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1

Staff Development: Eight Leadership Behaviors for Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary principals can promote staff development by adopting eight instructional leadership behaviors that promote teacher involvement, exhibit knowledge of the field, establish high standards, maintain high principal visibility, recognize achievement, and encourage change. (PGD)

Doggett, Maran

1987-01-01

2

Perceptions of Leadership Behaviors by Female Principals in North Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to investigate whether significant differences exist among the perceptions of leadership behaviors of female principals in North Carolina using Bolman and Deal's (1984) four frames (structural, human resource, political, and symbolic) for analysis. Participants consisted of 1,245 female principals from elementary,middle,…

McFadden, Cheryl; Maahs-Fladung, Cathy; Beck-Frazier, Susan; Bruckner, Kermit

2009-01-01

3

Leadership Behavior of School Principals in Relation to Teacher Stress, Satisfaction, and Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of the relationship between principals' leadership style and teacher stress and satisfaction indicates that teachers' performances are influenced by their perception of principals' behavior. (Author)

Blase, Joseph; And Others

1986-01-01

4

The Relationship of Principal Leadership Behaviors with School Climate, Teacher Job Satisfaction, and Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to determine how leadership behaviors of principals relate to school climate, teachers' job satisfaction, and student achievement. The relationship of leadership to student achievement was measured by the school levels based on the administration of the 2006-2007 Mississippi Curriculum Test (MCT). Leadership and…

Williams, Maurice Demond

2009-01-01

5

Principals' Leadership Behaviors in Gang-Impacted High Schools and Their Effects on Pupil Climate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although viable leadership models for schools with differing social contexts are in great demand, empirical studies of high school principals have not produced consistent results. This paper summarizes part of a larger project designed to identify leadership behaviors of principals in "gang-impacted" and other secondary schools. The research was…

Schwartz, Audrey J.

6

A Leadership Behavior Study of African American Middle School Principals in South Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An era of high stakes accountability has expanded the necessity for school districts to secure principals with leadership behaviors that encourage successful academic performance. School leaders are sought to deliver practices that guide and empower entire school communities through unprecedented times of educational change. Research studies…

Dean, Mark D.

2009-01-01

7

The Leadership Behaviors of Effective Elementary School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The mandates of the federal law "No Child Left Behind," enacted in 2002, have placed tremendous pressure on school principals in this current era of unprecedented accountability. Because of the increasing number of targeted schools, the rigid standards of federal legislation, and the punitive consequences imposed by accountability systems,…

Hawthorne, Mary Jane Golding

2009-01-01

8

Perceived Leadership Behaviors and Demographic Characteristics of Principals as They Relate to Student Reading Achievement in Elementary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The responses to two questionnaires by the principals and 186 randomly selected teachers from 40 elementary schools from Hillsborough county (Florida) provided the data for a study that examined whether principals of schools demonstrating high and low levels of student reading achievement differed in leadership behavior and/or demographic…

Edwards, Paul I., Jr.

1984-01-01

9

Technological Leadership Behavior of Elementary School Principals in the Process of Supply and Use of Educational Technologies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to examine the technological leadership behaviors of Turkish elementary school regarding the supply and use of educational technologies based on the national educational technology standards developed and approved for school principals in many countries. The study was carried out with 870 elementary school principals

Sisman Eren, Esra; Kurt, Adile Askim

2011-01-01

10

The Interdependence of Principal School Leadership and Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review illuminated principal school leadership as a variable that impacted achievement. The principal as school leader and manager was explored because these roles were thought to impact student achievement both directly and indirectly. Specific principal leadership behaviors and principal effectiveness were explored as variables potentially…

Soehner, David; Ryan, Thomas

2011-01-01

11

The Application of the Management Behavior Survey to the Measurement of Principal Leadership Behaviors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the application of Yukl's Management Behavior Survey in 47 elementary schools. Three problems with the instrument are discussed: (1) lack of response; (2) interrater disagreement; and (3) ceiling effects. The dimensionality of the measure is evaluated through factor analysis. (Author/LMO)

Charters, W. W., Jr.; Pitner, Nancy J.

1986-01-01

12

The Measurement of Principal Rule Administration Behavior and Its Relationship to Educational Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theoretical and operational relevance of the school principal's rule administrative behavior is described. Lutz and Evans (1968) conducted field studies in six schools to determine if the types of rule administration identified by Gouldner (1954) had similar effects in education. Buttman-type scales were developed and utilized to determine the…

Lutz, Frank W.; Caldwell, William E.

13

How Does District Principal Evaluation Affect Learning-Centered Principal Leadership? Evidence from Michigan School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used Hierarchical Multivariate Linear models to investigate relationships between principals' behaviors and district principal evaluation purpose, focus, and assessed leadership activities in 13 school districts in Michigan. The study found that principals were more likely to engage in learning-centered leadership behaviors when the…

Sun, Min; Youngs, Peter

2009-01-01

14

An Exploratory Study of the Relationship between Elementary Principals' Perceptions of Their Leadership Behaviors and the Impact on One Year of Reading Achievement Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between principals' perceptions of their learning-centered leadership behaviors and one year of reading achievement scores. Perceptions of principals were gathered from 31 out of 42 elementary schools in a district located in Central Virginia. This study explored the relationship between…

Smith, Debra

2009-01-01

15

The Effects of Reform in Principal Selection on Leadership Behavior of General and Vocational High School Principals in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deregulation has formed the primary core of education reform in Taiwan in the past decade. The principal selection system was one of the specific recommendations in the deregulation of education. The method of designation of senior high school principals has changed from being "appointed" to being "selected." The issue as to…

Hsiao, Hsi-Chi; Lee, Ming-Chao; Tu, Ya-Ling

2013-01-01

16

Developing Principal Instructional Leadership through Collaborative Networking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines what occurs when principals of urban schools meet together to learn and improve their instructional leadership in collaborative principal networks designed to support, sustain, and provide ongoing principal capacity building. Principal leadership is considered second only to teaching in its ability to improve schools, yet few…

Cone, Mariah Bahar

2010-01-01

17

Fostering Collaboration, Leadership, and Information Literacy: Common Behaviors of Uncommon Principals and Faculties.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals are the key factor in developing an effective, integrated school library program. Effective principals develop the knowledge base linking collaborative program planning and team teaching to school- and district-wide restructuring efforts. They integrate the library into instructional programs, encourage student use, and establish…

Haycock, Ken

1999-01-01

18

A Study of the Relationship between Second-Order Change Leadership Behaviors of Principals and School Grades of Florida Title I Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between second-order change leadership behaviors and the grade assigned to schools in large urban districts by the Florida Department of Education (FLDOE). A total of 101 Title I elementary school principals from large urban school districts with 60+% students on Free and Reduced School…

La Cava, Gonzalo Sebastian

2009-01-01

19

A Study of Principals' Instructional Leadership Behaviors and Beliefs of Good Pedagogical Practice among Effective California High Schools Serving Socioeconomically Disadvantaged and English Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods descriptive and causal-comparative study investigates what instructional leadership behaviors effective California high school principals have and what their beliefs are in regards to pedagogy, related issues, and professional issues, either constructivist or instructivist in nature, in the environment of the current NCLB…

Peariso, Jamon Frederick

2011-01-01

20

Leadership, Motivation, and Teamwork Behaviors of Principal Investigator's in Interdisciplinary Teams: A Synthesis of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increased demand, limited resources, knowledge gaps, and seemingly less time to produce results are the challenges facing researchers and others in higher education today. Working together across disciplines is almost a requirement to stay afloat in the competitive arena most principal investigators are finding themselves in. This study sought to…

Adams, Brittany L.; Cain, Holly Reed; Giraud, Vivana; Stedman, Nicole L. P.

2012-01-01

21

Principals' transformational leadership and teachers' collective efficacy.  

PubMed

The study was designed to test the relationship of principals' transformational, transactional, and laissez-faire leadership with teachers' collective efficacy. Bandura's theory of efficacy applied to the group and Bass's transformational leadership theory were used as the theoretical framework. Participants included 487 French Canadian teachers from 40 public high schools. As expected, there were positive and significant correlations between principals' transformational and transactional leadership and teachers' collective efficacy. Also, there was a negative and significant correlation between laissez-faire leadership and teachers' collective efficacy. Moreover, regression analysis showed transformational leadership significantly enhanced the predictive capabilities of transactional leadership on teachers' collective efficacy. These results confirm the importance of leadership to predict collective efficacy and, by doing so, strengthen Bass's theory of leadership. PMID:18567210

Dussault, Marc; Payette, Daniel; Leroux, Mathieu

2008-04-01

22

An Examination of the Relationship Between Servant-Leadership Behavior of the Elementary School Principal, School Climate and Student Achievement as Measured by the 4th grade Mathematics and Reading Michigan Educational Assessment Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine what relationship exists between the servant-leadership behavior of the elementary school principal, school climate, and student achievement. Data were collected through the use of two survey instruments. The (Revised) Servant-Leadership Profile: 360 (SLP-R: 360), developed by Page and Wong (2000), was used to assess principals’ perceptions of their servant-leadership behavior. To assess

Ryan L Cunningham

2008-01-01

23

Conceptualizing Instructional Leadership: The Voices of Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional leadership has long been advocated as a primary responsibility of principals. What is unclear, however, is the role that instructional leadership plays in the current high-stakes testing era in the daily work lives of principals, how they practice as instructional leaders, and toward what instructional outcomes they strive. This…

Reitzug, Ulrich C.; West, Deborah L.; Angel, Roma

2008-01-01

24

Models of successful principal leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides an Australian perspective on successful school leadership that focuses on case studies in two states (Tasmania and Victoria). Case studies for each state were developed independently and are reported separately. Two models of successful school leadership are outlined and compared, with the models, showing a remarkable degree of commonality demonstrating that the core aspects of successful school

David Gurr; Lawrie Drysdale; Bill Mulford

2006-01-01

25

Investigation of Tacit Knowledge in Principal Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how tacit knowledge was used by expert and novice principals during problem-solving situations. Through the use of a phenomenological, qualitative approach, novice principals were compared with expert principals as both went about their daily tasks of school leadership. Results of the study contribute to the research on…

St. Germain, Lorraine; Quinn, David M.

2005-01-01

26

Instructional, Transformational, and Managerial Leadership and Student Achievement: High School Principals Make a Difference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This statewide study examined the relationships between principal managerial, instructional, and transformational leadership and student achievement in public high schools. Differences in student achievement were found when schools were grouped according to principal leadership factors. Principal leadership behaviors promoting instructional and…

Valentine, Jerry W.; Prater, Mike

2011-01-01

27

Setting Performance Standards for the VAL-ED: Assessment of Principal Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Vanderbilt Assessment of Leadership in Education is a 360 assessment of principals' learning-centered leadership behaviors. The instrument was designed to provide formative and summative assessment to principals on the leadership behaviors most important to student learning. The purpose of this report is to describe the standard-setting…

Porter, Andrew; Goldring, Ellen; Elliott, Stephen; Murphy, Joseph; Polikoff, Morgan; Cravens, Xiu

2008-01-01

28

Managerial Leadership and the Effective Principal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help relate management ideas and knowledge to educational administration, the author reviews the major theories and findings from the last 20 years on managerial leadership and discusses their relevance for school principals. He first summarizes findings from three approaches: the traits approach, emphasizing managerial motivation and skills;…

Yukl, Gary

29

Best Principals Espouse Collective Leadership, Research Finds  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a national study examining the characteristics of effective school principals which reveals that high student achievement is directly linked to "collective leadership"--the shared influence of educators, parents, stakeholders, and community members. The five-year study, commissioned by the Wallace Foundation and produced by…

Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 2011

2011-01-01

30

An Analysis of Teacher Perceptions of a Principal's Leadership Behaviors Associated with the Integration of a One-to-One Laptop Program for Students in a Parochial Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this explanatory single-case case study (Yin, 2003) was to investigate teachers' perceptions of a principal's leadership behavior associated with the integration of a one-to-one laptop program in a parochial secondary school. The sample included the school principal and teachers who have had at least one year of teaching experience…

Skevakis, Anthony

2010-01-01

31

Leadership Styles of Principals and Teachers' Job Satisfaction, Satisfaction with Supervision, and Participation in Decision Making.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A questionnaire survey of 1,812 elementary and secondary teachers sought to determine the effects of principals' leadership behavior on teachers' job satisfaction, satisfaction with supervision, and participation in decision-making. Two dimensions of leadership behavior were studied: consideration, or supportive and expressive behavior; and…

Knoop, Robert

32

The Instructional Leadership Role of Assistant Principals in Comprehensive High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a qualitative, multi-case study of the reported instructional leadership actions of assistant principals in four Midwestern comprehensive high schools. The study gathered assistant principals descriptions of instructional leadership behaviors they participate in and what hinders their ability to do so. The data was collected using…

Kirkpatrick, Donald E.

2010-01-01

33

Discriminate analysis gender public school principal servant leadership differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to apply discriminate analysis to determine principal's leadership styles differences between genders in USA Midwest public schools. A distinction is to be made between “servant” (seen as aligned with emotional intelligence) and “traditional” (or top-down) leadership. The debate between the traditional (or, top-down) leadership approach, versus the servant (which is seen as aligned with emotional

Max Fridell; Rebecca Newcom Belcher; Phillip E. Messner

2009-01-01

34

Co-Principals: Characteristics of Dual Leadership Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A co-principal leadership model has been suggested as one way to address the shortage of qualified educational leaders for our schools and the increased demands on those leaders. The purpose of this study is to describe co-principals in terms of their personal and professional characteristics; the types of leadership models implemented in the…

Eckman, Ellen Wexler

2006-01-01

35

The Principal: Creative Leadership for Effective Schools. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although leadership should not be thought of as manifest only in the acts of a single person, the school principal is the person who arranges the organizational conditions. To help future and present school principals, issues behind leadership and the management aspects of the principalship are presented. The book combines theory and practice,…

Ubben, Gerald C.; Hughes, Larry W.

36

Up the Pyramid: New Leadership Opportunities for Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on effective teaching, combined with findings of the effective schools movement, is calling for teacher empowerment and new leadership opportunities for principals. This article describes a leadership pyramid embodying symbolic, cultural, instructional, and managerial functions. Principals will still operate at the top (symbolic and…

Regan, Helen B.

1988-01-01

37

A Study of the Leadership Dimensions of National Distinguished Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The identification and recruitment of effective school principals who can transform schools in the midst of today's chaotic economic, social, and global environments require a thorough understanding of the research on effective leadership. Current research indicates that principals who exhibit transformational leadership and, most recently,…

McCollum, Judith

2012-01-01

38

A "Re"-New-"ed" Paradigm in Successful Urban School Leadership: Principal as Community Leader  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This article examines the impact that a principal's community-leadership has on school-community relations and student outcomes. Comparisons are drawn between leadership behaviors that emphasize school-centered approaches and community-centered approaches. Research Methodology: Ethnographic research methodology was conducted over a 2-year…

Khalifa, Muhammad

2012-01-01

39

Principal's Leadership Styles: The Power of the Halo Effect.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Administrator evaluators perceive principals' leadership styles variously as principal/teacher, general manager, professional/scientific manager, administrator/instructional leader, and curriculum leader. Currently practice promotes the administrator/instructional leader view of principals (for principals one knows) and denigrates the general…

Brubaker, Dale L.; And Others

1993-01-01

40

Leading Schools through a Generational Lens: Perceptions of Principals' Change Leadership Disaggregated by Principal Generation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this descriptive quantitative study was to investigate possible differences in school leadership within a change process, as perceived by teachers. Grouped by generation, this study investigated principals' perceptions of change order and that of their teachers, as well as how their teachers perceived their principal's leadership

Kuhn, Matthew Scott

2012-01-01

41

Transforming Teachers' Work: The Impact of Two Principals' Leadership Styles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A restructured school setting necessitates a major change in the principal's role. For example, the principal must not only espouse certain values, but practice them at the "in-use" level as well. This paper compares and contrasts the leadership styles of two principals who participated in the implementation of a restructuring effort, the…

Davidson, Betty M.; Dell, Geralyn L.

42

Primary Principals' Leadership Styles, School Organizational Health and Workplace Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to determine the relationships between leadership styles of primary school principals and organizational health and bullying. Design/methodology/approach: Two hypotheses were formulated in relation to the research. Three instruments were used--a multi-level questionnaire for measuring leadership, an…

Cemaloglu, Necati

2011-01-01

43

Women Principals in South Africa: Gender, Mothering and Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on qualitative data from a mixed-method study that analysed women's access to the principal role and their leadership experiences. The paper draws on a subset of interviews with 54 female head teachers in the Gauteng and North West provinces of South Africa. Since a mothering style of leadership was self-reported by over half…

Lumby, Jacky; Azaola, Marta Cristina

2014-01-01

44

Assessment to Rate Principal Leadership to Be Field-Tested  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Starting next month, 300 schools nationwide will take part in a field test of a new way to gauge principals' effectiveness. Known as VAL-ED, for the Vanderbilt Assessment of Leadership in Education, the tool has been developed by a team of leadership and testing experts at Vanderbilt University and the University of Pennsylvania to measure…

Olson, Lynn

2008-01-01

45

An Exploration of Two Female Principals' Leadership in Mainland China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore two dimensions of leadership practices (i.e. teaching and learning and sources of power) used by two exemplary principals in mainland China against a background of education reform and to identify how broader contextual factors have shaped these two dimensions of their leadership.…

Zhong, Wanjuan; Ehrich, Lisa Catherine

2010-01-01

46

Leadership of Vocational High School Principals in Curriculum Reform: A Case Study in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research attempts to comprehend the traits and behaviors of vocational high school principals in implementing curriculum reform. In-depth interviews with experienced principals of three vocational high schools sought to identify the leadership roles and tasks that led to successful curriculum reform for vocational high school programs. Key…

Hsiao, Hsi-Chi; Chen, Mu-Nen; Yang, Hao-Sen

2008-01-01

47

The Union Contract and Principal Leadership in New York City Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand the effect of the union contract upon the leadership behavior of the urban principal, teacher-principal relationships in New York City were examined via observational and survey techniques. Gouldner's model of types of rule administration served as the impetus for the following central hypotheses: (1) Mock rule administration would…

Lutz, Frank W.; Evans, Seymour

48

A Close Look at Six Super Star Principals: Implications for Educational Leadership and Administration Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion focuses on a research project designed to identify critical leadership behaviors and characteristics of very successful elementary school principals. The project which ultimately became a book published jointly by the National Association of Elementary School Principals and Corwin Press used research methodology inspired by…

Streshly, William A.; Gray, Susan Penny

2008-01-01

49

Relation of principal transformational leadership to school staff job satisfaction, staff turnover, and school performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, the direct effect of principal transformational leadership to school staff turnover and school performance was examined, in addition to its indirect effect through school staff job satisfaction. Survey data were obtained from elementary school staff and students, and school-aggregated student achievement test scores were obtained from school archives. Results showed that staff reports of principal behaviors

James Griffith

2004-01-01

50

The Ohio Principals' Leadership Academy: Entry Year Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper is intended to disseminate information and to seek participant suggestions concerning the most recent phase of an ongoing program of state policy research focused on the professional development and state licensure of early career principals. The program, known as the Ohio Principals' Leadership Academy: Entry Year Program (OPLA:EYP), is…

Beebe, Robert J.; Hoffman, Daniel; Lindley, Fred; Prestley, Carole

51

Investing in Leadership: The District's Role in Managing Principal Turnover  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the results of research into the impact of principal turnover on schools, and the ability of schools to mitigate the negative effects of frequent turnover by distributing leadership in the schools. The findings from this qualitative and quantitative analysis show that rapid principal turnover does indeed have a negative…

Mascall, Blair; Leithwood, Kenneth

2010-01-01

52

Leadership Development for Experienced New Zealand Principals: Perceptions of Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the perceptions of approximately 300 experienced New Zealand principals who participated in a pilot leadership development initiative funded by the Ministry of Education. The Experienced Principals Development Programme (EPDP) underwent a rigorous evaluation that included formative (mid-point) and summative (end-point)…

Cardno, Carol; Youngs, Howard

2013-01-01

53

A Descriptive, Ex Post Facto Study of the Leadership Behaviors of Three Southern California Elementary School Principals in High-Performing Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose was to identify whether the principals in three Southern California schools that have sustained API scores of at least 900 and state and similar schools ranking of a 10 for three or more consecutive years, demonstrate the eleven behaviors outlined by Marzano, Waters, and McNulty, in successfully achieving second-order change.…

Nagy, Amy L.

2011-01-01

54

Urban Principals' Second Order Change Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urban school leaders have challenges in continually improving student achievement and making change as quickly as needed. To address this problem 37 non-Title I principals completed an on-line survey, Principal's Actions Survey (PAS), based on the seven responsibilities for second order change identified by Marzano, Waters, and McNulty (2005).…

Taylor, Rosemarye T.; La Cava, Gonzalo S.

2011-01-01

55

Principal Leadership and Teacher Expectancy in Low-Performing Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examines the relationship between principal leadership and teacher expectancy within Chicago's accountability context. Current school accountability policies assume that the threat of sanctions will motivate teachers to improve. The study uses expectancy theory, which suggests that any impact on motivation will be constrained by…

Finnigan, Kara S.

2005-01-01

56

Transformational Leadership and Globalization: Attitudes of School Principals in Kuwait  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study explores the attitudes of a sample of school principals in a Kuwaiti local authority towards the need for transformational leadership, the use of its behaviours, whether these school leaders are ready to behave in diverse ways or whether there are barriers that prevent them from acting in such a manner. The findings of this study…

Alsaeedi, Farraj; Male, Trevor

2013-01-01

57

Understanding Principal Leadership: An International Perspective and a Narrative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews recent literature in educational administration that supports the argument that leadership matters. School principals exert influence on teachers, who in turn affect student achievement. There is a need for an international approach both to replicate large studies and to use a narrative approach to study leaders in their…

Slater, Charles L.

2011-01-01

58

Assessing Instructional Leadership: A Longitudinal Study of New Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Self Assessment of Leadership of Teaching and Learning (SALTAL) inventory, in conditions of repeated administration. Design/methodology/approach: In 2006 and 2007, nearly all of New Zealand's newly-appointed school principals participated in an 18 month induction…

Brown, Gavin T. L.; Chai, Constance

2012-01-01

59

Tips for the Elementary Principal: Combining Leadership and Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes roles of leadership and management and the relationship between them. Suggests that, in order for a principal to be an effective leader, he must attempt to meet the needs of the teachers, keeping in mind primarily the goal of the organization. (JD)

Krajewski, Robert J.; And Others

1980-01-01

60

The Relationship between Principal Leadership and Teacher Collaboration in Turkish Primary Schools: A Multilevel Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the current study is to reveal the relationship between the specific leadership behaviors of principals and teacher collaboration in Turkish primary schools, controlling for several school characteristics, such as school size and average class size, and the demographic characteristics of teachers, such as level of education and…

Gumus, Sedat; Bulut, Okan; Bellibas, Mehmet Sukru

2013-01-01

61

The Effect of Leadership Style on Preservice Concerns about Becoming a Principal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the interactive effects of supervising principals' and preservice principals' leadership styles on preservice principals' pre and post internship concerns about becoming a principal. These findings suggest that the principal's leadership style is an influential determinant of preservice principals' concerns about becoming a…

Hines, Mack T., III

2007-01-01

62

Merits and Limitations of Distributed Leadership: Experiences and Understandings of School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although claiming leadership to be critical to school improvement, few studies seek the informative voice of principals regarding their understandings of roles and sources of leadership. Using a distributed perspective as a theoretical lens to reconceptualize leadership, this article explores principals' perspectives of leadership in relation to…

Wright, Lisa L.

2008-01-01

63

Setting Instructional Expectations: Patterns of Principal Leadership for Middle School Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principal instructional leadership has been found to support improved instruction. However, the methods through which principal leadership influences classroom instruction are less clear. This study investigates how principals' leadership may predict the expectations that mathematics teachers perceive for classroom practice. Results from a…

Katterfeld, Karin

2013-01-01

64

Images of Leadership and their Effect Upon School Principals' Performance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the present study is to identify how school principals perceive their world and how their perceptions influence their effectiveness as managers and leaders. The principals' views of their world were categorised into four different metaphorical ways of describing the workings of organisations: (1) the structural model (organisations as machines); (2) the human-resource model (organisations as organisms); (3) the political model (organisations as political systems); (4) the symbolic model (organisations as cultural patterns and clusters of myths and symbols). The results reveal that the best predictors of school principals' effectiveness as managers, according to their own assessments and teachers' reports, are the structural and human resource models, while the best predictors of effective leadership are the political and human-resource models.

Gaziel, Haim

2003-09-01

65

Principal Leadership and Teacher Motivation under High-Stakes Accountability Policies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines principal leadership and teacher motivation in schools under accountability sanctions. The conceptual framework is grounded in research on expectancy theory and transformational leadership. The study involves a survey of Chicago teachers and indicates that principal instructional leadership and support for change are…

Finnigan, Kara S.

2010-01-01

66

Factors Affecting the Transformational Leadership Role of Principals in Implementing ICT in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership is an important factor in the effective implementation of technology in schools. This study examines the transformational leadership role of principals to determine whether transformational leadership role of principals in ICT implementation in schools is influenced by the computer competence, level of computer use, and professional…

Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Siraj, Saedah

2012-01-01

67

A Study to Determine the Relationship between the Perceived Leadership Styles of School Principals and Teacher Job Satisfaction at Selected Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative study examined the relationship between the perceived leadership styles of school principals and teacher job satisfaction at selected elementary schools. The Leader Behavior Description Questionnaire (LBDQ) provided data that identified the perceived leadership styles of the school principals; the Minnesota Satisfaction…

Eldred, Jeremy A.

2010-01-01

68

Teachers' Ratings of Effective Principal Leadership: A Comparison of Magnet and Nonmagnet Elementary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines teachers' ratings of effective principal leadership in magnet and nonmagnet schools. Teachers in nonmagnet schools rated principals more effective than did teacher in magnet schools. Principals' efforts to deal with lower student SES, permeable school boundaries, and larger school size may account for their lower rating of leadership

Hausman, Charles S.; Goldring, Ellen B.

2001-01-01

69

How Does a Community of Principals Develop Leadership for Technology-Enhanced Science?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Active principal leadership can help sustain and scale science curriculum reform. This study illustrates how principal leadership developed in a professional learning community to support a technology-enhanced science curriculum reform funded by the National Science Foundation. Seven middle school and high school principals in one urban-fringe…

Gerard, Libby F.; Bowyer, Jane B.; Linn, Marcia C.

2010-01-01

70

Principals' and Teachers' Perspectives on Effective Leadership Activities in High-Poverty Middle Schools in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine teachers' and principals' perceptions of leadership activities occurring on their campus. Survey methodology was used to gather data from 469 teachers and principals from high-poverty middle schools in Texas. The results of this study found that principals and teachers do not agree on leadership activities…

Nelson, Cheryl A.

2010-01-01

71

What Are the Different Types of Principals across the United States? A Latent Class Analysis of Principal Perception of Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Effective styles of principal leadership can help address multiple issues in struggling schools, such as low student achievement and high rates of teacher attrition. Although the literature has nominated certain "idealized" leadership styles as being more or less effective, such as transformational, instructional, and shared…

Urick, Angela; Bowers, Alex J.

2014-01-01

72

Leadership Transformation of Two Teachers and Their Principal: A Case Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the short- and long-term effects of the Samford Summer Institute for Teacher Excellence (SSITE 2000), which created a climate for teacher leadership and for educators to connect with leadership resources. It investigated how two teachers and their principal networked with other school leaders, learned from successful leadership

Lanting, Ashley; Jolly, Anne

73

Principal and Teacher Perceptions of the Leadership Role of Principals in Hong Kong Protestant Christian Secondary Schools Following the Change of Sovereignty to China  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phenomenon of principal leadership in Hong Kong Protestant Christian Protestant secondary schools was investigated after the historical change of sovereignty to China on 1 st July, 1997, and the research findings may advance school leadership and inform practitioners locally and world-wide. Using a hermeneutic phenomenological methodology, 9 principals and 16 teachers were interviewed about their perceptions of principal leadership

Connie Yu

74

The Relationship between the Transformational Leadership Characteristics of Principals, as Perceived by Teachers, and Student Achievement on Standardized Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This correlational study examined the relationship between principals' transformational leadership behaviors, as perceived by teachers, and student achievement on standardized tests. Participants in this study included teachers in two suburban high schools and six suburban elementary schools in Georgia. Research demonstrates a correlation between…

Estapa, Ashley L.

2009-01-01

75

Exploring Teacher Perceptions of the Leadership Practices of Middle and High School Principals  

Microsoft Academic Search

As educators continue to restructure schools to better meet the needs of our ever- changing society, the principal's effective leadership practices become paramount as we enter the next generation of research into school effectiveness. This study of principals in a large urban school district endeavors to examine the differences in middle and high school teachers' perceptions of the leadership practices

Donald W. Leech; Robert Smith; Ronnie Green; C. Ray Fulton

76

Teachers' Ratings of Effective Principal Leadership: A Comparison of Magnet and Nonmagnet Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite their common goal, reformers promoting school choice and those seeking ways to improve schools through more effective principal leadership have remained for the most part disconnected. This paper presents findings of a study that examined differences in teachers' ratings of effective principal leadership in magnet and nonmagnet schools in…

Hausman, Charles S.; Goldring, Ellen B.

77

Principal Leadership for Social Justice: Uncovering the Content of Teacher Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both principal leadership for professional development and leadership for social justice offer promising but underdeveloped conceptions of professional development content that school principals promote toward teaching for academic excellence and social justice. This article examines the professional learning content promoted by three school…

Kose, Brad W.

2007-01-01

78

Priorities and Barriers in High School Leadership: A Survey of Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the heart of every good school is a good principal who provides the necessary leadership to create an effective learning environment. Measuring the condition of high school leadership is an important part of the agenda of the National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP). This survey is designed to add to a knowledge base about…

Schiff, Tamara

79

A Study of the Relationship between Principals' Transformational Leadership Style and Teacher Retention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine if a relationship existed between principals' transformational leadership style and teacher retention examined by gender, ethnicity, and accountability ratings among principals in Southeast Texas. A review of the literature indicated that transformational leadership traits have been advocated for school…

Harris, David C.

2009-01-01

80

The Role of the Principal's Leadership Style in the Implementation of ICT Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings of a study in information communication technology (ICT) implementation, on the principal's leadership style in relation to other factors that influence implementation. The principal's leadership style is perceived--on the basis of the characteristics of the context where the study was conducted--as a personal quality,…

Hadjithoma-Garstka, Christina

2011-01-01

81

Leading Change under Pressure: An Examination of Principal Leadership in Low-Performing Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through case studies of 10 elementary schools in Chicago, this article examines principal leadership in low-performing schools. The data include 331 interviews with teachers, administrators, external partners, and others over a 2-year period. Using transformational leadership as a lens, we found that principals in schools that moved off probation…

Finnigan, Kara S.; Stewart, Tricia J.

2009-01-01

82

Principal Leadership in an Era of Accountability: A Perspective from the Hong Kong Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the findings of a study into the leadership practices of Hong Kong principals working within an environment of increasing accountability. The study set out to investigate the relationships between sets of principal leadership practices and the levels of "alignment," "coherence and structure" and "support for students" in the…

Walker, Allan; Ko, James

2011-01-01

83

Relationship between Principal Leadership and the Implementation of a Proficiency Based Graduation System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study investigated the relationship between high school principals. perceptions of their leadership and the implementation of the Rhode Island diploma system. The study also explored the changing nature of the role of principal in relation to the Proficiency Based Graduation Requirements (PBGR) and leadership skills used by…

Whaley, Michael

2011-01-01

84

School Principals' Assumptions about Human Nature: Implications for Leadership in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers principals' assumptions about human nature in Turkey and the relationship between the assumptions held and the leadership style adopted in schools. The findings show that school principals hold Y-type assumptions and prefer a relationship-oriented style in their relations with assistant principals. However, both principals

Sabanci, Ali

2008-01-01

85

Learning Leadership Matters: Teachers' Experiences of Innovatively and Conventionally Prepared Principals. School Leadership Study: Developing Successful Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the relationship between innovative leadership preparation and teacher outcomes, building on prior research on the effects of preparation on leadership and effects of leadership on teacher outcomes by drawing on two different teacher samples (Stanford University-based study of innovative programs and the SASS teacher…

Orr, Margaret Terry; Orphanos, Stelios

2007-01-01

86

How Preparation Influences School Leaders and Their School Improvement: Comparing Exemplary and Conventionally Prepared Principals. School Leadership Study: Developing Successful Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper measures effective leadership preparation and assesses its relationship to what principals learn about leadership, their leadership practices, and school improvement progress and improved school climate (particularly for academic press and continuous improvement). This paper draws on survey research conducted in 2005 with 125 principals

Orr, Margaret Terry

2007-01-01

87

Analysis of the Relationship between Latino and African American Male High Schools Graduation Rates and Principal Leadership Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a correlation between principal leadership style and graduation rates of Latino and African American male students. The study also examined the principal leadership style to determine whether or not principal leadership style had an impact on the percentage of students graduating from high…

Johnson, Sheryl L.

2011-01-01

88

Rural High School Principals: Leadership in Rural Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational leadership has been the focus of many studies; however, leadership does not occur in a vacuum. Understanding the context in which it occurs will in turn help to explain the phenomenon itself. Rural communities in the United States have many differences when compared to urban and suburban areas. Twenty-eight percent of schools in the…

Shuman, Aaron L.

2010-01-01

89

An Examination of Self-Perceived Transformational Leadership Behaviors of Texas Superintendents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined self-perceived transformational leadership behaviors among Texas superintendents. The purpose of this study was to examine if relationships existed between superintendents' self-perceived transformational leadership style, district size, teaching, principal, and superintendent years of experience. A review of the literature…

Fenn, Walter Lloyd; Mixon, Jason

2011-01-01

90

Teacher and Principal Perceptions of Authentic Leadership: Implications for Trust, Engagement, and Intention to Return  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The focus of this study was to explore the relationships between the authentic leadership of building principals and the trust, engagement, and intention to return of their teaching staffs. School principals (n = 28) and their teaching staffs (n = 633) were surveyed. Teacher trust and engagement were found to be significantly related to principal

Bird, James J.; Wang, Chuang; Watson, Jim; Murray, Louise

2012-01-01

91

The Relevance of "Personal Mastery" to Leadership: The Case of School Principals in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School leadership literature suggests that school effectiveness and ongoing improvement rely on school leaders and principals. Despite significant contributions made by principals towards teaching and learning in schools, there have been few studies that explore principals' perceptions of the factors underpinning their successes and achievements.…

Retna, Kala S.

2011-01-01

92

New Principals in the Trenches: Does Mentoring Impact Leadership Development for New School Leaders?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prior research suggests that effective principal leadership is vital for raising student achievement in today's schools. However, school districts across the county, especially in urban districts, are finding shortages of qualified principal candidates. A well-designed mentoring program for new principals can be used by school districts to…

Woolsey, Anne-Marie

2010-01-01

93

Understanding Instructional Leadership Through the Mental Models of Three Elementary School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mental models are described and discussed as a means of communicating the underlying aspects of instructional leadership. An empirical study identifying the mental models of instructional leadership held by three urban elementary school principals at different stages in their careers was used to support the thesis. Using a collective case study…

Ruff, William; Shoho, Alan

2005-01-01

94

Understanding Instructional Leadership through the Mental Models of Three Elementary School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Mental models are described and discussed as a means of communicating the underlying aspects of instructional leadership. An empirical study identifying the mental models of instructional leadership held by three urban elementary school principals at different stages in their careers was used to support the thesis. Using a collective case study…

Ruff, William G.; Shoho, Alan R.

2005-01-01

95

Leadership Role Expectations and Relationships of Principals and Pastors in Catholic Parochial Elementary Schools: Part 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review examines several topics that inform many struggles currently experienced in the relationship between a canonical pastor and the principal of the parochial elementary school. Drawing on current research, this review examines various leadership theories, including the popular servant leadership model, and proceeds to a discussion of role…

Schafer, Duane F.

2005-01-01

96

e-Leadership of School Principals: Increasing School Effectiveness by a School Data Management System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, school management systems have become an important tool for effective e-leadership and data-based decision making. School management systems emphasize information flow and e-communication between teachers, students and parents. This study examines e-leadership by secondary-school principals through the Mashov school management…

Blau, Ina; Presser, Ofer

2013-01-01

97

Leadership Practices for Social Justice, Democratic Community, and Learning: School Principals' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to discover leadership practices that integrate social justice and democratic community for student learning. Data were gathered through focus group discussions with school principals. The responses were transcribed verbatim, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes. Leadership practices that were…

Wasonga, Teresa A.

2009-01-01

98

The Relationship between Principal Leadership Effectiveness and School Performance in South Carolina High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical component for successful schools is effective leadership. In the 1980's the concept of leadership emerged and the rules changed for school principals (Lashway, 2002). Previously, administrators were primarily evaluated based upon their abilities in managing school facilities and operations efficiently. Academics became the new focus.…

Lempesis, Costa

2009-01-01

99

Occupying the Principal Position: Examining Relationships between Transformational Leadership, Social Network Position, and Schools' Innovative Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Throughout the world, educational policy makers, practitioners, and scholars have acknowledged the importance of principal leadership in the generation and implementation of innovations. In many studies, transformational leadership has emerged as a promising approach in response to increasing demands to develop and implement innovations in…

Moolenaar, Nienke M.; Daly, Alan J.; Sleegers, Peter J. C.

2010-01-01

100

Finding Common Ground: Teacher Leaders and Principals Speak out about Teacher Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates how a small group of teacher leaders and their principals, participating in a teacher leadership program called the teacher connector (TC), understand teacher leadership and its impact on their practice. TCs' responsibilities were typical of teacher leaders; thus, their experiences can provide insights into teacher leaders'…

Weiner, Jennie Miles

2011-01-01

101

Teacher Leadership in High Schools: How Principals Encourage It. How Teachers Practice It  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher leadership plays a significant role in the professional culture of many schools across the country, according to principals who value it. This is the major conclusion from a survey and telephone interviews conducted by the Institute for Educational Leadership (IEL). While limited in scope, the study confirms the contributions of teacher…

Institute for Educational Leadership (NJ1), 2008

2008-01-01

102

Mapping Instructional Leadership in Thailand: Has Education Reform Impacted Principal Practice?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past two decades a growing body of international research suggests that instructional leadership from the principal is essential for the improvement of teaching and learning in schools. However, in many parts of the world, the practice of instructional leadership remains both poorly understood and outside the main job description of the…

Hallinger, Phillip; Lee, Moosung

2014-01-01

103

Principals Reflecting on Their Leadership Learning with an Heuristic: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to report on a small pilot study in which an heuristic was used to enable principals to reflect on the confidence they have in their existing leadership knowledge and how they might add to that knowledge in the future. The motivation for the study arose from a literature review of strategies for leadership development…

Dempster, Neil; Fluckiger, Bev; Lovett, Susan

2012-01-01

104

Trust During Transition: Strategic Leadership and Trust Development During Principal Succession  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a With an ever-increasing number of administrator turnovers and retirements the need for strategic leadership and trust development\\u000a on the part of succeeding principals to develop and sustain organizational learning and school improvement initiatives is\\u000a paramount. This chapter addresses how one principal faced with the consolidation of three schools successfully developed trust\\u000a and utilized specific leadership goals and strategies to develop

Shawn Northfield; Robert Macmillan; Matthew J. Meyer

105

Leadership behavior and employee effectiveness.  

PubMed

A research study shows how leaders can significantly impact employee productivity, job satisfaction and commitment. Five leadership skills basic to good management are developed and implemented to complement the nurse manager's own unique style. Employees, in turn, will respond to the manager's examples of high standards and values. PMID:8265078

McNeese-Smith, D

1993-05-01

106

The Effects of Elementary School Principals' Leadership Styles and the Preferred Managerial Styles of Teachers on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study is to identify principal leadership styles and teacher preferred principal leadership styles, as well as to examine the independent and combined effects of these variables on the TAKS Mathematics achievement scores of elementary students. School leadership affects every aspect of an institution. Studies reveal that the…

Pichon, Christopher, Sr.

2010-01-01

107

Leadership for successful inclusive schools : A study of principal behaviours  

Microsoft Academic Search

Describes a multiple case analysis of six elementary school principals considered to be successful as leaders of inclusive schools. Analyses the structural and behavioural factors present in six elementary schools considered to have successfully included students with disabilities in regular classroom programmes. Outlines several factors which were found to be common among the principals of the six schools. Each principal:

Nadyne Guzmán

1997-01-01

108

The Principal: Creative Leadership for Effective Schools. Fourth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This fourth edition of this book is organized around the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium model standards developed specifically for school leaders. The six standards focus on the key issues that inform effective leadership. Attention is given to issues of learning and teaching, and the creation of powerful learning environments.…

Ubben, Gerald C.; Hughes, Larry W.; Norris, Cynthia J.

109

School Principal's Leadership Style and Teachers' Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study emphasizes the significance of the positive job experiences that promote individuals' satisfaction on the job and the potential contribution of the transformational leadership style for the shaping of these experiences. Questionnaires were administered to elementary school teachers in five of the six districts comprising the…

Nir, Adam E.; Kranot, Nati

2006-01-01

110

The Relationship between Principal Leadership Styles and Student Achievement in Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship between principal leadership style, school socioeconomic status (SES), and student achievement for 6 elementary schools. Each school's spring 2007 Mississippi Curriculum Test (MCT) scores were used in the areas of Reading, Language, and Mathematics as a measure of student achievement. The principal's…

May, Natasha K.

2010-01-01

111

South Dakota School Principals' Preferred Leadership Styles for Leading Change to Face Poverty and Discrimination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This quantitative research study identified perceptions regarding leadership styles of a sample of high school, middle school, and elementary school principals serving in South Dakota public and tribal/BIE (Bureau of Indian Education) schools in 2011. From 152 public school districts and 20 tribal/BIE schools, a sample of 148 school principals was…

Soka, John Alex

2011-01-01

112

Effect of Principals' Leadership Style on Teachers' Attitude to Work in Ogun State Secondary Schools, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate why some principals prefer to embrace certain leadership styles and the effect of such styles on the teachers' attitude to work. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The random sampling technique was used to draw a sample of teachers and principals from the secondary schools in Abeokuta…

Adegbesan, Sunday O.

2013-01-01

113

A Job Too Big for One: Multiple Principals and Other Nontraditional Approaches to School Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Current federal, state, and local school accountability measures as well as policy initiatives that call for improved leadership have placed increasing demands on principals. Many districts face shortages of appropriate candidates for the job; popularly, this shortage is explained by the fact that simply too few hero-principals exist…

Grubb, Norton W.; Flessa, Joseph J.

2006-01-01

114

Relationships among Principal Authentic Leadership and Teacher Trust and Engagement Levels  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships among the authentic leadership style of school principals and the trust and engagement levels of their teachers in a county school district in a Southeastern state. The authenticity of the school principal was found to be significantly positively related to teacher trust and teacher engagement levels. The…

Bird, James J.; Wang, Chuang; Watson, Jim R.; Murray, Louise

2009-01-01

115

American and Japanese Principals: A Comparative Analysis of Excellence in Instructional Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guided by interpretive ethnographic methods and by instructional leadership concepts, this comparative study of secondary principals in Japan and America discovers characteristics of excellent principals and examines their values in relation to dominant cultural themes. The investigation applies anthropologist Clifford Goertz's assumptions (1973,…

Bartell, Carol A.; Willis, David B.

116

Self-Knowledge, Capacity and Sensitivity: Prerequisites to Authentic Leadership by School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The article proposes three prerequisites to authentic leadership by school principals: self-knowledge, a capacity for moral reasoning, and sensitivity to the orientations of others. Design/methodology/approach: A conceptual framework, based on research on the valuation processes of school principals and their strategic responses to…

Begley, Paul T.

2006-01-01

117

Images of Principal Instructional Leadership: From Super-Vision to Collaborative Inquiry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines images of principals' instructional leadership, based on 10 supervision textbooks published between 1985 and 1995. Textbooks portrayed principals as experts and superiors, teachers as deficient and voiceless, teaching as fixed technology, and supervision as a discrete intervention. Images of professional growth (stressing collegiality and…

Reitzug, Ulrich C.

1997-01-01

118

Concerns, Use of Time, and the Intersections of Leadership: Case Study of Two Charter School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of a multiple case study of charter school leadership, the researchers in this study examined 2 principals' priorities and practices through their expressed concerns and use of time. Through an embedded case design and analysis, 6 themes surfaced from the principal interviews that occurred over the course of a school year--accountability,…

Bickmore, Dana L.; Dowell, Margaret-Mary Sulentic

2011-01-01

119

The Perceptions of Principal-Based Leadership Practices on Student Reading Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this mixed quantitative and qualitative study was to examine whether a relationship exists between the perceptions of principal-based leadership practices and 5th grade reading achievement. Standardized assessment measures used were the Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale (PIMRS) and the 5th grade Connecticut Mastery…

Gjelaj Merturi, Elizabeth

2010-01-01

120

The Evaluation of Principals: What and How Do States and Urban Districts Assess Leadership?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we present results of a comprehensive review of principal leadership assessment practices in the United States. Our analyses of both the general content and the usage of 65 instruments, 56 at the district level and 9 at the state level, provided an in-depth look at what and how districts and states evaluate principals. Using the…

Goldring, Ellen; Cravens, Xiu Chen; Murphy, Joseph; Porter, Andrew C.; Elliott, Stephen N.; Carson, Becca

2009-01-01

121

Nature vs nurture: are leaders born or made? A behavior genetic investigation of leadership style.  

PubMed

With the recent resurgence in popularity of trait theories of leadership, it is timely to consider the genetic determination of the multiple factors comprising the leadership construct. Individual differences in personality traits have been found to be moderately to highly heritable, and so it follows that if there are reliable personality trait differences between leaders and non-leaders, then there may be a heritable component to these individual differences. Despite this connection between leadership and personality traits, however, there are no studies of the genetic basis of leadership using modern behavior genetic methodology. The present study proposes to address the lack of research in this area by examining the heritability of leadership style, as measured by self-report psychometric inventories. The Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ), the Leadership Ability Evaluation, and the Adjective Checklist were completed by 247 adult twin pairs (183 monozygotic and 64 same-sex dizygotic). Results indicated that most of the leadership dimensions examined in this study are heritable, as are two higher level factors (resembling transactional and transformational leadership) derived from an obliquely rotated principal components factors analysis of the MLQ. Univariate analyses suggested that 48% of the variance in transactional leadership may be explained by additive heritability, and 59% of the variance in transformational leadership may be explained by non-additive (dominance) heritability. Multivariate analyses indicated that most of the variables studied shared substantial genetic covariance, suggesting a large overlap in the underlying genes responsible for the leadership dimensions. PMID:10100814

Johnson, A M; Vernon, P A; McCarthy, J M; Molson, M; Harris, J A; Jang, K L

1998-12-01

122

The Development of Faith Leadership in Novice Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the Catholic School Principal Support Program (CSPSP), a mentoring program for first and second-year Catholic school principals in a large urban diocese, and identifies key challenges, impacts and influences on decision-making. Ten school leaders describe their work and provide the lens by which they reflect on their role as…

Rieckhoff, Barbara Stacy

2014-01-01

123

Principal Efficacy: Implications for Rural "Grow Your Own" Leadership Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although "grow your own" principal preparation programs have become a popular method for recruiting and selecting administrator candidates for hard to fill positions in both urban and rural schools, "grow your own" principal candidates in rural contexts may be more vulnerable to the phenomenon of loss of self-efficacy. This…

Versland, Tena M.

2013-01-01

124

Principal Training on the Ground: Ensuring Highly Qualified Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assuming the quality of the principal is directly linked to student learning and instruction, whose responsibility is it to develop building administrators to their fullest? This question is at the center of Principal Training on the Ground by Sandra Stein and colleagues from the School of Public Affairs at Baruch College of the City University of…

Buck, Janiece T.

2004-01-01

125

Leadership and Participation: How a Principal Achieves Both.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Alliance for Achievement is a community-building model allowing the principal, teachers, and parents to articulate a common base of educational values, set goals, and develop expectations for one another. Supporting Roland Barth's recommendations, the model helps principals articulate a mission and share authority and responsibility for attaining…

McCullough, Doug

1991-01-01

126

Preparing a New Breed of Principals: Leadership from the University President's Office. SREB Leadership Initiative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the leadership of President Paul Stanton, East Tennessee State University (ETSU) is demonstrating the power of higher education partnerships to improve the quality of life in local communities and to accelerate school improvement and student achievement. In this interview, Stanton describes how participation in the SREB Leadership Initiative…

Southern Regional Education Board, 2004

2004-01-01

127

A Longitudinal Study Examining Changes in Students' Leadership Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the impact of a leadership development program in students' first year with the subsequent leadership behaviors of those students in their senior year. Significant changes were reported in the frequency of engaging in leadership behaviors from freshman to senior years. No differences were found on the basis of gender. In…

Posner, Barry Z.

2009-01-01

128

A Comparison of School Principals Participation in the Missouri Leadership Satellite Academy Program and Their Perceived Level of Engagement in 21 Leadership Responsibilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined if there was a significant difference in perceptions of principals who participated in the Missouri Leadership Satellite Academy offered by the Missouri Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE) compared to the perceptions of principals who have not participated regarding the 21 leadership responsibilities of…

Kiefer, Rebecca S.

2010-01-01

129

The Principal's Role in the 70's. The 1970 Leadership Course for School Principals Lecture Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers by various authors focuses on the following topics: (1) educational change and implications for the principal, (2) resource acquisition and allocation, (3) evaluation and the principal, (4) goal-oriented evaluation, (5) teacher preparation, and (6) current and future problems of Alberta school principals. (LLR)

Bergen, J. J., Ed.; Chamchuk, N. J., Ed.

130

School Policy, Leadership Style, Teacher Change and Student Behavior in Eight Schools. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eight secondary schools participated in this study of the relationships among school policies, principal leadership style, teacher behavior, and student behavior. Data were gathered through student and teacher observations, student and teacher questionnaires, student absence records, observations of the physical environment, and interviews with…

Stallings, Jane A.; Mohlman, Georgea G.

131

Developing Successful Principals. School Leadership Study. Review of Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals play a vital and multifaceted role in setting the direction for schools that are positive and productive workplaces for teachers and vibrant learning environments for children, but existing knowledge on the best ways to develop these effective leaders is insufficient. The need to identify and replicate effective pre- and inservice…

Davis, Stephen; Darling-Hammond, Linda; LaPointe, Michelle; Meyerson, Debra

2005-01-01

132

A Correlational Study of Principals' Leadership Style and Teacher Absenteeism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine whether McGregor's Theory X and Theory Y, gender, age, and years of experience of principals form a composite explaining the variation in teacher absences. It sought to determine whether all or any of these variables would be statistically significant in explaining the variance in absences for teachers.…

Carter, Jason

2010-01-01

133

Arab Women Principals' Empowerment and Leadership in Israel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper's purpose is to tell the life-stories of four women who succeeded in forging paths to senior positions as principals in Arab schools in Israel and to describe the personal, professional and sociopolitical contexts of their principalship. Design/methodology/approach: This is part of a larger research effort that explored the…

Shapira, Tamar; Arar, Khalid; Azaiza, Faisal

2010-01-01

134

Principal Leadership: Building Trust to Support School Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop trust, leaders must understand the determinants of a trusting organization. This study examined how an elementary school principal, new to a school that had been designated "in need of improvement," reacted to this status and worked to develop trust in a climate of low trust and increasing public accountability. Hoy and Tschannen-Moran…

Hallam, Pamela; Mathews, Joseph L.

2008-01-01

135

The Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Transformational Leadership, and Effectiveness in School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the rapidly changing school environment effective principals are needed to make necessary changes while also developing a culture of shared responsibility and community (Hallinger & Heck, 1998; Leithwood & Jantzi, 1999). The correlation between transformational leadership and emotional intelligence was investigated in this quantitative study of…

Hebert, Elizabeth B.

2010-01-01

136

Relation of Principal Transformational Leadership to School Staff Job Satisfaction, Staff Turnover, and School Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the present study, the direct effect of principal transformational leadership to school staff turnover and school performance was examined, in addition to its indirect effect through school staff job satisfaction. Survey data were obtained from elementary school staff and students, and school-aggregated student achievement test scores were…

Griffith, James

2004-01-01

137

Elementary Teacher Assessments of Principal Servant Leadership, Their Experience with Team Learning and Student Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared teacher assessments of principal servant leadership and their experience with team learning in high, moderate, and low student academic achieving elementary schools. The participants were from fifteen moderate need elementary schools located in southern New York State counties. One hundred sixty two teachers responded to a 36…

Zahn, Brian

2011-01-01

138

District Central Office Leadership as Teaching: How Central Office Administrators Support Principals' Development as Instructional Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Research on educational leadership underscores the importance of principals operating as instructional leaders and intensive job-embedded supports for such work; this research also identifies central office staff as key support providers. However, it teaches little about what central office staff do when they provide such support and how…

Honig, Meredith I.

2012-01-01

139

The Three Essentials: Improving Schools Requires District Vision, District and State Support, and Principal Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research is part of a comprehensive effort to pinpoint the key leadership factors that improve student achievement and increase the number of high school graduates who are ready for college and careers. In this study, SREB (Southern Regional Education Board) examined the role of the district office in providing principals with the working…

Bottoms, Gene; Schmidt-Davis, Jon

2010-01-01

140

The Effects of Principal's Leadership Style on Support for Innovation: Evidence from Korean Vocational High School Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A climate of innovation and principal leadership in schools are regarded as significant factors in successfully implementing school change or innovation. Nevertheless, the relationship between the school climate supportive of innovation and the principal's leadership has rarely been addressed to determine whether schools successfully perform their…

Park, Joo-Ho

2012-01-01

141

Leadership to Success: A Study of the Leadership Behaviors of Dropout Recovery Program Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little is known about the leadership practices and behaviors of the building leaders of dropout recovery schools and how these behaviors correlate with the ability of their student population to pass state-required standardized tests. This study analyzed the responses of 8 building leaders of dropout recovery schools regarding their leadership

Turner, William S.

2010-01-01

142

Ethics, character, and authentic transformational leadership behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The morality of transformational leadership has been sharply questioned, particularly by libertarians, “grass roots” theorists, and organizational development consultants. This paper argues that to be truly transformational, leadership must be grounded in moral foundations. The four components of authentic transformational leadership (idealized influence, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individualized consideration) are contrasted with their counterfeits in dissembling pseudo-transformational leadership on

Bernard M Bass; Paul Steidlmeier

1999-01-01

143

The relationship between managerial leadership behaviors and staff nurse retention.  

PubMed

The purposes of this study were to describe perceptions of managerial leadership behaviors associated with staff nurse turnover and to compare nurse manager leadership behaviors as perceived by managers and their staff nurses. Effective leadership styles among nurse managers have been associated with staff nurse job satisfaction and retention. Although both transformational and transactional leadership styles have been described as effective, it is unclear which nurse manager leadership behaviors contribute most to staff nurse retention. This descriptive, correlational study was conducted at a 465-bed community hospital in the northeastern United States. All staff nurses and nurse managers employed in both ambulatory and acute care nursing units were invited to participate in the study. The study sample comprised 79 staff nurses and 10 nurse managers, who completed demographic forms and the 45-item Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, which measures 12 dimensions of leadership style. Data were collected from July through September 2003. Active management by exception as perceived by staff nurses was the only managerial leadership style associated with staff nurse turnover (r = .26, p = .03). Compared with the perceptions among their staff nurses, nurse managers consistently perceived that they demonstrated a higher mean frequency of transformational leadership behaviors. The transactional leadership style of active management by exception not only appeared to be a deterrent to staff nurse retention but also reflected leadership perceptions among staff nurses who work evening and night shifts. This study also provides further evidence regarding a trend in which nurse managers and staff nurses do not concur on the frequency of transformational leadership behaviors but do demonstrate agreement on the frequency of transactional leadership behaviors. PMID:15898399

Kleinman, Carol

2004-01-01

144

Managerial Behavior of a First-Year Principal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many people are unaware of how principals invest their time on a day-to-day basis. This paper presents findings of a case study that examined the managerial behavior of a first-year elementary school principal. Data were derived from observation of the principal on two separate days. The findings show that the principal spent a significant amount…

Blendinger, Jack; Snipes, Gail

145

The Relationship between Distributed Leadership and Principal's Leadership Effectiveness in North Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As principals' responsibilities increase in quantity and complexity along with accountability demands for improved student achievement, some researchers argue that one person can no longer successfully lead a school; rather schools should be led in a collaborative manner with school staff members in shared decision-making through a distributed…

Grant, Carl P.

2011-01-01

146

The Influence of Principal Leadership on Classroom Instruction and Student Learning: A Study of Mediated Pathways to Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study examines the influence of principal leadership in high schools on classroom instruction and student achievement through key organizational factors, including professional capacity, parent-community ties, and the school's learning climate. It identifies paths through which leadership explains differences in achievement and…

Sebastian, James; Allensworth, Elaine

2012-01-01

147

School Leadership: A Key to Teaching Quality. A Policy Brief on the Role of Principals in Strengthening Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recognition of the critically important role that principals play in ensuring both student and teacher success in school, the Center began incorporating data on education leadership into these reports, and in the spring of 2010, convened the first policy forum on leadership entitled "Strengthening Teaching Practice: The Role and…

Center for the Future of Teaching and Learning, 2011

2011-01-01

148

Scholar-Practitioner Inquiry as International Action Research: Surveying Leadership Perceptions of Principals in the Toledo District of Belize  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The scholar-practitioner approach to leadership has the potential for effectiveness in developing countries through contextual understanding of unique circumstances. The purpose of this study was to survey leadership perceptions of principals in the Toledo District of Belize. This data, in the tradition of scholar-practitioner involvement, was…

Hickey, Wesley D.; Gill, Peggy B.; Brown, Lakesha

2011-01-01

149

Student Achievement and the Leadership Capacity of Early Childhood Public Elementary School Principals: Is There a Correlation?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a review of literature that seeks to add to the body of information on the evidence of the leadership capacity of elementary school principals who have pre-kindergarten and kindergarten programs in their school and how the leadership capacity influence student achievement. This review of literature purpose is out to find what the…

Muhammad, Bridgette

2010-01-01

150

The Model of Principal Leadership in Hong Kong Protestant Christian Secondary Schools following the Change of Sovereignty  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This paper discusses a leadership model grounded in an investigation of the phenomenon of principal leadership in Hong Kong Protestant Christian secondary schools of one denomination, two years after the change of sovereignty to China (1st July, 1997). Focus of discussion and comments: Using a hermeneutic phenomenological methodology,…

Yu, Connie Chuen Ying

2007-01-01

151

Principal's Leadership as a Critical Factor for School Performance: Evidence from Multi?Levels of Primary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to investigate how principal's leadership is related to school performance in terms of multi?level indicators such as school's organizational characteristics, teachers’ group?level and individual?level performances, and students’ performances. In the study, strong leadership represents that a principal can be supportive and foster participation for teachers, can develop clear goals and policies and hold people accountable for results,

Yin Cheong Cheng

1994-01-01

152

Hierarchical Leadership Behaviors of USAF Majors at Air Command and Staff College.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

How does one mentor leadership. What behaviors should be mentored for more effective leadership and are those behaviors different at various organizational levels. Jacob and Jaques (1985) found that organizations require different hierarchical leadership ...

K. P. Phelan

1998-01-01

153

How Graduate-Level Preparation Influences the Effectiveness of School Leaders: A Comparison of the Outcomes of Exemplary and Conventional Leadership Preparation Programs for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study attempted to determine the influence of exemplary leadership preparation on what principals learn about leadership, their use of effective leadership practices, and how their practices influence school improvement and the school's learning climate. The authors also investigated how the frequency of effective leadership

Orr, Margaret Terry; Orphanos, Stelios

2011-01-01

154

Relationship between Organizational Culture, Leadership Behavior and Job Satisfaction  

PubMed Central

Background Organizational culture refers to the beliefs and values that have existed in an organization for a long time, and to the beliefs of the staff and the foreseen value of their work that will influence their attitudes and behavior. Administrators usually adjust their leadership behavior to accomplish the mission of the organization, and this could influence the employees' job satisfaction. It is therefore essential to understand the relationship between organizational culture, leadership behavior and job satisfaction of employees. Methods A cross-sectional study was undertaken that focused on hospital nurses in Taiwan. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire; 300 questionnaires were distributed and 200 valid questionnaires were returned. To test the reliability of the data, they were analyzed by Cronbach's ? and confirmatory factors. Correlation analysis was used on the relationships between organizational cultures, leadership behavior and job satisfaction. Results Organizational cultures were significantly (positively) correlated with leadership behavior and job satisfaction, and leadership behavior was significantly (positively) correlated with job satisfaction. Conclusions The culture within an organization is very important, playing a large role in whether it is a happy and healthy environment in which to work. In communicating and promoting the organizational ethos to employees, their acknowledgement and acceptance of it can influence their work behavior and attitudes. When the interaction between the leadership and employees is good, the latter will make a greater contribution to team communication and collaboration, and will also be encouraged to accomplish the mission and objectives assigned by the organization, thereby enhancing job satisfaction.

2011-01-01

155

Principal Instructional Management Behavior and School Effectiveness: An Organizational Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses an organizational perspective to investigate three questions regarding the principal's role in instructional management: (1) Do instructional management behaviors predict student achievement? (2) What specific instructional management behaviors are identified with principals in effective schools? and (3) Are the linkages that…

Leitner, David

156

The Joan Wint Story: Biography of a Principal Whose Leadership for Social Justice Transformed a Rural Jamaican High School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This dissertation is a biographical study of the life of a retired high school principal in Jamaica. Joan Miller Wint was born on May 10, 1946, in the small rural district of Success in Westmoreland, Jamaica. This study of Wint's life centers on school transformation and organizational change, exploring her leadership as a principal through the…

Oram-Sterling, Jacqueline

2009-01-01

157

The Effect of Principals' Technological Leadership on Teachers' Technological Literacy and Teaching Effectiveness in Taiwanese Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationships among principals' technological leadership, teachers' technological literacy, and teaching effectiveness. The survey target population consists of 1,000 teachers randomly selected from Taiwanese elementary schools. The survey asked teachers to measure the effectiveness of principals'…

Chang, I-Hua

2012-01-01

158

Leadership Behaviors of Successful Vocational Education Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first part of a research effort to examine the utility of a leadership model (Moss and Liang 1990) identified leadership attributes needed by successful vocational administrators. In a follow-up to this research, state-level administrators in seven states were interviewed to nominate successful administrators. The top "ranked" administrators…

Finch, Curtis R.; And Others

159

Principals' Perceptions of Their Approaches to Organizational Leadership: Revisiting Bolman and Deal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a study that examined how a stratified random sample of California school administrators characterized their use of behavior strategies. Uses a four-approach framework and nine specific managerial functions to extract a total of 36 possible sets of behavior strategies. Principals perceived the human-resource approach as most extensively…

Bista, Min B.; Glasman, Naftaly S.

1998-01-01

160

Teachers' Perceptions of the Instructional Leadership Role of the Principal in Implementing Effective Instructional Leadership Practices to Prepare Students for the Georgia High School Graduation Test  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to build upon Askins's 2002 research by examining the perceptions of Georgia educators as it relates to the instructional leadership role of the principal in helping 11th- and 12th-grade teachers adjust to the newly implemented Georgia Performance Standards and high-stakes testing. This study used qualitative-dominant…

Holyfield, Beverly R.

2010-01-01

161

A Case Study of Principal Leadership in Guiding School and Classroom Instructional Practices in an Urban School of Diversity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study seeks to explore the leadership practices of the principal in a high performing urban school of diversity. Generally speaking, instructional leader effectiveness is often dependent upon the school leader's ability to create an environment where strong professional collaboration, frequent dialogue, and shared norms exist for improving…

Flamini, Richard V.

2010-01-01

162

Teachers' Perception of Their Principal's Leadership Style and the Effects on Student Achievement in Improving and Non-Improving Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers' perceptions of their school leaders influence student achievement in their schools. The extent of this influence is examined in this study. This quantitative study examined teachers' perceptions of the leadership style of their principals as transformational, transactional or passive-avoidant in improving and non-improving schools in…

Hardman, Brenda Kay

2011-01-01

163

An Investigation of the Relationship between Teachers' Ratings of Their Principals' Leadership Style and Teachers' Job Satisfaction in Public Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between principals' leadership styles and teachers' job satisfaction. A demographic survey, the School-Level Environment Questionnaire (Fisher and Fraser, 1990), and the Job Descriptive Index (Smith, et, al. 1969) were administered to 232 teachers representing the San Antonio Independent School District. The…

Shead, Lisa M.

2010-01-01

164

The Relationship between the Leadership Styles of Texas Catholic High School and Middle School Principals and Student Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was two-fold. The primary goal was to investigate the relationship between the leadership style of Texas Catholic school principals and student performance. Student performance was assessed by national standardized tests: American College Test (ACT), the SAT (formerly known as the "Scholastic Aptitude Test" or "Scholastic…

Moreno, Rick

2009-01-01

165

The Lived Experiences of Secondary School Principals with Respect to Their Perceptions of the Influence of Emotional Intelligence on Their Leadership: A Phenomenological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the realm of educational leadership little attention has been given to emotional intelligence. This phenomenological narrative study was designed to explore the lived experiences of school principals with respect to their perceptions of the influence of emotional intelligence on their leadership. Research indicates that principals have an…

Keith, Marc A.

2009-01-01

166

Measuring Principal Performance: How Rigorous Are Commonly Used Principal Performance Assessment Instruments? A Quality School Leadership Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief reviews the publicly available principal assessments and points superintendents and policy makers toward strong instruments to measure principal performance. Specifically, the measures included in this review are expressly intended to evaluate principal performance and have varying degrees of publicly available evidence of psychometric…

Condon, Christopher; Clifford, Matthew

2010-01-01

167

Development and Validation of a Principal Implementation Practices Measure: The Principal Implementation Questionnaire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Measurement of principal implementation behaviors has proved difficult to researchers in educational leadership due to a lack of consensus on the operational definitions of leadership constructs. The Principal Implementation Questionnaire (PIQ) was developed and validated with the intention of providing clarity in the assessment of principal

Nettles, Stephen M.; Petscher, Yaacov

2007-01-01

168

Relationship between Organizational Culture, Leadership Behavior and Job Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Organizational culture refers to the beliefs and values that have existed in an organization for a long time, and to the beliefs\\u000a of the staff and the foreseen value of their work that will influence their attitudes and behavior. Administrators usually\\u000a adjust their leadership behavior to accomplish the mission of the organization, and this could influence the employees' job\\u000a satisfaction.

Yafang Tsai

2011-01-01

169

Teacher Expectations and Principal Behavior: Responding to Teacher Acquiescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the relationship between low teacher expectations and principal behavior. The researcher investigated why some teachers seem to acquiesce, or make deals and "give in," to student disengagement. After a two-year ethnographic study in an alternative school for at-risk Black students, the author found that White teachers are…

Khalifa, Muhammad A.

2011-01-01

170

A Comparative Study of Educational Leadership Behavior by Gender and Race  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The philosophies and behaviors of a leader constitute his or her leadership style. Historically, studies of educational leadership have focused on the philosophies and behaviors of white males. Over the past forty years, there have been a number of studies conducted that seek to identify differences between male and female leadership styles.…

Campbell, Sonya B.

2010-01-01

171

The Role of the Principal in Fostering the Development of Distributed Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the role that formal leaders play in helping distributed leadership take root and flourish in schools is explored. The focus of the study is an urban middle school, one of six cases in a larger three-year investigation of distributed leadership in two mid-Atlantic states. Using interview and document-based data, the authors…

Murphy, Joseph; Smylie, Mark; Mayrowetz, David; Louis, Karen Seashore

2009-01-01

172

The Relationship between School Principals' Leadership Styles and Collective Teacher Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to determine the relationship between school administrators' leadership styles and the collective teacher efficacy based on teachers' perceptions. In line with this objective, the multifactor leadership style scale and the collective teacher efficacy scale were applied on 223 teachers who were working in the province of…

Akan, Durdagi

2013-01-01

173

Teacher Expectations and Principal Behavior: Responding to Teacher Acquiescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the relationship between low teacher expectations and principal behavior. The researcher investigated\\u000a why some teachers seem to acquiesce, or make deals and ‘give in,’ to student disengagement. After a two-year ethnographic\\u000a study in an alternative school for at-risk Black students, the author found that White teachers are more likely than Black\\u000a teachers to engage in deal-making with

Muhammad A. Khalifa

174

A Study of Teacher Perceptions of the Relationship between Leadership Styles of Principals in High and Low Performing West Virginia Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to identify differences in the leadership styles of principals in high and low performing West Virginia elementary schools based on teacher perceptions from the Bolman and Deal Leadership Orientation (Other) instrument. The reading/language arts and mathematics index was used to classify high and low performing schools.…

Penix, Gus E.

2009-01-01

175

A Review of Three Decades of Doctoral Studies Using the Principal Instructional Management Rating Scale: A Lens on Methodological Progress in Educational Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This report continues in the lineage of reviews of research in educational leadership and management by examining methodological approaches used by doctoral researchers in studying principal instructional leadership. Research Design: The article reviews the full set of 130 doctoral dissertations completed over the past three decades…

Hallinger, Philip

2011-01-01

176

Public High School Assistant Principals' Reports of Self-Efficacy in Performing Their Professional Job Responsibilities in Accordance with the Educational Leadership Constituency Council's Standards for Advanced Programs in Educational Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore and describe public high school assistant principals' reports of self-efficacy (Bandura, 1997) in performing their professional job responsibilities in accordance with the Educational Leadership Constituency Council's (ELCC) Standards for Advanced Programs in Educational Leadership (National Policy Board…

Bell, Susan A.

2011-01-01

177

Leadership.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This SRP shows that values and ethics are essential to leadership and that good leadership is the foundation of a successful organization. People's values drive the development of their ethical conduct and thereby play a major role in their leadership abi...

R. D. Johnson

2003-01-01

178

The Impact of Values and Leadership on Knowledge Integration Behaviors in Medical Projects Teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on social network and social exchange theories, this paper explored the relations among perceived team values, paternalistic leadership, team affective commitment (TAC) and knowledge integration behaviors (KIBs) in the 31 medical project teams. The empirical study founded team values, paternalistic leadership did not have Synergistic effects on TAC and KIBs; meanwhile, although team values, paternalistic leadership have direct effects

Zhang Peng-cheng; Zhang Li-bin; Hou Zu-rong; Zhang Ke-jun

2008-01-01

179

The Relationship Between Leadership Behaviors and Group Cohesion in Team Sports  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between leadership behaviors and team cohesion among baseball and softball players at two school levels was analyzed in relation to predictions based on Chelladurai and Carron's (1978) Multidimensional Model of Leadership (MML). Athletes (n = 307) completed the perceived and preferred versions of the Leadership Scale for Sports (LSS) and the Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ). Athletes' coaches (n

David Lyle Light Shields; Douglas E. Gardner; Brenda Jo Light Bredemeier; Alan Bostro

1997-01-01

180

The Role of Leadership Capacity in Sustaining the School Improvement Initiative of Schoolwide Positive Behavior Supports  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines what occurred within schools successfully implementing and sustaining Schoolwide Positive Behavior Supports through the lens of leadership capacity. Leadership capacity, a broad-based, skillful participation in leadership, promotes the capabilities of many organizational members to lead. Researchers used quantitative analysis…

Combs, Christine; Martin, Barbara N.

2011-01-01

181

Foundations for Measuring the Development and Emergence of Leadership Behavior.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report provides an overview of previous models of leadership and describes how work on transformational and transactional leadership complements and extends those previous models. A brief critique of previous leadership conceptualizations is provided...

A. Lau L. Atwater B. Avolio B. Brass

1993-01-01

182

Socially Focused, Situationally Driven Practice: A Study of Distributed Leadership among School Principals and Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated how school counselors and principals perceive their professional relationship with each other. Specifically, it used Q methodology to develop 45 statements about the relationship between the school counselor and the principal. Subsequently, 39 professional school counselors and principals sorted the statements. Four factors…

Militello, Matthew; Janson, Chris

2007-01-01

183

Toward Instructional Leadership: Principals' Perceptions of Large-Scale Assessment in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a study of the perceptions that Saskatchewan school principals have regarding large-scale assessment reform and their perceptions of how assessment reform has affected their roles as principals. The findings revealed that large-scale assessments, especially provincial assessments, have affected the principal in Saskatchewan…

Prytula, Michelle; Noonan, Brian; Hellsten, Laurie

2013-01-01

184

Textbook Leadership? An Analysis of Leading Books Used in Principal Preparation. PEPG 05-03  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an era of accountability, where school leaders are expected to demonstrate bottom-line results and use data to drive decisions, the skill and knowledge of principals matter more than ever. Amidst the efforts to prepare principals for this new world, little scholarly attention has been paid to the content of what principals are actually reading…

Hess, Frederick M.; Kelly, Andrew P.

2005-01-01

185

Meeting the Challenges of Cultural Leadership: The Changing Role of Principals in Thailand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the changing role of principals in Thailand using a cultural lens. Global educational trends and new expectations for school improvement have placed Thai principals firmly at the crossroads between tradition and change. The paper proposes several avenues that Thai principals may explore in order to manage the conflicting…

Hallinger, Philip

2004-01-01

186

The Making of the Principal: Five Lessons in Leadership Training. Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States and districts facing pressure to have all children meet high standards have been paying overdue attention to improving school leadership as a way to advance instruction and drive needed changes throughout schools. What will it take to ensure that "all" public schools have leaders equal to the challenges facing them? That question has placed…

Mitgang, Lee

2012-01-01

187

Beyond Coffee with the Principal: Toward Leadership for Authentic School-Family Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article problematizes conventional school-family partnerships, as geared toward narrow school agendas or mandates for collaboration, and documents efforts to lead more authentic partnerships as part of socially just urban schools. Just as meaningful parent involvement needs to go "beyond the bake sale," so, too, must leadership for authentic…

Auerbach, Susan

2010-01-01

188

Principal Leadership: Blending the Historical Perspective with the Current Focus on Competencies in the Alberta Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to explore the impact of the standards movement on the principalship in the province of Alberta, Canada. In 2009 the minister of education approved a set of practice guidelines for school leaders. The "Guidelines" list seven practice standards called leadership competencies. In 2012 a review was conducted to see…

Mombourquette, Carmen

2013-01-01

189

Using Peer Learning Support Networks and Reflective Practice: The Arkansas Leadership Academy Master Principal Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Arkansas Leadership Academy (ALA) was established in 1991 and is a nationally recognized statewide partnership that includes 15 universities, 9 professional associations, the Arkansas Departments of Education, Higher Education, Career Education, and several other government and business agencies. In 2011, there were 49 partners involved…

Bengtson, Ed, Airola, Denise, Peer, Diana, Davis.

2012-01-01

190

The Relationship of Leadership Styles, Gender and Years of Experience of Middle School Principals in North Carolina on Achievement and Growth Trends on the End of Grade Exams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership is an ever changing process and principals play a key role in the instructional focus of a school which often times created success in instruction (Riordan, 2003). Principals face different challenges today while improving schools and student academic achievement. The perceptions of an effective school leader has changed over the years…

Brooks, Morris, Jr.

2009-01-01

191

Leadership and Community Participation: Four Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews relevant literature on systemic change and community participation. Explores leadership styles of principals in four community-minded middle schools. Administrators should be aware of their individual leadership styles and their effects on others' behavior. Principals wishing to foster empowerment in schools should move toward a…

Carr, Alison A.

1997-01-01

192

Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a growing need for imaginative and creative thought to support leadership among local school systems, and the faculty in educational administration at Washington State University are engaged in a leadership development program for AASA and the National Academy of School Executives. The ideas being developed cover the following areas: 1)…

Brain, George B.

193

Parallel leadership for school improvement in Singapore: A case study on the perceived roles of school principals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational leadership for the 21 st century calls for a new and different working relationship between educators. In addition to well-kn own approaches to educational leadership such as transformational, strategic, educative and organiza tional styles, the notion of parallel leadership is receiving much attention with growing evidence from A ustralian schools that this leadership style facilitates school improvement. Parallel leadership

David Ng; Senthu Jeyaraj; Lim Swee Pei; Bernice Lee; Jonathan Goh; Joy Chew

194

Managerial Behavior of Special Education, Elementary, and Secondary Principals: An Empirical Assessment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings of this study of the managerial behavior of special education principals are compared with findings of other studies of managerial behavior of elementary and secondary principals. Mintzberg's theoretical model of administrative behavior (1973) was applied to special education principals. Five structured observations were conducted with…

Madsen, Jean; Reyes, Pedro

195

The Perception and Treatment by Teachers and Principals of the Behavioral Problems of Elementary School Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared were attitudes of elementary school teachers and principals on their classification of student behavior and discipline problems and behavior change treatment needed. Subjects consisted of 170 elementary school teachers and 15 principals in a mid-western city school system. Reaction of teachers and principals to discipline and behavior

Dobson, Russell; Brewer, Leon

196

The Intersection of Race and Gender in School Leadership for Three Black Female Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using four assumptions of Black feminism, this qualitative study describes the practice of three African-American female principals in predominantly African-American, urban high schools. First, in general, the principals seemed to understand their experiences as part of a larger historical context. Second, given the shared racial and gender…

Reed, Latish Cherie

2012-01-01

197

Exemplary Leadership in Challenging Urban Public School Settings It's the Principal of the Thing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examined exemplary principals in ten public schools that are located in challenging urban settings; schools in six cities located in four different states were studied. As a result, ten emerging themes have been identified that are shared by these exemplary principals, themes that can serve as a basis for improving and/or evaluating…

Gutelius, Harry

2011-01-01

198

The High School Associate Principal: Case Studies of an Emerging Role in Educational Leadership and Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers in the field of educational administration have given little attention to the role of the associate principal. The research reported in this dissertation sought to fill that void through a close examination of the roles of the associate principals on two campuses in two different school districts. In addition to illustrating the role…

Fox, Kenneth F.

2010-01-01

199

Assessing the Validity of an Annual Survey for Measuring Principal Leadership Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because research has shown that principals' practices can significantly impact teaching and learning in their schools through multiple avenues, it is critical to understand the validity of tools that measure principal practice. While the field has relied heavily on self-report surveys, little is known about their validity. This study compares…

Camburn, Eric M.; Huff, Jason T.; Goldring, Ellen B.; May, Henry

2010-01-01

200

The Role of the Elementary Principal in the Instructional Leadership of Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore, understand, and analyze principals' perceptions of their role as the instructional leader with special education teachers. Both surveys and follow-up telephone interviews were utilized for data collection. Findings indicate that principals holding a state special education teaching certificate reported…

Frost, Lea Anne; Kersten, Thomas

2011-01-01

201

Central Office Leadership in Principal Professional Learning Communities: The Practice beneath the Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background/Context: Some school districts across the country have begun to convene principals in professional learning communities (PPLC) as a strategy to help principals develop as instructional leaders, and they have designated executive-level central office staff to lead the PPLCs. Extant research suggests the promise of PPLCs for supporting…

Honig, Meredith I.; Rainey, Lydia R.

2014-01-01

202

Comparisons of Conceptual Preference for Cultural and Leadership Behavior in an Information Technology Organization  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary focus of the research study conducted was to analyze the predictive leadership behaviors of Southern Asian and United States individuals in the information technology career field. This research validates the leadership traits and behaviors of information technology types of United States individuals that enhance the impact of…

Valley, Amina B.

2009-01-01

203

The Principal as Curriculum Leader  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's reform landscape transcends instructional leadership and data-based decision-making skills. This is not to say that those behaviors are not essential to a principal's success, but they no longer suffice. Principals do not need to be curriculum experts, but they do need to lead their schools with full knowledge of the Common Core State…

Jenkins, Judy; Pfeifer, R. Scott

2012-01-01

204

Getting Results From Science Teacher Leadership: The Critical Role of Principals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There is growing evidence that teacher leaders and principals are indeed effecting-and perhaps-essential allies in leading schoolwide improvement in teacher effectiveness and student learning. This chapter opens with a detailed look at the empirical and t

Miller, Barbara; Landel, Carolyn

2009-02-21

205

The Effect of School Principals' Leadership Styles on Teachers' Organizational Commitment and Job Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have conducted a number of studies in order to demonstrate the effects of leadership styles on school outcomes. In these research studies, particularly, the full range of leadership styles have been used. The impact of transformational leadership, transactional leadership and laissez faire stated in this model on job satisfaction and…

Aydin, Ayhan; Sarier, Yilmaz; Uysal, Sengul

2013-01-01

206

Principal Instructional Leadership Can Reverse the Under-Representation of Black Students in Gifted Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although black students represent 16% of the student population nationally, they comprise only 8% of the student population in gifted programs. Principals can rectify this situation by focusing on teacher supervision and evaluation, staff development, and quality control. Teachers must be held accountable for providing quality learning experiences…

Grantham, Tarek C.; Ford, Donna Y.

1998-01-01

207

Impact of Two Elementary School Principals' Leadership on Gifted Education in Their Buildings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently principals are involved with a variety of programs offered in schools, such as IDEA, English Language Learners, Title I remedial services, migrant education, and gifted and talented programs. However, there is a growing recognition that gifted students are being poorly served by most public schools. The purpose of this study was to…

Lewis, Joan D.; Cruzeiro, Patricia A.; Hall, Charmaine A.

2007-01-01

208

Enhancing Motivational Opportunity in Elementary Schooling: A Case Study of the Ecology of Principal Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the efforts of an elementary private school principal to create a motivating school climate. Discusses four ecological principles: (1) the development of activities that recognize individuality and demand involvement and adaptation; (2) the expansion of resources to the whole school community; (3) the interdependence of activities at each…

Butterworth, Barbara; Weinstein, Rhona S.

1996-01-01

209

The Relationship between Elementary Principals' Visionary Leadership and Students' Reading Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on elementary principals as instructional leaders, as well as public school initiatives and educational accountability in the United States. It presents the methodology, instrumentation, measures of academic achievement in Florida, data collection, and processing procedures. Finally, it presents data analysis, results of the…

Mora-Whitehurst, Rina

2013-01-01

210

Beyond the School Walls: A Case Study of Principal Leadership for School-Community Collaboration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how one urban elementary school in a high-reform district and state developed strong connections with community business and organizations as part of its program of school, family, and community partnerships, identifying four factors that allowed the school to maintain successful partnerships: school commitment to learning, principal

Sanders, Mavis G.; Harvey, Adia

2002-01-01

211

Exemplary Programs Produce Strong Instructional Leaders. School Leadership Study: Developing Successful Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an effort to increase the knowledge about professional development programs that promote strong instructional leaders, the Wallace Foundation recently commissioned a study of innovative principal professional development programs and the policy and funding mechanisms that support them. In fall 2003, the foundation awarded a grant to a team of…

LaPointe, Michella; Davis, Stephen

2006-01-01

212

Students with Special Needs, Reading Education, and Principals: Bridging the Divide through Instructional Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals are held accountable for achievement results of students on state-mandated assessments. Special needs students who struggle with literacy can impact the pass rates on these assessments. This study identifies how reading is taught to special needs students in both self-contained and inclusion settings at the secondary level in one school…

Sanzo, Karen; Clayton, Jennifer; Sherman, Whitney

2011-01-01

213

The Leadership Styles of Hong Kong Kindergarten Principals in a Context of Managerial Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since the implementation of the Pre-primary Education Voucher Scheme (PEVS) in 2007, its built-in quality assurance mechanism has brought about subtle changes in the work relationship between kindergarten (KG) principals and teachers. The increasing demand for accountability and the call for improvement in the quality of pre-school education are…

Chan, Chi Wai

2014-01-01

214

Best from the Best: Distinguished Principals Offer Nine Instructional Leadership Practices That Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The term "best practice" is commonly used to describe "what works" in a specific situation or environment. When principals face a thorny challenge, they turn to their colleagues in the principalship for ideas about which strategies, activities, and approaches have proved to be effective and efficient in addressing the issue. NAESP plays a crucial…

Principal, 2012

2012-01-01

215

At the Intersection of Principal and Teacher Instructional Leadership: The Case of Donaldson Elementary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After 2 years of progress, the literacy initiative at Donaldson Elementary faces challenges because of a disagreement between Principal Joanna Jackson and Literacy Coordinator Loretta Sullivan over whether Sullivan's role should include evaluative classroom observations and whether teachers should be mandated to receive coaching. The case is…

Stoelinga, Sara Ray

2010-01-01

216

How Principals Learn to Lead: The Comparative Influence of On-the-Job Experiences, Administrator Credential Programs, and the ISLLC Standards in the Development of Leadership Expertise among Urban Public School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the comparative influence of college administrator credential programs, on-the-job experiences, and the ISLLC Standards in the development of leadership expertise among urban public school principals. An exploratory, ex-post-facto research design used both quantitative and qualitative approaches. A survey…

Davis, Stephen H.; Leon, Ronald J.; Fultz, Miriam

2013-01-01

217

The relationship between charismatic leadership, work engagement, and organizational citizenship behaviors.  

PubMed

Researchers in organizational behavior have long been interested in exploring how employees' perceptions of their leaders influence their work-related thoughts and behaviors. This study tested a meditation model linking leader charisma to organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) via work engagement. The authors administered 91 participants the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, the OCB Scale, and the Work Engagement Scale. The results indicated a significant positive relation between charismatic leadership and work engagement, between work engagement and OCB, and between charismatic leadership and OCB. Results also indicate a full mediation of leadership's effects on OCB via work engagement. This mediation relation suggests some of the mechanisms of charismatic leadership, and it provides an interesting avenue for future research. PMID:20461933

Babcock-Roberson, Meredith Elaine; Strickland, Oriel J

2010-01-01

218

The Knowing-Doing Gap: The Influence of Teacher Feedback in Changing Principal Behavior--A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods study attempted to determine how a system of regular feedback from teachers on principal's work influenced the way in which two principals incorporated the 21 Leadership Responsibilities into their daily practice. Since Principals are the front line of school reform, even when a school commits to an improvement effort that is…

St. Martin, Kimberly

2010-01-01

219

Leadership and Self-Propelled Behavior Based Autonomous Virtual Fish Motion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a method of shoal motion with an effective leadership of autonomous virtual fish. Shoal motion is led by a leader and computed by five steering behavior vectors including cohesion, separation, velocity, escape and goal vectors. Through experiments, we demonstrate that a leader of the motion simulation has great effect in leadership and great accuracy to guide the

Seongah Chin; Chung-yeon Lee; Seongdong Kim

2008-01-01

220

The Relationship between High School Mathematics Teachers' Leadership Behavior and Students' Mathematics Anxiety.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined teacher leadership behavior in the high school mathematics classroom according to Kouzes and Posner's conceptual framework of credible, exemplary leadership. Data were gathered from 13 mathematics teachers, and 445 high school mathematics students from two suburban high schools. This study found that students did not perceive…

Joannon-Bellows, Felicia J.

221

Using Cluster Analysis to Segment Students Based on Self-Reported Emotionally Intelligent Leadership Behaviors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using emotionally intelligent leadership (EIL) as the model, the authors identify behaviors that three levels of leaders engage in based on a self-report inventory (Emotionally Intelligent Leadership for Students-Inventory). Three clusters of students are identified: those that are "Less-involved, Less Others-oriented," "Self-Improvers," and…

Facca, Tina M.; Allen, Scott J.

2011-01-01

222

Exploration of the Construct Validity of a Leadership Behavior Rating System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The construct validity of a leadership behavior rating system used by the U.S. Military Academy (USMA) was examined as a prelude to a longitudinal program of research on leadership development. Their system centers on Cadet performance Report (CPR) rating...

E. H. Schwager K. L. Evans

1996-01-01

223

TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP AND JOB BEHAVIORS: THE MEDIATING ROLE OF CORE JOB CHARACTERISTICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the effects of transformational leadership on task performance and organi- zational citizenship behavior (OCB) are well-documented, the mechanisms that ex- plain those effects remain unclear. We propose that transformational leadership is associated with the way followers view their jobs, in terms of Hackman and Oldham's (1976) core job characteristics. Results of our study support a structural model whereby indirect

RONALD F. PICCOLO; JASON A. COLQUITT

2006-01-01

224

The relationship between transformational leadership behaviors, psychological, and training outcomes in elite military recruits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies examined the effects of a differentiated model of transformational leadership on follower outcomes. In Study 1, 484 UK Royal Marine recruits completed questionnaires about their trainers' leadership behaviors and their own attitudes towards training. Training outcome was measured as successful completion of training or non-completion. Discriminant function analyses identified that fostering acceptance of group goals, inspirational motivation, appropriate

Lew Hardy; Calum A. Arthur; Graham Jones; Adie Shariff; Kathy Munnoch; Izzy Isaacs; Adrian J. Allsopp

2010-01-01

225

A behavior genetic investigation of the relationship between leadership and personality.  

PubMed

Phenotypic research on leadership style has long considered the importance of individual differences in personality when identifying the behaviors associated with good leaders. Although leadership and many personality traits have been separately shown to be heritable, these constructs have not been examined with genetically informative data to identify common sources of heritability in the two domains. A logical extension to current research, therefore, is to examine the extent to which factors of personality are predictive of leadership dimensions and the extent to which unique genetic contributions to the relationship between personality and leadership style may be identified. Adult twin pairs (183 MZ and 64 same-sex DZ) completed the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) and the Personality Research Form (PRF). Univariate analyses indicated that both leadership factors (transformational and transactional leadership) and all five of the "Big Five" factors (openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, disagreeableness, and neuroticism) were best fit by genetic models. Multivariate genetic analyses suggest that transformational leadership shows a statistically significant positive genetic correlation with conscientiousness, extraversion, and openness to experience. Transactional leadership shows a significant negative genetic correlation with conscientiousness and extraversion, and a significant positive genetic correlation with disagreeableness. These results underscore the importance of conscientiousness and extraversion in predicting leadership style, and illustrate important differences between transformational and transactional leaders. PMID:15053851

Johnson, Andrew M; Vernon, Philip A; Harris, Julie Aitken; Jang, Kerry L

2004-02-01

226

The Influence of Principal Transformational Leadership Style on High School Proficiency Test Results in New Jersey Comprehensive and Vocational-Technical High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New Jersey High School Proficiency Test (HSPT) is a "high stakes" test administered as a graduation requirement to all 11th grade students in New Jersey high schools. High school principals have been held increasingly accountable for successful HSPT scores. This study used Leithwood's model of transformational leadership (K. Leithwood, 1994),…

Verona, Gail S.; Young, John W.

227

Interviewing for the Principal's Job: A Behavior-Based Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The stakes are high when one decides to leave a tenured teaching position or an assistant principalship to interview for a principal's position. However, the stakes are high for the future employer as well. The school district needs to know that the applicant is ready for a job that is very complex. As a new principal, the applicant will be…

Clement, Mary C.

2009-01-01

228

Principals' Management Behavior, Personality Types and Physiological Stress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from portable heart-rate monitors and work diaries were used to relate Mintzberg's "nature of managerial work" to physiological stress in small number of working principals over three complete work days. Principals found to be working under extreme stress for long hours, and certain activities were more stressful than others. Implications are…

Cooper, Bruce S.; And Others

1988-01-01

229

Leadership behavior in relation to dominance and reproductive status in gray wolves, Canis lupus  

USGS Publications Warehouse

We analyzed the leadership behavior of breeding and nonbreeding gray wolves (Canis lupus) in three packs during winter in 1997-1999. Scent-marking, frontal leadership (time and frequency in the lead while traveling), initiation of activity, and nonfrontal leadership were recorded during 499 h of ground-based observations in Yellowstone National Park. All observed scent-marking (N = 158) was done by breeding wolves, primarily dominant individuals. Dominant breeding pairs provided most leadership, consistent with a trend in social mammals for leadership to correlate with dominance. Dominant breeding wolves led traveling packs during 64% of recorded behavior bouts (N = 591) and 71% of observed travel time (N = 64 h). During travel, breeding males and females led packs approximately equally, which probably reflects high parental investment by both breeding male and female wolves. Newly initiated behaviors (N = 104) were prompted almost 3 times more often by dominant breeders (70%) than by nonbreeders (25%). Dominant breeding females initiated pack activities almost 4 times more often than subordinate breeding females (30 vs. 8 times). Although one subordinate breeding female led more often than individual nonbreeders in one pack in one season, more commonly this was not the case. In 12 cases breeding wolves exhibited nonfrontal leadership. Among subordinate wolves, leadership behavior was observed in subordinate breeding females and other individuals just prior to their dispersal from natal packs. Subordinate wolves were more often found leading packs that were large and contained many subordinate adults.

Peterson, R. O; Jacobs, A. K.; Drummer, T. D.; Mech, L. D.; Smith, D. W.

2002-01-01

230

Seven behaviors to advance teamwork: findings from a study of innovation leadership in a simulation center.  

PubMed

Traditional notions of individual-based leadership behaviors are no longer adequate to achieve innovation in health care organizations. A major contributing factor for limited innovation is that outdated leadership practices, such as leader centricity, linear thinking, and poor readiness for innovation, are being used in health care organizations. Through a qualitative case study analysis of innovation implementation, 7 characteristics of innovation leadership, founded in team behaviors, were uncovered. The characteristics that were uncovered included boundary spanning, risk taking, visioning, leveraging opportunity, adaptation, coordination of information flow, and facilitation. These characteristics describe how leaders throughout the system were able to influence and implement innovation successfully. PMID:24896576

Weberg, Dan; Weberg, Kim

2014-01-01

231

Director, Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences, ES-0180, SBE/BCS (Closes: 11/30/2005)  

NSF Publications Database

... Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences (BCS), Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic ... principal spokesperson in the area of behavioral and cognitive sciences. Provides leadership and ...

232

Director, Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences, ES-0180, SBE/BCS (Closes: 10/14/2005)  

NSF Publications Database

... Division of Behavioral and Cognitive Sciences (BCS), Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic ... principal spokesperson in the area of behavioral and cognitive sciences. Provides leadership and ...

233

Distributed Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School-reform efforts in recent years have stressed, and expanded, the leadership role of the principal. But in the view of many analysts, the task of transforming a school is too complex for one person to accomplish alone. Consequently, a new model of leadership is developing: distributed leadership. This Research Roundup summarizes five…

Lashway, Larry

2003-01-01

234

Dentists' leadership-related educational experiences, attitudes, and past and current behavior.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess practicing dentists' perceptions of their leadership-related educational experiences during predoctoral education and after graduation, to investigate if these perceptions differed as a function of the respondents' graduation year and gender, and to explore the relationships between educational experiences and the respondents' understanding/perceptions of leadership, leadership-related attitudes, self-perceived effectiveness, and past and current leadership- related behavior. Of the 3,000 general dentist members of the American Dental Association who were invited to participate, 593 returned the survey for a response rate of 20 percent. Between 37 and 65 percent of the respondents indicated that their predoctoral dental education had not prepared them well on a series of factors related to being leaders in their practice, community, state, or at the national level. However, 33 to 77 percent of these dentists responded that educational experiences after graduation prepared them well for different types of leadership activities. Overall, respondents rated their predoctoral experiences significantly less positively than their experiences after graduation for each content area. The more recently the respondents had graduated, the higher they rated their leadership-related educational experiences. The better their educational experiences, the more important the respondents evaluated leadership activities in their practice, organized dentistry, and research/teaching, the more important they assessed leadership to be, and the more effective they evaluated themselves to be as leaders. The perceived quality of the respondents' predoctoral education was not correlated with their past and current leadership activities. The results of this study may suggest that improving leadership training during predoctoral education could positively affect future dentists' attitudes about leadership and ratings of their own effectiveness as leaders. PMID:24882773

Taichman, L Susan; Taichman, Russell S; Inglehart, Marita R

2014-06-01

235

Management training effects on nurse manager leadership behavior.  

PubMed

Costly organization-based leadership/management development training gives little evidence that such training affects long-term changes in nurse manager leader style adaptability in meeting situations and staff needs. PMID:1922426

Johnson, K R; D'Argenio, C

1991-01-01

236

The moderating role of leader and follower sex in dyads on the leadership behavior–leader effectiveness relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transformational leadership (TL) and leader–member exchange (LMX) literatures provide theoretical frameworks and accompanying empirical evidence for studying the relationship between leader behavior and effectiveness. Although prior attention has been given to gender differences in leadership style and leader effectiveness, the moderating effects of the sex of the leader and subordinate on the leadership–leader effectiveness relationship have not been investigated. In

Ceasar Douglas

237

LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR AND EMPLOYEE VOICE: IS THE DOOR REALLY OPEN?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigate the relationships between two types of change-oriented leadership (transformational leadership and managerial openness) and subordinate improve- ment-oriented voice in a two-phase study. Findings from 3,149 employees and 223 managers in a restaurant chain indicate that openness is more consistently related to voice, given controls for numerous individual differences in subordinates' personality, satisfaction, and job demography. This relationship is

JAMES R. DETERT; ETHAN R. BURRIS

2007-01-01

238

Developing a Psychometrically Sound Assessment of School Leadership: The VAL-ED as a Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has consistently shown that principal leadership matters for successful schools. Evaluating principals on the behaviors shown to improve student learning should be an important leverage point for raising leadership quality. Yet principals are often evaluated with the use of instruments with no theoretical background and little, if any,…

Porter, Andrew C.; Polikoff, Morgan S.; Goldring, Ellen; Murphy, Joseph; Elliott, Stephen N.; May, Henry

2010-01-01

239

Principal challenges in predicting guidedwave behavior in NDT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three principal challenges are described that hamper non-destructively assessing the health of a structure by using ultrasonic guided waves. They relate to computer run times, transducer coupling and its characterization, as well as accurate signal processing. Although more universally applicable, comments are illustrated by using the 3-dimensional example of a uniform, isotropic, and linear steel pipe having a through hole. Computer predictions and corresponding experimental measurements needed for their corroboration are examined. The former is more amenable to assessing trends and answering "what if?" questions whereas the latter is likely closer to reality.

Stoyko, D. K.; Adeogun, K. A.; Popplewell, N.; Bai, H.

2012-05-01

240

Negative Leadership.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Senior leaders must have the moral courage to modify the behavior or eliminate negative leadership in the Army. If action is not taken immediately, negative leaders and their toxic leadership style will be taught to their subordinates, the future leaders ...

D. M. Oberlander

2013-01-01

241

Teachers' Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Examining the Boundary between In-Role Behavior and Extra-Role Behavior from the Perspective of Teachers, Principals and Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how different stakeholders in school (principals, teachers, parents) conceptualize teachers' role breadth, i.e., whether they define given behaviors commonly assumed to be OCBs as in-role or extra-role behaviors. Drawing on a survey of 29 principals, 245 teachers and 345 parents, the results showed that principals and teachers…

Belogolovsky, Elena; Somech, Anit

2010-01-01

242

Rethinking Instructional Leadership, a Review: What Do We Know about Principal, Teacher, and Coach Instructional Leadership, and Where Should We Go from Here?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this article is to uncover what scholars know and do not know about instructional leadership, paying particular attention to what they have learned about how this work is done and where knowledge falls short. The author takes a first step at integrating three distinct literatures: (a) the traditional instructional…

Neumerski, Christine M.

2013-01-01

243

Using principal component analysis for selecting network behavioral anomaly metrics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work addresses new approaches to behavioral analysis of networks and hosts for the purposes of security monitoring and anomaly detection. Most commonly used approaches simply implement anomaly detectors for one, or a few, simple metrics and those metrics can exhibit unacceptable false alarm rates. For instance, the anomaly score of network communication is defined as the reciprocal of the likelihood that a given host uses a particular protocol (or destination);this definition may result in an unrealistically high threshold for alerting to avoid being flooded by false positives. We demonstrate that selecting and adapting the metrics and thresholds, on a host-by-host or protocol-by-protocol basis can be done by established multivariate analyses such as PCA. We will show how to determine one or more metrics, for each network host, that records the highest available amount of information regarding the baseline behavior, and shows relevant deviances reliably. We describe the methodology used to pick from a large selection of available metrics, and illustrate a method for comparing the resulting classifiers. Using our approach we are able to reduce the resources required to properly identify misbehaving hosts, protocols, or networks, by dedicating system resources to only those metrics that actually matter in detecting network deviations.

Gregorio-de Souza, Ian; Berk, Vincent; Barsamian, Alex

2010-04-01

244

Family leadership styles and adolescent dietary and physical activity behaviors: a cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Background Transformational leadership is conceptualized as a set of behaviors designed to inspire, energize and motivate others to achieve higher levels of functioning, and is associated with salient health-related outcomes in organizational settings. Given (a) the similarities that exist between leadership within organizational settings and parenting within families, and (b) the importance of the family environment in the promotion of adolescent health-enhancing behaviors, the purpose of this exploratory study was to examine the cross-sectional relationships between parents’ transformational leadership behaviors and adolescent dietary and physical activity behaviors. Methods 857 adolescents (aged 13–15, mean age?=?14.70 yrs) completed measures of transformational parenting behaviors, healthful dietary intake and leisure-time physical activity. Regression analyses were conducted to examine relationships between family transformational leadership and adolescent health outcomes. A further ‘extreme group analysis’ was conducted by clustering families based on quartile splits. A MANCOVA (controlling for child gender) was conducted to examine differences between families displaying (a) HIGH levels of transformational parenting (consistent HIGH TP), (b) LOW levels of transformational parenting (consistent LOW TP), and (c) inconsistent levels of transformational parenting (inconsistent HIGH-LOW TP). Results Results revealed that adolescents’ perceptions of family transformational parenting were associated with both healthy dietary intake and physical activity. Adolescents who perceived their families to display the highest levels of transformational parenting (HIGH TP group) displayed greater healthy eating and physical activity behaviors than adolescents who perceived their families to display the lowest levels of transformational parenting behaviors (LOW TP group). Adolescents who perceived their families to display inconsistent levels of transformational parenting behaviors (HIGH-LOW TP group) displayed the same levels of healthy eating behaviors as those adolescents from the LOW TP group. For physical activity behaviors, adolescents who perceived their families to display inconsistent levels of transformational parenting behaviors (HIGH-LOW TP group) did not differ in terms of physical activity than those in either the HIGH TP or LOW TP group. Conclusions Family transformational parenting behaviors were positively associated with both healthful dietary intake and leisure-time physical activity levels amongst adolescents. The findings suggest that transformational leadership theory is a useful framework for understanding the relationship between family leadership behaviors and adolescent health outcomes.

2012-01-01

245

Leader personality traits and employee voice behavior: mediating roles of ethical leadership and work group psychological safety.  

PubMed

The antecedents and consequences of ethical leadership were examined in a study of 894 employees and their 222 immediate supervisors in a major financial institution in the United States. The leader personality traits of agreeableness and conscientiousness were positively related to direct reports' ratings of the leader's ethical leadership, whereas neuroticism was unrelated to these ratings. Ethical leadership influenced followers' voice behavior as rated by followers' immediate supervisors. This relationship was partially mediated by followers' perceptions of psychological safety. Implications for research on ethical leadership and means to enhance ethical behavior among leaders and nonleaders are discussed. PMID:19702370

Walumbwa, Fred O; Schaubroeck, John

2009-09-01

246

On Being a Principal: The Rewards and Challenges of School Leadership. New Directions for School Leadership. The Jossey-Bass Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The principalship is increasing in complexity and responsibility to the point where principals themselves find it increasingly difficult to know their function in schools. Principals were invited to write for this volume about what is rewarding to them about the work they do. This book explores what makes the position worthwhile to these school…

Donaldson, Gordon A., Jr., Ed.

1997-01-01

247

Introduction to Educational Leadership and Organizational Behavior: Theory into Practice. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Like the bestselling first edition, this introductory textbook succinctly presents concepts and theories of educational leadership and organizational behavior and immediately applies them to problems of practice. It includes practical case studies, real-world scenarios and analyses, reflection questions, and straightforward explanations of…

Chance, Patti L.

2009-01-01

248

Motivating Peak Performance: Leadership Behaviors That Stimulate Employee Motivation and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of leader behaviors on motivation levels of employees was examined in this study. Two hundred twenty-three vice presidents and chief officers from 104 member colleges and universities in the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities were sampled. Leaders were administered the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ-rater…

Webb, Kerry

2007-01-01

249

Relationship between gilt behavior and meat quality using principal component analysis.  

PubMed

Pig on-farm behavior has important repercussions on pig welfare and performance, but generally its relationship with meat quality is not well understood. We used principal component analysis to determine the relationship between meat quality traits, feeding patterns, scale activity, and number of conflict-avoidance interactions. The first principal component indicated that gilts with greater daily feed intake stayed longer in the feeder and their meat had increased intramuscular fat (IMF), was lighter in color, and, in the second principal component, had better juiciness, tenderness, chewiness, and flavor. Meat from gilts with lower scale activity scores appeared to have more IMF but greater drip losses (DL). The third principal component suggested that dominant gilts could gain priority access to the feeder, eating more and growing fatter. In conclusion, except for the slight associations with IMF and DL, gilt scale activity and conflict-avoidance behaviors were not good indicators of final meat quality attributes. PMID:23921217

Ros-Freixedes, R; Sadler, L J; Onteru, S K; Smith, R M; Young, J M; Johnson, A K; Lonergan, S M; Huff-Lonergan, E; Dekkers, J C M; Rothschild, M F

2014-01-01

250

Preparing Principals for High-Need Rural Schools: A Central Office Perspective about Collaborative Efforts to Transform School Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents district administrators' reflections about (a) the contextual challenges they face in leading a high-need rural school system in Central Appalachia and (b) the change initiatives they implemented to transform the principalship from school management to instructional leadership. After several years of reform efforts, the…

Browne-Ferrigno, Tricia; Allen, Lawrence W.

2006-01-01

251

(Almost) Everything You'll Ever Need to Know: A Former Principal, Superintendent and Education Professor with Decades of Experience under His Belt Offers a Concise Guide to School Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features the 13 guidelines to leadership taken from the experience of a professor. As a professor in the administrative services credential program at California State University, Stanislaus, the author helped scores of teachers become principals. He also was a teacher, principal, director of research and superintendent (Hillsborough…

Anton, Tod

2005-01-01

252

Effective Instructional Time Use for School Leaders: Longitudinal Evidence from Observations of Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars have long argued that principals should be "instructional leaders," but few studies have empirically linked specific instructional leadership behaviors to school performance. This study examines the associations between leadership behaviors and student achievement gains using a unique data source: in-person, full-day…

Grissom, Jason A.; Loeb, Susanna; Master, Benjamin

2013-01-01

253

The Influence of Leadership Behavior and Organizational Commitment on Organizational Readiness for Change in a Higher Learning Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many factors contribute to the effectiveness in implementing organizational change. However, many change effort fail due to several factors such as lack of commitment, style of leadership, and emotional distress of the employees who have to implement the change. This study was intended to determine the influence of leadership behavior and…

Nordin, Norshidah

2012-01-01

254

Developing a Concept of the Principalship. The Lecture Series of the 1967 Leadership Course for School Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of nine papers by six different authors is directed toward developing a concept of the principalship. Topics analyzed include general functions of the principal, the organization in which he works, formulation of objectives, and the relationship of the principal to his staff, students, superintendent, and school board. (LLR)

Miklos, E., Ed.; Stewart, A. N., Ed.

255

Leadership of Mathematics Reform: The Role of High School Principals in Rural Schools. ACCLAIM Monograph No. 3  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To date, there has never been an empirical study that has examined the actual activities of rural principals on behalf of improving mathematics education. This monograph presents the results of the first study of rural principals' engagement with mathematics education "reform." This study posed three research questions relating to rural high…

Larson, William; Howley, Aimee

2006-01-01

256

The Changing Relationship between Principal and Superintendent: Shifting Roles in an Era of Educational Reform. New Directions for School Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book examines how the shift toward school-based management affects the relationship between principals and superintendents. The 11 chapters were written by 5 pairs of superintendents and principals who were asked to reflect on these changes in education. The contributors were instructed not to focus on the particulars of an individual but to…

Boris-Schacter, Sheryl, Ed.

1999-01-01

257

Christian Leadership Literature Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Christian leadership is distinctively different from other major leadership conceptions such as instructional, transactional, and transformational leadership conceptions. With few studies found, the author had to consult the Bible and also non-school Christian literature instead, focusing on Hong Kong principal leadership in Protestant…

Yu, Connie Chuen Ying

2007-01-01

258

Collaborative Behaviors among Special Education Resource Specialists, General Education Teachers, and Their Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to describe to what extent seven collaborative behaviors were demonstrated by general education teachers assigned students with disabilities, special education Resource Specialists, and the principals in selected California elementary schools that met their 2006-2007 and 2007-2008 English language arts annual…

Polhemus, Constance E.

2010-01-01

259

How Do Principals Respond to Charter School Competition? Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study from the National Center on School Choice contributes to the research by exploring the factors that affect principals' perceptions of charter school competition and the extent to which their leadership behavior may change in response. Central research questions of the study were: (1) How do principals perceive the competition…

Cannata, Marisa

2011-01-01

260

Principals Value-Informed Decision Making, Intrapersonal Moral Discord, and Pathways to Resolution: The Complexities of Moral Leadership Praxis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This research seeks to explore the inevitable internal struggle experienced by school leaders when making ethically-informed judgments. The study acquired principals' intimate reflections about professional decision making in response to personal versus organizational and/or professional value discrepancy as identified in the ethic of the…

Frick, William C.

2009-01-01

261

Principal Leadership for School, Family, and Community Partnerships: The Role of a Systems Approach to Reform Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on data from a longitudinal multiple case study, this article describes how district-level expectations, policies, and practices affected principals' responses to an external reform in two school districts, one urban and one suburban. The specific reform highlighted is a comprehensive family and community engagement approach developed…

Sanders, Mavis G.

2014-01-01

262

Principals as Middle Managers: School Leadership during the Implementation of Primary Class Size Reduction Policy in Ontario  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous work on policy implementation has often suggested that schools leave their "thumbprints" on policies received from above. During the implementation of Primary Class Size Reduction (PCS) Initiative in Ontario, Canada, however, school principals spoke with remarkable uniformity about the ways PCS affected their work. This article reports…

Flessa, Joseph J.

2012-01-01

263

Minimizing deviant behavior in healthcare organizations: the effects of supportive leadership and job design.  

PubMed

In an era when healthcare organizations are beset by intense competition, lawsuits, and increased administrative costs, it is essential that employees perform their jobs efficiently and without distraction. Deviant workplace behavior among healthcare employees is especially threatening to organizational effectiveness, and healthcare managers must understand the antecedents of such behavior to minimize its prevalence. Deviant employee behavior has been categorized into two major types, individual and organizational, according to the intended target of the behavior. Behavior directed at the individual includes such acts as harassment and aggression, whereas behavior directed at the organization includes such acts as theft, sabotage, and voluntary absenteeism, to name a few (Robinson and Bennett 1995). Drawing on theory from organizational behavior, we examined two important features of supportive leadership, leader-member exchange (LMX) and perceived organizational support (POS), and two important features of job design, intrinsic motivation and depersonalization, as predictors of subsequent deviant behavior in a sample of over 1,900 employees within a large US healthcare organization. Employees who reported weaker perceptions of LMX and greater perceptions of depersonalization were more likely to engage in deviant behavior directed at the individual, whereas employees who reported weaker perceptions of POS and intrinsic motivation were more likely to engage in deviant behavior directed at the organization. These findings give rise to specific prescriptions for healthcare managers to prevent or minimize the frequency of deviant behavior in the workplace. PMID:21166322

Chullen, C Logan; Dunford, Benjamin B; Angermeier, Ingo; Boss, R Wayne; Boss, Alan D

2010-01-01

264

The impact of salesperson transformational leadership behavior on customer relationship marketing behavior : A study of the Sri Lankan corporate banking sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the impact of transformational leadership behavior of salespersons on the level of customers' trust and customers' relationship commitment with the salespersons in the Sri Lankan corporate banking sector. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on the literature, it was hypothesized that idealized influence behavior and individualized considerate behavior of salespersons positively affect customers'

J. A. S. K. Jayakody; W. M. A. Sanjeewani

2006-01-01

265

An Examination of the Effect of Coach Leadership Behaviors on the Psychosocial Development of Division III College Football Players  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the relationship between student athlete development and coach leadership behaviors in NCAA Division III football players. Three key elements support this study. The first, Thelma Horn's model of coaching effectiveness, provided the framework for the impact of coaching behaviors on student athlete development. The second,…

Williams, Gary P.

2010-01-01

266

Good-to-Great Superintendents: An Examination of Jim Collins' Good-to-Great Level Five Leadership Attributes as Demonstrated by the Leadership Behaviors of Superintendents of High-Performing California Public Single-School Districts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine Collins' good-to-great Level Five leadership attributes, as demonstrated by the leadership behaviors of superintendents of high-performing California public single-school districts. Methodology: The researcher used a case study design to conduct this study. Personal interviews were conducted in…

Brown, James D.

2010-01-01

267

The Relationship Between the Leader Behavior of Principals and Teacher Morale in the Vocational Centers of Maryland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 179 vocational-technical teachers at 14 vocational centers in Maryland concluded that teacher morale was related to the leader behavior of the principal. Teacher morale was significantly related to the principal's system orientation as well as his person orientation. (Author/BP)

Laird, Robert; Luetkemeyer, Joseph F.

1976-01-01

268

Principal Preparedness: Superintendent Perceptions of New Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National advocacy groups have undertaken significant efforts to define the performance capacities needed by principals to lead schools in this era of continuous improvement and accountability. There has been little articulation between the core skills essential to new principals and the leadership capacities of experienced peers. This study…

Cray, Martha; Weiler, Spencer C.

2011-01-01

269

Investigating the behavioral and self-report constructs of impulsivity domains using principal component analysis.  

PubMed

Impulsivity, often defined as a human behavior characterized by the inclination of an individual to act on urge rather than thought, with diminished regard to consequences, encompasses a range of maladaptive behaviors, which are in turn affected by distinct neural systems. Congruent with the above definition, behavioral studies have consistently shown that the underlying construct of impulsivity is multidimensional in nature. However, research to date has been inconclusive regarding the different domains or constructs that constitute this behavior. In addition there is also no clear consensus as to whether self-report and laboratory based measures of impulsivity measure the same or different domains. This study aimed to: (i) characterize the underlying multidimensional construct of impulsivity using a sample with varying degrees of putative impulsivity related to substance misuse, including subjects who were at-risk of substance use or addicted (ARA), and (ii) assess relationships between self-report and laboratory measures of impulsivity, using a principal component-based factor analysis. In addition, our supplementary goal was to evaluate the structural constructs of impulsivity within each group separately (healthy and ARA). We used five self-report measures (Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Activation System, Barratt Impulsivity Scale-11, Padua Inventory, Zuckerman Sensation Seeking Scale, and Sensitivity to Punishment and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire) and two computer-based laboratory tasks (Balloon Analog Risk Task and the Experiential Discounting Task) to measure the aspects of impulsivity in a total of 176 adult subjects. Subjects included healthy controls (n = 89), nonalcoholic subjects with family histories of alcoholism (family history positive; n = 36) and both former (n = 20) and current (n = 31) cocaine users. Subjects with a family history of alcoholism and cocaine abusers were grouped together as 'at-risk/addicted' (ARA) to evaluate our supplementary goal. Our overall results revealed the multidimensional nature of the impulsivity construct as captured optimally through a five-factor solution that accounted for nearly 70% of the total variance. The five factors/components were imputed as follows 'Self-Reported Behavioral Activation', 'Self-Reported Compulsivity and Reward/Punishment', 'Self-Reported Impulsivity', 'Behavioral Temporal Discounting', and 'Behavioral Risk-Taking'. We also found that contrary to previously published reports, there was significant overlap between certain laboratory and self-report measures, indicating that they might be measuring the same impulsivity domain. In addition, our supplemental analysis also suggested that the impulsivity constructs were largely, but not entirely the same within the healthy and ARA groups. PMID:19724194

Meda, Shashwath A; Stevens, Michael C; Potenza, Marc N; Pittman, Brian; Gueorguieva, Ralitza; Andrews, Melissa M; Thomas, Andre D; Muska, Christine; Hylton, Jennifer L; Pearlson, Godfrey D

2009-09-01

270

Distributed Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stories of leadership successes follow a familiar structure: A charismatic leader, often the CEO or school principal, takes over a struggling school, establishing new goals and expectations and challenging business as usual within the organization. This leader creates new organizational routines and structures that with time transform the school's culture, contributing in turn to greater teacher satisfaction, higher teacher expectations

James P. Spillane

2005-01-01

271

Leadership and Persuasion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The basic question is how should a leader select an appropriate leadership style, and use the power of persuasion to influence the actions of subordinates. Possible leadership styles, based on behavioral science findings are first examined. The styles dif...

M. W. Rose

1975-01-01

272

Who Leads and Who Lags? A Comparison of Cheating Attitudes and Behaviors among Leadership and Business Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic dishonesty and cheating has become endemic, and has also been studied in great depth by researchers. The authors examine the differences between undergraduate business students (n = 136) and leadership students (n = 89) in terms of their attitudes toward academic dishonesty as well as their cheating behaviors. They found that business…

Simha, Aditya; Armstrong, Josh P.; Albert, Joseph F.

2012-01-01

273

Perceptions of BIA and Contract School Principals Towards Building Level Administrative/Leadership Roles: Implications for At-Risk Native American Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study profiles the leadership exhibited by secondary school administrators in the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) and contract schools serving American Indian students. Of 54 surveyed administrators, 44 percent completed a self-reported descriptive questionnaire and The Leadership Practices Inventory (LPI). Indian and non-Indian administrators…

Chance, Edward W.; Ristow, Robert

274

The Moderating Role of Safety-Specific Trust on the Relation Between Safety-Specific Leadership and Safety Citizenship Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined whether safety-specific trust moderates or mediates the relationship between safety-specific transformational leadership and subordinates' safety citizenship behavior. Data from 139 subordinate-supervisor dyads were collected from the United Kingdom construction industry and analyzed using hierarchical regression models. Results showed that safety-specific trust moderated rather than mediated the effects of safety-specific transformational leaders on subordinates' behavior. Specifically, in conditions

Stacey M. Conchie; Ian J. Donald

2009-01-01

275

Cyberbullying: Implications for Principal Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cyberbullying has been identified by school leaders and researchers as one of the most serious adverse consequences of incorporating information technology into the classroom. This article examines the legal status of cyberbullying by conducting an analysis of selected federal appellate court opinions. This analysis identifies a set of legal…

Hvidston, David J.; Hvidston, Brynn A.; Range, Bret G.; Harbour, Clifford P.

2013-01-01

276

Leadership Practices of Successful Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is one in a series of "hot topics" reports produced twice a year by the Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory. These reports briefly address current educational concerns and issues as indicated by requests for information that come to the Laboratory from the Northwest region and beyond. Each booklet contains a discussion of…

Brewster, Cori; Klump, Jennifer

2005-01-01

277

Mentoring for Beginning Principals: Revisiting the Past or Preparing for the Future?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a study of mentoring programs for beginning principals in two different urban school districts. In both settings, the goal of mentoring was said to be support for instructional leadership behaviors by novice principals. This represents an alternative to traditional mentoring schemes designed solely to ensure that first year…

Daresh, John C.

2007-01-01

278

National contexts influencing principals' time use and allocation: economic development, societal culture, and educational system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of macro-context factors on the behavior of school principals. More specifically, the article illuminates how a nation's level of economic development, societal culture, and educational system influence the amount of time principals devote to their job role and shape their allocation of time to instructional leadership, administration, and management of relationships with parents and community.

Moosung Lee; Philip Hallinger

2012-01-01

279

Improving Principals' Peformance through Training in the Decision Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-nine principals, classified according to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, filled out quesionnaires based on Vroom's leadership behavior model and Mintzberg's 10 manageral subroles. Because the findings correlate effectiveness with time allotted to disturbance handling and entrepreneurial roles, three recent decision-science techniques are…

Brightman, Harvey J.

1984-01-01

280

The Principal and Discipline. Elementary Principal Series No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The fifth of six volumes in the "Elementary Principal Series," this booklet clarifies the principal's leadership role in developing an effective school discipline policy that stresses staff involvement and student self-control. As team leader, the principal works with staff to establish standards and insists that they be enforced. A principal sets…

Meyers, Kenneth; Pawlas, George

281

Creating Strong Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals have a substantial effect on the quality of learning in their schools. Likewise, districts have a substantial effect on the quality of their leaders. A growing number of large school districts are focusing on two objectives to strengthen school leadership: (1) building a pipeline of new principals who are ready to tackle the most…

Mendels, Pamela; Mitgang, Lee D.

2013-01-01

282

The Leadership Metanoia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An argument is presented that "leadership metanoia," (i.e., a fundamental shift of mind in relation to leadership) has recently taken hold in many parts of the country, with implications for leadership development at Lorain Community College (LCC) in Ohio. The first section of the paper reviews the work of the six behavioral scientists who exerted…

Church, Roy A.

283

Gene-Environment Interplay between Number of Friends and Prosocial Leadership Behavior in Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Enriched environments may moderate the effect of genetic factors on prosocial leadership (gene-environment interaction, G × E). However, positive environmental experiences may also themselves be influenced by a genetic disposition for prosocial leadership (gene-environment correlation, rGE). Relating these processes to friendships, the present…

Rivizzigno, Alessandra S.; Brendgen, Mara; Feng, Bei; Vitaro, Frank; Dionne, Ginette; Tremblay, Richard E.; Boivin, Michel

2014-01-01

284

Leader empathy, ethical leadership, and relations-oriented behaviors as antecedents of leader-member exchange quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Leader empathy, ethical values, and relations-oriented behavior all appear to be relevant for effective leadership, but nobody has examined how all three variables are jointly related to leader-member exchange quality (LMX). The purpose of this study is to examine these relationships and test a proposed model describing them. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data were collected with a questionnaire from subordinates

Rubina Mahsud; Gary Yukl; Greg Prussia

2010-01-01

285

The Essential Leadership Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces the reader to the Essential Leadership Model (ELM). The ELM provides a vocabulary and framework for clarifying and prioritizing the many complex and competing demands of the principalship. The ELM supports principals in identifying the critical needs of a school and the leadership knowledge, skills, and dispositions to meet…

Knuth, Richard K.; Banks, Patricia Anne

2006-01-01

286

Cultivating Educational Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores leadership development from preservice preparation programs to renewal activities for veteran administrators. Staff development professionals offer examples of leadership development, such as the preparation of prospective principals, using mentors, promoting ownership in staff development, linking school districts with universities, and…

Asayesh, Gelareh

1993-01-01

287

Promoting principals' managerial involvement in instructional improvement  

PubMed Central

Studies of school leadership suggest that visiting classrooms, emphasizing achievement and training, and supporting teachers are important indicators of the effectiveness of school principals. The utility of a behavior-analytic program to support the enhancement of these behaviors in 2 school principals and the impact of their involvement upon teachers' and students' performances in three classes were examined in two experiments, one at an elementary school and another at a secondary school. Treatment conditions consisted of helping the principal or teacher to schedule his or her time and to use goal setting, feedback, and praise. A withdrawal design (Experiment 1) and a multiple baseline across classrooms (Experiment 2) showed that the principal's and teacher's rates of praise, feedback, and goal setting increased during the intervention, and were associated with improvements in the academic performance of the students. In the future, school psychologists might analyze the impact of involving themselves in supporting the principal's involvement in improving students' and teachers' performances or in playing a similar leadership role themselves.

Gillat, Alex; Sulzer-Azaroff, Beth

1994-01-01

288

Male and Female Leadership: Conversations with Middle School Principals in the Midlands Area of South Carolina regarding Their Perspectives on Gender Issues in Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every day across this country thousands of tireless school leaders work against daunting obstacles to help educate our nation's youth (Rotherham, 2003). Educational leadership is an intricate profession. Like an elaborately woven quilt, it takes numerous hours, dedication, operational hands, an innovative thought process, a variety of threads and…

Tindal, LaNisha C.

2009-01-01

289

It's Not the "What," It's the "How": Four Key Behaviors for Authentic Leadership in Early Intervention  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights four key behaviors that typify authentic leadership. Authentic leaders (1) exercise influence to reach shared goals; (2) engage in continuous learning; (3) build and nurture relationships; and (4) model behaviors they want others to display. Although the behaviors are presented as distinct, they are inextricably linked and…

LaRocco, Diana J.; Bruns, Deborah A.

2013-01-01

290

Managerial Leadership: A Review of Theory and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews and evaluates major theories of leadership and summarizes findings from empirical research on leadership. Major topics and controversies include leadership versus management, leader traits and skills, leader behavior and activities, leader power and influence, situational determinants of leader behavior, situational moderator variables, transformational leadership, importance of leadership for organizational effectiveness, and leadership as an attributional process. Methodological

Gary Yukl

1989-01-01

291

Financing and Policy Contexts for Principal Preparation and In-Service Training Programs: Mid-Course Findings from a Study of Innovative Programs. School Leadership Study: Developing Successful Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

All principal preparation and professional development programs operate within a local, state, and national policy and financing context that influences their structure, shapes their priorities, and, in some cases, dictates their existence. Financing and policy directly affect how much professional development for principals takes place, what…

Cohen, Carol; Fickel, Lucinda

2005-01-01

292

The Principal's Role in Promoting Teachers' Extra-Role Behaviors: Some Insights from Road-Safety Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study aimed to understand the principal's role in promoting or inhibiting the appearance of teacher organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) in safety education. Based on semistructured interviews with 30 teachers and 10 principals working in the Israeli State Education System, it was found that the principal influences teacher…

Oplatka, Izhar

2013-01-01

293

The Perfect Principal: A Teacher's Fantasy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Briefly describes the perfect principal's leadership, consciousness of human relations, charisma, visibility, high standards, positive attitude, openness, organization, consistency, and involvement in professional activities. (PGD)

Webb, Diana

1985-01-01

294

Leadership Succession Planning Guide for Maryland Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide presents a unique look at leadership succession issues in the public school sector, particularly the shortage of quality principals. It provides a stimulus for conversation for senior leadership in school systems, an outline for those educators interested in preparing their own leadership succession plan, and an actual leadership

Cary, Mary; Foran, Jim

2006-01-01

295

Collective Leadership: Reinventing the Principalship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The principalship, as it is currently structured, makes the best teacher educators avoid formal leadership roles. Fewer and fewer leaders aspire to that level of leadership, causing a shortage of qualified principal applicants, particularly at the high school level. Even among assistant principals, managerial challenges drown out the appeal of…

Chirichello, Michael

2004-01-01

296

Principal Behaviors That Encourage Teachers To Stay in the Profession: Perceptions of K-8 Teachers in Their Second to Fifth Year of Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated K-8 teachers beliefs about their principals' behaviors and attitudes that encouraged them to remain in teaching. Teachers completed interviews that focused on principal behaviors, levels of support received, relationships between level of support and decision to stay in teaching, job satisfaction, job stress, and school…

Richards, Jan

297

Principal Perceptions and Student Achievement in Reading in Korea, Mexico, and the United States: Educational Leadership, School Autonomy, and Use of Test Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study compared PISA 2009 student reading literacy scores with principal perceptions across three countries with varying levels of student performance: Korea, Mexico, and the United States. Seventy-five countries participated in PISA 2009, which measured 15-year-old children's reading achievement and principal perceptions. The study…

Shin, Seon-Hi; Slater, Charles L.; Backhoff, Eduardo

2013-01-01

298

In pursuit of power: The role of authoritarian leadership in the relationship between supervisors’ Machiavellianism and subordinates’ perceptions of abusive supervisory behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we considered both supervisor (personality and leadership behavior) and victim characteristics (organization-based self-esteem) in predicting perceptions of abusive supervision. We tested our model in two studies consisting of supervisor–subordinate dyads from Australia and the Philippines. Specifically, we found that: (1) supervisor Machiavellianism was positively associated with subordinate perceptions of abusive supervision; (2) subordinate perceptions of authoritarian leadership

Kohyar Kiazad; Simon Lloyd D. Restubog; Thomas J. Zagenczyk; Christian Kiewitz; Robert L. Tang

2010-01-01

299

The viscoelastic behavior of the principal compliance matrix of a unidirectional graphite/epoxy composite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The time-temperature response of the principal compliances of a unidirectional graphite/epoxy composite was determined. It is shown that two components of the compliance matrix are time and temperature independent and that the compliance matrix is symmetric for the viscoelastic composite. The time-temperature superposition principle is used to determine shift factors which are independent of fiber orientation, for fiber angles that vary from 10 D to 90 D with respect to the load direction.

Morris, D. H.; Yeow, Y. T.

1979-01-01

300

Developing Emotionally Intelligent Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transformational change in today's schools will require leaders with strong intrapersonal and interpersonal skills. A recent assessment program in South Carolina focused attention on the identification of the emotional intelligence of aspiring and newly appointed principals. A battery of personality and leadership assessments was used to develop…

Cox, Edward P.

2009-01-01

301

Principals as Classroom Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author suggests five ways in which busy principals can indirectly demonstrate their classroom leadership by encouraging teacher specialization, giving teachers opportunities to present case studies of at-risk students, building a diverse intellectual climate, instituting an idea exchange, and scheduling time for teachers to openly discuss a…

Bunting, Carolyn

2007-01-01

302

The Effect of Elementary Principals' Self-Perceived Instructional Leadership Behaviors on Reading and Math Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the nation endeavors to leave no child behind, more than 12 million of the U.S. children who live in poverty continue to be at risk of school failure. Having significant learning deficiencies, many of these children are substantially behind their more affluent peers and historically never catch up (Barr & Parrett, 2007), creating a daunting…

Quinn, Ricardo Rodrequiez

2011-01-01

303

Texas Principals--Implications for Perceived Roles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over 500 Texas secondary school principals emphatically say that their actual roles are not congruent with their ideal roles. The principals wish to become most involved in the instructional and curriculum leadership role. (Author/IRT)

Krajewski, Robert J.

1977-01-01

304

Ethical leadership.  

PubMed

In today's climate and environment, the conventional relationship between caring, economic, and administrative practices no longer serves the interest of patients, clinicians, or systems. A shift toward human caring values and an ethic of authentic healing relationships is required as systems now have to value human resources and life purposes, inner meaning, and processes for providers and patients alike. The costs of unethical behavior can be even greater for followers. When we assume the benefits of leadership, we also assume ethical burdens. It is the assertion and experience of the author that the triangle of ethics and ethical behavior, followers, and patient's outcomes are closely interrelated and affect each other in a very intimate and direct way. Unethical leadership may lead to follower disappointment and distrust, leading to lack of interest and commitment, consequently negatively impacting patient outcomes and organizational effectiveness. PMID:22864295

Keselman, David

2012-01-01

305

Leadership Behavior of Male and Female Coaches of Women's Intercollegiate Softball.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The coach must lead the way while teaching the athlete the skills necessary to replicate this leadership role someday. Coaches can teach athletes by example through the way they behave and lead. The example set may be remembered long after the practice se...

P. L. Lau

1992-01-01

306

Factor Stability and Construct Validation of Yukl's MBS (Managerial Behavior Survey) for Military Leadership.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this paper is to present some evidence regarding the factor stability and construct validity of the new taxonomy for military leadership. In doing this, a second step will be taken in that a comparative analysis of data from two points in t...

D. D. Van Fleet G. A. Yukl

1984-01-01

307

Introduction to Psychology and Leadership. A Behavioral Approach to Instructional Design and Media Selection.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a part of a course on leadership, psychology and management developed for the United States Naval Academy (the final report appears under EM 010 484, EM 010 418, and EM 010 419) this report proposes a new model for presentation design and media selection which distinguishes between media and presentations. Presentation Design is discussed in…

Westinghouse Learning Corp., Annapolis, MD.

308

A Modernization Myth: Public Management Reform and Leadership Behavior in the Irish Public Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess whether public service modernisation in Ireland is a ‘useful myth’, we examine aggregate indicators of leadership behaviours and the interview responses of recognised ‘change agents’ to assess whether there is a gap between the rhetoric and reality of follower engagement in pursuit of a transformative vision that official rhetoric highlights as a potentiality in this sector. The persistence

Joe Wallis; Linda McLoughlin

2010-01-01

309

Female traditional principals and co-principals: Experiences of role conflict and job satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a secondary analysis of survey data focusing on role conflict and job satisfaction of 102 female principals.\\u000a Data were collected from 51 female traditional principals and 51 female co-principals. By examining the traditional and co-principal\\u000a leadership models as experienced by female principals, this paper addresses the impact of the type of leadership model (traditional\\u000a principalship or co-principalship)

Ellen Wexler Eckman; Sheryl Talcott Kelber

2010-01-01

310

The viscoelastic behavior of the principal compliance matrix of a unidirectional graphite/epoxy composite  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A testing program was conducted to determine the time-temperature response of the principal compliances of a unidirectional graphite/epoxy composite. It was shown that the two components of the compliance matrix are time and temperature independent. In addition, the compliance matrix is symmetric for the viscoelastic composite. The time-temperature superposition principle is used to determine shift factors. It was shown that the shift factors are independent of fiber orientation for fiber angles that vary from 10 to 90 deg with respect to the load direction.

Morris, D. H.; Brinson, H. F.; Yeow, Y. T.

1980-01-01

311

Beginning Teacher Mentoring Programs: The Principal's Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful teacher mentoring programs require strong leadership. School principals must be prepared to provide this leadership by planning, organizing, implementing, and evaluating a mentoring program that is based on research and best practice. This paper provides practical information about how principals can create an environment favorable to…

David, Tom

312

The Learning Principal. Volume 6, Number 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"The Learning Principal" is an eight-page newsletter published eight times a year. It focuses on the important and unique work of school principals. This issue includes: (1) Taking Action on Equity (Anthony Armstrong); (2) School Leadership: Just How Forward Thinking Are You? (Frederick Brown); (3) From the Research: Leadership Practices that Make…

Armstrong, Anthony, Ed.

2010-01-01

313

The Ripple Effect: A Synthesis of Research on Principal Influence to Inform Performance Evaluation Design. A Quality School Leadership Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public education is a cornerstone of democracy, a prerequisite for economic recovery, and a key lever in achieving national commitment to equal opportunity for all. Although the nearly 90,000 public school principals constitute a relatively small percentage of the public education sector, their work can have a "ripple effect" on the 3.4 million…

Clifford, Matthew; Behrstock-Sherratt, Ellen; Fetters, Jenni

2012-01-01

314

"The Role of the Principal and Curriculum Associate in the Unitized, Differentiated Staffing, Elementary School." DSP Progress Report No. 3: Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the third in a series describing the background, theory, and progress of the Differentiated Staffing Project in the Eugene, Oregon, School District. The report focuses on changes in roles within the differentiated staffing structure. It discusses the elementary principal and the curriculum associate (CA) in a unitized,…

Arends, Richard I.; Essig, Don M.

315

Measuring School Climate for Gauging Principal Performance: A Review of the Validity and Reliability of Publicly Accessible Measures. A Quality School Leadership Issue Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This policy brief provides principal evaluation system designers information about the technical soundness and cost (i.e., time requirements) of publicly available school climate surveys. The authors focus on the technical soundness of school climate surveys because they believe that using validated and reliable surveys as an outcomes measure can…

Clifford, Matthew; Menon, Roshni; Gangi, Tracy; Condon, Christopher; Hornung, Katie

2012-01-01

316

Factors that Influence Females to Not Pursue the School Leadership Role of Principal in Secondary Schools in the 21st Century  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifying and attracting potential school leaders is a challenge for school districts. Whereas teachers represent the group from which the largest number of new principals will be drawn, fewer and fewer of them now seem willing to seek administrative positions. While women are prepared educationally, certified professionally, and waiting in…

Fisher, Charlotte A.

2010-01-01

317

Female Traditional Principals and Co-Principals: Experiences of Role Conflict and Job Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a secondary analysis of survey data focusing on role conflict and job satisfaction of 102 female principals. Data were collected from 51 female traditional principals and 51 female co-principals. By examining the traditional and co-principal leadership models as experienced by female principals, this paper addresses the impact…

Eckman, Ellen Wexler; Kelber, Sheryl Talcott

2010-01-01

318

Transformational Leadership and Moral Reasoning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Terms such as moral and ethical leadership are used widely in theory, yet little systematic research has related a sociomoral dimension to leadership in organizations. This study investigated whether managers' moral reasoning (n = 132) was associated with the transformational and transactional leadership behaviors they exhibited as perceived by their subordinates (n = 407). Managers completed the Defining Issues Test

Nick Turner; Julian Barling; Olga Epitropaki; Vicky ButcherCaroline Milner

2002-01-01

319

Developing a Parent-Professional Team Leadership Model in Group Work: Work with Families with Children Experiencing Behavioral and Emotional Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on the respective strengths of parent-led and professional-led groups, a parent-professional team leadership model for group interventions was developed and evaluated for families of youths with emotional and behavioral problems. The model was developed based on feedback from 26 parents in focus group sessions and recommendations from…

Ruffolo, Mary C.; Kuhn, Mary T.; Evans, Mary E.

2006-01-01

320

Transformational and transactional leadership effects on teachers' job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior in primary schools: The Tanzanian case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the effects of transformational and transactional leadership on teachers' job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior in the context of schools in a specific developing country context, that of Tanzania. It does so by testing a model of such effects using a set of data collected from a sample of Tanzanian primary school teachers. Regression analyses

Samuel Nguni; Peter Sleegers; Eddie Denessen

2006-01-01

321

Transformational and Transactional Leadership Effects on Teachers' Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment, and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Primary Schools: The Tanzanian Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the effects of transformational and transactional leadership on teachers' job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and organizational citizenship behavior in the context of schools in a specific developing country context, that of Tanzania. It does so by testing a model of such effects using a set of data collected from a…

Nguni, Samuel; Sleegers, Peter; Denessen, Eddie

2006-01-01

322

Transformational leadership and moral reasoning.  

PubMed

Terms such as moral and ethical leadership are used widely in theory, yet little systematic research has related a sociomoral dimension to leadership in organizations. This study investigated whether managers' moral reasoning (n = 132) was associated with the transformational and transactional leadership behaviors they exhibited as perceived by their subordinates (n = 407). Managers completed the Defining Issues Test (J. R. Rest, 1990), whereas their subordinates completed the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (B. M. Bass & B. J. Avolio, 1995). Analysis of covariance indicated that managers scoring in the highest group of the moral-reasoning distribution exhibited more transformational leadership behaviors than leaders scoring in the lowest group. As expected, there was no relationship between moral-reasoning group and transactional leadership behaviors. Implications for leadership development are discussed. PMID:12002958

Turner, Nick; Barling, Julian; Epitropaki, Olga; Butcher, Vicky; Milner, Caroline

2002-04-01

323

Leader Personality Traits and Employee Voice Behavior: Mediating Roles of Ethical Leadership and Work Group Psychological Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The antecedents and consequences of ethical leadership were examined in a study of 894 employees and their 222 immediate supervisors in a major financial institution in the United States. The leader personality traits of agreeableness and conscientiousness were positively related to direct reports’ ratings of the leader’s ethical leadership, whereas neuroticism was unrelated to these ratings. Ethical leadership influenced followers’

Fred O. Walumbwa; John Schaubroeck

2009-01-01

324

Perceived Growth versus Actual Growth in Executive Leadership Competencies: An Application of the Stair-Step Behaviorally Anchored Evaluation Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to describe student learning in executive leadership core competencies after being engaged in a two-semester leadership education sequence. The researchers used evaluative research techniques to compare perceived and actual growth in learning of executive leadership competencies. Data collection consisted of a…

McCormick, Michael J.; Dooley, Kim E.; Lindner, James R.; Cummins, Richard L.

2007-01-01

325

Leadership, trustworthiness, and the mediating lens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to propose and empirically test hypotheses concerning the influence of leadership behaviors on interpersonal perceptions of trustworthiness. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Survey research is employed to assess the dimensions of leadership behavior and dimensions of trustworthiness and to determine the relationships among the leadership behavior dimensions and trustworthiness dimensions. Findings – Factor analyses support

Cam Caldwell; Linda A. Hayes

2007-01-01

326

Fair and Just Culture, Team Behavior, and Leadership Engagement: The Tools to Achieve High Reliability  

PubMed Central

Background Disparate health care provider attitudes about autonomy, teamwork, and administrative operations have added to the complexity of health care delivery and are a central factor in medicine's unacceptably high rate of errors. Other industries have improved their reliability by applying innovative concepts to interpersonal relationships and administrative hierarchical structures (Chandler 1962). In the last 10 years the science of patient safety has become more sophisticated, with practical concepts identified and tested to improve the safety and reliability of care. Objective Three initiatives stand out as worthy regarding interpersonal relationships and the application of provider concerns to shape operational change: The development and implementation of Fair and Just Culture principles, the broad use of Teamwork Training and Communication, and tools like WalkRounds that promote the alignment of leadership and frontline provider perspectives through effective use of adverse event data and provider comments. Methods Fair and Just Culture, Teamwork Training, and WalkRounds are described, and implementation examples provided. The argument is made that they must be systematically and consistently implemented in an integrated fashion. Conclusions There are excellent examples of institutions applying Just Culture principles, Teamwork Training, and Leadership WalkRounds—but to date, they have not been comprehensively instituted in health care organizations in a cohesive and interdependent manner. To achieve reliability, organizations need to begin thinking about the relationship between these efforts and linking them conceptually.

Frankel, Allan S; Leonard, Michael W; Denham, Charles R

2006-01-01

327

Cultivating a Taste for Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most school districts wait for leadership talent to emerge by posting job openings and then seeing who applies. Some districts and charter-management organizations are starting to take a more active role in identifying and supporting future principals earlier in their careers. This more systematic approach to leadership development, known as…

Olson, Lynn

2008-01-01

328

Situational theory of leadership.  

PubMed

The situational theory of leadership and the LEAD instruments for determining leadership style are explained, and the application of the situational leadership theory to the process of planning for and implementing organizational change is described. Early studies of leadership style identified two basic leadership styles: the task-oriented autocratic style and the relationship-oriented democratic style. Subsequent research found that most leaders exhibited one of four combinations of task and relationship behaviors. The situational leadership theory holds that the difference between the effectiveness and ineffectiveness of the four leadership styles is the appropriateness of the leader's behavior to the particular situation in which it is used. The task maturity of the individual or group being led must also be accounted for; follower readiness is defined in terms of the capacity to set high but attainable goals, willingness or ability to accept responsibility, and possession of the necessary education or experience for a specific task. A person's leadership style, range, and adaptability can be determined from the LEADSelf and LEADOther questionnaires. By applying the principles of the situational leadership theory and adapting their managerial styles to specific tasks and levels of follower maturity, the authors were successful in implementing 24-hour pharmacokinetic dosing services provided by staff pharmacists with little previous experience in clinical services. The situational leadership model enables a leader to identify a task, set goals, determine the task maturity of the individual or group, select an appropriate leadership style, and modify the style as change occurs. Pharmacy managers can use this model when implementing clinical pharmacy services. PMID:2589352

Waller, D J; Smith, S R; Warnock, J T

1989-11-01

329

Learning-Centred Leadership or Pedagogical Leadership? An Alternative Approach to Leadership in Education Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of leadership in educational settings that has a principal focus on student learning is one dominated by Western cultures, particularly those in the USA; also, it has developed two near-identical models of leadership commonly known as "instructional" or "learning-centred". This paper explores the relevance of these models in the…

Male, Trevor; Palaiologou, Ioanna

2012-01-01

330

The lived experience of participation in student nursing associations and leadership behaviors: a phenomenological study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological research study was to obtain vivid descriptions of the lived experience of nurses who participated in a student nursing association (SNA) as students. Nursing graduates from five nursing programs in Long Island, New York were identified using a purposive sampling strategy. During individual interviews, the themes of the lived experiences of the participants emerged: (1) leadership: communication, collaboration and resolving conflict, (2) mentoring and mutual support, (3) empowerment and ability to change practice, (4) professionalism, (5) sense of teamwork, and (6) accountability and responsibility. Recommendations from the study included an orientation and mentoring of new students to the SNA by senior students and faculty. Additionally, nursing faculty could integrate SNA activities within the classroom and clinical settings to increase the awareness of the benefits of participation in a student nursing organization. Recommendations for future research include a different sample and use of different research designs. PMID:23189510

Lapidus-Graham, Joanne

2012-01-01

331

The Impact of a Professional Development Network on Leadership Development and School Improvement Goals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals are expected to create a vision for their schools with clearly articulated goals for sustainable change. The 2008 Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) Standards provide a strong framework for leadership knowledge, behavior and dispositions. ISLLC Standards 1 and 2 outline the school leader's responsibility in…

Rieckhoff, Barbara Stacy; Larsen, Catherine

2012-01-01

332

The Effect a Principal Has on the Effective School Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six schools in an urban school system with varying socioeconomic backgrounds were evaluated to determine what impact different instructional leadership styles have on student achievement. Since the principal is usually considered the instructional leader, the study focused on principal leadership styles, with principals categorized into three main…

Schmitt, Dorren Rafael

333

How Professional Standards Guide Practice for School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to provide an empirical measure of how principals enact prescribed leadership standards into practice. The aim of the study was to ascertain how current school principals perceive the practice of a specific set of leadership standards. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 61 practicing school principals in…

Militello, Matthew; Fusarelli, Bonnie; Alsbury, Thomas; Warren, Thomas P.

2013-01-01

334

Social Network Centrality and Leadership Status: Links with Problem Behaviors and Tests of Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventh-grade students (N = 324) completed social cognitive maps to identify peer groups and peer group leaders, sociometric nominations to describe their peers' behaviors, and questionnaires to assess their own behaviors. Peer group members resembled one another in levels of direct and indirect aggression and substance use; girls' cliques were…

Lansford, Jennifer E.; Costanzo, Philip R.; Grimes, Christina; Putallaz, Martha; Miller, Shari; Malone, Patrick S.

2009-01-01

335

Where Is Leadership Heading?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A consensus is emerging about how school leaders affect school performance, and how important principals are to improved student learning. Yet the national reform policies--No Child Left Behind and Race to the Top (RTT)--incorporate assumptions about school and district leadership that are very much at odds with this research. NCLB and RTT call…

Lytle, James H.

2012-01-01

336

Technology and School Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the demand for schools to become more effective and efficient learning communities increases, the need for principals to cultivate broad-based, skilful participation in the work of leadership is essential. It is important for educational leaders to recognise the significance of their role in technology implementation and utilisation. They…

Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Samah, Bahaman Abu; Fooi, Foo Say

2009-01-01

337

Creating a Leadership Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many articles about school improvement talk about data-driven instruction and statistics. In the barrage of evaluative numbers, school leaders can forget that teaching and leading are arts, not sciences. Positive outcomes depend on the ambience of the school, which is a direct result of the leadership style of its principal and assistant…

Bonnici, Charles A.

2011-01-01

338

Leadership Tensions and Dilemmas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results from the Tasmanian Successful School Principal Project (SSPP) survey concur with the four major leadership tensions and dilemmas identified in a background literature review. These tensions and dilemmas relate to internal/external control, ethic of care/responsibility, and an emphasis on professional/personal as well as…

Edmunds, Bill; Mulford, Bill; Kendall, Diana; Kendall, Lawrie

2008-01-01

339

Evaluating Principals: Balancing Accountability with Professional Growth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective principals are those who boost academic achievement for all students, increase the effectiveness of their teaching staffs, and consistently take leadership actions shown to improve outcomes for students. Therefore principal evaluation systems should place 70% of their weight on the ability of principals to increase student achievement…

New Leaders for New Schools (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

340

Toward a Normative Model of Leadership Style.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A normative model of leadership behavior is described. The model utilizes a taxonomy of leadership styles expressed in terms of decision processes, varying in terms of the amount of opportunity for subordinates to influence the decision. The general propo...

V. H. Vroom P. W. Yetton

1972-01-01

341

To empower or not to empower your sales force? An empirical examination of the influence of leadership empowerment behavior on customer satisfaction and performance.  

PubMed

This research focuses on the impact of leadership empowerment behavior (LEB) on customer service satisfaction and sales performance, as mediated by salespeople's self-efficacy and adaptability. Moreover, the authors propose an interactive relationship whereby LEB will be differentially effective as a function of employees' empowerment readiness. The authors' hypotheses are tested using survey data from a sample of 231 salespeople in the pharmaceutical field, along with external ratings of satisfaction from 864 customers and archival sales performance information. Results indicated that contrary to popular belief, employees with low levels of product/industry knowledge and low experience benefit the most from leadership behaviors that are empowering, whereas high-knowledge and experienced employees reap no clear benefit. The authors conclude with directions for future research and application. PMID:16162066

Ahearne, Michael; Mathieu, John; Rapp, Adam

2005-09-01

342

Paranoia: Perceptions of Public School Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines forces which are undermining the principal's leadership role and ability to effectively administer the school: teachers and unions; the competency movement; political and community interest groups; and media pundits. (SJL)

Salmon, Daniel A.

1980-01-01

343

The Relationship between Organizational Leadership for Safety and Learning from Patient Safety Events  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the relationship between organizational leadership for patient safety and five types of learning from patient safety events (PSEs). Study Setting Forty-nine general acute care hospitals in Ontario, Canada. Study Design A nonexperimental design using cross-sectional surveys of hospital patient safety officers (PSOs) and patient care managers (PCMs). PSOs provided data on organization-level learning from (a) minor events, (b) moderate events, (c) major near misses, (d) major event analysis, and (e) major event dissemination/communication. PCMs provided data on organizational leadership (formal and informal) for patient safety. Extraction Methods Hospitals were the unit of analysis. Seemingly unrelated regression was used to examine the influence of formal and informal leadership for safety on the five types of learning from PSEs. The interaction between leadership and hospital size was also examined. Principal Findings Formal organizational leadership for patient safety is an important predictor of learning from minor, moderate, and major near-miss events, and major event dissemination. This relationship is significantly stronger for small hospitals (<100 beds). Conclusions We find support for the relationship between patient safety leadership and patient safety behaviors such as learning from safety events. Formal leadership support for safety is of particular importance in small organizations where the economic burden of safety programs is disproportionately large and formal leadership is closer to the front lines.

Ginsburg, Liane R; Chuang, You-Ta; Blair Berta, Whitney; Norton, Peter G; Ng, Peggy; Tregunno, Deborah; Richardson, Julia

2010-01-01

344

The Principal as Tech Leader  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conventional wisdom in education is that any school reform--be it curriculum, instruction, assessment, or teacher professionalism--is most likely to take hold in schools that have strong leadership. The same holds true for technology. The most successful implementation of technology programs takes place in schools where the principal sees him…

Demski, Jennifer

2012-01-01

345

Veteran Advice for New Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A recent survey found that 67% of principals believe that school of education leadership programs are out of touch with what it takes to run a school district. Only 4% praise their graduate studies, and a majority say that mentoring and guidance from people they work with has the greatest benefit for them. In this article, the author asked three…

Krajewski, Bob; Conner, Nancy; Murray, Vincent; Williams, Claudia

2004-01-01

346

Relational Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the attributes and benefits of relational leadership. Also lists six competencies of relational leadership developed by the Center for Creative Leadership in Greensboro, North Carolina: Leading employees, interpersonal savvy, work-team orientation, conflict management, managing change in others, and effectively confronting problem…

Dyer, Karen M.

2001-01-01

347

Interim Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An interim principal can buy a school district time to land a permanent successor. Also lists where to find an interim principal; the interim's steadying influence; Bob Wallace's wild ride as an interim principal in post-retirement; and Roger Prosise's rationale for turning to an interim appointment. (MLF)

Beem, Kate

2003-01-01

348

The Intuitive Principal: A Guide to Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional demands on school administrators continue to multiply exponentially. Effective administrators require solid preparation programs, continuing professional development, extensive experience, mentoring, and the support of supervisor and school colleagues. Chapter 1, "Intuitive Ways of Knowing," references research on intuition, including…

Dyer, Karen M.; Carothers, Jacqueline

349

Principal Leadership in China: An Initial Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the literature on Chinese principalship written in English and Chinese between 1998 and 2008. The first sections discuss the rationale for the research, the review process, and the state of education research in mainland China. The review findings are presented as a set of core patterns and contributory subpatterns, which flow…

Walker, Allan; Hu, Rongkun; Qian, Haiyan

2012-01-01

350

Principal engineering design questions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The definition of principal questions is key to providing a common direction in the developing field of engineering design research. A general engineering framework can be utilized to identify these principal questions. This general framework rigorously defines variables and indicates relationships among the fundamental engineering variables of geometric form, material form, performance, behavior, environmental constraints, environmental conditions, space, and time.

Ronald Samuel LaFleur

1992-01-01

351

Leadership with a Conscience: Educational Leadership as a Moral Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leaders and aspiring leaders are constantly searching for role models who are successful in placing leadership theory into effective practice. This book identifies ten such role models whose heroic leadership behavior is analyzed in order to reveal what particular abilities and skills made them successful and how those attributes can be applied to…

Palestini, Robert

2011-01-01

352

Leadership in multiteam systems.  

PubMed

This study examined 2 leader functions likely to be instrumental in synchronizing large systems of teams (i.e., multiteam systems [MTSs]). Leader strategizing and coordinating were manipulated through training, and effects on functional leadership, interteam coordination, and MTS performance were examined. Three hundred eighty-four undergraduate students participated in a laboratory simulation modeling a 3-team MTS performing an F-22 battle simulation task (N = 64 MTSs). Results indicate that both leader training manipulations improved functional leadership and interteam coordination and that functional leader behavior was positively related to MTS-level performance. Functional leadership mediated the effects of both types of training on interteam coordination, and interteam coordination fully mediated the effect of MTS leadership on MTS performance. PMID:16551186

DeChurch, Leslie A; Marks, Michelle A

2006-03-01

353

Leadership Development for Program Directors  

PubMed Central

Background Residency program directors have increasingly challenging roles, but they may not be receiving adequate leadership development. Objective To assess and facilitate program directors' leadership self-awareness and development at a workshop retreat. Methods At our annual program director retreat, program directors and associate program directors from a variety of specialties completed the Thomas-Kilmann Conflict Mode Instrument (TKI), which evaluates an individual's behavior in conflict situations, and the Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership (HBSL) model, which measures individuals' preferred leadership style in working with followers. Participants received their results during the retreat and discussed their leadership style results in the context of conflict situations experienced in the past. An online survey was distributed 3 weeks after the retreat to assess participant satisfaction and to determine whether participants would make changes to their leadership styles. Results Seventeen program directors attended the retreat and completed the tools. On the TKI, 47% preferred the Compromising mode for handling conflict, while 18% preferred either the Avoiding or Accommodating modes. On the HBSL, 71% of program directors preferred a Coaching leadership style. Ninety-one percent of postretreat-survey respondents found the leadership tools helpful and also thought they had a better awareness of their conflict mode and leadership style preferences. Eighty-two percent committed to a change in their leadership behaviors in the 6 months following the retreat. Conclusions Leadership tools may be beneficial for promoting the professional development of program directors. The TKI and HBSL can be used within a local retreat or workshop as we describe to facilitate positive leadership-behavior changes.

Bing-You, Robert; Wiltshire, Whitney; Skolfield, Jenny

2010-01-01

354

The Role of Principals in Fostering Professional Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study uses the professional community as an organizing metaphor of schools and traces its relationship to principal leadership practices. It asks the following questions: (a) How does a principal create, foster, and support professional community? (b) How does leadership or existing organizational culture aid or impede attainment of school…

Scribner, Jay Paredes; Madrone, Tara R.; Hager, Douglas

355

A Longitudinal Study of Principals' Activities and Student Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although a substantial amount of research on school leadership has focused on what principals may do to improve teaching and learning, little of this research has explored how principals' time spent on leadership activities may relate to and possibly affect student performance. This article presents results from a 3-year longitudinal study of…

May, Henry; Huff, Jason; Goldring, Ellen

2012-01-01

356

Equipping Aspiring Principals for the Principalship in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of school principals is of paramount importance for quality education. This article examines the leadership capacities of a group of 228 aspiring principals who participated in a training programme for the principalship in four cohorts. A questionnaire consisting of 24 questions in six core areas of leadership was constructed and…

Ng, Shun Wing

2013-01-01

357

Effects of Leadership Training during Wilderness Camping.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed short-term cooperative wilderness leadership camp to determine if behavioral changes in interpersonal communication and group interaction occurred for 4-H adolescent leaders. Compared adolescents in leadership camp, county camp, and conservation camp settings. Results suggest that leadership development through cooperative survival…

Neely, Margery A.; Kling, Emily B.

1987-01-01

358

Empowering Student Leadership Beliefs: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership beliefs contribute to behaviors and attitudes. The purposes for conducting this study were 1) to gain an understanding of undergraduate students' leadership beliefs, 2) to implement three distinct leadership modules into an introductory textiles and clothing course, and 3) to assess the modules' effectiveness in promoting empowering…

Marcketti, Sara B.; Kadolph, Sara J.

2010-01-01

359

The Relationship between Principal Personality Type and Elementary School Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Providing effective administrative leadership that has a positive impact on student achievement often is problematic for school principals. Research suggests that collaboration and shared decision making are functions of effective leadership, and according to the premises of effective school instructional leadership, leadership should change with…

Roberson, Tamara Suzanne

2010-01-01

360

Using a Structural Equation Modelling Approach (SEM) to Examine Leadership of Heads of Subject Departments (HODs) as Perceived by Principals and Vice-Principals, Heads of Subject Departments and Teachers within "School Based Management" (SBM) Secondary Schools: Some Evidence from Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the use of a Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) technique as a means of exploring our understanding of the leadership of Heads of Subject Departments within School Based Management (SBM) secondary schools in Hong Kong. Arguments made by Gronn (1999, 2000), Spillane et al. (2001) suggest that studies of leadership need to…

Au, Loretta; Wright, Nigel; Botton, Christopher

2003-01-01

361

When Hispanic Students Are Not Expected to Succeed: A Successful Principal's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This case focuses on culturally responsive leadership. Culturally responsive leadership is defined here by the way the principal manifests his or her advocacy for the children he or she serves. In this principal's case, the authors analyze characteristics of culturally responsive leadership in an inner-city elementary school with a majority of…

Murakami, Elizabeth T.; Garza, Encarnacion, Jr.; Merchant, Betty

2012-01-01

362

Investigating Roles of Online School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the instructional leadership skills required from online principals, as defined by one state's (Idaho) adaptation of the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) standards (1996) as a requirement for professional certification. Specifically, this qualitative study examined six sets of paired online principals and…

Quilici, Sarah B.; Joki, Russell

2012-01-01

363

Principal Vacancies and Appointments 2009-10  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School leadership in New Zealand has gained more attention in recent years. The New Zealand Council for Educational Research (NZCER) began collecting data on all principal advertisements in the "Education Gazette" in late 2007. This brief report analyses principal vacancies advertised in the "Education Gazette" in 2009 and 2010. It also analyses…

Robertson, Sally

2011-01-01

364

Learning to Lead: Ten Stories for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals must be knowledgeable about students, curriculum, teacher performance, and the community that they serve while at the same time, able to manage a myriad of daily activities. Often times, management activities predominate and take time away from leadership leaving little time for principals to engage in reflective thinking and proactive…

Chirichello, Michael; Richmond, Nancy

2006-01-01

365

Untapped Resources: Assistant Principals as Instructional Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assistant principals are often overlooked as a resource for creating, advancing, and sustaining a compelling vision for mathematics. The Math Collaborative Project developed in New York City examined the process of developing and implementing programs designed to help assistant principals network and strengthen their instructional leadership

Bartholomew, Selma K.; Melendez-Delaney, Genis; Orta, Awilda; White, Sharon

2005-01-01

366

Principal Prep for Common Core Gaining Traction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A year ago, top officials in the school leadership world were worried. It seemed to them that principals were being overlooked in national conversations about how to get educators ready for the Common Core State Standards. But that is changing. The past six months have seen a surge of activity to acquaint principals with the new standards and…

Gewertz, Catherine

2012-01-01

367

Relationship Building: The First "R" for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School leadership today demands skills, knowledge, and attitudes much different than those required a short time ago. With the increased accountability for principals to achieve and maintain adequate yearly progress, test scores are often seen by teachers and parents as principals' top priority. Relationships are seen as secondary and they should…

Rieg, Sue A.; Marcoline, Joseph F.

2008-01-01

368

Principal Turnover. Information Capsule. Volume 0914  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent studies indicate that school districts are facing increasing rates of principal turnover. Frequent principal changes deprive schools of the leadership stability they need to succeed, disrupt long-term school reform efforts, and may even be linked to increased teacher turnover and lower levels of student achievement. This Information Capsule…

Blazer, Christie

2010-01-01

369

Contextual Factors Related to Elementary Principal Turnover  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of school leadership instability and how it affects schools and student achievement has been studied. The question of how to predict turnover of the principal remains an unknown. The purpose of this research was to search for possible relationships between certain contextual variables and principal turnover and to test the independent…

Partlow, Michelle C.

2007-01-01

370

The Many Roles of the Effective Principal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research emphasizes the connection between effective schools and the degree and quality of principals' leadership. Ethnographic studies show that effective principals create organizational unity, exercise judgment with discretion and personal accountability, exploit confusion to their own advantage, and balance stability and innovation. Management…

Strother, Deborah Burnett

1983-01-01

371

Leadership for the 1970's. Field Grade Officer Leadership.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The information in this monograph can be used to answer the following questions: What are the most important leadership behaviors for the Field Grade Officer from the point of view of their superiors, their subordinates, and Field Grade Officers themselve...

D. D. Penner D. M. Malone T. M. Coughlin J. A. Herz

1974-01-01

372

Redefining the Role of the Principal. The Informed Educator Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The position of school principal has become complex and pressure packed. The job always has required skills and leadership, but now principals must be strong instructional leaders as well. This research roundup examines the changing role of the school principal and discusses how principals can operate effectively as both managers and instructional…

Shellard, Elizabeth

373

Preparation for Sustainable Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter explores the preparation pathways of successful school leaders who have been able to sustain school success in\\u000a two countries that have contrasting preparation contexts: the USA, where there is generally a requirement for formal pre-service\\u000a leadership preparation, and Australia, where there are no formal preparation requirements. Despite the different contexts,\\u000a all the principals spoke of how it was

David Gurr; Lawrie Drysdale; Rose Ylimaki; Stephen L. Jacobson

374

Situational Leadership in Air Traffic Control  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In high-risk environments such as air traffic control, leadership on different levels plays a certain role in establishing, promoting, and maintaining a good safety culture. The current study aimed to investigate how leadership styles, leadership style adaptability, and over and under task leadership behavior differed across situations, operative conditions, leadership structures, and working tasks in an air traffic control setting. Study locations were two air traffic control centers in Sweden with different operational conditions and leadership structures, and an administrative air traffic management unit. Leadership was measured with a questionnaire based on Leader Effectiveness and Adaptability Description (LEAD; Blanchard, Zigarmi & Zigarmi, 2003; Hersey & Blanchard, 1988). The results showed that the situation had strong impact on the leadership in which the leadership behavior was more relationship oriented in Success and Group situations than in Hardship and Individual situations. The leadership adaptability was further superior in Success and Individual situations compared with Hardship and Group situations. Operational conditions, leadership structures and working tasks were, on the other hand, not associated with leadership behavior.

Arvidsson, Marcus; Johansson, Curt R.; Ek, Asa; Akselsson, Roland

2007-01-01

375

Measuring and Modeling Shared Leadership: Traditional Approaches and New Ideas  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we provide an overview of current measures of shared leadership. Our aim is to help researchers choose the appropriate measure and give them advice on the statistical analysis of shared leadership measures. We first present traditional approaches, namely two questionnaires assessing shared leadership behaviors displayed by a team. We then describe social network indexes showing how leadership

Christine Gockel; Lioba Werth

2011-01-01

376

The social scientific study of leadership: Quo vadis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we review the history of the social scientific study of leadership and the prevailing theories of leadership that enjoy empirical support. We demonstrate that the development of knowledge concerning leadership phenomena has been truly cumulative and that much is currently known about leadership. We identify the contributions of the trait, behavioral, contingency and neocharismatic paradigms and the

Ram N. Aditya

1997-01-01

377

The Social Scientific Study of Leadership: Quo Vadis?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, we review the history of the social scientific study of leadership and the prevailing theories of leadership that enjoy empirical support. We demonstrate that the development of knowledge concerning leadership phenomena has been truly cumulative and that much is currently known about leadership. We identify the contributions of the trait, behavioral, contingency and neocharismatic paradigms and the

Robert J. House; Ram N. Aditya

1997-01-01

378

Leadership Lessons from the Marines: 11 Leadership Principles, Adapted from U.S. Marines Training, Provide a Useful Guide for School Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How do you define good leadership? There is no general agreement. After a comprehensive review of the leadership literature, R. M. Stogdill concluded that "there are almost as many definitions of leadership as there are persons who have attempted to define the concept" (1974). A useful yardstick that principals can use to measure their leadership

Logan, Rodney J.

2004-01-01

379

School Characteristics that Foster Organizational Citizenship Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After a theoretical analysis of the concept of organizational citizenship is elaborated, we complete an analysis of the characteristics of school organization that promote citizenship behaviors. We assume that the leadership of the principal is critical in such an endeavor as well as the trust that colleagues have in each other and the extent to…

DiPaola, Michael F.; Hoy, Wayne K.

2005-01-01

380

The Role of Leadership in Compensatory Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership is an interpersonal influence, exercised in a given situation and directed, through the communication process, toward the attainment of a specified goal or goals. Good leadership is the significant factor which makes compensatory schools effective. In order to improve instruction, superintendents, school boards and principals should:…

Gezi, Kal

381

Leadership Skills in School and Business.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores principals' leadership role by examining the business and general leadership literature. Applies Robert Katz's framework of technical, conceptual, and human skills to key organizational concepts and themes described by several writers (James MacGregor Burns, John Gardner, Stephen Covey, James Kouzes and Barry Posner) and the U.S. Managers…

Stronge, James H.

1998-01-01

382

Confirming a Middle Grades Leadership Model and Instrument  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this replication study was to confirm a model of middle grades principal leadership, Developmentally Responsive Middle Level Leadership (DRMLL), proposed by Brown and Anfara (2002) through the validation of the "Middle Level Leadership Questionnaire" (MLLQ), which was developed by Anfara, Roney, Smarkola, DuCette, and Gross (2006)…

Bickmore, Dana L.

2011-01-01

383

Leadership and Library Media: A Grass-Roots Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses leadership of the school library media specialist in the areas of curriculum and instruction. Presents case studies of principals who were media specialists and recognize the importance and leadership potential of media specialists, and provides a leadership model for school library media specialists. (LRW)

Zsiray, Stephen W., Jr.

2003-01-01

384

Contrasting American and Native American Views of Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper constructs opposing views of leadership between what can be understood as mainstream American perspectives and those of selected Native Americans. American leadership values were deduced by examining selected aspects of the National Association of Secondary School Principals Assessment Center; selected Native American leadership values…

Bryant, Miles T.

385

Improving Your Daily Practice: A Guide for Effective School Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book will show principals how they can change daily practices to invest more time in the improvement of teaching and learning. It redirects leadership to effective practices in instructional leadership. Contents include an Introduction and the following chapters: (1) Why Change the Way I Lead?; (2) The Path to Effective School Leadership; (3)…

Berkey, Timothy B.

2009-01-01

386

Leadership Capacity--A Key to Sustaining Lasting Improvement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies on school change indicate that schools successful in sustaining school improvement build capacity for leadership within the organization (Harris & Lambert, 2003). Reliance on the leadership of the principal alone is no longer viable if schools are to improve and sustain improvement. Leadership capacity is about creating conditions within…

Williams, Henry S.

2009-01-01

387

Experiences in Leadership: Gauging the Impact of Fieldwork  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principal preparation programs are designed to ensure that candidates who successfully complete the programs are qualified and knowledgeable, and have had leadership experiences that prepare them to compete for leadership positions in today's schools (Hale S.z Moorma, 2003). Providing meaningful leader-ship experiences in non-internship programs…

Barton, Leigh; Cox, Keni

2012-01-01

388

Leadership Conference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a dynamic, innovative leadership conference that meets the needs of leadership training for gifted secondary students. The conference provides an opportunity for underachieving gifted students to excel, and for gifted students to design, develop, and implement the entire conference while having fun and experiencing success. (Author/CR)

Merriman, Julie E.

1999-01-01

389

Leadership Theories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet describes various theoretical aspects of leadership, including the proper exercise of authority, effective delegation, goal setting, exercise of control, assignment of responsibility, performance evaluation, and group process facilitation. It begins by describing the evolution of general theories of leadership from historic concepts…

Sferra, Bobbie A.; Paddock, Susan C.

390

Educational Leadership in the Age of Diversity: A Case Study of Middle School Principals' Cultural Awareness and Influence in Relation to Teachers' Cultural Awareness and the Use of Culturally Responsive Curriculum and Pedagogy in Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This embedded case study examined middle school principals' self-reported cultural awareness, teachers' self-reported cultural awareness, and principals' influence on cultural awareness in the school. In addition, the study focused on how principals influenced teachers' cultural awareness and implementation of multicultural education, and…

Robinson, Lynda Marie Cesare

2010-01-01

391

Leading Educational Change: Reflections on the Practice of Instructional and Transformational Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past two decades, debate over the most suitable leadership role for principals has been dominated by two conceptual models: instructional leadership and transformational leadership. This article reviews the conceptual and empirical development of these two leadership models. The author concludes that the suitability or effectiveness of a…

Hallinger, Philip

2003-01-01

392

Recognizing and Supporting the Critical Roles of Teachers in Special Education Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most discussions about special education leadership address the work of principals and district administrators, without reference to the collective and distributed forms of leadership that have taken center stage in contemporary discussions about improving schools. To explore the contributions of and roles for teacher leadership in special education, selected teacher leadership literature in general education is reviewed, including the emergence

Bonnie S. Billingsley

2007-01-01

393

The Relationship between Principal Effectiveness and the Use of Counseling Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In most educational leadership programs, the working relationship of the principal with teachers, parents, and the community is discussed, but the relationship of the principal and counselor is typically not given much, if any, attention. Principals are not trained in the use of counseling skills in educational leadership programs at Mississippi…

Cleckler, Valerie Suzanne Hodge

2010-01-01

394

Creating a Successful Leadership Style: Principles of Personal Strategic Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Creating a Successful Leadership Style" gives practical applications supported by real experiences. It presents the actual situations a principal or assistant principal faces on a day-to-day basis and provides strategies to address them. These strategies derive from a leadership style that is people oriented and designed to elicit positive…

Bonnici, Charles A.

2011-01-01

395

Educational Leadership and Pupil Achievement in Primary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study that evaluated teacher perceptions of principals' educational leadership in Dutch elementary schools using a Rasch- like scale in 1989, 1993, and 1998 found considerable improvement. An ancillary investigation found a significant relationship between principal leadership and average pupil achievement for 1993, but not for 1989. (Containe…

van der Grift, W.; Houtveen, A. M. M.

1999-01-01

396

A Study of Leadership Styles that Lead to Academic Achievement of Hispanic Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between secondary principal leadership style and Hispanic student achievement. Student achievement was measured by the graduation rate for each school. The principals' leadership styles were defined by scores in the Leadership Orientations Profile. The online survey was sent to 549…

Smith, Mitzi Harris

2010-01-01

397

The Effects of Servant Leadership on Teachers' Organizational Commitment in Primary Schools in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the effects of servant leadership behaviours of primary school principals on teachers' school commitment. The research data were collected from 563 teachers working in primary schools in Duzce. Servant leadership behaviours of principals were measured with a servent organizational leadership assessment scale, and the teachers'…

Cerit, Yusuf

2010-01-01

398

"It's Almost like a White School Now": Racialised Complexities, Indigenous Representation and School Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on a broader study that focused on examining principal leadership for equity and diversity, this paper presents the leadership experiences of "Jane", a White, middle-class principal of a rural Indigenous school. The paper highlights how Jane's leadership is inextricably shaped by her assumptions about race and the political dynamics and…

Keddie, Amanda; Niesche, Richard

2012-01-01

399

Teachers' Organizational Commitment: Examining the Mediating Effects of Distributed Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relation between principals' leadership and teachers' organizational commitment, mediated by distributed leadership. Data were collected from 1,495 teachers in 46 secondary schools. Structural equation modeling indicated that the effect of principals' leadership on teachers' organizational commitment is…

Devos, Geert; Tuytens, Melissa; Hulpia, Hester

2014-01-01

400

Principal Networks  

PubMed Central

Graph representations of brain connectivity have attracted a lot of recent interest, but existing methods for dividing such graphs into connected subnetworks have a number of limitations in the context of neuroimaging. This is an important problem because most cognitive functions would be expected to involve some but not all brain regions. In this paper we outline a simple approach for decomposing graphs, which may be based on any measure of interregional association, into coherent “principal networks”. The technique is based on an eigendecomposition of the association matrix, and is closely related to principal components analysis. We demonstrate the technique using cortical thickness and diffusion tractography data, showing that the subnetworks which emerge are stable, meaningful and reproducible. Graph-theoretic measures of network cost and efficiency may be calculated separately for each principal network. Unlike some other approaches, all available connectivity information is taken into account, and vertices may appear in none or several of the subnetworks. Subject-by-subject “scores” for each principal network may also be obtained, under certain circumstances, and related to demographic or cognitive variables of interest.

Clayden, Jonathan D.; Dayan, Michael; Clark, Chris A.

2013-01-01

401

Principal Afl.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A (full) principal AFL is a (full) AFL generated by a single language, i.e., it is the smallest (full) AFL containing the given language. In the present paper, a study is made of such AFL. First, an AFA (abstract family of acceptors) characterization of (...

S. Ginsburg S. Greibach

1970-01-01

402

Turnaround Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Obama administration has grand hopes for turning around the nation's lowest-performing schools, in part by allocating $3.5 billion for School Improvement Grants. Unfortunately, there simply aren't enough qualified principals to replace those mandated to be fired under two of the four school improvement models that the federal government says…

McLester, Susan

2011-01-01

403

Principal Mentoring.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing evidence shows that school leaders, throughout all stages of their careers, can benefit from a mentoring system in which a seasoned leader helps the protege combine theory and practice with experience. This research roundup reviews works that provide support for principal mentoring and share strategies for establishing mentoring…

Malone, Robert

2001-01-01

404

Computer Simulations Hone Leadership Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An $11 million executive-training course for principals, modeled after best practices used in the corporate, medical, engineering, and military worlds, is starting to gain traction among states. Developed by the National Institute for School Leadership, or NISL, a for-profit company based in Washington, the program is now used widely in…

Olson, Lynn

2007-01-01

405

Diversity and Leadership: The Color of Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of racial and ethnic diversity focuses on the role leadership plays for emerging library leaders of color. Topics include the need for minority library leadership; differences between white and minority leadership; leadership traits of minorities; and marginalized leadership. (Author/LRW)

Alire, Camila A.

2001-01-01

406

Acceptability of the Universal Level of School-Wide Positive Behavior Support among Elementary and High School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concern about school safety has increased in recent years (Sprague et al., 1999), leading to a greater interest in methods such as Positive Behavior Support (PBS), which has been found to be successful at creating safe environments through use of preventive methods and the development of proactive systems for at-risk student populations (Horner,…

Duvall, Corrina C.

2009-01-01

407

Leadership Update  

Cancer.gov

Letter from the DirectorThe National Cancer Institute’s Clinical Proteomic Tumor Analysis Consortium (NCI-CPTAC) has recently begun the proteomic interrogation of genomically-characterized tumors from The Cancer Genome Atlas. Print This Page Leadership

408

Leadership Update  

Cancer.gov

Letter from the Director The NCI's Clinical Proteomic Technology for Cancer Initiative (CPTC) has been actively overcoming the technological barriers to advance the science of proteomics. 1 Print This Page Leadership UpdateRSS News and Events

409

Distributed Leadership and High-Stakes Testing: Examining the Relationship between Distributed Leadership and LEAP Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational stakeholders are aware that school administration has become an incredibly intricate dynamic that is too complex for principals to handle alone. Test-driven accountability has made the already daunting task of school administration even more challenging. Distributed leadership presents an opportunity to explore increased leadership

Boudreaux, Wilbert

2011-01-01

410

LEADERSHIP DEVELOPMENT INSTITUTE 2003  

Cancer.gov

THE THE LEADERSHIP LEADERSHIP CHALLENGE CHALLENGE Special thanks to Jim Kouzes for permission to use some of his slides and additional resources in the development of this presentation ‹ Leadership Role Models. ‹ The Foundation of Leadership. ‹ The

411

Urban School Principals and Their Role as Multicultural Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on the role of urban school principals as multicultural leaders. Using cross-case analysis, the authors describe what 6 practicing principals do in regard to multicultural leadership. The findings suggest that although multicultural preparation was lacking for these principals, some did engage in work that promoted diversity in…

Gardiner, Mary E.; Enomoto, Ernestine K.

2006-01-01

412

Evaluating Principals: Balancing Accountability with Professional Growth. Executive Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective principals are those who boost academic achievement for all students, increase the effectiveness of their teaching staffs, and consistently take leadership actions shown to improve outcomes for students. Therefore principal evaluation systems should place 70% of their weight on the ability of principals to increase student achievement…

New Leaders for New Schools (NJ1), 2010

2010-01-01

413

Preparing Transformational School Leaders: An Investigation into Leadership Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since traditional principal preparation programs were scrutinized for inadequately training 21st century principals, alternative principal programs were designed to prepare principals to improve the US educational system and student achievement. One particular innovative program, the Daly Leadership Program, was collaboratively developed between…

Murgel, Julie C.

2011-01-01

414

Leadership: reflections over the past 100 years.  

PubMed

Leadership, viewed by the American Dietetic Association as the ability to inspire and guide others toward building and achieving a shared vision, is a much written-about topic. Research on leadership has addressed the topic using many different approaches, from a very simplistic definition of traits to a more complex process involving interactions, emotions, and learning. Thousands of books and papers have been published on the topic of leadership. This review paper will provide examples of the varying foci of the writings on this topic and includes references for instruments used to measure leadership traits and behaviors. Research is needed to determine effective strategies for preparing dietitians to be effective leaders and assume leadership positions. Identifying ways to help dietitians better reflect on their leadership experiences to enhance their learning and leadership might be one strategy to explore. PMID:24725519

Gregoire, Mary B; Arendt, Susan W

2014-05-01

415

Vertical versus shared leadership as predictors of the effectiveness of change management teams: An examination of aversive, directive, transactional, transformational, and empowering leader behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated vertical versus shared leadership as predictors of the effective- ness of 71 change management teams. Vertical leadership stems from an appointed or formal leader of a team, whereas shared leadership (C. L. Pearce, 1997; C. L. Pearce & J. A. Conger, in press; C. L. Pearce & H. P. Sims, 2000) is a group process in which

Craig L. Pearce

2002-01-01

416

Principled 'Bastard' Leadership? A Rejoinder to Gold, Evans, Earley, Halpin and Collarbone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rejoinder to "Principled Principals" article (EA0000000). Asserts, for example, that offering second-order values such as questioning as evidence of principled leadership does not obviate "bastard leadership." (Contains 10 references.) (PKP)

Wright, Nigel

2003-01-01

417

A Practical Guide to Designing Comprehensive Principal Evaluation Systems: A Tool to Assist in the Development of Principal Evaluation Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the country, states and districts are designing principal evaluation systems as a means of improving leadership, learning, and school performance. Principal evaluation systems hold potential for supporting leaders' learning and sense of accountability for instructional excellence and student performance. Principal evaluation is also an…

Clifford, Matthew; Hansen, Ulcca Joshni; Wraight, Sara

2012-01-01

418

The Importance of the School Principal. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research shows that effective leadership is essential in schools. When schools have effective principals they are far more likely to be effective and to positively impact student achievement (Davis, Darling-Hammond, LaPointe & Meyerson, 2005; Firestone & Riehl, 2005; Marzano, Waters & McNulty, 2005). Researchers have identified a set of leadership

Williamson, Ronald

2011-01-01

419

Initiative Aims to Refashion Training Path for Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A new nationwide leadership initiative launched last week is aimed at changing the way America's principals are recruited and prepared--and how they run schools. The Alliance to Reform Education Leadership, or AREL, marks the first major effort of the nonpartisan George W. Bush Institute, located at Southern Methodist University in Dallas. It will…

Aarons, Dakarai I.

2010-01-01

420

A Safety Net for New Principals: Ten Features  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 12 components or features outlined within this article create a broad safety net for new principals and relates directly to the model of school leadership described by Thomas Sergiovanni. Sergiovanni speaks about three components of leadership in school leaders: the educational leader's "heart" (emotions), "head" (thoughts), and "hand"…

Crippen, Carolyn

2004-01-01

421

Principals and Professors: "Will the Twain Ever Meet?"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both authors returned to the field to serve as principals after a decade or more as professors of educational leadership. Despite a common perception that educational leadership professors are out of touch with practice, these authors felt at home with the practices and demands of their schools regardless of the intervening decade. They argue that…

Place, William; Lindle, Jane Clark

2010-01-01

422

An Ideal "Type"?--The Characteristics of Effective School Principals as Perceived by Aspiring Principals Both from within Education and Those from an Alternate Career Path  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kerry and Murdoch (1993), analysing the essential characteristics of leaders and school principals, raised two key questions: (1) What kind of leadership will schools require to help them face the next ten years?; and (2) How equipped are managers in school to provide that leadership? Traditionally, aspiring school principals emerge from the…

Schneider, Alex; Burton, Neil

2005-01-01

423

Transformational leadership.  

PubMed

Rapid changes in the health care system have caused competition among institutions, as organizations are restructured to increase client satisfaction, resulting in the need for a new style of leadership. The transformational leader communicates the mission and vision of the organization and empowers others to effectively resolve conflicts that may arise with change. The health care team that can cope with changes and conflicts views restructuring as a positive transaction and approaches client satisfaction with energy and motivation. Institutions with transformational leadership are the ones that will survive the transition. PMID:8945261

Taccetta-Chapnick, M

1996-01-01

424

Educational Leadership: The Effects of Perceived Support, Organization-Based Self-Esteem, and Citizenship Behaviors on Student Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is important to retain qualified teachers in any educational environment. This is especially true for teachers who work in a structured environment fraught with administrative, logistical, and political challenges. The principal is responsible for providing a supportive educational environment, which is necessary for an atmosphere where the…

Twigg, Nicholas W.

2008-01-01

425

Chicago Initiative Aims to Upgrade Principal Pipeline  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Even with nearly 50 schools shutting down at the end of this month, Chicago education officials have been barreling ahead with plans to groom a large crop of high-performing principals that they say represents the most ambitious effort the city has undertaken to upgrade its school leadership ranks. The goal, said Chicago schools CEO Barbara…

Maxwell, Lesli A.

2013-01-01

426

Mapping Principal Preparation in Kenya and Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the principal preparation programming available to school leaders in Kenya and Tanzania. Design/methodology/approach: The authors analyzed information about the educational leadership programmes offered by a range of public and private institutions in East Africa. Data were gathered…

Onguko, Brown; Abdalla, Mohammed; Webber, Charles F.

2008-01-01

427

Enculturating the School: The Principal's Principles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership enlivens the school philosophy, mission, and vision and determines school climate and work culture. "Enculturating" principals are advised to envision a collaborative direction for the future, establish a clear mission/practice linkage, focus on solutions, be fair to others, foster staff development, create new networks, and stress…

Krajewski, Bob

1996-01-01

428

Leadership Profiles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains the following two leadership profiles of individuals who have made significant contributions to the field of instructional technology: "Francis M. Dwyer: Visual Researcher Extraordinaire" (David M. Moore); and "Tribute to John G. Hedberg: Professor of Education, University of Wollongong" (Thomas Reeves). (MES)

Orey, Michael; Moore, David M.; Reeves, Thomas

2003-01-01

429

Leadership Legacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent obituaries and testimonials to Coretta Scott King and Wendy Wasserstein are reminders of the leadership legacies of these women. About Coretta Scott King (1927-2006), Burch in "The Miami Herald" (February 1, 2006) stated "Coretta Scott King built a legacy from pain and progress, first as the wife who stood tall next to a man bent on…

Grady, Marilyn L.

2006-01-01

430

Samaritan Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles the accomplishments and philosophies of three individuals who strongly advocated community service and who profoundly influenced the field of experiential education, including Robert K. Greenleaf, author of "Servant Leadership"; Alec Dickson, who traveled extensively to promote the development of community service organizations worldwide;…

Egan, Terrence M. I.

1994-01-01

431

Leadership Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this work is to explore recent research in the field of leadership as related to education and to link such research to a possible research project. This research project would focus on increasing standardized test scores in California schools focusing on the elementary school level through focusing on increasing reading competency and…

Kaplun, Irina

2011-01-01

432

Management Leadership in System Measurement Beds Revisited.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

More than 30 years of research by the Army on managerial leadership behavior confirms that the effectiveness of a unit or group depends critically on its leader or manager. The many variables which interact in effective leadership may be analyzed as parts...

J. E. Uhlaner

1978-01-01

433

The Changing Nature of Leadership: Implications for Business Officers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College and university business officers must recognize the nature of current changes in higher education and alter their leadership methods to suit the times. Theories of leadership suggest strategies, behaviors, and abilities that business officers can use to shift from transactional to transformational leadership styles. (MSE)

Napier, Rod; Sanaghan, Pat

1999-01-01

434

The Jossey-Bass Reader on Educational Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive reader features 24 chapters in 5 primary areas of educational research. Part One, "Leadership, Management, and Organizational Behavior," demonstrates that leadership has a strong conceptual basis that is basic in all human situations. It contains 6 articles: "The Nature of Leadership" (J. Gardner); "Give Me a Lever Long…

2000

435

Adolescent Leadership Development: Building a Case for an Authenticity Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the literature on adolescent leadership development and connects the concept of leadership authenticity as a way to influence anti-social adolescent behavior for pro-social outcomes. Because adolescent leaders develop from both pro-social and anti-social constructs, educators must recognize the unique power of both leadership

Whitehead, Gordon

2009-01-01

436

Leadership: Four Styles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Four Styles narrative of Leadership is written in three sections: (1) Overview of Leadership Styles; (2) Analysis of Leadership Styles; and (3) Applications of Leadership Styles. While the primary foundation for its development was generated from more than 30 years of research and studying leadership styles in education, the secondary…

Howard, W. C.

2005-01-01

437

Impact of Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book on leadership includes the following selected titles: "Leadership Characteristics of Leadership Researchers" (Campbell); "Translating Research Results into Action" (Knauft); "Managers on Leaders" (Javidan); "Impact of Leadership on Corporate Success" (Lohmann); "Shido" (Bettin et al.); "Role and Meaning of Leadership Experience"…

Clark, Kenneth E., Ed.; And Others

438

Wild female African elephants (Loxodonta africana) exhibit personality traits of leadership and social integration.  

PubMed

Animal personalities have been demonstrated for almost 200 species, with stable dimensions of responses (aggressive to fearful; shy to bold) across contexts and with a heritable basis to these traits. As a long-lived and highly social species, elephants (Loxodonta africana) were expected to demonstrate complex dimensions to individual characteristics or personalities, which would be obvious to human observers and validated by behavioral observations. We used principal-components analysis of ratings on 26 behavioral adjectives applied to one social unit, coded as the EB family, which has been observed for 38 years. Eleven adult females were rated by four observers and found to have individually variable traits on four dimensions described by principal-components analysis. The first component was associated with effective and confident family leadership. Component 2 was age-related, and defined by playfulness, exploration and high levels of activity, suggesting both an experience and an age-related element to its structure. Component 3 represented gentleness and at its other extreme, aggression, and Component 4 was related to constancy (predictability and popularity), with both of these latter components reflecting social integration. Leadership among elephant females represents the successful negotiation among individual interests, and our components were related to a capacity to affect the behavior of others in the absence of aggressive dominance. The family matriarch, Echo, was high on elements associated with leadership. The importance of the matriarch in this family's success suggests that elements of personality may underlie interfamilial variation in long-term survival and reproduction. PMID:22905995

Lee, Phyllis C; Moss, Cynthia J

2012-08-01

439

Leadership Experience and Leadership Performance.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes the major findings of a 20-year program of research on the role and function of cognitive resources in organizational performance. Although there is no generally accepted definition of the term, leadership experience is one of the m...

F. E. Fiedler

1994-01-01

440

Implementation of a Coaching Program for School Principals: Evaluating Coaches' Strategies and the Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We present a multi-phase coaching model that was implemented to help principals improve their instructional leadership practices. We then discuss a rubric based on this coaching model that we used to evaluate coaches' implementation of key model phases and to identify principals' responses to the coaching. After presenting the leadership

Huff, Jason; Preston, Courtney; Goldring, Ellen

2013-01-01

441

Building-Based Instructional Improvement: The Principal as an Instructional Leader.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Provo (Utah) School District's efforts to establish instructional leadership roles for its principals. To achieve instructional improvement goals, Provo principals are expected to provide leadership in four fundamental areas: staff development, curriculum review, clinical supervision, and evaluation and assessment. Includes four…

Hansen, J. Merrell; Smith, Rosemarie

1989-01-01

442

From Heroes to Organizers: Principals and Education Organizing in Urban School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Educational leadership is key to addressing the persistent inequities in low-income urban schools, but most principals struggle to work with parents and communities around those schools to create socially just learning environments. This article describes the conditions and experiences that enabled principals to share leadership with…

Ishimaru, Ann

2013-01-01

443

A Solution-Focused Leadership Model: Examining Perceptions of Effective Counselor Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As school leaders, counselors are in a unique position to form collaborative partnerships with principals and faculty while utilizing techniques that improve morale, school climate, and student development. In this qualitative study, school counselors, teachers, and principals were asked to reflect on counseling leadership styles perceived as…

Froeschle, Janet G.; Nix, Susan

2009-01-01

444

Chinese Culture and Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes essential characteristics of Chinese philosophical tradition; Discusses Western perspectives on value leadership in education, particularly moral leadership. Discuses moral leadership from a Chinese philosophical perspective, especially Confucianism. Draws implications for using Chinese cultural and philosophical traditions to develop…

Wong, Kam-Cheung

2001-01-01

445

Unified Leadership Development.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Armed Forces must establish a unified leadership development enterprise to develop the leadership skills required to build trust at the tactical, operational, and strategic levels of conflict. Current leadership development practices do not develop mi...

T. S. Rickard

2013-01-01

446

Environmental Leadership Program (ELP)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Environmental Leadership Program (ELP) is a non-profit center for leadership development within the environmental field; addresses the leadership development and training needs of emerging professionals, generally those with three to ten years of experience.

2008-10-06

447

Teachers' and School Administrators' Perceptions and Expectations on Teacher Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study it is aimed to find out primary school teachers' and principals' expectations and perceptions related to teachers' leadership. The population of this survey consists of primary school teachers and principals in Odunpazari, one of the two central municipalities in Eskisehir, in 2011-2012 educational year. Teachers and principals of…

Kiranh, Semra

2013-01-01

448

Should Coaches Believe in Innate Ability? The Importance of Leadership Mindset  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine how individuals' personal beliefs about the antecedents of leadership ability influence their leadership behavior and ultimate effectiveness. The relevant literature is reviewed to highlight current thinking in relation to the debate over whether leadership is innate or learned. A leadership mindset that…

Chase, Melissa A.

2010-01-01

449

An Empirical Study of the Relationship between Transformational Leadership, Empowerment and Organizational Commitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizational leadership literature highlights that transformational leadership has four salient features: intellectual stimulation, individualized consideration, individualized influenced attributed, and individualized influence behavior. The ability of leaders to properly implement this leadership style may have a significant impact on organizational commitment. More importantly, recent studies in this area reveal that effect of transformational leadership style on organizational commitment is indirectly affected

Azman Ismail; Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed; Ahmad Zaidi Sulaiman; Mohd Hamran Mohamad; Munirah Hanim Yusuf

2011-01-01

450

Mixed Feelings: Principals React to Test-Based Accountability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine how elementary school administrators in a large U.S. state perceived the overall effects of testing on education in general and, more specifically, on their instructional leadership responsibilities. We surveyed 325 Florida principals and assistant principals, many of whom viewed the testing program…

Jones, Brett D.; Egley, Robert J.

2010-01-01

451

The Assessment of Principal Performance: A Multilevel Evaluation Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of multilevel data analysis as a method for assessing and improving principal performance evaluation is demonstrated. The demonstration used the theoretical domains of principal performance-based leadership proposed and tested by R. Heck, T. Larsen, and G. Marcoulides (1990) as a basis for developing an evaluation approach. (SLD)

Heck, Ronald H.; Marcoulides, George A.

1996-01-01

452

Professional Vision: Elementary School Principals' Perceptions of Mathematics Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored 78 elementary school principals' perceptions of classroom mathematics instruction in an effort to build understanding of the professional vision (Goodwin, 1994) of elementary school principals as it relates to mathematics instruction. This study also tested the theory of Leadership Content Knowledge (Stein & Nelson, 2003) which…

Schoen, Robert C.

2010-01-01

453

The Man in the Middle: The Role of the Principal.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This short speech examines the principal in his various roles as an educational leader, personnel manager, and business manager. It reports evidence indicating that the principal's primary role, that of educational leadership, is being eroded as a consequence of the expansion of his other roles. The author suggests a readjustment of priorities to…

Ellis, James R.

454

Letting Go: How Principals Can Be Better Instructional Leaders  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A principal's life is characterized by long hours, a frenetic pace, and responsibilities that often take time away from instructional leadership. When principals have a school administration manager by their side, they have more time to work directly with students and staff on curriculum and instruction and spend less time on management and supervision.

Walker, Jan

2010-08-01

455

Forgiveness as a Leadership Trait for School Leaders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate forgiveness as a leadership trait. The methodology for this quantitative and qualitative study consisted of electronic surveys and in-depth interviews with elementary and middle school principals. This research explored the effects of revenge and avoidance on school leadership and the possible positive…

Kryder, Theodore D.

2009-01-01

456

The Relationship between Transformational School Leadership and Ethical Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between transformational school leadership and ethical climate. The participants were 764 teachers in 50 elementary schools in Nigde during the 2008/2009 academic year. Two distinct instruments were used in this study. The Principal Leadership Style Inventory developed by Leithwood and Jantzi (1991)…

Sagnak, Mesut

2010-01-01

457

Correlational Analysis of Servant Leadership and School Climate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this mixed-method research study was to determine the extent that servant leadership was correlated with perceptions of school climate to identify whether there was a relationship between principals' and teachers' perceived practice of servant leadership and of school climate. The study employed a mixed-method approach by first…

Black, Glenda Lee

2010-01-01

458

International Perspectives on Leadership Development: Making a Difference  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The significance of effective leadership and management for successful school and student outcomes is increasingly being recognised. This has led to consideration of the nature of preparation and development required to promote good leadership. There is now widespread acknowledgement of the need for specialised training for school principals. This…

Bush, Tony

2012-01-01

459

Productive Leaders and Productive Leadership: Schools as Learning Organisations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on a three-year study of 24 schools involving classroom observations and interviews with teachers and principals. Through an examination of three cases, sets of leadership practices that focus on the learning of both students and teachers are described. This set of practices is called productive leadership and how these practices…

Hayes, Debra; Christie, Pam; Mills, Martin; Lingard, Bob

2004-01-01

460

A model of relational leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a model of relational leadership based on a review of leader-member exchange (LMX) and interpersonal trust. This model asserts that the LMX relationship is built through interpersonal exchanges in which parties to the relationship evaluate the ability, benevolence, and integrity of each other. These perceptions, in turn, influence the behaviors predicted by LMX researchers. This integrated model

Holly H Brower; F. David Schoorman; Hwee Hoon Tan

2000-01-01

461

Kids Say (and Don't Say) "The Darndest Things" About School Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with 28 middle-school students about their attitudes and beliefs about the leadership. Several common themes about leadership emerged from the interviews, the more prominent of which are that leadership is caring and helping, that teachers are the leaders of the school, and that principals are managers, not leaders. (Contains 43…

Doyle, Lynn H.

2001-01-01

462

Rearticulating the Leadership Experiences of African American Women in Midlevel Student Affairs Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study of African American women holding midlevel administrative positions sought to broaden and challenge conceptualizations of leadership by focusing on respondents' descriptions of their leadership experiences. Findings centered principally on the intensely relational qualities associated with leadership and leading, mentoring…

Clayborne, Hannah L.; Hamrick, Florence

2007-01-01

463

University-Based Community College Leadership Programs: Where Future Community College Leaders Are Prepared  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Community college leadership programs may take a variety of forms, among them university-based programs, leadership institutes, community college-based "grow your own" programs, professional organization-based institutes, or a combination of these. University-based doctorate leadership programs are the principal providers of these leaders. Seventy…

Friedel, Janice Nahra

2010-01-01

464

Mentoring for School Leadership in South Africa: Diversity, Dissimilarity and Disadvantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In South Africa, until recently, mentoring has not been formalized as part of school leadership induction programmes or of leadership professional development. However, the South African government identified mentoring as a distinctive aspect of its pilot leadership development programme for school principals. This programme signalled a shift from…

Moorosi, Pontso

2012-01-01

465

The Impact of School Leadership on School Level Factors: Validation of a Causal Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to contribute to a better understanding of the antecedents and effects of educational leadership, and of the influence of the principal's leadership on intervening and outcome variables. A path analysis was conducted to test and validate a causal model. The results show no direct or indirect effects of educational leadership on…

Kruger, Meta L.; Witziers, Bob; Sleegers, Peter

2007-01-01

466

Examination of the Effectiveness of Male and Female Educational Leaders Who Made Use of the Invitational Leadership Style of Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this inquiry was to examine the effectiveness of male and female educational leaders who made use of the invitational leadership style of leadership in their k-12 school settings. Study participants consisted of 14 principals (7 female and 7 male) and 164 teachers. While quantitative findings revealed a statistically significant…

Burns, Gwen; Martin, Barbara N.

2010-01-01

467

Leadership by Reinforcement: A Style of Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The leadership reinforcement learning package is designed as a module containing objectives, pretest, learning environments, and posttest. Objectives of this module are to enable readers to analyze existing leadership competencies, organize these leadership possibilities systematically, and plan worthwhile projects while recruiting responsible…

Alvir, Howard P.

468

Student Leadership: Necessary Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in student leadership or leadership by young people has always existed in school and community settings and while there are many programs devoted to leadership development and training, we believe that there is a need for focused research into what young people conceive leadership to be and in what circumstances they would see it being…

Dempster, Neil; Lizzio, Alf

2007-01-01

469

Sailing through Leadership Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Tampa's Leadership and Sailing program introduces students to leadership and sailing simultaneously by situating their learning about leadership in the context of sailing. By combining outdoor adventure and leadership training, the program is designed to help students learn the basic components of a sailboat and operate the boat…

Northup, Kimberly R.

2006-01-01

470

Sources of Instructional Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed patterns of instructional leadership sources. The instrument, Sources of Instructional Leadership (SOIL), was based on instructional leadership and effective schools literature. It dealt with the management of instructional resources, and related to one of six leadership functions: organizing, coordinating, developing,…

Selim, Philip D.

471

Democratic Leadership in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this book Philip Woods turns his attention to issues of democracy and leadership. He has provided an eloquent, intellectually compelling and sophisticated account of a new leadership label--democratic leadership. He argues that the purpose of "democratic" leadership is to create and help sustain an environment that enables everyone who is…

Woods, Philip A.

2005-01-01

472

Situational leadership: a management system to increase staff satisfaction.  

PubMed

Using the principles of Situational Leadership, nurse managers can deal with people and situations effectively and flexibly--helping to retain nurses on their units. Based on the manager's assessment of the nurse's ability and willingness for a specific task, each nurse falls into one of four readiness quadrants. Each quadrant predicts a corresponding leadership style: telling, selling, participating, or delegating. Nurse managers need to use different combinations of task behavior and relationship behavior for each corresponding leadership style. PMID:2326104

Zurlinden, J; Bongard, B; Magafas, M

1990-01-01

473

Studies of transformational leadership: evaluating two alternative models of trust and satisfaction.  

PubMed

Summary.-This study evaluates the influence of leadership style and employee trust in their leaders on job satisfaction. 341 personnel (164 men, 177 women; M age = 33.5 yr., SD = 5.1) from four large insurance companies in Taiwan completed the transformational leadership behavior inventory, the leadership trust scale and a short version of the Minnesota (Job) Satisfaction Questionnaire. A bootstrapping mediation and structural equation modeling revealed that the effect of transformational leadership on job satisfaction was mediated by leadership trust. This study highlights the importance of leadership trust in leadership-satisfaction relationships, and provides managers with practical ways to enhance job satisfaction. PMID:25074300

Yang, Yi-Feng

2014-06-01

474

Effective Leadership in TPU's: Findings from Interviews at 16 Units.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report summarizes Phase 11 of a study of effective leadership behavior in company-level units (TPU's) in the U.S. Army Reserve. Extensive interviews were conducted in 16 high-priority (FSP) units, focusing on effective/ineffective leadership behavior...

K. Thomas B. Barrios-Choplin

1996-01-01

475

Improving Conditions for Principal Effectiveness: Policy Implications of Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research on principals' behavior and research differentiating between more and less effective principals. Traces potential policy implications in the areas of program implementation, principal selection, preservice and inservice training, and district level organization and management. (RH)

Manasse, A. Lorri

1985-01-01

476

School Leadership and Information Communication Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leadership is an important component in guiding the teaching-learning process. Principal as school leaders have a major responsibility for initiating and implementing school change through the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and can facilitate complex decision to integrate it into learning, teaching and school administration.…

Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Samah, Bahaman Abu; Fooi, Foo Say

2008-01-01

477

Teacher Leaders: A Catalyst for Instructional Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of the principal as the sole instructional leader of a school is quickly changing. Substantial evidence from schools with successful instructional programs indicate this responsibility has been spread among many staff members. Teachers who have been trained in the functions of leadership, instruction, and student learning are becoming…

Pate, James L.; James, Lori; Leech, Donald

2005-01-01

478

Instructional Leadership in Lebanese Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aimed to find out the extent to which the instructional leadership style had been adopted by the principals in some Lebanese intermediate public schools. A small-scale survey approach was used where a cross-sectional study design was assumed. By sampling extreme cases (five high-performing schools and five low-performing ones), the…

Mattar, Dorine

2012-01-01

479

Knowledge of Effective Educational Leadership Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second part of a study conducted by Barton and Cox (2012) investigating administrative credential candidates' pre and post self-assessment results. Candidates who successfully complete principal preparation programs should possess the requisite knowledge and skills to assume leadership positions in P-12 schools. This study was…

Barton, Leigh T.

2013-01-01

480

Instructional Leadership: Concepts, Issues, and Controversies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers the critical perspectives of 20 educators on some of the issues associated with facilitating instructional leadership, emphasizing the complex interplay between the character of schools as work settings, the orientations of principals and teachers toward their work, and the challenges of leading and improving schools at the end of…

Greenfield, William

481

Effects of Administrative Leadership on Student Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of an Achievement Directed Leadership (ADL) field test conducted at eight elementary schools and a middle school in an urban school district in New Jersey during the 1981-82 school year. The stated purpose of the field test was only secondarily to assess student outcomes; its major objective was to help principals

Biester, Thomas W.; And Others

482

The Principal as Leader of Change  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As long as the job of principal remains as complex and undoable as it is currently, and as long as either teaching faculties or local school boards pressure an innovative principal until that principal chooses to leave, true innovation will be an uphill challenge. But stably building leadership alone is not enough. A principal who stays must be able to not only manage skillfully the day-to-day emergencies and the political pressures but also must be competent enough to be accepted as a true instructional leader. The specific competencies required to guide the successful reform of science with the outcome of improved teaching practice and student achievement are outlined in this chapter.

Saginor, Nicole

2006-01-01

483

Females and Toxic Leadership.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Is there a gender component in toxic leadership. To adequately answer this primary research question, several other secondary research questions must be addressed: What is the definition of toxic leadership; What are the specific characteristics of toxic ...

N. Carrington

2012-01-01

484

Distant Leadership Under Stress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was initiated to develop a phenomenology of team leadership and distant leadership in a highly dynamic, potentially extremely stressful domain: trauma patient resuscitation. A series of five studies were conducted to understand team leadershi...

C. F. Mackenzie F. J. Seagull J. Ziegert K. Klein Y. Xiao

2003-01-01

485

Strategic Leadership Development Model.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The 21st Century is a time of increasing complexity and heightened ambiguity. Only effective strategic leadership can lead in these challenging times. This study proposes a competency-based leadership development model for Pakistan, focused on the strateg...

F. A. Sani

2012-01-01

486

School Web site development and maintenance by public rural Tennessee elementary and middle school principals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Principals lead by example with regard to utilizing web site development as a communication tool. Handler (2002) reported that a web site highlighted the principals' role as technology leader, while Conner (2000) projected this type of leadership would benefit both parent and school. The focus of this research was on enhancing and inhibiting factors for principals that endeavored to implement

Judith Isbell Maloney

2004-01-01

487

Differences and Similarities between School Principals in Costa Rica and the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for effective school leadership is a global concern. This paper provides a comparison of the school principal in Costa Rica to the United States. Differences and similarities are described for principals in both nations. Major differences for principals in Costa Rica include administrative salaries, selection procedures, induction, no…

Ballestero, Victor; Wright, Sam

2008-01-01

488

The Principal's Role in Professional Development for Social Justice: An Empirically-Based Transformative Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literature on principal leadership in professional development offers important but underdeveloped conceptions of how school principals promote professional development for social justice. This article offers an empirically-based framework of the principal's role in professional development for social justice. An in-depth qualitative multicase…

Kose, Brad W.

2009-01-01

489

Stepping Stones: Principal Career Paths and School Outcomes. Working Paper 58  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Principals tend to prefer working in schools with higher-achieving students from more advantaged socioeconomic backgrounds. Principals often use schools with many poor or low-achieving students as stepping stones to what they view as more desirable assignments. District leadership can also exacerbate principal turnover by implementing policies…

Beteille, Tara; Kalogrides, Demetra; Loeb, Susanna

2011-01-01

490

Stepping Stones: Principal Career Paths and School Outcomes. NBER Working Paper No. 17243  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than one out of every five principals leaves their school each year. In some cases, these career changes are driven by the choices of district leadership. In other cases, principals initiate the move, often demonstrating preferences to work in schools with higher achieving students from more advantaged socioeconomic backgrounds. Principals

Beteille, Tara; Kalogrides, Demetra; Loeb, Susanna

2011-01-01

491

Examining the Impact of Culture on Leadership in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a study on the impact of culture on the leadership of Mexican principals facing political and socioeconomic pressures. The research is a continuation of an international study engaging researchers from 8 countries: Thailand, China, UK, Norway, Singapore, Norway, Brazil, U.S., and Mexico. The twelve high school principals who participated…

Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith Juliana; Bastarrachea, William

2005-01-01

492

As Leaders Learn: Personal Stories of Growth in School Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents the stories of a group of Maine educators--teacher leaders, teaching principals, and principals--who met at the Maine Academy for School Leaders (MASL) in 1992 to share their experiences and frustrations and to help each other improve their understanding and practice of educational leadership. They share personal accounts of how…

Donaldson, Gordon A., Jr., Ed.; Marnik, George F., Ed.

493

Creativity: An essential component for effective leadership in today's schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to determine the presence of passion for work, independence, goal setting, originality, flexibility, wide range of interests, intelligence, and motivation as indicators of leadership. The population of the study consisted of four effective principals from Southwestern school districts who achieved a score of 4.0 on the National Association for Secondary School Principals Assessment Center. The major

Jeanie Goertz

2000-01-01

494

Democratic School Leadership Reforms in Kenya: Cultural and Historical Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we discuss students', teachers' and school principals' perceptions of democratic school leadership reforms in Kenya. The article is based on a study that was conducted in two phases. In phase one (conducted between September and December 2007), interviews were undertaken with 12 school principals in which understandings of…

Jwan, Julius; Anderson, Lesley; Bennett, Nigel

2010-01-01

495

The Principal as Music Supervisor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A principal need not be a musician to supervise a music program. Supervisory emphasis should be on elements of the musical process that can be taught, reinforced, and evaluated. At the core of the instructional program, there should be a method book, behavioral objectives, and a graded course of instruction. (MLH)

Tager, Clancy

1990-01-01

496

The Principal Portfolio.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers principals hands-on, practical advice on how to develop and use the principal portfolio to improve their performance and assist in transforming their schools. Chapter 1 describes the concept of the principal portfolio and why it is needed. Chapter 2 provides an overview of what should be included in the principal portfolio.…

Brown, Genevieve; Irby, Beverly J.

497

Principal Mentoring: An Update.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Never before has the need for effective mentoring programs for principals been more urgent. Record student enrollment, an anticipated retirement of about 40 percent of principals, and a shrinking pool of those who aspire to be principals have brought about a shortage of principals and an alarming lack of qualified applicants. This research roundup…

Malone, Robert J.

2002-01-01

498

Sex Composition and Leadership in Small Groups  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leader behavior of males and females in three-person experimental groups was investigated in varying contexts. Deviating from stereotypical expectations, females reacted to "achieved" leader role by relatively intense leadership efforts, a response predicted for males but not females. Also, both sexes addressed more directive behavior toward own…

Eskilson, Arlene; Wiley, Mary G.

1976-01-01

499

Organizational Change: Motivation, Communication, and Leadership Effectiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that numerous variables have an impact on a leader's effectiveness. This study explores the behaviors associated with leadership effectiveness in driving change. The findings confirm previous research that identifies change effectiveness skills, while isolating the specific leader behaviors deemed most valuable to implementing…

Gilley, Ann; Gilley, Jerry W.; McMillan, Heather S.

2009-01-01

500

The Leadership Enigma  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When teachers and administrators talk about leadership with their students and hang leadership banners on the school walls, the assumption is that leadership is grounded on an ethical framework and that leaders will have the strength to go against the tide of popular opinion. The author argues that such an assumption is a mistake. In this article,…

Wiseman, Rosalind

2009-01-01