Sample records for prime time television

  1. Tobacco imagery on prime time UK television

    PubMed Central

    Lyons, Ailsa; McNeill, Ann; Britton, John

    2014-01-01

    Background Smoking in films is a common and well documented cause of youth smoking experimentation and uptake and hence a significant health hazard. The extent of exposure of young people to tobacco imagery in television programming has to date been far less investigated. We have therefore measured the extent to which tobacco content occurs in prime time UK television, and estimated exposure of UK youth. Methods The occurrence of tobacco, categorised as actual tobacco use, implied tobacco use, tobacco paraphernalia, other reference to tobacco, tobacco brand appearances or any of these, occurring in all prime time broadcasting on the five most popularly viewed UK television stations during 3 separate weeks in 2010 were measured by 1-minute interval coding. Youth exposure to tobacco content in the UK was estimated using media viewing figures. Findings Actual tobacco use, predominantly cigarette smoking, occurred in 73 of 613 (12%) programmes, particularly in feature films and reality TV. Brand appearances were rare, occurring in only 18 programmes, of which 12 were news or other factual genres, and 6 were episodes of the same British soap opera. Tobacco occurred with similar frequency before as after 21:00, the UK watershed for programmes suitable for youth. The estimated number of incidences of exposure of the audience aged less than 18?years for any tobacco, actual tobacco use and tobacco branding were 59 million, 16 million and 3 million, respectively on average per week. Conclusions Television programming is a source of significant exposure of youth to tobacco imagery, before and after the watershed. Tobacco branding is particularly common in Coronation Street, a soap opera popular among youth audiences. More stringent controls on tobacco in prime time television therefore have the potential to reduce the uptake of youth smoking in the UK. PMID:23479113

  2. Prime-Time Stereotyping on the New Television Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Carol Eaton

    1997-01-01

    This content analysis examines portrayals of women in prime-time promotional announcements broadcast on five television networks (ABC, NBC, CBS, FOX, and UPN) during one week in 1995. Findings supported the hypotheses that (1) women are underrepresented in all television networks' promotional announcements, and that (2) stereotypical portrayals of women in these announcements varied due to the television network's target audience.

  3. Commercial Network Television: Strategies for Programming and the Content of Prime Time TV, 1976-1979.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austin, Bruce A.

    The 1976-79 schedules of the three major television networks were analyzed to determine what strategies were used to organize prime time schedules and what types of programs appeared during prime time viewing periods. Five essential programing strategies were identified: fraction of selection (cost versus reward), lowest common denominator (wide…

  4. Alcohol Messages in Prime-Time Television Series

    PubMed Central

    RUSSELL, CRISTEL ANTONIA; RUSSELL, DALE W.

    2010-01-01

    Alcohol messages contained in television programming serve as sources of information about drinking. To better understand the ways embedded messages about alcohol are communicated, it is crucial to objectively monitor and analyze television alcohol depictions. This article presents a content analysis of an eight-week sample of eighteen prime-time programs. Alcohol messages were coded based on modalities of presentation, level of plot connection, and valence. The analysis reveals that mixed messages about alcohol often coexist but the ways in which they are presented differ: whereas negative messages are tied to the plot and communicated verbally, positive messages are associated with subtle visual portrayals. PMID:21188281

  5. On learning science and pseudoscience from prime-time television programming

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whittle, Christopher Henry

    The purpose of the present dissertation is to determine whether the viewing of two particular prime-time television programs, ER and The X-Files, increases viewer knowledge of science and to identify factors that may influence learning from entertainment television programming. Viewer knowledge of scientific dialogue from two science-based prime-time television programs, ER, a serial drama in a hospital emergency room and The X-Files, a drama about two Federal Bureau of Investigation agents who pursue alleged extraterrestrial life and paranormal activity, is studied. Level of viewing, education level, science education level, experiential factors, level of parasocial interaction, and demographic characteristics are assessed as independent variables affecting learning from entertainment television viewing. The present research involved a nine-month long content analysis of target television program dialogue and data collection from an Internet-based survey questionnaire posted to target program-specific on-line "chat" groups. The present study demonstrated that entertainment television program viewers incidentally learn science from entertainment television program dialogue. The more they watch, the more they learn. Viewing a pseudoscientific fictional television program does necessarily influence viewer beliefs in pseudoscience. Higher levels of formal science study are reflected in more science learning and less learning of pseudoscience from entertainment television program viewing. Pseudoscience learning from entertainment television programming is significantly related to experience with paranormal phenomena, higher levels of viewer parasocial interaction, and specifically, higher levels of cognitive parasocial interaction. In summary, the greater a viewer's understanding of science the more they learn when they watch their favorite science-based prime-time television programs. Viewers of pseudoscience-based prime-time television programming with higher levels of paranormal experiences and parasocial interaction demonstrate cognitive interest in and learning of their favorite television program characters ideas and beliefs. What television viewers learn from television is related to what they bring to the viewing experience. Television viewers are always learning, even when their intentions are to simply relax and watch the tube.

  6. Older Adults in Prime-Time Television Dramas in Taiwan: Prevalence, Portrayal, and Communication Interaction

    E-print Network

    Lien, Shu-Chin; Zhang, Yan Bing; Hummert, Mary Lee

    2009-09-01

    A content and thematic analysis of 109 episodes (94.9 hours) of prime-time dramas examined the portrayals of aging and the nature of intergenerational interaction involving older adults on Taiwanese television. The content analysis revealed...

  7. Television's Action Arsenal: Weapon Use in Prime Time.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Higgins, Patricia B.; Ray, Marla W.

    This study was conducted to fill a basic information gap in the television violence research literature, namely, or lack of information on the instruments of violence. Weapon use was chosen not only because it is a manageable component of the entire television violence issue, but because it is one that is clearly subject to modification by the…

  8. Prime-Time Stereotyping on the New Television Networks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eaton, B. Carol

    1997-01-01

    Finds that women are underrepresented in all five television networks' promotional announcements (ABC, CBS, NBC, Fox, and UPN), and that stereotypical portrayals of women in these announcements varied due to the television network's target audience: announcements on networks seeking a younger male audience contained more stereotypical female…

  9. Prosocial and Antisocial Interaction on Television: Conflict and Jealousy on Prime Time.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comstock, Jamie; Strzyzewski, Krystyna

    A study analyzed prime time television programs for the presence of interpersonal predicaments, specifically family conflict and situations involving jealousy, envy, and rivalry. The portrayal of these situations was evaluated according to relevant pro- and antisocial criteria. A total of 17 one-hour episodes and 24 half-hour episodes were…

  10. Portrayal of Religion in Prime-Time Television Drama.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Virts, Paul H.; Keeler, John D.

    In order to stimulate scholars to investigate systematically and fully the religious dimension of dramatic television content, the first part of this paper develops a basic framework for such study. After establishing the importance of this kind of research, it defines and explains the four basic variables that would have to be examined: general…

  11. The depiction of guns on prime time television.

    PubMed

    Price, J H; Merrill, E A; Clause, M E

    1992-01-01

    Two weeks of regular prime-time programming on four major networks (ABC, CBS, Fox, and NBC) was monitored for scenes in which guns were either used or displayed. Guns were seen most often on CBS, Saturdays and Sundays, and later in the evenings. Middle-aged, white males were depicted as gun users in better than 75% of the scenes. Most scenes involved pistols. Most often the person who used the gun suffered no repercussions. When a victim was depicted as being shot, seldom was the pain of the victim, the victim's family, or friends demonstrated. PMID:1548857

  12. A Content Analysis of Music Placement in Prime-Time Television Advertising

    Microsoft Academic Search

    DAVID ALLAN

    2008-01-01

    Music is very popular in advertising. You can hear as much music in commercials as you can on some commercial radio stations. This research analyzed 3,456 prime-time television commercials to not only quantify, but qualify the placement of music in advertising. Overall, 94 percent of the total advertisements (3,456) and 86 percent of the unique advertisements (715) contained some type

  13. Changes in food advertisements during 'prime-time' television from 1991 to 2006 in the UK and Canada.

    PubMed

    Adams, Jean; Hennessy-Priest, Kathleen; Ingimarsdóttir, Sigrún; Sheeshka, Judy; Řstbye, Truls; White, Martin

    2009-08-01

    Food advertisements on mainstream television have received less research attention than those on children's television. Little is known about how television food advertisements vary internationally or if there have been changes over recent years. We describe food-related television advertisements and the nutrient content of foods advertised during prime-time television in Ontario, Canada and the UK in 1991 and 2006. Information on what advertisements were broadcast were obtained from video recordings and audience research bureaux. Data on nutrient content of foods advertised were obtained from manufacturers and standard food tables. The proportion of advertisements that were food related decreased between 1991 and 2006 in both countries. The frequency of food-related advertisements was relatively constant in Canada but decreased between 1991 and 2006 in the UK. In 1991, advertisements for beverages and meals predominated in both countries. By 2006, food-related advertisements in Canada were dominated by meals and restaurants. In the UK advertisements for food stores and beverages predominated. The 'TV diet' in Canada in 1991 was relatively high in fat, high in alcohol and low in fibre, compared to current recommendations. By 2006, this had changed to high in fat and sodium and low in fibre. The 'TV diet' in the UK in 1991 was high in fat, sodium, sugar and alcohol and low in fibre compared to current recommendations. By 2006, the UK 'TV diet' was high in sodium, sugar and alcohol and low in fibre. Foods advertised on 'prime-time' television do not reflect a healthful diet. PMID:19243640

  14. Television Programming during "People's Time."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Austin, Bruce A.

    A study was initiated to answer questions concerning television programing during "people's time" in a medium-sized market. "People's time" is defined as local prime time from 4:00 p.m. to 8:00 p.m. as contrasted with prime or network time and is considered a time when local broadcasters have an opportunity to serve their audience's…

  15. Older adults in prime-time television dramas in Taiwan: prevalence, portrayal, and communication interaction.

    PubMed

    Lien, Shu-Chin; Zhang, Yan Bing; Hummert, Mary Lee

    2009-12-01

    A content and thematic analysis of 109 episodes (94.9 h) of prime-time dramas examined the portrayals of aging and the nature of intergenerational interaction involving older adults on Taiwanese television. The content analysis revealed that older characters, regardless of sex, appeared less frequently and in less prominent roles than other adult characters, but not in comparison to adolescents and children. The older characters who did appear, however, were predominantly portrayed as cognitively sound and physically healthy. The thematic analysis provided a different picture, showing that older characters talked about age explicitly, strategically linking it to death and despondence, to influence younger characters. Communication behavior themes identified included supporting, superiority, and controlling for older characters, and reverence/respect for younger characters. Findings are compared to those from similar studies of U.S. media and discussed from a Cultivation Theory perspective in terms of their reinforcement of Chinese age stereotypes and the traditional values of filial piety and age hierarchy in the context of globalization and culture change. PMID:19757005

  16. Coming Out Stories: The Creation [of] Lesbian Images on Prime Time TV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moritz, Marguerite J.

    Several forces are allowing, for the first time in the history of television, the creation of prime time texts with lesbian characters. Chief among these forces are the relatively marginalized position of broadcast television brought on by increasing cable penetration and home video ownership, liberalized censorship guidelines on the part of the…

  17. From Adultescents to Zoomers: An Examination of Age and Gender in Prime-Time Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martha M. Lauzen; David M. Dozier; Barbara Reyes

    2007-01-01

    In sampling situation comedies and dramas airing on the six broadcast networks during the 2003–2004 prime-time season, this study examined the characterization of age and gender. Findings indicated that prime time over-represented individuals in their 30s and 40s and under-represented individuals 60 and older. Characters in their 20s enjoyed an extended adolescence, participating in more leisure and sexual activities than

  18. Prime-Time Health: An Analysis of Health Content In Television Commercials Broadcast During Programs Viewed Heavily by Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carol Byrd-Bredbenner; Darlene Grasso

    For Americans of all ages, television is the primary source of health information. A major concern is the inadequate, inaccurate, and\\/or questionable content of messages embedded in television programs and commercials. To facilitate our work as health educators, an up-to-date description of the health-related content (HRC) shown on television is needed. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify,

  19. Timing crisis information release via television.

    PubMed

    Wei, Jiuchang; Zhao, Dingtao; Yang, Feng; Du, Shaofu; Marinova, Dora

    2010-10-01

    When and how often to release information on television are important issues in crisis and emergency risk communication. There is a lot of crisis information, including warnings and news, to which people should have access, but most of it is not significantly urgent to interrupt the broadcasting of television programmes. Hence, the right timing for the release of crisis information should be selected based on the importance of the crisis and any associated communication requirements. Using recursive methods, this paper builds an audience coverage model of crisis information release. Based on 2007 Household Using TV (HUT) data for Hefei City, China, the optimal combination of broadcasting sequence (with frequencies between one and eight times) is obtained using the implicit enumeration method. The developed model is applicable to effective transmission of crisis information, with the aim of reducing interference with the normal television transmission process and decreasing the psychological effect on audiences. The same model can be employed for other purposes, such as news coverage and weather and road information. PMID:20572851

  20. Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PIERRE BOURDIEU

    2001-01-01

    Television claims to report reality but largely creates its own reality. There is very little autonomy, largely because the competition for market share is so intense. The pressure to fill the space is strong; hence, it must be something for everyone. Everyone is looking over their shoulder to see what their rivals are saying; to know what to say, you

  1. The Prime-Time Rule: A Misadventure in Broadcast Regulation?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, W. Clayton; Batlivala, Robert B.

    1973-01-01

    A discussion of the Federal Communications Commission's Prime-Time Rule'' restricting local TV station use of network programming in key evening hours and its implications for television programming. (HB)

  2. Reading on Television?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dewalt, Mark W.; And Others

    The portrayal of reading, writing, and other selected behaviors on prime-time network television was examined in this two-part study. First, an interest inventory was administered to a sample of 301 elementary students (i.e., grades 1-5) in South Carolina, Virginia, and Pennsylvania to determine their favorite television shows, books, and school…

  3. Fall Colors: How Diverse Is the 1999-2000 TV Season's Prime Time Lineup?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heintz-Knowles, Katharine E.; Chen, Perry

    Because children today are growing up in an era of increasing racial and ethnic diversity and because television provides a steady educational influence on children's attitudes and perceptions, it is important to examine the extent to which television programming reflects diversity in all its forms. This study was commissioned by Children Now to…

  4. The compatibility of LCD TVs with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization

    E-print Network

    The compatibility of LCD TVs with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization Andrew J. Woods, Perth WA 6845, Australia. ABSTRACT Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD) are now a popular display technology for consumer television applications. Our previous research has shown that conventional LCD computer monitors

  5. Barriers to Creativity in Television Entertainment Programming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westen, Tracy A.

    Interviews with people who write, direct, act, or otherwise work in television indicate that as television has reached toward larger and larger audiences its tendency to suppress creativity, diversity, and self-expression has also increased. Acquisition or network control over the creative process has caused prime time television to exhibit at…

  6. Television and Adolescents' Perceptions about Work.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Signorielli, Nancy

    1993-01-01

    Updates knowledge about the representation of occupations on prime-time network dramatic television using data on 14,902 television characters, and explores how these representations may be related to perceptions of over 3,000 high school students about their future work. Television may be doing young people a disservice in its portrayals. (SLD)

  7. Social Trust, Social Partner Time and Television Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patulny, Roger

    2011-01-01

    Social trust is an important phenomenon, but the influence of important time-based measures upon trust has not been examined. Such measures include social contact and anti-social activity, such as television watching, which allows for the co-presence of other people. This paper reports on associations between trust and weighted means of co-present…

  8. The Effects of Television Consumption on Social Percrptions: The Use of Priming Procedures to Investigate Psychological Processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas C OGuinn

    1998-01-01

    Two studies investigated the extent to which heavy television viewing affects consumers perceptions of social reality and the cognitive processes that underlie these effects. Both studies found evidence heavy viewers beliefs about social reality are more consistent with the content of television programming than are those of light viewers. The use of a priming methodology provided support for the notion

  9. Priming Effects of Television Food Advertising on Eating Behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer L. Harris; John A. Bargh; Kelly D. Brownell

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Health advocates have focused on the prevalence of advertising for calorie-dense low-nutrient foods as a significant contributor to the obesity epidemic. This research tests the hypothesis that exposure to food advertising during TV viewing may also contribute to obesity by triggering automatic snacking of available food. Design: In Experiments 1a and 1b, elementary-school-age children watched a cartoon that contained

  10. How Young Children Spend Their Time: Television and Other Activities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huston, Aletha C.; Wright, John C.; Marquis, Janet; Green, Samuel B.

    1999-01-01

    Examined television viewing over three years among two cohorts of 2- and 4-year olds. Found that viewing declined with age. With age, time in reading and educational activities increased on weekdays but declined on weekends, and sex differences in time-use patterns increased. Increased time in educational activities, social interaction, and video…

  11. Remote real-time library instruction via cable television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pamela Zilius; Deborah Tenofsky

    2000-01-01

    In the fall semester of 1996, the University of Michigan experimented with distance education via the University's cable television network (UMTV). UMTV supplied a mechanism for high-quality, low-cost delivery of real-time remote communication. Through this mechanism, librarians provided distance education to students in the classroom at their point of need, without disturbing the flow of instruction.

  12. Time Warp Sports for Internet Television DAN R. OLSEN, BRETT PARTRIDGE, and STEPHEN LYNN

    E-print Network

    Olsen Jr., Dan R.

    16 Time Warp Sports for Internet Television DAN R. OLSEN, BRETT PARTRIDGE, and STEPHEN LYNN Brigham Young University Internet-based video delivery offers new opportunities for interactive television. The creation and usability of interactive television is very different from desktop or web-based interaction

  13. Television as a Source of Learning Sex Role Stereotypes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGhee, Paul E.

    This study examined the effects of heavy versus light television viewing on the degree to which children possess sex role stereotypes. Reference was made to content analyses of children's television programs, prime time dramatic programs, and commercials, to show that traditional sex role stereotypes are present in most aspects of television

  14. Television's "Soap" Controversy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stutzman, Brent

    The situation comedy, "Soap," television's first prime-time sex farce, stirred controversy months before its premiere, and subsequent pressure on advertisers forced the network to change the show's concept from an adult comedy to a "whodunit." This report summarizes the controversy, recounts reactions to the series, and lists the implications of…

  15. The Educational Significance of Educational Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexander R. Thomas; Polly J. Smith; Brian M. Lowe

    Abstract On paper, the promise of a Capitalistic media marketplace has been met, even with such public service markets as educational television. However, little research has been conducted about the actual quality of educational television, whether found on PBS or on the corporate educational networks. This study examines 525 hours of prime-time educational programming,recorded over a period of 18 months.

  16. Televised Television Literacy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorr, Aimee; And Others

    Ninety-four children, aged 5 to 12 years, were subjects of a study of recall of television literacy messages (drop-ins). The 30-second "How To Watch TV" (HTWTV) segments were designed for broadcast on Saturday mornings by the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) to convey to children some information and values about television (e.g., animals do…

  17. Television and Reading.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaughnessy, Michael F.

    While the influence of television on reading has only been minimally researched, it is obvious that the more television watching children do, the less time is spent on reading. Over 10 years, the cumulative effects of television viewing can be devastating. Watching television is a passive, receptive activity. Children also watch MTV, rent movies,…

  18. Association of Television Viewing Time with Body Composition and Calcified Subclinical Atherosclerosis in Singapore Chinese

    PubMed Central

    Nang, Ei Ei Khaing; van Dam, Rob M.; Tan, Chuen Seng; Mueller-Riemenschneider, Falk; Lim, Yi Ting; Ong, Kai Zhi; Ee, Siqing; Lee, Jeannette; Tai, E. Shyong

    2015-01-01

    Objective Sedentary behavior such as television viewing may be an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease. However, few studies have assessed the impact of television viewing time on coronary artery calcification and it remains unclear how body fat contributes to this relationship. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association between television viewing time and subclinical atherosclerosis and whether effects on visceral or subcutaneous fat may mediate any associations observed. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of 398 Chinese participants (192 men and 206 women) from Singapore prospective study. Participants were free from known cardiovascular diseases and underwent interview, health screening, computed tomography scans of coronary arteries and abdomen. Spearman’s correlation was used to test the correlation between television viewing time, physical activity, body composition and abdominal fat distribution. The association between television viewing time and subclinical atherosclerosis was assessed by multiple logistic regression analysis. Results In men, television viewing time was significantly correlated with higher body fat mass index, percent body fat, subcutaneous and visceral fat. These associations were in the same direction, but weaker and not statistically significant in women. Television viewing time (hours/day) was associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in men (odds ratio: 1.41, 95% CI: 1.03-1.93) but no significant association was observed in women (odds ratio: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.59-1.31) after adjusting for potential socio-demographic and lifestyle confounders. Further adjustments for biological factors did not affect these associations. Conclusions Television viewing time was associated with greater adiposity and higher subcutaneous and visceral fat in men. TV viewing time was also associated with subclinical atherosclerosis in men and the potential mechanisms underlying this association require further investigation. PMID:26132754

  19. Values in Prime Time Alcoholic Beverage Commercials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frazer, Charles F.

    Content analysis was used to study the values evident in televised beer and wine commercials. Seventy-seven prime time commercials, 7.6% of a week's total, were analyzed along value dimensions adapted from Gallup's measure of popular social values. The intensity of each value was coded on a five-point scale. None of the commercials in the beer and…

  20. Television viewing time and weight gain in colorectal cancer survivors: a prospective population-based study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katrien Wijndaele; Brigid M. Lynch; Neville Owen; David W. Dunstan; Stephen Sharp; Joanne F. Aitken

    2009-01-01

    Objective  To investigate the prospective relationships between television viewing time and weight gain in the 3 years following colorectal\\u000a cancer diagnosis for 1,867 colorectal cancer survivors (body mass index (BMI) ? 18.5 kg\\/m2).\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  BMI, television viewing time, physical activity, and socio-demographic and clinical covariates were assessed at baseline (5 months),\\u000a 24 months and 36 months post-diagnosis. Multiple linear regression was used to study independent associations between baseline\\u000a television

  1. An Analysis of Television Family Nutrition and Eating Habits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Mary S.

    To describe the eating habits of the children and adults on several popular prime time television series, this study examined the latent content of television messages concerned with health care and nutrition. A sample of nine episodes of "The Cosby Show,""Growing Pains" and "Family Ties," during the 1986-87 season was studied. Each program was…

  2. Nielsen Television '73; A Look at the Medium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nielsen (A.C.) Co., Chicago, IL.

    The latest (1973) edition of Nielsen Television presents data on the television audience. Major findings are graphically summarized and data are presented for: number of stations receivable by household; households equipped with TV sets; United States TV households with color television; total United States households using television by time of…

  3. Television Viewing Time in Hong Kong Adult Population: Associations with Body Mass Index and Obesity

    PubMed Central

    Xie, Yao Jie; Stewart, Sunita M.; Lam, Tai Hing; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula; Chan, Sophia S.

    2014-01-01

    Background Obesity is increasing dramatically in the Asia-Pacific region particularly China. The population of Hong Kong was exposed to modernization far earlier than the rest of China, reflecting conditions that are likely to be replicated as other Chinese cities undergo rapid change. This study examined the relationship between television viewing and obesity in a Hong Kong sample. Information about the relationship between a key sedentary behavior, TV viewing, and obesity, and its moderation by demographic characteristics may identify sectors of the population at highest risk for excess weight. Methods Data were from Hong Kong Family and Health Information Trends Survey (2009–2010), a population-based survey on the public's use of media for health information and family communication by telephone interviews with 3,016 Hong Kong adults (age?18 years). TV viewing time, body mass index (BMI), physical activity and other lifestyle variables were analyzed. Results Viewing time was longer in women, increased with age but decreased with education level and vigorous physical activity (all P<0.01). Longer TV viewing time was significantly associated with higher BMI (Coefficients B?=?0.17, 95% CI: 0.11, 0.24) after adjusting for age, gender, employment status, marital status, education level, smoking activity and vigorous physical activity. This association was stronger in women than men (Coefficients B: 0.19 versus 0.15) and strongest in those aged 18 to 34 years (Coefficients B?=?0.35). Furthermore, an hour increase in daily TV viewing was associated with 10% greater odds of being obese. Conclusions A significant socioeconomic gradient in television viewing time was observed. TV viewing time positively associated with BMI and obesity. The TV viewing – BMI associations were strongest in women and young adults, suggesting vulnerable groups to target for obesity prevention by decreasing TV viewing. PMID:24427309

  4. More TV Time May Mean Higher Diabetes Risk

    MedlinePLUS

    More TV Time May Mean Higher Diabetes Risk, Study Finds People with prediabetes were 3.4 percent more prone to get ... changes did end up watching less television over time, the study found. The results are troubling, given ...

  5. Spectral properties and bandlimiting effects of time compressed television signals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Eng, K. Y.; Yue, O.-C.

    Time compression multiplexing (TCM) makes it possible to multiplex multiple signals for transmission in a common communication channel. TCM has certain advantages over frequency division multiplexing (FDM), because degrading effects due to transponder nonlinearities can be avoided. The present analysis takes into account two basic aspects of TCM, the spectral properties and the bandlimiting effects of the time compressed signal. Numerical examples of output spectra are presented, taking into account rectangular, triangular, half-cosine, and truncated half-cosine relations. It is found that the filtering of a time compressed TV signal creates small ripples following each signal burst. However, the inter-burst interference due to these ripples can be made negligible by making use of a small guard time between different signal bursts.

  6. Television 2020

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lapping, Brian

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author discusses the possible changes in the medium of television by the year 2020. He predicts that the viewers of the future will each have a simple gadget that will enable them to select exactly what they want to view--at their own choice of time. Nobody will sit through the end of a programme they do not want to watch in…

  7. Naturally Occurring Changes in Time Spent Watching Television Are Inversely Related to Frequency of Physical Activity during Early Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Motl, Robert W.; McAuley, Edward; Birnbaum, Amanda S.; Lytle, Leslie A.

    2006-01-01

    In this longitudinal study, we examined the relationship between changes in time spent watching television and playing video games with frequency of leisure-time physical activity across a 2-year period among adolescent boys and girls (N=4594). Latent growth modelling indicated that a decrease in time spent watching television was associated with…

  8. Exploring Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhns, William

    "Exploring Television" is an inquiry/discovery textbook designed to help students to understand, analyze, criticize, evaluate, and judge the experiences they have had in front of the television set. The text consists of three main parts. "The Medium" inquires into the radio-movie origins of television and prompts research into the networks and…

  9. Television Content.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malik, M. F.

    Focusing on changes in the minds of the audience, this study of the impact of television programs provides a general analysis of the perceptual spectrum of the television audience and its values, preferences, and attachments to the content of television programs. Influences are identified and cued to the development of programming, and findings of…

  10. You Can't Get There from Here: Children's Understanding of Time-Leaps on Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abelman, Robert

    1990-01-01

    Examines children's understanding of temporal order as depicted on television through three techniques: canonical sequencing, reversed sequencing, and time leaps. A study of four-, six-, and eight-year olds is described, and findings suggest that cognitive skills associated with the ability to comprehend liquid conservation contribute to…

  11. The effect of television day part on gender portrayals in television commercials: A content analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Stephen Craig

    1992-01-01

    Gender portrayals in 2,209 network television commercials were content analyzed. To compare differences between three day parts, the sample was chosen from three time periods: daytime, when the audience is mostly women; evening prime time, when the sex of the audience is more evenly distributed; and weekend afternoon sportscasts, when men are a large percentage of the audience. The results

  12. Television and Conceptions about Sex Roles: Maintaining Conventionality and the Status Quo.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Signorielli, Nancy

    1989-01-01

    Explores the image of men and women in annual week-long samples of prime-time network dramatic television programing over the past 17 years. Examines the relationship between television viewing and adult espousal of sexist views of the roles of men and women in society. (JS)

  13. Educational Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Distance Education Report, 1999

    1999-01-01

    The third in a series on the history of distance education, this article suggests that a historic look at educational television can provide lessons for a newer medium--the Internet. Discussion includes early attempts in higher education to use instructional television; early funding of educational programs; and an experiment that involved a DC-6…

  14. Television Production.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hird, John R.; Balzarini, Steven

    This document is a course of study to provide high school students with an introduction to television production skills and techniques and to provide a framework for developing critical television viewing skills. The nine units of the course introduce students to storyboards, camera operations, lighting, audio, video recording, graphics,…

  15. A Structuralist Approach to Television Criticism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robards, Brooks

    Although television is highly dependent on language and semiotic analysis, its form can best be analyzed through the structural notion of transformation. The critic's task becomes the articulation of structural laws intrinsic to television. One such law has to do with how television structures time. Television programming transforms action into…

  16. ObesiTV: how television is influencing the obesity epidemic.

    PubMed

    Boulos, Rebecca; Vikre, Emily Kuross; Oppenheimer, Sophie; Chang, Hannah; Kanarek, Robin B

    2012-08-20

    Obesity is a major public health concern in the United States. Over the last several decades, the prevalence of obesity among both adults and children has grown at an alarming rate and is now reaching epidemic proportions. The increase in obesity has been associated with rises in a host of other chronic conditions including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers. While the causes of obesity are multifaceted, there is growing evidence that television viewing is a major contributor. Results of numerous studies indicate a direct association between time spent watching television and body weight. Possible explanations for this relationship include: 1) watching television acts as a sedentary replacement for physical activity; 2) food advertisements for nutrient-poor, high-calorie foods stimulate food intake; and 3) television viewing is associated with "mindless" eating. In addition to decreasing physical activity and increasing the consumption of highly palatable foods, television viewing can also promote weight gain in indirect ways, such as through the use of targeted product placements in television shows; by influencing social perceptions of body image; and airing programs that portray cooking, eating and losing weight as entertainment. This paper will provide an interdisciplinary review of the direct and indirect ways in which television influences the obesity epidemic, and conclude with ways in which the negative impact of television on obesity could be reduced. PMID:22677722

  17. Cable Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    This report provides information about cable television and the Federal Communications Commission's (FCC) responsibilities in regulating its operation. The initial jurisdiction and rules covered in this report pertain to the court test, public hearing, certificate of compliance, franchising, signal carriage, leapfrogging, access and origination…

  18. The Association of Screen Time, Television in the Bedroom, and Obesity among School-Aged Youth: 2007 National Survey of Children's Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wethington, Holly; Pan, Liping; Sherry, Bettylou

    2013-01-01

    Background: Among school-aged youth, we sought to identify characteristics associated with (1) exceeding screen time recommendations (ie, television/videos/video games more than 2 hours/weekday), and (2) exceeding screen time recommendations, the presence of a television in the bedroom, and obesity. Methods: Using 2007 National Survey of…

  19. TV and the 1956 Presidential Campaign: Insights into the Evolution of Political Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Craig M.

    Contrary to the prevailing view that 1952 was the year of the first nationally televised political conventions, only 32 states had TV stations at that time; nor did the term "TV candidate" originate in the Kennedy (1960) or Nixon (1968) campaigns. In fact, it is Dwight Eisenhower and the campaign of 1956 that deserve this recognition. Contemporary…

  20. CHILDREN AND TV, TELEVISION'S IMPACT ON THE CHILD.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GRAY, NAN; SUNDERLIN, SYLVIA

    VARIOUS POINTS OF VIEW ARE PRESENTED ON THE EFFECT OF TELEVISION UPON CHILDREN. CONTENTS--(1) TELEVISION, TIGER BY THE TAIL--ERNA CHRISTENSEN. (2) TELEVISION'S IMPACT ON THE CHILD--RALPH GARRY. (3) SOME RESEARCH ON TV--PAUL A. WITTY. (4) THE CURRICULUM CONTENT OF CHILDREN'S TELEVISION PROGRAMS AND COMMERCIALS--MARIE TOWNSEND MOORE AND JULIANA…

  1. Helping Parents Reduce Children's Television Viewing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jason, Leonard A.; Fries, Michael

    2004-01-01

    Parents and educators around the country are concerned about the amount of time children watch television. Part of this concern stems from the fact that a considerable amount of violence is regularly portrayed on television. In addition, those youngsters who watch an excessive amount of television have little time for developing other interests…

  2. Prime-Time Whitewash.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gitlin, Todd

    1983-01-01

    Discusses the relative absence of Black and Jewish characters in television programs. Charges that the networks' fear of presenting Jews and Blacks as realistic characters in realistic situations arises from the mistaken notion that the viewing public is uneducated, myopic, and easily bewildered. (GC)

  3. SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DEWEY, RICHARD H.

    A SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY ON INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION HAS BEEN PREPARED, WITH AN ANNOTATION FOR EACH ENTRY. ENTRIES INCLUDE "TELEVISION FOR CALIFORNIA SCHOOLS,""TELEVISION IN TEACHER EDUCATION,""TEACH WITH TELEVISION,""IN-SERVICE EDUCATION BY TELEVISION,""THE USE OF CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION TO IMPROVE TEACHER EFFECTIVENESS,""TEACHING BY TV IN…

  4. Sex, Kids and the Family Hour: A Three-Part Study of Sexual Content on Television. A Special Report from Children Now and the Kaiser Family Foundation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaiser Foundation, Oakland, CA.

    This series of studies focused on the content of television programming about sexual activity and sexual relationships, examining what messages are communicated in the so-called "family hour," the first hour of prime time broadcast television (8-9 p.m. in most areas of the country). First, a content analysis documented the nature of sexual…

  5. Easy Displacement Versus Time Graphs for a Vibrating String: Tuning a Guitar by Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Gordon E.; Ferguson, Joe L.

    1980-01-01

    Discusses the effect of silhouetting a vertical vibrating string against a television screen. The article also reports the usefulness of the effect in tuning stringed instruments and as a possible basis for lecture demonstrations and student discussions and investigations. (HM)

  6. Television News as Rhetoric

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Craig R.

    1977-01-01

    Contends that television is a pre-eminent source of persuasion in American today and examines the television news reporting strategies that have succeeded in contributing to televisions persuasive impact. (MH)

  7. Television and Children's Fantasy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Singer, Dorothy; Kelly, Helen Bryman

    1985-01-01

    Television can be a source of knowledge and information or it can cause negative behavior. Parents can help their children understand the difference between fantasy and reality on television and help make television viewing a positive event. (DF)

  8. EVR Television Catalog.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1972

    Electronic Video Recording (EVR) is a system which permits the user to play programs of any type, at any time he desires, using an EVR player which connects to his television set and EVR cartridges. This catalog provides detailed information about more than 600 programs which many organizations have declared an intention to offer on EVR…

  9. Adolescents and television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leo B. Hendry; Helen Patrick

    1977-01-01

    This study was divided into two parts. The first part consisted of an investigation of the frequency of television viewing among a sample of 2302 15-year-olds in 12 comprehensive schools. Subjects were divided into two groups, high and low frequency viewers, according to their own estimate of viewing time. The general picture which emerged (with some overlap of scores) was

  10. Traditional sex role development and amount of time spent watching television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Terry Frueh; Paul E. McGhee

    1975-01-01

    Tested the hypothesis that the amount of time spent watching TV is significantly related to the strength of traditional sex-role development. Data from 80 kindergartners and 2nd, 4th, and 6th graders support the hypothesis and suggest that this relationship holds equally for both sexes and does not change with increasing age.

  11. Hidden addiction: Television

    PubMed Central

    Sussman, Steve; Moran, Meghan B.

    2013-01-01

    Background and aims: The most popular recreational pastime in the U.S. is television viewing. Some researchers have claimed that television may be addictive. We provide a review of the definition, etiology, prevention and treatment of the apparent phenomenon of television addiction. Methods: Selective review. Results: We provide a description of television (TV) addiction, including its negative consequences, assessment and potential etiology, considering neurobiological, cognitive and social/cultural factors. Next, we provide information on its prevention and treatment. Discussion and conclusions: We suggest that television addiction may function similarly to substance abuse disorders but a great deal more research is needed. PMID:25083294

  12. Saturday Children's Television; A Report of TV Programming and Advertising on Boston Commercial Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barcus, F. Earle

    Saturday children's television programming in Boston was monitored and videotaped so that the content could be analyzed for a study to gather data relevant to content and commercial practices. Some of the major findings were that overall, about 77 percent of time is devoted to program content and 23 percent to announcements of various kinds; that…

  13. Dramatic TV Content and Children's Sex-Role Stereotypes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, M. Mark; Reeves, Byron

    1976-01-01

    Prime-time television dramas were analyzed to isolate counter-stereotypical sex-role portrayals, and children were surveyed to determine the impact of these portrayals on sex-role perceptions. The appeal of male and female television characters as role models was also tested. (LS)

  14. Television Viewing and Symptoms of Inattention and Hyperactivity across Time: The Importance of Research Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Tara; Barnard-Brak, Lucy; To, Yen

    2009-01-01

    The importance of well-specified research questions in the evaluation of early predictors of later inattention and hyperactivity is examined. In an analysis of a nationally representative sample of 2,717 children aged 4 to 10, latent growth trajectories for television viewing and inattention and hyperactivity are determined and the relationship of…

  15. Alcohol imagery on popularly viewed television in the UK

    PubMed Central

    Lyons, Ailsa; McNeill, Ann; Britton, John

    2014-01-01

    Background Exposure to alcohol consumption and product imagery in films is associated with increased alcohol consumption among young people, but the extent to which exposure also occurs through television is not clear. We have measured the occurrence of alcohol imagery in prime-time broadcasting on UK free-to-air television channels. Methods Occurrence of alcohol imagery (actual use, implied use, brand appearances or other reference to alcohol) was measured in all broadcasting on the five most popular UK television stations between 6 and 10 p.m. during 3 weeks in 2010, by 1-min interval coding. Results Alcohol imagery occurred in over 40% of broadcasts, most commonly soap operas, feature films, sport and comedies, and was equally frequent before and after the 9 p.m. watershed. Brand appearances occurred in 21% of programmes, and over half of all sports programmes, a third of soap operas and comedies and a fifth of advertising/trailers. Three brands, Heineken, Budweiser and Carlsberg together accounted for ?40% of all brand depictions. Conclusions Young people are exposed to frequent alcohol imagery, including branding, in UK prime-time television. It is likely that this exposure has an important effect on alcohol consumption in young people. PMID:23929886

  16. How older people watch television. Telemetric data on the TV use in Germany in 1996.

    PubMed

    Grajczyk, A; Zöllner, O

    1998-01-01

    This study has been prompted by the relatively small body of knowledge on the media use of the elderly. The aim of this study was to show how people 50 years and older use the medium television in Germany. Therefore, the 1996 television usership data collected in a representative 'peoplemeter' panel of about 4,800 German television households have been surveyed, processed and analyzed using standard audience research software. In 1996, Germans 50 years and above watched on average 233 min television per day. The older a person, the longer he or she watches television. Individuals 65 years and older watch television for 253 min per day. This subgroup appears to comprise the most intensive users of the medium. Men 65 years and above may be depicted as the heaviest weekend TV watchers, older women as the medium's closest followers from Monday to Friday. Television program broadcast late in the afternoon and early in the evening have by far the best chances to be chosen by seniors. The affinity of the elderly for the medium can be explained by its potential for offering entertainment, information, and companionship, being a substitute for primary interpersonal communication, a tool for structuring time patterns and keeping up the rhythms of long-established everyday rituals. On the one hand, television can be a 'lifeline' and a 'window to the outside world' for people with little opportunity for direct, unmediated social contact, thus possibly raising their satisfaction of life. On the other hand, prolonged TV use may be seen as an indicator for the degree of loneliness and neglect of the elderly. PMID:9592692

  17. Teaching on Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koehler, Anne G.

    2000-01-01

    Describes experiences in teaching with Interactive TV (ITV) network, and the mindsets and goals educators encounter in utilizing this technology. Presents four basic principles of teaching well on TV: television technology is a brand new member of the class, every student is present in class with you, our goal is not "good TV" but a good class,…

  18. TV and Teens: Television In Adolescent Social Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luker, Richard; Johnston, Jerome

    1988-01-01

    Presents television as an instrument through which adolescents can gain social experience and strengthen social development. Examines the link between watching television and social relationships, discussing how television viewing can provide "blueprints" for behavior in social situations. Lists four steps for using television as a learning tool.…

  19. FEDERAL PROGRAMS FOR EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BYSTROM, JOHN W.

    THE GROWTH AND PROGRESS OF EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION IS DESCRIBED. GRANTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF NONCOMMERCIAL TELEVISION (TV) BROADCASTING STATIONS (EDUCATIONAL TV FACILITIES ACT), GRANTS OF SURPLUS PROPERTY UNDER THE NATIONAL DEFENSE EDUCATION ACT HAVE AIDED THE GROWTH OF EDUCATIONAL TV. GREATER USE IS MADE OF EDUCATIONAL TV BECAUSE OF GREATER USE…

  20. Handbook on Hospital Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prynne, T. A.

    Designed for both hospital personnel interested in television and audiovisual personnel entering the medical field, this handbook is a verbal and pictorial survey of what is being done with TV within the medical profession. After an introduction which answers technical questions about medical TV posed during the American Hospital Association's…

  1. The Television Instructor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Air Univ., Maxwell AFB, AL.

    A basic guide to the use of television in instruction presents an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of televised instruction. It relates the characteristics of television to the laws of learning. The process of lesson planning is detailed with reference to both on-camera presentation and related student activities. In a section on the…

  2. INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION IN GERMANY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Central Inst. for Youth and Educational Television, Munich (West Germany).

    DISCUSSIONS HELD AT THE BERLIN CONGRESS ON INSTRUCTIONAL AND EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION (SEPTEMBER 27-29, 1966) ARE BRIEFLY SUMMARIZED. THIS DOCUMENT ALSO LISTS RESEARCH PROJECTS IN INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION IN GERMANY, DESCRIBES THE BAVARIAN RADIO INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION PROGRAM, SUMMARIZES THE OPINIONS OF THE GERMAN PRESS ON INSTRUCTIONAL…

  3. Living Happily with Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGilvary, Linda; Penrose, Pat

    The amount of violence and inappropriate information that children receive through television and other media is a matter of concern. This paper reviews the values of fantasy play and compares those values with the effects of television viewing on New Zealand children. Both obvious and subtle messages that children receive from television are…

  4. The Consequences of Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olson, David R.

    1981-01-01

    The pros and cons of the influence of television on society are debated. Television is considered a means by which cultural information is transmitted and a powerful mechanism of socialization. However, television can be seen as a threat to the traditional role of literacy in society. (JN)

  5. Television in American Culture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hartman, Hermene D.

    What is television doing to our society and our culture? What has it done to education? Television has had a great impact on human behavior but rather than communicating, it dictates a philosophy of life, moral judgments and a lifestyle. Television presents a violent image of society where fantasy and reality are often confused. It is a system…

  6. Television Looks at Aging.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briller, Bert R., Ed.; Knight, Pamela, Ed.

    How television is helping to make older adults more visible by drawing attention to their needs and by recognizing their contributions to society is examined in this book, which presents a sample of television programing in the 1980s. The book begins with an introduction by Mary Cassata that surveys the literature on television's roles as both…

  7. If we call them, will they change? Feasibility of a telephone adaptation of motivational interviewing aimed at parents to reduce television time among 2nd and 4th grade children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kelli L Drenner

    2009-01-01

    Television viewing is a sedentary behavior that is modifiable. Reducing media-related behaviors via parent-focused interventions may hold promise for decreasing childhood obesity. This feasibility study examines a novel parent-centered brief telephone-delivered Motivational Enhancement Interview (MEI) to encourage parents of 2nd and 4th graders to set a rules limiting TV time or remove the TV from the child's bedroom. This quasi-experimental

  8. TV-Sat - Direct television via satellite

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Schwarz

    1983-01-01

    The FRG direct-broadcast-TV satellite TV-Sat, to be launched via Ariane in 1985, is characterized. The provisions adopted by WARC 1977 for the European region are reviewed; tables listing the 12-GHz-band satellite specifications, channels, and orbital positions assigned to the subregions and countries are provided; and the coverage zone for TV-Sat is shown on maps. The project organization; modular design; antenna,

  9. Association Between Average Daily Television Viewing Time and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease-Related Mortality: Findings From the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study

    PubMed Central

    Ukawa, Shigekazu; Tamakoshi, Akiko; Yatsuya, Hiroshi; Yamagishi, Kazumasa; Ando, Masahiko; Iso, Hiroyasu

    2015-01-01

    Background Sedentary behavior is associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and cancer morbidity, and watching television (TV) is an important sedentary behavior. The aim of this study is to clarify the association between TV viewing time and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)-related mortality in Japanese adults. Methods Using the Cox proportional hazard model, we assessed COPD-related mortality by TV viewing time in a national cohort of 33 414 men and 43 274 women without cancer, stroke, myocardial infarction, or tuberculosis at baseline (1988–1990). Results The median follow-up was 19.4 years; 244 men and 34 women died of COPD. Men watching ?4 hours/day of TV were more likely to die of COPD than those watching <2 hours/day (hazard ratio 1.63; 95% confidence interval, 1.04–2.55), independent of major confounders. No association was found in women. Conclusions Avoiding a sedentary lifestyle, particularly prolonged TV viewing, may help in preventing death from COPD among men. PMID:25947581

  10. Closed Captioned Television for Adult LEP Literacy Learners. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spanos, George; Smith, Jennifer J.

    Closed captioning is the process by which audio portions of television programs are transcribed into words that appear on the television screen at the same time as the program. This digest focuses on using closed captioned television for teaching limited-English-speaking literacy learners, and looks at: (1) the educational uses of closed captioned…

  11. Interactive Television, Prospects for Two-Way Services on Cable.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baer, Walter S.

    The technology of cable television is advancing rapidly. Of prime importance to cable television in the 1970s will be the development of two-way interactive communication services on cable systems. This report describes that development; the technical, economic, and regulatory forces that influence it; and the public policy issues that it raises.…

  12. [Children, television and violence].

    PubMed

    Zann, M

    2000-03-01

    The relationships between children and television are a source of heated debate. Several studies, mainly conducted in North America, have found a correlation between television violence viewing and aggressive behavior, preadolescents appearing as the most vulnerable. However, in France opinions are more nuanced and one generally considers that television-induced violence in children mainly depends upon individual and educative socio-familial factors. PMID:10761611

  13. TV-Sat - Direct television via satellite

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwarz, B.

    The FRG direct-broadcast-TV satellite TV-Sat, to be launched via Ariane in 1985, is characterized. The provisions adopted by WARC 1977 for the European region are reviewed; tables listing the 12-GHz-band satellite specifications, channels, and orbital positions assigned to the subregions and countries are provided; and the coverage zone for TV-Sat is shown on maps. The project organization; modular design; antenna, communication, and service modules; solar-panel positioning system; propulsion unit; receiver installations (antennas, converters, single and community distribution systems); and reception costs of TV-Sat and its French twin TDF-1 are discussed. The current experimental program using OTS (with actual program reception in Scandinavia and northern Switzerland and equipment tests in the FRG) is examined briefly.

  14. Breastfeeding on prime-time in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Castello Branco, H

    1990-01-01

    An example of the potential power of mass media in helping implement health programs, Brazil conducted a highly successful advertising campaign aimed at increasing the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding. The advertising campaign formed part of the 1981-84 breastfeeding program, which included -- among other things -- implementing maternity laws, establishing support groups for breastfeeding mothers, and disseminating information to policymakers. While several methods to inform parents had been tried, all had encountered resistance. An intensive mass media campaign changed all that. In 1982, 100 television channels began airing frequent, prime- time commercials -- an effort supplemented by radio sports, posters, and print advertisements. The airing of commercials followed extensive research and pretesting of the material, and were intended to help break down social barrier to breastfeeding, which included: women's fears that their breast size made then incapable of breastfeeding; employers' lack of support for working mothers; the lack of unity among doctors that breastfeeding is right for every child; and "machismo" -- men's attitude that the breast is only a sexual object. In order to establish a common goal, all spots ended with the slogan: "Breastfeeding -- 6 months that build up a life." And to establish credibility, the commercials featured well-known Brazilian celebrities. A spot aimed at facilitating the act for other women showed a popular actress breastfeeding her own child; another commercial showed a well- known singer and male role model asking fathers to support breastfeeding. An evaluation conducted in 1987 indicated significant positive changes due to the advertising campaign, demonstrating the potential of mass media in raising public awareness. PMID:12343009

  15. In search of a discourse on aging: the elderly on television.

    PubMed

    Bell, J

    1992-06-01

    This article analyzes the images of aging presented in five of the prime-time television programs of 1989 most watched by the elderly: Murder, She Wrote, The Golden Girls, Matlock, Jake and the Fatman, and In the Heat of the Night, all of which have central elderly characters. An examination of the title sequences reveals that earlier television stereotypes of the elderly "as more comical, stubborn, eccentric, and foolish than other characters" have been replaced by more positive stereotypes of them as powerful, affluent, healthy, active, admired, and sexy. PMID:1499994

  16. 47 CFR 73.3521 - Mutually exclusive applications for low power television, television translators and television...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Telecommunication 4 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Mutually exclusive applications for low power television, television translators and television booster stations. 73.3521 Section 73.3521 Telecommunication FEDERAL...

  17. 47 CFR 73.3521 - Mutually exclusive applications for low power television, television translators and television...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Telecommunication 4 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Mutually exclusive applications for low power television, television translators and television booster stations. 73.3521 Section 73.3521 Telecommunication FEDERAL...

  18. 47 CFR 73.3521 - Mutually exclusive applications for low power television, television translators and television...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Telecommunication 4 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Mutually exclusive applications for low power television, television translators and television booster stations. 73.3521 Section 73.3521 Telecommunication FEDERAL...

  19. Issue Ownership in Congressional Campaign Television Spots

    Microsoft Academic Search

    LeAnn M. Brazeal; William L. Benoit

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated issue ownership patterns in 602 U.S. House and Senate Democratic and Republican political campaign television advertisements from 1980–2000. First, the themes in these ads were about equally split between policy and character (unlike presidential TV spots from the same time period, which are roughly two-thirds policy and one-third character). Candidates from each political party addressed their own

  20. Blacks and Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Tony

    1980-01-01

    Although more Blacks have been seen on television since the mid 1970s, their portrayal has not generally been realistic. It is important for both Black and White audiences that television's portrayal of Blacks not perpetuate racial prejudice and stereotypic attitudes. (Author/GC)

  1. Quality in Instructional Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schramm, Wilbur, Ed.

    The result of an interdisciplinary conference on the qualities of an effective instructional television program, this book reports the ideas of various participants. Two papers by broadcasters represent the producer's view of ITV; one deals with instructional television in Sweden and the other with a Nigerian project. The scholar's view is…

  2. Cable Television: Franchising Considerations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baer, Walter S.; And Others

    This volume is a comprehensive reference guide to cable television technology and issues of planning, franchising, and regulating a cable system. It is intended for local government officials and citizens concerned with the development of cable television systems in their communities, as well as for college and university classes in…

  3. Television: Polysemy and popularity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Fiske

    1986-01-01

    This essay argues that the television audience is composed of a wide variety of groups or subcultures, and that in order to be popular a television program must be polysemic so that different subcultures can find in it different meanings that correspond to their differing social relations. The dominant ideology is structured into the text as into the social system,

  4. Television and Competition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noll, Roger G.

    The television industry is characterized by numerous imperfections in market competition. The spectrum allocation policy of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) assures that there will be only three national television networks; consequently in nearly all markets these stations account for 75% to 100% of revenues. These networks in turn…

  5. FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION SYSTEMS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KESSLER, WILLIAM J.

    DESIGNED FOR A READER WITHOUT SPECIAL TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE, THIS ILLUSTRATED RESOURCE PAPER EXPLAINS THE COMPONENTS OF A TELEVISION SYSTEM AND RELATES THEM TO THE COMPLETE SYSTEM. SUBJECTS DISCUSSED ARE THE FOLLOWING--STUDIO ORGANIZATION AND COMPATIBLE COLOR TELEVISION PRINCIPLES, WIRED AND RADIO TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS, DIRECT VIEW AND PROJECTION…

  6. Reading and Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Mark

    1999-01-01

    Examines how television viewing alters the way children learn and relate to their world. Describes Montessori's view of the learning process and the importance of the carefully arranged environment. Presents evidence that television interferes with learning and that reading assists the learning process. Differentiates the development of…

  7. A relay selection algorithm for radio and television services based on time-delay and bandwidth

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Chaoyi; Wu, Muqing; Luan, Linlin; Xu, Chunxiu

    2013-12-01

    This paper presents a relay routing method for Radio and TV services, this method through obtaining node's timedelay and power information, obtains the value of system interrupt decisions, and as a decision threshold to select relay node. While in consideration of link priorities and fairness, we design a relay routing protocol that can dynamically change the route when network is changed. Simulation results show that this protocol can expand coverage, reduce communication blind spots, increase system throughput and enhance the quality of service.

  8. Changes in household, transport and recreational physical activity and television viewing time across the transition to retirement: longitudinal evidence from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort

    PubMed Central

    Barnett, Inka; van Sluijs, Esther; Ogilvie, David; Wareham, Nicholas J

    2014-01-01

    Background Retirement is associated with an increase in recreational physical activity but its impact on other domains of activity (at home, for transport) and sedentary behaviour, such as time spent watching television (TV) is unknown. We examined the association between retirement and changes in domain-specific and overall activity and TV viewing. Methods Data were derived from the population-based EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer)–Norfolk cohort. Physical activity and TV viewing time were self-reported at baseline (1997–2000) and follow-up 2 (2006–2007) by 3334 participants employed at baseline, of whom 785 (24%) were retired at follow-up 1 (2002–2006). Multivariable regression models were fitted to estimate the association between retirement and changes in physical activity and weekly TV viewing time. Results Compared with continued employment, retirement was associated with a decline in overall activity (men: non-manual, ?40.9?MET?h/wk; manual, ?49.6?MET?h/wk; women: non-manual, ?26.9?MET?h/wk; manual, ?31.6?MET?h/wk; all p<0.001 (MET, metabolic equivalent of task)). Domain-specific activity declined for transport and occupational (p<0.001) and increased for recreational (p<0.02) and household (p?0.002) activity. We observed significant interaction between retirement and social class in respect of overall and domain-specific activity apart from household activity. Retirement was associated with a mean increase in TV viewing time, with the largest increase among manual social classes (men: +3.9?h/wk; women: +2.8?h/wk; both p<0.001). Conclusions Interventions should aim to promote household and transport as well as recreational activity. Further research on the impact of retirement on sedentary behaviour is needed. PMID:24302753

  9. TV ratings : when do most people watch television?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)

    2002-01-01

    This online activity challenges students to think about and use percentages related to television viewing to make comparisons to determine television viewing preferences. The activity is one of 80 mathematical challenges featured on the Figure This! web site emphasizing real-world uses of mathematics. To answer this activity's initial question, the student reads data from a chart, applies a formula, and uses the calculated information to draw a conclusion about TV viewing preferences. Information about how TV ratings are determined and how viewing data are used to make decisions about television advertising are featured. The activity also offers a series of related questions about viewing habits and making comparisons about the cost of advertising on different shows. Answers to all questions are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

  10. Television and Social Problems: A Case History.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willis, John

    1978-01-01

    Discusses two documentary television movies, "Johnny Go Home" and "Goodbye Longfellow Road," in terms of their resultant social change. Includes consideration of audience, time shown, and previous attitudes to provide evidence for his argument. (JEG)

  11. Breaking the Fourth Wall and Sex Role Stereotypes: An Examination of the 2006–2007 Prime-Time Season

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martha M. Lauzen; Douglas M. Deiss Jr

    2009-01-01

    Characters break the fourth wall on television when they speak directly to the camera. Using a stratified random sample of\\u000a one episode of every situation comedy, drama, and reality program airing on the five broadcast networks in the United States\\u000a (N?=?113) during the 2006–2007 prime-time season, we found that, overall, male characters broke the fourth wall more frequently\\u000a than females.

  12. Faculty of Arts Film & Television

    E-print Network

    Davies, Christopher

    Faculty of Arts Film & Television Studies Postgraduate Study #12;Film & Television Studies www.warwick.ac.uk/fac/arts/film/postgrads/ 2 Graduate Programmes In Film And Television Studies Introduction The Department of Film and Television Studies has a worldwide reputation for the quality of its teaching and research within the fields

  13. Television in Underwater Weapons Testing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allan R. Metzler

    1961-01-01

    At the Naval Ordnance Test Station sea ranges at San Clemente Island, closed-circuit television is used both over and under water for certain phases of underwater weapons testing. The functions of this instrumentation are to provide: real-time data, engineering surveillance, monitoring, underwater launcher positioning, range surveillance, time-event data, trajectory data, and to assist in underwater search and recovery. At present,

  14. Description of Children's Television Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barcus, F. Earle

    This paper is a report of two studies which were conducted on children's television. The first, "Saturday Children's Television," is a content analysis of programming and advertising matter on four Boston commercial TV stations. The second, "Romper Room, An Analysis," focuses on that program's commercial practices. The first study involved the…

  15. Pressures on TV Programs: Coalition for Better Television's Case.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shipman, John M., Jr.

    In 1981, the conservative Coalition for Better Television (CBTV) threatened an economic boycott against advertisers who marketed their wares on programs that the coalition felt had excessive sex and violence. Because television networks are dependent on advertising, the coalition believed economic pressure on advertisers would force a…

  16. Addressable Advertising on Digital Television Vincent Dureau

    E-print Network

    Masthoff, Judith

    Addressable Advertising on Digital Television Vincent Dureau Chief Technology Officer, OpenTV 275 of digital technology is having a profound effect on television advertising. While television advertising costs are increasing, its efficiency is decreasing. The traditional models for advertising on television

  17. "deinewahl02" A Demonstrator for Interactive Television

    E-print Network

    Masthoff, Judith

    into television, based on our extensive experience on web technologies. "deinwahl02" which is pretend political TV"deinewahl02" A Demonstrator for Interactive Television Dr. Sepideh Chakaveh Olaf Geuer Fraunhofer Television ITV Competence Center Interactive Television ITV Schloss Birlinghoven Schloss Birlinghoven 53754

  18. Appraising Gender Role Portrayals in TV Commercials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolbe, Richard H.; Langefeld, Carl D.

    1993-01-01

    Examines gender role orientations of characters in prime time television advertisements through the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) completed by 426 college students (43.2% females). Results confirm the appropriateness of the scale for self- and person-perception ratings. Uses of the BSRI in gender role research are discussed. (SLD)

  19. A Simple Computer-Television Interface System for Gait Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    In-Sheng Cheng; S. H. Koozekanani; M. T. Fatehi

    1975-01-01

    A new method for analysis and recording of gait parameters is reported. This method consists of a television camera interfaced with a PDP-11\\/10 minicomputer. The TV camera picks up anatomical points of interest such as knee joint, ankle joint, etc., to which small lights are attached and the computer calculates their coordinates and joint angles as a function of time.

  20. Evaluation of Instructional Television. Principal Form.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, David A.; And Others

    The instructional television questionnaire for principals consists primarily of a rating scale for statements concerning the relationship of instructional television to students, the relationship of instructional television to school administrators, supplementary materials, utilization of instructional television, instruction and scheduling of…

  1. Television and adolescent sexuality.

    PubMed

    Brown, J D; Childers, K W; Waszak, C S

    1990-01-01

    Existing studies of the sexual content of television programming and advertising and the effects of this content on adolescent viewers are reviewed. Content studies show that the frequency of sexual references have increased in the past decade and are increasingly explicit. Studies of the effects of this content, while scarce, suggest that adolescents who rely heavily on television for information about sexuality will have high standards of female beauty and will believe that premarital and extramarital intercourse with multiple partners is acceptable. They are unlikely to learn about the need for contraceptives as a form of protection against pregnancy or disease. Suggestions for future research and trends in television programming policies are explored. PMID:2307597

  2. Television as an employee communication tool at LLL

    SciTech Connect

    Saunders, J.

    1980-03-13

    Television's great strength as a news medium is its ability to bring a story to life. Like no other medium, TV can bridge the gap between a fact and its fuller significance. On the other hand, TV has a disturbing potential to dominate viewers. It communicates in split-second images narrated in rapidly spoken words that cannot be examined. The show rolls on, with or without the puzzled viewer, whose tendency, therefore, is to acquiesce in an assertion's plausibility. Thus, the trick in organizational television, which is communication with a purpose, is to insist that the goal be to convey information, not to maximize ratings with the techniques of electronic hypnotism. The Lawrence Livermore Laboratory's televised news magazine for employees, Video Journal, has an especially demanding audience. It is heavily loaded with professionals and those with a professional-level interest in technology. The LLL audience also tends to be sour on the news media, the Laboratory having been the subject of much inaccurate news coverage in recent years. Research suggests that television may be the medium best received by an audience that is suspicious of the news media generally. Writing news for a television audience is like writing news for a newspaper - but more so. Because the viewer must catch all TV news the first time through, the cardinal rules of newswriting - tight construction and focused organization - are even more important in television than in print. Copy must be geared and timed to the visual material. Numbers, unfamiliar names and complex subjects should be avoided. Finally, the subject should be one that TV can serve - an alive, animate subject.

  3. Instructional Television; Bold New Venture.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Richard C., Ed.

    Instructional television, an innovation in education, is viewed in its practical aspects by this book, which presents the separate thoughts of eight persons who have had extensive experience with some aspect of instructional television. The role of television in education is considered, with separate chapters providing added detail for both…

  4. A Study in Instructional Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dube, Catherine

    1980-01-01

    Summarizes television research findings and theories, discusses research problems, categorizes instructional television variables, defines and describes "task relatedness," and presents the results of a survey of instructional media professionals concerning their opinions on instructional television use and their reactions to the concept of task…

  5. Television and the Social Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seiter, David M.

    1988-01-01

    Surveys ERIC/ChESS resources on both the influence of television on children and methods for using television effectively in the classroom. Titles of documents include "Getting Through: The Use of Media in the Classroom"; "Censorship, the Classroom, and the Electronic Environment"; and "Inside Television. Instructor's Guide (and) Students…

  6. DIDACTICAL HOLOGRAPHIC EXHIBIT INCLUDING (HOLOGRAPHIC TELEVISION)

    E-print Network

    de Aguiar, Marcus A. M.

    DIDACTICAL HOLOGRAPHIC EXHIBIT INCLUDING HoloTV (HOLOGRAPHIC TELEVISION) José J. Lunazzi , Daniel the beginning. As well as the application of the holographic screens in white light: the television images

  7. Cable Television Interconnection.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cable Television Information Center, Washington, DC.

    State and local governments have not been involved in the complexities of cable television interconnection issues in the past despite opportunities. Without their intervention, the result may well be a lack of concern for local public services. However, the entertainment and communications industries will interconnect cable systems without the…

  8. Environmental Education Television Episodes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Peterson, Jane; Seielstad, George

    2008-01-01

    ``Our Changing Planet'' is a series of 90-second television episodes whose purpose is to enhance public understanding of the global environment and the changes it is undergoing. The hope is that with this deeper understanding, people will appreciate the need to modify behaviors that produce negative environmental effects.

  9. Children's Play and Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powell, Mark

    2001-01-01

    Discusses adverse effects of FCC deregulation of children's television programming on children's play behavior. Discusses the difference between play and imitation, the role of high quality dramatic play in healthy child development, the popularity of war play, and use of toys to increase dramatic play. Considers ways to help children gain control…

  10. Television and Human Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comstock, George; And Others

    To compile a comprehensive review of English language scientific literature regarding the effects of television on human behavior, the authors of this book evaluated more than 2,500 books, articles, reports, and other documents. Rather than taking a traditional approach, the authors followed a new model for the retrieval and synthesis of…

  11. Television Ceremonial Events.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dayan, Daniel; Katz, Elihu

    1985-01-01

    Analyzes the impact of televised ceremonies (such as the marriage of Prince Charles and Lady Diana) as "media events" which allow viewers to vicariously enter into the ceremony. Compares them with cult movies that, over repeated viewing, encourage audience "participation." Focuses on the narrator's/commentator's role in shaping the event's…

  12. Mountain Plains Learning Experience Guide: Radio and T.V. Repair. Course: Television Repair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arneson, R.; And Others

    One of four individualized courses included in a radio and television repair, curriculum, this course focuses on trouble-shooting procedures for both black and white and color television equipment. The course is comprised of ten units: (1) Introduction to/and Block Diagrams of Television, (2) Television Audio Section Troubles, (3) Television Video…

  13. Facing an Illusive Frontier; Defining and Producing Interactive Television

    E-print Network

    Masthoff, Judith

    at the thoughts and activities of American interactive television (iTV) executives and producers circa 2002. Based television (iTV) may very well be one of the longest lasting buzzwords in the American television industry and the excess of iTV was squeezed out. From one of the most promising fields in television, iTV was set aside

  14. Cable Television U. S. A. An Analysis of Government Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seiden, Martin H.

    It is the opinion of the author that the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has wasted much of its time and energy in recent years constantly forming and revising cable television regulations when cable television is a relatively minor phenomenon with which the Commission should not have concerned itself in the first place. Thus, this book…

  15. Television: the Community Hearth for the College Campus.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Porter, Michael J.; Sapp, Aimee

    A study examined how college students watch television: Are there gender differences in how students watch? Is watching a form of socialization or a means of escape and diversion? Is there a relationship between students' GPA and the number of hours they spend watching television? Subjects were 379 full-time undergraduates--half of whom were male…

  16. Educational and Prosocial Programming on Saturday Morning Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Calvert, Sandra L.; And Others

    This study assessed the educational and informational television programming provided by four major networks, ABC, CBS, NBC, and Fox. Assessed were 29 children's television programs during the 1995-1996 season. Programs were videotaped from 7:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m., a time frame when children are most likely to be in the viewing audience. A content…

  17. The dynamics of television advertising with boundedly rational consumers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Orlando Gomes

    2006-01-01

    The paper adapts a static model of television advertising into a dynamic scenario. In its original form, the model consists on a profit maximization problem of a television network working in a competitive environment. The network sells commercial time to advertisers and tries to minimize the effects of viewers’ aversion to ads. Viewers are assumed heterogeneous with regard to the

  18. Television in the Classroom: Critical Viewing/Thinking Skill Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parrish, Berta; And Others

    Before teachers can effectively use television technology in the classroom, many of their fears and uncertainties regarding the medium must be eliminated. For example, there are no studies indicating that television is nurturing a generation of dependent, passive watchers. Nevertheless, because children do spend one-sixth of their time between…

  19. Beam-Profile Monitoring and Analysis by Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. R. Parker; P. W. Allison; D. W. Mueller; R. R. Stevens

    1971-01-01

    The usefulness of the pepper-pot emittance device for performing quantitative beam diagnostics has been extended to real time by employing a video analyzer to analyze the pepper-pot scene as viewed by a television system. The video analyzer produces a display of the intensity as a function of position and directly recognizable angular information. A television monitor displaying this information is

  20. The Public Television Library Policies and Procedures Manual 1971.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Public Television Library, Washington, DC.

    The Public Television Library (PTL), an integral part of the services provided by the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), provides a national centralized storage and retrieval system for Public Television (PTV) programing distinct from the real time program offerings of the PBS interconnected network, and offers an opportunity for varied sources to…

  1. Real-time computer-generated hologram by means of liquid-crystal television spatial light modulator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mok, Fai; Psaltis, Demetri; Diep, Joseph; Liu, Hua-Kuang

    1986-01-01

    The usefulness of an inexpensive liquid-crystal television) (LCTV) as a spatial light modulator for coherent-optical processing in the writing and reconstruction of a single computer-generated hologram has been demonstrated. The thickness nonuniformities of the LCTV screen were examined in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, and the phase distortions were successfully removed using a technique in which the LCTV screen was submerged in a liquid gate filled with an index-matching nonconductive mineral oil with refractive index of about 1.45.

  2. The Influence of New Media and Family Structure on Young Adolescents' Television and Radio Use

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JANE DELANO BROWN; KIM WALSH CHILDERS; KARL E. BAUMAN; GARY G. KOCH

    1990-01-01

    A survey of 2,056 12- to 14-year-olds from 10 southeastern U.S. cities showed that Blacks and girls spent more time with television and radio than Whites and boys did; television use declined with age, whereas radio use increased. Access to cable television and videocassette recorders was not related to frequency of television or radio use. Lack of access to parents,

  3. Television and Its Effects on Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Lewis

    This paper presents a redefinition of the term "television," examines problems of determining the effects of television on children, reviews research on possible effects of TV on children, and concludes by focusing on prosocial, educational programming. The argument is made that because we are immersed in the phenomenon of television, we can not…

  4. A SIMLIFIED ANALYSIS OF COST FACTORS IN THE PRODUCTION AND RECORDING OF INSTUCTIONAL TELEVISION PROGRAMS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    WENTWORTH, JOHN W.

    COST FACTORS INVOLVED IN EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION PROGRAMS ARE ANALYZED. BASIC ASSUMPTIONS UNDERLYING THE ANALYSIS ARE--(1) TELEVISION IS TO BE USED AS A MAJOR RESOURCE IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS, (2) FOR PURPOSES OF ANALYSIS, A TELEVISION COURSE CONSISTS OF A SERIES OF 144 HALF-HOUR PROGRAMS, PRESENTED FOUR TIMES WEEKLY THROUGHOUT A 36-WEEK SCHOOL…

  5. The Relationship between Television Viewing and Obesity in Young Children: A Review of Existing Explanations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenvey, Vickii B.

    2007-01-01

    It has often been proposed that young (three to six years old) children's television viewing habits contribute to early-onset obesity. Three explanations that link television viewing patterns of young children with the development of obesity are considered. First, television viewing displaces time available for physical activity, reduces energy…

  6. TELEVISED FOOD ADS AND CHILDREN: WHAT DO THEY REQUEST AND WHAT DO PARENTS BUY?

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Television has heavily influenced Americans for years. Children in the United States spend more time watching television than in any other activity except sleep. Past research indicated that television viewing greatly influences children’s attitudes toward food choices. This study sought to inves...

  7. MESSAGE COMPLEXITY AND ATTENTION TO TELEVISION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ESTHER THORSON; BYRON REEVES; JOAN SCHLEUDER

    1985-01-01

    Three experiments investigated the processing costs of watching television messages. Processing costs were indexed with a secondary task reaction time measure in which subjects were asked to pay attention to commercial messages while responding with button presses to randomly occuring tones or flashes. Response time to the secondary tasks was used as a measure of attention to the primary task

  8. 78 FR 63823 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Television Sets

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-10-25

    ...1904-AC29 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Television Sets AGENCY...rulemaking (NOPR) to establish a new test procedure for television sets (TVs...testing and proposed amendments to the TV test procedure in its March 12, 2013...

  9. The Apollo Lunar Television System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Max Engert

    1965-01-01

    A limited, spacecraft transmission bandwidth has been used in the development of the Apollo Lunar Television system. Using 10 frames\\/sec and 320 non-interlaced scan lines, the system provides nearly commercial-quality TV pictures. A portable TV camera employing microcircuits is used onboard the spacecraft and on the lunar surface. Reiterative processing of the video signal is used in the scan conversion

  10. 49 CFR 393.88 - Television receivers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Television receivers. 393.88 Section 393...Parts and Accessories § 393.88 Television receivers. Any motor vehicle equipped with a television viewer, screen or other means of...

  11. 49 CFR 393.88 - Television receivers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Television receivers. 393.88 Section 393...Parts and Accessories § 393.88 Television receivers. Any motor vehicle equipped with a television viewer, screen or other means of...

  12. 49 CFR 393.88 - Television receivers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Television receivers. 393.88 Section 393...Parts and Accessories § 393.88 Television receivers. Any motor vehicle equipped with a television viewer, screen or other means of...

  13. Interactive Television social use or individual control?

    E-print Network

    Masthoff, Judith

    technology than television. Set-top boxes connected to the TV are also used and they provide the optionInteractive Television ­ social use or individual control? Tove Arendt Rasmussen PhD Associate insights into TV as a medium, viewed in the light of the changing day-to-day practice of the media

  14. Television and contraception.

    PubMed

    Klein, L

    1986-01-01

    This article consists of excerpts from a speach made on October 19th at the 1986 annual meeting of the Association of Planned Parenthood Professionals by Dr. Luella Klein, President of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) between 1984-85. The speaker described the reaction of US television network to the ACOG's request that the networks air a public service announcement encouraging responsible sexual behavior among the nation's young people. In 1984 the ACOG initiated a public information program aimed at reducing the high number of unwanted births among young people. The ACOG with the help of an advertising agency developed a 27-second public service announcement stressing responsible parenthood and informing young people that they could write or call for further information. A booklet, entitled "Facts," was prepared for distribution to those who inquired. It advised young people to consider postponing sexual intercourse but to use the most effective methods of contraception if they decided to be sexually active. Oral contraceptives for females and condoms for males were recommended as the most effective methods. When the 3 major television networks, i.e., the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), and the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), were requested to carry the announcement, all 3 networks claimed the announcement was too controversial to air. These same networks do not hesitate to show blatant, irresponsible sexual behavior repeatedly during their entertainment programming, and commercials with sexual innuendos are routinely accepted for airing by the networks. In July, 1986, the ACOG called a news conference in New York City to inform the news media about the rejection of the announcement by the networks. The conference stimulated considerable interest, and the story was carried by many newspapers and by radio and television news programs. Many of the news accounts of the story contained the public service announcement itself. As a result, young people began calling and writing for the booklet. Editorials critical of the networks' handling of the ACOG request appeared in numerous publications. The author then wrote to the presidents of each network asking them to reconsider the ACOG request. The presidents of ABC and CBS flatly rejected the request, but the president of NBC agreed to meet with the ACOG to work out an acceptable announcement. The networks must be encouraged to promote a more responsible and realistic image of sexual behavior than the image currently being conveyed in television programs and ads. PMID:12340617

  15. Television observations of Phobos

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Avanesov, G. A.; Bonev, B. I.; Boicheva, V.; Kempe, F.; Bazilevskii, A. T.; Duxbury, T.

    1989-01-01

    In February and March 1989 the Phobos 2 spacecraft took 37 television images of Phobos from a distance of 190-1100 km. The data are being used to update the three-dimensional model of Phobos, to provide improved determinations of its density and orbital dynamics, and to study its surface color, composition, and texture. Preliminary findings are presented here which include different integrated photometric behavior in visible and near-infrared bands, observation of a region immediately west of Stickney which is relatively free of large grooves, the prevalence of bright rims on grooves and younger craters, and low bulk density.

  16. Sensing Methods for Detecting Analog Television Signals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rahman, Mohammad Azizur; Song, Chunyi; Harada, Hiroshi

    This paper introduces a unified method of spectrum sensing for all existing analog television (TV) signals including NTSC, PAL and SECAM. We propose a correlation based method (CBM) with a single reference signal for sensing any analog TV signals. In addition we also propose an improved energy detection method. The CBM approach has been implemented in a hardware prototype specially designed for participating in Singapore TV white space (WS) test trial conducted by Infocomm Development Authority (IDA) of the Singapore government. Analytical and simulation results of the CBM method will be presented in the paper, as well as hardware testing results for sensing various analog TV signals. Both AWGN and fading channels will be considered. It is shown that the theoretical results closely match with those from simulations. Sensing performance of the hardware prototype will also be presented in fading environment by using a fading simulator. We present performance of the proposed techniques in terms of probability of false alarm, probability of detection, sensing time etc. We also present a comparative study of the various techniques.

  17. An Assessment of Instructional Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Instructional Television Center, Bloomington, IN.

    From 1966 through 1968, National Instructional Television (NIT) examined the status and potential of television in subjects where the medium was most extensively used. This collection is composed of eight historical reports of conferences on different subject matter areas; together, they present an analysis and appraisal of instructional…

  18. Instructional Television Questionnaire -- Teacher Form.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payne, David A.; And Others

    The instructional television questionnaire for teachers consists primarily of statements to be answered with a rating scale. The first seventeen statements ask for evaluative judgments about various aspects of instructional television. The remainder of the statements require judgments of frequency. Questions to ascertain personal data and use of…

  19. Educational Television: "Let's Explore Science".

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Kenneth P.

    2000-01-01

    Provides an historical overview of the development of instructional television as a tool within the context of science education. Traces the technology from its beginning as experiments in public service broadcasting by universities and television networks. Examines the use of the technology as a teaching tool in terms of scientific literacy.…

  20. Television Colorimetry for Receiver Engineers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Bailey Neal

    1973-01-01

    The colorimetric characteristics of cameras and displays, and the inter-relationship between them, are as pertinent to the subject of color reproduction as are the electrical characteristics. Colorimetry in general, and television colorimetry in particular are not however well understood by most television receiver engineers. In part, at least, this is due to the lack of a concise survey of the

  1. Recall of Television Weather Reports.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyatt, David; And Others

    1978-01-01

    A Minneapolis/St. Paul telephone survey revealed that most people interviewed relied on radio weather reports for weather information, that the amount of weather information retained from radio and television forecasts was minimal, and that most people were satisfied with television weather reports. (GW)

  2. PUBLIC ACCESS TELEVISION: ALTERNATIVE VIEWS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas Kellner; Frantz Fanon

    The rapid expansion of public access television in recent years provides new possibilities for progressive individuals and groups to produce video programming that cuts against the conservative programming that dominates mainstream television in the United States. Progressive access programming is now being cablecast regularly in such places as New York, Los Angeles, Boston, Chicago, Atlanta, Madison, Urbana, Austin, and perhaps

  3. Graphic Design in Educational Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Beverley

    To help educational television (ETV) practitioners achieve maximum clarity, economy and purposiveness, the range of techniques of television graphics is explained. Closed-circuit and broadcast ETV are compared. The design process is discussed in terms of aspect ratio, line structure, cut off, screen size, tone scales, studio apparatus, and…

  4. Empirical Studies on Television Composition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metallinos, Nikos

    A review of research on television's major compositional factors was undertaken to determine the status of such research and to note the major variables involved in the structure of television pictures. It was found that such research could be grouped in four categories--lighting and color, staging, editing, and sound--and that these areas covered…

  5. Television and music video exposure and adolescent 'alcopop' use.

    PubMed

    Van den Bulck, Jan; Beullens, Kathleen; Mulder, Joost

    2006-01-01

    Alcohol abuse among adolescents is a cause for concern. Around 1995 alcopops (sweetened alcoholic drinks) entered the scene and caused even more concern. Many fear that the sweet taste makes is easier to start drinking for those not yet used to drinking alcohol and the marketing appears aimed at adolescents. Because alcohol use has been linked to television viewing in general and music video viewing in particular this article examined whether a relationship existed between television and music video exposure and the consumption of alcopops. Data were collected with a questionnaire focused on television exposure and alcohol behavior. Respondents were a random sample of 2,546 first- and fourth year schoolchildren of Flanders, the Dutch speaking region of Belgium (60% of the Belgian population). Self reported general TV viewing, music video exposure and drinking of alcopops at home and/or while going out were measured. 68.4% of the respondents watched music videos at least several times a week. The odds of being an alcopop drinker at home increased by 196% for those, who watched music videos at least several times a week (OR = 1.961). For each additional hour of TV viewed per day, the respondents were 17% more likely to be drinkers of altopops at home (OR = 1.169). The odds of being an alcopop drinker, when going out increased by 239% for those who watched music videos at least several times a week (OR = 2.394). For each additional hour of TV viewed per day, the respondents were 19% more likely to be drinkers of alcopops when going out (OR = 1.186). These findings suggest that there is an association between music video exposure and use of alcopops not explained by overall exposure to television. This relationship merits further attention as it is a better predictor of alcopop use, than the control variables and overall TV viewing. PMID:16639864

  6. Dynamic TV: a new Inter-tainment paradigm for television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graphical UI

    DynamicTV is a new paradigm for iTV. The user experience and user interface design are described in (3). At UXTV 2008 we demonstrate the user experience by a hi-fidelity prototype of the interface and the simulation of the iTV end- to-end architecture. DynamicTV Immersive User Interface allows you to navigate among media contents simply by using a remote control as

  7. Development and Current Issues of Interactive Television in the UK

    E-print Network

    Masthoff, Judith

    gives a brief history of television and the development of interactivity on TV. It also describes how of interactive television, development of the TV platforms, digital and interactive technologies, interactive applications, take-up and usage of digital and interactive TV Introduction History of Interactive Television (iTV

  8. Cultural schemas for racial identity in Canadian television advertising.

    PubMed

    Baumann, Shyon; Ho, Loretta

    2014-05-01

    What meanings are attached to race in advertising? We analyze a sample of prime-time Canadian television advertising to identify cultural schemas for what it means to be White, Black, and East/Southeast Asian. Our empirical focus is on food and dining advertising. Through quantitative content analysis of associations between race and food subtypes, we show that there are systematic differences in the types of foods that groups are associated with. Through a qualitative content analysis of the commercials, we illuminate these quantitative patterns and discuss six cultural schemas for racial identity. The schemas allow for both diversity and privilege in the representation of Whites, and poignant contrasts regarding status and emotionality in the narrow representations of the other two groups. PMID:24964520

  9. Watching television by kids: How much and why?

    PubMed Central

    Morowatisharifabad, Mohammad Ali; Karimi, Masoud; Ghorbanzadeh, Fatemeh

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Television (TV) viewing by children may be linked to a range of adverse health and behavioral outcomes. This study was aimed at examining the relationship between socioeconomic factors of families and TV watching behavior among 3–5 years old children in Ardakan, Yazd, Iran. Materials and Methods: In the cross-sectional study, mothers of 188 children (93 boys and 95 girls) between 3 and 5 years old completed a researcher-designed questionnaire. Data were analyzed by using SPSS, using bivariate correlations and t-test for independent samples. Results: The mean of TV viewing was 2.68 ± 1.6 h daily, ranging from 0 to 9 h. There were no statistically significant gender differences on the basis of daily TV watching. There were positive associations between the children's daily TV watching and age as well aschildren's daily TV watching and their mothers’ time spent on watching TV. Children who lived in houses with the yard and could use it as a playground watched less TV than did the children who lived in houses without the yard. Conclusion: The results suggest that health care professionals should be aware of the association between different socioeconomic status aspects of families, such as the children's and mothers’ time spent on watching TV and having a yard in the house in an attempt to develop effective strategies and interventions to prevent excess TV watching.

  10. Does television violence cause aggression?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leonard D. Eron; L. Rowell Huesmann; Monroe M. Lefkowitz; Leopold O. Walder

    1972-01-01

    In a previous study 3rd graders who preferred violent TV programs were rated more aggressive in school by peers. In a 10-yr follow-up, 211 males and 216 females of the original 875 Ss were interviewed as to their television habits and again rated their peers on aggressive behavior. It was found that the violence of programs preferred by male 3rd

  11. Bay Area Television Archive

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Created in 1982, the Bay Area Television Archive is housed in the San Francisco State University J. Paul Leonard Libraryâ??s Department of Special Collections. The Archive preserves over 4,000 hours of newsfilm, documentaries and other programs produced around the Bay Area from 1939 to 2005. This online archive contains just five films, but they are all gems. The first is a a clip of Marlon Brando and Black Panthers at a funeral in 1968 and other items include a conversation with Harvey Milk and an excerpt from the series "Blacks, Blues, Blacks.â?ť This particular vignette features Maya Angelou interviewing political activists and community members on the streets of Watts in Los Angeles.

  12. Talkback Television: A Partial Solution to Declining Enrollment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DeChenne, James A.

    1980-01-01

    Describes a system which makes postsecondary education courses available to individuals throughout Oklahoma. The Talkback Television System (TBTV) uses broadcast time and two-way telephone hook-ups to reach 62 locations statewide. (MER)

  13. African American Stereotypes in Reality Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tia Tyree

    2011-01-01

    In the early 1990s, reality television was a fledging type of voyeuristic television programming that was catching the attention of American viewers. Twenty years later, reality television is the format of choice for many traditional and cable networks. This study analyzes ten reality television shows airing in 2005 and 2008 to investigate whether producers cast participants who fit into traditional

  14. Some Structural Characteristics of Music Television Videos.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fry, Donald L.; Fry, Virginia H.

    1987-01-01

    Indicates, by analyzing two types of montage structures, that music television is a hybrid form of television programing displaying visual characteristics of both television commercials and drama. Argues that this amalgam of different characteristics gives music television its distinctive look and power as a promotional tool for the record…

  15. National Television Violence Study. Volume 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seawell, Margaret, Ed.

    The National Television Violence Study (NTVS) was a 3-year effort to assess the effects of violence on television, of particular interest to education professionals is the effects of television violence on children. Funded by the National Cable Television Association, the project began in June 1994 and involved the participation of media scholars…

  16. Television and the American Family. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Jennings, Ed.; Bryant, J. Alison, Ed.

    Noting drastic changes in both television and the family since the 1990 edition, this revised volume provides an extensive consideration of television's role in the American family, from the uses families make of television and how extensions such as remote controls and VCRs affect usage, to the meanings families have for television, families'…

  17. Hierarchical coding of digital television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tihao Chiang; D. Anastassiou

    1994-01-01

    If the same digital television signal is used for multiple resolutions, bit rates, or transmission and storage mechanisms, then hierarchical coding offers several advantages. The FCC has decided to adopt the \\

  18. Television Monitoring System for Welding

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vallow, K.; Gordon, S.

    1986-01-01

    Welding process in visually inaccessible spots viewed and recorded. Television system enables monitoring of welding in visually inaccessible locations. System assists welding operations and provide video record, used for weld analysis and welder training.

  19. Television Autobiographies: The Audience Speaks for Itself.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spangler, Lynn C.

    Students in a children and television course wrote their "television autobiographies" (that is, their relationship with TV). Forty-three students at a mid-size upstate New York college participated. The autobiographies corroborated the results of previous quantitative and qualitative research, but added a personal, more in-depth look at the…

  20. Overview of free viewpoint television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masayuki Tanimoto

    2006-01-01

    We have been developing ray-based 3D information systems that consist of ray acquisition, ray processing, and ray display. Free viewpoint television (FTV) based on the ray-space method is a typical example. FTV will bring an epoch-making change in the history of television because it enables us to view a distant 3D world freely by changing our viewpoints as if we

  1. Internet Protocol Television (IPTV)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Yarali; A. Cherry

    2005-01-01

    This paper is intended to be an introduction into the issues involved with delivering IPTV over DSL. IPTV technology and available broadband bandwidths are evolving to the point where DSL providers can effectively enter the market of TV delivery to their customers. However, there are still issues concerning bandwidth, codec selection, QoS, and ROI. This paper will address each of

  2. Putting usability into television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Kuuluvainen; K. Koivisto; R. Kaunisto; A. Black; O. Bayley; M.-R. Koivunen

    1995-01-01

    This paper describes usability techniques used to ensure consumer centred design of a TV user interface. Key issues were the early involvement of usability experts, the complete process for making usable products, linking usability experts' work into normal consumer electronics product development, and finally assuring the usability of the completed product

  3. Television in Your Room What You Need

    E-print Network

    Rhoads, James

    television available. Cable TV Service Arizona State University provides the equivalent of "expanded basic Pay-Per-View channels. Installing Your Cable TV The following instructions are generic in nature and are meant to serve only as guidelines. Refer to your TV owner's manual for specific instructions for your

  4. British Television in the 1950's: I.T.V. and the Cult of Personality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartlett, Keith

    This paper assesses, by reference to contemporary issues of the "Radio Times" and the London edition of the "TV Times," the way in which Independent Television (ITV) separated itself from the traditional middle class attitudes typified by the British Broadcasting Company programs and, instead, expressed through its programming Americanized (i.e.,…

  5. TV Characters at Work: Television's Role in the Occupational Aspirations of Economically Disadvantaged Youths

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoffner, Cynthia A.; Levine, Kenneth J.; Sullivan, Quintin E.; Crowell, Dennis; Pedrick, Laura; Berndt, Patricia

    2006-01-01

    Television regularly depicts work-related activities of fictional characters and is one of several important sources of occupational information for young people. However, no research appears to have examined the influence of televised occupational portrayals on economically disadvantaged youths, although television may be an especially important…

  6. Assessing the Changing Network TV Market: A Resource-Based Analysis of Broadcast Television Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daphne Eilein Landers; Sylvia Chan-Olmsted

    To assess the new landscape of the broadcast television network market amidst the growth of the Internet, the arrival of digital television, and many other technological and regulatory changes, we applied a resource-based framework of strategic management to review the characteristics of the television market as evidenced by the networks' property- and knowledge-based resources. We examined the resources that became

  7. Three-Dimensional Home Television

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Symmes, Daniel L.; Butterfield, James F.

    1981-07-01

    On December 19, 1980 a Los Angeles subscription TV system was the first to broadcast true stereoscopic (3D) programming. Using a unique electronic 3D Video* Process developed by the 3D Video Corporation, films originally shot in 3D are transferred to tape then chan-neled through a special electronic processor creating a 3D Master Tape. The resultant 3D tape can be broadcast conventionally or duplicated on video cassettes or video discs. The viewers at home wear anaglyph glasses to see true 3D on their color television sets. Sev-eral actual broadcasts have indicated considerable public interest and approval.

  8. Sex and genre on prime time.

    PubMed

    Smith, C

    1991-01-01

    Sexual activity is never explicitly represented on network television programs. Rather, realms of sexuality are suggested. These realms are represented differently according to the genre of the program; sitcoms explore the realm of the taboo, while nighttime soaps plumb the inevitable consequences of sexual activity. Detective shows display the sexual underworld. When a program shows sexuality from more than a generic perspective, it provides a more global representation and is also a more fruitful object of study. PMID:1856464

  9. TV Bullies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    American Association for the Advancement of Science (; )

    2005-05-09

    Childhood bullying is an age-old problem that's drawing more and more concern from parents. A recent study identified several factors that influence a child's chance of becoming a bully. Four-year-old children who watch a lot of television are more likely to become bullies later in life. That's according to University of Washington public health professor Fred Zimmerman. The research looks at how much television influence a child's behavior. This Science Update looks at the research, which leads to the findings presented and offers links to other sources for further inquiry and a Science New York Times lesson plan geared towards grades 6-12.

  10. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Rhythms and plasticity: television temporality at home

    E-print Network

    Tomkins, Andrew

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Rhythms and plasticity: television temporality at home Lilly Irani · Robin study of home television viewing practices, we investigated temporal orderings of television watching. In contrast to traditional pictures of television use, our evidence suggests that rhythms across households

  11. Effects of Contingent Television on Physical Activity and Television Viewing in Obese Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Myles S. Faith; Nathaniel Berman; Moonseong Heo; Angelo Pietrobelli; Dympna Gallagher; Leonard H. Epstein; Mark T. Eiden; David B. Allison

    2009-01-01

    Objective. Elevated television (TV) viewing and physical inactivity promote obesity in chil- dren. Thus, changes in physical activity and sedentary behavior seem critical to treating childhood obesity. Present Study. Using a randomized, 2-arm design, this pilot study tested the effects of contingent TV on physical activity and TV viewing in 10 obese children. TV viewing was contingent on pedaling a

  12. Does syntactic priming in children persist across significant time periods? 

    E-print Network

    Hill, Louisa

    2013-07-02

    Using a ‘snap’ paradigm, we investigated the time course effects of syntactic priming in both adults and children. The research was done over a one week time frame in order to see whether priming is a long lived effect and ...

  13. Technology for Television

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    A project being conducted by Varian Associates, Inc. and Lewis Research Center would allow a Ultrahigh Frequency (UHF) TV station to save 50% of its electricity cost. Because UHF stations need substantially more transmitter power, an amplifying device was needed. In the early 1970's Dr. Henry Kosmahl of Lewis had developed a radiowave amplifier to improve satellite transmission. He later worked with modifying klystron transmitters, electronic vacuum tubes used to generate and amplify UHF frequencies. If Dr. Kosmahl's multistage depressed collector or MDC can be incorporated into the klystron, the magnetic field shapes of electron beams can be changed to aid the energy recovery function of the MDC.

  14. Interactive Television in a world without channels a prototype.

    E-print Network

    Masthoff, Judith

    have invested in interactive television (iTV) services to enhance their output. Non-linear broadcasting [Merryman & Wootton, 2003] which outlined our work on providing Interactive Television (iTV) news servicesInteractive Television in a world without channels ­ a prototype. Russell Merryman BBC News

  15. Choosing an Appropriate Instructional Television Installation Format

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moffett, Kenneth M.

    1975-01-01

    This article presents criteria to help learning institutions determine instructional television installations appropriate to their objectives through an analysis of the necessary steps in producing televised instructional programming. (Author)

  16. National Center for School and College Television News Supplement Number 6, Television in Science Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Center for School and Coll. Television, Bloomington, IN.

    This Newsletter concerns the National Center for School and College Television's Conference on television in science education. The Conference was conducted to assess television materials being offered in science in an effort to stimulate the development of increasingly effective television materials for the nation's schools. Part 1 is a status…

  17. Doctors on display: the evolution of television's doctors

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Doctors have been portrayed on television for over 50 years. In that time, their character has undergone significant changes, evolving from caring but infallible supermen with smoldering good looks and impeccable bedside manners to drug-addicted, sex-obsessed antiheroes. This article summarizes the major programs of the genre and explains the pattern of the TV doctors' character changes. Articulated over time in the many permutations of the doctor character is a complex, constant conversation between viewer and viewed representing public attitudes towards doctors, medicine, and science. PMID:20944763

  18. Digital television system design study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Huth, G. K.

    1976-01-01

    The use of digital techniques for transmission of pictorial data is discussed for multi-frame images (television). Video signals are processed in a manner which includes quantization and coding such that they are separable from the noise introduced into the channel. The performance of digital television systems is determined by the nature of the processing techniques (i.e., whether the video signal itself or, instead, something related to the video signal is quantized and coded) and to the quantization and coding schemes employed.

  19. Network Television’s Coverage of the 2008 Presidential Election

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen J. Farnsworth; S. Robert Lichter

    2011-01-01

    Content analysis of network evening news coverage of the 2008 presidential election revealed a slight increase in the amount of coverage and a decline in the coverage of policy matters compared to 4 years earlier. Barack Obama received the most positive coverage recorded for any major party nominee on network television since the Center for Media and Public Affairs started

  20. Early childhood television viewing and adolescent behavior: the recontact study.

    PubMed

    Anderson, D R; Huston, A C; Schmitt, K L; Linebarger, D L; Wright, J C

    2001-01-01

    In this Monograph, we report the follow-up of 570 adolescents who had been studied as preschoolers in one of two separate investigations of television use. The primary goal of the study was to determine the long-term relations between preschool television viewing and adolescent achievement, behavior, and attitudes. Using a telephone interview and high school transcripts, we assessed adolescent media use; grades in English, science, and math; leisure reading; creativity; aggression; participation in extracurricular activities; use of alcohol and cigarettes; and self-image. In each domain, we tested theories emphasizing the causal role of television content (e.g., social learning, information processing) as contrasted with those theories positing effects of television as a medium, irrespective of content (e.g., time displacement, pacing, interference with language). The results provided much stronger support for content-based hypotheses than for theories emphasizing television as a medium; moreover, the patterns differed for boys and girls. Viewing educational programs as preschoolers was associated with higher grades, reading more books, placing more value on achievement, greater creativity, and less aggression. These associations were more consistent for boys than for girls. By contrast, the girls who were more frequent preschool viewers of violent programs had lower grades than those who were infrequent viewers. These associations held true after taking into account family background, other categories of preschool viewing, and adolescent media use. One hypothesis accounting for the sex differences is that early experiences, such as television viewing, have greater effects when they counteract normative developmental trends and predominant sex-typed socialization influences than when they reinforce them. Adolescents in the study used both television and print media to support ongoing interests. Television content (e.g., entertainment, sports, or world events) predicted extracurricular activities, role models, and body image. The only evidence for possible effects of television as a medium was the positive relation of total viewing to obesity for girls. The medium of television is not homogeneous or monolithic, and content viewed is more important than raw amount. The medium is not the message: The message is. PMID:11326591

  1. Mitigating the harmful effects of violent television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence I. Rosenkoetter; Sharon E. Rosenkoetter; Rachel A. Ozretich; Alan C. Acock

    2004-01-01

    In an effort to minimize the harmful effects of violent TV, a yearlong intervention was undertaken with children in Grades 1 through 3 (N = 177). The classroom-based intervention consisted of 31 brief lessons that emphasized the many ways in which television distorts violence. As hypothesized, the intervention resulted in a reduction in children's viewing of violent TV as well

  2. Television in the Lives of Our Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schramm, Wilbur; And Others

    Eleven studies made between 1958 and 1960 gathered information about the conditions under which children seek out television and under which TV has an effect on them. This book describes these studies and reports and interprets their results. In the first few chapters, some of the changes TV has made in the child's world are described, and…

  3. Children and Parents in our Television Programmes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Homberg, Erentraud, Comp.

    Researchers and practitioners of commercial television met for three and a half days for an international seminar to examine the portrayal of the relations between children and parents in television programing, and the effects of television on the family unit. This report provides abstracts of the lectures by nine researchers and producers…

  4. Sociability evaluation methods for interactive television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Geerts

    This paper describes our doctoral research project about sociability evaluation methods for interactive television. First, the two main research questions are formulated, which address the core aspects of our research: creating guidelines to evaluate the sociability of interactive television and adapting the method of user testing to detect sociability issues in interactive television. Previous research into the social uses of

  5. Students' Rating of Speak Out Television Programme.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moses, Stephen Ogu

    1998-01-01

    A study of 300 secondary students in Lagos State (Nigeria) evaluated Speak Out television. Found that an instructional television enhances the teaching-learning process, that students viewing educational television demonstrated greater participation and interest, and that the location of the community (urban versus rural) in which children attend…

  6. Instructional Television Instructor Handbook Instructor Handbook

    E-print Network

    Karsai, Istvan

    Instructional Television Instructor Handbook 1 Instructor Handbook A Guide to Teaching on ITV: Main Campus Overview Interactive Instructional Television at ETSU is a way for students who do not live near..................................................................................................................................9 #12;Instructional Television Instructor Handbook 3 1 eLearning Staff In the event that you need

  7. Copyright Quick Guide Television and Radio Broadcasts

    E-print Network

    Blows, Mark

    Copyright Quick Guide Television and Radio Broadcasts Overview The University has extensive rights to copy and communicate television and radio broadcasts for educational purposes. This includes making ­ this includes free-to-air, satellite and cable television broadcasts, along with radio broadcasts. As a result

  8. WASHINGTON COUNTY CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION REPORT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LYLE, DAVID

    THE INSTRUCTIONAL POTENTIAL OF TELEVISION WAS EVALUATED FROM 1956 TO 1961 IN THE WASHINGTON COUNTY, MD., SCHOOL SYSTEM. ALL GRADES AND ALL COURSES WERE INVOLVED. TELEVISED INSTRUCTION WAS MADE INTEGRAL TO THE COURSES, BUT IT DID NOT OCCUPY A MAJOR PART OF THE SCHOOL DAY. 45 SCHOOLS WERE LINKED IN A CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION NETWORK. SIX DIFFERENT…

  9. Mood States and Television Viewing in Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubey, Robert W.

    This study of the impact of television on the moods of adults examined responses to television in the subjects' natural habitats and compared mood states while watching television to moods associated with other daily activities. Data were gathered by the recently developed method of experiential sampling in which automatic paging devices signal…

  10. Modern Digital Satellite Television: How It Works

    E-print Network

    Valenti, Matthew C.

    Modern Digital Satellite Television: How It Works Matthew C. Valenti Lane Department of Computer #12;Outline 1 Satellite Television Standards 2 DVB-S2 Modulation 3 LDPC Coding 4 Constellation Shaping Virginia UniverLDPC Codes Nov, 1, 2011 2 / 58 #12;Satellite Television Standards Outline 1 Satellite

  11. swinburne.edu.au Film and Television

    E-print Network

    Liley, David

    swinburne.edu.au Film and Television }2014 Degrees and diplomas #12;2 #12;3 }}Put your career into action A Swinburne course in film and television can help you master production skills, develop your short film The Globe Collector, by graduates of our film and television course, was named best

  12. Television Entertainment and Viewers' Conceptions of Science.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gerbner, George; And Others

    This study of the role of television in the presentation and cultivation of public conceptions of science and technology investigated these issues: (1) the types of representation and information about scientists, science, and technology that are embedded in television programs; (2) types of images and beliefs about science that television tends…

  13. Predictors for the Effects of Televised Executions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEnteer, James B.

    This paper discusses the controversy that has traditionally surrounded the issue of capital punishment. When a Texas television reporter sought permission to televise the execution of a convicted murderer by lethal injection in 1983, arguments were advanced both for and against televising executions. A recent poll shows that 84% of Americans…

  14. The School Administrator's Primer on Distance Learning: Two-Way Interactive Television (I-TV) via Fiber Optics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hobbs, Vicki M.; And Others

    This guide is intended to provide assistance to educators interested in developing two-way interactive television networks, addressing the educational and cost issues of this technology. Interactive television (I-TV) offers smaller or rural schools the opportunity to offer a comprehensive program within budgetary restraints. I-TV refers to the…

  15. Tapping the television cable.

    PubMed

    Clarke, M; Findlay, A; Canac, J F; Vergez, A

    1996-01-01

    Immediate access to patient data is essential to support good clinical decision making and support. However, away from the surgery, the doctor is currently unable to have any access to the clinical database. Solutions exist to support remote access, such as modems or radio data networks, but these are slow, with typical speeds in the 2-10 kbaud region. We propose a novel solution, to use the TV cable already installed in many homes. Using this technology, a suitably equipped computer (RF modern) is capable of connecting at speeds in excess of 500 kbaud and will run applications in exactly the same way as if connected to a surgery network: the cable TV becomes a LAN, but on a metropolitan scale. Brunel University, in collaboration with the Cable Corporation, has been piloting such a network. Issues include not only levels of service, but also security on the network and access, since the data are being effectively received in every home. However, close scrutiny of channel use can create closed networks reserved for specific users. The technology involves use of an RF modem to transmit data on a reverse channel (based at 16 MHz) on each subnet to a router at the head end of the cable network. This frequency translates the packet and retransmits it to all the subnets on a forward channel (based at 178 MHz). Each channel occupies the bandwidth normally allocated to one TV channel. Access is based on a modified CSMA/CD protocol, so treating the cable network as single multiple access network. The modem comes as a standard card installed in a PC and appears much as an ethernet card, but at reduced speed. With an NDIS driver it is quite able to support almost any network software, and has successfully demonstrated Novell and TCP/IP. We describe the HomeWorker network and the results from a pilot study being undertaken to determine the performance of the system and its impact on working practice. PMID:9375105

  16. Television Viewing Does Not Have to Be Sedentary: Motivation to Participate in a TV Exercise Program

    PubMed Central

    Meis, Jessie J. M.; Kremers, Stef P. J.; Bouman, Martine P. A.

    2012-01-01

    The present study explored which underlying motivations induced people to participate in a television exercise program called “The Netherlands on the Move!-television” (NOM-tv). A cross-sectional study was carried out among 1,349 viewers of NOM-tv. The respondents completed the intrinsic motivation inventory (IMI), assessing their levels of intrinsic motivation towards participating in the NOM-tv exercises. The results showed that higher levels of intrinsic motivation (i.e. enjoying the NOM-tv exercises, feeling competent to perform this activity, and willingness to put effort into the exercises) were the most important predictive factors of more frequent participation in the NOM-tv exercises. Future screen-based interventions to reduce sedentary behavior should aim especially at encouraging people's intrinsic orientations towards physical activity in an autonomy-supportive way. PMID:22187637

  17. Dual Audio TV Instruction: A Broadcast Experiment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borton, Terry; And Others

    An experiment assessed the potential effectiveness of "dual audio television instruction" (DATI) as a mass education medium. The DATI consisted of a radio program heard by children while they watched television shows. The audio instructor did not talk when the television characters spoke, but used the "quiet" times to help with reading, define…

  18. Apollo 15 and 16 ground-commanded television assembly.

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Soltoff, B. M.

    1972-01-01

    During the Apollo 15 and 16 missions, a special camera provided the scientific community and the home viewer with real-time coverage of the lunar exploration. The lunar blast-off of the Apollo 16 ascent module was tracked by the mission controller at NASA's Manned Space Center and watched 250,000 miles away on earth. The operation of this television camera and the remote control unit are described and block diagrams given. Ground-command capability from the Mission Control Center permitted versatility and optimization of the TV coverage, without diverting the astronauts from their primary role of lunar exploration.

  19. The Television and Delinquency Debate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murdock, Graham; McCron, Robin

    1979-01-01

    Discusses the continuing debate about the effects of televised violence on viewers, particularly children, in terms of aggressive behavior. The two opposing views, the psychologistic and the relational, are each supported by research which, in turn, affects the use of censorship. (JMF)

  20. Color-televised medical microscopy

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Heath, M. A.; Peck, J. C.

    1968-01-01

    Color television microscopy used at laboratory range magnifications, reproduces a slide image with sufficient fidelity for medical laboratory and instructional use. The system is used for instant pathological reporting between operating room and remotely located pathologist viewing a biopsy through this medium.

  1. Why Choose Interactive Instructional Television?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan-Nicholls, Kim

    2001-01-01

    Identifies conditions under which interactive instructional television (IITV) is an appropriate choice of technology for delivering instruction in the K-12 school environment. Findings indicate that IITV is chosen as an instructional technology primarily as a mechanism for ensuring that rural students receive the same educational opportunities as…

  2. Preschoolers’ Viewing of Instructional Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald W. Henderson; Richard J. Rankin

    1986-01-01

    The structural relations among viewing behaviors, viewing conditions, background characteristics, and intellectual ability to preschoolers’ learning from instructional television were investigated. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups who viewed tapes designed to teach seriation concepts. Subjects viewed in groups of four, in dyads, or individually. Instructional outcomes were not affected by treatment condition, so data were

  3. The Stanford instructional television network

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph M. Pettit; Donald J. Grace

    1970-01-01

    This article describes a novel, large-scale instructional television system now in operation at Stanford University, under the auspices of the School of Engineering. The network brings the campus classroom and instructor to graduate students employed by participating organizations at inconvenient distances from the school, and talk-back capability is included to provide a live classroom situation. No detailed analysis of the

  4. Citizen Involvement in Public Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wenner, Lawrence A.

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the amount and quality of citizen involvement in public television. From the perspective of the "average citizen," the concept of involvement is considered with regard to the Carnegie Commission, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting (CPB) borad of directors, the National Citizens Committee for Public…

  5. Cable Television and Public Safety.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cranberg, Gilbert

    One of the most promising applications of cable television (CATV) is municipal surveillance of public areas for protection against crime, fire detection, control of air pollution, and traffic. Thus far, however, the CATV industry has made minimal efforts to realize the potential of CATV for community protection--the use of cable for public safety…

  6. Regulatory Developments in Cable Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    This report summarizes major rule making actions since 1972, current rules and regulations, and guidelines for citizen participation in FCC (Federal Communications Commission) processes related to cable television regulation. A large portion of the report pertains to current rules and regulations in the areas of certificate of compliance,…

  7. Cable Television: Uses in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Polly

    This is the first volume of a two-part study of the role of cable television in education; its purposes are to discuss the implications of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) ruling that all cable systems in the top 100 markets must reserve one channel for educational purposes and to stimulate the interests of educators by making them…

  8. Scheduling of Network Television Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey H. Horen

    1980-01-01

    Maximizing average audience size is a major objective of national television networks. This paper examines the effect of scheduling programs on audience ratings. We determine the predictability of ratings and the major factors which influence ratings. We measure the extent to which ratings can be changed by rescheduling programs, and then test commonly discussed scheduling strategies and propose new strategies.

  9. Television and the New Technologies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Silverman, Fred

    In this speech the president of the National Broadcasting Company offers some views on the impact of new and developing home video services and technologies such as cassette recorders and cable and pay television. He also outlines his views on the competition superstations and "occasional networks" provide the commercial networks and concludes…

  10. Adjective Identification in Television Advertisements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abd Rahim, Normaliza

    2013-01-01

    Learning the Malay language has been a challenging task for foreign language learners. Learners have to learn Malay grammar structure rules in order to write simple sentences. The word choice is important in constructing a sentence. Therefore, the study focuses on the use of adjectives in television advertisements among Korean learners at Hankuk…

  11. The Frequency of Unhealthy Food Advertising on Mainland Chinese Television (TV) and Children and Adolescents’ Risk of Exposure to Them

    PubMed Central

    Zhou, Zhenghua; Diao, Qinqin; Shao, Nan; Liang, Youke; Lin, Li; Lei, Yan; Zheng, Lingmei

    2015-01-01

    Objective To conduct an analysis of the frequency of unhealthy food advertising on mainland Chinese television (TV) and children and adolescents’ risk of exposure to them. Methods The frequencies of all types of advertisements (ads) on forty TV channels in mainland China, the exact ad broadcast times, and the name and brand of all snacks and western fast foods advertised were recorded from 0800 hours to 2400 hours on both a weekday and a weekend day in a week. The difference in the frequencies of the diverse types of ads over eight time intervals (each time interval was 2 hours) were compared, and the trends in ad frequencies during the time intervals were described. Results The TV channels broadcast 155 (91-183) (expressed as median [P25-P75]) food ads, 87 (38-123) snack ads, 49 (11-85) beverage ads, and 58 (25-76) ads of snacks suitable for limited consumption (SSLCs) in a day. The proportion of snack ads among food ads (SPF%) was 55.5% (40.3%-71.0%), and the proportion of SSLC ads among snack ads (LPS%) was 67.4% (55.4%-79.3%). The ad frequencies for food, snacks, SSLCs, and beverages demonstrated significant differences among the eight time intervals (all P=0.000). TV channels broadcast the most frequent ads for food, snacks, SSLCs, and beverages during the time interval from 2000 hours to 2200 hours among the eight time intervals. Conclusions Chinese children and adolescents may be at a high risk of exposure to unhealthy food advertising on TV. Reducing the exposure risk strongly requires multisectoral cooperation. PMID:26133984

  12. It's Better on TV: Does Television Set Teenagers Up for Regret Following Sexual Initiation?

    PubMed Central

    Martino, Steven C.; Collins, Rebecca L.; Elliott, Marc N.; Kanouse, David E.; Berry, Sandra H.

    2010-01-01

    Context Approximately two-thirds of all sexually experienced teenagers in the United States say they wish they had waited longer to have sexual intercourse for the first time. Little is known, though, about why such a large proportion of teenagers express disappointment about the timing of their initial experience with sexual intercourse. Methods Using data from a national longitudinal survey of adolescents (12-17 year olds followed to ages 15-20), we tested for a prospective association between exposure to sex on television and the likelihood of regret following sexual initiation, analyzed the mediating role of shifts in sex-related outcome expectancies from pre- to post-initiation, and investigated gender differences in these relationships. Results Among males (but not females), we found that greater exposure to sexual content on television was associated with an increased likelihood of regret following sexual initiation, an association partly explained by a downward shift in males' sex-related outcome expectancies following sexual initiation. Conclusions These findings, which offer insight into the contextual factors and processes that may foster initiation regret, could be important for advancing critical decision-making by youth about sexual debut. PMID:19493218

  13. Overview of FTV (free-viewpoint television)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanimoto, Masayuki

    2010-07-01

    We have developed a new type of television named FTV (Free-viewpoint TV). FTV is the ultimate 3DTV that enables us to view a 3D scene by freely changing our viewpoints. We proposed the concept of FTV and constructed the world's first real-time system including the complete chain of operation from image capture to display. FTV is based on the rayspace method that represents one ray in real space with one point in the ray-space. We have developed ray capture, processing and display technologies for FTV. FTV can be carried out today in real time on a single PC or on a mobile player. We also realized FTV with free listening-point audio. The international standardization of FTV has been conducted in MPEG. The first phase of FTV was MVC (Multi-view Video Coding) and the second phase is 3DV (3D Video). MVC was completed in May 2009. The Blu-ray 3D specification has adopted MVC for compression. 3DV is a standard that targets serving a variety of 3D displays. The view generation function of FTV is used to decouple capture and display in 3DV. FDU (FTV Data Unit) is proposed as a data format for 3DV. FTU can compensate errors of the synthesized views caused by depth error.

  14. Emotionally Reactive Television Chia-Hsun Jackie Lee, Chaochi Chang, Hyemin Chung, Connor Dickie, Ted Selker

    E-print Network

    at least one television. TV is a machine actively participating our daily life and pro- viding information. [Bottom] HiTV provides the emotional interactivity when watching TV programs. Interactive Television television set. Kovsky illustrated ways of gain more control over TV (i.e. TiVo, Xbox, ReplayTV, UltimateTV

  15. Regulatory axes on food advertising to children on television

    PubMed Central

    Handsley, Elizabeth; Mehta, Kaye; Coveney, John; Nehmy, Chris

    2009-01-01

    This article describes and evaluates some of the criteria on the basis of which food advertising to children on television could be regulated, including controls that revolve around the type of television programme, the type of product, the target audience and the time of day. Each of these criteria potentially functions as a conceptual device or "axis" around which regulation rotates. The article considers examples from a variety of jurisdictions around the world, including Sweden and Quebec. The article argues that restrictions centring on the time of day when a substantial proportion of children are expected to be watching television are likely to be the easiest for consumers to understand, and the most effective in limiting children's exposure to advertising. PMID:19159485

  16. Content and Services for the New Digital TV Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Carey

    \\u000a Content, not technology, will encourage the widespread adoption of digital television. A broad scope of new channels and services\\u000a are possible in a digital TV environment. These include high definition television, video-on-demand movies, theme channels,\\u000a multicasting or the distribution of the same content on different channels at different times, Internet content on TV sets,\\u000a video segments on personal computers, interactive

  17. Content and Services for the New Digital TV Environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Carey

    1998-01-01

    Content, not technology, will encourage the widespread adoption of digital television. A broad scope of new channels and services are possible in a digital TV environment. These include high-definition television, video-on-demand movies, theme channels, multicasting or the distribution of the same content on different channels at different times, Internet content on TV sets, video segments on personal computers, interactive shopping

  18. The Function of Nonverbal Behavior in Television Reporting in the United States of America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Raffler-Engel, Walburga

    This paper postulates that the television media in the United States is reflecting the country's culture-at-large. To be marketable, photojournalists adjust their nonverbal behavior to the cultural changes of the time. To prove the point, documentation culled from the Vanderbilt University Television News Archive is provided from the three major…

  19. Captioned Television and Hearing-Impaired Viewers: The Report of a National Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blatt, Joseph; Sulzer, James S.

    1981-01-01

    Respondents (N=1,745) were primarily deaf, with an early age of onset. They averaged high levels of newspaper reading and captioned television viewing. Roughly 50% reported watching the Captioned ABS News two or more times per week. Level of education was found to be significantly related to news reading and television viewing behavior. (Author/SB)

  20. Student Produced Television Programs: The Relationship of Play Theory, Flow Experiences, and Experiential Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koehn, Stephen C.; Lowry, David N.

    Television production is a complicated task. It requires advanced technical skills and abilities, as well as tremendous creative input. It requires an outlying of time by an individual to learn the skills and implement the creative ideas he or she might have for a television show. A study examined the perceptions of 30 students who were highly…

  1. Television, computer and portable display device use by people with central vision impairment

    PubMed Central

    Woods, Russell L; Satgunam, PremNandhini

    2011-01-01

    Purpose To survey the viewing experience (e.g. hours watched, difficulty) and viewing metrics (e.g. distance viewed, display size) for television (TV), computers and portable visual display devices for normally-sighted (NS) and visually impaired participants. This information may guide visual rehabilitation. Methods Survey was administered either in person or in a telephone interview on 223 participants of whom 104 had low vision (LV, worse than 6/18, age 22 to 90y, 54 males), and 94 were NS (visual acuity 6/9 or better, age 20 to 86y, 50 males). Depending on their situation, NS participants answered up to 38 questions and LV participants answered up to a further 10 questions. Results Many LV participants reported at least “some” difficulty watching TV (71/103), reported at least “often” having difficulty with computer displays (40/76) and extreme difficulty watching videos on handheld devices (11/16). The average daily TV viewing was slightly, but not significantly, higher for the LV participants (3.6h) than the NS (3.0h). Only 18% of LV participants used visual aids (all optical) to watch TV. Most LV participants obtained effective magnification from a reduced viewing distance for both TV and computer display. Younger LV participants also used a larger display when compared to older LV participants to obtain increased magnification. About half of the TV viewing time occurred in the absence of a companion for both the LV and the NS participants. The mean number of TVs at home reported by LV participants (2.2) was slightly but not significantly (p=0.09) higher than NS participants (2.0). LV participants were equally likely to have a computer but were significantly (p=0.004) less likely to access the internet (73/104) compared to NS participants (82/94). Most LV participants expressed an interest in image enhancing technology for TV viewing (67/104) and for computer use (50/74), if they used a computer. Conclusion In this study, both NS and LV participants had comparable video viewing habits. Most LV participants in our sample reported difficulty watching TV, and indicated an interest in assistive technology, such as image enhancement. As our participants reported that at least half their video viewing hours are spent alone and that there is usually more than one TV per household, this suggests that there are opportunities to use image enhancement on the TVs of LV viewers without interfering with the viewing experience of NS viewers. PMID:21410501

  2. Televisions, Physicians, and Life Expectancy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rossman, Allan

    This article, created by Allan Rossman of Dickinson College, describes a dataset on life expectancies, densities of people per television set, and densities of people per physician in various countries of the world. The example addresses correlation versus causation and data transformations. The author states that "the example has proven very useful for helping students to discover the fundamental principle that correlation does not imply causation."

  3. Future development of instructional television

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barnett, H. J.; Denzau, A. T.; Dumolin, J. R.; Singh, J. P.

    1971-01-01

    The use of television in schools as an aid to instruction is proposed for individualized instruction, repetition for slow learners, acceleration for fast learners, and lectures from the best teachers for all students. A dedicated school district cable system, a 40 channel cable to each school and classroom, is considered. This innovation offers an opportunity for improving the quality and content of the school's instruction and for reducing the cost.

  4. Performance of Hybrid Positioning System Combining GPS and Television Signals

    E-print Network

    Stanford University

    the benefits of a hybrid positioning system combining GPS and television signals, a prototype of TV signalPerformance of Hybrid Positioning System Combining GPS and Television Signals Ju-Yong Do Electrical solutions to this problem is the adoption of powerful terrestrial signals such as television, Wi

  5. Prevalence of transportation safety measures portrayed in primetime US television programs and commercials

    PubMed Central

    McGwin, G; Modjarrad, K; Reiland, A; Tanner, S; Rue, L W

    2006-01-01

    Objective To determine the prevalence of transportation related safety behaviors, such as seatbelt and helmet use, in primetime US television programs and commercials. Design Cross sectional study. Setting Top rated television programs and associated commercials from four major US television networks were reviewed for the prevalence of transportation safety related behaviors during a one month period in 2005. Programs were categorized according to the time and network of airing, program type, program rating, and—for commercials—type of product being advertised Subjects Occupants of automobiles, motorcycles, or bicycles in 507 instances in which a transportation scene was aired. Results Seatbelt use was depicted in 62% and 86% of individuals in television program and commercial automobile scenes, respectively. The prevalence of motorcycle helmet use was 47% in television programs and 100% in commercials. Bicycle helmets were used in 9% of television programs and 84% of commercials. The frequency of seatbelt use in programs and commercials varied by television rating and genre but did not differ by network, time of airing, or age of character portrayed. Conclusions The prevalence of safety related behaviors aired on major US networks during primetime slots is higher than previous reports but still much lower than national averages. Commercials, in contrast, portray transportation safety measures with a frequency that exceeds that of US television programs or most national surveys. PMID:17170190

  6. Changes in Television and Magazine Exposure and Eating Disorder Symptomatology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kimberley K. Vaughan; Gregory T. Fouts

    2003-01-01

    The relationship between girls' media exposure and their development of eating disorder symptomatology was assessed. At Time 1 and Time 2 (16 months later), participants (N = 374; M age = 12.0) completed a questionnaire that assessed eating disorder sympto-matology and television and fashion magazine exposure. Girls were divided into 3 groups: increased, decreased, or no change in eating disorder

  7. The Non-Program Content of Children's Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Condry, John; And Others

    Three studies were conducted to replicate and extend research on advertisements for children on Saturday morning television, and during children's programs at other times. Resarch focused on amount and frequency of advertisements, as well as the types of products advertised. Study 1 concerned the Saturday morning time period, when children…

  8. TV Literacy II: Amplifying the Affective Level Effects of Television's Prosocial Fare through Curriculum Intervention.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abelman, Robert

    1987-01-01

    Investigation of the effects of an in-school curriculum designed to encourage children's awareness of and attention to television's prosocial portrayals revealed that the curriculum was successful in helping children to isolate and identify commercial television's prosocial fare. (Author/CB)

  9. Encoding Television Signals For Better Color

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Marchman, R. H.

    1992-01-01

    Coding scheme for transmission of color-television pictures reduces crosstalk between chrominance and luminance. Picture elements arranged in zigzag pattern to accommodate scanning. Resulting chrominance signal combined with horizontally and vertically interlaced output of luminance scan converter to form composite color signal. Applicable to color-video cameras with solid-state image-sensing devices using National Television System Committee (NTSC) standard color-television system, or other systems.

  10. Radio and television broadcasting by satellite

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Rosetti

    1980-01-01

    Direct broadcasting of television and radio from space transmitters in geostationary orbit is close to realisation. This article discusses the implications and technical problems of such communications systems

  11. Satellite Instructional Television Experiment: Television Comes to Village. An Evaluation of SITE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agrawal, Binod C.

    This evaluation of India's Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) investigated the process of existing rural communication, the role of television as a new medium of communication in SITE instructional areas, and the process of change brought about by television in the rural structure at the micro-level. The report includes…

  12. THE IMPACT OF NEWSPAPER NOTICE ON EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION BEHAVIOR. EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION PROJECT, PRELIMINARY REPORT 6.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MERTZ, ROBERT J.

    RESEARCH WAS DIRECTED TOWARD DETERMINING THE EFFECT OF REPEATED EXPOSURE TO NEWSPAPER PUBLICITY CONCERNING EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION ON (1) ATTITUDES TOWARD EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION AND (2) VIEWING BEHAVIOR RELATIVE TO EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION. THE SAMPLE CONSISTED OF 329 PERSONS TAKEN FROM A LARGER SAMPLE USED IN THE STUDY OF RESISTANCES TO EDUCATIONAL…

  13. Television Violence and Behavior: The Effects of Television Violence on Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crump, Charla A.

    Television violence and the impact it has on children is a growing concern in the world today. Although research indicates that violence on television triggers aggressive behavior in children, the characteristics of those children also need to be examined. Factors such as age, intellectual level, identification with television personalities, the…

  14. The evolving value chain in the television industry : changes in pay TV delivery and its implications for the future

    E-print Network

    Mohan, Deepak, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    This report studies the television industry in the US, and the changes that have taken place in the industry in the last decade. Specifically, it looks at episodical TV content delivery and consumption - excluding movies, ...

  15. 47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...false Carriage of television broadcast signals. 76.1506 Section 76.1506 Telecommunication...1506 Carriage of television broadcast signals. (a) The provisions of Subpart...households that do not receive television signals from multichannel video programming...

  16. 47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...false Carriage of television broadcast signals. 76.1506 Section 76.1506 Telecommunication...1506 Carriage of television broadcast signals. (a) The provisions of Subpart...households that do not receive television signals from multichannel video programming...

  17. 47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...false Carriage of television broadcast signals. 76.1506 Section 76.1506 Telecommunication...1506 Carriage of television broadcast signals. (a) The provisions of Subpart...households that do not receive television signals from multichannel video programming...

  18. 47 CFR 76.614 - Cable television system regular monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cable television system regular monitoring. 76.614...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.614 Cable television system regular...

  19. 47 CFR 76.59 - Modification of television markets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 2013-10-01 false Modification of television markets. 76.59 Section 76.59 Telecommunication...RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Carriage of Television Broadcast Signals § 76.59...

  20. 47 CFR 76.614 - Cable television system regular monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cable television system regular monitoring. 76.614...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.614 Cable television system regular...

  1. 47 CFR 27.20 - Digital television transition education reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Digital television transition education reports. 27...Applications and Licenses § 27.20 Digital television transition education reports...the transition from analog broadcast television service to digital broadcast...

  2. 47 CFR 76.403 - Cable television system reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cable television system reports. 76.403 Section...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Forms and Reports § 76.403 Cable television system reports. The operator of...

  3. User Centered Research for Interactive Television Leena Eronen

    E-print Network

    Masthoff, Judith

    User Centered Research for Interactive Television Leena Eronen Telecommunications Software television programs. During the study, the study participants were interviewed. They were asked to answer questions about their television use and to comment on artist's drawings presenting the possible future

  4. 47 CFR 76.403 - Cable television system reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Cable television system reports. 76.403 Section...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Forms and Reports § 76.403 Cable television system reports. The operator of...

  5. 47 CFR 76.614 - Cable television system regular monitoring.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Cable television system regular monitoring. 76.614...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Technical Standards § 76.614 Cable television system regular...

  6. 47 CFR 27.20 - Digital television transition education reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Digital television transition education reports. 27...Applications and Licenses § 27.20 Digital television transition education reports...the transition from analog broadcast television service to digital broadcast...

  7. 47 CFR 76.403 - Cable television system reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Cable television system reports. 76.403 Section...SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Forms and Reports § 76.403 Cable television system reports. The operator of...

  8. 47 CFR 76.59 - Modification of television markets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 2012-10-01 false Modification of television markets. 76.59 Section 76.59 Telecommunication...RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Carriage of Television Broadcast Signals § 76.59...

  9. 47 CFR 27.20 - Digital television transition education reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Digital television transition education reports. 27...Applications and Licenses § 27.20 Digital television transition education reports...the transition from analog broadcast television service to digital broadcast...

  10. 47 CFR 76.59 - Modification of television markets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 2014-10-01 false Modification of television markets. 76.59 Section 76.59 Telecommunication...RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Carriage of Television Broadcast Signals § 76.59...

  11. Recent Developments in the Rhetorical Study of Film and Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benson, Tom

    Rhetorical studies of film and television arose more or less independently at a number of universities during the 1960s and 1970s. At Cornell University (New York), the accident of a combined speech and drama department gave rise to the study of the rhetoric of film. At the same time, other theorists were approaching film rhetoric from literature.…

  12. Educating the Consumer of Television: An Interactive Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splaine, John; Splaine, Pam

    Incorporating skills and procedures which students can use in many areas of the curriculum, this book, and accompanying "teacher's guide," provides interactive activities that are fun and that help students in grades 4 through 12 become critical viewers of television. The book provides homework activities that turn the normally wasted time

  13. Supreme Court Strikes Down NCAA Control of Football on Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farrell, Charles S.

    1984-01-01

    The Supreme Court ruling that the National Collegiate Athletic Association's control of televised intercollegiate football violated antitrust law is discussed. At the heart of the restraint of trade are the limitations placed on the money an institution can receive, the times a team can appear, and the number of games telecast. (MLW)

  14. Non-Intrusive User Interfaces for Interactive Digital Television Experiences

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .g., number of people in the room or distance to the TV). 1 Introduction Watching television is usuallyNon-Intrusive User Interfaces for Interactive Digital Television Experiences Pablo Cesar1 , Dick C interfaces in the interactive digital TV domain. The model is based on two concepts: non-monolithic rendering

  15. TV fatigue crack monitoring system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Exton, R. J. (inventor)

    1977-01-01

    An apparatus is disclosed for monitoring the development and growth of fatigue cracks in a test specimen subjected to a pulsating tensile load. A plurality of television cameras photograph a test specimen which is illuminated at the point of maximum tensile stress. The television cameras have a modified vidicon tube which has an increased persistence time thereby eliminating flicker in the displayed images.

  16. CS21, Swarthmore College, Spring 2008, Practice Quiz 6 1. Implement a Television class that mimics a simple television. The television can be on or off,

    E-print Network

    Meeden, Lisa A.

    CS21, Swarthmore College, Spring 2008, Practice Quiz 6 1. Implement a Television class that mimics a simple television. The television can be on or off, and the channel can be tuned any station between 2 and 99. If you are watching a particular channel (e.g. channel 17) and you turn the television off, when

  17. Television Viewing and Television in Bedroom Associated With Overweight Risk Among Low-Income Preschool Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara A. Dennison; Tara A. Erb; Paul L. Jenkins

    ABSTRACT. Context. Television (TV) viewing is as- sociated with obesity among school-aged children, ado- lescents, and adults, but this relationship has not been evaluated in preschool-aged children. Objective. To describe the TV\\/video viewing habits of a multiethnic, low-income preschool population of children and to determine whether TV\\/video viewing is related to their adiposity. Design. Cross-sectional survey of parents\\/guardians with measurements

  18. Network Television News Coverage of Environmental Risks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael R. Greenberg; Peter M. Sandman; David B. Sachsman; Kandice L. Salomone

    1989-01-01

    Despite the criticisms that surround television coverage of environmental risk, there have been relatively few attempts to measure what and whom television shows. Most research has focused analysis on a few weeks of coverage of major stories like the gas leak at Bhopal, the Three Mile Island nuclear accident, or the Mount St. Helen's eruption. To advance the research into

  19. Television Broadcasting for Rural Development in Niger.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hukill, Mark A.

    Communications policy and planning were investigated through the Republic of Niger's television service, Tele-Sahel, a state-owned autonomous service with a mandate to provide programs for rural development. In order to understand the context within which Tele-Sahel operates, the following topics related to television broadcasting in Niger were…

  20. BIBLIOGRAPHIE--SCHULFERNSEHEN (BIBLIOGRAPHY--SCHOOL TELEVISION)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Central Inst. for Youth and Educational Television, Munich (West Germany).

    ENTRIES IN ENGLISH, GERMAN, AND FRENCH ARE LISTED BY AUTHOR UNDER THE MAIN CATEGORIES OF TELEVISION FOR YOUTH AND SCHOOL TELEVISION. ABSTRACTS, IN GERMAN, OF 29 RELATED DOCUMENTS ARE INCLUDED. A LIST OF PERIODICALS AND INFORMATION SERVICES CONCLUDES THIS BIBLIOGRAPHY. FOR AVAILABILITY OF THIS DOCUMENT, WRITE INTERNATIONAL CENTRAL INSTITUTE FOR…

  1. Children's Perceptions of Television Violence: A Replication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Bradley S.; Gordon, Thomas F.

    An earlier study (ED 048 772) sought to determine the perceptions of televised violence among pre-teen males from varying racial and socio-economic backgrounds. In this replication of the study teenage boys were used as subjects. The general method of the study was to show the boys a sequence of television vignettes, comprised of violent and…

  2. Adolescent television viewing and belief in vampires

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emyr Williams; Mandy Robbins; Laura Picton

    2006-01-01

    A total of 1133 13–15?year?old pupils in six secondary schools in South Wales were invited to complete questions concerning vampire belief and amount of television watching. The data demonstrate that belief in vampires was positively associated with higher levels of television watching.

  3. Were Educational and Instructional Television Effective?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saba, Farhad

    2000-01-01

    Discussion of the effectiveness of mediated education in distance education focuses on the effectiveness of educational television. Topics include mass media research; greater preparation by teachers using television that led to its effectiveness; research needs; attitudes of students and teachers; and aptitude treatment interaction analysis. (LRW)

  4. Instructional Television Broadcast Guide, 1998-1999.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clark, Stephanie Kay

    This broadcast guide for instructional television describes the programs offered by the Idaho State Department of Education, in affiliation with Idaho Public Television, a service offered at no charge to Idaho school districts. The body of the guide is arranged by subject area, with an alphabetical index at the end of the guide to assist in…

  5. Comparative teaching effectiveness of radio and television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lionel C. Barrow; Bruce H. Westley

    1959-01-01

    This report presents the principal findings of a study conducted for the University of Wisconsin Television Laboratory, of\\u000a which Raymond J. Stanley is director, and the Wisconsin School of the Air, with the assistance of a grant- in- aid from the\\u000a Educational Television and Radio Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

  6. Public Television Library Catalog of Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Public Television Library, Washington, DC.

    The Public Television Library (PTL), an integral part of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), searches out, selects, acquires, and distributes programs produced by local public television stations. This catalog lists the 1800 programs or series in the library according to subject matter. Each listing includes number of programs, length of the…

  7. Community Cable Television--Hungarian Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szekfu, Andras

    This paper argues that, although community cable television is one of the most dynamic (although experimental) elements of the Hungarian media structure, it is well on its way toward institutionalization. It is suggested that whether community cable television is able to retain the spontaneity, innovativeness, and elasticity of its early days may…

  8. Understanding the Properties of Interactive Televised Characters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Claxton, Laura J.; Ponto, Katelyn C.

    2013-01-01

    Children's television programming frequently uses interactive characters that appear to directly engage the viewers. These characters encourage children to answer questions and perform actions to help the characters solve problems in the televised world. Children readily engage in these interactions; however, it is unclear why they do so. To…

  9. Cable Television, Market Power and Regulation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorpe, Kenneth E.

    The goals of this dissertation are to provide an empirical examination of the impact of competing technologies on cable television firms and to document existing pricing behavior in the cable and pay programming industry. The introduction provides a brief overview of the cable television industry, including the impact of cable on federal policy…

  10. The Cable Book. Community Television for Massachusetts?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Achtenberg, Ben

    This manual is especially designed to inform and aid community organizations in understanding cable television and planning for the future. With the exception of the chapter on Massachusetts cable legislation, most of the book should be useful to community organizations anywhere. At the beginning, the history and experience of cable television in…

  11. Instructional Television and the University: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klima, Kenneth J.

    The use of television as an instructional media in universities can be enhanced through adequate financial backing, creative programing, and circumspective planning which provides for faculty-student interaction. To facilitate the implementation of instructional television programs, it is necessary to obtain faculty and administration support and…

  12. Television and Its Social Effects in China.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaozeng, Ma

    Changes and development in Chinese television (CCTV) over the past 28 years have had profound effects on Chinese society. National News, which has the biggest television audience, has enabled the populace to know what is happening in China. Educational programming is given high priority through special telecourses presented for society in general,…

  13. Future Perspectives of Biocybernetic Research in Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malik, M. F.; Thwaites, H. M.

    This paper describes the future perspectives of biocybernetic communication research applied to television, i.e., the measurement of the information impact of television on both individual human beings and groups in terms of energetic changes in the human body. A summary of the recent state of the art of biocybernetic research includes discussions…

  14. Hypermedia Management in Television through Text Processing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caldera-Serrano, Jorge

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to describe a working routine for the analysis of audio-visual documents for serving the needs of television journalists. Design/methodology/approach: A description in the form of a synthesis is given of the process by which television information must be put at the user's disposal with a response that is both fast and…

  15. Television in Education. Bulletin, 1957, No. 21

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunham, Franklin; Lowdermilk, Ronald R.; Broderick, Gertrude G.

    1957-01-01

    Educational television has made great strides in the five years which have elapsed since the Federal Communications Commission set aside television channels for the exclusive use of education. Such stations are located in 29 communities of the United States, representing large cities, university centers and, in several instances, serving entire…

  16. Interactive Televised Instruction: Factors To Consider.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Charles W.

    For the first 2 years of operation, the Instructional Television Services (ITS) at Mohave Community College, in Arizona, operated in a very traditional manner, utilizing two cameras and an operator at each site. To increase the efficiency of the television services, surveillance cameras were installed at sites and were operated from the district…

  17. LASCOT: a large screen color television system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1973-01-01

    The Large Screen Color Television System as proposed by Dr. W. J. ; Poppelbaum is a laser projection display which produces a color television ; picture on a large screen placed some distance away. Constructing an economical ; display system was the chief objective. Toward this end relatively inexpensive ; electromechanical mirrors are used for beamn deflection. These mirrors are

  18. Oral Argument in Children's Television Proceeding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choate, Robert B.

    The author advocates the outright ban of commercials from Saturday and Sunday morning television and makes several other recommendations that he believes would improve programing and reduce the hard sell of child targeted advertising. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) could form a Children's Television Broadcast Center and establish a…

  19. Cable Television; A Guide for Citizen Action.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Price, Monroe E.; Wicklein, John

    When commercial radio began broadcasting, some citizens saw it as a new "golden age," offering vast opportunities for educational and public service programing. These dreams did not come true because it was more profitable to sell advertising. The same pattern occured with broadcast television. Cable television provides a third chance, and this…

  20. Helping Students Become Critical Television Viewers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valentine, Tom, Ed.; Sandlin, Jenny, Ed.

    1997-01-01

    This document, which was written for adult educators in Georgia, offers instructional plans and practical strategies for helping students in adult literacy, adult basic education, General Educational Development, and English-as-a-second-language programs become critical television viewers. The document begins with a discussion of why television

  1. Children's Viewing Patterns for Television News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egan, Lola M.

    1978-01-01

    Reports that young children characterized as high or medium news watchers, probably watch the news with their parents, watch more as they grow older, have a fairly good idea of the scope and usefulness of television news, prefer stories about topics appearing in popular entertainment programs, and tend to see television news as being about bad or…

  2. SOFTWARE AGENTS FOR DIGITAL TELEVISION Joo Ascenso

    E-print Network

    da Silva, Alberto Rodrigues

    ). As the entertainment, medical and industrial industries join the digital revolution, most of the world's outputSOFTWARE AGENTS FOR DIGITAL TELEVISION Joăo Ascenso IST / IT Lisbon ­ Portugal Joao. Keywords: Agents, Digital Television, Personalization, FIPA, Reference Model 1 INTRODUCTION Nowadays more

  3. A persuasive television remote control for the promotion of health and well-being

    E-print Network

    Nawyn, Jason Paul

    2006-01-01

    New forms of media technology that enter the home often fundamentally transform the way that people spend their time. In the present day, daily "screen time" with televisions and other entertainment systems continues to ...

  4. Precise frequency calibration using television video carriers

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burkhardt, Edward E.

    1990-01-01

    The availability of inexpensive and quick precise frequency calibration methods is limited. VLF and GPS do offer precise calibration. However, antenna placement, cost of equipment, and calibration time place many restrictions on the user. The USNO maintained line-10 television Time of Coincidence (TOC) of station WTTG, channel 5, Washington, DC requires a frequency stable video carrier. This video carrier, 77.24 MHz is controlled by the same cesium beam standard controlling the TOC of line-10. Excellent frequency comparisons against this video carrier have been accomplished at 95 miles (153 km). With stable propagation and a three foot wire antenna, a part in 10(exp 9) can be determined in a few minutes. Inexpensive field equipment with a synthesized 1 kHz offset from the video carrier offers parts in 10(exp 11) calibrations in a few minutes using an oscilloscope as a phase comparator.

  5. Youth and violence on local television news in California.

    PubMed Central

    Dorfman, L; Woodruff, K; Chavez, V; Wallack, L

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study explores how local television news structures the public and policy debate on youth violence. METHODS: A content analysis was performed on 214 hours of local television news from California. Each of the 1791 stories concerning youth, violence, or both was coded and analyzed for whether it included a public health perspective. RESULTS: There were five key findings. First, violence dominated local television news coverage. Second, the specifics of particular crimes dominated coverage of violence. Third, over half of the stories on youth involved violence, while more than two thirds of the violence stories concerned youth. Fourth, episodic coverage of violence was more than five times more frequent than thematic coverage, which included links to broader social factors. Finally, only one story had an explicit public health frame. CONCLUSIONS: Local television news provides extremely limited coverage of contributing etiological factors in stories on violence. If our nation's most popular source of news continues to report on violence primarily through crime stories isolated from their social context, the chance for widespread support for public health solutions to violence will be diminished. PMID:9279266

  6. Broadcasts for a billion: the growth of commercial television in China.

    PubMed

    Schmuck, C

    1987-01-01

    At present, Chinese television reaches 35% of the population (80-90% in urban areas) and is used by the government as a source of education and information. In recognition of the potential market represented by 1.1 billions consumers, Western advertisers have commissioned elaborate market research studies. Drama, sports, news, and movies are consistently identified as the favorite type of programming among Chinese television viewers. About 75% of Beijing adults watch television daily, making the medium both an important target for advertising campaigns and a way for Westerners to influence Chinese business and government leaders. Western advertisers have tended to concentrate their investments in the more urban, affluent regions where products have the greatest likelihood of being sold. There has been a recent trend, however, toward industrial commercials, with British and French companies buying television time to promote their image as partners in China's modernization. Key to the future of commercial advertising on Chinese Television. In many provinces, local television stations have developed a unique character and portray different sociocultural values than the national channel. Outside advertisers have sometimes experienced problems with local networks that substitute local advertising without informing the network. To correct this situation, the government is enacting pro-sponsor regulations that forbid the preemption of the national channel and its advertisements. At the same time, efforts are being made to improve relationships with local television stations by either paying them a fee or airing local commercials on the national network. PMID:12342936

  7. The future German television broadcasting satellite system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Kaltschmidt

    1980-01-01

    A German television broadcasting satellite, known as TV-Sat, is being developed with direct receiving terminals. WARC 77 has allocated frequency ranges and antenna illumination zones for the system's future use; according to the Haeberle study (1977), the project could be put in operation with the 1982\\/1983 Ariane launching. A joint German-French WARC-compatible project was undertaken, whereby both countries would build

  8. Effect of instructional television on personality perception

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Milton James McMenamin

    1974-01-01

    Marshall McLuhan (1967) suggests that form creates change independent of content. If true, then the same talking personality (content) presented in two different ways (form)face-to-face, then televised-will generate differences in viewer perception. Perception is sensation plus meaning. Changing the sense ratios causes different sensations and, finally, different perceptions. To McLuhan, TV is cool, mosaic, and involving, not hot or forceful.

  9. A National Survey of Faculty Salaries in Radio-Television-Film.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elmore, Garland C.

    1983-01-01

    Reported average salary, by rank and years of teaching experience, for full-time faculty teaching radio-television-film in five types of departments: broadcasting, communication, journalism, mass media, and speech. (PD)

  10. Generating ideas for new mobile tv services: accepting and socializing mobile television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lene Sřrensen; Hanne Westh Nicolajsen

    2010-01-01

    Mobile TV is still in its infancy in respect to identifying new services\\/content, which deploy the technology convergence of broadcasting, Internet and radio while satisfying the user with respect to interactivity, sociability and content, and at the same time fit the small screen of a mobile phone. This paper reports on a semi-field trial performed with a group of young,

  11. Children's Perceived Reality of Television and the Effects of Pro- and Anti-Social TV Content on Social Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Byron

    Interviews were conducted with 721 students in fourth, sixth, and eighth grades to study whether children's perceived reality of television would affect the relationship between pro-social and anti-social television content and pro-social and anti-social behavior. Social behavior variables, a perceived reality index, and television exposure…

  12. Television Violence: Content, Context, and Consequences. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aidman, Amy

    This digest reports recent findings on violent television content, highlights the recently developed television ratings system, and offers suggestions for parental mediation of children's television viewing. The National Television Violence Study has demonstrated that not all violence is equal. Certain plot elements in portrayals of violence are…

  13. STUDY ABROADFOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS WHY YOU SHOULD

    E-print Network

    John, Lizy Kurian

    STUDY ABROADFOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS #12;WHY YOU SHOULD STUDY ABROAD 2 STUDY ABROAD FOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS Study abroad programs provide Radio-Television-Film majors with access my UT financial aid? STUDY ABROAD FOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS 3 · How will I get credit

  14. STUDY ABROAD STUDY ABROADFOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS

    E-print Network

    Johnston, Daniel

    STUDY ABROAD STUDY ABROADFOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS #12;WHY YOU SHOULD STUDY ABROAD 2 STUDY ABROAD FOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS Study abroad programs provide Radio-Television-Film majors my UT financial aid? STUDY ABROAD FOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS 3 · How will I get credit

  15. Enhancing Children's Educational Television with Design Rationales and Justifications

    E-print Network

    Herr, Hugh

    Enhancing Children's Educational Television with Design Rationales and Justifications Tamara M ________________________________________ Program in Media Arts and Sciences #12;2 Enhancing Children's Educational Television with Design and information to help children learn from television. Children who converse with their parents during television

  16. Blacks in the News: Television, Modern Racism and Cultural Change

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert M. Entman

    1992-01-01

    Local news may be one vehicle through which television helps, inadvertently, both to preserve and to transform cultural values. Content analysis on the evening news on four Chicago television stations over a lengthy period suggests local television responds to viewing tastes of black audiences. However, data on these Chicago television news programs suggest racism still may be indirectly encouraged by

  17. Adolescents' Perceptions of the Primary Values of Television Programming.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Potter, W. James

    1990-01-01

    Investigates the cultivation theory of media effects by studying whether adolescent viewers "see" certain lessons for human behavior in television portrayals and whether amount of exposure to television affects this. Finds that some values associated with television are more valued by higher versus lower exposed-to-television watchers. (SR)

  18. Instructional television utilization in the United States

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dumolin, J. R.

    1971-01-01

    Various aspects of utilizing instructional television (ITV) are summarized and evaluated and basic guidelines for future utilization of television as an instructional medium in education are considered. The role of technology in education, capabilities and limitations of television as an instructional media system and the state of ITV research efforts are discussed. Examples of various ongoing ITV programs are given and summarized. The problems involved in the three stages of the ITV process (production, distribution, and classroom utilization) are presented. A summary analysis outlines probable trends in future utilization.

  19. Forecasting global adoption of crystal display televisions with modified product diffusion model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bi-Huei Tsai; Yiming Li; Guan-Hua Lee

    2010-01-01

    Liquid crystal display televisions (LCD TVs) embody properties of durable and high-technological products. In this work, we relax the restrictive assumptions of constant internal influence in the conventional growth model for worldwide diffusion of LCD TV innovation. Based upon the price impact on the imitating behaviors, we incorporate price factor into the Bass model to study evolutions of LCD TV

  20. Television as a Tool: Talking with Kids about TV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Milton

    Most children spend more time with media than in school and much more time with media than in meaningful conversation with their parents. Recent research demonstrates how the media act as powerful influences on children's development--on their behaviors, attitudes, language, and values--from the earliest ages. This booklet is intended to help…

  1. Satellite Instructional Television Experiment. Television comes to village: An evaluation of SITE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. C. Agrawal

    1978-01-01

    The design and conclusions of India's satellite instructional television experiment (SITE) are presented and discussed. The socio-cultural changes triggered by the introduction of satellite TV were the central interest of the investigation. Seven villages, one each from six clusters and Kheda, about 20 to 30 km away from an urban centre and least contaminated by urban influence were selected. The

  2. Television Use, Sexual Behavior, and Relationship Status at Last Oral Sex and Vaginal Intercourse

    PubMed Central

    Bourdeau, Beth; Fisher, Deborah A.; Grube, Joel W.

    2010-01-01

    The current longitudinal study explores the relationship between adolescent television use at time 1 and sexual experience and relationship status (i.e., committed/romantic versus casual) 1 year later. The sample (N = 824) comprised youth aged 14–18. Multinomial logistic regressions predicting group membership from television exposure variables were conducted controlling for socio-demographic characteristics and prior sexual behavior. Results indicate that sexually inexperienced youth watched more television overall than sexually experienced youth, but less adult, premium and music television on cable networks. Premium cable exposure predicted group membership among sexually active youth. Youth who watched more premium cable at time 1 were more likely to be in casual relationship at last intercourse than a committed one. A more complete understanding of media effects on adolescent sexual relationships can help guide policy development, media education/literacy efforts, and contribute to the design of interventions to reduce the negative consequences associated with adolescent sexual behavior. PMID:20657790

  3. Professionalism and Awards in Television News Photography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Conrad; Hubbard, Tom

    1987-01-01

    Tests the hypothesis that photojournalists with high professionalism scores are more likely to win news photography awards. Suggests that television news photography awards recognize skills gained through experience rather than specific professional values. (MM)

  4. Community Access Television: A Social Service Resource.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, David

    1985-01-01

    Describes the use of cable television for social service presentations to serve the community and enhance the status of the profession. Four areas are discussed: information and referral, education and prevention, programs for special groups, and community organization issues. (JAC)

  5. Adolescents' Fright Reactions to Television and Films.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cantor, Joanne; Reilly, Sandra

    1982-01-01

    Results demonstrate that adolescents experience enduring fright reactions from scary television shows and films, yet their mothers are often unaware of their responses. Concludes that family communication about how and when a child is frightened is poor. (PD)

  6. Optimizing stereo separation in color television anaglyphs.

    PubMed

    Mulligan, J B

    1986-01-01

    A method is described for minimizing the ghost images which normally appear when anaglyphs are presented on color television screens. This is done by careful adjustment of the phosphor levels in each of the anaglyph regions. PMID:3774475

  7. 16 CFR 305.17 - Television labeling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...appendix L. When the estimated annual energy cost of a given television model falls...of the range closest to the model's energy cost. (7) The model's estimated annual energy consumption as determined in accordance with §...

  8. 16 CFR 305.17 - Television labeling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...appendix L. When the estimated annual energy cost of a given television model falls...of the range closest to the model's energy cost. (7) The model's estimated annual energy consumption as determined in accordance with §...

  9. 16 CFR 305.17 - Television labeling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...appendix L. When the estimated annual energy cost of a given television model falls...of the range closest to the model's energy cost. (7) The model's estimated annual energy consumption as determined in accordance with §...

  10. The Impact of Television on American Institutions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comstock, George

    1978-01-01

    Reviews the influence of 25 years of television on family life and the socialization of children, church and religion, enforcement of laws and norms, mass media and leisure, public security, and politics and public affairs. (JMF)

  11. Television: The Anti-Wellness Tool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leary, John E.

    1979-01-01

    The influence of television pervades American society to the extent that it seriously interferes with the development of desirable attitudes towards sexuality, nutrition, exercise, nonviolence, and general human wellness. (LH)

  12. Parental Mediation of Television Advertising Effects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Thomas S.

    1979-01-01

    Reviews the current research on the effects of television advertising on children and the interaction between parent and child regarding the child's consumer behavior. Suggests areas for future research. (JMF)

  13. Liquid crystal television spatial light modulators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liu, Hua-Kuang; Chao, Tien-Hsin

    1989-01-01

    The spatial light modulation characteristics and capabilities of the liquid crystal television (LCTV) spatial light modulators (SLMs) are discussed. A comparison of Radio Shack, Epson, and Citizen LCTV SLMs is made.

  14. Television--Business Tool of the Future.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crofts, Andrew

    1991-01-01

    Television is beginning to realize its potential in business as a medium for two-way communication via private corporate networks, video conferencing facilities, and interactive training products. (SK)

  15. [Photosensitive epilepsy and television epilepsy].

    PubMed

    Parain, D; Blondeau, C

    2000-01-01

    Photosensitivity is defined by the appearance of occipital or more diffuse electroencephalographic spikes and waves induced by intermittent light stimulation (ILS), particular patterns, TV-watching, and video games. Photosensitivity is a genetic characteristic. Only the diffuse spikes and waves induced by ILS are correlated with epilepsy. Pure photogenic epilepsy is characterized by seizures which are only visually induced, usually by watching TV. Video games sometimes add a trigger effect due to slowly moving patterns or intense brightness. Several epileptic syndromes are associated with a photosensitivity with or without visually-induced seizures, mainly generalized idiopathic epilepsy. PMID:10668093

  16. T-Learning and Interactive Television Edutainment: the Portuguese Case Study

    E-print Network

    Masthoff, Judith

    @ulusofona.pt Célia Quico Interactive Digital Television and Multimedia Department TV Cabo/ PT Multimedia Portugal Television evolution in Portugal since 2001 and discusses the T-Learning and iTV Edutainment implementation applications, t-learning Introduction Interactive Television (iTV) is a technology still in its infancy

  17. Effects of exposure to television advertising for energy-dense/nutrient-poor food on children's food intake and obesity in South Korea.

    PubMed

    Lee, Bora; Kim, Hyogyoo; Lee, Soo-Kyung; Yoon, Jihyun; Chung, Sang-Jin

    2014-10-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of television food advertising on participant food intake and risk of obesity. A total of 2419 children aged 11-13?years were selected from 118 elementary schools in South Korea. All participants completed a self-administered questionnaire with questions about height, weight, television viewing times, food preferences, and food intakes. To estimate actual exposure to food advertising, we asked participants to specify the times at which they usually watched television. We then collected data on the various types of food advertisement broadcast on five different television networks during those viewing times over the course of the previous 7?months. The amount of television watched and exposure to energy-dense/nutrient-poor (EDNP) food advertising were associated with an increased risk of being overweight or obese. Exposure to television advertising for EDNP food was also significantly associated with higher EDNP food preference and intake and lower fruit and vegetable intake. However, these relationships disappeared for all foods after adjusting for the overall amount of television watched. Although it was not possible to conclude that exposure to television advertising for EDNP food was associated with an increased risk of obesity, preference for EDNP foods, or overall food intake due to the strong comprehensive effects of television viewing time, there was a reason to believe the evidence of the effects of advertising in this study. Future longitudinal studies are needed to determine the exclusive effects of exposure to television advertising for EDNP food. PMID:24996594

  18. Rating Offensive Words in Three Television Program Contexts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry S. Sapolsky; Daniel M. Shafer; Barbara K. Kaye

    2010-01-01

    Renewed attention to the use of expletives on television has been spurred by several recent high-profile on-air incidents. This study investigates which words television viewers find most offensive in varying contexts: broadcast TV, cable, and premium channels. Results show significant differences in perceived offensiveness of words depending on the context in which words are heard. Male and female respondents, liberals

  19. Opportunities of interactive formats for innovative advertising on digital television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katrien Berte; Patrick Vyncke; Els De Bens

    2010-01-01

    The arrival of new technologies destabilizes the traditional television advertising markets. This evolution is fairly problematic as most broadcasters nowadays are only financed by advertising revenues. As the investments in TV advertising are declining, broadcasters pursue new business models and additional revenue streams. Looking into the different applications of interactive digital television, we discover several opportunities for branding and direct

  20. New Faces on Television: A 12Season Replication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bradley S. Greenberg; Tracy R. Worrell

    2007-01-01

    B. S. Greenberg and L. Collette (1997) analyzed 26 years of fall preview editions of TV Guide to examine how minorities and women are represented on television's new shows. This study adopts the same methods as that study and extends it for 12 more years, from Fall 1993 through Fall 2004. This study describes how the new faces on television

  1. Measurements of Multicast Television over IP Kashif Imran

    E-print Network

    on IP TeleVision (IPTV) multicast, that consists of 83 digital TV channels encoded using different MPEG television (IPTV) have long been indicated as the technology that will trigger this revolution, definitively the revolution is far from being complete. Indeed, while the Internet has definitively been accepted as the only

  2. A Study of Transistor Circuits for Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. C. Sziklai; R. D. Lohman; G. B. Herzog

    1953-01-01

    This paper describes a general study of transistors in television receivers. For this purpose the development of a completely transistorized television receiver was undertaken. An experimental model using 37 developmental transistors and a five-inch kinescope housed in a cabinet 13??12??7 inches was constructed. This portable receiver operates on a single channel using a self-contained loop, and has a total battery-power

  3. A strategy for instructional television research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John M. Ives

    1971-01-01

    Conclusion  In this article an empirical approach to instructional television research has been defined. This approach does not seek to\\u000a replace theoretical studies but seeks rather to establish, within those institutions using instructional television, a body\\u000a of knowledge based on empirical generalizations. Many authors have suggested the importance of defining objectives in assessing\\u000a instruction, but their ideas filter only very slowly

  4. Dimensions of teachers’ attitudes toward instructional television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce H. Westley; Harvey K. Jacobson

    1962-01-01

    Summary  Responses were obtained from 50 fourth and ninth grade teachers on a 55-item test of their attitudes toward television in\\u000a the classroom after 33 of them had been involved and 17 not involved in television series which introduced new ways of teaching\\u000a mathematics. Intercorrelations were computed, and factors were analyzed. The resulting factor structure indicated 10 unique\\u000a factors of the

  5. The Surveyor lunar landing television system

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald R. Montgomery; Frank J. Wolf

    1966-01-01

    The slow-scan television camera used in Surveyor I operates in a slow-scan mode that reduces the RF power requirements for the lunar distances involved. One 600-television-line frame is provided every 3.6 seconds in normal operation; one 200-line frame every 60.8 seconds in a second mode of operation. Upon command from earth, the camera's shutter opens, allowing light energy to reach

  6. Television Use, Sexual Behavior, and Relationship Status at Last Oral Sex and Vaginal Intercourse

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Melina M. BersaminBeth Bourdeau; Beth Bourdeau; Deborah A. Fisher; Joel W. Grube

    2010-01-01

    The current longitudinal study explores the relationship between adolescent television use at time 1 and sexual experience\\u000a and relationship status (i.e., committed\\/romantic versus casual) 1 year later. The sample (N = 824) comprised youth aged 14–18. Multinomial logistic regressions predicting group membership from television exposure\\u000a variables were conducted controlling for socio-demographic characteristics and prior sexual behavior. Results indicate that\\u000a sexually inexperienced youth watched

  7. Television and teens: health implications. Executive summary.

    PubMed

    Blum, R

    1990-01-01

    Throughout the study group deliberations, there were issues that cross-cut all discussions and suggestions. While the focus of the conference was on television, it is not possible to talk about television without including advertising, cable, and independent stations as well as the networks. In addition, television cannot be discussed in isolation from movies, for with VCRs and television reruns, movies are an integral part of the television scene. A second theme that transcended most discussion was a reluctance to call upon external regulatory mechanisms to control what many see as the excesses of television. There was sensitivity and concern for striking a balance between safeguarding basic freedoms, on one hand, and assuring the health and well being of the nation on the other. In terms of specific recommendations, there were some key general agreements: 1. Need for Interdisciplinary Dialog. Repeatedly, concern was voiced on how little understanding there is among and between those who are primarily concerned with the health and development of young people and those who develop programs viewed by that population.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2307601

  8. Obesogenic television food advertising to children in Malaysia: sociocultural variations

    PubMed Central

    Ng, See H.; Kelly, Bridget; Se, Chee H.; Chinna, Karuthan; Sameeha, Mohd Jamil; Krishnasamy, Shanthi; MN, Ismail; Karupaiah, Tilakavati

    2014-01-01

    Background Food advertising on television (TV) is well known to influence children's purchasing requests and models negative food habits in Western countries. Advertising of unhealthy foods is a contributor to the obesogenic environment that is a key driver of rising rates of childhood obesity. Children in developing countries are more at risk of being targeted by such advertising, as there is a huge potential for market growth of unhealthy foods concomitant with poor regulatory infrastructure. Further, in developing countries with multi-ethnic societies, information is scarce on the nature of TV advertising targeting children. Objectives To measure exposure and power of TV food marketing to children on popular multi-ethnic TV stations in Malaysia. Design Ethnic-specific popular TV channels were identified using industry data. TV transmissions were recorded for each channel from November 2012 to August 2013 (16 hr/day) for randomly selected weekdays and weekend days during normal days and repeated during school holidays (n=88 days). Coded food/beverage advertisements were grouped into core (healthy), non-core (non-healthy), or miscellaneous (unclassified) food categories. Peak viewing time (PVT) and persuasive marketing techniques were identified. Results Non-core foods were predominant in TV food advertising, and rates were greater during school holidays compared to normal days (3.51 vs 1.93 food ads/hr/channel, p<0.001). During normal days’ PVT, the ratio of non-core to core food advertising was higher (3.25 food ads/hr/channel), and this more than trebled during school holidays to 10.25 food ads/hr/channel. Popular channels for Indian children had the lowest rate of food advertising relative to other ethnic groups. However, sugary drinks remained a popular non-core product advertised across all broadcast periods and channels. Notably, promotional characters doubled for non-core foods during school holidays compared to normal days (1.91 vs 0.93 food ads/hr/channel, p<0.001). Conclusions This study highlights non-core food advertising, and predominantly sugary drinks are commonly screened on Malaysian TV channels. The majority of these sugary drinks were advertised by multinational companies, and this observation warrants regulatory attention. PMID:25141835

  9. 47 CFR 2.813 - Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service. 2...Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service. Section...transmitter operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service...

  10. 47 CFR 2.813 - Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service. 2...Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service. Section...transmitter operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service...

  11. 47 CFR 2.813 - Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service. 2...Transmitters operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service. Section...transmitter operated in the Instructional Television Fixed Service...

  12. 47 CFR 101.813 - Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. 101.813...FIXED MICROWAVE SERVICES Local Television Transmission Service § 101...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. (a)...

  13. 47 CFR 74.605 - Registration of stationary television pickup receive sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...false Registration of stationary television pickup receive sites. 74.605...PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Television Broadcast Auxiliary Stations § 74.605 Registration of stationary television pickup receive sites....

  14. 47 CFR 101.813 - Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. 101.813...FIXED MICROWAVE SERVICES Local Television Transmission Service § 101...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. (a)...

  15. 47 CFR 101.813 - Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. 101.813...FIXED MICROWAVE SERVICES Local Television Transmission Service § 101...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. (a)...

  16. 47 CFR 74.605 - Registration of stationary television pickup receive sites.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...false Registration of stationary television pickup receive sites. 74.605...PROGRAM DISTRIBUTIONAL SERVICES Television Broadcast Auxiliary Stations § 74.605 Registration of stationary television pickup receive sites....

  17. Design considerations for soft X-ray television imaging detectors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kalata, Kenneth; Golub, Leon

    1988-01-01

    Television sensors for X-rays can be coupled to converters and image intensifiers to obtain active areas, high flux capabilities, quantum efficiency, high time resolution, or ease of construction and operation that may not be obtained with a directly illuminated sensor. A general purpose system which makes use of these capabilities for a number of applications is decribed. Some of the performance characteristics of this type of system are examined, and the expected future developments for such systems are briefly addressed.

  18. Soft-Core in TV Time: The Political Economy of a “Cultural Trend”

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vicki Mayer

    2005-01-01

    This essay deconstructs popular notions that “sex sells” in an increasingly sexualized U.S. popular culture by examining the specific political, social, and economic forces behind the creation and expansion of Girls Gone Wild, a home video series marketed through television infomercials. The crackdown on hard-core pornography, followed by the opening of television infomercial markets, paved the way for the series’

  19. Lessons from children's television: The impact of the Children's Television Act on children's learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sandra L. Calvert; Jennifer A. Kotler

    2003-01-01

    The 1990 Children's Television Act (CTA) requires broadcasters to provide educational and informational television programs for children. A multimethod, multidisciplinary approach, utilizing both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs, was used to investigate the degree to which the CTA has had an effect on children's viewing experiences and learning. Second- to sixth-grade children's preferences and comprehension of content from prosocial and academic

  20. AdViews: A Digital Archive of Vintage Television Commercials

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    While watching television commercials might seem like a form of torture to some, this amazing archive is a treasure trove for those with an interest in media studies and popular culture. The AdViews digital archive consists of several thousand vintage television commercials from the 1950s through 1980s, and it is part of the John W. Hartman Center for Sales, Advertising & Marketing History at Duke University. First-time visitors should check out the "About" area for a bit more background on the project, and then type in some keywords like "peanuts" or "toothpaste" into the search engine. The results are returned in a grid format, and the commercials are played back via iTunes. The "AdViews Expert Interviews" area contains talks with former advertising executives, professors of marketing, and media studies experts. The site also has a nice blog that highlights new items in the collection and a quiz to "Test Your Ad Knowledge."

  1. "Crashing the gates" - selection criteria for television news reporting of traffic crashes.

    PubMed

    De Ceunynck, Tim; De Smedt, Julie; Daniels, Stijn; Wouters, Ruud; Baets, Michčle

    2015-07-01

    This study investigates which crash characteristics influence the probability that the crash is reported in the television news. To this purpose, all news items from the period 2006-2012 about traffic crashes from the prime time news of two Belgian television channels are linked to the official injury crash database. Logistic regression models are built for the database of all injury crashes and for the subset of fatal crashes to identify crash characteristics that correlate with a lower or higher probability of being reported in the news. A number of significant biases in terms of crash severity, time, place, types of involved road users and victims' personal characteristics are found in the media reporting of crashes. More severe crashes are reported in the media more easily than less severe crashes. Significant fluctuations in media reporting probability through time are found in terms of the year and month in which the crash took place. Crashes during week days are generally less reported in the news. The geographical area (province) in which the crash takes place also has a significant impact on the probability of being reported in the news. Crashes on motorways are significantly more represented in the news. Regarding the age of the involved victims, a clear trend of higher media reporting rates of crashes involving young victims or young fatalities is observed. Crashes involving female fatalities are also more frequently reported in the news. Furthermore, crashes involving a bus have a significantly higher probability of being reported in the news, while crashes involving a motorcycle have a significantly lower probability. Some models also indicate a lower reporting rate of crashes involving a moped, and a higher reporting rate of crashes involving heavy goods vehicles. These biases in media reporting can create skewed perceptions in the general public about the prevalence of traffic crashes and eventually may influence people's behaviour. PMID:25909390

  2. The relation between television exposure and executive function among preschoolers.

    PubMed

    Nathanson, Amy I; Aladé, Fashina; Sharp, Molly L; Rasmussen, Eric E; Christy, Katheryn

    2014-05-01

    This study investigated the relations between television exposure during the preschool years and the development of executive function (EF). Data were gathered from 107 parents of preschoolers who provided information on children's television viewing, background television exposure, exposure to specific televised content, and the age at which children began watching television. Preschoolers' EF was assessed via one-on-one interviews. We found that several indicators of television exposure were significantly related to EF. These findings suggest that EF may be an important construct for continued research on the effects of media on young children. PMID:24447117

  3. Study of television viewing habits in children.

    PubMed

    Mukherjee, Sharmila Banerjee; Gupta, Yogita; Aneja, Satinder

    2014-11-01

    Previous studies from developing countries have reported that Television (TV) viewing, if excessive and of poor quality has a proven negative influence on child health. Indian studies on this subject are few. The present study aimed at determining TV viewing habits of children and their families as well as parental perspectives on the impact of TV on child health using a provider completed indigenously developed questionnaire in Hindi. The study group comprised of 109 children attending a government hospital who belonged predominantly to lower socio-economic strata with poor maternal literacy. It was observed that 100 % children watched excessive TV (> 2 h daily), with majority viewing unsupervised and low quality content. There were minimal parental restrictions and no active discussion regarding contents. Negative impact was found on play, hobbies, sleep hygiene and eating habits in most children. Most parents were unaware of unhealthy viewing and the associated deleterious effects. As pediatricians we need to enquire about TV viewing habits routinely and educate parents about appropriate TV viewing. PMID:24682808

  4. An Educational Television Pilot Project in Cairo

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shenawy, Wagih El

    1970-01-01

    The controller of educational programs at UAR TV describes the procedure followed in a pilot project to measure the effect of using TV in classroom teaching before starting a schools TV project on a national scale." (Author/LS)

  5. 47 CFR 73.3572 - Processing of TV broadcast, Class A TV broadcast, low power TV, TV translators, and TV booster...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...translator, TV booster stations, and for a non-reserved television allotment, are subject to...translator, TV booster stations, or non-reserved television applications, which would...period for filing applications for a new non-reserved television, low power TV and TV...

  6. 47 CFR 73.3572 - Processing of TV broadcast, Class A TV broadcast, low power TV, TV translators, and TV booster...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...translator, TV booster stations, and for a non-reserved television allotment, are subject to...translator, TV booster stations, or non-reserved television applications, which would...period for filing applications for a new non-reserved television, low power TV and TV...

  7. 47 CFR 73.3572 - Processing of TV broadcast, Class A TV broadcast, low power TV, TV translators, and TV booster...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...translator, TV booster stations, and for a non-reserved television allotment, are subject to...translator, TV booster stations, or non-reserved television applications, which would...period for filing applications for a new non-reserved television, low power TV and TV...

  8. 47 CFR 73.3572 - Processing of TV broadcast, Class A TV broadcast, low power TV, TV translators, and TV booster...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...translator, TV booster stations, and for a non-reserved television allotment, are subject to...translator, TV booster stations, or non-reserved television applications, which would...period for filing applications for a new non-reserved television, low power TV and TV...

  9. Carrier: Interference ratios for frequency sharing between satellite systems transmitting frequency modulated and digital television signals

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barnes, S. P.

    1979-01-01

    Results are presented of subjective and quantitative tests describing the results of interference to a particular digital television system from a frequency modulated (FM) television system, and for interference to an FM television system from a digital television system.

  10. Privacy Policy for the Vanderbilt Television News Archive 1 Privacy Policy

    E-print Network

    Bordenstein, Seth

    Privacy Policy for the Vanderbilt Television News Archive 1 Privacy Policy Vanderbilt Television News Archive This Privacy Policy governs the manner in which Vanderbilt Television News Archive Television News Archive. Personal identification information We may collect personal identification

  11. Must See TV: The Timelessness of Television as a Teaching Tool.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Courtney Shelton

    2001-01-01

    Examples of ways to use themes and characters from television shows in classroom activities for organizational behavior courses are provided, related to need theories of motivation, perceptual biases and errors, and equity theory. Six appendices provide sample activities and test questions. (SK)

  12. The In-Difference of Television or Mapping in TV's Popular (Affective) Economy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grossberg, Lawrence

    This paper argues that the effectivity of television lies in the complex effects it generates by operating in specific ways on the line of in-difference, i.e., a particular structure of self relationship enacted in the relation between identity and difference. Using a theoretical and critical framework, the paper presents an analysis of three…

  13. TV system considerations for the Space Telescope

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lowrance, J. L.

    1976-01-01

    The Space Telescope, designed as a permanent observatory in space, will be launched into orbit, maintained, and refurbished by the Space Shuttle. One of the primary instruments to fly with the telescope is the f/24 Camera. The camera's mission requirements and their impact on the choice and design of a television system are discussed, along with the system engineering aspects of the TV system design and spacecraft design. An SEC type television camera tube was selected as the primary data acquisition sensor, because of its ability to accommodate exposure times of several hours with only modest cooling.

  14. Watching sport on television, physical activity, and risk of obesity in older adults

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Television (TV) viewing has been associated with obesity although the effects of specific TV content on health and other behaviours remains unknown. We examined the association between watching sport on TV, physical activity levels, and risk of obesity. Methods We studied 6,733 (aged 64.9?±?9.2 yrs) men and women from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, a prospective study of community dwelling older adults. Data were collected on self reported TV time and content, and physical activity. Nurses measured height and weight for the calculation of body mass index. Results On average, participants reported viewing TV for 5.3?±?4.1 hours per day and 30.3% of the sample watched sport on TV at least twice a week. There was no association between watching sport and physical activity levels. Participants that watched sports every day were at higher risk of obesity [odds ratio?=?1.39, 95% CI, 1.15, 1.68) after adjustment for age, sex, smoking, alcohol, physical activity, total TV time, disability, and self-rated health. Conclusions Watching elite athletes may have no role in the promotion of physical activity in older adults, which has implications for staging large sporting events with physical activity legacy promises. PMID:24400697

  15. Creating Demand for Prescription Drugs: A Content Analysis of Television Direct-to-Consumer Advertising

    PubMed Central

    Frosch, Dominick L.; Krueger, Patrick M.; Hornik, Robert C.; Cronholm, Peter F.; Barg, Frances K.

    2007-01-01

    PURPOSE American television viewers see as many as 16 hours of prescription drug advertisements (ads) each year, yet no research has examined how television ads attempt to influence consumers. This information is important, because ads may not meet their educational potential, possibly prompting consumers to request prescriptions that are clinically inappropriate or more expensive than equally effective alternatives. METHODS We coded ads shown during evening news and prime time hours for factual claims they make about the target condition, how they attempt to appeal to consumers, and how they portray the medication and lifestyle behaviors in the lives of ad characters. RESULTS Most ads (82%) made some factual claims and made rational arguments (86%) for product use, but few described condition causes (26%), risk factors (26%), or prevalence (25%). Emotional appeals were almost universal (95%). No ads mentioned lifestyle change as an alternative to products, though some (19%) portrayed it as an adjunct to medication. Some ads (18%) portrayed lifestyle changes as insufficient for controlling a condition. The ads often framed medication use in terms of losing (58%) and regaining control (85%) over some aspect of life and as engendering social approval (78%). Products were frequently (58%) portrayed as a medical breakthrough. CONCLUSIONS Despite claims that ads serve an educational purpose, they provide limited information about the causes of a disease or who may be at risk; they show characters that have lost control over their social, emotional, or physical lives without the medication; and they minimize the value of health promotion through lifestyle changes. The ads have limited educational value and may oversell the benefits of drugs in ways that might conflict with promoting population health. PMID:17261859

  16. Gender stereotyping in television advertisements: a study of French and Danish television.

    PubMed

    Furnham, A; Babitzkow, M; Uguccioni, S

    2000-02-01

    Two similar, but not identical, content analyses of the portrayals of men and women in French and Danish television advertisements are reported. By partially replicating and extending past investigations conducted in America, Australia, Britain, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Italy, Kenya, and New Zealand, it was predicted that there would be more gender stereotyping in French television advertisements and less gender stereotyping in Danish television advertisements. In the first study, 165 French television advertisements were analyzed by following established coding categories (A. Furnham & E. Skae, 1997; L. Z. McArthur & B. G. Resko, 1975). Contrary to prediction, the results showed that traditional gender role portrayal on French television was no different from that found in other countries. Separate statistical analyses were carried out for visually versus aurally classified central figures, yet this yielded relatively few significant differences. In the second study, a sample of 151 Danish advertisements was analyzed; results showed that Danish television was generally less gender stereotypic than French television in its portrayal of women. Exactly half (5) of the coding categories showed significant differences. Finally, an international statistical comparison between these two studies and similar research in Australia, Britain, and Italy was carried out. The methodological implications of these results are discussed as well as the theoretical issues arising from other studies of this sort. PMID:10713902

  17. Mariner 9 television calibration - Revisited

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Herkenhoff, Ken E.; Soderblom, Laurence A.; Murray, Bruce C.; Danielson, G. Edward

    1988-01-01

    Mariner 9 TV data from the 1971-1972 encounter with Mars, which contain good synoptic coverage of of the planet as well as the highest-resolution images thus far obtained for the south polar region, can lead to more accurate photometric analysis if subjected to improved processing methods. While calibration errors are rather greater than those of the Viking Orbiter cameras, both calibration data and processing software applicable to an improvement program have become available through the USGS's Planetary Image Cartography System.

  18. Television, computer and portable display device use by people with central vision impairment

    E-print Network

    Peli, Eli

    , difficulty) and viewing metrics (e.g. distance viewed, display size) for television (TV), comput- ers with the viewing experience of NS viewers. Introduction Television (TV) watching is a common activity of dailyTelevision, computer and portable display device use by people with central vision impairment

  19. Beyond Our Control: A Junior Achievement Television Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Dave

    1971-01-01

    Described is a program under which high school students share the responsibility of running a model television production company, from selling advertising to producing a weekly half hour television program. Special attention is given to the show they produce. (LS)

  20. Television on the Bering Strait -- The Far North.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madigan, R. J.; Peterson, W. Jack

    1977-01-01

    Describes an experiment using videotaped programing as an alternative to satellite communication for television broadcasting in an isolated Alaskan village. Discusses the impact of television generally and local control in particular on the community. (JMF)

  1. The Fred Gerber Scholarship in the Creative Art of Television

    E-print Network

    Dyer, Bill

    The Fred Gerber Scholarship in the Creative Art of Television Award Amount: $750.00 ****Scholarship professional goals in the motion picture/television industry. 3. Attach a written statement of character

  2. The Expanding Role of Television in College Football: A Chronology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    The Chronicle of Higher Education, 1984

    1984-01-01

    A chronology of television in college football is presented from the first televised college football game (a University of Pennsylvania game) to the Supreme Court ruling declaring that the National Collegiate Athletic Association contracts violate antitrust law. (MLW)

  3. 47 CFR 76.51 - Major television markets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...television markets and their designated communities: (a) First 50 major television markets: (1) New York, New York-Linden-Paterson-Newark, New Jersey. (2) Los Angeles-San Bernardino-Corona-Riverside-Anaheim, Calif. (3)...

  4. 47 CFR 76.51 - Major television markets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...television markets and their designated communities: (a) First 50 major television markets: (1) New York, New York-Linden-Paterson-Newark, New Jersey. (2) Los Angeles-San Bernardino-Corona-Riverside-Anaheim, Calif. (3)...

  5. 47 CFR 76.51 - Major television markets.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...television markets and their designated communities: (a) First 50 major television markets: (1) New York, New York-Linden-Paterson-Newark, New Jersey. (2) Los Angeles-San Bernardino-Corona-Riverside-Anaheim, Calif. (3)...

  6. Young children in urban areas: Links among neighborhood characteristics, weight status, outdoor play, and television watching

    PubMed Central

    Kimbro, Rachel Tolbert; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; McLanahan, Sara

    2011-01-01

    Although research consistently demonstrates a link between residential context and physical activity for adults and adolescents, less is known about young children’s physical activity. Using data from the U.S. Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=1822, 51% male), we explored whether outdoor play and television watching were associated with children’s body mass indexes (BMIs) at age five using OLS regression models, controlling for a wide array of potential confounders, including maternal BMI. We also tested whether subjective and objective neighborhood measures - socioeconomic status (from U.S. Census tract data), type of dwelling, perceived collective efficacy, and interviewer-assessed physical disorder of the immediate environment outside the home -were associated with children’s activities, using negative binomial regression models. Overall, 19% of the sample were overweight (between the 85th and 95th percentiles), and 16% were obese (?95th percentile). Hours of outdoor play were negatively associated with BMI, and hours of television were positively associated with BMI. Moreover, a ratio of outdoor play to television time was a significant predictor of BMI. Higher maternal perceptions of neighborhood collective efficacy were associated with more hours of outdoor play, fewer hours of television viewing, and more trips to a park or playground. In addition, we found that neighborhood physical disorder was associated with both more outdoor play and more television watching. Finally, contrary to expectations, we found that children living in public housing had significantly more hours of outdoor play and watched more television, than other children. We hypothesize that poorer children may have more unstructured time, which they fill with television time but also with outdoor play time; and that children in public housing may be likely to have access to play areas on the grounds of their housing facilities. PMID:21324574

  7. Two-way cable television project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilkens, H.; Guenther, P.; Kiel, F.; Kraus, F.; Mahnkopf, P.; Schnee, R.

    1982-02-01

    The market demand for a multiuser computer system with interactive services was studied. Mean system work load at peak use hours was estimated and the complexity of dialog with a central computer was determined. Man machine communication by broadband cable television transmission, using digital techniques, was assumed. The end to end system is described. It is user friendly, able to handle 10,000 subscribers, and provides color television display. The central computer system architecture with remote audiovisual terminals is depicted and software is explained. Signal transmission requirements are dealt with. International availability of the test system, including sample programs, is indicated.

  8. Food cues in children's television programs.

    PubMed

    Radnitz, Cynthia; Byrne, Shannon; Goldman, Rachel; Sparks, Martha; Gantshar, Meredith; Tung, Kane

    2009-02-01

    We examined the nutritional content of and characters' attitudes toward foods depicted in Public Broadcasting System (PBS) television programs aimed at children under age 5. Two-hundred and forty-five episodes from 10 programs were rated, totaling 136 h. There was almost twice the total airtime for depictions of unhealthy (321.03 min) versus healthy (184.72 min) foods, and significantly higher ratings for excessive consumption and valuing (characters' expressions of endorsement) of unhealthy versus healthy foods. Unhealthy foods were shown being valued significantly more than they were shown resulting in negative consequences. Our findings suggest concern for how foods are presented on children's television programs. PMID:18691621

  9. Improving Acoustic Models by Watching Television

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Witbrock, Michael J.; Hauptmann, Alexander G.

    1998-01-01

    Obtaining sufficient labelled training data is a persistent difficulty for speech recognition research. Although well transcribed data is expensive to produce, there is a constant stream of challenging speech data and poor transcription broadcast as closed-captioned television. We describe a reliable unsupervised method for identifying accurately transcribed sections of these broadcasts, and show how these segments can be used to train a recognition system. Starting from acoustic models trained on the Wall Street Journal database, a single iteration of our training method reduced the word error rate on an independent broadcast television news test set from 62.2% to 59.5%.

  10. Mediating Relations: Therapeutic Discourse in American Prime Time Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Mimi

    Although "The Equalizer" and "Finder of Lost Loves" are different kinds of prime time fiction--urban thriller on the one hand and fantasy melodrama on the other--they share an underlying dramatic structure and symbolic problematic in their repeated enactments of a therapeutic cure overseen by a mediating, authority figure. The protagonists in both…

  11. Virtual Classrooms: Educational Opportunity through Two-Way Interactive Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hobbs, Vicki M.; Christianson, J. Scott

    This book describes in non-technical language how a small school can greatly expand its course offerings by forming a two-way interactive television (I-TV) network with surrounding school districts. I-TV is the linkage of 3 to 10 school districts over fiber optic, coaxial cable, or dedicated copper telephone lines which enables participating…

  12. PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Journalism (Television)

    E-print Network

    Weyde, Tillman

    1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name Journalism (Television. · This is a relatively new course which began in 2033 and has already educated journalists working in all major TV organisations · Faculty: highest-quality teaching staff, led by Lis Howell, an award winning TV journalist

  13. Global Television and Foreign Policy. Headline Series No. 283.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, James F.

    This document explores the impact of television coverage on foreign policy decision making and the complexities of a changing media-foreign policy relationship in an era of global television. Government officials believe that television news has a great effect on foreign policy decisions. By contrast, many political scientists contend that…

  14. 75 FR 28594 - Ready-to-Learn Television Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-21

    ...CFDA Number 84.295A] Ready-to-Learn Television Program AGENCY: Office of Innovation...awards for FY 2010 for the Ready-to-Learn Television Program. We have extended the...INFORMATION CONTACT: The Ready-to-Learn Television Program, U.S....

  15. 75 FR 16763 - Ready-to-Learn Television Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-02

    ...CFDA Number 84.295A] Ready-to-Learn Television Program AGENCY: Office of Innovation...awards for FY 2010 for the Ready-to-Learn Television Program. There is an error...INFORMATION CONTACT: The Ready-to-Learn Television Program, U.S....

  16. The Domestic Economy of Television Viewing in Postwar America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spigel, Lynn

    1989-01-01

    Examines how postwar women's magazines introduced television to the American housewife. Reveals the way television was imbricated in the gendered division of labor and leisure at home by exploring how the magazines deliberated on the problems television posed for women's domestic chores and the efficient functioning of the household. (KEH)

  17. French televised debate and the public service ethos

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lucy Mazdon

    1999-01-01

    As the French televisual landscape has been altered through privatisation and the advent of new channels, many commentators have posited a shift from paleo?television to neo?television, from viewer as citizen to viewer as consumer. This article argues that such a dichotomy is overly simplistic, suggesting instead that contemporary French public service broadcasting combines elements of both types of television. It

  18. New Directions for Health Education Through Instructional Television

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Robert; Owen, Kent

    1971-01-01

    The emergence of instructional television as an important and progressive force in the schools does indeed signal the advent of a new strategy in school health education. The National Instructional Television Center has begun the planning and development that should lead to a major television project in health education. (Author)

  19. Can Television Be Used to Teach Essential Skills?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levinsohn, Florence Hamlish

    1977-01-01

    Investigates whether television should be called upon to assist in teaching young students the basic skills that they seem not to be learning very well. Discusses the introduction of television teaching in El Salvador and evaluates the work of the Agency for Instructional Television to see how it is approaching the teaching of basic skills.…

  20. RECENT ADVANCES IN TRANSCRIBING TELEVISION AND RADIO BROADCASTS

    E-print Network

    RECENT ADVANCES IN TRANSCRIBING TELEVISION AND RADIO BROADCASTS Jean-Luc Gauvain, Lori Lamel the television and radio broadcast news, and describe the LIMSI system used in the Nov98 ARPA benchmark test decoding approach with acoustic model adaptation. Radio and television broadcasts contain signal segments

  1. Television at the University of Leeds; A Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Committee for Audio-Visual Aids in Education, London (England).

    Composed of articles written by the closed circuit television (CCTV) team at the University of Leeds, this booklet attempts to provide a picture of the factors involved in organizing and making television material designed specifically for teaching purposes. The articles cover defining objectives for educational television in higher institutional…

  2. FTC Staff Report on Television Advertising to Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Trade Commission, New York, NY. Bureau of Consumer Protection.

    This report addresses the problems created by the large volume of current television advertising being directed to children, many of whom naively accept the messages and cannot perceive the selling purpose of television advertising or otherwise comprehend or evaluate it; and recommends that law-making proceedings begin to (1) ban all television

  3. PRELIMINARY SYLLABUS FILM S439: Television Situation Comedy

    E-print Network

    PRELIMINARY SYLLABUS FILM S439: Television Situation Comedy Instructor: Anne Berke (anne-seminar course will focus on the form of the television situation comedy in America, from its origins in the mid certain shows foreground their generic or industrial identities as sitcoms, television shows, and network

  4. RESPONSIVE TELEVISION V. M. Bove, Jr. and S. Agamanolis

    E-print Network

    Bove Jr., V. Michael

    RESPONSIVE TELEVISION V. M. Bove, Jr. and S. Agamanolis Massachusetts Institute of Technology Media Laboratory, USA ABSTRACT Responsive Television consists of a stream of media objects and procedural metadata their needs and circumstances. But what does this mean to television? The Broadercasting project at the MIT

  5. UITV University of Iowa Cable Television ITS VIDEO SERVICES

    E-print Network

    UITV ­ University of Iowa Cable Television ITS VIDEO SERVICES 1 UITV Telecommunication and Network Services ITS Video Services 23 Lindquist Center 319-335-5898 UITV, University of Iowa Cable Television THE CABLE CHANNEL What is the value of a cable television channel? This simple question was played out

  6. UNDERWATER TELEVISION VEHICLE FOR USE IN FISHERIES RESEARCH

    E-print Network

    UNDERWATER TELEVISION VEHICLE FOR USE IN FISHERIES RESEARCH (Marine Biological Laboratoiy j -. :I57 UNDERWATER TELEVISION VEHiaE FOR USE IN FISHERIES RESEARCH By R. F. Sand/""and R. L. McNeely''"* K^hief, Gear 6 Movable Components 6 Drive Mechanisms - 8 TELEVISION EQUIPMENT 10 POvfER SUPPLY 11 USE OF VEHICLE

  7. Radio-Frequency Interference from Digital Television Patrick C. Crane

    E-print Network

    Ellingson, Steven W.

    Radio-Frequency Interference from Digital Television Patrick C. Crane 29 April 2008 Digital television (DTV) signals have intermittently been observed during measurements of radio and includes the VHF television channels 2-6 (54-60, 60-66, 66-72, 76-82, and 82-88 MHz); for example

  8. Film & Television Minor Boston University College of Communication

    E-print Network

    Goldberg, Bennett

    Film & Television Minor Boston University College of Communication Effective July 1, 2011 Pre a minor. The student must have the Film & Television department sign off on the Universal Minor Form after toward the COM minor. Film & Television encompasses four focus areas: ·Studies ·Management ·Production

  9. Film & Television Minor Boston University College of Communication

    E-print Network

    Film & Television Minor Boston University College of Communication Effective July 1, 2011 Pre. The student must have the Film & Television department sign off on the COM Minor Form after pre minor. Film & Television encompasses four focus areas: ·Studies ·Management ·Production ·Writing Six

  10. Television Sound and Viewer Perceptions W. Russell Neuman, MIT

    E-print Network

    Bove Jr., V. Michael

    Television Sound and Viewer Perceptions W. Russell Neuman, MIT Ann N. Crigler, USC V. Michael Bove, MIT This study examines the impact of changes in audio quality on viewer perceptions of the television of television programming. Viewers watched a series of short video clips with varying audio quality and asked

  11. Television Weathercasts and Their Role in Geographic Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Earl, Richard A.; Pasternack, Steve

    1991-01-01

    Urges increased geographic and meteorologic training for television weather reporters. Suggests using television weather reports to promote knowledge of place names and physical geography. Discusses a survey of television news departments in 48 states. Reports findings on the lengths of weather reports and the training of weather reporters. (DK)

  12. The Representation of Blacks on British Television Drama, 1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manuel, Preethi

    Since television both reflects and affects society, how blacks are portrayed in television drama is significant for program producers, the audience, and for consideration in debates on multicultural content, minority access, and integrated casting. Previous work in the field of blacks and television has been based on observational sociology,…

  13. Tuning in to Young Viewers: Social Science Perspectives on Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacBeth, Tannis M., Ed.

    Research indicates that children are especially vulnerable to the effects of television viewing. Taking a psychological, social-science perspective, this book explores how television viewing affects children. Chapter 1, "Introduction," (MacBeth) discusses the issues involved, how researchers go about studying media effects, whether television

  14. Effect of Cable on Public Television: Two Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agostino, Donald E.; Avery, Robert K.

    Summaries are provided for two complementary studies assessing the effects of cable on public television in the areas of viewing patterns and viewer financial support. "The Cable Subscriber's Viewing of Public Television" consisted of an analysis of some 2,500 Arbitron television diaries from cable and noncable homes in 13 selected markets. The…

  15. Television in South Africa: The Research Paradox, Problem and Potential.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Randall; Ekman, Paul

    South Africa, the last urban, industrial, Western-culture society without television, called for television introduction on January 1, 1976. Thus, South Africa represented the last chance to explore certain research questions about the impact of television in modern societies. A study was made of: (1) factors in the South African context which…

  16. Inside the Agenda-Setting Process: How Political Advertising and TV News Prime Viewers Think about Issues and Candidates.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schleuder, Joan; And Others

    A study of the agenda-setting influence of the mass media on adult viewers explored (in a series of five experiments) how political knowledge stored in long term memory can be activated by the media, leading to decisions about issue salience. Spreading activation theory formed the basis for the study, and priming--the concept that the activation…

  17. Television viewing and adolescents' sexual behavior.

    PubMed

    Brown, J D; Newcomer, S F

    1991-01-01

    Over the past two decades the sexual content on television has increased in frequency and explicitness but has seldom included depiction of the use of contraceptives. Concurrently, the age of initiation of heterosexual intercourse has decreased and the number of teenaged pregnancies has remained high. Are these trends related? This survey of 391 adolescents found that those who chose heavier diets of sexy television shows were more likely than those who viewed a smaller proportion of sexual content on television to have had sexual intercourse. This relationship held regardless of perceived peer encouragement to engage in sex and across race and gender groups. While causal direction is not clear from these data, the relationship suggests that either sexual activity results in increased interest in sexual content in the media and/or that viewing such content leads to sexual activity. In either case, the finding points to the need for further research and increased discussion and portrayal of the use of contraceptives on television. PMID:1856474

  18. Television and Reading in the United Kingdom.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Keith

    Television output in the United Kingdom is limited to three main channels. Two of these are controlled by a public corporation, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC); one is operated by a number of commercial companies under the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA). Both the BBC and IBA have expanded their educational output in recent…

  19. Delivery of Instruction via Television. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wisconsin State Board of Vocational, Technical, and Adult Education, Madison.

    During 1985, the Wisconsin Board of Vocational, Technical, and Adult Education (VTAE) expanded its delivery of instruction via television. Approximately 3,000 persons at 170 sites throughout the United States and Canada participated in the VTAE's Technical School of the Air. In addition to delivering six to eight courses per semester, the network…

  20. World Service Television: ELT Resource for Asia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katchen, Johanna E.

    This paper shows how satellite television programs can be used to advance Asian students' listening ability in English. Particular focus is on news broadcasts. The paper is divided into three sections, an introduction, some concluding remarks, and the substantive discussion headed "Using News Broadcasts in the EFL (English as a Foreign Language)…

  1. Television Viewing Guides and Parental Recommendations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heald, Gary R.

    1980-01-01

    When parents were sent television viewing guides listing (1) programs containing violent or otherwise antisocial behaviors, or (2) programs containing positive, prosocial behaviors, both groups of parents discouraged their children from watching some of the antisocial programs. Viewing guides sent to a third group, listing both antisocial and…

  2. Children's Television Commercials; A Content Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winick, Charles; And Others

    The purpose of the study described in this book was to determine the content parameter of television commercials addressed to children. A total of 236 commercials were collected from advertising agencies representing cereals, candy, drinks, foods for meals, restaurants, cookies, miscellaneous, cakes, ice cream, vitamins, and crunchy snacks. Each…

  3. Instructional Television: The State of the Art.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Breitenfeld, Frederick, Jr.

    In attempting to assess the current state of instructional television, this paper concerns itself first with the various distribution systems and pieces of machinery available to educators and in use across the country. It deplores the inflexibility of the American educational structure which has not yet committed itself to the full exploitation…

  4. INSTRUCTION BY TELEVISION: TWO PRESENTATIONS COMPARED

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Barrington

    1972-01-01

    Closed?circuit television equipment was used to produce two versions of a programme on the Psychology of Learning for showing to student teachers. Programme A was designed in accordance with the suggestion that the more a presentation approximates to reality, the more effective it will be. Programme B was designed in accordance with the suggestion that a presentation will be more

  5. Interactive Instructional Television (IITV) Classroom System Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan-Nicholls, Kimberly D.

    2001-01-01

    Presents an analysis of three different Interactive Instructional Television (IITV) classroom system design applications. Findings indicate each IITV system design has its own set of defining characteristics; however, underlying these unique attributes some common elements are found that are fundamental to delivery of two-way audio and video IITV.…

  6. Instructional Television: Does It Affect Student Attitudes?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Teresa Beed; Larry Gianchetta; Richard Withycombe

    1992-01-01

    The University of Montana offered an MBA accounting class with a live television component during the fall quarter, 1988. Three separate classroom situations were involved. Pre- and post-quarter questionnaires were administered to the three groups of students. This research project was designed to determine what, if any, differences existed between these three groups of MBA students with regard to attitudes.

  7. Visual Newsworkers' Attitudes toward Local Television News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Upshaw, Jim

    The voices of photographers and other visual-crafts workers rarely are heard in public discourse about local television news. All rank-and-file newsworkers potentially face reprisals resulting in shortened or blighted careers if they participate openly in assessing and criticizing the medium. A fresh examination of these newsworkers' views and…

  8. Television and Video Recording in Music Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carpenter, Thomas H.

    1971-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to consider, first, some of the implications of using the videotape recorder in the television studio for in-school music instruction...and, second, some of the present-day practices of using smaller videotape recorders in the classroom and teaching studio for individualized instruction." (Author)

  9. Television as a Medium of Verbal Communication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Mabel

    This paper describes a study on the nature of the linguistic information presented in children's television programs which was conducted to compare the verbal communication features of different types of programs, determine whether there were adjustments of linguistic information that would facilitate young children's linguistic processing, and…

  10. Curriculum Decision-Making and Educational Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Michael T.

    The 3-part inquiry described focused on geography departments in maintained secondary schools in England, Scotland, and Wales to study the process of decision-making in the curriculum context which needs to be done before using a television set in the classroom. In part one, four local education authorities were studied to determine and describe…

  11. EUROPEAN DIGITAL TELEVISION: FUTURE REGULATORY DILEMMAS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PERTTI NRNEN

    The development of digital television (DTV) has encountered many problems in the Europe. The recent collapse of terrestrial digital channels in Spain and UK, financial problems of even major satellite players and slow or stagnated user interest in most European countries demonstrate only one part of the difficulties. The combination of technological determinism, market optimism and inconsistent \\

  12. Children's Television Programmes in a Qualitative Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hake, Karin

    When there is something we want to know, we usually ask experts, but rarely do we ask children about their own childhood. This paper looks at children's perceptions and responses in relation to programming on children's television. Topics include: (1) what are children's programs?; (2) when do children become adults?; (3) criteria for quality; (4)…

  13. Cable Television; Takeoff Into Sustained Growth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quantum Science Corp., New York, NY.

    This comprehensive report, prepared by a national commercial information company, describes the current status (1972) of cable television in the United States. The report provides general historical and background information pertaining to the future growth of the industry, the national marketing outlook, the relationship between cable operators…

  14. Black Family Imagery and Interactions on Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Merritt, Bishetta; Stroman, Carolyn A.

    1993-01-01

    Examines African-American family life portrayals (BFLPs) on commercial television during the 1985-86 season, and considers BFLPs as a model for social learning by children. Analysis of the "Cosby Show,""227," and "Charlie & Company" indicates that more positive BFLPs are emerging, which may provide possible role models for children. (SLD)

  15. Carrascolendas: Television Teacher's Guide. The 500 Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KLRN/KLRU-TV, Austin, TX.

    The teacher's guide to the "Carrascolendas 500 Series," a bilingual (Spanish/English) television program geared toward encouraging affective learning in 6- to 9-year-olds, provides information about the main points made in each of the 39 programs in the series. It gives teachers general tips on how to use the series to explore important issues…

  16. EXTENDING THE EDUCATIONAL INFLUENCE OF TELEVISION BROADCASTS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    JOHNSON, EUGENE I.

    TWO APPROACHES TO EXTENDING THE EDUCATIONAL INFLUENCE OF TELECASTS ARE DISCUSSED. THE FIRST APPROACH TAKES OFF FROM THE TELEVISION BROADCAST, THE EFFECT OF WHICH CAN BE HEIGHTENED BY DIAL ACCESS LIBRARIES OF MAGNETIC TAPE RECORDINGS, OPEN LINE PROGRAMS, DISCUSSION GROUPS, SIMULATION OR GAMES, AND THE PUBLICIZING OF OTHER RESOURCES, ALL OF WHICH…

  17. Santa Cruz Community Service Television Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frederiksen, Herbert Allan

    A non-profit corporation, called the Santa Cruz Community Service Television Project (S.C.C.S.T.P.), is proposed that would produce videotape for the purpose of intra-community communication. The corporation would use portable videotape equipment to record a variety of community programs, such as an ecological history of the Monterey Bay area, the…

  18. Cable Television: The Process of Franchising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Leland L.; Botein, Michael

    In an effort to insure that cable television franchising procedures at the local level are based on a competitive and well-conceived selection process, this report discusses some of the most important steps of the franchising process. Not only does it show how the community should assess its needs and appraise the merits of the cable operator, but…

  19. Cable Television Report and Suggested Ordinance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    League of California Cities, Sacramento.

    Guidelines and suggested ordinances for cable television regulation by local governments are comprehensively discussed in this report. The emphasis is placed on franchising the cable operator. Seventeen legal aspects of franchising are reviewed, and an exemplary ordinance is presented. In addition, current statistics about cable franchising in…

  20. Closed Circuit Television in Adult Tutor Training.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fey, Susan

    1980-01-01

    Describes a program in which closed circuit television (CCTV) is used to provide adult tutor training. The CCTV is used in two ways: (1) as part of an inservice training course to explore teaching methods; and (2) to let tutors see themselves as their students see them. (CT)

  1. EXPERIMENTS WITH CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION (CCTV).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    NAESLUND, JON

    TO ACHIEVE BETTER INTEGRATION BETWEEN THEORY AND PRACTICE IN TEACHER TRAINING IT IS NECESSARY TO STUDY IN DETAIL THE EFFECT OF THE USE OF CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION (CCTV). BECAUSE IT CAN CONCENTRATE AND STORE KEY POINTS IN A TREATMENT SEQUENCE, CCTV IS PARTICULARLY HELPFUL IN EDUCATIONAL SITUATIONS THAT INVOLVE LONG SEQUENCES OF INSTRUCTION OVER…

  2. Instructional Television Facilities: A Planning Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witherspoon, John P.; Kessler, William J.

    When planning an instructional television (ITV) system, it is suggested that educational objectives should outweigh technological considerations and that expert advice be secured before the planning process is far advanced. In line with the latter suggestion, the book offers a background of technical knowledge aimed at educational administrators…

  3. Radio and Television Repairer Fundamentals. Student's Manual.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maul, Chuck

    This self-contained student manual on fundamentals of radio and television repair is designed to help trade and industrial students relate work experience on the job to information studied at school. Designed for individualized instruction under the supervision of a coordinator or instructor, the manual has 9 sections, each containing 2 to 10…

  4. Sex Differences on Televised Toy Commercials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldstein, Jerome H.; Feldstein, Sandra

    1982-01-01

    Observation of televised toy commercials during holiday periods in 1977 and 1978 revealed that: 1) more boys than girls appeared in commercials in both years; 2) girls had more passive roles in 1977 commercials; and 3) vehicles and male dolls were primarily aimed at boys, while manipulative toys were aimed at both sexes. (Author/MJL)

  5. Sex differences on televised toy commercials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jerome H. Feldstein; Sandra Feldstein

    1982-01-01

    Televised toy commercials were observed during the 1977 (N=44) and 1978 (N=47) Christmas holiday seasons; children shown in the commercials were classified by sex and activity or passivity. In 1977 53 boys and 37 girls were observed; 71 boys and 35 girls were shown in 1978. There were significantly more boys than girls in the 1978 sample of commercials; more

  6. Cable Television Franchise Provisions for Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC. Div. of Instruction and Professional Development.

    The National Educational Association (NEA) makes recommendations on the services of franchised cable television stations to schools. The recommendations, in 20 areas, are then compared with existing Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulations on each point. The recommendations include: a minimum of at least one educational access channel…

  7. The People Look at Public Television, 1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lyle, Jack

    Based on data collected by several individuals in recent years, this report is intended to provide an overview of American public broadcasting and its audiences. The size, characteristics, and viewing patterns of public, noncommercial television viewers are described. Among the findings cited in the report are the following: (1) 80 percent of…

  8. Defining Cable Television: Structuration and Public Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Parsons, Patrick R.

    1989-01-01

    Suggests Anthony Giddens' theory of "structuration" offers a framework for the study of social activity that will help analyze the process of reification. Demonstrates the usefulness of structuration to policy analysis and explores the evolution and consequences of definitions of cable television prior to the "blue sky" era. (MS)

  9. CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION IN TEACHER EDUCATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KELLER, ROBERT J.; AND OTHERS

    A 3-YEAR PROJECT WAS INITIATED IN THE SPRING OF 1959 FOR BROAD PURPOSES--(1) TO STUDY THE RELATIVE ADVANTAGES OF OBSERVATION IN TEACHER EDUCATION BY CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION (CCTV), USE OF KINESCOPES, AND DIRECT OBSERVATION, (2) TO DEVELOP VALID AND RELIABLE MEASURING INSTRUMENTS FOR EVALUATING OBSERVATIONAL PRACTICES AND SKILLS, (3) TO DEVELOP…

  10. Quality meter and digital television applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierre Bretillon; Nathalie Montard; Jamal Baina; Gabriel Goudezeune

    2000-01-01

    In today's television competitive environment, quality of service is critical. For network providers, the delivered quality of service is usually a matter of technical signal quality. However, with the current development of digital broadcasting, the quality of service that is provided to the end-user is one of the most important performance criterion. Thus, perceived image and sound quality are important

  11. Effects of Television Advertising on Consumer Socialization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Scott; Wackman, Daniel B.

    In this survey a sample was taken of kindergarten students, third graders, and sixth graders of both sexes and of varying socioeconomic backgrounds for the purpose of exploring their attitudes toward television commercials. Questions concerning the child's mother's attitude towards commercials, the child's cognition of commercials, and the child's…

  12. New England Instructional Television Research Center (NETREC).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Friedlander, Bernard Z.; Wetstone, Harriet S.

    Projects of the New England Instructional Television Research Center (NITREC) are summarized in a collection of papers. Objectives, rationale, and program of NETREC are defined, along with methods of formative evaluation during production. Seven videotest research projects cover methods of evaluating communicative effectiveness of primary-grade…

  13. Science on Television: Storytelling, Learning and Citizenship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dhingra, Koshi

    2006-01-01

    The three major educational sectors in which learning occurs are often taken to be the formal education sector (schools, colleges, universities and so on), the workplace, and the free-choice learning sector (Falk, 2002). This review is concerned with science on television, understood as a significant component of the free-choice learning sector.…

  14. High-Efficiency Klystron For Television Transmitters

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ramins, Peter; Dayton, James; Mccune, Earl, Sr.; Kosmahl, Henry

    1990-01-01

    Improved klystron designed for use as final amplifier in ultrahigh-frequency (UHF) television transmitter. New device incorporates multistage depressed collector (MSDC) of advanced design to increase efficiency by recovering, from spent electron beam, some of residual kinetic energy otherwise dissipated as heat. Concept applied to increase efficiencies of microwave communication, equipment, radar systems, and particle-beam accelerators.

  15. Television Commercials: Symbols, Myths and Metaphors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feasley, Florence G.

    Television commercials convey to the audience through symbols, metaphors, and myths the feelings and emotions deeply rooted in our culture. While commercials on one level are concerned with a representation of the product or service, they are on another level a symbol of a larger meaning: love, family, romance, motherhood, or hero worship. A can…

  16. The Impact of Religiosity on Television Use.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamilton, Neal F.; Rubin, Alan M.

    Religiosity is a personality attribute that affects social attitudes and behavior. To examine whether religiosity also affects television use, a study administered questionnaires to 346 Christian conservatives, moderates, and liberals in six different churches in northeast Ohio during November and December 1987. The questionnaire measured…

  17. What Does TV Viewing Have to Do with Internet Reading?: Readers, Television "Texts", and Intertextual Links to Companion Websites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Rachel

    2009-01-01

    A growing number of television programs direct their viewers to access an Internet website for further information on a presented topic. The explicit link between television programs and companion Internet websites, both of which communicate information through multiple modes, can be considered a form of intertextuality. Do college students…

  18. Television for Certain Handicapped Children--Phase 1: Improving the Effectiveness of TV Programmes for Certain Handicapped Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, John D.

    The report considers ways of using television for instruction of blind, partially sighted, deaf, and hard of hearing children (5 to 16 years old). The introductory section reviews characteristics associated with the four types of handicapping conditions. The use of videorecorders, captioned programs, and closed circuit television is considered.…

  19. TV as Storyteller: How Exposure to Television Narratives Impacts At-Risk Preschoolers' Story Knowledge and Narrative Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linebarger, Deborah L.; Piotrowski, Jessica Taylor

    2009-01-01

    Educational media serve as informal educators within the home by supplementing young children's development. Substantial evidence documents the contributions of educational television to preschoolers' acquisition of a variety of skills; however, television's natural capacity as storyteller and the role it plays in preschoolers' early literacy…

  20. WPTV News Channel 5 Billionaire businessman sticks with his tv show

    E-print Network

    Belogay, Eugene A.

    WPTV News Channel 5 Billionaire businessman sticks with his tv show Trump says no to 2012 bid are not surprised at the news from Donald Trump Monday. At a New York gathering to talk about the NBC fall lineup he said, "I will not be running for president." The billionaire real estate mogul and prime time tv star

  1. Instructional TV & Audio Resources, 1990-91. ITV Window to the World.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Instructional Technology.

    This catalog of instructional television (ITV) and audio resources includes: (1) an alphabetical listing of available television programs; (2) a resource listing by times and channels for both open circuit and closed circuit networks; (3) an overview of the television curriculum in South Carolina; (4) a listing of district-operated distribution…

  2. The Elderly on Television: Changing Stereotypes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bell, John

    A study examined the visual presentation of characters on five prime time network dramas, popular with the elderly, which star elderly actors. The title sequences of each show ("Murder, She Wrote,""The Golden Girls,""Matlock,""Jake and the Fatman," and "In the Heat of the Night") were analyzed. Results indicated seven significant interrelated…

  3. The future German television broadcasting satellite system

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kaltschmidt, H.

    1980-10-01

    A German television broadcasting satellite, known as TV-Sat, is being developed with direct receiving terminals. WARC 77 has allocated frequency ranges and antenna illumination zones for the system's future use; according to the Haeberle study (1977), the project could be put in operation with the 1982/1983 Ariane launching. A joint German-French WARC-compatible project was undertaken, whereby both countries would build a satellite having three, rather than five, transmitting channels. The satellites are required to have a transmitting uplink band of 17.3-17.7 GHz and a downlink band of 11.7-12.1 GHz; the antenna transmit boresight crosspolar on the German TV-Sat is -40 dB. The TV-Sat is built on a modular concept, consisting of the antenna module, the communication module, the service module, the propulsion module, and two solar generator wings. It is designed with a development potential to allow for five simultaneous transmitting channels.

  4. Association of a Television in the Bedroom With Increased Adiposity Gain in a Nationally Representative Sample of Children and Adolescents

    PubMed Central

    Gilbert-Diamond, Diane; Li, Zhigang; Adachi-Mejia, Anna M.; McClure, Auden C.; Sargent, James D.

    2014-01-01

    IMPORTANCE Obesity affects health in children and adolescents. Television viewing is an established risk factor for obesity in youth. No prospective study has assessed whether a bedroom television confers an additional risk for obesity in youth. OBJECTIVE To assess the prospective association between the presence of a bedroom television and change in body mass index (BMI; calculated as weight in kilograms divided by height in meters squared), independent of television viewing, in a nationally representative sample of US children and adolescents. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS We conducted a random-digit prospective telephone survey that captured children and adolescents from across the United States. Participants included 6522 boys and girls aged 10 to 14 years at baseline who were surveyed via telephone about media risk factors for obesity. Weighted regressions assessed adiposity at 2- and 4-year follow-up, controlling for television and movie viewing, video-game playing, parenting, age, sex, race or ethnicity, household income, and parental educational level. EXPOSURE Report of having a television in the bedroom at baseline. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES Age- and sex-adjusted BMI based on self-report and parent report of weight and height at 2- and 4-year follow-up. RESULTS Distributions for age, sex, race or ethnicity, and socioeconomic status were similar to census estimates for the US population. Sample weighting methods accounted for higher dropout rates among ethnic minorities and those with lower socioeconomic status. Bedroom televisions were reported by 59.1% of participants at baseline, with boys, ethnic minorities, and those of lower socioeconomic status having significantly higher rates. In multivariate analyses, having a bedroom television was associated with an excess BMI of 0.57 (95% CI, 0.31–0.82) and 0.75 (0.38–1.12) at years 2 and 4, respectively, and a BMI gain of 0.24 (0.02–0.45) from years 2 to 4. CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE Having a bedroom television is associated with weight gain beyond the effect of television viewing time. This association could be the result of uncaptured effects of television viewing or of disrupted sleep patterns. With the high prevalence of bedroom televisions, the effect attributable to this risk factor among US children and adolescents is excess weight of 8.7 million kg/y. PMID:24589630

  5. Prime-Time Science: The Beginning of a Beautiful Friendship?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ouellette, Jennifer

    2009-03-01

    The portrayal of science has often posed a challenge to Hollywood. Though it has provided some of the compelling storylines, the many complexities of science (and scientists) have confounded even the most talented writer or director, pitting creative license against scientific accuracy again and again. Likewise, the scientific community has struggled to find a conduit through which it can communicate its story to the general public on a mass scale. To bridge this gap, the National Academy of Sciences has partnered with leading Hollywood professionals to launch The Science and Entertainment Exchange; its mission is to connect entertainment industry professionals with top scientists from across the country to foster creative collaborations. The timing has never been better: there is a plethora of network TV shows currently on the air with science-based themes and plot lines, and a renewed interest -- even with science fiction films and TV -- in coming up with more plausible futuristic scenarios. Working together, the two communities can create a ``win-win'' synergy between accurate science and engaging entertainment.

  6. News Conferences on TV: Ike-Age Politics Revisited

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Craig Allen

    1993-01-01

    Televised presidential news conferences marked an advancement in media history; for the first time, tools of electronic journalism were used in covering them. Yet as early as 1955, when the first TV news conference was held under Dwight Eisenhower, it was also known that these events could benefit a president at least as much as the journalistic community. In opening

  7. The Teaching and Learning of Values Through Television

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samaniego, Concepción Medrano; Pascual, Alejandra Cortés

    2007-01-01

    This study is based on the hypothesis that television contents themselves constitute a source of learning through television narratives. In specific terms, we defend the idea that it is possible to teach and learn values through said narratives. Some of the research dealing with the relationship between television and values is categorized from a three-fold standpoint: the contents themselves, the medium itself and the language. As a result of this review, we maintain that reiterated attacks on television, blaming it for the majority of problems suffered by young people today, are not supported by the studies carried out by psychologists over recent decades. We believe that viewers incorporate the information provided by television from different contexts and that the enculturation is not unidirectional. There is an interrelation between development contexts and messages. We are specifically interested in analyzing the implicit and explicit values underlying television contents. Thus, based on the model developed by Schwartz and Bilsky, we have compiled a questionnaire (Val-TV 0.1) with the aim of classifying values and interpreting the behaviours visualized in television texts, and relating them to adolescents' own values.

  8. UHF viewing and television channel selector type

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brenner, S. R.; Levy, J. D.; Ruppel, F. J.

    1981-02-01

    A statistical analysis of the relationship between UHF viewing and television channel selector type is presented. It is based on a data set that contains information on UHF, VHF, and total viewing on over 3,800 individual television receivers, information on the channel selector on each set, and information on receiver, antenna and household demographic characteristics. The data, were assembled from diaries and follow up telephone interviews. An exhaustive examination of this data set revealed no evidence of a systematic relationship between UHF viewing and channel selector type. In particular, no evidence was found that electronic channel selectors are associated with higher levels of UHF viewing. The report concludes that assertions that channel selectors have a substantial effects on UHF viewing should not be accepted in the absence of empirical evidence demonstrating the existence of a relationship.

  9. Generating Stereoscopic Television Images With One Camera

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coan, Paul P.

    1996-01-01

    Straightforward technique for generating stereoscopic television images involves use of single television camera translated laterally between left- and right-eye positions. Camera acquires one of images (left- or right-eye image), and video signal from image delayed while camera translated to position where it acquires other image. Length of delay chosen so both images displayed simultaneously or as nearly simultaneously as necessary to obtain stereoscopic effect. Technique amenable to zooming in on small areas within broad scenes. Potential applications include three-dimensional viewing of geological features and meteorological events from spacecraft and aircraft, inspection of workpieces moving along conveyor belts, and aiding ground and water search-and-rescue operations. Also used to generate and display imagery for public education and general information, and possible for medical purposes.

  10. Alcohol consumption in television programming in three English-speaking cultures.

    PubMed

    Waxer, P H

    1992-03-01

    Previous research relating television advertising and alcohol consumption indicates no meaningful relationships. This study focused on observed drinking behaviour in comedy, soap opera, drama, and police/detective programmes produced for British, American and Canadian television. Results indicated British television fiction had three times the amount of alcohol consumption seen in either American or Canadian programming. In spite of this more frequent portrayal of alcohol consumption, examination of World Drinking Trends and other alcohol-related statistics (i.e. cirrhosis and alcohol-related auto accidents) indicated no greater level of alcohol misuse in the U.K. than in Canada or the United States. In fact, available statistics indicate significantly lower rates of liver cirrhosis in Britain as opposed to Canada and the United States. Hypotheses regarding the absence of relation between fictional and actual alcohol consumption were discussed. PMID:1524612

  11. DBS pay television: Picture signal scrambling

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Knee, M. J.

    1985-10-01

    Picture signal scrambling methods suitable for a direct broadcast by satellite DBS MAC pay television channel are described. They use a technique known as rotation scrambling, which is shown to meet the likely requirements for picture quality, security against piracy, scrambling effectiveness and cost. The methods have been tested using experimental equipment and the results have led to an agreement within the EBU to incorporate them into the MAC specification.

  12. ATS6 Satellite Instructional Television Experiment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John Miller

    1975-01-01

    The Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) is scheduled for the second year of satellite operation. Applications Technology Satellite (ATS-6) will receive C-band video signals frorn Abmedabad and Delhi, India, and will retransmitt the video and two audio sub-carriers at 860 MHz to 6 clusters of 400 direct-receive stations for a total of 2400 direct-receive stations. Morning programs of 1.5 hours

  13. ATS6 - Satellite Instructional Television Experiment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. E. Miller

    1975-01-01

    The Satellite Instructional Television Experiment (SITE) is scheduled for the second year of satellite operation. Applications Technology Satellite (ATS-6) will receive C-band video signals from Ahmedabad and Delhi, India, and will retransmitt the video and two audio subcarriers at 860 MHz to 6 clusters of 400 direct-receive stations for a total of 2400 direct-receive stations. Morning programs of 1.5 hours

  14. Television Measurement For Railway Structure Gauging

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Edworthy, Mark

    1986-11-01

    An optical triangulation system using television cameras measures lineside structures to ensure adequate clearances for railway rolling stock. The measuring system is mounted on a railway vehicle and uses white light illumination. Operation is possible at speeds of up to 100 km/h which allows complete routes to be measured in a single shift. Results Ire referenced with respect to the railway track and are recorded on digital magnetic tape.

  15. Quality meter and digital television applications

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bretillon, Pierre; Montard, Nathalie; Baina, Jamal; Goudezeune, Gabriel

    2000-05-01

    In today's television competitive environment, quality of service is critical. For network providers, the delivered quality of service is usually a matter of technical signal quality. However, with the current development of digital broadcasting, the quality of service that is provided to the end-user is one of the most important performance criterion. Thus, perceived image and sound quality are important and must be monitored. This paper addresses the issue of video quality monitoring in digital television networks. Many approaches to objective video quality assessment have been proposed and are being evaluated by normalization bodies. In order to build and apply in-service measurement, we propose a global model describing the whole approach and the different technical solution. Our technical solution is a double-ended with reduced reference method. Video quality assessment of digital television signals in a broadcasting network sets strong technical constraints. The reduced reference, a comparative approach, is well adapted since it has a moderate technical complexity and because it informs on any distortion in the network. The proposed method has been implemented and tested in a range of situations on simulated and real DVB networks. Three main applications are presented, network monitoring, DVB-T coverage area determination, and laboratory tests. This allows concluding that in-service measurements are the only valid measurements for end-to-end transmissions.

  16. Personalization of a Peer-to-Peer Television System , Johan Pouwelse1

    E-print Network

    , a personalized P2P television system. #12;2. P2P TV Personalization The architecture of the Tribler systemPersonalization of a Peer-to-Peer Television System Jun Wang1 , Johan Pouwelse1 , Jenneke Fokker2-to-peer (P2P) television system. Personalization allows users to browse programs much more efficiently

  17. The mixed strategy Nash equilibrium of the television news scheduling game

    E-print Network

    Nesterov, Yurii

    constraints.These authors consider the problem of scheduling evening television newcasts : two TV2007/70 The mixed strategy Nash equilibrium of the television news scheduling game Jean Gabszewicz of the television news scheduling game Jean GABSZEWICZ1, Didier LAUSSEL2 and Michel LE BRETON3 September 2007

  18. A Strategy for Designing Instruction for Educational Television in Developing Nations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1987-01-01

    The paper proposes a strategy for the design and development of instructional programmes for educational television that is suitable for developing nations. Programme designers are cautioned against presenting too many or too complex materials in a short period of time. To encourage listening and comprehension, only one idea or point should be presented at a time and, in any given

  19. 2BeOn - Interactive television supporting interpersonal communication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jorge Abreu; Pedro Almeida; Vasco Branco

    Interpersonal communication mediated by computer services sup- ports the reinforcement and emergence of new communities brought together by leisure or work interests. This paper presents a workbench system that aims to study how the same principle can be applied in interactive television. The main objective is to allow TV users to be online (2BeOn) through the integra- tion of basic

  20. Cancer Incidence near Radio and Television Transmitters in Great Britain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helen Dolk; Paul Elliott; Gavin Shaddick; Peter Walls; Bharat Thakrar

    1997-01-01

    A small area study of cancer incidence, 1974-1986, near 20 high power television (TV) and frequency modulation (FM) radio transmitters in Great Britain was carried out to place in context the findings of an earlier study around the Sutton Coldfield transmitter. The national database of postcoded cancer registrations was used with population and socioeconomic data from the 1981 census. Cancers

  1. Instructional Television Transmission System for the Genesee Valley Area.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown Associates, Rochester, NY.

    In the entire Genessee Valley area of New York, only two channels are available to educators. Therefore, a study was made of the feasibility of constructing a multi-channel system for the transmission of television and data signals to schools in the area. Field strength measurements were taken of the local educational broadcast signal WXXI-TV to…

  2. Evaluation of Virtual Keyboards for Interactive Digital Television Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan Perrinet; Xabiel G. Pańeda; Sergio Cabrero; David Melendi; Roberto García; Víctor García

    2011-01-01

    The development of the technologies behind Interactive Digital Television (IDTV) services has produced a new type of audience. Traditional viewers now become users as they may play an active role in front of the TV, for example, by choosing a video to be played on demand or by introducing text on an IDTV application. In these services, interactions need to

  3. Characteristics of Research on Sex-Role Stereotyping and Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hongcharu, Boonchai

    A review of 19 studies in 17 articles on sex-role stereotyping and television has revealed some common characteristics. Three types of research can be classified: content, effect, and correlation. Content analysis was the most popular. Even though various types of TV programs were studied, each research study investigated only one type of program…

  4. Student attitudes toward closed-circuit instructional television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard M. Bobren; Sheldon L. Siegel

    1960-01-01

    Summary  The objectives of this study were to examine (1) the relative effectiveness of closed-circuit television for classroom teaching\\u000a compared to conventional teaching and (2) the acceptability of closed-circuit television teaching to the students. A course\\u000a was offered both by closed-circuit television and by conventional teaching. Students within each group were asked to rate\\u000a the course and other related concepts. In

  5. Ongoing Lawsuit Pits University Mascot Versus Italian Television Character

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    If pressed, most people would have a difficult time drawing immediate connections between the caves and pleasant surroundings of south-central Kentucky and the sometimes chaotic world of Italian television. As of late, there is now a rather compelling connection between the two in the form of the Western Kentucky University mascot, Big Red, and a popular Italian television character, Gabibbo. The two creatures appear to bear more than a passing resemblance to each other, and the lawyers for Western Kentucky University (and the company that controls the Big Red trademark) have travelled to Italy to file suit against Mediaset, the Italian television company that produces the satirical television show "Striscia la Notizia" (which translates roughly as Stretching the News) on which Gabibbo has appeared since 1990. There is potentially quite a bit of money at stake, as Gabibbo has been a famous television character in Italy for more than a decade, and has had several chart-topping musical releases. In yet another strange turn of events for the case, this week Mediaset announced that it plans to countersue Steve Crossland (the head of the company that handles the Big Red trademark for Western Kentucky University) for defamation. Western Kentucky University may also have some potentially valuable evidence based on an interview given by Gabibbo's creator, Antonio Ricci, to the Italian magazine Novella 2000 in February 1991. In the interview Ricci noted that the idea for the lovable red giant "...began with a photo, just as happens with real adoptions. There was this mascot, his name was Big Red, who was the mascot of a basketball team in America. The team is Western Kentucky University." Regardless of this fact, it may be some time before the case is heard in Italian court, as a decision was made this Thursday to delay a preliminary hearing for one month.The first link leads to a fine piece from the New York Times business section that gives some background to the context about this ongoing trademark legal battle. The second link will take visitors to a news item from the Bowling Green (Kentucky) Daily News that talks about the journey of Big Red (and his legal team) to Rome this past week. The third link will lead visitors to an article from Newsday that describes the countersuit filed by Mediaset against the legal representatives of Western Kentucky University. The fourth link will take visitors to the Big Red webpage offered by Western Kentucky University that talks about this furry creature's numerous accolades, including standout performances in the Battle of the Mascots contests sponsored by ESPN. The fifth link will take visitors to the webpage of the tuxedo shirt-clad Gabibbo, which includes links to his songs (under the link Le canzoni). Here visitors can listen to some of his well-known numbers, including such favorites as Sirenone and Formaggi Selvaggi. After reading about the fractious world of mascots, many readers will appreciate the final link, which leads to MascotNet. At the site (devoted to the extensive world of mascots and mascot management), visitors can learn about how to become a mascot, share information about helpful props for performances at community events and arenas, and helpful techniques for working with children and motivating a crowd.

  6. 78 FR 15807 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Television Sets

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-12

    ...429 and 430 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Television Sets; Proposed...1904-AC29 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedures for Television Sets AGENCY...rulemaking (NOPR) in which DOE proposed a new test procedure for television sets...

  7. 77 FR 2829 - Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure for Television Sets

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-19

    ...Part 430 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure for Television Sets; Proposed...1904-AC29 Energy Conservation Program: Test Procedure for Television Sets AGENCY...Energy (DOE) proposes to establish a new test procedure for television sets...

  8. 47 CFR 1.1155 - Schedule of regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services. 1.1155 Section 1.1155...regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services. Fee amount Address 1. Cable Television Relay Service $605 FCC,...

  9. 47 CFR 1.1155 - Schedule of regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services. 1.1155 Section 1.1155...regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services. Fee amount Address 1. Cable Television Relay Service $475 FCC,...

  10. 47 CFR 1.1155 - Schedule of regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services. 1.1155 Section 1.1155...regulatory fees and filing locations for cable television services. Fee amount Address 1. Cable Television Relay Service $510 FCC,...

  11. 21 CFR 886.5820 - Closed-circuit television reading system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... false Closed-circuit television reading system. 886.5820 Section 886...5820 Closed-circuit television reading system. (a) Identification. A closed-circuit television reading system is a device that...

  12. 21 CFR 886.5820 - Closed-circuit television reading system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... false Closed-circuit television reading system. 886.5820 Section 886...5820 Closed-circuit television reading system. (a) Identification. A closed-circuit television reading system is a device that...

  13. 21 CFR 886.5820 - Closed-circuit television reading system.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... false Closed-circuit television reading system. 886.5820 Section 886...5820 Closed-circuit television reading system. (a) Identification. A closed-circuit television reading system is a device that...

  14. 40 CFR 426.110 - Applicability; description of the television picture tube envelope manufacturing subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Applicability; description of the television picture tube envelope manufacturing subcategory...MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Television Picture Tube Envelope Manufacturing Subcategory...Applicability; description of the television picture tube envelope manufacturing...

  15. 40 CFR 426.110 - Applicability; description of the television picture tube envelope manufacturing subcategory.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Applicability; description of the television picture tube envelope manufacturing subcategory...MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Television Picture Tube Envelope Manufacturing Subcategory...Applicability; description of the television picture tube envelope manufacturing...

  16. Occupational Portrayal of Men and Women on the Most Frequently Mentioned Television Shows of Preschool Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shechtman, Stephen A.

    The purpose of this study was to assess the distribution of male vs. female occupational portrayals in terms of occupational prestige on the six television shows most frequently mentioned by preschool children. The following shows were viewed and analyzed six times: Sesame Street, Bugs Bunny, Roadrunner, Batman, Flintstones, and Happy Days.…

  17. Development of a radio and television receiver with function to assist hearing of elderly people

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Atsushi IMAI; Tohru TAKAGI; Hiroyuki TAKEISHI

    2005-01-01

    Elderly people often find that the speech of contemporary broadcasts is too fast for comfortable listening. We have developed a new radio and television receiver that enables users to reduce the speed of speech delivery while maintaining the voice pitch and quality, without overrunning the entire program time slot. Practical assessments by ordinary elderly people have confirmed its effectiveness for

  18. Development of radio and television receiver with functions to assist hearing of elderly people

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Atsushi Imai; Tohru Takagi; Hiroyuki Takeishi

    2005-01-01

    Elderly people often find that the speech of contemporary broadcasts is too fast for comfortable listening. We have developed a new radio and television receiver that enables users to reduce the speed of speech delivery while maintaining the voice pitch and quality, without overrunning the entire program time slot. Practical assessments by elderly people have confirmed its effectiveness for hearing

  19. Gender Stereotyping in Children's Reports About Educational and Informational Television Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sandra L. Calvert; Jennifer A. Kotler; Sean M. Zehnder; Erin M. Shockey

    2003-01-01

    Children in the 2nd through 6th grade wrote reports about their favorite educa- tional and informational television programs, and the reports were examined for the presence of gender stereotypes. Children's written reports contained more male than female characters, more male than female pronouns, and more masculine than feminine behaviors. Effects were most pronounced for boys. Over time, preadoles- cent girls

  20. Bridging the Gap: Teaching a Basic Public Speaking Course over Satellite Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denman, William N.

    A study examined a pilot program, begun by the State of West Virginia, offering fully accredited first and second year core college courses via satellite television to state residents who either had not attended college or who had "stopped out" of academic studies for a period of time. The study explored a course based on CMM 103, Fundamentals of…