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1

Diagnostic processing system for automatic transmission of an automobile  

SciTech Connect

A diagnostic processing system is described for an automatic transmission of an automobile having an engine speed and an automobile speed, the automatic transmission having gears and a clutch. The diagnostic processing system comprises: gear position sensing means for generating gear position signals; and analyzation means for determining the gear position in dependence upon the engine speed, the automobile speed and the gear position signals when the gear position signals do not indicate a unique gear position.

Asagi, Y.; Ogawa, N.; Kasai, H.; Hattori, T.; Uriuhara, M.

1987-02-10

2

An Integrated Diagnostic Process for Automotive Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increased complexity and integration of vehicle systems has resulted in greater difficulty in the identification of malfunction\\u000a phenomena, especially those related to cross-subsystem failure propagation and thus made system monitoring an inevitable component\\u000a of future vehicles. Consequently, a continuous monitoring and early warning capability that detects, isolates and estimates\\u000a size or severity of faults (viz., fault detection and diagnosis),

Krishna R. Pattipati; Anuradha Kodali; Jianhui Luo; Kihoon Choi; Satnam Singh; Chaitanya Sankavaram; Suvasri Mandal; William Donat; Setu Madhavi Namburu; Shunsuke Chigusa; Liu Qiao

2008-01-01

3

Simultaneous Sensor and Process Fault Diagnostics for Propellant Feed System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The main objective of this research is to extract fault features from sensor faults and process faults by using advanced fault detection and isolation (FDI) algorithms. A tank system that has some common characteristics to a NASA testbed at Stennis Space Center was used to verify our proposed algorithms. First, a generic tank system was modeled. Second, a mathematical model suitable for FDI has been derived for the tank system. Third, a new and general FDI procedure has been designed to distinguish process faults and sensor faults. Extensive simulations clearly demonstrated the advantages of the new design.

Cao, J.; Kwan, C.; Figueroa, F.; Xu, R.

2006-01-01

4

Implementation of Automatic Process of Edge Rotation Diagnostic System on J-TEXT Tokamak  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A spectral diagnostic control system (SDCS) is developed to implement automatic process of the edge rotation diagnostic system on the J-TEXT tokamak. The SDCS contains a control module, data operation module, data analysis module, and data upload module. The core of this system is a newly developed software “Spectra Assist”, which completes the whole process by coupling all related subroutines and servers. The results of data correction and calculated rotation are presented. In the daily discharge of J-TEXT, SDCS is proved to have a stable performance and high efficiency in completing the process of data acquisition, operation and results output.

Zhang, Zepin; Cheng, Zhifeng; Luo, Jian; Wang, Zhijiang; Zhang, Xiaolong; Hou, Saiying; Cheng, Cheng

2014-08-01

5

Improved Signal Processing Technique Leads to More Robust Self Diagnostic Accelerometer System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The self diagnostic accelerometer (SDA) is a sensor system designed to actively monitor the health of an accelerometer. In this case an accelerometer is considered healthy if it can be determined that it is operating correctly and its measurements may be relied upon. The SDA system accomplishes this by actively monitoring the accelerometer for a variety of failure conditions including accelerometer structural damage, an electrical open circuit, and most importantly accelerometer detachment. In recent testing of the SDA system in emulated engine operating conditions it has been found that a more robust signal processing technique was necessary. An improved accelerometer diagnostic technique and test results of the SDA system utilizing this technique are presented here. Furthermore, the real time, autonomous capability of the SDA system to concurrently compensate for effects from real operating conditions such as temperature changes and mechanical noise, while monitoring the condition of the accelerometer health and attachment, will be demonstrated.

Tokars, Roger; Lekki, John; Jaros, Dave; Riggs, Terrence; Evans, Kenneth P.

2010-01-01

6

Incorporating on-line process data into a diagnostic knowledge-based system  

E-print Network

into a Diagnostic Knowledge-based System. (May 1994) Kai-Hsuan Lin, B. S. , University of California, Los Angeles Chair of Advisory Committea: Dr. Joseph G. Massey The objective of this research was to develop and implement an on-line gypsum... 52 63 66 CONCLUSIONS LITERATURE CITED 71 78 APPENDIX A APPENDIX B VITA 80 82 108 LIST Oi FIGURES Figure 1a: Principal chemical reaction in the gypsum wallboard manufacturing process. Page 1b: The common and chemical names...

Lin, Kai Hsuan

2012-06-07

7

IGENPRO knowledge-based digital system for process transient diagnostics and management  

SciTech Connect

Verification and validation issues have been perceived as important factors in the large scale deployment of knowledge-based digital systems for plant transient diagnostics and management. Research and development (R&D) is being performed on the IGENPRO package to resolve knowledge base issues. The IGENPRO approach is to structure the knowledge bases on generic thermal-hydraulic (T-H) first principles and not use the conventional event-basis structure. This allows for generic comprehensive knowledge, relatively small knowledge bases and above all the possibility of T-H system/plant independence. To demonstrate concept feasibility the knowledge structure has been implemented in the diagnostic module PRODIAG. Promising laboratory testing results have been obtained using data from the full scope Braidwood PWR operator training simulator. This knowledge structure is now being implemented in the transient management module PROMANA to treat unanticipated events and the PROTREN module is being developed to process actual plant data. Achievement of the IGENPRO R&D goals should contribute to the acceptance of knowledge-based digital systems for transient diagnostics and management.

Morman, J.A.; Reifman, J.; Wei, T.Y.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)] [and others

1997-12-31

8

Heterodyne laser diagnostic system  

DOEpatents

The heterodyne laser diagnostic system includes, in one embodiment, an average power pulsed laser optical spectrum analyzer for determining the average power of the pulsed laser. In another embodiment, the system includes a pulsed laser instantaneous optical frequency measurement for determining the instantaneous optical frequency of the pulsed laser.

Globig, Michael A. (Antioch, CA); Johnson, Michael A. (Pleasanton, CA); Wyeth, Richard W. (Livermore, CA)

1990-01-01

9

Design Of An On-Line Diagnostic System Of Finished Surfaces In An Automated Mechanized Process By CNC Turning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary aim of this study was to design and develop an on-line diagnostic system for the real-time prediction of finished surfaces (Ra) in automated mechanized process by turning CNC. In the first phase the characterization parameters of cutting-force signals (Fx, Fy, Fz) in the time and the frequency domain were assessed. Thereafter, the parameters that significantly influence finished surfaces

E. García-Plaza; P. J. Núñez; A. R. Martín; R. Trujillo; C. de La Cruz

2009-01-01

10

System diagnostic builder  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The System Diagnostic Builder (SDB) is an automated software verification and validation tool using state-of-the-art Artificial Intelligence (AI) technologies. The SDB is used extensively by project BURKE at NASA-JSC as one component of a software re-engineering toolkit. The SDB is applicable to any government or commercial organization which performs verification and validation tasks. The SDB has an X-window interface, which allows the user to 'train' a set of rules for use in a rule-based evaluator. The interface has a window that allows the user to plot up to five data parameters (attributes) at a time. Using these plots and a mouse, the user can identify and classify a particular behavior of the subject software. Once the user has identified the general behavior patterns of the software, he can train a set of rules to represent his knowledge of that behavior. The training process builds rules and fuzzy sets to use in the evaluator. The fuzzy sets classify those data points not clearly identified as a particular classification. Once an initial set of rules is trained, each additional data set given to the SDB will be used by a machine learning mechanism to refine the rules and fuzzy sets. This is a passive process and, therefore, it does not require any additional operator time. The evaluation component of the SDB can be used to validate a single software system using some number of different data sets, such as a simulator. Moreover, it can be used to validate software systems which have been re-engineered from one language and design methodology to a totally new implementation.

Nieten, Joseph L.; Burke, Roger

1992-01-01

11

New detection system and signal processing for the tokamak ISTTOK heavy ion beam diagnostic  

SciTech Connect

The tokamak ISTTOK heavy ion beam diagnostic (HIBD) operates with a multiple cell array detector (MCAD) that allows for the plasma density and the plasma density fluctuations measurements simultaneously at different sampling volumes across the plasma. To improve the capability of the plasma density fluctuations investigations, a new detection system and new signal conditioning amplifier have been designed and tested. The improvements in MCAD design are presented which allow for nearly complete suppression of the spurious plasma background signal by applying a biasing potential onto special electrodes incorporated into MCAD. The new low cost and small size transimpedance amplifiers are described with the parameters of 400 kHz, 10{sup 7} V/A, 0.4 nA of RMS noise, adequate for the plasma density fluctuations measurements.

Henriques, R. B.; Nedzelskiy, I. S.; Malaquias, A.; Fernandes, H. [Associacao Euratom/IST, Instituto de Plasmas e Fusao Nuclear, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Universidade Tecnica de Lisboa, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal)

2012-10-15

12

Design Of An On-Line Diagnostic System Of Finished Surfaces In An Automated Mechanized Process By CNC Turning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The primary aim of this study was to design and develop an on-line diagnostic system for the real-time prediction of finished surfaces (Ra) in automated mechanized process by turning CNC. In the first phase the characterization parameters of cutting-force signals (Fx, Fy, Fz) in the time and the frequency domain were assessed. Thereafter, the parameters that significantly influence finished surfaces and underpin predicted models based on regression techniques have been evaluated. The global monitoring system was developed with the Dasylab 9.0 (Labview family) that enables: the visual display of data; signal acquisition, processing and analysis; and the real-time prediction of finished surfaces (Ra). Thus, the system predicts the Ra parameter with a relative error percentage below 5.8%, which is similar to the precision obtained in post-process quality control using a stylus contact profilometer.

García-Plaza, E.; Núñez, P. J.; Martín, A. R.; Trujillo, R.; De la Cruz, C.

2009-11-01

13

Mechanical Diagnostics System Engineering in IMD HUMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Goodrich Integrated Mechanical Diagnostics Health and Usage System (IMD-HUMS) mechanical diagnostics functionality is the integration of disparate subsystems. When the aircraft is in the appropriate capture window, the primary processing unit (PPU), commands the vibration processing unit (VPU) to capture vibration data and a tachometer reference. This time domain data is processed by standard and proprietary algorithms to generate

Eric Bechhoefer; Eric Mayhew

2006-01-01

14

Flexible human machine interface for process diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

A flexible human machine interface to design and display graphical and textual process diagnostic information is presented. The system operates on different computer hardware platforms, including PCs under MS Windows and UNIX Workstations under X-Windows, in a client-server architecture. The interface system is customized for specific process applications in a graphical user interface development environment by overlaying the image of the process piping and instrumentation diagram with display objects that are highlighted in color during diagnostic display. Customization of the system is presented for Commonwealth Edison`s Braidwood PWR Chemical and Volume Control System with transients simulated by a full-scale operator-training simulator and diagnosed by a computer-based system.

Reifman, J.; Graham, G.E.; Wei, T.Y.C. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Brown, K.R.; Chin, R.Y. [ComEd Chicago, IL (United States)

1996-05-01

15

Diagnostic enhancements for plasma processing  

SciTech Connect

This is the final report of a one-year, Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) project at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). Funds obtained under this project were used to enhance the diagnostic capabilities of the plasma-processing program in the Physics Division at LANL and include successful development and implementation of in-situ Raman spectroscopy and infrared emission spectroscopy. These methods were used to detect the presence and nature of ground-state and electronically excited molecular oxygen formed in an atmospheric-pressure, nonthermal plasma source used for environmental, industrial and decontamination applications.

Selwyn, G.S.; Henins, I.

1998-12-31

16

Online NIR diagnostic of laser welding processes and its potential for quality assuring sensor systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have integrated an imaging thermographic sensor into commercial welding optics for observation of the weld zone. Key element of the sensor is an InGaAs-camera that detects the thermal radiation of the welding process in the wavelength range of 1,200 to 1,700 nm. This is well suited to record images of the keyhole, the melt pool and the thermal trace. The sensor was integrated to the welding heads for on-axis observation to minimize the interfering contour to ensure easy adaption to industrial processes. The welding heads used were established industrial-grade TRUMPF optics: a BEO fixed optics with 280 mm focal length, or a TRUMPF PFO-3D scanner optics with 450 mm focal length. We used a TRUMPF TruDisk 16002 16kW-thin disk laser that transmits its power through a 200 ?m core diameter light cable. The images were recorded and features of the various process zones were evaluated by image processing. It turns out that almost all weld faults can be clearly detected in the NIR images. Quantitative features like the dimension of the melt pool and the thermal trace can be derived from the captured images. They are correlated to process input parameters as well as to process results. In contrast to observation in the visible spectrum the NIR camera records the melt pool without auxiliary illumination. As an unrivaled attribute of the NIR sensor it supports an online heat flow thermography of the seam and allows identifying missing fusion ("false friends") of lap joints virtually during the welding process. Automated weld fault detection and documentation is possible by online image processing which sets the basis for comprehensive data documentation for quality assurance and traceability.

Dorsch, Friedhelm; Braun, Holger; Keβler, Steffen; Pfitzner, Dieter; Rominger, Volker

2014-02-01

17

The Diagnostic Process and Treatment Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provided for physicians and nurses is information on the diagnostic process and treatment programs for abused and neglected children and their families. An overview of the diagnostic and treatment process is outlined and general principles, such as the importance of early diagnosis, are discussed. The remainder of the book focuses on four phases:…

Helfer, Ray E.

18

A Self-Diagnostic System for the M6 Accelerometer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design of a Self-Diagnostic (SD) accelerometer system for the Space Shuttle Main Engine is presented. This retrofit system connects diagnostic electronic hardware and software to the current M6 accelerometer system. This paper discusses the general operation of the M6 accelerometer SD system and procedures for developing and evaluating the SD system. Signal processing techniques using M6 accelerometer diagnostic data are explained. Test results include diagnostic data responding to changing ambient temperature, mounting torque and base mounting impedance.

Flanagan, Patrick M.; Lekki, John

2001-01-01

19

ADHD Subtypes and Co-Occurring Anxiety, Depression, and Oppositional-Defiant Disorder: Differences in Gordon Diagnostic System and Wechsler Working Memory and Processing Speed Index Scores  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Freedom-from-Distractibility/Working Memory Index (FDI/WMI), Processing Speed Index (PSI), and Gordon Diagnostic System (GDS) scores in ADHD children were examined as a function of subtype and coexisting anxiety, depression, and oppositional-defiant disorder. Method: Participants were 587…

Mayes, Susan Dickerson; Calhoun, Susan L.; Chase, Gary A.; Mink, Danielle M.; Stagg, Ryan E.

2009-01-01

20

On-line diagnostic system for power generators  

SciTech Connect

A novel approach to diagnostics of a power generator is developed. It utilizes readily available data acquired by the existing computer-based monitoring/control system. Diagnostic procedures detect various trends in the generator data and interpret these trends in the generator data and interpret these trends as changes in the generator performance caused by incipient failures. Results of trend analyses, subjected to statistical validation, facilitate failure prediction and identification thus providing the justification for service when needed. The procedures are incorporated in a diagnostic system implemented in a PC interfaced with the existing VAX-based process monitoring and control system. The diagnostic system provides graphical display of the diagnostic messages.

Skormin, V.A. [Binghamton Univ., NY (United States). Watson School; Goodenough, G.S. [New York State Electric and Gas Corp., Binghamton, NY (United States); Huber, R.K. [Eastman Kodak Co., Rochester, NY (United States)

1996-12-31

21

[Diagnostics of cavitary processes in the lungs].  

PubMed

The paper concerns CT-semiotics of cavitary processes in the lungs. Their major forms are discussed with reference to underlying pathological changes. The most common manifestations of the diseases associated with the cavitary processes are described. CT is a highly informative method for the visualization of pulmonary cavitation and the surrounding chest structures; this method improves diagnostics of pulmonary pathology. PMID:23019979

Iakovlev, V N; She?kh, Zh V; Arablinski?, A V; Alekseev, V G; Sinopal'nikov, A I; Dunaev, A P; DrebushevskiV, N S

2012-01-01

22

Bay integrated power system control and diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

The paper presents new concepts for control and diagnostic systems for high voltage switchgear (123-kV and above). Air insulated and gas insulated (SF6) switchgear is considered. The new aspect is the integration of monitoring and diagnostic concepts in digital control and protection systems. Communication concepts for sensors and actuators with digital process busses at bay level are discussed. The paper covers integration concepts for circuit breaker monitoring (AIS, GIS) and for GIS the integration of on-line partial discharge measurement, on-line arc detection and on-line monitoring of the gas conditions. Finally, the advantages, disadvantages and the applicability of integrated diagnostic and control concepts are discussed by means of technical and commercial aspects.

Beierl, O.

1996-03-01

23

Flamedoctor™: Nonlinear Burner Diagnostic System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Utility power plants are employing advanced control systems to improve performance over the load range. The performance of the boiler combustion system is critical to the overall performance. Flame Doctor™, which has been developed by McDermott Technology, Inc. and Oak Ridge National Laboratory under sponsorship of Electric Power Research Institute, performs diagnostics on an individual burner basis. The system consists of analogue-to-digital signal conversion and conditioning hardware, analysis software, and a graphical user interface. Time varying voltage signals from all of the burner flame scanners on a boiler are analyzed simultaneously. Nonlinear techniques such as symbolization and time asymmetry along with linear techniques such as power spectral analysis are used. The nonlinear techniques discriminate stability features in the combustion dynamics not possible with the linear techniques alone. The assessments for a variety of flame conditions are collected in a reference library. Libraries have been created for a number of flame scanners types. The Flame Doctor™ burner diagnostic system is described. Results from the first utility installation at Ameren UE Meramec power plant are shown. A live hook-up to the power plant is demonstrated. Flame Doctor™ is being offered commercially under alpha and beta demonstrations through the Electric Power Research Institute and Babcock & Wilcox.

Bailey, Ralph; Daw, Stuart; Finney, Charles; Flynn, Tom; Fuller, Tim

2003-08-01

24

Video integrated measurement system. [Diagnostic display devices  

SciTech Connect

A Video Integrated Measurement (VIM) System is described which incorporates the use of various noninvasive diagnostic procedures (moire contourography, electromyography, posturometry, infrared thermography, etc.), used individually or in combination, for the evaluation of neuromusculoskeletal and other disorders and their management with biofeedback and other therapeutic procedures. The system provides for measuring individual diagnostic and therapeutic modes, or multiple modes by split screen superimposition, of real time (actual) images of the patient and idealized (ideal-normal) models on a video monitor, along with analog and digital data, graphics, color, and other transduced symbolic information. It is concluded that this system provides an innovative and efficient method by which the therapist and patient can interact in biofeedback training/learning processes and holds considerable promise for more effective measurement and treatment of a wide variety of physical and behavioral disorders.

Spector, B.; Eilbert, L.; Finando, S.; Fukuda, F.

1982-06-01

25

SSME Post Test Diagnostic System: Systems Section  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An assessment of engine and component health is routinely made after each test firing or flight firing of a Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME). Currently, this health assessment is done by teams of engineers who manually review sensor data, performance data, and engine and component operating histories. Based on review of information from these various sources, an evaluation is made as to the health of each component of the SSME and the preparedness of the engine for another test or flight. The objective of this project - the SSME Post Test Diagnostic System (PTDS) - is to develop a computer program which automates the analysis of test data from the SSME in order to detect and diagnose anomalies. This report primarily covers work on the Systems Section of the PTDS, which automates the analyses performed by the systems/performance group at the Propulsion Branch of NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC). This group is responsible for assessing the overall health and performance of the engine, and detecting and diagnosing anomalies which involve multiple components (other groups are responsible for analyzing the behavior of specific components). The PTDS utilizes several advanced software technologies to perform its analyses. Raw test data is analyzed using signal processing routines which detect features in the data, such as spikes, shifts, peaks, and drifts. Component analyses are performed by expert systems, which use 'rules-of-thumb' obtained from interviews with the MSFC data analysts to detect and diagnose anomalies. The systems analysis is performed using case-based reasoning. Results of all analyses are stored in a relational database and displayed via an X-window-based graphical user interface which provides ranked lists of anomalies and observations by engine component, along with supporting data plots for each.

Bickmore, Timothy

1995-01-01

26

MTX (Microwave Tokamak Experiment) plasma diagnostic system  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, a general overview of the MTX plasma diagnostics system is given. This includes a description of the MTX machine configuration and the overall facility layout. The data acquisition system and techniques for diagnostic signal transmission are also discussed. In addition, the diagnostic instruments planned for both an initial ohmic-heating set and a second FEL-heating set are described. The expected range of plasma parameters along with the planned plasma measurements will be reviewed. 7 refs., 5 figs.

Rice, B.W.; Hooper, E.B.; Brooksby, C.A.

1987-10-07

27

ATA diagnostic data handling system: an overview  

SciTech Connect

The functions to be performed by the ATA diagnostic data handling system are discussed. The capabilities of the present data acquisition system (System 0) are presented. The goals for the next generation acquisition system (System 1), currently under design, are discussed. Facilities on the Octopus system for data handling are reviewed. Finally, we discuss what has been learned about diagnostics and computer based data handling during the past year.

Chambers, F.W.; Kallman, J.; McDonald, J.; Slominski, M.

1984-06-14

28

Qualitative model-based diagnostics for rocket systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A diagnostic software package is currently being developed at NASA LeRC that utilizes qualitative model-based reasoning techniques. These techniques can provide diagnostic information about the operational condition of the modeled rocket engine system or subsystem. The diagnostic package combines a qualitative model solver with a constraint suspension algorithm. The constraint suspension algorithm directs the solver's operation to provide valuable fault isolation information about the modeled system. A qualitative model of the Space Shuttle Main Engine's oxidizer supply components was generated. A diagnostic application based on this qualitative model was constructed to process four test cases: three numerical simulations and one actual test firing. The diagnostic tool's fault isolation output compared favorably with the input fault condition.

Maul, William; Meyer, Claudia; Jankovsky, Amy; Fulton, Christopher

1993-01-01

29

System Related Interventions to Reduce Diagnostic Error: A Narrative Review  

PubMed Central

Background Diagnostic errors (missed, delayed, or wrong diagnosis) have gained recent attention and are associated with significant preventable morbidity and mortality. We reviewed the recent literature to identify interventions that have been, or could be, implemented to address systems-related factors that contribute directly to diagnostic error. Methods We conducted a comprehensive search using multiple search strategies. We first identified candidate articles in English between 2000 and 2009 from a PubMed search that exclusively evaluated for articles related to diagnostic error or delay. We then sought additional papers from references in the initial dataset, searches of additional databases, and subject matter experts. Articles were included if they formally evaluated an intervention to prevent or reduce diagnostic error; however, we also included papers if interventions were suggested and not tested in order to inform the state-of-the science on the topic. We categorized interventions according to the step in the diagnostic process they targeted: patient-provider encounter, performance and interpretation of diagnostic tests, follow-up and tracking of diagnostic information, subspecialty and referral-related; and patient-specific. Results We identified 43 articles for full review, of which 6 reported tested interventions and 37 contained suggestions for possible interventions. Empirical studies, though somewhat positive, were non-experimental or quasi-experimental and included a small number of clinicians or health care sites. Outcome measures in general were underdeveloped and varied markedly between studies, depending on the setting or step in the diagnostic process involved. Conclusions Despite a number of suggested interventions in the literature, few empirical studies have tested interventions to reduce diagnostic error in the last decade. Advancing the science of diagnostic error prevention will require more robust study designs and rigorous definitions of diagnostic processes and outcomes to measure intervention effects. PMID:22129930

Singh, Hardeep; Graber, Mark L.; Kissam, Stephanie M.; Sorensen, Asta V.; Lenfestey, Nancy F.; Tant, Elizabeth M.; Henriksen, Kerm; LaBresh, Kenneth A.

2013-01-01

30

Diagnostics for a waste processing plasma arc furnace (invited) (abstract)  

SciTech Connect

Maintaining the quality of our environment has become an important goal of society. As part of this goal new technologies are being sought to clean up hazardous waste sites and to treat ongoing waste streams. A 1 MW pilot scale dc graphite electrode plasma arc furnace (Mark II) has been constructed at MIT under a joint program among Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), MIT, and Electro-Pyrolysis, Inc. (EPI)[sup c] for the remediation of buried wastes in the DOE complex. A key part of this program is the development of new and improved diagnostics to study, monitor, and control the entire waste remediation process for the optimization of this technology and to safeguard the environment. Continuous, real time diagnostics are needed for a variety of the waste process parameters. These parameters include internal furnace temperatures, slag fill levels, trace metals content in the off-gas stream, off-gas molecular content, feed and slag characterization, and off-gas particulate size, density, and velocity distributions. Diagnostics are currently being tested at MIT for the first three parameters. An active millimeter-wave radiometer with a novel, rotatable graphite waveguide/mirror antenna system has been implemented on Mark II for the measurement of surface emission and emissivity which can be used to determine internal furnace temperatures and fill levels. A microwave torch plasma is being evaluated for use as a excitation source in the furnace off-gas stream for continuous atomic emission spectroscopy of trace metals. These diagnostics should find applicability not only to waste remediation, but also to other high temperature processes such as incinerators, power plants, and steel plants.

Woskov, P.P. (Plasma Fusion Center, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States))

1995-01-01

31

High-energy laser plasma diagnostic system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the development of a non-contact diagnosis system for analyzing the plasma density profile, temperature profile, and ionic species of a high energy laser-generated plasma. The system was developed by Physical Optics Corporation in cooperation with the U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command, High Energy Laser Systems Test Facility at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. The non- contact diagnostic system consists of three subsystems: an optical fiber-based interferometer, a plasma spectrometer, and a genetic algorithm-based fringe-image processor. In the interferometer subsystem, the transmitter and the receiver are each packaged as a compact module. A narrow notch filter rejects strong plasma light, passing only the laser probing beam, which carries the plasma density information. The plasma spectrum signal is collected by an optical fiber head, which is connected to a compact spectrometer. Real- time genetic algorithm-based data processing/display permits instantaneous analysis of the plasma characteristics. The research effort included design and fabrication of a vacuum chamber, and high-energy laser plasma generation. Compactness, real-time operation, and ease of use make the laser plasma diagnosis system well suited for dual use applications such as diagnosis of electric arc and other industrial plasmas.

Zhao, Mingjun M.; Aye, Tin M.; Fruehauf, Norbert; Savant, Gajendra D.; Erwin, Daniel A.; Smoot, Brayton E.; Loose, Richard W.

2000-07-01

32

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING AS A DIAGNOSTIC TOOL FOR GAS  

E-print Network

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING AS A DIAGNOSTIC TOOL FOR GAS TUNGSTEN ARC WELDING Carl D. Sorensen is the welding arc itself. The sensory information is obtained through digital signal processing of the arc vol- tage and current. Experiments performed to test the suitability of digital signal processing as an arc

Eagar, Thomas W.

33

FIDEX: An expert system for satellite diagnostics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Fault Isolation and Diagnostic Expert system (FIDEX) was developed for communication satellite diagnostics. It was designed specifically for the 30/20 GHz satellite transponder. The expert system was designed with a generic structure and features that make it applicable to other types of space systems. FIDEX is a frame based system that enjoys many of the inherent frame base features, such as hierarchy that describes the transponder's components, with other hierarchies that provide structural and fault information about the transponder. This architecture provides a flexible diagnostic structure and enhances maintenance of the system. FIDEX also includes an inexact reasoning technique and a primitive learning ability. Inexact reasoning was an important feature for this system due to the sparse number of sensors available to provide information on the transponder's performance. FIDEX can determine the most likely faulted component under the constraint of limited information. FIDEX learns about the most likely faults in the transponder by keeping a record of past established faults. FIDEX also has the ability to detect anomalies in the sensors that provide information on the transponders performance.

Durkin, John; Tallo, Donald; Petrik, Edward J.

1991-01-01

34

Systemic mastocytosis – a diagnostic challenge  

PubMed Central

Mastocytosis refers to a group of disorders characterized by the infiltration of clonally derived mast cells to the skin or extracutaneous tissues resulting in a heterogeneous clinical picture. It is a rare hematologic disorder in all its forms. The exact incidence is unknown; it affects patients of any age and males and females equally. Its molecular pathogenesis is incompletely understood. The clinical features of mastocytosis result from both chronic and episodic mast cell mediator release, signs and symptoms arising from diffuse or focal tissue infiltration, and, occasionally, the presence of an associated non-mast cell clonal hematologic disease. The histopathologic analysis is essential for definitive diagnosis but there is no curative treatment. The authors report a clinical case of a 72-year-old woman with no history of allergies, with bicytopenia, weight loss, and diffuse axial osteolytic lesions. This is a rare clinical case of aggressive systemic mastocytosis for which palliative treatment can improve survival and quality of life. A brief review of the literature about this pathology is also included. PMID:25031064

Lladó, Ana Cristina Amorim Oliveira Gaia; Mihon, Claudia Elena; Silva, Madalena; Galzerano, Antonio

2014-01-01

35

Advanced Light Source beam diagnostics systems  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Light Source (ALS), a third-generation synchrotron light source, has been recently commissioned. Beam diagnostics were very important to the success of the operation. Each diagnostic system is described in this paper along with detailed discussion of its performance. Some of the systems have been in operation for two years. Others, in the storage ring, have not yet been fully commissioned. These systems were, however, working well enough to provide the essential information needed to store beam. The devices described in this paper include wall current monitors, a beam charge monitor, a 50 ohm Faraday cup, DC current transformers, broad-hand striplines, fluorescence screens, beam collimators and scrapers, and beam position monitors. Also, the means by which waveforms are digitized and displayed in the control room is discussed.

Hinkson, J.

1993-10-01

36

Computer-based diagnostic monitoring to enhance the human-machine interface of complex processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a growing interest in introducing an automated, on-line, diagnostic monitoring function into the human-machine interfaces (HMIs) or control rooms of complex process plants. The design of such a system should be properly integrated with other HMI systems in the control room, such as the alarms system or the Safety Parameter Display System (SPDS). This paper provides a conceptual

1992-01-01

37

Development plan for an advanced drilling system with real-time diagnostics (Diagnostics-While-Drilling)  

SciTech Connect

This proposal provides the rationale for an advanced system called Diagnostics-while-drilling (DWD) and describes its benefits, preliminary configuration, and essential characteristics. The central concept is a closed data circuit in which downhole sensors collect information and send it to the surface via a high-speed data link, where it is combined with surface measurements and processed through drilling advisory software. The driller then uses this information to adjust the drilling process, sending control signals back downhole with real-time knowledge of their effects on performance. The report presents background of related previous work, and defines a Program Plan for US Department of Energy (DOE), university, and industry cooperation.

FINGER,JOHN T.; MANSURE,ARTHUR J.; PRAIRIE,MICHAEL R.; GLOWKA,D.A.

2000-02-01

38

Laser metrology — a diagnostic tool in automotive development processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Laser measurement techniques are widely used in automotive development processes. Applications at Volkswagen are presented where laser metrology works as a diagnostic tool for analysing and optimising complex coupled processes inside and between automotive components and structures such as the reduction of a vehicle's interior or outer acoustic noise, including brake noise, and the combustion analysis for diesel and gasoline

Manfred-Andreas Beeck; Werner Hentschel

2000-01-01

39

Plasma diagnostics in plasma processing for nanotechnology and nanolevel chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author reviews the role of various plasma diagnostics in plasma processing for nanotechnology, and points out some essential methods of spectroscopic methods to diagnose plasmas for nanoprocessing. Two experimental examples are discussed between the characteristics of nanomaterials and plasma parameters. One is measurement of rotation temperature in processing of carbon nanotube. The other is that of vibrational temperature in

Hiroshi Akatsuka

2004-01-01

40

Diagnostic systems in DEMO: Engineering design issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The diagnostic systems of DEMO that are mounted on or near the torus, whether intended for the monitoring and control functions of the engineering aspects or the physics behaviour of the machine, will have to be designed to suit the hostile nuclear environment. This will be necessary not just for their survival and correct functioning but also to satisfy the pertinent regulatory bodies, especially where any of them relate to machine protection or the prevention or mitigation of accidents foreseen in the safety case. This paper aims to indicate the more important of the reactor design considerations that are likely to apply to diagnostics for DEMO, drawn from experience on JET, the provisions in hand for ITER and modelling results for the wall erosion and neutron damage effects in DEMO.

Todd, T. N.

2014-08-01

41

Image processing methods and architectures in diagnostic pathology.  

PubMed

Grid technology has enabled the clustering and the efficient and secure access to and interaction among a wide variety of geographically distributed resources such as: supercomputers, storage systems, data sources, instruments and special devices and services. Their main applications include large-scale computational and data intensive problems in science and engineering. General grid structures and methodologies for both software and hardware in image analysis for virtual tissue-based diagnosis has been considered in this paper. This methods are focus on the user level middleware. The article describes the distributed programming system developed by the authors for virtual slide analysis in diagnostic pathology. The system supports different image analysis operations commonly done in anatomical pathology and it takes into account secured aspects and specialized infrastructures with high level services designed to meet application requirements. Grids are likely to have a deep impact on health related applications, and therefore they seem to be suitable for tissue-based diagnosis too. The implemented system is a joint application that mixes both Web and Grid Service Architecture around a distributed architecture for image processing. It has shown to be a successful solution to analyze a big and heterogeneous group of histological images under architecture of massively parallel processors using message passing and non-shared memory. PMID:20430740

Bueno, Gloria; Déniz, Oscar; Salido, Jesús; Rojo, Marcial García

2009-01-01

42

Systematic construction of qualitative physics-based rules for process diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

A novel first-principles-based expert system is proposed for on-line detection and identification of faulty component candidates during incipient off-normal process operations. The system performs function-oriented diagnostics and can be reused for diagnosing single-component failures in different processes and different plants through the provision of the appropriate process schematics information. The function-oriented and process-independent diagnostic features of the proposed expert system are achieved by constructing a knowledge base containing three distinct types of information, qualitative balance equation rules, functional classification of process components, and the process piping and instrumentation diagram. The various types of qualitative balance equation rules for processes utilizing single-phase liquids are derived and their usage is illustrated through simulation results of a realistic process in a nuclear power plant.

Reifman, J.; Wei, T.Y.C.

1995-12-31

43

DEVELOPMENT OF SIGNAL PROCESSING TOOLS AND HARDWARE FOR PIEZOELECTRIC SENSOR DIAGNOSTIC PROCESSES  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a piezoelectric sensor diagnostic and validation procedure that performs in -situ monitoring of the operational status of piezoelectric (PZT) sensor/actuator arrays used in structural health monitoring (SHM) applications. The validation of the proper function of a sensor/actuator array during operation, is a critical component to a complete and robust SHM system, especially with the large number of active sensors typically involved. The method of this technique used to obtain the health of the PZT transducers is to track their capacitive value, this value manifests in the imaginary part of measured electrical admittance. Degradation of the mechanical/electric properties of a PZT sensor/actuator as well as bonding defects between a PZT patch and a host structure can be identified with the proposed procedure. However, it was found that temperature variations and changes in sensor boundary conditions manifest themselves in similar ways in the measured electrical admittances. Therefore, they examined the effects of temperature variation and sensor boundary conditions on the sensor diagnostic process. The objective of this study is to quantify and classify several key characteristics of temperature change and to develop efficient signal processing techniques to account for those variations in the sensor diagnostis process. In addition, they developed hardware capable of making the necessary measurements to perform the sensor diagnostics and to make impedance-based SHM measurements. The paper concludes with experimental results to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed technique.

OVERLY, TIMOTHY G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; PARK, GYUHAE [Los Alamos National Laboratory; FARRAR, CHARLES R. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2007-02-09

44

Operation Diagnostics - Use of Operation Patterns to Verify and Optimize Building and System Operation  

E-print Network

Building energy management systems (BEMS) process a large amount of data to operate the building. Instead of using this data only to signal failures and breakdowns of systems, it can be further employed for enhanced operation diagnostics. Adequate...

Baumann, O.

2004-01-01

45

Comparisons of polar processing diagnostics from 34 years of the ERA-Interim and MERRA reanalyses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a comprehensive comparison of polar processing diagnostics derived from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Modern Era Retrospective-analysis for Research and Applications (MERRA) and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Interim Reanalysis (ERA-Interim). We use diagnostics that focus on meteorological conditions related to stratospheric chemical ozone loss based on temperatures, polar vortex dynamics, and air parcel trajectories to evaluate the effects these reanalyses might have on polar processing studies. Our results show that the agreement between MERRA and ERA-Interim changes significantly over the 34 years from 1979 through 2013 in both hemispheres, and in many cases improves. By comparing our diagnostics during five time periods when an increasing number of higher quality observations were brought into these reanalyses, we show how changes in the data assimilation systems (DAS) of MERRA and ERA-Interim affected their meteorological data. Many of our stratospheric temperature diagnostics show a convergence toward significantly better agreement, in both hemispheres, after 2001 when Aqua and GOES (Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite) radiances were introduced into the DAS. Other diagnostics, such as the winter mean volume of air with temperatures below polar stratospheric cloud formation thresholds (VPSC) and some diagnostics of polar vortex size and strength, do not show improved agreement between the two reanalyses in recent years when data inputs into the DAS were more comprehensive. The polar processing diagnostics calculated from MERRA and ERA-Interim agree much better than those calculated from earlier reanalysis datasets. We still, however, see fairly large relative biases in many of the diagnostics in years prior to 2002, raising the possibility that the choice of one reanalysis over another could significantly influence the results of polar processing studies. After 2002, we see overall good agreement among the diagnostics, which demonstrates that the ERA-Interim and MERRA reanalyses are equally appropriate choices for polar processing studies of recent Arctic and Antarctic winters.

Lawrence, Z. D.; Manney, G. L.; Minschwaner, K.; Santee, M. L.; Lambert, A.

2014-12-01

46

Climate Model Diagnostic Analyzer Web Service System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report stressed the need for the comprehensive and innovative evaluation of climate models with newly available global observations. The traditional approach to climate model evaluation, which compares a single parameter at a time, identifies symptomatic model biases and errors but fails to diagnose the model problems. The model diagnosis process requires physics-based multi-variable comparisons that typically involve large-volume and heterogeneous datasets, making them both computationally- and data-intensive. To address these challenges, we are developing a parallel, distributed web-service system that enables the physics-based multi-variable model performance evaluations and diagnoses through the comprehensive and synergistic use of multiple observational data, reanalysis data, and model outputs. We have developed a methodology to transform an existing science application code into a web service using a Python wrapper interface and Python web service frameworks (i.e., Flask, Gunicorn, and Tornado). The web-service system, called Climate Model Diagnostic Analyzer (CMDA), currently supports (1) all the datasets from Obs4MIPs and a few ocean datasets from NOAA and Argo, which can serve as observation-based reference data for model evaluation and (2) many of CMIP5 model outputs covering a broad range of atmosphere, ocean, and land variables from the CMIP5 specific historical runs and AMIP runs. Analysis capabilities currently supported by CMDA are (1) the calculation of annual and seasonal means of physical variables, (2) the calculation of time evolution of the means in any specified geographical region, (3) the calculation of correlation between two variables, and (4) the calculation of difference between two variables. A web user interface is chosen for CMDA because it not only lowers the learning curve and removes the adoption barrier of the tool but also enables instantaneous use, avoiding the hassle of local software installation and environment incompatibility. CMDA is planned to be used as an educational tool for the summer school organized by JPL's Center for Climate Science in 2014. The requirements of the educational tool are defined with the interaction with the school organizers, and CMDA is customized to meet the requirements accordingly. The tool needs to be production quality for 30+ simultaneous users. The summer school will thus serve as a valuable testbed for the tool development, preparing CMDA to serve the Earth-science modeling and model-analysis community at the end of the project. This work was funded by the NASA Earth Science Program called Computational Modeling Algorithms and Cyberinfrastructure (CMAC).

Lee, S.; Pan, L.; Zhai, C.; Tang, B.; Jiang, J. H.

2013-12-01

47

Efficient Probabilistic Diagnostics for Electrical Power Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We consider in this work the probabilistic approach to model-based diagnosis when applied to electrical power systems (EPSs). Our probabilistic approach is formally well-founded, as it based on Bayesian networks and arithmetic circuits. We investigate the diagnostic task known as fault isolation, and pay special attention to meeting two of the main challenges . model development and real-time reasoning . often associated with real-world application of model-based diagnosis technologies. To address the challenge of model development, we develop a systematic approach to representing electrical power systems as Bayesian networks, supported by an easy-to-use speci.cation language. To address the real-time reasoning challenge, we compile Bayesian networks into arithmetic circuits. Arithmetic circuit evaluation supports real-time diagnosis by being predictable and fast. In essence, we introduce a high-level EPS speci.cation language from which Bayesian networks that can diagnose multiple simultaneous failures are auto-generated, and we illustrate the feasibility of using arithmetic circuits, compiled from Bayesian networks, for real-time diagnosis on real-world EPSs of interest to NASA. The experimental system is a real-world EPS, namely the Advanced Diagnostic and Prognostic Testbed (ADAPT) located at the NASA Ames Research Center. In experiments with the ADAPT Bayesian network, which currently contains 503 discrete nodes and 579 edges, we .nd high diagnostic accuracy in scenarios where one to three faults, both in components and sensors, were inserted. The time taken to compute the most probable explanation using arithmetic circuits has a small mean of 0.2625 milliseconds and standard deviation of 0.2028 milliseconds. In experiments with data from ADAPT we also show that arithmetic circuit evaluation substantially outperforms joint tree propagation and variable elimination, two alternative algorithms for diagnosis using Bayesian network inference.

Mengshoel, Ole J.; Chavira, Mark; Cascio, Keith; Poll, Scott; Darwiche, Adnan; Uckun, Serdar

2008-01-01

48

Mechatronics in monitoring, simulation, and diagnostics of industrial and biological processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper describes a number of research projects of the Faculty of Mechatronics of Warsaw University of Technology in order to illustrate the use of common mechatronics and optomechatronics approach in solving multidisciplinary technical problems. Projects on sensors development, measurement and industrial control systems, multimodal data capture and advance systems for monitoring and diagnostics of industrial processes are presented and discussed.

Golnik, Natalia; Dobosz, Marek; Jakubowska, Ma?gorzata; Ko?cielny, Jan M.; Kujawi?ska, Ma?gorzata; Pa?ko, Tadeusz; Putz, Barbara; Sitnik, Robert; Wnuk, Pawe?; Wo?niak, Adam

2013-10-01

49

An inference engine for embedded diagnostic systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The implementation of an inference engine for embedded diagnostic systems is described. The system consists of two distinct parts. The first is an off-line compiler which accepts a propositional logical statement of the relationship between facts and conclusions and produces data structures required by the on-line inference engine. The second part consists of the inference engine and interface routines which accept assertions of fact and return the conclusions which necessarily follow. Given a set of assertions, it will generate exactly the conclusions which logically follow. At the same time, it will detect any inconsistencies which may propagate from an inconsistent set of assertions or a poorly formulated set of rules. The memory requirements are fixed and the worst case execution times are bounded at compile time. The data structures and inference algorithms are very simple and well understood. The data structures and algorithms are described in detail. The system has been implemented on Lisp, Pascal, and Modula-2.

Fox, Barry R.; Brewster, Larry T.

1987-01-01

50

Image processing and machine learning for diagnostic analysis of microcirculation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on detection of capillaries and small blood vessels in the videos recorded from the lingual surface using Microscan SDF system. The purpose of this study is to quantitatively monitor and assess the changes that occur in microcirculation during resuscitation period. The results assist physicians in making diagnostically and therapeutically important decisions such as determination of the effectiveness

Sumeyra Demir; Nazanin Mirshahi; M. H. Tiba; G. Draucker; K. Ward; R. Hobson; K. Najarian

2009-01-01

51

A high speed imaging system for nuclear diagnostics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A high speed imaging system based on state-of-the-art photosensor arrays was designed for use in nuclear diagnostics. The system is comprised of a front end rapid scan solid state camera, a high speed digitizer, and a PCM line driver in a downhole package and a memory buffer system in an uphole trailer. The downhole camera takes a snapshot of a nuclear device created flux stream, digitizes the image and transmits it to the uphole memory system before being destroyed. The memory system performs two functions: it retains the data for local display and processing by a microprocessor, and it buffers the data for retransmission at slower rates to a computational facility. In the talk, the impetus for such a system as well as its operation was discussed, along with systems under development which incorporate higher data rates and more resolution.

Eyer, H. H.

1976-01-01

52

Performance of the ATLAS Beam Diagnostic Systems  

E-print Network

The beam diagnostic system of the ATLAS detector comprises two diamond sensor based devices. The innovative Beam Conditions Monitor (BCM) is aimed at resolving background from collision particles by sub-ns time-of-flight measurement. The Beam Loss Monitor (BLM) is a clone of the LHC machine BLM system, replacing ionization chambers with diamond sensors. BCM uses 16 1x1 cm2 0.5 mm thick polycrystalline chemical vapor deposition (pCVD) diamond sensors arranged in 8 positions at a radius r ? 55 mm, ~1.9 m up- and down-stream the interaction point. Time measurements at 2.56 GHz sampling rate are performed to distinguish between collision and shower particles from beam incidents. A FPGA-based readout system performs real-time data analysis and interfaces the results to ATLAS and the LHC beam permit system. The diamond sensors, the detector modules and their readout system are described. Results of performance with LHC beams of increasing energy and intensity including timing separation of collisions from beam re...

Macek, B; The ATLAS collaboration

2010-01-01

53

Diagnostic development for the ElectriCOIL flow system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Detailed studies of mechanisms for producing electrically initiated COIL lasers were previously presented. Results of those studies along with more recent experimental results show that electric excitation is a very complex process that must be investigated with advanced diagnostics. Theoretical studies indicate that fractions of O2(1(Delta) ) may be produced in the discharge that will permit lasing of an ElectriCOIL system. Recent kinetic studies indicate a range of useful operating parameters for ElectriCOIL that are analogous to those achieved in the all-chemical device. This can be accomplished at E/N's in the range of 10-16 Volt-cm2. An experimental test bed has been built up to allow detailed diagnostic measurements of the discharge efficiencies and other experimental parameters. Results of early experiments are presented.

Verdeyen, Joseph T.; King, Darren M.; Carroll, David L.; Solomon, Wayne C.

2002-05-01

54

Applications of FASTBUS to beam diagnostics and experiment data systems  

SciTech Connect

A five-year effort by the North American NIM Committee, in collaboration with the ESONE Committee of European Laboratories, has resulted in a specification for the FASTBUS modular high-speed data-acquisition system. The system is designed around an emitter-coupled logic (ECL) 32-bit data bus for asynchronous data transmission at 100 ns per transaction. Initial applications of FASTBUS will be in experiment data systems at accelerator facilities worldwide--beam diagnostic data systems on the accelerator side and particle-beam experiment data systems in the experimental area. As the specification (and the resulting hardware and software) matures, real-time machine-control applications will become possible. This paper discusses the near-term use of FASTBUS in accelerator beam-diagnostics instrumentation systems, where an extra increment in system throughput and front-end processing speed can produce a greater understanding of the physical phenomena under study. The arguments and conclusions may be equally well applied to other similar data-handling problems requiring high bandwidth in the data system.

Machen, D.R.

1983-08-01

55

LASER PROCESSING AND DIAGNOSTICS (ME 290G) Two one and half lectures per week.  

E-print Network

1 LASER PROCESSING AND DIAGNOSTICS (ME 290G) 3 Units Two one and half lectures per week. Brief Description: The course provides a detailed account of laser interactions with materials in the contexts coupling with materials. Lasers and beam delivery systems. Thermal transport in irradiated targets

Mofrad, Mohammad R. K.

56

A self diagnostic system for piezoelectric sensors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A technique for determining the mounting conditions of a piezoelectric accelerometer is presented. This technique electrically stimulates the piezoelectric element in the 'diagnostic' frequency band measuring the electrical frequency response characteristics across a capacitive load impedance. The diagnostic frequency band is tipically much higher than the operating bandwidth of the accelerometer. The resonant frequencies of the accelerometer are included in the diagnostic band. By monitoring the shift in these resonant frequencies, via electrical stimulation techniques, certain diagnostic conditions including mounting conditions can be determined. Experimental data from a compression mode accelerometer is used to demonstrate this technique.

Atherton, William J.; Flanagan, Patrick M.

1989-01-01

57

A design and implementation methodology for diagnostic systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A methodology for design and implementation of diagnostic systems is presented. Also discussed are the advantages of embedding a diagnostic system in a host system environment. The methodology utilizes an architecture for diagnostic system development that is hierarchical and makes use of object-oriented representation techniques. Additionally, qualitative models are used to describe the host system components and their behavior. The methodology architecture includes a diagnostic engine that utilizes a combination of heuristic knowledge to control the sequence of diagnostic reasoning. The methodology provides an integrated approach to development of diagnostic system requirements that is more rigorous than standard systems engineering techniques. The advantages of using this methodology during various life cycle phases of the host systems (e.g., National Aerospace Plane (NASP)) include: the capability to analyze diagnostic instrumentation requirements during the host system design phase, a ready software architecture for implementation of diagnostics in the host system, and the opportunity to analyze instrumentation for failure coverage in safety critical host system operations.

Williams, Linda J. F.

1988-01-01

58

Effects of temperature variations on piezoelectric sensor diagnostics process based on impedance measurements (presentation video)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A sensor diagnostic and validation process that performs in-situ monitoring of the operational status of piezoelectric (PZT) active-sensors in structural health monitoring (SHM) applications is presented. The basis of this process is to track the changes in the capacitive value of piezoelectric materials, which shows up in measured admittance. Both degradation of the mechanical/electrical properties of a PZT transducer and the bonding defects between a PZT patch and a host structure could be identified by the proposed process. Due to the temperature dependent nature of piezoelectric materials, we investigated the effects of temperature on sensor diagnostic process. The effect of temperature found to be remarkable, modifying the measured capacitive values significantly. This results indicates that there is need for developing a rigorous signal processing technique to normalizing the temperature effects. It has been also found that, as the temperature changes, the sensor diagnostic process was influenced not only by a sensor and a structure, but by a bonding materials that was used for attaching a piezoelectric transducers to a structure, which would be an important characteristic when designing an SHM system. This paper summarizes considerations needed to develop such sensor diagnostic processes, experimental procedures and results, and additional issues that can be used as guidelines for future investigations.

Jo, HyeJin; Park, Tong-il; Park, Gyehae

2014-05-01

59

MFTF-B plasma-diagnostics-system instrumentation and data-acquisition system  

SciTech Connect

The change of scope for MFTF from a simple mirror to a tandem mirror configuration utilizing thermal barriers has expanded the range of plasma parameters and increased the requirements of the plasma diagnostics system. The instrument set that is needed for start-up operation has been identified and conceptual design work is proceeding. This paper describes the diagnostic instrumentation as presently envisioned for start-up operation, with a summary of the detectors and data channels. Also presented is an overview of the current conceptual design for the Local Control and Data Acquisition System and the Data Processing and Display system. As more detailed design is done, the exact number and nature of instruments may change, but overall, the system described here is one expected to satisfy the requirements for start-up and be expandable to the basic set of diagnostics.

Goerz, D.A.; Lau, N.H.C.; Mead, J.E.; Throop, A.L.

1981-10-21

60

Systematic Benchmarking of Diagnostic Technologies for an Electrical Power System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Automated health management is a critical functionality for complex aerospace systems. A wide variety of diagnostic algorithms have been developed to address this technical challenge. Unfortunately, the lack of support to perform large-scale V&V (verification and validation) of diagnostic technologies continues to create barriers to effective development and deployment of such algorithms for aerospace vehicles. In this paper, we describe a formal framework developed for benchmarking of diagnostic technologies. The diagnosed system is the Advanced Diagnostics and Prognostics Testbed (ADAPT), a real-world electrical power system (EPS), developed and maintained at the NASA Ames Research Center. The benchmarking approach provides a systematic, empirical basis to the testing of diagnostic software and is used to provide performance assessment for different diagnostic algorithms.

Kurtoglu, Tolga; Jensen, David; Poll, Scott

2009-01-01

61

Model-based Diagnostics for Propellant Loading Systems Matthew Daigle  

E-print Network

Model-based Diagnostics for Propellant Loading Systems Matthew Daigle UC Santa Cruz NASA Ames.smelyanskiy@nasa.gov Abstract--The loading of spacecraft propellants is a complex, risky operation. Therefore, diagnostic develop a physics-based model of a cryogenic propellant loading system, which de- scribes the complex

Daigle, Matthew

62

Non-diagnostic intelligent tutoring systems: Teaching without student models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The keystones of traditional intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs) have been complex procedures for student diagnosis and adaptive instruction based on diagnostic data. While some of these systems have been shown to be effective, they are also very expensive to develop. This paper describes another class of ITSs, non-diagnostic ITSs, which do little or no student diagnosis, and concentrate their intelligence

Leo Gugerty

1997-01-01

63

A diagnostic expert system for aircraft generator control unit (GCU)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modular VSCF (variable-speed constant-frequency) generator families are described as using standard modules to reduce the maintenance cost and to improve the product's testability. A general diagnostic expert system shell that guides troubleshooting and modules or line replaceable units (LRUs) is introduced. An application of the diagnostic system to a particular LRU, the generator control unit (GCU) is reported. The

Ting-Long Ho; Robert A. Bayles; Bruce L. Havlicsek

1988-01-01

64

A diagnostic expert system for aircraft generator control unit (GCU)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modular VSCF (variable-speed constant-frequency) generator families are described as using standard modules to reduce the maintenance cost and to improve the product's testability. A general diagnostic expert system shell that guides troubleshooting of modules or line replaceable units (LRUs) is introduced. An application of the diagnostic system to a particular LRU, the generator control unit (GCU) is reported. The

Ting-Long Ho; Robert A. Bayles; Bruce L. Havlicsek

1988-01-01

65

DC graphite arc furnace and diagnostic system for soils  

SciTech Connect

The need for systems to treat waste materials in a new manner has prompted the formation of an {open_quotes}Industry-National Laboratory-University{close_quotes} consortium to address the issue. The partners include Electro-Pyrolysis, Inc. (EPI), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). The program includes technology transfer from industry to the national laboratory and university technology transfer to the national laboratory. The national laboratory provides the problem and funding while transferring technology to industry and the university. The goal of the program is to apply EPI`s Arc Furnace to the processing of Subsurface Disposal Area (SDA) waste from Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). This is being facilitated through the Department of Energy`s Buried Waste Integrated Demonstration (BWID) program. A second objective is to apply the diagnostics capability of MIT`s Plasma Fusion Center to the understanding of the high temperature processes taking place in the furnace. This diagnostics technology has promise for being applicable in other thermal treatment processes. The program has two parts, a test series in an engineering-scale DC arc furnace which was conducted in an EPI furnace installed at the Plasma Fusion Center and a pilot-scale unit which is under construction at MIT. This pilot-scale furnace will be capable of operating in a continuous feed and continuous tap mode. Included in this work is the development and implementation of diagnostics to evaluate high temperature processes such as DC arc technology. Results of the testing during the engineering test phase of the program are discussed. These results include a discussion of the superior product stability to leaching of the reduced glass products. 9 refs., 4 figs., 3 tabs.

Wittle, J.K.; Titus, C.H.; Hamilton, R.A. [Electro-Pyrolysis, Inc., Wayne, PA (United States)] [and others

1994-12-31

66

SOPROLIFE System: An Accurate Diagnostic Enhancer  

PubMed Central

Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate a light-emitting diode fluorescence tool, the SOPROLIFE light-induced fluorescence evaluator, and compare it to the international caries detection and assessment system-II (ICDAS-II) in the detection of occlusal caries. Methods. A total of 219 permanent posterior teeth in 21 subjects, with age ranging from 15 to 65 years, were examined. An intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was computed to assess the reliability between the two diagnostic methods. Results. The results showed a high reliability between the two methods (ICC = 0.92; IC = 0.901–0.940; P < 0.001). The SOPROLIFE blue fluorescence mode had a high sensitivity (87%) and a high specificity (99%) when compared to ICDAS-II. Conclusion. Compared to the most used visual method in the diagnosis of occlusal caries lesions, the finding from this study suggests that SOPROLIFE can be used as a reproducible and reliable assessment tool. At a cut-off point, categorizing noncarious lesions and visual change in enamel, SOPROLIFE shows a high sensitivity and specificity. We can conclude that financially ICDAS is better than SOPROLIFE. However SOPROLIFE is easier for clinicians since it is a simple evaluation of images. Finally in terms of efficiency SOPROLIFE is not superior to ICDAS but tends to be equivalent with the same advantages. PMID:25401161

Zeitouny, Mona; Feghali, Mireille; Nasr, Assaad; Abou-Samra, Philippe; Saleh, Nadine; Bourgeois, Denis; Farge, Pierre

2014-01-01

67

A Benchmark Diagnostic Model Generation System  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is critical to use automated generators for synthetic models and data given the sparsity of benchmark models for empirical analysis and the cost of generating models by hand. We describe an automated generator for benchmark models that is based on using a compositional modeling framework and employs graphical models for the system topology. We propose a three-step process for

Jun Wang; Gregory M. Provan

2010-01-01

68

REDEX - The ranging equipment diagnostic expert system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

REDEX, an advanced prototype expert system that diagnoses hardware failures in the Ranging Equipment (RE) at NASA's Ground Network tracking stations is described. REDEX will help the RE technician identify faulty circuit cards or modules that must be replaced, and thereby reduce troubleshooting time. It features a highly graphical user interface that uses color block diagrams and layout diagrams to illustrate the location of a fault. A semantic network knowledge representation technique was used to model the design structure of the RE. A catalog of generic troubleshooting rules was compiled to represent heuristics that are applied in diagnosing electronic equipment. Specific troubleshooting rules were identified to represent additional diagnostic knowledge that is unique to the RE. Over 50 generic and 250 specific troubleshooting rules have been derived. REDEX is implemented in Prolog on an IBM PC AT-compatible workstation. Block diagram graphics displays are color-coded to identify signals that have been monitored or inferred to have nominal values, signals that are out of tolerance, and circuit cards and functions that are diagnosed as faulty. A hypertext-like scheme is used to allow the user to easily navigate through the space of diagrams and tables. Over 50 graphic and tabular displays have been implemented. REDEX is currently being evaluated in a stand-alone mode using simulated RE fault scenarios. It will soon be interfaced to the RE and tested in an online environment. When completed and fielded, REDEX will be a concrete example of the application of expert systems technology to the problem of improving performance and reducing the lifecycle costs of operating NASA's communications networks in the 1990s.

Luczak, Edward C.; Gopalakrishnan, K.; Zillig, David J.

69

REDEX: The ranging equipment diagnostic expert system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

REDEX, an advanced prototype expert system that diagnoses hardware failures in the Ranging Equipment (RE) at NASA's Ground Network tracking stations is described. REDEX will help the RE technician identify faulty circuit cards or modules that must be replaced, and thereby reduce troubleshooting time. It features a highly graphical user interface that uses color block diagrams and layout diagrams to illustrate the location of a fault. A semantic network knowledge representation technique was used to model the design structure of the RE. A catalog of generic troubleshooting rules was compiled to represent heuristics that are applied in diagnosing electronic equipment. Specific troubleshooting rules were identified to represent additional diagnostic knowledge that is unique to the RE. Over 50 generic and 250 specific troubleshooting rules have been derived. REDEX is implemented in Prolog on an IBM PC AT-compatible workstation. Block diagram graphics displays are color-coded to identify signals that have been monitored or inferred to have nominal values, signals that are out of tolerance, and circuit cards and functions that are diagnosed as faulty. A hypertext-like scheme is used to allow the user to easily navigate through the space of diagrams and tables. Over 50 graphic and tabular displays have been implemented. REDEX is currently being evaluated in a stand-alone mode using simulated RE fault scenarios. It will soon be interfaced to the RE and tested in an online environment. When completed and fielded, REDEX will be a concrete example of the application of expert systems technology to the problem of improving performance and reducing the lifecycle costs of operating NASA's communications networks in the 1990's.

Luczak, Edward C.; Gopalakrishnan, K.; Zillig, David J.

1989-04-01

70

Data collection framework for vehicular On-Board-Diagnostic systems  

E-print Network

Most modern vehicles contain an On-Board-Diagnostic (OBD) system that can collect a wide range of system data from the vehicle. In aggregation, such data could be applied towards solving the problems of accident prevention, ...

Liu, Chenxia

2011-01-01

71

A Diagnostic HIV-1 Tropism System Based on Sequence Relatedness.  

PubMed

Key clinical studies for HIV coreceptor antagonists have used the phenotyping-based Trofile test. Meanwhile various simpler-to-do genotypic tests have become available that are compatible with standard laboratory equipment and Web-based interpretation tools. However, these systems typically analyze only the most prominent virus sequence in a specimen. We present a new diagnostic HIV tropism test not needing DNA sequencing. The system, XTrack, uses physical properties of DNA duplexes after hybridization of single-stranded HIV-1 env V3 loop probes to the clinical specimen. Resulting "heteroduplexes" possess unique properties driven by sequence relatedness to the reference and resulting in a discrete electrophoretic mobility. A detailed optimization process identified diagnostic probe candidates relating best to a large number of HIV-1 sequences with known tropism. From over 500 V3 sequences representing all main HIV-1 subtypes (Los Alamos database), we obtained a small set of probes to determine the tropism in clinical samples. We found a high concordance with the commercial TrofileES test (84.9%) and the Web-based tool Geno2Pheno (83.0%). Moreover, the new system reveals mixed virus populations, and it was successful on specimens with low virus loads or on provirus from leukocytes. A replicative phenotyping system was used for validation. Our data show that the XTrack test is favorably suitable for routine diagnostics. It detects and dissects mixed virus populations and viral minorities; samples with viral loads (VL) of <200 copies/ml are successfully analyzed. We further expect that the principles of the platform can be adapted also to other sequence-divergent pathogens, such as hepatitis B and C viruses. PMID:25502529

Edwards, Suzanne; Stucki, Heinz; Bader, Joëlle; Vidal, Vincent; Kaiser, Rolf; Battegay, Manuel; Klimkait, Thomas

2015-02-01

72

The OMEGA Gas Sampling System and Radiochemical Diagnostics for NIF  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radiochemical diagnostics for the National Ignition Facility (NIF) will address important issues such as shell rho-R, mix and charged particle production in ignition and near-ignition capsules. Development of key tools for these diagnostics has been progressing on NOVA and OMEGA laser systems. A limitation of the sample collection techniques currently being used is the solid angle for collection of post-shot debris, which is maximally about 1collections at NOVA. Because of the large standoff for NIF (5 m), the solid angle subtended would be expected to be much less without development of expandable foil collection schemes. Many reaction products from charged particle reactions are noble gases. A gas sampling system for obtaining radiochemical samples following OMEGA shots is currently being assembled at LLNL. Results of benchtop tests with such a system will be discussed. A primary goal is to demonstrate reproducible collection efficiencies for this new technical capability of near 100Secondary goals include measuring collection efficiencies for certain reaction processes and to test the collection scheme for other low energy reaction products. Should high collection efficiencies be demonstrated, test reactions of 18O(alpha,n)21Ne and 79Br(p,n)79Kr will be investigated at OMEGA as mix-diagnostics for NIF. Note that it may be possible to use the 18O or Br already in most capsules, circumventing some target development issues. The gas sampling system will be designed in such a way as to not preclude the addition of carrier gas to the target chamber following an experiment for "flushing" of other, perhaps non-gaseous, reaction products.

Stoyer, Mark; Sangster, Craig; Hudson, Bryant; Lougheed, Ron; Freeman, Charlie; Schwartz, Brook-Eden; Olsen, Michele

2000-10-01

73

The development of a post-test diagnostic system for rocket engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An effort was undertaken by NASA to develop an automated post-test, post-flight diagnostic system for rocket engines. The automated system is designed to be generic and to automate the rocket engine data review process. A modular, distributed architecture with a generic software core was chosen to meet the design requirements. The diagnostic system is initially being applied to the Space Shuttle Main Engine data review process. The system modules currently under development are the session/message manager, and portions of the applications section, the component analysis section, and the intelligent knowledge server. An overview is presented of a rocket engine data review process, the design requirements and guidelines, the architecture and modules, and the projected benefits of the automated diagnostic system.

Zakrajsek, June F.

1991-01-01

74

A diagnostic process extended in time as a fuzzy model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper refers to earlier results obtained by the authors and constitutes their essential complement and extension by introducing to a diagnostic model the assumption that the decision concerning the diagnosis is based on observations of symptoms carried out repeatedly, by stages, which may have effect in a change of these symptoms in increasing time. The model concerns the observations of symptoms at an individual patient at a time interval. The changes of the symptoms give some additional information, sometimes very important in the diagnostic process when the clinical picture of a patient in a certain interval of time differs from that one which has been received from the beginning of the disease. It may occur that the change in the intensity of a symptom decides an acceptance of another diagnosis after some time when the patient does not feel better. The aim is to fix an optimal diagnosis on the basis of clinical symptoms typical of several morbid units with respect to the changes of these symptoms in time. In order to solve such a posed problem the authors apply the method of fuzzy relation equations which are modelled by means of logical rules of inference. Moreover, in the final decision concerning the choice of a proper diagnosis, a normed Euclidean distance is introduced as a measure between a real decision and an "ideal" decision. A simple example presents the practical action of the method to show its relevance to a possible user.

Rakus-Andersson, Elisabeth; Gerstenkorn, Tadeusz

1999-03-01

75

Target Diagnostic Control System Implementation for the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect

The extreme physics of targets shocked by NIF's 192-beam laser are observed by a diverse suite of diagnostics. Many diagnostics are being developed by collaborators at other sites, but ad hoc controls could lead to unreliable and costly operations. A Diagnostic Control System (DCS) framework for both hardware and software facilitates development and eases integration. Each complex diagnostic typically uses an ensemble of electronic instruments attached to sensors, digitizers, cameras, and other devices. In the DCS architecture each instrument is interfaced to a low-cost Windows XP processor and Java application. Each instrument is aggregated with others as needed in the supervisory system to form an integrated diagnostic. The Java framework provides data management, control services and operator GUI generation. DCS instruments are reusable by replication with reconfiguration for specific diagnostics in XML. Advantages include minimal application code, easy testing, and high reliability. Collaborators save costs by assembling diagnostics with existing DCS instruments. This talk discusses target diagnostic instrumentation used on NIF and presents the DCS architecture and framework.

Shelton, R T; Kamperschroer, J H; Lagin, L J; Nelson, J R; O'Brien, D W

2010-05-12

76

Contributions of psychology to the design of diagnostic decision support systems  

E-print Network

Contributions of psychology to the design of diagnostic decision support systems Gitte Lindgaard1 and usefulness of a Diagnostic Decision Support System (DDSS) intended to support pediatric residents' diagnostic, Diagnostic Decision Support Systems, diagnosticity 1. Introduction Numerous tools and techniques have evolved

Boyer, Edmond

77

Diagnostic for Plasma Enhanced Chemical Vapor Deposition and Etch Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In order to meet NASA's requirements for the rapid development and validation of future generation electronic devices as well as associated materials and processes, enabling technologies ion the processing of semiconductor materials arising from understanding etch chemistries are being developed through a research collaboration between Stanford University and NASA-Ames Research Center, Although a great deal of laboratory-scale research has been performed on many of materials processing plasmas, little is known about the gas-phase and surface chemical reactions that are critical in many etch and deposition processes, and how these reactions are influenced by the variation in operating conditions. In addition, many plasma-based processes suffer from stability and reliability problems leading to a compromise in performance and a potentially increased cost for the semiconductor manufacturing industry. Such a lack of understanding has hindered the development of process models that can aid in the scaling and improvement of plasma etch and deposition systems. The research described involves the study of plasmas used in semiconductor processes. An inductively coupled plasma (ICP) source in place of the standard upper electrode assembly of the Gaseous Electronics Conference (GEC) radio-frequency (RF) Reference Cell is used to investigate the discharge characteristics and chemistries. This ICP source generates plasmas with higher electron densities (approximately 10(exp 12)/cu cm) and lower operating pressures (approximately 7 mTorr) than obtainable with the original parallel-plate version of the GEC Cell. This expanded operating regime is more relevant to new generations of industrial plasma systems being used by the microelectronics industry. The motivation for this study is to develop an understanding of the physical phenomena involved in plasma processing and to measure much needed fundamental parameters, such as gas-phase and surface reaction rates. species concentration, temperature, ion energy distribution, and electron number density. A wide variety of diagnostic techniques are under development through this consortium grant to measure these parameters. including molecular beam mass spectrometry (MBMS). Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, broadband ultraviolet (UV) absorption spectroscopy, a compensated Langmuir probe. Additional diagnostics. Such as microwave interferometry and microwave absorption for measurements of plasma density and radical concentrations are also planned.

Cappelli, Mark A.

1999-01-01

78

Evaluating Students' Learning and Communication Processes: Handbook 2--Diagnostic Teaching Unit: Language Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presenting a diagnostic teaching unit for grade 7 language arts, this handbook is intended to be used along with the companion handbook 1, "Evaluating Students' Learning and Communication Processes: Integrating Diagnostic Evaluation and Instruction." The student activities of the diagnostic teaching units in the handbook have been designed to…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

79

Evaluating Students' Learning and Communication Processes: Handbook 3--Diagnostic Teaching Units: Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presenting the diagnostic teaching units for grades 7, 8, and 9 social studies, this handbook is intended to be used along with the companion handbook 1, "Evaluating Students' Learning and Communication Processes: Integrating Diagnostic Evaluation and Instruction." The student activities of the diagnostic teaching units in the handbook have been…

Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton. Student Evaluation Branch.

80

Physics Design Considerations of Diagnostic X Beam Transport System  

E-print Network

Diagnostic X (D-X) transport system would extract the beam from the downstream transport line of the second- axis of the Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test facility (DARHT-II) and transport this beam to the D-X firing point via four branches of the beamline in order to provide four lines of sight for x-ray radiography. The design goal is to generate four DARHT-II-like x-ray pulses on each line of sight. In this paper, we discuss several potential beam quality degradation processes in the passive magnet lattice beamline and indicate how they constrain the D-X beamline design parameters, such as the background pressure, the pipe size, and the pipe material

Chen, Y J; Chen, Yu-Jiuan; Paul, Arthur C.

2000-01-01

81

Physics Design Considerations for Diagnostic X Beam Transport System  

SciTech Connect

Diagnostic X (D-X) transport system would extract the beam from the downstream transport line of the second axis of the Dual Axis Radiographic Hydrodynamic Test facility (DARHT-II[1]) and transport this beam to the D-X firing point via four branches of the beamline in order to provide four lines of sight for x-ray radiography. The design goal is to generate four DARHT-II-like x-ray pulses on each line of sight. In this paper, we discuss several potential beam quality degradation processes in the passive magnet lattice beamline and indicate how they constrain the D-X beamline design parameters, such as the background pressure, the pipe size, and the pipe material.

Chen, Y-J; Paul, A C

2000-08-01

82

System Modeling and Diagnostics for Liquefying-Fuel Hybrid Rockets  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A Hybrid Combustion Facility (HCF) was recently built at NASA Ames Research Center to study the combustion properties of a new fuel formulation that burns approximately three times faster than conventional hybrid fuels. Researchers at Ames working in the area of Integrated Vehicle Health Management recognized a good opportunity to apply IVHM techniques to a candidate technology for next generation launch systems. Five tools were selected to examine various IVHM techniques for the HCF. Three of the tools, TEAMS (Testability Engineering and Maintenance System), L2 (Livingstone2), and RODON, are model-based reasoning (or diagnostic) systems. Two other tools in this study, ICS (Interval Constraint Simulator) and IMS (Inductive Monitoring System) do not attempt to isolate the cause of the failure but may be used for fault detection. Models of varying scope and completeness were created, both qualitative and quantitative. In each of the models, the structure and behavior of the physical system are captured. In the qualitative models, the temporal aspects of the system behavior and the abstraction of sensor data are handled outside of the model and require the development of additional code. In the quantitative model, less extensive processing code is also necessary. Examples of fault diagnoses are given.

Poll, Scott; Iverson, David; Ou, Jeremy; Sanderfer, Dwight; Patterson-Hine, Ann

2003-01-01

83

GIS diagnostics: thermal imaging systems used for poor contact detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The reliability of GIS is very high but any failure that occurs can cause extensive damage result and the repair times are considerably long. The consequential losses to system security and economically can be high, especially if the nominal GIS voltage is 420 kV and above. In view of these circumstances, increasing attention is being given to diagnostic techniques for in-service maintenance undertaken to improve the reliability and availability of GIS. Recently considerable progress has been made in diagnostic techniques and they are now used successfully during the service life of the equipment. These diagnostic techniques in general focus on the GIS insulation system and are based on partial discharge (PD) measurements in GIS. There are three main methods for in-service PD detection in GIS: - the chemical method that rely on the detection of cracked gas caused by PD, the acoustic method designed to detect the acoustic emission excited by PD, and, the electrical method which is based on detection of electrical resonance at ultra high frequencies (UHF) up to 1.5 GHz caused by PD excitation in GIS chambers (UHF method). These three dielectric diagnostic methods cannot be used for the detection of poor current carrying contacts in GIS. This problem does not always produce partial discharges and at early stages it does not cause gas cracking. An interesting solution to use two techniques - the current unbalance alarm scheme and partial discharge monitoring was advised by A. Salinas from South California Edison Co. Unfortunately this way is complicated and very expensive. The investigations performed in Japan on standing alone SF6 breaker showed that joule heating of the contact accompanied by released power of 1600 Watt produce temperature difference on the enclosure up to 7 degrees centigrade that could be detected by infra-red Thermal Imaging System. According to CIGRE Joint Working Group 33/23.12 Report, 11% of all GIS failures are due to poor current carrying contacts in GIS. The Israel Electric Company (IEC) in seeking a solution to this problem have undertaken experimental work to examine the possibility of in-service diagnostic of poor contact problem in GIS via direct local heating detection, using a Thermal Imaging System. The experiments were carried out on the part of the GIS with nominal SF6 pressure. The following aspects of the problem were examined: - the range of power released in the defective contact that could give the practical temperature rise on the surface of enclosure; - temperature distribution on the surface of enclosure; - the influence of spacer type (with holes or without) on the heat transfer process; - the influence of the length of SF6 tubes and there position (horizontal or vertical); - the temperature difference between upper and lower parts of the tubes in horizontal position; - practical use of the Thermal Imaging System for detecting poor contact problem in GIS.

Avital, Doron; Brandenbursky, V.; Farber, A.

2004-04-01

84

Diagnostics Systems for Permanent Hall Thrusters Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work describes the development of Permanent Magnet Hall Effect Plasma Thruster (PHALL) and its diagnostic systems at The Plasma Physics Laboratory of University of Brasilia. The project consists on the construction and characterization of plasma propulsion engines based on the Hall Effect. Electric thrusters have been employed in over 220 successful space missions. Two types stand out: the Hall-Effect Thruster (HET) and the Gridded Ion Engine (GIE). The first, which we deal with in this project, has the advantage of greater simplicity of operation, a smaller weight for the propulsion subsystem and a longer shelf life. It can operate in two configurations: magnetic layer and anode layer, the difference between the two lying in the positioning of the anode inside the plasma channel. A Hall-Effect Thruster-HET is a type of plasma thruster in which the propellant gas is ionized and accelerated by a magneto hydrodynamic effect combined with electrostatic ion acceleration. So the essential operating principle of the HET is that it uses a J x B force and an electrostatic potential to accelerate ions up to high speeds. In a HET, the attractive negative charge is provided by electrons at the open end of the Thruster instead of a grid, as in the case of the electrostatic ion thrusters. A strong radial magnetic field is used to hold the electrons in place, with the combination of the magnetic field and the electrostatic potential force generating a fast circulating electron current, the Hall current, around the axis of the Thruster, mainly composed by drifting electrons in an ion plasma background. Only a slow axial drift towards the anode occurs. The main attractive features of the Hall-Effect Thruster are its simple design and operating principles. Most of the Hall-Effect Thrusters use electromagnet coils to produce the main magnetic field responsible for plasma generation and acceleration. In this paper we present a different new concept, a Permanent Magnet Hall-Effect Thruster (PMHET), developed at the Plasma Physics Laboratory of UnB. The idea of using an array of permanent magnets, instead of an electromagnet, to produce a radial magnetic field inside the cylindrical plasma drift channel of the thruster is very attractive, especially because of the possibility of developing a HET with power consumption low enough to be used in small satellites or medium-size satellites with low on board power. Hall-Effect Thrusters are now a very good option for spacecraft primary propulsion and also for station-keeping of medium and large satellites. This is because of their high specific impulse, efficient use of propellant mass and combined low and precise thrust capabilities, which are related to an economy in terms of propellant mass utilization , longer satellite lifetime and easier spacecraft maneuvering in microgravity environment. The first HETs were developed in the mid 1950’s, and they were first called Closed Drift Thrusters. Today, the successful use of electric thrusters for attitude control and orbit modification on hundreds of satellites shows the advanced stage of development of this technology. In addition to this, after the success of space missions such as Deep Space One and Dawn (NASA), Hayabusa (JAXA) and Smart-1 (ESA), the employment of electric thrusters is also consolidated for the primary propulsion of spacecraft. This success is mainly due to three factors: reliability of this technology; efficiency of propellant utilization, and therefore reduction of the initial mass of the ship; possibility of operation over long time intervals, with practically unlimited cycling and restarts. This thrusting system is designed to be used in satellite attitude control and long term space missions. One of the greatest advantage of this kind of thruster is the production of a steady state magnetic field by permanent magnets providing electron trapping and Hall current generation within a significant decrease on the electric energy supply and thus turning this thruster into a specially good option when it comes to space usage

Ferreira, Jose Leonardo; Soares Ferreira, Ivan; Santos, Jean; Miranda, Rodrigo; Possa, M. Gabriela

85

Developing a self-diagnostic system for piezoelectric sensors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Measurement techniques for developing a self-diagnostic system for piezoelectric sensors are presented. The self-diagnostic system uses two types of measurement techniques based on passive and active evaluation of the piezoelectric element. Both hard and soft failures can be detected by this system. Hard failures such as loss of sensor signal and change in sensor output resistance are determined by monitoring the sensor's output resistance, voltage or current. These are passive measurements of the sensor's output condition. Soft failures include changes in sensor calibration and mounting conditions. Soft failures are detected by measuring structural/electrical impedance of the piezoelectric sensor. Active measurement techniques are used to calculate changes in piezoelectric element properties related to soft failures. This paper describes the general operating principles of a self-diagnostic system and discusses the design of an active/passive measurement technique required for this system to function. Experimental results using two types of piezoelectric accelerometers are presented.

Flanagan, Patrick M.; Atherton, William J.

1990-01-01

86

Development of a New Diagnostic System for Human Liver Diseases Based on Conventional Ultrasonic Diagnostic Equipment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, the authors present the experimental results of using a quantitative ultrasonic diagnosis technique for human liver diseases using the fractal dimension (FD) of the shape of the power spectra (PS) of RF signals. We have developed an experimental system based on a conventional ultrasonic diagnostic system. As a result, we show that normal livers, fatty livers and liver cirrhosis can be identified using the FD values.

Kikuchi, Tsuneo; Nakazawa, Toshihiro; Harada, Akimitsu; Sato, Hiroaki; Maruyama, Yukio; Sato, Sojun

2001-05-01

87

GammaKey system for improved diagnostics with gamma cameras.  

PubMed

We designed the GammaKey system for the acquisition, storage and analysis of images from semi-analogue gamma scintillation cameras (GSCs). The GammaKey system, operating on a standard PC, replicates the functionality of earlier dedicated computer systems, allows the exchange of data in the DICOM format and has an open architecture enabling the development of new diagnostic techniques. The main purpose of the GammaKey is to enable the continued use of old GSCs which have functional scintillation crystals, but also to permit data exchange with new digital GSCs. The GammaKey has been technically validated by standards established by the National Electrical Manufacturers Association. The GammaKey has been used for seven years in two leading centres for nuclear medicine in Serbia (the Clinical Center of Serbia, Belgrade, and the Clinical Center of Vojvodina, Novi Sad) in approximately 30,000 patients. Clinical application proves that the GammaKey is a robust and reliable system with high-quality image output. Data processing can be upgraded with non-standard features added on request as shown in two examples: (1) the testing of splenectomy efficacy in the case of thrombocytopenia with normal production; and (2) the detection and localisation of parathyroid adenomas. PMID:24845020

Jankovi?, Milica M; Pijetlovi?, Boris; Markovi?, Ana Koljevi?; Todorovi?-Tirnani?, Mila V; Beatovi?, Slobodanka Lj; Anti?, Vojislav; Odalovi?, Strahinja; Sekuli?, Stevan; Jorgovanovi?, Nikola; Popovi?, Dejan B

2014-07-01

88

Test processing system (SEE)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The SEE data processing system, developed in 1985, manages and process test results. General information is provided on the SEE system: objectives, characteristics, basic principles, general organization, and operation. Full documentation is accessible by computer using the HELP SEE command.

Gaulene, P.

1986-01-01

89

An extended spectrum of logical definitions for diagnostic systems  

E-print Network

Harmelen SWI University of Amsterdam fannette,frankhg@swi.psy.uva.nl Abstract The goal of this work system. A diagnostic system is de­ scribed by the set of observations \\Psi + that has to be covered and a set of observations \\Psi \\Gamma (which is com­ puted from the observations and the observables

ten Teije, Annette

90

CCFE-PR(14)02 Diagnostic Systems in DEMO  

E-print Network

systems mounted on the machine have to satisfy over twenty criteria, described in a JET design approval. It can immediately be seen that as onerous as the JET design criteria might be, to suit its nuclearT.N. Todd CCFE-PR(14)02 Diagnostic Systems in DEMO: Engineering Design Issues #12;Enquiries about

91

Electrically heated particulate filter diagnostic systems and methods  

DOEpatents

A system that diagnoses regeneration of an electrically heated particulate filter is provided. The system generally includes a grid module that diagnoses a fault of the grid based on at least one of a current signal and a voltage signal. A diagnostic module at least one of sets a fault status and generates a warning signal based on the fault of the grid.

Gonze, Eugene V [Pinckney, MI

2009-09-29

92

Devon C. Campbell Head, Engineering and Systems Novartis Molecular Diagnostics  

E-print Network

Devon C. Campbell Head, Engineering and Systems ­ Novartis Molecular Diagnostics MIT SDM Systems. Inform dosage Slow metabolizers vs. rapid metabolizers Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) D. Prognostic breast cancer patients $100M Fine Billions in lost sales 6 months incorrect results 3rd party reagent

93

An adaptive-learning expert system for maintenance diagnostics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Artificial Intelligence Applications to O-level Maintenance (AIATOM) expert system is the product of research into how artificial intelligence experience-based learning can improve the accuracy and cost effectiveness of fault diagnosis in a military maintenance environment. An adaptive diagnostic maintenance advisor, developed using LISP on a VAX system, learns new symptoms and forms new associations between sets of known symptoms

LUC P. TRAN; JOHN P. HANCOCK

1989-01-01

94

Summer School Diagnostics and Prognostics of Fuel Cell Systems  

E-print Network

ANR PROPICE Summer School Diagnostics and Prognostics of Fuel Cell Systems 01-04 July 2014, FCLAB, Belfort, France https://propice.ens2m.fr/ecole-diag-pron-PAC.html Motivations and objectives Fuel Cell, particularly by increasing their limited lifespan. Indeed, Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell systems (PEMFC

Jeanjean, Louis

95

Diagnostic Systems of the Princeton MRI Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MRI experiment at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory is a Taylor-Couette device for the study of rotational instabilities in sheared flows of a magnetized liquid metal GaInSn alloy [1]. Four components of the containment vessel (the inner and outer cylinders, and segmented top and bottom plates) may be rotated independent of each other to tailor the fluid rotation profile. External azimuthal coils produce vertical magnetic fields up to 5 kG. The primary signatures of rotational turbulence are found in the fluctuations of the magnetic field and fluid velocity. An array of 72 externally mounted magnetic pick-up coils detects global magnetic perturbations and can distinguish low order axial and azimuthal mode numbers. A proposed additional coil may be mounted in a fin and inserted into the fluid for measurement of local magnetic perturbations. An outer wall mounted transducer, acting as both transmitter and receiver, operates at 4 MHz in a pulse-echo configuration and measures both the equilibrium and fluctuating fluid velocity. We will present plans for a novel diagnostic to measure the torque at the fluid-wall interface, employing strain gauges between the outer wall and a coaxial sleeve. Work supported by the US DOE, NASA and the NSF.[4pt] [1] E. Schartman, H. Ji and M.J. Burin, RSI 80, 24501 (2009).

Edlund, E. M.; Ji, H.; Garot, K.; Nornberg, M. D.; Roach, A. H.; Spence, E. J.

2009-11-01

96

The oral-systemic connection: role of salivary diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Utilizing saliva instead of blood for diagnosis of both local and systemic health is a rapidly emerging field. Recognition of oral-systemic interrelationships for many diseases has fostered collaborations between medicine and dentistry, and many of these collaborations rely on salivary diagnostics. The oral cavity is easily accessed and contains most of the analytes present in blood. Saliva and mucosal transudate are generally utilized for oral diagnostics, but gingival crevicular fluid, buccal swabs, dental plaque and volatiles may also be useful depending on the analyte being studied. Examples of point-of-care devices capable of detecting HIV, TB, and Malaria targets are being developed and discussed in this overview.

Malamud, Daniel

2013-05-01

97

Diagnostic development for the ElectriCOIL flow system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detailed studies of mechanisms for producing electrically initiated COIL lasers were previously presented. Results of those studies along with more recent experimental results show that electric excitation is a very complex process that must be investigated with advanced diagnostics. Theoretical studies indicate that fractions of O2( 1 ?) may be produced in the discharge that will permit lasing of an

J. T. Verdeyen; D. M. King; D. L. Carroll; W. C. Solomon

98

High-energy laser plasma diagnostic system  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the development of a non-contact diagnosis system for analyzing the plasma density profile, temperature profile, and ionic species of a high energy laser-generated plasma. The system was developed by Physical Optics Corporation in cooperation with the U.S. Army Space and Missile Defense Command, High Energy Laser Systems Test Facility at White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. The

Mingjun M. Zhao; Tin M. Aye; Norbert Fruehauf; Gajendra D. Savant; Daniel A. Erwin; Brayton E. Smoot; Rich Loose

2000-01-01

99

Data mining based full ceramic bearing fault diagnostic system using AE sensors.  

PubMed

Full ceramic bearings are considered the first step toward full ceramic, oil-free engines in the future. No research on full ceramic bearing fault diagnostics using acoustic emission (AE) sensors has been reported. Unlike their steel counterparts, signal processing methods to extract effective AE fault characteristic features and fault diagnostic systems for full ceramic bearings have not been developed. In this paper, a data mining based full ceramic bearing diagnostic system using AE based condition indicators (CIs) is presented. The system utilizes a new signal processing method based on Hilbert Huang transform to extract AE fault features for the computation of CIs. These CIs are used to build a data mining based fault classifier using a k-nearest neighbor algorithm. Seeded fault tests on full ceramic bearing outer race, inner race, balls, and cage are conducted on a bearing diagnostic test rig and AE burst data are collected. The effectiveness of the developed fault diagnostic system is validated using real full ceramic bearing seeded fault test data. PMID:21990335

He, David; Li, Ruoyu; Zhu, Junda; Zade, Mikhail

2011-12-01

100

Diagnostic Systems Approach to Watershed Management  

SciTech Connect

The water quality of discharge from the surface water system is ultimately dictated by land use and climate within the watershed. Water quality has vastly improved from point source reduction measures, yet, non-point source pollutants continue to rise. 30 to 40% of rivers still do not meet water quality standards for reasons that include impact from urban storm water runoff, agricultural and livestock runoff, and loss of wetlands. Regulating non-point source pollutants proves to be difficult since specific dischargers are difficult to identify. However, parameters such as dissolved organic carbon (DOC) limit the amounts of chlorination due to simultaneous disinfection by-product formation. The concept of watershed management has gained much ground over the years as a means to resolve non-point source problems. Under this management scheme stakeholders in a watershed collectively agree to the nature and extent of non-point sources, determine water quality causes using sound scientific approaches, and together develop and implement a corrective plan. However, the ''science'' of watershed management currently has several shortcomings according to a recent National Research Council report. The scientific component of watershed management depends on acquiring knowledge that links water quality sources with geographic regions. However, there is an observational gap in this knowledge. In particular, almost all the water quality data that exists at a utility are of high frequency collected at a single point over a long period of time. Water quality data for utility purposes are rarely collected over an entire watershed. The potential is high, however, for various utilities in a single watershed to share and integrate water quality data, but no regulatory incentives exist at this point. The only other available water quality data originate from special scientific studies. Unfortunately these data rarely have long-term records and are usually tailored to address unrelated research questions. The goal of this research was to investigate whether scientific research tools were available that could provide evidence that links water quality and land type. In particular, could such tools be used on raw water at the treatment point rather than monitoring over a large geographic spanning a watershed. This report summarizes the utility of using isotopic tracers to better understand sources of non-point source pollution and their relation to industry standard water quality measurements. In this study we have found that much of the water quality data generated by utilities is under-interpreted in the context of understanding watershed processes. For example, the City of St. Louis depends solely on the Missouri River for drinking water, but due to large variability in discharge and runoff sources, they are faced with DOC concentrations that vary nearly a factor of three within a single season. The relationship between discharge and concentration has not been constrained. However, we found a linear correlation between the DOC concentration and the fractional amount of downstream discharge (derived from within the State of Missouri). This correlation relates directly to differences in land use and climate between the upstream and downstream portions of the river basin.

Davisson, M L

2001-02-23

101

DECISION-SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR DIAGNOSTICS RESEARCH  

EPA Science Inventory

In Phase 1 of this research, we will identify existing tools, methods, and models available to support establishment of cause-effect relationships. In Phase 2, we will investigate existing decision support systems and produce an appropriate decision support system design. Based ...

102

Evaluation of Emerging Diagnostic Tools for Commercial HVAC Systems  

E-print Network

and manual diagnostic methods. Control points Automated data acquisition Archive Pre-process Visualize Detect Diagnose TOOL F TOOL E TOOL D limited TOOL C limited TOOL B TOOL A Figure 1. Tool Scope TOOL EVALUATION The introduction gave an overview of tool.... Tool F?s main limitation is a lack of automation to diagnostics, with user-defined conditional alarms as the only method of automated detection. The tool extends beyond EMCS alarm capabilities by adding long-term archiving and advanced visualization...

Friedman, H.; Piette, M. A.

2001-01-01

103

Wire-rope emplacement of diagnostics systems  

SciTech Connect

The study reported here was initiated to determine if, with the Cable Downhole System (CDS) currently under development, there is an advantage to using continuous wire rope to lower the emplacement package to the bottom of the hole. A baseline design using two wire ropes as well as several alternatives are discussed in this report. It was concluded that the advantages of the wire-rope emplacement system do not justify the cost of converting to such a system, especially for LLNL's maximum emplacement package weights.

Burden, W.L.

1982-05-07

104

Diagnosis of the Abnormality Extracted MRI Slice Images of a GUI Based Intelligent Diagnostic Imaging System  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diagnosis is the Key feature of an Intelligent Diagnostic Imaging System (IDIS). This paper describes the major diagnosis depending on the shape, texture, and area of the abnormality. Abnormality extraction is the vital step in a series of processes aimed at overall image understanding. Region based segmentation is used for abnormality extraction. This paper also describes author defined algorithms for

Jose Alex Mathew; A. M. Khan; U. C. Niranjan

2011-01-01

105

Spacelab Life Sciences-1 electrical diagnostic expert system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Spacelab Life Sciences-1 (SLS-1) Electrical Diagnostic (SLED) expert system is a continuous, real time knowledge-based system to monitor and diagnose electrical system problems in the Spacelab. After fault isolation, the SLED system provides corrective procedures and advice to the ground-based console operator. The SLED system updates its knowledge about the status of Spacelab every 3 seconds. The system supports multiprocessing of malfunctions and allows multiple failures to be handled simultaneously. Information which is readily available via a mouse click includes: general information about the system and each component, the electrical schematics, the recovery procedures of each malfunction, and an explanation of the diagnosis.

Kao, C. Y.; Morris, W. S.

1989-01-01

106

PACIFIC ISLANDS DISTANCE DIAGNOSTICS AND RECOMMENDATION (PIDDRS) SYSTEM  

E-print Network

: Tips for Capturing a Good Digital Image for Diagnostic Sampling 37 #12; PACIFIC ISLANDS DISTANCE and Recommendation System (PIDDRS) is an avenue for transmitting digital photographs, and descriptions of insects of invasive insect pests, plant pathogens, weeds and other organisms on island ecosystems are severe, not only

107

Beam guiding system for Rutherford scattering diagnostic at TEXTOR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A beam guiding system for a neutral beam probe diagnostics is developed for implementation at the Textor experiment. Energetic helium atoms scattered on the plasma ions provided information about the local ion temperature. Time resolution is attained by sampling scattered particles measured individually by a time of flight analyzer.

Cosler, A.; Vanderven, H. W.; Barbian, E. P.; Bertschinger, G.; Vanblokland, A. A. E.; Kemmereit, E.

1988-11-01

108

MRI-guided nanorobotic systems for therapeutic and diagnostic applications  

E-print Network

for targeted drug delivery in the human body. The expectation is that they will achieve substan- tially would be realizable: to conduct curative and reconstructive treatment in the human body at the cellular1 MRI-guided nanorobotic systems for therapeutic and diagnostic applications Panagiotis

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

109

Diagnostic Performance of Electronic Syndromic Surveillance Systems in Acute Care  

PubMed Central

Context Healthcare Electronic Syndromic Surveillance (ESS) is the systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of ongoing clinical data with subsequent dissemination of results, which aid clinical decision-making. Objective To evaluate, classify and analyze the diagnostic performance, strengths and limitations of existing acute care ESS systems. Data Sources All available to us studies in Ovid MEDLINE, Ovid EMBASE, CINAHL and Scopus databases, from as early as January 1972 through the first week of September 2012. Study Selection: Prospective and retrospective trials, examining the diagnostic performance of inpatient ESS and providing objective diagnostic data including sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values. Data Extraction Two independent reviewers extracted diagnostic performance data on ESS systems, including clinical area, number of decision points, sensitivity and specificity. Positive and negative likelihood ratios were calculated for each healthcare ESS system. A likelihood matrix summarizing the various ESS systems performance was created. Results The described search strategy yielded 1639 articles. Of these, 1497 were excluded on abstract information. After full text review, abstraction and arbitration with a third reviewer, 33 studies met inclusion criteria, reporting 102,611 ESS decision points. The yielded I2 was high (98.8%), precluding meta-analysis. Performance was variable, with sensitivities ranging from 21% –100% and specificities ranging from 5%-100%. Conclusions There is significant heterogeneity in the diagnostic performance of the available ESS implements in acute care, stemming from the wide spectrum of different clinical entities and ESS systems. Based on the results, we introduce a conceptual framework using a likelihood ratio matrix for evaluation and meaningful application of future, frontline clinical decision support systems. PMID:23874359

Kashiouris, M.; O’Horo, J.C.; Pickering, B.W.; Herasevich, V.

2013-01-01

110

A modern diagnostic approach for automobile systems condition monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An important topic in automotive research and development is the area of active and passive safety systems. In general, it is grouped in active safety systems to prevent accidents and passive systems to reduce the impact of a crash. An example for an active system is ABS while a seat belt tensioner represents the group of passive systems. Current developments in the automotive industry try to link active with passive system components to enable a complete event sequence, beginning with the warning of the driver about a critical situation till the automatic emergency call after an accident. The cross-linking has an impact on the current diagnostic approach, which is described in this paper. Therefore, this contribution introduces a new diagnostic approach for automotive mechatronic systems. The concept is based on monitoring the messages which are exchanged via the automotive communication systems, e.g. the CAN bus. According to the authors' assumption, the messages on the bus are changing between faultless and faulty vehicle condition. The transmitted messages of the sensors and control units are different depending on the condition of the car. First experiments are carried and in addition, the hardware design of a suitable diagnostic interface is presented. Finally, first results will be presented and discussed.

Selig, M.; Shi, Z.; Ball, A.; Schmidt, K.

2012-05-01

111

Investigation of PACVD protective coating processes using advanced diagnostics techniques  

SciTech Connect

Objective is to understand the mechanisms governing nonequilibrium plasma atomistic or molecular deposition of hard face coatings. Laser diagnostic methods include coherent anti-Stokes Raman spectroscopy (CARS) and laser-induced fluorescence. TiB[sub 2] and diamonds were used as the hard face coating materials. Diborane was used as precursor to TiB[sub 2].

Roman, W.C.

1993-05-07

112

Diagnostic of tooth fractures with the Vistascan system.  

PubMed

Compared with conventional films digital radiography allows a wide range of exposure and scanner settings. The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the evaluation of tooth fractures depending on variations of exposure dose, scanner settings and surrounding tissues. Extracted human teeth were exposed separately and in a pig bone phantom before and after artificial fracture at 70 kV (Gendex Oralix DC) and three exposure settings using the Vistascan System I at three different resolution settings. Five dental observers evaluated 432 radiographs of 12 adequately fractured teeth under randomized conditions for the existence of a tooth fracture on a five-point scale. The highest value of true ratings (76.7%) with pig bone vicinity was achieved at 56 micro Gy (160 ms) and 20 lp mm(-1), followed by 71.7% at 27 micro Gy (80 ms) and 20 lp mm(-1). The worst diagnostic accuracy of 56.7% true ratings resulted from 6 micro Gy (20 ms) and 10 lp mm(-1). With radiographs of teeth in empty surroundings the rate of true decisions was in some cases significantly higher. For the diagnostics of tooth fractures with the Vistascan System I the diagnostic value seems to depend on, besides radiographic projection, the scanner resolution setting, the surrounding tissues and the exposure dose. PMID:18821958

Künzel, Andreas; Weimar, Sabine; Willers, Reinhart; Becker, Jürgen

2008-10-01

113

Spitzer Telemetry Processing System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Spitzer Telemetry Processing System (SirtfTlmProc) was designed to address objectives of JPL's Multi-mission Image Processing Lab (MIPL) in processing spacecraft telemetry and distributing the resulting data to the science community. To minimize costs and maximize operability, the software design focused on automated error recovery, performance, and information management. The system processes telemetry from the Spitzer spacecraft and delivers Level 0 products to the Spitzer Science Center. SirtfTlmProc is a unique system with automated error notification and recovery, with a real-time continuous service that can go quiescent after periods of inactivity. The software can process 2 GB of telemetry and deliver Level 0 science products to the end user in four hours. It provides analysis tools so the operator can manage the system and troubleshoot problems. It automates telemetry processing in order to reduce staffing costs.

Stanboli, Alice; Martinez, Elmain M.; McAuley, James M.

2013-01-01

114

Optical diagnostics integrated with laser spark delivery system  

DOEpatents

A spark delivery system for generating a spark using a laser beam is provided, and includes a laser light source and a laser delivery assembly. The laser delivery assembly includes a hollow fiber and a launch assembly comprising launch focusing optics to input the laser beam in the hollow fiber. The laser delivery assembly further includes exit focusing optics that demagnify an exit beam of laser light from the hollow fiber, thereby increasing the intensity of the laser beam and creating a spark. Other embodiments use a fiber laser to generate a spark. Embodiments of the present invention may be used to create a spark in an engine. Yet other embodiments include collecting light from the spark or a flame resulting from the spark and conveying the light for diagnostics. Methods of using the spark delivery systems and diagnostic systems are provided.

Yalin, Azer (Fort Collins, CO); Willson, Bryan (Fort Collins, CO); Defoort, Morgan (Fort Collins, CO); Joshi, Sachin (Fort Collins, CO); Reynolds, Adam (Fort Collins, CO)

2008-09-02

115

Diagnostic development for the ElectriCOIL flow system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detailed studies of mechanisms for producing electrically initiated COIL lasers were previously presented. Results of those studies along with more recent experimental results show that electric excitation is a very complex process that must be investigated with advanced diagnostics. Theoretical studies indicate that fractions of O2(1(Delta) ) may be produced in the discharge that will permit lasing of an ElectriCOIL

Joseph T. Verdeyen; Darren M. King; David L. Carroll; Wayne C. Solomon

2002-01-01

116

Physics Design Considerations for Diagnostic X Electron Beam Transport System  

SciTech Connect

The Diagnostic X (D-X) beamlines will transport the DARHT-II beam from the end of the accelerator to the Diagnostic X firing point providing four lines of sight for x-ray radiography. The design goal for the Diagnostic X beamline is to deliver four x-ray pulses with the DARHT-II dose format and time integrated spot size on each line of sight. The D-X beamline's final focus should be compatible with a range of first conjugates from 1 m-5 m. Furthermore, the D-X beamline operational parameters and the beamline layout should not preclude a possible upgrade to additional lines of sight. The DARHT-II accelerator is designed to deliver beams at a rate of 1 pulse per minute or less. Tuning the D-X beamline with several hundred optical elements would be time consuming. Therefore, minimizing the required number of tuning shots for the D-X beamline is also an important design goal. Many different beamline configurations may be able to accomplish these design objectives, and high beam quality (i.e., high current and low emittance) must be maintained throughout the chosen beamline configuration in order to achieve the DARHT-II x-ray dose format. In general, the longer the distance a beam travels, the harder it is to preserve the beam quality. Therefore, from the point of view of maintaining beam quality, it is highly desirable to minimize the beamline length. Lastly, modification to the DARHT-II building and the downstream transport should be minimized. Several processes can degrade beam quality by increasing the beam emittance, increasing the time-varying transverse beam motion, creating a beam halo, or creating a time-varying beam envelope. In this report, we consider those processes in the passive magnet lattice beamline and indicate how they constrain the beamline design. The physics design considerations for the active components such as the kicker system will be discussed in Ref. 2. In Sec. I, we discuss how beam emittance affects the x-ray forward dose. We also establish a physics design goal for the emittance growth budget. In Sec. II, we discuss how the conductivity and size of the beam pipe affects the transverse beam motion. We also discuss the emittance growth arise from the beam centroid offset. In Sec. III, we discuss the background gas focusing effects and establish the vacuum requirements. In Sec. IV, we consider the emittance growth in a bend. In Sec. V, we discuss the misalignment and corkscrew motion. The design specifications for misalignment are established. In Secs. VI and VII, we discuss the design objectives on how to extract beams from the DARHT-II beamline and how to minimize the tuning shots. The integrated spot size and final focusing are discussed in Sec. VIII. A conclusion will be presented in Sec. IX.

Chen, Y-J

2000-04-10

117

Hazard analysis of a computer based medical diagnostic system.  

PubMed

Medical screening of sectors of the population is now a routine and vital part of health care: an example is cervical smear testing. There is currently significant interest in the possible introduction of semi-automated microscopy systems for cervical cytology and one such experimental system is now undergoing laboratory trials. A collaborative project has been set up to demonstrate the benefits and constraints that arise from applying safety-critical methods developed in other domains to such a diagnostic system. We have carried out a system hazard analysis, successfully using the HAZOP technique adapted from the petrochemical industry. PMID:7988111

Chudleigh, M F

1994-07-01

118

Expert systems in the process industries  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper gives an overview of industrial applications of real-time knowledge based expert systems (KBES's) in the process industries. After a brief overview of the features of a KBES useful in process applications, the general roles of KBES's are covered. A particular focus is diagnostic applications, one of the major applications areas. Many applications are seen as an expansion of supervisory control. The lessons learned from numerous online applications are summarized.

Stanley, G. M.

1992-01-01

119

RADAR SYSTEMS FOR INFRASTRUCTURES DIAGNOSTICS: A REVIEW Ilaria Catapano, Antonio Affinito, Lorenzo Crocco, Francesco Soldovieri  

E-print Network

RADAR SYSTEMS FOR INFRASTRUCTURES DIAGNOSTICS: A REVIEW Ilaria Catapano, Antonio Affinito, Lorenzo assessing the reconstruction capabilities of two different radar systems for subsurface imaging and civil engineering monitoring and diagnostics. In fact, Ground Penetrating Radar and Holographic Radar are well

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

120

Industrial process surveillance system  

DOEpatents

A system and method are disclosed for monitoring an industrial process and/or industrial data source. The system includes generating time varying data from industrial data sources, processing the data to obtain time correlation of the data, determining the range of data, determining learned states of normal operation and using these states to generate expected values, comparing the expected values to current actual values to identify a current state of the process closest to a learned, normal state; generating a set of modeled data, and processing the modeled data to identify a data pattern and generating an alarm upon detecting a deviation from normalcy. 96 figs.

Gross, K.C.; Wegerich, S.W.; Singer, R.M.; Mott, J.E.

1998-06-09

121

Industrial Process Surveillance System  

DOEpatents

A system and method for monitoring an industrial process and/or industrial data source. The system includes generating time varying data from industrial data sources, processing the data to obtain time correlation of the data, determining the range of data, determining learned states of normal operation and using these states to generate expected values, comparing the expected values to current actual values to identify a current state of the process closest to a learned, normal state; generating a set of modeled data, and processing the modeled data to identify a data pattern and generating an alarm upon detecting a deviation from normalcy.

Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Wegerich, Stephan W (Glendale Heights, IL); Singer, Ralph M. (Naperville, IL); Mott, Jack E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

2001-01-30

122

Industrial process surveillance system  

DOEpatents

A system and method for monitoring an industrial process and/or industrial data source. The system includes generating time varying data from industrial data sources, processing the data to obtain time correlation of the data, determining the range of data, determining learned states of normal operation and using these states to generate expected values, comparing the expected values to current actual values to identify a current state of the process closest to a learned, normal state; generating a set of modeled data, and processing the modeled data to identify a data pattern and generating an alarm upon detecting a deviation from normalcy.

Gross, Kenneth C. (Bolingbrook, IL); Wegerich, Stephan W. (Glendale Heights, IL); Singer, Ralph M. (Naperville, IL); Mott, Jack E. (Idaho Falls, ID)

1998-01-01

123

Diagnostic reasoning in digital systems. M.S. Thesis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Described is an efficient method for fault diagnosis in digital systems based on the technique of reasoning. The methodology operates on the observed erroneous behavior and the structure of the system. The behavior consists of the error(s) observed on the circuit's output lines and specific values on the circuit's input lines. The techniques described improve on previously published research on diagnostic reasoning in two ways. Previous work has stressed system independent techniques which could be used to diagnose any faulty system whose structure can be represented. By concentrating on the specific case of diagnosing faulty digital circuits, it is possible to simplify the representation of the structure of the system. This representation, in the form of an AND/OR fault tree, efficiently abstracts the structure of a faulty digital system. More importantly, a method for partitioning the digital system is introduced which can considerably reduce the runtime complexity of a diagnosis.

Thearling, Kurt Henry

1987-01-01

124

A local area network diagnostic assistant expert system  

SciTech Connect

We are currently developing a stand-alone Local Area Network (LAN) Diagnostic Assistant expert system to assist system managers in diagnosing network-related hardware and software malfunctions. The goal of this system is to aid in identifying malfunctions associated with a single workstation, a group of workstations, communications between workstations, and general statements of the ''Ethernet not working'' type of problems. The system consists of a geographical editor for data entry and modification of LAN information and a diagnostic environment for solving problems. Much work has been done in laying the initial framework for the system in the areas of LAN representation, the problem-solving strategy, and the user interface. We used a hierarchical frame-based representation for the LAN. Information for the strategy mechanism was gathered through case studies and background information. Ideas from heuristic classification were incorporated into the strategy mechanism. As in any system development, a majority of the time was spent developing a good user interface. We used graphics renditions wherever natural and minimized keyboard input by using mouse-selectable buttons and menus. Currently, a prototype version of the system is available that assists with some single-workstation problems. 7 refs., 10 figs.

Mniszewski, S.M.; Peter, E.A.; Lloyd, S.C.

1988-01-01

125

Commissioning results of the APS storage ring diagnostics systems  

SciTech Connect

Initial commissionings of the Advanced Photon Source (APS) 7-GeV storage ring and its diagnostics systems have been done. Early studies involved single-bunch measurements for beam transverse size ({sigma}{sub x} {approx} 150 {mu}m, {sigma}{sub y} {approx} 50 {mu}m), current, injection losses, and bunch length. The diagnostics have been used in studies related to the detection of an extra contribution to beam jitter at {approximately} 6.5 Hz frequency; observation of bunch lengthening ({sigma} {approx} 30 to 60 ps) with single-bunch current; observation of an induced vertical, head-tail instability; and detection of a small orbit change with insertion device gap position. More recently, operations at 100-mA stored-beam current, the baseline design goal, have been achieved with the support of beam characterizations.

Lumpkin, A.H.

1996-12-31

126

WEAVE core processing system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

WEAVE is an approved massive wide field multi-object optical spectrograph (MOS) currently entering its build phase, destined for use on the 4.2-m William Herschel Telescope (WHT). It will be commissioned and begin survey operations in 2017. This paper describes the core processing system (CPS) system being developed to process the bulk data flow from WEAVE. We describe the processes and techniques to be used in producing the scientifically validated 'Level 1' data products from the WEAVE data. CPS outputs will include calibrated one-d spectra and initial estimates of basic parameters such as radial velocities (for stars) and redshifts (for galaxies).

Walton, Nicholas A.; Irwin, Mike; Lewis, James R.; Gonzalez-Solares, Eduardo; Dalton, Gavin; Trager, Scott; Aguerri, J. Alfonso L.; Allende Prieto, Carlos; Benn, Chris R.; Abrams, Don Carlos; Picó, Sergio; Middleton, Kevin; Lodi, Marcello; Bonifacio, Piercarlo

2014-07-01

127

Evaluation of the NDP (neutron diagnostic probe) system  

SciTech Connect

The neutron diagnostic probe (NDP), an explosive detection system developed by Consolidated Controls Corporation and based on the associated-alpha-particle technique, was evaluated. Although many problems were found with the prototype system that make it useless for most practical applications, the NDP system may be considered a successful proof-of-principle for the basic explosive detection system design. In addition to evaluating the design and performance of the present system, models were developed to estimate the performance that might reasonably be expected from full scale systems of different conceptual design. Specific examples involved various types of bulk and sheet explosives contained in a suitcase and a large crate. Also considered were the effects of innocuous materials surrounding explosives in different scenarios, including the deliberate use of shielding materials as a countermeasure to detection. 11 refs., 46 figs., 24 tabs.

Pentaleri, E.A.; Eisen, Y.Y.

1990-12-01

128

Optical Diagnostic System for Solar Sails: Phase 1 Final Report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's In-Space Propulsion program recently selected AEC-ABLE Engineering and L'Garde, Inc. to develop scale-model solar sail hardware and demonstrate its functionality on the ground. Both are square sail designs with lightweight diagonal booms (<100 g/m) and ultra-thin membranes (<10 g/sq m). To support this technology, the authors are developing an integrated diagnostics instrumentation package for monitoring solar sail structures such as these in a near-term flight experiment. We refer to this activity as the "Optical Diagnostic System (ODS) for Solar Sails" project. The approach uses lightweight optics and photogrammetric techniques to measure solar sail membrane and boom shape and dynamics, thermography to map temperature, and non-optical sensors including MEMS accelerometers and load cells. The diagnostics package must measure key structural characteristics including deployment dynamics, sail support tension, boom and sail deflection, boom and sail natural frequencies, sail temperature, and sail integrity. This report summarizes work in the initial 6-month Phase I period (conceptual design phase) and complements the final presentation given in Huntsville, AL on January 14, 2004.

Pappa, Richard S.; Blandino, Joseph R.; Caldwell, Douglas W.; Carroll, Joseph A.; Jenkins, Christopher H. M.; Pollock, Thomas C.

2004-01-01

129

Anti-DNA antibodies: a diagnostic and prognostic tool for systemic lupus erythematosus?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The clinical impact of anti-DNA antibodies lies on their diagnostic power for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), being a formal classification criterion. In spite of such a disease association, low-avidity anti-DNA antibodies might also be part of the natural autoantibody repertoire. Their switch to pathogenic high-avidity autoantibodies is the result of the autoimmune process leading to SLE. Anti-DNA antibodies were shown

Piersandro Riboldi; Maria Gerosa; Gabriella Moroni; Antonella Radice; Flavio Allegri; Alberto Sinico; Angela Tincani; Pier Luigi Meroni

2005-01-01

130

THE RARE EARTH PEAK: AN OVERLOOKED r-PROCESS DIAGNOSTIC  

SciTech Connect

The astrophysical site or sites responsible for the r-process of nucleosynthesis still remains an enigma. Since the rare earth region is formed in the latter stages of the r-process, it provides a unique probe of the astrophysical conditions during which the r-process takes place. We use features of a successful rare earth region in the context of a high-entropy r-process (S {approx}> 100k{sub B} ) and discuss the types of astrophysical conditions that produce abundance patterns that best match meteoritic and observational data. Despite uncertainties in nuclear physics input, this method effectively constrains astrophysical conditions.

Mumpower, Matthew R.; McLaughlin, G. C. [Department of Physics, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695-8202 (United States); Surman, Rebecca, E-mail: mrmumpow@ncsu.edu, E-mail: gail_mclaughlin@ncsu.edu, E-mail: surmanr@union.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Union College, Schenectady, NY 12308 (United States)

2012-06-20

131

The Rare Earth Peak : An Overlooked r-Process Diagnostic  

E-print Network

The astrophysical site or sites responsible for the r-process of nucleosynthesis still remains an enigma. Since the rare earth region is formed in the latter stages of the r-process it provides a unique probe of the astrophysical conditions during which the r-process takes place. We use features of a successful rare earth region in the context of a high entropy r-process (S>100k_B) and discuss the types of astrophysical conditions that produce abundance patterns that best match meteoritic and observational data. Despite uncertainties in nuclear physics input, this method effectively constrains astrophysical conditions.

M. Mumpower; G. McLaughlin; R. Surman

2012-02-08

132

Using hypermedia to develop an intelligent tutorial/diagnostic system for the Space Shuttle Main Engine Controller Lab  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This is a tutorial/diagnostic system for training personnel in the use of the Space Shuttle Main Engine Controller (SSMEC) Simulation Lab. It also provides a diagnostic capable of isolating lab failures at least to the major lab component. The system was implemented using Hypercard, which is an program of hypermedia running on Apple Macintosh computers. Hypercard proved to be a viable platform for the development and use of sophisticated tutorial systems and moderately capable diagnostic systems. This tutorial/diagnostic system uses the basic Hypercard tools to provide the tutorial. The diagnostic part of the system uses a simple interpreter written in the Hypercard language (Hypertalk) to implement the backward chaining rule based logic commonly found in diagnostic systems using Prolog. Some of the advantages of Hypercard in developing this type of system include sophisticated graphics, animation, sound and voice capabilities, its ability as a hypermedia tool, and its ability to include digitized pictures. The major disadvantage is the slow execution time for evaluation of rules (due to the interpretive processing of the language). Other disadvantages include the limitation on the size of the cards, that color is not supported, that it does not support grey scale graphics, and its lack of selectable fonts for text fields.

Oreilly, Daniel; Williams, Robert; Yarborough, Kevin

1988-01-01

133

In-flight particle diagnostics in induction plasma processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

A laser Doppler anemometer combined with a particle-emission spectrometer, are used for the study of the induction plasma spraying process. For this, the effects of chamber pressure, spray distance and torch nozzle design on the particle surface temperature and velocity as well as the fraction of hot particles included in the stream of processed material, were investigated. A comparison between

S. Coulombe; M. I. Boulos

1995-01-01

134

Signal acquisition and processing in medical diagnostic ultrasound  

Microsoft Academic Search

As uses for ultrasound increase, so does the need for effective signal processing techniques. In this article we provide an overview of signal acquisition and processing in modern medical ultrasound imaging equipment and present some of the more important concepts in practice today. Images and data types typical of current ultrasound equipment are reviewed; fundamental acoustics and design parameters that

J. U. Quistgaard

1997-01-01

135

TiN Deposition and Process Diagnostics using Remote Plasma Sputtering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The discharge voltage-current characteristics and the optical diagnostics of a remote plasma sputtering system called by high density plasma assisted sputtering source (HiPASS) were investigated. The remote plasma was generated by the hollow cathode discharge (HCD) gun and was transported to the target surface by external electromagnet coils. This showed a wide process window because the sputtering voltage and current could be individually controlled. The ion density and energy distribution could be also controlled unlike the conventional magnetron sputtering. Titanium nitride films were deposited under different sputtering voltage. The high voltage mode induced the high ionization ratio of the sputtered atoms and the high ion energy toward the substrate. That resulted in the enlarged grain size, and the preferred orientation toward (220). Eventually, this optimized condition of HiPASS obtained the best hardness of TiN films to be about 48 GPa at the sputtering voltage of -800 V.

Yang, Wonkyun; Kim, Gi-Taek; Lee, Seunghun; Kim, Do-Geun; Kim, Jong-Kuk

2013-08-01

136

A Systems Theoretic Application to Design for the Safety of Medical Diagnostic Devices  

E-print Network

to Design for the Safety of Medical Diagnostic Devices by Vincent HA Systems Theoretic Application to Design for the Safety of Medical Diagnostic Devices by Vincent H. Balgos B.S. Chemical Engineering B

Leveson, Nancy

137

Criteria Combinations in the Personality Disorders: Challenges Associated with a Polythetic Diagnostic System  

E-print Network

Converging research on the diagnostic criteria for personality disorders (PDs) reveals that most criteria have different psychometric properties. This finding is inconsistent with the DSM-IV-TR PD diagnostic system, which weights each criterion...

Cooper, Luke D.

2011-08-08

138

Systemic lupus erythematosus diagnostics in the ‘omics’ era  

PubMed Central

Systemic lupus erythematosus is a complex autoimmune disease affecting multiple organ systems. Currently, diagnosis relies upon meeting at least four out of eleven criteria outlined by the ACR. The scientific community actively pursues discovery of novel diagnostics in the hope of better identifying susceptible individuals in early stages of disease. Comprehensive studies have been conducted at multiple biological levels including: DNA (or genomics), mRNA (or transcriptomics), protein (or proteomics) and metabolites (or metabolomics). The ‘omics’ platforms allow us to re-examine systemic lupus erythematosus at a greater degree of molecular resolution. More importantly, one is hopeful that these ‘omics’ platforms may yield newer biomarkers for systemic lupus erythematosus that can help clinicians track the disease course with greater sensitivity and specificity. PMID:24860621

Arriens, Cristina; Mohan, Chandra

2014-01-01

139

Flight Test of Propulsion Monitoring and Diagnostic System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objective of this program was to perform flight tests of the propulsion monitoring and diagnostic system (PMDS) technology concept developed by Honeywell under the NASA Advanced General Aviation Transport Experiment (AGATE) program. The PMDS concept is intended to independently monitor the performance of the engine, providing continuous status to the pilot along with warnings if necessary as well as making the data available to ground maintenance personnel via a special interface. These flight tests were intended to demonstrate the ability of the PMDS concept to detect a class of selected sensor hardware failures, and the ability to successfully model the engine for the purpose of engine diagnosis.

Gabel, Steve; Elgersma, Mike

2002-01-01

140

Context-Processing Deficits in Schizophrenia: Diagnostic Specificity, 4-Week Course, and Relationships to Clinical Symptoms  

E-print Network

Context-Processing Deficits in Schizophrenia: Diagnostic Specificity, 4-Week Course of Pittsburgh and Princeton University Previous research on schizophrenia suggests that context-processing disturbances are one of the core cognitive deficits present in schizophrenia. However, it is not clear whether

141

Diagnostic image processing of remote operating seals for aerospace application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper discusses the use of image processing techniques for monitoring the performance of a sealing ring for an aircraft actuator. Methods of processing the images of a deforming seal ring and the mathematical relations between the computer acquired Cartesian images to the axisymmetric ring geometry are presented. Some of the features which allow the accurate interpretation of the images are discussed. The results obtained show the deformation of a seal ring under a hydrodynamic environment that exists in the actuator.

Nwagboso, C. O.

1991-05-01

142

A Diagnostic System for Improving Biomass Quality Based on a Sensor Network  

PubMed Central

Losses during storage of biomass are the main parameter that defines the profitability of using preserved biomass as feed for animal husbandry. In order to minimize storage losses, potential changes in specific physicochemical properties must be identified to subsequently act as indicators of silage decomposition and form the basis for preventive measures. This study presents a framework for a diagnostic system capable of detecting potential changes in specific physicochemical properties, i.e., temperature and the oxygen content, during the biomass storage process. The diagnostic system comprises a monitoring tool based on a wireless sensors network and a prediction tool based on a validated computation fluid dynamics model. It is shown that the system can provide the manager (end-user) with continuously updated information about specific biomass quality parameters. The system encompasses graphical visualization of the information to the end-user as a first step and, as a second step, the system identifies alerts depicting real differences between actual and predicted values of the monitored properties. The perspective is that this diagnostic system will provide managers with a solid basis for necessary preventive measures. PMID:22163886

Bochtis, Dionysis D.; Sørensen, Claus G.; Green, Ole; Bartzanas, Thomas

2011-01-01

143

Quartz resonator processing system  

DOEpatents

Disclosed is a single chamber ultra-high vacuum processing system for the oduction of hermetically sealed quartz resonators wherein electrode metallization and sealing are carried out along with cleaning and bake-out without any air exposure between the processing steps. The system includes a common vacuum chamber in which is located a rotatable wheel-like member which is adapted to move a plurality of individual component sets of a flat pack resonator unit past discretely located processing stations in said chamber whereupon electrode deposition takes place followed by the placement of ceramic covers over a frame containing a resonator element and then to a sealing stage where a pair of hydraulic rams including heating elements effect a metallized bonding of the covers to the frame.

Peters, Roswell D. M. (Rustburg, VA)

1983-01-01

144

Optical relay design for an IR imaging diagnostic system in TJ-II fusion device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The surroundings of a nuclear fusion reactor experiments the presence of magnetic fields, which affects the performance of any diagnostic optical system located nearby. It is therefore necessary to determine with precision the optimum location for the diagnostic and to design magnetically robust optical imaging systems. The purpose of the present optical diagnostic is to measure the temperature dispersion in the vicinity of the NBI (neutral beam injectors) that heat the confined plasma inside the fusion device. The measure is made by processing the information contained in the images of the objects inside the chamber in the 7 to 16 um far infrared wavelength range, through a F2Ba vacuum viewport window. Our main concern is to design the optical relay from this viewport to the IR sensor, a FPA uncooled microbolometer 320x240px, for different axial distances, with a field of view of 24°x18° and 1.3 mrad of IFOV spatial resolution. The proposed optical relay system includes the use of a reflexive relay (aspheric concave mirrors) and a refractive and imaging camera. The system has being corrected for primary aberrations and optimized to allow a future second optical system working in visible range after the mirrors, by including a dichroic beamsplitter.

Ruiz de Galarreta, Carlota; Manzanares Ituarte, Ana; de la Cal Heusch, Eduardo; Liniers, Macarena; Wolfers, Gilles

2012-12-01

145

Pulsed-ultraviolet laser Raman diagnostics of plasma processing discharges  

SciTech Connect

Spontaneous Raman spectroscopy with pulsed-ultraviolet laser excitation of the Stokes vibrational Raman lines was used to measure the percent dissociation of nitrogen and sulfur hexafluoride in low-pressure radio refrequency discharges of the type used for processing semiconductor materials. Measurements of the percent dissociation of sulfur hexafluoride, at pressures between 200 and 600 mTorr, show a strong pressure dependence which is consistent with recombination playing an important role in sulfur hexafluoride discharge kinetics.

Hargis P.J. Jr.; Greenberg, K.E.

1988-11-07

146

Application Of The CSRL Language To The Design Of Diagnostic Expert Systems: The Moodis Experience, A Preliminary Report  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Computer technology is rapidly becoming an inseparable part of many health science specialties. Recently, a new area of computer technology, namely Artificial Intelligence, has been applied toward assisting the medical experts in their diagnostic and therapeutic decision making process. MOODIS is an experimental diagnostic expert system which assists Psychiatry specialists in diagnosing human Mood Disorders, better known as Affective Disorders. Its diagnostic methodology is patterned after MDX, a diagnostic expert system developed at LAIR (Laboratory for Artificial Intelligence Research) of Ohio State University. MOODIS is implemented in CSRL (Conceptual Structures Representation Language) also developed at LAIR. This paper describes MOODIS in terms of conceptualization and requirements, and discusses why the MDX approach and CSRL were chosen.

Bravos, Angelo; Hill, Howard; Choca, James; Bresolin, Linda B.; Bresolin, Michael J.

1986-03-01

147

Computer-Aided Diagnostic System For Mass Survey Chest Images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to support screening of chest radiographs on mass survey, a computer-aided diagnostic system that automatically detects abnormality of candidate images using a digital image analysis technique has been developed. Extracting boundary lines of lung fields and examining their shapes allowed various kind of abnormalities to be detected. Correction and expansion were facilitated by describing the system control, image analysis control and judgement of abnormality in the rule type programing language. In the experiments using typical samples of student's radiograms, good results were obtained for the detection of abnormal shape of lung field, cardiac hypertrophy and scoliosis. As for the detection of diaphragmatic abnormality, relatively good results were obtained but further improvements will be necessary.

Yasuda, Yoshizumi; Kinoshita, Yasuhiro; Emori, Yasufumi; Yoshimura, Hitoshi

1988-06-01

148

Materials issues in diagnostic systems for BPX and ITER  

SciTech Connect

Diagnostic systems in advanced D-T-burning fusion devices will be subjected to intense fluxes and fluences of high-energy neutrons and gamma rays. Materials used in these systems may suffer significant degradation of structural, optical, and electrical properties, either promptly upon irradiation or after accumulation of structural damage. Of particular concern are windows, optical fibers, reflectors, and insulators. Many materials currently specified for these components are known to degrade under anticipated operating conditions. However, careful materials selection and modification based on an appropriate irradiation testing program, when combined with optimization of design-sensitive factors such as location, shielding, and ease of replacement, should help to alleviate these materials problems. 30 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

Clinard, F.W. Jr.; Farnum, E.H. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States)); Griscom, D.L. (Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States)); Mattas, R.F. (Argonne National Lab., IL (United States)); Medley, S.S.; Young, K. M. (Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Plasma Physics Lab.); Wiffen, F.W. (USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)); Wojtowicz, S.S. (General Atomics, San Diego, CA (Unit

1991-01-01

149

Intelligent, Self-Diagnostic Thermal Protection System for Future Spacecraft  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of this project is to provide self-diagnostic capabilities to the thermal protection systems (TPS) of future spacecraft. Self-diagnosis is especially important in thermal protection systems (TPS), where large numbers of parts must survive extreme conditions after weeks or years in space. In-service inspections of these systems are difficult or impossible, yet their reliability must be ensured before atmospheric entry. In fact, TPS represents the greatest risk factor after propulsion for any transatmospheric mission. The concepts and much of the technology would be applicable not only to the Crew Exploration Vehicle (CEV), but also to ablative thermal protection for aerocapture and planetary exploration. Monitoring a thermal protection system on a Shuttle-sized vehicle is a daunting task: there are more than 26,000 components whose integrity must be verified with very low rates of both missed faults and false positives. The large number of monitored components precludes conventional approaches based on centralized data collection over separate wires; a distributed approach is necessary to limit the power, mass, and volume of the health monitoring system. Distributed intelligence with self-diagnosis further improves capability, scalability, robustness, and reliability of the monitoring subsystem. A distributed system of intelligent sensors can provide an assurance of the integrity of the system, diagnosis of faults, and condition-based maintenance, all with provable bounds on errors.

Hyers, Robert W.; SanSoucie, Michael P.; Pepyne, David; Hanlon, Alaina B.; Deshmukh, Abhijit

2005-01-01

150

Refractory grain processing in circumstellar shells Diagnostic infrared signatures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Recent advances in infrared speckle interferometry reported by Ridgway, et al. (1986) have made possible the determination of the temperatures at the inner radius of certain dusty outflows. When combined with recent data on the thermal annealing and hydrous alteration rates of amorphous magnesium silicate grains, this information allows one to predict that grains heated to high temperatures around stars such as NML Cygnus will be more crystalline than will cooler grains around stars like IRC +10420. In 1985, Jura and Morris (1985) showed that water vapor can condense on previously nucleated refractory grains in some stellar outflows. Stochastic heating events might provide sufficient energy to produce hydrated silicates from orginally amorphous grains provided that the loss of water from such materials does not occur too rapidly. Observable consequences of both types of grain processing are discussed.

Nuth, Joseph A., III; Donn, Bertram; Nelson, Robert

1986-01-01

151

Developing a genomic-based point-of-care diagnostic system for rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis.  

PubMed

In this paper the methodology of designing a genomic-based point-of-care diagnostic system composed of a microfluidic Lab-On-Chip, algorithms for microarray image information extraction and knowledge modeling of clinico-genomic patient data is presented. The data are processed by genome wide association studies for two complex diseases: rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. Respecting current technological limitations of autonomous molecular-based Lab-On-Chip systems the approach proposed in this work aims to enhance the diagnostic accuracy of the miniaturized LOC system. By providing a decision support system based on the data mining technologies, a robust portable integrated point-of-care diagnostic assay will be implemented. Initially, the gene discovery process is described followed by the detection of the most informative SNPs associated with the diseases. The clinical data and the selected associated SNPs are modeled using data mining techniques to allow the knowledge modeling framework to provide the diagnosis for new patients performing the point-of-care examination. The microfluidic LOC device supplies the diagnostic component of the platform with a set of SNPs associated with the diseases and the ruled-based decision support system combines this genomic information with the clinical data of the patient to outcome the final diagnostic result. PMID:19964246

Kalatzis, Fanis G; Giannakeas, Nikolaos; Exarchos, Themis P; Lorenzelli, Leandro; Adami, Andrea; Decarli, Massimiliano; Lupoli, Sara; Macciardi, Fabio; Markoula, Sofia; Georgiou, Ioannis; Fotiadis, Dimitrios I

2009-01-01

152

XPERT DESIGN AND DIAGNOSTICS' (XDD) IN-SITU CHEMICAL OXIDATION PROCESS USING POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE (KMNO4)  

EPA Science Inventory

Xpert Design and Diagnostic's (XDD)potassium permanganate in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) process was evaluated under the EPA Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE) Program at the former MEC Building site located in Hudson, New Hampshire. At this site, both soil and ...

153

An integrated process for system maintenance, fault diagnosis and support  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an overview of an integrated process for system maintenance, fault diagnosis and support. The solution is based on Qualtech Systems, Inc.'s (QSI's) TEAMS toolset for integrated diagnostics and involves several key innovations. As a showcase of the integrated solution, QSI, along with Antech Systems and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), have recently completed a research project for the

S. Ghoshal; R. Shrestha; A. Ghoshal; V. Malepati; S. Deb; K. Patripati; D. Kleinman

1999-01-01

154

UAS-Systems Integration, Validation, and Diagnostics Simulation Capability  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of the Phase 1 efforts of NASA's UAS-in-the-NAS Project a task was initiated to explore the merits of developing a system simulation capability for UAS to address airworthiness certification requirements. The core of the capability would be a software representation of an unmanned vehicle, including all of the relevant avionics and flight control system components. The specific system elements could be replaced with hardware representations to provide Hardware-in-the-Loop (HWITL) test and evaluation capability. The UAS Systems Integration and Validation Laboratory (UAS-SIVL) was created to provide a UAS-systems integration, validation, and diagnostics hardware-in-the-loop simulation capability. This paper discusses how SIVL provides a robust and flexible simulation framework that permits the study of failure modes, effects, propagation paths, criticality, and mitigation strategies to help develop safety, reliability, and design data that can assist with the development of certification standards, means of compliance, and design best practices for civil UAS.

Buttrill, Catherine W.; Verstynen, Harry A.

2014-01-01

155

Clementine Sensor Processing System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The design of the DSPSE Satellite Controller (DSC) is baselined as a single-string satellite controller. The DSC performs two main functions: health and maintenance of the spacecraft; and image capture, storage, and playback. The DSC contains two processors: a radiation-hardened Mil-Std-1750, and a commercial R3000. The Mil-Std-1750 processor performs all housekeeping operations, while the R3000 is mainly used to perform the image processing functions associated with the navigation functions, as well as performing various experiments. The DSC also contains a data handling unit (DHU) used to interface to various spacecraft imaging sensors and to capture, compress, and store selected images onto the solid-state data recorder. The development of the DSC evolved from several key requirements; the DSPSE satellite was to do the following: (1) have a radiation-hardened spacecraft control system and be immune to single-event upsets (SEU's); (2) use an R3000-based processor to run the star tracker software that was developed by SDIO (due to schedule and cost constraints, there was no time to port the software to a radiation-hardened processor); and (3) fly a commercial processor to verify its suitability for use in a space environment. In order to enhance the DSC reliability, the system was designed with multiple processing paths. These multiple processing paths provide for greater tolerance to various component failures. The DSC was designed so that all housekeeping processing functions are performed by either the Mil-Std-1750 processor or the R3000 processor. The image capture and storage is performed either by the DHU or the R3000 processor.

Feldstein, A. A.

1993-01-01

156

Mission Evaluation Room Intelligent Diagnostic and Analysis System (MIDAS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The role of Mission Evaluation Room (MER) engineers is to provide engineering support during Space Shuttle missions, for Space Shuttle systems. These engineers are concerned with ensuring that the systems for which they are responsible function reliably, and as intended. The MER is a central facility from which engineers may work, in fulfilling this obligation. Engineers participate in real-time monitoring of shuttle telemetry data and provide a variety of analyses associated with the operation of the shuttle. The Johnson Space Center's Automation and Robotics Division is working to transfer advances in intelligent systems technology to NASA's operational environment. Specifically, the MER Intelligent Diagnostic and Analysis System (MIDAS) project provides MER engineers with software to assist them with monitoring, filtering and analyzing Shuttle telemetry data, during and after Shuttle missions. MIDAS off-loads to computers and software, the tasks of data gathering, filtering, and analysis, and provides the engineers with information which is in a more concise and usable form needed to support decision making and engineering evaluation. Engineers are then able to concentrate on more difficult problems as they arise. This paper describes some, but not all of the applications that have been developed for MER engineers, under the MIDAS Project. The sampling described herewith was selected to show the range of tasks that engineers must perform for mission support, and to show the various levels of automation that have been applied to assist their efforts.

Pack, Ginger L.; Falgout, Jane; Barcio, Joseph; Shnurer, Steve; Wadsworth, David; Flores, Louis

1994-01-01

157

Radiation signal processing system  

SciTech Connect

An improved signal processing system for radiation imaging apparatus comprises: a radiation transducer producing transducer signals proportional to apparent spatial coordinates of detected radiation events; means for storing true spatial coordinates corresponding to a plurality of predetermined apparent spatial coordinates relative to selected detected radiation events said means for storing responsive to said transducer signal and producing an output signal representative of said true spatial coordinates; and means for interpolating the true spatial coordinates of the detected radiation events located intermediate the stored true spatial coordinates, said means for interpolating communicating with said means for storing.

Bennett, M.; Knoll, G.; Strange, D.

1980-07-08

158

Feedback control and beam diagnostic algorithms for a multiprocessor DSP system  

SciTech Connect

The multibunch longitudinal feedback system developed for use by PEP-II, ALS and DA{Phi}NE uses a parallel array of digital signal processors to calculate the feedback signals from measurements of beam motion. The system is designed with general-purpose programmable elements which allow many feedback operating modes as well as system diagnostics, calibrations and accelerator measurements. The overall signal processing architecture of the system is illustrated. The real-time DSP algorithms and off-line postprocessing tools are presented. The problems in managing 320 K samples of data collected in one beam transient measurement are discussed and the solutions are presented. Example software structures are presented showing the beam feedback process, techniques for modal analysis of beam motion(used to quantify growth and damping rates of instabilities) and diagnostic functions (such as timing adjustment of beam pick-up and kicker components). These operating techniques are illustrated with example results obtained from the system installed at the Advanced Light Source at LBL.

Teytelman, D.; Claus, R.; Fox, J.; Hindi, H.; Linscott, I.; Prabhakar, S. [Stanford Univ., CA (United States). Stanford Linear Accelerator Center; Drago, A. [INFN, Roma (Italy). Lab. Nazionali di Frascati; Stover, G. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1996-09-01

159

Expert System for Diagnostics and Status Monitoring of NPP Water Chemistry Condition  

SciTech Connect

Water chemistry condition (WCC) has been the subject of constant study and improvement up to the present day. It is connected with the presence of a direct relationship between the violation of water chemistry regulation on the one hand and components reliability of the circuit's equipment and cost-effectiveness of their operation on the other. It dictates the necessity to apply different optimization methods in the field of monitoring and use of information - analytical and diagnostic systems to assess WCC quality, control and support. By now NPP experts have broad experience in revealing and removing the causes of WCC disturbances. However this knowledge is often of an intuitive, non-classified nature, scattered among various working documents, which makes their transfer difficult. Based on what has been mentioned above, special attention is currently being paid to the problem of creating expert diagnostic systems for supporting the optimum WCC. The existing developments in this field (DIWA, Smart chem Works, the water quality control system at the Onagava NPP etc. [1,3,4,5] are based on wide use of experts' knowledge. Such expert diagnostic systems for supporting WCC refer to the new generation of intellectual control methods, which allow the incorporation of the latest achievements both in the field of water chemistry simulation and in the field of artificial intelligence and computer technologies. LI 'VNIPIET' employees have, for several years, been developing an expert diagnostic system for supporting WCC and status monitoring of RBMK - reactor NPPs [2]. This system has not only conveniently organized the traditional functions of information acquisition and storage, a complete presentation of information in the form of tables, graphs of a dynamical changes of parameters and formation regular reports, diagnostic functions and issuing recommendations on WCC correction, but it also allows the assessment of confidence in the diagnosis made, relying on a wide range of numerical estimates, which were calculated by the use of expert data, and to make a credible prediction of an existing situation development. The integrated use of analytical methods and artificial intelligence methods is one of the system's advantages. This combination allows the successful implementation of one of the main purposes of the system: the early detection of deviations from specified process conditions and the taking into account of even minor changes in parameters to provide an advanced WCC control and to prevent non-regular situations. (authors)

Shvedova, M.N.; Kritski, V.G.; Zakharova, S.V.; Nikolaev, F.V.; Benediktov, V.B. [All Russian Scientific Research and Design Institute of Complex Power Technology, 82 ulitsa Savushkina, St. Petersburg 197228 (Russian Federation)

2002-07-01

160

Modeling and Measurement Constraints in Fault Diagnostics for HVAC Systems Massieh Najafi1  

E-print Network

Modeling and Measurement Constraints in Fault Diagnostics for HVAC Systems Massieh Najafi1 , David faults, and optimizing building control systems. However, in spite of good progress in developing tools for determining HVAC diagnostics, methods to detect faults in HVAC systems are still generally undeveloped. Most

161

21 CFR 1020.30 - Diagnostic x-ray systems and their major components.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED... Diagnostic x-ray systems and their major components... Diagnostic x-ray system means an x-ray system designed for irradiation of any part of the human body for the purpose of...

2011-04-01

162

[Influence of computer tomography diagnostics on the treatment in state health care system].  

PubMed

The presented paper is a continuation of the widely debated topic on the role of radiation technologies, including computed tomography (CT), in municipal medicine, which has been earlier raised on the pages of the Vestnik. The main objective of the paper is that by using the results obtained from the use of CT in a near-Moscow health care facility that is typical of Russia's municipal health care service, the author attempted to provide evidence that it is necessary to extensively introduce this technique into the most mass link of Russian public health care--municipal medicine. As an evidence basis, the author analyzed changes occurring in the organization of a therapeutic-and-diagnostic process the municipal health care facility from a great variety of organ and system pathology that is particularly important from the practical point of view. The data obtained before and after introduction of CT into the municipal diagnostic algorithms on specific, the most critical clinical situations are compared. Moreover, objective analytical data are confirmed by a battery of brilliant diagnostic images. The author elucidates the readiness of municipal clinicians for virtually complete use of CT data for their purposes. By using several nosological entities, he shows the CT-induced transfer of some therapeutic procedures from the regional to municipal area of practice. In addition, arguments are advanced in favor of the thesis that some therapeutic technologies now in use are not up to world standards and municipal health care cannot be in compliance with civilized standards without its effective diagnostic support. Prominent in the paper is the description of changes in the continuity of diagnostic medicine at the municipal and regional levels after inclusion CT into the day-to-day activities of a municipal facility. It is concluded that the population needs for CT: one 24-slice unit per 50,000 dwellers of an area under service of a municipal facility. PMID:16898088

Krushinski?, A G

2005-01-01

163

Proposal for halo current diagnostic system for JET  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

One of the critical issues for the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor is a deep understanding of the origin, distribution, and scaling of halo currents flowing through plasma and vacuum vessel during vertical displacement events. The Joint European Torus (JET) can play a key role in this study, provided that new and more detailed information becomes available. This fact motivated the design of a set of sensors specifically aimed at improving the diagnostic capability of halo currents at JET. This new system is described in the article. It consists mostly of Rogowski coils and of a small number of toroidal field pickup coils. The former will measure directly the current flowing through the tiles of the first wall. The latter will allow the estimation of the total poloidal halo. The system is a compromise between the maximization of the spatial resolution in both toroidal and poloidal direction and the JET capability of adding new in-vessel probes, compatibly with existing feedthroughs needed to bring the signals outside the vessel. The main issues of the system are briefly reported, then the modifications of the in-vessel components, necessary to house the probes, are described together with the technological solutions adopted to improve the measurement quality. Finally, results of the electromechanical analyses performed to assess the reliability of the modified tiles are presented, too.

Pomaro, N.; Bolzonella, T.; Fiorentin, P.; Grando, L.; Peruzzo, S.; Riccardo, V.; Sonato, P.

2003-03-01

164

System diagnostics using qualitative analysis and component functional classification  

DOEpatents

A method for detecting and identifying faulty component candidates during off-normal operations of nuclear power plants involves the qualitative analysis of macroscopic imbalances in the conservation equations of mass, energy and momentum in thermal-hydraulic control volumes associated with one or more plant components and the functional classification of components. The qualitative analysis of mass and energy is performed through the associated equations of state, while imbalances in momentum are obtained by tracking mass flow rates which are incorporated into a first knowledge base. The plant components are functionally classified, according to their type, as sources or sinks of mass, energy and momentum, depending upon which of the three balance equations is most strongly affected by a faulty component which is incorporated into a second knowledge base. Information describing the connections among the components of the system forms a third knowledge base. The method is particularly adapted for use in a diagnostic expert system to detect and identify faulty component candidates in the presence of component failures and is not limited to use in a nuclear power plant, but may be used with virtually any type of thermal-hydraulic operating system.

Reifman, Jaques (Lisle, IL); Wei, Thomas Y. C. (Downers Grove, IL)

1993-01-01

165

Establishment of a Molecular Diagnostic System for Spinal Muscular Atrophy  

PubMed Central

Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common autosomal recessive neuromuscular disorder characterized by degeneration of the anterior horn of the spinal cord. The disease gene survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) is homozygously absent in approximately 95% of patients, and approximately 5% of patients are believed to have subtle mutations. Although methods for molecular diagnosis of SMA have been reported singly, no diagnostic methodological system to tackle different SMA cases has been reported. Thirty-two families affected by SMA enrolled into this study. Our system comprised PCR–restriction fragment length polymorphism and allele-specific PCR for homozygous deletion analysis of SMN1, multiplex ligation–dependent probe amplification analysis for the determination of the copy number of SMN1, and SMN1 subtle mutation analysis at both the transcript and genomic levels. In 23 families, 21 patients had a homozygous deletion of SMN1. The remaining two patients without a deletion had a single SMN1 copy containing the subtle mutations S230L and L228X, respectively. In nine families in whom samples from the index patients were unavailable, parents from eight families showed one SMN1 copy, and one parent in the remaining family showed two SMN1 copies, one being normal and the other carrying the subtle mutation 22_23insA. To our knowledge, our methodological system for the molecular diagnosis of SMA offers the most complete evaluation of family members affected by SMA at this time. PMID:21227393

Zeng, Jian; Lin, Yanhong; Yan, Aizhen; Ke, Longfeng; Zhu, Zhongyong; Lan, Fenghua

2011-01-01

166

SEALED COMBUSTION SYSTEM WITH DIAGNOSTIC SELF-TUNING.  

SciTech Connect

This task grew out of a proposal to develop a ''concept'' oil-fired heating system that would incorporate advanced technologies available and suitable for a residential system. Discussions among the program and project personnel resulted in the identification of a sealed combustion system as of programmatic interest and the objective was to develop an approach to a sealed system with diagnostic self-tuning. The major conclusion with regard to the specific objective for this task is that a measurement of the static pressure in the input pipe can be used to provide a measure of the excess air for a limit control. Its implementation would require a suitable pressure sensor, and a circuit to combine its output signal, at the appropriate time in the operating cycle, to the burner control. The sensor and control combination will also have to be tested successfully under all conceivable contingencies that can cause the airflow to decrease. It could also be implemented, possibly even more reliably, if a mass flow sensor, such as is used in automobile engines and hence may be cheap, could be used. The pressure measurements reported here, both steady and transient, represent only the subset of a much larger set that gave a useful answer to meet the objective. These measurements suggest that they can provide useful insights into both the combustion and gas flow performance of the system. Of course, this could be extended to other types of heating systems, such as those with natural draft, those with different burners, burners with different atomization schemes (air atomization etc.), blue flame burners etc.

KRISHNA,C.R.

2004-09-30

167

Process to generate a synthetic diagnostic for microwave imaging reflectometry with the full-wave code FWR2D.  

PubMed

A synthetic microwave imaging reflectometer (MIR) diagnostic employing the full-wave reflectometer code (FWR2D) has been developed and is currently being used to guide the design of real systems, such as the one recently installed on DIII-D. The FWR2D code utilizes real plasma profiles as input, and it is combined with optical simulation tools for synthetic diagnostic signal generation. A detailed discussion of FWR2D and the process to generate the synthetic signal are presented in this paper. The synthetic signal is also compared to a prescribed density fluctuation spectrum to quantify the imaging quality. An example is presented with H-mode-like plasma profiles derived from a DIII-D discharge, where the MIR focal is located in the pedestal region. It is shown that MIR is suitable for diagnosing fluctuations with poloidal wavenumber up to 2.0 cm(-1) and fluctuation amplitudes less than 5%. PMID:25430276

Ren, X; Domier, C W; Kramer, G; Luhmann, N C; Muscatello, C M; Shi, L; Tobias, B J; Valeo, E

2014-11-01

168

Process to generate a synthetic diagnostic for microwave imaging reflectometry with the full-wave code FWR2Da)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A synthetic microwave imaging reflectometer (MIR) diagnostic employing the full-wave reflectometer code (FWR2D) has been developed and is currently being used to guide the design of real systems, such as the one recently installed on DIII-D. The FWR2D code utilizes real plasma profiles as input, and it is combined with optical simulation tools for synthetic diagnostic signal generation. A detailed discussion of FWR2D and the process to generate the synthetic signal are presented in this paper. The synthetic signal is also compared to a prescribed density fluctuation spectrum to quantify the imaging quality. An example is presented with H-mode-like plasma profiles derived from a DIII-D discharge, where the MIR focal is located in the pedestal region. It is shown that MIR is suitable for diagnosing fluctuations with poloidal wavenumber up to 2.0 cm-1 and fluctuation amplitudes less than 5%.

Ren, X.; Domier, C. W.; Kramer, G.; Luhmann, N. C.; Muscatello, C. M.; Shi, L.; Tobias, B. J.; Valeo, E.

2014-11-01

169

TROUBLE 3: A fault diagnostic expert system for Space Station Freedom's power system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Designing Space Station Freedom has given NASA many opportunities to develop expert systems that automate onboard operations of space based systems. One such development, TROUBLE 3, an expert system that was designed to automate the fault diagnostics of Space Station Freedom's electric power system is described. TROUBLE 3's design is complicated by the fact that Space Station Freedom's power system is evolving and changing. TROUBLE 3 has to be made flexible enough to handle changes with minimal changes to the program. Three types of expert systems were studied: rule-based, set-covering, and model-based. A set-covering approach was selected for TROUBLE 3 because if offered the needed flexibility that was missing from the other approaches. With this flexibility, TROUBLE 3 is not limited to Space Station Freedom applications, it can easily be adapted to handle any diagnostic system.

Manner, David B.

1990-01-01

170

Mars Aqueous Processing System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Mars Aqueous Processing System (MAPS) is to establish a flexible process that generates multiple products that are useful for human habitation. Selectively extracting useful components into an aqueous solution, and then sequentially recovering individual constituents, can obtain a suite of refined or semi-refined products. Similarities in the bulk composition (although not necessarily of the mineralogy) of Martian and Lunar soils potentially make MAPS widely applicable. Similar process steps can be conducted on both Mars and Lunar soils while tailoring the reaction extents and recoveries to the specifics of each location. The MAPS closed-loop process selectively extracts, and then recovers, constituents from soils using acids and bases. The emphasis on Mars involves the production of useful materials such as iron, silica, alumina, magnesia, and concrete with recovery of oxygen as a byproduct. On the Moon, similar chemistry is applied with emphasis on oxygen production. This innovation has been demonstrated to produce high-grade materials, such as metallic iron, aluminum oxide, magnesium oxide, and calcium oxide, from lunar and Martian soil simulants. Most of the target products exhibited purities of 80 to 90 percent or more, allowing direct use for many potential applications. Up to one-fourth of the feed soil mass was converted to metal, metal oxide, and oxygen products. The soil residue contained elevated silica content, allowing for potential additional refining and extraction for recovery of materials needed for photovoltaic, semiconductor, and glass applications. A high-grade iron oxide concentrate derived from lunar soil simulant was used to produce a metallic iron component using a novel, combined hydrogen reduction/metal sintering technique. The part was subsequently machined and found to be structurally sound. The behavior of the lunar-simulant-derived iron product was very similar to that produced using the same methods on a Michigan iron ore concentrate, which demonstrates that lunar-derived material can be used in a manner similar to conventional terrestrial iron. Metallic iron was also produced from the Mars soil simulant. The aluminum and magnesium oxide products produced by MAPS from lunar and Mars soil simulants exhibited excellent thermal stability, and were shown to be capable of use for refractory oxide structural materials, or insulation at temperatures far in excess of what could be achieved using unrefined soils. These materials exhibited the refractory characteristics needed to support iron casting and forming operations, as well as other thermal processing needs. Extraction residue samples contained up to 79 percent silica. Such samples were successfully fused into a glass that exhibited high light transmittance.

Berggren, Mark; Wilson, Cherie; Carrera, Stacy; Rose, Heather; Muscatello, Anthony; Kilgore, James; Zubrin, Robert

2012-01-01

171

A contactless microwave-based diagnostic tool for high repetition rate laser systems  

SciTech Connect

We report on a novel electro-optic device for the diagnostics of high repetition rate laser systems. It is composed of a microwave receiver and of a second order nonlinear crystal, whose irradiation with a train of short laser pulses produces a time-dependent polarization in the crystal itself as a consequence of optical rectification. This process gives rise to the emission of microwave radiation that is detected by a receiver and is analyzed to infer the repetition rate and intensity of the pulses. We believe that this new method may overcome some of the limitations of photodetection techniques.

Braggio, C., E-mail: caterina.braggio@unipd.it [Dip. di Fisica e Astronomia and INFN sez. di Padova, Via F. Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy); Borghesani, A. F. [CNISM unit, Dip. di Fisica e Astronomia and INFN sez. di Padova, Via F. Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy)] [CNISM unit, Dip. di Fisica e Astronomia and INFN sez. di Padova, Via F. Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova (Italy)

2014-02-15

172

A contactless microwave-based diagnostic tool for high repetition rate laser systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on a novel electro-optic device for the diagnostics of high repetition rate laser systems. It is composed of a microwave receiver and of a second order nonlinear crystal, whose irradiation with a train of short laser pulses produces a time-dependent polarization in the crystal itself as a consequence of optical rectification. This process gives rise to the emission of microwave radiation that is detected by a receiver and is analyzed to infer the repetition rate and intensity of the pulses. We believe that this new method may overcome some of the limitations of photodetection techniques.

Braggio, C.; Borghesani, A. F.

2014-02-01

173

Advanced imaging systems for diagnostic investigations applied to Cultural Heritage  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The diagnostic investigations are an important resource in the studies on Cultural Heritage to enhance the knowledge on execution techniques, materials and conservation status of a work of art. In this field, due to the great historical and artistic value of the objects, preservation is the main concern; for this reason, new technological equipment has been designed and developed in the Physics Departments of the Universities of Ferrara and Bologna to enhance the non-invasive approach to the study of pictorial artworks and other objects of cultural interest. Infrared (IR) reflectography, X-ray radiography and computed tomography (CT), applied to works of art, are joined by the same goal: to get hidden information on execution techniques and inner structure pursuing the non-invasiveness of the methods, although using different setup and physical principles. In this work transportable imaging systems to investigate large objects in museums and galleries are presented. In particular, 2D scanning devices for IR reflectography and X-ray radiography, CT systems and some applications to the Cultural Heritage are described.

Peccenini, E.; Albertin, F.; Bettuzzi, M.; Brancaccio, R.; Casali, F.; Morigi, M. P.; Petrucci, F.

2014-12-01

174

Development of life prediction capabilities for liquid propellant rocket engines. Post-fire diagnostic system for the SSME system architecture study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This system architecture task (1) analyzed the current process used to make an assessment of engine and component health after each test or flight firing of an SSME, (2) developed an approach and a specific set of objectives and requirements for automated diagnostics during post fire health assessment, and (3) listed and described the software applications required to implement this system. The diagnostic system described is a distributed system with a database management system to store diagnostic information and test data, a CAE package for visual data analysis and preparation of plots of hot-fire data, a set of procedural applications for routine anomaly detection, and an expert system for the advanced anomaly detection and evaluation.

Gage, Mark; Dehoff, Ronald

1991-01-01

175

Construction of Bayesian networks for diagnostics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bayesian networks have been proposed by many authors as the modeling technique of choice for the development of diagnostic systems. This paper describes a procedure for efficient creation of Bayesian networks for diagnostics. We have applied this procedure in diagnostic systems for diesel locomotives, satellite communication systems, and satellite testing equipment. We divide the process into several phases: problem decomposition,

K. Wojtek Przytula; Don Thompson

2000-01-01

176

Hybrid digital signal processing and neural networks for automated diagnostics using NDE methods  

SciTech Connect

The primary purpose of the current research was to develop an integrated approach by combining information compression methods and artificial neural networks for the monitoring of plant components using nondestructive examination data. Specifically, data from eddy current inspection of heat exchanger tubing were utilized to evaluate this technology. The focus of the research was to develop and test various data compression methods (for eddy current data) and the performance of different neural network paradigms for defect classification and defect parameter estimation. Feedforward, fully-connected neural networks, that use the back-propagation algorithm for network training, were implemented for defect classification and defect parameter estimation using a modular network architecture. A large eddy current tube inspection database was acquired from the Metals and Ceramics Division of ORNL. These data were used to study the performance of artificial neural networks for defect type classification and for estimating defect parameters. A PC-based data preprocessing and display program was also developed as part of an expert system for data management and decision making. The results of the analysis showed that for effective (low-error) defect classification and estimation of parameters, it is necessary to identify proper feature vectors using different data representation methods. The integration of data compression and artificial neural networks for information processing was established as an effective technique for automation of diagnostics using nondestructive examination methods.

Upadhyaya, B.R.; Yan, W. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering

1993-11-01

177

On-board fault diagnostics for fly-by-light flight control systems using neural network flight processors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fly-by-Light control systems offer higher performance for fighter and transport aircraft, with efficient fiber optic data transmission, electric control surface actuation, and multi-channel high capacity centralized processing combining to provide maximum aircraft flight control system handling qualities and safety. The key to efficient support for these vehicles is timely and accurate fault diagnostics of all control system components. These diagnostic tests are best conducted during flight when all facts relating to the failure are present. The resulting data can be used by the ground crew for efficient repair and turnaround of the aircraft, saving time and money in support costs. These difficult to diagnose (Cannot Duplicate) fault indications average 40 - 50% of maintenance activities on today's fighter and transport aircraft, adding significantly to fleet support cost. Fiber optic data transmission can support a wealth of data for fault monitoring; the most efficient method of fault diagnostics is accurate modeling of the component response under normal and failed conditions for use in comparison with the actual component flight data. Neural Network hardware processors offer an efficient and cost-effective method to install fault diagnostics in flight systems, permitting on-board diagnostic modeling of very complex subsystems. Task 2C of the ARPA FLASH program is a design demonstration of this diagnostics approach, using the very high speed computation of the Adaptive Solutions Neural Network processor to monitor an advanced Electrohydrostatic control surface actuator linked through a AS-1773A fiber optic bus. This paper describes the design approach and projected performance of this on-line diagnostics system.

Urnes, James M., Sr.; Cushing, John; Bond, William E.; Nunes, Steve

1996-10-01

178

Electron beam diagnostic system using computed tomography and an annular sensor  

SciTech Connect

A system for analyzing an electron beam including a circular electron beam diagnostic sensor adapted to receive the electron beam, the circular electron beam diagnostic sensor having a central axis; an annular sensor structure operatively connected to the circular electron beam diagnostic sensor, wherein the sensor structure receives the electron beam; a system for sweeping the electron beam radially outward from the central axis of the circular electron beam diagnostic sensor to the annular sensor structure wherein the electron beam is intercepted by the annular sensor structure; and a device for measuring the electron beam that is intercepted by the annular sensor structure.

Elmer, John W.; Teruya, Alan T.

2014-07-29

179

System Diagnostic Builder - A rule generation tool for expert systems that do intelligent data evaluation. [applied to Shuttle Mission Simulator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Consideration is given to the System Diagnostic Builder (SDB), an automated knowledge acquisition tool using state-of-the-art AI technologies. The SDB employs an inductive machine learning technique to generate rules from data sets that are classified by a subject matter expert. Thus, data are captured from the subject system, classified, and used to drive the rule generation process. These rule bases are used to represent the observable behavior of the subject system, and to represent knowledge about this system. The knowledge bases captured from the Shuttle Mission Simulator can be used as black box simulations by the Intelligent Computer Aided Training devices. The SDB can also be used to construct knowledge bases for the process control industry, such as chemical production or oil and gas production.

Nieten, Joseph; Burke, Roger

1993-01-01

180

Theoretical studies of nonadiabatic and spin-forbidden processes: Investigations of the reactions and spectroscopy of radical species relevant to combustion reactions and diagnostics  

SciTech Connect

This research program focusses on studies of spin-forbidden and electronically nonadiabatic processes involving radical species relevant to combustion reactions and combustion diagnostics. To study the electronic structure aspects of these processes a unique and powerful system of electronic structure programs, developed over the past nine years, the BROOKLYN codes, is employed. These programs enable the authors to address questions basic to the understanding of elementary combustion processes not tractable using more standard quantum chemistry codes.

Yarkony, D.R. [Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD (United States)

1993-12-01

181

SSME HPOTP post-test diagnostic system enhancement project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An assessment of engine and component health is routinely made after each test or flight firing of a space shuttle main engine (SSME). Currently, this health assessment is done by teams of engineers who manually review sensor data, performance data, and engine and component operating histories. Based on review of information from these various sources, an evaluation is made as to the health of each component of the SSME and the preparedness of the engine for another test or flight. The objective of this project is to further develop a computer program which automates the analysis of test data from the SSME high-pressure oxidizer turbopump (HPOTP) in order to detect and diagnose anomalies. This program fits into a larger system, the SSME Post-Test Diagnostic System (PTDS), which will eventually be extended to assess the health and status of most SSME components on the basis of test data analysis. The HPOTP module is an expert system, which uses 'rules-of-thumb' obtained from interviews with experts from NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) to detect and diagnose anomalies. Analyses of the raw test data are first performed using pattern recognition techniques which result in features such as spikes, shifts, peaks, and drifts being detected and written to a database. The HPOTP module then looks for combination of these features which are indicative of known anomalies, using the rules gathered from the turbomachinery experts. Results of this analysis are then displayed via a graphical user interface which provides ranked lists of anomalies and observations by engine component, along with supporting data plots for each.

Bickmore, Timothy W.

1995-01-01

182

Pulsed UV laser-surface interaction and application of pulsed lasers in process diagnostics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This dissertation describes studies on the interaction of 193 nm laser pulses with various materials. These pulses are used to ablate photo-resists, high T$\\\\sb{\\\\rm c}$ superconductors, graphite, and several films of inorganic metal oxides that have been used to make superconducting materials. Also described are several applications of pulsed UV lasers in chemical process diagnostics.^ In the case of polymer

Subhash Madhukar Deshmukh

1989-01-01

183

Real-time optical diagnostics for the basic oxygen steelmaking process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with the development of real-time optical diagnostic techniques for process control in basic oxygen steelmaking. Results are presented of pilot-scale feasibility experiments conducted in the two-ton basic oxygen furnace (BOF) at Bethlehem Steel Corporation's Homer Research Laboratories. Two line-of-sight optical techniques are being evaluated for determining the concentration and temperature of infrared-active gases in the BOF off-gas.

D. K. Ottesen; R. H. Hurt; D. R. Hardesty

1993-01-01

184

Real-time optical diagnostics for the basic oxygen steelmaking process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with the development of real-time optical diagnostic techniques for process control in basic oxygen steelmaking. Results are presented of pilot-scale feasibility experiments conducted in the two-ton basic oxygen furnace (BOF) at Bethlehem Steel Corporation`s Homer Research Laboratories. Two line-of-sight optical techniques are being evaluated for determining the concentration and temperature of infrared-active gases in the BOF off-gas.

D. K. Ottesen; R. H. Hurt; D. R. Hardesty

1993-01-01

185

Improving Antarctic Total Ozone Projections by a Process-Oriented Multiple Diagnostic Ensemble Regression  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Accurate projections of stratospheric ozone are required, because ozone changes impact onexposures to ultraviolet radiation and on tropospheric climate. Unweighted multi-model ensemble mean (uMMM) projections from chemistry-climate models (CCMs) are commonly used to project ozone in the 21 th century, when ozone-depleting substances are expected to decline and greenhouse gases expected to rise. Here, we address the question whether Antarctic total column ozone projections in October given by the uMMM of CCM simulations can be improved by using a process-oriented multiple diagnostic ensemble regression (MDER) method. This method is based on the correlation between simulated future ozone and selected key processes relevant for stratospheric ozone under present-day conditions. The regression model is built using an algorithm that selects those process-oriented diagnostics which explain a significant fraction of the spread in the projected ozone among the CCMs. The regression model with observed diagnostics is then used to predict future ozone and associated uncertainty. The precision of our method is tested in a pseudo-reality, i.e. the prediction is validated against an independent CCM projection used to replace unavailable future observations. The test shows that MDER has a higher precision than uMMM, suggesting an improvement in the estimate of future Antarctic ozone. Our method projects that Antarctic total ozone will return to 1980 values around 2060 with the 95% confidence interval ranging from 2040 to 2080. This reduces the range of return dates across the ensemble of CCMs by more than a decade and suggests that the earliest simulated return dates are unlikely. Karpechko, Maraun and Eyring (2013) Improving Antarctic Total Ozone Projections by a Process-Oriented Multiple Diagnostic Ensemble Regression, J. Atmos. Sci. 70: 3959-3976

Karpechko, Aleyey; Maraun, Douglas; Eyring, Veronika

2014-05-01

186

The NSTX-U Thomson scattering diagnostic system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The NSTX-U upgrade consists primarily of two elements: (1) a new Center Stack (CS) of larger diameter, doubling of the toroidal field (<= 1T) and quintupling the flat-top duration; (2) a second Neutral Beam Injector (NBI) doubling the NBI heating and current drive power. These two hardware modifications necessitate rerouting the laser beam path of the Multi-Point Thomson Scattering (MPTS) diagnostic: (1) In order to avoid ablating the CS tile material, the laser beam path has been re-aimed to a larger tangency radius; (2) Since a straight unobstructed laser-beam escape route is precluded by the presence of the new NBI box, a multi-mirror arrangement is being designed. Since it is unpractical to relocate the mirror collection optics to a different machine port, the new laser beam path has been kept as close as possible to the original route. Ray-tracing calculations complemented with in-situ test of principle verification have shown that the original collection optics can reconfigured to image the new laser beam path with acceptable resolution. The NSTX-U MPTS system will benefit from a recent upgrade to 42 radial channels and will continue using two 30-Hz Nd:YAG lasers, although the laser input and exit flight tubes will be given a larger bore in order to permit a straightforward addition of a third laser beam. Progress report will be given of this continuing work.

Leblanc, B. P.; Diallo, A.; Feder, H.; Labik, G.; Stevens, D. R.; Upcavage, R.

2012-10-01

187

Asynchronous compressed beamformer for portable diagnostic ultrasound systems.  

PubMed

State-of-the-art portable ultrasound imaging systems employ a small transducer array and a low carrier frequency to fit stringent constraints on power and form factor, and this tends to compromise the ultrasound imaging quality. In this paper, we present a low-complexity low-power asynchronous compressed beamformer (ACB) for portable diagnostic ultrasound. The proposed ACB integrates asynchronous sampling and compressive sensing (CS), and is capable of reducing data conversion power and handling a large data volume at the mixed-signal interface. A high-rate continuoustime ternary encoding (CT-TE) scheme eliminates the need for interpolation filters and coordinate rotation digital computer (CORDIC) units typically used in a conventional architecture. A split-projection least squares (SPLS) signal reconstruction algorithm is applied that replaces high-cost nonlinear signal recovery with a series of low-complexity and independent linear problems. Experiments with measured ultrasound data demonstrate the proposed ACB architecture, and the SPLS reconstruction algorithm achieves 9-fold data compression compared with Nyquist sampling. PMID:25389158

Zhou, Jun; Hoyos, Sebastian; Sadler, Brian

2014-11-01

188

"IRMA" a Tunable Infrared Multi-Component Acquisition System for Plasma Diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The monitoring of transient or stable plasma reaction products, in particular the measurement of their ground state concentrations, is the key to an improved understanding of molecular non-equilibrium plasmas. Infrared tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS) is a modern promising technique with specific capabilities for on-line process control in research and industry. For plasma diagnostics and control a compact and transportable multi-component TDLAS acquisition system, "IRMA", has been developed. The IRMA system contains 4 independent laser stations. A multi-path cell is included. Based on rapid scan software the absolute concentrations of several molecular species can be measured simultaneously within milliseconds and used as digital output. The contribution gives a survey of the optical subsystem, the data processing and the analysis technique. The flexibility and versatility of IRMA is demonstrated at examples of time-dependent species density measurement.

Röpcke, J.; Mechold, L.; Anders, J.; Wienhold, F. G.; Nelson, D.; Zahniser, M.

1999-10-01

189

A malaria diagnostic system based on electric impedance spectroscopy  

E-print Network

Malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum infection is one of the major threats to world health and especially to the community without proper medical care. New approach to cost-efficient, portable, miniaturized diagnostic ...

Ha, Sungjae

2011-01-01

190

Autonomous power expert fault diagnostic system for Space Station Freedom electrical power system testbed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The goal of the Autonomous Power System (APS) program is to develop and apply intelligent problem solving and control to the Space Station Freedom Electrical Power System (SSF/EPS) testbed being developed and demonstrated at NASA Lewis Research Center. The objectives of the program are to establish artificial intelligence technology paths, to craft knowledge-based tools with advanced human-operator interfaces for power systems, and to interface and integrate knowledge-based systems with conventional controllers. The Autonomous Power EXpert (APEX) portion of the APS program will integrate a knowledge-based fault diagnostic system and a power resource planner-scheduler. Then APEX will interface on-line with the SSF/EPS testbed and its Power Management Controller (PMC). The key tasks include establishing knowledge bases for system diagnostics, fault detection and isolation analysis, on-line information accessing through PMC, enhanced data management, and multiple-level, object-oriented operator displays. The first prototype of the diagnostic expert system for fault detection and isolation has been developed. The knowledge bases and the rule-based model that were developed for the Power Distribution Control Unit subsystem of the SSF/EPS testbed are described. A corresponding troubleshooting technique is also described.

Truong, Long V.; Walters, Jerry L.; Roth, Mary Ellen; Quinn, Todd M.; Krawczonek, Walter M.

1990-01-01

191

Thomson scattering diagnostics of steady state and pulsed welding processes without and with metal vapor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thomson scattering is applied to measure temperature and density of electrons in the arc plasma of the direct current gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) process and pulsed gas metal arc welding (GMAW) process. This diagnostic technique allows to determine these plasma parameters independent from the gas composition and heavy particles temperature. The experimental setup is adapted to perform measurements on stationary as well as transient processes. Spatial and temporal electron temperature and density profiles of a pure argon arc in the case of the GTAW process and argon arc with the presence of aluminum metal vapor in the case of the GMAW process were obtained. Additionally the data is used to estimate the concentration of the metal vapor in the GMAW plasma.

Kühn-Kauffeldt, M.; Marqués, J.-L.; Schein, J.

2015-01-01

192

Ultrasonic output measurements of multiple-mode diagnostic ultrasound systems.  

PubMed

Electronic control has brought unprecedented flexibility and complexity in the variety of ultrasonic signals and beams available from a single modern multiple-mode ultrasonic imaging system. The process of measuring the ultrasonic output of these systems is started with the identification of relevant system parameters. Because the combinations of control settings for these parameters can number in the tens of thousands for some of the newer systems, a rational methodology for finding the highest global intensity or pressure values was necessary. To aid in the search, a linear simulation model was developed to predict those control settings that produce the highest relative intensity and pressure levels and their peak locations. This information became the starting point for actual measurements. An equipment setup suitable for multimode measurements is described. Experimental mapping procedures were used to find actual global maxima by varying a smaller subset of control parameters. Data were checked by formulae derived specifically for multimode measurements. PMID:18290148

Szabo, T L; Melton, H R; Hempstead, P S

1988-01-01

193

Diagnoses and Presenting Symptoms in an Infant Psychiatry Clinic: Comparison of Two Diagnostic Systems.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To present data from a general infant psychiatry clinic, including range and frequency of presenting symptoms, relationship between symptoms and diagnoses, and comparison of two diagnostic systems, DSM-IV and Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood (DC: 0-3). Method: A…

Frankel, Karen A.; Boyum, Lisa A.; Harmon, Robert J.

2004-01-01

194

DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM DEDICATED TO THE RADIOACTIVE ION BEAMS AT THE SPIRAL FACILITY  

E-print Network

DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEM DEDICATED TO THE RADIOACTIVE ION BEAMS AT THE SPIRAL FACILITY B. LAUNE, M. MALARD beam lines with the radioactive ion beams, dedicated diagnostic sytems have been built. This equipment Introduction The SPIRAL Radioactive Ion Beam (R.lB.) Facility has already been described elsewhere [1J

Boyer, Edmond

195

Diagnostic Evaluation of Ozone Production and Horizontal Transport in a Regional Photochemical Air Quality Modeling System  

EPA Science Inventory

A diagnostic model evaluation effort has been performed to focus on photochemical ozone formation and the horizontal transport process since they strongly impact the temporal evolution and spatial distribution of ozone (O3) within the lower troposphere. Results from th...

196

Real-time Optical Alignment and Diagnostic System (ROADS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ultimate and most frequent usage of ROADS will be the alignment of subassemblies (collector and collimator) prior to their installation in a chamber. The system as designed has inherent associated capabilities well applied to acceptance testing of the No. 4 mirror, prediction of in-chamber performance, generation of a catalog of test results and other data, providing data for the plotting of isointensity lines, and other applications which are discussed. The ROADS system will collect, process, display, analyze, and retain data as required for components, partial subassemblies, complete subassemblies, complete modules, and multimodular arrays.

1972-01-01

197

Conversion-Integration of MSFC Nonlinear Signal Diagnostic Analysis Algorithms for Realtime Execution of MSFC's MPP Prototype System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's advanced propulsion system Small Scale Magnetic Disturbances/Advanced Technology Development (SSME/ATD) has been undergoing extensive flight certification and developmental testing, which involves large numbers of health monitoring measurements. To enhance engine safety and reliability, detailed analysis and evaluation of the measurement signals are mandatory to assess its dynamic characteristics and operational condition. Efficient and reliable signal detection techniques will reduce the risk of catastrophic system failures and expedite the evaluation of both flight and ground test data, and thereby reduce launch turn-around time. During the development of SSME, ASRI participated in the research and development of several advanced non- linear signal diagnostic methods for health monitoring and failure prediction in turbomachinery components. However, due to the intensive computational requirement associated with such advanced analysis tasks, current SSME dynamic data analysis and diagnostic evaluation is performed off-line following flight or ground test with a typical diagnostic turnaround time of one to two days. The objective of MSFC's MPP Prototype System is to eliminate such 'diagnostic lag time' by achieving signal processing and analysis in real-time. Such an on-line diagnostic system can provide sufficient lead time to initiate corrective action and also to enable efficient scheduling of inspection, maintenance and repair activities. The major objective of this project was to convert and implement a number of advanced nonlinear diagnostic DSP algorithms in a format consistent with that required for integration into the Vanderbilt Multigraph Architecture (MGA) Model Based Programming environment. This effort will allow the real-time execution of these algorithms using the MSFC MPP Prototype System. ASRI has completed the software conversion and integration of a sequence of nonlinear signal analysis techniques specified in the SOW for real-time execution on MSFC's MPP Prototype. This report documents and summarizes the results of the contract tasks; provides the complete computer source code; including all FORTRAN/C Utilities; and all other utilities/supporting software libraries that are required for operation.

Jong, Jen-Yi

1996-01-01

198

Medical diagnostic decision support systems--past, present, and future: a threaded bibliography and brief commentary.  

PubMed Central

Articles about medical diagnostic decision support (MDDS) systems often begin with a disclaimer such as, "despite many years of research and millions of dollars of expenditures on medical diagnostic systems, none is in widespread use at the present time." While this statement remains true in the sense that no single diagnostic system is in widespread use, it is misleading with regard to the state of the art of these systems. Diagnostic systems, many simple and some complex, are now ubiquitous, and research on MDDS systems is growing. The nature of MDDS systems has diversified over time. The prospects for adoption of large-scale diagnostic systems are better now than ever before, due to enthusiasm for implementation of the electronic medical record in academic, commercial, and primary care settings. Diagnostic decision support systems have become an established component of medical technology. This paper provides a review and a threaded bibliography for some of the important work on MDDS systems over the years from 1954 to 1993. PMID:7719792

Miller, R A

1994-01-01

199

Strategies for adding adaptive learning mechanisms to rule-based diagnostic expert systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Rule-based diagnostic expert systems can be used to perform many of the diagnostic chores necessary in today's complex space systems. These expert systems typically take a set of symptoms as input and produce diagnostic advice as output. The primary objective of such expert systems is to provide accurate and comprehensive advice which can be used to help return the space system in question to nominal operation. The development and maintenance of diagnostic expert systems is time and labor intensive since the services of both knowledge engineer(s) and domain expert(s) are required. The use of adaptive learning mechanisms to increment evaluate and refine rules promises to reduce both time and labor costs associated with such systems. This paper describes the basic adaptive learning mechanisms of strengthening, weakening, generalization, discrimination, and discovery. Next basic strategies are discussed for adding these learning mechanisms to rule-based diagnostic expert systems. These strategies support the incremental evaluation and refinement of rules in the knowledge base by comparing the set of advice given by the expert system (A) with the correct diagnosis (C). Techniques are described for selecting those rules in the in the knowledge base which should participate in adaptive learning. The strategies presented may be used with a wide variety of learning algorithms. Further, these strategies are applicable to a large number of rule-based diagnostic expert systems. They may be used to provide either immediate or deferred updating of the knowledge base.

Stclair, D. C.; Sabharwal, C. L.; Bond, W. E.; Hacke, Keith

1988-01-01

200

A minicomputer-controlled diagnostic and display system for high-energy lasers  

Microsoft Academic Search

A modular, on-line, minicomputer-based diagnostic system was developed for testing and evaluating large high-energy lasers. The system provides quick data reduction and display during or immediately after a test. The system accommodates a broad spectrum of diagnostic equipment with a small number of interfaces, so most additions require only a software change. The software is modularized to either FORTRAN or

R. L. Johnson; J. T. Lewis; T. B. Smith; J. K. Flemister

1978-01-01

201

Atmospheric Composition Processing System (ACPS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Atmospheric Composition Processing System (ACPS) is a Community-Oriented Measurement-based Processing System that builds on the heritage mission-based processing used for MODIS, Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer, and Ozone Monitoring Instrument missions. The ACPS features key changes in scalability, interfaces, and provenance capture that will increase access to NASA's Earth Science data and processing capabilities as well as improve the overall

Curt Tilmes; M. Linda; A. J. Fleig

2009-01-01

202

Delivering diagnostic solutions with COTS expert systems; a case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more organizations are realizing the tremendous cost involved in the maintenance of increasingly complex equipment. Developing diagnostic solutions in-house is highly challenging and very expensive task and the only way to support the development is to re-use tools in many different projects. In recent years, COTS solutions have appeared and proved their mettle in actual use. Serviceability of

Israel Beniaminy; Eli Greenberg

1999-01-01

203

Computer Aided Diagnostic Support System for Skin Cancer: A Review of Techniques and Algorithms  

PubMed Central

Image-based computer aided diagnosis systems have significant potential for screening and early detection of malignant melanoma. We review the state of the art in these systems and examine current practices, problems, and prospects of image acquisition, pre-processing, segmentation, feature extraction and selection, and classification of dermoscopic images. This paper reports statistics and results from the most important implementations reported to date. We compared the performance of several classifiers specifically developed for skin lesion diagnosis and discussed the corresponding findings. Whenever available, indication of various conditions that affect the technique's performance is reported. We suggest a framework for comparative assessment of skin cancer diagnostic models and review the results based on these models. The deficiencies in some of the existing studies are highlighted and suggestions for future research are provided. PMID:24575126

Masood, Ammara; Al-Jumaily, Adel Ali

2013-01-01

204

Mechanical Systems Signal Processing  

E-print Network

­171 Multivariate statistics process control for dimensionality reduction in structural assessment L.E. Mujicaa,�, J) for reducing dimensionality in damage identification problem, in particular, detecting and locating impacts in a part of a commercial aircraft wing flap. It is shown that applying MPCA and MPLS is convenient

Verleysen, Michel

205

Target diagnostic control system implementation for the National Ignition Facility (invited)  

SciTech Connect

The extreme physics of targets shocked by NIF's 192-beam laser is observed by a diverse suite of diagnostics. Many diagnostics are being developed by collaborators at other sites, but ad hoc controls could lead to unreliable and costly operations. A diagnostic control system (DCS) framework for both hardware and software facilitates development and eases integration. Each complex diagnostic typically uses an ensemble of electronic instruments attached to sensors, digitizers, cameras, and other devices. In the DCS architecture each instrument is interfaced to a low-cost WINDOWS XP processor and JAVA application. Each instrument is aggregated with others as needed in the supervisory system to form an integrated diagnostic. The JAVA framework provides data management, control services, and operator graphical user interface generation. DCS instruments are reusable by replication with reconfiguration for specific diagnostics in extensible markup language. Advantages include minimal application code, easy testing, and high reliability. Collaborators save costs by assembling diagnostics with existing DCS instruments. This talk discusses target diagnostic instrumentation used on NIF and presents the DCS architecture and framework.

Shelton, R. T.; Kamperschroer, J. H.; Lagin, L. J.; Nelson, J. R.; O'Brien, D. W. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California 94550 (United States)

2010-10-15

206

Use of the target diagnostic control system in the National Ignition Facility  

SciTech Connect

The extreme physics of targets shocked by NIF's 192-beam laser are observed by a diverse suite of diagnostics including optical backscatter, time-integrated, time resolved and gated X-ray sensors, laser velocity interferometry, and neutron time of flight. Diagnostics to diagnose fusion ignition implosion and neutron emissions have been developed. A Diagnostic Control System (DCS) for both hardware and software facilitates development and eases integration. Each complex diagnostic typically uses an ensemble of electronic instruments attached to sensors, digitizers, cameras, and other devices. In the DCS architecture each instrument is interfaced to a low-cost Window XP processor and Java application. Instruments are aggregated as needed in the supervisory system to form an integrated diagnostic. The Java framework provides data management, control services and operator GUI generation. During the past several years, over thirty-six diagnostics have been deployed using this architecture in support of the National Ignition Campaign (NIC). The DCS architecture facilitates the expected additions and upgrades to diagnostics as more experiments are performed. This paper presents the DCS architecture, framework and our experiences in using it during the NIC to operate, upgrade and maintain a large set of diagnostic instruments.

Shelton, R; Lagin, L; Nelson, J

2011-07-25

207

Radiation signal processing system  

SciTech Connect

A gamma ray scintillation camera generating (X,y) spatial coordinate and Z energy signals relative to detected radiation events. The system provides for calibration of the camera Z signal response as a function of camera face location. In addition, the camera signals are converted to their digital equivalents subsequent to which the apparent coordinate locations of detected events as determined by the camera are corrected to their true spatial coordinates based upon correction information stored in the system.

Bennett, M.C.; Knoll, G.F.; Strange, D.R.

1981-07-28

208

Application of Advanced Laser and Optical Diagnostics Towards Non-Thermochemical Equilibrium Systems  

E-print Network

-V) and vibrational-translational (V-T) energy exchanges between the flow species. The research is a fundamental experimental study of these NTE systems and involves the application of advanced laser and optical diagnostics towards hypersonic flowfields. The research...

Hsu, Andrea G.

2010-07-14

209

Time resolved Thomson scattering diagnostic of pulsed gas metal arc welding (GMAW) process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work a Thomson scattering diagnostic technique was applied to obtain time resolved electron temperature and density values during a gas metal arc welding (GMAW) process. The investigated GMAW process was run with aluminum wire (AlMg 4,5 Mn) with 1.2 mm diameter as a wire electrode, argon as a shielding gas and peak currents in the range of 400 A. Time resolved measurements could be achieved by triggering the laser pulse at shifted time positions with respect to the current pulse driving the process. Time evaluation of resulting electron temperatures and densities is used to investigate the state of the plasma in different phases of the current pulse and to determine the influence of the metal vapor and droplets on the plasma properties.

Kühn-Kauffeldt, M.; Marquès, J. L.; Schein, J.

2014-11-01

210

Software and Systems Engineering Process Improvement at  

E-print Network

Software and Systems Engineering Process Improvement at Oerlikon Aerospace Software and Systems EngineeringSoftware and Systems Engineering Process Improvement atProcess Improvement at Oerlikon Aerospace SYMPOSIUMSYMPOSIUM Software and Systems EngineeringSoftware and Systems Engineering Process Improvement

Laporte, Claude Y.

211

Development of Simple Designs of Multitip Probe Diagnostic Systems for RF Plasma Characterization  

PubMed Central

Multitip probes are very useful diagnostics for analyzing and controlling the physical phenomena occurring in low temperature discharge plasmas. However, DC biased probes often fail to perform well in processing plasmas. The objective of the work was to deduce simple designs of DC biased multitip probes for parametric study of radio frequency plasmas. For this purpose, symmetric double probe, asymmetric double probe, and symmetric triple probe diagnostic systems and their driving circuits were designed and tested in an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) generated by a 13.56?MHz radio frequency (RF) source. Using I-V characteristics of these probes, electron temperature, electron number density, and ion saturation current was measured as a function of input power and filling gas pressure. An increasing trend was noticed in electron temperature and electron number density for increasing input RF power whilst a decreasing trend was evident in these parameters when measured against filling gas pressure. In addition, the electron energy probability function (EEPF) was also studied by using an asymmetric double probe. These studies confirmed the non-Maxwellian nature of the EEPF and the presence of two groups of the energetic electrons at low filling gas pressures. PMID:24683326

Naz, M. Y.; Shukrullah, S.; Ghaffar, A.; Rehman, N. U.

2014-01-01

212

Computer-Based Diagnostic Expert Systems in Rheumatology: Where Do We Stand in 2014?  

PubMed Central

Background. The early detection of rheumatic diseases and the treatment to target have become of utmost importance to control the disease and improve its prognosis. However, establishing a diagnosis in early stages is challenging as many diseases initially present with similar symptoms and signs. Expert systems are computer programs designed to support the human decision making and have been developed in almost every field of medicine. Methods. This review focuses on the developments in the field of rheumatology to give a comprehensive insight. Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched. Results. Reports of 25 expert systems with different design and field of application were found. The performance of 19 of the identified expert systems was evaluated. The proportion of correctly diagnosed cases was between 43.1 and 99.9%. Sensitivity and specificity ranged from 62 to 100 and 88 to 98%, respectively. Conclusions. Promising diagnostic expert systems with moderate to excellent performance were identified. The validation process was in general underappreciated. None of the systems, however, seemed to have succeeded in daily practice. This review identifies optimal characteristics to increase the survival rate of expert systems and may serve as valuable information for future developments in the field. PMID:25114683

Alder, Hannes; Michel, Beat A.; Marx, Christian; Tamborrini, Giorgio; Langenegger, Thomas; Bruehlmann, Pius; Steurer, Johann; Wildi, Lukas M.

2014-01-01

213

A Diagnostic System for Studying Energy Partitioning and Assessing the Response of the Ionosphere during HAARP Modification Experiments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This research program focused on the construction of several key radio wave diagnostics in support of the HF Active Auroral Ionospheric Research Program (HAARP). Project activities led to the design, development, and fabrication of a variety of hardware units and to the development of several menu-driven software packages for data acquisition and analysis. The principal instrumentation includes an HF (28 MHz) radar system, a VHF (50 MHz) radar system, and a high-speed radar processor consisting of three separable processing units. The processor system supports the HF and VHF radars and is capable of acquiring very detailed data with large incoherent scatter radars. In addition, a tunable HF receiver system having high dynamic range was developed primarily for measurements of stimulated electromagnetic emissions (SEE). A separate processor unit was constructed for the SEE receiver. Finally, a large amount of support instrumentation was developed to accommodate complex field experiments. Overall, the HAARP diagnostics are powerful tools for studying diverse ionospheric modification phenomena. They are also flexible enough to support a host of other missions beyond the scope of HAARP. Many new research programs have been initiated by applying the HAARP diagnostics to studies of natural atmospheric processes.

Djuth, Frank T.; Elder, John H.; Williams, Kenneth L.

1996-01-01

214

The Process of Systemic Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents several brief papers about the process of systemic change. These are: (1) Step-Up-To-Excellence: A Protocol for Navigating Whole-System Change in School Districts by Francis M. Duffy; (2) The Guidance System for Transforming Education by Charles M. Reigeluth; (3) The Schlechty Center For Leadership In School Reform by Monica…

Duffy, Francis M.; Reigeluth, Charles M.; Solomon, Monica; Caine, Geoffrey; Carr-Chellman, Alison A.; Almeida, Luis; Frick, Theodore; Thompson, Kenneth; Koh, Joyce; Ryan, Christopher D.; DeMars, Shane

2006-01-01

215

Fiber optical delivery systems for surgery, diagnostics, and phototherapy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New promising medical applications of IR lasers can be much wider with flexible cables and catheters for laser power delivery. Special super-dry silica fiber allow catheters to be designed for promising Ho and Tm lasers at wavelengths about 2 micrometers . But for longer wavelengths of Er:, CO- and CO2-lasers, other fibers should be used--polycrystalline silver halide fibers, singlecrystalline sapphire fibers, and hollow metal waveguides. Optical parameters of such fibers are under discussion alongside a design of special optical connectors, efficient coupling units, and optics at distal end. Applications of cables and catheters for laser therapy and medical diagnostics are analyzed.

Artioushenko, Vjacheslav G.

1992-03-01

216

Comparison of the results of soil profiles' diagnostics performed in three classification systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Three soil classification systems—the World Reference Base for Soil Resources (WRB), Soil Taxonomy, and the recent Russian system—were used for the identification of 17 soil profiles in southwestern Poland; all the systems put emphasis on the soil properties as diagnostic criteria. Different soils developed on glaciofluvial plains, loessic uplands, and in the Sudetes Mountains were classified. The best correlation between the classification decisions in the different systems was obtained for the most widespread soils owing to the similarity of the diagnostic criteria, which were essentially close although not coinciding. The most prominent divergence between the systems in both the names and the taxonomic categories of the soils was found for the polygenetic soils and for the soils developing from the lithologically discontinuous parent materials. It was also found that the diagnostic elements differ in terms of their taxonomic importance among the classification systems.

Gerasimova, M. I.; Khitrov, N. B.

2012-12-01

217

[Choice of electron equipment for x-ray diagnostic digital scanning system].  

PubMed

The paper deals with the choice of electron equipment for X-ray diagnostic devices with digital image processing which are intended for population-based mass prophylactic examinations of lung. Guidelines for the optimization of the package of electron devices for processing and storing of data and for obtaining hard copies of X-ray films. PMID:9560810

Blinov, N N; Zelikman, M I; Kokuev, A N; Solov'ev, A A

1998-01-01

218

An evidence-based diagnostic classification system for low back pain  

PubMed Central

Introduction: While clinicians generally accept that musculoskeletal low back pain (LBP) can arise from specific tissues, it remains difficult to confirm specific sources. Methods: Based on evidence supported by diagnostic utility studies, doctors of chiropractic functioning as members of a research clinic created a diagnostic classification system, corresponding exam and checklist based on strength of evidence, and in-office efficiency. Results: The diagnostic classification system contains one screening category, two pain categories: Nociceptive, Neuropathic, one functional evaluation category, and one category for unknown or poorly defined diagnoses. Nociceptive and neuropathic pain categories are each divided into 4 subcategories. Conclusion: This article describes and discusses the strength of evidence surrounding diagnostic categories for an in-office, clinical exam and checklist tool for LBP diagnosis. The use of a standardized tool for diagnosing low back pain in clinical and research settings is encouraged. PMID:23997245

Vining, Robert; Potocki, Eric; Seidman, Michael; Morgenthal, A. Paige

2013-01-01

219

A pulsed-laser calibration system for the laser backscatter diagnostics at the Omega laser  

SciTech Connect

A calibration system has been developed that allows a direct determination of the sensitivity of the laser backscatter diagnostics at the Omega laser. A motorized mirror at the target location redirects individual pulses of a millijoule-class laser onto the diagnostic to allow the in situ measurement of the local point response of the backscatter diagnostics. Featuring dual wavelength capability at the second and third harmonics of the Nd:YAG laser, both spectral channels of the backscatter diagnostics can be directly calibrated. In addition, channel cross-talk and polarization sensitivity can be determined. The calibration system has been employed repeatedly over the last two years and has enabled precise backscatter measurements of both stimulated Brillouin scattering and stimulated Raman scattering in gas-filled Hohlraum targets that emulate conditions relevant to those in inertial confinement fusion targets.

Neumayer, Paul; Sorce, Charles; Froula, Dustin H.; Divol, Laurent; Rekow, Vern; Loughman, Kevin; Knight, Russel; Glenzer, Siegfried H. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, California 94551 (United States); Bahr, Raymond; Seka, Wolf [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, University of Rochester, 250 East River Road, Rochester, New York 14623-1299 (United States)

2008-10-15

220

Medical application of fuzzy theory to the diagnostic system of tongue inspection in traditional Chinese medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditional Chinese medicine has a systematized methodology of medical treatment, based subjective information from the five senses. We proposed a diagnostic system for tongue inspection using fuzzy theory and applied this system to healthy volunteers based on traditional Chinese medicine. This system diagnosed syndromes such as deficiency syndrome, excess syndrome, coldness syndrome, and heat syndrome. We mainly focused on the

T. Watsuji; S. Arita; S. Shinohara; T. Kitade

1999-01-01

221

Gas liquefaction process control system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a method of operating a gas liquefaction process wherein a feed gas is liquefied by indirect heat exchange with at least one refrigerant provided by a refrigeration system which utilizes at least one gas turbine-driven compressor, wherein the refrigeration system utilizes at least one feedback control system. It comprises determining the ambient air temperature at the location of the liquefaction process at a given time; determining the optimum operating conditions of the liquefaction process; predicting the ambient air temperature at a future time; determining new optimum operating conditions of the liquefaction process; operating the liquefaction process at the new optimum operating conditions including the new set point; and repeating these steps at a time interval defined by the time difference between the given time and the future time.

Liu, Y.N.; Kinard, G.E.; Zagnoli, D.A.

1992-08-18

222

The possibilities of improvement in the sensitivity of cancer fluorescence diagnostics by computer image processing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Background: Fluorescence diagnostics uses the ability of tissues to fluoresce after exposition to a specific wavelength of light. The change in fluorescence between normal and progression to cancer allows to see early cancer and precancerous lesions often missed by white light. Aim: To improve by computer image processing the sensitivity of fluorescence images obtained during examination of skin, oral cavity, vulva and cervix lesions, during endoscopy, cystoscopy and bronchoscopy using Xillix ONCOLIFE. Methods: Function of image f(x,y):R2 --> R 3 was transformed from original color space RGB to space in which vector of 46 values refers to every point labeled by defined xy-coordinates- f(x,y):R2 --> R 46. By means of Fisher discriminator vector of attributes of concrete point analalyzed in the image was reduced according to two defined classes defined as pathologic areas (foreground) and healthy areas (background). As a result the highest four fisher's coefficients allowing the greatest separation between points of pathologic (foreground) and healthy (background) areas were chosen. In this way new function f(x,y):R2 --> R 4 was created in which point x,y corresponds with vector Y, H, a*, c II. In the second step using Gaussian Mixtures and Expectation-Maximisation appropriate classificator was constructed. This classificator enables determination of probability that the selected pixel of analyzed image is a pathologically changed point (foreground) or healthy one (background). Obtained map of probability distribution was presented by means of pseudocolors. Results: Image processing techniques improve the sensitivity, quality and sharpness of original fluorescence images. Conclusion: Computer image processing enables better visualization of suspected areas examined by means of fluorescence diagnostics.

Ledwon, Aleksandra; Bieda, Robert; Kawczyk-Krupka, Aleksandra; Polanski, Andrzej; Wojciechowski, Konrad; Latos, Wojciech; Sieron-Stoltny, Karolina; Sieron, Aleksander

2008-02-01

223

Teaching dual-process diagnostic reasoning to doctor of nursing practice students: problem-based learning and the illness script.  

PubMed

Accelerating the development of diagnostic reasoning skills for nurse practitioner students is high on the wish list of many faculty. The purpose of this article is to describe how the teaching strategy of problem-based learning (PBL) that drills the hypothetico-deductive or analytic reasoning process when combined with an assignment that fosters pattern recognition (a nonanalytic process) teaches and reinforces the dual process of diagnostic reasoning. In an online Doctor of Nursing Practice program, four PBL cases that start with the same symptom unfold over 2 weeks. These four cases follow different paths as they unfold leading to different diagnoses. Culminating each PBL case, a unique assignment called an illness script was developed to foster the development of pattern recognition. When combined with hypothetico-deductive reasoning drilled during the PBL case, students experience the dual process approach to diagnostic reasoning used by clinicians. PMID:25350904

Durham, Catherine O; Fowler, Terri; Kennedy, Sally

2014-11-01

224

Intelligent Work Process Engineering System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Optimizing performance on work activities and processes requires metrics of performance for management to monitor and analyze in order to support further improvements in efficiency, effectiveness, safety, reliability and cost. Information systems are therefore required to assist management in making timely, informed decisions regarding these work processes and activities. Currently information systems regarding Space Shuttle maintenance and servicing do not exist to make such timely decisions. The work to be presented details a system which incorporates various automated and intelligent processes and analysis tools to capture organize and analyze work process related data, to make the necessary decisions to meet KSC organizational goals. The advantages and disadvantages of design alternatives to the development of such a system will be discussed including technologies, which would need to bedesigned, prototyped and evaluated.

Williams, Kent E.

2003-01-01

225

The Diagnostic Challenge Competition: Probabilistic Techniques for Fault Diagnosis in Electrical Power Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Reliable systems health management is an important research area of NASA. A health management system that can accurately and quickly diagnose faults in various on-board systems of a vehicle will play a key role in the success of current and future NASA missions. We introduce in this paper the ProDiagnose algorithm, a diagnostic algorithm that uses a probabilistic approach, accomplished with Bayesian Network models compiled to Arithmetic Circuits, to diagnose these systems. We describe the ProDiagnose algorithm, how it works, and the probabilistic models involved. We show by experimentation on two Electrical Power Systems based on the ADAPT testbed, used in the Diagnostic Challenge Competition (DX 09), that ProDiagnose can produce results with over 96% accuracy and less than 1 second mean diagnostic time.

Ricks, Brian W.; Mengshoel, Ole J.

2009-01-01

226

Digital signal processing of cylinder pressure data for combustion diagnostics of HCCI engine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Diagnosis of combustion is necessary for the estimation of the combustion quality, and control of combustion timing in advanced combustion concepts like HCCI. Combustion diagnostics is often performed using digital processing of pressure signals measured using piezoelectric sensor installed in the combustion chamber of the engine. Four-step pressure signal processing consisting of (i) absolute pressure correction, (ii) phasing w.r.t. crank angle, (iii) cycle averaging and (iv) smoothening is used to get cylinder pressure data from the engine experiments, which is further analyzed to get information about combustion characteristics. This study focuses on various aspect of signal processing (cycle averaging and smoothing) of in-cylinder pressure signal from a HCCI engine acquired using a piezoelectric pressure sensor. Experimental investigations are conducted on a HCCI combustion engine operating at different engine speed/load/air-fuel ratio conditions. The cylinder pressure history of 3000 consecutive engine cycles is acquired for analysis using piezoelectric pressure sensor. This study determines the optimum number of engine cycles to be acquired for reasonably good pressure signals based on standard deviation of in-cylinder pressure, rate of pressure rise and rate of heat release signals. Different signal smoothening methods (using various digital filters) are also analyzed and their results are compared. This study also presents effect of signal processing methods on pressure, pressure rise rate and rate of heat release curves at different engine operating conditions.

Kumar Maurya, Rakesh; Pal, Dev Datt; Kumar Agarwal, Avinash

2013-03-01

227

Development of procedures to ensure quality and integrity in Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) diagnostics systems  

SciTech Connect

The diagnostic systems for Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) have grown from eleven initial systems to more than twenty systems. During operation, diagnostic system modifications are sometimes required to complete experimental objectives. Also, during operations new diagnostic systems are being developed and implemented. To ensure and maintain the quality and integrity of the data signals, a set of plans and systematic actions are being developed. This paper reviews the procedures set in place to maintain the integrity of existing data systems and ensure the performance objectives of new diagnostics being added.

Coutts, G.W.; Coon, M.L.; Hinz, A.F.; Hornady, R.S.; Lang, D.D.; Lund, N.P.

1983-11-30

228

Knowledge based jet engine diagnostics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A fielded expert system automates equipment fault isolation and recommends corrective maintenance action for Air Force jet engines. The knowledge based diagnostics tool was developed as an expert system interface to the Comprehensive Engine Management System, Increment IV (CEMS IV), the standard Air Force base level maintenance decision support system. XMAM (trademark), the Expert Maintenance Tool, automates procedures for troubleshooting equipment faults, provides a facility for interactive user training, and fits within a diagnostics information feedback loop to improve the troubleshooting and equipment maintenance processes. The application of expert diagnostics to the Air Force A-10A aircraft TF-34 engine equipped with the Turbine Engine Monitoring System (TEMS) is presented.

Jellison, Timothy G.; Dehoff, Ronald L.

1987-01-01

229

Note: Neutron bang time diagnostic system on Shenguang-III prototype  

SciTech Connect

A neutron bang time (NBT) diagnostic system has been implemented on Shenguang-III prototype. The bang time diagnostic system is based on a sensitive fusion neutron detector, which consists of a plastic scintillator and a micro-channel plate photomultiplier tube (PMT). An optical fiber bundle is used to couple the scintillator and the PMT. The bang time system is able to measure bang time above a neutron yield of 10{sup 7}. Bang times and start time of laser were related by probing x-ray pulses produced by 200 ps laser irradiating golden targets. Timing accuracy of the NBT is better than 60 ps.

Tang, Qi; Chen, Jiabin; Liu, Zhongjie; Zhan, Xiayu; Song, Zifeng, E-mail: mphyszf@qq.com [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, P. O. Box 919-986, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China)] [Research Center of Laser Fusion, China Academy of Engineering Physics, P. O. Box 919-986, Mianyang, Sichuan 621900 (China)

2014-04-15

230

Production diagnostics of geothermal wells by means of a computerized expert system  

SciTech Connect

Diagnostic of production problems in geothermal wells is a complex inferential task, which requires considerable knowledge of its possible causes, careful assessment of (sometimes bewildering) multidisciplinary evidence, and, of course, enough experience. These characteristics make this task a good candidate for a computerized expert system. On this conviction, we have developed the first version of WELL-DR, an expert system for geothermal-well production diagnostics. Though still in a rapid stage of evolution, this expert system already provides a convenient and useful tool for geothermal field development, operation and management.

Arellano, Victor M.; Iglesias, Eduardo R.

1992-01-01

231

Farm Feed Processing & Handling Systems.  

E-print Network

and using the 1 System Planning Guide (Example, page 161, you can I, make a systematic analysis of your requirements. Planning Procedure 4 System Design Procedure 5 Equipment Requirements Processing and Proportioning Grinding Mobile Power Wagons...\\~estock based on your own situation and need. production authorities. I By assembling the necessary information and using I the System Planning Guide (page 16) you can make a systematic analysis of your requirements. PLANNING PROCEDURE .., - Every poultry...

Allen, W. S.; Sorenson, J. W.; McCune, W. E.

1970-01-01

232

Parallel processing spacecraft communication system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An uplink controlling assembly speeds data processing using a special parallel codeblock technique. A correct start sequence initiates processing of a frame. Two possible start sequences can be used; and the one which is used determines whether data polarity is inverted or non-inverted. Processing continues until uncorrectable errors are found. The frame ends by intentionally sending a block with an uncorrectable error. Each of the codeblocks in the frame has a channel ID. Each channel ID can be separately processed in parallel. This obviates the problem of waiting for error correction processing. If that channel number is zero, however, it indicates that the frame of data represents a critical command only. That data is handled in a special way, independent of the software. Otherwise, the processed data further handled using special double buffering techniques to avoid problems from overrun. When overrun does occur, the system takes action to lose only the oldest data.

Bolotin, Gary S. (Inventor); Donaldson, James A. (Inventor); Luong, Huy H. (Inventor); Wood, Steven H. (Inventor)

1998-01-01

233

An integrated real-time diagnostic concept using expert systems, qualitative reasoning and quantitative analysis  

SciTech Connect

An approach for an integrated real-time diagnostic system is being developed for inclusion as an integral part of a power plant automatic control system. In order to participate in control decisions and automatic closed loop operation, the diagnostic system must operate in real-time. Thus far, an expert system with real-time capabilities has been developed and installed on a subsystem at the Experimental Breeder Reactor (EBR-II) in Idaho, USA. Real-time simulation testing of advanced power plant concepts at the Pennsylvania State University has been developed and was used to support the expert system development and installation at EBR-II. Recently, the US National Science Foundation (NSF) and the US Department of Energy (DOE) have funded a Penn State research program to further enhance application of real-time diagnostic systems by pursuing implementation in a distributed power plant computer system including microprocessor based controllers. This paper summarizes past, current, planned, and possible future approaches to power plant diagnostic systems research at Penn State. 34 refs., 9 figs.

Edwards, R.M.; Lee, K.Y.; Kumara, S.; Levine, S.H.

1989-01-01

234

Control and data acquisition system for the neutral beam probe diagnostic on TEXTOR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A neutral beam probe diagnostic using Rutherford scattering is described. The measuring method is based on elastic scattering of injected monoenergetic helium atoms by the plasma ions. The ion temperature is determined from the broadening of the energy distribution of the scattered particles. The data acquisition system, the control and monitoring system, and development status are discussed.

Vanblokland, A. A. E.; Korten, M. K.; Dewinter, F. D. A.; Barbian, E. P.; Vanderven, H. W.

1988-11-01

235

Status of the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) diagnostic system  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents the current status of the Tandem Mirror Experiment-Upgrade (TMX-U) diagnostics system. For the initial instruments active on TMX-U, the expansions or upgrades that have been implemented are outlined. For the newly added systems, more implementation details are presented.

Coutts, G.W.; Coffield, F.E.; Hornady, R.S.

1983-11-26

236

Shipboard fluid system diagnostics using non-intrusive load monitoring  

E-print Network

Systems on modem naval vessels are becoming exclusively dependent on electrical power. One example of this is the replacement of distilling and evaporator plants with reverse osmosis units. As the system is in continuous ...

Mitchell, Gregory R. (Gregory Reed)

2007-01-01

237

Early evaluation of a second generation information monitoring and diagnostic system  

SciTech Connect

Private sector commercial office buildings are challenging environments for energy efficiency projects. This challenge is related to the complexity of business environments that involve ownership, operation, and tenant relationships. Whether it is poor quality design, inefficient operations, degradation of equipment over time, or merely the increasing use of energy by tenants and inattention from landlords, commercial office building energy use continues to increase. This research project was developed to examine the environment for building operations and identify causes of inefficient use of energy related to technical and organizational issues. This report discusses a second-generation Information Monitoring and Diagnostic System (IMDS) installed at a leased office building in Sacramento, California. The report begins with a brief summary of the IMDS research at the previous building, followed by a discussion of the building selection process, the IMDS design and installation, recent use of the IMDS, costs and benefits, and fault detection and diagnostic research using the IMDS. A web site describes the IMDS in detail (see imds.lbl.gov). The underlying principle of this research project is that high quality building performance data can help show where energy is being used and how buildings systems actually perform is an important first step toward improving building energy efficiency. The project utilizes a high-quality monitoring system that has been developed during the past decade by a partnership between LBNL and private industry. This research project has been successful in demonstrating that the IMDS is tremendously valuable to the building operators at the Sacramento site. The building operators not only accept the technology, but it has become the core of their day-to-day building control concepts. The innovative property management company, Jones Lang LaSalle, is interested in installing more sites to determine if the system could provide an economic platform for regional operations. One objective of this project was to install the IMDS and evaluate the costs and benefits of its use. The costs have been evaluated. The system cost about $0.70 per square foot, which includes the design, hardware, software, and installation, which is about 30% lower than the previous system in San Francisco. A number of operational problems have been identified with the IMDS as described in the report. Potential energy savings from addressing problems identified by the application of the IMDS have not yet been quantified, although the IMDS has been an important tool to the operations staff to help better assess planned future retrofits.

Piette, Mary Ann; Kinney, Satkartar; Bourassa, Norman; Xu, Peng; Haves, Philip; Kinney, Kristopher; Shockman, Christine

2002-03-25

238

Living in negotiation: patients’ experiences of being in the diagnostic process of COPD  

PubMed Central

Purpose To illuminate patients’ lived experiences of going through the process of being diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Patients and methods A phenomenological-hermeneutic analysis was applied in the interpretation of interviews with eight persons diagnosed with mild or moderate COPD. Results One main theme ‘living in negotiation’, and three themes ‘living with a body out of step with the diagnosis’, ‘dealing with the past’, and ‘being challenged by the future’ reflected the process participants were living through in their quest for acceptance and a new balance in life. Participants found that the diagnostic processes were confusing, and that the diagnosis itself was ‘a slap in the face’. Unclear messages gave rise to fluctuating between an understanding of the condition as ‘not too severe’, insecurity, and fear. Shame and guilt related to the diagnosis had origins in the past, and in combination with the idea of ‘chronic’ the COPD diagnosis interfered with the present moment and gave rise to uncertainty for the future. The understanding of the present is related to negotiations not only with the past, but also with the future. Thus temporal aspects of the diagnosis are of great significance for the process of finding acceptance. Conclusion Regardless of disease severity, the diagnosis seems to be a breakdown of life, which puts life itself at stake. Medical professionals should be aware that the way the diagnosis is disclosed and communicated has considerable significance for how individuals understand and deal with their illness. The diagnosis should be communicated face-to-face, clearly and with empathy, and followed by information about COPD. Physicians should allow time and listen to the patients’ stories, and thus develop a shared understanding of the temporal aspect of the illness and patients’ needs and concerns. Thus, good communication is essential in determining whether the patient remains in negotiation, or enters a process toward acceptance and new understanding. PMID:24851046

Lindgren, Sari; Storli, Sissel Lisa; Wiklund-Gustin, Lena

2014-01-01

239

Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS) is a computer systems philosophy, a set of validated hardware building blocks, and a set of validated services as embodied in system software. The goal of AIPS is to provide the knowledgebase which will allow achievement of validated fault-tolerant distributed computer system architectures, suitable for a broad range of applications, having failure probability requirements of 10E-9 at 10 hours. A background and description is given followed by program accomplishments, the current focus, applications, technology transfer, FY92 accomplishments, and funding.

Pitts, Felix L.

1993-01-01

240

A handheld point-of-care genomic diagnostic system.  

PubMed

The rapid detection and identification of infectious disease pathogens is a critical need for healthcare in both developed and developing countries. As we gain more insight into the genomic basis of pathogen infectivity and drug resistance, point-of-care nucleic acid testing will likely become an important tool for global health. In this paper, we present an inexpensive, handheld, battery-powered instrument designed to enable pathogen genotyping in the developing world. Our Microfluidic Biomolecular Amplification Reader (µBAR) represents the convergence of molecular biology, microfluidics, optics, and electronics technology. The µBAR is capable of carrying out isothermal nucleic acid amplification assays with real-time fluorescence readout at a fraction of the cost of conventional benchtop thermocyclers. Additionally, the µBAR features cell phone data connectivity and GPS sample geotagging which can enable epidemiological surveying and remote healthcare delivery. The µBAR controls assay temperature through an integrated resistive heater and monitors real-time fluorescence signals from 60 individual reaction chambers using LEDs and phototransistors. Assays are carried out on PDMS disposable microfluidic cartridges which require no external power for sample loading. We characterize the fluorescence detection limits, heater uniformity, and battery life of the instrument. As a proof-of-principle, we demonstrate the detection of the HIV-1 integrase gene with the µBAR using the Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) assay. Although we focus on the detection of purified DNA here, LAMP has previously been demonstrated with a range of clinical samples, and our eventual goal is to develop a microfluidic device which includes on-chip sample preparation from raw samples. The µBAR is based entirely around open source hardware and software, and in the accompanying online supplement we present a full set of schematics, bill of materials, PCB layouts, CAD drawings, and source code for the µBAR instrument with the goal of spurring further innovation toward low-cost genetic diagnostics. PMID:23936402

Myers, Frank B; Henrikson, Richard H; Bone, Jennifer M; Bone, Jennifer; Lee, Luke P

2013-01-01

241

Network command processing system overview  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Network Command Processing System (NCPS) developed for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Ground Network (GN) stations is a spacecraft command system utilizing a MULTIBUS I/68030 microprocessor. This system was developed and implemented at ground stations worldwide to provide a Project Operations Control Center (POCC) with command capability for support of spacecraft operations such as the LANDSAT, Shuttle, Tracking and Data Relay Satellite, and Nimbus-7. The NCPS consolidates multiple modulation schemes for supporting various manned/unmanned orbital platforms. The NCPS interacts with the POCC and a local operator to process configuration requests, generate modulated uplink sequences, and inform users of the ground command link status. This paper presents the system functional description, hardware description, and the software design.

Nam, Yon-Woo; Murphy, Lisa D.

1993-01-01

242

[Content-based image-retrieval system - development, usefulness and perspectives of diagnostic assistant robot].  

PubMed

In recent years, diagnostic imaging modalities have proliferated from standard X-ray to CT, MRI and PET, and the working environments of radiologists have changed greatly with the popular spread of the PACS system. Radiologists are now facing enormous duties due to the dramatic increase in the volume of images from various modalities, and the shortage of radiologists in Japan has reached near-crisis levels. Furthermore, it is difficult to gain the knowledge needed to interpret diagnostic imaging and modalities under the growing, increasingly diverse and complex modalities and methods, for general physicians and trainees. On the other hand, there are some computer-aided diagnosis and detection systems that support radiologists. Here, we introduce a new diagnostic assistant robot that automatically retrieves cases on record that are similar to new cases, helps in making diagnoses, and can create CT reports semi-automatically, using an existing past CT database of pulmonary nodules with a structured report. PMID:22790038

Endo, Masahiro; Aramaki, Takeshi; Moriguchi, Michihisa; Sawada, Akihiro; Asakura, Koiku; Bekku, Emima; Yamaguchi, Ken

2012-07-01

243

Developmental trauma disorder: pros and cons of including formal criteria in the psychiatric diagnostic systems  

PubMed Central

Background This article reviews the current debate on developmental trauma disorder (DTD) with respect to formalizing its diagnostic criteria. Victims of abuse, neglect, and maltreatment in childhood often develop a wide range of age-dependent psychopathologies with various mental comorbidities. The supporters of a formal DTD diagnosis argue that post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) does not cover all consequences of severe and complex traumatization in childhood. Discussion Traumatized individuals are difficult to treat, but clinical experience has shown that they tend to benefit from specific trauma therapy. A main argument against inclusion of formal DTD criteria into existing diagnostic systems is that emphasis on the etiology of the disorder might force current diagnostic systems to deviate from their purely descriptive nature. Furthermore, comorbidities and biological aspects of the disorder may be underdiagnosed using the DTD criteria. Summary Here, we discuss arguments for and against the proposal of DTD criteria and address implications and consequences for the clinical practice. PMID:23286319

2013-01-01

244

Parallel processing and expert systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Whether it be monitoring the thermal subsystem of Space Station Freedom, or controlling the navigation of the autonomous rover on Mars, NASA missions in the 1990s cannot enjoy an increased level of autonomy without the efficient implementation of expert systems. Merely increasing the computational speed of uniprocessors may not be able to guarantee that real-time demands are met for larger systems. Speedup via parallel processing must be pursued alongside the optimization of sequential implementations. Prototypes of parallel expert systems have been built at universities and industrial laboratories in the U.S. and Japan. The state-of-the-art research in progress related to parallel execution of expert systems is surveyed. The survey discusses multiprocessors for expert systems, parallel languages for symbolic computations, and mapping expert systems to multiprocessors. Results to date indicate that the parallelism achieved for these systems is small. The main reasons are (1) the body of knowledge applicable in any given situation and the amount of computation executed by each rule firing are small, (2) dividing the problem solving process into relatively independent partitions is difficult, and (3) implementation decisions that enable expert systems to be incrementally refined hamper compile-time optimization. In order to obtain greater speedups, data parallelism and application parallelism must be exploited.

Lau, Sonie; Yan, Jerry C.

1991-01-01

245

A System for Micro\\/Nano Fluidic Flow Diagnostics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A system for flow measurement in micro\\/nano fluidic components is presented. Microfabricated arrays of straight channels with noncircular cross-sections were used for flow rate measurement. The calculated flow rates in these channels were determined using a finite difference approximation method. A pneumatic pumping system was utilized to control the pressure drop across the channels and flow rates were measured by

Pulak Nath; Shuvo Roy; Terrence Conlisk; Aaron J. Fleischman

2005-01-01

246

Expert system for on-line machinery diagnostics. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

A project was conducted to develop, install, and operate an automated vibration monitoring system at the Millstone Unit No. 2 Nuclear Power Plant of the Northeast Utilities Company. This report describes the rotor dynamic analysis of the pumps to be monitored, the system sensor selection, installation requirements and constraints. The methods used for analysis, comparison, and trending of spectral data

J. L. Frarey; D. S. Wilson; N. J. Peterson; J. A. Bartlett

1984-01-01

247

ETHERNET BASED EMBEDDED SYSTEM FOR FEL DIAGNOSTICS AND CONTROLS  

SciTech Connect

An Ethernet based embedded system has been developed to upgrade the Beam Viewer and Beam Position Monitor (BPM) systems within the free-electron laser (FEL) project at Jefferson Lab. The embedded microcontroller was mounted on the front-end I/O cards with software packages such as Experimental Physics and Industrial Control System (EPICS) and Real Time Executive for Multiprocessor System (RTEMS) running as an Input/Output Controller (IOC). By cross compiling with the EPICS, the RTEMS kernel, IOC device supports, and databases all of these can be downloaded into the microcontroller. The first version of the BPM electronics based on the embedded controller was built and is currently running in our FEL system. The new version of BPM that will use a Single Board IOC (SBIOC), which integrates with an Field Programming Gate Array (FPGA) and a ColdFire embedded microcontroller, is presently under development. The new system has the features of a low cost IOC, an open source real-time operating system, plug&play-like ease of installation and flexibility, and provides a much more localized solution.

Jianxun Yan; Daniel Sexton; Steven Moore; Albert Grippo; Kevin Jordan

2006-10-24

248

Transformation of personal computers and mobile phones into genetic diagnostic systems.  

PubMed

Molecular diagnostics based on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) offer rapid and sensitive means for detecting infectious disease, but prohibitive costs have impeded their use in resource-limited settings where such diseases are endemic. In this work, we report an innovative method for transforming a desktop computer and a mobile camera phone--devices that have become readily accessible in developing countries--into a highly sensitive DNA detection system. This transformation was achieved by converting a desktop computer into a de facto thermal cycler with software that controls the temperature of the central processing unit (CPU), allowing for highly efficient PCR. Next, we reconfigured the mobile phone into a fluorescence imager by adding a low-cost filter, which enabled us to quantitatively measure the resulting PCR amplicons. Our system is highly sensitive, achieving quantitative detection of as little as 9.6 attograms of target DNA, and we show that its performance is comparable to advanced laboratory instruments at approximately 1/500th of the cost. Finally, in order to demonstrate clinical utility, we have used our platform for the successful detection of genomic DNA from the parasite that causes Chagas disease, Trypanosoma cruzi, directly in whole, unprocessed human blood at concentrations 4-fold below the clinical titer of the parasite. PMID:25223929

Walker, Faye M; Ahmad, Kareem M; Eisenstein, Michael; Soh, H Tom

2014-09-16

249

[Support by telecommunication of decisions in diagnostic pathology. Experience with the first telepathology system in Hungary].  

PubMed

The term of telepathology can be determined as diagnostic work of the pathologist at distance via an interactive telecommunication connection in which the image of the specimen appears on a monitor instead of viewing it directly through a microscope. Being a part of the telemedicine, the fast development of the telepathology is based on the revolution of the new digital technology. Technical advances of telecommunication and of image procession in the latest 80s have provided the means to transfer huge amount of visual information in narrow communication bandwidth in two direction link. In 1995 multiple live image transmission with simultaneous voice transfer has been performed between the Department of Pathology of MI Central Hospital and 1.st Institute of Pathology and Experimental Cancer Research of Semmelweis Medical University, Budapest. Transfer rate via ISDN channel was 128 kbit/sec. The first live image telemedicine system in CCE/NIS countries has achieved transmission of cytological smears, frozen sections and paraffin embedded slides supplemented with immunohistochemical preparations. Quality of visual information using video-conference software of standard H.320 was suitable for diagnosis. Development of global telepathology services depends on compatibility of different systems and on comprehensive examinations of cost, accessibility and quality for the clients and providers of telemedicine. Recent paper surveys shortly the historical development of the telepathology, analyses the essence of the new consultation technology, summaries the first experiences in Hungary and raises some questions have to be answered in the near future. PMID:8992427

Gombás, P; Szende, B; Stotz, G

1996-10-20

250

Transformation of Personal Computers and Mobile Phones into Genetic Diagnostic Systems  

PubMed Central

Molecular diagnostics based on the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) offer rapid and sensitive means for detecting infectious disease, but prohibitive costs have impeded their use in resource-limited settings where such diseases are endemic. In this work, we report an innovative method for transforming a desktop computer and a mobile camera phone—devices that have become readily accessible in developing countries—into a highly sensitive DNA detection system. This transformation was achieved by converting a desktop computer into a de facto thermal cycler with software that controls the temperature of the central processing unit (CPU), allowing for highly efficient PCR. Next, we reconfigured the mobile phone into a fluorescence imager by adding a low-cost filter, which enabled us to quantitatively measure the resulting PCR amplicons. Our system is highly sensitive, achieving quantitative detection of as little as 9.6 attograms of target DNA, and we show that its performance is comparable to advanced laboratory instruments at approximately 1/500th of the cost. Finally, in order to demonstrate clinical utility, we have used our platform for the successful detection of genomic DNA from the parasite that causes Chagas disease, Trypanosoma cruzi, directly in whole, unprocessed human blood at concentrations 4-fold below the clinical titer of the parasite. PMID:25223929

2014-01-01

251

Continued Development of Expert System Tools for NPSS Engine Diagnostics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The objectives of this grant were to work with previously developed NPSS (Numerical Propulsion System Simulation) tools and enhance their functionality; explore similar AI systems; and work with the High Performance Computing Communication (HPCC) K-12 program. Activities for this reporting period are briefly summarized and a paper addressing the implementation, monitoring and zooming in a distributed jet engine simulation is included as an attachment.

Lewandowski, Henry

1996-01-01

252

SERS diagnostic platforms, methods and systems microarrays, biosensors and biochips  

DOEpatents

A Raman integrated sensor system for the detection of targets including biotargets includes at least one sampling platform, at least one receptor probe disposed on the sampling platform, and an integrated circuit detector system communicably connected to the receptor. The sampling platform is preferably a Raman active surface-enhanced scattering (SERS) platform, wherein the Raman sensor is a SERS sensor. The receptors can include at least one protein receptor and at least one nucleic acid receptor.

Vo-Dinh, Tuan (Knoxville, TN)

2007-09-11

253

A Model-Based Expert System for Space Power Distribution Diagnostics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When engineers diagnose system failures, they often use models to confirm system operation. This concept has produced a class of advanced expert systems that perform model-based diagnosis. A model-based diagnostic expert system for the Space Station Freedom electrical power distribution test bed is currently being developed at the NASA Lewis Research Center. The objective of this expert system is to autonomously detect and isolate electrical fault conditions. Marple, a software package developed at TRW, provides a model-based environment utilizing constraint suspension. Originally, constraint suspension techniques were developed for digital systems. However, Marple provides the mechanisms for applying this approach to analog systems such as the test bed, as well. The expert system was developed using Marple and Lucid Common Lisp running on a Sun Sparc-2 workstation. The Marple modeling environment has proved to be a useful tool for investigating the various aspects of model-based diagnostics. This report describes work completed to date and lessons learned while employing model-based diagnostics using constraint suspension within an analog system.

Quinn, Todd M.; Schlegelmilch, Richard F.

1994-01-01

254

Rule Evolution in Order based Diagnostic Systems Robert I. Graham and Tughrul Arslan  

E-print Network

Rule Evolution in Order based Diagnostic Systems Robert I. Graham and Tughrul Arslan Department designed to evolve sets of rule bases used to optimise the order of lists of data arrays. Based upon induction learning techniques, an ulgorithm is described which is able to learn the rules most appropriate

Arslan, Tughrul

255

Evaluating the Diagnostic Validity of a Facet-Based Formative Assessment System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes methods for an alignment study and psychometric analyses of a formative assessment system, Diagnoser Tools for physics. Diagnoser Tools begin with facet clusters as the interpretive framework for designing questions and instructional activities. Thus each question in the diagnostic assessments includes distractors that…

DeBarger, Angela Haydel; DiBello, Louis; Minstrell, Jim; Feng, Mingyu; Stout, William; Pellegrino, James; Haertel, Geneva; Harris, Christopher; Ructinger, Liliana

2011-01-01

256

A comparison of five diagnostic systems for childhood schizophrenia and infantile autism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five diagnostic systems designed to differentiate infantile autism and early childhood schizophrenia were compared by deriving scores on 44 children referred consecutively to the same clinical center. While the autistic scales devised by Rimland, Polan and Spencer, Lotter, and the British Working Party correlated significantly, the degree of correspondence (35%) indicated that several children obtained high autistic scores in one

Marian K. DeMyer; Don W. Churchill; William Pontius; Katherine M. Gilkey

1971-01-01

257

A portable hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) device for automotive diagnostic control systems.  

PubMed

In-vehicle driving tests for evaluating the performance and diagnostic functionalities of engine control systems are often time consuming, expensive, and not reproducible. Using a hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) simulation approach, new control strategies and diagnostic functions on a controller area network (CAN) line can be easily tested in real time, in order to reduce the effort and the cost of the testing phase. Nowadays, spark ignition engines are controlled by an electronic control unit (ECU) with a large number of embedded sensors and actuators. In order to meet the rising demand of lower emissions and fuel consumption, an increasing number of control functions are added into such a unit. This work aims at presenting a portable electronic environment system, suited for HIL simulations, in order to test the engine control software and the diagnostic functionality on a CAN line, respectively, through non-regression and diagnostic tests. The performances of the proposed electronic device, called a micro hardware-in-the-loop system, are presented through the testing of the engine management system software of a 1.6 l Fiat gasoline engine with variable valve actuation for the ECU development version. PMID:22075387

Palladino, A; Fiengo, G; Lanzo, D

2012-01-01

258

Diagnostic system based on support-vector machines for board-level functional diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fault diagnosis is critical for improving product yield and reducing manufacturing cost. However, it is very challenging to identify the root cause of failures on a complex circuit board. Ambiguous diagnosis results lead to long debug times and even wrong repair actions, which significantly increases the repair cost. We propose an automatic diagnostic system using support vector machines (SVMs). The

Zhaobo Zhang; Xinli Gu; Yaohui Xie; Zhiyuan Wang; Zhanglei Wang; Krishnendu Chakrabarty

2012-01-01

259

Fault diagnostic instrumentation design for environmental control and life support systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As a development phase moves toward flight hardware, the system availability becomes an important design aspect which requires high reliability and maintainability. As part of continous development efforts, a program to evaluate, design, and demonstrate advanced instrumentation fault diagnostics was successfully completed. Fault tolerance designs for reliability and other instrumenation capabilities to increase maintainability were evaluated and studied.

Yang, P. Y.; You, K. C.; Wynveen, R. A.; Powell, J. D., Jr.

1979-01-01

260

Challenges In the Industrial Applications of Fault Diagnostic Systems Sourabh Dash and Venkat Venkatasubramanian  

E-print Network

and future directions. We begin with a list of desirable attributes in the next section. 2. Desirable Attributes of a Diagnostic System In this section we list some of the desirable characteristics performance during normal operation are two conflicting goals. 2. Isolability: Isolability refers

Venkatasubramanian, Venkat

261

[Diseases of the peripheral vestibular system : Contribution of ENT medical diagnostics and therapy].  

PubMed

The most common types of vertigo caused by diseases of the peripheral vestibular system are benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), Meniere's disease and vestibular neuritis. A thorough examination of the medical history and clinical examination are usually sufficient for the differential diagnostics. Treatment includes differentiated repositioning maneuvers, medicinal treatment and physiotherapy. PMID:25502656

Pabst, F; Machetanz, J; Gerk, U; Simonis, G; Schellong, S

2015-01-01

262

Outsourcing of the New Wave Form Acquisition, Surveillance and Diagnostic System for the LEP Injection Kickers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1996, a project has been launched to improve the acquisition, surveillance and diagnostic system of the LEP injection kickers. The technical solution is formed by a VXI acquisition hardware and a Windows NT \\/ LabVIEW software environment. The realisation has been entirely outsourced to industry. This paper discusses the different phases of the project, from market survey over technical

E. Carlier; V. Mertens; M. C. Raichs; J. Serrano

1997-01-01

263

The Relationship Between Performance on the Gordon Diagnostic System and Other Measures of Attention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tests purporting to measure attention were administered to college students to examine their relationship to three relatively new tests of attention from the Gordon Diagnostic System (GDS). All subjects received the Standard Delay, Vigilance, and Distractibility Tests of the GDS. In addition, 69 of 136 subjects received the Digit Span, Arithmetic, and Digit Symbol subtests of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence

Deborah A. Rasile; Joanna S. Burg; Richard G. Bumght; Peter J. Donovick

1995-01-01

264

Megahertz pulse-burst alexandrite laser diagnostic systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Megahertz pulse-burst laser systems coupled with megahertz-rate framing cameras have proven (over the last ten years) to be very robust in imaging of high-speed reacting and nonreacting supersonic flows. These Nd:YAG systems produce 20--30 pulses (at variable rates from 500 kHz to 1 MHz) with 50--100 mJ/pulse (lambda = 1064nm) and have been used with narrow, spectral-linewidth, iodine, atomic filters to image turbulence in supersonic boundary layers with great success (when operating at lambda = 532nm). To extend this pulse-burst capability at other wavelengths (wavelengths outside of the 5--30 GHz tuning range of Nd:YAG: lambda = 1064 nm fundamental, and lambda = 532 nm second harmonic), two unique, tunable, megahertz-rate alexandrite laser systems were designed and built. This dissertation documents these two systems and discusses the potential for tunable, megahertz, pulse-burst systems that have more tuning range than Nd:YAG. These tunable alexandrite systems substantially extend the wavelength range of pulse-burst laser technology, but, to date, have pulse-energy limitations. Tunable from 710 nm to 800 nm (in the fundamental), these lasers provide researchers one laser to reach multiple molecular or atomic resonances with variable pulse-burst pulse separations. The molecular and atomic species of interest in reacting and nonreacting flows are presented in Chapter 1, providing a road-map for the development of these tunable lasers. This dissertation presents the design and development of these systems, including mode control, Herriott cell design for pulse separation, and the megahertz-tuning ringmaster-oscillator. Chapter 2 covers the physics of alexandrite as a solid-state, lamp-pumped, tunable medium and compares it to the tunability of Ti:sapphire. Chapter 3 and 4 present the pulse-burst alexandrite systems. The first system, built in Princeton's Applied Physics group (PAPG) (Chapter 3), produced 1-5 mJ total pulse-packet energy of 20--30 pulses, or approximately 100 muJ per pulse at lambda = 761 nm. The second system, built at Princeton Plasma Physics Labs (PPPL) (Chapter 4), produced pulse-bursts of 3--10 pulses with pulse power of 5--10 mJ/pulse at the fundamental wavelength of 758 nm. The spectral linewidths varied throughout the development of the two systems. Two different master-oscillator configurations were used, one linear, with a standing wave, and one ring, with a unidirectional wave. Using a linear, master-oscillator with double inter-cavity Fabry-Perot etalons, the PPPL pulse-burst system achieved 0.3A linewidth and limited tuning capability (limited by the tuning resolution of the inter-cavity, 9-plate, birefringent tuner). This made the system appropriate for laser induced fluorescence (LIF) studies of plasma turbulence, but, not sufficient for filtered Rayleigh scattering. The linear oscillator for the PAPG system achieved linewidths on the order of 1A (by way of a 4-plate, birefringent tuner). PAPG's system was designed with a Sacher diode-seeding system to decrease the linewidth to under 1 GHz (i.e., 0.002A) by way of cavity seeding, however, the linear oscillator did not reliably mode-lock. To achieve mode-locked, mode-hop-free tuning on the order of 30 GHz with a 88 MHz linewidth pulse, the master oscillator was configured and built as a mode-locked, diode-injection-seeded, alexandrite ring-cavity with "rapid-ramp" cavity length stabilization (RCLS) technology. Chapter 5 and Chapter 6 present the design and performance of the unidirectional-wave, alexandrite ring laser. The mode-locked, alexandrite, ring laser's piezo modulation system and driver are presented in this thesis, along with experimental results which focus on spectral linewidth and spectral-purity characterization, using an atomic potassium filter at lambda = 766.701 nm and atomic rubidium filter at lambda = 780.2445 nm (vacuum wavelengths) for the alexandrite ring in single-pulse mode. These atomic, vapor-cell, experimental-scan results document the reliability and tunability of the ring as a master oscillator for the

Luff, Jon David

265

Study of a CW, 2-D Thomson Scattering Diagnostic System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of a high energy, short duration, pulsed laser has always been essential in the Thomson measurement for the scattered photons to overcome the fluctuation in plasma background radiation. The study presented here describes a different approach that relies upon high power CW laser operation and rf signal detection technique. The new system has three major elements: an ultra long ( ˜100 m) laser resonance cavity that includes the plasma region; an array of CW diode lasers of high power and high modulation frequency that pumps and maintains the cavity energy ( ˜5 milliJoules); and a lock-in detection system of narrow frequency bandwidth ( ˜1 kHz). The resonance cavity consists of a pumping chamber for power input from diode lasers, and many relay chambers ( ˜20) distributed across the plasma cross section for Thomson measurement. The cavity has a low energy loss ( ˜2% round trip) and zero output power. It is estimated that the new system has a significantly improved performance in S/N (3000 times) over the present DIII-D system due to the increase in usable laser energy ( ˜100) and the improved background signal rejection ( ˜30).

Hsieh, C.-L.; Bray, B. D.; Liu, C.; Makariou, C. C.

2003-10-01

266

A Universal Fault Diagnostic Expert System Based on Bayesian Network  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fault diagnosis is an area of great concern of any industry to reduce maintenance cost and increase profitability in the mean time. But most of the researches tend to rely on sensor data and equipment structure, which are expensive because each category of equipment differs from the others. Thus developing a universal system remains a key challenge to be solved.

Ting Han; Bo Li; Limei Xu

2008-01-01

267

Development of a system to provide diagnostics-while-drilling.  

SciTech Connect

This report describes development of a system that provides high-speed, real-time downhole data while drilling. Background of the project, its benefits, major technical challenges, test planning, and test results are covered by relatively brief descriptions in the body of the report, with some topics presented in more detail in the attached appendices.

Wise, Jack LeRoy; Jacobson, Ronald David; Finger, John Travis; Mansure, Arthur James; Knudsen, Steven Dell

2003-06-01

268

Strategic Explanations for a Diagnostic Consultation System. Technical Report #8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the problem of automatic explanation of reasoning, or the ability of a program to discuss what it is doing in some understandable way, particularly as part of an expert system. An introduction presents a general framework in which to view explanation and reviews some of the research in this area. This is followed by a…

Hasling, Diane Warner; And Others

269

Combined pulse-oximeter-NIRS system for biotissue diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multi-wavelength (670, 805, 848 and 905 nm), multi-detector device for non-invasive measurement of biochemical components concentration in human or animal tissues, combining the methods of conventional pulse-oximetry and near infrared spectroscopy, is developed. The portable and clinically applicable system allows to measure heart pulse rate, oxygen saturation of arterial hemoglobin (pulse-oximetry method) and local absolute concentration of oxyhemoglobin, deoxyhemoglobin and oxidized cytochrome aa3 or other IR absorbed compounds (NIRS method). The system can be applied in monitoring of oxygen availability and utilization by the brain in neonatal and adults, neuro- traumatology, intensive care medicine, transplantation and plastic surgery, in sport, high-altitude and aviation medicine.

Hovhannisyan, Vladimir A.

2005-08-01

270

DC graphite arc furnace and diagnostic system for soils  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for systems to treat waste materials in a new manner has prompted the formation of an {open_quotes}Industry-National Laboratory-University{close_quotes} consortium to address the issue. The partners include Electro-Pyrolysis, Inc. (EPI), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), and Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL). The program includes technology transfer from industry to the national laboratory and university technology transfer to the national laboratory.

J. K. Wittle; C. H. Titus; R. A. Hamilton

1994-01-01

271

Advanced information processing system: Local system services  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Advanced Information Processing System (AIPS) is a multi-computer architecture composed of hardware and software building blocks that can be configured to meet a broad range of application requirements. The hardware building blocks are fault-tolerant, general-purpose computers, fault-and damage-tolerant networks (both computer and input/output), and interfaces between the networks and the computers. The software building blocks are the major software functions: local system services, input/output, system services, inter-computer system services, and the system manager. The foundation of the local system services is an operating system with the functions required for a traditional real-time multi-tasking computer, such as task scheduling, inter-task communication, memory management, interrupt handling, and time maintenance. Resting on this foundation are the redundancy management functions necessary in a redundant computer and the status reporting functions required for an operator interface. The functional requirements, functional design and detailed specifications for all the local system services are documented.

Burkhardt, Laura; Alger, Linda; Whittredge, Roy; Stasiowski, Peter

1989-01-01

272

Advanced development of particle beam probe diagnostic system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This progress report under DOE Grant DE-FG02-85ER3211 covers the period 15 Dec. 1992 through 15 Oct. 1993. The major accomplishments of this period are summarized. The basic TEXT heavy ion beam probe including the primary beam line, the upper secondary beam line with the old 500 keV analyzer, and the lower secondary beam line with the new 2 MeV analyzer is operational, and system shake-down is now beginning. Several subsystems of the complete system design are still under development including secondary beam line sweeps, primary beam detectors, the digital control, and data acquisition system. The lower analyzer entrance aperture and detector plates also have very limited capabilities to make it possible to more rapidly obtain satisfactory initial alignment and calibration conditions. We have performed a variety of high voltage tests that establish the basic efficacy of the 2 MeV analyzer design. We have upgraded the ion optics and added vacuum chambers in our vertical test stand facility to allow us to test the 2 MeV analyzers. We have also constructed a facility for testing ion source characteristics. We analyzed data on primary beam modulation taken during the last run period and confirmed the accuracy of our simulation code. Analysis of magnetic field measurements continued.

Crowley, T. P.; Schoch, P. M.; Connor, K. A.

273

Diagnostic system for cryogenically cooled 10 Hz Yb:YAG laser  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ELI Beamlines facility will house repetition rate high-power lasers with pulse durations down to 15 fs and over petawatt peak powers. Our research group participates in the construction of a cryogenically cooled Yb:YAG multi-slab amplifier; part of the L2 beamline. The system shall provide square, super-Gaussian beam with nearly 2 ns pulses with rectangular temporal profile and energy of up to 10 J at 10 Hz. The laser will provide pump beams for broadband OPCPA stages. The diagnostic system of the pump laser is critical for the correct performance analysis, stabilization feedback and mostly for the machine interlock system as damages of the expensive optical components can develop very fast with the 10 Hz repetition rate. The diagnostic system provides key laser parameters and characteristics in temporal, spectral and spatial domain. The paper describes testing of the setup for measurements of the final 10 J output. Its design is based on a combination of optical wedges and diffractive sampler to facilitate multiple diagnostics on a relatively small footprint. The laser diagnostics package covers measurements in spatial domain such as near-field, far-field, or wavefront analysis, further optical spectrum, pulse energy and temporal shape. In order to detect possible damage dark-field analysis was implemented as well. The final setup was modeled in optical design software (Radiant Zemax) to understand its behavior and later tested together with real-time LabVIEW code developed by our group as being part of the machine interlock system. The first results of the tests as well as detailed description of the diagnostics package design are presented.

Koubíková, Lucia; Thoma, Ji?í; Naylon, Jack A.; Indra, Lukáš; Fibrich, Martin; Kramer, Daniel; Rus, Bedrich

2015-01-01

274

Optical systems for point-of-care diagnostic instrumentation: analysis of imaging performance and cost  

PubMed Central

One of the key elements in point-of-care (POC) diagnostic test instrumentation is the optical system required for signal detection and / or imaging. Many tests which use fluorescence, absorbance, or colorimetric optical signals are under development for management of infectious diseases in resource limited settings, where the overall size and cost of the device is of critical importance. At present, high-performance lenses are expensive to fabricate and difficult to obtain commercially, presenting barriers for developers of in vitro POC tests or microscopic image-based diagnostics. We recently described a compact “hybrid” objective lens incorporating both glass and plastic optical elements, with a numerical aperture of 1.0 and field-of-view of 250 m. This design concept may potentially enable mass-production of high-performance, low-cost optical systems which can be easily incorporated in the readout path of existing and emerging POC diagnostic assays. In this paper, we evaluate the biological imaging performance of these lens systems in three broad POC diagnostic application areas; (1) bright field microscopy of histopathology slides, (2) cytologic examination of blood smears, and (3) immunofluorescence imaging. We also break down the fabrication costs and draw comparisons with other miniature optical systems. The hybrid lenses provided images with quality comparable to conventional microscopy, enabling examination of neoplastic pathology and infectious parasites including malaria and cryptosporidium. We describe how these components can be produced at below $10 per unit in full-scale production quantities, making these systems well suited for use within POC diagnostic instrumentation. PMID:24097204

Pierce, Mark C.; Weigum, Shannon E.; Jaslove, Jacob M.; Richards-Kortum, Rebecca; Tkaczyk, Tomasz S.

2013-01-01

275

Intermediate frequency band digitized high dynamic range radiometer system for plasma diagnostics and real-time Tokamak control.  

PubMed

An intermediate frequency (IF) band digitizing radiometer system in the 100-200 GHz frequency range has been developed for Tokamak diagnostics and control, and other fields of research which require a high flexibility in frequency resolution combined with a large bandwidth and the retrieval of the full wave information of the mm-wave signals under investigation. The system is based on directly digitizing the IF band after down conversion. The enabling technology consists of a fast multi-giga sample analog to digital converter that has recently become available. Field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) are implemented to accomplish versatile real-time data analysis. A prototype system has been developed and tested and its performance has been compared with conventional electron cyclotron emission (ECE) spectrometer systems. On the TEXTOR Tokamak a proof of principle shows that ECE, together with high power injected and scattered radiation, becomes amenable to measurement by this device. In particular, its capability to measure the phase of coherent signals in the spectrum offers important advantages in diagnostics and control. One case developed in detail employs the FPGA in real-time fast Fourier transform (FFT) and additional signal processing. The major benefit of such a FFT-based system is the real-time trade-off that can be made between frequency and time resolution. For ECE diagnostics this corresponds to a flexible spatial resolution in the plasma, with potential application in smart sensing of plasma instabilities such as the neoclassical tearing mode (NTM) and sawtooth instabilities. The flexible resolution would allow for the measurement of the full mode content of plasma instabilities contained within the system bandwidth. PMID:21721692

Bongers, W A; van Beveren, V; Thoen, D J; Nuij, P J W M; de Baar, M R; Donné, A J H; Westerhof, E; Goede, A P H; Krijger, B; van den Berg, M A; Kantor, M; Graswinckel, M F; Hennen, B A; Schüller, F C

2011-06-01

276

X-ray and EUV micro-imaging systems for laser ICF diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Plasma imaging diagnostics plays an important role for laser ICF. Based on the urgent need to carry out high-resolution, high-throughput plasma diagnostics, grazing-incidence X-ray Kirkpatrick-Baez (KB) microscopes and normal-incidence EUV Schwarzschild imaging system were developed. The X-ray multilayer KB microscopes were successfully been applied in the physics experiments of SGII laser facility. Combined with streaked camera, the Mo-backlit implosion flow line of hollow Carbon-Hydrogen (CH) spherical target was obtained in SGII. The 4.75keV single-channel and four-channel KB microscopes were also developed for self-emission and short-pulse backlit imaging diagnostic of CH cylindrical target. In addition, according to the need of ultra-short laser pulse plasma diagnostics, the Schwarzschild imaging system working at 68eV was researched, and the physical experiments of hot electron transport with Schwarzschild imaging system were performed in SILEX-I laser facility.

Yi, S.; Mu, B.; Wang, X.; Huang, W.; Li, J.; Wang, Z.

2013-10-01

277

Systemic Diagnostic Testing in Patients With Apparently Isolated Uveal Coloboma  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE To investigate the frequency and types of systemic findings in patients with apparently isolated uveal coloboma. DESIGN Cross-sectional observational study. METHODS SETTING Single-center ophthalmic genetics clinic. STUDY POPULATION Ninety-nine patients with uveal coloboma seen at the National Eye Institute. OBSERVATIONAL PROCEDURE Results of audiology testing, echocardiogram, brain magnetic resonance imaging, renal ultrasound, and total spine radiographs. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE Prevalence of abnormal findings on systemic testing. RESULTS Uveal coloboma affected only the anterior segment in 8 patients, only the posterior segment in 23 patients, and both anterior and posterior segments in 68 patients. Best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of eyes with coloboma was ?20/40 in 45% of eyes; 23% of eyes had BCVA of ?20/400. The majority of patients (74%) had good vision (>20/60) in at least 1 eye. Ten of the 19 patients (53%) who underwent echocardiography had abnormalities, with ventral septal defects being the most prevalent. Abnormal findings were observed in 5 of 72 patients (7%) who had a renal ultrasound and in 5 of 29 patients (17%) who underwent a brain MRI. Audiology testing revealed abnormalities in 13 of 75 patients (17%), and spine radiographs showed anomalies in 10 of 77 patients (13%). Most findings required no acute intervention. CONCLUSIONS Although some patients with coloboma had evidence of extraocular abnormalities, the majority of findings on routine clinical examination did not require acute intervention, but some warranted follow-up. Results from the systemic evaluation of patients with coloboma should be interpreted with caution and in view of their clinical context. PMID:24012100

HUYNH, NANCY; BLAIN, DELPHINE; GLASER, TANYA; DOSS, E. LAUREN; ZEIN, WADIH M.; LANG, DAVID M.; BAKER, EVA H.; HILL, SUVIMOL; BREWER, CARMEN C.; KOPP, JEFFREY B.; BARDAKJIAN, TANYA M.; MAUMENEE, IRENE H.; BATEMAN, BRONWYN J.; BROOKS, BRIAN P.

2014-01-01

278

Development of dosimetry using detectors of diagnostic digital radiography systems  

SciTech Connect

Dosimetry using an imaging plate (IP) of computed radiography (CR) systems was developed for quality control of output of the x-ray equipment. Sensitivity index, or the S number, of the CR systems was used for estimating exposure dose under the routine condition: exposure dose from 1.0 to 1.0x10{sup 2} {mu}C kg{sup -1}, tube voltages from 50 to 120 kV, and added filtration from 0 to 4.0 mm Al. The IP was calibrated by using a 6 cc ionization chamber having traceability to the National Standard Ionization Chamber. The uncertainty concerning the fading effect was suppressed less than 1.9% by reading the latent image 4 min{+-}5 s after irradiation at the room temperature 25.9{+-}1.0 degree sign C. The S number decreased linearly on the logarithmic graph regardless of the beam quality as exposure dose increased. The relationship between the exposure dose (E) and the S number was fitted by the equation E=a{sup '}xS{sup -b}. The coefficient a{sup '} decreased when the added filtration and the tube voltage were increased. The coefficient b was 0.977{+-}0.007 in all beam qualities. The dosimetry using the IP and the equation can estimate the exposure dose in a range from 9.0x10{sup -2} to 5.0 {mu}C kg{sup -1} within an uncertainty of {+-}5% required by the Japanese Industry Standard. This dose range partially included the doses under routine condition. The doses between 1.0 and 1.0x10{sup 2} {mu}C kg{sup -1} under the routine condition can be shifted to the 5% region by using an absorber. The IP dosimetry is applicable to the quality control of the CR systems.

Ariga, Eiji; Ito, Shigeki; Deji, Shizuhiko; Saze, Takuya; Nishizawa, Kunihide [Graduate School of Environmental Studies, Nagoya University and Nagoya Daini Red Cross Hospital, 466-8650, Nagoya (Japan); Radioisotope Research Center, Nagoya University, 464-8602, Nagoya (Japan); Radioisotope Research Center, Tokushima University, 770-8503, Tokushima (Japan); Radioisotope Research Center, Nagoya University, 464-8602, Nagoya (Japan)

2007-01-15

279

A Study of Laser System Requirements for Application in Beam Diagnostics And Polarimetry at the ILC  

SciTech Connect

Advanced laser systems will be essential for a range of diagnostics devices and polarimetry at the ILC. High average power, high beam quality, excellent stability and reliability will be crucial in order to deliver the information required to attain the necessary ILC luminosity as well as for efficient polarimetry. The key parameters are listed together with the R & D required to achieve the necessary laser system performance.

Dixit, S.; Delerue, N.; Foster, B.; Howell, D.F.; Peach, K.; Quelch, G.; Qureshi, M.; Reichold, A.; /Oxford U.; Hirst, G.; Ross, I.; /Rutherford; Urakawa, J.; /KEK,; Soskov, V.; Variola, A.; Zomer, F.; /Orsay, LAL; Blair, G.A.; Boogert, S.T.; Boorman, G.; Bosco, A.; Driouichi, C.; Karataev, P.; /Royal Holloway, U. of London; Brachmann,; /SLAC

2007-02-12

280

A microcomputer-based diagnostic system for identifying students' conceptions of heat and temperature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This paper presents a microcomputer-based diagnostic system (MBDS), designed for identifying students' conceptions in the domain of heat and temperature. The MBDS consists of three major parts: the input unit, the rule-base and the students' knowledge profile. These parts are described and illustrated. In addition, the four phases of developing the MBDS--the preliminary empirical study, the construction of the rule-base, the production of the system, and its evaluation--are briefly described.

Nachimias, R.; Stavy, R.; Avrams, R.

2006-06-09

281

Dynamic MRI-based computer aided diagnostic systems for early detection of kidney transplant rejection: A survey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Early detection of renal transplant rejection is important to implement appropriate medical and immune therapy in patients with transplanted kidneys. In literature, a large number of computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) systems using different image modalities, such as ultrasound (US), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and radionuclide imaging, have been proposed for early detection of kidney diseases. A typical CAD system for kidney diagnosis consists of a set of processing steps including: motion correction, segmentation of the kidney and/or its internal structures (e.g., cortex, medulla), construction of agent kinetic curves, functional parameter estimation, diagnosis, and assessment of the kidney status. In this paper, we survey the current state-of-the-art CAD systems that have been developed for kidney disease diagnosis using dynamic MRI. In addition, the paper addresses several challenges that researchers face in developing efficient, fast and reliable CAD systems for the early detection of kidney diseases.

Mostapha, Mahmoud; Khalifa, Fahmi; Alansary, Amir; Soliman, Ahmed; Gimel'farb, Georgy; El-Baz, Ayman

2013-10-01

282

Chemical production processes and systems  

SciTech Connect

Hydrogenolysis systems are provided that can include a reactor housing an Ru-comprising hydrogenolysis catalyst and wherein the contents of the reactor is maintained at a neutral or acidic pH. Reactant reservoirs within the system can include a polyhydric alcohol compound and a base, wherein a weight ratio of the base to the compound is less than 0.05. Systems also include the product reservoir comprising a hydrogenolyzed polyhydric alcohol compound and salts of organic acids, and wherein the moles of base are substantially equivalent to the moles of salts or organic acids. Processes are provided that can include an Ru-comprising catalyst within a mixture having a neutral or acidic pH. A weight ratio of the base to the compound can be between 0.01 and 0.05 during exposing.

Holladay, Johnathan E.; Muzatko, Danielle S.; White, James F.; Zacher, Alan H.

2014-06-17

283

Automatic diagnostic system for measuring ocular refractive errors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ocular refractive errors (myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism) are automatic and objectively determined by projecting a light target onto the retina using an infra-red (850 nm) diode laser. The light vergence which emerges from the eye (light scattered from the retina) is evaluated in order to determine the corresponding ametropia. The system basically consists of projecting a target (ring) onto the retina and analyzing the scattered light with a CCD camera. The light scattered by the eye is divided into six portions (3 meridians) by using a mask and a set of six prisms. The distance between the two images provided by each of the meridians, leads to the refractive error of the referred meridian. Hence, it is possible to determine the refractive error at three different meridians, which gives the exact solution for the eye's refractive error (spherical and cylindrical components and the axis of the astigmatism). The computational basis used for the image analysis is a heuristic search, which provides satisfactory calculation times for our purposes. The peculiar shape of the target, a ring, provides a wider range of measurement and also saves parts of the retina from unnecessary laser irradiation. Measurements were done in artificial and in vivo eyes (using cicloplegics) and the results were in good agreement with the retinoscopic measurements.

Ventura, Liliane; Chiaradia, Caio; de Sousa, Sidney J. F.; de Castro, Jarbas C.

1996-05-01

284

Beam Transport and Diagnostics for the NSLS-II Injection System  

SciTech Connect

The NSLS-II is a state of the art 3 GeV synchrotron light source being developed at BNL. The injection system will consist of a 200 MeV linac, 3 GeV booster synchrotron, and associated transfer lines. The transport lines between the linac and booster (LtB) and the booster and storage ring (BSR) must satisfy a number of requirements. In addition to transporting the beam while maintaining the beam emittance, these lines must allow for commissioning, provide appropriate diagnostics, allow for the appropriate safety devices and in the case of the BSR line, provide a stable beam for top off injection. Appropriate diagnostics are also necessary in the linac and booster to complement the measurements in the transfer lines and to allow for fast commissioning. In this paper we discuss the design of the transfer lines for the NSLSII along with the incorporated diagnostics and safety systems. Necessary diagnostics in the linac and booster are also discussed.

Fliller III,R.; Alforque, R.; Heese, R.; Meier, R.; Rose, J.; Shaftan, T.; Singh, O.; Tsoupas, N.

2009-05-04

285

An Integrated Process for System Maintenance, Fault Diagnosis and Support1  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents an overview of an integrated process for system maintenance, fault diagnosis and support. The solution is based on Qualtech System, Inc.'s (QSI's) TEAMS toolset for integrated diagnostics and involves several key innovations. As a showcase of the integrated solution, QSI, along with Antech Systems and Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), have recently completed a research project for the

Sudipto Ghoshal; Roshan Shrestha; Anindya Ghoshal; Venkatesh Malepati; Somnath Deb; Krishna Pattipati

1999-01-01

286

Improving Diagnostic Reasoning to Improve Patient Safety  

PubMed Central

Both clinicians and patients rely on an accurate diagnostic process to identify the correct illness and craft a treatment plan. Achieving improved diagnostic accuracy also fulfills organizational fiscal, safety, and legal objectives. It is frequently assumed that clinical experience and knowledge are sufficient to improve a clinician's diagnostic ability, but studies from fields where decision making and judgment are optimized suggest that additional effort beyond daily work is required for excellence. This article reviews the cognitive psychology of diagnostic reasoning and proposes steps that clinicians and health care systems can take to improve diagnostic accuracy. PMID:22058672

Rajkomar, Alvin; Dhaliwal, Gurpreet

2011-01-01

287

What is depression? Psychiatrists’ and GPs’ experiences of diagnosis and the diagnostic process  

PubMed Central

The diagnosis of depression is defined by psychiatrists, and guidelines for treatment of patients with depression are created in psychiatry. However, most patients with depression are treated exclusively in general practice. Psychiatrists point out that general practitioners’ (GPs’) treatment of depression is insufficient and a collaborative care (CC) model between general practice and psychiatry has been proposed to overcome this. However, for successful implementation, a CC model demands shared agreement about the concept of depression and the diagnostic process in the two sectors. We aimed to explore how depression is understood by GPs and clinical psychiatrists. We carried out qualitative in-depth interviews with 11 psychiatrists and 12 GPs. Analysis was made by Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. We found that the two groups of physicians differed considerably in their views on the usefulness of the concept of depression and in their language and narrative styles when telling stories about depressed patients. The differences were captured in three polarities which expressed the range of experiences in the two groups. Psychiatrists considered the diagnosis of depression as a pragmatic and agreed construct and they did not question its validity. GPs thought depression was a “gray area” and questioned the clinical utility in general practice. Nevertheless, GPs felt a demand from psychiatry to make their diagnosis based on instruments created in psychiatry, whereas psychiatrists based their diagnosis on clinical impression but used instruments to assess severity. GPs were wholly skeptical about instruments which they felt could be misleading. The different understandings could possibly lead to a clash of interests in any proposed CC model. The findings provide fertile ground for organizational research into the actual implementation of cooperation between sectors to explore how differences are dealt with. PMID:25381757

Davidsen, Annette S.; Fosgerau, Christina F.

2014-01-01

288

Dynamic security assessment processing system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The architecture of dynamic security assessment processing system (DSAPS) is proposed to address online dynamic security assessment (DSA) with focus of the dissertation on low-probability, high-consequence events. DSAPS upgrades current online DSA functions and adds new functions to fit into the modern power grid. Trajectory sensitivity analysis is introduced and its applications in power system are reviewed. An index is presented to assess transient voltage dips quantitatively using trajectory sensitivities. Then the framework of anticipatory computing system (ACS) for cascading defense is presented as an important function of DSAPS. ACS addresses various security problems and the uncertainties in cascading outages. Corrective control design is automated to mitigate the system stress in cascading progressions. The corrective controls introduced in the dissertation include corrective security constrained optimal power flow, a two-stage load control for severe under-frequency conditions, and transient stability constrained optimal power flow for cascading outages. With state-of-the-art computing facilities to perform high-speed extended-term time-domain simulation and optimization for large-scale systems, DSAPS/ACS efficiently addresses online DSA for low-probability, high-consequence events, which are not addressed by today's industrial practice. Human interference is reduced in the computationally burdensome analysis.

Tang, Lei

289

PV Manufacturing R&D Project Status and Accomplishments under 'In-Line Diagnostics and Intelligent Processing' and 'Yield, Durability and Reliability': Preprint  

SciTech Connect

The PV Manufacturing R&D (PVMR&D) Project conducts cost-shared research and development programs with U.S. PV industry partners. There are currently two active industry partnership activities. ''In-line Diagnostics and Intelligent Processing'', launched in 2002, supports development of new in-line diagnostics and monitoring with real-time feedback for optimal process control and increased yield in the fabrication of PV modules, systems, and other system components. ''Yield, Durability and Reliability'', launched in late 2004, supports enhancement of PV module, system component, and complete system reliability in high-volume manufacturing. A second key undertaking of the PVMR&D Project is the collection and analysis of module production cost-capacity metrics for the U.S. PV industry. In the period from 1992 through 2005, the average module manufacturing cost in 2005 dollars fell 54% (5.7% annualized) to $2.74/Wp, and the capacity increased 18.6-fold (25% annualized) to 253 MW/yr. An experience curve analysis gives progress ratios of 87% and 81%, respectively, for U.S. silicon and thin-film module production.

Friedman, D. J.; Mitchell, R. L.; Keyes, B. M.; Bower, W. I.; King, R.; Mazer, J.

2006-05-01

290

Laser Chemical Vapor Deposition of Titanium Nitride and Process Diagnostics with Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

TiN films have been deposited on Ti-6Al-4V substrates by a cw CO_2 laser chemical vapor deposition (LCVD) process with TiCl_4, H_2, and N_2. Pulsed dye laser induced fluorescence (LIF) spectroscopy is used to obtain transient gas phase Ti atomic concentration above the substrate. Multi-wavelength pyrometry is applied to measure the surface temperature during deposition. Film thickness profiles are obtained by stylus profilometry, and film compositions are analyzed by Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES). Very high film growth rates are found in the order of 1 mum/sec. The dependencies of the film growth rate on partial pressure ratio N _2:H_2, TiCl _4 partial pressure, total chamber pressure, and laser power are studied, and empirical relationships between the growth rate and TiCl_4, H_2, and N_2 partial pressures are established. The results suggest that the deposition is mainly due to chemical reactions on the substrate surface that is initiated by laser heating. The time change of Ti atomic concentration above the center of the deposition area measured by LIF is found to behave in the same way as the film thickness when experimental conditions are varied. Therefore, the LIF signal can be used as an in situ diagnostic tool for process monitoring and control. Possible surface reaction pathways and the rate-controlling steps are suggested. The apparent activation energy is found to be (115.0 +/- 10.7) kJ/mol for a substrate center temperature of 1339 K to 1515 K, a total pressure of 600 Torr, a partial pressure ratio N_2:H_2 of 3:1, and a TiCl_4 partial pressure of 27 Torr. AES analyses indicate that all the TiN _{rm x} films are in the range x = 0.8 +/- 0.1, with one exception of x = 0.6 for the lowest total pressure (Total = 100 Torr, N_2:H_2 = 3:1, TiCl_4 = 27 Torr, Laser Power = 400 W). Films are obtained with Cl atomic concentration as low as <0.5%, and O and C atomic concentrations as low as <1%. Finally, suggestions are made for improved numerical modeling based on the new findings.

Chen, Xiangli

291

Ontology-Oriented Diagnostic System for Traditional Chinese Medicine Based on Relation Refinement  

PubMed Central

Although Chinese medicine treatments have become popular recently, the complicated Chinese medical knowledge has made it difficult to be applied in computer-aided diagnostics. The ability to model and use the knowledge becomes an important issue. In this paper, we define the diagnosis in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) as discovering the fuzzy relations between symptoms and syndromes. An Ontology-oriented Diagnosis System (ODS) is created to address the knowledge-based diagnosis based on a well-defined ontology of syndromes. The ontology transforms the implicit relationships among syndromes into a machine-interpretable model. The clinical data used for feature selection is collected from a national TCM research institute in China, which serves as a training source for syndrome differentiation. The ODS analyzes the clinical cases to obtain a statistical mapping relation between each syndrome and associated symptom set, before rechecking the completeness of related symptoms via ontology refinement. Our diagnostic system provides an online web interface to interact with users, so that users can perform self-diagnosis. We tested 12 common clinical cases on the diagnosis system, and it turned out that, given the agree metric, the system achieved better diagnostic accuracy compared to nonontology method—92% of the results fit perfectly with the experts' expectations. PMID:23533534

Gu, Peiqin; Chen, Huajun

2013-01-01

292

APPLICATION OF THE ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ALGORITHMS FOR SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF MULTI DIMENSION PHYSIOLOGICAL DATA FOR DEVELOPING POLYPARAMETRIC INFORMATION SYSTEM OF PUBLIC HEALTH DIAGNOSTICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The polyparametric intelligence information system for diagnostics human functional state in medicine and public health is developed. The essence of the system consists in polyparametric describing of human functional state with the unified set of physiological parameters and using the polyparametric cognitive model developed as the tool for a system analysis of multitude data and diagnostics of a human functional

Nina Dmitrieva; Oleg Glazachev

293

A diagnostic system for electrical faults in a high current discharge plasma setup  

SciTech Connect

A diagnostic system to detect electrical faults inside a coaxial high current discharge device is presented here. This technique utilizes two biconical antennas picking up electromagnetic radiation from the discharge device, a voltage divider sensing input voltage, and a Rogowski coil measuring the main discharge current. A computer program then analyses frequency components in these signals and provides information as to whether the discharge event was normal or any breakdown fault occurred inside the coaxial device. The diagnostic system is developed for a 450 kV and 50 kA capillary discharge plasma setup. For the setup various possible faults are analyzed by electrical simulation, followed by experimental results. In the case of normal discharge through the capillary load the dominant frequency is {approx}4 MHz. Under faulty conditions, the peak in magnitude versus frequency plot of the antenna signal changes according to the fault position which involves different paths causing variation in the equivalent circuit elements.

Nigam, S.; Aneesh, K.; Navathe, C. P.; Gupta, P. D. [Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore 452013 (India)

2011-02-15

294

A diagnostic system for electrical faults in a high current discharge plasma setup.  

PubMed

A diagnostic system to detect electrical faults inside a coaxial high current discharge device is presented here. This technique utilizes two biconical antennas picking up electromagnetic radiation from the discharge device, a voltage divider sensing input voltage, and a Rogowski coil measuring the main discharge current. A computer program then analyses frequency components in these signals and provides information as to whether the discharge event was normal or any breakdown fault occurred inside the coaxial device. The diagnostic system is developed for a 450 kV and 50 kA capillary discharge plasma setup. For the setup various possible faults are analyzed by electrical simulation, followed by experimental results. In the case of normal discharge through the capillary load the dominant frequency is ?4 MHz. Under faulty conditions, the peak in magnitude versus frequency plot of the antenna signal changes according to the fault position which involves different paths causing variation in the equivalent circuit elements. PMID:21361621

Nigam, S; Aneesh, K; Navathe, C P; Gupta, P D

2011-02-01

295

MTX diagnostic and timing system for free-electron laser heating experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the microwave tokamak experiment (MTX) program, we are concentrating on experiments using intense, free-electron laser (FEL) generated microwave pulses. In initial FEL experiments, several diagnostic instruments were operated during injection of microwave pulses with peak powers to 0.2 GW at durations of 10 ns. Fixed and spatially scanning microwave detectors and receivers and a 48-element calorimeter on the inside wall of MTX diagnosed the GW-level FEL microwave pulses. With these diagnostics, linear-wave absorption and efficiencies of transmission through the quasi-optical transport system were studied. In addition, several radially resolved measurements of plasma density, temperature, and emission were made during FEL injection and were used in the analysis of microwave absorption data. A timing system, slaved to the FEL pulse arrival time, is capable of accuracy to a few nanoseconds in order to allow measurement of heating effects on the time scale of a single FEL pulse.

Casper, T.; Allen, S.; Foote, J.; Fenstermacher, M.; Hooper, E.; Hoshino, K.; Lasnier, C.; Makowski, M.; Meyer, W.; Moller, J.; Nilson, D.; Oasa, K.; Ogawa, T.; Rice, B.; Sewall, N.; Stallard, B.; Stever, R.; Thomassen, K.; Wood, R.

1990-10-01

296

Assessment of the potential impact of a reminder system on the reduction of diagnostic errors: a quasi-experimental study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Computerized decision support systems (DSS) have mainly focused on improving clinicians' diagnostic accuracy in unusual and challenging cases. However, since diagnostic omission errors may predominantly result from incomplete workup in routine clinical practice, the provision of appropriate patient- and context-specific reminders may result in greater impact on patient safety. In this experimental study, a mix of easy and difficult

Padmanabhan Ramnarayan; Graham C Roberts; Michael Coren; Vasantha Nanduri; Amanda Tomlinson; Paul M Taylor; Jeremy C Wyatt; Joseph F Britto

2006-01-01

297

Process Systems Engineering Ice cream scheduling  

E-print Network

S P S Process Systems Engineering Ice cream scheduling Martijn van Elzakker EWO meeting, 28 September 2010 #12;S P S Process Systems Engineering Problem overview 128-9-2010 All products Product type 2 Storage · Ageing · Freezing · Packing #12;S P S Process Systems Engineering Process Specifics Production

Grossmann, Ignacio E.

298

Optical diagnostics for condensed-phase shock-compressed molecular systems  

SciTech Connect

Experimental techniques capable of obtaining information about the molecular phenomenology in the region through and immediately behind the shockfront during the shock-compression of condensed-phase molecular systems are discussed and compared. Difficulties associated with performing measurements in this region are briefly reviewed. Some concomitant static experiments that can be used to complement the dynamic measurements are suggested. Developments and advances expected in diagnostic techniques during the next few years are summarized.

Schmidt, S.C.; Moore, D.S.; Shaner, J.W.

1983-01-01

299

Continuous-Flow, Rapid Lysis Devices for Biodefense Nucleic Acid Diagnostic Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two mechanical lysis devices have been developed as compact, robust components to provide rapid sample preparation for nucleic acid diagnostic systems. One such component, known as the Micro Bead-Beater™ (?BB™, BBTM, Claremont BioSolutions, Upland, CA), is a compact device that is capable of ultrarapid lysis (>90% lysis in 30 s) of micro volumes (<80 ?L) ofBacillus spores in a continuous-flow

Robert W. Doebler; Barbara Erwin; Anna Hickerson; Bruce Irvine; Denice Woyski; Ali Nadim; James D. Sterling

2009-01-01

300

Linear Diagnostics to Assess the Performance of an Ensemble Forecast System  

E-print Network

diation by ozone in the stratosphere and the atmosphere. The response to this stratospheric excitation propagates downward in the form of an inertia-gravity wave (Chapman and Lindzen, 1970). Our conjecture is that the digital filter affects this inertia... for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY August 2010 Major Subject: Atmospheric Sciences LINEAR DIAGNOSTICS TO ASSESS THE PERFORMANCE OF AN ENSEMBLE FORECAST SYSTEM A Dissertation by ELIZABETH A. SATTERFIELD Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies...

Satterfield, Elizabeth A.

2011-10-21

301

A prototype diagnostics system to detect ultraviolet emission for plasma turbulence.  

PubMed

A system to detect ultraviolet emissions from plasma is developed for multi-point measurement, the target of which is the imaging of turbulence with a high temporal resolution. A fluorescent glass, which converts ultraviolet emissions to visible light with a wavelength of approximately 540 nm, is utilized in the system. Following the conversion, the fluorescent light is transferred with fibre optics, and is converted to electric signals in a location that is sufficiently distant from an electrically noisy environment around the plasma device. This paper describes a prototype system of this diagnostic method and discusses the spectral analysis obtained using a low-aspect-ratio reversed field pinch RELAX. PMID:25430111

Onchi, T; Fujisawa, A; Sanpei, A

2014-11-01

302

A prototype diagnostics system to detect ultraviolet emission for plasma turbulence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A system to detect ultraviolet emissions from plasma is developed for multi-point measurement, the target of which is the imaging of turbulence with a high temporal resolution. A fluorescent glass, which converts ultraviolet emissions to visible light with a wavelength of approximately 540 nm, is utilized in the system. Following the conversion, the fluorescent light is transferred with fibre optics, and is converted to electric signals in a location that is sufficiently distant from an electrically noisy environment around the plasma device. This paper describes a prototype system of this diagnostic method and discusses the spectral analysis obtained using a low-aspect-ratio reversed field pinch RELAX.

Onchi, T.; Fujisawa, A.; Sanpei, A.

2014-11-01

303

Design of process diagnostics for excimer laser irradiation of oxide thin films  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors have developed an in situ excimer laser irradiation system that can monitor the temperature field of oxide thin films through thermal radiation produced upon a pulsed ultraviolet laser irradiation. Thermal emission signals from a Si single crystal obtained using with this system agreed well with a numerical simulation result, validating the time constant of the measurement system. The time-dependent transient temperature profile of tin-doped indium oxide thin films, which was converted from thermal emission signals, clearly showed a recalescence behavior in its cooling curve. The transmittance data of the laser-irradiated indium oxide thin films suggested that the transmittance monitoring at near-infrared and ultraviolet-visible regions could be useful in monitoring the dopant levels and laser processing conditions, respectively.

Shinoda, Kentaro; Nakajima, Tomohiko; Hatano, Mutsuko; Tsuchiya, Tetsuo

2014-01-01

304

ADHD Diagnosis: As Simple As Administering a Questionnaire or a Complex Diagnostic Process?  

PubMed

Objective: The present study investigated the validity of using the Conners' Teacher and Parent Rating Scales (CTRS/CPRS) or semistructured diagnostic interviews (Parent Interview for Child Symptoms and Teacher Telephone Interview) to predict a best-practices clinical diagnosis of ADHD. Method: A total of 279 children received a clinical diagnosis based on a best-practices comprehensive assessment (including diagnostic parent and teacher interviews, collection of historical information, rating scales, classroom observations, and a psychoeducational assessment) at a specialty ADHD Clinic in Truro, Nova Scotia, Canada. Sensitivity and specificity with clinical diagnosis were determined for the ratings scales and diagnostic interviews. Results: Sensitivity and specificity values were high for the diagnostic interviews (91.8% and 70.7%, respectively). However, while sensitivity of the CTRS/CPRS was relatively high (83.5%), specificity was poor (35.7%). Conclusion: The low specificity of the CPRS/CTRS is not sufficient to be used alone to diagnose ADHD. (J. of Att. Dis. 2013; XX(X) 1-XX). PMID:23887860

Parker, Ashton; Corkum, Penny

2013-07-25

305

[Diagnostic Accuracy of a Test Set to Classify Children with Auditory Processing Disorders (APD).  

PubMed

Objective: To investigate the diagnostic performance of an testbattery. Sensitivity and specificity are measures to evaluate the validity of a test. Material and Methods: These parameters were determined using ROC-curves for a battery of 10 diagnostic tests. The Youden Index, defined as the maximal effectiveness to determine the optimal cutpoint of diagnostic accuracy, was calculated as well. Participants: 91 children diagnosed with APD (51%) visiting 2(nd)-4(th) grade of a primary school; 87 2(nd)-4(th) graders with-out APD. Results: A very good relation of sensitivity and false-positive-rate was found for the Mottier-Test, which measures auditory non-word repetition (Area under the Curve=AUC as a global statistic measure for validity: 0.96; p=0.000; 95%-CI: 0.93-0.99). The cut-off point to distinguish between children with and without APD was 17.5 raw score, according to the max. Youden Index 0.83 (sensitivity: 90.1%; specificity 93.1%; false-positive-rate: 6.9%). The HSET-Subtest "Imitation grammatischer Strukturformen" (measuring auditory short-term sentence memory) exhibited comparable high discriminative power (AUC: 0.94; p=0.000; 95%-CI: 0.90-0.98). At 21.5 raw score (max. Youden Index: 0.82), 84.7% of the children were classified correctly (false-positive-rate: 2.3%; specificity: 97.7%). Eight tests had a moderately diagnostic accuracy, two of them tended to lesser accuracy (phoneme analysis: AUC: 0.72; monaural temporal order judgment AUC: 0.75). Conclusions: Using certain tests of a defined test set for identification of APDs in primary school children according to the sensitivity improves the possibility to detect APDs. In order to precisely specify the APD and to decide which auditory dimension should be treated the entire combination of 10 diagnostic tests is indispensable. PMID:25429641

Kiese-Himmel, C; Nickisch, A

2014-11-27

306

Upgrade to the control system of the reflectometry diagnostic of ASDEX upgrade  

SciTech Connect

The broadband frequency modulation-continuous wave microwave/millimeter wave reflectometer of ASDEX upgrade tokamak (Institut fuer Plasma Physik (IPP), Garching, Germany) developed by Centro de Fusao Nuclear (Lisboa, Portugal) with the collaboration of IPP, is a complex system with 13 channels (O and X modes) and two types of operation modes (swept and fixed frequency). The control system that ensures remote operation of the diagnostic incorporates VME and CAMAC bus based acquisition/timing systems. Microprocessor input/output boards are used to control and monitor the microwave circuitry and associated electronic devices. The implementation of the control system is based on an object-oriented client/server model: a centralized server manages the hardware and receives input from remote clients. Communication is handled through transmission control protocol/internet protocol sockets. Here we describe recent upgrades of the control system aiming to: (i) accommodate new channels; (ii) adapt to the heterogeneity of computing platforms and operating systems; and (iii) overcome remote access restrictions. Platform and operating system independence was achieved by redesigning the graphical user interface in JAVA. As secure shell is the standard remote access protocol adopted in major fusion laboratories, secure shell tunneling was implemented to allow remote operation of the diagnostic through the existing firewalls.

Graca, S.; Santos, J.; Manso, M.E. [Associacao EURATOM/IST, Centro de Fusao Nuclear, Instituto Superior Tecnico, 1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)

2004-10-01

307

Symptomization and triggering processes: Ovarian cancer patients' narratives on pre-diagnostic sensation experiences and the initiation of healthcare seeking.  

PubMed

Ovarian cancer is a malignant entity typically diagnosed in advanced stages, with concomitant poor prognosis. Delayed healthcare seeking is commonly explained by the 'vague' character of the disease's symptoms combined with a lack of awareness among patients. However, research on the social contexts of ovarian cancer patients' pre-diagnostic illness experiences and healthcare seeking is scarce. To explore these topics, we initiated a qualitative interview study guided by the principles of grounded theory and based on interviews with 42 ovarian cancer patients. The study was conducted in Germany from September 2011 to February 2013. Our analysis illustrates how, in the narratives, the interviewees struggled to balance specific bodily sensations with aspects of their life-worlds prior to consulting a biomedical professional. We propose a three-phase model to capture these experiences and demonstrate how the developments of pre-diagnostic sensations were catalysed by the dynamic and complex interplay of the sensations with a variety of individual and socio-cultural factors. To conceptualize these interplays, we introduce the analytical notion of a triggering process, and we elaborate on the different ways in which such a process conditioned the transformation of a sensation into a symptom and decisions to seek healthcare. We finally discuss our findings both in relation to current research on sensations, symptoms and healthcare seeking and in their relevance for understanding diagnostic delays in ovarian cancer. PMID:25179810

Brandner, Susanne; Müller-Nordhorn, Jacqueline; Stritter, Wiebke; Fotopoulou, Christina; Sehouli, Jalid; Holmberg, Christine

2014-10-01

308

Design of a New Optical System for Alcator C-Mod Motional Stark Effect Diagnostic  

SciTech Connect

The motional Stark effect (MSE) diagnostic on Alcator C-Mod uses an in-vessel optical system (five lenses and three mirrors) to relay polarized light to an external polarimeter because port access limitations on Alcator C-Mod preclude a direct view of the diagnostic beam. The system experiences unacceptable, spurious drifts of order several degrees in measured pitch angle over the course of a run day. Recent experiments illuminated the MSE diagnostic with polarized light of fixed orientation as heat was applied to various optical elements. A large change in measured angle was observed as two particular lenses were heated, indicating that thermal-stress-induced birefringence is a likely cause of the spurious variability. Several new optical designs have been evaluated to eliminate the affected in-vessel lenses and to replace the focusing they provide with curved mirrors; however, ray tracing calculations imply that this method is not feasible. A new approach is under consideration that utilizes in situ calibrations with in-vessel reference polarized light sources. 2008 American Institute of Physics.

Jinseok Ko, Steve Scott, Manfred Bitter, and Scott Lerner

2009-11-12

309

Diagnostic Systems Plan for the Advanced Light Source Top-OffUpgrade  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Light Source (ALS) will soon be upgraded to enable top-off operations [1], in which electrons are quasi-continuously injected to produce constant stored beam current. The upgrade is structured in two phases. First, we will upgrade our injector from 1.5 GeV to 1.9 GeV to allow full energy injection and will start top-off operations. In the second phase, we will upgrade the Booster Ring (BR) with a bunch cleaning system to allow high bunch purity top-off injection. A diagnostics upgrade will be crucial for success in both phases of the top-off project, and our plan for it is described in this paper. New booster ring diagnostics will include updated beam position monitor (BPM) electronics, a tune monitoring system, and a new scraper. Two new synchrotron light monitors and a beam stop will be added to the booster-to-storage ring transfer line (BTS), and all the existing beam current monitors along the accelerator chain will be integrated into a single injection efficiency monitoring application. A dedicated bunch purity monitor will be installed in the storage ring (SR). Together, these diagnostic upgrades will enable smooth commissioning of the full energy injector and a quick transition to high quality top-off operation at the ALS.

Barry, Walter; Chin, Mike; Robin, David; Sannibale, Fernando; Scarvie, Tom; Steier, Christoph

2005-05-10

310

Squash preparation: A reliable diagnostic tool in the intraoperative diagnosis of central nervous system tumors  

PubMed Central

Background: Intraoperative cytology is an important diagnostic modality improving on the accuracy of the frozen sections. It has shown to play an important role especially in the intraoperative diagnosis of central nervous system tumors. Aim: To study the diagnostic accuracy of squash preparation and frozen section (FS) in the intraoperative diagnosis of central nervous system (CNS) tumors. Materials and Methods: This prospective study of 114 patients with CNS tumors was conducted over a period of 18 months (September 2004 to February 2006). The cytological preparations were stained by the quick Papanicolaou method. The squash interpretation and FS diagnosis were later compared with the paraffin section diagnosis. Results: Of the 114 patients, cytological diagnosis was offered in 96 cases. Eighteen nonneoplastic or noncontributory cases were excluded. Using hematoxylin and eosin-stained histopathology sections as the gold standard, the diagnostic accuracy of cytology was 88.5% (85/96) and the accuracy on FS diagnosis was 90.6% (87/96). Among these cases, gliomas formed the largest category of tumors (55.2%). The cytological accuracy in this group was 84.9% (45/53) and the comparative FS figure was 86.8% (46/53). In cases where the smear and the FS diagnosis did not match, the latter opinion was offered. Conclusions: Squash preparation is a reliable, rapid and easy method and can be used as a complement to FS in the intraoperative diagnosis of CNS tumors. PMID:21187881

Mitra, Sumit; Kumar, Mohan; Sharma, Vivek; Mukhopadhyay, Debasis

2010-01-01

311

Helminth parasitic infections of the central nervous system: a diagnostic approach.  

PubMed

Helminth parasitic infections of the central nervous system (CNS) occur worldwide with high prevalence in tropical and subtropical countries. Clinical evaluation of patients is mandatory, and it is convenient to group the clinical manifestations into syndromes: for example space-occupying lesions, meningitis, and encephalitis. The history should focus on residence or travel to endemic areas, diet, activities, intercurrent medical conditions, and associated clinical clues. Direct parasitological diagnosis can be reached by cerebrospinal fluid and cerebral tissue examination either by microscopy, culture, or immunological techniques. Immunodiagnosis by detection of parasite antibodies or antigens in serum could provide indirect evidence of parasitic infections. In addition, various imaging and radiological techniques e.g., computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) complement the diagnostic work-up of CNS diseases. Finally, the helminthic CNS infections of global impact, such as schistosomiasis, neurotoxocariasis, Strongyloides infection, neurotrichinosis, neurocysticercosis, and echinococcosis will be briefly discussed as regards the principal clinical and diagnostic features. PMID:24961012

Othman, Ahmad A; Bruschi, Fabrizio; Ganna, Ahmed A

2014-04-01

312

An electronic documentation system increases diagnostic code capture for very low birth weight infants.  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION: Information describing medical interventions and patient outcome of very low birth weight (VLBW; BW <1500 grams) infants who receive neonatal intensive care is necessary to evaluate the quality of health care. We developed an electronic patient documentation system (EDS) called PCode to identify and select patient diagnostic (DX) codes and compared EDS to the previous paper-based documentation system (PDS). Our hypothesis was that EDS would capture more patient diagnostic codes than PDS. METHODS: PDS was originally developed as a two page 'code sheet' which listed all 275 neonatal diagnoses/management options and corresponding 3-4 character diagnostic (DX) codes, organized by organ system. PDS code sheets were manually completed by one of three trained 'coders' for every neonatal patient. EDS was developed as a Java application with the 'coder' selecting DX codes from drop lists also categorized by organ system. The study intervention was patient code selection using either the PDS or the EDS system. Both systems produced a paper DX code summary. PDS data capture occurred from 11/1997-3/1999 followed by EDS data capture until 8/2000. The primary outcome variable was DX codes captured per patient. Data were analyzed using independent t-test and linear regression. RESULTS: The number of diagnoses increased with decreasing birth weight. After linear regression was applied to control for birth weight, the number of DX codes was 31% greater in the EDS group, 7.2 +/- 2.9 DX codes/patient, p=0.008. There was a trend towards fewer erroneous DX codes in the EDS group. The most common DX codes were hyaline membrane disease, sepsis evaluation and hyperbilirubinemia, as expected for this patient population. CONCLUSIONS: EDS captured more VLBW infant DX codes compared to PDS. These results support the transition toward electronic data documentation for the neonatal clinical environment. Electronically linking PCode to the patient database has been initiated and should reduce manual coding errors. PMID:11825246

Porcelli, P. J.

2001-01-01

313

A Model-based Health Monitoring and Diagnostic System for the UH-60 Helicopter. Appendix D  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Model-based reasoning techniques hold much promise in providing comprehensive monitoring and diagnostics capabilities for complex systems. We are exploring the use of one of these techniques, which utilizes multi-signal modeling and the TEAMS-RT real-time diagnostic engine, on the UH-60 Rotorcraft Aircrew Systems Concepts Airborne Laboratory (RASCAL) flight research aircraft. We focus on the engine and transmission systems, and acquire sensor data across the 1553 bus as well as by direct analog-to-digital conversion from sensors to the QHuMS (Qualtech health and usage monitoring system) computer. The QHuMS computer uses commercially available components and is rack-mounted in the RASCAL facility. A multi-signal model of the transmission and engine subsystems enables studies of system testability and analysis of the degree of fault isolation available with various instrumentation suites. The model and examples of these analyses will be described and the data architectures enumerated. Flight tests of this system will validate the data architecture and provide real-time flight profiles to be further analyzed in the laboratory.

Patterson-Hine, Ann; Hindson, William; Sanderfer, Dwight; Deb, Somnath; Domagala, Chuck

2001-01-01

314

Diagnostic algorithm for Raynaud's phenomenon and vascular skin lesions in systemic lupus erythematosus.  

PubMed

Skin discolorations and skin lesions due to vascular pathologies are common clinical features in systemic lupus erythematosus. A variety of clinical manifestations such as Raynaud's phenomenon, acrocyanosis, livedo patterns, erythematous or violaceous macules and papules or necrosis are triggered by heterogeneous pathophysiological mechanisms such as vasospasm, vasculitis or thromboembolism. A standardized macro- and microvascular assessment is necessary to establish the correct diagnosis. We describe and illustrate common clinical features of vascular skin manifestations in systemic lupus erythematosus and present a diagnostic algorithm. PMID:20693202

Richter, J G; Sander, O; Schneider, M; Klein-Weigel, P

2010-08-01

315

Development of fast steering mirror control system for plasma heating and diagnostics.  

PubMed

A control system for a fast steering mirror has been newly developed for the electron cyclotron heating (ECH) launchers in the large helical device. This system enables two-dimensional scan during a plasma discharge and provides a simple feedback control function. A board mounted with a field programmable gate array chip has been designed to realize feedback control of the ECH beam position to maintain higher electron temperature by ECH. The heating position is determined by a plasma diagnostic signal related to the electron temperature such as electron cyclotron emission and Thomson scattering. PMID:25430376

Okada, K; Nishiura, M; Kubo, S; Shimozuma, T; Yoshimura, Y; Igami, H; Takahashi, H; Tanaka, K; Kobayashi, S; Ito, S; Mizuno, Y; Ogasawara, S

2014-11-01

316

GPLS VME MODULE: A DIAGNOSTIC AND DISPLAY TOOL FOR NSLS MICRO SYSTEMS.  

SciTech Connect

The General Purpose Light Source VME module is an integral part of every front-end micro in the NSLS control system. The board incorporates features such as a video character generator, clock signals, time-of-day clock, a VME bus interrupter and general-purpose digital inputs and outputs. This module serves as a valuable diagnostic and real-time display tool for the micro development as well as for the final operational systems. This paper describes the functions provided by the board for the NSLS micro control monitor software.

RAMAMOORTHY,S.; SMITH,J.D.

1999-03-29

317

Development of fast steering mirror control system for plasma heating and diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A control system for a fast steering mirror has been newly developed for the electron cyclotron heating (ECH) launchers in the large helical device. This system enables two-dimensional scan during a plasma discharge and provides a simple feedback control function. A board mounted with a field programmable gate array chip has been designed to realize feedback control of the ECH beam position to maintain higher electron temperature by ECH. The heating position is determined by a plasma diagnostic signal related to the electron temperature such as electron cyclotron emission and Thomson scattering.

Okada, K.; Nishiura, M.; Kubo, S.; Shimozuma, T.; Yoshimura, Y.; Igami, H.; Takahashi, H.; Tanaka, K.; Kobayashi, S.; Ito, S.; Mizuno, Y.; Ogasawara, S.

2014-11-01

318

Diagnostic tool for structural health monitoring: effect of material nonlinearity and vibro-impact process  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Numerous techniques are available for monitoring structural health. Most of these techniques are expensive and time-consuming. In this paper, vibration-based techniques are explored together with their use as diagnostic tools for structural health monitoring. Finite-element simulations are used to study the effect of material nonlinearity on dynamics of a cracked bar. Additionally, several experiments are performed to study the effect of vibro-impact behavior of crack on its dynamics. It was observed that a change in the natural frequency of the cracked bar due to crack-tip plasticity and vibro-impact behavior linked to interaction of crack faces, obtained from experiments, led to generation of higher harmonics; this can be used as a diagnostic tool for structural health monitoring.

Hiwarkar, V. R.; Babitsky, V. I.; Silberschmidt, V. V.

2013-07-01

319

Diagnostic Immunopathology  

PubMed Central

The application of immunologic techniques to tissue sections has added a new dimension to the investigation and classification of various processes. Virtually every section of diagnostic pathology has been enhanced by using specific monoclonal antibodies or polyclonal antiserum. Neoplasms formerly diagnosed as poorly differentiated or anaplastic may be precisely identified as to their origin through the use of specific membrane or cytoplasmic markers. Other cellular products, including viruses, hormones, enzymes or highly specific proteins, are also available to study neoplastic and nonneoplastic processes. New and more specific reagents are regularly becoming available for the diagnostic repertoire of pathologists. We present some of the principles of diagnostic immunopathology to show the scope and importance of the techniques. ImagesFigure 2.Figure 3. PMID:3529633

Cancilla, Pasquale A.; Cochran, Alistair J.; Naeim, Faramarz; Said, Jonathan W.

1986-01-01

320

Video and Image Processing in Multimedia Systems (Video Processing)  

E-print Network

COT 6930 Video and Image Processing in Multimedia Systems (Video Processing) Instructor: Borko. Content-based image and video indexing and retrieval. Video processing using compressed data. Course concepts and structures 4. Classification of compression techniques 5. Image and video compression

Furht, Borko

321

Development of an On-board Failure Diagnostics and Prognostics System for Solid Rocket Booster  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We develop a case breach model for the on-board fault diagnostics and prognostics system for subscale solid-rocket boosters (SRBs). The model development was motivated by recent ground firing tests, in which a deviation of measured time-traces from the predicted time-series was observed. A modified model takes into account the nozzle ablation, including the effect of roughness of the nozzle surface, the geometry of the fault, and erosion and burning of the walls of the hole in the metal case. The derived low-dimensional performance model (LDPM) of the fault can reproduce the observed time-series data very well. To verify the performance of the LDPM we build a FLUENT model of the case breach fault and demonstrate a good agreement between theoretical predictions based on the analytical solution of the model equations and the results of the FLUENT simulations. We then incorporate the derived LDPM into an inferential Bayesian framework and verify performance of the Bayesian algorithm for the diagnostics and prognostics of the case breach fault. It is shown that the obtained LDPM allows one to track parameters of the SRB during the flight in real time, to diagnose case breach fault, and to predict its values in the future. The application of the method to fault diagnostics and prognostics (FD&P) of other SRB faults modes is discussed.

Smelyanskiy, Vadim N.; Luchinsky, Dmitry G.; Osipov, Vyatcheslav V.; Timucin, Dogan A.; Uckun, Serdar

2009-01-01

322

Expert system for processing errors in a multiplex communications systems  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a method to analyze errors in a system. The system having a plurality of resources with replaceable units, a display, a processor, and memory means for storing decision trees, data structures, and error analysis tasks. The resources including a diagnostics card having a processor and memory means for storing resource analysis tasks, and communication resources. The method comprising the steps of: testing the resources intermittently by the error analysis tasks invoking a card analysis task on the diagnostics card to test for an error in the communication resources in the system; detecting an error and invoking an appropriate error analysis task to further diagnose the cause of the error; isolating the error to a replaceable unit by automatically traversing the decision trees in the error analysis task on the diagnostics card; writing data to record the error in the data structure in the memory of the system; and displaying a message indicative of the error on the display of the system.

Clark, M.E.; Greever, R.G.; Schmier, L.J.; Wong, J.D.

1989-11-14

323

COMPREHENSIVE DIAGNOSTIC AND IMPROVEMENT TOOLS FOR HVAC-SYSTEM INSTALLATIONS IN LIGHT COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS  

SciTech Connect

Proctor Engineering Group, Ltd. (PEG) and Carrier-Aeroseal LLP performed an investigation of opportunities for improving air conditioning and heating system performance in existing light commercial buildings. Comprehensive diagnostic and improvement tools were created to address equipment performance parameters (including airflow, refrigerant charge, and economizer operation), duct-system performance (including duct leakage, zonal flows and thermal-energy delivery), and combustion appliance safety within these buildings. This investigation, sponsored by the National Energy Technology Laboratory, a division of the U.S. Department of Energy, involved collaboration between PEG and Aeroseal in order to refine three technologies previously developed for the residential market: (1) an aerosol-based duct sealing technology that allows the ducts to be sealed remotely (i.e., without removing the ceiling tiles), (2) a computer-driven diagnostic and improvement-tracking tool for residential duct installations, and (3) an integrated diagnosis verification and customer satisfaction system utilizing a combined computer/human expert system for HVAC performance. Prior to this work the aerosol-sealing technology was virtually untested in the light commercial sector--mostly because the savings potential and practicality of this or any other type of duct sealing had not been documented. Based upon the field experiences of PEG and Aeroseal, the overall product was tailored to suit the skill sets of typical HVAC-contractor personnel.

Abram Conant; Mark Modera; Joe Pira; John Proctor; Mike Gebbie

2004-10-31

324

Bench-to-bedside review: Future novel diagnostics for sepsis - a systems biology approach  

PubMed Central

The early, accurate diagnosis and risk stratification of sepsis remains an important challenge in the critically ill. Since traditional biomarker strategies have not yielded a gold standard marker for sepsis, focus is shifting towards novel strategies that improve assessment capabilities. The combination of technological advancements and information generated through the human genome project positions systems biology at the forefront of biomarker discovery. While previously available, developments in the technologies focusing on DNA, gene expression, gene regulatory mechanisms, protein and metabolite discovery have made these tools more feasible to implement and less costly, and they have taken on an enhanced capacity such that they are ripe for utilization as tools to advance our knowledge and clinical research. Medicine is in a genome-level era that can leverage the assessment of thousands of molecular signals beyond simply measuring selected circulating proteins. Genomics is the study of the entire complement of genetic material of an individual. Epigenetics is the regulation of gene activity by reversible modifications of the DNA. Transcriptomics is the quantification of the relative levels of messenger RNA for a large number of genes in specific cells or tissues to measure differences in the expression levels of different genes, and the utilization of patterns of differential gene expression to characterize different biological states of a tissue. Proteomics is the large-scale study of proteins. Metabolomics is the study of the small molecule profiles that are the terminal downstream products of the genome and consists of the total complement of all low-molecular-weight molecules that cellular processes leave behind. Taken together, these individual fields of study may be linked during a systems biology approach. There remains a valuable opportunity to deploy these technologies further in human research. The techniques described in this paper not only have the potential to increase the spectrum of diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers in sepsis, but they may also enable the discovery of new disease pathways. This may in turn lead us to improved therapeutic targets. The objective of this paper is to provide an overview and basic framework for clinicians and clinical researchers to better understand the 'omics technologies' to enhance further use of these valuable tools. PMID:24093155

2013-01-01

325

Information Processing in Cognition Process and New Artificial Intelligent Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter, we discuss, in depth, visual information processing and a new artificial intelligent (AI) system that is\\u000a based upon cognitive mechanisms. The relationship between a general model of intelligent systems and cognitive mechanisms\\u000a is described, and in particular we explore visual information processing with selective attention. We also discuss a methodology\\u000a for studying the new AI system and

Nanning Zheng; Jianru Xue

2009-01-01

326

Health care sensor - Based systems for point of care monitoring and diagnostic applications: A brief survey.  

PubMed

Continuous, real-time remote monitoring through medical point - of - care (POC) systems appears to draw the interest of the scientific community for healthcare monitoring and diagnostic applications the last decades. Towards this direction a significant merit has been due to the advancements in several scientific fields. Portable, wearable and implantable apparatus may contribute to the betterment of today's healthcare system which suffers from fundamental hindrances. The number and heterogeneity of such devices and systems regarding both software and hardware components, i.e sensors, antennas, acquisition circuits, as well as the medical applications that are designed for, is impressive. Objective of the current study is to present the major technological advancements that are considered to be the driving forces in the design of such systems, to briefly state the new aspects they can deliver in healthcare and finally, the identification, categorization and a first level evaluation of them. PMID:25571429

Tsakalakis, Michail; Bourbakis, Nicolaos G

2014-08-01

327

Model-based fault diagnostics of nonlinear systems using the features of the phase space response  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel algorithm is presented in this paper for the diagnostics of nonlinear systems based on the idea of estimating the parameters of the system using features of the nonlinear response. The method combines statistical features of the nonlinear response and capabilities of artificial neural networks in data fitting with the objective of estimating the parameters of a defective nonlinear system. New features extracted from the density distribution of position and velocity signals are introduced to characterize the complex topologies of the phase plane response in periodic and multi-periodic domains. A nonlinear pendulum is used for experimental validation of the procedure. The results show that, with appropriately selected features of the response, the parameters of the nonlinear system can be estimated with an acceptable accuracy.

Samadani, M.; Kitio Kwuimy, C. A.; Nataraj, C.

2015-02-01

328

Feasibility Investigation on the Development of a Structural Damage Diagnostic and Monitoring System for Rocket Engines  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The research activity for this project is mainly to investigate the necessity and feasibility to develop a structural health monitoring system for rocket engines, and to carry out a research plan for further development of the system. More than one hundred technical papers have been searched and reviewed during the period. We concluded after this investigation that adding a new module in NASA's existing automated diagnostic system to monitor the healthy condition of rocket engine structures is a crucial task, and it's possible to develop such a system based upon the vibrational-based nondestructive damage assessment techniques. A number of such techniques have been introduced. Their advantages and disadvantages are also discussed. A global research plan has been figured out. As the first step of the overall research plan, a proposal for the next fiscal year has been submitted.

Shen, Ji Y.; Sharpe, Lonnie, Jr.

1998-01-01

329

Initial Operation of Laser-Induced Fluorescence Diagnostic System with Barium Ion Source in the Paul Trap Simulator Experiment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Installation of a laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) diagnostic system has been completed and initial operation of the system has begun on the Paul Trap Simulator Experiment (PTSX). The PTSX device is a linear Paul trap that simulates the collective processes and nonlinear transverse dynamics of an intense charged particle beam propagating through a periodic focusing quadrupole magnetic configuration. A barium ion source has also been installed on PTSX and tested with the existing charge collector. Although there are several transition lines for the laser excitation of barium ions, the transition from the metastable state 5 ^2D3/2 to the excited state 6 ^2P1/2 is considered mainly because there exists a commercially available, stable, broadband, high-power laser system in this region of the red spectrum. The LIF system is composed of a dye laser, fiber optic transmission lines, a line generator which uses a Powell lens, collection optics, and a CCD camera system. Streaming operation of the PTSX device is considered for the initial tests of the LIF system to make optimum use of the metastable ions. With the long integration time (˜10 sec) of the CCD camera and image intensifier, it is expected that the fluorescence image of the initial beam mismatch between the focusing channel and ion the source can be captured.

Chung, M.; Gilson, E. P.; Davidson, R. C.; Dorf, M.; Efthimion, P. C.; Majeski, R.

2006-10-01

330

Central Nervous System Involvement in Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: Diagnostic Tools, Prophylaxis, and Therapy  

PubMed Central

In adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), Central Nervous System (CNS) involvement is associated with a very poor prognosis. The diagnostic assessment of this condition relies on the use of neuroradiology, conventional cytology (CC) and flow cytometry (FCM). Among these approaches, which is the gold standard it is still a matter of debate. Neuroradiology and CC have a limited sensitivity with a higher rate of false negative results. FCM demonstrated a superior sensitivity over CC, particularly when low levels of CNS infiltrating cells are present. Although prospective studies of a large series of patients are still awaited, a positive finding by FCM appears to anticipate an adverse outcome even if CC shows no infiltration. Current strategies for adult ALL CNS-directed prophylaxis or therapy involve systemic and intrathecal chemotherapy and radiation therapy. An early and frequent intrathecal injection of cytostatic combined with systemic chemotherapy is the most effective strategy to reduce the frequency of CNS involvement. In patients with CNS overt ALL, at diagnosis or upon relapse, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation might be considered. This review discusses risk factors, diagnostic techniques for identification of CNS infiltration and modalities of prophylaxis and therapy to manage it. PMID:25408861

Del Principe, Maria Ilaria; Maurillo, Luca; Buccisano, Francesco; Sconocchia, Giuseppe; Cefalo, Mariagiovanna; De Santis, Giovanna; Di Veroli, Ambra; Ditto, Concetta; Nasso, Daniela; Postorino, Massimiliano; Refrigeri, Marco; Attrotto, Cristina; Del Poeta, Giovanni; Lo-Coco, Francesco; Amadori, Sergio; Venditti, Adriano

2014-01-01

331

[Elastographic visualization of soft tissue tumors and its role in the diagnostic process].  

PubMed

A total of 110 patients with malignant (n=54, 49,1%), intermediate (n=24, 21.8%) or benign (n=31, 28.2%) soft tissue tumors were included in the study aimed to determine the soft tissue tumor elastographic picture and the overall role of elastographic visualization in soft-tissue tumor diagnostics. All the patients underwent grey-scale real-time elastography, colored Doppler mapping, energy Doppler mapping and ultrasonic elastography. The ultrasonic elastography included the quality assay of tissue color mapping and tissue stiffness index assay. All the tests were performed with Hitachi HI Vision 900 US scanner with 5-13 MHz US-sensors. In soft tissue tumors the elastography had 97% sensitivity equal to grey-scale US-scan sensitivity. Based on the results of the study, the elastography doesn't lead to any benefits as a stand-alone diagnostic technique. In most cases it doesn't lend any additional value compared to grey-scale US-scan. The only exceptions are the low-grade lyposarcomas, diffuse lypomas and fibrolypomas and desmoids. Nevertheless, elastography is still a useful method in surgical treatment planning as it allows to pinpoint the exact amount of involved tissues more effective than grey-scale US-scan techniques. PMID:23607217

Za?tsev, A N; Semënov, I I

2012-01-01

332

Development of a medical image capture, formatting, and display system in support of a medical diagnostic center  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Today's concern over rising medical costs demands that medical diagnostic systems have cost effective life cycles. The design of a Medical Image Capture, Formatting, and Display (MICFD) system must be based on an architectural approach utilizing new technologies for upgrades and modifications. The need to maintain a cost effective operation dictates flexible, easily upgradeable architectures. In the past, Image Capture, Formatting, and Display capabilities have been contained within a single medical diagnostic system and embodied an architectural approach that limited significant performance upgrades due to tight coupling between software and a specific vendor's hardware. Significant capability enhancements to these systems could in the past only be accomplished by replacement of the entire system. The MICFD system described in this paper was specifically tailored to meet the needs of a Medical Diagnostic Center to monitor and analyze a diagnostic procedure through the use of state-of- the-art image capture, formatting, and display technologies. Further, the architecture is such that incremental enhancements can be made to strengthen budget profiles. A review of the requirements for a MICFD system that will support multiple diagnostic systems and provide a method for minimizing life cycle cost is presented in this paper. To fulfill these requirements, SPARTAC (SPArta Real Time Analysis, Computation and Control Center) architecture and design concepts have been used.

Keyes, John A.; Bretz, James F.; Moore, Archie L.

1993-06-01

333

Integrating system safety into the basic systems engineering process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The basic elements of a systems engineering process are given along with a detailed description of what the safety system requires from the systems engineering process. Also discussed is the safety that the system provides to other subfunctions of systems engineering.

Griswold, J. W.

1971-01-01

334

Turbulence in the Solar Atmosphere: Manifestations and Diagnostics via Solar Image Processing  

E-print Network

Intermittent magnetohydrodynamical turbulence is most likely at work in the magnetized solar atmosphere. As a result, an array of scaling and multi-scaling image-processing techniques can be used to measure the expected self-organization of solar magnetic fields. While these techniques advance our understanding of the physical system at work, it is unclear whether they can be used to predict solar eruptions, thus obtaining a practical significance for space weather. We address part of this problem by focusing on solar active regions and by investigating the usefulness of scaling and multi-scaling image-processing techniques in solar flare prediction. Since solar flares exhibit spatial and temporal intermittency, we suggest that they are the products of instabilities subject to a critical threshold in a turbulent magnetic configuration. The identification of this threshold in scaling and multi-scaling spectra would then contribute meaningfully to the prediction of solar flares. We find that the fractal dimension of solar magnetic fields and their multi-fractal spectrum of generalized correlation dimensions do not have significant predictive ability. The respective multi-fractal structure functions and their inertial-range scaling exponents, however, probably provide some statistical distinguishing features between flaring and non-flaring active regions. More importantly, the temporal evolution of the above scaling exponents in flaring active regions probably shows a distinct behavior starting a few hours prior to a flare and therefore this temporal behavior may be practically useful in flare prediction. The results of this study need to be validated by more comprehensive works over a large number of solar active regions.

Manolis K. Georgoulis

2005-11-15

335

On-ground tests of LISA PathFinder thermal diagnostics system  

E-print Network

Thermal conditions in the LTP, the LISA Technology Package, are required to be very stable, and in such environment precision temperature measurements are also required for various diagnostics objectives. A sensitive temperature gauging system for the LTP is being developed at IEEC, which includes a set of thermistors and associated electronics. In this paper we discuss the derived requirements applying to the temperature sensing system, and address the problem of how to create in the laboratory a thermally quiet environment, suitable to perform meaningful on-ground tests of the system. The concept is a two layer spherical body, with a central aluminium core for sensor implantation surrounded by a layer of polyurethane. We construct the insulator transfer function, which relates the temperature at the core with the laboratory ambient temperature, and evaluate the losses caused by heat leakage through connecting wires. The results of the analysis indicate that, in spite of the very demanding stability conditio...

Lobo, A; Ramos-Castro, J; Sanjuan, J; Lobo, Alberto; Nofrarias, Miquel; Ramos-Castro, Juan; Sanjuan, Josep

2006-01-01

336

Embedded Automotive System Development Process Steer-By-Wire System  

E-print Network

developers by providing a common environment for graphical specification and analysis. In this process model in the loop. Integral Components Most software standards require traceability of requirementsEmbedded Automotive System Development Process Steer-By-Wire System Joachim Langenwalter

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

337

Diagnostic Algorithm Benchmarking  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A poster for the NASA Aviation Safety Program Annual Technical Meeting. It describes empirical benchmarking on diagnostic algorithms using data from the ADAPT Electrical Power System testbed and a diagnostic software framework.

Poll, Scott

2011-01-01

338

Automated fruit grading system using image processing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the operations and performance of an automated quality verification system for agricultural products and its main features. The system utilizes improved engineering designs and image-processing techniques to convey and grade products. Basically two inspection stages of the system can be identified: external fruit inspection and internal fruit inspection. Surface inspection is accomplished through processing of color CCD

John B. Njoroge; Kazunori Ninomiya; Naoshi Kondo; H. Toita

2002-01-01

339

Cognitive Systems Foundations of Information Processing  

E-print Network

1 Cognitive Systems Foundations of Information Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems 2010 Cognition 8 Information Processing Paradigm Assumptions: · Cognition can be understood as a sequence Cognitive Systems 1: Topics · Perception · Memory and Reasoning · Learning and Action · Communication 3

Bremen, Universität

340

Laser processing and in-situ diagnostics for crystallization: from thin films to nanostructures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent work on laser-induced crystallization of thin films and nanostructures is presented. Characterization of the morphology of the crystallized area reveals the optimum conditions for sequential lateral growth in a-Si thin films under high-pulsed laser irradiation. Silicon crystal grains of several micrometers in lateral dimensions can be obtained reproducibly. Laser-induced grain morphology change is observed in silicon nanopillars under a transmission electron microscopy (TEM) environment. The TEM is coupled with a near-field scanning optical microscopy (NSOM) pulsed laser processing system. This combination enables immediate scrutiny on the grain morphologies that the pulsed laser irradiation produces. The tip of the amorphous or polycrystalline silicon pillar is transformed into a single crystalline domain via melt-mediated crystallization. The microscopic observation provides a fundamental basis for laser-induced conversion of amorphous nanostructures into coarse-grained crystals. A laser beam shaping strategy is introduced to control the stochastic dewetting of ultrathin silicon film on a foreign substrate under thermal stimulation. Upon a single pulse irradiation of the shaped laser beam, the thermodynamically unstable ultrathin silicon film is dewetted from the glass substrate and transformed to a nanodome. The results suggest that the laser beam shaping strategy for the thermocapillary-induced de-wetting combined with the isotropic etching is a simple alternative for scalable manufacturing of array of nanostructures.

Yoo, Jae-Hyuck; In, Jung Bin; Zheng, Andy Cheng; Ryu, Sang-Gil; Hwang, David J.; Xiang, Bin; Minor, Andrew M.; Grigoropoulos, Costas P.

2014-10-01

341

MTX (Microwave Tokamak Experiment) diagnostics and timing system for FEL (free electron laser) heating experiments  

SciTech Connect

In the MTX program, we are concentrating on experiments using intense, FEL-generated microwave pulses. In initial FEL experiments, several diagnostic instruments were operated during injection of microwave pulses with peak powers to 0.2 GW at durations of 10 nsec. Fixed and spatially scanning microwave detectors and receivers and a 48-element calorimeter on the inside wall of MTX diagnosed the GW-level FEL microwave pulses to study linear wave absorption and to determine efficiencies of transmission through the quasi-optical transport system. In addition, several radially resolved measurements of plasma density, temperature, and emission were made during FEL injection and used in the analysis of microwave absorption data. A timing system, slaved to the FEL pulse arrival time is capable of accuracy to a few nanoseconds in order to allow measurement of heating effects on the time scale of a single FEL pulse. We will discuss operation of these diagnostics and our plans for future measurements of single pulse and high average power heating experiments. 6 refs., 5 figs.

Casper, T.; Allen, S.; Foote, J.; Fenstermacher, M.; Hooper, E.; Lasnier, C.; Meyer, W.; Moller, J.; Nilson, D.; Rice, B.; Sewall, N.; Stallard, B.; Stever, R.; Thomassen, K.; Wood, R. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (USA)); Hoshino, K.; Oasa, K.; Ogawa, T. (Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan)); Makowski, M. (TRW, Inc., Redondo Beach, CA (USA))

1990-01-01

342

MTX (Microwave Tokamak Experiment) diagnostics and timing system for FEL (Free Electron Laser) heating experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the MTX program, we are concentrating on experiments using intense, FEL-generated microwave pulses. In initial FEL experiments, several diagnostic instruments were operated during injection of microwave pulses with peak powers to 0.2 GW at durations of 10 nsec. Fixed and spatially scanning microwave detectors and receivers and a 48-element calorimeter on the inside wall of MTX diagnosed the GW-level FEL microwave pulses to study linear wave absorption and to determine efficiencies of transmission through the quasi-optical transport system. In addition, several radially resolved measurements of plasma density, temperature, and emission were made during FEL injection and used in the analysis of microwave absorption data. A timing system, slaved to the FEL pulse arrival time is capable of accuracy to a few nanoseconds in order to allow measurement of heating effects on the time scale of a single FEL pulse. We will discuss operation of these diagnostics and our plans for future measurements of single pulse and high average power heating experiments.

Casper, T. A.; Allen, S.; Foote, J.; Fenstermacher, M.; Hooper, E.; Lasnier, C.; Meyer, W. H.; Moller, J. M.; Nilson, D.; Rice, B.

343

A HO-IRT Based Diagnostic Assessment System with Constructed Response Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to develop an on-line assessment system with constructed response items in the context of elementary mathematics curriculum. The system recorded the problem solving process of constructed response items and transfered the process to response codes for further analyses. An inference mechanism based on artificial…

Yang, Chih-Wei; Kuo, Bor-Chen; Liao, Chen-Huei

2011-01-01

344

Design of penicillin fermentation process simulation system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Real-time monitoring for batch process attracts increasing attention. It can ensure safety and provide products with consistent quality. The design of simulation system of batch process fault diagnosis is of great significance. In this paper, penicillin fermentation, a typical non-linear, dynamic, multi-stage batch production process, is taken as the research object. A visual human-machine interactive simulation software system based on Windows operation system is developed. The simulation system can provide an effective platform for the research of batch process fault diagnosis.

Qi, Xiaoyu; Yuan, Zhonghu; Qi, Xiaoxuan; Zhang, Wenqi

2011-10-01

345

Application of advanced laser diagnostics to hypersonic wind tunnels and combustion systems.  

SciTech Connect

This LDRD was a Sandia Fellowship that supported Andrea Hsu's PhD research at Texas A&M University and her work as a visitor at Sandia's Combustion Research Facility. The research project at Texas A&M University is concerned with the experimental characterization of hypersonic (Mach>5) flowfields using experimental diagnostics. This effort is part of a Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI) and is a collaboration between the Chemistry and Aerospace Engineering departments. Hypersonic flight conditions often lead to a non-thermochemical equilibrium (NTE) state of air, where the timescale of reaching a single (equilibrium) Boltzmann temperature is much longer than the timescale of the flow. Certain molecular modes, such as vibrational modes, may be much more excited than the translational or rotational modes of the molecule, leading to thermal-nonequilibrium. A nontrivial amount of energy is therefore contained within the vibrational mode, and this energy cascades into the flow as thermal energy, affecting flow properties through vibrational-vibrational (V-V) and vibrational-translational (V-T) energy exchanges between the flow species. The research is a fundamental experimental study of these NTE systems and involves the application of advanced laser and optical diagnostics towards hypersonic flowfields. The research is broken down into two main categories: the application and adaptation of existing laser and optical techniques towards characterization of NTE, and the development of new molecular tagging velocimetry techniques which have been demonstrated in an underexpanded jet flowfield, but may be extended towards a variety of flowfields. In addition, Andrea's work at Sandia National Labs involved the application of advanced laser diagnostics to flames and turbulent non-reacting jets. These studies included quench-free planar laser-induced fluorescence measurements of nitric oxide (NO) and mixture fraction measurements via Rayleigh scattering.

North, Simon W. (Texas A& M University, College Station, TX); Hsu, Andrea G. (Texas A& M University, College Station, TX); Frank, Jonathan H.

2009-09-01

346

Optical diagnostics based on elastic scattering: Recent clinical demonstrations with the Los Alamos Optical Biopsy System  

SciTech Connect

A non-invasive diagnostic tool that could identify malignancy in situ and in real time would have a major impact on the detection and treatment of cancer. We have developed and are testing early prototypes of an optical biopsy system (OBS) for detection of cancer and other tissue pathologies. The OBS invokes a unique approach to optical diagnosis of tissue pathologies based on the elastic scattering properties, over a wide range of wavelengths, of the microscopic structure of the tissue. The use of elastic scattering as the key to optical tissue diagnostics in the OBS is based on the fact that many tissue pathologies, including a majority of cancer forms, manifest significant architectural changes at the cellular and sub-cellular level. Since the cellular components that cause elastic scattering have dimensions typically on the order of visible to near-IR wavelengths, the elastic (Mie) scattering properties will be strongly wavelength dependent. Thus, morphology and size changes can be expected to cause significant changes in an optical signature that is derived from the wavelength dependence of elastic scattering. The data acquisition and storage/display time with the OBS instrument is {approximately}1 second. Thus, in addition to the reduced invasiveness of this technique compared with current state-of-the-art methods (surgical biopsy and pathology analysis), the OBS offers the possibility of impressively faster diagnostic assessment. The OBS employs a small fiber-optic probe that is amenable to use with any endoscope, catheter or hypodermic, or to direct surface examination (e.g. as in skin cancer or cervical cancer). It has been tested in vitro on animal and human tissue samples, and clinical testing in vivo is currently in progress.

Bigio, I.J.; Loree, T.R.; Mourant, J.; Shimada, T. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Story-Held, K.; Glickman, R.D. [Texas Univ. Health Science Center, San Antonio, TX (United States). Dept. of Ophthalmology; Conn, R. [Lovelace Medical Center, Albuquerque, NM (United States). Dept. of Urology

1993-08-01

347

Embedded diagnostic, prognostic, and health management system and method for a humanoid robot  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A robotic system includes a humanoid robot with multiple compliant joints, each moveable using one or more of the actuators, and having sensors for measuring control and feedback data. A distributed controller controls the joints and other integrated system components over multiple high-speed communication networks. Diagnostic, prognostic, and health management (DPHM) modules are embedded within the robot at the various control levels. Each DPHM module measures, controls, and records DPHM data for the respective control level/connected device in a location that is accessible over the networks or via an external device. A method of controlling the robot includes embedding a plurality of the DPHM modules within multiple control levels of the distributed controller, using the DPHM modules to measure DPHM data within each of the control levels, and recording the DPHM data in a location that is accessible over at least one of the high-speed communication networks.

Barajas, Leandro G. (Inventor); Sanders, Adam M (Inventor); Reiland, Matthew J (Inventor); Strawser, Philip A (Inventor)

2013-01-01

348

The High Frequency Ultrasonic Diagnostic System for Hard and Soft Tissue Specific Assessments in Dentistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The numerical assessment of dental tissues is essential when selecting a relevant treatment protocol in the field of dentistry. This will have significant ramifications on the restoration quality of dental tissues. The aim of the research study presented in this thesis was to validate applicability and obtain non-invasively, quantitative data for hard and soft tissue thickness in dental applications. An ultrasonic system was developed and assembled for the purpose of these experiments. Numerous laboratory trials were conducted to validate system performance against traditional and destructive methods of assessment. Ultrasonic measurements were found to yield similar values to those obtained from invasive methods. Results obtained in these experiments have validated potentials of ultrasound as a supplementary diagnostic tool for dental healthcare.

Slak, Bartosz

349

New Digital Control System for the JET Alfv'en Eigenmode Active Spectroscopy Diagnostic  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The state-of-the-art JET Alfv'en active spectroscopy diagnostic with eight internal inductive antennas is being upgraded from a single 5 kW tube amplifier to eight parallel, 10 -- 1000 kHz, 4 kW solid state class D power switching amplifiers. A new digital control system has been designed with arbitrary constant phase controlled frequency sweeps for traveling mode studies, amplifier gain control through a feedback loop referenced to programmed antenna current profiles, and integration with CODAS for synchronization, triggering, gating, and fault tripping. A combination of National Instruments Real Time LabView software and FPGA circuits is used to achieve the multiple control requirements with better than 1 ms response. System specifications and digital-analog design trade offs for sweep rates, response times, frequency resolution, and voltage levels will be presented.

Woskov, P. P.; Stillerman, J.; Porkolab, M.; Fasoli, A.; Testa, D.; Galvao, R.; Pires Dos Resis, A.; Pires de Sa, W.; Ruchko, L.; Blanchard, P.; Figueiredo, J.; Dorling, S.; Farthing, J.; Graham, M.; Dowson, S.; Yu, L.; Concezzi, S.

2012-10-01

350

Safety-driven system engineering process  

E-print Network

As the demand for high-performing complex systems has increased, the ability of engineers to meet that demand has not kept pace. The creators of the traditional system engineering processes did not anticipate modern complex ...

Stringfellow, Margaret Virgina

2008-01-01

351

Vehicle Processing Readiness Course: Aerospace Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center presents a vehicle processing readiness course on aerospace systems. It includes materials related to basic flight principles, safety, orbits, propulsion, structure and electromechanical systems.

Fletcher, Bill

2011-06-01

352

Evaluation of process systems operating envelopes  

E-print Network

This thesis addresses the problem of worst-case steady-state design of process systems under uncertainty, also known as robust design. Designing for the worst case is of great importance when considering systems for ...

Stuber, Matthew David

2013-01-01

353

Process Cooling Pumping Systems Analysis  

E-print Network

rejection while operating three pumps each. 2. Check Valve induced Pump Failure – While attempting to take readings, both systems exhibited check valve failure to hold. This failure causes significant short-circuiting of water to the cold well, causing...

Sherman, C.

2008-01-01

354

Conservation in signal processing systems  

E-print Network

Conservation principles have played a key role in the development and analysis of many existing engineering systems and algorithms. In electrical network theory for example, many of the useful theorems regarding the ...

Baran, Thomas A. (Thomas Anthony)

2012-01-01

355

RDD-100 and the systems engineering process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An effective systems engineering approach applied through the project life cycle can help Langley produce a better product. This paper demonstrates how an enhanced systems engineering process for in-house flight projects assures that each system will achieve its goals with quality performance and within planned budgets and schedules. This paper also describes how the systems engineering process can be used in combination with available software tools.

Averill, Robert D.

1994-01-01

356

Basic principles of design and functioning of multifunctional laser diagnostic system for non-invasive medical spectrophotometry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The devising of a general engineering theory of multifunctional diagnostic systems for non-invasive medical spectrophotometry is an important and promising direction of modern biomedical engineering. We aim in this study to formalize in scientific engineering terms objectives for multifunctional laser non-invasive diagnostic system (MLNDS). The structure-functional model as well as a task-function of generalized MLNDS was formulated and developed. The key role of the system software for MLNDS general architecture at steps of ideological-technical designing has been proved. The basic principles of block-modules composition of MLNDS hardware are suggested as well.

Rogatkin, D. A.; Sokolovski, S. G.; Fedorova, K. A.; Stewart, N. A.; Sidorov, V. V.; Rafailov, E. U.

2011-03-01

357

Reengineering the picture archiving and communication system (PACS) process for digital imaging networks PACS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Prior to June 1997, military picture archiving and communications systems (PACS) were planned, procured, and installed with\\u000a key decisions on the system, equipment, and even funding sources made through a research and development office called Medical\\u000a Diagnostic Imaging Systems (MDIS). Beginning in June 1997, the Joint Imaging Technology Project Office (JITPO) initiated a\\u000a collaborative and consultative process for planning and

Maria C. Horton; Thomas E. Lewis; Thomas V. Kinsey

1999-01-01

358

Business Process Modeling for developing Process Oriented IT Systems Track: Business Process Management Tools and Technologies  

E-print Network

challenges have been made to traditional business practices. Rapid market changes such as electronic commerceBusiness Process Modeling for developing Process Oriented IT Systems Track: Business Process, the paradigm of Business Process Management contrasts with traditional information system development, which

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

359

FAR-TECH's Nanoparticle Plasma Jet System and its Application to Disruptions, Deep Fueling, and Diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hyper-velocity plasma jets have potential applications in tokamaks for disruption mitigation, deep fueling and diagnostics. Pulsed power based solid-state sources and plasma accelerators offer advantages of rapid response and mass delivery at high velocities. Fast response is critical for some disruption mitigation scenario needs, while high velocity is especially important for penetration into tokamak plasma and its confining magnetic field, as in the case of deep fueling. FAR-TECH is developing the capability of producing large-mass hyper-velocity plasma jets. The prototype solid-state source has produced: 1) >8.4 mg of H2 gas only, and 2) >25 mg of H2 and >180 mg of C60 in a H2/C60 gas mixture. Using a coaxial plasma gun coupled to the source, we have successfully demonstrated the acceleration of composite H/C60 plasma jets, with momentum as high as 0.6 g.km/s, and containing an estimated C60 mass of ˜75 mg. We present the status of FAR-TECH's nanoparticle plasma jet system and discuss its application to disruptions, deep fueling, and diagnostics. A new TiH2/C60 solid-state source capable of generating significantly higher quantities of H2 and C60 in <0.5 ms will be discussed.

Thompson, J. R.; Bogatu, I. N.; Galkin, S. A.; Kim, J. S.

2012-10-01

360

Photoneutrino process in astrophysical systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Explicit expressions for the differential and total rates and emissivities of neutrino pairs from the photoneutrino process e±+??e±+?+?¯ in hot and dense matter are derived. Full information about the emitted neutrinos is retained by evaluating the squared matrix elements for this process which was hitherto bypassed through the use of Lenard’s identity in obtaining the total neutrino emissivities. Accurate numerical results are presented for widely varying conditions of temperature and density. Analytical results helpful in understanding the qualitative behaviors of the rates and emissivities in limiting situations are derived. The corresponding production and absorption kernels in the source term of the Boltzmann equation for neutrino transport are developed. The appropriate Legendre coefficients of these kernels, in forms suitable for multigroup flux-limited diffusion schemes, are also provided.

Dutta, Sharada Iyer; Ratkovi?, Saša; Prakash, Madappa

2004-01-01

361

Quantum cascade laser based monitoring of CF2 radical concentration as a diagnostic tool of dielectric etching plasma processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dielectric etching plasma processes for modern interlevel dielectrics become more and more complex by the introduction of new ultra low-k dielectrics. One challenge is the minimization of sidewall damage, while etching ultra low-k porous SiCOH by fluorocarbon plasmas. The optimization of this process requires a deeper understanding of the concentration of the CF2 radical, which acts as precursor in the polymerization of the etch sample surfaces. In an industrial dielectric etching plasma reactor, the CF2 radical was measured in situ using a continuous wave quantum cascade laser (cw-QCL) around 1106.2 cm-1. We measured Doppler-resolved ro-vibrational absorption lines and determined absolute densities using transitions in the ?3 fundamental band of CF2 with the aid of an improved simulation of the line strengths. We found that the CF2 radical concentration during the etching plasma process directly correlates to the layer structure of the etched wafer. Hence, this correlation can serve as a diagnostic tool of dielectric etching plasma processes. Applying QCL based absorption spectroscopy opens up the way for advanced process monitoring and etching controlling in semiconductor manufacturing.

Hübner, M.; Lang, N.; Zimmermann, S.; Schulz, S. E.; Buchholtz, W.; Röpcke, J.; van Helden, J. H.

2015-01-01

362

Vision Systems Illuminate Industrial Processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

When NASA designs a spacecraft to undertake a new mission, innovation does not stop after the design phase. In many cases, these spacecraft are firsts of their kind, requiring not only remarkable imagination and expertise in their conception but new technologies and methods for their manufacture. In the realm of manufacturing, NASA has from necessity worked on the cutting-edge, seeking new techniques and materials for creating unprecedented structures, as well as capabilities for reducing the cost and increasing the efficiency of existing manufacturing technologies. From friction stir welding enhancements (Spinoff 2009) to thermoset composites (Spinoff 2011), NASA s innovations in manufacturing have often transferred to the public in ways that enable the expansion of the Nation s industrial productivity. NASA has long pursued ways of improving upon and ensuring quality results from manufacturing processes ranging from arc welding to thermal coating applications. But many of these processes generate blinding light (hence the need for special eyewear during welding) that obscures the process while it is happening, making it difficult to monitor and evaluate. In the 1980s, NASA partnered with a company to develop technology to address this issue. Today, that collaboration has spawned multiple commercial products that not only support effective manufacturing for private industry but also may support NASA in the use of an exciting, rapidly growing field of manufacturing ideal for long-duration space missions.

2013-01-01

363

Information Processing Capacity of Dynamical Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many dynamical systems, both natural and artificial, are stimulated by time dependent external signals, somehow processing the information contained therein. We demonstrate how to quantify the different modes in which information can be processed by such systems and combine them to define the computational capacity of a dynamical system. This is bounded by the number of linearly independent state variables of the dynamical system, equaling it if the system obeys the fading memory condition. It can be interpreted as the total number of linearly independent functions of its stimuli the system can compute. Our theory combines concepts from machine learning (reservoir computing), system modeling, stochastic processes, and functional analysis. We illustrate our theory by numerical simulations for the logistic map, a recurrent neural network, and a two-dimensional reaction diffusion system, uncovering universal trade-offs between the non-linearity of the computation and the system's short-term memory.

Dambre, Joni; Verstraeten, David; Schrauwen, Benjamin; Massar, Serge

2012-07-01

364

Sensory-processing sensitivity in social anxiety disorder: Relationship to harm avoidance and diagnostic subtypes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sensory-processing sensitivity is assumed to be a heritable vulnerability factor for shyness. The present study is the first to examine sensory-processing sensitivity among individuals with social anxiety disorder. The results showed that the construct is separate from social anxiety, but it is highly correlated with harm avoidance and agoraphobic avoidance. Individuals with a generalized subtype of social anxiety disorder reported

Stefan G. Hofmann; Stella Bitran

2007-01-01

365

Clinical Data Miner: An Electronic Case Report Form System With Integrated Data Preprocessing and Machine-Learning Libraries Supporting Clinical Diagnostic Model Research  

PubMed Central

Background Using machine-learning techniques, clinical diagnostic model research extracts diagnostic models from patient data. Traditionally, patient data are often collected using electronic Case Report Form (eCRF) systems, while mathematical software is used for analyzing these data using machine-learning techniques. Due to the lack of integration between eCRF systems and mathematical software, extracting diagnostic models is a complex, error-prone process. Moreover, due to the complexity of this process, it is usually only performed once, after a predetermined number of data points have been collected, without insight into the predictive performance of the resulting models. Objective The objective of the study of Clinical Data Miner (CDM) software framework is to offer an eCRF system with integrated data preprocessing and machine-learning libraries, improving efficiency of the clinical diagnostic model research workflow, and to enable optimization of patient inclusion numbers through study performance monitoring. Methods The CDM software framework was developed using a test-driven development (TDD) approach, to ensure high software quality. Architecturally, CDM’s design is split over a number of modules, to ensure future extendability. Results The TDD approach has enabled us to deliver high software quality. CDM’s eCRF Web interface is in active use by the studies of the International Endometrial Tumor Analysis consortium, with over 4000 enrolled patients, and more studies planned. Additionally, a derived user interface has been used in six separate interrater agreement studies. CDM's integrated data preprocessing and machine-learning libraries simplify some otherwise manual and error-prone steps in the clinical diagnostic model research workflow. Furthermore, CDM's libraries provide study coordinators with a method to monitor a study's predictive performance as patient inclusions increase. Conclusions To our knowledge, CDM is the only eCRF system integrating data preprocessing and machine-learning libraries. This integration improves the efficiency of the clinical diagnostic model research workflow. Moreover, by simplifying the generation of learning curves, CDM enables study coordinators to assess more accurately when data collection can be terminated, resulting in better models or lower patient recruitment costs. PMID:25600863

Van den Bosch, Thierry; De Moor, Bart; Timmerman, Dirk

2014-01-01

366

Hypereosinophilia: A Diagnostic Dilemma  

PubMed Central

A case of hypereosinophilia is presented. The case illustrates the complexity of the diagnostic processes in certain conditions like hypereosinophilia. Keywords Hypereosinophilia; Myocarditis; Stroke PMID:21629546

Rehman, Habib Ur

2010-01-01

367

Microprocessor-based architecture for a modular process protection upgrade system  

SciTech Connect

The Westinghouse Process Protection Upgrade System (Eagle 21) is a functional replacement for the existing analog process protection equipment used to monitor nuclear generating stations and actuate the reactor trip and engineering safeguards systems as required. However, the Eagle 21 system does more than merely replace the existing analog hardware; it exploits the power of a functionally decentralized architecture with multiple independent microprocessorbased subsystems to increase plant availability, reduce test time, reduce reconfiguration time, and increase the amount of information available to the operator and to new diagnostic systems. The architecture of the system is described and the major benefits are highlighted.

Crew, A.W.; Blau, P.; Chambers, G.M.; Neuner, J.A.; Remley, G.W.; Sutherland, J.F.

1985-02-01

368

CONTROL STRUCTURE DESIGN IN PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEMS  

E-print Network

CONTROL STRUCTURE DESIGN IN PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEMS Karl Henrik Johansson Department of EECS of Automatic Control Lund University, Sweden tore@control.lth.se Abstract: The control configuration problem industrial control problems. Copyright c 2000 IFAC 1. INTRODUCTION Autonomy in process control systems

Johansson, Karl Henrik

369

Wireless network emulation for distributed processing systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

A formidable challenge for laboratory integration and testing of a wireless distributed processing system is establishing a representative wireless network for data communications. Realistic network performance is particularly necessary when system operation is sensitive to the throughput, delay, and reliability characteristics of a low-bandwidth ad hoc network. When the processing node data interfaces are actually radios with embedded networking protocols,

Robert J. Wellington; M. D. Kubischta

2003-01-01

370

Comparison of serum amyloid A and C-reactive protein as diagnostic markers of systemic inflammation in dogs  

PubMed Central

The diagnostic performance of canine serum amyloid A (SAA) was compared with that of C-reactive protein (CRP) in the detection of systemic inflammation in dogs. Sera from 500 dogs were retrospectively included in the study. C-reactive protein and SAA were measured using validated automated assays. The overlap performance, clinical decision limits, overall diagnostic performance, correlations, and agreement in the clinical classification between these 2 diagnostic markers were compared. Significantly higher concentrations of both proteins were detected in dogs with systemic inflammation (SAA range: 48.75 to > 2700 mg/L; CRP range: 0.4 to 907.4 mg/L) compared to dogs without systemic inflammation (SAA range: 1.06 to 56.4 mg/L; CRP range: 0.07 to 24.7 mg/L). Both proteins were shown to be sensitive and specific markers of systemic inflammation in dogs. Significant correlations and excellent diagnostic agreement were observed between the 2 markers. However, SAA showed a wider range of concentrations and a significantly superior overall diagnostic performance compared with CRP. PMID:24489396

Christensen, Michelle B.; Langhorn, Rebecca; Goddard, Amelia; Andreasen, Eva B.; Moldal, Elena; Tvarijonaviciute, Asta; Kirpensteijn, Jolle; Jakobsen, Sabrina; Persson, Frida; Kjelgaard-Hansen, Mads

2014-01-01

371

Comparison of serum amyloid A and C-reactive protein as diagnostic markers of systemic inflammation in dogs.  

PubMed

The diagnostic performance of canine serum amyloid A (SAA) was compared with that of C-reactive protein (CRP) in the detection of systemic inflammation in dogs. Sera from 500 dogs were retrospectively included in the study. C-reactive protein and SAA were measured using validated automated assays. The overlap performance, clinical decision limits, overall diagnostic performance, correlations, and agreement in the clinical classification between these 2 diagnostic markers were compared. Significantly higher concentrations of both proteins were detected in dogs with systemic inflammation (SAA range: 48.75 to > 2700 mg/L; CRP range: 0.4 to 907.4 mg/L) compared to dogs without systemic inflammation (SAA range: 1.06 to 56.4 mg/L; CRP range: 0.07 to 24.7 mg/L). Both proteins were shown to be sensitive and specific markers of systemic inflammation in dogs. Significant correlations and excellent diagnostic agreement were observed between the 2 markers. However, SAA showed a wider range of concentrations and a significantly superior overall diagnostic performance compared with CRP. PMID:24489396

Christensen, Michelle B; Langhorn, Rebecca; Goddard, Amelia; Andreasen, Eva B; Moldal, Elena; Tvarijonaviciute, Asta; Kirpensteijn, Jolle; Jakobsen, Sabrina; Persson, Frida; Kjelgaard-Hansen, Mads

2014-02-01

372

LEADER - An integrated engine behavior and design analyses based real-time fault diagnostic expert system for Space Shuttle Main Engine (SSME)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The LEADER expert system has been developed for automatic learning tasks encompassing real-time detection, identification, verification, and correction of anomalous propulsion system operations, using a set of sensors to monitor engine component performance to ascertain anomalies in engine dynamics and behavior. Two diagnostic approaches are embodied in LEADER's architecture: (1) learning and identifying engine behavior patterns to generate novel hypotheses about possible abnormalities, and (2) the direction of engine sensor data processing to perform resoning based on engine design and functional knowledge, as well as the principles of the relevant mechanics and physics.

Gupta, U. K.; Ali, M.

1989-01-01

373

Gaussian process based recursive system identification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is concerned with the problem of recursive system identification using nonparametric Gaussian process model. Non-linear stochastic system in consideration is affine in control and given in the input-output form. The use of recursive Gaussian process algorithm for non-linear system identification is proposed to alleviate the computational burden of full Gaussian process. The problem of an online hyper-parameter estimation is handled using proposed ad-hoc procedure. The approach to system identification using recursive Gaussian process is compared with full Gaussian process in terms of model error and uncertainty as well as computational demands. Using Monte Carlo simulations it is shown, that the use of recursive Gaussian process with an ad-hoc learning procedure offers converging estimates of hyper-parameters and constant computational demands.

Prüher, Jakub; Šimandl, Miroslav

2014-12-01

374

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING, VOL. 45, NO. 6, JUNE 1998 783 An Automatic Diagnostic System for CT Liver  

E-print Network

System for CT Liver Image Classification E-Liang Chen, Pau-Choo Chung,* Member, IEEE, Ching-Liang Chen been widely used for liver disease diagnosis. Designing and developing computer-assisted image the past years. In this paper, a CT liver image diagnostic classification system is presented which

Chang, Chein-I

375

Four-hour processing of clinical/diagnostic specimens for electron microscopy using microwave technique.  

PubMed

A protocol for routine 4-hour microwave tissue processing of clinical or other samples for electron microscopy was developed. Specimens are processed by using a temperature-restrictive probe that can be set to automatically cycle the magnetron to maintain any designated temperature restriction (temperature maximum). In addition, specimen processing during fixation is performed in 1.7-ml microcentrifuge tubes followed by subsequent processing in flow-through baskets. Quality control is made possible during each step through the addition of an RS232 port to the microwave, allowing direct connection of the microwave oven to any personal computer. The software provided with the temperature probe enables the user to monitor time and temperature on a real-time basis. Tissue specimens, goat placenta, mouse liver, mouse kidney, and deer esophagus were processed by conventional and microwave techniques in this study. In all instances, the results for the microwave-processed samples were equal to or better than those achieved by routine processing techniques. PMID:9087927

Giberson, R T; Demaree, R S; Nordhausen, R W

1997-01-01

376

Propellant injection systems and processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The previous 'Art of Injector Design' is maturing and merging with the more systematic 'Science of Combustion Device Analysis.' This technology can be based upon observation, correlation, experimentation and ultimately analytical modeling based upon basic engineering principles. This methodology is more systematic and far superior to the historical injector design process of 'Trial and Error' or blindly 'Copying Past Successes.' The benefit of such an approach is to be able to rank candidate design concepts for relative probability of success or technical risk in all the important combustion device design requirements and combustion process development risk categories before committing to an engine development program. Even if a single analytical design concept cannot be developed to predict satisfying all requirements simultaneously, a series of risk mitigation key enabling technologies can be identified for early resolution. Lower cost subscale or laboratory experimentation to demonstrate proof of principle, critical instrumentation requirements, and design discriminating test plans can be developed based on the physical insight provided by these analyses.

Ito, Jackson I.

1995-01-01

377

IMAGES: An interactive image processing system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The IMAGES interactive image processing system was created specifically for undergraduate remote sensing education in geography. The system is interactive, relatively inexpensive to operate, almost hardware independent, and responsive to numerous users at one time in a time-sharing mode. Most important, it provides a medium whereby theoretical remote sensing principles discussed in lecture may be reinforced in laboratory as students perform computer-assisted image processing. In addition to its use in academic and short course environments, the system has also been used extensively to conduct basic image processing research. The flow of information through the system is discussed including an overview of the programs.

Jensen, J. R.

1981-01-01

378

Serum biomarkers reflecting specific tumor tissue remodeling processes are valuable diagnostic tools for lung cancer  

PubMed Central

Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, such as collagen type I and elastin, and intermediate filament (IMF) proteins, such as vimentin are modified and dysregulated as part of the malignant changes leading to disruption of tissue homeostasis. Noninvasive biomarkers that reflect such changes may have a great potential for cancer. Levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) generated fragments of type I collagen (C1M), of elastin (ELM), and of citrullinated vimentin (VICM) were measured in serum from patients with lung cancer (n = 40), gastrointestinal cancer (n = 25), prostate cancer (n = 14), malignant melanoma (n = 7), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (n = 13), and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) (n = 10), as well as in age-matched controls (n = 33). The area under the receiver operating characteristics (AUROC) was calculated and a diagnostic decision tree generated from specific cutoff values. C1M and VICM were significantly elevated in lung cancer patients as compared with healthy controls (AUROC = 0.98, P < 0.0001) and other cancers (AUROC = 0.83 P < 0.0001). A trend was detected when comparing lung cancer with COPD+IPF. No difference could be seen for ELM. Interestingly, C1M and VICM were able to identify patients with lung cancer with a positive predictive value of 0.9 and an odds ratio of 40 (95% CI = 8.7–186, P < 0.0001). Biomarkers specifically reflecting degradation of collagen type I and citrullinated vimentin are applicable for lung cancer patients. Our data indicate that biomarkers reflecting ECM and IMF protein dysregulation are highly applicable in the lung cancer setting. We speculate that these markers may aid in diagnosing and characterizing patients with lung cancer. PMID:25044252

Willumsen, Nicholas; Bager, Cecilie L; Leeming, Diana J; Smith, Victoria; Christiansen, Claus; Karsdal, Morten A; Dornan, David; Bay-Jensen, Anne-Christine

2014-01-01

379

Serum biomarkers reflecting specific tumor tissue remodeling processes are valuable diagnostic tools for lung cancer.  

PubMed

Extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, such as collagen type I and elastin, and intermediate filament (IMF) proteins, such as vimentin are modified and dysregulated as part of the malignant changes leading to disruption of tissue homeostasis. Noninvasive biomarkers that reflect such changes may have a great potential for cancer. Levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) generated fragments of type I collagen (C1M), of elastin (ELM), and of citrullinated vimentin (VICM) were measured in serum from patients with lung cancer (n = 40), gastrointestinal cancer (n = 25), prostate cancer (n = 14), malignant melanoma (n = 7), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (n = 13), and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) (n = 10), as well as in age-matched controls (n = 33). The area under the receiver operating characteristics (AUROC) was calculated and a diagnostic decision tree generated from specific cutoff values. C1M and VICM were significantly elevated in lung cancer patients as compared with healthy controls (AUROC = 0.98, P < 0.0001) and other cancers (AUROC = 0.83 P < 0.0001). A trend was detected when comparing lung cancer with COPD+IPF. No difference could be seen for ELM. Interestingly, C1M and VICM were able to identify patients with lung cancer with a positive predictive value of 0.9 and an odds ratio of 40 (95% CI = 8.7-186, P < 0.0001). Biomarkers specifically reflecting degradation of collagen type I and citrullinated vimentin are applicable for lung cancer patients. Our data indicate that biomarkers reflecting ECM and IMF protein dysregulation are highly applicable in the lung cancer setting. We speculate that these markers may aid in diagnosing and characterizing patients with lung cancer. PMID:25044252

Willumsen, Nicholas; Bager, Cecilie L; Leeming, Diana J; Smith, Victoria; Christiansen, Claus; Karsdal, Morten A; Dornan, David; Bay-Jensen, Anne-Christine

2014-10-01

380

NASA Glenn Research in Controls and Diagnostics for Intelligent Aerospace Propulsion Systems  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

With the increased emphasis on aircraft safety, enhanced performance and affordability, and the need to reduce the environmental impact of aircraft, there are many new challenges being faced by the designers of aircraft propulsion systems. Also the propulsion systems required to enable the NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) Vision for Space Exploration in an affordable manner will need to have high reliability, safety and autonomous operation capability. The Controls and Dynamics Branch at NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) in Cleveland, Ohio, is leading and participating in various projects in partnership with other organizations within GRC and across NASA, the U.S. aerospace industry, and academia to develop advanced controls and health management technologies that will help meet these challenges through the concept of Intelligent Propulsion Systems. The key enabling technologies for an Intelligent Propulsion System are the increased efficiencies of components through active control, advanced diagnostics and prognostics integrated with intelligent engine control to enhance operational reliability and component life, and distributed control with smart sensors and actuators in an adaptive fault tolerant architecture. This paper describes the current activities of the Controls and Dynamics Branch in the areas of active component control and propulsion system intelligent control, and presents some recent analytical and experimental results in these areas.

2005-01-01

381

Demonstration tests of new burner diagnostic system on a 650 MW coal-fired utility boiler  

SciTech Connect

Forney Corporation, MK Engineering (MKE) and NYSEG jointly conducted extensive testing of a new Burner Diagnostic System (BDS) based on analysis of flame turbulence in the burner ignition zone. Tests were conducted on the 700 MW coal-fired unit at NYSEG Kintigh Station with the objective to evaluate the new system`s capabilities and its potential for improvements in combustion efficiency and NO{sub x} reduction. The overall objectives in creating this new product included the following: develop and test a set of advanced algorithms correlating flame signatures with combustion parameters, such as air-fuel ratio, combustion efficiency, flame stability, CO and NO{sub x} emissions; develop a new generation of flame sensors with improved flame detection and burner management capabilities; develop new advanced combustion optimization strategies and systems, and to equip the operator with an effective new tool to improve combustion performance; and evaluate the new system feasibility and to compare the data with results of the NYSEG`s SMG-10 application (which provides precision measurements of coal and primary air flows to each burner).

Khesin, M. [MK Engineering, N. Andover, MA (United States); Quenan, D.; Jesikiewicz, T.; Kenien, D. [NYSEG, Barker, NY (United States); Girvan, R. [Forney Corp., Carrollton, TX (United States)

1997-09-01

382

An upgrade of the magnetic diagnostic system of the DIII-D tokamak for non-axisymmetric measurements  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The DIII-D tokamak magnetic diagnostic system [E. J. Strait, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 77, 023502 (2006)] has been upgraded to significantly expand the measurement of the plasma response to intrinsic and applied non-axisymmetric "3D" fields. The placement and design of 101 additional sensors allow resolution of toroidal mode numbers 1 ? n ? 3, and poloidal wavelengths smaller than MARS-F, IPEC, and VMEC magnetohydrodynamic model predictions. Small 3D perturbations, relative to the equilibrium field (10-5 < ?B/B0 < 10-4), require sub-millimeter fabrication and installation tolerances. This high precision is achieved using electrical discharge machined components, and alignment techniques employing rotary laser levels and a coordinate measurement machine. A 16-bit data acquisition system is used in conjunction with analog signal-processing to recover non-axisymmetric perturbations. Co-located radial and poloidal field measurements allow up to 14.2 cm spatial resolution of poloidal structures (plasma poloidal circumference is ˜500 cm). The function of the new system is verified by comparing the rotating tearing mode structure, measured by 14 BP fluctuation sensors, with that measured by the upgraded BR saddle loop sensors after the mode locks to the vessel wall. The result is a nearly identical 2/1 helical eigenstructure in both cases.

King, J. D.; Strait, E. J.; Boivin, R. L.; Taussig, D.; Watkins, M. G.; Hanson, J. M.; Logan, N. C.; Paz-Soldan, C.; Pace, D. C.; Shiraki, D.; Lanctot, M. J.; La Haye, R. J.; Lao, L. L.; Battaglia, D. J.; Sontag, A. C.; Haskey, S. R.; Bak, J. G.

2014-08-01

383

Intestinal pseudo-obstruction in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: A real diagnostic challenge  

PubMed Central

Intestinal pseudo-obstruction secondary to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a rare syndrome described in recent decades. There are slightly over 30 published cases in the English language literature, primarily associated with renal and hematological disease activity. Its presentation and evolution are a diagnostic challenge for the clinician. We present four cases of intestinal pseudo-obstruction due to lupus in young Mexican females. One patient had a previous diagnosis of SLE and all presented with a urinary tract infection of varying degrees of severity during their evolution. We consider that recognition of the disease is of vital importance because it allows for establishing appropriate management, leading to a better prognosis and avoiding unnecessary surgery and complications. PMID:25170234

García López, Carlos Alberto; Laredo-Sánchez, Fernando; Malagón-Rangel, José; Flores-Padilla, Miguel G; Nellen-Hummel, Haiko

2014-01-01

384

Anatomic and Diagnostic Challenges of C-Shaped Root Canal System  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT Successful root canal treatment depends on the thorough management of the canal anatomy. The use of periapical radiographs is essential to identify and monitor the canal's morphological variations. The C-shaped single canaled man-dibular 2nd molar probably requires a different regimen of treatment from the two rooted, three canaled version, as it is rare. Because of the importance of its true diagnosis and treatment, a comprehensive review of published information and investigations about it in addition to approaches for its treatment is necessary. In this article, a detailed review and three case reports with different C-shaped canal configurations have been described which were successfully negotiated, pre­pared and obturated. How to cite this article: Raisingani D, Gupta S, Mital P, Khullar P. Anatomic and Diagnostic Challenges of C-Shaped Root Canal System. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2014;7(1):35-39. PMID:25206235

Raisingani, Deepak; Gupta, Shailendra; Mital, Prachi

2014-01-01

385

Data Processing and Analysis Systems for JT-60U  

SciTech Connect

The JT-60U data processing system is a large computer complex gradually modernized by utilizing progressive computer and network technology. A main computer using state-of-the-art CMOS technology can handle {approx}550 MB of data per discharge. A gigabit ethernet switch with FDDI ports has been introduced to cope with the increase of handling data. Workstation systems with VMEbus serial highway drivers for CAMAC have been developed and used to replace many minicomputer systems. VMEbus-based fast data acquisition systems have also been developed to enlarge and replace a minicomputer system for mass data.The JT-60U data analysis system is composed of a JT-60U database server and a JT-60U analysis server, which are distributed UNIX servers. The experimental database is stored in the 1TB RAID disk of the JT-60U database server and is composed of ZENKEI and diagnostic databases. Various data analysis tools are available on the JT-60U analysis server. For the remote collaboration, technical features of the data analysis system have been applied to the computer system to access JT-60U data via the Internet. Remote participation in JT-60U experiments has been successfully conducted since 1996.

Matsuda, T.; Totsuka, T.; Tsugita, T.; Oshima, T.; Sakata, S.; Sato, M.; Iwasaki, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute (Japan)

2002-09-15

386

Design and fabrication of a multi-purpose soft x-ray array diagnostic system for KSTAR  

SciTech Connect

A multi-purpose soft x-ray array diagnostic system was developed for measuring two-dimensional x-ray emissivity profile, electron temperature, Ar impurity transport, and total radiation power. A remotely controlled filter wheel was designed with three different choices of filters. The electron temperature profile can be determined from the ratio of two channels having different thickness of Be layer, and the Ar impurity concentration transport can be determined from a pair of Ar Ross filters (CaF{sub 2} and NaCl thin films). Without any filters, this diagnostic system can also be used as a bolometer.

Lee, Seung Hun; Chai, Kil Byoung; Jang, Siwon; Choe, Wonho [Department of Physics, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology 291 Daehak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-701 (Korea, Republic of); Ko, Won-Ha; Kim, Junghee; Seo, Dongcheol; Lee, Jongha [National Fusion Research Institute, 169-148 Gwahak-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-806 (Korea, Republic of); Bogatu, I. N.; Kim, Jin-Soo [FAR-TECH, Inc., 10350 Science Center Drive, Building 14, Suite 150, San Diego, California 92121-1136 (United States)

2012-10-15

387

Quantitative measures for assessing functional state of the human body during the diagnostic process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central nervous, endocrine, and immune systems integrate biological structures of the human body into a unified system providing targetoriented functions of human body adaptation to the environment, minimiza? tion of energy and social losses (inner and external metabolism) during human body evolution to homeosta? sis or an attractor. Selforganization adaptation to exter? nal (therapeutic) factors activates positive and negative feedback

M. V. Artemenko

2008-01-01

388

Use of stratospheric aerosol properties as diagnostics of Antarctic vortex processes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Physical properties of the stratospheric aerosol population are inferred from cloud-free SAGE II multiwavelength extinction measurements in the Antarctic during late summer (February/March) and spring (September/October, November). Seasonal changes in these properties are used to infer physical processes occurring in the Antarctic stratosphere over the course of the winter. The analysis suggests that the apparent springtime cleansing of the Antarctic stratosphere is the result of aerosol redistribution through subsidence of the polar vortex air mass and sedimentation of large polar stratospheric cloud particles. The analysis also suggests that vortex processes are responsible for a significant downward transport of aerosol through the tropopause.

Thomason, Larry W.; Poole, Lamont R.

1993-01-01

389

Study of a CW, two-dimensional Thomson scattering diagnostic system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe an approach to Thomson scattering diagnostic that relies upon a high power CW laser cavity and a rf signal detection technique, instead of the more usual pulsed high energy laser. The system has three major elements: an ultra long (˜150 m) laser resonance cavity that includes the plasma region; an array of CW diode lasers of high power and high modulation frequency that pumps and maintains the average cavity energy (˜10 mJ); and a lock-in detection system of narrow frequency bandwidth (˜2 kHz). The resonance cavity consists of a pumping chamber for power input from diode lasers, and many relay chambers (˜30) distributed across the plasma cross section for Thomson measurement. The cavity has a low energy loss (˜2% round trip) and zero output power. It is estimated that signal-to-noise of the system is ˜100 times better than the present pulsed system on DIII-D Tokamak due to the increase in usable laser energy and the improved background signal rejection.

Hsieh, C. L.; Bray, B. D.; Liu, C.

2004-10-01

390

ECOSTATIC CANE PROCESSING SYSTEM PROTOTYPE PHASE  

EPA Science Inventory

The overall objective of this project was to demonstrate a systems environmental management approach, from field to final product, for the processing of raw cane sugar. Specific sub-systems which were to be developed and demonstrated as part of this systems approach were: (a) har...

391

Combined expert system/neural networks method for process fault diagnosis  

DOEpatents

A two-level hierarchical approach for process fault diagnosis of an operating system employs a function-oriented approach at a first level and a component characteristic-oriented approach at a second level, where the decision-making procedure is structured in order of decreasing intelligence with increasing precision. At the first level, the diagnostic method is general and has knowledge of the overall process including a wide variety of plant transients and the functional behavior of the process components. An expert system classifies malfunctions by function to narrow the diagnostic focus to a particular set of possible faulty components that could be responsible for the detected functional misbehavior of the operating system. At the second level, the diagnostic method limits its scope to component malfunctions, using more detailed knowledge of component characteristics. Trained artificial neural networks are used to further narrow the diagnosis and to uniquely identify the faulty component by classifying the abnormal condition data as a failure of one of the hypothesized components through component characteristics. Once an anomaly is detected, the hierarchical structure is used to successively narrow the diagnostic focus from a function misbehavior, i.e., a function oriented approach, until the fault can be determined, i.e., a component characteristic-oriented approach. 9 figs.

Reifman, J.; Wei, T.Y.C.

1995-08-15

392

Combined expert system/neural networks method for process fault diagnosis  

DOEpatents

A two-level hierarchical approach for process fault diagnosis is an operating system employs a function-oriented approach at a first level and a component characteristic-oriented approach at a second level, where the decision-making procedure is structured in order of decreasing intelligence with increasing precision. At the first level, the diagnostic method is general and has knowledge of the overall process including a wide variety of plant transients and the functional behavior of the process components. An expert system classifies malfunctions by function to narrow the diagnostic focus to a particular set of possible faulty components that could be responsible for the detected functional misbehavior of the operating system. At the second level, the diagnostic method limits its scope to component malfunctions, using more detailed knowledge of component characteristics. Trained artificial neural networks are used to further narrow the diagnosis and to uniquely identify the faulty component by classifying the abnormal condition data as a failure of one of the hypothesized components through component characteristics. Once an anomaly is detected, the hierarchical structure is used to successively narrow the diagnostic focus from a function misbehavior, i.e., a function oriented approach, until the fault can be determined, i.e., a component characteristic-oriented approach.

Reifman, Jaques (Westchester, IL); Wei, Thomas Y. C. (Downers Grove, IL)

1995-01-01

393

Short-Term Memory and Auditory Processing Disorders: Concurrent Validity and Clinical Diagnostic Markers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Auditory processing disorders (APDs) are of interest to educators and clinicians, as they impact school functioning. Little work has been completed to demonstrate how children with APDs perform on clinical tests. In a series of studies, standard clinical (psychometric) tests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition…

Maerlender, Arthur

2010-01-01

394

Handbook on COMTAL's Image Processing System  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An image processing system is the combination of an image processor with other control and display devices plus the necessary software needed to produce an interactive capability to analyze and enhance image data. Such an image processing system installed at NASA Langley Research Center, Instrument Research Division, Acoustics and Vibration Instrumentation Section (AVIS) is described. Although much of the information contained herein can be found in the other references, it is hoped that this single handbook will give the user better access, in concise form, to pertinent information and usage of the image processing system.

Faulcon, N. D.

1983-01-01

395

Use of stratospheric aerosol properties as diagnostics of Antarctic vortex processes  

SciTech Connect

Physical properties of the stratospheric aerosol population are inferred from cloud-free SAGE II multiwavelength extinction measurements in the Antarctic during late summer (February/March) and spring (September/October, November). Seasonal changes in these properties are used to infer physical processes occurring in the Antarctic stratosphere over the course of the winter. The analysis suggests that the apparent springtime cleansing of the Antarctic stratosphere is the result of aerosol redistribution through subsidence of the polar vortex air mass and sedimentation of large polar stratospheric cloud particles. The analysis also suggests that vortex processes are responsible for a significant downward transport of aerosol through the tropopause. 44 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

Thomason, L.W.; Poole, L.R. [NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA (United States)

1993-12-20

396

Web Service Model for Plasma Simulations with Automatic Post Processing and Generation of Visual Diagnostics  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present our design and initial implementation of a web service model for running particle-in-cell (PIC) codes remotely from a web browser interface. PIC codes have grown significantly in complexity and now often require parallel execution on multiprocessor computers, which in turn requires sophisticated post-processing and data analysis. A significant amount of time and effort is required for a physicist

J. Exby; R. Busby; D. A. Dimitrov; D. Bruhwiler; J. R. Cary

2003-01-01

397

Use of stratospheric aerosol properties as diagnostics of Antarctic vortex processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physical properties of the stratospheric aerosol population are inferred from cloud-free SAGE II multiwavelength extinction measurements in the Antarctic during late summer (February\\/March) and spring (September\\/October, November). Seasonal changes in these properties are used to infer physical processes occurring in the Antarctic stratosphere over the course of the winter. The analysis suggests that the apparent springtime cleansing of the Antarctic

Larry W. Thomason; Lamont R. Poole

1993-01-01

398

Summary and early findings from a second generation information monitoring and diagnostic system  

SciTech Connect

Private sector commercial office buildings are challenging environments for energy efficiency projects. This challenge is related to the complexity of business environments that involve ownership, operation, and tenant relationships. This research project was developed to examine the environment for building operations and identify causes of inefficient use of energy related to technical and organizational issues. This paper discusses a second-generation Information Monitoring and Diagnostic System (IMDS) installed at a leased office building in Sacramento, California. The underlying principle of this project is that high quality building performance data can help show where energy is being used and how buildings systems actually perform. Such data are an important first step toward improving building energy efficiency. This project has demonstrated that the IMDS is valuable to the building operators at the Sacramento site. The building operators not only accept the technology, but it has become the core of their day-to-day building control concepts. One objective of this project was to evaluate the costs and benefits of the IMDS. The system cost about $0.70 per square foot, which includes the design, hardware, software, and installation, which is about 30% less than the previous IMDS in San Francisco. A number of operational problems have been identified with the IMDS.

Piette, Mary Ann; Kinney, Satkartar; Bourassa, Norman; Kinney, Kristopher L.; Shockman, Christine

2003-04-02

399

The Comprehensive AOCMF Classification System: Fracture Case Collection, Diagnostic Imaging Work Up, AOCOIAC Iconography and Coding.  

PubMed

The AO classification system for fractures in the adult craniomaxillofacial (CMF) skeleton is organized in anatomic modules in a 3 precision-level hierarchy with account for an increasing complexity and details. Level-1 is most elementary and identifies no more than the presence of fractures in 4 separate anatomical units: the mandible (code 91), midface (92), skull base (93) and cranial vault (94). Level-2 relates the detailed topographic location of the fractures within defined regions of the mandible, central and lateral midface, internal orbit, endo- and exocranial skull base, and the cranial vault. Level-3 is based on an even more refined topographic assessment and focuses on the morphology - fragmentation, displacement, and bone defects - within specified subregions. An electronic fracture case collection complements the preceding tutorial papers, which explain the features and options of the AOCMF classification system in this issue of the Journal. The electronic case collection demonstrates a range of representative osseous CMF injuries on the basis of diagnostic images, narrative descriptions of the fracture diagnosis and their classification using the icons for illustration and coding of a dedicated software AOCOIAC (AO Comprehensive Injury Automatic Classifier). Ninety four case examples are listed in two tables for a fast overview of the electronic content. Each case can serve as a guide to getting started with the new AOCMF classification system using AOCOIAC software and to employ it in the own clinical practice. PMID:25489397

Cornelius, Carl-Peter; Kunz, Christoph; Neff, Andreas; Kellman, Robert M; Prein, Joachim; Audigé, Laurent

2014-12-01

400

On-ground tests of LISA PathFinder thermal diagnostics system  

E-print Network

Thermal conditions in the LTP, the LISA Technology Package, are required to be very stable, and in such environment precision temperature measurements are also required for various diagnostics objectives. A sensitive temperature gauging system for the LTP is being developed at IEEC, which includes a set of thermistors and associated electronics. In this paper we discuss the derived requirements applying to the temperature sensing system, and address the problem of how to create in the laboratory a thermally quiet environment, suitable to perform meaningful on-ground tests of the system. The concept is a two layer spherical body, with a central aluminium core for sensor implantation surrounded by a layer of polyurethane. We construct the insulator transfer function, which relates the temperature at the core with the laboratory ambient temperature, and evaluate the losses caused by heat leakage through connecting wires. The results of the analysis indicate that, in spite of the very demanding stability conditions, a sphere of outer diameter of the order one metre is sufficient. We provide experimental evidence confirming the model predictions.

Alberto Lobo; Miquel Nofrarias; Juan Ramos-Castro; Josep Sanjuan

2006-03-26

401

Design and Performance of the Compact YAG Imaging System for Diagnostics at GMCA Beamlines at APS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A compact YAG (Chromium Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet — Cr4+:YAG) imaging system has been designed as a diagnostic tool for monochromatic x-rays emanating from the first "Hard" x-ray dual-canted undulator at the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory. This imaging system consists of a flat YAG crystal, right angle prism/mirror, video camera and monitor. A flat YAG crystal with a diameter of 10 mm has been installed in vacuum and positioned downstream of the monochromator of the insertion device beamline. Another 20 mm diameter YAG crystal has been installed in vacuum after the horizontal deflecting mirrors of the second insertion device beamline. CCD cameras are mounted in air close to the window of the vacuum ports to image the fluorescence of the YAG crystals. An additional 25 mm diameter YAG crystal has been used for K-B (Kirkpatrick-Baez) mirror focusing and beamline alignment. These YAG imaging systems have greatly facilitated beamline commissioning as well as sample alignment to the x-ray beam in the macromolecular crystallography endstation. An overview of the optics design, mechanical design and the performance of these devices will be presented in the paper.

Xu, Shenglan; Fischetti, Robert F.; Benn, Richard; Corcoran, Stephen

2007-01-01

402

On-ground tests of the LISAPathFinder thermal diagnostics system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal conditions in the LTP, the LISA Technology Package, are required to be very stable, and in such environments precision temperature measurements are also required for various diagnostics objectives. A sensitive temperature gauging system for the LTP is being developed at IEEC, which includes a set of thermistors and associated electronics. In this paper, we discuss the derived requirements applying to the temperature sensing system, and address the problem of how to create in the laboratory a thermally quiet environment, suitable for performing meaningful on-ground tests of the system. The concept is a two-layer spherical body, with a central aluminium core for sensor implantation surrounded by a layer of polyurethane. We construct the insulator transfer function, which relates the temperature at the core to the laboratory ambient temperature, and evaluate the losses caused by heat leakage through connecting wires. The results of the analysis indicate that, in spite of the very demanding stability conditions, a sphere of outer diameter of the order 1 m is sufficient. We provide experimental evidence confirming the model predictions.

Lobo, A.; Nofrarias, M.; Ramos-Castro, J.; Sanjuán, J.

2006-09-01

403

Clinical Cognition and Diagnostic Error: Applications of a Dual Process Model of Reasoning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Both systemic and individual factors contribute to missed or delayed diagnoses. Among the multiple factors that impact clinical performance of the individual, the caliber of cognition is perhaps the most relevant and deserves our attention and understanding. In the last few decades, cognitive psychologists have gained substantial insights into the…

Croskerry, Pat

2009-01-01

404

Natural Language Processing and Systems Biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter outlines the basic families of applications of natural language processing techniques to questions of interest\\u000a to systems biologists and describes publicly available resources for such applications.

K. Bretonnel Cohen; Lawrence Hunter

405

Vehicle Processing Readiness Course: Fluid Systems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center presents a vehicle processing readiness course on fluid systems. Topics include units of measure, definitions, hydraulics and cryogenics.

Fletcher, Bill

2010-10-25

406

Rocket engine plume diagnostics using video digitization and image processing - Analysis of start-up  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Video digitization techniques have been developed to analyze the exhaust plume of the Space Shuttle Main Engine. Temporal averaging and a frame-by-frame analysis provide data used to evaluate the capabilities of image processing techniques for use as measurement tools. Capabilities include the determination of the necessary time requirement for the Mach disk to obtain a fully-developed state. Other results show the Mach disk tracks the nozzle for short time intervals, and that dominate frequencies exist for the nozzle and Mach disk movement.

Disimile, P. J.; Shoe, B.; Dhawan, A. P.

1991-01-01

407

Neutron diagnostic for MTX  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A neutron diagnostic system has been installed on the MTX tokamak. The diagnostic will be used to measure both the peak ion temperature and the ion response to intense free-electron laser microwave pulses (140-250 GHz, 1-8 GW, 20-50 ns). High-speed measurements are important for studying the intense microwave absorption process. A plastic scintillator with a polymer-clad silica bundle is used for fast time response detection. Five-channel proportional counters and fission counters are used to monitor the neutron yield for a source strength from 108 to 1013 n/s. This sytem has been calibrated with a 252Cf neutron source in the vacuum vessel and is being tested using the MTX ohmic plasma.

Ogawa, T.; Oasa, K.; Hoshino, K.; Odajima, K.; Maeda, H.

1990-10-01

408

A plasma process monitor/control system  

SciTech Connect

Sandia National Laboratories has developed a system to monitor plasma processes for control of industrial applications. The system is designed to act as a fully automated, sand-alone process monitor during printed wiring board and semiconductor production runs. The monitor routinely performs data collection, analysis, process identification, and error detection/correction without the need for human intervention. The monitor can also be used in research mode to allow process engineers to gather additional information about plasma processes. The plasma monitor can perform real-time control of support systems known to influence plasma behavior. The monitor can also signal personnel to modify plasma parameters when the system is operating outside of desired specifications and requires human assistance. A notification protocol can be selected for conditions detected in the plasma process. The Plasma Process Monitor/Control System consists of a computer running software developed by Sandia National Laboratories, a commercially available spectrophotometer equipped with a charge-coupled device camera, an input/output device, and a fiber optic cable.

Stevenson, J.O.; Ward, P.P.; Smith, M.L. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Markle, R.J. [Advanced Micro Devices, Inc., Austin, TX (United States)

1997-08-01

409

Parallel asynchronous systems and image processing algorithms  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A new hardware approach to implementation of image processing algorithms is described. The approach is based on silicon devices which would permit an independent analog processing channel to be dedicated to evey pixel. A laminar architecture consisting of a stack of planar arrays of the device would form a two-dimensional array processor with a 2-D array of inputs located directly behind a focal plane detector array. A 2-D image data stream would propagate in neuronlike asynchronous pulse coded form through the laminar processor. Such systems would integrate image acquisition and image processing. Acquisition and processing would be performed concurrently as in natural vision systems. The research is aimed at implementation of algorithms, such as the intensity dependent summation algorithm and pyramid processing structures, which are motivated by the operation of natural vision systems. Implementation of natural vision algorithms would benefit from the use of neuronlike information coding and the laminar, 2-D parallel, vision system type architecture. Besides providing a neural network framework for implementation of natural vision algorithms, a 2-D parallel approach could eliminate the serial bottleneck of conventional processing systems. Conversion to serial format would occur only after raw intensity data has been substantially processed. An interesting challenge arises from the fact that the mathematical formulation of natural vision algorithms does not specify the means of implementation, so that hardware implementation poses intriguing questions involving vision science.

Coon, D. D.; Perera, A. G. U.

1989-01-01

410

Parallel processing in power systems computation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The availability of parallel processing hardware and software presents an opportunity and a challenge to apply this new computation technology to solve power system problems. The allure of parallel processing is that this technology has the potential to be cost effectively used on computationally intense problems. The objective of this paper is to define the state of the art and

D. J. Tylavsky; A. Bose; F. Alvarado; R. Betancourt; K. Clements; G. T. Heydt; G. Huang; M. Ilic; M. La Scala; M. A. Pai

1992-01-01

411

Teaching Information Systems Development via Process Variants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Acquiring the knowledge to assemble an integrated Information System (IS) development process that is tailored to the specific needs of a project has become increasingly important. It is therefore necessary for educators to impart to students this crucial skill. However, Situational Method Engineering (SME) is an inherently complex process that…

Tan, Wee-Kek; Tan, Chuan-Hoo

2010-01-01

412

Radiochemistry as a (rho)R Diagnostic with the RAGS Gas Collection System  

SciTech Connect

Radiochemical diagnostic techniques such as gas-phase capsule debris analysis may prove to be successful methods for establishing the success or failure of ignition experiments at the National Ignition Facility (NIF). Samples in the gas phase offer the most direct method of collection by simply pumping out the large target chamber following a NIF shot. The target capsules will be prepared with dopants which will produce radioactive noble gas isotopes upon activation with neutrons. We have designed and constructed the Radchem Apparatus for Gas Sampling (RAGS) in order to collect post-shot gaseous samples for NIF capsule diagnostics. The design of RAGS incorporates multiple stages intended to purify, transfer, and count the radioactive decays from gaseous products synthesized in NIF experiments. At the moment the dopant of choice is {sup 124}Xe, which will undergo (n,{gamma}) and (n, 2n) reactions to produce {sup 125}Xe and {sup 123}Xe. The half-lives of each are on the order of multiple hours and are suitable for long-term gamma-counting. These isotopes and the rest of the gases evolved in a NIF shot will be drawn through the NIF turbo pumps, past the temporarily shuttered cryo pumps (to aid our collection efficiency), and towards the first main portion of the RAGS system: the pre-cleaner. The pre-cleaner will consist of a water removal system, a series of heated getter cartridges to remove most other impurities such as N{sub 2}, O{sub 2}, CO{sub 2}, etc., and a residual gas analyzer (RGA) to monitor vacuum quality. The noble gases will flow through the precleaner and into the second stage of the system: the cryo collector. This cryo collector consists of a main cryo head for noble gas collection which will operate for approximately five minutes post-shot. Afterwards a valve will close and isolate the pre-cleaner, while the cryo head warms to release the Xe gas to one of two locations - either a second cryo station for in-situ gamma counting, or to a small cooled gas bottle for removal and counting. Additional capabilities of the RAGS system include a noble gas calibration apparatus attached to the NIF target chamber, which will be operated hours pre-shot to determine collection efficiency through the whole RAGS system via the signal detected from the RGA. Also it is possible there will be the addition of a helium puff system to drive the Xe through the pre-cleaner and collection stations. It is also likely that multiple cryo collection stations will be built into the system in the future to fractionate and collect other noble gases such as Kr, Ar, and possibly Ne. A prototype pre-cleaner has been built at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) and is in the testing phases. The information learned in this testing will help collaborators at Sandia National Laboratory that are building and delivering the systems that will be deployed at NIF. The LBNL testing so far has demonstrated that radioactive fission gases can be flowed through the system with and without carrier gases of air and/or He, and the activity can be collected on an activated charcoal sample. Further testing in the upcoming months will hopefully yield more information about any presence of Xe in the water removed from the system, and commissioning of a small cryo cooler as well.

Nelson, S L; Shaughnessy, D A; Schneider, D H; Stoeffl, W; Moody, K J; Cerjan, C; Stoyer, M A; Bernstein, L A; Bleuel, D L; Hoffman, R

2010-05-21

413

Polarization-based optical imaging and processing techniques with application to the cancer diagnostics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this investigation, a polarization-based imaging system is developed and described that measures the two-dimensional effective backscattering Mueller matrix of a sample in near real-time. As is well known, a Mueller matrix can provide considerable information on the makeup and optical characteristics of a sample and also directly describes how the sample transforms an incident light beam. The ability to

Gang L. Liu; Yanfang Li; Brent D. Cameron

2002-01-01

414

Diagnostic improvement based on image processing in low extremities inflamation scintigraphy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is the improvement in evaluation of the inflammation extent on the scintigraphic imaging, by utilizing statistical indices (Inflammation Projection Ratio - IPR, skewness, kurtosis and Mean Pixel Value - MPV). Image analysis was performed by means of an Interactive Data Language (IDL) tool. Twelve patients were referred for a radionuclide (Tc99m- Leukoscan) scan, by a GE Healthcare gamma camera, on the suspicion of an infectious lesion in the extremities. The findings of the study are that pathological tissues have a higher IPR index (3.12 to 4.32) compared to normal tissue (~ 1). Furthermore, MPV, skewness and kurtosis differ significantly (> 5%) from normal to inflammable extremities. As a conclusion, image processing provides effective information in the structure and facilitates diagnosis semi-quantitatively.

Lyra, M.; Kordolaimi, S.; Salvara, A. L.

2011-09-01

415

Turf Disease Diagnostic Form Schutter Diagnostic Lab  

E-print Network

Turf Disease Diagnostic Form Schutter Diagnostic Lab 119 Plant BioScience Facility Montana State: _____________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ Irrigation used Please check: Yes or No Type of system _______________________________________ Frequency/Rings/Arcs Yellowing Poor growth Terrain associated with problem (check as many as apply): Low area Irregular

Maxwell, Bruce D.

416

Aptamers as promising molecular recognition elements for diagnostics and therapeutics in the central nervous system.  

PubMed

Oligonucleotide aptamers are short, synthetic, single-stranded DNA or RNA able to recognize and bind to a multitude of targets ranging from small molecules to cells. Aptamers have emerged as valuable tools for fundamental research, clinical diagnosis, and therapy. Due to their small size, strong target affinity, lack of immunogenicity, and ease of chemical modification, aptamers are an attractive alternative to other molecular recognition elements, such as antibodies. Although it is a challenging environment, the central nervous system and related molecular targets present an exciting potential area for aptamer research. Aptamers hold promise for targeted drug delivery, diagnostics, and therapeutics. Here we review recent advances in aptamer research for neurotransmitter and neurotoxin targets, demyelinating disease and spinal cord injury, cerebrovascular disorders, pathologies related to protein aggregation (Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and prions), brain cancer (glioblastomas and gliomas), and regulation of receptor function. Challenges and limitations posed by the blood brain barrier are described. Future perspectives for the application of aptamers to the central nervous system are also discussed. PMID:25296265

McConnell, Erin M; Holahan, Matthew R; DeRosa, Maria C

2014-12-01

417

In situ distributed diagnostics of flowable electrode systems: resolving spatial and temporal limitations.  

PubMed

In this study, we have developed an in situ distributed diagnostics tool to investigate spatial and temporal effects in electrochemical systems based on flowable electrodes. Specifically, an experimental approach was developed that enables spatially-resolved voltage measurements to be obtained in situ, in real-time. To extract additional data from these distributed measurements, an experimentally-parameterized equivalent circuit model with a new 'flow capacitor' circuit element was developed to predict the distributions of various system parameters during operation. As a case study, this approach was applied to investigate the behavior of the suspension electrodes used in an electrochemical flow capacitor under flowing and static conditions. The volumetric capacitance is reduced from 15.6 F ml(-1) to 1.1 F ml(-1) under flowing conditions. Results indicate that the majority of the charging in suspension electrodes occurs within ?750 ?m of the current collectors during flow, which gives rise to significant state-of-charge gradients across the cell, as well as underutilization of the available active material. The underlying cause of this observation is attributed to the relatively high electrical resistance of the slurry coupled with a stratified charging regime and insufficient residence time. The observations highlight the need to develop more conductive slurries and to design cells with reduced charge transport lengths. PMID:25055763

Dennison, C R; Gogotsi, Y; Kumbur, E C

2014-09-14

418

A pulse-burst laser system for a high-repetition-rate Thomson scattering diagnostic  

SciTech Connect

A ''pulse-burst'' laser system is being constructed for addition to the Thomson scattering diagnostic on the Madison Symmetric Torus (MST) reversed-field pinch. This laser is designed to produce a burst of up to 200 approximately 1 J Q-switched pulses at repetition frequencies 5-250 kHz. This laser system will operate at 1064 nm and is a master oscillator, power amplifier. The master oscillator is a compact diode-pumped Nd:YVO{sub 4} laser, intermediate amplifier stages are flashlamp-pumped Nd:YAG, and final stages will be flashlamp-pumped Nd:glass (silicate). Variable pulse width drive (0.3-20 ms) of the flashlamps is accomplished by insulated-gate bipolar transistor switching of large electrolytic capacitor banks. The burst train of laser pulses will enable the study of electron temperature (T{sub e}) and electron density (n{sub e}) dynamics in a single MST shot, and with ensembling, will enable correlation of T{sub e} and n{sub e} fluctuations with other fluctuating quantities.

Den Hartog, D. J. [Department of Physics and Center for Magnetic Self-Organization in Laboratory and Astrophysical Plasmas, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53706 (United States); Jiang, N.; Lempert, W. R. [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210 (United States)

2008-10-15

419

Development of distance accuracy measurement program for quality control of diagnostic ultrasound system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Evaluating the performance of a diagnostic ultrasound system is important. Above all, establishing standards for such evaluations in an objective and systematic way is critical. However, quality control is currently measured based on subjective judgment of an observer. Against this background, this study intended to suggest quantified and objective data that would enable inter-observer variation to be overcome. Five radiological technologists used an ATS-539 multi-purpose ultrasound phantom to conduct measurements in the predetermined method. A digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) standard image was obtained in an ultrasound system by using a self-developed software to measure the accuracy of the distance before the 95% confidence interval was calculated. In order to examine the accuracy of the distance in longitudinal and transverse measurements, we conducted t-tests to evaluate the significance for the results of quality control that was performed manually for the past one year and for the results of quality control that was performed by using software with the same equipment. For the longitudinal and the transverse measurements, the 95% confidence intervals were 100.96-101.29 mm and 83.18-84.26 mm, respectively. The computerized longitudinal measurement showed no significant difference from the manual measurement ( p > 0.05). The results of measurements using of software showed a higher reproducibility.

Kim, Yon-Min; Kim, Moon-Chan; Han, Dong-Kyoon; Cho, Jae-Hwan; Kim, Sang-Hyun

2013-12-01

420

Parallel processing in power systems computation  

SciTech Connect

The availability of parallel processing hardware and software presents an opportunity and a challenge to apply this new computation technology to solve power system problems. The allure of parallel processing is that this technology has the potential to be cost effectively used on computationally intense problems. The objective of this paper is to define the state of the art and identify what the authors see to be the most fertile grounds for future research in parallel processing as applied to power system computation. As always, such projections are risky in a fast changing field, but the authors hope that this paper will be useful to the researchers and practitioners in this growing area.

Tylavsky, D.J.; Bose, A.; Alvarado, F.; Betancourt, R.; Clements, K.; Heydt, G.T.; Huang, G.; Ilic, M.; La Scala, M.; Pai, M.A.

1992-05-01

421

Integration of autonomous systems for remote control of data acquisition and diagnostics in the TJ-II device  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The data acquisition system for TJ-II will consist of a central computer, containing the data base of the device, and a set of independent systems (personal computers, embedded ones, workstations, minicomputers, PLCs, and microprocessor systems among others), controlling data collection, and automated diagnostics. Each autonomous system can be used to isolate and manage specific problems in the most efficient manner. These problems are related to data acquisition, hard (?s-ms) real time requirements, soft (ms-s) real time requirements, remote control of diagnostics, etc. In the operation of TJ-II, the programming of systems will be carried out from the central computer. Coordination and synchronization will be performed by linking systems to local area networks. Several Ethernet segments and FDDI rings will be used for these purposes. Programmable logic controller devices (PLCs) used for diagnostic low level control will be linked among them through a fast serial link, the RS485 Profibus standard. One VME crate, running on the OS-9 real time operating system, will be assigned as a gateway, so as to connect the PLCs based systems with an Ethernet segment.

Vega, J.; Mollinedo, A.; López, A.; Pacios, L.; Dormido, S.

1997-01-01

422

Integration of autonomous systems for remote control of data acquisition and diagnostics in the TJ-II device  

SciTech Connect

The data acquisition system for TJ-II will consist of a central computer, containing the data base of the device, and a set of independent systems (personal computers, embedded ones, workstations, minicomputers, PLCs, and microprocessor systems among others), controlling data collection, and automated diagnostics. Each autonomous system can be used to isolate and manage specific problems in the most efficient manner. These problems are related to data acquisition, hard ({mu}s{endash}ms) real time requirements, soft (ms{endash}s) real time requirements, remote control of diagnostics, etc. In the operation of TJ-II, the programming of systems will be carried out from the central computer. Coordination and synchronization will be performed by linking systems to local area networks. Several Ethernet segments and FDDI rings will be used for these purposes. Programmable logic controller devices (PLCs) used for diagnostic low level control will be linked among them through a fast serial link, the RS485 Profibus standard. One VME crate, running on the OS-9 real time operating system, will be assigned as a gateway, so as to connect the PLCs based systems with an Ethernet segment. {copyright} {ital 1997 American Institute of Physics.}

Vega, J.; Mollinedo, A.; Lopez, A.; Pacios, L. [Asociacion EURATOM/CIEMAT para Fusion, Avda, Complutense, 22.28040 Madrid (Spain)] [Asociacion EURATOM/CIEMAT para Fusion, Avda, Complutense, 22.28040 Madrid (Spain); Dormido, S. [Dpto. Informatica y Automatica, Facultad de Ciencias, UNED, Avda, Senda del Rey s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain)] [Dpto. Informatica y Automatica, Facultad de Ciencias, UNED, Avda, Senda del Rey s/n, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

1997-01-01

423

State Restoration in Systems of Communicating Processes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In systems of asynchronous processes using messagelists with SEND–RECEIVE primitives for interprocess communication recovery primitives are defined to perform state restoration: MARK saves a particular point in the execution of the program; RESTORE resets the system state to an earlier point (saved by MARK); and PURGE discards redundant information when it is no longer needed for possible state restoration.

David L. Russell

1980-01-01

424

Quantum information processing in mesoscopic systems  

E-print Network

introduce the Quantum Dots as the solid state system that will primarily be used as the hardware of quantum computation in quantum dots is described. The principal sources of decoherence and the measurementQuantum information processing in mesoscopic systems Jose Luis Garcia Coello A dissertation

Guillas, Serge

425

Rational Unified Process for Systems Engineering  

E-print Network

Rational Unified Process for Systems Engineering Part 1: Introducing RUP SE Version 2.0 by Murray Cantor Principal Engineer Rational Brand Services IBM Software Group Editor's Note: The IBM Rational-In to support systems engineering was proposed by Rational Software's strategic services organization. The RUP

Balmelli, Laurent

426

A Central Processing Facility within a Distributed Data Processing System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a complex scientific data processing project, where raw satellite data (Level 1) is processed to end products (Level 2), you may need specific expertise from various groups in different locations. Collaboration between these groups can lead to better results and give the opportunity to try several different scientific approaches and choose, objectively, the best result. Furthermore, such a distributed data processing system or DDPS can be used for independent validation before the end products are released. All participating groups need common and specific data products for their processing. This involves many interfaces needing and producing different data products. Without a central storage location all groups involved have to implement their own checking routines and transformations in order to use the data products. A central processing facility, acting as a single point of interface between the DDPS and the main data provider as well as for all groups within the DDPS, can facilitate in collecting all scientific data necessary for high-level processing, transforming the Level 1 input data to a DDPS internally agreed format, checking all data products on integrity, format and validity, distributing these data products within the DDPS, monitoring the whole data distribution chain and distributing all end products to the main data provider. A DDPS has been implemented for ESA's gravity mission, GOCE (Gravity field and steady-state Ocean Circulation Explorer). GOCE's DDPS is called the High-level Processing Facility (HPF) and is part of the GOCE Ground Segment, developed under ESA contract by the European GOCE Gravity consortium (EGG-c). The HPF is set up as a distributed facility consisting of several sub-processing centers for scientific pre-processing, orbit determination, gravity field analysis and validation. The sub-processing facilities are connected through a central node, the Central Processing Facility (CPF). The CPF has been thoroughly tested and is ready to accept real GOCE data. The CPF concept and its unique features can be very useful for future missions that require complex scientific data processing in different locations.

de Witte, S.; Rispens, S. M.; van Hees, R. M.

2009-04-01

427

Process query systems for network security monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we present the architecture of our network security monitoring infrastructure based on a Process Query System (PQS). PQS offers a new and powerful way of efficiently processing data streams, based on process descriptions that are submitted as queries. In this case the data streams are familiar network sensors, such as Snort, Netfilter, and Tripwire. The process queries describe the dynamics of network attacks and failures, such as worms, multistage attacks, and router failures. Using PQS the task of monitoring enterprise class networks is simplified, offering a priority-based GUI to the security administrator that clearly outlines events that require immediate attention. The PQS-Net system is deployed on an unsecured production network; the system has successfully detected many diverse attacks and failures.

Berk, Vincent; Fox, Naomi

2005-05-01

428

Web Service Model for Plasma Simulations with Automatic Post Processing and Generation of Visual Diagnostics*  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present our design and initial implementation of a web service model for running particle-in-cell (PIC) codes remotely from a web browser interface. PIC codes have grown significantly in complexity and now often require parallel execution on multiprocessor computers, which in turn requires sophisticated post-processing and data analysis. A significant amount of time and effort is required for a physicist to develop all the necessary skills, at the expense of actually doing research. Moreover, parameter studies with a computationally intensive code justify the systematic management of results with an efficient way to communicate them among a group of remotely located collaborators. Our initial implementation uses the OOPIC Pro code [1], Linux, Apache, MySQL, Python, and PHP. The Interactive Data Language is used for visualization. [1] D.L. Bruhwiler et al., Phys. Rev. ST-AB 4, 101302 (2001). * This work is supported by DOE grant # DE-FG02-03ER83857 and by Tech-X Corp. ** Also University of Colorado.

Exby, J.; Busby, R.; Dimitrov, D. A.; Bruhwiler, D.; Cary, J. R.

2003-10-01

429

Portable brine evaporator unit, process, and system  

DOEpatents

The present invention discloses a comprehensive, efficient, and cost effective portable evaporator unit, method, and system for the treatment of brine. The evaporator unit, method, and system require a pretreatment process that removes heavy metals, crude oil, and other contaminates in preparation for the evaporator unit. The pretreatment and the evaporator unit, method, and system process metals and brine at the site where they are generated (the well site). Thus, saving significant money to producers who can avoid present and future increases in transportation costs.

Hart, Paul John (Indiana, PA); Miller, Bruce G. (State College, PA); Wincek, Ronald T. (State College, PA); Decker, Glenn E. (Bellefonte, PA); Johnson, David K. (Port Matilda, PA)

2009-04-07

430

Major system acquisitions process (A-109)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Major System examined is a combination of elements (hardware, software, facilities, and services) that function together to produce capabilities required to fulfill a mission need. The system acquisition process is a sequence of activities beginning with documentation of mission need and ending with introduction of major system into operational use or otherwise successful achievement of program objectives. It is concluded that the A-109 process makes sense and provides a systematic, integrated management approach along with appropriate management level involvement and innovative and 'best ideas' from private sector in satisfying mission needs.

Saric, C.

1991-01-01

431

A fuzzy classifier system for process control  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A fuzzy classifier system that discovers rules for controlling a mathematical model of a pH titration system was developed by researchers at the U.S. Bureau of Mines (USBM). Fuzzy classifier systems successfully combine the strengths of learning classifier systems and fuzzy logic controllers. Learning classifier systems resemble familiar production rule-based systems, but they represent their IF-THEN rules by strings of characters rather than in the traditional linguistic terms. Fuzzy logic is a tool that allows for the incorporation of abstract concepts into rule based-systems, thereby allowing the rules to resemble the familiar 'rules-of-thumb' commonly used by humans when solving difficult process control and reasoning problems. Like learning classifier systems, fuzzy classifier systems employ a genetic algorithm to explore and sample new rules for manipulating the problem environment. Like fuzzy logic controllers, fuzzy classifier systems encapsulate knowledge in the form of production rules. The results presented in this paper demonstrate the ability of fuzzy classifier systems to generate a fuzzy logic-based process control system.

Karr, C. L.; Phillips, J. C.

1994-01-01

432

The Blanco Cosmology Survey: Data Acquisition, Processing, Calibration, Quality Diagnostics and Data Release  

SciTech Connect

The Blanco Cosmology Survey (BCS) is a 60 night imaging survey of {approx}80 deg{sup 2} of the southern sky located in two fields: ({alpha},{delta})= (5 hr, -55{sup circ} and 23 hr, -55{sup circ}). The survey was carried out between 2005 and 2008 in griz bands with the Mosaic2 imager on the Blanco 4m telescope. The primary aim of the BCS survey is to provide the data required to optically confirm and measure photometric redshifts for Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect selected galaxy clusters from the South Pole Telescope and the Atacama Cosmology Telescope. We process and calibrate the BCS data, carrying out PSF corrected model fitting photometry for all detected objects. The median 10{sigma} galaxy (point source) depths over the survey in griz are approximately 23.3 (23.9), 23.4 (24.0), 23.0 (23.6) and 21.3 (22.1), respectively. The astrometric accuracy relative to the USNO-B survey is {approx}45 milli-arcsec. We calibrate our absolute photometry using the stellar locus in grizJ bands, and thus our absolute photometric scale derives from 2MASS which has {approx}2% accuracy. The scatter of stars about the stellar locus indicates a systematics floor in the relative stellar photometric scatter in griz that is {approx}1.9%, {approx}2.2%, {approx}2.7% and {approx}2.7%, respectively. A simple cut in the AstrOmatic star-galaxy classifier produces a star sample with good spatial uniformity. We use the resulting photometric catalogs to calibrate photometric redshifts for the survey and demonstrate scatter {delta} z/(1+z)=0.054 with an outlier fraction {eta}<5% to z{approx}1. We highlight some selected science results to date and provide a full description of the released data products.

Desai, S.; /Munich U. /Munich, Tech. U., Universe; Armstrong, R.; /Pennsylvania U.; Mohr, J.J.; /Munich U. /Munich, Tech. U., Universe /Munich, Tech. U.; Semler, D.R.; /Munich U. /Munich, Tech. U., Universe; Liu, J.; /Munich U. /Munich, Tech. U., Universe; Bertin, E.; /Paris, Inst. Astrophys.; Allam, S.S.; /Fermilab; Barkhouse, W.A.; /North Dakota U.; Bazin, G.; /Munich U. /Munich, Tech. U., Universe; Buckley-Geer, E.J.; /Fermilab; Cooper, M.C.; /UC, Irvine /Lick Observ. /UC, Santa Cruz

2012-04-01

433

Set theory in diagnostic reasoning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Regarding diagnostic reasoning, the currently taught Bayesian theory is a form of hypothetical-deduction reasoning. Using set theory, we offer syllogism reasoning instead of hypothetical-deductive reasoning and establish an online diagnostic expert system model based on this diagnostic methodology. Methods: Concepts of set theory were employed to demonstrate diagnostic reasoning. ASP, Vbscript and Microsoft Access were used to establish the

Rui-Bao Tang; Qin-Fang Deng; Hou-Qi Liu

2003-01-01

434

Waste receiving and processing plant control system; system design description  

SciTech Connect

The Plant Control System (PCS) is a heterogeneous computer system composed of numerous sub-systems. The PCS represents every major computer system that is used to support operation of the Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) facility. This document, the System Design Description (PCS SDD), includes several chapters and appendices. Each chapter is devoted to a separate PCS sub-system. Typically, each chapter includes an overview description of the system, a list of associated documents related to operation of that system, and a detailed description of relevant system features. Each appendice provides configuration information for selected PCS sub-systems. The appendices are designed as separate sections to assist in maintaining this document due to frequent changes in system configurations. This document is intended to serve as the primary reference for configuration of PCS computer systems. The use of this document is further described in the WRAP System Configuration Management Plan, WMH-350, Section 4.1.

LANE, M.P.

1999-02-24

435

Information processing systems, reasoning modules, and reasoning system design methods  

DOEpatents

Information processing systems, reasoning modules, and reasoning system design methods are described. According to one aspect, an information processing system includes working memory comprising a semantic graph which comprises a plurality of abstractions, wherein the abstractions individually include an individual which is defined according to an ontology and a reasoning system comprising a plurality of reasoning modules which are configured to process different abstractions of the semantic graph, wherein a first of the reasoning modules is configured to process a plurality of abstractions which include individuals of a first classification type of the ontology and a second of the reasoning modules is configured to process a plurality of abstractions which include individuals of a second classification type of the ontology, wherein the first and second classification types are different.

Hohimer, Ryan E; Greitzer, Frank L; Hampton, Shawn D

2014-03-04

436

Special Diagnostics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This section contains a number of special diagnostics that are designed to examine certain mechanisms. Section 1 reports on the method used to test the photochemical partitioning in the models. Sections 2 and 3 represent efforts to examine the model calculated production and removal rates for ozone and how the values are combined with transport rates in the models to produce the simulated ozone distributions. Sections 4 and 5 concentrate on polar processes including the dynamics aspect of vortex confinement and the chemical aspects of chlorine activation.

Ko, Malcolm K. W.; Salawitch, Ross J.; Jackman, Charles H.; Considine, David B.; Douglass, Anne R.

1999-01-01

437

ITER HEAT REMOVAL SYSTEM SYSTEM & PROCESS CONTROL DESIGN  

E-print Network

ITER HEAT REMOVAL SYSTEM SYSTEM & PROCESS CONTROL DESIGN Y. Hoshi 1 , Y. Kataoka 2 , V. Tanchuk 1, Germany; 4 EU Home Team, Garching, Germany; 5 JA Home Team, Naka, Japan The paper reports ITER heat normal pulse operation. 1. INTRODUCTION ITER heat removal systems are mainly composed of vacuum vessel

Raffray, A. René