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1

Tobacco imagery on prime time UK television  

PubMed Central

Background Smoking in films is a common and well documented cause of youth smoking experimentation and uptake and hence a significant health hazard. The extent of exposure of young people to tobacco imagery in television programming has to date been far less investigated. We have therefore measured the extent to which tobacco content occurs in prime time UK television, and estimated exposure of UK youth. Methods The occurrence of tobacco, categorised as actual tobacco use, implied tobacco use, tobacco paraphernalia, other reference to tobacco, tobacco brand appearances or any of these, occurring in all prime time broadcasting on the five most popularly viewed UK television stations during 3 separate weeks in 2010 were measured by 1-minute interval coding. Youth exposure to tobacco content in the UK was estimated using media viewing figures. Findings Actual tobacco use, predominantly cigarette smoking, occurred in 73 of 613 (12%) programmes, particularly in feature films and reality TV. Brand appearances were rare, occurring in only 18 programmes, of which 12 were news or other factual genres, and 6 were episodes of the same British soap opera. Tobacco occurred with similar frequency before as after 21:00, the UK watershed for programmes suitable for youth. The estimated number of incidences of exposure of the audience aged less than 18?years for any tobacco, actual tobacco use and tobacco branding were 59 million, 16 million and 3 million, respectively on average per week. Conclusions Television programming is a source of significant exposure of youth to tobacco imagery, before and after the watershed. Tobacco branding is particularly common in Coronation Street, a soap opera popular among youth audiences. More stringent controls on tobacco in prime time television therefore have the potential to reduce the uptake of youth smoking in the UK. PMID:23479113

Lyons, Ailsa; McNeill, Ann; Britton, John

2014-01-01

2

Science as fiction: Technology in prime time television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science fiction programs created for prime time television present images of future society and the relationship between technological and social progress. This article argues that television convention mitigates against depictions of technology as socially destructive. It also argues that the presentation of science as television fiction is a conservative act. In this way, television reinforces the socially constructed technological imperative

Jane Banks; Jonathan David Tankel

1990-01-01

3

On learning science and pseudoscience from prime-time television programming  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the present dissertation is to determine whether the viewing of two particular prime-time television programs, ER and The X-Files, increases viewer knowledge of science and to identify factors that may influence learning from entertainment television programming. Viewer knowledge of scientific dialogue from two science-based prime-time television programs, ER, a serial drama in a hospital emergency room and The X-Files, a drama about two Federal Bureau of Investigation agents who pursue alleged extraterrestrial life and paranormal activity, is studied. Level of viewing, education level, science education level, experiential factors, level of parasocial interaction, and demographic characteristics are assessed as independent variables affecting learning from entertainment television viewing. The present research involved a nine-month long content analysis of target television program dialogue and data collection from an Internet-based survey questionnaire posted to target program-specific on-line "chat" groups. The present study demonstrated that entertainment television program viewers incidentally learn science from entertainment television program dialogue. The more they watch, the more they learn. Viewing a pseudoscientific fictional television program does necessarily influence viewer beliefs in pseudoscience. Higher levels of formal science study are reflected in more science learning and less learning of pseudoscience from entertainment television program viewing. Pseudoscience learning from entertainment television programming is significantly related to experience with paranormal phenomena, higher levels of viewer parasocial interaction, and specifically, higher levels of cognitive parasocial interaction. In summary, the greater a viewer's understanding of science the more they learn when they watch their favorite science-based prime-time television programs. Viewers of pseudoscience-based prime-time television programming with higher levels of paranormal experiences and parasocial interaction demonstrate cognitive interest in and learning of their favorite television program characters ideas and beliefs. What television viewers learn from television is related to what they bring to the viewing experience. Television viewers are always learning, even when their intentions are to simply relax and watch the tube.

Whittle, Christopher Henry

4

Science as Fiction: Technology in Prime Time Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that television convention mitigates against depictions of technology as socially destructive. Argues that the presentation of science as television fiction is a conservative act. Concludes that television reinforces the socially constructed technological imperative of industrial societies, effacing its own role in the preservation of the…

Banks, Jane; Tankel, Jonathan David

1990-01-01

5

Television's Action Arsenal: Weapon Use in Prime Time.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to fill a basic information gap in the television violence research literature, namely, or lack of information on the instruments of violence. Weapon use was chosen not only because it is a manageable component of the entire television violence issue, but because it is one that is clearly subject to modification by the…

Higgins, Patricia B.; Ray, Marla W.

6

Watch Your Mouth! An Analysis of Profanity Uttered by Children on Prime-Time Television  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the frequency and types of offensive language spoken on prime-time television in 2001, particularly on programs rated acceptable for chil- dren and teenagers, and the use of profane language by characters under the age of 21. The findings are compared to similar studies conducted in 1990, 1994, and 1997 to determine whether the use of profanity by

Barbara K. Kaye; Barry S. Sapolsky

7

Health and Nutrient Content Claims in Food Advertisements on Hispanic and Mainstream Prime-Time Television  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Characterize frequency and type of health and nutrient content claims in prime-time weeknight Spanish- and English-language television advertisements from programs shown in 2003 with a high viewership by women aged 18 to 35 years. Design: Comparative content analysis design was used to analyze 95 hours of Spanish-language and 72 hours…

Abbatangelo-Gray, Jodie; Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol; Austin, S. Bryn

2008-01-01

8

The Portrayal of Families on Prime Time Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study explored the interaction of television families with attention to how parents behave in families and how children interact both with and without their parents and their siblings. Programs selected for the study were nine episodes of "The Cosby Show" and "Growing Pains"; both of these programs feature two-parent families with dependent…

Larson, Mary Strom

9

Older Adults in Prime-Time Television Dramas in Taiwan: Prevalence, Portrayal, and Communication Interaction  

E-print Network

male (60%; n = 51) and female characters (40%; n = 34) appeared, ?2 (1, N = 85) = 3.40, Cramer’s V = .02, p > .05. A secondary Lien, S-C, Zhang, Y.B., & Hummert, M. L. (2009). Older adults in prime-time television in Taiwan: Prevalence, portrayal... characters (47.4%), ?2 (3, N = 430) = 32.92, Cramer’s V = .16, p .05. [Place Table 2 Here] Lien, S-C, Zhang, Y.B., & Hummert, M. L. (2009). Older adults...

Lien, Shu-Chin; Zhang, Yan Bing; Hummert, Mary Lee

2009-09-01

10

Fall Colors II: Exploring the Quality of Diverse Portrayals on Prime Time Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children understand that media grant recognition and respect to racial groups that are positively portrayed. Approximately half of the programs in the 1999-2000 broadcast prime time entertainment programming exhibited some diversity in their opening credits casts. This study examined the nature of the portrayals of diversity. The study examined 10…

Heintz-Knowles, Katharine E.; Chen, Perry; Miller, Patti; Haufler, Adrienne

11

Prime-Time Health: An Analysis of Health Content In Television Commercials Broadcast During Programs Viewed Heavily by Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

For Americans of all ages, television is the primary source of health information. A major concern is the inadequate, inaccurate, and\\/or questionable content of messages embedded in television programs and commercials. To facilitate our work as health educators, an up-to-date description of the health-related content (HRC) shown on television is needed. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify,

Carol Byrd-Bredbenner; Darlene Grasso

12

Timing crisis information release via television.  

PubMed

When and how often to release information on television are important issues in crisis and emergency risk communication. There is a lot of crisis information, including warnings and news, to which people should have access, but most of it is not significantly urgent to interrupt the broadcasting of television programmes. Hence, the right timing for the release of crisis information should be selected based on the importance of the crisis and any associated communication requirements. Using recursive methods, this paper builds an audience coverage model of crisis information release. Based on 2007 Household Using TV (HUT) data for Hefei City, China, the optimal combination of broadcasting sequence (with frequencies between one and eight times) is obtained using the implicit enumeration method. The developed model is applicable to effective transmission of crisis information, with the aim of reducing interference with the normal television transmission process and decreasing the psychological effect on audiences. The same model can be employed for other purposes, such as news coverage and weather and road information. PMID:20572851

Wei, Jiuchang; Zhao, Dingtao; Yang, Feng; Du, Shaofu; Marinova, Dora

2010-10-01

13

Priming Effects of Television Food Advertising on Eating Behavior  

PubMed Central

Objective Health advocates have focused on the prevalence of advertising for calorie-dense low-nutrient foods as a significant contributor to the obesity epidemic. This research tests the hypothesis that exposure to food advertising during television viewing may also contribute to obesity by triggering automatic snacking of available food. Design In Experiments 1a and 1b, elementary-school-aged children watched a cartoon that contained either food advertising or advertising for other products and received a snack while watching. In Experiment 2, adults watched a television program that included food advertising that promoted snacking and/or fun product benefits, food advertising that promoted nutrition benefits or no food advertising. The adults then tasted and evaluated a range of healthy to unhealthy snack foods in an apparently separate experiment. Main Outcome Measures Amount of snack foods consumed during and after advertising exposure. Results Children consumed 45% more when exposed to food advertising. Adults consumed more of both healthy and unhealthy snack foods following exposure to snack food advertising compared to the other conditions. In both experiments, food advertising increased consumption of products not in the presented advertisements, and these effects were not related to reported hunger or other conscious influences. Conclusion These experiments demonstrate the power of food advertising to prime automatic eating behaviors and thus influence far more than brand preference alone. PMID:19594263

Harris, Jennifer L.; Bargh, John A.; Brownell, Kelly D.

2009-01-01

14

The Prime-Time Rule: A Misadventure in Broadcast Regulation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the Federal Communications Commission's Prime-Time Rule'' restricting local TV station use of network programming in key evening hours and its implications for television programming. (HB)

Hall, W. Clayton; Batlivala, Robert B.

1973-01-01

15

Fall Colors: How Diverse Is the 1999-2000 TV Season's Prime Time Lineup?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because children today are growing up in an era of increasing racial and ethnic diversity and because television provides a steady educational influence on children's attitudes and perceptions, it is important to examine the extent to which television programming reflects diversity in all its forms. This study was commissioned by Children Now to…

Heintz-Knowles, Katharine E.; Chen, Perry

16

Television violence and children's aggression: testing the priming, social script, and disinhibition predictions.  

PubMed

The effect of television violence on boys' aggression was investigated with consideration of teacher-rated characteristic aggressiveness, timing of frustration, and violence-related cues as moderators. Boys in Grades 2 and 3 (N = 396) watched violent or nonviolent TV in groups of 6, and half the groups were later exposed to a cue associated with the violent TV program. They were frustrated either before or after TV viewing. Aggression was measured by naturalistic observation during a game of floor hockey. Groups containing more characteristically high-aggressive boys showed higher aggression following violent TV plus the cue than following violent TV alone, which in turn produced more aggression than did the nonviolent TV condition. There was evidence that both the violent content and the cue may have suppressed aggression among groups composed primarily of boys low in characteristic aggressiveness. Results were interpreted in terms of current information-processing theories of media effects on aggression. PMID:3681656

Josephson, W L

1987-11-01

17

Social Trust, Social Partner Time and Television Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social trust is an important phenomenon, but the influence of important time-based measures upon trust has not been examined. Such measures include social contact and anti-social activity, such as television watching, which allows for the co-presence of other people. This paper reports on associations between trust and weighted means of co-present…

Patulny, Roger

2011-01-01

18

Fall Colors, 2001-02: Prime Time Diversity Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television is an integral part of American culture, and has the ability to play a major role in shaping belief systems, particularly for the youngest and most impressionable viewers. This study is the third annual study of diversity of characters in prime time television programming. The study examined the first two episodes of each prime time

Parker, McCrae A.; Miller, Patti; Espejo, Eileen; Grossman-Swenson, Sarah

19

Remote real-time library instruction via cable television  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the fall semester of 1996, the University of Michigan experimented with distance education via the University's cable television network (UMTV). UMTV supplied a mechanism for high-quality, low-cost delivery of real-time remote communication. Through this mechanism, librarians provided distance education to students in the classroom at their point of need, without disturbing the flow of instruction.

Pamela Zilius; Deborah Tenofsky

2000-01-01

20

Television Transmission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experiments in the transmission of television signals over wire lines have been made from time to time as the television art has developed. The present paper discusses experiments made during the summer of 1940 with 441-line, 30-frame interlaced signals transmitted over coaxial cable and other telephone facilities. Some of the general problems of wire transmission have been included. In particular,

M. E. Strieby; C. L. Weis

1941-01-01

21

ACTION SAMPLING OF TELEVISION VIEWING: A FAVORITE WASTE OF TIME  

Microsoft Academic Search

TV watching is one of the most important ways of spending leisure time, the average daily watching time in the Swedish population is about 141 minutes - about 15 % of non-sleep time. Yet, there is little research on the psychological processes taking place while watching TV. In the present study using still-relevant data from a 1985-86 data base, the

Lennart Sjöberg; Rutger Magneberg; Datagram HB; Göteborg Sweden

2009-01-01

22

Culture Writ Electronic: Themes in Television Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A content analysis was made of the advertisements broadcast during a half-hour of prime-time television, in an effort to discern the overt (obvious) and covert (underlying) themes present in television advertising. The analysis revealed an overt theme of a world view of individual determination, initiative, self-confidence and self-reliance, and…

Cheney, Michael R.

23

Too Much Tube Time? Television Viewing and Childhood Obesity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rates of overweight in infancy and childhood are rapidly growing. One contributor to the rising tide of childhood obesity, and a target included in many obesity prevention and intervention programs, is television (TV) use. This article examines the amount of media to which young children are exposed, and considers the evidence for the…

Cardinal, Tiffany M.; Lumeng, Julie C.

2007-01-01

24

Children, Television, and Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author summarizes a research review conducted at William Paterson College. Information is presented on the amount of time spent watching television, types of programs preferred by different age groups, and the impact of television on reading habits and achievement. No consistent relationship between TV viewing and achievement was found. (SJL)

Feeley, Joan T.

1980-01-01

25

Television Time among Brazilian Adolescents: Correlated Factors are Different between Boys and Girls  

PubMed Central

Objective. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of excess television time and verify correlated factors in adolescent males and females. Methods. This cross-sectional study included 2,105 adolescents aged from 13 to 18 years from the city of Aracaju, Northeastern Brazil. Television time was self-reported, corresponding to the time spent watching television in a typical week. Several correlates were examined including age, skin color, socioeconomic status, parent education, physical activity level, consumption of fruits and vegetables, smoking status, alcohol use, and sports team participation. Results. The prevalence excess television time (?2 hours/day) in girls and boys was 70.9% and 66.2%, respectively. Girls with low socioeconomic status or inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables were more likely to have excess television time. Among boys, those >16 years of age or with black skin color were more likely to have excess television time. Conclusions. Excess television time was observed in more than two-thirds of adolescents, being more evident in girls. Correlated factors differed according to sex. Efforts to reduce television time among Brazilian adolescents, and replace with more active pursuits, may yield desirable public health benefits. PMID:24723826

Tremblay, Mark Stephen; Gonçalves, Eliane Cristina de Andrade; Silva, Roberto Jerônimo dos Santos

2014-01-01

26

Applied Television Aesthetics in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television aesthetics is the study of the compositional principles pertinent to the television medium in which basic elements of the television picture such as light, color, framing, space, time, motion, editing, sound, etc. are examined in relation to the finished product, the television program. The major areas covered by television aesthetics…

Metallinos, Nikos

27

Social and Interactive-Television Applications Based on Real-Time Ambient-Audio Identification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes mass personalization , a framework for combining mass media with a highly personalized Web-based experience. We introduce four applications for mass personalization: personalized content layers, ad hoc social communities, real-time popularity ratings and virtual media library services. Using the ambient audio originating from the television, the four applications are available with no more effort than simple television

Michael Fink; Michele Covell; Shumeet Baluja

28

Values in Prime Time Alcoholic Beverage Commercials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Content analysis was used to study the values evident in televised beer and wine commercials. Seventy-seven prime time commercials, 7.6% of a week's total, were analyzed along value dimensions adapted from Gallup's measure of popular social values. The intensity of each value was coded on a five-point scale. None of the commercials in the beer and…

Frazer, Charles F.

29

Television viewing time and risk of incident diabetes mellitus: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing  

PubMed Central

Aim To investigate the longitudinal association between television viewing time and risk of incident diabetes mellitus in an elderly sample of adults in England. Methods Analyses of data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. At baseline (2008), participants reported their television viewing time and physical activity level. Diabetes mellitus was recorded from self-reported physician diagnosis at 2-year follow-up. Associations between television viewing time and combined television viewing time and physical activity level with risk of incident diabetes mellitus at follow-up were examined using adjusted logistic regression models. Results A total of 5964 participants (mean ± sd age 65 ± 9 years at baseline, 44% male) were included in the analyses. There was an association between baseline television viewing time and risk of incident diabetes mellitus at 2-year follow-up (? 6 h/day compared with <2 h/day; odds ratio 4.27, 95% CI 1.69, 10.77), although the association was attenuated to the null in final adjusted models that included BMI. Participants who were inactive/had high television viewing time at baseline were almost twice as likely to have diabetes mellitus at 2-year follow-up than those who were active/had low television viewing time (fully adjusted odds ratio 1.94, 95% CI 1.02, 3.68), although active participants reporting high television viewing were not at risk. Conclusion Interventions to reduce the incidence of diabetes in the elderly that focus on both increasing physical activity and reducing television viewing time might prove useful. PMID:24975987

Smith, L; Hamer, M

2014-01-01

30

How Young Children Spend Their Time: Television and Other Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Time-use diaries were collected over a 3-year period for 2 cohorts of 2- and 4-year-old children. TV viewing declined with age. Time spent in reading and educational activities increased with age on weekdays but declined on weekends. Time-use patterns were sex-stereotyped, and sex differences increased with age. As individuals’ time in educational activities, social interaction, and video games increased, their

Aletha C. Huston; John C. Wright; Janet Marquis; Samuel B. Green

1999-01-01

31

Time spent watching television, sleep duration and obesity in adults living in Valencia, Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association of time watching television (TV) and physical activity with obesity in the Mediterranean area of Spain with the highest prevalence of obesity.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.SETTING: Valencia Region in Spain.PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 814 men and 958 women, aged 15 y and older, participating in a Health and Nutrition Survey conducted in 1994.MEASUREMENTS: Height and weight

J Vioque; A Torres; J Quiles

2000-01-01

32

Television viewing time and weight gain in colorectal cancer survivors: a prospective population-based study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  To investigate the prospective relationships between television viewing time and weight gain in the 3 years following colorectal\\u000a cancer diagnosis for 1,867 colorectal cancer survivors (body mass index (BMI) ? 18.5 kg\\/m2).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  BMI, television viewing time, physical activity, and socio-demographic and clinical covariates were assessed at baseline (5 months),\\u000a 24 months and 36 months post-diagnosis. Multiple linear regression was used to study independent associations between baseline\\u000a television

Katrien Wijndaele; Brigid M. Lynch; Neville Owen; David W. Dunstan; Stephen Sharp; Joanne F. Aitken

2009-01-01

33

Criminal Justice “Hollywood Style”: How Women in Criminal Justice Professions Are Depicted in Prime-Time Crime Dramas  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the abundance of prime-time crime dramas on television, it is imperative that researchers examine how female criminal justice professionals are depicted in the world of fiction versus in reality. In this study, a content analysis of 10 prime-time television crime dramas was conducted. Of the 69 characters observed, female criminal justice professionals were portrayed as young, White, and single.

Kimberly A. DeTardo-Bora

2009-01-01

34

Nielsen Television '73; A Look at the Medium.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The latest (1973) edition of Nielsen Television presents data on the television audience. Major findings are graphically summarized and data are presented for: number of stations receivable by household; households equipped with TV sets; United States TV households with color television; total United States households using television by time of…

Nielsen (A.C.) Co., Chicago, IL.

35

Educational Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aspects of educational television (ETV) covered in this report include its history, growth and development, noncommerical television broadcast stations, instructional television fixed service (ITFS), microwave relay system, television signal translators, cable systems, and the use of satellites. The report also outlines the Federal Communications…

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

36

Next time somebody asks: "Is it good for young people to watch TV?" say YA TV, the Young Asia Television: the eyes and ears of young Asians.  

PubMed

This article presents a profile of the Young Asia Television (YATV) initiative by the WorldView International Foundation. The YATV channel brings news and analysis of Asia-focussed environmental concerns, current affairs, population and reproductive health issues, social problems including poverty and illiteracy, arts and culture, and other topics. In addition, it broadcasts programs produced by different countries on reproductive and sexual health, including AIDS and sexually transmitted disease prevention, and youth/adolescent awareness of sexual health. It was launched by the Foundation with a thrust stating that "television must encourage dialogue and debate; advance the creativity of people, especially the younger generation who will be the leaders of the future." In order to reach many more millions of viewers, YATV programs are networked with the Asian Broadcasting Union and 1000 other organizations through the Foundation's own NGOs network. This network provides the medium for value-based broadcasts in an entertaining fashion. The International Office of Worldview International Foundation in Colombo monitors the program activities on a continuing basis and uses the information gathered for impact assessment and long-term planning. PMID:12158252

1999-12-01

37

TV Links Film and Television Website Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

TV Links Film and Television Website Archive is a site that points to almost anything you can think of relating to film and television. Categories include television shows, motion picture production companies, screen and video professional organizations, awards (Oscar, Emmy, and Tony), world TV schedules, 30 TV networks, Usenet newsgroups, and film festivals, among others. This is a definitive site for the definitive couch potato.

2005-11-29

38

TV Links Film and Television Website Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

TV Links Film and Television Website Archive is a site that points to almost anything you can think of relating to film and television. Categories include television shows, motion picture production companies, screen and video professional organizations, awards (Oscar, Emmy, and Tony), world TV schedules, 30 TV networks, Usenet newsgroups, and film festivals, among others. This is a definitive site for the definitive couch potato.

39

Children's Television Exposure and Behavioral and Social Outcomes at 5.5 Years: Does Timing of Exposure Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends children 2 years of age limit daily media exposure to 1 to 2 hours and not have a television set in children's bedrooms. However, there are limited prospective studies to address how timing of media exposure influences children's health. OBJECTIVE. Our goal was to examine relations among children's early, concurrent, and sustained television

Kamila B. Mistry; Cynthia S. Minkovitz; Donna M. Strobino; Dina L. G. Borzekowski

2010-01-01

40

Braille Telecaptioning: Making Real-Time Television Accessible to Deaf-Blind Consumers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A federal grant has been awarded to develop and test a prototype device to make closed-captioned television available to deaf-blind people. The Braille TeleCaption System, with output available in braille and large print, is currently being tested. Such new technology makes real-time viewing of news, weather, and entertainment accessible to…

Biederman-Anderson, L.

1989-01-01

41

Television Viewing, Computer Use, Time Driving and All?Cause Mortality: The SUN Cohort  

PubMed Central

Background Sedentary behaviors have been directly associated with all?cause mortality. However, little is known about different types of sedentary behaviors in relation to overall mortality. Our objective was to assess the association between different sedentary behaviors and all?cause mortality. Methods and Results In this prospective, dynamic cohort study (the SUN Project) 13 284 Spanish university graduates with a mean age of 37 years were followed?up for a median of 8.2 years. Television, computer, and driving time were assessed at baseline. Poisson regression models were fitted to examine the association between each sedentary behavior and total mortality. All?cause mortality incidence rate ratios (IRRs) per 2 hours per day were 1.40 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06 to 1.84) for television viewing, 0.96 (95% CI: 0.79 to 1.18) for computer use, and 1.14 (95% CI: 0.90 to 1.44) for driving, after adjustment for age, sex, smoking status, total energy intake, Mediterranean diet adherence, body mass index, and physical activity. The risk of mortality was twofold higher for participants reporting ?3 h/day of television viewing than for those reporting <1 h/d (IRR: 2.04 [95% CI 1.16 to 3.57]). Conclusions Television viewing was directly associated with all?cause mortality. However, computer use and time spent driving were not significantly associated with higher mortality. Further cohort studies and trials designed to assess whether reductions in television viewing are able to reduce mortality are warranted. The lack of association between computer use or time spent driving and mortality needs further confirmation. PMID:24965030

Basterra?Gortari, Francisco Javier; Bes?Rastrollo, Maira; Gea, Alfredo; Núñez?Córdoba, Jorge María; Toledo, Estefanía; Martínez?González, Miguel Ángel

2014-01-01

42

Analyzing Value Content in Television Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four prime time television programs--"Charlie's Angels,""Little House on the Prairie,""Grizzly Adams," and "Lou Grant" --were rated by university students for their portrayal of moral reasoning and values. Data were obtained from three episodes of each program by randomly assigning raters to one of two viewing groups, both of which used an…

Jensen, Larry; Zelig, Mark

43

Television and Attitudes toward Mental Health Issues: Cultivation Analysis and the Third-Person Effect  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A television content analysis and survey of 419 community respondents supports the hypothesis that media stereotypes affect public attitudes toward mental health issues. A content analysis of network, prime-time television demonstrates that portrayals are violent, false, and negative. The mentally disordered are portrayed as 10 times more likely…

Diefenbach, Donald L.; West, Mark D.

2007-01-01

44

"Television" Artists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an art class, children browse through space-age knobs, robot antennas and gyroscopic signal searchers. They extend space needle antennas before turning on an old TV. They discover the sights and sounds of televisions past, hearing the hiss, the gathering power, and seeing the blinking eye, the black-and-white light and blurry images projected…

Szekely, George

2010-01-01

45

Research of Amplitude - Time Characteristic of Television Signal Reflected From a Meteoric Trail in Spased Radar System  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the technique of processing the television signal reflected from a meteoric trail for research of parameters of amplitude-time characteristics of signals in the spased radar system is considered.

A. N. Oleynikov; D. M. Sosnovchik

2006-01-01

46

Television Production.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a course of study to provide high school students with an introduction to television production skills and techniques and to provide a framework for developing critical television viewing skills. The nine units of the course introduce students to storyboards, camera operations, lighting, audio, video recording, graphics,…

Hird, John R.; Balzarini, Steven

47

Uses of Sex Appeals in Prime-Time Television Commercials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines how sex appeals employed bymale and female models were utilized in Americantelevision commercials. It centers on the physicalcharacteristics and behavior of models appearing during primetime network programs, including bodilyshape, clothing revealment, physical contact, sexiness,attractiveness and physical as well as verbal innuendo.The study was based on 505 coding units sampled from 8 p.m. to 11 p.m. on the

Carolyn A. Lin

1998-01-01

48

Alcohol imagery on New Zealand television  

PubMed Central

Background To examine the extent and nature of alcohol imagery on New Zealand (NZ) television, a content analysis of 98 hours of prime-time television programs and advertising was carried out over 7 consecutive days' viewing in June/July 2004. The main outcome measures were number of scenes in programs, trailers and advertisements depicting alcohol imagery; the extent of critical versus neutral and promotional imagery; and the mean number of scenes with alcohol per hour, and characteristics of scenes in which alcohol featured. Results There were 648 separate depictions of alcohol imagery across the week, with an average of one scene every nine minutes. Scenes depicting uncritical imagery outnumbered scenes showing possible adverse health consequences of drinking by 12 to 1. Conclusion The evidence points to a large amount of alcohol imagery incidental to storylines in programming on NZ television. Alcohol is also used in many advertisements to market non-alcohol goods and services. More attention needs to be paid to the extent of alcohol imagery on television from the industry, the government and public health practitioners. Health education with young people could raise critical awareness of the way alcohol imagery is presented on television. PMID:17270053

McGee, Rob; Ketchel, Juanita; Reeder, Anthony I

2007-01-01

49

Independent and combined associations of total sedentary time and television viewing time with food intake patterns of 9- to 11-year-old Canadian children.  

PubMed

The relationships among sedentary time, television viewing time, and dietary patterns in children are not fully understood. The aim of this paper was to determine which of self-reported television viewing time or objectively measured sedentary time is a better correlate of the frequency of consumption of healthy and unhealthy foods. A cross-sectional study was conducted of 9- to 11-year-old children (n = 523; 57.1% female) from Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Accelerometers were used to determine total sedentary time, and questionnaires were used to determine the number of hours of television watching and the frequency of consumption of foods per week. Television viewing was negatively associated with the frequency of consumption of fruits, vegetables, and green vegetables, and positively associated with the frequency of consumption of sweets, soft drinks, diet soft drinks, pastries, potato chips, French fries, fruit juices, ice cream, fried foods, and fast food. Except for diet soft drinks and fruit juices, these associations were independent of covariates, including sedentary time. Total sedentary time was negatively associated with the frequency of consumption of sports drinks, independent of covariates, including television viewing. In combined sedentary time and television viewing analyses, children watching >2 h of television per day consumed several unhealthy food items more frequently than did children watching ?2 h of television, regardless of sedentary time. In conclusion, this paper provides evidence to suggest that television viewing time is more strongly associated with unhealthy dietary patterns than is total sedentary time. Future research should focus on reducing television viewing time, as a means of improving dietary patterns and potentially reducing childhood obesity. PMID:24892903

Borghese, Michael M; Tremblay, Mark S; Leduc, Genevieve; Boyer, Charles; Bélanger, Priscilla; LeBlanc, Allana G; Francis, Claire; Chaput, Jean-Philippe

2014-08-01

50

Children's Television in Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews developments in the television industry in Australia with specific reference to children's television. Advertising regulations and research and publications related to children's television are also noted. (RAO)

Murray, John P.

1978-01-01

51

Subscription Television (STV--Pay TV)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Subscription television (STV), established by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in 1968, involves transmitting television programs over the air to viewers who pay for the service. The development, trial operation, and test results of subscription television are described in this report, along with four Commission reports, and FCC…

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

52

Pulsed illumination, closed circuit television system for real-time viewing of unsteady (> 1 micros) events.  

PubMed

A pulsed illumination closed circuit television system is described whereby fast (times <33 ms), unsteady events can be observed in real time. A low-power helium-neon laser beam is modulated to send a short duration light pulse through the unsteady test medium. The light is refracted according to the instantaneous optical properties of the medium. The refracted light travels to a solid state television camera, known as a charge injection device (CID), in which the sensor array is charged within microseconds. The scanning of the charged array then follows, requiring the standard 33 ms for information transfer to video tape and a TV monitor. The image is thus formed during the laser pulse duration (which presently is 10 to 100 micros, but shorter duration pulses are possible with more powerful lasers), but no more than one image every 33 ms can be observed and recorded. Thus this method is particularly suited for the investigation of high frequency periodic events in which one can observe both a single image, or an ensemble average of as many as 100 images, occurring at corresponding times in different cycles. The reported applications include the recording of steady and transient propane torch flames, of the transient fuel injection process in a motored internal combustion engine, and of the propagation of a flame under firing conditions in the engine. In the shadowgraph and Schlieren modes the method is particularly suited for application to periodic combustion events such as those occurring in internal combustion engines. The method then presents the following advantages over high-speed filming (> 3000 pictures/s); real-time observation and recording of chamber events at any crankangle; real-time observation and recording of the effects of changes in the engine variables (speed, load, spark timing, injection pressure and duration, chamber swirl, etc.) on the combustion events; real-time observation and recording of ensemble averages and cycle-to-cycle variations. The technique also eliminates the delays and unknowns of film processing. Finally, the cost of this system is similar to that of a high-speed camera. PMID:18698961

Marden, W W; Steinberger, R L; Bracco, F V

1978-10-01

53

Only Two Hours? A Qualitative Study of the Challenges Parents Perceive in Restricting Child Television Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines parents' and children's reaction to the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation to limit children's television (TV) viewing to 2 hours a day or less. To better understand the challenges faced by parents who would seek to adhere to the guidelines, we conducted qualitative small group interviews with 60 parent/child dyads…

Evans, Cortney A.; Jordan, Amy B.; Horner, Jennifer

2011-01-01

54

Cable Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides information about cable television and the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) responsibilities in regulating its operation. The initial jurisdiction and rules covered in this report pertain to the court test, public hearing, certificate of compliance, franchising, signal carriage, leapfrogging, access and origination…

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

55

Educational Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report summarizes information about the history, technology and operation of educational television (ETV) in the U.S. The history of educational broadcasting is outlined from 1941 when the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved applications for five noncommercial FM radio channels, to 1967 and the passing of the Public Broadcasting…

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

56

The Association of Screen Time, Television in the Bedroom, and Obesity among School-Aged Youth: 2007 National Survey of Children's Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Among school-aged youth, we sought to identify characteristics associated with (1) exceeding screen time recommendations (ie, television/videos/video games more than 2 hours/weekday), and (2) exceeding screen time recommendations, the presence of a television in the bedroom, and obesity. Methods: Using 2007 National Survey of…

Wethington, Holly; Pan, Liping; Sherry, Bettylou

2013-01-01

57

A Survey of Public Television Viewing in the WBRA-TV and WSVN-TV Signal Areas of Southwestern Virginia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A telephone survey was conducted in November 1973 to determine television viewing patterns in southwestern Virginia. Data were collected concerning family characteristics and time spent watching the various programs offered by WBRA-TV and WSVN-TV, the local public broadcasting stations. Income and occupational status proved to be significant…

Valenzuela, Nicholas A.; Spain, Peter

58

CHILDREN AND TV, TELEVISION'S IMPACT ON THE CHILD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

VARIOUS POINTS OF VIEW ARE PRESENTED ON THE EFFECT OF TELEVISION UPON CHILDREN. CONTENTS--(1) TELEVISION, TIGER BY THE TAIL--ERNA CHRISTENSEN. (2) TELEVISION'S IMPACT ON THE CHILD--RALPH GARRY. (3) SOME RESEARCH ON TV--PAUL A. WITTY. (4) THE CURRICULUM CONTENT OF CHILDREN'S TELEVISION PROGRAMS AND COMMERCIALS--MARIE TOWNSEND MOORE AND JULIANA…

GRAY, NAN; SUNDERLIN, SYLVIA

59

The Big Three's Prime-Time Decline: A Technological and Social Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an analysis of factors associated with the 25-year decline in the prime-time shares of the top 3 television networks. Time series analysis revealed a stronger serial correlation between network decline and social indicators than between network decline and technological factors. Network shares were negatively correlated with indicators of social differentiation, and were also negatively correlated with the

Douglas Blanks Hindman; Kenneth Wiegand

2008-01-01

60

NASA Television Schedules  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This online television schedule provides listings of NASA's televised programming, including mission coverage, educational shows, and historical programs. A link is provided to a list of organizations that transmit NASA television to the World Wide Web.

61

Information Retrieval by Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bell Canada, the Public School and Collegiate Institute Boards of Ottawa, and the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education are collaborating on an educational television project which will provide a retrieval system that can supply any given program at any time under the control of the classroom teacher. Four schools in Ottawa will participate…

Billowes, C. A.

1968-01-01

62

Using Prime-Time Animation to Engage Students in Courses on Aging  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prime-time animation is a television genre that frequently reflects on issues that are significant in contemporary society, including aging issues. Using such programs to present aging-related content can be a constructive pedagogical device, offering a means of actively engaging students. This article provides a brief overview of the use of…

Curch, Lisa M.

2010-01-01

63

Television satellite programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why and how satellite television transmission is being done, especially TDF-1\\/TV-Sat, are considered. The need for satellite television is assessed in terms of extending areas of reception. Problems of optimal signal strength, installation cost, and spillover are assessed. Political, cultural, and commercial aspects are also covered. Diverse satellite television systems to date are compared. The TDF-1\\/TV-Sat program is outlined as

P. Usunier

1981-01-01

64

Sex, Kids and the Family Hour: A Three-Part Study of Sexual Content on Television. A Special Report from Children Now and the Kaiser Family Foundation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This series of studies focused on the content of television programming about sexual activity and sexual relationships, examining what messages are communicated in the so-called "family hour," the first hour of prime time broadcast television (8-9 p.m. in most areas of the country). First, a content analysis documented the nature of sexual…

Kaiser Foundation, Oakland, CA.

65

Does Advertising on Black Entertainment Television Portray More Positive Gender Representations Compared to Broadcast Networks?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a content analysis of television commercials (n?=?434) aired during prime-time on US general networks (ABC, NBC, CBS, and FOX) and an African American niche station (Black\\u000a Entertainment Television—BET) in 2002. Targeted group\\/nontargeted group representations are explored in relation to depictions\\u000a of domestic\\/romantic fulfillment and agency. The findings reveal that although the majority of characters on all

Melinda J. Messineo

2008-01-01

66

BRAND APPEARANCES IN TELEVISION NEWS IN TURKEY  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research provides a benchmark study of brand appearances on television news using a large sample of news over an extended period of time (Five Days. Mon.-Fri.) on five major Networks (Kanal-D, Show TV, NTV,TRT-1). It documents the types of brand appearing in television news and the prevalence of appearance by network and news characteristics. Then, using the conceptual framework

Ergun YOLCU

67

Hidden addiction: Television  

PubMed Central

Background and aims: The most popular recreational pastime in the U.S. is television viewing. Some researchers have claimed that television may be addictive. We provide a review of the definition, etiology, prevention and treatment of the apparent phenomenon of television addiction. Methods: Selective review. Results: We provide a description of television (TV) addiction, including its negative consequences, assessment and potential etiology, considering neurobiological, cognitive and social/cultural factors. Next, we provide information on its prevention and treatment. Discussion and conclusions: We suggest that television addiction may function similarly to substance abuse disorders but a great deal more research is needed. PMID:25083294

Sussman, Steve; Moran, Meghan B.

2013-01-01

68

Television satellite programs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Why and how satellite television transmission is being done, especially TDF-1/TV-Sat, are considered. The need for satellite television is assessed in terms of extending areas of reception. Problems of optimal signal strength, installation cost, and spillover are assessed. Political, cultural, and commercial aspects are also covered. Diverse satellite television systems to date are compared. The TDF-1/TV-Sat program is outlined as a practical application of what until now has been only experimental. System characteristics and its modular design are shown. Possible uses beyond television (teletex; viewdata; videotext) are speculated on.

Usunier, P.

69

Towards Better Children's Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Committee on Children's Television (CCT) supports Action for Children's Television (ACT) in its demands for no commercials on children's television and an improvement in programing for children. A survey of children's television in the San Francisco Bay Area determined that from 1961 to 1971, children's programing had declined in quality and…

Mundie, Paul J.

70

High speed imaging television system  

DOEpatents

A television system for observing an event which provides a composite video output comprising the serially interlaced images the system is greater than the time resolution of any of the individual cameras.

Wilkinson, William O. (Silver Spring, MD); Rabenhorst, David W. (Silver Spring, MD)

1984-01-01

71

Television experiment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The fixed and variable Martian features investigated by the TV experiment on Mariner 9 are described. Articles are presented concerning the dust storm of October to November over the Southern Hemisphere; global surface geodesy and cartography; geology; and the satellite astronomy.

Briggs, G. A.; Cutts, J. A.; Steinbacher, R. H.; Thorpe, T. E.; Whitehead, A. B.; Devaucouleurs, G.; Davies, M. E.; Masursky, H.; Pollack, J. B.

1973-01-01

72

Alcohol imagery on popularly viewed television in the UK  

PubMed Central

Background Exposure to alcohol consumption and product imagery in films is associated with increased alcohol consumption among young people, but the extent to which exposure also occurs through television is not clear. We have measured the occurrence of alcohol imagery in prime-time broadcasting on UK free-to-air television channels. Methods Occurrence of alcohol imagery (actual use, implied use, brand appearances or other reference to alcohol) was measured in all broadcasting on the five most popular UK television stations between 6 and 10 p.m. during 3 weeks in 2010, by 1-min interval coding. Results Alcohol imagery occurred in over 40% of broadcasts, most commonly soap operas, feature films, sport and comedies, and was equally frequent before and after the 9 p.m. watershed. Brand appearances occurred in 21% of programmes, and over half of all sports programmes, a third of soap operas and comedies and a fifth of advertising/trailers. Three brands, Heineken, Budweiser and Carlsberg together accounted for ?40% of all brand depictions. Conclusions Young people are exposed to frequent alcohol imagery, including branding, in UK prime-time television. It is likely that this exposure has an important effect on alcohol consumption in young people. PMID:23929886

Lyons, Ailsa; McNeill, Ann; Britton, John

2014-01-01

73

How older people watch television. Telemetric data on the TV use in Germany in 1996.  

PubMed

This study has been prompted by the relatively small body of knowledge on the media use of the elderly. The aim of this study was to show how people 50 years and older use the medium television in Germany. Therefore, the 1996 television usership data collected in a representative 'peoplemeter' panel of about 4,800 German television households have been surveyed, processed and analyzed using standard audience research software. In 1996, Germans 50 years and above watched on average 233 min television per day. The older a person, the longer he or she watches television. Individuals 65 years and older watch television for 253 min per day. This subgroup appears to comprise the most intensive users of the medium. Men 65 years and above may be depicted as the heaviest weekend TV watchers, older women as the medium's closest followers from Monday to Friday. Television program broadcast late in the afternoon and early in the evening have by far the best chances to be chosen by seniors. The affinity of the elderly for the medium can be explained by its potential for offering entertainment, information, and companionship, being a substitute for primary interpersonal communication, a tool for structuring time patterns and keeping up the rhythms of long-established everyday rituals. On the one hand, television can be a 'lifeline' and a 'window to the outside world' for people with little opportunity for direct, unmediated social contact, thus possibly raising their satisfaction of life. On the other hand, prolonged TV use may be seen as an indicator for the degree of loneliness and neglect of the elderly. PMID:9592692

Grajczyk, A; Zöllner, O

1998-01-01

74

A time to reexamine the role of television in our lives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the role of psychology in evaluating the impact of TV on children and the family. Cognitive psychology must address not only the issue of how children acquire information about an environment that includes physical motions and social and affective communications from other people, but also the rapid and miniature interactions on TV. To the extent that TV influences beliefs

Dorothy G. Singer

1983-01-01

75

Television Quiz Show Simulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the simulation of four television quiz shows for students in China studying English as a foreign language (EFL). It discusses the adaptation and implementation of television quiz shows and how the students reacted to them.

Hill, Jonnie Lynn

2007-01-01

76

FEDERAL PROGRAMS FOR EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE GROWTH AND PROGRESS OF EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION IS DESCRIBED. GRANTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF NONCOMMERCIAL TELEVISION (TV) BROADCASTING STATIONS (EDUCATIONAL TV FACILITIES ACT), GRANTS OF SURPLUS PROPERTY UNDER THE NATIONAL DEFENSE EDUCATION ACT HAVE AIDED THE GROWTH OF EDUCATIONAL TV. GREATER USE IS MADE OF EDUCATIONAL TV BECAUSE OF GREATER USE…

BYSTROM, JOHN W.

77

Vanderbilt Television News Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Television News Archive began at Vanderbilt University on August 5, 1968 because television news was not consistently recorded, preserved and made accessible for research anywhere. After a quarter century, the Archive remains unique in systematically recording, abstracting and indexing the most widely viewed national television newscasts so that they are readily available for study.

78

Action for Children's Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The origins, development, and effectiveness of Action for Children's Television (ACT) are examined in this pamphlet. The strategies used by ACT to obtain change at the congressional level and within television stations and networks include the following: a "tuneout" day when people are urged to turn off their television sets, a boycott of certain…

Ranly, Donald P.

79

Coping with Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book could be a useful supplement in any course dealing with television, such as mass media, communication, film, and humanities. The book is divided into six sections. "The Impact of Television" discusses the impact of television on society, the broadcast media, the Federal Communications Commission, public broadcasting, educational…

Littell, Joseph Fletcher, Ed.

80

Television Aesthetics in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the field of television aesthetics and its contribution to education. Highlights include visual and auditory perception; cognition; composition of television images; and criteria for the analysis and evaluation of educational or instructional television programs, including content, medium, impact on the audience, perceptual factors,…

Metallinos, Nikos

1991-01-01

81

Television Looks at Aging.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How television is helping to make older adults more visible by drawing attention to their needs and by recognizing their contributions to society is examined in this book, which presents a sample of television programing in the 1980s. The book begins with an introduction by Mary Cassata that surveys the literature on television's roles as both…

Briller, Bert R., Ed.; Knight, Pamela, Ed.

82

Television and the Humanist.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses problems that mass media, particularly television, pose for humanities teachers. Considers how television affects viewers, urges teachers to help students guard against manipulation by the media, acknowledges the educational potential of television, and points to the dangers to thought and informed decision making presented by…

Zigerell, James

1986-01-01

83

Handbook on Hospital Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for both hospital personnel interested in television and audiovisual personnel entering the medical field, this handbook is a verbal and pictorial survey of what is being done with TV within the medical profession. After an introduction which answers technical questions about medical TV posed during the American Hospital Association's…

Prynne, T. A.

84

The Turtle and the Peacock : collaboration for prosocial change : the entertainment - education strategy on television  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the early eighties, a popular prime time drama serial Zeg eens A was being broadcast in the Netherlands. Health communication professionals who saw this series regarded it as an interesting setting in which to introduce and deal with health communication messages (see for example Bouman, 1984). At that time, however, collaborating with scriptwriters of popular television programmes was a

M. Bouman

1999-01-01

85

47 CFR 76.614 - Cable television system regular monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.614 Cable television system regular monitoring...sources shall be repaired within a reasonable period of time. Note 1 to § 76.614: Section 76.1706 contains signal...

2014-10-01

86

Multiwavefront digital holographic television.  

PubMed

This paper presents the full technology chain supporting wide angle digital holographic television from holographic capture of real world objects/scenes to holographic display with an extended viewing angle. The data are captured with multiple CCD cameras located around an object. The display system is based on multiple tilted spatial light modulators (SLMs) arranged in a circular configuration. The capture-display system is linked by a holographic data processing module, which allows for significant decoupling of the capture and display systems. The presented experimental results, based on the reconstruction of real world, variable in time scenes, illustrates imaging dynamics, viewing angle and quality. PMID:24663525

Kujawinska, Malgorzata; Kozacki, Tomasz; Falldorf, Claas; Meeser, Thomas; Hennelly, Bryan M; Garbat, Piotr; Zaperty, Weronika; Niemelä, Mikko; Finke, Grzegorz; Kowiel, Marcin; Naughton, Thomas

2014-02-10

87

Television Situation Comedies: Female Weight, Male Negative Comments, and Audience Reactions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Content analysis of prime time television situation comedies examined body weights of female central characters, negative comments made by male characters about their weight or bodies, and audience reactions. Below-average weight females were over-represented in the programs. The heavier the females, the more negative comments made to or about…

Fouts, Gregory; Burggraf, Kimberley

2000-01-01

88

Social TV : the future of television in the Internet Age  

E-print Network

Television's influence on culture and society has been widely acknowledged for many years. On the other hand, with the diffusion of the web and of social networks such as Facebook and Twitter, used in concert with television, ...

Summa, Giacomo

2011-01-01

89

The Future of Educational Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to predict the future of educational television, the author discusses first instructional television, then public television, and also comments on the applications of communications satellites to television in both industrialized and developing nations. He predicts that in the future instructional television will be mainly carried by…

Hudson, Robert B.

90

Teaching with Television: New Evidence Supports an Old Medium  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television--public television, in particular--has come to be seen as a great educational resource for the home, but it hasn't been as widely embraced in the classroom. Thanks to a number of recent, large-scale research projects, it's time to put those concerns to rest. Not only does educational television have powerful effects on children's…

Linebarger, Deborah L.

2011-01-01

91

Television, The Book, and The Classroom: A National Seminar.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We should resist the temptation to label our times the Age of Television--it really is an era of mass communication, and books play a strong role in this process. A positive correlation between increased television viewing and the increased use of books is indicated by new highs in library circulation figures in the past two decades. Television

Stanton, Frank

92

MASTER TELEVISION ANTENNA SYSTEM.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE FURNISHING AND INSTALLATION OF TELEVISION MASTER ANTENNA SYSTEMS FOR SECONDARY AND ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS ARE GIVEN. CONTRACTOR REQUIREMENTS, EQUIPMENT, PERFORMANCE STANDARDS, AND FUNCTIONS ARE DESCRIBED. (MS)

Rhode Island State Dept. of Education, Providence.

93

Der Maori Television Service.  

E-print Network

??Die vorliegende Diplomarbeit beschäftigt sich mit dem Maori Television Service, einem indigenen Fernsehsender in Neuseeland. Der Sender wurde 2004 gegründet und trägt maßgeblich zur Förderung… (more)

Neuner, Katharina

2011-01-01

94

Sveriges Television vs.  

E-print Network

?? Abstract Författare: Stina Halvorsen, Hanna Mårtensson Handledare: Eva-Lotta Frid Titel: Sveriges Television vs. Fox News, en jämförelse av nyhetsrapporteringen kring Pakistankonflikten Ämne: Medie- och… (more)

Halvorsen, Stina

2008-01-01

95

47 CFR 73.3521 - Mutually exclusive applications for low power television, television translators and television...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mutually exclusive applications for low power television, television translators and television booster stations. 73.3521 Section 73.3521 Telecommunication FEDERAL...

2010-10-01

96

47 CFR 73.3521 - Mutually exclusive applications for low power television, television translators and television...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Telecommunication 4 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Mutually exclusive applications for low power television, television translators and television booster stations. 73.3521 Section 73.3521 Telecommunication FEDERAL...

2011-10-01

97

Community Antenna Television (CATV).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of households hooked up to cable television or community antenna television (CATV) is expanding rapidly, and Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has been developing regulations since 1962 to guide the growth of the industry. By 1965 the FCC had claimed jurisdiction over all CATV systems in the U. S. This jurisdiction was challenged…

Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

98

Science on Television  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television is frequently blamed for the problems adults face with some young people. Does television affect their understanding and behaviour? Of course it does. "Sesame Street", the most researched educational programme in the world, gave its pre-school viewers a head start in literacy that was still measurable ten years later. BBC Schools…

Stringer, John

2011-01-01

99

Cable Television and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cable television can augment educational broadcast services and also provide a level of individualized educational services not possible with either broadcasting or classroom audiovisual aids. The extra channels provided by cable television allow the following extra services for education: 1) broadcast of a multitude of programs, including delayed…

Stern, Joseph L.

100

Television: The Hidden Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television, the author asserts, is the overwhelming factor in the continuous education and socialization of people of developed nations. Examines criticism of mass media's potential for behavior modification and subconscious manipulation. Advocates alternative uses of television based on Paulo Freier's "total language" approach, to teach viewers…

Gueulette, David

1980-01-01

101

Delivering Extension to the Living Room Using Internet TV  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television is a widely adopted source for viewing educational information. Unfortunately, producing a television show on network television can be costly and time consuming. Internet TV offers Extension video content producers the opportunity to create a niche topic channel quickly and at low cost. Internet TV offers viewers a low-cost and…

Rice, Grant G., III

2014-01-01

102

Relation Between Clinical Depression Risk and Physical Activity and Time Spent Watching Television in Older Women: A 10-Year Prospective Follow-up Study  

PubMed Central

Although physical activity (PA) has been inversely associated with depressive symptoms, it is not clear whether regular PA and television watching are associated with clinical depression risk. The authors conducted a prospective analysis involving 49,821 US women from the Nurses’ Health Study who were free from depressive symptoms at baseline (1996). Information on PA was obtained from validated questionnaires completed in 1992, 1994, 1996, 1998, and 2000; analyses were conducted using the cumulative average of PA (minutes/day) with a 2-year latency period applied. Participants were asked about television-watching habits in 1992. Cox proportional hazards regression models adjusted for multiple risk factors were used to estimate relative risks of clinical depression (self-reported physician-diagnosed depression or use of antidepressants). During 10 years of follow-up (1996–2006), 6,505 incident cases of depression were documented. Higher levels of PA were associated with lower depression risk. The multivariate relative risk comparing the highest level of PA (?90 minutes/day) with the lowest (<10 minutes/day) was 0.80 (95% confidence interval: 0.70, 0.92; Ptrend < 0.001). In contrast, the risk of depression increased with increasing television-watching time. The multivariate relative risk comparing women who spent 21 hours/week or more watching television with those who spent 0–1 hour/week was 1.13 (95% confidence interval: 1.00, 1.27; Ptrend = 0.01). Analyses simultaneously considering PA and television watching suggested that both contributed independently to depression risk. PMID:21984659

Lucas, Michel; Mekary, Rania; Pan, An; Mirzaei, Fariba; O’Reilly, Éilis J.; Willett, Walter C.; Koenen, Karestan; Okereke, Olivia I.

2011-01-01

103

Television Literacy and Television vs. Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines two issues: whether different modes of presentation used by communication media require their own unique brand of literacy, and whether the consequences of one kind of literacy, e.g., television literacy and all of its skill components, may affect those of another kind. (MBR)

Salomon, Gavriel

1982-01-01

104

Digital television application manager  

Microsoft Academic Search

The future digital television will provide viewers new interactive services, e.g., Electronic Programming Guide, TV shopping, video-on-demand, etc. The set-top box needs a middleware to launch these applications before interaction and collect garbage after quitting or switching to another service. It is the application manager’s responsibility to manage the lifecycles of the services. Thus, the application manager plays a crucial

C. Peng; P. Vuorimaa

2001-01-01

105

Cable Television; A Bibliographic Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliographic review of publications in the field of cable television begins with an introduction to cable television and an outline of the history and development of cable television. Particular attention is given to the regulatory activities of the Federal Communications Commission and the unfulfilled potential of cable television. The…

Schoenung, James

106

Television and Very Young Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has recommended that children younger than 24 months of age not be exposed to television. Nevertheless, television programs and home videos are increasingly produced for very young children. This article reviews the extant research concerning television and very young children with respect to the AAP recommendation. More very young children are currently watching television

Daniel R. Anderson; Tiffany A. Pempek

2005-01-01

107

Computerized Television: New Developments in Television Production Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the notion that technological and artistic developments in the area of television production affect viewers' comprehension and appreciation of televised programs, this essay examines the impact of telecommunication advances on the industry. The first section briefly considers the technological advances of the last decade in major TV

Metallinos, Nikos

108

Television: Travesty and Truth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues against the effectiveness of the family viewing plan described in an earlier issue of the "Bulletin," and offers recommendations urging the Federal Communications Commission to assume more of a social responsibility in regulating television. (IRT)

Lagana, Joseph F.; Iannacone, George

1977-01-01

109

Television Training in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A general discussion of training programs which resulted from India's decision to expand television as a nationwide network and a vastly expanded use of educational technology within the educational system. (Author/HB)

Malik, Iqbal

1973-01-01

110

TV Tips for Parents: Using Television To Help Your Child Learn.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognizing that children watch an average of 25 hours of television per week, this booklet is designed to help parents redirect their children's television viewing to higher quality programs. Ten "tips" are provided to help parents guide their children's television (TV) viewing: (1) set your child's TV schedule; (2) get involved (in the child's…

Corporation for Public Broadcasting, Washington, DC.

111

˜TWU ON TV! “ The Transport Workers Union and television in the early 1950s and 1960s  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the first American labor unions to make significant use of the television medium was Transport Workers Union Local 100, based in New York. Under the leadership of its aggressive president, Michael J. Quill, the TWU was a familiar presence on New York television from 1950 to the time of Quill’s death in 1966. The extensive TWU collection at

Erika Gottfried

2008-01-01

112

The Impact of Cable Television in Canada on the Audiences to Canadian TV Stations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey was made of television viewing in Canada in order to show the impact of cable television on television viewing in general, with special emphasis on examining the effect on the various categories of television station ownership. The report shows the extent to which television viewing habits vary between (a) those who watch television via…

Canadian Broadcasting Corp., Ottawa (Ontario).

113

Priming the mental time line.  

PubMed

Growing experimental evidence suggests that temporal events are represented on a mental time line, spatially oriented from left to right. Support for the spatial representation of time comes mostly from studies that have used spatially organized responses. Moreover, many of these studies did not avoid possible confounds attributable to target stimuli that simultaneously convey both spatial and temporal dimensions. Here we show that task-irrelevant, lateralized visuospatial primes affect auditory duration judgments. Responses to short durations were faster when the auditory target was paired with left- than with right-sided primes, whereas responses to long durations were faster when paired with right- than with left-sided primes. Thus, when the representations of physical space and time are concurrently activated, physical space may influence time even when a lateralized, spatially encoded response is not required by the task. The time-space interaction reported here cannot be ascribed to any Spatial-Temporal Association of Response Codes effect. It supports the hypothesis that the representation of time is spatially organized, with short durations represented on the left space and longer ones on the right. PMID:22564162

Di Bono, Maria Grazia; Casarotti, Marco; Priftis, Konstantinos; Gava, Lucia; Umiltà, Carlo; Zorzi, Marco

2012-08-01

114

Maglev ready for prime time.  

SciTech Connect

Putting Maglev on Track' (Issues, Spring 1990) observed that growing airline traffic and associated delays were already significant and predicted that they would worsen. The article argued that a 300-mile-per-hour (mph) magnetic levitation (maglev) system integrated into airport and airline operations could be a part of the solution. Maglev was not ready for prime time in 1990, but it is now.

Rote, D. M.; Johnson, L. R.; Energy Systems

2003-01-01

115

UCLA Film & Television Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1965, the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (ATAS) joined forces with the UCLA Theater Arts Department to create the ATAS/UCLA Television Library. 11 years later, the UCLA Film & Television Archive was formally established, and donations began arriving from Paramount Pictures, 20th Century Fox, and other major motion picture studios. On the ATAS website, visitors can learn about upcoming screenings and lectures, along with more about the prodigious collections. The Collections area is a great place to start investigating opportunities to borrow prints, donate materials, and license media. The online exhibitions are a pip, and visitors should not miss the UCLA Preserved Silent Animation area. Here they can watch eleven different remarkable (and very rare) films, including "The Enchanted Drawing" and "Bob's Electric Theatre." Finally, visitors can connect with the Archive via a range of social media, including Twitter and YouTube.

2012-05-11

116

1979 Nielsen Report on Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Nielsen data on commercial television viewing and programming contained in this report are estimates of the audiences and other characteristics of television usage as derived from Nielsen Television Index and Nielsen Station Index measurements. Data and brief discussions are provided on the number of commercial and public stations; number of…

Nielsen (A.C.) Co., Chicago, IL.

117

Computerized Television: Technology Overshadows Aesthetics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines various technological and artistic developments in the area of television production via their potential effects on viewers' comprehension and appreciation of televised programs. Developments in television equipment are reviewed, special effects and computer graphics are discussed, and future predictions and suggestions are presented. (47…

Metallinos, Nikos

1988-01-01

118

Libraries and Television in Transition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests ways in which school, public, and special libraries can cope with television related demands, from circulating books promoted or dramatized on television to videotaping local events, as well as cooperating with local stations to provide information services to listeners. The current situation of public and cable television is also…

Jeffrey, Penny

1982-01-01

119

TELEVISION VIOLENCE AND KIDS' BEHAVIOUR  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the televised violence on children and their exposure to television violence. Since children are very visual learners, they model both the positive and negative the behaviors they see. This paper also reviews the television violence effect on the child's youth, which can also affect his or her adulthood. Some psychologists and psychiatrists feel that continued exposure to

MIRZA JAN

120

The Effect of Network and Public Television Programs on Four and Five Year Olds' Ability To Attend to Educational Tasks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effect of network and public television programs on children's: ability to attend to a task, time on task, and engagement in rough-and-tumble play. Sixty-two children were assigned to one of three groups that watched: (1) a public television program; (2) a network television program; and (3) no television and instead played with…

Geist, Eugene A.; Gibson, Marty

2000-01-01

121

Televisions, Video Privacy, and Powerline Electromagnetic Interference  

E-print Network

Televisions, Video Privacy, and Powerline Electromagnetic Interference Miro Enev University that the power supplies of modern TVs produce discernible electromagnetic interference (EMI) signatures security, electromagnetic in- terference 1. INTRODUCTION It is known that consumer electronic devices can

Matsuoka, Yoky

122

Cable Television Information.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cable television for the State of New York is discussed in detail with relation to: (1) the regents of the University of the State of New York, (2) legislation, (3) planning and proposals for franchises, (4) the Federal Communications Commission, (5) access rules, (6) a list of companies and those serving schools, and (7) federal/state/local…

New York State Education Dept. , Albany. Bureau of Mass Communications.

123

Modelling television programming choices  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper extends Waterman's application of Salop's monopolistically competitive model of circular product space to television programming, by introducing considerations of a program's breadth of appeal and consumer intensity of demand in the analysis of programming choices. The effects of external cultural benefits associated with domestic programming are also examined. Consistent with the findings of previous researchers, the model illustrates

Franco Papandrea

1997-01-01

124

Pediatrics and Cable Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department of Community Medicine of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine (New York City), in cooperation with the TelePrompTer Corporation and with funding from the Health Services and Mental Health Administration of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, has developed a bidirectional television system using coaxial cable which links…

Wallerstein, Edward; And Others

125

GPN Instructional Television Packages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides a cursory description of 22 new items available at the Great Plains National (GPN) Instructional Television Library--programs in history, geography, reading, language, and mathematics for elementary or secondary school students; course materials in accounting, management, and mathematics at college level; informative materials…

Schupbach, Paul H.

126

Children's Play and Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses adverse effects of FCC deregulation of children's television programming on children's play behavior. Discusses the difference between play and imitation, the role of high quality dramatic play in healthy child development, the popularity of war play, and use of toys to increase dramatic play. Considers ways to help children gain control…

Powell, Mark

2001-01-01

127

Television viewing and physical activity among Latino children  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Watching television and using other forms of media such as video games, computers, print, music and movies takes up a surprisingly large amount of our children’s time. U.S. children spend more time watching television than any other activity except sleep. According to a recent nationwide report on c...

128

Expanding Pedagogical Boundaries in Political Science: Teaching the Practical Art of Television Electioneering.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a project preparing students to make political advertisements for television, including details for necessary hardware, script preparation, formatting, time management, and coordination with the television studio. Includes description of each role and broadcasting jargon. (Author/CK)

Owens, Walton H.

1979-01-01

129

Mountain Plains Learning Experience Guide: Radio and T.V. Repair. Course: Television Repair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of four individualized courses included in a radio and television repair, curriculum, this course focuses on trouble-shooting procedures for both black and white and color television equipment. The course is comprised of ten units: (1) Introduction to/and Block Diagrams of Television, (2) Television Audio Section Troubles, (3) Television Video…

Arneson, R.; And Others

130

Television viewing in Thai infants and toddlers: impacts to language development and parental perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Effects of television to language development in infants and toddlers, especially in the Asian children, are inconclusive. This study aimed to (a) study time spent on television in Thai infants and toddlers (age < 2 years), (b) investigate the association between time spent on television (as recommended by the American Academy of Paediatrics (AAP), < 2 hours per day)

Nichara Ruangdaraganon; Jariya Chuthapisith; Ladda Mo-suwan; Suntree Kriweradechachai; Umaporn Udomsubpayakul; Chanpen Choprapawon

2009-01-01

131

The Public Television Library Policies and Procedures Manual 1971.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Public Television Library (PTL), an integral part of the services provided by the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), provides a national centralized storage and retrieval system for Public Television (PTV) programing distinct from the real time program offerings of the PBS interconnected network, and offers an opportunity for varied sources to…

Public Television Library, Washington, DC.

132

The Relationship between Television Viewing and Reading Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relatively few empirical studies that have concentrated on the relationship between television and children's interest and achievement in reading reflect two schools of thought. One group assumes a negative relationship, hypothesizing that time previously devoted to reading has been replaced by increased television viewing. Research in this…

Neuman, Susan B.

133

The importance of studying viewers’ perceptions of television violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the earliest days of television there has been concern about the depiction of crime and violence in programs. For a long time anxieties centered on whether examples set by television characters shown as using violence to overcome obstacles and achieve personal goals encouraged the development and display of delinquent and antisocial behaviors among viewers, especially the young and impressionable.

Barrie Gunter

1988-01-01

134

Educational and Prosocial Programming on Saturday Morning Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the educational and informational television programming provided by four major networks, ABC, CBS, NBC, and Fox. Assessed were 29 children's television programs during the 1995-1996 season. Programs were videotaped from 7:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m., a time frame when children are most likely to be in the viewing audience. A content…

Calvert, Sandra L.; And Others

135

Television noise reduction device  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A noise reduction system that divides the color video signal into its luminance and chrominance components is reported. The luminance component of a given frame is summed with the luminance component of at least one preceding frame which was stored on a disc recorder. The summation is carried out so as to achieve a signal amplitude equivalent to that of the original signal. The averaged luminance signal is then recombined with the chrominance signal to achieve a noise-reduced television signal.

Gordon, B. L.; Stamps, J. C. (inventors)

1975-01-01

136

Odessa Television Meteor Patrol  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The historical information on the photographic meteor studies in Odessa is given. A modern observational complex - television meteor patrol for recording the meteor events occurred in the Earth's atmosphere is presented. The meteor patrol instruments available and the observation methods are specified. The meteor database structure is analyzed; the statistics of meteor observations conducted from June, 2003, to December, 2010, is reported. The total number of meteor events recorded by television method using various instruments is 4276. The software package is developed including 12 programs that enable to carry out the whole cycle of processing the observation data: from preprocessing to obtaining of the orbital elements of the recorded meteor particles. The programs on the basic and non-basic observations made in Odessa and at the observation stations in Kryzhanovka village and on Snake Island are presented. We also discuss the principal tendencies in the meteor studies conducted at Odessa astronomical observatory on the basis of observation results obtained by the meteor patrol using the television method.

Gorbanev, Y. M.

137

Sexual messages during prime-time programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

Television provides a wide range of depictions that help to shape people's knowledge, beliefs, values, attitudes, and behaviors. In the realm of sexual socialization, television is thought to contribute to young people's knowledge about sexual relationships, their judgments about social norms regarding sexual activity, and their attitudes about sexual behaviors, among other influences. An increasing collection of evidence documents these

Kirstie Farrar; Dale Kunkel; Erica Biely; Keren Eyal; Rena Fandrich; Edward Donnerstein

2003-01-01

138

Social Television: Enabling Technologies and Architectures  

E-print Network

INVITED P A P E R Social Television: Enabling Technologies and Architectures The concept of TV the recent developments that will create social television experiences beyond the current generation networking; social television I. INTRODUCTION Let us look into the future: After a long day of work, Lisa

Médard, Muriel

139

Toward a Rhetorical Vision for Public Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critics contend American public television has failed to realize the potential envisioned by the Carnegie Commission on Educational Television. Using Ernest Bormann's theory of fantasy theme analysis as a framework to examine public TV reveals that American public television has been unable to develop a coherent rhetorical vision or a clear…

Stavitsky, Alan G.

140

Digital Television: Sharpening the Focus on Children. Media Now, Spring 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As television transitions from analog to digital, questions arise as to how to best meet the needs of children. What are the potential benefits of digital television? How can the technology be used to serve children and families, while at the same time protect them from possible harm? The transition to digital television offers a unique…

Espejo, Eileen; Miller, Patti

2004-01-01

141

The Relationship between Television Viewing and Obesity in Young Children: A Review of Existing Explanations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has often been proposed that young (three to six years old) children's television viewing habits contribute to early-onset obesity. Three explanations that link television viewing patterns of young children with the development of obesity are considered. First, television viewing displaces time available for physical activity, reduces energy…

Jenvey, Vickii B.

2007-01-01

142

Investigating Personality and Viewing-Motivation Correlates of Reality Television Exposure  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the personality and viewing-motivation correlates of reality television exposure. Results from a survey of 592 undergraduates showed that extroversion negatively predicted reality television exposure, whereas neuroticism was not associated with it. Both instrumental (social interaction, information, and arousal) and ritualized (relaxation, pass time, entertainment, and companionship) viewing motivations positively predicted exposure to reality television. A two-stage model

Jennifer Stevens Aubrey; Loreen Olson; Mark Fine; Todd Hauser; David Rhea; Brian Kaylor; Annie Yang

2012-01-01

143

Does Television Rot Your Brain? New Evidence from the Coleman Study. NBER Working Paper No. 12021  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We use heterogeneity in the timing of television's introduction to different local markets to identify the effect of preschool television exposure on standardized test scores later in life. Our preferred point estimate indicates that an additional year of preschool television exposure raises average test scores by about .02 standard deviations. We…

Gentzkow, Matthew; Shapiro, Jesse M.

2006-01-01

144

The Rare Case of Television Aesthetics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an apparatus for the analysis and evaluation of television by categorizing the existential media factors such as light, two- and three-dimensional screen space, time-motion, and sound. The correlation of one factor, time, with experiental phenomena such as instantaneousness and irrevocability of the moment and the complexity of the…

Zettl, Herbert

1978-01-01

145

Interactive Cable Television. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes an interactive video system developed by Active Learning Systems which utilizes a cable television (TV) network as its delivery system to transmit computer literacy lessons to high school and college students. The system consists of an IBM PC, Pioneer LDV 4000 videodisc player, and Whitney Supercircuit set up at the head end…

Active Learning Systems, Inc., Minneapolis, MN.

146

21 CFR 1020.10 - Television receivers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Television receivers. 1020.10 Section 1020...RADIATION EMITTING PRODUCTS § 1020.10 Television receivers. (a) Applicability...provisions of this section are applicable to television receivers manufactured subsequent...

2011-04-01

147

49 CFR 393.88 - Television receivers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Television receivers. 393.88 Section 393...Parts and Accessories § 393.88 Television receivers. Any motor vehicle equipped with a television viewer, screen or other means of...

2010-10-01

148

49 CFR 393.88 - Television receivers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Television receivers. 393.88 Section 393...Parts and Accessories § 393.88 Television receivers. Any motor vehicle equipped with a television viewer, screen or other means of...

2011-10-01

149

AT_TV: Broadcast Television and Radio Retrieval  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports recent work at AT&T Laboratories Cambridge to develop retrieval systems for broadcast television and radio programmes. Unlike some other systems, it does not rely on manual classification or annotation of the broadcast material; it is indexed automatically from the air. While many digital video library projects focus solely on broadcast news, we have broadened our efforts to

Timothy J. Mills; David Pye; Nicholas J. Hollinghurst; Kenneth R. Wood

2000-01-01

150

Television Commercials: How to Create Successful TV Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All the steps in making a television commercial, from conception to writing through production, are laid out, and many examples of real commercials illustrate the process. The book is directed toward those who want to write successful commercials. Subjects include the use of research in constructing and evaluating commercials, budgeting, choosing…

Wainwright, Charles Anthony

151

A Q-Analysis of Television Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documents an experiment in the application of R. H. Atkin's methodology of Q-analysis in the field of television which demonstrates how it may be applied to program schedules. A theoretical discussion illustrates the relationships between the program-time interval backcloth and the viewing patterns it can support. (Author/VT)

Johnson, J. H.

1978-01-01

152

A New Method of Television Signal Deghosting  

Microsoft Academic Search

A multipath channel in television broadcasting can result in overlaid images (ghosts) or distorted noisy images on the display and is a major problem to be overcome. We propose a method to equalize the multipath distortion for the case of digital transmission and nonminimum phase channels. The method employs noncausal allpass recursive filters operating in reversed time followed by a

Eduardo Abreu; Sanjit K. Mitra; Rossano Marchesani

1994-01-01

153

Interactive Television Advertising: A Research Agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital television and digital video recorders (DVRs) open up new possibilities for interactive television (iTV) advertising. Little is known about whether iTV advertising will be more effective than traditional linear TV advertising and what iTV ad models are more effective than others. This paper summarises the few studies that have been published so far. However, the main contribution of this

Steven Bellman; Anika Schweda; Duane Varan

2005-01-01

154

Empirical Studies on Television Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of research on television's major compositional factors was undertaken to determine the status of such research and to note the major variables involved in the structure of television pictures. It was found that such research could be grouped in four categories--lighting and color, staging, editing, and sound--and that these areas covered…

Metallinos, Nikos

155

Children's Television Workshop. Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the third quarter of 1973 (July through September) the Children's Television Workshop (CTW) evaluated old material and planned new programing. The fourth season of Sesame Street and the second season of The Electric Company were rerun through the summer by most of the public and commercial television stations that carried the shows…

Cooney, Joan Ganz

156

Television in the Australian Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) that considers the development of educational television in Australia and its impact on the educational system. Three forms of instructional television are distinguished: (1) total teaching, in which the teaching is directly related to a prescribed course; (2) supplementary…

Hawkins, Bernard

1971-01-01

157

Cable Television: Notebook Number Five.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cable television has been introduced to the public as a revolutionary development in communications, but its history, evolving structure, and present operation indicate otherwise. A few large industrial conglomerates have come to dominate the field of cable television and studies by private institutions and the regulatory activities of the Federal…

Notebook, 1973

1973-01-01

158

Color Television Signal Receiver Demodulators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a discussion of the problems and techniques involved in the design and development of color television receiver demodulators. The basic concepts of a simultaneous subcarrier color system are described as relating to the receiver demodulator problem. The particular signal specifications for field testing as proposed by the National Television System Committee are included to the extent of

D. H. Pritchard; R. N. Rhodes

1953-01-01

159

Payload operation television system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The TV system assembled is intended for laboratory experimentation which would develop operational techniques and lead to the design of space-borne TV equipment whose purpose would be to assist the astronaut-operator aboard a space station to load payload components. The TV system assembled for this program is a black and white, monocular, high performance system. The equipment consists principally of a good quality TV camera capable of high resolving power; a TV monitor; a sync generator for driving camera and monitor; and two pan/tilt units which are remotely controlled by the operator. One pan/tilt unit provides control of the pointing of the camera, the other similarly controls the position of a simulated payload.

1976-01-01

160

Apollo 16 television transmission of lunar module ascent stage liftoff  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The flame from the Apollo 16 Lunar Module 'Orion' ascent stage engine creates a kaleidoscope effect during luanr liftoff, as seen in this reproduction taken from a color television transmission made the the RCA color TV camera mounted on the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) (35163); Apollo 16 LM 'Orion' ascent stage makes its liftoff from the lunar surface at 175:44 ground elapsed time, 7:26 p.m., April 23, 1972 (35164).

1972-01-01

161

76 FR 44821 - Digital Low Power Television, Television Translator, and Television Booster Stations and To Amend...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...hard deadline of June 12, 2009 for full power stations to cease analog operations...television stations. Therefore, while all full power television stations have ceased...and released on July 15, 2011. The full text of the Second Report and Order is...

2011-07-27

162

Cultural schemas for racial identity in Canadian television advertising.  

PubMed

What meanings are attached to race in advertising? We analyze a sample of prime-time Canadian television advertising to identify cultural schemas for what it means to be White, Black, and East/Southeast Asian. Our empirical focus is on food and dining advertising. Through quantitative content analysis of associations between race and food subtypes, we show that there are systematic differences in the types of foods that groups are associated with. Through a qualitative content analysis of the commercials, we illuminate these quantitative patterns and discuss six cultural schemas for racial identity. The schemas allow for both diversity and privilege in the representation of Whites, and poignant contrasts regarding status and emotionality in the narrow representations of the other two groups. PMID:24964520

Baumann, Shyon; Ho, Loretta

2014-05-01

163

Tobacco imagery on New Zealand television 2002–2004  

PubMed Central

Considerable emphasis has been placed on the importance of tobacco imagery in the movies as one of the “drivers” of smoking among young people. Findings are presented from a content analysis of 98?hours of prime?time programming on New Zealand television 2004, identifying 152 scenes with tobacco imagery, and selected characteristics of those scenes. About one in four programmes contained tobacco imagery, most of which might be regarded as “neutral or positive”. This amounted to about two scenes containing such imagery for every hour of programming. A comparison with our earlier content analysis of programming in 2002 indicated little change in the level of tobacco imagery. The effect of this imagery in contributing to young viewers taking up smoking, and sustaining the addiction among those already smoking, deserves more research attention. PMID:16998178

McGee, Rob; Ketchel, Juanita

2006-01-01

164

Broadcasting presence: immersive television  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Being present at a live event is undeniably the most exciting way to experience any entertainment. This is true whether we are talking about a musical concert, a theatrical performance, a cricket match, or even a firework display. The ability to direct your gaze where you wish, to hear sounds from all around you, to experience the immediacy and expectation of an unscripted happening, to feel the buzz of the crowd and to smell the grass or smoke, are all sensory cues which contribute to the powerful experience of being there. This paper examines the ways in which entertainment media have attempted to recreate experiences which encourage the viewer to suspend disbelief and become part of a remote or recorded event. We introduce the concept of immersive television and look at some of the research, spanning many disciplines of science and art, which the ITC is conducting to explore the potential of this new medium.

Harrison, David; Lodge, Nicholas

2000-06-01

165

Solid state television camera  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design, fabrication, and tests of a solid state television camera using a new charge-coupled imaging device are reported. An RCA charge-coupled device arranged in a 512 by 320 format and directly compatible with EIA format standards was the sensor selected. This is a three-phase, sealed surface-channel array that has 163,840 sensor elements, which employs a vertical frame transfer system for image readout. Included are test results of the complete camera system, circuit description and changes to such circuits as a result of integration and test, maintenance and operation section, recommendations to improve the camera system, and a complete set of electrical and mechanical drawing sketches.

1976-01-01

166

Where has the doctor gone? The mediazation of medicine on Dutch television, 1961-2000.  

PubMed

Health issues and medical science receive a lot of attention on television. Of all the sciences, the European public is most interested in medicine, and the public uses television as their main source of information on science. There has been hardly any empirical research, however, into the historical development of the representation of medical science on television. The development of medical television was explored by carrying out a content analysis of Dutch non-fiction medical television programs spanning a period of 40 years. The speaking time allotted to experts has decreased over the years, while that allotted to laypeople has increased. We are seeing fewer references to sources and science and more expression of emotion and tension. The results suggest three periods of medical television: a scientific, a journalistic and a lay period. Medical television in 2000 shows a personified picture of patients against an instrumentalized and symbolized medical backdrop. PMID:19244867

Verhoeven, Piet

2008-10-01

167

Television Receivership Skills: The New Social Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature relating television viewing to the cognitive, social, moral, and behavioral development of children can be divided into three general areas: investigations of the relationship between televised violence and aggressive behavior, studies of television as an agent of consumer socialization, and examinations of the role of television as…

Anderson, James A.; Ploghoft, Milton E.

168

The "Checkers" Speech and Televised Political Communication.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Richard Nixon's 1952 "Checkers" speech was an innovative use of television for political communication. Like television news itself, the campaign fund crisis behind the speech can be thought of in the same terms as other television melodrama, with the speech serving as its climactic episode. The speech adapted well to television because it was…

Flaningam, Carl

169

Social Media Television in Today's Cable Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The communication tools of the Internet and community tools of social networking have begun to transform the viewers' interaction with television. While many of these changes are seen as exclusive to Web video and direct to consumer television service offerings, these features can be supported on traditional cable television infrastructure. The cable television infrastructure offers the opportunity to deliver this

J. B. Carlucci

2010-01-01

170

Television and the American Family. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Noting drastic changes in both television and the family since the 1990 edition, this revised volume provides an extensive consideration of television's role in the American family, from the uses families make of television and how extensions such as remote controls and VCRs affect usage, to the meanings families have for television, families'…

Bryant, Jennings, Ed.; Bryant, J. Alison, Ed.

171

Agent + Image : how the television image estabilizes identity in TV spy series  

E-print Network

This thesis explores the intersection of the television image with the presentation of self-identity. I examine two TV series in the spy genre -- Alias (2001 - 2006) and The Prisoner (1967 - 1968) -- discussing how each ...

Bidlingmeyer, Lisa Marie

2007-01-01

172

Television Transmission Technology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The VKP-7990 Multistage Depressed Collector (MDC) Klystron is a result of cooperative development by Varian Associates, Inc., the National Association of Broadcasters, Lewis Research Center, the Public Broadcasting System and TV transmitter manufacturers. The effort was initiated to make power amplifying devices with efficiencies comparable to VHF available to UHF operators. The klystron is a vacuum tube used to generate and amplify ultrahigh frequencies but at low efficiencies because most of the energy is dissipated as waste heat. Lewis had earlier developed the MDC to enhance the efficiency of communications satellite transmissions. Varian Microwave Power Tube Products, which has since become Communications and Power Industries, and Lewis combined the MDC and the klystron, resulting in a product which increases efficiency by recovering some of the residual energy that normally would be lost as heat. The MDC klystron cuts the electric power consumption of UHF-TV transmitters in half; there are 90 units in operation in 36 UHF-TV stations.

1996-01-01

173

Teaching Introductory College Geology by Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document supports the use of instructional television particularly as an alternative to the large lecture hall classes. The geology program at the University of Arizona consisting of television presentations from 1962 to 1970 is reviewed, including the history of the program, course description, attendance, course organization, TV facilities,…

Bowen, John E.; And Others

174

Are Television News Programs Becoming Nothing More Than Infotainment?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The money driven, have-it-done-by-yesterday world Americans live in takes no prisoners, and television news is certainly no exception. Driven by profits and struggling to keep up with the busy American with a short attention span and even shorter amount of free time, it seems broadcast television news programs have resorted to a man bites dog, blood and guts, celebrity format.

Nicole Morell

2007-01-01

175

Television in Your Room What You Need  

E-print Network

television available. Cable TV Service Arizona State University provides the equivalent of "expanded basic and turn the TV power on. 3. Configure your set to receive CABLE or CATV signals, usually accessed through directions for your set. Your TV should now receive all campus channels. If you feel there is a problem

Rhoads, James

176

Comparison of VLBI, TV and traveling clock techniques for time transfer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A three part experiment was conducted to develop and compare time transfer techniques. The experiment consisted of (1) a very long baseline interferometer (VLBI), (2) a high precision portable clock time transfer system between the two sites, and (3) a television time transfer. A comparison of the VLBI and traveling clock shows each technique can perform satisfactorily at the five nsec level. There was a systematic offset of 59 nsec between the two methods, which we attributed to a difference in epochs between VLBI formatter and station clock. The VLBI method had an internal random error of one nsec at the three sigma level for a two day period. Thus, the Mark II system performed well, and VLBI shows promise of being an accurate method of time transfer. The TV system, which had technical problems during the experiment, transferred time with a random error of about 50 nsec.

Spencer, J. H.; Waltman, E. B.; Johnston, K. J.; Santini, N. J.; Klepczynski, W. J.; Matsakis, D. N.; Angerhofer, P. E.; Kaplan, G. M.

1982-01-01

177

Pyrolysis of waste plastic crusts of televisions.  

PubMed

The disposal of waste plastic crusts of televisions is an issue that is gaining increasing interest around the world. In this investigation, the pyrolysis and catalytic cracking of the waste television crusts mainly composed of acrylonitrile--butadiene-styrene copolymer was studied. Thermogravimetric analysis was used for initial characterization of the pyrolysis of the waste plastic, but most of the investigations were carried out using a 600 mL tubing reactor. Effects of temperature, reaction time and catalyst on the pyrolysis of the waste television crusts were investigated. The results showed that the oil yield increased with increasing temperature or with prolongation of reaction time. With increasing temperature, the generating percentage of gasoline and diesel oil increased, but the heavy oil yield decreased. Zinc oxide, iron oxide and fluid catalytic cracking catalyst (FCC catalyst) were employed to perform a series of experiments. It was demonstrated that the liquid product was markedly improved and the reaction temperature decreased 100 degrees C when FCC was used. The composition ofpyrolysis oils was analysed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and they contained 36.49% styrene, 19.72% benzenebutanenitrile, 12.1% alpha-methylstyrene and 9.69% dimethylbenzene. PMID:23240191

Liu, Xinmin; Wang, Zhen; Xu, Dongyan; Guo, Qingjie

2012-09-01

178

TV Characters at Work: Television's Role in the Occupational Aspirations of Economically Disadvantaged Youths  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television regularly depicts work-related activities of fictional characters and is one of several important sources of occupational information for young people. However, no research appears to have examined the influence of televised occupational portrayals on economically disadvantaged youths, although television may be an especially important…

Hoffner, Cynthia A.; Levine, Kenneth J.; Sullivan, Quintin E.; Crowell, Dennis; Pedrick, Laura; Berndt, Patricia

2006-01-01

179

Time-average TV holography for vibration fringe analysis  

SciTech Connect

Time-average TV holography is widely used method for vibration measurement. The method generates speckle correlation time-averaged J0 fringes that can be used for full-field qualitative visualization of mode shapes at resonant frequencies of an object under harmonic excitation. In order to map the amplitudes of vibration, quantitative evaluation of the time-averaged fringe pattern is desired. A quantitative evaluation procedure based on the phase-shifting technique used in two beam interferometry has also been adopted for this application with some modification. The existing procedure requires a large number of frames to be recorded for implementation. We propose a procedure that will reduce the number of frames required for the analysis. The TV holographic system used and the experimental results obtained with it on an edge-clamped, sinusoidally excited square aluminium plate sample are discussed.

Kumar, Upputuri Paul; Kalyani, Yanam; Mohan, Nandigana Krishna; Kothiyal, Mahendra Prasad

2009-06-01

180

47 CFR 76.59 - Modification of television markets.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Carriage...the television market of a particular commercial television broadcast station should...delete from carriage the signal of a commercial television station during the...

2010-10-01

181

75 FR 25119 - Television Broadcasting Services; Seaford, DE  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. 09-230; RM-11586] Television Broadcasting Services; Seaford, DE...than one very high frequency commercial television channel to each State, if technically...List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. 0 For...

2010-05-07

182

75 FR 3695 - Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...MB Docket No. 10-21; RM-11590] Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham...rulemaking filed by Alabama Educational Television Commission (``AETC''), the licensee...List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For...

2010-01-22

183

76 FR 52632 - Television Broadcasting Services; Panama City, FL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...11-140, RM-11638; DA 11-1413] Television Broadcasting Services; Panama City...petition for rulemaking filed by Gray Television Licensee, LLC (``Gray''), the...List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting....

2011-08-23

184

75 FR 10692 - Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...MB Docket No. 10-21; RM-11590] Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham...rulemaking filed by Alabama Educational Television Commission, the licensee of noncommercial...List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. 0 For...

2010-03-09

185

75 FR 13681 - Television Broadcasting Services; Atlantic City, NJ  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. 09-231; RM-11587] Television Broadcasting Services; Atlantic City...than one very high frequency commercial television channel to each State, if technically...List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. 0 For...

2010-03-23

186

Business intelligence from Twitter for the television media: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twitter, the social network service, is a rich source of information on customer response to a live event such as a television show. In this paper we present a case study where we analyzed publicly available tweets that were posted when a popular TV show was aired for the first time in a season. We use standard text-mining techniques to

Jayanth Marasanapalle; T. S. Vignesh; P. K. Srinivasan; A. Saha

2010-01-01

187

Priming the Mental Time Line  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing experimental evidence suggests that temporal events are represented on a mental time line, spatially oriented from left to right. Support for the spatial representation of time comes mostly from studies that have used spatially organized responses. Moreover, many of these studies did not avoid possible confounds attributable to target…

Di Bono, Maria Grazia; Casarotti, Marco; Priftis, Konstantinos; Gava, Lucia; Umilta, Carlo; Zorzi, Marco

2012-01-01

188

The Impact of Internet and Television Use on the Reading Habits and Practices of College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How much time do college students spend reading for recreational and academic purposes? Do Internet and television use displace or interfere with reading time? In this study, we used an innovative time-diary survey method to explore whether the time students spend on the Internet or watching television displaces time that would be spent reading…

Mokhtari, Kouider; Reichard, Carla A.; Gardner, Anne

2009-01-01

189

TV Bullies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Childhood bullying is an age-old problem that's drawing more and more concern from parents. A recent study identified several factors that influence a child's chance of becoming a bully. Four-year-old children who watch a lot of television are more likely to become bullies later in life. That's according to University of Washington public health professor Fred Zimmerman. The research looks at how much television influence a child's behavior. This Science Update looks at the research, which leads to the findings presented and offers links to other sources for further inquiry and a Science New York Times lesson plan geared towards grades 6-12.

American Association for the Advancement of Science (; )

2005-05-09

190

Interactive Television in a world without channels a prototype.  

E-print Network

have invested in interactive television (iTV) services to enhance their output. Non-linear broadcasting [Merryman & Wootton, 2003] which outlined our work on providing Interactive Television (iTV) news servicesInteractive Television in a world without channels ­ a prototype. Russell Merryman BBC News

Masthoff, Judith

191

Television in the Schools: Instructional Television and Educational Media Resources at the National Public Broadcasting Archives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1964, in "A Guide to Instructional Television," editor Robert M. Diamond defined "educational television" as a "broad term usually applied to cultural and community broadcasting which may include some programs for in-school use" (p. 278). His definition for instructional television was "television used within the formal classroom context on any…

King, Karen

2008-01-01

192

Narrow-band FM system for television links: Interference between FM and AM television signals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Band V FM television links used for television outside broadcasts have suffered more and more from interference as the network of UHF television broadcasting transmitters has expanded. There is also thought to be an increasing danger that Band V Links will cause interference to broadcast television reception. Experimental work was carried out to determine whether reducing the bandwidth of

N. H. C. Gilchrist; A. G. Lyner

1978-01-01

193

Digital television system design study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of digital techniques for transmission of pictorial data is discussed for multi-frame images (television). Video signals are processed in a manner which includes quantization and coding such that they are separable from the noise introduced into the channel. The performance of digital television systems is determined by the nature of the processing techniques (i.e., whether the video signal itself or, instead, something related to the video signal is quantized and coded) and to the quantization and coding schemes employed.

Huth, G. K.

1976-01-01

194

Doctors on display: the evolution of television's doctors  

PubMed Central

Doctors have been portrayed on television for over 50 years. In that time, their character has undergone significant changes, evolving from caring but infallible supermen with smoldering good looks and impeccable bedside manners to drug-addicted, sex-obsessed antiheroes. This article summarizes the major programs of the genre and explains the pattern of the TV doctors' character changes. Articulated over time in the many permutations of the doctor character is a complex, constant conversation between viewer and viewed representing public attitudes towards doctors, medicine, and science. PMID:20944763

2010-01-01

195

Introduction: Comparative European Perspectives on Television History  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is currently no scholarly study of European television history. There are books on international television history (for example, Hilmes & Jacobs 2003, Smith & Paterson 1998), but these are compilations of separately authored chapters on national television histories without a common ground of shared questions or methodological reflections. In order to facilitate study of the complex and disparate development

Jonathan Bignell; Andreas Fickers

196

CATV; A History of Community Antenna Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development of community antenna television (CATV) is traced from its beginnings in various local efforts to bring television to areas of poor reception. The history of federal, state, and municipal regulatory practices and problems are examined, and the potential applications of cable television are discussed in some detail. (JY)

Phillips, Mary Alice Mayer

197

Archiving Television: The State of the Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television archiving is a new field involving the tasks of sorting, preserving, and filing in order to make records available to future historians. Only 5% of all television programing since 1948 exists today on tape or kinescope. Prior to 1968, not even the networks kept a comprehensive file of news shows. Although the DuMont Television Network…

Zimmerman, Donald

198

Predictors for the Effects of Televised Executions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the controversy that has traditionally surrounded the issue of capital punishment. When a Texas television reporter sought permission to televise the execution of a convicted murderer by lethal injection in 1983, arguments were advanced both for and against televising executions. A recent poll shows that 84% of Americans…

McEnteer, James B.

199

The Selling of Cable Television 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1972 Cable Television Marketing Workshop reviewed in depth a wide variety of marketing and public relations techniques as they pertain to cable television. The workshop was attended by representatives of commercial television systems throughout the United States; it was intended to disseminate the sales and marketing experience of those…

National Cable Television Association, Inc., Washington, DC.

200

BETTER CLOSED CIRUIT TELEVISION VIA BETTER LIGHTING.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

LIGHTING IS A VERY IMPORTANT ASPECT OF CLOSED-CIRUIT TELEVISION OPERATION. BETTER TELEVISION LIGHTING IS OBTAINED THROUGH CAREFUL PLANNING AND PURCHASING. SEVERAL IMPORTANT FACTS ABOUT THE PRACTICAL EDUCATIONAL APPLICATION OF LIGHTING IN A CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION STUDIO ARE PRESENTED. IN EARLY STAGES, LIGHTS WERE USED FOR PORTABLE ARRANGEMENTS.…

BRIER, JAMES

201

Television and Oracy: A Psychological Viewpoint.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Australian studies show that television assists in the socialization of immigrants, changing and shaping their self-images and perceptions of reality and fostering their interpersonal communication skills. Studies conducted to evaluate the introduction of television have found that television helps in the vocabulary development of young children.…

Noble, Grant

202

Proceedings of the Symposium on Cable Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The papers given at a symposium on cable television (CATV) are collected in this volume. The chairman of the symposium notes that "the phrase 'cable television' is not totally pertinent since we are talking about a wired-city concept that may encompass many services other than television." He prefers the term "broadband communications network,"…

Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, Inc., New York, NY.

203

Television Planning in the 1952 Eisenhower Campaign.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report of a study of the activities of a secret planning board, formed to promote the nomination of Dwight Eisenhower through the intensive use of television, concludes that the significance of television planning in the 1952 Eisenhower campaign had less to do with the outcome of the election than with the first massive use of television with…

Barkin, Steve M.

204

Seeking Solutions to Violence on Children's Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the transcripts from a workshop to investigate strategies to use in dealing with violence on children's television. The papers given by outside experts include: (1) "Effect of Television Violence on Children and Youth" by Michael Rothenberg, (2) "Implications of the Psychological Effects of Television Programming on Black…

Committee on Children's Television, San Francisco, CA.

205

Digital Television: The Future of Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Digital technology has turned a new page for television broadcasting. The convergence of television and computer has brought about powerful effects to television viewing experiences. Digital broadcasting combined with the Internet is conceived as a new driving force that will change the mode of learning in the very near future. Many educators…

Maushak, Nancy; Cheng, Yahua; Wang, Hsi-chih

206

Liveness in Reality Television and Factual Broadcasting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emergence of reality TV and the use of live-shot material in documentary programs are salient features of contemporary television, raising a variety of challenges for critical analysis. We present here a number of pieces that reflect on “liveness” in different genres (reality TV, news, and documentary) from diverse theoretical perspectives. In the first paper, Peter Lunt introduces the papers

Peter Lunt

2004-01-01

207

Concerned Parents Speak Out On Children's Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research investigated parents' opinions about children's television (TV). Questionnaire respondents were mainly parents of children ages 2-6; mothers outnumbered fathers 9:1. Results included the findings that children watched TV an average of three hours a day; this varied little throughout the country and between those viewing Public…

Barcus, F. Earle

208

Tapping the television cable.  

PubMed

Immediate access to patient data is essential to support good clinical decision making and support. However, away from the surgery, the doctor is currently unable to have any access to the clinical database. Solutions exist to support remote access, such as modems or radio data networks, but these are slow, with typical speeds in the 2-10 kbaud region. We propose a novel solution, to use the TV cable already installed in many homes. Using this technology, a suitably equipped computer (RF modern) is capable of connecting at speeds in excess of 500 kbaud and will run applications in exactly the same way as if connected to a surgery network: the cable TV becomes a LAN, but on a metropolitan scale. Brunel University, in collaboration with the Cable Corporation, has been piloting such a network. Issues include not only levels of service, but also security on the network and access, since the data are being effectively received in every home. However, close scrutiny of channel use can create closed networks reserved for specific users. The technology involves use of an RF modem to transmit data on a reverse channel (based at 16 MHz) on each subnet to a router at the head end of the cable network. This frequency translates the packet and retransmits it to all the subnets on a forward channel (based at 178 MHz). Each channel occupies the bandwidth normally allocated to one TV channel. Access is based on a modified CSMA/CD protocol, so treating the cable network as single multiple access network. The modem comes as a standard card installed in a PC and appears much as an ethernet card, but at reduced speed. With an NDIS driver it is quite able to support almost any network software, and has successfully demonstrated Novell and TCP/IP. We describe the HomeWorker network and the results from a pilot study being undertaken to determine the performance of the system and its impact on working practice. PMID:9375105

Clarke, M; Findlay, A; Canac, J F; Vergez, A

1996-01-01

209

Television viewing associated with adverse dietary outcomes in children ages 2-6  

PubMed Central

The aim of this paper was to systematically review the evidence for the association between television viewing and diet in children ages 2-6. Data sources included PubMed, PsychINFO, EMBASE, ERIC, SportDISCUS, Sociological Abstracts, Web of Science, and hand searches of reference lists of relevant articles. Twelve studies were reviewed in which the relationship between television viewing and diet was assessed in children between the ages of two and six. All but one study reported significant relationship between television viewing time and adverse dietary outcomes. Parent-reported television viewing time was used to assay child television viewing in all included studies. Food frequency survey was the most frequent method of dietary assessment, and parent served as proxies for children in all studies. Lower fruit and/or vegetable intake was the most frequently reported dietary outcome, followed by increased energy intake with increased television viewing. The majority of studies reported adverse dietary outcomes with as little as 1 hours of daily television exposure. While these results are consistent with recommendations from child health advocates to limit television viewing in young children, they also suggest that further efforts to limit television viewing in young children may be needed to aid in obesity prevention. PMID:22958789

Ford, Christopher; Ward, Dianne; White, Mary

2014-01-01

210

Children, Radio and Television--Now and in the Future.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes aspects of television and radio broadcasting in Sweden. Particular attention is given to children's programs, children's viewing patterns, the influence of TV on children, and how to improve the quality of radio and television programs. (Author/SS)

Von Feilitzen, Cecilia; And Others

1980-01-01

211

76 FR 44280 - Television Broadcasting Services; El Paso, TX  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...RM-11630, DA 11-1185] Television Broadcasting Services...experienced extensive signal coverage problems on channel 7 following...public's digital signal reception from KVIA-TV...Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television. Federal...

2011-07-25

212

78 FR 12967 - Establishment of Class A TV Service and Cable Television Rate Regulation; Cost of Service Rules...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...FCC 95-502] Establishment of Class A TV Service and Cable Television Rate Regulation; Cost of Service Rules--Clarification...requirements related to Establishment of Class A TV Service and Cable Television Rate Regulation; Cost of Service Rules, which were...

2013-02-26

213

Media Training Television Department of  

E-print Network

Media Training ­ Television Department of University Communications #12;A bridging phrase helps you that needs to be addressed is... 2. ...What's even more important to discuss is... 3. ... I'd like to talk, multidisciplinary agent of change Location ­ Proximity to government, business, culture, hightech. Engagement

Carleton University

214

Television Advertising and Soda Demand  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effects of television advertising on consumer demand for carbonated soft drinks using a random coefficients logit model (BLP) with household and advertising data from seven U.S. cities over a three year period. We find that advertising decreases the price elasticity of demand, indicating that advertising plays predominantly a persuasive, therefore anti-competitive role in this market. Further

Rigoberto A. Lopez; Yizao Liu; Chen Zhu

2012-01-01

215

Cable Television and Public Safety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the most promising applications of cable television (CATV) is municipal surveillance of public areas for protection against crime, fire detection, control of air pollution, and traffic. Thus far, however, the CATV industry has made minimal efforts to realize the potential of CATV for community protection--the use of cable for public safety…

Cranberg, Gilbert

216

Biometric Communication Research for Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Biometric communication research is defined as research dealing with the information impact of a film or television show, photographic picture, painting, exhibition, display, or any literary or functional texts or verbal stimuli on human beings, both as individuals and in groups (mass audiences). Biometric communication research consists of a…

Malik, M. F.

217

Trends in International Television Flow  

Microsoft Academic Search

International life and politics today are marked by globalization and regionalization. Furthermore, the ideological components of international relations seem to grow in importance. On the basis of empirical data from 1973 and 1983, this article analyzes the amount, nature and trends of the present international flow of television programs as part of these processes. The survey was carried out in

Tapio Varis

1986-01-01

218

Dictionary of Radio and Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dictionary presents definitions of both the well-established terms and many new ones that have come into use with the advances that have taken place in the fields of radio and television. In many cases extended definitions are given in order to describe briefly elementary principles and circuits, while newer and more complex devices and…

Pannett, W. E.

219

Sexuality, Television and Broadcast Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph provides a rationale for contemporary guidelines for the television and broadcast network management of sexual content in proposed progam materials. Beginning with a brief outline of the professional practices and responsibilities of broadcast standards editors, it then explores the relationships between sexual development,…

Heller, Melvin S.

220

Brand placement in scripted and non-scripted Belgian and US programs on Belgian prime time television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on an extensive literature review into the characteristics of brand placements and their possible link to placement effectiveness, a brand placement coding framework is developed which, besides program genre and origin, registers the frequency and presence of three essential brand placement characteristics: (1) modality type; (2) prominence level; and (3) plot connection level. As such, this coding instrument can

Marijke Wouters; Patrick de Pelsmacker

2010-01-01

221

76 FR 20248 - Television Broadcasting Services; Decatur, IL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...RM-11615, DA 11-572] Television Broadcasting Services; Decatur, IL AGENCY: Federal...petition for rulemaking filed by WAND(TV) Partnership (``WAND(TV)''), the licensee of WAND(TV), Decatur, Illinois, requesting...

2011-04-12

222

Television Uses and Gratifications: The Interactions of Viewing Patterns and Motivations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of the relationship between viewing motivation and viewing patterns among young adult television viewers identifies nine motivational categories: relaxation, companionship, habit, time passing, entertainment, social interaction, information, arousal, and escape. Two basic types of television use are described as time consumption and…

Rubin, Alan M.

1983-01-01

223

75 FR 63766 - Digital Low Power Television, Television Translator, and Television Booster Stations and Digital...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...September 17, 2010. The full text of this document is...Acrobat.) The complete text may be purchased...should include their full name, U.S. Postal...emission mask used by full power television stations...g) introductory text to read as...

2010-10-18

224

High-definition real-time depth-mapping TV camera: HDTV Axi-Vision Camera  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have developed a field-worthy, high-definition, real-time depth-mapping television camera called the HDTV Axi-Vision Camera. The camera can simultaneously capture both an ordinary HDTV color image and a depth image of objects on more than 1280 × 720 pixels at a frame rate of 29.97 Hz, or on 853 × 480 pixels at a frame rate of 59.94 Hz. The

Masahiro Kawakita; Keigo Iizuka; Haruhito Nakamura; Itaru Mizuno; Taiichirou Kurita; Tahito Aida; Yuko Yamanouchi; Hideki Mitsumine; Takashi Fukaya; Hiroshi Kikuchi; Fumio Sato

2004-01-01

225

It's Better on TV: Does Television Set Teenagers Up for Regret Following Sexual Initiation?  

PubMed Central

Context Approximately two-thirds of all sexually experienced teenagers in the United States say they wish they had waited longer to have sexual intercourse for the first time. Little is known, though, about why such a large proportion of teenagers express disappointment about the timing of their initial experience with sexual intercourse. Methods Using data from a national longitudinal survey of adolescents (12-17 year olds followed to ages 15-20), we tested for a prospective association between exposure to sex on television and the likelihood of regret following sexual initiation, analyzed the mediating role of shifts in sex-related outcome expectancies from pre- to post-initiation, and investigated gender differences in these relationships. Results Among males (but not females), we found that greater exposure to sexual content on television was associated with an increased likelihood of regret following sexual initiation, an association partly explained by a downward shift in males' sex-related outcome expectancies following sexual initiation. Conclusions These findings, which offer insight into the contextual factors and processes that may foster initiation regret, could be important for advancing critical decision-making by youth about sexual debut. PMID:19493218

Martino, Steven C.; Collins, Rebecca L.; Elliott, Marc N.; Kanouse, David E.; Berry, Sandra H.

2010-01-01

226

TV2--The Introduction of Television for Blacks in South Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proposed form, content, and funding of South Africa's second television channel (TV2) are examined in this paper. Noting that the service is designed for the country's black majority population, the paper points out that it is nonetheless controlled by the white-dominated South African Broadcasting Corporation. Following a brief outline of the…

Jackson, Gordon

227

Development and Current Issues of Interactive Television in the UK  

E-print Network

gives a brief history of television and the development of interactivity on TV. It also describes how. The author concludes that despite all the problems and critiques, interactive TV has achieved a lot of interactive television, development of the TV platforms, digital and interactive technologies, interactive

Masthoff, Judith

228

Regulatory axes on food advertising to children on television  

PubMed Central

This article describes and evaluates some of the criteria on the basis of which food advertising to children on television could be regulated, including controls that revolve around the type of television programme, the type of product, the target audience and the time of day. Each of these criteria potentially functions as a conceptual device or "axis" around which regulation rotates. The article considers examples from a variety of jurisdictions around the world, including Sweden and Quebec. The article argues that restrictions centring on the time of day when a substantial proportion of children are expected to be watching television are likely to be the easiest for consumers to understand, and the most effective in limiting children's exposure to advertising. PMID:19159485

Handsley, Elizabeth; Mehta, Kaye; Coveney, John; Nehmy, Chris

2009-01-01

229

Infant and Mother-Infant Play and the Presence of the Television  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Forty-eight middle-class mothers answered questionnaires about their 11-through 18-month-old infants' typical television watching and interest, the frequency and duration of their independent play with toys and dyadic play with and without toys, and whether the television was typically on or not on in the room at the time. Mothers reported that…

Masur, Elise Frank; Flynn, Valerie

2008-01-01

230

Television for the Promotion of Health and Nutrition Information--A Study of Indian Urban Viewers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study of urban television viewers in India that examined television as an educational medium for promoting health and nutrition information. Data are reported on audience characteristics, viewing patterns and times, special audience programs, health and nutrition programs, format preferences, and audience reaction. (EAM)

Saibaba, A.; And Others

1993-01-01

231

[Amount and quality of food advertisement on Brazilian television].  

PubMed

The main objective of the study was to analyze the amount and quality of food advertisement on Brazilian television in three different times of the day. The results showed that food products, when compared to other products, were the most frequently advertised, regardless of the time of the day in a given week analyzed. Television promotes food predominantly high in fat and/or sugar and salt. The large number of high fat and/or sugar and salt products advertised can contribute to changing food habits of children and teenagers, and increasing the incidence of obesity in the population. PMID:12131977

Almeida, Sebastião de Sousa; Nascimento, Paula Carolina B D; Quaioti, Teresa Cristina Bolzan

2002-06-01

232

The terrible truth about toppling televisions  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE To determine the profile of children’s injuries resulting from television tipovers and to evaluate the potential in a paediatric health centre for television sets to be tipped by young children. DESIGN The present study was conducted by case report review, a retrospective audit of a regional subset of the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program database, and prospective testing of all child-accessible television sets for potential tipping using a static model of a climbing child. SETTING Children attending the emergency department of a regional paediatric health centre who reported injuries resulting from a television tipover to the Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program were studied. All child-accessible television sets within the same regional paediatric health centre were included in the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES The main study outcome measures were the demographics and profile of television tipover injuries encountered, and the failure rate of child-accessible televisions to maintain stability when tested using a static model of a climbing child (four years of age at the 90th weight percentile). RESULTS At least 104 children reported injuries related to televisions tipovers between 1990 and 2002. The majority occurred in two-to four-year-old children, and 61% occurred in boys. The most common areas to be injured were the head and neck. Within the hospital, 90% of child-accessible televisions were tippable by children four years of age or younger. CONCLUSIONS Television tipovers have the potential to cause significant childhood injuries. Because television sets were not safely maintained within one paediatric health centre, one can only speculate about television safety in homes. Parents need to be educated about this injury risk, and standards for the anchoring of televisions are needed. PMID:19030363

Dotchin, Stephanie A; Gordon, Kevin E

2007-01-01

233

Future development of instructional television  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The use of television in schools as an aid to instruction is proposed for individualized instruction, repetition for slow learners, acceleration for fast learners, and lectures from the best teachers for all students. A dedicated school district cable system, a 40 channel cable to each school and classroom, is considered. This innovation offers an opportunity for improving the quality and content of the school's instruction and for reducing the cost.

Barnett, H. J.; Denzau, A. T.; Dumolin, J. R.; Singh, J. P.

1971-01-01

234

Performance of Hybrid Positioning System Combining GPS and Television Signals  

E-print Network

solutions to this problem is the adoption of powerful terrestrial signals such as television, Wi the benefits of a hybrid positioning system combining GPS and television signals, a prototype of TV signalPerformance of Hybrid Positioning System Combining GPS and Television Signals Ju-Yong Do Electrical

Stanford University

235

Children's Television in Canada/La Television pour L'Enfant au Canada.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews existing Canadian television networks, their hours of programing and amount of Canadian content, then focuses on programing for children including advertising regulations. Growing interest in television research on cognitive and achievement patterns is cited. (RAO)

Caron, Andre

1978-01-01

236

Changes in Television and Magazine Exposure and Eating Disorder Symptomatology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between girls' media exposure and their development of eating disorder symptomatology was assessed. At Time 1 and Time 2 (16 months later), participants (N = 374; M age = 12.0) completed a questionnaire that assessed eating disorder sympto-matology and television and fashion magazine exposure. Girls were divided into 3 groups: increased, decreased, or no change in eating disorder

Kimberley K. Vaughan; Gregory T. Fouts

2003-01-01

237

Does television reflect the evolution of scientific knowledge? The case of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder coverage on French television.  

PubMed

Biomedical findings mature from uncertain observations to validated facts. Although subsequent studies often refute initial appealing findings, newspapers privilege the latter and often fail to cover refutations. Thus, biomedical knowledge and media reporting may diverge with time. Here we investigated how French television reported on three scientific questions relative to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from 1995 to 2010: i) is ADHD mainly genetic in origin, ii) does methylphenidate treatment decrease the risk of academic underachievement, and iii) are brain imaging techniques able to reveal ADHD in individual patients? Although scientific evidence regarding these questions has evolved during these 16 years, we observed that nine out of ten TV programs broadcast between 2007 and 2010 still expressed only opinions against the current scientific consensuses. The failure of TV programs to reflect the evolution of the scientific knowledge might be related to a biased selection of medical experts. PMID:23825292

Bourdaa, Mélanie; Konsman, Jan Pieter; Sécail, Claire; Venturini, Tommaso; Veyrat-Masson, Isabelle; Gonon, Francois

2015-02-01

238

Interactive Television social use or individual control?  

E-print Network

Interactive Television ­ social use or individual control? Tove Arendt Rasmussen PhD Associate insights into TV as a medium, viewed in the light of the changing day-to-day practice of the media a constructive critical approach based on assessments made by a group of viewers/users of the communicative

Masthoff, Judith

239

Television viewing through ages 2-5 years and bullying involvement in early elementary school  

PubMed Central

Background High television exposure time at young age has been described as a potential risk factor for developing behavioral problems. However, less is known about the effects of preschool television on subsequent bullying involvement. We examined the association between television viewing time through ages 2-5 and bullying involvement in the first grades of elementary school. We hypothesized that high television exposure increases the risk of bullying involvement. Method TV viewing time was assessed repeatedly in early childhood using parental report. To combine these repeated assessments we used latent class analysis. Four exposure classes were identified and labeled “low”, “mid-low”, “mid-high” and “high”. Bullying involvement was assessed by teacher questionnaire (n?=?3423, mean age 6.8 years). Additionally, peer/self-report of bullying involvement was obtained using a peer nomination procedure (n?=?1176, mean age 7.6 years). We examined child risk of being a bully, victim or a bully-victim (compared to being uninvolved in bullying). Results High television exposure class was associated with elevated risks of bullying and victimization. Also, in both teacher- and child-reported data, children in the high television exposure class were more likely to be a bully-victim (OR?=?2.11, 95% CI: 1.42-3.13 and OR?=?3.68, 95% CI: 1.75-7.74 respectively). However, all univariate effect estimates attenuated and were no longer statistically significant once adjusted for maternal and child covariates. Conclusions The association between television viewing time through ages 2-5 and bullying involvement in early elementary school is confounded by maternal and child socio-demographic characteristics. PMID:24520886

2014-01-01

240

Selecting Television Programs for Language Learning: Investigating Television Programs from the Same Genre  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scripts of 288 television episodes were analysed to determine the extent to which vocabulary reoccurs in television programs from the same subgenres and unrelated television programs from different genres. Episodes from two programs from each of the following three subgenres of the American drama genre: medical, spy/action, and criminal…

Webb, Stuart

2011-01-01

241

47 CFR 76.612 - Cable television frequency separation standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cable television frequency separation standards. 76...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.612 Cable television frequency separation standards....

2011-10-01

242

76 FR 5119 - Television Broadcasting Services; Jackson, MS  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DA 11-96; MB Docket No. 11-8; RM-11618] Television Broadcasting Services; Jackson, MS AGENCY: Federal...and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2011-01-28

243

76 FR 66250 - Television Broadcasting Services; Cleveland, OH  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...11-159, RM-11644; DA 11-1690] Television Broadcasting Services; Cleveland, OH...petition for rulemaking filed by Community Television of Ohio License, LLC (``Community Television''), the licensee of station WJW...

2011-10-26

244

75 FR 9859 - Television Broadcasting Services; Beaumont, TX  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...10-307; MB Docket No. 10-49; RM-11593] Television Broadcasting Services; Beaumont, TX AGENCY: Federal...and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2010-03-04

245

47 CFR 76.1630 - MVPD digital television transition notices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false MVPD digital television transition notices. 76.1630 Section...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1630 MVPD digital television transition notices. (a)...

2011-10-01

246

76 FR 54188 - Television Broadcasting Services; Montgomery, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. 11-137, RM-11637; DA 11-1414] Television Broadcasting Services; Montgomery, AL AGENCY...and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. Federal Communications...

2011-08-31

247

47 CFR 76.403 - Cable television system reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cable television system reports. 76.403 Section...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Forms and Reports § 76.403 Cable television system reports. The operator of...

2011-10-01

248

76 FR 13966 - Television Broadcasting Services; Topeka, KS  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. 11-33, RM-11623; DA 11-406] Television Broadcasting Services; Topeka, KS AGENCY: Federal...and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. Federal Communications...

2011-03-15

249

47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Carriage of television broadcast signals. 76.1506 Section...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1506 Carriage of television broadcast signals. (a)...

2011-10-01

250

76 FR 76337 - Television Broadcasting Services; Lincoln, NE  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. 11-192, RM-11646; DA 11-1924] Television Broadcasting Services; Lincoln, NE AGENCY: Federal...and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. Federal Communications...

2011-12-07

251

76 FR 68117 - Television Broadcasting Services; Panama City, FL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...11-140; RM-11683, DA 11-1735] Television Broadcasting Services; Panama City...petition for rulemaking filed by Gray Television Licensee, LLC (``Gray''), the...List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television. Federal Communications...

2011-11-03

252

76 FR 3875 - Television Broadcasting Services; Decatur, IL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...10-2426; MB Docket No. 10-264; RM-11615] Television Broadcasting Services; Decatur, IL AGENCY: Federal...and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2011-01-21

253

75 FR 19907 - Television Broadcasting Services; Beaumont, TX  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...10-606; MB Docket No. 10-49; RM-11593] Television Broadcasting Services; Beaumont, TX AGENCY: Federal...1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. 0 For the reasons discussed in...

2010-04-16

254

47 CFR 27.20 - Digital television transition education reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Digital television transition education reports. 27...Applications and Licenses § 27.20 Digital television transition education reports...the transition from analog broadcast television service to digital broadcast...

2010-10-01

255

47 CFR 76.614 - Cable television system regular monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cable television system regular monitoring. 76.614...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.614 Cable television system regular...

2010-10-01

256

76 FR 5290 - Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...11-27; MB Docket No. 08-194; RM-11488] Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL AGENCY...1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2011-01-31

257

47 CFR 76.614 - Cable television system regular monitoring.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cable television system regular monitoring. 76.614...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.614 Cable television system regular...

2011-10-01

258

75 FR 1546 - Television Broadcasting Services; Bangor, ME  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...09-2647; MB Docket No. 09-122; RM-11544] Television Broadcasting Services; Bangor, ME AGENCY: Federal...1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. 0 For the reasons discussed in...

2010-01-12

259

76 FR 9991 - Television Broadcasting Services; Kalispell, MT  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...11-224; MB Docket No. 11-20; RM-11619] Television Broadcasting Services; Kalispell, MT AGENCY...and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2011-02-23

260

75 FR 67077 - Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...10-2000; MB Docket No. 08-194; RM-11488] Television Broadcasting Services; Huntsville, AL AGENCY...and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2010-11-01

261

78 FR 75306 - Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham, Alabama  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...13-261, RM-11707; DA 13-2129] Television Broadcasting Services; Birmingham...rulemaking filed by Alabama Educational Television Commission (``AETC''), the licensee...filing of petitions for rulemaking by television stations seeking channel...

2013-12-11

262

47 CFR 76.612 - Cable television frequency separation standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cable television frequency separation standards. 76...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.612 Cable television frequency separation standards....

2010-10-01

263

47 CFR 27.20 - Digital television transition education reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Digital television transition education reports. 27...Applications and Licenses § 27.20 Digital television transition education reports...the transition from analog broadcast television service to digital broadcast...

2011-10-01

264

47 CFR 76.403 - Cable television system reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Cable television system reports. 76.403 Section...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Forms and Reports § 76.403 Cable television system reports. The operator of...

2010-10-01

265

76 FR 62642 - Digital Broadcast Television Redistribution Control; Corrections  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...73 [DA 11-1432] Digital Broadcast Television Redistribution Control; Corrections...Incorporation by reference, Radio, Television. Accordingly, 47 CFR part 73 is corrected...materials are available from Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC), 1750...

2011-10-11

266

47 CFR 76.59 - Modification of television markets.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Modification of television markets. 76.59 Section 76.59 Telecommunication...RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Carriage of Television Broadcast Signals § 76.59...

2011-10-01

267

Radiation-Emitting Products: Televisions and Video Display Monitors  

MedlinePLUS

... Cell Phones Laser Products and Instruments Televisions and Video Display Monitors Description Risks/Benefits Advice to Users ... Television Receivers Required Reports for the Televisions and Video Display Monitors Manufacturers or Industry Exemption from Certain ...

268

29 CFR 793.16 - “Radio or television station.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...RELATED TO REGULATIONS EXEMPTION OF CERTAIN RADIO AND TELEVISION STATION EMPLOYEES FROM...Requirements for Exemption § 793.16 “Radio or television station.” The employee must be employed by a “radio or television station.” A radio or...

2010-07-01

269

Sexual Socialization Messages on Television Programs Most Popular Among Teens  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the portrayal of sexual messages in the top 20 most popular television programs among teenagers in the United States. It compares findings from the 2001–2002 and 2004–2005 seasons. Results show that these programs contained a large number of sexual messages, though their frequency decreased over time. Most messages about sex were in the form of conversations. About

Keren Eyal; Dale Kunkel; Erica N. Biely; Keli L. Finnerty

2007-01-01

270

Nonverbatim Captioning in Dutch Television Programs: A Text Linguistic Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the Netherlands, as in most other European countries, closed captions for the deaf summarize texts rather than render them verbatim. Caption editors argue that in this way television viewers have enough time to both read the text and watch the program. They also claim that the meaning of the original message is properly conveyed. However, many…

Schilperoord, Joost; de Groot, Vanja; van Son, Nic

2005-01-01

271

The evolving value chain in the television industry : changes in pay TV delivery and its implications for the future  

E-print Network

This report studies the television industry in the US, and the changes that have taken place in the industry in the last decade. Specifically, it looks at episodical TV content delivery and consumption - excluding movies, ...

Mohan, Deepak, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2014-01-01

272

Adolescents and death on television: A follow-up study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The television viewing habits and perceptions of television violence and death of 712 academically heterogeneous students, grades 6 through 12, from three urban and three rural schools in north Florida were surveyed using a TV questionnaire revised from a prior study. The survey indicated that adolescents enjoy watching violent TV programs but are ambivalent about allowing younger children to watch

Hannelore Wass; Jana L. Raup; Harry H. Sisler

1989-01-01

273

47 CFR 76.1630 - MVPD digital television transition notices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1630 MVPD digital television transition notices. (a) Multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) shall provide...

2013-10-01

274

47 CFR 76.1630 - MVPD digital television transition notices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1630 MVPD digital television transition notices. (a) Multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) shall provide...

2014-10-01

275

47 CFR 76.1630 - MVPD digital television transition notices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Notices § 76.1630 MVPD digital television transition notices. (a) Multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) shall provide...

2012-10-01

276

Arrested emotions in reality television  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Arrested emotions” references the capitalist firm’s conscious mobilization of prosumers’ emotions and their associated expressions as amenable input for production within corporate confines. We draw on reality TV – The Bachelor and Extreme Makeover (Home Edition) – to suggest the centrality of emotional recruitment in the contemporary economy. Reality TV is driven almost entirely by the work of audiences and

Samuel K. Bonsu; Aron Darmody

2010-01-01

277

47 CFR 1.1155 - Schedule of regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services. 1.1155 Section 1.1155...regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services. Fee amount Address 1. Cable Television Relay Service2. Cable TV System...

2011-10-01

278

47 CFR 74.798 - Digital television transition notices by broadcasters.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-10-01 false Digital television transition notices by broadcasters...Booster Stations § 74.798 Digital television transition notices by broadcasters. (a) Each low power television, TV translator and Class A...

2011-10-01

279

76 FR 54189 - Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia-Elizabeth City, NC  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...11-139, RM-11636; DA 11-1401] Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk...licensee of noncommercial educational television station WHRO-TV, channel *16, Hampton-Norfolk...presently a freeze on the filing of television allotment rulemaking petitions,...

2011-08-31

280

Kaleidoscopic light feedback for television systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technique generates special effects for broadcast television to study effects of light feedback on television systems. Signals are produced for tape recording, broadcasting, or displaying on black-and-white or color monitors. The patterns have from three to eight sides and expand, contract, or rotate at various speeds.

Davis, J. G.; Woods, J. M.

1971-01-01

281

Instructional Television in California. A Status Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of television in California for educational purposes, particularly for classroom instruction, has grown rapidly in the 14 years since the first successful ETV station (KQED, San Francisco) began broadcasting. Both state and federal legislation have provided impetus for instructional television, which now reaches more than a third of…

Noel, Elizabeth S.; Helmke, Guy M.

282

Nationalism and Gender in American Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the dominant genre of the last American television season--the action/adventure/law enforcement show--and discusses differences between this genre and television shows in the 1950s to 1970s. Today's programs are described in terms of the similarities they exhibit with the strategies of the New Right and the apparent…

La Place, Maria

283

Narratives in Local Television News Editing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study offers a method for analyzing the narrative content of television news videos. Very few scholars approach the study of visual narratives in television news editing because the technique is highly specialized and not commonly articulated by practitioners. However, cognitive experiments are supporting the importance of understanding the way the brain processes video messages; in particular, those coming from

Keren Henderson

2012-01-01

284

Crossed Wires; Cable Television in New Jersey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cable television (CATV) in New Jersey has been almost nonexistent: Because of the state's proximity to the major cities of New York and Philadelphia, there has been a scarcity of New Jersey-oriented news and public affairs programing. Cable television access, it is suggested, could fill this information gap in New Jersey if the state government…

Center for Analysis of Public Issues, Princeton, NJ.

285

Community Cable Television--Hungarian Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper argues that, although community cable television is one of the most dynamic (although experimental) elements of the Hungarian media structure, it is well on its way toward institutionalization. It is suggested that whether community cable television is able to retain the spontaneity, innovativeness, and elasticity of its early days may…

Szekfu, Andras

286

Cable Television: Citizen Participation in Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The historical background of citizen participation in local affairs and its relevance at the onset of community concern about cable television are briefly discussed in this report. The participation of citizens, municipal officials, and cable operators in laying the groundwork for a cable system as well as the pros and cons of cable television as…

Yin, Robert K.

287

Citing informative television documents in scientific works  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is propose a citation method for referring to the audio-visual documents required for television programmes in scientific works. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The existing document typology is checked against television databases available on the internet, and the different units of processing, conservation and diffusion are analysed. The document is structured according to three parameters: whether

Jorge Caldera-serrano

2007-01-01

288

Public Television Library Catalog of Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Public Television Library (PTL), an integral part of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), searches out, selects, acquires, and distributes programs produced by local public television stations. This catalog lists the 1800 programs or series in the library according to subject matter. Each listing includes number of programs, length of the…

Public Television Library, Washington, DC.

289

Hypermedia management in television through text processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to describe a working routine for the analysis of audio-visual documents for serving the needs of television journalists. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A description in the form of a synthesis is given of the process by which television information must be put at the user's disposal with a response that is both fast and exhaustive. Findings –

Jorge Caldera-Serrano

2008-01-01

290

Frieda Hennock: Leader for Educational Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on one of the founders of educational television Freida Hennock. Discusses her early career, appointment to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), initial call for educational representation at FCC hearings, response to educational channel assignments, belief in childrens television, and ongoing struggle for educational programming…

Beadle, Mary E.; Stephenson, Alan

1997-01-01

291

Interactive Televised Instruction: Factors To Consider.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the first 2 years of operation, the Instructional Television Services (ITS) at Mohave Community College, in Arizona, operated in a very traditional manner, utilizing two cameras and an operator at each site. To increase the efficiency of the television services, surveillance cameras were installed at sites and were operated from the district…

Hall, Charles W.

292

Public Television: How Our Users See Us.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of a recent Harris poll, as reported by the Director of Research for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB), suggest that the way people use television has changed: people who watch tend to do other things while watching. While this may be true of commercial television, the same poll indicated that viewers of public broadcasting…

Miller, Leroy

293

Newspaper Versus Television Reliance and Political Disaffection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from interviews with 1,966 potential voters in Summit County, Ohio, in 1972 were analyzed to determine the relationship between political disaffection and reliance on television or newspapers for campaign news. The question that assessed media reliance was "How much do you count on (television/newspapers) to help you make up your mind about…

O'Keefe, Garrett J.

294

The Exciting Future of Industrial Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper suggests that teachers and students take a serious look at the career opportunities being offered by industrial television. A video utilization survey of 380 U.S. corporations revealed that 25% of the corporations maintained their own television studio production facilities, and that another 12% had definite plans for establishing one.…

Cathcart, William L.

295

Compressed television transmission: A market survey  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's compressed television transmission technology is described, and its potential market is considered; a market that encompasses teleconferencing, remote medical diagnosis, patient monitoring, transit station surveillance, as well as traffic management and control. In addition, current and potential television transmission systems and their costs and potential manufacturers are considered.

Lizak, R. M.; Cagan, L. Q.

1981-01-01

296

Understanding the Properties of Interactive Televised Characters  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children's television programming frequently uses interactive characters that appear to directly engage the viewers. These characters encourage children to answer questions and perform actions to help the characters solve problems in the televised world. Children readily engage in these interactions; however, it is unclear why they do so. To…

Claxton, Laura J.; Ponto, Katelyn C.

2013-01-01

297

Adolescent Television Viewing and Belief in Vampires  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A total of 1133 13-15-year-old pupils in six secondary schools in South Wales were invited to complete questions concerning vampire belief and amount of television watching. The data demonstrate that belief in vampires was positively associated with higher levels of television watching.

Williams, Emyr; Robbins, Mandy; Picton, Laura

2006-01-01

298

The changing dynamics of television advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advertising on the online video platforms has yet to meet the expectations that advertiser and platforms have placed on it. However, the growing trend of using the Internet to access video offers advertisers the opportunity to target viewers more accurately than broadcast television ever has. The complicated commercial television broadcast dynamics are evolving to facilitate online distribution. Many actors in

Herkko A. Hietanen; Marko Turpeinen

2010-01-01

299

A persuasive television remote control for the promotion of health and well-being  

E-print Network

New forms of media technology that enter the home often fundamentally transform the way that people spend their time. In the present day, daily "screen time" with televisions and other entertainment systems continues to ...

Nawyn, Jason Paul

2006-01-01

300

EIGHT YEARS OF TV COLLEGE--A FOURTH REPORT. ANSWERS TO SOME QUESTIONS ABOUT THE TV COLLEGE PROGRAM OF DIRECT INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT DESCRIBES COURSES, STUDENT AND TEACHER CHARACTERISTICS, AND COSTS OF OPEN CIRCUIT TELEVISED INSTRUCTION IN THE CHICAGO JUNIOR COLLEGE SYSTEM. FOR MORE INFORMATION, WRITE THE TV COLLEGE OFFICE, 3400 N. AUSTIN AVE., CHICAGO, ILL. 60634. (LH)

ERICKSON, CLIFFORD G.; AND OTHERS

301

Frequency modulation television analysis: Distortion analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Computer simulation is used to calculate the time-domain waveform of standard T-pulse-and-bar test signal distorted in passing through an FM television system. The simulator includes flat or preemphasized systems and requires specification of the RF predetection filter characteristics. The predetection filters are modeled with frequency-symmetric Chebyshev (0.1-db ripple) and Butterworth filters. The computer was used to calculate distorted output signals for sixty-four different specified systems, and the output waveforms are plotted for all sixty-four. Comparison of the plotted graphs indicates that a Chebyshev predetection filter of four poles causes slightly more signal distortion than a corresponding Butterworth filter and the signal distortion increases as the number of poles increases. An increase in the peak deviation also increases signal distortion. Distortion also increases with the addition of preemphasis.

Hodge, W. H.; Wong, W. H.

1973-01-01

302

As seen on TV: observational study of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in British television medical dramas  

PubMed Central

Objective: To determine the frequency and accuracy with which cardiopulmonary resuscitation is portrayed in British television medical dramas. Design: Observational study. Subjects: 64 episodes of three major British television medical dramas: Casualty, Cardiac Arrest, and Medics. Main outcome measures: Frequency of cardiopulmonary resuscitation shown on television; age, sex, and diagnosis of the patients undergoing resuscitation; rate of survival through resuscitation. Results: Overall 52 patients had a cardiorespiratory arrest on screen and 3 had a respiratory arrest alone, all the arrests occurring in 40 of the 64 episodes. Of the 52 patients having cardiorespiratory arrest, 32 (62%) underwent an attempt at cardiopulmonary resuscitation; 8 attempts were successful. All 3 of the patients having respiratory arrests alone received ventilatory support and survived. On 48% of occasions, victims of cardiac arrest seemed to be less than 35 years old. Conclusions: Cardiorespiratory resuscitation is often depicted in British television medical dramas. Patients portrayed receiving resuscitation are likely to be in a younger age group than in real life. Though the reasons for resuscitation are more varied and more often associated with trauma than in reality, the overall success rate is nevertheless realistic. Widespread overoptimism of patients for survival after resuscitation cannot necessarily be blamed on British television medical dramas. Key messagesA quarter of patients in British television medical dramas who received cardiopulmonary resuscitation on screen seemed to surviveThis figure is comparable to initial survival rates in a series of patients in real lifePatients on television are more likely to suffer cardiac arrest as a result of trauma than in real life, and patients undergoing resuscitation are likely to be younger than patients in real lifeThe overall survival rate of patients after cardiopulmonary resuscitation in British television medical drama seems to be more realistic than in American medical dramas PMID:9740563

Gordon, P N; Williamson, S; Lawler, P G

1998-01-01

303

Childhood and Adolescent Television Viewing and Antisocial Behavior in Early Adulthood  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether excessive television viewing throughout childhood and adolescence is associated with increased antisocial behavior in early adulthood. METHODS: We assessed a birth cohort of 1037 individuals born in Dunedin, New Zealand, in 1972–1973, at regular intervals from birth to age 26 years. We used regression analysis to investigate the associations between television viewing hours from ages 5 to 15 years and criminal convictions, violent convictions, diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder, and aggressive personality traits in early adulthood. RESULTS: Young adults who had spent more time watching television during childhood and adolescence were significantly more likely to have a criminal conviction, a diagnosis of antisocial personality disorder, and more aggressive personality traits compared with those who viewed less television. The associations were statistically significant after controlling for sex IQ, socioeconomic status, previous antisocial behavior, and parental control. The associations were similar for both sexes, indicating that the relationship between television viewing and antisocial behavior is similar for male and female viewers. CONCLUSIONS: Excessive television viewing in childhood and adolescence is associated with increased antisocial behavior in early adulthood. The findings are consistent with a causal association and support the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation that children should watch no more than 1 to 2 hours of television each day. PMID:23420910

Robertson, Lindsay A.; McAnally, Helena M.

2013-01-01

304

Advanced Technological Education Television (ATETV)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advanced Technological Education Television (ATETV.org) project is a web-based video series and interactive network designed to connect students and professionals with careers in advanced technology. Created under the guidance of a National Advisory Board with resources from the AACC, ATE National Centers, ATE projects and industry, ATETV aims to show how ATE is relevant to the modern workplace and to attract students to this growing field. ATETV features 48 video episodes that air weekly and highlight ATE success stories from community colleges and ATE programs nationwide. Its outreach efforts -- at ATETV.org and on social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter -- aim to connect employers in industry and government with the high-tech workforce of tomorrow. ATETV extends student learning beyond the classroom walls and provides a window into careers and workplace skills.

2009-09-30

305

Active Student Involvement Focusing on Critical Analysis of Commercial Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines classroom techniques for stimulating students' critical faculties in viewing commercial television. The thrust is not only to increase critical viewing judgments, but also to heighten their knowledge of the literary elements of television. Television literacy may be developed by attention to the artistry of the television

Notar, Ellen E.; Robinson, Rhonda S.

306

Regulations; Office of Cable Television, State of New Jersey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Regulations promulgated in accordance with the authority provided the Office of Cable Television, Board of Public Utility Commissioners, State of New Jersey, to regulate cable television in the public interest are set forth. These apply to cable television (CATV) companies which own, control, operate, or manage cable television systems and to…

New Jersey State Dept. of Public Utilities, Trenton. Office of Cable Television.

307

An Autosophy Image Content-Based Television System  

Microsoft Academic Search

A first television system based on the Autosophy information theory is now being tested. The new television marks a major theoretical break from conventional television based on the Shannon information theory. In conventional television bit rates are determined entirely by hardware parameters, such as screen size, resolution, and scanning rates. The images shown on the screen are irrelevant, such that

Klaus Holtz; Eric Holtz

2001-01-01

308

Television Violence: Content, Context, and Consequences. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest reports recent findings on violent television content, highlights the recently developed television ratings system, and offers suggestions for parental mediation of children's television viewing. The National Television Violence Study has demonstrated that not all violence is equal. Certain plot elements in portrayals of violence are…

Aidman, Amy

309

The Influence of Television on Children's Gender Role Socialization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines young children's gender role development, focusing on the impact of television viewing. Maintains that role models and imitation are extremely influential factors shaping gender-typed behavior. Identifies gender bias in television programming, including music television and commercials, and discusses gender bias in children's television

Witt, Susan D.

2000-01-01

310

Desert Survivors: The Design and Implementation of a Television Program to Enhance Local Scientific Literacy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Description of a program to enhance science literacy in elementary school children that allows experts to reach a tremendous audience while minimizing their time commitment. The foundation of the program is a television series entitled "Desert Survivors."

Jenifer C. Utz (University of Nevada School of Life Sciences)

2007-03-01

311

Instructional television utilization in the United States  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Various aspects of utilizing instructional television (ITV) are summarized and evaluated and basic guidelines for future utilization of television as an instructional medium in education are considered. The role of technology in education, capabilities and limitations of television as an instructional media system and the state of ITV research efforts are discussed. Examples of various ongoing ITV programs are given and summarized. The problems involved in the three stages of the ITV process (production, distribution, and classroom utilization) are presented. A summary analysis outlines probable trends in future utilization.

Dumolin, J. R.

1971-01-01

312

The time and frequency comparisons via Loran-C and National TV Network in Yugoslavia  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Time comparisons were made between cesium clocks in Yugoslavia and other cesium clocks in the country by the Laboratory of Federal Bureau of Measures and Precious Metals. Regional standard frequency and time signals dissemination is over National TV network by so called active TV system. International comparisons are performed via Loran-C system and by clock transportation. The method of calculation and approximation of the time signal propagation delays is given. Settled comparison results of the cesium clocks via TV network, Loran-C, and by clock transportation are also discussed in this paper.

Markovic, Z. M.; Hajdukovic, S.

1984-01-01

313

Teaching Children to Evaluate Television Violence Critically: the impact of a Dutch schools television project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a quasi?experimental pretest?posttest control group design, the study investigated the educational effects of a six?programme schools television series designed to encourage children aged 10?12 to become more discriminating consumers of violent television crime series. Results indicated that the schools television project led to an increase in factual knowledge of differences between violence as depicted in crime series and real?life

Marcel W. Vooijs

1993-01-01

314

Television as a Tool: Talking with Kids about TV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most children spend more time with media than in school and much more time with media than in meaningful conversation with their parents. Recent research demonstrates how the media act as powerful influences on children's development--on their behaviors, attitudes, language, and values--from the earliest ages. This booklet is intended to help…

Chen, Milton

315

Labs and slabs: television crime drama and the quest for forensic realism.  

PubMed

This essay examines how crime dramas produced during, and since, the 1990s became marked by the quest for 'forensic realism'. In particular, the essay traces a landmark shift in the development of forensic realism in the form of the ground-breaking British police drama Prime Suspect in 1991. It is argued that this television series not only represents a turning point in television history, but that it also constitutes a key text in the broader cultural turn towards forensic fascination. Prime Suspect vividly revealed and displayed corpses, crime scenes and post-mortem photos in an unprecedented fashion for television. This essay shows how in the process it established new standards and expectations regarding the aesthetics and thematic content of the perceived 'realism' of the crime genre. Through an analysis of the reception and impact of Prime Suspect the essay also demonstrates how crime drama's increasing fascination with forensic realism has driven debate over just what kinds of stories and images constitute acceptable or appropriate subject matter for popular entertainment, and for the medium of television itself. PMID:23026189

Jermyn, Deborah

2013-03-01

316

Ready for Prime Time: Implementing a Formal Afterschool Quality Improvement System by Prime Time Palm Beach County, Inc.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fourth report of a process evaluation of Palm Beach County Prime Time, Inc., an intermediary organization dedicated to improving the quality of afterschool programs, by Chapin Hall at the University of Chicago. It covers the 2007-2008 program year, which was the inaugural year of Prime Time's formal Quality Improvement System (QIS)…

Spielberger, Julie; Lockaby, Tracey; Mayers, Leifa; Guterman, Kai

2009-01-01

317

Putting Public Television to Work for You  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Public television programs such as ZOOM, A Science Odyssey, and NOVA can be a great way to enhance the science curriculum. Suggestions for using these programs in the classroom and accessing supplemental materials, teacher's guides, and websites are provi

Barss, Karen

2002-03-01

318

Putting Public Television to Work for You.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces PBS programs, projects, and publications including "NOVA", "ZOOM", "Evolution", "Building Big", and "A Science Odyssey". Includes suggestions on how to choose a segment of a television program and using multimedia resources. (YDS)

Barss, Karen

2002-01-01

319

Liquid crystal television spatial light modulators  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The spatial light modulation characteristics and capabilities of the liquid crystal television (LCTV) spatial light modulators (SLMs) are discussed. A comparison of Radio Shack, Epson, and Citizen LCTV SLMs is made.

Liu, Hua-Kuang; Chao, Tien-Hsin

1989-01-01

320

16 CFR 305.17 - Television labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...or smaller. (ii) The manufacturer may include the ENERGY STAR logo on the label as illustrated in Sample Labels 10, 11...Agency covering the televisions to be labeled may add the ENERGY STAR logo to those labels. (g) Distribution of...

2012-01-01

321

16 CFR 305.17 - Television labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...or smaller. (ii) The manufacturer may include the ENERGY STAR logo on the label as illustrated in Sample Labels 10, 11...Agency covering the televisions to be labeled may add the ENERGY STAR logo to those labels. (g) Distribution of...

2013-01-01

322

The effects of mergers in broadcast television  

E-print Network

In 1999 the Federal Communications Commission decided to relax its prohibition against one firm owning two television stations in the same market. Although joint ownership was prohibited prior to 1999, evidence on the ...

Rainey, Mark Christopher, 1974-

2001-01-01

323

Television Use, Sexual Behavior, and Relationship Status at Last Oral Sex and Vaginal Intercourse  

PubMed Central

The current longitudinal study explores the relationship between adolescent television use at time 1 and sexual experience and relationship status (i.e., committed/romantic versus casual) 1 year later. The sample (N = 824) comprised youth aged 14–18. Multinomial logistic regressions predicting group membership from television exposure variables were conducted controlling for socio-demographic characteristics and prior sexual behavior. Results indicate that sexually inexperienced youth watched more television overall than sexually experienced youth, but less adult, premium and music television on cable networks. Premium cable exposure predicted group membership among sexually active youth. Youth who watched more premium cable at time 1 were more likely to be in casual relationship at last intercourse than a committed one. A more complete understanding of media effects on adolescent sexual relationships can help guide policy development, media education/literacy efforts, and contribute to the design of interventions to reduce the negative consequences associated with adolescent sexual behavior. PMID:20657790

Bourdeau, Beth; Fisher, Deborah A.; Grube, Joel W.

2010-01-01

324

Evaluation of Closed Circuit Educational Television in Delaware: Emphasis on Utilization, Program Series Content, and Commitment. Preliminary Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of closed circuit educational television in Delaware public elementary and secondary schools. At the time of the study the budget for educational television in the state had been eliminated. The major points for review were: program scheduling and selection, utilization of program…

Mohrmann, Jeanne W.; Wise, Wilmer E.

325

Microdialysis: Is it ready for prime time?  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review This review highlights recent advances in cerebral microdialysis for investigational and clinical neurochemical monitoring in patients with critical neurological conditions. Recent findings Use of microdialysis with other methods including positron emission tomography, electrophysiological monitoring and brain tissue oximetry in traumatic brain injury (TBI), subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with vasospasm, and infarction with refractory increased intracranial pressure have been reported. Potentially adverse neurochemical effects of nonconvulsive status epilepticus and cortical slow depolarization waves both of which are increasingly recognized in TBI and stroke patients have been reported. The explosive growth in the use of cerebral oximetry with targeted management of brain tissue oxygen levels is leading to greater understanding of derangements of cerebral bioenergetics in the critically ill brain, but there remain unresolved basic issues. Understanding of the analytes that are measurable at the bedside – glucose, lactate, pyruvate, glutamate and glycerol – continues to evolve with glucose, lactate, pyruvate and the lactate/pyruvate (L/P) ratio taking center stage. Analytes including inflammatory biomarkers such as cytokines and metabolites of nitric oxide are presently investigational, but hold promise for future application in advancing our understanding of basic pathophysiology, therapeutic target selection and prognostication. Growing consensus on indications for use of clinical microdialysis and advances in commercially available equipment continue to make microdialysis increasingly “ready for prime time.” Summary Cerebral microdialysis is an established tool for neurochemical research in the intensive care unit. This technique cannot be fruitfully used in isolation, but when combined with other monitoring methods provides unique insights into the biochemical and physiological derangements in the injured brain. PMID:19578321

Goodman, J. Clay; Robertson, Claudia S.

2012-01-01

326

A deep sea cable television system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Naval Research Laboratory has developed a cable television system for use with the deep ocean search equipment used to locate the lost submarines THRESHER, SCORPION, ALVIN, and EURYDICE. The video equipment differs from most previous long-cable (6000 m.) systems used in the deep ocean in that the television signals are heterodyned into the 0.5-4.25 MHz band in order to

R. Patterson; F. Heemstra

1975-01-01

327

Rating Offensive Words in Three Television Program Contexts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Renewed attention to the use of expletives on television has been spurred by several recent high-profile on-air incidents. This study investigates which words television viewers find most offensive in varying contexts: broadcast TV, cable, and premium channels. Results show significant differences in perceived offensiveness of words depending on the context in which words are heard. Male and female respondents, liberals

Barry S. Sapolsky; Daniel M. Shafer; Barbara K. Kaye

2010-01-01

328

Food on young children's television in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to identify the different types of food featured on children's television in the UK and how frequently they appear. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A content analysis of children's television across four popular UK channels (CBBC, CBeebies, CiTV, Five) was carried out in Autumn 2008. All output including programmes, advertisements, sponsorship, trailers and idents was examined for verbal

Caroline J. Oates; Nicki Newman

2010-01-01

329

United States digital advanced television broadcasting standard  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A demonstration of high definition television (HDTV) was given in the United States in the early 1980s. It inspired the imagination as to what might be seen, someday, in the homes of television viewers. Now, some fifteen years later, we are on the verge of adopting a new television broadcasting standard. In the near future, the Federal Communications Commission is expected to make its final ruling on the new technology. The new standard will be 100% digital, something nobody would have guessed watching those early demonstrations. This paper briefly reviews some key technical debates. The debates were related to HDTV production standards and analog HDTV broadcasting during the 1980s. They began to shift focus in 1990 as the first digital HDTV broadcasting proposals were made public. More recently, the debates have centered on the tremendous flexibility that can be obtained with a digital broadcasting system. The Digital HDTV Grand Alliance system, that has been under study in the FCC's Advisory Committee on Advanced Television Service and documented by the Advanced Television Systems Committee, is highlighted. Current status of the technical standard is explained. To conclude, comments on the future potential of this new television broadcasting technology are offered.

Hopkins, Robert

1996-01-01

330

International Space Station (ISS) External Television (TV) Camera Shutdown Investigation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In the early morning of January 15, 2006, the Stardust Sample Return Capsule (SRC) successfully delivered its precious cargo of cometary particles to the awaiting recovery team at the Utah Test and Training Range (UTTR). As the SRC entered at 12.8 km/s, the fastest manmade object to traverse the atmosphere, a team of researchers imaged the event aboard the NASA DC-8 airborne observatory. At SRC entry, the airplane was at an altitude of 11.9 km positioned within 6.4 km of the prescribed, preferred target view location. The incoming SRC was first acquired approximately 18 seconds (s) after atmospheric interface and tracked for approximately 60 s, an observation period that is roughly centered in time around predicted peak heating.

Kichak, Robert; Young, Eric; Pandipati, Chetty; Cooke, Robert

2009-01-01

331

Class in daytime talk television  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whether you are openly addicted to them, despise them, or secretly watch them, daytime TV talk shows are an integral part of American popular culture. Many people deny watching such “trash” or insist that they watch it simply for entertainment. The “trash” label accompanying these shows is revealing considering the claim made by an Oprah Winfrey Show publicist, as reported

Beate Cersch

1999-01-01

332

Public Television Notices the Hispanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article discusses the broadcasting of Spanish public service announcements to the Hispanic community by a profit-making company, Hispanic ownership of radio and TV stations, and the need for Hispanics in policy-making positions within the media and as participants in community action groups and public forums. (NQ)

Bordelon, Kim

1979-01-01

333

47 CFR 101.813 - Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. 101.813...FIXED MICROWAVE SERVICES Local Television Transmission Service § 101...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. (a)...

2010-10-01

334

47 CFR 74.605 - Registration of stationary television pickup receive sites.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Registration of stationary television pickup receive sites. 74.605...PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Television Broadcast Auxiliary Stations § 74.605 Registration of stationary television pickup receive sites....

2011-10-01

335

47 CFR 101.813 - Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. 101.813...FIXED MICROWAVE SERVICES Local Television Transmission Service § 101...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. (a)...

2011-10-01

336

47 CFR 73.9001 - Redistribution control of digital television broadcasts.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Redistribution control of digital television broadcasts. 73.9001 Section...BROADCAST SERVICES Digital Broadcast Television Redistribution Control § 73...Redistribution control of digital television broadcasts. Licensees...

2010-10-01

337

Obesogenic television food advertising to children in Malaysia: sociocultural variations  

PubMed Central

Background Food advertising on television (TV) is well known to influence children's purchasing requests and models negative food habits in Western countries. Advertising of unhealthy foods is a contributor to the obesogenic environment that is a key driver of rising rates of childhood obesity. Children in developing countries are more at risk of being targeted by such advertising, as there is a huge potential for market growth of unhealthy foods concomitant with poor regulatory infrastructure. Further, in developing countries with multi-ethnic societies, information is scarce on the nature of TV advertising targeting children. Objectives To measure exposure and power of TV food marketing to children on popular multi-ethnic TV stations in Malaysia. Design Ethnic-specific popular TV channels were identified using industry data. TV transmissions were recorded for each channel from November 2012 to August 2013 (16 hr/day) for randomly selected weekdays and weekend days during normal days and repeated during school holidays (n=88 days). Coded food/beverage advertisements were grouped into core (healthy), non-core (non-healthy), or miscellaneous (unclassified) food categories. Peak viewing time (PVT) and persuasive marketing techniques were identified. Results Non-core foods were predominant in TV food advertising, and rates were greater during school holidays compared to normal days (3.51 vs 1.93 food ads/hr/channel, p<0.001). During normal days’ PVT, the ratio of non-core to core food advertising was higher (3.25 food ads/hr/channel), and this more than trebled during school holidays to 10.25 food ads/hr/channel. Popular channels for Indian children had the lowest rate of food advertising relative to other ethnic groups. However, sugary drinks remained a popular non-core product advertised across all broadcast periods and channels. Notably, promotional characters doubled for non-core foods during school holidays compared to normal days (1.91 vs 0.93 food ads/hr/channel, p<0.001). Conclusions This study highlights non-core food advertising, and predominantly sugary drinks are commonly screened on Malaysian TV channels. The majority of these sugary drinks were advertised by multinational companies, and this observation warrants regulatory attention. PMID:25141835

Ng, See H.; Kelly, Bridget; Se, Chee H.; Chinna, Karuthan; Sameeha, Mohd Jamil; Krishnasamy, Shanthi; MN, Ismail; Karupaiah, Tilakavati

2014-01-01

338

47 CFR 76.1630 - MVPD digital television transition notices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...notices. (a) Multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) shall provide...analog-only television sets that receive TV programming through an antenna will need a converter...or this MVPD at [telephone number and Web site if available], and from...

2010-10-01

339

Pakistani Television Politics in the 1990sResponses to the Satellite Television Invasion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the flawed attempts of successive governments in Pakistan to respond to the proliferation of satellite television during the 1990s. The popularity of Indian programming on satellite television is particularly galling, since it challenges the notion of a distinct Islamic identity in the subcontinent - the very ethos of Pakistan's existence. In spite of this challenge, neither the

Steven Barraclough

2001-01-01

340

AdViews: A Digital Archive of Vintage Television Commercials  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

While watching television commercials might seem like a form of torture to some, this amazing archive is a treasure trove for those with an interest in media studies and popular culture. The AdViews digital archive consists of several thousand vintage television commercials from the 1950s through 1980s, and it is part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History at Duke University. First-time visitors should check out the "About" area for a bit more background on the project, and then type in some keywords like "peanuts" or "toothpaste" into the search engine. The results are returned in a grid format, and the commercials are played back via iTunes. The "AdViews Expert Interviews" area contains talks with former advertising executives, professors of marketing, and media studies experts. The site also has a nice blog that highlights new items in the collection and a quiz to "Test Your Ad Knowledge."

341

Television Watching, Diet Quality, and Physical Activity and Diabetes among Three Ethnicities in the United States  

PubMed Central

Diabetes is a world-wide epidemic associated with multiple environmental factors. Prolonged television viewing (TV) time has been related to increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes in several studies. TV viewing has been positively associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors, lower energy expenditure, over-eating high-calorie and high-fat foods. The objective of this study was to assess the associations of hours of TV viewing with dietary quality, obesity and physical activity for three ethnic minorities with and without type 2 diabetes. Diet quality and physical activity were inversely related to prolonged TV viewing. African Americans and participants with type 2 diabetes were more likely to watch more than 4 hours of TV per day as compared to their counterparts. Diet quality was inversely associated with physical activity level. Future studies are needed to establish the risk factors of prolonged TV watching in adult populations for the development of diabetes or diabetes-related complications. Although strategies to reduce TV watching have been proven effective among children, few trials have been conducted in adults. Intervention trials aimed at reducing TV viewing targeting people with type 2 diabetes may be beneficial to improve dietary quality and physical activity, which may reduce diabetes complications. PMID:22851980

Huffman, Fatma G.; Vaccaro, Joan A.; Exebio, Joel C.; Zarini, Gustavo G.; Katz, Timothy; Dixon, Zisca

2012-01-01

342

Receptivity to Television Fast-Food Restaurant Marketing and Obesity Among U.S. Youth  

PubMed Central

Background Advertisement of fast food on TV may contribute to youth obesity. Purpose The goal of the study was to use cued recall to determine whether TV fast-food advertising is associated with youth obesity. Methods A national sample of 2541 U.S. youth, aged 15–23 years, were surveyed in 2010–2011; data were analyzed in 2012. Respondents viewed a random subset of 20 advertisement frames (with brand names removed) selected from national TV fast-food restaurant advertisements (n=535) aired in the previous year. Respondents were asked if they had seen the advertisement, if they liked it, and if they could name the brand. A TV fast-food advertising receptivity score (a measure of exposure and response) was assigned; a 1-point increase was equivalent to affirmative responses to all three queries for two separate advertisements. Adjusted odds of obesity (based on self-reported height and weight), given higher TV fast-food advertising receptivity, are reported. Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity, weighted to the U.S. population, was 20% and 16%, respectively. Obesity, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, fast-food restaurant visit frequency, weekday TV time, and TV alcohol advertising receptivity were associated with higher TV fast-food advertising receptivity (median=3.3 [interquartile range: 2.2–4.2]). Only household income, TV time, and TV fast-food advertising receptivity retained multivariate associations with obesity. For every 1-point increase in TV fast-food advertising receptivity score, the odds of obesity increased by 19% (OR=1.19, 95% CI=1.01, 1.40). There was no association between receptivity to televised alcohol advertisements or fast-food restaurant visit frequency and obesity. Conclusions Using a cued-recall assessment, TV fast-food advertising receptivity was found to be associated with youth obesity. PMID:24139768

McClure, Auden C.; Tanski, Susanne E.; Gilbert-Diamond, Diane; Adachi-Mejia, Anna M.; Li, Zhigang; Li, Zhongze; Sargent, James D.

2013-01-01

343

Study of television viewing habits in children.  

PubMed

Previous studies from developing countries have reported that Television (TV) viewing, if excessive and of poor quality has a proven negative influence on child health. Indian studies on this subject are few. The present study aimed at determining TV viewing habits of children and their families as well as parental perspectives on the impact of TV on child health using a provider completed indigenously developed questionnaire in Hindi. The study group comprised of 109 children attending a government hospital who belonged predominantly to lower socio-economic strata with poor maternal literacy. It was observed that 100 % children watched excessive TV (> 2 h daily), with majority viewing unsupervised and low quality content. There were minimal parental restrictions and no active discussion regarding contents. Negative impact was found on play, hobbies, sleep hygiene and eating habits in most children. Most parents were unaware of unhealthy viewing and the associated deleterious effects. As pediatricians we need to enquire about TV viewing habits routinely and educate parents about appropriate TV viewing. PMID:24682808

Mukherjee, Sharmila Banerjee; Gupta, Yogita; Aneja, Satinder

2014-11-01

344

Correlates of socio-economic inequalities in women's television viewing: a study of intrapersonal, social and environmental mediators  

PubMed Central

Introduction Socio-economically disadvantaged women are at a greater risk of spending excess time engaged in television viewing, a behavior linked to several adverse health outcomes. However, the factors which explain socio-economic differences in television viewing are unknown. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of intrapersonal, social and environmental factors to mediating socio-economic (educational) inequalities in women's television viewing. Methods Cross-sectional data were provided by 1,554 women (aged 18-65) who participated in the 'Socio-economic Status and Activity in Women study' of 2004. Based on an ecological framework, women self-reported their socio-economic position (highest education level), television viewing, as well as a number of potential intrapersonal (enjoyment of television viewing, preference for leisure-time sedentary behavior, depression, stress, weight status), social (social participation, interpersonal trust, social cohesion, social support for physical activity from friends and from family) and physical activity environmental factors (safety, aesthetics, distance to places of interest, and distance to physical activity facilities). Results Multiple mediating analyses showed that two intrapersonal factors (enjoyment of television viewing and weight status) and two social factors (social cohesion and social support from friends for physical activity) partly explained the educational inequalities in women's television viewing. No physical activity environmental factors mediated educational variations in television viewing. Conclusions Acknowledging the cross-sectional nature of this study, these findings suggest that health promotion interventions aimed at reducing educational inequalities in television viewing should focus on intrapersonal and social strategies, particularly providing enjoyable alternatives to television viewing, weight-loss/management information, increasing social cohesion in the neighborhood and promoting friend support for activity. PMID:22264399

2012-01-01

345

Carrier: Interference ratios for frequency sharing between satellite systems transmitting frequency modulated and digital television signals  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Results are presented of subjective and quantitative tests describing the results of interference to a particular digital television system from a frequency modulated (FM) television system, and for interference to an FM television system from a digital television system.

Barnes, S. P.

1979-01-01

346

Composition of the TV Picture: Some Hypotheses to Test the Forces Operating within the Television Screen.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the structure of television pictures as based on the theory of field forces and suggests a series of hypotheses, experimental designs, and statistical treatments to be used in empirical investigations. Various theoretical concepts of composition (field forces) are discussed. (Author/JEG)

Metallinos, Nikos

1979-01-01

347

Mariner 9 television calibration - Revisited  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mariner 9 TV data from the 1971-1972 encounter with Mars, which contain good synoptic coverage of of the planet as well as the highest-resolution images thus far obtained for the south polar region, can lead to more accurate photometric analysis if subjected to improved processing methods. While calibration errors are rather greater than those of the Viking Orbiter cameras, both calibration data and processing software applicable to an improvement program have become available through the USGS's Planetary Image Cartography System.

Herkenhoff, Ken E.; Soderblom, Laurence A.; Murray, Bruce C.; Danielson, G. Edward

1988-01-01

348

47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1506 Carriage of television...The provisions of Subpart D shall apply to open video systems in accordance with the provisions...

2014-10-01

349

47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1506 Carriage of television...The provisions of Subpart D shall apply to open video systems in accordance with the provisions...

2012-10-01

350

47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1506 Carriage of television...The provisions of Subpart D shall apply to open video systems in accordance with the provisions...

2013-10-01

351

Television Camera-To-Computer Adapter: PDP-6 Device 770  

E-print Network

The TVA (Television Adaptor) is a data-input device just completed. Any standard Closed-Circuit Television Camera can be connected to the PDP-6, without modification, by a single BNC connector. Then a simple program can ...

Minsky, Marvin

1965-01-01

352

78 FR 58470 - Television Broadcasting Services; Cedar Rapids, Iowa  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...73 [MB Docket No. 13-182; RM-11701; DA 13-1882] Television Broadcasting Services; Cedar Rapids, Iowa AGENCY: Federal...801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television. Federal Communications Commission. Barbara A....

2013-09-24

353

76 FR 33656 - Television Broadcasting Services; Nashville, TN  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Part 73 [MB Docket No. 11-29; RM-11622, DA 11-949] Television Broadcasting Services; Nashville, TN AGENCY: Federal Communications...801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television. Federal Communications Commission. Barbara A....

2011-06-09

354

76 FR 18415 - Television Broadcasting Services; New Haven, CT  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...73 [MB Docket No. 09-123; RM-11546, DA 11-501] Television Broadcasting Services; New Haven, CT AGENCY: Federal Communications...801(a)(1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television. Federal Communications Commission. Barbara A....

2011-04-04

355

47 CFR 73.622 - Digital television table of allotments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01false Digital television table of allotments.73.622Section 73.622...Stations§ 73.622 Digital television table of allotments.(a) General. The following table of allotments contains the digital...

2013-10-01

356

47 CFR 73.622 - Digital television table of allotments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01false Digital television table of allotments.73.622Section 73.622...Stations§ 73.622 Digital television table of allotments.(a) General. The following table of allotments contains the digital...

2010-10-01

357

47 CFR 73.622 - Digital television table of allotments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01false Digital television table of allotments.73.622Section 73.622...Stations§ 73.622 Digital television table of allotments.(a) General. The following table of allotments contains the digital...

2012-10-01

358

47 CFR 73.622 - Digital television table of allotments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01false Digital television table of allotments.73.622Section 73.622...Stations§ 73.622 Digital television table of allotments.(a) General. The following table of allotments contains the digital...

2011-10-01

359

47 CFR 73.622 - Digital television table of allotments.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01false Digital television table of allotments.73.622Section 73.622...Stations§ 73.622 Digital television table of allotments.(a) General. The following table of allotments contains the digital...

2014-10-01

360

77 FR 33997 - Television Broadcasting Services; Greenville, NC  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...acceptance of rulemaking petitions by full power television stations requesting...accept petitions for rulemaking filed by full power television stations seeking to...and released May 25, 2012. The full text of this document is available for...

2012-06-08

361

47 CFR 73.624 - Digital television broadcast stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...licensee transmits a video program signal on its analog television channel, it must also transmit...over-the-air video program signal on the DTV channel. The DTV...in resolution to the analog television station programming...

2013-10-01

362

47 CFR 73.624 - Digital television broadcast stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...licensee transmits a video program signal on its analog television channel, it must also transmit...over-the-air video program signal on the DTV channel. The DTV...in resolution to the analog television station programming...

2011-10-01

363

47 CFR 73.624 - Digital television broadcast stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...licensee transmits a video program signal on its analog television channel, it must also transmit...over-the-air video program signal on the DTV channel. The DTV...in resolution to the analog television station programming...

2012-10-01

364

HDTV: A chance to enhance television colorimetry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of a new high definition television (HDTV) system for use within Europe has provided a unique opportunity to depart from standard television colorimetry and coding which has been used worldwide since color television began. All television systems in operation at present use coding systems which allow substantial proportions of the perceived luminance to travel via narrow band coloring channels, thus reducing luminance detail in colored areas. This is known as the failure of constant luminance. Also, the gamut of colors reproducible by existing television systems and equipment does not do justice to saturated colors encountered in real life. A new system was devised which greatly expands the color gamut than can be reproduced, and uses constant-luminance coding to avoid loss of detail in colored areas. This has been achieved without compromising compatibility with the existing television system; the proposed system produces signals which can be decoded by a conventional receiver while still producing satisfactory color reproduction and sharpness. The enlarged color gamut of the proposed system will allow future displays to provide continuing improvements in color performance as new types of display (e.g., laser projectors) are developed with increasingly saturated display primaries. The constant-luminance decoding receiver is necessarily more complex than a conventional receiver, and may not be achievable without resort to digital processing in the domestic receiver. Studio monitoring using constant-luminance decoding could also be prohibitive in both cost and complexity. To overcome both of these problems, a modified form of standard decoder has been developed; it almost completely removes the residual color errors due to compatible decoding while retaining the color sharpness advantage of constant-luminance coding.

Roberts, A.

365

Satellite Television Corporations's DBS system - An update  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In late 1980, a request was made for approval of a direct broadcast satellite (DBS) system. The considered DBS system is to provide nationwide pay-television service on a subscription basis. The system proposed in the application to the Federal Communications Commission would provide three channels of television, using four three-channel satellites. Attention is given to the system configuration, system tradeoffs, a plan of the 1983 Regional Administrative Radio Conference, orbit locations and channel frequencies, satellite status, home equipment status, advanced concepts, and the status of the Las Vegas Broadcast Complex. AIAA Paper 84-0664

Martin, E. R.

366

Atlas of Surveyor 5 television data  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This atlas is a compendium of the Surveyor 5 television mosaics. It it divided into two main sections. The first consists of improved mosaics of panoramas and basic cartographic data used in investigating surface detail, and the second contains individual frame data, including photoindex mosaics and tabulations in which individual frames are identified. A short section containing a set of special-purpose mosaics assembled by the staff of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory is also included. For more details about the Surveyor 5 mission, television data, or science results, a brief bibliography is included.

Batson, R. M.; Jordan, R.; Larson, K. B.

1974-01-01

367

Improving Acoustic Models by Watching Television  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Obtaining sufficient labelled training data is a persistent difficulty for speech recognition research. Although well transcribed data is expensive to produce, there is a constant stream of challenging speech data and poor transcription broadcast as closed-captioned television. We describe a reliable unsupervised method for identifying accurately transcribed sections of these broadcasts, and show how these segments can be used to train a recognition system. Starting from acoustic models trained on the Wall Street Journal database, a single iteration of our training method reduced the word error rate on an independent broadcast television news test set from 62.2% to 59.5%.

Witbrock, Michael J.; Hauptmann, Alexander G.

1998-01-01

368

47 CFR 73.1210 - TV/FM dual-language broadcasting in Puerto Rico.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...different language. (b) Television and Class A television licensees in Puerto Rico may enter into dual-language time purchase agreements with FM broadcast licensees, subject to the following conditions: (1) All such agreements shall...

2014-10-01

369

Library Brings Lively Learning to Daytime TV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Tri-County Regional Library in Rome, Georgia, operates a full-time cable television program schedule. The library is thus able to bring information, entertainment, and community services to hard-to-reach areas, expanding the concept of the role of libraries and of public access television. (SK)

Kentsmith, Frank

1980-01-01

370

47 CFR 74.789 - Broadcast regulations applicable to digital low power television and television translator stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...digital low power television and television translator stations: § 73.1030Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. § 74.600Eligibility for license. § 74.703Interference. §...

2013-10-01

371

47 CFR 74.789 - Broadcast regulations applicable to digital low power television and television translator stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...digital low power television and television translator stations: § 73.1030Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. § 74.600Eligibility for license. § 74.703Interference. §...

2012-10-01

372

47 CFR 74.789 - Broadcast regulations applicable to digital low power television and television translator stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...digital low power television and television translator stations: § 73.1030Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. § 74.600Eligibility for license. § 74.703Interference. §...

2014-10-01

373

47 CFR 74.789 - Broadcast regulations applicable to digital low power television and television translator stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...digital low power television and television translator stations: § 73.1030Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. § 74.600Eligibility for license. § 74.703Interference. §...

2011-10-01

374

47 CFR 74.789 - Broadcast regulations applicable to digital low power television and television translator stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...digital low power television and television translator stations: § 73.1030Notifications concerning interference to radio astronomy, research and receiving installations. § 74.600Eligibility for license. § 74.703Interference. §...

2010-10-01

375

EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION AND THE IDENTIFICATION OF COMMUNITY EDUCATIONAL NEEDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A STUDY WAS MADE TO DETERMINE TO WHAT EXTENT EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION STATIONS SERVED THEIR COMMUNITY EDUCATION NEEDS, AND WHAT METHODS WERE USED TO IDENTIFY THE NEEDS. TELEVISION STATIONS AND COMMUNITY GROUPS IN SIX CITIES WERE STUDIED AND QUESTIONNAIRES MAILED TO 48 ADDITIONAL TELEVISION STATIONS. IT WAS FOUND THAT FEW STATIONS HAD A SYSTEMATIC,…

BLAIR, JOSEPH SKILES, JR.

376

Low Power Television: The Impact of the Final Regulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In August 1978, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) began studying the question of how to increase the diversity and coverage of television broadcast services either by modifying the television translator rules or by creating a new low power television service (LPTV). In Septemer 1980, the FCC finally adopted a "Notice of Proposed…

Hsiung, James C.; And Others

377

Development and Analysis of Television Grammar: An Overall View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that producers and consumers of television programs are still uncertain about the nature of the "grammar" or "lexicon" that makes up the language of television. Although attempts have been made in experimental television ("video art"), systematic studies on the idiosyncratic nature, unique features, and specific components of…

Metallinos, Nikos

378

High Definition Television: New Perceptual, Cognitive and Aesthetic Challenges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses changes that are needed in the perceptual, cognitive, and aesthetic principles governing the medium of television to compensate for the high-quality, filmlike picture produced by high definition television (HDTV), or improved definition television (IDTV). Topics discussed include changes in visual perception, cognitive processes and…

Metallinos, Nikos

1991-01-01

379

Television Intertextuality and the Discourse of the Nuclear Family.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an intertextual approach to reading television. Investigates how the heterosexual nuclear family and its various simulations are circulated within the intertextual flow of television, articulating and distributing "cultural capital." Analyzes a 39-minute segment of television text that includes commercials, news briefs, and the first…

Naficy, Hamid

1989-01-01

380

Online Television Library: Organisation and Content Browsing for General Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the organisational and playback features of Físchlár, a digital video library that allows users to record, browse and watch television programmes online. Programmes that can be watched and recorded are organised by personal recommendations, genre classifications, name and other attributes for access by general television users. Motivations and interactions of users with online television libraries are outlined

Kieran Mc Donald; Alan F. Smeaton; Seán Marlow; Noel Murphy; Noel E. O'Connor

2001-01-01

381

Digital Television Archives Combining Computer Technology and Video  

E-print Network

Digital Television Archives | Combining Computer Technology and Video Rune Hjelsvold Department Abstract Television archives play an important in giving their users easy access to the huge amountof video of these problems. The pa- per also gives a short description of digital television archive prototype developed

382

Online television library: organization and content browsing for general users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the organizational and playback features of Fischlar, a digital video library that allows users o record, browse and watch television programs on- line. Programs that can be watched and recorded are organized by personal recommendations, genre classifications, name and other attributes for access by general television users. Motivations and interactions of users with on-line television libraries are

Kieran Mc Donald; Alan F. Smeaton; Sean Marlow; Noel A. Murphy; Noel E. O'Connor

2000-01-01

383

The Impact of Television Deregulation on Private and Public Interests.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of six years (1981-1987) of television deregulation by the United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC). Contends that the FCC's rule deletions have altered economic relations among segments of the television industry and its users, and discusses effects on the future of "free" television. (MS)

Ferrall, Victor E., Jr.

1989-01-01

384

Symposium: Perspectives on Formative Evaluation of Children's Television Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evaluators of television programing and representatives of funding agencies discussed the impact of the perceptions of funding agencies on the evaluation of children's television. Participants also examined the interplay between the objectives of the television series and the evaluation, the relationship between production and evaluation, and the…

1977

385

76 FR 5120 - Television Broadcasting Services; El Paso, TX  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DA 11-74; MB Docket No. 11-4; RM-11616] Television Broadcasting Services; El Paso, TX AGENCY: Federal...and 1.420. List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2011-01-28

386

Children's Rights: Television Programmes Aired in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on aspects of children's rights as portrayed in television. The results of a six-month research study show analyses of television content of Channel 5, which is the only free-to-air, 24-hour, English-language entertainment channel in Singapore. The results identify the role of television in assisting Singapore to meet its…

Warrier, Sheela; Ebbeck, Marjory

2014-01-01

387

Narrow Viewing: The Vocabulary in Related Television Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the scripts of 288 television episodes were analyzed to determine the extent to which vocabulary reoccurs in related and unrelated television programs, and the potential for incidental vocabulary learning through watching one season (approximately 24 episodes) of television programs. The scripts consisted of 1,330,268 running words…

Rodgers, Michael P. H.; Webb, Stuart

2011-01-01

388

Teaching Job Interviewing Skills with the Help of Television Shows  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of its potential for humor and drama, job interviewing is frequently portrayed on television. This article discusses how scenes from popular television series such as "Everybody Loves Raymond," "Friends," and "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" can be used to teach effective job interview skills in business communication courses. Television

Bloch, Janel

2011-01-01

389

29 CFR 793.16 - “Radio or television station.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-07-01 false âRadio or television station.â 793.16 Section 793...REGULATIONS EXEMPTION OF CERTAIN RADIO AND TELEVISION STATION EMPLOYEES FROM OVERTIME PAY...Exemption § 793.16 “Radio or television station.” The employee must be...

2011-07-01

390

75 FR 18170 - Ready-to-Learn Television Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Number 84.295A] Ready-to-Learn Television Program AGENCY: Office of Innovation...for FY 2010 for the Ready-to-Learn Television Program. There is an error in one of...INFORMATION CONTACT: The Ready-to-Learn Television Program, U.S. Department of...

2010-04-09

391

Evaluating a Television Campaign to Promote Petrol Conservation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quasi-experimental evaluation of the effects of a television campaign to encourage petrol conservation was conducted in three cities in New South Wales, Australia. Intensive four-week television campaigns were conducted in two of the cities; the third served as a control. Approximately 400 respondents selected randomly in each city answered questionnaires (half before and half after the television campaign). The

Geoff J. Syme; Clive Seligman; Steven J. Kantola; Duncan K. Macpherson

1987-01-01

392

Non-Fiction Television: Not a Replication of Reality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has focused on the faulty implications emitted by factual television accounts of real events, while television news has been described as a pseudo-reality created from the ongoing flow of events. Furthermore, the convenient metaphorical language of television news often creates images of reality in such a way that the reality and…

Covington, William G., Jr.

393

Music, Television, and Video: Historical and Aesthetic Considerations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rock videos have their antecedents in film and television images, although music in films is usually background music. Television made possible the live transmission of musical numbers with visuals. The musical television commercial is an amalgam of conventions, with background music suddenly erupting into text, unheard by the characters but…

Burns, Gary; Thompson, Robert

394

Film and Video Theory in Television Production Manuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature of film and literature of television are, to a large extent, two separate entities. The major film theorists have not had much to say about television, and television has inspired few theorists of its own--few, that is, whose major concern, like the film theorists', is aesthetics. One of the earliest forms of commentary on…

Burns, Gary

395

Television and Youth: 25 Years of Research and Controversy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Television's impact on children is the focus of this document, which includes a review of the research on the subject, a master bibliography containing 3,000 items written between 1955 and the present, and 13 specialized bibliographies. Specific topics addressed include violence and its effects, prosocial television, socialization, television

Murray, John P.

396

STUDY ABROAD STUDY ABROADFOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS  

E-print Network

ABROAD FOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS Study abroad programs provide Radio-Television-Film majorsSTUDY ABROAD STUDY ABROADFOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS #12;WHY YOU SHOULD STUDY ABROAD 2 STUDY to your future work as media professionals. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW PROGRAMS Choose from more than 400 UT

Johnston, Daniel

397

Analysis of Surveyor 3 television cable  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A sample of cable described as four inches of TV cable, fabric wrapped, which had been exposed to the atmosphere for an unknown period of time, was subjected to extensive chemical analyses for the various components. The fabric was tested using attenuated total reflectance, chloroform extract, aqueous extraction, pyrolysis infrared, and reflectance spectroscopy. The wire insulation was tested using pyrolysis infrared, pyrolysis gas chromatography, differential thermal analysis, attenuated total reflectance subsurface, and tensile tests. Corrosion was also observed in parts of certain wires.

Gross, F. C.; Park, J. J.

1972-01-01

398

76 FR 28946 - Television Broadcasting Services; El Paso, TX  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...RM-11630; DA 11-746] Television Broadcasting Services; El Paso, TX AGENCY: Federal...NPG''), licensee of station KVIA-TV, El Paso, Texas, requesting the substitution...public's digital signal reception from KVIA-TV. DATES: Comments must be filed on...

2011-05-19

399

Television for Children in Japan: Trends and Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Japan, the production and broadcasting of television (TV) programs for children began in 1953. After the first few years of trial and error, children's programs gradually rose in popularity with the introduction of TV animation, dramas, special-effects photography, music/variety and quiz shows, comedies, and action dramas. Since the inception…

Kodaira, Sachiko Imaizumi

400

78 FR 16816 - Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia-Elizabeth City...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Docket No. 11-139; RM-11636; DA 13-258] Television Broadcasting Services; Hampton-Norfolk, Virginia; Norfolk, Virginia-Elizabeth...North Carolina, and to modify its television station, WHRO-TV's license to specify Norfolk, Virginia-Elizabeth...

2013-03-19

401

Holographic television : measuring visual performance with holographic and other 3D television technologies  

E-print Network

We are surrounded by visual reproductions: computer screens, photographs, televisions, and countless other technologies allow us to perceive objects and scenes that are not physically in-front of us. All existing technologies ...

Barabas, James

2014-01-01

402

National Mythology on Television: The Australian Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the increasing interest in the mass media's role in the creation, maintenance, transformation, and celebration of whole cultures, the Australian experience with nationalistic mythmaking in film and television should be examined. Research reveals that Australians prefer watching Australian programs to watching British or American…

Breen, Myles P.

403

Experiments with Internal Television (ITV-LHS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiments with internal television (ITV) at the Stockholm School of Education are reviewed in this newsletter. The purposes of the experiments have been (1) to study the effects of ITV illustrations of theoretical instruction in education and methodology, (2) to investigate the possibilities of conveying information in teacher training via ITV,…

Naeslund, Jon

404

Increasing Use of Instructional Television Programming.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the use of instructional television and video materials in the classroom and suggests what the role of the library/media specialist should be in increasing the use of these materials. Topics discussed include matching video materials with current curriculum needs; computer database programs; needs assessment forms; promotional…

Harbison, Elaine S.

1989-01-01

405

Willingness to Pay for Domestic Television Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article describes the application of contingent valuation to estimate the value of the benefits that the Australian community derives from the mandatory transmission of Australian programs by television stations. This application of contingent valuation to estimate cultural benefits offers an insight on the potential for a wider application of the methodology to evaluate cultural policy instruments. The study found

Franco Papandrea

1999-01-01

406

Santa Cruz Community Service Television Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A non-profit corporation, called the Santa Cruz Community Service Television Project (S.C.C.S.T.P.), is proposed that would produce videotape for the purpose of intra-community communication. The corporation would use portable videotape equipment to record a variety of community programs, such as an ecological history of the Monterey Bay area, the…

Frederiksen, Herbert Allan

407

Energy-efficient lighting system for television  

DOEpatents

A light control system for a television camera comprises an artificial light control system which is cooperative with an iris control system. This artificial light control system adjusts the power to lamps illuminating the camera viewing area to provide only sufficient artificial illumination necessary to provide a sufficient video signal when the camera iris is substantially open.

Cawthorne, Duane C. (Amarillo, TX)

1987-07-21

408

Listening practices in television celebrity interviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the listening practices of interviewers in US American television celebrity interviews in the framework of a more general account of listener activities. It explores how interviewers signal listenership, emotional involvement, and the uptake of information, how they prompt, aid and act as a foil to interviewees, and how these practices may affect the audience and the trajectory

Neal R. Norrick

2010-01-01

409

Educational Television and Educational Development in Tunisia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Association of Educational Broadcasters attempted to determine how educational television and related technologies could strengthen the educational system of Tunisia. An overview of the Tunisian society is presented, followed by a brief history of the development of its educational system. The tremendous educational needs of the…

National Association of Educational Broadcasters, Washington, DC.

410

Viewer Reaction to Different Television Captioning Speeds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Video segments captioned at different speeds were shown to a group of 578 people (ages 8 to 80) who are deaf, hard of hearing, or typically hearing. The most comfortable speed was found to be about 145 words per minute (WPM), close to the 141 WPM mean rate actually found in television programs. (Author/CR)

Jensema, Carl

1998-01-01

411

Kids, Crime, and Local Television News  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The vast majority of crime reporting occurs on local television news and in newspapers. Although crimes are extraordinary events, they assume an ordinariness that only daily reporting can give them. The obvious question is what does the news tell us about crime. This article compares the coverage of adult crime and the coverage of what the author…

Yanich, Danilo

2005-01-01

412

Instructional Television In Industry (ITVI): A Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fifteen industrial organizations were surveyed for their use of instructional television (ITV) in their educational programs for employees. The firms surveys included Xerox Corporation, RCA Corporation, General Electric Company, International Telephone and Telegraph, Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, International Business Machines Corporation, etc.…

Stasheff, Edward; Lavi, Aryeh

413

Children's Television Commercials; A Content Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study described in this book was to determine the content parameter of television commercials addressed to children. A total of 236 commercials were collected from advertising agencies representing cereals, candy, drinks, foods for meals, restaurants, cookies, miscellaneous, cakes, ice cream, vitamins, and crunchy snacks. Each…

Winick, Charles; And Others

414

Cable Television: A Guide for Education Planners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second volume of a two-part study is intended to help educators construct viable plans for the use of cable television (CATV) in education. Following an introductory consideration of CATV as a means of distribution, the report lays out the steps for the planning, development, operation, and evaluation of a project, illustrating successful…

Carpenter, Polly

415

The 1969 Catalog of Recorded Television Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Great Plains National Instructional Television Library provides for the acquisition, storage, duplication, and distribution of videotaped instructional materials, and for the annual publication of this catalog. In addition to giving information on prices, acquisition, and previewing policies, the catalog describes and outlines each telecourse.…

Nebraska Univ., Lincoln. Great Plains National Instructional Television Library.

416

Chinese Television University Library Resources and Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author summarizes his research findings about Radio and Television University (TVU) libraries obtained in China during the summer of 2000 and during shorter visits in 1998 and 1999. He visited 21 different TVUs in five provinces where he met with individuals and small groups of students, teachers, librarians, and university administrators and conducted tape-recorded interviews and administered written surveys.

Anthony W. Ferguson

2002-01-01

417

Video, Cable Television and Public Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports and surveys help identify use patterns, problems of funding, staffing, cataloging, collection development and equipment in relation to the use of video and cable television in public libraries since the early 1970's. Use of these technologies can be mastered by public libraries committed to serving as information agents in today's society.…

Genova, B. K. L.

1978-01-01

418

The Technique of Television Production. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In discussing the technical aspects of television production, this book covers both equipment and techniques used in these areas: camera, lighting, sound, settings, and make-up. Composition of images according to camera movement, placement of subjects, editing, and aural composition are also covered. Steps in the technical planning of a telecast…

Millerson, Gerald

419

Towards Postmodernist Television: INA's Audiovisual Magazine Programmes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last 10 years, French television's Institute of Audiovisual Communication (INA) has shifted from modernist to post-modernist practice in broadcasting in a series of innovative audiovisual magazine programs about communication, and in a series of longer "compilation" documentaries. The first of INA's audiovisual magazines, "Hieroglyphes,"…

Boyd-Bowman, Susan

420

21 CFR 1020.10 - Television receivers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...located at those minimum distances from...2) Maximum test voltage means 130 root...root mean square voltage specified by the...cable, or closed circuit television. ...replacement of a circuit or shield component...of operating high voltage and an...

2010-04-01

421

Black Family Imagery and Interactions on Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines African-American family life portrayals (BFLPs) on commercial television during the 1985-86 season, and considers BFLPs as a model for social learning by children. Analysis of the "Cosby Show,""227," and "Charlie & Company" indicates that more positive BFLPs are emerging, which may provide possible role models for children. (SLD)

Merritt, Bishetta; Stroman, Carolyn A.

1993-01-01

422

Media Literacy: Television Meets the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a program called MediaSmart designed by the WETA public television station in Washington, D.C. to help students understand the power and influence of the media and to help students become informed, discriminating, and literate media consumers. Explains the three main components: a teacher workshop; classroom instructional materials; and…

Zill, Karen

2002-01-01

423

Public Television Viewer and Watergate Hearings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the gavel-to-gavel coverage by public television of the Watergate Hearings of the Select Committee on Campaign Practices, audience makeup and attitudes in Florida were surveyed and profiled. Findings showed that blacks were attracted in greater proportion than whites, and males more than females. Spanish-speaking persons tended to avoid the…

LeRoy, David J.; And Others

424

Television and the Brain: A Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, a number of claims have appeared in the popular media and press suggesting that television viewing has potentially detrimental effects on human brain development or activity. An extensive review of the published scientific literature finds that virtually no credible experimental evidence appears to exist in the current literature…

Fite, Katherine V.

425

The Television Interview: Attributes, Formats and Codes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper begins by identifying and discussing six attributes or characteristics of television interviews, which include the function of the interview, i.e., information or entertainment; the context within which it is presented in the program; the number of interviews and interviewees; the duration of the interview and the degree of its…

Cohen, Akiba A.

426

21 CFR 1020.10 - Television receivers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...broadcast, cable, or closed circuit television. (5) Usable...shall have a cross section parallel to the external surface...result from that component or circuit failure which maximizes x-radiation...or improper replacement of a circuit or shield component. The...

2014-04-01

427

21 CFR 1020.10 - Television receivers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...broadcast, cable, or closed circuit television. (5) Usable...shall have a cross section parallel to the external surface...result from that component or circuit failure which maximizes x-radiation...or improper replacement of a circuit or shield component. The...

2012-04-01

428

21 CFR 1020.10 - Television receivers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...broadcast, cable, or closed circuit television. (5) Usable...shall have a cross section parallel to the external surface...result from that component or circuit failure which maximizes x-radiation...or improper replacement of a circuit or shield component. The...

2013-04-01

429

Visual Newsworkers' Attitudes toward Local Television News.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The voices of photographers and other visual-crafts workers rarely are heard in public discourse about local television news. All rank-and-file newsworkers potentially face reprisals resulting in shortened or blighted careers if they participate openly in assessing and criticizing the medium. A fresh examination of these newsworkers' views and…

Upshaw, Jim

430

Interactive Television in Nursing Continuing Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of a telemedicine system (live, color microwave television transmission with two-way auditory and visual communication capability) to teach a course in critical care nursing from an urban university medical center to staff members in rural southeastern Ohio hospitals is described. (MS)

Fry, Carlton F.; And Others

1976-01-01

431

16 CFR 305.17 - Television labeling.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...or smaller. (ii) The manufacturer may include the ENERGY STAR logo on the label as illustrated in Sample Labels in appendix...Agency covering the televisions to be labeled may add the ENERGY STAR logo to those labels. (g) Distribution of...

2014-01-01

432

Instructional Television Facilities: A Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When planning an instructional television (ITV) system, it is suggested that educational objectives should outweigh technological considerations and that expert advice be secured before the planning process is far advanced. In line with the latter suggestion, the book offers a background of technical knowledge aimed at educational administrators…

Witherspoon, John P.; Kessler, William J.

433

Science on Television: Storytelling, Learning and Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The three major educational sectors in which learning occurs are often taken to be the formal education sector (schools, colleges, universities and so on), the workplace, and the free-choice learning sector (Falk, 2002). This review is concerned with science on television, understood as a significant component of the free-choice learning sector.…

Dhingra, Koshi

2006-01-01

434

Cable Television: Citizen Participation After the Franchise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has incorporated several allowances in its regulations pertaining to cable television. Some of these enable citizen groups and communities to intervene in the cable franchise after the final issuance in order to correct deficiencies in the franchising process and the administration of the franchise.…

Price, Monroe E.; Botein, Michael

435

The Social Effects of Cable Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cable television illustrates the problems that can arise in exploiting a promising new technology to meet social needs. Cable operators' marketing procedures have emphasized improvement of the quality of reception from local broadcasting stations, increased programming choice by introduction of distant signals, and introduction of special pay…

Johnson, Leland L.

436

Television picture signal generators: an evolutionary cycle  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is not uncommon to find that the application of solutions to particular problems has to be delayed until the existing technology has advanced to a stage beyond that currently known. The progress in the science of television picture signal generation can be traced through this evolutionary cycle, commencing with proposals embodying an all-mechanical system of scanning, followed by proposals

L. S. Allard

1967-01-01

437

Cable Television: A Guide to Federal Regulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The federal laws and regulations that presently apply to cable television are comprehensively discussed in this lengthy report. The report has been designed as a guide and reference book for state and local officials, cable operators, and citizen groups. It presents a complete discussion of the 1972 Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) Report…

Rivkin, Steven R.

438

Television satellite data broadcasting systems and services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, the industry has recognized the importance of television data broadcasting systems for a wide range of services, not limited to stock exchanges. Such services have proved to be essential also for database maintenance, software delivery and\\/or updating, news broadcasting, and a wide range of other free and payment services, where the same amount of data has to be delivered

Fabrizio Sestini

1996-01-01

439

Person-related determinants of TV viewing and computer time in a cohort of young Dutch adults: Who sits the most?  

PubMed

We aimed to assess the associations of person-related factors with leisure time television (TV) viewing and computer time among young adults. We analyzed self-reported TV viewing (h/week) and leisure computer time (h/week) from 475 Dutch young adults (47% male) who had participated in the Amsterdam Growth and Health Longitudinal Study at the age of 32 and 36 years. Sociodemographic factors (i.e., marital and employment status), physical factors (i.e., skin folds, aerobic fitness, neuromotor fitness, back problems), psychological factors (i.e., problem- and emotion-focused coping, personality), lifestyle (i.e., alcohol consumption, smoking, energy intake, physical activity), and self-rated health (i.e., general health status, mild health complaints) were assessed. Univariable and multivariable generalized estimating equations were performed. Male gender, higher sum of skin folds, lower values of aerobic fitness, higher rigidity, higher self-sufficiency/recalcitrance, and smoking were positively associated with TV time. Male gender, higher sum of skin folds, higher scores on self-esteem, low energy intake, and a not so good general health status were significantly associated with higher computer time. Determinants of TV viewing and computer time were not identical, suggesting that both behaviors (a) have different at-risk populations and (b) should be targeted differently. PMID:25186285

Uijtdewilligen, L; Singh, A S; Chinapaw, M J M; Twisk, J W R; van Mechelen, W

2014-09-01

440

Television and the 3- to 10-year-old child.  

PubMed

A questionnaire on the use of television was administered to the parents of 387 children aged between 3 and 10 years. All families owned at least one television set and 57.6% of families owned two or more sets, with one in the child's bedroom in 10.6% of cases. Television was turned on all day in 16% of cases, mostly in families with low level of parental education (P less than .01). Television was on at mealtime in 54.5% of cases; 45.2% of children were watching television for between 7 to 16 hours per week, and the heavy viewers belonged to families with low levels of maternal education (P less than .05). About one third of children watched television without any interdiction set by their parents. According to age, from 28% to 40% of children watched violence on television. Parents believed that television facilitates learning (65.3%) but were concerned about violence (22.7%) and commercials (7.4%). Finally, 63.3% of parents reported that they would like to obtain more information about television use. According to this survey, many children are watching television without any limits being set by their parents and are witnessing violent scenes at an impressionable and vulnerable age. The pediatrician should include at routine office visits parental guidance on the mediation of television effects through coviewing, content discussion with children, and program selection. PMID:2057273

Bernard-Bonnin, A C; Gilbert, S; Rousseau, E; Masson, P; Maheux, B

1991-07-01

441

Television documentaries lifting hospital, medical center profiles.  

PubMed

The nation's hospitals and medical centers are enjoying the legacy of TV audiences' addiction to medical dramas. Cable television has met the challenge with documentary coverage of real live hospitals. The medium offers many benefits and few disadvantages for those marketing managers with the courage to welcome camera crews. Lynn Hopkins Cantwell is director of public relations and marketing for Children's National Medical Center, Washington, D.C., which was covered in a seven-instrument "Lifeline" documentary for the Discovery Channel. James G. Gosky is director of communications for The MetroHealth System, Cleveland, which was the subject of two installments of "Trauma: Life in th ER," produced for the Learning Channel. These marketing pros describe the myriad details they faced when their respective hospitals went "on camera." Among the key factors were good communications with all constituents, attention to detail, and follow-up. PMID:11209289

Rees, T

2001-01-01

442

Time transfer in India using satellite-TV signals in a common view mode  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the use of satellite-TV signals in a common view mode a detailed analysis relates the prediction errors of satellite co-ordinates to time comparison accuracy. It promises an accuracy better than two microseconds over India with the available quality of satellite ephemerides. The development of an automatic recorder for this purpose improves the measurement capability and its applicability

P. Banerjee; M. Saxena; B. S. Mathur

1994-01-01

443

Parental Involvement, Homework, and TV Time: Direct and Indirect Effects on High School Achievement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current concern over the state of American education highlights the need to understand the important influences on school learning, especially those influences that are potentially manipulable. Parental involvement in students’ academic and social lives, time spent doing homework, and leisure TV viewing are three variables generally considered to influence academic achievement, variables that may also be interrelated. In the

Timothy Z. Keith; Thomas M. Reimers; Paul G. Fehrmann; Sheila M. Pottebaum; Linda W. Aubey

1986-01-01

444

Mediating Relations: Therapeutic Discourse in American Prime Time Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although "The Equalizer" and "Finder of Lost Loves" are different kinds of prime time fiction--urban thriller on the one hand and fantasy melodrama on the other--they share an underlying dramatic structure and symbolic problematic in their repeated enactments of a therapeutic cure overseen by a mediating, authority figure. The protagonists in both…

White, Mimi

445

A PILOT STUDY TO DETERMINE THE INFLUENCE UPON TEACHERS AND UPON STUDENTS OF A TELEVISION PROGRAM DESIGNED TO PROVIDE IN-SERVICE TRAINING AND CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION IN SPANISH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THREE SMALL SCHOOLS IN UTAH, INCLUDING THREE TEACHERS AND THEIR SPANISH I STUDENTS, PARTICIPATED IN THIS STUDY. ONE TEACHER RECEIVED CONVENTIONAL IN-SERVICE TRAINING, THE OTHER TWO WERE GIVEN IN IN-SERVICE TRAINING IN TEACHING SPANISH AS THEY OBSERVED THE TELEVISION CLASS. ONE GROUP OF STUDENTS OBSERVED THE TELEVISION CLASS THREE TIMES PER WEEK…

HOWE, ELLIOT C.

446

Birth of TV  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Depending on one's viewpoint, the "birth of TV" could be the best thing in human history, or merely the beginning of the cultural apocalypse. Regardless, this fascinating website takes on this momentous series of events as its starting point, and it does so through numerous clips of early television programs, insightful commentaries, and even early television guides. The BIRTH Television Archive was created from materials offered by five major European television archives, including the BBC and Osterreichischer Rundfunk. The "Library" contains links to the previously mentioned articles, which deal with the early era of television plays, the production of early television, and taboos in early television. Of course, visitors can also view several hundred clips of early television programs, read about the project's creation, and look over a multilingual thesaurus. Given the wide variety of partners working on the archive, one will not be surprised to learn that many of the materials here are available in Dutch, German, and French.

447

Live television in a digital library  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of channels of digital television is increasing, particularly the number that are free-to-air. However due to the nature of broadcasting, this morass of information is not, for the main part, organized---it is principally a succession of images and sound transmitted as multiplexed streams of data. Compare this deluge that terrestrially bombards our homes with the information available in

Maxime Roüast; David Bainbridge

2012-01-01

448

Domesticating patriarchy: hegemonic masculinity and television's \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay examines television news treatments of stay-at-home dads (Mr. Moms)during the late 1990s and argues that these news accounts represent a challenge to more traditional masculine identities depicted in media. While offering a nominal challenge, however, these representations reinscribe significant aspects of patriarchal privilege within domestic space. Through a combination of discursive strategies compatible with the commercial needs of

Mary Douglas Vavrus

2002-01-01

449

Detection of Television Signals in Thermal Noise  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper deals with the general problem of detecting television signals in thermal noise and with the methods of improving the performance of the second detector. A method of computing the thermal-noise spectrum and signal-to-noise ratios following the diode detector for the video and intercarrier-sound signals is described and experimentally verified. It is shown that the diode-detection process for very

J. E. Bridges

1954-01-01

450

The impact of a prejudice-prevention television program on young children’s ideas about race  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies investigated whether children’s television programs that were produced to decrease racial prejudice had the intended positive effect on young children. Study 1 measured 60 White 5- and 6-year-old children’s attitudes toward Asian, Black, and White stimuli prior to, and immediately following, a brief, one-time anti-prejudice television program. No significant change was observed. Study 2 assessed the attitudes of

Anna Persson; Dara R. Musher-Eizenman

2003-01-01

451

Retinally stabilized differential resolution television display  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A remote television viewing system employing an eye tracker is disclosed, wherein a small region of the image appears in high resolution, and the remainder of the image appears in low resolution. The eye tracker monitors the position of the viewer's line of sight. The eye tracker position data is transmitted to the remote television camera and control. Both the remote camera and television display are adapted to have selectable high-resolution and low resolution raster scan modes. The position data from the eye tracker is used to determine the point at which the high-resolution scan is to commence. The video data defining the observed image is encoded in a novel format, wherein in each data field, the data representing the position of the high resolution region of predetermined size appears first, followed by the high resolution zone video data and then the low-resolution region data. As the viewer's line of sight relative to the displayed image changes, the position of the high resolution region changes to track the viewer's line of sight.

Ruoff, C. F., Jr. (inventor)

1985-01-01

452

Study of the precision guided communication of digital television  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Along with the progress and development of the digital technology, there produced the transmission of the new media by medium of such as the network, mobile phones and the digital television, while among them digital TV has the superiority of other media. The appearance and development of digital TV will induce a profound change in the broadcasting and television industry chain. This paper started with discussing the transformation of digital television in profit model, mode of operation and mode of transmission to construct the precision-guided communication theory; And then analyzes the properties and marketing nature of the precision-guided communication to make the construction of the precision-guided communication marketing mode; And put forward the implementing of the precision-guided communication marketing strategies and concrete steps; At the end of the article the author summarized four conclusions.

Liu, Lun

2012-04-01

453

Television Food Advertising to Children: A Global Perspective  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We compared television food advertising to children in several countries. Methods. We undertook a collaboration among 13 research groups in Australia, Asia, Western Europe, and North and South America. Each group recorded programming for 2 weekdays and 2 weekend days between 6:00 and 22:00, for the 3 channels most watched by children, between October 2007 and March 2008. We classified food advertisements as core (nutrient dense, low in energy), noncore (high in undesirable nutrients or energy, as defined by dietary standards), or miscellaneous. We also categorized thematic content (promotional characters and premiums). Results. Food advertisements composed 11% to 29% of advertisements. Noncore foods were featured in 53% to 87% of food advertisements, and the rate of noncore food advertising was higher during children's peak viewing times. Most food advertisements containing persuasive marketing were for noncore products. Conclusions. Across all sampled countries, children were exposed to high volumes of television advertising for unhealthy foods, featuring child-oriented persuasive techniques. Because of the proven connections between food advertising, preferences, and consumption, our findings lend support to calls for regulation of food advertising during children's peak viewing times. PMID:20634464

Halford, Jason C.G.; Boyland, Emma J.; Chapman, Kathy; Bautista-Castaño, Inmaculada; Berg, Christina; Caroli, Margherita; Cook, Brian; Coutinho, Janine G.; Effertz, Tobias; Grammatikaki, Evangelia; Keller, Kathleen; Leung, Raymond; Manios, Yannis; Monteiro, Renata; Pedley, Claire; Prell, Hillevi; Raine, Kim; Recine, Elisabetta; Serra-Majem, Lluis; Singh, Sonia; Summerbell, Carolyn

2010-01-01

454

Cable Television in Detroit; A Study in Urban Communications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cable TV Study Committee of the Common Council of Detroit, Michigan studied in depth the possibilities, requirements, and implications of cable television for Detroit. Their detailed recommendations are presented, covering financing and construction, the need for engineering and financial projections, organization for operation, channel…

Detroit Cable T. V. Study Committee, MI.

455

The Impact of Television News on Public Environmental Knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study measured the impact of a television news program in educating adults about the Great Lakes environment. In May 1989, WJW-TV8 in Cleveland broadcasted selected knowledge questions and their answers, with accompanying explanatory video segments, on the station's evening news program. Following the broadcast, 461 Clevelanders completed the entire questionnaire at county and city library branches. A comparison of

Christine C. Brothers; Rosanne W. Fortner; Victor J. Mayer

1991-01-01

456

Instructional Television Transmission System for the Genesee Valley Area.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the entire Genessee Valley area of New York, only two channels are available to educators. Therefore, a study was made of the feasibility of constructing a multi-channel system for the transmission of television and data signals to schools in the area. Field strength measurements were taken of the local educational broadcast signal WXXI-TV to…

Brown Associates, Rochester, NY.

457

New method for face gaze detection in smart television  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, gaze detection-based interfaces have been regarded as the most natural user interface for use with smart televisions (TVs). Past research conducted on gaze detection primarily used near-infrared (NIR) cameras with NIR illuminators. However, these devices are difficult to use with smart TVs; therefore, there is an increasing need for gaze-detection technology that utilizes conventional (visible light) web cameras. Consequently, we propose a new gaze-detection method using a conventional (visible light) web camera. The proposed approach is innovative in the following three ways. First, using user-dependent facial information obtained in an initial calibration stage, an accurate head pose is calculated. Second, using theoretical and generalized models of changes in facial feature positions, horizontal and vertical head poses are calculated. Third, accurate gaze positions on a smart TV can be obtained based on the user-dependent calibration information and the calculated head poses by using a low-cost conventional web camera without an additional device for measuring the distance from the camera to the user. Experimental results indicate that the gaze-detection accuracy of our method on a 60-in. smart TV is 90.5%.

Lee, Won Oh; Kim, Yeong Gon; Shin, Kwang Yong; Nguyen, Dat Tien; Kim, Ki Wan; Park, Kang Ryoung; Oh, Cheon In

2014-05-01

458

Remote health monitoring for elderly through interactive television  

PubMed Central

Background Providing remote health monitoring to specific groups of patients represents an issue of great relevance for the national health systems, because of the costs related to moving health operators, the time spent to reach remote sites, and the high number of people needing health assistance. At the same time, some assistance activities, like those related to chronical diseases, may be satisfied through a remote interaction with the patient, without a direct medical examination. Methods Moving from this considerations, our paper proposes a system architecture for the provisioning of remote health assistance to older adults, based on a blind management of a network of wireless medical devices, and an interactive TV Set Top Box for accessing health related data. The selection of TV as the interface between the user and the system is specifically targeted to older adults. Due to the private nature of the information exchanged, a certified procedure is implemented for data delivery, through the use of non conditional smart cards. All these functions may be accomplished through a proper design of the system management, and a suitable interactive application. Results The interactive application acting as the interface between the user and the system on the TV monitor has been evaluated able to help readability and clear understanding of the contents and functions proposed. Thanks to the limited amount of data to transfer, even a Set Top Box equipped with a traditional PSTN modem may be used to support the proposed service at a basic level; more advanced features, like audio/video connection, may be activated if the Set Top Box enables a broadband connection (e.g. ADSL). Conclusions The proposed layered architecture for a remote health monitoring system can be tailored to address a wide range of needs, according with each patient’s conditions and capabilities. The system exploits the potentialities offered by Digital Television receivers, a friendly MHP interface, and the familiar remote control, to make the service effective and easy to use also for elderly people. PMID:22908986

2012-01-01

459

Cost-effectiveness of television, radio, and print media programs for public mental health education.  

PubMed

Mass media campaigns to influence public attitudes and behaviors in the area of mental health must consider cost-effectiveness, which is based on actual costs, the number of people reached (exposures), and the impact of the program on the individual. Cost per exposure is a critical factor. The authors review their experience in developing media programs in several broadcast formats and in print. Their experience suggests that an effective television production has a very high per-exposure cost and that radio is a more cost-effective way to present health messages. Radio programs also have the advantage of reaching people in their homes or cars or at work. Brief segments may be particularly cost-effective because they can be can be inserted between programs during prime-time hours. Print media--newspapers, magazines, and newsletters--can be cost-effective if magazine or newspaper space is free, but newsletters can be costly due to fixed postage costs. One advantage of print is that it can be reread, clipped out, copied, and passed on. PMID:9634162

Austin, L S; Husted, K

1998-06-01

460

Ongoing Lawsuit Pits University Mascot Versus Italian Television Character  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If pressed, most people would have a difficult time drawing immediate connections between the caves and pleasant surroundings of south-central Kentucky and the sometimes chaotic world of Italian television. As of late, there is now a rather compelling connection between the two in the form of the Western Kentucky University mascot, Big Red, and a popular Italian television character, Gabibbo. The two creatures appear to bear more than a passing resemblance to each other, and the lawyers for Western Kentucky University (and the company that controls the Big Red trademark) have travelled to Italy to file suit against Mediaset, the Italian television company that produces the satirical television show "Striscia la Notizia" (which translates roughly as Stretching the News) on which Gabibbo has appeared since 1990. There is potentially quite a bit of money at stake, as Gabibbo has been a famous television character in Italy for more than a decade, and has had several chart-topping musical releases. In yet another strange turn of events for the case, this week Mediaset announced that it plans to countersue Steve Crossland (the head of the company that handles the Big Red trademark for Western Kentucky University) for defamation. Western Kentucky University may also have some potentially valuable evidence based on an interview given by Gabibbo's creator, Antonio Ricci, to the Italian magazine Novella 2000 in February 1991. In the interview Ricci noted that the idea for the lovable red giant "...began with a photo, just as happens with real adoptions. There was this mascot, his name was Big Red, who was the mascot of a basketball team in America. The team is Western Kentucky University." Regardless of this fact, it may be some time before the case is heard in Italian court, as a decision was made this Thursday to delay a preliminary hearing for one month.The first link leads to a fine piece from the New York Times business section that gives some background to the context about this ongoing trademark legal battle. The second link will take visitors to a news item from the Bowling Green (Kentucky) Daily News that talks about the journey of Big Red (and his legal team) to Rome this past week. The third link will lead visitors to an article from Newsday that describes the countersuit filed by Mediaset against the legal representatives of Western Kentucky University. The fourth link will take visitors to the Big Red webpage offered by Western Kentucky University that talks about this furry creature's numerous accolades, including standout performances in the Battle of the Mascots contests sponsored by ESPN. The fifth link will take visitors to the webpage of the tuxedo shirt-clad Gabibbo, which includes links to his songs (under the link Le canzoni). Here visitors can listen to some of his well-known numbers, including such favorites as Sirenone and Formaggi Selvaggi. After reading about the fractious world of mascots, many readers will appreciate the final link, which leads to MascotNet. At the site (devoted to the extensive world of mascots and mascot management), visitors can learn about how to become a mascot, share information about helpful props for performances at community events and arenas, and helpful techniques for working with children and motivating a crowd.

461

Source confusion as an explanation of cultivation: a test of the mechanisms underlying confusion of fiction with reality on television.  

PubMed

Cultivation studies have found evidence that heavy television viewers adopt a world view congruent with how the world is portrayed in fictional television programs. An explanation is that viewers may remember fictional TV stories as realistic stories or news (fiction-to-news confusion). Until now, fiction-to-news confusion was found only if at least a week evolved between watching TV and asking viewers what was remembered. The present study conducted with a purposive sample of students and employees of a college in The Netherlands (N=96; M age = 28.6 yr., SD = 10.9) indicates that fiction-to-news confusions can also occur almost immediately after watching. In addition, whereas earlier research suggests that fiction-to-news confusions are associated with heavy viewing, i.e., more confusion when more hours per day are spent on TV viewing in leisure time, and faulty memory, the present study more specifically suggests that participants make many fiction-to-news confusions when they are exposed to relatively many fictional TV fragments that contain threatening, violent events. PMID:17450970

Koolstra, Cees M

2007-02-01

462

18 CFR 388.105 - Procedures for press, television, radio, and photographic coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...all others present; (2) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...begin or resume; (3) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...Regulations pertaining to the use of television, movie and still cameras, and recording...

2012-04-01

463

18 CFR 388.105 - Procedures for press, television, radio, and photographic coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...all others present; (2) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...begin or resume; (3) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...Regulations pertaining to the use of television, movie and still cameras, and recording...

2014-04-01

464

18 CFR 388.105 - Procedures for press, television, radio, and photographic coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...all others present; (2) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...begin or resume; (3) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...Regulations pertaining to the use of television, movie and still cameras, and recording...

2013-04-01

465

18 CFR 388.105 - Procedures for press, television, radio, and photographic coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...all others present; (2) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...begin or resume; (3) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...Regulations pertaining to the use of television, movie and still cameras, and recording...

2010-04-01

466

18 CFR 388.105 - Procedures for press, television, radio, and photographic coverage.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...all others present; (2) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...begin or resume; (3) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...Regulations pertaining to the use of television, movie and still cameras, and recording...

2011-04-01

467

47 CFR 15.120 - Program blocking technology requirements for television receivers.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...blanking interval of television signals, in accordance with § 73.682...22) of this chapter. (2) Digital television program rating information shall be transmitted in digital television signals in accordance with §...

2014-10-01

468

47 CFR 10.340 - Digital television transmission towers retransmission capability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Digital television transmission towers...System Architecture § 10.340 Digital television transmission towers...part of, any broadcast television digital signal transmitter,...

2014-10-01

469

47 CFR 101.813 - Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. 101.813 ...§ 101.813 Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. (a) Mobile television pickup stations (including...

2012-10-01

470

47 CFR 101.813 - Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. 101.813 ...§ 101.813 Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. (a) Mobile television pickup stations (including...

2013-10-01

471

47 CFR 73.6026 - Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations. 73.6026 Section...RADIO SERVICES RADIO BROADCAST SERVICES Class A Television Broadcast Stations § 73.6026 Broadcast regulations applicable to Class A television stations. The...

2014-10-01

472

47 CFR 15.124 - DTV transition notices by manufacturers of televisions and related devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DTV transition notices by manufacturers of televisions and related devices. 15.124 Section...DTV transition notices by manufacturers of televisions and related devices. (a) Television receivers and related devices...

2011-10-01

473

25 CFR 169.26 - Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities...Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities...communication purposes, and for radio, television, and other forms of...

2011-04-01

474

47 CFR 1.1155 - Schedule of regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services. 1.1155 Section 1.1155...regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services. Fee amount Address 1. Cable Television Relay Service $315 FCC,...

2010-10-01

475

76 FR 23795 - Low-Power Television and Translator Upgrade Program: Notice of Final Closing Date  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...110418247-1247-01] Low-Power Television and Translator Upgrade Program: Notice...of applications for the Low-Power Television and Translator Upgrade Program (Upgrade...the conversion of analog low-power television facilities to digital...

2011-04-28

476

21 CFR 886.5820 - Closed-circuit television reading system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false Closed-circuit television reading system. 886.5820 Section... § 886.5820 Closed-circuit television reading system. (a) Identification. A closed-circuit television reading system is a device...

2011-04-01

477

47 CFR 15.124 - DTV transition notices by manufacturers of televisions and related devices.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...DTV transition notices by manufacturers of televisions and related devices. 15.124 Section...DTV transition notices by manufacturers of televisions and related devices. (a) Television receivers and related devices...

2010-10-01

478

75 FR 20860 - Certain Display Devices, Including Digital Televisions and Monitors; Notice of Investigation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Display Devices, Including Digital Televisions and Monitors; Notice of Investigation...display devices, including digital televisions and monitors by reason of infringement...display devices, including digital televisions or monitors that infringe one or...

2010-04-21

479

76 FR 4078 - Television Broadcasting Services; North Pole and Plattsburgh, NY  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...10-2443; MM Docket No. 99-238; RM-9669] Television Broadcasting Services; North Pole and Plattsburgh...1)(A). List of Subjects in 47 CFR Part 73 Television, Television broadcasting. For the reasons discussed in...

2011-01-24

480

75 FR 51286 - Certain Flat Panel Digital Televisions and Components Thereof; Notice of Investigation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...337-TA-733] Certain Flat Panel Digital Televisions and Components Thereof; Notice of Investigation...importation of certain flat panel digital televisions and components thereof by reason of...importation of certain flat panel digital televisions and components thereof that...

2010-08-19

481

47 CFR 76.611 - Cable television basic signal leakage performance criteria.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Cable television basic signal leakage performance criteria...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.611 Cable television basic signal leakage performance...

2011-10-01

482

47 CFR 2.813 - Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service. 2.813 Section...Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service. Section 2.803...transmitter operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service regulated under...

2010-10-01

483

47 CFR 2.813 - Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service. 2.813 Section...Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service. Section 2.803...transmitter operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service regulated under...

2011-10-01

484

76 FR 64879 - Deduction for Qualified Film and Television Production Costs  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...1545-BJ23 Deduction for Qualified Film and Television Production Costs AGENCY: Internal Revenue...for the costs of producing film and television productions. Those temporary regulations...affect taxpayers that produce films and television productions within the United...

2011-10-19

485

77 FR 30423 - Innovation in the Broadcast Television Bands: Allocations, Channel Sharing and Improvements to...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...12-45] Innovation in the Broadcast Television Bands: Allocations, Channel Sharing...bands currently used by the broadcast television service available for new uses as required...also preserving the integrity of the television broadcast service. DATES:...

2012-05-23

486

21 CFR 886.5820 - Closed-circuit television reading system.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Closed-circuit television reading system. 886.5820 Section... § 886.5820 Closed-circuit television reading system. (a) Identification. A closed-circuit television reading system is a device...

2010-04-01

487

25 CFR 169.26 - Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications facilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications...26 Telephone and telegraph lines; radio, television, and other communications...lines for communication purposes, and for radio, television, and other forms...

2010-04-01

488

Television as a Talking Picture Book: A Prop for Language Acquisition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study provides longitudinal observations of young children's behaviors while viewing television in their own homes, over a time when the children were actively involved in the process of language acquisition. A total of 16 children were observed for a period ranging from 6 to 8 months. At the beginning, their ages ranged from 6 and 1/2 to 29…

Lemish, Dafna; Rice, Mabel L.

489

Everybody's Kids: A Research Report for Television on Parenting in Today's Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This printed guide is designed to accompany a 60-minute television program (available on videotape) on positive parenting, including: the use of time, discipline, respect and responsibility, and community parenting, with interviews with Mary Pipher of "In the Shelter of Each Other" and Dr. Bruce Perry (Baylor University), who conducted the…

Duquaine, Jill M.

490

THE ANALYSIS OF THE 'VIRTUAL TELEVISION STUDIO' AND 'THREE DIMENSIONAL VIEW' AS A COMMUNICATION PROCESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communication in the new millenium is of great importance in all areas. Through communication and all the related concepts, the culture of globalization can grow and prosper day by day. One of the most important problems in communication is 'time and space'. The aim of this work is to suggest flexible usage of systems in television studios and to study

Pelin YILDIZ

491

Weather conditions and daily television use in the Netherlands, 1996-2005.  

PubMed

This study examines the impact of daily atmospheric weather conditions on daily television use in the Netherlands for the period 1996-2005. The effects of the weather parameters are considered in the context of mood and mood management theory. It is proposed that inclement and uncomfortable weather conditions are associated with lower human mood, and that watching entertainment and avoiding informational programs may serve to repair such mood. We consequently hypothesize that people spend more time watching television if inclement and uncomfortable weather conditions (low temperatures, little sunshine, much precipitation, high wind velocity, less daylight) coincide with more airtime for entertainment programs, but that they view less if the same weather conditions coincide with more airtime devoted to information fare. We put this interaction thesis to a test using a time series analysis of daily television viewing data of the Dutch audience obtained from telemeters (T?=?3,653), merged with meteorological weather station statistics and program broadcast figures, whilst controlling for a wide array of recurrent and one-time societal events. The results provide substantial support for the proposed interaction of program airtime and the weather parameters temperature and sunshine on aggregate television viewing time. Implications of the findings are discussed. PMID:20978912

Eisinga, Rob; Franses, Philip Hans; Vergeer, Maurice

2011-07-01

492

Sleep and Television and Computer Habits of Swedish School-Age Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to investigate sleep, television and computer habits and enjoyment and feelings of tiredness in school of school-age children and adolescents in Sweden. An instrument found to be valid and reliable here was distributed to 3,011 children aged 6, 7, 10, 14, and 16 years. Those sleeping less than the median length of time

Garmy, Pernilla; Nyberg, Per; Jakobsson, Ulf

2012-01-01

493

Underwater television observations of Serpula vermicularis (L.) reefs and associated mobile fauna in Loch Creran, Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The behaviour of Serpula vermicularis reef worms and associated mobile fauna in Loch Creran, on the west coast of Scotland, was recorded for six weeks using underwater television. The reef worms were extended almost continually, generally only retracting when stimulated by the close proximity of a predator. The length of hiding time varied according to the species triggering the reaction.

E. S. Poloczanska; D. J. Hughes; M. T. Burrows

2004-01-01

494

Positioning in Chinese Digital Television Network Using TDS-OFDM Signals  

E-print Network

complementary to global positioning system. For Chinese DTV broadcasting network whose key technology is time. INTRODUCTION Compared with global positioning system (GPS) signals, digital television (DTV) signals have much presents the complete positioning scheme us- ing TDS-OFDM signals for Chinese DTV system in single

Chen, Sheng

495

Weather conditions and daily television use in the Netherlands, 1996-2005  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examines the impact of daily atmospheric weather conditions on daily television use in the Netherlands for the period 1996-2005. The effects of the weather parameters are considered in the context of mood and mood management theory. It is proposed that inclement and uncomfortable weather conditions are associated with lower human mood, and that watching entertainment and avoiding informational programs may serve to repair such mood. We consequently hypothesize that people spend more time watching television if inclement and uncomfortable weather conditions (low temperatures, little sunshine, much precipitation, high wind velocity, less daylight) coincide with more airtime for entertainment programs, but that they view less if the same weather conditions coincide with more airtime devoted to information fare. We put this interaction thesis to a test using a time series analysis of daily television viewing data of the Dutch audience obtained from telemeters ( T = 3,653), merged with meteorological weather station statistics and program broadcast figures, whilst controlling for a wide array of recurrent and one-time societal events. The results provide substantial support for the proposed interaction of program airtime and the weather parameters temperature and sunshine on aggregate television viewing time. Implications of the findings are discussed.

Eisinga, Rob; Franses, Philip Hans; Vergeer, Maurice

2011-07-01

496

Death and Television: Terror Management Theory and Themes of Law and Justice on Television  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on terror management theory, it was hypothesized that media choices may be affected by the salience of death-related thoughts. Three experiments with samples of undergraduate students were conducted to investigate whether such a process would affect preferences for law and justice television programming. In the first experiment (n = 132),…

Taylor, Laramie D.

2012-01-01

497

Keeping Pace with the New Television: Public Television and Changing Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the publication in April 1979 of the Carnegie Commission's report on the future of public radio and television in the United States, the accelerating pace of technological change has become even clearer, and this study was undertaken to provide a more detailed review of new marketplace developments, examining both service and revenue…

Mahony, Sheila; And Others

498

Television Sweep Circuits and Picture Signal Path; Radio and Television Service--Advanced: 9787.02.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course outline is designed to give students a working knowledge of radio and television theory and servicing techniques. Course content includes goals, specific block objectives, resistance-capacitance circuit characteristics, sawtooth generators sawtooth generator control and production of scanning waveforms, deflection systems, composite…

Dade County Public Schools, Miami, FL.

499

Perspectives on Television Education. Television Education Workshop: Multiculturalism Canada (Ottawa, Canada, February 26-28, 1981).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report contains discussion papers presented at a workshop held in 1981 by the Multiculturalism Directorate of the Canadian Department of the Secretary of State to consider the effects of television on public attitudes and to develop approaches for educating viewers to analyze critically what they see. The papers include (1) an overview of the…

Ungerleider, Charles S., Ed.

500

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation on Flemish television: challenges to the television effects hypothesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: People who watch a lot of medical fiction overestimate the success rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). It has been suggested that this is because CPR is usually shown to be successful on television. This study analysed a popular Flemish medical drama series. Previous research showed that heavy viewing of this series was related to overestimation of CPR success.Method: Content

J Van den Bulck; K Damiaans

2004-01-01