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1

Tanning Products  

MedlinePLUS

... Biologics Animal & Veterinary Cosmetics Tobacco Products Radiation-Emitting Products Print this page Share this page E-mail ... of Tanning Tanning Products Sun Protection Links Tanning Products Tanning Lamps, Booths, and Beds Sunless Tanning Sprays ...

2

Hydrogen production  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The state of hydrogen production technology is evaluated. Specific areas discussed include: hydrogen production fossil fuels; coal gasification processes; electrolysis of water; thermochemical production of hydrogen; production of hydrogen by solar energy; and biological production of hydrogen. Supply options are considered along with costs of hydrogen production.

England, C.; Chirivella, J. E.; Fujita, T.; Jeffe, R. E.; Lawson, D.; Manvi, R.

1975-01-01

3

Household Products  

MedlinePLUS

The products you use for cleaning, carpentry, auto repair, gardening, and many other household uses can contain ingredients that ... Arts and craft supplies Toxic substances in these products can cause harm if inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed ...

4

Antihydrogen production  

SciTech Connect

Antihydrogen production in ATHENA is analyzed more carefully. The most important peculiarities of the different experimental situations are discussed. The protonium production via the first matter-antimatter chemical reaction is commented too.

Rizzini, Evandro Lodi; Venturelli, Luca; Zurlo, Nicola [Dipartimento di Chimica e Fisica per l'Ingegneria e per i Materiali, Universita di Brescia, 25133 Brescia (Italy); Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Gruppo Collegato di Brescia, 25133 Brescia (Italy)

2008-08-08

5

Radioisotope Production.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The types of nuclear reactions for radioisotope production using nuclear reactors and cyclotrons are described. The question of purity and quality control of the products are discussed. (Atomindex citation 19:051075)

C. P. G. Silva

1987-01-01

6

Hydrogen Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This presentation provides an introduction to the basics of hydrogen production. Advantages of using hydrogen, information on current global hydrogen production, primary uses for hydrogen and hydrogen production processes are introduced. The presentation consists of 26 slides and may be downloaded in Microsoft Power Point file format.

2012-09-05

7

Products liability  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter for the Encyclopedia of Law and Economics (2d ed. forthcoming) provides a survey of the economic analysis of the law governing liability for defective products, commonly known as products liability. Sections 11.2 through 11.10 develop the economic framework for evaluating different liability rules. Sections 11.11 through 11.13 describe the impact that the products liability system has had on

Mark A Geistfeld

2009-01-01

8

Livestock production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this project you will learn the basic principals of beef production. How does my steak get to my plate? Use your 4 column chart to record information about each step in beef production. Begin by learning about what cattle eat.Food/water resources. What are diseases in beef productionFoot and mouth diseaseMad cow disease? How do cattle grow to market weightFeedyardsDecatour county feedyard? How do we sale cattleCommerical bull salesCattle sales?Beef production How is beef quality controled Beef quality assurance? What are the different ...

Mize, Mr.

2009-10-21

9

Agricultural Production.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brochure describes the philosophy and scope of a secondary-level course in agricultural production. Addressed in the individual units of the course are the following topics: careers in agriculture and agribusiness, animal science and livestock production, agronomy, agricultural mechanics, supervised occupational experience programs, and the…

Lehigh County Area Vocational-Technical School, Schnecksville, PA.

10

Productive Failure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study demonstrates an existence proof for "productive failure": engaging students in solving complex, ill-structured problems without the provision of support structures can be a productive exercise in failure. In a computer-supported collaborative learning setting, eleventh-grade science students were randomly assigned to one of two…

Kapur, Manu

2008-01-01

11

Product liability.  

PubMed

Product liability litigation has made important contributions to tobacco control, especially by uncovering incriminating industry documents and publicizing product dangers and industry misconduct. WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Article 19 encourages Parties to strengthen legal procedures to facilitate these lawsuits and to establish mechanisms for mutual assistance. Creative lawyers will continue to find ways to bring the tobacco industry to justice in forums around the world. PMID:22345254

Daynard, Richard A; Legresley, Eric

2012-03-01

12

New Products.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews new educational technology products, including a microcomputer-based tutoring system, laser barcode reader, video/data projectors, CD-ROM for notebook computers, a system to increase a printer's power, data cartridge storage shell, knowledge-based decision tool, video illustrator, interactive videodiscs, surge protectors, scanner system,…

TechTrends, 1992

1992-01-01

13

NASA Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studying the productivity of any government organization is difficult. Agencies have multiple mission objectives and budget and accounting systems that are very different from those of proft-making firms, and, particularly for a research and development (R&D) agency such as the National Aeronautical Space Administration (NASA), obtaining the greatest quantity using the least resources is not always the best way of

Thomas Coonce; Robert Bitten; Joseph Hamaker; Henry Hertzfeld

2010-01-01

14

Novolak Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Novolak resins are produced by reacting formaldehyde (30-55% concentration) with phenol under acidic conditions, with oxalic acid as the preferred catalyst and in special conditions, sulfuric acid. Depending on the batch size, all raw material components can be introduced into the reactor, or when there is an increase in the batch size as well as in the reactor volume, the reaction exotherm is controlled by a gradual addition of formaldehyde. Modern novolak production facilities are automated and programmed for reduced operational cost. A flow diagram of a general production line for the manufacture of novolak is shown. Recovery of the novolak is accomplished by the removal of water and devolatilization of crude novolak to molten, low-free phenol novolak resin which can be isolated as flake or pastille or dissolved in appropriate solvents. Novolak is stored either in a solid flake or pastille form or in solution. Most production is conducted under atmospheric conditions, but there are some recent, novel activities such as pressure in a hermetically-closed reactor reaching 0.1-10 MPa by using the heat of reaction without reflux to shorten reaction time, accelerating dehydration time by flash distillation, and providing economic benefit in the cost of novolak production.

Aiba, Hiroshi

15

Product Labels  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a self-service economy, a company must find factors to serve as surrogate salespeople to create attention for the product and distinguish it from competing items. Consumer desires for label information and how consumers are informed\\/misled by those statements were examined using wine labels. Eight hundred telephone interviews were completed across the United States.Consumers believed the information on wine labels

Dennis H. Tootelian; Karen Ross

2000-01-01

16

Bioreactor for blood product production.  

PubMed

The feasibility of ex vivo blood production is limited by both biological and engineering challenges. From an engineering perspective, these challenges include the significant volumes required to generate even a single unit of a blood product, as well as the correspondingly high protein consumption required for such large volume cultures. Membrane bioreactors, such as hollow fiber bioreactors (HFBRs), enable cell densities approximately 100-fold greater than traditional culture systems and therefore may enable a significant reduction in culture working volumes. As cultured cells, and larger molecules, are retained within a fraction of the system volume, via a semipermeable membrane it may be possible to reduce protein consumption by limiting supplementation to only this fraction. Typically, HFBRs are complex perfusion systems having total volumes incompatible with bench scale screening and optimization of stem cell-based cultures. In this article we describe the use of a simplified HFBR system to assess the feasibility of this technology to produce blood products from umbilical cord blood-derived CD34(+) hematopoietic stem progenitor cells (HSPCs). Unlike conventional HFBR systems used for protein manufacture, where cells are cultured in the extracapillary space, we have cultured cells in the intracapillary space, which is likely more compatible with the large-scale production of blood cell suspension cultures. Using this platform we direct HSPCs down the myeloid lineage, while targeting a 100-fold increase in cell density and the use of protein-free bulk medium. Our results demonstrate the potential of this system to deliver high cell densities, even in the absence of protein supplementation of the bulk medium. PMID:22405378

Doran, Michael R; Aird, Ian Alexander; Marturana, Flavia; Timmins, Nicholas; Atkinson, Kerry; Nielsen, Lars K

2012-01-01

17

Resole Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Resoles are phenol-formaldehyde condensation products prepared with a molar ratio of F:P of ? 1, basic catalysts, and lead to reactive phenolic resins with methylol functional groups. A wide variety of additives can be added to provide the final resin with the desired properties such as flame retardancy, plasticization, pigmentation, or improve processability by using release agents, wetting agents, and other surfactants. Most resoles are waterborne, but in some certain applications, they can be solvent based with either alcohols or ketones as solvents.

Lang, Jürgen; Cornick, Marc

18

NULLJOB product  

SciTech Connect

The ever increasing demand for more CPU cycles for data analysis on our Central VAX Cluster led us to investigate new ways to utilize more fully the resources that were available. A review of the experiment and software development VAX systems on site revealed many unused computing cycles. Furthermore, these systems were all connected by DECnet which would allow easy file transfer and remote batch job submission. A product was developed to allow jobs to be submitted on the Central VAX Cluster but actually to be run on one of the remote systems. The processing of the jobs was arranged, to the greatest extent possible, to be transparent to the user and to have minimal impact on both the Central VAX Cluster and remote systems.

Hughart, N.; Ritchie, D.

1987-05-01

19

Product development strategies for mature products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary form only given. In the worldwide market, a great variety of products exist at the maturity stage. Moreover, the introductory stage and the growth stage of new entry products are shortened because of shorter product life cycles. In other words, the speed for a new product to reach the maturity stage from introduction is accelerated. After a new product

M. Ishioka; K. Yasuda; K. Iwata

2001-01-01

20

Product Configuration View to Software Product Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Development and management of software product families is an emerging and important area of software engineering, whereas product configuration of traditional, i.e., mechanical and electronic, product families has a slightly longer history as a specific area of research and business. This paper describes work in progress on the management of configurable software product families. Solutions to modelling and managing such

Tomi Männistö; Timo Soininen; Reijo Sulonen

2001-01-01

21

Illegal Pesticide Products  

MedlinePLUS

Illegal Pesticide Products Esta página Web está disponible en español Quick Resources Protect your Business Counterfeit Flea and Tick Products for ... clear directions and safety warnings. Common Illegal Pest Products mothballs | pet products | insecticidal chalk | " Tres Pasitos " | antibacterial ...

22

Choosing Safe Baby Products  

MedlinePLUS

... Safe Baby Products: Infant Seats & Child Safety Seats (Car Seats) Choosing Safe Baby Products: Playpens Choosing Safe Baby Products: Strollers Choosing Safe Baby Products: Toys For Teens For Kids For Parents MORE ON ...

23

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

of these tanks have leaked, releasing their contents including petroleum products and other hazardous chemicals. A brief description of petroleum products is given below. PETROLEUM PRODUCTS Crude oil is processed to derive various petroleum products. These products are composed of mixtures of several hundred

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

24

Architecture of product lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

A product line is a family of products designed to take advantage of their common aspects (commonalities) and predicted variabilities. A product line may be software only, e.g., a family of GUIs; software + hardware, e.g., a family of televisions; or hardware only. Where software is a part of the product line, the variability accommodated by the product line is

David M. Weiss

2009-01-01

25

Framework of product experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we introduce a general framework for product experience that applies to all affective responses that can be experienced in human-product interaction. Three distinct components or levels of product experiences are discussed: aesthetic experience, experience of meaning, and emotional experience. All three components are distinguished in having their own lawful underlying process. The aesthetic level involves a product’s

P. Desmet; P. Hekkert

2007-01-01

26

Product Structure, the Heart of Product Definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the LMMSS Product Definition System (PDS) philosophy and approach were the use of each item parts document or software can be traced to a specific end item (EI) serial/tail number of the product. It explains why a part-oriented approach to data organization and configuration management is required. The definition of part-oriented is that all appropriate product definition data products will be collected. Referenced and managed by their linkage/relationship to parts/items, The paper will touch upon how LMMSS store/controls product definition information under each project's top product designator in a two tiered approach. One tier for each product end item and another tier which contain/controls listings of drawings, documents. Specifications and standards that are required for hardware item definition.

DeHoog, C., Jr.

1999-01-01

27

Radioactive Materials Product Stewardship  

E-print Network

...................................................................................................26 Low Level Waste (LLW) Disposal RegulationsRadioactive Materials Product Stewardship ABackground Report for the National Dialogue on Radioactive Materials Product Stewardship Prepared by the: Product Stewardship Institute University

28

Hydrocodone Combination Products  

MedlinePLUS

Hydrocodone is available in combination with other ingredients, and different combination products are prescribed for different uses. Some hydrocodone combination products are used to relieve moderate-to- ...

29

Optical fiber production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A report of the U.N. Industrial Development Organization on Optical fiber production includes the following topics: Basics of optical communication; Technology trends; Classification of fibers - fiber standards; Production of optical fibers; Production of optical cables; Testing and quality control; Requirements; Capital investment; Economics of production; Potential suppliers of equipment and technology; Fiberoptics markets - characteristics and trends; Position of developing countries; and recommendations.

Bonek, E.; Furch, B.; Otruba, H.

1985-07-01

30

IC ................................... ... Reaction Product Imaging  

E-print Network

offers two modes of operation. One mode involves imaging of the atomic fragment or reaction productIC ................................... ... Reaction Product Imaging: The H + D2 Reaction Theofanis reaction product imaging. In this experiment, a photolytically produced beam of hydrogen (H) atoms crossed

Zare, Richard N.

31

Mobile product customization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many companies are using the web to enable customers to individually customize their products that range from automobiles and bicycles to CDs, cosmetics and shirts. In this paper we present a mobile application for product customization and production within a smart factory. This allows the ad hoc configuration of products at the point of sale (POS). We investigate human factors

Sven Gehring; Markus Löchtefeld; Johannes Schöning; Dominic Gorecky; Peter Stephan; Antonio Krüger; Michael Rohs

2010-01-01

32

Rain Forest Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students move from lab station to lab station observing samples of products from the Rain Forest. At each station they record the name of the product, write a description and sketch a diagram of the product. For homework, students prepare an advertisement for the Rain Forest and its products

Meg Milani (South San Francisco High School REV)

1994-07-30

33

Green Productivity and Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Industrial production consumes huge amounts of the world's resources. Green Productivity (GP) is a strategy for simultaneously enhancing productivity and environmental performance for overall socio-economic development that leads to sustained improvement in the quality of human life. It is the combined application of appropriate productivity and environmental management tools, techniques and technologies that reduce the environmental impact of an organization's

A. Suder

2006-01-01

34

Successful product realization strategies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Product realization is the process of defining, designing, developing, and delivering products to the market. While the main thrust of this JTEC panel was to conduct a complete investigation of the state of Japanese low-cost electronic packaging technologies, it is very difficult to totally separate the development of technology and products from the product realization process. Japan's electronics firms adhere to a product realization strategy based on a strong customer focus, a consistent commitment to excellence in design, and a cost-effective approach to technology commercialization. The Japanese product-pull strategy has been a successful driver and influencing factor in every aspect of the product development cycle.

Peeples, John; Boulton, William R.

1995-01-01

35

Successful product realization strategies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Product realization is the process of defining, designing, developing, and delivering products to the market. While the main thrust of this JTEC panel was to conduct a complete investigation of the state of Japanese low-cost electronic packaging technologies, it is very difficult to totally separate the development of technology and products from the product realization process. Japan's electronics firms adhere to a product realization strategy based on a strong customer focus, a consistent commitment to excellence in design, and a cost-effective approach to technology commercialization. The Japanese product-pull strategy has been a successful driver and influencing factor in every aspect of the product development cycle.

Peeples, John; Boulton, William R.

1995-02-01

36

Measuring HPC Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

One key to improving high-performance computing (HPC) productivity is finding better ways to measure it. We define productivity in terms of mission goals, i.e., greater productivity means that more science is accomplished with less cost and effort. Traditional software productivity metrics and computing benchmarks have proven inadequate for assessing or predicting such end-to-end productivity. In this paper we introduce a

Stuart Faulk; John Gustafson; Philip Johnson; Adam Porter; Walter Tichy; Lawrence Votta

37

Productivity, components of automated production systems viewed  

Microsoft Academic Search

The developmet and expanded use of robotics was initiated to increase labor productivity, ensure stable high quality instruments and necessary safety equipment, and to reduce the cost of products. Robotics was introduced to cold stamping machining, loading and unloading, transport and warehousing, etc. Approximately 200 robots were introduced which replaced 50 people. Robotics and robotized technology applied to industrial plants

V. I. Letsik

1986-01-01

38

Endotoxin Removal Kit Product Insert Product # 21900  

E-print Network

Endotoxin Removal Kit Product Insert Product # 21900 Norgen's Endotoxin Removal Kit is designed for the rapid removal of endotoxins from up to 1 mg of previously purified DNA. Endotoxins, also known as lipopolysaccharides, are cell- membrane components of Gram-negative bacteria such as E. coli. Endotoxins are released

Lebendiker, Mario

39

76 FR 21947 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production, and Publication of Inflation Adjustment...credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production, and Indian coal production under...

2011-04-19

40

78 FR 20176 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production, and Publication of Inflation Adjustment...credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production, and Indian coal production under...

2013-04-03

41

75 FR 16576 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production, and Publication of Inflation Adjustment...credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production, and Indian coal production under...

2010-04-01

42

77 FR 21835 - Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Credit for Renewable Electricity Production, Refined Coal Production, and Indian Coal Production, and Publication of Inflation Adjustment...credit for renewable electricity production, refined coal production, and Indian coal production under...

2012-04-11

43

Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production  

E-print Network

#12;Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward Zero Carbon Energy Production Toward

Narasayya, Vivek

44

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

chairman of the ASCE Technical Committee on "Emerging Materials" (1995-2000). Rudolph N. Kraus, MACI-concrete products. Bruce W. Ramme, MACI, is the Principal Engineer, Combustion Products Utilization, We Energies

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

45

Other Fluoride Products  

MedlinePLUS

... gov . Community Water Fluoridation Share Compartir Other Fluoride Products On this Page Fluoride toothpaste Fluoride mouth rinse ... 17, 2001;50(RR-14):1–42. Fluoride Products Fluoride Toothpaste Form Concentrations of fluoride in toothpaste ...

46

Antibacterials in Household Products  

MedlinePLUS

... the Prudent Use of Antibiotics Antibacterials in household products What exactly is an antibacterial? How is it ... cleaners. Did you know that over 1000 commercial products contain triclosan or other biocide agents? Established in ...

47

Sports Product Liability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses recent developments in the product liability of the manufacturers of sporting goods and their impact upon physical education and athletic programs, and offers suggestions for physical educators and schools in situations involving product liability. (MM)

Arnold, Don E.

1978-01-01

48

The Top 10 Products  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2008, American School & University showcased some of the hottest products in the industry. This article presents the 10 most requested, as determined by readers. Products include fluorescent lighting, concrete floor maintenance and exterior sheathing.

American School & University, 2008

2008-01-01

49

Identifying Recalled Products  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Recall Information for Consumers Recalls, Market Withdrawals, & Safety Alerts Recalled Product Photos on Flickr - - Related Consumer Updates FDA 101: Product Recalls - From First Alert to Effectiveness Checks [ARCHIVED] Start at the Store: ...

50

Human productivity program definition  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The optimization of human productivity on the space station within the existing resources and operational constraints is the aim of the Human Productivity Program. The conceptual objectives of the program are as follows: (1) to identify long lead technology; (2) to identify responsibility for work elements; (3) to coordinate the development of crew facilities and activities; and (4) to lay the foundation for a cost effective approach to improving human productivity. Human productivity work elements are also described and examples are presented.

Cramer, D. B.

1985-01-01

51

Developing new food products.  

PubMed

Stages of developing a new food product - market research, product development, adaptation to factory production, test marketing, national marketing, and advertising--are described. It is shown that no product is successful if not liked by potential purchasers. If the dietitian wishes to market nutrition education successfully this must be done by taking food habits into consideration, influencing them perhaps, but not attempting to reverse trends. PMID:521628

Salmon, J

1979-12-01

52

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

, Silica Fume, Slag, and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete in Madras, India, July 2001. Department of Civil database for manufacturing of concrete masonry products incorporating high volumes of ASTM Class F fly ash applications. #12;Keywords: blocks, bricks, cast-concrete products, fly ash, masonry products, and paving

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

53

The MODIS fire products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fire products are now available from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) including the only current global daily active fire product. This paper describes the algorithm, the products and the associated validation activities. High-resolution ASTER data, which are acquired simultaneously with MODIS, provide a unique opportunity for MODIS validation. Results are presented from a preliminary active fire validation study in

C. o. Justice; L. Giglio; S. Korontzi; J. Owens; J. t. Morisette; D. Roy; J. Descloitres; S. Alleaume; F. Petitcolin; Y. Kaufman

2002-01-01

54

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF CLASS F FLY ASH AND CLEAN-COAL ASH BLENDS FOR CAST OF CLASS F FLY ASH AND CLEAN-COAL ASH BLENDS FOR CAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS Authors: Tarun R. Naik, Director on utilization of conventional Class F fly ash in concrete and concrete products, it's utilization rate is much

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

55

Nulcear materials production: Primer  

SciTech Connect

The US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Nuclear Materials Production (NMP) is responsible for managing the production and recovery of nuclear materials for national defense. NMP oversees the production of radioactive materials for government, commercial, industrial, and medical applications. This Primer is a general introduction to NMP's major activities.

Not Available

1988-09-01

56

Mass production of Spirulina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusions A large industrial production ofSpirulina and its products is possible already now, thanks to technological development. This production capacity and its excellent properties as a food have justified the effort to overcome the barriers of sanitary regulations in countries such as Mexico, Japan, Canada, the United States of America, France, Great Britain, the Federal Republic of Germany, New Zealand,

Claudio Santillan; S. Aaronson; T. Kawahara; S. Miyachi; A. Mitsui; A. San-Pietro; S. Tamura

1982-01-01

57

Strangeness Production at COSY  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper gives an overview of strangeness-production experiments at the Cooler Synchrotron COSY. Results on kaon-pair and ? meson production in pp, pd and dd collisions, hyperon-production experiments and ?p final-state interaction studies are presented.

Hinterberger, Frank; Machner, Hartmut; Siudak, Regina

2011-10-01

58

Traceability Consumer Products  

E-print Network

Full Value Traceability Consumer Products IBM Global Business Services IBM Institute for Business Value A strategic imperative for consumer product companies to empower and protect their brands #12;IBM://www.ibm.com/cn/services/bcs/iibv/en/ #12;1 Full Value Traceability: A strategic imperative for consumer product companies to empower

59

Productivity & Energy Flow  

E-print Network

1 Productivity & Energy Flow Ecosystem approach, focuses: on flow of energy, water, and nutrients (capture) of energy by autotrophs Gross (total) Net (total ­ costs) Secondary productivity- capture of energy by herbivores http://sciencebitz.com/?page_id=204 What Controls the Primary Productivity

Mitchell, Randall J.

60

Product liability in Norway  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper informs about the new Norwegian Product Liability Act. The Act follows closely EC Directive 85\\/374, but rejects the development risk defence. Liability is also extended to primary agricultural products. Liability for medicinal products is regulated by a special compensation scheme based on mandatory insurance for producers and importers.

Peter Lødrup

1991-01-01

61

Household Products Database  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users will find important and possibly life-saving information on over 4,000 household products in this online database from the National Library of Medicine's Specialized Information Services. The database allows users to find out what a product contains, potential health effects, and safety and handling information. Users can quickly and easily search the database by product name, ingredients, or symptom. The products search seems to be the most user-friendly, as it is organized alphabetically and by general category, e.g. home maintenance, personal care/use, auto products, and so on.

62

Product development practices that matter  

E-print Network

Product Development consists of activities to transforms a market opportunity and technological innovation into successful products. Several waves of improvements in technological innovation and product development have ...

Gupta, Nisheeth

2010-01-01

63

Land Product Validation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Land Product Validation (LPV) subgroup of the Committee on Earth Observing Satellites Working Group on Calibration and Validation was formed in 2000. Goals of the LPV subgroup are: 1) to increase the quality and economy of global satellite product validation via developing and promoting international standards and protocols for field sampling, scaling, error budgeting, data exchange and product evaluation; 2) to advocate mission-long validation programs for current and future earth observing satellites.

Morisette, Jeffrey; Smith, David E. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

64

TRMM Gridded Text Products  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) has many products that contain instantaneous or gridded rain rates often among many other parameters. However, these products because of their completeness can often seem intimidating to users just desiring surface rain rates. For example one of the gridded monthly products contains well over 200 parameters. It is clear that if only rain rates are desired, this many parameters might prove intimidating. In addition, for many good reasons these products are archived and currently distributed in HDF format. This also can be an inhibiting factor in using TRMM rain rates. To provide a simple format and isolate just the rain rates from the many other parameters, the TRMM product created a series of gridded products in ASCII text format. This paper describes the various text rain rate products produced. It provides detailed information about parameters and how they are calculated. It also gives detailed format information. These products are used in a number of applications with the TRMM processing system. The products are produced from the swath instantaneous rain rates and contain information from the three major TRMM instruments: radar, radiometer, and combined. They are simple to use, human readable, and small for downloading.

Stocker, Erich Franz

2007-01-01

65

Universal Product Design: Transforming User Activity Into Product Function  

E-print Network

is to develop a universal product method by understanding how user activity closely resembles product function. The research results include a twenty product pair study in which a universal and typical product were compared. An activity diagram and functional...

Kostovich, Vincent

2010-07-14

66

Production and Transmission Measurement  

E-print Network

Production and Transmission of Light · Measurement · Light and color production ­ Pigments;Sources of color · Pigments ­ Molecules which selectively absorb photons of some wavelengths and transmit others ­ Size of molecule affects wavelength absorption ­ Short chain molecules require high energy

Wilkinson, Gerald S.

67

Assessment of product stability  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the mechanical stability of consumer products is discussed from both a theoretical and a practical point of view. It is shown that the two methods of stability testing most often used in product safety standards (inclined plane and destabilizing force) can be used for determining a third important parameter, the overturning energy. Furthermore, test results for a

Dirk van Aken; Ken J. Biswell; Trevor Evans

1994-01-01

68

Process to Product.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for educators who direct federally funded model projects, the booklet provides a framework for special education product development. In "Making Media Decisions," G. Richman explores procedures for selecting the most appropriate medium to carry the message of a given product. The fundamental questions are addressed: what is the goal; who…

Harrison, Gary, Ed.; Mirkes, Donna Z., Ed.

69

Process, Product, and Playmaking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines relationships among process, product, and playmaking in a southeastern playwriting and performance program for teen girls, Playmaking for Girls (PFG). The authors have chosen to focus on tensions between process and product. Such tensions are present in the challenges teachers experience when privileging student-centered…

Fisher, Maisha T.; Purcell, Susie Spear; May, Rachel

2009-01-01

70

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization GREENER CONCRETE FROM WOOD FLY ASH AND COAL FLY ASH By Tarun R OF WISCONSIN­MILWAUKEE #12;1 GREENER CONCRETE FROM WOOD FLY ASH AND COAL FLY ASH Synopsis: This investigation was carried out to establish production of concrete mixtures incorporating wood fly ash (FA). Two series

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

71

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization LONG-TERM PERFORMACE OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE PAVEMENTS-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE PAVEMENTS By: Tarun R. Naik, Bruce W. Ramme, Rudolph N. Kraus, and Rafat Siddique-Product Lightweight Aggregates, Committee 213 on Lightweight Concrete, and Committee 232 on Fly Ash in Concrete. ACI

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

72

Phenomenology of ``Onium'' Production  

E-print Network

The phenomenology of heavy quarkonia production in hadron collisions is reviewed. The theoretical predictions are compared to data. Commonly used production models are shown to fail in explaining all the experimental findings. The shortcomings of these models are analysed and possible improvements are discussed.

Matteo Cacciari

1995-05-18

73

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

...............................................................................................................39 #12;iii List of Tables Item Page Table 1 Stable Phases in Portland Cement Paste at Different p.3 Carbon Dioxide Sequestration, Concrete and other Cement- Based Products ..................................................................................................... 10 1.4 Claims by Industries for the Sequestration of CO2 in Cement- Based Products

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

74

HPC Productivity Model Synthesis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The DARPA High Productivity Computing System (HPCS) program is developing systems that deliver increased value to users at a rate commensurate with the rate of improvement in the underlying technologies. For example, if the relevant technology was silicon, the goal of such a system would be to double in productivity (or value) every 18 months, following Moore's Law. The key

Jeremy Kepner

2004-01-01

75

Dairy Products, 2010 Summary.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Special Note - Total production by State will no longer be published on an annual basis for the following tables: Yogurt, Total Lowfat Hard Ice Cream, Hard Sherbet, Water and Juice Ices, Sherbet Mix, Frozen Yogurt Mix, and Other Frozen Dairy Products. Ind...

2011-01-01

76

Biotechnological hydrogen production\\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of biological hydrogen production by using photosynthetic bacteria and cyanobacteria is described based on a national R&D project in Japan. We describe here the subjects examined in the research for photosynthetic bacteria: analysis of the relationship between the penetration of light to photobioreactor and hydrogen production, genetic engineering of photosynthetic bacteria to control the pigment content for making

Jun Miyake; Masato Miyake; Yasuo Asada

1999-01-01

77

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

of information from sources of waste materials to markets for products made from recycled materials to recycling sludge, discarded tires, wood processing waste, etc.) as well as selected consumer waste materialsCenter for By-Products Utilization DEVELOPMENT OF A COMPREHENSIVE DATABASE FOR RECYCLING

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

78

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

describes various combustion products produced from industrial operations and post-consumer wastes, as well-effective solutions to these waste disposal problems. By- product materials generated from various sources must provide innovative solutions to environmental challenges leading to recycling options. This paper briefly

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

79

The MACC Fire Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This presentation gives an overview of the global fire emission monitoring products that have so far been developed in the projects GEMS "Global and regional Earth-system (Atmosphere) Monitoring using Satellite and in-situ data" and MACC "Monitoring Atmospheric Composition and Climate". The products are available either in real time with a time lag of about six hours or retrospectively starting in 2003. One line of products is based on the "Global Fire Emissions Database" (GFED) inventory. Another is based on satellite-based fire radiative power (FRP) observations that are routinely available in real time. The FRP products that are based on the geostationary Meteosat-9 observations, which are produced at the EUMETSAT LandSAF, resolve the diurnal variation of open fires in Africa and Southern Europe. The FRP products derived by MACC from geostationary GOES observations do the same for the Americas. The FRP products derived by NASA/NOAA from the polar orbiting MODIS observations provide complementary global coverage in roughly one day and serve as transfer standard between the different geostationary observations. All FRP products are merged in MACC to provide a consistent global map of fire activity, from which emission rates of various species are derived. The emission rates are subsequently used as lower boundary conditions for the atmospheric composition modeling in other parts of MACC. The products are also available to the public.

Kaiser, Johannes W.; Heil, Angelika; Schultz, Martin G.; van der Werf, Guido R.; Wooster, Martin J.; Xu, Weidong

2010-05-01

80

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

and Publication at the Eighth CANMET/ACI International Conference on Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag, and NaturalCenter for By-Products Utilization PROPERTIES OF CAST-CONCRETE PRODUCTS MADE WITH FBC ASH Pozzolans in Concrete, Las Vegas, May 23-29, 2004. Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics College

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

81

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

on Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag, and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete, Las Vegas, May 23-29, 2004. DepartmentCenter for By-Products Utilization NO-FINES CONCRETE USING OFF-SPECIFICATION COAL COMBUSTION­MILWAUKEE #12;NO-FINES CONCRETE USING OFF-SPECIFICATION COAL COMBUSTION PRODUCTS by T. R. Naik (corresponding

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

82

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

-product materials as supplementary cementing materials is growing time to time. Fly ash, silica fume, granulatedCenter for By-Products Utilization RECYCLED MATERIALS IN CONCRETE INDUSTRY By Tarun R. Naik.0 INTRODUCTION Concrete industry is the single largest consumer of the natural resources available in the world

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

83

Platform Based Product Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

More and more business groups in Philips are moving towards platform-based product development, or are planning to do so.\\u000a This report contains the results of an inventory of the lessons learned and experiences that have been gained thus far from\\u000a the development and deployment of four product platforms within Philips.

Herman Postema; J. Henk Obbink

2001-01-01

84

Productivity motivation and reward  

Microsoft Academic Search

Productivity has concerned managers, administrators, and governments for years—even centuries. It is an understandable concern when you consider the difference in rates of working and the effective ness of the work done by different people.There have been many ways in which managers have sought to influence the productivity of their employees; this paper will consider the most influential of them.

Angela M. Bowey

1978-01-01

85

MICROBIAL RESISTANT GYPSUM PRODUCTS  

EPA Science Inventory

Gypsum building materials often become wet, resulting in mold growth that leads to health and productivity impacts. A major source of mold growth is gypsum wallboard since nearly 90% of the interior finished surfaces of buildings are covered with gypsum products. It has been est...

86

USGS Geophysical Data Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains links and listings of digital geophysical products spanning the regional centers of the USGS. There are surveys and reports on magnetic, gravity, and other forms of data. There are regional, state, quadrangle compilations of data. And there a number of other data and products available.

Team, Crustal I.; Survey, United S.

87

Data Products at COAPS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Florida State University's Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies (COAPS) (last mentioned in the February 28, 2001 Scout Report for Science & Engineering) provides a wealth of information on its Data Products at COAPS Web site. Visitors have access to scatterometry, ocean surface meteorology fluxes, and ocean psuedostress products, among others. The site also contains relevant publications and research information for those interested.

88

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

UTILIZING FLY ASH, BOTTOM ASH, AND USED FOUNDRY SAND By: Tarun R. Naik, Rudolph N. Kraus, and Bruce W. Ramme PRODUCTS UTILIZING FLY ASH, BOTTOM ASH, AND USED FOUNDRY SAND by Tarun R. Naik, Rudolph N. Kraus, and Bruce-cast concrete products containing fly ash, bottom ash, and used foundry sand. Test specimens for all dry

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

89

Research Network Product Development  

E-print Network

E-Mobility Research Network Product Development Methods and Mechatronics Prof. Dr.-Ing Dietmar Göhlich Dipl.-Ing Felix Spangenberg 1 E-Mobility Research Network Technische Universität Berlin Prof. Dr.-Ing. Dietmar Göhlich Coordinator Research Network #12;E-Mobility Research Network Product Development Methods

Berlin,Technische Universität

90

Data Product Citation  

... by selecting the appropriate link at the top of the page. To reverse the sort order, select the link a second time. Selecting the name of ... that we distribute, which is helpful in optimizing product development. It also helps us to keep our product-related references current. ...

2014-03-28

91

Nail Care Products  

MedlinePLUS

... with some nail products. As mentioned previously, some ingredients in nail products may be harmful if ingested. Some can easily catch fire if ... component of nail hardeners. Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing ... protect against harmful bacteria, and formaldehyde also has been used in ...

92

Nobel Foundation: Educational Productions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page features more than 40 multimedia productions related to Nobel Prize-winning concepts. Many of the productions are interactive learning games within the disciplines of physics, chemistry, and medicine. Example topics include "Energy from Matter", "Liquid Crystals", "Nerve Signaling", "Semiconductors", "MRI Imaging", "Relativity", and "The Quantized World".

2011-12-09

93

Recombinant organisms for production of industrial products  

PubMed Central

A revolution in industrial microbiology was sparked by the discoveries of ther double-stranded structure of DNA and the development of recombinant DNA technology. Traditional industrial microbiology was merged with molecular biology to yield improved recombinant processes for the industrial production of primary and secondary metabolites, protein biopharmaceuticals and industrial enzymes. Novel genetic techniques such as metabolic engineering, combinatorial biosynthesis and molecular breeding techniques and their modifications are contributing greatly to the development of improved industrial processes. In addition, functional genomics, proteomics and metabolomics are being exploited for the discovery of novel valuable small molecules for medicine as well as enzymes for catalysis. The sequencing of industrial microbal genomes is being carried out which bodes well for future process improvement and discovery of new industrial products. PMID:21326937

Adrio, Jose-Luis

2010-01-01

94

Hydrogen production by Cyanobacteria  

PubMed Central

The limited fossil fuel prompts the prospecting of various unconventional energy sources to take over the traditional fossil fuel energy source. In this respect the use of hydrogen gas is an attractive alternate source. Attributed by its numerous advantages including those of environmentally clean, efficiency and renew ability, hydrogen gas is considered to be one of the most desired alternate. Cyanobacteria are highly promising microorganism for hydrogen production. In comparison to the traditional ways of hydrogen production (chemical, photoelectrical), Cyanobacterial hydrogen production is commercially viable. This review highlights the basic biology of cynobacterial hydrogen production, strains involved, large-scale hydrogen production and its future prospects. While integrating the existing knowledge and technology, much future improvement and progress is to be done before hydrogen is accepted as a commercial primary energy source. PMID:16371161

Dutta, Debajyoti; De, Debojyoti; Chaudhuri, Surabhi; Bhattacharya, Sanjoy K

2005-01-01

95

Drilling Productivity Report  

EIA Publications

Energy Information Administration’s (EIA) new Drilling Productivity Report (DPR) takes a fresh look at oil and natural gas production, starting with an assessment of how and where drilling for hydrocarbons is taking place. The DPR uses recent data on the total number of drilling rigs in operation along with estimates of drilling productivity and estimated changes in production from existing oil and natural gas wells to provide estimated changes in oil and natural gas production for six key fields. EIA's approach does not distinguish between oil-directed rigs and gas-directed rigs because once a well is completed it may produce both oil and gas; more than half of the wells produce both.

2014-01-01

96

Associated-quarkonium production  

E-print Network

We discuss the growing interest to measure associated-quarkonium production in a number of channels at the LHC. Whereas back-to-back production of quarkonium + isolated photon provides a unique way to extract gluon TMDs, observables such as quarkonium + W/Z can be of great help to better understand the quarkonium production mechanism as well as to shed light on double-parton scatterings. Along these lines, we also argue that quarkonium-pair production is a potentially rich source of information which only has started to be harvested. Finally, we discuss the relevance of studying the production of quarkonium + heavy-quark, as e.g. J/psi + charm and Upsilon + non-prompt J/psi.

J. P. Lansberg

2014-07-28

97

Firewall products today  

SciTech Connect

With an increased interest in connecting to the Internet, there is a corresponding interest in protecting an organization`s network from others on the Internet. Internet firewalls help protect an organization`s network, and the increased demand for firewalls have brought about a number of freeware and commercial products. But how does someone determine the best product or service for their organization? This paper discusses things that need to be considered in deciding to build or purchase a firewall system. It discusses many of the products, features, and services that are commercially available and what components they include such as software, hardware, consulting, or a combination thereof. This paper is not an attempt to evaluate the products. The aim is to provide an awareness of what is currently available and their capabilities. An appendix gives contact information for all of the vendors whose product information was used in developing this paper.

Cooper, S.P.

1995-02-01

98

17 CFR 229.1204 - (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and production costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-04-01 false (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and...S-K Disclosure by Registrants Engaged in Oil and Gas Producing Activities § 229.1204 (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices...

2013-04-01

99

17 CFR 229.1204 - (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and production costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... 2011-04-01 false (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and...S-K Disclosure by Registrants Engaged in Oil and Gas Producing Activities § 229.1204 (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices...

2011-04-01

100

17 CFR 229.1204 - (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and production costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-04-01 false (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and...S-K Disclosure by Registrants Engaged in Oil and Gas Producing Activities § 229.1204 (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices...

2012-04-01

101

History of glutamate production.  

PubMed

In 1907 Kikunae Ikeda, a professor at the Tokyo Imperial University, began his research to identify the umami component in kelp. Within a year, he had succeeded in isolating, purifying, and identifying the principal component of umami and quickly obtained a production patent. In 1909 Saburosuke Suzuki, an entrepreneur, and Ikeda began the industrial production of monosodium l-glutamate (MSG). The first industrial production process was an extraction method in which vegetable proteins were treated with hydrochloric acid to disrupt peptide bonds. l-Glutamic acid hydrochloride was then isolated from this material and purified as MSG. Initial production of MSG was limited because of the technical drawbacks of this method. Better methods did not emerge until the 1950s. One of these was direct chemical synthesis, which was used from 1962 to 1973. In this procedure, acrylonitrile was the starting material, and optical resolution of dl-glutamic acid was achieved by preferential crystallization. In 1956 a direct fermentation method to produce glutamate was introduced. The advantages of the fermentation method (eg, reduction of production costs and environmental load) were large enough to cause all glutamate manufacturers to shift to fermentation. Today, total world production of MSG by fermentation is estimated to be 2 million tons/y (2 billion kg/y). However, future production growth will likely require further innovation. PMID:19640955

Sano, Chiaki

2009-09-01

102

IRIS Product Recommendations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This report presents the Applied Meteorology Unit's (AMU) evaluation of SIGMET Inc.'s Integrated Radar Information System (IRIS) Product Generator and recommendations for products emphasizing lightning and microburst tools. The IRIS Product Generator processes radar reflectivity data from the Weather Surveillance Radar, model 74C (WSR-74C), located on Patrick Air Force Base. The IRIS System was upgraded from version 6.12 to version 7.05 in late December 1999. A statistical analysis of atmospheric temperature variability over the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) Weather Station provided guidance for the configuration of radar products that provide information on the mixed-phase (liquid and ice) region of clouds, between 0 C and -20 C. Mixed-phase processes at these temperatures are physically linked to electrification and the genesis of severe weather within convectively generated clouds. Day-to-day variations in the atmospheric temperature profile are of sufficient magnitude to warrant periodic reconfiguration of radar products intended for the interpretation of lightning and microburst potential of convectively generated clouds. The AMU also examined the radar volume-scan strategy to determine the scales of vertical gaps within the altitude range of the 0 C to -20 C isotherms over the Kennedy Space Center (KSC)/CCAFS area. This report present's two objective strategies for designing volume scans and proposes a modified scan strategy that reduces the average vertical gap by 37% as a means for improving radar observations of cloud characteristics in the critical 0 C to -20 C layer. The AMU recommends a total of 18 products, including 11 products that require use of the IRIS programming language and the IRIS User Product Insert feature. Included is a cell trends product and display, modeled after the WSR-88D cell trends display in use by the National Weather Service.

Short, David A.

2000-01-01

103

Versioning of printed products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the definition of a printed product in an MIS system, a lot of attention is paid to the production process. The MIS systems typically gather all process-related parameters at such a level of detail that they can determine what the exact cost will be to make a specific product. This information can then be used to make a quote for the customer. Considerably less attention is paid to the content of the products since this does not have an immediate impact on the production costs (assuming that the number of inks or plates is known in advance). The content management is typically carried out either by the prepress systems themselves or by dedicated workflow servers uniting all people that contribute to the manufacturing of a printed product. Special care must be taken when considering versioned products. With versioned products we here mean distinct products that have a number of pages or page layers in common. Typical examples are comic books that have to be printed in different languages. In this case, the color plates can be shared over the different versions and the black plate will be different. Other examples are nation-wide magazines or newspapers that have an area with regional pages or advertising leaflets in different languages or currencies. When considering versioned products, the content will become an important cost factor. First of all, the content management (and associated proofing and approval cycles) becomes much more complex and, therefore, the risk that mistakes will be made increases considerably. Secondly, the real production costs are very much content-dependent because the content will determine whether plates can be shared across different versions or not and how many press runs will be needed. In this paper, we will present a way to manage different versions of a printed product. First, we will introduce a data model for version management. Next, we will show how the content of the different versions can be supplied by the customer/content provider and point out how soft proofing can be used to eliminate errors as much as possible. In the second part of the paper, we will show how the supplied information can be used to determine an optimal process plan that shows the number of plates to be generated and the press plans indicating plate changes and press runs.

Tuijn, Chris

2004-12-01

104

Versioning of printed products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During the definition of a printed product in an MIS system, a lot of attention is paid to the production process. The MIS systems typically gather all process-related parameters at such a level of detail that they can determine what the exact cost will be to make a specific product. This information can then be used to make a quote for the customer. Considerably less attention is paid to the content of the products since this does not have an immediate impact on the production costs (assuming that the number of inks or plates is known in advance). The content management is typically carried out either by the prepress systems themselves or by dedicated workflow servers uniting all people that contribute to the manufacturing of a printed product. Special care must be taken when considering versioned products. With versioned products we here mean distinct products that have a number of pages or page layers in common. Typical examples are comic books that have to be printed in different languages. In this case, the color plates can be shared over the different versions and the black plate will be different. Other examples are nation-wide magazines or newspapers that have an area with regional pages or advertising leaflets in different languages or currencies. When considering versioned products, the content will become an important cost factor. First of all, the content management (and associated proofing and approval cycles) becomes much more complex and, therefore, the risk that mistakes will be made increases considerably. Secondly, the real production costs are very much content-dependent because the content will determine whether plates can be shared across different versions or not and how many press runs will be needed. In this paper, we will present a way to manage different versions of a printed product. First, we will introduce a data model for version management. Next, we will show how the content of the different versions can be supplied by the customer/content provider and point out how soft proofing can be used to eliminate errors as much as possible. In the second part of the paper, we will show how the supplied information can be used to determine an optimal process plan that shows the number of plates to be generated and the press plans indicating plate changes and press runs.

Tuijn, Chris

2005-01-01

105

Silicon production process evaluations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Chemical engineering analyses involving the preliminary process design of a plant (1,000 metric tons/year capacity) to produce silicon via the technology under consideration were accomplished. Major activities in the chemical engineering analyses included base case conditions, reaction chemistry, process flowsheet, material balance, energy balance, property data, equipment design, major equipment list, production labor and forward for economic analysis. The process design package provided detailed data for raw materials, utilities, major process equipment and production labor requirements necessary for polysilicon production in each process.

1982-01-01

106

Ethyl Alcohol Production.  

E-print Network

and Natural Resources Advisory Council. Ethyl Alcohol Production Henry O'Neal* rEXAS MM UNiVERSITY UBRAR't The Agricultural Engineering Department at Texas A&M University has been operating a research and demonstration ethyl alcohol production plant... since January 1981 as part of an alternate energy program. The plant is located on the Texas A&M University West Campus at the Agricultural Engineering Research Shop and is representative of a small, farm scale facility. Alcohol Production Steps...

O'Neal, Henry

1981-01-01

107

Fundamentals of energy production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The theory, methods of conversion, and costs of various energy sources, transformations, and production techniques are summarized. Specific attention is given to carbon-based fuels in liquid, gaseous, and solid forms and processes for producing synthetic fuels. Additional details are presented for hydrogen and biomass technologies, as well as nuclear fuel-based electricity production. Renewable energy methods are dealt with in terms of the potentials and current applications of tidal generating stations, hydroelectric installations, solar thermal and electrical energy production, and the development of large wind turbines. Consideration is given to the environmental effects of individual energy technologies, along with associated costs and transportability of the energy produced.

Harder, E. L.

108

User driven product innovation  

E-print Network

Accelerating diffusion of innovation to end users and enabling faster adoption is essential to product developers, especially in the industries having a rapid pace of innovation. The ability of innovators to engage with ...

Nair, Jayraj

2007-01-01

109

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

) galvanized steel tanks. Milwaukee tap water, which is treated Lake Michigan water, was supplied continuously College of Engineering and Applied Science THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN ­ MILWAUKEE #12;PRODUCTION

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

110

FDA 101: Product Recalls  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... Consumer Updates RSS Feed FDA 101: Product Recalls (video) Search the Consumer Updates Section Read the Consumer ... market may be necessary. In this Consumer Update video, FDA Recall Operations Team Leader Armando Zamora, explains ...

111

Increasing Public Library Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests ways of improving productivity for public libraries faced with increased accountability, dwindling revenues, and continuing inflation. Techniques described include work simplification, work analysis, improved management, and employee motivation. (RAA)

Samuelson, Howard

1981-01-01

112

PV production Accumulator  

E-print Network

-+ PV production Accumulator Inverter MPPT DC DC DC AC AC DC PPv WSto PChop SInv Time Power Load corresponding to the expected life time of PV panels. Keywords: SAPV system, Lithium-Ion, Lead-Acid, Gross

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

113

Ethanol production from cattails  

SciTech Connect

The industrial utilization of cattails in the production of ethanol has been investigated. Included in this study has been the natural and managed growth of the cattail plants, the methods of harvesting, fermentation kinetics, and overall economic evaluation.

Ladenburg, K.

1982-12-01

114

Ethanol production from cattails  

Microsoft Academic Search

The industrial utilization of cattails in the production of ethanol has been investigated. Included in this study has been the natural and managed growth of the cattail plants, the methods of harvesting, fermentation kinetics, and overall economic evaluation.

Ladenburg

1982-01-01

115

MRSA and Food Products  

MedlinePLUS

... MRSA), in a variety of food products including retail meats and raw milk. While more study is ... to measure MRSA in meat items purchased from retail establishments. CDC is actively working to reduce MRSA ...

116

JWST science data products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science data products for James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) ©observations will be generated by the Data Management Subsystem (DMS) within the JWST Science and Operations Center (S&OC) at the Space Telescope Science Institute (STScI). Data processing pipelines within the DMS will produce uncalibrated and calibrated exposure files, as well as higher level data products that result from combined exposures, such as mosaic images. Information to support the science observations, for example data from engineering telemetry, proposer inputs, and observation planning will be captured and incorporated into the science data products. All files will be generated in Flexible Image Transport System (FITS) format. The data products will be made available through the Mikulski Archive for Space Telescopes (MAST) and adhere to International Virtual Observatory Alliance (IVOA) standard data protocols.

Swade, Daryl; Bushouse, Howard; Greene, Gretchen; Swam, Michael

2014-07-01

117

Texas Alfalfa Production  

E-print Network

With proper management, alfalfa will produce forage with the highest protein and total digestible nutrient of any hay crop. To aid in alfalfa production, this publication provides information on pre-plant factors, planting and stand establishment...

Stichler, Charles

1997-05-05

118

Cyanobacterial biofuel production.  

PubMed

The development of new technologies for production of alternative fuel became necessary to circumvent finite petroleum resources, associate rising costs, and environmental concerns due to rising fossil fuel CO? emissions. Several alternatives have been proposed to develop a sustainable industrial society and reduce greenhouse emissions. The idea of biological conversion of CO? to fuel and chemicals is receiving increased attention. In particular, the direct conversion of CO? with solar energy to biofuel by photosynthetic microorganisms such as microalgae and cyanobacteria has several advantages compared to traditional biofuel production from plant biomass. Photosynthetic microorganisms have higher growth rates compared with plants, and the production systems can be based on non-arable land. The advancement of synthetic biology and genetic manipulation has permitted engineering of cyanobacteria to produce non-natural chemicals typically not produced by these organisms in nature. This review addresses recent publications that utilize different approaches involving engineering cyanobacteria for production of high value chemicals including biofuels. PMID:22446641

Machado, Iara M P; Atsumi, Shota

2012-11-30

119

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

station coal combustion by- products (ash) from an FBC boiler. Two types of ash material were used technologies. A clean-coal ash is defined as the ash derived from SOxand NOxcontrol technologies, and FBC

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

120

MISR Regional SAMUM Products  

... MISR SAMUM data table , and by consulting the  Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents . Before using MISR Data products, please read ... DHRSW DHR for a broad shortwave band (400-2500 nm), approximated from visible bands. Derived from a ...

2013-04-29

121

MISR Level 3 Products  

... Data and Information , and by consulting the  Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents . Before using MISR Data products, please read ... DHRPAR field. DHRSW DHR for a broad shortwave band (400-2500 nm), approximated from visible bands. Derived from a ...

2013-06-26

122

MISR Regional VBBE Products  

... MISR VBBE data table , and by consulting the  Algorithm Theoretical Basis Documents . Before using MISR Data products, please read ... DHRSW DHR for a broad shortwave band (400-2500 nm), approximated from visible bands. Derived from a ...

2013-04-29

123

Antimicrobial Pesticide Products  

MedlinePLUS

... growth of microorganisms. Because these products are used in or on living humans or animals, they are considered drugs and are thus approved and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

124

Quarkonia production at CDF  

SciTech Connect

In the 1992-1995 runs CDF has collected large samples of {ital J/{psi}}, {psi}(2{ital S}) and {Gamma} identified through their muonic decay. In the charmonium system all production sources have been separately measured and compared with the theoretical predictions. A large excess of direct production has been observed for both {psi}(s{ital S}) and {ital J/{psi}}. the relative production rate for the {chi}{sub c}{sup 1} and {chi}{sub c}{sup 2} has also been measured. The unexpected results have lead to a profound revisitation of the theory of the production of {ital Q{anti Q}} bound states in high energy hadronic collisions.

Sansoni, A. [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Frascati (Italy); CDF Collaboration

1996-08-01

125

Hydrogen Production Econometric Studies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The current assessments of fossil fuel resources in the United States were examined, and predictions of the maximum and minimum lifetimes of recoverable resources according to these assessments are presented. In addition, current rates of production in qu...

J. R. Howell, R. B. Bannerot

1975-01-01

126

Cancer immunotherapy products  

PubMed Central

Active immunotherapy products (widely known as “cancer vaccines”) are products intended to stimulate an immune response to mediate tumor destruction or reduce the progression of disease in patients where cancer has been diagnosed. Some quality attributes of these products are very difficult to characterize or present a high variability (especially if they are for autologous use), further complicating the interpretation of some of the clinical data. Furthermore, questions arise in the evaluation of efficacy and safety data in comparison with current chemical or biological treatments for the same indications. Some of these aspects are discussed in this paper in relationship with the regulatory requirements in the European Union and as applied to two recently assessed medicinal products, Oncophage and Provenge, both considered therapeutic “cancer vaccines” for renal cell carcinoma and prostate cancer, respectively. PMID:22863755

Camarero, Jorge; Ruiz, Sol

2012-01-01

127

[Production of rifamycin complex].  

PubMed

In this study, by using synthetic medium and Streptomyces mediterranai rifamycin was produced by fermentation in laboratory scale. By means of spectrophotometric determination and microbiological assay, production of antibiotic by the organism was proved. PMID:3503969

Oner, M; Tamer, A U; Bursalio?lu, M

1987-10-01

128

Magnetite and its production  

SciTech Connect

The supply of high quality magnetite for the cleaning of coal using dense medium cyclones and vessels is of concern to all coal preparation operations. This paper describes the production of high purity magnetite (Fe{sub 3}O{sub 4}) from a domestic underground mining operation in Missouri, Pea Ridge Iron Ore Company. Emphasis will be placed on the mining and processing of the magnetite ore into the various magnetite products required by coal preparation plants.

Koebbe, E.R. [Pea Ridge Iron Ore Co., Sullivan, MO (United States)

1993-12-31

129

Fusion product spectra  

SciTech Connect

Accurate fusion product data is required for most fusion plasma simulations. The energy broadening of reaction products is demonstrated to be more complicated than the usual Gaussian broadening. The accurate integrals are performed to obtain , , and for all binary reactions in the four- and five-nucleon systems. Reaction cross sections were developed using R-Matrix models that include most recent measurements.

Talley, T.L.; Hale, G.M.

1988-01-01

130

Production of Shale Oil  

E-print Network

PRODUCTION OF SHALE OIL D. Roger Loper Chevron Shale Oil Company Denver, Colorado Intensive pre-project feasibility and engineering studies begun in 1979 have produced an outline plan for development of a major project for production... to move us toward producing the shale oil? A number of important projects are in various stages of development. Figure 4 spows four of the farthest advanced and indicates the location of the Chevron/Conoco Clear Creek p~oject which I will describe...

Loper, R. D.

1982-01-01

131

Butadiene production process overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over 95% of butadiene is produced as a by-product of ethylene production from steam crackers. The crude C4 stream isolated from the steam cracking process is fed to butadiene extraction units, where butadiene is separated from the other C4s by extractive distillation. The amount of crude C4s produced in steam cracking is dependent on the composition of the feed to

Wm. Claude White

2007-01-01

132

New Product Introduction and Seasonality Effect in Food Products Retailing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to measure the effects of market demand and seasonality on new product introduction. Major factors contributing the variability of market demand and seasonality of new products have been discussed in reference to timing of introducing new products, variability of consumer preferences, retail sales, and product promotion. The study is based on 243 new products in selected self-service

Rajagopal

2008-01-01

133

Software Configuration Management for Product Derivation in Software Product Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

A key process in software product line (SPL) engineering is product derivation, which is the process of building software products from a base set of core assets. During product derivation, the components in both core assets and derived software products are modified to meet needs for different functionality, platforms, quality attributes, etc. However, existing software configuration management (SCM) systems do

Cheng Thao; Ethan V. Munson; Tien Nhut Nguyen

2008-01-01

134

Material and energy productivity.  

PubMed

Resource productivity, measured as GDP output per resource input, is a widespread sustainability indicator combining economic and environmental information. Resource productivity is ubiquitous, from the IPAT identity to the analysis of dematerialization trends and policy goals. High resource productivity is interpreted as the sign of a resource-efficient, and hence more sustainable, economy. Its inverse, resource intensity (resource per GDP) has the reverse behavior, with higher values indicating environmentally inefficient economies. In this study, we investigate the global systematic relationship between material, energy and carbon productivities, and economic activity. We demonstrate that different types of materials and energy exhibit fundamentally different behaviors, depending on their international income elasticities of consumption. Biomass is completely inelastic, whereas fossil fuels tend to scale proportionally with income. Total materials or energy, as aggregates, have intermediate behavior, depending on the share of fossil fuels and other elastic resources. We show that a small inelastic share is sufficient for the total resource productivity to be significantly correlated with income. Our analysis calls into question the interpretation of resource productivity as a sustainability indicator. We conclude with suggestions for potential alternatives. PMID:21210661

Steinberger, Julia K; Krausmann, Fridolin

2011-02-15

135

43 CFR 3931.70 - Production maps and production reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...MANAGEMENT (3000) MANAGEMENT OF OIL SHALE EXPLORATION AND LEASES Plans of... (a) Report production of all oil shale products or by-products to the...information that is applicable to oil shale operations. Well logs may be...

2013-10-01

136

43 CFR 3931.70 - Production maps and production reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...MANAGEMENT (4000) MANAGEMENT OF OIL SHALE EXPLORATION AND LEASES Plans of... (a) Report production of all oil shale products or by-products to the...information that is applicable to oil shale operations. Well logs may be...

2011-10-01

137

43 CFR 3931.70 - Production maps and production reports.  

...MANAGEMENT (3000) MANAGEMENT OF OIL SHALE EXPLORATION AND LEASES Plans of... (a) Report production of all oil shale products or by-products to the...information that is applicable to oil shale operations. Well logs may be...

2014-10-01

138

43 CFR 3931.70 - Production maps and production reports.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...MANAGEMENT (3000) MANAGEMENT OF OIL SHALE EXPLORATION AND LEASES Plans of... (a) Report production of all oil shale products or by-products to the...information that is applicable to oil shale operations. Well logs may be...

2012-10-01

139

Individuals in product development : interactions with teams and products  

E-print Network

This dissertation focuses on how individuals involved in complex product development operate and interact with other people in the project and how they perceive and modify the product. Complex product development requires ...

Castro, João Nuno Lopes

2010-01-01

140

The Economics of Product Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

The report of the National Commission on Product Safety stated that the American public is being exposed to many unreasonably hazardous products. Further, the post-accident remedies to compensate victims of product-related accidents are inadequate and encourage the continued production of unsafe products. It is believed that a shift in assignment of liability for accident costs from consumers to sellers would

Walter Y. Oi

1973-01-01

141

Nutritional water productivity and diets  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase in water productivity is likely to play a vital role in coping with the additional requirement for food production and the growth of the uses of water other than in agriculture in the coming century consistent with the shift from productivity per unit land to productivity per unit water, the nutritional productivity of water is calculated as energy,

D. Renault; W. W. Wallender

2000-01-01

142

Technology's Impact on Production  

SciTech Connect

As part of a cooperative agreement with the United States Department of Energy (DOE) - entitled Technology's Impact on Production: Developing Environmental Solutions at the State and National Level - the Interstate Oil and Gas Compact Commission (IOGCC) has been tasked with assisting state governments in the effective, efficient, and environmentally sound regulation of the exploration and production of natural gas and crude oil, specifically in relation to orphaned and abandoned wells and wells nearing the end of productive life. Project goals include: (1) Developing (a) a model framework for prioritization and ranking of orphaned or abandoned well sites; (b) a model framework for disbursement of Energy Policy Act of 2005 funding; and (c) a research study regarding the current status of orphaned wells in the nation. (2) Researching the impact of new technologies on environmental protection from a regulatory perspective. Research will identify and document (a) state reactions to changing technology and knowledge; (b) how those reactions support state environmental conservation and public health; and (c) the impact of those reactions on oil and natural gas production. (3) Assessing emergent technology issues associated with wells nearing the end of productive life. Including: (a) location of orphaned and abandoned well sites; (b) well site remediation; (c) plugging materials; (d) plug placement; (e) the current regulatory environment; and (f) the identification of emergent technologies affecting end of life wells. New Energy Technologies - Regulating Change, is the result of research performed for Tasks 2 and 3.

Rachel Amann; Ellis Deweese; Deborah Shipman

2009-06-30

143

New Product Launching Ideas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Launching a new product can be a tense time for a small or large business. There are those moments when you wonder if all of the work done to develop the product will pay off in revenue, but there are many things are can do to help increase the likelihood of a successful product launch. An open-minded consumer-oriented approach is imperative in todayís diverse global marketplace so a firm can identify and serve its target market, minimize dissatisfaction, and stay ahead of competitors. Final consumers purchase for personal, family, or household use. Finally, the kind of information that the marketing team needs to provide customers in different buying situations. In high-involvement decisions, the marketer needs to provide a good deal of information about the positive consequences of buying. The sales force may need to stress the important attributes of the product, the advantages compared with the competition; and maybe even encourage ìtrialî or ìsamplingî of the product in the hope of securing the sale. The final stage is the post-purchase evaluation of the decision. It is common for customers to experience concerns after making a purchase decision. This arises from a concept that is known as ìcognitive dissonance

Kiruthika, E.

2012-09-01

144

Application of manufactured products  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A wide range of products can be manufactured from the following materials: (1) lunar regolith or basalt; (2) regolith or rock beneficiated to concentrate plagioclase or other minerals; (3) iron, extracted from lunar soil or rocks by various means; (4) naturally occurring or easily obtained materials that have cementitious properties; and (5) byproducts of the above materials. Among the products that can be produced from these materials are the following: beams; plates and sheets; transparent plates (windows); bricks and blocks; pipes and tubes; low-density materials (foams); fiber, wire, and cables; foils and reflective coatings; hermetic seals (coatings); and formed objects. In addition to oxygen, which can be obtained by several processes, either from unbeneficiated regolith or by reduction of concentrated ilmenite, these materials make the simplest requirements of the lunar resource extraction system. A thorough analysis of the impact of these simplest products on the economics of space operations is not possible at this point. Research is necessary both to define optimum techniques and adapt them to space and to determine the probable market for the products so that the priority of various processes can be assessed. Discussions of the following products are presented: aerobraking heat shields; pressurized habitats; lunar photovoltaic farms; and agricultural systems.

Sastri, Sankar; Duke, Michael B.

1992-01-01

145

Product Appearance and Consumer Choice.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Product advantage is the number one factor influencing commercial success. In order for a product to have commercial success, consumers must perceive this product advantage. The communication of produce advantage is often difficult, as people perceive a l...

M. E. Creusen

1998-01-01

146

MOBILE PHONE, A SUSTAINABLE PRODUCT?  

E-print Network

Community Education Work BUT #12;Mobile phone, a sustainable product ? Authors : Marianne Parry aMOBILE PHONE, A SUSTAINABLE PRODUCT? Marianne Parrya, b, Charlotte Sannierc, Laurent Hayem, Carole EXTRACTION AND PRODUCTION MANUFACTURING Component manufacturing Mobile phone assembly PACKAGING

van Tiggelen, Bart

147

Design of product development systems  

E-print Network

The development of successful new products in less time and using fewer resources is key to the financial success of most consumer product companies. In this thesis we have studied the development of new products and how ...

Aguirre Granados, Adrian

2008-01-01

148

Household Products Database: Personal Care  

MedlinePLUS

Product, Manufacturer etc... Advanced Search Auto Products Inside the Home Pesticides Landscape/Yard Personal Care Home Maintenance Arts & Crafts Pet Care Home Office Commercial / Institutional Products Names Types of ...

149

[Products of nursing care].  

PubMed

The idea is to think about the knowledge and the learning involved in nursing care, its technologies, the health-disease process and its determinants, as well as the care as a product. From 1980 to 1992, 544.357 hospital beds were occupied and 19,6 million hospitalizations; therefore, 544,357 or 19.6 million of delivered care. This consideration emerged from the Research Group Care/Nursing Care from the Anna Nery Nursing School subsidized by Certeau's concepts of daily care and concepts of care practices, care, and client, for the analysis of the constitutive elements in nursing care. The knowledge and learning construction points to the creation of products such as books/chapters, protocols, new papers, agendas, DVDs, CDs, thesis, and dissertations. The way of caring contribute to the development of a series of products, built on a daily basis. PMID:20098886

Coelho, Maria José

2009-01-01

150

Biotechnological production of colorants.  

PubMed

The color of food and drinks is important, as it is associated with freshness and taste. Despite that natural colorants are more expensive to produce, less stable to heat and light, and less consistent in color range, natural colorants have been gaining market share in recent years. The background is that artificial colorants are often associated with negative health aspects. Considerable progress has been made towards the fermentative production of some colorants. Because colorant biosynthesis is under close metabolic control, extensive strain and process development are needed in order to establish an economical production process. Another approach is the synthesis of colors by means of biotransformation of adequate precursors. Algae represent a promising group of microorganisms that have shown a high potential for the production of different colorants, and dedicated fermentation and downstream technologies have been developed. This chapter reviews the available information with respect to these approaches. PMID:24037500

de Boer, Lex

2014-01-01

151

PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT IN AQUACULTURE: DEDUCING PRODUCT FORM FROM PRODUCT CLASS INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marketing scholars argue that product development should begin by examining the needs and wants of consumers, but what should product developers do when consumers are not able to express their needs and wants for a new product? To overcome this problem, we propose and test a model using consumers' product class information to deduce preferences for a product form. It

Tor Korneliussen; Stig Ingebrigtsen; Rolf Volden

2009-01-01

152

MINEHOUND: transition to production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The UK Department for International Development (DfID), in collaboration with the German Foreign Ministry (Auswärtiges Amt), contracted ERA Technology to carry out extensive field trials in Cambodia, Bosnia and Angola of an advanced technology, dual sensor, and hand-held landmine detector system called MINEHOUND TM. This detector combines a metal detector with a Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR). As a result of extremely successful trials MINEHOUND TM was developed as a product by ERA Technology and Vallon GmbH and has been available for sale since late 2006. This paper describes the transition to production of the detector.

Daniels, David J.; Curtis, Paul; Hunt, Nigel; Braunstein, Jürgen; Merz, Armin

2007-04-01

153

Bioactive oligosaccharide natural products.  

PubMed

Covering up to December 2013. Oligosaccharide natural products target a wide spectrum of biological processes including disruption of cell wall biosynthesis, interference of bacterial translation, and inhibition of human ?-amylase. Correspondingly, oligosaccharides possess the potential for development as treatments of such diverse diseases as bacterial infections and type II diabetes. Despite their potent and selective activities and potential clinical relevance, isolated bioactive secondary metabolic oligosaccharides are less prevalent than other classes of natural products and their biosynthesis has received comparatively less attention. This review highlights the unique modes of action and biosynthesis of four classes of bioactive oligosaccharides: the orthosomycins, moenomycins, saccharomicins, and acarviostatins. PMID:24883430

McCranie, Emilianne K; Bachmann, Brian O

2014-08-01

154

Top quark production  

E-print Network

We review the current status of the cross sections measurement of the top-quark at the LHC and at the Tevatron. Total production cross sections, studies using single top quark events and differential $\\rm{t}\\bar{\\rm t}$ cross sections are discussed. The associated production of top quark pairs with photons, Z and W bosons, including $\\rm{t}\\bar{\\rm t}$Z and $\\rm{t}\\bar{\\rm t}$W measurements shown for the first time at LHCP2014, are presented.

Senghi Soares, Mara

2014-01-01

155

5.OA Comparing Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Leo and Silvia are looking at the following problem: How does the product of $60 \\times 225$ compare to the product of $30 \\times 225$? Silvia says she...

156

Cu-67 Photonuclear Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cu-67 is considered as one of the most promising radioisotopes for cancer therapy with monoclonal antibodies. Current production schemes using high-flux reactors and cyclotrons do not meet potential market need. In this paper we discuss Cu-67 photonuclear production through the reaction Zn-68(?,p)Cu-67. Computer simulations were done together with experiments to study and optimize Cu-67 yield in natural Zn target. The data confirms that the photonuclear method has potential to produce large quantities of the isotope with sufficient purity to be used in medical field.

Starovoitova, Valeriia; Foote, Davy; Harris, Jason; Makarashvili, Vakhtang; Segebade, Christian R.; Sinha, Vaibhav; Wells, Douglas P.

2011-06-01

157

Crop Production: Annual Summary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) (described in the June 4, 1998 Scout Report for Business and Economics) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) has recently released the annual summary of US crop production. Available in text or .pdf format, the summary contains "annual US data for acreage, yield, and production by crop." In addition to statistical tables, the report includes reviews of crop progress and the weather in 1998. Reports from 1995-98 are also available in text format only.

158

Improving designer productivity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Designer and design team productivity improves with skill, experience, and the tools available. The design process involves numerous trials and errors, analyses, refinements, and addition of details. Computerized tools have greatly speeded the analysis, and now new theories and methods, emerging under the label Artificial Intelligence (AI), are being used to automate skill and experience. These tools improve designer productivity by capturing experience, emulating recognized skillful designers, and making the essence of complex programs easier to grasp. This paper outlines the aircraft design process in today's technology and business climate, presenting some of the challenges ahead and some of the promising AI methods for meeting those challenges.

Hill, Gary C.

1992-01-01

159

Energy Saving - Energy Production.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Chamber of Agriculture in Schleswig-Holstein takes stock in and provides a description of the theme ''Energy Saving-Energy Production'' in this book. 19 individual essays are used to report on energy supply in Germany, including alternative energy sou...

1980-01-01

160

I. Pasture production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Production and composition of 3 pasture types under intensive sheep grazing were measured over 7 years. All pastures were sown to a basic mixture of perennial ryegrass-white clover (Lolium × hybridum- Trifolium repens) but 2 pastures had either paspalum (Paspalum dilatatum) or kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum) as an additional summer-growing component. For the first 4 years (Period 1) ewe stocking

J. P. Lambert; P. J. Rumball; A. F. Boyd

1979-01-01

161

Neuraminidase production by clostridia.  

PubMed

The production of neuraminidase (EC 3.2.1.18) by a range of clostridial species was investigated with techniques previously developed to distinguish neuraminidase-negative and neuraminidase-positive strains of Clostridium perfringens (welchii). Large amounts of extracellular neuraminidase were produced by representative strains of C. perfringens and C. septicum in the test media. Under similar conditions, two strains each of C. chauvoei and C. tertium were found to produce small amounts of the enzyme. All of 12 strains of C. sordellii were clearly shown to produce neuraminidase, often in large amounts, but none of five strains of the closely related but non-pathogenic C. bifermentans had demonstrable neuraminidase activity. No neuraminidase was produced by C. novyi (oedematiens) types A-D (10 strains), C. tetani (6), C. botulinum types A, B, C or E (4), C. sporogenes (4), C. histolyticum (4) or by single strains of five other clostridial species. Clostridial neuraminidase was predominantly extracellular and was not calcium-dependent. The investigation took account of variations in growth and enzyme production in different media. It was necessary to prolong the neuraminidase-assay reaction time to 24 h and to monitor for the presence of NAN-aldolase (EC 4.1.3.3) to define true negatives. It is suggested that neuraminidase production may be of value in taxonomic studies and that its production by several pathogenic species of clostridia may be of interest in studies of pathogenicity and virulence. PMID:210277

Fraser

1978-08-01

162

Tobacco companies and products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tobacco companies have been restricted in what they can do to advertise their products. Some have been accused of soliciting children to begin smoking. Most tobacco companies are required to place some type of warning label on their packages warning smokers of the diseases that tobacco use can cause.

Adrian Pingstone (None;)

2008-03-19

163

Lithium Ion Production NDE  

E-print Network

Lithium Ion Electrode Production NDE and QC Considerations David Wood, Debasish Mohanty, Jianlin Li, and Claus Daniel 12/9/13 EERE Quality Control Workshop #12;2 Presentation name Lithium Ion Electrode to be meaningful and provide electrode and cell QC. #12;3 Presentation name New Directions in Lithium Ion Electrode

164

Hydrogen Production CODES & STANDARDS  

E-print Network

SYSTEMS INTEGRATION / ANALYSES SAFETY EDUCATION RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT Economy Pete Devlin #12;Hydrogen technologies from diverse, domestic sources, including fossil, nuclear, and renewable sources. Objectives for 2010 · Reduce the cost of distributed production of hydrogen from natural gas and/or liquid fuels to $1

165

Product Information Transparent  

E-print Network

Product Information Solar FEATURES · Transparent · Cures to flexible elastomer · Constant cure rate · No solvents or cure byproducts · Repairable · Good dielectric properties · Deep section cure · UL 94 V1, V0 · UL RTI 130°C (266°F) COMPOSITION · Two-part silicone elastomer supplied as flowable liquid

Yoo, S. J. Ben

166

WOOD PRODUCTS AND UTILIZATION  

E-print Network

WOOD PRODUCTS AND UTILIZATION V #12;#12;443USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-160. 1997, these trees are a vital component of wildlife and plant ecosystems, water quality, recreation, and esthetic found in the urban forests and the woody component of the urban waste stream. These have the potential

Standiford, Richard B.

167

Jennifer Henrquez Production Editor  

E-print Network

Jennifer Henríquez Production Editor Jhenriquez@BlackwellPub.com Dear Contributor to Computational will not be allowed. Your corrected proofs should be returned via express mail, fax or email to: Jennifer Henriquez to avoid any delay in publication. Rewriting of material submitted will not be allowed. Thank you! Jennifer

Reed, Chris

168

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization DEICING SALT SCALING RESISTANCE OF HIGH- VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE Salt Scaling Resistance of Fly Ash Concrete - Myth or Reality," held in Toronto, Canada, October 2000 OF WISCONSIN ­ MILWAUKEE #12;-1- Deicing Salt Scaling Resistance of High-Volume Fly Ash Concrete Tarun R. Naik

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

169

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization GREENER CONCRETE FROM WOOD FLY ASH AND COAL FLY ASH By Tarun R CONCRETE FROM WOOD FLY ASH AND COAL FLY ASH By Tarun R. Naik, Rudolph N. Kraus, Shiw S. Singh, Lori-Lynn C of concrete mixtures incorporating wood fly ash (FA). Two series of non-air entrained concrete mixtures were

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

170

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization FIFTEEN-YEAR PERFORMANCE OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE ROADS OFHIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE ROADS By TarunR.Naik*,RudolphN.Kraus*,and Bruce W.Ramme** ABSTRACT was determined to be either very low or negligible for all concrete mixtures. Mixtures containing Class F fly ash

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

171

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization DURABILITY OF CONCRETE WITH HIGH- VOLUMES OF FLY ASH By Tarun R of Structures - 2004 DURABILITY OF CONCRETE WITH HIGH-VOLUMES OF FLY ASH Tarun R. Naik UWM Center for By. Generally, the concrete mixtures containing Class F fly ash exhibited higher resistance to chloride ion

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

172

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization HIGH-STRENGTH CONCRETE CONTAINING LARGE QUANTITIES OF FLY ASH-Strength Concrete Containing Large Quantities of Fly Ash By Tarun R. Naik* and Bruce W. Ramme** ABSTRACT Presents and 28 MPa) structural grade concrete utilizing Class C fly ash. The fly ash was produced at Wisconsin

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

173

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

for high-volume fly ash concrete for commercial production in order to provide a greater acceptance by potential users. One of the possible high-volume fly ash uses of concrete appears to be in construction% of pavements use high volumes of fly ash concrete, a large volume of fly ash generated in the country can

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

174

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization EFFECT OF SOURCE OF FLY ASH ON ABRASION RESISTANCE OF CONCRETE-MILWAUKEE #12;2 EFFECT OF SOURCE OF FLY ASH ON ABRASION RESISTANCE OF CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh and amount of fly ash on abrasion resistance of concrete. A reference concrete was proportioned to have a 28

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

175

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization PERFORMANCE OF HIGH-VOLUME CLASS C FLY ASH CONCRETE SYSTEMS THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN - MILWAUKEE #12;PERFORMANCE OF HIGH-VOLUME CLASS C FLY ASH CONCRETE SYSTEMS UNDER-Volume Class C Fly Ash Concrete Systems Under Freezing and Thawing Environment By T.R. Naik and S.S. Singh

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

176

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

concrete mixtures can be made with up to blends of 20% ponded-ash and 5% Class F fly ash. #12;Introduction0 Center for By-Products Utilization DEVELOPMENT OF STRUCTURAL CONCRETE USING PONDED-ASH By Tarun R #12;1 Development of Structural Concrete Using Ponded-Ash By Tarun R. Naik *a , Rudolph N. Kraus b

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

177

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization LONG-TERM PERFORMACE OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE PAVEMENTS OF WISCONSIN - MILWAUKEE #12;LONG-TERM PERFORMANCE OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE-PAVEMENTS Tarun R. Naik their microstructure. Generally, strength development of concrete made with fly ash, especially Class F fly ash

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

178

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization EIGHTEEN-YEAR PERFORMANCE OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE-Year Performance of High-Volume Fly Ash Concrete Pavements Tarun R. Naik Professor of Structural Engineering the long-term performance of concrete pavements made with high volumes of Class F and Class C fly ash (FA

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

179

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization GLASS AS AGGREGATES IN FLOWABLE CONCRETE WITH FLY ASH By Tarun R is a member of ACI Committee 232, "Fly Ash and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete", Committee 228, "Nondestructive utilizing post- consumer glass (broken glass or glass cullet) aggregate and fly ash. The flowable concrete

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

180

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization EFFECT OF SOURCE OF CLASS C FLY ASH ON BEHAVIOR OF CONCRETE OF CLASS C FLY ASH ON BEHAVIOR OF CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh, and Bruce W. Ramme ABSTRACT, and low-strength flowable concrete. The major topics included are: properties of fly ash, effects of fly

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

181

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

aerobic respiration (Palmisano and Barlaz, 1996) and produces a final product that is stable, and free of aerobic composting, it generates carbon dioxide, water, and heat. On the other hand, anaerobic digestion to aerobic composting. Anaerobic digestion of MSW has developed more rapidly in Euro

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

182

TRANSVERSELY POLARIZED L PRODUCTION.  

SciTech Connect

Transversely polarized {Lambda} production in hard scattering processes is discussed in terms of a leading twist T-odd fragmentation function which describes the fragmentation of an unpolarized quark into a transversely polarized {Lambda}. We focus on the properties of this function and its relevance for the RHIC and HERMES experiments.

BORER,D.

2000-05-22

183

Production Volume Rendering Fundamentals  

E-print Network

Wrenninge1 Sony Pictures Imageworks Nafees Bin Zafar2 DreamWorks Animation Updated: 8 okt 2011 1 magnus volumetrics systems, and researchers looking to understand how volume rendering is used in the visual effects is a Senior Production Engineer in the Effects R&D group at DreamWorks Animation where he works on simulation

Teschner, Matthias

184

Production of zinc pellets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uniform zinc pellets are formed for use in batteries having a stationary or moving slurry zinc particle electrode. The process involves the cathodic deposition of zinc in a finely divided morphology from battery reaction product onto a non-adhering electrode substrate. The mossy zinc is removed from the electrode substrate by the action of gravity, entrainment in a flowing electrolyte, or

1996-01-01

185

MECO Production Target Developments  

E-print Network

Cooling · Radiation ­ minimal material in production region to reabsorb 's ­ significant engineering: cooling system absorbs 's ­ modest engineering difficulties handling coolant (water activation) #12;June UCI: A. Arjad, W.Molzon, M.Hebert, V.Tumakov, J.Popp Radiation-cooled R = 3 mm, L = 16 cm #12;June

McDonald, Kirk

186

SOIL EROSION AND PRODUCTIVITY  

E-print Network

SOIL EROSION AND PRODUCTIVITY DICK WOLKOWSKI DEPARTMENT OF SOIL SCIENCE UW-MADISON #12;SOIL EROSION/a/yr 30% OF US FARMLAND ABANDONED EROSION SALINIZATION WATER-LOGGING 90% OF US CROPLAND LOSING SOIL FASTER THAN IT IS REPLACED >1 t/a/yr PIMENTEL ET AL., 1995 #12;SOIL EROSION WATER AND WIND LOSSES CAN

Balser, Teri C.

187

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

generated from industrial operations and post-consumer wastes, as well as recycling of these materials materials and resource recovery. The law further encourages recycling of waste materials. Large amounts to waste disposal problems. Recycling of by-product materials generated from various sources must provide

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

188

Improving Meeting Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although technology is affecting the way organizations conduct business, there still remains a need to pay attention to good business meeting practices. Based on observations of the meeting practices of a business firm, a consultant found several areas in which meetings can be made more productive. The purpose of the meeting should be defined.…

Whitehead, Jack L., Jr.

189

Early Humour Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current studies explored early humour as a complex socio-cognitive phenomenon by examining 2- and 3-year-olds' humour production with their parents. We examined whether children produced novel humour, whether they cued their humour, and the types of humour produced. Forty-seven parents were interviewed, and videotaped joking with their…

Hoicka, Elena; Akhtar, Nameera

2012-01-01

190

Evaluate styrene production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Improvements and innovations in styrene production since 1966 are outlined. Rigorous process models are attributed to the changes. Such models are used to evaluate the effects of changing raw material costs, utility costs, and available catalyst choices. The process model can also evaluate the best operating configuration and catalyst choice for a plant. All specified innovations are incorporated in the

C. R. Hagopian; P. J. Lewis; J. J. McDonald

1983-01-01

191

Graviton Production at CLIC  

E-print Network

Direct production of Kaluza-Klein states in the TeV range is studied for the experimental environment at the multi-TeV $e^+e^-$ collider CLIC. The sensitivity of such data to model parameters is discussed for the Randall-Sundrum(RS) and TeV scale extra dimensional models.

M. Battaglia; A. De Roeck; T. Rizzo

2001-12-12

192

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

, and alkali silica reaction. Test results show that concrete produced from blended cements had equivalent expansions due to sulfate attack or alkali silica reaction. They also reduced the deterioration of concrete In the last few decades, industrial by-products such as fly ash, blast-furnace slag, and silica fume have been

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

193

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

, Mineral Admixture, Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Flexural Strength, Compressive Strength #12;ACI Fellow Tarun RCenter for By-Products Utilization FATIGUE PROPERTY OF CONCRETE WITH AND WITHOUT MINERAL ADMIXTURES PROPERTY OF CONCRETE WITH AND WITHOUT MINERAL ADMIXTURES* Tarun R. Naik, Ph.D., P.E. Director Center for By

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

194

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

). The first mixture (12.5 P) contained 20% Class C fly ash and 5% silica fume and the other mixture (12.5 E resistance, and alkali-silica reaction were evaluated. In general, concrete specimens cured in the VTCECenter for By-Products Utilization HIGH-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE FOR MANUFACTURE OF PRECAST

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

195

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

-husk ash, wood ash, GGBFS, silica fume, and other similar pozzolanic materials can reduce the useCenter for By-Products Utilization ENVIRONMENTAL-FRIENDLY CONCRETE WITH INDUSTRIAL AND POST and Applied Science THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN ­ MILWAUKEE #12;1 Environmental-Friendly Concrete

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

196

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

, Silica Fume, Slag, and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete, Bangkok, Thailand, May 31 - June 5, 1998Center for By-Products Utilization ABRASION RESISTANCE OF AIR-ENTRAINED CONCRETE MADE WITH VARIOUS OF WISCONSIN - MILWAUKEE #12;ABRASION RESISTANCE OF AIR-ENTRAINED CONCRETE MADE WITH VARIOUS SOURCES OF FLY ASH

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

197

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

For Presentation and Publication at the CANMET/ACI International Conference on Fly Ash, Silica Fume, SlagCenter for By-Products Utilization CO2 SEQUESTRATION IN NON-AIR ENTRAINED CONCRETE By Tarun R. Naik and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete, Poland, May 27 - June 1, 2007. Department of Civil Engineering

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

198

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

/ACI International Conference on Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag, and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete, Bangkok, ThailandCenter for By-Products Utilization DEICING SALT SCALING RESISTANCE OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE-Volume Fly Ash Concrete Using Various Sources of Fly Ash By T.R. Naik, S.S. Singh, R. N. Kraus, and M. M

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

199

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

OF WISCONSIN - MILWAUKEE #12;CHLORIDE PERMEABILITY OF SILICA FUME CONTAINING HIGH-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE By Tarun-PERFORMANCE (15,000 psi) SILICA FUME CONCRETE SUBJECTED TO TWO DIFFERENT CURING ENVIRONMENTS. THE CURINGCenter for By-Products Utilization Chloride Permeability of Silica Fume Containing High

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

200

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Fume, Slag and Natural Pozzolans in Concrete, Poland, May 27 - June 1, 2007. Department of CivilCenter for By-Products Utilization CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION IN NO-FINES CONCRETE By Tarun R 2006 For Presentation and Publication at the CANMET/ACI International Conference on Fly Ash, Silica

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

201

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

C fly ash and 14% silica fume and the other mixture (Mix 15E) contained 25% Class C fly ash, 17% Class F fly ash, and 6% silica fume by weight of cementitious materials. Two types of curing methodsCenter for By-Products Utilization TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON HIGH-PERFORMANCE CONCRETE By Tarun R

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

202

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

and Publication at the Ninth CANMET/ACI International Conference on Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag, and NaturalCenter for By-Products Utilization SHRINKAGE OF CONCRETE WITH AND WITHOUT FLY ASH By Tarun R. Naik Pozzolans in Concrete, Poland, May - June 2007. Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics College

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

203

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

: admixtures, concrete, durability, fly ash, no-fine concrete, pavement, RCC, RCCP, #12;2 silica fume. 1Center for By-Products Utilization STRENGTH AND DURABILITY OF ROLLER - COMPACTED HVFA CONCRETE and Durability of Roller-Compacted HVFA Concrete Pavements by Tarun R. Naik1 , Yoon-Moon Chun2 , Rudolph N. Kraus

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

204

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

pozzolans, GGBFS, silica fume, and other similar pozzolanic materials can reduce the use of manufacturedCenter for By-Products Utilization ENVIRONMENTAL-FRIENDLY DURABLE CONCRETE MADE WITH RECYCLED MATERIALS FOR SUSTAINABLE CONCRETE CONSTRUCTION By Tarun R. Naik and Giacomo Moriconi Report No. CBU-2005

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

205

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

: admixtures, concrete, durability, fly ash, no-fine concrete, #12;3 3 pavement, RCC, RCCP, silica fume. 1 DrCenter for By-Products Utilization STRENGTH AND DURABILITY OF ROLLER - COMPACTED HVFA CONCRETE Strength and Durability of Roller-Compacted HVFA Concrete Pavements by Tarun R. Naik1 , Yoon-Moon Chun2

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

206

Land Product Validation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The "Land Product Validation" (LPV) subgroup of the Committee on Earth Observing Satellites Working on Group on Calibration and Validation was formed in 2000. Goals of the LPV subgroup are: (1)to increase the quality and economy of global satellite product validation via developing and promoting international standards and protocols for field sampling, scaling, error budgeting, data exchange and product evaluation, and (2) to advocate mission-long validation programs for current and future earth observing satellites. First-round LPV activities will compliment the research themes of the Global Observation of Forest Cover (GOFC) program, which are: biophysical products, fire/burn scar detection, and land cover mapping. Meetings in June and July of 2001 focused on the first two themes. The GOFC "Forest Cover Characteristics and Changes" meeting provides a forum to initiate LPV activities related to Land Cover. The presentation will start with a summary of the LPV subgroup and its current activities. This will be followed by an overview of areas for potential coordination between the LPV and the GOFC Land Cover Theme.

Morisette, Jeffrey; Smith, David E. (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

207

Artificial Intelligence Production Systems  

E-print Network

memory Action part defines the associated problem solving step if the condition is true 3. Recognize-Act Cycle (Algorithm/Interpreter) Initialize working memory with problem start Repeat examining rules and taking action until the problem is solved or nothing new can be concluded Production System Working

Reed, Nancy E.

208

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

and ecologically harmful. CO2, a principal gas contributing to the "greenhouse effect", NOx and SOx are among will be obtained, but at a cost of increasing the consumption of raw materials and energy. Such expansion would products must either have better performance or use less raw materials and energy. SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

209

Products and pollutants in  

E-print Network

to understand how people are exposed to pollutants in the environment by studying what people eat, whatS tudy of Use of Products and E xposure Related Behavior SUPERB STUDY A study of pollutants are conducting this study for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). How can you get involved? Contact

Leistikow, Bruce N.

210

Models for Products  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores how models can support productive thinking. For us a model is a "thing", a tool to help make sense of something. We restrict attention to specific models for whole-number multiplication, hence the wording of the title. They support evolving thinking in large measure through the ways their users redesign them. They assume new…

Speiser, Bob; Walter, Chuck

2011-01-01

211

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization DEICING SALT SCALING RESISTANCE OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE USING VARIOUS SOURCES OF FLY ASH By Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh, Rudolph N. Kraus and Mohammad M OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE USING VARIOUS SOURCES OF FLY ASH By Tarun R. Naik, Ph.D., P.E. Director

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

212

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization UTILIZATION OF FLY ASH AS A CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL IN CHINA #12;UTILIZATION OF FLY ASH AS A CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL IN CHINA Ljhua Wei, Dean M. Golden and Tarun R utilization of fly ash as construction materials. The technologies established for fly ash utilization

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

213

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization LONG-TERM PERFORMACE OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE PAVEMENTS-TERM PERFORMANCE OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE-PAVEMENTS Tarun R. Naik, Director, UWM Center for By ash (FA). Six different mixtures, three mixtures with Class C fly ash up to 70% cement replacement

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

214

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

fly ash, bottom ash, boiler slag, and flue gas desulfurization (FGD) products from pulverized coal and advanced clean-coal technology combustors. Although 560 million tonnes (Mt) of fly ash, bottom ash]. In 1992, based on available data, over 370 Mt of fly ash and 90 Mt of bottom ash and boiler slag were

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

215

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization LONG-TERM PERFORMACE OF HIGH-VOLUME FLY ASH CONCRETE PAVEMENTS-Term Performance of High-Volume Fly Ash Concrete Pavements by Tarun R. Naik Director, Center for By ash (FA). Six different mixtures, three mixtures with Class C fly ash with up to 70% cement

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

216

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization DURABILITY OF FLY ASH CONCRETE SYSTEM INCORPORATING HIGH-CALCIUM FLY ASH - A REVIEW By Tarun R. Naik, Shiw S. Singh, and Bruce W. Ramme Report No. CBU-1997-23 November #12;2 DURABILITY OF FLY ASH CONCRETE SYSTEM INCORPORATING HIGH-CALCIUM FLY ASH - A REVIEW By Tarun R

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

217

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF POST-CONSUMER WASTE PLASTICS IN CEMENT-BASED COMPOSITES of Wisconsin-Milwaukee #12;Use of Post-Consumer Waste Plastics in Cement-Based Composites (Communicated by Dr describes an innovative use of post-consumer waste HDPE plastic in concrete as a soft filler. A reference

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

218

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization GREENER CONCRETE MADE WITH WOOD FLY ASH By Tarun R. Naik College of Engineering and Applied Science THE UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN ­ MILWAUKEE #12;1 Greener Concrete. Adams, P.O. Box 19002 Green Bay WI 54307 and Bruce W. Ramme Manager- Land Quality, We Energies

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

219

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

. Green materials also use less energy, resources, and can lead to high-performance cements and concreteCenter for By-Products Utilization SUSTAINABILITY OF CEMENT AND CONCRETE INDUSTRIES By Tarun R Concrete Opportunities, July 2005, Dundee, Scotland. Department of Civil Engineering and Mechanics College

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

220

Ethylene production from methionine  

PubMed Central

1. A new reaction is described in which ethylene is formed from the Cu+-catalysed breakdown of methionine in phosphate buffer at 30° in air. Some of the other products of the reaction are methionine sulphone, methionine sulphoxide, homocysteic acid, homocystine, acrolein, dimethyl disulphide, methanethiol, ethyl methyl sulphide, methane and ethane. These are considered to be produced in different reaction pathways. 2. Hydrogen peroxide is an intermediate in this reaction and can support ethylene production in the model system in anaerobic atmospheres. Cuprous copper is the active form that catalyses the formation of ethylene from an oxidized intermediate. The initial reaction is probably a Strecker degradation, but the aldehyde product is further degraded to ethylene and other products. 3. Methional (CH3·S·CH2·CH2·CHO) is the most effective producer of ethylene in the model system and appears to be an intermediate in the reaction. 4. The evidence, from both tracer studies and from other precursors of ethylene in the reaction, indicates that ethylene is derived from the ?CH2·CH2? group of methionine. PMID:16749150

Lieberman, M.; Kunishi, A. T.; Mapson, L. W.; Wardale, D. A.

1965-01-01

221

Innovation investment and productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Thispaperexplorestheroleofreplacementandinnovationinshapinginvestment and productivity during episodes of lumpy adjustment in capital. To this purpose we use a rich individual flrm-level panel of Spanish manufacturing data that com- bines information on equipment investment and flrm’s strategies. We show that investment concentrates about episodes of high investment, or investment spikes, whose nature depends upon observable heterogeneity. We flnd evidence of replace- mentactivityforflrmsnotinvolvedeitherinprocessinnovationorplantexpansion.

Omar Licandro; Reyes Maroto; Luis A. Puch

222

SaferProducts.gov  

MedlinePLUS

... sent to your business before they are posted online. Sign up with the Business Portal to get reports quickly. Get Started Do ... Safe: Watch and Share Report an Unsafe Product Business Sign In Search Recalls & Reports Advanced Search ... OF USE | PRIVACY | NO FEAR | OPEN GOVERNMENT ...

223

Production of pure metals  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A process for depositing elements by irradiating liquids is reported. Ultra pure elements are precipitated from aqueous solutions or suspensions of compounds. A solution of a salt of a metal to be prepared is irradiated, and the insoluble reaction product settles out. Some chemical compounds may also be prepared in this manner.

Philipp, W. H.; Marsik, S. J.; May, C. E. (inventors)

1974-01-01

224

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

tires generated during the year 1990 - 1991 were reused, recycled, or recovered [4]. A number of uses of tires as reclaimed rubber, (4) use as a fuel through burning, (5) use of tires in the production manufacture of erosion control structures and artificial reefs, (7) use of tire as rubber in pavements, and

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

225

Particle production at HERA  

E-print Network

Recent results on the properties of the hadronic final state at the HERA collider are presented. Strangeness production and correlations have been studied in the laboratory system for deep inelastic scattering (DIS). Inclusive $K^0_S$, $\\Lambda$ and $\\bar{\\Lambda}$ production has been measured and compared to Monte Carlo model calculations. No significant $\\Lambda$ to $\\bar{\\Lambda}$ production asymmetry was observed and the measured $\\Lambda (\\bar{\\Lambda})$ polarisations are consistent with zero. Bose-Einstein correlations between charged and neutral kaons have been studied and the obtained results are compared with the LEP measurements. A search for heavy particles was performed in the photoproduction process. The cross section for anti-deuteron production has been measured at a mean center-of-mass energy of $W_{\\gamma p}$ = 200 GeV. The azimuthal angle distribution of hadrons in DIS has also been studied in the hadronic center-of-mass system. The measurements of the azimuthal asymmetry are consistent with the perturbative QCD predictions.

Chuanlei Liu

2006-03-13

226

The Democratization of Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Just as the democratization of information through personal computers was a key advance of the 20th century, the democratization of production through improvements in fabrication technologies will be a pivotal development in the 21st century. Digital fabrication is the process of translating a digital design into a physical object. At one time,…

Bull, Glen; Groves, James

2009-01-01

227

Trucking Unmanufactured Forest Products  

E-print Network

Safe and Efficient Practices for Trucking Unmanufactured Forest Products 420-310 #12;M. Chad Bolding, Assistant Professor, Forest Operations/Engineering, Department of Forestry, Virginia Tech Tripp N. Dowling, Graduate Student, Forest Operations/Engineering, Department of Forestry, Virginia Tech Scott M

Liskiewicz, Maciej

228

Guitar Production Standards Blueprints  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This PDF document provides a few blueprints for guitar production standards. The drawings include some cross-sections and close-up details. Measurements are also provided. The features illustrated are common to all 25-1/2" scale length guitars.

2012-08-06

229

Fixing Maintenance Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how one university's facility managers use Nextel communications technology in conjunction with a Famis Software maintenance management system to improve the productivity of its maintenance technicians. The system uses a wireless Internet connection to automate the flow of work order information to and from technicians. The key to these…

Fickes, Michael

2003-01-01

230

CERTIFIED FOREST PRODUCTS MARKETS  

E-print Network

% Sawnwood 13% Panels 9% RW & primary 5% Windows & doors 5% Pulp & paper 5% DIY products 6% Trade & retailers industry sectors with PEFC C-o-C certification June 2003 Construction 1% Pulp & paper 4% Wood manufacturing 5% Other primary forest industries 6% Sawmilling 39% Timber trade 43% #12;Forest industry sectors

231

Why product design? Product design is about the development of  

E-print Network

solutions that meet human requirements and consumer needs. Products range from a toy that enhances learning, markets and social trends. Essentials What product design courses are there? Product Design Product Design requirements, refer to page 126 How do I find out more? For more information, contact: Department

Sussex, University of

232

Product Model Derivation by Model Transformation in Software Product Lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Product derivation is an essential part of the Software Product Line (SPL) development process. The paper proposes a model transformation for deriving automatically a UML model of a specific product from the UML model of a product line. This work is a part of a larger project aiming to integrate performance analysis in the SPL model-driven development. The SPL source

Rasha Tawhid; Dorina C. Petriu

2011-01-01

233

Productivity of Catalan firms. International exposure and (product) innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Exporting firms are typically the more productive firms in an economy. Based on this observation, policy makers typically enact policies to stimulate exportation by domestic firms. In this chapter, we argue that firms make productivity enhancing investments and as a result the more productive firms start an export activity, which might make these firms even more productive. We find evidence

Bruno Cassiman; Elena Golovko

2009-01-01

234

Butadiene production process overview.  

PubMed

Over 95% of butadiene is produced as a by-product of ethylene production from steam crackers. The crude C4 stream isolated from the steam cracking process is fed to butadiene extraction units, where butadiene is separated from the other C4s by extractive distillation. The amount of crude C4s produced in steam cracking is dependent on the composition of the feed to the cracking unit. Heavier feeds, such as naphtha, yield higher amounts of C4s and butadiene than do lighter feeds. Crackers using light feeds typically produce low quantities of C4s and do not have butadiene extraction units. Overall butadiene capacity is determined by ethylene cracker operating rates, the type of feed being cracked, and availability of butadiene extraction capacity. Global butadiene capacity is approximately 10.5 million metric tons, and global production is approximately 9 million metric tons [Chemical Marketing Associates, Inc. (CMAI), 2005 World Butadiene Analysis, Chemical Marketing Associates, Inc. (CMAI), 2005]. Crude C4s are traded globally, with the United States being the only significant net importer. Finished butadiene is also traded globally, with the largest exporters being Canada, Western Europe, Saudi Arabia and Korea. The largest net importers are Mexico, the United States and China. The global demand for butadiene is approximately 9 million metric tons [Chemical Marketing Associates, Inc. (CMAI), 2005 World Butadiene Analysis, Chemical Marketing Associates, Inc. (CMAI), 2005]. Production of styrene-butadiene rubber and polybutadiene rubber accounts for about 54% of global butadiene demand, with tire production being the single most important end use of butadiene synthetic rubbers. Other major butadiene derivatives are acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and styrene butadiene latex (about 24% of demand combined). PMID:17324391

White, Wm Claude

2007-03-20

235

The genealogy of lean production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lean production not only successfully challenged the accepted mass production practices in the automotive industry, significantly shifting the trade-off between productivity and quality, but it also led to a rethinking of a wide range of manufacturing and service operations beyond the high-volume repetitive manufacturing environment. The book ‘The machine that changed the World’ that introduced the term ‘lean production’ in

Matthias Holweg

2007-01-01

236

FREE PRODUCT FACTORIZATION PETER NELSON  

E-print Network

FREE PRODUCT FACTORIZATION PETER NELSON Abstract. In this paper proves a result about free products of groups, namely, that if a group is finitely generated, it can be factored uniquely into the free product, and then given one homomorphism from each factor to X, there is a unique homomorphism from the free product

May, J. Peter

237

Gender, Children and Research Productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The “productivity puzzle,” or gender gap in research productivity, is often thought to be due, in part, to gendered child care responsibilities. The time, energy, and money devoted to child-rearing can reduce the research productivity of scholars, especially women. However, there is little systematic research on this issue. The present study contributes to the literature by exploring the productivity puzzle

Steven Stack

2004-01-01

238

Minimizing activated carbons production cost  

Microsoft Academic Search

A detailed economic evaluation of activated carbons production process from various raw materials is undertaken using the conventional economic indices (ROI, POT, and NPV). The fundamental factors that affect production cost were taken into account. It is concluded that for an attractive investment in activated carbons production one should select the raw material with the highest product yield, adopt a

G. G. Stavropoulos; A. A. Zabaniotou

2009-01-01

239

Ulcer-free product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To help people who are responsible for product management to avoid risks that often derail a product. Increase the success of a product by making better decisions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Critical decisions of product development are outlined and solutions are given in the form of examples taken by other organizations. Findings – Decisions made early with more information led

Darrell Mockus

2006-01-01

240

Simple Analytics of Productive Consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shadow price of a productive good is equal to its money price less its marginal product. As more of the good is consumed, its shadow price rises because of diminishing productivity and the consumer's full income also rises because the marginal product is positive. The direction of the overall bias induced by endogenous prices and income is found to

Wing Suen; Pak Hung Mo

1994-01-01

241

Automotive Component Product Development Enhancement  

E-print Network

, instead, a continuous flow of innovative products and processes. The focus should be, therefore, shifted transformation cannot happen if the Product Development Process (PDP) does not break the iron gate of cycle time-product or system is not defined by a rigid CAD model which is then manipulated by product team engineers

242

Nattokinase: production and application.  

PubMed

Nattokinase (NK, also known as subtilisin NAT) (EC 3.4.21.62) is one of the most considerable extracellular enzymes produced by Bacillus subtilis natto. The main interest about this enzyme is due to its direct fibrinolytic activity. Being stable enough in the gastrointestinal tract makes this enzyme a useful agent for the oral thrombolytic therapy. Thus, NK is regarded as a valuable dietary supplement or nutraceutical. Proven safety and ease of mass production are other advantages of this enzyme. In addition to these valuable advantages, there are other applications attributed to NK including treatment of hypertension, Alzheimer's disease, and vitreoretinal disorders. This review tends to bring a brief description about this valuable enzyme and summarizes the various biotechnological approaches used in its production, recovery, and purification. Some of the most important applications of NK, as well as its future prospects, are also discussed. PMID:25348469

Dabbagh, Fatemeh; Negahdaripour, Manica; Berenjian, Aydin; Behfar, Abdolazim; Mohammadi, Fatemeh; Zamani, Mozhdeh; Irajie, Cambyz; Ghasemi, Younes

2014-11-01

243

Holographic entropy production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The suspicion that gravity is holographic has been supported mainly by a variety of specific examples from string theory. In this paper, we propose that such a holography can actually be observed in the context of Einstein's gravity and at least a class of generalized gravitational theories, based on a definite holographic principle where neither is the bulk space-time required to be asymptotically AdS nor the boundary to be located at conformal infinity, echoing Wilson's formulation of quantum field theory. After showing the general equilibrium thermodynamics from the corresponding holographic dictionary, in particular, we provide a rather general proof of the equality between the entropy production on the boundary and the increase of black hole entropy in the bulk, which can be regarded as strong support to this holographic principle. The entropy production in the familiar holographic superconductors/superfluids is investigated as an important example, where the role played by the holographic renormalization is explained.

Tian, Yu; Wu, Xiao-Ning; Zhang, Hongbao

2014-10-01

244

Biotechnology: Production Support Associate  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this 2:34 video excerpt from Pathways to Technology, meet Suzanne Pooler, a biotechnology production support associate, whose work contributes to cancer treatment. As a production support associate, Suzanne supports scientists' research by keeping cancer cells alive in test tubes. Without the right environment and nourishment, the cells would die and the research would have to start over. Suzanne discusses why she left her old job as an administrative assistant to attend community college and study science. She also explains why she loves her new job working in the field of biotechnology. The video is accompanied by a background essay, standards alignment, and discussion questions. Users who sign up for a free account can download the video as well.

2012-05-23

245

Basics of Electrical Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This course is one of the quickStep series offered by Siemens in Electrical Products. These are FREE on-line industrial knowledge building tutorials. quickSTEPs are a great start for industry novices moving into technical jobs or staff in operational support rolls. They can also be very effectively used as out of class assignments for review or to build fundamental skills. Each course includes: -an online tutorial organized as a number of units and lessons with self check quiz questions-a glossary of terms-a self-check final exam with scoring -an extensive downloadable pdf study guideThis course on the basics of electrical products covers residential, commerical, and industrial applications.

2009-06-12

246

Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It can be considered as the medical science of machines. Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) is a maintenance program which involves a newly defined concept for maintaining plants and equipment. The goal of the TPM program is to markedly increase production while, at the same time, increasing employee morale and job satisfaction.TPM brings maintenance into focus as a necessary and vitally important part of the business. It is no longer regarded as a non-profit activity. Down time for maintenance is scheduled as a part of the manufacturing day and, in some cases, as an integral part of the manufacturing process. The goal is to hold emergency and unscheduled maintenance to a minimum.

2008-11-24

247

Electrified oil production  

SciTech Connect

Electrified oil production is discussed in detail. The contents include: distributions for electrified leases; utilization of transformer stations and connections; lightening protection and grounding for safety, fault clearing, and insulation coordination; system power-factor improvement with static capacitors; motor horsepower rating for oil well pumping; oil field pumping controls; application of bottom-hole and tube heaters; and electrically powered water floods--application and economics. (JMT)

Howell, J.K.; Hogwood, E.E.

1981-01-01

248

West coast drilling; production  

Microsoft Academic Search

California's oil industry rounded out the past year with production near an all-time high. California's 40,500 wells are putting out 1,027,000 bpd, which is some 10,000 bpd less than a year earlier. The performance is good enough to keep California in a solid third place in the ranks of the nation's oil-producing states, runner-up only to Texas and Louisiana. Finishing

Rintoul

1971-01-01

249

Ethics and Industrial Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of nanotechnology seems inevitable, for it alone would be able to solve or circumvent the huge difficulties to be faced by industrial and post-industrial societies, in both their private and their public aspects, and including the ageing population and its expectations with regard to health, the evolution of the climate, pollution, the management of food resources and raw materials, access to drinking water, control of energy production and consumption, equitable and sustainable development, etc.

Bernard, Daniel

250

Joined ceramic product  

DOEpatents

According to the present invention, a joined product is at least two ceramic parts, specifically bi-element carbide parts with a bond joint therebetween, wherein the bond joint has a metal silicon phase. The bi-element carbide refers to compounds of MC, M.sub.2 C, M.sub.4 C and combinations thereof, where M is a first element and C is carbon. The metal silicon phase may be a metal silicon carbide ternary phase, or a metal silicide.

Henager, Jr., Charles W [Kennewick, WA; Brimhall, John L. (West Richland, WA) [West Richland, WA

2001-08-21

251

Stored Product Pest Images  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Photographic gallery containing 81 images of pests of stored products, including eggs, larvae and pupae and damage photos. Mites, beetles, moths, and psocids are included. A web browser and CD-ROM drive are required to view the images. Images are of high quality and the accompanying text is generally accurate and informative. The larval lesser mealworm is mis-captioned as an adult. Navigation of the images is easy.

0002-11-30

252

Tools and Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

A look at new products on the market, including the BOXX Technologies' Apexx 4 Super-Workstation and renderBOXX Classic 7500, Dimension 3D Printers from Tekpro Group, Micronas' VCT-Premium single-chip flat panel TV processors, Cyberware Head and Face Color 3D Scanner, eRacks\\/Suite, Visidec Focus Micro, Visidec Focus Wall, Design Science MathPlayer 2.1, MaPZone 2.6, MyRapidMD's ESP, Bunkspeed HyperShot,

Carl Machover; David J. Kasik

2007-01-01

253

Peppermint and spearmint production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  A prescription for the production of peppermint based on the known data would be as follows. Mint requires a normally fertile\\u000a soil with high water holding capacity or irrigation available if rainfall is not sufficient. It requires an area having a\\u000a day length of 15 to 16 hours, as much sunlight as possible, clean planting stock, and disease control measures

N. K. Ellis

1960-01-01

254

By-Products Utilization  

E-print Network

Center for By-Products Utilization USE OF FBC ASH AND PONDED COAL-ASH IN READY-MIXED CONCRETE #12;Naik, Kraus, Chun, & Botha Use of FBC ash and Ponded Coal-Ash in Ready-Mixed Concrete 1 MS# M8-60. FINAL. October 2005. Use of FBC Ash and Ponded Coal-Ash in Ready-Mixed Concrete by Tarun R. Naik

Wisconsin-Milwaukee, University of

255

Hydrogen Production Overview  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fact sheet focuses on the production of hydrogen. Sources of hydrogen, how it is produced, and the transition to a "hydrogen economy" are briefly discussed in this two-page document. This material would be most useful for students with a basic understanding of what hydrogen is and how it may be used as fuel. The document may be downloaded in PDF file format.

2012-08-22

256

Greenhouse production systems for people  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmentally sound greenhouse production requires that: demand for market products is understood; greenhouse design addresses the climate circum-stances; input resources are available and consumed efficiently, and; there must be a reasonable balance of production products to the environmental impacts from system. Engineering greenhouse production systems to meet these requirements must include: a cost-effective and structurally sound facility; various sub-systems controlled

G. A. Giacomelli; S. Sase; R. Cramer; J. Hoogeboom; A. McKenzie; K. Parbst; G. Sacrascia-Mugnozza; P. Selina; D. A. Sharp; J. O. Voogt; Weel van P. A; D. Mears

2012-01-01

257

Exploring Nanotechnology through Consumer Products  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson, presented by the National Nanotechnology Infrastructure Network, covers nanotechnology in consumer products. First, the instructor presents an introductory PowerPoint and then "students are given a chance in groups to explore consumer products through an information sheet provided over available consumer products." A Teacher Preparation Guide, Student Guide, PowerPoint presentation, Nano Products Resource Guide, as well as a wide variety of product information sheets are included. 

2014-08-27

258

Simulation of Sextet Diquark Production  

E-print Network

We present a method for simulating the production and decay of particles in the sextet representation of $SU(3)_C$ including the simulation of QCD radiation. First results from the Monte Carlo simulation of sextet diquark production at the LHC including both resonant and pair production are presented. We include limits on resonant diquark production from recent ATLAS results and perform the first simulation studies of the less model dependent pair production mechanism.

Peter Richardson; David Winn

2011-08-31

259

XML-based product information processing method for product design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Design knowledge of modern mechatronics product is based on information processing as the center of the knowledge-intensive engineering, thus product design innovation is essentially the knowledge and information processing innovation. Analysis of the role of mechatronics product design knowledge and information management features, a unified model of XML-based product information processing method is proposed. Information processing model of product design includes functional knowledge, structural knowledge and their relationships. For the expression of product function element, product structure element, product mapping relationship between function and structure based on the XML model are proposed. The information processing of a parallel friction roller is given as an example, which demonstrates that this method is obviously helpful for knowledge-based design system and product innovation.

Zhang, Zhen Yu

2011-12-01

260

XML-based product information processing method for product design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Design knowledge of modern mechatronics product is based on information processing as the center of the knowledge-intensive engineering, thus product design innovation is essentially the knowledge and information processing innovation. Analysis of the role of mechatronics product design knowledge and information management features, a unified model of XML-based product information processing method is proposed. Information processing model of product design includes functional knowledge, structural knowledge and their relationships. For the expression of product function element, product structure element, product mapping relationship between function and structure based on the XML model are proposed. The information processing of a parallel friction roller is given as an example, which demonstrates that this method is obviously helpful for knowledge-based design system and product innovation.

Zhang, Zhen Yu

2012-01-01

261

Soils based productivity evaluation  

SciTech Connect

Since the passage of SMCRA, reclamation success on agricultural lands has been determined by long-term yield testing. This required a long bond release period lasting ten years or more. Recently, landowners, mine operators, and regulators have voiced a need for methods to expedite the bond release process. The financial burdens of annual cropping and field maintenance by mine operators and monitoring by regulators are of major concern. Landowners need to have the land returned to their production operations instead of being locked in the bond release process for a decade or more. A soils based formula could relieve these financial burdens and ensure the most efficient process to return the productive soil resource to the landowner. In addition, this method will also identify problem fields immediately after reclamation. Currently, some fields undergo ten years of testing before a problem becomes evident. Once a problem is identified and remediation occurs, another period of testing is required. A soils based productivity index, currently being developed in Illinois, will be presented. This will include the basic concepts and findings from earlier research. The needs, benefits, and limitations will also be discussed.

Hooks, C. [Southern Illinois Univ./Univ. of Illinois Reclamation Research Station, Percy, IL (United States)

1998-12-31

262

Microbial Production of Biovanillin  

PubMed Central

This review aims at providing an overview on the microbial production of vanillin, a new alternative method for the production of this important flavor of the food industry, which has the potential to become economically competitive in the next future. After a brief description of the applications of vanillin in different industrial sectors and of its physicochemical properties, we described the traditional ways of providing vanillin, specifically extraction and chemical synthesis (mainly oxidation) and compared them with the new biotechnological options, i.e., biotransformations of caffeic acid, veratraldehyde and mainly ferulic acid. In the second part of the review, emphasis has been addressed to the factors most influencing the bioproduction of vanillin, specifically the age of inoculum, pH, temperature, type of co-substrate, as well as the inhibitory effects exerted either by excess substrate or product. The final part of the work summarized the downstream processes and the related unit operations involved in the recovery of vanillin from the bioconversion medium. PMID:24031526

Converti, A.; Aliakbarian, B.; Dominguez, J.M.; Bustos Vazquez, G.; Perego, P.

2010-01-01

263

Advanced Production Planning Models  

SciTech Connect

>This report describes the innovative modeling approach developed as a result of a 3-year Laboratory Directed Research and Development project. The overall goal of this project was to provide an effective suite of solvers for advanced production planning at facilities in the nuclear weapons complex (NWC). We focused our development activities on problems related to operations at the DOE's Pantex Plant. These types of scheduling problems appear in many contexts other than Pantex--both within the NWC (e.g., Neutron Generators) and in other commercial manufacturing settings. We successfully developed an innovative and effective solution strategy for these types of problems. We have tested this approach on actual data from Pantex, and from Org. 14000 (Neutron Generator production). This report focuses on the mathematical representation of the modeling approach and presents three representative studies using Pantex data. Results associated with the Neutron Generator facility will be published in a subsequent SAND report. The approach to task-based scheduling described here represents a significant addition to the literature for large-scale, realistic scheduling problems in a variety of production settings.

JONES,DEAN A.; LAWTON,CRAIG R.; KJELDGAARD,EDWIN A.; WRIGHT,STEPHEN TROY; TURNQUIST,MARK A.; NOZICK,LINDA K.; LIST,GEORGE F.

2000-12-01

264

Optimizing continuous miner coal production systems based on production and production cost  

SciTech Connect

The purpose is to develop a face production cost model for room-and-pillar mining, to integrate the model with SIU-Suboleski production (SSP) modeling software, and to show that combining face production cost with ROM production provides a better indicator for comparing equipment costs. Several production planning scenarios were modeled. An SSP model was developed that incorporates capital, operating, and production costs for each option and calculates an estimate of face production cost on a raw coal basis. 6 refs., 5 figs., 6 tabs.

Chugh, Y.P.; Patwardhan, A.; Moharana, A. [Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL (United States). Department of Mining and Minerals Resources Engineering

2005-07-01

265

Microbiological Spoilage of Cereal Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A wide range of cereal products, including bakery items, refrigerated dough, fresh pasta products, dried cereal products, snack foods, and bakery mixes, are manufactured for food consumption. These products are subject to physical, chemical, and microbiological spoilage that affects the taste, aroma, leavening, appearance, and overall quality of the end consumer product. Microorganisms are ubiquitous in nature and have the potential for causing food spoilage and foodborne disease. However, compared to other categories of food products, bakery products rarely cause food poisoning. The heat that is applied during baking or frying usually eliminates pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms, and low moisture contributes to product stability. Nevertheless, microbiological spoilage of these products occurs, resulting in substantial economic losses.

Cook, Frederick K.; Johnson, Billie L.

266

Antibiotics in Animal Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The administration of antibiotics to animals to prevent or treat diseases led us to be concerned about the impact of these antibiotics on human health. In fact, animal products could be a potential vehicle to transfer drugs to humans. Using appropri ated mathematical and statistical models, one can predict the kinetic profile of drugs and their metabolites and, consequently, develop preventive procedures regarding drug transmission (i.e., determination of appropriate withdrawal periods). Nevertheless, in the present chapter the mathematical and statistical concepts for data interpretation are strictly given to allow understanding of some basic pharma-cokinetic principles and to illustrate the determination of withdrawal periods

Falcão, Amílcar C.

267

Beauty production at HERA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Beauty quark production in ep collisions is being studied at HERA. The latest results in deep inelastic scattering (DIS) and photoproduction (PHP) regime performed by the ZEUS and HI experiments are presented here. The first measurement exploits the potential of the ZEUS mi-crovertex detector to identify beauty in PHP dijet events in an inclusive analysis. In the second measurement, beauty quarks were identified through their decays into muons. Finally, two measurements of the beauty contribution to the proton structure function, F2b???b, in DIS are presented. The four measurements are consistent with previous results and are reasonably well described by QCD predictions.

Yagues, A.

2009-12-01

268

Microbial hyaluronic acid production.  

PubMed

Hyaluronic acid (HA) is a commercially valuable medical biopolymer increasingly produced through microbial fermentation. Viscosity limits product yield and the focus of research and development has been on improving the key quality parameters, purity and molecular weight. Traditional strain and process optimisation has yielded significant improvements, but appears to have reached a limit. Metabolic engineering is providing new opportunities and HA produced in a heterologous host is about to enter the market. In order to realise the full potential of metabolic engineering, however, greater understanding of the mechanisms underlying chain termination is required. PMID:15599518

Chong, Barrie Fong; Blank, Lars M; Mclaughlin, Richard; Nielsen, Lars K

2005-01-01

269

Wood and Wood Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Wood has been utilized by humans since antiquity. Trees provided a source of many products required by early humans such as food, medicine, fuel, and tools. For example, the bark of the willow tree, when chewed, was used as a painkiller in early Greece and was the precursor of the present-day aspirin. Wood served as the primary fuel in the United States until about the turn of the 19th century, and even today over one-half of the wood now harvested in the world is used for heating fuel.

Young, Raymond A.

270

Product Module Rig Test  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The low emissions potential of a Rich-Quench-Lean (RQL) combustor for use in the High Speed Civil Transport (HSCT) application was evaluated as part of Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) 1.0.2.7 of the NASA Critical Propulsion Components (CPC) Program under Contract NAS3-27235. Combustion testing was conducted in cell 1E of the Jet Burner Test Stand at United Technologies Research Center. Specifically, a Rich-Quench-Lean combustor, utilizing reduced scale quench technology implemented in a quench vane concept in a product-like configuration (Product Module Rig), demonstrated the capability of achieving an emissions index of nitrogen oxides (NOx EI) of 8.5 gm/Kg fuel at the supersonic flight condition (relative to the program goal of 5 gm/Kg fuel). Developmental parametric testing of various quench vane configurations in the more fundamental flametube, Single Module Rig Configuration, demonstrated NOx EI as low as 5.2. All configurations in both the Product Module Rig configuration and the Single Module Rig configuration demonstrated exceptional efficiencies, greater than 99.95 percent, relative to the program goal of 99.9 percent efficiency at supersonic cruise conditions. Sensitivity of emissions to quench orifice design parameters were determined during the parametric quench vane test series in support of the design of the Product Module Rig configuration. For the rectangular quench orifices investigated, an aspect ratio (length/width) of approximately 2 was found to be near optimum. An optimum for orifice spacing was found to exist at approximately 0.167 inches, resulting in 24 orifices per side of a quench vane, for the 0.435 inch quench zone channel height investigated in the Single Module Rig. Smaller quench zone channel heights appeared to be beneficial in reducing emissions. Measurements were also obtained in the Single Module Rig configuration on the sensitivity of emissions to the critical combustor parameters of fuel/air ratio, pressure drop, and residence time. Minimal sensitivity was observed for all of these parameters.

Holdeman, James D. (Technical Monitor); Chiappetta, Louis, Jr.; Hautman, Donald J.; Ols, John T.; Padget, Frederick C., IV; Peschke, William O. T.; Shirley, John A.; Siskind, Kenneth S.

2004-01-01

271

Home Fruit Production - Figs.  

E-print Network

TDOC Z TA245.7 B873 NO.1591 B-1591 Texas Agricultural Extension Service HOM? FRUIT PRODUCTION FIGS LIBRARY SEP 2 7 1988 ( A&M Univer it Texas Agricultural Extension Service. Zerle L. Carpenter, Director. The Texas A&M University System.... Dooryard trees can be grown in any section of Texas. Figs grow extremely well along the Texas Gulf Coast. However, trees require cold protection in the far northern and western areas and supplemental irrigation in the state's drier areas. The fig fruit...

Lyons, Calvin G.; McEachern, George Ray

1987-01-01

272

Marine natural products.  

PubMed

This review covers the literature published in 2011 for marine natural products, with 870 citations (558 for the period January to December 2011) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green, brown and red algae, sponges, cnidarians, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms, mangroves and other intertidal plants and microorganisms. The emphasis is on new compounds (1152 for 2011), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. Biosynthetic studies, first syntheses, and syntheses that lead to the revision of structures or stereochemistries, have been included. PMID:23263727

Blunt, John W; Copp, Brent R; Keyzers, Robert A; Munro, Murray H G; Prinsep, Michèle R

2013-02-01

273

Marine natural products.  

PubMed

This review covers the literature published in 2012 for marine natural products, with 1035 citations (673 for the period January to December 2012) referring to compounds isolated from marine microorganisms and phytoplankton, green, brown and red algae, sponges, cnidarians, bryozoans, molluscs, tunicates, echinoderms, mangroves and other intertidal plants and microorganisms. The emphasis is on new compounds (1241 for 2012), together with the relevant biological activities, source organisms and country of origin. Biosynthetic studies, first syntheses, and syntheses that lead to the revision of structures or stereochemistries, have been included. PMID:24389707

Blunt, John W; Copp, Brent R; Keyzers, Robert A; Munro, Murray H G; Prinsep, Michèle R

2014-01-17

274

Production of Prompt Photons  

E-print Network

After a brief review of the production dynamics of prompt single photons in hadron collisions, I summarize a new QCD calculation of the transverse momentum distribution of continuum prompt photon pairs produced by QCD subprocesses, including all-orders soft-gluon resummation valid at next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy. Resummation is necessary to obtain reliable predictions, as well as good agreement with data from the Fermilab Tevatron, in the range of transverse momentum where the cross section is largest. Predictions are made for the Large Hadron Collider where the QCD diphoton continuum is shown to have a softer spectrum in transverse momentum than the Higgs boson signal.

Edmond L. Berger

2006-08-12

275

Barley Production in Texas.  

E-print Network

for livestock. On the high plains area barley may be either fall or spring seeded. Fall seeding of IVintex or Tennessee winter types may be winter killed some seasons, but, if they survive, a~re more productive than spring seeded barley. In seasons of ample... Tennessee Winter as a group name includes many strains of barley which are grown in the winter barley area of the United States. In Texas, winter barley has been grown under the names of Tennessee Winter and Texas Winter for many years. The strains cannot...

Dunkle, P. B. (Paul Burtch); Atkins, Irvin Milburn

1941-01-01

276

Strangeness Production at CLAS  

SciTech Connect

The CLAS detector is a large acceptance spectrometer located at the electron accelerator at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. Production of K+ and K* mesons along with associated hyperons were measured using the CLAS detector at electron beam energies of 2.4-4.4 GeV. In addition, polarization transfer from the electron helicity to the Lambda hyperon was measured. These data are compared with theoretical models, where available, based on fits to older, less precise K+ data. The new data for CLAS indicate that improvements in the models are necessary in order to interpret the results.

K. H. Hicks

2002-06-07

277

Beauty production at HERA  

SciTech Connect

Beauty quark production in ep collisions is being studied at HERA. The latest results in deep inelastic scattering (DIS) and photoproduction (PHP) regime performed by the ZEUS and HI experiments are presented here. The first measurement exploits the potential of the ZEUS mi-crovertex detector to identify beauty in PHP dijet events in an inclusive analysis. In the second measurement, beauty quarks were identified through their decays into muons. Finally, two measurements of the beauty contribution to the proton structure function, F{sub 2}{sup b???b}, in DIS are presented. The four measurements are consistent with previous results and are reasonably well described by QCD predictions.

Yagues, A. [Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany)

2009-12-17

278

Oat Production in Texas.  

E-print Network

TEXAS AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION R. D. LEWIS, Director College Station, Texas BULLETIN NO. 691 SEPTEMBER 1947 Oat Production in Texas I. M. ATKINS and E. S. McFADDEN 4 Department of Agronomy In cooperation with the Division of Cereal... belts and distribution of oat acreages in Texas in 1939. Oats rank fifth in acreage among the farm crops of Texas. The crop is best adapted to the heavy soils of the Central Texas 'Blackland area 1~1t is also grown extensively in the lighter soils...

McFadden, E. S. (Edgar Sharp); Atkins, Irvin Milburn

1947-01-01

279

Syntheses of Potential Degradation Products of Phenylephrine in OTC Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compound 1 and 2 are potential major degradants in over the counter (OTC) products containing phenylephrine HCl and dexbrompheniramine maleate or chlorpheniramine maleate. Compound 2 matches the unknown peak in the solution of stressed active and excipient and thus was identified as the correct degradation product. Whether the degradation product is racemic or chiral is not known. This article describes

T.-M. Chan; Jianshe Kong; Paul McNamara; Jesse K. Wong

2008-01-01

280

Report on Federal Productivity. Volume 2, Productivity Case Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Volume 2 contains 15 productivity case studies which illustrate and expand on the causal factors mentioned in volume 1. The cases illustrate many different approaches to productivity measurement improvement. The case studies are: Development of an Output-Productivity Measure for the Air Force Medical Service; Measuring Effectiveness and Efficiency…

Joint Financial Management Improvement Program, Washington, DC.

281

Matching unstructured product offers to structured product specifications  

Microsoft Academic Search

An e-commerce catalog typically comprises of specifications for millions of products. The search engine receives millions of sales offers from thousands of independent merchants that must be matched to the right products. We describe the challenges that a system for matching unstructured offers to structured product descriptions must address, drawing upon our experience from building such a system for Bing

Anitha Kannan; Inmar E. Givoni; Rakesh Agrawal; Ariel Fuxman

2011-01-01

282

Matching Unstructured Product Offers to Structured Product Descriptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

An e-commerce catalog is typically comprised of specifications for millions of products. The search engine receives millions of sales offers from thousands of independent merchants that must be matched to the right products. This problem is hard for several reasons. First, unique identifiers are absent in most offers. Second, although the product specifications are well structured, offers are described in

Anitha Kannan; Inmar E. Givoni; Rakesh Agrawal; Ariel Fuxman

2010-01-01

283

Production Systems - Florida Greenhouse Vegetable Production Handbook, Vol 31  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are numerous production systems currently being utilized worldwide by commercial greenhouse vegetable producers. Among the more important include bag culture, trough culture, rockwool, nutrient film technique (NFT), and ground (in-soil) culture. Many modifications of these basic production systems are presently being utilized and most are appropriate for Florida, except ground culture. There are also several minor production systems, including

M. S. Sweat; G. J. Hochmuth

284

Production and distribution of by-product hydrogen in Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydrogen is the secondary energy source or energy carrier which can be obtained by transforming primary energy sources like solar energy, coal, petroleum, and natural gas. At present, it is used mainly as process gas of chemical plant and raw material of chemical products rather than energy source. Natural gas reforming is the cheapest method of hydrogen production except by-product

Kyu-Sung Sim; Jong-Won Kim; Heung-Sun Kim

285

Apparel product development: measures of apparel product success and failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore how the performance of apparel products is measured in the apparel business so as to contribute theoretical understanding and the company's capacity of apparel product development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Qualitative research method was employed. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 27 individuals who have developed apparel products in the US apparel

Namkyung Jang; Kitty G. Dickerson; Jana M. Hawley

2005-01-01

286

Relationships between product development strategies and product design issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taiwanese electronics and computer products are well respected by consumers globally. This study examines local electronics and computer enterprises to identify the product development strategies applied to deal with global competition and attain competitive advantage. Based on questionnaire results, product development strategic groups were categorised for the Taiwanese electronics and computer industry in response to global competition. In total, 48

Yen Hsu

2011-01-01

287

Uncertain Product Quality, Optimal Pricing and Product Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A firm is developing a new product. However, the firm is uncertain as to how consumers will perceive the product's desirability or quality. Using a general model of product quality, conditions for an increase in uncertainty to increase the optimal price are derived. General conditions are derived under which the firm prefers the less risky project, the one with lower

Anthony Creane

2002-01-01

288

An Analysis of Production and Financial Performance of Baitfish Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indicators of performance efficiency provide benchmarks for measuring and comparing fish farm performance over time. A set of production and financial performance analysis indicators was developed specifically for commercial baitfish production and was utilized on commercial farms from 1996-1997. Results provide an in-depth and comprehensive financial portrait of baitfish production. This study measured the high degree of variation across baitfish

Carole R. Engle; Nathan Stone; Eric Park

2000-01-01

289

Data mining in design of products and production systems  

E-print Network

Data mining in design of products and production systems Andrew Kusiak *, Matthew Smith Intelligent Data mining is acquiring its own identity by refining concepts from other disciplines, developing affected by the data mining pursuit. This paper outlines areas of product and manufacturing system design

Kusiak, Andrew

290

Production and packaging of bakery products using MAP technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work represents a review of MAP technology application in the bakery products. MAP offers a significant extension to the shelf life of bakery products and provides acceptable quality during distribution to consumers. The recommended proportion of gases for bakery products ranges from 20 to 50% CO2 (against mold growth) and 80 to 50% N2 (great stagnancy) respectively. The available

I. S Kotsianis; V Giannou; C Tzia

2002-01-01

291

Enabling effective product launch decisions  

E-print Network

The present work looks into the question of optimizing the performance of product launch decisions-in particular, the decisions of product development duration and manufacturing ramp-up. It presents an innovative model for ...

Akamphon, Sappinandana

2008-01-01

292

Total Energy Production State Rankings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ranks all 50 states in total energy production. Includes links to tables which rank production of crude oil, natural gas, coal, and electricity; crude oil emissions; total energy consumption; and energy prices.

Administration, Energy I.

293

Do Baby Products Prevent SIDS?  

MedlinePLUS

... Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Articulos en Espanol Do Baby Products Prevent SIDS? FDA Says No Search the Consumer ... to prevent manufacturers of over-the-counter sleep products for babies from claiming that their use will ...

294

Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs  

MedlinePLUS

... Social Media: Connect With Us Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs KidsHealth > Parents > First Aid & Safety > Home Sweet Home > Choosing Safe Baby Products: Bathtubs Print A A A Text Size Baby ...

295

Laxatives: OTC Products for Constipation  

MedlinePLUS

MENU Return to Web version Laxatives: OTC Products for Constipation Laxatives: OTC Products for Constipation What types of OTC medicines treat constipation? Over-the-counter (OTC) medicines are medicines you can ...

296

Integrated production and maintenance scheduling  

E-print Network

. This on-line information can be utilized to make more informed decisions about the production and maintenance scheduling problem. The integrated maintenance and production scheduling problem on a single machine is formulated for the single and multiple job...

Whitaker, Laura Oakes

2012-06-07

297

Quality concepts and products litigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The landscape for doing business in America is marked by products liability litigation. Americans have gained a reputation for being extraordinarily litigious. While the existence of any products liability \\

Todd E. Kastetter

1999-01-01

298

Planning for Profitable Egg Production.  

E-print Network

Consumption .......................................... 6 Sources of Feed .............................................. 6 Labor Requirements ........................................ 6 Production Costs .............................................. 7 Egg...-handling Practices, Merchandising and Prices .......................... 7 .............................................. Handling Losses 8 .... Evaluation of Various Systems of Egg Production 8 Procedures ....................................................... 8...

Magee, A. C. (Aden Combs); Stone, B. H.; Wormeli, B. C. (Ben C.)

1964-01-01

299

FDA 101: Regulating Biological Products  

MedlinePLUS

... mail Consumer Updates RSS Feed FDA 101: Regulating Biological Products Search the Consumer Updates Section Consumer Update ... friendly PDF (196 KB) On this page: What biological products does FDA regulate? How do biologics differ ...

300

Further results on product codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new class of codes, called product generator codes, which are similar to Elias's iterated codes, are investigated. An important subclass of these codes is the generalized Reed-Muller codes. If the original codes that are iterated to produce a product code areL_1andL_2-step orthogonalizable, then the product code is (L_1 + L_2 - 1)-step orthogonalizable. Further if anuth-order product generator code

W. Gore

1970-01-01

301

Behavior analysis and linguistic productivity  

PubMed Central

The greatest intellectual challenge to the field of behavior analysis may be understanding linguistic productivity (e.g., being able to correctly say and understand novel sentences). One of the main issues concerning linguistic productivity is whether behavioral productivity is, itself, a fundamental behavioral process, as claimed by the proponents of relational frame theory, or whether we can understand linguistic productivity in terms of more fundamental behavioral principles. PMID:22477252

Malott, Richard W.

2003-01-01

302

Consensus Coal Production Forecast for  

E-print Network

Consensus Coal Production Forecast for West Virginia 2009-2030 Prepared for the West Virginia Summary 1 Recent Developments 2 Consensus Coal Production Forecast for West Virginia 10 Risks References 27 #12;W.Va. Consensus Coal Forecast Update 2009 iii List of Tables 1. W.Va. Coal Production

Mohaghegh, Shahab

303

Quality of organic animal products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent years have seen a sharp rise in demand for organic animal products. There is no evidence of consistent differences in flavour or nutritional qualities between organic products and conventional ones. However, organic animal products have lower levels of veterinary drugs and pesticides. There is no clear evidence to indicate that organic food is more prone to mycotoxin contamination than

Maryline Kouba

2003-01-01

304

Overlapping in Distributed Product Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Market and technology changes have brought about new characteristics of product development. One of the most significant changes from the traditional to the new paradigm is the change from sequential and collocated product development process to overlapped and distributed process. This paper explores the appropriate overlapping policy in distributed product development. Firstly we developed a system dynamics model for overlapped

Jun Lin

305

Fossil-Based Hydrogen Production  

E-print Network

-Based Hydrogen Production · Thermocatalytic CO2-free Production of H2 from Hydrocarbon Fuels · Novel Catalytic Production · Capital Costs · O&M · Separation Technology · Control and Safety · Feedstock and Water Issues · ISSUES ­ Feedstock Costs..... #12;

306

CONCRETE WITH INORGANIC, RESIDUAL PRODUCTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a part of the work in the Centre for Resource Saving Concrete Structures focused at developing green concrete with the use of inorganic residual products as a substitute for either the cement or the sand. The products investigated are: Stone dust, concrete slurry, slurry from waste combustion, smoke waste from waste combustion, and flyash from sugar production.

Mette Glavind; Dirch H. Bager; Freddie Larsen

307

Production of specialty edible fats  

Microsoft Academic Search

O HELP BRING the subject of specialty edible fats into proper perspective, production figures might be cited. In 1959 the United States factory consumption of fats and oils in all edible products amounted to about 5.6 billion pounds. All except about 0.3 billion pounds of this amount was used in six major types of products. Hence the volume of specialty

R. O. Feuge

1960-01-01

308

The framework of product affection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces a conceptual framework for the process underlying emotional responses that result from the perception of products. The framework distinguishes different kinds of product affection on the basis of emotional psychology. Accordingly, the product affection is divided into three levels: the reflection emotional level, the basic emotional level, the emotional senior level. By revealing the characteristics of the

J. Q. Mao; Y. H. Zhou; H. B. Yang

2009-01-01

309

Product Development and the Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students investigate the life cycles of engineered products and how they impact the environment. They use a basic life cycle assessment method that assigns fictional numerical values for different steps in the life cycle. Then they use their analyses to compare the impacts of their products to other products, and suggest ways to reduce environmental impact based on their analyses.

Integrated Teaching And Learning Program

310

Strategic Process And Product Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study analyzes the timing of process and product innovations. A dynamic product differentiation model illustrates strategic interaction in a duopoly. Firms use asymmetric equilibrium strategies for the adoption of innovations, i.e. innovations are adopted sequentially. The priority of process innovation over product innovation depends on the relative magnitude of the two innovations. Empirical evidence from the semiconductor industry illustrates

Harald Gruber

1995-01-01

311

Products Liability, Signaling and Disclosure  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the behavior of a firm that produces a product with a privately-observed safety attribute. Costly disclosure and price-signaling of safety are alternative firm strategies. The liability system and production cost determine the firm's full marginal cost. When the firm's full marginal cost is increasing (decreasing) in safety, a firm with a safer product will distort its price upward

Andrew F. Daughety; Jennifer F. Reinganum

2008-01-01

312

NASA Product Peer Review Process  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation describes NASA's product peer review process. The contents include: 1) Inspection/Peer Review at NASA; 2) Reasons for product peer reviews; 3) Different types of peer reviews; and 4) NASA requirements for peer reviews. This presentation also includes a demonstration of an actual product peer review.

Jenks, Ken

2009-01-01

313

Mass diffusivity of food products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Moisture diffusivity (Dm) and drying constants (k) of food products, raw and processed, are reviewed. These mass transfer properties were classified into various commodity groups such as fruits and vegetables, cereal products, meat products, gels, etc. These properties were also reviewed for the foods during frying process. Limited data on Dm are available in literature, with a large variation of

Gauri S. Mittal

1999-01-01

314

Gender, Children and Research Productivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "productivity puzzle," or gender gap in research productivity, is often thought to be due, in part, to gendered child care responsibilities. The time, energy, and money devoted to child-rearing can reduce the research productivity of scholars, especially women. However, there is little systematic research on this issue. The present study…

Stack, Steven

2004-01-01

315

Production of zinc pellets  

DOEpatents

Uniform zinc pellets are formed for use in batteries having a stationary or moving slurry zinc particle electrode. The process involves the cathodic deposition of zinc in a finely divided morphology from battery reaction product onto a non-adhering electrode substrate. The mossy zinc is removed from the electrode substrate by the action of gravity, entrainment in a flowing electrolyte, or by mechanical action. The finely divided zinc particles are collected and pressed into pellets by a mechanical device such as an extruder, a roller and chopper, or a punch and die. The pure zinc pellets are returned to the zinc battery in a pumped slurry and have uniform size, density and reactivity. Applications include zinc-air fuel batteries, zinc-ferricyanide storage batteries, and zinc-nickel-oxide secondary batteries.

Cooper, John F. (Oakland, CA)

1996-01-01

316

Production of zinc pellets  

DOEpatents

Uniform zinc pellets are formed for use in batteries having a stationary or moving slurry zinc particle electrode. The process involves the cathodic deposition of zinc in a finely divided morphology from battery reaction product onto a non-adhering electrode substrate. The mossy zinc is removed from the electrode substrate by the action of gravity, entrainment in a flowing electrolyte, or by mechanical action. The finely divided zinc particles are collected and pressed into pellets by a mechanical device such as an extruder, a roller and chopper, or a punch and die. The pure zinc pellets are returned to the zinc battery in a pumped slurry and have uniform size, density and reactivity. Applications include zinc-air fuel batteries, zinc-ferricyanide storage batteries, and zinc-nickel-oxide secondary batteries. 6 figs.

Cooper, J.F.

1996-11-26

317

Advanced glycation end products  

PubMed Central

Aging is the progressive accumulation of damage to an organism over time leading to disease and death. Aging research has been very intensive in the last years aiming at characterizing the pathophysiology of aging and finding possibilities to fight age-related diseases. Various theories of aging have been proposed. In the last years advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have received particular attention in this context. AGEs are formed in high amounts in diabetes but also in the physiological organism during aging. They have been etiologically implicated in numerous diabetes- and age-related diseases. Strategies inhibiting AGE accumulation and signaling seem to possess a therapeutic potential in these pathologies. However, still little is known on the precise role of AGEs during skin aging. In this review the existing literature on AGEs and skin aging will be reviewed. In addition, existing and potential anti-AGE strategies that may be beneficial on skin aging will be discussed. PMID:23467327

Gkogkolou, Paraskevi; Bohm, Markus

2012-01-01

318

Automotive Design and Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web site is the "Field Guide to Automotive Technology" and contains a great deal of information for automotive engineers, or for those teaching and studying in the field. Here, visitors will find all issues of the Automotive Design and Production monthly magazine going back to 1997. The "Industry Focus" section contains articles on electronics, and tools and practices in the automotive supply chain. The "Resources" section supplies information about automotive industry events, a database of links to useful automotive sites, as well as reports and books. The tabs on the top of the page take users to various forums and articles from the site, categorized as "On Cars," "Equip & Apps," "Materials," "Supply Side," and "Digital Domain."

2007-09-27

319

Observation of WZ production.  

PubMed

We report the first observation of the associated production of a W boson and a Z boson. This result is based on 1.1 fb;-1 of integrated luminosity from pp collisions at sqrt[s]=1.96 TeV collected with the CDF II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron. We observe 16 WZ candidates passing our event selection with an expected background of 2.7+/-0.4 events. A fit to the missing transverse energy distribution indicates an excess of events compared to the background expectation corresponding to a significance equivalent to 6 standard deviations. The measured cross section is sigma(pp-->WZ)=5.0(-1.6)(+1.8) pb, consistent with the standard model expectation. PMID:17501412

Abulencia, A; Adelman, J; Affolder, T; Akimoto, T; Albrow, M G; Ambrose, D; Amerio, S; Amidei, D; Anastassov, A; Anikeev, K; Annovi, A; Antos, J; Aoki, M; Apollinari, G; Arguin, J-F; Arisawa, T; Artikov, A; Ashmanskas, W; Attal, A; Azfar, F; Azzi-Bacchetta, P; Azzurri, P; Bacchetta, N; Badgett, W; Barbaro-Galtieri, A; Barnes, V E; Barnett, B A; Baroiant, S; Bartsch, V; Bauer, G; Bedeschi, F; Behari, S; Belforte, S; Bellettini, G; Bellinger, J; Belloni, A; Benjamin, D; Beretvas, A; Beringer, J; Berry, T; Bhatti, A; Binkley, M; Bisello, D; Blair, R E; Blocker, C; Blumenfeld, B; Bocci, A; Bodek, A; Boisvert, V; Bolla, G; Bolshov, A; Bortoletto, D; Boudreau, J; Boveia, A; Brau, B; Brigliadori, L; Bromberg, C; Brubaker, E; Budagov, J; Budd, H S; Budd, S; Budroni, S; Burkett, K; Busetto, G; Bussey, P; Byrum, K L; Cabrera, S; Campanelli, M; Campbell, M; Canelli, F; Canepa, A; Carillo, S; Carlsmith, D; Carosi, R; Carron, S; Casarsa, M; Castro, A; Catastini, P; Cauz, D; Cavalli-Sforza, M; Cerri, A; Cerrito, L; Chang, S H; Chen, Y C; Chertok, M; Chiarelli, G; Chlachidze, G; Chlebana, F; Cho, I; Cho, K; Chokheli, D; Chou, J P; Choudalakis, G; Chuang, S H; Chung, K; Chung, W H; Chung, Y S; Ciljak, M; Ciobanu, C I; Ciocci, M A; Clark, A; Clark, D; Coca, M; Compostella, G; Convery, M E; Conway, J; Cooper, B; Copic, K; Cordelli, M; Cortiana, G; Crescioli, F; Cuenca Almenaro, C; Cuevas, J; Culbertson, R; Cully, J C; Cyr, D; DaRonco, S; Datta, M; D'Auria, S; Davies, T; D'Onofrio, M; Dagenhart, D; de Barbaro, P; De Cecco, S; Deisher, A; De Lentdeckerc, G; Dell'Orso, M; Delli Paoli, F; Demortier, L; Deng, J; Deninno, M; De Pedis, D; Derwent, P F; Di Giovanni, G P; Dionisi, C; Di Ruzza, B; Dittmann, J R; DiTuro, P; Dörr, C; Donati, S; Donega, M; Dong, P; Donini, J; Dorigo, T; Dube, S; Efron, J; Erbacher, R; Errede, D; Errede, S; Eusebi, R; Fang, H C; Farrington, S; Fedorko, I; Fedorko, W T; Feild, R G; Feindt, M; Fernandez, J P; Field, R; Flanagan, G; Foland, A; Forrester, S; Foster, G W; Franklin, M; Freeman, J C; Furic, I; Gallinaro, M; Galyardt, J; Garcia, J E; Garberson, F; Garfinkel, A F; Gay, C; Gerberich, H; Gerdes, D; Giagu, S; Giannetti, P; Gibson, A; Gibson, K; Gimmell, J L; Ginsburg, C; Giokaris, N; Giordani, M; Giromini, P; Giunta, M; Giurgiu, G; Glagolev, V; Glenzinski, D; Gold, M; Goldschmidt, N; Goldstein, J; Golossanov, A; Gomez, G; Gomez-Ceballos, G; Goncharov, M; González, O; Gorelov, I; Goshaw, A T; Goulianos, K; Gresele, A; Griffiths, M; Grinstein, S; Grosso-Pilcher, C; Group, R C; Grundler, U; Guimaraes da Costa, J; Gunay-Unalan, Z; Haber, C; Hahn, K; Hahn, S R; Halkiadakis, E; Hamilton, A; Han, B-Y; Han, J Y; Handler, R; Happacher, F; Hara, K; Hare, M; Harper, S; Harr, R F; Harris, R M; Hartz, M; Hatakeyama, K; Hauser, J; Heijboer, A; Heinemann, B; Heinrich, J; Henderson, C; Herndon, M; Heuser, J; Hidas, D; Hill, C S; Hirschbuehl, D; Hocker, A; Holloway, A; Hou, S; Houlden, M; Hsu, S-C; Huffman, B T; Hughes, R E; Husemann, U; Huston, J; Incandela, J; Introzzi, G; Iori, M; Ishizawa, Y; Ivanov, A; Iyutin, B; James, E; Jang, D; Jayatilaka, B; Jeans, D; Jensen, H; Jeon, E J; Jindariani, S; Jones, M; Joo, K K; Jun, S Y; Jung, J E; Junk, T R; Kamon, T; Karchin, P E; Kato, Y; Kemp, Y; Kephart, R; Kerzel, U; Khotilovich, V; Kilminster, B; Kim, D H; Kim, H S; Kim, J E; Kim, M J; Kim, S B; Kim, S H; Kim, Y K; Kimura, N; Kirsch, L; Klimenko, S; Klute, M; Knuteson, B; Ko, B R; Kondo, K; Kong, D J; Konigsberg, J; Korytov, A; Kotwal, A V; Kovalev, A; Kraan, A C; Kraus, J; Kravchenko, I; Kreps, M; Kroll, J; Krumnack, N; Kruse, M; Krutelyov, V; Kubo, T; Kuhlmann, S E; Kuhr, T; Kusakabe, Y; Kwang, S; Laasanen, A T; Lai, S; Lami, S; Lammel, S; Lancaster, M; Lander, R L; Lannon, K; Lath, A; Latino, G; Lazzizzera, I; LeCompte, T; Lee, J; Lee, J; Lee, Y J; Lee, S W; Lefèvre, R; Leonardo, N; Leone, S; Levy, S; Lewis, J D; Lin, C; Lin, C S; Lindgren, M; Lipeles, E; Lister, A; Litvintsev, D O; Liu, T; Lockyer, N S; Loginov, A; Loreti, M; Loverre, P; Lu, R-S; Lucchesi, D; Lujan, P; Lukens, P; Lungu, G; Lyons, L; Lys, J; Lysak, R; Lytken, E; Mack, P; MacQueen, D; Madrak, R; Maeshima, K; Makhoul, K; Maki, T; Maksimovic, P; Malde, S; Manca, G; Margaroli, F; Marginean, R; Marino, C; Marino, C P; Martin, A; Martin, M; Martin, V; Martínez, M; Maruyama, T; Mastrandrea, P; Masubuchi, T; Matsunaga, H; Mattson, M E; Mazini, R; Mazzanti, P; McCarthy, K; McFarland, K S; McIntyre, P; McNulty, R; Mehta, A; Mehtala, P; Menzemer, S; Menzione, A; Merkel, P; Mesropian, C; Messina, A; Miao, T; Miladinovic, N; Miles, J; Miller, R; Mills, C; Milnik, M; Mitra, A; Mitselmakher, G; Miyamoto, A; Moed, S; Moggi, N; Mohr, B; Moore, R; Morello, M; Movilla Fernandez, P; Mülmenstädt, J; Mukherjee, A; Muller, Th; Mumford, R; Murat, P; Nachtman, J; Nagano, A; Naganoma, J; Nakano, I; Napier, A; Necula, V; Neu, C; Neubauer, M S; Nielsen, J; Nigmanov, T

2007-04-20

320

Hadron production experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The HARP and NA61/SHINE hadroproduction experiments as well as their implications for neutrino physics are discussed. HARP measurements have already been used for predictions of neutrino beams in K2K and MiniBooNE/SciBooNE experiments and are also being used to improve the atmospheric neutrino flux predictions and to help in the optimization of neutrino factory and super-beam designs. First measurements released recently by the NA61/SHINE experiment are of significant importance for a precise prediction of the J-PARC neutrino beam used for the T2K experiment. Both HARP and NA61/SHINE experiments provide also a large amount of input for validation and tuning of hadron production models in Monte-Carlo generators.

Popov, Boris A.

2013-02-01

321

Evaluate styrene production  

SciTech Connect

Improvements and innovations in styrene production since 1966 are outlined. Rigorous process models are attributed to the changes. Such models are used to evaluate the effects of changing raw material costs, utility costs, and available catalyst choices. The process model can also evaluate the best operating configuration and catalyst choice for a plant. All specified innovations are incorporated in the Mobil/Badger ethylbenzene and the Cosden/Badger styrene processes (both of which are schematicized). Badger's training programs are reviewed. Badger's Styrenics Business Team converts information into plant design basis. A reaction model with input derived from isothermal and adiabatic pilot plant units is at the heart of complete computer simulation of ethylbenzene and styrene processes.

Hagopian, C.R.; Lewis, P.J.; McDonald, J.J.

1983-02-01

322

Biomimetic Production of Hydrogen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The basic reaction for hydrogen generation is formation of molecular hydrogen from two electrons and two protons. Although there are many possible sources for the protons and electrons, and a variety of mechanisms for providing the requisite energy for hydrogen synthesis, the most abundant and readily available source of protons and electrons is water, and the most attractive source of energy for powering the process is sunlight. Not surprisingly, living systems have evolved to take advantage of these sources for materials and energy. Thus, biology provides paradigms for carrying out the reactions necessary for hydrogen production. Photosynthesis in green plants uses sunlight as the source of energy for the oxidation of water to give molecular oxygen, protons, and reduction potential. Some photosynthetic organisms are capable of using this reduction potential, in the form of the reduced redox protein ferredoxin, to reduce protons and produce molecular hydrogen via the action of an hydrogenase enzyme. A variety of other organisms metabolize the reduced carbon compounds that are ultimately the major products of photosynthesis to produce molecular hydrogen. These facts suggest that it might be possible to use light energy to make molecular hydrogen via biomimetic constructs that employ principles similar to those used by natural organisms, or perhaps with hybrid "bionic" systems that combine biomimetic materials with natural enzymes. It is now possible to construct artificial photosynthetic systems that mimic some of the major steps in the natural process.(1) Artificial antennas based on porphyrins, carotenoids and other chromophores absorb light at various wavelengths in the solar spectrum and transfer the harvested excitation energy to artificial photosynthetic reaction centers.(2) In these centers, photoinduced electron transfer uses the energy from light to move an electron from a donor to an acceptor moiety, generating a high-energy charge-separated state. Subsequent electron transfer reactions further separate the electron and hole spatially, reducing the electronic coupling, slowing charge recombination, and lengthening the useful lifetime of the charge separation.(3) Still following the example of natural bacterial photosynthesis, these artificial reaction centers may be inserted into the lipid bilayer membranes of liposomes. There, they are used to power transmembrane proton pumps based on a redox loop that employs a lipid-soluble quinone molecule to shuttle hydrogen ions across the membrane, acidifying the interior of the liposome.(4) Finally, ATP synthase isolated from spinach can be inserted into the liposomal bilayer. Protons flow out of the liposome through the enzyme, driven by the gradient produced by the proton pump. The energy released is used to convert adenosine diphosphate into adenosine triphosphate, which is a major biological energy currency.(5) The chromophores used in these artificial photosynthetic reaction centers may also be attached to wide band gap nanoparticulate semiconductor electrodes, where their excited states inject electrons into the semiconductor, generating the radical cation of the chromophore. Such electrodes have been incorporated into a photoelectrochemical biofuel cell.(6) In the cell, NADH reduces the radical cation, regenerating the chromophore and ultimately producing NAD+. The NAD+ is recycled by converting it back to NADH via dehydrogenase enzymes that oxidize carbohydrates and similar reduced carbon compounds, including glucose, ethanol and methanol. Addition of a suitable cathode produces a cell that generates electric current through the combined action of light and enzymatic oxidation. The two examples of artificial photosynthesis discussed above are potential sources of the reducing power necessary for hydrogen production. A biomimetic approach to this goal is to couple an artificial photosynthetic system to an enzymatic system for hydrogen production isolated from a suitable organism. Some possible approaches to achieving this will be discussed. References (

Gust, Devens

2004-03-01

323

Quarkonia production at RHIC  

E-print Network

Quarkonia (J/Psi, Psi', Upsilon) production provides a sensitive probe of gluon distributions and their modification in nuclei; and is a leading probe of the hot-dense (deconfined) matter created in high-energy collisions of heavy ions. I will discuss our current understanding of the modification of gluon distributions in nuclei and other cold-nuclear-matter effects in the context of recent p-p and p(d)-A quarkonia measurements. Then I will review the latest results for nucleus-nucleus collisions from RHIC, and together with the baseline results from d-A and p-p collisions, discuss several alternative explanations for the observed suppressions and future prospects for distinguishing these different pictures.

M. J. Leitch

2006-07-10

324

Gross Primary Productivity  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

NASA's new Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) allows scientists to gauge our planet's metabolism on an almost daily basis. GPP, gross primary production, is the technical term for plant photosynthesis. This composite image over the continental United States, acquired during the period March 26-April 10, 2000, shows regions where plants were more or less productive-i.e., where they 'inhaled' carbon dioxide and then used the carbon from photosynthesis to build new plant structures. This false-color image provides a map of how much carbon was absorbed out of the atmosphere and fixed within land vegetation. Areas colored blue show where plants used as much as 60 grams of carbon per square meter. Areas colored green and yellow indicate a range of anywhere from 40 to 20 grams of carbon absorbed per square meter. Red pixels show an absorption of less than 10 grams of carbon per square meter and white pixels (often areas covered by snow or masked as urban) show little or no absorption. This is one of a number of new measurements that MODIS provides to help scientists understand how the Earth's landscapes are changing over time. Scientists' goal is use of these GPP measurements to refine computer models to simulate how the land biosphere influences the natural cycles of water, carbon, and energy throughout the Earth system. The GPP will be an integral part of global carbon cycle source and sink analysis, an important aspect of Kyoto Protocol assessments. This image is the first of its kind from the MODIS instrument, which launched in December 1999 aboard the Terra spacecraft. MODIS began acquiring scientific data on February 24, 2000, when it first opened its aperture door. The MODIS instrument and Terra spacecraft are both managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. Image courtesy Steven Running, MODIS Land Group Member, University of Montana

2002-01-01

325

17 CFR 229.1204 - (Item 1204) Oil and gas production, production prices and production costs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...marketable production of natural gas on an “as sold” basis. Production...include dry, residue, and wet gas, depending on whether liquids have been extracted before the registrant transfers title. Flared gas, injected gas, and gas...

2010-04-01

326

Method for production of magnesium  

DOEpatents

A continuous process for the production of elemental magnesium is described. Magnesium is made from magnesium oxide and a light hydrocarbon gas. In the process, a feed stream of the magnesium oxide and gas is continuously fed into a reaction zone. There the magnesium oxide and gas are reacted at a temperature of about 1400 C or greater in the reaction zone to provide a continuous product stream of reaction products, which include elemental magnesium. The product stream is continuously quenched after leaving the reaction zone, and the elemental magnesium is separated from other reaction products. 12 figs.

Diaz, A.F.; Howard, J.B.; Modestino, A.J.; Peters, W.A.

1998-07-21

327

Method for production of magnesium  

DOEpatents

A continuous process for the production of elemental magnesium is described. Magnesium is made from magnesium oxide and a light hydrocarbon gas. In the process, a feed stream of the magnesium oxide and gas is continuously fed into a reaction zone. There the magnesium oxide and gas are reacted at a temperature of about 1400.degree. C. or greater in the reaction zone to provide a continuous product stream of reaction products, which include elemental magnesium. The product stream is continuously quenched after leaving the reaction zone, and the elemental magnesium is separated from other reaction products.

Diaz, Alexander F. (Cambridge, MA); Howard, Jack B. (Winchester, MA); Modestino, Anthony J. (Hanson, MA); Peters, William A. (Lexington, MA)

1998-01-01

328

Mead production: tradition versus modernity.  

PubMed

Honey is a natural product with recognized physical and chemical properties, which contribute to its biological activity. However, honey is currently being sold at low prices, making it imperative to find alternatives to make apiculture a viable national enterprise. One of these alternatives could be mead production. Despite the excellent properties of honey, mead production faces several problems, namely, delays and "pouts" fermentations, lack of product uniformity, and production of yeast off-flavors. Many factors might be related with these problems, such as honey variety, temperature, medium composition (vitamin and nitrogen content), fermentative yeast, and pH. Due to all these factors, mead production has decreased over the years. To overcome this situation, more research is needed to optimize the production of this beverage. This chapter presents a comprehensive review of previous research on mead production. It will focus on honey characterization and mead production. The first section covers honey composition and the way this affects honey properties, as well as important parameters that are indicators of honey quality. The second section discusses mead production, including fermentative microorganisms, fermentation conditions, and required postfermentation adjustments and maturation conditions. The final section focuses on the problems that must be surpassed and what the future holds for mead production. PMID:21867893

Ramalhosa, Elsa; Gomes, Teresa; Pereira, Ana Paula; Dias, Teresa; Estevinho, Leticia M

2011-01-01

329

Synthesizing Products for Online Catalogs  

E-print Network

A high-quality, comprehensive product catalog is essential to the success of Product Search engines and shopping sites such as Yahoo! Shopping, Google Product Search or Bing Shopping. But keeping catalogs up-to-date becomes a challenging task, calling for the need of automated techniques. In this paper, we introduce the problem of product synthesis, a key component of catalog creation and maintenance. Given a set of offers advertised by merchants, the goal is to identify new products and add them to the catalog together with their (structured) attributes. A fundamental challenge is the scale of the problem: a Product Search engine receives data from thousands of merchants and millions of products; the product taxonomy contains thousands of categories, where each category comes in a different schema; and merchants use representations for products that are different from the ones used in the catalog of the Product Search engine. We propose a system that provides an end-to-end solution to the product synthesis p...

Nguyen, Hoa; Paparizos, Stelios; Freire, Juliana; Agrawal, Rakesh

2011-01-01

330

Energy implications of product leasing.  

PubMed

A growing number of advocates have argued that leasing is a "greener" form of business transactions than selling. Leasing internalizes the costs of process wastes and product disposal, placing the burden on the OEMs, who gain from reducing these costs. Product leasing results in closed material loops, promotes remanufacturing or recycling, and sometimes leads to shorter life cycles. This paper provides two case studies to quantitatively test these claims for two distinct product categories. Life cycle optimization and scenario analysis are applied, respectively, to the household appliance and computer industries to determine the effect that life spans have on energy usage and to what extent leasing the product versus selling it may influence the usage life span. The results show that products with high use impacts and improving technology can benefit from reduced life cycles (achieved through product leases), whereas products with high manufacturing impacts and no improving technology do not. PMID:20469896

Intlekofer, Koji; Bras, Bert; Ferguson, Mark

2010-06-15

331

Options for Martian propellant production  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A quantitative evaluation methodology for utilizing in-situ resources on Mars for the production of useful substances. The emphasis is on the chemical processes. Various options considering different feedstock (mostly, carbon dioxide, water, and iron oxides) are carefully examined for the product mix and the energy needs. Oxygen, carbon monoxide, alcohols, and other chemicals are the end products. The chemical processes involve electrolysis, methanation, and variations. It is shown that maximizing the product utility is more important than the production of oxygen, methane, or alcohols. An important factor is the storage of the chemicals produced. The product utility is dependent, to some extent, upon the mission. A combination of the stability, the enthalpy of formation, and the mass fraction of the products is seen to yield a fairly good quantitative feel for the overall utility and maximum mission impact.

Dowler, Warren; French, James; Ramohalli, Kumar

1991-01-01

332

25 CFR 309.6 - When does a commercial product become an Indian product?  

...2014-04-01 false When does a commercial product become an Indian product...CRAFTS PRODUCTS § 309.6 When does a commercial product become an Indian product...addressing Indian embellishments to originally commercial products, the Indian labor...

2014-04-01

333

Information models of software productivity - Limits on productivity growth  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Research into generalized information-metric models of software process productivity establishes quantifiable behavior and theoretical bounds. The models establish a fundamental mathematical relationship between software productivity and the human capacity for information traffic, the software product yield (system size), information efficiency, and tool and process efficiencies. An upper bound is derived that quantifies average software productivity and the maximum rate at which it may grow. This bound reveals that ultimately, when tools, methodologies, and automated assistants have reached their maximum effective state, further improvement in productivity can only be achieved through increasing software reuse. The reuse advantage is shown not to increase faster than logarithmically in the number of reusable features available. The reuse bound is further shown to be somewhat dependent on the reuse policy: a general 'reuse everything' policy can lead to a somewhat slower productivity growth than a specialized reuse policy.

Tausworthe, Robert C.

1992-01-01

334

Production of polymer resins from products of secondary origin  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.A study has been made of the possibility of the polymerization of different petroleum raw material of secondary origin, including liquid products from a synthetic-rubber plant, products of deep thermal cracking and catalytic cracking, with the aim of producing synthetic resins.2.It has been shown that petroleum polymer resins can be obtained from the liquid products of a syntheticrubber plant (from

V. S. Aliev; N. B. Al'tman; L. V. Malina; G. E. Nesterenko; G. A. Iofin

1968-01-01

335

Harmonization of product information for child-care products  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an overview of the prenormative research that has been conducted to achieve harmonization of product information for child-care products. This research supports the work of a project group of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN\\/TC 252\\/WG 6\\/PG 5). The project group is preparing a chapter on product information requirements for a CEN report on the safety of

Monica Trommelen

1996-01-01

336

Product Quality of Parenteral Vancomycin Products in the United States  

PubMed Central

In response to concerns raised about the quality of parenteral vancomycin products, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is investigating the product quality of all FDA-approved parenteral vancomycin products available in the United States. Product quality was evaluated independently at two FDA Office of Testing and Research (FDA-OTR) sites. In the next phase of the investigation, being done in collaboration with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, the in vivo activity of these products will be evaluated in an appropriate animal model. This paper summarizes results of the FDA investigation completed thus far. One site used a validated ultrahigh-pressure liquid chromatography method (OTR-UPLC), and the second site used the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method for related substances provided in the British Pharmacopeia (BP) monograph for vancomycin intravenous infusion. Similar results were obtained by the two FDA-OTR laboratories using two different analytical methods. The products tested had 90 to 95% vancomycin B (active component of vancomycin) by the BP-HPLC method and 89 to 94% vancomycin by OTR-UPLC methods. Total impurities were 5 to 10% by BP-HPLC and 6 to 11% by OTR-UPLC methods. No single impurity was >2.0%, and the CDP-1 level was ?2.0% across all products. Some variability in impurity profiles of the various products was observed. No adverse product quality issues were identified with the six U.S. vancomycin parenteral products. The quality parameters of all parenteral vancomycin products tested surpassed the United States Pharmacopeia acceptance criteria. Additional testing will characterize in vivo performance characteristics of these products. PMID:22314525

Madurawe, R. D.; Zuk, S. M.; Khan, S. R.; Ellison, C. D.; Faustino, P. J.; Mans, D. J.; Trehy, M. L.; Hadwiger, M. E.; Boyne, M. T.; Biswas, K.

2012-01-01

337

Regulation of biomedical products.  

PubMed

Two recent decisions, one from Australia and one from Canada, should cause us to examine the ethical issues surrounding the regulation of biomedical products. The protection of vulnerable consumers from variable quality and poorly prepared drugs with uncertain parameters of safety and efficacy is a priority for any community and should not have to be weighed against possible costs based on restrictions of trade. However, the possibility of an environment in which the multinational biomedical industry edges out any other players in the treatment of various illnesses has its own dangers. Not least is the apparent collusion between regulators and industry that ramps up the costs and intensity of licensing and risk management so that only an industry-type budget can sustain the costs of compliance. This has the untoward effect of delivering contemporary health care into the hands of those who make immense fortunes out of it. An approach to regulation that tempers bureaucratic mechanisms with a dose of common sense and realistic evidence-based risk assessment could go a long way in avoiding the Scylla and Charybdis awaiting the clinical world in these troubled waters. PMID:20552933

Gillett, Grant; Saville-Cook, Donald

2010-05-01

338

Early humour production.  

PubMed

The current studies explored early humour as a complex socio-cognitive phenomenon by examining 2- and 3-year-olds' humour production with their parents. We examined whether children produced novel humour, whether they cued their humour, and the types of humour produced. Forty-seven parents were interviewed, and videotaped joking with their children. Other parents (N= 113) completed a survey. Parents reported children copy jokes during the first year of life, and produce novel jokes from 2 years. In play sessions, 3-year-olds produced mostly novel humorous acts; 2-year-olds produced novel and copied humorous acts equally frequently. Parents reported children smile, laugh, and look for a reaction when joking. In play sessions, 2- and 3-year-olds produced these behaviours more when producing humorous versus non-humorous acts. In both parent reports and play sessions, they produced novel object-based (e.g., underwear on head) and conceptual humour (e.g., 'pig says moo') and used wrong labels humorously (e.g., calling a cat a dog). Thus, parent report and child behaviour both confirm that young children produce novel humorous acts, and share their humour by smiling, laughing, and looking for a reaction. PMID:23039334

Hoicka, Elena; Akhtar, Nameera

2012-11-01

339

Detecting livestock production zones.  

PubMed

Communities are sets of nodes that are related in an important way, most likely sharing common properties and/or playing similar roles within a network. Unraveling a network structure, and hence the trade preferences and pathways, could be useful to a researcher or a decision maker. We implemented a community detection algorithm to find livestock communities, which is consistent with the definition of a livestock production zone, assuming that a community is a group of farm premises in which an animal is more likely to stay during its lifetime than expected by chance. We applied this algorithm to the network of animal movements within the state of Mato Grosso for 2007. This database holds information concerning 87,899 premises and 521,431 movements throughout the year, totaling 15,844,779 animals moved. The community detection algorithm achieved a network partition that shows a clear geographical and commercial pattern, two crucial features for preventive veterinary medicine applications; this algorithm provides also a meaningful interpretation to trade networks where links emerge based on trader node choices. PMID:23434375

Grisi-Filho, J H H; Amaku, M; Ferreira, F; Dias, R A; Neto, J S Ferreira; Negreiros, R L; Ossada, R

2013-07-01

340

Charm Production at RHIC  

E-print Network

Observations by the PHENIX and STAR collaborations suggest that a strongly coupled quark-gluon plasma is produced in heavy-ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). After a brief introduction to heavy-ion physics, measurements of heavy-quark production in heavy-ion collisions and the modification of heavy-quark spectra by the QGP are presented. Measurements of the total charm cross-section in several different collision systems confirm that charm quark-antiquark pairs are produced through parton hard-scattering in the initial stages of the collisions. Non-photonic electrons (proxies for heavy quarks) are suppressed by about a factor of 5 in central Au + Au collisions relative to p + p collisions. This is larger than most current theoretical predictions and has lead to a re-examination of heavy-quark energy loss in the medium. The relative contributions of c and b decays to the non-photonic electron spectrum have been predicted by perturbative QCD calculations; STAR measurements of azimuthal correlation functions of non-photonic electrons and hadrons agree with these predictions.

A. G. Knospe

2007-10-04

341

Developing products on Internet time.  

PubMed

The rise of the World Wide Web has provided one of the most challenging environments for product development in recent history. The market needs that a product is meant to satisfy and the technologies required to satisfy them can change radically--even as the product is under development. In response to such factors, companies have had to modify the traditional product-development process, in which design implementation begins only once a product's concept has been determined in its entirety. In place of that traditional approach, they have pioneered a flexible product-development process that allows designers to continue to define and shape products even after implementation has begun. This innovation enables Internet companies to incorporate rapidly evolving customer requirements and changing technologies into their designs until the last possible moment before a product is introduced to the market. Flexible product development has been most fully realized in the Internet environment because of the turbulence found there, but the foundations for it exist in a wide range of industries where the need for responsiveness is paramount. When technology, product features, and competitive conditions are predictable or evolve slowly, a traditional development process works well. But when new competitors and technologies appear overnight, when standards and regulations are in flux, and when a company's entire customer base can easily switch to other suppliers, businesses don't need a development process that resists change--they need one that embraces it. PMID:10170327

Iansiti, M; MacCormack, A

1997-01-01

342

Bioreactor technology for production of valuable algal products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bioreactor technology has long been employed for the production of various (mostly cheap) food and pharmaceutical products. More recently, research has been mainly focused on the development of novel bioreactor technology for the production of high—value products. This paper reports the employment of novel bioreactor technology for the production of high-value biomass and metabolites by microalgae. These high-value products include microalgal biomass as health foods, pigments including phycocyanin and carotenoids, and polyunsaturated fatty acids such as eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid. The processes involved include heterotrophic and mixotrophic cultures using organic substrates as the carbon source. We have demonstrated that these bioreactor cultivation systems are particularly suitable for the production of high-value products from various microalgae. These cultivation systems can be further modified to improve cell densities and productivities by using high cell density techniques such as fed-batch and membrane cell recycle systems. For most of the microalgae investigated, the maximum cell concentrations obtained using these bioreactor systems in our laboratories are much higher than any so far reported in the literature.

Liu, Guo-Cai; Cao, Ying

1998-03-01

343

Tailoring entity resolution for matching product offers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Product matching is a challenging variation of entity resolution to identify representations and offers referring to the same product. Product matching is highly difficult due to the broad spectrum of products, many similar but different products, frequently missing or wrong values, and the textual nature of product titles and descriptions. We propose the use of tailored approaches for product matching

Hanna Köpcke; Andreas Thor; Stefan Thomas; Erhard Rahm

2012-01-01

344

Conducting successful new product field trials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rapid technology advances have created a continuous stream of new products. Additionally, competition among product vendors increases the pressure to quickly market these new products. This pressure can drive companies to prematurely release new products. To ensure real world product operation, many customers now demand that products pass extensive field testing prior to wide scale product deployment. Thus, successful field

J. W. Helm; D. H. Holly

2000-01-01

345

Operator product expansion algebra  

SciTech Connect

We establish conceptually important properties of the operator product expansion (OPE) in the context of perturbative, Euclidean ?{sup 4}-quantum field theory. First, we demonstrate, generalizing earlier results and techniques of hep-th/1105.3375, that the 3-point OPE, =?{sub C}C{sub A{sub 1A{sub 2A{sub 3}{sup C}}}}, usually interpreted only as an asymptotic short distance expansion, actually converges at finite, and even large, distances. We further show that the factorization identity C{sub A{sub 1A{sub 2A{sub 3}{sup B}}}}=?{sub C}C{sub A{sub 1A{sub 2}{sup C}}}C{sub CA{sub 3}{sup B}} is satisfied for suitable configurations of the spacetime arguments. Again, the infinite sum is shown to be convergent. Our proofs rely on explicit bounds on the remainders of these expansions, obtained using refined versions, mostly due to Kopper et al., of the renormalization group flow equation method. These bounds also establish that each OPE coefficient is a real analytic function in the spacetime arguments for non-coinciding points. Our results hold for arbitrary but finite loop orders. They lend support to proposals for a general axiomatic framework of quantum field theory, based on such “consistency conditions” and akin to vertex operator algebras, wherein the OPE is promoted to the defining structure of the theory.

Holland, Jan [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom)] [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom); Hollands, Stefan [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom) [School of Mathematics, Cardiff University, Senghennydd Rd, Cardiff CF24 4AG (United Kingdom); Institut für Theoretische Physik, Universität Leipzig, Brüderstr. 16, Leipzig, D-04103 (Germany)

2013-07-15

346

PRODUCTION VERIFICATION TESTS  

SciTech Connect

A summary of the demonstration of 14 stages (in 10 wells) of a unique liquid-free stimulation process which employs carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) as the working fluid in ten Candidate Wells. Three were situated in Perry County and seven in Pike County of eastern kentucky's Big Sandy gas field. These activities included four individual efforts which have previously been described in detail in four submitted Final Reports, and are herein summarized. These ten Candidate wells produce from the Devonian Shale which is well known to be damaged by liquid based stimulation processes. They were treated with a total of fourteen stages; four as a single stage, and the others in two stages per well all containing approximately 120 tons of CO{sub 2} per stage. These liquid free stimulations also contained proppant quantities on the order of 45,000 lbs per stage. The results show in the three Perry Co Candidate wells that the stimulations were not as effective as the best conventional technology, and resulted in a stimulation cost for produced gas of $0.69 per Mcf vs $0.43 for N{sub 2} gas stimulations. The results in the Pike County Candidates, where the shale section is thicker--1,025 vs. 350 feet, indicated a superior response from the wells stimulated with the CO{sub 2}/sand process. A five year production benefit of 67.7 MMcf per stage, or 135.4 MMcf per well over that from the closest competing technology which results in a 3.41 benefit ratio and a stimulation cost for produced gas of $0.47 per Mcf vs $1.14 for N{sub 2} gas.

Raymond L. Mazza

2003-09-30

347

Testing factorization of charmonium production  

E-print Network

Within the NRQCD factorization approach the production of heavy quarkonia can be calculated in perturbative QCD in terms of a few production-process-independent NRQCD matrix elements. We test the universality of these long-distance matrix elements by comparing their values as determined from charmonium production at p pbar, e p, and e+ e- colliders, and in Z^0, Upsilon, and B decays.

G. A. Schuler

1998-04-21

348

Teleworking and new product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: Purpose – To develop a model that assess the feasibility to telework new product activities. \\u000d\\u000aDesign\\/methodology\\/approach – Literature review of innovation and telework to find criteria relevant to use telework in new product development activities. \\u000d\\u000aFindings – The first stage of the model assess the feasibility of telework in new product development activities according to four criteria: importance of

Angel Martínez-Sánchez; Manuela Pérez-Pérez; Pilar de-Luis-Carnicer; Ma José Vela-Jiménez

2006-01-01

349

Composition analysis of production systems  

E-print Network

COMPOSITION ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTION SYSTEMS A Thesis by SAWKAT GANI CHOWDHURY Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1974 Major Subject...: Industrial Engineering COMPOSITION ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTION SYSTEMS A Thesis by SAWKAT GANI CHOWDHURY ' Approved as to style and content by: a rman o Committee Head o Dep r ment Me er Membe August 1974 ABSTRACT Composition Analysis of Production...

Chowdhury, Sawkat Gani

2012-06-07

350

Cyclotron Production of Medical Radioisotopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cyclotron production of radioisotopes for medical applications is gaining increased significance in diagnostic molecular imaging techniques such as PET and SPECT. In this regard, radioisotope production has never been easier or more convenient until de introduction of compact medical cyclotrons in the last few decades, which allowed the use of short-lived radioisotopes in in vivo nuclear medicine studies on a routine basis. This review outlines some general considerations about the production of radioisotopes using charged particle accelerators.

Ávila-Rodríguez, M. A.; Zárate-Morales, A.; Flores-Moreno, A.

2010-08-01

351

Cyclotron Production of Medical Radioisotopes  

SciTech Connect

The cyclotron production of radioisotopes for medical applications is gaining increased significance in diagnostic molecular imaging techniques such as PET and SPECT. In this regard, radioisotope production has never been easier or more convenient until de introduction of compact medical cyclotrons in the last few decades, which allowed the use of short-lived radioisotopes in in vivo nuclear medicine studies on a routine basis. This review outlines some general considerations about the production of radioisotopes using charged particle accelerators.

Avila-Rodriguez, M. A.; Zarate-Morales, A.; Flores-Moreno, A. [Unidad PET/CT-Ciclotron, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Edificio de Investigacion P.B, Cd. Universitaria, Circ. Interior, C.P. 04510 Mexico D.F. (Mexico)

2010-08-04

352

Institutional Change and Information Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

The organization of information production is undergoing a deep transformation. Alongside media corporations, which have been for long time the predominant institutions of information production, new organizational forms have emerged, e.g. free software communities, open-content on-line wikis, collective blogs, distributed platforms for resource sharing. The paper investigates the factors that favoured the emergence of these alternative systems, called peer production.

Fabio Landini

2012-01-01

353

Grain Sorghum Production in Texas.  

E-print Network

............................................................................... Mechanization 18 ................................................................ History of Sorghum Hybrids 19 ............................................................ Recommended Varieties and Hybrids 23... ......................................................... Cytoplasmic Male-sterility : ........ 27 ............................................................. . ManifesPations of Hybrid Vigor 27 .......................................................................... Sorghum Seed Production 30...

Quinby, J. R.; Kramer, N. W.; Stephens, J. C.; Lahr, K. A.; Karper, R. E.

1958-01-01

354

Ethanol production in developed countries  

SciTech Connect

In this paper, the current situation regarding alcohol production, mainly in the United States, is reviewed. Despite the poor press coverage given to gasohol, ethanol production in the industrialized world continues to grow at an emphasized rate. Gasohol is used as an ethanol octane enhancer and as a means to stretch gasoline supplies. Major oil companies have now begun promoting production, using ethanol from their own distilleries. Production statistics are reviewed. An explanation for the failure of so many plants, in particular on the smaller scale, is given. Typical technology being used and the impact of biotechnology in the future is discussed. (Refs. 7).

Lyons, T.P.

1983-03-01

355

HARP: a hadron production experiment  

E-print Network

Hadron production is a key ingredient in many aspects of neutrino physics. Precise prediction of atmospheric neutrino fluxes, characterization of accelerator neutrino beams, quantification of pion production and capture for neutrino factory designs, all of these would profit of high-statistics, high-precision hadron production measurements. In addition, such data is needed for the calibration of Monte-Carlo hadron production models. The HARP experiment at CERN is performing extensive measurements of cross sections and secondary particle yields to address these problems.

Emilio Radicioni

2002-06-12

356

Intermediate inputs and economic productivity.  

PubMed

Many models of economic growth exclude materials, energy and other intermediate inputs from the production function. Growing environmental pressures and resource prices suggest that this may be increasingly inappropriate. This paper explores the relationship between intermediate input intensity, productivity and national accounts using a panel dataset of manufacturing subsectors in the USA over 47 years. The first contribution is to identify sectoral production functions that incorporate intermediate inputs, while allowing for heterogeneity in both technology and productivity. The second contribution is that the paper finds a negative correlation between intermediate input intensity and total factor productivity (TFP)--sectors that are less intensive in their use of intermediate inputs have higher productivity. This finding is replicated at the firm level. We propose tentative hypotheses to explain this association, but testing and further disaggregation of intermediate inputs is left for further work. Further work could also explore more directly the relationship between material inputs and economic growth--given the high proportion of materials in intermediate inputs, the results in this paper are suggestive of further work on material efficiency. Depending upon the nature of the mechanism linking a reduction in intermediate input intensity to an increase in TFP, the implications could be significant. A third contribution is to suggest that an empirical bias in productivity, as measured in national accounts, may arise due to the exclusion of intermediate inputs. Current conventions of measuring productivity in national accounts may overstate the productivity of resource-intensive sectors relative to other sectors. PMID:23359736

Baptist, Simon; Hepburn, Cameron

2013-03-13

357

Top quark production at CDF  

SciTech Connect

The large data samples of top quark candidate events collected at the Tevatron CDF II experiment allow for a variety of measurements to analyze the production of the top quark. This article discusses recent results of top quark production at CDF presented at the SUSY09 conference, including updates to the top pair production cross section, forward-backward asymmetry in t{bar t} production, single top search, search for top resonances and a search for heavy top. The discussed measurements utilize up to 3.2 fb{sup -1} of integrated luminosity collected at CDF.

Moed, Shulamit; /Harvard U.

2010-01-01

358

The power of product integrity.  

PubMed

In the dictionary, integrity means wholeness, completeness, soundness. In products, integrity is the source of sustainable competitive advantage. Products with integrity perform superbly, provide good value, and satisfy customers' expectations in every respect, including such intangibles as their look and feel. Consider this example from the auto industry. In 1987, Mazda put a racy four-wheel steering system in a five-door family hatchback. Honda introduced a comparable system in the Prelude, a sporty, two-door coupe. Most of Honda's customers installed the new technology; Mazda's system sold poorly. Potential customers felt the fit--or misfit--between the car and the new component, and they responded accordingly. Companies that consistently develop products with integrity are coherent, integrated organizations. This internal integrity is visible at the level of strategy and structure, in management and organization, and in the skills, attitudes, and behavior of individual designers, engineers, and operators. Moreover, these companies are integrated externally: customers become part of the development organization. Integrity starts with a product concept that describes the new product from the potential customer's perspective--"pocket rocket" for a sporty, subcompact car, for example. Whether the final product has integrity will depend on two things: how well the concept satisfies potential customers' wants and needs and how completely the concept has been embodied in the product's details. In the most successful development organizations, "heavyweight" product managers are responsible for leading both tasks, as well as for guiding the creation of a strong product concept. PMID:10107956

Clark, K B; Fujimoto, T

1990-01-01

359

Testing in Software Product Lines.  

E-print Network

??This thesis presents research aimed at investigating different activities involved in software product lines testing process and possible improvements towards achieving developing high quality software… (more)

Odia, Osaretin

2007-01-01

360

Production of petroleum polymer resins  

SciTech Connect

A dark-colored styrene-indene resin and light-colored petroleum polymer resins of two types- SPP and Piroplast-2 are in commercial production in the Soviet Union. The raw material for the production of the dark-colored styrene-indene resin is heavy pyrolysis tar which is a residue from the distillation of liquid byproducts obtained in pyrolysis. The flow plans for the continuous production of SPP resin and Piroplast-2 are described. These resins are low cost materials as the original raw material is inexpensive and the production costs are low.

Dumskii, Yu.V.; Belyakov, M.E.; Suroto, A.K.; Cherednikova, G.F.; Grin'ko, L.B.

1988-09-01

361

Valuing Production Values: A "Do It Yourself" Media Production Club  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we identify how and why digital media production can contribute to the active participation of children in education and also consider how much of the existing work in this area is framed as a "miraculous" answer to educational challenges without critical interrogation of either the process or product. To begin, we…

Jenson, Jennifer; Dahya, Negin; Fisher, Stephanie

2014-01-01

362

PRODUCTION OF CARBON PRODUCTS USING A COAL EXTRACTION PROCESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Department of Energy National Energy Technology Laboratory sponsored project developed carbon products, using mildly hydrogenated solvents to extract the organic portion of coal to create synthetic pitches, cokes, carbon foam and carbon fibers. The focus of this effort was on development of lower cost solvents, milder hydrogenation conditions and improved yield in order to enable practical production of these

Dady Dadyburjor; Philip R. Biedler; Chong Chen; L. Mitchell Clendenin; Manoj Katakdaunde; Elliot B. Kennel; Nathan D. King; Liviu Magean; Peter G. Stansberry; Alfred H. Stiller; John W. Zondlo

2004-01-01

363

New product development practices in consumer versus business products organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most recent work in the area of new product development has been of a theoretically prescriptive basis, ignoring, to a large degree, the current state of affairs in US corporations. The study examines, on a comparative basis, consumer and business products organizations, practices being utilized to guide the development process and key factors influencing the success\\/failure of the process. Results

Nessim Hanna; Douglas J. Ayers; Rick E. Ridnour; Geoffrey L. Gordon

1995-01-01

364

Endotoxin Removal Kit (Mini) Product Insert Product # 21800  

E-print Network

1 Endotoxin Removal Kit (Mini) Product Insert Product # 21800 Norgen's Endotoxin Removal Kit (Mini) is designed for the rapid removal of endotoxins from up to 40 µg of previously purified DNA. Endotoxins, also. Endotoxins are released during the lysis step of plasmid purification and significantly reduce transfection

Lebendiker, Mario

365

Implementing Production Grids  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We have presented the essence of experience gained in building two production Grids, and provided some of the global context for this work. As the reader might imagine, there were a lot of false starts, refinements to the approaches and to the software, and several substantial integration projects (SRB and Condor integrated with Globus) to get where we are today. However, the point of this paper is to try and make it substantially easier for others to get to the point where Information Power Grids (IPG) and the DOE Science Grids are today. This is what is needed in order to move us toward the vision of a common cyber infrastructure for science. The author would also like to remind the readers that this paper primarily represents the actual experiences that resulted from specific architectural and software choices during the design and implementation of these two Grids. The choices made were dictated by the criteria laid out in section 1. There is a lot more Grid software available today that there was four years ago, and various of these packages are being integrated into IPG and the DOE Grids. However, the foundation choices of Globus, SRB, and Condor would not be significantly different today than they were four years ago. Nonetheless, if the GGF is successful in its work - and we have every reason to believe that it will be - then in a few years we will see that the 28 functions provided by these packages will be defined in terms of protocols and MIS, and there will be several robust implementations available for each of the basic components, especially the Grid Common Services. The impact of the emerging Web Grid Services work is not yet clear. It will likely have a substantial impact on building higher level services, however it is the opinion of the author that this will in no way obviate the need for the Grid Common Services. These are the foundation of Grids, and the focus of almost all of the operational and persistent infrastructure aspects of Grids.

Johnston, William E.; Ziobarth, John (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

366

Commercial Product Activation Using RFID  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) would be used for commercial product activation, according to a proposal. What is new here is the concept of combining RFID with activation - more specifically, using RFID for activating commercial products (principally, electronic ones) and for performing such ancillary functions as tracking individual product units on production lines, tracking shipments, and updating inventories. According to the proposal, an RFID chip would be embedded in each product. The information encoded in the chip would include a unique number for identifying the product. An RFID reader at the point of sale would record the number of the product and would write digital information to the RFID chip for either immediate activation of the product or for later interrogation and processing. To be practical, an RFID product-activation system should satisfy a number of key requirements: the system should be designed to be integrable into the inventory-tracking and the data-processing and -communication infrastructures of businesses along the entire supply chain from manufacture to retail; the system should be resistant to sophisticated hacking; activation codes should be made sufficiently complexity to minimize the probability of activating stolen products; RFID activation equipment at points of sale must be capable to two-way RF communication for the purposes of reading information from, and writing information to, embedded RFID chips; the equipment at points of sale should be easily operable by sales clerks with little or no training; the point-of-sale equipment should verify activation and provide visible and/or audible signals indicating verification or lack thereof; and, the system should be able to handle millions of products per year with minimal human intervention, among other requirements.

Jedrey, Thomas

2008-01-01

367

Productivity Improvement of a Manual Assembly Line  

E-print Network

The current project addresses the productivity improvement of a manual assembly line by making use of operations analysis in the framework of Lean production. A methodology is proposed that helps to improve the productivity of any production process...

Yerasi, Pranavi

2012-10-19

368

Products to Aid in Daily Living  

MedlinePLUS

... Products to Aid in Daily Living Share Print Products to Aid in Daily Living The materials and ... Check back for an update to this message. Product List Product/Services Topics Care Services Information and ...

369

Other Products and Devices to Improve Hearing  

MedlinePLUS

... Products and Devices to Improve Hearing Links Other Products and Devices to Improve Hearing Assistive Listening Devices ... no hearing in one ear. Personal Sound Amplification Products Personal Sound Amplification Products (PSAPs), or sound amplifiers, ...

370

Word Production Deficits in Schizophrenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fronto-cerebellar circuitry is implicated in word production. Data suggest that the cerebellum is involved in word "search," whereas the prefrontal cortex underlies the "selection" of words from among competing alternatives. We explored the role of search and selection processes in word production deficits in schizophrenia patients. In Experiment…

Marvel, Cherie L.; Schwartz, Barbara L.; Isaacs, Keren L.

2004-01-01

371

Transfer terminal for offshore production  

SciTech Connect

A mooring station and transfer terminal for offshore hydrocarbon production is provided, comprising a coaxial riser linking underwater production and safety manifolds to surface lines. An underwater connector and quick release means are provided to facilitate rapid connection and disconnection of the riser pipes.

Arnaudeau, M.

1983-02-01

372

Stereo in post-production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stereo film production has recently made a huge impact with the success of James Cameron's 3D movie Avatar. Stereo presents a series of challenges: from the construction and calibration of stereo capture rigs, the subsequent work flow, to the post-production tools and technology requirements for working with stereo footage. The Foundry produce both the Academy Award® winning compositor Nuke and

Jonathan Starck

2010-01-01

373

MSG cloud products Final Report  

E-print Network

NUSP-2 02 ­ 04 MSG cloud products Final Report R.A. Roebeling A.J. Feijt R. Dlhopolsky H) #12;3 MSG cloud products Final Report R.A. Roebeling A.J. Feijt R. Dlhopolsky H. Roozekrans Royal Generation (MSG) a new era of European geo-stationary meteorological satellites started in 2002. The Spinning

Stoffelen, Ad

374

Warped products and black holes  

Microsoft Academic Search

We apply the warped product space-time scheme to the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black holes and the Reissner-Nordström-anti-de Sitter black hole to investigate their interior solutions in terms of warped products. It is shown that there exist no discontinuities of the Ricci and Einstein curvatures across event horizons of these black holes.

Soon-Tae Hong

2005-01-01

375

Dragonfly Production and Prey Turnover  

Microsoft Academic Search

Annual production was calculated for three dominant larval odonate populations (Ladona deplanata, Epitheca spp., and Celithemis fasciata) coexisting in the littoral zone of an abandoned farm pond. Dragonfly populations and their prey were collected simultaneously with an Ekman grab at 2-wk to 1-mo intervals. Production for each dragonfly species was calculated using both the Allen curve method and the removal-summation

Arthur C. Benke

1976-01-01

376

A vector product in R  

Microsoft Academic Search

In nearly all undergraduate textbooks on applied analysis, the vector product is introduced only in R, giving many students the impression, that this is a special feature of this particular vector space. The author suggests avoiding this conclusion by introducing the complex numbers as an example of a vector product in R. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first,

A. R. Walter

1996-01-01

377

Mobil completes subsea production system  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last link in the multicomponent subsea production system for deep water has been designed, so Mobil Oil Co. is ready to put the system to use once a suitable offshore field has been discovered. That final link is a unique riser to deliver produced fluids to a floating production station and provide control and other essential functions to the

Bleakley

1983-01-01

378

Genetic Engineering and Crop Production.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With a spotlight upon current agricultural difficulties and environmental dilemmas, this paper considers both the extant and potential applications of genetic engineering with respect to crop production. The nonagricultural factors most likely to sway the impact of this emergent technology upon future crop production are illustrated. (JJK)

Jones, Helen C.; Frost, S.

1991-01-01

379

Taxing Capital Protected Equity Products  

Microsoft Academic Search

apital Protected Equity Products (CPEPs), described in detail in the following section, have become a popular financial product in Australia in recent years. They package together, for retail investors, a loan for stock market investment and protection against exposure to losses in the capital value of that investment. The investor incurs costs reflecting interest on the loan, 'facility' fees, and

Christine Brown; Kevin Davis

2005-01-01

380

Warped products and black holes  

E-print Network

We apply the warped product spacetime scheme to the Banados-Teitelboim-Zanelli black holes and the Reissner-Nordstr\\"om-anti-de Sitter black hole to investigate their interior solutions in terms of warped products. It is shown that there exist no discontinuities of the Ricci and Einstein curvatures across event horizons of these black holes.

Soon-Tae Hong

2006-01-06

381

Green product design for EEE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nowadays, manufacturers are facing great challenges with regard to the production of green products due to the emerging issue of hazardous substance management (HSM). In particular, environmental legislation pressures have yielded to increased risk, manufacturing complexity and green components demands. The green principles were expanded to many departments within organization, including supply chain. Green supply chain management (GSCM) was emerging

M. E. Genevois; I. Bereketli

2009-01-01

382

World Crop Production, July 1985.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

World wheat production for 1985/86 is estimated at a record 514.5 million tons, down 2.6 million or less than 1% from last month, and virtually the same as last year. World coarse grain production for 1985/86 is estimated at a record 825.4 million tons, u...

1985-01-01

383

LEARNING, LIFE HISTORY, AND PRODUCTIVITY  

E-print Network

LEARNING, LIFE HISTORY, AND PRODUCTIVITY Children's Lives in the Okavango Delta, Botswana John Bock, anthropometric, and experimen- tal task performance data collected between 1992 and 1997 in a multi- ethnic in the form of skills and knowledge and immediate productivity among children. Time allocation

Bock, John

384

Product Configurator: An Ontological Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mass customization is one of the most interesting and promising approach in the e-business field. In today's competitive global market the understanding of customer needs and desires is becoming the essential preliminary remark for a successful design and implementation of products. Product development based on customer preferences with applications of innovative technologies is an essential key in order to obtain

Francesco Colace; Massimo De Santo; Paolo Napoletano

2009-01-01

385

Good internal communication increases productivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Internal communication has become an important factor in today's business world. The increased use of electronic media can, despite their obvious advantages, cause communication problems, i.e. information overload. By avoiding communication problems, the productivity of a company can be increased. The relation between internal communication and productivity has been subject of a number of surveys. Although different survey approaches have

Isabel Opitz; Michael B. Hinner

2003-01-01

386

HPC Productivity: An Overarching View  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) High Productivity Computing Systems (HPCS) program is focused on providing a new generation of economically viable high productivity computing systems for national security and for the industrial user community. The value of a high performance computing (HPC) system to a user includes many factors, such as execution time on a particular problem, software

Jeremy Kepner

2004-01-01

387

ERTS-1 data product performance  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The quality of the ERTS-1 data products produced during the initial months of system operation are evaluated. Quantitative performance data - principally geometric and radiometric accuracy and resolution - are determined for these data products. A comparison of these measurements with prelaunch predictions is also made.

Bachofer, B. T.

1973-01-01

388

Business Development - Predictive Maintenance Products  

E-print Network

BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT - PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE PRODUCTS Phillip Sceiczina, ifm efector, inc. In this time of global competitiveness, more companies are focusing on reducing manufacturing costs to increase profits. Energy costs can be a... BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT - PREDICTIVE MAINTENANCE PRODUCTS Phillip Sceiczina, ifm efector, inc. In this time of global competitiveness, more companies are focusing on reducing manufacturing costs to increase profits. Energy costs can be a...

Sceiczina, P.

2005-01-01

389

Complementor involvement in product development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The involvement of lead-users in product development has been emphasised as a rewarding method for companies in various industries to strengthen their development efforts. The argument is that these leading edge customers can generate innovative and appealing new product concepts. In some industries, however, companies may not be able to make use of lead-users. In such situations, a

Kristin B. Munksgaard; Per V. Freytag

2011-01-01

390

Products and Processes: Synergistic Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most people agree that products are the culmination of what students have studied. For this article, "product" will refer to students' abilities to create outcomes and design artifacts. Those abilities are guided by four processes: inquiry-based learning, use of a research model, use of Web 2.0 tools, and appropriate assessments.…

Wallace, Virginia; Husid, Whitney

2013-01-01

391

Usual Intake of Soy products  

Cancer.gov

Usual Intake of Soy products Table A30. Soy products: Means, percentiles and standard errors of usual intake, 2007-2010 Age (Years) N1 oz equivalents3 Mean (SE)2 5% (SE) 10% (SE) 25% (SE) 50% (SE) 75% (SE) 90% (SE) 95% (SE) Males 1-3 774 0.0 (0.00) 0.0

392

Advances in transgenic rat production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predictable and reproducible production of transgenic rats from a standardized input of egg donors and egg recipients is essential for routine rat model production. In the course of establishing a transgenic rat service, transgenic founders were produced from three transgenes in outbred Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and four transgenes in inbred Fischer 344 (F344) rats. Key parameters that affect transgenesis efficiency

Wanda E. Filipiak; Thomas L. Saunders

2006-01-01

393

Knowledge Spillovers and Productivity Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large part of cross-country variation in per capita income is left unexplained by differences in physical and human capital, so that the hy- pothesis of a common world technology should be rejected and a theory of productivity differences is needed. We study two possible structures of cross-country knowledge spillovers that have the potential to account for observed productivity differences:

Stefano Gerosa

2007-01-01

394

Sublexical Effects in Word Production  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When speaking, how do we convert our thoughts into the sounds that come out of our mouths? Though seemingly effortless, the process of word production is realized by a complex system working over different levels of representation. By focusing on the sublexical factors, this work investigates the representations and dynamics of the word production

Knobel, Mark Daniel

2009-01-01

395

Technical progresses for PVC production  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review covers recent development of PVC production technologies of the suspension polymerization process, the bulk (mass) polymerization process and the emulsion polymerization process with some historical background. The development of process for the vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) production is also explained briefly. Since the suspension process is regarded to be the most important process with its 80% share of

Y. Saeki; T. Emura

2002-01-01

396

Waste product profile: Household batteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the fourteenth in a series of profiles -- brief, factual listings of the solid waste management characteristics of materials in the waste stream. These profiles highlight a product, explain how it fits into integrated waste management systems, and provide current data on recycling and markets for the product. This profile does not cover wet cell lead-acid batteries such

1994-01-01

397

Integrity monitoring of IGS products  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The IGS has successfully produced precise GPS and GLONASS transmitter parameters, coordinates of IGS tracking stations, Earth rotation parameters, and atmospheric parameters. In this paper we discuss the concepts of integrity monitoring, system monitoring, and performance assessment, all in the context of IGS products. We report on a recent survey of IGS product users, and propose an integrity strategy for the IGS.

Zumberge, James F.; Plag, H. -P.

2005-01-01

398

Simulated Batch Production of Penicillin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a program in applied biology in which the simulation of the production of penicillin in a batch fermentor is used as a teaching technique to give students experience before handling a genuine industrial fermentation process. Details are given for the calculation of minimum production cost. (JR)

Whitaker, A.; Walker, J. D.

1973-01-01

399

High throughput protein production screening  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods, compositions, and kits for the cell-free production and analysis of proteins are provided. The invention allows for the production of proteins from prokaryotic sequences or eukaryotic sequences, including human cDNAs using PCR and IVT methods and detecting the proteins through fluorescence or immunoblot techniques. This invention can be used to identify optimized PCR and WT conditions, codon usages and

Peter T. Beernink; Matthew A. Coleman; Brent W. Segelke

2009-01-01

400

Radioisotope production targets and modules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have experienced the need to supply full radioisotope production systems that incorporate the accelerator, the beam lines, the targets and the radiochemistry in a unified package. The key component improvements are higher beam currents, more robust production targets, and efficient radiosynthesis modules. This note describes the progress we have made to produce efficient, high yield systems.

Johnson, R. R.; Erdman, K.; Gyles, W.; Burbee, J.; Manegoda, A.; Sabaiduc, V.; Kovac, B.; VanLier, E.; Wong, J.; Watt, R.; Wilson, J.; Zyuzin, A.

2005-12-01

401

Transverse Energy Production at RHIC  

E-print Network

We study the mechanism of transverse energy (E_T) production in Au+Au collisions at RHIC. The time evolution starting from the initial energy loss to the final E_T production is closely examined in transport models. The relationship between the experimentally measured E_T distribution and the maximum energy density achieved is discussed.

Qun Li; Yang Pang; Nu Xu

1999-06-18

402

Isotope Production Facility FOCUSAugust 2011  

E-print Network

Isotope Production Facility FOCUSAugust 2011 #12;The Pulse FOCUS--Special topics newsletter this special issue of the AOT & LANSCE Pulse focusing on the Isotope Production Facility (IPF). I find. Meiring Nortier performs early experiments on actinium-225, a promising isotope for cancer treatment

403

Electricity Production Using Solar Energy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, a solar-powered development project is used to identify whether it is possible to utilize solar technologies in the electricity production sector. Electricity production from solar energy has been found to be a promising method in the future. Concentrated solar energy can be converted to chemical energy via high-temperature endothermic reactions. Coal and biomass can be pyrolyzed or

M. F. Demirbas

2007-01-01

404

WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN  

E-print Network

WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL AND OIL UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR · FISH THIS REPORT IS A GENERAL ACCOUNT OF THE WORLD ' S PRO- DUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL AND OIL. IN 1959- DICATE WHAT IS INCLUDED BESIDES FISHMEAL AND FISH BODY OIL. #12;WORLD PRODUCTION AND TRADE IN FISH MEAL

405

Forecasting Food Production for Zimbabwe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Land reform plans instituted by the government and inconsistent rainfall have combined to impact the reliability of food production in Zimbabwe, and threaten the livelihoods of millions of people in this southern African country. Studies have shown the ability of harvest time (March\\/April) normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) to estimate food production in Zimbabwe. This study will investigate two approaches

G. J. Husak; A. P. Williams; C. Funk

2008-01-01

406

New Technologies in Ethanol Production  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fuel ethanol production has increased steadily in the United States since the 1980s, when it was given impetus by the need to reduce energy dependence on foreign supplies. The momentum has continued as production costs have fallen, and as the U.S. Clean Air Act has specified a percentage of renewable fuels to be mixed with gasoline. The fraction of annual

C. Matthew Rendleman; Hosein Shapouri

407

Collaborative and Coordinated Product Configuration  

E-print Network

Collaborative and Coordinated Product Configuration Marcilio Mendonca1 , Toacy Oliveira2 , Donald. This process is error-prone and risky as requirements may lead to conflicting decisions at configuration time collaborative nature. In our research, we advocate that product configuration is enhanced by a collaborative

Waterloo, University of

408

Game Coloring the Cartesian Product  

E-print Network

Game Coloring the Cartesian Product of Graphs Xuding Zhu1,2 1DEPARTMENT OF APPLIED MATHEMATICS to each vertex a set of n degree 1 neighbors. If G has game coloring number m and G has acyclic chromatic number k, then the Cartesian product G G has game chromatic number at most k(k+m - 1). As a consequence

Zhu, Xuding

409

Hospital management by product lines.  

PubMed

Over the last decennium many reforms of the reimbursement systems have taken place to improve the economic performance of health service organizations. These environmental changes have stimulated many hospital managers to introduce types of internal management control. Consequently budgeting is a very well known management tool. Less known in Europe is product-line management. The main purpose of this article is to introduce the concept of product-line management. Attention is paid to ways product lines can be defined in hospitals and which elements the implementation of product-line management envelope. Emphasis is laid on the consequences for the organizational structure and the cost information system. Finally, we deal with the advantages and disadvantages of product-line management. PMID:10122451

Janssen, R; van Merode, F

1991-03-01

410

Fumaric acid production by fermentation.  

PubMed

The potential of fumaric acid as a raw material in the polymer industry and the increment of cost of petroleum-based fumaric acid raises interest in fermentation processes for production of this compound from renewable resources. Although the chemical process yields 112% w/w fumaric acid from maleic anhydride and the fermentation process yields only 85% w/w from glucose, the latter raw material is three times cheaper. Besides, the fermentation fixes CO2. Production of fumaric acid by Rhizopus species and the involved metabolic pathways are reviewed. Submerged fermentation systems coupled with product recovery techniques seem to have achieved economically attractive yields and productivities. Future prospects for improvement of fumaric acid production include metabolic engineering approaches to achieve low pH fermentations. PMID:18214471

Roa Engel, Carol A; Straathof, Adrie J J; Zijlmans, Tiemen W; van Gulik, Walter M; van der Wielen, Luuk A M

2008-03-01

411

Fumaric acid production by fermentation  

PubMed Central

The potential of fumaric acid as a raw material in the polymer industry and the increment of cost of petroleum-based fumaric acid raises interest in fermentation processes for production of this compound from renewable resources. Although the chemical process yields 112% w/w fumaric acid from maleic anhydride and the fermentation process yields only 85% w/w from glucose, the latter raw material is three times cheaper. Besides, the fermentation fixes CO2. Production of fumaric acid by Rhizopus species and the involved metabolic pathways are reviewed. Submerged fermentation systems coupled with product recovery techniques seem to have achieved economically attractive yields and productivities. Future prospects for improvement of fumaric acid production include metabolic engineering approaches to achieve low pH fermentations. PMID:18214471

Roa Engel, Carol A.; Zijlmans, Tiemen W.; van Gulik, Walter M.; van der Wielen, Luuk A. M.

2008-01-01

412

Evaluating Product Plans Using Real Options  

Microsoft Academic Search

Product planning helps a company to strategically plan its current and future product platforms and offer product variants in the marketplace. Product platforming is widely touted as a successful strategy for mass customization. However, due diligence should be exercised before implementing any product platform strategy. The product planning exercise should account for future uncertainties. Traditional financial tools such as the

Prasenjit Shil; Venkat Allada

2007-01-01

413

Explaining Economic Growth: Factor Accumulation, Total Factor Productivity Growth, and Production Efficiency Improvement  

E-print Network

Explaining Economic Growth: Factor Accumulation, Total Factor Productivity Growth, and Production factor productivity growth, and production efficiency improvement. In addition, this paper incorporates quality of factors or total factor productivity growth in explaining output growth. The quality of capital

Ahmad, Sajjad

414

75 FR 13217 - Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Classifying Products as Covered Products  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...outdoor gas lighting (2001 RECS report at table HC5-4a), and previous surveys have addressed products such as electric lawn mowers. The final rule's definition of ``energy use of a type of consumer product which is used by households'' provides...

2010-03-19

415

Cross product in N Dimensions - the doublewedge product  

E-print Network

The cross product frequently occurs in Physics and Engineering, since it has large applications in many contexts, e.g. for calculating angular momenta, torques, rotations, volumes etc. Though this mathematical operator is widely used, it is commonly expressed in a 3-D notation which gives rise to many paradoxes and difficulties. In fact, instead of other vector operators like scalar product, the cross product is defined just in 3-D space, it does not respect reflection rules and invokes the concept of "handedness". In this paper we are going to present an extension of cross product in an arbitrary number N of spatial Dimensions, different from the one adopted in the Exterior Algebra and explicitly designed for an easy calculus of moments.

Carlo Andrea Gonano; Riccardo Enrico Zich

2014-07-21

416

Chicago's Artisan Baker TM Job Title: Production Supervisor Department: Production  

E-print Network

in food manufacturing, preferably baking. Minimum 3-5 years Production Supervisor experience. Strong and USDA Compliance Regulations Ensure adherence to Food Safety Standards. Schedules the effective use costs. Knowledge of Lean Manufacturing techniques. Able to enforce company personnel, operational

Heller, Barbara

417

Production design for plate products in the steel industry  

E-print Network

business performance indicators, such as available-to-promise at a production level, .... In Figure 1(b), we show the hierarchical relationships among the different ...... Symposium on Mathematical Programming, 2006, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 16.

418

Propellant production on Mars - Single cell oxygen production test bed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A study focusing on oxygen production using resources indigenous to Mars is presented. A bank of solid zirconia electrolytic cells that will electrochemically separate oxygen from a high temperature stream of carbon dioxide is at the center of the oxygen production system. The experimental data are discussed with attention given to the cell operating temperature, the carbon dioxide flow rate, and the voltage applied across the cell.

Colvin, James; Schallhorn, Paul; Ramohalli, Kumar

1991-01-01

419

Applying environmental product design to biomedical products research.  

PubMed Central

The principal themes for the Biomedical Research and the Environment Conference Committee on Environmental Economics in Biomedical Research include the following: healthcare delivery companies and biomedical research organizations, both nonprofit and for-profit, need to improve their environmental performance; suppliers of healthcare products will be called upon to support this need; and improving the environmental profile of healthcare products begins in research and development (R&D). The committee report begins with requirements from regulatory authorities (e.g., U.S. Environmental Protection Agency [EPA], the U.S. Food and Drug Administration), and the healthcare delivery sector). The 1998 American Hospital Association and EPA Memorandum of Understanding to reduce solid waste and mercury from healthcare facilities is emblematic of these requirements. The dominant message from the requirements discussion is to ensure that R&D organizations do not ignore customer, environmental, and regulatory requirements in the early stages of product development. Several representatives from healthcare products manufacturers presented their companies' approaches to meeting these requirements. They reported on efforts to ensure that their R&D processes are sensitive to the environmental consequences from manufacturing, distributing, using, and disposing of healthcare products. These reports describe representatives' awareness of requirements and the unique approaches their R&D organizations have taken to meet these requirements. All representatives reported that their R&D organizations have embraced environmental product design because it avoids the potential of returning products to R&D to improve the environmental profile. Additionally, several reports detailed cost savings, sustainability benefits, and improvements in environmental manufacturing or redesign, and increased customer satisfaction. Many companies in healthcare delivery are working to improve environmental performance. Fundamental to these efforts is the necessity of motivating suppliers to improve the environmental profile of new products used in the healthcare delivery sector. PMID:11121364

Messelbeck, J; Sutherland, L

2000-01-01

420

Coal combustion products 2007 production and use report  

SciTech Connect

The American Coal Ash Association's 2007 Annual Coal Combustion Products (CCP) are derived from data from more than 170 power plants. The amount of CCPs used was 40.55%, a decrease of 2.88% from 2006, attributed to reduced fuel burn and a decrease in demand in the building industry. Figures are given for the production of fly ash, flue gas desulfurization gypsum, bottom ash, FBC ash and boiler slag. The article summarises results of the survey. 1 ref., 1 tab.

NONE

2009-07-01

421

Pullulan production from coconut by-products by Aureobasidium pullulans  

Microsoft Academic Search

The production of pullulan from coconut water and coconut milk by Aureobasidium pullulans was investigated. The highest production of pullulan in batch fermentation with coconut water yield of 38.3 (g\\/L) and coconut milk yield 58.0 (g\\/L). The effect of initial pH, fermentation time, and additional nitrogen source was investigated. The highest pullulan concentration of 58.0 g\\/L was obtained for a

K. Thirumavalavan; T. R. Manikkadan; R. Dhanasekar

422

Product Operations Status Summary Metrics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Product Operations Status Summary Metrics (POSSUM) computer program provides a readable view into the state of the Phoenix Operations Product Generation Subsystem (OPGS) data pipeline. POSSUM provides a user interface that can search the data store, collect product metadata, and display the results in an easily-readable layout. It was designed with flexibility in mind for support in future missions. Flexibility over various data store hierarchies is provided through the disk-searching facilities of Marsviewer. This is a proven program that has been in operational use since the first day of the Phoenix mission.

Takagi, Atsuya; Toole, Nicholas

2010-01-01

423

Product liability insurance for WECS  

SciTech Connect

Preliminary findings from a sampling of manufacturers indicate that, in many cases, product liability insurance for WECS is still difficult to obtain. About half of the 21 WECS manufacturers contacted said they did not have product liability insurance. About one manufacturer in three who attempted to obtain insurance was rejected by at least one insurance company. In some instances, although an insurer had offered to provide coverage, the manufacturer found the rates quoted to be prohibitively expensive. For example, in one case a WECS manufacturer had been offered product liability insurance, but at an annual rate of 30% of his gross sales.

Noun, R.J.

1980-06-01

424

Productivity issues at organizational interfaces  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The need for close interdependence between large numbers of diverse and specialized work groups makes the Space Program extremely vulnerable to loss of productivity at organizational interfaces. Trends within the program also suggest that the number and diversity of interfaces will grow in the near term. Continued maintenance of R&D excellence will require that interface performance issues be included in any future productivity improvement effort. The types and characteristics of organizational interfaces are briefly presented, followed by a review of factors which impact their productivity. Approaches to assessing and improving interface effectiveness are also discussed.

Holland, A. W.

1985-01-01

425

77 FR 3606 - Product Valuation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of Natural Resources Revenue 30 CFR Part 1206 Product Valuation CFR Correction 0 In Title 30 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 700 to End, revised as of July 1, 2011,...

2012-01-25

426

78 FR 20244 - Product Valuation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of Natural Resources Revenue 30 CFR Part 1206 Product Valuation CFR Correction In FR Doc. 2013-07512, appearing on page 19100, in the Federal Register of Friday, March 29,...

2013-04-04

427

78 FR 38829 - Product Valuation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Office of Natural Resources Revenue 30 CFR Part 1206 Product Valuation CFR Correction In Title 30 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Part 700 to End, revised as of July 1, 2012, on page...

2013-06-28

428

78 FR 19100 - Product Valuation  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement 30 CFR Part 1206 Product Valuation CFR Correction In Title 30 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 700 to End, revised as of July 1, 2012, on page...

2013-03-29

429

Production of virus resistant plants  

DOEpatents

A method of suppressing virus gene expression in plants using untranslatable plus sense RNA is disclosed. The method is useful for the production of plants that are resistant to virus infection. 9 figs.

Dougherty, W.G.; Lindbo, J.A.

1996-12-10

430

CSR Gravity Field Data Products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The joint NASA/DLR GRACE mission has successfully operated for nearly 12 years, and has provided a remarkable record of global mass flux due to a large variety of geophysical and climate processes at various spatio-temporal scales. The University of Texas Center for Space Research (CSR) hosts the mission PI, and is responsible for delivery of operational (presently denoted as Release-05 or RL05) gravity field data products. In addition, CSR generates and distributes a variety of other gravity field data products, including products generated from the use of satellite laser ranging data. This poster will provide an overview of all these data products, their relative quality, potential applications, and future plans for their development and delivery.

Bettadpur, Srinivas

2014-05-01

431

Insulation products promote thermal efficiency  

SciTech Connect

The judicious use of thermal insulation products in non-residential buildings can provide a number of advantages including increased energy efficiency, lower first costs (by avoiding overside HVAC systems), improved fire safety and better acoustics. Thermal insulation products are those products which retard the flow of heat energy. Materials include glass, plastics, and organic materials such as wood fibers, vermiculite and perlite. Forms range from the familiar batts and blankets of glass fibers to foamed plastic, rigid boards, losse fill and systems combining two or more products, such as polystyrene boards covered with insulating plaster. The R values of selected insulation materials with a cost/sq. ft. of each material at R 10 are given. Costs cover both the material and installation and may vary depending on local conditions.

Chalmers, R.

1985-04-01

432

Forest Products: Acoustic Humidity Sensor  

SciTech Connect

The new acoustic sensor, designed as a humidity-control system for the paper and textile industries, can both eliminate overdrying and improve product quality by measuring humidity precisely. This new fact sheet explains how the process works.

Poole, L.; Recca, L.

1999-01-29

433

Computer Optimization of Steam Production  

E-print Network

As fuel costs continued to rise sharply during the 1970' s, the staff at Exxon's Benicia Refinery realized there was a growing economic incentive to optimize the production of high pressure steam. A significant percentage of the Refinery's total...

Todd, C. H.

1982-01-01

434

Astatine-211: Production and Availability  

PubMed Central

The 7.2-h half life radiohalogen 211At offers many potential advantages for targeted ?-particle therapy; however, its use for this purpose is constrained by its limited availability. Astatine-211 can be produced in reasonable yield from natural bismuth targets via the 209Bi( ?,2n)211At nuclear reaction utilizing straightforward methods. There is some debate as to the best incident ?-particle energy for maximizing 211At production while minimizing production of 210At, which is problematic because of its 138.4-day half life ?-particle emitting daughter, 210Po. The intrinsic cost for producing 211At is reasonably modest and comparable to that of commercially available 123I. The major impediment to 211At availability is attributed to the need for a medium energy ?-particle beam for its production. On the other hand, there are about 30 cyclotrons in the world that have the beam characteristics required for 211At production. PMID:22201707

Zalutsky, Michael R.; Pruszynski, Marek

2012-01-01

435

Needle coke process and product  

SciTech Connect

A process is disclosed for the production of an improved grade of needle coke employing as a feedstock selected proportions of a pyrolysis furnace oil together with a hydrodesulfurized blend of a clarified oil and a lubricating oil extract.

Eickemeyer, D.B.; Rausch, M.K.; Tollefsen, G.E.

1984-08-21

436

Nuclear dependence of charm production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using data taken by SELEX during the 1996-1997 fixed target run at Fermilab, we study the production of charmed hadrons on copper and carbon targets with ? -, p, ? -, and ? + beams. Parametrizing the dependence of the inclusive production cross section on the atomic number A as A ? , we determine ? for D +, D 0, D {/s +}, D +(2010), ? {/c +}, and their respective anti-particles, as a function of their transverse momentum p t and scaled longitudinal momentum x F . Within our statistics there is no dependence of ? on x F for any charm species for the interval 0.1< x F <1.0. The average value of ? for charm production by pion beams is ? meson=0.850±0.028. This is somewhat larger than the corresponding average ? baryon=0.755±0.016 for charm production by baryon beams ( ? -, p).

Blanco-Covarrubias, A.; Engelfried, J.; Akgun, U.; Alkhazov, G.; Amaro-Reyes, J.; Atamantchouk, A. G.; Ayan, A. S.; Balatz, M. Y.; Bondar, N. F.; Cooper, P. S.; Dauwe, L. J.; Davidenko, G. V.; Dersch, U.; Dolgolenko, A. G.; Dzyubenko, G. B.; Edelstein, R.; Emediato, L.; Endler, A. M. F.; Eschrich, I.; Escobar, C. O.; Estrada, N.; Evdokimov, A. V.; Filimonov, I. S.; Flores-Castillo, A.; Garcia, F. G.; Golovtsov, V. L.; Gouffon, P.; Gülmez, E.; Iori, M.; Jun, S. Y.; Kaya, M.; Kilmer, J.; Kim, V. T.; Kochenda, L. M.; Konorov, I.; Kozhevnikov, A. P.; Krivshich, A. G.; Krüger, H.; Kubantsev, M. A.; Kubarovsky, V. P.; Kulyavtsev, A. I.; Kuropatkin, N. P.; Kurshetsov, V. F.; Kushnirenko, A.; Lach, J.; Landsberg, L. G.; Larin, I.; Leikin, E. M.; López-Hinojosa, G.; Lungov, T.; Maleev, V. P.; Mao, D.; Mathew, P.; Mattson, M.; Matveev, V.; McCliment, E.; Moinester, M. A.; Molchanov, V. V.; Morelos, A.; Nemitkin, A. V.; Neoustroev, P. V.; Newsom, C.; Nilov, A. P.; Nurushev, S. B.; Ocherashvili, A.; Onel, Y.; Ozkorucuklu, S.; Penzo, A.; Petrenko, S. V.; Procario, M.; Prutskoi, V. A.; Razmyslovich, B. V.; Rud, V. I.; Russ, J.; Sánchez-López, J. L.; Simon, J.; Sitnikov, A. I.; Smith, V. J.; Srivastava, M.; Steiner, V.; Stepanov, V.; Stutte, L.; Svoiski, M.; Terentyev, N. K.; Torres, I.; Uvarov, L. N.; Vasiliev, A. N.; Vavilov, D. V.; Vázquez-Jáuregui, E.; Verebryusov, V. S.; Victorov, V. A.; Vishnyakov, V. E.; Vorobyov, A. A.; Vorwalter, K.; You, J.; Zukanovich-Funchal, R.

2009-12-01

437

The Productivity Dilemma in Manufacturing  

E-print Network

The crises facing U.S. industry today due to increasing costs of operation, low productivity, lack of modern equipment, lack of capital, and increasing foreign competition have been widely discussed. The availability of new technology to meet...

Byrer, T. G.

1983-01-01

438

Bakken Shale Oil Production Trends  

E-print Network

drops below bubble point pressure and gas releasingout of the solution. With the Type II production trend, oil flows linearly from the matrix into the fracture system, either natural fracture or hydraulic fracture. Reservoir pressure is higher than...

Tran, Tan

2012-07-16

439

OSD Product Support BCA Guidebook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Introduction: Product Support BCA Guidebook, Draft document, Final review phases within Materiel Readiness. Purpose of brief. Explain the PSM need for standardized, transparent, and defendable decision making process. Present an overview of the BCA guide,...

J. Murphy

2011-01-01

440

MISR Level 2 Final Products  

... cloud texture, and other related parameters. The Level 2 Aerosol/Surface Product includes a range of parameters such as tropospheric aerosol optical depth; aerosol composition and size; surface directional ...

2014-09-26

441

Is covariant star product unique?  

E-print Network

We give a nontechnical introduction to the problem of non-uniqueness of star products and describe a covariant resolution of this problem. Some implications (e.g., for noncommutative gravity) and further prospects are discussed.

Dmitri Vassilevich

2011-01-24

442

Energy Conservation in Fertilizer Production  

E-print Network

An energy efficient fertilizer production device called the Pipe Cross Reactor (PCR) was developed by the National Fertilizer Development Center (NFDC) of the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA). The Office of Industrial Programs (OIPI of the United...

Mings, W. J.; Sonnett, W. M.

1984-01-01

443

Strict Products Liability for Misrepresentation  

E-print Network

The American Law Institute is nearing completion of a new Restatement (Third) of Torts: Products Liability. A proposed final draft was published on April 1, 1997, and awaits final approval. While most sections in this restatement address...

Westerbeke, William E.

1997-01-01

444

ConcepTest: Groundwater Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The cross section below simplifies the groundwater resources in a county in a Midwest state. Which location would have the potential for the best groundwater production? A. Sand and gravel on hilltop B. Shale ...

445

Value - Added Products From Beekeeping  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

FAO AGRICULTURAL SERVICES BULLETIN No. 124 This is an online book published by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. It deals in depth with products from bees, besides honey, wax, royal jelly, propolis, and venom are covered.

0002-11-30

446

Lightning Arrestor Connectors Production Readiness  

SciTech Connect

The Lightning Arrestor Connector (LAC), part “M”, presented opportunities to improve the processes used to fabricate LACs. The A## LACs were the first production LACs produced at the KCP, after the product was transferred from Pinnellas. The new LAC relied on the lessons learned from the A## LACs; however, additional improvements were needed to meet the required budget, yield, and schedule requirements. Improvement projects completed since 2001 include Hermetic Connector Sealing Improvement, Contact Assembly molding Improvement, development of a second vendor for LAC shells, general process improvement, tooling improvement, reduction of the LAC production cycle time, and documention of the LAC granule fabrication process. This report summarizes the accomplishments achieved in improving the LAC Production Readiness.

Marten, Steve; Linder, Kim; Emmons, Jim; Gomez, Antonio; Hasam, Dawud; Maurer, Michelle

2008-10-20

447

Continuous production of conducting polymer  

E-print Network

A device to continuously produce polypyrrole was designed, manufactured, and tested. Polypyrrole is a conducting polymer which has potential artificial muscle applications. The objective of continuous production was to ...

Gaige, Terry A. (Terry Alden), 1981-

2004-01-01

448

Weathering product-harm crises  

Microsoft Academic Search

To counter the negative effects of a product-harm crisis, brands hope to capitalize on their equity, and often use advertising\\u000a as a communication device to regain customers’ lost trust. We study how consumer characteristics and advertising influence\\u000a consumers’ first-purchase decisions for two affected brands of peanut butter following a severe Australian product-harm crisis.\\u000a Both pre-crisis loyalty and familiarity are found

Kathleen Cleeren; Marnik G. Dekimpe; Kristiaan Helsen

2008-01-01

449

Organic & Integrated Tree Fruit Production  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the Washington State University Tree Fruit Research and Extension Center, this website offers various resources for orchardists interested in organic and integrated production methods. The site contains sections on Organic Fruit Production, Soil and Pest Management, Apple Replant Disease, and more. The site also offers links to other Washington State University sites for Horticulture, Entomology, Fruit Pathology, and Postharvest resources. Many of the documents on this site are available for download as PDF files.

2007-08-02

450

Veterinary ethics and production diseases.  

PubMed

An animal's welfare should be governed by five freedoms, namely, freedom from hunger and thirst, freedom from discomfort, freedom from pain, injury or disease, freedom to express normal behavior and freedom from fear and distress. If the essence of veterinary medicine is to act like a physician for animals then the profession must be vocal in opposition to production diseases, which can be prevented by changing the system of production. PMID:20003648

Rollin, Bernard E

2009-12-01

451

Technology Roadmap for Productive Nanosystems  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Technology Roadmap for Productive Nanosystems charts a path beginning with current nanotechnology capabilities to advanced systems. The Roadmap is a first attempt to lay out a step-by-step course of development that must take place to move from one stage to another, with milestones for achieving each step. This report identifies the gap between the basic nanostructured materials of today, and the potential of productive nanosystems.

2010-10-18

452

Primary production of arctic waters  

SciTech Connect

Using data that have become available during the last ten years they have reestimated the annual production by phytoplankton in the arctic marine ecosystem. The new figure is some sixteen times higher than an estimate made in 1975. This is of considerable significance regionally, but still does not, of itself, imply that global phytoplankton production is underestimated at present. 82 references, 3 figures, 9 tables.

Rao, D.V.S.; Platt, T.

1984-01-01

453

Reduction in Unit Steam Production  

E-print Network

REDUCTION IN UNIT STEAM PRODUCTION Ron Gombos Arch Chemicals ABSTRACT In 2001 the company?s Arch-Brandenburg facility faced increased steam costs due to high natural gas prices and decreased production due to shutdown of a process... the challenge: 1) metering was improved; 2) consulants were used to help; 3) a list of projects with significant energy reduction potential impact was developed; 4) projects were prioritized according to potential impacts and cost/benefit analysis; and, 5...

Gombos, R.

2004-01-01

454

Electrical and Production Load Factors  

E-print Network

ELECTRICAL AND PRODUCTION LOAD FACTORS Tapajyoti Sen Warren M. Heffington Research Assistant Associate Professor Mechanical Engineering Department Industrial Assessment Center Texas A&M University College Station..., the load factor based on production hours (PLF) shows an inverse trend, varying from about 1.4 for one shift operation to 0.8 for around-the-clock operation. The deviations in the mean PLF values were, however, found to be significantly higher than...

Sen, T.; Heffington, W. M.

455

MONITORING WATERFOWL PRODUCTION IN FINLAND  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a part of a nation-wide monitoring programme of waterfowl in Finland, yearly monitoring of breeding success (production of young) of most important game species was started in 1989. Broods are censused once each year between late June and mid July. Censuses are made by volunteer hunters using a standardized point count method. Between-year variation (1989–1997) of the production of

Hannu PÖYSÄ

1998-01-01

456

Methane production in Minnesota peatlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rates of methane production in Minnesota peats were studied. Surface (10- to 25-cm) peats produced an average of 228 nmol of CHâ per g (dry weight) per h at 25°C and ambient pH. Methanogenesis rates generally decreased with depth in ombrotrophic peats, but on occasion were observed to rise within deeper layers of certain fen peats. Methane production was temperature

R. T. Williams; R. L. Crawford

1984-01-01

457

Modeling of enzyme production kinetics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models of single cells, cell populations, and cultures can be most useful in organizing information in a comprehensive system\\u000a description, as well as in optimizing and controlling actual production operations. Models discussed in this article are of\\u000a various degrees of biological structure and mathematical complexity. The models are developed based on the biomass formation,\\u000a substrate consumption, and product formation. The

Mani Thilakavathi; Tanmay Basak; Tapobrata Panda

2007-01-01

458

Mockups and human productivity studies  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Idea outlines are presented concerning mockup candidates, mockup utilization and schedules/sequence in mockup development. Mockup candidates which aid in human productivity investigations and assessment are given. Areas which are considered in the mockups are the safe haven zone, general purpose workstations, maintenance and servicing area, sleep quaters, multiple docking adapter, airlock, hygiene station, food station, habitation zones, group gathering area and lab areas. Some aesthetic concerns in human productivity are also given.

Fisher, T.

1985-01-01

459

Production of sophorolipids from whey  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sophorolipids, obtained by a two-stage process starting from deproteinized whey concentrate using Cryptococcus curvatus ATCC 20509 and Candida bombicola ATCC 22214, were compared to products from one-stage processes, using different lipidic compounds as substrates. Results\\u000a showed that above all carbon source and not cultivation conditions had a distinct influence on the composition of the crude\\u000a product mixture and therefore on

R. T. Otto; H.-J. Daniel; G. Pekin; K. Müller-Decker; G. Fürstenberger; M. Reuss; C. Syldatk

1999-01-01

460

Precious metals in catalyst production  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present and prospective use of precious metals (platinum and palladium) in catalyst production is analyzed with allowance\\u000a made for the appearance of new catalytic technologies. The production of precious metal catalysts in Russia is now being curtailed.\\u000a Russian companies are reconstructing plants that employ precious metal catalysts and bulding new ones in cooperation with\\u000a foreign partners who will provide

V. N. Parmon; V. I. Simagina; L. P. Milova

2010-01-01

461

The cascade high productivity language  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper describes the design of Chapel, the Cascade High Productivity Language, which is being developed in the DARPA-funded HPCS project Cascade led by Cray Inc. Chapel pushes the state-of-the-art in languages for HEC system programming by focusing on productivity, in particular by combining the goal of highest possible object code performance with that of programmability offered by a high-level user interface.

Callahan, David; Chamberlain, Branford L.; Zima, Hans P.

2004-01-01

462

Kaon Production Off the Nucleon  

SciTech Connect

We have studied the weak kaon production off the nucleon induced by neutrinos at the low and intermediate energies. The studied mechanisms are the main source of kaon production for neutrino energies up to 1.2 to 1.5 GeV for the various channels and the cross sections are large enough to be amenable to be measured by experiments such as MINERvA and T2K.

Alam, M. Rafi; Athar, M. Sajjad [Department of Physics, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh-202 002 (India); Simo, I. Ruiz; Vacas, M. J. Vicente [Departamento de Fisica Teorica and IFIC, Centro Mixto Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Institutos de Investigacion de Paterna, E-46071 Valencia (Spain)

2011-10-06

463

Smart consumer products with a pathfinder product development strategy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is generally acknowledged that technologies diffuse through industry and that the rate of diffusion varies both within different industries and according to the circumstances. Innovation is a process involving risk, especially during the adoption and adaptation of a powerful new technology. Central to a consumer products success using new technology is the quality of their designs and the nature of their forms. Form is of prime importance in influencing the purchasing decisions of consumers and it is also influential in determining the relationships between people in its use environment. The acceptance of a new product into the world is often unduly ad hoc. Many failures are created for each success and there are few guidelines to assist the formulation of a strategy for creating an appropriate form. It is suggested below that success of consumer products incorporating 'smart structures' may be determined not only by the function of products and systems, but also by the form they take. The definition of a desirable product form depends entirely on the point of view taken: technological, commercial, ecological, cultural, and social. However any design using new will incorporate the old and the new. The probability of acceptance of a new product is enhanced by maintaining a fine balance between imaginative and creative form and that with which people are familiar and prefer: a new design may be rejected if it is too novel and unfamiliar, or too traditional. The acceptance of a new product and its subsequent development depends on the success designers and engineers have when dealing with the initial forms, particularly using new technology such as 'smart structures'.

Robertson, Alec

1994-09-01

464

Asbestos products, hazards, and regulation.  

PubMed

Asbestos is present in the United States in a multitude of products used in past decades, and in some products that continue to be imported and domestically produced. We have limited information on the hazards posed by some of these individual products and no information at all on most of them. Legal discovery of corporate documents has shed some light on the use of asbestos in some products and exposures from asbestos in others, sometimes adding considerably to what was in the published literature. But liability concerns have motivated corporate efforts to curtail governmental public health guidance on long-recognized hazards to workers. Liability considerations have also evidently led, in the case of asbestos brake linings, to the support of publication in the scientific literature of review articles denying in the 21st century what had been widely accepted and established in health policy in the 20th century. This report is an effort to illustrate the suppression and emergence of scientific knowledge in a climate of regulation and liability. Examples discussed are vinyl-asbestos flooring, feminine hygiene products, automotive friction materials, and asbestos contamination of other minerals such as talc and vermiculite. Global efforts to deal with the hazards of continuing marketing of asbestos products are also discussed. PMID:16878394

Castleman, Barry

2006-01-01

465

Methane Production in Minnesota Peatlands  

PubMed Central

Rates of methane production in Minnesota peats were studied. Surface (10- to 25-cm) peats produced an average of 228 nmol of CH4 per g (dry weight) per h at 25°C and ambient pH. Methanogenesis rates generally decreased with depth in ombrotrophic peats, but on occasion were observed to rise within deeper layers of certain fen peats. Methane production was temperature dependent, increasing with increasing temperature (4 to 30°C), except in peats from deeper layers. Maximal methanogenesis from these deeper regions occurred at 12°C. Methane production rates were also pH dependent. Two peats with pHs of 3.8 and 4.3 had an optimum rate of methane production at pH 6.0. The addition to peat of glucose and H2-CO2 stimulated methanogenesis, whereas the addition of acetate inhibited methanogenesis. Cysteine-sulfide, nitrogen-phosphorus-trace metals, and vitamins-yeast extract affected methane production very little. Various gases were found to be trapped or dissolved (or both) within peatland waters. Dissolved methane increased linearly to a depth of 210 cm. The accumulation of metabolic end products produced within peat bogs appears to be an important mechanism limiting carbon turnover in peatland environments. PMID:16346565

Williams, Richard T.; Crawford, Ronald L.

1984-01-01

466

Production of Fungal Glucoamylase for Glucose Production from Food Waste  

PubMed Central

The feasibility of using pastry waste as resource for glucoamylase (GA) production via solid state fermentation (SSF) was studied. The crude GA extract obtained was used for glucose production from mixed food waste. Our results showed that pastry waste could be used as a sole substrate for GA production. A maximal GA activity of 76.1 ± 6.1 U/mL was obtained at Day 10. The optimal pH and reaction temperature for the crude GA extract for hydrolysis were pH 5.5 and 55 °C, respectively. Under this condition, the half-life of the GA extract was 315.0 minutes with a deactivation constant (kd) 2.20 × 10?3 minutes?1. The application of the crude GA extract for mixed food waste hydrolysis and glucose production was successfully demonstrated. Approximately 53 g glucose was recovered from 100 g of mixed food waste in 1 h under the optimal digestion conditions, highlighting the potential of this approach as an alternative strategy for waste management and sustainable production of glucose applicable as carbon source in many biotechnological processes. PMID:24970186

Lam, Wan Chi; Pleissner, Daniel; Lin, Carol Sze Ki

2013-01-01

467

Food production -- problems and prospects.  

PubMed

Improvements are needed in balancing the problems associated with population growth and food production. A review of the problems of rapid population growth and declining food production and suggestions for resolution are given. World population has increased over the past 10 years by 760 million, which is equal to adding the combined population of Africa and South America. Future increases are expected to bring total population to 6.1 billion by the year 2000 and 8.2 billion in 2025 (exponential increases). Food production/capita has declined since 1971 in the world and in Nigeria, particularly in the recent past. The food production problem is technical, environmental, social, political, and economic. Various scientific and technological methods for increasing food production are identified: mechanization, irrigation, use of fertilizers, control of weeds and insects, new varieties of farm animals or high-yielding strains of grain, land reclamation, soil conservation, river basin development, adequate storage facilities, infrastructure development, and birth control. Economic and social approaches involve short-term and long-term strategies in social readjustment and institutional change. For instance, large scale farmers should become contract growers for certain firms. Bureaucratic red tape should be eliminated in institutions which provide agricultural services. Environmental problems need urgent attention. Some of these problems are soil erosion from mechanization, water salinization from irrigation, accumulation of DDT in food and water and animal life from pesticide use, and water pollution from chemical fertilizers. Food production can be increased with more ecologically sound practices. Information about weather and weather forecasting allows for more suitable land management. The influence of rainfall (the amount and distribution) in Nigeria is greater than any other climatic factor. Solar radiation is a significant feature in production of dry matter and yield. Shifting cultivation and land tenure systems should involve conservation farming techniques. organic manures and appropriate use of chemical fertilizers can raise soil fertility. Other problems are identified as the spread of bilharzia and the settlement of nomadic tribes. PMID:12317928

Anifowoshe, T O

1990-03-01

468

Beta Beams for Neutrino Production  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper gives an overview of the work done so far to produce sufficient neutrino fluxes for neutrino oscillation physics using beta beams. The design study on a beta beam scenario, the EURISOL (European Isotope Separation On-Line Radioactive Ion Beam Facility) Design Study, a project funded by the European Commission (EC), is now ready to be published. The study is based on the acceleration of 6He and 18Ne ions to produce the (anti-)neutrino beam using the existing CERN infrastructure for acceleration of the ions. We will here briefly describe the work with emphasis on how potential showstoppers, in particular radiation safety and equipment damage, have been dealt with. New results for the production of 6He show very encouraging results. We are now confident that this ion is a good choice to produce antineutrinos. However, the ion production needed for the physics experiments could not, up to now, be reasonably satisfied for 18Ne. Therefore, studies of alternative beta emitters, 8Li and 8B, with properties interesting for physics reach, have been proposed. The production of these ions is studied within the EC funded EUROnu project, "A High Intensity Neutrino Oscillation Facility for Europe." This project will end in 2012. A small storage ring, in which the beam traverses a target, creating the 8Li and 8B isotopes that will be collected and accelerated, is studied in this proposal. We present the latest developments for the production of these ions, including a production ring lattice. Extensive Geant4 simulations have been done with the aim of developing a model of the production target that can be used for simulations of the necessary cooling system. In this paper we present the status of the work performed and an overview of ongoing and planned activities to make the beta beam project a solid proposal for neutrino production within the EUROnu project.

Wildner, Elena

2010-03-01

469

Brand Equity and Vertical Product Line Extent  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper addresses the question of how the vertical structure of a product line relates to brand equity. Does the presence of “premium” or high-quality products in a product line enhance brand equity? Conversely, does the presence of “economy” or low-quality products in a product line diminish brand equity? Economists and marketing researchers refer to variation in quality levels of

Taylor Randall; Karl Ulrich; David Reibstein

1998-01-01

470

Online product review on manufacturer sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Online consumer product review is becoming increasingly important in consumers' purchase decisions. Online product review is a sort of product information created by users based on their personal usage experience. It basically serves as a passive “sales assistant” for information seeker, the customer, to check if the product matches her idiosyncratic usages. In the context of product information seeking online,

A. Yu; T. W. Billy

2010-01-01

471

Educational Video Production: Welcome to the Desktop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes desktop video production that can be used for educational and/or training needs. Recent trends in video communication are examined; desktop analog video production and relevant production products are described; and the future possibilities of desktop digital video production are considered, including digital image compression. (two…

Galbreath, Jeremy

1992-01-01

472

Product Liability, Research and Development, and Innovation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Product liability ideally should promote efficient levels of product safety but misdirected liability efforts may depre ss beneficial innovations. This paper examines these competing effects of liability costs on product R&D intensity and new product introductio ns by manufacturing firms. At low to moderate levels of expected liabil ity costs, there is a positive effect of liability costs on product

W. Kip Viscusi; Michael J. Moore

1993-01-01

473

Stability and transition in multiple production lines  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the dynamical model of the multiple production lines composed of M parallel and u series machines. We extend the single-series production line model to the multiple production lines. We study the effect of the multiple lines on the dynamical behavior of the production process. We apply the linear stability analysis to the production process in the multiple lines.

Takashi Nagatani

2004-01-01

474

Target Cascading for Design of Product Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The target cascading methodology for product development is extended to product families with predefined platforms. The single-product formulation is modified to accommodate the presence of shared systems, sub- systems, and\\/or components. Hierarchical optimization problems associated with each product variant are combined to formulate the product family multicriteria design problem, and common subproblems are identi- fied based on the shared elements

Ryan Fellini; Hyung Min Kim; Michael Kokkolaras; Nestor Michelena; Panos Papalambros

475

Pheromone production in bark beetles.  

PubMed

The first aggregation pheromone components from bark beetles were identified in 1966 as a mixture of ipsdienol, ipsenol and verbenol. Since then, a number of additional components have been identified as both aggregation and anti-aggregation pheromones, with many of them being monoterpenoids or derived from monoterpenoids. The structural similarity between the major pheromone components of bark beetles and the monoterpenes found in the host trees, along with the association of monoterpenoid production with plant tissue, led to the paradigm that most if not all bark beetle pheromone components were derived from host tree precursors, often with a simple hydroxylation producing the pheromone. In the 1990 s there was a paradigm shift as evidence for de novo biosynthesis of pheromone components began to accumulate, and it is now recognized that most bark beetle monoterpenoid aggregation pheromone components are biosynthesized de novo. The bark beetle aggregation pheromones are released from the frass, which is consistent with the isoprenoid aggregation pheromones, including ipsdienol, ipsenol and frontalin, being produced in midgut tissue. It appears that exo-brevocomin is produced de novo in fat body tissue, and that verbenol, verbenone and verbenene are produced from dietary ?-pinene in fat body tissue. Combined biochemical, molecular and functional genomics studies in Ips pini yielded the discovery and characterization of the enzymes that convert mevalonate pathway intermediates to pheromone components, including a novel bifunctional geranyl diphosphate synthase/myrcene synthase, a cytochrome P450 that hydroxylates myrcene to ipsdienol, and an oxidoreductase that interconverts ipsdienol and ipsdienone to achieve the appropriate stereochemistry of ipsdienol for pheromonal activity. Furthermore, the regulation of these genes and their corresponding enzymes proved complex and diverse in different species. Mevalonate pathway genes in pheromone producing male I. pini have much higher basal levels than in females, and feeding induces their expression. In I. duplicatus and I. pini, juvenile hormone III (JH III) induces pheromone production in the absence of feeding, whereas in I. paraconfusus and I. confusus, topically applied JH III does not induce pheromone production. In all four species, feeding induces pheromone production. While many of the details of pheromone production, including the site of synthesis, pathways and knowledge of the enzymes involved are known for Ips, less is known about pheromone production in Dendroctonus. Functional genomics studies are under way in D. ponderosae, which should rapidly increase our understanding of pheromone production in this genus. This chapter presents a historical development of what is known about pheromone production in bark beetles, emphasizes the genomic and post-genomic work in I. pini and points out areas where research is needed to obtain a more complete understanding of pheromone production. PMID:20727970

Blomquist, Gary J; Figueroa-Teran, Rubi; Aw, Mory; Song, Minmin; Gorzalski, Andrew; Abbott, Nicole L; Chang, Eric; Tittiger, Claus

2010-10-01

476

Product development cycle time reduction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We are facing here today the key issues that face us in the competitive environment. North American companies are struggling to compete in the global marketplace. Gone are the days when presence ensured success. Then, sales and earnings were guaranteed. Today the competition is intense. Many manufacturing and service companies are no longer competitive. Traditionally, manufacturing companies have created the most wealth for the community and economy. Losing this ability to create wealth is tragic and unnecessary. A company can only be successful by focusing on customer satisfaction at competitive costs. Revenue growth and earnings growth require a continuous stream of products that anticipate the customers' needs, result from shorter and shorter innovation cycles, continually improve in quality, and are produced at improved costs on each cycle. The best opportunities for increased quality and decreased costs are with new products. Sure, work on quality and costs everyday. The biggest changes, however, will come through the new product development cycle. We must improve our development processes to provide leadership products which result in high levels of customer satisfaction. This is a prerequisite for business success. When presence in the marketplace was a virtual guarantee of success for a North American company, technology tended to drive the products, and the customers bought virtually everything that was produced. Functional excellence was stressed within companies ... and that was enough. Effective planning processes were not a prerequisite for success. Today success demands highly developed business research and planning processes, and functional excellence combined with organizational capabilities that ensure commercialization excellence.

Farran, Robin

1992-05-01

477

State power plant productivity programs  

SciTech Connect

The findings of a working group formed to review the status of efforts by utilities and utility regulators to increase the availability and reliability of generating units are presented. Representatives from nine state regulatory agencies, NRRI, and DOE, participated on the Working Group. The Federal government has been working cooperatively with utilities, utility organizations, and with regulators to encourage and facilitate improvements in power plant productivity. Cooperative projects undertaken with regulatory and energy commissions in California, Illinois, New York, Ohio, Texas, North Carolina and Mighigan are described. Following initiation of these cooperative projects, DOE funded a survey to determine which states were explicitly addressing power plant productivity through the regulatory process. The Working Group was formed following completion of this survey. The Working Group emphasized the need for those power plant productivity improvements which are cost effective. The cost effectiveness of proposed availability improvement projects should be determined within the context of opportunities for operating and capital improvements available to an entire utility. The Working Group also identified the need for: allowing for plant designs that have a higher construction cost, but are also more reliable; allowing for recovery and reducing recovery lags for productivity-related capital expenditures; identifying and reducing disincentives in the regulatory process; ascertaining that utilities have sufficient money available to undertake timely maintenance; and support of EPRI and NERC to develop a relevant and accurate national data base. The DOE views these as extremely important aspects of any regulatory program to improve power plant productivity.

Not Available

1981-02-01

478

Reaction products of chlorine dioxide.  

PubMed Central

Inspection of the available literature reveals that a detailed investigation of the aqueous organic chemistry of chlorine dioxide and systematic identification of products formed during water disinfection has not been considered. This must be done before an informed assessment can be made of the relative safety of using chlorine dioxide as a disinfectant alternative to chlorine. Although trihalomethanes are generally not formed by the action of chlorine dioxide, the products of chlorine dioxide treatment of organic materials are oxidized species, some of which also contain chlorine. The relative amounts of species types may depend on the amount of chlorine dioxide residual maintained and the concentration and nature of the organic material present in the source water. The trend toward lower concentrations of chlorinated by-products with increasing ClO2 concentration, which was observed with phenols, has not been observed with natural humic materials as measured by the organic halogen parameter. Organic halogen concentrations have been shown to increase with increasing chlorine dioxide dose, but are much lower than those observed when chlorine is applied. Aldehydes have been detected as apparent by-products of chlorine dioxide oxidation reactions in a surface water that is a drinking water source. Some other nonchlorinated products of chlorine dioxide treatment may be quinones and epoxides. The extent of formation of these moieties within the macromolecular humic structure is also still unknown. PMID:7151750

Stevens, A A

1982-01-01

479

9 CFR 381.166 - Breaded products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION...PRODUCTS INSPECTION REGULATIONS Definitions and Standards of Identity or Composition § 381.166 Breaded products....

2011-01-01

480

9 CFR 381.166 - Breaded products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...AND INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AGENCY ORGANIZATION AND TERMINOLOGY; MANDATORY MEAT AND POULTRY PRODUCTS INSPECTION...PRODUCTS INSPECTION REGULATIONS Definitions and Standards of Identity or Composition § 381.166 Breaded products....

2010-01-01

481

7 CFR 52.1841 - Product description.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 PROCESSED FRUITS AND VEGETABLES, PROCESSED PRODUCTS THEREOF, AND CERTAIN OTHER PROCESSED FOOD PRODUCTS 1 United States Standards for Grades of Processed Raisins 1 § 52.1841 Product description....

2011-01-01

482

77 FR 26795 - Product List Changes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...added to the competitive product list. The Postal Service...competitive Parcel Post product would be nearly identical to the current Parcel Post offering, except that Alaska Bypass...on the market dominant product list. Id....

2012-05-07

483

76 FR 54510 - New Postal Product  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...CP2011-70; Order No. 828] New Postal Product AGENCY: Postal Regulatory Commission...IBRS) Competitive Contract 3'' product offering. This document invites [[Page...the IBRS Competitive Contract 3 product. Id. at...

2011-09-01

484

9 CFR 104.7 - Product permit.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Section 104.7 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE VIRUSES, SERUMS, TOXINS, AND ANALOGOUS PRODUCTS; ORGANISMS AND VECTORS PERMITS FOR BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 104.7...

2013-01-01

485

7 CFR 1430.102 - Eligible products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS DAIRY PRODUCTS Dairy Product Price Support Program § 1430.102 Eligible...this subpart, the products must be manufactured from dairy cow's milk produced in the United States, and...

2013-01-01

486

7 CFR 1430.102 - Eligible products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS DAIRY PRODUCTS Dairy Product Price Support Program § 1430.102 Eligible...this subpart, the products must be manufactured from dairy cow's milk produced in the United States, and...

2011-01-01

487

7 CFR 1430.102 - Eligible products.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...AGRICULTURE LOANS, PURCHASES, AND OTHER OPERATIONS DAIRY PRODUCTS Dairy Product Price Support Program § 1430.102 Eligible...this subpart, the products must be manufactured from dairy cow's milk produced in the United States, and...

2012-01-01

488

29 CFR 794.132 - “Petroleum products”.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Distributors § 794.132 “Petroleum products”. A sale by an enterprise...wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the 25...bulk and for resale, of “petroleum products”. The term “petroleum...

2013-07-01

489

29 CFR 794.132 - “Petroleum products”.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Distributors § 794.132 “Petroleum products”. A sale by an enterprise...wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the 25...bulk and for resale, of “petroleum products”. The term “petroleum...

2010-07-01

490

29 CFR 794.132 - “Petroleum products”.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Distributors § 794.132 “Petroleum products”. A sale by an enterprise...wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the 25...bulk and for resale, of “petroleum products”. The term “petroleum...

2012-07-01

491

29 CFR 794.132 - “Petroleum products”.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Distributors § 794.132 “Petroleum products”. A sale by an enterprise...wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum products will be included in the 25...bulk and for resale, of “petroleum products”. The term “petroleum...

2011-07-01

492

Mercury Poisoning Linked to Skin Products  

MedlinePLUS

... Tobacco Products Vaccines, Blood & Biologics Articulos en Espanol Mercury Poisoning Linked to Skin Products Search the Consumer ... these products on Flickr. Signs and Symptoms of Mercury Poisoning irritability shyness tremors changes in vision or ...

493

Urinary incontinence products - self-care  

MedlinePLUS

... have problems with urinary incontinence (leakage), wearing special products will keep you dry and help you avoid ... you can buy many types of urinary incontinence products. These products help keep your skin dry and ...

494

16 CFR 1212.16 - Production testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...process, the equipment used to manufacture the product, or the product's materials or design. The corrective action must provide a high...standard. If the corrective action changes the product from the surrogate used for qualification...

2010-01-01

495

16 CFR 1210.16 - Production testing.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...process, the equipment used to manufacture the product, or the product's materials or design. The corrective action must provide a high...standard. If the corrective action changes the product from the surrogate used for qualification...

2010-01-01

496

29 CFR 776.15 - “Production.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...STANDARDS ACT OF 1938 General Engaging in âthe Production of Goods for Commerceâ § 776.15 “Production.” (a) The statutory provisions. The activities constituting “production” within the meaning of the phrase “engaged...

2010-07-01

497

7 CFR 1437.104 - Assigned production.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Assigned production. 1437.104 Section 1437.104 Agriculture... Determining Yield Coverage Using Actual Production History § 1437.104 Assigned production. (a) When determining losses...

2010-01-01

498

Process improvements during production ramp-up  

E-print Network

Raytheon Company is currently ramping up production radars for a fighter aircraft. This product is doubling production in the next year to meet customer demand; however, the program has not been able to meet the current ...

Chew, Ryan W. (Ryan Wayne)

2007-01-01

499

Special Issue: The AWIRS and Productivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "AWIRS (Australian Workplace Industrial Relations Survey) and Productivity" (Wooden); "Workplace Productivity and Joint Consultation" (Alexander, Green); "Impact of Unions on Workplace Productivity in Australia" (Crockett et al.); and "AWIRS and Workplace Performance" (Drago, Wooden). (SK)

Wooden, Mark; And Others

1992-01-01

500

Productive Aging: A Question of Role.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes "The Paradox of Productive Aging" (Sicker); "Beyond Productive Aging" (Riley, Riley); "Changing Concepts; Visionary or Short-Sighted" (Holstein); "Making Aging Meaningful" (Glanz, Neikrug); and "Perspectives on Productive Aging from Austria, Bolivia, Denmark, Finland, Japan, Venezuela." (JOW)

Sicker, Martin; And Others

1994-01-01