Sample records for process block diagram

  1. A Smart Thermal Block Diagram Tool

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Tsuyuki, Glenn; Miyake, Robert; Dodge, Kyle

    2008-01-01

    The presentation describes a Smart Thermal Block Diagram Tool. It is used by JPL's Team X in studying missions during the Pre-Phase A. It helps generate cost and mass estimates using proprietary data bases.

  2. Reliability computation from reliability block diagrams

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chelson, P. O.; Eckstein, R. E.

    1971-01-01

    A method and a computer program are presented to calculate probability of system success from an arbitrary reliability block diagram. The class of reliability block diagrams that can be handled include any active/standby combination of redundancy, and the computations include the effects of dormancy and switching in any standby redundancy. The mechanics of the program are based on an extension of the probability tree method of computing system probabilities.

  3. ECE 423: DSP for Communication Block Diagrams

    E-print Network

    Schumacher, Russ

    ECE 423: DSP for Communication Block Diagrams Discrete-time System Analysis/Design Sampling and Quantization DSP System Design/Characterization Real-time DSP Hardware and Software - Understands basic signal Deviations from ideal: quantization noise, numerical precision. DSP building blocks: FIR/IIR, differentiator

  4. Dynamic Reliability Block Diagrams VS Dynamic Fault Trees

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Salvatore Distefano; Antonio Puliafito

    2007-01-01

    Reliability block diagrams (RBD), and fault trees (FT) are the most widely used formalisms in system reliability modeling. They implement two different approaches: in a reliability block diagram, the system is represented by components connected according to their function or reliability relationships, while fault trees show which combinations of the components failures will result in a system failure. Although RBD

  5. Dependability Evaluation with Dynamic Reliability Block Diagrams and Dynamic Fault Trees

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Salvatore Distefano; Antonio Puliafito

    2009-01-01

    Dependability evaluation is an important often-mandatory step in designing and analyzing (critical) systems. Introducing control and\\/or computing devices to automate processes increases the system complexity, with an impact on the overall dependability. This occurs as a consequence of interferences, dependencies, and other similar effects that cannot be adequately managed through formalisms such as reliability block diagrams (RBDs), fault trees (FTs),

  6. Automated Verification of Dynamic Reliability Block Diagrams Using Colored Petri Nets1

    E-print Network

    Xu, Haiping

    Backus-Naur form. CPN Colored Petri nets. DRBD Dynamic reliability block diagram. DFTA Dynamic fault tree techniques such as fault tree analysis (FTA) and reliability block diagrams (RBD), which provide static analysis. FTA Fault tree analysis. RBD Reliability block diagram. RML Reliability markup language. SDEP

  7. Automated Modeling of Dynamic Reliability Block Diagrams Using Colored Petri Nets

    E-print Network

    Xu, Haiping

    . BNF Backus-Naur form. CPN Colored Petri net. DFTA Dynamic fault tree analysis. DOM Document object model. DRBD Dynamic reliability block diagram. FTA Fault tree analysis. PDP Piecewise deterministic on statistical methods. Their typical examples are reliability block diagram (RBD), fault tree analysis (FTA

  8. Block Diagrams and Torque-Angle Loop Analysis of Synchronous Machines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Nagy

    1971-01-01

    Block diagrams of synchronous machines supplying an infinite bus or lumped parameter load are develQped for large and small-signals. This representation includes the effects of saliency, the amortisseurs, variable speed operation, positive and negative sequence components of the infinite bus voltage and an approximate treatment of the saturation. The paper illustrates the application of the block diagram technique. First, the

  9. Direct synthesis of optimized DSP assembly code from signal flow block diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Douglas B. Powell; Edward A. Lee; William C. Newman

    1992-01-01

    Block diagrams with signal flow semantics have proven their utility in system simulation and algorithm development. They can also be used as high-level languages for real-time system implementation and design. An approach to synthesizing optimized assembly code for programmable DSPs from block diagrams is described. The extensible block library defines code segments in a meta-assembly language that uses the syntax

  10. Intelligent Computer Aided Design for Railway Yard Line Diagram Based on Blocks with Feeler Vector

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tao Yang; Bin Wang; Hehua Li

    2010-01-01

    The new intelligent computer aided design method is developed for a kind of line diagram based upon defining blocks' feeler vectors and several effective algorithms. The contribution of this paper is to define the feeler vectors for CAD block that the relationship of adjoined blocks in a rough plan could be recognized and the design drawing can be calculated by

  11. A Simplified Work Scheme for Using Block Diagrams With the Orthographic Net.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lisle, Richard J.

    1980-01-01

    Presents the steps for drawing a block-diagram from a map in the area of structural geology. The author recommends first platting on the orthographic net, all directional data with respect to geographical reference axes. (Author/SA)

  12. Development of the Functional Flow Block Diagram for the J-2X Rocket Engine System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    White, Thomas; Stoller, Sandra L.; Greene, WIlliam D.; Christenson, Rick L.; Bowen, Barry C.

    2007-01-01

    The J-2X program calls for the upgrade of the Apollo-era Rocketdyne J-2 engine to higher power levels, using new materials and manufacturing techniques, and with more restrictive safety and reliability requirements than prior human-rated engines in NASA history. Such requirements demand a comprehensive systems engineering effort to ensure success. Pratt & Whitney Rocketdyne system engineers performed a functional analysis of the engine to establish the functional architecture. J-2X functions were captured in six major operational blocks. Each block was divided into sub-blocks or states. In each sub-block, functions necessary to perform each state were determined. A functional engine schematic consistent with the fidelity of the system model was defined for this analysis. The blocks, sub-blocks, and functions were sequentially numbered to differentiate the states in which the function were performed and to indicate the sequence of events. The Engine System was functionally partitioned, to provide separate and unique functional operators. Establishing unique functional operators as work output of the System Architecture process is novel in Liquid Propulsion Engine design. Each functional operator was described such that its unique functionality was identified. The decomposed functions were then allocated to the functional operators both of which were the inputs to the subsystem or component performance specifications. PWR also used a novel approach to identify and map the engine functional requirements to customer-specified functions. The final result was a comprehensive Functional Flow Block Diagram (FFBD) for the J-2X Engine System, decomposed to the component level and mapped to all functional requirements. This FFBD greatly facilitates component specification development, providing a well-defined trade space for functional trades at the subsystem and component level. It also provides a framework for function-based failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA), and a rigorous baseline for the functional architecture.

  13. Engineering line diagram development from process flowsheets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Long; P. D. B. Bujac; D. C. Woodcock; M. L. Preston; A. G. Rushton; I. W. Cumming

    2001-01-01

    The PREMIUM methodology is presented. This methodology provides a structured approach to the development of engineering line diagrams from process flowsheets. The generation of the method through a series of ‘synthesis’ and ‘evaluation’ steps is described. The structural features of the method—the different levels, groups, objectives and thought prompts are detailed. Associated ‘support tools’ for handling operating states and transitions

  14. Engineering line diagram development from process flowsheets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Long; P. D. B. Bujac; D. C. Woodcock; M. L. Preston; A. G. Rushton; I. W. Cumming

    2000-01-01

    Engineering line diagram (ELD) development forms a distinct phase in process plant design. It is a complex and expensive activity and as such warrants considerable effort to minimise costs and maximise effectiveness. In this paper, the nature of the ELD design task is analysed in order to understand how it could be carried out more effectively. A number of shortfalls

  15. Morphology and phase diagram of comb block copolymer Am+1(BC)m.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Zhibin; Wang, Rong; Xue, Gi

    2009-05-28

    The morphologies and the phase diagram of comb copolymer Am+1(BC)m are investigated by the self-consistent field theory. By changing the volume fractions of the blocks, the interaction parameters between the different blocks, and the side chain number, nine phases are found, including the two-colored lamellar phase, three-colored lamellar phase, hexagonal lattice phase, core shell hexagonal lattice phase, two interpenetrating tetragonal lattice, core shell tetragonal lattice, lamellar phase with beads inside, lamellar phase with alternating beads, and disordered phase. The phase diagrams are constructed for Am+1(BC)m with different side chain numbers of m=1, 2, 3, and 5. Due to the asymmetric topology of comb copolymer Am+1(BC)m, the phases and the diagrams are very different from linear ABC triblock copolymer or star ABC triblock copolymer. When the volume fraction of one of the blocks is the domination, the (core shell) hexagonal phase or two interpenetrating tetragonal lattice can form, depending on which block dominates and the interaction between the blocks. The (core shell) hexagonal phase easily forms at the corner of the block A (fA>or=0.5). The side chain number m affects the phase diagram largely due to the fact that the architecture of a comb copolymer is not invariant under the interchange between the three different monomers. Due to the connectivity of the blocks B and the inner blocks A, Am+1(BC)m comb copolymers with the longer main chain A or longer side chain with short block C, i.e., longer block B, are difficult to phase separate. The results are helpful to design nano- or biomaterials with complex architecture or tailor the phase behavior of comb copolymers. PMID:19422259

  16. Application of quaternary phase diagrams to compound semiconductor processing

    SciTech Connect

    Sinclair, R.

    1994-10-01

    Isobaric, isothermal phase diagrams are a molar representation of condensed phases in equilibrium with each other at a fixed temperature, pressure, and composition. Since three or four elements are usually involved at a fabricated interface in a semiconductor device, knowledge of the appropriate ternary or quaternary phase diagram is important for optimizing the processing parameters and designing long term stability of devices. While the use of phase diagrams is well-established in the fields of metallurgy, ceramics and mineralogy, only recently have phase diagrams been employed to provide a framework for understanding thin film reactions on a substrate, encountered in semiconductor processing. Even though there are many examples of applications of ternary phase diagrams in the semiconductor literature (for instance, metallization of GaAs, the use of refractory metal silicides for metallization layers in VLSI devices and oxidation of III-V compounds), the same is not true for quaternary phase diagrams. To date, the only application is oxidation of mercury cadmium telluride. This lack of examples is not warranted, as four elements are often involved at a critical interface in compound semiconductor processing and devices. This paper reports on the progress made to remedy this situation by considering the application of quaternary phase diagrams to understanding and predicting the behavior of II-VI thin film interfaces in photovoltaic devices under annealing conditions. Moreover, for the first time, solid solubility is taken into account for quaternary phase diagrams of semiconductor systems.

  17. Phase diagrams of block copolymer melts by dissipative particle dynamics simulations.

    PubMed

    Gavrilov, Alexey A; Kudryavtsev, Yaroslav V; Chertovich, Alexander V

    2013-12-14

    Phase diagrams for monodisperse and polydisperse diblock copolymer melts and a random multiblock copolymer melt are constructed using dissipative particle dynamics simulations. A thorough visual analysis and calculation of the static structure factor in several hundreds of points at each of the diagrams prove the ability of mesoscopic molecular dynamics to predict the phase behavior of polymer systems as effectively as the self-consistent field-theory and Monte Carlo simulations do. It is demonstrated that the order-disorder transition (ODT) curve for monodisperse diblocks can be precisely located by a spike in the dependence of the mean square pressure fluctuation on ?N, where ? is the Flory-Huggins parameter and N is the chain length. For two other copolymer types, the continuous ODTs are observed. Large polydispersity of both blocks obeying the Flory distribution in length does not shift the ODT curve but considerably narrows the domains of the cylindrical and lamellar phases partially replacing them with the wormlike micelle and perforated lamellar phases, respectively. Instead of the pure 3d-bicontinuous phase in monodisperse diblocks, which could be identified as the gyroid, a coexistence of the 3d phase and cylindrical micelles is detected in polydisperse diblocks. The lamellar domain spacing D in monodisperse diblocks follows the strong-segregation theory prediction, D?N(1?2) ~ (?N)(1?6), whereas in polydisperse diblocks it is almost independent of ?N at ?N < 100. Completely random multiblock copolymers cannot form ordered microstructures other than lamellas at any composition. PMID:24329087

  18. Processing of IN-718 Lattice Block Castings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hebsur, Mohan G.

    2002-01-01

    Recently a low cost casting method known as lattice block casting has been developed by JAM Corporation, Wilmington, Massachusetts for engineering materials such as aluminum and stainless steels that has shown to provide very high stiffness and strength with only a fraction of density of the alloy. NASA Glenn Research Center has initiated research to investigate lattice block castings of high temperature Ni-base superalloys such as the model system Inconel-718 (IN-718) for lightweight nozzle applications. Although difficulties were encountered throughout the manufacturing process , a successful investment casting procedure was eventually developed. Wax formulation and pattern assembly, shell mold processing, and counter gravity casting techniques were developed. Ten IN-718 lattice block castings (each measuring 15-cm wide by 30-cm long by 1.2-cm thick) have been successfully produced by Hitchiner Gas Turbine Division, Milford, New Hampshire, using their patented counter gravity casting techniques. Details of the processing and resulting microstructures are discussed in this paper. Post casting processing and evaluation of system specific mechanical properties of these specimens are in progress.

  19. The Effect of Diagrams on Online Reading Processes and Memory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCrudden, Matthew T.; Magliano, Joseph P.; Schraw, Gregory

    2011-01-01

    This work examined how adjunct displays influence college readers' moment-by-moment processing of text and the products of reading, using reading time (Experiments 1 & 2), and think-aloud methodologies (Experiment 3). Participants did or did not study a diagram before reading a text. Overall, the reading time data, think-aloud data, and recall…

  20. Phase diagram of selectively cross-linked block copolymers shows chemically microstructured gel

    E-print Network

    Alice von der Heydt; Annette Zippelius

    2014-09-29

    We study analytically the intricate phase behavior of cross-linked $AB$ diblock copolymer melts, which can undergo two main phase transitions due to quenched random constraints: Gelation, i.e., spatially random localization of polymers forming a system-spanning cluster, is driven by increasing the number parameter $\\mu$ of irreversible, type-selective cross-links between random pairs of $A$ blocks. Self-assembly into a periodic pattern of $A$/$B$-rich microdomains (microphase separation) is controlled by the $AB$ incompatibility $\\chi$ inversely proportional to temperature. Our model aims to capture the system's essential microscopic features, including an ensemble of random networks that reflects spatial correlations at the instant of cross-linking. We identify suitable order parameters and derive a free-energy functional in the spirit of Landau theory that allows us to trace a phase diagram in the plane of $\\mu$ and $\\chi$. Selective cross-links promote microphase separation at higher critical temperatures than in uncross-linked diblock copolymer melts. Microphase separation in the liquid state facilitates gelation, giving rise to a novel gel state whose chemical composition density mirrors the periodic $AB$ pattern.

  1. Phase diagram of selectively cross-linked block copolymers shows chemically microstructured gel.

    PubMed

    von der Heydt, Alice; Zippelius, Annette

    2015-02-01

    We study analytically the intricate phase behavior of cross-linked AB diblock copolymer melts, which can undergo two main phase transitions due to quenched random constraints. Gelation, i.e., spatially random localisation of polymers forming a system-spanning cluster, is driven by increasing the number parameter ? of irreversible, type-selective cross-links between random pairs of A blocks. Self-assembly into a periodic pattern of A/B-rich microdomains (microphase separation) is controlled by the AB incompatibility ? inversely proportional to temperature. Our model aims to capture the system's essential microscopic features, including an ensemble of random networks that reflects spatial correlations at the instant of cross-linking. We identify suitable order parameters and derive a free-energy functional in the spirit of Landau theory that allows us to trace a phase diagram in the plane of ? and ?. Selective cross-links promote microphase separation at higher critical temperatures than in uncross-linked diblock copolymer melts. Microphase separation in the liquid state facilitates gelation, giving rise to a novel gel state whose chemical composition density mirrors the periodic AB pattern. PMID:25662662

  2. Phase diagram of selectively cross-linked block copolymers shows chemically microstructured gel

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    von der Heydt, Alice; Zippelius, Annette

    2015-02-01

    We study analytically the intricate phase behavior of cross-linked AB diblock copolymer melts, which can undergo two main phase transitions due to quenched random constraints. Gelation, i.e., spatially random localisation of polymers forming a system-spanning cluster, is driven by increasing the number parameter ? of irreversible, type-selective cross-links between random pairs of A blocks. Self-assembly into a periodic pattern of A/B-rich microdomains (microphase separation) is controlled by the AB incompatibility ? inversely proportional to temperature. Our model aims to capture the system's essential microscopic features, including an ensemble of random networks that reflects spatial correlations at the instant of cross-linking. We identify suitable order parameters and derive a free-energy functional in the spirit of Landau theory that allows us to trace a phase diagram in the plane of ? and ?. Selective cross-links promote microphase separation at higher critical temperatures than in uncross-linked diblock copolymer melts. Microphase separation in the liquid state facilitates gelation, giving rise to a novel gel state whose chemical composition density mirrors the periodic AB pattern.

  3. WATER PROCESS SYSTEM FLOW DIAGRAM FOR MTR, TRA603. SUMMARY OF ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    WATER PROCESS SYSTEM FLOW DIAGRAM FOR MTR, TRA-603. SUMMARY OF COOLANT FLOW FROM WORKING RESERVOIR TO INTERIOR OF REACTOR'S THERMAL SHIELD. NAMES TANK SECTIONS. PIPE AND DRAIN-LINE SIZES. SHOWS DIRECTION OF AIR FLOW THROUGH PEBBLE AND GRAPHITE BLOCK ZONE. NEUTRON CURTAIN AND THERMAL COLUMN DOOR. BLAW-KNOX 3150-92-7, 3/1950. INL INDEX NO. 531-0603-51-098-100036, REV. 6. - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

  4. A Spatial Scheduling System for Block Painting Process in Shipbuilding

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. K. Cho; K. H. Chung; J. C. Park; H. S. Kim

    2001-01-01

    This paper deals with a spatial scheduling problem for the painting process in shipbuilding. This problem is complicated because both scheduling and spatial allocation of the blocks in the paint shop, and the workload balance among working teams should be considered simultaneously. The spatial scheduling system for the block painting process includes an operation strategy algorithm, a block scheduling algorithm,

  5. Observed Human Errors in Interpreting 3D visualizations: implications for Teaching Students how to Comprehend Geological Block Diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bemis, K. G.; Pirl, E.; Chiang, J.; Tremaine, M.

    2009-12-01

    Block diagrams are commonly used to communicate three dimensional geological structures and other phenomena relevant to geological science (e.g., water bodies in the ocean). However, several recent studies have suggested that these 3D visualizations create difficulties for individuals with low to moderate spatial abilities. We have therefore initiated a series of studies to understand what it is about the 3D structures that make them so difficult for some people and also to determine if we can improve people’s understanding of these structures through web-based training not related to geology or other underlying information. Our first study examined what mistakes subjects made in a set of 3D block diagrams designed to represent progressively more difficult internal structures. Each block was shown bisected by a plane either perpendicular or at an angle to the block sides. Five low to medium spatial subjects were asked to draw the features that would appear on the bisecting plane. They were asked to talk aloud as they solved the problem. Each session was videotaped. Using the time it took subjects to solve the problems, the subject verbalizations of their problem solving and the drawings that were found to be in error, we have been able to find common patterns in the difficulties the subjects had with the diagrams. We have used these patterns to generate a set of strategies the subjects used in solving the problems. From these strategies, we are developing methods of teaching. A problem found in earlier work on geology structures was not observed in our study, that is, one of subjects failing to recognize the 2D representation of the block as 3D and drawing the cross-section as a combined version of the visible faces of the object. We attribute this to our experiment introduction, suggesting that even this simple training needs to be carried out with students encountering 3D block diagrams. Other problems subjects had included difficulties in perceptually recognizing variations in layer thicknesses, difficulties in recognizing an internal structure from the visible cues on the block walls, difficulties in mentally constructing objects and intersections that were not perpendicular, and difficulties in keeping track of the number of folds of a layer, and thus, the number of intersections of the layer with the bisecting plane. All of these problems suggest that web-based games giving mass practice with these variations in block diagram representations are likely to give any person appropriate skills in their interpretation. The time to complete the drawings and the errors in the drawings were also correlated with quantifiable properties of the diagrams, e.g., number of layers, number of folds in the layers, angle of bisection of the plane, etc. These will be used in further research to organize the training from easy to hard problems following what is known already about mass practice and developing abstracted skill sets. The plan is to also make the training adaptive, that is, to provide practice in those areas where an individual user is having the most problems.

  6. Fuel Retrieval System Process Flow Diagrams Mass Balance Calculations for K West Basin

    SciTech Connect

    REED, A.V.

    2000-01-03

    This calculation justifies the numbers used for the material balance on the process flow diagrams for the KW Basin Fuel Retrieval Subproject. The purpose of these calculations is to develop the material balances that are documented in the Fuel Retrieval System (FRS) Process Flow Diagrams for future reference. The attached mass calculations were prepared in support of revising the fuel retrieval system process flow diagrams for the 105K West Basin. The calculations refer to diagram H-1-81164.

  7. Microphase Separated Block Copolymers in Pervaporation Membranes for Biofuels Processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Greer, Douglas; Shin, Chae-Young; Ozcam, Evren; Skerker, Jeffrey; Basso, Thalita; Leon, Dacia; Bauer, Stefan; Balsara, Nitash; Energy Biosciences Institute Collaboration

    2014-03-01

    The production of transportation biofuels requires numerous continuous separation processes. We designed block copolymer membranes for pervaporation as a means to achieve these separations. These block copolymers contain a glassy structure block for support and a rubbery transport block for sorption and diffusion. We create membranes with nanoscale conducting channels using the unique trait of block copolymers to assemble into ordered morphologies. We have previously used nanostructured membranes to separate ethanol/water binary mixtures [J. Membr. Sci. 373, 112 (2011)], [J. Membr. Sci. 401, 125 (2012)]. We report this type of membranes is effective in other, more complex separations important to biofuel production. These separations increase yield and decrease process time.

  8. What can we learn by comparing students' diagram-construction processes with the mathematical conceptions inferred from their explanations with completed diagrams?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lobato, Joanne; Hohensee, Charles; Diamond, Jaime Marie

    2014-09-01

    Despite recent research interest in student-created diagrams, little research has systematically investigated students' diagram- construction processes, meaning the order and manner in which students create markings as they physically generate diagrams. In this study, we characterize the various processes students use to create diagrams that represent a quadratic motion situation involving increasing speed, and we explore how these diagram-construction processes are related to students' conceptions of speed as inferred from their explanations with their completed diagrams. Previous literature suggests contrasting predictions regarding whether or not students' diagram-construction processes are closely related (from our perspective as researchers) to students' inferred conceptions. We see the study as having value for research and practice by raising new questions related to diagram-construction processes, pointing to the potential formative assessment value of attending to diagram-construction processes, and demonstrating the need for the development of theory to explain the relationships identified by this study.

  9. Extending the UML 2 Activity Diagram with Business Process Goals and Performance Measures

    E-print Network

    Extending the UML 2 Activity Diagram with Business Process Goals and Performance Measures}@wit.tuwien.ac.at http://wit.tuwien.ac.at Abstract. The UML 2 Activity Diagram is designed for modelling business the UML 2 Activity Diagram with process goals and performance measures to make them conceptually visible

  10. Interconnectable blocks for music and audio processing

    E-print Network

    McPherson, Andrew, 1982-

    2005-01-01

    This thesis describes the technical implementation of a set of interconnectable blocks designed to be used by children to explore the possibilities of digital sound manipulation. In contrast to similar modular systems, ...

  11. Path Processing and block adjustment with RADARSAT-1 SAR images

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thierry Toutin

    2003-01-01

    The objectives of this research study was to determine the conditions of experimentation and application of path processing and block adjustment with synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images when few controls are available. The path and block processing enabled the simultaneous adjustment of all images together to reduce the control point requirement. The method is based on the three-dimensional physical model

  12. Simultaneous and Successive Processing of Circuit Diagrams Having Different Amounts of Detail.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Winn, Bill

    The instructional effectiveness of diagrams has been substantiated by research; however, research findings are limited for the identification of the conditions that are necessary for learning from diagrams. The study reported in this paper investigated certain properties of diagrams and how they relate to cognitive processes that students use when…

  13. A Process Modeling Language Consisting of High Level UML-based Diagrams and Low Level Process Language

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shih-chien Chou

    2002-01-01

    This article presents a process modeling language consisting of high level UML-based diagrams and a low level process language. The high level diagrams facilitate process program development, while the low level process language models processes as process programs. Between them is a mapping to further facilitate program development.

  14. Stacking of blocks by chimpanzees: developmental processes and physical understanding

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Misato Hayashi

    2007-01-01

    The stacking-block task has been used to assess cognitive development in both humans and chimpanzees. The present study reports\\u000a three aspects of stacking behavior in chimpanzees: spontaneous development, acquisition process following training, and physical\\u000a understanding assessed through a cylindrical-block task. Over 3 years of longitudinal observation of block manipulation, one\\u000a of three infant chimpanzees spontaneously started to stack up cubic

  15. Exact solution of the zero-range process: fundamental diagram of the corresponding exclusion process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Masahiro Kanai

    2007-01-01

    In this paper, we propose a general way of computing expectation values in the zero-range process (ZRP), using an exact form of the partition function. As an example, we provide the fundamental diagram (the flux-density plot) of the asymmetric exclusion process corresponding to the ZRP. We express the partition function for the steady state by the Lauricella hypergeometric function, and

  16. Block Diagram of a Black and White TV. Lesson Plan No. 1, Electronic Tech 1.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hollandsworth, Donald S.

    This lesson, which is part of a course in electronics technology, explains the workings of a black-and-white television. It covers the structure and function of the 18 structural blocks of black-and-white television sets. The following materials are included: a lesson plan, transparency masters, and student handouts. The lesson plan includes lists…

  17. Application of a feasible formability diagram for the effective design in stamping processes of automotive panels

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dae-Cheol Ko; Seung-Hoon Cha; Sang-Kon Lee; Chan-Joo Lee; Byung-Min Kim

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this study is to propose a method of process design that uses a feasible formability diagram, which denotes the safe region without fracture and wrinkle, for the effective and rapid design of stamping processes. To determine the feasible formability diagram, FE-analyses have been performed for combinations of process variables that correspond to the orthogonal array of design

  18. Students' Ability to Solve Process-Diagram Problems in Secondary Biology Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kragten, Marco; Admiraal, Wilfried; Rijlaarsdam, Gert

    2015-01-01

    Process diagrams are important tools in biology for explaining processes such as protein synthesis, compound cycles and the like. The aim of the present study was to measure the ability to solve process-diagram problems in biology and its relationship with prior knowledge, spatial ability and working memory. For this purpose, we developed a test…

  19. Applying state diagrams to food processing and development

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Roos, Y.; Karel, M.

    1991-01-01

    The physical state of food components affects their properties during processing, storage, and consumption. Removal of water by evaporation or by freezing often results in formation of an amorphous state (Parks et al., 1928; Troy and Sharp, 1930; Kauzmann, 1948; Bushill et al., 1965; White and Cakebread, 1966; Slade and Levine, 1991). Amorphous foods are also produced from carbohydrate melts by rapid cooling after extrusion or in the manufacturing of hard sugar candies and coatings (Herrington and Branfield, 1984). Formation of the amorphous state and its relation to equilibrium conditions are shown in Fig. 1 [see text]. The most important change, characteristic of the amorphous state, is noticed at the glass transition temperature (Tg), which involves transition from a solid "glassy" to a liquid-like "rubbery" state. The main consequence of glass transition is an increase of molecular mobility and free volume above Tg, which may result in physical and physico-chemical deteriorative changes (White and Cakebread, 1966; Slade and Levine, 1991). We have conducted studies on phase transitions of amorphous food materials and related Tg to composition, viscosity, stickiness, collapse, recrystallization, and ice formation. We have also proposed that some diffusion-limited deteriorative reactions are controlled by the physical state in the vicinity of Tg (Roos and Karel, 1990, 1991a, b, c). The results are summarized in this article, with state diagrams based on experimental and calculated data to characterize the relevant water content, temperature, and time-dependent phenomena of amorphous food components.

  20. Views: Fundamental Building Blocks in the Process of Knowledge Discovery

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hideo Bannai; Yoshinori Tamada; Osamu Maruyama; Kenta Nakai; Satoru Miyano

    2001-01-01

    We present a novel approach to describe the knowledge dis- covery process, focusing on a generalized form of attribute called view. It is observed that the process of knowledge dis- covery can, in fact. be modeled as the design, generation, use, and evaluation of views, asserting that views are the funda- mental building blocks in the discovery process. We realize

  1. The Art of Sorting: Using Venn Diagrams To Learn Science Process Skills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Jan E.

    2003-01-01

    Presents activities that have been proven to teach young learners to sort and classify objects that contain more than one attribute. The activities require that students employ the use of sorting hoops and attribute blocks to create Venn diagrams, the assembly of which requires practice. Includes cross-curricular uses of these learning tools.…

  2. MAP Algorithms for Decoding Linear Block Codes Based on Sectionalized Trellis Diagrams

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lui, Ye; Lin, Shu; Fossorier, Marc P. C.

    2000-01-01

    The maximum a posteriori probability (MAP) algorithm is a trellis-based MAP decoding algorithm. It is the heart of turbo (or iterative) decoding that achieves an error performance near the Shannon limit. Unfortunately, the implementation of this algorithm requires large computation and storage. Furthermore, its forward and backward recursions result in long decoding delay. For practical applications, this decoding algorithm must be simplified and its decoding complexity and delay must be reduced. In this paper, the MAP algorithm and its variations, such as log-MAP and max-log-MAP algorithms, are first applied to sectionalized trellises for linear block codes and carried out as two-stage decodings. Using the structural properties of properly sectionalized trellises, the decoding complexity and delay of the MAP algorithms can be reduced. Computation-wise optimum sectionalizations of a trellis for MAP algorithms are investigated. Also presented in this paper are bidirectional and parallel MAP decodings.

  3. Design of processes with reactive distillation line diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Bessling; G. Schembecker; K. H. Simmrock

    1997-01-01

    On the basis of the transformation of concentration coordinates, the concept of reactive distillation lines is developed. It is applied to study the feasibility of a reactive distillation with an equilibrium reaction on all trays of a distillation column. The singular points in the distillation line diagrams are characterized in terms of nodes and saddles. Depending on the characterization of

  4. Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project Canister Storage Building (CSB) Process Flow Diagram Mass Balance Calculations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of these calculations is to develop the material balances for documentation of the Canister Storage Building (CSB) Process Flow Diagram (PFD) and future reference. The attached mass balances were prepared to support revision two of the PFD for the CSB. The calculations refer to diagram H-2-825869.

  5. Reconfigurable Block Floating Point Processing Elements in Virtex Platforms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guillermo Conde; Gregory W. Donohoe

    2011-01-01

    This paper describes a project undertaken to simplify the implementation of high-throughput, low-power, numerically intensive applications on Virtex platforms. The system is a pipeline composed of block floating point processing elements. These combine the advantages of fixed-point and floating-point implementations: improved data accuracy (compared to fixed-point) while keeping the hardware resources to a minimum. The design is based on the

  6. Automatic identification of structural process weaknesses in flow chart diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Axel Winkelmann; Burkhard Weiß

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – Financial institutions have been engaged in numerous business process reengineering (BPR) projects to make their organizations more efficient. However, the success of BPR projects in banks varies significantly and it remains a challenge to systematically discover weaknesses in business process landscapes. Based on the flow chart notation language this paper seeks to argue for the definition of weakness

  7. 1 of 3 + 1 page diagram Process Engineering Thermodynamics

    E-print Network

    Zevenhoven, Ron

    . The temperature change and composition change of the ambient air may be neglected. Data: specific heat for N2 cp as a result of this mixing process? Data: specific heat for liquid water cp = 4.2 kJ/(kg·K), for ice cp = 2W) in the heat exchanger. Use cp = 2.05 kJ/(kg·K) for the steam. b. Calculate the value for the entropy change

  8. Hydroforming of aluminum extrusion tubes for automotive applications. Part II: process window diagram

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Chu; Yu Xu

    2004-01-01

    Based on the mathematical formulations for predicting forming limits induced by buckling, wrinkling and bursting of free-expansion tube hydroforming, a theoretical “Process Window Diagram” (PWD) is proposed and established in this paper. The theory developed in the first part of the present work was formulated within the context of free-expansion tube hydroforming with both combined internal pressure and end feeding.

  9. Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project Multi Canister Overpack (MCO) Process Flow Diagram Mass Balance Calculations

    SciTech Connect

    KLEM, M.J.

    2000-09-08

    The purpose of this calculation document is to develop the bases for the material balances of the Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) Level 1 Process Flow Diagram (PFD). The attached mass balances support revision two of the PFD for the MCO and provide future reference.

  10. Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) Project Multi Canister Overpack (MCO) Process Flow Diagram Mass Balance Calculations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this calculation document is to develop the bases for the material balances of the Multi-Canister Overpack (MCO) Level 1 Process Flow Diagram (PFD). The attached mass balances support revision two of the PFD for the MCO and provide future reference.

  11. Display the CIE 1931 color chromaticity diagram with digital image processing

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhao, Hong-Dong; Yao, Yi-Yang; Sun, Fei; Zhang, Qin; Yang, Xiao-Hui

    2013-12-01

    The chromaticity diagram is also needed in the instrument of a non-contact system for measuring color of printed material. The purpose of this paper is to design the color chromaticity diagram identical with the CIE 1931 and its program in MATLAB with digital image processing is realized. The chromaticity diagram in a binary format representation as black and white is used and the boundary for every color is confined by a closed black real line. More than 20 kinds of colors are selected by the psychophysiology of vision according to the CIE 1931 and their values in RGB are also are given. After every region colors are put in, the closed black real lines are wiped away and their values of RGB are updated according to the value for the nearest color region. The program including the filters in RGB space run until the all steps between every two colors up to the psychophysiology of vision, the chromaticity diagram is obtained. The values of RGB in every position in the chromaticity diagram can be presented.

  12. Application of the hydroforming strain- and stress-limit diagrams to predict necking in metal bellows forming process

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ramin Hashemi; Ghader Faraji; Karen Abrinia; Ahmad F. Dizaji

    2010-01-01

    In order to predict the initiation of necking in metal bellows forming process, a methodology for determination of the forming\\u000a limit diagram and the forming limit stress diagram is represented in this paper. The methodology is based on the Marciniak\\u000a and Kuczynski (M–K) model. Comparison between the experimental and theoretical results for hydroforming stress and strain-limit\\u000a diagrams as predicted by

  13. Adapted UML Activity Diagrams for Mobile Work Processes: Experimental Comparison of Colour and Pattern Fills

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sundar Gopalakrishnan; John Krogstie; Guttorm Sindre

    \\u000a For multi-channel information systems it is often relevant to model where something is supposed to take place, but business\\u000a process modelling notations seldom capture geographical location. In previous papers, we suggested and compared alternatives\\u000a for small modifications to UML Activity Diagrams to address this, and a controlled experiment indicated that an alternative\\u000a using colour performed better than one using annotations.

  14. 76 FR 2919 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram and Supplemental Official Outer Continental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-18

    ...Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block Diagrams AGENCY: Bureau of Ocean Energy...Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block Diagrams...Diagram (OPD) and Supplemental Official OCS Block Diagrams (SOBDs) located in the...

  15. Low cost eye diagram reconstruction and morphological analysis for optical network performance monitoring using digital signal processing techniques

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduardo Mobilon; M. R. X. de Barros; A. Lopes

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the use of a low cost eye diagram reconstruction method, based on digital signal processing techniques, for optical communication network performance monitoring by means of bit error rate (BER) estimation through Gaussian fitting Q-Factor calculation. A morphological analysis of the reconstructed eye diagram is also proposed, which allows for the qualitative investigation of impairments such as amplitude

  16. Large and various shapes block processing in HEVC

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kim, Il-Koo; Min, Junghye; Lee, Tammy; Han, Woo-Jin; Park, JeongHoon

    2012-10-01

    Recently, Joint Collaborative Team on Video Coding (JCT-VC) which is joint team by ITU-T SG 16 Q.6 (VCEG) and ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 (MPEG) was established and started to define new video coding standard called as High Efficiency Video Coding (HEVC). This paper introduces block partitioning structure of HEVC standard and presents its analysis results. Among many technical aspects of HEVC, the block partitioning structure has been considered as a key factor of its significant coding efficiency improvement. Compared with the macroblock structure of the fixed size 16x16 in H.264/AVC, HEVC defines three flexible size units according to their functionalities. Coding unit (CU) defines a region sharing the same prediction scheme between spatial and temporal predictions and it is represented by the leaf node of the quadtree structure. Moreover, prediction unit (PU) defines a region sharing the same prediction information and transform unit (TU), which is specified by another quadtree, defines a region sharing the same transformation. This paper introduces technical details of the block partitioning structure of HEVC with emphasis on the consistently designed framework by combining three different units together. Provided experimental results justifies each component of the block partitioning structure.

  17. Nursing job process analysis from viewpoint of process design by job diagram.

    PubMed

    Dannoue, Hideo; Tsuru, Satoko; Munechika, Masahiko; Iizuka, Yoshinori

    2006-01-01

    Recently Japan demands more and more quality assurance in clinical practice. Several aspects of issues have been discussed to provide significant suggestions for nursing quality assurance. In the quality management field, Process Design, which is known to contribute to quality assurance, is an important frame. This study attempts to analyze the nursing job process from the viewpoint of process design. As a result, some knowledge on the nursing job process could be comprehended. Process analysis from the viewpoint of Process Design is considered significant in nursing practice and further improvement of its technique and application is a challenge for the future. PMID:17102465

  18. The design, synthesis and properties of pressure-processable biodegradable block copolymers

    E-print Network

    Lovell, Nathan Gary

    2005-01-01

    In this thesis, biodegradable block copolyesters were specifically designed and synthesized for their susceptibility to pressure-induced mixing. These baroplastic materials are capable of being processed and molded through ...

  19. Block copolymers useful for enhanced oil recovery processes

    SciTech Connect

    Shu, P.

    1989-10-03

    This patent describes a method for permeability control of a subterranean formation and for enhancing oil recovery from the subterranean formation. The method comprising injecting into the subterranean formation an aqueous solution comprised of a block copolymer having the structural form of ABA triblock or (AB){sub n} multiblock wherein A is a crosslinkable polymer, B is a non-crosslinkable polymer or a polymer having low reactivity to crosslinking agents, n is a number of at least 2 and a crosslinking agent. Wherein A is selected from the group consisting of polyacrylic acid, partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide, highly hydrolyzed polyacrylamide, partially hydrolyzed polyacrylic ester, highly hydrolyzed polyacrylic ester, polyvinyl alcohol and mixtures thereof and B is selected from the group consisting of polyacrylamide, partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide, polyalkylene ethers, polyvinyl alcohol and polyvinylpyridine.

  20. Integrating UML diagrams for production control systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hans J. Köhler; Ulrich Nickel; Jörg Niere; Albert Zündorf

    2000-01-01

    This paper proposes to use SDL block diagrams, UML class diagrams, and UML behavior diagrams like collaboration diagrams, activity diagrams, and statecharts as a visual programming language. We describe a modeling approach for flexible, autonomous production agents, which are used for the decentralization of production control systems. In order to generate a (Java) implementation of a production control system from

  1. 76 FR 63654 - Outer Continental Shelf Official Protraction Diagram, Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official Outer...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-10-13

    ...Supplemental Official Outer Continental Shelf Block Diagrams AGENCY: Bureau of Ocean Energy...Lease Maps, and Supplemental Official OCS Block Diagrams (SOBDs); Correction...Maps, and Supplemental Official OCS Shelf Block Diagrams'' that contained an...

  2. Object-process networks & object-process diagrams : implementation issues for oil exploration systems

    E-print Network

    Rozenblum, Ziv

    2007-01-01

    This thesis discusses different ways to increase the ability of OPN (Object-Process- Network), a system-architecture meta-language, to model complex systems and identify architectures to address those systems. It proposes ...

  3. Parallel Block Structured Adaptive Mesh Refinement on Graphics Processing Units

    SciTech Connect

    Beckingsale, D. A. [Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Aldermaston (United Kingdom); Gaudin, W. P. [Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Aldermaston (United Kingdom); Hornung, R. D. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Gunney, B. T. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Gamblin, T. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Herdman, J. A. [Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Aldermaston (United Kingdom); Jarvis, S. A. [Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE), Aldermaston (United Kingdom)

    2014-11-17

    Block-structured adaptive mesh refinement is a technique that can be used when solving partial differential equations to reduce the number of zones necessary to achieve the required accuracy in areas of interest. These areas (shock fronts, material interfaces, etc.) are recursively covered with finer mesh patches that are grouped into a hierarchy of refinement levels. Despite the potential for large savings in computational requirements and memory usage without a corresponding reduction in accuracy, AMR adds overhead in managing the mesh hierarchy, adding complex communication and data movement requirements to a simulation. In this paper, we describe the design and implementation of a native GPU-based AMR library, including: the classes used to manage data on a mesh patch, the routines used for transferring data between GPUs on different nodes, and the data-parallel operators developed to coarsen and refine mesh data. We validate the performance and accuracy of our implementation using three test problems and two architectures: an eight-node cluster, and over four thousand nodes of Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s Titan supercomputer. Our GPU-based AMR hydrodynamics code performs up to 4.87× faster than the CPU-based implementation, and has been scaled to over four thousand GPUs using a combination of MPI and CUDA.

  4. Venn diagrams

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    National Science Digital Library (NSDL) Middle School Portal Staff

    2008-03-10

    These online resources offer varied opportunities to work with Venn diagrams, one of many tools used in logic and reasoning. Their use is especially helpful in learning foundational notions of definition and set theory. One of the five Process Standards promoted by NCTM, Reasoning and Proof requires middle school students to sharpen such skills as they learn to develop mathematical argument.

  5. The organization of intrinsic computation: Complexity-entropy diagrams and the diversity of natural information processing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David P. Feldman; Carl S. McTague; James P. Crutchfield

    2008-01-01

    Intrinsic computation refers to how dynamical systems store, structure, and transform historical and spatial information. By graphing a measure of structural complexity against a measure of randomness, complexity-entropy diagrams display the different kinds of intrinsic computation across an entire class of systems. Here, we use complexity-entropy diagrams to analyze intrinsic computation in a broad array of deterministic nonlinear and linear

  6. Effects of processing factors on in vitro ammonia release from cooked molasses blocks containing urea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. M. Trater; E. C. Titgemeyer; J. S. Drouillard; J. N. Pike

    2003-01-01

    Three studies were conducted to evaluate effects of processing factors on in vitro release of ammonia by ruminal microbes from cooked molasses blocks containing urea. Blocks were manufactured in a scraped-surface, steam-jacketed cooking vessel. Molasses was poured into the vessel, and the pH was adjusted. Other ingredients then were added, and cooking was initiated. Vapors were removed with mild vacuum

  7. Diblock copolymer phase diagram

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Iacovella, Christopher R.

    2006-11-20

    Adaptation of the Matsen and Bates BCP phase diagram predicted using Mean-field Theory. * Matsen MW, Bates FS, ''http://pubs3.acs.org/acs/journals/doilookup?in_doi=10.1021/ma951138i Unifying weak- and strong-segregation block copolymer theories. Diblock copolymer phase diagram as calculated using Mean-field Theory by Matsen and Bates, where fA is the Block fraction, ? is the Flory-Huggins Chi Parameter, and N is the length of the block.

  8. Diagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL -Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) is an organization

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    Diagram of the Biofuel Production Process (SPORL - Alcohol Production):Introduction: The Northwest Advanced Renewables Alliance (NARA) is an organization that aims to create a sustainable aviation biofuels to determine the atmospheric emissions and emission sources that may be released from proposed NARA biofuels

  9. Tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) derivatives: key building-blocks for switchable processes.

    PubMed

    Canevet, David; Sallé, Marc; Zhang, Guanxin; Zhang, Deqing; Zhu, Daoben

    2009-05-01

    Besides a traditional use for the development of organic conducting materials, the tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) unit and its derivatives have recently appeared as key constituents for new applications, exploiting remarkable redox properties: a high pi-donating ability and occurrence of three stable redox states. Indeed, in very recent years, an impressive variety of switchable TTF-based molecular and supramolecular (multifunctional) architectures have been designed and synthesized. In this feature article, we discuss recent developments of TTF-based molecular and supramolecular systems in this respect, including molecular sensors, redox-fluorescent switches, multi-input systems for logic gates, electrochemically-driven conformational controls, molecular clips and tweezers, and redox-controlled gelation processes. PMID:19377656

  10. Motion to Support Rapid Interactive Queries on Node-Link Diagrams

    E-print Network

    New Hampshire, University of

    Descriptors: H1.2 [Models and Principles]: User/Machine Systems ­ Human information processing; Human Factors (UML) diagrams. Such diagrams are used for software management, networks analysis and management glasses that alternately block each eye's view. When synchronized with the refresh of the computer monitor

  11. Subdivision as a Fundamental Building Block of Digital Geometry Processing Algorithms

    E-print Network

    Desbrun, Mathieu

    laser range scanners, 3D photography systems based on stereo matching, contact digitizers, as well¨oder Caltech 1 Introduction Multi media data types such as digital sound, images, and video are now ubiquitousSubdivision as a Fundamental Building Block of Digital Geometry Processing Algorithms Peter Schr

  12. Nutrition and the Older Adult. Module A-9. Block A. Basic Knowledge of the Aging Process.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harvey, Dexter; Cap, Orest

    This instructional module on nutrition and the older adult is one in a block of 10 modules designed to provide the human services worker who works with older adults with basic information regarding the aging process. An introduction provides an overview of the module content. A listing of general objectives follows. Five sections present…

  13. The NanoBox: A Self-Correcting Logic Block for Emerging Process Technologies with High Defect Rates

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    The NanoBox: A Self-Correcting Logic Block for Emerging Process Technologies with High Defect Rates-correcting logic block for addressing the increasing error densities in emerging process technologies. The Nano that emerging process technologies will experience an increase in the num- ber of noise induced errors

  14. A Computational Digital Pixel Sensor Featuring Block-Readout Architecture for On-Chip Image Processing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kiyoto Ito; Benjamas Tongprasit; Tadashi Shibata

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, a computational digital pixel sensor (DPS) equipped with an on-chip image-processing capability has been developed. In order to resolve the interconnection bottleneck between the sensor array and on-chip processing units, a new block-readout architecture has been proposed and implemented on the chip. The data from the sensor array are read out in a form of a pixel

  15. Block Copolymer Modified Epoxy Amine System for Reactive Rotational Molding: Structures, Properties and Processability

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lecocq, Eva; Nony, Fabien; Tcharkhtchi, Abbas; Gérard, Jean-François

    2011-05-01

    Poly(styrene-butadiene-methylmethacrylate) (SBM) and poly(methylmethacrylate-butyle-acrylate-methylmethacrylate) (MAM) triblock copolymers have been dissolved in liquid DGEBA epoxy resin which is subsequently polymerized by meta-xylene diamine (MXDA) or Jeffamine EDR-148. A chemorheology study of these formulations by plate-plate rheology and by thermal analysis has allowed to conclude that the addition of these copolymer blocks improve the reactive rotational moulding processability without affecting the processing time. Indeed, it prevents the pooling of the formulation at the bottom of the mould and a too rapid build up of resin viscosity of these thermosetting systems. The morphology of the cured blends examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) shows an increase of fracture surface area and thereby a potential increase of the toughness with the modification of epoxy system. Dynamic mechanical spectroscopy (DMA) and opalescence of final material show that the block PMMA, initially miscible, is likely to induce phase separation from the epoxy-amine matrix. Thereby, the poor compatibilisation between the toughener and the matrix has a detrimental effect on the tensile mechanical properties. The compatibilisation has to be increased to improve in synergy the processability and the final properties of these block copolymer modified formulations. First attempts could be by adapting the length and ratio of each block.

  16. Use of ARMA block processing for estimating stationary low-frequency electromechanical modes of power systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard W. Wies; John W. Pierre; Daniel J. Trudnowski

    2003-01-01

    Accurate knowledge of low-frequency electromechanical modes in power systems gives vital information about the stability of the system. Current techniques for estimating electromechanical modes are computationally intensive and rely on complex system models. This research complements model-based approaches and uses measurement-based techniques. This paper discusses the development of an autoregressive moving average (ARMA) block-processing technique to estimate these low-frequency electromechanical

  17. Efficient block processing of long duration biotelemetric brain data for health care monitoring.

    PubMed

    Soumya, I; Rahman, M Zia Ur; Reddy, D V Rama Koti; Lay-Ekuakille, A

    2015-03-01

    In real time clinical environment, the brain signals which doctor need to analyze are usually very long. Such a scenario can be made simple by partitioning the input signal into several blocks and applying signal conditioning. This paper presents various block based adaptive filter structures for obtaining high resolution electroencephalogram (EEG) signals, which estimate the deterministic components of the EEG signal by removing noise. To process these long duration signals, we propose Time domain Block Least Mean Square (TDBLMS) algorithm for brain signal enhancement. In order to improve filtering capability, we introduce normalization in the weight update recursion of TDBLMS, which results TD-B-normalized-least mean square (LMS). To increase accuracy and resolution in the proposed noise cancelers, we implement the time domain cancelers in frequency domain which results frequency domain TDBLMS and FD-B-Normalized-LMS. Finally, we have applied these algorithms on real EEG signals obtained from human using Emotive Epoc EEG recorder and compared their performance with the conventional LMS algorithm. The results show that the performance of the block based algorithms is superior to the LMS counter-parts in terms of signal to noise ratio, convergence rate, excess mean square error, misadjustment, and coherence. PMID:25832268

  18. 630 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON SIGNAL PROCESSING, VOL. 53, NO. 2, FEBRUARY 2005 Block Matrices With L-Block-banded Inverse

    E-print Network

    Moura, José

    -Block-banded Inverse: Inversion Algorithms Amir Asif, Senior Member, IEEE, and José M. F. Moura, Fellow, IEEE Abstract, M3J 1P3 Canada (Email: asif@cs.yorku.ca) J. M. F. Moura is with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engi- neering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA, 15213 USA (e-mail: moura

  19. Instantaneous Formation of Block Copolymer Patterns via Solvo-Thermal Casting Process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jung, Hyun Jung; Woo, Sanghoon; Huh, June; Bang, Joona

    2015-03-01

    A self-assembly of block copolymers (BCPs) exhibits one of the most promising alternative methods for the next-generation lithography. Many semiconductor companies have explored the possibility of implementing this process in actual chip process, whereas the critical challenges such as feature size control, defect density, and long processing time need to be overcome. Regarding the BCP process, the formation of BCP patterns usually requires long processing time via thermal or solvent annealing. Herein we developed a simple processing method to promote a microphase separation of BCPs using solvo-thermal spin casting process. Spin casting has a very similar mechanism to solvent vapor annealing but its short process time prevents BCP chains from reaching equilibrium morphology. To maximize the chain mobility, we employed a high boiling point solvent and also applied the heat during spin casting. As a result, a well ordered BCP patterns were obtained within less than 5 min via solvo-thermal casting process without further additional annealing step.

  20. Business Process Flow Diagrams in Tissue Bank Informatics System Design, and Identification and Communication of Best Practices: The Pharmaceutical Industry Experience

    PubMed Central

    Velasco, Elizabeth; Ilasi, Nicholas T.

    2010-01-01

    Pfizer, Inc.'s Tissue Bank, in conjunction with Pfizer's BioBank (biofluid repository), endeavored to create an overarching internal software package to cover all general functions of both research facilities, including sample receipt, reconciliation, processing, storage, and ordering. Business process flow diagrams were developed by the Tissue Bank and Informatics teams as a way of characterizing best practices both within the Bank and in its interactions with key internal and external stakeholders. Besides serving as a first step for the software development, such formalized process maps greatly assisted the identification and communication of best practices and the optimization of current procedures. The diagrams shared here could assist other biospecimen research repositories (both pharmaceutical and other settings) for comparative purposes or as a guide to successful informatics design. Therefore, it is recommended that biorepositories consider establishing formalized business process flow diagrams for their laboratories, to address these objectives of communication and strategy. PMID:23386924

  1. Venn Diagrams

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2011-05-24

    In this activity, students are given a Venn diagram with certain rules and an element. They must then determine where in the Venn diagram the element belongs. This activity allows students to practice placing elements in Venn diagrams as well as reviewing mathematical terms associated with the different rules. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

  2. Carroll Diagrams

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    NRICH team

    2012-01-01

    In this number sorting activity students must use a Carroll Diagram to determine which two categories each number fits into. This activity can be completed in pairs or groups on printable versions or it can be completed as a whole class using the interactive white board (IWB). Included with this resource are printable versions of the Carroll Diagrams, guiding questions, extension and support suggestions, and a link to more challenging "More Carroll Diagrams".

  3. Autoplan: A self-processing network model for an extended blocks world planning environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Dautrechy, C. Lynne; Reggia, James A.; Mcfadden, Frank

    1990-01-01

    Self-processing network models (neural/connectionist models, marker passing/message passing networks, etc.) are currently undergoing intense investigation for a variety of information processing applications. These models are potentially very powerful in that they support a large amount of explicit parallel processing, and they cleanly integrate high level and low level information processing. However they are currently limited by a lack of understanding of how to apply them effectively in many application areas. The formulation of self-processing network methods for dynamic, reactive planning is studied. The long-term goal is to formulate robust, computationally effective information processing methods for the distributed control of semiautonomous exploration systems, e.g., the Mars Rover. The current research effort is focusing on hierarchical plan generation, execution and revision through local operations in an extended blocks world environment. This scenario involves many challenging features that would be encountered in a real planning and control environment: multiple simultaneous goals, parallel as well as sequential action execution, action sequencing determined not only by goals and their interactions but also by limited resources (e.g., three tasks, two acting agents), need to interpret unanticipated events and react appropriately through replanning, etc.

  4. A Feynman Diagram Analyser DIANA

    E-print Network

    M. Tentyukov; J. Fleischer

    1999-04-07

    A C-program DIANA (DIagram ANAlyser) for the automatic Feynman diagram evaluation is presented. It consists of two parts: the analyzer of diagrams and the interpreter of a special text manipulating language. This language is used to create a source code for analytical or numerical evaluations and to keep the control of the process in general.

  5. Performance of Three Mode-Meter Block-Processing Algorithms for Automated Dynamic Stability Assessment

    SciTech Connect

    Trudnowski, Daniel J.; Pierre, John W.; Zhou, Ning; Hauer, John F.; Parashar, Manu

    2008-05-31

    The frequency and damping of electromechanical modes offer considerable insight into the dynamic stability properties of a power system. The performance properties of three block-processing algorithms from the perspective of near real-time automated stability assessment are demonstrated and examined. The algorithms are: the extended modified Yule Walker (YW); extended modified Yule Walker with Spectral analysis (YWS); and numerical state-space subspace system identification(N4SID) algorithm. The YW and N4SID have been introduced in previous publications while the YWS is introduced here. Issues addressed include: stability assessment requirements; automated subset selecting identified modes; using algorithms in an automated format; data assumptions and quality; and expected algorithm estimation performance.

  6. Characteristic Features of Process Sequence Diagrams for the Continuous Preparation of Multicomponent Powder Mixtures

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. V. Chuvpilo

    2001-01-01

    At the present time, continuous-mixing processes, which make it possible to react to deviations from the normal course of an operation, and to regulate these deviations, are used to produce multicomponent powder mixtures. That mixture, when the components for the minimum heterogenous reaction microcell in which they are in the required (assigned) proportion and required (assigned) mutual arrangement dictated by

  7. Using Diagram Generation Software to Improve Diagram Recognition: A Case Study of Music Notation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dorothea Blostein; Lippold Haken

    1999-01-01

    Diagrams are widely used in society to transmit information such as circuit designs, music, mathematical formulae, architectural plans, and molecular structure. Computers must process diagrams both as images (marks on paper) and as information. A diagram recognizer translates from image to information and a diagram generator translates from information to image. Current technology for diagram generation is ahead of the

  8. Phase Diagrams in Vivo

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This activity uses three experiments for students to construct a phase diagram; the experiments have been videotaped and can be seen online. The purpose of this laboratory as designed is to gain familiarity with simple phase diagrams, their construction, and their applications to the understanding of geological and environmental problems. Subsidiary objectives include development of strategies for data processing including evaluation of assumptions and sources of errors, as well as honing of computer, spreadsheet, presentation (tabular and graphical), and report writing skills.

  9. Cloud Diagram

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This interactive diagram shows the various types of clouds and the relative altitudes at which they occur. Users can roll their mice over each cloud type and see a photo and a brief written description of each type.

  10. Combining Stressors That Individually Impede Long-Term Memory Blocks All Memory Processes

    PubMed Central

    Teskey, Morgan Lee; Lukowiak, Ken

    2013-01-01

    The effects of stress on memory are typically assessed individually; however, in reality different stressors are often experienced simultaneously. Here we determined the effect that two environmentally relevant stressors, crowding and low calcium availability, have on memory and neural activity following operant conditioning of aerial respiration in the pond snail, Lymnaea stagnalis. We measured aerial breathing behaviour and activity of a neuron necessary for memory formation, right pedal dorsal 1 (RPeD1), in the central pattern generator (CPG) that drives aerial respiration in untrained animals, and assessed how these traits changed following training. In naïve animals both crowding and combined stressors significantly depressed burst activity in RPeD1 which correlated with a depression in aerial breathing behaviour, whereas low calcium availability had no effect on RPeD1 activity. Following training, changes in burst activity in RPeD1 correlated with behavioural changes, decreasing relative to their naïve state at 3 h and 24 h in control conditions when both intermediate-term memory (ITM: 3 h) and long-term memory (LTM: 24 h) are formed, at 3 h but not 24 h when exposed to individual stressors when only ITM is formed, and did not change in combined stressors (i.e. when no memory is formed). Additionally, we also found that Lymnaea formed short-term memory (STM: 10 min) in the presence of individual stressors or under control conditions, but failed to do so in the presence of combined stressors. Our data demonstrate that by combining stressors that individually block LTM only we can block all memory processes. Therefore the effects of two stressors with similar individual affects on memory phenotype may be additive when experienced in combination. PMID:24223180

  11. Inhibition of glycoprotein processing blocks assembly of spicules during development of the sea urchin embryo.

    PubMed

    Kabakoff, B; Lennarz, W J

    1990-08-01

    Previous studies have implicated an 130-kD glycoprotein containing complex, N-linked oligosaccharide chain(s) in the process of spicule formation in sea urchin embryos. To ascertain whether the processing of high mannose oligosaccharides to complex oligosaccharides is necessary for spiculogenesis, intact embryos and cultures of spicule-forming primary mesenchyme cells were treated with glycoprotein processing inhibitors. In both the embryonic and cell culture systems 1-deoxymannojirimycin (1-MMN) and, to a lesser extent, 1-deoxynojirimycin (1-DNJ) inhibited spicule formation. These inhibitors did not affect gastrulation in whole embryos or filopodial network formation in cell cultures. Swainsonine (SWSN) and castanospermine (CSTP) had no effect in either system. Further analysis revealed the following: (a) 1-MMN entered the embryos and blocked glycoprotein processing in the 24-h period before spicule formation as assessed by a twofold increase in endoglycosidase H sensitivity among newly synthesized glycoproteins upon addition of 1-MMN; (b) 1-MMN did not affect general protein synthesis until after its effects on spicule formation were observed; (c) Immunoblot analysis with an antibody directed towards the polypeptide chain of the 130-kD protein (mAb A3) demonstrated that 1-MMN did not affect the level of the polypeptide that is known to be synthesized just before spicule formation; (d) 1-MMN and 1-DNJ almost completely abolished (greater than 95%) the appearance of mAb 1223 reactive complex oligosaccharide moiety associated with the 130-kD glycoprotein; CSTP and SWSN had much less of an effect on expression of this epitope. These results indicate that the conversion of high mannose oligosaccharides to complex oligosaccharides is required for spiculogenesis in sea urchin embryos and they suggest that the 130-kD protein is one of these essential complex glycoproteins. PMID:2143193

  12. Inhibition of glycoprotein processing blocks assembly of spicules during development of the sea urchin embryo

    PubMed Central

    1990-01-01

    Previous studies have implicated an 130-kD glycoprotein containing complex, N-linked oligosaccharide chain(s) in the process of spicule formation in sea urchin embryos. To ascertain whether the processing of high mannose oligosaccharides to complex oligosaccharides is necessary for spiculogenesis, intact embryos and cultures of spicule-forming primary mesenchyme cells were treated with glycoprotein processing inhibitors. In both the embryonic and cell culture systems 1- deoxymannojirimycin (1-MMN) and, to a lesser extent, 1-deoxynojirimycin (1-DNJ) inhibited spicule formation. These inhibitors did not affect gastrulation in whole embryos or filopodial network formation in cell cultures. Swainsonine (SWSN) and castanospermine (CSTP) had no effect in either system. Further analysis revealed the following: (a) 1-MMN entered the embryos and blocked glycoprotein processing in the 24-h period before spicule formation as assessed by a twofold increase in endoglycosidase H sensitivity among newly synthesized glycoproteins upon addition of 1-MMN; (b) 1-MMN did not affect general protein synthesis until after its effects on spicule formation were observed; (c) Immunoblot analysis with an antibody directed towards the polypeptide chain of the 130-kD protein (mAb A3) demonstrated that 1- MMN did not affect the level of the polypeptide that is known to be synthesized just before spicule formation; (d) 1-MMN and 1-DNJ almost completely abolished (greater than 95%) the appearance of mAb 1223 reactive complex oligosaccharide moiety associated with the 130-kD glycoprotein; CSTP and SWSN had much less of an effect on expression of this epitope. These results indicate that the conversion of high mannose oligosaccharides to complex oligosaccharides is required for spiculogenesis in sea urchin embryos and they suggest that the 130-kD protein is one of these essential complex glycoproteins. PMID:2143193

  13. Study and optimization of the parameters governing the block copolymer self-assembly: toward a future integration in lithographic process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chevalier, X.; Tiron, R.; Upreti, T.; Gaugiran, S.; Navarro, C.; Magnet, S.; Chevolleau, T.; Cunges, G.; Fleury, G.; Hadziioannou, G.

    2011-04-01

    In this paper, we present our studies on polystyrene-b-polymethylmethacrylate (PS-b-PMMA) block copolymer systems to produce cylindrical morphology in the thin film configuration. More specifically, we focus on the different accessible parameters to optimize the processing conditions for the self-assembly of this block copolymer. We studied the self-assembly process of the block copolymer film spin-coated on different random brushes obtained by varying several parameters such as the film thickness, and the annealing time and temperature. We have shown that the thin-film morphology (in-plane, out-of-plane or mixed ones) critically depends on those different parameters and that a subtle optimization of them will provide almost defect-free nanostructures. We also examined the morphology of the self assembled features in the interior of the block copolymer thin film after the subsequent removal of the PMMA block structured domain. This process leads to the film top-nanostructures spanning across the whole film thickness. We evidenced also that high aspect-ratio nanostructures in bulk silicon can be obtained with such optimized films through CMOS-compatible dry-etching approach. To conclude, we show that the above-optimized self assembly parameters can be directly combined with 193nm-resist based patterns through the graphoepitaxy approach to achieve useful features for advanced lithography.

  14. Processing-structure-mechanical Property Relationships of Semicrystalline Polyolefin-based Block Copolymers

    SciTech Connect

    Deplace, F.; Wang, Z; Lynd, N; Hotta, A; Rose, J; Hustad, P; Tian, J; Ohtaki, H; Coates, J; et. al.

    2010-01-01

    The incremental plastic deformation of the crystals of block copolymers made of semicrystalline polypropylene endblocks and amorphous ethylene-r-propylene midblocks occurring during step cycle tensile tests has dramatic effects on the stress-strain curves. This can be understood from the evolution of the morphology and of the microstructure of the crystalline blocks revealed by X-ray scattering experiments.

  15. Block bootstrap methods for the estimation of the intensity of a spatial point process with confidence bounds.

    PubMed

    Mattfeldt, T; Häbel, H; Fleischer, F

    2013-07-01

    This paper deals with the estimation of the intensity of a planar point process on the basis of a single point pattern, observed in a rectangular window. If the model assumptions of stationarity and isotropy hold, the method of block bootstrapping can be used to estimate the intensity of the process with confidence bounds. The results of two variants of block bootstrapping are compared with a parametric approximation based on the assumption of a Gaussian distribution of the numbers of points in deterministic subwindows of the original pattern. The studies were performed on patterns obtained by simulation of well-known point process models (Poisson process, two Matérn cluster processes, Matérn hardcore process, Strauss hardcore process). They were also performed on real histopathological data (point patterns of capillary profiles of 12 cases of prostatic cancer). The methods are presented as worked examples on two cases, where we illustrate their use as a check on stationarity (homogeneity) of a point process with respect to different fields of vision. The paper concludes with various methodological discussions and suggests possible extensions of the block bootstrap approach to other fields of spatial statistics. PMID:23701816

  16. TIME-SCALE BLOCK BOOTSTRAP TESTS FOR NON GAUSSIAN FINITE VARIANCE SELF-SIMILAR PROCESSES WITH STATIONARY INCREMENTS

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Bootstrap, Confidence Intervals, Hypothesis Tests. 1. INTRODUCTION Scaling analysis. Scaling analysisTIME-SCALE BLOCK BOOTSTRAP TESTS FOR NON GAUSSIAN FINITE VARIANCE SELF-SIMILAR PROCESSES could be based on non parametric bootstrap approaches. We showed that such procedures are efficient

  17. A multiscale modeling study of loss processes in block-copolymer-based solar cell nanodevices.

    PubMed

    Donets, Sergii; Pershin, Anton; Christlmaier, Martin J A; Baeurle, Stephan A

    2013-03-01

    Flexible photovoltaic devices possess promising perspectives in opto-electronic technologies, where high mobility and/or large-scale applicability are important. However, their usefulness in such applications is currently still limited due to the low level of optimization of their performance and durability. For the improvement of these properties, a better understanding and control of small-scale annihilation phenomena involved in the photovoltaic process, such as exciton loss and charge carrier loss, is necessary, which typically implicates multiple length- and time-scales. Here, we study the causes for their occurrence on the example of nanostructured diblock- and triblock-copolymer systems by making use of a novel solar-cell simulation algorithm and explore new routes to optimize their photovoltaic properties. A particular focus is set on the investigation of exciton and charge carrier loss phenomena and their dependence on the inter-monomeric interaction strength, chain architecture, and external mechanical loading. Our simulation results reveal that in the regime from low up to intermediate ?-parameters an increasing number of continuous percolation paths is created. In this parameter range, the internal quantum efficiency (IQE) increases up to a maximum, characterized by a minimum in the number of charge losses due to charge recombination. In the regime of high ?-parameters both block-copolymer systems form nanostructures with a large number of bottlenecks and dead ends. These lead to a large number of charge losses due to charge recombination, charge trapping, and a deteriorated exciton dissociation, resulting in a significant drop in the IQE. Moreover, we find that the photovoltaic performance of the triblock-copolymer material decreases with increasing mechanical loading, caused by a growing number of charge losses due to charge recombination and charge accumulation. Finally, we demonstrate that the process of charge trapping in defects can be reversed by changing the polarity of the electrodes, which confers these materials the ability to be used as charge storage media. PMID:23485320

  18. A multiscale modeling study of loss processes in block-copolymer-based solar cell nanodevices

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Donets, Sergii; Pershin, Anton; Christlmaier, Martin J. A.; Baeurle, Stephan A.

    2013-03-01

    Flexible photovoltaic devices possess promising perspectives in opto-electronic technologies, where high mobility and/or large-scale applicability are important. However, their usefulness in such applications is currently still limited due to the low level of optimization of their performance and durability. For the improvement of these properties, a better understanding and control of small-scale annihilation phenomena involved in the photovoltaic process, such as exciton loss and charge carrier loss, is necessary, which typically implicates multiple length- and time-scales. Here, we study the causes for their occurrence on the example of nanostructured diblock- and triblock-copolymer systems by making use of a novel solar-cell simulation algorithm and explore new routes to optimize their photovoltaic properties. A particular focus is set on the investigation of exciton and charge carrier loss phenomena and their dependence on the inter-monomeric interaction strength, chain architecture, and external mechanical loading. Our simulation results reveal that in the regime from low up to intermediate ?-parameters an increasing number of continuous percolation paths is created. In this parameter range, the internal quantum efficiency (IQE) increases up to a maximum, characterized by a minimum in the number of charge losses due to charge recombination. In the regime of high ?-parameters both block-copolymer systems form nanostructures with a large number of bottlenecks and dead ends. These lead to a large number of charge losses due to charge recombination, charge trapping, and a deteriorated exciton dissociation, resulting in a significant drop in the IQE. Moreover, we find that the photovoltaic performance of the triblock-copolymer material decreases with increasing mechanical loading, caused by a growing number of charge losses due to charge recombination and charge accumulation. Finally, we demonstrate that the process of charge trapping in defects can be reversed by changing the polarity of the electrodes, which confers these materials the ability to be used as charge storage media.

  19. Virus infection blocks the processing and presentation of exogenous antigen with the major histocompatibility complex class II molecules.

    PubMed

    Domanico, S Z; Pierce, S K

    1992-08-01

    Helper T cell recognition of antigen requires that antigen be processed and presented by class II expressing antigen-presenting cells (APC). Many antigens presented by the immune system are part of infectious organisms, for example, bacteria and viruses, which themselves may affect APC function. Here we show that infection of B cell lines as APC with viruses of two different families, namely, influenza A or vaccinia, completely block processing and presentation of an exogenous globular protein antigen pigeon cytochrome c. The block appears to be primarily within the processing pathway, as virus infection has little effect on the presentation of an antigenic peptide of pigeon cytochrome c which does not require processing. It is likely that several steps in the processing pathway are affected. Only live infectious virus, not UV-inactivated virus blocks APC function, indicating that there is no competition of viral particles with cytochrome c for the class II processing machinery. As compared to uninfected cells, virus-infected cells internalize less antigen bound to surface Ig but degrade a similar portion of that which enters the cell. Virus infection results in reduced protein synthesis in APC which may also be a factor in decreasing APC function. Significantly, we show that the processing of a high affinity evolutionary variant of cytochrome c from Drosophila melanogaster is reduced less by virus infection as compared to c. Such knowledge may guide the selection of antigenic epitopes in vaccine design. PMID:1379185

  20. Treatment of Diagrams in Document Image Analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dorothea Blostein; Edward Lank; Richard Zanibbi

    2000-01-01

    Document image analysis is the study of converting documents from paper form to an electronic form that captures the information content of the document. Necessary processing includes recognition of document layout (to determine reading order, and to distinguish text from diagrams), recognition of text (called Optical Character Recognition, OCR), and processing of diagrams and photographs. The processing of diagrams has

  1. Phase Diagrams

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dexter Perkins

    This handout and problem set is a stand alone tutorial that introduces students to the basics of phase diagrams and the phase rule. It is a rather lengthy exercise, suitable as a homework assignment. It can replace lectures and yields superior learning.

  2. Loose block independence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maurice Rahe; Laif Swanson

    1981-01-01

    A finite state stationary process is defined to be loosely block independent if long blocks are almost independent in the\\u000a $$\\\\overline f $$\\u000a sense. We show that loose block independence is preserved under Kakutani equivalence and\\u000a $$\\\\overline f $$\\u000a limits. We show directly that any loosely block independent process is the\\u000a $$\\\\overline f $$\\u000a limit of Bernoulli processes and is

  3. Additive-driven assembly of block copolymer-nanoparticle hybrid materials for solution processable floating gate memory.

    PubMed

    Wei, Qingshuo; Lin, Ying; Anderson, Eric R; Briseno, Alejandro L; Gido, Samuel P; Watkins, James J

    2012-02-28

    Floating gate memory devices were fabricated using well-ordered gold nanoparticle/block copolymer hybrid films as the charge trapping layers, SiO(2) as the dielectric layer, and poly(3-hexylthiophene) as the semiconductor layer. The charge trapping layer was prepared via self-assembly. The addition of Au nanoparticles that selectively hydrogen bond with pyridine in a poly(styrene-b-2-vinyl pyridine) block copolymer yields well-ordered hybrid materials at Au nanoparticle loadings up to 40 wt %. The characteristics of the memory window were tuned by simple control of the Au nanoparticle concentration. This approach enables the fabrication of well-ordered charge storage layers by solution processing, which is extendable for the fabrications of large area and high density devices via roll-to-roll processing. PMID:22272941

  4. Bite-Block Perturbation in People Who Stutter: Immediate Compensatory and Delayed Adaptive Processes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Namasivayam, Aravind Kumar; van Lieshout, Pascal; De Nil, Luc

    2008-01-01

    This exploratory study investigated sensory-motor mechanisms in five people who stutter (PWS) and five people who do not (PNS). Lip kinematic and coordination data were recorded as they produced bi-syllabic nonwords at two rates (normal and fast) in three conditions (jaw-free, immediately after insertion of a bite-block, and after a 10-min…

  5. Phase Diagram

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Walker, Matthew S.; Fruehan, Richard J.

    2014-08-01

    The thermodynamics of several aspects of the carbothermic reduction of alumina have been examined. In Part I, the results of measuring the evolved CO from the reaction between Al2O3 and C mixtures were used to determine the temperature and carbon contents for carbide formation at alumina saturation and at carbide saturation in the Al2O3-Al4C3 system. In this part of the paper, results are presented for a thermogravimetric study of the reactions of Al2O3 with carbon, as well as those for the determination of the Al2O3 liquidus line and the Al2O3-Al4O4C eutectic in the Al2O3-Al4C3 phase diagram. The critical temperature for Al2O3 and C to react, producing gas at 1 atm., was in agreement with that predicted from thermodynamics and measured in Part I of this paper. However, the Al2O3 liquidus appeared to be steeper and the eutectic temperature lower than the predicted phase diagram.

  6. Venn Diagrams

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Jiminez, Alfredo

    Unions, intersections, and differences: This can all be quite confusing to students trying to enter the potentially tricky world of Venn Diagrams. Fortunately, Alfredo Jiminez of Pennsylvania State University, Hazleton has created this handy Flash-enabled teaching application designed to provide students with an engaging way to learn about this subject. The project is party of the Digital Classroom Resources at the MAA Mathematical Sciences Digital Library, and visitors will find this particular learning activity quite easy to use. The interactive tool contains seven sections, including those dealing with the principles of union and intersection, distributive properties, and De Morgan's laws. Within each section, visitors can try their hand with a series of short questions and then take advantage of some review materials and, of course, a few basic tests.

  7. Arrows in Comprehending and Producing Mechanical Diagrams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heiser, Julie; Tversky, Barbara

    2006-01-01

    Mechanical systems have structural organizations--parts, and their relations--and functional organizations--temporal, dynamic, and causal processes--which can be explained using text or diagrams. Two experiments illustrate the role of arrows in diagrams of mechanical systems. In Experiment 1, people described diagrams with or without arrows,…

  8. An Evaluation Of Digital Processing Capabilities For Improving Detection Of Low Contrast Round Objects In A Radiography By Contrast Detail Diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bencomo, J. A.; Marsh, L. M...; Morgan, T. J.

    1984-12-01

    In this evaluation contrast-detail diagrams were used to measure the effects on observer performance of several image processing algorithms such as edge enhancement, smoothing and histogram equalization. The observer task was the detection of disk images in a uniform background. A new digital system, DigiRad System One, was used to digitize and postprocess images of a "Rose-Burger" contrast phantom. Results show that detectability of low contrast objects may increase for images taken with standard film/screen combinations. Anticipated changes on the System One may enhance its capabilities significantly.

  9. Reversible Morphology Control in Block Copolymer Films via Solvent Vapor Processing: An In Situ GISAXS study

    PubMed Central

    Paik, Marvin Y.; Bosworth, Joan K.; Smilges, Detlef-M.; Schwartz, Evan L.; Andre, Xavier; Ober, Christopher K.

    2010-01-01

    The real time changes occurring within films of cylinder-forming poly(?-methylstyrene-block-4-hydroxystyrene) (P?MS-b-PHOST) were monitored as they were swollen in tetrahydrofuran (THF) and acetone solvent vapors. In situ information was obtained by combining grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) with film thickness monitoring of the solvent vapor swollen films. We show that for self assembly to occur, the polymer thin film must surpass a swollen thickness ratio of 212% of its original thickness when swollen in THF vapors and a ratio of 268% for acetone vapor annealing. As the polymer becomes plasticized by solvent vapor uptake, the polymer chains must become sufficiently mobile to self assemble, or reorganize, at room temperature. Using vapors of a solvent selective to one of the blocks, in our case PHOST-selective acetone, an order-order transition occured driven by the shift in volume fraction. The BCC spherical phase assumed in the highly swollen state can be quenched by rapid drying. Upon treatment with vapor of a non-selective solvent, THF, the film maintained the cylindrical morphology suggested by its dry-state volume fraction. In situ studies indicate that self-assembly occurs spontaneously upon attaining the threshold swelling ratios. PMID:21116459

  10. Reversible Morphology Control in Block Copolymer Films via Solvent Vapor Processing: An In Situ GISAXS study.

    PubMed

    Paik, Marvin Y; Bosworth, Joan K; Smilges, Detlef-M; Schwartz, Evan L; Andre, Xavier; Ober, Christopher K

    2010-11-01

    The real time changes occurring within films of cylinder-forming poly(?-methylstyrene-block-4-hydroxystyrene) (P?MS-b-PHOST) were monitored as they were swollen in tetrahydrofuran (THF) and acetone solvent vapors. In situ information was obtained by combining grazing incidence small angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS) with film thickness monitoring of the solvent vapor swollen films. We show that for self assembly to occur, the polymer thin film must surpass a swollen thickness ratio of 212% of its original thickness when swollen in THF vapors and a ratio of 268% for acetone vapor annealing. As the polymer becomes plasticized by solvent vapor uptake, the polymer chains must become sufficiently mobile to self assemble, or reorganize, at room temperature. Using vapors of a solvent selective to one of the blocks, in our case PHOST-selective acetone, an order-order transition occured driven by the shift in volume fraction. The BCC spherical phase assumed in the highly swollen state can be quenched by rapid drying. Upon treatment with vapor of a non-selective solvent, THF, the film maintained the cylindrical morphology suggested by its dry-state volume fraction. In situ studies indicate that self-assembly occurs spontaneously upon attaining the threshold swelling ratios. PMID:21116459

  11. Processing Cyclic Peptide-polymer Conjugates in Block Copolymer Thin Films for Sub-nm Porous Membranes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Chen; Xu, Ting

    2014-03-01

    Porous thin films containing subnanometer channels oriented normal to the surface exhibit unique transport and separation properties and can serve as selective membranes for separation. Inspired by natural protein channels, we have developed an approach using cyclic peptide nanotubes (CPNs) embedded in polymeric matrix to mimic the transport of natural channels. The co-assembly of polymer-covered CPNs in a block copolymer (BCP) thin film requires the synchronization of two self-assembly processes, namely the microphase separation of BCP and the nanotube growth of CP-polymer conjugates. We systematically investigated the co-assembly of isolated CP-poly(ethylene glycol) (CP-PEG) conjugates and polystyrene-b-poly (methyl methacrylate) (PS-b-PMMA) in thin films as a function of CP-PEG loading (fCP-PEG) and solvent-polymer interactions. We find that there is a strong dependence of the co-assembly process on fCP-PEG due to thermodynamic limit of incorporating one CPN in one PMMA microdomain, as well as the kinetic pathway in which favorable PEG-solvent interaction helps to disperse CPNs and thus lowers the activation energy barrier of the system. This study presents critical insights in guided assemblies of functional building blocks within nanoscopic frameworks. DOE-EFRC-Gas Separation, Army Research Office.

  12. Free Body Diagrams

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This website from the University of Guelph's physics department offers a tutorial on free body diagrams. The tutorial includes an explanation of what free body diagrams are, example problems, a self-test, and a free body diagram java applet.

  13. From Activity Diagrams to Class Diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joao Paulo Barros; Luis Gomes

    2000-01-01

    A translation from activity diagrams to class diagrams, with executable code, is presented. The translation is amenable to b e made with o r without automating tools. An illustrative a pplication example is also b riefly p resented: Activity diagrams are used in the modelling and implementation of graphical user interfaces, more precisely in the c ontroller part of the

  14. Process variation aware DRAM design using block based adaptive body biasing algorithm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Satyajit Desai; Sanghamitra Roy; Koushik Chakraborty

    2012-01-01

    Large dense structures like DRAMs are particularly susceptible to process variation, which can lead to variable latencies in different memory arrays. However, very little work exists on variation studies in the DRAM. This is due to the fact that DRAMs were traditionally placed off-chip and their latency changes due to process variation did not impact the overall processor performance. However,

  15. Z diagrams of composite objects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Jaroszewicz; Stanley J. Brodsky

    1991-01-01

    We examine the effect of particle compositeness on the importance of ``Z diagrams'', i.e., virtual particle-antiparticle states appearing in scattering processes. The examples of positronium in QED, and of the nucleon in the QCD-based quark model, are discussed in detail. Generally, if the composite particle consists of N constituents, its Z-diagram amplitude involves creation and annihilation of N constituent-anticonstituent pairs.

  16. Compute-unified device architecture implementation of a block-matching algorithm for multiple graphical processing unit cards

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Massanes, Francesc; Cadennes, Marie; Brankov, Jovan G.

    2011-07-01

    We describe and evaluate a fast implementation of a classical block-matching motion estimation algorithm for multiple graphical processing units (GPUs) using the compute unified device architecture computing engine. The implemented block-matching algorithm uses summed absolute difference error criterion and full grid search (FS) for finding optimal block displacement. In this evaluation, we compared the execution time of a GPU and CPU implementation for images of various sizes, using integer and noninteger search grids. The results show that use of a GPU card can shorten computation time by a factor of 200 times for integer and 1000 times for a noninteger search grid. The additional speedup for a noninteger search grid comes from the fact that GPU has built-in hardware for image interpolation. Further, when using multiple GPU cards, the presented evaluation shows the importance of the data splitting method across multiple cards, but an almost linear speedup with a number of cards is achievable. In addition, we compared the execution time of the proposed FS GPU implementation with two existing, highly optimized nonfull grid search CPU-based motion estimations methods, namely implementation of the Pyramidal Lucas Kanade Optical flow algorithm in OpenCV and simplified unsymmetrical multi-hexagon search in H.264/AVC standard. In these comparisons, FS GPU implementation still showed modest improvement even though the computational complexity of FS GPU implementation is substantially higher than non-FS CPU implementation. We also demonstrated that for an image sequence of 720 × 480 pixels in resolution commonly used in video surveillance, the proposed GPU implementation is sufficiently fast for real-time motion estimation at 30 frames-per-second using two NVIDIA C1060 Tesla GPU cards.

  17. Compute-unified device architecture implementation of a block-matching algorithm for multiple graphical processing unit cards.

    PubMed

    Massanes, Francesc; Cadennes, Marie; Brankov, Jovan G

    2011-07-01

    In this paper we describe and evaluate a fast implementation of a classical block matching motion estimation algorithm for multiple Graphical Processing Units (GPUs) using the Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA) computing engine. The implemented block matching algorithm (BMA) uses summed absolute difference (SAD) error criterion and full grid search (FS) for finding optimal block displacement. In this evaluation we compared the execution time of a GPU and CPU implementation for images of various sizes, using integer and non-integer search grids.The results show that use of a GPU card can shorten computation time by a factor of 200 times for integer and 1000 times for a non-integer search grid. The additional speedup for non-integer search grid comes from the fact that GPU has built-in hardware for image interpolation. Further, when using multiple GPU cards, the presented evaluation shows the importance of the data splitting method across multiple cards, but an almost linear speedup with a number of cards is achievable.In addition we compared execution time of the proposed FS GPU implementation with two existing, highly optimized non-full grid search CPU based motion estimations methods, namely implementation of the Pyramidal Lucas Kanade Optical flow algorithm in OpenCV and Simplified Unsymmetrical multi-Hexagon search in H.264/AVC standard. In these comparisons, FS GPU implementation still showed modest improvement even though the computational complexity of FS GPU implementation is substantially higher than non-FS CPU implementation.We also demonstrated that for an image sequence of 720×480 pixels in resolution, commonly used in video surveillance, the proposed GPU implementation is sufficiently fast for real-time motion estimation at 30 frames-per-second using two NVIDIA C1060 Tesla GPU cards. PMID:22347787

  18. Analysis and Control of Batch Order Picking Processes Considering Picker Blocking

    E-print Network

    Hong, Soon Do

    2011-10-21

    -order picking process results in low utilization of order pickers and significant operational costs. Specifically, batch picking improves order picking performance by consolidating multiple orders in a "batch" to reduce the number of trips and total travel...

  19. Low temperature processing of baroplastic core-shell nanoparticles and block copolymers

    E-print Network

    González-León, Juan A. (Juan Antonio)

    2006-01-01

    Baroplastics are nanophase polymeric materials comprised of two components that can miscibilize under pressure thereby facilitating flow. The possibility of processing these materials at low temperatures was the main focus ...

  20. Inhibition of glycoprotein processing blocks assembly of spicules during development of the sea urchin embryo

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bruce Kabakoff; William J. Lennarz

    1990-01-01

    Previous studies have implicated an 130-kD glycoprotein containing complex, N-linked oligosac- charide chain(s) in the process of spicule formation in sea urchin embryos. To ascertain whether the process- ing of high mannose oligosaccharides to complex oligosaccharides is necessary for spiculogenesis, intact embryos and cultures of spicule-forming primary mesenchyme cells were treated with glycoprotein pro- cessing inhibitors. In both the embryonic

  1. Building the blocks of executive functioning: differentiating early developing processes contributing to executive functioning skills.

    PubMed

    Mandell, Dorothy J; Ward, Sarah E

    2011-12-01

    The neural processes that underlie executive function begin to develop in infancy. However, it is unclear how the behavior manifested by these processes are related or if they can be differentiated early in development. This study seeks to examine early emerging executive functioning skills in monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) by using an error analysis approach where traditional measures of the tasks, as well as identification of major error patterns are related. Results show that during the infancy and early juvenile period, two processes that help support set-maintenance could be differentiated: modulation of responses to novelty and persistence despite negative feedback. The results suggest that these two aspects of set-maintenance were largely independent. Modulation of responses to novelty was most prominent in the infancy and early juvenile period. The ability to persist with a response set despite negative feedback emerged in the early juvenile period and was related to task performance until the end of the study. PMID:21563178

  2. Block co-polymer approach for CD uniformity and placement error improvement in DSA hole grapho-epitaxy process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Matsumiya, Tasuku; Kurosawa, Tsuyoshi; Yahagi, Masahito; Yamano, Hitoshi; Miyagi, Ken; Maehashi, Takaya; Suzuki, Issei; Kawaue, Akiya; Komuro, Yoshitaka; Hirayama, Taku; Ohmori, Katsumi

    2015-03-01

    Directed Self-Assembly (DSA) of Block Co-Polymer (BCP) with conventional lithography is being thought as one of the potential patterning solution for future generation devices manufacturing. Many studies have been reported to fabricate the aligned patterns both on grapho and chemoepitaxy for semiconductor application1, 2. The hole shrink and multiplication by graphoepitaxy are one of the DSA implementation candidates in terms of relatively realistic process and versatility of chip design. The critical challenges on hole shrink and multiplication by using conventional Poly (styrene-b-methyl methacrylate) (PS-b-PMMA) BCP have been reported such as CD uniformity, placement error3 and defectivity. It is needed to overcome these challenging issues by improving not only whole process but materials. From the material aspect, the surface treatment material for guide structure, and process friendly BCP material are key development items on graphoepitaxy. In this paper, it will be shown in BCP approach about conventional PS-b-PMMA with additives and new casting solvent as PS-b-PMMA extension for CD uniformity and placement error improvement and then it'll be discussed on what is the key factor and solution from BCP material approach.

  3. Phase diagram of the Mg–B system at 2 GPa and peculiarities of high-pressure manufacture of MgB2-based blocks with high critical currents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Z. Turkevich; T. A. Prikhna; A. V. Kozyrev

    2009-01-01

    The quenching from high pressures, X-ray analysis, and scanning electron microscopy have been used to experimentally study phase equilibria in the Mg–B binary system at a pressure of 2–4 GPa. The experimental results have been used to define unknown parameters in phenomenological models of the phases competing at high pressures. Thermodynamic calculations have been made and the phase diagram of the

  4. The influence of random slowdown process and lock-step effect on the fundamental diagram of the nonlinear pedestrian dynamics: An estimating-correction cellular automaton

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fu, Zhijian; Zhou, Xiaodong; Chen, Yanqiu; Gong, Junhui; Peng, Fei; Yan, Zidan; Zhang, Taolin; Yang, Lizhong

    2015-03-01

    Random slowdown process and lock-step effect, observed from real-life observation and the experiments of other researchers, were investigated in the view of the pedestrian microscopic behaviors. Due to the limited controllability, repeatability and randomness of the pedestrian experiments, a new estimating-correction cellular automaton was established to research the influence of random slowdown process and lock-step effect on the fundamental diagram. The first step of the model is to estimate the next time-step status of the neighbor cell in front of the tracked pedestrian. The second step is to correct the status and confirm the position of the tracked pedestrian in the next time-step. It is found that the random slowdown process and lock-step have significant influence on the curve configuration and the characteristic parameters, including the concavity-convexity, the inflection point, the maximum flow rate and the critical density etc. The random slowdown process reduces the utilization of the available space between two adjacent pedestrians in the longitudinal direction, especially in the region of intermediate density. However, the lock-step effect enhances the utilization of the available space, especially in the region of high density.

  5. Automated global structure extraction for effective local building block processing in XCS.

    PubMed

    Butz, Martin V; Pelikan, Martin; Llorà, Xavier; Goldberg, David E

    2006-01-01

    Learning Classifier Systems (LCSs), such as the accuracy-based XCS, evolve distributed problem solutions represented by a population of rules. During evolution, features are specialized, propagated, and recombined to provide increasingly accurate subsolutions. Recently, it was shown that, as in conventional genetic algorithms (GAs), some problems require efficient processing of subsets of features to find problem solutions efficiently. In such problems, standard variation operators of genetic and evolutionary algorithms used in LCSs suffer from potential disruption of groups of interacting features, resulting in poor performance. This paper introduces efficient crossover operators to XCS by incorporating techniques derived from competent GAs: the extended compact GA (ECGA) and the Bayesian optimization algorithm (BOA). Instead of simple crossover operators such as uniform crossover or one-point crossover, ECGA or BOA-derived mechanisms are used to build a probabilistic model of the global population and to generate offspring classifiers locally using the model. Several offspring generation variations are introduced and evaluated. The results show that it is possible to achieve performance similar to runs with an informed crossover operator that is specifically designed to yield ideal problem-dependent exploration, exploiting provided problem structure information. Thus, we create the first competent LCSs, XCS/ECGA and XCS/BOA, that detect dependency structures online and propagate corresponding lower-level dependency structures effectively without any information about these structures given in advance. PMID:16903797

  6. Transition rate diagrams - A new approach to the study of selective excitation processes: The spectrum of manganese in a Grimm-type glow discharge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weiss, Zden?k; Steers, Edward B. M.; Pickering, Juliet C.; Mushtaq, Sohail

    2014-02-01

    The emission spectra of manganese observed using a Grimm-type glow discharge in pure argon, argon with 0.3% v/v hydrogen and pure neon were studied in order to identify major excitation and ionization processes of manganese in the plasma. A new procedure is proposed, in which each observed emission line is associated with the corresponding transition between different states of the Mn atom or Mn ion, and, by considering all the observed transitions from and into a specific state, a measure of the total rate is determined at which this state is radiatively populated and depopulated. These resulting population/depopulation rates are then plotted as function of level energy. Such plots, called here “transition rate diagrams”, show the role of individual states in the formation of the observed spectrum and can be used to identify possible selective excitation processes. Also, cascade excitation by radiative decay of higher excited states can be conveniently evaluated in this way. A detailed description of the observed Mn I and Mn II spectra is given for Ar, Ar-H2 and Ne plasmas and relevant excitation/ionization mechanisms are discussed. Matrix effects in analysis of manganese by glow discharge spectroscopy are discussed. A list of important Mn I and Mn II lines excited in the glow discharge plasma is given.

  7. The Line Sequence Diagram

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Calvin R. Srock

    1966-01-01

    This paper describes the symbols and techniques used to construct and apply a line sequence diagram. A line sequence diagram, as the name implies, describes the sequence of operations for an electrical control circuit.

  8. High Relief Block Printing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Michael

    1989-01-01

    Explains a method of block printing using styrofoam shapes to make high relief. Describes the creation of the block design as well as the actual printing process. Uses a range of paper types for printing so children can see the results of using different media. (LS)

  9. AFM Diagram Quiz

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dexter Perkins

    This exercise should be used after you think students know what AFM diagrams are and how they work. This is sort of a quiz - to see if they can properly interpret the diagrams. There is no point moving on to real projects that involve AFM diagrams if the students don't understand the basics.

  10. Self-organized Mn2+-Block Copolymer Complexes and Their Use for In Vivo MR Imaging of Biological Processes

    PubMed Central

    Pothayee, Nikorn; Chen, Der-Yow; Aronova, Maria A.; Qian, Chunqi; Bouraoud, Nadia; Dodd, Stephen; Leapman, Richard D.; Koretsky, Alan P.

    2014-01-01

    Manganese-block copolymer complexes (MnBCs) that contain paramagnetic Mn ions complexed with ionic-nonionic poly(ethylene oxide-b-poly(methacrylate) have been developed for use as a T1-weighted MRI contrast agent. By encasing Mn ion within ionized polymer matrices, r1 values could be increased by 250–350 % in comparison with free Mn ion at relative high fields of 4.7 to 11.7 T. MnBCs were further manipulated by treatment with NaOH to achieve more stable complexes (iMnBCs). iMnBCs delayed release of Mn2+ which could be accelerated by low pH, indeed by cellular uptake via endocytosis into acidic compartments. Both complexes exhibited good T1 contrast signal enhancement in liver following intravenous infusion. The contrast was observed in gallbladder due to the clearance of Mn ion from liver to biliary process. iMnBCs, notably, showed a delayed contrast enhancement profile in gallbladder, which was interpreted to be due to degradation and excretion of Mn2+ ions into the gallbladder. Intracortical injection of iMnBCs into the rat brain also led to delayed neuronal transport to thalamus. The delayed enhancement feature may have benefits for targeting MRI contrast to specific cells and surface receptors that are known to be internalized by endocytosis. PMID:25364506

  11. Effects of thermal fluctuations and block copolymers compositions on defects in directed self-assembly hole shrink process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fukawatase, Ken; Yoshimoto, Kenji; Ohshima, Masahiro

    2015-06-01

    We investigated the two critical defects on the directed self-assembly hole shrink process, i.e., polystyrene (PS) residue and placement error, by performing dynamic simulations with the Ohta–Kawasaki model. In the simulations, the thermal noise was added to generate stochastic variations in shape and location of the poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) cylindrical domains. For the PS residue issue, we found that the volume fraction of the PMMA minor block, fPMMA, was an effective parameter, and that the PS residue could be minimized by increasing fPMMA from a conventional value of 0.30 to 0.40. On the other hand, the placement error of the PMMA cylindrical domain was affected little by the change in shape and size of the guide hole and by the connectivity to the guide bottom wall. It is speculated that the interfacial stiffness between the PMMA and PS domains would be essential to control the placement error of the PMMA cylindrical domains.

  12. Solution processable colloidal nanoplates as building blocks for high-performance electronic thin films on flexible substrates.

    PubMed

    Lin, Zhaoyang; Chen, Yu; Yin, Anxiang; He, Qiyuan; Huang, Xiaoqing; Xu, Yuxi; Liu, Yuan; Zhong, Xing; Huang, Yu; Duan, Xiangfeng

    2014-11-12

    Low-temperature solution-processed electronic materials on plastic substrates are of considerable interest for flexible electronics. Solution dispersible inorganic nanostructures (e.g., zero-dimensional (0D) quantum dots or one-dimensional (1D) nanowires) have emerged as interesting ink materials for low-temperature solution processing of electronic thin films on flexible substrates, but usually with limited performance due to the large number of grain boundaries (0D) or incomplete surface coverage (1D). Here, we report two-dimensional (2D) colloidal nanoplates of layered materials as a new ink material for solution assembly of high-performance electronic thin films. The 2D colloidal nanoplates exhibit few dangling bonds and represent an ideal geometry for the assembly of highly uniform continuous thin films with greatly reduced grain boundaries dictated by large-area conformal plane-plane contact with atomically flat/clean interfaces. It can therefore promise efficient charge transport across neighboring nanoplates and throughout the entire thin film to enable unprecedented electronic performance. We show that Bi2Se3 and Bi2Te3 nanoplates can be synthesized with well-controlled thickness (6-15 nm) and lateral dimension (0.5-3 ?m) and can be used for the assembly of highly uniform continuous thin films with a full surface coverage and an excellent room temperature carrier mobility >100 cm(2)·V(-1)·s(-1), approaching that of chemical vapor deposition grown materials. Our study demonstrates a general strategy to using 2D nanoplates as a unique building block for the construction of high-performance electronic thin films on plastic substrates for future flexible electronics and optoelectronics. PMID:25343683

  13. Molecular dynamics of an epoxy resin modified with an epoxidized poly(styrene–butadiene) linear block copolymer during cure and microphase separation processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    E. Serrano; G. Kortaberria; P. Arruti; A. Tercjak; I. Mondragon

    2009-01-01

    Molecular dynamics of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA) epoxy resin modified with an epoxidized poly(styrene-b-butadiene) (SepB) linear block copolymer has been monitored during cure and microphase separation process by dielectric relaxation spectroscopy (DRS) for wide frequency and temperature ranges. Different primary and secondary relaxation processes have been analyzed for neat components and ternary mixture. Relaxational behaviour has been modelled

  14. An analytical approximation for the macroscopic fundamental diagram of urban traffic

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley, University of

    An analytical approximation for the macroscopic fundamental diagram of urban traffic Carlos F approximation for the macroscopic fundamental diagram of urban traffic Carlos F. Daganzo1* and Nikolas fundamental diagram (MFD) relating flow and average density must exist on any street with blocks of diverse

  15. Transfer function verification and block diagram simplification of a very high-order distributed pole closed-loop servo by means of non-linear time-response simulation

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mukhopadhyay, A. K.

    1975-01-01

    Linear frequency domain methods are inadequate in analyzing the 1975 Viking Orbiter (VO75) digital tape recorder servo due to dominant nonlinear effects such as servo signal limiting, unidirectional servo control, and static/dynamic Coulomb friction. The frequency loop (speed control) servo of the VO75 tape recorder is used to illustrate the analytical tools and methodology of system redundancy elimination and high order transfer function verification. The paper compares time-domain performance parameters derived from a series of nonlinear time responses with the available experimental data in order to select the best possible analytical transfer function representation of the tape transport (mechanical segment of the tape recorder) from several possible candidates. The study also shows how an analytical time-response simulation taking into account most system nonlinearities can pinpoint system redundancy and overdesign stemming from a strictly empirical design approach. System order reduction is achieved through truncation of individual transfer functions and elimination of redundant blocks.

  16. Pseudohaptic interaction with knot diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Weng, Jianguang; Zhang, Hui

    2012-07-01

    To make progress in understanding knot theory, we need to interact with the projected representations of mathematical knots, which are continuous in three dimensions (3-D) but significantly interrupted in the projective images. One way to achieve such a goal is to design an interactive system that allows us to sketch two-dimensional (2-D) knot diagrams by taking advantage of a collision-sensing controller and explore their underlying smooth structures through a continuous motion. Recent advances of interaction techniques have been made that allow progress in this direction. Pseudohaptics that simulate haptic effects using pure visual feedback can be used to develop such an interactive system. We outline one such pseudohaptic knot diagram interface. Our interface derives from the familiar pencil-and-paper process of drawing 2-D knot diagrams and provides haptic-like sensations to facilitate the creation and exploration of knot diagrams. A centerpiece of the interaction model simulates a physically reactive mouse cursor, which is exploited to resolve the apparent conflict between the continuous structure of the actual smooth knot and the visual discontinuities in the knot diagram representation. Another value in exploiting pseudohaptics is that an acceleration (or deceleration) of the mouse cursor (or surface locator) can be used to indicate the slope of the curve (or surface) of which the projective image is being explored. By exploiting these additional visual cues, we proceed to a full-featured extension to a pseudohaptic four-dimensional (4-D) visualization system that simulates the continuous navigation on 4-D objects and allows us to sense the bumps and holes in the fourth dimension. Preliminary tests of the software show that main features of the interface overcome some expected perceptual limitations in our interaction with 2-D knot diagrams of 3-D knots and 3-D projective images of 4-D mathematical objects.

  17. Ionic Blocks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sevcik, Richard S.; Gamble, Rex; Martinez, Elizabet; Schultz, Linda D.; Alexander, Susan V.

    2008-01-01

    "Ionic Blocks" is a teaching tool designed to help middle school students visualize the concepts of ions, ionic compounds, and stoichiometry. It can also assist high school students in reviewing their subject mastery. Three dimensional blocks are used to represent cations and anions, with color indicating charge (positive or negative) and size…

  18. Great Plains Gasification Project process stream design data. Final report

    SciTech Connect

    Honea, F.I.

    1985-09-01

    The Great Plains Coal Gasification Plant (GPGP) in the first commercial coal-to-SNG synthetic fuel plant constructed and operated in the United States. This process stream design data report provides non-proprietary information to the public on the major GPGP process streams. The report includes a simplified plant process block flow diagram, process input/output diagrams and stream design data sheets for 161 major GPGP process and effluent streams. This stream design data provides an important base for evaluation of plant and process performance and for verification of the DOE ASPEN computer simulation models of the GPGP processes. 8 refs.

  19. Venn Diagram Shape Sorter

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-01-01

    In this activity, students practice placing big and small shapes into Venn diagrams depending on the rules of the diagram. Students can either specify these rules or have the applet assign the rules so they can try to figure them out by placing shapes in the diagram. This activity allows students to explore Venn diagrams and the terms associated with set theory. This activity includes supplemental materials, including background information about the topics covered, a description of how to use the application, and exploration questions for use with the java applet.

  20. A Feynman diagram analyzer DIANA: recent development

    E-print Network

    M. Tentyukov; J. Fleischer

    2002-10-11

    New developments concerning the extension of the Feynman diagram analyzer DIANA are presented. We discuss new graphic facilities, application of DIANA to processes with Majorana fermions and different approaches to automation of momenta distribution.

  1. Dinosaur Extinction: Causal Loop Diagram of Earth Feedback System

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dewey M. McLean

    This site features a causal loop diagram from system dynamics methodology showing the solar-earth-space energy flow system (the dominant flow system driving earth's surficial systems, including the biosphere) and interactive natural earthly processes that influence it. Also included is a discussion of the diagram, and a link to a page that explains how to read causal loop diagrams.

  2. Onland signatures of the Palawan microcontinental block and Philippine mobile belt collision and crustal growth process: A review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Graciano P. Yumul; Carla B. Dimalanta; Edanjarlo J. Marquez; Karlo L. Queaño

    2009-01-01

    The collision of the Palawan microcontinental block with the Philippine mobile belt had significantly influenced the geological evolution of the Philippines. Multiple collisions involving several fragments, through space and time, resulted into the collage of terranes of varying origin exposed in this part of central Philippines. Cusping of the overriding plate, volcanic arc gap, ophiolite emplacement, incipient back-arc rifting, island

  3. Algorithmic phase diagrams

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hockney, Roger

    1987-01-01

    Algorithmic phase diagrams are a neat and compact representation of the results of comparing the execution time of several algorithms for the solution of the same problem. As an example, the recent results are shown of Gannon and Van Rosendale on the solution of multiple tridiagonal systems of equations in the form of such diagrams. The act of preparing these diagrams has revealed an unexpectedly complex relationship between the best algorithm and the number and size of the tridiagonal systems, which was not evident from the algebraic formulae in the original paper. Even so, for a particular computer, one diagram suffices to predict the best algorithm for all problems that are likely to be encountered the prediction being read directly from the diagram without complex calculation.

  4. Endpoint-based parallel data processing with non-blocking collective instructions in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOEpatents

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Cernohous, Bob R; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2014-11-11

    Endpoint-based parallel data processing with non-blocking collective instructions in a PAMI of a parallel computer is disclosed. The PAMI is composed of data communications endpoints, each including a specification of data communications parameters for a thread of execution on a compute node, including specifications of a client, a context, and a task. The compute nodes are coupled for data communications through the PAMI. The parallel application establishes a data communications geometry specifying a set of endpoints that are used in collective operations of the PAMI by associating with the geometry a list of collective algorithms valid for use with the endpoints of the geometry; registering in each endpoint in the geometry a dispatch callback function for a collective operation; and executing without blocking, through a single one of the endpoints in the geometry, an instruction for the collective operation.

  5. Endpoint-based parallel data processing with non-blocking collective instructions in a parallel active messaging interface of a parallel computer

    DOEpatents

    Archer, Charles J; Blocksome, Michael A; Cernohous, Bob R; Ratterman, Joseph D; Smith, Brian E

    2014-11-18

    Methods, apparatuses, and computer program products for endpoint-based parallel data processing with non-blocking collective instructions in a parallel active messaging interface (`PAMI`) of a parallel computer are provided. Embodiments include establishing by a parallel application a data communications geometry, the geometry specifying a set of endpoints that are used in collective operations of the PAMI, including associating with the geometry a list of collective algorithms valid for use with the endpoints of the geometry. Embodiments also include registering in each endpoint in the geometry a dispatch callback function for a collective operation and executing without blocking, through a single one of the endpoints in the geometry, an instruction for the collective operation.

  6. The geometry of polynomial diagrams

    E-print Network

    Maksim Alennikov

    2015-02-18

    In this paper we introduce the concept of polynomial diagrams and its area for special polynomials.We study the properties of polynomial area diagrams. The formula for the area of an arbitrary polynomial diagram.

  7. Neuromuscular block

    PubMed Central

    Bowman, W C

    2006-01-01

    Descriptions of the South American arrow poisons known as curares were reported by explorers in the 16th century, and their site of action in producing neuromuscular block was determined by Claude Bernard in the mid-19th century. Tubocurarine, the most important curare alkaloid, played a large part in experiments to determine the role of acetylcholine in neuromuscular transmission, but it was not until after 1943 that neuromuscular blocking drugs became established as muscle relaxants for use during surgical anaesthesia. Tubocurarine causes a number of unwanted effects, and there have been many attempts to replace it. The available drugs fall into two main categories: the depolarising blocking drugs and the nondepolarising blocking drugs. The former act by complex mixed actions and are now obsolete with the exception of suxamethonium, the rapid onset and brief duration of action of which remain useful for intubation at the start of surgical anaesthesia. The nondepolarising blocking drugs are reversible acetylcholine receptor antagonists. The main ones are the atracurium group, which possess a built-in self-destruct mechanism that makes them especially useful in kidney or liver failure, and the vecuronium group, which are especially free from unwanted side effects. Of this latter group, the compound rocuronium is of especial interest because its rapid onset of action allows it to be used for intubation, and there is promise that its duration of action may be rapidly terminated by a novel antagonist, a particular cyclodextrin, that chelates the drug, thereby removing it from the acetylcholine receptors. PMID:16402115

  8. Bode Diagrams of Transfer Functions and Impedances

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. W. Erickson

    In the design of a signal processing network, control system, or other analog system, it is usually necessary to work with frequency-dependent transfer functions and impedances, and to construct Bode diagrams. The Bode diagram is a log-log plot of the magnitude and phase of an impedance, transfer function, or other frequency-dependent complex-valued quantity, as a function of the frequency of

  9. Effects of Block Length and Membrane Processing Conditions on the Morphology and Properties of Perfluorosulfonated Poly(arylene ether sulfone) Multiblock Copolymer Membranes for PEMFC.

    PubMed

    Assumma, Luca; Nguyen, Huu-Dat; Iojoiu, Cristina; Lyonnard, Sandrine; Mercier, Régis; Espuche, Eliane

    2015-07-01

    Perfluorosulfonated poly(arylene ether sulfone) multiblock copolymers have been shown to be promising as proton exchange membranes. The commonly used approach for preparation of the membrane is solvent casting; the properties of the resulting membranes are very dependent on the membrane processing conditions. In this paper, we study the effects of block length, selectivity of the solvent, and thermal treatment on the membrane properties such as morphology, water uptake, and ionic conductivity. DiMethylSulfOxide (DMSO), and DiMethylAcetamide (DMAc) were selected as casting solvents based on the Flory-Huggins parameter calculated by inversion gas chromatography (IGC). It was found that the solvent selectivity has a mild impact on the mean size of the ionic domains and the expansion upon swelling, while it dramatically affects the supramolecular ordering of the blocks. The membranes cast from DMSO exhibit more interconnected ionic clusters yielding higher conductivities and water uptake as compared to membranes cast from DMAc. A 10-fold increase in proton conductivity was achieved after thermal annealing of membranes at 150 °C, and the ionomers with longer block lengths show conductivities similar to Nafion at 80 °C and low relative humidity (30%). PMID:26036143

  10. Great Plains Gasification Project process stream design data. [Lurgi Process

    SciTech Connect

    Honea, F.I.

    1985-09-01

    The Great Plains Coal Gasification Plant (GPGP) is the first commercial coal-to-synthetic natural gas plant constructed and operated in the United States. This process stream design data report provides non-proprietary information to the public on the major GPGP process streams. The report includes a simplified plant process block flow diagram, process input/output diagrams, and stream design data sheets for 161 major GPGP process and effluent streams. This stream design data provides an important base for evaluation of plant and process performance and for verification of the Department of Energy's ASPEN (Advanced System for Process Engineering) computer simulation models of the GPGP processes. 8 refs., 22 figs., 2 tabs.

  11. Effects of temperature, packaging and electron beam irradiation processing conditions on the property behaviour of Poly (ether-block-amide) blends.

    PubMed

    Murray, Kieran A; Kennedy, James E; McEvoy, Brian; Vrain, Olivier; Ryan, Damien; Cowman, Richard; Higginbotham, Clement L

    2014-06-01

    The radiation stability of Poly (ether-block-amide) (PEBA) blended with a multifunctional phenolic antioxidant and a hindered amide light stabiliser was examined under various temperatures, packaging and electron beam processing conditions. FTIR revealed that there were slight alterations to the PEBA before irradiation; however, these became more pronounced following irradiation. The effect of varying the temperature, packaging and processing conditions on the resultant PEBA properties was apparent. For example, rheology demonstrated that the structural properties could be enhanced by manipulating the aforementioned criteria. Mechanical testing exhibited less radiation resistance when the PEBA samples were vacuum packed and exposed to irradiation. MFI and AFM confirmed that the melting strength and surface topography could be reduced/increased depending on the conditions employed. From this study it was concluded that virgin PEBA submerged in dry ice with non-vacuum packaging during the irradiation process, provided excellent radiation resistance (20.9% improvement) in contrast to the traditional method. PMID:24863239

  12. Standard services for the capture, processing, and distribution of packetized telemetry data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stallings, William H.

    1989-01-01

    Standard functional services for the capture, processing, and distribution of packetized data are discussed with particular reference to the future implementation of packet processing systems, such as those for the Space Station Freedom. The major functions are listed under the following major categories: input processing, packet processing, and output processing. A functional block diagram of a packet data processing facility is presented, showing the distribution of the various processing functions as well as the primary data flow through the facility.

  13. Superalloy Lattice Block Structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Whittenberger, J. D.; Nathal, M. V.; Hebsur, M. G.; Kraus, D. L.

    2003-01-01

    In their simplest form, lattice block panels are produced by direct casting and result in lightweight, fully triangulated truss-like configurations which provide strength and stiffness [2]. The earliest realizations of lattice block were made from A1 and steels, primarily under funding from the US Navy [3]. This work also showed that the mechanical efficiency (eg., specific stiffness) of lattice block structures approached that of honeycomb structures [2]. The lattice architectures are also less anisotropic, and the investment casting route should provide a large advantage in cost and temperature capability over honeycombs which are limited to alloys that can be processed into foils. Based on this early work, a program was initiated to determine the feasibility of extending the high temperature superalloy lattice block [3]. The objective of this effort was to provide an alternative to intermetallics and composites in achieving a lightweight high temperature structure without sacrificing the damage tolerance and moderate cost inherent in superalloys. To establish the feasibility of the superalloy lattice block concept, work was performed in conjunction with JAMCORP, Inc. Billerica, MA, to produce a number of lattice block panels from both IN71 8 and Mar-M247.

  14. PS-b-PHOST as a high ? block copolymers for directed self assembly: optimization of underlayer and solvent anneal processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jarnagin, Nathan D.; Yeh, Wei-Ming; Cheng, Jing; Peters, Andrew; Lawson, Richard A.; Tolbert, Laren M.; Henderson, Clifford L.

    2013-03-01

    Directed self-assembly (DSA) of block copolymers (BCP) could enable high resolution patterning beyond the capabilities of current optical lithography methods via pitch multiplication from lower resolution primary lithographic patterns. For example, DSA could enable dense feature production with pitches less than 80 nm from patterns generated using 193 nm exposure tools without the need for double patterning or other schemes. According to theory, microphase separation of diblock copolymers occurs when the critical condition that ?N>10.5 is met while the pitch of the resulting polymer features scale as ~N2/3, where ? is the Flory Huggins interaction parameter and N is the total degree of polymerization for the diblock copolymer. In order to generate patterns with smaller pitches, N must be decreased while maintaining a ?N>10.5 to allow for phase separation. This requires utilization of polymers with higher ? values as N is decreased. Current materials, such as PS-b-PMMA, exhibit a relatively low ? value of ~0.04, which limits the practical pitch of DSA line-space patterns produced using PS-b-PMMA to approximately 20 nm. In this paper, we investigate alternative materials, namely poly(styrene)-b-poly(hydroxystyrene) (PS-b-PHOST), which exhibits a high ? value via hydrogen bonding interactions that can allow for production of sub-20nm pitch DSA patterns. In order to utilize any diblock copolymer for DSA, a neutral underlayer and a method for annealing the block copolymer are required. Here, a random copolymer, poly(styrene-co-hydroxystyrene-co-glycidyl methacrylate), is developed and reported for use as a neutral underlayer for PS-b-PHOST. Furthermore, a solvent annealing method for PS-b-PHOST is developed and optimized using ethyl acetate to allow for uniform microphase separation of PS-b-PHOST.

  15. Block Copolymers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ludwik Leibler

    2008-01-01

    In 1969 (Rep. Prog. Phys. 32, 187(1969)) de Gennes proposed a simple way to understand and describe mesophase organization of block copolymers in what we now call the strong segregation limit. The following year he showed how self-consistent methods due to Edwards can be applied to understand subtle correlation effects in polymer melts (J. Physique 31, 235(1970)) and established theoretical

  16. Formation of sub-7 nm feature size PS-b-P4VP block copolymer structures by solvent vapour process

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chaudhari, Atul; Ghoshal, Tandra; Shaw, Matthew T.; Cummins, Cian; Borah, Dipu; Holmes, Justin D.; Morris, Michael A.

    2014-03-01

    The nanometer range structure produced by thin films of diblock copolymers makes them a great of interest as templates for the microelectronics industry. We investigated the effect of annealing solvents and/or mixture of the solvents in case of symmetric Poly (styrene-block-4vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) diblock copolymer to get the desired line patterns. In this paper, we used different molecular weights PS-b-P4VP to demonstrate the scalability of such high ? BCP system which requires precise fine-tuning of interfacial energies achieved by surface treatment and that improves the wetting property, ordering, and minimizes defect densities. Bare Silicon Substrates were also modified with polystyrene brush and ethylene glycol self-assembled monolayer in a simple quick reproducible way. Also, a novel and simple in situ hard mask technique was used to generate sub-7nm Iron oxide nanowires with a high aspect ratio on Silicon substrate, which can be used to develop silicon nanowires post pattern transfer.

  17. Onland signatures of the Palawan microcontinental block and Philippine mobile belt collision and crustal growth process: A review

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yumul, Graciano P., Jr.; Dimalanta, Carla B.; Marquez, Edanjarlo J.; Queaño, Karlo L.

    2009-05-01

    The collision of the Palawan microcontinental block with the Philippine mobile belt had significantly influenced the geological evolution of the Philippines. Multiple collisions involving several fragments, through space and time, resulted into the collage of terranes of varying origin exposed in this part of central Philippines. Cusping of the overriding plate, volcanic arc gap, ophiolite emplacement, incipient back-arc rifting, island rotation and tilting, raised coastal terraces, metamorphism, intrusion of igneous rocks and steepened subducted slab as seen in focal mechanism solutions are some of the manifestations of this collision. A late Early Miocene to early Middle Miocene age (20-16 Ma) is proposed for the major collision between the Palawan indenter and the Philippine mobile belt. The collision boundary is located from the northern part of Mindoro through the central mountain range swinging east of Sibuyan Island in the Romblon Island Group and finally threading along the Buruanga Peninsula and eastern side of the Antique Ophiolite Complex before exiting and connecting with the Negros Trench. The collision, through accretion and crustal thickening, has contributed to the crustal growth of the Philippine archipelago.

  18. 17. (MICROFILM ORIGINAL): WISCONSIN STATE HIGHWAY COMMISSION DIAGRAM M374. 'STEEL ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    17. (MICROFILM ORIGINAL): WISCONSIN STATE HIGHWAY COMMISSION DIAGRAM M374. 'STEEL HIGHWAY BRIDGE WITH WOOD BLOCK FLOOR. 8-26-14.' - Hemlock Bridge, Spanning Black River on Warner Drive, Greenwood, Clark County, WI

  19. Suppression of the four-wave-mixing background noise in a quantum memory retrieval process by channel blocking

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Kai; Guo, Jinxian; Chen, L. Q.; Yuan, Chunhua; Ou, Z. Y.; Zhang, Weiping

    2014-09-01

    In a quantum memory scheme with the Raman process, the read process encounters noise from four-wave mixing (FWM), which can destroy the nonclassical properties of the generated quantum fields. Here we demonstrate experimentally that the noise from FWM can be greatly suppressed by simply reducing the FWM transition channels with a circularly polarized read beam while at the same time retaining relatively high retrieval efficiency.

  20. Voronoi Diagrams Delaunay Triangulations

    E-print Network

    Kazhdan, Michael

    Voronoi Diagrams and Delaunay Triangulations O'Rourke, Chapter 5 #12;Lloyd's Algorithm (Uniform,1 2 where , = min | - |. #12;Lloyd's Algorithm (Uniform) Approach: 1. Initialize the points;Lloyd's Algorithm (Uniform) #12;Largest Empty Circle Claim: The largest empty (interior) circle within

  1. Alloy phase diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. H. Bennett; B. C. Giessen; T. B. Massalski

    1984-01-01

    These proceedings collect papers presented at a symposium on alloy phase diagrams. Topics include: Crystal phase transformations; order-disorder transformations; crystal lattices; metallic glasses; metastable states; solubility; binary alloy systems; and alloys of iron, tantalum, silicon, aluminum, germanium, palladium, copper, and nickel.

  2. Venn Diagrams and Logic

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2011-01-04

    This math lesson from Illuminations uses Venn diagrams to illustrate direct, indirect and transitive reasoning. Students will learn the definitions of direct, indirect and transitive reasoning and give examples of each. Several student activity sheets are included. The material is intended for grades 9-12 and should require 2 and a half class periods to complete.

  3. Stage line diagram: an age-conditional reference diagram for tracking development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stef van Buuren; Jeroen C. L. Ooms

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a method for calculating stage line diagrams, a novel type of reference diagram\\u000auseful for tracking developmental processes over time. Potential fields of applications include: dentistry\\u000a(tooth eruption), oncology (tumor grading, cancer staging), virology (HIV infection and disease staging),\\u000apsychology (stages of cognitive development), human development (pubertal stages) and chronic diseases\\u000a(stages of dementia). Transition probabilities between

  4. Two-Position Discontinuous Temperature Control in Electric Space Heating and Cooling Processes I - The Control System

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. K. Roots; J. M. Nightingale

    1964-01-01

    The simplest forms of 2-position discontinuous temperature control systems for the electric space heating-cooling process are described. Simple and complex forms of the controlled process are represented by block diagrams. It is shown that secondary feedback can compensate for a control element's nonlinearities. The secondary feedback conditions for optimum compensation, and the effects of overcompensation, are discussed. An actuating signal

  5. Modeling Yin-Yang balance in tai-chi diagram with a melting-freezing rotating device part 3 — The contemporary tai-chi diagram, the yuan-chi diagram and the Fu Xi's eight trigrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Sui; Chen, Tzu-Fang

    2002-11-01

    The physical model describing the Yin-Yang balance in the tai-chi diagram via the melting and freezing processes in a rotating device presented in parts 1 and 2 is further developed for the contemporary tai-chi diagram and in the yuan-chi diagram. The contemporary tai-chi diagram shown in Fig.1 is a simplification form of the ancient tai-chi diagram presented in Reference [2]. There are two semi-circles forming the interface curve between the yin and yang in the contemporary tai-chi diagram. By knowing the location of the interface between the yin and yang in the contemporary tai-chi diagram, the requirement for the simulation model is to find the condition to match the interface location. The simplification changes not only the structure but also the physical insight of the ancient tai-chi diagram, which will be described in the present study. The yuan-chi diagram shown in Fig.2 is the combination of the Master Chen’s tai-chi diagram presented in References [1,2] and the contemporary tai-chi diagram. The formulation of the yuan-chi diagram is similar to that of contemporary tai-chi diagram. The Fu Xi’s eight trigrams present three levels of yin-yang relation that are a natural result from the contemporary tai-chi diagram, which will be described in the last part of this study.

  6. On web diagrams Jun Murakami

    E-print Network

    On web diagrams Jun Murakami Department of Mathematics, Graduate School of Science, Osaka­ tive invariant is defined in the space of web diagrams, and it includes the Casson­ Walker invariant of the mapping class groups. (cf. [9], [10]) 2. Web space 2.1. Web diagram. To explain the universal perturbative

  7. Energy Diagram Explorer

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Zollman, Dean

    This resource illustrates classical energy diagrams for 1D motion. It simulates an experiment where the energy of a cart with a magnet can be changed by putting magnets along a track. The resultant potential and kinetic energy are shown, along with the motion of the cart. The positions and polarities of the track magnets, and the position, total energy, mass, and friction of the cart can all be changed.

  8. On multilevel block modulation codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kasami, Tadao; Takata, Toyoo; Fujiwara, Toru; Lin, Shu

    1991-01-01

    The multilevel (ML) technique for combining block coding and modulation is investigated. A general formulation is presented for ML modulation codes in terms of component codes with appropriate distance measures. A specific method for constructing ML block modulation codes (MLBMCs) with interdependency among component codes is proposed. Given an MLBMC C with no interdependency among the binary component codes, the proposed method gives an MLBC C-prime that has the same rate as C, a minimum squared Euclidean distance not less than that of C, a trellis diagram with the same number of states as that of C, and a smaller number of nearest-neighbor codewords than that of C. Finally, a technique is presented for analyzing the error performance of MLBMCs for an additive white Gaussian noise channel based on soft-decision maximum-likelihood decoding.

  9. Improved gridded wind forecasts with statistical post-processing of numerical models with functional and/or block regressions

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zamo, Michael; Bel, Liliane; Mestre, Olivier

    2015-04-01

    Numerical weather forecasts' errors are routinely improved through statistical post-processing by several national weather services. These statistical post-processing methods build a regression function called model output statistics (MOS) between observations and forecasts based on an archive of past forecasts and corresponding observations. Since observations are usually available only for meteorological stations, the improved forecasts are generally available only at the locatiosn of those meterological stations. This may prove insufficient for forecasters or forecast users, who increasingly ask gridded improved forecasts. We present our work in building improved forecasts on the grid of a model for wind in the boundary layer. First we introduce our method to build a new analysis of wind measurements which is used as gridded pseudo-observations. We show how this new analysis performs better than existing ones. Then we build and compare several regression methods based on scalar or functional statistics. In order to reduce the computational burden and improve the quality of the regression each regression function is built by pooling together data from small geographical domains. We study the impact of the domain size on the quality of the final forecast. The performance of the best improved forecast is studied.

  10. The mycotoxin penicillic acid inhibits Fas ligand-induced apoptosis by blocking self-processing of caspase-8 in death-inducing signaling complex.

    PubMed

    Bando, Masashige; Hasegawa, Makoto; Tsuboi, Yasunori; Miyake, Yasunobu; Shiina, Masashi; Ito, Mika; Handa, Hiroshi; Nagai, Kazuo; Kataoka, Takao

    2003-02-21

    Upon engagement with Fas ligand (FasL), Fas rapidly induces recruitment and self-processing of caspase-8 via the adaptor protein Fas-associated death domain (FADD), and activated caspase-8 cleaves downstream substrates such as caspase-3. We have found that penicillic acid (PCA) inhibits FasL-induced apoptosis and concomitant loss of cell viability in Burkitt's lymphoma Raji cells. PCA prevented activation of caspase-8 and caspase-3 upon treatment with FasL. However, PCA did not affect active caspase-3 in FasL-treated cells, suggesting that PCA primarily blocks early signaling events upstream of caspase-8 activation. FasL-induced processing of caspase-8 was severely impaired in the death-inducing signaling complex, although FasL-induced recruitment of FADD and caspase-8 occurred normally in PCA-treated cells. Although PCA inhibited the enzymatic activities of active recombinant caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 at similar concentrations, PCA exerted weak inhibitory effects on activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 in staurosporine-treated cells but strongly inhibited caspase-8 activation in FasL-treated cells. Glutathione and cysteine neutralized an inhibitory effect of PCA on caspase-8, and PCA bound directly to the active center cysteine in the large subunit of caspase-8. Thus, our present results demonstrate that PCA inhibits FasL-induced apoptosis by targeting self-processing of caspase-8. PMID:12482880

  11. Computerized version of the summary of binary phase diagrams

    SciTech Connect

    Selle, J.E.

    1984-03-10

    A number of years ago, in an attempt to simplify the process of presenting Binary phase diagram information, a wall chart Summary of Binary Phase Diagrams was developed. With this wall chart, one could rapidly search through the diagrams available for a given element and select only those diagrams displaying certain features. With the advent of computers and more specifically the desk top computer, conversion of the data on the wall chart to a computerized format has become practical. This conversion has now been accomplished, and the purpose of this report is to present the data in this format, describe the method used, and try to explain some uses of this type system.

  12. Parallel Computation of Feynman diagrams with DIANA

    E-print Network

    M. Tentyukov; J. Fleischer

    2003-11-09

    Co-operation of the Feynman DIagram ANAlyzer (DIANA) with the underlying operational system (UNIX) is presented. We discuss operators to run external commands and a recent development of parallel processing facilities and an extension in the spirit of a component model.

  13. Phase diagrams of two-lane driven diffusive systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. R. Evans; Y. Kafri; K. E. P. Sugden; J. Tailleur

    2011-01-01

    We consider a large class of two-lane driven diffusive systems in contact with reservoirs at their boundaries and develop a stability analysis of mean-field profiles as a method to derive the phase diagrams of such systems. We illustrate the method by deriving phase diagrams for the asymmetric exclusion process coupled to various second lanes: a diffusive lane, an asymmetric exclusion

  14. Diagramming Word Problems: A Strategic Approach for Instruction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Garderen, Delinda; Scheuermann, Amy M.

    2015-01-01

    While often recommended as a strategy to use in order to solve word problems, drawing a diagram is a complex process that requires a good depth of understanding. Many middle school students with learning disabilities (LD) often struggle to use diagrams in an effective and efficient manner. This article presents information for teaching middle…

  15. Campbell diagrams of weakly anisotropic flexible rotors

    E-print Network

    Oleg N. Kirillov

    2009-06-09

    We consider an axi-symmetric rotor perturbed by dissipative, conservative, and non-conservative positional forces originated at the contact with the anisotropic stator. The Campbell diagram of the unperturbed system is a mesh-like structure in the frequency-speed plane with double eigenfrequencies at the nodes. The diagram is convenient for the analysis of the traveling waves in the rotating elastic continuum. Computing sensitivities of the doublets we find that at every particular node the untwisting of the mesh into the branches of complex eigenvalues in the first approximation is generically determined by only four 2x2 sub-blocks of the perturbing matrix. Selection of the unstable modes that cause self-excited vibrations in the subcritical speed range, is governed by the exceptional points at the corners of the singular eigenvalue surfaces--`double coffee filter' and `viaduct'--which are associated with the crossings of the unperturbed Campbell diagram with the definite Krein signature. The singularities connect the problems of wave propagation in the rotating continua with that of electromagnetic and acoustic wave propagation in non-rotating anisotropic chiral media. As mechanical examples a model of a rotating shaft with two degrees of freedom and a continuous model of a rotating circular string passing through the eyelet are studied in detail.

  16. Dynamic tactile diagram simplification on refreshable displays.

    PubMed

    Rastogi, Ravi; Pawluk, Dianne T V

    2013-01-01

    The increasing use of visual diagrams in educational and work environments, and even our daily lives, has created obstacles for individuals who are blind or visually impaired to independently access the information they represent. Although physical tactile pictures can be created to convey the visual information, it is typically a slow, cumbersome, and costly process. Refreshable haptic displays, which interact with computers, promise to make this access quicker, easier, and cheaper. One important aspect in converting visual to tactile diagrams is to simplify the diagram as otherwise it can be too difficult to interpret with touch. Enabling this to be under user control in an interactive environment, such as with refreshable displays, could allow users to avoid being overwhelmed by the diagrams at any instant in time while still retaining access to all information in "storage". Through this article the authors investigate whether two types of diagram simplification--boundary simplification and contextual simplification--showed potential utility in an interactive environment. Boundary simplification was found to be significantly helpful in answering general questions about borders on a geographic map, and contextual simplification was helpful in answering relational questions, as compared to using the original map unchanged. PMID:23527429

  17. 155:415 Process Engineering I Fall 2011 Web Page: Sakai

    E-print Network

    on all lab computers. LabVIEW: This software is used for data acquisition in the laboratory and also has/Simulink: This is an interactive environment for system simulation and design. Utilizing a block diagram interface, it can be used to model, simulate, and analyze multidomain systems for process control and understand system dynamics

  18. Modified Block Letters

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mrs. Simonson

    2009-12-05

    Objective: Properly type a modified block style business letter. In your previous assignment, you created block style business letters. The letters, whether business or personal business, had all the content lined up on the left-hand side of the page. This is what made them block style. Today you are going to learn about modified block style letters. Modified block letters ...

  19. Warped penguin diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Csáki, Csaba; Grossman, Yuval; Tanedo, Philip; Tsai, Yuhsin

    2011-04-01

    We present an analysis of the loop-induced magnetic dipole operator in the Randall-Sundrum model of a warped extra dimension with anarchic bulk fermions and an IR brane-localized Higgs. These operators are finite at one-loop order and we explicitly calculate the branching ratio for ??e? using the mixed position/momentum space formalism. The particular bound on the anarchic Yukawa and Kaluza-Klein (KK) scales can depend on the flavor structure of the anarchic matrices. It is possible for a generic model to either be ruled out or unaffected by these bounds without any fine-tuning. We quantify how these models realize this surprising behavior. We also review tree-level lepton flavor bounds in these models and show that these are on the verge of tension with the ??e? bounds from typical models with a 3 TeV Kaluza-Klein scale. Further, we illuminate the nature of the one-loop finiteness of these diagrams and show how to accurately determine the degree of divergence of a five-dimensional loop diagram using both the five-dimensional and KK formalism. This power counting can be obfuscated in the four-dimensional Kaluza-Klein formalism and we explicitly point out subtleties that ensure that the two formalisms agree. Finally, we remark on the existence of a perturbative regime in which these one-loop results give the dominant contribution.

  20. Partial blocking and associative learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anton Benz

    2006-01-01

    We are going to explain partial blocking as the result of diachronic processes based on what we will call associative learning. Especially, we argue that the task posed by partial blocking phenomena is to explain their emergence from unambiguous and\\u000a fully expressive languages. This contrasts with approaches that presuppose underspecified semantic meanings or ineffability\\u000a like Bidirectional Optimality Theory (Bi–OT) and

  1. Diagram spaces and symmetric spectra

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steffen Sagave; Christian Schlichtkrull

    2011-01-01

    We present a general homotopical analysis of structured diagram spaces and discuss the relation to symmetric spectra. The main motivating examples are the I-spaces, which are diagrams indexed by finite sets and injections, and J-spaces, which are diagrams indexed by the Grayson-Quillen construction on the category of finite sets and bijections. We show that the category of I-spaces provides a

  2. Farthest line segment Voronoi diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Franz Aurenhammer; Robert L. Scot Drysdale; Hannes Krasser

    2006-01-01

    The farthest line segment Voronoi diagram shows properties different from both the closest-segment Voronoi diagram and the farthest-point Voronoi diagram. Surprisingly, this structure did not receive attention in the computational geometry literature. We analyze its combinatorial and topological properties and outline an O(nlogn) time construction algorithm that is easy to im- plement. No restrictions are placed upon the n input

  3. Metastable phases and phase diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Baricco; M. Palumbo; E. Bosco; L. Battezzati

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, the basic features of the novel field of the use of phase diagrams for the description of metastability will be outlined. Examples of experimental determination and calculation of metastable phase diagrams will be presented. In particular, metastable phase diagrams will be used to describe phase selection in cast iron (Fe-C) and stainless steels (Fe-Ni-Cr), showing the effect

  4. Generating function for web diagrams

    E-print Network

    A. A. Vladimirov

    2014-09-06

    We present the description of the exponentiated diagrams in terms of generating function within the universal diagrammatic technique. In particular, we show the exponentiation of the gauge theory amplitudes involving products of an arbitrary number of Wilson lines of arbitrary shapes, which generalizes the concept of web diagrams. The presented method gives a new viewpoint on the web diagrams and proves the non-Abelian exponentiation theorem.

  5. Types of Heart Block

    MedlinePLUS

    ... In first-degree heart block, the heart's electrical signals are slowed as they move from the atria ... Block In this type of heart block, electrical signals between the atria and ventricles are slowed to ...

  6. Residues in two homology blocks on the amino side of the tRNase Z His domain contribute unexpectedly to pre-tRNA 3' end processing.

    PubMed

    Zareen, Neela; Hopkinson, Angela; Levinger, Louis

    2006-06-01

    tRNase Z, which can endonucleolytically remove pre-tRNA 3'-end trailers, possesses the signature His domain (HxHxDH; Motif II) of the beta-lactamase family of metal-dependent hydrolases. Motif II combines with Motifs III-V on its carboxy side to coordinate two divalent metal ions, constituting the catalytic core. The PxKxRN loop and Motif I on the amino side of Motif II have been suggested to modulate tRNase Z activity, including the anti-determinant effect of CCA in mature tRNA. Ala walks through these two homology blocks reveal residues in which the substitutions unexpectedly reduce catalytic efficiency. While substitutions in Motif II can drastically affect k(cat) without affecting k(M), five- to 15-fold increases in k(M) are observed with substitutions in several conserved residues in the PxKxRN loop and Motif I. These increases in k(M) suggest a model for substrate binding. Expressed tRNase Z processes mature tRNA with CCA at the 3' end approximately 80 times less efficiently than a pre-tRNA possessing natural sequence of the 3'-end trailer, due to reduced k(cat) with no effect on k(M), showing the CCA anti-determinant to be a characteristic of this enzyme. PMID:16618969

  7. Diagonal Slices of 3D Young Diagrams in the Approach of Maya Diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cai, Li-Qiang; Wang, Li-Fang; Wu, Ke; Yang, Jie

    2014-09-01

    According to the correspondence between 2D Young diagrams and Maya diagrams and the relation between 2D and 3D Young diagrams, we construct 3D Young diagrams in the approach of Maya diagrams. Moreover, we formulate the generating function of 3D Young diagrams, which is the MacMahon function in terms of Maya diagrams.

  8. TOPICAL REVIEW: The Hopf algebra approach to Feynman diagram calculations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kurusch Ebrahimi-Fard; Dirk Kreimer

    2005-01-01

    The Hopf algebra structure underlying Feynman diagrams which governs the process of renormalization in perturbative quantum field theory is reviewed. Recent progress is briefly summarized with an emphasis on further directions of research.

  9. Formal Verification of UML Diagrams: A First Step Towards Code Generation

    E-print Network

    Baclawski, Kenneth B.

    Formal Verification of UML Diagrams: A First Step Towards Code Generation Jeffrey Smith1. UML diagrams can be used for code generation. Such code should carry the meaning embedded in a diagram process and example. Keywords - UML specification, formalization and translation, formal methods. 1

  10. Transient processes in Stromboli’s shallow basaltic system inferred from dolerite and magmatic breccia blocks erupted during the 5 April 2003 paroxysm

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alberto Renzulli; Stefano Del Moro; Michele Menna; Patrizia Landi; Marco Piermattei

    2009-01-01

    We describe the mineralogy, geochemistry, and mesomicrostructure of fresh subvolcanic blocks erupted during the 5 April 2003\\u000a paroxysm of Stromboli (Aeolian Islands, Italy). These blocks represent ?50 vol.% of the total erupted ejecta and consist of\\u000a fine- to medium-grained basaltic lithotypes ranging from relatively homogeneous dolerites to strongly or poorly welded magmatic\\u000a breccias. The breccia components are represented by angular fragments

  11. Potential-pH Diagrams.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barnum, Dennis W.

    1982-01-01

    Potential-pH diagrams show the domains of redoxpotential and pH in which major species are most stable. Constructing such diagrams provides students with opportunities to decide what species must be considered, search literature for equilibrium constants and free energies of formation, and practice in using the Nernst equation. (Author/JN)

  12. Physiology Flow-Diagram Models

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    PhD Sandra J Bruner (Polk Community College Biology)

    2005-10-04

    A set of physiology flow-diagrams for the cardiovascular system, cardiac auto-rhythmic cell, cardiac contractile cell, respiratory system, coagulation/hemostasis, digestive system, excretion, and autonomic nervous system. These flow-diagrams show cause-and-effect markup and have accompanying tutorials.

  13. Time Temperature Transformation (TTT) Diagrams

    E-print Network

    Cambridge, University of

    isothermal transformation diagram Definition: TTT diagrams give the kinetics of isothermal transformations. 2 measurement, dilatometry (Fig. 3), electrical resistivity method, magnetic permeability, in situ diffraction-temperature salt-bath for isothermal treatment. Fig. 1 : Salt bath I -austenitisation heat treatment. 4 #12;Fig . 3

  14. Atrioventricular block during fetal life

    PubMed Central

    Hunter, Lindsey E.; Simpson, John M.

    2014-01-01

    Congenital complete atrioventricular (AV) block occurs in approximately 1 in 20,000 live births and is known to result in significant mortality and morbidity both during fetal life and postnatally. Complete AV block can occur as a result of an immune or a non-immune mediated process. Immune mediated AV block is a multifactorial disease, but is associated with the trans-placental passage of maternal autoantibodies (anti-Ro/SSA and/or anti-La/SSB). These autoantibodies attach to and subsequently damage the cardiomyocytes and conduction tissue in susceptible fetuses. In this report, we examine the evidence in reference to means of assessment, pathophysiology, and potential prenatal therapy of atrioventricular block.

  15. Transformations of triangle ladder diagrams

    E-print Network

    Igor Kondrashuk; Alvaro Vergara

    2010-02-13

    It is shown how dual space diagrammatic representation of momentum integrals corresponding to triangle ladder diagrams with an arbitrary number of rungs can be transformed to half-diamonds. In paper arXiv:0803.3420 [hep-th] the half-diamonds were related by conformal integral substitution to the diamonds which represent the dual space image of four-point ladder integrals in the four-dimensional momentum space. Acting in the way described in the present paper we do not need to use the known result for diamond (four-point) diagrams as an external input in deriving relations of arXiv:0803.3420 [hep-th], however, that result for the diamond diagram arises in the present proof as an intermediate consequence in a step-by-step diagrammatic transformation from the triangle ladder diagram to the half-diamond diagrams.

  16. PRECONDITIONING BLOCK TOEPLITZ MATRICES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    THOMAS K. HUCKLE; DIMITRIOS NOUTSOS

    2007-01-01

    We investigate the spectral behavior of preconditioned block Toeplitz matrices with small non- Toeplitz blocks. These matrices have a quite different behavior than scalar or mulitlevel Toeplitz matrices. Based on the connection between Toeplitz and Hankel matrices we derive some negative results on eigenvalue clustering for ill-conditioned block Toeplitz matrices. Furthermore, we identify Block Toeplitz matrices that are easy to

  17. Angular Momentum Diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wormer, Paul E. S.; Paldus, Josef

    Starting from the simplest possible building blocks--a ket, a bra, a time-reversed ket, and a time-reversed bra--a diagrammatic formalism is developed for angular momentum coupling problems. The formalism comprises Clebsch-Gordan coefficients as well as 3jm-symbols. The idea of constructing invariants (internal lines) by contracting contragredient pairs of quantities is emphasized throughout. The Clebsch-Gordan series, and its extension to the coupling of more than two angular momenta, is introduced algebraically and diagrammatically. Recoupling between bases obtained in different coupling schemes is introduced and the connection between recoupling coefficients and irreducible 3nj-symbols is derived diagrammatically. The well-known diagrammatic rules due to Jucys and co-workers are derived by group theoretical means and simple rules for their practical exploitation are presented.

  18. Corner block list representation and its application to floorplan optimization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Xianlong Hong; Sheqin Dong; Gang Huang; Yici Cai; Chung-Kuan Cheng; Jun Gu

    2004-01-01

    We propose to use a corner block list (CBL) representation for mosaic floorplans. In a mosaic floorplan, each room has only one block assigned to it. Thus, there is a unique corner room on the top right corner of the chip. Corner block deletion and corner block insertion keep the floorplan mosaic. Through a recursive deletion process, a mosaic floorplan

  19. Particles, Feynman Diagrams and All That

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Daniel, Michael

    2006-01-01

    Quantum fields are introduced in order to give students an accurate qualitative understanding of the origin of Feynman diagrams as representations of particle interactions. Elementary diagrams are combined to produce diagrams representing the main features of the Standard Model.

  20. Phase diagram of polypeptide chains

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Auer, Stefan

    2011-11-01

    We use a coarse grained protein model that enables us to determine the equilibrium phase diagram of natively folded ?-helical and unfolded ?-sheet forming peptides. The phase diagram shows that there are only two thermodynamically stable peptide phases, the peptide solution and the bulk fibrillar phase. In addition, it reveals the existence of various metastable peptide phases. The liquidlike oligomeric phases are metastable with respect to the fibrillar phases, and there is a hierarchy of metastability. The presented phase diagram provides a solid basis for understanding the assembly of polypeptide chains into the phases formed in their natively folded and unfolded conformations.

  1. UML 2 activity model support for systems engineering functional flow diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Conrad Bock

    2003-01-01

    This article compares Activity models of the Unified Modeling Language, version 2 (UML 2) (OMG (Object Management Group), UML 2.0 superstructure specification, August 2003, http:\\/\\/www.omg.org\\/cgi-bin\\/doc?ptc\\/03-08-02), to a widely-used systems engineering (SE) flow diagram, the Enhanced Functional Flow Block Diagram (EFFBD) (J. Long, Relationships between common graphical representations in system engineering, ViTech Corporation, 2002), and to the requirements for functional flow

  2. CSI3131CSI3131 --Module 2:Module 2: ProcessesProcesses

    E-print Network

    Stojmenovic, Ivan

    states, the PCB (process controlProcess states, the PCB (process control block) and process an error occurred). #12;5 Concept ling Program Execution Process State Process Switching PCB Process Control Block (PCB)Process Control Block (PCB) 11 Process Control Block (PCB)Process Control Block (PCB

  3. A signal processing method is described, which separates har-monic sounds by applying linear models for the overtone series of

    E-print Network

    Virtanen, Tuomas

    . Block diagram of the separation system. SINUSOIDAL MODELING ANALYSIS (small frames) least-squares phases constraints amplitude estimation 1 N iterate SEPARATION OF HARMONIC SOUNDS USING LINEAR MODELSABSTRACT A signal processing method is described, which separates har- monic sounds by applying

  4. Computer calculation of distribution diagrams.

    PubMed

    Maggiore, R; Musumeci, S; Sammartano, S

    1976-01-01

    A simple computer program (DISDI) has been developed for obtaining the distribution diagrams of the species in solutions containing up to one metal and two ligands. It has been compared with the programs COMICS and EQUIL. PMID:18961796

  5. Nitrogen–Oxygen Phase Diagram

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. S. Barrett; Lothar Meyer; Sandra C. Greer; J. Wasserman

    1968-01-01

    We have determined the phase diagram for the notrogen–oxygen system by examining the x-ray diffraction patterns of polycrystalline samples of the solidified mixtures over the temperature range 21°–50°K. The diagram exhibits a surprising complexity: a eutectic line divides the liquid and the two-phase region of (?-O2 + ?-N2), and a peritectoid line separates this two-phase region and a new phase,

  6. Diagram Designer 1.23

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Vinther, Michael

    Turning out flowcharts and diagrams for presentations can be quite a hassle, so it's nice to lean about the Diagram Designer application. With the program's interface, visitors can take advantage of the customizable object palette, slide show viewer, and the ability to plot mathematical expressions. This version also allows users to import various image file formats, such as jpeg and gif files. This version is compatible with computers running Windows 98 and newer.

  7. What is a MISR block?

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-12-08

    ... and processing of these data, swathes are broken into a series of predefined, uniformly-sized boxes along the ground track called ... about 142 blocks will contain valid data at any particular time. A MISR Browse Tool is available to help determine MISR paths and ...

  8. Base Blocks Virtual Manipulative

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    National Library of Virtual Manipulatives

    2008-12-10

    This virtual manipulative provides base blocks that consist of individual "units," "longs," "flats," and "blocks" (ten of each set for base 10). They can be used to show place value for numbers and to increase understanding of addition and subtraction.

  9. Kennedy Space Center Orion Processing Team Planning for Ground Operations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Letchworth, Gary; Schlierf, Roland

    2011-01-01

    Topics in this presentation are: Constellation Ares I/Orion/Ground Ops Elements Orion Ground Operations Flow Orion Operations Planning Process and Toolset Overview, including: 1 Orion Concept of Operations by Phase 2 Ops Analysis Capabilities Overview 3 Operations Planning Evolution 4 Functional Flow Block Diagrams 5 Operations Timeline Development 6 Discrete Event Simulation (DES) Modeling 7 Ground Operations Planning Document Database (GOPDb) Using Operations Planning Tools for Operability Improvements includes: 1 Kaizen/Lean Events 2 Mockups 3 Human Factors Analysis

  10. Trying to Make Sense of Multidomain Arai Diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Coe, R. S.; Plenier, G.

    2002-12-01

    Variable contributions from specimen to specimen of two types of multidomain (MD) tail can explain the concave-up, concave-down, and S-shaped Arai diagrams exhibited by samples of the 1915 Mount Lassen dacite treated by Thellier's method. The slope of the line joining the endpoints of each Arai diagram gives a good estimate of the known geomagnetic field intensity for the Mount Lassen region during the 1915 eruption. In other words, the NRM divided by the total TRM gives the correct slope for the Thellier experiment, a feature long recognized as characteristic of MD remanence that is stable to heating. Fabian (2001) has demonstrated very elegantly that the common concave-up shape of MD Arai diagrams can be well accounted for by the low-T tail of each pTRM segment acquired during cooling from the Curie point in the earth's field. By low-T tail we mean that part of the pTRM with the unblocking temperature less than blocking temperature. However, concave-down and more complex shapes cannot be explained by Fabian's phenomenological theory of TRM. We suggest that the reason is its inability to incorporated the experimentally observed tail of pTRM*, that is, the tail with unblocking temperature greater than the blocking temperature of the pTRM produced during each Thellier step by heating to an intermediate temperature and cooling back down to room temperature in the laboratory field. If the pTRM* tail is systematically greater than the corresponding low-T pTRM tail, the Arai diagram will be concave-down, whereas if it is systematically smaller the shape will be concave up. If the two tails always make equal contributions, the Arai diagram will yield the ideal straight line with slope corresponding to the correct paleointensity. Such could occur if the non-ideal MD remanence were distributed symmetrically about the T-unblocking = T-blocking line of Fabian (2001). Finally, if one tail is greater than the other tail at low temperatures and greater at high temperatures, the Arai diagram will be S-shaped. Fabian, K., 2001, A theoretical treatment of paleointensity determination experiments on rocks containing pseudo-single or multidomain magnetic particles, Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 188, 45-55.

  11. Geochemistry, zircon U-Pb and Lu-Hf isotopes of an Early Cretaceous intrusive suite in northeastern Jiangxi Province, South China Block: Implications for petrogenesis, crust/mantle interactions and geodynamic processes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deng, Zhengbin; Liu, Shuwen; Zhang, Lifei; Wang, Zongqi; Wang, Wei; Yang, Pengtao; Luo, Ping; Guo, Boran

    2014-07-01

    The Early Cretaceous Tieshan intrusive suite, in northeastern Jiangxi Province along the northern margin of the Eastern Cathaysia Block, is composed of diabase porphyrites, monzodiorites, syenite porphyries, quartz monzonites, monzogranites and granite porphyries. LA-ICPMS zircon U-Pb isotopic analyses reveal that this intrusive complex was emplaced between 142 Ma and 117 Ma. The ~ 135 Ma diabase porphyrites, monzodiorites, and syenite porphyries are characterized by low to moderate SiO2 and MgO contents, with high K2O and total alkaline contents. These rocks exhibit slightly to strongly fractionated REE patterns and upper crust-like multi-element patterns with depletions of Nb, Ta and Ti, and show strongly negative ?Hf (t) values of - 9.0 to - 11.8. All these patterns are identical to those of the Caiyuan syenites, Huangtuling gabbros in the east, and Lengshuikeng trachyandesites and quartz syenites in the west. These geochemical and zircon Lu-Hf isotopic features indicate that their magmatic precursors were generated by 0.2%-2% partial melting of a phlogopite-bearing enriched subcontinental lithospheric mantle source that was metasomatized by sediments. The ~ 117 Ma quartz monzonite has slightly higher ?Hf (t) values (- 5.6 to - 8.7) like those of the Honggong syenites, indicating an interaction between the asthenosphere and the lithosphere. The ~ 142-134 Ma granite porphyries and monzogranites are characterized by high SiO2 levels but low concentrations of refractory elements, and show enrichment of LREEs and LILEs, with variable negative anomalies of Nb, Ta, Ti, Sr, P and Ba in multi-element diagrams normalized by primitive mantle. The monzogranite exhibits strongly negative ?Hf (t) values of - 10.5 to - 13.3 and TDM2 (Hf) values of 1849-2023 Ma, and the granite porphyries display relatively wide ?Hf (t) values of - 7.2 to - 13.4 and TDM2 (Hf) values of 1645-2043 Ma, indicating that these monzogranites and granite porphyries are highly fractionated granites derived from partial melting of the Paleoproterozoic basement with involvement of enriched mantle-derived magmas or juvenile components, and the primary magma experienced fractionation of K-feldspar, plagioclase, monazite, allanite and zircon during magma ascent and emplacement. The Tieshan intrusive suite, together with the Caiyuan syenites, Huangtuling gabbros, and Lengshuikeng trachyandesites and quartz syenites, forms a highly enriched shoshonitic rock belt in the northeastern margin of the Cathaysia Block. Integrating with previously published data, we propose that the subducted Paleo-Pacific plate extended into the central South China Block in the Middle Jurassic, and experienced slab rollback during the Early Cretaceous.

  12. Two-dimensional line space Voronoi Diagram

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stéphane Rivière; Dominique Schmitt

    2007-01-01

    Given a set of points called sites, the Voronoi diagram is a partition of the plane into sets of points having the same closest site. Several generalizations of the Voronoi diagram have been studied, mainly Voronoi diagrams for different distances (other than the Euclidean one), and Voronoi diagrams for sites that are not necessarily points (line segments for example). In

  13. DRAWING DIAGRAMS IN AN ONLINE EXAMINATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pete Thomas

    This paper describes a study into the drawing of diagrams in an online examination. The diagrams were produced by students during an on-line examination using a simple drawing tool. The students' examination answers, which included a diagram, were submitted over the Internet to an automatic marking tool for grading and feedback. This paper describes the diagram drawing tool and discusses

  14. Automatically Assessing Graph-Based Diagrams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Pete; Smith, Neil; Waugh, Kevin

    2008-01-01

    To date there has been very little work on the machine understanding of imprecise diagrams, such as diagrams drawn by students in response to assessment questions. Imprecise diagrams exhibit faults such as missing, extraneous and incorrectly formed elements. The semantics of imprecise diagrams are difficult to determine. While there have been…

  15. Analysis of the TRIPS prototype block predictor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nitya Ranganathan; Doug Burger; Stephen W. Keckler

    2009-01-01

    This paper analyzes the performance of the TRIPS proto- type chip's block predictor. The prototype is the first imple- mentation of the block-atomic TRIPS architecture, wherein the unit of execution is a TRIPS hyperblock. The TRIPS pro- totype predictor uses a two-step prediction process: it first predicts the exit from the current hyperblock and uses the predicted exit in conjunction

  16. Advantages of enthalpy-temperature diagrams for nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures

    SciTech Connect

    Granryd, E. (Royal Inst. of Tech., Stockholm (Sweden). Dept. of Applied Thermodynamics and Refrigeration); Conklin, J.C.; Sand, J.R. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

    1991-08-15

    The enthalpy-temperature diagram for nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures has illustrative and useful features, combining the advantages of the entropy-temperature diagram and the enthalpy-pressure diagram commonly used in the refrigeration and heat pump industry. Plotting temperature versus enthalpy has advantages similar to those of plotting pressure versus enthalpy, and has the additional advantages of depicting the temperature profiles for both sides of the heat exchange equipment during the cycle. This additional advantage is particularly useful for analyzing the vapor compression refrigeration cycle using nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures, where nonisothermal phase-change processes occur. Problems such as heat exchanger pinch-points and wet compression are easily detected. The possible cycle enhancement due to a liquid-to-suction heat exchanger is readily apparent. This paper presents and discusses examples of enthalpy-temperature diagrams. 10 refs., 8 figs.

  17. Advantages of enthalpy-temperature diagrams for nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Granryd, E.; Conklin, J. C.; Sand, J. R.

    1991-08-01

    The enthalpy-temperature diagram for nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures has illustrative and useful features, combining the advantages of the entropy-temperature diagram and the enthalpy-pressure diagram commonly used in the refrigeration and heat pump industry. Plotting temperature versus enthalpy has advantages similar to those of plotting pressure versus enthalpy, and has the additional advantages of depicting the temperature profiles for both sides of the heat exchange equipment during the cycle. This additional advantage is particularly useful for analyzing the vapor compression refrigeration cycle using nonazeotropic refrigerant mixtures, where nonisothermal phase-change processes occur. Problems such as heat exchanger pinch-points and wet compression are easily detected. The possible cycle enhancement due to a liquid-to-suction heat exchanger is readily apparent. This paper presents and discusses examples of enthalpy-temperature diagrams.

  18. Regulating block copolymer phases via selective homopolymers.

    PubMed

    Yang, Shuang; Lei, Zhen; Hu, Nan; Chen, Er-Qiang; Shi, An-Chang

    2015-03-28

    The phase behavior of strongly segregated AB diblock copolymer and selective C homopolymer blends is examined theoretically using a combination of strong stretching theory (SST) and self-consistent field theory (SCFT). The C-homopolymer is immiscible with the B-blocks but strongly attractive with the A-blocks. The effect of homopolymer content on the order-order phase transitions is analyzed. It is observed that, for AB diblock copolymers with majority A-blocks, the addition of the C-homopolymers results in lamellar to cylindrical to spherical phase transitions because of the A/C complexation. For diblock copolymers with minor A-blocks, adding C-homopolymers leads to transitions from spherical or cylindrical morphology with A-rich core to lamellae to inverted cylindrical and spherical morphologies with B-rich core. The results from analytical SST and numerical SCFT are in good agreement within most regions of the phase diagram. But the deviation becomes more obvious when the composition of A-blocks is too small and the content of added C-homopolymers is large enough, where the SCFT predicts a narrow co-existence region between different ordered phases. Furthermore, it is found that the phase behavior of the system is insensitive to the molecular weight of C-homopolymer. PMID:25833605

  19. Block LU factorization

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Demmel, James W.; Higham, Nicholas J.; Schreiber, Robert S.

    1992-01-01

    Many of the currently popular 'block algorithms' are scalar algorithms in which the operations have been grouped and reordered into matrix operations. One genuine block algorithm in practical use is block LU factorization, and this has recently been shown by Demmel and Higham to be unstable in general. It is shown here that block LU factorization is stable if A is block diagonally dominant by columns. Moreover, for a general matrix the level of instability in block LU factorization can be founded in terms of the condition number kappa(A) and the growth factor for Gaussian elimination without pivoting. A consequence is that block LU factorization is stable for a matrix A that is symmetric positive definite or point diagonally dominant by rows or columns as long as A is well-conditioned.

  20. Formation of Anisotropic Block Copolymer Gels

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liaw, Chya Yan; Shull, Kenneth; Henderson, Kevin; Joester, Derk

    2011-03-01

    Anisotropic, fibrillar gels are important in a variety of processes. Biomineralization is one example, where the mineralization process often occurs within a matrix of collagen or chitin fibers that trap the mineral precursors and direct the mineralization process. We wish to replicate this type of behavior within block copolymer gels. Particularly, we are interested in employing gels composed of cylindrical micelles, which are anisotropic and closely mimic biological fibers. Micelle geometry is controlled in our system by manipulating the ratio of molecular weights of the two blocks and by controlling the detailed thermal processing history of the copolymer solutions. Small-Angle X-ray Scattering and Dynamic Light Scattering are used to determine the temperature dependence of the gel formation process. Initial experiments are based on a thermally-reversible alcohol-soluble system, that can be subsequently converted to a water soluble system by hydrolysis of a poly(t-butyl methacrylate) block to a poly (methacrylic acid) block. MRSEC.

  1. Rational synthesis of low-polydispersity block copolymer vesicles in concentrated solution via polymerization-induced self-assembly.

    PubMed

    Gonzato, Carlo; Semsarilar, Mona; Jones, Elizabeth R; Li, Feng; Krooshof, Gerard J P; Wyman, Paul; Mykhaylyk, Oleksandr O; Tuinier, Remco; Armes, Steven P

    2014-08-01

    Block copolymer self-assembly is normally conducted via post-polymerization processing at high dilution. In the case of block copolymer vesicles (or "polymersomes"), this approach normally leads to relatively broad size distributions, which is problematic for many potential applications. Herein we report the rational synthesis of low-polydispersity diblock copolymer vesicles in concentrated solution via polymerization-induced self-assembly using reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization of benzyl methacrylate. Our strategy utilizes a binary mixture of a relatively long and a relatively short poly(methacrylic acid) stabilizer block, which become preferentially expressed at the outer and inner poly(benzyl methacrylate) membrane surface, respectively. Dynamic light scattering was utilized to construct phase diagrams to identify suitable conditions for the synthesis of relatively small, low-polydispersity vesicles. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) was used to verify that this binary mixture approach produced vesicles with significantly narrower size distributions compared to conventional vesicles prepared using a single (short) stabilizer block. Calculations performed using self-consistent mean field theory (SCMFT) account for the preferred self-assembled structures of the block copolymer binary mixtures and are in reasonable agreement with experiment. Finally, both SAXS and SCMFT indicate a significant degree of solvent plasticization for the membrane-forming poly(benzyl methacrylate) chains. PMID:25026466

  2. Phase diagram and kinetics of inhomogeneous square lattice brittle fracture

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lebovka, N. I.; Mank, V. V.

    1992-02-01

    The process of brittle fracture of an inhomogeneous 2D square lattice is studied in the framework of a deterministic model. The phase diagram defining the conditions for different modes of fracture is obtained. The kinetics of the fracture processes is shown to be described by an Avrami-type relation. An equation for the durability of inhomogeneous system is proposed.

  3. Band diagrams of layered plasmonic metamaterials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al Shakhs, Mohammed H.; Ott, Peter; Chau, Kenneth J.

    2014-11-01

    We introduce a method to map the band diagrams, or equipotential contours (EPCs), of any layered plasmonic metamaterial using a general expression for the Poynting vector in a lossy layered medium of finite extent under plane-wave illumination. Unlike conventional methods to get band diagrams by solving the Helmholtz equation using the Floquet-Bloch theorem (an approach restricted to infinite, periodic, lossless media), our method adopts a bottom-up philosophy based on spatial-frequency decomposition of the electric and magnetic fields (an approach applicable to finite, lossy media). Equipotential contours are used to visualize phase and group velocities in a wide range of layered plasmonic systems, including the basic building block of a thin metallic layer and more complex multi-layers with unique optical properties such as negative phase velocity, super-resolution imaging, canalization, and far-field imaging. We show that a thin metallic layer can mimic a left-handed electromagnetic response at the surface plasmon resonance and that stacks of metal and dielectric layers can do the same provided that the dielectric layer is sufficiently thin. We also use EPCs to estimate resolution limits of both Pendry's silver slab lens and the Veselago lens and show that the image location and lateral image resolution of metal-dielectric layered flat lenses can be described (and tailored) by the concavity and spectral reach of the dominant band in their EPCs. Homogenization methods for describing the effective optical properties of various layered systems are validated by the extent to which they accurately mimic features in their EPCs.

  4. The Quasar SED Mixing Diagram

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hao, Heng; Elvis, M.; Civano, F.

    2011-05-01

    We present a useful new diagram for characterizing the quasar-host-reddening mixture for AGN SEDs. This "mixing diagram" is based on a detailed study of 413 X-ray selected Type 1 AGN SEDs from the XMM-COSMOS Survey (Elvis, Hao, et al., 2011). The mixing diagram plots the near-IR (1-3micron) spectral slope against the optical (0.3-1micron) slope to form a generalized 'color-color' diagram. A pure AGN continuum (Elvis et al., 1994, E94) and pure host galaxies are located at clear and distinct positions on the mixing diagram. The lines joining them indicate the fraction of host contribution to each AGN. The reddening vector is almost perpendicular to these mixing lines, and so is easily measured independently. The mixing diagram shows that 90% of the AGNs lie on mixing curves between the mean E94 AGN SED and a host galaxy, with only modest reddening [E(B-V)=0.1-0.2] (Hao et al., 2011a). Lower luminosity and lower Eddington ratio AGNs have a larger host galaxy fraction, as expected. Optically selected samples (SDSS) have smaller host galaxy fractions. There is some intrinsic scatter around the E94 mean SED. A substantial minority, 10%, of the XMM-COSMOS AGNs are inconsistent with any AGN+host+reddening mix. These AGNs have weak or non-existent near-IR bumps, suggesting a lack of the hot dust characteristic of AGNs (Hao et al., 2010). A similar fraction of these "hot dust poor" (HDP) quasars are found in the Elvis et al. 1994 (BQS) and Richards et al. 2006 (SDSS) samples (Hao et al., 2011b). The fraction of "hot dust poor" AGNs grows to 20% at z>2 (Hao et al. 2010). The proposed 'cosmic cycle' of SMBH and galaxy co-evolution (e.g. Hopkins et al., 2006) can be shown as tracks on the mixing diagram. The mixing diagram definition could also be expanded to other wavelengths.

  5. Digital Adaptive-Element Building Blocks for MOS Large-Scale Integration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    STANLEY A. WHITE

    1969-01-01

    Large-scale integration of adaptive-element building blocks, in a small number of monolithic silicon structures, leads to a degree of freedom and versatility in organizing computing structures that has never before existed. The definition of the function of an adaptive-separation computer is examined, block diagrammed, and repetitive computations are defined. These are then partitioned to define building blocks to be fabricated

  6. Commercial applications of block copolymer photonic gels

    E-print Network

    Lou, Sally S

    2008-01-01

    Block copolymer photonic gels are a simple and easily processed material which responds rapidly to environmental stimuli through a color change. The diblock copolymer that forms the gel self-assembles into a lamellar ...

  7. Satellite Feature Identification: Blocking Patterns

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    COMET

    2009-06-26

    Satellite Feature Identification: Blocking Patterns examines how water vapor imagery can be used to help diagnose blocking patterns and their dissipation. Four major blocking patterns are covered in this module: Blocking highs, Cut-off lows, Rex blocks and Omega blocks. This module is part of the series: "Dynamic Feature Identification: The Satellite Palette".

  8. An analytical approximation for the macroscopic fundamental diagram of urban traffic

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carlos F. Daganzo; Nikolas Geroliminis

    2008-01-01

    This paper shows that a macroscopic fundamental diagram (MFD) relating average flow and average density must exist on any street with blocks of diverse widths and lengths, but no turns, even if all or some of the intersections are controlled by arbitrarily timed traffic signals. The timing patterns are assumed to be fixed in time. Exact analytical expressions in terms

  9. INCONEL 718: A solidification diagram

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. A. Knorovsky; M. J. Cieslak; T. J. Headley; A. D. Romig; W. F. Hammetter

    1989-01-01

    As part of a program studying weldability of Ni-base superalloys, results of an integrated analytical approach are used to generate a constitution diagram for INCONEL 718* in the temperature range associated with solidification. Differential thermal analysis of wrought material and optical and scanning electron microscopy, electron probe microanalysis, and analytical electron microscopy of gas tungsten arc welds are used in

  10. Venn Diagram Warm-Up

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    M Johnson

    2013-10-02

    This response answers a posted question, "What is your favorite warm-up suited for all grade levels?". The response details a Venn Diagram warm-up that can be used with any grade level and modified to fit most math topics.

  11. Causal diagrams for empirical research

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JUDEA PEARL

    1995-01-01

    The primary aim of this paper is to show how graphical models can be used as a mathematical language for integrating statistical and subject-matter information. In particular, the paper develops a principled, nonparametric framework for causal inference, in which diagrams are queried to determine if the assumptions available are sufficient for identifying causal effects from nonexperimental data. If so the

  12. Telesynergy V3 Wiring Diagram

    Cancer.gov

    Extron 8 port Video/Audio Switch WAVE Camera Telesynergy v3 Wiring Diagram ISDN T1/PRI Module CTRLR 0 Legend: S-Video Audio VGA DVI USB RS-232 Serial Microphone Ethernet Planar C5i AMD Exam Cam Canon Document Camera Olympus BX51 Sony DVD Recorder JVC

  13. Voronoi Diagrams and Spring Rain

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perham, Arnold E.; Perham, Faustine L.

    2011-01-01

    The goal of this geometry project is to use Voronoi diagrams, a powerful modeling tool across disciplines, and the integration of technology to analyze spring rainfall from rain gauge data over a region. In their investigation, students use familiar equipment from their mathematical toolbox: triangles and other polygons, circumcenters and…

  14. Index of Animated Phase Diagrams

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Kenneth E Windom

    This is a collection of animated phase diagrams by Kenneth Windom at Iowa State University. These short Power Point animations can be used to illustrate equilibrium crystallization concepts. There are slide shows for plagioclase feldspars (albite and anorthite); forsterite, diopside and anorthite; forsterite, enstatite and silica; and diopside and anorthite.

  15. ccsd00000445, Making diagrams speak,

    E-print Network

    raised by the presence of diagrams in a VIIth century Sanskrit mathematical com- mentary. Exploring di- agrammes dans un commentaire math#19;ematique en langue sanskrite datant du VII#18;eme si#18;ecle: A. Keller is a French CNRS researcher working on medieval sanskrit mathematics but also

  16. Neuraminidase Ribbon Diagram

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2004-01-01

    Ribbons is a program developed at UAB used worldwide to graphically depict complicated protein structures in a simplified format. The program uses sophisticated computer systems to understand the implications of protein structures. The Influenza virus remains a major causative agent for a large number of deaths among the elderly and young children and huge economic losses due to illness. Finding a cure will have a general impact both on the basic research of viral pathologists of fast evolving infectious agents and clinical treatment of influenza virus infection. The reproduction process of all strains of influenza are dependent on the same enzyme neuraminidase. Shown here is a segmented representation of the neuraminidase inhibitor compound sitting inside a cave-like contour of the neuraminidase enzyme surface. This cave-like formation present in every neuraminidase enzyme is the active site crucial to the flu's ability to infect. The space-grown crystals of neuraminidase have provided significant new details about the three-dimensional characteristics of this active site thus allowing researchers to design drugs that fit tighter into the site. Principal Investigator: Dr. Larry DeLucas

  17. Critical point analysis of phase envelope diagram

    SciTech Connect

    Soetikno, Darmadi; Siagian, Ucok W. R. [Department of Petroleum Engineering, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia); Kusdiantara, Rudy, E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Puspita, Dila, E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Sidarto, Kuntjoro A., E-mail: rkusdiantara@s.itb.ac.id; Soewono, Edy; Gunawan, Agus Y. [Department of Mathematics, Institut Teknologi Bandung, Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung 40132 (Indonesia)

    2014-03-24

    Phase diagram or phase envelope is a relation between temperature and pressure that shows the condition of equilibria between the different phases of chemical compounds, mixture of compounds, and solutions. Phase diagram is an important issue in chemical thermodynamics and hydrocarbon reservoir. It is very useful for process simulation, hydrocarbon reactor design, and petroleum engineering studies. It is constructed from the bubble line, dew line, and critical point. Bubble line and dew line are composed of bubble points and dew points, respectively. Bubble point is the first point at which the gas is formed when a liquid is heated. Meanwhile, dew point is the first point where the liquid is formed when the gas is cooled. Critical point is the point where all of the properties of gases and liquids are equal, such as temperature, pressure, amount of substance, and others. Critical point is very useful in fuel processing and dissolution of certain chemicals. Here in this paper, we will show the critical point analytically. Then, it will be compared with numerical calculations of Peng-Robinson equation by using Newton-Raphson method. As case studies, several hydrocarbon mixtures are simulated using by Matlab.

  18. Block and psychoticism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hans J. Eysenck; Sybil B. Eysenck

    1977-01-01

    Argues that J. P. Block's (1977) criticisms of the Eysenck and Eysenck Adult Psychoticism Scale are one-sided and do not take into account all the evidence. It is also suggested that Block's criticisms center on a function not at all envisaged for the scale, that is, the discrimination of psychotics from normals and other nonpsychotic groups. The scale was constructed

  19. Solar collector block

    SciTech Connect

    Pitha, J.R.

    1982-07-06

    This invention relates to the collection of solar energy by use of a novel concrete block construction and to the construction of buildings from such blocks for supplying the hot water requirements for a structure and/or the total heat for the building as well as the hot water supply.

  20. Multiple block grid generation in the interactive environment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John P. Steinbrenner; John R. Chawner; Chris L. Fouts

    1990-01-01

    Concepts employed in grid generation codes to speed up the process of obtaining a CFD solution are reviewed, including the use of multiple blocks and interactive graphics. The GRIDGEN interactive, multiple block grid generation codes, are presented as an example of grid generation software that employs these techniques. The features of a hypothetical ideal interactive multiple block grid generation code

  1. 47 CFR 52.20 - Thousands-block number pooling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Thousands-block number pooling. 52.20 Section 52...Number Portability § 52.20 Thousands-block number pooling. (a) Definition. Thousands-block number pooling is a process by which...

  2. 47 CFR 52.20 - Thousands-block number pooling.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Thousands-block number pooling. 52.20 Section 52...Number Portability § 52.20 Thousands-block number pooling. (a) Definition. Thousands-block number pooling is a process by which...

  3. MULTI-TERMINAL BINARY DECISION DIAGRAMS AND

    E-print Network

    Clarke, Edmund M.

    . Bryant and Chen have proposed binary moment diagrams (BMDs) for rep- resenting the class of functions with several hundred variables. Recently, Bryant and Chen [5] have proposed binary moment diagrams (BMDs

  4. Pressure-enthalpy diagrams for alternative refrigerants

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Chen; H. Kruse

    1996-01-01

    Thermodynamic diagrams, particularly log(p)-h diagrams, have become very convenient tools for refrigeration and air-conditioning industries. To promote alternative refrigerants-related development and application, it is urgently required to provide the industries with reliable engineering diagrams for the most promising candidate refrigerants. A computer program has been developed for automatically producing log(p)-h diagrams for alternative refrigerants. The Lee Kesler Ploecker (LKP) equation

  5. guidelines for binary phase diagram assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Okamoto; T. B. Massalski

    1993-01-01

    The recent publication of Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams,2nd ed, [90Mas] and our extensive screening of phase diagram graphics\\u000a for this edition has revealed many phase diagram features, which while not explicitly violating phase diagram rules, are to\\u000a a lesser or greater extent unlikely to represent thermodynamically acceptable conditions. In two previous papers, several\\u000a thermodynamically improbable features or boundaries in binary

  6. Block Play: It's Not Just for Boys Anymore--Strategies for Encouraging Girls' Block Play

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tokarz, Barb

    2008-01-01

    While block play is essential for both boys' and girls' social, cognitive, language, and motor development, girls do not engage in block play as frequently as boys. This situation can be attributed to the socialization process--children learn societal expectations for behavior and materials for both boys and girls--lack of experience for girls…

  7. The Butterfly Diagram Internal Structure

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ternullo, Maurizio

    2013-06-01

    A time-latitude diagram, where the spotgroup area is taken into account, is presented for cycles 12 through 23. The results show that the spotted area is concentrated in few, small portions ("knots") of the Butterfly Diagram (BD). The BD may be described as a cluster of knots. Knots are distributed in the butterfly wings in a seemingly randomly way. A knot may appear at either lower or higher latitudes than previous ones, in spite of the prevalent tendency to appear at lower and lower latitudes. Accordingly, the spotted area centroid, far from continuously drifting equatorward, drifts poleward or remains stationary in any hemisphere for significant fractions (? 1/3) of the cycle total duration. In a relevant number of semicycles, knots seem to form two roughly parallel, oblique "chains", separated by an underspotted band. This picture suggests that two (or more) "activity streams" approach the equator at a rate higher than the spot zone as a whole.

  8. DRAWING ENVIRONMENT DIAGRAMS COMPUTER SCIENCE 61A

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley, University of

    line at a time. 1 #12;DISCUSSION : DRAWING ENVIRONMENT DIAGRAMS Page 2 0.3 When you EncounterDRAWING ENVIRONMENT DIAGRAMS COMPUTER SCIENCE 61A February 6, 2013 0.1 Background · A frame frames will not end up with frame numbers. 0.2 Starting Your Diagram · First draw the global frame

  9. Generating Textual Diagrams and Diagrammatic Texts

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donia Scott; Richard Power

    1998-01-01

    Abstract. There are obvious ways in which text and diagrams within a document should be coordinated: for instance, the placement of a diagram might influence the wording of the text. However, there is a more subtle interaction between text and diagrams, which has emerged from work on generating technical documents,that make extensive use of layout. Constituents that would normally be

  10. Causal Reasoning with Neuron Diagrams Martin Erwig

    E-print Network

    Erwig, Martin

    Causal Reasoning with Neuron Diagrams Martin Erwig Oregon State University erwig- losophy for over two millennia. Modern philosophers often rely on "neuron diagrams", a domain itself. In this paper we formalize the syntax and semantics of neuron diagrams. We discuss existing

  11. Constant life diagrams — a historical review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. P. Sendeckyj

    2001-01-01

    A historical review of the early development of constant life diagrams (variously referred to as Goodman, Smith, Haigh, etc. diagrams) is presented. It is shown that there were two distinct approaches to the formulation of constant life diagrams for fatigue design purposes. The first one was based on Wöhler's fatigue experiments and involved engineering curve fits of the fatigue endurance

  12. Interactive Exploration of UML Sequence Diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Sharp; Atanas Rountev

    2005-01-01

    Sequence diagrams are commonly used to represent ob- ject interactions in software systems. Reverse-engineered sequence diagrams, which are constructed from existing code, are becoming widely available to more program- mers through modern commercial and research UML tools. However, due to their large size and inefficient spatial de- sign, such diagrams can easily become useless. We discuss the visual limitations of

  13. Integrating Model Information in UML Sequence Diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aliki Tsiolakis

    2001-01-01

    In a UML model, dierent aspects of a system are covered by dierent types of diagrams. Nevertheless, it is important to provide means to check the consistency and completeness of the UML model. This problem is addressed in this paper by integrating the information specified in class and statechart diagrams into se- quence diagrams. The representation as constraints attached to

  14. Monitoring with Behavior View Diagrams for Debugging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donglin Liang; Kai Xu

    2005-01-01

    UML sequence diagrams are widely used during require- ments analysis and design for specifying the expected mes- sage exchanges among a set of objects in various scenarios for the program to perform a certain task. In this paper, we present the behavior view diagrams, a type of extended se- quence diagrams, to facilitate execution monitoring durin g debugging. Using a

  15. Designing UML diagrams for technical documentation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neil MacKinnon; Steve Murphy

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a framework for improving the presentation of Unified Modeling Language (UML) diagrams, as applied in technical documentation produced at the IBM Toronto Software Laboratory. UML diagrams are a key part of program design. They can enhance understanding of complex programming concepts, and assist in problem analysis and solution design. In turn, UML diagrams can add significant value

  16. A Layout Algorithm for Data Flow Diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Carlo Batini; Enrico Nardelli; Roberto Tamassia

    1986-01-01

    A layout algorithm is presented that allows the automatic drawing of data flow diagrams, a diagrammatic representation widely used in the functional analysis of information systems. A grid standard is defined for such diagrams, and aesthetics for a good readability are identified. The layout algorithm receives as input an abstract graph, specifying connectivity relations between the elements of the diagram,

  17. Phase diagram of coupled ladders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. F. A. Müller; T. M. Rice

    1998-01-01

    The two-leg t-J ladder forms a spin liquid at half filling that evolves to a Luther-Emery liquid upon doping. Our aim is to obtain a complete phase diagram for isotropic coupling (i.e., rungs and legs equal) as a function of electron density n and the ratio J\\/t. Two known limiting cases are n<12, which is a single band Luttinger liquid,

  18. Reasoning on UML class diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniela Berardi; Diego Calvanese; Giuseppe De Giacomo

    2005-01-01

    UML is the de-facto standard formalism for software design and analysis. To sup- port the design of large-scale industrial applications, sophisticated CASE tools are available on the market, that provide a user-friendly environment for editing, stor- ing, and accessing multiple UML diagrams. It would be highly desirable to equip such CASE tools with automated reasoning capabilities, such as those studied

  19. INCONEL 718: A solidification diagram

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. A. Knorovsky; M. J. Cieslak; T. J. Headley; A. D. Romig; W. F. Hammetter

    1989-01-01

    As part of a program studying weldability of Ni-base superalloys, results of an integrated analytical approach are used to\\u000a generate a constitution diagram for INCONEL 718* in the temperature range associated with solidification. Differential thermal analysis of wrought material and optical and\\u000a scanning electron microscopy, electron probe microanalysis, and analytical electron microscopy of gas tungsten arc welds are\\u000a used in

  20. Analyses of requirements for computer control and data processing experiment subsystems: Image data processing system (IDAPS) software description (7094 version), volume 2

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1973-01-01

    A description of each of the software modules of the Image Data Processing System (IDAPS) is presented. The changes in the software modules are the result of additions to the application software of the system and an upgrade of the IBM 7094 Mod(1) computer to a 1301 disk storage configuration. Necessary information about IDAPS sofware is supplied to the computer programmer who desires to make changes in the software system or who desires to use portions of the software outside of the IDAPS system. Each software module is documented with: module name, purpose, usage, common block(s) description, method (algorithm of subroutine) flow diagram (if needed), subroutines called, and storage requirements.

  1. Diagram, a Learning Environment for Initiation to Object-Oriented Modeling with UML Class Diagrams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Py, Dominique; Auxepaules, Ludovic; Alonso, Mathilde

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents Diagram, a learning environment for object-oriented modelling (OOM) with UML class diagrams. Diagram an open environment, in which the teacher can add new exercises without constraints on the vocabulary or the size of the diagram. The interface includes methodological help, encourages self-correcting and self-monitoring, and…

  2. Design of Interactive Diagrams Structured upon Generic Animations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yerushalmy, Michal; Naftaliev, Elena

    2011-01-01

    In an attempt to study the emerging questions about design of mathematical tasks that could support the solving of challenging problems, we designed two settings of interactive diagrams that share an example represented as an animation of multi-process motion but differ in their organizational functions. The interactive settings, each comprising…

  3. A fault tree analysis strategy using binary decision diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karen A. Reay; John D. Andrews

    2002-01-01

    The use of binary decision diagrams (BDDs) in fault tree analysis provides both an accurate and efficient means of analysing a system. There is a problem, however, with the conversion process of the fault tree to the BDD. The variable ordering scheme chosen for the construction of the BDD has a crucial effect on its resulting size and previous research

  4. Caenorhabditis elegans Cyclin B3 Is Required for Multiple Mitotic Processes Including Alleviation of a Spindle Checkpoint–Dependent Block in Anaphase Chromosome Segregation

    PubMed Central

    Deyter, Gary M. R.; Furuta, Tokiko; Kurasawa, Yasuhiro; Schumacher, Jill M.

    2010-01-01

    The master regulators of the cell cycle are cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks), which influence the function of a myriad of proteins via phosphorylation. Mitotic Cdk1 is activated by A-type, as well as B1- and B2-type, cyclins. However, the role of a third, conserved cyclin B family member, cyclin B3, is less well defined. Here, we show that Caenorhabditis elegans CYB-3 has essential and distinct functions from cyclin B1 and B2 in the early embryo. CYB-3 is required for the timely execution of a number of cell cycle events including completion of the MII meiotic division of the oocyte nucleus, pronuclear migration, centrosome maturation, mitotic chromosome condensation and congression, and, most strikingly, progression through the metaphase-to-anaphase transition. Our experiments reveal that the extended metaphase delay in CYB-3–depleted embryos is dependent on an intact spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC) and results in salient defects in the architecture of holocentric metaphase chromosomes. Furthermore, genetically increasing or decreasing dynein activity results in the respective suppression or enhancement of CYB-3–dependent defects in cell cycle progression. Altogether, these data reveal that CYB-3 plays a unique, essential role in the cell cycle including promoting mitotic dynein functionality and alleviation of a SAC–dependent block in anaphase chromosome segregation. PMID:21124864

  5. 31 CFR 548.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BELARUS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 548.301 Blocked account; blocked property. The terms blocked...

  6. 31 CFR 548.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BELARUS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 548.301 Blocked account; blocked property. The terms blocked...

  7. 31 CFR 548.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BELARUS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 548.301 Blocked account; blocked property. The terms blocked...

  8. 31 CFR 548.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BELARUS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 548.301 Blocked account; blocked property. The terms blocked...

  9. 31 CFR 548.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY BELARUS SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 548.301 Blocked account; blocked property. The terms blocked...

  10. 31 CFR 595.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY TERRORISM SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 595.301 Blocked account; blocked property. The terms blocked...

  11. 31 CFR 593.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FORMER LIBERIAN REGIME OF CHARLES TAYLOR SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 593.301 Blocked account; blocked property. The terms blocked...

  12. 31 CFR 593.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY FORMER LIBERIAN REGIME OF CHARLES TAYLOR SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 593.301 Blocked account; blocked property. The terms blocked...

  13. Modeling Yin-Yang balance in Tai-chi diagram with a melting-freezing rotating device part 2 ---the similarity and characteristic of Tai-chi diagram

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lin, Sui; Chen, Tzu-Fang; Huo, Yuhua

    2002-05-01

    The physical model describing the Yin-Yang balance in the Tai-chi diagram via the melting and freezing processes taking place in a rotating device presented in reference [1] is further developed. The system of equations formulating the melting and freezing processes is transformed to a dimensionless form. The advantage of dimensionless equations not only reduces a significant number of parameters involved in the problem but also provides physical insight of the Tai-chi diagram. The solution of dimensionless equations offers the similarity and characteristic of the Tai-chi diagram[1].

  14. A descriptive notation system for contingency diagramming in behavior analysis

    PubMed Central

    Goldwater, Bram C.; Acker, Loren E.

    1995-01-01

    We describe a notation system for diagramming behavioral contingencies. The system is descriptive. Stimulus functions are not represented with special symbols, such as SR, SD, or UCS, but are simply described in terms of the relation between behavior and stimulus change, and the resulting outcome. The system is atheoretical, self-explanatory, and easy to use. Our goal is to provide an approach to contingency diagramming for the student that represents directly the exact relations and outcomes involved in operant and respondent processes. PMID:22478210

  15. The SAMPEX Data Processing Unit. [solar anomalous and magnetospheric particle explorer

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mabry, D. J.; Hansel, S. J.; Blake, J. B.

    1993-01-01

    The paper discusses salient features of the SAMPEX Data Processing Unit (DPU), the primary function of which is to collect sensor data to create telemetry packets for transmission to the solid-state recorder located within the Small Explorer Data System. Particular attention is given to the sensor interface electronics, the space command interface, the spacecraft telemetry interface, and the memory mapper of the DPU system; the task scheduling concept; and system reconfiguring. A block diagram of the DPU system is included.

  16. A Procedure for the Format of Schematic Diagrams for Design, Construction, and Maintenance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tom B. Smith

    1971-01-01

    Electrical schematic diagrams serve many functions in industry. A continuous process manufacturing plant has unique requirements not always satisfied by existing formats. The varied applications of schematic diagrams are discussed from the stand-point of an industrial user. References to current industry standards are cited and several additional features are explained. A detailed procedure for the format of a schematic is

  17. Learning from Text with Diagrams: Promoting Mental Model Development and Inference Generation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butcher, Kirsten R.

    2006-01-01

    Two experiments investigated learning outcomes and comprehension processes when students learned about the heart and circulatory system using (a) text only, (b) text with simplified diagrams designed to highlight important structural relations, or (c) text with more detailed diagrams reflecting a more accurate representation. Experiment 1 found…

  18. Extrinsic germanium Blocked Impurity Bank (BIB) detectors

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Krabach, Timothy N.; Huffman, James E.; Watson, Dan M.

    1989-01-01

    Ge:Ga blocked-impurity-band (BIB) detectors with long wavelength thresholds greater than 190 microns and peak quantum efficiencies of 4 percent, at an operating temperature of 1.8 K, have been fabricated. These proof of concept devices consist of a high purity germanium blocking layer epitaxially grown on a Ga-doped Ge substrate. This demonstration of BIB behavior in germanium enables the development of far infrared detector arrays similar to the current silicon-based devices. Present efforts are focussed on improving the chemical vapor deposition process used to create the blocking layer and on the lithographic processing required to produce monolithic detector arrays in germanium. Approaches to test the impurity levels in both the blocking and active layers are considered.

  19. A bit-serial floating point multiply/add architecture for signal processing applications

    E-print Network

    Williams, Bertrand Jeffery

    1983-01-01

    Add . . . . . . . . . . 5 I I I . DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS . . . . . ~, ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 8 State of the Art e . 8 The Floating Point Format. . . . ~ . ~ ~ . 14 The Bit-Serial Architectures . . . . . . . 19 Pipelined Architecture for a Serial Data Path... Point Muit'Iplier Block Diagram 12 3. General Sequentiaf Multiplier Block Diagram . 13 4. Bit-Serfal Multiplier Block Diagram 15 5. IEEE 32-bit Floating Point Format. . . . . . 17 6. Reduced Floating Point Format 18 7. The Bit-Serial Architecture...

  20. A Community Based Systems Diagram of Obesity Causes

    PubMed Central

    Allender, Steven; Owen, Brynle; Kuhlberg, Jill; Lowe, Janette; Nagorcka-Smith, Phoebe; Whelan, Jill; Bell, Colin

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Application of system thinking to the development, implementation and evaluation of childhood obesity prevention efforts represents the cutting edge of community-based prevention. We report on an approach to developing a system oriented community perspective on the causes of obesity. Methods Group model building sessions were conducted in a rural Australian community to address increasing childhood obesity. Stakeholders (n = 12) built a community model that progressed from connection circles to causal loop diagrams using scripts from the system dynamics literature. Participants began this work in identifying change over time in causes and effects of childhood obesity within their community. The initial causal loop diagram was then reviewed and elaborated by 50 community leaders over a full day session. Results The process created a causal loop diagram representing community perceptions of determinants and causes of obesity. The causal loop diagram can be broken down into four separate domains; social influences; fast food and junk food; participation in sport; and general physical activity. Discussion This causal loop diagram can provide the basis for community led planning of a prevention response that engages with multiple levels of existing settings and systems. PMID:26153893

  1. Sequential Voronoi diagram calculations using simple chemical reactions

    E-print Network

    Costello, Ben de Lacy; Adamatzky, Andy

    2012-01-01

    In our recent paper [de Lacy Costello et al. 2010] we described the formation of complex tessellations of the plane arising from the various reactions of metal salts with potassium ferricyanide and ferrocyanide loaded gels. In addition to producing colourful tessellations these reactions are naturally computing generalised Voronoi diagrams of the plane. The reactions reported previously were capable of the calculation of three distinct Voronoi diagrams of the plane. As diffusion coupled with a chemical reaction is responsible for the calculation then this is achieved in parallel. Thus an increase in the complexity of the data input does not utilise additional computational resource. Additional benefits of these chemical reactions is that a permanent record of the Voronoi diagram calculation (in the form of precipitate free bisectors) is achieved, so there is no requirement for further processing to extract the calculation results. Previously it was assumed that the permanence of the results was also a potenti...

  2. Array architectures for block matching algorithms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Komarek; P. Pirsch

    1989-01-01

    Architectures for the realization of block matching algorithms are discussed, with emphasis on highly concurrent systolic array processors. A mapping methodology for systolic arrays known from the literature is applied to block matching algorithms. Examples of two-dimensional and one-dimensional systolic arrays are presented. The required transistor count and the maximum frame rate for real-time processing of video telephone and TV

  3. Resolving writer's block.

    PubMed Central

    Huston, P.

    1998-01-01

    PROBLEM BEING ADDRESSED: Writer's block, or a distinctly uncomfortable inability to write, can interfere with professional productivity. OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: To identify writer's block and to outline suggestions for its early diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. MAIN COMPONENTS OF PROGRAM: Once the diagnosis has been established, a stepwise approach to care is recommended. Mild blockage can be resolved by evaluating and revising expectations, conducting a task analysis, and giving oneself positive feedback. Moderate blockage can be addressed by creative exercises, such as brainstorming and role-playing. Recalcitrant blockage can be resolved with therapy. Writer's block can be prevented by taking opportunities to write at the beginning of projects, working with a supportive group of people, and cultivating an ongoing interest in writing. CONCLUSIONS: Writer's block is a highly treatable condition. A systematic approach can help to alleviate anxiety, build confidence, and give people the information they need to work productively. PMID:9481467

  4. Superalloy Lattice Block Structures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Nathal, M. V.; Whittenberger, J. D.; Hebsur, M. G.; Kantzos, P. T.; Krause, D. L.

    2004-01-01

    Initial investigations of investment cast superalloy lattice block suggest that this technology will yield a low cost approach to utilize the high temperature strength and environmental resistance of superalloys in lightweight, damage tolerant structural configurations. Work to date has demonstrated that relatively large superalloy lattice block panels can be successfully investment cast from both IN-718 and Mar-M247. These castings exhibited mechanical properties consistent with the strength of the same superalloys measured from more conventional castings. The lattice block structure also accommodates significant deformation without failure, and is defect tolerant in fatigue. The potential of lattice block structures opens new opportunities for the use of superalloys in future generations of aircraft applications that demand strength and environmental resistance at elevated temperatures along with low weight.

  5. Using the Stern Blocks.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stern, Margaret

    1987-01-01

    Extracts from "Experimenting with Numbers" by Margaret Stern demonstrate the use of Stern Blocks to develop the conceptual base on which learning disabled students can build further mathematical skills. (DB)

  6. Formation of mafic magmas through lower crustal AFC processes — An example from the Jinan gabbroic intrusion in the North China Block

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Guo, Feng; Guo, Jiangtao; Wang, ChristinaYan; Fan, Weiming; Li, Chaowen; Zhao, Liang; Li, Hongxia; Li, Jingyan

    2013-10-01

    The Jinan gabbroic intrusion from the North China Block (NCB) experienced complex differentiation from a reduced and Si-undersaturated magma to an oxidized and Si-saturated melt, with a mineral assemblage of olivine + pyroxene + plagioclase + biotite + ilmenite. New dating of baddeleyite and zircon yield a consistent U-Pb age range from 130 to 134 Ma, confirming emplacement during the early Cretaceous. In situ oxygen analyses on olivine show relatively homogeneous O isotopic compositions, and the olivine separates give a limited ?18O range from 6.0 to 6.1‰, higher than that of olivine from normal mantle peridotites. The zircons have even higher ?18O (6.9-7.3‰) than olivine and clinopyroxene separates (?18O = 6.2-6.9‰) and show clear O isotope disequilibrium with olivine/clinopyroxene. The ?18O of the primary magma for olivine and clinopyroxene crystallization was increased by 1.2-1.4‰ to form the evolved melt for zircon crystallization. This ?18O variation points to assimilation or contamination by high-?18O crustal components during magmatic evolution. Systematic decreases in whole-rock ?Nd(t) and ?Hf(t) are accompanied by increases of ?18O, Ba/Nb, Ba/Th and Zr/Nb and decrease of Th/La, along with a change in oxygen fugacity of the magma. Modeling results suggest that the Jinan gabbroic intrusion experienced assimilation-fractional crystallization (AFC) with felsic material at lower crustal levels. Combined geochemical and Sr-Nd-Hf-O isotopic features suggest that the primary melts were derived from the NCB lithospheric mantle that had been further metasomatized by a small volume of carbonatitic melt, possibly derived from the subducted Yangtze crust.

  7. Precursors to atmospheric blocking events

    E-print Network

    Marino, Garrett P

    2009-01-01

    Atmospheric blocking events disturb synoptic-scale features from their normal eastward progression, causing anomalous weather conditions for the duration of the blocking event. The essence of blocking can be captured by ...

  8. Reversal of neuromuscular block.

    PubMed

    Srivastava, A; Hunter, J M

    2009-07-01

    The use of anticholinesterases to reverse residual neuromuscular block is efficacious only if recovery is already established. It was originally advised that at least the second twitch (T2) of the train-of-four response should be detectable before neostigmine is administered. Even in these circumstances, the full effect of anticholinesterases takes up to 10 min to achieve. Anticholinesterases also have muscarinic side-effects that require an antimuscarinic to be administered concomitantly. An ideal reversal agent could be given at any time after the administration of a neuromuscular blocking agent (NMBA), and should have no muscarinic side-effects. The gamma cyclodextrin, sugammadex, has been demonstrated to effectively antagonize even profound block produced by the aminosteroid NMBAs, rocuronium and vecuronium, by chelating them. The complex is then excreted in the urine. Sugammadex is ineffective in antagonizing the benzylisoquinolinium NMBAs. The dose should be adjusted according to the degree of residual block: sugammadex 16 mg kg(-1) for immediate reversal; 4-8 mg kg(-1) for antagonizing profound block (post-tetanic count 1-2); and 2 mg kg(-1) to antagonize moderate block (when T2 is detectable). As yet, the extent of any side-effects that may occur with this new antagonist is not fully known, although rarely adverse cardiovascular effects (hypotension, hypertension, prolonged QT interval) have already been reported. PMID:19468024

  9. Cross-over component code construction for multi-level block modulation codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Kasami, Tadao; Takata, Toyoo; Fujiwara, Toru; Lin, Shu

    1990-01-01

    This paper investigates the multilevel technique for combining block coding and modulation. Several specific methods for constructing multilevel block modulation codes with interdependency among component codes are presented. Given a multilevel block modulation code C with no interdependency among the binary component codes, the proposed methods give a multilevel block modulation code C-prime which has the same rate as C, a minimum squared Euclidean distance not less than that of C, a trellis diagram with the same number of states as that of C, and a smaller number of nearest neighbor codewords than that of C.

  10. Phase diagram of coupled ladders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. F. A. Muller; T. M. Rice

    1998-01-01

    The 2-leg t-J ladder forms a spin liquid at half-filling which evolves to a\\u000aLuther-Emery liquid upon doping. Our aim is to obtain a complete phase diagram\\u000afor isotropic coupling (i.e. rungs and legs equal) as a function of electron\\u000adensity n and the ratio J\\/t (>0). Two known limiting cases are: n<1\\/2 which is\\u000aa single band Luttinger liquid

  11. Ultrasonic defect evaluation using DGS-diagrams modified for the inspection of anisotropic composite materials

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Spies, Martin; Rieder, Hans; Dillhöfer, Alexander

    2015-03-01

    The application of DGS-diagrams (Distance-Gain-Size) for defect sizing using ultrasonics is considered for anisotropic materials. Based on far-field formulations for transducers with circular apertures, it is shown that the general DGS-diagram for isotropic materials can be applied to anisotropic media as well, if some modifications in the evaluation are performed. The modified procedure is illustrated and validated using ultrasonic inspection data acquired at a unidirectionally carbon-fiber reinforced composite test block with flat-bottomed holes as model defects.

  12. Evaluation of an integrated extraction process for in-situ phenol removal with micellar solutions of PEO-PPO-PEO block copolymers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Louise Heerema; Doga Cakali; Mark Roelands; Earl Goetheer; Dirk Verdoes; Jos Keurentjes

    2010-01-01

    This paper evaluates the applicability of aqueous solutions of Pluronics for the removal of phenol in a separation and regeneration process. Experimental results show that Pluronic P103 micelles allow extraction of phenol from aqueous solutions at 30°C. The phenol can be released due to the transition of the Pluronic micelles into unimers with a mild temperature switch from 30 to

  13. The Atom - The Final Link in the Division Process or the First Building Block? Pre-Instructional Conceptions about the Structure of Substances.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfundt, Helga

    The hypothesis as to the atomic structure of any given substance is introduced in many physics and chemistry textbooks by conveying the idea of repetitive division of a given amount of substance, for example, by grinding, dissolving, or evaporating. The rationale for this approach is the assumption of students inferring that this process of…

  14. Sampling versus Blocking

    E-print Network

    Yannick Meurice; Yuzhi Liu; Judah Unmuth-Yockey; Li-Ping Yang; Haiyuan Zou

    2014-11-12

    The idea of blocking in configuration space has played an important role in the development of the RG ideas. However, despite being half a century old and having had a huge intellectual impact, generic numerical methods to perform blocking for lattice models have progressed more slowly than sampling methods. Blocking may be essential to deal with near conformal situations. Typically, blocking methods have smaller statistical errors but larger systematic errors than sampling methods. This situation is evolving with recent developments based on the Tensor RG (TRG) method. We report recent results for spin and gauge lattice models obtained with this new method regarding searches for fixed points, calculations of critical exponents and resolutions of sign problems. An interesting model for comparison is the 2-dimensional O(2) model with a chemical potential which has a sign problem with conventional Monte Carlo but allows sampling with the worm algorithm and blocking with various TRG formulations. We compare the efficiency and accuracy of these two methods.

  15. Software Tool Integrating Data Flow Diagrams and Petri Nets

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Thronesbery, Carroll; Tavana, Madjid

    2010-01-01

    Data Flow Diagram - Petri Net (DFPN) is a software tool for analyzing other software to be developed. The full name of this program reflects its design, which combines the benefit of data-flow diagrams (which are typically favored by software analysts) with the power and precision of Petri-net models, without requiring specialized Petri-net training. (A Petri net is a particular type of directed graph, a description of which would exceed the scope of this article.) DFPN assists a software analyst in drawing and specifying a data-flow diagram, then translates the diagram into a Petri net, then enables graphical tracing of execution paths through the Petri net for verification, by the end user, of the properties of the software to be developed. In comparison with prior means of verifying the properties of software to be developed, DFPN makes verification by the end user more nearly certain, thereby making it easier to identify and correct misconceptions earlier in the development process, when correction is less expensive. After the verification by the end user, DFPN generates a printable system specification in the form of descriptions of processes and data.

  16. Binary alloy phase diagrams requiring further studies

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Okamoto; T. B. Massalski

    1994-01-01

    Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams , 2nd ed. 90Mas, covering ?3000 systems and ?2200 phase diagrams, is the most current compilation of binary systems. However,\\u000a ?500 of them include thermodynamically unlikely features. These problems are classified into more than 30 groups, and a few\\u000a typical examples are shown for each group. If a phase diagram shows an improbable feature, it implies

  17. The box diagram in Yukawa theory

    E-print Network

    Bernard L. G. Bakker; Jorn K. Boomsma; Chueng-Ryong Ji

    2006-10-30

    We present a light-front calculation of the box diagram in Yukawa theory. The covariant box diagram is finite for the case of spin-1/2 constituents exchanging spin-0 particles. In light-front dynamics, however, individual time-ordered diagrams are divergent. We analyze the corresponding light-front singularities and show the equivalence between the light-front and covariant results by taming the singularities.

  18. Micromechanical analysis of lattice blocks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacob Aboudi; Rivka Gilat

    2005-01-01

    Multiphase lattice blocks with periodic structure are analyzed by a continuum-based micromechanical approach. As a result, effective stiffness tensors, global initial yield surfaces, global damage thresholds, effective inelastic stress–strain responses and critical yielding temperatures of lattice blocks are established. Applications are given for various types of elastic and inelastic lattice blocks made of an aluminum alloy. Furthermore, a lattice block

  19. Morphology of ABA Block Polymers

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. R. Lewis; C. Price

    1969-01-01

    MICROPHASE separation is believed to occur in many block copolymers. In interpreting the mechanical properties of block copolymers of the type Ax By Ax, where Ax and By are blocks having x repeat units of type A and y repeat units of type B respectively, it has been suggested that when y is much greater than x the Ax blocks

  20. Bactericidal block copolymer micelles.

    PubMed

    Vyhnalkova, Renata; Eisenberg, Adi; van de Ven, Theo

    2011-05-12

    Block copolymer micelles with bactericidal properties were designed to deactivate pathogens such as E. coli bacteria. The micelles of PS-b-PAA and PS-b-P4VP block copolymers were loaded with biocides TCMTB or TCN up to 20 or 30?wt.-%, depending on the type of antibacterial agent. Bacteria were exposed to loaded micelles and bacterial deactivation was evaluated. The micelles loaded with TCN are bactericidal; bacteria are killed in less than two minutes of exposure. The most likely interpretation of the data is that the biocide is transferred to the bacteria by repeated micelle/bacteria contacts, and not via the solution. PMID:21275041

  1. 1.OA Measuring Blocks

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2012-05-01

    This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Have two or more blocks of different lengths on hand and paper clips to use to measure them. The blocks need to measure a whole number of paper clips w...

  2. 1.OA Measuring Blocks

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-03-18

    This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Materials * Unifix cubes * Large blocks in different sizes or varying lengths of sentence strips Note: The large blocks or the cut-up lengths of senten...

  3. Classical 3-loop 2-body diagrams

    E-print Network

    Barak Kol; Ruth Shir

    2013-07-30

    As part of the study of the two-body problem in Einstein's gravity, the fourth post-Newtonian order (4PN) of the two-body effective action is being computed presently by both effective field theory (EFT) methods and others. Diagrams with 3 (or 4) classical loops appear to be a significant obstacle. In this paper we develop a method to compute such 3-loop diagrams and demonstrate it through a specific diagram. We reduce the classical diagrams through shrinking the body worldlines to a form more familiar in Quantum Field Theory. A key ingredient in the evaluation is the Integration By Parts method for Feynman integrals.

  4. Hofstadter Butterfly Diagram in Noncommutative Space

    E-print Network

    Hidenori Takahashi; Masanori Yamanaka

    2006-06-23

    We study an energy spectrum of electron moving under the constant magnetic field in two dimensional noncommutative space. It take place with the gauge invariant way. The Hofstadter butterfly diagram of the noncommutative space is calculated in terms of the lattice model which is derived by the Bopp's shift for space and by the Peierls substitution for external magnetic field. We also find the fractal structure in new diagram. Although the global features of the new diagram are similar to the diagram of the commutative space, the detail structure is different from it.

  5. Phase Diagram of Optimal Paths

    E-print Network

    Alex Hansen; Janos Kertesz

    2004-02-17

    We show that choosing appropriate distributions of the randomness, the search for optimal paths links diverse problems of disordered media like directed percolation, invasion percolation, directed and non-directed spanning polymers. We also introduce a simple and efficient algorithm, which solves the d-dimensional model numerically in order N^(1+d_f/d) steps where d_f is the fractal dimension of the path. Using extensive simulations in two dimensions we identify the phase boundaries of the directed polymer universality class. A new strong-disorder phase occurs where the optimum paths are self-affine with parameter-dependent scaling exponents. Furthermore, the phase diagram contains directed and non-directed percolation as well as the directed random walk models at specific points and lines.

  6. Hubble's diagram and cosmic expansion

    PubMed Central

    Kirshner, Robert P.

    2004-01-01

    Edwin Hubble's classic article on the expanding universe appeared in PNAS in 1929 [Hubble, E. P. (1929) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 15, 168–173]. The chief result, that a galaxy's distance is proportional to its redshift, is so well known and so deeply embedded into the language of astronomy through the Hubble diagram, the Hubble constant, Hubble's Law, and the Hubble time, that the article itself is rarely referenced. Even though Hubble's distances have a large systematic error, Hubble's velocities come chiefly from Vesto Melvin Slipher, and the interpretation in terms of the de Sitter effect is out of the mainstream of modern cosmology, this article opened the way to investigation of the expanding, evolving, and accelerating universe that engages today's burgeoning field of cosmology. PMID:14695886

  7. Melt-Miscibility in Block Copolymers Containing Polyethylene and Substituted Polynorbornene Blocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mulhearn, William; Register, Richard

    2015-03-01

    Block copolymers containing a crystallizable block, such as polyethylene (PE), and a high-Tg amorphous block are potentially interesting materials since the rigid glassy block can mitigate the poor yield strength of the PE crystals. However, chemical incompatibility between blocks, quantified by the Flory interaction parameter ? or the interaction energy density X, drives microphase separation at low temperatures or high chain lengths. To prepare a high molecular weight PE-containing block copolymer that is easy to process (i.e. with a disordered low-viscosity melt) it is necessary to select amorphous blocks that have low mixing energies with PE. The only suitable polymers currently known are chemically similar to PE and therefore have similarly low glass transition temperatures. We investigate a series of both low- and high-Tg polymers based on substituted norbornene monomers, polymerized via ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP). Several ROMP polymers of this type exhibit high Tg and low interaction energy against PE. For example, hydrogenated poly(cyclohexyl norbornene) has Tg = 88 oC and has interaction energy density XhPCyN - PE ~ 0.8 MPa, comparable to the interaction energy density between PE and hydrogenated polyisoprene. The miscibility of an amorphous block can be further tuned by statistical copolymerization of norbornene units with aromatic side-groups (high Hildebrand solubility parameter) and norbornene units with aliphatic side-groups (low Hildebrand solubility parameter).

  8. MAT1193 1c. Function diagramming Since breaking a function into its parts is such a fundamental part of this course, I

    E-print Network

    Troyer, Todd W.

    is such a fundamental part of this course, I will introduce a process called `diagrammingMAT1193 ­ 1c. Function diagramming Since breaking a function into its parts` a function that lays everything out in a way that's easy to see. A diagram

  9. An Excel Macro to Plot the HFE-Diagram to Identify Sea Water Intrusion Phases.

    PubMed

    Giménez-Forcada, Elena; Sánchez San Román, F Javier

    2014-09-30

    A hydrochemical facies evolution diagram (HFE-D) is a multirectangular diagram, which is a useful tool in the interpretation of sea water intrusion processes. This method note describes a simple method for generating an HFE-D plot using the spreadsheet software package, Microsoft Excel. The code was applied to groundwater from the alluvial coastal plain of Grosseto (Tuscany, Italy), which is characterized by a complex salinization process in which sea water mixes with sulfate or bicarbonate recharge water. PMID:25269423

  10. The Block Cipher Square

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joan Daemen; Lars R. Knudsen; Vincent Rijmen

    1997-01-01

    be Abstract. In this paper we present a new 128-bit block cipher called Square. The original design of Square concentrates on the resistance against dierential and linear cryptanalysis. However, after the initial design a dedicated attack was mounted that forced us to augment the numberofrounds.Thegoal ofthispaperisthepublicationoftheresult- ingcipherforpublicscrutiny.ACimplementationof

  11. Ischemic Nerve Block.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Ian D.

    This experiment investigated the capability for movement and muscle spindle function at successive stages during the development of ischemic nerve block (INB) by pressure cuff. Two male subjects were observed under six randomly ordered conditions. The duration of index finger oscillation to exhaustion, paced at 1.2Hz., was observed on separate…

  12. 2000 CENSUS BLOCK BOUNDARIES

    EPA Science Inventory

    This data set is a polygon shapefile of the boundaries of Census Blocks in New England derived from U.S. Census Bureau 2000 TIGER/Line data. Numerous attributes pertaining to population are included. TIGER, TIGER/Line, and Census TIGER are registered trademarks of the Bureau o...

  13. Blocked tear duct

    MedlinePLUS

    A blocked tear duct is a partial or complete blockage in the pathway that carries tears from the surface of the eye into the ... Tears are constantly being made to help protect the surface of your eye. They drain into a ...

  14. Determining Possible Building Blocks of the Earth

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Burbine, T. H.; O'Brien, K. M.

    2003-01-01

    Introduction: One of the fundamental questions concerning the formation of the Earth is what is it made out of. The Earth appears to have condensed out of material from the solar nebula. We sample this "primitive" material in the form of chondritic meteorites. One of the most important constraints on possible building blocks for the Earth is the Earth#s oxygen iso-topic composition. Rocks from the Earth and Moon plot along a line (the terrestrial fractionation line) in diagrams of delta(sup 17)O (% relative to Standard Mean Ocean Water or SMOW) versus delta(sup 18)O (% relative to SMOW). Chondritic meteorites fall above and below this line. Distances from this line are given as Delta(sup 17)O (%) (= delta(sup 17)O - 0.52 x delta(sup 18)O).

  15. Organically modified aluminosilicate mesostructures from block copolymer phases

    PubMed

    Templin; Franck; Du Chesne A; Leist; Zhang; Ulrich; Schadler; Wiesner

    1997-12-01

    Organically modified aluminosilicate mesostructures were synthesized from two metal alkoxides with the use of poly(isoprene-b-ethyleneoxide) block copolymers (PI-b-PEO) as the structure-directing molecules. By increasing the fraction of the inorganic precursors with respect to the polymer, morphologies expected from the phase diagrams of diblock copolymers were obtained. The length scale of the microstructures and the state of alignment were varied using concepts known from the study of block copolymers. These results suggest that the use of higher molecular weight block copolymer mesophases instead of conventional low-molecular weight surfactants may provide a simple, easily controlled pathway for the preparation of various silica-type mesostructures that extends the accessible length scale of these structures by about an order of magnitude. PMID:9388181

  16. A New Process for Maleic Anhydride Synthesis from a Renewable Building Block: The Gas-Phase Oxidehydration of Bio-1-butanol.

    PubMed

    Pavarelli, Giulia; Velasquez Ochoa, Juliana; Caldarelli, Aurora; Puzzo, Francesco; Cavani, Fabrizio; Dubois, Jean-Luc

    2015-07-01

    We investigated the synthesis of maleic anhydride by oxidehydration of a bio-alcohol, 1-butanol, as a possible alternative to the classical process of n-butane oxidation. A vanadyl pyrophosphate catalyst was used to explore the one-pot reaction, which involved two sequential steps: 1)?1-butanol dehydration to 1-butene, catalysed by acid sites, and 2)?the oxidation of butenes to maleic anhydride, catalysed by redox sites. A non-negligible amount of phthalic anhydride was also formed. The effect of different experimental parameters was investigated with chemically sourced 1-butanol, and the results were then confirmed by using genuinely bio-sourced 1-butanol. In the case of bio-1-butanol, however, the purity of the product remarkably affected the yield of maleic anhydride. It was found that the reaction mechanism includes the oxidation of butenes to crotonaldehyde and the oxidation of the latter to either furan or maleic acid, both of which are transformed to produce maleic anhydride. PMID:26073302

  17. [Masquerading bundle branch block].

    PubMed

    Kukla, Piotr; Baranchuk, Adrian; Jastrz?bski, Marek; Bryniarski, Leszek

    2014-01-01

    We here describe a surface 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) of a 72-year-old female with a prior history of breast cancer and chemotherapy-induced cardiomyopathy. An echocardiogram revealed left ventricular dysfunction, ejection fraction of 23%, with mild enlarged left ventricle. The 12-lead ECG showed atrial fibrillation with a mean heart rate of about 100 bpm, QRS duration 160 ms, QT interval 400 ms, right bundle branch block (RBBB) and left anterior fascicular block (LAFB). The combination of RBBB features in the precordial leads and LAFB features in the limb leads is known as ''masquerading bundle branch block''. In most cases of RBBB and LAFB, the QRS axis deviation is located between - 80 to -120 degrees. Rarely, when predominant left ventricular forces are present, the QRS axis deviation is near about -90 degrees, turning the pattern into an atypical form. In a situation of RBBB associated with LAFB, the S wave can be absent or very small in lead I. Such a situation is the result of not only purely LAFB but also with left ventricular hypertrophy and/or focal block due to scar (extensive anterior myocardial infarction) or fibrosis (cardiomyopathy). Sometimes, this specific ECG pattern is mistaken for LBBB. RBBB with LAFB may imitate LBBB either in the limb leads (known as 'standard masquerading' - absence of S wave in lead I), or in the precordial leads (called 'precordial masquerading' - absence of S wave in leads V? and V?). Our ECG showed both these types of masquerading bundle branch block - absence of S wave in lead I and in leads V? and V?. PMID:24469750

  18. Block Diagonal and Schur Complement Preconditioners for Block-Toeplitz Systems with Small Size Blocks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wai-Ki Ching; Michael K. Ng; You-Wei Wen

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we consider the solution of Hermitian positive definite block-Toeplitz systems with small size blocks. We propose and study block diagonal and Schur complement pre- conditioners for such block-Toeplitz matrices. We show that for some block-Toeplitz matrices, the spectra of the preconditioned matrices are uniformly bounded except for a fixed number of outliers and this fixed number depends

  19. Counting planar diagrams with various restrictions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerard't Hooft

    1999-01-01

    Explicit expressions are considered for the generating functions concerning the number of planar diagrams with given numbers of 3- and 4-point vertices. It is observed that planar renormalization theory requires diagrams with restrictions, in the sense that one wishes to omit ‘tadpole’ insertions and ‘seagull’ insertions; at a later stage also self-energy insertions are to be removed, and finally also

  20. On the convergence of planar diagram expansions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerard't Hooft

    1982-01-01

    Renormalizable quantum field theories whose perturbation expansions are described by planar Feynman diagrams only, such as SU(8) gauge theory, are considered in 4 dimensional Euclidean space. For studying asymptotic properties of the perturbation series one might wish to isolate first all those planar diagrams that do not contain any ultraviolet divergent subgraphs. In this paper it is proved that this

  1. User applications of alloy phase diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Raghavan

    2009-01-01

    the Schaeffler diagram. Apart from Cr and Ni, other intentionally added or residual alloying elements in stainless steels are usually present in smaller concentrations. The empirical diagrams take these into account by using either a chromium equivalent or a nickel equivalent, depending on whether the alloying element stabilizes ferrite or austenite. Fixed values of the equivalents obtained from a limited

  2. Towards Flexible Graphical Communication Using Adaptive Diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kim Marriott; Bernd Meyer; Peter J. Stuckey

    2004-01-01

    Unlike today where the majority of diagrams are static, life- less objects reflecting their origin in print media, the computer of the near future will provide more flexible visual computer interfaces in which di- agrams adapt to their viewing context, support interactive exploration and provide semantics-based retrieval and adaptation. We provide an overview of the Adaptive Diagram Research Project whose

  3. Combinatorial Gelfand Models for Diagram Algebras

    E-print Network

    Halverson, Tom

    Combinatorial Gelfand Models for Diagram Algebras Tom Halverson Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Computer Science MACALESTER COLLEGE January 11, 2013 JMM San Diego Tom Halverson (Macalester appears with multiplicity exactly 1. Tom Halverson (Macalester College) Diagram Models 1/11/2013 2 / 16

  4. MCS 360 L-5 use case diagram

    E-print Network

    Verschelde, Jan

    MCS 360 L-5 1 Sep 2010 an online phone book use case diagram encapsulating a file Command Line phonebook.h and phonebook.cpp the main program MCS 360 Lecture 5 Introduction to Data Structures Jan Verschelde, 1 September 2010 #12;MCS 360 L-5 1 Sep 2010 an online phone book use case diagram encapsulating

  5. MCS 360 L5 use case diagram

    E-print Network

    Verschelde, Jan

    MCS 360 L­5 1 Sep 2010 an online phone book use case diagram encapsulating file Command Line phonebook.h and phonebook.cpp the main program MCS 360 Lecture 5 Introduction to Data Structures Jan Verschelde, 1 September 2010 MCS 360 L­5 1 Sep 2010 an online phone book use case diagram encapsulating file

  6. Phase diagram of a random tiling quasicrystal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Weixiong Li; Michael Widom

    1992-01-01

    We study the phase diagram of a two-dimensional random tiling model for quasicrystals. At proper concentrations the model has 8-fold rotational symmetry. Landau theory correctly gives most of the qualitative features of the phase diagram, which is in turn studied in detail numerically using a transfer matrix approach. We find that the system can enter the quasicrystal phase from many

  7. A Monitoring Profile for UML Sequence Diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kai Xu; Donglin Liang

    UML sequence diagrams are widely used during require- ments analysis and design for specifying the expected behaviors of a system. In this paper, we present a monitoring profile that extends se- quence diagrams to facilitate the comparison between the actual behav- iors and expected behaviors of a system. With the profile, the developers can precisely specify the runtime objects to

  8. Sematics of UML Sequence Diagrams in PVS

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Demissie B. Aredo

    In this paper, we present formal semantics of UML (Unified Modeling Language) sequence diagrams using the PVS (Prototype Ver- ification System) (8) as an underlying semantic foundation. We give a formal definition of a trace-based semantics (5) of UML sequence dia- grams; i.e. a sequence diagram is interpreted as a set of traces of events that may occur in the

  9. Fundamental Traffic Diagrams of Elementary Road Networks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. Farhi; M. Goursat; J. P. Quadrat

    The fundamental traffic diagram gives the relation between the flow and the density of vehicles on a road. This diagram has been obtained for one circular road in the deterministic and stochastic cases. In this paper we revisit the simplest example of two roads and one crossing given in (2) and we study the interaction between crossings on a system

  10. Workflow in interventional radiology: nerve blocks and facet blocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Siddoway, Donald; Ingeholm, Mary Lou; Burgert, Oliver; Neumuth, Thomas; Watson, Vance; Cleary, Kevin

    2006-03-01

    Workflow analysis has the potential to dramatically improve the efficiency and clinical outcomes of medical procedures. In this study, we recorded the workflow for nerve block and facet block procedures in the interventional radiology suite at Georgetown University Hospital in Washington, DC, USA. We employed a custom client/server software architecture developed by the Innovation Center for Computer Assisted Surgery (ICCAS) at the University of Leipzig, Germany. This software runs in an internet browser, and allows the user to record the actions taken by the physician during a procedure. The data recorded during the procedure is stored as an XML document, which can then be further processed. We have successfully gathered data on a number if cases using a tablet PC, and these preliminary results show the feasibility of using this software in an interventional radiology setting. We are currently accruing additional cases and when more data has been collected we will analyze the workflow of these procedures to look for inefficiencies and potential improvements.

  11. 31 CFR 589.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY UKRAINE RELATED SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 589.301 Blocked account; blocked property. The terms...

  12. 31 CFR 562.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 562.301 Blocked account; blocked property. The...

  13. 31 CFR 540.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM (HEU) AGREEMENT ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS General Definitions § 540.301 Blocked account; blocked property....

  14. 31 CFR 540.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY HIGHLY ENRICHED URANIUM (HEU) AGREEMENT ASSETS CONTROL REGULATIONS General Definitions § 540.301 Blocked account; blocked property....

  15. 31 CFR 562.301 - Blocked account; blocked property.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) OFFICE OF FOREIGN ASSETS CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY IRANIAN HUMAN RIGHTS ABUSES SANCTIONS REGULATIONS General Definitions § 562.301 Blocked account; blocked property. The...

  16. Recognition of On-Line Handwritten Commutative Diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andreas Stoffel; Ernesto Tapia; Ra ´ ul Rojas

    2009-01-01

    We present a method for the recognition of on-line hand- written commutative diagrams. Diagrams are formed with arrows that join relatively simple mathematical expressions. Diagram recognition consists in grouping isolated symbols into simple expressions, recognizing the arrows that join such expressions, and finding the layout that best describes the diagram. We model the layout of the diagram with a grid

  17. On balanced incomplete-block designs with repeated blocks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. H. Soicherc

    Balanced incomplete-block designs (BIBDs) with repeated blocks are studied and constructed. We continue work initiated by van Lint and Ryser in 1972 and pursued by van Lint in 1973. We concentrate on constructing (v,b,r,k, )-BIBDs with repeated blocks, especially those with gcd(b,r, ) = 1 and r 20. We obtain new bounds for the multiplicity of a block in terms

  18. Block and Tub Supplements for Grazing Beef Cattle 

    E-print Network

    Machen, Richard V.

    2003-03-19

    process is similar to that used in making pelleted feeds and supplements. Pressed protein (33 to 250 pounds) and 50- pound mineral blocks are familiar options as grazing cattle supplements. Advantages ? A distinct advantage is the ability to use... ingredients commonly found in dry feed mills. Disadvantages ? Formulations are somewhat restrictive; ingredients that are difficult to pellet generally do not make good blocks. For example, adding high lev- els of fat will jeopardize block integrity. Pressed...

  19. Base Blocks Decimal

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2002-01-01

    This Java applet allows students to practice adding and subtracting whole numbers, decimals, or integers. Students use base blocks in blue to represent positive numbers, and red to represent either negative numbers or subtraction. The applet offers up to three decimal places, 2 to 4 columns, and bases from 2 through 5 and 10. Applet instructions and teaching ideas are available through the links at the top of the page.

  20. Sensitivity, block sensitivity, and `block sensitivity of boolean functions

    E-print Network

    Kenyon, Claire

    Sensitivity, block sensitivity, and `­block sensitivity of boolean functions Claire Kenyon LRI, bat for Communications Research, 805 Bunn Drive, Princeton, NJ 08540. E­mail: kutin@idaccr.org Sensitivity is one of the simplest, and block sensitivity one of the most useful, invariants of a boolean function. Nisan [8

  1. Blocking and anti-blocking pairs of polyhedra

    Microsoft Academic Search

    D. R. Fulkerson

    1971-01-01

    Some of the main notions and theorems about blocking pairs of polyhedra and antiblocking pairs of polyhedra are described. The two geometric duality theories conform in many respects, but there are certain important differences. Applications to various combinatorial extremum problems are discussed, and some classes of blocking and anti-blocking pairs that have been explicitly determined are mentioned.

  2. Phase diagram of coupled ladders

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Müller, T. F. A.; Rice, T. M.

    1998-08-01

    The two-leg t-J ladder forms a spin liquid at half filling that evolves to a Luther-Emery liquid upon doping. Our aim is to obtain a complete phase diagram for isotropic coupling (i.e., rungs and legs equal) as a function of electron density n and the ratio J/t. Two known limiting cases are n<12, which is a single band Luttinger liquid, and small hole doping ?<<1 for J/t-->0, which is a Nagaoka ferromagnet. Using Lanczos techniques we examine the region between the Nagaoka and Luther-Emery phases for 1>n>12. We find evidences for gapless behavior in both spin and charge channels for J/t<0.3, consistent with Luttinger liquids in both bonding and antibonding bands (i.e., C2S2). This proposal is based on the behavior of spin and charge correlation functions. For example, the hole-hole correlation function that displays hole pairing at larger J/t shows hole-hole repulsion in this region. As a further test, we examined the dependence of the energy on a relative phase shift between bonding and antibonding bands. For J/t<0.3 this is very weak, indicating a lack of pairing between these channels.

  3. A Hubble Diagram for Quasars

    E-print Network

    Risaliti, Guido

    2015-01-01

    We present a new method to test the cosmological model, and to estimate the cosmological parameters, based on the non-linear relation between ultraviolet and X-ray luminosity of quasars. We built a data set of ~1,250 quasars by merging several literature samples with X-ray measurements at 2 keV and SDSS photometry, which was used to estimate the extinction-corrected 2500~\\AA\\ flux. We obtained three main results: (1) we checked the non-linear relation between X-ray and UV luminosities in small redshift bins up to z~6, confirming that it holds at all redshifts with the same slope; (2) we built a Hubble diagram for quasars up to z~6, which is well matched to that of supernovae in the common z=0-1.4 redshift interval, and extends the test of the cosmological model up to z~6; (3) we showed that this non-linear relation is a powerful tool to estimate cosmological parameters. With present data, assuming a $\\Lambda$CDM model, we obtain $\\Omega_M$=0.21$^{+0.08}_{-0.10}$ and $\\Omega_\\Lambda$=0.95$^{+0.30}_{-0.20}$ ($\\...

  4. Intraocular radiation blocking.

    PubMed

    Finger, P T; Ho, T K; Fastenberg, D M; Hyman, R A; Stroh, E M; Packer, S; Perry, H D

    1990-09-01

    Iodine-based liquid radiographic contrast agents were placed in normal and tumor-bearing (Greene strain) rabbit eyes to evaluate their ability to block iodine-125 radiation. This experiment required the procedures of tumor implantation, vitrectomy, air-fluid exchange, and 125I plaque and thermoluminescent dosimetry (TLD) chip implantation. The authors quantified the amount of radiation attenuation provided by intraocularly placed contrast agents with in vivo dosimetry. After intraocular insertion of a blocking agent or sham blocker (saline) insertion, episcleral 125I plaques were placed across the eye from episcleral TLD dosimeters. This showed that radiation attenuation occurred after blocker insertion compared with the saline controls. Then computed tomographic imaging techniques were used to describe the relatively rapid transit time of the aqueous-based iohexol compared with the slow transit time of the oil-like iophendylate. Lastly, seven nontumor-bearing eyes were primarily examined for blocking agent-related ocular toxicity. Although it was noted that iophendylate induced intraocular inflammation and retinal degeneration, all iohexol-treated eyes were similar to the control eyes at 7 and 31 days of follow-up. Although our study suggests that intraocular radiopaque materials can be used to shield normal ocular structures during 125I plaque irradiation, a mechanism to keep these materials from exiting the eye must be devised before clinical application. PMID:2211021

  5. Adding Compression to Block Addressing Inverted Indexes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gonzalo Navarro; Edleno Silva De Moura; Marden S. Neubert; Nivio Ziviani; Ricardo A. Baeza-yates

    2000-01-01

    . Inverted index compression, block addressing and sequential searchon compressed text are three techniques that have been separately developed forefficient, low-overhead text retrieval. Modern text compression techniques can reducethe text to less than 30% of its size and allow searching it directly and faster thanthe uncompressed text. Inverted index compression obtains significant reduction oftheir original size at the same processing

  6. VLSI architectures for hierarchical block matching algorithms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Komarek; P. Pirsch

    1990-01-01

    An application-specific multiprocessor system is investigated for real-time implementation of the hierarchical block matching algorithm. The proposed architecture is based on parallel processing units and local memories which are globally preloaded via a common bus. The performance is estimated for the data transfer and the parallel computation time schedule

  7. Building Blocks for early childhood mathematics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Julie Sarama; Douglas H. Clements

    2004-01-01

    Building Blocks is a National Science Foundation-funded project designed to enable all young children to build a solid foundation for mathematics. To ensure this, we used a design and development model that drew from theory and research in each phase. Our design process is based on the assumption that curriculum and software design can and should have an explicit theoretical

  8. Nondestructive characterization of lattice block material™

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kirsten G. Lipetzky; Jeffrey M. Warren

    2002-01-01

    Lattice Block Material™ (LBM™) is the name given to a new class of materials that makes use of the well-understood principles of trusses and space frames to create a variety of components having high strength to weight ratios. Differences in product design, materials selection, and manufacturing process, however, can lead to uncertainty as to the overall performance of a given

  9. BLOCK CAPITALS ONLY A Partnership for Learning

    E-print Network

    BLOCK CAPITALS ONLY Last Name First Name CID Number A Partnership for Learning The Imperial College understanding that learning is a lifelong process and a key aim of the Imperial College London course styles and wherever possible use multiple educational modalities (problem based learning, e-learning

  10. Network Operations Control Center Block 3 modifications

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Garcia, E. A.

    1978-01-01

    The Network Operations Control Center (NOCC) Block 3 configuration is in the process of being upgraded to provide the capabilities required to support Voyager and Pioneer Venus 1978 Project commitments as well as to support Deep Space Station changes arising from the Mark 3 DSN Data Subsystem implementation. Information is given on the hardware and software changes necessary to implement such capabilities.

  11. The Amplituhedron from Momentum Twistor Diagrams

    E-print Network

    Yuntao Bai; Song He

    2014-08-11

    We propose a new diagrammatic formulation of the all-loop scattering amplitudes/Wilson loops in planar N=4 SYM, dubbed the "momentum-twistor diagrams". These are on-shell-diagrams obtained by gluing trivalent black and white vertices defined in momentum twistor space, which, in the reduced diagram case, are known to be related to diagrams in the original twistor space. The new diagrams are manifestly Yangian invariant, and they naturally represent factorization and forward-limit contributions in the all-loop BCFW recursion relations in momentum twistor space, in a fashion that is completely different from those in momentum space. We show how to construct and evaluate momentum-twistor diagrams, and how to use them to obtain tree-level amplitudes and loop-level integrands; in particular for the latter we identify an isolated bubble-structure for each loop variable, arising from a forward limit, or entangled removal of particles. From a given diagram one can directly read off the C, D matrices via a generalized "boundary measurement"; this in turn determines a cell in the amplituhedron associated with the amplitude, and our diagrammatic representations of the amplitude can provide triangulations of the amplituhedron with generally very intricate geometries. To demonstrate the computational power of the formalism, we give explicit results for general two-loop integrands, and the cells of the complete amplituhedron for two-loop MHV amplitudes.

  12. Method for constructing theoretical phase diagrams for tetramethylammonium family crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sannikov, D. G.

    2012-11-01

    A method for constructing theoretical phase diagrams for tetramethylammonium family crystals is proposed. Temperature-pressure phase diagrams are constructed for different crystals of this family and compared with experimental diagrams. The assumptions and approximations of the method are discussed.

  13. Fundamental Diagram Calibration: A Stochastic Approach to Linear Fitting

    E-print Network

    Horowitz, Roberto

    Fundamental Diagram Calibration: A Stochastic Approach to Linear Fitting Brian Phegley Department methodology is proposed for characterizing and identifying key parameters of the fundamental diagram on traffic data obtained from a vehicle detection station. The proposed fundamental diagram characterization

  14. A binary-decision-diagram-based two-bit arithmetic logic unit on a GaAs-based regular nanowire network with hexagonal topology.

    PubMed

    Zhao, Hong-Quan; Kasai, Seiya; Shiratori, Yuta; Hashizume, Tamotsu

    2009-06-17

    A two-bit arithmetic logic unit (ALU) was successfully fabricated on a GaAs-based regular nanowire network with hexagonal topology. This fundamental building block of central processing units can be implemented on a regular nanowire network structure with simple circuit architecture based on graphical representation of logic functions using a binary decision diagram and topology control of the graph. The four-instruction ALU was designed by integrating subgraphs representing each instruction, and the circuitry was implemented by transferring the logical graph structure to a GaAs-based nanowire network formed by electron beam lithography and wet chemical etching. A path switching function was implemented in nodes by Schottky wrap gate control of nanowires. The fabricated circuit integrating 32 node devices exhibits the correct output waveforms at room temperature allowing for threshold voltage variation. PMID:19468164

  15. Building Curriculum during Block Play

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andrews, Nicole

    2015-01-01

    Blocks are not just for play! In this article, Nicole Andrews describes observing the interactions of three young boys enthusiastically engaged in the kindergarten block center of their classroom, using blocks in a building project that displayed their ability to use critical thinking skills, physics exploration, and the development of language…

  16. Modeling Building-Block Interdependency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard A. Watson; Gregory S. Hornby; Jordan B. Pollack

    1998-01-01

    The Building-Block Hypothesis appeals to the notion of problem decomposition and the assembly of solutions from sub-solutions. Accordingly, there have been many varieties of GA test problems with a structure based on building- blocks. Many of these problems use deceptive fitness functions to model interdependency between the bits within a block. However, very few have any model of interdependency between

  17. California Energy Commission BLOCK GRANT

    E-print Network

    California Energy Commission REVISED BLOCK GRANT GUIDELINES (FORMULA-BASED GRANTS) ENERGY EFFICIENCY CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM FOR CONSIDERATION FOR ADOPTION BY THE CALIF. ENERGY COMMISSION and Conservation Block Grant (EECBG) Program Guidelines 1. Background The California Energy Commission1 (Energy

  18. Differential Cue Salience, Blocking and Learned Inattention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew F. Heckler; Jennifer A. Kaminski; Vladimir M. Sloutsky

    A classic blocking design is modified by varying the relative salience of the blocked and the blocking cue. It is found that, in accordance with the learned inattention theory of blocking, the amount of blocking is diminished when the blocked cue is more salient than the blocking cue. In addition, when studying the patterns of answers about the control cues,

  19. IMAGE DECONVOLUTION BY STEIN BLOCK THRESHOLDING C. Chesneaua

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    block thresholding and Vaguelet-Wavelet Decomposition. The approach consists in first denoising the observed image using a wavelet-domain Stein block thresholding, and then inverting the convolution operator problem in image processing. There is an extensive statistical literature on wavelet- based deconvolution

  20. Selective blocking of the nodal sodium channels by ultraviolet radiation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. M. Fox; I. Physiologisches

    1974-01-01

    The effect of ultraviolet radiation on the excitable membrane of the node of Ranvier was studied. Ultraviolet radiation blocks the sodium channel and shifts the steady state inactivation curve along the voltage axis in the negative direction. The blocking process appears to be highly specific in two respects: 1. no other electrical properties of the nodal membrane such as resting

  1. Blocking contacts for N-type cadmium zinc telluride

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stahle, Carl M. (Inventor); Parker, Bradford H. (Inventor); Babu, Sachidananda R. (Inventor)

    2012-01-01

    A process for applying blocking contacts on an n-type CdZnTe specimen includes cleaning the CdZnTe specimen; etching the CdZnTe specimen; chemically surface treating the CdZnTe specimen; and depositing blocking metal on at least one of a cathode surface and an anode surface of the CdZnTe specimen.

  2. BLOCK SIZE FORENSIC ANALYSIS IN DIGITAL IMAGES Steven Tjoa

    E-print Network

    Liu, K. J. Ray

    BLOCK SIZE FORENSIC ANALYSIS IN DIGITAL IMAGES Steven Tjoa , W. Sabrina Lin , H. Vicky Zhao , and K@ece.ualberta.ca. To even begin forensic analysis for digital images, we must first address the presence of block processing, University of Alberta ­ Edmonton, AB TG6 2V4 Canada ABSTRACT In non-intrusive forensic analysis, we wish

  3. Block 3, People in Cities: An Ecological Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oates, John

    An Open University course text, People in Cities--An Ecological Approach (Block 3), is presented. Three sections of the block are: the ecology of urban life, socialization and some implications for the urban child, and the compensatory debate. Some of the adaptive processes and ways in which failures of adaptation are distributed in different…

  4. Arbitrary lattice symmetries via block copolymer nanomeshes.

    PubMed

    Majewski, Pawel W; Rahman, Atikur; Black, Charles T; Yager, Kevin G

    2015-01-01

    Self-assembly of block copolymers is a powerful motif for spontaneously forming well-defined nanostructures over macroscopic areas. Yet, the inherent energy minimization criteria of self-assembly give rise to a limited library of structures; diblock copolymers naturally form spheres on a cubic lattice, hexagonally packed cylinders and alternating lamellae. Here, we demonstrate multicomponent nanomeshes with any desired lattice symmetry. We exploit photothermal annealing to rapidly order and align block copolymer phases over macroscopic areas, combined with conversion of the self-assembled organic phase into inorganic replicas. Repeated photothermal processing independently aligns successive layers, providing full control of the size, symmetry and composition of the nanoscale unit cell. We construct a variety of symmetries, most of which are not natively formed by block copolymers, including squares, rhombuses, rectangles and triangles. In fact, we demonstrate all possible two-dimensional Bravais lattices. Finally, we elucidate the influence of nanostructure on the electrical and optical properties of nanomeshes. PMID:26100566

  5. Ordered Organosilicate Nanocomposites Templated by Block Copolymers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yang, Shu; Horibe, Yoichi; Chen, Cheng-Hsuan; Tatry, Thomas; Evans, Paul; Mirau, Peter A.

    2002-03-01

    Nanostructured organosilicates with controlled morphologies have been of great interest for many potential applications, including microelectronics and photonics. One approach to create ordered nanostructures is to use block copolymers as templates by taking advantage of the microphase separation. Periodic hexagonal array of cylinders in organosilicates at a length scale of 10-20 nm are formed with film thickness approaching one millimeter. The self-assembly process of the block copolymers is monitored and studied by solid-state proton NMR, TEM and SAXS. It is found that the microstructure and phase behavior of the nanocomposites are very sensitive to the polymer-matrix interface and interaction parameter between different blocks. A layered structure is formed in the system we studied to minimize the interfacial energy. Understanding of the templating mechanism will provide a new route for non-lithographic nanopatterning and incorporating functionalities for photonic applications.

  6. Si-Ge-metal ternary phase diagram calculations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Fleurial, J. P.; Borshchevsky, A.

    1990-01-01

    Solution crystal growth and doping conditions of Si-Ge alloys used for high-temperature thermoelectric generation are determined here. Liquid-phase epitaxy (LPE) has been successfully employed recently to obtain single-crystalline homogeneous layers of Si-Ge solid solutions from a liquid metal solvent. Knowledge of Si-Ge-metallic solvent ternary phase diagrams is essential for further single-crystal growth development. Consequently, a thermodynamic equilibrium model was used to calculate the phase diagrams of the Si-Ge-M systems, including solid solubilities, where M is Al, Ga, In, Sn, Pb, Sb, or Bi. Good agreement between calculated liquidus and solidus data and experimental DTA and microprobe results was obtained. The results are used to compare the suitability of the different systems for crystal growth (by LPE-type process).

  7. Building With Blocks

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2010-09-21

    This interactive site allows students to build with virtual blocks to discover geometry, three-dimensional space, and area. There are a number of different problems here, including Copy the Building, Building in the Night, Making Height Numbers, and Rotation Game. There are also Additional Problems for students to solve, such as repairing a broken table, putting arm rests on a chair, and making a tunnel through a mountain. Each asks students to reason with different, often non-standard, shapes and think about 3D form.

  8. Generating OCL Specifications and Class Diagrams from Use Cases: A Newtonian Approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Boris Roussev

    2003-01-01

    The universal adoption of UML for object-oriented modeling notwithstanding, a major impediment for UML 1.4 is the lack of seamless integration between the different models and the inadequate support for diagram interchange. In this paper we propose a process generating formal object-oriented specifications in OCL and class diagrams from the use case model of a system through a clearly defined

  9. Periodic titania nanostructures using block copolymer templates.

    PubMed

    Chinthamanipeta, Pavan S; Lou, Qin; Shipp, Devon A

    2011-01-25

    The deposition of periodic titania nanostructures, templated by a polystyrene-block-poly(4-vinylpyridine) (PS-b-P4VP) block copolymer, is reported. When cast as a thin film (30-50 nm thick), the PS-b-P4VP forms a morphology that consists of P4VP cylinders that are orientated perpendicular to the substrate. The P4VP phase was lightly cross-linked by exposing the film to diiodobutane. When the block copolymer film was exposed to the sol-gel titania precursor, titanium(IV) bis(ammonium lactate) dihydroxide (TALH), titania was formed in the P4VP phase. The resulting titania structures were identical in size to the P4VP cylinders and only formed (under the deposition conditions used in this study) when the block copolymer film was present on the substrate, thus providing evidence that the block copolymer indeed acts as a template. The process works for both silicon and indium tin oxide substrates. PMID:21175160

  10. Development of a Low Cost Eye Diagram Analyzer for Optical Network Performance Monitoring Based on Q-Factor BER Estimation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eduardo Mobilon; Miriam R. X. de Barros; Amauri Lopes

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes for the first time, to our knowledge, the development of an Eye Diagram Analyzer equipment transparent to signal bit rate, based on the reconstruction of an eye diagram from a set of asynchronous undersampled data using digital signal processing techniques. It is intended to be used for optical network performance monitoring based on bit error rate estimation

  11. Multi-level bandwidth efficient block modulation codes

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lin, Shu

    1989-01-01

    The multilevel technique is investigated for combining block coding and modulation. There are four parts. In the first part, a formulation is presented for signal sets on which modulation codes are to be constructed. Distance measures on a signal set are defined and their properties are developed. In the second part, a general formulation is presented for multilevel modulation codes in terms of component codes with appropriate Euclidean distances. The distance properties, Euclidean weight distribution and linear structure of multilevel modulation codes are investigated. In the third part, several specific methods for constructing multilevel block modulation codes with interdependency among component codes are proposed. Given a multilevel block modulation code C with no interdependency among the binary component codes, the proposed methods give a multilevel block modulation code C which has the same rate as C, a minimum squared Euclidean distance not less than that of code C, a trellis diagram with the same number of states as that of C and a smaller number of nearest neighbor codewords than that of C. In the last part, error performance of block modulation codes is analyzed for an AWGN channel based on soft-decision maximum likelihood decoding. Error probabilities of some specific codes are evaluated based on their Euclidean weight distributions and simulation results.

  12. Phase diagram to design passive nanostructures

    E-print Network

    Lee, Jeng Yi

    2015-01-01

    A phase diagram, defined by the amplitude square and phase of scattering coefficients for absorption cross-section in each individual channel, is introduced as a universal map on the electromagnetic properties for passive scatterers. General physical bounds are naturally revealed based on the intrinsic power conservation in a passive scattering system, entailing power competitions among scattering, absorption, and extinction. Exotic scattering and absorption phenomena, from resonant scattering, invisible cloaking, coherent perfect absorber, and subwavelength superscattering can all be illustrated in this phase diagram. With electrically small core-shell scatterers as an example, we demonstrate a systematic method to design field-controllable structures based on the allowed trajectories in the phase diagram. The proposed phase diagram not only provides a simple tool to design optical devices but also promotes a deep understanding on Mie's scattering theory.

  13. x DYNAMIC INFLUENCE DIAGRAMS: APPLICATIONS TO

    E-print Network

    Hazen, Gordon

    hip arthroplasty. CHN.1 INTRODUCTION Influence diagrams are well-known graphical tools for formulating, including a previously published cost-effectiveness analysis for total hip replacement. Keywords: Influence

  14. Sequential influence diagrams: A unified asymmetry framework

    E-print Network

    Jensen, Finn V.; Nielsen, Thomas D.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2006-05-01

    We describe a new graphical language for specifying asymmetric decision problems. The language is based on a filtered merge of several existing languages including sequential valuation networks, asymmetric influence diagrams, and unconstrained...

  15. ConcepTest: Relative Time Diagram #4

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Match the features in the relative time diagram below with the events described in the short sentence. Assume all rocks are sedimentary unless otherwise indicated. Which sedimentary unit did not experience contact ...

  16. Communicating Phylogeny: Evolutionary Tree Diagrams in Museums

    E-print Network

    MacDonald, Teresa; Wiley, Edward O.

    2012-01-01

    Tree of life diagrams are graphic representations of phylogeny—the evolutionary history and relationships of lineages—and as such these graphics have the potential to convey key evolutionary ideas and principles to a variety of audiences. Museums...

  17. Architecture flow diagrams under teamwork reg sign

    SciTech Connect

    Nicinski, T.

    1992-02-01

    The Teamwork CASE tool allows Data Flow Diagrams (DFDs) to be maintained for structured analysis. Fermilab has extended teamwork under UNIX{trademark} to permit Hatley and Pirbhai Architecture Flow Diagrams (AFDs) to be associated with DFDs and subsequently maintained. This extension, called TWKAFD, allows a user to open an AFD, graphically edit it, and replace it into a TWKAFD maintained library. Other aspects of Hatley and Pirbhai's methodology are supported. This paper presents a quick tutorial on Architecture Diagrams. It then describes the user's view of TWKAFD, the experience incorporating it into teamwork, and the successes with using the Architecture Diagram methodology along with the shortcomings of using the teamwork/TWKAFD tool. 8 refs.

  18. ConcepTest: Relative Time Diagram #1

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Match the features in the relative time diagram below with the events described in the short sentence. Assume all rocks are sedimentary unless otherwise indicated. Which is the oldest rock unit? a. A b. B c. C d. D ...

  19. Revised Diagnostic Diagrams for Planetary Nebulae

    E-print Network

    H. Riesgo; J. A. López

    2006-02-08

    Diagnostic diagrams of electron density - excitation for a sample of 613 planetary nebulae are presented. The present extensive sample allows the definition of new statistical limits for the distribution of planetary nebulae in the log [Ha/[SII

  20. ConcepTest: Relative Time Diagram #2

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Match the features in the relative time diagram below with the events described in the short sentences. Assume all rocks are sedimentary unless otherwise indicated. Which unit was formed before A but after E? a. C ...

  1. Attribute Reduction Based on Property Pictorial Diagram

    PubMed Central

    Wan, Qing; Wei, Ling

    2014-01-01

    This paper mainly studies attribute reduction which keeps the lattice structure in formal contexts based on the property pictorial diagram. Firstly, the property pictorial diagram of a formal context is defined. Based on such diagram, an attribute reduction approach of concept lattice is achieved. Then, through the relation between an original formal context and its complementary context, an attribute reduct of complementary context concept lattice is obtained, which is also based on the property pictorial diagram of the original formal context. Finally, attribute reducts in property oriented concept lattice and object oriented concept lattice can be acquired by the relations of attribute reduction between these two lattices and concept lattice of complementary context. In addition, a detailed illustrative example is presented. PMID:25247200

  2. Sequential Influence Diagrams: A Unified Asymmetry Framework

    E-print Network

    Jensen, Finn V.; Nielsen, Thomas D.; Shenoy, Prakash P.

    2004-10-01

    We describe a new graphical language for specifying asymmetric decision problems. The language is based on a filtered merge of several existing languages including sequential valuation networks, asymmetric influence diagrams, ...

  3. A strategy to explore stable and metastable ordered phases of block copolymers.

    PubMed

    Xu, Weiquan; Jiang, Kai; Zhang, Pingwen; Shi, An-Chang

    2013-05-01

    Block copolymers with their rich phase behavior and ordering transitions have become a paradigm for the study of structured soft materials. A major challenge in the study of the phase behavior of block copolymers is to obtain different stable and metastable phases of the system. A strategy to discover complex ordered phases of block copolymers within the self-consistent field theory framework is developed by a combination of fast algorithms and novel initialization procedures. This strategy allows the generation of a large number of candidate structures, which can then be used to construct phase diagrams. Application of the strategy is illustrated using ABC star triblock copolymers as an example. A large number of candidate structures, including many three-dimensionally ordered phases, of the system are obtained and categorized. A phase diagram is constructed for symmetrically interacting ABC star triblock copolymers. PMID:23551204

  4. Context Aware On-line Diagramming Recognition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mudit Agrawal; Alexander Zotov; Ming Ye; Sashi Raghupathy

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents a context aware, online immediate-mode diagramming recognition and beautification software for hand-sketched diagrams. The system is independent of stroke-order, -number, -direction and is invariant to scaling, translation and rotation. In our stroke-based recognition model, we propose convexity features along with spatial and temporal proximity features to prune the combinatorial search space of possible stroke configurations to form

  5. Campbell diagrams of weakly anisotropic flexible rotors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Oleg N. Kirillov

    2009-01-01

    We consider an axi-symmetric rotor perturbed by dissipative, conservative,\\u000aand non-conservative positional forces originated at the contact with the\\u000aanisotropic stator. The Campbell diagram of the unperturbed system is a\\u000amesh-like structure in the frequency-speed plane with double eigenfrequencies\\u000aat the nodes. The diagram is convenient for the analysis of the traveling waves\\u000ain the rotating elastic continuum. Computing sensitivities

  6. Campbell diagrams of weakly anisotropic flexible rotors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. N. Kirillov

    2009-01-01

    We consider an axi-symmetric rotor perturbed by dissipative, conservative, and non-conservative positional forces originated at the contact with the anisotropic stator. The Campbell diagram of the unperturbed system is a mesh-like structure in the frequency-speed plane with double eigenfrequencies at the nodes. The diagram is convenient for the analysis of the traveling waves in the rotating elastic continuum. Computing sensitivities

  7. Diffusion and phase diagram in binary alloys

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Mimkes; M. Wuttig

    1996-01-01

    The relationship betwwen diffusion and phase diagram is discussed in more detail for Ag?Au and Au?Ni alloys. For each alloy tracer diffusion and interdiffusion data have been compared with the corresponding phase diagram.Tracer diffusion is related to the solid-liquid phase transition. Ag and Au tracer diffusivities D?(x) in Ag?Au alloys and melting temperature Tm(x) of Ag?Au show opposite curvatures. The

  8. Algebraic decision diagrams and their applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Iris Bahar; Erica A. Frohm; Charles M. Gaona; Gary D. Hachtel; Enrico Macii; Abelardo Pardo; Fabio Somenzi

    1993-01-01

    In this paper we present theory and experiments on the AlgebraicDecision Diagrams (ADD's). These diagrams extend BDD'sby allowing values from an arbitrary finite domain to be associatedwith the terminal nodes. We present a treatment foundedin boolean algebras and discuss algorithms and results in applicationslike matrix multiplication and shortest path algorithms.Furthermore, we outline possible applications of ADD's to logicsynthesis, formal verification,

  9. Class diagram based evaluation of software performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pham, Huong V.; Nguyen, Binh N.

    2013-03-01

    The evaluation of software performance in the early stages of the software life cycle is important and it has been widely studied. In the software model specification, class diagram is the important object-oriented software specification model. The measures based on a class diagram have been widely studied to evaluate quality of software such as complexity, maintainability, reuse capability, etc. However the software performance evaluation based on Class model has not been widely studied, especially for object-oriented design of embedded software. Therefore, in this paper we propose a new approach to directly evaluate the software performance based on class diagrams. From a class diagram, we determine the parameters which are used to evaluate and build formula of the measures such as Size of Class Variables, Size of Class Methods, Size of Instance Variables, Size of Instance Methods, etc. Then, we do analysis of the dependence of performance on these measures and build the performance evaluation function from class diagram. Thereby we can choose the best class diagram based on this evaluation function.

  10. Pseudotachylite on impact marks of block surfaces in block-and-ash flows at Merapi volcano, Central Java, Indonesia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schwarzkopf, L. M.; Schmincke, H.-U.; Troll, V. R.

    2001-02-01

    Surfaces of meter-sized blocks in the 1998 block-and-ash flow deposits of Merapi volcano are partially covered by centimeter-sized, randomly orientated impact marks, which consist of an outer, glassy pseudotachylite underlain by a cataclastic layer. Whole rock, pseudotachylite, melt inclusion in plagioclase and host rock groundmass compositions indicate that the pseudotachylite was generated by remelting of bulk rock on block impact. The occurrence and distribution of this new type of collision-related pseudotachylite on volcanic block surfaces demonstrate that blocks were transported by chaotic rotation, saltation and tumbling. The random orientation of impact marks suggests grain flow as the dominant process rather than any other currently discussed pyroclastic flow mechanism. In addition, the chaotic orientation of striations is interpreted as reflecting momentum transfer having been dominated by short-lived intergranular collisions. The blocks have apparently been transported in the collisional regime of grain flow.

  11. FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM CS SC OE EOCEN SYNC 12/8 EOC

    E-print Network

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    , Industrial and Military Temperature Range Grades MIL-STD-883 Compliant Versions Available PRODUCT DESCRIPTION mount packages. Screening to MIL-STD-883C Class B is also available. *Protected by U.S. Patent Nos. 4 is available in versions compliant with MIL- STD-883. Refer to the Analog Devices Military Products Databook

  12. STRUCTURAL SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION USING GENETIC PROGRAMMING AND A BLOCK DIAGRAM ORIENTED SIMULATION TOOL

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Thomas

    experimental data. Nonlinear models similar to the original test model of the system are identified yielding reports an automatic procedure which can identify a nonlinear continuous time model from experimental data/simulated annealing algorithm, it is applied to the identification of nonlinear dynamic models from simulated

  13. Radiation Blocking Lenses

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1993-01-01

    The Biomedical Optical Company of America's Eagle 475 lens absorbs 100 percent of all photowavelengths considered hazardous to eye tissue, including ultraviolet and blue light, which are considered contributors to cataract and age-related macular degeneration. The lens absorbs hazardous wavelengths, but allows a higher percentage of visually useful areas of the spectrum to pass through. Polarization blocks out irritating glint and glare and heightens visual acuity. The Eagle 475 sunglasses are the latest in a series of spinoffs that originated at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory where two scientists developed a protective, welding curtain that filtered out harmful irradiance. The result was a commercial curtain that absorbs filters and scatters light, providing protection for personnel in welding areas. Further research focused on protective industrial glasses and later on consumer products.

  14. 49 CFR 1152.10 - System diagram map.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...2014-10-01 false System diagram map. 1152.10 Section 1152.10 Transportation...Diagram § 1152.10 System diagram map. (a) Each carrier shall prepare a diagram of its rail system on a map, designating all lines in its...

  15. 49 CFR 1152.10 - System diagram map.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...2012-10-01 false System diagram map. 1152.10 Section 1152.10 Transportation...Diagram § 1152.10 System diagram map. (a) Each carrier shall prepare a diagram of its rail system on a map, designating all lines in its...

  16. 49 CFR 1152.10 - System diagram map.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...2013-10-01 false System diagram map. 1152.10 Section 1152.10 Transportation...Diagram § 1152.10 System diagram map. (a) Each carrier shall prepare a diagram of its rail system on a map, designating all lines in its...

  17. 49 CFR 1152.10 - System diagram map.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-10-01

    ...2011-10-01 false System diagram map. 1152.10 Section 1152.10 Transportation...Diagram § 1152.10 System diagram map. (a) Each carrier shall prepare a diagram of its rail system on a map, designating all lines in its...

  18. 49 CFR 1152.10 - System diagram map.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ...2010-10-01 false System diagram map. 1152.10 Section 1152.10 Transportation...Diagram § 1152.10 System diagram map. (a) Each carrier shall prepare a diagram of its rail system on a map, designating all lines in its...

  19. An Integrated Semantics for UML Class, Object and State Diagrams

    E-print Network

    Gogolla, Martin - Fachbereich 3

    structural or behav- ioral aspects. From a fundamental point of view, class and state diagrams are the basic and state diagrams can be employed for describing the fundamental object behavior. Graph transformation are fundamental diagrams of the UML. In the following we shortly illustrate both diagram types. For further

  20. Threshold queueing describes the fundamental diagram of uninterrupted traffic

    E-print Network

    Boucherie, Richard J.

    Threshold queueing describes the fundamental diagram of uninterrupted traffic Niek Baer, Richard J and a novel threshold queue that captures the main aspects of the empiri- cal shape of the fundamental diagram of the fundamental diagram. Keywords: Threshold queue, Hysteresis, Capacity drop, Fundamental diagram, Matrix

  1. The Use of Computational Diagrams and Nomograms in Higher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brandenburg, Richard K.; Simpson, William A.

    1984-01-01

    The use of computational diagrams and nomographs for the calculations that frequently occur in college administration is examined. Steps in constructing a nomograph and a four-dimensional computational diagram are detailed, and uses of three- and four-dimensional diagrams are covered. Diagrams and nomographs are useful in the following cases: (1)…

  2. Nerve blocks in palliative care.

    PubMed

    Chambers, W A

    2008-07-01

    Although between 85% and 90% of patients with advanced cancer can have their pain well controlled with the use of analgesic drugs and adjuvants, there are some patients who will benefit from an interventional procedure. This includes a variety of nerve blocks and also some neurosurgical procedures. Approximately 8-10% of patients may benefit from a peripheral nerve block and around 2% from a central neuraxial block. The most common indication is because opioid dose escalation is limited by signs of opioid toxicity but some patients will benefit from one component of their pain being relieved by a simple peripheral block. Most patients about to undergo these procedures are already taking high doses of opiods and obtaining valid consent may pose problems. The use of peripheral nerve blocks, epidural and intrathecal infusions, and plexus blocks is discussed. PMID:18495677

  3. Improved ultrasonic standard reference blocks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eitzen, D. G.; Sushinsky, G. F.; Chwirut, D. J.; Bechtoldt, C. J.; Ruff, A. W.

    1976-01-01

    A program to improve the quality, reproducibility and reliability of nondestructive testing through the development of improved ASTM-type ultrasonic reference standards is described. Reference blocks of aluminum, steel, and titanium alloys are to be considered. Equipment representing the state-of-the-art in laboratory and field ultrasonic equipment was obtained and evaluated. RF and spectral data on ten sets of ultrasonic reference blocks have been taken as part of a task to quantify the variability in response from nominally identical blocks. Techniques for residual stress, preferred orientation, and micro-structural measurements were refined and are applied to a reference block rejected by the manufacturer during fabrication in order to evaluate the effect of metallurgical condition on block response. New fabrication techniques for reference blocks are discussed and ASTM activities are summarized.

  4. Struggling to understand abstract science topics: a Roundhouse diagram-based study

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ward, Robin E.; Wandersee, James H.

    2002-06-01

    This study explored the effects of Roundhouse diagram construction on a previously low-performing middle school science student's struggles to understand abstract science concepts and principles. It is based on a metacognition-based visual learning model proposed by Wandersee in 1994. Ward and Wandersee introduced the Roundhouse diagram strategy and showed how it could be applied in science education. This article aims at elucidating the process by which Roundhouse diagramming helps learners bootstrap their current understandings to reach the intended meaningful understanding of complex science topics. The main findings of this study are that (a) it is crucial that relevant prior knowledge and dysfunctional alternative conceptions not be ignored during new learning if low-performing science students are to understand science well; (b) as the student's mastery of the Roundhouse diagram construction improved, so did science achievement; and (c) the student's apt choice of concept-related visual icons aided progress toward meaningful understanding of complex science concepts.

  5. Selecting samples for paleointensity measurements with FORC diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carvallo, C.; Roberts, A.; Leonhardt, R.; Laj, C.; Kissel, C.; Perrin, M.; Camps, P.

    2005-12-01

    Paleointensity data are vital for a better knowledge of deep-earth processes. The paleointensity database is limited by the high failure rate of paleointensity analysis. Excluding thermal alteration, failure is usually caused by the presence of multi-domain (MD) grains and interactions among grains, two properties that can be identified using first-order reversal curve (FORC) diagrams. We measured FORC diagrams on about 200 samples that had been used for Thellier paleointensity determinations and looked for discrimination criteria for samples that gave acceptable paleointensity results and for samples that failed the experiment. The three most discriminating criteria are the spread of the coercivity peak along the vertical axis of the FORC distribution (FWHM), the spread of the FORC distribution along the Hc = 0 axis (width), and the bulk coercivity Hc. Setting the thresholds at 132 mT for the width of the distribution and 29 mT for the FWHM maximizes the number of unsuccessful rejected samples and minimizes the number of successful rejected samples. Using an additional threshold of Hc = 5.4 mT, 35 unsuccessful samples (34%) could be rejected. Seven samples that satisfy the paleointensity selection criteria would also be rejected using these selection criteria, but these samples did not provide ideal paleointensity determinations. Most of the samples that fail the paleointensity experiment without being detected by our selection criteria show evidence of thermal alteration when heated repeatedly. Considering that thermal alteration is a major cause of failure for paleointensity determinations and that it cannot be detected in room- temperature FORC diagrams, being able to eliminate one third of unsuccessful samples using the FORC diagram-based pre-screening procedure should provide a significant improvement in efficiency of paleointensity measurement time.

  6. Flow Effects on the Flammability Diagrams of Solid Fuels

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cordova, J. L.; Ceamanos, J.; Fernandez-Pello, A. C.; Long, R. T.; Torero, J. L.; Quintiere, J. G.

    1997-01-01

    A research program is currently underway with the final objective of developing a fundamental understanding of the controlling mechanisms underlying the flammability diagrams of solid combustible materials and their derived fire properties. Given that there is a high possibility of an accidental fire occurring in a space-based facility, understanding the fire properties of materials that will be used in such facilities is of critical importance. With this purpose, the flammability diagrams of the materials, as those produced by the Lateral Ignition and Flame Spread Test (LIFT) apparatus and by a new forced flow device, the Forced Flow Ignition and Flame Spread Test (FIST) apparatus, will be obtained. The specific objective of the program is to apply the new flammability apparatus, which will more accurately reflect the potential ambient conditions of space-based environments, to the characterization of the materials for space applications. This paper presents a parametric study of oxidizer flow effects on the ignition curve of the flammability diagrams of PMMA. The dependence of the ignition delay time on the external radiant flux and either the sample width (LIFT) or the flow velocity (FIST) has been studied. Although preliminary, the results indicate that natural and forced convection flow changes, affect the characteristics of the ignition curves of the flammability diagrams. The major effect on the ignition time appears to be due to convective transfer variations at the fuel surface. At high radiant fluxes or high flow velocities, however, it appears that gas phase processes become increasingly important, affecting the overall ignition delay time. A numerical analysis of the solid fuel heating and pyrolysis has also been developed. The theoretical predictions approximate the experiments well for conditions in which the gas phase induction time is negligible.

  7. 40 CFR 68.65 - Process safety information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...information; (2) Permissible exposure limits; (3) Physical data; (4) Reactivity data: (5) Corrosivity data...diagram or simplified process flow diagram; (ii) Process chemistry; (iii) Maximum intended inventory; (iv) Safe...

  8. 40 CFR 68.65 - Process safety information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...information; (2) Permissible exposure limits; (3) Physical data; (4) Reactivity data: (5) Corrosivity data...diagram or simplified process flow diagram; (ii) Process chemistry; (iii) Maximum intended inventory; (iv) Safe...

  9. 40 CFR 68.65 - Process safety information.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...information; (2) Permissible exposure limits; (3) Physical data; (4) Reactivity data: (5) Corrosivity data...diagram or simplified process flow diagram; (ii) Process chemistry; (iii) Maximum intended inventory; (iv) Safe...

  10. EDITORIAL: Nature's building blocks Nature's building blocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Engel, Andreas

    2009-10-01

    The scanning tunnelling microscope (STM), invented by Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer in the early 1980s in the IBM Laboratory in Zurich, and the atomic force microscope (AFM) that followed shortly afterwards, were key developments that initiated a new era in scientific research: nanotechnology. These and related scanning probe microscopes have become fruitful tools in the study of cells, supramolecular assemblies and single biomolecules, as well as other nanoscale structures. In particular, the ability to investigate living matter in native environments made possible by atomic force microscopy, has allowed pronounced progress in biological research. The journal Nanotechnology was the first to serve as a publication platform for this rapidly developing field of science. The journal celebrates its 20th volume with this special issue, which presents a collection of original research articles in various fields of science, but all with the common feature that the structures, processes and functions all take place at the nanometre scale. Scanning probe microscopes are constantly being devised with increasingly sophisticated sensing and actuating features that optimize their performance. However, while these tools continue to provide impressive and informative images of nanoscale systems and allow single molecules to be manipulated with increasing dexterity, a wider field of research activity stimulated either by or for biology has emerged. The unique properties of matter at the nanoscale, such as localized surface plasmons supported by nanostructures, have been exploited in sensors with unprecedented sensitivity. Nanostructures have also found a profitable role in the encapsulation of molecules for 'smart' drug delivery. The potential application of DNA in the self-assembly of nanostructures guided by molecular recognition is another rapidly advancing area of research. In this issue a group of researchers in Germany report how the addition of copper ions can promote the stability of modified double-stranded DNA. They use scanning force microscope observations to provide insights into the energy landscape as DNA complexes form. This research provides just one example of how developments on biological systems are being applied to research across the spectrum of disciplines. This 20th volume special issue provides a snapshot of current state-of-the-art research activity in various areas of nanotechnology, and highlights the breadth and range of research progressing in this field. The developments reported here highlight the continued prominence of biology-related research and promise a bright future for nanotechnology.

  11. Associative list processing unit

    DOEpatents

    Hemmert, Karl Scott; Underwood, Keith D

    2014-04-01

    An associative list processing unit and method comprising employing a plurality of prioritized cell blocks and permitting inserts to occur in a single clock cycle if all of the cell blocks are not full.

  12. 2. Oracle Designer I: ER-Diagrams 2-1 Part 2: ER-Diagrams

    E-print Network

    Brass, Stefan

    2. Oracle Designer I: ER-Diagrams 2-1 Part 2: ER-Diagrams in Oracle Designer References: · Barker. · Koletzke/Dorsey: Oracle Designer Handbook, 2nd Edition. ORACLE Press, 1998, ISBN 0-07-882417-6, ca. $40. · A. Lulushi: Inside Oracle Designer/2000. Prentice Hall, 1998, ISBN 0-13-849753-2, ca. $50. · Oracle

  13. The Semiotic Structure of Geometry Diagrams: How Textbook Diagrams Convey Meaning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dimmel, Justin K.; Herbst, Patricio G.

    2015-01-01

    Geometry diagrams use the visual features of specific drawn objects to convey meaning about generic mathematical entities. We examine the semiotic structure of these visual features in two parts. One, we conduct a semiotic inquiry to conceptualize geometry diagrams as mathematical texts that comprise choices from different semiotic systems. Two,…

  14. Voronoi diagram of a circle set from Voronoi diagram of a point set: I. Topology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Deok-soo Kim; Donguk Kim; Kokichi Sugihara

    2001-01-01

    In this and the following papers, we present an algorithm to compute the exact Voronoi diagram of a circle set from the Voronoi diagram of a point set. The circles are located in a two dimensional Euclidean space, the radii of the circles are non-negative and not necessarily equal, and the circles are allowed to intersect each other.The idea of

  15. 6. UML Class Diagrams 6-1 Part 6: UML Class Diagrams

    E-print Network

    Brass, Stefan

    6. UML Class Diagrams 6-1 Part 6: UML Class Diagrams References: · Grady Booch, James Rumbaugh Scott: UML Distilled, Second Edition. Addison-Wesley, 2000, ISBN 0-201-65783-X, 185 pages. · Terry Quatrani: Visual Modeling with Rational Rose 2000 and UML. Addison-Wesley, 2000, ISBN 0-201-69961-3, 256

  16. Measurement of Eye Diagrams and Constellation Diagrams of Optical Sources Using Linear Optics and Waveguide Technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. Dorrer; Christopher Richard Doerr; I. Kang; Roland Ryf; J. Leuthold; P. J. Winzer

    2005-01-01

    We demonstrate the characterization of optical sources with high sensitivity, high temporal resolution, and phase sensitivity using linear optical sampling. Eye diagrams and constellation diagrams are reconstructed using the interference of the source under test with a train of sampling pulses. This concept is implemented using a waveguide optical hybrid, which splits and recombines the sources and adjusts the phase

  17. Feasibility of blocking detection in observations from radio occultation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brunner, Lukas; Steiner, Andrea Karin; Scherllin-Pirscher, Barbara; Jury, Martin

    2015-04-01

    Blocking describes an atmospheric situation in which the climatological westerly flow at mid latitudes is weakened or reversed. This is caused by a persistent high pressure system which can be stationary for several days to weeks. In the Northern Hemisphere blocking preferably occurs over the Atlantic/European and the Pacific regions. In recent years blocking has been under close scientific investigation due to its effect on weather extremes, triggering heat waves in summer and cold spells in winter. So far, scientific literature mainly focused on the investigation of blocking in reanalysis and global climate model data sets. However, blocking is underestimated in most climate models due to small-scale processes involved in its evolution. For a detection of blocking, most commonly applied methods are based on the computation of meridional geopotential height gradients at the 500 hPa level. Therefore measurements with adequate vertical, horizontal, and temporal resolution and coverage are required. We use an observational data set based on Global Positioning System (GPS) Radio Occultation (RO) measurements fulfilling these requirements. RO is a relatively new, satellite based remote sensing technique, delivering profiles of atmospheric parameters such as geopotential height, pressure, and temperature. It is characterized by favorable properties like long-term stability, global coverage, and high vertical resolution. Our data set is based on the most recent WEGC RO retrieval. Here we report on a feasibility study for blocking detection and analysis in RO data for two exemplary blocking events: the blocking over Russia in summer 2010 and the blocking over Greenland in late winter 2013. For these two events about 700 RO measurements per day are available in the Northern Hemisphere. We will show that the measurement density and quality of RO observations are favorable for blocking analysis and can therefore contribute to blocking research.

  18. Introduction to causal diagrams for confounder selection.

    PubMed

    Williamson, Elizabeth J; Aitken, Zoe; Lawrie, Jock; Dharmage, Shyamali C; Burgess, John A; Forbes, Andrew B

    2014-04-01

    In respiratory health research, interest often lies in estimating the effect of an exposure on a health outcome. If randomization of the exposure of interest is not possible, estimating its effect is typically complicated by confounding bias. This can often be dealt with by controlling for the variables causing the confounding, if measured, in the statistical analysis. Common statistical methods used to achieve this include multivariable regression models adjusting for selected confounding variables or stratification on those variables. Therefore, a key question is which measured variables need to be controlled for in order to remove confounding. An approach to confounder-selection based on the use of causal diagrams (often called directed acyclic graphs) is discussed. A causal diagram is a visual representation of the causal relationships believed to exist between the variables of interest, including the exposure, outcome and potential confounding variables. After creating a causal diagram for the research question, an intuitive and easy-to-use set of rules can be applied, based on a foundation of rigorous mathematics, to decide which measured variables must be controlled for in the statistical analysis in order to remove confounding, to the extent that is possible using the available data. This approach is illustrated by constructing a causal diagram for the research question: 'Does personal smoking affect the risk of subsequent asthma?'. Using data taken from the Tasmanian Longitudinal Health Study, the statistical analysis suggested by the causal diagram approach was performed. PMID:24447391

  19. On phase diagrams of magnetic reconnection

    SciTech Connect

    Cassak, P. A. [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States)] [Department of Physics, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia 26506 (United States); Drake, J. F. [IREAP, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-3511 (United States)] [IREAP, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742-3511 (United States)

    2013-06-15

    Recently, “phase diagrams” of magnetic reconnection were developed to graphically organize the present knowledge of what type, or phase, of reconnection is dominant in systems with given characteristic plasma parameters. Here, a number of considerations that require caution in using the diagrams are pointed out. First, two known properties of reconnection are omitted from the diagrams: the history dependence of reconnection and the absence of reconnection for small Lundquist number. Second, the phase diagrams mask a number of features. For one, the predicted transition to Hall reconnection should be thought of as an upper bound on the Lundquist number, and it may happen for considerably smaller values. Second, reconnection is never “slow,” it is always “fast” in the sense that the normalized reconnection rate is always at least 0.01. This has important implications for reconnection onset models. Finally, the definition of the relevant Lundquist number is nuanced and may differ greatly from the value based on characteristic scales. These considerations are important for applications of the phase diagrams. This is demonstrated by example for solar flares, where it is argued that it is unlikely that collisional reconnection can occur in the corona.

  20. Block copolymer self-assembly for nanophotonics.

    PubMed

    Stefik, Morgan; Guldin, Stefan; Vignolini, Silvia; Wiesner, Ulrich; Steiner, Ullrich

    2015-07-20

    The ability to control and modulate the interaction of light with matter is crucial to achieve desired optical properties including reflection, transmission, and selective polarization. Photonic materials rely upon precise control over the composition and morphology to establish periodic interactions with light on the wavelength and sub-wavelength length scales. Supramolecular assembly provides a natural solution allowing the encoding of a desired 3D architecture into the chemical building blocks and assembly conditions. The compatibility with solution processing and low-overhead manufacturing is a significant advantage over more complex approaches such as lithography or colloidal assembly. Here we review recent advances on photonic architectures derived from block copolymers and highlight the influence and complexity of processing pathways. Notable examples that have emerged from this unique synthesis platform include Bragg reflectors, antireflective coatings, and chiral metamaterials. We further predict expanded photonic capabilities and limits of these approaches in light of future developments of the field. PMID:25856171

  1. The renormalon diagram in gauge theories on

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anber, Mohamed M.; Sulejmanpasic, Tin

    2015-01-01

    We analyze the renormalon diagram of gauge theories on . In particular, we perform exact one loop calculations for the vacuum polarization in QCD with adjoint matter and observe that all infrared logarithms, as functions of the external momentum, cancel between the vacuum part and finite volume part, which eliminates the IR renormalon problem. We argue that the singularities in the Borel plane, arising from the topological neutral bions, are not associated with the renormalon diagram, but with the proliferation of the Feynman diagrams. As a byproduct, we obtain, for the first time, an exact one-loop result of the vacuum polarization which can be adapted to the case of thermal compactification of QCD.

  2. Techniques for Calculating two-loop Diagrams

    E-print Network

    J. Fleischer; O. L. Veretin

    1999-01-25

    Methods developed by the Bielefeld-DESY-Dubna collaboration in recent years are: DIANA (DIagram ANAlyser), a program to produce ``FORM input'' for Feynman diagrams, starting from the Feynman rules; methods to calculate scalar diagrams: Taylor expansion in small momenta squared in connection with a mapping and the Pad\\'{e} method to sum the series. Recently program packages for the large mass expansion were written and applied to the $Z \\to b\\bar{b}$ decay. Reviews of these activities were presented in the proceedings of the Ustro\\'{n} '97 and Rheinsberg '98 conferences. Here we concentrate on recent developements in the large mass expansion, applied to the two-loop contribution of the $Z \\to b\\bar{b}$ decay in the $m_b=0$ approximation, taking into account higher order terms of the expansion in $M_W^2/m_t^2$.

  3. Array architectures for block matching algorithms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    T. Komarek; P. Pirsch

    1989-01-01

    A description is given of VLSI architectures for block-matching algorithms utilizing systolic array processors. A well-known mapping procedure has been applied to derive the array processors from the algorithm. Examples of two- and one-dimensional systolic arrays are presented. The transistor-count of the architectures using presently available CMOS technology and their maximum processable frame rates for real-time computation of video signals

  4. REVERSE FISHBONE DIAGRAM: A TOOL IN AID OF DESIGN FOR PRODUCT RETIREMENT

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kosuke Ishii; Burton Lee

    1996-01-01

    This paper describes a schematic representation of product retirement specification that aids in design for recycling and reuse. In the past decade, graphical representation of assembly process called the assembly fishbone diagram, has effectively assisted engineers to conduct design for assembly (DFA) and process failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA). On the other hand, environmentally conscious manufacturing requires engineers to

  5. Enhancing Learning Effectiveness through Connectance Diagrams: A New Tool for Learning Organisations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lim, Sirirat Sae; Tan, Kim Hua; Platts, Ken

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of a particular approach for increasing knowledge creation in organisation. The paper provides a discussion of related concepts, processes, and a tool. Design/methodology/approach: This paper describes the reasons for drawing connectance diagrams, the process and the software. It also…

  6. INLAND DISSOLVED SALT CHEMISTRY: STATISTICAL EVALUATION OF BIVARIATE AND TERNARY DIAGRAM MODELS FOR SURFACE AND SUBSURFACE WATERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    We compared the use of ternary and bivariate diagrams to distinguish the effects of atmospheric precipitation, rock weathering, and evaporation on inland surface and subsurface water chemistry. The three processes could not be statistically differentiated using bivariate models e...

  7. Block Transfer Agreement Evaluation Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bastedo, Helena

    2010-01-01

    The objective of this project is to evaluate for the British Columbia Council on Admissions and Transfer (BCCAT) the effectiveness of block transfer agreements (BTAs) in the BC Transfer System and recommend steps to be taken to improve their effectiveness. Findings of this study revealed that institutions want to expand block credit transfer;…

  8. California Energy Commission BLOCK GRANT

    E-print Network

    California Energy Commission BLOCK GRANT GUIDELINES (FORMULA-BASED GRANTS) ENERGY EFFICIENCY CONSERVATION BLOCK GRANT PROGRAM ADOPTED BY THE CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION OCTOBER 7, 2009 CEC-150 Grant (EECBG) Program Guidelines 1. Background The California Energy Commission1 (Energy Commission) has

  9. The Effects of Block Scheduling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rettig, Michael D.; Canady, Robert Lynn

    1999-01-01

    Research reveals important generalizations about block scheduling. A/B schedules are easier to implement than 4/4 schedules, which must be adapted to allow some year-long courses. Merely changing the school bell schedule will not guarantee better student performance. However, block scheduling typically improves climate, attendance, and…

  10. Ring laser gyro block stiffener

    SciTech Connect

    Berg, R.T.

    1987-07-07

    This patent describes a laser motion sensing device, comprising in combination: a block with a passage formed therein defining a lasing path; a cavity in the block with its longitudinal axis oriented generally perpendicular to the lasing path; and a radially expandable ring shaped member in the cavity engaging the walls with ring member including means for rigidly expanding with substantially zero axial deflection.

  11. Adjustable-Angle Drill Block

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gallimore, F. H.

    1986-01-01

    Adjustable angular drill block accurately transfers hole patterns from mating surfaces not normal to each other. Block applicable to transfer of nonperpendicular holes in mating contoured assemblies in aircraft industry. Also useful in general manufacturing to transfer mating installation holes to irregular and angular surfaces.

  12. Stein Block Thresholding For Image C. Chesneau a; J. Fadili b J.-L. Starck c

    E-print Network

    Recanati, Catherine

    Stein Block Thresholding For Image Denoising C. Chesneau a;#3; J. Fadili b J.-L. Starck c in this paper. Key words: block denoising, Stein block, wavelet transform, curvelet transform, fast algorithm #3, Caen Cedex, France. b GREYC CNRS-ENSICAEN-Universit#19;e de Caen, Image Processing Group, 14050, Caen

  13. Novel block matching algorithm using predictive motion vector for video object tracking based on color histogram

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. G. Chitaliya; A. I. Trivedi

    2011-01-01

    Block matching motion estimation plays significant role for video processing and Computer Vision. Various methods based on mean shift and particle trackers are used to track the object on video sequence. Block matching algorithm is normally used for video compression technique. A novel, simple and fast block matching algorithm has been proposed using predictive motion vector for object tracking. Color

  14. Sync Pulse Usage in CASPER DSP Blocks Henry Chen, Peter McMahon, Aaron Parsons

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Sync Pulse Usage in CASPER DSP Blocks Henry Chen, Peter McMahon, Aaron Parsons August 1, 2008 1 Overview Most CASPER DSP blocks have a streaming architecture in which, after some initialization period to the reconfigurable, black-box nature of the CASPER DSP library, processing latency through a block varies depending

  15. Improved ultrasonic standard reference blocks

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Eitzen, D. G.

    1975-01-01

    A program to improve the quality, reproducibility and reliability of nondestructive testing through the development of improved ASTM-type ultrasonic reference standards is described. Reference blocks of aluminum, steel, and titanium alloys were considered. Equipment representing the state-of-the-art in laboratory and field ultrasonic equipment was obtained and evaluated. Some RF and spectral data on ten sets of ultrasonic reference blocks were taken as part of a task to quantify the variability in response from nominally identical blocks. Techniques for residual stress, preferred orientation, and microstructural measurements were refined and are applied to a reference block rejected by the manufacturer during fabrication in order to evaluate the effect of metallurgical condition on block response.

  16. Block copolymer nanolithography for the fabrication of patterned media.

    SciTech Connect

    Warke, Vishal V [ORNL; Bakker, Martin G [ORNL; Hong, Kunlun [ORNL; Mays, Jimmy [ORNL; Britt, Phillip F [ORNL; Li, Xuefa [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL); Wang, Jin [Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Bit patterned perpendicular media has the potential to increase the density of magnetic recording beyond what can be achieved by granular media. Self assembling diblock copolymers are of interest as templates for patterned media, as they potentially provide a low cost fabrication route. A method to fabricate the desired pattern using cylinder forming diblock copolymers of (PS-b-PMMA) as template is reported. Upon phase separation hexagonally packed cylinders of the minority phase (PMMA) surrounded by the continuous majority phase (PS) are obtained. The processing sequence began with spin coating the block copolymer on a suitable substrate, followed by annealing the block copolymer thin film in vacuum to orient it perpendicular to the substrate. Block copolymer templates were obtained by glacial acetic acid treatment which opened the pores in the block copolymer thin film. Ni was electrodeposited in the block copolymer templates and this pattern was then transferred onto the underlying substrate by ion milling

  17. CS-US temporal relations in blocking

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeffrey C. Amundson; Ralph R. Miller

    2008-01-01

    In four trace-conditioning experiments with rats, the influence on the blocking of differences between the blocking cue-unconditioned\\u000a stimulus (US) and the blocked cue-US trace intervals was explored. Experiment 1 demonstrated blocking despite the blocked\\u000a cue’s having a shorter trace interval than the blocking cue in both elemental (Phase 1) and compound (Phase 2) training. In\\u000a Experiment 2, blocking was attenuated

  18. Domain-Specific Languages and Diagram Customization for a Concurrent Engineering Environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Cole, Bjorn; Dubos, Greg; Banazadeh, Payam; Reh, Jonathan; Case, Kelley; Wang, Yeou-Fang; Jones, Susan; Picha, Frank

    2013-01-01

    A major open question for advocates of Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) is the question of how system and subsystem engineers will work together. The Systems Modeling Language (SysML), like any language intended for a large audience, is in tension between the desires for simplicity and for expressiveness. In order to be more expressive, many specialized language elements may be introduced, which will unfortunately make a complete understanding of the language a more daunting task. While this may be acceptable for systems modelers, it will increase the challenge of including subsystem engineers in the modeling effort. One possible answer to this situation is the use of Domain-Specific Languages (DSL), which are fully supported by the Unified Modeling Language (UML). SysML is in fact a DSL for systems engineering. The expressive power of a DSL can be enhanced through the use of diagram customization. Various domains have already developed their own schematic vocabularies. Within the space engineering community, two excellent examples are the propulsion and telecommunication subsystems. A return to simple box-and-line diagrams (e.g., the SysML Internal Block Diagram) are in many ways a step backward. In order allow subsystem engineers to contribute directly to the model, it is necessary to make a system modeling tool at least approximate in accessibility to drawing tools like Microsoft PowerPoint and Visio. The challenge is made more extreme in a concurrent engineering environment, where designs must often be drafted in an hour or two. In the case of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Team X concurrent design team, a subsystem is specified using a combination of PowerPoint for drawing and Excel for calculation. A pilot has been undertaken in order to meld the drawing portion and the production of master equipment lists (MELs) via a SysML authoring tool, MagicDraw. Team X currently interacts with its customers in a process of sharing presentations. There are several inefficiencies that arise from this situation. The first is that a customer team must wait two weeks to a month (which is 2-4 times the duration of most Team X studies themselves) for a finalized, detailed design description. Another is that this information must be re-entered by hand into the set of engineering artifacts and design tools that the mission concept team uses after a study is complete. Further, there is no persistent connection to Team X or institutionally shared formulation design tools and data after a given study, again reducing the direct reuse of designs created in a Team X study. This paper presents the underpinnings of subsystem DSLs as they were developed for this pilot. This includes specialized semantics for different domains as well as the process by which major categories of objects were derived in support of defining the DSLs. The feedback given to us by the domain experts on usability, along with a pilot study with the partial inclusion of these tools is also discussed.

  19. Computing eigenvectors of block tridiagonal matrices based on twisted block factorizations.

    PubMed

    König, Gerhard; Moldaschl, Michael; Gansterer, Wilfried N

    2012-09-01

    New methods for computing eigenvectors of symmetric block tridiagonal matrices based on twisted block factorizations are explored. The relation of the block where two twisted factorizations meet to an eigenvector of the block tridiagonal matrix is reviewed. Based on this, several new algorithmic strategies for computing the eigenvector efficiently are motivated and designed. The underlying idea is to determine a good starting vector for an inverse iteration process from the twisted block factorizations such that a good eigenvector approximation can be computed with a single step of inverse iteration. An implementation of the new algorithms is presented and experimental data for runtime behaviour and numerical accuracy based on a wide range of test cases are summarized. Compared with competing state-of-the-art tridiagonalization-based methods, the algorithms proposed here show strong reductions in runtime, especially for very large matrices and/or small bandwidths. The residuals of the computed eigenvectors are in general comparable with state-of-the-art methods. In some cases, especially for strongly clustered eigenvalues, a loss in orthogonality of some eigenvectors is observed. This is not surprising, and future work will focus on investigating ways for improving these cases. PMID:23471102

  20. Three-Dimensional Feature Diagrams Visualization

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pablo Trinidad; Antonio Ruiz Cortés; David Benavides; Sergio Segura

    2008-01-01

    Visualizing and manipulating large feature diagrams is still an open issue for the SPL community. Few effort has been made on improving the techniques to get the most out of drawing space and current feature modeling tools either use file-system-like trees or 2D graphs that must be scrolled to locate features. The aim of this paper is presenting a new

  1. Commutation classes of double wiring diagrams

    E-print Network

    Dukes, Patrick

    2010-01-01

    We describe a new method for computing the graph of commutation classes of double wiring diagrams. Using these methods we compute the graph for five strings or less which allows us to confirm a positivity conjecture of Fomin and Zelevinsky when n is less than five .

  2. Taylor Expansion Diagrams: A Canonical Representation for

    E-print Network

    Kalla, Priyank

    ], Binary Moment Diagrams (BMDs) [2], and their variants (PHDDs [3], K*BMDs [4], etc.) play an important equivalence verification of designs specified at the behavioral level [5], [6]. Similar to BDDs and BMDs, TED is a canonical, graph-based represen- tation. In contrast to BDDs and BMDs, TED is based on a nonbinary

  3. An ASM Semantics for UML Activity Diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Egon Börger; Alessandra Cavarra; Elvinia Riccobene

    2000-01-01

    . We provide a rigorous semantics for one of the central diagramtypes which are used in UML for the description of dynamicalsystem behavior, namely activity diagrams. We resolve for these diagramssome of the ambiguities which arise from dierent interpretationsof UML models. Since we phrase our denition in terms of Abstract StateMachines, we dene at the same time an interesting subclass

  4. Phase diagram of half doped manganites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luis Brey

    2005-01-01

    An analysis of the properties of half doped manganites is presented. We buildup the phase diagram of the system combining a realistic calculation of the electronic properties and a mean field treatment of the temperature effects. The electronic structure of the manganites are described with a double exchange model with cooperative Jahn-Teller phonons and antiferromagnetic coupling between the Mn core

  5. Enhanced Pomeron diagrams: Resummation of unitarity cuts

    SciTech Connect

    Ostapchenko, S. [Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Institut fuer Kernphysik, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); D.V. Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Moscow State University, 119992 Moscow (Russian Federation)

    2008-02-01

    Unitarity cuts of enhanced Pomeron diagrams are analyzed in the framework of the Reggeon field theory. Assuming the validity of the Abramovskii-Gribov-Kancheli cutting rules, we derive a complete set of cut nonloop enhanced graphs and observe important cancellations between certain subclasses of the latter. We demonstrate also how the present method can be generalized to take into consideration Pomeron loop contributions.

  6. Solar magnetic flux tube emergence diagram

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. AmbroŽ; E. V. Kononovich

    1994-01-01

    It is emphasized that photospheric downdrafts represent the main feature common to both quit and active regions of the solar atmosphere. The results of the magnetic field transport velocity calculations are used to specify the convection zone magnetic structure. The concept of combined interface and convection dynamo is suggested. A time-spatial diagram is proposed to represent an active region evolution.

  7. Fission stability diagram of sup 240 Pu

    SciTech Connect

    Garcias, F.; Barranco, M.; Wio, H.S. (Departament de Fisica, Universitat de ses Illes Balears, E-07071 Palma de Mallorca, Spain (ES)); Ngo, C. (Laboratoire National Saturne, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France); Nemeth, J. (Institute of Theoretical Physics, Eotvos University, H-1088 Budapest, Hungary)

    1989-09-01

    We have used an axially symmetric deformed Thomas-Fermi model to evaluate the fission barrier of {sup 240}Pu as a function of the quadrupole moment {ital Q}{sub 2} for different values of the angular momentum {ital L} and temperature {ital T}. The fission stability diagram of this nucleus is investigated.

  8. Complexities of One-Component Phase Diagrams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ciccioli, Andrea; Glasser, Leslie

    2011-01-01

    For most materials, the solid at and near the triple-point temperature is denser than the liquid with which it is in equilibrium. However, for water and certain other materials, the densities of the phases are reversed, with the solid being less dense. The profound consequences for the appearance of the "pVT" diagram of one-component materials…

  9. Fog Machines, Vapors, and Phase Diagrams

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vitz, Ed

    2008-01-01

    A series of demonstrations is described that elucidate the operation of commercial fog machines by using common laboratory equipment and supplies. The formation of fogs, or "mixing clouds", is discussed in terms of the phase diagram for water and other chemical principles. The demonstrations can be adapted for presentation suitable for elementary…

  10. The Binary Temperature-Composition Phase Diagram

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanders, Philip C.; Reeves, James H.; Messina, Michael

    2006-01-01

    The equations for the liquid and gas lines in the binary temperature-composition phase diagram are derived by approximating that delta(H)[subscript vap] of the two liquids are equal. It is shown that within this approximation, the resulting equations are not too difficult to present in an undergraduate physical chemistry lecture.

  11. Thermal analysis and alloy phase diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Ferro; A. Saccone

    2004-01-01

    A summary of the activity performed in the investigation of metallic alloys over many years is presented.General attention is given to research carried out by using thermoanalytical techniques and their application to the determination of phase diagrams. The results obtained in the systematic investigation of several binary and ternary systems involving rare earth metals are briefly outlined and discussed within

  12. NFHS Court and Field Diagram Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillis, John, Ed.

    This guide contains a comprehensive collection of diagrams and specifications of playing fields and courts used in interscholastic and recreational sports, along with information on how to set up various formats of tournament drawings, how to compute golf handicaps, and how to convert metric-to-English distances. Lists are provided of national…

  13. Near Earth Objects Program: Orbit Diagrams

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    NASA JPL Near Earth Object Program

    This page provides access to diagrams of the orbits of a very large number of objects in the asteroid belt as well as comets that cross Earth's orbit. The collection is searchable by object name or designation and users can also browse through an extensive list of potentially hazardous asteroids.

  14. Ink Features for Diagram Recognition Rachel Patel

    E-print Network

    Goodman, James R.

    Ink Features for Diagram Recognition Rachel Patel 1 , Beryl Plimmer 1 , John Grundy 1, 2 , Ross of formal methods to select the most appropriate ink features for recognition algorithms. We have used a statistical approach to identify the most important distinguishing features of ink for dividing text

  15. Phase diagram of spiking neural networks.

    PubMed

    Seyed-Allaei, Hamed

    2015-01-01

    In computer simulations of spiking neural networks, often it is assumed that every two neurons of the network are connected by a probability of 2%, 20% of neurons are inhibitory and 80% are excitatory. These common values are based on experiments, observations, and trials and errors, but here, I take a different perspective, inspired by evolution, I systematically simulate many networks, each with a different set of parameters, and then I try to figure out what makes the common values desirable. I stimulate networks with pulses and then measure their: dynamic range, dominant frequency of population activities, total duration of activities, maximum rate of population and the occurrence time of maximum rate. The results are organized in phase diagram. This phase diagram gives an insight into the space of parameters - excitatory to inhibitory ratio, sparseness of connections and synaptic weights. This phase diagram can be used to decide the parameters of a model. The phase diagrams show that networks which are configured according to the common values, have a good dynamic range in response to an impulse and their dynamic range is robust in respect to synaptic weights, and for some synaptic weights they oscillates in ? or ? frequencies, independent of external stimuli. PMID:25788885

  16. International Symposium on Fundamental Diagram -,,Greenshields 75"

    E-print Network

    Bertini, Robert L.

    International Symposium on Fundamental Diagram - ,,Greenshields 75" Influence of Various@pk.edu.pl sgaca@pk.edu.pl #12;With less freedom of traffic, the average speed of traffic flow decreases. This can be seen in all models, which represent relationships between the speed of a traffic stream V , flow Q

  17. Abstract Euler Diagram Isomorphism Gem Stapleton

    E-print Network

    Kent, University of

    g.e.stapleton@brighton.ac.uk Andrew Fish Visual Modelling Group University of Brighton, UK andrew.fish. This equivalence means that the techniques presented in this paper are applicable to hypergraphs. After providing some method for embed- ding curves in the plane. Diagram generation using these algorithms is a time

  18. Constructing Causal Diagrams to Learn Deliberation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Easterday, Matthew W.; Aleven, Vincent; Scheines, Richard; Carver, Sharon M.

    2009-01-01

    Policy problems like "What should we do about global warming?" are ill-defined in large part because we do not agree on a system to represent them the way we agree Algebra problems should be represented by equations. As a first step toward building a policy deliberation tutor, we investigated: (a) whether causal diagrams help students learn to…

  19. Snell's Law with Large Blocks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lynch, John J.

    2007-03-01

    The introductory physics lab curriculum usually has one experiment devoted to the study of the refraction of light. The most obvious way to study the refraction of light is to lay a transparent block down on the lab bench and aim a laser beam horizontally at the block so that it refracts twice—inward upon entering the block and outward upon exiting. The vendors that provide us with lab equipment (Sargent-Welch, PASCO, Fisher Scientific, and Frey Scientific to name a few) sell acrylic blocks for this very purpose, but these are either too small or they are too expensive. If students are going to measure angles of incidence and refraction, the blocks should be larger than the typical student protractor, which has a radius of 3 in (? 7½ cm). These blocks are just not large enough. They are generally not thick enough either so that the beam from a typical laser passes over them and not through them. The vendors mentioned above do sell blackboard optics kits that contain, among other parts, three blocks that are large enough—on the order of 10 to 20 cm. Unfortunately, these kits cost more than 1000.

  20. Criminal Justice Systems. Block I: Law Enforcement. Block II: The Courts. Block III: Corrections. Block IV: Community Relations. Block V: Proficiency Skills. Block VI: Criminalistics. Student Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Florida State Dept. of Education, Tallahassee. Div. of Vocational, Adult, and Community Education.

    This student guide together with an instructor guide comprise a set of curriculum materials on the criminal justice system. The student guide contains self-contained instructional material that students can study at their own pace most of the time. Six major subject areas or blocks, which are further broken down into several units, with some units…

  1. Molecular transfer printing using block copolymers.

    PubMed

    Ji, Shengxiang; Liu, Chi-Chun; Liu, Guoliang; Nealey, Paul F

    2010-02-23

    Soft lithographic techniques augment or enhance the capabilities of traditional patterning processes and expand the diversity of materials that can be patterned. Realization of robust parallel techniques for creating chemical patterns at the nanoscale has been challenging. Here we present a method for creating and replicating chemical patterns that uses functionalized homopolymer inks that are preferentially segregated into the nanodomains of phase-separated diblock copolymer films. The inks are transferred by reaction to substrates that are brought into contact with block copolymer films, creating chemical patterns on the substrate that mirror the domain structure present at the film surface with high fidelity and resolution. In addition to printing from self-assembled domain structures, we can also direct the assembly of the block copolymer films from which transfer occurs using lithographically defined masters so as to replicate and transfer patterns of inks with controlled and well-defined geometries. The transferred patterns may be at higher resolution than the lithographically defined master, and the process can be repeated to create multiple copies of identical replicas. Transfer of one ink from one block of the copolymer is also possible, and filling the interspatial regions of the pattern with a second ink provides a pathway toward creating patterns with diverse chemical functionalities. PMID:20041629

  2. Fluvial entrainment of low density peat blocks (block carbon)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warburton, Jeff

    2014-05-01

    In many fluvial environments low density materials are transported in significant quantities and these form an important part of the stream load and /or have a distinct impact on sedimentation in these environments. However, there are significant gaps in understanding of how these materials are entrained and transported by streams and rivers. Eroding upland peatland environments in particular, frequently have fluvial systems in which large eroded peat blocks, often exceeding 1 m in length; form an important component of the stream material flux. Transport of this material is significant in determining rates of erosion but also has important impacts in terms of damage to infrastructure and carbon loss. This paper describes a field experiment designed to establish for the first time the conditions under which large peat blocks (c. > 0.1 m b axis) are initially entrained from a rough gravel bed. The field site is Trout Beck, in the North Pennines, Northern England which is an upland wandering river channel with occasional lateral and mid channel bars. Mean low flow stage is typically 0.2 m but during flood can rapidly rise, in one to two hours, to over 1.5 m. To study peat block entrainment a bespoke data acquisition system consisting of two pressure transducers, four release triggers and time lapse camera was set up. The pressure transducers provided a record of local depth and the release triggers were embedded in peat blocks to record initial motion and arranged on the rough stream bed. The time lapse camera provided verification of timing of block entrainment (during daylight hours) and also provided information on the mechanism of initial movement. Peat blocks were cut from a local source and were equidimensional, ranging in size from 0.1 to 0.7 m. The derived entrainment function is related to a critical depth of entrainment. Results demonstrate that peat blocks are entrained when the local depth approximates the height of the peat block. Blocks frequently shift position prior to entrainment but once entrained are rapidly transported downstream. Because of the rough stream bed local depth, measured on the four sides of the block varies markedly and needs to be considered in developing an appropriate entrainment function and; is useful in explaining initial movement prior to entrainment. In some experiments a small accelerometer (HOBO Pendant G data logger) was used to investigate transport dynamics following entrainment. Further work will seek to improve the entrainment function by extending the size range of tests, developing a shear stress related function and investigating the importance of block shape (rounding) on entrainment.

  3. Bifurcation Diagrams and Generalized Bifurcation Diagrams for a rotational model of an oblate satellite

    E-print Network

    Mariusz Tarnopolski

    2013-06-13

    This paper presents bifurcation and generalized bifurcation diagrams for a rotational model of an oblate satellite. Special attention is paid to parameter values describing one of Saturn's moons, Hyperion. For various oblateness the largest Lyapunov Characteristic Exponent (LCE) is plotted. The largest LCE in the initial condition as well as in the mixed parameter-initial condition space exhibits a fractal structure, for which the fractal dimension was calculated. It results from the bifurcation diagrams of which most of the parameter values for preselected initial conditions lead to chaotic rotation. The First Recurrence Time (FRT) diagram provides an explanation of the birth of chaos and the existence of quasi-periodic windows occuring in the bifurcation diagrams.

  4. A Power-Efficiency Diagram for Performance Evaluation of Cryocoolers

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Razani, A.; Flake, B.; Yarbrough, S.; Abhyankar, N. S.

    2004-06-01

    The power-efficiency diagram is a simple and convenient tool to characterize the performance of energy systems. In exergy analysis, the power and efficiency can be represented by the rate of exergy transfer to the cold reservoir and the exergetic efficiency of the cryocooler, respectively. Examples from the thermal performance plots generated in our laboratory indicate that the power-efficiency diagram for cryocoolers are loop-shaped curves characterized by a compromise between power (exergy transfer rate to the cold reservoir) and the exergetic efficiency of the system. The effect of heat rejection temperature on system irreversibility and efficiency is investigated. A simple thermal model, including system heat-leak and heat-rejection temperature, for pulse tube cryocoolers is developed to evaluate the irreversibility due to thermal losses as compared to minimum system irreversibility. Based on non-equilibrium thermodynamic analysis, thermodynamic forces and fluxes for both the driver process (electrical energy) and the driven process (cooling) are identified for pulse tube cryocoolers and the phenomenological relations characterizing the Orifice Pulse Tube Refrigerator (OPTR) is found to be nonlinear.

  5. Three-dimensional nanofabrication by block copolymer self-assembly.

    PubMed

    Ross, Caroline A; Berggren, Karl K; Cheng, Joy Y; Jung, Yeon Sik; Chang, Jae-Byum

    2014-07-01

    Thin films of block copolymers are widely seen as enablers for nanoscale fabrication of semiconductor devices, membranes, and other structures, taking advantage of microphase separation to produce well-organized nanostructures with periods of a few nm and above. However, the inherently three-dimensional structure of block copolymer microdomains could enable them to make 3D devices and structures directly, which could lead to efficient fabrication of complex heterogeneous structures. This article reviews recent progress in developing 3D nanofabrication processes based on block copolymers. PMID:24706521

  6. The Circle Block Print

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Annita

    2011-01-01

    Most students enjoy the printing process. Some may have experimented with printing in the past using found objects or cutouts made of cardboard. In this article, students create a design on a pie-shaped piece and then repeat it to make a radial design.

  7. Toughness in block copolymer modified epoxies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Declet-Perez, Carmelo

    One of the major shortcomings preventing the widespread use of epoxy resins in engineering applications is the inherent brittleness of these materials. The incorporation of small amounts of amphiphilic block copolymers into the formulation is one of the most promising strategies to toughen epoxies. These molecules are known to form nanostructures in the epoxy resin that can be preserved upon curing. This strategy is very attractive since significant enhancements in toughness can be obtained without detrimental effects on other properties of the matrix. Despite many examples of successful implementation, an in-depth understanding of the factors that lead to toughness in block copolymer modified epoxies is still elusive. The goal of this dissertation is to understand, first, the deformation mechanisms leading to toughness and, second, how different formulation parameters affect these processes. In this work we used two types of block copolymer modifiers, which produced nanostructures with different physical properties. These block copolymers self-assembled into well-dispersed spherical micelles with either rubbery or glassy cores in various epoxy formulations. Both of these modifiers toughened different epoxy formulations, although to different extents. The rubbery core micelles consistently outperformed the glassy core micelles by roughly a factor of two. While the toughening afforded by the rubbery core micelles was consistent with the current understanding of toughening, the results from the glassy core micelles could not be explained with the same reasoning. In order to understand the deformation mechanisms leading to different levels of toughness, we performed small-angle x-ray scattering experiments while simultaneously deforming our material. This combination of techniques, referred to as in-situ SAXS, allowed us to monitor changes in the structure of the block copolymer micelles as a result of the applied load. With this technique, we showed that the rubbery core micelles undergo a dilatational process while the glassy core micelles deform with constant volume. These results provide definitive evidence of cavitation in rubbery nanodomains, a result anticipated by theoretical calculations. The notion of cavitation is useful in understanding the toughness enhancement of the rubbery core micelles; however, it does not explain the toughening from the glassy core micelles. To explain the toughening afforded by the glassy core micelles we proposed the idea of network disruption in the region spanned by the corona block. We suggested that this mechanism is also capable of initiating plastic deformation of the matrix, although to a lesser extent than cavitation. Accordingly, the main toughening mechanism in block copolymer modified epoxies is plastic deformation of the matrix initiated by either cavitation of rubbery domains or by the zone of disrupted network depending on the properties of the micelle core. Having established that the matrix is responsible for dissipating the most amount of energy during fracture, we also investigated the effect of varying the crosslink density and flexibility of the network by means of in-situ SAXS. In networks formulated with different crosslink densities, but the same type of molecules, we found a correlation between different levels of toughness provided by either, rubbery or glassy core micelles, and differences in deformability of the epoxy network. In networks formulated with a different crosslinker, which incorporates flexible groups into the matrix, we found that the properties of the network strongly influence the type of deformation the block copolymer micelles undergo. In conclusion, this work has established a connection between different extents of toughening enhancement, the physical properties of the block copolymer micelles, and the properties of the epoxy network. Judicious selection of all of these formulation parameters is needed to obtain an optimal toughening effect.

  8. Colored HOMFLY polynomials of knots presented as double fat diagrams

    E-print Network

    A. Mironov; A. Morozov; An. Morozov; P. Ramadevi; Vivek Kumar Singh

    2015-07-12

    Many knots and links in S^3 can be drawn as gluing of three manifolds with one or more four-punctured S^2 boundaries. We call these knot diagrams as double fat graphs whose invariants involve only the knowledge of the fusion and the braiding matrices of four-strand braids. Incorporating the properties of four-point conformal blocks in WZNW models, we conjecture colored HOMFLY polynomials for these double fat graphs where the color can be rectangular or non-rectangular representation. With the recent work of Gu-Jockers, the fusion matrices for the non-rectangular [21] representation, the first which involves multiplicity is known. We verify our conjecture by comparing with the [21] colored HOMFLY of many knots, obtained as closure of three braids. The conjectured form is computationally very effective leading to writing [21]-colored HOMFLY polynomials for many pretzel type knots and non-pretzel type knots. In particular, we find class of pretzel mutants which are distinguished and another class of mutants which cannot be distinguished by [21] representation. The difference between the [21]-colored HOMFLY of two mutants seems to have a general form, with A-dependence completely defined by the old conjecture due to Morton and Cromwell. In particular, we check it for an entire multi-parametric family of mutant knots evaluated using evolution method.

  9. Conducting block copolymer for simple micro- to nanopatterns.

    PubMed

    Cho, Gyoujin; Jung, Minhoon; Yang, Hoetaek; Song, Jae Hee; Sung, Myung Mo

    2006-05-23

    To use conducting polymers as substitutes for metals and conventional semiconductors in device fabrication, a cost-effective process for the reproducible deposition of the conducting polymers is needed. In this letter, we report a simple solution casting method for the fabrication of micro- to nanopatterns using the conducting block copolymer, poly(thiophene-block-ethyleneoxide), which shows rectifying characteristics dependent on the pattern width. PMID:16700568

  10. The Building Blocks of Geology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibson, Betty O.

    2001-01-01

    Discusses teaching techniques for teaching about rocks, minerals, and the differences between them. Presents a model-building activity that uses plastic building blocks to build crystal and rock models. (YDS)

  11. Carbon-carbon cylinder block

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ransone, Philip O. (Inventor)

    1998-01-01

    A lightweight cylinder block composed of carbon-carbon is disclosed. The use of carbon-carbon over conventional materials, such as cast iron or aluminum, reduces the weight of the cylinder block and improves thermal efficiency of the internal combustion reciprocating engine. Due to the negligible coefficient of thermal expansion and unique strength at elevated temperatures of carbon-carbon, the piston-to-cylinder wall clearance can be small, especially when the carbon-carbon cylinder block is used in conjunction with a carbon-carbon piston. Use of the carbon-carbon cylinder block has the effect of reducing the weight of other reciprocating engine components allowing the piston to run at higher speeds and improving specific engine performance.

  12. Ear - blocked at high altitudes

    MedlinePLUS

    ... ears; Flying and blocked ears; Eustachian tube dysfunction - high altitude ... the middle ear and the back of the nose and upper throat. ... down from high altitudes. Chewing gum the entire time you are ...

  13. Genetics Home Reference: Progressive familial heart block

    MedlinePLUS

    ... literature OMIM Genetic disorder catalog Conditions > Progressive familial heart block On this page: Description Genetic changes Inheritance ... definitions Reviewed April 2015 What is progressive familial heart block? Progressive familial heart block is a genetic ...

  14. Eliminating the memory blocking effect

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Andrew Leynes; Olga Rass; Joshua D. Landau

    2008-01-01

    Six experiments investigated the memory blocking effect (MBE) in which exposure to orthographically similar words (e.g., BALLOON) impairs one's ability to complete a similar fragment (e.g., BAL_ON_, solution is BALCONY). Experiments 1 and 2 demonstrated that blocking is not observed after a 72-hour delay; however, repetition priming was observed after the same delay. Experiments 3 and 4 showed that presenting

  15. New concepts of heart block

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Bekheit; J. G. Murtagh; P. Morton; E. Fletcher

    1973-01-01

    Summary  Histo-Pathological studies have demonstrated the essential focal nature of AV conduction disturbances, but current clinical\\u000a concepts of heart block, derived from the scalar electrocardiogram, give little or no information as to the precise site within\\u000a the conducting system where impulses are delayed or blocked. The His bundle electrogram resolves the complex P-R interval\\u000a of scalar tracings into its various components.

  16. Data Representation and Efficient Solution: A Decision Diagram Approach

    E-print Network

    Ciardo, Gianfranco

    Data Representation and Efficient Solution: A Decision Diagram Approach Gianfranco Ciardo Dept. of Computer Science and Engineering, UC Riverside, CA 92521, USA ciardo@cs.ucr.edu Abstract. Decision diagrams

  17. A diagram for the evaporation status of extrasolar planets

    E-print Network

    A. Lecavelier des Etangs

    2006-09-27

    To describe the evaporation status of the extrasolar planets, we propose to consider an energy diagram in which the potential energy of the planets is plotted versus the energy received by the upper atmosphere. Here we present a basic method to estimate these quantities. For the potential energy, we include the modification of the gravity field by the tidal forces from the parent stars. This description allows a quick estimate of both the escape rate of the atmospheric gas and the lifetime of a planet against the evaporation process. In the energy diagram, we find an evaporation-forbidden region in which a gaseous planet would evaporate in less than 5 billion years. With their observed characteristics, all extrasolar planets are found outside this evaporation-forbidden region. The escape rates are estimated to be in the range 10^5 g/s to 10^{12} g/s, with few cases above 10^{11} g/s. The estimated escape rate for HD209458b is found to be consistent with the lower limit of 10^{10} g/s obtained from interpretation of the HI Lyman-alpha observations. Finally, this diagram suggests possibilities for the nature of the recently discovered Neptune-mass planets. We find that GJ436b, 55Cnc_e and HD69830b cannot be low mass gaseous planets. With density necessarily above 0.5g/cm3 to survive evaporation, these planets must contain a large fraction of solid/liquid material. Concerning GJ876d, we find that it must have a density larger than ~3g/cm3 to survive the strong EUV energy flux from its nearby parent star. GJ876d must contain a large fraction of massive elements.

  18. Visual Process-Oriented Programming for Robotics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jonathan Simpson; Christian L. Jacobsen

    2008-01-01

    When teaching concurrency, using a process-oriented language, it is often introduced through a visual representation of programs in the form of process network diagrams. These diagrams allow the design of and abstract reasoning about programs, consisting of concurrently executing communicating processes, without needing any syntactic knowledge of the eventual implementation language. Process network di- agrams are usually drawn on paper

  19. Variable Block Length and Transmission Efficiency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Kirlin

    1969-01-01

    This work is concerned with the effect of grouping data into blocks for transmission in an error detect-retransmit system. A formula is presented giving transmission efficiencyEin data bits per binit.Eis a function of the time per bit, block length, nondata bits per block, data bits per word, and average timebar{T}per block transmission.bar{T}takes into consideration block length, block starting bit times,

  20. Nanopatterning of recombinant proteins and viruses using block copolymer templates

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cresce, Arthur Von Wald

    The study of interfaces is important in understanding biological interactions, including cellular signaling and virus infection. This thesis is an original effort to examine the interaction between a block copolymer and both a protein and a virus. Block copolymers intrinsically form nanometer-scale structures over large areas without expensive processing, making them ideal for the synthesis of the nanopatterned surfaces used in this study. The geometry of these nanostructures can be easily tuned for different applications by altering the block ratio and composition of the block copolymer. Block copolymers can be used for controlled uptake of metal ions, where one block selectively binds metal ions while the other does not. 5-norbornene-2,3-dicarboxylic acid is synthesized through ring-opening metathesis polymerization. It formed spherical domains with spheres approximately 30 nm in diameter, and these spheres were then subsequently loaded with nickel ion. This norbornene block copolymer was tested for its ability to bind histidine-tagged green fluorescent protein (hisGFP), and it was found that the nickel-loaded copolymer was able to retain hisGFP through chelation between the histidine tag and the metal-containing portions of the copolymer surface. Poly(styrene-b-4-vinylpyridine) (PS/P4VP) was also loaded with nickel, forming a cylindrical microstructure. The binding of Tobacco mosaic virus and Tobacco necrosis virus was tested through Tween 20 detergent washes. Electron microscopy allowed for observation of both block copolymer nanostructures and virus particles. Results showed that Tween washes could not remove bound Tobacco mosaic virus from the surface of PS/P4VP. It was also seen that the size and tunability of block copolymers and the lack of processing needed to attain different structures makes them attractive for many applications, including microfluidic devices, surfaces to influence cellular signaling and growth, and as a nanopatterning surface for organized adhesion.

  1. Algorithms in electric power system one-line diagram creation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Imre Lendak; Aleksandar Erdeljan; Darko Capko; Srdan Vukmirovic

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes various algorithms for the automatic generation of electric power system one-line diagrams. Historically these one-line diagrams were created manually. As these diagrams can be large, their manual creation takes a lot of time and resources, and it is also prone to errors. One possible solution to this problem is the automatic generation of one-line diagrams. Automatic visualization

  2. Interval Diagrams: Increasing Efficiency of Symbolic Real-Time Verification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Karsten Strehl; Timed Automata

    1999-01-01

    In this paper, we suggest interval diagram techniques for formal verification of real-time systems modeled by means of timed au- tomata. Interval diagram techniques are based on interval deci- sion diagrams (IDDs)—representing sets of system configurations of, e.g., timed automata—and interval mapping diagrams(IMDs)— modeling their transition behavior. IDDs are canonical rep resenta- tions of Boolean functions and allow for their

  3. On the Cu-Nb Phase Diagram and Solidified Microstructures

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Li, D.; Robinson, M. B.; Rathz, T. J.; Williams, G.

    1998-01-01

    Container and containerless processing was employed to determine liquidus temperatures and to examine microstructural development in the Cu-Nb system. The Cu-Nb phase diagram of an S-shaped, near-horizontal liquidus, has been confirmed by both the temperature-time profiles and resultant microstructures with only Nb dendrites in a Cu matrix, which were obtained from crucible experiments under clean conditions. However, the microstructural pathways of Cu-Nb alloys are particularly sensitive to processing variables. By the addition of oxygen impurities or rapid solidification, droplet-shaped morphology was observed for some compositions, implying occurrence of a liquid-phase separation. The effects of impurities and cooling rates are analyzed in connection with a stable and metastable liquid miscibility gap, respectively.

  4. Penguin and box diagrams in unitary gauge

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    He, Xiao-Gang; Tandean, Jusak; Valencia, G.

    2009-12-01

    We evaluate one-loop diagrams in the unitary gauge that contribute to flavor-changing neutral current (FCNC) transitions involving two and four fermions. Specifically, we deal with penguin and box diagrams arising within the standard model (SM) and in nonrenormalizable extensions thereof with anomalous couplings of the W boson to quarks. We show explicitly in the SM the subtle cancellation among divergences from individual unitary-gauge contributions to some of the physical FCNC amplitudes and derive expressions consistent with those obtained using R ? gauges in the literature. Some of our results can be used more generally in certain models involving fermions and gauge bosons which have interactions similar in form to those we consider.

  5. Krajewski diagrams and the Standard Model

    E-print Network

    Christoph A. Stephan

    2008-09-30

    This paper provides a complete list of Krajewski diagrams representing the standard model of particle physics. We will give the possible representations of the algebra and the anomaly free lifts which provide the representation of the standard model gauge group on the fermionic Hilbert space. The algebra representations following from the Krajewski diagrams are not complete in the sense that the corresponding spectral triples do not necessarily obey to the axiom of Poincare duality. This defect may be repaired by adding new particles to the model, i.e. by building models beyond the standard model. The aim of this list of finite spectral triples (up to Poincare duality) is therefore to provide a basis for model building beyond the standard model.

  6. Modeling the Round Earth through Diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padalkar, Shamin; Ramadas, Jayashree

    Earlier studies have found that students, including adults, have problems understanding the scientifically accepted model of the Sun-Earth-Moon system and explaining day-to-day astronomical phenomena based on it. We have been examining such problems in the context of recent research on visual-spatial reasoning. Working with middle school students in India, we have developed a pedagogical sequence to build the mental model of the Earth and tried it in three schools for socially and educationally disadvantaged students. This pedagogy was developed on the basis of (1) a reading of current research in imagery and visual-spatial reasoning and (2) students' difficulties identified during the course of pretests and interviews. Visual-spatial tools such as concrete (physical) models, gestures, and diagrams are used extensively in the teaching sequence. The building of a mental model is continually integrated with drawing inferences to understand and explain everyday phenomena. The focus of this article is inferences drawn with diagrams.

  7. Extracting parameters from colour-magnitude diagrams

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bonatto, C.; Campos, F.; Kepler, S. O.; Bica, E.

    2015-07-01

    We present a simple approach for obtaining robust values of astrophysical parameters from the observed colour-magnitude diagrams (CMDs) of star clusters. The basic inputs are the Hess diagram built with the photometric measurements of a star cluster and a set of isochrones covering wide ranges of age and metallicity. In short, each isochrone is shifted in apparent distance modulus and colour excess until it crosses over the maximum possible Hess density. Repeating this step for all available isochrones leads to the construction of the solution map, in which the optimum values of age and metallicity - as well as foreground/background reddening and distance from the Sun - can be searched for. Controlled tests with simulated CMDs show that the approach is efficient in recovering the input values. We apply the approach to the open clusters M 67, NGC 6791 and NGC 2635, which are characterized by different ages, metallicities and distances from the Sun.

  8. Representing Dynamic Spatial Processes Using Voronoi Diagrams: Recent Developements

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mir Abolfazl Mostafavi; Leila Hashemi Beni; Karine Hins-Mallet

    2009-01-01

    Geographic space is typically conceptualized either as discrete objects or as continuous fields. Considerable efforts have been carried out for the representation and management of the spatial data, based on the object view of the space. However field-based data models are less developed in GIS especially when it comes to the modeling and representation of dynamic fields. Dynamic phenomena such

  9. Cardiac energetics using virtual instrumentation: processing pressure-volume diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    N. M. Lopez Celani; M. C. Herrera; M. E. Valentinlazzi

    2002-01-01

    A virtual instrument was developed using LabView® for analysis of the cardiovascular energetics to supplement a system of left ventricular function analysis. It calculates stroke work (SW), cardiac efficiency (?) and myocardial oxygen consumption (mVO2). It uses intraventricular pressure and volume signals in normal conditions and during acute preload reduction to determine the Suga-Sagawa straight line (ESPVR). The end diastolic

  10. Processing pressure-volume diagrams (DPV) using virtual instrumentation

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. C. Herrera; J. C. Llanos; J. M. Olivera; R. J. Martinez; M. E. Valentinuzzi

    1999-01-01

    Left ventricular function analysis, with conductance catheter signals using DPV, were automatized by means of a virtual instrument based on graphic software. This system is able to acquire, either directly or from stored information, intraventricular volume (VIV), intraventricular pressure (PIV) and other physiological signals. It can visualize them on a screen on-line, including the calculated dP\\/dt and\\/or the corresponding PV

  11. 30 CFR 256.8 - Leasing maps and diagrams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Leasing maps and diagrams. 256.8 Section 256...Management, General § 256.8 Leasing maps and diagrams. (a) Any area... (b) The MMS shall prepare leasing maps and official protraction diagrams of...

  12. 30 CFR 556.8 - Leasing maps and diagrams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Leasing maps and diagrams. 556.8 Section 556...Management, General § 556.8 Leasing maps and diagrams. (a) Any area...Act. (b) BOEM shall prepare leasing maps and official protraction diagrams of...

  13. 30 CFR 556.8 - Leasing maps and diagrams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Leasing maps and diagrams. 556.8 Section 556...Management, General § 556.8 Leasing maps and diagrams. (a) Any area...Act. (b) BOEM shall prepare leasing maps and official protraction diagrams of...

  14. 30 CFR 556.8 - Leasing maps and diagrams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Leasing maps and diagrams. 556.8 Section 556...Management, General § 556.8 Leasing maps and diagrams. (a) Any area...Act. (b) BOEM shall prepare leasing maps and official protraction diagrams of...

  15. Optimal Automatic Drawing of One-Line Diagrams

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Canales-Ruiz; D. T. Garibay; A. Alonso-Concheiro

    1979-01-01

    An optimal one-line diagram generator algorithm is presented. The corresponding cctputer program drives the output device to draw a one-line diagram which is optimal in the sense that for a given drawing area, the minimum distance between elements of the diagram is a maximum. The computer program needs little additional information about the topology of the network to that normally

  16. Introducing 3D Venn and Euler Diagrams Peter Rodgers1

    E-print Network

    Kent, University of

    Introducing 3D Venn and Euler Diagrams Peter Rodgers1 , Jean Flower2 , and Gem Stapleton3 1 closed curves and have been widely studied. The advent of 3D display and interaction mechanisms means that extending these diagrams to 3D is now feasible. However, 3D versions of these diagrams have not yet been

  17. Triangular Diagrams Teach Steady and Dynamic Behaviour of Catalytic Reactions.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klusacek, K.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Illustrates how triangular diagrams can aid in presenting some of the rather complex transient interactions that occur among gas and surface species during heterogeneous catalytic reactions. The basic equations and numerical examples are described. Classroom use of the triangular diagram is discussed. Several diagrams and graphs are provided. (YP)

  18. Global phase diagram for binary alloys with one magnetic component

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Talanquer; C. Varea; A. Robledo

    1989-01-01

    We describe the global mean-field phase diagram for a binary alloy that contains one magnetic component. We obtain 12 types of system phase diagrams, each of which displays a different interaction of chemical (segregration or ordering) and magnetic (ferromagnetic or antiferromagnetic) long-range order. Our results follow from the known features of the phase diagrams along the symmetric sections of Griffiths's

  19. 30 CFR 256.8 - Leasing maps and diagrams.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Leasing maps and diagrams. 256.8 Section 256...Management, General § 256.8 Leasing maps and diagrams. (a) Any area... (b) The MMS shall prepare leasing maps and official protraction diagrams of...

  20. Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram for Urban Streets and Mixed Traffic

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Macroscopic Fundamental Diagram for Urban Streets and Mixed Traffic: Cross-comparison of Estimation to incorporate exogenously effects of buses. The estimated macroscopic fundamental diagrams are then cross of these papers are based on the key idea that it exists a macroscopic fundamental diagram (MFD) able to reproduce