Sample records for production izomorfizm tsezij-magnij

  1. Hydrogen production

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    England, C.; Chirivella, J. E.; Fujita, T.; Jeffe, R. E.; Lawson, D.; Manvi, R.

    1975-01-01

    The state of hydrogen production technology is evaluated. Specific areas discussed include: hydrogen production fossil fuels; coal gasification processes; electrolysis of water; thermochemical production of hydrogen; production of hydrogen by solar energy; and biological production of hydrogen. Supply options are considered along with costs of hydrogen production.

  2. Hydrogen Production

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This presentation provides an introduction to the basics of hydrogen production. Advantages of using hydrogen, information on current global hydrogen production, primary uses for hydrogen and hydrogen production processes are introduced. The presentation consists of 26 slides and may be downloaded in Microsoft Power Point file format.

  3. Certified Products

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1969-12-31

    Originally a way of recognizing the companies who developed technology for use in US space efforts, the Space Certification Program was eventually adopted in consumer products and other terrestrial applications. Examples of such technologies include heat shields, water filtration systems, and the famous zero-gravity space pen. This Web site highlights some of these certified products. Each description begins with the original purpose of the product and how it was used by NASA; then, the uses of the product on Earth are mentioned. The only drawback to this site is that not all of the products are accompanied by descriptions.

  4. Vaccine Production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jack Melling

    \\u000a The biotechnology revolution which began in the 1970s with the advent of genetic engineering, coupled with major developments\\u000a in fermentation and downstream processing technology, has had major impacts on research, development and production of vaccines.\\u000a In the case of vaccine production, the effect of recombinant DNA techniques has been to make vaccines available against agents\\u000a where previously production and isolation

  5. Livestock production

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Mr. Mize

    2009-10-21

    In this project you will learn the basic principals of beef production. How does my steak get to my plate? Use your 4 column chart to record information about each step in beef production. Begin by learning about what cattle eat.Food/water resources. What are diseases in beef productionFoot and mouth diseaseMad cow disease? How do cattle grow to market weightFeedyardsDecatour county feedyard? How do we sale cattleCommerical bull salesCattle sales?Beef production How is beef quality controled Beef quality assurance? What are the different ...

  6. Agricultural Production.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehigh County Area Vocational-Technical School, Schnecksville, PA.

    This brochure describes the philosophy and scope of a secondary-level course in agricultural production. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: careers in agriculture and agribusiness, animal science and livestock production, agronomy, agricultural mechanics, supervised occupational experience programs, and the…

  7. Bottom production

    SciTech Connect

    Baines, J.; Baranov, S.P.; Bartalini, P.; Bay, A.; Bouhova, E.; Cacciari, M.; Caner, A.; Coadou, Y.; Corti, G.; Damet, J.; Dell-Orso, R.; De Mello Neto, J.R.T.; Domenech, J.L.; Drollinger, V.; Eerola, P.; Ellis, N.; Epp, B.; Frixione, S.; Gadomski, S.; Gavrilenko, I.; Gennai, S.; George, S.; Ghete, V.M.; Guy, L.; Hasegawa, Y.; Iengo, P.; Jacholkowska, A.; Jones, R.; Kharchilava, A.; Kneringer, E.; Koppenburg, P.; Korsmo, H.; Kramer, M.; Labanca, N.; Lehto, M.; Maltoni, F.; Mangano, M.L.; Mele, S.; Nairz, A.M.; Nakada, T.; Nikitin, N.; Nisati, A.; Norrbin, E.; Palla, F.; Rizatdinova, F.; Robins, S.; Rousseau, D.; Sanchis-Lozano, M.A.; Shapiro, M.; Sherwood, P.; Smirnova, L.; Smizanska, M.; Starodumov, A.; Stepanov, N.; Vogt, R.

    2000-03-15

    In the context of the LHC experiments, the physics of bottom flavoured hadrons enters in different contexts. It can be used for QCD tests, it affects the possibilities of B decays studies, and it is an important source of background for several processes of interest. The physics of b production at hadron colliders has a rather long story, dating back to its first observation in the UA1 experiment. Subsequently, b production has been studied at the Tevatron. Besides the transverse momentum spectrum of a single b, it has also become possible, in recent time, to study correlations in the production characteristics of the b and the b. At the LHC new opportunities will be offered by the high statistics and the high energy reach. One expects to be able to study the transverse momentum spectrum at higher transverse momenta, and also to exploit the large statistics to perform more accurate studies of correlations.

  8. Radioactive Materials Product Stewardship

    E-print Network

    Radioactive Materials Product Stewardship ABackground Report for the National Dialogue on Radioactive Materials Product Stewardship Prepared by the: Product Stewardship Institute University....................................................................................................................................................................6 3. PRODUCT STEWARDSHIP

  9. Novolak Production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aiba, Hiroshi

    Novolak resins are produced by reacting formaldehyde (30-55% concentration) with phenol under acidic conditions, with oxalic acid as the preferred catalyst and in special conditions, sulfuric acid. Depending on the batch size, all raw material components can be introduced into the reactor, or when there is an increase in the batch size as well as in the reactor volume, the reaction exotherm is controlled by a gradual addition of formaldehyde. Modern novolak production facilities are automated and programmed for reduced operational cost. A flow diagram of a general production line for the manufacture of novolak is shown. Recovery of the novolak is accomplished by the removal of water and devolatilization of crude novolak to molten, low-free phenol novolak resin which can be isolated as flake or pastille or dissolved in appropriate solvents. Novolak is stored either in a solid flake or pastille form or in solution. Most production is conducted under atmospheric conditions, but there are some recent, novel activities such as pressure in a hermetically-closed reactor reaching 0.1-10 MPa by using the heat of reaction without reflux to shorten reaction time, accelerating dehydration time by flash distillation, and providing economic benefit in the cost of novolak production.

  10. Television Production.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hird, John R.; Balzarini, Steven

    This document is a course of study to provide high school students with an introduction to television production skills and techniques and to provide a framework for developing critical television viewing skills. The nine units of the course introduce students to storyboards, camera operations, lighting, audio, video recording, graphics,…

  11. Secondary Products

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    In spite of their name, "secondary" products are essential for plant survival. They are required for basic cell functions as well as communicating the plant's presence to the surrounding environment and defense against pests as defined in the broad sense (i.e., diseases, nematodes, insects and plan...

  12. Muon production

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Maeda, K.

    1972-01-01

    The production of muons by collisions of primary cosmic ray particles with air nuclei is discussed. From these collisions pions and kaons are produced which then decay into muons. Two cases, oblique incidence and vertical incidence, are analyzed theoretically. Theoretical calculations agree well with observed data.

  13. Geophysical Products

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Geophysical Products Web site is maintained and provided by the USGS Crustal Imaging and Characterization Team, who "devise new methods for understanding the Earth and apply these methods in interdisciplinary research projects to solve pressing earth-system problems." This comprehensive accumulation of resources includes Regional and State Grid and Database Compilations, Magnetic Reports and Surveys, Gravity Reports and Surveys, Electrical Reports and Surveys, MagnetoTelluric Reports and Surveys, Multi-Discipline Reports and Surveys, Geophysical Software, Fact Sheets, Geophysical Products available on CD-ROMS, geophysical links, and more. The single page site, although seemingly limited, does offer a great deal of information that should be of use to researchers and professionals.

  14. Antibody production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John R. Birch; Andrew J. Racher

    2006-01-01

    The clinical and commercial success of monoclonal antibodies has led to the need for very large-scale production in mammalian cell culture. This has resulted in rapid expansion of global manufacturing capacity [1], an increase in size of reactors (up to 20,000 L) and a greatly increased effort to improve process efficiency with concomitant manufacturing cost reduction. This has been particularly successful

  15. Steel production

    SciTech Connect

    Sokolov, V.V.

    1995-01-01

    Twenty five years ago commercial steel production began at the West Siberian Metallurgical Combine in Russia in converter shop number one. A planned changeover to the continuous method of casting of all blooms and later, all slabs and plates will allow the combine to increase annual output by 20% without increasing steelmaking capacity. The gain will be made throughout the reduction in waste allowed by the new casting technology. Steel production at the combine now stands at eight million tons a year with converter shops number one and two presently rated as 3.5 and 4.3 million ton a year. Assuming a stable supply of charge materials and power, these levels of production should be attained after the introduction of the new casting and the ladle type steel finishing section that are being built. At the combine, a new ingot mold that increases the yield of sound metal that allows a fume-free lubrication of the molds, eliminating pollution from the lacquer based lubricants used previously.

  16. Synthetic fuels: production and products.

    PubMed

    Singh, S P

    1985-08-01

    A brief primer on synthetic fuels is given. The paper includes brief descriptions of generic conversion technologies that can be used to convert various raw materials such as coal, oil shale, tar sands, peat and biomass into synthetic fuels similar in character to petroleum-derived fuels currently in commerce. Because the subject is vast and the space is limited, references for additional information on synthetic fuel processes and products are also given in the paper. PMID:3898546

  17. Antibody production.

    PubMed

    Birch, John R; Racher, Andrew J

    2006-08-01

    The clinical and commercial success of monoclonal antibodies has led to the need for very large-scale production in mammalian cell culture. This has resulted in rapid expansion of global manufacturing capacity [1], an increase in size of reactors (up to 20,000 L) and a greatly increased effort to improve process efficiency with concomitant manufacturing cost reduction. This has been particularly successful in the upstream part of the process where productivity of cell cultures has improved 100 fold in the last 15 years. This success has resulted from improvements in expression technology and from process optimisation, especially the development of fed-batch cultures. In addition to improving process/cost efficiencies, a second key area has been reducing the time taken to develop processes and produce the first material required for clinical testing and proof-of-principle. Cell line creation is often the slowest step in this stage of process development. This article will review the technologies currently used to make monoclonal antibodies with particular emphasis on mammalian cell culture. Likely future trends are also discussed. PMID:16822577

  18. Greenhouse Raspberry Production Guide

    E-print Network

    Walter, M.Todd

    Greenhouse Raspberry Production Guide For winter or year-round production Department.fruit.cornell.edu/berry.html Production Guide Greenhouse Raspberry For winter or year-round production #12;#12;Greenhouse Raspberry Production Guide About this Guide The Greenhouse Raspberry Production Guide was origi- nally written

  19. Industrial energy productivity handbook

    SciTech Connect

    Long, D.J. (comp.)

    1981-12-01

    This handbook is a compilation of various energy-saving projects in US industry. They are classified according to the industry: food and kindred products; textile mill products; paper and allied products; chemicals and allied products; petroleum refining and related industries; stone, clay, glass, and concrete products; primary metal industries; fabricated metal products; machinery (except electrical); and transportation equipment. (DLC)

  20. The Scalar Product Introduction

    E-print Network

    Vickers, James

    The Scalar Product 9.3 Introduction There are two kinds of multiplication involving vectors. The first is known as the scalar prod- uct or dot product. This is so-called because when the scalar product of two vectors is calculated the result is a scalar. The second product is known as the vector product

  1. Service Based Product Lines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alberto Sillitti; Tullio Vernazza; Giancarlo Succi

    Product lines are sets of products designed to solve complex problems that a single tool is not able to approach because of the complexity. Moreover product lines are scalable: customers can buy only components that they need to work at present. Future enhancement could be done with little training effort due to the homogeneity of products inside a product line.

  2. By-Product Feeds

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    By-product feeds are generated from the production of food, fiber, and bio-energy products for human consumption. They include plant feedstuffs such as hulls, stalks, peels, and oil seed meals, and animal by-products such as blood meal, fats, bone meal, or processed organ meats. Some feed by-product...

  3. Biological production of products from waste gases

    DOEpatents

    Gaddy, James L. (Fayetteville, AR)

    2002-01-22

    A method and apparatus are designed for converting waste gases from industrial processes such as oil refining, and carbon black, coke, ammonia, and methanol production, into useful products. The method includes introducing the waste gases into a bioreactor where they are fermented to various products, such as organic acids, alcohols, hydrogen, single cell protein, and salts of organic acids by anaerobic bacteria within the bioreactor. These valuable end products are then recovered, separated and purified.

  4. GOES Aviation Products GOES Aviation Products

    E-print Network

    Kuligowski, Bob

    GOES Aviation Products GOES Aviation Products: Progress and Recent Developments Ken Pryor NOAA/NESDIS/Center for Satellite Applications and Research #12;GOES Aviation Products Overview · Develop and evaluate potential new range forecasting of aviation hazards including: · Volcanic ash clouds · Aircraft icing · Convective

  5. A Product Safety Primer

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Mary Anne Symons

    1975-01-01

    The article offers an overview of the product safety issue and offers ideas for helping students develop product safety awareness. The role of the Consumer Product Safety Commission and safety legislation are discussed. (MW)

  6. MISR Level 3 Products

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2015-06-04

    ... currently five types of Level 3 products:  Radiance ,  Aerosol ,  Land Surface ,  Albedo  and  Cloud . Each Level 3 product ... Radiance/RQI field. Component Global Aerosol Product (CGAS): MIL3DAE, MIL3MAE, MIL3QAE, MIL3YAE ...

  7. Embedded Systems Product Lines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Goetz Botterweck; Andreas Polzer; Stefan Kowalewski

    This paper addresses product configuration and product derivation in product lines of embedded systems. We show how domain-specific languages (DSLs), which are used to describe the implementation of the product, can be translated into configurable models with formal semantics. This facili- tates, tool support during configuration including (1) side-by- side visualization of features and corresponding implementation components, (2) automated reasoning

  8. The Vector Product Introduction

    E-print Network

    Vickers, James

    The Vector Product 9.4 Introduction In this section we describe how to find the vector product of two vectors. Like the scalar product its definition may seem strange when first met but the definition is chosen because of its many applications. When vectors are multiplied using the vector product the result

  9. Rain Forest Products

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Meg Milani (South San Francisco High School REV)

    1994-07-30

    Students move from lab station to lab station observing samples of products from the Rain Forest. At each station they record the name of the product, write a description and sketch a diagram of the product. For homework, students prepare an advertisement for the Rain Forest and its products

  10. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR THE FOREST PRODUCTS INDUSTRY: USE Paper APPLICABLE WISCONSIN INDUSTRIES OF THE FUTURE CLUSTER(S): Forest Products #12;-2- TITLE: SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR THE FOREST PRODUCTS INDUSTRY: USE OF WOOD ASH IN CONCRETE AND FLOWABLE SLURRY

  11. Primary production: Terrestrial ecosystems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helmut Lieth

    1973-01-01

    The history of growth in understanding of primary productivity and in making estimates of biosphere production is reviewed. Two approaches to estimation of land production are discussed. Production may first be estimated by mean values for ecosystem types and the areas of these. A total production of 100×10\\u000a9 tons\\/year is thus estimated for the continents, making up 29% of

  12. Measuring HPC Productivity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stuart Faulk; John Gustafson; Philip Johnson; Adam Porter; Walter Tichy; Lawrence Votta

    One key to improving high-performance computing (HPC) productivity is finding better ways to measure it. We define productivity in terms of mission goals, i.e., greater productivity means that more science is accomplished with less cost and effort. Traditional software productivity metrics and computing benchmarks have proven inadequate for assessing or predicting such end-to-end productivity. In this paper we introduce a

  13. How Products Are Made

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    How Products Are Made explains and details the manufacturing process of a wide variety of products, from daily household items to complicated electronic equipment and heavy machinery. The site provides descriptions of the step-by-step assembly and manufacturing process (complemented with illustrations and diagrams). Background information is also provided, such as how the item works, who invented the product, raw materials used, product applications, by-products, possible future developments, quality-control procedures, etc.

  14. The Top 10 Products

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American School & University, 2008

    2008-01-01

    In 2008, American School & University showcased some of the hottest products in the industry. This article presents the 10 most requested, as determined by readers. Products include fluorescent lighting, concrete floor maintenance and exterior sheathing.

  15. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization DEVELOPMENT AND DEMONSTRATION OF HIGH- CARBON CCPs AND FGD BY..................................................................................................................................10 Coal Combustion Products (CCPs.......................................................................................................28 Full-Scale Manufacturing and Technology Transfer Activities

  16. Equipment & New Products.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poitras, Adrian W., Ed.

    1979-01-01

    Reviews new science equipment and products for the laboratory. Includes hand-held calculators, fiberglass fume hoods, motorized microtomy, disposable mouse cages, and electric timers. Describes 11 products total. Provides manufacturer name, address, and price. (MA)

  17. Other Fluoride Products

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Fluoridation Journal Articles for Community Water Fluoridation Other Fluoride Products Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir On ... August 17, 2001;50(RR-14):1–42. Fluoride Products Fluoride Toothpaste Form Concentrations of fluoride in ...

  18. Baryon production at PEP

    SciTech Connect

    Goldhaber, G.; Weiss, J.M.

    1981-09-01

    Measurements of inclusive ..lambda.. + anti ..lambda.. production for 1.0 less than or equal to p less than or equal to 10.0 GeV/c and p + anti p production for 0.4 less than or equal to p less than or equal to 2.0 GeV/c show significant baryon production in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation at E/sub cm/ = 29 GeV. ..lambda.. + anti ..lambda.. production represents 0.2 ..lambda..'s or anti ..lambda..'s per PEP event while the observed p + anti p production implies all baryon-antibaryon pair production is occurring at least as often as 0.6 per event, depending on the yet to be measured p + anti p production at high momentum. Comparisons are made with the first theoretical attempts to account for baryon production at these energies.

  19. Vocational Education and Productivity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Robert, Jr.

    Vocational education can contribute to an improved United States productivity by producing an effective work force. People together with technology are two major factors in improving productivity, and they must be integrated. Industry is in the forefront of the efforts to improve productivity. It has encouraged management in long-range strategic…

  20. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization DURABILITY OF CAST-CONCRETE PRODUCTS UTILIZING RECYCLED MATERIAL of Engineering and Applied Science THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONISN-MILWAUKEE #12;Strength and Durability of Cast-Concrete Products Utilizing Recycled Materials Tarun R. Naik, Rudolph N. Kraus, Yoon-Moon Chun, and Bruce R. Ramme

  1. Is public expenditure productive?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Alan Aschauer

    1989-01-01

    This paper considers the relationship between aggregate productivity and stock and flow govern- ment-spending variables. The empirical results indicate that (i) the nonmilitary public capital stock is dramatically more important in determining productivity than is either the flow of nonmilitary or military spending, (ii) military capital bears little relation to productivity, and (iii) a 'core' infrastructure of streets, highways, airports,

  2. Quantumness of Product States

    E-print Network

    Jing-Ling Chen; Hong-Yi Su; Chunfeng Wu; C. H. Oh

    2012-04-10

    Product states do not violate Bell inequalities. In this work, we investigate the quantumness of product states by violating a certain classical algebraic models. Thus even for product states, statistical predictions of quantum mechanics and classical theories do not agree. An experiment protocol is proposed to reveal the quantumness.

  3. Traceability Consumer Products

    E-print Network

    Value A strategic imperative for consumer product companies to empower and protect their brands #12;IBMFull Value Traceability Consumer Products IBM Global Business Services IBM Institute for Business://www.ibm.com/cn/services/bcs/iibv/en/ #12;1 Full Value Traceability: A strategic imperative for consumer product companies to empower

  4. CERTIFIED FOREST PRODUCTS MARKETS

    E-print Network

    5% Other primary forest industries 6% Sawmilling 39% Timber trade 43% #12;Forest industry sectors/productCERTIFIED FOREST PRODUCTS MARKETS 2002 - 2003 Dr. Ewald Rametsteiner 61. Session of the UNECE: ca. 300 mil m³ annually world-wide #12;BB--22--B MARKETSB MARKETS CERTIFIED FOREST PRODUCTS

  5. Half-Product Codes 

    E-print Network

    Emmadi, Santosh Kumar

    2014-12-11

    A class of codes, half-product codes, derived from product codes, is characterized. These codes have the implementation advantages of product codes and possess a special structural property which leads them to have larger (at least 3/2 times more...

  6. The EGRET data products

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Mattox, J. R.; Bertsch, D. L.; Fichtel, C. E.; Hartman, R. C.; Hunter, S. D.; Kanbach, G.; Kniffen, D. A.; Kwok, P. W.; Lin, Y. C.; Mayer-Hasselwander, H. A.

    1992-01-01

    We describe the Energetic Gamma Ray Experiment Telescope (EGRET) data products which we anticipate will suffice for virtually all guest and archival investigations. The production process, content, availability, format, and the associated software of each product is described. Supplied here is sufficient detail for each researcher to do analysis which is not supported by extant software.

  7. & CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    ENERGY PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION In the United States hydropower supplies the NAO. ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION IN NORWAY AND THE NAO The demand for heating oil in Norway Average Winter Temperature NORWAY kilotonsofoilmillibarsCmmofrainfall Annual Heating Oil Consumption Human

  8. & CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    ENERGY PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION US HYDROPOWER PRODUCTION In the United States hydropower supplies the NAO. ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION IN NORWAY AND THE NAO The demand for heating oil in Norway Average Winter Temperature NORWAY kilotonsofoilmillibars°Cmmofrainfall Annual Heating Oil Consumption

  9. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF CLASS F FLY ASH AND CLEAN-COAL ASH BLENDS FOR CAST OF CLASS F FLYASHAND CLEAN-COAL ASHBLENDS FOR CAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS Authors: TarunR.Naik, Director, Center,Illinois Clean Coal Institute RudolphN.Kraus, Research Associate, UWM Center forBy-Products Utilization Shiw S

  10. Silica aerogel production costs

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, D.L.; Carlson, G.A.

    1993-01-01

    We performed a cost study for a silica aerogel production plant. It was found that the production costs are dominated by the cost of the base materials, and not by the energy (supercritical extraction) requirements. Alternative production methods using cheaper input materials (process development for TMOS, TEOS ) are needed.

  11. Silica aerogel production costs

    SciTech Connect

    Lewis, D.L.; Carlson, G.A.

    1993-01-01

    We performed a cost study for a silica aerogel production plant. It was found that the production costs are dominated by the cost of the base materials, and not by the energy (supercritical extraction) requirements. Alternative production methods using cheaper input materials (process development for TMOS, TEOS?) are needed.

  12. Agricultural Productivity Revisited

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Eldon Ball; Jean-Christophe Bureau; Richard Nehring; Agapi Somwaru

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes production accounts for agriculture. Output is defined as gross production leaving the farm as opposed to real value added. Inputs are not limited to capital and labor but include intermediate inputs as well. We derive index numbers of gross output, capital, labor, and intermediate inputs. These data are used to construct indexes of total factor productivity. We

  13. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    for use of wood ash generated by the forest products industry in concrete (structural-grade concreteCenter for By-Products Utilization DEMONSTRATION OF MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY FOR CONCRETE AND CLSM Principal Investigator: Tarun R. Naik UWM Center for By-Products Utilization University of Wisconsin

  14. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    generated by the Wisconsin forest products industry in concrete (structural-grade concrete) and flowableCenter for By-Products Utilization DEMONSTRATION OF MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY FOR CONCRETE AND CLSM. Naik UWM Center for By-Products Utilization University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee Other Project Personnel

  15. Productivity & Energy Flow

    E-print Network

    Mitchell, Randall J.

    1 Productivity & Energy Flow Ecosystem approach, focuses: on flow of energy, water, and nutrients (capture) of energy by autotrophs Gross (total) Net (total ­ costs) Secondary productivity- capture of energy by herbivores http://sciencebitz.com/?page_id=204 What Controls the Primary Productivity

  16. 75 FR 18015 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-08

    ...THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...determining the availability of the credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production, and Indian coal...

  17. Household Products Database

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Users will find important and possibly life-saving information on over 4,000 household products in this online database from the National Library of Medicine's Specialized Information Services. The database allows users to find out what a product contains, potential health effects, and safety and handling information. Users can quickly and easily search the database by product name, ingredients, or symptom. The products search seems to be the most user-friendly, as it is organized alphabetically and by general category, e.g. home maintenance, personal care/use, auto products, and so on.

  18. Suomi Npp Products Performance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhou, L.

    2014-12-01

    A suite of Sensor Data Records (SDRs) and Environment Data Records (EDRs) is generated from the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) operational environmental satellite system. The products include atmospheric, ocean, land surface and cryospheric products from the Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS); atmospheric sounding products from the Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) and the Advance Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS); and ozone products from the Ozone Mapping and Profiler Suite (OMPS). These EDRs undergo a rigorous validation process and algorithm updates to achieve a product maturity needed for end user applications. Since the successful launch of Suomi National Polar Partnership (SNPP) satellite in October 2011, significant progresses have been made on calibration and validation of the SNPP data products. By far all products were publicly available and most products were ready for operational evaluation. Most products also are expected to meet requirements and work is underway to reach validated maturity status and fully operational use. Further developments and improvements of the algorithms for J1 have been planned based on the JPSS requirements and lessons learned from SNPP. Sensitivity and impact studies are performed as sensor test data become available. For the majority of data products, no significant changes in sensor input and corresponding sensor degradation are expected. However, the J1 products will undergo the same rigorous calibration and validation process as the S-NPP products once the on-orbit data are available. The schedule for the maturity of the J1 data products however is expected to be accelerated compared to that for S-NPP as lessons learned from the S-NPP mission will be applied to the J1 satellite data. In the presentation, we will provide an overview of the latest SNPP data products' quality status and the plan forward for JPSS-1 algorithm updates.

  19. Product development practices that matter

    E-print Network

    Gupta, Nisheeth

    2010-01-01

    Product Development consists of activities to transforms a market opportunity and technological innovation into successful products. Several waves of improvements in technological innovation and product development have ...

  20. Business Productivity and Area Productivity in Rural England

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Don Webber; Nigel Curry; Anthony Plumridge

    2009-01-01

    Webber D., Curry N. and Plumridge A. Business productivity and area productivity in rural England, Regional Studies. Rural area productivity and rural business productivity measure different things. This paper presents a empirical analysis of labour productivity differentials across the new Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) definition of ‘rural’. Labour productivity is 21% (13%) lower in sparse (less

  1. Unit II-1 Inner products 1 Inner product and

    E-print Network

    Birkett, Stephen

    Unit II-1 Inner products 1 Unit II-1 Inner product and orthogonality Unit II-1 Inner products 2 Real inner product · V is a real vector space · for u,vV define a scalar satisfying: linear: symmetric: positive definite: · is called an inner product of u and v · V with an inner product defined is called

  2. Matrix product operator representations

    E-print Network

    V. Murg; J. I. Cirac; B. Pirvu; F. Verstraete

    2008-04-24

    We show how to construct relevant families of matrix product operators in one and higher dimensions. Those form the building blocks for the numerical simulation methods based on matrix product states and projected entangled pair states. In particular, we construct translational invariant matrix product operators suitable for time evolution, and show how such descriptions are possible for Hamiltonians with long-range interactions. We illustrate how those tools can be exploited for constructing new algorithms for simulating quantum spin systems.

  3. Diboson production (CDF)

    SciTech Connect

    Cavaliere, Viviana; /Siena U. /INFN, Siena

    2009-01-01

    WW and WZ production in p{bar p} collisions at 1.96 TeV are studied in samples of {approx}3 fb{sup -1} of data using leptons, jets and missing E{sub T}. Fully leptonic decays as well as semi-leptonic decays are measured. Diboson production is expected in the standard model, and predicted cross sections are confirmed. It is important to investigate various signatures as associated production of Higgs bosons is topologically similar.

  4. Coal combustion products

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Kalyoncu, R.S.; Olson, D.W.

    2001-01-01

    Coal-burning powerplants, which supply more than half of U.S. electricity, also generate coal combustion products, which can be both a resource and a disposal problem. The U.S. Geological Survey collaborates with the American Coal Ash Association in preparing its annual report on coal combustion products. This Fact Sheet answers questions about present and potential uses of coal combustion products.

  5. Cyanobacterial hydrogen production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Datta Madamwar; Nikki Garg; Vishal Shah

    2000-01-01

    With the global attention and research now being focussed on looking for an alternative to fossil fuel, hydrogen is the hope\\u000a of future. Cyanobacteria are highly promising microorganisms for biological photohydrogen production. The review highlights\\u000a the advancement in the biology of cyanobacterial hydrogen production in recent years. It discusses the enzymes involved in\\u000a hydrogen production, viz. hydrogenases and nitrogenases, various

  6. Microbial production of epoxides

    DOEpatents

    Clark, Thomas R.; Roberto, Francisco F.

    2003-06-10

    A method for microbial production of epoxides and other oxygenated products is disclosed. The method uses a biocatalyst of methanotrophic bacteria cultured in a biphasic medium containing a major amount of a non-aqueous polar solvent. Regeneration of reducing equivalents is carried out by using endogenous hydrogenase activity together with supplied hydrogen gas. This method is especially effective with gaseous substrates and cofactors that result in liquid products.

  7. Ethanol Production from Maize

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan Schwietzke; Youngmi Kim; Eduardo Ximenes; Nathan Mosier; Michael Ladisch

    The production of fuel ethanol from corn grain is widely carried out in the US, with total current production at 7 billion\\u000a gallons. This may soon reach 10 billion gallons or more. This chapter addresses the potential of fuel ethanol as an additional\\u000a source of product based on utilization of the cellulosic (non-food) portions of maize, and in particular the

  8. Hyperon production with antiprotons

    SciTech Connect

    Barnes, P.D.; Birien, P.; Bonner, B.E.; Breunlich, W.; Diebold, G.; Dutty, W.; Eisenstein, R.A.; Ericsson, G.; Eyrich, W.; von Frankenberg, R.

    1989-01-01

    Precision measurements of hyperon-antihyperon production with antiprotons permit detailed tests of strange quark pair production and decay. Recent measurements at LEAR of lambda-antilambda production are compared with selected calculations. A recent search in the K/sub s/K/sub s/ channel for xi(2230) formation and possible future searches for CP nonconservation in the lambda-antilambda system are also discussed. 17 refs., 13 figs.

  9. TRMM Gridded Text Products

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Stocker, Erich Franz

    2007-01-01

    NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) has many products that contain instantaneous or gridded rain rates often among many other parameters. However, these products because of their completeness can often seem intimidating to users just desiring surface rain rates. For example one of the gridded monthly products contains well over 200 parameters. It is clear that if only rain rates are desired, this many parameters might prove intimidating. In addition, for many good reasons these products are archived and currently distributed in HDF format. This also can be an inhibiting factor in using TRMM rain rates. To provide a simple format and isolate just the rain rates from the many other parameters, the TRMM product created a series of gridded products in ASCII text format. This paper describes the various text rain rate products produced. It provides detailed information about parameters and how they are calculated. It also gives detailed format information. These products are used in a number of applications with the TRMM processing system. The products are produced from the swath instantaneous rain rates and contain information from the three major TRMM instruments: radar, radiometer, and combined. They are simple to use, human readable, and small for downloading.

  10. Measuring Productivity in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kearney, C. Philip

    1974-01-01

    Three problems in determining educational productivity are identifying the desired outcomes, identifying relative values of various inputs, and developing adequate measurements of both outputs and inputs. (HMD)

  11. Nanotechnology Consumer Product Inventory

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    An inventory of nanotechnology-based consumer products currently on the market. After more than twenty years of basic and applied research, nanotechnologies are gaining in commercial use. Nanoscale materials now are in electronic, cosmetics, automotive and medical products. But it has been difficult to find out how many "nano" consumer products are on the market and which merchandise could be called "nano." While not comprehensive, this inventory gives the public the best available look at the 800+ manufacturer-identified nanotechnology-based consumer products currently on the market.

  12. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization PRELIMINARY DRAFT ­ NOT EDITED VERSION USES OF CKD OTHER THAN..........................................................................................................................ii CEMENT KILN DUST (CKD.....................................................................................................................2 The Generation of CKD

  13. Microsystem product development.

    SciTech Connect

    Polosky, Marc A.; Garcia, Ernest J.

    2006-04-01

    Over the last decade the successful design and fabrication of complex MEMS (MicroElectroMechanical Systems), optical circuits and ASICs have been demonstrated. Packaging and integration processes have lagged behind MEMS research but are rapidly maturing. As packaging processes evolve, a new challenge presents itself, microsystem product development. Product development entails the maturation of the design and all the processes needed to successfully produce a product. Elements such as tooling design, fixtures, gages, testers, inspection, work instructions, process planning, etc., are often overlooked as MEMS engineers concentrate on design, fabrication and packaging processes. Thorough, up-front planning of product development efforts is crucial to the success of any project.

  14. Primary Productivity: Grass

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Angela Morrow

    In this activity students will use grass plants grown over a one week period in the classroom to calculate productivity rates using two methods of collection. At the end of this lab students will understand the concept of primary productivity and will have used one or more methods to calculate it. They will have also been introduced to the concepts of standing biomass, net productivity versus gross productivity, and the importance of comparing dry weight versus wet weight. This activity has an accompanying teacher site with hints and more information. There are also links to several other sites with more information on this topic.

  15. Sustainable hydrogen production

    SciTech Connect

    Block, D.L.; Linkous, C.; Muradov, N.

    1996-01-01

    This report describes the Sustainable Hydrogen Production research conducted at the Florida Solar Energy Center (FSEC) for the past year. The report presents the work done on the following four tasks: Task 1--production of hydrogen by photovoltaic-powered electrolysis; Task 2--solar photocatalytic hydrogen production from water using a dual-bed photosystem; Task 3--development of solid electrolytes for water electrolysis at intermediate temperatures; and Task 4--production of hydrogen by thermocatalytic cracking of natural gas. For each task, this report presents a summary, introduction/description of project, and results.

  16. 76 FR 21947 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-04-19

    ...Revenue Service Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production...availability of the credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production...year 2011 sales of kilowatt hours of electricity produced in the United States or a...

  17. 77 FR 25538 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-30

    ...THE TREASURY Internal Revenue Service Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...determining the availability of the credit for renewable electricity production. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Philip...

  18. 77 FR 21835 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-11

    ...Revenue Service Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production...availability of the credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production...year 2012 sales of kilowatt hours of electricity produced in the United States or a...

  19. 78 FR 20176 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-03

    ...Revenue Service Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production...availability of the credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production...year 2013 sales of kilowatt hours of electricity produced in the United States or a...

  20. 75 FR 16576 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-01

    ...Revenue Service Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production...availability of the credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production...year 2010 sales of kilowatt hours of electricity produced in the United States or a...

  1. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    on "Management & Use of Coal Combustion Products (CCPs)" held at San Antonio, TX, January 22-28, 2001. Department-products manufacturers. Thus, the ash generated from such facilities is a mixture of wood ash and other ashes generated CLSM mixtures were tested for flow, bleedwater, settlement, shrinkage and cracking, setting

  2. More paracompact box products

    E-print Network

    Roitman, Judith A.

    1979-04-02

    We show that if there is no family of cardinality less than c which dominates ww, then the box product of countably many compact first-countable spaces is paracompact; hence the countable box product of compact metrizable spaces is paracompact if 2w...

  3. Productivity and Costs

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Productivity and costs of the third quarter show that, in both business and non-farm sectors, the productivity increases were larger, at 4.0 percent and 4.2 percent, respectively, than in the same sectors during the second quarter.

  4. HPC Productivity Model Synthesis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeremy Kepner

    2004-01-01

    The DARPA High Productivity Computing System (HPCS) program is developing systems that deliver increased value to users at a rate commensurate with the rate of improvement in the underlying technologies. For example, if the relevant technology was silicon, the goal of such a system would be to double in productivity (or value) every 18 months, following Moore's Law. The key

  5. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    1 Center for By-Products Utilization DURABILITY OF CAST-CONCRETE PRODUCTS UTILIZING RECYCLED of Concrete in Barcelona, Spain, June 2000 Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics College of Engineering and Applied Science THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONISN-MILWAUKEE #12;1 Durability of Cast-Concrete

  6. Robotics for Plant Production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naoshi Kondo

    1998-01-01

    Applying robotics in plant production requires the integration of robot capabilities, plant culture, and the work environment. Commercial plant production requires certain cultural practices to be performed on the plants under certain environmental conditions. Some of the environmental conditions are mostly natural and some are modified or controlled. In many cases, the required cultural practices dictate the layout and materials

  7. The LSST Data Products

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tim S. Axelrod; R. Allsman; A. Becker; J. Becla; A. Connolly; K. Cook; J. Gray; A. Jagatheesan; J. Kantor; M. Nieto-Santisteban; S. Nikolaev; R. Owen; R. Pike; R. Plante; N. Silvestri; C. Smith; A. Szalay; A. Thakar; J. A. Tyson

    2006-01-01

    The LSST produces data products at two cadences. The nightly data products consist of raw images, low-latency alerts, and updates to the object, source, and orbit catalogs, all of which are archived and publicly available. Some additional data produced by the nightly pipelines, such as calibrated and subtracted images, are not necessarily archived but can be recreated on demand. At

  8. MISR Aerosol Regional Products

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-07-23

    ... The MISR Level 3 Products  are global or regional maps of select parameters from the Level 2 products and associated covariances ... multiple orbits are combined to make complete Level 3 global maps at daily (D), monthly (M), quarterly (Q), and yearly (Y) time scales and ...

  9. MISR Radiance Regional Products

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-07-23

    ... The MISR Level 3 Products  are global or regional maps of select parameters from the Level 2 products and associated covariances ... multiple orbits are combined to make complete Level 3 global maps at daily (D), monthly (M), quarterly (Q), and yearly (Y) time scales and ...

  10. MISR Land Regional Products

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-07-23

    ... The MISR Level 3 Products  are global or regional maps of select parameters from the Level 2 products and associated covariances ... multiple orbits are combined to make complete Level 3 global maps at daily (D), monthly (M), quarterly (Q), and yearly (Y) time scales and ...

  11. Isotope Science and Production

    E-print Network

    Isotope Science and Production 35 years of experience in isotope production, processing. Contact: Kevin John LANL Isotope Program Manager kjohn@lanl.gov 505-667-3602 Sponsored by the Department of Energy National Isotope Program http://www.nuclear.energy.gov/isotopes/nelsotopes2a.html Isotopes

  12. Process, Product, and Playmaking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fisher, Maisha T.; Purcell, Susie Spear; May, Rachel

    2009-01-01

    This article examines relationships among process, product, and playmaking in a southeastern playwriting and performance program for teen girls, Playmaking for Girls (PFG). The authors have chosen to focus on tensions between process and product. Such tensions are present in the challenges teachers experience when privileging student-centered…

  13. Management Attitudes toward Productivity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chamber of Commerce of the United States, Washington, DC.

    In an attempt to discover management attitudes toward productivity, including management's views about worker attitudes and their motivation, managerial practices and organization, and possible changes to effect improvements in productivity, the United States Chamber of Commerce surveyed a sample of 1,870 top business executives across the country…

  14. CALIPSO Data Products Catalog

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-11-12

    ... meteorological data version changed. Snow and Ice data product changed. These data are used as input data for CALIPSO production. ... 6-7 such that the text in reflects the lidar level 1 version naming convention. Adjusted spacing for content to fit on one page. ...

  15. MICROBIAL RESISTANT GYPSUM PRODUCTS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Gypsum building materials often become wet, resulting in mold growth that leads to health and productivity impacts. A major source of mold growth is gypsum wallboard since nearly 90% of the interior finished surfaces of buildings are covered with gypsum products. It has been est...

  16. Rice Production and Marketing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Briers, Gary; Lee, Jasper S.

    This guide contains lesson plans for use in secondary programs of agricultural education in geographical areas in which rice is produced. Six units and 13 problem areas are organized into teaching plans that cover the broad nature of rice production. The six units are: (1) determining the importance and history of rice production; (2) determining…

  17. Artificial Intelligence Production Systems

    E-print Network

    Reed, Nancy E.

    Artificial Intelligence 1 Production Systems Nancy E. Reed nreed@hawaii.edu Production Systems mammal)) 2. (IF (milk t) THEN (subclass mammal)) 3. (IF (covering feathers) THEN (subclass bird)) 4. (IF (flies t) (eggs t) THEN (subclass bird)) 5. (IF (eats meat) THEN (order carnivore)) 6. (IF (teeth pointed

  18. Productivity: An Overview.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swartz, Carl

    This training package explains productivity in terms of the difference between worker output and company input. Output is defined in terms of the products and/or services of an organization (number and/or quality of units produced, efficiency of time use, marginal profits) and in terms of behavior (labor turnover, disruptions in routine, wasted…

  19. Equipment & New Products.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poitras, Adrian W., Ed.

    1977-01-01

    Presents information about equipment and new products such as the melting point instrument and TV-microscope coupler which are helpful in college science teaching. Descriptions of each product, how it operates, its prices, and address for ordering are presented. (HM)

  20. The ubiquitous Kronecker product

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles F. Van Loan

    2000-01-01

    The Kronecker product has a rich and very pleasing algebra that supports a wide range of fast, elegant, and practical algorithms. Several trends in scientific computing suggest that this important matrix operation will have an increasingly greater role to play in the future. First, the application areas where Kronecker products abound are all thriving. These include signal processing, image processing,

  1. Ethyl alcohol production

    SciTech Connect

    Hofman, V.; Hauck, D.

    1980-11-01

    Recent price increases and temporary shortages of petroleum products have caused farmers to search for alternate sources of fuel. The production of ethyl alcohol from grain is described and the processes involved include saccharification, fermentation and distillation. The resulting stillage has potential as a livestock feed.

  2. Consumer Product Safety Bills.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Enterprise Inst. for Public Policy Research, Washington, DC.

    This legislative analysis of the actions of the 92nd Congress concerning consumer product safety bills, current as of March 20, 1972, presents briefly the background of Congressional investigations in this area. Describing in detail four major bills which focus on the establishment of an independent government agency regulating consumer products

  3. ICF tritium production reactor

    SciTech Connect

    Meier, W.R.; McCarville, T.J.; Berwald, D.H.; Gordon, J.D.; Steele, W.G.

    1985-02-28

    The conceptual design of an ICF tritium production reactor is described. The chamber design uses a beryllium multiplier and a liquid lithium breeder to achieve a tritium breeding ratio of 2.08. The annual net tritium production of this 532 MW/sub t/ plant is 16.9 kg, and the estimated cost of tritium is $8100/g.

  4. Trucking Unmanufactured Forest Products

    E-print Network

    Liskiewicz, Maciej

    Safe and Efficient Practices for Trucking Unmanufactured Forest Products 420-310 #12;M. Chad technical release 07-R-29 This project was funded by the Forest Resources Association's National Timber. Safe and Efficient Practices for Trucking Unmanufac- tured Forest Products. Virginia Cooperative

  5. Questionnaire typography and production.

    PubMed

    Gray, M

    1975-06-01

    This article describes the typographic principles and practice which provide the basis of good design and print, the relevant printing processes which can be used, and the graphic designer's function in questionnaire production. As they impose constraints on design decisions to be discussed later in the text, the various methods of printing and production are discussed first. PMID:15677172

  6. BIOTECHNOLOGY OF MANNITOL PRODUCTION

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Mannitol, a naturally occurring polyol, is widely used in the food, pharmaceutical, medicine, and chemical industry. The production of mannitol by fermentation has become attractive because of the problems associated with its production chemically. We have found that Lactobacillus intermedius NRRL...

  7. Pensions and Productivity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dorsey, Stuart; Cornwell, Christopher; Macpherson, David

    This book analyzes the productivity theory of pensions. First, it reviews the history and institutional practices of private pensions and government policy. Chapter 1 discusses demand-side and supply-side perspectives on pensions, the significance of the productivity theory of pensions, and the organization of this book. Chapter 2 traces origins…

  8. Products from lunar anorthite

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Anthony, Donald L.; Cochran, C. Norman; Cochran, William C.; Haupin, Warren E.; Keller, Rudolph

    1989-01-01

    Lunar anorthositic soil can be processed to produce oxygen, silicon, aluminum, and calcium. A process scheme starting with the beneficiation of the ore by magnetic separation and yielding the pure products is being developed. Simplifications in the process are possible if requirements regarding product purity and separation may be relaxed.

  9. Biotechnological hydrogen production\\

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jun Miyake; Masato Miyake; Yasuo Asada

    1999-01-01

    The study of biological hydrogen production by using photosynthetic bacteria and cyanobacteria is described based on a national R&D project in Japan. We describe here the subjects examined in the research for photosynthetic bacteria: analysis of the relationship between the penetration of light to photobioreactor and hydrogen production, genetic engineering of photosynthetic bacteria to control the pigment content for making

  10. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    -Products Utilization Wisconsin Electric Power Company Abstract High-sulfur coal ash, particularly those obtained from products incorporating large amounts of ashes generated from combustion of high-sulfur coals generated from control technologies. Fifteen high-sulfur coal ash samples were obtained from eight different sources

  11. Hydrogen production from coal

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1975-01-01

    The gasification reactions necessary for the production of hydrogen from montana subbituminous coal are presented. The coal composition is given. The gasifier types mentioned include: suspension (entrained) combustion; fluidized bed; and moving bed. Each gasification process is described. The steam-iron process, raw and product gas compositions, gasifier feed quantities, and process efficiency evaluations are also included.

  12. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    amounts of coal combustion products (CCPs), which include fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) products. In 1992, over 370 million tonnes (Mt) of fly ash and 90 Mt of bottom ash and boiler slag were produced; and, about 150 Mt (33 %) were utilized [1]. In 2000, over 59 Mt of CCPs were

  13. Household Products Database

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aimee Haley

    2005-01-01

    This column is an overview of the Household Products Database, a free resource available online from the National Library of Medicine (NLM). Search strategies, overall layout, and supportive information are detailed. The database covers products commonly found in or around the home, including cosmetics, cleaning substances, and other maintenance items.

  14. Research Productivity and Tenure.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNurlen, Brian; West, Charles K.

    This study examined research productivity over the course of the professional career and its relationship with tenure. It hypothesized that the rate of scholarly productivity does not decrease after tenure, and further, that the amount of activity of older faculty is comparable to new faculty. Data were collected from the curriculum vitae of…

  15. Oil well production testing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1992-01-01

    This patent describes an oil well tester. It includes a test vessel having an inlet through which oil well production fluid can be inducted into the test vessel to undergo gravity segregation of different phases of the production fluid; a gas removal means operatively associated with the upper-most portion of the interior of the test vessel, the gas removal means

  16. Diffractive production of mesons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schicker, Rainer

    2014-11-01

    The interest in the study of diffractive meson production is discussed. The description of diffraction within Regge phenomenology is presented, and the QCD-based understanding of diffractive processes is given. Central production is reviewed, and the corresponding main results from the COMPASS experiment and from the experiments at the ISR, RHIC, TEVATRON and LHC collider are summarised.

  17. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    -Milwaukee, P.O. Box 784, Milwaukee, WI 53201 d Project Manager, Illinois Clean Coal Institute * Director UWM products containing clean coal ash compared to conventional coal ash. Utilization of clean coal ash is much products that utilize clean coal ash. With increasing federal regulations on power plant emissions, finding

  18. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF CLEAN COAL ASH AS SETTING TIME REGULATOR IN PORTLAND OF WISCONSIN ­ MILWAUKEE #12;2 Use of Clean Coal Ash as Setting Time Regulator in Portland Cement by Zichao Wu as setting time regulator for portland cement production. In this paper a source of clean coal ash (CCA

  19. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization HIGH-STRENGTH HVFA CONCRETE CONTAINING CLEAN COAL ASH By Tarun R #12;1 HIGH-STRENGTH HVFA CONCRETE CONTAINING CLEAN COAL ASH By Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh, and Bruce for manufacture of cement-based products using ashes generated from combustion of high-sulfur coals. A clean coal

  20. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization CLEAN COAL BY-PRODUCTS UTILIZATION IN ROADWAY, EMBANKMENTS-fueled plants, particularly use of eastern coals, has lead to the use of clean coal and using advanced sulfur dioxide control technologies. Figure 1 shows clean coal technology benefits(2) . In 1977, the concept

  1. Drilling Productivity Report

    EIA Publications

    2015-01-01

    Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) new Drilling Productivity Report (DPR) takes a fresh look at oil and natural gas production, starting with an assessment of how and where drilling for hydrocarbons is taking place. The DPR uses recent data on the total number of drilling rigs in operation along with estimates of drilling productivity and estimated changes in production from existing oil and natural gas wells to provide estimated changes in oil and natural gas production for six key fields. EIA's approach does not distinguish between oil-directed rigs and gas-directed rigs because once a well is completed it may produce both oil and gas; more than half of the wells produce both.

  2. Product definition data interface

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Birchfield, B.; Downey, P.

    1984-01-01

    The development and application of advanced Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAD/CAM) technology in aerospace industry is discussed. New CAD/CAM capabilities provide the engineer and production worker with tools to produce better products and significantly improve productivity. This technology is expanding in all phases of engineering and manufacturing with large potential for improvements in productivity. The integration of CAD and CAM systematically to insure maximum utility throughout the U.S. Aerospace Industry, its large community of supporting suppliers, and the Department of Defense aircraft overhaul and repair facilities is outlined. The need for a framework for exchange of digital product definition data, which serves the function of the conventional engineering drawing is emphasized.

  3. Firewall products today

    SciTech Connect

    Cooper, S.P.

    1995-02-01

    With an increased interest in connecting to the Internet, there is a corresponding interest in protecting an organization`s network from others on the Internet. Internet firewalls help protect an organization`s network, and the increased demand for firewalls have brought about a number of freeware and commercial products. But how does someone determine the best product or service for their organization? This paper discusses things that need to be considered in deciding to build or purchase a firewall system. It discusses many of the products, features, and services that are commercially available and what components they include such as software, hardware, consulting, or a combination thereof. This paper is not an attempt to evaluate the products. The aim is to provide an awareness of what is currently available and their capabilities. An appendix gives contact information for all of the vendors whose product information was used in developing this paper.

  4. Sunscreen product formulation.

    PubMed

    Tanner, Paul R

    2006-01-01

    On the surface, sunscreen products are pretty simple. They consist of a delivery vehicle containing one or more sunscreen active ingredients. When applied to the skin, these sunscreen actives intercept solar ultraviolet (UV) rays before they can damage the underlying skin. However, while conceptually simple, a detailed analysis reveals that sunscreen formulations are quite complex, requiring careful selection of sunscreen active and vehicle components to control multiple performance and in-use parameters.Thus, to enable a better understanding and appreciation of sunscreen products, the typical steps in formulating a sunscreen product are described. Throughout this process, the key is to apply scientific principles together with a bit of formulation art to holistically create the best sunscreen product that meets the design targets--a sunscreen product that people will use regularly and properly. PMID:16311167

  5. Concrete production floating platforms

    SciTech Connect

    Letourneur, O.; Falcimaigne, J.

    1981-01-01

    The floating production platforms operating in the North Sea are adapted from drilling semisubmersibles which allow only a limited payload capacity. Experience of concrete production platforms constructed for the North Sea has led Sea Tank Co. to propose a floating platform which offers large payload and oil storage capacities similar to those of existing fixed platforms. Sea Tank Co. and Institut Francais du Petrole joined forces in early 1976 to study the feasibility of a concrete floating production platform incorporating the structure and the production riser together. The results of this 3-yr program show that the concrete floating structure is economically attractive for permanent utilization on a production site. Furthermore, concrete has definite advantages over other materials, in its long term behavior.

  6. Blue World Products: Lassoâ?¢ Product Line

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Lasso, a product of Blue World Communications, is a Macintosh-only CGI/WebStar plug-in that enables a FileMaker Pro database to be published on the web using format files. Any HTML editor can be used to create the format files. These HTML documents contain Lasso commands that determine the interaction between FileMaker Pro, the server, and Lasso. FM Link is an included application that allows for easy drag-and-drop of Lasso commands into the format files. Lasso can allow guests to add, delete, update, and search records. It also provides support for relations/portals, conditional replies, repeating fields, remote administration security, forwarding email and much more. Some examples of what can be created online are guest books, discussion forums, and catalogs. A demo version of this commercial product is available, and pricing information is listed at the site.

  7. Shielding Production: An Essential Step in Production Control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Glenn Ballard; Gregory Howell

    1997-01-01

    Effective production control systems are structured around the assignment as the unit of analysis. The quality of work assignments to production units such as construction crews and engineering squads is the key to production control and a key factor determining production unit productivity. Research has revealed that the quality of assignments can be substantially improved by forming and selecting them

  8. Versioning of printed products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tuijn, Chris

    2005-01-01

    During the definition of a printed product in an MIS system, a lot of attention is paid to the production process. The MIS systems typically gather all process-related parameters at such a level of detail that they can determine what the exact cost will be to make a specific product. This information can then be used to make a quote for the customer. Considerably less attention is paid to the content of the products since this does not have an immediate impact on the production costs (assuming that the number of inks or plates is known in advance). The content management is typically carried out either by the prepress systems themselves or by dedicated workflow servers uniting all people that contribute to the manufacturing of a printed product. Special care must be taken when considering versioned products. With versioned products we here mean distinct products that have a number of pages or page layers in common. Typical examples are comic books that have to be printed in different languages. In this case, the color plates can be shared over the different versions and the black plate will be different. Other examples are nation-wide magazines or newspapers that have an area with regional pages or advertising leaflets in different languages or currencies. When considering versioned products, the content will become an important cost factor. First of all, the content management (and associated proofing and approval cycles) becomes much more complex and, therefore, the risk that mistakes will be made increases considerably. Secondly, the real production costs are very much content-dependent because the content will determine whether plates can be shared across different versions or not and how many press runs will be needed. In this paper, we will present a way to manage different versions of a printed product. First, we will introduce a data model for version management. Next, we will show how the content of the different versions can be supplied by the customer/content provider and point out how soft proofing can be used to eliminate errors as much as possible. In the second part of the paper, we will show how the supplied information can be used to determine an optimal process plan that shows the number of plates to be generated and the press plans indicating plate changes and press runs.

  9. Versioning of printed products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Tuijn, Chris

    2004-12-01

    During the definition of a printed product in an MIS system, a lot of attention is paid to the production process. The MIS systems typically gather all process-related parameters at such a level of detail that they can determine what the exact cost will be to make a specific product. This information can then be used to make a quote for the customer. Considerably less attention is paid to the content of the products since this does not have an immediate impact on the production costs (assuming that the number of inks or plates is known in advance). The content management is typically carried out either by the prepress systems themselves or by dedicated workflow servers uniting all people that contribute to the manufacturing of a printed product. Special care must be taken when considering versioned products. With versioned products we here mean distinct products that have a number of pages or page layers in common. Typical examples are comic books that have to be printed in different languages. In this case, the color plates can be shared over the different versions and the black plate will be different. Other examples are nation-wide magazines or newspapers that have an area with regional pages or advertising leaflets in different languages or currencies. When considering versioned products, the content will become an important cost factor. First of all, the content management (and associated proofing and approval cycles) becomes much more complex and, therefore, the risk that mistakes will be made increases considerably. Secondly, the real production costs are very much content-dependent because the content will determine whether plates can be shared across different versions or not and how many press runs will be needed. In this paper, we will present a way to manage different versions of a printed product. First, we will introduce a data model for version management. Next, we will show how the content of the different versions can be supplied by the customer/content provider and point out how soft proofing can be used to eliminate errors as much as possible. In the second part of the paper, we will show how the supplied information can be used to determine an optimal process plan that shows the number of plates to be generated and the press plans indicating plate changes and press runs.

  10. Biomass production in Florida

    SciTech Connect

    Smith, W.H.; Dowd, M.L.

    1981-08-01

    Florida posseses climatic, land, and water resources favorable for abundant biomass production. Therefore, a statewide program has been initiated to determine adapted species for the available array of production sites. Plant resources under investigation include woody, aquatic, grasses, hydrocarbon, and root crop species. The goal is to produce a continuous stream of biomass for the various biofuel conversion options. Preliminary yields from energy cropping experiments range from about 10 to nearly 90 metric tons per hectare per year, depending on the crop and the production systems employed. (Refs. 15).

  11. Half-Product Codes

    E-print Network

    Emmadi, Santosh Kumar

    2014-12-11

    of product codes,” Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 54, pp. 1551–1560, April 2008. [4] H. Burton and J. Weldon, E., “Cyclic product codes,” Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on, vol. 11, pp. 433–439, Jul 1965. [5] N. Abramson, “Cascade... are greater than 0.9 [2]. These codes can be found used in the CD standard IEC-908, the CD-ROM standard ECMA-130, and in the DVD standard [3]. Product codes are useful for a variety of reasons including their burst-error cor- recting capabilities [4...

  12. Silicon production process evaluations

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    Chemical engineering analyses involving the preliminary process design of a plant (1,000 metric tons/year capacity) to produce silicon via the technology under consideration were accomplished. Major activities in the chemical engineering analyses included base case conditions, reaction chemistry, process flowsheet, material balance, energy balance, property data, equipment design, major equipment list, production labor and forward for economic analysis. The process design package provided detailed data for raw materials, utilities, major process equipment and production labor requirements necessary for polysilicon production in each process.

  13. Texas Alfalfa Production

    E-print Network

    Stichler, Charles

    1997-05-05

    With proper management, alfalfa will produce forage with the highest protein and total digestible nutrient of any hay crop. To aid in alfalfa production, this publication provides information on pre-plant factors, planting and stand establishment...

  14. Land Product Validation (LPV)

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Schaepman, Gabriela; Roman, Miguel O.

    2013-01-01

    This presentation will discuss Land Product Validation (LPV) objectives and goals, LPV structure update, interactions with other initiatives during report period, outreach to the science community, future meetings and next steps.

  15. User driven product innovation

    E-print Network

    Nair, Jayraj

    2007-01-01

    Accelerating diffusion of innovation to end users and enabling faster adoption is essential to product developers, especially in the industries having a rapid pace of innovation. The ability of innovators to engage with ...

  16. Conclusive inner product modification

    E-print Network

    Luis Roa; A. Delgado; M. L. Ladron de Guevara

    2009-08-12

    The task of changing the overlap between two quantum states can not be performed by making use of a unitary evolution only. However, by means of a unitary-reduction process it can be probabilistically modified. Here we study in detail the problem of mapping two known pure states onto other two states in such a way that the final inner product between the outcome states is different from the inner product of the initial states. In this way we design an optimal non-orthogonal quantum state preparation scheme by starting from an orthonormal basis. In this scheme the absolute value of the inner product can be reduced only probabilistically whereas it can be increased deterministically. Our analysis shows that the phases of the involved inner products play an important role in the increase of the success probability of the desired process.

  17. Labeling Organic Products

    MedlinePLUS

    ... TTB. Learn more: http://bit.ly/organic-alcohol TEXTILES. If the finished product is certified organic and ... organic and identify the percentage of organic fibers.* Textiles that meet the Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) ...

  18. Productive Unionism Matthew Dimick*

    E-print Network

    Loudon, Catherine

    implications that centralization has for economic productivity, and the ways that various labor law rules and the invitation to present at the "Reimagining Labor Law" symposium. Also, many thanks to Katherine Stone Benefits.............................................................................701 III. Labor Law

  19. Identifying Recalled Products

    MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

    ... Health and Human Services FDA U.S. Food and Drug Administration Protecting and Promoting Your Health A to ... Search FDA Submit search Popular Content Home Food Drugs Medical Devices Radiation-Emitting Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics ...

  20. The Integer Product Game

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Connected Mathematics Project 2006

    2010-05-17

    Each of two players alternately selects an integer to multiply by another given integer to color the cell of an answer that matches a product on the game board. The first student to fill four cells in a row wins.

  1. JWST science data products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Swade, Daryl; Bushouse, Howard; Greene, Gretchen; Swam, Michael

    2014-07-01

    Science data products for James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) ©observations will be generated by the Data Management Subsystem (DMS) within the JWST Science and Operations Center (S&OC) at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI). Data processing pipelines within the DMS will produce uncalibrated and calibrated exposure files, as well as higher level data products that result from combined exposures, such as mosaic images. Information to support the science observations, for example data from engineering telemetry, proposer inputs, and observation planning will be captured and incorporated into the science data products. All files will be generated in Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) format. The data products will be made available through the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST) and adhere to International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) standard data protocols.

  2. Hydrocodone Combination Products

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Other hydrocodone combination products are used to relieve cough. Hydrocodone is in a class of medications called ... and nervous system respond to pain. Hydrocodone relieves cough by decreasing activity in the part of the ...

  3. Texas Alfalfa Production 

    E-print Network

    Stichler, Charles

    1997-05-05

    With proper management, alfalfa will produce forage with the highest protein and total digestible nutrient of any hay crop. To aid in alfalfa production, this publication provides information on pre-plant factors, planting and stand establishment...

  4. Nail Care Products

    MedlinePLUS

    ... to products used at professional establishments or samples distributed free of charge. However, the requirement does apply ... Nail primers that contain MAA are most commonly distributed through wholesale suppliers to nail salons and retail ...

  5. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization PRELIMINARY DRAFT REPORT CEMENT KILN DUST (CKD) - BASED SORBENT Science THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN ­ MILWAUKEE #12;i TABLE OF CONTENTS Cement Kiln Dust (CKD) - Based ;.......................................................................................................... 4 Why Use CKD

  6. Increasing Public Library Productivity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Samuelson, Howard

    1981-01-01

    Suggests ways of improving productivity for public libraries faced with increased accountability, dwindling revenues, and continuing inflation. Techniques described include work simplification, work analysis, improved management, and employee motivation. (RAA)

  7. Production of Shale Oil 

    E-print Network

    Loper, R. D.

    1982-01-01

    Intensive pre-project feasibility and engineering studies begun in 1979 have produced an outline plan for development of a major project for production of shale oil from private lands in the Piceance Basin in western Colorado. This outline plan...

  8. Colloidal Silver Products

    MedlinePLUS

    ... be dangerous to your health. Top What the Science Says About the Safety and Side Effects of ... and commercial colloidal silver products. Top What the Science Says About the Effectiveness of Colloidal Silver Scientific ...

  9. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    -Products Utilization E-mail: ymchun@uwm.edu and F. D. Botha Project Manager, Illinois Clean Coal Institute 5776 Coal, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USA. 4 Project Manager, Illinois Clean Coal Institute

  10. Barley Production in Texas.

    E-print Network

    Dunkle, P. B. (Paul Burtch); Atkins, Irvin Milburn

    1941-01-01

    LIBRARY, A & M COLLEGE, TEXAS AG,RICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION A, B. CONNER, DIRECTOR College Station, Texas 1 BULLETIN NO. 605 SEPTEMBER 1941 1 BARLEY PRODUCTION IN TEXAS I. M. ATKINS and P. B. DUNKLE Division of Agronomy in coomration... Mildew 3 3 Summary _------- 33 BARLEY PRODUCTION IN TEXAS I. M. Atkins, Associate Agronomist, U.S.D.A., and P. B. DunkIe, Superintendent, Substation No. 6, Denton (Division of Agronomy, Texas Agricultural Experiment Station, anil Bureau of Plant...

  11. West Coast drilling, production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rintoul

    1966-01-01

    Oil production in California in 1965 rose from an average of 830,015 bpd at the beginning of the year to a peak of more than 900,000 bpd. Sometime within the next 5 yr, no later than 1970, oil producers will post an all-time high for California production in excess of the 1,000,013 bpd record set in 1953. On the national

  12. Spectra and strangeness production

    SciTech Connect

    Miake, Yasuo.

    1990-01-01

    Particle production ({pi}{sup {plus minus}}, K{sup {plus minus}} and p{sup {plus minus}}) has been measured in p + A and Si + A reactions using the E802 spectrometer. The comparison of the particle production (rapidity distributions, momentum distributions, and the integrated yields ratios) between p + Be, p + Au and central Si + Au collisions and the effects of rescattering is discussed. 14 refs., 6 figs.

  13. Ethanol production from lignocellulose

    DOEpatents

    Ingram, Lonnie O. (Gainesville, FL); Wood, Brent E. (Gainesville, FL)

    2001-01-01

    This invention presents a method of improving enzymatic degradation of lignocellulose, as in the production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, through the use of ultrasonic treatment. The invention shows that ultrasonic treatment reduces cellulase requirements by 1/3 to 1/2. With the cost of enzymes being a major problem in the cost-effective production of ethanol from lignocellulosic material, this invention presents a significant improvement over presently available methods.

  14. Interdependence in worker productivity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joshua Herries; Daniel I. Rees; Jeffrey S. Zax

    2003-01-01

    This paper investigates interactions between co-worker productivity levels in a rich empirical context. Workers have unambiguous output measures, compensation that depends on individual and group output to differing degrees and potential peers beyond their immediate work group. Important productivity interdependencies exist, which could arise from the group-based component of compensation, peer pressure, common supervisors or information exchanges, but not group-based

  15. Fusion product spectra

    SciTech Connect

    Talley, T.L.; Hale, G.M.

    1988-01-01

    Accurate fusion product data is required for most fusion plasma simulations. The energy broadening of reaction products is demonstrated to be more complicated than the usual Gaussian broadening. The accurate integrals are performed to obtain , , and for all binary reactions in the four- and five-nucleon systems. Reaction cross sections were developed using R-Matrix models that include most recent measurements.

  16. Food Product Dating

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Administrative Forms Standard Forms Skip Navigation Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H1 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... / Topics / ... Food Product Dating / Food Product Dating Z7_0Q0619C0JGR010IFST1G5B10H3 Web Content Viewer (JSR 286) Actions ${title} Loading... Z7_ ...

  17. Ethyl Alcohol Production.

    E-print Network

    O'Neal, Henry

    1981-01-01

    160 140 120 100 80 Cooking Period Add corn and liquefying enzyme. Begin heating water. Begin heat exchanger water flow. Add sulphuric acid. Stop heat exchanger water. Add saccharifying enzyme and yeast. 60... Corn and grain sorghum are the main feedstocks used for alcohol production at the Texas A&M plant. The steps in production vary depending on the brand of enzymes used. Each enzyme manufacturer has slightly different temperature and water...

  18. ON UNIVERSAL PRODUCTS Roland Speicher

    E-print Network

    Speicher, Roland

    - sponding q-product. Here we want to show that no such universal construction can exist. Namely, af- ter additional example of a universal product, namely the boolean product [vWa,Boz,SpW,Sch]. SchON UNIVERSAL PRODUCTS Roland Speicher Abstract. We de#12;ne a universal product by the requirements

  19. The Economics of Product Safety

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Walter Y. Oi

    1973-01-01

    The report of the National Commission on Product Safety stated that the American public is being exposed to many unreasonably hazardous products. Further, the post-accident remedies to compensate victims of product-related accidents are inadequate and encourage the continued production of unsafe products. It is believed that a shift in assignment of liability for accident costs from consumers to sellers would

  20. Interproject improvement in product development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marc Antoni; Lars Nilsson-Witell; Jens J. Dahlgaard

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – Product development projects can be utilized to create not only new products or services but also competitively important capabilities on how to work with product development. The resulting capabilities can be, and often are, as important as the product itself. Although there is potential for an organization to improve product development performance, most organizations can learn even more

  1. Individuals in product development : interactions with teams and products

    E-print Network

    Castro, João Nuno Lopes

    2010-01-01

    This dissertation focuses on how individuals involved in complex product development operate and interact with other people in the project and how they perceive and modify the product. Complex product development requires ...

  2. Universal Product Design: Transforming User Activity Into Product Function 

    E-print Network

    Kostovich, Vincent

    2010-07-14

    model for each product in the product pair were the design tools used for this comparison. User activities were used to cluster product function changes. In addition, design changes such as functional, morphological and parametric were identified between...

  3. Productivity prediction model based on Bayesian analysis and productivity console 

    E-print Network

    Yun, Seok Jun

    2005-08-29

    in poor planning and defies effective control of time and budgets in project management. In this research, we have built a productivity prediction model which uses productivity data from an ongoing project to reevaluate the initial productivity estimate...

  4. Material and Energy Productivity

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Resource productivity, measured as GDP output per resource input, is a widespread sustainability indicator combining economic and environmental information. Resource productivity is ubiquitous, from the IPAT identity to the analysis of dematerialization trends and policy goals. High resource productivity is interpreted as the sign of a resource-efficient, and hence more sustainable, economy. Its inverse, resource intensity (resource per GDP) has the reverse behavior, with higher values indicating environmentally inefficient economies. In this study, we investigate the global systematic relationship between material, energy and carbon productivities, and economic activity. We demonstrate that different types of materials and energy exhibit fundamentally different behaviors, depending on their international income elasticities of consumption. Biomass is completely inelastic, whereas fossil fuels tend to scale proportionally with income. Total materials or energy, as aggregates, have intermediate behavior, depending on the share of fossil fuels and other elastic resources. We show that a small inelastic share is sufficient for the total resource productivity to be significantly correlated with income. Our analysis calls into question the interpretation of resource productivity as a sustainability indicator. We conclude with suggestions for potential alternatives. PMID:21210661

  5. Design of product development systems

    E-print Network

    Aguirre Granados, Adrian

    2008-01-01

    The development of successful new products in less time and using fewer resources is key to the financial success of most consumer product companies. In this thesis we have studied the development of new products and how ...

  6. Adding Value to Agricultural Products 

    E-print Network

    Anderson, David P.; Hanselka, Daniel

    2009-06-01

    You can significantly increase farm income by adding value to agricultural products and marketing those products effectively. This publication explains how to design a value-added product based on consumer preferences and how to build a business...

  7. PESTICIDE PRODUCT INFORMATION SYSTEM (PPIS)

    EPA Science Inventory

    The Pesticide Product Information System (PPIS) contains information concerning all pesticide products registered in the United States. It includes registrant name and address, chemical ingredients, toxicity category, product names, distributor brand names, site/pest uses, pestic...

  8. Multi-Period Production Capacity Planning for Integrated Product and Production System Design*

    E-print Network

    Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"

    Multi-Period Production Capacity Planning for Integrated Product and Production System Design* Emre.ac.uk kazu@umich.edu .Abstract ­ This paper presents a simulation-based method to aid multi-period production Allocation, Product-Process Design, Genetic Algorithms I. INTRODUCTION With the increased number of players

  9. Optimized Product Quantization.

    PubMed

    Ge, Tiezheng; He, Kaiming; Ke, Qifa; Sun, Jian

    2013-12-01

    Product quantization (PQ) is an effective vector quantization method. A product quantizer can generate an exponentially large codebook at very low memory/time cost. The essence of PQ is to decompose the high-dimensional vector space into the Cartesian product of subspaces and then quantize these subspaces separately. The optimal space decomposition is important for the PQ performance, but still remains an unaddressed issue. In this paper, we optimize PQ by minimizing quantization distortions \\wrt the space decomposition and the quantization codebooks. We present two novel solutions to this challenging optimization problem. The first solution iteratively solves two simpler sub-problems. The second solution is based on a Gaussian assumption and provides theoretical analysis of the optimality. We evaluate our optimized product quantizers in three applications: (i) compact encoding for exhaustive ranking \\cite{Jegou2011a}, (ii) building inverted multi-indexing for non-exhaustive search \\cite{Babenko2012}, and (iii) compacting image representations for image retrieval \\cite{Jegou2010a}. In all applications our optimized product quantizers outperform existing solutions. PMID:24323879

  10. Application of manufactured products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sastri, Sankar; Duke, Michael B.

    A wide range of products can be manufactured from the following materials: (1) lunar regolith or basalt; (2) regolith or rock beneficiated to concentrate plagioclase or other minerals; (3) iron, extracted from lunar soil or rocks by various means; (4) naturally occurring or easily obtained materials that have cementitious properties; and (5) byproducts of the above materials. Among the products that can be produced from these materials are the following: beams; plates and sheets; transparent plates (windows); bricks and blocks; pipes and tubes; low-density materials (foams); fiber, wire, and cables; foils and reflective coatings; hermetic seals (coatings); and formed objects. In addition to oxygen, which can be obtained by several processes, either from unbeneficiated regolith or by reduction of concentrated ilmenite, these materials make the simplest requirements of the lunar resource extraction system. A thorough analysis of the impact of these simplest products on the economics of space operations is not possible at this point. Research is necessary both to define optimum techniques and adapt them to space and to determine the probable market for the products so that the priority of various processes can be assessed. Discussions of the following products are presented: aerobraking heat shields; pressurized habitats; lunar photovoltaic farms; and agricultural systems.

  11. Application of manufactured products

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sastri, Sankar; Duke, Michael B.

    1992-01-01

    A wide range of products can be manufactured from the following materials: (1) lunar regolith or basalt; (2) regolith or rock beneficiated to concentrate plagioclase or other minerals; (3) iron, extracted from lunar soil or rocks by various means; (4) naturally occurring or easily obtained materials that have cementitious properties; and (5) byproducts of the above materials. Among the products that can be produced from these materials are the following: beams; plates and sheets; transparent plates (windows); bricks and blocks; pipes and tubes; low-density materials (foams); fiber, wire, and cables; foils and reflective coatings; hermetic seals (coatings); and formed objects. In addition to oxygen, which can be obtained by several processes, either from unbeneficiated regolith or by reduction of concentrated ilmenite, these materials make the simplest requirements of the lunar resource extraction system. A thorough analysis of the impact of these simplest products on the economics of space operations is not possible at this point. Research is necessary both to define optimum techniques and adapt them to space and to determine the probable market for the products so that the priority of various processes can be assessed. Discussions of the following products are presented: aerobraking heat shields; pressurized habitats; lunar photovoltaic farms; and agricultural systems.

  12. Technology's Impact on Production

    SciTech Connect

    Rachel Amann; Ellis Deweese; Deborah Shipman

    2009-06-30

    As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Energy (DOE) - entitled Technology's Impact on Production: Developing Environmental Solutions at the State and National Level - the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has been tasked with assisting state governments in the effective, efficient, and environmentally sound regulation of the exploration and production of natural gas and crude oil, specifically in relation to orphaned and abandoned wells and wells nearing the end of productive life. Project goals include: (1) Developing (a) a model framework for prioritization and ranking of orphaned or abandoned well sites; (b) a model framework for disbursement of Energy Policy Act of 2005 funding; and (c) a research study regarding the current status of orphaned wells in the nation. (2) Researching the impact of new technologies on environmental protection from a regulatory perspective. Research will identify and document (a) state reactions to changing technology and knowledge; (b) how those reactions support state environmental conservation and public health; and (c) the impact of those reactions on oil and natural gas production. (3) Assessing emergent technology issues associated with wells nearing the end of productive life. Including: (a) location of orphaned and abandoned well sites; (b) well site remediation; (c) plugging materials; (d) plug placement; (e) the current regulatory environment; and (f) the identification of emergent technologies affecting end of life wells. New Energy Technologies - Regulating Change, is the result of research performed for Tasks 2 and 3.

  13. New Product Launching Ideas

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kiruthika, E.

    2012-09-01

    Launching a new product can be a tense time for a small or large business. There are those moments when you wonder if all of the work done to develop the product will pay off in revenue, but there are many things are can do to help increase the likelihood of a successful product launch. An open-minded consumer-oriented approach is imperative in todayís diverse global marketplace so a firm can identify and serve its target market, minimize dissatisfaction, and stay ahead of competitors. Final consumers purchase for personal, family, or household use. Finally, the kind of information that the marketing team needs to provide customers in different buying situations. In high-involvement decisions, the marketer needs to provide a good deal of information about the positive consequences of buying. The sales force may need to stress the important attributes of the product, the advantages compared with the competition; and maybe even encourage ìtrialî or ìsamplingî of the product in the hope of securing the sale. The final stage is the post-purchase evaluation of the decision. It is common for customers to experience concerns after making a purchase decision. This arises from a concept that is known as ìcognitive dissonance

  14. Biofuels feedstock production overview

    SciTech Connect

    Wright, L.L.

    1991-01-01

    Research funded by the US DOE over the past 12 years has shown that woody and herbaceous crops have high potential as feedstocks for production of electricity and liquid fuels. Much of this research has been conducted through the coordinated research programs of Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Solar Energy Research Institute. The crops showing the most promise for economically viable feedstock production are fast growing trees and herbaceous crops such as perennial grasses, tropical grasses and sorghum. As more land is removed from food and fodder production, energy crops could become an important part of the agricultural landscape. Past research has raised the productivity of energy crops to 2 to 5 times that obtained from harvesting natural forest systems, and aggressive research into genetic engineering should raise the yield even higher. The current challenge of feedstock production is to continue to increase the yields and reduce costs while producing a technology that meets the highest standards of environmental acceptability. 17 figs., 6 tabs. (MHB)

  15. Biotechnological production of colorants.

    PubMed

    de Boer, Lex

    2014-01-01

    The color of food and drinks is important, as it is associated with freshness and taste. Despite that natural colorants are more expensive to produce, less stable to heat and light, and less consistent in color range, natural colorants have been gaining market share in recent years. The background is that artificial colorants are often associated with negative health aspects. Considerable progress has been made towards the fermentative production of some colorants. Because colorant biosynthesis is under close metabolic control, extensive strain and process development are needed in order to establish an economical production process. Another approach is the synthesis of colors by means of biotransformation of adequate precursors. Algae represent a promising group of microorganisms that have shown a high potential for the production of different colorants, and dedicated fermentation and downstream technologies have been developed. This chapter reviews the available information with respect to these approaches. PMID:24037500

  16. [Cosmetic products : Safety aspects].

    PubMed

    Platzek, T; Krätke, R; Schulz, C

    2010-06-01

    The safety of cosmetic products is ensured primarily by the manufacturer. In addition, a set of regulatory elements is effective to exclude the use of hazardous ingredients in cosmetics. In addition to the ban of certain compounds, limitations and use restrictions are compiled in annexes of the directive. In the future, major changes in the safety assessment of cosmetic ingredients are expected considering the ban of animal experiments. The present high level of consumer protection must be maintained; furthermore, innovations should be put into practice without unacceptable risks for the consumer. The new EU regulation on cosmetic products shall be directly applicable in all member states. Finally, two examples for a risk assessment of cosmetic ingredients are presented: diethylene glycol in tooth paste and boric acid in lip care products. PMID:20464352

  17. Department of Product and Production Development chalmers university of technology

    E-print Network

    Lemurell, Stefan

    , Sweden 2012 Consideration of anthropometric diversity ­ Methods for virtual product and production development erik brolin #12;THESIS FOR THE DEGREE OF LICENTIATE OF ENGINEERING Consideration of anthropometric of anthropometric diversity ­ Methods for virtual product and production development ERIK BROLIN © Erik Brolin, 2012

  18. 15 Software Product Line Engineering with the UML: Deriving Products

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    15 Software Product Line Engineering with the UML: Deriving Products T. Ziadi and J.-M. Jézéquel Abstract Software product line engineering introduces two new dimensions into the traditional engineering of software-based systems: the variability modeling and the product derivation. The variability gathers

  19. Product Model Derivation by Model Transformation in Software Product Lines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Rasha Tawhid; Dorina C. Petriu

    2011-01-01

    Product derivation is an essential part of the Software Product Line (SPL) development process. The paper proposes a model transformation for deriving automatically a UML model of a specific product from the UML model of a product line. This work is a part of a larger project aiming to integrate performance analysis in the SPL model-driven development. The SPL source

  20. Improving designer productivity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Hill, Gary C.

    1992-01-01

    Designer and design team productivity improves with skill, experience, and the tools available. The design process involves numerous trials and errors, analyses, refinements, and addition of details. Computerized tools have greatly speeded the analysis, and now new theories and methods, emerging under the label Artificial Intelligence (AI), are being used to automate skill and experience. These tools improve designer productivity by capturing experience, emulating recognized skillful designers, and making the essence of complex programs easier to grasp. This paper outlines the aircraft design process in today's technology and business climate, presenting some of the challenges ahead and some of the promising AI methods for meeting those challenges.

  1. 5.OA Comparing Products

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Leo and Silvia are looking at the following problem: How does the product of $60 \\times 225$ compare to the product of $30 \\times 225$? Silvia says she...

  2. Medical Products Research

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1982-01-01

    Ventrex Laboratories, Inc. develops, manufactures and markets a line of medical diagnostic assays based on biochemical techniques, in particular immunochemical techniques. Their products are sold worldwide to hospitals and medical laboratories for use in testing blood samples and other biological fluids. Analysis of a patient's body fluids, compared with normal values, aids a physician in confirming or otherwise diagnosing a suspected disease condition. NERAC's rapid information retrieval has provided Ventrex invaluable up-to-date information, and has permitted large scale savings. NERAC's service was particularly important in the development of a new product in the company's Ventre/Sep line, which is used in radioimmunoassays.

  3. Time and production systems

    SciTech Connect

    Salter, R.M.

    1981-12-01

    The utility of rule based production systems seems to be in the ability to model domains consisting of independent states and actions, in which process interaction is minimal. This methodology is suitable for domains outside of the realm of human information processing, in particular, in representing domains of continuous processes. We apply it to the design of a world modeling system, where objects and relationships are observed over time. We consider the effects of embedding time into a rule based system, where individual productions represent instantaneous events which are grouped together to form processes. We illustrate by discussing a particular implementation, the language CONCUR.

  4. Multi-boson production

    SciTech Connect

    Mastrandrea, Paolo; /Fermilab

    2010-09-01

    The studies of the diboson production in p{bar p} collisions at 1.96 TeV performed by CDF and D0 collaborations at the Tevatron collider are reported in this paper. The diboson events are identified by means of both leptonic and semi-leptonic final states. The presented results use different statistical samples collected by the Tevatron up to 4.8 fb{sup -1}. Measured production cross sections are in good agreement with Standard Model predictions and the limits on the anomalous triple gauge boson couplings are competitive with those measured by experiments at the Large Electron-Positron collider (LEP).

  5. Labour Productivity Superstatistics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aoyama, H.; Yoshikawa, H.; Iyetomi, H.; Fujiwara, Y.

    We discuss superstatistics theory of labour productivity.Productivity distribution across workers, firms and industrial sectors are studied empirically and found to obey power-distributions, in sharp contrast to the equilibrium theories of mainstream economics. The Pareto index is found to decrease with the level of aggregation, i.e., from workers to firms and to industrial sectors. In order to explain these phenomenological laws, we propose a superstatistics framework, where the role of the fluctuating temperature is played by the fluctuating demand.

  6. Crop Production: Annual Summary

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) (described in the June 4, 1998 Scout Report for Business and Economics) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has recently released the annual summary of US crop production. Available in text or .pdf format, the summary contains "annual US data for acreage, yield, and production by crop." In addition to statistical tables, the report includes reviews of crop progress and the weather in 1998. Reports from 1995-98 are also available in text format only.

  7. Designer-moderated product design

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Tarasewich; Suresh K. Nair

    2001-01-01

    A well-designed product can provide a firm with a competitive advantage that will enable it to achieve a higher market share and increased profits. Conjoint analysis procedures are often used for product design. Numerous methods have been developed to take conjoint data and produce optimal or near-optimal product designs. But conjoint analysis, while significantly contributing to the product design process,

  8. Productivity Trends in Intercity Trucking

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnes, Richard B.

    1974-01-01

    Productivity trends indicate intercity trucking productivity increased an average 2.7 percent a year, a fairly uniform increased productivity rate but substantially lower as compared to air carrier, railroad, and pipeline transportation. Factors affecting productivity are gradual introduction of technological innovation, larger capacity trucks,…

  9. The genealogy of lean production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthias Holweg

    2007-01-01

    Lean production not only successfully challenged the accepted mass production practices in the automotive industry, significantly shifting the trade-off between productivity and quality, but it also led to a rethinking of a wide range of manufacturing and service operations beyond the high-volume repetitive manufacturing environment. The book ‘The machine that changed the World’ that introduced the term ‘lean production’ in

  10. Gender, Children and Research Productivity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Steven Stack

    2004-01-01

    The “productivity puzzle,” or gender gap in research productivity, is often thought to be due, in part, to gendered child care responsibilities. The time, energy, and money devoted to child-rearing can reduce the research productivity of scholars, especially women. However, there is little systematic research on this issue. The present study contributes to the literature by exploring the productivity puzzle

  11. Measuring HPC Productivity* Stuart Faulk

    E-print Network

    Porter, Adam

    Measuring HPC Productivity* Stuart Faulk University of Oregon faulk@cs.uoregon.edu John Gustafson-performance computing (HPC) productivity is finding better ways to measure it. We define productivity in terms for assessing or predicting such end-to-end productivity. In this paper we introduce a new approach to measuring

  12. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    to expand its use in many other types of construction (e.g., pavements, parking lots, industrial facility Aggregate and Concrete), 214 (Evaluation of Results of Tests Used to Determine the Strength of Concrete tonnes of coal-combustion products (CCPs) are generated each year (2001) in the USA [2]. The overall

  13. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    -product of combustion from wood-fired boilers, at a typical paper mills and other wood burning facilities. Approximately or species of trees/wood, method and manner of combustion, efficiency of the boiler, and other supplementary fuel used with wood. #12;2 Many different sources of wood ash from USA and Canada were tested. They had

  14. Gluconic acid production.

    PubMed

    Anastassiadis, Savas; Morgunov, Igor G

    2007-01-01

    Gluconic acid, the oxidation product of glucose, is a mild neither caustic nor corrosive, non toxic and readily biodegradable organic acid of great interest for many applications. As a multifunctional carbonic acid belonging to the bulk chemicals and due to its physiological and chemical characteristics, gluconic acid itself, its salts (e.g. alkali metal salts, in especially sodium gluconate) and the gluconolactone form have found extensively versatile uses in the chemical, pharmaceutical, food, construction and other industries. Present review article presents the comprehensive information of patent bibliography for the production of gluconic acid and compares the advantages and disadvantages of known processes. Numerous manufacturing processes are described in the international bibliography and patent literature of the last 100 years for the production of gluconic acid from glucose, including chemical and electrochemical catalysis, enzymatic biocatalysis by free or immobilized enzymes in specialized enzyme bioreactors as well as discontinuous and continuous fermentation processes using free growing or immobilized cells of various microorganisms, including bacteria, yeast-like fungi and fungi. Alternatively, new superior fermentation processes have been developed and extensively described for the continuous and discontinuous production of gluconic acid by isolated strains of yeast-like mold Aureobasidium pullulans, offering numerous advantages over the traditional discontinuous fungi processes. PMID:19075839

  15. Mathematical software production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. R. Cowell; L. D. Fosdick

    1977-01-01

    Locally constructed collections of mathematical routines are gradually being replaced by mathematical software that has been produced for broad dissemination and use. The process of producing such software begins with algorithmic analysis, and proceeds through software construction and documentation to extensive testing and, finally, to distribution and support of the software products. These are demanding and costly activities which require

  16. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    In the last few decades, industrial by-products such as fly ash, blast-furnace slag, and silica fume have been cement consisting of portland cement, granulated blast-furnace slag, and fly ash (PC-SL- FA system- SL-SF (portland cement, blast-furnace slag, and silica fume) and PC-FA-SF (portland cement, fly ash

  17. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    ); 232, Fly Ash and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete; and 555, Concrete with Recycled Materials. He is alsoCenter for By-Products Utilization CO2 SEQUESTRATION IN NON-AIR ENTRAINED CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete, Poland, May 27 - June 1, 2007. Department of Civil Engineering

  18. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    -Strength Materials (CLSM); 232, Fly Ash and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete; and 555, Concrete with Recycled MaterialsCenter for By-Products Utilization SHRINKAGE OF CONCRETE WITH AND WITHOUT FLY ASH By Tarun R. Naik Pozzolans in Concrete, Poland, May - June 2007. Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics College

  19. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization CONCRETE CONTAINING RECYCLED FIBERS FROM PULP AND PAPER MILLS.; Chun, Y.; and Kraus, R. N. Concrete Containing Recycled Fibers From Pulp and Paper Mills 1 Concrete in strength. #12;Naik, T. R.; Chun, Y.; and Kraus, R. N. Concrete Containing Recycled Fibers From Pulp

  20. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    -air entrained concrete could be made highly resistant to FT with the use of the recycled fibrous residuals fromCenter for By-Products Utilization RECYCLING OF PULP AND PAPER MILL RESIDUALS TO INCREASE FREEZING AND THAWING DURABILITY OF CONCRETE PAVEMENTS By Tarun R. Naik, Yoon-moon Chun, and Rudolph N. Kraus Report No

  1. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization IN-SITU RECYCLING OF DETERIORATED ASPHALT CONCRETE FOR NEW-Situ Recycling of Deteriorated Asphalt Concrete For New Pavement Base Courses Bruce W. Ramme Haifang Wen Tarun R; and 555, Concrete with Recycled Materials. He was also Chairman of the ASCE Technical Committee

  2. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Committee 555, Concrete with Recycled Materials. He is also a member of ACI Board Advisory CommitteeCenter for By-Products Utilization COAL-COMBUSTION BOTTOM ASH FOR REDUCING SHRINKAGE OF CONCRETE at the Jean Pera symposium during the Ninth CANMET/ACI International Conference on Recent Advances in Concrete

  3. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    , Fly Ash and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete; and 555, Concrete with Recycled Materials. He is alsoCenter for By-Products Utilization USE OF FBC ASH AND PONDED COAL-ASH IN READY-MIXED CONCRETE on Recent Advances in Concrete Technology, Montreal, Canada, May 31-June 3, 2006. Department of Civil

  4. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    ; and 555, Concrete with Recycled Materials. He is also a member of ACI Board Advisory CommitteeCenter for By-Products Utilization PERFORMANCE OF CEMENTITIOUS MATERIALS IN CONCRETE WITH SHRINKAGE Conference on Superplasticizers and other Chemical Admixtures in Concrete, Sorrento, ITALY, October 29

  5. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Pozzolans in Concrete; 555, Concrete with Recycled Materials; and a member of the ACI Board AdvisoryCenter for By-Products Utilization SUSTAINABILITY OF CEMENT AND CONCRETE INDUSTRIES By Tarun R Concrete Opportunities, July 2005, Dundee, Scotland. Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics College

  6. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    ; and 555, Concrete with Recycled Materials. He is also a member of ACI Board Advisory CommitteeCenter for By-Products Utilization EFFECT OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF AGGREGATES ON SHRINKAGE IN CONCRETE/ACI International Conference on Superplasticizers and other Chemical Admixtures in Concrete, Sorrento, ITALY

  7. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization ENVIRONMENTAL-FRIENDLY DURABLE CONCRETE MADE WITH RECYCLED-Friendly Durable Concrete Made with Recycled Materials for Sustainable Concrete Construction By Tarun R. Naik MATERIALS FOR SUSTAINABLE CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION By Tarun R. Naik and Giacomo Moriconi Report No. CBU-2005

  8. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    , Concrete with Recycled Materials. Yoon-moon Chun is a postdoctoral fellow at the UWM-CBU. His researchCenter for By-Products Utilization PAPER INDUSTRY FIBROUS RESIDUALS IN CONCRETE AND CLSM By Tarun R Fibrous Residuals in Concrete and CLSM Tarun R. Naik1 , Yoon-moon Chun2 , and Rudolph N. Kraus3 1 Director

  9. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization RECYCLED MATERIALS IN CONCRETE INDUSTRY By Tarun R. Naik-consumer activities along with their possible recycling for the utilization in concrete industry. These by, plastics, glass, recycled concrete pavements for aggregates, recycled asphalt pavement for asphalt

  10. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Committees 555, Concrete with Recycled Materials; 232, Fly Ash and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete; 229, CLSMCenter for By-Products Utilization CURING TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON HIGH-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE By Tarun For presentation and publication at the symposium entitled "High-Performance Concrete and Concrete for Marine

  11. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    of recycled or recyclable materials, and use less energy and resources. High performance cements and concreteCenter for By-Products Utilization ENVIRONMENTAL-FRIENDLY CONCRETE WITH INDUSTRIAL AND POST and Applied Science THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN ­ MILWAUKEE #12;1 Environmental-Friendly Concrete

  12. Product Catalog Receiver Chipsets

    E-print Network

    Berns, Hans-Gerd

    weapon systems, ammunition, life support and commercial aircraft. Performance characteristics listed;6 A Wide Range of Quality Products u-blox develops and delivers positioning technology providing superior Accessories Support & Training #12;7 u-blox develops and delivers positioning technology providing superior

  13. Chemicals and Allied Products.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, R. F.; Hovious, J. C.

    1978-01-01

    Presents a literature review of wastes from chemical industry, covering publications of 1976-77. This review covers: (1) wastewater treatment by-product type; (2) biological, and physical/chemical treatments; and (3) source treatment. A list of 80 references is also presented. (HM)

  14. Measuring Multifactor Productivity Growth

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anita Wölfl; Dana Hajkova

    2007-01-01

    This paper quantifies and examines the contribution of capital, labour and multifactor productivity (MFP) to GDP growth and analyses the role of measurement of capital and labour inputs for the MFP estimate, using a comprehensive growth accounting exercise for 14 OECD countries. For most OECD countries, the strongest contributions to GDP growth over the past decade have come from growth

  15. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    installed at a boiler was composed of a circulating fluidized bed boiler. The boiler was designed to operate and bottom ash generated, low amounts of cement, and high water-to-cementitious ratios to produce flowable, in order to meet the ASTM requirements and other qualities that are needed for masonry products, testing

  16. Research Network Product Development

    E-print Network

    Berlin,Technische Universität

    cluster for the complete e-mobility value chain #12;E-Mobility Research Network Product Development and Mechatronics Prof. Dr.-Ing Dietmar Göhlich Dipl.-Ing Felix Spangenberg 7 Portfolio 04/2011 Prof. Dr. Helmut Göhlich Dipl.-Ing Felix Spangenberg 8 Portfolio 04/2011 Prof. Peter STRASSER Chair: ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY

  17. Microbial hyaluronic acid production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barrie Fong Chong; Lars M. Blank; Richard Mclaughlin; Lars K. Nielsen

    2005-01-01

    sHyaluronic acid (HA) is a commercially valuable medical biopolymer increasingly produced through microbial fermentation. Viscosity limits product yield and the focus of research and development has been on improving the key quality parameters, purity and molecular weight. Traditional strain and process optimisation has yielded significant improvements, but appears to have reached a limit. Metabolic engineering is providing new opportunities and

  18. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    clay bricks. Based upon previous test data collected from other sources of coal ash, wood ash, and combined coal and wood ash, the Prince Albert ash could be used as a partial replacement of aggregates andCenter for By-Products Utilization EVALUATION OF PRINCE ALBERT MILL ASH AS A POTENTIAL SOURCE

  19. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    and for highly stressed precast members, or for prestressed and post- tensioned members in North AmericaCenter for By-Products Utilization EVALUATION OF HIGH STRENGTH CONCRETE BY THE BREAK-OFF METHOD. Reference: Naik, T.R., Salameh, A., "Evaluation of High Strength Concrete by the Break-Off Method

  20. HMI Magnetic Field Products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hoeksema, Jon T.; HMI Magnetic Field Team

    2013-07-01

    The Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) on SDO has measured magnetic field, velocity, and intensity in the photosphere over the full disk continuously since May 2010 with arc-second resolution. Scalar images are measured every 45 seconds. From these basic observables the pipeline automatically identifies and tracks active regions on the solar disk. The vector magnetic field and a variety of summary quantities are determined every 720s in these tracked Space-weather HMI Active Region Patches (SHARPS). Synoptic and synchronic maps are constructed daily and after each Carrington Rotation Most data products are available with definitive scientific calibration after a few day deal at and in a quick-look near-real-time version a few minutes after the observations are made. Uncertainties are determined for the derived products. All of the magnetic field products along with movies and images suitable for browsing are available at http:://Hmi.stanford.edu/magnetic. Other products, e.g. coronal field over active regions, can be computed on demand.

  1. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    , its constituent materials and uses, foundry by-products, and leachate characteristics of fly ash, and uses. The third part includes a review of methods of leaching, and works performed on leachate testing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 3.4 USES FOR SLURRY. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 CHAPTER 4 LEACHATE STUDIES 4.1 METHODS

  2. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    : Beneficial Use Methods for By-Products Based Upon Characterization Category ........13 Table 2: Leachate...............................................................................14 Table 3: Leachate Analysis of Dredged Materials from Milwaukee Harbor.................................15 Table 4: Leachate Analysis NR 538 Categories of Dredged Materials from Milwaukee Harbor 16 Table 5

  3. Models for Products

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Speiser, Bob; Walter, Chuck

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores how models can support productive thinking. For us a model is a "thing", a tool to help make sense of something. We restrict attention to specific models for whole-number multiplication, hence the wording of the title. They support evolving thinking in large measure through the ways their users redesign them. They assume new…

  4. Isolated prompt photon production

    SciTech Connect

    Berger, E.L. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Guo, Xiaofeng [Columbia Univ., New York, NY (United States). Physics Dept.; Qiu, Jianwei [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

    1997-08-15

    We show that the conventionally defined partonic cross section for the production of isolated prompt photons is not an infrared safe quantity. We work out the case of e{sup +}e{sup -} {yields} {gamma} + X in detail, and we discuss implications for hadron reactions such as p{bar p} {yields} {gamma} + X.

  5. Worldwide Production of Blackberries

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    A survey of blackberry production conducted in 2005 found that an estimated 20,035 ha of blackberries were planted and commercially cultivated worldwide, a 45% increase from estimated area in 1995. In Europe, 7692 ha of black berries were commercially cultivated with Serbia accounting for 69% of the...

  6. HISPANIC DAIRY PRODUCTS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Hispanic-style cheeses and other dairy products are increasing in popularity in the U.S., prompting research into the chemical basis for their characteristics. Variations in Hispanic-style cheeses arise from differences in their processing parameters, which allow the properties of the cheese to ran...

  7. Product lines of theorems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Benjamin Delaware; William Cook; Don Batory

    2011-01-01

    Mechanized proof assistants are powerful verification tools, but proof development can be difficult and time-consuming. When verifying a family of related programs, the effort can be reduced by proof reuse. In this paper, we show how to engineer product lines with theorems and proofs built from feature modules. Each module contains proof fragments which are composed together to build a

  8. Fixing Maintenance Productivity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fickes, Michael

    2003-01-01

    Describes how one university's facility managers use Nextel communications technology in conjunction with a Famis Software maintenance management system to improve the productivity of its maintenance technicians. The system uses a wireless Internet connection to automate the flow of work order information to and from technicians. The key to these…

  9. Organic watermelon production systems

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The increasing perception by consumers that organic food tastes better and is healthier continues to expand the demand for organically produced crops. Research investigating certified organic production requires a systems approach to determine the optimum combination of individual components to max...

  10. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    sludge, discarded tires, wood processing waste, etc.) as well as selected consumer waste materials including glass and plastic bottles, cans, yard waste, composting (garden wastes), etc. The database has of information from sources of waste materials to markets for products made from recycled materials to recycling

  11. Agrometeorology and cotton production

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Cotton is a deciduous, indeterminate perennial plant that is cultivated as an annual in modern production systems. While the amount of time that the ambient air temperature remains within an optimum range (approximately 15.5 to 32.2 degrees C) is a principal factor determining the pace of cotton gr...

  12. MAIL DISTRIBUTION MAIL PRODUCTION

    E-print Network

    from the US Postal Service through qualification and purchase of a special non-profit organization for organizations or individuals other than the University is illegal and jeopardizes use of the special non-profit of the University non-profit permit. 3. All bulk mailings must be coordinated with Mail Production at the earliest

  13. Increasing Productivity at Saturn

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Earl Long; Amit Misra; Janos Sztipanovits

    1998-01-01

    To remain competitive, manufacturing enterprises must increase and simultaneously reduce costs. This requires daily and long term examination and analysis of a plant's functions and operations. Using this data, an enterprise can identify production flow bottlenecks and analyze capacity and other factors, which in turn helps identify improvement opportunities. While such information is critical, it is often a challenge to

  14. Innovating blackberry production system

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This article provides an overview of progress made on the blackberry production system at the Appalachian Fruit Research Station in Kearneysville, WV. Several lines of research have made a significant positive impact to the blackberry industry as the new technology has have been successfully transf...

  15. Production of Shale Oil

    E-print Network

    Loper, R. D.

    1982-01-01

    in detail later. Des~~~ed to be first in production is the Union Oil ProJect, which is really a complete shale oil produ:t~on facility on a near-commercial scale. It w11~ pro duce upgraded shale oil by mid-to-late 1983 t a rate of 10;000 barrels per day...

  16. Exploring Products: Nano Fabrics

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Nanoscale Informal Science Education Network

    2010-01-01

    In this activity, learners explore how the application of nano-sized "whiskers" can protect clothing from stains. Learners investigate the hydrophobic properties of pants made from nano fabric and ordinary fabric. Use this activity to talk about products that we can already buy that use nanotechnology, like treated fabrics, water filters, sunscreen and stuffed animals that have silver nanoparticles.

  17. Biotechnological production of vanillin

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Priefert; J. Rabenhorst; A. Steinbüchel

    2001-01-01

    Vanillin is one of the most important aromatic flavor compounds used in foods, beverages, perfumes, and pharmaceuticals and is produced on a scale of more than 10 thousand tons per year by the industry through chemical synthesis. Alternative biotechnology-based approaches for the production are based on bioconversion of lignin, phenolic stilbenes, isoeugenol, eugenol, ferulic acid, or aromatic amino acids, and

  18. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    CONTAINING CLEAN-COAL ASH AND CLASS F FLY ASH By Tarun R. Naik, Rudolph N. Kraus, Rafat Siddique of HVFA Concrete Containing Clean-Coal Ash and Class F Fly Ash By Tarun R. Naik Director, UWM Center for By-Products Utilization and Francois Botha Project Manager, Illinois Clean Coal Institute Synopsis

  19. Formality and Star Products

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alberto S. Cattaneo; Davide Indelicato

    2004-01-01

    These notes, based on the mini-course given at the PQR2003 Euroschool held in Brussels in 2003, aim to review Kontsevich's formality theorem together with his formula for the star product on a given Poisson manifold. A brief introduction to the employed mathematical tools and physical motivations is also given.

  20. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    -ion penetration; compressive strength; concrete; fly ash; HPC; silica fume; sulfate attack; temperature-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh, William A. Olson, and John C. Beffel Report No. CBU-1997-07 July-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik Director, Center for By-Products Utilization Department of Civil Engineering

  1. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    The penetration resistance method was employed to determine setting time of concrete, and comparisons similarCenter for By-Products Utilization THE USE OF FLY ASH IN PUMPABLE MASS CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik and Dean M. Golden, "The Use of Fly Ash in Pumpable Mass Concrete Department of Civil Engineering

  2. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    with their respective design strengths of 2500 psi and 4500 psi were tested for compressive strength. Concrete strength concretes through addition of fly ash. The use of fly ash in high strength concrete mixes reducesCenter for By-Products Utilization ABRASION RESISTANCE OF CONCRETE AS A FUNCTION OF INCLUSION

  3. Data Products on Cloud

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Ly, Vuong T.; Mandl, Daniel J.

    2014-01-01

    This presentation lays out the data processing products that exist and are planned for the Matsu cloud for Earth Observing 1. The presentation focuses on a new feature called co-registration of Earth Observing 1 with Landsat Global Land Survey chips.

  4. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization LIST OF REFERENCENCES FOR CKD By Tarun R. Naik and Fethullah #12;1 LIST OF REFERENCES FOR CEMENT KILN DUST (CKD) 1. "An Analysis of Selected Trace Metals in Cement-418. 3. Al-Harthy, A. S., Taha, R., and Al-Maamary, F., 2003, "Effect of Cement Kiln Dust (CKD) on Mortar

  5. ETH Production Technologies

    E-print Network

    Sandoghdar, Vahid

    ETH ZÜricH ETH Production Technologies Technologie und Know-how für die fertigende Industrie «in Management, Technologie und Ökonomie (D-MTEC) DMTEC forscht in den Gebieten Supply Chain Management, Technologie, Personal und Strategiemanagement. Es führt fortgeschrittene Masterstudiengänge in Management und

  6. Production ecology of Gelidium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    B. Santelices

    1991-01-01

    Available data on determinants of production in species of Gelidium suggest several general patterns. Species diversity is higher in tropical latitudes, whereas in temperate latitudes the size of the fronds is larger, the species are ecologically dominant and commercially viable. Typically, the species occur on rocky substrate, often on coralline crusts, associated with rapid water movement and arranged in successive

  7. “Green” PCB production processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sven Lamprecht; Günter Heinz; Neil Patton; Stephen Kenny; Patrick Brooks

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to show production process developments and innovations that resolve many of the issues faced with certain process steps for printed circuit board (PCB) manufacturing following “green” practices. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Several key PCB manufacturing processes have been developed or studied with respect to new environmental legislations and practises. Findings – The introduction of

  8. TILAPIA FINGERLING PRODUCTION SYSTEMS

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Fingerling production remains an important bottleneck to the continued expansion of tilapia aquaculture throughout the world. Throughout Asia, the Americas, and Africa, tilapia aquaculture continues to expand and represents an important source of fish to domestic and export markets. Development of e...

  9. Guitar Production Standards Blueprints

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This PDF document provides a few blueprints for guitar production standards. The drawings include some cross-sections and close-up details. Measurements are also provided. The features illustrated are common to all 25-1/2" scale length guitars.

  10. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    -Performance Concrete, Singapore, November 1994. 5. Naik, T. R., Olson, W. A., and, Singh, S. S., "Chloride Permeability., and, Singh, S. S., "Resistance of High-Quality Concrete (HQC) to Chloride Ion Penetration," Report NoCenter for By-Products Utilization CBU PUBLICATIONS REGARDING CHLORIDE-ION PENETRABILITY By Tarun R

  11. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    ; fly ash; concrete; temperature; compressive strength; chloride permeability; air permeability; waterCenter for By-Products Utilization Temperature Effects on Permeability of High-Performance Concrete - MILWAUKEE #12;TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON PERMEABILITY OF HIGH-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE* Tarun R. Naik**, William A

  12. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    Center for By-Products Utilization RESISTANCE OF HIGH-QUALITY CONCRETE (HQC) TO CHLORIDE ION - MILWAUKEE #12;RESISTANCE OFHIGH-QUALITY CONCRETE (HQC) TO CHLORIDE IONPENETRATION * By TarunR.Naik Director-QUALITY CONCRETE (HQC) TO CHLORIDE IONPENETRATION by TarunR.Naik, FrederickH. Gustin,and Shiw S.Singh ABSTRACT

  13. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    . Generally, the concrete mixtures containing Class F fly ash exhibited higher resistance to chloride ionCenter for By-Products Utilization DURABILITY OF CONCRETE WITH HIGH- VOLUMES OF FLY ASH By Tarun R of Structures - 2004 DURABILITY OF CONCRETE WITH HIGH-VOLUMES OF FLY ASH Tarun R. Naik UWM Center for By

  14. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    resistance; chloride-ion penetration; concrete; freezing and thawing resistance; micro-fibers; paper millCenter for By-Products Utilization ENHANCING STRENGTH AND DURABILITY OF CONCRETE WITH PULP Demonstration for Use of Fibers from Paper Industry Residuals in Concrete," Wisconsin Rapids, WI, November 1

  15. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    resistance, and chloride ion permeability. Test results demonstrated that high-strength concretesCenter for By-Products Utilization EFFECTS OF AIR CONTENT AND FLY ASH ON PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE OF AIR CONTENT AND FLY ASH ON PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik, Ph.D., P.E. Director, Center

  16. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    permeability, chloride permeability and salt scaling resistance of concrete. A reference concrete AND DURABILITY PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE By TarunR. Naik, Shiw S. Singh, and Bruce W. Ramme CBUREPORT NO.REP-282 OF CONCRETE* By TarunR.Naik, Ph.D., P.E. Director, Center forBy-Products Utilization Department of Civil

  17. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    strength contribution and higher resistance to chloride-ion penetration for concrete mixtures madeCenter for By-Products Utilization MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND DURABILITY OF CONCRETE PAVEMENTS Conference on Durability of Concrete, Thessaloniki, Greece, June 2003 Department of Civil Engineering

  18. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    permeability, chloride permeability and salt scaling resistance of concrete. A reference concreteCenter for By-Products Utilization MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND DURABILITY OF CONCRETE MADE WITH CLASS OF CONCRETE MADE WITH CLASS C FLY ASH FROM DIFFERENT SOURCES OF WISCONSIN By Tarun R. Naik Director, Center

  19. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    , and chloride-ion penetration as a function #12;-ii- of age. For air entrained concrete mixtures, test specimensCenter for By-Products Utilization DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST CONCRETE UTILIZING FOUNDRY INDUSTRY BY TECHNICAL REPORT October 15, 1996, through October 14, 1997 Project Title: DEVELOPMENT OF LOW-COST CONCRETE

  20. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    , and chloride-ion penetrability. A preliminary concrete mixture made with Valley ash and fibrous residual showedCenter for By-Products Utilization Interim Report HIGH-DURABILITY CONCRETE USING HIGH- CARBON FLY and Objectives This testing work will evaluate use of high-carbon fly ash in non-air entrained concrete

  1. Partnerships for Productivity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowley, Wayne; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Describes three programs in Tulsa, Oklahoma, that involve industry, education, and the community in teaching people the skills they need to become productive employees. The programs include a youth apprenticeship program, a customized adult education program, and a Tulsa chamber of commerce industrial alliance that provides manufacturing services…

  2. TRANSVERSELY POLARIZED L PRODUCTION.

    SciTech Connect

    BORER,D.

    2000-05-22

    Transversely polarized {Lambda} production in hard scattering processes is discussed in terms of a leading twist T-odd fragmentation function which describes the fragmentation of an unpolarized quark into a transversely polarized {Lambda}. We focus on the properties of this function and its relevance for the RHIC and HERMES experiments.

  3. Byproducts to New Products

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The Alaska fisheries industry harvests over 2 million metric tons of wild fish annually, and after processing, over 1 million metric tons of fish byproducts are produced. This presentation will discuss current utilization of products made from fish byproducts in Alaska, and opportunities for enhanci...

  4. Production Farms at Fermilab

    SciTech Connect

    Fischler, M.; Rinaldo, F.; Wolbers, S.

    1994-05-01

    UNIX Farms at Fermilab have been used for more than than three years to solve the problem of providing massive amounts of CPU processing power for event reconstruction. System configurations, parallel processing software, administration and allocation issues, production issues and other experiences and plans are discussed.

  5. Herbal Products and Supplements

    MedlinePLUS

    ... cohosh, dong quai, and soy), saw palmetto, and St. John’s wort. How do I safely take herbal products and ... not work the way it should. For example, St. John’s wort reduces the amount of certain drugs absorbed by ...

  6. Academic Productivity and Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Kenneth C.; Gilbert, Steven W.

    1995-01-01

    This article suggests that, although advances in information technology have been interpreted as leading directly to increased college faculty research productivity, the real benefits will be found in the areas of improved content, curriculum, and pedagogy. The existing academic infrastructure and perceived role of faculty are seen as major…

  7. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    of coal in conventional and/ or advanced clean coal technology combustors. These include fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) by-products from advanced clean coal technology clean coal technology combustors. Over 60% of the CCBs are generated as fly ash. An estimate

  8. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    ­ Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI and Ronald H. Carty Director Illinois Clean Coal Institute Carterville, IL ABSTRACT, Naik and Singh [16] summarized various applications of fly ash generated from conventional and clean coal technologies. Uses of coal combustion by- products can be categorized into three classes: high-volum

  9. PV production Accumulator

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    system market in a near future. On top of higher energetic and power density, the Li-ion technology-+ PV production Accumulator Inverter MPPT DC DC DC AC AC DC PPv WSto PChop SInv Time Power Load Profile COMPARISON BETWEEN LEAD-ACID AND LI-ION ACCUMULATORS IN STAND-ALONE PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM USING

  10. SOIL EROSION AND PRODUCTIVITY

    E-print Network

    Balser, Teri C.

    , USDA-NRCS #12;RUSLE - APPLICABLE CROPLAND USES · Best: Midwest Corn, Soybean, Wheat · Mod. Well PARTICLES CREEP SANDY AND SILTY SOILS MOST SUSCEPTIBLE SOIL ACCUMULATION IN DITCHES AND FENCE ROWS #12.81 0.95 0.95 SCHUMACHER ET AL., 1999 #12;SOIL LOSS AND PRODUCTIVITY WESTERN CANADA WHEAT REMOVED 0

  11. I. Pasture production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. P. Lambert; P. J. Rumball; A. F. Boyd

    1979-01-01

    Production and composition of 3 pasture types under intensive sheep grazing were measured over 7 years. All pastures were sown to a basic mixture of perennial ryegrass-white clover (Lolium × hybridum- Trifolium repens) but 2 pastures had either paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) or kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) as an additional summer-growing component. For the first 4 years (Period 1) ewe stocking

  12. CLIMATE PRODUCTS Basic Climatology

    E-print Network

    CLIMATE PRODUCTS Basic Climatology Colorado Climate Center Funding provided by NOAA Sectoral the computer or a telephone system Data are collected by the National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), where) The original observations relate to WEATHER, not CLIMATE. But if we look at this information over a much longer

  13. Exploring Nanotechnology through Consumer Products

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This lesson, presented by the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network, covers nanotechnology in consumer products. First, the instructor presents an introductory PowerPoint and then "students are given a chance in groups to explore consumer products through an information sheet provided over available consumer products." A Teacher Preparation Guide, Student Guide, PowerPoint presentation, Nano Products Resource Guide, as well as a wide variety of product information sheets are included. 

  14. XML-based product information processing method for product design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Zhen Yu

    2012-01-01

    Design knowledge of modern mechatronics product is based on information processing as the center of the knowledge-intensive engineering, thus product design innovation is essentially the knowledge and information processing innovation. Analysis of the role of mechatronics product design knowledge and information management features, a unified model of XML-based product information processing method is proposed. Information processing model of product design includes functional knowledge, structural knowledge and their relationships. For the expression of product function element, product structure element, product mapping relationship between function and structure based on the XML model are proposed. The information processing of a parallel friction roller is given as an example, which demonstrates that this method is obviously helpful for knowledge-based design system and product innovation.

  15. XML-based product information processing method for product design

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zhang, Zhen Yu

    2011-12-01

    Design knowledge of modern mechatronics product is based on information processing as the center of the knowledge-intensive engineering, thus product design innovation is essentially the knowledge and information processing innovation. Analysis of the role of mechatronics product design knowledge and information management features, a unified model of XML-based product information processing method is proposed. Information processing model of product design includes functional knowledge, structural knowledge and their relationships. For the expression of product function element, product structure element, product mapping relationship between function and structure based on the XML model are proposed. The information processing of a parallel friction roller is given as an example, which demonstrates that this method is obviously helpful for knowledge-based design system and product innovation.

  16. Sustainable Multi-Product Seafood Production Planning Under Uncertainty

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simanjuntak, Ruth; Sembiring, Monalisa; Sinaga, Rani; Pakpahan, Endang J.; Mawengkang, Herman

    2013-04-01

    A multi-product fish production planning produces simultaneously multi fish products from several classes of raw resources. The goal in sustainable production planning is to meet customer demand over a fixed time horizon divided into planning periods by optimizing the tradeoff between economic objectives such as production cost, waste processed cost, and customer satisfaction level. The major decisions are production and inventory levels for each product and the number of workforce in each planning period. In this paper we consider the management of small scale traditional business at North Sumatera Province which performs processing fish into several local seafood products. The inherent uncertainty of data (e.g. demand, fish availability), together with the sequential evolution of data over time leads the sustainable production planning problem to a nonlinear mixed-integer stochastic programming model. We use scenario generation based approach and feasible neighborhood search for solving the model.

  17. Holographic Entropy Production

    E-print Network

    Yu Tian; Xiao-Ning Wu; Hongbao Zhang

    2014-10-29

    The suspicion that gravity is holographic has been supported mainly by a variety of specific examples from string theory. In this paper, we propose that such a holography can actually be observed in the context of Einstein's gravity and at least a class of generalized gravitational theories, based on a definite holographic principle where neither is the bulk space-time required to be asymptotically AdS nor the boundary to be located at conformal infinity, echoing Wilson's formulation of quantum field theory. After showing the general equilibrium thermodynamics from the corresponding holographic dictionary, in particular, we provide a rather general proof of the equality between the entropy production on the boundary and the increase of black hole entropy in the bulk, which can be regarded as strong support to this holographic principle. The entropy production in the familiar holographic superconductors/superfluids is investigated as an important example, where the role played by the holographic renormalization is explained.

  18. Charm production in DPMJET

    SciTech Connect

    Berghaus, P; Montaruli, T [University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI 53706 (United States)] [University of Wisconsin-Madison, WI 53706 (United States); Ranft, J, E-mail: berghaus@icecube.wisc.edu, E-mail: montaruli@ba.infn.it, E-mail: ran@cern.ch [University of Siegen, D-57068 (Germany)] [University of Siegen, D-57068 (Germany)

    2008-06-15

    In this work, charm production in the DPMJET hadronic jet simulation is compared to experimental data. Since the major application of DPMJET is the simulation of cosmic-ray-induced air showers, the version of the code integrated in the CORSIKA simulation package has been used for the comparison. Wherever necessary, adjustments have been made to improve agreement between simulation and data. With the availability of new muon/neutrino detectors that combine a large fiducial volume with large amounts of shielding, investigation of prompt muons and neutrinos from cosmic ray interactions will be feasible for the first time. Furthermore, above {approx}>100 TeV charmed particle decay becomes the dominant background for diffuse extraterrestrial neutrino flux searches. A reliable method to simulate charm production in high-energy proton-nucleon interactions is therefore required.

  19. Nattokinase: production and application.

    PubMed

    Dabbagh, Fatemeh; Negahdaripour, Manica; Berenjian, Aydin; Behfar, Abdolazim; Mohammadi, Fatemeh; Zamani, Mozhdeh; Irajie, Cambyz; Ghasemi, Younes

    2014-11-01

    Nattokinase (NK, also known as subtilisin NAT) (EC 3.4.21.62) is one of the most considerable extracellular enzymes produced by Bacillus subtilis natto. The main interest about this enzyme is due to its direct fibrinolytic activity. Being stable enough in the gastrointestinal tract makes this enzyme a useful agent for the oral thrombolytic therapy. Thus, NK is regarded as a valuable dietary supplement or nutraceutical. Proven safety and ease of mass production are other advantages of this enzyme. In addition to these valuable advantages, there are other applications attributed to NK including treatment of hypertension, Alzheimer's disease, and vitreoretinal disorders. This review tends to bring a brief description about this valuable enzyme and summarizes the various biotechnological approaches used in its production, recovery, and purification. Some of the most important applications of NK, as well as its future prospects, are also discussed. PMID:25348469

  20. Basics of Electrical Products

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This course is one of the quickStep series offered by Siemens in Electrical Products. These are FREE on-line industrial knowledge building tutorials. quickSTEPs are a great start for industry novices moving into technical jobs or staff in operational support rolls. They can also be very effectively used as out of class assignments for review or to build fundamental skills. Each course includes: -an online tutorial organized as a number of units and lessons with self check quiz questions-a glossary of terms-a self-check final exam with scoring -an extensive downloadable pdf study guideThis course on the basics of electrical products covers residential, commerical, and industrial applications.

  1. Natural Products for Antithrombosis

    PubMed Central

    Chen, Cen; Zhang, Qian; Wang, Feng-Qin; Hu, Yuan-Jia; Xia, Zhi-Ning

    2015-01-01

    Thrombosis is considered to be closely related to several diseases such as atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease and stroke, as well as rheumatoid arthritis, hyperuricemia, and various inflammatory conditions. More and more studies have been focused on understanding the mechanism of molecular and cellular basis of thrombus formation as well as preventing thrombosis for the treatment of thrombotic diseases. In reality, there is considerable interest in the role of natural products and their bioactive components in the prevention and treatment of thrombosis related disorders. This paper briefly describes the mechanisms of thrombus formation on three aspects, including coagulation system, platelet activation, and aggregation, and change of blood flow conditions. Furthermore, the natural products for antithrombosis by anticoagulation, antiplatelet aggregation, and fibrinolysis were summarized, respectively. PMID:26075003

  2. Diboson Production and Couplings

    SciTech Connect

    Burke, Susan E.

    2008-10-01

    We present the most recent cross section measurements for WW and WZ production in proton-antiproton collisions with sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV at the Fermilab Tevatron in final states with two or three leptons, respectively, along with limits on WWZ triple gauge couplings. We also present the combined search for WW and WZ production in the lepton, neutrino, and dijet final state. Finally, we present ZZ cross section measurements in both the fully leptonic and the two lepton, two neutrino final states along with limits on anomalous couplings ZZZ and ZZgamma. All results presented are based on data collected with the Run II DO and CDF II detectors.

  3. Energy Production in Stars

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Energy Production in Stars is part of the Astronomy 162: Stars, Galaxies, and Cosmology course offered by the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Tennessee. This section covers the mass-energy relation of special relativity; the curve of binding energy, and its implications for fusion and fission reactions, and stellar energy production; nuclear reactions, and their relation to the Coulomb barrier, and quantum mechanical tunneling; temperature and pressure in stars, including the kinetic theory of gases, ideal gas law, and the Gamow window for charged particle reactions; the proton-proton chain; the carbon-nitrogen-oxygen (CNO) cycle; the triple-alpha process, mass-5 and mass-8 bottlenecks; advanced burning stages; stellar energy transport; and the solar neutrino problem.

  4. Microbiological Spoilage of Cereal Products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cook, Frederick K.; Johnson, Billie L.

    A wide range of cereal products, including bakery items, refrigerated dough, fresh pasta products, dried cereal products, snack foods, and bakery mixes, are manufactured for food consumption. These products are subject to physical, chemical, and microbiological spoilage that affects the taste, aroma, leavening, appearance, and overall quality of the end consumer product. Microorganisms are ubiquitous in nature and have the potential for causing food spoilage and foodborne disease. However, compared to other categories of food products, bakery products rarely cause food poisoning. The heat that is applied during baking or frying usually eliminates pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms, and low moisture contributes to product stability. Nevertheless, microbiological spoilage of these products occurs, resulting in substantial economic losses.

  5. NASA Educational Products

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    These educational products were developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA),to engage student interest in science, technology, engineering and math are available at this site in electronic form for free. Available materials include educational briefs, classroom activities, educator guides, programs, wallsheets, lithographs, slide sets, and videotapes. Recommended grade levels are suggested for all materials and range from kindergarten to post-doctoral. This is a comprehensive repository of material involving physics, astronomy and space sciences.

  6. Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric L. Miller; Daniela Paluselli; Bjorn Marsen; Richard Rocheleau

    At the University of Hawaii (UH), the approach to developing high-efficiency, low-cost photoelectrochemical (PEC) processes for the direct production of hydrogen has included the use of integrated electrochemical\\/optical models to design photoelectrodes based on multijunction thin-film technology; materials research to identify critical issues on photoelectrode efficiency and stability; and the fabrication and testing of photoelectrodes for optimization and life-testing. In

  7. Hydrogen production by microalgae

    Microsoft Academic Search

    John R. Benemann

    2000-01-01

    The production of H2 gas from water and sunlightusing microalgae, `biophotolysis', has been a subjectof applied research since the early 1970s. A numberof approaches have been investigated, but most provedto have fundamental limitations or requireunpredictable research breakthroughs. Examples areprocesses based on nitrogen-fixing microalgae andthose producing H2 and O2 simultaneously fromwater (`direct biophotolysis'). The most plausibleprocesses for future applied R &

  8. Water Filtration Products

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1986-01-01

    American Water Corporation manufactures water filtration products which incorporate technology originally developed for manned space operations. The formula involves granular activated charcoal and other ingredients, and removes substances by catalytic reactions, mechanical filtration, and absorption. Details are proprietary. A NASA literature search contributed to development of the compound. The technology is being extended to a deodorizing compound called Biofresh which traps gas and moisture inside the unit. Further applications are anticipated.

  9. Ghana Watershed Prototype Products

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    U.S. Geological Survey

    2007-01-01

    Introduction/Background A number of satellite data sets are available through the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for monitoring land surface features. Representative data sets include Landsat, Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). The Ghana Watershed Prototype Products cover an area within southern Ghana, Africa, and include examples of the aforementioned data sets along with sample SRTM derivative data sets.

  10. Stored Product Pest Images

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    0000-00-00

    Photographic gallery containing 81 images of pests of stored products, including eggs, larvae and pupae and damage photos. Mites, beetles, moths, and psocids are included. A web browser and CD-ROM drive are required to view the images. Images are of high quality and the accompanying text is generally accurate and informative. The larval lesser mealworm is mis-captioned as an adult. Navigation of the images is easy.

  11. Ethics and Industrial Production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bernard, Daniel

    The development of nanotechnology seems inevitable, for it alone would be able to solve or circumvent the huge difficulties to be faced by industrial and post-industrial societies, in both their private and their public aspects, and including the ageing population and its expectations with regard to health, the evolution of the climate, pollution, the management of food resources and raw materials, access to drinking water, control of energy production and consumption, equitable and sustainable development, etc.

  12. Production of uranium dioxide

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. E. Hart; D. L. Shuck; W. L. Lyon

    1977-01-01

    A continuous, four stage fluidized bed process for converting uranium hexafluoride (UFâ) to ceramic-grade uranium dioxide (UOâ) powder suitable for use in the manufacture of fuel pellets for nuclear reactors is disclosed. The process comprises the steps of first reacting UFâ with steam in a first fluidized bed, preferably at about 550°C, to form solid intermediate reaction products UOâFâ, UâOâ

  13. Organic Production and Certification

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Minnesota Department of Agriculture\\'s Sustainable Agriculture Program provides farmers and consumers with information on organic production practices and certification. The \\"What\\'s New\\" section on the front page of the site includes recent issues in the agricultural field. Agricultural organizations, news and events, and farming systems are all mapped out in detail on the site. Users are also given access to University of Minnesota research on agriculture.

  14. Computer aided production engineering

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1986-01-01

    This book presents the following contents: CIM in avionics; computer analysis of product designs for robot assembly; a simulation decision mould for manpower forecast and its application; development of flexible manufacturing system; advances in microcomputer applications in CAD/CAM; an automated interface between CAD and process planning; CAM and computer vision; low friction pneumatic actuators for accurate robot control; robot assembly of printed circuit boards; information systems design for computer integrated manufacture; and a CAD engineering language to aid manufacture.

  15. Hydrogen Production Overview

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This fact sheet focuses on the production of hydrogen. Sources of hydrogen, how it is produced, and the transition to a "hydrogen economy" are briefly discussed in this two-page document. This material would be most useful for students with a basic understanding of what hydrogen is and how it may be used as fuel. The document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

  16. Maintaining JPSS Product Quality

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Grant, K. D.; McWilliams, G.; Ibrahim, W.; Brueske, K. F.; Smit, P. F.

    2014-12-01

    NASA and NOAA are jointly acquiring the next-generation civilian weather satellite system: the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS). JPSS replaced the afternoon orbit component and ground processing system of the old POES system managed by the NOAA. JPSS satellites will carry sensors designed to collect meteorological, oceanographic, climatological, and solar-geophysical observations of the earth, atmosphere, and space. The ground processing system for the JPSS is the Common Ground System (CGS), and provides command, control, and communications (C3), data processing and product delivery. CGS processes the data from the JPSS satellites to provide environmental data products (including Sensor Data Records (SDRs) and Environmental Data Records (EDRs)) to the NOAA Satellite Operations Facility. The first satellite in the JPSS constellation, known as the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) satellite, was launched on 28 October 2011. CGS is currently processing and delivering SDRs and EDRs for S-NPP and will continue through the lifetime of the JPSS program. The EDRs for S-NPP are undergoing an extensive Calibration and Validation (Cal/Val) campaign. Changes identified by the Cal/Val campaign are coming available for implementation into the operational system in support of both S-NPP and JPSS-1. Raytheon is supporting this effort through the development and use of tools, techniques, and processes designed to detect changes in product quality, identify root causes, and rapidly implement changes to the operational system to bring suspect products back into specification. This paper will describe the theoretical framework underpinning the analysis techniques, as well as the tools and processes used to support the cal/val effort.

  17. Aluminum hydroxide production

    SciTech Connect

    Martin, E.S.; Weaver, M.L.

    1988-07-05

    A method is described for the production of aluminum hydroxide, comprising reacting water in the liquid phase and aluminum of surface area of at least 20 mm/sup 2/ per gram at a pH above about 12.4 for producing a reaction mixture containing aluminum hydroxide, and collecting solid aluminum hydroxide from the reaction mixture, the reaction being carried out in the presence of choline at a concentration of about 0.05 to 2 mols per liter.

  18. Lecithin production and properties

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Van Nieuwenhuyzen

    1976-01-01

    Soy lecithins are important emulsifiers used in the food, feed, pharmaceutical, and technical industries. Native lecithin\\u000a is derived from soybean oil in four steps: hydration of phosphatides, separation of the sludge, drying, and cooling. Such\\u000a lecithin has both W\\/O and O\\/W emulsifying properties. Products with improved emulsifying properties can be obtained by modifications,\\u000a involving mainly fractionation in alcohol, hydrolysis (enzymatic,

  19. Hadronic production of glueballs

    SciTech Connect

    Lindenbaum, S.J.

    1983-01-01

    Local Gauge Invariance of SU(3)/sub c/ and color confinement would require that the only hadrons in the world be glueballs. However, when we add the quarks and obtain QCD it is experimentally clear that quark built states mask the expected glueballs. Thus discovery of glueballs is essential for the viability of QCD. Papers presented at the 1983 International Europhysics Conference on High Energy Physics on the hadronic production of glueballs and searches for glueballs are reviewed. (WHK)

  20. Texas Angora Goat Production

    E-print Network

    Gray, James A.; Groff, Jack L.

    1970-01-01

    angora goat J. E. Hutchison, Dimcror, College Station, Texas Texcs Anoora Goat Production JAMESA. GRAY AND JACK L. GROFF* Angora goats are adapted to a dry, mild cli- mate. Since they are primarily browsing animals, they thrive best where... to general belief that the Angora goat is a tough, tin can eating animal', he actually is csnsitive, intelligent, healthy and easily managed. is worst enemy is a cold, chilling rain within 6 eeks after shearing. During this period he needs ~rticular care...

  1. Soils based productivity evaluation

    SciTech Connect

    Hooks, C. [Southern Illinois Univ./Univ. of Illinois Reclamation Research Station, Percy, IL (United States)

    1998-12-31

    Since the passage of SMCRA, reclamation success on agricultural lands has been determined by long-term yield testing. This required a long bond release period lasting ten years or more. Recently, landowners, mine operators, and regulators have voiced a need for methods to expedite the bond release process. The financial burdens of annual cropping and field maintenance by mine operators and monitoring by regulators are of major concern. Landowners need to have the land returned to their production operations instead of being locked in the bond release process for a decade or more. A soils based formula could relieve these financial burdens and ensure the most efficient process to return the productive soil resource to the landowner. In addition, this method will also identify problem fields immediately after reclamation. Currently, some fields undergo ten years of testing before a problem becomes evident. Once a problem is identified and remediation occurs, another period of testing is required. A soils based productivity index, currently being developed in Illinois, will be presented. This will include the basic concepts and findings from earlier research. The needs, benefits, and limitations will also be discussed.

  2. Photovoltaic hydrogen production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Padin, Jeffry

    This work consists of the study of hydrogen production by electrolytic methods with the use of solar energy as the primary energy source. In the first part, two new hybrid high-temperature solar hydrogen production systems are introduced. Both of the systems make use of hybrid solar collectors in order to produce hydrogen by means of a high-temperature electrolyser. The second part of this work concentrates on the cost analysis of providing hydrogen to a house, a shopping center and a town with hybrid high-temperature solar hydrogen production systems. In the cost study, three different solar cells have been considered, viz., amorphous silicon, single crystal silicon and gallium arsenide. The two solar hydrogen systems considered have been evaluated by performing numerical simulations, and comparing the results with those obtained from previous studies. Hydrogen efficiencies up to 36% have been obtained. Efficiency studies showed good correlation with results obtained from other studies. The cost analysis for the implementation of hybrid high-temperature solar hydrogen systems was conducted using actual cost data for the components wherever possible. Results show that gallium arsenide modules are most cost effective when they are used to generate hydrogen for large applications such as a shopping centers or a town. For smaller applications, such as providing hydrogen for a house, amorphous silicon and single crystal silicon cells result in more cost effective hydrogen.

  3. The Productive Ligurian Pool

    E-print Network

    Casella, E; Couvelard, X; Caldeira, R M A

    2011-01-01

    In contrast with the behavior of the eddies in the open-ocean, the sub-mesoscale eddies generated in the constricted Ligurian Basin (NW Mediterranean), are unproductive but their combined effect, arranged in a rim-like fashion, contributes to the containment of a Productive Ligurian Pool (PLP). Data de- rived from MODIS satellite sensor showed persistent higher chlorophyll con- centrations in the centre of the basin, concurrent with high EKE values in its surroundings, derived from AVISO altimetry merged products. This sug- gested that this 'productive pool' is maintained by the intense (sub)mesoscale eddy activity in the rim. Numerical realistic experiments, using a Regional Ocean Model System, forced by MERCATOR and by a high-resolution COSMO- l7 atmospheric model, also showed that most of the sub-mesoscale eddies, during 2009 and 2010, are concentrated in the rim surrounding the basin, contributing to the formation of a basin-scale cyclonic gyre. We hypothesized that the interaction between eddies in the r...

  4. Microbial Production of Biovanillin

    PubMed Central

    Converti, A.; Aliakbarian, B.; Domínguez, J.M.; Bustos Vázquez, G.; Perego, P.

    2010-01-01

    This review aims at providing an overview on the microbial production of vanillin, a new alternative method for the production of this important flavor of the food industry, which has the potential to become economically competitive in the next future. After a brief description of the applications of vanillin in different industrial sectors and of its physicochemical properties, we described the traditional ways of providing vanillin, specifically extraction and chemical synthesis (mainly oxidation) and compared them with the new biotechnological options, i.e., biotransformations of caffeic acid, veratraldehyde and mainly ferulic acid. In the second part of the review, emphasis has been addressed to the factors most influencing the bioproduction of vanillin, specifically the age of inoculum, pH, temperature, type of co-substrate, as well as the inhibitory effects exerted either by excess substrate or product. The final part of the work summarized the downstream processes and the related unit operations involved in the recovery of vanillin from the bioconversion medium. PMID:24031526

  5. Connectivity of lexicographic product and direct product of graphs

    E-print Network

    Xu, Jun-Ming

    Connectivity of lexicographic product and direct product of graphs Chao Yang Jun-Ming Xu Department connec- tivity of the lexicographic product of two graphs G1 and G2 are equal to 1v2 and min{1v2 2 , 2 +1-connectivity and the number of vertices of Gi, respectively. We also obtain that the edge-connectivity of the direct product

  6. Productive and Re-Productive Thinking in Solving Insight Problems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cunningham, J. Barton; MacGregor, James N.

    2014-01-01

    Many innovations in organizations result when people discover insightful solutions to problems. Insightful problem-solving was considered by Gestalt psychologists to be associated with productive, as opposed to re-productive, thinking. Productive thinking is characterized by shifts in perspective which allow the problem solver to consider new,…

  7. Production and distribution of by-product hydrogen in Korea

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kyu-Sung Sim; Jong-Won Kim; Heung-Sun Kim

    Hydrogen is the secondary energy source or energy carrier which can be obtained by transforming primary energy sources like solar energy, coal, petroleum, and natural gas. At present, it is used mainly as process gas of chemical plant and raw material of chemical products rather than energy source. Natural gas reforming is the cheapest method of hydrogen production except by-product

  8. The NASA SBIR product catalog

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Gilman, J. A.; Paige, J. B.; Schwenk, F. Carl

    1992-01-01

    The purpose of this catalog is to assist small business firms in making the community aware of products emerging from their efforts in the Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program. It contains descriptions of some products that have advanced into Phase 3 and others that are identified as prospective products. Both lists of products in this catalog are based on information supplied by NASA SBIR contractors in responding to an invitation to be represented in this document. Generally, all products suggested by the small firms were included in order to meet the goals of information exchange for SBIR results. Of the 444 SBIR contractors NASA queried, 137 provided information on 219 products. The catalog presents the product information in the technology areas listed in the table of contents. Within each area, the products are listed in alphabetical order by product name and are given identifying numbers. Also included is an alphabetical listing of the companies that have products described. This listing cross-references the product list and provides information on the business activity of each firm. In addition, there are three indexes: one a list of firms by states, one that lists the products according to NASA Centers that managed the SBIR projects, and one that lists the products by the relevant Technical Topics utilized in NASA's annual program solicitation under which each SBIR project was selected.

  9. 21 CFR 1002.10 - Product reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...for Listed Electronic Products § 1002.10 Product reports. Every manufacturer...leakage electronic product radiation, the applicable... (h) For those products which may produce...respect to electronic product radiation...

  10. Particulate Waste Product Combustion System

    E-print Network

    King, D. R.; Chastain, C. E.

    1984-01-01

    The disposal of low value by-products from the processing of agricultural food crops presents many energy consuming problems to the food producing industry. Consequently, industry has the continuous problem of utilization or disposal of the by-products...

  11. Forage Production in Pecan Orchards.

    E-print Network

    Holt, Ethan C.

    1973-01-01

    Production --..-....------------------------------------------------.------- 5 Grass Varieties and Species -..-.....---------------------------------- 5 Nonproducing Orchards ------------------ 6 Producing Orchards . --.--. .--. --_---. 6 Mature Orchards... ...-......------------..------------------------------------ 8 Acknowledgments ....------ - -- -- -- - ---- -------- - - - -- - - - - - - - - - --- ---. - -- ---- - ------ 8 The production of Coastal and NK-37 bermudagrass and hybrid sudangrass was evaluated in irrigated and dry- land pecan orchards...

  12. FDA 101: Regulating Biological Products

    MedlinePLUS

    ... mail Consumer Updates RSS Feed FDA 101: Regulating Biological Products Search the Consumer Updates Section Consumer Update ... friendly PDF (196 KB) On this page: What biological products does FDA regulate? How do biologics differ ...

  13. Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement

    E-print Network

    Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement Through Multi-Attribute System Design Engineering Systems Division #12;Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement Through Multi of Science in Engineering and Management February 2005 ABSTRACT Automotive industry is facing a tough period

  14. Enabling effective product launch decisions

    E-print Network

    Akamphon, Sappinandana

    2008-01-01

    The present work looks into the question of optimizing the performance of product launch decisions-in particular, the decisions of product development duration and manufacturing ramp-up. It presents an innovative model for ...

  15. Competition, Innovation, and Product Exit

    E-print Network

    de Figueiredo, John

    2001-03-19

    Why do products exit markets? This paper integrates rationale for product exit from a number of different literatures and compares the statistical and substantive effect of these explanations. We use a novel dataset ...

  16. Publication Production: An Annotated Bibliography.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firman, Anthony H.

    1994-01-01

    Offers brief annotations of 52 articles and papers on document production (from the Society for Technical Communication's journal and proceedings) on 9 topics: information processing, document design, using color, typography, tables, illustrations, photography, printing and binding, and production management. (SR)

  17. MISR Level 1A Products

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-04-01

    ... Data Product Specification Rev D  (PDF). HDF file access efficiency updates. F01_0003 02/16/2001 ... Initial baseline for all Level 1 products available for public release. Baseline Software:  N/A ...

  18. MISR Level 1A Products

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-04-01

    ... Data Product Specification Rev D  (PDF). HDF file access efficiency updates. F01_0004 02/16/2001 ... Initial baseline for all Level 1 products available for public release. Baseline Software:  N/A     ...

  19. MISR Level 1A Products

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2013-04-01

    ... Data Product Specification Rev D  (PDF). HDF file access efficiency updates. F01_03, F01_0003 ... Initial baseline for all Level 1 products available for public release. Baseline Software:  N/A     ...

  20. 10+ Questions about Household Products

    MedlinePLUS

    ... class says that "huffing" certain products like spray paint or airplane glue will get you high. Are ... class says that "huffing" certain products like spray paint or airplane glue will get you high. Are ...

  1. Natural products as photoprotection.

    PubMed

    Saewan, Nisakorn; Jimtaisong, Ampa

    2015-03-01

    The rise in solar ultraviolet radiation on the earth's surface has led to a depletion of stratospheric ozone over recent decades, thus accelerating the need to protect human skin against the harmful effects of UV radiation such as erythema, edema, hyperpigmentation, photoaging, and skin cancer. There are many different ways to protect skin against UV radiation's harmful effects. The most popular way to reduce the amount of UV radiation penetrating the skin is topical application of sunscreen products that contain UV absorbing or reflecting active molecules. Based on their protection mechanism, the active molecules in sunscreens are broadly divided into inorganic and organic agents. Inorganic sunscreens reflect and scatter UV and visible radiation, while organic sunscreens absorb UV radiation and then re-emit energy as heat or light. These synthetic molecules have limited concentration according to regulation concern. Several natural compounds with UV absorption property have been used to substitute for or to reduce the quantity of synthetic sunscreen agents. In addition to UV absorption property, most natural compounds were found to act as antioxidants, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory agents, which provide further protection against the damaging effects of UV radiation exposure. Compounds derived from natural sources have gained considerable attention for use in sunscreen products and have bolstered the market trend toward natural cosmetics. This adds to the importance of there being a wide selection of active molecules in sunscreen formulations. This paper summarizes a number of natural products derived from propolis, plants, algae, and lichens that have shown potential photoprotection properties against UV radiation exposure-induced skin damage. PMID:25582033

  2. Codes Base on Unambiguous Products

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ho Ngoc Vinh; Vu Thanh Nam; Phan Trung Huy

    2010-01-01

    \\u000a In this paper, we propose the notion of +-unambiguous product which is expanded from unambiguous product and the definitions\\u000a of alternative product, alternative code, even alternative code on a pair (X, Y) of languages. Some basic properties of +-unambiguous product, alternative codes and even alternative codes related to usual\\u000a codes are given which show that these new codes can be

  3. Measuring High Performance Computing Productivity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stuart R. Faulk; John Gustafson; Philip Johnson; Adam A. Porter; Walter F. Tichy; Lawrence G. Votta

    2004-01-01

    One key to improving high performance computing (HPC) productivity is to find better ways to measure it. We define productivity in terms of mission goals, i.e. greater produc- tivity means that more science is accomplished with less cost and effort. Traditional software productivity metrics and computing benchmarks have proven inadequate for assessing or predicting such end-to-end productivity. In this paper

  4. Marine natural products.

    PubMed

    Blunt, John W; Copp, Brent R; Keyzers, Robert A; Munro, Murray H G; Prinsep, Michèle R

    2014-01-17

    This review covers the literature published in 2012 for marine natural products, with 1035 citations (673 for the period January to December 2012) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green, brown and red algae, sponges, cnidarians, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms, mangroves and other intertidal plants and microorganisms. The emphasis is on new compounds (1241 for 2012), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. Biosynthetic studies, first syntheses, and syntheses that lead to the revision of structures or stereochemistries, have been included. PMID:24389707

  5. Ethyl Alcohol Production

    E-print Network

    O'Neal, Henry

    1981-01-01

    mixture is known as beer. 6. The next step is to separate the ethyl alcohol from the beer using two 12-inch diameter plate distillation columns, each 20 feet in height. All of the fermented mash is put into the first column (beer column) with steam... of the second column (rectifying column) where alcohol vapor is driven off at the top and condensed to yield liquid alcohol. The normal production proof of the Texas A&M University plant is 182 to 184. 7. The solid grain residues are separated from...

  6. By-Products Utilization

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

    .2.1 Natural Pozzolans 8 2.2.2 Fly Ash 8 2.2.3 Condensed Silica Fume 9 2.3 Blast-Furnace Slag 10 2.4 INERT Systems 17 3.2.1.1 Ball mills 17 3.2.1.2 Roller mills 17 3.2.1.3 Jet mills 18 3.2.2 Incorporation of Blast-Furnace-products currently available which can be used to supplement portland cement, such as fly ash, slag, rice husk

  7. Suited crewmember productivity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Barer, A. S.; Filipenkov, S. N.

    Analysis of the extravehicular activity (EVA) sortie experience gained in the former Soviet Union and physiologic hygienic aspect of space suit design and development shows that crewmember productivity is related to the following main factors: —space suit microclimate (gas composition, pressure and temperature); —limitation of motion activity and perception, imposed by the space suit; —good crewmember training in the ground training program; —level of crewmember general physical performance capabilities in connection with mission duration and intervals between sorties; —individual EVA experience (with accumulation) at which workmanship improves, while metabolism, physical and emotional stress decreases; —concrete EVA duration and work rate; —EVA bioengineering, including selection of tools, work station, EVA technology and mechanization.

  8. Marine natural products.

    PubMed

    Blunt, John W; Copp, Brent R; Keyzers, Robert A; Munro, Murray H G; Prinsep, Michèle R

    2013-02-01

    This review covers the literature published in 2011 for marine natural products, with 870 citations (558 for the period January to December 2011) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green, brown and red algae, sponges, cnidarians, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms, mangroves and other intertidal plants and microorganisms. The emphasis is on new compounds (1152 for 2011), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. Biosynthetic studies, first syntheses, and syntheses that lead to the revision of structures or stereochemistries, have been included. PMID:23263727

  9. Marine natural products.

    PubMed

    Blunt, John W; Copp, Brent R; Keyzers, Robert A; Munro, Murray H G; Prinsep, Michèle R

    2012-02-01

    Covering: 2010. Previous review: Nat. Prod. Rep., 2011, 28, 196. This review covers the literature published in 2010 for marine natural products, with 895 citations (590 for the period January to December 2010) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green, brown and red algae, sponges, cnidarians, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms, mangroves and other intertidal plants and microorganisms. The emphasis is on new compounds (1003 for 2010), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. Biosynthetic studies, first syntheses, and syntheses that lead to the revision of structures or stereochemistries, have been included. PMID:22193773

  10. Beauty production at HERA

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Yagues, A.

    2009-12-01

    Beauty quark production in ep collisions is being studied at HERA. The latest results in deep inelastic scattering (DIS) and photoproduction (PHP) regime performed by the ZEUS and HI experiments are presented here. The first measurement exploits the potential of the ZEUS mi-crovertex detector to identify beauty in PHP dijet events in an inclusive analysis. In the second measurement, beauty quarks were identified through their decays into muons. Finally, two measurements of the beauty contribution to the proton structure function, F2b???b, in DIS are presented. The four measurements are consistent with previous results and are reasonably well described by QCD predictions.

  11. Hydrogen production through photoelectrolysis

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prasad, G.; Rao, N. N.; Srivastava, O. N.

    The prospects for solar energy-based photoelectrolysis of water for hydrogen production are discussed, with emphasis on the materials problems that arise in such photoelectrochemical processes. The semiconducting photoelectrode material should be optimized with respect to three different parameters: band gap, flat band potential, and stability. Attention is given to the results thus far experimentally obtained through the use of n-TiO2 and n-WSe2 semiconducting photoelectrodes. The photoelectrical properties of TiO2 will have to be modified so that the solar spectral response comes to yield conversion efficiencies greater than about 1 percent.

  12. Tetracel (American Home Products).

    PubMed

    Jones, D H

    2001-01-01

    American Home Products (AHP) is developing Tetracel as a vaccine for children (aged 12 to 18 months) against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib) [275146]. The components are contained in AHP's two currently marketed vaccines. ACEL-Immune contains diphtheria and tetanus toxoids with acellular pertussis vaccine adsorbed, and HibTITER contains the Haemophilus influenzae B conjugate vaccine (diphtheria CRM197 protein conjugate) [239655]. As of January 2000, Lehman Brothers predicted Tetracel to be approved in the US during 2000 [354434]. PMID:11527012

  13. Slaughter Calf Production

    E-print Network

    Thompson, Uel D.

    1955-01-01

    and stocker cattle areas of Texas stock- men normally do not sell slaughter calves, but this practice might be profitable at certain I times. 1 to 5 plies rexas slaughter calves usually weigh 300 00 pounds. Slaughter-calf production im- producing milk...-grass-fat calves at wean- lng. Fat calves of mixed breeding and lacking in feeder quality usually sell to good advantage on the early markets. Their quality and weight are separating factors at this time. Heavy, fat calves, regardless of quality, usually sell...

  14. NASA Product Peer Review Process

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jenks, Ken

    2009-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation describes NASA's product peer review process. The contents include: 1) Inspection/Peer Review at NASA; 2) Reasons for product peer reviews; 3) Different types of peer reviews; and 4) NASA requirements for peer reviews. This presentation also includes a demonstration of an actual product peer review.

  15. Acrylamide in processed potato products

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Trace amounts of acrylamide are found in many foods cooked at high temperatures. Acrylamide in processed potato products is formed from reducing sugars and asparagine and is a product of the Maillard reaction. Processed potato products including fries and chips are relatively high in acrylamide comp...

  16. Consumer Health: Products and Services.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haag, Jessie Helen

    This book presents a general overview of consumer health, its products and services. Consumer health is defined as those topics dealing with a wise selection of health products and services, agencies concerned with the control of these products and services, evaluation of quackery and health misconceptions, health careers, and health insurance.…

  17. MSENGR Product Design Program Proposal

    E-print Network

    Prinz, Friedrich B.

    MSENGR Product Design Program Proposal Rev 6/2007 p. 1 New Proposal Revision First graduate quarter at Stanford (i.e. Autumn 0708) Name Stanford ID Email ***Please Read Page 2 for important Language 3 ME216A Advanced Product Design: Need Finding 4 ME312 Advanced Product Design: Form Giving

  18. Global patterns of Sphagnum productivity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Urban Gunnarsson

    2005-01-01

    SUMMARY Data from 55 published studies of Sphagnum productivity were compiled covering 31 peat-moss species from Sphagnum-dominated wetlands. The relationships between productivity and geographical position and climatic parameters were investigated based on data from both the northern and southern hemispheres. There were interspecific differences in productivity, which could be explained by both phylogeny and microhabitat preferences. Species of section Cuspidata

  19. REES PRODUCTS AND LEXICOGRAPHIC SHELLABILITY

    E-print Network

    Linusson, Svante

    REES PRODUCTS AND LEXICOGRAPHIC SHELLABILITY SVANTE LINUSSON1 , JOHN SHARESHIAN2 , AND MICHELLE L- vide various examples in which the rank of the homology of a Rees product of two partially ordered sets group of the Rees product of a truncated Boolean algebra of degree n and a chain of length n - 1

  20. Fossil-Based Hydrogen Production

    E-print Network

    Production · Capital Costs · O&M · Separation Technology · Control and Safety · Feedstock and Water Issues Fuel Processing Using Micro-channel Steam Reforming & Advanced Separations Technology · ITM Syngas Production · Low Cost H2 Production Platform · Defect-free Thin Film Membranes for H2 Separation & Isolation

  1. Fundamentals of product family architecture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jianxin Jiao; Mitchell M. Tseng

    2000-01-01

    Recognizing the rationale of a product family architecture (PFA) with respect to design for mass customization (DFMC), this paper discusses the fundamental issues underlying a PFA, including product information modeling, structural implications of product families, functional variety versus technical variety, class-member relationships inherent in variety, modularity and commonality, PFA design spaces, and PFA composition. The background research is reviewed in

  2. Forming Values of Productive Behaviors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Muslich Anshoria; Fendy Suhariadia

    Work behaviors which are aimed to the vision and the mission of the company are called productive behaviours. There are two types of productive behaviors: efficient behaviors and effective behaviors. Effective-productive behaviors are workers' behaviors toward the attaiment of the organization's (company) targets (job effectiveness). Efficient behaviors are workers' behaviors which are oriented to the attempts of maximally using and

  3. The framework of product affection

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Q. Mao; Y. H. Zhou; H. B. Yang

    2009-01-01

    This paper introduces a conceptual framework for the process underlying emotional responses that result from the perception of products. The framework distinguishes different kinds of product affection on the basis of emotional psychology. Accordingly, the product affection is divided into three levels: the reflection emotional level, the basic emotional level, the emotional senior level. By revealing the characteristics of the

  4. Product Development and the Environment

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    2014-09-18

    Students investigate the life cycles of engineered products and how they impact the environment. They use a basic life cycle assessment method that assigns fictional numerical values for different steps in the life cycle. Then they use their analyses to compare the impacts of their products to other products, and suggest ways to reduce environmental impact based on their analyses.

  5. MODIS Land Surface Temperature Products

    E-print Network

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    MODIS Land Surface Temperature Products Users' Guide Zhengming Wan ICESS, University of California, Santa Barbara March 2006 #12;ALERT --- This document is a living document that describes the MODIS Land of the LST products. Described is the current state of the MODIS LST products. The purpose of the document

  6. Gender, Children and Research Productivity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stack, Steven

    2004-01-01

    The "productivity puzzle," or gender gap in research productivity, is often thought to be due, in part, to gendered child care responsibilities. The time, energy, and money devoted to child-rearing can reduce the research productivity of scholars, especially women. However, there is little systematic research on this issue. The present study…

  7. Co-production and time use. Influence on product evaluation.

    PubMed

    Heide, Morten; Olsen, Svein Ottar

    2011-02-01

    This study analyses how time use influences consumers' evaluation of a product and their satisfaction with the co-production activity. It also includes hypotheses about how knowledge and perceived convenience are related to the evaluative constructs. The constructs are checked for reliability and validity, before using structural equation modelling in Lisrel to estimate the relationships between the constructs and their measures. The results showed that time use had a negative influence on perceived convenience and a positive effect on satisfaction with co-production, but did not influence the global evaluation of the product. Satisfaction with co-production and perceived convenience had a positive influence on the global evaluation. Knowledge had a negative influence on time use. Finally, knowledge and perceived convenience had a positive relationship with satisfaction with co-production. In total, seven out of nine hypotheses are supported by the data. The study suggests that time use, perceived convenience, and satisfaction with co-production can be an important variables in the understanding of the evaluative outcome of a co-produced product. The dual role of time use can be positioned as something the consumer wants to minimize for convenient reasons or extended in order to be satisfied with the co-production effort. The paper presents new insights into how co-production and time use influence product evaluation. PMID:21144876

  8. 27 CFR 17.185 - Requirements for intermediate products and unfinished nonbeverage products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ...products. Intermediate products may be accumulated...in any nonbeverage product whose formula calls...use. Intermediate products shall be manufactured...Unfinished nonbeverage products. An unfinished nonbeverage product shall only be...

  9. Fitness and employee productivity.

    PubMed

    Howard, J; Mikalachki, A

    1979-09-01

    What should management consider when deciding whether to sponsor a company fitness program? This article gives pragmatic answers to the business community as well as outlining critical avenues for future research for both academics and corporations. Understanding the nature of the commitment is a prerequisite for success. Whether the program should be short term and serve as a catalyst for future individual efforts, or a long-term commitment, is a question which must be considered. Decisions of this type are partially dependent on what criteria are used to evaluate success. As measurements of employee productivity are very subjective or non-existent, absenteeism and turnover are potential yardsticks. Details of employee programs must also address the issue of participation as well as the frequency, intensity and duration. Future research must separate the effect of the fitness improvement from the benfits derived from just being in a program. The measurement of productivity and the long-term effect of fitness programs, especially short-term programs, are also areas for future work. PMID:540412

  10. IN DRIFT CORROSION PRODUCTS

    SciTech Connect

    D.M. Jolley

    1999-12-02

    As directed by a written development plan (CRWMS M&O 1999a), a conceptual model for steel and corrosion products in the engineered barrier system (EBS) is to be developed. The purpose of this conceptual model is to assist Performance Assessment Operations (PAO) and its Engineered Barrier Performance Department in modeling the geochemical environment within a repository drift, thus allowing PAO to provide a more detailed and complete in-drift geochemical model abstraction and to answer the key technical issues (KTI) raised in the NRC Issue Resolution Status Report (IRSR) for the Evolution of the Near-Field Environment (NFE) Revision 2 (NRC 1999). This document provides the conceptual framework for the in-drift corrosion products sub-model to be used in subsequent PAO analyses including the EBS physical and chemical model abstraction effort. This model has been developed to serve as a basis for the in-drift geochemical analyses performed by PAO. However, the concepts discussed within this report may also apply to some near and far-field geochemical processes and may have conceptual application within the unsaturated zone (UZ) and saturated zone (SZ) transport modeling efforts.

  11. Determination of Offgassed Products

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    1997-01-01

    A technician at Marshall Space Flight Center's Materials Combustion Research Facility begins the Determination of Offgassed Products Test to determine the identity and quantity of volatile offgassed products from materials and assembled articles. Materials are measured, weighed, and loaded into a clean toxicity chamber (pictured). The chamber is purged with high-purity air and loaded into an oven where it will be held at 120 degrees Fahrenheit (48.9 degrees Celsius) for 72 hours. At the end of the 72-hour period, the chamber is removed and allowed to cool to room temperature. Gas samples are taken from the chamber and analyzed using gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. From this, the quantity of the material that may be used safely in habitable areas of spacecraft is determined. This test also determines whether a flight hardware item may be flown safely in a crew compartment. Everything going into space with the astronauts is tested prior to flight to ensure the health and safety of the crew members.

  12. An Integrated Product Environment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Higgins, Chuck

    1997-01-01

    Mechanical Advantage is a mechanical design decision support system. Unlike our CAD/CAM cousins, Mechanical Advantage addresses true engineering processes, not just the form and fit of geometry. If we look at a traditional engineering environment, we see that an engineer starts with two things - performance goals and design rules. The intent is to have a product perform specific functions and accomplish that within a designated environment. Geometry should be a simple byproduct of that engineering process - not the controller of it. Mechanical Advantage is a performance modeler allowing engineers to consider all these criteria in making their decisions by providing such capabilities as critical parameter analysis, tolerance and sensitivity analysis, math driven Geometry, and automated design optimizations. If you should desire an industry standard solid model, we would produce an ACIS-based solid model. If you should desire an ANSI/ISO standard drawing, we would produce this as well with a virtual push of the button. For more information on this and other Advantage Series products, please contact the author.

  13. Method for production of magnesium

    DOEpatents

    Diaz, Alexander F. (Cambridge, MA); Howard, Jack B. (Winchester, MA); Modestino, Anthony J. (Hanson, MA); Peters, William A. (Lexington, MA)

    1998-01-01

    A continuous process for the production of elemental magnesium is described. Magnesium is made from magnesium oxide and a light hydrocarbon gas. In the process, a feed stream of the magnesium oxide and gas is continuously fed into a reaction zone. There the magnesium oxide and gas are reacted at a temperature of about 1400.degree. C. or greater in the reaction zone to provide a continuous product stream of reaction products, which include elemental magnesium. The product stream is continuously quenched after leaving the reaction zone, and the elemental magnesium is separated from other reaction products.

  14. Integrating operations and product development methodologies for improved product success using advanced product quality planning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas A. Carbone

    2005-01-01

    The general product development literature quotes new product success rates from the development through launch stages at a steady 25% between 1995 and 2004. Cooperation between manufacturing and other functional groups is critical to improve the success of new products. However, integrating operations and development methodologies is often challenging due to conflicting priorities and organizational structures. In this paper, a

  15. Preservatives in registered chemical products.

    PubMed

    Flyvholm, Mari-Ann

    2005-07-01

    Preservatives are common causes of contact allergy and contact dermatitis. Exposure to cosmetics, personal care products, consumer products and occupationally used products often involve contact with the same range of preservatives. The aim of this study is to provide an overview on the occurrence of preservatives in registered chemical products. The studied preservatives included substances from standard patch test series and other preservatives relevant for registered chemical products. Data obtained from the Danish Product Register Database (PROBAS) in January 2005 were compared to similar data from January 2002. Paints/lacquers, cleaning agents and printing inks were the most frequently registered product categories, and the studied preservatives were registered in most of the product categories included in the study. For most product categories the total number of registered products was stable during the study period. Butylated hydroxytoluene, benzoic acid, isothiazolinones, Bronopol and formaldehyde showed an increase from 2002 to 2005. Most of these changes occurred in the product category paints/lacquers, for which a doubling mainly due to a change in registration practice was observed. The frequent registration of isothiazolinones (MCI/MI and benzisothiazolinone) in paints/lacquers may be a possible explanation for the relative high and stable frequency of positive patch test reactions to MCI/MI. PMID:15982228

  16. Statistical assessment of biosimilar products.

    PubMed

    Chow, Shein-Chung; Liu, Jen-Pei

    2010-01-01

    Biological products or medicines are therapeutic agents that are produced using a living system or organism. Access to these life-saving biological products is limited because of their expensive costs. Patents on the early biological products will soon expire in the next few years. This allows other biopharmaceutical/biotech companies to manufacture the generic versions of the biological products, which are referred to as follow-on biological products by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or as biosimilar medicinal products by the European Medicine Agency (EMEA) of the European Union (EU). Competition of cost-effective follow-on biological products with equivalent efficacy and safety can cut down the costs and hence increase patients' access to the much-needed biological pharmaceuticals. Unlike for the conventional pharmaceuticals of small molecules, the complexity and heterogeneity of the molecular structure, complicated manufacturing process, different analytical methods, and possibility of severe immunogenicity reactions make evaluation of equivalence (similarity) between the biosimilar products and their corresponding innovator product a great challenge for both the scientific community and regulatory agencies. In this paper, we provide an overview of the current regulatory requirements for approval of biosimilar products. A review of current criteria for evaluation of bioequivalence for the traditional chemical generic products is provided. A detailed description of the differences between the biosimilar and chemical generic products is given with respect to size and structure, immunogenicity, product quality attributed, and manufacturing processes. In addition, statistical considerations including design criteria, fundamental biosimilar assumptions, and statistical methods are proposed. The possibility of using genomic data in evaluation of biosimilar products is also explored. PMID:20077246

  17. LCLS undulator production.

    SciTech Connect

    Trakhtenberg, E.; Barsz, T.; Lawrence, G.; Sasaki, S.; Vasserman, I.; White, M.; Goldfarb, G.; Lagonsky, S.; Sorsher, S.; Becker, T.; Dufresne, S.; Schuermann, R.; Hi-Tech Manufacturing; Metalex Manufacturing

    2008-01-01

    Design and construction of the undulators for the linac coherent light source (LCLS) at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) is the responsibility of Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). A full-scale prototype undulator was constructed in-house and extensively tested at Argonne's advanced photon source (APS). The device was tunable to well within the LCLS requirements and was stable for five years. Experience constructing the prototype undulator led us to conclude that with appropriate engineering design and detailed assembly procedures, precision undulators can be constructed by highly-qualified industrial vendors without undulator-construction experience. Argonne's detailed technological knowledge and experience were transferred to the successful bidders who produced outstanding undulators. Our production concept for the 3.4-m-long, fixed-gap, planar-hybrid undulators with a 30-mm period is discussed. Manufacturing, quality assurance, and acceptance testing details are also presented.

  18. Gut triglyceride production

    PubMed Central

    Pan, Xiaoyue; Hussain, M. Mahmood

    2012-01-01

    Our knowledge of how the body absorbs triacylglycerols (TAG) from the diet and how this process is regulated has increased at a rapid rate in recent years. Dietary TAG are hydrolyzed in the intestinal lumen to free fatty acids (FFA) and monoacylglycerols (MAG), which are taken up by enterocytes from their apical side, transported to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and resynthesized into TAG. TAG are assembled into chylomicrons (CM) in the ER, transported to the Golgi via pre-chylomicron transport vesicles and secreted towards the basolateral side. In this review, we mainly focus on the roles of key proteins involved in uptake and intracellular transport of fatty acids, their conversion to TAG and packaging into CM. We will also discuss intracellular transport and secretion of CM. Moreover, we will bring to light few factors that regulate gut triglyceride production. Furthermore, we briefly summarize pathways involved in cholesterol absorption. PMID:21989069

  19. Penstock productivity improved

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1989-09-01

    The Strawberry Water Users Association recently realized a significant increase in output on their hydroelectric plant near Spanish Fork, Utah. The plant's output was declining steadily and the problem was determined to be caused by build-up in its 11,000 foot long, 18 inch diameter penstock. After considering replacing the penstock or using hydro-blasting, the association decided that the pipe could be cleaned internally with flexible foam pits. Following the cleaning operation, the plant's output increased 22 percent to 345 kW. The new output level represents an increase in the association's annual income from the sale of electricity of $32,850 -enough to cover the costs of the equipment and contractor costs in approximately one year. The association plans to maintain maximum production by pumping an 18 inch pig down the line each year.

  20. Gulf operators resuming production

    SciTech Connect

    Koen, A.D.

    1992-09-14

    This paper reports that Gulf of Mexico operators last week were gradually restoring production at installations struck by Hurricane Andrew. The Minerals Management Service continued receiving reports of more damage. By the end of the day Sept. 8, MMS had received reports of damage to 83 pipeline segments and 193 platforms and satellite installations. Damage reports listed 112 installations with structural damage, 13 platforms toppled and five leaning, and 30 satellite platforms toppled and 33 leaning. But despite the extent of damage the storm inflicted on oil and gas installations in the gulf, it pales in comparison to the misery and suffering the storm caused in Florida and Louisiana, an oil company official said.

  1. Advanced glycation end products

    PubMed Central

    Gkogkolou, Paraskevi; Böhm, Markus

    2012-01-01

    Aging is the progressive accumulation of damage to an organism over time leading to disease and death. Aging research has been very intensive in the last years aiming at characterizing the pathophysiology of aging and finding possibilities to fight age-related diseases. Various theories of aging have been proposed. In the last years advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have received particular attention in this context. AGEs are formed in high amounts in diabetes but also in the physiological organism during aging. They have been etiologically implicated in numerous diabetes- and age-related diseases. Strategies inhibiting AGE accumulation and signaling seem to possess a therapeutic potential in these pathologies. However, still little is known on the precise role of AGEs during skin aging. In this review the existing literature on AGEs and skin aging will be reviewed. In addition, existing and potential anti-AGE strategies that may be beneficial on skin aging will be discussed. PMID:23467327

  2. Suited crewmember productivity.

    PubMed

    Barer, A S; Filipenkov, S N

    1994-01-01

    Analysis of the extravehicular activity (EVA) sortie experience gained in the former Soviet Union and physiologic hygienic aspect of space suit design and development shows that crewmember productivity is related to the following main factors: -space suit microclimate (gas composition, pressure and temperature); -limitation of motion activity and perception, imposed by the space suit; -good crewmember training in the ground training program; -level of crewmember general physical performance capabilities in connection with mission duration and intervals between sorties; -individual EVA experience (with accumulation) at which workmanship improves, while metabolism, physical and emotional stress decreases; -concrete EVA duration and work rate; -EVA bioengineering, including selection of tools, work station, EVA technology and mechanization. PMID:11541020

  3. Formate production through biocatalysis

    PubMed Central

    Alissandratos, Apostolos; Kim, Hye-Kyung; Easton, Christopher J

    2013-01-01

    The generation of formate from CO2 provides a method for sequestration of this greenhouse gas as well as the production of a valuable commodity chemical and stabilized form of hydrogen fuel. Formate dehydrogenases are enzymes with the potential to catalyze this reaction; however they generally favor the reverse process, i.e., formate oxidation. By contrast, the formate dehydrogenase of the acetogen Clostridium carboxidivorans has been found to preferentially catalyze the reduction of CO2. This is in accord with its natural role to introduce CO2 as a carbon source in the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway. The direction of catalysis derives from the enzyme’s low affinity for formate. This enzyme is therefore an excellent candidate for biotechnological applications aimed at producing formic acid and derivative chemicals from CO2. PMID:23841981

  4. Production of magnesium metal

    DOEpatents

    Blencoe, James G. (Harriman, TN) [Harriman, TN; Anovitz, Lawrence M. (Knoxville, TN) [Knoxville, TN; Palmer, Donald A. (Oliver Springs, TN) [Oliver Springs, TN; Beard, James S. (Martinsville, VA) [Martinsville, VA

    2010-02-23

    A process of producing magnesium metal includes providing magnesium carbonate, and reacting the magnesium carbonate to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The carbon dioxide is used as a reactant in a second process. In another embodiment of the process, a magnesium silicate is reacted with a caustic material to produce magnesium hydroxide. The magnesium hydroxide is reacted with a source of carbon dioxide to produce magnesium carbonate. The magnesium carbonate is reacted to produce a magnesium-containing compound and carbon dioxide. The magnesium-containing compound is reacted to produce magnesium metal. The invention further relates to a process for production of magnesium metal or a magnesium compound where an external source of carbon dioxide is not used in any of the reactions of the process. The invention also relates to the magnesium metal produced by the processes described herein.

  5. Hadron production experiments

    E-print Network

    Boris A. Popov

    2012-12-05

    The HARP and NA61/SHINE hadroproduction experiments as well as their implications for neutrino physics are discussed. HARP measurements have already been used for predictions of neutrino beams in K2K and Mini-BooNE/SciBooNE experiments and are also being used to improve the atmospheric neutrino flux predictions and to help in the optimization of neutrino factory and super-beam designs. First measurements released recently by the NA61/SHINE experiment are of significant importance for a precise prediction of the J-PARC neutrino beam used for the T2K experiment. Both HARP and NA61/SHINE experiments provide also a large amount of input for validation and tuning of hadron production models in Monte-Carlo generators.

  6. Hadron production experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Popov, Boris A.

    2013-02-01

    The HARP and NA61/SHINE hadroproduction experiments as well as their implications for neutrino physics are discussed. HARP measurements have already been used for predictions of neutrino beams in K2K and MiniBooNE/SciBooNE experiments and are also being used to improve the atmospheric neutrino flux predictions and to help in the optimization of neutrino factory and super-beam designs. First measurements released recently by the NA61/SHINE experiment are of significant importance for a precise prediction of the J-PARC neutrino beam used for the T2K experiment. Both HARP and NA61/SHINE experiments provide also a large amount of input for validation and tuning of hadron production models in Monte-Carlo generators.

  7. STS-9 BET products

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Findlay, J. T.; Kelly, G. M.; Heck, M. L.; Mcconnell, J. G.; Henry, M. W.

    1984-01-01

    The final products generated for the STS-9, which landed on December 8, 1983 are reported. The trajectory reconstruction utilized an anchor epoch of GMT corresponding to an initial altitude of h 356 kft, selected in view of the limited tracking coverage available. The final state utilized IMU2 measurements and was based on processing radar tracking from six C-bands and a single S-band station, plus six photo-theodolite cameras in the vicinity of Runway 17 at Edwards Air Force Base. The final atmosphere (FLAIR9/UN=581199C) was based on a composite of the remote measured data and the 1978 Air Force Reference Atmosphere model. The Extended BET is available as STS9BET/UN=274885C. The AEROBET and MMLE input files created are discussed. Plots of the more relevant parameters from the AEROBET (reel number NL0624) are included. Input parameters, final residual plots, a trajectory listing, and data archival information are defined.

  8. Production of zinc pellets

    DOEpatents

    Cooper, John F. (Oakland, CA)

    1996-01-01

    Uniform zinc pellets are formed for use in batteries having a stationary or moving slurry zinc particle electrode. The process involves the cathodic deposition of zinc in a finely divided morphology from battery reaction product onto a non-adhering electrode substrate. The mossy zinc is removed from the electrode substrate by the action of gravity, entrainment in a flowing electrolyte, or by mechanical action. The finely divided zinc particles are collected and pressed into pellets by a mechanical device such as an extruder, a roller and chopper, or a punch and die. The pure zinc pellets are returned to the zinc battery in a pumped slurry and have uniform size, density and reactivity. Applications include zinc-air fuel batteries, zinc-ferricyanide storage batteries, and zinc-nickel-oxide secondary batteries.

  9. Production of zinc pellets

    DOEpatents

    Cooper, J.F.

    1996-11-26

    Uniform zinc pellets are formed for use in batteries having a stationary or moving slurry zinc particle electrode. The process involves the cathodic deposition of zinc in a finely divided morphology from battery reaction product onto a non-adhering electrode substrate. The mossy zinc is removed from the electrode substrate by the action of gravity, entrainment in a flowing electrolyte, or by mechanical action. The finely divided zinc particles are collected and pressed into pellets by a mechanical device such as an extruder, a roller and chopper, or a punch and die. The pure zinc pellets are returned to the zinc battery in a pumped slurry and have uniform size, density and reactivity. Applications include zinc-air fuel batteries, zinc-ferricyanide storage batteries, and zinc-nickel-oxide secondary batteries. 6 figs.

  10. Light cone matrix product

    SciTech Connect

    Hastings, Matthew B [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01

    We show how to combine the light-cone and matrix product algorithms to simulate quantum systems far from equilibrium for long times. For the case of the XXZ spin chain at {Delta} = 0.5, we simulate to a time of {approx} 22.5. While part of the long simulation time is due to the use of the light-cone method, we also describe a modification of the infinite time-evolving bond decimation algorithm with improved numerical stability, and we describe how to incorporate symmetry into this algorithm. While statistical sampling error means that we are not yet able to make a definite statement, the behavior of the simulation at long times indicates the appearance of either 'revivals' in the order parameter as predicted by Hastings and Levitov (e-print arXiv:0806.4283) or of a distinct shoulder in the decay of the order parameter.

  11. Gross Primary Productivity

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    2002-01-01

    NASA's new Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) allows scientists to gauge our planet's metabolism on an almost daily basis. GPP, gross primary production, is the technical term for plant photosynthesis. This composite image over the continental United States, acquired during the period March 26-April 10, 2000, shows regions where plants were more or less productive-i.e., where they 'inhaled' carbon dioxide and then used the carbon from photosynthesis to build new plant structures. This false-color image provides a map of how much carbon was absorbed out of the atmosphere and fixed within land vegetation. Areas colored blue show where plants used as much as 60 grams of carbon per square meter. Areas colored green and yellow indicate a range of anywhere from 40 to 20 grams of carbon absorbed per square meter. Red pixels show an absorption of less than 10 grams of carbon per square meter and white pixels (often areas covered by snow or masked as urban) show little or no absorption. This is one of a number of new measurements that MODIS provides to help scientists understand how the Earth's landscapes are changing over time. Scientists' goal is use of these GPP measurements to refine computer models to simulate how the land biosphere influences the natural cycles of water, carbon, and energy throughout the Earth system. The GPP will be an integral part of global carbon cycle source and sink analysis, an important aspect of Kyoto Protocol assessments. This image is the first of its kind from the MODIS instrument, which launched in December 1999 aboard the Terra spacecraft. MODIS began acquiring scientific data on February 24, 2000, when it first opened its aperture door. The MODIS instrument and Terra spacecraft are both managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. Image courtesy Steven Running, MODIS Land Group Member, University of Montana

  12. Global production through 2005

    SciTech Connect

    Foreman, N.E. [Petroconsultants, Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

    1996-12-01

    Two companion studies released recently should provide great food for thought among geo-political strategists and various national governments. If predictions contained in these Petroconsultants studies of oil and gas production trends for the next 10 years are realized, there will be great repercussions for net exporters and importers, alike. After analyzing and predicting trends within each of the world`s significant producing nations for the 1996--2005 period, the crude oil and condensate report concludes tat global production will jump nearly 24%. By contrast, worldwide gas output will leap 40%. The cast of characters among producers and exporters that will benefit from these increases varies considerably for each fuel. On the oil side, Russia and the OPEC members, particularly the Persian Gulf nations, will be back in the driver`s seat in terms of affecting export and pricing patterns. On the gas side, the leading producers will be an interesting mix of mostly non-OPEC countries. The reemergence of Persian Gulf oil producers, coupled with an anticipated long-term decline among top non-OPEC producing nations should present a sobering picture to government planners within large net importers, such as the US. They are likely to find themselves in much the same supply trap as was experienced in the 1970s, only this time the dependence on foreign oil supplies will be much worse. Gas supplies will not be similarly constrained, and some substitution for oil is probable. Here, two articles, ``World oil industry is set for transition`` and ``Worldwide gas surges forward in next decade,`` present a summary of the findings detailed in Petroconsultants` recent studies.

  13. PRODUCTION OF CARBON PRODUCTS USING A COAL EXTRACTION PROCESS

    SciTech Connect

    Dady Dadyburjor; Philip R. Biedler; Chong Chen; L. Mitchell Clendenin; Manoj Katakdaunde; Elliot B. Kennel; Nathan D. King; Liviu Magean; Peter G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo

    2004-08-31

    This Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory sponsored project developed carbon products, using mildly hydrogenated solvents to extract the organic portion of coal to create synthetic pitches, cokes, carbon foam and carbon fibers. The focus of this effort was on development of lower cost solvents, milder hydrogenation conditions and improved yield in order to enable practical production of these products. This technology is needed because of the long-term decline in production of domestic feedstocks such as petroleum pitch and coal tar pitch. Currently, carbon products represents a market of roughly 5 million tons domestically, and 19 million tons worldwide. Carbon products are mainly derived from feedstocks such as petroleum pitch and coal tar pitch. The domestic supply of petroleum pitch is declining because of the rising price of liquid fuels, which has caused US refineries to maximize liquid fuel production. As a consequence, the long term trend has a decline in production of petroleum pitch over the past 20 years. The production of coal tar pitch, as in the case of petroleum pitch, has likewise declined significantly over the past two decades. Coal tar pitch is a byproduct of metallurgical grade coke (metcoke) production. In this industry, modern metcoke facilities are recycling coal tar as fuel in order to enhance energy efficiency and minimize environmental emissions. Metcoke production itself is dependent upon the production requirements for domestic steel. Hence, several metcoke ovens have been decommissioned over the past two decades and have not been replaced. As a consequence sources of coal tar are being taken off line and are not being replaced. The long-term trend is a reduction in coal tar pitch production. Thus import of feedstocks, mainly from Eastern Europe and China, is on the rise despite the relatively large transportation cost. To reverse this trend, a new process for producing carbon products is needed. The process must be economically competitive with current processes, and yet be environmentally friendly as well. The solvent extraction process developed uses mild hydrogenation of low cost oils to create powerful solvents that can dissolve the organic portion of coal. The insoluble portion, consisting mainly of mineral matter and fixed carbon, is removed via centrifugation or filtration, leaving a liquid solution of coal chemicals and solvent. This solution can be further refined via distillation to meet specifications for products such as synthetic pitches, cokes, carbon foam and fibers. The most economical process recycles 85% of the solvent, which itself is obtained as a low-cost byproduct from industrial processes such as coal tar or petroleum refining. Alternatively, processes have been developed that can recycle 100% of the solvent, avoiding any need for products derived from petroleum or coal tar.

  14. Waste product profile: Glass containers

    SciTech Connect

    Miller, C. [Environmental Industry Associations, Washington, DC (United States)

    1995-09-01

    In 1992, Waste Age initiated the Waste Product Profile series -- brief, factual listings of the solid waste management characteristics of materials in the solid waste stream. This popular series of profiles high-lighted a product, explained how it fit into integrated waste management systems, and provided current data on recycling and markets for the product. Glass containers are made from sand, limestone, soda ash, cullet (crushed bottles), and various additives, including those used to produce green, brown, and blue glass. Other glass products include flat glass, such as windows, and fiberglass products, such as insulation and glassware. These products are manufactured using different processes and different additives than container glass. This profile covers only glass containers.

  15. Compliance guide for laser products

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-09-01

    Manufacturers of products subject to performance standards under the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968 are required to furnish various reports to the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (FDA). The guide is for use by manufacturers of lasers and laser products in preparing Initial Reports and Model Change Reports on Lasers and Products Containing Lasers. The publication incorporates changes from the 1985 amendments to the standard and supersedes previous editions.

  16. Agricultural productivity in developing countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lilyan E. Fulginiti; Richard K. Perrin

    1998-01-01

    This paper examines changes in agricultural productivity in 18 developing countries over the period 1961–1985. We use a nonparametric, output-based Malmquist index and a parametric variable coefficients Cobb–Douglas production function to examine, whether our estimates confirm results from other studies that have indicated declining agricultural productivity in LDCs. The results confirm previous findings, indicating that at least half of these

  17. Productivity Improvement of a Manual Assembly Line

    E-print Network

    Yerasi, Pranavi

    2012-10-19

    The current project addresses the productivity improvement of a manual assembly line by making use of operations analysis in the framework of Lean production. A methodology is proposed that helps to improve the productivity of any production process...

  18. 27 CFR 19.304 - Production gauge.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Production gauge. 19.304 Section 19.304 ...TREASURY LIQUORS DISTILLED SPIRITS PLANTS Production of Distilled Spirits Rules for Production of Spirits § 19.304 Production...

  19. Product Development Practices for Meeting Financial Objectives

    E-print Network

    Makumbe, Pedzi

    2009-10-31

    This paper reports product development practices that separate the most successful product development programs from the rest. A detailed understanding of best product development practices is important because product ...

  20. 21 CFR 1002.10 - Product reports.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 8 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Product reports. 1002.10 Section 1002.10 Food...Required Manufacturers' Reports for Listed Electronic Products § 1002.10 Product reports. Every manufacturer of a product or...

  1. Implementing Product Line Variabilities Michalis Anastasopoulos

    E-print Network

    Newcastle upon Tyne, University of

    Implementing Product Line Variabilities Michalis Anastasopoulos Fraunhofer Institute@iese.fhg.de ABSTRACT Software product lines have numerous members. Thus, a product line infrastructure must cover for additional requirements on the various assets present during software product line engineering

  2. Comparing Product Development Processes and Managing Risk

    E-print Network

    Unger, Darian W.

    Product Development Processes (PDPs) require careful design to reduce development time, create better products and manage the risks of bringing new products to market. This paper investigates the relationship between product ...

  3. BD Biosciences Clontech Protein Purification Products

    E-print Network

    Lebendiker, Mario

    BD Biosciences Clontech Protein Purification Products From screening to production--a complete Biosciences Clontech Protein Purification Products #12;Notice to Purchaser The use of TALONTM products trademarks of Amersham Biosciences Limited. #12;Table of Contents Protein Purification Overview Protein

  4. 40 CFR 791.48 - Production volume.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ...2010-07-01 true Production volume. 791.48...ACT (CONTINUED) DATA REIMBURSEMENT Basis...Order § 791.48 Production volume. (a) Production...continues up to the latest data available upon resolution...reimbursement shares, production volume shall...

  5. 7 CFR 1170.4 - Dairy products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ...AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MILK), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PRODUCT MANDATORY REPORTING...4 Dairy products. Dairy Products means: (a) Manufactured dairy products that are used...Class III and Class IV milk under a Federal...

  6. 7 CFR 1170.4 - Dairy products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PRODUCT MANDATORY REPORTING...4 Dairy products. Dairy Products means: (a) Manufactured dairy products that are used...Class III and Class IV milk under a Federal...

  7. 7 CFR 1170.4 - Dairy products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ...AGREEMENTS AND ORDERS; MILK), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PRODUCT MANDATORY REPORTING...4 Dairy products. Dairy Products means: (a) Manufactured dairy products that are used...Class III and Class IV milk under a Federal...

  8. 7 CFR 1170.4 - Dairy products.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ...Agreements and Orders; Milk), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DAIRY PRODUCT MANDATORY REPORTING...4 Dairy products. Dairy Products means: (a) Manufactured dairy products that are used...Class III and Class IV milk under a Federal...

  9. Ochratoxin production by Aspergillus species.

    PubMed Central

    Varga, J; Kevei, E; Rinyu, E; Téren, J; Kozakiewicz, Z

    1996-01-01

    Ochratoxin production was tested in 172 strains representing species in sections Fumigati, Circumdati, Candidi, and Wentii of the genus Aspergillus by an immunochemical method using a monoclonal antibody preparation against ochratoxin A. Ochratoxin A was detected in Aspergillus ochraceus, A. alliaceus, A. sclerotiorum, A. sulphureus, A. albertensis, A. auricomus, and A. wentii strains. This is the first report of production of ochratoxins in the latter three species. Ochratoxin production by these species was confirmed by high-performance thin-layer chromatography and by high-performance liquid chromatography. The chemical methods also indicated the production of ochratoxin B by all of the Aspergillus strains mentioned above. PMID:8953717

  10. Top quark production at CDF

    SciTech Connect

    Moed, Shulamit; /Harvard U.

    2010-01-01

    The large data samples of top quark candidate events collected at the Tevatron CDF II experiment allow for a variety of measurements to analyze the production of the top quark. This article discusses recent results of top quark production at CDF presented at the SUSY09 conference, including updates to the top pair production cross section, forward-backward asymmetry in t{bar t} production, single top search, search for top resonances and a search for heavy top. The discussed measurements utilize up to 3.2 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected at CDF.

  11. Production Design: Holding It Together.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Connelly, James O.

    1994-01-01

    Discusses production design for videos. Outlines general considerations (opening, transitions, content areas, and closing) and specific considerations (typography, screen design, music, and sound effects). Offers an example. (SR)

  12. Top Quark Production at CDF

    SciTech Connect

    Moed, Shulamit [Harvard University, Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology, 18 Hammond St., Cambridge, MA, 02138 (United States)

    2010-02-10

    The large data samples of top quark candidate events collected at the Tevatron CDF II experiment allow for a variety of measurements to analyze the production of the top quark. This article discusses recent results of top quark production at CDF presented at the SUSY09 conference, including updates to the top pair production cross section, forward-backward asymmetry in tt-bar production, single top search, search for top resonances and a search for heavy top. The discussed measurements utilize up to 3.2 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected at CDF.

  13. HARP: a hadron production experiment

    E-print Network

    Emilio Radicioni

    2002-06-12

    Hadron production is a key ingredient in many aspects of neutrino physics. Precise prediction of atmospheric neutrino fluxes, characterization of accelerator neutrino beams, quantification of pion production and capture for neutrino factory designs, all of these would profit of high-statistics, high-precision hadron production measurements. In addition, such data is needed for the calibration of Monte-Carlo hadron production models. The HARP experiment at CERN is performing extensive measurements of cross sections and secondary particle yields to address these problems.

  14. Intermediate inputs and economic productivity.

    PubMed

    Baptist, Simon; Hepburn, Cameron

    2013-03-13

    Many models of economic growth exclude materials, energy and other intermediate inputs from the production function. Growing environmental pressures and resource prices suggest that this may be increasingly inappropriate. This paper explores the relationship between intermediate input intensity, productivity and national accounts using a panel dataset of manufacturing subsectors in the USA over 47 years. The first contribution is to identify sectoral production functions that incorporate intermediate inputs, while allowing for heterogeneity in both technology and productivity. The second contribution is that the paper finds a negative correlation between intermediate input intensity and total factor productivity (TFP)--sectors that are less intensive in their use of intermediate inputs have higher productivity. This finding is replicated at the firm level. We propose tentative hypotheses to explain this association, but testing and further disaggregation of intermediate inputs is left for further work. Further work could also explore more directly the relationship between material inputs and economic growth--given the high proportion of materials in intermediate inputs, the results in this paper are suggestive of further work on material efficiency. Depending upon the nature of the mechanism linking a reduction in intermediate input intensity to an increase in TFP, the implications could be significant. A third contribution is to suggest that an empirical bias in productivity, as measured in national accounts, may arise due to the exclusion of intermediate inputs. Current conventions of measuring productivity in national accounts may overstate the productivity of resource-intensive sectors relative to other sectors. PMID:23359736

  15. Early humour production.

    PubMed

    Hoicka, Elena; Akhtar, Nameera

    2012-11-01

    The current studies explored early humour as a complex socio-cognitive phenomenon by examining 2- and 3-year-olds' humour production with their parents. We examined whether children produced novel humour, whether they cued their humour, and the types of humour produced. Forty-seven parents were interviewed, and videotaped joking with their children. Other parents (N= 113) completed a survey. Parents reported children copy jokes during the first year of life, and produce novel jokes from 2 years. In play sessions, 3-year-olds produced mostly novel humorous acts; 2-year-olds produced novel and copied humorous acts equally frequently. Parents reported children smile, laugh, and look for a reaction when joking. In play sessions, 2- and 3-year-olds produced these behaviours more when producing humorous versus non-humorous acts. In both parent reports and play sessions, they produced novel object-based (e.g., underwear on head) and conceptual humour (e.g., 'pig says moo') and used wrong labels humorously (e.g., calling a cat a dog). Thus, parent report and child behaviour both confirm that young children produce novel humorous acts, and share their humour by smiling, laughing, and looking for a reaction. PMID:23039334

  16. STUDIES ON ANTIBODY PRODUCTION

    PubMed Central

    Ambrose, Charles T.; Coons, Albert H.

    1963-01-01

    When lymph node fragments from previously immunized rabbits were stimulated in vitro to produce a secondary response, the continuous presence of 50 µg/ml (0.15 mM) of chloramphenicol in the medium during the entire incubation period of 15 to 21 days produced nearly complete suppression of the response. Concentrations as low as 5 µg/ml (0.015 mM) produced approximately 80 per cent suppression of the response. When 50 µg/ml of chloramphenicol was present during only the first 6 days of culture, the secondary response was reduced 90 per cent. When it was absent for the first 6 days but present for the next 9 to 15 days, the response was reduced only 40 per cent. Since over 95 per cent of the antibody of the secondary response in most experiments appeared in the medium after the 6th day, chloramphenicol apparently inhibits antibody production by interfering with some early phase of the response. It is suggested that this interference involves messenger RNA and that animal cells have appeared resistant to this drug only because their complement of messenger RNA present when the drug has been added is stable over the short periods during which protein synthesis has usually been studied. PMID:14012518

  17. Characterization of Sterol Oxidation Products in Two Breaded Shrimp Products

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Two breaded shrimp products were examined for the changes in cholesterol, phytosterols, and fatty acids that occurred during cooking. The products were analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) in the raw, baked, and fried states after separation into breading and shrimp components. Cholesterol, campest...

  18. Green product design through product modularization using atomic theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shana Smith; Chao-Ching Yen

    2010-01-01

    With increasing environmental consciousness and the establishment of environmental protection regulations, green product design not only plays a crucial role in a modern industry but is also becoming the main focus of the future market. In this paper, an innovative method is presented that uses the concepts of atomic theory to solve design modularization problems for green product design. With

  19. STORED-PRODUCT Pheromone Production by Male Tribolium castaneum

    E-print Network

    Lewis, Sara

    exploiting a variety of stored products. We experimentally manipulated diet nutritional quality by using non-nutritive adult males. Volatiles released by individual males reared on high versus low nutrition diets were nutrition diet showed a three-fold increase in daily DMD production, which suggests the possibility

  20. Use of Molecular Markers for Catfish Production and Product Quality

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Channel catfish are a diploid species native to North America and the primary product of U.S. aquaculture, and molecular genetic research supports selective breeding of catfish for commercial production. To date, short tandem repeat loci have been used to characterize DNA sequence variation within ...

  1. Automatic product derivation of multi-agent systems product lines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Elder Cirilo; Ingrid Nunes; Uirá Kulesza; Camila Nunes; Carlos José Pereira De Lucena

    2009-01-01

    Multi-agent Systems (MASs) development and Software Product Lines (SPLs) are two consolidated software engineering techniques. Recent research work explores the integration between them by proposing new templates and adaptations to document SPL variability in the context of MASs. However, the automatic product derivation process is not addressed in these works. In this paper, we propose a new extension to our

  2. Data mining in design of products and production systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Kusiak; Matthew Smith

    2007-01-01

    As a new science, data mining is acquiring its own identity by refining the concepts from other disciplines as well as by entering new application areas. Designing products and manufacturing systems is increasingly becoming affected by the data mining pursuit. The paper outlines areas of product and manufacturing system design with a potential for data mining applications. The key challenges

  3. Documented Problem Solving: Gross Domestic Product Versus Gross National Product

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Linda Wilson

    The topic of gross domestic product (GDP) was introduced in class. The components of GDP - consumption, investment, government spending, and net exports - were discussed. The items that are excluded from GDP and the difference between GDP and gross national product (GNP) were also explained.

  4. Production of carboxylic acid and salt co-products

    DOEpatents

    Hanchar, Robert J.; Kleff, Susanne; Guettler, Michael V.

    2014-09-09

    This invention provide processes for producing carboxylic acid product, along with useful salts. The carboxylic acid product that is produced according to this invention is preferably a C.sub.2-C.sub.12 carboxylic acid. Among the salts produced in the process of the invention are ammonium salts.

  5. Evaluating Product Plans Using Real Options

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Prasenjit Shil; Venkat Allada

    2007-01-01

    Product planning helps a company to strategically plan its current and future product platforms and offer product variants in the marketplace. Product platforming is widely touted as a successful strategy for mass customization. However, due diligence should be exercised before implementing any product platform strategy. The product planning exercise should account for future uncertainties. Traditional financial tools such as the

  6. Operator product expansion algebra

    SciTech Connect

    Holland, Jan [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom)] [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom); Hollands, Stefan [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom) [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom); Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Leipzig, Brüderstr. 16, Leipzig, D-04103 (Germany)

    2013-07-15

    We establish conceptually important properties of the operator product expansion (OPE) in the context of perturbative, Euclidean ?{sup 4}-quantum field theory. First, we demonstrate, generalizing earlier results and techniques of hep-th/1105.3375, that the 3-point OPE, =?{sub C}C{sub A{sub 1A{sub 2A{sub 3}{sup C}}}}, usually interpreted only as an asymptotic short distance expansion, actually converges at finite, and even large, distances. We further show that the factorization identity C{sub A{sub 1A{sub 2A{sub 3}{sup B}}}}=?{sub C}C{sub A{sub 1A{sub 2}{sup C}}}C{sub CA{sub 3}{sup B}} is satisfied for suitable configurations of the spacetime arguments. Again, the infinite sum is shown to be convergent. Our proofs rely on explicit bounds on the remainders of these expansions, obtained using refined versions, mostly due to Kopper et al., of the renormalization group flow equation method. These bounds also establish that each OPE coefficient is a real analytic function in the spacetime arguments for non-coinciding points. Our results hold for arbitrary but finite loop orders. They lend support to proposals for a general axiomatic framework of quantum field theory, based on such “consistency conditions” and akin to vertex operator algebras, wherein the OPE is promoted to the defining structure of the theory.

  7. Waste form product characteristics

    SciTech Connect

    Taylor, L.L.; Shikashio, R.

    1995-01-01

    The Department of Energy has operated nuclear facilities at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) to support national interests for several decades. Since 1953, it has supported the development of technologies for the storage and reprocessing of spent nuclear fuels (SNF) and the resultant wastes. However, the 1992 decision to discontinue reprocessing of SNF has left nearly 768 MT of SNF in storage at the INEL with unspecified plans for future dispositioning. Past reprocessing of these fuels for uranium and other resource recovery has resulted in the production of 3800 M{sup 3} calcine and a total inventory of 7600 M{sup 3} of radioactive liquids (1900 M{sup 3} destined for immediate calcination and the remaining sodium-bearing waste requiring further treatment before calcination). These issues, along with increased environmental compliance within DOE and its contractors, mandate operation of current and future facilities in an environmentally responsible manner. This will require satisfactory resolution of spent fuel and waste disposal issues resulting from the past activities. A national policy which identifies requirements for the disposal of SNF and high level wastes (HLW) has been established by the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA) Sec.8,(b) para(3)) [1982]. The materials have to be conditioned or treated, then packaged for disposal while meeting US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulations. The spent fuel and HLW located at the INEL will have to be put into a form and package that meets these regulatory criteria. The emphasis of Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) future operations has shifted toward investigating, testing, and selecting technologies to prepare current and future spent fuels and waste for final disposal. This preparation for disposal may include mechanical, physical and/or chemical processes, and may differ for each of the various fuels and wastes.

  8. DSRP, Direct Sulfur Production

    SciTech Connect

    Gangwal, S.K.; McMichael, W.J.; Agarwal, S.K.; Jang, B.L.; Howe, G.B. [Research Triangle Inst., Research Triangle Park, NC (United States); Chen, D.H.; Hopper, J.R. [Lamar Univ., Beaumont, TX (United States)

    1993-08-01

    Hot-gas desulfurization processes for IGCC and other advanced power applications utilize regenerable mixed-metal oxide sorbents to remove hydrogen sulfide (H{sub 2}S) from raw coal gas. Regeneration of these sorbents produces an off-gas typically containing I to 3 percent sulfur dioxide (SO{sub 2}). Production of elemental sulfur is a highly desirable option for the ultimate disposal of the SO{sub 2} content of this off-gas. Elemental sulfur, an essential industrial commodity, is easily stored and transported. As shown in Figure 1, the DSRP consists of two catalytic reactors, each followed by a sulfur condenser. Hot regenerator off-gas is mixed with a hot coal-gas slip stream and fed to the first DSRP reactor. Approximately 95 percent of the sulfur gas in the inlet stream of the first reactor is converted to elemental sulfur. The outlet gas of the first DSRP reactor is cooled, condensing out sulfur. The gas could be recycled after the Stage I condenser. Alteratively, by adjusting the proportion of coal gas to regenerator off-gas, the effluent composition of the first reactor can be controlled to produce an H{sub 2}S-to-SO{sub 2} ratio of 2 to 1 at 95 percent sulfur conversion. The cooled gas stream is then passed to the second DSRP reactor where 80 to 90 percent of the remaining sulfur compounds are converted to elemental sulfur via the modified Claus reaction at high pressure. The total efficiency of the two reactors for the conversion of sulfur compounds to elemental sulfur is projected to be about 99.5 percent.

  9. Word Production Deficits in Schizophrenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marvel, Cherie L.; Schwartz, Barbara L.; Isaacs, Keren L.

    2004-01-01

    Fronto-cerebellar circuitry is implicated in word production. Data suggest that the cerebellum is involved in word "search," whereas the prefrontal cortex underlies the "selection" of words from among competing alternatives. We explored the role of search and selection processes in word production deficits in schizophrenia patients. In Experiment…

  10. HPC Productivity: An Overarching View

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jeremy Kepner

    2004-01-01

    The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) High Productivity Computing Systems (HPCS) program is focused on providing a new generation of economically viable high productivity computing systems for national security and for the industrial user community. The value of a high performance computing (HPC) system to a user includes many factors, such as execution time on a particular problem, software

  11. Warped products and black holes

    E-print Network

    Soon-Tae Hong

    2006-01-06

    We apply the warped product spacetime scheme to the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black holes and the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om-anti-de Sitter black hole to investigate their interior solutions in terms of warped products. It is shown that there exist no discontinuities of the Ricci and Einstein curvatures across event horizons of these black holes.

  12. IPM IN STORED PRODUCT ENTOMOLOGY

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    This presentation will be the introduction to the symposium "Integrated Pest Management (IPM) in Stored Product Entomology", presented as part of the 5th National IPM Conference. The introduction will describe the unique challenges of pest management in stored-product environments, and examine some ...

  13. [Dairy product consumption in France].

    PubMed

    Harari, Mona

    2008-04-01

    The French are among the biggest European consumers of dairy products. Characterized by a negative trend during the last 10 to 15 years, the French market shows relatively low liquid milk and high cheese and yogurt consumption. Consumption varies with age, gender, and the type of product. PMID:19024943

  14. Scanning Productivity in Interlibrary Loan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedersen, Wayne A.; Runestad, Anders

    2009-01-01

    The authors report findings of a research study conducted at the Iowa State University Library. Data was gathered on the scanning of library materials by students working in the Interlibrary Loan (ILL) unit. The goals of the study were fourfold: (1) Develop measures of scanning productivity in ILL, (2) Determine if it is more productive to scan…

  15. Bioethanol production: Status and prospects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James D. McMillan

    1997-01-01

    Production of fuel ethanol from renewable lignocellulosic materials (“bioethanol”) has the potential to reduce burgeoning world dependence on petroleum while decreasing net emissions of carbon dioxide, the principal greenhouse gas. This paper reviews the benefits and status of bioethanol production technology, focusing mostly on recent developments in the United States of America. The composition of representative lignocellulosic biomass species is

  16. Baxter Algebras and Shuffle Products

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Li Guo; William Keigher

    2000-01-01

    In this paper we generalize the well-known construction of shuffle product\\u000aalgebras by using mixable shuffles, and prove that any free Baxter algebra is\\u000aisomorphic to a mixable shuffle product algebra. This gives an explicit\\u000aconstruction of the free Baxter algebra, extending the work of Rota and\\u000aCartier.

  17. Production Guide for Organic Grapes

    E-print Network

    Keinan, Alon

    Production Guide for Organic Grapes 2014 NYS IPM Publication No. 224 Integrated Pest Management New York State Department of Agriculture & Markets #12;2014 Production Guide for Organic Grapes Cooperative Extension, Lake Erie Regional Grape Program) Terry Bates (Cornell University, Department

  18. MISR L3 Regional Products

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-07-23

    ... The MISR Level 3 Products  are global or regional maps of select parameters from the Level 2 products and associated covariances ... multiple orbits are combined to make complete Level 3 global maps at daily (D), monthly (M), quarterly (Q), and yearly (Y) time scales and ...

  19. Isotope Production Facility FOCUSAugust 2011

    E-print Network

    Isotope Production Facility FOCUSAugust 2011 #12;The Pulse FOCUS--Special topics newsletter this special issue of the AOT & LANSCE Pulse focusing on the Isotope Production Facility (IPF). I find. Meiring Nortier performs early experiments on actinium-225, a promising isotope for cancer treatment

  20. Transverse Energy Production at RHIC

    E-print Network

    Qun Li; Yang Pang; Nu Xu

    1999-06-18

    We study the mechanism of transverse energy (E_T) production in Au+Au collisions at RHIC. The time evolution starting from the initial energy loss to the final E_T production is closely examined in transport models. The relationship between the experimentally measured E_T distribution and the maximum energy density achieved is discussed.

  1. Photoinduced Biohydrogen Production from Biomass

    PubMed Central

    Amao, Yutaka

    2008-01-01

    Photoinduced biohydrogen production systems, coupling saccharaides biomass such as sucrose, maltose, cellobiose, cellulose, or saccharides mixture hydrolysis by enzymes and glucose dehydrogenase (GDH), and hydrogen production with platinum colloid as a catalyst using the visible light-induced photosensitization of Mg chlorophyll-a (Mg Chl-a) from higher green plant or artificial chlorophyll analog, zinc porphyrin, are introduced. PMID:19325796

  2. Aging And Productivity Among Economists

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sharon M. Oster; Daniel S. Hamermesh

    1998-01-01

    Economists'productivity over their careers and as measured by publication in leading journals declines very sharply with age. There is no difference by age in the probability that an article submitted to a leading journal will be accepted. Rates of declining productivity are no greater among the very top publishers than among others, and the probability of acceptance is increasingly related

  3. Administrative Approaches to Educational Productivity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koski, William S.; Levin, Henry M.

    1998-01-01

    Presents an institutional framework for raising higher education productivity through administrative and organizational devices: first, by examining two theories for explaining rising higher education costs and their different policy consequences, and then by presenting an administrative process for improving productivity that focuses on…

  4. Noncommutative Translations and *-PRODUCT Formalism

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Daszkiewicz, Marcin; Lukierski, Jerzy; Woronowicz, Mariusz

    2008-09-01

    We consider the noncommutative space-times with Lie-algebraic noncommutativity (e.g. ?-deformed Minkowski space). In the framework with classical fields we extend the *-product in order to represent the noncommutative translations in terms of commutative ones. We show the translational invariance of noncommutative bilinear action with local product of noncommutative fields. The quadratic noncommutativity is also briefly discussed.

  5. Products and Processes: Synergistic Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Virginia; Husid, Whitney

    2013-01-01

    Most people agree that products are the culmination of what students have studied. For this article, "product" will refer to students' abilities to create outcomes and design artifacts. Those abilities are guided by four processes: inquiry-based learning, use of a research model, use of Web 2.0 tools, and appropriate assessments.…

  6. Gas production during refuse decomposition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. J. Farquhar; F. A. Rovers

    1973-01-01

    Gas production in sanitary landfills is a subject of much concern because of the potential hazards of CH4 combustion and of groundwater contamination by CO2. This study investigated the pattern of sanitary landfill gas production and the factors which affect it.

  7. What Scanner products are available?

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-12-08

    There are single satellite and combined-satellite scanner products. The best source for ... all the S4G monthly mean 2.5 degree gridded data from both single satellite and combined-satellite product in ASCII format. Also, ordering ...

  8. Photoparameters in Photofermentative Biohydrogen Production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Venkataramana Gadhamshetty; Anoop Sukumaran; Nagamany Nirmalakhandan

    2010-01-01

    Research on hydrogen production by photofermentation has gained renewed interest in recent times because of its potential to generate hydrogen from renewable sources in a sustainable manner for use as an alternate energy carrier. Photofermentative bacteria use nitrogenase enzyme in the presence of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and reducing power for hydrogen production in photobioreactors (PBRs). Depending on the pigments present

  9. Medical ice slurry production device

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kenneth E. Kasza; John Oras; HyunJin Son

    2008-01-01

    The present invention relates to an apparatus for producing sterile ice slurries for medical cooling applications. The apparatus is capable of producing highly loaded slurries suitable for delivery to targeted internal organs of a patient, such as the brain, heart, lungs, stomach, kidneys, pancreas, and others, through medical size diameter tubing. The ice slurry production apparatus includes a slurry production

  10. PRODUCTION OF MANNITOL BY FERMENTATION

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Mannitol, a naturally occurring polyol, is widely used in the food, pharmaceutical, medicine and chemical industry. The production of mannitol by fermentation has become attractive because of the problems associated with its production by chemical methods. We have selected Lactobacillus intermediu...

  11. What Is Available Training Products

    E-print Network

    US Army Corps of Engineers

    What Is Available Training Products: Army Values Training. This training package includes video that include scenarios on sexual harassment, sexual assault, and hazing are available online at http://CAPE.ARMY.MIL. Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention (SHARP) has developed training products for Army

  12. Upland Rice Production in Brazil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. P. Barbosa Filho; T. Yamada

    Most of the upland rice produced in Brazil is on Oxisols with low water-holding capacity and often with low fertility. This article outlines some of the management practices being studied for sustainable rice production systems. Upland rice occupied 2.4 million ha or 64 percent of the total rice area in Brazil in 1999 (Table 1). However, due to lower productivity

  13. Guidelines for Greenhouse Raspberry Production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    UMass Extension

    Greenhouse Raspberry Production Summary: Greenhouse raspberry production is a system of growing floricane fruiting raspberries in containers that can be moved into a greenhouse after the plants' chilling requirement has been met (around 800 - 1000 hrs @ < 45°F). This is usually accomplished by the middle of December under outdoor conditions in New England. Once moved indoors, they will

  14. Onion Seed Production in California

    E-print Network

    Bradford, Kent

    Onion Seed Production in California RONALD E. VOSS, Cooperative Extension Vegetable Specialist, Colusa County; KENT BRADFORD, Professor and Seed Physiologist, Department of Vegetable Crops, University Center, Imperial Valley. P R O D U C T I O N A R E A S A N D S E A S O N S Commercial seed production

  15. Planning for Profitable Egg Production

    E-print Network

    Magee, A. C. (Aden Combs); Stone, B. H.; Wormeli, B. C. (Ben C.)

    1964-01-01

    Consumption .......................................... 6 Sources of Feed .............................................. 6 Labor Requirements ........................................ 6 Production Costs .............................................. 7 Egg.... Also, detailed monthly records rye kept of the amount and cost of feed used, medi- 1 ),inn, utilities, purchase of replacements, labor re- ~,l~irements, repair ancl replacement of equipment lltl nll other production cost items. All egg sales ( nil...

  16. Game Coloring the Cartesian Product

    E-print Network

    Zhu, Xuding

    Game Coloring the Cartesian Product of Graphs Xuding Zhu1,2 1DEPARTMENT OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS to each vertex a set of n degree 1 neighbors. If G has game coloring number m and G has acyclic chromatic number k, then the Cartesian product G G has game chromatic number at most k(k+m - 1). As a consequence

  17. PRODUCTION OF MANNITOL BY FERMENTATION

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Mannitol, a naturally occurring polyol or sugar alcohol, is widely used in the food, pharmaceutical, medicine, and chemical industries. The production of mannitol by fermentation has become attractive because of the problems associated with its production chemically. A number of lactic acid bacter...

  18. Simulated Batch Production of Penicillin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whitaker, A.; Walker, J. D.

    1973-01-01

    Describes a program in applied biology in which the simulation of the production of penicillin in a batch fermentor is used as a teaching technique to give students experience before handling a genuine industrial fermentation process. Details are given for the calculation of minimum production cost. (JR)

  19. Controllability of holistic production control

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Miha Glavan; Dejan Gradisar

    2012-01-01

    Holistic production control introduces a concept for production process optimisation, which is based on detailed analysis of historical process data. Selection of the most influential manipulative variables represents an important HPC design step. Therefore, the selected set of variables should be additionally validated with controllability analysis. Appropriate space-based controllability measure for HPC is presented, where achievable output space is examined.

  20. Sublexical Effects in Word Production

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knobel, Mark Daniel

    2009-01-01

    When speaking, how do we convert our thoughts into the sounds that come out of our mouths? Though seemingly effortless, the process of word production is realized by a complex system working over different levels of representation. By focusing on the sublexical factors, this work investigates the representations and dynamics of the word production

  1. Production cost methods and data

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Jeffe, R. E.; Fujita, T.

    1975-01-01

    The general gas cost equation for utility financing is presented. Modifications and assumptions made in order to apply the cost equation to hydrogen production are described. Cost data are given for various methods of hydrogen production. The cost matrix procedure is briefly discussed.

  2. Remarks on the Sequential Products

    E-print Network

    Liu Weihua; Wu Zhaoqi; Wu Junde

    2010-09-14

    In this paper, we show that those sequential products which were proposed by Liu and Shen and Wu in [J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. {\\bf 42}, 185206 (2009), J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. {\\bf 42}, 345203 (2009)] are just unitary equivalent to the sequential product $A\\circ B=A^{\\frac{1}{2}}BA^{\\frac{1}{2}}$.

  3. Radioisotope production targets and modules

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Johnson, R. R.; Erdman, K.; Gyles, W.; Burbee, J.; Manegoda, A.; Sabaiduc, V.; Kovac, B.; VanLier, E.; Wong, J.; Watt, R.; Wilson, J.; Zyuzin, A.

    2005-12-01

    We have experienced the need to supply full radioisotope production systems that incorporate the accelerator, the beam lines, the targets and the radiochemistry in a unified package. The key component improvements are higher beam currents, more robust production targets, and efficient radiosynthesis modules. This note describes the progress we have made to produce efficient, high yield systems.

  4. WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN

    E-print Network

    WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL AND OIL UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR · FISH THIS REPORT IS A GENERAL ACCOUNT OF THE WORLD ' S PRO- DUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL AND OIL. IN 1959- DICATE WHAT IS INCLUDED BESIDES FISHMEAL AND FISH BODY OIL. #12;WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL

  5. Measurement of ozone production sensor

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria Del Carmen Cazorla Andrade

    2010-01-01

    The Measurement of Ozone Production Sensor (MOPS) is a new ambient air monitor that measures directly the rate of ozone production in the atmosphere. The sensor consists of two environmental chambers made of UV-transmitting Teflon film continuously exposed to the solar radiation, a unit to convert NO2 to O3, and a modified ozone monitor. In the sample chamber, photolysis processes

  6. Slime production by Staphylococcus saprophyticus.

    PubMed Central

    Hjelm, E; Lundell-Etherden, I

    1991-01-01

    Only 9 of 30 Staphylococcus saprophyticus strains produced slime in trypticase soy broth, while all did so in urine. It was found that urea was essential for the production of slime. The pH, the iron concentration, or the presence of sex hormones did not affect slime production. PMID:1987058

  7. Product Fair Returns to IIT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Latman, Larry A.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    The Illinois Institute of Technology, in cooperation with the University of Illinois at Chicago Circle, sponsored its second annual Product Fair in which engineering students could examine products provided by numerous vendors. Students could increase their consumer knowledge of a wide variety of supplies offered by college bookstores. (LBH)

  8. Production of novel microbial biopolymers

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Microorganisms are well known to produce a wide variety of biobased polymers. These biopolymers have found a wide range of commercial uses, including food, feed, and consumer and industrial products. The production and possible uses of several novel biopolymers from both bacteria and fungi will be d...

  9. Entrepreneurship: Productive, Unproductive, and Destructive

    Microsoft Academic Search

    William J. Baumol

    1990-01-01

    The basic hypothesis is that, while the total supply of entrepreneurs varies among societies, the productive contribution of the society's entrepreneurial activities varies much more because of their alloca- tion between productive activities such as innovation and largely unproductive activities such as rent seeking or organized crime. This allocation is heavily influenced by the relative payoffs society offers to such

  10. Electricity Production Using Solar Energy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. F. Demirbas

    2007-01-01

    In this study, a solar-powered development project is used to identify whether it is possible to utilize solar technologies in the electricity production sector. Electricity production from solar energy has been found to be a promising method in the future. Concentrated solar energy can be converted to chemical energy via high-temperature endothermic reactions. Coal and biomass can be pyrolyzed or

  11. 2013 Domestic Uranium Production Report

    E-print Network

    2013 Domestic Uranium Production Report May 2014 Independent Statistics & Analysis www.eia.gov U Administration | 2013 Domestic Uranium Production Report ii Contacts This report was prepared by the staff of the Renewables and Uranium Statistics Team, Office of Electricity, Renewables, and Uranium Statistics. Questions

  12. Natural products and caries prevention.

    PubMed

    Cheng, Lei; Li, Jiyao; He, Libang; Zhou, Xuedong

    2015-01-01

    Dental caries is considered as the most common polymicrobial oral disease in the world. With the aim of developing alternative approaches to reduce or prevent the decay, numerous papers showed the potential anticaries activity of a number of natural products. The natural products with anticaries effects are selected from e.g. food, beverages, flowers or traditional herbs. Most of the effective components are proven to be polyphenol compounds. Many of the natural products are studied as antibacterial agents, while some of them are found to be effective in shifting the de-/remineralization balance. However, the mechanisms of the anticaries effects are still unclear for most of the natural products. In the future, more efforts need to be made to seek novel effective natural products via in vitro experiment, animal study and in situ investigations, as well as to enhance their anticaries effects with the help of novel technology like nanotechnology. PMID:25871417

  13. Caviars and fish roe products.

    PubMed

    Bledsoe, G E; Bledsoe, C D; Rasco, B

    2003-01-01

    Fish roe products are extremely valuable and currently enjoy expanding international and domestic markets. Caviars represent the best-known form of fish roe products; however, several other product forms are also consumed, including whole skeins and formulations with oils and cheese bases. Caviars are made from fish roe after the eggs have been graded, sorted, singled-out, salted or brined, and cured. Most caviar is marketed as a refrigerated or frozen food. Several types of caviar from different fish species are marketed as shelf-stable products. Market preferences for lower salt content have raised food safety concerns. Descriptions of and processing technologies for many delightful fish roe and caviar food products are presented here. PMID:12822675

  14. Ethanol production by Zymomonas mobilis

    SciTech Connect

    Strandberg, G.W.; Scott, C.D.; Donaldson, T.L.; Worden, R.M.

    1983-01-01

    Research progress is described on the development of laboratory-scale columnar bioreactors utilizing the flocculent bacterium, X. mobilis, for ethanol production. X. mobilis forms stable, ball-like aggregates which maintain structural integrity even when subjected to the high shear forces generated in the active 3-phase fluidized-bed reactors. Cell retention and ethanol production were studied using 3 bioreactor configurations. Ethanol productivity appeared to be primarily affected by glucose feed concentration. In addition, it was found that in the absence of nutrients, the level of ethanol productivity can be maintained for at least 1 h before a severe drop occurred. Ethanol inhibition is considered to be a limiting factor in ethanol production. (DMC)

  15. Semantic priming with product verification but not production.

    PubMed

    Campbell, Jamie I D

    2011-12-01

    Campbell and Reynvoet (2009) found that time to name a single-digit target was about 8 ms faster if preceded by a near prime (±1) compared to a far prime (at least ±3) when prime-digit pairs were interleaved with number comparisons (9?3; name larger) and not when they were interleaved with multiplication problems (9×3; state product). This is consistent with the claim by previous researchers that magnitude comparison can enable a semantic pathway for digit naming whereas number-fact retrieval can inhibit it. To pursue this, the current study compared priming in the context of multiplication production (9×3=?) versus multiplication verification (e.g., 9×3=24, true or false). Multiplication production, but not verification, may inhibit semantic digit naming to reduce naming-related interference with verbal number production. Indeed, semantic priming of digit naming occurred only in verification and not production blocks. This supports the conclusion that multiplication production can inhibit semantic mediation of digit naming, which is enabled in other number processing tasks (e.g., comparison, verification) that do not compete with naming for verbal number production processes. PMID:21728405

  16. The effect of PPS on hospital product and productivity.

    PubMed

    Long, M J; Chesney, J D; Ament, R P; DesHarnais, S I; Fleming, S T; Kobrinski, E J; Marshall, B S

    1987-06-01

    The results suggest that Prospective Payment System (PPS) prompted a reduction in the proportion of Medicare patients that were discharged, for whom the hospital considered the episode of care to be completed. The results also show a reduction in the proportion of patients discharged dead. When controlling for patient type, the results support the findings, but the magnitude of the change that might be attributed to PPS is somewhat smaller. Proportional changes in the input measures for all patients were next considered. The results indicate that fewer diagnostic tests, fewer laboratory tests, and fewer x-rays were used in 1984. Laboratory tests showed the most dramatic decrease. LOS decreased, but the drug input remained fairly constant. A productivity index that reflects the change in the input measure while controlling for patient type was developed. The results provide strong evidence of a productivity increase in all products for Medicare patients. The drug input did not contribute to the productivity increase. The 50 most frequent DRGs for Medicare patients were examined separately for productivity changes by product. The results further support the findings of an increase in productivity. PMID:3121951

  17. Utilization of Biodiesel By-Products for Biogas Production

    PubMed Central

    Kolesárová, Nina; Hut?an, Miroslav; Bodík, Igor; Špalková, Viera

    2011-01-01

    This contribution reviews the possibility of using the by-products from biodiesel production as substrates for anaerobic digestion and production of biogas. The process of biodiesel production is predominantly carried out by catalyzed transesterification. Besides desired methylesters, this reaction provides also few other products, including crude glycerol, oil-pressed cakes, and washing water. Crude glycerol or g-phase is heavier separate liquid phase, composed mainly by glycerol. A couple of studies have demonstrated the possibility of biogas production, using g-phase as a single substrate, and it has also shown a great potential as a cosubstrate by anaerobic treatment of different types of organic waste or energy crops. Oil cakes or oil meals are solid residues obtained after oil extraction from the seeds. Another possible by-product is the washing water from raw biodiesel purification, which is an oily and soapy liquid. All of these materials have been suggested as feasible substrates for anaerobic degradation, although some issues and inhibitory factors have to be considered. PMID:21403868

  18. Tensor-product vs. geometric-product coding

    E-print Network

    Diederik Aerts; Marek Czachor

    2007-09-10

    Quantum computation is based on tensor products and entangled states. We discuss an alternative to the quantum framework where tensor products are replaced by geometric products and entangled states by multivectors. The resulting theory is analogous to quantum computation but does not involve quantum mechanics. We discuss in detail similarities and differences between the two approaches and illustrate the formulas by explicit geometric objects where multivector versions of the Bell-basis, GHZ, and Hadamard states are visualized by means of colored oriented polylines.

  19. EPA's designated products in eight categories: Construction Products

    E-print Network

    Carpet Carpet cushion Cement and concrete containing: - Coal fly ash - Ground granulated blast furnace slag - Cenospheres - Silica fume Consolidated and reprocessed latex paint Floor tiles Flowable fill tires Miscellaneous Products Awards and plaques Bike racks Blasting grit Industrial drums Manual

  20. Cross product in N Dimensions - the doublewedge product

    E-print Network

    Carlo Andrea Gonano; Riccardo Enrico Zich

    2014-07-21

    The cross product frequently occurs in Physics and Engineering, since it has large applications in many contexts, e.g. for calculating angular momenta, torques, rotations, volumes etc. Though this mathematical operator is widely used, it is commonly expressed in a 3-D notation which gives rise to many paradoxes and difficulties. In fact, instead of other vector operators like scalar product, the cross product is defined just in 3-D space, it does not respect reflection rules and invokes the concept of "handedness". In this paper we are going to present an extension of cross product in an arbitrary number N of spatial Dimensions, different from the one adopted in the Exterior Algebra and explicitly designed for an easy calculus of moments.

  1. Enhancing Product Development Through Parametric and Product Data Management Tools

    E-print Network

    in product engineering and in the factory for programming CNC machinery. In many companies, the use of CAD Graphic Communications Program John Summey Furniture Manufacturing and Management Center North Carolina

  2. Propellant production on Mars - Single cell oxygen production test bed

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Colvin, James; Schallhorn, Paul; Ramohalli, Kumar

    1991-01-01

    A study focusing on oxygen production using resources indigenous to Mars is presented. A bank of solid zirconia electrolytic cells that will electrochemically separate oxygen from a high temperature stream of carbon dioxide is at the center of the oxygen production system. The experimental data are discussed with attention given to the cell operating temperature, the carbon dioxide flow rate, and the voltage applied across the cell.

  3. MODIS Ocean Primary Productivity: Data Products and Services

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Turpie, K. R.; Esaias, W. E.

    2001-05-01

    Ocean primary production (OPP) is defined as the rate of inorganic carbon uptake into the ocean biosphere, minus respiration. Biological processes can remove carbon from the ocean reservoir, providing an important potential sink for atmospheric carbon. This carbon flux into the ocean biosphere constitutes the base of the pelagic marine food web, directly affecting fishery productivity. Weekly indices of ocean primary production are being generated at Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) using semi-analytic and statistical models and remote sensing from the MODIS instrument. The Behrenfeld and Falkowski model is used to provide an estimate of OPP over the full euphotic zone and the Howard, Yoder and Ryan model is used to estimate production in the upper mixed layer. These global data products are produced at resolutions of 4.6 km, 36 km, and 1 degree, and are available to the public through the GSFC Distributive Active Archive Center (GDAAC). Means for weekly periods, basic statistics, and input parameters are available as mapped images and binned files. In addition, limited access and visualization capability of these products are available at the OPP Science Computing Facility (OPP/SCF) website at http://opp.gsfc.nasa.gov. Annual estimates of OPP generated by empirical algorithms will be available after the first year of data is processed. Research products providing similar information generated with SeaWiFS data will also be made available in the near future. The availability of these various products will open new opportunities to deepen our understanding the biological health of our oceans and the role of the ocean biosphere in the carbon cycle.

  4. Coal combustion products 2007 production and use report

    SciTech Connect

    NONE

    2009-07-01

    The American Coal Ash Association's 2007 Annual Coal Combustion Products (CCP) are derived from data from more than 170 power plants. The amount of CCPs used was 40.55%, a decrease of 2.88% from 2006, attributed to reduced fuel burn and a decrease in demand in the building industry. Figures are given for the production of fly ash, flue gas desulfurization gypsum, bottom ash, FBC ash and boiler slag. The article summarises results of the survey. 1 ref., 1 tab.

  5. Heavy-flavor production overview

    SciTech Connect

    Jeffrey A. Appel

    2003-12-10

    This talk serves as an introduction to the Heavy-Flavor session of the XXXIII International Symposium on Multiparticle Dynamics. A major focus of this session is on the production of heavy quarks. The talks which follow review the latest results on heavy quark production in strong, electromagnetic, and weak interactions, as well as some of the physics of the heavy quarks themselves. This talk emphasizes what we can learn from the production measurements, both about underlying QCD theory and the partonic nature of the hadrons which we see in the laboratory.

  6. Isoprene Production by Marine Phytoplankton

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Shaw, S. L.; Chisholm, S. W.; Prinn, R. G.

    2001-12-01

    The oceans are a small source of non-methane hydrocarbons (NMHC). Previous work has established a photochemical source in the water column for many alkenes, and a phytoplanktonic source for isoprene. The focus of this work was to gain further insight on marine microbiological cycling of NMHC. A variety of phytoplankton species were examined for the ability to produce isoprene in laboratory cultures. All were found to have constant isoprene production rates per cell during exponential growth, with decreasing rates as the populations reached stationary phase. Production rates ranged from approximately 1x10-21 to 2x10-18 moles (cell)-1 (day)-1 for the different species. A positive allometric correlation between isoprene production rate and cell volume was found; highest production rates per cell were found for the largest cell tested, Emiliania huxleyi, and lowest rates for Prochlorococcus, the smallest. Isoprene production by Prochlorococcus was found to be a function of light intensity and temperature, with patterns similar to the relationships between growth rate of this species and these environmental parameters. Grazing (by Cafeteria roenbergensis) and cyanophage infection of Prochlorococcus both caused cell mortality, and thus the total amount of isoprene produced declined. While isoprene production per cell remained constant in the grazed cultures, there was a decrease in isoprene production per cell associated with the latent stage of cyanophage infection. We also regularly monitored 5 other NMHC, but detected no clear production or consumption of ethane, ethene, propene, 2-mepropene, or hexane from any of the phytoplankton or heterotrophic organisms tested. Total isoprene production in the water column was estimated for both oligotrophic and North Atlantic ocean regions using reported in situ measurements of cell abundance and our laboratory production rates. These estimates are on the order of 1 to 10 (x107 molecules isoprene (cm)-2 (sec)-1), which is similar to previously reported estimates of ocean-atmosphere isoprene flux based on measured surface water and air concentrations. Inclusion of the light and temperature dependencies of cellular isoprene production may influence these estimates. As expected, isoprene production rates from phytoplankton are small compared to those from higher plants, but may be sufficient to affect the chemistry of the remote atmospheric boundary layer.

  7. [Sanitary classification of publishing products].

    PubMed

    Teksheva, L M

    2001-01-01

    The natural asthenopic pattern of the process of reading shows it necessary to set sanitary standards of publishing production, namely, printing type styling and the printing quality of publications. The necessity of sanitary classification of publishing production stems from the specificity of reading the publications of different functional uses and from the physiological features of vision in different age group readers. The developed sanitary classification of printing production is based on the researches into the actual visual load while reading the publications of different types by readers of different ages. PMID:11236475

  8. Production and Distribution of NASA MODIS Remote Sensing Products

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wolfe, Robert

    2007-01-01

    The two Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instruments on-board NASA's Earth Observing System (EOS) Terra and Aqua satellites make key measurements for understanding the Earth's terrestrial ecosystems. Global time-series of terrestrial geophysical parameters have been produced from MODIS/Terra for over 7 years and for MODIS/Aqua for more than 4 1/2 years. These well calibrated instruments, a team of scientists and a large data production, archive and distribution systems have allowed for the development of a new suite of high quality product variables at spatial resolutions as fine as 250m in support of global change research and natural resource applications. This talk describes the MODIS Science team's products, with a focus on the terrestrial (land) products, the data processing approach and the process for monitoring and improving the product quality. The original MODIS science team was formed in 1989. The team's primary role is the development and implementation of the geophysical algorithms. In addition, the team provided feedback on the design and pre-launch testing of the instrument and helped guide the development of the data processing system. The key challenges the science team dealt with before launch were the development of algorithms for a new instrument and provide guidance of the large and complex multi-discipline processing system. Land, Ocean and Atmosphere discipline teams drove the processing system requirements, particularly in the area of the processing loads and volumes needed to daily produce geophysical maps of the Earth at resolutions as fine as 250 m. The processing system had to handle a large number of data products, large data volumes and processing loads, and complex processing requirements. Prior to MODIS, daily global maps from heritage instruments, such as Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR), were not produced at resolutions finer than 5 km. The processing solution evolved into a combination of processing the lower level (Level 1) products and the higher level discipline specific Land and Atmosphere products in the MODIS Science Investigator Lead Processing System (SIPS), the MODIS Adaptive Processing System (MODAPS), and archive and distribution of the Land products to the user community by two of NASA s EOS Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAACs). Recently, a part of MODAPS, the Level 1 and Atmosphere Archive and Distribution System (LAADS), took over the role of archiving and distributing the Level 1 and Atmosphere products to the user community.

  9. Toxic emissions in refractory production

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. M. Kasimov; O. V. Slyadnev

    1996-01-01

    Quantitative and qualitative characteristics of dust and gas emissions in the production of basic refractories are considered. The data obtained can become a basis for designing gas-cleaning for enterprises of the refractory industry.

  10. Energy Conservation in Fertilizer Production

    E-print Network

    Mings, W. J.; Sonnett, W. M.

    1984-01-01

    An energy efficient fertilizer production device called the Pipe Cross Reactor (PCR) was developed by the National Fertilizer Development Center (NFDC) of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The Office of Industrial Programs (OIPI of the United...

  11. Reduction in Unit Steam Production 

    E-print Network

    Gombos, R.

    2004-01-01

    In 2001 the company's Arch-Brandenburg facility faced increased steam costs due to high natural gas prices and decreased production due to shutdown of a process. The facility was challenged to reduce unit steam consumption to minimize the effects...

  12. Value - Added Products From Beekeeping

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    0000-00-00

    FAO AGRICULTURAL SERVICES BULLETIN No. 124 This is an online book published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. It deals in depth with products from bees, besides honey, wax, royal jelly, propolis, and venom are covered.

  13. Nuclear dependence of charm production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blanco-Covarrubias, A.; Engelfried, J.; Akgun, U.; Alkhazov, G.; Amaro-Reyes, J.; Atamantchouk, A. G.; Ayan, A. S.; Balatz, M. Y.; Bondar, N. F.; Cooper, P. S.; Dauwe, L. J.; Davidenko, G. V.; Dersch, U.; Dolgolenko, A. G.; Dzyubenko, G. B.; Edelstein, R.; Emediato, L.; Endler, A. M. F.; Eschrich, I.; Escobar, C. O.; Estrada, N.; Evdokimov, A. V.; Filimonov, I. S.; Flores-Castillo, A.; Garcia, F. G.; Golovtsov, V. L.; Gouffon, P.; Gülmez, E.; Iori, M.; Jun, S. Y.; Kaya, M.; Kilmer, J.; Kim, V. T.; Kochenda, L. M.; Konorov, I.; Kozhevnikov, A. P.; Krivshich, A. G.; Krüger, H.; Kubantsev, M. A.; Kubarovsky, V. P.; Kulyavtsev, A. I.; Kuropatkin, N. P.; Kurshetsov, V. F.; Kushnirenko, A.; Lach, J.; Landsberg, L. G.; Larin, I.; Leikin, E. M.; López-Hinojosa, G.; Lungov, T.; Maleev, V. P.; Mao, D.; Mathew, P.; Mattson, M.; Matveev, V.; McCliment, E.; Moinester, M. A.; Molchanov, V. V.; Morelos, A.; Nemitkin, A. V.; Neoustroev, P. V.; Newsom, C.; Nilov, A. P.; Nurushev, S. B.; Ocherashvili, A.; Onel, Y.; Ozkorucuklu, S.; Penzo, A.; Petrenko, S. V.; Procario, M.; Prutskoi, V. A.; Razmyslovich, B. V.; Rud, V. I.; Russ, J.; Sánchez-López, J. L.; Simon, J.; Sitnikov, A. I.; Smith, V. J.; Srivastava, M.; Steiner, V.; Stepanov, V.; Stutte, L.; Svoiski, M.; Terentyev, N. K.; Torres, I.; Uvarov, L. N.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Vavilov, D. V.; Vázquez-Jáuregui, E.; Verebryusov, V. S.; Victorov, V. A.; Vishnyakov, V. E.; Vorobyov, A. A.; Vorwalter, K.; You, J.; Zukanovich-Funchal, R.

    2009-12-01

    Using data taken by SELEX during the 1996-1997 fixed target run at Fermilab, we study the production of charmed hadrons on copper and carbon targets with ? -, p, ? -, and ? + beams. Parametrizing the dependence of the inclusive production cross section on the atomic number A as A ? , we determine ? for D +, D 0, D {/s +}, D +(2010), ? {/c +}, and their respective anti-particles, as a function of their transverse momentum p t and scaled longitudinal momentum x F . Within our statistics there is no dependence of ? on x F for any charm species for the interval 0.1< x F <1.0. The average value of ? for charm production by pion beams is ? meson=0.850±0.028. This is somewhat larger than the corresponding average ? baryon=0.755±0.016 for charm production by baryon beams ( ? -, p).

  14. Productivity's Ills: Voc Ed's Challenge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leach, James A.

    1981-01-01

    This paper offers a rationale for the concern with, and involvement of, vocational education in the topic of productivity in the workforce. It also suggests what differences might result from knowing more about the topic. (CT)

  15. Silviculture Forest Productivity and Nutrition

    E-print Network

    Geldenhuys, Jaco

    15 Silviculture Forest Productivity and Nutrition Fire and Fuel Load Management Tree crops for bio to place compartments in a soil water availability class even if they are situated in areas remote from

  16. Analysis of biomass production systems

    SciTech Connect

    Mishoe, J.W.; Fluck, R.C.; Jones, J.W.; Lorber, M.N.; Peart, R.M.

    1983-06-01

    Methodology is presented to analyze biomass production systems using a modeling and simulation approach. To illustrate the concepts, example studies are presented for sugarcane, water hyacinth, and napier grass. Economics and energetic analysis are described using methane as the output.

  17. Diffractive Charm and Dijet Production

    E-print Network

    Diffractive Charm and Dijet Production at H1 Matthias Mozer Physikalisches Institut Universität Heidelberg #12;Matthias Mozer, Diffraction 2006 2 Introduction universal diffractive parton densities Mozer, Diffraction 2006 3 Factorization diffractive= pdf parton expected to hold (proof by collins

  18. Reduction in Unit Steam Production

    E-print Network

    Gombos, R.

    2004-01-01

    In 2001 the company's Arch-Brandenburg facility faced increased steam costs due to high natural gas prices and decreased production due to shutdown of a process. The facility was challenged to reduce unit steam consumption to minimize the effects...

  19. Is covariant star product unique?

    E-print Network

    Dmitri Vassilevich

    2011-01-24

    We give a nontechnical introduction to the problem of non-uniqueness of star products and describe a covariant resolution of this problem. Some implications (e.g., for noncommutative gravity) and further prospects are discussed.

  20. Patterns of Product Development Interactions

    E-print Network

    Eppinger, Steven D.

    Development of complex products and large systems is a highly interactive social process involving hundreds of people designing thousands of interrelated components and making millions of coupled decisions. Nevertheless, ...

  1. Educational Product Educators Grades 58

    E-print Network

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Educational Product Educators Grades 5­8 WEATHER Investigating the Climate System WEATHER Global. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Global Awareness Tour: Plan a Concert Tour Daily Weather WEATHERWEATHERGlobal Awareness Tour Authored by: Dr. Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Arlington,Virginia John

  2. CSR Gravity Field Data Products

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bettadpur, Srinivas

    2014-05-01

    The joint NASA/DLR GRACE mission has successfully operated for nearly 12 years, and has provided a remarkable record of global mass flux due to a large variety of geophysical and climate processes at various spatio-temporal scales. The University of Texas Center for Space Research (CSR) hosts the mission PI, and is responsible for delivery of operational (presently denoted as Release-05 or RL05) gravity field data products. In addition, CSR generates and distributes a variety of other gravity field data products, including products generated from the use of satellite laser ranging data. This poster will provide an overview of all these data products, their relative quality, potential applications, and future plans for their development and delivery.

  3. 78 FR 19100 - Product Valuation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-03-29

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement 30 CFR Part 1206 Product Valuation CFR Correction In Title 30 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 700 to End, revised as of July 1, 2012, on page...

  4. 78 FR 20244 - Product Valuation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-04-04

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of Natural Resources Revenue 30 CFR Part 1206 Product Valuation CFR Correction In FR Doc. 2013-07512, appearing on page 19100, in the Federal Register of Friday, March 29,...

  5. 78 FR 38829 - Product Valuation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-28

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of Natural Resources Revenue 30 CFR Part 1206 Product Valuation CFR Correction In Title 30 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 700 to End, revised as of July 1, 2012, on page...

  6. 77 FR 3606 - Product Valuation

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-25

    ...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of Natural Resources Revenue 30 CFR Part 1206 Product Valuation CFR Correction 0 In Title 30 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 700 to End, revised as of July 1, 2011,...

  7. Production expansion continues to accelerate

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1992-08-01

    This paper reports that Saudi Arabian Oil Co. (Saudi Aramco) is continuing its accelerated Crude Oil Expansion Program initiated in 1989 that aims at achieving a 10 million bpd productive capacity by 1995. In addition to major engineering, construction and renovation work related to production expansion, Saudi Aramco drilling and workover operations have been markedly expanded. Since January 1991, rig activity has doubled. As an indication of aging of Saudi production, projects include modernizing current injection water treatment facilities, installing a new seawater injection plant on the Persian Gulf, installing dewatering facilities in a number of locations and installing a pilot gas lift project. In addition, equipment orders indicate the new discoveries south of Riyadh may also need the assistance of water injection from inception of production.

  8. Metrological aspects of enzyme production

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kerber, T. M.; Dellamora-Ortiz, G. M.; Pereira-Meirelles, F. V.

    2010-05-01

    Enzymes are frequently used in biotechnology to carry out specific biological reactions, either in industrial processes or for the production of bioproducts and drugs. Microbial lipases are an important group of biotechnologically valuable enzymes that present widely diversified applications. Lipase production by microorganisms is described in several published papers; however, none of them refer to metrological evaluation and the estimation of the uncertainty in measurement. Moreover, few of them refer to process optimization through experimental design. The objectives of this work were to enhance lipase production in shaken-flasks with Yarrowia lipolytica cells employing experimental design and to evaluate the uncertainty in measurement of lipase activity. The highest lipolytic activity obtained was about three- and fivefold higher than the reported activities of CRMs BCR-693 and BCR-694, respectively. Lipase production by Y. lipolytica cells aiming the classification as certified reference material is recommended after further purification and stability studies.

  9. Astatine-211: production and availability.

    PubMed

    Zalutsky, Michael R; Pruszynski, Marek

    2011-07-01

    The 7.2-h half life radiohalogen (211)At offers many potential advantages for targeted ?-particle therapy; however, its use for this purpose is constrained by its limited availability. Astatine-211 can be produced in reasonable yield from natural bismuth targets via the (209)Bi(?,2n)(211)At nuclear reaction utilizing straightforward methods. There is some debate as to the best incident ?-particle energy for maximizing 211At production while minimizing production of (210)At, which is problematic because of its 138.4-day half life ?-particle emitting daughter, (210)Po. The intrinsic cost for producing (211)At is reasonably modest and comparable to that of commercially available (123)I. The major impediment to (211)At availability is attributed to the need for a medium energy ?-particle beam for its production. On the other hand, there are about 30 cyclotrons in the world that have the beam characteristics required for (211)At production. PMID:22201707

  10. Presented by High-Productivity

    E-print Network

    Universität Dresden Center for Information Services and High Performance Computing University of TennesseePresented by High-Productivity Software Development Tools Jack Dongarra University of Tennessee Institute for Applied Mathematics RWTH Aachen University Center for Computing and Communication Technische

  11. ConcepTest: Groundwater Production

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The cross section below simplifies the groundwater resources in a county in a Midwest state. Which location would have the potential for the best groundwater production? A. Sand and gravel on hilltop B. Shale ...

  12. Optimizing Profits from Hydroelectricity Production

    E-print Network

    Potvin, Jean-Yves

    Optimizing Profits from Hydroelectricity Production Daniel De Ladurantaye Michel Gendreau Jean the profits obtained by the stochastic model. Keywords: Hydroelectricity, electricity market, prices, dams countries deregulate their electricity market, new challenges appear for hydroelectricity producers

  13. Energy Conservation in Fertilizer Production 

    E-print Network

    Mings, W. J.; Sonnett, W. M.

    1984-01-01

    An energy efficient fertilizer production device called the Pipe Cross Reactor (PCR) was developed by the National Fertilizer Development Center (NFDC) of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The Office of Industrial Programs (OIPI of the United...

  14. Forest Products: Acoustic Humidity Sensor

    SciTech Connect

    Poole, L.; Recca, L.

    1999-01-29

    The new acoustic sensor, designed as a humidity-control system for the paper and textile industries, can both eliminate overdrying and improve product quality by measuring humidity precisely. This new fact sheet explains how the process works.

  15. User cost in oil production

    E-print Network

    Adelman, Morris Albert

    1990-01-01

    The assumption of an initial fixed mineral stock is superfluous and wrong. User cost (resource rent) in mineral production is the present value of expected increases in development cost. It can be measured as the difference ...

  16. CERES EBAF Surface Data Products

    Atmospheric Science Data Center

    2014-07-24

    CERES EBAF-Surface Data Products Level 3B : Spatially (1°x1° lat/lon regional, 1° zonal, global) and temporally (monthly, climatological, etc.) averaged fluxes where the TOA net flux has been energy ...

  17. Natural Products as Aromatase Inhibitors

    PubMed Central

    Balunas, Marcy J.; Su, Bin; Brueggemeier, Robert W.; Kinghorn, A. Douglas

    2010-01-01

    With the clinical success of several synthetic aromatase inhibitors (AIs) in the treatment of postmenopausal estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer, researchers have also been investigating also the potential of natural products as AIs. Natural products from terrestrial and marine organisms provide a chemically diverse array of compounds not always available through current synthetic chemistry techniques. Natural products that have been used traditionally for nutritional or medicinal purposes (e.g., botanical dietary supplements) may also afford AIs with reduced side effects. A thorough review of the literature regarding natural product extracts and secondary metabolites of plant, microbial, and marine origin that have been shown to exhibit aromatase inhibitory activity is presented herein. PMID:18690828

  18. Consumer Products Treated with Pesticides

    MedlinePLUS

    ... article (e.g., incorporation of a pesticide in paint). These treated products often make implied or explicit ... protect the article or substance itself (for example, paint treated with a pesticide to protect the paint ...

  19. Office Automation Boosts University's Productivity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    School Business Affairs, 1986

    1986-01-01

    The University of Pittsburgh has a 2-year agreement designating the Xerox Corporation as the primary supplier of word processing and related office automation equipment in order to increase productivity and more efficient use of campus resources. (MLF)

  20. Irradiation of Northwest agricultural products

    SciTech Connect

    Eakin, D.E.; Tingey, G.L.

    1985-02-01

    Irradiation of food for disinfestation and preservation is increasing in importance because of increasing restrictions on various chemical treatments. Irradiation treatment is of particular interest in the Northwest because of a growing supply of agricultural products and the need to develop new export markets. Several products have, or could potentially have, significant export markets if stringent insect control procedures are developed and followed. Due to the recognized potential benefits of irradiation, Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) is conducting this program to evaluate the benefits of using irradiation on Northwest agricultural products under the US Department of Energy (DOE) Defense Byproducts Production and Utilization Program. Commodities currently included in the program are cherries, apples, asparagus, spices, hay, and hides.