Sample records for prime time television

  1. Tobacco imagery on prime time UK television

    PubMed Central

    Lyons, Ailsa; McNeill, Ann; Britton, John

    2014-01-01

    Background Smoking in films is a common and well documented cause of youth smoking experimentation and uptake and hence a significant health hazard. The extent of exposure of young people to tobacco imagery in television programming has to date been far less investigated. We have therefore measured the extent to which tobacco content occurs in prime time UK television, and estimated exposure of UK youth. Methods The occurrence of tobacco, categorised as actual tobacco use, implied tobacco use, tobacco paraphernalia, other reference to tobacco, tobacco brand appearances or any of these, occurring in all prime time broadcasting on the five most popularly viewed UK television stations during 3 separate weeks in 2010 were measured by 1-minute interval coding. Youth exposure to tobacco content in the UK was estimated using media viewing figures. Findings Actual tobacco use, predominantly cigarette smoking, occurred in 73 of 613 (12%) programmes, particularly in feature films and reality TV. Brand appearances were rare, occurring in only 18 programmes, of which 12 were news or other factual genres, and 6 were episodes of the same British soap opera. Tobacco occurred with similar frequency before as after 21:00, the UK watershed for programmes suitable for youth. The estimated number of incidences of exposure of the audience aged less than 18?years for any tobacco, actual tobacco use and tobacco branding were 59 million, 16 million and 3 million, respectively on average per week. Conclusions Television programming is a source of significant exposure of youth to tobacco imagery, before and after the watershed. Tobacco branding is particularly common in Coronation Street, a soap opera popular among youth audiences. More stringent controls on tobacco in prime time television therefore have the potential to reduce the uptake of youth smoking in the UK. PMID:23479113

  2. Science as fiction: Technology in prime time television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jane Banks; Jonathan David Tankel

    1990-01-01

    Science fiction programs created for prime time television present images of future society and the relationship between technological and social progress. This article argues that television convention mitigates against depictions of technology as socially destructive. It also argues that the presentation of science as television fiction is a conservative act. In this way, television reinforces the socially constructed technological imperative

  3. On learning science and pseudoscience from prime-time television programming

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Whittle, Christopher Henry

    The purpose of the present dissertation is to determine whether the viewing of two particular prime-time television programs, ER and The X-Files, increases viewer knowledge of science and to identify factors that may influence learning from entertainment television programming. Viewer knowledge of scientific dialogue from two science-based prime-time television programs, ER, a serial drama in a hospital emergency room and The X-Files, a drama about two Federal Bureau of Investigation agents who pursue alleged extraterrestrial life and paranormal activity, is studied. Level of viewing, education level, science education level, experiential factors, level of parasocial interaction, and demographic characteristics are assessed as independent variables affecting learning from entertainment television viewing. The present research involved a nine-month long content analysis of target television program dialogue and data collection from an Internet-based survey questionnaire posted to target program-specific on-line "chat" groups. The present study demonstrated that entertainment television program viewers incidentally learn science from entertainment television program dialogue. The more they watch, the more they learn. Viewing a pseudoscientific fictional television program does necessarily influence viewer beliefs in pseudoscience. Higher levels of formal science study are reflected in more science learning and less learning of pseudoscience from entertainment television program viewing. Pseudoscience learning from entertainment television programming is significantly related to experience with paranormal phenomena, higher levels of viewer parasocial interaction, and specifically, higher levels of cognitive parasocial interaction. In summary, the greater a viewer's understanding of science the more they learn when they watch their favorite science-based prime-time television programs. Viewers of pseudoscience-based prime-time television programming with higher levels of paranormal experiences and parasocial interaction demonstrate cognitive interest in and learning of their favorite television program characters ideas and beliefs. What television viewers learn from television is related to what they bring to the viewing experience. Television viewers are always learning, even when their intentions are to simply relax and watch the tube.

  4. Older Adults in Prime-Time Television Dramas in Taiwan: Prevalence, Portrayal, and Communication Interaction

    E-print Network

    Lien, Shu-Chin; Zhang, Yan Bing; Hummert, Mary Lee

    2009-09-01

    A content and thematic analysis of 109 episodes (94.9 hours) of prime-time dramas examined the portrayals of aging and the nature of intergenerational interaction involving older adults on Taiwanese television. The content analysis revealed...

  5. Health and Nutrient Content Claims in Food Advertisements on Hispanic and Mainstream Prime-Time Television

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abbatangelo-Gray, Jodie; Byrd-Bredbenner, Carol; Austin, S. Bryn

    2008-01-01

    Objective: Characterize frequency and type of health and nutrient content claims in prime-time weeknight Spanish- and English-language television advertisements from programs shown in 2003 with a high viewership by women aged 18 to 35 years. Design: Comparative content analysis design was used to analyze 95 hours of Spanish-language and 72 hours…

  6. Talking about sex: Common themes about sexuality in the prime-time television programs children and adolescents view most

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Monique Ward

    1995-01-01

    Although concern is often raised about television's role as a “teacher” about sexuality, little is known about the specific content of sexual messages on the programs children and adolescents view most. To explore this issue, a content analysis was conducted of the twelve prime-time television programs most preferred by children and adolescents. For three episodes of each program, all interactions

  7. Constructing Gender Stereotypes Through Social Roles in Prime-Time Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martha M. Lauzen; David M. Dozier; Nora Horan

    2008-01-01

    Using a sample of 124 prime-time television programs airing on the 6 broadcast networks during the 2005–06 season, this study examined the social roles enacted by female and male characters. The findings confirm that female characters continue to inhabit interpersonal roles involved with romance, family, and friends. In contrast, male characters are more likely to enact work-related roles. Moreover, programs

  8. Channeling Children: Sex Stereotyping in Prime-Time TV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miles, Betty

    The portrayal of male and female roles on prime-time television programs was investigated. Sixteen programs were observed, and data on the number and occupation of female and male characters, on positive and negative behaviors, including competence and aggression, were recorded. Plot summaries were also written for typical episodes. Research on…

  9. The prime time diet: a content analysis of eating behavior and food messages in television program content and commercials.

    PubMed Central

    Story, M; Faulkner, P

    1990-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze messages related to food and eating behavior as presented on prime time television (8:00-11:00 pm) both in programming and commercials. Food references occurred an average of 4.8 times per 30 minutes of programming time. Over half (60 percent) of all food references in programs were for low nutrient beverages and sweets. The prime time diet is inconsistent with dietary guidelines for healthy Americans. PMID:2343968

  10. Class and Gender in Prime-Time Television Entertainment: Observations from a Socialist Feminist Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steeves, H. Leslie; Smith, Marilyn Crafton

    1987-01-01

    Assesses representations of women in television entertainment programs from a socialist feminist perspective. Elaborates on socialist feminist theory, presents concepts for an analysis of both class and gender oppression, and argues that most socialist feminist cultural studies do not address these categories adequately. Uses these concepts to…

  11. Talking a “Blue” Streak: Context and Offensive Language in Prime Time Network Television Programs

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara K. Kaye; Barry S. Sapolsky

    2004-01-01

    This study examined the context of offensive language heard in prime-time programs aired on seven broadcast networks in 2001. Offensive words occurred more in the 9–10 p.m. hour. Situation comedies contained more instances of objectionable words than other program genres, but offensive language was more likely to be heard in a non-humorous setting. Most objectionable words were directed at another

  12. Prime-Time Health: An Analysis of Health Content In Television Commercials Broadcast During Programs Viewed Heavily by Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carol Byrd-Bredbenner; Darlene Grasso

    For Americans of all ages, television is the primary source of health information. A major concern is the inadequate, inaccurate, and\\/or questionable content of messages embedded in television programs and commercials. To facilitate our work as health educators, an up-to-date description of the health-related content (HRC) shown on television is needed. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify,

  13. "That's not a beer bong, it's a breast pump!" representations of breastfeeding in prime-time fictional television.

    PubMed

    Foss, Katherine A

    2013-01-01

    Breastfeeding has been recognized as one of the key determinant in one's future health. Yet although most people are aware of the benefits, many women do not breastfeed their babies past the first few months. These low rates can be partially explained by negative cultural attitudes toward breastfeeding, which have been reinforced by media messages. This research explored representations of breastfeeding in entertainment media-an area that has been overlooked. A textual analysis was conducted on 53 fictional television breastfeeding representations, ranging in genre and audience, from Beavis and Butthead to Criminal Minds. Findings indicate that breastfeeding depictions are generally positive, but limited in scope to educated, older, Caucasian women breastfeeding newborns, with little discussion about how to overcome problems. Extended breastfeeding and nursing in public were conveyed as socially unacceptable, making other characters uncomfortable, often within the same storylines that sexualized breasts. While the frequency of representations in recent years was encouraging, the narrow definition of the "normal" nursing experience excluded many types of women and breastfeeding experiences. And, by failing to address breastfeeding challenges and conveying that extended breastfeeding or nursing in public is abnormal or obscene, these depictions reinforce myths about the ease of breastfeeding and may discourage women from breastfeeding past the newborn phase, and outside the privacy of their homes. These portrayals may help explain why breastfeeding has not been "normalized," despite an international consensus that it is the best health choice for babies. PMID:22746199

  14. Priming Effects of Television Food Advertising on Eating Behavior

    PubMed Central

    Harris, Jennifer L.; Bargh, John A.; Brownell, Kelly D.

    2009-01-01

    Objective Health advocates have focused on the prevalence of advertising for calorie-dense low-nutrient foods as a significant contributor to the obesity epidemic. This research tests the hypothesis that exposure to food advertising during television viewing may also contribute to obesity by triggering automatic snacking of available food. Design In Experiments 1a and 1b, elementary-school-aged children watched a cartoon that contained either food advertising or advertising for other products and received a snack while watching. In Experiment 2, adults watched a television program that included food advertising that promoted snacking and/or fun product benefits, food advertising that promoted nutrition benefits or no food advertising. The adults then tasted and evaluated a range of healthy to unhealthy snack foods in an apparently separate experiment. Main Outcome Measures Amount of snack foods consumed during and after advertising exposure. Results Children consumed 45% more when exposed to food advertising. Adults consumed more of both healthy and unhealthy snack foods following exposure to snack food advertising compared to the other conditions. In both experiments, food advertising increased consumption of products not in the presented advertisements, and these effects were not related to reported hunger or other conscious influences. Conclusion These experiments demonstrate the power of food advertising to prime automatic eating behaviors and thus influence far more than brand preference alone. PMID:19594263

  15. Removing the Bedroom Television Set: A Possible Method for Decreasing Television Viewing Time in Overweight and Obese Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Katherine E.; Otten, Jennifer J.; Johnson, Rachel K.; Harvey-Berino, Jean R.

    2010-01-01

    U.S. adults watch television (TV) for an average of 5 hours per day, an amount associated with increased obesity risk. Studies in children have found bedroom TV sets, which result in greater time spent by watching TV and shorter sleep durations, both of which increase a child's odds of becoming overweight. The authors examined associations between…

  16. Reading on Television?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dewalt, Mark W.; And Others

    The portrayal of reading, writing, and other selected behaviors on prime-time network television was examined in this two-part study. First, an interest inventory was administered to a sample of 301 elementary students (i.e., grades 1-5) in South Carolina, Virginia, and Pennsylvania to determine their favorite television shows, books, and school…

  17. Priming Effects of Television Food Advertising on Eating Behavior Jennifer L. Harris, John A. Bargh, and Kelly D. Brownell

    E-print Network

    Bargh, John A.

    Priming Effects of Television Food Advertising on Eating Behavior Jennifer L. Harris, John A. Bargh of advertising for calorie-dense low-nutrient foods as a significant contributor to the obesity epidemic. This research tests the hypothesis that exposure to food advertising during TV viewing may also contribute

  18. Intertextuality and Television Discourse: The Max Headroom Story.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Braddlee

    Max Headroom, the computer-generated media personality, presents a good opportunity for an investigation of the degree of intertextuality in television. Max combines narrative genres (science fiction and film noir), television program types (prime-time episodic narrative, made-for-TV movie, talkshows), advertising and programming, and electronic…

  19. The Role of Television Access in the Viewing Time of US Adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amy Jordan; Amy Bleakley; Jennifer Manganello; Michael Hennessy; Robin Steven; Martin Fishbein

    2010-01-01

    We identify the adolescent and family factors that shape the time adolescents spend viewing television. Adolescent traits, family\\/household characteristics, television access, and TV viewing time were assessed by self-report using a web-based survey conducted with a sample of 457 14- to 16-year-old adolescents in a Northeastern US city. Bivariate analyses indicated that the number of televisions in the home, having

  20. Priming Effects of Television Food Advertising on Eating Behavior

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer L. Harris; John A. Bargh; Kelly D. Brownell

    2009-01-01

    Objective: Health advocates have focused on the prevalence of advertising for calorie-dense low-nutrient foods as a significant contributor to the obesity epidemic. This research tests the hypothesis that exposure to food advertising during TV viewing may also contribute to obesity by triggering automatic snacking of available food. Design: In Experiments 1a and 1b, elementary-school-age children watched a cartoon that contained

  1. Talk about TV: Television viewers’ interpersonal communication about programming

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wendy Geiger; Jon Bruning; Jake Harwood

    2001-01-01

    This research examined the ways in which television viewers talk about programming. Survey results showed that individuals talked more about news and prime?time television programs than other types of programs. Older adults were more likely to discuss highbrow (e.g., PBS) and news programs, whereas younger adults were more likely to discuss niche programming (i.e., soap operas, animation, science fiction). Criticism

  2. Television and Growing Up: The Medium Gets Equal Time.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huston-Stein, Aletha

    This paper presents a review of research on television viewing and child behavior. The first section of the paper presents a brief historical review of television research. This review includes research on the effect of television on people's lives, the effects of violent content on aggressive behavior and the possible harmful effects of…

  3. Television Viewing Time and Measured Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Adult Women.

    PubMed

    Tucker, Larry A; Arens, Peter J; Lecheminant, James D; Bailey, Bruce W

    2014-05-12

    Abstract Purpose . This study assessed the relationship between television viewing time and measured cardiorespiratory fitness and the influence of various potential confounders. Design . Cross-sectional. Setting . Intermountain West. Subjects . The sample was composed of 302 nonsmoking women aged 40.2 ± 3.0 years, with ?90% Caucasian and 82% married. Measures . TV viewing was assessed by using a questionnaire, and cardiorespiratory fitness was measured by using a graded, maximum treadmill test. Physical activity (PA) was evaluated by using accelerometers for 7 days, and body fat percentage (BF%) was measured by using the Bod Pod. Analysis . Analysis of variance and partial correlation. Results . VO2max of Frequent (?3 h/d) TV viewers (32.6 ± 6.4 mL/kg/min) was significantly lower than that of both Moderate (1-2 h/d) (36.2 ± 7.2 mL/kg/min) or Infrequent (<1 h/d) (36.5 ± 6.5 mL/kg/min) viewers (F = 8.0, p = .0004). The Infrequent and Moderate groups did not differ in VO2max. Age, education, body mass index, and season of assessment had no influence on the relationship when controlled statistically. Adjusting for PA (F = 4.2, p = .0157) and BF% (F = 5.0, p = .0071) weakened the relationship by 59% and 58%, respectively, but the relationships remained significant. After controlling for both PA and BF% simultaneously (F = 2.9, p = .0572), the relationship was weakened by 81% and was only borderline significant. Conclusion . Female Frequent TV viewers have significantly lower cardiorespiratory fitness levels than Moderate or Infrequent viewers. This association appears to be largely a function of differences in levels of PA and BF%. PMID:24819994

  4. Too Much Tube Time? Television Viewing and Childhood Obesity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cardinal, Tiffany M.; Lumeng, Julie C.

    2007-01-01

    The rates of overweight in infancy and childhood are rapidly growing. One contributor to the rising tide of childhood obesity, and a target included in many obesity prevention and intervention programs, is television (TV) use. This article examines the amount of media to which young children are exposed, and considers the evidence for the…

  5. Television Time among Brazilian Adolescents: Correlated Factors are Different between Boys and Girls

    PubMed Central

    Tremblay, Mark Stephen; Gonçalves, Eliane Cristina de Andrade; Silva, Roberto Jerônimo dos Santos

    2014-01-01

    Objective. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of excess television time and verify correlated factors in adolescent males and females. Methods. This cross-sectional study included 2,105 adolescents aged from 13 to 18 years from the city of Aracaju, Northeastern Brazil. Television time was self-reported, corresponding to the time spent watching television in a typical week. Several correlates were examined including age, skin color, socioeconomic status, parent education, physical activity level, consumption of fruits and vegetables, smoking status, alcohol use, and sports team participation. Results. The prevalence excess television time (?2 hours/day) in girls and boys was 70.9% and 66.2%, respectively. Girls with low socioeconomic status or inadequate consumption of fruits and vegetables were more likely to have excess television time. Among boys, those >16 years of age or with black skin color were more likely to have excess television time. Conclusions. Excess television time was observed in more than two-thirds of adolescents, being more evident in girls. Correlated factors differed according to sex. Efforts to reduce television time among Brazilian adolescents, and replace with more active pursuits, may yield desirable public health benefits. PMID:24723826

  6. SUNFLOWER BROADCASTING, INC. Sunflower Broadcasting, Inc. is currently accepting applications for a full-time Television

    E-print Network

    Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

    for a full-time Television Account Executive for television sales. Must have a background in advertising, broadcasting sales, or sales with related experience. Must have computer skills, including Excel, Word, & Power: College diploma Experience: Minimum of two years in direct outside sales Computer skills including, Excel

  7. Values in Prime Time Alcoholic Beverage Commercials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frazer, Charles F.

    Content analysis was used to study the values evident in televised beer and wine commercials. Seventy-seven prime time commercials, 7.6% of a week's total, were analyzed along value dimensions adapted from Gallup's measure of popular social values. The intensity of each value was coded on a five-point scale. None of the commercials in the beer and…

  8. Avoiding Television Advertising: Some Explanations from Time Allocation Theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOS I. ROJAS-M NDEZ; GARY DAVIES

    2005-01-01

    Time allocation theory holds that individuals allocate their discretionary time purposively, depending upon their time orientation: to the past, present, or future. We use this perspective to understand more about why individuals avoid watching TV advertisements. We test a model of avoidance where time orientation influences attitude to advertising and avoidance with survey data from two different societies. Past-oriented people

  9. The compatibility of LCD TVs with time-sequential stereoscopic 3D visualization

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Woods, Andrew J.; Sehic, Adin

    2009-02-01

    Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD) are now a popular display technology for consumer television applications. Our previous research has shown that conventional LCD computer monitors are not well suited to time-sequential stereoscopic visualization due to the scanning image update method, the hold-type operation of LCDs, and in some cases slow pixel response rate. Recently some new technologies are being used in LCD TVs to improve 2D motion reproduction - such as black frame insertion and 100/120Hz capability. This paper reports on the testing of a selection of recent LCD TVs to investigate their compatibility with the time-sequential stereoscopic display method - particularly investigating new display technologies. Aspects considered in this investigation include image update method, pixel response rate, maximum input frame rate, backlight operation, frame rate up-conversion technique, synchronization, etc. A more advanced Matlab program was also developed as part of this study to simulate and characterize 3D compatibility and calculate the crosstalk present on each display. The results of the project show that black frame insertion does improve 3D compatibility of LCDs but not to a sufficient level to produce good 3D results. Unfortunately 100/120Hz operation of the tested LCD did not improve 3D compatibility compared to the LCD monitors tested previously.

  10. Television viewing time and risk of incident diabetes mellitus: the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

    PubMed Central

    Smith, L; Hamer, M

    2014-01-01

    Aim To investigate the longitudinal association between television viewing time and risk of incident diabetes mellitus in an elderly sample of adults in England. Methods Analyses of data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. At baseline (2008), participants reported their television viewing time and physical activity level. Diabetes mellitus was recorded from self-reported physician diagnosis at 2-year follow-up. Associations between television viewing time and combined television viewing time and physical activity level with risk of incident diabetes mellitus at follow-up were examined using adjusted logistic regression models. Results A total of 5964 participants (mean ± sd age 65 ± 9 years at baseline, 44% male) were included in the analyses. There was an association between baseline television viewing time and risk of incident diabetes mellitus at 2-year follow-up (? 6 h/day compared with <2 h/day; odds ratio 4.27, 95% CI 1.69, 10.77), although the association was attenuated to the null in final adjusted models that included BMI. Participants who were inactive/had high television viewing time at baseline were almost twice as likely to have diabetes mellitus at 2-year follow-up than those who were active/had low television viewing time (fully adjusted odds ratio 1.94, 95% CI 1.02, 3.68), although active participants reporting high television viewing were not at risk. Conclusion Interventions to reduce the incidence of diabetes in the elderly that focus on both increasing physical activity and reducing television viewing time might prove useful. PMID:24975987

  11. Time spent watching television, sleep duration and obesity in adults living in Valencia, Spain

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J Vioque; A Torres; J Quiles

    2000-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association of time watching television (TV) and physical activity with obesity in the Mediterranean area of Spain with the highest prevalence of obesity.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.SETTING: Valencia Region in Spain.PARTICIPANTS: A representative sample of 814 men and 958 women, aged 15 y and older, participating in a Health and Nutrition Survey conducted in 1994.MEASUREMENTS: Height and weight

  12. An Analysis of Television Family Nutrition and Eating Habits.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larson, Mary S.

    To describe the eating habits of the children and adults on several popular prime time television series, this study examined the latent content of television messages concerned with health care and nutrition. A sample of nine episodes of "The Cosby Show,""Growing Pains" and "Family Ties," during the 1986-87 season was studied. Each program was…

  13. Nielsen Television '73; A Look at the Medium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nielsen (A.C.) Co., Chicago, IL.

    The latest (1973) edition of Nielsen Television presents data on the television audience. Major findings are graphically summarized and data are presented for: number of stations receivable by household; households equipped with TV sets; United States TV households with color television; total United States households using television by time of…

  14. Gender Stereotypes in Spanish Television Commercials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Federico Valls-Fernández; José Manuel Martínez-Vicente

    2007-01-01

    The objective of the present study was an analysis of gender stereotypes in television advertisements in Spain. For this purpose\\u000a the content analysis method was used to analyze 400 advertisements broadcast during prime time over the three national television\\u000a channels with the largest audience. A series of variables common to similar investigations were coded in order to allow comparisons\\u000a with

  15. Television Viewing Time in Hong Kong Adult Population: Associations with Body Mass Index and Obesity

    PubMed Central

    Xie, Yao Jie; Stewart, Sunita M.; Lam, Tai Hing; Viswanath, Kasisomayajula; Chan, Sophia S.

    2014-01-01

    Background Obesity is increasing dramatically in the Asia-Pacific region particularly China. The population of Hong Kong was exposed to modernization far earlier than the rest of China, reflecting conditions that are likely to be replicated as other Chinese cities undergo rapid change. This study examined the relationship between television viewing and obesity in a Hong Kong sample. Information about the relationship between a key sedentary behavior, TV viewing, and obesity, and its moderation by demographic characteristics may identify sectors of the population at highest risk for excess weight. Methods Data were from Hong Kong Family and Health Information Trends Survey (2009–2010), a population-based survey on the public's use of media for health information and family communication by telephone interviews with 3,016 Hong Kong adults (age?18 years). TV viewing time, body mass index (BMI), physical activity and other lifestyle variables were analyzed. Results Viewing time was longer in women, increased with age but decreased with education level and vigorous physical activity (all P<0.01). Longer TV viewing time was significantly associated with higher BMI (Coefficients B?=?0.17, 95% CI: 0.11, 0.24) after adjusting for age, gender, employment status, marital status, education level, smoking activity and vigorous physical activity. This association was stronger in women than men (Coefficients B: 0.19 versus 0.15) and strongest in those aged 18 to 34 years (Coefficients B?=?0.35). Furthermore, an hour increase in daily TV viewing was associated with 10% greater odds of being obese. Conclusions A significant socioeconomic gradient in television viewing time was observed. TV viewing time positively associated with BMI and obesity. The TV viewing – BMI associations were strongest in women and young adults, suggesting vulnerable groups to target for obesity prevention by decreasing TV viewing. PMID:24427309

  16. Violence and Sex in Music Videos: TV and Rock n' Roll.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sherman, Barry L.; Dominick, Joseph R.

    1986-01-01

    Describes a study measuring the amount and kind of violence and sex presented in prime time music videos during a seven-week period. Compares sex and violence on music television to known data on conventional TV. (MS)

  17. Naturally Occurring Changes in Time Spent Watching Television Are Inversely Related to Frequency of Physical Activity during Early Adolescence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Motl, Robert W.; McAuley, Edward; Birnbaum, Amanda S.; Lytle, Leslie A.

    2006-01-01

    In this longitudinal study, we examined the relationship between changes in time spent watching television and playing video games with frequency of leisure-time physical activity across a 2-year period among adolescent boys and girls (N=4594). Latent growth modelling indicated that a decrease in time spent watching television was associated with…

  18. TV Links Film and Television Website Archive

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    TV Links Film and Television Website Archive is a site that points to almost anything you can think of relating to film and television. Categories include television shows, motion picture production companies, screen and video professional organizations, awards (Oscar, Emmy, and Tony), world TV schedules, 30 TV networks, Usenet newsgroups, and film festivals, among others. This is a definitive site for the definitive couch potato.

  19. Political Implications of Prime-Time Drama and Sitcom Use: Genres of Representation and Opinions Concerning Women's Rights

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Lance Holbert; Dhavan V. Shah; Nojin Kwak

    2003-01-01

    Scholars studying the content of televised entertainment programming have long argued for a relationship between exposure to sexist media representations of women and opinions concerning women's status in society, yet research has rarely exam- ined prime-time television audiences and their sociopolitical opinions concerning women's rights. To explore these relationships, we engaged in a secondary analysis of the 1997, 1998, and

  20. Television Viewing, Computer Use, Time Driving and All?Cause Mortality: The SUN Cohort

    PubMed Central

    Basterra?Gortari, Francisco Javier; Bes?Rastrollo, Maira; Gea, Alfredo; Núńez?Córdoba, Jorge María; Toledo, Estefanía; Martínez?González, Miguel Ángel

    2014-01-01

    Background Sedentary behaviors have been directly associated with all?cause mortality. However, little is known about different types of sedentary behaviors in relation to overall mortality. Our objective was to assess the association between different sedentary behaviors and all?cause mortality. Methods and Results In this prospective, dynamic cohort study (the SUN Project) 13 284 Spanish university graduates with a mean age of 37 years were followed?up for a median of 8.2 years. Television, computer, and driving time were assessed at baseline. Poisson regression models were fitted to examine the association between each sedentary behavior and total mortality. All?cause mortality incidence rate ratios (IRRs) per 2 hours per day were 1.40 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.06 to 1.84) for television viewing, 0.96 (95% CI: 0.79 to 1.18) for computer use, and 1.14 (95% CI: 0.90 to 1.44) for driving, after adjustment for age, sex, smoking status, total energy intake, Mediterranean diet adherence, body mass index, and physical activity. The risk of mortality was twofold higher for participants reporting ?3 h/day of television viewing than for those reporting <1 h/d (IRR: 2.04 [95% CI 1.16 to 3.57]). Conclusions Television viewing was directly associated with all?cause mortality. However, computer use and time spent driving were not significantly associated with higher mortality. Further cohort studies and trials designed to assess whether reductions in television viewing are able to reduce mortality are warranted. The lack of association between computer use or time spent driving and mortality needs further confirmation. PMID:24965030

  1. Ideologies of Gender on Television in India

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Divya C. Mcmillin

    2002-01-01

    Content analyses of Indian television programmes on the national network Doordarshan in the 1980s have shown that prime-time shows cast women as docile homemakers and as objects of male desire. This paper uses a critical postcolonial theoretical framework and narrative analysis method to detect ideologies of gender from programmes randomly selected from a month's menu of the transnational, national and

  2. Television and Attitudes toward Mental Health Issues: Cultivation Analysis and the Third-Person Effect

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diefenbach, Donald L.; West, Mark D.

    2007-01-01

    A television content analysis and survey of 419 community respondents supports the hypothesis that media stereotypes affect public attitudes toward mental health issues. A content analysis of network, prime-time television demonstrates that portrayals are violent, false, and negative. The mentally disordered are portrayed as 10 times more likely…

  3. "Television" Artists

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szekely, George

    2010-01-01

    In an art class, children browse through space-age knobs, robot antennas and gyroscopic signal searchers. They extend space needle antennas before turning on an old TV. They discover the sights and sounds of televisions past, hearing the hiss, the gathering power, and seeing the blinking eye, the black-and-white light and blurry images projected…

  4. ObesiTV: how television is influencing the obesity epidemic.

    PubMed

    Boulos, Rebecca; Vikre, Emily Kuross; Oppenheimer, Sophie; Chang, Hannah; Kanarek, Robin B

    2012-08-20

    Obesity is a major public health concern in the United States. Over the last several decades, the prevalence of obesity among both adults and children has grown at an alarming rate and is now reaching epidemic proportions. The increase in obesity has been associated with rises in a host of other chronic conditions including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, and some cancers. While the causes of obesity are multifaceted, there is growing evidence that television viewing is a major contributor. Results of numerous studies indicate a direct association between time spent watching television and body weight. Possible explanations for this relationship include: 1) watching television acts as a sedentary replacement for physical activity; 2) food advertisements for nutrient-poor, high-calorie foods stimulate food intake; and 3) television viewing is associated with "mindless" eating. In addition to decreasing physical activity and increasing the consumption of highly palatable foods, television viewing can also promote weight gain in indirect ways, such as through the use of targeted product placements in television shows; by influencing social perceptions of body image; and airing programs that portray cooking, eating and losing weight as entertainment. This paper will provide an interdisciplinary review of the direct and indirect ways in which television influences the obesity epidemic, and conclude with ways in which the negative impact of television on obesity could be reduced. PMID:22677722

  5. Alcohol imagery on New Zealand television

    PubMed Central

    McGee, Rob; Ketchel, Juanita; Reeder, Anthony I

    2007-01-01

    Background To examine the extent and nature of alcohol imagery on New Zealand (NZ) television, a content analysis of 98 hours of prime-time television programs and advertising was carried out over 7 consecutive days' viewing in June/July 2004. The main outcome measures were number of scenes in programs, trailers and advertisements depicting alcohol imagery; the extent of critical versus neutral and promotional imagery; and the mean number of scenes with alcohol per hour, and characteristics of scenes in which alcohol featured. Results There were 648 separate depictions of alcohol imagery across the week, with an average of one scene every nine minutes. Scenes depicting uncritical imagery outnumbered scenes showing possible adverse health consequences of drinking by 12 to 1. Conclusion The evidence points to a large amount of alcohol imagery incidental to storylines in programming on NZ television. Alcohol is also used in many advertisements to market non-alcohol goods and services. More attention needs to be paid to the extent of alcohol imagery on television from the industry, the government and public health practitioners. Health education with young people could raise critical awareness of the way alcohol imagery is presented on television. PMID:17270053

  6. Independent and combined associations of total sedentary time and television viewing time with food intake patterns of 9- to 11-year-old Canadian children.

    PubMed

    Borghese, Michael M; Tremblay, Mark S; Leduc, Genevieve; Boyer, Charles; Bélanger, Priscilla; LeBlanc, Allana G; Francis, Claire; Chaput, Jean-Philippe

    2014-08-01

    The relationships among sedentary time, television viewing time, and dietary patterns in children are not fully understood. The aim of this paper was to determine which of self-reported television viewing time or objectively measured sedentary time is a better correlate of the frequency of consumption of healthy and unhealthy foods. A cross-sectional study was conducted of 9- to 11-year-old children (n = 523; 57.1% female) from Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Accelerometers were used to determine total sedentary time, and questionnaires were used to determine the number of hours of television watching and the frequency of consumption of foods per week. Television viewing was negatively associated with the frequency of consumption of fruits, vegetables, and green vegetables, and positively associated with the frequency of consumption of sweets, soft drinks, diet soft drinks, pastries, potato chips, French fries, fruit juices, ice cream, fried foods, and fast food. Except for diet soft drinks and fruit juices, these associations were independent of covariates, including sedentary time. Total sedentary time was negatively associated with the frequency of consumption of sports drinks, independent of covariates, including television viewing. In combined sedentary time and television viewing analyses, children watching >2 h of television per day consumed several unhealthy food items more frequently than did children watching ?2 h of television, regardless of sedentary time. In conclusion, this paper provides evidence to suggest that television viewing time is more strongly associated with unhealthy dietary patterns than is total sedentary time. Future research should focus on reducing television viewing time, as a means of improving dietary patterns and potentially reducing childhood obesity. PMID:24892903

  7. Percent Body Fat, Kilocalorie Intake, Exercise and Television Viewing Time in Mexican American Children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Mendoza; B. Senne-Duff; R. R. Ramirez; R. P. Trevino

    1996-01-01

    LEARNING OUTCOME: To identify the association between % body fat, kcal consumption, and TV viewing time in Mexican American children.This study examined the relationship between % body fat, total kcal intake, exercise, and total amount of TV viewing time in 4th grade Mexican American children participating in a pilot overweight prevention program (Bienestar Program). Twenty-eight children and their parents were

  8. Television watching

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 36. Committee on Public Education. Children, adolescents, and television. Pediatrics . 2001;107:423-426. Feigelman S. Language, cognition, and play. In: Kliegman RM, Stanton BF, St. Geme JW ...

  9. Viewing television talk shows

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan M. Rubin; Mary M. Step

    1997-01-01

    We examined how motivation, audience activity, and attitudes influenced the likelihood of watching societal?issue and relational topics on television talk programs. Path analysis supported differences in ritualized and instrumental motives for watching talk shows. Information and exciting?entertainment motivation predicted greater’ realism of, affinity with, involvement with, and intent to watch talk television. Pass?time motivation predicted reduced affinity with and intent

  10. Children's Television in Australia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, John P.

    1978-01-01

    Reviews developments in the television industry in Australia with specific reference to children's television. Advertising regulations and research and publications related to children's television are also noted. (RAO)

  11. Only Two Hours? A Qualitative Study of the Challenges Parents Perceive in Restricting Child Television Time

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Cortney A.; Jordan, Amy B.; Horner, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    This study examines parents' and children's reaction to the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation to limit children's television (TV) viewing to 2 hours a day or less. To better understand the challenges faced by parents who would seek to adhere to the guidelines, we conducted qualitative small group interviews with 60 parent/child dyads…

  12. Portrayals of Overweight and Obese Individuals on Commercial Television

    PubMed Central

    Greenberg, Bradley S.; Eastin, Matthew; Hofschire, Linda; Lachlan, Ken; Brownell, Kelly D.

    2003-01-01

    Objectives. This study examined the distribution and individual characteristics of body types on prime-time television. Methods. Five episodes of each of the 10 top-rated prime-time fictional programs on 6 broadcast networks during the 1999–2000 season were quantitatively analyzed. Results. Of 1018 major television characters, 14% of females and 24% of males were overweight or obese, less than half their percentages in the general population. Overweight and obese females were less likely to be considered attractive, to interact with romantic partners, or to display physical affection. Overweight and obese males were less likely to interact with romantic partners and friends or to talk about dating and were more likely to be shown eating. Conclusions. Overweight and obese television characters are associated with specific negative characteristics. PMID:12893625

  13. The Association of Screen Time, Television in the Bedroom, and Obesity among School-Aged Youth: 2007 National Survey of Children's Health

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wethington, Holly; Pan, Liping; Sherry, Bettylou

    2013-01-01

    Background: Among school-aged youth, we sought to identify characteristics associated with (1) exceeding screen time recommendations (ie, television/videos/video games more than 2 hours/weekday), and (2) exceeding screen time recommendations, the presence of a television in the bedroom, and obesity. Methods: Using 2007 National Survey of…

  14. HOW MUCH CAN CHILDREN GAIN FROM TELEVISION P

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ann Searle

    1976-01-01

    Today every child in an Infant or Junior school will almost certainly watch schools’ television as part of their education. Nearly every child will watch TV at home, often for a considerable proportion of his free time. A survey of TV use in Plymouth by Plymouth Educational Television showed that in 1971 and 1972 every Infant and Junior school in

  15. Television News and the Cultivation of Fear of Crime

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Romer; Kathleen Hall Jamieson; Sean Aday

    2003-01-01

    Why has the public persisted in believing that violent crime is a widespread na- tional problem in the U.S. despite declining trends in crime and the fact that crime is concentrated in urban locations? Cultivation theory suggests that widespread fear of crime is fueled in part by heavy exposure to violent dramatic programming on prime-time television. Here we explore a

  16. Tobacco imagery on New Zealand television 2002–2004

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rob McGee; Juanita Ketchel

    2006-01-01

    Considerable emphasis has been placed on the importance of tobacco imagery in the movies as one of the “drivers” of smoking among young people. Findings are presented from a content analysis of 98 hours of prime-time programming on New Zealand television 2004, identifying 152 scenes with tobacco imagery, and selected characteristics of those scenes. About one in four programmes contained

  17. Televisions, video privacy, and powerline electromagnetic interference

    E-print Network

    Miro Enev; Tadayoshi Kohno; Sidhant Gupta; Shwetak N. Patel

    2011-01-01

    We conduct an extensive study of information leakage over the powerline infrastructure from eight televisions (TVs) spanning multiple makes, models, and underlying technologies. In addition to being of scientific interest, our findings contribute to the overall debate of whether or not measurements of residential powerlines reveal significant information about the activities within a home. We find that the power supplies of modern TVs produce discernible electromagnetic interference (EMI) signatures that are indicative of the video content being displayed. We measure the stability of these signatures over time and across multiple instances of the same TV model, as well as the robustness of these signatures in the presence of other noisy electronic devices connected to the same powerline.

  18. Role of television in childhood obesity prevention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M Caroli; L Argentieri; M Cardone; A Masi

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of television as tool for childhood obesity prevention.METHOD:Review of the available literature about the relationship between television and childhood obesity, eating habits and body shape perception.RESULTS: The reviewed studies showed the following: television watching replaces more vigorous activities; there is a positive correlation between time spent watching television and being overweight or obese on populations

  19. Using Prime-Time Animation to Engage Students in Courses on Aging

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Curch, Lisa M.

    2010-01-01

    Prime-time animation is a television genre that frequently reflects on issues that are significant in contemporary society, including aging issues. Using such programs to present aging-related content can be a constructive pedagogical device, offering a means of actively engaging students. This article provides a brief overview of the use of…

  20. What Television Chases out of Life.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winn, Marie

    2002-01-01

    Discusses the negative impact of television viewing on academic achievement and family life, examining what television chases out of family life (e.g., childhood memories of ordinary days, free time and resourcefulness, and family rituals). Explains how to gain control via parental efforts (e.g., no television on school days); natural limits…

  1. Guidelines for Family Television Viewing. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.

    This ERIC digest addresses problems associated with children's excessive viewing of television programs and commercials and provides suggestions to help parents guide their children's television viewing. Children who watch television 3 to 5 hours a day have little time for other activities such as play, reading, and talking with others. Excessive…

  2. Prime-Time Whitewash.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gitlin, Todd

    1983-01-01

    Discusses the relative absence of Black and Jewish characters in television programs. Charges that the networks' fear of presenting Jews and Blacks as realistic characters in realistic situations arises from the mistaken notion that the viewing public is uneducated, myopic, and easily bewildered. (GC)

  3. Using Prime-Time Animation to Engage Students in Courses on Aging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa M. Curch

    2010-01-01

    Prime-time animation is a television genre that frequently reflects on issues that are significant in contemporary society, including aging issues. Using such programs to present aging-related content can be a constructive pedagogical device, offering a means of actively engaging students. This article provides a brief overview of the use of media, popular culture, and prime-time animation in college teaching and

  4. Sex, Kids and the Family Hour: A Three-Part Study of Sexual Content on Television. A Special Report from Children Now and the Kaiser Family Foundation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaiser Foundation, Oakland, CA.

    This series of studies focused on the content of television programming about sexual activity and sexual relationships, examining what messages are communicated in the so-called "family hour," the first hour of prime time broadcast television (8-9 p.m. in most areas of the country). First, a content analysis documented the nature of sexual…

  5. Associations of physical activity and television viewing time with retinal vascular caliber in a multiethnic Asian population.

    PubMed

    Anuradha, Satyamurthy; Healy, Genevieve N; Dunstan, David W; Tai, E Shyong; Van Dam, Rob M; Lee, Jeannette; Nang, Ei Ei Khaing; Owen, Neville; Wong, Tien-Yin

    2011-08-01

    PURPOSE. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship of physical activity and television (TV) viewing time with retinal vascular caliber in a multiethnic Asian population. METHODS. Chinese, Indian, and Malay participants (n = 3866) were examined cross-sectionally in the Singapore Prospective Study Program (2004-2007). Leisure-time physical activity and TV viewing time were assessed by the use of an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Retinal arteriolar and venular calibers were measured from digital retinal photographs. RESULTS. After adjusting for demographic, behavioral, and medical factors, those in the lowest quartile of leisure-time physical activity had a wider venular caliber (by 1.51 ?m; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.01-2.92) compared with those in the highest quartile. Using sex- and ethnicity-specific quartiles, stronger associations were noted in males (2.23 ?m; 95% CI, 0.10-4.38) and Chinese (2.52 ?m; 95% CI, 0.44-4.59) participants. Females who watched >2 hours of TV per day had a narrow arteriolar caliber (by 1.28 ?m; 95% CI, -2.56--0.03), compared with the arteriolar caliber of those who watched less TV. CONCLUSIONS. Lower physical activity and higher TV viewing time (in females) were adversely associated with retinal microvascular caliber among Asian adults. Additional cross-sectional and longitudinal studies are needed to further clarify the potential mediating role of the microvasculature in the relationship between these behavioral risk factors and poor cardiometabolic health outcomes. PMID:21724909

  6. Television screen time, but not computer use and reading time, is associated with cardio-metabolic biomarkers in a multiethnic Asian population: a cross-sectional study

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Recent evidence shows that sedentary behaviour may be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancers and all-cause mortality. However, results are not consistent and different types of sedentary behaviour might have different effects on health. Thus the aim of this study was to evaluate the association between television screen time, computer/reading time and cardio-metabolic biomarkers in a multiethnic urban Asian population. We also sought to understand the potential mediators of this association. Methods The Singapore Prospective Study Program (2004–2007), was a cross-sectional population-based study in a multiethnic population in Singapore. We studied 3305 Singaporean adults of Chinese, Malay and Indian ethnicity who did not have pre-existing diseases and conditions that could affect their physical activity. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to assess the association of television screen time and computer/reading time with cardio-metabolic biomarkers [blood pressure, lipids, glucose, adiponectin, C reactive protein and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)]. Path analysis was used to examine the role of mediators of the observed association. Results Longer television screen time was significantly associated with higher systolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglycerides, C reactive protein, HOMA-IR, and lower adiponectin after adjustment for potential socio-demographic and lifestyle confounders. Dietary factors and body mass index, but not physical activity, were potential mediators that explained most of these associations between television screen time and cardio-metabolic biomarkers. The associations of television screen time with triglycerides and HOMA-IR were only partly explained by dietary factors and body mass index. No association was observed between computer/ reading time and worse levels of cardio-metabolic biomarkers. Conclusions In this urban Asian population, television screen time was associated with worse levels of various cardio-metabolic risk factors. This may reflect detrimental effects of television screen time on dietary habits rather than replacement of physical activity. PMID:23718927

  7. NASA Television Schedules

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This online television schedule provides listings of NASA's televised programming, including mission coverage, educational shows, and historical programs. A link is provided to a list of organizations that transmit NASA television to the World Wide Web.

  8. Hidden addiction: Television

    PubMed Central

    Sussman, Steve; Moran, Meghan B.

    2013-01-01

    Background and aims: The most popular recreational pastime in the U.S. is television viewing. Some researchers have claimed that television may be addictive. We provide a review of the definition, etiology, prevention and treatment of the apparent phenomenon of television addiction. Methods: Selective review. Results: We provide a description of television (TV) addiction, including its negative consequences, assessment and potential etiology, considering neurobiological, cognitive and social/cultural factors. Next, we provide information on its prevention and treatment. Discussion and conclusions: We suggest that television addiction may function similarly to substance abuse disorders but a great deal more research is needed. PMID:25083294

  9. Saturday Children's Television; A Report of TV Programming and Advertising on Boston Commercial Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barcus, F. Earle

    Saturday children's television programming in Boston was monitored and videotaped so that the content could be analyzed for a study to gather data relevant to content and commercial practices. Some of the major findings were that overall, about 77 percent of time is devoted to program content and 23 percent to announcements of various kinds; that…

  10. New techniques in television to provide research in three-dimensional real-time or near real-time imagery and reduced cost systems for teleconferencing and educational uses, part 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Pao, Y. H.; Claspy, P.; Allen, J. E.; Merat, F.

    1979-01-01

    The results are presented of a continuing research and development program the objective of which is to develop a reduced bandwidth television system and a technique for television transmission of holograms. The result of the former is a variable frame rate television system, the operation of which was demonstrated for both black-and-white and color signals. This system employs a novel combination of the inexpensive mass storage capacity of a magnetic disc with the reliability of a digital system for time expansion and compression. Also reported are the results of a theoretical analysis and preliminary feasibility experiment of an innovative system for television transmission of holograms using relatively conventional TV equipment along with a phase modulated reference wave for production of the original interference pattern.

  11. Television and Political Participation Among Adolescents: The Impact of Television Viewing, Entertainment and Information Preferences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ellen Quintelier; Marc Hooghe

    2011-01-01

    Although sweeping statements about the effect of television viewing on political participation could still be found in the literature in the 1990s, it is now commonly held that the effect of television should be studied as a multidimensional phenomenon. Not only the time spent watching television but also the kinds of programs being watched and even the preference for particular

  12. Beyond Entertainment: Television's Effects on Children and Youth. Television and Socialisation Research Report No. 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1976

    Recent worldwide studies on the viewing habits of children emphasize the large amount of time spent viewing television and the potential influence that television has to shape the behavior of children. Extensive research has investigated the short and long term effects of viewing television violence, and the results, though complex, suggest that…

  13. Guia Para Ver La Television En Familia (Guidelines for Family Television Viewing). ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Urbana, IL.

    This ERIC digest addresses problems associated with children's excessive viewing of television programs and commercials and provides suggestions to help parents guide their children's television viewing. Children who watch television 3 to 5 hours a day have little time for other activities such as play, reading, and talking with others. Excessive…

  14. High speed imaging television system

    DOEpatents

    Wilkinson, William O. (Silver Spring, MD); Rabenhorst, David W. (Silver Spring, MD)

    1984-01-01

    A television system for observing an event which provides a composite video output comprising the serially interlaced images the system is greater than the time resolution of any of the individual cameras.

  15. Play-by-Play: Radio, Television, and Big-Time College Sport.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Ronald A.

    This book explores the broadcast media coverage of college athletics from the early days of radio through the development of television. It examines the culture of college athletics, the role of the National Collegiate Athletic Association in media coverage, and the political infighting in college sports. The chapters are: (1) "The Media and Early…

  16. Gender Sex-Role Portrayals in International Television Advertising over Time: The Australian Experience

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laura M. Milner; Bronwyn Higgs

    2004-01-01

    Using content analysis, the current study examines sex-role portrayals in Australian television advertisements and contrasts the results with previous studies. The findings indicate that portrayals of women are actually becoming more stereotypical in a way that favors traditional roles. Role portrayals appear to be increasingly distant from women's actual experience. In the global context, this finding is unusual given that

  17. Television Viewing and Symptoms of Inattention and Hyperactivity across Time: The Importance of Research Questions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Tara; Barnard-Brak, Lucy; To, Yen

    2009-01-01

    The importance of well-specified research questions in the evaluation of early predictors of later inattention and hyperactivity is examined. In an analysis of a nationally representative sample of 2,717 children aged 4 to 10, latent growth trajectories for television viewing and inattention and hyperactivity are determined and the relationship of…

  18. Alcohol imagery on popularly viewed television in the UK

    PubMed Central

    Lyons, Ailsa; McNeill, Ann; Britton, John

    2014-01-01

    Background Exposure to alcohol consumption and product imagery in films is associated with increased alcohol consumption among young people, but the extent to which exposure also occurs through television is not clear. We have measured the occurrence of alcohol imagery in prime-time broadcasting on UK free-to-air television channels. Methods Occurrence of alcohol imagery (actual use, implied use, brand appearances or other reference to alcohol) was measured in all broadcasting on the five most popular UK television stations between 6 and 10 p.m. during 3 weeks in 2010, by 1-min interval coding. Results Alcohol imagery occurred in over 40% of broadcasts, most commonly soap operas, feature films, sport and comedies, and was equally frequent before and after the 9 p.m. watershed. Brand appearances occurred in 21% of programmes, and over half of all sports programmes, a third of soap operas and comedies and a fifth of advertising/trailers. Three brands, Heineken, Budweiser and Carlsberg together accounted for ?40% of all brand depictions. Conclusions Young people are exposed to frequent alcohol imagery, including branding, in UK prime-time television. It is likely that this exposure has an important effect on alcohol consumption in young people. PMID:23929886

  19. Television viewing and physical fitness in adults.

    PubMed

    Tucker, L A

    1990-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which time spent watching television is associated with cardiovascular fitness among 8,885 adults. Potential confounding effects of age, gender, smoking, length of work week, time reported exercising each week, and obesity were also examined. Subjects who watched TV more than 4 hours per day (frequent viewers) were 0.37 times as likely to be physically fit as those who watched TV less than 1 hour per day (infrequent viewers) with age and gender controlled. Similarly, adults who watched TV 3-4 hours per day (moderately frequent viewers) were 0.45 times as likely to be fit as infrequent watchers. Adjustment for potential confounders, particularly measured body fat and reported exercise duration in combination, weakened the TV viewing/fitness relation moderately. Given the findings of this study and the results of previous research, caution should be exercised regarding excessive television viewing. PMID:2132888

  20. September 11 Television Archive

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Making sense of the recent past can be difficult and, at times, quite painful. This moving and historically significant collection from the Internet Archive brings together hundreds of hours of television coverage from the events surrounding September 11, 2001. The materials were originally recorded live by the non-profit Television Archive and are organized in a fashion that is quite easy to use. The September 11: Program Guide has chronological coverage organized by the major networks, including the BBC and CNN. Visitors can dip into each segment here and also move on to the Chronology of Events. This area contains a brief overview of the events of that day, along with those of September 12th and 13th. Overall, the site is a fascinating way to think about these difficult events and for those with an interest in broadcast journalism, it is particularly useful.

  1. FEDERAL PROGRAMS FOR EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BYSTROM, JOHN W.

    THE GROWTH AND PROGRESS OF EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION IS DESCRIBED. GRANTS FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF NONCOMMERCIAL TELEVISION (TV) BROADCASTING STATIONS (EDUCATIONAL TV FACILITIES ACT), GRANTS OF SURPLUS PROPERTY UNDER THE NATIONAL DEFENSE EDUCATION ACT HAVE AIDED THE GROWTH OF EDUCATIONAL TV. GREATER USE IS MADE OF EDUCATIONAL TV BECAUSE OF GREATER USE…

  2. The Turtle and the Peacock : collaboration for prosocial change : the entertainment - education strategy on television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Bouman

    1999-01-01

    In the early eighties, a popular prime time drama serial Zeg eens A was being broadcast in the Netherlands. Health communication professionals who saw this series regarded it as an interesting setting in which to introduce and deal with health communication messages (see for example Bouman, 1984). At that time, however, collaborating with scriptwriters of popular television programmes was a

  3. Handbook on Hospital Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Prynne, T. A.

    Designed for both hospital personnel interested in television and audiovisual personnel entering the medical field, this handbook is a verbal and pictorial survey of what is being done with TV within the medical profession. After an introduction which answers technical questions about medical TV posed during the American Hospital Association's…

  4. Television viewing and snacking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stacy A Gore; Jill A Foster; Vicki G DiLillo; Kathy Kirk; Delia Smith West

    2003-01-01

    With the rise in obesity in America, the search for potential causes for this epidemic has begun to include a focus on environmental factors. Television (TV) viewing is one such factor, partially due to its potential as a stimulus for eating. The current study investigated the relationship between food intake and self-reported TV viewing in an effort to identify the

  5. Action for Children's Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ranly, Donald P.

    The origins, development, and effectiveness of Action for Children's Television (ACT) are examined in this pamphlet. The strategies used by ACT to obtain change at the congressional level and within television stations and networks include the following: a "tuneout" day when people are urged to turn off their television sets, a boycott of certain…

  6. The Television Instructor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Air Univ., Maxwell AFB, AL.

    A basic guide to the use of television in instruction presents an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of televised instruction. It relates the characteristics of television to the laws of learning. The process of lesson planning is detailed with reference to both on-camera presentation and related student activities. In a section on the…

  7. film & television introduction.

    E-print Network

    Finzi, Adrien

    film & television introduction. Graduate programs in the Department of Film & Television aim interests. At any given moment, a student in our Film & Television Studies program might be writing about black comedy is being made into a short by a Film Production student. Any survey of recent work from our

  8. Television and the Teacher.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comstock, George

    Television is a large part of growing up in America, and a part that meshes in various ways with other influences. Teachers should understand it, and as the occasion requires, confront, correct, or take advantage of it. Research on television viewing yields five lessons. Television experience is an individual one, although there are definite…

  9. Television Viewing and Physical Fitness in Adults.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Larry A.

    1990-01-01

    Describes a study of 8,885 adults to determine whether the amount of time spent watching television was associated with cardiovascular fitness, considering confounding effects like age, gender, smoking, work week, exercise time, and obesity. Results indicate the duration of daily television watching is strongly and inversely associated with…

  10. TV-Sat - Direct television via satellite

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Schwarz

    1983-01-01

    The FRG direct-broadcast-TV satellite TV-Sat, to be launched via Ariane in 1985, is characterized. The provisions adopted by WARC 1977 for the European region are reviewed; tables listing the 12-GHz-band satellite specifications, channels, and orbital positions assigned to the subregions and countries are provided; and the coverage zone for TV-Sat is shown on maps. The project organization; modular design; antenna,

  11. The Impact of Market Segmentation on African American Frequency, Centrality, and Status in Television Advertising

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karie L. Hollerbach

    2009-01-01

    Market segmentation made communication with the advertising audience dependent upon the audience segment. African Americans were the first racial minority group identified as having economic viability as a target market that could be reached through advertising content and placement. A content analysis of 358 prime-time television advertisements for African American and general audiences revealed that African Americans are still playing

  12. Television Situation Comedies: Female Weight, Male Negative Comments, and Audience Reactions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fouts, Gregory; Burggraf, Kimberley

    2000-01-01

    Content analysis of prime time television situation comedies examined body weights of female central characters, negative comments made by male characters about their weight or bodies, and audience reactions. Below-average weight females were over-represented in the programs. The heavier the females, the more negative comments made to or about…

  13. Multiwavefront digital holographic television.

    PubMed

    Kujawinska, Malgorzata; Kozacki, Tomasz; Falldorf, Claas; Meeser, Thomas; Hennelly, Bryan M; Garbat, Piotr; Zaperty, Weronika; Niemelä, Mikko; Finke, Grzegorz; Kowiel, Marcin; Naughton, Thomas

    2014-02-10

    This paper presents the full technology chain supporting wide angle digital holographic television from holographic capture of real world objects/scenes to holographic display with an extended viewing angle. The data are captured with multiple CCD cameras located around an object. The display system is based on multiple tilted spatial light modulators (SLMs) arranged in a circular configuration. The capture-display system is linked by a holographic data processing module, which allows for significant decoupling of the capture and display systems. The presented experimental results, based on the reconstruction of real world, variable in time scenes, illustrates imaging dynamics, viewing angle and quality. PMID:24663525

  14. The Interactions of Television Uses and Gratifications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rubin, Alan M.

    Data from 464 adults were analyzed to provide a more heuristic paradigm for mass communication uses and gratifications research in a study of the interactive nature of television viewing motivations, viewing behavior, and attitude gratifications. Factor analysis located five principal television viewing motivations: passing time, information,…

  15. Television 2.0 : reconceptualizing TV as an engagement medium

    E-print Network

    Askwith, Ivan D

    2007-01-01

    Television is in a period of dramatic change. As the mass audience continues to fragment into ever-smaller niche audiences and communities of interest, and new technologies shift control over the television viewing experience ...

  16. Social TV : the future of television in the Internet Age

    E-print Network

    Summa, Giacomo

    2011-01-01

    Television's influence on culture and society has been widely acknowledged for many years. On the other hand, with the diffusion of the web and of social networks such as Facebook and Twitter, used in concert with television, ...

  17. Teaching with Television: New Evidence Supports an Old Medium

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linebarger, Deborah L.

    2011-01-01

    Television--public television, in particular--has come to be seen as a great educational resource for the home, but it hasn't been as widely embraced in the classroom. Thanks to a number of recent, large-scale research projects, it's time to put those concerns to rest. Not only does educational television have powerful effects on children's…

  18. Effects of Advertising and Product Placement on Television Audiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth C. Wilbur; Michelle S. Goeree; Geert Ridder

    2008-01-01

    Digital video recorder proliferation and new commercial audience metrics are making television networks' revenues more sensitive to audience losses from advertising. There is currently limited understanding of how traditional advertising and product placement affect television audiences. We estimate a random coefficients logit model of viewing demand for television programs, wherein time given to traditional advertising and product placement plays a

  19. Television, The Book, and The Classroom: A National Seminar.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanton, Frank

    We should resist the temptation to label our times the Age of Television--it really is an era of mass communication, and books play a strong role in this process. A positive correlation between increased television viewing and the increased use of books is indicated by new highs in library circulation figures in the past two decades. Television

  20. The Future of Educational Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hudson, Robert B.

    In order to predict the future of educational television, the author discusses first instructional television, then public television, and also comments on the applications of communications satellites to television in both industrialized and developing nations. He predicts that in the future instructional television will be mainly carried by…

  1. Sensation seeking, television viewing motives, and home television viewing patterns

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Potts; Angela Dedmon; Jeff Halford

    1996-01-01

    This study examined the relationships between sensation seeking and television viewing motives and home TV viewing preferences. A total of 189 participants completed a sensation seeking scale, rated the importance of several global television viewing motives, and indicated viewing frequency for 18 categories of TV programming. Findings indicated that, contrary to previously-reported results, high sensation seekers did not watch less

  2. MASTER TELEVISION ANTENNA SYSTEM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhode Island State Dept. of Education, Providence.

    SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE FURNISHING AND INSTALLATION OF TELEVISION MASTER ANTENNA SYSTEMS FOR SECONDARY AND ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS ARE GIVEN. CONTRACTOR REQUIREMENTS, EQUIPMENT, PERFORMANCE STANDARDS, AND FUNCTIONS ARE DESCRIBED. (MS)

  3. Delivering Extension to the Living Room Using Internet TV

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Grant G., III

    2014-01-01

    Television is a widely adopted source for viewing educational information. Unfortunately, producing a television show on network television can be costly and time consuming. Internet TV offers Extension video content producers the opportunity to create a niche topic channel quickly and at low cost. Internet TV offers viewers a low-cost and…

  4. Breastfeeding on prime-time in Brazil.

    PubMed

    Castello Branco, H

    1990-01-01

    An example of the potential power of mass media in helping implement health programs, Brazil conducted a highly successful advertising campaign aimed at increasing the prevalence and duration of breastfeeding. The advertising campaign formed part of the 1981-84 breastfeeding program, which included -- among other things -- implementing maternity laws, establishing support groups for breastfeeding mothers, and disseminating information to policymakers. While several methods to inform parents had been tried, all had encountered resistance. An intensive mass media campaign changed all that. In 1982, 100 television channels began airing frequent, prime- time commercials -- an effort supplemented by radio sports, posters, and print advertisements. The airing of commercials followed extensive research and pretesting of the material, and were intended to help break down social barrier to breastfeeding, which included: women's fears that their breast size made then incapable of breastfeeding; employers' lack of support for working mothers; the lack of unity among doctors that breastfeeding is right for every child; and "machismo" -- men's attitude that the breast is only a sexual object. In order to establish a common goal, all spots ended with the slogan: "Breastfeeding -- 6 months that build up a life." And to establish credibility, the commercials featured well-known Brazilian celebrities. A spot aimed at facilitating the act for other women showed a popular actress breastfeeding her own child; another commercial showed a well- known singer and male role model asking fathers to support breastfeeding. An evaluation conducted in 1987 indicated significant positive changes due to the advertising campaign, demonstrating the potential of mass media in raising public awareness. PMID:12343009

  5. Payload operation television system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    The Payload Operation Television System is a high performance closed-circuit TV system designed to determine the feasibility of using TV to augment purely visual monitoring of operations, and to establish optimum system design of an operating unit which can ultimately be used to assist the operator of a remotely manipulated space-borne cargo loading device. The TV system assembled on this program is intended for laboratory experimentation which would develop operational techniques and lead to the design of space-borne TV equipment whose purpose would be to assist the astronaut-operator aboard a space station to load payload components. The equipment consists principally of a good quality TV camera capable of high resolving power; a TV monitor; a sync generator for driving camera and monitor; and two pan/tilt units which are remotely controlled by the operator.

  6. Community Antenna Television (CATV).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Communications Commission, Washington, DC.

    The number of households hooked up to cable television or community antenna television (CATV) is expanding rapidly, and Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has been developing regulations since 1962 to guide the growth of the industry. By 1965 the FCC had claimed jurisdiction over all CATV systems in the U. S. This jurisdiction was challenged…

  7. Cable Television: Franchising Considerations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baer, Walter S.; And Others

    This volume is a comprehensive reference guide to cable television technology and issues of planning, franchising, and regulating a cable system. It is intended for local government officials and citizens concerned with the development of cable television systems in their communities, as well as for college and university classes in…

  8. Television in the Philippines.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ateneo de Manila Univ., Quezon City (Philippines). Center for Educational Television.

    Information about instructional television (ITV) programing in the Philippines is summarized in this three part document. An outline of the status of the Center for Educational Television, Inc., (CETV) and a description of its current activities and financial support are provided in the first section. A narrative review of both CETV and other…

  9. FUNDAMENTALS OF TELEVISION SYSTEMS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KESSLER, WILLIAM J.

    DESIGNED FOR A READER WITHOUT SPECIAL TECHNICAL KNOWLEDGE, THIS ILLUSTRATED RESOURCE PAPER EXPLAINS THE COMPONENTS OF A TELEVISION SYSTEM AND RELATES THEM TO THE COMPLETE SYSTEM. SUBJECTS DISCUSSED ARE THE FOLLOWING--STUDIO ORGANIZATION AND COMPATIBLE COLOR TELEVISION PRINCIPLES, WIRED AND RADIO TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS, DIRECT VIEW AND PROJECTION…

  10. EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION PROJECT GUIDE.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anaheim City School District, CA.

    THE TELEVISION GUIDE FOR THE ANAHEIM PLAN IS PRESENTED. INSTRUCTION IS PROVIDED BY MEANS OF CLOSED-CIRCUIT TELEVISION IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SUBJECTS OF SOCIAL STUDIES, SCIENCE, CONVERSATIONAL SPANISH, AND ARITHMETIC. REGULAR CLASSROOM TEACHERS AND AUDIOVISUAL RESOURCE TEACHERS PRESENT CAREFULLY PLANNED AND THOROUGH PREPARATORY AND FOLLOWUP…

  11. Satellite Television Demonstration Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alaska Governor's Office of Telecommunications, Juneau.

    This report describes the status of this pilot satellite television project for the state of Alaska which provides for the distribution of television programming to the RCA Toll Centers in Anchorage, Fairbanks, Juneau, Sitka, and Bethel, as well as to 23 selected rural sites. The historical background is discussed, as well as the process involved…

  12. Diffusion of solar innovations through television news programming

    SciTech Connect

    Shoemaker, F.; Halacy, D.; O'Keefe, G.J.; Sendroy, C.G.

    1981-04-01

    The rationale, methodology, finished product, and evaluation of a series of short, topical films of various solar applications are presented. They were produced for use on prime-television news programming.

  13. Changes in household, transport and recreational physical activity and television viewing time across the transition to retirement: longitudinal evidence from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort

    PubMed Central

    Barnett, Inka; van Sluijs, Esther; Ogilvie, David; Wareham, Nicholas J

    2014-01-01

    Background Retirement is associated with an increase in recreational physical activity but its impact on other domains of activity (at home, for transport) and sedentary behaviour, such as time spent watching television (TV) is unknown. We examined the association between retirement and changes in domain-specific and overall activity and TV viewing. Methods Data were derived from the population-based EPIC (European Prospective Investigation into Cancer)–Norfolk cohort. Physical activity and TV viewing time were self-reported at baseline (1997–2000) and follow-up 2 (2006–2007) by 3334 participants employed at baseline, of whom 785 (24%) were retired at follow-up 1 (2002–2006). Multivariable regression models were fitted to estimate the association between retirement and changes in physical activity and weekly TV viewing time. Results Compared with continued employment, retirement was associated with a decline in overall activity (men: non-manual, ?40.9?MET?h/wk; manual, ?49.6?MET?h/wk; women: non-manual, ?26.9?MET?h/wk; manual, ?31.6?MET?h/wk; all p<0.001 (MET, metabolic equivalent of task)). Domain-specific activity declined for transport and occupational (p<0.001) and increased for recreational (p<0.02) and household (p?0.002) activity. We observed significant interaction between retirement and social class in respect of overall and domain-specific activity apart from household activity. Retirement was associated with a mean increase in TV viewing time, with the largest increase among manual social classes (men: +3.9?h/wk; women: +2.8?h/wk; both p<0.001). Conclusions Interventions should aim to promote household and transport as well as recreational activity. Further research on the impact of retirement on sedentary behaviour is needed. PMID:24302753

  14. Trends in television time, non-gaming PC use and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among German adolescents 2002–2010

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Studies in youth highlight that moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and screen-time behaviours such as television viewing and PC use are associated with a range of health outcomes. However, little is known about recent trends in these behaviours in adolescents. This paper presents time trends in German adolescents’ television time, non-gaming PC use as well as MVPA from 2002 to 2010. Methods Data were derived from the cross-sectional German Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study in 2002, 2006 and 2010. Analyses were based on 16,918 11-to 15-year olds boys (49.1%) and girls. Outcome variables were time spent in TV viewing and using a PC (weekday and weekend day) as well as the number of days achieving 60 minutes of MVPA. Changes in both screen-time behaviours and MVPA over time were analysed using sex-specific linear regression, controlling for age and family affluence. Results TV viewing on weekdays, but not at weekends, declined steadily over time with a difference between 2002 and 2010 of 12.4 min/day in girls and 18.3 min/day in boys (p for trend < .01). We found a strong increase in PC use for non-gaming purposes over time for girls only, with a difference between 2002 and 2010 of 54.1 min/weekday and 68.8 min/weekend day (p < .001). For MVPA we found a slight statistically significant increase in terms of meeting PA guidelines as well as days/week in MVPA for boys and girls (p < .001). In 2010 14.0% of girls and 19.9% of boys met PA guideline. Conclusion Although MVPA increased from 2002 to 2010 in German adolescents, the time spent in MVPA was still low. Despite the observed decrease in TV viewing, there was no overall decline in the observed screen-based behaviours, especially for girls. This is mainly due to a marked increase in use of a PC for chatting on-line, internet, emailing, homework etc. among girls during the last ten years which outweighs the corresponding decrease in TV viewing. The findings highlight a need for strategies and interventions aimed at reducing screen-time behaviours and promoting MVPA. PMID:24725269

  15. TV ratings : when do most people watch television?

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)

    2002-01-01

    This online activity challenges students to think about and use percentages related to television viewing to make comparisons to determine television viewing preferences. The activity is one of 80 mathematical challenges featured on the Figure This! web site emphasizing real-world uses of mathematics. To answer this activity's initial question, the student reads data from a chart, applies a formula, and uses the calculated information to draw a conclusion about TV viewing preferences. Information about how TV ratings are determined and how viewing data are used to make decisions about television advertising are featured. The activity also offers a series of related questions about viewing habits and making comparisons about the cost of advertising on different shows. Answers to all questions are included. Copyright 2005 Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

  16. Television Studies: A Widening Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comstock, George

    1981-01-01

    Reviews three books concerned with the effects of television advertising upon children and their parents: "Television Advertising and Children," edited by June Esserman; "Children and the Faces of Television," edited by Edward Palmer and Aimee Dorr; and "The Effects of Television Advertising on Children," by Richard Adler and others. (JJD)

  17. Social Television and User Interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pablo Cesar; Konstantinos Chorianopoulos; Jens F. Jensen

    2008-01-01

    At first glance, the notion of social interactive television seems to be a tautology. Television watching has always been a social activity. People watch television together in their living rooms, and outside their homes they talk about last night's football match; and even call each other to recommend an interesting program. Unfortunately, until recently, research on social interactive television has

  18. Computerized Television: New Developments in Television Production Techniques.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metallinos, Nikos

    Based on the notion that technological and artistic developments in the area of television production affect viewers' comprehension and appreciation of televised programs, this essay examines the impact of telecommunication advances on the industry. The first section briefly considers the technological advances of the last decade in major TV

  19. Description of Children's Television Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barcus, F. Earle

    This paper is a report of two studies which were conducted on children's television. The first, "Saturday Children's Television," is a content analysis of programming and advertising matter on four Boston commercial TV stations. The second, "Romper Room, An Analysis," focuses on that program's commercial practices. The first study involved the…

  20. An Analysis of Televised Presentations of Disability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William J. Warzak; Christine T. Majors; Andrea G. Hansell; Tracey M. Allan

    1988-01-01

    Three hundred and seventy-four thirty-minute television segments were observed in an investigation of televised portrayals of disability. These segments were randomly distributed across three time blocks and the three major networks. The presence\\/absence of disability was recorded using a twenty-second partial interval recording procedure. The definition of disability was restricted to the observation of an orthosis or prosthesis for support,

  1. Daytime TV's day of compassion for AIDS.

    PubMed

    McFarlane, R

    1995-07-01

    Daytime television's national Day of Compassion programming, a Hollywood Supports-sponsored event where entire shows and storylines were devoted to HIV/AIDS topics, is highlighted. Programming successes are examined, including cable TV's contribution to the event and the general public's approval. Richard Jennings of Hollywood Supports, the entertainment industry group that works to counter workplace fears and discrimination based on HIV status and sexual orientation, states that he and his group are aiming at prime time next year. This mission is particularly important now given the tenor of hateful distortion about people with AIDS from the religious right and the current mood of Congress towards AIDS-related funding. PMID:11362727

  2. Developmental trends in television coviewing of parent-child dyads

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fritz Sang; Bernhard Schmitz; Karl Tasche

    1993-01-01

    In this study, long-term trends in joint parent-child television viewing are taken as prototype for developmental changes of the parent-child relationship during adolescence. To describe and compare trends of television coviewing in different configurations of family members, trajectories of daily television viewing, tmeasured with Nielsen-type people meters over a time period of three years, were analyzed using time series methods.

  3. Appraising Gender Role Portrayals in TV Commercials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolbe, Richard H.; Langefeld, Carl D.

    1993-01-01

    Examines gender role orientations of characters in prime time television advertisements through the Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) completed by 426 college students (43.2% females). Results confirm the appropriateness of the scale for self- and person-perception ratings. Uses of the BSRI in gender role research are discussed. (SLD)

  4. AdScorer: an event-based system for near real-time impact analysis of television advertisements (industry article)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pĺl Evensen; Hein Meling

    2012-01-01

    The media measurement industry is in turmoil, with the old prediction-based models being challenged by more accurate measurement techniques, based on actual viewer behaviour drawn from much larger sample selections. As measurement methods converge across different types of media, the online\\/offline measurement divide will diminish. Television is one such medium that has traditionally required offline measurements. Advertisers are, for the

  5. "Kids' Stuff": Television Cartoons as Mirrors of the American Mind.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mitchell, Tracey L.

    Cartoons are generally regarded as "kids' stuff," unworthy of scholarly study. As an aspect of popular culture, television cartoons do not attract scholars who are interested in being part of the "critical elite." Some scholars believe, however, that less time should be spent discussing how TV might be used to teach children what society thinks…

  6. UCLA Film & Television Archive

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-05-11

    In 1965, the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (ATAS) joined forces with the UCLA Theater Arts Department to create the ATAS/UCLA Television Library. 11 years later, the UCLA Film & Television Archive was formally established, and donations began arriving from Paramount Pictures, 20th Century Fox, and other major motion picture studios. On the ATAS website, visitors can learn about upcoming screenings and lectures, along with more about the prodigious collections. The Collections area is a great place to start investigating opportunities to borrow prints, donate materials, and license media. The online exhibitions are a pip, and visitors should not miss the UCLA Preserved Silent Animation area. Here they can watch eleven different remarkable (and very rare) films, including "The Enchanted Drawing" and "Bob's Electric Theatre." Finally, visitors can connect with the Archive via a range of social media, including Twitter and YouTube.

  7. The Effect of Network and Public Television Programs on Four and Five Year Olds' Ability To Attend to Educational Tasks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geist, Eugene A.; Gibson, Marty

    2000-01-01

    Examines the effect of network and public television programs on children's: ability to attend to a task, time on task, and engagement in rough-and-tumble play. Sixty-two children were assigned to one of three groups that watched: (1) a public television program; (2) a network television program; and (3) no television and instead played with…

  8. Las Posadas on Television

    E-print Network

    1976-04-01

    of the piece takes the work far beyond the exploratory scenes which toured as a germinal work-in-progress in 1975. Diablos and calaveras in the popular tradition of El Teatro inhabit this piece, but there are also earthy portrayals of men, women, workers... the Midwest and the East from March 15 through May. Las Posadas on Television The Center for the Hispanic Performing Arts at the University of Colorado (Boulder) sponsored a special television production of the traditional Christmas pageant, Las Posadas...

  9. 1979 Nielsen Report on Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nielsen (A.C.) Co., Chicago, IL.

    The Nielsen data on commercial television viewing and programming contained in this report are estimates of the audiences and other characteristics of television usage as derived from Nielsen Television Index and Nielsen Station Index measurements. Data and brief discussions are provided on the number of commercial and public stations; number of…

  10. Television and the Female Consumer.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mann, Denise, Ed.; Spigel, Lynn, Ed.

    1988-01-01

    This special issue brings together an editorial, six articles, and three book reviews that focus on the relationship between television and the female audience. The articles are: (1) "Installing the Television Set: Popular Discourses on Television and Domestic Space, 1948-1955" (Lynn Spigel); (2) "The Spectacularization of Everyday Life: Recycling…

  11. Television and Child Language Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koutsouvanou, Eugenia

    1993-01-01

    Reviews research on the effects of television viewing, particularly educational programing, on preschool children. Describes a study conducted in Athens, Greece, of television's impact on language development in kindergarten children; and of the impact of mother's educational level on child's language ability and television-viewing habits. Details…

  12. Vocabulary Demands of Television Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, Stuart; Rodgers, Michael P. H.

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated vocabulary coverage and the number of encounters of low-frequency vocabulary in television programs. Eighty-eight television programs consisting of 264,384 running words were categorized according to genre. Television shows were classified as either British or American and then put into the following genres: news, drama,…

  13. EQUIPMENT GUIDE FOR CLASSROOM TELEVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sylvania Electric Products, Inc., New York, NY.

    THE GUIDE IS DESIGNED TO ACQUAINT EDUCATORS WITH EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION HARDWARE. FEATURES INCLUDE A GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL TERMS, DESCRIPTIONS OF VARIOUS TELEVISION CAMERAS AND LENSES, PROJECTION EQUIPMENT, TAPE RECORDERS, MONITORS, AND TELEVISION RECEIVERS. NECESSARY EQUIPMENT FOR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS, PROTABLE STUDIOS, LARGER AND PROFESSIONAL…

  14. The Evidence on Television Violence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comstock, George

    To some degree television is the current inheritor of anxiety over the effects of communications from outside the home, and is not alone among mass media in presenting sizeable amounts of violence. However the accessibility, pervasiveness, and very character of television make it the ultimate mass medium, and hence a cause for concern. Television

  15. Schools and Cable Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Education Association, Washington, DC. Educational Technology Div.

    The papers gathered here are designed to provide a foundation of background information for those charged with the responsibility of formulating school district goals regarding cable television (CATV) and of obtaining the necessary cooperation from the local CATV franchise operators to reach these goals. The position of the National Education…

  16. Film, Radio, and Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hardesty, Carolyn, Ed.

    1990-01-01

    This journal issue covers the history of film, radio, and television in Iowa. The first article, "When Pictures and Sound Came to Iowa," summarizes the origin of movies and radio and their early beginnings in Iowa. Using old photographs and measurement charts, the viewing, reading, and listening habits of young people in 1950 and 1958 are…

  17. Children Talk About Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Streicher, Lawrence H.; Bonney, Norman L.

    Groups of boys and girls at two summer day camps in 1970 were interviewed on the manner in which they viewed television, thought about it, and talked about it among themselves. The areas explored were: (1) the types of programs which they reported liking or disliking, (2) the types of programs which they felt informed them, (3) their attitudes…

  18. "Feedback" For Instructioal Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schramm, Wilbur

    A number of different methods have been used by instructional television (ITV) projects to obtain audience feedback, and some of these are now being used in the ITV system in El Salvador. We know that pretesting programs on a representative sample can bring considerable gains in learning. Another feedback source can be a classroom of pupils in the…

  19. Educational Television in Japan.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Vera, Jose Maria

    With an eye toward further collaboration between U.S. and Japanese broadcasters, the overall approach and effect of Japanese educational television (ETV) is examined. While in the United States ETV has no advertisement and is non-profit, the Japanese only require that any advertisement be not obstructive to social education. Their broadcasting has…

  20. Mariner Mars 1971 television picture catalog: Sequence design and picture coverage, volume 2, addendum 1

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Koskela, P. E.

    1973-01-01

    This addendum to the Mariner Mars 1971 Television Picture Catalog, Volume 2 (for abstract, see N73-20850) contains data for the Mariner 9 TV pictures taken after Rev 262. Some of the data presented in Volume 2 is brought up to date. The new provisional mapping pole is discussed, and tables provide the latitude and longitude with respect to the new pole, prime meridian, and rotation rate for the centerpoints of all the Mariner 9 TV pictures.

  1. Television viewing in Thai infants and toddlers: impacts to language development and parental perceptions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nichara Ruangdaraganon; Jariya Chuthapisith; Ladda Mo-suwan; Suntree Kriweradechachai; Umaporn Udomsubpayakul; Chanpen Choprapawon

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Effects of television to language development in infants and toddlers, especially in the Asian children, are inconclusive. This study aimed to (a) study time spent on television in Thai infants and toddlers (age < 2 years), (b) investigate the association between time spent on television (as recommended by the American Academy of Paediatrics (AAP), < 2 hours per day)

  2. Wake in faint television meteors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robertson, M. C.; Hawkes, Robert L.

    1992-01-01

    The two component dustball model was used in numerical lag computation. Detached grain lag is typically less than 2 km, with expected wakes of a few hundred meters. True wake in television meteors is masked by apparent wake due to the combined effects of image persistence and blooming. To partially circumvent this problem, we modified a dual MCP intensified CID video system by addition of a rotating shutter to reduce the effective exposure time to about 2.0 ms. Preliminary observations showed that only 2 of 27 analyzed meteors displayed statistically significant wake.

  3. Cable Television and Satellite Broadcasting

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blackburn, J. F.

    1990-05-01

    Sponsored by the Financial Times, this 2-day conference was the eighth in the annual series. This particular conference marks the end of the first year of the Sky Television network's operation in the U.K. The conference was held just before British Satellite Broadcasting (BSB) goes into operation. With speakers from the U.K., the U.S., France, Japan, and the Netherlands, attendance exceeded all previous conferences. The 400 participants came mainly from the U.K., but also represented were France, the Netherlands, U.S., Australia, Spain, Norway, Canada, Switzerland, Denmark, Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Finland, Monaco, Belgium, South Africa, Italy, Luxembourg, Irish Republic, and Malta.

  4. Social class differences in how children talk about television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frederick Williams

    1969-01-01

    Much time and space has been devoted to such questions as “What does television do to the child?”; and “How do children use television?”; The findings of research into these questions often are unsatisfactorily vague and ambiguous. Laymen (and our own common sense) tell us that there must be more effect from the spending of many hours a day before

  5. 78 FR 12967 - Establishment of Class A TV Service and Cable Television Rate Regulation; Cost of Service Rules...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-26

    ...Establishment of Class A TV Service and Cable Television Rate Regulation; Cost of Service Rules--Clarification Regarding Information...Establishment of Class A TV Service and Cable Television Rate Regulation; Cost of Service Rules, which were determined to...

  6. Real-time computer-generated hologram by means of liquid-crystal television spatial light modulator

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mok, Fai; Psaltis, Demetri; Diep, Joseph; Liu, Hua-Kuang

    1986-01-01

    The usefulness of an inexpensive liquid-crystal television) (LCTV) as a spatial light modulator for coherent-optical processing in the writing and reconstruction of a single computer-generated hologram has been demonstrated. The thickness nonuniformities of the LCTV screen were examined in a Mach-Zehnder interferometer, and the phase distortions were successfully removed using a technique in which the LCTV screen was submerged in a liquid gate filled with an index-matching nonconductive mineral oil with refractive index of about 1.45.

  7. Television noise reduction device

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gordon, B. L.; Stamps, J. C. (inventors)

    1975-01-01

    A noise reduction system that divides the color video signal into its luminance and chrominance components is reported. The luminance component of a given frame is summed with the luminance component of at least one preceding frame which was stored on a disc recorder. The summation is carried out so as to achieve a signal amplitude equivalent to that of the original signal. The averaged luminance signal is then recombined with the chrominance signal to achieve a noise-reduced television signal.

  8. The relationship between television viewing and obesity in young children: a review of existing explanations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vickii B. Jenvey

    2007-01-01

    It has often been proposed that young (three to six years old) children’s television viewing habits contribute to early?onset obesity. Three explanations that link television viewing patterns of young children with the development of obesity are considered. First, television viewing displaces time available for physical activity, reduces energy expenditure relative to energy intake and leads to obesity. Second, the cognitive

  9. Preschool Television Viewing and Adolescent Test Scores: Historical Evidence from the Coleman Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew Gentzkow; Jesse M. Shapiro

    2008-01-01

    We use heterogeneity in the timing of television's introduction to different local markets to identify the effect of preschool television exposure on standardized test scores during adolescence. Our preferred point estimate indicates that an additional year of preschool television exposure raises average adolescent test scores by about 0.02 standard deviations. We are able to reject negative effects larger than about

  10. TELEVISED FOOD ADS AND CHILDREN: WHAT DO THEY REQUEST AND WHAT DO PARENTS BUY?

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Television has heavily influenced Americans for years. Children in the United States spend more time watching television than in any other activity except sleep. Past research indicated that television viewing greatly influences children’s attitudes toward food choices. This study sought to inves...

  11. The Relationship between Television Viewing and Obesity in Young Children: A Review of Existing Explanations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenvey, Vickii B.

    2007-01-01

    It has often been proposed that young (three to six years old) children's television viewing habits contribute to early-onset obesity. Three explanations that link television viewing patterns of young children with the development of obesity are considered. First, television viewing displaces time available for physical activity, reduces energy…

  12. Does television viewing predict dietary intake five years later in high school students and young adults?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daheia J Barr-Anderson; Nicole I Larson; Melissa C Nelson; Dianne Neumark-Sztainer; Mary Story

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Prior research has found that television viewing is associated with poor diet quality, though little is known about its long-term impact on diet, particularly during adolescence. This study examined the associations between television viewing behavior with dietary intake five years later. METHODS: Survey data, which included television viewing time and food frequency questionnaires, were analyzed for 564 middle school

  13. Does Television Rot Your Brain? New Evidence from the Coleman Study. NBER Working Paper No. 12021

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gentzkow, Matthew; Shapiro, Jesse M.

    2006-01-01

    We use heterogeneity in the timing of television's introduction to different local markets to identify the effect of preschool television exposure on standardized test scores later in life. Our preferred point estimate indicates that an additional year of preschool television exposure raises average test scores by about .02 standard deviations. We…

  14. Dual Audio Television; an Experiment in Saturday Morning Broadcast and a Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borton, Terry; And Others

    The Philadelphia City Schools engaged in a four-year program to develop and test dual audio television, a way to help children learn more from the massive amounts of time they spend watching commercial television. The format consisted of an instructional radio broadcast which accompanied popular television shows and attempted to clarify and…

  15. Radiation-Emitting Products: Televisions and Video Display Monitors

    MedlinePLUS

    ... displays images on an electronic screen. Most modern computers monitors and televisions (TVs) today use liquid crystal ... this hazard. Today, electronic technology for TVs and computer monitors with CRTs has changed so drastically that ...

  16. 6. Electric current is delivered to a television set at a specified voltage. The power delivered to the television is the energy per charge (voltage) multiplied by the charge per time (current) as

    E-print Network

    Kioussis, Nicholas

    1 Chapter 21 6. Electric current is delivered to a television set at a specified voltage. The power.1 10 m 4 4 2.1 A 6.9 m L L D V V IR I I A I LD - - Ă? = = = = = = Ă? 29. An electric heater converts electric power to heat energy. Equation 21-6 gives the rate at which power is consumed

  17. Interactive Cable Television. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Active Learning Systems, Inc., Minneapolis, MN.

    This report describes an interactive video system developed by Active Learning Systems which utilizes a cable television (TV) network as its delivery system to transmit computer literacy lessons to high school and college students. The system consists of an IBM PC, Pioneer LDV 4000 videodisc player, and Whitney Supercircuit set up at the head end…

  18. Television as a Social Force: New Approaches to TV Criticism.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cater, Douglass, Ed.; Adler, Richard, Ed.

    Eight essays prepared for the Aspen Conference of August 1974 are collected, with comments from the discussions of the leading humanists who attended the conference and reviewed the preliminary drafts. Included are essays on the medium as a social and cultural force, criticism from the viewer's position, a comparison of newspaper and television

  19. Functional Literacy and Continuing Education by Television

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paiva e Souza, Alfredina de

    1970-01-01

    As a result of a pilot project (in Rio de Janeiro) of functional literacy for adolescents and adults by television, 90 percent of the students in experimental tele-classes" became literate with 36 broadcasts of 20 minutes each, distributed over three months three times each week, supported by 50 minutes of discussion and other activities carried…

  20. Televised Consumption: Women, Advertisers and the Early Daytime Television Industry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Inger Stole

    2003-01-01

    This article looks at ways in which the US broadcasting and advertising industries conceptualized the female consumer in the immediate Post War period. It explores the emergence of daytime television and discusses broadcasters' views of their predominantly female audience. The article argues that by grasping the underlying principles that were developed in the early daytime television industry, one can gain

  1. The Impact of the Cable Television Industry on Public Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    LeRoy, David J.; LeRoy, Judith M.

    This assessment of the possible impact of the cable television industry upon public television relies primarily on audience demographic characteristics as a convenient summary indicator and, in many instances, the only kind of evidence available for review. Primary sources of information used were the national Nielsen ratings; mail surveys of…

  2. RockOnTV

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    RockOnTV attempts to keep track of all television shows that may be of interest to fans of popular music. The particular focus is rock music and live performances, but they include other shows from time to time that are noteworthy. Music related shows are listed in a weekly schedule.

  3. Social influence in televised election debates: a potential distortion of democracy.

    PubMed

    Davis, Colin J; Bowers, Jeffrey S; Memon, Amina

    2011-01-01

    A recent innovation in televised election debates is a continuous response measure (commonly referred to as the "worm") that allows viewers to track the response of a sample of undecided voters in real-time. A potential danger of presenting such data is that it may prevent people from making independent evaluations. We report an experiment with 150 participants in which we manipulated the worm and superimposed it on a live broadcast of a UK election debate. The majority of viewers were unaware that the worm had been manipulated, and yet we were able to influence their perception of who won the debate, their choice of preferred prime minister, and their voting intentions. We argue that there is an urgent need to reconsider the simultaneous broadcast of average response data with televised election debates. PMID:21479191

  4. Television and contraception.

    PubMed

    Klein, L

    1986-01-01

    This article consists of excerpts from a speach made on October 19th at the 1986 annual meeting of the Association of Planned Parenthood Professionals by Dr. Luella Klein, President of the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) between 1984-85. The speaker described the reaction of US television network to the ACOG's request that the networks air a public service announcement encouraging responsible sexual behavior among the nation's young people. In 1984 the ACOG initiated a public information program aimed at reducing the high number of unwanted births among young people. The ACOG with the help of an advertising agency developed a 27-second public service announcement stressing responsible parenthood and informing young people that they could write or call for further information. A booklet, entitled "Facts," was prepared for distribution to those who inquired. It advised young people to consider postponing sexual intercourse but to use the most effective methods of contraception if they decided to be sexually active. Oral contraceptives for females and condoms for males were recommended as the most effective methods. When the 3 major television networks, i.e., the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), the National Broadcasting Company (NBC), and the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS), were requested to carry the announcement, all 3 networks claimed the announcement was too controversial to air. These same networks do not hesitate to show blatant, irresponsible sexual behavior repeatedly during their entertainment programming, and commercials with sexual innuendos are routinely accepted for airing by the networks. In July, 1986, the ACOG called a news conference in New York City to inform the news media about the rejection of the announcement by the networks. The conference stimulated considerable interest, and the story was carried by many newspapers and by radio and television news programs. Many of the news accounts of the story contained the public service announcement itself. As a result, young people began calling and writing for the booklet. Editorials critical of the networks' handling of the ACOG request appeared in numerous publications. The author then wrote to the presidents of each network asking them to reconsider the ACOG request. The presidents of ABC and CBS flatly rejected the request, but the president of NBC agreed to meet with the ACOG to work out an acceptable announcement. The networks must be encouraged to promote a more responsible and realistic image of sexual behavior than the image currently being conveyed in television programs and ads. PMID:12340617

  5. Television observations of Phobos

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Avanesov, G. A.; Bonev, B. I.; Boicheva, V.; Kempe, F.; Bazilevskii, A. T.; Duxbury, T.

    1989-01-01

    In February and March 1989 the Phobos 2 spacecraft took 37 television images of Phobos from a distance of 190-1100 km. The data are being used to update the three-dimensional model of Phobos, to provide improved determinations of its density and orbital dynamics, and to study its surface color, composition, and texture. Preliminary findings are presented here which include different integrated photometric behavior in visible and near-infrared bands, observation of a region immediately west of Stickney which is relatively free of large grooves, the prevalence of bright rims on grooves and younger craters, and low bulk density.

  6. Sensing Methods for Detecting Analog Television Signals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rahman, Mohammad Azizur; Song, Chunyi; Harada, Hiroshi

    This paper introduces a unified method of spectrum sensing for all existing analog television (TV) signals including NTSC, PAL and SECAM. We propose a correlation based method (CBM) with a single reference signal for sensing any analog TV signals. In addition we also propose an improved energy detection method. The CBM approach has been implemented in a hardware prototype specially designed for participating in Singapore TV white space (WS) test trial conducted by Infocomm Development Authority (IDA) of the Singapore government. Analytical and simulation results of the CBM method will be presented in the paper, as well as hardware testing results for sensing various analog TV signals. Both AWGN and fading channels will be considered. It is shown that the theoretical results closely match with those from simulations. Sensing performance of the hardware prototype will also be presented in fading environment by using a fading simulator. We present performance of the proposed techniques in terms of probability of false alarm, probability of detection, sensing time etc. We also present a comparative study of the various techniques.

  7. Faculty of Arts Film & Television

    E-print Network

    Davies, Christopher

    ); representation and identity, and issues of gender; British television history; experimental film; documentary of film and television aesthetics, history and theory. In 2013, the Department launched their new MA students greater scope to choose which of our world-leading scholars they wish to work with: all of our

  8. Kansas Public Television Network (KPTN).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lemen, Jack A.

    The plans of the Kansas Public Television Board (KPTB) for development of the Kansas Television Network are detailed for the period extending from FY 1979 to FY 1983; the proposed system is designed to serve the needs of the communities by extending existing capabilities and resources, sharing common resources, and enriching the total system.…

  9. PUBLIC ACCESS TELEVISION: ALTERNATIVE VIEWS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas Kellner; Frantz Fanon

    The rapid expansion of public access television in recent years provides new possibilities for progressive individuals and groups to produce video programming that cuts against the conservative programming that dominates mainstream television in the United States. Progressive access programming is now being cablecast regularly in such places as New York, Los Angeles, Boston, Chicago, Atlanta, Madison, Urbana, Austin, and perhaps

  10. TELEVISION IN HEALTH SCIENCES EDUCATION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GRANT, THEO. S.; MERRILL, IRVING R.

    A MAJOR MEDICAL CENTER CONDUCTED A SERIES OF EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES CONCERNED WITH THE USE OF CLOSED CIRCUIT TELEVISION INSTRUCTION IN THE CURRICULUMS OF MEDICINE, DENTISTRY, PHARMACY, AND NURSING. THE SIX STUDIES REPORTED WERE (1) OVER 300 HEALTH SCIENCE TELEVISION PRESENTATIONS WERE PRODUCED, PRESENTED TO STUDENTS, AND EVALUATED. REPORTS WERE MADE…

  11. Cable Television: Notebook Number Five.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Notebook, 1973

    1973-01-01

    Cable television has been introduced to the public as a revolutionary development in communications, but its history, evolving structure, and present operation indicate otherwise. A few large industrial conglomerates have come to dominate the field of cable television and studies by private institutions and the regulatory activities of the Federal…

  12. Television, Learning and Distance Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. W. Bates

    1988-01-01

    ’High quality’ television is a valuable part of open and distance education, as exemplified in its use by The Open University. Television has a unique role to play in distance education because of its distinctive delivery, presentational, and control characteristics. The ways in which these characteristics could be exploited are discussed in depth, and related to different kinds of learner.

  13. Instructional Television in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molenda, Michael

    Despite the voluminous array of comparison studies, educators have little for purposes of administrative decision making or for the establishment of scientific generalizations about how students learn from television. Of interest to cable adherents is the off-campus home viewer of instructional television (ITV) offerings. Research evidence…

  14. State Television and Voter Information

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrea Prat

    How does the presence of government-controlled media affect po- litical outcomes? What happens when the state monopoly is broken by the introduction of commercial television? To analyze these ques- tions we develop a retrospective voting model where, the government selects the intensity of television coverage for different socio-economic groups, and, after this, sets public policy and political rents. The incumbent

  15. About Television Reality and Performance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, Brice

    The author presents the argument that television reality is a new kind of performance in our environment: we don't respond to it and it doesn't acknowledge our presence. The images and sounds of television reality are "its", and our human organisms must be disconcerted by these "its" occuring in the privacy of our homes. We are being taught to…

  16. Empirical Studies on Television Composition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Metallinos, Nikos

    A review of research on television's major compositional factors was undertaken to determine the status of such research and to note the major variables involved in the structure of television pictures. It was found that such research could be grouped in four categories--lighting and color, staging, editing, and sound--and that these areas covered…

  17. TELEVISION INSPECTION CAMERA MOBILITY EXPERIMENTS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marjon

    1959-01-01

    The application of cloged-circuit television in the inspection of ; nuclear aircraft is under study at ConvairFort Worth. Previous testing ; demonstrated that televised viewing of aircraft components is a satisfactory ; substitute for normal viewing. A continuation of the experimental investigation ; of remote inspection is described. These tests were performed to resolve only ; the uncertainties connected with

  18. What's on TV Tonight?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Locke, Robert

    1980-01-01

    Provides instruction for a game for the ESL classroom in which students work in pairs, playing a husband and wife who want to sort out their TV viewing schedule. The exercise gives students practice in telling time, asking about programs, making suggestions, asking about preferences, and learning about English television programs. (PJM)

  19. Supporting the social uses of television: sociability heuristics for social tv

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Geerts; Dirk De Grooff

    2009-01-01

    Various social television systems and applications, enabling remote communication and interaction between viewers, are currently in development. Although usability guidelines exist for interactive television to ensure a usable system, there are no sociability guidelines for designing or evaluating the social interaction these systems enable. In this paper we present twelve sociability heuristics for evaluating social TV, based on several user

  20. Tobacco imagery on New Zealand television 2002–2004

    PubMed Central

    McGee, Rob; Ketchel, Juanita

    2006-01-01

    Considerable emphasis has been placed on the importance of tobacco imagery in the movies as one of the “drivers” of smoking among young people. Findings are presented from a content analysis of 98?hours of prime?time programming on New Zealand television 2004, identifying 152 scenes with tobacco imagery, and selected characteristics of those scenes. About one in four programmes contained tobacco imagery, most of which might be regarded as “neutral or positive”. This amounted to about two scenes containing such imagery for every hour of programming. A comparison with our earlier content analysis of programming in 2002 indicated little change in the level of tobacco imagery. The effect of this imagery in contributing to young viewers taking up smoking, and sustaining the addiction among those already smoking, deserves more research attention. PMID:16998178

  1. 76 FR 44821 - Digital Low Power Television, Television Translator, and Television Booster Stations and To Amend...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ...hard deadline of June 12, 2009 for full power stations to cease analog operations...television stations. Therefore, while all full power television stations have ceased...and released on July 15, 2011. The full text of the Second Report and Order is...

  2. Where has the doctor gone? The mediazation of medicine on Dutch television, 1961-2000.

    PubMed

    Verhoeven, Piet

    2008-10-01

    Health issues and medical science receive a lot of attention on television. Of all the sciences, the European public is most interested in medicine, and the public uses television as their main source of information on science. There has been hardly any empirical research, however, into the historical development of the representation of medical science on television. The development of medical television was explored by carrying out a content analysis of Dutch non-fiction medical television programs spanning a period of 40 years. The speaking time allotted to experts has decreased over the years, while that allotted to laypeople has increased. We are seeing fewer references to sources and science and more expression of emotion and tension. The results suggest three periods of medical television: a scientific, a journalistic and a lay period. Medical television in 2000 shows a personified picture of patients against an instrumentalized and symbolized medical backdrop. PMID:19244867

  3. Agent + Image : how the television image estabilizes identity in TV spy series

    E-print Network

    Bidlingmeyer, Lisa Marie

    2007-01-01

    This thesis explores the intersection of the television image with the presentation of self-identity. I examine two TV series in the spy genre -- Alias (2001 - 2006) and The Prisoner (1967 - 1968) -- discussing how each ...

  4. Preferred viewing distance of liquid crystal high-definition television.

    PubMed

    Lee, Der-Song

    2012-01-01

    This study explored the effect of TV size, illumination, and viewing angle on preferred viewing distance in high-definition liquid crystal display televisions (HDTV). Results showed that the mean preferred viewing distance was 2856 mm. TV size and illumination significantly affected preferred viewing distance. The larger the screen size, the greater the preferred viewing distance, at around 3-4 times the width of the screen (W). The greater the illumination, the greater the preferred viewing distance. Viewing angle also correlated significantly with preferred viewing distance. The more deflected from direct frontal view, the shorter the preferred viewing distance seemed to be. PMID:21529771

  5. Television and the American Family. Second Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Jennings, Ed.; Bryant, J. Alison, Ed.

    Noting drastic changes in both television and the family since the 1990 edition, this revised volume provides an extensive consideration of television's role in the American family, from the uses families make of television and how extensions such as remote controls and VCRs affect usage, to the meanings families have for television, families'…

  6. Shotgun Wedding: Television and the Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stein, Jay W.

    1983-01-01

    Television can be used as an effective tool by teachers despite the harmful quality of much television programing seen by children. If teachers were to integrate their curriculum with the relevant television programing, children's personality integration would be aided and education could influence the quality of commercial television programing.…

  7. National Television Violence Study. Volume 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seawell, Margaret, Ed.

    The National Television Violence Study (NTVS) was a 3-year effort to assess the effects of violence on television, of particular interest to education professionals is the effects of television violence on children. Funded by the National Cable Television Association, the project began in June 1994 and involved the participation of media scholars…

  8. National Television Violence Study. Volume 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seawell, Margaret, Ed.

    The National Television Violence Study (NTVS) was a 3-year effort to assess the effects of violence on television, of particular interest to education professionals is the effects of television violence on children. Funded by the National Cable Television Association, the project began in June 1994 and involved the participation of media scholars…

  9. National Television Violence Study. Volume 3.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seawell, Margaret, Ed.

    The National Television Violence Study (NTVS) was a 3-year effort to assess the effects of violence on television, of particular interest to education professionals is the effects of television violence on children. Funded by the National Cable Television Association, the project began in June 1994 and involved the participation of media scholars…

  10. Presidential Elections in the Age of Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rothwell, Jennifer Truran

    2000-01-01

    Explores the role of television in politics providing historical examples of the use of television and its possible effects on elections. Focuses on television as the dominant medium for politics, the connections among television, advertising, and political money, and ideas for reforming the electoral process. Includes a teaching activity on…

  11. Solid state television camera

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1976-01-01

    The design, fabrication, and tests of a solid state television camera using a new charge-coupled imaging device are reported. An RCA charge-coupled device arranged in a 512 by 320 format and directly compatible with EIA format standards was the sensor selected. This is a three-phase, sealed surface-channel array that has 163,840 sensor elements, which employs a vertical frame transfer system for image readout. Included are test results of the complete camera system, circuit description and changes to such circuits as a result of integration and test, maintenance and operation section, recommendations to improve the camera system, and a complete set of electrical and mechanical drawing sketches.

  12. Broadcasting presence: immersive television

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Harrison, David; Lodge, Nicholas

    2000-06-01

    Being present at a live event is undeniably the most exciting way to experience any entertainment. This is true whether we are talking about a musical concert, a theatrical performance, a cricket match, or even a firework display. The ability to direct your gaze where you wish, to hear sounds from all around you, to experience the immediacy and expectation of an unscripted happening, to feel the buzz of the crowd and to smell the grass or smoke, are all sensory cues which contribute to the powerful experience of being there. This paper examines the ways in which entertainment media have attempted to recreate experiences which encourage the viewer to suspend disbelief and become part of a remote or recorded event. We introduce the concept of immersive television and look at some of the research, spanning many disciplines of science and art, which the ITC is conducting to explore the potential of this new medium.

  13. Bay Area Television Archive

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Created in 1982, the Bay Area Television Archive is housed in the San Francisco State University J. Paul Leonard Libraryâ??s Department of Special Collections. The Archive preserves over 4,000 hours of newsfilm, documentaries and other programs produced around the Bay Area from 1939 to 2005. This online archive contains just five films, but they are all gems. The first is a a clip of Marlon Brando and Black Panthers at a funeral in 1968 and other items include a conversation with Harvey Milk and an excerpt from the series "Blacks, Blues, Blacks.â?ť This particular vignette features Maya Angelou interviewing political activists and community members on the streets of Watts in Los Angeles.

  14. Appraising gender role portrayals in TV commercials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard H. Kolbe; Carl D. Langefeld

    1993-01-01

    The Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) was used to appraise the gender role orientations of characters appearing in prime-time television advertisements. Four hundred twenty-six college students (primarily Caucasian) rated major ad characters on the BSRI and provided perceptual judgments about the character and ad presentation. The confirmatory analysis of the psychometric properties of the BSRI indicated the appropriateness of the scale

  15. British Control of Television Advertising

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marting, Leeda P.

    1973-01-01

    A discussion of controlling quantity and quality of television advertising by looking at the approach of Britain's Independent Broadcasting Authority and deals with its possible application in the U.S. (HB)

  16. Children and Television in Malaysia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Niel, Eloise

    1978-01-01

    Television programing governed by national policy is described. The Advertising Code is noted, as are sources of foreign programs, media research agencies, and references to Malaysian media studies. (RAO)

  17. Addressable Advertising on Digital Television Vincent Dureau

    E-print Network

    Masthoff, Judith

    and hurt advertising revenues for the entire television industry. On the other hand digital technology the next 5 years. In 1965, 34 % of US adult TV viewers could name a brand advertised in the show they just combine and hurt advertising revenues for the entire Television industry, including cable. On the other

  18. Bundling and Vertical Relationships in Multichannel Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ali Yurukoglu; Nyu Stern

    Abstract I examine how banning the bundling of television channels would afiect social welfare. The central innovation in this paper is accounting for the renegotiation of supply contracts between content providers, such as ESPN and CNN, and distributors, such as Comcast and DirecTV. I flnd that banning the bundling of television channels for sale to consumers causes wholesale input costs

  19. Are Television News Programs Becoming Nothing More Than Infotainment?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicole Morell

    2007-01-01

    The money driven, have-it-done-by-yesterday world Americans live in takes no prisoners, and television news is certainly no exception. Driven by profits and struggling to keep up with the busy American with a short attention span and even shorter amount of free time, it seems broadcast television news programs have resorted to a man bites dog, blood and guts, celebrity format.

  20. Correlates of Television Viewing Among African American and Caucasian Women

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michelle L. Granner; Adel Mburia-Mwalili

    2010-01-01

    This study explores the associations between time spent watching television and physical activity, selected eating behaviors, and quality of life variables among 189 African American and Caucasian women aged 18–60 years. Data were collected via a cross-sectional, random-digit-dialed telephone survey. Seventy-two percent and 46% of women reported to “always, often, or sometimes” eating or overeating while watching television, respectively. Significant

  1. Usages of the Secondary Screen in an Interactive Television Environment: Control, Enrich, Share, and Transfer Television Content

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pablo César; Dick C. A. Bulterman; A. J. Jansen

    2008-01-01

    This paper investigates a number of techniques and services around a unifying concept: the secondary screen. Far too often\\u000a television consumption is considered a passive activity. While there are specific genres and programs that immerse the viewer\\u000a into the media experience, there are other times in which whilst watching television, people talk, scan the program guide,\\u000a record another program or

  2. British Television in the 1950's: I.T.V. and the Cult of Personality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartlett, Keith

    This paper assesses, by reference to contemporary issues of the "Radio Times" and the London edition of the "TV Times," the way in which Independent Television (ITV) separated itself from the traditional middle class attitudes typified by the British Broadcasting Company programs and, instead, expressed through its programming Americanized (i.e.,…

  3. TV Bullies

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    American Association for the Advancement of Science (; )

    2005-05-09

    Childhood bullying is an age-old problem that's drawing more and more concern from parents. A recent study identified several factors that influence a child's chance of becoming a bully. Four-year-old children who watch a lot of television are more likely to become bullies later in life. That's according to University of Washington public health professor Fred Zimmerman. The research looks at how much television influence a child's behavior. This Science Update looks at the research, which leads to the findings presented and offers links to other sources for further inquiry and a Science New York Times lesson plan geared towards grades 6-12.

  4. Pyrolysis of waste plastic crusts of televisions.

    PubMed

    Liu, Xinmin; Wang, Zhen; Xu, Dongyan; Guo, Qingjie

    2012-09-01

    The disposal of waste plastic crusts of televisions is an issue that is gaining increasing interest around the world. In this investigation, the pyrolysis and catalytic cracking of the waste television crusts mainly composed of acrylonitrile--butadiene-styrene copolymer was studied. Thermogravimetric analysis was used for initial characterization of the pyrolysis of the waste plastic, but most of the investigations were carried out using a 600 mL tubing reactor. Effects of temperature, reaction time and catalyst on the pyrolysis of the waste television crusts were investigated. The results showed that the oil yield increased with increasing temperature or with prolongation of reaction time. With increasing temperature, the generating percentage of gasoline and diesel oil increased, but the heavy oil yield decreased. Zinc oxide, iron oxide and fluid catalytic cracking catalyst (FCC catalyst) were employed to perform a series of experiments. It was demonstrated that the liquid product was markedly improved and the reaction temperature decreased 100 degrees C when FCC was used. The composition ofpyrolysis oils was analysed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and they contained 36.49% styrene, 19.72% benzenebutanenitrile, 12.1% alpha-methylstyrene and 9.69% dimethylbenzene. PMID:23240191

  5. Intelligent Liquid Crystal Display (i-LCD) for Next Generation Television Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seung-Woo Lee

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a new architecture for liquid crystal display television (LCD TV), intelligent LCD (i-LCD), which enables communication between the image processing board and the LCD panel. This allows the image processing board to change key parameters in real time, which are necessary for full LCD panel functionality. i-LCD has a serial digital interface just like a communication channel

  6. The SEAD global efficiency medal competition: accelerating market transformation for efficient televisions

    SciTech Connect

    Ravi, Kavita [US Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States)] [US Department of Energy, Washington, DC (United States); Bennich, Peter [Swedish Energy Agency (Sweden)] [Swedish Energy Agency (Sweden); Cockburn, John [Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa (Canada)] [Natural Resources Canada, Ottawa (Canada); Doi, Naoko [Institute of Energy Economics (Japan)] [Institute of Energy Economics (Japan); Garg, Sandeep [United Nations Development Programme, New York, NY (United States)] [United Nations Development Programme, New York, NY (United States); Garnaik, S.P. [ICF International (India)] [ICF International (India); Holt, Shane [Energy and Tourism, Canberra (Australia)] [Energy and Tourism, Canberra (Australia); Walker, Mike [Food and Rural Affairs (United Kingdom)] [Food and Rural Affairs (United Kingdom); Westbrook-Trenholm, Elizabeth [Natural Resources, Canada, Ottawa (Canada). Office of Energy Efficiency] [Natural Resources, Canada, Ottawa (Canada). Office of Energy Efficiency; Lising, Anna [Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (United States)] [Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (United States); Pantano, Steve [Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (United States)] [Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (United States); Khare, Amit [Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (United States)] [Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (United States); Park, Won Young [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)] [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

    2013-10-15

    The Global Efficiency Medal competition, a cornerstone activity of the Super-efficient Equipment and Appliance Deployment (SEAD) Initiative, is an awards program that encourages the production and sale of super-efficient products. SEAD is a voluntary multinational government collaboration of the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM). This winner-takes-all competition recognizes products with the best energy efficiency, guides early adopter purchasers towards the most efficient product choices and demonstrates the levels of energy efficiency achievable by commercially available and emerging technologies. The first Global Efficiency Medals were awarded to the most energy-efficient flat panel televisions; an iconic consumer purchase. SEAD Global Efficiency Medals were awarded to televisions that have proven to be substantially more energy efficient than comparable models available at the time of the competition (applications closed in the end of May 2012). The award-winning TVs consume between 33 to 44 percent less energy per 2 unit of screen area than comparable LED-backlit LCD televisions sold in each regional market and 50 to 60 percent less energy than CCFL-backlit LCD TVs. Prior to the launch of this competition, SEAD conducted an unprecedented international round-robin test (RRT) to qualify TV test laboratories to support verification testing for SEAD awards. The RRT resulted in increased test laboratory capacity and expertise around the world and ensured that the test results from participating regional test laboratories could be compared in a fair and transparent fashion. This paper highlights a range of benefits resulting from this first SEAD awards competition and encourages further investigation of the awards concept as a means to promote energy efficiency in other equipment types.

  7. The Impact of Internet and Television Use on the Reading Habits and Practices of College Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mokhtari, Kouider; Reichard, Carla A.; Gardner, Anne

    2009-01-01

    How much time do college students spend reading for recreational and academic purposes? Do Internet and television use displace or interfere with reading time? In this study, we used an innovative time-diary survey method to explore whether the time students spend on the Internet or watching television displaces time that would be spent reading…

  8. The Portrayal of Older People in Television Advertisements: A Cross-Cultural Content Analysis of the United States and South Korea

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Byoungkwan; Kim, Bong-Chul; Han, Sangpil

    2006-01-01

    A cross-cultural content analysis of 2,295 prime-time television ads--859 ads from the United States and 1,436 ads from South Korea--was conducted to examine the differences in the portrayal of older people between U.S. and Korean ads. In two countries, the underrepresentation of older people in ads was found in terms of proportions of the actual…

  9. Age, Affective Experience, and Television Use

    PubMed Central

    Depp, Colin A.; Schkade, David A.; Thompson, Wesley K.; Jeste, Dilip V.

    2010-01-01

    Background The reasons for the reportedly high use of TV watching among older adults despite its potential negative health consequences are not known. Purpose To investigate age differences in time use and affective experience in TV use in a nationally representative sample Methods Using an innovative assessment of affective experience in a nationally representative sample, several putative reasons were examined for age-related increases in TV use. A sample of 3982 Americans aged 15–98 years who were assessed using a variant of the Day Reconstruction Method, a survey method for measuring how people experience their lives, was analyzed. To understand age increases in TV use, analyses examined whether older people (1) enjoy TV more, (2) watch TV because it is less stressful than alternatives, or whether (3) TV use related to age differences in demographics, being alone, or life satisfaction. Data were collected in 2006 and analyzed in 2008–2009. Results Adults aged >65 years spent threefold more waking time watching TV than young adults. Despite this trend, older people enjoyed TV less, in contrast to stable enjoyment with other leisure activities. Older adults did not seem to experience the same stress buffering effects of watching TV as did young and middle-aged adults. This negative age-associated trend in how TV was experienced was not accounted for by demographic factors or in time spent alone. Greater TV use, but not time spent in other leisure activities, was related to lower life satisfaction. Conclusions Older adults watch more TV but enjoy it less than younger people. Awareness of this discrepancy could be useful for those developing interventions to promote reduced sedentary behaviors in older adults. PMID:20621265

  10. Personalcasting : interactive local augmentation of television programming

    E-print Network

    Bove, V. Michael

    1985-01-01

    While a videocassette recorder allows a television viewer to decouple the viewing of a television program from its broadcast, its use would be much more rewarding were it able to "understand" what it had recorded and to ...

  11. Color Television; Selections from the Journal of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Brien, Richard S., Ed.

    A collection of 27 articles from the Journal of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers (SMPTE) covers the fundamental aspects of color television technology. Introductory articles explain the basic workings of color television within the set and as perceived by the viewer. Other sections deal with: color television systems, color…

  12. Television in the Schools: Instructional Television and Educational Media Resources at the National Public Broadcasting Archives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Karen

    2008-01-01

    In 1964, in "A Guide to Instructional Television," editor Robert M. Diamond defined "educational television" as a "broad term usually applied to cultural and community broadcasting which may include some programs for in-school use" (p. 278). His definition for instructional television was "television used within the formal classroom context on any…

  13. Dual Audio TV Instruction: A Broadcast Experiment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Borton, Terry; And Others

    An experiment assessed the potential effectiveness of "dual audio television instruction" (DATI) as a mass education medium. The DATI consisted of a radio program heard by children while they watched television shows. The audio instructor did not talk when the television characters spoke, but used the "quiet" times to help with reading, define…

  14. Digital television system design study

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Huth, G. K.

    1976-01-01

    The use of digital techniques for transmission of pictorial data is discussed for multi-frame images (television). Video signals are processed in a manner which includes quantization and coding such that they are separable from the noise introduced into the channel. The performance of digital television systems is determined by the nature of the processing techniques (i.e., whether the video signal itself or, instead, something related to the video signal is quantized and coded) and to the quantization and coding schemes employed.

  15. Early childhood television viewing and adolescent behavior: the recontact study.

    PubMed

    Anderson, D R; Huston, A C; Schmitt, K L; Linebarger, D L; Wright, J C

    2001-01-01

    In this Monograph, we report the follow-up of 570 adolescents who had been studied as preschoolers in one of two separate investigations of television use. The primary goal of the study was to determine the long-term relations between preschool television viewing and adolescent achievement, behavior, and attitudes. Using a telephone interview and high school transcripts, we assessed adolescent media use; grades in English, science, and math; leisure reading; creativity; aggression; participation in extracurricular activities; use of alcohol and cigarettes; and self-image. In each domain, we tested theories emphasizing the causal role of television content (e.g., social learning, information processing) as contrasted with those theories positing effects of television as a medium, irrespective of content (e.g., time displacement, pacing, interference with language). The results provided much stronger support for content-based hypotheses than for theories emphasizing television as a medium; moreover, the patterns differed for boys and girls. Viewing educational programs as preschoolers was associated with higher grades, reading more books, placing more value on achievement, greater creativity, and less aggression. These associations were more consistent for boys than for girls. By contrast, the girls who were more frequent preschool viewers of violent programs had lower grades than those who were infrequent viewers. These associations held true after taking into account family background, other categories of preschool viewing, and adolescent media use. One hypothesis accounting for the sex differences is that early experiences, such as television viewing, have greater effects when they counteract normative developmental trends and predominant sex-typed socialization influences than when they reinforce them. Adolescents in the study used both television and print media to support ongoing interests. Television content (e.g., entertainment, sports, or world events) predicted extracurricular activities, role models, and body image. The only evidence for possible effects of television as a medium was the positive relation of total viewing to obesity for girls. The medium of television is not homogeneous or monolithic, and content viewed is more important than raw amount. The medium is not the message: The message is. PMID:11326591

  16. Family and home correlates of television viewing in 12–13 year old adolescents: The Nepean Study

    PubMed Central

    Hardy, Louise L; Baur, Louise A; Garnett, Sarah P; Crawford, David; Campbell, Karen J; Shrewsbury, Vanessa A; Cowell, Christopher T; Salmon, Jo

    2006-01-01

    Background Few young people meet television viewing guidelines. Purpose To determine the association between factors in the family and home environment and watching television, including videos and DVDs, in early adolescence. Methods Cross-sectional, self-report survey of 343 adolescents aged 12–13 years (173 girls), and their parents (338 mothers, 293 fathers). Main measures were factors in the family and home environment potentially associated with adolescents spending ? 2 hours per day in front of the television. Factors examined included family structure, opportunities to watch television/video/DVDs, perceptions of rules and regulations on television viewing, and television viewing practices. Results Two-thirds of adolescents watched ? 2 hours television per day. Factors in the family and home environment associated with adolescents watching television ? 2 hours per day include adolescents who have siblings (Adjusted Odds Ratio [95%CI] AOR = 3.0 [1.2, 7.8]); access to pay television (AOR = 2.0 [1.1, 3.7]); ate snacks while watching television (AOR = 3.1 [1.8, 5.4]); co-viewed television with parents (AOR = 2.3 [1.3, 4.2]); and had mothers who watched ? 2 hours television per day (AOR = 2.4 [1.3, 4.6]). Conclusion There are factors in the family and home environment that influence the volume of television viewed by 12–13 year olds. Television plays a central role in the family environment, potentially providing a means of recreation among families of young adolescents for little cost. Interventions which target family television viewing practices and those of parents, in particular, are more likely to be effective than interventions which directly target adolescent viewing times. PMID:16961929

  17. PROGRAM PLANNING GUIDE FOR INSTRUCTIONAL TELEVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Air Univ. Library, Maxwell AFB, AL. TV Center.

    THE BACKGROUND, USE, ORGANIZATION, EQUIPMENT, CAPABILITIES, PLANNING, AND PREPARATION FOR STUDIO TELECASTS, AND THE EVALUATION OF THE TV CENTER AT AIR UNIVERSITY WERE GIVEN. THE TV CENTER WAS ORGANIZED UNDER THE AIR UNIVERSITY (AU) LIBRARY TO PRODUCE AND DIRECT THE TELECASTS FOR THE THREE AU SCHOOLS EQUIPPED TO RECEIVE THEM. TELEVISION WAS USED TO…

  18. Role of parents in children's television viewing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Usha Abrol; N. Khan; Parul Shrivastva

    1993-01-01

    Research in other countries has shown that the impact of television on children can be controlled if programmes are watched in the presence of adults and there is suffi cient interaction and discussion. A co-viewing adult can make television viewing an active process and can facilitate learning from it. Television viewing in Indian homes has been studied to examine the

  19. Television Planning in the 1952 Eisenhower Campaign.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barkin, Steve M.

    This report of a study of the activities of a secret planning board, formed to promote the nomination of Dwight Eisenhower through the intensive use of television, concludes that the significance of television planning in the 1952 Eisenhower campaign had less to do with the outcome of the election than with the first massive use of television with…

  20. Finnish Cigarette Television Advertising and Americanization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jukka Kortti

    Americanism and the spread of television were among the most important phenomena in the Post-War Europe. Television is the medium that, more than any other, was (and is) best suited to the American image. Together with advertising, television is perhaps the most effective vehicle to transfer American consumption-centred models to non- Americans. In Finland there were better circumstances for that

  1. CATV; A History of Community Antenna Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Mary Alice Mayer

    The development of community antenna television (CATV) is traced from its beginnings in various local efforts to bring television to areas of poor reception. The history of federal, state, and municipal regulatory practices and problems are examined, and the potential applications of cable television are discussed in some detail. (JY)

  2. Culture, Ideology and Black Television Images.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staples, Robert; Jones, Terry

    1985-01-01

    Chronicles the representation of Blacks on television since the 1950s, focusing on their stereotyping as entertainers, athletes and criminals. Discusses the positive effect of the Bill Cosby Show, the negative effect of Mr. T, and television's role in reinforcing White supremacy. Also considers the impact of television on Blacks. (RDN)

  3. Television and Oracy: A Psychological Viewpoint.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noble, Grant

    Australian studies show that television assists in the socialization of immigrants, changing and shaping their self-images and perceptions of reality and fostering their interpersonal communication skills. Studies conducted to evaluate the introduction of television have found that television helps in the vocabulary development of young children.…

  4. The Use of Television in Public Examinations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Kelley

    1993-01-01

    This paper analyses the use of a television film, David Leland's Flying into the Wind, in O Level English Literature examinations in 1986. This is the first use of television material in an examination of this kind. After studying the video as part of a two?year course, candidates were shown part of the television film during the examination and asked

  5. Children and Parents in our Television Programmes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Homberg, Erentraud, Comp.

    Researchers and practitioners of commercial television met for three and a half days for an international seminar to examine the portrayal of the relations between children and parents in television programing, and the effects of television on the family unit. This report provides abstracts of the lectures by nine researchers and producers…

  6. Predictors for the Effects of Televised Executions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McEnteer, James B.

    This paper discusses the controversy that has traditionally surrounded the issue of capital punishment. When a Texas television reporter sought permission to televise the execution of a convicted murderer by lethal injection in 1983, arguments were advanced both for and against televising executions. A recent poll shows that 84% of Americans…

  7. Rescuing Reality: Viewer interpretation of Television Recreations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, David B.; Dobkin, Bethami A.

    While contemporary communication perspectives often make a distinction between reality and the televised presentation of reality, viewers may find this distinction difficult to maintain. Television is imbued with perceived objectivity. The use of recreations in popular television programming requires a reconceptualization of how viewers perceive…

  8. Television and Reading: A Research Synthesis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Neuman, Susan B.

    Drawing on communications, psychological, and educational studies, this paper examines television's influence on reading performance and school achievement. The first section of the paper reviews and synthesizes major studies dealing with the introduction of television in a community and with correlations between television use and school…

  9. Seeking Solutions to Violence on Children's Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Committee on Children's Television, San Francisco, CA.

    This document contains the transcripts from a workshop to investigate strategies to use in dealing with violence on children's television. The papers given by outside experts include: (1) "Effect of Television Violence on Children and Youth" by Michael Rothenberg, (2) "Implications of the Psychological Effects of Television Programming on Black…

  10. A REPORT ON TELEVISION IN ARMY TRAINING--EVALUATION OF "INTENSIVE" TELEVISION FOR TEACHING BASIC ELECTRICITY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KANNER, JOSEPH H.; AND OTHERS

    TO TEST THE ASSUMPTION THAT LEARNING EFFECTIVENESS VIA TV MIGHT DECLINE DUE TO LENGTHY VIEWING TIME AND FATIGUE, THIS STUDY COMPARED EFFECTS OF 38 HOURS OF CONTINUOUS TV TRAINING IN 5 DAYS WITH REGULAR CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION OVER THE SAME PERIOD. EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MINIMAL TV PRESENTATIONS THAT TRANSMIT EXISTING CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION WITH NO…

  11. “That's Not a Beer Bong, It's a Breast Pump!” Representations of Breastfeeding in Prime-Time Fictional Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine A. Foss

    2012-01-01

    Breastfeeding has been recognized as one of the key determinant in one's future health. Yet although most people are aware of the benefits, many women do not breastfeed their babies past the first few months. These low rates can be partially explained by negative cultural attitudes toward breastfeeding, which have been reinforced by media messages. This research explored representations of

  12. Television noise-reduction device

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stamps, J. C.; Gordon, B. L.

    1973-01-01

    System greatly improves signal-to-noise ratio with little or no loss in picture resolution. By storage of luminance component, which is summed with chrominance component, system performs mathematical integration of basically-repetitive television signals. Integration of signals over interval of their repetition causes little change in original signals and eliminates random noise.

  13. Dictionary of Radio and Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pannett, W. E.

    This dictionary presents definitions of both the well-established terms and many new ones that have come into use with the advances that have taken place in the fields of radio and television. In many cases extended definitions are given in order to describe briefly elementary principles and circuits, while newer and more complex devices and…

  14. Preschool Children's Comprehension of Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Robin

    A new methodology for testing preschool children's comprehension of television is described and the results of the first experiment with this method are presented. Original program material was created by filming 30 second animated stories in color and transferring them to videotape for subsequent editing and addition of sound. Thirty-five…

  15. Cable Television in Sedalia, Missouri.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lamkin, Kathryn Janel

    A field study was conducted of the status of cable television in Sedalia, Missouri. Based on interviews of city council members and staff members of Cablevision, the Sedalia cable franchise holder, the following issues were investigated: (1) subscription rates; (2) franchise negotiations; (3) quality of existing services; and (4) possible…

  16. Biometric Communication Research for Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Malik, M. F.

    Biometric communication research is defined as research dealing with the information impact of a film or television show, photographic picture, painting, exhibition, display, or any literary or functional texts or verbal stimuli on human beings, both as individuals and in groups (mass audiences). Biometric communication research consists of a…

  17. Media Training Television Department of

    E-print Network

    Carleton University

    Media Training ­ Television Department of University Communications #12;A bridging phrase helps you that needs to be addressed is... 2. ...What's even more important to discuss is... 3. ... I'd like to talk in undergraduate registration this year, new programs, the Batawa- Carleton Initiative or our new Emergency

  18. Adjective Identification in Television Advertisements

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abd Rahim, Normaliza

    2013-01-01

    Learning the Malay language has been a challenging task for foreign language learners. Learners have to learn Malay grammar structure rules in order to write simple sentences. The word choice is important in constructing a sentence. Therefore, the study focuses on the use of adjectives in television advertisements among Korean learners at Hankuk…

  19. Targeted Advertising Strategies on Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Esther Gal-Or; Mordechai Gal-Or; Jerrold H. May; William E. Spangler

    2006-01-01

    The personal video recorder (PVR) facilitates the use of targeted advertising by allowing companies to monitor television viewing behavior and to build demographic profiles of viewers from the data that are collected. Our research explores the extent to which an advertiser should allocate resources to increase the quality of its targeting. We present a game-theoretic model that extends the conventional

  20. Television Equipment for Guided Missiles

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. J. Marshall; L. Katz

    1946-01-01

    A brief history of the technical problems associated with the development of compact airborne television equipment is outlined. The system provides resolution, linearity, and stability which approaches that obtained from broadcast equipment. Technical difficulties which arose after the completion of the equipment design are described. The final solution of these and other problems resulting from its installation in guided missiles

  1. Prevalence of Infant Television Viewing and Maternal Depression Symptoms

    PubMed Central

    Anand, Vibha; Downs, Stephen M; Bauer, Nerissa S; Carroll, Aaron E.

    2014-01-01

    Background Early TV viewing has been linked with maternal depression and has adverse health effects in children. However it is not known how early TV viewing occurs. We evaluated the prevalence at which parents report television (TV) viewing for their children if asked in the first two years of life and whether TV viewing is associated with maternal depression symptoms. Methods Using a cross-sectional design, we evaluated TV viewing in children 0 – 2 years of age in 4 pediatric clinics in Indianapolis, IN between January 2011 and April 2012. Families were screened for any parental report of depression symptoms (0 – 15 months) and for parental report of TV viewing (before 2 years of age) using a computerized clinical decision support system (CDSS) linked to the patient’s electronic health record (EHR). Results There were 3,254 children in the study. By parent report 50% of children view TV by 2 months of age, 75% by 4 months of age and 90% by 2 years of age. Complete data for both TV viewing and maternal depression symptoms were available for 2,397 (74%) of children. In regression models, the odds of parental report of TV viewing increased by 27% for each additional month of child’s age (OR: 1.27, CI: 1.25 – 1.30, p < 0.001). The odds of TV viewing increased by almost half with parental report of depression symptoms (OR: 1.47, CI: 1.07 – 2.00, p = 0.016). Publicly insured children had three times the odds of TV viewing compared to children with private insurance (OR: 3.00, CI: 1.60 – 5.63, p = 0.001). Black children had almost four times the odds (OR: 3.75, CI: 2.70 – 5.21, p < 0.001) and White children had one and a half times the odds (OR: 1.55, CI: 1.04 – 2.30, p = 0.032) of TV viewing when compared to Latino children. Conclusions By parental report TV viewing occurs at a very young age in infancy, usually between 0 to 3 months and varies by insurance and race/ethnicity. Children whose parents report depression symptoms are especially at risk for early TV viewing. Like maternal depression, TV viewing poses added risks for reduced interpersonal interactions to stimulate infant development. This work suggests the need to develop early targeted developmental interventions. PMID:24633063

  2. Television Tipovers as a Significant Source of Pediatric Head Injury

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Jea; John Ragheb; Glenn Morrison

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To highlight the rising number and nature of pediatric head injuries secondary to falling television sets and correlate this with the increasing number of home TVs sold per year. Methods: National statistics for the past 10 years for the number of head traumas from falling television sets in children less than the age of 18 were obtained from the

  3. TV News – The Daily Horror?: Emotional Effects of Violent Television News

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dagmar Unz; Frank Schwab; Peter Winterhoff-Spurk

    2008-01-01

    In two studies we examined the influence of violent television news on viewers’ emotional experiences and facial expressions. In doing so, we considered formal and content aspects of news reports as well as viewers’ gratifications as independent variables. Analyses showed that violence in TV news elicits primarily negative emotions depending on the type of portrayed violence. Effects of presentation mode

  4. Marjorie Iglow Mitchell Multimedia Center Television Series List Television Series

    E-print Network

    714 dvd 1950's TV's Greatest Comedies (3 discs) 791.4575 N7144 dvd 1950's TV's Greatest Detectives (3 discs) 791.4575 N7143 dvd 1950's TV's Greatest Shows (3 discs) 791.4575 N7142 dvd 1950's TV's Greatest on Sex and the Single Life (2 discs) 791.4575 A512 dvd American Family (6 discs) 791.4575 A774 dvd

  5. 75 FR 63766 - Digital Low Power Television, Television Translator, and Television Booster Stations and Digital...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-18

    ...September 17, 2010. The full text of this document is...Acrobat.) The complete text may be purchased...should include their full name, U.S. Postal...emission mask used by full power television stations...g) introductory text to read as...

  6. Overview of FTV (free-viewpoint television)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tanimoto, Masayuki

    2010-07-01

    We have developed a new type of television named FTV (Free-viewpoint TV). FTV is the ultimate 3DTV that enables us to view a 3D scene by freely changing our viewpoints. We proposed the concept of FTV and constructed the world's first real-time system including the complete chain of operation from image capture to display. FTV is based on the rayspace method that represents one ray in real space with one point in the ray-space. We have developed ray capture, processing and display technologies for FTV. FTV can be carried out today in real time on a single PC or on a mobile player. We also realized FTV with free listening-point audio. The international standardization of FTV has been conducted in MPEG. The first phase of FTV was MVC (Multi-view Video Coding) and the second phase is 3DV (3D Video). MVC was completed in May 2009. The Blu-ray 3D specification has adopted MVC for compression. 3DV is a standard that targets serving a variety of 3D displays. The view generation function of FTV is used to decouple capture and display in 3DV. FDU (FTV Data Unit) is proposed as a data format for 3DV. FTU can compensate errors of the synthesized views caused by depth error.

  7. Regulatory axes on food advertising to children on television

    PubMed Central

    Handsley, Elizabeth; Mehta, Kaye; Coveney, John; Nehmy, Chris

    2009-01-01

    This article describes and evaluates some of the criteria on the basis of which food advertising to children on television could be regulated, including controls that revolve around the type of television programme, the type of product, the target audience and the time of day. Each of these criteria potentially functions as a conceptual device or "axis" around which regulation rotates. The article considers examples from a variety of jurisdictions around the world, including Sweden and Quebec. The article argues that restrictions centring on the time of day when a substantial proportion of children are expected to be watching television are likely to be the easiest for consumers to understand, and the most effective in limiting children's exposure to advertising. PMID:19159485

  8. Changes in the function of radio with the adoption of television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edwin B. Parker

    1960-01-01

    What happens to the other mass media when television becomes established in a community? What changes in attention habits develop among the members of the potential audiences? Most studies of these changes have been made on a pre? and post?basis, over a period of time. The present report analyzes two comparable Canadian towns, one with television, the other still without,

  9. The Function of Nonverbal Behavior in Television Reporting in the United States of America.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    von Raffler-Engel, Walburga

    This paper postulates that the television media in the United States is reflecting the country's culture-at-large. To be marketable, photojournalists adjust their nonverbal behavior to the cultural changes of the time. To prove the point, documentation culled from the Vanderbilt University Television News Archive is provided from the three major…

  10. Association between television viewing and the risk of metabolic syndrome in a community-based population

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pei-Chia Chang; Tsai-Chung Li; Ming-Tsang Wu; Chiu-Shong Liu; Chia-Ing Li; Ching-Chu Chen; Wen-Yuan Lin; Shin-Yuh Yang; Cheng-Chieh Lin

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: As a result of metabolic syndrome becoming an important issue during recent decades, many studies have explored the risk factors contributing to its development. However, less attention has been paid to the risk associated with sedentary behavior, especially television viewing. This study examined the association between television viewing time and the risk of having metabolic syndrome in a population

  11. Sexual Socialization Messages on Entertainment Television: Comparing Content Trends 1997–2002

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dale Kunkel; Kirstie M. Farrar; Keren Eyal; Erica Biely; Edward Donnerstein; Victoria Rideout

    2007-01-01

    Previous content analyses of sex on television have relied on differing measures and sampling strategies, which makes it difficult to compare patterns of sexual portrayals over time. This large-scale study (N = 2,817 programs) examines the sexual messages presented on television across both broadcast and cable channels over a 5-year period, applying identical measures to three biennial samples of program

  12. Coverage of autism spectrum disorder in the US television news: an analysis of framing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Seok Kang

    2012-01-01

    This study examined television news networks’ coverage of autism in terms of issues, sources, and personal (episodic) or social (thematic) responsibility from the framing perspective. A content analysis was conducted on television news transcripts about autism during the time period from 1990 to 2010. Results found that the top three key issues identified were personal story, child, and cause. Doctors

  13. Infant and Mother-Infant Play and the Presence of the Television

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masur, Elise Frank; Flynn, Valerie

    2008-01-01

    Forty-eight middle-class mothers answered questionnaires about their 11-through 18-month-old infants' typical television watching and interest, the frequency and duration of their independent play with toys and dyadic play with and without toys, and whether the television was typically on or not on in the room at the time. Mothers reported that…

  14. View of the earth transmitted during live television transmission Apollo 8

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1968-01-01

    This is how the surface of the moon looked from an altitude of approximately 60 miles as photographed by a television camera aboard the Apollo 8 spacecraft. This is Apollo 8's third live television transmission back to earth. At the time this picture was made, the Apollo 8 spacecraft was making its second revolution of the moon.

  15. Experimental verification of indoor TV White Space opportunity prediction model

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Evanny Obregon; Lei Shi; Javier Ferrer; Jens Zander

    2010-01-01

    Recent work has demonstrated that the underutilized spectrum in the Digital Television Bands, commonly referred to as TV White Space (TVWS), is a prime candidate for opportunistic spectrum access (OSA). However, a systematic assessment of the availability of this spectrum for secondary transmission was, until very recently, lacking. In a TVWS opportunity prediction model to estimate indoor secondary usage probability

  16. Televisions, Physicians, and Life Expectancy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Rossman, Allan

    This article, created by Allan Rossman of Dickinson College, describes a dataset on life expectancies, densities of people per television set, and densities of people per physician in various countries of the world. The example addresses correlation versus causation and data transformations. The author states that "the example has proven very useful for helping students to discover the fundamental principle that correlation does not imply causation."

  17. Future development of instructional television

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Barnett, H. J.; Denzau, A. T.; Dumolin, J. R.; Singh, J. P.

    1971-01-01

    The use of television in schools as an aid to instruction is proposed for individualized instruction, repetition for slow learners, acceleration for fast learners, and lectures from the best teachers for all students. A dedicated school district cable system, a 40 channel cable to each school and classroom, is considered. This innovation offers an opportunity for improving the quality and content of the school's instruction and for reducing the cost.

  18. RuHe ZhiDao HaiZi GuanKan DianShi (Guidelines for Family Television Viewing). ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ERIC Clearinghouse on Elementary and Early Childhood Education, Champaign, IL.

    This digest addresses problems associated with children's excessive viewing of television programs and commercials and provides suggestions to help parents guide their children's television viewing. Children who watch television 3 to 5 hours a day have little time for other activities such as play, reading, and talking with others. Excessive…

  19. Does television reflect the evolution of scientific knowledge? The case of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder coverage on French television.

    PubMed

    Bourdaa, Mélanie; Konsman, Jan Pieter; Sécail, Claire; Venturini, Tommaso; Veyrat-Masson, Isabelle; Gonon, Francois

    2015-02-01

    Biomedical findings mature from uncertain observations to validated facts. Although subsequent studies often refute initial appealing findings, newspapers privilege the latter and often fail to cover refutations. Thus, biomedical knowledge and media reporting may diverge with time. Here we investigated how French television reported on three scientific questions relative to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from 1995 to 2010: i) is ADHD mainly genetic in origin, ii) does methylphenidate treatment decrease the risk of academic underachievement, and iii) are brain imaging techniques able to reveal ADHD in individual patients? Although scientific evidence regarding these questions has evolved during these 16 years, we observed that nine out of ten TV programs broadcast between 2007 and 2010 still expressed only opinions against the current scientific consensuses. The failure of TV programs to reflect the evolution of the scientific knowledge might be related to a biased selection of medical experts. PMID:23825292

  20. The Non-Program Content of Children's Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Condry, John; And Others

    Three studies were conducted to replicate and extend research on advertisements for children on Saturday morning television, and during children's programs at other times. Resarch focused on amount and frequency of advertisements, as well as the types of products advertised. Study 1 concerned the Saturday morning time period, when children…

  1. Children's Television in Canada/La Television pour L'Enfant au Canada.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caron, Andre

    1978-01-01

    Reviews existing Canadian television networks, their hours of programing and amount of Canadian content, then focuses on programing for children including advertising regulations. Growing interest in television research on cognitive and achievement patterns is cited. (RAO)

  2. Television viewing through ages 2-5 years and bullying involvement in early elementary school

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background High television exposure time at young age has been described as a potential risk factor for developing behavioral problems. However, less is known about the effects of preschool television on subsequent bullying involvement. We examined the association between television viewing time through ages 2-5 and bullying involvement in the first grades of elementary school. We hypothesized that high television exposure increases the risk of bullying involvement. Method TV viewing time was assessed repeatedly in early childhood using parental report. To combine these repeated assessments we used latent class analysis. Four exposure classes were identified and labeled “low”, “mid-low”, “mid-high” and “high”. Bullying involvement was assessed by teacher questionnaire (n?=?3423, mean age 6.8 years). Additionally, peer/self-report of bullying involvement was obtained using a peer nomination procedure (n?=?1176, mean age 7.6 years). We examined child risk of being a bully, victim or a bully-victim (compared to being uninvolved in bullying). Results High television exposure class was associated with elevated risks of bullying and victimization. Also, in both teacher- and child-reported data, children in the high television exposure class were more likely to be a bully-victim (OR?=?2.11, 95% CI: 1.42-3.13 and OR?=?3.68, 95% CI: 1.75-7.74 respectively). However, all univariate effect estimates attenuated and were no longer statistically significant once adjusted for maternal and child covariates. Conclusions The association between television viewing time through ages 2-5 and bullying involvement in early elementary school is confounded by maternal and child socio-demographic characteristics. PMID:24520886

  3. Geometric distortions of opticommercial panoramic television systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Govorov, V. M.

    1974-01-01

    One of the problems solvable by the spaceborne television system, topographical surveying, makes high demands on image quality, particularly on the geometric distortions introduced by the television camera. It is the geometric distortions which determine measurement accuracy and, consequently, the possibility of creating reliable planetary surface maps. Comparative analysis of the different television systems capable of solving the problem showed that the requirements on quality of the transmitted images are best satisfied by television cameras with opticomechanical scanning. The design of panoramic television systems and the process of image construction by the opticomechanical camera are discussed. Results indicate that panoramic television cameras have the necessary instrumental accuracy and permit determination of the direction to objects with an error practically equal to the resolution.

  4. Falling televisions: The hidden danger for children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael G. Scheidler; Barbara L. Shultz; Laura Schall; Anix Vyas; Edward M. Barksdale

    2002-01-01

    Background\\/Purpose: The United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (USCPSC) recently has reported a significant number of injuries and deaths in the home related to televisions (TV) falling on children. To date, little is known regarding the significance of this mechanism of injury in childhood trauma. The current investigation was designed to examine the risk factors, spectrum of injuries, and operative

  5. [Children's Television Advertising Excesses and Abuses.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choate, Robert B.

    This testimony presents evidence of children's television advertising excesses and abuses. The testimony points out that the average TV-watching child sees more than 22,000 commercials a year, and that on the programs most popular with children large numbers of over-the-counter drugs and hazardous products are advertised. The history of private…

  6. NATIONAL COMPENDIUM OF TELEVISED EDUCATION. VOLUME 14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MCKUNE, LAWRENCE E., COMP., ED.

    THE COMPENDIUM CONTAINS REPORTS ON TELEVISED EDUCATION IN ALL THE STATES OF THE UNION PLUS AMERICAN SAMOA, THE CANAL ZONE, GUAM, THE MARIANA ISLANDS, PUERTO RICO, AND THE VIRGIN ISLANDS. INFORMATION IS TABULATED IN THE FIRST SECTION, "HIGHER EDUCATION," BY STATE, UNDER THE HEADINGS--NAME OF INSTITUTION AND TV STATION, COURSE TITLE AND DESIGNATION,…

  7. The Desensitization of Children to Television Violence.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cline, Victor B.; And Others

    Children with histories of high and low exposure to television (and the violence therein) were exposed to a moderately violent film. Measures of autonomic response (skin conductance and blood volume pulse amplitude) were taken before and during their exposure to the violent film. Over both measures and in another replicated study, the high TV

  8. The evolving value chain in the television industry : changes in pay TV delivery and its implications for the future

    E-print Network

    Mohan, Deepak, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2014-01-01

    This report studies the television industry in the US, and the changes that have taken place in the industry in the last decade. Specifically, it looks at episodical TV content delivery and consumption - excluding movies, ...

  9. 78 FR 27307 - Establishment of Class A TV Service and Cable Television Rate Regulation; Cost of Service Rules...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-10

    ...Number 91 (Friday, May 10, 2013)] [Rules and Regulations] [Page 27307] [FR Doc No: 2013-10981...Establishment of Class A TV Service and Cable Television Rate Regulation; Cost of Service Rules--Clarification Regarding...

  10. Television and Social Behavior; Reports and Papers, Volume II: Television and Social Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murray, John P., Ed.; And Others

    Concentrating on television and social learning, this second volume in the series of technical reports to the Surgeon General's Scientific Advisory Committee on Television and Social Behavior consists of an overview and the reports of five investigations. The studies included are: Leifer and Roberts, "Children's Responses to Television Violence";…

  11. The influence of television on cultural values -- with special reference to Third World countries.

    PubMed

    Goonasekera, A

    1987-01-01

    In focusing on the influence of television on cultural values, particularly in third world countries, the discussion covers the impact of the technology of communication on cultural values, the impact of existing, that is traditional, cultural values on television, and the impact of television programs on cultural values. It is not a problem to set up a television transmitting station in any third world country; the hardware is manufactured in developed countries and assembled in a third world country by technicians of the television manufacturing company. The key question is whether the third world country that has acquired this modern piece of technology can put it into operation run it. The operation of a modern television station calls for 3 types of professionals: engineers and technicians, television journalists and producers, and managers and administrators. Consequently, if the host country is to benefit from this transfer of technology it needs to have a community of modern professionals. Also, for a culture to successfully utilize television, it is helpful if the other media of communication are developed. In sum, at the time of the introduction of television in third world countries, such countries should possess an advanced sector of education and mass media which could form the basis for initiating the multiplier effect for which television has the potential. When introducing television to a third world country, one further needs to be aware of the impact that traditional values may have on the utilization of this medium. It can work to entrench traditional inequities in social relationships in the name of cultural uniqueness, and from the perspective of disadvantaged minority groups it could be a form of "cultural imperialism." Thus, when introducing television, the governments of these countries need to consider fostering a set of values and norms that could assist in the modernization of these countries. These should be values that promote human social development, rather than paternalistic traditional values which work to keep the uniqueness of cultural groups. The import and dissemination of television programs from foreign countries emerges as the most visible form of cultural domination. The reason for the overdependence on imported programs are the high cost of local productions, the lack of trained staff, and the lack of will and determination on the part of the management of governments of third world countries. Successful cultural assimilation of television in third world countries depends on the cultural values that it helps to develop and foster in society. PMID:12281002

  12. 29 CFR 793.16 - “Radio or television station.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...RELATED TO REGULATIONS EXEMPTION OF CERTAIN RADIO AND TELEVISION STATION EMPLOYEES FROM...Requirements for Exemption § 793.16 “Radio or television station.” The employee must be employed by a “radio or television station.” A radio or...

  13. 29 CFR 793.16 - “Radio or television station.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...RELATED TO REGULATIONS EXEMPTION OF CERTAIN RADIO AND TELEVISION STATION EMPLOYEES FROM...Requirements for Exemption § 793.16 “Radio or television station.” The employee must be employed by a “radio or television station.” A radio or...

  14. 29 CFR 793.16 - “Radio or television station.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...RELATED TO REGULATIONS EXEMPTION OF CERTAIN RADIO AND TELEVISION STATION EMPLOYEES FROM...Requirements for Exemption § 793.16 “Radio or television station.” The employee must be employed by a “radio or television station.” A radio or...

  15. 29 CFR 793.16 - “Radio or television station.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...RELATED TO REGULATIONS EXEMPTION OF CERTAIN RADIO AND TELEVISION STATION EMPLOYEES FROM...Requirements for Exemption § 793.16 “Radio or television station.” The employee must be employed by a “radio or television station.” A radio or...

  16. 29 CFR 793.16 - “Radio or television station.”

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...RELATED TO REGULATIONS EXEMPTION OF CERTAIN RADIO AND TELEVISION STATION EMPLOYEES FROM...Requirements for Exemption § 793.16 “Radio or television station.” The employee must be employed by a “radio or television station.” A radio or...

  17. Sexual Content of Television Commercials Watched by Early Adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carol J. Pardun; Kathy Roberts Forde

    When Justin Timberlake ripped Janet Jackson's bodice, exposing her breast during the MTV-produced Super Bowl half-time show in 2004, parents, ed- ucators, and network executives entered into a heated debate about appro- priate content for national network television. Comments typically ranged from outrage to a simple shrug; the concern generally centered on younger viewers who were unwittingly exposed to the

  18. Educating the Consumer of Television: An Interactive Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Splaine, John; Splaine, Pam

    Incorporating skills and procedures which students can use in many areas of the curriculum, this book, and accompanying "teacher's guide," provides interactive activities that are fun and that help students in grades 4 through 12 become critical viewers of television. The book provides homework activities that turn the normally wasted time

  19. Television animation store: Control system operation and implementation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kirby, D. G.

    1988-05-01

    Described is the computer control system of the electronic rostrum camera animation system developed to enable picture sequences to be generated directly as television signals, instead of using cine film. The ergonomics of the control system are described, together with some of the more demanding aspects of its implementation, which allow complex animated sequences to be generated and replayed in real time.

  20. Sexual Socialization Messages on Television Programs Most Popular Among Teens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Keren Eyal; Dale Kunkel; Erica N. Biely; Keli L. Finnerty

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the portrayal of sexual messages in the top 20 most popular television programs among teenagers in the United States. It compares findings from the 2001–2002 and 2004–2005 seasons. Results show that these programs contained a large number of sexual messages, though their frequency decreased over time. Most messages about sex were in the form of conversations. About

  1. Gratifications and Motivations of Television Viewing for British Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Bradley S.

    Although previous research has attempted to encompass such overlapping concepts as needs, functions, motives, and gratifications obtained from mass media exposure, no serious attempt has been made to answer the question, "Why do so many people spend so much time watching television?" This project focused on obtaining motives and gratification…

  2. An Algorithm that Decides PRIMES in Polynomial Time

    E-print Network

    Morrow, James A.

    (solvable in nondeterministic polynomial time) since 1974 but it remained an open question until 2003An Algorithm that Decides PRIMES in Polynomial Time Kevin Clark June 3, 2011 Contents 1 whether it was in P (solvable in polynomial time). A simple algorithm for deciding if n is prime called

  3. 77 FR 14811 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Direct-to-Consumer Television Advertisements-the Food and Drug...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-03-13

    ...Direct-to-Consumer Television Advertisements--the Food and Drug Administration...Direct-to- Consumer Television Advertisements--FDAAA DTC Television Ad Pre...pre-dissemination review of television advertisements (TV ads) provision of the...

  4. Action for Children's Television; The First National Symposium on the Effect on Children of Television Programming and Advertising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarson, Evelyn, Comp.

    Action for Children's Television (ACT) was organized to attempt to change the nature of television (TV) for children--to persuade TV networks that children are not miniature consumers, to encourage appropriate programming for children, and to eliminate commercialism. This report of the First National Symposium of ACT presents papers of…

  5. View of the earth transmitted during live television transmission Apollo 8

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1968-01-01

    View of the earth that was transmitted back from space during the live television transmission from the Apollo 8 spacecraft on the third day of its journey toward the moon. This view is looking through a spacecraft window. At the time of this TV transmission, Apollo 8 was traveling on its translunar course at about 3,254 ft per second, and was some 176,533 miles from earth.

  6. Kaleidoscopic light feedback for television systems

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Davis, J. G.; Woods, J. M.

    1971-01-01

    Technique generates special effects for broadcast television to study effects of light feedback on television systems. Signals are produced for tape recording, broadcasting, or displaying on black-and-white or color monitors. The patterns have from three to eight sides and expand, contract, or rotate at various speeds.

  7. Children's Viewing Patterns for Television News.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Egan, Lola M.

    1978-01-01

    Reports that young children characterized as high or medium news watchers, probably watch the news with their parents, watch more as they grow older, have a fairly good idea of the scope and usefulness of television news, prefer stories about topics appearing in popular entertainment programs, and tend to see television news as being about bad or…

  8. American Television: How Mass a Medium?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pierce, Robert M.; Bell, Thomas L.

    Television is one of the most pervasive forms of communication and one of the most influential and visible forms of popular culture. Some researchers believe that the mass communication capability of television has increased cultural homogeneity in all but a very few places. This paper contends that the American, National, and Columbia…

  9. Oral Argument in Children's Television Proceeding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Choate, Robert B.

    The author advocates the outright ban of commercials from Saturday and Sunday morning television and makes several other recommendations that he believes would improve programing and reduce the hard sell of child targeted advertising. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) could form a Children's Television Broadcast Center and establish a…

  10. The Effectiveness and Targeting of Television Advertising

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ron Shachar; Bharat N. Anand

    1998-01-01

    Television networks spend about 16% of their revenues on tune-ins, which are previews or advertisements for their own shows. In this paper, we examine two questions. First, what is the informational content in advertising? Second, is this level of expenditures consistent with profit maximization? To answer these questions, we use a new and unique micro-level panel dataset on the television

  11. Local Government Uses of Cable Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cable Television Information Center, Washington, DC.

    The local government cable access channel is essentially a television station completely controlled by the local government. It differs from a local broadcast television station by being able to reach only those places which are connected to the cable system, having much less programming distribution costs, and having the capacity to deliver…

  12. TELEVISION IN THE DEMONSTRATION OF DENTAL TECHNOLOGY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Stevens

    1978-01-01

    A comparison between conventional and live television methods of demonstrating an exercise in dental technology indicated that they were equally effective as judged by grading of students' work. Students' comments suggested that the unedited television method was recieved less favourably. Their comments form a basis for discussion regarding the development of edited self?access cassettes or cartridges in preference to unedited

  13. Interactive Televised Instruction: Factors To Consider.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hall, Charles W.

    For the first 2 years of operation, the Instructional Television Services (ITS) at Mohave Community College, in Arizona, operated in a very traditional manner, utilizing two cameras and an operator at each site. To increase the efficiency of the television services, surveillance cameras were installed at sites and were operated from the district…

  14. Community Cable Television--Hungarian Perspectives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Szekfu, Andras

    This paper argues that, although community cable television is one of the most dynamic (although experimental) elements of the Hungarian media structure, it is well on its way toward institutionalization. It is suggested that whether community cable television is able to retain the spontaneity, innovativeness, and elasticity of its early days may…

  15. Compressed television transmission: A market survey

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lizak, R. M.; Cagan, L. Q.

    1981-01-01

    NASA's compressed television transmission technology is described, and its potential market is considered; a market that encompasses teleconferencing, remote medical diagnosis, patient monitoring, transit station surveillance, as well as traffic management and control. In addition, current and potential television transmission systems and their costs and potential manufacturers are considered.

  16. Design for an Interactive Television Advertising System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jong Woo Kim; Stephen Du

    2006-01-01

    The importance of information systems in the advertising industry is increasing as entertainment media incorporate functionality from new electronic technologies. Interactive television is a new entertainment medium that has the potential for enabling new paradigms of advertising. Most information systems research in the interactive television domain focuses on improving methods for choosing program content. The studies that address advertising concentrate

  17. Regulating Children's Television Advertising: Reassessing Parental Responsibility.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Leonard N.

    In response to public concern over the effects of television commercials on children, the Federal Trade Commission formulated regulatory proposals that would ban certain advertising from children's television and regulate advertising intended for the eight year old to the eleven year old age group. However, in the light of two recent research…

  18. Gender roles portrayed in Kenyan television commercials

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary W. Mwangi

    1996-01-01

    A content analysis of 105 television advertisements aired on Kenya's television networks (KBC and KTN) during an 8-week period (July and August) was carried out. Commercials were coded according to the sex of the central character, spokesperson, the nature of products\\/services presented, setting, and occupation of the central character. There were no significant differences in the proportion of women and

  19. Children's Perceptions of Television Violence: A Replication.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Bradley S.; Gordon, Thomas F.

    An earlier study (ED 048 772) sought to determine the perceptions of televised violence among pre-teen males from varying racial and socio-economic backgrounds. In this replication of the study teenage boys were used as subjects. The general method of the study was to show the boys a sequence of television vignettes, comprised of violent and…

  20. Television advertisements and children's buying behaviour

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pankaj Priya; Rajat Kanti Baisya; Seema Sharma

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – Children differ in their cognitive ability while trying to interpret television advertisements and hence form different attitudes towards them. The purpose of this paper is to analyse the impact of children's attitudes towards television advertisements on their resultant buying behaviour. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The research has been based on exploratory and descriptive research design. Exploratory research includes a literature

  1. Television Broadcasting for Rural Development in Niger.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hukill, Mark A.

    Communications policy and planning were investigated through the Republic of Niger's television service, Tele-Sahel, a state-owned autonomous service with a mandate to provide programs for rural development. In order to understand the context within which Tele-Sahel operates, the following topics related to television broadcasting in Niger were…

  2. Television News. Revised and Enlarged Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fang, I. E.

    Television news has become the most important, believable, and even the only news source for millions of people. This book examines all the skills required by the television journalist and delves into sources of news stories, interviewing techniques, writing and editing decisions, writing style, use of camera, sound and editing equipment, and use…

  3. Modularization and Packaging of Public Television Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carey, John; And Others

    This report examines the changing relationship between public television programming and program distribution methods, and considers whether there is a need to change the design and packaging of some public television programming to respond to changes in the way the audience receives its programming as interactive cable systems, videocassettes,…

  4. Some Opportunity Costs of Television Viewing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selnow, Gary W.; Reynolds, Hal

    Interviews were conducted with 184 sixth, seventh, and eighth grade students to determine patterns of pastime activities that stand as alternatives to television viewing. In the first portion of the 35-minute interview, respondents were presented with a current daily television listing and asked to indicate which programs they normally watched. To…

  5. Broadening the discourse about martyrdom television programming

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yael Warshel

    Spring, 2009. Martyrdom programs encourage the use of violence such as suicide bombings to manage situations of political conflict, and make claims to religion as a justification for adopting such strategies. International interest in and critique of such television programs culminated in 2007 when Hamas-owned al-Aqsa Television featured a Mickey Mouse lookalike character named Farfour in its children's program, Pioneers

  6. Public Television Programming by Category: 1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katzman, Nathan; Wirt, Kenneth

    This report, part of a series of statistical surveys of public broadcasting based on data provided by licensees of the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, provides details of public-television program content for the 1976 calendar year. Chapters include discussion of definitions and categories of program content, the public television system in…

  7. AIDS Information in Children's Television Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Netzhammer, Emile C.

    A study analyzed the potential rhetorical impact of AIDS-related television programming directed at preadolescents. The four programs selected for the study were all submitted in the children's television category of the Peabody Awards competition for the 1987-1988 season. They are (1) an episode of the PBS children's documentary series "3-2-1…

  8. The Project Team in Instructional Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Bryan, Kenneth G.

    Designed for instructional television (ITV) policy makers and funders, students and their teachers in communications faculties, and ITV project team members, this manual defines the makeup of an ITV project team and the particular and essential roles played by educators and television production staff as the project develops. Advice is given on…

  9. Captioning Effects on Television News Learning.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reese, Stephen D.; Davie, William R.

    Noting that the use of captions in television newscasts has grown from simple labeling of newsmakers to more complicated titling of graphics and enumerating important points in a script, a study examined the extent to which captioning assisted viewers in learning from different types of television news stories. Subjects, 100 undergraduate…

  10. Political Television Advertising in Campaign 2000

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Airne; William L. Benoit

    2005-01-01

    Most studies of political advertising focus on presidential television spots. However, far more commercials are broadcast for other races. This study applies the functional theory of political campaign discourse to 584 television spots from presidential, gubernatorial, senatorial, house, and local races in the 2000 election. The most common functions were acclaims (67%) followed by attacks (32%) and defenses (1%). When

  11. Hypermedia Management in Television through Text Processing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caldera-Serrano, Jorge

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to describe a working routine for the analysis of audio-visual documents for serving the needs of television journalists. Design/methodology/approach: A description in the form of a synthesis is given of the process by which television information must be put at the user's disposal with a response that is both fast and…

  12. Understanding the Properties of Interactive Televised Characters

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Claxton, Laura J.; Ponto, Katelyn C.

    2013-01-01

    Children's television programming frequently uses interactive characters that appear to directly engage the viewers. These characters encourage children to answer questions and perform actions to help the characters solve problems in the televised world. Children readily engage in these interactions; however, it is unclear why they do so. To…

  13. A persuasive television remote control for the promotion of health and well-being

    E-print Network

    Nawyn, Jason Paul

    2006-01-01

    New forms of media technology that enter the home often fundamentally transform the way that people spend their time. In the present day, daily "screen time" with televisions and other entertainment systems continues to ...

  14. The time and frequency comparisons via Loran-C and National TV Network in Yugoslavia

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Markovic, Z. M.; Hajdukovic, S.

    1984-01-01

    Time comparisons were made between cesium clocks in Yugoslavia and other cesium clocks in the country by the Laboratory of Federal Bureau of Measures and Precious Metals. Regional standard frequency and time signals dissemination is over National TV network by so called active TV system. International comparisons are performed via Loran-C system and by clock transportation. The method of calculation and approximation of the time signal propagation delays is given. Settled comparison results of the cesium clocks via TV network, Loran-C, and by clock transportation are also discussed in this paper.

  15. Youth and violence on local television news in California.

    PubMed Central

    Dorfman, L; Woodruff, K; Chavez, V; Wallack, L

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study explores how local television news structures the public and policy debate on youth violence. METHODS: A content analysis was performed on 214 hours of local television news from California. Each of the 1791 stories concerning youth, violence, or both was coded and analyzed for whether it included a public health perspective. RESULTS: There were five key findings. First, violence dominated local television news coverage. Second, the specifics of particular crimes dominated coverage of violence. Third, over half of the stories on youth involved violence, while more than two thirds of the violence stories concerned youth. Fourth, episodic coverage of violence was more than five times more frequent than thematic coverage, which included links to broader social factors. Finally, only one story had an explicit public health frame. CONCLUSIONS: Local television news provides extremely limited coverage of contributing etiological factors in stories on violence. If our nation's most popular source of news continues to report on violence primarily through crime stories isolated from their social context, the chance for widespread support for public health solutions to violence will be diminished. PMID:9279266

  16. TV or not TV

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, N. D. C.; Austwick, K.

    1973-01-01

    A brief outline of some of the uses made of television in the University of Bath and a discussion of its use in the analysis and design stage of course planning, rather than detailing direct teaching application. (Author)

  17. Study of television interference by small wind turbines. Final subcontract report

    SciTech Connect

    Sengupta, D.L.; Senior, T.B.A.; Ferris, J.E.

    1983-01-01

    Electromagnetic interference to television reception caused by small wind turbines (generating about 5 kW of power) has been studied by carrying out measurements using 1/8th-scale models of small windmills in conjunction with a microwave TV system inside an anechoic chamber. Two- and three-bladed windmills with metallized and wooden blades rectangular and trapezoidal in shape were investigated. The locally available TV Channel 9 signal was received and, after up-converting its center frequency to 4.0 GHz, was used as the rf source of the microwave TV system. The television interference (TVI) results were extrapolated to give the TVI effects of the corresponding full-scale windmills at the commercial TV Channel frequencies. Generally, it was found that the two- and three-bladed machines produced similar TVI effects, the metallized blades producing stronger interference than the wooden blades. Extrapolation of the results obtained indicate that, even at the highest TV frequency, the significant TVI effects (video distortion) produced by small wind turbines will not extend out to a distance larger than about 2.5 times the rotor diameter. At lower TV frequenies (or Channel numbers) the distance will be correspondingly smaller. Within this distance, the observed effects will generally be small to negligible over most of the region except possibly in the forward interference direction.

  18. Broadcasts for a billion: the growth of commercial television in China.

    PubMed

    Schmuck, C

    1987-01-01

    At present, Chinese television reaches 35% of the population (80-90% in urban areas) and is used by the government as a source of education and information. In recognition of the potential market represented by 1.1 billions consumers, Western advertisers have commissioned elaborate market research studies. Drama, sports, news, and movies are consistently identified as the favorite type of programming among Chinese television viewers. About 75% of Beijing adults watch television daily, making the medium both an important target for advertising campaigns and a way for Westerners to influence Chinese business and government leaders. Western advertisers have tended to concentrate their investments in the more urban, affluent regions where products have the greatest likelihood of being sold. There has been a recent trend, however, toward industrial commercials, with British and French companies buying television time to promote their image as partners in China's modernization. Key to the future of commercial advertising on Chinese Television. In many provinces, local television stations have developed a unique character and portray different sociocultural values than the national channel. Outside advertisers have sometimes experienced problems with local networks that substitute local advertising without informing the network. To correct this situation, the government is enacting pro-sponsor regulations that forbid the preemption of the national channel and its advertisements. At the same time, efforts are being made to improve relationships with local television stations by either paying them a fee or airing local commercials on the national network. PMID:12342936

  19. Childhood correlates of adult TV viewing time: a 32-year follow-up of the 1970 British Cohort Study

    PubMed Central

    Smith, L; Gardner, B; Hamer, M

    2015-01-01

    Background To identify, using a longitudinal data set, parental and childhood correlates of adult television (TV) viewing time at 32-year follow-up. Method Data were derived from the 1970 British Cohort Study, a longitudinal observational study of 17?248 British people born in a single week of 1970. The present analyses incorporated data from the age 10 and 42-year surveys. When participants were aged 10?years, their mothers provided information on how often participants watched TV and played sports (never/sometimes/often), and parents’ own occupation, as well as height and weight. A health visitor objectively assessed participants’ height and weight at age 10. Thirty-two years later, when participants were aged 42?years, they reported their daily TV viewing hours (none/0?1/1<3/3<5/?5), physical activity and health status. Associations between putative childhood and parental correlates and adult TV viewing time were investigated using logistic regression. Results Valid data at both time points were available for 6188 participants. Logistic regression models showed that those who reported ‘often’ watching TV at baseline were significantly more likely to watch >3?h/days of TV at follow-up (OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.21 to 1.65), as were those whose father was from a lower socio-occupational class (intermediate, routine/manual) compared with managerial (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.14 to 2.11; OR 2.05, 95% CI 1.47 to 2.87). Body mass index (BMI) at age 10 was inversely associated with high TV in adulthood (per unit increase; OR 0.93, 95% CI 0.90 to 0.96) although fathers BMI when the child was aged 10 was positively associated with high TV in adulthood (per unit increase; OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.06). Conclusions Findings suggest that childhood TV viewing time tracks into adulthood. Parents’ health behaviours and social position appear to be associated with their children's viewing habits, which may have important implications for the direction of future policy and practice. Specifically, findings support the case for early life interventions, particularly on socioeconomic inequalities, as a way of preventing sedentary behaviour in later life. PMID:25147213

  20. [Correlations between television viewing, attitudes toward the mentally ill and psychiatric professionals, and willingness to seek therapy].

    PubMed

    Németh, Erzsébet

    2009-01-01

    This study collected data proving that the images presented on television can have a significant influence over a person's social construction of reality. Television portrayals of psychologists and psychiatrist often contribute to an unfavourable perception of mental health services. The length of TV watching and exposure to frequency of comedy and drama significantly contribute to perceptions of stigma and negative expectations about psychological services that can lead to negative attitudes and lower intentions to seek such services. Results suggest it would be helpful for the spokespeople, and professionals to convey messages that provide information about the role of therapists, function of therapy, and how to seek help. Making better use of the television to educate the public about the services they offer could directly combat some of the inaccurate information portrayed on television that may increase people's concerns about seeking professional help. Hungarians spend a huge amount of time with television watching. Publishing scientific and popular articles in Hungarian, and acceptance of TV invitation are essential. PMID:19667424

  1. Prominence of Characters on Television Program Websites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James R. Angelini; Debbie P. C. Goh; Susan Tyler Eastman; Jason A. Rosow; Tyler Dodge; Wenchang Deng; Na Zhou

    2009-01-01

    This study investigated the general distribution of gender, ethnicity, and age on broadcast TV networks' web pages and compared the distribution with on-air promotion of programs, and where possible, to U.S. Census. It also modified and tested a salience index, up to now used mainly for measuring the effectiveness of over-the-air television promotion, as a measure of character prominence on

  2. Desert Survivors: The Design and Implementation of a Television Program to Enhance Local Scientific Literacy

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jenifer C. Utz (University of Nevada School of Life Sciences)

    2007-03-01

    Description of a program to enhance science literacy in elementary school children that allows experts to reach a tremendous audience while minimizing their time commitment. The foundation of the program is a television series entitled "Desert Survivors."

  3. Analysis of logistics delivery time's influence on the gross profit of TV-shopping enterprises

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shen Yan; Nie Qing; Yuan Qing-da; Yang Xiao-yan

    2010-01-01

    Following shopping-mall and supermarket, TV-shopping has become a newly developed retailing mode, which is characterized by broad coverage, direct information transmittal and convenient buying behavior. This paper studies the logistics delivery support capability for TV-shopping business, and finds out that this new business has significant sensitivity to logistics delivery time. The influence of logistics delivery time on enterprise gross profit

  4. A universal high performance digital performance television controller

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. S. Wei; A. B. Walker; G. K. Pacey

    1990-01-01

    A novel versatile and highly integrated display controller for consumer television sets is described. The device can be easily configured to support the three major television color standards existing today. The digital television controller is designed for channel tuning and video and audio controls. Other peripheral television functions, like keypad scanning, remote infrared sensing, LED, and on-screen display, are also

  5. Blacks in the News: Television, Modern Racism and Cultural Change

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert M. Entman

    1992-01-01

    Local news may be one vehicle through which television helps, inadvertently, both to preserve and to transform cultural values. Content analysis on the evening news on four Chicago television stations over a lengthy period suggests local television responds to viewing tastes of black audiences. However, data on these Chicago television news programs suggest racism still may be indirectly encouraged by

  6. The Relation between Television Exposure and Executive Function among Preschoolers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathanson, Amy I.; Aladé, Fashina; Sharp, Molly L.; Rasmussen, Eric E.; Christy, Katheryn

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the relations between television exposure during the preschool years and the development of executive function (EF). Data were gathered from 107 parents of preschoolers who provided information on children's television viewing, background television exposure, exposure to specific televised content, and the age at which…

  7. The Television Generation: Couch Potatoes or Informed Critics?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Barbra S.

    1989-01-01

    Argues that educators must acknowledge that television has the power to elicit student empathy and that students want to understand television's power to move them. Describes three kinds of television analysis: individual detailed logs of text; group dialogue about television programing; and researched essays documenting and interpreting details…

  8. The Influence of Television on Children's Gender Role Socialization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witt, Susan D.

    2000-01-01

    Examines young children's gender role development, focusing on the impact of television viewing. Maintains that role models and imitation are extremely influential factors shaping gender-typed behavior. Identifies gender bias in television programming, including music television and commercials, and discusses gender bias in children's television

  9. Television as a Tool: Talking with Kids about TV.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chen, Milton

    Most children spend more time with media than in school and much more time with media than in meaningful conversation with their parents. Recent research demonstrates how the media act as powerful influences on children's development--on their behaviors, attitudes, language, and values--from the earliest ages. This booklet is intended to help…

  10. Television Commercials as a Lagging Social Indicator: Gender Role Stereotypes in Korean Television Advertising

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kwangok Kim; Dennis T. Lowry

    2005-01-01

    Previous studies of mass media in many countries have confirmed that images of women are stereotypical and unrealistic, particularly\\u000a in television advertising. This study was designed to analyze the representation of gender roles in Korean television advertising\\u000a and to compare the results with previous studies conducted in other countries. A sample of 878 Korean television advertisements\\u000a from the MBC network

  11. Local television news and voter support for law enforcement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jesse C. Brown II

    1987-01-01

    Television has become “the” medium of the masses in contemporary America. However, there has been very little systematic investigation\\u000a about television’s impact upon agents of political authority, such as municipal police agencies.\\u000a \\u000a This research analyzes potential linkages between voter support for local police and voter viewing habits of local television\\u000a news. The impact of television news upon voter support for

  12. Effects of exposure to television advertising for energy-dense/nutrient-poor food on children's food intake and obesity in South Korea.

    PubMed

    Lee, Bora; Kim, Hyogyoo; Lee, Soo-Kyung; Yoon, Jihyun; Chung, Sang-Jin

    2014-10-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of television food advertising on participant food intake and risk of obesity. A total of 2419 children aged 11-13?years were selected from 118 elementary schools in South Korea. All participants completed a self-administered questionnaire with questions about height, weight, television viewing times, food preferences, and food intakes. To estimate actual exposure to food advertising, we asked participants to specify the times at which they usually watched television. We then collected data on the various types of food advertisement broadcast on five different television networks during those viewing times over the course of the previous 7?months. The amount of television watched and exposure to energy-dense/nutrient-poor (EDNP) food advertising were associated with an increased risk of being overweight or obese. Exposure to television advertising for EDNP food was also significantly associated with higher EDNP food preference and intake and lower fruit and vegetable intake. However, these relationships disappeared for all foods after adjusting for the overall amount of television watched. Although it was not possible to conclude that exposure to television advertising for EDNP food was associated with an increased risk of obesity, preference for EDNP foods, or overall food intake due to the strong comprehensive effects of television viewing time, there was a reason to believe the evidence of the effects of advertising in this study. Future longitudinal studies are needed to determine the exclusive effects of exposure to television advertising for EDNP food. PMID:24996594

  13. Soft-Core in TV Time: The Political Economy of a “Cultural Trend”

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vicki Mayer

    2005-01-01

    This essay deconstructs popular notions that “sex sells” in an increasingly sexualized U.S. popular culture by examining the specific political, social, and economic forces behind the creation and expansion of Girls Gone Wild, a home video series marketed through television infomercials. The crackdown on hard-core pornography, followed by the opening of television infomercial markets, paved the way for the series’

  14. Videogames, Television Violence, and Aggression in Teenagers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dominick, Joseph R.

    1984-01-01

    Investigated relationships relative to teenagers' videogame playing, watching violent television programs, antisocial behavior, and self-esteem. Concluded that videogame playing is neither the menace critics portray it nor without possible negative consequences. (PD)

  15. Interactive Television Experiment in Reston, Virginia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Volk, John L.

    1974-01-01

    Paper describes the Reston, Virginia, interactive television demonstration. It details how the system is put together, what the results have been to date, and what the plans are for the future. (Author)

  16. The effects of mergers in broadcast television

    E-print Network

    Rainey, Mark Christopher, 1974-

    2001-01-01

    In 1999 the Federal Communications Commission decided to relax its prohibition against one firm owning two television stations in the same market. Although joint ownership was prohibited prior to 1999, evidence on the ...

  17. Public Television as a Public Good

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Campbell, David C.; Campbell, Joyce B.

    1978-01-01

    Evaluates the Station Program Cooperative (SPC) of the Public Broadcasting System (PBS) instituted in 1974 to reduce network executive's power in public television programming by using local station program managers as consumer representatives. (MH)

  18. Liquid crystal television spatial light modulators

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Liu, Hua-Kuang; Chao, Tien-Hsin

    1989-01-01

    The spatial light modulation characteristics and capabilities of the liquid crystal television (LCTV) spatial light modulators (SLMs) are discussed. A comparison of Radio Shack, Epson, and Citizen LCTV SLMs is made.

  19. Parental Mediation of Television Advertising Effects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robertson, Thomas S.

    1979-01-01

    Reviews the current research on the effects of television advertising on children and the interaction between parent and child regarding the child's consumer behavior. Suggests areas for future research. (JMF)

  20. Putting Public Television to Work for You

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Karen Barss

    2002-03-01

    Public television programs such as ZOOM, A Science Odyssey, and NOVA can be a great way to enhance the science curriculum. Suggestions for using these programs in the classroom and accessing supplemental materials, teacher's guides, and websites are provi

  1. Putting Public Television to Work for You.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barss, Karen

    2002-01-01

    Introduces PBS programs, projects, and publications including "NOVA", "ZOOM", "Evolution", "Building Big", and "A Science Odyssey". Includes suggestions on how to choose a segment of a television program and using multimedia resources. (YDS)

  2. Energy-efficient lighting system for television

    SciTech Connect

    Cawthorne, D.C.

    1989-09-21

    A light control system for a television camera which adjusts the power to lamps illuminating the camera viewing area to provide only sufficient artificial illumination necessary to keep the camera iris substantially open is described.

  3. International Space Station (ISS) External Television (TV) Camera Shutdown Investigation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kichak, Robert; Young, Eric; Pandipati, Chetty; Cooke, Robert

    2009-01-01

    In the early morning of January 15, 2006, the Stardust Sample Return Capsule (SRC) successfully delivered its precious cargo of cometary particles to the awaiting recovery team at the Utah Test and Training Range (UTTR). As the SRC entered at 12.8 km/s, the fastest manmade object to traverse the atmosphere, a team of researchers imaged the event aboard the NASA DC-8 airborne observatory. At SRC entry, the airplane was at an altitude of 11.9 km positioned within 6.4 km of the prescribed, preferred target view location. The incoming SRC was first acquired approximately 18 seconds (s) after atmospheric interface and tracked for approximately 60 s, an observation period that is roughly centered in time around predicted peak heating.

  4. A Content Analysis of Health-Related Information on Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Byrd-Bredbenner

    1998-01-01

    Television is a persuasive, powerful, and pervasive medium for disseminating information on a plethora of topics, including health and nutrition. In fact, television is consistently ranked by Americans as their primary source of nutrition information. In addition, it is widely acknowledged that events portrayed on TV influence eating and health attitudes and behaviors. To gain an understanding of the influence

  5. Minority Produced Television: Problems of Policy and Measurement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clyde, Robert W.; McDermott, Joseph T.

    1970-01-01

    The authors treat some of the special problems faced in evaluating a black-produced television series. Black-Voices was a weekly offering of KTCA-TV in Minneapolis, owned and operated by the Twin Cities Area Educational Television Corporation." (Editor)

  6. Food on young children's television in the UK

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Caroline J. Oates; Nicki Newman

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – This paper aims to identify the different types of food featured on children's television in the UK and how frequently they appear. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A content analysis of children's television across four popular UK channels (CBBC, CBeebies, CiTV, Five) was carried out in Autumn 2008. All output including programmes, advertisements, sponsorship, trailers and idents was examined for verbal

  7. Ground-Commanded Television Assembly (GCTA)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1972-01-01

    The characteristics of the Ground-Commanded Television Assembly (GCTA) are discussed. The equipment was used to provide television coverage of lunar surface explorations during Apollo 15, 16, and 17 missions. The subjects include the following; (1) yoke/faceplate qualification data, (2) elevation drive improvement program, (3) Apollo 17 thermal data, (4) equipment status, and (5) drawing status. Illustrations of the components of the assembly are provided. Tables of data are developed to show the performance of the components.

  8. Television and teens: health implications. Executive summary.

    PubMed

    Blum, R

    1990-01-01

    Throughout the study group deliberations, there were issues that cross-cut all discussions and suggestions. While the focus of the conference was on television, it is not possible to talk about television without including advertising, cable, and independent stations as well as the networks. In addition, television cannot be discussed in isolation from movies, for with VCRs and television reruns, movies are an integral part of the television scene. A second theme that transcended most discussion was a reluctance to call upon external regulatory mechanisms to control what many see as the excesses of television. There was sensitivity and concern for striking a balance between safeguarding basic freedoms, on one hand, and assuring the health and well being of the nation on the other. In terms of specific recommendations, there were some key general agreements: 1. Need for Interdisciplinary Dialog. Repeatedly, concern was voiced on how little understanding there is among and between those who are primarily concerned with the health and development of young people and those who develop programs viewed by that population.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:2307601

  9. 47 CFR 101.813 - Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. (a) Mobile television pickup...

  10. 47 CFR 101.813 - Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. (a) Mobile television pickup...

  11. 47 CFR 101.813 - Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. (a) Mobile television pickup...

  12. 47 CFR 101.813 - Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations...Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED...Remote control operation of mobile television pickup stations. (a) Mobile television pickup...

  13. Children's exposure to magnetic fields produced by U.S. television sets used for viewing programs and playing video games.

    PubMed

    Kaune, W T; Miller, M C; Linet, M S; Hatch, E E; Kleinerman, R A; Wacholder, S; Mohr, A H; Tarone, R E; Haines, C

    2000-04-01

    Two epidemiologic studies have reported increased risk of childhood leukemia associated with the length of time children watched television (TV) programs or played video games connected to TV sets. To evaluate magnetic field exposures resulting from these activities, the static, ELF, and VLF magnetic fields produced by 72 TV sets used by children to watch TV programs and 34 TV sets used to play video games were characterized in a field study conducted in Washington DC and its Maryland suburbs. The resulting TV-specific magnetic field data were combined with information collected through questionnaires to estimate the magnetic field exposure levels associated with TV watching and video game playing. The geometric means of the ELF and VLF exposure levels so calculated were 0.0091 and 0.0016 microT, respectively, for children watching TV programs and 0.023 and 0.0038 microT, respectively, for children playing video games. Geometric means of ambient ELF and VLF levels with TV sets turned off were 0.10 and 0.0027 microT, respectively. Summed over the ELF frequency range (6-3066 Hz), the exposure levels were small compared to ambient levels. However, in restricted ELF frequency ranges (120 Hz and 606-3066 Hz) and in the VLF band, TV exposure levels were comparable to or larger than normal ambient levels. Even so, the strengths of the 120 Hz or 606-3066 Hz components of TV fields were small relative to the overall ambient levels. Consequently, our results provide little support for a linkage between childhood leukemia and exposure to the ELF magnetic fields produced by TV sets. Our results do suggest that any future research on possible health effects of magnetic fields from television sets might focus on the VLF electric and magnetic fields produced by TV sets because of their enhanced ability relative to ELF fields to induce electric currents. PMID:10723021

  14. Obesogenic television food advertising to children in Malaysia: sociocultural variations

    PubMed Central

    Ng, See H.; Kelly, Bridget; Se, Chee H.; Chinna, Karuthan; Sameeha, Mohd Jamil; Krishnasamy, Shanthi; MN, Ismail; Karupaiah, Tilakavati

    2014-01-01

    Background Food advertising on television (TV) is well known to influence children's purchasing requests and models negative food habits in Western countries. Advertising of unhealthy foods is a contributor to the obesogenic environment that is a key driver of rising rates of childhood obesity. Children in developing countries are more at risk of being targeted by such advertising, as there is a huge potential for market growth of unhealthy foods concomitant with poor regulatory infrastructure. Further, in developing countries with multi-ethnic societies, information is scarce on the nature of TV advertising targeting children. Objectives To measure exposure and power of TV food marketing to children on popular multi-ethnic TV stations in Malaysia. Design Ethnic-specific popular TV channels were identified using industry data. TV transmissions were recorded for each channel from November 2012 to August 2013 (16 hr/day) for randomly selected weekdays and weekend days during normal days and repeated during school holidays (n=88 days). Coded food/beverage advertisements were grouped into core (healthy), non-core (non-healthy), or miscellaneous (unclassified) food categories. Peak viewing time (PVT) and persuasive marketing techniques were identified. Results Non-core foods were predominant in TV food advertising, and rates were greater during school holidays compared to normal days (3.51 vs 1.93 food ads/hr/channel, p<0.001). During normal days’ PVT, the ratio of non-core to core food advertising was higher (3.25 food ads/hr/channel), and this more than trebled during school holidays to 10.25 food ads/hr/channel. Popular channels for Indian children had the lowest rate of food advertising relative to other ethnic groups. However, sugary drinks remained a popular non-core product advertised across all broadcast periods and channels. Notably, promotional characters doubled for non-core foods during school holidays compared to normal days (1.91 vs 0.93 food ads/hr/channel, p<0.001). Conclusions This study highlights non-core food advertising, and predominantly sugary drinks are commonly screened on Malaysian TV channels. The majority of these sugary drinks were advertised by multinational companies, and this observation warrants regulatory attention. PMID:25141835

  15. 47 CFR 76.1630 - MVPD digital television transition notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... (a) Multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) shall...or bill notice, in the same language or languages as the bill or bill notice...television sets that receive TV programming through an antenna...

  16. 47 CFR 76.1630 - MVPD digital television transition notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... (a) Multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) shall...or bill notice, in the same language or languages as the bill or bill notice...television sets that receive TV programming through an antenna...

  17. 47 CFR 76.1630 - MVPD digital television transition notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... (a) Multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) shall...or bill notice, in the same language or languages as the bill or bill notice...television sets that receive TV programming through an antenna...

  18. 47 CFR 76.1630 - MVPD digital television transition notices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... (a) Multichannel video programming distributors (MVPDs) shall...or bill notice, in the same language or languages as the bill or bill notice...television sets that receive TV programming through an antenna...

  19. Class in daytime talk television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Beate Cersch

    1999-01-01

    Whether you are openly addicted to them, despise them, or secretly watch them, daytime TV talk shows are an integral part of American popular culture. Many people deny watching such “trash” or insist that they watch it simply for entertainment. The “trash” label accompanying these shows is revealing considering the claim made by an Oprah Winfrey Show publicist, as reported

  20. Paper remote: an augmented television guide and remote control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aseel Berglund; Erik Berglund; Anders Larsson; Magnus Bang

    2006-01-01

    The television (TV) is one of the most common entertainment devices in homes. Searching and finding TV programs is a common\\u000a task and using TV guides is one way of performing this. This paper presents three studies that are focused on examining audiences’\\u000a TV habits and TV guide usage, evaluating a new concept based on linking paper and pen with

  1. Adolescent Exposure to Food Advertising on Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa M. Powell; Glen Szczypka; Frank J. Chaloupka

    2007-01-01

    Results: The results showed that among total nonprogram content time, food-related products accounted for roughly one fifth of advertising exposure. Excluding TV promotions and public service announcements, as a proportion of all product advertising, total food-related advertising made up 26% of advertised products viewed by adolescents. By race, the proportion of advertising exposure to food products was 14% greater for

  2. PUBLIC TELEVISION, A PROGRAM FOR ACTION, REPORT AND RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE CARNEGIE COMMISSION ON EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KILLIAN, JAMES R., JR.; AND OTHERS

    THE REPORT OF THE CARNEGIE COMMISSION ON EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION PROPOSES A NON-PROFIT CORPORATION FOR PUBLIC TELEVISION TO RECEIVE AND DISBURSE PRIVATE AND GOVERNMENT FUNDS. IT RECOMMENDS INCREASED GOVERNMENT SUPPORT OF LOCAL AND NATIONAL PROGRAM PRODUCTION, NEW FACILITIES FOR LIVE-BROADCAST INTERCONNECTION, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT IN PROGRAMING…

  3. The Impact of Television Literacy: An Investigation of Narrative and Television Comprehension.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robinson, Rhonda S.

    Turner's (1980) visual literacy test for high school students and adults was adapted for use with eighth grade students. The new version was limited to questions dealing with motion media, and a half-hour "M.A.S.H." narrative television program was chosen for the focus on television production techniques and the narrative elements of the program.…

  4. Television as a Social or Solo Activity: Understanding Families' Everyday Television Viewing Patterns

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Darby Saxbe; Anthony Graesch; Marie Alvik

    2011-01-01

    Over four days, a researcher recorded the at-home activities of 30 families at 10-min intervals. Television viewing was the second most frequently observed activity for parents and the most frequently observed activity for children. Most television was watched in common areas of the home and in the presence of at least one other person, with the most common viewing configuration

  5. Defamiliarization in Television Viewing: Aesthetic and Rhetorical Modes of Experiencing Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woal, Michael B.

    The proposition advanced by media critics John Fiske and John Hartley, that television provides the experience of "defamiliarization" (the demand that viewers "negotiate" a response to the ideological frameworks that television presents), is considered by the Russian Formalist critics and the structuralists who elaborated and refined their ideas…

  6. DEVELOPING HUMAN RESOURCES FOR EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION, REPORT OF A SURVEY OF PERSONNEL IN EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BRONSON, VERNON; AND OTHERS

    A DESCRIPTION OF THE CURRENT STATUS OF PERSONNEL IN EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION EMPHASIZING THE EXTENT OF THEIR EXPERIENCE AND TRAINING WAS ASSEMBLED. THE ORGANIZATIONS CONTACTED FELL INTO FIVE MAJOR CATEGORIES--(1) COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES, (2) PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEMS, (3) STATE EDUCATION DEPARTMENTS, (4) EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION STATIONS, AND (5)…

  7. Television Watching, Diet Quality, and Physical Activity and Diabetes among Three Ethnicities in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Huffman, Fatma G.; Vaccaro, Joan A.; Exebio, Joel C.; Zarini, Gustavo G.; Katz, Timothy; Dixon, Zisca

    2012-01-01

    Diabetes is a world-wide epidemic associated with multiple environmental factors. Prolonged television viewing (TV) time has been related to increased risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes in several studies. TV viewing has been positively associated with cardiovascular disease risk factors, lower energy expenditure, over-eating high-calorie and high-fat foods. The objective of this study was to assess the associations of hours of TV viewing with dietary quality, obesity and physical activity for three ethnic minorities with and without type 2 diabetes. Diet quality and physical activity were inversely related to prolonged TV viewing. African Americans and participants with type 2 diabetes were more likely to watch more than 4 hours of TV per day as compared to their counterparts. Diet quality was inversely associated with physical activity level. Future studies are needed to establish the risk factors of prolonged TV watching in adult populations for the development of diabetes or diabetes-related complications. Although strategies to reduce TV watching have been proven effective among children, few trials have been conducted in adults. Intervention trials aimed at reducing TV viewing targeting people with type 2 diabetes may be beneficial to improve dietary quality and physical activity, which may reduce diabetes complications. PMID:22851980

  8. Receptivity to Television Fast-Food Restaurant Marketing and Obesity Among U.S. Youth

    PubMed Central

    McClure, Auden C.; Tanski, Susanne E.; Gilbert-Diamond, Diane; Adachi-Mejia, Anna M.; Li, Zhigang; Li, Zhongze; Sargent, James D.

    2013-01-01

    Background Advertisement of fast food on TV may contribute to youth obesity. Purpose The goal of the study was to use cued recall to determine whether TV fast-food advertising is associated with youth obesity. Methods A national sample of 2541 U.S. youth, aged 15–23 years, were surveyed in 2010–2011; data were analyzed in 2012. Respondents viewed a random subset of 20 advertisement frames (with brand names removed) selected from national TV fast-food restaurant advertisements (n=535) aired in the previous year. Respondents were asked if they had seen the advertisement, if they liked it, and if they could name the brand. A TV fast-food advertising receptivity score (a measure of exposure and response) was assigned; a 1-point increase was equivalent to affirmative responses to all three queries for two separate advertisements. Adjusted odds of obesity (based on self-reported height and weight), given higher TV fast-food advertising receptivity, are reported. Results The prevalence of overweight and obesity, weighted to the U.S. population, was 20% and 16%, respectively. Obesity, sugar-sweetened beverage consumption, fast-food restaurant visit frequency, weekday TV time, and TV alcohol advertising receptivity were associated with higher TV fast-food advertising receptivity (median=3.3 [interquartile range: 2.2–4.2]). Only household income, TV time, and TV fast-food advertising receptivity retained multivariate associations with obesity. For every 1-point increase in TV fast-food advertising receptivity score, the odds of obesity increased by 19% (OR=1.19, 95% CI=1.01, 1.40). There was no association between receptivity to televised alcohol advertisements or fast-food restaurant visit frequency and obesity. Conclusions Using a cued-recall assessment, TV fast-food advertising receptivity was found to be associated with youth obesity. PMID:24139768

  9. Association of television violence exposure with executive functioning and white matter volume in young adult males.

    PubMed

    Hummer, Tom A; Kronenberger, William G; Wang, Yang; Anderson, Caitlin C; Mathews, Vincent P

    2014-07-01

    Prior research has indicated that self-reported violent media exposure is associated with poorer performance on some neuropsychological tests in adolescents. This study aimed to examine the relationship of executive functioning to violent television viewing in healthy young adult males and examine how brain structure is associated with media exposure measures. Sixty-five healthy adult males (ages 18-29) with minimal video game experience estimated their television viewing habits over the past year and, during the subsequent week, recorded television viewing time and characteristics in a daily media diary. Participants then completed a battery of neuropsychological laboratory tests quantifying executive functions and underwent a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Aggregate measures of executive functioning were not associated with measures of overall television viewing (any content type) during the past week or year. However, the amount of television viewing of violent content only, as indicated by both past-year and daily diary measures, was associated with poorer scores on an aggregate score of inhibition, interference control and attention, with no relationship to a composite working memory score. In addition, violent television exposure, as measured with daily media diaries, was associated with reduced frontoparietal white matter volume. Future longitudinal work is necessary to resolve whether individuals with poor executive function and slower white matter growth are more drawn to violent programming, or if extensive media violence exposure modifies cognitive control mechanisms mediated primarily via prefrontal cortex. Impaired inhibitory mechanisms may be related to reported increases in aggression with higher media violence exposure. PMID:24836970

  10. Study of television viewing habits in children.

    PubMed

    Mukherjee, Sharmila Banerjee; Gupta, Yogita; Aneja, Satinder

    2014-11-01

    Previous studies from developing countries have reported that Television (TV) viewing, if excessive and of poor quality has a proven negative influence on child health. Indian studies on this subject are few. The present study aimed at determining TV viewing habits of children and their families as well as parental perspectives on the impact of TV on child health using a provider completed indigenously developed questionnaire in Hindi. The study group comprised of 109 children attending a government hospital who belonged predominantly to lower socio-economic strata with poor maternal literacy. It was observed that 100 % children watched excessive TV (> 2 h daily), with majority viewing unsupervised and low quality content. There were minimal parental restrictions and no active discussion regarding contents. Negative impact was found on play, hobbies, sleep hygiene and eating habits in most children. Most parents were unaware of unhealthy viewing and the associated deleterious effects. As pediatricians we need to enquire about TV viewing habits routinely and educate parents about appropriate TV viewing. PMID:24682808

  11. [Parkinson's disease in literature, cinema and television].

    PubMed

    Collado-Vázquez, Susana; Cano-de-la-Cuerda, Roberto; Carrillo, Jesús M

    2014-02-01

    INTRODUCTION. Since James Parkinson published what can be considered the first treaty on the disease that bears his name in 1817, the scientific literature on this pathology has not ceased to grow. But the illness has also been represented in literature, the cinema and on television, where the symptoms, treatment and socio-familial context of the disease have often been examined very closely. AIM. To address the cases in which Parkinson's disease appears in literature, cinema and television, as well as to reflect on the image of the condition presented in those contexts. DEVELOPMENT. We reviewed some of the most important works in the literature dealing with Parkinson's disease from any period of history and many of them were found to offer very faithful portrayals of the disease. Likewise, we also reviewed major films and TV series that sometimes offer the general public a close look at the vision and the impact of the disease on patients or their relatives. CONCLUSIONS. Literature, cinema and television have helped provide a realistic view of both Parkinson's disease and the related healthcare professionals, and there are many examples that portray the actual experiences of the patients themselves, while also highlighting the importance of healthcare and socio-familial care. PMID:24469940

  12. Dual Device User Interface Design for Ubiquitous Language Learning: Mobile Phone and Interactive Television (iTV)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sanaz Fallahkhair; Lyn Pemberton; Richard N. Griffiths

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we describe the design and development of a system that facilitates language learning from a combination of two devices, interactive television (iTV) and mobile phone. We present a number of requirements for technologies to support informal language learning based on theories of language learning, theories of formal and informal learning, our own studies of adult language learners

  13. Nutritional imbalance endorsed by televised food advertisements.

    PubMed

    Mink, Michael; Evans, Alexandra; Moore, Charity G; Calderon, Kristine S; Deger, Shannon

    2010-06-01

    The ubiquity of television in American culture makes it a potential contributor to the obesogenic (obesity-causing) environment. Televised food advertisements, which encourage viewers to eat the foods promoted for sale, constitute a de facto set of dietary endorsements. The purpose of this study was to compare the nutritional content of food choices endorsed on television to nutritional guidelines. Using a cross-sectional design, food advertisements were observed during 84 hours of primetime and 12 hours of Saturday-morning televised broadcast during the fall of 2004. One-sample t tests were used to compare the food group servings of observed food items to the recommended daily servings and to compare the nutrient content of observed food items to the Daily Values. Results suggest that a diet consisting of observed food items would provide 2,560% of the recommended daily servings for sugars, 2,080% of the recommended daily servings for fat, 40% of the recommended daily servings for vegetables, 32% of the recommended daily servings for dairy, and 27% of the recommended daily servings for fruits. The same diet would substantially oversupply protein, total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium, while substantially undersupplying carbohydrates, fiber, vitamins A, E, and D, pantothenic acid, iron, phosphorous, calcium, magnesium, copper, and potassium. Overall, the food choices endorsed on television fail to meet nutrition guidelines and encourage nutritional imbalance. PMID:20497780

  14. Watching sport on television, physical activity, and risk of obesity in older adults

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Television (TV) viewing has been associated with obesity although the effects of specific TV content on health and other behaviours remains unknown. We examined the association between watching sport on TV, physical activity levels, and risk of obesity. Methods We studied 6,733 (aged 64.9?±?9.2 yrs) men and women from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, a prospective study of community dwelling older adults. Data were collected on self reported TV time and content, and physical activity. Nurses measured height and weight for the calculation of body mass index. Results On average, participants reported viewing TV for 5.3?±?4.1 hours per day and 30.3% of the sample watched sport on TV at least twice a week. There was no association between watching sport and physical activity levels. Participants that watched sports every day were at higher risk of obesity [odds ratio?=?1.39, 95% CI, 1.15, 1.68) after adjustment for age, sex, smoking, alcohol, physical activity, total TV time, disability, and self-rated health. Conclusions Watching elite athletes may have no role in the promotion of physical activity in older adults, which has implications for staging large sporting events with physical activity legacy promises. PMID:24400697

  15. Creating Demand for Prescription Drugs: A Content Analysis of Television Direct-to-Consumer Advertising

    PubMed Central

    Frosch, Dominick L.; Krueger, Patrick M.; Hornik, Robert C.; Cronholm, Peter F.; Barg, Frances K.

    2007-01-01

    PURPOSE American television viewers see as many as 16 hours of prescription drug advertisements (ads) each year, yet no research has examined how television ads attempt to influence consumers. This information is important, because ads may not meet their educational potential, possibly prompting consumers to request prescriptions that are clinically inappropriate or more expensive than equally effective alternatives. METHODS We coded ads shown during evening news and prime time hours for factual claims they make about the target condition, how they attempt to appeal to consumers, and how they portray the medication and lifestyle behaviors in the lives of ad characters. RESULTS Most ads (82%) made some factual claims and made rational arguments (86%) for product use, but few described condition causes (26%), risk factors (26%), or prevalence (25%). Emotional appeals were almost universal (95%). No ads mentioned lifestyle change as an alternative to products, though some (19%) portrayed it as an adjunct to medication. Some ads (18%) portrayed lifestyle changes as insufficient for controlling a condition. The ads often framed medication use in terms of losing (58%) and regaining control (85%) over some aspect of life and as engendering social approval (78%). Products were frequently (58%) portrayed as a medical breakthrough. CONCLUSIONS Despite claims that ads serve an educational purpose, they provide limited information about the causes of a disease or who may be at risk; they show characters that have lost control over their social, emotional, or physical lives without the medication; and they minimize the value of health promotion through lifestyle changes. The ads have limited educational value and may oversell the benefits of drugs in ways that might conflict with promoting population health. PMID:17261859

  16. Television Use and Self-Esteem of Blacks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tan, Alexis S.; Tan, Gerdean

    1979-01-01

    Describes a study testing the correlational relationship between television entertainment viewing and self-esteem among Blacks and Whites. Results indicate a relation between high television exposure and low self-esteem among Blacks, but not among Whites. (JMF)

  17. 47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1506 Carriage of television...The provisions of Subpart D shall apply to open video systems in accordance with the provisions...

  18. 47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1506 Carriage of television...The provisions of Subpart D shall apply to open video systems in accordance with the provisions...

  19. 47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1506 Carriage of television...The provisions of Subpart D shall apply to open video systems in accordance with the provisions...

  20. 47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1506 Carriage of television...The provisions of Subpart D shall apply to open video systems in accordance with the provisions...

  1. 47 CFR 76.1506 - Carriage of television broadcast signals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...CONTINUED) BROADCAST RADIO SERVICES MULTICHANNEL VIDEO AND CABLE TELEVISION SERVICE Open Video Systems § 76.1506 Carriage of television...The provisions of Subpart D shall apply to open video systems in accordance with the provisions...

  2. 77 FR 33997 - Television Broadcasting Services; Greenville, NC

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-08

    ...acceptance of rulemaking petitions by full power television stations requesting...accept petitions for rulemaking filed by full power television stations seeking to...and released May 25, 2012. The full text of this document is available for...

  3. Television on the Bering Strait -- The Far North.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madigan, R. J.; Peterson, W. Jack

    1977-01-01

    Describes an experiment using videotaped programing as an alternative to satellite communication for television broadcasting in an isolated Alaskan village. Discusses the impact of television generally and local control in particular on the community. (JMF)

  4. Preferred color correction for digital LCD TVs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Kyoung Tae; Kim, Choon-Woo; Ahn, Ji-Young; Kang, Dong-Woo; Shin, Hyun-Ho

    2009-01-01

    Instead of colorimetirc color reproduction, preferred color correction is applied for digital TVs to improve subjective image quality. First step of the preferred color correction is to survey the preferred color coordinates of memory colors. This can be achieved by the off-line human visual tests. Next step is to extract pixels of memory colors representing skin, grass and sky. For the detected pixels, colors are shifted towards the desired coordinates identified in advance. This correction process may result in undesirable contours on the boundaries between the corrected and un-corrected areas. For digital TV applications, the process of extraction and correction should be applied in every frame of the moving images. This paper presents a preferred color correction method in LCH color space. Values of chroma and hue are corrected independently. Undesirable contours on the boundaries of correction are minimized. The proposed method change the coordinates of memory color pixels towards the target color coordinates. Amount of correction is determined based on the averaged coordinate of the extracted pixels. The proposed method maintains the relative color difference within memory color areas. Performance of the proposed method is evaluated using the paired comparison. Results of experiments indicate that the proposed method can reproduce perceptually pleasing images to viewers.

  5. Two-way cable television project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilkens, H.; Guenther, P.; Kiel, F.; Kraus, F.; Mahnkopf, P.; Schnee, R.

    1982-02-01

    The market demand for a multiuser computer system with interactive services was studied. Mean system work load at peak use hours was estimated and the complexity of dialog with a central computer was determined. Man machine communication by broadband cable television transmission, using digital techniques, was assumed. The end to end system is described. It is user friendly, able to handle 10,000 subscribers, and provides color television display. The central computer system architecture with remote audiovisual terminals is depicted and software is explained. Signal transmission requirements are dealt with. International availability of the test system, including sample programs, is indicated.

  6. MultiFacTV: module detection from higher-order time series biological data

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Identifying modules from time series biological data helps us understand biological functionalities of a group of proteins/genes interacting together and how responses of these proteins/genes dynamically change with respect to time. With rapid acquisition of time series biological data from different laboratories or databases, new challenges are posed for the identification task and powerful methods which are able to detect modules with integrative analysis are urgently called for. To accomplish such integrative analysis, we assemble multiple time series biological data into a higher-order form, e.g., a gene × condition × time tensor. It is interesting and useful to develop methods to identify modules from this tensor. Results In this paper, we present MultiFacTV, a new method to find modules from higher-order time series biological data. This method employs a tensor factorization objective function where a time-related total variation regularization term is incorporated. According to factorization results, MultiFacTV extracts modules that are composed of some genes, conditions and time-points. We have performed MultiFacTV on synthetic datasets and the results have shown that MultiFacTV outperforms existing methods EDISA and Metafac. Moreover, we have applied MultiFacTV to Arabidopsis thaliana root(shoot) tissue dataset represented as a gene×condition×time tensor of size 2395 × 9 × 6(3454 × 8 × 6), to Yeast dataset and Homo sapiens dataset represented as tensors of sizes 4425 × 6 × 6 and 2920×14×9 respectively. The results have shown that MultiFacTV indeed identifies some interesting modules in these datasets, which have been validated and explained by Gene Ontology analysis with DAVID or other analysis. Conclusion Experimental results on both synthetic datasets and real datasets show that the proposed MultiFacTV is effective in identifying modules for higher-order time series biological data. It provides, compared to traditional non-integrative analysis methods, a more comprehensive and better view on biological process since modules composed of more than two types of biological variables could be identified and analyzed. PMID:24268038

  7. Benefits of Limiting TV

    MedlinePLUS

    ... TV listings for programs, specials, documentaries and other films that explore areas of interest to him. Use ... the National Cable Television Association (NCTA) and the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) jointly developed the “TV ...

  8. Television violence: A development of a coding scheme

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anu Mustonen; Lea Pulkkinen

    1997-01-01

    Traditional analyses have treated TV violence as a homogenous entity disregarding the nature and context of the violent acts. A new coding scheme was designed to examine the amount of violence portrayed on TV; the degree to which it is obtrusive; and the messages it conveys. The final, 37 item coding scheme is sensitive to features of televised messages whether

  9. Television Fan Theory Visualisation Aurelia Drummer, Amber Goldberg & Bee Sharwood

    E-print Network

    Kuttel, Michelle

    VIS REPORT Television Fan Theory Visualisation Aurelia Drummer, Amber Goldberg & Bee Sharwood #12 seasons of a TV series and fans become intrigued in what will happen in the different storylines. While the TV shows are airing, fans often attempt to guess the outcomes, of different plots, based on evidence

  10. The Potential Uses of Television in Preschool Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cooney, Joan Ganz

    These recommendations on the uses of open-circuit television programing for preschool children are based on a four-month survey of opinions of cognitive psychologists, educators, filmmakers, television producers, and specialists in children's entertainment. The report was written in 1967 prior to the development of the Children's Television

  11. STUDY ABROAD STUDY ABROADFOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS

    E-print Network

    Johnston, Daniel

    STUDY ABROAD STUDY ABROADFOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS #12;WHY YOU SHOULD STUDY ABROAD 2 STUDY ABROAD FOR RADIO-TELEVISION-FILM MAJORS Study abroad programs provide Radio-Television-Film majors. AFFORDABILITY Consider the real cost of studying abroad, the difference between a semester in Austin

  12. Music, Television, and Video: Historical and Aesthetic Considerations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Gary; Thompson, Robert

    Rock videos have their antecedents in film and television images, although music in films is usually background music. Television made possible the live transmission of musical numbers with visuals. The musical television commercial is an amalgam of conventions, with background music suddenly erupting into text, unheard by the characters but…

  13. High Definition Television: A New Challenge for Telecommunication Policy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hongcharu, Boonchai

    The telecommunications industry has now entered the most critical period of evolution in television technology since the introduction of color television. The transition to high definition television (HDTV), with related technologies such as semiconductors and computers, would mean a multi-billion dollar business for the telecommunications…

  14. American television in South Africa: the ranking of group identity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Russell Williams; Rochelle Williams

    1997-01-01

    Does the consumption of television programming from the United States have an influence on a sense of identity for young people in South Africa? Imported television programs are a significant portion of the broadcast programming in the country. During the second week of January 1995 36% of television content came from the US. Seventy-two matriculants from Witbank responded to a

  15. African-American Girls’ Dietary Intake while Watching Television

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donna M. Matheson; Yun Wang; Lisa M. Klesges; Bettina M. Beech; Helena C. Kraemer; Thomas N. Robinson

    2004-01-01

    Objective: Television viewing has been associated with childhood obesity, although the mechanisms that link television viewing to higher BMI have not been established. Therefore, our objectives, in this report, were to describe the amount and types of foods that African-American girls consume while watching television and to examine the associations between African-American girls’ BMI and the food they consume while

  16. Clash of the Titans: Does Internet use Reduce Television Viewing?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stan J. Liebowitz; Alejandro Zentner

    2012-01-01

    We examine the impact of the Internet on the leading American recreation activity: watching television. We run a panel regression using television viewing, Internet penetration, and socioeconomic variables for a large number of American cities starting before the birth of the Web. We find that the Internet's effect on television viewing varies by age group, reducing it by a moderate

  17. Why social work should care: Television violence and children

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bonnie A. Lazar

    1994-01-01

    There is an abundance of research on the influence of television violence on children. The convergence of research demonstrates an association between heavy viewing of violence and aggressive behavior. Despite thirty years of research, regulatory policy has failed to decrease violence on children's television. Children exposed to high rates of violence on television may be at greater risk of developing

  18. The Influence of Television on Children's Sex Typing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lipinski, Judith M.; Calvert, Sandra L.

    This paper places research findings within a social learning framework to demonstrate that television influences the development of sex typing in children. First, the presence of sex-typed content in television programming and advertising is documented. Then, the nature of children's attention to and comprehension of televised messages is…

  19. Teaching over Television. A Handbook for ITFS Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevins, C. Louis; Wright, Leslie J.

    Designed to assist California State University at Chico (CSU) faculty to utilize educational television effectively for long-distance instruction, this handbook provides suggestions, procedures, and production techniques for successful television teaching. A brief introduction discusses the interactive nature of educational television at CSU.…

  20. Non-Fiction Television: Not a Replication of Reality.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Covington, William G., Jr.

    Recent research has focused on the faulty implications emitted by factual television accounts of real events, while television news has been described as a pseudo-reality created from the ongoing flow of events. Furthermore, the convenient metaphorical language of television news often creates images of reality in such a way that the reality and…

  1. The celebrity entrepreneur on television: profile, politics and power

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Raymond Boyle; Lisa W. Kelly

    2010-01-01

    This article examines the rise of the ‘celebrity entrepreneur’ on television through the emergence of the ‘business entertainment format’ and considers the ways in which regular television exposure can be converted into political influence. Within television studies, there has been a preoccupation in recent years with how lifestyle and reality formats work to transform ‘ordinary’ people into celebrities. As a

  2. Teaching Job Interviewing Skills with the Help of Television Shows

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bloch, Janel

    2011-01-01

    Because of its potential for humor and drama, job interviewing is frequently portrayed on television. This article discusses how scenes from popular television series such as "Everybody Loves Raymond," "Friends," and "The Mary Tyler Moore Show" can be used to teach effective job interview skills in business communication courses. Television

  3. Narrow Viewing: The Vocabulary in Related Television Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodgers, Michael P. H.; Webb, Stuart

    2011-01-01

    In this study, the scripts of 288 television episodes were analyzed to determine the extent to which vocabulary reoccurs in related and unrelated television programs, and the potential for incidental vocabulary learning through watching one season (approximately 24 episodes) of television programs. The scripts consisted of 1,330,268 running words…

  4. Results of a Survey of Pupils and Teachers Regarding Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crawford, Patricia; Rapoport, Max

    To test the validity of hypotheses regarding television violence and social behavior of viewers, a survey was conducted of a large stratified sample of sixth grade and kindergarten pupils and of teachers. The student survey identified: (1) frequency with which pupils watch television; (2) parental control of television viewing; (3) family…

  5. Hot Lights and Cameras, Basic Techniques for Educational Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hub Electric Co., Inc., Chicago, IL.

    The publication is aimed at providing school administrators, architects, engineers and production personnel with useful information in the planning of educational television productions. Contents include--(1) types of educational television, (2) preliminary administrative considerations for planning a television facility, (3) architectural…

  6. Boys' Talk: Television, Masculinity and Media Education. Draft.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buckingham, David

    Drawn from a much more extensive research project about children and television, this study examined the social processes through which the meanings of television are established and negotiated. A series of small group interviews with boys aged between 8 and 12 years were conducted. Two series of interviews focused on the cartoon television series…

  7. Sexual messages on television: Comparing findings from three studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dale Kunkel; Kirstie M. Cope; Erica Biely

    1999-01-01

    Television portrayals may contribute to the sexual socialization of children and adolescents, and therefore it is important to examine the patterns of sexual content presented on television. This report presents a summary view across three related studies of sexual messages on television. The content examined ranges from programs most popular with adolescents to a comprehensive, composite week sample of shows

  8. Using the Eyes of Television: A Sourcebook for Disseminators.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sims, E. Norman

    The booklet presents guidelines for educators in the use of television to disseminate information about their schools or programs. It was designed as a supplement to the "use of television for vocational education teachers and administrators" presentation. Suggestions are offered about the right to use television, approaching the station manager,…

  9. Evaluating Non-Commercial Television: A Case Study. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adams, Paul D.

    Public television differs from commercial broadcasting in its assumptions, goals, and approaches. While commercial television seeks the largest possible audience, public television seeks to maximize the effectiveness of a program for a specific audience, not maximize the size of the audience. This study sought to provide a method for determining…

  10. Children's Rights: Television Programmes Aired in Singapore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warrier, Sheela; Ebbeck, Marjory

    2014-01-01

    This article focuses on aspects of children's rights as portrayed in television. The results of a six-month research study show analyses of television content of Channel 5, which is the only free-to-air, 24-hour, English-language entertainment channel in Singapore. The results identify the role of television in assisting Singapore to meet its…

  11. Visual Literacy: Some Lessons from Children's Television Workshop.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fowles, Barbara R.; Horner, Vivian M.

    With the pervasiveness of television, especially for children, visual literacy is a growing concern. Television should be regarded as part of a potential solution to the country's need for improved education. "Sesame Street" has proved that children do learn from television, that active interaction is not always necessary for learning, and that…

  12. WTTW-ESAA Television Pilot, "TCR '77,": Formative Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsia, Jayjia; Strand, Theresa

    Formative evaluation of the WTTW-ESAA pilot television program, ECR '77, was conducted by Educational Testing Service. The pilot program, first of a planned television series intended to facilitate the desegregation process in our nation's high schools, was produced by television station WTTW in Chicago in cooperation with student co-producer…

  13. Tuning in to Young Viewers: Social Science Perspectives on Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacBeth, Tannis M., Ed.

    Research indicates that children are especially vulnerable to the effects of television viewing. Taking a psychological, social-science perspective, this book explores how television viewing affects children. Chapter 1, "Introduction," (MacBeth) discusses the issues involved, how researchers go about studying media effects, whether television

  14. Symposium: Perspectives on Formative Evaluation of Children's Television Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1977

    Evaluators of television programing and representatives of funding agencies discussed the impact of the perceptions of funding agencies on the evaluation of children's television. Participants also examined the interplay between the objectives of the television series and the evaluation, the relationship between production and evaluation, and the…

  15. The Effect of Viewing Television Violence on Aggression.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Primavera, Louis H.; Herron, William G.; Jauier, Rafael A.

    1996-01-01

    Discusses research on the negative impact of television and movies, scientific research on television violence and aggression, laboratory research, criticisms of laboratory research, field research, correlation studies. Concludes there is no evidence that viewing television violence increases aggression in children or adults but viewing it can…

  16. Parents, Adolescents and Television: Part I. Adolescents and Television Heroes: The Perception of Social Values in Favorite Television Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tierney, Joan D.

    The social values orientation of Canadian adolescents and pre-adolescents was analyzed to determine the effects of television choice on their values. Youth were randomly selected from ethnic and non-ethnic populations in Montreal and Windsor by percentages of subgroups listed in Statistics Canada for each city. It was assumed that ethnic and…

  17. 47 CFR 15.124 - DTV transition notices by manufacturers of televisions and related devices.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...receive low power, Class A or translator television stations and with cable and satellite TV services, gaming consoles, VCRs, DVD players, and similar products. (ii) Information about the DTV transition is available from your local television...

  18. Adspots and Green Eyes: 'National' Identity in Irish TV Commercials and Other 'Marginal' Areas of Irish Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, Stephanie

    This paper discusses the relationship between national identity and the so-called "marginal" areas of Irish television, i.e., advertisements, continuity announcements, and promotional trailers. The following issues are considered: (1) how these "spaces" between television programs compare in terms of use and influence to parliamentary politics,…

  19. What Does TV Viewing Have to Do with Internet Reading?: Readers, Television "Texts", and Intertextual Links to Companion Websites

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Rachel

    2009-01-01

    A growing number of television programs direct their viewers to access an Internet website for further information on a presented topic. The explicit link between television programs and companion Internet websites, both of which communicate information through multiple modes, can be considered a form of intertextuality. Do college students…

  20. TV as Storyteller: How Exposure to Television Narratives Impacts At-Risk Preschoolers' Story Knowledge and Narrative Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Linebarger, Deborah L.; Piotrowski, Jessica Taylor

    2009-01-01

    Educational media serve as informal educators within the home by supplementing young children's development. Substantial evidence documents the contributions of educational television to preschoolers' acquisition of a variety of skills; however, television's natural capacity as storyteller and the role it plays in preschoolers' early literacy…

  1. Holographic television : measuring visual performance with holographic and other 3D television technologies

    E-print Network

    Barabas, James

    2014-01-01

    We are surrounded by visual reproductions: computer screens, photographs, televisions, and countless other technologies allow us to perceive objects and scenes that are not physically in-front of us. All existing technologies ...

  2. Mediating Relations: Therapeutic Discourse in American Prime Time Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Mimi

    Although "The Equalizer" and "Finder of Lost Loves" are different kinds of prime time fiction--urban thriller on the one hand and fantasy melodrama on the other--they share an underlying dramatic structure and symbolic problematic in their repeated enactments of a therapeutic cure overseen by a mediating, authority figure. The protagonists in both…

  3. Access to Major Events on Television under European Law

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Parrish

    2008-01-01

    Technological developments within the broadcasting sector, the emergence of more commercially minded sports governing bodies,\\u000a and an insatiable popular appetite to consume sport on television have resulted in a growing number of major sporting events\\u000a being broadcast on pay-TV rather than on a free-to-air basis. The paper explores attempts to secure public access on free-to-air\\u000a television through the provisions of

  4. Television in Education: For Which Century?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hilliard, Robert L.

    Television has been used too much as a classroom aid--practitioners have been content to pervert the new media with old, harmful uses when the new media could be used to change education. If a medium can have as great an impact upon the communicant and the communicator as does the content conveyed, then the modern media are not just tools divorced…

  5. Children's Television Workshop Quarterly Progress Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Children's Television Workshop, New York, NY.

    The quarterly report for the Children's Television Workshop (CTW) describes the major activities and accomplishments in production and research for the Sesame Street and Electric Company programs. In addition, activities in public affairs, personnel, budget, international broadcasts, CTW products, and community education services, including…

  6. Instructional Television Instructor Handbook Instructor Handbook

    E-print Network

    Karsai, Istvan

    your class while we focus on the technology necessary to conduct Interactive Television courses. Of course, there are some things you will need to be made aware of and some things that you will need to know how to operate. This handbook is designed to help acquaint you with some of the technology

  7. Instructional Television In Industry (ITVI): A Survey.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stasheff, Edward; Lavi, Aryeh

    Fifteen industrial organizations were surveyed for their use of instructional television (ITV) in their educational programs for employees. The firms surveys included Xerox Corporation, RCA Corporation, General Electric Company, International Telephone and Telegraph, Lockheed Aircraft Corporation, International Business Machines Corporation, etc.…

  8. Children's Television Advertising in the Multichannel Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunkel, Dale; Gantz, Walter

    1992-01-01

    Finds clear patterns of differences in nature and number of commercials during children's programs on three different types of television channels: broadcast networks, independent stations, and cable networks. Examines themes/appeals employed in commercials, disclosures/disclaimers used, and other content attributes. (SR)

  9. Should I Let My Child Watch Television?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bharadwaj, Balaji

    2013-01-01

    While the prevalence of autism has been increasing globally, there is a search for the causative factors behind the rise. The point of view presented here examines the possibility of children brought up in social deprivation and watching television being at higher risk for developing autistic symptoms. The association is evident in the clinical…

  10. Television, Black Americans, and the American Dream.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Herman

    1989-01-01

    Examines fictional television representations of Black middle class success in "The Cosby Show" and nonfictional representations of Black urban poverty in a CBS news documentary. Suggests that these representations operate intertextually to produce an ideology which explains both by privileging individual attributes and middle class values and by…

  11. Effects of Television Advertising on Consumer Socialization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Scott; Wackman, Daniel B.

    In this survey a sample was taken of kindergarten students, third graders, and sixth graders of both sexes and of varying socioeconomic backgrounds for the purpose of exploring their attitudes toward television commercials. Questions concerning the child's mother's attitude towards commercials, the child's cognition of commercials, and the child's…

  12. Emerging Electronic Feature Stories in Television "Magazines."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burd, Gene

    In a 2-week period, the feature stories broadcast on television "magazines" were analyzed to determine how they differed from stories in the traditional print media. Five such programs were monitored: "60 Minutes,""20/20,""NBC Magazine,""PM Magazine," and "Hour." The feature story content of these programs was compared with a composite of magazine…

  13. Television in the Lives of Nigerian Youths.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okigbo, Charles

    This paper begins with a review of the literature that addresses the broad concerns of youth and media, with particular focus on children and adolescents, then moves on to explain the purpose of this specific study, i.e., to determine the nature of Nigerian young people's access to/use of television and to the competing media of radio and…

  14. Children's Television Commercials; A Content Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winick, Charles; And Others

    The purpose of the study described in this book was to determine the content parameter of television commercials addressed to children. A total of 236 commercials were collected from advertising agencies representing cereals, candy, drinks, foods for meals, restaurants, cookies, miscellaneous, cakes, ice cream, vitamins, and crunchy snacks. Each…

  15. Television Spectacle and the Internationalization of Sport.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whannel, Garry

    1985-01-01

    Examines the dominant cultural values of sport and their global diffusion and raises questions as to the degree the process is, or can be, resisted. Argues that the growth of television and the consequent growth of sponsorship has led to a challenge to the traditional amateur paternalist sport authorities from commercial entrepreneurship. (SRT)

  16. Gendered voices in children's television advertising

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fern Johnson; Karren Young

    2002-01-01

    Televised ads for toys directed to children were examined to address two research questions: (1) Do advertisers script language differently for females and males? and (2) How is gender used as a discourse code to link products to gender roles? In a sample from 1996, 1997, and 1999, ads for boy-oriented toys outnumbered those oriented to girls. In boy-oriented ads,

  17. Gender Stereotypes in Portuguese Television Advertisements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Felix Neto; Isabel Pinto

    1998-01-01

    This study examined the portrayal of men andwomen in a sample of Portuguese television commercials,attempting to replicate and extend past investigationsdone in America, Australia, Britain, and Italy. The aim was to update Portuguese research andto compare findings across cultures. Three hundred andfour evening commercials were content analyzed by tworaters, one male and the other female, to check reliability. The attributes

  18. Gender stereotypes in Italian television advertisements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Adrian Furnham; Virginia Voli

    1989-01-01

    The present study attempted to replicate and extend American, Canadian and British studies on the portrayal of men and women in television commercials using advertisements broadcast in Italy, Three hundred and thirty?three daytime and evening commercials were content analyzed by classifying the attributes of their central figures into eleven categories: gender, mode, credibility, role, location, reward, product price, argument, background,

  19. Kids, Crime, and Local Television News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yanich, Danilo

    2005-01-01

    The vast majority of crime reporting occurs on local television news and in newspapers. Although crimes are extraordinary events, they assume an ordinariness that only daily reporting can give them. The obvious question is what does the news tell us about crime. This article compares the coverage of adult crime and the coverage of what the author…

  20. What Do Children Really See on Television?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baron, Lois J.

    Children from 3 to 14 years of age were asked questions pertaining to their understanding of such television-related characteristics as technique (zooms and edits), fantasy and reality, production source, and acting. Using semi-clinical interviews, the study assessed the kinds of thought processes characteristic of children at varying age levels…

  1. USING TELEVISION FOR INDUSTRIAL SUPERVISORY DEVELOPMENT.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SCHAEFER, CARL J.; STRONG, MERLE E.

    THE HYPOTHESIS THAT THE MEDIUM OF TELEVISION IS AN EFFECTIVE AND EFFICIENT METHOD OF PROVIDING PROGRAMS FOR SUPERVISORY DEVELOPMENT WAS TESTED. FOR NINE CONSECUTIVE WEDNESDAY EVENINGS, FOUR CLASSES OF FROM 10 TO 16 STUDENTS, SUPPLIED BY THE FOREMAN'S CLUB OF COLUMBUS, ALONG WITH FOUR UNTRAINED AND INEXPERIENCED GROUP LEADERS, WERE GIVEN…

  2. Cable Television and Educational Access: A Reconsideration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornton, Lee R.; Greene, James C.

    1986-01-01

    Considers the possible impact of recent federal legislation on educational utilization of cable television. Stresses the importance of educators understanding the law's provisions and acting to initiate relationships with cable companies. Reviews public educational or governmental access provisions. Presents strategies for promoting reciprocity…

  3. Television Commercials: Symbols, Myths and Metaphors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feasley, Florence G.

    Television commercials convey to the audience through symbols, metaphors, and myths the feelings and emotions deeply rooted in our culture. While commercials on one level are concerned with a representation of the product or service, they are on another level a symbol of a larger meaning: love, family, romance, motherhood, or hero worship. A can…

  4. Televised news coverage of global warming

    SciTech Connect

    Nitz, M.; Jarvis, S.; Kenski, H. [Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Citizens are expressing increased concern over the number and variety of environmental problems. Global warming in particular is a focus of concern for scientists and environmental groups. Such concern should naturally motivate individuals to seek information about these topics. Many people turn to the media, most usually television, for information on the nature of these problems. Consequently, this paper studied media coverage of environmental issues, specifically global warming. Television coverage was examined for: (1) the general nature of coverage, (2) biases in coverage, (3) visual images used to cover global warming, and (4) the congruity between visual and verbal messages in newscasts. Nightly newscasts from the three major American television networks were analyzed from 1993--1995 to determine the overall nature of global warming coverage since the Earth Summit in 1992. Results indicated that television news suffers from some serious inadequacies in its portrayal of global warming issues. The paper concludes by first discussing how its results intertwine with other work in the global warming and mass media field. Finally, the implications of inadequacies in media coverage for policy-makers when it comes to sound management of critical resources in this area are also discussed.

  5. Towards Postmodernist Television: INA's Audiovisual Magazine Programmes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyd-Bowman, Susan

    Over the last 10 years, French television's Institute of Audiovisual Communication (INA) has shifted from modernist to post-modernist practice in broadcasting in a series of innovative audiovisual magazine programs about communication, and in a series of longer "compilation" documentaries. The first of INA's audiovisual magazines, "Hieroglyphes,"…

  6. Research Paradigms, Television, and Social Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asamen, Joy Keiko, Ed.; Berry, Gordon L., Ed.

    Straightforward and engaging in style, this book presents 10 essays that provide concrete, step-by-step examples of how to conduct studies of the impact of television on behavior from quantitative perspectives, qualitative perspectives, and an integrated approach, making the volume useful for both undergraduate and graduate students. Its…

  7. Public Television Program Content: 1974. Advance Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katzman, Natan

    As part of a program of statistical reports on public broadcasting, a survey requested 147 public broadcasting stations to supply information about their operations during one week in 1974. Data were collected about instructional television services, "Sesame Street,""The Electric Company," general and news programing, any programs produced for a…

  8. Television, black Americans, and the American dream

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Herman Gray

    1989-01-01

    This essay examines fictional television representations of black middle class success and nonfictional representations of black urban poverty. It suggests that these representations operate intertextually to produce an ideology which explains black middle class success and urban poverty by privileging individual attributes and middle class values and by displacing social and structural factors. Jameson's notions of reification and utopia in

  9. The Television Interview: Attributes, Formats and Codes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cohen, Akiba A.

    This paper begins by identifying and discussing six attributes or characteristics of television interviews, which include the function of the interview, i.e., information or entertainment; the context within which it is presented in the program; the number of interviews and interviewees; the duration of the interview and the degree of its…

  10. Stories to Talk About; A Television Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    KTEH-TV, San Jose, CA.

    A teacher's curriculum guide presents a summary of the content of 15 film programs telecast by KTEH, an instructional television station. Objectives, pre-telecast suggestions, and followup activities are presented. These color films are suitable for grades 1-4 and are booked from Learning Corporation of America. (DS)

  11. Satellite Television and the New Indian Woman

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sheena Malhotra; Everett M. Rogers

    2000-01-01

    The article analyzes the rapid development of private satellite television in India during the 1990s and the resulting changes in the portrayals of Indian women. The primary focus in images of Indian women changed from portrayals of women as domestic housewives and mothers, to women as sexual beings who often work outside the home and who have become Westernized. Drawing

  12. Young Viewers' Responses to Television Program Ratings.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Bradley S.; Hnilo, Lynn Rampoldi; Ver Steeg, Linda

    Implementation of the first U.S. television program rating system based on identifying content that could be viewed by specific age groups began in January, 1997. This exploratory survey examined the context of how young people responded to the ratings system. Participating in the May 1997 survey were 462 students in fourth, eighth, and tenth…

  13. AMIGOS: A Television Series for Young Children.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stephens, Doris

    1989-01-01

    Describes the development, content, ancillary materials, goals, and testing and evaluation procedure of the AMIGOS educational television project. The aim of the project is to teach Spanish to students in kindergarten through second grade in schools without a qualified foreign-language teacher2 (CB)

  14. A Microwave System for Television Relaying

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Z. Millar; W. B. Suylinger

    1950-01-01

    The transmission requirements for radio relay systems for television network operation are discussed. A system designed by the Philco Corporation and employing heterodyne modulation with a SAC-19 Klystron, developed by the Sperry Gyroscope Corporation for this application, is described. Western Union has installed this equipment, which operates in the 6,000-Mc common carrier band, between New York and Philadelphia, and photographs

  15. Energy-efficient lighting system for television

    DOEpatents

    Cawthorne, Duane C. (Amarillo, TX)

    1987-07-21

    A light control system for a television camera comprises an artificial light control system which is cooperative with an iris control system. This artificial light control system adjusts the power to lamps illuminating the camera viewing area to provide only sufficient artificial illumination necessary to provide a sufficient video signal when the camera iris is substantially open.

  16. Television Production: A Classroom Approach. Instructor Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyker, Keith; Curchy, Christopher

    This text serves as a guide covering basic aspects of television production leading to complete production of video yearbooks and news shows. Each lesson is divided into eight sections: (1) objectives; (2) vocabulary; (3) lesson text, which encourages production related ideas on practical application as well as theory; (4) review questions; (5)…

  17. Interactive Television in Nursing Continuing Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fry, Carlton F.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    The use of a telemedicine system (live, color microwave television transmission with two-way auditory and visual communication capability) to teach a course in critical care nursing from an urban university medical center to staff members in rural southeastern Ohio hospitals is described. (MS)

  18. Instructional Television Facilities: A Planning Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Witherspoon, John P.; Kessler, William J.

    When planning an instructional television (ITV) system, it is suggested that educational objectives should outweigh technological considerations and that expert advice be secured before the planning process is far advanced. In line with the latter suggestion, the book offers a background of technical knowledge aimed at educational administrators…

  19. Cable Television: The Process of Franchising.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Leland L.; Botein, Michael

    In an effort to insure that cable television franchising procedures at the local level are based on a competitive and well-conceived selection process, this report discusses some of the most important steps of the franchising process. Not only does it show how the community should assess its needs and appraise the merits of the cable operator, but…

  20. State Network Utilization Study: Mississippi Educational Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Savan; And Others

    This document is the result of a utilization study of Mississippi Educational Television where 27 target audiences were identified and surveyed. The following information is included: a draft of and updated state network utilization studies; planning and management strategies; a profile of the survey populations; a distance learning survey report;…

  1. Television as a Teacher. A Research Monograph.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Coelho, George V., Ed.

    In this collection of papers, 10 social researchers and mental health specialists review and assess the state of the art in relevant areas of their expertise to provide an up-to-date and comprehensive account of the role of television as a teacher. An overview of issues, findings, and recommendations by Elizabeth J. Roberts is followed by nine…

  2. An ACLU Guide to Cable Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Powledge, Fred

    Proceeding from the hypothesis that cable television (CATV) is one of the most significant developments in modern America, this booklet examines the medium itself and then devotes special attention to the capacity of CATV to serve the First Amendment interest in diversity of expression. The opening section deals with the size and growth of cable,…

  3. The Long-Range Impact of Television.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Comstock, George

    Long range effects may be of three varieties: those which are observable in the immediate period subsequent to exposure but are long range because of their continuing repetitive accumulation with each exposure; those which represent the cumulative or delayed impact on individuals of exposure to television; or those which represent the immediate…

  4. Improvement of color reproduction by television cameras

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. V. Luriye

    1985-01-01

    Two colorimetric methods of checking and adjusting individual television cameras for accurate color reproduction are compared, namely vector measurements and comparison of signal levels in the R-G-B channels. A special color test table was prepared which is more suitable for both methods than the 0569 table or other analogous tables used in other countries. This table lists the reflection coefficients

  5. Birth of TV

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Depending on one's viewpoint, the "birth of TV" could be the best thing in human history, or merely the beginning of the cultural apocalypse. Regardless, this fascinating website takes on this momentous series of events as its starting point, and it does so through numerous clips of early television programs, insightful commentaries, and even early television guides. The BIRTH Television Archive was created from materials offered by five major European television archives, including the BBC and Osterreichischer Rundfunk. The "Library" contains links to the previously mentioned articles, which deal with the early era of television plays, the production of early television, and taboos in early television. Of course, visitors can also view several hundred clips of early television programs, read about the project's creation, and look over a multilingual thesaurus. Given the wide variety of partners working on the archive, one will not be surprised to learn that many of the materials here are available in Dutch, German, and French.

  6. Television use and food choices of children: Qualitative approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Giovanna Medeiros Rataichesck Fiates; Renata D. M. C. Amboni; Evanilda Teixeira

    2008-01-01

    This study reports the results of 12 focus group interviews with primary school students (7–10 years old, n=57) in Florianópolis, Brazil, regarding their food choices, television (TV) viewing, and physical activity habits. In 2005, an average Brazilian child aged 4–11 years watched TV almost 5h per day. Intensive TV use in childhood and adolescence may contribute to sedentarism and unhealthy

  7. Television viewing and its association with overweight in Colombian children: results from the 2005 National Nutrition Survey: A cross sectional study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luis F Gomez; Diana C Parra; Felipe Lobelo; Belen Samper; José Moreno; Enrique Jacoby; Diego I Lucumi; Sandra Matsudo; Catalina Borda

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There has been an ongoing discussion about the relationship between time spent watching television and childhood obesity. This debate has special relevance in the Latin American region were the globalization process has increased the availability of screen-based entertainment at home. The aim of this study is to examine the association between television viewing and weight status in Colombian children.

  8. A PILOT STUDY TO DETERMINE THE INFLUENCE UPON TEACHERS AND UPON STUDENTS OF A TELEVISION PROGRAM DESIGNED TO PROVIDE IN-SERVICE TRAINING AND CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION IN SPANISH.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    HOWE, ELLIOT C.

    THREE SMALL SCHOOLS IN UTAH, INCLUDING THREE TEACHERS AND THEIR SPANISH I STUDENTS, PARTICIPATED IN THIS STUDY. ONE TEACHER RECEIVED CONVENTIONAL IN-SERVICE TRAINING, THE OTHER TWO WERE GIVEN IN IN-SERVICE TRAINING IN TEACHING SPANISH AS THEY OBSERVED THE TELEVISION CLASS. ONE GROUP OF STUDENTS OBSERVED THE TELEVISION CLASS THREE TIMES PER WEEK…

  9. Trends in exposure to television food advertisements in South Korea.

    PubMed

    Han, Euna; Powell, Lisa M; Kim, Tae Hyun

    2013-03-01

    Given the increased concern about the impact of TV food advertisements (ads) on individual food choices, we provide important evidence on TV food ad exposure between 2004 and 2009 in South Korea. We used monthly targeted ratings data by age group as the number of ads seen daily from Korean Nielsen Media Research. We generated six food groups: beverages (milk, soda, fruit drinks, sports/energy drinks, water, coffee/tea products, and other); snacks/sweets (cookies/chips, candy, and chewing gum); fast food (Domino's pizza, Lotteria, McDonald's, Mr. Pizza, Pizza Hut, local chicken and pizza franchises, and other); instant noodle; full-service restaurants; and other. From 2004 to 2009, overall exposure to television food ads fell by 19.0% (from 6.8 to 5.5 ads daily), although exposure to full-service restaurant ads increased over that time period by 45.7%. While fast-food ad exposure fell overall, exposure to ads for local fried chicken franchises nearly doubled, making them the most commonly seen fast-food ads by 2009. Fast-food and instant noodle ads made up larger proportions of total ad exposure in 2009 than in 2004 in all age groups, with the largest increase among adolescents. Beverage ads continue to be the most prevalent food ads seen in South Korea. Differential trends found in exposure across and within food product categories and differences by age groups highlight the need for continued monitoring to help inform the regulatory policy debate on food advertising, particularly with regards to ads directed at children and adolescents. PMID:23108149

  10. Governance of Public Broadcasters and Television Consumption

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christine Benesch

    2010-01-01

    Recent literature emphasizes the importance of independent media for beneficial political, economic and social outcomes. I investigate how media consumers react to state ownership of TV stations and the regulation and financing of these public broadcasters. The empirical results show that a higher share of state-owned TV stations is associated with lower TV consumption, both in total and with regard

  11. The Teaching and Learning of Values Through Television

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Samaniego, Concepción Medrano; Pascual, Alejandra Cortés

    2007-01-01

    This study is based on the hypothesis that television contents themselves constitute a source of learning through television narratives. In specific terms, we defend the idea that it is possible to teach and learn values through said narratives. Some of the research dealing with the relationship between television and values is categorized from a three-fold standpoint: the contents themselves, the medium itself and the language. As a result of this review, we maintain that reiterated attacks on television, blaming it for the majority of problems suffered by young people today, are not supported by the studies carried out by psychologists over recent decades. We believe that viewers incorporate the information provided by television from different contexts and that the enculturation is not unidirectional. There is an interrelation between development contexts and messages. We are specifically interested in analyzing the implicit and explicit values underlying television contents. Thus, based on the model developed by Schwartz and Bilsky, we have compiled a questionnaire (Val-TV 0.1) with the aim of classifying values and interpreting the behaviours visualized in television texts, and relating them to adolescents' own values.

  12. Television and history: A report from the XVIIIth IAMHIST conference in Leeds, UK, 14-17 July 1999

    E-print Network

    Tibbetts, John C.; Welsh, J. M.

    2000-03-01

    and their audiences, programming now can presume to greater sophistication and higher standards of responsibility. On the other hand, while Sam Kula?s speech, ?All Talk, All the Time,? bitterly blasted the direction television tabloid journalism is taking... past-President Pierre Sorlin, from Paris, and Sam Kula from Ottawa. Pronay pointed out that a substantial increase in the last three decades in history programming on British television makes more history available to more people than ever before...

  13. Association of obesity with physical activity, television programs and other forms of video viewing among children in Mexico City

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Hernandez; S. L. Gortmaker; G. A. Colditz; K. E. Peterson; N. M. Laird; S Parra-Cabrera

    1999-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess the association of physical activity, television program viewing and other forms of video viewing with the prevalence of obesity among school children.DESIGN: Cross-sectional study.SUBJECTS: 712 children, 9–16 y old, from a low- and a middle-income town in the Mexico City area.MEASUREMENTS: Children completed a self administered questionnaire to assess time spent in physical activity and television viewing,

  14. Kanji TV

    E-print Network

    Hacker, Randi; Tsutsui, William

    2006-04-19

    Broadcast Transcript: Let the French have their Academie Francaise, in Japan they're harnessing the power of television for language quality control. The shows are called kokugo (or national language) and they were designed ...

  15. Generating Stereoscopic Television Images With One Camera

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Coan, Paul P.

    1996-01-01

    Straightforward technique for generating stereoscopic television images involves use of single television camera translated laterally between left- and right-eye positions. Camera acquires one of images (left- or right-eye image), and video signal from image delayed while camera translated to position where it acquires other image. Length of delay chosen so both images displayed simultaneously or as nearly simultaneously as necessary to obtain stereoscopic effect. Technique amenable to zooming in on small areas within broad scenes. Potential applications include three-dimensional viewing of geological features and meteorological events from spacecraft and aircraft, inspection of workpieces moving along conveyor belts, and aiding ground and water search-and-rescue operations. Also used to generate and display imagery for public education and general information, and possible for medical purposes.

  16. Television, Public Participation, and Public Service: From Value Consensus to the Politics of Identity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Lunt

    2009-01-01

    The proliferation of popular television genres in which the public are key participants (talk shows, reality TV, and makeover and lifestyle television) on the surface may seem less to do with engagement and more to do with entertainment and voyeurism. However, this article explores an alternative to the idea that popular television based on personal experience is a marker of

  17. The role of television in childhood obesity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara A. Dennison; Lynn S. Edmunds

    2008-01-01

    Childhood obesity has more than tripled in the past 30 years. Although causes are multi-factorial, television viewing has been consistently associated cross-sectionally, longitudinally, and in intervention studies to childhood obesity. The mediators explaining these relationships include increased calorie intake and poorer dietary quality, and to a lesser extent, reduced physical activity. Sophisticated marketing of high fat, high sugar, high calorie foods

  18. Image of women in television advertising

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carol L. Ferrante; Andrew M. Haynes; Sarah M. Kingsley

    1988-01-01

    Our purpose was to determine whether the manner in which women are portrayed in television advertisements has undergone significant change during the past 15 years. Replicating the 1972 study by Dominick and Rauch, a content analysis was performed on 1,480 commercials. Commercials were coded for product advertised, gender of the voice?over announcer, gender of the on?camera product representative, setting, age,

  19. Choosing television programs by family vote

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Lull

    1978-01-01

    This study investigated the nature of verbal interaction and interpersonal influence operating within middle?class Midwestern families as they selected television programs for group viewing in their homes. A task?specific Bales?type coding scheme was used to analyze the talk generated by fathers, mothers, older and younger children. Interaction structure, ability to express a preference, preference consensus, and perceptions of influence reveal

  20. Domesticating patriarchy: hegemonic masculinity and television's \\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mary Douglas Vavrus

    2002-01-01

    This essay examines television news treatments of stay-at-home dads (Mr. Moms)during the late 1990s and argues that these news accounts represent a challenge to more traditional masculine identities depicted in media. While offering a nominal challenge, however, these representations reinscribe significant aspects of patriarchal privilege within domestic space. Through a combination of discursive strategies compatible with the commercial needs of

  1. Gender Role Portrayals in Indian Television Ads

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mallika Das

    2011-01-01

    318 randomly selected television ads from India (from 2004) in three different languages (English, Hindi, and Tamil) were\\u000a content analyzed to examine both the frequency of appearance and prevalence of gender stereotypes. Results indicate that there\\u000a are more male than female central characters and voiceovers in Indian ads; stereotypical differences were also found in the\\u000a type of credibility used by

  2. Distance learning through synchronous interactive television.

    PubMed

    Hall, Janis L

    2007-01-01

    The advent and popularity of asynchronous online learning has somewhat obscured a standby technology developed over the last two decades. Interactive videoconferencing, sometimes called "interactive television," though not as glamorous and popular a topic at distance-learning conferences, is still alive and well at many institutions. Three or four years ago, many of us were led to believe that interactive television would go the way of the dinosaurs-everything would soon be in an asynchronous format or on individual desktops. There would no longer be any need for elaborately designed classrooms, networks, and operations staff. To date, this prediction has not come true. In fact, synchronous interactive television has experienced significant growth as newer, easier, and cheaper technologies allow institutions to reach more students with less resource investment. Faculty and students, while appreciating the convenience of asynchronous delivery, still express a need for synchronous communication. This article explores the issues involved in synchronous distance education, the current technologies and proposed future developments, and best practices in terms of classroom design, faculty use, and operational issues. It is not a research article but an anecdotal case study based on Washington State University's experiences over the last 20 years in developing and adapting to new synchronous technologies and creating the support and technical infrastructure to best deliver academic courses through this medium. PMID:17673784

  3. Television animation store: Recording pictures on a parallel transfer magnetic disc

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Durey, A. J.

    1984-12-01

    The recording and replaying of digital video signals using a computer-type magnetic disc-drive as part of an electronic rostrum camera animation system is described. The system was developed to enable picture sequences to be generated directly as television signals, instead of using cine film. The characteristics of the disc-drive are described together with data processing, error protection and signal synchronization systems, which enable digital television YUV component signals, sampled at 12 MHz, 4 MHz and 4 MHz respectively, to be recorded and replayed in real time.

  4. Personal Television: A Qualitative Study of Mobile TV Users in South Korea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jan Chipchase; Cui Yanqing; Younghee Jung

    This describes a qualitative user study of mobile phone TV usage undertaken during September 2005 and centered on the real world Mobile TV usage of subscribers of the recently launched live service in Seoul, South Korea. Data collection and reporting methods were optimized to inform and inspire future Nokia product development. The study identified four primary use cases: at home;

  5. Investigation of television transmission using adaptive delta modulation principles

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schilling, D. L.

    1976-01-01

    The results are presented of a study on the use of the delta modulator as a digital encoder of television signals. The computer simulation of different delta modulators was studied in order to find a satisfactory delta modulator. After finding a suitable delta modulator algorithm via computer simulation, the results were analyzed and then implemented in hardware to study its ability to encode real time motion pictures from an NTSC format television camera. The effects of channel errors on the delta modulated video signal were tested along with several error correction algorithms via computer simulation. A very high speed delta modulator was built (out of ECL logic), incorporating the most promising of the correction schemes, so that it could be tested on real time motion pictures. Delta modulators were investigated which could achieve significant bandwidth reduction without regard to complexity or speed. The first scheme investigated was a real time frame to frame encoding scheme which required the assembly of fourteen, 131,000 bit long shift registers as well as a high speed delta modulator. The other schemes involved the computer simulation of two dimensional delta modulator algorithms.

  6. CDC TV

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention TV site (CDC TV) offers up a range of videos created to provide expert commentary and news updates on a variety of health, safety, and preparedness topics. First-time visitors may wish to browse around through the Most Recent videos which include short meditations on "Healthy Snacking in Philadelphia" and "Smoke-free Multiunit Housing." The site also has topical collections that include Parents & Children and Flu. Videos range in length, but most are around 3 minutes long and a number are available in Spanish. For interested parties, the site also has some special multi-part features, including "The Story of Folic Acid Fortification."

  7. Study of the precision guided communication of digital television

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liu, Lun

    2012-04-01

    Along with the progress and development of the digital technology, there produced the transmission of the new media by medium of such as the network, mobile phones and the digital television, while among them digital TV has the superiority of other media. The appearance and development of digital TV will induce a profound change in the broadcasting and television industry chain. This paper started with discussing the transformation of digital television in profit model, mode of operation and mode of transmission to construct the precision-guided communication theory; And then analyzes the properties and marketing nature of the precision-guided communication to make the construction of the precision-guided communication marketing mode; And put forward the implementing of the precision-guided communication marketing strategies and concrete steps; At the end of the article the author summarized four conclusions.

  8. High-definition television evaluation for remote handling task performance

    SciTech Connect

    Fujita, Y.; Omori, E.; Hayashi, S.; Draper, J.V.; Herndon, J.N.

    1986-01-01

    This paper describes experiments designed to evaluate the impact of HDTV on the performance of typical remote tasks. The experiments described in this paper compared the performance of four operators using HDTV with their performance while using other television systems. The experiments included four television systems: (1) high-definition color television, (2) high-definition monochromatic television, (3) standard-resolution monochromatic television, and (4) standard-resolution stereoscopic monochromatic television. The stereo system accomplished stereoscopy by displaying two cross-polarized images, one reflected by a half-silvered mirror and one seen through the mirror. Observers wore a pair of glasses with cross-polarized lenses so that the left eye received only the view from the left camera and the right eye received only the view from the right camera.

  9. New method for face gaze detection in smart television

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lee, Won Oh; Kim, Yeong Gon; Shin, Kwang Yong; Nguyen, Dat Tien; Kim, Ki Wan; Park, Kang Ryoung; Oh, Cheon In

    2014-05-01

    Recently, gaze detection-based interfaces have been regarded as the most natural user interface for use with smart televisions (TVs). Past research conducted on gaze detection primarily used near-infrared (NIR) cameras with NIR illuminators. However, these devices are difficult to use with smart TVs; therefore, there is an increasing need for gaze-detection technology that utilizes conventional (visible light) web cameras. Consequently, we propose a new gaze-detection method using a conventional (visible light) web camera. The proposed approach is innovative in the following three ways. First, using user-dependent facial information obtained in an initial calibration stage, an accurate head pose is calculated. Second, using theoretical and generalized models of changes in facial feature positions, horizontal and vertical head poses are calculated. Third, accurate gaze positions on a smart TV can be obtained based on the user-dependent calibration information and the calculated head poses by using a low-cost conventional web camera without an additional device for measuring the distance from the camera to the user. Experimental results indicate that the gaze-detection accuracy of our method on a 60-in. smart TV is 90.5%.

  10. The television broadcasting network of Chinese High Speed Railway

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wenjun Zhang; Lin Gui; Wenfeng Ma; Bo Liu; Jian Xiong

    2008-01-01

    The Chinese broadcasting industry is facing variety of booming new services since the Chinese DTTB (digital television terrestrial broadcasting) standard was finalized in August, 2006. Among all of these feasible applications, deploying TV services on the ongoing Chinese High Speed Railway is the one which has drawn much attention. However, due to the vast territory and the different landforms of

  11. Instructional Television Transmission System for the Genesee Valley Area.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown Associates, Rochester, NY.

    In the entire Genessee Valley area of New York, only two channels are available to educators. Therefore, a study was made of the feasibility of constructing a multi-channel system for the transmission of television and data signals to schools in the area. Field strength measurements were taken of the local educational broadcast signal WXXI-TV to…

  12. Television Viewing in Child Care Programs: A National Survey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dimitri A. Christakis; Michelle M. Garrison; Frederick J. Zimmerman

    2006-01-01

    Although the amount of television that young children watch at home is well-described, to date no study has examined how much television preschool children watch in day care settings. We performed a cross-sectional analysis using the Profile of Child Care Settings Study, examining predictors of television viewing in center (n = 2089) and home-based (n = 583) child care programs. On average, preschool-aged children

  13. Remote health monitoring for elderly through interactive television

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Providing remote health monitoring to specific groups of patients represents an issue of great relevance for the national health systems, because of the costs related to moving health operators, the time spent to reach remote sites, and the high number of people needing health assistance. At the same time, some assistance activities, like those related to chronical diseases, may be satisfied through a remote interaction with the patient, without a direct medical examination. Methods Moving from this considerations, our paper proposes a system architecture for the provisioning of remote health assistance to older adults, based on a blind management of a network of wireless medical devices, and an interactive TV Set Top Box for accessing health related data. The selection of TV as the interface between the user and the system is specifically targeted to older adults. Due to the private nature of the information exchanged, a certified procedure is implemented for data delivery, through the use of non conditional smart cards. All these functions may be accomplished through a proper design of the system management, and a suitable interactive application. Results The interactive application acting as the interface between the user and the system on the TV monitor has been evaluated able to help readability and clear understanding of the contents and functions proposed. Thanks to the limited amount of data to transfer, even a Set Top Box equipped with a traditional PSTN modem may be used to support the proposed service at a basic level; more advanced features, like audio/video connection, may be activated if the Set Top Box enables a broadband connection (e.g. ADSL). Conclusions The proposed layered architecture for a remote health monitoring system can be tailored to address a wide range of needs, according with each patient’s conditions and capabilities. The system exploits the potentialities offered by Digital Television receivers, a friendly MHP interface, and the familiar remote control, to make the service effective and easy to use also for elderly people. PMID:22908986

  14. Master Control--How Kids Can Control the Impact of TV, and Enjoy It More Than Ever! A Classroom Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    1994

    This classroom guide and "Better Viewing" guide accompany a 28-minute videotape on television literacy called "Master Control." The classroom guide explains the purpose behind the video, pointing out that "Master Control" is not about doing away with TV, but about a youngster's getting the most out of his or her TV viewing time. The guide relates…

  15. Source confusion as an explanation of cultivation: a test of the mechanisms underlying confusion of fiction with reality on television.

    PubMed

    Koolstra, Cees M

    2007-02-01

    Cultivation studies have found evidence that heavy television viewers adopt a world view congruent with how the world is portrayed in fictional television programs. An explanation is that viewers may remember fictional TV stories as realistic stories or news (fiction-to-news confusion). Until now, fiction-to-news confusion was found only if at least a week evolved between watching TV and asking viewers what was remembered. The present study conducted with a purposive sample of students and employees of a college in The Netherlands (N=96; M age = 28.6 yr., SD = 10.9) indicates that fiction-to-news confusions can also occur almost immediately after watching. In addition, whereas earlier research suggests that fiction-to-news confusions are associated with heavy viewing, i.e., more confusion when more hours per day are spent on TV viewing in leisure time, and faulty memory, the present study more specifically suggests that participants make many fiction-to-news confusions when they are exposed to relatively many fictional TV fragments that contain threatening, violent events. PMID:17450970

  16. Ongoing Lawsuit Pits University Mascot Versus Italian Television Character

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    If pressed, most people would have a difficult time drawing immediate connections between the caves and pleasant surroundings of south-central Kentucky and the sometimes chaotic world of Italian television. As of late, there is now a rather compelling connection between the two in the form of the Western Kentucky University mascot, Big Red, and a popular Italian television character, Gabibbo. The two creatures appear to bear more than a passing resemblance to each other, and the lawyers for Western Kentucky University (and the company that controls the Big Red trademark) have travelled to Italy to file suit against Mediaset, the Italian television company that produces the satirical television show "Striscia la Notizia" (which translates roughly as Stretching the News) on which Gabibbo has appeared since 1990. There is potentially quite a bit of money at stake, as Gabibbo has been a famous television character in Italy for more than a decade, and has had several chart-topping musical releases. In yet another strange turn of events for the case, this week Mediaset announced that it plans to countersue Steve Crossland (the head of the company that handles the Big Red trademark for Western Kentucky University) for defamation. Western Kentucky University may also have some potentially valuable evidence based on an interview given by Gabibbo's creator, Antonio Ricci, to the Italian magazine Novella 2000 in February 1991. In the interview Ricci noted that the idea for the lovable red giant "...began with a photo, just as happens with real adoptions. There was this mascot, his name was Big Red, who was the mascot of a basketball team in America. The team is Western Kentucky University." Regardless of this fact, it may be some time before the case is heard in Italian court, as a decision was made this Thursday to delay a preliminary hearing for one month.The first link leads to a fine piece from the New York Times business section that gives some background to the context about this ongoing trademark legal battle. The second link will take visitors to a news item from the Bowling Green (Kentucky) Daily News that talks about the journey of Big Red (and his legal team) to Rome this past week. The third link will lead visitors to an article from Newsday that describes the countersuit filed by Mediaset against the legal representatives of Western Kentucky University. The fourth link will take visitors to the Big Red webpage offered by Western Kentucky University that talks about this furry creature's numerous accolades, including standout performances in the Battle of the Mascots contests sponsored by ESPN. The fifth link will take visitors to the webpage of the tuxedo shirt-clad Gabibbo, which includes links to his songs (under the link Le canzoni). Here visitors can listen to some of his well-known numbers, including such favorites as Sirenone and Formaggi Selvaggi. After reading about the fractious world of mascots, many readers will appreciate the final link, which leads to MascotNet. At the site (devoted to the extensive world of mascots and mascot management), visitors can learn about how to become a mascot, share information about helpful props for performances at community events and arenas, and helpful techniques for working with children and motivating a crowd.

  17. 18 CFR 388.105 - Procedures for press, television, radio, and photographic coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ...all others present; (2) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...begin or resume; (3) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...Regulations pertaining to the use of television, movie and still cameras, and recording...

  18. 18 CFR 388.105 - Procedures for press, television, radio, and photographic coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...all others present; (2) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...begin or resume; (3) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...Regulations pertaining to the use of television, movie and still cameras, and recording...

  19. 18 CFR 388.105 - Procedures for press, television, radio, and photographic coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...all others present; (2) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...begin or resume; (3) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...Regulations pertaining to the use of television, movie and still cameras, and recording...

  20. 18 CFR 388.105 - Procedures for press, television, radio, and photographic coverage.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ...all others present; (2) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...begin or resume; (3) Television, movie and still cameras, and recording equipment...Regulations pertaining to the use of television, movie and still cameras, and recording...