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Sample records for probation officers rehabilitation

  1. The Probation Officer's Recommendation in His "Investigation Report."

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Frishtik, Mordechai

    1988-01-01

    Empirically reviewed Israeli probation officer's recommendation in his investigation report concerning offenders between the ages of 18 and 21, studying factors influencing officer's recommending probation versus refraining from probation recommendation. Tested four models: diagnostic-rehabilitation, prognostic-public defense, organizational, and…

  2. Role Socialization of Juvenile Court Probation Officers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petronio, Richard J.

    1982-01-01

    Tested the degree of association between probation officers' sent and received roles and role behavior in four juvenile courts. Found the role communicated to probation officers by their superiors was predictive of the role the probation officers perceived but not of the role as enacted with juveniles. (Author)

  3. Legally Prescribed Functions of Adult and Juvenile Probation Officers: Worlds Apart?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Steiner, Benjamin; Purkiss, Marcus; Kifer, Misty; Roberts, Elizabeth; Hemmens, Craig

    2004-01-01

    Historically, there have been two competing goals of probation: law enforcement and rehabilitation of the offender. Accordingly, the role, functions, and tasks of probation officers are at times in conflict. In this paper we explore the roles of adult and juvenile probation officers and compare their statutorily prescribed duties. In so doing we…

  4. A psychiatric clinic in a probation office.

    PubMed

    Bowden, P

    1978-11-01

    A weekly clinic was held for one year in a London probation office with 41 probation officers. Only 23 cases were referred but the clinic was found to be a valuable forum for discussion of problems with the officers, 10 per cent of whose clients were estimated to be receiving psychiatric treatment elsewhere. Suggestions are made to improve collaboration between psychiatrists and probation officers. PMID:728694

  5. Juvenile probation officers' mental health decision making.

    PubMed

    Wasserman, Gail A; McReynolds, Larkin S; Whited, Andria L; Keating, Joseph M; Musabegovic, Hana; Huo, Yanling

    2008-09-01

    We reviewed case records for 583 juvenile delinquency intakes in four county juvenile probation offices; 14.4% were receiving mental health or substance use services at case opening, and 24.9% were newly identified during probation contact. Youths were significantly more likely to be newly identified if they were repeat offenders, if their probation officer knew more about mental health and if they resided in a county without a shortage of available mental health professionals. Probation officers were especially likely to underidentify internalizing disorders. Policy implications for promoting identification of mental health needs and improving linkage to community service providers are discussed. PMID:18642071

  6. Juvenile participation in conversations with probation officers.

    PubMed

    van Nijnatten, Carolus; Stevens, Gonneke

    2012-05-01

    Juvenile probation work comprises a mixture of repressive and empowering strategies, since probation officers need to control young offenders' conduct and at the same time help the offender to take responsibility and live life within the margins of society. This ambiguous nature of juvenile probation work may confuse the communication between probation officers and juveniles. Interviews with offenders of Moroccan origin and their probation officers in the Netherlands show that both parties are unhappy with the mutual communication. According to the youngsters, a restrictive policy is inevitable but might be more effective if this would go together with an empowering approach. Interactional analysis of the conversations shows that the lack of juvenile participation is caused by professional conversational dominance, as seen in topic control, poor role clarification, and a cross-examining style of the conversations. PMID:21429957

  7. The Attitudes and Decisions of Probation Officers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katz, Janet

    1982-01-01

    Examined attitudes of probation officers to determine how these attitudes correlated with decisions to recommend sentences of incarceration or probation for hypothetical defendants described in six case studies. Used Fishbein's theoretical model for the prediction of behavioral intentions to examine this relationship. Implications and suggestions…

  8. Probation Officers and Correctional Treatment Specialists.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alpert, Andrew D.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses the changes in the work of probation officers and correctional treatment specialists. Includes information about job outlook, earnings, training requirements, and working conditions as well as sources of additional information. (JOW)

  9. Walking the line: specialized and standard probation officer perspectives on supervising probationers with serious mental illnesses.

    PubMed

    Epperson, Matthew W; Canada, Kelli; Thompson, Julian; Lurigio, Arthur

    2014-01-01

    Specialized probation programs were developed to more effectively address the unique needs of probationers with serious mental illnesses. Probation officers are tasked with serving both law enforcement and rehabilitative functions, and officers play an important gatekeeper function in helping probationers with serious mental illnesses avoid long incarceration sentences. The purpose of this paper was to explore specialized and standard probation officers' work in supervising probationers with serious mental illnesses. Twenty-one probation officers (11 specialized and 10 standard) participated in semi-structured interviews. Qualitative analyses examined: 1 - beliefs on the relationship between mental illness and crime; 2 - purpose of specialized and standard probation units; and 3 - approaches to supervising probationers with serious mental illnesses. Implications for developing more effective probation supervision programs are discussed. PMID:24680641

  10. 28 CFR 2.42 - Probation officer's reports to Commission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Probation officer's reports to Commission... § 2.42 Probation officer's reports to Commission. A supervision report shall be submitted by the responsible probation officer to the Commission for each parolee after the completion of 24 months...

  11. 28 CFR 2.42 - Probation officer's reports to Commission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Probation officer's reports to Commission... § 2.42 Probation officer's reports to Commission. A supervision report shall be submitted by the responsible probation officer to the Commission for each parolee after the completion of 24 months...

  12. 28 CFR 2.42 - Probation officer's reports to Commission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Probation officer's reports to Commission... § 2.42 Probation officer's reports to Commission. A supervision report shall be submitted by the responsible probation officer to the Commission for each parolee after the completion of 24 months...

  13. 28 CFR 2.42 - Probation officer's reports to Commission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Probation officer's reports to Commission... § 2.42 Probation officer's reports to Commission. A supervision report shall be submitted by the responsible probation officer to the Commission for each parolee after the completion of 24 months...

  14. 28 CFR 2.42 - Probation officer's reports to Commission.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Probation officer's reports to Commission... § 2.42 Probation officer's reports to Commission. A supervision report shall be submitted by the responsible probation officer to the Commission for each parolee after the completion of 24 months...

  15. Functional versus Critical Literacy in the Rehabilitation of Offenders: A Survey of Probation Services in England and Wales.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, Alec; Caddick, Brian; Reed, Malcolm; Ford, Karen

    1999-01-01

    A survey of 53 probation services in England and Wales and visits to 13 revealed unsystematic provision of literacy services in correctional rehabilitation, conflicting perspectives on how literacy should be defined and taught, and ambivalence about the role of probation officers as punitive or preventive. (SK)

  16. Probation officers immune in wrongful transmission suit.

    PubMed

    1998-05-01

    A woman who contracted HIV from a parolee cannot hold his probation officers liable for failing to warn her. [Name removed], who had a previous sexual relationship with [name removed], said she would not have had sex with him on his release from prison had she known he was HIV-positive, and blames the Iowa probation officers for withholding the information. [Name removed] died in 1993, and [name removed] died while the suit was pending. Judge Rodney Webb found that the officers were entitled to qualified immunity. At the time of her infection, [name removed]'s estate claims, the officers put her in a position of danger, violating her due process according to the State-created danger theory. However, the theory was just being developed, and the judge found it just as likely that an official would have thought disclosing [name removed]' HIV status to [name removed] violated [name removed]' privacy rights. PMID:11365323

  17. Probation officers' beliefs about the effectiveness of alcohol treatment.

    PubMed

    Polcin, Douglas L

    2004-06-01

    Research has shown that a large number of individuals on probation have alcohol problems but only a fraction of them receive treatment. This study surveyed 145 probation officers about their views on alcohol problems among probationers. A previous analysis of the data found that two beliefs predicted probation officers' use of coercion to mandate probationers to alcohol treatment: the belief that treatment was effective and the belief that one's peers were using coercion to mandate treatment. The analysis reported here examined factors associated with probation officers' belief that treatment works. Multiple regression found that several factors predicted the belief that treatment is effective. Officers who had a family member with a drinking problem (current or family of origin), those who had a strong belief about their self-efficacy in handling alcohol problems, and those who were more likely to make coerced referrals had stronger beliefs that treatment was effective. Strategies for facilitating accurate beliefs about the effectiveness of treatment and increasing self-efficacy among probation officers are reviewed. PMID:15369210

  18. 28 CFR 2.38 - Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... § 2.38 Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers. (a) Pursuant to sections 3655 and 4203(b)(4) of title 18 of the U.S. Code, U.S. Probation Officers shall provide such parole services as the Commission may request. In conformity with the foregoing, probation officers function as parole officers...

  19. 28 CFR 2.38 - Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... § 2.38 Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers. (a) Pursuant to sections 3655 and 4203(b)(4) of title 18 of the U.S. Code, U.S. Probation Officers shall provide such parole services as the Commission may request. In conformity with the foregoing, probation officers function as parole officers...

  20. An Empirical Examination of the Work Ideologies of Juvenile and Adult Probation Officers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sluder, Richard D.; Reddington, Frances P.

    1993-01-01

    Collected data from 206 probation officers to examine work ideologies of juvenile versus adult probation officers. Findings revealed that juvenile and adult probation officers differed in their opinions about the best method of managing offenders under correctional supervision, with juvenile workers expressing more support for casework-type…

  1. Patterns of Contact and Cooperation between Juvenile Probation Officers and Parents of Youthful Offenders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwalbe, Craig S.; Maschi, Tina

    2010-01-01

    This study documents patterns of contact between juvenile probation officers and parents and examines factors associated with officer judgments about parental cooperation. Data for the study was derived from a Web-based survey of probation officers (N = 308) who reported their use of probation strategies with specific youths identified from their…

  2. Training for Juvenile Probation Officers. A Workshop Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Children's Bureau (DHEW), Washington, DC.

    This is the report of a workshop that was designed to examine the problems of training for probation officers in juvenile courts. The workshop was planned by the Children's Bureau and held from June 26 through June 30, 1960. Section I of the report discusses the purposes of the workshop, selection of the participants, and the workshop plan.…

  3. Teaching Writing to Probation Officers: Problems, Methods, and Resources.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutter, Russell

    1982-01-01

    Explores the writing needs of probation officers and how this kind of writing can best be taught to college students specializing in criminal justice. Discusses how to gather information and prepare presentence reports and how to remain objective in corrections writing. Compares corrections reporting with traditional technical writing. (HTH)

  4. Unraveling Probation Officers' Practices with Youths with Histories of Trauma and Stressful Life Events

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maschi, Tina; Schwalbe, Craig S.

    2012-01-01

    This study examines how probation officers' (POs) knowledge of juveniles' trauma influences probation practices. The study was conducted with POs who responded to a Web-based survey ("n" = 308). The POs were directed to randomly select one juvenile from their caseload and to complete the Probation Practices Assessment Survey to assess their…

  5. Investigating probation strategies with juvenile offenders: the influence of officers' attitudes and youth characteristics.

    PubMed

    Schwalbe, Craig S; Maschi, Tina

    2009-10-01

    Probation officers are the focal point for most interventions with delinquent youths in the juvenile justice system. The present study examines probation strategies and interventions in a sample of 308 probation officers who completed the Probation Practices Assessment Survey (PPAS) in a web-based survey. The PPAS measures six probation approaches: deterrence, restorative justice, treatment, confrontation, counseling, and behavioral tactics. Structural equation models and latent class analyses showed that probation officers use multiple approaches with delinquent youths consistent with the balanced and restorative justice movement. Younger youths, high-risk youths, and youths with prior social service involvements are likely to receive more intensive interventions. The implications of these findings for improving probation practices with delinquent youth are discussed. PMID:18839292

  6. Probation Officer Candidate Information Booklet and User's Manual. Standards and Training for Corrections Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Board of Corrections, Sacramento.

    This package consists of an information booklet for job candidates preparing to take California's Probation Officer Examination and a user's manual intended for those who will administer the examination. The candidate information booklet provides background information about the development and validation of the Probation Officer Examination,…

  7. Volume I A Comparative Case Study Exploring How Federal Probation Officers Experience Different Distance Education Formats

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caufield, Eileen Claire

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of federal probation officers' perceived value of different distance education formats, the learning strategies they used to facilitate their learning, and the degree to which learner autonomy varied among the probation officers. This comparative case study sought to answer the following three…

  8. 28 CFR 2.38 - Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers. 2.38 Section 2.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION AND... § 2.38 Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers. (a) Pursuant to sections 3655 and...

  9. 28 CFR 2.38 - Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers. 2.38 Section 2.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION AND... § 2.38 Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers. (a) Pursuant to sections 3655 and...

  10. 28 CFR 2.38 - Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers. 2.38 Section 2.38 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE PAROLE, RELEASE, SUPERVISION AND... § 2.38 Community supervision by U.S. Probation Officers. (a) Pursuant to sections 3655 and...

  11. Probation Officer Training Checklist: A Guide for Training Newly Appointed Federal Probation Officers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Federal Judicial Center, Washington, DC.

    This training checklist, designed to assist in educating and training federal court personnel, was developed to assure that every new officer received all of the training required for the adequate performance of his (or her) duties. The checklist is not a lesson plan. Substantive material and information available to the trainer (and listed here)…

  12. Factors associated with probation officers' use of criminal justice coercion to mandate alcohol treatment.

    PubMed

    Polcin, Douglas L; Greenfield, Thomas K

    2003-08-01

    Alcohol problems are widespread among individuals in county criminal justice probation systems. However, it is unclear why only a small fraction of these problem drinkers receive treatment. In this study, self-administered questionnaires were mailed to 145 probation officers in nine California counties to identify factors that predicted probation officers' use of coercion to mandate alcohol treatment. The questionnaire measured characteristics of probation officers, characteristics of their caseloads, and perceptions about their departments. Principle components analysis combined some of the items into six factor-based scales. Multiple regression analyses identified two significant predictors of use of coercion into treatment: a belief that treatment was effective and a belief that one's peers in the department were using coercion frequently. Implications for increasing treatment entry of probationers with drinking problems include educating probation officers about the effectiveness of substance abuse treatment in general and about coerced treatment in particular. Probation departments are encouraged to develop management styles that facilitate shared normative beliefs about assessing and managing alcohol problems among probationers. PMID:14510045

  13. Bringing hope and change: a study of youth probation officers in Toronto.

    PubMed

    Umamaheswar, Janani

    2013-09-01

    Although youth probation (in some countries described as youth justice or youth offending work) has been widely discussed in older and more recent criminological literature, less attention has been paid to youth probation officers' accounts of their attitudes and strategies. In this study, the author uses in-depth interviews with 20 youth probation officers in Toronto, examining officers' attitudes toward the youth they work with and how these attitudes are reflected in the strategies that the officers use to achieve their professional goals. Findings reveal that the officers balance their authoritative and supportive roles not only to hold youth accountable, to encourage them to assert control over their lives, and to maintain optimism about the possibility of a nondeviant life, but also to assist the youth in attaining the means and resources necessary to make positive changes. These findings are interpreted within the framework of Canadian youth justice legislation as well as the broader desistance literature. PMID:22573709

  14. Probation Officer Physical Abilities Report. Standards and Training for Corrections Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Board of Corrections, Sacramento.

    A study examined the physical ability requirements for entry-level probation officers in the California. The study, which was undertaken at the request of the California Board of Corrections, had the following objectives: statewide job analysis of the requirements of three entry-level positions in county agencies--corrections officer, probation…

  15. The Role of the Juvenile Probation Officer regarding the Adolescent Sex Offender and Related Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goldsmith, Herbert R.

    1988-01-01

    Examines the ethical role of the juvenile probabtion officer regarding the adolescent sex offender. Demonstrates the need for role consonant treatment models. Explores the applicability of the proffered model to other offender populations and stresses the appropriate role of the juvenile probation officer. Examines appropriate assessment of…

  16. What Drives Juvenile Probation Officers? Relating Organizational Contexts, Status Characteristics, and Personal Convictions to Treatment and Punishment Orientations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Geoff; Kupchik, Aaron

    2010-01-01

    Data from surveys of juvenile court probation officers in four states are analyzed to understand professional orientations toward two seemingly contrasting goals of contemporary juvenile justice systems: punishment and treatment. These self-reported juvenile probation officer orientations are considered in relation to three clusters of variables…

  17. Probation officers' perceptions of youths' risk of reoffending and use of risk assessment in case management.

    PubMed

    Perrault, Rachael T; Paiva-Salisbury, Melissa; Vincent, Gina M

    2012-01-01

    Juvenile probation officers (JPOs) are required to make numerous decisions about the case management of young offenders on a daily basis. This multi-site study examined JPOs' (N=64) perceptions of the typical youth's risk of reoffending before implementation of a risk/needs assessment (RNA) tool, and their self-reported, case management decision-making after implementation of an RNA tool. Results indicated that JPOs tended to overestimate the likely base rates of reoffending while RNA tool estimates were more accurate. Further, most JPOs appeared to be making service referral and placement decisions commensurate with youths' risk levels, regardless of whether they claimed to use the RNA tool in their decisions. Variability in application of risk to case management practices was more a function of the probation office than of the specific JPO. Implications for use of risk assessment in juvenile probation are discussed. PMID:22740174

  18. Alcohol use and prior alcohol-related convictions as predictors of probation officer perceptions and sentencing.

    PubMed

    Harrell, W A

    1980-11-01

    Presentence reports for 740 offenders were content analyzed. Regression techniques were used to evaluate a number of predictors of sentencing, including the effects of number of prior alcohol-related convictions and whether the offender was intoxicated while committing the offense he was charged with. The two most prominent variables affecting the severity of sentence were the probation officer's assessment of the offender's probable success on probation and the legal seriousness of the offense. While failing to have any significant direct effects on sentencing, our measures of alcohol use had significant indirect effects which were mediated by the probation officer's assessment of success on probation and legal seriousness. An extensive criminal record of prior alcohol-related convictions resulted in a poorer prognosis for success on probation this, in turn, led to more severe sentences for these offenders. Intoxication while committing an offense was related to the commission of minor crimes which, subsequently, yielded more lenient treatment for alcohol-users compared to nonusers. Finally, native offenders were more likely than nonnatives to have many prior alcohol-related convictions and to have been intoxicated while committing an offense. PMID:7216566

  19. Probation Officer Knowledge/Skill Maps. Standards and Training for Corrections Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Board of Corrections, Sacramento.

    These knowledge/skill maps are intended to assist individuals responsible for developing training courses for probation officers. Maps are provided for the following task areas: processing juveniles taken into custody (dependents, status offenders, and delinquents); juvenile intake and processing; adult or juvenile investigation; procedures for…

  20. Probation Officer Cutoff Score Report. Standards and Training for Corrections Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    California State Board of Corrections, Sacramento.

    This report is intended to assist those agencies considering using California's Probation Officer Examination as a tool for selecting personnel. It is intended to provide agencies with guidance in setting test cutoff scores rather than an exhaustive discussion of all of the factors that must be considered before setting cutoff scores for actual…

  1. Training Probation and Parole Officers to Provide Substance Abuse Treatment: A Field Test.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cunningham, John A.; Herie, Marilyn; Martin, Garth; Turner, Bonnie J.

    1998-01-01

    The results of field-testing a substance-abuse treatment protocol are reported. Ten probation and parole officers were trained in Structured Relapse Prevention, and 55 clients were treated. Incentives and barriers to treatment are highlighted. The use of this type of field test as a dissemination technique is discussed. (EMK)

  2. Special Education Advocacy in the Juvenile Justice System: Perspectives from Probation Officers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burke, Meghan M.; Dalmage, Heather

    2016-01-01

    Although students with disabilities are over-represented in the juvenile justice system and frequently receive poor educational services, few studies have examined strategies to increase compliance with student needs and individualized education programs. In this study, we conducted interviews with eight probation officers in the Advocacy Unit of…

  3. Attributions of Delinquency by Delinquent Minors, Their Families, and Probation Officers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sagatun, Inger J.

    1991-01-01

    Surveyed 68 delinquent minors, 57 parents, and 101 probation officers to compare attributions of responsibility for delinquency. All three groups saw the minor, the family, and friends as three factors most responsible for delinquency, but in varying degrees and combinations. Findings demonstrate importance of studying perceptions of different…

  4. Responding to HIV and AIDS. A Training Manual for United States Probation Officers. Participant's Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tyree, Jimmy L.

    This training manual provides U.S. Probation Officers with a useful guide in understanding the dynamics of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). It also gives advice on making this information specific and appropriate to the offenders with whom they work on their caseloads. The manual contains six core…

  5. High-fidelity specialty mental health probation improves officer practices, treatment access, and rule compliance.

    PubMed

    Manchak, Sarah M; Skeem, Jennifer L; Kennealy, Patrick J; Louden, Jennifer Eno

    2014-10-01

    Many probation agencies in the United States assign offenders with mental illness to relatively small specialty caseloads supervised by officers with relevant training, rather than to large general caseloads. Specialty caseloads are designed to improve the process and outcomes of probation, largely by linking these probationers with psychiatric treatment and avoiding unnecessary violations. In this multimethod, longitudinal matched trial, we tested whether a prototypical specialty agency (n = 183) differed from a traditional agency (n = 176) in officers' practices, probationers' treatment access, and probationers' rule violations. The specialty agency yielded significantly (a) better officer practices (e.g., problem solving rather than sanction threats; higher quality relationships with probationers; more boundary spanning), (b) greater rates of treatment involvement, and (c) lower rates of violation reports than the traditional agency. Additionally, officers' use of sanctions and threats increased probationers' risk of incurring a probation violation, whereas high-quality officer-probationer relationships protected against this outcome. When implemented with fidelity, specialty mental health caseloads improved the supervision process for this high-need group. PMID:24749700

  6. Supervision practices in specialty mental health probation: What happens in officer-probationer meetings?

    PubMed

    Eno Louden, Jennifer; Skeem, Jennifer L; Camp, Jacqueline; Vidal, Sarah; Peterson, Jillian

    2012-04-01

    As the correctional population continues to increase, probation agencies struggle to adequately supervise offenders with unique needs, including those with mental disorder. Although more than 100 U.S. probation agencies have implemented specialty mental health case-loads, little is known about their practices. Based on detailed observations of 83 audio-taped meetings, we examined interactions between probationers and officers in a prototypic specialty agency, focusing on the extent to which practices comport with evidence-based risk reduction principles. We found that specialty officers (a) more frequently discussed probationers' general mental health than any individual criminogenic need, (b) chiefly questioned, directed, affirmed, and supported (rather than confronted) probationers, and (c) relied more heavily on neutral strategies and positive pressures (e.g., inducements) rather than negative pressures (e.g., threats of incarceration) to monitor and enforce compliance. Implications for "what works" to promote community integration for probationers with mental disorder are discussed. PMID:22471415

  7. Probation Officer Role Emphases and Use of Risk Assessment Information before and after Training.

    PubMed

    Ricks, Elijah P; Eno Louden, Jennifer; Kennealy, Patrick J

    2016-03-01

    This research examined how probation officers use risk information about offenders, and how its use is affected by what aspects of their role they emphasize. Officers (N = 152) were invited to complete surveys before and after a risk assessment tool training (46.0-65.8% participation rate). Surveys assessed estimates of reoffense and officers' likely supervision approach given a probationer's risk level. Officers tended to overestimate the likelihood of medium- and high-risk offenders to reoffend. As risk level rose, officers tended to increase the number of meetings and referrals. Officers' role emphases were related to how they perceived low-risk offenders' likelihood to reoffend, but not for offenders at other risk levels. There was relative consistency in officers' role emphases, supervision decisions, and responses to violations, so that differences in practice did not appear to be systematic. Most officers' risk perceptions were more realistic after training. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:26990018

  8. Job-related burnout among juvenile probation officers: Implications for mental health stigma and competency.

    PubMed

    White, Laura M; Aalsma, Matthew C; Holloway, Evan D; Adams, Erin L; Salyers, Michelle P

    2015-08-01

    The high demands and responsibilities of probation work, particularly with juvenile clients, may lead to burnout, which can negatively impact how probation officers work with clients, particularly individuals with behavioral health concerns. Yet, research examining burnout and related outcomes among juvenile probation officers (JPOs) is limited. We surveyed 246 JPOs in a Midwestern state to identify the prevalence, predictors, and potential outcomes of burnout. JPOs reported moderate levels of burnout; about 30% of the sample scored in the high range for emotional exhaustion and cynicism. Contrary to study hypotheses, there were no group-level differences in burnout scores across gender, race/ethnicity, age, or education. In regression models, burnout was predicted by being White (vs. minority), serving in an urban (vs. rural) county, dissatisfaction with department guidelines, job dissatisfaction, viewing job role as more treatment-oriented along the enforcement-treatment continuum, and turnover intention. JPOs with burnout were more likely to endorse mental health stigma and lack of mental health competency to address juvenile clients with behavioral health concerns. Findings suggest burnout prevention and intervention programs should be considered for JPOs to increase job satisfaction, limit job turnover, reduce burnout, and possibly increase effective practices for managing juvenile clients with behavioral health needs. PMID:26009896

  9. Understanding the Decision to Pursue Revocation of Intensive Supervision: A Descriptive Survey of Juvenile Probation and Aftercare Officers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lowe, Nathan C.; Dawson-Edwards, Cherie; Minor, Kevin I.; Wells, James B.

    2008-01-01

    This study examines staff perceptions of juvenile intensive supervision program goals and frequency of offender violations. It identifies factors staff consider in pursuing revocation and alternatives they use to avert revocation. Staff prioritized rehabilitation behind other goals. Regardless of whether they considered probated or aftercare…

  10. Effect of psychopathy, abuse, and ethnicity on juvenile probation officers' decision-making and supervision strategies.

    PubMed

    Vidal, Sarah; Skeem, Jennifer L

    2007-10-01

    Probation officers exercise substantial discretion in their daily work with troubled and troubling juvenile offenders. In this experiment, we examine the effect of psychopathic features, child abuse, and ethnicity on 204 officers' expectancies of, recommendations for, and approach to supervising, juvenile offenders. The results indicate that officers (a) have decision-making and supervision approaches that are affected by a youth's psychopathic traits and history of child abuse-but not ethnicity; (b) view both abused youth and psychopathic youth as highly challenging cases on a path toward adult criminality; and (c) have greater hope and sympathy for abused youth than psychopathic youth. For abused youth, officers are likely to recommend psychological services and "go the extra mile" by providing greater support, referrals, and networking than is typical for their caseload. For psychopathic youth, officers expect poor treatment outcomes and are" extra strict," enforcing rules that typically are not enforced for others on their caseload. PMID:17294135

  11. The Police Contribution to the Development of Probation: An Historical Account.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindner, Charles

    1994-01-01

    Traces short, but intense, early conflict, largely during 19th century, between social workers and police officers for control of probation service. Notes that, although social work concepts like treatment and rehabilitation dominated field for many years, in recent times many probation agencies have turned toward control-oriented service, more…

  12. An Exploration of How Women Probation and Parole Officers Learn to Negotiate Power and Interest in the Criminal Justice System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Varner, Barbara Eileen

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this narrative inquiry was to explore the ways women probation and parole officers learn to negotiate power and interests in the criminal justice system. The women are considered officers of the courts and work within the constraints of the court system. The framework that informed this study was a critical feminist lens on the…

  13. Confronting Delinquency: Probations Officers' Use of Coercion and Client-Centered Tactics to Foster Youth Compliance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwalbe, Craig S.; Maschi, Tina

    2011-01-01

    Youthful compliance with juvenile court mandates is a cornerstone of effective probation practice. Despite this, research has not examined probation strategies for encouraging and enforcing youthful compliance with probation conditions. This study describes the use of confrontational tactics and client-centered approaches reported by probation…

  14. How do probation officers assess and manage recidivism and violence risk for probationers with mental disorder? An experimental investigation.

    PubMed

    Louden, Jennifer Eno; Skeem, Jennifer L

    2013-02-01

    Persons with mental disorder are overrepresented in the criminal justice system. Once involved in the criminal justice system, offenders with mental disorder are more likely to return to custody while on probation than their nondisordered counterparts, often for breaking the rules of community supervision. Risk assessments and risk management strategies employed by probation officers can lead to higher rates of returns to custody for probationers with mental disorder, and the current study is the first to examine these experimentally. Here, 234 probation officers provided risk assessments and risk management decisions based on a vignette portraying a probationer with mental disorder, substance abuse disorder, both, or neither. Although substance abuse is a relatively stronger risk factor than mental disorder, mental disorder had a stronger effect on officers' risk assessments. In terms of risk management, mental disorder had the strongest effect on officers' desire to manage risk with forced mental health treatment. These findings suggest that training for probation officers in the relative utility of mental disorder in predicting risk, in addition to evidence-based risk management strategies that take the focus off mental disorder, may improve outcomes for probationers with mental disorder. PMID:22468760

  15. An Experimental Study of Interventions for the Acquisition and Retention of Motivational Interviewing Skills among Probation Officers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asteris, Mark M., Jr.

    2012-01-01

    This study was designed to investigate the differences in Motivational Interviewing (MI) skill acquisition and retention among probation officers. This study had a randomized, experimental, pretest-posttest control group design using the MITI 3.1.1 and the VASE-R to measure MI skill acquisition and retention. A random sample (n = 24) of probation…

  16. Development of Knowledge Domains and an Instrument to Assess Probation Officers' Knowledge of Offenders with Intellectual Disabilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Valerie E.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to assess probation officers knowledge levels of offenders with intellectual disabilities by utilizing a synthesis of subject matter analysis technique and a comprehensive review of literature. This study was conducted in two phases. The first phase was devoted to establishing the knowledge…

  17. Psychopathy, conduct disorder, and stigma: does diagnostic labeling influence juvenile probation officer recommendations?

    PubMed

    Murrie, Daniel C; Cornell, Dewey G; McCoy, Wendy K

    2005-06-01

    This study investigated the potential influence of labeling a juvenile as psychopathic. Juvenile probation officers (JPOs; N = 260) rendered hypothetical recommendations based on eight mock psychological evaluations. The evaluations varied the presence of two diagnostic criteria (antisocial behavioral history and psychopathic personality traits) and diagnostic labels (psychopathy, conduct disorder, no diagnosis) in order to distinguish criterion effects from labeling effects. The diagnostic criteria of antisocial behavior had a substantial effect on JPO recommendations (effect sizes .50-.79), while the diagnostic criteria of psychopathic personality traits had a more limited effect. Surprisingly, diagnostic labels had little effect, and there were no appreciable differences between conduct disorder and psychopathy diagnoses. These findings illustrate the importance of distinguishing diagnostic criterion effects from diagnostic labeling effects. PMID:15965631

  18. Tampa Federal Offender Rehabilitation. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tallant, Kyle M.; And Others

    Vocational rehabilitation counselors were assigned on a full-time basis to the Federal Probation Office in Tampa, Florida, to work with probationers and releasees as soon as the case files were received in the probation office. This 3-year project was part of a cooperative research program conducted in seven states. A total of 247 offenders…

  19. Field reliability of the SAVRY with juvenile probation officers: Implications for training.

    PubMed

    Vincent, Gina M; Guy, Laura S; Fusco, Samantha L; Gershenson, Bernice G

    2012-06-01

    Two complimentary studies were conducted to investigate the inter-rater reliability and performance of juvenile justice personnel when conducting the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk for Youth (SAVRY). Study 1 reports the performance on four standardized vignettes of 408 juvenile probation officers (JPOs) and social workers rating the SAVRY as part of their training. JPOs had high agreement with the expert consensus on the SAVRY rating of overall risk and total scores, but those trained by a peer master trainer outperformed those trained by an expert. Study 2 examined the field reliability of the SAVRY on 80 young offender cases rated by a JPO and a trained research assistant. In the field, intra-class correlation coefficients were 'excellent' for SAVRY total and most domain scores, and were 'good' for overall risk ratings. Results suggest that the SAVRY and structured professional judgment can be used reliably in the field by juvenile justice personnel and is comparable to reliability indices reported in more lab-like research studies; however, replication is essential. PMID:22667812

  20. 75 FR 27318 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation Capacity....gpoaccess.gov/nara/index.html . Dated: May 11, 2010. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special...

  1. Collaboration among sex offender treatment providers and probation and parole officers: the beliefs and behaviors of treatment providers.

    PubMed

    McGrath, Robert J; Cumming, Georgia; Holt, John

    2002-01-01

    New and emerging collaborative responses to sex offender management are challenging traditional notions about how treatment providers and probation and parole officers (POs) deliver services to this difficult population. Typically, sex offender treatment professionals provide community-based services to offenders who are supervised by POs. Yet, no comprehensive survey has investigated how treatment providers and POs collaborate and view their relationships with each other. This national random survey examined the beliefs and behaviors of community-based adult sex-offender treatment providers concerning various types of provider and PO interactions and collaborative models. Overall, treatment providers reported that they value frequent and substantive communication with POs concerning mutual clients. There was, however, considerable diversity in practice and opinion among providers with regard to POs leading, coleading, and observing sex offender treatment groups. Treatment providers' opinions about various clinical, ethical, and legal issues evident in these collaborative approaches are examined. PMID:11803595

  2. 75 FR 21606 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Rehabilitation Training--National Clearinghouse of Rehabilitation Training Materials; Notice Inviting Applications for New Awards for Fiscal Year (FY) 2010 Catalog of...

  3. Perspectives on probation and mandated mental health treatment in specialized and traditional probation departments.

    PubMed

    Skeem, Jennifer L; Encandela, John; Louden, Jennifer Eno

    2003-01-01

    Despite the prevalence of mentally ill probationers, and probation officers' (POs') central role in their supervision, this is the first reported study to investigate how POs implement mandates to participate in psychiatric treatment. Five focus groups were conducted in major cities with 32 POs and 20 probationers representing a mix of traditional and "specialty" probation agencies. Three key findings resulted. First, there were considerable differences between POs in specialty and traditional agencies in the nature, range, and timing of strategies applied to monitor and enforce treatment compliance. Second, the quality of PO-probationer relationships colored POs' use of these strategies and was perceived as central to probationer outcomes. Relationships characterized by a respectful, personal, approach were perceived as more effective in achieving desired outcomes than those that were more authoritarian. Third, specialty agencies strongly emphasized offender rehabilitation whereas traditional agencies focused more exclusively on community safety. These agencies differed in how well probationers with mental illness "fit" their standard operating procedure. Implications for future research and directions for probation practice are discussed. PMID:12898501

  4. Predictors of juveniles' noncompliance with probation requirements.

    PubMed

    NeMoyer, Amanda; Goldstein, Naomi E S; McKitten, Rhonda L; Prelic, Ana; Ebbecke, Jenna; Foster, Erika; Burkard, Casey

    2014-12-01

    Probation is the most common disposition for adjudicated youth, but little is known about which specific requirements are commonly imposed on juveniles, the requirements with which juveniles most often fail to comply, and how certain youth characteristics and/or imposed requirements might relate to probation noncompliance. An investigation of 120 archived files of youth represented by an urban public defender's office identified 29 probation requirements imposed on youth and 18 requirements with which youth commonly failed to comply. Results revealed that 52% of youth failed to comply with at least one probation requirement; prior probation noncompliance and race were both significantly associated with noncompliance in the examined probation disposition. In addition, the probability of probation noncompliance was significantly higher when youth received either of two substance-related probation requirements: drug tests or drug and alcohol counseling. Such results may prompt further investigation of juvenile probation-related predictors, identify areas of need for clinical service provision to foster successful completion of probation requirements, and help identify areas of potential biases among juvenile court personnel. PMID:24933176

  5. Probation Program Planning for Youthful Offenders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weinberg, Henry

    1977-01-01

    Describes a program of early intervention in the cases of youthful adult offenders appearing before a district court that was developed by a probation officer, a career developer, an administrative assistant-coordinator, and three probation aides in the Brockton, Massachusetts district court. (Author/RK)

  6. 75 FR 25845 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS); Overview Information; Centers...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-10

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS); Overview Information; Centers for... Administration (RSA) staff from the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. The pre-application.... Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE...

  7. Pains of probation: effective practice and human rights.

    PubMed

    Durnescu, Ioan

    2011-06-01

    This article explores the experience of offenders while under probation supervision and analyses the "pains of probation" in connection to rehabilitation aspirations. The article has two main parts. In the first part of the article, the experiences of probationers are examined using thematic analysis, and eight different pains of probation are identified. In the second part of the article, these pains of probation are examined from two different perspectives: human rights and the Good Lives Model. The conclusion is that these two perspectives support each other and can help reduce the frustrations and deprivations experienced by individuals on probation. By implementing these two perspectives, probation services may overcome the obstacles toward desistance and earn more legitimacy in the eyes of probation recipients. PMID:20442271

  8. 43 CFR 30.111 - How does OHA commence a probate case?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false How does OHA commence a probate case? 30.111 Section 30.111 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Commencement of Probate Proceedings § 30.111 How does OHA commence a probate case?...

  9. Using Bibliotherapy to Enhance Probation and Reduce Recidivism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schutt, Russell K.; Deng, Xiaogang; Stoehr, Taylor

    2013-01-01

    Prior research indicates that probation programs that include efforts to change cognitive orientations and social patterns can enhance their effectiveness. This article reports an evaluation of an enhanced probation program, Changing Lives Through Literature, which uses a form of bibliotherapy to increase its rehabilitative effect. Controlling for…

  10. 43 CFR 30.160 - What may be purchased at probate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false What may be purchased at probate? 30.160 Section 30.160 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Purchase at Probate § 30.160 What may be purchased at probate? An eligible purchaser may purchase, during the probate, all or part of...

  11. Threats of incarceration in a psychiatric probation and parole service.

    PubMed

    Draine, J; Solomon, P

    2001-04-01

    This study of the extent to which probation officers use threats of incarceration when working with clients who have mental illness found that collaboration between probation and parole officers and mental health workers significantly enhances the coercive interactions between officers and their clients. Guidelines for collaboration between criminal justice and mental health systems are called for. PMID:11347368

  12. Rehabilitative Planning Services in a Public Defender's Office

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barrasso, Judy

    1977-01-01

    Shows that a Rehabilitative Planning Services Unit can provide invaluable assistance to a Public Defender's Office and enhance the quality of representation provided to indigent defendants. Such a unit could prove to be essential, particularly in situations where the defendant is ineligible for Pretrial diversion programs. (Author)

  13. 75 FR 34251 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Centers for...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Centers for Independent... Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P...

  14. 75 FR 47801 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Special...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Special Demonstration.... Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE...

  15. 75 FR 30795 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technology and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technology and Media... Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P...

  16. Motivational Interviewing as a Supervision Strategy in Probation: A Randomized Effectiveness Trial

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walters, Scott T.; Vader, Amanda M.; Nguyen, Norma; Harris, T. Robert; Eells, Jennifer

    2010-01-01

    Motivational interviewing (MI) has been recommended as a supervision style in probation. This project examined the effectiveness of an MI training curriculum on probation officer MI skill and subsequent probationer outcome. Twenty probation officers were randomized to receive MI training, or to a waiting list control, while an additional group of…

  17. 13 Universities on NCAA Probation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chronicle of Higher Education, 1984

    1984-01-01

    The 13 universities currently on National Collegiate Athletics Association probation, their probation expiration dates, sports affected, sanctions, and grounds for probationary action are listed. (MSE)

  18. 5 CFR 332.323 - Employees separated during probation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Employees separated during probation. 332.323 Section 332.323 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS... Eligibility § 332.323 Employees separated during probation. An employee who is separated (voluntarily...

  19. 5 CFR 332.323 - Employees separated during probation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Employees separated during probation. 332.323 Section 332.323 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS... Eligibility § 332.323 Employees separated during probation. An employee who is separated (voluntarily...

  20. More than a Case Number: Older Offenders on Probation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burnett, Cathleen; Kitchen, Alice

    1989-01-01

    Developed social profile of older offenders on probation by interviewing 62 offenders over age 55 being supervised by the Kansas City Office of Probation concerning demographic identifiers, social and financial support, legal histories, and attitudes and opinions of life adjustment. Results suggest that this population had physical and financial…

  1. 75 FR 3454 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-21

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence AGENCY: Department of... appropriate instructional strategies is permissible and when an evaluation for special education and related...: January 14, 2010. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative...

  2. Predicting probation revocation and residential facility placement at juvenile probation review hearings: Youth-specific and hearing-specific factors.

    PubMed

    NeMoyer, Amanda; Brooks Holliday, Stephanie; Goldstein, Naomi E S; McKitten, Rhonda L

    2016-02-01

    Although most justice-involved youth receive probation as a community-based alternative to residential facility placement, many of these youth are later committed to residential facilities when their probation dispositions are revoked at probation review hearings. The limited research investigating predictors of facility placement following juvenile probation revocation has focused primarily on youth-specific factors rather than on factors that can change from hearing to hearing, such as noncompliance with court-imposed probation conditions. The current study addressed this gap, using generalized estimating equation analyses with 77 youths' archived public defender files--providing data from 268 review hearings--to evaluate the role of both youth-specific factors (e.g., demographic characteristics) and hearing-specific factors (e.g., noncompliance with imposed probation requirements) in residential facility commitment. Results revealed that youth who were absent from the examined review hearing, were rearrested, failed to comply with school-related probation requirements, or failed to appear as directed at the prior review hearing were more likely to have probation revoked and be placed in a juvenile correctional facility. Such findings might help identify groups of youth at greater risk for facility commitment and might inform the guidance provided to juvenile probationers by their families, attorneys, and probation officers. PMID:26550679

  3. 75 FR 34298 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Vocational...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-16

    .... 75, No. 115 / Wednesday, June 16, 2010 / Notices#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Vocational Rehabilitation Services Projects for... Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. BILLING CODE 4000-01-P...

  4. Improving Agreement About Intervention Plans in Probation by Decision Support.

    PubMed

    Bosker, Jacqueline; Witteman, Cilia; Hermanns, Jo; Heij, Donnalee

    2015-12-01

    Reliability in decision making about intervention plans is a necessary condition for evidence-based probation work and equal treatment of offenders. Structuring decision making can improve agreement between clinical decision makers. In a former study however, we found that in Dutch probation practice structured risk and needs assessment did not result in acceptable agreement about intervention plans. The Dutch probation services subsequently introduced a tool for support in decision making on intervention plans. This article addresses the question whether the use of this tool results in better agreement between probation officers. A significant and meaningful improvement in agreement was found on all domains of the intervention plan. Implications for probation practice are discussed. PMID:24927740

  5. 75 FR 23254 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Training and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-03

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Training and Information... work collaboratively with personnel responsible for providing special education, early intervention... at home, including information available through the Office of Special Education Programs'...

  6. Probation Intensity, Self-Reported Offending, and Psychopathy in Juveniles on Probation for Serious Offenses.

    PubMed

    Wagoner, Ryan C; Schubert, Carol A; Mulvey, Edward P

    2015-06-01

    This study examines the relationship between level of supervision by the juvenile probation officers (JPO) and an adolescent's offending, considering the characteristics of juvenile offenders (specifically, level of psychopathy). Data are taken from the Pathways to Desistance Study on a subset of 859 juvenile offenders. We found that the level of probation officer supervision was not consistently related to the juvenile's risk of recidivism, and level of supervision did not affect self-reported offending. However, risk level is consistently related to offending behavior, more so than the level of supervision and other characteristics of these youths. Level of psychopathy does not moderate the relationship of self-reported offending and level of supervision. These results highlight the need for more integration of risk assessment tools into juvenile probation practices and the possibility of devising methods to focus this practice to make it more effective. PMID:26071509

  7. 43 CFR 30.140 - Where and when may I file a claim against the probate estate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Where and when may I file a claim against the probate estate? 30.140 Section 30.140 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the... transfers the probate file to OHA, with OHA. (a) In a formal probate proceeding, you must file your...

  8. OSERS (Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services) Transition Data Fact Sheet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2015

    2015-01-01

    The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) administers programs that assist in educating children and youth with disabilities and provides funding for vocational rehabilitation (VR) services for youth and adults with disabilities. OSERS established the Transition Steering Committee to focus specifically on the services,…

  9. 75 FR 66743 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-29

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; List of Correspondence AGENCY: Department of... State Directors of Special Education Executive Director Bill East, reiterating that the calculation of State financial support for special education and related services for children with...

  10. The Role of Probation in Forensic Assertive Community Treatment

    PubMed Central

    Lamberti, J. Steven; Deem, Alison; Weisman, Robert L.; LaDuke, Casey

    2011-01-01

    Objective Forensic assertive community treatment (FACT) is an adaptation of the assertive community treatment model designed to prevent criminal recidivism through criminal justice collaborations. A national survey was conducted to examine FACT collaborations with probation departments. Methods Members of the National Association of County Behavioral Health and Developmental Disability Directors were surveyed to identify FACT programs. Programs reporting collaborations with probation departments were contacted to provide details. Results Fifty-six percent of FACT programs (15 of 27) reported collaborating with probation departments. Probation officers were assigned an average of 29±16 hours weekly, and 80% of programs (12 of 15) reported a favorable impact of collaboration on risk of patient rearrest. Only two programs reported using standard tools to formally assess recidivism risk. The most common barrier to collaboration was differences in philosophy between FACT team clinicians and probation officers. Conclusions FACT collaborations involving probation departments are common and are viewed by most program leaders as helpful in reducing criminal recidivism. PMID:21459994

  11. Critical Issues in Adult Probation: Issues in Probation Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Eric W.; Parks, Evalyn C.

    These materials, gathered through an intensive review of computer searches in sociopsychological and criminal justice databases, library holdings at Ohio State University, publications from the National Criminal Justice Reference Service, and telephone/mail contacts with state and country probation systems, examine issues in probation management…

  12. Hampshire Probation Sports Counselling Scheme.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waldman, Keith

    A sports counseling scheme for young people on criminal probation in Hampshire (England) was developed in the 1980s as a partnership between the Sports Council and the Probation Service. The scheme aims to encourage offenders, aged 14 and up, to make constructive use of their leisure time; to allow participants the opportunity to have positive…

  13. A Quiet Revolution; Probation Subsidy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Robert L.

    This report provides a detailed account of California's probation subsidy program. Designed to reduce the county probation department's rate of commitment to state correctional agencies, the subsidy program offers the county a financial reward commensurate with the degree of reduction, an application of behavior modification and learning theory to…

  14. 43 CFR 30.120 - What authority does the judge have in probate cases?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true What authority does the judge have in probate cases? 30.120 Section 30.120 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior INDIAN PROBATE HEARINGS PROCEDURES Judicial Authority and Duties § 30.120 What authority does the judge have...

  15. 43 CFR 30.201 - What does a notice of a summary probate proceeding contain?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What does a notice of a summary probate proceeding contain? 30.201 Section 30.201 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior... filed a claim with BIA before the transfer of the probate file to OHA, with a copy of any such claim;...

  16. Rehabilitation

    MedlinePlus

    ... doing things you did before. This process is rehabilitation. Rehabilitation often focuses on Physical therapy to help your ... who has had a stroke may simply want rehabilitation to be able to dress or bathe without ...

  17. Rehabilitation

    MedlinePlus

    ... This process is rehabilitation. Rehabilitation often focuses on Physical therapy to help your strength, mobility and fitness Occupational ... who has had a stroke may simply want rehabilitation to be able to dress or bathe without ...

  18. 75 FR 13523 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; Migrant and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers Program Correction In notice document 2010-5976 beginning on page 13106 in the issue of...

  19. 75 FR 13106 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; Migrant and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; Migrant and Seasonal Farmworkers Program Notice inviting applications for new awards for fiscal year (FY) 2010. Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Number:...

  20. 77 FR 34942 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Annual State Application Under Part B of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act SUMMARY: In...

  1. 75 FR 48957 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technology and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-12

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technology and Media... impaired have access to all educational program content, the Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP... exceeding $1,000,000 for a single budget period of 12 months. The Assistant Secretary for Special...

  2. 77 FR 27746 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Annual...@ed.gov or mailed to U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue SW., LBJ, Washington, DC...

  3. 76 FR 13371 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Personnel...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-03-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Personnel Development To Improve Services and Results for Children With Disabilities--Paraprofessional Preservice Program Improvement Grants; Notice Inviting Applications...

  4. Treatment provider's perceived effectiveness of probation and parole: a case study.

    PubMed

    Suttmoeller, Michael; Keena, Linda D

    2012-02-01

    In the fall of 2005, the state of Missouri launched a three-prong assessment of the relationship between probation and parole and three of their stakeholders: police, courts, and treatment providers. The Division of Probation and Parole was interested in identifying these perceptions as they implement the Missouri Reentry Process (MRP). The MRP promotes the formation of interdependent working relationships between stakeholders and probation and parole. Before these relationships can be fostered or improved, an assessment of the current relationship was necessary. This article focuses on the 2nd year's project that involved a web-based, statewide survey of treatment providers. The purpose of the study was to conduct a utilization-focused evaluation to ascertain treatment providers' perceptions of probation and parole's service delivery. The descriptive statistics examined and described broad perceptions of the relationship. Bivariate analysis was conducted to determine whether a relationship existed between different dimensions such as education level, facility staff size, and other variables such as perceived support for treatment and whether probation and parole officers participate in information-sharing meetings. An overall favorable perception of probation and parole was apparent from the survey results. Statistically significant results for several dimensions of the relationship between probation and parole officers and treatment providers were found. These statistically significant results provided insight into the effectiveness of probation and parole's service delivery. The article concludes with a presentation of policy implications. PMID:21489999

  5. 75 FR 27737 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-18

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute on... February 1, 2008 (73 FR 6132). The Employer Practices Related to Employment Outcomes Among Individuals with... Centers program, published in the Federal Register on February 1, 2008 (73 FR 6132). (d) The notice...

  6. 75 FR 22760 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-30

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute on... Program, published in the Federal Register on April 28, 2006 (71 FR 25472). The Transition to Employment... Federal Register on April 28, 2006 (71 FR 25472). (d) The notice of final priority for the Disability...

  7. 75 FR 29327 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; State Personnel...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-25

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; State Personnel... final priority for this program, published in the Federal Register on June 9, 2006 (71 FR 33578...: (1) Carrying out programs that provide support to both special education and regular...

  8. 75 FR 34990 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-21

    ... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute on... February 1, 2008 (73 FR 6132). The Employment Outcomes for Individuals who are Blind or Visually Impaired... Centers program, published in the Federal Register on February 1, 2008 (73 FR 6132). (d) The notice...

  9. Differential Perceptions of Women Inmates, Correctional Staff, and Correctional Officers Regarding Rehabilitation Program Modalities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Joseph R.

    1997-01-01

    Examines perceptions among correctional officers, correctional staff, and women inmates of the most effective type of rehabilitative programs. Builds on an earlier paper focusing on women inmates' perceptions. Findings indicate that all three groups believed the majority of the programs currently offered to be either "Okay" or "Very Important."…

  10. 75 FR 5291 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technology and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-02

    ... approaches for instruction in science, mathematics, or both for children with disabilities. Waiver of... Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; Technology and Media... Assistance (CFDA) Number: 84.327A. Note: This notice includes one absolute priority with two phases,...

  11. Transition Activities in the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, US Department of Education, 2009

    2009-01-01

    The mission of the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) is to provide leadership to achieve full integration and participation in society of people with disabilities and to ensure equal opportunities in, access to, and excellence in education, employment and community living. In implementing this mission, OSERS…

  12. Roles and Functions of British Careers Officers: Implications for Rehabilitation Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thoreson, Richard W.; And Others

    1976-01-01

    This study was designed to parallel Muthard and Salomone's (1969) study of American rehabilitation counselors. The participants took a de-Americanized version of the Strong Campbell Interest Inventory (SCII) and the Careers Officer Task Inventory (COTI), which was designed for this study. The results suggested that role conflict is almost…

  13. Alcohol Consumption among Kansas State University Freshmen by Probation and Non-Probation Status.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Janis L.

    1989-01-01

    Examined relationship between consumption of alcoholic beverages and probation/non-probation status of college freshmen. Data revealed that males drank more than did females; students on probation drank more than did non-probation students; and students in the College of Business Administration drank more than students in Arts and Sciences and…

  14. Critical Issues in Adult Probation. Summary.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Harry E.; And Others

    This summary of the literature provides an overview on adult probation, with attention to the conceptual problems associated with often conflicting definitions of probation, the legal and statutory development of probation, its major objectives and tasks, and its effectiveness. Some of the critical areas addressed include: (1) the locus of…

  15. Validation of the Risk and Resiliency Assessment Tool for Juveniles in the Los Angeles County Probation System

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Susan; Fain, Terry; Sehgal, Amber

    2005-01-01

    On June 2, 2000, the Los Angeles County Probation Department entered into a settlement agreement with the Black Probation Officers Association in response to a civil suit. As part of the settlement, the Department was required to allocate resources internally based on the administration of a risk and needs instrument to its juvenile probationers.…

  16. The Effectiveness of the Los Angeles County School-Based Probation Program: High School Administrators' Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Rickey

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The Los Angeles County Probation Department is currently receives millions of dollars through the Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act to fund deputy probation officers (DPOs) on high school campuses who provide services to increase student attendance, decrease student behavioral infractions, and decrease student recidivism. The purpose…

  17. 43 CFR 30.274 - What happens to income from land interests during pendency of the probate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false What happens to income from land interests during pendency of the probate? 30.274 Section 30.274 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of... heirs. For purposes of this section, pendency of the probate ends on the date of transfer of title...

  18. Training Program for Louisiana Correctional, Probation and Parole Personnel; A Study of Present and Future Needs. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge. Div. of Continuing Education.

    Training needs of probation and parole officers and personnel in penal institutions of Louisiana were determined by surveys of personnel background, education, age, experience, and expressed needs, in order to determine subject matter and potential enrollment of inservice classes. Questionnaires collected information from 53 probation and parole…

  19. Mental health specialized probation caseloads: are they effective?

    PubMed

    Wolff, Nancy; Epperson, Matthew; Shi, Jing; Huening, Jessica; Schumann, Brooke E; Sullivan, Irene Rubinson

    2014-01-01

    With the large and growing number of persons with mental illnesses under probation supervision, a form of specialized probation called specialized mental health caseload (SMHC) has been implemented. This study explores the effectiveness of a prototypic SMHC implemented statewide. A quasi-experimental design was used to compare criminal justice, mental health, and community engagement outcomes among three caseloads: a newly established SMHC supervising no more than 30 clients per officer (N=1367); an established SMHC supervising roughly 50 clients per officer (N=495); and a traditional caseload of clients receiving mental health treatment and supervised by officers with average caseloads of over 130 clients (N=5453). Using a mixed methods approach, we found that the SMHC was implemented with high adherence to fidelity, and comparisons based on different caseload samples generally support the effectiveness of the specialized mental health caseload, particularly on criminal justice outcomes. Future studies using random assignment are needed to examine the connection among mental health symptoms, compliance with treatment and probation supervision, and recidivism. PMID:24630740

  20. Probation's role in offender mental health.

    PubMed

    Sirdifield, Coral; Owen, Sara

    2016-09-12

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine how the role in offender mental health for the probation service described in policy translates into practice through exploring staff and offenders' perceptions of this role in one probation trust. In particular, to examine barriers to staff performing their role and ways of overcoming them. Design/methodology/approach Qualitative secondary analysis of data from semi-structured interviews with a purposive sample of 11 probation staff and nine offenders using the constant comparative method. Findings Both staff and offenders defined probation's role as identifying and monitoring mental illness amongst offenders, facilitating access to and monitoring offenders' engagement with health services, and managing risk. Barriers to fulfilling this role included limited training, a lack of formal referral procedures/pathways between probation and health agencies, difficulties in obtaining and administering mental health treatment requirements, problems with inter-agency communication, and gaps in service provision for those with dual diagnosis and personality disorder. Strategies for improvement include improved training, developing a specialist role in probation and formalising partnership arrangements. Research limitations/implications Further research is required to explore the transferability of these findings, particularly in the light of the recent probation reforms. Originality/value This is the first paper to explore how staff and offenders perceive probation's role in offender mental health in comparison with the role set out in policy. PMID:27548020

  1. 25 CFR 15.107 - Who prepares a probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Who prepares a probate file? 15.107 Section 15.107 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Starting the Probate Process § 15.107...

  2. 25 CFR 15.107 - Who prepares a probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Who prepares a probate file? 15.107 Section 15.107 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Starting the Probate Process § 15.107...

  3. 75 FR 13111 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-18

    ... Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Advanced Rehabilitation Research Training (ARRT) Projects...) Number: 84.133P-1. SUMMARY: On December 11, 2009, we published in the Federal Register (74 FR...

  4. 75 FR 39216 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-08

    ... Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers program, published in the Federal Register on February 1, 2008 (73... the notice of final priority for the Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and...

  5. REHABILITATING CRIMINAL SELVES: Gendered Strategies in Community Corrections.

    PubMed

    Wyse, Jessica J B

    2013-04-01

    As the community corrections system has moved away from a focus on rehabilitation, it has been suggested that criminal offenders are no longer understood psychologically, but rather as rational actors for whom criminality is a choice. Rehabilitative efforts thus aim to guide these choices. Utilizing mixed methodology that draws on observational, interview, and case note data collected within the probation/parole system of a western U.S. state, I suggest that both officers' conceptualizations of the criminal self and the rehabilitative strategies they use are gendered. I find that officers view the male criminal self as flawed or underdeveloped and the female as permeable and amorphous, that is, lacking firm boundaries. In response to these constructions, officers aim to rehabilitate men largely by encouraging economic roles and responsibilities, while for women, rehabilitation aims to solidify boundaries: discouraging relationship formation and containing emotions. The differences identified point to ways in which gendered concepts of the criminal self contribute to gender disparities in contemporary supervision. PMID:24385681

  6. Back to the Future: From Klockars' Model of Effective Supervision to Evidence-Based Practice in Probation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skeem, Jennifer L.; Manchak, Sarah

    2008-01-01

    Three contemporary models of probation supervision can be differentiated, based on the extent to which they focus on protecting community safety (surveillance model), promoting offender rehabilitation (treatment model), or both (hybrid model). Hybrid models combine dual roles of controlling and caring for probationers. A quarter century ago,…

  7. 75 FR 77629 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-13

    ... rehabilitation research topics. The Plan, which was published in the Federal Register on February 15, 2006 (71 FR... multidisciplinary, and emphasizes scientific research methodology, and may involve collaboration among institutions... Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and...

  8. 75 FR 33274 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-11

    ... Program--Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers (RERCs)-- Universal Design in the Built Environment... authorized under the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, by conducting advanced engineering research and... is not bound by any estimates in this notice. Project Period: See chart. Rehabilitation...

  9. 75 FR 5299 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-02

    ... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers program, published in the Federal Register on July 21, 2009 (74 FR... Projects and Centers Program, published in the Federal Register on July 21, 2009 (74 FR 35858). None of the... Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and...

  10. Implementation of an enhanced probation program: evaluating process and preliminary outcomes.

    PubMed

    Shannon, Lisa M; Hulbig, Shelia K; Birdwhistell, Shira; Newell, Jennifer; Neal, Connie

    2015-04-01

    Supervision, Monitoring, Accountability, Responsibility, and Treatment (SMART) is Kentucky's enhanced probation pilot program modeled after Hawaii's Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE). SMART is proposed to decrease substance use, new violations, and incarceration-related costs for high-risk probationers by increasing and randomizing drug testing, intensifying supervision, and creating linkages with needed resources (i.e., mental health and substance use). SMART adopts a holistic approach to rehabilitation by addressing mental health and substance abuse needs as well as life skills for fostering deterrence of criminal behavior vs. punitive action only. A mixed methods evaluation was implemented to assess program implementation and effectiveness. Qualitative interviews with key stakeholders (i.e., administration, judges, attorneys, and law enforcement/corrections) suggested successful implementation and collaboration to facilitate the pilot program. Quantitative analyses of secondary Kentucky Offender Management System (KOMS) data (grant Year 1: 07/01/2012-06/30/2013) also suggested program effectiveness. Specifically, SMART probationers showed significantly fewer: violations of probation (1.2 vs. 2.3), positive drug screens (8.6% vs. 29.4%), and days incarcerated (32.5 vs. 118.1) than comparison probationers. Kentucky's SMART enhanced probation shows preliminary success in reducing violations, substance use, and incarceration. Implications for practice and policy will be discussed. PMID:25543538

  11. An Empirical Study of Students on Academic Probation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    James, Cindy L.; Graham, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    A substantial number of university students are placed on academic probation each year, many of whom never succeed in academia. Hence, it is critical to identify who these students are, why they end up on academic probation, and most importantly how best to intervene. To determine this, an empirical study of students on academic probation for the…

  12. 75 FR 39426 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-08

    ..., published in the Federal Register on February 1, 2008 (73 FR 6132). The Employment Policy and Measurement... February 1, 2008 (73 FR 6132). (d) The notice of final priority for the Disability and Rehabilitation... Program--Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers (RRTCs)-- Employment Policy and Measurement...

  13. 75 FR 75666 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-06

    ... Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers... Register on February 15, 2006 (71 FR 8165), can be accessed on the Internet at the following site: http...) 2011 Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance (CFDA) Numbers: 84.133G-1 (Research) and...

  14. 75 FR 39431 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-08

    ... Federal Register on April 28, 2006 (71 FR 25472). The International Exchange of Knowledge and Experts in... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers program, published in the Federal Register on April 28, 2006 (71 FR... Program--Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)-- International Exchange of Knowledge...

  15. 76 FR 780 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-06

    ... Knowledge Translation Center (MSKTC), published in the Federal Register on June 2, 2006 (71 FR 32196... Rehabilitation Research Project and Centers program, published in the Federal Register on April 28, 2006 (71 FR... Rehabilitation Research Project and Centers program, published in the Federal Register on April 28, 2006 (71...

  16. 77 FR 56824 - Notice of Submission for OMB Review; Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-09-14

    ...The Annual Payback Report collects data on the status of ``current'' and ``exited'' RSA scholars who are/were the recipients of scholarships. The information collected will provide performance data relevant to the rehabilitation fields and degrees pursued by RSA scholars, as well as the fund owed and the rehabilitation work completed by...

  17. 24 CFR 200.1510 - Probation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Multifamily Accelerated Processing (MAP): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1510 Probation. (a) In general. Only the MAP Lender Review Board (or Board) may... shall, when possible, go to a MAP Lender Review Board composed of the same members who issued...

  18. 24 CFR 200.1510 - Probation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Multifamily Accelerated Processing (MAP): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1510 Probation. (a) In general. Only the MAP Lender Review Board (or Board) may... shall, when possible, go to a MAP Lender Review Board composed of the same members who issued...

  19. 24 CFR 200.1510 - Probation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Multifamily Accelerated Processing (MAP): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1510 Probation. (a) In general. Only the MAP Lender Review Board (or Board) may... shall, when possible, go to a MAP Lender Review Board composed of the same members who issued...

  20. 24 CFR 200.1510 - Probation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Multifamily Accelerated Processing (MAP): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1510 Probation. (a) In general. Only the MAP Lender Review Board (or Board) may... shall, when possible, go to a MAP Lender Review Board composed of the same members who issued...

  1. 24 CFR 200.1510 - Probation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Multifamily Accelerated Processing (MAP): MAP Lender Quality Assurance Enforcement § 200.1510 Probation. (a) In general. Only the MAP Lender Review Board (or Board) may... shall, when possible, go to a MAP Lender Review Board composed of the same members who issued...

  2. 75 FR 14582 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services-Special Demonstration Programs-Model...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-26

    ... Demonstration Projects To Improve Outcomes for Individuals Receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI... Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) served by State Vocational Rehabilitation (VR) agencies. The... Outcomes for Individuals Receiving Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) Served by State...

  3. 25 CFR 18.111 - What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code? 18.111 Section 18.111 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE TRIBAL PROBATE CODES Approval of Tribal Probate Codes § 18.111 What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code?...

  4. Amenability to counseling of opiate addicts on probation or parole.

    PubMed

    Goodkin, K; Wilson, K E

    1982-08-01

    Fifty-two opiate addicts were classified as abstainers or continued abusers by their probation or parole officer. Eighteen variables--nine demographic and nine psychological--were evaluated for all subjects. Following factor analysis, 13 remaining variables were entered into a stepwise discriminant function analysis which significantly differentiated the abstaining and abusing groups. Abstainers were characterized by less dogmatism, higher education and personality integration, fewer aggressive incidents and previous drug arrests, and older age. The discriminant function classified 78.8% of the observations correctly and accounted for 27% of the variance. Rokeach's Dogmatism Scale, the Personality Integration Subscale of the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale, and the effective demographic discriminators have been included in a screening battery for counseling amenability by which incoming opiate addicts scoring like abstainers are granted priority in treatment assignment. PMID:7141765

  5. 75 FR 33277 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-06-11

    ... and Centers Program, published in the Federal Register on April 28, 2006 (71 FR 25472). The Reducing... Projects and Centers program, published in the Federal Register on April 28, 2006 (71 FR 25472). (d) The... Program; Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP); Reducing Obesity and Obesity-Related...

  6. 75 FR 1757 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS); Overview Information; National...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-13

    ... on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR... sector, strengthen the role of small business in meeting Federal research or research and development (R... (71 FR 8166), can be accessed on the Internet at the following site:...

  7. 75 FR 77624 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-13

    ... Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Small Business Innovation Research Program (SBIR)-- Phase I... sector, strengthen the role of small business in meeting Federal research or research and development (R... 15, 2006 (71 FR 8165), can be accessed on the Internet at the following site:...

  8. 75 FR 81253 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-27

    ... Register on February 15, 2006 (71 FR 8165), can be accessed on the Internet at the following site: http... Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Research Fellowships Program; Notice Inviting Applications... purpose of the Research Fellowships Program is to build research capacity by providing support to...

  9. 75 FR 39782 - Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services; Overview Information; National Institute...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-12

    ... Federal Register on April 28, 2006 (71 FR 25472). The Center on Knowledge Translation (KT) for Employment... Projects and Centers program, published in the Federal Register on April 28, 2006 (71 FR 25472). (d) The... Program--Disability Rehabilitation Research Project (DRRP)-- Center on Knowledge Translation (KT)...

  10. Rapid HIV Testing for Individuals on Probation/Parole: Outcomes of an Intervention Trial

    PubMed Central

    Gordon, Michael S.; Kinlock, Timothy W.; McKenzie, Michelle; Wilson, Monique E.; Rich, Josiah D.

    2013-01-01

    Many probationers and parolees do not receive HIV testing despite being at increased risk for obtaining and transmitting HIV. A two-group randomized controlled trial was conducted between April, 2011 and May, 2012 at probation/parole offices in Baltimore, Maryland and Providence/Pawtucket, Rhode Island. Male and female probationers/parolees were interviewed (N=1263) and then offered HIV testing based on random assignment to one of two conditions: 1) On-site rapid HIV testing conducted at the probation/parole office; or 2) Referral for rapid HIV testing off site at a community HIV testing clinic. Outcomes were: 1) undergoing HIV testing; and 2) receipt of HIV testing results. Participants were significantly more likely to be tested onsite at a probation/parole office versus off-site at a HIV testing clinic (p < .001). There was no difference between the two groups in terms of receiving HIV testing results. Findings indicate that probationers/ parolees are willing to be tested on-site and, independent of testing location, are equally willing to receive their results. Implications for expanding rapid HIV testing to more criminal justice related locations and populations are discussed. PMID:23536140

  11. Rehabilitation of scapular dyskinesis: from the office worker to the elite overhead athlete.

    PubMed

    Cools, Ann M J; Struyf, Filip; De Mey, Kristof; Maenhout, Annelies; Castelein, Birgit; Cagnie, Barbara

    2014-04-01

    The scapula functions as a bridge between the shoulder complex and the cervical spine and plays a very important role in providing both mobility and stability of the neck/shoulder region. The association between abnormal scapular positions and motions and glenohumeral joint pathology has been well established in the literature, whereas studies investigating the relationship between neck pain and scapular dysfunction have only recently begun to emerge. Although several authors have emphasised the relevance of restoring normal scapular kinematics through exercise and manual therapy techniques, overall scapular rehabilitation guidelines decent for both patients with shoulder pain as well as patients with neck problems are lacking. The purpose of this paper is to provide a science-based clinical reasoning algorithm with practical guidelines for the rehabilitation of scapular dyskinesis in patients with chronic complaints in the upper quadrant. PMID:23687006

  12. Exploring the Determinants of Probationers' Perceptions of Their Supervising Officers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Springer, Nicolette Fariello; Applegate, Brandon K.; Smith, Hayden P.; Sitren, Alicia H.

    2009-01-01

    Despite the widespread use of probation in the United States, little is known about how offenders perceive this sentence or the officers who provide their supervision. The present research measures and evaluates perceptions of the probation process, specifically probationers' perception of their probationer officer, and examines characteristics…

  13. Does risk assessment make a difference? Results of implementing the SAVRY in juvenile probation.

    PubMed

    Vincent, Gina M; Guy, Laura S; Gershenson, Bernice G; McCabe, Patrick

    2012-01-01

    An effective approach to reducing recidivism is, first, to identify a youth's risk of reoffending and then to match the intensity of interventions to that risk level. This pre-post quasi-experimental, prospective study compared 247 (pre) with 217 (post) adjudicated youths to examine the implementation of the Structured Assessment of Violence Risk in Youth (SAVRY) and its effects on case management practices in Louisiana's Caddo parish probation office. The results indicated that placement rates dropped by 50%, use of maximum levels of supervision dropped by almost 30%, and use of community services decreased except for high-risk youths, but only after the SAVRY was properly implemented. This shift towards more appropriate allocation of resources that are matched to risk level occurred without a significant increase in reoffending. The implications for implementation and for use of risk/needs assessment in juvenile probation are discussed. PMID:22745028

  14. 9 CFR 439.51 - Probation of accreditation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Probation of accreditation. 439.51 Section 439.51 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... ACCREDITATION OF NON-FEDERAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORIES § 439.51 Probation of accreditation. Upon a determination...

  15. Academic Probation: An Empirical Study of Private University Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmed, Jashim Uddin; Chowdhury, Md. Humayun Kabir; Rahman, Sheehan; Talukder, A. K. M. Mominul Haque

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the factors contributing to academic probation in university settings and highlights the problems that students encounter in higher education institutions in Bangladesh. The study focused on students facing academic probation on two private universities in Bangladesh and analyzed students' response with respect to nine…

  16. 44 CFR 61.16 - Probation additional premium.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Probation additional premium... COVERAGE AND RATES § 61.16 Probation additional premium. The additional premium charged pursuant to § 59.24... premium charge is $50.00.”...

  17. 44 CFR 61.16 - Probation additional premium.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Probation additional premium... COVERAGE AND RATES § 61.16 Probation additional premium. The additional premium charged pursuant to § 59.24... premium charge is $50.00.”...

  18. 44 CFR 61.16 - Probation additional premium.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Probation additional premium... COVERAGE AND RATES § 61.16 Probation additional premium. The additional premium charged pursuant to § 59.24... premium charge is $50.00.”...

  19. 44 CFR 61.16 - Probation additional premium.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Probation additional premium... COVERAGE AND RATES § 61.16 Probation additional premium. The additional premium charged pursuant to § 59.24... premium charge is $50.00.”...

  20. 44 CFR 61.16 - Probation additional premium.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Probation additional premium... COVERAGE AND RATES § 61.16 Probation additional premium. The additional premium charged pursuant to § 59.24... premium charge is $50.00.”...

  1. 25 CFR 15.204 - When is a probate file complete?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false When is a probate file complete? 15.204 Section 15.204 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Preparing the Probate File § 15.204 When is...

  2. 25 CFR 15.103 - How do I begin the probate process?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How do I begin the probate process? 15.103 Section 15.103 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Starting the Probate Process § 15.103 How do...

  3. 25 CFR 15.204 - When is a probate file complete?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When is a probate file complete? 15.204 Section 15.204 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Preparing the Probate File § 15.204 When is...

  4. 25 CFR 15.103 - How do I begin the probate process?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How do I begin the probate process? 15.103 Section 15.103 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Starting the Probate Process § 15.103 How do...

  5. What Is the Purpose of Probation and Why Do We Revoke It?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarke, Stevens H.

    1979-01-01

    Preoccupation with due process has tended to obscure the substantive issues of probation administration. Restraint is an important goal of probation; it can be realized by setting specific, enforceable probation conditions to limit the probationer's opportunity for further crime and revoking probation if the probationer cannot abide by reasonable…

  6. 25 CFR 18.111 - What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code? 18... CODES Approval of Tribal Probate Codes § 18.111 What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code? If a tribe repeals its tribal probate code: (a) The repeal will not become effective sooner than...

  7. 25 CFR 18.111 - What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code? 18... CODES Approval of Tribal Probate Codes § 18.111 What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code? If a tribe repeals its tribal probate code: (a) The repeal will not become effective sooner than...

  8. 25 CFR 18.111 - What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code? 18... CODES Approval of Tribal Probate Codes § 18.111 What will happen if a tribe repeals its probate code? If a tribe repeals its tribal probate code: (a) The repeal will not become effective sooner than...

  9. Issues in International Rehabilitation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nathanson, Jeanne H., Ed.

    1991-01-01

    Eight articles address issues and programs in international rehabilitation. The issue is introduced by a message from the Assistant Secretary of the United States Department of Education for the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services, Robert R. Davila. Next, "A History of International Rehabilitation" (Nora Ellen Groce) reports on…

  10. Development of a Web-Based Officer's Field Guide to Mental Illness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Staley, Georgiana M.

    2012-01-01

    Probation and parole officers supervise a disproportionate amount of offenders with mental illness. Many causes contribute to this over-representation ranging from deinstitutionalization, to co-occurring disorders, to homelessness. It appears there may be a lack of training specifically for probation and parole officers on the topic of mental…

  11. 25 CFR 15.402 - What happens after the probate file is referred to OHA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... the probate proceeding and issue a written decision or order, in accordance with 43 CFR part 30. ... INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Probate...

  12. 25 CFR 15.402 - What happens after the probate file is referred to OHA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... the probate proceeding and issue a written decision or order, in accordance with 43 CFR part 30. ... INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Probate...

  13. The relationship between officer orientation and supervision strategies in community corrections.

    PubMed

    Ricks, Elijah P; Eno Louden, Jennifer

    2015-04-01

    Community corrections (i.e., probation and parole) officers play a crucial role within criminal justice agencies: They have the onerous task to balance the competing demands of rehabilitating offenders while protecting the community. Field studies have suggested that officers' effectiveness depends, in part, on the relative emphasis they place on these demands (i.e., their orientation toward their roles). However, the extent to which officers' orientations toward rehabilitation versus community safety affect their decisions for individual offenders is not clear. We examined the relationship between officer attitudes and supervisory decisions using a quasi-experimental design. In the first stage of the study, we revised a promising measure of officers' role orientation. In the second stage, we examined the revised scale's psychometric properties, and tested how officers' self-reported orientations related to the strategies they used in hypothetical supervision scenarios. The majority of officers reported a balanced approach of control and support, whereas 29.7% reported a preference for one over the other. Regardless of self-reported orientation, officers approached supervision with similar strategies for an offender's first incident of noncompliance, but when an offender showed continued noncompliance, both officers who emphasized control and those who emphasized a balanced approach toward supervision were more likely to use punitive methods to gain compliance than officers who reported emphasizing rehabilitation. This research furthers our understanding of the relationship between self-reported orientation and supervision strategy. Findings will inform agencies' selection and training of community corrections officers. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:24955852

  14. Eyewitness Evidence: Improving Its Probative Value.

    PubMed

    Wells, Gary L; Memon, Amina; Penrod, Steven D

    2006-11-01

    impact on triers of fact (e.g., juries) exceeded its probative (legal-proof) value. Another message of the research was that the validity of eyewitness reports depends a great deal on the procedures that are used to obtain those reports and that the legal system was not using the best procedures. Although defense attorneys seized on this nascent research as a tool for the defense, it was largely ignored or ridiculed by prosecutors, judges, and police until the mid 1990s, when forensic DNA testing began to uncover cases of convictions of innocent persons on the basis of mistaken eyewitness accounts. Recently, a number of jurisdictions in the United States have implemented procedural reforms based on psychological research, but psychological science has yet to have its fullest possible influence on how the justice system collects and interprets eyewitness evidence. The psychological processes leading to eyewitness error represent a confluence of memory and social-influence variables that interact in complex ways. These processes lend themselves to study using experimental methods. Psychological science is in a strong position to help the criminal justice system understand eyewitness accounts of criminal events and improve their accuracy. A subset of the variables that affect eyewitness accuracy fall into what researchers call system variables, which are variables that the criminal justice system has control over, such as how eyewitnesses are instructed before they view a lineup and methods of interviewing eyewitnesses. We review a number of system variables and describe how psychological scientists have translated them into procedures that can improve the probative value of eyewitness accounts. We also review estimator variables, variables that affect eyewitness accuracy but over which the system has no control, such as cross-race versus within-race identifications. We describe some concerns regarding external validity and generalization that naturally arise when moving

  15. Juvenile Delinquency Probation Caseload, 1985-2002. OJJDP Fact Sheet #04

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Livsey, Sarah

    2006-01-01

    This fact sheet presents statistics on delinquency cases resulting in probation, 2002. Probation was the disposition in 38 percent of all delinquency cases processed by the juvenile courts in 2002. The number of cases placed on probation increased 44 percent between 1985 and 2002. Property offense cases made up the greatest proportion of the…

  16. 25 CFR 15.202 - What items must the agency include in the probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What items must the agency include in the probate file? 15.202 Section 15.202 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Preparing...

  17. 25 CFR 15.202 - What items must the agency include in the probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What items must the agency include in the probate file? 15.202 Section 15.202 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Preparing...

  18. 25 CFR 15.501 - How may I find out the status of a probate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false How may I find out the status of a probate? 15.501 Section 15.501 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Information and Records §...

  19. 25 CFR 15.203 - What information must tribes provide BIA to complete the probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What information must tribes provide BIA to complete the probate file? 15.203 Section 15.203 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES...

  20. 25 CFR 15.11 - What are the basic steps of the probate process?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What are the basic steps of the probate process? 15.11 Section 15.11 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Introduction § 15.11...

  1. 25 CFR 15.11 - What are the basic steps of the probate process?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What are the basic steps of the probate process? 15.11 Section 15.11 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Introduction § 15.11...

  2. 25 CFR 15.203 - What information must Tribes provide BIA to complete the probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What information must Tribes provide BIA to complete the probate file? 15.203 Section 15.203 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES...

  3. 25 CFR 15.501 - How may I find out the status of a probate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false How may I find out the status of a probate? 15.501 Section 15.501 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Information and Records §...

  4. Administrative and Caseload Management Information Systems: The Case of Probation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eskridge, Chris W.

    1984-01-01

    Reviews the concept, present operations, and problems of information systems in general, and in probation administration specifically. Describes two different models of information systems-administrative management information systems and caseload management information systems. Explores the feasibility of statewide, multi-state, and nationwide…

  5. Juvenile Probation Initiatives in California and Their Effects. Research Brief

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Susan; Fain, Terry

    2005-01-01

    Over the past ten years, probation departments across the state of California have undertaken five major initiatives aimed at juvenile offenders and at-risk youths. Although these initiatives were concomitant with reductions in juvenile arrests and other positive outcomes, we cannot definitively attribute such observed statewide trends to these…

  6. Self-Directed Study Skill Programs for Students on Probation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sappington, Andrew A.; And Others

    1980-01-01

    College students on probation were paid to participate in a project designed to improve grades. Some were given instruction in self-control and self-administered behavior modification programs. Total study time, estimated effective study time, and grade point averages increased for self-control subjects but not for others. (Author)

  7. 32 CFR 634.15 - Restricted driving privileges or probation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... state, Federal, or host nation licensing authority. Prior to application for probation or restricted driving privileges, a state, Federal, or host nation driver's license or right to operate motor vehicles...-by-case basis provided the person's state or host nation driver's license or right to operate...

  8. Social Work and Juvenile Probation: Historical Tensions and Contemporary Convergences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peters, Clark M.

    2011-01-01

    Social work's weak presence in the field of corrections is peculiar, given that those involved in the criminal and juvenile justice systems are undeniably among the vulnerable and oppressed populations that the profession has traditionally served. The field of juvenile probation shares roots with the profession of social work but lacks a strong…

  9. Supportive and Rehabilitative Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Annals of the Deaf, 1999

    1999-01-01

    This directory lists supportive and rehabilitative programs for the deaf. Listed separately are federal programs, state vocational rehabilitation offices, regional and local programs, national professional organizations and centers, state chapters of the National Association of the Deaf, and committee members (Conference of Educational…

  10. Supportive and Rehabilitative Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Annals of the Deaf, 2001

    2001-01-01

    This directory provides information on a variety of supportive and rehabilitative programs for people with deafness and hearing impairment. Listed are federal programs, state vocational rehabilitation offices, and regional and local programs. Also provided is a list of national professional organizations and centers, contacts for the National…

  11. The Paradox of Probation: Community Supervision in the Age of Mass Incarceration

    PubMed Central

    PHELPS, MICHELLE S.

    2013-01-01

    After four decades of steady growth, U.S. states’ prison populations finally appear to be declining, driven by a range of sentencing and policy reforms. One of the most popular reform suggestions is to expand probation supervision in lieu of incarceration. However, the classic socio-legal literature suggests that expansions of probation instead widen the net of penal control and lead to higher incarceration rates. This article reconsiders probation in the era of mass incarceration, providing the first comprehensive evaluation of the role of probation in the build-up of the criminal justice system. The results suggest that probation was not the primary driver of mass incarceration in most states, nor is it likely to be a simple panacea to mass incarceration. Rather, probation serves both capacities, acting as an alternative and as a net-widener, to varying degrees across time and place. Moving beyond the question of diversion versus net widening, this article presents a new theoretical model of the probation-prison link that examines the mechanisms underlying this dynamic. Using regression models and case studies, I analyze how states can modify the relationship between probation and imprisonment by changing sentencing outcomes and the practices of probation supervision. When combined with other key efforts, reforms to probation can be part of the movement to reverse mass incarceration. PMID:24072951

  12. The Paradox of Probation: Community Supervision in the Age of Mass Incarceration.

    PubMed

    Phelps, Michelle S

    2013-01-01

    After four decades of steady growth, U.S. states' prison populations finally appear to be declining, driven by a range of sentencing and policy reforms. One of the most popular reform suggestions is to expand probation supervision in lieu of incarceration. However, the classic socio-legal literature suggests that expansions of probation instead widen the net of penal control and lead to higher incarceration rates. This article reconsiders probation in the era of mass incarceration, providing the first comprehensive evaluation of the role of probation in the build-up of the criminal justice system. The results suggest that probation was not the primary driver of mass incarceration in most states, nor is it likely to be a simple panacea to mass incarceration. Rather, probation serves both capacities, acting as an alternative and as a net-widener, to varying degrees across time and place. Moving beyond the question of diversion versus net widening, this article presents a new theoretical model of the probation-prison link that examines the mechanisms underlying this dynamic. Using regression models and case studies, I analyze how states can modify the relationship between probation and imprisonment by changing sentencing outcomes and the practices of probation supervision. When combined with other key efforts, reforms to probation can be part of the movement to reverse mass incarceration. PMID:24072951

  13. 37 CFR 11.54 - Initial decision of hearing officer.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... officer. 11.54 Section 11.54 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights UNITED STATES PATENT AND TRADEMARK OFFICE... Initial decision of hearing officer. (a) The hearing officer shall make an initial decision in the case... judgment, of suspension or exclusion from practice, of reprimand, of probation or an order dismissing...

  14. Gender Differences in Psychiatric Disorders at Juvenile Probation Intake

    PubMed Central

    Wasserman, Gail A.; McReynolds, Larkin S.; Ko, Susan J.; Katz, Laura M.; Carpenter, Jennifer R.

    2005-01-01

    Objective. We identified gender differences in psychiatric disorders among youths at probation intake. Methods. We measured disorders with the Voice Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children among 991 randomly selected youths (200 girls) at probation intake in 8 Texas counties. Logistic regression analyses predicted diagnostic clusters by gender, adjusting for demographics and offense characteristics. Results. Demographic and offense characteristics explained small but interpretable and specific variance in diagnostic profile. Girls’ rates of anxiety and affective disorders were higher than boys’ (odds ratios = 0.59 and 0.32, respectively). Girls with violent offenses, compared with other groups, were 3 to 5 times as likely to report anxiety disorders. Conclusions. Among youths with conduct problems, girls demonstrated an elevated risk for co-occurring anxiety or affective disorder. PMID:15623873

  15. 77 FR 40590 - Applications for New Awards: Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-07-10

    ... Applications for New Awards: Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program; Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects; Burn Model Systems Centers; Correction AGENCY: Office of Special... Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects--Burn...

  16. 78 FR 35009 - Applications for New Awards; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-11

    ... Applications for New Awards; National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Disability and Rehabilitation Research Projects and Centers Program--Rehabilitation Engineering Research Centers AGENCY: Office... Information National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)--Disability...

  17. Cardiac Rehabilitation

    MedlinePlus

    ... from the NHLBI on Twitter. What Is Cardiac Rehabilitation? Cardiac rehabilitation (rehab) is a medically supervised program ... be designed to meet your needs. The Cardiac Rehabilitation Team Cardiac rehab involves a long-term commitment ...

  18. 25 CFR 15.105 - What other documents does the agency need to prepare a probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false What other documents does the agency need to prepare a probate file? 15.105 Section 15.105 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Starting the Probate Process § 15.105 What...

  19. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime International Network of Drug Dependence Treatment and Rehabilitation Resource Centres: Treatnet

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomas-Rossello, Juana; Rawson, Richard A.; Zarza, Maria J.; Bellows, Anne; Busse, Anja; Saenz, Elizabeth; Freese, Thomas; Shawkey, Mansour; Carise, Deni; Ali, Robert; Ling, Walter

    2010-01-01

    Key to the dissemination of evidence-based addiction treatments is the exchange of experiences and mutual support among treatment practitioners, as well as the availability of accurate addiction training materials and effective trainers. To address the shortage of such resources, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) created…

  20. 43 CFR 30.160 - What may be purchased at probate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... PROCEDURES Purchase at Probate § 30.160 What may be purchased at probate? An eligible purchaser may purchase... interest in trust or restricted property, including a life estate that is part of the estate (i.e., a life... without the consent of the devisee. (b) A purchase option must be exercised before a decision or order...

  1. 43 CFR 30.160 - What may be purchased at probate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... PROCEDURES Purchase at Probate § 30.160 What may be purchased at probate? An eligible purchaser may purchase... interest in trust or restricted property, including a life estate that is part of the estate (i.e., a life... without the consent of the devisee. (b) A purchase option must be exercised before a decision or order...

  2. 43 CFR 30.160 - What may be purchased at probate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... PROCEDURES Purchase at Probate § 30.160 What may be purchased at probate? An eligible purchaser may purchase... part of the estate (i.e., a life estate owned by the decedent but measured by the life of someone who... valid will cannot be purchased without the consent of the devisee. (b) A purchase option must...

  3. 43 CFR 30.160 - What may be purchased at probate?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... PROCEDURES Purchase at Probate § 30.160 What may be purchased at probate? An eligible purchaser may purchase... interest in trust or restricted property, including a life estate that is part of the estate (i.e., a life... without the consent of the devisee. (b) A purchase option must be exercised before a decision or order...

  4. A Randomized Trial of Probation Case Management for Drug-Involved Women Offenders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guydish, Joseph; Chan, Monica; Bostrom, Alan; Jessup, Martha A.; Davis, Thomas B.; Marsh, Cheryl

    2011-01-01

    This article reports findings from a clinical trial of a probation case management (PCM) intervention for drug-involved women offenders. Participants were randomly assigned to PCM (n = 92) or standard probation (n = 91) and followed for 12 months using measures of substance abuse, psychiatric symptoms, social support, and service utilization.…

  5. An Experimental Juvenile Probation Program: Effects on Parent and Peer Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brank, Eve; Lane, Jodi; Turner, Susan; Fain, Terry; Sehgal, Amber

    2008-01-01

    In an effort to provide a wider range of services to youth and their families than is traditionally available in routine probation, the South Oxnard Challenge Project (SOCP) employed a team approach to service delivery of an intensive probation program. The researchers interviewed juveniles who were randomly assigned to either the SOCP…

  6. Validity of Self-Reports of Delinquency and Socio-Emotional Functioning among Youth on Probation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cashel, Mary Louise

    Study examined the validity of self-reported delinquency and socio-emotional functioning of 48 court-probated juveniles. In summary, the youth acknowledged involvement in more delinquent activities than were reported by their parents or noted in probation records. Adolescent self-report may play a critical role in the identification of effective…

  7. An Effect of a Mandatory Counseling Program for College Students on Academic Probation: A Preliminary Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yang, Ji Woong; Yon, Kyu Jin; Kim, Jung K.

    2013-01-01

    This longitudinal study examined the effects of a mandatory counseling program for students placed on academic probation at a university in South Korea. The study compared longitudinal changes over three semesters in the grade point average (GPA) of students who were on academic probation. Two groups, 46 students with mandatory counseling and 49…

  8. 43 CFR 30.243 - May a closed probate case be reopened?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ... probate case be reopened? (a) The judge may reopen a closed probate case as shown in the following table... own motion (i) Initiated within 3 years after the date of the original decision To correct an error of fact or law in the original decision. (ii) Initiated more than 3 years after the date of the...

  9. 43 CFR 30.243 - May a closed probate case be reopened?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ... probate case be reopened? (a) The judge may reopen a closed probate case as shown in the following table... own motion (i) Initiated within 3 years after the date of the original decision To correct an error of fact or law in the original decision. (ii) Initiated more than 3 years after the date of the...

  10. 43 CFR 30.243 - May a closed probate case be reopened?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ... probate case be reopened? (a) The judge may reopen a closed probate case as shown in the following table... own motion (i) Initiated within 3 years after the date of the original decision To correct an error of fact or law in the original decision. (ii) Initiated more than 3 years after the date of the...

  11. 43 CFR 30.242 - May a closed probate case be reopened?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... probate case be reopened? (a) The judge may reopen a closed probate case as shown in the following table... own motion (i) Initiated within 3 years after the date of the original decision To correct an error of fact or law in the original decision. (ii) Initiated more than 3 years after the date of the...

  12. 43 CFR 30.243 - May a closed probate case be reopened?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ... probate case be reopened? (a) The judge may reopen a closed probate case as shown in the following table... own motion (i) Initiated within 3 years after the date of the original decision To correct an error of fact or law in the original decision. (ii) Initiated more than 3 years after the date of the...

  13. The Concurrent Validity of the Correctional Officers' Interest Blank.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sevy, Bruce A.

    1988-01-01

    Available data yields an estimated validity of .27 for the Corrections Officer Interest Blank (COIB) as a predictor of job performance of corrections officers. The COIB is only weakly related to the job performance of juvenile counselors and has no relationship to the performance of probation officers. (JOW)

  14. 25 CFR 15.104 - Does the agency need a death certificate to prepare a probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Does the agency need a death certificate to prepare a probate file? 15.104 Section 15.104 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES...

  15. 25 CFR 15.105 - What other documents does the agency need to prepare a probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What other documents does the agency need to prepare a probate file? 15.105 Section 15.105 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES...

  16. 25 CFR 15.104 - Does the agency need a death certificate to prepare a probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Does the agency need a death certificate to prepare a probate file? 15.104 Section 15.104 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES...

  17. 25 CFR 15.106 - May a probate case be initiated when an owner of an interest has been absent?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false May a probate case be initiated when an owner of an interest has been absent? 15.106 Section 15.106 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE...

  18. 25 CFR 15.106 - May a probate case be initiated when an owner of an interest has been absent?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false May a probate case be initiated when an owner of an interest has been absent? 15.106 Section 15.106 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE...

  19. "When You Fail, You Feel Like a Failure": One Student's Experience of Academic Probation and an Academic Support Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arcand, Isabelle; LeBlanc, Raymond N.

    2012-01-01

    This in-depth, qualitative study explored the experience of academic probation. It recounts the story of Mark, an undergraduate student on academic probation who participated in an academic support program to attain good academic standing. His story is contrasted to the current literature on academic probation and is considered in light of Dewey's…

  20. Substance Use Among Victimized Women on Probation and Parole

    PubMed Central

    Golder, Seana; Hall, Martin T.; Logan, TK; Higgins, George; Dishon, Amanda; Renn, Tanya; Winham, Katherine

    2014-01-01

    Victimized women within the criminal justice system are an important group and understanding their substance use is critical. Substance use was examined among 406 victimized women on probation and parole in an urban community from 2010 to 2013. Ninety-three percent reported lifetime use of an illicit substance, while 58% and 45% reported use of at least one illicit substance in the past two years and 12 months, respectively. Among probationers, having been in a controlled environment was associated with a higher prevalence of illicit substance use as compared to parolees. Implications for practice, policy and future research are discussed. PMID:24138096

  1. [Developmental consultation conducted by Yokohama Rehabilitation Center at health welfare offices--combination of early impairment detection and support nursing].

    PubMed

    Hayashi, M; Uehara, S; Saito, K

    2001-11-01

    We report here the results of developmental consultation carried out at Yokohama City health welfare offices. From October 1992 to March 1998, we consulted 666 cases aged 1 to 56 months old. We made full use of the reflex rolling I of Vojta for therapeutic diagnosis, and conducted physical training for babies. The reflex rolling I was very useful in diminishing the mother's anxiety about nursing problems such as weak suckling, sleep disturbance and constipation. Since it is important to combine the early detection of impairments with the support for nursing, advices to achieve better development were given to the parents and children. In our developmental consultation we could select babies at risk early and thereby start therapy for them smoothly. PMID:11725518

  2. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime International Network of Drug Dependence Treatment and Rehabilitation Resource Centres: Treatnet.

    PubMed

    Tomás-Rosselló, Juana; Rawson, Richard A; Zarza, Maria J; Bellows, Anne; Busse, Anja; Saenz, Elizabeth; Freese, Thomas; Shawkey, Mansour; Carise, Deni; Ali, Robert; Ling, Walter

    2010-10-01

    Key to the dissemination of evidence-based addiction treatments is the exchange of experiences and mutual support among treatment practitioners, as well as the availability of accurate addiction training materials and effective trainers. To address the shortage of such resources, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) created Treatnet, a network of 20 drug dependence treatment resource centers around the world. Treatnet's primary goal is to promote the use of effective addiction treatment practices. Phase I of this project included (1) selecting and establishing a network of geographically distributed centers; (2) conducting a capacity-building program consisting of a training needs assessment, development of training packages, and the training of 2 trainers per center in 1 content area each; and (3) creating good-practice documents. Data on the training activities conducted by the trainers during their first 6 months in the field are presented. Plans for Phase II of the Treatnet project are also discussed. PMID:21038179

  3. Communication Style as an Antecedent to Reactance, Self-Efficacy, and Restoration of Freedom for Drug- and Alcohol-Involved Women on Probation and Parole.

    PubMed

    Smith, Sandi W; Cornacchione, Jennifer J; Morash, Merry; Kashy, Deborah; Cobbina, Jennifer

    2016-05-01

    This study extends research on psychological reactance theory by examining probation and parole officer (PO) communication style as an antecedent to female offenders' reactance and 2 indicators of subsequent drug and alcohol abuse while serving probation or parole sentences. Structural equation modeling was conducted to test a mediational path model, the results of which demonstrated that perceptions of PO conversational communication style were negatively associated with reactance but positively associated with self-efficacy to avoid drugs and alcohol. Conversely, women who perceived their POs as having a conformity communication style were more likely to report higher levels of reactance and lower self-efficacy to avoid drugs and alcohol. Psychological reactance led to desire to restore freedom, whereas self-efficacy to avoid drugs and alcohol did not. Desire to restore freedom was linked with reports of using drugs and alcohol and violations of parole or probation for using drugs and alcohol. These findings highlight the importance of communication style as an antecedent to reactance and in the relationship between POs and offenders. PMID:27070189

  4. Vocational Rehabilitation Counselor Resource Book.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.

    The mission of the Office of Workers' Compensation Programs (OWCP) rehabilitation program is to assist injured workers, covered by Federal Employees' Compensation Act and the Longshore and Harbor Workers' Compensation Act, to return to gainful employment through vocational rehabilitation services. Information that certified counselors who work…

  5. Stroke Rehabilitation

    MedlinePlus

    ... relearn skills they lose because of the damage. Rehabilitation can help them relearn those skills. Stroke can ... Problems with thinking and memory Emotional disturbances Stroke rehabilitation involves many kinds of health professionals. The goal ...

  6. Pulmonary Rehabilitation

    MedlinePlus

    Pulmonary Rehabilitation If you have shortness of breath because of lung problems, you may have asked yourself: • Can I ... medications do I really need to take? Pulmonary rehabilitation can help answer these and other questions. Enrolling ...

  7. Building bridges between the parole officer and the families of serious juvenile offenders: a preliminary report on a family-based parole program.

    PubMed

    Gavazzi, Stephen M; Yarcheck, Courtney M; Rhine, Edward E; Partridge, Charles R

    2003-06-01

    Responding to a model of juvenile offender case supervision that called for a new intervention paradigm to guide the work of probation and parole officers, the present article reports on the use of a family-based parole initiative known as the Growing Up FAST program. Developed in part as a tool for use within this new intervention paradigm, the Growing Up FAST parole program targets serious youthful offenders who have been released from juvenile correctional facilities and their families. Based on elements contained within the "what works" literature and the Balanced and Restorative Justice model, this program recognizes the central role that field staff can play in rehabilitation efforts. Demographic information and formative data regarding the first set of families to participate in this program are presented, then program limitations and lessons learned as part of the initial offering of this parole initiative are discussed. PMID:12808739

  8. Supportive and Rehabilitative Programs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Annals of the Deaf, 1998

    1998-01-01

    This directory of supportive and rehabilitative programs for the deaf lists federal programs, state vocational-rehabiltation offices, regional and local programs, national professional organizations and centers, state contacts for the National Association of the Deaf, and professional committee members of the Conference of Educational…

  9. 25 CFR 15.401 - What happens after BIA prepares the probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... to OHA for adjudication in accordance with 43 CFR part 30; and (b) Forward a list of fractional... ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Probate Processing...

  10. 25 CFR 15.403 - What happens after the probate order is issued?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... days from the mailing date of the decision to file an appeal, in accordance with 43 CFR parts 4 and 30... ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Probate Processing...

  11. 25 CFR 15.403 - What happens after the probate order is issued?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... days from the mailing date of the decision to file an appeal, in accordance with 43 CFR parts 4 and 30... ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Probate Processing...

  12. 25 CFR 15.401 - What happens after BIA prepares the probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... to OHA for adjudication in accordance with 43 CFR part 30; and (b) Forward a list of fractional... ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND THE FIVE CIVILIZED TRIBES Probate Processing...

  13. 76 FR 43702 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Probate of Indian Estates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-21

    ... currently authorized by OMB Control Number 1076-0169, which expires November 30, 2011. The information... OMB Control Number: 1076-0169. Title: Probate of Indian Estates, Except for Members of the...

  14. 76 FR 73656 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Probate of Indian Estates

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    ... currently authorized by OMB Control Number 1076-0169, which expires November 30, 2011. DATES: Interested...: 1076-0169. Title: Probate of Indian Estates, Except for Members of the Osage Nation and the...

  15. 76 FR 73655 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Tribal Probate Codes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    ... information collection is currently authorized by OMB Control Number 1076-0168, which expires November 30... that we will be able to do so. III. Data OMB Control Number: 1076-0168. Title: Tribal Probate Codes,...

  16. Brief Report: Parents Matter in HIV-Risk Among Probation Youth

    PubMed Central

    Udell, Wadiya; Donenberg, Geri; Emerson, Erin

    2013-01-01

    We investigated the relationship between parenting practices (i.e., parental monitoring, parent permissiveness, and parent-teen communication), and probation youth’s HIV-related sexual risk behavior (i.e., ever having sex, condom use, alcohol and marijuana use before sex). Participants were 61 male and female juvenile offenders, ages 13–17, on probation and awaiting sentencing. Results indicated different relationships between parenting and HIV-related sexual risk behavior for probation boys and girls. Parental monitoring, parenting permissiveness, and parent-teen communication were collectively related to whether girls’ ever had sex and with boys’ use of alcohol and marijuana use before last sex. Findings underscore the important role of parenting on probation teens’ HIV risk behaviors. PMID:21875199

  17. 78 FR 76599 - Rehabilitation Research Advisory Council; Request for Nominations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-18

    ... Rehabilitation Research Advisory Council; Request for Nominations AGENCY: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services. ACTION: Request for nominations--Rehabilitation Research... intention to establish a Rehabilitation Research Advisory Council (RRAC). Section 205(a) of...

  18. Moving Away from Social Work and Half Way Back Again: New Research on Skills in Probation

    PubMed Central

    Raynor, Peter; Vanstone, Maurice

    2016-01-01

    Research on social work in the criminal justice system was well represented in the social work literature until the 1990s. Since then, changes in the organisation, training and research base of probation practice, particularly in England and Wales, have all contributed to a separation between probation research and the mainstream social work research literature. However, recent probation research, by focusing on individual practice skills and on the quality of relationships, is producing findings which resonate with traditional social work concerns. The study presented here, based on analysis of videotaped interviews between probation staff and the people they are supervising, shows what skills are used and the effects of skilled supervision. People supervised by more skilled staff were significantly less likely to be reconvicted over a two-year follow-up, and the most effective supervisors combined good relationship skills with a range of ‘structuring’ or change-promoting skills. In effect, this can be regarded as a test of the impact of social work skills used by probation staff and suggests that a closer relationship between mainstream social work research and probation research could be productive for both. PMID:27559218

  19. 78 FR 12002 - Proposed Priority-National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research-Rehabilitation...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-02-21

    ... 15, 2006 (71 FR 8165), can be accessed on the Internet at the following site: www.ed.gov/about... CFR Chapter III Proposed Priority--National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research--Rehabilitation Research and Training Centers AGENCY: Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative...

  20. HIV-Risk Reduction with Juvenile Offenders on Probation

    PubMed Central

    Donenberg, Geri R.; Emerson, Erin; Mackesy-Amiti, Mary Ellen; Udell, Wadiya

    2014-01-01

    Youth involved in the juvenile justice system are at elevated risk for HIV as a result of high rates of sexual risk taking, substance use, mental health problems and sexually transmitted infections. Yet few HIV prevention programs exist for young offenders. This pilot study examined change in juvenile offenders’ sexual activity, drug/alcohol use, HIV testing and counseling, and theoretical mediators of risk taking following participation in PHAT Life, an HIV-prevention program for teens on probation. Participants (N=54) were 13–17 year-old arrested males and females remanded to a detention alternative setting. Youth participated in a uniquely tailored HIV prevention intervention and completed a baseline and 3-month follow up assessment of their HIV and substance use knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors. At 3-month follow up, teens reported less alcohol use, more positive attitudes toward peers with HIV, greater ability to resist temptation to use substances, and for males, improved HIV prevention self-efficacy and peer norms supporting prevention. Teens were also more likely to seek HIV counseling and males were more likely to get tested for HIV. Effect sizes revealed moderate change in sexual behavior. Findings support PHAT Life as a promising intervention to reduce HIV-risk among youth in juvenile justice. PMID:26097376

  1. 34 CFR 386.1 - What is the Rehabilitation Long-Term Training program?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What is the Rehabilitation Long-Term Training program? 386.1 Section 386.1 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION REHABILITATION TRAINING: REHABILITATION LONG-TERM TRAINING General...

  2. 75 FR 21610 - Overview Information: State Vocational Rehabilitation Unit In-Service Training; Notice Inviting...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-26

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services Overview Information: State Vocational... 21, 2010. Alexa Posny, Assistant Secretary for Special Education and Rehabilitative Services....

  3. 78 FR 40458 - American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Notice of Tribal Consultation and...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION American Indian Vocational Rehabilitation Services Program; Notice of Tribal Consultation and Request for Comments AGENCY: Rehabilitation Services Administration, Office of Special Education and...

  4. Launching College Students on Academic Probation into the First Phase of Self-Efficacy: A Descriptive Case Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holland, Rochelle

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this case survey was to examine the reasons that students provide regarding why they are on academic probation and the efficacy of discussing the family life cycle among this group. Initially, a pilot population of 93 students on academic probation, who are a part of a multi-cultural community college in New York City, were surveyed…

  5. 25 CFR 15.105 - What other documents does the agency need to prepare a probate file?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What other documents does the agency need to prepare a... the Probate Process § 15.105 What other documents does the agency need to prepare a probate file? In....104, we need the following information and documents: (a) Originals or copies of all wills,...

  6. Schools on Probation in the States of Maryland and Kentucky. Technical Report. Volumes I-IV [and] Appendix.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mintrop, Heinrich; Cibulka, James; Lindle, Jane Clark

    This study on accountability designs for underperforming schools focuses on probation as a tool for policy. Findings are based on the analysis of state performance data, the reading of approximately 100 school improvement plans, and the study of 11 focal schools in Maryland and Kentucky. Test-score data from Maryland show that probation is…

  7. 25 CFR 15.12 - What happens if assets in a trust estate may be diminished or destroyed while the probate is...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What happens if assets in a trust estate may be diminished or destroyed while the probate is pending? 15.12 Section 15.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND...

  8. 25 CFR 15.12 - What happens if assets in a trust estate may be diminished or destroyed while the probate is...

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false What happens if assets in a trust estate may be diminished or destroyed while the probate is pending? 15.12 Section 15.12 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR PROBATE PROBATE OF INDIAN ESTATES, EXCEPT FOR MEMBERS OF THE OSAGE NATION AND...

  9. [Vocational rehabilitation.

    PubMed

    Labriola, Merete; Thielen, Karsten; Eplov, Lene Falgaard; Nielsen, Claus Vinther

    2014-05-12

    Work is known to be one of the main sources of human identity. It might be threatened when ill-health impairs individual labour market participation. Vocational rehabilitation, which is based on the bio-psycho-social model of health and function, is the systematic approach to improve employability for those who suffer from health-related disabilities. This article gives a short historical overview about vocational rehabilitation in Denmark, describes the current structural and political framework and gives practice examples of local multidisciplinary and intersectoral rehabilitation efforts. PMID:25096745

  10. Cardiac rehabilitation

    MedlinePlus

    ... 123-210. Thomas PD. Exercise-Based, Comprehensive Cardiac Rehabilitation. In: Bonow RO, Mann DL, Zipes DP, Libby P, eds. Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine . 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011: ...