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1

Hydrogen production  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The state of hydrogen production technology is evaluated. Specific areas discussed include: hydrogen production fossil fuels; coal gasification processes; electrolysis of water; thermochemical production of hydrogen; production of hydrogen by solar energy; and biological production of hydrogen. Supply options are considered along with costs of hydrogen production.

England, C.; Chirivella, J. E.; Fujita, T.; Jeffe, R. E.; Lawson, D.; Manvi, R.

1975-01-01

2

ABLEDATA: Products  

MedlinePLUS

... Major categories : Head and Neck, Lower Extremity, Torso, Upper Extremity. Prosthetics Products for amputees. Major categories : Lower Extremity, Upper Extremity. Recreation Products to assist people with disabilities with ...

3

Product Guide  

Microsoft Academic Search

This guide identifies manufacturers and suppliers serving the fields of air and waste management. It enables the reader to select a firm based on the products supplied and geographical proximity. To use this guide: 1. Identify the product you need from the following lists.2. Identify the firms that provide that product in the “List of Companies by Product3. Check the

1994-01-01

4

CADCAM productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The integrated application of CAD\\/CAM techniques to increase productivity in moderate-production and limited-production aerospace programs is described using examples regarding the production of digital electronic equipment. Consideration is given to the preparation of new design and engineering drawings, revisions, and templates; the CAD of VLSI components and its integration with robotic circuit-board parts-insertion facilities; and automated electronic analysis and design

F. C. E. Oder

1985-01-01

5

Hydrogen Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This presentation provides an introduction to the basics of hydrogen production. Advantages of using hydrogen, information on current global hydrogen production, primary uses for hydrogen and hydrogen production processes are introduced. The presentation consists of 26 slides and may be downloaded in Microsoft Power Point file format.

6

Product Game  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive game for one or two players develops students' fluency with multiplication facts, understanding of the relationship between factors and products, and strategic thinking. Players take turns moving markers on a factor list and claiming their products on a board displaying all the products of the numbers 1-9. The first player to claim four in a row wins the game. The factors and number needed to win are customizable. The resource includes links to related lessons.

Product Game was adapted from Prime Time: Factors and Multiples, Connected Mathematics Project, by G. Lappan, J. Fey, W Fitzgerald, S. Friel and E. Phillips (Dale Seymour Publications, 1996)

2014-01-01

7

Livestock production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this project you will learn the basic principals of beef production. How does my steak get to my plate? Use your 4 column chart to record information about each step in beef production. Begin by learning about what cattle eat.Food/water resources. What are diseases in beef productionFoot and mouth diseaseMad cow disease? How do cattle grow to market weightFeedyardsDecatour county feedyard? How do we sale cattleCommerical bull salesCattle sales?Beef production How is beef quality controled Beef quality assurance? What are the different ...

Mr. Mize

2009-10-21

8

Solvent Production  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This article describes production of butanol [acetone-butanol-ethanol, (also called AB or ABE or solvent)] by fermentation using both traditional and current technologies. AB production from agricultural commodities such as corn and molasses was an important historical fermentation. Unfortunately,...

9

Ethanol Production  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This book chapter reviews the current process technologies for fuel ethanol production. In the US, almost all commercial fuel ethanol is produced from corn whereas cane sugar is used almost exclusively in Brazil. In Europe, two major types of feedstock considered for fuel ethanol production are be...

10

Agricultural Production.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure describes the philosophy and scope of a secondary-level course in agricultural production. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: careers in agriculture and agribusiness, animal science and livestock production, agronomy, agricultural mechanics, supervised occupational experience programs, and the…

Lehigh County Area Vocational-Technical School, Schnecksville, PA.

11

Household Products  

MedlinePLUS

The products you use for cleaning, carpentry, auto repair, gardening, and many other household uses can contain ingredients that can harm you, your family, and the environment. These include Oven and ...

12

Record Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Record Production is a website that has been created by record production professionals. Its main draw is the over 200 high quality streaming videos that feature tours of recording studios and interviews with the top record producers in the industry. Aside from the videos, the site also provides reviews of home and studio recording equipment, a news page that highlights updates to the site, as well as a forum.

13

Production riser  

SciTech Connect

A riser is described for production of oil and gas in a marine location with the riser connected to the casing supported at the mud line of a body of water and extending upward in the water to a tension moored floating structure. The riser includes a flexible joint near its connection to the casing and is supported at its upper end from the floating structure and is also supported from the floating structure at a point between 50 and 175 feet below the water level. A production string extends upwardly from the producing zone through the casing, the flexible joint and the riser to the floating structure and wellhead equipment is supported on such riser. Centralizers are provided for the production string with the centralizer immediately above the flexible joint being between 35 to 65% of the total distance between such centralizer and the centralizer positioned immediately below the flexible joint.

Crager, B.L.; Pease, F.T.; Ray, D.R.; Steddum, R.E.

1980-04-15

14

Novolak Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Novolak resins are produced by reacting formaldehyde (30-55% concentration) with phenol under acidic conditions, with oxalic acid as the preferred catalyst and in special conditions, sulfuric acid. Depending on the batch size, all raw material components can be introduced into the reactor, or when there is an increase in the batch size as well as in the reactor volume, the reaction exotherm is controlled by a gradual addition of formaldehyde. Modern novolak production facilities are automated and programmed for reduced operational cost. A flow diagram of a general production line for the manufacture of novolak is shown. Recovery of the novolak is accomplished by the removal of water and devolatilization of crude novolak to molten, low-free phenol novolak resin which can be isolated as flake or pastille or dissolved in appropriate solvents. Novolak is stored either in a solid flake or pastille form or in solution. Most production is conducted under atmospheric conditions, but there are some recent, novel activities such as pressure in a hermetically-closed reactor reaching 0.1-10 MPa by using the heat of reaction without reflux to shorten reaction time, accelerating dehydration time by flash distillation, and providing economic benefit in the cost of novolak production.

Aiba, Hiroshi

15

SEED PRODUCTION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This book chapter provides information at the upper division undergraduate and graduate student levels that describe the environmental factors and production practices that affect the capacity of forage crops to produce seeds. Consumers require dependable quantities of high quality seeds. Special ru...

16

New Products.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews new educational technology products, including a microcomputer-based tutoring system, laser barcode reader, video/data projectors, CD-ROM for notebook computers, a system to increase a printer's power, data cartridge storage shell, knowledge-based decision tool, video illustrator, interactive videodiscs, surge protectors, scanner system,…

TechTrends, 1992

1992-01-01

17

Transplant production  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

For field pepper (Capsicum spp.) production, plants can be established from direct seed or transplants depending on the location and cultural practices for the specific pepper type grown. Direct seeding can result in slow, variable, and reduced plant stands due to variations in soil temperature, wat...

18

Synthetic fuels: production and products.  

PubMed

A brief primer on synthetic fuels is given. The paper includes brief descriptions of generic conversion technologies that can be used to convert various raw materials such as coal, oil shale, tar sands, peat and biomass into synthetic fuels similar in character to petroleum-derived fuels currently in commerce. Because the subject is vast and the space is limited, references for additional information on synthetic fuel processes and products are also given in the paper. PMID:3898546

Singh, S P

1985-08-01

19

Resonance production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent results on rgr(770)0, K(892)*0, f0(980), phgr(1020), Dgr(1232)++ and Lgr(1520) production in A+A and p+p collisions at SPS and RHIC energies are presented. These resonances are measured via their hadronic decay channels and used as a sensitive tool to examine the collision dynamics in the hadronic medium through their decay and regeneration. The modification of resonance mass, width and shape due to phase space and dynamical effects are discussed.

Fachini, Patricia

2004-08-01

20

Software Products  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

MAST is a decision support system to help in the management of dairy herds. Data is collected on dairy herds around the country and processed at regional centers. One center is Cornell University, where Dr. Lawrence Jones and his team developed MAST. The system draws conclusions from the data and summarizes it graphically. CLIPS, which is embedded in MAST, gives the system the ability to make decisions without user interaction. With this technique, dairy managers can identify herd problems quickly, resulting in improved animal health and higher milk quality. CLIPS (C Language Integrated Production System) was developed by NASA's Johnson Space Center. It is a shell for developing expert systems designed to permit research, development and delivery on conventional computers.

1993-01-01

21

NULLJOB product  

SciTech Connect

The ever increasing demand for more CPU cycles for data analysis on our Central VAX Cluster led us to investigate new ways to utilize more fully the resources that were available. A review of the experiment and software development VAX systems on site revealed many unused computing cycles. Furthermore, these systems were all connected by DECnet which would allow easy file transfer and remote batch job submission. A product was developed to allow jobs to be submitted on the Central VAX Cluster but actually to be run on one of the remote systems. The processing of the jobs was arranged, to the greatest extent possible, to be transparent to the user and to have minimal impact on both the Central VAX Cluster and remote systems.

Hughart, N.; Ritchie, D.

1987-05-01

22

Supporting production planning by production process simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

An interactive production planning system for electronic industry is described. PCB component printing is used as a case study. The system simulates the production from an initial situation to a given moment in the future. The input defines the product batches, their allocation and sequence for each machine and the due dates. The output includes summaries of the production period

Tommi Johtela; Jouni Smed; Mika Johnsson; Risto Lehtinen; Olli Nevalainen

1997-01-01

23

Industrial energy productivity handbook  

SciTech Connect

This handbook is a compilation of various energy-saving projects in US industry. They are classified according to the industry: food and kindred products; textile mill products; paper and allied products; chemicals and allied products; petroleum refining and related industries; stone, clay, glass, and concrete products; primary metal industries; fabricated metal products; machinery (except electrical); and transportation equipment. (DLC)

Long, D.J. (comp.)

1981-12-01

24

Biological production of products from waste gases  

DOEpatents

A method and apparatus are designed for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, and carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various products, such as organic acids, alcohols, hydrogen, single cell protein, and salts of organic acids by anaerobic bacteria within the bioreactor. These valuable end products are then recovered, separated and purified.

Gaddy, James L. (Fayetteville, AR)

2002-01-22

25

Accessibility and Product Ecosystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Products, including assistive and accessible technologies, do not exist in isolation. They are all part of rich product ecosystems; they inhabit specific niches of economics, functionality, and technology, and they interact with other products. The concept of product ecosystem goes beyond technological interoperability. For accessibility to advance, we must understand more about the interactions among products. This article sketches an

Jim Tobias

2007-01-01

26

When Product Placement Is NOT Product Placement  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of product placement in films and television shows can be readily observed by anyone who has devoted a significant part of their lives going to the movies. The first product placements were generic and fictitious and were hardly noticed by the movie-going public. But, as the placement of real products became more prevalent, it became apparent to the

David Natharius; Mary-Lou Galician

2004-01-01

27

Illegal Pesticide Products  

MedlinePLUS

... They go by names like Tres Pasitos or Chalk , and they come with a guarantee to kill ... Common Illegal Pest Products mothballs | pet products | insecticidal chalk | " Tres Pasitos " | antibacterial products Illegal naphthalene moth repellent ...

28

MISR Level 3 Products  

Atmospheric Science Data Center

... currently five types of Level 3 products:  Radiance ,  Aerosol ,  Land Surface ,  Albedo  and  Cloud . Each Level 3 product ... Radiance/RQI field. Component Global Aerosol Product (CGAS): MIL3DAE, MIL3MAE, MIL3QAE, MIL3YAE ...

2015-01-08

29

Recombinant protein production technology  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Recombinant protein production is an important technology for antibody production, biochemical activity study, and structural determination during the post-genomic era. Limiting factors in recombinant protein production include low-level protein expression, protein precipitation, and loss of protein...

30

Science and Product.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines incremental product development and discusses how this style of innovation effects technology industries. Cites examples of Japanese competition which emphasizes quality and speed in product development. Makes recommendations for the improvement of product development in the United States. (CW)

Gomory, Ralph E.; Schmitt, Roland W.

1988-01-01

31

Product Structure, the Heart of Product Definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the LMMSS Product Definition System (PDS) philosophy and approach were the use of each item parts document or software can be traced to a specific end item (EI) serial/tail number of the product. It explains why a part-oriented approach to data organization and configuration management is required. The definition of part-oriented is that all appropriate product definition data products will be collected. Referenced and managed by their linkage/relationship to parts/items, The paper will touch upon how LMMSS store/controls product definition information under each project's top product designator in a two tiered approach. One tier for each product end item and another tier which contain/controls listings of drawings, documents. Specifications and standards that are required for hardware item definition.

DeHoog, C., Jr.

1999-01-01

32

Bringing food products into  

E-print Network

or concentrated milk, cream, butter, ghee, mithai, cheese and products containing fresh cream. Fish ProductsBringing food products into the UK Don't break the law Check the rules before you travel #12;There are very strict controls on what food products you can bring into the European Union (EU). This is because

Anderson, Jim

33

Implementing Product Line Variabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software product lines have numerous members. Thus, a product line infrastructure must cover various systems. This is the significant difference to usual software systems and the reason for additional requirements on the various assets present during software product line engineering. It is imperative that they support the description of the product line as a whole, as well as its instantiation

Michalis Anastasopoulos; Cristina Gacek

2000-01-01

34

Implementing product line variabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software product lines have numerous members. Thus, a product line infrastructure must cover various systems. This is the significant difference to usual software systems and the reason for additional requirements on the various assets present during software product line engineering. It is imperative that they support the description of the product line as a whole, as well as its instantiation

Critina Gacek; Michalis Anastasopoules

2001-01-01

35

Rain Forest Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students move from lab station to lab station observing samples of products from the Rain Forest. At each station they record the name of the product, write a description and sketch a diagram of the product. For homework, students prepare an advertisement for the Rain Forest and its products

Meg Milani (South San Francisco High School REV)

1994-07-30

36

Greenhouse Raspberry Production Guide  

E-print Network

Greenhouse Raspberry Production Guide For winter or year-round production Department.fruit.cornell.edu/berry.html Production Guide Greenhouse Raspberry For winter or year-round production #12;#12;Greenhouse Raspberry and presented to the Faculty of the Graduate School by Kurt Donald Koester, August 2003. The members of his

Walter, M.Todd

37

Primary production: Marine ecosystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The seas occupy the greater part (70%) of the earth's surface, but their total net primary production is less than that of the land. Depletion of nutrients in the lighted surface waters is responsible for low productivities of most of the open ocean; higher productivities occur in coastal waters and areas of upwelling. A recent estimate of total production for

John S. Bunt

1973-01-01

38

77 FR 21835 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production, and Publication of Inflation Adjustment...credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production, and Indian coal production under...

2012-04-11

39

78 FR 20176 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production, and Publication of Inflation Adjustment...credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production, and Indian coal production under...

2013-04-03

40

Ocean Primary Productivity Study  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers datasets of primary productivity measurements, computer source code, input data fields, and ocean productivity estimates for modeling purposes, as well as information on the activities of the NASA-sponsored Ocean Primary Productivity Working Group (OPPWG), which has been conducting round-robin algorithm testing exercises to compare the performance of various productivity models with the intent of establishing a NASA resident "consensus" algorithm for the routine generation of ocean productivity maps.

41

How Products Are Made  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How Products Are Made explains and details the manufacturing process of a wide variety of products, from daily household items to complicated electronic equipment and heavy machinery. The site provides descriptions of the step-by-step assembly and manufacturing process (complemented with illustrations and diagrams). Background information is also provided, such as how the item works, who invented the product, raw materials used, product applications, by-products, possible future developments, quality-control procedures, etc.

42

Primary production: Terrestrial ecosystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of growth in understanding of primary productivity and in making estimates of biosphere production is reviewed. Two approaches to estimation of land production are discussed. Production may first be estimated by mean values for ecosystem types and the areas of these. A total production of 100×10\\u000a9 tons\\/year is thus estimated for the continents, making up 29% of

Helmut Lieth

1973-01-01

43

Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production  

E-print Network

#12;Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward

Narasayya, Vivek

44

Herbal Products and Supplements  

MedlinePLUS

... that all herbal health products and supplements are safer than medicines just because they occur in nature ... too long. View larger and print from your internet browser Can herbal health products or supplements change ...

45

SaferProducts.gov  

MedlinePLUS

... Report your unsafe product on SaferProducts.gov. Tell CPSC. Then others will know. Get Started Just for ... TERMS OF USE | PRIVACY | NO FEAR | OPEN GOVERNMENT CPSC does not guarantee the accuracy, completeness, or adequacy ...

46

Other Fluoride Products  

MedlinePLUS

... Journal Articles for Community Water Fluoridation Other Fluoride Products Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir On this ... 17, 2001;50(RR-14):1–42. Fluoride Products Fluoride Toothpaste Form Concentrations of fluoride in toothpaste ...

47

The Top 10 Products  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2008, American School & University showcased some of the hottest products in the industry. This article presents the 10 most requested, as determined by readers. Products include fluorescent lighting, concrete floor maintenance and exterior sheathing.

American School & University, 2008

2008-01-01

48

Equipment & New Products.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews new science equipment and products for the laboratory. Includes hand-held calculators, fiberglass fume hoods, motorized microtomy, disposable mouse cages, and electric timers. Describes 11 products total. Provides manufacturer name, address, and price. (MA)

Poitras, Adrian W., Ed.

1979-01-01

49

Increasing productivity: Another approach  

SciTech Connect

An engineering information (EI) and information technology (IT) organization that must improve its productivity should work to further its business goals. This paper explores a comprehensive model for increasing EI/IT productivity by supporting organizational objectives.

Norton, F.J.

1996-06-10

50

Trucking Unmanufactured Forest Products  

E-print Network

Safe and Efficient Practices for Trucking Unmanufactured Forest Products 420-310 #12;M. Chad. Safe and Efficient Practices for Trucking Unmanufac- tured Forest Products. Virginia Cooperative Unmanufactured Forest Products www.ext.vt.edu Produced by Communications and Marketing, College of Agriculture

Liskiewicz, Maciej

51

Coal production 1989  

SciTech Connect

Coal Production 1989 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, the number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, reserves, and stocks to a wide audience including Congress, federal and state agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. 7 figs., 43 tabs.

Not Available

1990-11-29

52

The MODIS fire products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fire products are now available from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) including the only current global daily active fire product. This paper describes the algorithm, the products and the associated validation activities. High-resolution ASTER data, which are acquired simultaneously with MODIS, provide a unique opportunity for MODIS validation. Results are presented from a preliminary active fire validation study in

C. o. Justice; L. Giglio; S. Korontzi; J. Owens; J. t. Morisette; D. Roy; J. Descloitres; S. Alleaume; F. Petitcolin; Y. Kaufman

2002-01-01

53

Pastoral productivity and intensification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pasture Scientist, is primarily concerned with maximizing the productivity of pastoral lands. In conducting his research and expressing the results of his work he has not always appreciated that in order to have most meaning to agricultural industry his levels of productivity should be expressed in terms of the economic limitations to productivity. These vary in different ecological regions

P. de V. Booysen

1972-01-01

54

75 FR 18015 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...determining the availability of the credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production, and Indian coal...

2010-04-08

55

Household Products Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users will find important and possibly life-saving information on over 4,000 household products in this online database from the National Library of Medicine's Specialized Information Services. The database allows users to find out what a product contains, potential health effects, and safety and handling information. Users can quickly and easily search the database by product name, ingredients, or symptom. The products search seems to be the most user-friendly, as it is organized alphabetically and by general category, e.g. home maintenance, personal care/use, auto products, and so on.

56

Fermentative production of isobutene.  

PubMed

Isobutene (2-methylpropene) is one of those chemicals for which bio-based production might replace the petrochemical production in the future. Currently, more than 10 million metric tons of isobutene are produced on a yearly basis. Even though bio-based production might also be achieved through chemocatalytic or thermochemical methods, this review focuses on fermentative routes from sugars. Although biological isobutene formation is known since the 1970s, extensive metabolic engineering is required to achieve economically viable yields and productivities. Two recent metabolic engineering developments may enable anaerobic production close to the theoretical stoichiometry of 1isobutene + 2CO(2) + 2H(2)O per mol of glucose. One relies on the conversion of 3-hydroxyisovalerate to isobutene as a side activity of mevalonate diphosphate decarboxylase and the other on isobutanol dehydration as a side activity of engineered oleate hydratase. The latter resembles the fermentative production of isobutanol followed by isobutanol recovery and chemocatalytic dehydration. The advantage of a completely biological route is that not isobutanol, but instead gaseous isobutene is recovered from the fermenter together with CO(2). The low aqueous solubility of isobutene might also minimize product toxicity to the microorganisms. Although developments are at their infancy, the potential of a large scale fermentative isobutene production process is assessed. The production costs estimate is 0.9 Euro kg(-1), which is reasonably competitive. About 70% of the production costs will be due to the costs of lignocellulose hydrolysate, which seems to be a preferred feedstock. PMID:22234536

van Leeuwen, Bianca N M; van der Wulp, Albertus M; Duijnstee, Isabelle; van Maris, Antonius J A; Straathof, Adrie J J

2012-02-01

57

Product development practices that matter  

E-print Network

Product Development consists of activities to transforms a market opportunity and technological innovation into successful products. Several waves of improvements in technological innovation and product development have ...

Gupta, Nisheeth

2010-01-01

58

PRODUCT REPRESENTATION IN LIGHTWEIGHT FORMATS FOR PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT (PLM)  

E-print Network

PRODUCT REPRESENTATION IN LIGHTWEIGHT FORMATS FOR PRODUCT LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT (PLM) Lian Ding environments and the entire product lifecycle. There are new requirements for product representations these, some lightweight representations have been developed and applied in different industries

Rzepa, Henry S.

59

Universal Product Design: Transforming User Activity Into Product Function  

E-print Network

is to develop a universal product method by understanding how user activity closely resembles product function. The research results include a twenty product pair study in which a universal and typical product were compared. An activity diagram and functional...

Kostovich, Vincent

2010-07-14

60

Coal Production 1992  

SciTech Connect

Coal Production 1992 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, the number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves to a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. In 1992, there were 3,439 active coal mining operations made up of all mines, preparation plants, and refuse operations. The data in Table 1 cover the 2,746 mines that produced coal, regardless of the amount of production, except for bituminous refuse mines. Tables 2 through 33 include data from the 2,852 mining operations that produced, processed, or prepared 10 thousand or more short tons of coal during the period, except for bituminous refuse, and includes preparation plants with 5 thousand or more employee hours. These mining operations accounted for over 99 percent of total US coal production and represented 83 percent of all US coal mining operations in 1992.

Not Available

1993-10-29

61

Disconnectable production riser assembly  

SciTech Connect

A production riser assembly for producing oil to a floating platform includes a central riser and plurality of production risers annularly spaced around the central riser. The central riser has a flexible joint with a hydraulic connector therebelow. Each production riser has a flexible hose at lower end which is connectable to flowline subs located in spaced relation from the central riser connector. Hydraulically operated connectors are located at the bottom end of each flexible pipe, each riser is independently tensioned.

Hettinger, F.L.

1983-08-09

62

Coal combustion products  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Coal-burning powerplants, which supply more than half of U.S. electricity, also generate coal combustion products, which can be both a resource and a disposal problem. The U.S. Geological Survey collaborates with the American Coal Ash Association in preparing its annual report on coal combustion products. This Fact Sheet answers questions about present and potential uses of coal combustion products.

Kalyoncu, R.S.; Olson, D.W.

2001-01-01

63

Microbial production of epoxides  

DOEpatents

A method for microbial production of epoxides and other oxygenated products is disclosed. The method uses a biocatalyst of methanotrophic bacteria cultured in a biphasic medium containing a major amount of a non-aqueous polar solvent. Regeneration of reducing equivalents is carried out by using endogenous hydrogenase activity together with supplied hydrogen gas. This method is especially effective with gaseous substrates and cofactors that result in liquid products.

Clark, Thomas R.; Roberto, Francisco F.

2003-06-10

64

Microsystem product development.  

SciTech Connect

Over the last decade the successful design and fabrication of complex MEMS (MicroElectroMechanical Systems), optical circuits and ASICs have been demonstrated. Packaging and integration processes have lagged behind MEMS research but are rapidly maturing. As packaging processes evolve, a new challenge presents itself, microsystem product development. Product development entails the maturation of the design and all the processes needed to successfully produce a product. Elements such as tooling design, fixtures, gages, testers, inspection, work instructions, process planning, etc., are often overlooked as MEMS engineers concentrate on design, fabrication and packaging processes. Thorough, up-front planning of product development efforts is crucial to the success of any project.

Polosky, Marc A.; Garcia, Ernest J.

2006-04-01

65

Sustainable hydrogen production  

SciTech Connect

This report describes the Sustainable Hydrogen Production research conducted at the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) for the past year. The report presents the work done on the following four tasks: Task 1--production of hydrogen by photovoltaic-powered electrolysis; Task 2--solar photocatalytic hydrogen production from water using a dual-bed photosystem; Task 3--development of solid electrolytes for water electrolysis at intermediate temperatures; and Task 4--production of hydrogen by thermocatalytic cracking of natural gas. For each task, this report presents a summary, introduction/description of project, and results.

Block, D.L.; Linkous, C.; Muradov, N.

1996-01-01

66

Honeywell's Successful Productivity Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the Honeywell productivity plan. Elements of this plan which are discussed include program management, the role of novelty, newsletters, incentives and recognition, ground rules, and feedback. (CT)

DeBoer, Larry M.

1982-01-01

67

Nanotechnology Consumer Product Inventory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An inventory of nanotechnology-based consumer products currently on the market. After more than twenty years of basic and applied research, nanotechnologies are gaining in commercial use. Nanoscale materials now are in electronic, cosmetics, automotive and medical products. But it has been difficult to find out how many "nano" consumer products are on the market and which merchandise could be called "nano." While not comprehensive, this inventory gives the public the best available look at the 800+ manufacturer-identified nanotechnology-based consumer products currently on the market.

68

TRMM Gridded Text Products  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) has many products that contain instantaneous or gridded rain rates often among many other parameters. However, these products because of their completeness can often seem intimidating to users just desiring surface rain rates. For example one of the gridded monthly products contains well over 200 parameters. It is clear that if only rain rates are desired, this many parameters might prove intimidating. In addition, for many good reasons these products are archived and currently distributed in HDF format. This also can be an inhibiting factor in using TRMM rain rates. To provide a simple format and isolate just the rain rates from the many other parameters, the TRMM product created a series of gridded products in ASCII text format. This paper describes the various text rain rate products produced. It provides detailed information about parameters and how they are calculated. It also gives detailed format information. These products are used in a number of applications with the TRMM processing system. The products are produced from the swath instantaneous rain rates and contain information from the three major TRMM instruments: radar, radiometer, and combined. They are simple to use, human readable, and small for downloading.

Stocker, Erich Franz

2007-01-01

69

Primary Productivity: Grass  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity students will use grass plants grown over a one week period in the classroom to calculate productivity rates using two methods of collection. At the end of this lab students will understand the concept of primary productivity and will have used one or more methods to calculate it. They will have also been introduced to the concepts of standing biomass, net productivity versus gross productivity, and the importance of comparing dry weight versus wet weight. This activity has an accompanying teacher site with hints and more information. There are also links to several other sites with more information on this topic.

Angela Morrow

70

Environmental product declarations for telecommunication products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several types of voluntary environmental claims have been developed during the last decade in response to a growing demand by public and commercial customers for insight into product life cycle environmental performance. Now almost fully standardized by the ISO 14020 series, these voluntary environmental claims appear as eco-labels and a variety of environmental declarations. This paper discusses a project underway

J. B. Legarth; S. Hirsbak; J. Gregersen; H. Erichsen; E. Borch

2000-01-01

71

Extended Product Catalog 2000 Extended Product Catalog  

E-print Network

___________________________ 58 AN-103 Low Cost, Extremely Wide Bandwidth VCO Design Using Prescalers And Z-COMM VCOs ___________________________________ 65 AN-110 Low Cost, Extremely Wide Bandwidth VCO Design Using Multipliers And Z-COMM VCOs ______________________________________________________________ 6 VCO Product Listing ____________________________________________________ 8 VCO Outline Drawings

Berns, Hans-Gerd

72

Solar synthetic fuel production  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a thermodynamic study is presented on solar hydrogen production using concentrated solar energy. In the first part, the direct decomposition process has been studied. The temperature requirements at various partial pressures of H2O, H2 and H yields, thermal efficiency and separation of products are discussed. In the second part, using consistent costing bases, the cost of hydrogen

E. Bilgen; C. Bilgen

1981-01-01

73

BIOTECHNOLOGY OF MANNITOL PRODUCTION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Mannitol, a naturally occurring polyol, is widely used in the food, pharmaceutical, medicine, and chemical industry. The production of mannitol by fermentation has become attractive because of the problems associated with its production chemically. We have found that Lactobacillus intermedius NRRL...

74

Product Life Cycle Management  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Product Lifecycle Management is a PowerPoint presentation given at Sinclair Community College on May 8, 2007 by Mileta M. Tomovic of Purdue University. Ideas for introducing and maintaining a "creative environment" within academia were presented. The author addresses the fundamental aspects of production and also sales of these items. This presentation is available for free download.

Tomovic, Mileta M. (Mileta Milos)

75

Fittings Production in 2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

One must start an analysis of future trends in fittings manufacture by considering the production of individual forms in the last decade. During the crisis of 1990?1998 in Russia, the volume of fittings production as a whole and the volumes of individual forms decreased considerably. For example, the annual output of gate valves decreased from 5 to 1.3 million items,

O. N. Spakov

2000-01-01

76

Process to Product.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for educators who direct federally funded model projects, the booklet provides a framework for special education product development. In "Making Media Decisions," G. Richman explores procedures for selecting the most appropriate medium to carry the message of a given product. The fundamental questions are addressed: what is the goal; who…

Harrison, Gary, Ed.; Mirkes, Donna Z., Ed.

77

Factors Predicting Educational Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since 1968 educational productivity studies at the University of Florida have been analyzing data from six States and one city. Linear regression was used to identify high and low productive units by measuring the relationship between statistically selected input factors and a measure of student achievement. Discriminant analysis was employed to…

Hanes, Carol E.; Jordan, K. Forbis

78

More paracompact box products  

E-print Network

We show that if there is no family of cardinality less than c which dominates ww, then the box product of countably many compact first-countable spaces is paracompact; hence the countable box product of compact metrizable spaces is paracompact if 2w...

Roitman, Judith A.

1979-04-02

79

Biotechnology and derived products  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Microorganisms able to infect and kill insect pests, metabolites from plants and microorganisms, and transgenic crops are biotechnologically derived products that are being promoted for use to control insect pests in lieu of chemical insecticides. Products based on these technologies effectively co...

80

Hydrogen production from coal  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The gasification reactions necessary for the production of hydrogen from montana subbituminous coal are presented. The coal composition is given. The gasifier types mentioned include: suspension (entrained) combustion; fluidized bed; and moving bed. Each gasification process is described. The steam-iron process, raw and product gas compositions, gasifier feed quantities, and process efficiency evaluations are also included.

1975-01-01

81

User Oriented Product Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the educational product development field has expanded tremendously over the last 15 years, there is a paucity of conveniently assembled and readily interpretable information that would enable users to make accurate and informed evaluations of different, but comparable, instructional products. Minimum types of validation data which should be…

Alkin, Marvin C.; Wingard, Joseph

82

Biotechnological hydrogen production\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of biological hydrogen production by using photosynthetic bacteria and cyanobacteria is described based on a national R&D project in Japan. We describe here the subjects examined in the research for photosynthetic bacteria: analysis of the relationship between the penetration of light to photobioreactor and hydrogen production, genetic engineering of photosynthetic bacteria to control the pigment content for making

Jun Miyake; Masato Miyake; Yasuo Asada

1999-01-01

83

MICROBIAL RESISTANT GYPSUM PRODUCTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Gypsum building materials often become wet, resulting in mold growth that leads to health and productivity impacts. A major source of mold growth is gypsum wallboard since nearly 90% of the interior finished surfaces of buildings are covered with gypsum products. It has been est...

84

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF GLASS AND FLY ASH IN MANUFATURE OF CONTROLLED LOW-product materials including utilization of used foundry sand and fly ash in CLSM (Controlled Low Strength Materials high volumes of mixed colored, broken glass in Controlled Low Strength Materials (CLSM) meeting ACI 229

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

85

Ethyl alcohol production  

SciTech Connect

Recent price increases and temporary shortages of petroleum products have caused farmers to search for alternate sources of fuel. The production of ethyl alcohol from grain is described and the processes involved include saccharification, fermentation and distillation. The resulting stillage has potential as a livestock feed.

Hofman, V.; Hauck, D.

1980-11-01

86

Questionnaire typography and production.  

PubMed

This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

Gray, M

1975-06-01

87

Traceability Consumer Products  

E-print Network

and reinforcing the need for a transparent system that creditably delivers product information with breadth, depthFull Value Traceability Consumer Products IBM Global Business Services IBM Institute for Business Institute for Business Value IBM Global Business Services, through the IBM Institute for Business Value

88

Faculty Productivity and Demographics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study compared productivity for five groups of college faculty: white men (n=3,182), white women (n=1,221), and faculty of African (n=79), Asian (n=120), and Hispanic (n=67) origin. Variables examined include research productivity, contact hours, administrative service, consulting, promotion/tenure standards, job satisfaction, and affirmative…

Konrad, Alison M.

1991-01-01

89

Productivity and Costs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Productivity and costs of the third quarter show that, in both business and non-farm sectors, the productivity increases were larger, at 4.0 percent and 4.2 percent, respectively, than in the same sectors during the second quarter.

90

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization GLASS AS AGGREGATES IN FLOWABLE CONCRETE WITH FLY ASH By Tarun R be banned from landfills. INTRODUCTION Approximately 170,000 tons of glass by-products are generated each to the ACI, March 2001. Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics College of Engineering and Applied

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

91

Primary Productivity: Marine Adaptation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is designed to give students a better understanding of the concept of primary productivity and to have them use one or more methods to calculate primary productivity. Students will have also been introduced to the concepts of marine primary productivity, net productivity vs. gross productivity, and the importance of comparing dry weight versus wet weight. Marine primary producers are usually not plants as we typically think about them, but rather seaweeds or single cell algae. The classic example of a marine primary producer is a marine diatom. In this experiment students use marine diatoms to measure primary productivity. Real-time data from several sources may be used to increase understanding of this topic. Students will discover that although often ignored in the classroom, the marine environment produces 32 percent of the world's primary productivity on 71 percent of the Earth's surface area. Although this is far less than the 68 percent from the continental surfaces (29 percent of the Earth's surface area), this productivity is still very important.

Angela Morrow

92

Training for Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory study was conducted to evaluate the utility of a method to demonstrate that Australian enterprises that invest in the training of their employees gain a return from that investment through an increase in employee productivity. The method, which compares enterprise expenditure on training of personnel with labor productivity across a…

Maglen, Leo; Hopkins, Sonnie; Burke, Gerald

93

Equipment & New Products.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents several new products and equipment for teaching college science courses such as laser optics bench, portable digital thermometer, solar energy furnaces and blackboard optics kit. A description of all equipment or products, cost, and addresses of manufacturers are also included. (HM)

Poitras, Adrian W., Ed.

1977-01-01

94

USGS Geophysical Data Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains links and listings of digital geophysical products spanning the regional centers of the USGS. There are surveys and reports on magnetic, gravity, and other forms of data. There are regional, state, quadrangle compilations of data. And there a number of other data and products available.

Crustal Imaging and Characterization Team

95

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

(slag) produced from coal-fired power plants increases yearly along with the development and huge demand for Fly Ash and Slag Production in China from 1979 to 1988 (unit: Millions of tons) ` Lihua Wei, Research ash and slag in China from 1979 to 1988 [1]. Fig. 1. Total Production and Utilization of Fly Ash

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

96

Production Systems. Laboratory Activities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This production systems guide provides teachers with learning activities for secondary students. Introductory materials include an instructional planning outline and worksheet, an outline of essential elements, domains and objectives, a course description, and a content outline. The guide contains 30 modules on the following topics: production

Gallaway, Ann, Ed.

97

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization CHARACTERIZATION OF MARBLE POWDER FOR ITS USE IN MORTAR #12;Characterization of Marble Powder for its Use in Mortar and Concrete By Valeria Corinaldesi, Giacomo Moriconi, and Tarun R. Naik Synopsis: A powder obtained as a by-product of marble sawing

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

98

Diffractive production of mesons  

E-print Network

The interest in the study of diffractive meson production is discussed. The description of diffraction within Regge phenomenology is presented, and the QCD-based understanding of diffractive processes is given. Central production is reviewed, and the corresponding main results from the COMPASS experiment and from the experiments at the ISR, RHIC, TEVATRON and LHC collider are summarised.

R. Schicker

2014-10-17

99

Hydrogen production by Cyanobacteria  

PubMed Central

The limited fossil fuel prompts the prospecting of various unconventional energy sources to take over the traditional fossil fuel energy source. In this respect the use of hydrogen gas is an attractive alternate source. Attributed by its numerous advantages including those of environmentally clean, efficiency and renew ability, hydrogen gas is considered to be one of the most desired alternate. Cyanobacteria are highly promising microorganism for hydrogen production. In comparison to the traditional ways of hydrogen production (chemical, photoelectrical), Cyanobacterial hydrogen production is commercially viable. This review highlights the basic biology of cynobacterial hydrogen production, strains involved, large-scale hydrogen production and its future prospects. While integrating the existing knowledge and technology, much future improvement and progress is to be done before hydrogen is accepted as a commercial primary energy source. PMID:16371161

Dutta, Debajyoti; De, Debojyoti; Chaudhuri, Surabhi; Bhattacharya, Sanjoy K

2005-01-01

100

Firewall products today  

SciTech Connect

With an increased interest in connecting to the Internet, there is a corresponding interest in protecting an organization`s network from others on the Internet. Internet firewalls help protect an organization`s network, and the increased demand for firewalls have brought about a number of freeware and commercial products. But how does someone determine the best product or service for their organization? This paper discusses things that need to be considered in deciding to build or purchase a firewall system. It discusses many of the products, features, and services that are commercially available and what components they include such as software, hardware, consulting, or a combination thereof. This paper is not an attempt to evaluate the products. The aim is to provide an awareness of what is currently available and their capabilities. An appendix gives contact information for all of the vendors whose product information was used in developing this paper.

Cooper, S.P.

1995-02-01

101

Optimal viral production.  

PubMed

Viruses reproduce by multiplying within host cells. The reproductive fitness of a virus is proportional to the number of offspring it can produce during the lifetime of the cell it infects. If viral production rates are independent of cell death rate, then one expects natural selection will favor viruses that maximize their production rates. However, if increases in the viral production rate lead to an increase in the cell death rate, then the viral production rate that maximizes fitness may be less than the maximum. Here we pose the question of how fast should a virus replicate in order to maximize the number of progeny virions that it produces. We present a general mathematical framework for studying problems of this type, which may be adapted to many host-parasite systems, and use it to examine the optimal virus production scheduling problem from the perspective of the virus. PMID:14607286

Coombs, Daniel; Gilchrist, Michael A; Percus, Jerome; Perelson, Alan S

2003-11-01

102

Concrete production floating platforms  

SciTech Connect

The floating production platforms operating in the North Sea are adapted from drilling semisubmersibles which allow only a limited payload capacity. Experience of concrete production platforms constructed for the North Sea has led Sea Tank Co. to propose a floating platform which offers large payload and oil storage capacities similar to those of existing fixed platforms. Sea Tank Co. and Institut Francais du Petrole joined forces in early 1976 to study the feasibility of a concrete floating production platform incorporating the structure and the production riser together. The results of this 3-yr program show that the concrete floating structure is economically attractive for permanent utilization on a production site. Furthermore, concrete has definite advantages over other materials, in its long term behavior.

Letourneur, O.; Falcimaigne, J.

1981-01-01

103

Drilling Productivity Report  

EIA Publications

Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) new Drilling Productivity Report (DPR) takes a fresh look at oil and natural gas production, starting with an assessment of how and where drilling for hydrocarbons is taking place. The DPR uses recent data on the total number of drilling rigs in operation along with estimates of drilling productivity and estimated changes in production from existing oil and natural gas wells to provide estimated changes in oil and natural gas production for six key fields. EIA's approach does not distinguish between oil-directed rigs and gas-directed rigs because once a well is completed it may produce both oil and gas; more than half of the wells produce both.

2015-01-01

104

Associated-quarkonium production  

E-print Network

We discuss the growing interest to measure associated-quarkonium production in a number of channels at the LHC. Whereas back-to-back production of quarkonium + isolated photon provides a unique way to extract gluon TMDs, observables such as quarkonium + W/Z can be of great help to better understand the quarkonium production mechanism as well as to shed light on double-parton scatterings. Along these lines, we also argue that quarkonium-pair production is a potentially rich source of information which only has started to be harvested. Finally, we discuss the relevance of studying the production of quarkonium + heavy-quark, as e.g. J/psi + charm and Upsilon + non-prompt J/psi.

J. P. Lansberg

2014-07-28

105

Recombinant organisms for production of industrial products  

PubMed Central

A revolution in industrial microbiology was sparked by the discoveries of ther double-stranded structure of DNA and the development of recombinant DNA technology. Traditional industrial microbiology was merged with molecular biology to yield improved recombinant processes for the industrial production of primary and secondary metabolites, protein biopharmaceuticals and industrial enzymes. Novel genetic techniques such as metabolic engineering, combinatorial biosynthesis and molecular breeding techniques and their modifications are contributing greatly to the development of improved industrial processes. In addition, functional genomics, proteomics and metabolomics are being exploited for the discovery of novel valuable small molecules for medicine as well as enzymes for catalysis. The sequencing of industrial microbal genomes is being carried out which bodes well for future process improvement and discovery of new industrial products. PMID:21326937

Adrio, Jose-Luis

2010-01-01

106

Blue World Products: Lassoâ?¢ Product Line  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lasso, a product of Blue World Communications, is a Macintosh-only CGI/WebStar plug-in that enables a FileMaker Pro database to be published on the web using format files. Any HTML editor can be used to create the format files. These HTML documents contain Lasso commands that determine the interaction between FileMaker Pro, the server, and Lasso. FM Link is an included application that allows for easy drag-and-drop of Lasso commands into the format files. Lasso can allow guests to add, delete, update, and search records. It also provides support for relations/portals, conditional replies, repeating fields, remote administration security, forwarding email and much more. Some examples of what can be created online are guest books, discussion forums, and catalogs. A demo version of this commercial product is available, and pricing information is listed at the site.

107

17 CFR 229.1204 - (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and production costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false (Item 1204) Oil and gas production...prices and production costs. 229.1204 Section...1204 (Item 1204) Oil and gas production...prices and production costs. (a) For each...conversion to synthetic oil or gas, the product's...prices, and production costs should be...

2011-04-01

108

Towards regional products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the last 17 years, altimeter Level 3 (along-track cross-calibrated SLA) and Level 4 products (merging multiple sensors as maps or time series) were developed in parallel with L2 (a.k.a GDR) processing improvements. Directly usable and easier to manipulate, L3/4 products are now vastly used in the user community. They contribute to various studies in different fields that cover the ocean, from climate and meteorological phenomena, to geophysics and biology. The quality and precision of these products were periodically improved, taking advantage of new missions and datasets of opportunity, advanced altimeter technology, improved L2 processing, but also from a better understanding of the ocean stemming from the analysis of past records. Moreover, as applications become more and more diversified, L3/L4 products are evolving to better fit users' needs. The data latency is improved with an "on the fly" RT (OGDR-based) data production. Regional L3/L4 products are developed, with higher resolution (still limited to temporal/spatial scales accessible to a small satellite constellation), as for Mozambique, European West Shelves, and Arctic areas. Different experimental datasets were made available for end users. They will be able to assess impact of different parameters on their applications. Their feedback will contribute to improve altimeter products.

Pujol, M.; Dibarboure, G.; Faugère, Y.; Bronner, E.

2011-12-01

109

IRIS Product Recommendations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents the Applied Meteorology Unit's (AMU) evaluation of SIGMET Inc.'s Integrated Radar Information System (IRIS) Product Generator and recommendations for products emphasizing lightning and microburst tools. The IRIS Product Generator processes radar reflectivity data from the Weather Surveillance Radar, model 74C (WSR-74C), located on Patrick Air Force Base. The IRIS System was upgraded from version 6.12 to version 7.05 in late December 1999. A statistical analysis of atmospheric temperature variability over the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) Weather Station provided guidance for the configuration of radar products that provide information on the mixed-phase (liquid and ice) region of clouds, between 0 C and -20 C. Mixed-phase processes at these temperatures are physically linked to electrification and the genesis of severe weather within convectively generated clouds. Day-to-day variations in the atmospheric temperature profile are of sufficient magnitude to warrant periodic reconfiguration of radar products intended for the interpretation of lightning and microburst potential of convectively generated clouds. The AMU also examined the radar volume-scan strategy to determine the scales of vertical gaps within the altitude range of the 0 C to -20 C isotherms over the Kennedy Space Center (KSC)/CCAFS area. This report present's two objective strategies for designing volume scans and proposes a modified scan strategy that reduces the average vertical gap by 37% as a means for improving radar observations of cloud characteristics in the critical 0 C to -20 C layer. The AMU recommends a total of 18 products, including 11 products that require use of the IRIS programming language and the IRIS User Product Insert feature. Included is a cell trends product and display, modeled after the WSR-88D cell trends display in use by the National Weather Service.

Short, David A.

2000-01-01

110

Biomass production in Florida  

SciTech Connect

Florida posseses climatic, land, and water resources favorable for abundant biomass production. Therefore, a statewide program has been initiated to determine adapted species for the available array of production sites. Plant resources under investigation include woody, aquatic, grasses, hydrocarbon, and root crop species. The goal is to produce a continuous stream of biomass for the various biofuel conversion options. Preliminary yields from energy cropping experiments range from about 10 to nearly 90 metric tons per hectare per year, depending on the crop and the production systems employed. (Refs. 15).

Smith, W.H.; Dowd, M.L.

1981-08-01

111

Research to products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because of the budgetary stridency, the future of long term Federal support for Smart Materials and Structures Technology is uncertain. Because of the near-term focus of commercial R&D industry is unlikely to invest large amounts of private funds without near term product sales. Therefore there is a need to accelerate the development of products from the Smart Materials and Structure research. The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) Advanced Materials and Processing Program endeavors to encourage productization through innovative government/industry programs. This paper discusses these issues in the context of the DoD dual-use technology strategy.

Crowe, C. Robert

1996-05-01

112

Fundamentals of energy production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The theory, methods of conversion, and costs of various energy sources, transformations, and production techniques are summarized. Specific attention is given to carbon-based fuels in liquid, gaseous, and solid forms and processes for producing synthetic fuels. Additional details are presented for hydrogen and biomass technologies, as well as nuclear fuel-based electricity production. Renewable energy methods are dealt with in terms of the potentials and current applications of tidal generating stations, hydroelectric installations, solar thermal and electrical energy production, and the development of large wind turbines. Consideration is given to the environmental effects of individual energy technologies, along with associated costs and transportability of the energy produced.

Harder, E. L.

113

Silicon production process evaluations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Chemical engineering analyses involving the preliminary process design of a plant (1,000 metric tons/year capacity) to produce silicon via the technology under consideration were accomplished. Major activities in the chemical engineering analyses included base case conditions, reaction chemistry, process flowsheet, material balance, energy balance, property data, equipment design, major equipment list, production labor and forward for economic analysis. The process design package provided detailed data for raw materials, utilities, major process equipment and production labor requirements necessary for polysilicon production in each process.

1982-01-01

114

Silicon production process evaluations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chemical engineering analyses involving the preliminary process design of a plant (1,000 metric tons/year capacity) to produce silicon via the technology under consideration were accomplished. Major activities in the chemical engineering analyses included base case conditions, reaction chemistry, process flowsheet, material balance, energy balance, property data, equipment design, major equipment list, production labor and forward for economic analysis. The process design package provided detailed data for raw materials, utilities, major process equipment and production labor requirements necessary for polysilicon production in each process.

1982-07-01

115

Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market  

E-print Network

Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co-Products Market This report identifies the bio-fuels and co & Earth Science & Technology ­ University of Hawai`i at Manoa #12;Biomass-Derived Energy Products and Co agency thereof. #12;Biomass Derived Energy Products and Co- Products Market and Off-take Study Hawaii

116

Hydrocodone Combination Products  

MedlinePLUS

... Other hydrocodone combination products are used to relieve cough. Hydrocodone is in a class of medications called ... and nervous system respond to pain. Hydrocodone relieves cough by decreasing activity in the part of the ...

117

Composite production riser assessment  

E-print Network

The performance of a deep water composite production riser from a system perspective is presented, and its advantages are articulated through comparisons with a typical steel riser under identical service conditions. The composite riser joints...

Kim, Won Ki

2007-09-17

118

Increasing Public Library Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests ways of improving productivity for public libraries faced with increased accountability, dwindling revenues, and continuing inflation. Techniques described include work simplification, work analysis, improved management, and employee motivation. (RAA)

Samuelson, Howard

1981-01-01

119

Texas Alfalfa Production  

E-print Network

With proper management, alfalfa will produce forage with the highest protein and total digestible nutrient of any hay crop. To aid in alfalfa production, this publication provides information on pre-plant factors, planting and stand establishment...

Stichler, Charles

1997-05-05

120

Radioactivity in consumer products  

SciTech Connect

Papers presented at the conference dealt with regulations and standards; general and biological risks; radioluminous materials; mining, agricultural, and construction materials containing radioactivity; and various products containing radioactive sources.

Moghissi, A.A.; Paras, P.; Carter, M.W.; Barker, R.F. (eds.)

1978-08-01

121

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

, (8) use of tires in low-cost construction materials and sound absorbing products. The largest of the most challenging problems of today is the need to find environmentally and economically sound solutions

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

122

Production of Shale Oil  

E-print Network

Intensive pre-project feasibility and engineering studies begun in 1979 have produced an outline plan for development of a major project for production of shale oil from private lands in the Piceance Basin in western Colorado. This outline plan...

Loper, R. D.

1982-01-01

123

The Integer Product Game  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Each of two players alternately selects an integer to multiply by another given integer to color the cell of an answer that matches a product on the game board. The first student to fill four cells in a row wins.

Connected Mathematics Project 2006

2010-05-17

124

Land Product Validation (LPV)  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation will discuss Land Product Validation (LPV) objectives and goals, LPV structure update, interactions with other initiatives during report period, outreach to the science community, future meetings and next steps.

Schaepman, Gabriela; Roman, Miguel O.

2013-01-01

125

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

, are gratefully acknowledged. #12;iii Executive Summary The main objective of this research project was to determine the value of coal-combustion products, specifically ASTM Class C fly ash, in reducing

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

126

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

and Mechanics College of Engineering and Applied Science #12;THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN - MILWAUKEE #12;- i ......................................................4 Wisconsin Department of Agriculture, Trade, and Consumer Protection.........................................................................................10 Participation by Other Industrial By-Products Generators

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

127

Nail Care Products  

MedlinePLUS

... used in a wide variety of products, from toys to carpeting and medical tubing. In nail polishes, ... Ingredient Review (CIR) Expert Panel is an independent, industry-funded panel of medical and toxicology experts that ...

128

Identifying Recalled Products  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Department of Health and Human Services FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration Protecting and Promoting Your Health ... Español Search FDA Submit search Popular Content Home Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & ...

129

JWST science data products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science data products for James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) ©observations will be generated by the Data Management Subsystem (DMS) within the JWST Science and Operations Center (S&OC) at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI). Data processing pipelines within the DMS will produce uncalibrated and calibrated exposure files, as well as higher level data products that result from combined exposures, such as mosaic images. Information to support the science observations, for example data from engineering telemetry, proposer inputs, and observation planning will be captured and incorporated into the science data products. All files will be generated in Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) format. The data products will be made available through the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST) and adhere to International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) standard data protocols.

Swade, Daryl; Bushouse, Howard; Greene, Gretchen; Swam, Michael

2014-07-01

130

FDA 101: Product Recalls  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... A to Z Index Follow FDA En Español Enter Search terms Home Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products ... been altered or updated since it was archived. Enter Search terms For Consumers Home For Consumers Consumer Updates Section ...

131

NOx production in lightning  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The rate of odd nitrogen (NOx) production by electrical discharge through air was theoretically and experimentally estimated to be about 60,000 trillion NOx molecules per joule. The theoretical treatment employed a cylindrical shock-wave solution to calculate the rate of NOx production in high temperature reactions. The limits obtained were experimentally verified by subjecting a regulated air flow to electrical discharges followed by a measurement of NOx production using chemiluminescence. These measurements also indicated that water vapor content has no detectable effect on the NOx production rate. The results imply that lightning is a significant source of NOx, producing about 30-40 megatons NOx-N per year and possibly accounting for as much as 50% of the total atmospheric NOx source.

Chameides, W. L.; Stedman, D. H.; Dickerson, R. R.; Rusch, D. W.; Cicerone, R. J.

1977-01-01

132

Ethanol production from lignocellulose  

DOEpatents

This invention presents a method of improving enzymatic degradation of lignocellulose, as in the production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, through the use of ultrasonic treatment. The invention shows that ultrasonic treatment reduces cellulase requirements by 1/3 to 1/2. With the cost of enzymes being a major problem in the cost-effective production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, this invention presents a significant improvement over presently available methods.

Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Wood, Brent E. (Gainesville, FL)

2001-01-01

133

$J/?$ production in PHENIX  

E-print Network

Heavy quarkonia production is expected to be sensitive to the formation of a quark gluon plasma (QGP). The PHENIX experiment has measured $J/\\psi$ production at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=$~200 GeV in Au+Au and Cu+Cu collisions, as well as in reference p+p and d+Au runs. $J/\\psi$'s were measured both at mid ($|y|color screening, recombination, sequential melting...).

Raphaël Granier de Cassagnac; for the PHENIX collaboration

2006-08-24

134

Pretreated densified biomass products  

DOEpatents

A product comprising at least one densified biomass particulate of a given mass having no added binder and comprised of a plurality of lignin-coated plant biomass fibers is provided, wherein the at least one densified biomass particulate has an intrinsic density substantially equivalent to a binder-containing densified biomass particulate of the same given mass and h a substantially smooth, non-flakey outer surface. Methods for using and making the product are also described.

Dale, Bruce E; Ritchie, Bryan; Marshall, Derek

2014-03-18

135

Optimal viral production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viruses reproduce by multiplying within host cells. The reproductive fitness of a virus is proportional to the number of offspring\\u000a it can produce during the lifetime of the cell it infects. If viral production rates are independent of cell death rate, then\\u000a one expects natural selection will favor viruses that maximize their production rates. However, if increases in the viral

Daniel Coombs; Michael A. Gilchrist; Jerome Percus; Alan S. Perelson

2003-01-01

136

Material and Energy Productivity  

PubMed Central

Resource productivity, measured as GDP output per resource input, is a widespread sustainability indicator combining economic and environmental information. Resource productivity is ubiquitous, from the IPAT identity to the analysis of dematerialization trends and policy goals. High resource productivity is interpreted as the sign of a resource-efficient, and hence more sustainable, economy. Its inverse, resource intensity (resource per GDP) has the reverse behavior, with higher values indicating environmentally inefficient economies. In this study, we investigate the global systematic relationship between material, energy and carbon productivities, and economic activity. We demonstrate that different types of materials and energy exhibit fundamentally different behaviors, depending on their international income elasticities of consumption. Biomass is completely inelastic, whereas fossil fuels tend to scale proportionally with income. Total materials or energy, as aggregates, have intermediate behavior, depending on the share of fossil fuels and other elastic resources. We show that a small inelastic share is sufficient for the total resource productivity to be significantly correlated with income. Our analysis calls into question the interpretation of resource productivity as a sustainability indicator. We conclude with suggestions for potential alternatives. PMID:21210661

2011-01-01

137

43 CFR 3931.70 - Production maps and production reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...MANAGEMENT (3000) MANAGEMENT OF OIL SHALE EXPLORATION AND LEASES Plans of... (a) Report production of all oil shale products or by-products to the...information that is applicable to oil shale operations. Well logs may be...

2014-10-01

138

43 CFR 3931.70 - Production maps and production reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MANAGEMENT (3000) MANAGEMENT OF OIL SHALE EXPLORATION AND LEASES Plans of... (a) Report production of all oil shale products or by-products to the...information that is applicable to oil shale operations. Well logs may be...

2012-10-01

139

43 CFR 3931.70 - Production maps and production reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MANAGEMENT (4000) MANAGEMENT OF OIL SHALE EXPLORATION AND LEASES Plans of... (a) Report production of all oil shale products or by-products to the...information that is applicable to oil shale operations. Well logs may be...

2011-10-01

140

43 CFR 3931.70 - Production maps and production reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MANAGEMENT (3000) MANAGEMENT OF OIL SHALE EXPLORATION AND LEASES Plans of... (a) Report production of all oil shale products or by-products to the...information that is applicable to oil shale operations. Well logs may be...

2013-10-01

141

Productivity prediction model based on Bayesian analysis and productivity console  

E-print Network

in poor planning and defies effective control of time and budgets in project management. In this research, we have built a productivity prediction model which uses productivity data from an ongoing project to reevaluate the initial productivity estimate...

Yun, Seok Jun

2005-08-29

142

Individuals in product development : interactions with teams and products  

E-print Network

This dissertation focuses on how individuals involved in complex product development operate and interact with other people in the project and how they perceive and modify the product. Complex product development requires ...

Castro, João Nuno Lopes

2010-01-01

143

The Economics of Product Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report of the National Commission on Product Safety stated that the American public is being exposed to many unreasonably hazardous products. Further, the post-accident remedies to compensate victims of product-related accidents are inadequate and encourage the continued production of unsafe products. It is believed that a shift in assignment of liability for accident costs from consumers to sellers would

Walter Y. Oi

1973-01-01

144

Electrical and Production Load Factors  

E-print Network

2. Comparison of SIC and NAICS Codes -20Food and Kindred Products 311 - Food Manufacturing 312 - Beverage and Tobacco Product Manufacturing 313 22 Textile Mill Products 315 23 Apparel And Other Finished Fabric Products 321 24 Lumber... -36Electronic And Other Electrical Equipment And Components, Except Computer Equipment Computer and Electronic Product Manufacturing Electrical Equipment, Appliance, and Component Manufacturing 336 37 Transportation Equipment -38...

Sen, T.; Heffington, W. M.

145

Survival through productivity improvement.  

PubMed

There are dozens of additional case studies as well as success stories. The number of ways in which the information can be presented is limited only by the creativity of the user. In order of importance, the three principles remain 1. Convert all data to ratios. 2. Study emerging trends in the way the ratio changes over time. 3. Compare changes over time as well as static ratios to an outside source. To begin this program one needs to see what information is available at a particular hospital. If no other acceptable statistic is available use adjusted patient days. It is important that a productivity tracking system not be delayed until a system for statistical reporting is developed. It is also important to keep the system simple. Productivity monitoring is difficult because it requires a new perspective. We are used to using historical data and unique characteristics of a hospital in the budget process. Productivity gains require a detached perspective. Often only an outsider can identify some examples of overstaffing. The process is difficult, but it is not complicated. Productivity experts tell us we can produce a service faster, cheaper, or better, but not all three. Health care quality control ensures a better service. A standard cost accounting system for the health care industry may provide a less expensive service through better cost control. Productivity--the ratio of work output to resource input (health care costs)--can be increased. To make productivity improvement work the users must take the view of the entire institution rather than that of a department. Productivity measuring is necessary to ensure the survival of hospitals. This process could have saved many of the hospitals that were forced to close, and it could improve the financial health of many hospitals today. PMID:10112252

Beck, D F; Dempsey, J

1991-09-01

146

PESTICIDE PRODUCT INFORMATION SYSTEM (PPIS)  

EPA Science Inventory

The Pesticide Product Information System (PPIS) contains information concerning all pesticide products registered in the United States. It includes registrant name and address, chemical ingredients, toxicity category, product names, distributor brand names, site/pest uses, pestic...

147

Design of product development systems  

E-print Network

The development of successful new products in less time and using fewer resources is key to the financial success of most consumer product companies. In this thesis we have studied the development of new products and how ...

Aguirre Granados, Adrian

2008-01-01

148

17 CFR 229.1204 - (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and production costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false (Item 1204) Oil and gas production...prices and production costs. 229.1204 Section...1204 (Item 1204) Oil and gas production...prices and production costs. (a) For each...computed using production costs disclosed pursuant to...Extractive Activities—Oil and Gas....

2014-04-01

149

17 CFR 229.1204 - (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and production costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false (Item 1204) Oil and gas production...prices and production costs. 229.1204 Section...1204 (Item 1204) Oil and gas production...prices and production costs. (a) For each...computed using production costs disclosed pursuant to...Extractive Activities—Oil and Gas....

2013-04-01

150

17 CFR 229.1204 - (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and production costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false (Item 1204) Oil and gas production...prices and production costs. 229.1204 Section...1204 (Item 1204) Oil and gas production...prices and production costs. (a) For each...computed using production costs disclosed pursuant to...Extractive Activities—Oil and Gas....

2012-04-01

151

17 CFR 229.1204 - (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and production costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production...product sold, of oil, gas, and other products...be made by geographical area and for each country...disclose, by geographical area: (1) The average...transfers) per unit of oil, gas and other products...

2010-04-01

152

Ecuador unveils products.  

PubMed

Ecuador's contraceptive social marketing program will be launched in January 1984 with distribution of a colored condom (Liber) and a low dose oral contraceptive (OC) (Evitex). The program, which is funded through a 3-year US$1.2 million award from the US Agency for International Development (USAID), is managed by the Ecuador family planning association. Due to the fluctuating foreign monetary exchange rate, product prices have not yet been determined. However, Liber sales are expected to benefit from a government decision that removed condoms from the list of favored import products. The products will be cautiously promoted through generic television advertisements on family planning. In Ecuador, contraceptive products are not mentioned by brand name. If public response to the general family planning messages are favorable, brand name advertisements will run in small newspapers and on the radio. Eventually, advertisements will be placed in the 2 national newspapers with the aim of stimulating support of contraceptive social marketing among key opinion makers. OCs and IUDs are the most popular birth control methods in Ecuador, but nonavailability of OCs has retarded family planning efforts. Evitex will be sold on a prescription basis through about 1800 pharmaceutical outlets, while Liber will be distributed through pharmacies and the country's 30,000 "Mom and Pop" stores. A 3rd product, a spermicidal foaming tablet (Orlinda), will be available for distribution in mid to late 1984. PMID:12313312

1984-01-01

153

Technology's Impact on Production  

SciTech Connect

As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Energy (DOE) - entitled Technology's Impact on Production: Developing Environmental Solutions at the State and National Level - the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has been tasked with assisting state governments in the effective, efficient, and environmentally sound regulation of the exploration and production of natural gas and crude oil, specifically in relation to orphaned and abandoned wells and wells nearing the end of productive life. Project goals include: (1) Developing (a) a model framework for prioritization and ranking of orphaned or abandoned well sites; (b) a model framework for disbursement of Energy Policy Act of 2005 funding; and (c) a research study regarding the current status of orphaned wells in the nation. (2) Researching the impact of new technologies on environmental protection from a regulatory perspective. Research will identify and document (a) state reactions to changing technology and knowledge; (b) how those reactions support state environmental conservation and public health; and (c) the impact of those reactions on oil and natural gas production. (3) Assessing emergent technology issues associated with wells nearing the end of productive life. Including: (a) location of orphaned and abandoned well sites; (b) well site remediation; (c) plugging materials; (d) plug placement; (e) the current regulatory environment; and (f) the identification of emergent technologies affecting end of life wells. New Energy Technologies - Regulating Change, is the result of research performed for Tasks 2 and 3.

Rachel Amann; Ellis Deweese; Deborah Shipman

2009-06-30

154

New Product Launching Ideas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Launching a new product can be a tense time for a small or large business. There are those moments when you wonder if all of the work done to develop the product will pay off in revenue, but there are many things are can do to help increase the likelihood of a successful product launch. An open-minded consumer-oriented approach is imperative in todayís diverse global marketplace so a firm can identify and serve its target market, minimize dissatisfaction, and stay ahead of competitors. Final consumers purchase for personal, family, or household use. Finally, the kind of information that the marketing team needs to provide customers in different buying situations. In high-involvement decisions, the marketer needs to provide a good deal of information about the positive consequences of buying. The sales force may need to stress the important attributes of the product, the advantages compared with the competition; and maybe even encourage ìtrialî or ìsamplingî of the product in the hope of securing the sale. The final stage is the post-purchase evaluation of the decision. It is common for customers to experience concerns after making a purchase decision. This arises from a concept that is known as ìcognitive dissonance

Kiruthika, E.

2012-09-01

155

Photobiological hydrogen production.  

PubMed

The principles and recent progress in the research and development of photobiological hydrogen production are reviewed. Cyanobacteria produce hydrogen gas using nitrogenase and/or hydrogenase. Hydrogen production mediated by native hydrogenases in cyanobacteria occurs under in the dark under anaerobic conditions by degradation of intracellular glycogen. In vitro and in vivo coupling of the cyanobacterial photosynthetic system with a clostridial hydrogenase via cyanobacterial ferredoxin was demonstrated in the presence of light. Genetic transformation of Synechococcus PCC7942 with the hydrogenase gene from Clostridium pasteurianum was successful; the active enzyme was expressed in PCC7942. The strong hydrogen producers among photosynthetic bacteria were isolated and characterized. Coculture of Rhodobacter and Clostriudium was applied for hydrogen production from glucose. A mutant strain of Rhodobacter sphaeroides RV whose light-harvesting proteins were altered was obtained by UV irradiation. Hydrogen productivity by the mutant was improved when irradiated with monochromatic light of some wavelengths. The development of photobioreactors for hydrogen production is also reviewed. PMID:16232564

Asada, Y; Miyake, J

1999-01-01

156

A Quantum Production Model  

E-print Network

The production system is a theoretical model of computation relevant to the artificial intelligence field allowing for problem solving procedures such as hierarchical tree search. In this work we explore some of the connections between artificial intelligence and quantum computation by presenting a model for a quantum production system. Our approach focuses on initially developing a model for a reversible production system which is a simple mapping of Bennett's reversible Turing machine. We then expand on this result in order to accommodate for the requirements of quantum computation. We present the details of how our proposition can be used alongside Grover's algorithm in order to yield a speedup comparatively to its classical counterpart. We discuss the requirements associated with such a speedup and how it compares against a similar quantum hierarchical search approach.

Luís Tarrataca; Andreas Wichert

2015-02-06

157

Converting Biomass to Products  

SciTech Connect

For nearly 30 years, PNNL has been developing and applying novel thermal, chemical and biological processes to convert biomass to industrial and consumer products, fuels and energy. Honors for technologies resulting from this research include the Presidential Green Chemistry Award and several Federal Laboratory Consortium and R&D 100 Awards. PNNL’s research and development activities address the complete processing scheme, from feedstock pretreatment to purified product recovery. The laboratory applies fundamental science and advanced engineering capabilities to biomass conversion and processing to ensure effective recovery of optimal value from biomass; carbohydrate polymer systems to maximize energy efficiencies; and micro-technology systems for separation and conversion processes. For example, bioproducts researchers in the laboratory’s Institute for Interfacial Catalysis develop and demonstrate the utility of new catalyst formulations for production of bio-based chemicals. This article describes a sampling of current and recent catalysis projects for biomass conversion.

Graybeal, Judith W.

2006-06-01

158

Bioactive oligosaccharide natural products.  

PubMed

Covering up to December 2013. Oligosaccharide natural products target a wide spectrum of biological processes including disruption of cell wall biosynthesis, interference of bacterial translation, and inhibition of human ?-amylase. Correspondingly, oligosaccharides possess the potential for development as treatments of such diverse diseases as bacterial infections and type II diabetes. Despite their potent and selective activities and potential clinical relevance, isolated bioactive secondary metabolic oligosaccharides are less prevalent than other classes of natural products and their biosynthesis has received comparatively less attention. This review highlights the unique modes of action and biosynthesis of four classes of bioactive oligosaccharides: the orthosomycins, moenomycins, saccharomicins, and acarviostatins. PMID:24883430

McCranie, Emilianne K; Bachmann, Brian O

2014-08-01

159

Top quark production  

E-print Network

We review the current status of the cross sections measurement of the top-quark at the LHC and at the Tevatron. Total production cross sections, studies using single top quark events and differential $\\rm{t}\\bar{\\rm t}$ cross sections are discussed. The associated production of top quark pairs with photons, Z and W bosons, including $\\rm{t}\\bar{\\rm t}$Z and $\\rm{t}\\bar{\\rm t}$W measurements shown for the first time at LHCP2014, are presented.

Mara Senghi Soares

2014-09-25

160

Medical Products Research  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ventrex Laboratories, Inc. develops, manufactures and markets a line of medical diagnostic assays based on biochemical techniques, in particular immunochemical techniques. Their products are sold worldwide to hospitals and medical laboratories for use in testing blood samples and other biological fluids. Analysis of a patient's body fluids, compared with normal values, aids a physician in confirming or otherwise diagnosing a suspected disease condition. NERAC's rapid information retrieval has provided Ventrex invaluable up-to-date information, and has permitted large scale savings. NERAC's service was particularly important in the development of a new product in the company's Ventre/Sep line, which is used in radioimmunoassays.

1982-01-01

161

Crop Production: Annual Summary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) (described in the June 4, 1998 Scout Report for Business and Economics) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has recently released the annual summary of US crop production. Available in text or .pdf format, the summary contains "annual US data for acreage, yield, and production by crop." In addition to statistical tables, the report includes reviews of crop progress and the weather in 1998. Reports from 1995-98 are also available in text format only.

162

Cu-67 Photonuclear Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cu-67 is considered as one of the most promising radioisotopes for cancer therapy with monoclonal antibodies. Current production schemes using high-flux reactors and cyclotrons do not meet potential market need. In this paper we discuss Cu-67 photonuclear production through the reaction Zn-68(?,p)Cu-67. Computer simulations were done together with experiments to study and optimize Cu-67 yield in natural Zn target. The data confirms that the photonuclear method has potential to produce large quantities of the isotope with sufficient purity to be used in medical field.

Starovoitova, Valeriia; Foote, Davy; Harris, Jason; Makarashvili, Vakhtang; Segebade, Christian R.; Sinha, Vaibhav; Wells, Douglas P.

2011-06-01

163

Land consolidation and productivity in Chinese household crop production  

Microsoft Academic Search

A production function approach is used on data from 227 Chinese farm households to evaluate the effectiveness of land consolidation projects in the comprehensive agricultural development (CAD) program. Although the program did not reduce land fragmentation it has improved land quality and possibly facilitated adjustment of production structure. It has directly improved the productivity of household crop production, contributing 1.52%

Ziping Wu; Minquan Liu; John Davis

2005-01-01

164

Productivity Sharing Programs: Can They Contribute to Productivity Improvement?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Productivity sharing plans were studied to determine how they operate, what benefits result, and whether long-term increases in productivity can be realized through the program. Thirty-six firms were interviewed that had productivity sharing plans. Nine firms that had either rejected adoption of a productivity sharing plan or were still…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

165

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

pulp and paper mills were included in concrete. The average length of wood micro-fibers from resistant to FT with the use of the wood micro-fibers from pulp and paper mills. It was concludedCenter for By-Products Utilization USE OF WOOD MICRO-FIBERS TO INCREASE FREEZING AND THAWING

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

166

Early Humour Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current studies explored early humour as a complex socio-cognitive phenomenon by examining 2- and 3-year-olds' humour production with their parents. We examined whether children produced novel humour, whether they cued their humour, and the types of humour produced. Forty-seven parents were interviewed, and videotaped joking with their…

Hoicka, Elena; Akhtar, Nameera

2012-01-01

167

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

% cement replacement levels) of Class C fly ash can be manufactured for compressive strength exceeding 100 received his Ph.D. in Solid Biomechanics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research interests with and without by-products, and soil and groundwater remediation technologies including bioremediation. ACI

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

168

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

proportioned for strength levels in the range of 0.3 to 0.7 MPa (50 to 100 psi), at 28 days, using two sources of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. He received his Ph.D. in Solid Biomechanics from the University of Wisconsin concrete made with and without by-products, and soil and groundwater remediation technologies including

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

169

Data Products on Cloud  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This presentation lays out the data processing products that exist and are planned for the Matsu cloud for Earth Observing 1. The presentation focuses on a new feature called co-registration of Earth Observing 1 with Landsat Global Land Survey chips.

Ly, Vuong T.; Mandl, Daniel J.

2014-01-01

170

Graviton Production at CLIC  

E-print Network

Direct production of Kaluza-Klein states in the TeV range is studied for the experimental environment at the multi-TeV $e^+e^-$ collider CLIC. The sensitivity of such data to model parameters is discussed for the Randall-Sundrum(RS) and TeV scale extra dimensional models.

M. Battaglia; A. De Roeck; T. Rizzo

2001-12-12

171

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

of these 5.5 million tons of Illinois coal combustion products are landfilled and/or ponded near the plant million tons). Illinois coal, when it is burned in conventional boilers, produces Class F, low-lime, fly ash. In general, utilization rate of Class F fly ash in U.S.A. is lower relative to Class C, high-lime

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

172

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

fly ash (low-calcium) and Class C fly ash (high-calcium). Class F fly ash is produced from combustionCenter for By-Products Utilization MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING HIGH-CALCIUM FLY #12;2 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING HIGH-CALCIUM FLY ASH - A REVIEW By Tarun R. Naik

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

173

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization DEICING SALT SCALING RESISTANCE OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE of used foundry sand and fly ash in CLSM (Controlled Low Strength Materials), evaluation and development USING VARIOUS SOURCES OF FLY ASH By Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh, Rudolph N. Kraus, and Mohammad M

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

174

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

was proposed as the first of a two-phase project to test high-carbon fly ash as a component of Controlled Low Using High Carbon Fly Ash and Concrete By Rudolph N. Kraus, Tarun R. Naik, and David Yu Report No. CBU High Carbon Fly Ash By Rudolph N. Kraus Center for By-Products Utilization University of Wisconsin

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

175

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

-setting times were relatively unaffected at low-percentage replacement of cement with Class C fly ash, although-entraining admixture (AEA), concrete, fly ash, gypsum, high-range water-reducing admixture (HRWRA), paste, retarderCenter for By-Products Utilization INFLUENCE OF FLY ASH AND CHEMICAL ADMIXTURES ON THE SETTING TIME

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

176

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

of A SCE. #12;Presently, however, Class C (high calcium) fly ash, which is produced by burning low- sulfurCenter for By-Products Utilization HIGH-STRENGTH CONCRETE CONTAINING LARGE QUANTITIES OF FLY ASH research performed to identify and recommend mix designs for high fly ash content 3OW and 4000 psi (21

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

177

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

. Therefore, in order to produce a good quality of low-cost concretes, addition of fly ash appear for obtaining adequate resistance to freezing and thawing actions if concrete has high strength and lowCenter for By-Products Utilization EFFECTS OF AIR CONTENT AND FLY ASH ON PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

178

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

of feasibility of using high-carbon fly ash in manufacturing electrically conductive controlled low- strengthCenter for By-Products Utilization USE OF HIGH-CARBON FLY ASH IN MANUFACTURING CONDUCTIVE CLSM THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN ­ MILWAUKEE #12;1 Use of High-Carbon Fly Ash in Manufacturing Conductive CLSM

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

179

Consumer Product Safety Commission  

MedlinePLUS

... Alarms October 28 2014 Baja and One World Technologies Agree to $4.3 Million Civil Penalty, Internal Compliance Improvements for Failure to Report Defective Minibikes and Go-Carts October 27 2014 CPSC Announces Winners of First-Ever Apps Challenge New Apps Help Consumers Track Recalls Product Safety ...

180

STORED PRODUCT INSECT BEHAVIOR  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

What makes an insect a pest of the food industry? Any answer to this question likely involves some aspect of the pest’s behavior. Stored-product insects have a diverse array of behavioral traits that enable them to thrive in the environments created by humans for the processing and storage of food...

181

Sugarbeet co-products  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Sugarbeet is one of the main sugar crops in the world. In the search for sustainability and economic value, the complete utilization of the crop is necessary. In addition to sugar and animal feed, Sugarbeets can provide many value-added co-products for biofuels, human nutrition, plastics, and ph...

182

Fixing Maintenance Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how one university's facility managers use Nextel communications technology in conjunction with a Famis Software maintenance management system to improve the productivity of its maintenance technicians. The system uses a wireless Internet connection to automate the flow of work order information to and from technicians. The key to these…

Fickes, Michael

2003-01-01

183

Electrolytic tritium production  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports fifty-three electrolytic cells of various configurations and electrode compositions examined for tritium production. Significant tritium was found in 11 cells at levels between 1.5 and 80 times the starting concentration after enrichment corrections are made.

Edmund Storms; Carol Talcott

1990-01-01

184

Increasing Productivity at Saturn  

Microsoft Academic Search

To remain competitive, manufacturing enterprises must increase and simultaneously reduce costs. This requires daily and long term examination and analysis of a plant's functions and operations. Using this data, an enterprise can identify production flow bottlenecks and analyze capacity and other factors, which in turn helps identify improvement opportunities. While such information is critical, it is often a challenge to

Earl Long; Amit Misra; Janos Sztipanovits

1998-01-01

185

Commercial Egg Production.  

E-print Network

of week No. of hens (end of week x 7) - TOTAL MASH KIND OF GRAIN FEED Total T-b-I pounds feed used .- - -- Pounds of feed per dozen -eggs. Lvkur dozen eggs laid .. . I. . Floc!~ notes: ., I. EGG PRODUCTION FLOCK RESULT SUMPc,, ,,. , EXPENSES...

Wormeli, B. C.; Griffin, B. J.

1958-01-01

186

Models for Products  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores how models can support productive thinking. For us a model is a "thing", a tool to help make sense of something. We restrict attention to specific models for whole-number multiplication, hence the wording of the title. They support evolving thinking in large measure through the ways their users redesign them. They assume new…

Speiser, Bob; Walter, Chuck

2011-01-01

187

Chemicals and Allied Products.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a literature review of wastes from chemical industry, covering publications of 1976-77. This review covers: (1) wastewater treatment by-product type; (2) biological, and physical/chemical treatments; and (3) source treatment. A list of 80 references is also presented. (HM)

Nelson, R. F.; Hovious, J. C.

1978-01-01

188

Glutathione Production in Yeast  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Glutathione, ? -glutamyl-cysteinyl-glycine, is the most abundant non-protein thiol found in almost all eukaryotic cells (and in some prokaryotes). The tripeptide, which is synthesized non-ribosomally by the consecutive action of two soluble enzymes, is needed for carrying out numerous functions in the cell, most important of which is the maintenance of the redox buffer. The cycle of glutathione biosynthesis and degradation forms part of the ? -glutamyl cycle in most organisms although the latter half of the pathway has not been demonstrated in yeasts. Our current understanding of how glutathione levels are controlled at different levels in the cell is described. Several different routes and processes have been attempted to increase commercial production of glutathione using both yeast and bacteria. In this article we discuss the history of glutathione production in yeast. The current bottlenecks for increased glutathione production are presented based on our current understanding of the regulation of glutathione homeostasis, and possible strategies for overcoming these limitations for further enhancing and improving glutathione production are discussed

Bachhawat, Anand K.; Ganguli, Dwaipayan; Kaur, Jaspreet; Kasturia, Neha; Thakur, Anil; Kaur, Hardeep; Kumar, Akhilesh; Yadav, Amit

189

Organic strawberry production manual  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Modern commercial organic strawberry production is a technical undertaking that encompasses many factors and poses many challenges. Growers must be aware of the compatibility of specific strawberry varieties with local climate, soil, plant pathogens, insect pests, and harvest schedules. Growers must...

190

Productivity & Energy Flow  

E-print Network

The feeding activities of a few keystone species may control the structure of communities Know Paine's Starfish Mutualists can act as keystone species Summary (continued) Terrestrial productivity is generally the feeding relationships in a community Indirect interactions between species are fundamental to communities

Mitchell, Randall J.

191

Derandomized Graph Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Berman and Schnitger [10] gave a randomized reduction from approximating MAXSNPproblems [24] within constant factors arbitrarily close to 1 to approximating cliquewithin a factor of nffl(for some ffl). This reduction was further studied by Blum [11],who gave it the name randomized graph products. We show that this reduction can bemade deterministic (derandomized), using random walks on expander graphs [1]. Themain

Noga Alon; Uriel Feige; Avi Wigderson; David Zuckerman

1995-01-01

192

Brake Lining Decomposition Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of investigators have found asbestos bodies in the lungs of urban residents who were not occupationally exposed to asbestos. A relationship between the carinogenic properties of asbestos and the urban excess of lung cancer has been suggested. The decomposition products of brake linings have been described as a possible source of these fibers. Brake testing laboratory methods were

Jeremiah R. Lynch

1968-01-01

193

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON HIGH-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE By Tarun R and Applied Science THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN -MILWAUKEE #12;1 Temperature Effects On High, to simulate hot weather curing. Tests were conducted to study the influence of temperature on compressive

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

194

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

the effects of temperature on the strength and durability of high-performance concrete (HPC) systems. TwoCenter for By-Products Utilization BEHAVIOR OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE IN SUMMER WEATHER By TarunNatural Pozzolans, March 14-19, 1999, Chicago, IL. Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics College

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

195

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE AND FLY ASH ON BEHAVIOR OF HIGH THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN - MILWAUKEE #12;EFFECTS OF TEMPERATURE AND FLY ASH ON BEHAVIOR OF HIGH, to simulate hot weather curing. Tests were conducted to study the influence of temperature on compressive

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

196

Innovating blackberry production system  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This article provides an overview of progress made on the blackberry production system at the Appalachian Fruit Research Station in Kearneysville, WV. Several lines of research have made a significant positive impact to the blackberry industry as the new technology has have been successfully transf...

197

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Wood ash is generated as a by-product of combustion from boilers at pulp and paper mills, steam power plants, and other thermal power generating facilities. Since wood is a renewable resource for energy. These properties depend upon several factors including type and source of wood, design and operating parameters

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

198

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

installed at a boiler was composed of a circulating fluidized bed boiler. The boiler was designed to operate International Conference on "Ashes from Power Generation", Warsaw, Poland, October 2003. Department of Civil that physical and chemical properties of the AFBC by-products could vary from plant to plant depending upon type

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

199

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

, and other organic matter generate CO2. Oil or coal burning power plants and cement producing industries of organic materials (e.g., wood, coal, oil, and other fuels), or by human and animal metabolism (respiration) in which oxygen is utilized and CO2 is given off as an end-product [1]. Also, dead animals, plants

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

200

Production and Transmission Measurement  

E-print Network

.butterflies.com #12;Porphyrins Bird photos from Schalow's turaco Great frigatebird #12;Melanin and Guanine · Melanin ­ Large protein that absorbs all wavelengths and, therefore, appears black ­ Present regulation of melanin production during hair follicle growth, e.g. agouti phenotype: dark

Wilkinson, Gerald S.

201

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization RECYCLING OF RESIDUAL SOLIDS FROM WISCONSIN PULP AND PAPER Sheet for 2004-2005 Funding Request Project Title Recycling of Residual Solids from Wisconsin Pulp and paper mill residual solids; and to study the technical, economical, and performance benefits of using

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

202

Organic watermelon production systems  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The increasing perception by consumers that organic food tastes better and is healthier continues to expand the demand for organically produced crops. Research investigating certified organic production requires a systems approach to determine the optimum combination of individual components to max...

203

Exploring Products: Nano Fabrics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners explore how the application of nano-sized "whiskers" can protect clothing from stains. Learners investigate the hydrophobic properties of pants made from nano fabric and ordinary fabric. Use this activity to talk about products that we can already buy that use nanotechnology, like treated fabrics, water filters, sunscreen and stuffed animals that have silver nanoparticles.

Nanoscale Informal Science Education Network

2010-01-01

204

Means of Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No one who's worked in higher education will ever confuse the experience with working in the corporate sector. Colleges and universities are simply not geared for the business of manufacturing or marketing products. The focus--as it should be--is on teaching and research. Given the wealth of talent among IT staff and faculty, however, higher ed…

Raths, David

2012-01-01

205

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

, bottom ash, boiler slag, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) products from pulverized coal and advanced slag were produced in the world in 1989, only 90 Mt of this (16% of the total) was utilized [1, 2]. In 1992, based on available data, over 370 Mt of fly ash and 90 Mt of bottom ash and boiler slag were

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

206

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

.P.----superplasticizer R.W.R.---retarding water-reducer Fly ash: its chemical compositions and physical propertiesCenter for By-Products Utilization THE USE OF FLY ASH IN PUMPABLE MASS CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik and Dean M. Golden, "The Use of Fly Ash in Pumpable Mass Concrete Department of Civil Engineering

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

207

Byproducts to New Products  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The Alaska fisheries industry harvests over 2 million metric tons of wild fish annually, and after processing, over 1 million metric tons of fish byproducts are produced. This presentation will discuss current utilization of products made from fish byproducts in Alaska, and opportunities for enhanci...

208

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

%. Using such accelerated carbonation conditions, a much higher rate of carbonation in concrete could #12 concrete increased with increase in the percent of cement replacement with fly ash. INTRODUCTION Carbon of cement with mineral additives. The carbonation of cement-based products is of great importance as it has

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

209

Tobacco companies and products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tobacco companies have been restricted in what they can do to advertise their products. Some have been accused of soliciting children to begin smoking. Most tobacco companies are required to place some type of warning label on their packages warning smokers of the diseases that tobacco use can cause.

Adrian Pingstone (None; )

2008-03-19

210

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

By Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh, Calvin O. Huber, and Brian S. Brodersen CBU-1996-01 REP-251 December 1994-Products Utilization Calvin O. Huber Professor, Department of Chemistry and Laboratory for Surface Studies and Brian S in the country. Cement-based materials are inherently brittle in nature and have low fracture toughness due

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

211

Worldwide Production of Blackberries  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

A survey of blackberry production conducted in 2005 found that an estimated 20,035 ha of blackberries were planted and commercially cultivated worldwide, a 45% increase from estimated area in 1995. In Europe, 7692 ha of black berries were commercially cultivated with Serbia accounting for 69% of the...

212

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

resistance. The Series 3 investigation consisted of four separate studies (study 3A, 3B, 3C, and 3D) which. Hossain Report No. REP-250 December 1994 Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics College Research Associate, Center for By-Products Utilization Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

213

Soybean Production Lesson Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These lesson plans for teaching soybean production in a secondary or postsecondary vocational agriculture class are organized in nine units and cover the following topics: raising soybeans, optimum tillage, fertilizer and lime, seed selection, pest management, planting, troubleshooting, double cropping, and harvesting. Each lesson plan contains…

Carlson, Keith R.

214

Productivity Workshop Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents a plan for conducting productivity workshops sponsored by state vocational education agencies for state agency staff, field vocational educators, and representatives of businesses and industry. The rationale is discussed, and workshop goals and objectives are stated. Suggested procedures are described for the attainment of…

Drewes, Donald W.

215

Competitive Product Advantages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cost advantages may be either internal or external. Internal economics of scope, scale, or experience, and external economies of focus or logistical inte¬gration, enable a company to produce some products at a lower cost than the competition. The coordination of pricing with suppliers, although not actually economizing resources, can improve the efficiency of pricing by avoiding the incrementalization of a

Angela Eliza Micu; Adrian Micu

2006-01-01

216

Agrometeorology and cotton production  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Cotton is a deciduous, indeterminate perennial plant that is cultivated as an annual in modern production systems. While the amount of time that the ambient air temperature remains within an optimum range (approximately 15.5 to 32.2 degrees C) is a principal factor determining the pace of cotton gr...

217

Hydrogen production from biomass  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biomass energy encompasses a broad category of energy derived from plants and animals as well as the residual materials from each. Hydrogen gas is an effective energy carrier which burns cleanly producing water as the only product. Hydrogen produced from a renewable source such as biomass provides a domestically available, CO2 neutral, non-polluting form of energy. The goal of the work presented in this thesis was to develop two different methods to produce hydrogen gas using biomass as a renewable energy source. The first method was to produce hydrogen using photosynthetic algae. C. reinhardtii has been shown to produce hydrogen using light as an energy source. The objective of this work was to increase hydrogen production by (a) manipulating process variables such as cell concentration, light intensity, and reactor design and (b) immobilizing the algal cells to increase photosynthetic efficiency and address production limitations. The second method of hydrogen production explored was gasification of biomass using supercritical water (SCW). A continuous SCW reactor was constructed to increase capacity and understand the optimum conditions necessary to gasify model compounds. Increasing the capacity of SCW reactors and understanding how basic components of biomass react may lead to further development of this technology.

Hahn, John J.

218

Algae in Animal Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary • In the context of threats to fragile environments, there is a need in animal production to identify alternative feed resources, which are environmentally friendly, but at the same time utilize natural resources efficiently. Algae are autotrophic organisms, which have potentia as food and feed for man and animals. They are rich in protein (50-60%), lipids (2-22%), vitamins and

S. A. Chowdhury; K. S. Huque; M. Khatun

219

Total Productive Maintenance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Kaye Krueger of Wisconsin Online Resource Center, this presentation allows user to read about how total productive maintenance can prevent breakdowns, defects, and a variety of other losses. This is a nice brief introduction to this important topic in manufacturing engineering.

Krueger, Kaye

220

Designing for Productive Failure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we describe the design principles undergirding "productive failure" (PF; M. Kapur, 2008). We then report findings from an ongoing program of research on PF in mathematical problem solving in 3 Singapore public schools with significantly different mathematical ability profiles, ranging from average to lower ability. In the 1st…

Kapur, Manu; Bielaczyc, Katerine

2012-01-01

221

FUNGAL PRODUCTS AS FOOD  

Microsoft Academic Search

10.1 Summary Fungi are ideal food because they have a fairly high content of protein (typically 20-30% dry matter as crude protein) which contains all of the essential amino acids. Fungal biomass is also a source of dietary fibre, and is virtually free of cholesterol. Mushrooms are cultivated around the world, global annual production being in the region of 8

David Moore; Siu Wai Chiu

2001-01-01

222

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization ABRASION RESISTANCE OF CONCRETE AS A FUNCTION OF INCLUSION THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN - MILWAUKEE #12;ABRASION RESISTANCE OF CONCRETE AS A FUNCTION OF INCLUSION OF FLY ASH of temperature and fly ash addition on concrete strength and abrasion resistance under simulated hot weather

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

223

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization EFFECT OF SOURCE OF FLY ASH ON ABRASION RESISTANCE OF CONCRETE-MILWAUKEE #12;2 EFFECT OF SOURCE OF FLY ASH ON ABRASION RESISTANCE OF CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh and amount of fly ash on abrasion resistance of concrete. A reference concrete was proportioned to have a 28

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

224

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

and paving stones to freezing and thawing decreased sharply with increasing ash contents. Abrasion resistance-collected coarse ash decreased compressive strength of cast-concrete products. The resistance of hollow blocks and thawing is a concern. They could also be used outdoors in a moderate climate. Keywords: abrasion

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

225

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization ABRASION RESISTANCE OF AIR-ENTRAINED CONCRETE MADE WITH VARIOUS OF WISCONSIN - MILWAUKEE #12;ABRASION RESISTANCE OF AIR-ENTRAINED CONCRETE MADE WITH VARIOUS SOURCES OF FLY ASH the effects of the source and amount of fly ash on abrasion resistance of concrete. A reference concrete

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

226

Butadiene production process overview.  

PubMed

Over 95% of butadiene is produced as a by-product of ethylene production from steam crackers. The crude C4 stream isolated from the steam cracking process is fed to butadiene extraction units, where butadiene is separated from the other C4s by extractive distillation. The amount of crude C4s produced in steam cracking is dependent on the composition of the feed to the cracking unit. Heavier feeds, such as naphtha, yield higher amounts of C4s and butadiene than do lighter feeds. Crackers using light feeds typically produce low quantities of C4s and do not have butadiene extraction units. Overall butadiene capacity is determined by ethylene cracker operating rates, the type of feed being cracked, and availability of butadiene extraction capacity. Global butadiene capacity is approximately 10.5 million metric tons, and global production is approximately 9 million metric tons [Chemical Marketing Associates, Inc. (CMAI), 2005 World Butadiene Analysis, Chemical Marketing Associates, Inc. (CMAI), 2005]. Crude C4s are traded globally, with the United States being the only significant net importer. Finished butadiene is also traded globally, with the largest exporters being Canada, Western Europe, Saudi Arabia and Korea. The largest net importers are Mexico, the United States and China. The global demand for butadiene is approximately 9 million metric tons [Chemical Marketing Associates, Inc. (CMAI), 2005 World Butadiene Analysis, Chemical Marketing Associates, Inc. (CMAI), 2005]. Production of styrene-butadiene rubber and polybutadiene rubber accounts for about 54% of global butadiene demand, with tire production being the single most important end use of butadiene synthetic rubbers. Other major butadiene derivatives are acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and styrene butadiene latex (about 24% of demand combined). PMID:17324391

White, Wm Claude

2007-03-20

227

Productivity Trends in Intercity Trucking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Productivity trends indicate intercity trucking productivity increased an average 2.7 percent a year, a fairly uniform increased productivity rate but substantially lower as compared to air carrier, railroad, and pipeline transportation. Factors affecting productivity are gradual introduction of technological innovation, larger capacity trucks,…

Carnes, Richard B.

1974-01-01

228

Biotechnological production of pyruvic acid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pyruvic acid is an important organic acid widely used in the chemical and drug, as well as agrochemical, industries. Compared with the chemical method, biotechnological production of pyruvic acid is an alternative approach because of the low cost. An overview of biotechnological production of pyruvate, including direct fermentative production employing eukaryotic and prokaryotic microorganisms, production by a resting cell method

Y. Li; J. Chen; S.-Y. Lun

2001-01-01

229

NATURAL PRODUCTS FOR PEST MANAGEMENT  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The topic of natural products as pesticides is reviewed, with a discussion of the advantages and disadvantages of adopting a natural product-based strategy for pesticide discovery. Current and past natural product and natural product-based herbicides, insecticides, fungicides, molluscicides, rodent...

230

Adding Value to Agricultural Products  

E-print Network

business enterprise can be thought of as a value chain. Each activity that is performed should add value to the product. To do this, one must meticulously control the activities at each step in the value chain: procurement of inputs; converting inputs... into products; marketing and sales; supply chain logistics; and customer service activities. A new value-added business should focus on the product?s uniqueness. The uniqueness of your product or service (the value you add) is what ultimately attracts...

Anderson, David P.; Hanselka, Daniel

2009-06-01

231

Exploring Nanotechnology through Consumer Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson, presented by the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network, covers nanotechnology in consumer products. First, the instructor presents an introductory PowerPoint and then "students are given a chance in groups to explore consumer products through an information sheet provided over available consumer products." A Teacher Preparation Guide, Student Guide, PowerPoint presentation, Nano Products Resource Guide, as well as a wide variety of product information sheets are included. 

232

Sustainable Multi-Product Seafood Production Planning Under Uncertainty  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A multi-product fish production planning produces simultaneously multi fish products from several classes of raw resources. The goal in sustainable production planning is to meet customer demand over a fixed time horizon divided into planning periods by optimizing the tradeoff between economic objectives such as production cost, waste processed cost, and customer satisfaction level. The major decisions are production and inventory levels for each product and the number of workforce in each planning period. In this paper we consider the management of small scale traditional business at North Sumatera Province which performs processing fish into several local seafood products. The inherent uncertainty of data (e.g. demand, fish availability), together with the sequential evolution of data over time leads the sustainable production planning problem to a nonlinear mixed-integer stochastic programming model. We use scenario generation based approach and feasible neighborhood search for solving the model.

Simanjuntak, Ruth; Sembiring, Monalisa; Sinaga, Rani; Pakpahan, Endang J.; Mawengkang, Herman

2013-04-01

233

Basics of Electrical Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This course is one of the quickStep series offered by Siemens in Electrical Products. These are FREE on-line industrial knowledge building tutorials. quickSTEPs are a great start for industry novices moving into technical jobs or staff in operational support rolls. They can also be very effectively used as out of class assignments for review or to build fundamental skills. Each course includes: -an online tutorial organized as a number of units and lessons with self check quiz questions-a glossary of terms-a self-check final exam with scoring -an extensive downloadable pdf study guideThis course on the basics of electrical products covers residential, commerical, and industrial applications.

234

Essential Learning Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Formerly TeacherNet, Essential Learning Products caters to the educational resource needs of K-8 educators, and is certainly one that is worth taking some time to browse through. Developed by the Highlights educational products group, the site contains opportunities for educators to join various discussion lists, classroom resources (such as lesson plans), and links to the webpages of various classrooms around the United States. One potentially entertaining (and also therapeutic) feature is the "Laugh Lines" section, were educators can submit their various humorous classroom experiences. The bulletin boards are also worth checking out, as they can offer quick answers to any number of topics, such as handwriting, use of the Internet in the classroom, and literature. The site is rounded out by a nice area set aside for discussion and resources specifically designated for student teachers.

235

Production with exhaustible resources  

SciTech Connect

This study is concerned with the examination of efficient and optimal economic planning in the theory of exhaustible resources. In the model, exhaustible resources are incorporated directly into the production function as the constraint on a social welfare function. The social welfare function is then maximized to obtain the optimal program. This study consists of a series of essays testing the optimal program under conditions of certainty and uncertainty. Chapter III presents the basic neoclassical model of optimal growth in a certain world. As an input to the production function, an exhaustible resource is introduced to maximize the discounted utility stream of consumption. In chapter IV the effects of resource reserve uncertainty are investigated. Pindyck's framework for stochastic dynamic programming is used. Finally, exploratory activity is introduced as a means of expanding the quantity of reserves as well as reducing the variance of the stochastic fluctuations in reserves.

Park, J.

1988-01-01

236

Energy Production in Stars  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Energy Production in Stars is part of the Astronomy 162: Stars, Galaxies, and Cosmology course offered by the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Tennessee. This section covers the mass-energy relation of special relativity; the curve of binding energy, and its implications for fusion and fission reactions, and stellar energy production; nuclear reactions, and their relation to the Coulomb barrier, and quantum mechanical tunneling; temperature and pressure in stars, including the kinetic theory of gases, ideal gas law, and the Gamow window for charged particle reactions; the proton-proton chain; the carbon-nitrogen-oxygen (CNO) cycle; the triple-alpha process, mass-5 and mass-8 bottlenecks; advanced burning stages; stellar energy transport; and the solar neutrino problem.

237

Holographic entropy production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The suspicion that gravity is holographic has been supported mainly by a variety of specific examples from string theory. In this paper, we propose that such a holography can actually be observed in the context of Einstein's gravity and at least a class of generalized gravitational theories, based on a definite holographic principle where neither is the bulk space-time required to be asymptotically AdS nor the boundary to be located at conformal infinity, echoing Wilson's formulation of quantum field theory. After showing the general equilibrium thermodynamics from the corresponding holographic dictionary, in particular, we provide a rather general proof of the equality between the entropy production on the boundary and the increase of black hole entropy in the bulk, which can be regarded as strong support to this holographic principle. The entropy production in the familiar holographic superconductors/superfluids is investigated as an important example, where the role played by the holographic renormalization is explained.

Tian, Yu; Wu, Xiao-Ning; Zhang, Hongbao

2014-10-01

238

Nattokinase: production and application.  

PubMed

Nattokinase (NK, also known as subtilisin NAT) (EC 3.4.21.62) is one of the most considerable extracellular enzymes produced by Bacillus subtilis natto. The main interest about this enzyme is due to its direct fibrinolytic activity. Being stable enough in the gastrointestinal tract makes this enzyme a useful agent for the oral thrombolytic therapy. Thus, NK is regarded as a valuable dietary supplement or nutraceutical. Proven safety and ease of mass production are other advantages of this enzyme. In addition to these valuable advantages, there are other applications attributed to NK including treatment of hypertension, Alzheimer's disease, and vitreoretinal disorders. This review tends to bring a brief description about this valuable enzyme and summarizes the various biotechnological approaches used in its production, recovery, and purification. Some of the most important applications of NK, as well as its future prospects, are also discussed. PMID:25348469

Dabbagh, Fatemeh; Negahdaripour, Manica; Berenjian, Aydin; Behfar, Abdolazim; Mohammadi, Fatemeh; Zamani, Mozhdeh; Irajie, Cambyz; Ghasemi, Younes

2014-11-01

239

Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It can be considered as the medical science of machines. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) is a maintenance program which involves a newly defined concept for maintaining plants and equipment. The goal of the TPM program is to markedly increase production while, at the same time, increasing employee morale and job satisfaction.TPM brings maintenance into focus as a necessary and vitally important part of the business. It is no longer regarded as a non-profit activity. Down time for maintenance is scheduled as a part of the manufacturing day and, in some cases, as an integral part of the manufacturing process. The goal is to hold emergency and unscheduled maintenance to a minimum.

240

Biotechnology: Production Support Associate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 2:34 video excerpt from Pathways to Technology, meet Suzanne Pooler, a biotechnology production support associate, whose work contributes to cancer treatment. As a production support associate, Suzanne supports scientists' research by keeping cancer cells alive in test tubes. Without the right environment and nourishment, the cells would die and the research would have to start over. Suzanne discusses why she left her old job as an administrative assistant to attend community college and study science. She also explains why she loves her new job working in the field of biotechnology. The video is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can download the video as well.

241

Stored Product Pest Images  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Photographic gallery containing 81 images of pests of stored products, including eggs, larvae and pupae and damage photos. Mites, beetles, moths, and psocids are included. A web browser and CD-ROM drive are required to view the images. Images are of high quality and the accompanying text is generally accurate and informative. The larval lesser mealworm is mis-captioned as an adult. Navigation of the images is easy.

0000-00-00

242

Water Filtration Products  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

American Water Corporation manufactures water filtration products which incorporate technology originally developed for manned space operations. The formula involves granular activated charcoal and other ingredients, and removes substances by catalytic reactions, mechanical filtration, and absorption. Details are proprietary. A NASA literature search contributed to development of the compound. The technology is being extended to a deodorizing compound called Biofresh which traps gas and moisture inside the unit. Further applications are anticipated.

1986-01-01

243

Quarkonium production via recombination  

E-print Network

The contrast between model predictions for the transverse momentum spectra of J/Psi observed in Au-Au collisions at RHIC is extended to include effects of nuclear absorption. We find that the difference between initial production and recombination is enhanced in the most central collisions. Models utilizing a combination of these sources may eventually be able to place constraints on their relative magnitudes.

R. L. Thews

2006-09-13

244

Hydrogen Production Overview  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fact sheet focuses on the production of hydrogen. Sources of hydrogen, how it is produced, and the transition to a "hydrogen economy" are briefly discussed in this two-page document. This material would be most useful for students with a basic understanding of what hydrogen is and how it may be used as fuel. The document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

245

LCA of electronic products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Intention, Goal, Scope, Background  A new paradigm called System-In-a-Package (SIP) is expected to represent the wave of future microsystem packaging and integration.\\u000a No environmental assessment has been made of manufacturing processes for SIP and the purpose of this paper is to assess the\\u000a upstream environmental impact of the process used by Chalmers to manufacture an electronic product using the SIP technology.

Anders S. G. Andrae; Gang Zou; Johan Liu

2004-01-01

246

Ghana Watershed Prototype Products  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Introduction/Background A number of satellite data sets are available through the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for monitoring land surface features. Representative data sets include Landsat, Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). The Ghana Watershed Prototype Products cover an area within southern Ghana, Africa, and include examples of the aforementioned data sets along with sample SRTM derivative data sets.

U.S. Geological Survey

2007-01-01

247

Tools and Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

A look at new products on the market, including the BOXX Technologies' Apexx 4 Super-Workstation and renderBOXX Classic 7500, Dimension 3D Printers from Tekpro Group, Micronas' VCT-Premium single-chip flat panel TV processors, Cyberware Head and Face Color 3D Scanner, eRacks\\/Suite, Visidec Focus Micro, Visidec Focus Wall, Design Science MathPlayer 2.1, MaPZone 2.6, MyRapidMD's ESP, Bunkspeed HyperShot,

Carl Machover; David J. Kasik

2007-01-01

248

Androgen production in women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the sources, production rates, circulating concentrations, and regulatory mechanisms of the major androgen precursors and androgens in women.Design: Review of the major published literature.Result(s): Quantitatively, women secrete greater amounts of androgen than of estrogen. The major circulating steroids generally classified as androgens include dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS), dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), androstenedione (A), testosterone (T), and dihydrotestosterone in descending order

Henry G Burger

2002-01-01

249

Organic Production and Certification  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Minnesota Department of Agriculture\\'s Sustainable Agriculture Program provides farmers and consumers with information on organic production practices and certification. The \\"What\\'s New\\" section on the front page of the site includes recent issues in the agricultural field. Agricultural organizations, news and events, and farming systems are all mapped out in detail on the site. Users are also given access to University of Minnesota research on agriculture.

250

Wirkungen von Product Placement  

Microsoft Academic Search

Durch die am 29.11.2007 vom Europäischen Parlament verabschiedete Fernsehrichtlinie wird es den Staaten der EU ermöglicht,\\u000a Product Placement unter bestimmten Auflagen als Werbeform im Fernsehen zuzulassen.1 Eine Legalisierung von Produktplatzierungen wäre für die werbetreibende Wirtschaft insofern interessant, als mit der zunehmenden\\u000a Konkurrenz von Werbebotschaften auch die Gefahr wächst, dass Rezipienten mit Reaktanz auf klassische Werbung reagieren. In\\u000a dieser Situation erscheint

Astrid Zipfel

251

Pyrolysis Products Of Dimethyldichlorosilane  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Report describes experimental study of chemical reactions and chemical products of chemical-vapor deposition of silicon carbide from dimethyldichlorosilane. Topic important because it relates to current interest in lightweight refractory materials for use in advanced aircraft and spacecraft. Analyses showed that at temperature of 700 to 1,100 degrees C and contact time of about 1 minute, SiC forms by two chemical-reaction paths.

Cagliostro, D. E.; Riccitiello, S. R.; Carswell, M. G.

1990-01-01

252

Deepwater production riser  

SciTech Connect

A deepwater production riser design developed by Mobil Research and Development Corporation is presented. The riser consists of a lower rigid section terminated about 200 feet below the sea surface with a tensioning buoy assembly and a flexible upper section made of a bundle of flexible pipes. It is designed to be compliant to waves, currents and vessel motions and applicable to both mild and severe environments. Design, analysis, testing, and installation method are discussed.

Panicker, N.N.; Yancey, I.R.

1983-05-01

253

Deepwater production riser  

SciTech Connect

The design of a deepwater production riser is described. The compliant riser design consists of a lower rigid section terminated about 200 ft (60 m) below the sea surface with a tensioning buoy assembly and a flexible upper section made of a bundle of flexible pipes. It is designed to be compliant to waves, currents, and vessel motions and applicable to both mild and severe environments. Design, analysis, testing, and installation are discussed.

Panicker, N.N.; Yancey, I.R.

1984-08-01

254

Texas Angora Goat Production.  

E-print Network

angora goat J. E. Hutchison, Dimcror, College Station, Texas Texcs Anoora Goat Production JAMESA. GRAY AND JACK L. GROFF* Angora goats are adapted to a dry, mild cli- mate. Since they are primarily browsing animals, they thrive best where... to general belief that the Angora goat is a tough, tin can eating animal', he actually is csnsitive, intelligent, healthy and easily managed. is worst enemy is a cold, chilling rain within 6 eeks after shearing. During this period he needs ~rticular care...

Gray, James A.; Groff, Jack L.

1970-01-01

255

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

FLY ASH By Tarun R. Naik and Rudolph N. Kraus Report No. CBU-2002-31 REP-483 November 2002 Submitted 11.1 11.3 93.1 93.011.6 92.8 11.3 93.0 Table 2: Specific Gravity of Biron Ash (ASTM C 311/C 188) Fly-EVALUATION CHEMICAL COMPOSITION #12;UWM Center for By-Products Utilization Table 5: Mineralogy of Biron Ash MINERALOGY

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

256

Observation of WZ Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the first observation of the associated production of a W boson and a Z boson. This result is based on 1.1fb-1 of integrated luminosity from pp¯ collisions at s=1.96TeV collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. We observe 16 WZ candidates passing our event selection with an expected background of 2.7±0.4 events. A fit to

A. Abulencia; J. Adelman; T. Affolder; T. Akimoto; Michael G. Albrow; D. Ambrose; S. Amerio; Dante E. Amidei; A. Anastassov; Konstantin V. Anikeev; A. Annovi; J. Antos; M. Aoki; G. Apollinari; J.-F. Arguin; T. Arisawa; A. Artikov; W. Ashmanskas; A. Attal; F. Azfar; P. Azzi-Bacchetta; P. Azzurri; N. Bacchetta; W. Badgett; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; V. E. Barnes; B. A. Barnett; S. Baroiant; V. Bartsch; G. Bauer; F. Bedeschi; S. Behari; S. Belforte; G. Bellettini; J. Bellinger; A. Belloni; D. Benjamin; A. Beretvas; J. Beringer; T. Berry; A. Bhatti; M. Binkley; D. Bisello; R. E. Blair; C. Blocker; B. Blumenfeld; A. Bocci; A. Bodek; V. Boisvert; G. Bolla; A. Bolshov; D. Bortoletto; J. Boudreau; A. Boveia; B. Brau; L. Brigliadori; C. Bromberg; E. Brubaker; J. Budagov; H. S. Budd; S. Budd; S. Budroni; K. Burkett; G. Busetto; P. Bussey; K. L. Byrum; S. Cabrera; M. Campanelli; M. Campbell; F. Canelli; A. Canepa; S. Carillo; D. Carlsmith; R. Carosi; S. Carron; M. Casarsa; A. Castro; P. Catastini; D. Cauz; M. Cavalli-Sforza; A. Cerri; L. Cerrito; S. H. Chang; Y. C. Chen; M. Chertok; G. Chiarelli; G. Chlachidze; F. Chlebana; I. Cho; K. Cho; D. Chokheli; J. P. Chou; G. Choudalakis; S. H. Chuang; K. Chung; W. H. Chung; Y. S. Chung; M. Ciljak; C. I. Ciobanu; M. A. Ciocci; A. Clark; D. Clark; M. Coca; G. Compostella; M. E. Convery; J. Conway; B. Cooper; K. Copic; M. Cordelli; G. Cortiana; F. Crescioli; C. Cuenca Almenaro; J. Cuevas; R. Culbertson; J. C. Cully; D. Cyr; S. Daronco; M. Datta; S. D'Auria; T. Davies; M. D'Onofrio; D. Dagenhart; P. de Barbaro; S. de Cecco; A. Deisher; G. de Lentdeckerc; M. Dell'Orso; F. Delli Paoli; L. Demortier; J. Deng; M. Deninno; D. de Pedis; P. F. Derwent; G. P. di Giovanni; C. Dionisi; B. di Ruzza; J. R. Dittmann; P. Dituro; C. Dörr; S. Donati; M. Donega; P. Dong; J. Donini; T. Dorigo; S. Dube; J. Efron; R. Erbacher; D. Errede; S. Errede; R. Eusebi; H. C. Fang; S. Farrington; I. Fedorko; W. T. Fedorko; R. G. Feild; M. Feindt; J. P. Fernandez; R. Field; G. Flanagan; A. Foland; S. Forrester; G. W. Foster; M. Franklin; J. C. Freeman; I. Furic; M. Gallinaro; J. Galyardt; J. E. Garcia; F. Garberson; A. F. Garfinkel; C. Gay; H. Gerberich; D. Gerdes; S. Giagu; P. Giannetti; A. Gibson; K. Gibson; J. L. Gimmell; C. Ginsburg; N. Giokaris; M. Giordani; P. Giromini; M. Giunta; G. Giurgiu; V. Glagolev; D. Glenzinski; M. Gold; N. Goldschmidt; J. Goldstein; A. Golossanov; G. Gomez; G. Gomez-Ceballos; M. Goncharov; O. González; I. Gorelov; A. T. Goshaw; K. Goulianos; A. Gresele; M. Griffiths; S. Grinstein; C. Grosso-Pilcher; U. Grundler; J. Guimaraes da Costa; Z. Gunay-Unalan; C. Haber; K. Hahn; S. R. Hahn; E. Halkiadakis; B.-Y. Han; J. Y. Han; R. Handler; F. Happacher; K. Hara; M. Hare; S. Harper; R. F. Harr; R. M. Harris; M. Hartz; K. Hatakeyama; J. Hauser; A. Heijboer; B. Heinemann; J. Heinrich; C. Henderson; M. Herndon; J. Heuser; D. Hidas; C. S. Hill; D. Hirschbuehl; A. Hocker; A. Holloway; S. Hou; M. Houlden; S.-C. Hsu; B. T. Huffman; R. E. Hughes; U. Husemann; J. Huston; J. Incandela; G. Introzzi; M. Iori; Y. Ishizawa; A. Ivanov; B. Iyutin; E. James; D. Jang; B. Jayatilaka; D. Jeans; H. Jensen; E. J. Jeon; S. Jindariani; M. Jones; K. K. Joo; S. Y. Jun; J. E. Jung; T. R. Junk; T. Kamon; P. E. Karchin; Y. Kato; Y. Kemp; R. Kephart; U. Kerzel; V. Khotilovich; B. Kilminster; D. H. Kim; H. S. Kim; J. E. Kim; M. J. Kim; S. B. Kim; S. H. Kim; Y. K. Kim; N. Kimura; L. Kirsch; S. Klimenko; M. Klute; B. Knuteson; B. R. Ko; K. Kondo; D. J. Kong; J. Konigsberg; A. Korytov; A. V. Kotwal; A. Kovalev; A. C. Kraan; J. Kraus; I. Kravchenko; M. Kreps; J. Kroll; N. Krumnack; M. Kruse; V. Krutelyov; T. Kubo; S. E. Kuhlmann; T. Kuhr; Y. Kusakabe; S. Kwang; A. T. Laasanen; S. Lai; S. Lami; S. Lammel; M. Lancaster; R. L. Lander; K. Lannon; A. Lath; G. Latino; I. Lazzizzera; T. Lecompte; J. Lee; Y. J. Lee; S. W. Lee; R. Lefèvre; N. Leonardo; S. Leone; S. Levy; J. D. Lewis; C. Lin; M. Lindgren; E. Lipeles; A. Lister; D. O. Litvintsev; T. Liu; N. S. Lockyer; A. Loginov; M. Loreti; P. Loverre; R.-S. Lu; D. Lucchesi; P. Lujan; P. Lukens; G. Lungu; L. Lyons; J. Lys; R. Lysak; E. Lytken; P. Mack; D. MacQueen; R. Madrak; K. Maeshima; K. Makhoul; T. Maki; P. Maksimovic; S. Malde; G. Manca; F. Margaroli; R. Marginean; C. Marino; A. Martin; M. Martin; V. Martin; M. Martínez; T. Maruyama; P. Mastrandrea; T. Masubuchi; H. Matsunaga; M. E. Mattson; R. Mazini; P. Mazzanti; K. McCarthy; K. S. McFarland; P. McIntyre; R. McNulty; A. Mehta; P. Mehtala; S. Menzemer; A. Menzione; P. Merkel; C. Mesropian; A. Messina; T. Miao; N. Miladinovic; J. Miles; R. Miller; C. Mills; M. Milnik; A. Mitra; G. Mitselmakher; A. Miyamoto; S. Moed; N. Moggi; B. Mohr; R. Moore; M. Morello; P. Movilla Fernandez; J. Mülmenstädt; A. Mukherjee; Th. Muller; R. Mumford; P. Murat; J. Nachtman; A. Nagano; J. Naganoma; I. Nakano; A. Napier; V. Necula

2007-01-01

257

Cryogenic Production Testing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rockwell has realized rapid testing of Infrared Focal Plane Arrays (IRFPAs) using a totally automated cryogenic test station with the latest technology in device handling, data acquisition, illumination and throughput capabilities. This station provides testing of HgCdTe Focal Plane Arrays fabricated in a fully certified production facility. All aspects of this facility are under Quality Control surveillance including the hardware and software used by the automated test station.

Buchness, R. K.; Banks, E.; Doidge, J.; Gable, A.; Nelson, L.; Olsen, D.

1985-10-01

258

Lease based production services  

SciTech Connect

Built in 1986, the Petrojarl 1 production vessel finished its 7th consecutive contract on January 26,1995 after having produced 17.9 mill barrels of oil from the UK Hudson field for Amerada Hess UK. This paper summarizes the main data relating to the 7 historic Petrojarl contracts. A total of 188 MMBBLS of oil has passed through the vessel in these 8 years, while working for 7 different operators. Max water depth has been 330 m (Troll) and minimum 71 m. (Angus). Max. production has been 41,200 BOPD from Hudson, while max throughput has been 310,000 BOPD acting as a FSO on Fulmar. Contractual regularity has been in excess of 98%, proving that a floater can deliver as well as the best gravity platforms even under North Sea conditions. Throughout, the vessel, and the associated shuttling services have been owned and operated by Golar-Nor Offshore AS, acting as a production contractor. Regularity and safety records have been remarkable, and what was perceived as exotic and unproven technology is today state-of-the-art. The advantages of production contracting have become clear to the industry, and this new contracting niche is now poised for rapid growth in the years to come. A result of this experience is that the Petrojarl 1 has now been contracted to ARCO British to produce their 24 MMBBLS Blenheim field over an expected period of 4 years. A further result is the new building project Petrojarl 4, currently under construction to meet First Oil in early 1996 from the Foinaven field West of Shetland for BP, in 500 m of water. The contracts are novel in their format and are further described. This paper examines the contract history that has led up this situation and discusses the way ahead.

Gisvold, K.M.

1995-12-31

259

Ethics and Industrial Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of nanotechnology seems inevitable, for it alone would be able to solve or circumvent the huge difficulties to be faced by industrial and post-industrial societies, in both their private and their public aspects, and including the ageing population and its expectations with regard to health, the evolution of the climate, pollution, the management of food resources and raw materials, access to drinking water, control of energy production and consumption, equitable and sustainable development, etc.

Bernard, Daniel

260

Speech perception and production  

PubMed Central

Until recently, research in speech perception and speech production has largely focused on the search for psychological and phonetic evidence of discrete, abstract, context-free symbolic units corresponding to phonological segments or phonemes. Despite this common conceptual goal and intimately related objects of study, however, research in these two domains of speech communication has progressed more or less independently for more than 60 years. In this article, we present an overview of the foundational works and current trends in the two fields, specifically discussing the progress made in both lines of inquiry as well as the basic fundamental issues that neither has been able to resolve satisfactorily so far. We then discuss theoretical models and recent experimental evidence that point to the deep, pervasive connections between speech perception and production. We conclude that although research focusing on each domain individually has been vital in increasing our basic understanding of spoken language processing, the human capacity for speech communication is so complex that gaining a full understanding will not be possible until speech perception and production are conceptually reunited in a joint approach to problems shared by both modes. PMID:23946864

Casserly, Elizabeth D.; Pisoni, David B.

2012-01-01

261

Advanced Production Planning Models  

SciTech Connect

>This report describes the innovative modeling approach developed as a result of a 3-year Laboratory Directed Research and Development project. The overall goal of this project was to provide an effective suite of solvers for advanced production planning at facilities in the nuclear weapons complex (NWC). We focused our development activities on problems related to operations at the DOE's Pantex Plant. These types of scheduling problems appear in many contexts other than Pantex--both within the NWC (e.g., Neutron Generators) and in other commercial manufacturing settings. We successfully developed an innovative and effective solution strategy for these types of problems. We have tested this approach on actual data from Pantex, and from Org. 14000 (Neutron Generator production). This report focuses on the mathematical representation of the modeling approach and presents three representative studies using Pantex data. Results associated with the Neutron Generator facility will be published in a subsequent SAND report. The approach to task-based scheduling described here represents a significant addition to the literature for large-scale, realistic scheduling problems in a variety of production settings.

JONES,DEAN A.; LAWTON,CRAIG R.; KJELDGAARD,EDWIN A.; WRIGHT,STEPHEN TROY; TURNQUIST,MARK A.; NOZICK,LINDA K.; LIST,GEORGE F.

2000-12-01

262

Microbiological Spoilage of Cereal Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A wide range of cereal products, including bakery items, refrigerated dough, fresh pasta products, dried cereal products, snack foods, and bakery mixes, are manufactured for food consumption. These products are subject to physical, chemical, and microbiological spoilage that affects the taste, aroma, leavening, appearance, and overall quality of the end consumer product. Microorganisms are ubiquitous in nature and have the potential for causing food spoilage and foodborne disease. However, compared to other categories of food products, bakery products rarely cause food poisoning. The heat that is applied during baking or frying usually eliminates pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms, and low moisture contributes to product stability. Nevertheless, microbiological spoilage of these products occurs, resulting in substantial economic losses.

Cook, Frederick K.; Johnson, Billie L.

263

Tobacco and Nicotine Product Testing  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Tobacco product testing is a critical component of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act (FSPTCA), which grants the Food and Drug Administration the authority to regulate tobacco products. The availability of methods and measures that can provide accurate data on the relative health risks across types of tobacco products, brands, and subbrands of tobacco products on the validity of any health claims associated with a product, and on how consumers perceive information on products toxicity or risks is crucial for making decisions on the product's potential impact on public health. These tools are also necessary for making assessments of the impact of new indications for medicinal products (other than cessation) but more importantly of tobacco products that may in the future be marketed as cessation tools. Objective: To identify research opportunities to develop empirically based and comprehensive methods and measures for testing tobacco and other nicotine-containing products so that the best science is available when decisions are made about products or policies. Methods: Literature was reviewed to address sections of the FSPTCA relevant to tobacco product evaluation; research questions were generated and then reviewed by a committee of research experts. Results: A research agenda was developed for tobacco product evaluation in the general areas of toxicity and health risks, abuse liability, consumer perception, and population effects. Conclusion: A cohesive, systematic, and comprehensive assessment of tobacco products is important and will require building consensus and addressing some crucial research questions. PMID:21460383

Biener, Lois; Leischow, Scott J.; Zeller, Mitch R.

2012-01-01

264

Report on Federal Productivity. Volume 2, Productivity Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume 2 contains 15 productivity case studies which illustrate and expand on the causal factors mentioned in volume 1. The cases illustrate many different approaches to productivity measurement improvement. The case studies are: Development of an Output-Productivity Measure for the Air Force Medical Service; Measuring Effectiveness and Efficiency…

Joint Financial Management Improvement Program, Washington, DC.

265

EVOLUTION OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION AND QUALITY OF ANIMAL PRODUCTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The evolution of livestock production is analysed on its historical perspective and forecasted up to year 2020. Livestock production needs at year 2020 and the amount of required animal populations are estimated on the basis of the trend of the period 1971-1999 relative to human population, consumption, and animal efficiency index. At word level, the deficit between production and needs

ALESSANDRO NARDONE

266

The NASA SBIR product catalog  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The purpose of this catalog is to assist small business firms in making the community aware of products emerging from their efforts in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. It contains descriptions of some products that have advanced into Phase 3 and others that are identified as prospective products. Both lists of products in this catalog are based on information supplied by NASA SBIR contractors in responding to an invitation to be represented in this document. Generally, all products suggested by the small firms were included in order to meet the goals of information exchange for SBIR results. Of the 444 SBIR contractors NASA queried, 137 provided information on 219 products. The catalog presents the product information in the technology areas listed in the table of contents. Within each area, the products are listed in alphabetical order by product name and are given identifying numbers. Also included is an alphabetical listing of the companies that have products described. This listing cross-references the product list and provides information on the business activity of each firm. In addition, there are three indexes: one a list of firms by states, one that lists the products according to NASA Centers that managed the SBIR projects, and one that lists the products by the relevant Technical Topics utilized in NASA's annual program solicitation under which each SBIR project was selected.

Gilman, J. A.; Paige, J. B.; Schwenk, F. Carl

1992-01-01

267

Plant Productivity and ESM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An approach for relating Plant Productivity (PP) and Equivalent System Mass (ESM) has been formulated. On this basis, possible reductions of ESM have been analyzed in relation to:-the general mission scenario;-the physiology and cultivation of mixed plant crops;-natural and modified environmental conditions for plant cultivation;-benefits of management approaches;-degree of closure of the artificial support system;-improved plant chamber design. This approach is applied to estimates of minimal ESM for Martian Deployable Greenhouse (MDG).

Rygalov, V.; Drysdale, A.; Bartsev, S.; Wheeler, R.; Fowler, P.

268

Challenges facing production grids  

SciTech Connect

Today's global communities of users expect quality of service from distributed Grid systems equivalent to that their local data centers. This must be coupled to ubiquitous access to the ensemble of processing and storage resources across multiple Grid infrastructures. We are still facing significant challenges in meeting these expectations, especially in the underlying security, a sustainable and successful economic model, and smoothing the boundaries between administrative and technical domains. Using the Open Science Grid as an example, I examine the status and challenges of Grids operating in production today.

Pordes, Ruth; /Fermilab

2007-06-01

269

Beauty production at HERA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Beauty quark production in ep collisions is being studied at HERA. The latest results in deep inelastic scattering (DIS) and photoproduction (PHP) regime performed by the ZEUS and HI experiments are presented here. The first measurement exploits the potential of the ZEUS mi-crovertex detector to identify beauty in PHP dijet events in an inclusive analysis. In the second measurement, beauty quarks were identified through their decays into muons. Finally, two measurements of the beauty contribution to the proton structure function, F2b???b, in DIS are presented. The four measurements are consistent with previous results and are reasonably well described by QCD predictions.

Yagues, A.

2009-12-01

270

Accelerator Production of Radionuclides  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

While many radioactive isotopes in use today are found in nature, many more are artificially produced by irradiating target materials with nuclear particles. Two different technologies can provide the energetic particles needed: nuclear reactors, which produce a flux of neutrons, and particle accelerators, which produce a flux of charged particles. This chapter will deal with the important aspects of the production of radionuclides with accelerators, along with some details on their applications, commercially-available accelerator systems used for this purpose, and the size of the equipment business.

Schlyer, David J.; Ruth, Thomas J.

2012-06-01

271

Marine natural products.  

PubMed

This review covers the literature published in 2011 for marine natural products, with 870 citations (558 for the period January to December 2011) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green, brown and red algae, sponges, cnidarians, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms, mangroves and other intertidal plants and microorganisms. The emphasis is on new compounds (1152 for 2011), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. Biosynthetic studies, first syntheses, and syntheses that lead to the revision of structures or stereochemistries, have been included. PMID:23263727

Blunt, John W; Copp, Brent R; Keyzers, Robert A; Munro, Murray H G; Prinsep, Michèle R

2013-02-01

272

Marine natural products.  

PubMed

Covering: 2010. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep., 2011, 28, 196. This review covers the literature published in 2010 for marine natural products, with 895 citations (590 for the period January to December 2010) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green, brown and red algae, sponges, cnidarians, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms, mangroves and other intertidal plants and microorganisms. The emphasis is on new compounds (1003 for 2010), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. Biosynthetic studies, first syntheses, and syntheses that lead to the revision of structures or stereochemistries, have been included. PMID:22193773

Blunt, John W; Copp, Brent R; Keyzers, Robert A; Munro, Murray H G; Prinsep, Michèle R

2012-02-01

273

Marine natural products.  

PubMed

This review covers the literature published in 2012 for marine natural products, with 1035 citations (673 for the period January to December 2012) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green, brown and red algae, sponges, cnidarians, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms, mangroves and other intertidal plants and microorganisms. The emphasis is on new compounds (1241 for 2012), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. Biosynthetic studies, first syntheses, and syntheses that lead to the revision of structures or stereochemistries, have been included. PMID:24389707

Blunt, John W; Copp, Brent R; Keyzers, Robert A; Munro, Murray H G; Prinsep, Michèle R

2014-01-17

274

Wood and Wood Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wood has been utilized by humans since antiquity. Trees provided a source of many products required by early humans such as food, medicine, fuel, and tools. For example, the bark of the willow tree, when chewed, was used as a painkiller in early Greece and was the precursor of the present-day aspirin. Wood served as the primary fuel in the United States until about the turn of the 19th century, and even today over one-half of the wood now harvested in the world is used for heating fuel.

Young, Raymond A.

275

Barley Production in Texas.  

E-print Network

. No recent feeding trials of barley have been made by the Texas Experi- ment Station but frequent analysis of barley grown in the state show that it is nearly equal to corn in feeding value. It is higher in protein, ash, and crude fibre; but lower... in nitrogen free extract and productive energy per 100 pounds of feed. The analysis of barley and several other grains as given in Texas Bulletin Number 461, "The Composition and Utilization of Texas Feeding Stuffs," are given in table 2. Table 2. Analysi...

Dunkle, P. B. (Paul Burtch); Atkins, Irvin Milburn

1941-01-01

276

Slaughter Calf Production.  

E-print Network

and stocker cattle areas of Texas stock- men normally do not sell slaughter calves, but this practice might be profitable at certain I times. 1 to 5 plies rexas slaughter calves usually weigh 300 00 pounds. Slaughter-calf production im- producing milk...-grass-fat calves at wean- lng. Fat calves of mixed breeding and lacking in feeder quality usually sell to good advantage on the early markets. Their quality and weight are separating factors at this time. Heavy, fat calves, regardless of quality, usually sell...

Thompson, Uel D.

1955-01-01

277

Marine natural products.  

PubMed

Covering: 2013. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep., 2014, 31, 160-258This review covers the literature published in 2013 for marine natural products (MNPs), with 982 citations (644 for the period January to December 2013) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green, brown and red algae, sponges, cnidarians, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms, mangroves and other intertidal plants and microorganisms. The emphasis is on new compounds (1163 for 2013), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. Reviews, biosynthetic studies, first syntheses, and syntheses that lead to the revision of structures or stereochemistries, have been included. PMID:25620233

Blunt, John W; Copp, Brent R; Keyzers, Robert A; Munro, Murray H G; Prinsep, Michèle R

2015-01-28

278

Convolutions and Product Representations  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Feynman integrals in special relativistic quantum field theories involve convolutions of energy-momentum distributions.\\u000a The on-shell parts for translation representations give product representation coefficients of the Poincaré group, i.e., energy-momentum\\u000a distributions for free states (multiparticle measures, discussed ahead). The off-shell interaction contributions (“virtual\\u000a particles”) are not convolutable; this is the origin of the “divergence” problem in quantum field theories with

Heinrich Saller

279

FDA 101: Regulating Biological Products  

MedlinePLUS

... mail Consumer Updates RSS Feed FDA 101: Regulating Biological Products Search the Consumer Updates Section Consumer Update ... friendly PDF (196 KB) On this page: What biological products does FDA regulate? How do biologics differ ...

280

Total Energy Production State Rankings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ranks all 50 states in total energy production. Includes links to tables which rank production of crude oil, natural gas, coal, and electricity; crude oil emissions; total energy consumption; and energy prices.

Energy Information Administration

281

Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement  

E-print Network

Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement Through Multi-Attribute System Design Engineering Systems Division #12;Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement Through Multi of Science in Engineering and Management February 2005 ABSTRACT Automotive industry is facing a tough period

282

Pest management with natural products  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The 2012 Philadelphia ACS Symposium on Natural Products for Pest Management introduced recent discoveries and applications of natural products from insect, terrestrial plant, microbial, and synthetic sources for the management of insects, weeds, plant pathogenic microbes, and nematodes. The symposiu...

283

Publication Production: An Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers brief annotations of 52 articles and papers on document production (from the Society for Technical Communication's journal and proceedings) on 9 topics: information processing, document design, using color, typography, tables, illustrations, photography, printing and binding, and production management. (SR)

Firman, Anthony H.

1994-01-01

284

Enabling effective product launch decisions  

E-print Network

The present work looks into the question of optimizing the performance of product launch decisions-in particular, the decisions of product development duration and manufacturing ramp-up. It presents an innovative model for ...

Akamphon, Sappinandana

2008-01-01

285

Moving to product line budgeting.  

PubMed

Product definitions, resource consumption profiles and procedure cost standards--these are the first steps in beginning the process of implementing a flexible and competitive product line philosophy. PMID:10290650

Kazamek, T J

1988-11-01

286

Covered Product Categories (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Federal mandates require that Federal agencies purchase energy-efficient products. To help agency buyers meet these requirements, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) maintains a list of FEMP-designated and ENERGY STAR-qualified product categories.

Not Available

2014-04-01

287

Polyhedral Surfaces in Wedge Products  

E-print Network

We introduce the wedge product of two polytopes. The wedge product is described in terms of inequality systems, in terms of vertex coordinates as well as purely combinatorially, from the corresponding data of its constituents. The wedge product construction can be described as an iterated ``subdirect product'' as introduced by McMullen (1976); it is dual to the ``wreath product'' construction of Joswig and Lutz (2005). One particular instance of the wedge product construction turns out to be especially interesting: The wedge products of polygons with simplices contain certain combinatorially regular polyhedral surfaces as subcomplexes. These generalize known classes of surfaces ``of unusually large genus'' that first appeared in works by Coxeter (1937), Ringel (1956), and McMullen, Schulz, and Wills (1983). Via ``projections of deformed wedge products'' we obtain realizations of some of the surfaces in the boundary complexes of 4-polytopes, and thus in R^3. As additional benefits our construction also yields ...

Rörig, Thilo

2009-01-01

288

Further results on product codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new class of codes, called product generator codes, which are similar to Elias's iterated codes, are investigated. An important subclass of these codes is the generalized Reed-Muller codes. If the original codes that are iterated to produce a product code areL_1andL_2-step orthogonalizable, then the product code is (L_1 + L_2 - 1)-step orthogonalizable. Further if anuth-order product generator code

W. Gore

1970-01-01

289

Measuring High Performance Computing Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

One key to improving high performance computing (HPC) productivity is to find better ways to measure it. We define productivity in terms of mission goals, i.e. greater produc- tivity means that more science is accomplished with less cost and effort. Traditional software productivity metrics and computing benchmarks have proven inadequate for assessing or predicting such end-to-end productivity. In this paper

Stuart R. Faulk; John Gustafson; Philip Johnson; Adam A. Porter; Walter F. Tichy; Lawrence G. Votta

2004-01-01

290

Estimate product quality with ANNs  

SciTech Connect

Artificial neural networks (ANNs) have been applied to predict catalytic reformer octane number (ON) and gasoline splitter product qualities. Results show that ANNs are a valuable tool to derive fast and accurate product quality measurements, and offer a low-cost alternative to online analyzers or rigorous mathematical models. The paper describes product quality measurements, artificial neural networks, ANN structure, estimating gasoline octane numbers, and estimating naphtha splitter product qualities.

Brambilla, A. [Univ. of Pisa (Italy); Trivella, F. [Adicon Advanced Distillation Control SrL, Pisa (Italy)

1996-09-01

291

Behavior analysis and linguistic productivity  

PubMed Central

The greatest intellectual challenge to the field of behavior analysis may be understanding linguistic productivity (e.g., being able to correctly say and understand novel sentences). One of the main issues concerning linguistic productivity is whether behavioral productivity is, itself, a fundamental behavioral process, as claimed by the proponents of relational frame theory, or whether we can understand linguistic productivity in terms of more fundamental behavioral principles. PMID:22477252

Malott, Richard W.

2003-01-01

292

Consumer Health: Products and Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a general overview of consumer health, its products and services. Consumer health is defined as those topics dealing with a wise selection of health products and services, agencies concerned with the control of these products and services, evaluation of quackery and health misconceptions, health careers, and health insurance.…

Haag, Jessie Helen

293

Quality of organic animal products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen a sharp rise in demand for organic animal products. There is no evidence of consistent differences in flavour or nutritional qualities between organic products and conventional ones. However, organic animal products have lower levels of veterinary drugs and pesticides. There is no clear evidence to indicate that organic food is more prone to mycotoxin contamination than

Maryline Kouba

2003-01-01

294

Applications for silica aerogel products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aerogels, nanoporous lightweight materials, were discovered more than 60 years ago. The supercritical manufacturing process and expensive raw materials typically used to produce aerogels prohibited commercialization on an industrial scale. Recently, a commercially attractive ambient pressure production process was developed which will allow broader commercialization of silica aerogel products. Some aerogel products for insulation applications and their preparation is described.

M. Schmidt; F Schwertfeger

1998-01-01

295

ON THE QUINTUPLE PRODUCT IDENTITY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this note we present a new proof of the quintuple product iden- tity which is based on our study of kth order theta functions with character- istics and the identities they satisfy. In this context the quintuple product identity is another example of an identity which when phrased in terms of theta functions, rather than innite products and sums,

HERSHEL M. FARKAS; IRWIN KRA

296

Useful products from human placenta  

Microsoft Academic Search

Human placenta is a viable source of many useful products. Some of the products obtained are of use in health care industry. This review article deals with cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, blood products and hormone like substances obtained from human placenta. Various methods of their extraction, purification, characterization and their method of preparation have been discussed in detail.

R. V. Muralidhar; T. Panda

1999-01-01

297

MODIS snow-cover products  

Microsoft Academic Search

On December 18, 1999, the Terra satellite was launched with a complement of five instruments including the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). Many geophysical products are derived from MODIS data including global snow-cover products. MODIS snow and ice products have been available through the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) since September 13, 2000.

Dorothy K Hall; George A Riggs; Vincent V Salomonson; Nicolo E DiGirolamo; Klaus J Bayr

2002-01-01

298

FLAME RETARDANT TREATED WOOD PRODUCTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the comparison of flammability characteristics of FRT and untreated wood based products is done with the aim to demonstrate the fire behaviour of untreated wood products and FRT wood products. The fire behaviour was measured both in the small scale and full scale fire tests. The differences of the fire performance measured in the ISO 9705 Room\\/Corner

Ondrej Grexa

2000-01-01

299

Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity  

E-print Network

Integrating Food Production and Biodiversity Energy and Scale Issues in Implementation Kristina: Landscape at the research site, Roslagen, Sweden (photo: M.Olsson) #12;Integrating food production) it is possible to combine high biodiversity at farm level with high food production, sustainable nutrient

300

Productivity factors and programming environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fourteen factors that influence the efficiency of programming projects were identified in a corporate-wide study of 44 ITT programming projects in nine countries. Productivity factors were classified according to project management's ability to control them. Product-related factors are not generally under the control of project management. They describe intrinsic properties of the programming product and tend to place limitations on

Bill Curtis; R. Wolverton; B. Albert; H. Malec; S. Hoben; Y. Liu

1984-01-01

301

NASA Product Peer Review Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation describes NASA's product peer review process. The contents include: 1) Inspection/Peer Review at NASA; 2) Reasons for product peer reviews; 3) Different types of peer reviews; and 4) NASA requirements for peer reviews. This presentation also includes a demonstration of an actual product peer review.

Jenks, Ken

2009-01-01

302

Multicore Productivity MIT Lincoln Laboratory  

E-print Network

by the Department of Defense under Air Force Contract FA8721-05-C-0002. Opinions, interpretations, conclusions Lincoln LaboratorySlide-2 Multicore Productivity · Architecture Buffet · Programming Buffet · Productivity Assessment Outline · Parallel Design · Programming Models · Architectures · Productivity Results · Summary

Kepner, Jeremy

303

IN DRIFT CORROSION PRODUCTS  

SciTech Connect

As directed by a written development plan (CRWMS M&O 1999a), a conceptual model for steel and corrosion products in the engineered barrier system (EBS) is to be developed. The purpose of this conceptual model is to assist Performance Assessment Operations (PAO) and its Engineered Barrier Performance Department in modeling the geochemical environment within a repository drift, thus allowing PAO to provide a more detailed and complete in-drift geochemical model abstraction and to answer the key technical issues (KTI) raised in the NRC Issue Resolution Status Report (IRSR) for the Evolution of the Near-Field Environment (NFE) Revision 2 (NRC 1999). This document provides the conceptual framework for the in-drift corrosion products sub-model to be used in subsequent PAO analyses including the EBS physical and chemical model abstraction effort. This model has been developed to serve as a basis for the in-drift geochemical analyses performed by PAO. However, the concepts discussed within this report may also apply to some near and far-field geochemical processes and may have conceptual application within the unsaturated zone (UZ) and saturated zone (SZ) transport modeling efforts.

D.M. Jolley

1999-12-02

304

Weak Strangeness and Eta Production  

E-print Network

We have studied strange particle production off nucleons through $\\Delta S =0 $ and $|\\Delta S| = 1$ channels, and specifically single kaon/antikaon, eta, associated particle production for neutrino/antineutrino induced processes as well as antineutrino induced single hyperon production processes. We have developed a microscopical model based on the SU(3) chiral Lagrangians. The basic parameters of the model are $f_\\pi$, the pion decay constant, Cabibbo angle, the proton and neutron magnetic moments and the axial vector coupling constants for the baryons octet. For antikaon production we have also included $\\Sigma^*(1385)$ resonance and for eta production $S_{11}(1535)$ and $S_{11}(1650)$ resonances are included.

M. Rafi Alam; M. Sajjad Athar; Luis Alvarez-Ruso; I. Ruiz Simo; M. J. Vicente Vacas; S. K. Singh

2013-11-10

305

Flood Resilient Technological Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a consequence of the paradigm shift of the EU water policy (Directive 2007/60/EC, EC 2003) from defense to living with flood, floods shall be faced in the future through resilient solutions, seeking to improve the permanence of flood protection, and getting thus beyond traditional temporary and human-relying solutions. But the fact is that nowadays "Flood Resilient (FRe) Building Technological Products" is an undefined concept, and concerned FRe solutions cannot be even easily identified. "FRe Building Technological materials" is a wide term involving a wide and heterogeneous range of solutions. There is an interest in offering an identification and classification of the referred products, since it will be useful for stakeholders and populations at flood risk for adopting the most adequate protections when facing floods. Thus, a previous schematic classification would enable us at least to identify most of them and to figure out autonomous FRe Technological Products categories subject all of them to intense industrial innovative processes. The flood resilience enhancement of a given element requires providing it enough water-repelling capacity, and different flood resilient solutions can be sorted out: barriers, waterproofing and anticorrosive. Barriers are palliative solutions that can be obtained either from traditional materials, or from technological ones, offering their very low weight and high maneuverability. Belonging barriers and waterproofing systems to industrial branches clearly different, from a conceptual point of view, waterproofing material may complement barriers, and even be considered as autonomous barriers in some cases. Actually, they do not only complement barriers by their application to barriers' singular weak points, like anchors, joints, but on the other hand, waterproofing systems can be applied to enhance the flood resilience of new building, as preventive measure. Anticorrosive systems do belong to a clearly different category because their function do not consist in repelling water, but in preventing damages caused by the watery contact. Finally, others preventive flood resilient technologies could also be considered, since forecasting, near-casting and warning alert are solutions getting more and more involved in flood resilience strategies.

Diez Gonzalez, J. J.; Monnot, J. V.; Marquez Paniagua, P.; Pámpanas, P.; Paz Abuín, S.; Prendes, P.; Videra, O.; U. P. M. Smartest Team

2012-04-01

306

Xic' Production at BABAR  

SciTech Connect

Using 232 fb{sup -1} of data collected by the BABAR detector, the {Xi}'{sub c}{sup +} and {Xi}'{sub c}{sup 0} baryons are reconstructed through the decays: {Xi}'{sub c}{sup +} {yields} {Xi}{sub c}{sup +}{gamma} and {Xi}'{sub c}{sup 0} {yields} {Xi}{sub c}{sup 0}{gamma}, where {Xi}{sub c}{sup +} {yields} {Xi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +} and {Xi}{sub c}{sup 0} {yields} {Xi}{sup -} {pi}{sup +}. By measuring the efficiency-corrected yields in different intervals of the center-of-mass momentum, the production rates from B decays and from the continuum are extracted. For production from B decays, the branching fractions are found to be {Beta}(B {yields} {Xi}'{sub c}{sup +}X) x {Beta}({Xi}{sub c}{sup +} {yields} {Xi}{sup -}{pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +}) = [1.69 {+-} 0.17 (exp.) {+-} 0.10 (model)] x 10{sup -4} and {Beta}(B {yields} {Xi}'{sub c}{sup 0}X) x {Beta} {Xi}{sub c}{sup 0} {yields} {Xi}{sup -} {pi}{sup +} = [0.67 {+-} 0.07 (exp.) {+-} 0.03 (model)] x 10{sup -4}. For production from the continuum the cross-sections are found to be {sigma}(e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {Xi}'{sub c}{sup +}X) x {Beta}({Xi}{sub c}{sup +} {yields} {Xi}{sup -} {pi}{sup +}{pi}{sup +}) = 141 {+-} 24 (exp.) {+-} 19 (model) fb and {sigma}(e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {Xi}'{sub c}{sup 0}X) x {Beta}({Xi}{sub c}{sup 0} {yields} {Xi}{sup -} {pi}{sup +}) = 70 {+-} 11 (exp.) {+-} 6 (model) fb. The helicity angle distributions of {Xi}'{sub c} decays are studied and found to be consistent with J = 1/2.

Aubert, B

2006-09-26

307

Kathon CG and cosmetic products.  

PubMed

Kathon CG was determined in 156 of the most commonly used cosmetic products in Denmark. 42% of the cosmetic products were found to contain Kathon CG. Kathon CG was present in 48% of "rinse off" and 31% of "leave on" cosmetic products. The 3:1 ratio of chloromethyl isothiazolinone (CMI): methyl isothiazolinone (MI) in Kathon CG was found to be disturbed in 41% of Kathon CG preserved cosmetic products. The disturbed CMI/MI ratio was shown in 29% "rinse off" and 73% "leave on" cosmetic products. It is suggested that the chemical reaction of the ketone group of the isothizaolinones with other ingredients in cosmetic products may disturb the CMI/MI ratio of Kathon CG. The results of the study have been discussed in relation to the use of Kathon CG in cosmetic products as well as test material for allergic reaction. PMID:2335088

Rastogi, S C

1990-03-01

308

Advanced glycation end products  

PubMed Central

Aging is the progressive accumulation of damage to an organism over time leading to disease and death. Aging research has been very intensive in the last years aiming at characterizing the pathophysiology of aging and finding possibilities to fight age-related diseases. Various theories of aging have been proposed. In the last years advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have received particular attention in this context. AGEs are formed in high amounts in diabetes but also in the physiological organism during aging. They have been etiologically implicated in numerous diabetes- and age-related diseases. Strategies inhibiting AGE accumulation and signaling seem to possess a therapeutic potential in these pathologies. However, still little is known on the precise role of AGEs during skin aging. In this review the existing literature on AGEs and skin aging will be reviewed. In addition, existing and potential anti-AGE strategies that may be beneficial on skin aging will be discussed. PMID:23467327

Gkogkolou, Paraskevi; Böhm, Markus

2012-01-01

309

Production of magnesium metal  

DOEpatents

A process of producing magnesium metal includes providing magnesium carbonate, and reacting the magnesium carbonate to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The carbon dioxide is used as a reactant in a second process. In another embodiment of the process, a magnesium silicate is reacted with a caustic material to produce magnesium hydroxide. The magnesium hydroxide is reacted with a source of carbon dioxide to produce magnesium carbonate. The magnesium carbonate is reacted to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The invention further relates to a process for production of magnesium metal or a magnesium compound where an external source of carbon dioxide is not used in any of the reactions of the process. The invention also relates to the magnesium metal produced by the processes described herein.

Blencoe, James G. (Harriman, TN) [Harriman, TN; Anovitz, Lawrence M. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Palmer, Donald A. (Oliver Springs, TN) [Oliver Springs, TN; Beard, James S. (Martinsville, VA) [Martinsville, VA

2010-02-23

310

Hyperon Production at Hermes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A brief overview of hyperon production at HERMES is presented. The data were accumulated by the HERMES spectrometer using the 27.5 GeV longitudinally polarized HERA positron beam and the unpolarized (polarized) internal gas target. Semi-inclusive reactions with polarized ?0 hyperon in the final state have been studied. At the average fractional ? energy < z > = 0.45, the longitudinal spin transfer coefficient to the ?0 hyperon is found to be 0.04 ± 0.08(stat) ± 0.03(syst). The HERMES experiment has measured the transverse polarization of the ? and bar ? hyperons produced inclusively in quasi-real photon-nucleon interaction. Inclusively produced ?0, ?*+, ?*-, and ?- hyperons and their antiparticles have also been detected by the HERMES spectrometer.

Belostotski, S. L.

2005-08-01

311

Quarkonia production at RHIC  

E-print Network

Quarkonia (J/Psi, Psi', Upsilon) production provides a sensitive probe of gluon distributions and their modification in nuclei; and is a leading probe of the hot-dense (deconfined) matter created in high-energy collisions of heavy ions. I will discuss our current understanding of the modification of gluon distributions in nuclei and other cold-nuclear-matter effects in the context of recent p-p and p(d)-A quarkonia measurements. Then I will review the latest results for nucleus-nucleus collisions from RHIC, and together with the baseline results from d-A and p-p collisions, discuss several alternative explanations for the observed suppressions and future prospects for distinguishing these different pictures.

M. J. Leitch

2006-08-04

312

Evaluating cost center productivity.  

PubMed

The monthly and yearly productivity summaries were developed and applied to a computer spreadsheet to aid the nurse manager in better understanding and communicating budget issues for diverse ambulatory care departments. A computerized spreadsheet using a commercially available personal computer program, such as Lotus, Quattro Pro, or Excel, can be used to more quickly and accurately track and summarize monthly budget reports. The data can be entered into the spreadsheet either manually or imported by query from the financial mainframe system. Contact your agency's finance or information department for information on how to accomplish this. Periodically acuity and resources should be measured and compared with quality monitors to maintain standards. For the past 10 years, our facility has successfully used this tool to make more informed decisions by identifying trouble spots early, and taking corrective action to avoid crisis management. PMID:10711186

DiJerome, L; Dunham-Taylor, J; Ash, D; Brown, R

1999-01-01

313

Monitoring production target thickness  

SciTech Connect

Pion and muon production targets at the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility consist of rotating graphite wheels. The previous target thickness monitoring Procedure scanned the target across a reduced intensity beam to determine beam center. The fractional loss in current across the centered target gave a measure of target thickness. This procedure, however, required interruption of beam delivery to experiments and frequently indicated a different fractional loss than at normal beam currents. The new monitoring Procedure compares integrated ups and downs toroid current monitor readings. The current monitors are read once per minute and the integral of readings are logged once per eight-hour shift. Changes in the upstream to downstream fractional difference provide a nonintrusive continuous measurement of target thickness under nominal operational conditions. Target scans are now done only when new targets are installed or when unexplained changes in the current monitor data are observed.

Oothoudt, M.A.

1993-01-01

314

Monitoring production target thickness  

SciTech Connect

Pion and muon production targets at the Clinton P. Anderson Meson Physics Facility consist of rotating graphite wheels. The previous target thickness monitoring Procedure scanned the target across a reduced intensity beam to determine beam center. The fractional loss in current across the centered target gave a measure of target thickness. This procedure, however, required interruption of beam delivery to experiments and frequently indicated a different fractional loss than at normal beam currents. The new monitoring Procedure compares integrated ups and downs toroid current monitor readings. The current monitors are read once per minute and the integral of readings are logged once per eight-hour shift. Changes in the upstream to downstream fractional difference provide a nonintrusive continuous measurement of target thickness under nominal operational conditions. Target scans are now done only when new targets are installed or when unexplained changes in the current monitor data are observed.

Oothoudt, M.A.

1993-06-01

315

Light cone matrix product  

SciTech Connect

We show how to combine the light-cone and matrix product algorithms to simulate quantum systems far from equilibrium for long times. For the case of the XXZ spin chain at {Delta} = 0.5, we simulate to a time of {approx} 22.5. While part of the long simulation time is due to the use of the light-cone method, we also describe a modification of the infinite time-evolving bond decimation algorithm with improved numerical stability, and we describe how to incorporate symmetry into this algorithm. While statistical sampling error means that we are not yet able to make a definite statement, the behavior of the simulation at long times indicates the appearance of either 'revivals' in the order parameter as predicted by Hastings and Levitov (e-print arXiv:0806.4283) or of a distinct shoulder in the decay of the order parameter.

Hastings, Matthew B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01

316

Ether and hydrocarbon production  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a continuous process for converting lower aliphatic alkanol and olefinic hydrocarbon to alkyl tertiary-alkyl ethers and C{sub 5} + gasoline boiling range hydrocarbons. It comprises contacting alkanol and a light olefinic hydrocarbon stream rich in isobutylene and other C{sub 4} isomeric hydrocarbons under iso-olefin etherification conditions in an etherification reaction zone containing acid etherification catalyst; separating etherification effluent to recover a light stream comprising unreacted alkanol and light olefinic hydrocarbon and a liquid product stream containing alkyl tertiary-butyl ether; and contacting the light stream with acidic, medium pore metallosilicate catalyst under alkanol and hydrocarbon conversion conditions whereby C{sub 5} + gasoline boiling range hydrocarbons are produced.

Harandi, M.N.; Owen, H.

1991-03-19

317

STS-9 BET products  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The final products generated for the STS-9, which landed on December 8, 1983 are reported. The trajectory reconstruction utilized an anchor epoch of GMT corresponding to an initial altitude of h 356 kft, selected in view of the limited tracking coverage available. The final state utilized IMU2 measurements and was based on processing radar tracking from six C-bands and a single S-band station, plus six photo-theodolite cameras in the vicinity of Runway 17 at Edwards Air Force Base. The final atmosphere (FLAIR9/UN=581199C) was based on a composite of the remote measured data and the 1978 Air Force Reference Atmosphere model. The Extended BET is available as STS9BET/UN=274885C. The AEROBET and MMLE input files created are discussed. Plots of the more relevant parameters from the AEROBET (reel number NL0624) are included. Input parameters, final residual plots, a trajectory listing, and data archival information are defined.

Findlay, J. T.; Kelly, G. M.; Heck, M. L.; Mcconnell, J. G.; Henry, M. W.

1984-01-01

318

Biomimetic Production of Hydrogen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The basic reaction for hydrogen generation is formation of molecular hydrogen from two electrons and two protons. Although there are many possible sources for the protons and electrons, and a variety of mechanisms for providing the requisite energy for hydrogen synthesis, the most abundant and readily available source of protons and electrons is water, and the most attractive source of energy for powering the process is sunlight. Not surprisingly, living systems have evolved to take advantage of these sources for materials and energy. Thus, biology provides paradigms for carrying out the reactions necessary for hydrogen production. Photosynthesis in green plants uses sunlight as the source of energy for the oxidation of water to give molecular oxygen, protons, and reduction potential. Some photosynthetic organisms are capable of using this reduction potential, in the form of the reduced redox protein ferredoxin, to reduce protons and produce molecular hydrogen via the action of an hydrogenase enzyme. A variety of other organisms metabolize the reduced carbon compounds that are ultimately the major products of photosynthesis to produce molecular hydrogen. These facts suggest that it might be possible to use light energy to make molecular hydrogen via biomimetic constructs that employ principles similar to those used by natural organisms, or perhaps with hybrid "bionic" systems that combine biomimetic materials with natural enzymes. It is now possible to construct artificial photosynthetic systems that mimic some of the major steps in the natural process.(1) Artificial antennas based on porphyrins, carotenoids and other chromophores absorb light at various wavelengths in the solar spectrum and transfer the harvested excitation energy to artificial photosynthetic reaction centers.(2) In these centers, photoinduced electron transfer uses the energy from light to move an electron from a donor to an acceptor moiety, generating a high-energy charge-separated state. Subsequent electron transfer reactions further separate the electron and hole spatially, reducing the electronic coupling, slowing charge recombination, and lengthening the useful lifetime of the charge separation.(3) Still following the example of natural bacterial photosynthesis, these artificial reaction centers may be inserted into the lipid bilayer membranes of liposomes. There, they are used to power transmembrane proton pumps based on a redox loop that employs a lipid-soluble quinone molecule to shuttle hydrogen ions across the membrane, acidifying the interior of the liposome.(4) Finally, ATP synthase isolated from spinach can be inserted into the liposomal bilayer. Protons flow out of the liposome through the enzyme, driven by the gradient produced by the proton pump. The energy released is used to convert adenosine diphosphate into adenosine triphosphate, which is a major biological energy currency.(5) The chromophores used in these artificial photosynthetic reaction centers may also be attached to wide band gap nanoparticulate semiconductor electrodes, where their excited states inject electrons into the semiconductor, generating the radical cation of the chromophore. Such electrodes have been incorporated into a photoelectrochemical biofuel cell.(6) In the cell, NADH reduces the radical cation, regenerating the chromophore and ultimately producing NAD+. The NAD+ is recycled by converting it back to NADH via dehydrogenase enzymes that oxidize carbohydrates and similar reduced carbon compounds, including glucose, ethanol and methanol. Addition of a suitable cathode produces a cell that generates electric current through the combined action of light and enzymatic oxidation. The two examples of artificial photosynthesis discussed above are potential sources of the reducing power necessary for hydrogen production. A biomimetic approach to this goal is to couple an artificial photosynthetic system to an enzymatic system for hydrogen production isolated from a suitable organism. Some possible approaches to achieving this will be discussed. References (

Gust, Devens

2004-03-01

319

Radioisotope production linac  

SciTech Connect

A 70-MeV proton beam would open a new family of medical radioisotopes (including the important /sup 123/I) to wide application. A 70-MeV, 500-..mu..A linac is described, based on recent innovations in accelerator technology. It would be 27.3 m long, cost approx. $6 million, and the cost of power deposited in the radioisotope-production target is comparable to existing cyclotrons. By operating the rf-power system to its full capability, the same accelerator is capable of producing a 1140-..mu..A beam, and the cost per beam watt on the target is less than half that of comparable cyclotrons. The technology to build such a linac is in a mature stage of developmnt, ready for use by industry.

Stovall, J.E.; Hansborough, L.D.; O'Brien, H.A.

1981-01-01

320

Microbial Production of Isoprene  

SciTech Connect

Isoprene is a volatile hydrocarbon of unknown function, produced by certain bacteria, plants and animals, sometimes in huge amounts—the Earth’s forests are estimated to emit >500 x 106 tons of isoprene per year. With funding from this program we explored the biochemistry and regulation of isoprene formation in the model bacterial system, Bacillus subtilis, with the goals of explaining the biological rationale for isoprene biogenesis and constructing an isoprene-overproducing microbial system. Although the role for isoprene formation in B. subtilis is still uncertain, our current model for regulation of this hydrocarbon’s synthesis is that isoprene production in B. subtilis is controlled by a combination of i) rapid regulation of isoprene synthase activity and ii) supply of the substrate for isoprene synthase, dimethyallyl diphosphate (DMAPP). This model parallels our current thinking about the control of isoprene formation in plant chloroplasts. In this reporting period we have been working to test part ii) of this model; this work has produced new results using genetic and analytical approaches. For examples, we have developed an analytical method to resolve DMAPP and its isomer, isopentenyl diphosphate, from each other in bacteria and plants. We have also shown that the IPP isomerase (type 2) of B. subtilis is not the source of “isoprene synthase” activity, and discovered that B. subtilis releases C5 isoprenoid alcohols to the medium, suggesting that isoprene plus other C5 isoprenoids may be common by-products of metabolism. In addition, we have continued to work on our discovery that wild type B. subtilis strains form prolific biofilms, are normal components of plant root microflora, and are testing the idea that B. subtilis growing in biofilms uses isoprene to induce plant root exudation.

Ray Fall

2007-07-29

321

PRODUCTS OF ACTIVATED LYMPHOCYTES  

PubMed Central

General methods were developed and applied to the biosynthesis and purification of products of activated lymphocytes available in minute quantities. The activity studied here was the migration inhibitory factor (MIF) produced by purified protein derivative (PPD)- or concanavalin A (Con A)-stimulated lymphocytes obtained from one guinea pig or less. The methods selected yielded results in terms of two chemical parameters characteristic of the molecules involved, namely Kd on Sephadex G-75 and isoionic point, pI, on isoelectric focusing. When supernatants were fractionated on G-75 columns, there were several areas even in control supernatants which produced migration inhibition relative to medium controls. However, in PPD- and Con A-stimulated supernatants, at least one peak of MIF activity was found solely in the stimulated cultures, with a Kd of 0.15. A double-labeling technique was used to characterize the proteins of this peak. Control, unstimulated cultures were labeled with [14C]leucine and stimulated cultures were labeled with [3H]leucine. After mixing the supernatants and G-75 filtration, a major "ratiolabeled" broad peak. i.e. one with increased 3H/14C ratio, was found. When a narrow portion of this peak about Kd 0.15, containing most of the MIF activity, was subjected to analytical isoelectric focusing, all of the label was associated with proteins of lower net charge than albumin. A unique ratiolabeled peak was found in PPD- and Con A-stimulated fractions with a pI of approx. 5.3. A micropreparative isoelectric focusing technique was developed and yielded MIF activity in the same region as the major ratiolabeled peak. Further study will be required to ascertain whether the ratiolabeled protein is MIF. By following the Kd, pI, and 3H/14C labeling ratio, at least 14 products of activated lymphocytes, synthesized either de novo or in increased amounts, could be distinguished. PMID:4688317

Sorg, Clemens; Bloom, Barry R.

1973-01-01

322

Gross Primary Productivity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's new Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) allows scientists to gauge our planet's metabolism on an almost daily basis. GPP, gross primary production, is the technical term for plant photosynthesis. This composite image over the continental United States, acquired during the period March 26-April 10, 2000, shows regions where plants were more or less productive-i.e., where they 'inhaled' carbon dioxide and then used the carbon from photosynthesis to build new plant structures. This false-color image provides a map of how much carbon was absorbed out of the atmosphere and fixed within land vegetation. Areas colored blue show where plants used as much as 60 grams of carbon per square meter. Areas colored green and yellow indicate a range of anywhere from 40 to 20 grams of carbon absorbed per square meter. Red pixels show an absorption of less than 10 grams of carbon per square meter and white pixels (often areas covered by snow or masked as urban) show little or no absorption. This is one of a number of new measurements that MODIS provides to help scientists understand how the Earth's landscapes are changing over time. Scientists' goal is use of these GPP measurements to refine computer models to simulate how the land biosphere influences the natural cycles of water, carbon, and energy throughout the Earth system. The GPP will be an integral part of global carbon cycle source and sink analysis, an important aspect of Kyoto Protocol assessments. This image is the first of its kind from the MODIS instrument, which launched in December 1999 aboard the Terra spacecraft. MODIS began acquiring scientific data on February 24, 2000, when it first opened its aperture door. The MODIS instrument and Terra spacecraft are both managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. Image courtesy Steven Running, MODIS Land Group Member, University of Montana

2002-01-01

323

Hydroprocessing Bio-oil and Products Separation for Coke Production  

SciTech Connect

Fast pyrolysis of biomass can be used to produce a raw bio-oil product, which can be upgraded by catalytic hydroprocessing to hydrocarbon liquid products. In this study the upgraded products were distilled to recover light naphtha and oils and to produce a distillation resid with useful properties for coker processing and production of renewable, low-sulfur electrode carbon. For this hydroprocessing work, phase separation of the bio-oil was applied as a preparatory step to concentrate the heavier, more phenolic components thus generating a more amenable feedstock for resid production. Low residual oxygen content products were produced by continuous-flow, catalytic hydroprocessing of the phase separated bio-oil.

Elliott, Douglas C.; Neuenschwander, Gary G.; Hart, Todd R.

2013-04-01

324

Information models of software productivity - Limits on productivity growth  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research into generalized information-metric models of software process productivity establishes quantifiable behavior and theoretical bounds. The models establish a fundamental mathematical relationship between software productivity and the human capacity for information traffic, the software product yield (system size), information efficiency, and tool and process efficiencies. An upper bound is derived that quantifies average software productivity and the maximum rate at which it may grow. This bound reveals that ultimately, when tools, methodologies, and automated assistants have reached their maximum effective state, further improvement in productivity can only be achieved through increasing software reuse. The reuse advantage is shown not to increase faster than logarithmically in the number of reusable features available. The reuse bound is further shown to be somewhat dependent on the reuse policy: a general 'reuse everything' policy can lead to a somewhat slower productivity growth than a specialized reuse policy.

Tausworthe, Robert C.

1992-01-01

325

A Mobile Product Recommendation System Interacting with Tagged Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a concept that enables consumers to access and share product recommendations using their mobile phone. Based on a review of current product recommendation mechanisms it devises a concept called APriori. APriori leverages the potential of auto-ID-enabled mobile phones (barcode\\/RFID) to receive and submit product ratings. Since mobile users cannot be expected to have the patience and time

Felix Von Reischach; Florian Michahelles; Dominique Guinard; Elgar Fleisch

2009-01-01

326

Bioreactor technology for production of valuable algal products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bioreactor technology has long been employed for the production of various (mostly cheap) food and pharmaceutical products. More recently, research has been mainly focused on the development of novel bioreactor technology for the production of high—value products. This paper reports the employment of novel bioreactor technology for the production of high-value biomass and metabolites by microalgae. These high-value products include microalgal biomass as health foods, pigments including phycocyanin and carotenoids, and polyunsaturated fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. The processes involved include heterotrophic and mixotrophic cultures using organic substrates as the carbon source. We have demonstrated that these bioreactor cultivation systems are particularly suitable for the production of high-value products from various microalgae. These cultivation systems can be further modified to improve cell densities and productivities by using high cell density techniques such as fed-batch and membrane cell recycle systems. For most of the microalgae investigated, the maximum cell concentrations obtained using these bioreactor systems in our laboratories are much higher than any so far reported in the literature.

Liu, Guo-Cai; Cao, Ying

1998-03-01

327

PRODUCTION OF CARBON PRODUCTS USING A COAL EXTRACTION PROCESS  

SciTech Connect

This Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory sponsored project developed carbon products, using mildly hydrogenated solvents to extract the organic portion of coal to create synthetic pitches, cokes, carbon foam and carbon fibers. The focus of this effort was on development of lower cost solvents, milder hydrogenation conditions and improved yield in order to enable practical production of these products. This technology is needed because of the long-term decline in production of domestic feedstocks such as petroleum pitch and coal tar pitch. Currently, carbon products represents a market of roughly 5 million tons domestically, and 19 million tons worldwide. Carbon products are mainly derived from feedstocks such as petroleum pitch and coal tar pitch. The domestic supply of petroleum pitch is declining because of the rising price of liquid fuels, which has caused US refineries to maximize liquid fuel production. As a consequence, the long term trend has a decline in production of petroleum pitch over the past 20 years. The production of coal tar pitch, as in the case of petroleum pitch, has likewise declined significantly over the past two decades. Coal tar pitch is a byproduct of metallurgical grade coke (metcoke) production. In this industry, modern metcoke facilities are recycling coal tar as fuel in order to enhance energy efficiency and minimize environmental emissions. Metcoke production itself is dependent upon the production requirements for domestic steel. Hence, several metcoke ovens have been decommissioned over the past two decades and have not been replaced. As a consequence sources of coal tar are being taken off line and are not being replaced. The long-term trend is a reduction in coal tar pitch production. Thus import of feedstocks, mainly from Eastern Europe and China, is on the rise despite the relatively large transportation cost. To reverse this trend, a new process for producing carbon products is needed. The process must be economically competitive with current processes, and yet be environmentally friendly as well. The solvent extraction process developed uses mild hydrogenation of low cost oils to create powerful solvents that can dissolve the organic portion of coal. The insoluble portion, consisting mainly of mineral matter and fixed carbon, is removed via centrifugation or filtration, leaving a liquid solution of coal chemicals and solvent. This solution can be further refined via distillation to meet specifications for products such as synthetic pitches, cokes, carbon foam and fibers. The most economical process recycles 85% of the solvent, which itself is obtained as a low-cost byproduct from industrial processes such as coal tar or petroleum refining. Alternatively, processes have been developed that can recycle 100% of the solvent, avoiding any need for products derived from petroleum or coal tar.

Dady Dadyburjor; Philip R. Biedler; Chong Chen; L. Mitchell Clendenin; Manoj Katakdaunde; Elliot B. Kennel; Nathan D. King; Liviu Magean; Peter G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo

2004-08-31

328

Floating units cut production costs  

SciTech Connect

Nine operating semisubmersible and tanker production platform facilities are currently supplying the technology and experiential data necessary for development of floating production systems for depth applications of 1000 to 10,000 ft. Sedco-Hamilton Production Services has developed a 4-well deepwater system consisting of a floating tanker or semi moored on short lines to 4 permanent catenary moored springbuoys. The platform is linked to a seabed tree array through the hull centerline via a flexible, retrievable production riser bundle. Costs associated with floating production platforms normally are lower than those of fixed platforms. A major factor is the decision to convert an existing drilling rig into the production mode or alternatively opt for a new build.

Homer, A.

1983-05-01

329

APASS Data Product Developments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

(Abstract only) Data Release 6 (DR6) of the AAVSO Photometric All-Sky Survey (APASS) was a significant milestone in the ambitious project to provide calibrated photometry for 10 < V < 17 over the entire sky in Johnson B and V and Sloan g',r',I', bandpasses. DR6 itself was a list of mean magnitudes and colors for about 42 million objects and sky coverage was approximately 95% complete. The photometric means database has now been supplemented by additional data products: an epoch photometry database and a publicly-accessible store of the dark-subtracted, flat-fielded images at the Canadian Astronomy Data Centre. In this talk, I will describe the processes and challenges of producing these new, useful resources and the contributions of numerous people to the success of this effort. As new data releases occur, the epoch photometry database - which contains data for all measured stars, not just variables - will be updated to include all newly available measurements. As of October 2012, 861,322,813 individual photometric measurements exist in the epoch photometry database. The breakdown of measurements per filter is: B 167,682,680; V 170,005,969; u 25,457; g 181,303,298; r 181,266,321; i 160,374,091; z 664,997. A VStar plug-in to access and analyse the APASS epoch photometry database will be demonstrated and future developments discussed.

Welch, D. L.

2013-06-01

330

Charm Production at RHIC  

E-print Network

Observations by the PHENIX and STAR collaborations suggest that a strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma is produced in heavy-ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). After a brief introduction to heavy-ion physics, measurements of heavy-quark production in heavy-ion collisions and the modification of heavy-quark spectra by the QGP are presented. Measurements of the total charm cross-section in several different collision systems confirm that charm quark-antiquark pairs are produced through parton hard-scattering in the initial stages of the collisions. Non-photonic electrons (proxies for heavy quarks) are suppressed by about a factor of 5 in central Au + Au collisions relative to p + p collisions. This is larger than most current theoretical predictions and has lead to a re-examination of heavy-quark energy loss in the medium. The relative contributions of c and b decays to the non-photonic electron spectrum have been predicted by perturbative QCD calculations; STAR measurements of azimuthal correlation functions of non-photonic electrons and hadrons agree with these predictions.

A. G. Knospe

2007-10-08

331

CPV Energy Production Analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work describes a simple method that predicts the CPV energy production (EP) by using Global Horizontal Irradiation (GHI) data from weather stations and the PVGIS database. To establish and examine this prediction model, we analyze data from four CPV installations of different radiation conditions in Spain. The EP prediction involves two steps. First, since Direct Normal Irradiation (DNI) is not widely measured, it is estimated based on real-time GHI and PVGIS data over an average year. Second, the EP is extrapolated as a linear function of the estimated DNI. This is based on the fact that the real EP data from these CPV installations shows very good linearity with respect to the estimated DNI. Moreover, this characteristic does not change when moving from a low radiation location to a high radiation one. Thus, our proposed model uses GHI data from nearby weather stations and the PVGIS database and predicts the performance of CPV installations at any location. Our prediction closely matches the real EP. For the installations we have studied, the difference between the predicted and the real annual EP is less than 2% and the average difference between the predicted and the real monthly EP is in the range of 5-16%.

Gómez-Gil, Francisco J.; Wang, Xiaoting; Barnett, Allen

2011-12-01

332

Dehydration products of 2-methylisoborneol  

Microsoft Academic Search

2-Methylenebornane and 2-methyl-2-bornene have previously been identified as dehydration or degradation products of 2-methylisoborneol (MIB), a compound responsible for taste and odour problems in various water environments. Previously, the identification of these products has been based on mass spectral analysis only. The dehydration of MIB under a variety of conditions was reinvestigated and the products fully characterised by 1H and

Russell Schumann; Phillip Pendleton

1997-01-01

333

Method for Production of Powders  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Apparatus and method are disclosed for producing oxides of metals and of metal alloys. The metal or alloy is placed in an oxygen atmosphere in a combustion chamber and ignited. Products of the combustion include one or more oxides of the metal or alloy in powdered form. In one embodiment of the invention a feeder is provided whereby material to be oxidized by combustion can be achieved into a combustion chamber continuously. A product remover receives the powder product of the combustion.

Stoltzfus, Joel M. (Inventor); Sircar, Subhasish (Inventor)

1997-01-01

334

Compliance guide for laser products  

SciTech Connect

Manufacturers of products subject to performance standards under the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968 are required to furnish various reports to the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (FDA). The guide is for use by manufacturers of lasers and laser products in preparing Initial Reports and Model Change Reports on Lasers and Products Containing Lasers. The publication incorporates changes from the 1985 amendments to the standard and supersedes previous editions.

Not Available

1985-09-01

335

Spun-fiber textured products  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process for spinning fibers from soy isolate is described. Fabrication of so called food analogues and extenders containing\\u000a spun soy fibers is reviewed. The rationale for the use of fibers in food products and ingredients is explored. Nutritional\\u000a properties, especially protein quality, of the products are discussed. Emphasis is given to the fact that spun-fiber textured\\u000a products contain a

Daniel Rosenfield; Warren E. Hartman

1974-01-01

336

Top quark production at CDF  

SciTech Connect

The large data samples of top quark candidate events collected at the Tevatron CDF II experiment allow for a variety of measurements to analyze the production of the top quark. This article discusses recent results of top quark production at CDF presented at the SUSY09 conference, including updates to the top pair production cross section, forward-backward asymmetry in t{bar t} production, single top search, search for top resonances and a search for heavy top. The discussed measurements utilize up to 3.2 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected at CDF.

Moed, Shulamit; /Harvard U.

2010-01-01

337

Ochratoxin production by Aspergillus species.  

PubMed Central

Ochratoxin production was tested in 172 strains representing species in sections Fumigati, Circumdati, Candidi, and Wentii of the genus Aspergillus by an immunochemical method using a monoclonal antibody preparation against ochratoxin A. Ochratoxin A was detected in Aspergillus ochraceus, A. alliaceus, A. sclerotiorum, A. sulphureus, A. albertensis, A. auricomus, and A. wentii strains. This is the first report of production of ochratoxins in the latter three species. Ochratoxin production by these species was confirmed by high-performance thin-layer chromatography and by high-performance liquid chromatography. The chemical methods also indicated the production of ochratoxin B by all of the Aspergillus strains mentioned above. PMID:8953717

Varga, J; Kevei, E; Rinyu, E; Téren, J; Kozakiewicz, Z

1996-01-01

338

Hydrogen production from carbonaceous material  

DOEpatents

Hydrogen is produced from solid or liquid carbon-containing fuels in a two-step process. The fuel is gasified with hydrogen in a hydrogenation reaction to produce a methane-rich gaseous reaction product, which is then reacted with water and calcium oxide in a hydrogen production and carbonation reaction to produce hydrogen and calcium carbonate. The calcium carbonate may be continuously removed from the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction zone and calcined to regenerate calcium oxide, which may be reintroduced into the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction zone. Hydrogen produced in the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction is more than sufficient both to provide the energy necessary for the calcination reaction and also to sustain the hydrogenation of the coal in the gasification reaction. The excess hydrogen is available for energy production or other purposes. Substantially all of the carbon introduced as fuel ultimately emerges from the invention process in a stream of substantially pure carbon dioxide. The water necessary for the hydrogen production and carbonation reaction may be introduced into both the gasification and hydrogen production and carbonation reactions, and allocated so as transfer the exothermic heat of reaction of the gasification reaction to the endothermic hydrogen production and carbonation reaction.

Lackner, Klaus S.; Ziock, Hans J.; Harrison, Douglas P.

2004-09-14

339

Production Design: Holding It Together.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses production design for videos. Outlines general considerations (opening, transitions, content areas, and closing) and specific considerations (typography, screen design, music, and sound effects). Offers an example. (SR)

Connelly, James O.

1994-01-01

340

Optical design for consumer products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical engineers often limit their focus on meeting the provided targets on performance and geometry and assume that the specifications are largely non-negotiable. Such approach ignores the value proposition behind the product and the challenges associated with overall product design, manufacturing, business development and legal issues. As a result, the design effort can be expensive, time consuming and can result in product failure. We discuss a product based systems engineering approach that leads to an application specific optical design that is more effective and efficient to implement.

Gupta, Anurag

2014-10-01

341

Coalbed methane production case histories  

SciTech Connect

The production of methane gas from coal and coal-bearing rocks is one of the prime objectives of the Department of Energy's Methane Recovery from Coalbeds Project. This report contains brief description of wells that are presently producing gas from coal or coal-bearing rocks. Data from three gob gas production areas in Illinois, an in-mine horizontal borehole degasification, and eleven vertical boreholes are presented. Production charts and electric logs of the producing zones are included for some of the wells. Additional information on dry gas production from the San Juan Basin, Colorado/New Mexico and the Greater Green River Coal Region, Colorado/Wyoming is also included.

Not Available

1981-02-01

342

Documented Problem Solving: Gross Domestic Product Versus Gross National Product  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The topic of gross domestic product (GDP) was introduced in class. The components of GDP - consumption, investment, government spending, and net exports - were discussed. The items that are excluded from GDP and the difference between GDP and gross national product (GNP) were also explained.

Linda Wilson

343

Enhancing Product Development Through Parametric and Product Data Management Tools  

E-print Network

segment of the furniture industry: the upholstered furniture products area. Of particular interest was the product development process of the wooden frames used in the upholstered furniture. The project Graphic Communications Program John Summey Furniture Manufacturing and Management Center North Carolina

344

ENGINEERING SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE FOR ETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM AGRICULTURAL WASTE PRODUCTS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Research focusing on the production of alternative fuels has intensified due to increasing global demand for a limited oil supply. Fuel ethanol production in the U.S. amounted to 5 billion gallons for 2006 and is projected to increase. Most of the ethanol produced is currently from fermentation of...

345

Production of carboxylic acid and salt co-products  

DOEpatents

This invention provide processes for producing carboxylic acid product, along with useful salts. The carboxylic acid product that is produced according to this invention is preferably a C.sub.2-C.sub.12 carboxylic acid. Among the salts produced in the process of the invention are ammonium salts.

Hanchar, Robert J.; Kleff, Susanne; Guettler, Michael V.

2014-09-09

346

Production, Productivity, and Public Investment in East Asian Agriculture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1950s, agricultural growth in East Asia (China, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, and Taiwan) has reduced rural poverty and created a strong base for economic development. To gain a better understanding of the nature of this growth, we examine the sources of change in agricultural production and total factor productivity (TFP) and decompose the measurements into reform-based time

Shenggen Fan; Joanna Brzeska

347

A Mobile Product Recommendation System Interacting with Tagged Products  

E-print Network

A Mobile Product Recommendation System Interacting with Tagged Products Felix von Reischach Auto-ID Labs ETH Zurich and SAP Research CEC Zurich Switzerland freischach@ethz.ch Dominique Guinard Auto-ID Labs ETH Zurich and SAP Research CEC Zurich Switzerland dguinard@ethz.ch Florian Michahelles Auto

348

Valuing Production Values: A "Do It Yourself" Media Production Club  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we identify how and why digital media production can contribute to the active participation of children in education and also consider how much of the existing work in this area is framed as a "miraculous" answer to educational challenges without critical interrogation of either the process or product. To begin, we…

Jenson, Jennifer; Dahya, Negin; Fisher, Stephanie

2014-01-01

349

Product audit for heavy duty diesel engines in production environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

A product audit at manufacturing plants has become more important due to the customer's requirements on product quality. Noise and vibration performance have been a primary concern for gas engines and small size diesel engines. Lately, more interest has been shown by truck manufacturers about engine noise for heavy duty diesel application. It has been regarded that acoustic measurements requires

Sanghoon Suh; Jim Beresford

2005-01-01

350

From mass production to flexible\\/agile production  

Microsoft Academic Search

In industrial management, the 1980s marked the end of the twentieth century, an epoch dominated by US manufacturers, the alleged masters of mass production. This system has now been outstripped in several dynamic sectors by flexible\\/agile production. Increases in the pace of technological progress, training and aspirations have made the modern context so dynamic that firms which manage to harness

Claude R. Duguay; Sylvain Landry; Federico Pasin

1997-01-01

351

Four products from Escherichia coli pseudogenes increase hydrogen production q  

E-print Network

Four products from Escherichia coli pseudogenes increase hydrogen production q Mohd Zulkhairi Mohd Escherichia coli pseudogene ydfW ypdJ yqiG ylcE a b s t r a c t Pseudogenes are considered to be nonfunctional genes that lack a physiological role. By screening 3985 Escherichia coli mutants using chemochromic

Wood, Thomas K.

352

Essays on Product Recalls, New Product Preannouncements, and Shareholder Value  

E-print Network

-recall response diligently, and initiate recalls to mitigate the negative impact of the product-harm crises. In the second essay, I focus on the determinants of the effect of new product preannouncements on short-term shareholder value changes in an environment...

Yun, Wonjoo

2014-08-08

353

Food Production, Management, and Services. Production. Teacher Edition. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide contains 20 units of instruction for a course in production in the food production, management, and services area. Units of instruction are designed for use in more than one lesson or class period of instruction. Introductory materials include the following: a competency profile; instructional/task analysis; related academic…

Gibson, LeRoy

354

7 CFR 1170.4 - Dairy products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PRODUCT MANDATORY REPORTING...products. Dairy Products means: (a) Manufactured dairy products that are used by...Class III and Class IV milk under a...

2012-01-01

355

7 CFR 1170.4 - Dairy products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MILK), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PRODUCT MANDATORY REPORTING...products. Dairy Products means: (a) Manufactured dairy products that are used by...Class III and Class IV milk under a...

2013-01-01

356

7 CFR 1170.4 - Dairy products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PRODUCT MANDATORY REPORTING...products. Dairy Products means: (a) Manufactured dairy products that are used by...Class III and Class IV milk under a...

2011-01-01

357

7 CFR 1170.4 - Dairy products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MILK), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PRODUCT MANDATORY REPORTING...products. Dairy Products means: (a) Manufactured dairy products that are used by...Class III and Class IV milk under a...

2014-01-01

358

7 CFR 1280.129 - Wool products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Agriculture 10 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Wool products. 1280.129 Section 1280.129 Agriculture...and Information Order Definitions § 1280.129 Wool products. Wool products means products produced, in whole or...

2014-01-01

359

7 CFR 1280.129 - Wool products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Agriculture 10 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Wool products. 1280.129 Section 1280.129 Agriculture...and Information Order Definitions § 1280.129 Wool products. Wool products means products produced, in whole or...

2011-01-01

360

7 CFR 1280.129 - Wool products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Agriculture 10 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Wool products. 1280.129 Section 1280.129 Agriculture...and Information Order Definitions § 1280.129 Wool products. Wool products means products produced, in whole or...

2012-01-01

361

7 CFR 1280.129 - Wool products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Wool products. 1280.129 Section 1280.129 Agriculture...and Information Order Definitions § 1280.129 Wool products. Wool products means products produced, in whole or...

2010-01-01

362

7 CFR 1280.129 - Wool products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Agriculture 10 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Wool products. 1280.129 Section 1280.129 Agriculture...and Information Order Definitions § 1280.129 Wool products. Wool products means products produced, in whole or...

2013-01-01

363

Comparing Product Development Processes and Managing Risk  

E-print Network

Product Development Processes (PDPs) require careful design to reduce development time, create better products and manage the risks of bringing new products to market. This paper investigates the relationship between product ...

Unger, Darian W.

364

21 CFR 1040.10 - Laser products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Laser products. 1040.10 Section 1040...LIGHT-EMITTING PRODUCTS § 1040.10 Laser products. (a) Applicability. ...amended, are applicable as specified to all laser products manufactured or assembled...

2014-04-01

365

21 CFR 1040.10 - Laser products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Laser products. 1040.10 Section 1040...LIGHT-EMITTING PRODUCTS § 1040.10 Laser products. (a) Applicability. ...amended, are applicable as specified to all laser products manufactured or assembled...

2012-04-01

366

21 CFR 1040.10 - Laser products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Laser products. 1040.10 Section 1040...LIGHT-EMITTING PRODUCTS § 1040.10 Laser products. (a) Applicability. ...amended, are applicable as specified to all laser products manufactured or assembled...

2010-04-01

367

21 CFR 1040.10 - Laser products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Laser products. 1040.10 Section 1040...LIGHT-EMITTING PRODUCTS § 1040.10 Laser products. (a) Applicability. ...amended, are applicable as specified to all laser products manufactured or assembled...

2011-04-01

368

21 CFR 1040.10 - Laser products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Laser products. 1040.10 Section 1040...LIGHT-EMITTING PRODUCTS § 1040.10 Laser products. (a) Applicability. ...amended, are applicable as specified to all laser products manufactured or assembled...

2013-04-01

369

Assessing the Total Factor Productivity of Cotton Production in Egypt  

PubMed Central

The main objective of this paper is to decompose the productivity growth of Egyptian cotton production. We employ the stochastic frontier approach and decompose the changes in total factor productivity (CTFP) growth into four components: technical progress (TP), changes in scale component (CSC), changes in allocative efficiency (CAE), and changes in technical efficiency (CTE). Considering a situation of scarce statistical information, we propose four alternative empirical models, with the purpose of looking for convergence in the results. The results provide evidence that in this production system total productivity does not increase, which is mainly due to the negative average contributions of CAE and TP. Policy implications are offered in light of the results. PMID:25625318

Rodríguez, Xosé A.; Elasraag, Yahia H.

2015-01-01

370

Assessing the total factor productivity of cotton production in Egypt.  

PubMed

The main objective of this paper is to decompose the productivity growth of Egyptian cotton production. We employ the stochastic frontier approach and decompose the changes in total factor productivity (CTFP) growth into four components: technical progress (TP), changes in scale component (CSC), changes in allocative efficiency (CAE), and changes in technical efficiency (CTE). Considering a situation of scarce statistical information, we propose four alternative empirical models, with the purpose of looking for convergence in the results. The results provide evidence that in this production system total productivity does not increase, which is mainly due to the negative average contributions of CAE and TP. Policy implications are offered in light of the results. PMID:25625318

Rodríguez, Xosé A; Elasraag, Yahia H

2015-01-01

371

GPM Data Products, Their Availability, and Production Status  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On February 28, 2014, Japan Standard Time, the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission was launched in a picture-perfect launch activity. On March 4, 2014, the GPM Microwave Imager (GMI) was put into science observation mode. The Dual-Frequency Radar (DPR) was put in science observation mode on March 8, 2014. The Precipitation Processing System (PPS) produced products immediately upon receiving the data. Both regular science products and Near-realtime (NRT) products were produced. These were made immediately available to a group of early adopters. In mid-June 2014, GMI level-1 brightness temperature products were made publicly available. In mid-July 2014, GMI and partner-radiometer precipitation retrievals were made public. GMI public availability was several months ahead of the planned release. The DPR products became publicly available on the planned release date of September 2, 2014. Data continues to be available to any user desiring it.

Stocker, Erich Franz; Kelley, Owen; Kwiatkowski, John; Ji, Yimin

2014-01-01

372

Operator product expansion algebra  

SciTech Connect

We establish conceptually important properties of the operator product expansion (OPE) in the context of perturbative, Euclidean ?{sup 4}-quantum field theory. First, we demonstrate, generalizing earlier results and techniques of hep-th/1105.3375, that the 3-point OPE, =?{sub C}C{sub A{sub 1A{sub 2A{sub 3}{sup C}}}}, usually interpreted only as an asymptotic short distance expansion, actually converges at finite, and even large, distances. We further show that the factorization identity C{sub A{sub 1A{sub 2A{sub 3}{sup B}}}}=?{sub C}C{sub A{sub 1A{sub 2}{sup C}}}C{sub CA{sub 3}{sup B}} is satisfied for suitable configurations of the spacetime arguments. Again, the infinite sum is shown to be convergent. Our proofs rely on explicit bounds on the remainders of these expansions, obtained using refined versions, mostly due to Kopper et al., of the renormalization group flow equation method. These bounds also establish that each OPE coefficient is a real analytic function in the spacetime arguments for non-coinciding points. Our results hold for arbitrary but finite loop orders. They lend support to proposals for a general axiomatic framework of quantum field theory, based on such “consistency conditions” and akin to vertex operator algebras, wherein the OPE is promoted to the defining structure of the theory.

Holland, Jan [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom)] [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom); Hollands, Stefan [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom) [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom); Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Leipzig, Brüderstr. 16, Leipzig, D-04103 (Germany)

2013-07-15

373

MODIS Snow-Cover Products  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

On December 18, 1999, the Terra satellite was launched with a complement of five instruments including the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS). Many geophysical products are derived from MODIS data including global snow-cover products. MODIS snow and ice products have been available through the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC) since September 13, 2000. MODIS snow-cover products represent potential improvement to or enhancement of the currently-available operational products mainly because the MODIS products are global and 500-m resolution, and have the capability to separate most snow and clouds. Also the snow-mapping algorithms are automated which means that a consistent data set may be generated for long-term climate studies that require snow-cover information. Extensive quality assurance (QA) information is stored with the products. The MODIS snow product suite begins with a 500-m resolution, 2330-km swath snow-cover map which is then gridded to an integerized sinusoidal grid to produce daily and 8-day composite tile products. The sequence proceeds to a climate-modeling grid (CMG) product at about 5.6-km spatial resolution, with both daily and 8-day composite products. Each pixel of the CMG contains fraction of snow cover from 40 - 100%. Measured errors of commission in the CMG are low, for example, on the continent of Australia in the spring, they vary from 0.02 - 0.10%. Near-term enhancements include daily snow albedo and fractional snow cover. A case study from March 6, 2000, involving MODIS data and field and aircraft measurements, is presented to show some early validation work.

Hall, Dorothy K.; Riggs, George A.; Salomonson, Vincent V.; DiGirolamo, Nicole E.; Bayr, Klaus J.; Houser, Paul R. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

374

Commercial Product Activation Using RFID  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) would be used for commercial product activation, according to a proposal. What is new here is the concept of combining RFID with activation - more specifically, using RFID for activating commercial products (principally, electronic ones) and for performing such ancillary functions as tracking individual product units on production lines, tracking shipments, and updating inventories. According to the proposal, an RFID chip would be embedded in each product. The information encoded in the chip would include a unique number for identifying the product. An RFID reader at the point of sale would record the number of the product and would write digital information to the RFID chip for either immediate activation of the product or for later interrogation and processing. To be practical, an RFID product-activation system should satisfy a number of key requirements: the system should be designed to be integrable into the inventory-tracking and the data-processing and -communication infrastructures of businesses along the entire supply chain from manufacture to retail; the system should be resistant to sophisticated hacking; activation codes should be made sufficiently complexity to minimize the probability of activating stolen products; RFID activation equipment at points of sale must be capable to two-way RF communication for the purposes of reading information from, and writing information to, embedded RFID chips; the equipment at points of sale should be easily operable by sales clerks with little or no training; the point-of-sale equipment should verify activation and provide visible and/or audible signals indicating verification or lack thereof; and, the system should be able to handle millions of products per year with minimal human intervention, among other requirements.

Jedrey, Thomas

2008-01-01

375

Effective Product Family Design Using Preference Aggregation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of product families, groups of products that share a common platform, is one way to provide product variety while keeping de- sign and production costs low. The design of a product platform can be for- mulated as a multi-criteria optimization problem, in which the performances of individual products trade off against each other and against the objective of

Zhihuang Dai; Michael J. Scott

2006-01-01

376

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors A Appendix A to Part 438...STANDARDS (CONTINUED) METAL PRODUCTS AND MACHINERY POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Pt. 438, App...Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors AEROSPACE Guided...

2013-07-01

377

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors A Appendix A to Part 438...STANDARDS (CONTINUED) METAL PRODUCTS AND MACHINERY POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Pt. 438, App...Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors AEROSPACE Guided...

2014-07-01

378

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors A Appendix A to Part 438...GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS METAL PRODUCTS AND MACHINERY POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Pt. 438, App...Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors AEROSPACE Guided...

2010-07-01

379

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors A Appendix A to Part 438...GUIDELINES AND STANDARDS METAL PRODUCTS AND MACHINERY POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Pt. 438, App...Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors AEROSPACE Guided...

2011-07-01

380

40 CFR Appendix A to Part 438 - Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors A Appendix A to Part 438...STANDARDS (CONTINUED) METAL PRODUCTS AND MACHINERY POINT SOURCE CATEGORY Pt. 438, App...Typical Products in Metal Products and Machinery Sectors AEROSPACE Guided...

2012-07-01

381

4, 37993828, 2007 Bacterial production  

E-print Network

limiting bacterial growth was investigated along vertical and longitudinal gradients across the SouthBGD 4, 3799­3828, 2007 Bacterial production limitation in the South Pacific Gyre F. Van Wambeke et forum of Biogeosciences Factors limiting heterotrophic bacterial production in the southern Pacific

Boyer, Edmond

382

Enzymatic Approach to Biodiesel Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for alternative energy sources that combine environmental friendliness with biodegradability, low toxicity, renewability, and less dependence on petroleum products has never been greater. One such energy source is referred to as biodiesel. This can be produced from vegetable oils, animal fats, microalgal oils, waste products of vegetable oil refinery or animal rendering, and used frying oils. Chemically, they

Casimir C. Akoh; Shu-Wei Chang; Guan-Chiun Lee; Jei-Fu Shaw

2007-01-01

383

PRODUCTION OF MANNITOL BY FERMENTATION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Mannitol, a naturally occurring polyol or sugar alcohol, is widely used in the food, pharmaceutical, medicine, and chemical industries. The production of mannitol by fermentation has become attractive because of the problems associated with its production chemically. A number of lactic acid bacter...

384

Genetic Engineering and Crop Production.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With a spotlight upon current agricultural difficulties and environmental dilemmas, this paper considers both the extant and potential applications of genetic engineering with respect to crop production. The nonagricultural factors most likely to sway the impact of this emergent technology upon future crop production are illustrated. (JJK)

Jones, Helen C.; Frost, S.

1991-01-01

385

Production Guide for Organic Grapes  

E-print Network

Production Guide for Organic Grapes 2014 NYS IPM Publication No. 224 Integrated Pest Management New York State Department of Agriculture & Markets #12;2014 Production Guide for Organic Grapes Cooperative Extension, Lake Erie Regional Grape Program) Terry Bates (Cornell University, Department

Keinan, Alon

386

in Engineering Sustainable Product Creation  

E-print Network

education which covers both the mechanical engineering and mechatronic aspects of sustainable productMaster of Science in Engineering ­ Sustainable Product Creation (académique) ­ #12;2 3 Peter Plapper Course director Professor of Engineering Science "This comprehensive education on the complete

van der Torre, Leon

387

Warped products and black holes  

E-print Network

We apply the warped product spacetime scheme to the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black holes and the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om-anti-de Sitter black hole to investigate their interior solutions in terms of warped products. It is shown that there exist no discontinuities of the Ricci and Einstein curvatures across event horizons of these black holes.

Soon-Tae Hong

2006-01-06

388

Game Coloring the Cartesian Product  

E-print Network

Game Coloring the Cartesian Product of Graphs Xuding Zhu1,2 1DEPARTMENT OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS to each vertex a set of n degree 1 neighbors. If G has game coloring number m and G has acyclic chromatic number k, then the Cartesian product G G has game chromatic number at most k(k+m - 1). As a consequence

Zhu, Xuding

389

Photoparameters in Photofermentative Biohydrogen Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on hydrogen production by photofermentation has gained renewed interest in recent times because of its potential to generate hydrogen from renewable sources in a sustainable manner for use as an alternate energy carrier. Photofermentative bacteria use nitrogenase enzyme in the presence of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and reducing power for hydrogen production in photobioreactors (PBRs). Depending on the pigments present

Venkataramana Gadhamshetty; Anoop Sukumaran; Nagamany Nirmalakhandan

2010-01-01

390

Natural products as antiviral agents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the ancient times, natural products have served as a majorsource of drugs. About fifty percent of today's pharmaceutical drugs are derived from natural origin. Interest in natural products as a source of new drugs is growing due to many factors that will be discussed in this article. Viruses have been resistant to therapy or prophylaxis longer than any other

Khalid A. El Sayed

2000-01-01

391

FUEL ETHANOL PRODUCTION FROM LIGNOCELLULOSE  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

In the U.S., the production of fuel ethanol from corn starch reached about 3.4 billion gallons in 2004. Various lignocellulosic biomass resources can serve as abundant low-cost substrates for production of ethanol. The pretreatment of any lignocellulose is essential before enzymatic saccharificati...

392

Technical progresses for PVC production  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review covers recent development of PVC production technologies of the suspension polymerization process, the bulk (mass) polymerization process and the emulsion polymerization process with some historical background. The development of process for the vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) production is also explained briefly. Since the suspension process is regarded to be the most important process with its 80% share of

Y. Saeki; T. Emura

2002-01-01

393

Simulated Batch Production of Penicillin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a program in applied biology in which the simulation of the production of penicillin in a batch fermentor is used as a teaching technique to give students experience before handling a genuine industrial fermentation process. Details are given for the calculation of minimum production cost. (JR)

Whitaker, A.; Walker, J. D.

1973-01-01

394

The Growth of Tense Productivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study tests empirical predictions of a maturational model for the growth of tense in children younger than 36 months using a type-based productivity measure. Method: Caregiver-child language samples were collected from 20 typically developing children every 3 months from 21 to 33 months of age. Growth in the productivity of tense…

Rispoli, Matthew; Hadley, Pamela A.; Holt, Janet K.

2009-01-01

395

Fossil-Based Hydrogen Production  

E-print Network

Fossil-Based Hydrogen Production Distributed Natural Gas WithCarbonSequestration Biomass Hydro Wind Solar Coal Nuclear Natural Gas Oil Arlene AndersonArlene Anderson #12;Barriers Fossil-Based Hydrogen Production · Capital Costs · O&M · Separation Technology · Control and Safety · Feedstock and Water Issues

396

Dragonfly Production and Prey Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

Annual production was calculated for three dominant larval odonate populations (Ladona deplanata, Epitheca spp., and Celithemis fasciata) coexisting in the littoral zone of an abandoned farm pond. Dragonfly populations and their prey were collected simultaneously with an Ekman grab at 2-wk to 1-mo intervals. Production for each dragonfly species was calculated using both the Allen curve method and the removal-summation

Arthur C. Benke

1976-01-01

397

WATER USE IN CROP PRODUCTION  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This is a review of the book "Water Use in Crop Production", which comprises sixteen chapters on the state of research on water use in crop production. The first three chapters are reviews of water conservation principles and practices, crop water use response to carbon dioxide and temperature, and ...

398

Onion Seed Production in California  

E-print Network

Onion Seed Production in California RONALD E. VOSS, Cooperative Extension Vegetable Specialist for onion (Allium cepa, L.) in California occurs pri- marily in the low desert of Imperial County areas. Onion seed production in the desert includes open-pollinated dehydrator varieties as well

Bradford, Kent

399

Consensus Coal Production Forecast for  

E-print Network

of Components Forecasts Energy Information Agency 20 Wood Mackenzie 23 West Virginia University, BBER 25.Va. Monthly Coal Production by Region 4 3. Average Mine Price of W.Va. Coal 5 4. Average Weekly Coal Commodity Spot Prices 6 5. Coal Mining Employment: W.Va. and U.S. 7 6. Annual Productivity: W.Va. and U.S. 8 7

Mohaghegh, Shahab

400

Nitrogen mineralization in production agriculture  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Understanding the effects of N management and how it relates to the N cycle in soil ecosystems is essential to determining N availability. This manuscript describes the importance of N mineralization to production agriculture and introduces a special issue on “N Mineralization in Production Agricult...

401

MSENGR Product Design Program Proposal  

E-print Network

MSENGR Product Design Program Proposal Rev 6/2007 p. 1 New Proposal Revision First graduate Date PS Milestone Entry #12;MSENGR Product Design Program Proposal Rev 6/2007 p. 2 Approved & Innovation in Design 3 ME203 Manufacturing and Design 4 ARTSTUDI60 Design I: Fundamental Visual

Prinz, Friedrich B.

402

Coal liquefaction product deashing process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Liquefaction of coal is effected by extraction of coal by a distillable solvent in the presence of hydrogen under conditions selected to produce a coal liquefaction product, the major portion of which is distillable. The effluent slurry product is vacuum distilled to recover the distillables including the solvent. The bottoms fraction is subjected to solvent treatment or fractionation to selectively

Gorin

1978-01-01

403

Word Production Deficits in Schizophrenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fronto-cerebellar circuitry is implicated in word production. Data suggest that the cerebellum is involved in word "search," whereas the prefrontal cortex underlies the "selection" of words from among competing alternatives. We explored the role of search and selection processes in word production deficits in schizophrenia patients. In Experiment…

Marvel, Cherie L.; Schwartz, Barbara L.; Isaacs, Keren L.

2004-01-01

404

Domestic product failures – Case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Every year in the UK more than 4000 people die in accidents in and around the home and nearly three million turn up at accident and emergency departments seeking treatment. Intrinsic in this number are many incidents of injury or death directly attributable to poor product design or manufacture of domestic products. In and around the home, commodities that dominate

C. Gagg

2005-01-01

405

Directed Random Dot Product Graphs  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we consider three models for random graphs that utilize the inner product as their fundamental object. We analyze the behavior of these models with respect to clustering, the small world property, and degree distribution. These models are motivated by the random dot product graphs developed by Kraetzl, Nickel and Scheinerman. We extend their results to fully parameterize

Stephen J. Young; Edward R. Scheinerman

2008-01-01

406

Product Placement and the Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Consumer activists who propose regulations either banning certain product placements or requiring their affirmative disclosure in motion picture closing credits generally assert that such regulations would not violate the First Amendment because product placements are commercial speech, which receive far less constitutional protection than core political speech. This essay reviews the evolution of the Supreme Court's commercial speech doctrine and

Paul Siegel

2004-01-01

407

Technical Analysis of Hydrogen Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this work was to assess issues of cost, and performance associated with the production and storage of hydrogen via following three feedstocks: sub-quality natural gas (SQNG), ammonia (NH), and water. Three technology areas were considered: (1) Hydrogen production utilizing SQNG resources, (2) Hydrogen storage in ammonia and amine-borane complexes for fuel cell applications, and (3) Hydrogen from

Ali T-Raissi

2005-01-01

408

Succinate production in Escherichia coli  

PubMed Central

Succinate has been recognized as an important platform chemical that can be produced from biomass. While a number of organisms are capable of succinate production naturally, this review focuses on the engineering of Escherichia coli for production of the four-carbon dicarboxylic acid. Important features of a succinate production system are to achieve optimal balance of reducing equivalents generated by consumption of the feedstock, while maximizing the amount of carbon that is channeled to the product. Aerobic and anaerobic production strains have been developed and applied to production from glucose as well as other abundant carbon sources. Metabolic engineering methods and strain evolution have been used and supplemented by the recent application of systems biology and in silico modeling tools to construct optimal production strains. The metabolic capacity of the production strain, as well as the requirement for efficient recovery of succinate and the reliability of the performance under scale-up are important in the overall process. The costs of the overall biorefinery compatible process will determine the economical commercialization of succinate and its impact in larger chemical markets. PMID:21932253

Thakker, Chandresh; Martínez, Irene; San, Ka-Yiu; Bennett, George N.

2012-01-01

409

2013 Domestic Uranium Production Report  

E-print Network

2013 Domestic Uranium Production Report May 2014 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U Administration | 2013 Domestic Uranium Production Report ii Contacts This report was prepared by the staff of the Renewables and Uranium Statistics Team, Office of Electricity, Renewables, and Uranium Statistics. Questions

410

Usual Intake of Soy products  

Cancer.gov

Usual Intake of Soy products Table A30. Soy products: Means, percentiles and standard errors of usual intake, 2007-2010 Age (Years) N1 oz equivalents3 Mean (SE)2 5% (SE) 10% (SE) 25% (SE) 50% (SE) 75% (SE) 90% (SE) 95% (SE) Males 1-3 774 0.0 (0.00) 0.0

411

Sublexical Effects in Word Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When speaking, how do we convert our thoughts into the sounds that come out of our mouths? Though seemingly effortless, the process of word production is realized by a complex system working over different levels of representation. By focusing on the sublexical factors, this work investigates the representations and dynamics of the word production

Knobel, Mark Daniel

2009-01-01

412

Elemental composition of seasoning products  

Microsoft Academic Search

The elemental composition of seasoning products, like spices garlic and onion, has been reviewed paying special attention to methods proposed in the literature to determine specific elements or as much as possible components of these products which are widespread used in food preservation or food flavouring and can contribute to the intake of both, essential and toxic elements. Sample treatment

A. Gonzálvez; S. Armenta; M. L. Cervera; M. de la Guardia

2008-01-01

413

Gravitational production of KK states  

E-print Network

Gravitational particle production in the context of braneworlds is considered from a phenomenological point of view. The production of KK modes for bulk fields is discussed and their abundances computed. The results have been applied to some specific fields such as gravitinos and axions, and their cosmologies have been outlined, exemplifying the constraints on the properties of the extra dimensional model in each case.

Cosimo Bambi; Federico R. Urban

2008-08-26

414

MSG cloud products Final Report  

E-print Network

NUSP-2 02 ­ 04 MSG cloud products Final Report R.A. Roebeling A.J. Feijt R. Dlhopolsky H) #12;3 MSG cloud products Final Report R.A. Roebeling A.J. Feijt R. Dlhopolsky H. Roozekrans Royal Generation (MSG) a new era of European geo-stationary meteorological satellites started in 2002. The Spinning

Stoffelen, Ad

415

Product development and organizational performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Product development is an important element of the marketing arsenal of any organization. Unfortunately many firms do not seem to realize it. Consequently, they develop strong arteries to innovation which rubs their performance really rough. This study, therefore, examined product development and corporate performance in the Nigerian brewing industry. Data were gathered from 32 officials drawn from marketing, R&D and

N. Gladson Nwokah; Elizabeth I. Ugoji; Joyce N. Ofoegbu

416

Succinate production in Escherichia coli.  

PubMed

Succinate has been recognized as an important platform chemical that can be produced from biomass. While a number of organisms are capable of succinate production naturally, this review focuses on the engineering of Escherichia coli for the production of four-carbon dicarboxylic acid. Important features of a succinate production system are to achieve an optimal balance of reducing equivalents generated by consumption of the feedstock, while maximizing the amount of carbon channeled into the product. Aerobic and anaerobic production strains have been developed and applied to production from glucose and other abundant carbon sources. Metabolic engineering methods and strain evolution have been used and supplemented by the recent application of systems biology and in silico modeling tools to construct optimal production strains. The metabolic capacity of the production strain, the requirement for efficient recovery of succinate, and the reliability of the performance under scaleup are important in the overall process. The costs of the overall biorefinery-compatible process will determine the economic commercialization of succinate and its impact in larger chemical markets. PMID:21932253

Thakker, Chandresh; Martínez, Irene; San, Ka-Yiu; Bennett, George N

2012-02-01

417

Amphiregulin Production by Human Eosinophils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Amphiregulin (AREG) plays critical roles in mammary gland development, immune responses against nematode infection, and mucous production in the lung. Since remarkable eosinophil infiltration has been shown at all of these tissue sites, we examined AREG production by human eosinophils in vitro. Methods: Using Ficoll and antibody-coated immunomagnetic beads, eosinophils and other blood cells were purified from peripheral blood

Kenji Matsumoto; Shuhei Fukuda; Yuri Nakamura; Hirohisa Saito

2009-01-01

418

Implementing Production Grids  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We have presented the essence of experience gained in building two production Grids, and provided some of the global context for this work. As the reader might imagine, there were a lot of false starts, refinements to the approaches and to the software, and several substantial integration projects (SRB and Condor integrated with Globus) to get where we are today. However, the point of this paper is to try and make it substantially easier for others to get to the point where Information Power Grids (IPG) and the DOE Science Grids are today. This is what is needed in order to move us toward the vision of a common cyber infrastructure for science. The author would also like to remind the readers that this paper primarily represents the actual experiences that resulted from specific architectural and software choices during the design and implementation of these two Grids. The choices made were dictated by the criteria laid out in section 1. There is a lot more Grid software available today that there was four years ago, and various of these packages are being integrated into IPG and the DOE Grids. However, the foundation choices of Globus, SRB, and Condor would not be significantly different today than they were four years ago. Nonetheless, if the GGF is successful in its work - and we have every reason to believe that it will be - then in a few years we will see that the 28 functions provided by these packages will be defined in terms of protocols and MIS, and there will be several robust implementations available for each of the basic components, especially the Grid Common Services. The impact of the emerging Web Grid Services work is not yet clear. It will likely have a substantial impact on building higher level services, however it is the opinion of the author that this will in no way obviate the need for the Grid Common Services. These are the foundation of Grids, and the focus of almost all of the operational and persistent infrastructure aspects of Grids.

Johnston, William E.; Ziobarth, John (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

419

LANL PDMLink Product Structure Implementation  

SciTech Connect

Over the past 2 and a half years LANL has done both functionality exploration as well as production implementations of PDMLink Product Structure to control the configuration of many of the LANL Design Agency Products. Based on this experience LANL has been recommending for over a year that future product structure implementation in PDMLink do not use the two digit suffix in the number field of enterprise parts (or WTParts). The suffix will be part of one of the attributes for Part Number. Per the TBP's the two digit suffix represents a change in form, fit, or function in a part or a change in the production agency or a number of other conditions. It also denotes backward compatibility with earlier suffixed parts (see TBP 402 section 3.1).

Scully, Christopher J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-08-29

420

Caviars and fish roe products.  

PubMed

Fish roe products are extremely valuable and currently enjoy expanding international and domestic markets. Caviars represent the best-known form of fish roe products; however, several other product forms are also consumed, including whole skeins and formulations with oils and cheese bases. Caviars are made from fish roe after the eggs have been graded, sorted, singled-out, salted or brined, and cured. Most caviar is marketed as a refrigerated or frozen food. Several types of caviar from different fish species are marketed as shelf-stable products. Market preferences for lower salt content have raised food safety concerns. Descriptions of and processing technologies for many delightful fish roe and caviar food products are presented here. PMID:12822675

Bledsoe, G E; Bledsoe, C D; Rasco, B

2003-01-01

421

Texas innovates production data retrieval  

SciTech Connect

The Railroad Commission of Texas now offers an Internet web-based system that provides access to Texas oil and gas production data in an interactive query format. With this system, both the public and state agency personnel can access and customize the available information. The ACTI (Advanced Computational Technology Initiative) data base contains well production information that is a crucial component for evaluating the feasibility of many exploration, acquisition, and operation decisions. The RRC has always provided public access to oil and gas production data and related well information, but access mechanisms were limited because the data resided in multiple storage formats, including paper, microforms, and mainframe data bases. For both internal and external users, the ACTI production query system eliminates time-consuming research with paper and film-based records and costly special programming requests. Internet-based access to RRC production data is increasing daily, and ACTI is the most popular information available on RRC`s web site.

Schieck, D.E.; Cisco, S.L. [Railroad Commission of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

1998-10-26

422

Reducing carbon dioxide to products  

DOEpatents

A method reducing carbon dioxide to one or more products may include steps (A) to (C). Step (A) may bubble said carbon dioxide into a solution of an electrolyte and a catalyst in a divided electrochemical cell. The divided electrochemical cell may include an anode in a first cell compartment and a cathode in a second cell compartment. The cathode may reduce said carbon dioxide into said products. Step (B) may adjust one or more of (a) a cathode material, (b) a surface morphology of said cathode, (c) said electrolyte, (d) a manner in which said carbon dioxide is bubbled, (e), a pH level of said solution, and (f) an electrical potential of said divided electrochemical cell, to vary at least one of (i) which of said products is produced and (ii) a faradaic yield of said products. Step (C) may separate said products from said solution.

Cole, Emily Barton; Sivasankar, Narayanappa; Parajuli, Rishi; Keets, Kate A

2014-09-30

423

Fumaric acid production by fermentation  

PubMed Central

The potential of fumaric acid as a raw material in the polymer industry and the increment of cost of petroleum-based fumaric acid raises interest in fermentation processes for production of this compound from renewable resources. Although the chemical process yields 112% w/w fumaric acid from maleic anhydride and the fermentation process yields only 85% w/w from glucose, the latter raw material is three times cheaper. Besides, the fermentation fixes CO2. Production of fumaric acid by Rhizopus species and the involved metabolic pathways are reviewed. Submerged fermentation systems coupled with product recovery techniques seem to have achieved economically attractive yields and productivities. Future prospects for improvement of fumaric acid production include metabolic engineering approaches to achieve low pH fermentations. PMID:18214471

Roa Engel, Carol A.; Zijlmans, Tiemen W.; van Gulik, Walter M.; van der Wielen, Luuk A. M.

2008-01-01

424

Virtual data in CMS production  

SciTech Connect

Initial applications of the GriPhyN Chimera Virtual Data System have been performed within the context of CMS Production of Monte Carlo Simulated Data. The GriPhyN Chimera system consists of four primary components: (1) a Virtual Data Language, which is used to describe virtual data products, (2) a Virtual Data Catalog, which is used to store virtual data entries, (3) an Abstract Planner, which resolves all dependencies of a particular virtual data product and forms a location and existence independent plan, (4) a Concrete Planner, which maps an abstract, logical plan onto concrete, physical grid resources accounting for staging in/out files and publishing results to a replica location service. A CMS Workflow Planner, MCRunJob, is used to generate virtual data products using the Virtual Data Language. Subsequently, a prototype workflow manager, known as WorkRunner, is used to schedule the instantiation of virtual data products across a grid.

Arbree, A. et al.

2004-08-26

425

Microbial production of lactic acid.  

PubMed

Lactic acid is an important commodity chemical having a wide range of applications. Microbial production effectively competes with chemical synthesis methods because biochemical synthesis permits the generation of either one of the two enantiomers with high optical purity at high yield and titer, a result which is particularly beneficial for the production of poly(lactic acid) polymers having specific properties. The commercial viability of microbial lactic acid production relies on utilization of inexpensive carbon substrates derived from agricultural or waste resources. Therefore, optimal lactic acid formation requires an understanding and engineering of both the competing pathways involved in carbohydrate metabolism, as well as pathways leading to potential by-products which both affect product yield. Recent research leverages those biochemical pathways, while researchers also continue to seek strains with improved tolerance and ability to perform under desirable industrial conditions, for example, of pH and temperature. PMID:25604523

Eiteman, Mark A; Ramalingam, Subramanian

2015-05-01

426

Utilization of Biodiesel By-Products for Biogas Production  

PubMed Central

This contribution reviews the possibility of using the by-products from biodiesel production as substrates for anaerobic digestion and production of biogas. The process of biodiesel production is predominantly carried out by catalyzed transesterification. Besides desired methylesters, this reaction provides also few other products, including crude glycerol, oil-pressed cakes, and washing water. Crude glycerol or g-phase is heavier separate liquid phase, composed mainly by glycerol. A couple of studies have demonstrated the possibility of biogas production, using g-phase as a single substrate, and it has also shown a great potential as a cosubstrate by anaerobic treatment of different types of organic waste or energy crops. Oil cakes or oil meals are solid residues obtained after oil extraction from the seeds. Another possible by-product is the washing water from raw biodiesel purification, which is an oily and soapy liquid. All of these materials have been suggested as feasible substrates for anaerobic degradation, although some issues and inhibitory factors have to be considered. PMID:21403868

Kolesárová, Nina; Hut?an, Miroslav; Bodík, Igor; Špalková, Viera

2011-01-01

427

[Production of acrylamide in agricultural products by cooking].  

PubMed

Some model studies were performed using various agricultural Products, to clarify the relation between cooking conditions and production of acrylamide (AA). Disc chips made from dried mashed potato, corn meal, wheat flour, rice flour (jyohshin-ko) and glutinous rice flour (shiratama-ko), and dried sesame (arai-goma) and dried almond were baked at 120-200 degrees C for 5-20 min, and the samples were analyzed for the levels of AA. When the samples were baked for 10 min, the highest production of AA was observed at 180-200 degrees C. When the samples were baked at 180 degrees C, AA levels in agricultural products except sesame were highest after baking for 10 min. Vegetables and fruit were baked at 220 degrees C for 5 min with a oven, high AA concentrations were found in baked potato, asparagus, pumpkin, eggplant and green gram sprouts. Concentrations of AA in potato, asparagus and green gram sprouts baked after being pre-cooked by microwave irradiation were higher than those in the products baked without being precooked. On the other hand, the precooking by boiling reduced the production of AA by baking to 1/10-1/4. Acrylamide was not found in microwaved or boiled vegetables. High free asparagine concentrations in crops tended to result in high concentrations of AA being produced by heating the agricultural products. PMID:15168561

Takatsuki, Satoshi; Nemoto, Satoru; Sasaki, Kumiko; Maitani, Tamio

2004-02-01

428

PRODUCTION OF CARBON PRODUCTS USING A COAL EXTRACTION PROCESS  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this DOE-funded effort is to develop technologies for carbon products from coal-derived feedstocks. Carbon products can include precursor materials such as solvent extracted carbon ore (SECO) and synthetic pitch (Synpitch). In addition, derived products include carbon composites, fibers, foams and others. Key milestones included producing hydrogenated coal in the Hydrotreating Facility for the first time. The facility is now operational, although digital controls have not yet been completely wired. In addition, ultrasound is being used to investigate enhanced dissolution of coal. Experiments have been carried out.

Dady Dadyburjor; Chong Chen; Elliot B. Kennel; Liviu Magean; Peter G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo

2006-02-23

429

The SPOOKI post production system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Canadian Meteorological Centre (CMC) delivers a large number of numerical weather prediction products to the various weather offices and clients throughout Canada and abroad. The current post production system was built according to the needs and ideology of the 1980's and it is becoming obsolete with time. Its cumbersome architecture is difficult to maintain and requires a lot of human and computing resources. The "Weather Elements" section of CMC is aware of the problems associated with its maintenance in the long term and has therefore decided to review in depth the whole approach to the operational post production. The analysis of present and future needs have led to the development of an innovative concept in the operational production field inspired by the "Plug and Play" process. SPOOKI (Système de Production Orienté-Objet contennant une Kyrielle d'Informations - Object oriented production system containing a myriad of information) was created in its present form in 2007. It is based on a modular approach where each plug-in component is specialized, reusable and autonomous. These object oriented programming characteristics greatly simplify the maintenance of the system. Particular attention was also given to create a user-friendly system for novice users. An experimental version of SPOOKI is currently running in development mode and an operational one is planned to be implemented in the coming year. The poster presentation will describe SPOOKI, the future CMC operational post production system. Several examples of usage will be shown.

Beauchemin, M.; Klasa, M.; Fortier, S.; Fortin, F.; Hardy, G.; Pelletier, L.; Edouard, S.; Archambault, B.; Yazidi, H.

2010-09-01

430

World uranium production in 1994  

SciTech Connect

This article reviews and summarizes world uranium supply and demand for 1994. This is addressed first on a global basis and then on a major supplier/major user basis. World uranium production declined by about 4.9% in 1994 to 31,892 tonnes U (82.9 million lbs U308) from 32,776 tonnes U (85.2 million lbs U308) in 1993. Production is expected to decline further in 1995 to about 31,600 tonnes U (82.2 million lbs U308). Western World production, however, increased slightly from 22,005 tonnes U (57.2 million lbs U308) in 1993 to 22,308 tonnes U (58.0 million lbs U308) in 1994. This 1.4% increase reverses the consecutive declines in production of the last several years. A further increase in Western World uranium production in 1995 to about 23,300 tonnes U (60.6 million lbs U308) is anticipated. By contrast uranium production in Eastern Europe, China, and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) declined sharply by about 18.7% in 1994-from 10,761 tonnes U (28.0 million lbs U308) in 1993. About 9,584 tonnes U (24.9 million lbs U308) were produced in 1994. Production is likely to fall further in 1995, to around the 8,200 tonnes U (21.3 million lbs U308) level.

NONE

1995-05-01

431

Iron nutrition, biomass production, and plant product quality.  

PubMed

One of the grand challenges in modern agriculture is increasing biomass production, while improving plant product quality, in a sustainable way. Of the minerals, iron (Fe) plays a major role in this process because it is essential both for plant productivity and for the quality of their products. Fe homeostasis is an important determinant of photosynthetic efficiency in algae and higher plants, and we review here the impact of Fe limitation or excess on the structure and function of the photosynthetic apparatus. We also discuss the agronomic, plant breeding, and transgenic approaches that are used to remediate Fe deficiency of plants on calcareous soils, and suggest ways to increase the Fe content and bioavailability of the edible parts of crops to improve human diet. PMID:25153038

Briat, Jean-François; Dubos, Christian; Gaymard, Frédéric

2015-01-01

432

Estimating Production Functions When Productivity Change Is Endogenous  

E-print Network

08) Machinery, (14) Wood and furniture, (22) Textiles, (26)08) Machinery, (14) Wood and furniture, (22) Textiles, (26)Machinery, equipment and in- stallations; (14) Wood sawing, wood products and furniture; (22) Textiles; (

Muendler, Marc-Andreas

2004-01-01

433

EPA's designated products in eight categories: Construction Products  

E-print Network

folders, clip portfolios, and presentation folders Office furniture Office recycling containers Office tires Miscellaneous Products Awards and plaques Bike racks Blasting grit Industrial drums Manual" program and Comprehensive Procurement Guideline (CPG), designates items that MUST contain recycled

434

MODIS Ocean Primary Productivity: Data Products and Services  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ocean primary production (OPP) is defined as the rate of inorganic carbon uptake into the ocean biosphere, minus respiration. Biological processes can remove carbon from the ocean reservoir, providing an important potential sink for atmospheric carbon. This carbon flux into the ocean biosphere constitutes the base of the pelagic marine food web, directly affecting fishery productivity. Weekly indices of ocean primary production are being generated at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) using semi-analytic and statistical models and remote sensing from the MODIS instrument. The Behrenfeld and Falkowski model is used to provide an estimate of OPP over the full euphotic zone and the Howard, Yoder and Ryan model is used to estimate production in the upper mixed layer. These global data products are produced at resolutions of 4.6 km, 36 km, and 1 degree, and are available to the public through the GSFC Distributive Active Archive Center (GDAAC). Means for weekly periods, basic statistics, and input parameters are available as mapped images and binned files. In addition, limited access and visualization capability of these products are available at the OPP Science Computing Facility (OPP/SCF) website at http://opp.gsfc.nasa.gov. Annual estimates of OPP generated by empirical algorithms will be available after the first year of data is processed. Research products providing similar information generated with SeaWiFS data will also be made available in the near future. The availability of these various products will open new opportunities to deepen our understanding the biological health of our oceans and the role of the ocean biosphere in the carbon cycle.

Turpie, K. R.; Esaias, W. E.

2001-05-01

435

Coal combustion products 2007 production and use report  

SciTech Connect

The American Coal Ash Association's 2007 Annual Coal Combustion Products (CCP) are derived from data from more than 170 power plants. The amount of CCPs used was 40.55%, a decrease of 2.88% from 2006, attributed to reduced fuel burn and a decrease in demand in the building industry. Figures are given for the production of fly ash, flue gas desulfurization gypsum, bottom ash, FBC ash and boiler slag. The article summarises results of the survey. 1 ref., 1 tab.

NONE

2009-07-01

436

Propellant production on Mars - Single cell oxygen production test bed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study focusing on oxygen production using resources indigenous to Mars is presented. A bank of solid zirconia electrolytic cells that will electrochemically separate oxygen from a high temperature stream of carbon dioxide is at the center of the oxygen production system. The experimental data are discussed with attention given to the cell operating temperature, the carbon dioxide flow rate, and the voltage applied across the cell.

Colvin, James; Schallhorn, Paul; Ramohalli, Kumar

1991-01-01

437

Olive oil history, production and by-product management  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this review paper, the history of the olive tree and the development of the main olive oil extraction systems employed\\u000a in the past are presented. Furthermore, the management techniques employed from antiquity until today for the treatment of\\u000a olive mill wastewater (OMW), which constitutes the most important by-product of olive oil production, are addressed and compared.\\u000a Reference is also

Iosif Emmanouil Kapellakis; Konstantinos P. Tsagarakis; John C. Crowther

2008-01-01

438

Turning Experience Products into Search Products: Making User Feedback Count  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online shopping sites are faced with a significant problem: When offering experience products, i.e., products that lack a helpful description in terms of easily accessible factual properties (e.g., wine, cigars, and movies), a lot of work and time needs to be invested to provide such information. Two very popular approaches are the introduction of sophisticated categorization systems (e.g., fruity, woody,

Joachim Selke; Wolf-Tilo Balke

2011-01-01

439

Blood product transfusions and reactions.  

PubMed

Blood product transfusions are an essential component of the practice of emergency medicine. From acute traumatic hemorrhage to chronic blood loss necessitating transfusion for symptomatic anemia, familiarity with individual blood products and their indications for transfusion is an essential tool for every emergency physician (EP). Although the focus of this article is primarily on the transfusion of red blood cells, many of the concepts are applicable to the transfusion of all blood products. EPs must be fully familiar with both the individual blood components and the potential reactions and complications of these transfusions. PMID:25060259

Osterman, Jessica L; Arora, Sanjay

2014-08-01

440

HIV inactivation in plasma products.  

PubMed

This is a review of therapeutic plasma products viz., coagulation factor concentrates, immunoglobulins, volume expanders, and protease inhibitors, and the progress made in rendering them free from transmitting infectious virus. Problems associated with the development of plasma products and the risks associated with their use are addressed. The recent technical advances designed to inactivate the hepatitis virus which led to the inactivation of HIV while preserving most of the biologic activity are reviewed. Today manufactured plasma products are essentially free from transmitting viral diseases of any significant clinical consequences. PMID:8226706

Mozen, M M

1993-01-01

441

Technology innovation in aluminum products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 2001, the aluminum industry continues to benefit from technical innovations made in alloy development, product-manufacturing technologies, and processing equipment over the last century. This paper examines the top ten alloy, product, and process developments that have shaped the industry’s production methods and markets. The interrelationships among the alloy development, process innovations, and markets are highlighted. Omitted are details about patent literature or the inception of many technologies; the major criterion for placement on the list was impact on the total industry.

Sanders, Robert E.

2001-02-01

442

Methane production from ethanol co-products in anaerobic SBRs.  

PubMed

Methane production from condensed distillers' solubles (CDS, or syrup), a co-product of ethanol production, was studied in 2-l anaerobic sequencing batch reactors (ASBRs) under 10 different operating conditions. Methane production and COD removal were quantified under steady state conditions for a wide range of operating parameters. COD removals of 62-96% were achieved at OLRs ranging from 1.5-22.2 g COD l(-1) d(-1), SRTs from 8-40 d, and F/M ranging from 0.37-1.95 g COD g(-1) VSS d(-1). The methane content of the biogas varied from 57-71% with 0.27 l CH(4) produced per g of COD removed. Approximately 54% of the COD fed to the ASBRs, and 83% of the COD removed in the ASBRs was converted to methane. Microbial yield (Y) and decay (b) constants were determined to be approximately Y = 0.127 g VSS g(-1) COD removed and b = 0.031 d(-1), respectively. Methane recovery from ethanol co-products can reduce the cost and the fossil fuel consumption of ethanol production. PMID:18776613

Cassidy, D P; Hirl, P J; Belia, E

2008-01-01

443

Production and Distribution of NASA MODIS Remote Sensing Products  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The two Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments on-board NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) Terra and Aqua satellites make key measurements for understanding the Earth's terrestrial ecosystems. Global time-series of terrestrial geophysical parameters have been produced from MODIS/Terra for over 7 years and for MODIS/Aqua for more than 4 1/2 years. These well calibrated instruments, a team of scientists and a large data production, archive and distribution systems have allowed for the development of a new suite of high quality product variables at spatial resolutions as fine as 250m in support of global change research and natural resource applications. This talk describes the MODIS Science team's products, with a focus on the terrestrial (land) products, the data processing approach and the process for monitoring and improving the product quality. The original MODIS science team was formed in 1989. The team's primary role is the development and implementation of the geophysical algorithms. In addition, the team provided feedback on the design and pre-launch testing of the instrument and helped guide the development of the data processing system. The key challenges the science team dealt with before launch were the development of algorithms for a new instrument and provide guidance of the large and complex multi-discipline processing system. Land, Ocean and Atmosphere discipline teams drove the processing system requirements, particularly in the area of the processing loads and volumes needed to daily produce geophysical maps of the Earth at resolutions as fine as 250 m. The processing system had to handle a large number of data products, large data volumes and processing loads, and complex processing requirements. Prior to MODIS, daily global maps from heritage instruments, such as Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), were not produced at resolutions finer than 5 km. The processing solution evolved into a combination of processing the lower level (Level 1) products and the higher level discipline specific Land and Atmosphere products in the MODIS Science Investigator Lead Processing System (SIPS), the MODIS Adaptive Processing System (MODAPS), and archive and distribution of the Land products to the user community by two of NASA s EOS Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs). Recently, a part of MODAPS, the Level 1 and Atmosphere Archive and Distribution System (LAADS), took over the role of archiving and distributing the Level 1 and Atmosphere products to the user community.

Wolfe, Robert

2007-01-01

444

Production of virus resistant plants  

DOEpatents

A method of suppressing virus gene expression in plants using untranslatable plus sense RNA is disclosed. The method is useful for the production of plants that are resistant to virus infection. 9 figs.

Dougherty, W.G.; Lindbo, J.A.

1996-12-10

445

Riboflavin production by Ashbya gossypii.  

PubMed

Riboflavin is an important nutrient for humans and animals. Industrial production has shifted completely from chemical synthesis to microbial fermentation. First generation riboflavin production was improved by a combination of traditional mutagenesis and genetic engineering, and isolated strains have been used in industry. As the DNA genome of riboflavin producers has the potential to reveal new technologies, DNA microarray, proteomic and metabolic analyses have been applied to the analysis of hyper-riboflavin producers. In this review, disparity mutagenesis technology is introduced as a means of improving riboflavin production by Ashbya gossypii. DNA microarray, proteomic and metabolic analyses of this high riboflavin producer are discussed, as well as recent riboflavin production trends, costs and future improvements. PMID:22187081

Kato, Tatsuya; Park, Enoch Y

2012-04-01

446

User cost in oil production  

E-print Network

The assumption of an initial fixed mineral stock is superfluous and wrong. User cost (resource rent) in mineral production is the present value of expected increases in development cost. It can be measured as the difference ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1990-01-01

447

Business Development - Predictive Maintenance Products  

E-print Network

BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT - PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE PRODUCTS Phillip Sceiczina, ifm efector, inc. In this time of global competitiveness, more companies are focusing on reducing manufacturing costs to increase profits. Energy costs can be a...

Sceiczina, P.

2005-01-01

448

Egg Products and Food Safety  

MedlinePLUS

... pasteurized, institutional foodservice operators, such as fast food chains, restaurants, hospitals, and nursing homes, use egg products ... the eggs or affect their color, flavor, nutritional value, or use. Dried egg whites are pasteurized by ...

449

Analysis of biomass production systems  

SciTech Connect

Methodology is presented to analyze biomass production systems using a modeling and simulation approach. To illustrate the concepts, example studies are presented for sugarcane, water hyacinth, and napier grass. Economics and energetic analysis are described using methane as the output.

Mishoe, J.W.; Fluck, R.C.; Jones, J.W.; Lorber, M.N.; Peart, R.M.

1983-06-01

450

Astatine-211: Production and Availability  

PubMed Central

The 7.2-h half life radiohalogen 211At offers many potential advantages for targeted ?-particle therapy; however, its use for this purpose is constrained by its limited availability. Astatine-211 can be produced in reasonable yield from natural bismuth targets via the 209Bi( ?,2n)211At nuclear reaction utilizing straightforward methods. There is some debate as to the best incident ?-particle energy for maximizing 211At production while minimizing production of 210At, which is problematic because of its 138.4-day half life ?-particle emitting daughter, 210Po. The intrinsic cost for producing 211At is reasonably modest and comparable to that of commercially available 123I. The major impediment to 211At availability is attributed to the need for a medium energy ?-particle beam for its production. On the other hand, there are about 30 cyclotrons in the world that have the beam characteristics required for 211At production. PMID:22201707

Zalutsky, Michael R.; Pruszynski, Marek

2012-01-01

451

Strict Products Liability for Misrepresentation  

E-print Network

The American Law Institute is nearing completion of a new Restatement (Third) of Torts: Products Liability. A proposed final draft was published on April 1, 1997, and awaits final approval. While most sections in this restatement address...

Westerbeke, William E.

1997-01-01

452

Efficient Production of Rydberg Positronium  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate experimentally the production of Rydberg positronium (Ps) atoms in a two-step process, comprising incoherent laser excitation, first to the 2P3 state and then to states with principal quantum numbers ranging from 10 to 25. We find that excitation of 2P3 atoms to Rydberg levels occurs very efficiently (˜90%) and that the ˜25% overall efficiency of the production of Rydberg atoms is determined almost entirely by the spectral overlap of the primary excitation laser and the Doppler broadened width of the 1S3-2P3 transition. The observed efficiency of Rydberg Ps production can be explained if stimulated emission back to the 2P states is suppressed, for example, by intermixing of the Rydberg state Stark sublevels. The efficient production of long-lived Rydberg Ps in a high magnetic field may make it possible to perform direct measurements of the gravitational free fall of Ps.

Cassidy, D. B.; Hisakado, T. H.; Tom, H. W. K.; Mills, A. P., Jr.

2012-01-01

453

Forage Production in Pecan Orchards.  

E-print Network

patterns, light reduction under trees and sub- in PEW ORCHARDS sequent grass production and survival were evaluated. 1 Ethan C. Holt* 'Profecsor, The Texas ~~iicultural Experiment Station (Soil and Crop Sciences Department). Mention of a trademark...

Holt, Ethan C.

1973-01-01

454

Lightning Arrestor Connectors Production Readiness  

SciTech Connect

The Lightning Arrestor Connector (LAC), part “M”, presented opportunities to improve the processes used to fabricate LACs. The A## LACs were the first production LACs produced at the KCP, after the product was transferred from Pinnellas. The new LAC relied on the lessons learned from the A## LACs; however, additional improvements were needed to meet the required budget, yield, and schedule requirements. Improvement projects completed since 2001 include Hermetic Connector Sealing Improvement, Contact Assembly molding Improvement, development of a second vendor for LAC shells, general process improvement, tooling improvement, reduction of the LAC production cycle time, and documention of the LAC granule fabrication process. This report summarizes the accomplishments achieved in improving the LAC Production Readiness.

Marten, Steve; Linder, Kim; Emmons, Jim; Gomez, Antonio; Hasam, Dawud; Maurer, Michelle

2008-10-20

455

Metrological aspects of enzyme production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Enzymes are frequently used in biotechnology to carry out specific biological reactions, either in industrial processes or for the production of bioproducts and drugs. Microbial lipases are an important group of biotechnologically valuable enzymes that present widely diversified applications. Lipase production by microorganisms is described in several published papers; however, none of them refer to metrological evaluation and the estimation of the uncertainty in measurement. Moreover, few of them refer to process optimization through experimental design. The objectives of this work were to enhance lipase production in shaken-flasks with Yarrowia lipolytica cells employing experimental design and to evaluate the uncertainty in measurement of lipase activity. The highest lipolytic activity obtained was about three- and fivefold higher than the reported activities of CRMs BCR-693 and BCR-694, respectively. Lipase production by Y. lipolytica cells aiming the classification as certified reference material is recommended after further purification and stability studies.

Kerber, T. M.; Dellamora-Ortiz, G. M.; Pereira-Meirelles, F. V.

2010-05-01

456

ConcepTest: Groundwater Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The cross section below simplifies the groundwater resources in a county in a Midwest state. Which location would have the potential for the best groundwater production? A. Sand and gravel on hilltop B. Shale ...

457

CSR Gravity Field Data Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The joint NASA/DLR GRACE mission has successfully operated for nearly 12 years, and has provided a remarkable record of global mass flux due to a large variety of geophysical and climate processes at various spatio-temporal scales. The University of Texas Center for Space Research (CSR) hosts the mission PI, and is responsible for delivery of operational (presently denoted as Release-05 or RL05) gravity field data products. In addition, CSR generates and distributes a variety of other gravity field data products, including products generated from the use of satellite laser ranging data. This poster will provide an overview of all these data products, their relative quality, potential applications, and future plans for their development and delivery.

Bettadpur, Srinivas

2014-05-01

458

Natural Products as Aromatase Inhibitors  

PubMed Central

With the clinical success of several synthetic aromatase inhibitors (AIs) in the treatment of postmenopausal estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer, researchers have also been investigating also the potential of natural products as AIs. Natural products from terrestrial and marine organisms provide a chemically diverse array of compounds not always available through current synthetic chemistry techniques. Natural products that have been used traditionally for nutritional or medicinal purposes (e.g., botanical dietary supplements) may also afford AIs with reduced side effects. A thorough review of the literature regarding natural product extracts and secondary metabolites of plant, microbial, and marine origin that have been shown to exhibit aromatase inhibitory activity is presented herein. PMID:18690828

Balunas, Marcy J.; Su, Bin; Brueggemeier, Robert W.; Kinghorn, A. Douglas

2010-01-01

459

Drugs and other product choices.  

PubMed

Dermatologists have at their disposal a wide range of products to recommend or prescribe to their patients, all of which are regulated in some way by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, the degree to which FDA has confirmed the safety and efficacy of a dermatological product can vary widely. Most prescription and some over-the-counter drugs and medical devices are approved by the FDA based on scientific data. Most over-the-counter drugs are marketed in compliance with FDA regulations based on expert medical review. The FDA clears most medical devices based on their substantial equivalence to other legally marketed devices. Cosmetics, medical foods, and dietary supplements are subject only to general postmarket prohibitions against adulterated and misbranded products, although the FDA may review ingredient safety and specific claims for dietary supplements. Some product information is available on FDA's Web site, but the prudent physician should supplement that information by reviewing available scientific literature. PMID:19453345

Hyman, Paul M; Carvajal, Ricardo

2009-01-01

460

Nuclear dependence of charm production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using data taken by SELEX during the 1996-1997 fixed target run at Fermilab, we study the production of charmed hadrons on copper and carbon targets with ? -, p, ? -, and ? + beams. Parametrizing the dependence of the inclusive production cross section on the atomic number A as A ? , we determine ? for D +, D 0, D {/s +}, D +(2010), ? {/c +}, and their respective anti-particles, as a function of their transverse momentum p t and scaled longitudinal momentum x F . Within our statistics there is no dependence of ? on x F for any charm species for the interval 0.1< x F <1.0. The average value of ? for charm production by pion beams is ? meson=0.850±0.028. This is somewhat larger than the corresponding average ? baryon=0.755±0.016 for charm production by baryon beams ( ? -, p).

Blanco-Covarrubias, A.; Engelfried, J.; Akgun, U.; Alkhazov, G.; Amaro-Reyes, J.; Atamantchouk, A. G.; Ayan, A. S.; Balatz, M. Y.; Bondar, N. F.; Cooper, P. S.; Dauwe, L. J.; Davidenko, G. V.; Dersch, U.; Dolgolenko, A. G.; Dzyubenko, G. B.; Edelstein, R.; Emediato, L.; Endler, A. M. F.; Eschrich, I.; Escobar, C. O.; Estrada, N.; Evdokimov, A. V.; Filimonov, I. S.; Flores-Castillo, A.; Garcia, F. G.; Golovtsov, V. L.; Gouffon, P.; Gülmez, E.; Iori, M.; Jun, S. Y.; Kaya, M.; Kilmer, J.; Kim, V. T.; Kochenda, L. M.; Konorov, I.; Kozhevnikov, A. P.; Krivshich, A. G.; Krüger, H.; Kubantsev, M. A.; Kubarovsky, V. P.; Kulyavtsev, A. I.; Kuropatkin, N. P.; Kurshetsov, V. F.; Kushnirenko, A.; Lach, J.; Landsberg, L. G.; Larin, I.; Leikin, E. M.; López-Hinojosa, G.; Lungov, T.; Maleev, V. P.; Mao, D.; Mathew, P.; Mattson, M.; Matveev, V.; McCliment, E.; Moinester, M. A.; Molchanov, V. V.; Morelos, A.; Nemitkin, A. V.; Neoustroev, P. V.; Newsom, C.; Nilov, A. P.; Nurushev, S. B.; Ocherashvili, A.; Onel, Y.; Ozkorucuklu, S.; Penzo, A.; Petrenko, S. V.; Procario, M.; Prutskoi, V. A.; Razmyslovich, B. V.; Rud, V. I.; Russ, J.; Sánchez-López, J. L.; Simon, J.; Sitnikov, A. I.; Smith, V. J.; Srivastava, M.; Steiner, V.; Stepanov, V.; Stutte, L.; Svoiski, M.; Terentyev, N. K.; Torres, I.; Uvarov, L. N.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Vavilov, D. V.; Vázquez-Jáuregui, E.; Verebryusov, V. S.; Victorov, V. A.; Vishnyakov, V. E.; Vorobyov, A. A.; Vorwalter, K.; You, J.; Zukanovich-Funchal, R.

2009-12-01

461

EPA CLEAN PRODUCTS RESEARCH PROGRAM  

EPA Science Inventory

The recent emphasis on developing information on achieving pollution prevention has resulted in increased research activity by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) in the area of clean product development. urrently the EPA's Pollution Prevention Research Branch (PPRB) has si...

462

Consumer Products Treated with Pesticides  

MedlinePLUS

... article (e.g., incorporation of a pesticide in paint). These treated products often make implied or explicit ... protect the article or substance itself (for example, paint treated with a pesticide to protect the paint ...

463

Technology Roadmap for Productive Nanosystems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Technology Roadmap for Productive Nanosystems charts a path beginning with current nanotechnology capabilities to advanced systems. The Roadmap is a first attempt to lay out a step-by-step course of development that must take place to move from one stage to another, with milestones for achieving each step. This report identifies the gap between the basic nanostructured materials of today, and the potential of productive nanosystems.

464

Ethanol production by extractive fermentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ideal method to produce a terminal metabolite inhibitor of cell growth and production is to remove and recover it from the fermenting broth as it is formed. Extractive fermentation is achieved in the case of ethanol production by coupling both fermentation and liquid-liquid extraction. The solvent of extraction is 1-dodecanol (or a mixture 1-dodecanol, 1-tetradecanol); study of the inhibitory

M. Minier; G. Goma

1982-01-01

465

Top 10 Products of 2011  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2011, American School & University (AS&U) showcased some of the hottest products in the industry. This article presents the top ten most requested products as determined by readers. The top one on the list is the Bulb crusher which can cut recycling costs by 50%, can hold 1,350 4-foot lamps in a single 55-gallon drum, can crush a 4-foot lamp in…

American School & University, 2011

2011-01-01

466

Single Top production at LHC  

E-print Network

The Production of single top quarks at LHC provides an ideal framework to investigate the properties of electroweak interaction, in particular of the {\\it tWb} coupling. Moreover, single top is a powerful mean to identify physics beyond the standard model. All three different production mechanisms of single top are expected to be observed at LHC. Recent studies from ATLAS and CMS are presented.

M. Mohammadi Najafabadi

2006-05-15

467

Heavy quark production and spectroscopy  

SciTech Connect

This review covers many new experimental results on heavy flavor production and spectroscopy. It also shows some of the increasingly improved theoretical understanding of results in light of basic perturbative QCD and heavy quark symmetry. At the same time, there are some remaining discrepancies among experiments as well as significant missing information on some of the anticipated lowest lying heavy quark states. Most interesting, perhaps, are some clearly measured production effects awaiting full explanation.

Appel, J.A.

1993-11-01

468

Kaon Production Off the Nucleon  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the weak kaon production off the nucleon induced by neutrinos at the low and intermediate energies. The studied mechanisms are the main source of kaon production for neutrino energies up to 1.2 to 1.5 GeV for the various channels and the cross sections are large enough to be amenable to be measured by experiments such as MINERvA and T2K.

Alam, M. Rafi; Athar, M. Sajjad [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202 002 (India); Simo, I. Ruiz; Vacas, M. J. Vicente [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

2011-10-06

469

Reduction in Unit Steam Production  

E-print Network

REDUCTION IN UNIT STEAM PRODUCTION Ron Gombos Arch Chemicals ABSTRACT In 2001 the company?s Arch-Brandenburg facility faced increased steam costs due to high natural gas prices and decreased production due to shutdown of a process... the challenge: 1) metering was improved; 2) consulants were used to help; 3) a list of projects with significant energy reduction potential impact was developed; 4) projects were prioritized according to potential impacts and cost/benefit analysis; and, 5...

Gombos, R.

2004-01-01

470

The cascade high productivity language  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the design of Chapel, the Cascade High Productivity Language, which is being developed in the DARPA-funded HPCS project Cascade led by Cray Inc. Chapel pushes the state-of-the-art in languages for HEC system programming by focusing on productivity, in particular by combining the goal of highest possible object code performance with that of programmability offered by a high-level user interface.

Callahan, David; Chamberlain, Branford L.; Zima, Hans P.

2004-01-01

471

Primary productivity in the sea  

SciTech Connect

Recent progress in primary productivity is discussed in the book based on 27 symposia texts and 19 poster abstracts. Most papers deal with particular cellular processes in pelagic phytoplankton and their relationship to whole plant photosynthesis and growth. In addition, presentations on the productivity of the seaweed, Laminaria, zooxanthellae and whole corals are included. Other articles discuss predictive modeling, new developments in remote sensing, nutrient regeneration within the sea, grazing effects, and carbon cycling. (JMT)

Falkowski, P.G.

1980-01-01

472

Methane production in Minnesota peatlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rates of methane production in Minnesota peats were studied. Surface (10- to 25-cm) peats produced an average of 228 nmol of CHâ per g (dry weight) per h at 25°C and ambient pH. Methanogenesis rates generally decreased with depth in ombrotrophic peats, but on occasion were observed to rise within deeper layers of certain fen peats. Methane production was temperature

R. T. Williams; R. L. Crawford

1984-01-01

473

Primary production of arctic waters  

SciTech Connect

Using data that have become available during the last ten years they have reestimated the annual production by phytoplankton in the arctic marine ecosystem. The new figure is some sixteen times higher than an estimate made in 1975. This is of considerable significance regionally, but still does not, of itself, imply that global phytoplankton production is underestimated at present. 82 references, 3 figures, 9 tables.

Rao, D.V.S.; Platt, T.

1984-01-01

474

Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the Washington State University Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center, this website offers various resources for orchardists interested in organic and integrated production methods. The site contains sections on Organic Fruit Production, Soil and Pest Management, Apple Replant Disease, and more. The site also offers links to other Washington State University sites for Horticulture, Entomology, Fruit Pathology, and Postharvest resources. Many of the documents on this site are available for download as PDF files.

475

Mockups and human productivity studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Idea outlines are presented concerning mockup candidates, mockup utilization and schedules/sequence in mockup development. Mockup candidates which aid in human productivity investigations and assessment are given. Areas which are considered in the mockups are the safe haven zone, general purpose workstations, maintenance and servicing area, sleep quaters, multiple docking adapter, airlock, hygiene station, food station, habitation zones, group gathering area and lab areas. Some aesthetic concerns in human productivity are also given.

Fisher, T.

1985-01-01

476

California Forest Products Commission Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Visitors to this site can find a variety of materials on forestry and forest products in California. Teachers can access information on forest tours, a touring exhibit, posters, activities, and links to other forestry education programs and related sites. For students, there is career information, interactive games, and a photo and video gallery. General interest materials include a history and overview of California forests, forest management, protecting water quality, renewability and recycling of wood products, and tree planting.

2004-12-14

477

Product accumulation for ultrasensitive femtochemistry.  

PubMed

We present a novel experimental method for studying photochemical reactions that involve permanent products. The accumulation of photoproducts facilitates the measurement of extremely small product yields. A calibration of the setup accounts for diffusion effects, and the experimental results can be expressed in terms of single-pulse photochemical efficiencies. A demonstration experiment on indocyanine green (ICG) is presented. The general method is suited both for femtosecond spectroscopy and quantum control experiments. PMID:18026303

Langhojer, Florian; Dimler, Frank; Jung, Gregor; Brixner, Tobias

2007-11-15

478

Sustainable biomass production for energy in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to estimate the land availability for biomass production, identify and evaluate the biomass production options by yieldha?1 and financial viability, estimate the sustainable biomass production for energy, and estimate the energy potential of biomass production. Two scenarios are considered to estimate the land availability for biomass production by 2010, namely Scenario 1 (S1) and Scenario 2 (S2).

Li Junfeng; Hu Runqing

2003-01-01

479

PRODUCTION OF XYLITOL FROM AGRICULTURAL HEMICELLULOSIC BIOMASS  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

The production of value-added co-products from agricultural biomass is an important economic driver for the success of a biorefinery approach to the production of ethanol and other fuels. During most ethanol production methods, significant amounts of hemicellulose by-products are produced which are...

480

CHARRING RATE OF COMPOSITE TIMBER PRODUCTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, wood members used in wood structures are structural composite lumber products. Such products include laminated veneer lumber, parallel strand lumber, and lami- nated strand lumber (Green 1998). To apply the calculation procedures to composite timber products, it is critical that char rate data for such products be available in the public domain. Charring data on composite lumber products in

Robert H. White

481

Production of Fungal Glucoamylase for Glucose Production from Food Waste  

PubMed Central

The feasibility of using pastry waste as resource for glucoamylase (GA) production via solid state fermentation (SSF) was studied. The crude GA extract obtained was used for glucose production from mixed food waste. Our results showed that pastry waste could be used as a sole substrate for GA production. A maximal GA activity of 76.1 ± 6.1 U/mL was obtained at Day 10. The optimal pH and reaction temperature for the crude GA extract for hydrolysis were pH 5.5 and 55 °C, respectively. Under this condition, the half-life of the GA extract was 315.0 minutes with a deactivation constant (kd) 2.20 × 10?3 minutes?1. The application of the crude GA extract for mixed food waste hydrolysis and glucose production was successfully demonstrated. Approximately 53 g glucose was recovered from 100 g of mixed food waste in 1 h under the optimal digestion conditions, highlighting the potential of this approach as an alternative strategy for waste management and sustainable production of glucose applicable as carbon source in many biotechnological processes. PMID:24970186

Lam, Wan Chi; Pleissner, Daniel; Lin, Carol Sze Ki

2013-01-01

482

Beta Beams for Neutrino Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper gives an overview of the work done so far to produce sufficient neutrino fluxes for neutrino oscillation physics using beta beams. The design study on a beta beam scenario, the EURISOL (European Isotope Separation On-Line Radioactive Ion Beam Facility) Design Study, a project funded by the European Commission (EC), is now ready to be published. The study is based on the acceleration of 6He and 18Ne ions to produce the (anti-)neutrino beam using the existing CERN infrastructure for acceleration of the ions. We will here briefly describe the work with emphasis on how potential showstoppers, in particular radiation safety and equipment damage, have been dealt with. New results for the production of 6He show very encouraging results. We are now confident that this ion is a good choice to produce antineutrinos. However, the ion production needed for the physics experiments could not, up to now, be reasonably satisfied for 18Ne. Therefore, studies of alternative beta emitters, 8Li and 8B, with properties interesting for physics reach, have been proposed. The production of these ions is studied within the EC funded EUROnu project, "A High Intensity Neutrino Oscillation Facility for Europe." This project will end in 2012. A small storage ring, in which the beam traverses a target, creating the 8Li and 8B isotopes that will be collected and accelerated, is studied in this proposal. We present the latest developments for the production of these ions, including a production ring lattice. Extensive Geant4 simulations have been done with the aim of developing a model of the production target that can be used for simulations of the necessary cooling system. In this paper we present the status of the work performed and an overview of ongoing and planned activities to make the beta beam project a solid proposal for neutrino production within the EUROnu project.

Wildner, Elena

2010-03-01

483

BD Biosciences Clontech Protein Purification Products  

E-print Network

BD Biosciences Clontech Protein Purification Products From screening to production--a complete platform BD Biosciences Clontech Discovery Labware Immunocytometry Systems Pharmingen #12;#12;BD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 #12;List of Tables Protein Purification Products from BD Biosciences Clontech

Lebendiker, Mario

484

7 CFR 1437.104 - Assigned production.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS NONINSURED CROP DISASTER ASSISTANCE PROGRAM Determining Yield Coverage Using Actual Production History § 1437.104 Assigned production. (a) When determining losses under this section, assigned production will be...

2013-01-01

485

Top quark production at ATLAS and CMS  

E-print Network

A review of the main recent results on top quark production from the ATLAS and CMS experiments is presented. Results on both electroweak single top quark production and strong top pair production are presented.

Luca Lista; on behalf of the ATLAS; CMS collaborations

2014-05-20

486

Productive Aging: A Question of Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "The Paradox of Productive Aging" (Sicker); "Beyond Productive Aging" (Riley, Riley); "Changing Concepts; Visionary or Short-Sighted" (Holstein); "Making Aging Meaningful" (Glanz, Neikrug); and "Perspectives on Productive Aging from Austria, Bolivia, Denmark, Finland, Japan, Venezuela." (JOW)

Sicker, Martin; And Others

1994-01-01

487

Working Paper #7 Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory  

E-print Network

Working Paper #7 Louisiana Forest Products Laboratory Louisiana State University Baton Rouge, LA, and Graduate Research Assistant, Forest Products Marketing, Louisiana Forest Product Laboratory, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The authors wish to acknowledge Anne

488

Star Products for Relativistic Quantum Mechanics  

E-print Network

The star product formalism has proved to be an alternative formulation for nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. We want introduce here a covariant star product in order to extend the star product formalism to relativistic quantum mechanics in the proper time formulation.

P. Henselder

2007-05-24

489

40 CFR 158.2210 - Product chemistry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Product chemistry. 158.2210 Section 158.2210 Protection...Pesticide Data Requirements § 158.2210 Product chemistry. The product chemistry data requirements of subpart D of this part...

2014-07-01

490

40 CFR 158.2210 - Product chemistry.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Product chemistry. 158.2210 Section 158.2210 Protection...Pesticide Data Requirements § 158.2210 Product chemistry. The product chemistry data requirements of subpart D of this part...

2013-07-01

491

Questions and Answers on Unapproved Chelation Products  

MedlinePLUS

... Administration (FDA) advises consumers to be wary of so-called “chelation” products that are marketed over-the-counter ( ... warning? The products affected by this warning include so-called “chelation” products that are marketed for home use ...

492

75 FR 4384 - Pesticide Products; Registration Applications  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...2 T.W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709. Product name: Indaziflam...2 T.W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709. Product name...2 T.W. Alexander Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709. Product name:...

2010-01-27

493

Water Production Function For Central Plains Crops  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Sustaining irrigated agriculture with limited water supplies requires maximizing productivity per unit of water. Relationships between crop production and water consumed are basic information required to maximize productivity. This information can be used to determine if deficit irrigation is econ...

494

Productive ICT Academia Program ObjectivesObjectives  

E-print Network

Productive ICT Academia Program ObjectivesObjectives HumanResources (ICTArchitect) Innovative Research Outputs Research & Education GlobalCooperation withIndustries&Labs Productive ICT AcademiaProductive ICT Academia Multimedia Contents Universal Computing Universal, Highly Distributed, Ultra Scalable

Kasahara, Hironori

495

Production Scheduling with Energy Efficiency Constraints  

E-print Network

This research is motivated by a real world production scheduling problem in a continuous manufacturing system involving multiple objectives, multiple products and multiple processing lines with various inventory, production and energy efficiency...

Lee, J.; Kozman, T. A.; Wang, X.

2007-01-01

496

Semantic Information Mediation among Multiple Product Ontologies  

E-print Network

, specialisation, part-of and is-a relationships among product ontologies. Furthermore, a product data management product data management (PDM) systems have been tailored around a locally agreed notation, which usually

497

Special Issue: The AWIRS and Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "AWIRS (Australian Workplace Industrial Relations Survey) and Productivity" (Wooden); "Workplace Productivity and Joint Consultation" (Alexander, Green); "Impact of Unions on Workplace Productivity in Australia" (Crockett et al.); and "AWIRS and Workplace Performance" (Drago, Wooden). (SK)

Wooden, Mark; And Others

1992-01-01

498

9 CFR 205.106 - Farm products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

9 Animals and Animal Products 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Farm products. 205.106 Section 205.106 Animals and Animal Products GRAIN INSPECTION, PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS ADMINISTRATION (PACKERS AND STOCKYARDS...

2010-01-01

499

27 CFR 17.121 - Product formulas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Product formulas. 17.121 Section 17.121 Alcohol...USED IN MANUFACTURING NONBEVERAGE PRODUCTS Formulas and Samples § 17.121 Product formulas. (a) General. Except as provided...

2014-04-01

500

27 CFR 17.121 - Product formulas.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Product formulas. 17.121 Section 17.121 Alcohol...USED IN MANUFACTURING NONBEVERAGE PRODUCTS Formulas and Samples § 17.121 Product formulas. (a) General. Except as provided...

2012-04-01