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1

The professional responsibility model of physician leadership.  

PubMed

The challenges physician leaders confront today call to mind Odysseus' challenge to steer his fragile ship successfully between Scylla and Charybdis. The modern Scylla takes the form of ever-increasing pressures to provide more resources for professional liability, compliance, patient satisfaction, central administration, and a host of other demands. The modern Charybdis takes the form of ever-increasing pressures to procure resources when fewer are available and competition is continuously increasing the need for resources, including managed care, hospital administration, payers, employers, patients who are uninsured or underinsured, research funding, and philanthropy. This publication provides physician leaders with guidance for identifying and managing common leadership challenges on the basis of the professional responsibility model of physician leadership. This model is based on Plato's concept of leadership as a life of service and the professional medical ethics of Drs John Gregory and Thomas Percival. Four professional virtues should guide physician leaders: self-effacement, self-sacrifice, compassion, and integrity. These professional virtues direct physician leaders to treat colleagues as ends in themselves, to provide justice-based resource management, to use power constrained by medical professionalism, and to prevent and respond effectively to organizational dysfunction. The professional responsibility model guides physician leaders by proving an explicit "tool kit" to complement managerial skills. PMID:22483086

Chervenak, Frank A; McCullough, Laurence B; Brent, Robert L

2012-03-13

2

The professional responsibility model of obstetric ethics and caesarean delivery.  

PubMed

In this chapter, we provide an account of the professional responsibility model of obstetric ethics, and identify its implications for two major topics: patient-choice caesarean delivery and trial of labour after caesarean delivery. The professional responsibility model of obstetric ethics is based on the ethical concept of medicine as a profession and the ethical principles of beneficence and respect for autonomy. The obstetrician has beneficence-based and autonomy-based obligations to the pregnant woman and beneficence-based obligations to the fetus when it is a patient. Because the viable fetus is a patient, the ethics of caesarean delivery requires balancing of obligations to the pregnant and fetal patient. The implication of the professional responsibility model for patient-choice caesarean delivery is that the obstetrician should respond to such requests with a recommendation against non-indicated caesarean delivery and for vaginal delivery. These recommendations should be explained and discussed in the informed consent process. It is ethically permissible to implement an informed, reflective decision for non-indicated caesarean delivery. The implication for trial of labour after caesarean delivery is that, in settings properly equipped and staffed, the obstetrician should offer both trial of labour after caesarean delivery and planned caesarean delivery to women who have had one previous low transverse incision. The obstetrician should recommend against trial of labour after caesarean delivery for women with a previous classical incision. PMID:23059404

Chervenak, Frank A; McCullough, Laurence B

2012-10-09

3

Professional Models of School Absence Associated with Home Responsibilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been estimated that 10% of all school absence is due to children undertaking duties associated with their homes. Despite this, the phenomenon remains under?researched. In this study, qualitative interviews with three groups of professionals concerned with absence due to home responsibilities (teachers, education welfare officers and educational therapists) are reported. The discourses of these professionals were analysed in

Nicholas J. Fox

1995-01-01

4

First-Grade Teachers' Response to Three Models of Professional Development in Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to compare 1st-grade teachers' responses to professional development (PD) programs in reading that differed in means and degree of support for teachers' learning and efforts to improve their reading instruction. We compared 3 models of PD: the 1st model provided only seminars for the teachers, the 2nd model provided…

Carlisle, Joanne F.; Cortina, Kai Schnabel; Katz, Lauren A.

2011-01-01

5

Ethical challenges in the management of multiple pregnancies: the professional responsibility model of perinatal ethics.  

PubMed

Abstract Ethics is an essential component for the responsible clinical management of multiple gestation and decision-making about such pregnancies with pregnant women. The ethical concept of the fetus as a patient is presented as the basis for identifying a professionally responsible approach to selective termination, twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome, and to discordant beneficence-based obligations that exist when one or more fetuses are adversely affected by a fetal anomaly or complication of pregnancy. The roles for directive counseling, i.e., making evidence-based recommendations, and for non-directive counseling, i.e., offering evidence-based alternatives but making no recommendations, are described. The professional responsibility model of perinatal ethics creates a practical framework to guide the clinical judgment of perinatologists and the informed process about the clinical management of multiple pregnancies. PMID:23314513

Chervenak, Frank A; McCullough, Laurence B

2013-01-01

6

The Professional Will: An Ethical Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Attention is directed to the ethical responsibility for the counselor to develop a professional will. Essentially the professional will is a roadmap for what the counselor directs to happen in the event that the counselor becomes incapacitated due to sudden death or illness. A model of a professional will is provided.|

Bradley, Loretta J.; Hendricks, Bret; Kabell, Douglas R.

2012-01-01

7

Bringing Professional Responsibility Back in  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on how higher education institutions work with professional formation indicates that insufficient attention is currently paid to issues of professional responsibility and ethics. In the light of such findings, there is increasing concern about issues related to learning professional responsibility. This article concentrates on different…

Solbrekke, Tone Dyrdal; Englund, Tomas

2011-01-01

8

War, peace and professional responsibility.  

PubMed

The technology of modern weapons, especially nuclear weapons, poses a critical threat to the health of all people. In addition to the unprecedented risk of massive destruction to living things and to the ecosphere, the resources used in production of these arsenals cause an economic threat to the health of populations even if the weapons are never used. Medical and social scientists have a responsibility to work for the prevention of nuclear war and the reversal of the arms race. This may imply an obligation to work towards the prevention of war in general. Professional responsibility in this regard is based on (1) special expertise, (2) influence in society and (3) the symbolic power of the values of life, health and human dignity. PMID:6623125

Cassel, C K

1983-01-01

9

Planned home birth: the professional responsibility response.  

PubMed

This article addresses the recrudescence of and new support for midwife-supervised planned home birth in the United States and the other developed countries in the context of professional responsibility. Advocates of planned home birth have emphasized patient safety, patient satisfaction, cost effectiveness, and respect for women's rights. We provide a critical evaluation of each of these claims and identify professionally appropriate responses of obstetricians and other concerned physicians to planned home birth. We start with patient safety and show that planned home birth has unnecessary, preventable, irremediable increased risk of harm for pregnant, fetal, and neonatal patients. We document that the persistently high rates of emergency transport undermines patient safety and satisfaction, the raison d'etre of planned home birth, and that a comprehensive analysis undermines claims about the cost-effectiveness of planned home birth. We then argue that obstetricians and other concerned physicians should understand, identify, and correct the root causes of the recrudescence of planned home birth; respond to expressions of interest in planned home birth by women with evidence-based recommendations against it; refuse to participate in planned home birth; but still provide excellent and compassionate emergency obstetric care to women transported from planned home birth. We explain why obstetricians should not participate in or refer to randomized clinical trials of planned home vs planned hospital birth. We call on obstetricians, other concerned physicians, midwives and other obstetric providers, and their professional associations not to support planned home birth when there are safe and compassionate hospital-based alternatives and to advocate for a safe home-birth-like experience in the hospital. PMID:23151491

Chervenak, Frank A; McCullough, Laurence B; Brent, Robert L; Levene, Malcolm I; Arabin, Birgit

2012-11-11

10

Commentary: Taking Responsibility for Professional Development  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act of 2001 contains numerous references to "high-quality professional development. The quantity and the quality of professional development are critical issues in the NCLB Act with direct impact on student achievement. Research proves that the most important factor in student achievement is the quality of the teacher. In this month's opinion piece, the author encourages teachers to take responsibility for their own professional development by becoming more involved in planning and developing their professional growth. The end result will be meaningful personal growth for educators and increased student achievement!

Long, Steven

2004-12-01

11

Constructing an Integrated Model for Professional Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a conceptual framework for a model of professional education based on an interdisciplinary approach developed at the University of Calgary. Highlights include professional growth; experts' behavior; mentorship; professional knowledge base; elaboration theory; and fuzzy logic. (Contains 21 references.) (LRW)

Clark, W. Bruce

1994-01-01

12

Modeling the Engineering Information Professional.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes a model for educating information professionals based on three requirements that underlie all information service: academic preparation in digital librarianship; education and practice to cultivate change management and interpersonal skills; and a practicum to develop technological perspective and provide a future orientation. Builds on…

Holland, Maurita Peterson

1998-01-01

13

The collaborative apprenticeship model: Situated professional development within school settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional learning is a social enterprise where peers rely on the expertise and support of one another to adopt innovative practices. Reciprocal interactions in a community of practice, where teachers take responsibility for each other's learning and development, may provide an effective means of supporting situated professional learning. We propose a collaborative apprenticeship model featuring reciprocal interactions as an approach

Evan M. Glazer; Michael J. Hannafin

2006-01-01

14

Transformative Professional Development: A Model for Urban Science Education Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study presents a model of Transformative Professional Development (TPD) for use in sustained, collaborative, professional development of teachers in urban middle school science. TPD focuses on urban science teacher change and is responsive to school climate, teacher needs, and teacher beliefs with the intention of promoting change in…

Johnson, Carla C.; Marx, Sherry

2009-01-01

15

Family-professional collaboration in pediatric rehabilitation: a practice model.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: Family--professional collaboration is essential to optimize outcomes of children with disabilities and the families. Method: The authors incorporated current knowledge to formulate principles of collaborative service delivery in pediatric rehabilitation, develop a 4-step process of implementation, and recommend strategies that professionals can use to foster a collaborative process between families and professionals. The 4-step process and key elements of each step are described in detail to illustrate application of the model to practice. Results: The model is based on three key principles of collaborative service delivery: family-identified needs, shared responsibility, and family empowerment. Collaboration involves two-way interactions through which families and professionals share knowledge and skill, make shared decisions on goals and intervention, and build capacity in order to foster family empowerment and optimize outcomes. The 4-step process involves: (1) Mutually agreed-upon goals, (2) Shared planning, (3) Shared implementation, and (4) Shared evaluation. A unique feature of the model is the inclusion of collaborative strategies facilitated by the professional including client-centered interview, visualizing a preferred future, scaling question, family routine and activity matrix. Conclusion: The model may have utility for optimizing collaboration between families and professionals to foster family empowerment and optimize child and family outcomes. Implications for Rehabilitation Family--professional collaboration is essential to optimize outcomes of children with disabilities and families. The model of collaborative service delivery is based on three key principles: family identified needs, shared responsibility, and family empowerment. The model of collaborative service delivery is implemented using a four step process: (1) mutually agreed-upon goals, (2) shared-planning, (3) shared implementation, and (4) shared-evaluation. The unique feature of the model is the integration of specific strategies and procedures for professionals to foster collaborative processes between families and professionals. PMID:23713990

An, Mihee; Palisano, Robert J

2013-05-29

16

The research imperative and the responsible recordkeeping professional  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to provide an opinion on the responsible recordkeeping professional. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper provides a useful discussion on the responsible recordkeeping professional. Findings – It is argued that anyone who does not strive to add to that discrete body of knowledge by undertaking research and disseminating its outputs for the benefit of

Caroline Williams

2007-01-01

17

Social Responsibility and Professional Ethics in Management: Does it Matter?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We confirmed a set of hypotheses, which links social responsibility and professional ethics with economic performance, economic freedom and corruption. However, we rejected the hypothesis that the EU member states with high social responsibility and professional ethics are more resilient, and will exit the current crisis faster than other countries.

Cene Bavec

18

Professionals: Their Problems, Their Fears, and Their Social Responsibilities *  

PubMed Central

Professional societies have been reluctant to enter actively into the public processes by which decisions are made on economic, social, and political issues. This reluctance comes from (1) fears about the status of the profession and the professional society, (2) fears about economic reprisal, (3) potential conflicts between the goals of a philosophy of trade unionism and the goals of a philosophy of professional social responsibility, and (4) domination of some professional societies by nonprofessional business, industrial, or administrative groups. This reluctance has been justified by the development of a myth that the professional can exercise individual social responsibility while maintaining the neutrality of his institutions and societies. This myth must be ignored because our public decision-making processes can only function properly if groups, such as professional societies, actively enter that decision-making process.

Perl, Martin L.

1973-01-01

19

Professional Learning Communities: A Middle School Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research project explored the transition from a traditional model to a Professional Learning Community model in a NJ Middle School. The administration overcame obstacles during the transition such as scheduling conflicts, teacher apathy, and resistance. This action research study gathered data to determine how to best structure the…

Gentile, David N.

2010-01-01

20

Professional Learning Communities: A Middle School Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research project explored the transition from a traditional model to a Professional Learning Community model in a NJ Middle School. The administration overcame obstacles during the transition such as scheduling conflicts, teacher apathy, and resistance. This action research study gathered data to determine how to best structure the…

Gentile, David N.

2010-01-01

21

School-Based Continuous Professional Development: Schools Leaders' Responsibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three main areas related to the school leader's responsibility for continuous professional development are discussed. The first of these is the necessity for school leaders to have an understanding, or a theoretical framework, for how professionals learn. Serving as basis for discussion is the Kolb's Cycle of Learning Experience which has four…

Gold, Anne

22

Professional ethics and the responsible engineer  

SciTech Connect

There are five basic ethical principles: truth, honesty, trustworthiness; respect for human life; welfare; and posterity; fair play; openness; and competence. A process has to be established to avoid ethical crises. The NRC procedure for differing professional opinions is outlined. (DLC)

Vaughen, V.C.A.

1987-01-01

23

Quality improvement in nursing: Administrative mandate or professional responsibility?  

PubMed Central

For professionals, providing quality service and striving for excellence are ethical responsibilities. In many hospitals in the U.S., however, there is evidence indicating current quality improvement (QI) involving nurses is not always driven by their professional accountability and professional values. QI has become more an administrative mandate than an ethical standard for nurses. In this paper, the tension between QI as nurses’ professional ethics and an administrative mandate will be described, and the implicit ideal-reality gap of QI will be examined. The threat to professional nursing posed by the current approach to QI will be examined, and ways to incorporate nursing professional values in a practical QI effort will be explored.

Izumi, Shigeko

2012-01-01

24

Child welfare professionals' responses to domestic violence exposure among children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child welfare professionals are expected to promptly assess the current safety and future risks of children reported to them. Developing more accurate assessment methods has been a growing concern in child welfare. The presence of domestic violence and children's exposure to it are factors that have been included in many current risk assessment models used by child welfare professionals.An online

Traci LaLiberte; Jessie Bills; Narae Shin; Jeffrey L. Edleson

2010-01-01

25

Due diligence responsibilities of the professional geologist  

SciTech Connect

Whether in the role of independent consultant or company employee, a geologist has certain professional obligations in the evaluation of an oil and gas submittal from a third party. 'Due diligence' is the term used to describe the analysis of an investment opportunity. Due diligence involves a multidisciplinary examination of both the technical and business aspects of a submittal. In addition to the obvious geological considerations, prospect evaluations should include relevant details about the specific technical documentation reviewed, information sources, and how the data were verified. Full disclosure of ownership, technical risks, and negative aspects of the prospect should be included along with the positive elements. After the geological analysis is completed, the economic merits of the prospect should be analyzed, incorporating all lease burdens and terms of participation into the calculations. Estimated exploration, development, and operating costs, together with projected annual production, cash flow, and reserves must be examined as to their reasonableness. Finally, the due diligence review should include a thorough check on the reputation, financial condition, technical and managerial expertise, and prior track record of the operator. Bank, trade, legal, and prior partner references should be contacted. The successful professional geologist in today's competitive world must have multidisciplinary skills. A solid background in geology and geophysics, a basic understanding of the principles of petroleum engineering and economics, and the wits of a private eye are needed for good due diligence work.

Hobbs, G.W. (Ammonite Resources, New Canaan, CT (United States))

1991-03-01

26

Curriculum evaluation of ethical reasoning and professional responsibility.  

PubMed

This exploratory study evaluated curricular content and evaluation mechanisms related to ethics and professionalism in the baccalaureate dental hygiene program at Idaho State University. Competency-based education requires enhanced student preparation in ethical reasoning, critical thinking, and decision-making. Graduates must integrate concepts, beliefs, principles, and values to fulfill ethical and professional responsibilities. Methods included 1) development of five supporting competencies defining ethics and professionalism to provide a framework for curricular evaluation; 2) assessment of all course content and evaluation methods for each supporting competency; 3) evaluation of students' clinical performance based on professional judgment grades; and 4) survey of junior (n=30) and senior (n=27) students' attitudes about dental hygiene practice related to ethics and professionalism. Results revealed that most courses include content and evaluation related to at least one supporting competency; however, authentic evaluation is weak. Clinical instructors rarely relate evaluations to ethical principles or values. Surveys showed significant differences between junior and senior students' attitudes about ethics and professionalism in six of thirty-four areas (the six were laws and regulations; communication and interpersonal skills; problem solving; professional activities/programs; integrity; and safe work environment). This article shares one approach for evaluating curricular content and evaluation methods designed to develop student competence in ethical reasoning and professionalism. Based upon the study's findings, recommendations are made for curricular enhancement via authentic evaluation and faculty training. PMID:12540106

Christie, Carole R; Bowen, Denise M; Paarmann, Carlene S

2003-01-01

27

14 CFR 120.113 - Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...113 Medical Review Officer, Substance Abuse Professional, and Employer Responsibilities...specimen test result. (c) Substance Abuse Professional (SAP)....

2013-01-01

28

Responsibilities and Competencies: Implications for Health Education Professional Preparation Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests a need for a collaborative, competency-based approach to health education professional preparation that uses the Role Delineation Project areas of responsibility and competency as a foundation. To illustrate the need, the article defines emerging trends in health education and suggests appropriate responses for higher education…

Luebke, Judith K.; Bohnenblust, Stephen E.

1994-01-01

29

Professional Development in Partnership: A New Model for Professional Updating.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three cooperative programs between the University of New England-Northern Rivers (Australia) and regional arms of government agencies which provide professional development are described. They involve the departments of school education, health, and family and community services. The university offers a variety of credit-bearing undergraduate and…

Field, Terry

1992-01-01

30

Professional Ethical Standards, Corporate Social Responsibility, and the Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored several proposed relationships among professional ethical standards, corporate social responsibility,\\u000a and the perceived role of ethics and social responsibility. Data were collected from 313 business managers registered with\\u000a a large professional research association with a mailed self-report questionnaire. Mediated regression analysis indicated\\u000a that perceptions of corporate social responsibility partially mediated the positive relationship between perceived professional\\u000a ethical

Sean Valentine; Gary Fleischman

2008-01-01

31

Teacher Change in Response to a Professional Learning Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on change in teachers' perceptions of important elements of their role as teachers of mathematics at the conclusion of a two-year professional learning project. Analyses of written responses to survey items indicated shifts in four categories describing important elements of their role: teaching skills, knowledge, concepts;…

McDonough, Andrea; Clarkson, Philip; Scott, Anne

2010-01-01

32

Acceptance of health information technology in health professionals: An application of the revised technology acceptance model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The response of health professionals to the use of health information technology (HIT) is an important research topic that can partly explain the success or failure of any HIT application. The present study applied a modified version of the revised technology acceptance model (TAM) to assess the relevant beliefs and acceptance of HIT systems in a sample of health professionals

Panayiotis Ketikidis; Tomislav Dimitrovski; Lambros Lazuras; Peter A. Bath

2012-01-01

33

Impact of Professional Development on Preschool Teachers' Conversational Responsivity and Children's Linguistic Productivity and Complexity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study investigated the effect of professional development (PD) on preschool teachers' conversational responsivity in the classroom, defined as teachers' use of strategies to promote children's participation in extended conversational exchanges (communication-facilitating strategies) and exposure to advanced linguistic models

Piasta, Shayne B.; Justice, Laura M.; Cabell, Sonia Q.; Wiggins, Alice K.; Turnbull, Khara Pence; Curenton, Stephanie M.

2012-01-01

34

School Nurse Summer Institute: A Model for Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The components of a professional development model designed to empower school nurses to become leaders in school health services is described. The model was implemented during a 3-day professional development institute that included clinical and leadership components, especially coalition building, with two follow-up sessions in the fall and…

Neighbors, Marianne; Barta, Kathleen

2004-01-01

35

A professional development model for middle school teachers of mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teacher professional development activities in the USA take many forms from half-day workshops that focus on particular topics or classroom techniques to long term course work that offers university level credit. With few exceptions, the primary goal of such activities is to enhance the teachers’ classroom effectiveness and improve student achievement. In this article, we describe a professional development model

G. Harris; T. Stevens; R. Higgins

2011-01-01

36

Response to Section II: What's Needed Now--Professional Development Schools and the Professionalization of Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The professional development schools (PDS) effort, which grew out of the groundbreaking work of the Holmes Group (1986), was deliberately focused on the support and advancement of teachers as professionals and the professionalization of teaching, so the author argues that it is ironic that a volume about PDS might be seen as voicing an opinion…

Goodwin, A. Lin

2011-01-01

37

Modelling Professional Sports Leagues: An Industrial Organization Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper outlines a simple model of professional sports contests that can provide a number of useful insights into the operations\\u000a of professional sports leagues. The model incorporates a concern for competitive balance on the part of fans and has the advantage\\u000a that a number of league market structures can be analyzed using standard industrial organization techniques. The model can

Philippe Cyrenne

2009-01-01

38

Modeling Teacher Professional Development Through a Telescope Making Workshop  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Year of Astronomy (IYA2009) provides a springboard to develop innovative enduring educational programming directed toward astronomy education. We examine current professional development models focusing on astronomy and discuss the need for improvement. We propose a professional development design that follows the medical field philosophy using a low cost telescope making workshop as a vehicle to test and modify the model. The workshop promotes teacher content knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge and develops skills and confidence in an inquiry, integrative lesson. This model can be shared with professional development leaders, coordinators and teachers in any topic or level of education. Professional development designs such as the proposed promote excitement and interest in astronomy and makes it possible for underserved and economically depressed regions to have opportunities to promote the values of scientific investigation, STEM education, and public awareness of astronomy.

Meredith, J. T.; Schleigh, S. P.; Lee, T. D.

2010-08-01

39

Professional navigation: a comparative study of two Canadian models.  

PubMed

For many cancer control programs, cancer navigation has emerged as a specific strategy to improve access to supportive care and the patients' experience of cancer care. This study contributes to a better understanding of professional navigation by comparing two Canadian models: Quebec's Pivot Nurse in Oncology (PNO) and Nova Scotia's Cancer Patient Navigator (CPN). Qualitative interviews were conducted with professional navigators, patients and family members, front-line staff, physicians and health administrators (interviews: n = 49; focus groups: n = 10). The two models were analyzed using the professional navigation framework (Fillion et al., 2012). Although the models are different, results show that professional navigators in both programs perform similar functions and face similar challenges. This study highlights the complexity and the value of cancer navigation and recommends relevant actions to optimize its management within the health care system. PMID:23362659

Fillion, Lise; Cook, Sandra; Veillette, Anne-Marie; de Serres, Marie; Aubin, Michèle; Rainville, François; Fitch, Margaret; Doll, Richard

2012-01-01

40

Teachers' continuing professional development: framing a model of outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to contribute towards the construction of an empirically-grounded theory of effective continuing professional development (CPD), this paper seeks to develop a model of the effects of teachers' CPD or in-service education and training (INSET(. It builds on an earlier typology of INSET outcomes and compares it to two previous classification frameworks. It is argued that the proposed model

John Harland; Kay Kinder

1997-01-01

41

A Model of Professional Development for Tutors of Adult Numeracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the results of a national survey and highlights the key insights regarding both the profile of the tutors of adult mathematics\\/numeracy in Ireland, and their training needs in relation to teaching adults. Grounded research has contributed to the development of a model of professional development for tutors of adult numeracy. The model incorporates a view that

Terry Maguire; John O'Donoghue

42

Pikes Peak Model for Training in Professional Geropsychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aging of the population will increase demand for psychological services for older adults, which challenges the profession of psychology to provide those services. In response to that challenge, professional geropsychology has been developing over the past few decades to meet current and prepare for anticipated future demand. The development…

Knight, Bob G.; Karel, Michele J.; Hinrichsen, Gregory A.; Qualls, Sara H.; Duffy, Michael

2009-01-01

43

Lesson Study Meets SIOP: Linking Two Successful Professional Development Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to recently identified research priorities by TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages) and AERA, the objective of this documentary account is to describe and evaluate a professional development project for in-service teachers working with diverse English Language Learners (ELLs). The purpose of our project was to…

Honigsfeld, Andrea; Cohan, Audrey

2006-01-01

44

Responsibility Attribution for Violence against Women: A Study of Chinese Public Service Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined how Chinese public service professionals attributed responsibility to victims and perpetrators of violence against women (VAW). A total of 2,308 Chinese public service professionals in Hong Kong completed questionnaires on attitudes toward women, VAW-related perceptions, and assignment of responsibility to actors in written…

Tang, Catherine So-kum; Pun, Shuk Han; Cheung, Fanny Mui-ching

2002-01-01

45

PHOTON2: A web-based professional development model for photonics technology education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a web-based teacher professional development model for photonics technology education funded by the National Science Foundation Advanced Technology Education (ATE) program. In response to the rapidly growing demand for skilled photonics technicians, the PHOTON2 project will increase the number of high school teachers and community college faculty across the US proficient in teaching photonics technology

Nicholas M. Massa; Barbara A. Washburn; Marijke Kehrhahn; Judith F. Donnelly; Fenna D. Hanes

2004-01-01

46

The Practitioner's Model: Designing a Professional Development Program for Online Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes the experiences of staff responsible for developing and delivering professional development (PD) in online teaching in three universities in the same Australian state. Each university draws on a similar pool of staff and students, and operates under the same government regulations, but has used different models of policy…

Weaver, Debbi; Robbie, Diane; Borland, Rosemary

2008-01-01

47

Eating disorders among professional fashion models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fashion models are thought to be at an elevated risk for eating disorders, but few methodologically rigorous studies have explored this assumption. We have investigated the prevalence of eating disorders in a group of 55 fashion models born in Sardinia, Italy, comparing them with a group of 110 girls of the same age and of comparable social and cultural backgrounds.

Antonio Preti; Ambra Usai; Paola Miotto; Donatella Rita Petretto; Carmelo Masala

2008-01-01

48

The Croatian model of university education for health professionals.  

PubMed

In all European countries healthcare professions are regulated by law. In Croatia, the legally--regulated professions are: medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing, physiotherapy and midwifery, as well as radiographers, occupational therapists and medical laboratory technicians. Current education of health professionals in Croatia is traditional, inadequate and poorly harmonized with current educational trends, as well as with requirements and directives of European Commission. This Croatian model for education of health professionals at university level follows the recommendations specified in Croatian Qualification Framework: (i) learning outcomes are competency-based; (ii) mobility of students and faculty is encouraged; (iii) the means of quality assurance are anticipated. The Croatian model of university education for health professionals will make sure that all procedures, specified in the European and Croatian Qualification Framework addressing recognizability of study programs, mobility, learning outcomes, quality assurance and reliability of required qualifications are successfully completed. PMID:21874743

Jankovi?, Stipan; Mihanovi?, Frane; Simunovi?, Vladimir

2010-12-01

49

Tunnel Cost Model: Professional Papers, 1974.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This collection of four papers describes the completed first phase of the research project--the organization and scope of the model; its technical content, assumptions, capabilities; and directions for its future development and use. These papers draw upo...

F. Moavenzadeh H. H. Einstein M. J. Markow R. D. Wyatt S. G. Vick

1974-01-01

50

32 CFR 776.8 - Professional Responsibility Committee.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY MISCELLANEOUS RULES PROFESSIONAL...Service Command (NLSC); the Chief Judge, Navy-Marine Corps Trial Judiciary; and in cases involving Marine Corps judge advocates, the...

2013-07-01

51

The Social Responsibility Performance Outcomes Model: Building Socially Responsible Companies through Performance Improvement Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers the role of performance improvement professionals and human resources development professionals in helping organizations realize the ethical and financial power of corporate social responsibility. Explains the social responsibility performance outcomes model, which incorporates the concepts of societal needs and outcomes. (LRW)|

Hatcher, Tim

2000-01-01

52

Models of Continuing Professional Development: a framework for analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The area of teachers' continuing professional development (CPD) is of growing interest internationally. However, while an increasing range of literature focuses on particular aspects of CPD, there is a paucity of literature addressing the spectrum of CPD models in a comparative manner. This article therefore considers a wide range of international literature, together with some specific examples from the Scottish

Aileen Kennedy

2005-01-01

53

Parents as Professionals in Early Intervention: A Parent Educator Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the goals of a family-centered approach in early intervention is to equally involve family members as active partners with professionals. This article describes one state's model of family involvement using parents of young children with disabilities as parent educators in the Part C system. Qualitative focus group data were collected with…

Gallagher, P. A.; Rhodes, C. A.; Darling, S. M.

2004-01-01

54

Professional responsibility in elder law: a synthesis of preventive law and therapeutic jurisprudence.  

PubMed

This article focuses on the professional responsibilities that a lawyer owes to older clients. Specifically, this article proposes that when working with older clients, lawyers have a responsibility to ensure that their clients have the capacity to manage their own affairs and to ensure their clients' legal, financial, and personal interests are protected in case of sudden future incapacity. Furthermore, a lawyer working with older clients has a responsibility to remain cognizant of the realities of ageing without giving in to the falsities of senior citizen stereotypes. Through an integration of Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Preventive Law, a proactive, client-centered, four-stage framework for advancing therapeutic goals through preventive lawyering is developed. The framework is then applied to a model lawyer/client interaction typical of elder practice. The advantages and limitations of the four-stage framework are discussed. PMID:9156423

Stolle, D P

1996-01-01

55

Assessing the IRIS Professional Development Model: Impact Beyond the Workshops  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IRIS Education and Outreach (E&O) Program has developed a highly effective, one-day professional development experience for formal educators. Leveraging the expertise of its consortium, IRIS delivers content including: plate tectonics, propagation of seismic waves, seismographs, Earth's interior structure. At the core of the IRIS professional development model is the philosophy that changes in teacher behavior can be affected by increasing teacher comfort in the classroom. Science and research organizations such as IRIS are able to increase teachers' comfort in the classroom by providing professional development which: increases an educator's knowledge of scientific content, provides educators with a variety of high-quality, scientifically accurate activities to deliver content to students, and provides educators with experiences involving both the content and the educational activities as the primary means of knowledge transfer. As reflected in a 2002-2003 academic year assessment program, this model has proven to be effective at reaching beyond participants and extending into the educators' classrooms. 76% of respondents report increasing the amount of time they spend teaching seismology or related topics in their classroom as a result of participating in IRIS professional development experience. This increase can be directly attributed to the workshop as 90% of participants report using at least one activity modeled during the workshop upon returning to their classrooms. The reported mean activity usage by teachers upon was 4.5 activities per teacher. Since the inception of the professional development model in 1999, IRIS E&O has been committed to evaluation. Data derived from assessment is utilized as a key decision making tool, driving a continuous improvement process. As a result, both the model and the assessment methods have become increasingly refined and sophisticated. The alignment of the professional development model within the IRIS E&O Program framework has resulted in a clarified a definition of success and an increased demand for the collection of new data. Currently, the assessment program is testing tools to examine participant learning, measure the transfer of knowledge and resources from professional development into in classrooms, and measure the use of individual activities.

Hubenthal, M.; Braile, L. W.; Taber, J. J.

2003-12-01

56

Development of INSET model for improving Teacher Professionalism in Indonesia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of INSET (In-service Teacher Training) has been developed for improving teacher professionalism in Indonesia. Lesson study approach was adopted to develop the model of INSET. Teachers and faculty members collaboratively developed a lesson plan, implemented and observed the lesson followed by post-class discussion to reflect the lesson. The developed lesson plan was based upon hands-on and mind-on activity,

Sumar Hendayana

57

A Model for a Professional Development School Intervention: REAL Findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a school-university partnership between a large Midwestern university, a community college, and a public school district, Project REAL initiated a professional develop­ ment school intervention model in a high-need urban district as a mechanism toward improv­ ing preK-12 student achievement and enhancing the preparation of teachers. The model was implemented in four schools where preK-12 students and teachers, preservice

David A. Walker; Christine K. Sorensen; Sharon E. Smaldino; Portia M. Downey

58

Health Professionals' Responses to Disclosure of Child Sexual Abuse History: Female Child Sexual Abuse Survivors' Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports on a postal questionnaire, conducted in 2004, with female survivors of historic child sexual abuse. The questionnaire explored their experiences of health professionals' responsiveness to disclosure of child sexual abuse history. Of 61 participants, aged between 22 and 65, 69% had disclosed to health professionals. Those who…

McGregor, Kim; Julich, Shirley; Glover, Marewa; Gautam, Jeny

2010-01-01

59

Controls, risk and educational responsibility: The ethical\\/professional links  

Microsoft Academic Search

Engineers learn from experience, as one of the author's own early experiences illustrates. The case method is the best way to bring real-world experience into the classroom. In the emerging discipline of engineering ethics, the case method is the most appropriate. Concepts and techniques (including feedback) have been developed to use cases in implementing the teaching of engineering professionalism and

M. J. Rabins; C. E. Harris

1995-01-01

60

Sales Advertising Response Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper surveys dynamic models in the field of advertising. After a brief introduction to the differential game theory some sales-advertising response models are described. These models are organised under five headings: Vidale-Wolfe generalisations, Lanchester-type models, Leitmann models, Excess advertising models and Combined models. This up-to date review of the existing literature in this field compares specification of models, analysed

Petr Mariel

1998-01-01

61

Beyond the Game: Perceptions and Practices of Corporate Social Responsibility in the Professional Sport Industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is an area of great interest, yet little is known about how CSR is perceived and practiced\\u000a in the professional sport industry. This study employs a mixed-methods approach, including a survey, and a qualitative content\\u000a analysis of responses to open-ended questions, to explore how professional sport executives define CSR, and what priorities\\u000a teams have regarding their

Hela Sheth; Kathy M. Babiak

2010-01-01

62

Pacific CRYSTAL Teacher Professional Development Models: Lessons Learned  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From 2005 to 2010 Pacific CRYSTAL (Centre for Research in Youth Science Teaching and Learning) has been engaged in community-based research fostering teacher leadership in innovative science education through a variety of approaches to teacher professional development. Pacific CRYSTAL is a University of Victoria based, NSERC funded project founded on a collaborative research model involving scentists, science educators and community members including schools, teachers, community groups and government. Pacific CRYSTAL professional development approaches embrace both in-service teachers and pre-service teachers, and include Lighthouse schools, workshops (ongoing as well as one-time), community-based partnerships in Pacific CRYSTAL research projects, teachers as researchers, and university science courses and workshops for pre-education and education students. A number of common themes, identified through these approaches, should be considered in the development and implementation of future science professional development initiatives. They include; teacher turnover, expanding and adding schools and participating teachers, teacher apprehension, building leadership capacity, further engagement of 'tourist' teachers, continuing professional support for teachers, as well as on-going mentoring.

van der Flier-Keller, E.; Yore, L.

2010-12-01

63

A Practice-Based Theory of Professional Education: Teach For America's Professional Development Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 1999, Ball and Cohen proposed a practice-based theory of professional education, which would end inadequate professional development efforts with a more comprehensive approach. Their work has been referenced over the past decade, yet there have been limited attempts to actualize their ideals and research their implications. In this article, I…

Gabriel, Rachael

2011-01-01

64

PHOTON2: A web-based professional development model for photonics technology education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present a web-based teacher professional development model for photonics technology education funded by the National Science Foundation Advanced Technology Education (ATE) program. In response to the rapidly growing demand for skilled photonics technicians, the PHOTON2 project will increase the number of high school teachers and community college faculty across the US proficient in teaching photonics technology at their own institutions. The project will also focus on building the capacity of educators to engage in lifelong learning through web-based professional development. Unlike the traditional professional development model whereby educators receive training through intensive short-term workshops, the PHOTON2 project team has developed a pedagogical framework designed specifically for adult learners in which technical content, curriculum development, and learner self-regulatory development are integrated into an active, collaborative, and sustained online learning environment. In Spring 2004, two cohorts of science and technology educators, career/guidance counselors, and industry mentors from eleven states including California, Pennsylvania, Texas, Arizona, Hawaii, and the six New England states commenced participation in the three-year project. Qualitative and quantitative research, focused on individual and environmental factors related to web-based learning, will examine the viability of web-based teacher/faculty professional development in engineering technology education.

Massa, Nicholas M.; Washburn, Barbara A.; Kehrhahn, Marijke; Donnelly, Judith F.; Hanes, Fenna D.

2004-10-01

65

Challenges to professional psychology education in the 21st century: response to Peterson.  

PubMed

Professional psychology education faces many critical challenges brought about by the major changes occurring in the health care arena. This article shows that professional schools and programs have a good record of responding to these challenges and of taking proactive steps sponding to prepare their graduates for new health care roles and delivery systems. Data on admissions to psychology doctoral training programs demonstrate little support for the toral concerns raised by Donald R. Peterson (2003, this issue) about the preparation of students for graduate training in professional programs. Although quality concerns are important to investigate, such examination best resides with portant the American Psychological Association's Committee on Accreditation, which has the promotion of quality and excellence in professional psychology education and training as its major goal and responsibility. PMID:14584995

Kenkel, Mary Beth; DeLeon, Patrick H; Albino, Judith E N; Porter, Natalie

2003-10-01

66

The Entrepreneurial Response of Public Universities. Professional File, Summer 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To complete in the increasingly competitive marketplace, public universities need to become more flexible and more focused in reactions to expanding and changing demands. As the case study of five European universities by B. Clark (1998) demonstrates, an entrepreneurial response on the part of universities results in diversified income, a…

Oleksiyenko, Anatoly

67

The Entrepreneurial Response of Public Universities. Professional File, Summer 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To complete in the increasingly competitive marketplace, public universities need to become more flexible and more focused in reactions to expanding and changing demands. As the case study of five European universities by B. Clark (1998) demonstrates, an entrepreneurial response on the part of universities results in diversified income, a…

Oleksiyenko, Anatoly

68

Toward Pride and Professionalism: Increasing Personal Responsibility. Student Workbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document presents a 36-hour curriculum of the Navy Alcohol and Drug Safety Action Program designed to reduce drug and alcohol related problems in the Navy by increasing resistance to addiction. The responsibility each person holds for his or her own ...

B. R. Hartmann

1985-01-01

69

Toward Pride and Professionalism: Increasing Personal Responsibility. Facilitator Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This document presents a 36-hour curriculum of the Navy Alcohol and Drug Safety Action Program designed to reduce drug and alcohol related problems in the Navy by increasing resistance to addiction. The responsibility each person holds for his or her own ...

B. R. Hartmann

1985-01-01

70

Using Blogs to Promote Literary Response during Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article describes a project that studied 15 preservice teachers' perceptions of and reactions to responding to children's and young adult literature using a Ning blog. These perceptions and reactions provided insight into various practical aspects of using a social networking blog to facilitate literature response in a teacher education…

Colwell, Jamie; Hutchison, Amy; Reinking, David

2012-01-01

71

No One Way: Working Models for Teachers' Professional Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the role of professional development in the implementation of computer technologies in schools across Canada and elsewhere. Three examples of professional development in Canada are examined, each functioning at a different administrative level (faculty of education, schooldistrict and school-based), and each employing a different strategy or set of tactics for professional development. The programs are described in

Jennifer Jenson; Brian Lewis; Richard Smith

2002-01-01

72

Constructing a professional identity: how young female managers use role models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore how young career-minded women use role models. It draws on previous research into how professionals experimented with their identity projections to become partners in US professional service firms. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A theoretical paper with in-depth interviews with ten young professional women. Findings – The women revealed that they actively draw

Val Singh; Susan Vinnicombe; Kim James

2006-01-01

73

Modeling Response Signal and Response Time Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The diffusion model (Ratcliff, 1978) and the leaky competing accumulator model (LCA, Usher & McClelland, 2001) were tested against two-choice data collected from the same subjects with the standard response time procedure and the response signal procedure. In the response signal procedure, a stimulus is presented and then, at one of a number of…

Ratcliff, Roger

2006-01-01

74

Transplant ethics under scrutiny - responsibilities of all medical professionals  

PubMed Central

In this text, we present and elaborate ethical challenges in transplant medicine related to organ procurement and organ distribution, together with measures to solve such challenges. Based on internationally acknowledged ethical standards, we looked at cases of organ procurement and distribution practices that deviated from such ethical standards. One form of organ procurement is known as commercial organ trafficking, while in China the organ procurement is mostly based on executing prisoners, including killing of detained Falun Gong practitioners for their organs. Efforts from within the medical community as well as from governments have contributed to provide solutions to uphold ethical standards in medicine. The medical profession has the responsibility to actively promote ethical guidelines in medicine to prevent a decay of ethical standards and to ensure best medical practices.

Trey, Torsten; Caplan, Arthur L.; Lavee, Jacob

2013-01-01

75

Surface Water Response Modeling  

EPA Science Inventory

During response to spills, or for facility planning, the vulnerability of downstream water resources is a major concern. How long and at what concentration do spilled contaminants reach downstream receptors? Models have the potential to answer these questions, but only if they ...

76

Adaptive response modelling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cellular response to radiation is often modified by a previous delivery of a small "priming" dose: a smaller amount of damage, defined by the end point being investigated, is observed, and for this reason the effect is called adaptive response. An improved understanding of this effect is essential (as much as for the case of the bystander effect) for a reliable radiation risk assessment when low dose irradiations are involved. Experiments on adaptive response have shown that there are a number of factors that strongly influence the occurrence (and the level) of the adaptation. In particular, priming doses and dose rates have to fall in defined ranges; the same is true for the time interval between the delivery of the small priming dose and the irradiation with the main, larger, dose (called in this case challenging dose). Different hypotheses can be formulated on the main mechanism(s) determining the adaptive response: an increased efficiency of DNA repair, an increased level of antioxidant enzymes, an alteration of cell cycle progression, a chromatin conformation change. An experimental clearcut evidence going definitely in the direction of one of these explanations is not yet available. Modelling can be done at different levels. Simple models, relating the amount of damage, through elementary differential equations, to the dose and dose rate experienced by the cell, are relatively easy to handle, and they can be modified to account for the priming irradiation. However, this can hardly be of decisive help in the explanation of the mechanisms, since each parameter of these models often incorporates in an effective way several cellular processes related to the response to radiation. In this presentation we show our attempts to describe adaptive response with models that explicitly contain, as a dynamical variable, the inducible adaptive agent. At a price of a more difficult treatment, this approach is probably more prone to give support to the experimental studies. This work is supported by the NOTE Project (FP6-36465).

Campa, Alessandro; Esposito, Giuseppe; Belli, Mauro

77

Mainstreaming in Secondary Schools: A Shared Professional Responsibility. OATE-OACTE Monograph Series No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools have fostered a strong tradition of separatism in services, personnel, and settings between regular and special education. This tradition of separatism cannot easily or quickly be displaced, nor can one of shared professional responsibility be easily established. This volume contains papers dealing with the problem of building such a…

Reed, Patricia L., Ed.

78

Culturally Responsive Teaching: Awareness and Professional Growth through a School-University Collaboration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Preparing in-service and pre-service teachers to effectively work with culturally diverse students is an ongoing challenge for schools and universities alike. This article reports on a University-Professional Development School (PDS) initiative designed to enhance an awareness of culturally responsive pedagogy. This article describes a yearlong…

McCormick, Theresa M.; Eick, Charles J.; Womack, Janet S.

2013-01-01

79

Diversity Profile Report of the AEJMC Standing Committee on Professional Freedom and Responsibility.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines the diversity profile of the Standing Committee on Professional Freedom and Responsibility of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC) membership. Focuses on the gender and ethnic identity of members. Finds that women are overrepresented in 11 of 31 subgroups; males are overrepresented in 3 subgroups;…

Stephens, Lowndes F.

2003-01-01

80

School Accountability and Professional Job Responsibilities: A Perspective from Secondary Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports how secondary principals perceive the status of the accountability movement and their professional job responsibilities in the context of accountability. The data were collected from a nationally representative sample of secondary principals during the Schools and Staffing Survey 1999-2000. Respondents reported that there were…

Cooley, Van E.; Shen, Jianping

2003-01-01

81

Literacy Instruction in Rural Elementary Schools in Jamaica: Response to Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rural educators from several elementary schools in southwest Jamaica completed pre- and post-literacy surveys. Professional training was developed and provided in response to the pre-assessment results. Literacy training combined two essential skills: (a) ongoing assessment of literacy achievement and (b) evidenced-based intervention strategies.…

Williams, Stacy A. S.; Staulters, Merry L.

2010-01-01

82

Literacy Instruction in Rural Elementary Schools in Jamaica: Response to Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rural educators from several elementary schools in southwest Jamaica completed pre- and post-literacy surveys. Professional training was developed and provided in response to the pre-assessment results. Literacy training combined two essential skills: (a) ongoing assessment of literacy achievement and (b) evidenced-based intervention strategies.…

Williams, Stacy A. S.; Staulters, Merry L.

2010-01-01

83

Learning Agreements and Socially Responsible Approaches to Professional and Human Resource Development in the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article draws upon original qualitative data to present an initial assessment of the significance of learning agreements for the development of socially responsible approaches to professional and human resource development within the workplace. The article suggests that the adoption of a partnership-based approach to learning is more…

Wallis, Emma

2008-01-01

84

Authoring Professional Teacher Identities: A Journey from Understanding Culturally Responsive Teaching to Identifying as Culturally Responsive Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the ways in which four elementary preservice teachers came to understand culturally responsive teaching and began authoring their professional teacher identities. It examined the influence of course work and internship at a culturally and linguistically diverse school on their understandings…

Tschida, Christina Marie

2009-01-01

85

Healthcare professionals' response to cachexia in advanced cancer: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Purpose/Objectives: To explore healthcare professionals' experience, understanding, and perception of the needs of patients with cachexia in advanced cancer.Research Approach: A qualitative approach based on symbolic interactionism.Setting: A regional cancer center in a large teaching hospital in the United Kingdom.Participants: 34 healthcare professionals who had experience providing care to patients with cachexia in advanced cancer.Methodologic Approach: Data collection consisted of two phases: focus group and semistructured interviews. Interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim for analysis. This article reports on findings from the second phase of data collection.Findings: Analysis revealed that professional approaches to cachexia were influenced by three overarching and interthinking themes: knowledge, culture, and resources. Healthcare professionals commonly recognized the impact of the syndrome; however, for nonpalliative healthcare professionals, a culture of avoidance and an overreliance on the biomedical model of care had considerable influence on the management of cachexia in patients with advanced cancer.Conclusions: Cachexia management in patients with advanced cancer can be difficult and is directed by a variable combination of the influence of knowledge, culture of the clinical area, and available resources. Distinct differences exist in the management of cachexia among palliative and nonpalliative care professionals.Interpretation: This study presented a multiprofessional perspective on the management of cachexia in patients with advanced cancer and revealed that cachexia is a complex and challenging syndrome that needs to be addressed from a holistic model of care.Knowledge Translation: Cachexia management in patients with advanced cancer is complex and challenging and is directed by a combination of variables. An overreliance on the biomedical model of health and illness occurs in the management of cachexia in patients with advanced cancer. Cachexia needs to be addressed from a holistic model of care to reflect the multidimensional needs of patients and their families. PMID:24161643

Millar, Claire; Reid, Joanne; Porter, Sam

2013-11-01

86

Enhancing surveys of health care professionals: a meta-analysis of techniques to improve response.  

PubMed

Surveys involving health care providers are characterized by low and declining response rates (RRs), and researchers have utilized various strategies to increase survey RRs among health professionals. Based on 48 studies with 156 subgroups of within-study conditions, a multilevel meta-regression analysis was conducted to summarize the effects of different strategies employed in surveys of health professionals. An estimated overall survey RR among health professionals was 0.53 with a significant downward trend during the last half century. Of the variables that were examined, mode of data collection, incentives, and number of follow-up attempts were all found to be significantly related to RR. The mail survey mode was more effective in improving RR, compared to the online or web survey mode. Relative to the non-incentive subgroups, subgroups receiving monetary incentives were more likely to respond, while nonmonetary incentive groups were not significantly different from non-incentive groups. When number of follow-ups was considered, the one or two attempts of follow-up were found to be effective in increasing survey RR among health professionals. Having noted challenges associated with surveying health professionals, researchers must make every effort to improve access to their target population by implementing appropriate incentive- and design-based strategies demonstrated to improve participation rates. PMID:23975761

Cho, Young Ik; Johnson, Timothy P; Vangeest, Jonathan B

2013-09-01

87

Continuing education for medical professionals: a reflective model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Royal Colleges and their Faculties have moved continuing professional development up the agenda of doctors in the UK. The low educational value and failure to change professional practice of much continuing medical education has led to criticism of its emphasis on formal, didactic teaching and academic knowledge. The ubiquitous scientific or technical bias in medical education makes questionable assumptions

S. Brigley; Y. Young; P. Littlejohns; J. McEwen

1997-01-01

88

A Model for Studying Determinants of Intention To Participate in Continuing Professional Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a theoretical model for a program of research into the determinants of a professional's intention to par ticipate in continuing education. This model is based on Fishbein's (4) general theoretical framework. The adapted framework con sists of three components. The first component is the professional's attitude toward participating in continuing education. This atti tude is taken to

Arden D. Grotelueschen; Darrel N. Caulley

1977-01-01

89

Towards Modeling a Collaborative Environment for Extension of Professional Active Life  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Progress on computer networks is offering new conditions for individuals to remain active after their retirement. Furthermore, the scarcity of human resources and the increasing percentage of elder professionals in Europe have catalyzed the formation of a new type of collaborative community referred to as community of active senior professionals (CASP). These new networks aim to support retired professionals with their participation in socio-economic activities and thus remaining professionally active. As such, identification of their specificities as well as developing a descriptive model of CASPs is challenging. This paper characterizes the CASP environments and performs a first attempt towards identifying and modeling their constituent elements.

Afsarmanesh, Hamideh; Camarinha-Matos, Luis

90

['See and Treat' in the Emergency Department: legal aspects and professional nursing responsibility].  

PubMed

The article aim to analyze the legal aspects of professional responsibility in the autonomous nursing care of a patient with a minor health problem treated in a See and Treat area of the Emergency Department through a literature review and an analyses of the Italian legislation about professional exercise. Recent studies have shown that the treatment of the emergency patients affected by minor health problems in separated areas of the A&E by skilled nurses proved to be effective in reducing time to medical examination and the overall time spent in the Emergency Department. Several studies have shown the positive effects of the Emergency Nurse Practitioner (ENP) in terms of reduction of time to medical examination with an increase in patient satisfaction, maintaining an adequate level of quality in the care of patients with minor health problems. The introduction of a See and Treat area, together with the institution of advanced post-triage protocols, represents a possible answer to the overcrowding of the Emergency Department. The aim is the reduction of waiting times and proper allocation of both material and professional resources. The "See and Treat" nurse represents an expert nurse, with an adequate level of competence, who acts in respect to the clinical protocols shared between physicians and nurses. The Italian legislation is not in contrast with the introduction of the See and Treat nurse, on the contrary it offers opportunities for further professional development. PMID:24083498

Radice, Cristiano; Ghinaglia, Monica; Doneda, Renzo; Bollini, Giovanna

91

Striving for a culturally responsive process in training health professionals on Asian American and Pacific Islander youth violence prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of youth violence prevention practice is dependent on the quality of education and training of professionals who will care for disadvantaged and\\/or underserved youth. The authors propose that culturally responsive youth violence prevention curricula, focused on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, should: 1) target institutions that train health professionals likely to serve Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders; 2)

Anthony P. S. Guerrero; Deborah A. Goebert; Daniel A. Alicata; Cathy K. Bell

2009-01-01

92

European Religious Education Teachers' Perceptions of and Responses to Classroom Diversity and Their Relationship to Personal and Professional Biographies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper focuses on teachers of secondary level religious education in England, Estonia, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Norway. It presents a study of the teachers' perceptions of and responses to the diversity within their classes, in relation to their professional role and their personal and professional biographies. The study employed…

Everington, Judith; ter Avest, Ina; Bakker, Cok; van der Want, Anna

2011-01-01

93

Learning in Higher Education Symposia: A New Professional Development Model for University Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report presents the findings of a case study of a novel professional development practice model for academic university staff developed by the Learning in Higher Education (LiHE) association. It describes the implementation of a social constructivist approach to professional development, characterised by various, structured collaborative…

Dobozy, Eva

2012-01-01

94

Local Cosmopolitans and Cosmopolitan Locals: New Models of Professionals in the Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This essay critically examines the centrality of mobility to the model of being a higher education professor or a student affairs professional. Using three narratives of lower-income Latino students about their educational and professional choices, we offer a reading based on Gouldner's classic conception of cosmopolitans and locals, and on…

Rhoades, Gary; Kiyama, Judy Marquez; McCormick, Rudy; Quiroz, Marisol

2008-01-01

95

A Model for Studying Determinants of Intention to Participate in Continuing Professional Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a model which provides a theoretical framework for conducting research regarding the determinants of a professional's intention to participate in continuing education. The framework's three components are the professional's (1) attitude toward participation, (2) perception about what significant others think about his or her…

Grotelueschen, Arden D.; Caulley, Darrel N.

1977-01-01

96

How dentists account for social responsibility: economic imperatives and professional obligations.  

PubMed

This study explores how dentists explain the concept of social responsibility and its relationship to issues affecting access to oral health care by vulnerable segments of the population. Analysis of open-ended interviews with thirty-four dentists, including dental educators, and administrators and officials of dental public health programs in Canada and the United States revealed that four main themes-economics, professionalism, individual choice, and politics-influenced the respondents' sense of social responsibility in dentistry. There was a belief that social responsibility in dentistry is dominated by economic imperatives that impact negatively on the policies and practices directing access to care. Yet, despite the highly critical stance on dentistry as a business, there was practical recognition of the economic realities of dental practice. Nevertheless, those who focused on social responsibility as a professional obligation highlighted the privileges of self-governance along with the accompanying duty to serve the welfare of everyone and not just those who are socioeconomically advantaged. PMID:18096884

Dharamsi, Shafik; Pratt, Daniel D; MacEntee, Michael I

2007-12-01

97

EFL Teachers' Professional Development: A Concept, a Model, and Tools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this article is to propose the Distance Professional Development and Support System (DPDS), an approach specifically designed to help non-native speakers of English teach English-as-a-Foreign Language (EFL) in a non-English-speaking setting. English has become the primary language of international communication, and there is a…

Serdiukov, Peter; Tarnopolsky, Oleg

98

EFL Teachers' Professional Development: A Concept, a Model, and Tools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The main purpose of this article is to propose the Distance Professional Development and Support System (DPDS), an approach specifically designed to help non-native speakers of English teach English-as-a-Foreign Language (EFL) in a non-English-speaking setting. English has become the primary language of international communication, and there is a…

Serdiukov, Peter; Tarnopolsky, Oleg

99

A Project-Based Model for Professional Environmental Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The projects described in this article were designed to provide a real world situation akin to the work of environmental professionals. The projects were conducted with Australian students working on environmental issues in Vietnam. The projects demonstrated that multi-disciplinary teamwork fits well into environmental projects, and importantly…

Meehan, Barry; Thomas, Ian

2006-01-01

100

Generalizability in Item Response Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An approach called generalizability in item response modeling (GIRM) is introduced in this article. The GIRM approach essentially incorporates the sampling model of generalizability theory (GT) into the scaling model of item response theory (IRT) by making distributional assumptions about the relevant measurement facets. By specifying a random…

Briggs, Derek C.; Wilson, Mark

2007-01-01

101

Institutional Response to the Swedish Model of Quality Assurance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluates the Swedish model of quality assurance of higher education by examining the response of institutions to 27 quality audits and 19 follow-up interviews. Discusses the relationship between top-down and bottom-up approaches to internal quality assurance and suggests that, with growing professionalization, more limited result-oriented audits…

Nilsson, Karl-Axel; Wahlen, Staffan

2000-01-01

102

Legal Implications of Models of Individual and Group Treatment by Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although medical malpractice suits are based on a model of treatment of an individual by a professional, educational malpractice suits are based on a group treatment model. When the medical model and the teaching model are compared, the contrasts are so great that medical malpractice principles are not a reliable guide to the emerging law of…

Lynch, Patrick D.

103

Legal Implications of Models of Individual and Group Treatment by Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although medical malpractice suits are based on a model of treatment of an individual by a professional, educational malpractice suits are based on a group treatment model. When the medical model and the teaching model are compared, the contrasts are so great that medical malpractice principles are not a reliable guide to the emerging law of…

Lynch, Patrick D.

104

The Professional Development of Teachers in Higher Education: Structures, Methods and Responsibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of professional development for teachers in higher education highlights developing professional practice, including the Kolb Learning Cycle; the elements of professional development; the Staff and Educational Development Association (SEDA) accreditation scheme in the United Kingdom; essential processes and structures for professional

Beaty, Liz

1998-01-01

105

Using the Reflective Teaching Model in a Yearlong Professional Development: A Case Study of a Second Year Urban Elementary Teacher  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the change in a third grade teacher (Jennifer) who engaged in a year-long professional development model during her second year of teaching in an urban district. In particular, she embraced the Reflective Teaching Model (RTM) which was unique to this professional development. Jennifer and nine other teachers from her school participated in 120 hours of professional development

Molly Weinburgh

106

A pharmacist model of perceived responsibility for drug therapy outcomes.  

PubMed

Pharmacists in community and ambulatory care settings are in a unique position to reduce drug-related morbidity and to optimize patient outcomes by identifying, resolving, and preventing drug therapy problems. This particular approach to pharmacy practice expands traditional pharmacist responsibilities of dispensing pharmaceuticals and providing drug information to optimizing patients' drug therapy outcomes. However, pharmacists in general, and community pharmacists in particular, have yet to incorporate this expanded professional role into daily practice. The objective of this study was to examine the validity of a pharmacist model of perceived responsibility for drug therapy outcomes based on the triangle model of responsibility. A survey instrument was tested among community and ambulatory care pharmacists in Florida, USA. The survey instrument contained the following pharmacist-related constructs from the model: clarity of standards, personal control, professional duty, and perceived responsibility for drug therapy outcomes. The model was examined by testing hypothesized relationships between the model constructs and pharmacists' reports of providing pharmaceutical care. The survey response rate was 40.9% (525/1283). All of the study measures exhibited Cronbach alpha values greater than .70. A measurement model was tested using confirmatory factor analysis. The chi2/df ratio (3.02), CFI (.95), and residual (.051) indicated a good fit of the item data to the constructs. According to path analysis, clarity of standards, personal control, and professional duty were significantly related to perceived responsibility for drug therapy outcomes, which in turn, was significantly related to pharmaceutical care provision. Perceived responsibility for drug therapy outcomes acted as a mediator of the effects of clarity of standards, personal control, and professional duty on pharmaceutical care provision. These findings have implications for pharmacy practice and research. PMID:15748686

Planas, Lourdes G; Kimberlin, Carole L; Segal, Richard; Brushwood, David B; Hepler, Charles D; Schlenker, Barry R

2004-12-09

107

Self-Managed Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assuming responsibility for one's continuing education is the obligation of each professional. Continuing education does not provide adequate structure for individual development. However, some models have surfaced which enable individuals to examine, plan, and evaluate their continuing professional development needs; these include self-assessment…

Rosenfield, Sylvia

1981-01-01

108

Body image concerns in professional fashion models: are they really an at-risk group?  

PubMed

Although professional models are thought to be a high-risk group for body image concerns, only a handful of studies have empirically investigated this possibility. The present study sought to overcome this dearth of information by comparing professional models and a matched sample on key indices of body image and appeared-related concerns. A group of 52 professional fashion models was compared with a matched sample of 51 non-models from London, England, on indices of weight discrepancy, body appreciation, social physique anxiety, body dissatisfaction, drive for thinness, internalization of sociocultural messages about appearance, and dysfunctional investment in appearance. Results indicated that professional models only evidenced significantly higher drive for thinness and dysfunctional investment in appearance than the control group. Greater duration of engagement as a professional model was associated with more positive body appreciation but also greater drive for thinness. These results indicate that models, who are already underweight, have a strong desire to maintain their low body mass or become thinner. Taken together, the present results suggest that interventions aimed at promoting healthy body image among fashion models may require different strategies than those aimed at the general population. PMID:23017651

Swami, Viren; Szmigielska, Emilia

2012-09-25

109

Unitary Response Regression Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The dependent variable in a regular linear regression is a numerical variable, and in a logistic regression it is a binary or categorical variable. In these models the dependent variable has varying values. However, there are problems yielding an identity output of a constant value which can also be modelled in a linear or logistic regression with…

Lipovetsky, S.

2007-01-01

110

A Model of Clinical Supervision for Preservice Professionals in Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors present a model of clinical supervision to guide preservice professionals embarking on a career in early intervention and early childhood special education. Established models of clinical supervision in the general education field are described, followed by a description of the clinical supervision model used by the University of…

Clifford, Jantina R.; Macy, Marisa G.; Albi, Linda D.; Bricker, Diane D.; Rahn, Naomi L.

2005-01-01

111

A Model of Professional Development for Practicing Genetic Counselors: Adaptation of Communication Skills Training in Oncology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ongoing professional development for practicing genetic counselors is critical in maintaining best practice. Communication\\u000a skills training (CST) workshops for doctors in oncology, utilizing trained actors in role plays, have been implemented for\\u000a many years to improve patient-centred communication. This model was adapted to provide professional development in counseling\\u000a skills for practicing genetic counselors, already highly trained in counseling skills. Detailed

Kate L. Dunlop; Kristine Barlow-Stewart; Phyllis Butow; Paul Heinrich

2011-01-01

112

Tools for tomorrow's health care system: a systems-informed mental model, moral imagination, and physicians' professionalism.  

PubMed

Physician educators have been charged with incorporating systems-based approaches into medical education and residency training to help future physicians understand how their ability to provide high-quality health care depends on other individual and organizational stakeholders with whom and, in some cases, for whom they work. In part, this also requires that physicians accept that they have responsibilities to various system stakeholders. These changes are controversial because some fear they might distract physicians from their primary ethical obligation to their patients. However, systems theories and their applications in organizational management and business ethics support the notions that individuals can maintain primary professional ethical obligations while working within complex systems and that organizational systems can be constructed to support individual professional practice. If physicians are to commit to working within and, ultimately, improving systems of care as part of their ethical practice of medicine, then they will need a new mental model. Leading thinkers have used various models of systems and have highlighted different aspects of systems theories in describing organizations, groups of organizations, and organizational processes. This essay draws from these models some basic concepts and elements and introduces a simple but comprehensive mental model of systems for physicians. If it is used with professionalism and moral imagination, physicians might have a tool that they can use to understand, work with, and, ultimately, improve the systems of care that they rely on in their practice of medicine and that critically affect the welfare of their patients. PMID:18667882

Chen, Donna T; Mills, Ann E; Werhane, Patricia H

2008-08-01

113

A Selected Annotated Bibliography of Professional Ethics and Social Responsibility in Engineering.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This annotated bibliography contains 536 citations of documents, including newsletters, directories, journals, texts, bibliographies, and proceedings. Under the heading of professional ethics, such topics as professionalism in engineering, bribes and kick...

R. F. Ladenson J. Choromokos E. d'Anjou M. Pimsler H. Rosen

1980-01-01

114

The University of Wyoming Early Childhood Summer Institute: A Model for Professional Development that Leads to Changes in Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the greatest challenges we face as an early childhood professional community is providing short-term, affordable professional development that results in depth of understanding and change of practice. The University of Wyoming Early Childhood Summer Institute is a model for professional development that fosters reflection, inquiry, and change in beliefs and practice for early childhood practitioners. The 3-day Institute

Michelle L. Buchanan; Michael Morgan; Margaret Cooney; Mitch Gerharter

2006-01-01

115

Model refinement using transient response  

SciTech Connect

A method is presented for estimating uncertain or unknown parameters in a mathematical model using measurements of transient response. The method is based on a least squares formulation in which the differences between the model and test-based responses are minimized. An application of the method is presented for a nonlinear structural dynamic system. The method is also applied to a model of the Department of Energy armored tractor trailer. For the subject problem, the transient response was generated by driving the vehicle over a bump of prescribed shape and size. Results from the analysis and inspection of the test data revealed that a linear model of the vehicle`s suspension is not adequate to accurately predict the response caused by the bump.

Dohrmann, C.R.; Carne, T.G.

1997-12-01

116

[Professional quality of life in the clinical governance model of Asturias (Spain).  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate professional quality of life in our clinical governance model by comparing differences according to the time since the model's implementation (1-3 years) and the setting (primary or hospital care). METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed. The 35-item, anonymous, self-administered Professional Quality of Life Questionnaire, with three additional questions, was applied. A minimum sample size for each clinical governance unit/area (CGU/CGA) was calculated. Descriptive, univariate and bivariate analyses were performed using the 35 items separately. The subscales of «management support», «workload» and «intrinsic motivation» were used as dependant variables, and the setting and time since implementation of the CGU/CGA as independent variables. RESULTS: Of the study population of 2572 professionals, 1395 (54%) responded (67% in primary care and 51% in hospital care). A total of 87% had been working for 5 years or more in their positions. Thirty-three percent had worked for less than a year in clinical governance. The item with the highest score was job training (8.39±1.42) and that with the lowest was conflicts with peers (3.23±2.2). Primary healthcare professionals showed better results in management support and quality of life at work and hospital professionals in workload. The clinical governance model obtained the best scores at 3 years and the worst at 1 year. These differences were especially favorable for clinical governance in hospitals: professionals working longer perceived a lower workload and more intrinsic motivation and quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: A longer time working in the clinical governance model was associated with better perception of professional quality of life, especially in hospital care. PMID:23478122

Díaz Corte, Carmen; Suárez Álvarez, Oscar; Fueyo Gutiérrez, Alejandra; Mola Caballero de Rodas, Pablo; Rancaño García, Iván; Sánchez Fernández, Ana María; Suárez Gutiérrez, Rebeca; Díaz Vázquez, Carlos

2013-03-01

117

A professional development model for medical laboratory scientists working in the microbiology laboratory.  

PubMed

The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Division of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine is committed to providing the best pathology and medicine through: state-of-the art techniques, progressive ground-breaking research, education and training for the clinical diagnosis and research of cancer and related diseases. After surveying the laboratory staff and other hospital professionals, the Department administrators and Human Resource generalists developed a professional development model for Microbiology to support laboratory skills, behavior, certification, and continual education within its staff. This model sets high standards for the laboratory professionals to allow the labs to work at their fullest potential; it provides organization to training technologists based on complete laboratory needs instead of training technologists in individual areas in which more training is required if the laboratory needs them to work in other areas. This model is a working example for all microbiology based laboratories who want to set high standards and want their staff to be acknowledged for demonstrated excellence and professional development in the laboratory. The PDM model is designed to focus on the needs of the laboratory as well as the laboratory professionals. PMID:22693775

Amerson, Megan H; Pulido, Lila; Garza, Melinda N; Ali, Faheem A; Greenhill, Brandy; Einspahr, Christopher L; Yarsa, Joseph; Sood, Pramilla K; Hu, Peter C

2012-01-01

118

An Evidence-Based Model of Effective Self-Assessment for Directing Professional Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

An innovative model for conducting meaningful self-assessments is presented to help oral health care professionals efficiently determine what to learn with the goal of remaining competent. A review and analysis of the literature drawing from several databases was conducted to develop the model. Through this process, we identified four key categories: prerequisite competencies, process, applications, and tools that are suggested

Joanna Asadoorian; Helen P. Batty

2005-01-01

119

Health librarians: developing professional competence through a 'legitimate peripheral participation' model.  

PubMed

This feature considers the legitimate peripheral participation model in developing professional competencies in health librarianship. It is described how this model was used in the development of a framework for mapping and recognising the competencies gained by new health librarians at the Royal Free Hospital Medical Library. HS. PMID:22051132

Clarke, Sara; Thomas, Zoe

2011-09-07

120

Level Models of Continuing Professional Development Evaluation: A Grounded Review and Critique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Continuing professional development (CPD) evaluation in education has been heavily influenced by "level models", deriving from the work of Kirkpatrick and Guskey in particular, which attempt to trace the processes through which CPD interventions achieve outcomes. This paper considers the strengths and limitations of such models, and in particular…

Coldwell, Mike; Simkins, Tim

2011-01-01

121

Flexible Programmes in Higher Professional Education: Expert Validation of a Flexible Educational Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a preceding case study, a process-focused demand-driven approach for organising flexible educational programmes in higher professional education (HPE) was developed. Operations management and instructional design contributed to designing a flexible educational model by means of discrete-event simulation. Educational experts validated the model

Schellekens, Ad; Paas, Fred; Verbraeck, Alexander; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2010-01-01

122

A Professional Development Model: Building Word Knowledge for Middle Level Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents a professional development model to support the implementation of word study in the middle school grades. The first section provides a rationale and considerations for the model. The following section discusses the theory and instructional methods of word study focusing on word sorting and word hunts. To confirm the…

McCord, Kathryn L.

2009-01-01

123

Flexible Programmes in Higher Professional Education: Expert Validation of a Flexible Educational Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a preceding case study, a process-focused demand-driven approach for organising flexible educational programmes in higher professional education (HPE) was developed. Operations management and instructional design contributed to designing a flexible educational model by means of discrete-event simulation. Educational experts validated the model

Schellekens, Ad; Paas, Fred; Verbraeck, Alexander; van Merrienboer, Jeroen J. G.

2010-01-01

124

Implementing a New Model for Teachers' Professional Learning in Papua New Guinea  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article reports on a study that investigates the possibilities of developing a professional learning model based on action research that could lead to sustained improvements in teaching and learning in schools in remote areas of Papua New Guinea. The issues related to the implementation of this model are discussed using a critical lens that…

Honan, Eileen; Evans, Terry; Muspratt, Sandy; Paraide, Patricia; Reta, Medi; Baroutsis, Aspa

2012-01-01

125

A model for professional development: The process and plan for all staff at Baker College (Michigan)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative case study had a two-part purpose: (1) to initiate, investigate, design, develop and implement a comprehensive, collaborative, professional development model for personnel at Baker College, a private, four year business college system in Michigan and (2) to evaluate the model in terms of its potential for adoption and\\/or adaptation.^ The data came from: (1) a study of the

Julianne Tena Nelsen Princinsky

1992-01-01

126

A Semantic and Multidisciplinary Model for Professional and Social Networks Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

By bridge-building between the classical models of social networks analysis, ontologies engineering and physics, our work defines a multidisciplinary model of professional social networks analysis, dedicated to human and social capital management in enterprises and institutions. We introduce a semantic process of social graphs static and dynamic analysis, based on the enterprise content and producing decisional tools for the performance

Christophe Thovex; Francky Trichet

2011-01-01

127

Defining Professional Practice: The Evolution of the RANA Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nurse leaders are reengineering delivery systems to respond to the changing health care environment and new health care values of quality, service, and reduced costs. By restructuring models of care and nursing positions, organizations are creating an improved environment of care for patients and the community. The authors describe the development and implementation of a patient-centered care model They also

Janice K. Bultema; Mary Kay Getzfrid; Maureen Slade

1996-01-01

128

The Physical Education Profession and Its Professional Responsibility... or... Why "12 Weeks Paid Holiday" Will Never Be Enough  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: This paper critically reviews the concept of "professional responsibility" in physical education. The paper is rooted in the belief that the physical education profession has, by virtue of its expertise in young people and physical activity, the potential to deliver a broad range of desirable educational and health-related outcomes.…

Armour, Kathleen M.

2010-01-01

129

Community College Vice Presidents for Institutional Advancement: Role Expectations, Fundraising Responsibilities, Professional Relationships, and Commitment to the Institution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined how the role expectations, responsibilities toward fundraising, and professional relationships by the vice president of institutional advancement influenced commitment to the institution. A qualitative analysis was conducted across the mid-Atlantic region by interviewing community college vice presidents of institutional…

Ciampa, Donna Lynn

2009-01-01

130

Heterosexism and School Psychologists: Conflicts, Multicultural Sensitivity, and Preferred Professional Responsibility When Working with Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Questioning Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

School psychologists are ethically and professionally responsible for possessing and developing appropriate attitudes, knowledge, sensitivities, and skills for work with sexual minority students. The purpose of this current study was to survey school psychologists' actual and desired post-certification training for work with LGBQ youth, their perceptions of their knowledge of LGBQ issues, and their perceived need for additional training for

Elyse Bensusan

2011-01-01

131

The Physical Education Profession and Its Professional Responsibility... or... Why "12 Weeks Paid Holiday" Will Never Be Enough  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This paper critically reviews the concept of "professional responsibility" in physical education. The paper is rooted in the belief that the physical education profession has, by virtue of its expertise in young people and physical activity, the potential to deliver a broad range of desirable educational and health-related outcomes.…

Armour, Kathleen M.

2010-01-01

132

Second Response to "The Teacher as a Service Professional," by Donald A. Myers: The Case of the Lost Forest  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This response to Myers's concept of the teacher as a service professional considers each of his positions in analogy form. With support from the literature from education and elsewhere, the article maintains that teaching is a profession and that it matters greatly to teachers and society that it be strengthened as such. Examples are offered…

Mendoza, Charlotte

2008-01-01

133

Interdisciplinary In?service at the University: a participatory case?based model for professional development  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Participatory Case?Based Model for Professional Development is an in?service model which is useful across the human service disciplines (social work, occupational therapy, public health, special education, early childhood and family education). In the model, participants enrolled in a graduate course engage in dialogue and perspective?taking, through case analysis and case writing. Using grounded theory and inductive data analyses, the

Helen L. Carlson; Elizabeth Quintero; Joan Karp

1998-01-01

134

Boyer's Model of Scholarly Nursing Applied to Professional Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scholarship in nursing often is difficult to define and identify, but it is an important element in nursing. Scholars are needed in every practice setting to question the status quo and pursue fresh approaches to issues. This article examines Boyer's revised model of scholarship, which uses paradigms of discovery, integration, application, and teaching. Knowledge dissemination is emphasized as an important

Tess Pape

2000-01-01

135

University/School District Partnership in Professional Development: A Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes the formal partnership between the Ann Arbor (Michigan) School District and the Department of Curriculum and Instruction at Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, for the planning and implementation of an inservice training program that has evolved into a model for flexible staff development. (Author/WD)|

Hanes, Madlyn Levine; And Others

1982-01-01

136

The Evolving European Model of Professional Sports Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The sports business in Europe has been recently altered by a court decision granting greater freedom to players in the labor market. Also, the televising of major sporting events has become more popular, generating big increases in revenues to many clubs. These and other developments are transforming methods of financing sports operations. This article examines and compares four models of

Wladimir Andreff; Paul D. Staudohar

2000-01-01

137

A process model in continuing professional development: Exploring diagnostic radiographers’ views  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is based on an exploratory, interpretative grounded theory study that looked at practitioners’ perceptions of continuing professional development (CPD) in diagnostic radiography in the UK. Using a combination of in-depth interviews and secondary analysis of published material, a dynamic CPD process model was generated. The study aimed to explore what radiographers understood by the term CPD and whether

Suzanne M. Henwood; Ann Taket

2008-01-01

138

Professional Development Training Needs of Department Chairpersons: A Test of the Biglan Model.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This test of the Biglan model demonstrated that differences did exist on certain tasks for clusters of department chairpersons. The tasks identified for each cluster represent professional development needs common to all chairs in the cluster and different from the needs of chairs in the other clusters. (Author/IRT)

Creswell, John W.; And Others

1979-01-01

139

The Arctic Climate Modeling Program: K-12 Geoscience Professional Development for Rural Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

Helping teachers and students connect with scientists is the heart of the Arctic Climate Modeling Program (ACMP), funded from 2005-09 by the National Science Foundation's Innovative Technology Experience for Students and Teachers. ACMP offered progressive yearlong science, technology and math (STM) professional development that prepared teachers to train youth in workforce technologies used in Arctic research. ACMP was created for

K. B. Bertram

2009-01-01

140

Developing a Profitability Model for Professional Sport Leagues: The Case of the National Hockey League  

Microsoft Academic Search

Escalating costs in professional sport, increased competition from entertainment alternatives, and a recent labor dispute in the National Hockey League (NHL) provide the impetus to study the underlying structure of team profitability. Thecurrent study takes advantage of this opportunity by developing and testing a profitability model for NHL teams based on the underlying premise that there are multiple determinants to

John Nadeau; Norm OReilly

2006-01-01

141

A Successful Professional Development Model in Mathematics: A System-Wide New Zealand Case  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The design and implementation of the professional development model of the New Zealand Numeracy Development Project has been successful in improving teacher knowledge and practice as well as raising student outcomes. Since 2000, more than 25,000 teachers in English-medium settings have participated in the project. In New Zealand the terms…

Higgins, Joanna; Parsons, Ro

2009-01-01

142

An Analysis of Academic Research Libraries Assessment Data: A Look at Professional Models and Benchmarking Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research provides the first review of publicly available assessment information found on Association of Research Libraries (ARL) members' websites. After providing an overarching review of benchmarking assessment data, and of professionally recommended assessment models, this paper examines if libraries contextualized their assessment…

Lewin, Heather S.; Passonneau, Sarah M.

2012-01-01

143

Professional Development Schools: A Model for Effective P-16 Physical Education Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to describe the defining characteristics of an effective professional development school (PDS) model in physical education. The article outlines what a PDS is, discusses the defining characteristics of a current physical education PDS, and provides suggestions for implementation by other universities and P-12 schools…

Pellett, Heidi Henschel; Pellett, Tracy

2009-01-01

144

Integrating Professional and Folk Models of HIV Risk: YMSM's Perceptions of High-Risk Sex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Risks associated with HIV are well documented in research literature. Although a great deal has been written about high-risk sex, little research has been conducted to examine how young men who have sex with men (YMSM) perceive and define high-risk sexual behavior. In this study, we compare the "professional" and "folk" models of HIV risk based…

Kubicek, Katrina; Carpineto, Julie; McDavitt, Bryce; Weiss, George; Iverson, Ellen F.; Au, Chi-Wai; Kerrone, Dustin; Martinez, Miguel; Kipke, Michele D.

2008-01-01

145

The Effect of a Mentoring Model for Elementary Science Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study describes an elementary science model of professional development through mentoring by university science education professors working with teachers at a private elementary school in a regional city in Queensland, Australia. A cross-cultural collaboration involving professors from the United States and Australia resulted in the…

Koch, Janice; Appleton, Ken

2007-01-01

146

Role modeling in physicians' professional formation: reconsidering an essential but untapped educational strategy.  

PubMed

Forming technically proficient, professional, and humanistic physicians for the 21st century is no easy task. Mountains of biomedical knowledge must be acquired, diagnostic competence achieved, effective communication skills developed, and a solid and applicable understanding of the practice and role of physicians in society today must be reached. The central experience for learners in this complex and challenging terrain is the "modeling of" and "learning how to be" a caregiver and health professional. Role modeling remains one crucial area where standards are elusive and where repeated negative learning experiences may adversely impact the development of professionalism in medical students and residents. The literature is mainly descriptive, defining the attributes of good role models from both learners and practitioners' perspectives. Because physicians are not "playing a role" as an actor might, but "embodying" different types of roles, the cognitive and behavioral processes associated with successfully internalizing roles (e.g., the good doctor/medical educator) are important. In this article, the authors identify foundational questions regarding role models and professional character formation; describe major social and historical reasons for inattention to character formation in new physicians; draw insights about this important area from ethics and education theory (philosophical inquiry, apprenticeship, situated learning, observational learning, reflective practice); and suggest the practical consequences of this work for faculty recruitment, affirmation, and development. PMID:14660418

Kenny, Nuala P; Mann, Karen V; MacLeod, Heather

2003-12-01

147

Integrating Professional and Folk Models of HIV Risk: YMSM's Perceptions of High-Risk Sex  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Risks associated with HIV are well documented in research literature. Although a great deal has been written about high-risk sex, little research has been conducted to examine how young men who have sex with men (YMSM) perceive and define high-risk sexual behavior. In this study, we compare the "professional" and "folk" models of HIV risk based on…

Kubicek, Katrina; Carpineto, Julie; McDavitt, Bryce; Weiss, George; Iverson, Ellen F.; Au, Chi-Wai; Kerrone, Dustin; Martinez, Miguel; Kipke, Michele D.

2008-01-01

148

Project Texas: A Nontraditional Teacher Professional Development Model for Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Project Texas is a professional development program for K-8 teachers from districts serving underrepresented populations in order to develop teacher knowledge of Texas' eco-regions. The program provides a meaningful context modeling integration of field experiences, investigative activities, problem-solving strategies, and cooperative learning…

Desjean-Perrotta, Blanche; Buehler, Deborah

2000-01-01

149

An investigation of a professional development model in science education: A systems approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mathematics and Science Cooperative (MSEC), a four year longevity model of professional development education for in-service teachers, is closely aligned with the spirit and tenets of science for all. This partnership of a university, a school district, and a higher education coordinating board, seeks to promote and improve science and mathematics achievement for underserved and underrepresented populations. This study

Glenda Love Bell

1999-01-01

150

Applying a Cognitive-Affective Model of Conceptual Change to Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated Gregoire's (2003) Cognitive-Affective Conceptual Change model (CAMCC) for predicting and assessing conceptual change in science teachers engaged in a long-term professional development project set in a large school district in the southwestern United States. A multiple case study method with data from three teacher…

Ebert, Ellen K.; Crippen, Kent J.

2010-01-01

151

Respecting the Dual Sided Identity of Clinical Pastoral Education and Professional Chaplaincy: The Phenomenological Research Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

The question discussed in this volume opens a debate on what kind of scientific research model should be used by professional chaplaincy and Clinical Pastoral Education (CPE). The problem begins with the assumption that “becoming more scientific” means using the natural sciences approach employed by psychology; an approach unsuitable to account for factors relative to faith, spiritual and religious issues.

Marie-Line Morin

2002-01-01

152

Developing a Laboratory Model for the Professional Preparation of Future Science Teachers: A Situated Cognition Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although laboratory activities are widely acknowledged as being fundamental to the teaching of science, many secondary science school teachers have limited knowledge of how to design and run effective teaching laboratories. Utilising a situated cognition theoretical framework, we discuss our collaborative efforts to develop a laboratory based model for the professional preparation of secondary level science teachers. Findings from the

Aldrin E. Sweeney; Jeffrey A. Paradis

2004-01-01

153

Supporting Teachers' Professional Learning at a Distance: A Model for Change in At-Risk Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper examines the effectiveness of a professional learning model developed to support early years teachers in rural and remote communities in Queensland as they began to implement the Australian Curriculum in Mathematics. The data are drawn from 35 teachers at the initial stage of a large, four year longitudinal study RoleM…

Warren, Elizabeth A.; Quine, Janine; DeVries, Eva

2012-01-01

154

Utilizing the ACUHO-I Professional Standards: A Model for Organizational Review and Program Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents a model utilized by the Office of Residence Life at Southeast Missouri State University (SEMO) to assess its operation during the 1984-85 academic year. An external review committee utilized the recently published Professional Standards of the Association of College and University Housing Officers-International (ACUHO-I) as a basis for…

Fisher, Roger; And Others

1986-01-01

155

The Congruence between Industry Demand and Professional School Response in Architecture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought insight into the congruence between knowledge, skills and attitudes required by architecture practitioners and the benefits of professional school education. Twenty-four senior architects from Los Angeles architecture firms and 11 professional school deans and faculty members from the Graduate School of Architecture and Urban…

Hansen, Ronald

156

How Professionally Relevant Can Language Tests Be?: A Response to Wette (2011)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recently published article "English Proficiency Tests and Communication Skills Training for Overseas-Qualified Health Professionals in Australia and New Zealand" (Wette, 2011) aims to address perceived problems and misconceptions associated with the testing of English language skills and professional communicative competence of…

Pill, John; Woodward-Kron, Robyn

2012-01-01

157

Salivary immunoglobulin A responses in professional top-level futsal players.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate the responses of salivary immunoglobulin A (SIgA) in 10 professional top-level Brazilian futsal players after 2 highly competitive games separated by 7 days. Unstimulated saliva was collected over a 5-minute period at PRE- and POST-match. The SIgA was measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and expressed as the absolute concentration (SIgAabs) and secretion rate of IgA (SIgArate). Rate of perceived exertion and heart rate were used to monitor the exercise intensity. A 2-way analysis of variance with repeated measures showed nonsignificant differences between matches to SIgAabs, SIgArate, and saliva flow rate (p > 0.05). However, significant time differences were observed for all these parameters. In summary, we showed that a competitive training match induced a decrease in SIgA levels in top-level futsal players, which suggests an increment of the vulnerability to infections meditated by the training stimulus. This decrease suggests that the athletes were at an increased risk of developing an upper respiratory tract infection, and therefore, it could be necessary to take protective actions to minimize contact with cold viruses or even reduce the training load for athletes. PMID:21490511

Moreira, Alexandre; Arsati, Franco; de Oliveira Lima-Arsati, Ynara Bosco; de Freitas, Camila Gobo; de Araújo, Vera Cavalcanti

2011-07-01

158

[Professional responsibility in surgery and informed consent. Reflections of a clinical surgeon.  

PubMed

The medico-legal conflict especially against the surgical profession is reaching ever higher levels, such as to make consider threatened the choice for surgery of the future generations. Surgery is an Art characterized by enthusiasm and entrepreneurship chosen on the basis of a genuine vocation, but nowadays becomes increasingly prey to indirect interests, with profound negative influence on the serenity of its operators. The current legislation, for civil controversies exposes the surgeons to a presumptive judgment of guilt unless the demonstration with proofs of wrong claims, and even from television screens come daily suggestions and incitements to carry out claims also if related to the last ten years of treatments received, if someone suspects or considers to have been object of "malpractice", and particularly without payment for promoters of the shares for lawyers and medico-legal specialists. We try to analyze the situation as objectively as possible, highlighting the inconsistencies and illusions for the rules alleged to protect both the patient and the surgeon, emphasizing instead the responsibilities of different professional groups, while not denying the need for full commitment of surgeons to operate with prudence, diligence and competence. PMID:23059417

Picardi, Nicola

2012-09-01

159

A skew item response model  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a new skew-probit link for item response theory (IRT) by considering an\\u000aaccumulated skew-normal distribution. The model extends the symmetric probit-normal IRT\\u000amodel by considering a new item (or skewness) parameter for the item characteristic curve.\\u000aA special interpretation is given for this parameter, and a latent linear structure is\\u000aindicated for the model when an augmented likelihood

Jorge L. Bazán; Márcia D. Branco; Heleno Bolfarine

2006-01-01

160

A Beta Item Response Model for Continuous Bounded Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An item response model is proposed for the analysis of continuous response formats in an item response theory (IRT) framework. With such formats, respondents are asked to report their response as a mark on a fixed-length graphical segment whose ends are labeled with extreme responses. An interpolation process is proposed as the response mechanism…

Noel, Yvonnick; Dauvier, Bruno

2007-01-01

161

A Measurement Model for Likert Responses that Incorporates Response Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a model for response times that is proposed as a supplement to the usual factor-analytic model for responses to graded or more continuous typical-response items. The use of the proposed model together with the factor model provides additional information about the respondent and can potentially increase the accuracy of the…

Ferrando, Pere J.; Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano

2007-01-01

162

[ASO-TSO, emergency interventions: has anything changed? Old and new psychiatrist's professional responsibilities].  

PubMed

The Law 833 of 1978 on the subject of psychiatric emergency treatments in absence of consensus has contributed to grant mental patients equal guaranties and equal constitutional rights which, until that moment, they had been denied. This standpoint includes TSO in favor of mental patients. Ordered by the constitutional laws which guarantee a person's inviolable rights, TSO finds itself positioned between individual freedom and the freedom of treatment on the one hand, and the right to safeguard health on the other hand. The procedure of TSO is noticeable in its various phases so as to provide for the various levels of safeguarding a person who is temporarily deprived of the capacity to express valid consensus. On the other side it also has a certain amount of flexibility in its application, which guarantees adaptability of the norm in various contexts and various incidental situations. Nevertheless, the complexity of the law on TSO, as well as the interpretation margins of the procedure have contributed to the creation of an application frame which is not free of criticism. In this context, the recommendations of the Conference of Regions and Autonomous Provinces have particular importance. These recommendations deserve careful analysis, both for the presence of elements of novelty (in the very particular cases of TSO for children under 18 and TSO for decisionally impaired subjects) and for the reminder of the full application of "non-hospitalized TSO". The latter was provided for in Law 833/78 but has never been adequately and completely adopted because it has never been explained in its concrete applicability. Therefore, bearing in mind the already known responsibility of a psychiatrist in an emergency case, and with renewed interest in new medical performance a psychiatrist of public service has to guarantee, we are preparing to give our contribution on the subject of professional obligations at a historical moment in which known trials seem to assign the responsibility for the "dangerousness" of a mental patient to the psychiatrist. PMID:23023079

Carabellese, Felice; Taratufolo, Rosa; Candelli, Chiara; Grattagliano, Ignazio; La Tegola, Donatella

163

Generalized Quantitative Randomized Response Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In this study we proposed a generalized extension of Ryu et al. (2005) randomized response model (RRM) to estimate the mean of a sensitive quantitative variable. It has been shown that the proposed estimator has advantages over the estimators of Ryu et al. (2005) in terms of efficiency as well as the privacy protection. We also studied the performance

Zawar Hussain; Javid Shabbir

164

Bifactor Item Response Theory Model of Acute Stress Response  

PubMed Central

Background Better understanding of acute stress responses is important for revision of DSM-5. However, the latent structure and relationship between different aspects of acute stress responses haven’t been clarified comprehensively. Bifactor item response model may help resolve this problem. Objective The purpose of this study is to develop a statistical model of acute stress responses, based on data from earthquake rescuers using Acute Stress Response Scale (ASRS). Through this model, we could better understand acute stress responses comprehensively, and provide preliminary information for computerized adaptive testing of stress responses. Methods Acute stress responses of earthquake rescuers were evaluated using ASRS, and state/trait anxiety were assessed using State-trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). A hierarchical item response model (bifactor model) was used to analyze the data. Additionally, we tested this hierarchical model with model fit comparisons with one-dimensional and five-dimensional models. The correlations among acute stress responses and state/trait anxiety were compared, based on both the five-dimensional and bifactor models. Results Model fit comparisons showed bifactor model fit the data best. Item loadings on general and specific factors varied greatly between different aspects of stress responses. Many symptoms (40%) of physiological responses had positive loadings on general factor, and negative loadings on specific factor of physiological responses, while other stress responses had positive loadings on both general and specific factors. After extracting general factor of stress responses using bifactor analysis, significant positive correlations between physiological responses and state/trait anxiety (r?=?0.185/0.112, p<0.01) changed into negative ones (r?=??0.177/?0.38, p<0.01). Conclusion Our results demonstrated bifactor structure of acute stress responses, and positive and negative correlations between physiological responses and stress responses suggested physiological responses could have negative feedback on severity of stress responses. This finding has not been convincingly demonstrated in previous research.

Zhang, Ying; Jiang, Yuan; Tang, Jingjing; Zhu, Xia; Miao, Danmin

2013-01-01

165

A Mixed Effects Randomized Item Response Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The randomized response technique ensures that individual item responses, denoted as true item responses, are randomized before observing them and so-called randomized item responses are observed. A relationship is specified between randomized item response data and true item response data. True item response data are modeled with a (non)linear…

Fox, J.-P.; Wyrick, Cheryl

2008-01-01

166

Literacy Coaching as a Component of Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Current debates concerning effective professional development for teachers of early reading have focused on the potential benefits of a literacy coach in providing sustained support and guidance for teachers' learning from a professional development program. In this study, we compare the response of first-grade teachers to a model of professional

Carlisle, Joanne F.; Berebitsky, Dan

2011-01-01

167

A novel model of integrated care for the elderly: COPA, Coordination of Professional Care for the Elderly.  

PubMed

Despite strong evidence for the efficacy of integrated systems, securing the participation of health professionals, particularly primary care physicians (PCPs), has proven difficult. Novel approaches are needed to resolve these problems. We developed a model - COPA - that is based on scientific evidence and an original design process in which health professionals, including PCPs, and managers participated actively. COPA targets very frail community-dwelling elders recruited through their PCP. It was designed to provide a better fit between the services provided and the needs of the elderly in order to reduce excess healthcare use, including unnecessary emergency room (ER) visits and hospitalizations, and prevent inappropriate long-term nursing home placements. The model's originality lies in: 1) having reinforced the role played by the PCP, which includes patient recruitment and care plan development; 2) having integrated health professionals into a multidisciplinary primary care team that includes case managers who collaborate closely with the PCP to perform a geriatric assessment (InterRAI MDS-HC) and implement care management programs; and 3) having integrated primary medical care and specialized care by introducing geriatricians into the community to see patients in their homes and organize direct hospitalizations while maintaining the PCP responsibility for medical decisions. Since COPA is currently the subject of both a quasi-experimental study and a qualitative study, we are also providing preliminary findings. These findings suggest that the model is feasible and well accepted by PCPs and patients. Moreover, our results indicate that the level of service utilization in COPA was less than what is reported at the national level, without any compromises in quality of care. PMID:20154510

Vedel, Isabelle; De Stampa, Matthieu; Bergman, Howard; Ankri, Joel; Cassou, Bernard; Mauriat, Claire; Blanchard, François; Bagaragaza, Emmanuel; Lapointe, Liette

2009-12-01

168

How Do Chinese Public Service Professional Trainees Attribute Responsibility to Victims and Perpetrators of Violence Against Women?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two-hundred-and-twenty-five Chinese human service professional trainees (80 police trainees, 45 medical students, and 100 nursing students) participated in a study on responsibility attribution to violence against women (VAW). Results showed that compared to medical students and police trainees, nursing students had broader definitions of VAW, endorsed more liberal attitudes toward women, and perceived VAW as more prevalent and having more

Catherine So-kum Tang; Suet Yan Tam

2003-01-01

169

Peer Coaching as a Model for Professional Development in the Elementary Mathematics Context: Challenges, Needs and Rewards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As our knowledge about education continues to change, educators must refine and redefine their beliefs and teaching practices through professional development. In the peer coaching model of professional development, both participants have a chance to reflect on what they observe and on their own teaching practices. This reciprocal gain is one of…

Jao, Limin

2013-01-01

170

Peer Coaching as a Model for Professional Development in the Elementary Mathematics Context: Challenges, Needs and Rewards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As our knowledge about education continues to change, educators must refine and redefine their beliefs and teaching practices through professional development. In the peer coaching model of professional development, both participants have a chance to reflect on what they observe and on their own teaching practices. This reciprocal gain is one of…

Jao, Limin

2013-01-01

171

Teachers, Families, and Communities Supporting English Language Learners in Inclusive Pre-Kindergartens: An Evaluation of a Professional Development Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the "Teachers, Families, and Communities Supporting English Language Learners" (TFC) project was to implement and evaluate a sustainable model of high-quality professional development focused on improving inclusive pre-kindergarten services for English Language Learners (ELL) and their families. The professional development program…

Hardin, Belinda J.; Lower, Joanna K.; Smallwood, Gretchen Robinson; Chakravarthi, Swetha; Li, Linlin; Jordan, Carol

2010-01-01

172

A Multi-Year Study of the Impact of the Rice Model Teacher Professional Development on Elementary Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A teacher professional development program for in-service elementary school science teachers, the Rice Elementary Model Science Lab (REMSL), was developed for urban school districts serving predominately high-poverty, high-minority students. Teachers with diverse skills and science capacities came together in Professional Learning Communities,…

Diaconu, Dana Viorica; Radigan, Judy; Suskavcevic, Milijana; Nichol, Carolyn

2012-01-01

173

The Impact of Professional Development: A Theoretical Model for Empirical Research, Evaluation, Planning and Conducting Training and Development Programmes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper considers several trends in professional development programmes found internationally. The use of multiple learning approaches and of different modes and types of learning in PD is described. Various theories and models of evaluation are discussed in the light of common professional development activities. Several recommendations are…

Huber, Stephan Gerhard

2011-01-01

174

Teaching and Teaming More Responsively: Case Studies in Professional Growth at the Middle Level  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This case study examined the experiences of two middle level teachers as they worked with a literacy coach and university partners in an instructional improvement initiative. Robert and Janice worked together as a two-teacher team. Across the three years of the study, they collaborated with Melissa, the literacy coach, to integrate reading and writing across the curriculum and to create connections with reluctant students. Analysis of observations, interviews, and archival documents showed that professional growth accelerated with discussions of instructional practices and student performance, guided by informal assessments of student achievement. Patterns of professional growth and student accomplishment document the power of collaboration and suggest possibilities for supporting professional development more productively through interdisciplinary teamwork.

Strahan, David; Hedt, Melissa

2009-01-01

175

Internet adoption by Saudi public relations professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of individual, organizational, and social contexts on internet adoption by Saudi public relations professionals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using the diffusion of innovations model, this study investigates the responses of 354 Saudi public relations professionals to a survey about internet adoption in public relations-related tasks. Findings – The paper finds

Khalid Al-Shohaib; Ali A. J. Al-Kandari; Masaud A. Abdulrahim

2009-01-01

176

Conceptual Issues in Response-Time Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two different traditions of response-time (RT) modeling are reviewed: the tradition of distinct models for RTs and responses, and the tradition of model integration in which RTs are incorporated in response models or the other way around. Several conceptual issues underlying both traditions are made explicit and analyzed for their consequences. We…

van der Linden, Wim J.

2009-01-01

177

Situated Responses and Professional Development for Changing Student Demographics in the New Latino South  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes the outcomes and key elements of collaborative professional development on K-12 educators working to improve education of Latino and English learning students in a state with rapidly changing demographics. Across four years (2003-04 through 2006-07), 37 teams from 16 urban, suburban, and rural school districts in the state of…

Matthews, Paul H.; Portes, Pedro R.; Mellom, Paula J.

2010-01-01

178

Are health professionals responsible for the shortage of organs from deceased donors in Malaysia?  

PubMed

The rate of organ donations from deceased donors in Malaysia is among the lowest in the world. This may be because of the passivity among health professionals in approaching families of potential donors. A questionnaire-based study was conducted amongst health professionals in two tertiary hospitals in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Four hundred and sixty-two questionnaires were completed. 93.3% of health professionals acknowledged a need for organ transplantation in Malaysia. 47.8% were willing to donate their organs (with ethnic and religious differences). Factors which may be influencing the shortage of organs from deceased donors include: nonrecognition of brainstem death (38.5%), no knowledge on how to contact the Organ Transplant Coordinator (82.3%), and never approaching families of a potential donor (63.9%). There was a general attitude of passivity in approaching families of potential donors and activating transplant teams among many of the health professionals. A misunderstanding of brainstem death and its definition hinder identification of a potential donor. Continuing medical education and highlighting the role of the Organ Transplant Coordinator, as well as increasing awareness of the public through religion and the media were identified as essential in improving the rate of organ donations from deceased donors in Malaysia. PMID:23199156

Abidin, Zada L Zainal; Ming, Wee Tong; Loch, Alexander; Hilmi, Ida; Hautmann, Oliver

2012-12-03

179

“Well Enough to Execute”: The Health Professional's Responsibility to the Death Row Inmate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Capital punishment is one of the most controversial issues in America and also creates unique problems for the medical professionals who care for persons sentenced to death. An introductory true case vignette describes a death row inmate who overdosed on sedative medication 48 hours before his scheduled execution and was rushed to a university hospital for care. After treatment and

Eugene V. Boisaubin; Alexander G. Duarte; Patricia Blair; T. Howard Stone

2004-01-01

180

Skilling for the Workforce: A Tertiary Education Response to Enrich Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Tertiary educators are being directed by government policy: to develop a learning environment where participants become more than passive receivers of knowledge and to skill the workforce through technical skills and competency-based education. Professional development is needed for compliance, and to develop and maintain generic, productivity,…

Murphy, Gerald A.; Calway, Bruce A.

2008-01-01

181

Skilling for the Workforce: A tertiary education response to enrich professional development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tertiary educators are being directed by government policy: to develop a learning environment where participants become more than passive receivers of knowledge and to skill the workforce through technical skills and competency?based education. Professional development is needed for compliance, and to develop and maintain generic, productivity, and technical attributes relevant to the profession. Profession and career development, for continued employability

Gerald A. Murphy; Bruce A. Calway

2008-01-01

182

Patients' and professionals' understandings of the causes of chronic pain: Blame, responsibility and identity protection  

Microsoft Academic Search

A social constructionist analysis of how sense is made of the causes of chronic pain is reported. It is recognised that there is a multiplicity of stories available in any culture from which understanding can be reached. Q-factor analysis is used within a critical framework as Q-methodology. Sixty chronic pain patients and pain professionals completed the sorting procedure. Four factors

Chris Eccleston; Amanda C. De C. Williams; Wendy Stainton Rogers

1997-01-01

183

ePMV Embeds Molecular Modeling into Professional Animation Software Environments  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Increasingly complex research has made it more difficult to prepare data for publication, education, and outreach. Many scientists must also wade through black-box code to interface computational algorithms from diverse sources to supplement their bench work. To reduce these barriers, we have developed an open-source plug-in, embedded Python Molecular Viewer (ePMV), that runs molecular modeling software directly inside of professional 3D animation applications (hosts) to provide simultaneous access to the capabilities of these newly connected systems. Uniting host and scientific algorithms into a single interface allows users from varied backgrounds to assemble professional quality visuals and to perform computational experiments with relative ease. By enabling easy exchange of algorithms, ePMV can facilitate interdisciplinary research, smooth communication between broadly diverse specialties and provide a common platform to frame and visualize the increasingly detailed intersection(s) of cellular and molecular biology.

Johnson, Graham T.; Autin, Ludovic; Goodsell, David S.; Sanner, Michel F.; Olson, Arthur J.

2011-01-01

184

ePMV embeds molecular modeling into professional animation software environments.  

PubMed

Increasingly complex research has made it more difficult to prepare data for publication, education, and outreach. Many scientists must also wade through black-box code to interface computational algorithms from diverse sources to supplement their bench work. To reduce these barriers we have developed an open-source plug-in, embedded Python Molecular Viewer (ePMV), that runs molecular modeling software directly inside of professional 3D animation applications (hosts) to provide simultaneous access to the capabilities of these newly connected systems. Uniting host and scientific algorithms into a single interface allows users from varied backgrounds to assemble professional quality visuals and to perform computational experiments with relative ease. By enabling easy exchange of algorithms, ePMV can facilitate interdisciplinary research, smooth communication between broadly diverse specialties, and provide a common platform to frame and visualize the increasingly detailed intersection(s) of cellular and molecular biology. PMID:21397181

Johnson, Graham T; Autin, Ludovic; Goodsell, David S; Sanner, Michel F; Olson, Arthur J

2011-03-01

185

Teachers' Knowledge Base for Implementing Response-to-Intervention Models in Reading  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined the knowledge base of 142 elementary-level educators for implementing response-to-intervention (RTI) models in reading. A questionnaire assessed participants' professional background for teaching reading, as well as their familiarity with specific assessments, research-based instructional models, and interventions potentially…

Spear-Swerling, Louise; Cheesman, Elaine

2012-01-01

186

Investigating the experience: A case study of a science professional development program based on Kolb's experiential learning model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Professional development for educators has been defined as the process or processes by which teachers achieve higher levels of professional competence and expand their understanding of self, role, context and career (Duke and Stiggins, 1990). Currently, there is limited research literature that examines the effect a professional development course, which uses David Kolb's experiential learning model, has on the professional growth and teaching practice of middle school science teachers. The purpose of this interpretive case study is to investigate how three science teachers who participated in the Rivers to Reef professional development course interpreted the learning experience and integrated the experience into their teaching practice. The questions guiding this research are (1) What is the relationship between a professional development course that uses an experiential learning model and science teaching practice? (2) How do the Rivers to Reef participants reflect on and describe the course as a professional growth experience? The creation of the professional development course and the framework for the study were established using David Kolb's (1975) experiential learning theory and the reflection process model designed by David Boud (1985). The participants in the study are three middle school science teachers from schools representing varied settings and socioeconomic levels in the southeastern United States. Data collected used the three-interview series interview format designed by Dolbere and Schuman (Seidman, 1998). Data was analyzed for the identification of common categories related to impact on science teaching practice and professional growth. The major finding of this study indicates the years of teaching experience of middle school science teachers significantly influences how they approach professional development, what and how they learn from the experience, and the ways in which the experience influences their teaching practices.

Davis, Brian L.

187

Do all health care professionals have a responsibility to prescribe and promote regular physical activity: or let us carry on doing nothing.  

PubMed

Physical inactivity's propensity to cause preventable morbidity and mortality grossly is under-recognized by both the public and by health care professionals. If health care professionals are serious about doing the best for every patient every patient visit, then we must be skilled in assessing physical activity levels as well as providing appropriate advice and must be able to guide patients through options and to activity. We have a professional duty and responsibility to know and deliver best treatments as well as keep ourselves up to date with and strive for the current best practice. Physical activity is central to health, and doing nothing is not a responsible option for our patients or health care professionals. More importantly, there is an urgent need for all health care professionals to embrace physical activity and strive for systems change, at governmental, organizational, educational, and medical leadership levels. PMID:23851415

Weiler, Richard; Murray, Andrew; Joy, Elizabeth

188

Professional home care for the elderly: An application of the Andersen-Newman model in The Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Andersen-Newman model, which relates the use of services to predisposing, enabling and need-for-care variables, has not often been applied to the utilization of professional home care by elderly people, especially not in Europe. In this study, the variables of this model were used to predict the amount of professional home care used by new users of this type of

G. I. J. M. Kempen; Th. P. B. M. Suurmeijer

1991-01-01

189

Monitoring Physiology Trainee Needs to Focus Professional Society Responses: The APS Trainee Needs Surveys  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article presents results from the 2004 and 2007 American Physiological Society (APS) Trainee Advisory Committee (TAC) surveys of graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and new investigators in physiology to identify topics and issues important to those trainees. Two major trends emerged from the data. First, trainees in 2007 expressed somewhat greater interest in professional development information than did those in 2004. Second, needs expressed by trainees in both years were closely related to their specific career development stage.

PhD Marsha L Matyas (American Physiological Society Education); PhD Karen L Sweazea (Arizona State University College od Nursing and Health Innovation)

2011-06-01

190

Up, close and personal: teachers' responses to an individualised professional learning opportunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an account of professional learning in action through documenting the experiences of three upper primary teachers as they engaged in reflection-on-action with the assistance of an academic mentor. Video-stimulated recall was used as a mechanism to encourage productive reflective practice, using video footage of each teacher's numeracy lessons. The results indicated that although it was a powerful

Tracey Muir; Kim Beswick; John Williamson

2010-01-01

191

Mentor modeling: the internalization of modeled professional thinking in an epistemic game  

Microsoft Academic Search

Players of epistemic games--computer games that simulate professional practica— have been shown to develop epistemic frames: a profession's particular way of seeing and solving problems. This study examines the interactions between players and mentors in one epistemic game, Urban Science. Using a new method called epistemic network analysis, we explore how players develop epistemic frames through playing the game. Our

Padraig Nash; David Williamson Shaffer

2011-01-01

192

Professional Literature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews "Investigating Mathematics with Young Children" (Althouse); "Homecoming for Babies after the Neonatal Intensive Care Nursery: A Guide for Parents," with companion guide for professionals (Hanson and VandenBerg); "HIV/AIDS: A Challenge to Us All," with companion video (Pediatric AIDS Foundation); and "Modeling Healthy Behavior: Actions and…

Shaw, Jean M.; And Others

1995-01-01

193

Core Temperature and Sweat Responses in Professional Women's Tennis Players During Tournament Play in the Heat  

PubMed Central

Abstract Context: Tennis is often played in hot, humid environments, intensifying the thermoregulatory strain placed on the athletes. As a safety measure, some tennis organizations allow for a 10-minute break in play between the second and third sets when environmental conditions are extreme. However, the actual effect of these breaks in reducing core temperature is unknown. Objective: To determine change in core temperature after a 10-minute break in play and assess fluid balance in professional female tennis players during tournament matches in the heat. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: A Women's Tennis Association Tour–sanctioned outdoor tournament on hard courts under hot conditions (30.3°C ± 2.3°C). Patients or Other Participants: Seven professional tennis players. Main Outcome Measure(s): Change in core temperature after a 10-minute break in tournament play, fluid intake, and sweat losses during match play. Results: Core temperature was reduced from 38.92°C to 38.67°C (change of ?0.25°C ± 0.20°C) when a break was taken (P ?=? .02). Mean sweat rate during match play was 2.0 ± 0.5 L/h. During that time, mean fluid intake was 1.5 ± 0.5 L/h, resulting in a 1.2% ± 1.0% reduction in body mass. Conclusions: Female professional tennis players are subjected to high heat loads during match play in hot environments. However, a 10-minute break in play decreased core temperature in 6 of 7 players by an average of 0.25°C, indicating that the break provides practical benefits in the field. Furthermore, although mean sweat rate in this group of female tennis players was high, most athletes were still able to minimize mass loss to less than 2% of their prematch weight.

Tippet, Melissa L.; Stofan, John R.; Lacambra, Magie; Horswill, Craig A.

2011-01-01

194

Supervision in tribal and state child welfare agencies: professionalization, responsibilities, training needs, and satisfaction.  

PubMed

Although tribal child welfare and family services have expanded substantially since the enactment of the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978, little is known about tribal child welfare services or their personnel. This exploratory study compared supervisors from 11 tribal child welfare agencies and one state child welfare agency. Tribal and state supervisors reported similar levels of supervisory professionalization and satisfaction, but they differed in their ethnicity, their supervisory tasks, and their training needs. The results were interpreted from a systems perspective of ethnic-sensitive agency practice. PMID:8149774

MacEachron, A E

195

Research in applying the financial appraisal profile model to an information communication technology project within a professional association  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to report on research in applying the financial appraisal profile (FAP) model to an information communication technology project within a professional association and to evaluate the model's effectiveness and acceptability. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The FAP model incorporates both rationalistic and hermeneutic paradigms. An action research\\/single case study approach has been use to “evaluate”

Frank Lefley

2008-01-01

196

Health Communication and Professional Preparation: Health Educator Credibility, Message Learning, and Behavior Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health education graduate students were surveyed to assess perceptions of their professional responsibility to be role models of healthy behaviors, characteristics of a professional role model, and related socializing experiences during professional preparation. A total of 233 randomly selected health education graduate students participated in this study nationwide. Significant inverse associations were found between students’ year in graduate school and

Lisa A. Benz Scott; David R. Black

1999-01-01

197

Evaluating the Usability of a Professional Modeling Tool Repurposed for Middle School Learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports the results of a three-stage usability test of a modeling tool designed to support learners' deep understanding of the impacts of climate change on ecosystems. The design process involved repurposing an existing modeling technology used by professional scientists into a learning tool specifically designed for middle school students. To evaluate usability, we analyzed students' task performance and task completion time as they worked on an activity with the repurposed modeling technology. In stage 1, we conducted remote testing of an early modeling prototype with urban middle school students (n = 84). In stages 2 and 3, we used screencasting software to record students' mouse and keyboard movements during collaborative think-alouds (n = 22) and conducted a qualitative analysis of their peer discussions. Taken together, the study findings revealed two kinds of usability issues that interfered with students' productive use of the tool: issues related to the use of data and information, and issues related to the use of the modeling technology. The study findings resulted in design improvements that led to stronger usability outcomes and higher task performance among students. In this paper, we describe our methods for usability testing, our research findings, and our design solutions for supporting students' use of the modeling technology and use of data. The paper concludes with implications for the design and study of modeling technologies for science learning.

Peters, Vanessa L.; Songer, Nancy Butler

2012-10-01

198

Comparing outcomes of major models of police responses to mental health emergencies  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: The study compared three models of police responses to incidents involving people thought to have mental illnesses to determine how often specialized professionals responded and how often they were able to resolve cases without arrest. METHODS: Three study sites representing distinct approaches to police handling of incidents involving persons with mental illness were examined-Birmingham, Alabama; and Knoxville and Memphis,

Randy Borum

2000-01-01

199

A taxonomy of item response models  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of models for categorical item response data have been proposed in recent years. The models appear to be quite different.\\u000a However, they may usefully be organized as members of only three distinct classes, within which the models are distinguished\\u000a only by assumptions and constraints on their parameters. “Difference models” are appropriate for ordered responses, “divide-by-total”\\u000a models may be

David Thissen; Lynne Steinberg

1986-01-01

200

Implementing inquiry-based kits within a professional development school model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Implementation of guided inquiry teaching for the first time carries inherent problems for science teachers. Reform efforts on inquiry-based science teaching are often unsustainable and are not sensitive to teachers' needs and abilities as professionals. Professional development schools are meant to provide a research-based partnership between a public school and a university. These collaborations can provide support for the professional

Mark Thomas Jones

2005-01-01

201

Initiating Small Class Teaching in Hong Kong: Video Reflective Narratives and the Professional Developmental Learning Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study explores the use of video reflective narratives. It reports on data derived from 28 in-service primary school teachers undertaking professional development to support small class (n = 25) teaching in Hong Kong. The findings serve to highlight that such professional development is fraught with confounds, for professional development…

Wong, Marina W. Y.; Pow, Jacky W. C.

2012-01-01

202

Students' Motivation, Perceived Environment and Professional Commitment: An Application of Astin's College Impact Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional commitment is significant to the accounting profession as it leads to greater sensitivities towards ethics issues and increases job involvement. This study argues that professional commitment towards accounting profession is developed during tertiary education or at the anticipatory socialization phase. The significance of anticipatory socialization in the development of professionals in various fields including medical, social work and teacher

Zauwiyah Ahmad; R. N. Anantharaman; Hishamuddin Ismail

2012-01-01

203

Students' Motivation, Perceived Environment and Professional Commitment: An Application of Astin's College Impact Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional commitment is significant to the accounting profession as it leads to greater sensitivities towards ethics issues and increases job involvement. This study argues that professional commitment towards accounting profession is developed during tertiary education or at the anticipatory socialization phase. The significance of anticipatory socialization in the development of professionals in various fields including medical, social work and teacher

Zauwiyah Ahmad; R. N. Anantharaman; Hishamuddin Ismail

2011-01-01

204

Implementing inquiry-based kits within a professional development school model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Implementation of guided inquiry teaching for the first time carries inherent problems for science teachers. Reform efforts on inquiry-based science teaching are often unsustainable and are not sensitive to teachers' needs and abilities as professionals. Professional development schools are meant to provide a research-based partnership between a public school and a university. These collaborations can provide support for the professional development of teachers. This dissertation reports a study focused on the implementation of inquiry-based science kits within the support of one of these collaborations. The researcher describes the difficulties and successful adaptations experienced by science teachers and how a coteaching model provided support. These types of data are needed in order to develop a bottom-up, sustainable process that will allow teachers to implement inquiry-based science. A qualitative methodology with "researcher as participant" was used in this study of two science teachers during 2002--2003. These two teachers were supported by a coteaching model, which included preservice teachers for each teacher as well as a supervising professor. Data were collected from the researcher's direct observations of coteachers' practice. Data were also collected from interviews and reflective pieces from the coteachers. Triangulation of the data on each teacher's case supported the validity of the findings. Case reports were prepared from these data for each classroom teacher. These case reports were used and cross-case analysis was conducted to search for major themes and findings in the study. Major findings described the hurdles teachers encounter, examples of adaptations observed in the teachers' cases and the supportive interactions with their coteachers while implementing the inquiry-based kits. In addition, the data were used to make recommendations for future training and use of the kits and the coteaching model. Results from this study showed that the kit's guided structure of inquiry and the collaboration both affected the inservice teachers in the following ways: The coteaching model supported behavioral and material management issues caused by the implementation of the kits; collaboration with preservice teachers created a "smaller-class-size" effect, which allowed teachers to attend to a smaller number of students for cooperative learning and assessment, and the elementary inservice teachers learned pedagogical strategies and science content from collaborating with secondary preservice teachers in kit use and from the kits' curriculum. Results were used as a self-study for future training and support for implementation of inquiry-based kits.

Jones, Mark Thomas

205

[The use of biological age on mental work capacity model in accelerated aging assessment of professional lorry-drivers].  

PubMed

The studies of biological age, aging rate, mental work capacity in professional drivers were conducted. The examination revealed peculiarities of system organization of functions determining the mental work capacity levels. Dynamics of the aging process of professional driver's organism in relation with calendar age and driving experience were shown using the biological age model. The results point at the premature decrease of the mental work capacity in professional drivers. It was proved, that premature age-related changes of physiologic and psychophysiologic indices in drivers are just "risk indicators", while long driving experience is a real risk factor, accelerating the aging process. The "risk group" with manifestations of accelerating aging was observed in 40-49-year old drivers with 15-19 years of professional experience. The expediency of using the following methods for the age rate estimation according to biologic age indices and necessity of prophylactic measures for premature and accelerated aging prevention among working population was demonstrated. PMID:23289221

Bashkireva, A S

2012-01-01

206

Male Responsibility in Sexual Activity and Family Planning: Perspectives of a College Mental Health Professional  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social movements of the previous two decades have forced a reevaluation of the traditional male role in sexual activity and family planning. Men are now expected to be active, responsible participants in decisions and actions concerning contraception, child care, pregnancy, partner satisfaction, and emotional bonding. While a number of rational “shoulds” have been advanced as guidelines for healthy, responsible male

Allen M. Roach

1979-01-01

207

The Safe Environment for Every Kid Model: Impact on Pediatric Primary Care Professionals  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the Safe Environment for Every Kid (SEEK) model of enhanced primary care would improve the attitudes, knowledge, comfort, competence, and behavior of child health care professionals (HPs) regarding addressing major risk factors for child maltreatment (CM). METHODS: In a cluster randomized controlled trial, 18 private practices were assigned to intervention (SEEK) or control groups. SEEK HPs received training on CM risk factors (eg, maternal depression). The SEEK model included the parent screening questionnaire and the participation of a social worker. SEEK's impact was evaluated in 3 ways: (1) the health professional questionnaire (HPQ), which assessed HPs' attitudes and practice regarding the targeted problems; (2) observations of HPs conducting checkups; and (3) review of children's medical records. RESULTS: The 102 HPs averaged 45 years of age; 68% were female, and 74% were in suburban practices. Comparing baseline scores with 6-, 18-, and 36-month follow-up data, the HPQ revealed significant (P < .05) improvement in the SEEK group compared with controls on addressing depression (6 months), substance abuse (18 months), intimate partner violence (6 and 18 months), and stress (6, 18, and 36 months), and in their comfort level and perceived competence (both at 6, 18, and 36 months). SEEK HPs screened for targeted problems more often than did controls based on observations 24 months after the initial training and the medical records (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The SEEK model led to significant and sustained improvement in several areas. This is a crucial first step in helping HPs address major psychosocial problems that confront many families. SEEK offers a modest yet promising enhancement of primary care.

Lane, Wendy G.; Semiatin, Joshua N.; Magder, Laurence S.; Venepally, Mamata; Jans, Merel

2011-01-01

208

Enhancing professionalism through a professional practice portfolio  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a response to Ghaye’s (2010) invitation to consider how reflection might contribute to human flourishing. It reports on a four?year action research project that investigated the use of a professional practice portfolio in a postgraduate professional development programme, preparing special education resource teachers to undertake a paradigmatically different role to support the inclusion of students with moderate

Elizabeth Jones

2010-01-01

209

Early Childhood Teachers' Professional Learning in Early Algebraic Thinking: A Model that Supports New Knowledge and Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The implementation of a new mathematics syllabus in the elementary context is problematic, especially if it contains a new content area. A professional development model, Transformative Teaching in the Early Years Mathematics (TTEYM) was specifically developed to support the implementation of the new Patterns and Algebra strand. The model was…

Warren, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

210

Teaching Science Using Guided Inquiry as the Central Theme: A Professional Development Model for High School Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author describes a professional development model for high school science teachers based on the framework of inquiry and science standards. The "Learn-Teach-Assess Inquiry" model focuses on guided inquiry labs as the central theme and builds on these labs to reinforce science concepts and abilities to understand and engage in inquiry in…

Banerjee, Anil

2010-01-01

211

Processes of Change in Professional Development Schools as Viewed through the Lens of the Concerns-Based Adoption Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research focuses on change processes. It considers how components of a change framework--namely, the concerns-based adoption model--can be used as diagnostic evaluation tools to examine how participants' attitudes and levels of participation affect the implementation of the professional development school model. This article demonstrates how…

Kapustka, Katherine M.; Damore, Sharon J.

2009-01-01

212

A Professional Development Model to Promote Internet Integration into P-12 Teachers' Practice: A Mixed Methods Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed method study reports long-term effects of a staff development model on P-12 teachers' instructional practices and dispositions regarding Internet integration into teaching. The model design was guided by participants' varying professional developmental levels and their values and beliefs about teaching and learning. A survey,…

Giordano, Victoria A.

2008-01-01

213

Combustion Response Modeling for Composite Solid Propellants.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computerized mathematical model of the combustion response function of composite solid propellants was developed with particular attention to the contributions of the solid phase heterogeneity. The one-dimensional model treats the solid phase as alterna...

1977-01-01

214

The experience and responses of Swedish health professionals to patients requesting virginity restoration (hymen repair).  

PubMed

An important determinant of family honour in many cultures is the chastity of women, with much importance attributed to virginity until marriage. The traditional proof of virginity is bleeding from the ruptured hymen, which has led some women to request genital surgery to "restore" virginity, or hymen repair. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Swedish health care providers have had experience of patients requesting this surgery. Questionnaires were sent to 1,086 gynaecologists, midwives, youth welfare and social officers, and school nurses and doctors in four Swedish cities. Of the 507 who returned the questionnaire, 271 had seen patients seeking virginity-related care. Of these, 14 had turned the patients away; 221 had made 429 referrals, mostly to a welfare officer or a gynaecologist; and 26 had referred patients to a plastic surgeon. Nine gynaecologists had carried out such surgery themselves. Swedish authorities have to date focused on this issue primarily from a social and legal perspective. No guidelines exist on how health professionals should deal with requests for surgery to restore virginity. Further research is needed on how best to meet the needs of this group of patients in a multi-ethnic society and how to address requests for hymen repair. Without this, medical practitioners and counsellors will remain uncertain and ambivalent, and a variety of approaches will persist. PMID:20541082

Essén, Birgitta; Blomkvist, Anna; Helström, Lotti; Johnsdotter, Sara

2010-05-01

215

Methods of incorporating understanding of professional and ethical responsibility in the engineering curriculum and results from the Fundamentals of Engineering examination  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study evaluated the methods of incorporating professionalism and ethics in the engineering curriculum to determine the nature of the relationship between the curriculum model used and outcomes on a nationally administered, engineering-specific standardized examination. The study's population included engineering students enrolled at one of nine southeastern public universities between October 1996 and April 2005. The institutions are partners in the Multiple-Institution Database for Investigating Engineering Longitudinal Development (MIDFIELD) project. A mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative) research program was designed and implemented. The qualitative aspects of the study focused on research questions related to the impetus and considerations given to curriculum changes made by the 23 engineering programs that participated in the study. The qualitative research questions were investigated using semi-structured interviews conducted with program representatives and evaluation of 49 ABET Self-Study accreditation documents. The curriculum model used by each of the participating programs were identified and defined for the period of the study and quantitatively compared to performance on the ethics section of the Fundamentals of Engineering (FE) Examination. The FE Examination is prepared and administered by the National Council for Engineering and Surveying (NCEES) and is the only nationally administered, engineering-specific, standardized assessment that measures performance on ABET-related criteria. A student-level dataset of subject scores was obtained for the FE Examination for all of the MIDFIELD programs. This study represents the first published attempt to utilize NCEES data for the purpose of rigorous educational research. Statistical techniques were used to evaluate the relationship between curriculum methods and examination performance. The findings indicate a statistical relationship, but a lack of structure between the amount of required professional and ethical content in the curriculum and performance on the ethics section of the FE Examination. Thus, while a relationship exists between the quantity of professional and ethical content and the ethics-based assessment tool used in this study, quantity does not appear to be the most significant variable. A possible implication of these findings is that quality of instruction has a greater influence on professional and ethical learning than does the quantity of courses or credits. The findings of this study will have significant bearing on the considerations made by engineering programs when they consider potential professionalism-based and ethics-based changes in what is perceived to be a crowded engineering curriculum. Specifically, engineering programs are encouraged to consider focusing on improvements in instructional methods and instructional environments, as well as ensuring that individuals responsible for delivery of professional and ethical content are in fact excellent instructors. Concurrently, ABET is encouraged to ensure that constructive and detailed feedback is provided to engineering programs on all eleven outcomes listed in the Engineering Criteria 2000 as part of the accreditation review process. Finally, to encourage the use of the FE Examination as an instrument for rigorous educational research, NCEES must consider being more transparent in the release of psychometric properties and preparation guidelines for the Examination.

Barry, Brock Edward

216

On Compensation in Multidimensional Response Modeling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of compensation in multidimensional response modeling is addressed. We show that multidimensional response models are compensatory in their ability parameters if and only if they are monotone. In addition, a minimal set of assumptions is presented under which the MLEs of the ability parameters are also compensatory. In a recent series of…

van der Linden, Wim J.

2012-01-01

217

Market response models and marketing practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Market response models are intended to help scholars and managers understand how consumers individually and collectively respond to marketing activities, and how competitors interact. Appropriately estimated effects constitute a basis for improved decision making in marketing. We review the demand and supply of market response models and we highlight areas of future growth. We discuss two characteristics that favour

Dominique M. Hanssens; Peter S. H. Leeflang; Dick R. Wittink

2005-01-01

218

[Patient information and professional responsibility: reversal of jurisprudence of the Court of cassation].  

PubMed

The Court of cassation is the highest court in the French judiciary. In a recent decision on June 3, 2010, the supreme jurisdiction quashed partially a court of appeal judgement. A patient developed erectile dysfunction following open prostatectomy for benign prostatic hyperplasia. The patient was not informed of this risk before the surgery. The judges recall that failure to provide information, including very exceptional risks, asserts in itself the physician's responsibility and allows financial reparation for patients. In accordance with this decision, a new jurisprudence in medical responsibility is born. PMID:22196009

Rouanne, M; Lebret, T

2011-05-17

219

Evaluation of an Audience Response System for the Continuing Education of Health Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction: Continuing medical education (CME) for physicians and other health personnel is becoming increasingly important in light of recertification requirements. Interactive learning is more effective and may be useful in a continuing education setting. This study examines the use of an audience response system (ARS) as an interactive…

Miller, Redonda G.; Ashar, Bimal H.; Getz, Kelly J.

2003-01-01

220

Construction of the integrated model for practical career support to the professional athletes.  

PubMed

Recently, along with the enhancement of the argument for career of athletes, many researchers who major in sports psychology focus mainly on athletic retirement, a coordination of transitions in sport or and outside sport, social support and professional assistance in career transition, in the context of the second career concerning to professional athletes in Japan. However, when it comes to career transition of professional athletes, it is necessary to consider "career" from the whole perspectives of human life. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to clarify the career transition of professional athletes by the way of questionnaire and interview survey, which is approached from the view point of industrial/organizational psychology. For this purpose, we implemented the interview survey to professional athletes in 2008. In addition, we carried out the investigation to professional football players (interview survey: 5 players, questionnaire survey: 102 players) in 2009. Consequently, three following findings were led in conclusion. (1)Career intervention to professional athletes should be performed before the turning point of the career (career transition). (2)It is important to assess the career intervention to professional athletes. (3)It is an important stance to watch the processes when professional athletes open up one's career by oneself. PMID:22317681

Mizuno, Motoki; Hochi, Yasuyuki; Inoue, Mami; Kaneko, Ikuyo; Yamada, Yasuyuki

2012-01-01

221

From "Mentor" to "Role Model": Scaling the Involvement of STEM Professionals through Role Model Videos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mentors and role models can play a significant role in high school students' motivation to pursue specific careers later in life. Although the use of role models in the classroom is an important research topic, little research has been conducted on scaling up STEM role models reach through the use of video vignettes. This essay outlines a series…

Ware, Jennifer; Stein, Sarah

2013-01-01

222

The sweating response of elite professional soccer players to training in the heat.  

PubMed

Sweat rate and sweat composition vary extensively between individuals, and quantification of these losses has a role to play in the individualisation of a hydration strategy to optimise training and competitive performance. Data were collected from 26 male professional football (soccer) players during one 90 min pre-season training session. This was the 2nd training session of the day, carried out between 19.30 and 21.00 h when the mean +/- SD environment was 32 +/- 3 degrees C, 20 +/- 5 %rh and WBGT 22 +/- 2 degrees C. Training consisted of interval running and 6-a-side games during which the average heart rate was 136 +/- 7 bpm with a maximum rate of 178 +/- 7 bpm (n = 19). Before and after training all players were weighed nude. During training all players had free access to sports drinks (Gatorade) and mineral water (Solan de Cabras). All drink bottles were weighed before and after training. Players were instructed to drink only from their own bottles and not to spit out any drink. No player urinated during the training session. Sweat was collected by patches from the chest, arm, back, and thigh of a subgroup of 7 players. These remained in place for the first 15 - 30 min of the training session, and sweat was analysed for sodium (Na (+)) and potassium (K (+)) concentration. Body mass loss was 1.23 +/- 0.50 kg (ranging from 0.50 to 2.55 kg), equivalent to dehydration of 1.59 +/- 0.61 % of pre-training body mass. The sweat volume lost was 2193 +/- 365 ml (1672 to 3138 ml), but only 972 +/- 335 ml (239 to 1724 ml) of fluid was consumed. 45 +/- 16 % of the sweat volume loss was replaced, but this ranged from 9 % to 73 %. The Na (+) concentration of the subgroup's sweat was 30.2 +/- 18.8 mmol/l (15.5 to 66.3 mmol/l) and Na (+) losses averaged 67 +/- 37 mmol (26 to 129 mmol). The K (+) concentration of the sweat was 3.58 +/- 0.56 mmol/l (2.96 to 4.50 mmol/l) and K (+) losses averaged 8 +/- 2 mmol (5 to 12 mmol). The drinking employed by these players meant that only 23 +/- 21 % of the sweat Na (+) losses were replaced: This ranged from replacing virtually none (when water was the only drink) to replacing 62 % when the sports drink was consumed. These elite soccer players did not drink sufficient volume to replace their sweat loss. This, however, is in accord with data in the literature from other levels of soccer players and athletes in other events. These measurements allow for an individualisation of the club's hydration strategy. PMID:15726482

Shirreffs, S M; Aragon-Vargas, L F; Chamorro, M; Maughan, R J; Serratosa, L; Zachwieja, J J

2005-03-01

223

US NRC emergency response dose assessment model  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new IBM PC-based dose assessment model has been written to replace the IRDAM model for use during response to emergencies. It is fast, very simple to use, and easy to modify, with separate modules of the source term, atmospheric transport, and dose models. The source term can be estimated based on isotopic ratios or on recently developed procedures that

A. L. Sjoreen; G. F. Athey; C. A. Sakenas; T. J. McKenna

1987-01-01

224

School/University Partnerships and the UNI Teaching Associates Cadre Model: Professional Benefits to PreK-12 Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The implementation of the University of Northern Iowa's (UNI) Teaching Associates Cadre Model (TAC) Professional Development School (PDS) program is discussed within the context of Kagan's six stages of collaborative relationships: formation, conceptualization, development, implementation, evaluation, and termination or reformation. The TAC was…

Selke, Mary J.; Kueter, Roger A.

225

Design of a Model for a Professional Development Programme for a Multidisciplinary Science Subject in the Netherlands  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are increasingly integrating multidisciplinary education into their programmes. The Minister of Education, Culture and Science has introduced a new, integrated science subject in secondary education in the Netherlands, called Nature, Life and Technology (NLT). This research note describes the design of a generic model for a professional

Visser, Talitha C.; Coenders, Fer G. M.; Terlouw, Cees; Pieters, Jules M.

2012-01-01

226

Teacher Study Group: Impact of the Professional Development Model on Reading Instruction and Student Outcomes in First Grade Classrooms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Randomized field trials were used to examine the impact of the Teacher Study Group (TSG), a professional development model, on first grade teachers’ reading comprehension and vocabulary instruction, their knowledge of these areas, and the comprehension and vocabulary achievement of their students. The multisite study was conducted in three large urban school districts from three states. A total of 81

Russell Gersten; Joseph Dimino; Madhavi Jayanthi; James S. Kim; Lana Edwards Santoro

2010-01-01

227

A Professional Development Model for Math and Science Educators in Catholic Elementary Schools: Challenges and Successes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Catholic elementary schools must continue to invest in the professional development of math and science teachers in order to prepare students for the challenging work that lies ahead of them. The purpose of the study was to examine the degree to which the Initiative for Catholic Schools (ICS), a 2-year professional development program for science…

Kuchey, Debora; Morrison, Julie Q.; Geer, Cynthia H.

2009-01-01

228

Sport Education for Teachers: Professional Development when Introducing a Novel Curriculum Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to provide a description of an on-site professional development program for Russian teachers as they learned to teach Sport Education. A concurrent objective was to investigate the effectiveness of this professional development opportunity. Participants were two physical education teachers (one with 27 and one with 3…

Sinelnikov, Oleg A.

2009-01-01

229

Professional Development through Transformation: Linking Two Assessment Models of Teachers' Reflective Thinking and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to reflect is widely known as a factor affecting the effectiveness of teacher development. Terminology such as reflection, reflective thinking, reflective practice, reflective judgment and reflective learning appears a lot in journals and literature about education, training and professional development. Research literature consistently stresses the importance of reflection in the training of teachers and professionals (Kolb, 1984; Kirby,

Harrison Tse

230

Social trajectories or disrupted identities? Changing and competing models of teacher professionalism under New Labour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the 1988 Education Reform Act, the teacher’s role in England has changed in many ways, a process which intensified under New Labour after 1997. Conceptions of teacher professionalism have become more structured and formalized, often heavily influenced by government policy objectives. Career paths have become more diverse and specialised. In this article, three post?1997 professional roles are given consideration

Sandra Leaton Gray; Geoff Whitty

2010-01-01

231

e-PD: Blended Models of Sustaining Teacher Professional Development in Digital Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is commonly agreed that professional development of teachers in the use of information and communication technologies should be sustained over time. Most professional development, however, is delivered in single or short sequences of face-to-face sessions, paying little heed to this requirement. Once the face-to-face training is completed, a…

Anderson, Neil; Henderson, Michael

2004-01-01

232

The Impact of a Collaborative Model for Curriculum Restructuring on Teachers' Professional Growth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter describes aspects of teachers’ professional growth during a 2-year professional development programme in Guandong, China. The project was a part of national curriculum reform in Mainland China. One component of this curriculum reform is to integrate values education across the curriculum while simultaneously helping teachers to adopt current theories of learning and teaching about the curriculum area itself,

Margaret Taplin; Dorothy Ng Fung Ping; Huang Fuqian

233

Competency Benchmarks: A Model for Understanding and Measuring Competence in Professional Psychology Across Training Levels  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Competency Benchmarks document outlines core foundational and functional competencies in professional psychology across three levels of professional development: readiness for practicum, readiness for internship, and readiness for entry to practice. Within each level, the document lists the essential components that comprise the core competencies and behavioral indicators that provide operational descriptions of the essential elements. This document builds on

Nadya A. Fouad; Catherine L. Grus; Robert L. Hatcher; Nadine J. Kaslow; Philinda Smith Hutchings; Michael B. Madson; Frank L. Collins; Raymond E. Crossman

2009-01-01

234

Supporting Teachers as Researchers (STAR): A Model for Sustainable Professional Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Supporting Teachers as Action Researchers (STAR) explores how school improvement initiatives may be sustained over time. It represents stage one of a broader investigation into how teachers' professional learning may be enhanced by positioning teachers as practitioner researchers and professionals who are capable of generating change from within…

Blackley, Josephine; Wells, Muriel

2009-01-01

235

Engaging Teachers as Learners: Modeling Professional Development for Adult Literacy Providers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As professional developers for the Adult Basic Literacy Education (ABLE) system in Ohio, the authors have focused their efforts over the last several years on more actively engaging adult basic education teachers as learners in the professional development they offer. By creating activities that engage teachers in active learning with their adult…

Hanna, Mary Barbara; Salzman, James A.; Reynolds, Sharon L.; Fergus, Katherine B.

2010-01-01

236

Performance evaluation of professional service supply chain based upon DEA & AHP models  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the increasing demand of professional service, producer services have become increasingly important in the China economy. The research of supply chain especially formed in the process of professional services outsourcing is gaining more and more attention. However, there has been little research to date on service supply chain. It is necessary to understand whether the lessons learned in the

Danxia Song; Weilai Huang; Yang Xu

2008-01-01

237

Sport Education for Teachers: Professional Development when Introducing a Novel Curriculum Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to provide a description of an on-site professional development program for Russian teachers as they learned to teach Sport Education. A concurrent objective was to investigate the effectiveness of this professional development opportunity. Participants were two physical education teachers (one with 27 and one with 3…

Sinelnikov, Oleg A.

2009-01-01

238

First Response to "The Teacher as a Service Professional," by Donald A. Myers: Don't Settle for a Booby Prize  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this response to Donald A. Myers's "The Teacher as a Service Professional" (2008 [this issue]), the author suggests that teacher educators should not buy into Myers's concept because such would sell them short and be counterproductive to the advancement of the teaching profession. Teacher educators must not give up their struggle to advance…

Sikula, John

2008-01-01

239

Human body model response to mechanical impulse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite our understanding of the importance of falling, previous studies have ignored the effects of falls from standing height. In this article, lumped parameter linear and nonlinear models of a standing human have been used to simulate the impact response of the body segments due to inputs at the shoes. The acceleration transfer and frequency response were determined. The effect

M. Jarrah; W. Wassem; M. Othman; M. Gdeisat

1997-01-01

240

Modeling for response variables that are proportions  

Microsoft Academic Search

When dealing with response variables that are proportions, people often use regress. This approach can be problematic since the model can lead to predicted proportions less than zero or more than one and errors that are likely to be heteroskedastic and nonnormally distributed. This talk will discuss three more appropriate methods for proportions as response variables: betafit, dirifit, and glm.

Maarten L. Buis

2006-01-01

241

Convolution models for induced electromagnetic responses  

PubMed Central

In Kilner et al. [Kilner, J.M., Kiebel, S.J., Friston, K.J., 2005. Applications of random field theory to electrophysiology. Neurosci. Lett. 374, 174–178.] we described a fairly general analysis of induced responses—in electromagnetic brain signals—using the summary statistic approach and statistical parametric mapping. This involves localising induced responses—in peristimulus time and frequency—by testing for effects in time–frequency images that summarise the response of each subject to each trial type. Conventionally, these time–frequency summaries are estimated using post?hoc averaging of epoched data. However, post?hoc averaging of this sort fails when the induced responses overlap or when there are multiple response components that have variable timing within each trial (for example stimulus and response components associated with different reaction times). In these situations, it is advantageous to estimate response components using a convolution model of the sort that is standard in the analysis of fMRI time series. In this paper, we describe one such approach, based upon ordinary least squares deconvolution of induced responses to input functions encoding the onset of different components within each trial. There are a number of fundamental advantages to this approach: for example; (i) one can disambiguate induced responses to stimulus onsets and variably timed responses; (ii) one can test for the modulation of induced responses—over peristimulus time and frequency—by parametric experimental factors and (iii) one can gracefully handle confounds—such as slow drifts in power—by including them in the model. In what follows, we consider optimal forms for convolution models of induced responses, in terms of impulse response basis function sets and illustrate the utility of deconvolution estimators using simulated and real MEG data.

Litvak, Vladimir; Jha, Ashwani; Flandin, Guillaume; Friston, Karl

2013-01-01

242

Developing a Parent-Professional Team Leadership Model in Group Work: Work with Families with Children Experiencing Behavioral and Emotional Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Building on the respective strengths of parent-led and professional-led groups, a parent-professional team leadership model for group interventions was developed and evaluated for families of youths with emotional and behavioral problems. The model was developed based on feedback from 26 parents in focus group sessions and recommendations from…

Ruffolo, Mary C.; Kuhn, Mary T.; Evans, Mary E.

2006-01-01

243

Making the professionalism curriculum for undergraduate medical education more relevant.  

PubMed

Background: This study was an assessment of the professionalism curriculum at a community-based medical school from the perspective of undergraduate medical students. Aims: The goal of this study was to ascertain the perspectives of faculty and students on their interpretations of professionalism and its role in medical education to improve and expand existing professionalism curricula. Method: An online survey was created and sent to all students (n?=?245) and selected faculty (n?=?41). The survey utilized multiple choice and open-ended questions to allow responders to provide their insights on the definition of professionalism and detail how professionalism is taught and evaluated at their institution. A content analysis was conducted to categorize open-ended responses and the resulting themes were further examined using SPSS 20.0 for Windows (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY) frequency analyses. Results: Students and faculty respondents were similar in their definitions of medical professionalism and their perceptions of teaching methods. Role modeling was the most common and preferred method of professionalism education. Responses to whether evaluations of professional behavior were effective suggested both students and faculty are unclear about current professionalism assessments. Conclusion: This study showed that a cohesive standardized definition of professionalism is needed, as well as clearer guidelines on how professionalism is assessed. PMID:23931736

Morihara, Sarah K; Jackson, David S; Chun, Maria B J

2013-08-12

244

Research-design model for professional development of teachers: Designing lessons with physics education research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How can one increase the awareness of teachers to the existence and importance of knowledge gained through physics education research (PER) and provide them with capabilities to use it? How can one enrich teachers’ physics knowledge and the related pedagogical content knowledge of topics singled out by PER? In this paper we describe a professional development model that attempts to respond to these needs. We report on a study of the model’s implementation in a program for 22 high-school experienced physics teachers. In this program teachers (in teams of 5-6) developed during a year and a half (about 330h ), several lessons (minimodules) dealing with a topic identified as problematic by PER. The teachers employed a systematic research-based approach and used PER findings. The program consisted of three stages, each culminating with a miniconference: 1. Defining teaching and/or learning goals based on content analysis and diagnosis of students’ prior knowledge. 2. Designing the lessons using PER-based instructional strategies. 3. Performing a small-scale research study that accompanies the development process and publishing the results. We describe a case study of one of the groups and bring evidence that demonstrates how the workshop advanced: (a) Teachers’ awareness of deficiencies in their own knowledge of physics and pedagogy, and their perceptions about their students’ knowledge; (b) teachers’ knowledge of physics and physics pedagogy; (c) a systematic research-based approach to the design of lessons; (d) the formation of a community of practice; and (e) acquaintance with central findings of PER. There was a clear effect on teachers’ practice in the context of the study as indicated by the materials brought to the workshop. The teachers also reported that they continued to use the insights gained, mainly in the topics that were investigated by themselves and by their peers.

Eylon, Bat-Sheva; Bagno, Esther

2006-12-01

245

Validating a conceptual model for an inter-professional approach to shared decision making: a mixed methods study  

PubMed Central

Rationale, aims and objectives Following increased interest in having inter-professional (IP) health care teams engage patients in decision making, we developed a conceptual model for an IP approach to shared decision making (SDM) in primary care. We assessed the validity of the model with stakeholders in Canada. Methods In 15 individual interviews and 7 group interviews with 79 stakeholders, we asked them to: (1) propose changes to the IP-SDM model; (2) identify barriers and facilitators to the model's implementation in clinical practice; and (3) assess the model using a theory appraisal questionnaire. We performed a thematic analysis of the transcripts and a descriptive analysis of the questionnaires. Results Stakeholders suggested placing the patient at its centre; extending the concept of family to include significant others; clarifying outcomes; highlighting the concept of time; merging the micro, meso and macro levels in one figure; and recognizing the influence of the environment and emotions. The most common barriers identified were time constraints, insufficient resources and an imbalance of power among health professionals. The most common facilitators were education and training in inter-professionalism and SDM, motivation to achieve an IP approach to SDM, and mutual knowledge and understanding of disciplinary roles. Most stakeholders considered that the concepts and relationships between the concepts were clear and rated the model as logical, testable, having clear schematic representation, and being relevant to inter-professional collaboration, SDM and primary care. Conclusions Stakeholders validated the new IP-SDM model for primary care settings and proposed few modifications. Future research should assess if the model helps implement SDM in IP clinical practice.

Legare, France; Stacey, Dawn; Gagnon, Susie; Dunn, Sandy; Pluye, Pierre; Frosch, Dominick; Kryworuchko, Jennifer; Elwyn, Glyn; Gagnon, Marie-Pierre; Graham, Ian D

2011-01-01

246

Organizational and media stress among professional football players: testing an achievement goal theory model.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to investigate media and coach-athlete stress experienced by professional football players and their relationship to motivational variables by testing an achievement goal theory (AGT) stress model. In order to do so, we developed scales specifically designed to assess media and coach-athlete stress. Eighty-two elite football players (M(age) =25.17 years, SD=5.19) completed a series of questionnaires. Correlations and bootstrapping were used as primary statistical analyses, supplemented by LISREL, to test the hypotheses. Results revealed that a mastery climate was directly and negatively associated with coach-athlete stress, while a performance climate was directly and positively associated with coach-athlete stress. In addition, an indirect positive path between the performance climate and media stress was revealed through ego orientation. These findings support some of the key postulates of AGT; a mastery climate reduces the perception of stress among athletes, and the converse is true for a performance climate. Coaches of elite footballers are advised to try to reduce the emphasis on performance criteria because of its stress-reducing effects. PMID:21210857

Kristiansen, E; Halvari, H; Roberts, G C

2011-01-07

247

Solar-stellar Coffee: A Model For Informal Interdisciplinary Professional Development  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Initiated at NCAR more than two years ago, solar-stellar coffee is a weekly informal discussion of recent papers that are relevant to solar and stellar physics. The purpose is to generate awareness of new papers, to discuss their connections to past and current work, and to encourage a broader and more interdisciplinary view of solar physics. The discussion is local, but traffic to the website (http://coffee.solar-stellar.org/) is global -- suggesting that solar and stellar astronomers around the world find value in this intelligent pre-filter for astro-ph and other sources (papers are selected by local participants). In addition to enhancing the preprint posting and reading habits of solar physicists (with the associated boost in citation rates), the weekly discussion also provides an interdisciplinary professional development opportunity for graduate students, postdocs, and early career scientists. The web page is driven by a simple set of scripts (available on request), so this interaction model can easily be replicated at other institutions for topics of local interest. The concept of solar-stellar coffee began with support from an NSF Astronomy & Astrophysics Postdoctoral Fellowship under award AST-0401441. The National Center for Atmospheric Research is a federally funded research and development center sponsored by the National Science Foundation.

Metcalfe, Travis S.

2007-12-01

248

Integrating Professional and Folk Models of HIV Risk: YMSM's Perceptions of High-Risk Sex  

PubMed Central

Risks associated with HIV are well documented in research literature. While a great deal has been written about high-risk sex, little research has been conducted to examine how young men who have sex with men (YMSM) perceive and define high-risk sexual behavior. In this study, we compare the “professional’ and “folk” models of HIV-risk based on YMSM’s understanding of high-risk sex and where and how they gathered their understanding of HIV-risk behaviors. The findings reported here emerged from the quantitative and qualitative interviews from the Healthy Young Men’s Study (HYM), a longitudinal study examining risk and protective factors for substance use and sexual risk among an ethnically diverse sample of YMSM. Findings are discussed in relation to framing how service providers and others can increase YMSM’s knowledge of sexual behavior and help them build solid foundations of sexual health education to protect them from STI and HIV infection.

Kubicek, Katrina; Carpineto, Julie; McDavitt, Bryce; Weiss, George; Iverson, Ellen F.; Au, Chi-Wai; Kerrone, Dustin; Martinez, Miguel; Kipke, Michele D.

2009-01-01

249

Relationships among Perceived Organizational Core Values, Corporate Social Responsibility, Ethics, and Organizational Performance Outcomes: An Empirical Study of Information Technology Professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is an extension of our recent ethics research in direct marketing (2003) and information technology (2007). In\\u000a this study, we investigated the relationships among core organizational values, organizational ethics, corporate social responsibility,\\u000a and organizational performance outcome. Our analysis of online survey responses from a sample of IT professionals in the United\\u000a States indicated that managers from organizations with

K. Gregory Jin; Ronald G. Drozdenko

2010-01-01

250

The response of mental health professionals to clients seeking help to change or redirect same-sex sexual orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: we know very little about mental health practitioners' views on treatments to change sexual orientation. Our aim was to survey a representative sample of professional members of the main United Kingdom psychotherapy and psychiatric organisations about their views and practices concerning such treatments. METHODS: We sent postal questions to mental health professionals who were members of British Psychological Society,

Annie Bartlett; Glenn Smith; Michael King

2009-01-01

251

Modeling the hemodynamic response to brain activation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neural activity in the brain is accompanied by changes in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and blood oxygenation that are detectable with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) techniques. In this paper, recent mathematical models of this hemodynamic response are reviewed and integrated. Models are described for: (1) the blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal as a function of changes in cerebral

Richard B. Buxton; Kâmil Uluda?; David J. Dubowitz; Thomas T. Liu

2004-01-01

252

Ballistic Response of Fabrics: Model and Experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Walker (1999)developed an analytical model for the dynamic response of fabrics to ballistic impact. From this model the force, F, applied to the projectile by the fabric is derived to be F = 8\\/9 (ET*)h^3\\/R^2, where E is the Young's modulus of the fabric, T* is the \\

Dennis L. Orphal; James D. Walker Anderson Jr.

2001-01-01

253

Log-Multiplicative Association Models as Item Response Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Log-multiplicative association (LMA) models, which are special cases of log-linear models, have interpretations in terms of latent continuous variables. Two theoretical derivations of LMA models based on item response theory (IRT) arguments are presented. First, we show that Anderson and colleagues (Anderson & Vermunt, 2000; Anderson & Bockenholt,…

Anderson, Carolyn J.; Yu, Hsiu-Ting

2007-01-01

254

Development of student professionalism.  

PubMed

In late 2007, the American College of Clinical Pharmacy (ACCP) charged their National StuNet Advisory Committee to formulate tenets of professionalism, with the primary goal of introducing students to essential attitudes and behaviors of professionalism. The committee's list of tenets served as a working document for the development of this White Paper. This collaborative effort of the ACCP Board of Regents and the National StuNet Advisory Committee sought to complement other published documents addressing student professionalism. The purpose of this White Paper is to enhance student understanding of professionalism, emphasizing the importance of the covenantal or "fiducial" relationship between the patient and the pharmacist. This fiducial relationship is the essence of professionalism and is a relationship between the patient and the pharmacist built on trust. This White Paper also outlines the traits of professionalism, which were developed after an extensive review of the literature on professionalism in medicine and pharmacy. The traits of professionalism identified here are responsibility, commitment to excellence, respect for others, honesty and integrity, and care and compassion. It is from these traits that student actions and behaviors should emanate. Students, pharmacy practitioners, and faculty have a responsibility to each other, to society as a whole, and to individual patients whom they serve to ensure that their words and actions uphold the highest standards of professional behavior. PMID:19476426

Roth, Mary T; Zlatic, Thomas D

2009-06-01

255

Restoring medical professionalism.  

PubMed

The essence of medical professionalism is placing dedication to the welfare of patients above physicians' personal or proprietary interests. Medicine has become deprofessionalized as a consequence of socioeconomic factors leading to increasing commercialization and perverse financial incentives converting it into a business, the presence of unmanaged conflicts of interest, challenges to medical authority by insurance companies and the consumerism movement, and by gradual changes in the attitudes of physicians. Organized medicine has responded by making explicit its standards of professionalism and its dedication to preserving them. Medical educators have studied the means to develop professional attitudes and behaviors among medical students and residents. Modeling the characteristics of professional behavior by virtuous physicians remains the most effective method to instill professional behaviors in trainees. Restoring professionalism may be abetted by changes in physicians' financial incentives through innovative models of health care delivery, by physicians reducing their conflicts of interest, and by medical societies rejecting a guild identity. PMID:22915177

Bernat, James L

2012-08-21

256

The copyist model of response emission.  

PubMed

The variety of different performances maintained by schedules of reinforcement complicates comprehensive model creation. The present account assumes the simpler goal of modeling the performances of only variable reinforcement schedules because they tend to maintain steady response rates over time. The model presented assumes that rate is determined by the mean of interresponse times (time between two responses) between successive reinforcers, averaged so that their contribution to that mean diminishes exponentially with distance from reinforcement. To respond, the model randomly selects an interresponse time from the last 300 of these mean interresponse times, the selection likelihood arranged so that the proportion of session time spent emitting each of these 300 interresponse times is the same. This interresponse time defines the mean of an exponential distribution from which one is randomly chosen for emission. The response rates obtained approximated those found on several variable schedules. Furthermore, the model reproduced three effects: (1) the variable ratio maintaining higher response rates than does the variable interval; (2) the finding for variable schedules that when the reinforcement rate varies from low to high, the response rate function has an ascending and then descending limb; and (3) matching on concurrent schedules. Because these results are due to an algorithm that reproduces reinforced interresponse times, responding to single and concurrent schedules is viewed as merely copying what was reinforced before. PMID:22673925

Tanno, Takayuki; Silberberg, Alan

2012-10-01

257

Seismic response interpretation for heterogeneous reservoir models  

SciTech Connect

Seismic information is crucial to constrain the reservoir image between wells. However, in heterogeneous environments, it is often difficult to interpret the seismic response of the reservoir, especially with limited well control. Analyses of synthetic seismic responses of typical reservoir models are helpful for defining the geological information contained in the seismic data. We propose a geological interpretation of seismic responses of various models in the frame of fluvio-deltaic deposits. The first model is the intermediate unit of the Mesa Verde outcrop, whose seismic response was computed by elastic wave modelling, after assignment of elastic parameters constant by lithofacies. The other models correspond to stochastic lithofacies simulations with different geostatistical characteristics. Their seismic responses were computed with 1D modelling (convolution). The geological interpretation carried out on those synthetic seismic data is based on a calibration of the seismic parameters in terms of probabilities of encountering the different lithofacies. The technique we use is a non parametric discriminant analysis. The seismic parameters are the amplitudes for the convolution models or impedances and reflection coefficients for the first model for which a post-stack stratigraphic inversion was carried out. We compare the seismic derived lithofacies to the true ones to determine the potential of the seismic data for describing the reservoir heterogeneities. We use the different models to discuss: the impact of the spatial distribution of heterogeneities on the geological interpretation of the seismic data; the influence of the seismic lateral filtering on the interpretation the influence of the number of wells, used in the interpretation, on the final results.

Fichtl, P.; Fournier, F. [Institut Francais du Petrole, Rueil-Malmaison (France)

1995-08-01

258

Professionalism and Professionalization of Adult ESL Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three major models of adult English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) literacy professional development are discussed: craft or mentoring models, applied science or theory to practice models, and inquiry or reflective practice models. Each is outlined, examples are provided, and innovative K-12 teacher development practices are suggested. (Contains 50…

Crandall, JoAnn (Jodi)

1993-01-01

259

Modelling Placebo Response via Infinite Mixtures.  

PubMed

Non-specific treatment response, also known as placebo response, is ubiquitous in the treatment of mental illness, particularly in treating depression. The study of placebo effect is complicated because the factors that constitute non-specific treatment effects are latent and not directly observed. A flexible infinite mixture model is introduced to model these nonspecific treatment effects. The infinite mixture model stipulates that the non-specific treatment effects are continuous and this is contrasted with a finite mixture model that is based on the assumption that the non-specific treatment effects are discrete. Data from a depression clinical trial is used to illustrate the model and to study the evolution of the placebo effect over the course of treatment. PMID:21804745

Tarpey, Thaddeus; Petkova, Eva

2010-06-01

260

Professional identity in medical students: pedagogical challenges to medical education.  

PubMed

Background: Professional identity, or how a doctor thinks of himself or herself as a doctor, is considered to be as critical to medical education as the acquisition of skills and knowledge relevant to patient care. Summary: This article examines contemporary literature on the development of professional identity within medicine. Relevant theories of identity construction are explored and their application to medical education and pedagogical approaches to enhancing students' professional identity are proposed. The influence of communities of practice, role models, and narrative reflection within curricula are examined. Conclusions: Medical education needs to be responsive to changes in professional identity being generated from factors within medical student experiences and within contemporary society. PMID:24112208

Wilson, Ian; Cowin, Leanne S; Johnson, Maree; Young, Helen

2013-01-01

261

Science Teacher Efficacy and Extrinsic Factors toward Professional Development Using Video Games in a Design-Based Research Model: The Next Generation of STEM Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed-based research principles guided the study of 51 secondary-science teachers in the second year of a 3-year professional development project. The project entailed the creation of student-centered, inquiry-based, science, video games. A professional development model appropriate for infusing innovative technologies into standards-based…

Annetta, Leonard A.; Frazier, Wendy M.; Folta, Elizabeth; Holmes, Shawn; Lamb, Richard; Cheng, Meng-Tzu

2013-01-01

262

Modelling self-efficacy, self-regulation, self-directed learning and career processes of adult professionals and relations with learning outcomes and labour market success  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bijker, M. M., Van der Klink, M. R., & Boshuizen, H. P. A. (2010, 25-27 August). Modelling self-efficacy, self-regulation, self-directed learning and career processes of adult professionals and relations with learning outcomes and labour market success. Paper presented at the 5th EARLI-SIG14 Learning and Professional Development, Munich, Germany.

Monique Bijker; Marcel Van der Klink; Els Boshuizen

2010-01-01

263

Advanced Atmospheric Transport Modeling for Emergency Response  

SciTech Connect

Local and regional weather forecasts are an important component of the Department of Energy's (DOE) Savannah River Site (SRS) response capabilities in the event of hazardous accidental releases to the atmosphere. The fate of radiological or chemical releases can be determined by providing winds and turbulence input to atmospheric transport models. The Weather Information and Display (WIND) system consists of a network of computers and instruments that collect meteorological data from towers situated throughout the 800 square kilometer site, display updated results every 15 minutes, and supplies real-time data to a suite of personal computer (PC) based Gaussian dispersion models for assessing downwind hazards. It has been the primary consequence assessment tool for emergency response for many years. Several years ago, the SRS began using an advanced three-dimensional numerical model, the Regional Atmospheric Modeling System (RAMS) as a source of local forecast data for the basic WIND system models. The information RAMS provides to these dispersion models is spatially homogeneous. However, recently a more complete utilization of the spatially inhomogeneous RAMS forecasts has been realized by using a three-dimensional stochastic Lagrangian particle dispersion model (LPDM) to advect and disperse particles representing pollutant mass in the atmosphere. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the design and implementation of LPDM for use on a PC for real-time emergency response applications at the SRS.

Buckley, R.L.

2002-06-24

264

Mesoscale Modelling of the Response of Aluminas  

SciTech Connect

The response of polycrystalline alumina to shock is not well addressed. There are several operating mechanisms that only hypothesized which results in models which are empirical. A similar state of affairs in reactive flow modelling led to the development of mesoscale representations of the flow to illuminate operating mechanisms. In this spirit, a similar effort is undergone for a polycrystalline alumina. Simulations are conducted to observe operating mechanisms at the micron scale. A method is then developed to extend the simulations to meet response at the continuum level where measurements are made. The approach is validated by comparison with continuum experiments. The method and results are presented, and some of the operating mechanisms are illuminated by the observed response.

Bourne, N. K. [University of Manchester, PO Box 88, Sackville Street, Manchester, M60 1QD (United Kingdom)

2006-07-28

265

A Ballistic Model of Choice Response Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Almost all models of response time (RT) use a stochastic accumulation process. To account for the benchmark RT phenomena, researchers have found it necessary to include between-trial variability in the starting point and/or the rate of accumulation, both in linear (R. Ratcliff & J. N. Rouder, 1998) and nonlinear (M. Usher & J. L. McClelland, 2001)…

Brown, Scott; Heathcote, Andrew

2005-01-01

266

Response to Intervention (RtI) in Secondary Schools: A Comparison of the RtI Service Delivery Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative, collective case study researched how the Response to Intervention (RtI) service delivery model was used within the secondary educational environment in two Ohio schools. Areas researched included the type of professional development used to introduce and sustain RtI, the amount of administrative support, the use of universal…

Epler-Brooks, Pam L.

2011-01-01

267

Testing Linear Models for Ability Parameters in Item Response Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Methods for testing hypotheses concerning the regression parameters in linear models for the latent person parameters in item response models are presented. Three tests are outlined: A likelihood ratio test, a Lagrange multiplier test and a Wald test. The tests are derived in a marginal maximum likelihood framework. They are explicitly formulated…

Glas, Cees A. W.; Hendrawan, Irene

2005-01-01

268

Model Family Professional Partnerships for Interventions in Children with Traumatic Brain Injury.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meeting of professional experts in pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) focused on gathering current expert opinion regarding assistance to families with a child having such an injury. Quantitative data from an ethnographic survey of 214 parents on the effects of TBI on the family is summarized. Then, normalization for families of TBI children…

Pieper, Betty; Singer, George

269

Undergraduates' Intentions to Take Examinations for Professional Certification: Examinations of Four Competing Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous research on professional certification has primarily focused on graduate certificates in intensive care nursing, writing certificates for practitioners, maintenance of certification in radiation oncology, and the certification of teachers and surgeons. Research on certification in the domain of business and management from an…

Cheng, Pi-Yueh; Hsu, Ping-Kun; Chiou, Wen-Bin

2012-01-01

270

Telementoring in Community Nursing: A shift from dyadic to communal models of learning and professional development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on a six-month telementoring initiative in a Canadian community nursing organization. The way in which Internet technologies may support and augment face-to-face mentorship of health care professionals is a relatively unexplored area of research and was the focus of this project. Participants ( N =22) were all employees of Saint Elizabeth Health Care (SEHC), a community nursing

Ann Russell; Kirk Perris

2003-01-01

271

An Integrative Psychological Developmental Model of Supervision for Professional School Counselors-in-Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Professional school counselors (PSCs) at higher levels of psychological development negotiate complex situations and perform counselor-related tasks with empathy, flexibility, tolerance for ambiguity, boundary setting, personal and interpersonal awareness, and self-care more effectively than do individuals at lower levels of development. This…

Lambie, Glenn W.; Sias, Shari M.

2009-01-01

272

Promoting the Development of Professional Identity of Gerontologists: An Academic/Experiential Learning Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Graduate education in gerontology has an essential role in providing the foundational knowledge required to work with a diverse aging population. It can also play an essential role in promoting best-practice approaches for the development of professional identity as a gerontologist. The primary goal of this study was to determine what factors…

Gendron, Tracey L.; Myers, Barbara J.; Pelco, Lynn E.; Welleford, E. Ayn

2013-01-01

273

"Drama for Schools": Teacher Change in an Applied Theatre Professional Development Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Applied theatre often draws upon critical pedagogy and constructivist methodology as a way to bring participants into direct engagement with their own learning experiences. As learners, adults bring a wealth of perspectives that further affect how they interact with an applied theatre experience. "Drama for Schools" (DFS) is a professional

Dawson, Kathryn; Cawthon, Stephanie W.; Baker, Sally

2011-01-01

274

NEW MODEL FOR APPLIED UNIVERSITY RESEARCH AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT: TREN URBANO PROGRAM  

Microsoft Academic Search

In preparation for operating its first modern urban rail transit system, Puerto Rico faces the challenge of creating the human resources knowledgeable in rail transit as well as the construction of the physical infrastructure itself. Because a rail transit system takes a generation or more to build, typically over several phases, professional development is aimed at the students currently in

J M Izquierdo-Encarnacion; Lydia Elena Mercado; Benjamín Colucci; Frederick Salvucci; Nigel Wilson

2002-01-01

275

A Year-Round Professional Development Model for World Language Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Bay Area Foreign Language Program (BAFLP), one of nine regional sites of the California Foreign Language Project, offers ongoing, year-round professional development programs for world language educators. In addition, its leadership program prepares selected educators to assume leadership positions at their school sites, building capacity for…

Steele, Tracy M.; Peterson, Margaret D.; Silva, Duarte M.; Padilla, Amado M.

2009-01-01

276

Integrative Psycho-Pedagogical Model of Early Childhood Education Professionals in the Kibbutzim in Israel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The changes in the kibbutzim went through a transition from a collectivistic society to an individualistic one, with an emphasis on family units. Parents found themselves in a new role that was not passed to them by inter-generational transfer, while caregivers lost their socialisation roles, expressed by exhaustion and low professional

Plotnik, Ronit; Wahle, Nira

2010-01-01

277

‘Train the Trainer’ Model: Implications for Health Professionals and Farm Family Health in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Australia is a large country with 60% of land used for agricultural production. Its interior is sparsely populated, with higher morbidity and mortality recorded in rural areas, particularly farmers, farm families, and agricultural workers. Rural health professionals in addressing health education gaps of farming groups have reported using behavioralist approaches. These approaches in isolation have been criticized as disempowering for

Susan Brumby; Andrew Smith

2009-01-01

278

Online Learning in the Workplace: A Hybrid Model of Participation in Networked, Professional Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The design and conceptualisation of online learning environments for work-related, professional learning was addressed through research with users of an online environment for social workers. The core questions for the research were to identify the nature of participation in the online environment, the relationship between online participation and…

Thorpe, Mary; Gordon, Jean

2012-01-01

279

Ethical Decision Making: A Teaching and Learning Model for Graduate Students and New Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student affairs practitioners are inundated with a variety of ethical considerations when making day-to-day decisions regarding the welfare of students and colleagues. There is every reason to believe that confronting ethical issues will be an increasingly difficult issue for student affairs professionals in the future. This article provides a…

McDonald, William M.; Ebelhar, Marcus Walker; Orehovec, Elizabeth R.; Sanderson, Robyn H.

2006-01-01

280

Promoting the Development of Professional Identity of Gerontologists: An Academic/Experiential Learning Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate education in gerontology has an essential role in providing the foundational knowledge required to work with a diverse aging population. It can also play an essential role in promoting best-practice approaches for the development of professional identity as a gerontologist. The primary goal of this study was to determine what factors…

Gendron, Tracey L.; Myers, Barbara J.; Pelco, Lynn E.; Welleford, E. Ayn

2013-01-01

281

Exploring a Professional Learning Community Model and Student Achievement in a Virtual Middle School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Middle school online academies represent a new trend in distance education. The U. S. Department of Education reported that 25% of all public school districts now utilize some form of online or distance learning options. This action research study sought to discover if the implementation of formative benchmark assessments through a professional

Terry, Karen A.

2009-01-01

282

Chemistry Teachers' Emerging Expertise in Inquiry Teaching: The Effect of a Professional Development Model on Beliefs and Practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigates the beliefs and practices of seven high school chemistry teachers as a result of their participation in a year-long inquiry professional development (PD) project. An analysis of oral interviews, written reflections, and in-class observations were used to determine the extent to which the PD affected the teachers' beliefs and practice. The data indicated that the teachers developed more complete conceptions of classroom inquiry, valued a "phenomena first" approach to scientific investigations, and viewed inquiry approaches as helpful for facilitating improved student thinking. Analysis of classroom observations with the Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol indicated that features of the PD were observed in the teachers' practice during the academic year follow-up. Implications for effective science teacher professional development models are discussed.

Rushton, Gregory T.; Lotter, Christine; Singer, Jonathan

2011-02-01

283

A motivational model for environmentally responsible behavior.  

PubMed

This paper presents a study examining whether self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation are related to environmentally responsible behavior (ERB). The study analysed past environmental behavior, self-regulatory mechanisms (self-efficacy, satisfaction, goals), and intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in relation to ERBs in a sample of 156 university students. Results show that all the motivational variables studied are linked to ERB. The effects of self-efficacy on ERB are mediated by the intrinsic motivation responses of the participants. A theoretical model was created by means of path analysis, revealing the power of motivational variables to predict ERB. Structural equation modeling was used to test and fit the research model. The role of motivational variables is discussed with a view to creating adequate learning contexts and experiences to generate interest and new sensations in which self-efficacy and affective reactions play an important role. PMID:22774439

Tabernero, Carmen; Hernández, Bernardo

2012-07-01

284

Developing Online Professional Resources in Nutrition Sciences  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet and World Wide Web have created enormous opportunities for nutrition professionals to develop resources useful to professionals and students. The Web Site Development Model (WSDM) was used to develop Professional Resources in Nutrition Sciences (PRINS), a web-based resource. PRINS provides online access to resources such as job web sites and search engines, nutrition related organizations; professional associations; professional

M. Tomita; R. Schnoll

1999-01-01

285

Response  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's response to the reviews of his book, "The Good Life of Teaching: An Ethics of Professional Practice." He begins by highlighting some of the main concerns of his book. He then offers a brief response, doing his best to address the main criticisms of his argument and noting where the four reviewers (Charlene…

Higgins, Chris

2012-01-01

286

The Unique Correspondence of the Item Response Function and the Item Category Response Functions in Polytomously Scored Item Response Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper establishes the correspondence between an item response function and a unique set of item category response functions for the partial credit model and the graded response model. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. (SLD)|

Chang, Hua-Hua; Mazzeo, John

1994-01-01

287

A Flexible Latent Trait Model for Response Times in Tests  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Latent trait models for response times in tests have become popular recently. One challenge for response time modeling is the fact that the distribution of response times can differ considerably even in similar tests. In order to reduce the need for tailor-made models, a model is proposed that unifies two popular approaches to response time…

Ranger, Jochen; Kuhn, Jorg-Tobias

2012-01-01

288

Population-expression models of immune response.  

PubMed

The immune response to a pathogen has two basic features. The first is the expansion of a few pathogen-specific cells to form a population large enough to control the pathogen. The second is the process of differentiation of cells from an initial naive phenotype to an effector phenotype which controls the pathogen, and subsequently to a memory phenotype that is maintained and responsible for long-term protection. The expansion and the differentiation have been considered largely independently. Changes in cell populations are typically described using ecologically based ordinary differential equation models. In contrast, differentiation of single cells is studied within systems biology and is frequently modeled by considering changes in gene and protein expression in individual cells. Recent advances in experimental systems biology make available for the first time data to allow the coupling of population and high dimensional expression data of immune cells during infections. Here we describe and develop population-expression models which integrate these two processes into systems biology on the multicellular level. When translated into mathematical equations, these models result in non-conservative, non-local advection-diffusion equations. We describe situations where the population-expression approach can make correct inference from data while previous modeling approaches based on common simplifying assumptions would fail. We also explore how model reduction techniques can be used to build population-expression models, minimizing the complexity of the model while keeping the essential features of the system. While we consider problems in immunology in this paper, we expect population-expression models to be more broadly applicable. PMID:23735782

Stromberg, Sean P; Antia, Rustom; Nemenman, Ilya

2013-06-04

289

Are we proper role models for students? Interns' perception of faculty and residents' professional behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

AimThis study was conducted to assess interns' level of exposure to different aspects of professional attitude and behaviour among faculty and residents.MethodsIn this descriptive study, 218 interns in surgery and internal medicine wards at four teaching hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Sciences were enrolled during the first semester of the 2007\\/2008 academic year. Each intern completed one questionnaire for

Fariba Asghari; Nazila Nikravan Fard; Arash Atabaki

2011-01-01

290

Modeling the determinants of customer satisfaction for business-to-business professional services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research empirically examines for the first time the determinants of customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction (CS\\/D)\\u000a in the context of business professional services. The simultaneous effect of key CS\\/D constructs (expectations, performance,\\u000a and disconfirmation) and several variables—fairness (equity), purchase situation (novelty, importance, and complexity)—and\\u000a individual-level variables (decision uncertainty and stakeholding) are examined in a causal path framework. Data were obtained

Paul G. Patterson; Lester W. Johnson; Richard A. Spreng

1997-01-01

291

Exploring a Model of Situated Professional Development: Impact on Classroom Practice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A hallmark of current science education reform involves teaching through inquiry. However, the widespread use of inquiry-based instruction in many classrooms has not occurred (Roehrig and Luft in Int J Sci Educ 26:3-24, 2004; Schneider et al. in J Res Sci Teach 42:283-312, 2005). The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a professional development program on middle school science teachers' ability to enact inquiry-based pedagogical practices. Data were generated through evaluation of teacher practice using the Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol (RTOP) (Sawada et al. in School Sci Math 102:245-253, 2002) at three distinct junctures, before, during, and after the professional development treatment. Analysis of teacher-participant post-institute reflections was then utilized to determine the perceived role of the various institute components. Statistical significant changes in RTOP scores indicated that the teachers were able to successfully transfer the enactment of the inquiry-based practices into their classrooms. The subsequent discussion provides connection between these pedagogical changes with use of professional development strategies that provide a situated learning environment.

Singer, Jonathan; Lotter, Christine; Feller, Robert; Gates, Harry

2011-04-01

292

Perspective: Organizational professionalism: relevant competencies and behaviors.  

PubMed

The professionalism behaviors of physicians have been extensively discussed and defined; however, the professionalism behaviors of health care organizations have not been systemically categorized or described. Defining organizational professionalism is important because the behaviors of a health care organization may substantially impact the behaviors of physicians and others within the organization as well as other institutions and the larger community. In this article, the authors discuss the following competencies of organizational professionalism, derived from ethical values: service, respect, fairness, integrity, accountability, mindfulness, and self-motivation. How nonprofit health care organizations can translate these competencies into behaviors is described. For example, incorporating metrics of population health into assessments of corporate success may increase collaboration among regional health care organizations while also benefiting the community. The unique responsibilities of leadership to model these competencies, promote them in the community, and develop relevant organizational strategies are clarified. These obligations elevate the importance of the executive leadership's capacity for self-reflection and the governing boards' responsibility for mapping operational activities to organizational mission. Lastly, the authors consider how medical organizations are currently addressing professionalism challenges. In an environment made turbulent by regulatory change and financial constraints, achieving proficiency in professionalism competencies can assist nonprofit health care organizations to promote population health and the well-being of their workforces. PMID:22450182

Egener, Barry; McDonald, Walter; Rosof, Bernard; Gullen, David

2012-05-01

293

A model for xenogenic immune response  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To develop a model for analyzing the immune response after xenogenic human fetal retinal pigment epithelium (HFRPE) transplantation.\\u000a Materials and methods: Pure sheets of HFRPE cells were isolated and attached to poly (dl-lactide-co-glycolide) polymer films and HFRPE spheroids were formed. The spheroids were transplanted into the subretinal\\u000a space of New Zealand albino rabbits and were observed for 5 months.

Kourous A. Rezai; Lili Farrokh-Siar; Ken Godowski; Samir C. Patel; J. Terry Ernest

2000-01-01

294

Critical Reflections on Working with Diverse Families: Culturally Responsive Professional Development Strategies for Early Childhood and Early Childhood Special Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Professional development that focuses on supporting teachers' abilities to work with diverse families is keenly needed. This article outlines three instructional strategies and how they were used with undergraduate students in an inclusive early childhood teacher education program: (a) involving diverse family members as instructional supports;…

Maude, Susan P.; Hodges, Lisa Naig; Brotherson, Mary Jane; Hughes-Belding, Kere; Peck, Nancy; Weigel, Cindy; Sharp, Lisa

2009-01-01

295

A Stochastic Response Model with Application to Brand Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops a model which is an extension of a class of stochastic response models first proposed by Coleman [Coleman, J. A. 1964a. Models of Change and Response Uncertainty. Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey.]. In its present form the model applies to the binary response situation. The model postulates a population of respondents who are heterogeneous with respect

David B. Montgomery

1969-01-01

296

Professional development for inclusive schooling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional development aims to impact upon teacher knowledge, teacher practice and thus change student outcomes. Some of the most effective examples of professional development have focussed on active involvement of staff and administration in the process and have been extensive and progressive in nature. In this paper, we report on the implementation of a model of professional development in which

Robyn Robinson; Suzanne Carrington

2002-01-01

297

How parents view professional behaviors: A cross-professional analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the responses of more than 900 parents of children with serious emotional disorders to survey questions about the importance and frequency of professional behaviors and compared these responses across professions. The findings indicated that parents with lower income and less education tended to work more with social workers, counselors, and teachers, less with psychologists and psychiatrists. Professional

Barbara J. Friesen; Paul E. Koren; Nancy M. Koroloff

1992-01-01

298

Enhancing entrepreneurship and professionalism in medical informatics instruction: a collaborative training model.  

PubMed

This report describes an innovative training program designed to foster entrepreneurship and professionalism in students interested in the field of medical informatics. The course was developed through a private-public interinstitutional collaboration involving four academic institutions, one private firm specializing in health care information management systems, and a philanthropic organization. The program challenged students to serve in multiple roles on multidisciplinary teams and develop an innovative hand-held solution for drug information retrieval. Although the course was technically and behaviorally rigorous and required extensive hands-on experience in a nontraditional learning environment, both students and faculty responded positively. PMID:15064292

Carroll, Cathryn A; Rychlewski, Walt; Teat, Marty; Clawson, Darrin

2004-04-02

299

The Graded Unfolding Model: A Unidimensional Item Response Model for Unfolding Graded Responses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Binary or graded disagree-agree responses to attitude items are often collected for the purpose of attitude measurement. Although such data are sometimes analyzed with cumulative measurement models, recent investigations suggest that unfolding models are more appropriate (J. S. Roberts, 1995; W. H. Van Schuur and H. A. L. Kiers, 1994). Advances in…

Roberts, James S.; Laughlin, James E.

300

Constitutive Modeling of Shock Response of Ptfe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a complex semicrystalline polymer with four pressure and temperature dependent crystalline phases. As has been recently studied, the crystalline region grows with load. Shock-wave profiles reported from embedded gauges demonstrate features that may be related to impedance mismatches between the regions subjected to some transitions resulting in density and modulus variations. We consider the amorphous-to-crystalline and the high-pressure Phase II-III transitions in the current simulation analysis. The present work utilizes a multi-phase rate sensitive model to describe shock response of the PTFE material. One-dimensional experimental shock wave histories are compared with calculated profiles using kinetics describing the transitions. The objective of this study is to understand the role of the various transitions in the shock response of PTFE.

Resnyansky, A. D.; Bourne, N. K.; Millett, J. C. F.; Brown, E. N.

2009-12-01

301

MODELING VENTILATION SYSTEM RESPONSE TO FIRE  

SciTech Connect

Fires in facilities containing nuclear material have the potential to transport radioactive contamination throughout buildings and may lead to widespread downwind dispersal threatening both worker and public safety. Development and implementation of control strategies capable of providing adequate protection from fire requires realistic characterization of ventilation system response which, in turn, depends on an understanding of fire development timing and suppression system response. This paper discusses work in which published HEPA filter data was combined with CFAST fire modeling predictions to evaluate protective control strategies for a hypothetical DOE non-reactor nuclear facility. The purpose of this effort was to evaluate when safety significant active ventilation coupled with safety class passive ventilation might be a viable control strategy.

Coutts, D

2007-04-17

302

Modeling of optical gel electroactive response  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper a model is postulated to describe the optical response of an electroactive polymer hydrogel due to applied electrical fields. This model consists of a series of several modules: an electrical module that identifies the relationship between the applied voltage/current, electrode location and material and applied electrical field; a chemical module that correlates the percentage monomer in the gel, percentage cross linker, solvent ionic strength and pH; a mechanical module that employs the output of the chemical module to calculate deformation, taking into consideration experimentally measured elastic and viscoelastic characteristics; an optical module that will incorporate results from the previous modules to yield important optical characteristics (such as focal length and refractive index). It is anticipated that ultimately this model will set the required voltage to produce particular optical characteristics. Using an elastic modulus of 2160 Pa, a Poisson's ratio of 0.33 and experimentally measured gel response force of 0.1 N has resulted in a mechanical module which fully describes the gel motion. This result is promising; however, the mechanical module is currently using elastic properties, whereas viscoelastic properties are ideally needed.

Paxton, Robert A.; Al-Jumaily, Ahmed M.; Ramos, Maximiano V.; Easteal, Allan J.

2004-07-01

303

Modelling the vestibular head tilt response.  

PubMed

This paper attempts to verify the existence of potentially diagnostically significant periodic signals thought to exist in recordings of neural activity originating from the vestibular nerve, following a single tilt of the head. It then attempts to find the physiological basis of this signal, in particular focusing on the mechanical response of the vestibular system. Simple mechanical models of the semi circular canals having angular velocities applied to them were looked at. A simple single canal model was simulated using CFX software. Finally, a simple model of all three canals with elastic duct walls and a moving cupula was constructed. Pressure waves within the canals were simulated using water hammer or pressure transient theory. In particular, it was investigated whether pressure waves within the utricle following a square pulse angular velocity applied to the canal(s) may be responsible for quasi-periodic oscillatory signals. The simulations showed that there are no pressure waves resonating within the canals following a square pulse angular velocity applied to the canal(s). The results show that the oscillatory signals are most likely not mechanical in origin. It was concluded that further investigation is required. PMID:15920988

Heibert, D; Lithgow, B

2005-03-01

304

A new piezoelectric response model for population growth of bacteria  

Microsoft Academic Search

A piezoelectric response model on the population growth of microorganism is proposed. This model is based on a novel population growth model, which has a more obvious ecological meaning and the fact that the series piezoelectric quartz crystal (SPQC) sensor responses to conductivity changes of the medium during the growth of the microorganism. From the response model four parameters can

Lili Bao; Huwei Tan; Le Deng; Wanzhi Wei

1998-01-01

305

Modeling the shock response of submerged structures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The task of modelling the shock response of submerged structures has always been implemented in the time domain, in constrast to the frequency domain approch used for structural acoustic modeling of radiation and scattering. One approach used to create time domain representations of the interaction of the structure and the surrounding fluid is to develop a finite element simulation in which a large domain of the fluid is included in the mesh. Because this procedure leads to a very large model that strains avaiable computer resources, it limits the fidelity with which the structure may be modeled. For this reason approximate procedures that replace the fluid with an impedance-type conditions have been derived. Of these, the most widely implemented is the doubly-asymptotic approximation (DAA), which has been developed in a variety of versions. This paper discusses a method for testing the accuracy of DAA in modeling fluid-structure interaction for realistically shape submerged structure. The approach uses the frequency-domain equivalent of the time-domain DAA differential equations, and then compares it to the results obtained from a standard structural acoustics approach of known accuracy.

Ginsburg, Jerry H.

1994-12-01

306

Biological Event Modeling for Response Planning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

People worldwide continue to fear a naturally occurring or terrorist-initiated biological event. Responsible decision makers have begun to prepare for such a biological event, but critical policy and system questions remain: What are the best courses of action to prepare for and react to such an outbreak? Where resources should be stockpiled? How many hospital resources—doctors, nurses, intensive-care beds—will be required? Will quarantine be necessary? Decision analysis tools, particularly modeling and simulation, offer ways to address and help answer these questions.

McGowan, Clement; Cecere, Fred; Darneille, Robert; Laverdure, Nate

307

Ovine model for studying pulmonary immune responses  

SciTech Connect

Anatomical features of the sheep lung make it an excellent model for studying pulmonary immunity. Four specific lung segments were identified which drain exclusively to three separate lymph nodes. One of these segments, the dorsal basal segment of the right lung, is drained by the caudal mediastinal lymph node (CMLN). Cannulation of the efferent lymph duct of the CMLN along with highly localized intrabronchial instillation of antigen provides a functional unit with which to study factors involved in development of pulmonary immune responses. Following intrabronchial immunization there was an increased output of lymphoblasts and specific antibody-forming cells in efferent CMLN lymph. Continuous divergence of efferent lymph eliminated the serum antibody response but did not totally eliminate the appearance of specific antibody in fluid obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage. In these studies localized immunization of the right cranial lobe served as a control. Efferent lymphoblasts produced in response to intrabronchial antigen were labeled with /sup 125/I-iododeoxyuridine and their migrational patterns and tissue distribution compared to lymphoblasts obtained from the thoracic duct. The results indicated that pulmonary immunoblasts tend to relocate in lung tissue and reappear with a higher specific activity in pulmonary lymph than in thoracic duct lymph. The reverse was observed with labeled intestinal lymphoblasts. 35 references, 2 figures, 3 tables.

Joel, D.D.; Chanana, A.D.

1984-11-25

308

Modeling the thermospheric response to solar flares  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measurements of the incoming solar extreme ultraviolet (EUV) irradiance now allow models to be driven at higher temporal resolution and with better accuracy than with proxy-based models. Using solar irradiance measurements from the Solar EUV Experiment (SEE) instrument to drive the Global Ionosphere-Thermosphere Model, the global thermospheric response to the 28 October 2003 and 6 November 2004 solar flares is presented. The model indicates that the thermospheric density at 400 km can increase by as much as 14.6% in under 2 hours because of the flare and takes 12 hours to settle to close to a nominal state. Intense dayside heating launches nightward propagating gravity waves that transport energy efficiently to the nightside at velocities near the local sound speed plus the bulk wind velocity. Measurements from the Champ satellite indicate that the simulated day to night propagation time is similar to the observed one. Substantial density enhancements occur near the midnight sector as the wave converges on itself. In some locations the nightside perturbations are as large as those on the dayside. The convergence of the wave also leads to significant adiabatic heating of the nightside thermosphere. Eventually, the wave is reflected back toward the dayside but is quickly damped.

Pawlowski, David J.; Ridley, Aaron J.

2008-10-01

309

Social and professional support needs of families after perinatal loss.  

PubMed

Perinatal loss has been associated with depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, suicide, marital conflict, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Nurses may provide professional support through teaching, role modeling, encouragement, counseling, problem solving, and other interventions. Nurses also may encourage more effective social support by helping significant others to provide willing, well-intentioned action that will produce a positive response in the bereaved couple. Interventions to increase professional and social support after perinatal loss are described. PMID:16227519

Hutti, Marianne H

310

Factors affecting professional competence of information technology professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Design and development of effective information technology (IT) based systems depends upon a staff of competent information technology professionals (ITPs). Due to the rapid pace of technological innovation, diverging application of IT, and changing role responsibilities of ITPs, it is becoming increasingly difficult for ITPs to maintain up-to-date professional competency.Although not extensively examined in IT research, professional obsolescence threats have

J. Ellis Blanton; Thomas Schambach; Kenneth J. Trimmer

1998-01-01

311

A Lognormal Model for Response Times on Test Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A lognormal model for the response times of a person on a set of test items is investigated. The model has a parameter structure analogous to the two-parameter logistic response models in item response theory, with a parameter for the speed of each person as well as parameters for the time intensity and discriminating power of each item. It is…

van der Linden, Wim J.

2006-01-01

312

Multidimensional Vector Model of Stimulus–Response Compatibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study proposes and examines the multidimensional vector (MDV) model framework as a modeling schema for choice response times. MDV extends the Thurstonian model, as well as signal detection theory, to classification tasks by taking into account the influence of response properties on stimulus discrimination. It is capable of accounting for stimulus–response compatibility, which is known to be an

Motonori Yamaguchi; Robert W. Proctor

2012-01-01

313

Bioadhesion to model thermally responsive surfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation focuses on the characterization of two surfaces: mixed self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) of hexa(ethylene glycol) and alkyl thiolates (mixed SAM) and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm). The synthesis of hexa(ethylene gylcol) alkyl thiol (C11EG 6OH) is presented along with the mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance results. The gold substrates were imaged prior to SAM formation with atomic force micrscopy (AFM). Average surface roughness of the gold substrate was 0.44 nm, 0.67 nm, 1.65 nm for 15, 25 and 60 nm gold thickness, respectively. The height of the mixed SAM was measured by ellipsometry and varied from 13 to 28°A depending on surface mole fraction of C11EG6OH. The surface mole fraction of C11EG6OH for the mixed SAM was determined by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) with optimal thermal responsive behavior in the range of 0.4 to 0.6. The mixed SAM surface was confirmed to be thermally responsive by contact angle goniometry, 35° at 28°C and ˜55° at 40°C. In addition, the mixed SAM surfaces were confirmed to be thermally responsive for various aqueous mediums by tensiometry. Factors such as oxygen, age, and surface mole fraction and how they affect the thermal responsive of the mixed SAM are discussed. Lastly, rat fibroblasts were grown on the mixed SAM and imaged by phase contrast microscopy to show inhibition of attachment at temperatures below the molecular transition. Qualitative and quantitative measurements of the fibroblast adhesion data are provided that support the hypothesis of the mixed SAM exhibits a dominantly non-fouling molecular conformation at 25°C whereas it exhibits a dominantly fouling molecular conformation at 40°C. The adhesion of six model proteins: bovine serum albumin, collagen, pyruvate kinase, cholera toxin subunit B, ribonuclease, and lysozyme to the model thermally responsive mixed SAM were examined using AFM. All six proteins possessed adhesion to the pure component alkyl thiol, in contrast possessed no adhesion to the pure component C11EG6OH SAM at both temperatures examined, 25 and 40°C. The protein adhesion data to the mixed SAM also supports the hypothesis that the mixed SAM displays a non-fouling molecular conformation at 25°C whereas it displays a dominantly fouling molecular conformation at 40°C. Advancing contact angles obtained through tensiometry were used to find the surface free energy of the mixed SAM before and after the thermal response using the van Oss-Good-Chaudhury method. The surface tension values obtained, 42 and 38 mN/m for 22 and 40°C, respectively, are not dissimilar enough with regard to error to make conclusions. In a similar manner, the surface free energy of another mixed SAM composed of alkyl and trimethylamine thiolates was also calculated. PNIPAAm brushes grown on a silicon substrate by atom-transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) were imaged by AFM and characterized by XPS. The height of the resulting brushes could be controlled from ˜5 to 55 nm by reaction time. A thermal response was observed for polymer brushes with a length greater than 20 nm. For polymer brush lengths greater than 20 nm, the static contact angle at 22°C was 35° and varied from 60 to 80° at 40°C. The thermal response was also observed using the captive bubble method. Force-distance curves of the PNIPAAm brushes were taken with an unmodified silicon nitride AFM cantilever at incremental temperature steps. At room temperature the force-distance data was fit to the Alexander-de Gennes model resulting in a hydrated polymer length of 235 nm. The Young's modulus was calculated using the Hertz model and changed from ˜80 MPa at 26°C to ˜350 MPa at 40°C. The solvent condition of the Alexander-de Gennes model was set to the case of good solvent and showed close match to the force-distance data at 26°C. The match was not as close when the solvent condition was set to theta solvent condition and compared to the force-distance data at 40°C. Finally, the effective diffusion coefficients of a dye were obtained for the uptake, encapsulation, a

Andrzejewski, Brett Paul

314

Mixture randomized item-response modeling: a smoking behavior validation study.  

PubMed

Misleading response behavior is expected in medical settings where incriminating behavior is negatively related to the recovery from a disease. In the present study, lung patients feel social and professional pressure concerning smoking and experience questions about smoking behavior as sensitive and tend to conceal embarrassing or threatening information. The randomized item-response survey method is expected to improve the accuracy of self-reports as individual item responses are masked and only randomized item responses are observed. We explored the validation of the randomized item-response technique in a unique experimental study. Therefore, we administered a new multi-item measure assessing smoking behavior by using a treatment-control design (randomized response (RR) or direct questioning). After the questionnaire, we administered a breath test by using a carbon monoxide (CO) monitor to determine the smoking status of the patient. We used the response data to measure the individual smoking behavior by using a mixture item-response model. It is shown that the detected smokers scored significantly higher in the RR condition compared with the directly questioned condition. We proposed a Bayesian latent variable framework to evaluate the diagnostic test accuracy of the questionnaire using the randomized-response technique, which is based on the posterior densities of the subject's smoking behavior scores together with the breath test measurements. For different diagnostic test thresholds, we obtained moderate posterior mean estimates of sensitivity and specificity by observing a limited number of discrete randomized item responses. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:23754756

Fox, J-P; Avetisyan, M; van der Palen, J

2013-06-10

315

Legal Implications of Models of Individual and Group Treatment by Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contrasts between the medical model and the teaching model in public education are so great that medical malpractice principles are not a reliable guide to an emerging law of educational malpractice. (Author/IRT)

Lynch, Patrick D.

1980-01-01

316

District professional development models as a way to introduce primary?school teachers to natural science curriculum reforms in one district in South Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on a study that investigated whether district continued professional development (CPD) sufficiently prepared teachers for their classroom practice. Analysis of CPD models used with primary?school natural science teachers in a district in the Eastern Cape Province in South Africa was conducted. Findings indicated that the district CPD models used with the teachers did not address the various

Bongani D. Bantwini

2009-01-01

317

Modeling controlled release from responsive microgel capsules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We introduce a coarse-grained computational method that explicitly captures the release of nanoparticles and macromolecules from responsive microgel capsules. The model is based on the dissipative particle dynamics. Our simulations reveal that not only swelling, but also deswelling of hollow microcapsules can be harnessed for controlled release. We show that the release from swollen capsules is diffusion driven, whereas the release from deswelling gel capsules occurs due to the flow of encapsulated solvent that is expelled from the shrinking capsule interior. The latter hydrodynamic release is burst-like and continues only during capsule deswelling. We find that deformable polymer chains that can easily penetrate thorough membrane pores are released in larger amounts from deswelling capsules, than nanoparticles that are filtered out by shrinking membrane pores. Our simulations further demonstrate that the inclusion of rigid microrods inside deswelling capsules mitigates the membrane pore closing, and, in this fashion, provides an effective method for regulating the rate of hydrodynamic release of nanoparticles.

Alexeev, Alexander; Masoud, Hassan

2012-02-01

318

Constitutive modeling of shock response of PTFE  

SciTech Connect

The PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) material is complex and attracts attention of the shock physics researchers because it has amorphous and crystalline components. In turn, the crystalline component has four known phases with the high pressure transition to phase III. At the same time, as has been recently studied using spectrometry, the crystalline region is growing with load. Stress and velocity shock-wave profiles acquired recently with embedded gauges demonstrate feature that may be related to impedance mismatches between the regions subjected to some transitions resulting in density and modulus variations. We consider the above mentioned amorphous-to-crystalline transition and the high pressure Phase II-to-III transitions as possible candidates for the analysis. The present work utilizes a multi-phase rate sensitive model to describe shock response of the PTFE material. One-dimensional experimental shock wave profiles are compared with calculated profiles with the kinetics describing the transitions. The objective of this study is to understand the role of the various transitions in the shock response of PTFE.

Brown, Eric N [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reanyansky, Anatoly D [DSTO, AUSTRALIA; Bourne, Neil K [AWE, UK; Millett, Jeremy C F [AWE, UK

2009-01-01

319

Constitutive modelling of shock response of PTFE  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) material is complex and attracts attention of the shock physics researchers because it has amorphous and crystalline components. In turn, the crystalline component has four known phases with the Phase II-to-III transition in shock waves. At the same time, as has been recently studied using spectrometry, the crystalline region is growing with load as well. Stress and velocity shock-wave profiles acquired recently with embedded gauges demonstrate features that may be related to impedance mis-matches between the regions subjected to some transitions resulting in density and modulus variations. We consider the above mentioned amorphous-to-crystalline transition and the high pressure Phase II-to-III transitions as possible candidates for the analysis. The present work utilizes a multi-phase rate sensitive model to describe shock response of the PTFE material. One-dimensional shock wave experimental profiles are compared with calculated profiles with the kinetics describing the transitions. The objective of this study is to understand the role of the various transitions in the shock response of PTFE.

Resnyansky, Anatoly; Bourne, Neil; Millett, Jeremy; Brown, Eric

2009-06-01

320

Evaluation of the Pacific CHILD Professional Development Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pacific Communities with High-performance In Literacy Development (Pacific CHILD) Professional Development Model research project was initiated in response to an overwhelming need in Pacific Resources for Education and Learning's (PREL's) Pacific service region to improve teachers' knowledge and instructional practices in early reading. The design, development, and piloting of the model have been the work of PREL's Regional Educational

Roger Chesswas; Scott S. Keir; Eunice Leung; Wayne Terada

321

TIDALLY HEATED TERRESTRIAL EXOPLANETS: VISCOELASTIC RESPONSE MODELS  

SciTech Connect

Tidal friction in exoplanet systems, driven by orbits that allow for durable nonzero eccentricities at short heliocentric periods, can generate internal heating far in excess of the conditions observed in our own solar system. Secular perturbations or a notional 2:1 resonance between a hot Earth and hot Jupiter can be used as a baseline to consider the thermal evolution of convecting bodies subject to strong viscoelastic tidal heating. We compare results first from simple models using a fixed Quality factor and Love number, and then for three different viscoelastic rheologies: the Maxwell body, the Standard Anelastic Solid (SAS), and the Burgers body. The SAS and Burgers models are shown to alter the potential for extreme tidal heating by introducing the possibility of new equilibria and multiple response peaks. We find that tidal heating tends to exceed radionuclide heating at periods below 10-30 days, and exceed insolation only below 1-2 days. Extreme cases produce enough tidal heat to initiate global-scale partial melting, and an analysis of tidal limiting mechanisms such as advective cooling for earthlike planets is discussed. To explore long-term behaviors, we map equilibria points between convective heat loss and tidal heat input as functions of eccentricity. For the periods and magnitudes discussed, we show that tidal heating, if significant, is generally detrimental to the width of habitable zones.

Henning, Wade G.; O'Connell, Richard J. [Earth and Planetary Science Department, Harvard University, 20 Oxford Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Sasselov, Dimitar D., E-mail: henning@fas.harvard.ed [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States)

2009-12-20

322

Nested Logit Models for Multiple-Choice Item Response Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Nested logit item response models for multiple-choice data are presented. Relative to previous models, the new models are suggested to provide a better approximation to multiple-choice items where the application of a solution strategy precedes consideration of response options. In practice, the models also accommodate collapsibility across all…

Suh, Youngsuk; Bolt, Daniel M.

2010-01-01

323

Discrete Latent Markov Models for Normally Distributed Response Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Van de Pol and Langeheine (1990) presented a general framework for Markov modeling of repeatedly measured discrete data. We discuss analogical single indicator models for normally distributed responses. In contrast to discrete models, which have been studied extensively, analogical continuous response models have hardly been considered. These…

Schmittmann, Verena D.; Dolan, Conor V.; van der Maas, Han L. J.; Neale, Michael C.

2005-01-01

324

Assessing Professionalism in Early Medical Education: Experience with Peer Evaluation and Self-evaluation in the Gross Anatomy Course  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: As today's healthcare model moves toward more streamlined and corporate industrialism, it is our responsibility, as doctors, to ensure the integrity of medicine's foundation in professionalism. The erosion of professional values not only creates a climate of animosity, but reverberates negatively to impact the development of students, who model their behaviour after those they most respect. This hazard has

AJ Krych; SW Carmichael; W Pawlina

2005-01-01

325

A Model for Teacher Professional Development Using Mapping Technologies to Foster Authentic Research in Earth/Environmental Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Within the framework of the 5-Step Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Leadership Model, developed by Stubbs, Devine and Hagevik, this study addressed the effectiveness using new mapping technologies to provide authentic research experiences for teachers in Earth/Environmental Science. The 5-Step Model is cumulative, with each step increasing in complexity, taking the participant from learning a base of computer skills and earth/environmental science concepts all the way to independently conducting field research. Through a problem-solving approach, teachers build upon their own understandings and share them with their students. Online learning, support systems, research scientist collaboration, and direct pedagogical instruction are the essential components of this program. For example, in the second step of the model, teachers and students use the online Mapping Our School Site (MOSS)c curriculum and CITYgreenc GIS to investigate their school campuses. A support system of Teacher Leaders, scientists, and community collaborators has been established through electronic communications and site visits. Scientific content and pedagogy is infused into the steps of this model in the direct teaching of spatial thinking skills to the teachers and strategies on how to transfer these skills to their students. The success of this approach results in teacher expertise and a new found confidence in conducting authentic scientific research using new mapping technologies. This study confirmed that a significant number of teachers proceeded to implement authentic student research using mapping technologies to teach earth/environmental science in their classrooms up to two years after completing the professional development.

Hagevik, R.; Watson, M.

2004-12-01

326

Evaluating Teachers as Professionals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document outlines a practical teacher evaluation system that avoids the fatal invalidities of present methods. The recommended approach treats teachers as responsible professionals undertaking to perform certain duties while retaining considerable autonomy in discharging them. While teachers acknowledge a need for accountability and…

Scriven, Michael

327

Professional Development of Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is suggested that, among executives in higher education, particularly in operations management, professional development needs attention. Consideration is given to weaknesses in operations management, inadquacies of career ladders, departmental responsibilities, deanship duties, vice-presidential and presidential development, and reasons for…

Millett, John D.

1978-01-01

328

The Impact of a Mentor-Coaching Model on Teacher Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the mentor-coach initiative model on participating Head Start Programs. The researchers interviewed 44 participants across two mid-western states. The participants provided positive feedback about the initiative and identified specific literacy practices based on this model that were…

Onchwari, Grace; Keengwe, Jared

2008-01-01

329

Research and Practice on Blended Learning Model of Professional Courses in Higher-education Universities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this article are to present the design of learning model (Blended Learning [BL]) based engineering educational ideas. BL is an organic integration which is through face to face learning and virtual environments. The model was designed to help student improve the ability of knowledge practice and application. Using Merrill's first principles combined with engineering education ideas, my

Xingli Liu; Dongsheng Zhao

2010-01-01

330

Nurse practitioner/physician collaborative practice: an integrative model for professional peer review.  

PubMed

As chief nursing officers partner with physician colleagues to create collaborative models of practice across the care continuum, the role of peer review in achieving quality outcomes cannot be overlooked. This article describes how an integrated healthcare system approached the creation of a unique integrative model for physician/nurse practitioner peer review. PMID:23708497

Clavelle, Joanne T; Bramwell, Kenneth

2013-06-01

331

Expert Science Teaching Educational Evaluation Model (ESTEEM) for Measuring Excellence in Science Teaching for Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the development and theoretical premises of the Expert Science Teaching Evaluation Model (ESTEEM) as well as research into this model from 1990 through 1993. ESTEEM was developed under the aegis of the Center for Research on Educational Accountability and Teacher Evaluation (CREATE) with major goals of defining expert science…

Burry-Stock, Judith A.; Oxford, Rebecca L.

332

A MODEL TO BUILD COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH OR EDUCATIONAL TEAMS OF HEALTH PROFESSIONALS IN GERONTOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a five?stage model of collaboration that draws on key constructs from social exchange theory and the literature on team building. The constructs of social exchange, negotiation, role differentiation, and an environment of trust structure the activities that occur in each stage of the model and provide a systematic, theoretically grounded approach to the formation of collaborative research or

Laura N. Gitlin; Kevin J. Lyons; Ellen Kolodner

1994-01-01

333

Towards a Model for Teacher Professional Development in China: Introducing Keli  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes "Keli" (Exemplary Lesson Development), a new model of in-service teacher education in China, implemented within a broader program of "Xingdong Jiaoyu" (Action Education), which has been implemented since 2003. This paper sets out how to implement the innovative Keli model. Finally, the implications for the practical …

Huang, Rongjin; Bao, Jiansheng

2006-01-01

334

Engendering enthusiasm for sustainable disaster critical care response: why this is of consequence to critical care professionals?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disaster medical response has historically focused on the pre-hospital and initial treatment needs of casualties. In particular, the critical care component of many disaster response plans is incomplete. Equally important, routinely available critical care resources are almost always insufficient to respond to disasters that generate anything beyond a 'modest' casualty stream. Large-scale monetary funding to effectively remedy these shortfalls is

Saqib I Dara; Rendell W Ashton; J Christopher Farmer

2005-01-01

335

DOSE-RESPONSE ASSESSMENT FOR DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: III. STATISTICAL MODELS  

EPA Science Inventory

Although quantitative modeling has been central to cancer risk assessment for years, the concept of dose-response modeling for developmental effects is relatively new. Recently, statistical models appropriate for developmental toxicity testing have been developed and applied (Rai...

336

Professional Development in Corporate Training.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Organizational and workplace changes are altering the work of trainers and consequently their professional development needs. Training and development professionals need a foundation in training design and delivery with the ability to incorporate multiple perspectives, delivery systems, and locations and to be responsive to change. (SK)|

Meyer, Susan R.; Marsick, Victoria J.

2003-01-01

337

School Reform and Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes professional development standards to improve student learning published by the National Staff Development Council and confirmed by evaluation of the federal Eisenhower professional development program conducted by the American Institutes for Research. Asserts that teachers must also take responsibility for creating their own…

Lewis, Anne C.

2002-01-01

338

[Nursing and the environmental question: proposal of a theoretical model for the professional practice].  

PubMed

Considering the side effects of environmental changes over the population's health, a theoretical model is proposed in this study in order to incorporate ecologic matters into the nursing practices. The reference for this work is the eco-socialist-marxist theory. The model is based on the analysis of the capitalist economic process, its production technologies and consumption. It is known that this economic model generates ecoinequalities and anthropogenic impacts that rebound on the health-disease profile of the population. The nursing action, permeated by ecological awareness, can prevent and also combat ecoinequalities and destructive human actions on the environment. PMID:12138633

Ribeiro, M C; Bertolozzi, M R

339

Learning About Victims of Crime: A Training Model for Victim Service Providers and Allied Professionals.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1997, a discretionary grant from the Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) funded a 5-year demonstration project for the development and implementation of Victim Services 2000 (VS2000) a model for comprehensive, coordinated, and seamless delivery of servic...

C. W. Ali E. Stark

2003-01-01

340

EXPLANATORY MODELS FOR ECOLOGICAL RESPONSE SURFACES  

EPA Science Inventory

It is often spatial patterns in environmental and ecological variables that arouse interest and demand explanation. or environmental response variables, the causal influences of interacting environmental factors produce the patterns of interest. cological response variables by de...

341

The development of a training model to improve health professionals' skills, self-efficacy and outcome expectancies when communicating with cancer patients.  

PubMed

Health professionals such as doctors and nurses are in a key position to help reduce the high prevalence of affective disorders and psychological problems experienced by cancer patients. This role, however, is inhibited by ineffective communication practices which include the use of distancing strategies and avoidance by the health professional. A number of contributory factors such as skill deficits and anxiety about negative consequences for the patient and the health professional have been identified in previous research and brief problem-focused training workshops developed to address these factors with only limited success. Researchers in applied psychology have recommended that the development of training programmes and their evaluation are based upon approaches which take into account cognitive and affective factors as well as change in skills. The aim of this paper is to develop a conceptual model of communication behaviour in the cancer setting. The model aims to take account of the role that knowledge and skill deficits, self-efficacy and outcome expectancy beliefs and perceived support plays in the ability and willingness of health professionals to assess their patients' concerns. It has been applied to guide the development of a revised approach to brief, problem-focused workshops for health professionals. It also allows a systematic and multi-dimensional evaluation of training outcomes. Preliminary results indicate this is a promising area of communications research. PMID:9015875

Parle, M; Maguire, P; Heaven, C

1997-01-01

342

A General Item Response Theory Model for Unfolding Unidimensional Polytomous Responses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develops a generalized graded unfolding model that allows for either binary or graded responses and generalizes previous item response models for unfolding in two useful ways. It implements a discrimination parameter that varies across items and permits response category threshold parameters to vary across items. (Author/SLD)

Roberts, James S.; Donoghue, John R.; Laughlin, James E.

2000-01-01

343

Robust Estimation of Latent Ability in Item Response Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of response disturbances such as guessing, cheating, or carelessness, item response models often can only approximate the "true" individual response probabilities. As a consequence, maximum-likelihood estimates of ability will be biased. Typically, the nature and extent to which response disturbances are present is unknown, and, therefore,…

Schuster, Christof; Yuan, Ke-Hai

2011-01-01

344

The Evaluator's Role in Recommending Program Closure: A Model for Decision Making and Professional Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Evaluators face challenges when programs consistently fail to meet expectations for performance or improvement and consequently, evaluators may recommend that closing a program is the most prudent course of action. However, the evaluation literature provides little guidance regarding when an evaluator might recommend program closure. Given…

Eddy, Rebecca M.; Berry, Tiffany

2009-01-01

345

A Laboratory Model for Studying Response-Class Hierarchies  

PubMed Central

If the members of a functional response class occur in a predictable order, a response-class hierarchy is said to exist. Although this topic has received some attention in the applied literature, it remains relatively understudied. The purpose of the current investigation was to develop an analogue model of a response-class hierarchy. Children with and without developmental disabilities were first taught three responses in an attempt to develop a functional response class ordered along the dimension of response effort (Experiment 1). Following response-class development, an extinction analysis was used to determine whether the responses were hierarchically related (Experiment 2). Results of Experiment 1 indicated that a functional response class was developed, and that there was a relation between response rate and effort for the established response class. Results of Experiment 2 indicated that a response-class hierarchy existed within the previously developed response classes for 3 of 4 participants.

Shabani, Daniel B; Carr, James E; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg

2009-01-01

346

Professional Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various problems in the education field require the attention and efforts of the North Carolina Association of Colleges for Teacher Education (NCACTE). Public and professional criticism of education at all levels, shifts in educational policy at the national and state levels, and new perceptions of the goals and role of education have produced an…

Reilly, David H.

347

Professional Books.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews four professional books: (1) "Changing Teaching, Changing Schools. Bringing Early Childhood Practice into Public Education: Case Studies from the Kindergarten" (O'Connell); (2) "Whole Language Plus: Essays on Literacy in the United States and New Zealand" (Cazden); (3) "Audacious Kids: Coming of Age in America's Classic Children's Books"…

Gilstrap, Robert L.

1994-01-01

348

Professional Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The central dilemma of staff development--training to perform a task versus professional learning and growth--must be addressed by distance education managers. Distance education organizations need to be learning organizations, fostering a culture of learning among students and staff. (SK)

Lentell, Helen

1994-01-01

349

Professional Technician  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video from SpaceTEC National Aerospace Technical Education Center explains various aspects of being a professional technician such as tool controls, security and safety, team qualifications, equipment care and calibration, certifications and job qualifications, systems thinking and troubleshooting, and personal integrity and ethics. This one minute video is one of the aerospace certification readiness courses.

2011-07-27

350

Professional Transitions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contains five personal accounts: (1) "From Intern to Senior Staff: Movement toward Self-Nurturance" (William Holahan); (2) "Toward the Emergence of Professional Identity" (Marya Barey Kyril); (3) "Selling My Private Practice: When Less is More" (Lynn Rew); (4) "Mid-Life Career Change: Taking the Plunge" (Richard Weigel); and (5) "A Chance…

Journal of Counseling and Development, 1988

1988-01-01

351

Implementation of Neuropsychological Testing Models for the High School, Collegiate, and Professional Sport Settings  

PubMed Central

Objective: To review models for the use of neuropsychological testing in the management of sport-related concussion at various levels of competition. Background: As we come to understand the natural history of sport-related concussive brain injury, it is increasingly evident that significant neurologic risks are associated with this type of injury. These risks include (1) acute intracranial pathology, (2) catastrophic brain swelling from second-impact syndrome, and (3) the potential risk for markedly prolonged recovery or permanent cognitive dysfunction associated with multiple concussions. Description: Neuropsychological testing has proved to be a useful tool in the medical management of sport-related concussion. In this paper, I describe a systematic model for the implementation of neuropsychological assessment of athletes at various levels of competition. Clinical Advantages: The systematic model was designed to incorporate state-of-the-art techniques for the detection and tracking of neurocognitive deficits associated with concussion into recently formulated guidelines for the medical management of sport-related concussion. Current applications of the model are discussed, as well as ongoing studies designed to elaborate the empirical underpinnings of the model and refine clinical decision making in this area.

2001-01-01

352

Professional behaviour: professional indemnity insurance.  

PubMed

As registered nurses, we are aware that we must behave in a 'professional' way. We know that we must achieve certain standards of behaviour and that our conduct as registered nurses is constrained by regulation. The Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) have the statutory power to decide how we must act and how we must not. Certain types of behaviour can and will attract sanctions from the NMC professional committees. Registered nurses are removed from the register in ever-increasing numbers, and one of the reasons given by the professional committees for a removal from the register, is that there was failure to act to protect patients by providing a safe environment. Examples of negligent behaviour include mis-administration of drugs, a failure to properly manage dietary needs or failures to protect the integrity of the person from pressure sores and damage to the skin. PMID:17363886

Fullbrook, Suzanne

353

Thermal Response Modeling System for a Mars Sample Return Vehicle.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A multi-dimensional, coupled thermal response modeling system for analysis of hypersonic entry vehicles is presented. The system consists of a high fidelity Navier-Stokes equation solver (GIANTS), a two-dimensional implicit thermal response, pyrolysis and...

Y. K. Chen F. S. Miles

2001-01-01

354

Process-Response Modeling and the Scientific Process.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the process-response model (PRM) in its theoretical and practical forms. Describes how geologists attempt to reconstruct the process from the response (the geologic phenomenon) being studied. (TW)|

Fichter, Lynn S.

1988-01-01

355

Brains Rule!: A Model Program for Developing Professional Stewardship among Neuroscientists  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Brains Rule! Neuroscience Expositions, funded through a National Institute on Drug Abuse Science Education Drug Abuse Partnership Award, has developed a successful model for informal neuroscience education. Each Exposition is a "reverse science fair" in which neuroscientists present short neuroscience teaching modules to students. This study…

Zardetto-Smith, Andrea M.; Mu, Keli; Carruth, Laura L.; Frantz, Kyle J.

2006-01-01

356

Lesson Study: An Effective School-Based Teacher Professional Learning Model for Teachers of Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on ongoing research in a cluster of schools in the outer south-eastern suburbs of Melbourne which is utilising Lesson Study as a peer observation model for mathematics teaching. The findings from nine initial Lesson Study sessions undertaken by cluster teachers to develop a Fractions Teaching Program are presented. The results indicate the success of the fractions tasks

Peter Sanders

357

Evaluation of teledermatology adoption by health-care professionals using a modified Technology Acceptance Model.  

PubMed

We examined the main factors affecting the intention of physicians to use teledermatology using a modified Technology Acceptance Model (TAM). The investigation was carried out during a teledermatology pilot study conducted in Spain. A total of 276 questionnaires were sent to physicians by email and 171 responded (62%). Cronbach's alpha was acceptably high for all constructs. Theoretical variables were well correlated with each other and with the dependent variable (Intention to Use). Logistic regression indicated that the original TAM model was good at predicting physicians' intention to use teledermatology and that the variables Perceived Usefulness and Perceived Ease of Use were both significant (odds ratios of 8.4 and 7.4, respectively). When other theoretical variables were added, the model was still significant and it also became more powerful. However, the only significant predictor in the modified model was Facilitators with an odds ratio of 9.9. Thus the TAM was good at predicting physicians' intention to use teledermatology. However, the most important variable was the perception of Facilitators to using the technology (e.g. infrastructure, training and support). PMID:21844171

Orruño, Estibalitz; Gagnon, Marie Pierre; Asua, José; Ben Abdeljelil, Anis

2011-08-15

358

Using the 360° multisource feedback model to evaluate teaching and professionalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Student ratings have dominated as the primary and, frequently, only measure of teaching performance at colleges and universities for the past 50 years. Recently, there has been a trend toward augmenting those ratings with other data sources to broaden and deepen the evidence base. The 360? multisource feedback (MSF) model used in management and industry for half a century

Ronald A. Berk

2009-01-01

359

A multi?dimensional model of reflective learning for professional development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is set in the context of a postgraduate course for pharmacists where the participants were exposed to a systematic reflective learning strategy facilitated by a structured, written Reflective Portfolio. Data were generated using focus groups and individual interviews. An inductive approach to data analysis resulted in a Multi?dimensional Model of Reflection that has not previously been presented elsewhere.

Patricia E. Black; David Plowright

2010-01-01

360

Satisfaction with Components of the Therapeutic Model: Perspectives of Consumers and Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We provide information about consumer and provider perceptions using a mixed-model pilot study within the Intensive Mental Health Project (IMHP), a school-based treatment service for children with SED and their families. Caregiver, youth, and provider questionnaires developed for this project elicited quantitative and qualitative information on…

Lazicki, Tammy A.; Vernberg, Eric M.; Roberts, Michael C.; Benson, Eric R.

2008-01-01

361

The Gradual Increase of Responsibility Model: Coaching for Teacher Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the gradual increase of responsibility (GIR) model for teacher coaching (Collet, 2008), an adaptation of Pearson and Gallagher's (1983) Gradual Release of Responsibility model. In GIR, instructional coaches model, make recommendations, ask probing questions, affirm teachers' appropriate decisions, and praise in order to…

Collet, Vicki S.

2012-01-01

362

Hierarchical Diffusion Models for Two-Choice Response Times  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two-choice response times are a common type of data, and much research has been devoted to the development of process models for such data. However, the practical application of these models is notoriously complicated, and flexible methods are largely nonexistent. We combine a popular model for choice response times--the Wiener diffusion…

Vandekerckhove, Joachim; Tuerlinckx, Francis; Lee, Michael D.

2011-01-01

363

Motivating Teachers to Enact Free-Choice Project-Based Learning in Science and Technology (PBLSAT): Effects of a Professional Development Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We investigated the effects of a long-term, continuous professional development (CPD) model, designed to support teachers to enact Project-Based Learning (PBLSAT). How do novice PBLSAT teachers view their acquisition of PBLSAT skills and how do expert PBLSAT teachers, who enacted the program 5-7 years, perceive the program? Novice teachers…

Fallik, Orna; Eylon, Bat-Sheva; Rosenfeld, Sherman

2008-01-01

364

Sports Need You. A Working Model for the Equity Professional. How to Increase the Number of Women and Minorities in Athletic Coaching, Officiating, Administration, and Governance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manual is designed for the equity professional who wishes to increase the participation of women and minority groups in leadership roles in athletics. The model was developed by Educators for Athletic Equity (EAE) and provides a data and knowledge base necessary for implementing a successful athletic equity project. The specific goals…

Schafer, Susan P.

365

Is Authentic Cross-Cultural Collaboration Possible between Universities and Public Schools within a Professional Development School Model? Perceptions from the Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In 2003, a state in the Rocky Mountain region combined the concept of partner schools (Goodlad, 1993) and the model of a professional development school (Holmes Group, 1986, 1995) to develop four university public school partnerships. This study asked two guiding questions: Is authentic cross-cultural collaboration possible between a university…

Parkinson, Debra D.; Muir Welsh, Kate

2009-01-01

366

Ramsay-Curve Item Response Theory for the Three-Parameter Logistic Item Response Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Ramsay-curve item response theory (RC-IRT), the latent variable distribution is estimated simultaneously with the item parameters of a unidimensional item response model using marginal maximum likelihood estimation. This study evaluates RC-IRT for the three-parameter logistic (3PL) model with comparisons to the normal model and to the…

Woods, Carol M.

2008-01-01

367

A Box-Cox normal model for response times.  

PubMed

The log-transform has been a convenient choice in response time modelling on test items. However, motivated by a dataset of the Medical College Admission Test where the lognormal model violated the normality assumption, the possibilities of the broader class of Box-Cox transformations for response time modelling are investigated. After an introduction and an outline of a broader framework for analysing responses and response times simultaneously, the performance of a Box-Cox normal model for describing response times is investigated using simulation studies and a real data example. A transformation-invariant implementation of the deviance information criterium (DIC) is developed that allows for comparing model fit between models with different transformation parameters. Showing an enhanced description of the shape of the response time distributions, its application in an educational measurement context is discussed at length. PMID:19187574

Klein Entink, R H; van der Linden, W J; Fox, J-P

2009-01-30

368

A Model for Using a Concept Inventory as a Tool for Students' Assessment and Faculty Professional Development  

PubMed Central

This essay describes how the use of a concept inventory has enhanced professional development and curriculum reform efforts of a faculty teaching community. The Host Pathogen Interactions (HPI) teaching team is composed of research and teaching faculty with expertise in HPI who share the goal of improving the learning experience of students in nine linked undergraduate microbiology courses. To support evidence-based curriculum reform, we administered our HPI Concept Inventory as a pre- and postsurvey to approximately 400 students each year since 2006. The resulting data include student scores as well as their open-ended explanations for distractor choices. The data have enabled us to address curriculum reform goals of 1) reconciling student learning with our expectations, 2) correlating student learning with background variables, 3) understanding student learning across institutions, 4) measuring the effect of teaching techniques on student learning, and 5) demonstrating how our courses collectively form a learning progression. The analysis of the concept inventory data has anchored and deepened the team's discussions of student learning. Reading and discussing students' responses revealed the gap between our understanding and the students' understanding. We provide evidence to support the concept inventory as a tool for assessing student understanding of HPI concepts and faculty development.

McAdams, Katherine C.; Benson, Spencer; Briken, Volker; Cathcart, Laura; Chase, Michael; El-Sayed, Najib M.; Frauwirth, Kenneth; Fredericksen, Brenda; Joseph, Sam W.; Lee, Vincent; McIver, Kevin S.; Mosser, David; Quimby, B. Booth; Shields, Patricia; Song, Wenxia; Stein, Daniel C.; Stewart, Richard; Thompson, Katerina V.

2010-01-01

369

A model for using a concept inventory as a tool for students' assessment and faculty professional development.  

PubMed

This essay describes how the use of a concept inventory has enhanced professional development and curriculum reform efforts of a faculty teaching community. The Host Pathogen Interactions (HPI) teaching team is composed of research and teaching faculty with expertise in HPI who share the goal of improving the learning experience of students in nine linked undergraduate microbiology courses. To support evidence-based curriculum reform, we administered our HPI Concept Inventory as a pre- and postsurvey to approximately 400 students each year since 2006. The resulting data include student scores as well as their open-ended explanations for distractor choices. The data have enabled us to address curriculum reform goals of 1) reconciling student learning with our expectations, 2) correlating student learning with background variables, 3) understanding student learning across institutions, 4) measuring the effect of teaching techniques on student learning, and 5) demonstrating how our courses collectively form a learning progression. The analysis of the concept inventory data has anchored and deepened the team's discussions of student learning. Reading and discussing students' responses revealed the gap between our understanding and the students' understanding. We provide evidence to support the concept inventory as a tool for assessing student understanding of HPI concepts and faculty development. PMID:21123686

Marbach-Ad, Gili; McAdams, Katherine C; Benson, Spencer; Briken, Volker; Cathcart, Laura; Chase, Michael; El-Sayed, Najib M; Frauwirth, Kenneth; Fredericksen, Brenda; Joseph, Sam W; Lee, Vincent; McIver, Kevin S; Mosser, David; Quimby, B Booth; Shields, Patricia; Song, Wenxia; Stein, Daniel C; Stewart, Richard; Thompson, Katerina V; Smith, Ann C

2010-01-01

370

Technology Mentor Fellowship Program: A Technology Integration Professional Development Model for Classroom Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This multi-year program was based on the premise a digital divide exists between the technology skill levels of public school faculties compared to those of undergraduate teacher education candidates. The Technology Mentor Fellowship Program (TMFP) matched technologically-proficient pre-service teachers with K-12 teachers to model technology as an instructional tool. A consortium consisting of seven school districts and a university designed

Jon J. Denton; Trina J. Davis; Ben L. Smith; R. Arlen Strader; Francis E. Clark; Li Wang

371

A conditioned response model of the placebo effect  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of the placebo response as a conditioned response(CR) is presented and predictions from this model are listed. Through association with active ingredients(UCS), neutral(CS) places, persons, procedures, and things can come to acquire the ability to reduce pain, anxiety, and depressive responses. One major counterintuitive prediction from the model is that therapists who routinely use active ingredients(UCS) or powerful

Ian Wickramasekera

1980-01-01

372

The Haitian Health Cluster Experience: A comparative evaluation of the professional communication response to the 2010 earthquake and the subsequent cholera outbreak  

PubMed Central

The 2010 Haitian earthquake and consequent Cholera epidemic taxed the already fragile health system. A large number of humanitarian organizations participated in the disaster response and the health communication response was analysed. Health Cluster updates from both periods were analysed for contents with a World Health Organization draft check list for monitoring and evaluating the quality of epidemiological data contained in WHO and Health Cluster emergency reports. The Pan-American Health Organization Emergency Operations Centre reports from the Earthquake had the lowest score with an average score of 2.54/17 and the Health Cluster – Cholera reports had the highest average score of 11/17. There is a wide variety and quality of information published in terms of epidemiological information in emergency reports with a distinct difference found between the earthquake reporting and the cholera event. A comprehensive and modifiable template for emergency reporting could alleviate these differences and allow for improved reporting. Citation: Dhillon P, Annunziata G. The Haitian Health Cluster Experience: A comparative evaluation of the professional communication response to the 2010 earthquake and the subsequent cholera outbreak. PLOS Currents Disasters. 2012 Sep 5. doi: 10.1371/5014b1b407653.

Dhillon, Paul; Annunziata, Giuseppe

2012-01-01

373

THE QUALIFICATIONS AND PROFESSIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES OF VOCATIONAL DIRECTORS AT THE LOCAL DISTRICT LEVEL IN THE STATE OF UTAH.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|BECAUSE UTAH REQUIRES LOCAL SCHOOL DISTRICTS TO EMPLOY VOCATIONAL DIRECTORS, A STUDY WAS UNDERTAKEN TO DETERMINE THEIR QUALIFICATIONS, RESPONSIBILITIES, AND DUTIES. DATA WERE OBTAINED FROM PERSONNEL IN 37 OF THE 40 SCHOOL DISTRICTS IN UTAH, 37 OF 50 STATE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION DIRECTORS, 48 TEACHER TRAINING INSTITUTIONS IN THE NATION, THE U.S.…

EDMUNDS, NIEL A.

374

Target Practice: Reader Response Theory and Teachers' Interpretations of Students' SAT 10 Scores in Data-Based Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study reported in this article examines how teachers read and respond to their students' Stanford Achievement Test 10 (SAT 10) scores with the goal of investigating the assumption that data-based teaching practice is more "objective" and less susceptible to divergent teacher interpretation. The study uses reader response theory to frame…

Atkinson, Becky M.

2012-01-01

375

Kaizen: a process improvement model for the business of health care and perioperative nursing professionals.  

PubMed

Kaizen is a proven management technique that has a practical application for health care in the context of health care reform and the 2010 Institute of Medicine landmark report on the future of nursing. Compounded productivity is the unique benefit of kaizen, and its principles are change, efficiency, performance of key essential steps, and the elimination of waste through small and continuous process improvements. The kaizen model offers specific instruction for perioperative nurses to achieve process improvement in a five-step framework that includes teamwork, personal discipline, improved morale, quality circles, and suggestions for improvement. PMID:22201574

Tetteh, Hassan A

2012-01-01

376

Teacher as Design Professional.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The best opportunity for interjecting innovation into teaching occurs during the preservice experience. One new approach to teacher education involves creating programs for "design professionals" capable of self-reflection and creative imagination who can become educational change agents and models for the next generation of teachers. (JD)|

Fideler, Elizabeth F.

1988-01-01

377

Connecting to professional knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of students’ educational outcomes tend to be based on rather simple input–output models. The aim of this article is to demonstrate that more informed theoretical perspectives are appropriate to analyses of quantitative data on professional learning processes. It is suggested that ‘connection to knowledge’ and ‘wanting structure’ are appropriate concepts in this respect. Results from a study of college

2007-01-01

378

Contextually Based Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors detail a study of a three-year professional development project designed to increase in-service teachers' classroom technology integration. Participants engaged in learning activities that modeled technology integration from a contextually based perspective that included technology, and pedagogical and content…

Blocher, J. Michael; Armfield, Shadow W.; Sujo-Montes, Laura; Tucker, Gary; Willis, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

379

Contextually Based Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors detail a study of a three-year professional development project designed to increase in-service teachers' classroom technology integration. Participants engaged in learning activities that modeled technology integration from a contextually based perspective that included technology, and pedagogical and content…

Blocher, J. Michael; Armfield, Shadow W.; Sujo-Montes, Laura; Tucker, Gary; Willis, Elizabeth

2011-01-01

380

PROFESSIONALISM, PROFESSIONALITY AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION PROFESSIONALS  

Microsoft Academic Search

What purpose is served by renovation or redesign of professionalism, and how successful a process is it likely to be? This article addresses these questions by examining the effectiveness as a professional development mechanism of the imposition of changes to policy and\\/or practice that require modification or renovation of professionalism. The ‘new’ professionalisms purported to have been fashioned over the

Linda Evans

2008-01-01

381

Computer workers: career lines and professional identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing upon survey responses the authors studied the careers and professional identification of computer professionals with masters degrees. Respondents were highly mobile, moved to jobs in larger firms and to firms engaged in EDP. There was little attachment to any of the three traditional bases of work identification --the company, class based organizations, or professional associations. 1. REVIEW OF THE

Kenneth Fidel; Roberta Garner

1990-01-01

382

Air Quality Modeling for Emergency Response Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The three-dimensional diagnostic wind field model (MATHEW) and the particle-in-cell transport and diffusion model (ADPIC) are used by the Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (ARAC) for real-time assessments of the consequences from accidental releases...

P. H. Gudiksen S. T. Chan J. B. Knox M. H. Dickerson R. Lange

1985-01-01

383

Modeling Nonmonotonic Dose-Response Curves.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A number of procedures have been used to analyze nonmonotonic binary data to predict the probability of response. Some classical procedures are the Up and Down strategy, the Robbins-Monro procedure, and other sequential optimization designs. Recently, non...

Q. J. Nottingham J. B. Birch B. A. Bodt

2001-01-01

384

Multijurisdictional practice and the health lawyer: will your practice benefit from the new ABA model rules of professional conduct?  

PubMed

At the end of the twentieth century, bar scholars and regulators were reexamining two traditionally improper aspects of legal practice. The first was the multidisciplinary practice of law, which would permit lawyers to offer accounting and other professional services to their clients, and allow lawyers to share fees with non-lawyers. The second was the multijurisdictional practice of law, which would permit a lawyer licensed in one jurisdiction to practice law in other jurisdiction in which he was not admitted to the bar. Enron and other corporate scandals deflated the movement towards multidisciplinary practice, but the movement to allow multijurisdictional practice bore some limited, yet important, results. This Article argues that the American Bar Association's new Model Rules 5.5 and 8.5, which broaden the ability of healthcare lawyers to practice outside of the states in which they are admitted, are a suitable accommodation to today's mode of practice, while still preserving the states' ability to regulate lawyers and protect clients. PMID:15191238

Pomerance, Philip L

2004-01-01

385

Smart: Student Modeling Approach for Responsive Tutoring  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a new student modeling paradigm called SMART. The premise is that a single, principled approach to student modeling, involving both theoretical and empirical methods, can render automated instruction more efficacious across a broad array of instructional domains. After defining key terms and discussing limitations to previous student modeling paradigms, I describe the SMART approach, as embedded within

Valerie J. Shute

1995-01-01

386

Older women's responses to current fashion models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine if older female consumers prefer apparel advertising models more closely resembling their age. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The sample for this study consisted of 163 women between the ages of 60 and 80. Full-color photographs of fashion models were presented as stimuli. A questionnaire measuring participants' beliefs about the models, purchase intentions,

Joy M. Kozar; Mary Lynn Damhorst

2008-01-01

387

A Laboratory Model for Studying Response-Class Hierarchies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If the members of a functional response class occur in a predictable order, a response-class hierarchy is said to exist. Although this topic has received some attention in the applied literature, it remains relatively understudied. The purpose of the current investigation was to develop an analogue model of a response-class hierarchy. Children…

Shabani, Daniel B.; Carr, James E.; Petursdottir, Anna Ingeborg

2009-01-01

388

Professional Development Schools Revisited: Reform, Authentic Partnerships, and New Visions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Professional Development School (PDS) concept was developed by the Holmes Group (now known as the Holmes Partnership) in response to a national call for educational reform. More recent reform agendas question the effectiveness of the PDS model. This article examines the changes that are occurring in the Temple University PDS in Philadelphia,…

Leonard, Jacqueline; Lovelace-Taylor, Kay; Sanford-DeShields, Jayminn; Spearman, Patrick

2004-01-01

389

Evaluation of the Pacific CHILD Professional Development Program. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Pacific Communities with High-performance in Literacy Development (Pacific CHILD) Professional Development Model research project was initiated in response to an overwhelming need in PREL's Pacific service region for improvement of teachers' knowledge and instructional practices in early reading. This report examines the question of the…

Chesswas, Roger; Keir, Scott S.; Leung, Eunice; Terada, Wayne

2005-01-01

390

Moral and Instructional Influences of Teachers in Professional Development Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Used case studies to examine teachers' motivation and instructional style in relationship to their progress in Professional Development School staff development. Field observations of teachers examined the effectiveness of the Teacher Instructional Orientation and Motivation model in predicting teachers' responses to staff development. Data…

Campoy, Renee W.; Hoewisch, Allison

1998-01-01

391

Models of dielectric response in disordered solids.  

PubMed

Two dispersion models of disordered solids, one parameterizing density of states (PDOS) and the other parameterizing joint density of states (PJDOS), are presented. Using these models, not only the complex dielectric function of the materials, but also some information about their electronic structure can be obtained. The numerical integration is necessary in the PDOS model. If analytical expressions are required the presented PJDOS model is, for some materials, a suitable option still providing information about the electronic structure of the material. It is demonstrated that the PDOS model can be successfully applied to a wide variety of materials. In this paper, its application to diamond-like carbon (DLC), a-Si and SiO2-like materials are discussed in detail. Unlike the PDOS model, the presented PJDOS model represents a special case of parameterization that can be applied to limited types of materials, for example DLC, ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) and SiO2-like. PMID:19550911

Franta, Daniel; Necas, David; Zajícková, Lenka

2007-11-26

392

Crisis response: The Message Strategies and Media Coverage Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper adopted crisis life-cycle model and media coverage, based on different message strategies, set up a new model named message strategies and media coverage model (MSMC model), to establish the relationship between the communication and message strategies the enterprises used in response to the crises and media coverage, and to discuss the impacts of media reports on enterprises in

Jianxin Shi; Minglu Yu

2008-01-01

393

Posterior Predictive Assessment of Item Response Theory Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Model checking in item response theory (IRT) is an underdeveloped area. There is no universally accepted tool for checking IRT models. The posterior predictive model-checking method is a popular Bayesian model-checking tool because it has intuitive appeal, is simple to apply, has a strong theoretical basis, and can provide graphical or numerical…

Sinharay, Sandip; Johnson, Matthew S.; Stern, Hal S.

2006-01-01

394

Model selection and gobbledygook: response to Lohmann et al.  

PubMed

Lohmann et al. (this issue) make three unremarkable observations about model selection and use them to critique dynamic causal modelling-a Bayesian model selection procedure based on causal models of dynamical systems (Marreiros et al., 2010). In this response, we unpack their misconceptions and try to answer their questions. PMID:22155029

Friston, Karl; Daunizeau, Jean; Stephan, Klaas Enno

2011-12-01

395

STATIC RESPONSE COEFFICIENTS FROM DYNAMIC CABLE-MODEL TESTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present paper summarises static mean response coefficie nts from dynamic cable model tests, carried out in the critical Reynolds number ran ge. Response data is obtained from an elastically supported cable section model with full scalediameter for typical bridge stay cables (160mm). The tests were performed at the National Research Council (NRC) , Canada in 2001. The analysis covers

Terje L. Andersen; Jasna B. Jakobsen

396

Model of Transient Response of Semiconductor Gas Sensors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The model of transient response of semiconductor gas sensor under modulation heating has been constructed successfully. The model consists of the heat conduction process from heater to the sensor surface, the reaction process on the sensor surface and diffusion process near the sensor surface to supply the inflammable gas. The calculated sensor response agreed well with experimental result under step

Akira Fujimoto; Takashi Kuwahara

2008-01-01

397

A Mixture Rasch Model with Item Response Time Components  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An examinee faced with a test item will engage in solution behavior or rapid-guessing behavior. These qualitatively different test-taking behaviors bias parameter estimates for item response models that do not control for such behavior. A mixture Rasch model with item response time components was proposed and evaluated through application to real…

Meyer, J. Patrick

2010-01-01

398

HERBIVORE FUNCTIONAL RESPONSE IN HETEROGENEOUS ENVIRONMENTS: A CONTEST AMONG MODELS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Variation in the spatial arrangement of plant tissue modifies the functional response of herbivores. In heterogeneous environments, this variation can occur at multiple spatial scales. We used likelihood-based approaches to examine the strength of evidence in data for models of herbivore functional response to spatial variation in plants. These models represented different hypotheses about plant characteristics controlling intake rate, including

N. Thompson Hobbs; John E. Gross; Lisa A. Shipley; Donald E. Spalinger; Bruce A. Wunder

2003-01-01

399

Item Response Models for Examinee-Selected Items  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In some tests, examinees are required to choose a fixed number of items from a set of given items to answer. This practice creates a challenge to standard item response models, because more capable examinees may have an advantage by making wiser choices. In this study, we developed a new class of item response models to account for the choice…

Wang, Wen-Chung; Jin, Kuan-Yu; Qiu, Xue-Lan; Wang, Lei

2012-01-01

400

Projective Item Response Model for Test-Independent Measurement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The problem of fitting unidimensional item-response models to potentially multidimensional data has been extensively studied. The focus of this article is on response data that contains a major dimension of interest but that may also contain minor nuisance dimensions. Because fitting a unidimensional model to multidimensional data results in…

Ip, Edward Hak-Sing; Chen, Shyh-Huei

2012-01-01

401

Bayesian latent variable model for mixed continuous and ordinal responses with possibility of missing responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

A general framework is proposed for joint modelling of mixed correlated ordinal and continuous responses with missing values for responses, where the missing mechanism for both kinds of responses is also considered. Considering the posterior distribution of unknowns given all available information, a Markov Chain Monte Carlo sampling algorithm via winBUGS is used for estimating the posterior distribution of the

E. Bahrami Samani; M. Ganjali

2011-01-01

402

Understanding Responsibility: A Self-Directed Learning Application of the Triangle Model of Responsibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personal responsibility has long been considered an important component in self-directed learning. And yet, a theoretical understanding of personal responsibility that could lead to meaningful instrumentation has eluded the field. The present study considers the merits of the Triangle Model of Responsibility (TMR) (Schlenker, Britt, Pennington,…

Kohns, Jonathan W.; Ponton, Michael K.

2006-01-01

403

Modeling and Identification of Symmetric Noncausal Impulse Responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spectrally equivalent causal (SEC) models for single-input\\/single-output noncausal systems are derived with the objective of estimating the noncausal impulse response. Attention is restricted to symmetric, noncausal impulse responses and the measurements of the system output are assumed to be noisy. It is shown that by using structured SEC models, either state-space or ARMA-plus-noise, consistent estimate of the noncausal impulse response

Jitendra K. Tugnait

1985-01-01

404

Speed-Accuracy Response Models: Scoring Rules Based on Response Time and Accuracy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Starting from an explicit scoring rule for time limit tasks incorporating both response time and accuracy, and a definite trade-off between speed and accuracy, a response model is derived. Since the scoring rule is interpreted as a sufficient statistic, the model belongs to the exponential family. The various marginal and conditional…

Maris, Gunter; van der Maas, Han

2012-01-01

405

Evaluation of modeling–role-playing and lecture-discussion training techniques for college student mental health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigated the efficacy of experiential modeling–role-playing and lecture–discussion training techniques for 45 college student mental health paraprofessionals. The sample was predominantly (82%) female, between 18 and 24 yrs of age (89%), and without previous counseling training (66%) or experience (84%). The Lister's Helper Response Preference Inventory and ratings of empathy and global counseling skills based on the interpersonal interactions of

Katherine G. Teevan; Harris Gabel

1978-01-01

406

Latent Growth Modeling for Logistic Response Functions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Throughout much of the social and behavioral sciences, latent growth modeling (latent curve analysis) has become an important tool for understanding individuals' longitudinal change. Although nonlinear variations of latent growth models appear in the methodological and applied literature, a notable exclusion is the treatment of growth following…

Choi, Jaehwa; Harring, Jeffrey R.; Hancock, Gregory R.

2009-01-01

407

Response to Intervention and the Pyramid Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Response to Intervention (RtI) is a systematic decision-making process that has gained widespread popularity as a problem-solving framework for organizing hierarchies of evidence-based interventions in the context of ongoing progress monitoring. Initially applied to literacy instruction, RtI is being incorporated into an expanding breadth of…

Fox, Lise; Carta, Judith; Strain, Phillip S.; Dunlap, Glen; Hemmeter, Mary Louise

2010-01-01

408

Model projection: simplifying models in response to restricting the environment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces Model Projection. Finite state models such as Extended Finite State Machines are being used in an ever increasing number of software engineering activities. Model projection facilitates model development by specializing models for a specific operating environment. A projection is useful in many design-level applications including specification reuse and property verification. Theapplicabilityofmodelprojectionrestsuponthreecriticalconcerns: correctness, effectiveness, and efficiency, all of

Kelly Androutsopoulos; David Binkley; David Clark; Nicolas Gold; Mark Harman; Kevin Lano; Zheng Li

2011-01-01

409

Professional hazards? The impact of models' body size on advertising effectiveness and women's body-focused anxiety in professions that do and do not emphasize the cultural ideal of thinness.  

PubMed

Previous experimental research indicates that the use of average-size women models in advertising prevents the well-documented negative effect of thin models on women's body image, while such adverts are perceived as equally effective (Halliwell & Dittmar, 2004). The current study extends this work by: (a) seeking to replicate the finding of no difference in advertising effectiveness between average-size and thin models (b) examining level of ideal-body internalization as an individual, internal factor that moderates women's vulnerability to thin media models, in the context of (c) comparing women in professions that differ radically in their focus on, and promotion of, the sociocultural ideal of thinness for women--employees in fashion advertising (n = 75) and teachers in secondary schools (n = 75). Adverts showing thin, average-size and no models were perceived as equally effective. High internalizers in both groups of women felt worse about their body image after exposure to thin models compared to other images. Profession affected responses to average-size models. Teachers reported significantly less body-focused anxiety after seeing average-size models compared to no models, while there was no difference for fashion advertisers. This suggests that women in professional environments with less focus on appearance-related ideals can experience increased body-esteem when exposed to average-size models, whereas women in appearance-focused professions report no such relief. PMID:15601505

Dittmar, Helga; Howard, Sarah

2004-12-01

410

Ovine Model for Studying Pulmonary Immune Responses.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Anatomical features of the sheep lung make it an excellent model for studying pulmonary immunity. Four specific lung segments were identified which drain exclusively to three separate lymph nodes. One of these segments, the dorsal basal segment of the rig...

D. D. Joel A. D. Chanana

1984-01-01

411

Nurses' professional and personal values.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to measure professional and personal values among nurses, and to identify the factors affecting these values. The participants were 323 Israeli nurses, who were asked about 36 personal values and 20 professional values. The three fundamental professional nursing values of human dignity, equality among patients, and prevention of suffering, were rated first. The top 10 rated values all concerned nurses' responsibility towards patients. Altruism and confidentiality were not highly rated, and health promotion and nursing research were rated among the last three professional values. For personal (instrumental) values, honesty, responsibility and intelligence were rated first, while ambition and imagination were rated 14th and 16th respectively out of 18. Significant differences (P < 0.05) were found among some personal and professional values rated as functions of culture, education, professional seniority, position and field of expertise. The results may assist in understanding the motives of nurses with different characteristics and help to promote their work according to professional ethical values. PMID:18687816

Rassin, Michal

2008-09-01

412

Unified constitutive modeling for proportional and nonproportional cyclic plasticity responses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several features of cyclic plasticity, e.g. cyclic hardening/softening, ratcheting, relaxation, and their dependence on strain range, nonproportionality of loading, time, and temperature determine the stress-strain responses of materials under cyclic loading. Numerous efforts have been made in the past decades to characterize and model these responses. Many of these responses can be simulated reasonably by the existing constitutive models, but the same models would fail in simulating the structural responses, local stress-strain or global deformation. One of the reasons for this deficiency is that the constitutive models are not robust enough to simulate the cyclic plasticity responses when they interact with each other. This deficiency can be understood better or resolved by developing and validating constitutive models against a broad set of experimental responses and two or more of the responses interacting with each other. This dissertation develops a unified constitutive model by studying the cyclic plasticity features in an integrated manner and validating the model by simulating a broad set of proportional and nonproportional cyclic plasticity responses. The study demonstrates the drawbacks of the existing nonlinear kinematic hardening model originally developed by Chaboche and then develop and incorporate novel ideas into the model for improving its cyclic response simulations. The Chaboche model is modified by incorporating strain-range dependent cyclic hardening/softening through the kinematic hardening rule parameters, in addition to the conventional method of using only the isotropic hardening parameters. The nonproportional loading memory parameters of Tanaka and of Benallal and Marquis are incorporated to study the influence of nonproportionality. The model is assessed by simulating hysteresis loop shape, cyclic hardening-softening, cross-effect, cyclic relaxation, subsequent cyclic softening, and finally a series of ratcheting responses under uniaxial and biaxial loading responses. Next, it is demonstrated that the hysteresis loop shape and width can be improved by incorporation of time dependence (visco-effect) and a novel modeling scheme of backstress shift. Overall, this dissertation demonstrates a methodical and systematic development of a constitutive model for simulating a broad set of low-cycle fatigue responses.

Krishna, Shree

413

Professional Development Workshops for the Media: A Model for Engaging Scientists and Journalists in Earth and Space Sciences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Historically, there has been a delineation between those activities that promote the education of the general public (formal and information education) and those that involve journalists and the media (public affairs). However, over the last several years, there has been recognition that in the interest of "full spectrum science communication", journalists, who deliver more than 85% of the science news and content to the general public, may be legitimately seen as an audience for education activities. The goal of these activities is not primarily to promote a specific story, event or theme, but instead to broaden and deepen journalists' understanding of space science and to promote increased communication and understanding among journalists, scientists and educators. In the last several years, the Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics has initiated workshops for the professional development of journalists as a cornerstone of its Education program. To date, workshops have covered Mars System Science, Life in Extreme Environments, Extrasolar Planets, Out Planets, and soon, the Role of Uncertainty in Climate Change. These programs bring together 20 elite journalists from both print and broadcast and 6-8 internationally recognized scientists in a 3-4 day encounter. Evaluation of past workshops suggests that the journalists not only feel that these workshops are a worthwhile use of their time, but that they impact the quality of their writing. Several indicated that the quality of the writing and its content had been noticed by their editor and allowed them to more easily 'pitch' space science stories when they were in the news. Many, including several regional journalists, commented that the workshop provided a level of background information that would help them for years to come. In this talk, we present the LASP media workshop model, talk about editorial barriers for journalists and the impact of the workshops, and discuss lessons learned that increase participation by the nation's leading media outlets.

Cobabe-Ammann, E.; Jakosky, B.

2007-12-01

414

Professional roles and responsibilities in meeting the needs of children with speech, language and communication needs: joint working between educational psychologists and speech and language therapists  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a large population of children with speech, language and communication needs who have additional special educational needs (SEN). Whilst professional collaboration between education and health professionals is recommended to ensure an integrated delivery of statutory services for this population of children, formal frameworks should be developed for the exchange of information during identification and assessment of needs and

Sheila McConnellogue

2011-01-01

415

A Bayesian Semiparametric Item Response Model with Dirichlet Process Priors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In Item Response Theory (IRT), item characteristic curves (ICCs) are illustrated through logistic models or normal ogive models, and the probability that examinees give the correct answer is usually a monotonically increasing function of their ability parameters. However, since only limited patterns of shapes can be obtained from logistic models

Miyazaki, Kei; Hoshino, Takahiro

2009-01-01

416

Response of a DSNP pressurizer model under accident conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently a new pressurizer model was developed for the DSNP simulation language. The model was connected to a simulation of the Trojan pressurized water reactor (PWR) and tested by simulating a loss-of-off-site power (LOSP) anticipated transient without scram. The results compare well to a similar study performed using the RELAP code. The pressurizer model and its response to the LOSP

D. Saphier; J. Kallfelz; L. Belblidia

1986-01-01

417

Application of Multidimensional Item Response Theory Models to Longitudinal Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of multidimensional item response theory (IRT) models to longitudinal educational surveys where students are repeatedly measured is discussed and exemplified. A marginal maximum likelihood (MML) method to estimate the parameters of a multidimensional generalized partial credit model for repeated measures is presented. It is shown that model fit can be evaluated using Lagrange multiplier tests. Two tests are

Janneke M. te Marvelde; Cees A. W. Glas; Georges Van Landeghem; Jan Van Damme

2006-01-01

418

Numerical Model on Beach Response Behind Coastal Kelp Fields.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A numerical model is constructed here to perform simple analysis on beach response behind coastal kelp fields. The model is restricted to two-dimensional beach profile and is only applicable to short duration storm wave events. The model links two sub-mod...

H. Wang A. Toerum

1994-01-01

419

Motivating Teachers to Enact Free-Choice Project-Based Learning in Science and Technology (PBLSAT): Effects of a Professional Development Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the effects of a long-term, continuous professional development (CPD) model, designed to support teachers\\u000a to enact Project-Based Learning (PBLSAT). How do novice PBLSAT teachers view their acquisition of PBLSAT skills and how do\\u000a expert PBLSAT teachers, who enacted the program 5–7 years, perceive the program? Novice teachers evaluated that they acquired\\u000a the relevant skills but also expressed worries about

Orna Fallik; Bat-Sheva Eylon; Sherman Rosenfeld

2008-01-01

420

[Essential professional core competencies for nurses].  

PubMed

Core competency is vital to the nursing profession. Such helps guarantee the high quality and effectiveness of delivered care and maintains the social value and status of the nursing profession. This article introduces the definition of nursing core competency and its connotations. The core competency profile for the nursing profession embraces basic behavioral attributes as well as mastery of advanced practice skills. The former include such attributes as gentleness, willingness to serve, keen observation and judgment, efficiency, skillfulness, responsibility and accountability. The latter embraces skills in general care, communication and collaboration, management, self-development, innovation and research, and stress-adjustment. To cultivate competent nurses, academic education should emphasize critical thinking skills, integrate problem-based and evidence-based learning approaches into curricula, and use objective structured clinical examination to evaluate learning outcomes. In the healthcare sector, systematic professional training models such as the clinical ladder with multidiscipline rotation hold the potential to train novice nurses as expert professionals. Meanwhile, to advance the professional capabilities of nurses, nursing administrators should provide a positive work environment to fuel and maintain learning motivation. Education and healthcare systems should work closely together to promote the professional competence of nurses and to strengthen the value of the nursing profession. PMID:20878605

Chen, Yu-Chih

2010-10-01

421

Modeling Coastline Response to Changing Storm Climate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gradients in wave-driven alongshore sediment transport cause long-term change in the shape of sandy coastlines. Recent modeling work (Ashton, et. al. 2001; Ashton and Murray 2006) suggests coastlines can attain shapes that are in quasi-equilibrium with a regional wave climate—the distribution of wave influences as a function of deep-water wave-approach angles. Changes in storm frequency and/or magnitude will alter the wave climates affecting coastlines. Such a shift in wave forcing will tend to alter large-scale shapes of sedimentary coastlines (Slott et al., 2007). Even moderate changes in wave climate may cause coastlines to change shape rapidly, compared to a steady-wave-climate scenario. Such large-scale shape changes involve greatly accentuated rates of local erosion, and highly variable erosion/accretion rates. A recent analysis of wave records from the Southeastern US (Komar and Allen, 2007) indicates that wave climates have already been changing; for the past three decades, the heights of waves attributable to tropical storms have been increasing, changing the angular distribution of wave influences. These observations motivate ongoing, more refined modeling of how coastlines in this region should already be changing shape. Simulating patterns of shoreline change on actual coastlines involves examining the role of varying dynamical approximations in sub models of different environments (including wave propagation over the continental shelf) and uncertainties in model forcing (including the relationship between offshore buoy records and the wave climates affecting the coastline, when storm tracks often extend onshore of the buoy). Results suggest that modifications to the wave climate as recently seen along the Southeastern US give rise to rapid changes in shoreline shape and associated changes in patterns of erosion and accretion. Comparisons with results from related work, in which we examine historical and recent patterns of shoreline change for the Carolina coastline, provide a promising test of location-specific model predictions.

McNamara, D.; Murray, A. B.; Moore, L. J.; Brenner, O.

2009-12-01

422

Developing health science students into integrated health professionals: a practical tool for learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: An integrated sense of professionalism enables health professionals to draw on relevant knowledge in context and to apply a set of professional responsibilities and ethical principles in the midst of changing work environments 12. Inculcating professionalism is therefore a critical goal of health professional education. Two multi-professional courses for first year Health Science students at the University of Cape

Lorna Olckers; Trevor J Gibbs; Madeleine Duncan

2007-01-01

423

A simple model for strong ground motions and response spectra  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A simple model for the description of strong ground motions is introduced. The model shows that response spectra can be estimated by using only four parameters of the ground motion, the RMS acceleration, effective duration and two corner frequencies that characterize the effective frequency band of the motion. The model is windowed band-limited white noise, and is developed by studying the properties of two functions, cumulative squared acceleration in the time domain, and cumulative squared amplitude spectrum in the frequency domain. Applying the methods of random vibration theory, the model leads to a simple analytical expression for the response spectra. The accuracy of the model is checked by using the ground motion recordings from the aftershock sequences of two different earthquakes and simulated accelerograms. The results show that the model gives a satisfactory estimate of the response spectra.

Safak, Erdal; Mueller, Charles; Boatwright, John

1988-01-01

424

Radiation Storm vs. The Magnetic Shield: Superheroes of Magnetism & Space Weather Education - A Model for Teacher Professional Development Workshops  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetic and electric fields and phenomena play important roles in various situations in astronomy, planetary science, and Earth science. Students often lack an intuitive sense of electromagnetic phenomena, and therefore struggle with the complexities of planetary and stellar magnetic fields. Hands-on magnetism activities can provide students with an intuitive grasp of the basics of magnetism, preparing them for more challenging conceptual studies of magnetic phenomena. For the past six years, we have been presenting a professional development workshop for teachers covering the topics of magnetism and space weather. The workshop, which has been conducted more than 20 times for a range of audiences, blends together several simple hands-on activities, background information on space weather and geomagnetism, a collection of images, animations, and interactives that illustrate important concepts, and guidance about specific links between these topics and national science education standards. These workshops have been very well-received, and have consistently been rated highly by participants in surveys. We believe the methods used in these workshops can be applied to other topics in science education and to astronomy and Earth science education specifically. In this presentation, we will describe our magnetism and space weather workshop, including some of the hands-on activities. We will describe successful aspects of the workshop and comment on ways we think this approach could be replicated for other topics. We will also display some of the interactives, graphics, and animations shown during the workshops. Resources have been added to the workshop over the years in response to recurring questions from teachers; we will comment on this process and how it might be applied to other topics. The activities and extensive background content used or referenced in the workshop are available for free on the Windows to the Universe web site (www.windows2universe.org). Hands on activities can help students gain an intuitive grasp for natural phenomena. Iron filings and a horseshoe magnet help learners comprehend the magnetic fields above sunspot pairs.

Russell, R. M.; Johnson, R. M.

2010-12-01

425

In Vitro Models of Biological Responses to Implant Microbiological Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

To study the etiology and explore possibilities for the therapy of implant-associated infections, investigators have developed and utilized various in vitro models. Major contributions have come from the non-oral medical field, where device-related infections can create life-threatening situations. Microbiological models may include (i) models to study the reaction of micro-organisms to the presence of implants, (ii) models to study the

Andrea Mombelli

1999-01-01

426

Physics Education and Outreach: Models and Responsibilities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

What are the great challenges and responsibilities in physics education and how do we approach them? This panel discussion will solicit views from a wide range of individuals involved in physics education and outreach on the importance of science literacy and the various ways by which we strive to attain it. Throughout this extended discussion we will consider the multiple arenas in which science education is taking place, how it is finding success, and also how it might be failing. We will consider public outreach, higher education, and public education sectors, all of which are represented by this diverse panel. Comments and questions from the audience will be welcomed during the second half of the conversation.

Bartlett, Albert; Chisholm, James; Johnston, Adam; Palen, Stacy; Smith, Matthew; Walker, Constance

2010-10-01

427

From lecture to learning tasks: use of the 4C/ID model in a communication skills course in a continuing professional education context.  

PubMed

This article describes the use of four-component instructional design (4C/ID), a model to plan educational interventions for complex learning. This model was used to design a continuing education course on communication skills for health professionals in a context that is hierarchical and communal. The authors describe the 4C/ID model and provide an example of its application in designing the course. In the 4C/ID model, learning tasks serve as the backbone of the course, with lectures and other supportive information organized around them. The 4C/ID model is different from traditional models that base the course on lectures on different topics and connect part-task assignments to these topics. The use of the 4C/ID model to develop the educational intervention moves the paradigm from lectures to learning tasks to better prepare learners for real practice. PMID:23654295

Susilo, Astrid Pratidina; van Merriënboer, Jeroen; van Dalen, Jan; Claramita, Mora; Scherpbier, Albert

2013-05-08

428

Modeling streamflow response from Minnesota peatlands  

SciTech Connect

To aid in the development of Minnesota's 7 million acres of peatlands, and to evaluate the hydrologic impacts and reclamation options associated with such development, a Peatland Hydrologic Impact Model (PHIM) was devised. PHIM is a deterministic, continuous simulation model designed to simulate streamflow resulting from rainfall and snowmelt under both natural and altered (mined) conditions. It is largely physically based and requires watershed information and hydrometeorological data that are usually available in an operational setting. PHIM can provide both daily and hourly estimates of streamflow, PHIM consists of 5 submodels, 3 land type submodels for natural peatlands, mined peatlands and mineral soil uplands and 2 routing submodels for channel reaches and reservoirs. Streamflow from headwater peatland watersheds can be simulated by combining the submodels in the order that best describes the basin. The model was tested on the basis of stormflow events form a 3758 ha undisturbed peatland and a 155 ha peatland that had undergone ditching and peat mining for horticultural purposes. Simulated streamflow volumes averaged 86 and 91% of observed volumes for the undisturbed and mined area, respectively. Peat discharges were simulated within 84 and 65% of observed values, respectively.

Guertin, D.P.

1984-01-01

429

International Society for Medical Publication Professionals (ISMPP) position statement: the role of the professional medical writer.  

PubMed

The International Society for Medical Publication Professionals (ISMPP) is an independent, nonprofit professional association with members from the pharmaceutical, medical device, and biotechnology industries; publication planning and medical communications companies; academia; and medical journal staffs, including editors and publishers. ISMPP's mission is to support the educational needs of medical publication professionals by providing a forum to facilitate awareness and development of best practices in publication planning and implementation, and fostering consensus policies related to medical publishing. This position statement reflects our concern about the current climate of mistrust regarding the use of professional medical writers in the preparation of manuscripts. We acknowledge the skills and training of medical writing professionals and support their role in working with research teams to develop clear and concise manuscripts in a timely fashion. Further, we support complete and transparent disclosure of the role of the medical writer and the source of funding for the writing initiative in order to build awareness of, and trust in, the appropriate use of medical writing professionals. ISMPP endorses use of the contributorship model, which offers detailed information on the roles of all who participated in planning, conducting, developing, and publishing medical research. Further, we propose that this model be integrated into the standard operating procedures of the diverse organizations that comprise our membership because the responsibility for authorship disclosure is shared by sponsors, authors, study investigators, and medical writers. Finally, we commend the many organizations that have worked to increase recognition and understanding of the legitimate role of the medical writer, and are eager to work in concert with them to ensure the rigorous maintenance of all ethical standards for reporting the results of medical research. PMID:17605897

Norris, Robert; Bowman, Aly; Fagan, Jean M; Gallagher, Eileen R; Geraci, Anna B; Gertel, Art; Hirsch, Laurence; Ross, Philip D; Stossel, Thomas P; Veitch, Keith; Woods, David

2007-08-01

430

Reflections on reciprocity in professional development: Learning partners as professional learning teams  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professional development that is effective in promoting changed practice remains an ideal in many workplace contexts where individuals have a range of experience, expertise and needs. A shift is required from traditional 'top-down' models of professional development to a situated work-embedded model that is based on reciprocity in professional learning. An innovative approach where all learning partners work collaboratively as

Margaret A Fletcher

431

Pluralistic ignorance and professional standards: underestimating professionalism of our peers in public relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two-hundred-fifty-one responses to a battery of 45 professional standard items indicate that public relations professionals randomly surveyed from across the nation tend to underestimate the current state of professional standards in the field. This state of affairs, described in coorientation theory as pluralistic ignorance, suggests that our field may actually hold higher standards and greater confidence in standards than we

Lynne M. Sallot; Glen T. Cameron; Ruth Ann Weaver Lariscy

1998-01-01

432

Improved Approximations for Multilevel Models with Binary Responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY This paper discusses the use of improved approximations for the estimation of generalized linear multilevel models where the response is a proportion. Simulation studies by Rodriguez and Goldman have shown that in extreme situations large biases can occur, most notably when the response is binary, the number of level 1 units per level 2 unit is small and the

HARVEY GOLDSTEIN; JON RASBASH

1996-01-01

433

A Common Process Model for Incident Response and Computer Forensics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Incident Response and Computer Forensics are two areas with similar goals but distinct process models. While in both cases the goal is to investigate computer se- curity incidents and contain their effects, Incident Response focusses more on restora- tion of normal service and Computer Forensics on the provision of evidence that can be used in a court of law. In

Felix C. Freiling; Bastian Schwittay

2007-01-01

434

A spatial diffusion model for police emergency response system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Police emergency response system plays a nuclear and key role in the emergency management system. The spatial range of emergency event spread area is usually dynamic diffused through time. This problem will make emergency response difficult to assess emergency event and dispatch emergency resources. Therefore, it is imperative to design and implement a spatial diffusion model to solve this problem.

Xuefei Li; Peihong Fu

2011-01-01

435

A model of employee responses to drug-testing programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Testing employees for drug use is an increasingly widespread organizational response to the problem of employee drug abuse. Despite this, little attention has been given to its effects on employee attitudes and behavior. This paper reviews the issue of drug testing in industry, provides a theoretical model of employee perceptions of and responses to drug-testing programs, and offers an agenda

J. Michael Crant; Thomas S. Bateman

1989-01-01

436

Inference on Impulse Response Functions in Structural VAR Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Skepticism toward traditional identifying assumptions based on exclusion restrictions has led to a surge in the use of structural VAR models in which structural shocks are identified by restricting the sign of the responses of selected macroeconomic aggregates to these shocks. Researchers commonly report the vector of pointwise posterior medians of the impulse responses as a measure of central tendency

Atsushi Inoue; Lutz Kilian

2011-01-01

437

The immune response to parasitic helminths: insights from murine models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Helminth parasites are a large group of multicellular organisms that affect vast numbers of humans and are a major cause of disease. Several relevant experimental murine models, representing the spectrum of human diseases, have been helpful in analyzing and characterizing the host immune response to the different helminths. Although this response is largely defined by type-2 immunity, recent observations have

William C. Gause; Joseph F. Urban; Miguel J. Stadecker

2003-01-01

438

Modelling in emergency response planning: Some developments and opportunities  

Microsoft Academic Search

We identify a number of trends that appear likely to change the way we use models in the emergency response planning process. Our refections are drawn largely from the US literature, emphasizing some recent research work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Section 2 is devoted to some recent advances in emergency warning, response and protective action assessment, emphasizing the

F. Southworth; J. H. Sorensen

1991-01-01

439

Assessment of Basic Indirect Pharmacodynamic Response Models with Physiological Limits  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many physiological factors are regulated by homeostatic mechanisms to maintain normal body function. Empirical lower R \\u000a l\\u000a (Model I and IV) or upper R\\u000a h\\u000a limits (Model II and III) were included in current basic indirect response (IDR) models to account for the additional role\\u000a of physiological limits (IDRPL). Various characteristics of these models were evaluated with simulations and explicit

Zhenling Yao; Wojciech Krzyzanski; William J. Jusko

2006-01-01

440

Modelling Sugarcane Growth in Response to Age, Insolation and Temperature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modelling sugarcane growth in response to age of cane, insolation and air temperature using first-order multiple regression analysis and a non-linear approach is investigated. Data are restricted to one variety from irrigated fields to eliminate the impact of varietal response and rainfall. Ten first-order models are investigated. The predictant is cane yield from 600 field tests. The predictors are cumulative

Karl Tiap Sen How; K. T. S

1986-01-01

441

Distinct Tensile Response of Model Semi-flexible Elastomer Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through coarse-grained molecular modeling, we study how the elastic response strongly depends upon nanostructural heterogeneities in model networks made of semi-flexible chains exhibiting both regular and realistic connectivity. Idealized regular polymer networks have been shown to display a peculiar elastic response similar to that of super-tough natural materials (e.g., organic adhesives inside abalone shells). We investigate the impact of chain

Bernardo M. Aguilera-Mercado; Claude Cohen; Fernando A. Escobedo

2011-01-01

442

Theoretical Models for the Shock Response of Foams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Foams, distended materials and porous solids have long been recognised for their shock or stress wave attenuating properties. This paper reviews some of the theoretical models which have been developed over the past three decades to describe the shock response of foams. The predictive capabilities of the models are illustrated by comparison with Hugoniot and shock-wave profile data on a variety of foams. Emphasis is placed on the low-stress (a few GPa) response of polymeric and syntactic foams.

Maw, John R.

1999-06-01

443

Methods of utilizing baseline values for indirect response models  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study derives and assesses modified equations for Indirect Response Models (IDR) for normalizing data for baseline values\\u000a (R\\u000a 0) and evaluates different methods of utilizing baseline information. Pharmacodynamic response equations for the four basic\\u000a IDR models were adjusted to reflect a ratio to, a change from (e.g., subtraction), or percent change relative to baseline.\\u000a The original and modified IDR

Sukyung Woo; Dipti Pawaskar; William J. Jusko

2009-01-01

444

A Qualitative Case Study Analysis for a Potential Model for a K-12 Professional Development Using Virtual Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to examine three e-learning technologies based on a pedagogical framework for virtual learning environments, and to explore how these technologies could be used to facilitate extended professional learning opportunities whereby K-12 educators could communicate, collaborate, and reflect on their practice. This…

Santacroce-Tejedor, Andrea

2011-01-01

445

The Reduction of Stigma in Schools: A New Professional Development Model for Empowering Educators to Support LGBTQ Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the rationale and design of The Reduction of Stigma in Schools—an innovative professional development program that aims to empower educators to create supportive learning environments for LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer) students. Part of a larger evaluation study, the authors illustrate how the core design components are visible in participants’ experiences with the program itself and

Elizabethe C. Payne; Melissa Smith

2011-01-01

446

Learning to Integrate New Technologies into Teaching and Learning through a Design-Based Model of Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As multimedia and technological savvy continue to expand existing notions of contemporary literacy, the need to prepare teachers to use a variety of classroom technologies has never been greater (Author1 & Author2, 2008a; Author1 & Author2, 2009). In order for teachers to be prepared to use such technologies, the structure of teacher professional

O'Hara, Susan; Pritchard, Robert; Huang, Cammy; Pella, Shannon

2013-01-01

447

A Competency Model for Determining the Professional Profiles of Faculty at Teacher Preparation Schools in Southern Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we present the preliminary findings of a study focused on determining the demographic and professional profiles and competencies of professors teaching at the Normal Schools that prepare elementary school teachers in the Southeast of Mexico. Data collection involves multiple methods of data collection including focus group…

Mijangos-Noh, Juan Carlos; Canto-Herrera, Pedro J.; Cisneros-Cohernour, Edith J.

2006-01-01

448

Implications of the Counseling Psychology Model Training Values Statement Addressing Diversity for Education and Training in Professional Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quality education and training is a commitment made to future generations of psychologists by those assuming the role of a faculty member or supervisor. One widely recognized hallmark of quality in professional psychology education and training is accreditation of doctoral programs by the American Psychological Association's Commission on…

Grus, Catherine L.

2009-01-01

449

Learning to Integrate New Technologies into Teaching and Learning through a Design-Based Model of Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As multimedia and technological savvy continue to expand existing notions of contemporary literacy, the need to prepare teachers to use a variety of classroom technologies has never been greater (Author1 & Author2, 2008a; Author1 & Author2, 2009). In order for teachers to be prepared to use such technologies, the structure of teacher professional

O'Hara, Susan; Pritchard, Robert; Huang, Cammy; Pella, Shannon

2013-01-01

450

QUEST: A Collaborative Professional Development Model to Meet the Needs of Diverse Learners in K-6 Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Teaching science to diverse learners can be a demanding and challenging task. Teachers may be underprepared and thus unsure of how to best address the needs of their students in their classroom. One approach to helping teachers is through professional development. Yet, programs that focus mainly on science or special education can fail to fully…

van Garderen, Delinda; Hanuscin, Deborah; Lee, Eun; Kohn, Pat

2012-01-01

451

Detecting Answer Copying when the Regular Response Process Follows a Known Response Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A statistical test for detecting answer copying on multiple-choice items is presented. The test is based on the exact null distribution of the number of random matches between two test takers under the assumption that the response process follows a known response model. The null distribution can easily be generalized to the family of…

van der Linden, Wim J.; Sotaridona, Leonardo

2006-01-01

452

Evaluating Cognitive Theory: A Joint Modeling Approach Using Responses and Response Times  

Microsoft Academic Search

In current psychological research, the analysis of data from computer-based assessments or experiments is often confined to accuracy scores. Response times, although being an important source of additional information, are either neglected or analyzed separately. In this article, a new model is developed that allows the simultaneous analysis of accuracy scores and response times of cognitive tests with a rule-based

Rinke H. Klein Entink; Jörg-Tobias Kuhn; Lutz F. Hornke; Jean-Paul Fox

2009-01-01

453

Modeling the host response to inhalation anthrax  

PubMed Central

Inhalation anthrax, an often fatal infection, is initiated by endospores of the bacterium Bacillus anthracis that are introduced into the lung. To better understand the pathogenesis of an inhalation anthrax infection, we propose a two compartment mathematical model which takes into account the documented early events of such an infection. Anthrax spores, once inhaled, are readily taken up by alveolar phagocytes which then migrate rather quickly out of the lung and into the thoracic/mediastinal lymph nodes. En route, these spores germinate to become vegetative bacteria. In the lymph nodes, the bacteria kill the host cells and are released into the extracellular environment where they can be disseminated into the blood stream and grow to a very high level, often resulting in death of the infected person. Using this framework as the basis of our model, we explore the probability of survival of an infected individual. This is dependent on several factors, such as the rate of migration and germination events and treatment with antibiotics.

Day, Judy; Friedman, Avner; Schlesinger, Larry S

2011-01-01

454

The Professional Responsibilities of Professors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores why, as trustees of legal traditions, legal educators have an obligation to inspire and equip future lawyers to address issues such as access to justice, the regulation of lawyers' conduct, the pressures of legal workplaces, and the erosion of support for pro bono contributions. (EV)

Rhode, Deborah L.

2001-01-01

455

Career development: our professional responsibility.  

PubMed

Literature indicates that nurses' contributions to the health care profession are misunderstood by the general public. Of equal importance is how nurses perceive themselves. The present study attempted to describe the self-image of nurses working in a hospital setting and to determine whether there are differences in self-image between beginning and expert nurses, between caregivers and noncaregivers, between nurses with different levels of education, and between full-time and part-time nurses. Using the Porter Nursing Image Scale, a sample of 363 nurses perceived themselves positively on the three factors: Interpersonal Power, Interpersonal Relations, and Intrapersonal Ability. Significant differences were found between beginning and expert nurses, between caregivers and noncaregivers, between those with BSN and MSN education, and between full-time and part-time nurses. The data suggest the importance of graduate-level education for nurses and the need for career advancement and career counseling. PMID:1894840

Porter, R T; Porter, M J

456

Portrait professional.  

PubMed

Most medical photographers, unless working as dedicated ophthalmic photographers or retinal screeners, will shoot portraits or publicity pictures. Many will spend a proportion of their time producing brochure shots for patient information material or their Trust's Annual Report. High-quality images of staff at work are often required by the strategic planning departments of Trusts to support bids for business from service commissioners. This "non-clinical" work is in reality commercial work - the jobs that high street portrait and general practice photographers would undertake in different settings. Medical photographers use many of the same tools as their commercial cousins. They use the same DSLR cameras and lenses. They use Adobe Photoshop to manipulate images. However, one software tool extensively used by portrait and social photographers, but possibly unfamiliar to many medical photographers, is Portrait Professional. Currently in its 10th version, it is produced by Anthropics Technology ( http://www.anthropics.com ), a London-based company specialising in image manipulation software. PMID:22229529

Vernon, Tim

2011-12-01

457

Professional Development of Early Childhood Administrators Within A Professional Development School (PDS) Learning Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF EARLY CHILDHOOD ADMINISTRATORS WITHIN A PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT SCHOOL (PDS) LEARNING COMMUNITY\\u000aGinger LuAnne Zierdt, Ph.D. University of Nebraska, 2009\\u000aAdvisor: Marilyn L. Grady\\u000aThe traditional roles of early childhood educators have expanded to include management and leadership responsibilities. Through the stories and observations of early childhood administrators who participated in a Professional Learning Community within a Professional

Ginger L Zierdt

2009-01-01

458

Stochastic Response Surface Based Simulation Of Ground Water Modeling  

SciTech Connect

Estimation of Uncertainty associated with groundwater modeling is an important aspect in nuclear industries. Traditional methods for propagating the uncertainty, such as Monte Carlo require prohibitive number of model simulation for complex model. Stochastic response surface method which is more computationally efficient is based on polynomial expansion of model input and output in terms of well behaved random variables that are identically and independently distributed. The model output at collocation point is evaluated to know the unknown coefficients in the series expansion of output. The uncertainty in concentration profile and degree of uncertainty is evaluated for model. The present paper describes the novel approach of stochastic response surface technique to estimate the uncertainty in the groundwater modeling.

Ranade, A. K.; Pandey, M.; Datta, D. [Computational Radiation Physics Section, Health Physics Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre Mumbai-85 (India)

2010-10-26

459

Linking an ecosystem model and a landscape model to study forest species response to climate warming  

Microsoft Academic Search

No single model can address forest change from single tree to regional scales. We discuss a framework linking an ecosystem process model (linkages) with a spatial landscape model (landis) to examine forest species responses to climate warming for a large, heterogeneous landscape in northern Wisconsin, USA. Individual species response at the ecosystem scale was simulated with linkages, which integrates soil,

Hong S. He; David J. Mladenoff; Thomas R. Crow

1999-01-01

460

NDA SYSTEM RESPONSE MODELING AND ITS APPLICATION  

SciTech Connect

The Portsmouth gaseous diffusion plant (PORTS) is a uranium enrichment facility that was historically used to enrich uranium to levels that range from 2% to greater than 97%. The feed material for PORTS was obtained from the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant (PGDP) that produced uranium in the form of UF6 that was enriched to about 1 to 2%. The enrichment process involves a multistage process by which gaseous UF{sub 6} passed through a diffusion barrier in each stage. The porous diffusion barrier in each stage retards the rate of the diffusion of the heavier {sup 238}U atoms relative to the diffusion of the lighter {sup 235}U atoms. By this process the product stream is slightly enriched by each stage of the process. Each stage consists of a compressor, converter and a motor. There are more than 4000 stages that are linked together with piping of various diameters to form the PORTS cascade. The cascade spans three interconnected buildings and comprises miles of piping, thousands of seals, converters, valves, motors, and compressors. During operation, PORTS process equipment contained UF{sub 6} gas with uranium enrichment that increased in the process stream from the first to the last stage in a known manner. Gaseous UF{sub 6} moving through the PORTS process equipment had potential to form deposits within the process equipment by several mechanisms, including solidification due to incorrect temperature and pressure conditions during the process, inleakage of atmospheric moisture that chemically reacts with UF{sub 6} to form hydrated uranyl fluoride solids, reduction reactions of UF{sub 6} with cascade metals, and UF{sub 6} condensation on the internal equipment surfaces. As a result, the process equipment of the PORTS contains a variable and unknown quantity of uranium with variable enrichment that has been deposited within the equipment during plant operations. The exact chemical form of this uranium is variable, although it is expected that the bulk of the material is of the form of uranyl fluoride that will become hydrated on exposure to moisture in air when the systems are no longer buffered. The deposit geometry and thickness is uncertain and variable. However, a reasonable assessment of the level of material holdup in this equipment is necessary to support decommissioning efforts. The assessment of nuclear material holdup in process equipment is a complex process that requires integration of process knowledge, nondestructive assay (NDA) measurements, and computer modeling to maximize capabilities and minimize uncertainty. The current report is focused on the use of computer modeling and simulation of NDA measurements.

Vinson, D.

2010-03-01

461

A model of placebo response in antidepressant clinical trials.  

PubMed

Placebo response in clinical trials of antidepressant medications is substantial and has been increasing. High placebo response rates hamper efforts to detect signals of efficacy for new antidepressant medications, contributing to trial failures and delaying the delivery of new treatments to market. Media reports seize upon increasing placebo response and modest advantages for active drugs as reasons to question the value of antidepressant medication, which may further stigmatize treatments for depression and dissuade patients from accessing mental health care. Conversely, enhancing the factors responsible for placebo response may represent a strategy for improving available treatments for major depressive disorder. A conceptual framework describing the causes of placebo response is needed in order to develop strategies for minimizing placebo response in clinical trials, maximizing placebo response in clinical practice, and talking with depressed patients about the risks and benefits of antidepressant medications. In this review, the authors examine contributors to placebo response in antidepressant clinical trials and propose an explanatory model. Research aimed at reducing placebo response should focus on limiting patient expectancy and the intensity of therapeutic contact in antidepressant clinical trials, while the optimal strategy in clinical practice may be to combine active medication with a presentation and level of therapeutic contact designed to enhance treatment response. PMID:23318413

Rutherford, Bret R; Roose, Steven P

2013-07-01

462

Sirius: a mechanistic model of wheat response to environmental variation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sirius is a wheat simulation model that calculates biomass production from intercepted photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) and grain growth from simple partitioning rules. Leaf area index (LAI) is developed from a thermal time sub-model. Phenological development is calculated from the mainstem leaf appearance rate and final leaf number, with the latter determined by responses to daylength and vernalisation. Effects of

P. D. Jamieson; M. A. Semenov; I. R. Brooking; G. S. Francis

1998-01-01

463

An Item Response Model for Characterizing Test Compromise.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Developed an item response model for characterizing test-compromise that enables the estimation of item preview and score-gain distributions. In the approach, models parameters and posterior distributions are estimated by Markov Chain Monte Carlo procedures. Simulation study results suggest that when at least some test items are known to be…

Segall, Daniel O.

2002-01-01

464

A Model Equal Parental Responsibility Presumption in Contested Child Custody  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model rebuttable legal presumption of equal parental responsibility, defined as children spending equal amounts of time in each parent's household, in contested child custody cases, is articulated. This model, a unique hybrid of the “approximation standard” and a joint custody presumption, addresses the concerns of critics of each of these presumptions, and serves as a template for legislators and

Edward Kruk

2011-01-01

465

Dose-response model for Burkholderia pseudomallei (melioidosis)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: The objective of this study was development of a dose-response model for exposure to Burkholderia pseudomallei in different animal hosts and analysis of the results. The data sets with which the model was developed were taken from the open literature. Methods and Results: All data sets were initially tested for a trend between dose and outcome using the Cochran-Armitage

S. B. Tamrakar; C. N. Haas

2008-01-01

466

The LGBTQ Responsive Model for Supervision of Group Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although supervision of group work has been linked to the development of multicultural and social justice competencies, there are no models for supervision of group work specifically designed to address the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) persons. This manuscript presents the LGBTQ Responsive Model for Supervision of Group Work (RMSGW), offering a trans-theoretical framework through which

Kristopher M. Goodrich; Melissa Luke

2011-01-01

467

On the Relative Efficiency of Randomized Response Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The variance of the maximum likelihood estimator in each of the one- and two-sample alternate question randomized response models is compared to that of the original Warner model. In both cases, the former variance is shown to be uniformly less than that of the latter for all values of the parameter being estimated and appropriate ranges for the design parameters.

T. A. Dowling; Richard H. Shachtman

1975-01-01

468

DOSE-RESPONSE ASSESSMENT FOR DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY III. STATISTICAL MODELS  

EPA Science Inventory

Although quantitative modeling has been central to cancer risk assessment for years, the concept of do@e-response modeling for developmental effects is relatively new. he benchmark dose (BMD) approach has been proposed for use with developmental (as well as other noncancer) endpo...

469

Professional Environment for Teacher Professional Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Introduction. Teaching and training are at the heart of the knowledge society where the continuing professional development of teachers and trainers provides the cornerstone for the development of a high quality education and training systems. The Aim of the Study. To identify a design of professional environment for teacher professional

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

470

Concept analysis of professional commitment in Iranian nurses  

PubMed Central

Aim: Professional commitment has been widely discussed during the last decade. There is no comprehensive definition about “professional commitment in Iranian nurses.” Hence, this study was conducted with the aim of analyzing the concept of professional commitment in Iranian nurses. Materials and Methods: Hybrid model was used in three phases. Firstly, in the theoretical phase, data were retrieved from the CINHAl, MEDLINE, PubMed, OVID, Google scholar, and SID databases. The literature search used the keywords “professional commitment” and “nursing.” The final sample included 27 papers published in English between 2001 and 2011.Secondly, in the fieldwork phase, deep interviews with five clinical nurses were carried out, and thirdly, in the final analytical phase, the obtained data from theoretical and fieldwork phases were combined and a comprehensive analysis was conducted. Results: Loyalty and tendency to remain in the profession and responsibility to the professional issues were extracted in theoretical phase. Commitment to promote caring abilities, satisfying of being a nurse, and belonging to the nursing profession were obtained in fieldwork phase. Finally, two main themes including “commitment to offering the best nursing care” and “commitment to promotion of the nursing profession” were extracted. Conclusion: Nursing is a humanistic profession; it has some particular characteristics due to the profession’s nature. In this paper, a definition composed of two main dimensions of professional commitment in nursing has been introduced.

Jafaragaee, Fateme; Parvizy, Soroor; Mehrdad, Neda; Rafii, Forough

2012-01-01

471

Discrete Choice Models for Ordinal Response Variables: A Generalization of the Stereotype Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I present a class of discrete choice models for ordinal response variables based on a generalization of the stereotype model. The stereotype model can be derived and generalized as a random utility model for ordered alternatives. Random utility models can be specified to account for heteroscedastic and correlated utilities. In the…

Johnson, Timothy R.

2007-01-01

472

Bridging Scientific Model Outputs with Emergency Response Needs in Catastrophic Earthquake Responses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In emergency management, scientific models are widely used for running hazard simulations and estimating losses often in support of planning and mitigation efforts. This work expands utility of the scientific model into the response phase of emergency management. The focus is on the common operating picture as it gives context to emergency…

Johannes, Tay W.

2010-01-01

473

Bayesian Structural Equations Modeling for Ordinal Response Data with Missing Responses and Missing Covariates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Structural equations models (SEMs) have been extensively used to model survey data arising in the fields of sociology, psychology, health, and economics with increasing applications where self assessment questionnaires are the means to collect the data. We propose the SEM for multilevel ordinal response data from a large multilevel survey conducted by the US Veterans Health Administration (VHA). The proposed

Sungduk Kim; Sonali Das; Ming-Hui Chen; Nicholas Warren

2009-01-01

474

Staking a Claim for Social Responsibility: An Argument for the Dual Responsibility Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 50 years ago, Siebert, Peterson and Schramm (1956) penned their groundbreaking work, Four Theories of the Press, in which they articulated the ideals of social responsibility. However, the economic model for the media in the United States has changed dramatically since Four Theories was written. Consequently, there is a need for a new model that combines the high

Terry Adams-Bloom; Johanna Cleary

2009-01-01

475

Subjective response to changes in road traffic noise: A model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent research into subjective response to traffic noise has shown that where a decrease (or increase) in noise exposure occurs, residents' dissatisfaction with traffic noise decreases (or increases) to an extent greater than would be predicted from findings in steady state conditions, and that these effects are relatively persistent over time. We here discuss the implications of these findings for models of noise annoyance. We examine in detail two existing models of the mechanism of response to change. Neither these nor other existing models seem able to explain the results, and we therefore present a new model in which response to noise is characterized as a combination of sensitization to some effects of noise, but adaptive coping with other effects.

Raw, G. J.; Griffiths, I. D.

1990-08-01

476

For Health Professionals  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

... store. Health Care Professional Materials. Product, Description/Instructions for Use. Health Care Professional Fact Sheet. Provides ... More results from www.fda.gov/drugs/resourcesforyou/consumers

477

Modelling the Geomorphic Response to Land Use Changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the geomorphic response to land use changes in central Belgium is modelled. A spatially distributed sediment\\u000a delivery model (SEDEM) for the calculation of sediment delivery to rivers is presented. An existing data set on sediment yield\\u000a for 24 catchments in central Belgium was used for calibration and validation of the model. Next, a set of possible future

Anton Van Rompaey; Gerard Govers; Gert Verstraeten; Kristof Van Oost; Jean Poesen

478

Chemistry Teachers’ Emerging Expertise in Inquiry Teaching: The Effect of a Professional Development Model on Beliefs and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the beliefs and practices of seven high school chemistry teachers as a result of their participation\\u000a in a year-long inquiry professional development (PD) project. An analysis of oral interviews, written reflections, and in-class\\u000a observations were used to determine the extent to which the PD affected the teachers’ beliefs and practice. The data indicated\\u000a that the teachers developed

Gregory T. Rushton; Christine Lotter; Jonathan Singer

2011-01-01

479

Leadership and professional development: the quiet revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a model for holistic professional development as an alternative to practices that have been piecemeal and curriculum focused ignoring, in particular, the critical dimension of management development. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A conceptual framework for considering professional development needs is provided in the form of an holistic model. The model, with its

Carol Cardno

2005-01-01

480

Women's responses to battering: a test of the model.  

PubMed

A volunteer community sample of 141 well-educated, economically heterogeneous, primarily African American (80%), urban battered women was used to test a model of women's responses to battering. The model, based on Orem's theory, was developed previously with an independent sample. The major independent variables were physical and nonphysical abuse, and self-care agency. The outcomes were physical and emotional health. Using structural equation modeling techniques, there was sufficient support for the model structure to conclude preliminary support for the overall model. There was both a direct effect of abuse on health, and an indirect effect mediated through self-care agency as a protective factor. PMID:9928963

Campbell, J C; Soeken, K L

1999-02-01

481

Validating models of ecosystem response to global change  

SciTech Connect

Models are an essential component of any assessment of ecosystem response to changes in global climate and elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. The problem with these models is that their long-term predictions are impossible to test unambiguously except by allowing enough time for the full ecosystem response to develop. Unfortunately, when one must assess potentially devastating changes in the global environment, time becomes a luxury. Therefore, confidence in these models has to be built through the accumulation of fairly weak corrobatin evidence rather than through a few crucial and unambiguous tests. The criteria employed to judge the value of these models are thus likely to differ greatly from those used to judge finer scale models, which are more amenable to the scientific tradition of hypothesis formulation and testing. This article looks at four categories of tests which could potentially be used to evaluate ERCC (ecosystem response to climate and carbon dioxide concentration) models and illustrates why they cannot be considered crucial tests. The the synthesis role of ERCC models are is discussed and why they are vital to any assessment of long-term responses of ecosystems to changes in global climate and carbon dioxide concentration. 49 refs., 2 figs.

Rastetter, E.B. [Marine Biological Lab, Woods Hole, MA (United States)

1996-03-01

482

Be a real professional!  

PubMed

In an era in which healthcare practices are striving to provide better customer service, reduce staff turnover, increase referrals, and build stronger revenues, we need a standard of excellence upon which to base our expectations, model our behaviors, and hold our team members accountable. This article lays a foundation for a model of professionalism that allows your practice to build a team of people who serve as consistent and energized representatives of your unique vision--no matter how big or small your practice. PMID:19288654

Lipton-Dibner, Wendy

483

The response of mesoscale models to changes in surface roughness  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Downscaling mesoscale model wind speed fields to microscales for wind energy resource mapping entails knowledge not only of the surface roughness used in the mesoscale terrain description, but also of the `effective roughness' of the mesoscale model. The effective mesoscale roughness is a function of both the input roughness values, as well as the physical and dynamical filtering in the model. In this work, the responses of two mesoscale models (the WRF and KAM models) to changes in surface roughness are explored in an idealised framework. Both step roughness changes the response to small roughness elements are examined using idealised domains forced by a geostrophic wind perpendicular to the roughness changes in near-neutral conditions. The concept of effective roughness is explored based on the modelled wind profiles, and by considering generalisation of a single roughness change. Furthermore, the effective resolutions of the models are explored using spectra of the wind speeds over the step roughness changes, and by considering the horizontal extent of roughness element required for the models to fully adjust to the altered surface conditions. Thus the precise nature of the surface wind variability induced by roughness elements is described. Results from the two models are contrasted and described in terms of the different dynamical and physical characteristics of the models. The work is of importance for the fundamental understanding of the spectral response and filtering of mesoscale models. In addition, the analysis is of critical importance for practical downscaling problems in wind energy resource mapping. The effective roughness is the roughness that a mesoscale model actually responds to, and must be taken into account before using the model output in microscale models, where higher resolution roughness information is applied. Incorrect treatment of surface effects can significantly alter assessments of regional wind energy potential, or influence planning decisions relating to global wind energy resources. This work was supported by the Danish Council for Independent Research - Technology and Production under contract number 10-093196.

Vincent, Claire Louise; Badger, Jake; Hahmann, Andrea N.; Kelly, Mark C.

2013-04-01

484

Finite element modeling of the transient response of viscoelastic beams  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A procedure is presented for computing the transient response of a multiple degree of freedom finite element model of a beam system containing a viscoelastic material. A complex, frequency and temperature dependent shear modulus is used in representing the properties of this material. The beam is struck with an arbitrary transient input pulse, which is transformed to the frequency domain via the fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithm. The frequency dependent response of the beam may then easily be computed. Applying the inverse fast Fourier transform to this result then yields the transient, damped response of the complete beam system. This `approximate' approach is compared against an exact, modal solution for a system with viscous damping and excellent correlation is observed between the two. Finally, a procedure is presented to incorporate the finite element code ANSYS into the prediction procedure. Through the use of this code, a model constrained layer damped beam may be analyzed to obtain its transient response to an applied load.

Mehl, Jonathan D.; Miles, Ronald N.

1995-05-01

485

Finite element cochlear models and their steady state response  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Numerical cochlear models are constructed by means of a finite element approach and their frequency and spatial responses are calculated. The cochlea is modelled as a coupled fluid-membrane system, for which both two- and three-dimensional models are considered. The fluid in the scala canals is assumed to be incompressible and the basilar membrane is assumed to be a locally reactive impedance wall or a lossy elastic membrane. With the three-dimensional models, the effects are examined of the spiral configuration of the cochlea, of the presence of the lamina and the ligament that narrows the coupling area between the two fluid canals (scala vestibuli and scala tympani), and of the extended reaction of the basilar membrane which cannot be included in case of the two-dimensional models. The conclusion is that these effects on the cochlear response and the inherent mechanism governing the cochlear behaviour are found to be rather secondary.

Kagawa, Y.; Yamabuchi, T.; Watanabe, N.; Mizoguchi, T.

1987-12-01

486

Genomic responses in mouse models poorly mimic human inflammatory diseases  

PubMed Central

A cornerstone of modern biomedical research is the use of mouse models to explore basic pathophysiological mechanisms, evaluate new therapeutic approaches, and make go or no-go decisions to carry new drug candidates forward into clinical trials. Systematic studies evaluating how well murine models mimic human inflammatory diseases are nonexistent. Here, we show that, although acute inflammatory stresses from different etiologies result in highly similar genomic responses in humans, the responses in corresponding mouse models correlate poorly with the human conditions and also, one another. Among genes changed significantly in humans, the murine orthologs are close to random in matching their human counterparts (e.g., R2 between 0.0 and 0.1). In addition to improvements in the current animal model systems, our study supports higher priority for translational medical research to focus on the more complex human conditions rather than relying on mouse models to study human inflammatory diseases.

Seok, Junhee; Warren, H. Shaw; Cuenca, Alex G.; Mindrinos, Michael N.; Baker, Henry V.; Xu, Weihong; Richards, Daniel R.; McDonald-Smith, Grace P.; Gao, Hong; Hennessy, Laura; Finnerty, Celeste C.; Lopez, Cecilia M.; Honari, Shari; Moore, Ernest E.; Minei, Joseph P.; Cuschieri, Joseph; Bankey, Paul E.; Johnson, Jeffrey L.; Sperry, Jason; Nathens, Avery B.; Billiar, Timothy R.; West, Michael A.; Jeschke, Marc G.; Klein, Matthew B.; Gamelli, Richard L.; Gibran, Nicole S.; Brownstein, Bernard H.; Miller-Graziano, Carol; Calvano, Steve E.; Mason, Philip H.; Cobb, J. Perren; Rahme, Laurence G.; Lowry, Stephen F.; Maier, Ronald V.; Moldawer, Lyle L.; Herndon, David N.; Davis, Ronald W.; Xiao, Wenzhong; Tompkins, Ronald G.; Abouhamze, Amer; Balis, Ulysses G. J.; Camp, David G.; De, Asit K.; Harbrecht, Brian G.; Hayden, Douglas L.; Kaushal, Amit; O'Keefe, Grant E.; Kotz, Kenneth T.; Qian, Weijun; Schoenfeld, David A.; Shapiro, Michael B.; Silver, Geoffrey M.; Smith, Richard D.; Storey, John D.; Tibshirani, Robert; Toner, Mehmet; Wilhelmy, Julie; Wispelwey, Bram; Wong, Wing H

2013-01-01