Note: This page contains sample records for the topic psychiatric mental health from Science.gov.
While these samples are representative of the content of Science.gov,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of Science.gov
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.
Last update: November 12, 2013.
1

Primary Mental Health Care: A Model for Psychiatric-Mental Health Nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article introduces and defines the concept of primary mental health care, a model for the delivery of community-based, comprehensive psychiatric-mental health nurs ing care. The primary mental health care model incorporates professional role re sponsibilities, role functions, and intervention activities for psychiatric-mental health nurses at the basic and advanced levels of practice. Use of this model will enable psychiatric

Judith Haber; Carolyn V. Billings

1995-01-01

2

Communication and Mental Health: Psychiatric Forerunners.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The connections between human communication and mental health were first noted 50 to 60 years ago by such early psychiatrists as Alfred Adler, Harry Stack Sullivan, and Karen Horney. They were concerned with understanding those communication processes and skills that make for effective, fully functioning human beings. Adler emphasized faulty…

Brooks, Deems M.

3

Rural community mental health consumer satisfaction and psychiatric symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impact of therapy on psychiatric symptoms and consumer satisfaction in a rural community mental health center. Utilizing the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and an evaluation of service questionnaire (EOS), designed by the authors, results indicated positive outcomes for both measures (88 subjects). Small but significant correlations were obtained for the BSI and EOS (r's .29 to

David M. Carscaddon; Martin George; Gordon Wells

1990-01-01

4

Racial Disparities in Mental Health Outcomes after Psychiatric Hospital Discharge among Individuals with Severe Mental Illness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Racial disparities in mental health outcomes have been widely documented in noninstitutionalized community psychiatric samples, but few studies have specifically examined the effects of race among individuals with the most severe mental illnesses. A sample of 925 individuals hospitalized for severe mental illness was followed for a year after…

Eack, Shaun M.; Newhill, Christina E.

2012-01-01

5

[Psychiatric emergencies in the context of community mental health services].  

PubMed

Psychiatric services dispensed according to geographic sectors has been a reality of the Montréal area psychiatric care system for about fifteen years. In a dense urban environment where the territorial limits of sectors do not necessarily follow the borders of residential areas, divisions by sector can create serious access problems. On a different note, when the distribution of mental health services is patterned after the main urban arteries, sectorialization becomes the validation of an existing situation, its success thereby ensured by the force of circumstances. In this article, the access to emergency psychiatric services over the sectorialized territory of Ile Jesus is examined based on archival data provided by Sacré-Coeur and Cité de la Santé hospitals. The data reveal that patients with a psychiatric ailment present themselves to the emergency ward of the hospital of their sector. These patients of emergency services are characterized by usage patterns that are no different from those of users of all types of health care services, psychiatric or not, regardless of the reason of the visit. However, the place of use of sectorialized psychiatric services has a halo effect on non-sectorialized psychiatric services. The impact of sectorialization on the usage and access of services is therefore a complex phenomenon. PMID:8218660

Béland, F; Lemay, A; Lavoie, G

1993-01-01

6

[Involuntary psychiatric intervention in community mental health].  

PubMed

In Japan, the involuntary outpatient treatment system like the Community Treatment Order is defined only in the Medical Treatment and Supervision Act 2005. However, in our outreach approach activities in the community, our treatment may seem to be involuntary intervention for some patients, and, occasionally, we actually have to perform involuntary intervention in certain cases. Some patients do not even agree with our visit, and some agree with our visit but not with medication. Some patients do not take medication in spite of their agreement In this paper, I introduce some cases of our outreach approach activities and discuss the merit and demerit of involuntary intervention in community psychiatric care. The involuntary hospitalization system is being assessed, but involuntary intervention with an outreach approach has not been assessed or discussed well so far. We should discuss and try to develop rules for involuntary psychiatric intervention with an outreach approach. PMID:24050018

Ota, Junichiro

2013-01-01

7

Racial Disparities in Mental Health Outcomes After Psychiatric Hospital Discharge Among Individuals With Severe Mental Illness  

PubMed Central

Racial disparities in mental health outcomes have been widely documented in non-institutionalized community psychiatric samples, but few studies have specifically examined the effects of race among individuals with the most severe mental illnesses. A sample of 925 individuals hospitalized for severe mental illness were followed for a year after hospital discharge to examine the presence of disparities in mental health outcomes between African American and White individuals diagnosed with a severe psychiatric condition. Results from a series of individual growth curve models indicated that African American individuals with severe mental illness experienced significantly less improvement in global functioning, activation and anergia symptoms, and were less likely to return to work in the year following hospitalization. Racial disparities persisted after adjustment for sociodemographic and diagnostic confounders, and were largely consistent across gender, socioeconomic status, and psychiatric diagnosis. Implications for social work research and practice with minorities with severe mental illness are discussed.

Eack, Shaun M.; Newhill, Christina E.

2013-01-01

8

Challenges to HIV prevention in psychiatric settings: Perceptions of South African mental health care providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health services in South Africa increasingly feel the brunt of the AIDS epidemic. Despite the high prevalence of infection in the psychiatric setting, HIV risk reduction interventions targeting South Africans with psychiatric illness remain few and far between. The attitudes of mental health care providers about sexual relations and HIV among people with mental illness continue to influence the

Pamela Y. Collins

2006-01-01

9

Non-Psychiatric Services Provided in a Mental Health Unit in a County Jail  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health service provision by social workers in a county jail is examined through a retrospective review of 359 mentally ill jail inmates' health and mental health records. Length of stay and number of service episodes are compared by crime, gender, race, and psychiatric disorder. Male inmates stayed on the mental health unit significantly longer and inmates with psychotic disorders

Diane S. Young

2002-01-01

10

Global mental health as a component of psychiatric residency training.  

PubMed

This study seeks to assess the educational value of an international psychiatry elective using a cross section of psychiatric residents. In 2010, a 10-item semi-structured questionnaire was administered to Mount Sinai psychiatric residents who have participated in the Global Health Residency Track of the Mount Sinai School of Medicine. Authors reviewed the qualitative data and arrived at a consensus regarding trends and deviations regarding residents' experiences of their international field work. Six residents participated in this study. Common themes included exposure to sicker, treatment-naïve patients in resource scarce conditions, enhancement of cross-cultural communications skills, renewed appreciation for psychiatry, empowerment as teachers, and greater awareness of health-care systems. Knowing that an international elective existed would be a significant factor in their choice of residency. Respondents had concerns for the sustainability. Participants felt that the elective was a place to consolidate skills already learned during residency and resulted in increased professional confidence although it did not necessarily alter career paths. International electives can enrich psychiatric residency training in terms of understanding of mental health care systems, cross cultural psychiatry, sharpening diagnostic skills, building professional confidence and communication skills, and reaffirming motivation to practice psychiatry. PMID:21681561

Wang, Michele; Katz, Craig; Wiegand, Jessica

2012-03-01

11

[An object study about the teaching of psychiatric nursing and mental health].  

PubMed

This article approaches the construction of a study object about the psychiatric nursing teaching and mental health. It is supported on the Marxist theoretical-methodological referential making a re-dimension of concepts as teaching--as a reproduction and resistance practice--ideology/counter-ideology, actors/social subjects, mental health and the psychiatric reform. PMID:10776284

Kantorski, L P; da Silva, G B

12

Exploring Essential Competences and Credentialing Model of Community Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this study were to outline nursing competences and to develop credentialing model of the essential community psychiatric mental health nursing. The action study research method was used in the study, with a core group of research subjects recruited from the field of psychiatric mental health nursing education and clinical practice. The construct of the developmental model comprises

Jiin-Ru Rong; Wen-I Laiu; Fan-Fang Hung; Shu-Jen Shiau

2008-01-01

13

Mental Health Professionals' Perceived Barriers and Benefits, and Personal Concerns in Relation to Psychiatric Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim: Mental health professionals can contribute to generating a strong evidence base for policy and practice in psychiatry. An insight into their perception of psychiatric research is important for planning support strategies. This study explored healthcare professionals' perceptions of barriers, benefits and concerns about psychiatric research in a Singapore psychiatric hospital. Materials and Methods: Self-administered questionnaire was em- ployed to

Elaine Pek; Mythily Subramaniam; Janhavi Vaingankar; Yiong Huak Chan

14

Improving information technology competencies: implications for psychiatric mental health nursing.  

PubMed

While substantial evidence links information technology (IT) with improved patient safety, care quality, access, and efficiency, nurses must demonstrate competencies in computers, informatics, and information literacy in order to use IT for practice, education, and research. The nursing profession has established IT competencies for all nurses at beginning and experienced levels. Newly revised standards also articulate role-specific expectations for advanced practice nurses. Unfortunately, there is a concern that many nurses may not possess these capabilities and that nurse educators are not prepared to teach them. IT competency evaluations, which have focused predominately on nursing education, indicate novice skill levels for most faculty and students. In numerous studies, again conducted largely in nursing education, significant improvement in IT competencies has been achieved only with intensive interventions. Deficits in IT competencies are a significant concern, because the federal government has mandated full implementation of Electronic Health Records (EHR) by 2014. EHR will require all nurses to use IT to deliver, document, and obtain reimbursement for patient care. In response to these concerns, two recent initiatives, the "Health Information Technology Scholars (HITS)" and "Technology Informatics Guiding Education Reform (TIGER)" projects, have been launched. By enhancing IT competencies, these projects will enable nurses to use evidence-based practice and other innovations to transform clinical care, education, and research. This report updates psychiatric-mental health nurses on the IT competencies literature, recent enhancement initiatives and innovations, and their implications for the specialty. PMID:19148816

Fetter, Marilyn S

2009-01-01

15

Perceptions of barriers to psychiatric-mental health CNS practice.  

PubMed

This descriptive study of practice barriers compared the perceptions of 67 psychiatric/mental health clinical nurse specialists (PMH-CNSs) with those of 767 nurse practitioners (NPs) in a single state. In addition, it contrasted the barriers identified by the rural and urban PMH-CNS study participants (n=14 and 53, respectively). Though all participants found the practice climate moderately restrictive on a 5-point Likert scale (1=very restrictive to 5=not restrictive), the PMH-CNSs found the practice environment significantly more restrictive than the NPs (3.13 versus 3.61, p<.001). Lack of public knowledge of their advanced practice role was the top-ranking practice barrier for both NPs and PMH-CNSs (60% and 44%, respectively). Lack of understanding of their role was the next highest in rank (PMH-CNSs at 49%; NPs at 39%). CMH-CNSs noted resistance from physicians and/or psychologists as their third-highest barrier (42%); the NPs did not rank this barrier in their top five. Rural PMH-CNSs perceived a lack of a peer network as a considerable barrier (57%); however, urban PMH-CNSs did not rank this in their top barriers, indicating that rural professional isolation needs to be addressed. These findings indicate that efforts to educate the public and other professionals about advanced practice nursing roles and issues must be a priority, and other barriers such as salary and isolation continue to hamper the role success of PMH-CNSs. PMID:16849261

Chevalier, Connie; Steinberg, Susan; Lindeke, Linda

16

[The Psychiatric Nursing, ABEn and the Scientific Department of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing: progress and challenges].  

PubMed

This study contextualizes the Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health in Brazil, considering the major historic, political and social factors that influence nursing care in this area. Reflections pointed to changes in the paradigm of psychosocial care considering the legal aspects that regulate the actions, progress and challenges experienced in the practice of Psychiatric Nursing in healthcare settings as well as in nursing education. It is essential to train professionals to work in management and assistance in perspective and interdisciplinary care network. The achievements for this specialty rush on a scientific critical and organized politically and who knows answer the reality of professionals. In this view, the Scientific Department of Psychiatric Nursing and Mental Health, created by the Brazilian Association of Nursing was installed as a strategy to bring together and consolidate the work of experts, aiming to achieve the excellence of the Specialized Care in Psychiatry and Mental Health. PMID:24092325

Esperidião, Elizabeth; Silva, Nathália Dos Santos; Caixeta, Camila Cardoso; Rodrigues, Jeferson

2013-09-01

17

Tough Transitions: Mental Health Care Professionals' Perception of the Psychiatric Hospital to School Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Psychiatric reasons are among the most common causes of hospitalization for adolescents. A Consensual Qualitative Research approach was used to explore mental health professionals' perceptions of the needs of adolescents as they transition from psychiatric hospital to school. Academic, social, and emotional domains emerged as important areas of…

Clemens, Elysia V.; Welfare, Laura E.; Williams, Amy M.

2010-01-01

18

Tough Transitions: Mental Health Care Professionals' Perception of the Psychiatric Hospital to School Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychiatric reasons are among the most common causes of hospitalization for adolescents. A Consensual Qualitative Research approach was used to explore mental health professionals' perceptions of the needs of adolescents as they transition from psychiatric hospital to school. Academic, social, and emotional domains emerged as important areas of…

Clemens, Elysia V.; Welfare, Laura E.; Williams, Amy M.

2010-01-01

19

Social networks: A link between psychiatric epidemiology and community mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the concept of social network as a mediating construct linking psychiatric epidemiology and community mental health. A selective review of studies investigating the structural and interactional features of the social networks of psychiatrically impaired persons is presented and the implications of their results are discussed. It is concluded that social networks provide a unifying framework potentially capable

Robert Llamas; E. Mansell Pattison; Gary Hurd

1981-01-01

20

Challenges to HIV prevention in psychiatric settings: perceptions of South African mental health care providers.  

PubMed

Mental health services in South Africa increasingly feel the brunt of the AIDS epidemic. Despite the high prevalence of infection in the psychiatric setting, HIV risk reduction interventions targeting South Africans with psychiatric illness remain few and far between. The attitudes of mental health care providers about sexual relations and HIV among people with mental illness continue to influence the extent to which these issues are addressed in care settings. This study examines these attitudes through the use of a semi-structured interview administered to 46 mental health care providers in four provinces of South Africa. I found that personal, contextual and political factors in the clinic and the hospital create barriers to integrating prevention activities. In particular, providers face at least three challenges to intervening in the epidemic among their patients: their own views of psychiatric illness, the transitions occurring in the mental health care system, and shifting social attitudes toward sexuality. Barriers operate at the individual level, the institutional level, and the societal level. At the individual level providers' perceptions of psychiatric symptoms shape their outlook on intervention with psychiatric patients. At the institutional level disruptive transitions in service delivery relegate HIV services to lesser importance. At the societal level, personal beliefs about sexuality and mental illness have remained slow to change despite major political changes. Minimizing barriers to implementing HIV prevention services requires institutional and health care policies that ensure adequate resources for treating people with mental illness and for staff development and support. PMID:16647793

Collins, Pamela Y

2006-05-02

21

Psychiatric Disorders and Use of Mental Health Services by Ontario Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods: We obtained data from a survey of 3062 Ontario women, aged 25 to 74 years, who participated in the Women's Health Study. A 5-item scale assessed lifetime preva- lence of 5 psychiatric disorders (anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and anorexia (AN) or bulimia (BN)). We assessed use of mental health services by comorbidity. We employed

Sarah Frise; Allan Steingart; Margaret Sloan; Michelle Cotterchio; Nancy Kreiger

2002-01-01

22

"On the spot" interventions by mental health nurses in inpatient psychiatric wards in Greece.  

PubMed

The objective of this research was to explore the "on-the spot" clinical interventions mental health nurses make in critical incidents on inpatient psychiatric wards. Mental health nurses play a key role in the management of psychiatric critical incidents. Nurses' autonomy, decision-making, and training in clinical interventions are important issues in psychiatric nursing practice. A descriptive study was conducted among mental health nurses working on inpatient wards of three major psychiatric hospitals in the greater Athens area, using semi-structured interviews. Nurses' personal views also were documented. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 103 mental health nurses, who were encouraged to make personal remarks. The results of this study show that in the majority of critical incidents, the nurses were found to be in contact with the psychiatrist on call; physical restraints were used frequently in violent episodes; reassurance and support were common interventions; the majority of nurses would have preferred not to intervene with critical incidents; and nurses expressed a need for skills training and higher autonomy. The nurses implemented a specific number of interventions in confronting the various types of crises. The need for specialized training was noticed and problems like accountability, autonomy, and medication administration, were considered crucial by the mental heath nurses. PMID:19437252

Koukia, Evmorfia; Madianos, Michael G; Katostaras, Theofanis

2009-05-01

23

Explanatory models and mental health treatment: is vodou an obstacle to psychiatric treatment in rural Haiti?  

PubMed

Vodou as an explanatory framework for illness has been considered an impediment to biomedical psychiatric treatment in rural Haiti by some scholars and Haitian professionals. According to this perspective, attribution of mental illness to supernatural possession drives individuals to seek care from houngan-s (Vodou priests) and other folk practitioners, rather than physicians, psychologists, or psychiatrists. This study investigates whether explanatory models of mental illness invoking supernatural causation result in care-seeking from folk practitioners and resistance to biomedical treatment. The study comprised 31 semi-structured interviews with community leaders, traditional healers, religious leaders, and biomedical providers, 10 focus group discussions with community members, community health workers, health promoters, community leaders, and church members; and four in-depth case studies of individuals exhibiting mental illness symptoms conducted in Haiti's Central Plateau. Respondents invoked multiple explanatory models for mental illness and expressed willingness to receive treatment from both traditional and biomedical practitioners. Folk practitioners expressed a desire to collaborate with biomedical providers and often referred patients to hospitals. At the same time, respondents perceived the biomedical system as largely ineffective for treating mental health problems. Explanatory models rooted in Vodou ethnopsychology were not primary barriers to pursuing psychiatric treatment. Rather, structural factors including scarcity of treatment resources and lack of psychiatric training among health practitioners created the greatest impediments to biomedical care for mental health concerns in rural Haiti. PMID:22544545

Khoury, Nayla M; Kaiser, Bonnie N; Keys, Hunter M; Brewster, Aimee-Rika T; Kohrt, Brandon A

2012-09-01

24

Effect of the 1983 Mental Health Act on the management of psychiatric patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two principal objectives of the 1983 Mental Health Act were to decrease the use of emergency orders and to give patients on observation orders the right of appeal. Statistics were collected from the 13 hospitals that admit acute psychiatric patients in the Greater Manchester area, and the figures for 1980-1 were compared with those for 1984-5. Changes in use of

L Webster; C Dean; N Kessel

1987-01-01

25

AIDS and family planning counseling of psychiatrically ill women in community mental health clinics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Eighty-two of 83 mental health professionals, including psychiatrists, were surveyed to determine their attitudes and behaviors toward AIDS prevention and family planning counseling with psychiatrically ill female outpatients. Nearly all reported that information should be provided on AIDS and family planning. However, they reported that they had raised topics of AIDS with only 19% of patients and family planning with

John H. Coverdale; John F. Aruffo

1992-01-01

26

Psychiatric Cultures Compared : Psychiatry and Mental Health Care in the Twentieth Century: Comparisons and Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of mental health care in the twentieth century is a relatively uncharted territory. Exemplifying a new emphasis on the comparative approach, this volume offers overviews of various national psychiatric cultures and explores new research subjects. By confronting Dutch psychiatry with developments abroad, this collection highlights interesting contrasts and analogies. Some articles focus on the interaction between asylums and

Marijke Gijswijt-Hofstra; Harry Oosterhuis; Joost Vijselaar; Hugh Freeman

2005-01-01

27

A Comparison of the Practices of Psychiatric Clinical Nurse Specialists and Nurse Practitioners Who Are Certified to Provide Mental Health Care for Children and Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A task force of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association and the International Society of Psychiatric Mental Health Nurses initiated a survey to identify how advanced practice psychiatric nurses were addressing the mental health needs of children and adolescents.OBJECTIVES:Practice patterns of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric—Mental Health Nurses (CACNSs) and Family Psychiatric Nurse Practitioners (FPNPs) were compared. DESIGN:An electronic survey was

Sandra J. Weiss; Sandra Talley

2009-01-01

28

Cultural competence in psychiatric mental health nursing. A conceptual model.  

PubMed

This article presents a conceptual model for enhancing cultural competence in psychiatric nursing. The model, The Culturally Competent Model of Care, views cultural awareness, cultural knowledge, cultural skill, and cultural encounter as critical components of cultural competence. In this dynamic model, cultural competence is viewed as a process, not an end-point in which the psychiatric nurse continuously strives to effectively work within the cultural context of individuals, families, and/or communities from diverse cultural/ethnic backgrounds. The Culturally Competent Model of Care encourages psychiatric nurses to see themselves as always in the process of becoming culturally competent, rather than being culturally competent. PMID:8121813

Campinha-Bacote, J

1994-03-01

29

Immersion experience in undergraduate psychiatric mental health nursing.  

PubMed

Immersion practica have been used in a variety of nursing settings to help prepare culturally competent nursing students. The psychiatric setting represents a diverse culture that traditionally has not appealed to nursing students when considering career options. This article describes the experiences of baccalaureate nursing students and hospital nursing staff following a brief immersion practicum at a psychiatric facility. Seven students were assigned to one practicum for six consecutive weekdays (45 hours), without the distraction of other classes. Both the students and staff rated the experience as positive. The students believed that their ability to form therapeutic relationships, develop clinical skills, and integrate theory into clinical practice was enhanced. While nursing faculty struggle to produce more graduates, with declining clinical sites and increased competition for these sites, the brief clinical immersion may be a reasonable alternative to a traditional rotation. PMID:21627052

Tratnack, Sheri A; O'Neill, Claudia M; Graham, Pat

2011-05-31

30

Geriatric Mental Health Foundation  

MedlinePLUS

... Geriatric Psychiatry to raise awareness of psychiatric and mental health disorders affecting the elderly, eliminate the stigma of mental illness and treatment, promote healthy aging strategies, and ...

31

One day survey by the Mental Health Act Commission of acute adult psychiatric inpatient wards in England and Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractObjectives : To provide (via the Mental Health Act Commission's “national visit”) empirical evidence on ward occupancy levels, use of the Mental Health Act 1983, nurse staffing, and care of female patients on acute adult psychiatric wards.Design : One day survey of a stratified random sample.Settings : 119\\/250 (47%) acute adult psychiatric inpatient units in England and Wales.Subjects : End

Richard Ford; Graham Durcan; Lesley Warner; Pollyanna Hardy; Matt Muijen

1998-01-01

32

Differences in mental health, substance use, and other problems among dual diagnosis patients attending psychiatric or substance misuse treatment services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aims: The study investigates differences in dual diagnosis disorders among patients in psychiatric and in substance use treatment services.Method: The sample (n = 159) comprised patients from four treatment settings: community mental health service, inpatient psychiatric ward, drug treatment service, alcohol treatment service. Patients who screened positive for dual diagnosis received a detailed multi-axial assessment of substance use and mental health problems.Results:

Victoria Manning; Geraldine Strathdee; David Best; Francis Keaney; Kamuldeep Bhui; Michael Gossop

2008-01-01

33

The role of a mental health consumer in the education of postgraduate psychiatric nursing students: the students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent Australian Government policy reflects the integral nature of active consumer par- ticipation to the planning and delivery of mental health services. The effectiveness of con- sumer participation in improving mental health services has received some attention in the literature. Commonwealth Government funding enabled the development of a part- nership between the Centre for Psychiatric Nursing Research and Practice and

B. Happell

2003-01-01

34

Quality and safety graduate competencies in psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner education.  

PubMed

Education of the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP) is undergoing massive change, partially driven by practice requirements and national certification changes, the development of new nurse practitioner competencies, and the development of the graduate quality and safety in nursing (QSEN) competencies. We are in the middle of a paradigm shift of expectations, not only just from these new competencies but also from the context of care and the impact PMHNP graduates will have on policy and health care delivery in the future. In this review article, the authors will discuss the general categories of the graduate QSEN competencies and how they relate to PMHNP education, competency development, and the application to curricular development in PMHNP programs across the United States. Importantly, these changes into PMHNP education, while remaining true to the fundamental tenants of advanced practice psychiatric nursing, prepare the PMHNP to meet the challenges of health care reform and service delivery. PMID:22999030

Weber, Mary; Delaney, Kathleen R; McCoy, Kathleen T; Snow, Diane; Scharf, Margaret Rhoads; Brackley, Margaret H

2012-10-01

35

The influence of personality disorders on the use of mental health services in adolescents with psychiatric disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe aims of this study were to explore the influence of personality disorders (PDs) in Spanish adolescents with Axis I psychiatric disorders on their use of mental health services and to analyze the risk of having a comorbid PD in relation to psychiatric service use.

Ernesto M. Magallón-Neri; Gloria Canalda; J. Eugenio De la Fuente; Maria Forns; Raquel García; Esther González; Josefina Castro-Fornieles

36

Adolescent coping across time: implications for psychiatric mental health nurses.  

PubMed

This article compares rural adolescents' coping responses before and after the behavioral intervention Teaching Kids to Cope with Anger (TKC-A). A quasi-experimental design was used, that included 94 (intervention) and 85 (control) students who were enrolled in three high schools in rural southwestern Pennsylvania. Results showed no statistically significant differences between the intervention and control groups' coping responses following the TKC- A intervention. The majority of youth in this study demonstrated healthy coping skills. In the future, the TKC-A needs to be integrated into the high school curriculum as a health promotion effort that is tailored to adolescents. PMID:19657872

Puskar, Kathryn; Grabiak, Beth R; Bernardo, Lisa Marie; Ren, Dianxu

2009-09-01

37

A decade of published evidence for psychiatric and mental health nursing interventions.  

PubMed

Current psychiatric nursing practice remains grounded in tradition, unsystematic trial and error, and authority. Although some of the wisdom that has been passed down over time is questionable, it continues to influence nursing practice today. This state-of-the-evidence review examined features of intervention studies published between January 2006 and December 2010 in five psychiatric nursing journals; it compared findings with those from a previous study of comparable literature published between 2000 and 2005. The analysis included studies that evaluated strategies, procedures, or practices that promote mental health or prevent mental illness. Of the 553 data-based articles, 71% tested interventions; 54% were conducted in the United States. Intervention studies reflected psychological (38%) social (17%), and biological (1%) dimensions of the biopsychosocial model. Some studies involved two dimensions and 17% included all three dimensions. Studies involved nurses, students, or staff (15%), mentally ill (50%), or mentally healthy persons (35%) ranging in age from childhood through older adulthood. The 10 year review showed continuing progress toward increased dissemination compared to earlier years; less focus on nurses, students, and staff; an increase in international studies; and greater emphasis on holistic interventions. In this article, the authors note a need for more randomized, controlled trials and studies to compare effectiveness across interventions. PMID:23036061

Zauszniewski, Jaclene A; Bekhet, Abir; Haberlein, Sara

2012-08-27

38

Extension of mental health service through psychiatric camps : a new approach.  

PubMed

Psychiatric camps in the manner they are usually conducted serve no useful purpose in the long run, except to identify cases and to increase people's awareness about mental illnesses. The main drawback is poor follow up of the cases detected.To overcome these drawbacks and to make these camps more useful in delivering mental health services to the community, a new approach is being worked out. Screening and selection of the patients for the camp by the local doctors with the help of symptom check-list, a good propaganda well in advance incorporating the cardinal symptoms through mass media, training of the local doctors to gain basic skills and knowledge to manage cases during follow up, periodic visits by the psychiatrists to help these doctors in this job for some time, mental health exhibition during the camp were some of the strategies adopted in Kollegal Neuropsychiatric camp by community psychiatry unit of NIMHANS.It was a three days' camp. 312 cases were registered after screening. Only 6.7% cases were non-psychiatric. 30% epileptics, 30% neurotics, 12% Headache, 9% MR, 9% neurological cases, 5% psychoses. 25 doctors participated in training programme and camp patients were allotted to them for follow up. Monthly follow up is in progress. Findings and experiences are discussed. PMID:21965918

Kapur, R L; Chandrashekar, C R; Shamasundar, C; Isaac, M K; Parthasarathy, R; Shetty, S

1982-07-01

39

What is cyberbullying & how can psychiatric-mental health nurses recognize it?  

PubMed

Cyberbullying is an emerging issue within our society, particularly among adolescents. The phenomenon is similar to traditional bullying in that it is hurtful, repetitive behavior involving a power imbalance, often causing psychosocial issues. With the availability of cell phones, Internet, and video gaming systems, adolescents are constantly plugged into technology and therefore at risk of being a victim or a perpetrator of cyberbullying. Both physical and mental health problems can result from cyberbullying, which, in turn, can affect an adolescent's performance in school and other crucial areas of life. Legal action is an option, but many times the law is not clear. Psychiatric-mental health nurses are in a position to help educate children about resources to prevent or cope with cyberbullying in a way that will help not only the patients themselves but also parents, teachers, school administrators, and the community. PMID:21919428

Williams, Susan G; Godfrey, Alice J

2011-09-16

40

Mental health of asylum seekers: a cross-sectional study of psychiatric disorders  

PubMed Central

Background Asylum procedures are known to be protracted, stretching to over ten years in many host countries. International research shows high levels of distress for asylum seekers. Little is known about actual psychiatric morbidity in this population, especially during the first few years postmigration. Methods The mental health status of two groups of asylum seekers was assessed: Group 1 (n?=?43) had arrived in Switzerland 2.9 (SD 1.1) months prior to assessment, while Group 2 (n?=?43) had arrived 15.5 (SD 3.2) months prior to assessment. Psychiatric disorders were diagnosed using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI). Symptom severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale), anxiety (Hopkins Symptom Checklist), depression (Hopkins Symptom Checklist), and pain (Verbal Rating Scale) were assessed using self-report questionnaires. Postmigratory factors such as German language proficiency and social contacts were also assessed. Interviews were conducted with the assistance of trained interpreters. Results Four out of ten participants met diagnostic criteria for at least one DSM-IV disorder. Groups did not differ with respect to psychiatric morbidity or symptom levels. Major depression (31.4%) and PTSD (23.3%) were diagnosed most frequently. The number of experienced traumatic event types was highly correlated with psychiatric morbidity. Conclusions Psychiatric morbidity in asylum seekers in the first two years after arrival is high, with no indication of a decrease in mental distress over time. Traumatic experiences seem to play a major role in morbidity during this time. Considering the magnitude of clinically relevant distress, a short psychological screening upon arrival with a focus on traumatic experiences may be warranted.

2012-01-01

41

A systematic review of the psychiatric/mental health nursing research literature 1982-1992.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of quantitative psychiatric/mental health nursing research articles published in English between 1982 and 1992, worldwide. Criteria for selection of articles included nurse authorship or co-authorship, use of a quantitative design and pertinence to an aspect of the nursing process with psychiatric/mental health patients. One hundred and ninety-four articles met these criteria. The quality of each article was assessed by two nurse experts using Duffy's Research Appraisal Checklist (RAC). Forty-six point nine per cent of the articles were rated as superior, 50% as average and 3.1% as below average. Other findings identified journals that published research articles, countries in which research was completed, applicability of funding and qualifications of the authors. The major implications of this study are that nurses can be directed to superior articles; more publication of research by nurse authors is warranted, research is being completed with little financial support, highly rated research publications tend to get funding and editorial policies affect the quality of publication. PMID:9325797

Yonge, O; Austin, W; Qiuping, P Z; Wacko, M; Wilson, S; Zaleski, J

1997-06-01

42

Screening for mental health: validity of the MHI-5 using DSM-IV Axis I psychiatric disorders as gold standard  

Microsoft Academic Search

Short screening questionnaires for mental health are useful tools for research and clinical practice, e.g. they could play a major role in detecting patients with psychiatric disorders in primary care. The present study tests the validity of the five-item Mental Health Inventory (MHI-5) screening test using DSM-IV Axis I diagnoses as a gold standard and analyzes its performance in different

Hans-Jürgen Rumpf; Christian Meyer; Ulfert Hapke; Ulrich John

2001-01-01

43

Food Insecurity and Mental Health: A Pilot Study of Patients in a Psychiatric Emergency Unit in Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to examine food insecurity among psychiatric patients and as a concern for mental health practitioners.\\u000a Food security and psychological distress were measured among 113 patients hospitalized in a psychiatric emergency unit. Of\\u000a 113 respondents 67 (59.3%) enjoyed food security and 46 (40.7%) lacked food security. Food insecure respondents showed a higher\\u000a level of psychological

Nimrod Grisaru; Roni Kaufman; Julia Mirsky; Eliezer Witztum

44

Have There Been Changes in Children's Psychiatric Symptoms and Mental Health Service Use? A 10-Year Comparison from Finland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To study the differences in children's psychiatric symptoms and child mental health service use at two time points: 1989 and 1999. Method: Two cross-sectional representative samples of 8- to 9-year-old children from southern Finland were compared. The 1989 sample consisted of 985 children, of whom 95% participated, and the 1999 sample…

Sourander, Andre; Santalahti, Paivi; Haavisto, Antti; Piha, Jorma; Ikaheimo, Kaija; Helenius, Hans

2004-01-01

45

Survivors of Violence-Related Facial Injury: Psychiatric Needs and Barriers to Mental Health Care  

PubMed Central

Objective This study examined mental health needs, receptivity to psychosocial aftercare, and barriers to care among survivors of violence-related facial injuries. Methods Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 25 consecutively treated individuals at a hospital-based specialty outpatient clinic one month after a violence-related facial injury. To participate in the study, patients had to screen positive for an alcohol abuse disorder (AUD), major depression, or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants were questioned about receptivity to an aftercare program and perceived barriers to care. Results Of those screened for study eligibility (N = 62), a substantial proportion met probable criteria for AUD (31%); PTSD (34%); and major depression (35%). Among those completing the core interview (N =25), 80% met probable criteria for two or more psychiatric disorders. The majority (84%) expressed interest in psychosocial aftercare. However, barriers such as cost, insufficient information about counseling and obtaining services, transportation and preferences for self-reliance were commonly endorsed. Conclusions Survivors of violence-related facial injuries have substantial mental health needs and appear receptive to psychosocial aftercare. However, significant treatment barriers must be addressed. Findings underscore the value of a collaborative care model for treating violence-related facial trauma patients seeking care in specialty outpatient oral and maxillofacial clinics.

Wong, Eunice C.; Marshall, Grant N.; Shetty, Vivek; Zhou, Annie; Belzberg, Howard; Yamashita, Dennis-Duke R.

2009-01-01

46

Greek-Cypriot mental health nurses' professional satisfaction and association with mild psychiatric symptoms.  

PubMed

The present descriptive correlational study aims to explore among Greek-Cypriot mental health nurses (MHNs) the level of professional satisfaction, potential differences with regard to vocational characteristics, and associations with anxiety and depressive symptoms. A random sample of 225 Greek-Cypriot MHNs employed in hospital and community settings completed Hamilton's Anxiety Scale, Beck's Depression Inventory, and Stamps's Index of Work Satisfaction. Moderate levels of overall professional satisfaction of 4.38 (±0.58) were detected. Work experience was positively correlated with satisfaction from payment (? = 0.230, P < 0.0001). Men seemed to be more satisfied with organizational policies (P = 0.0043) and performed tasks (P = 0.027) than women. Nurses working in psychiatric clinics of general hospitals experienced higher levels of professional satisfaction in general, and more satisfaction from organizational policies, autonomy, and task requirements than nurses working in community settings, substance misuse programs, and community mental health centres (P = 0.001). Nurses working in acute/admission settings were the less satisfied, compared to nurses working in rehabilitation wards (P = 0.017). Professional satisfaction was associated with anxiety (? = 0.280, P < 0.0001) and depressive (? = 0.246, P < 0.0001) symptoms. Greek-Cypriot MHNs seem to get moderate satisfaction from their work, whilst professional satisfaction is associated with their psychological well-being. Targeted managerial interventions and longitudinal research are warranted. PMID:22897681

Karanikola, Maria N K; Kaite, Charis

2012-08-16

47

Using electronic patient records in mental health care to capture housing and homelessness information of psychiatric consumers.  

PubMed

Homelessness among people with psychiatric illness is at an all time high. Many explanations for this phenomenon exist, including the incidence of discharge from inpatient hospital directly into the streets or shelter system. With little known about this unseen social issue afflicting many mental health consumers, this manuscript provides recommendations for using electronic patient records (EPR) as a conduit to capture housing and homelessness related information. With the increased use of EPRs in the Canadian health care system, the research and clinical benefits of this technology have only recently begun to be realized in mental health care. PMID:17050339

Booth, Richard G

2006-12-01

48

Pedagogy, power and practice ethics: clinical teaching in psychiatric/mental health settings.  

PubMed

Often, baccalaureate nursing students initially approach a psychiatric mental health practicum with uncertainty, and even fear. They may feel unprepared for the myriad complex practice situations encountered. In addition, memories of personal painful life events may be vicariously evoked through learning about and listening to the experiences of those diagnosed with mental disorders. When faced with such challenging situations, nursing students often seek counsel from the clinical and/or classroom faculty. Pedagogic boundaries may begin to blur in the face of student distress. For the nurse educator, several questions arise: Should a nurse educator provide counseling to students? How does one best negotiate the boundaries between 'counselor', and 'caring educator'? What are the limits of a caring and professional pedagogic relation? What different knowledges provide guidance and to what differential consequences for ethical pedagogic relationships? This paper offers a comparative analysis of three philosophical stances to examine differences in key assumptions, pedagogic positioning, relationships of power/knowledge, and consequences for professional ethical pedagogic practices. While definitive answers are difficult, the authors pose several questions for consideration in discerning how best to proceed and under what particular conditions. PMID:17718751

Ewashen, Carol; Lane, Annette

2007-09-01

49

Widening the Psychiatric gaze: reflections on PsychoDoctor, depression, and recent transitions in japanese mental health care.  

PubMed

Japan has one of the world's highest rates of psychiatric institutionalization, and popular images of mental health care and public attitudes toward mental illness there have been stigmatized for decades. However, there are transitions underway that are reshaping the mental health care landscape as well as affecting public representations of mental illness. Those transitions include attempts to promote community-based care, move away from long-term hospitalization, reduce stigma, increase utilization of services, and bring clinical psychological services under the national health insurance umbrella. This article discusses one cultural representation in which those transitions are brought into relief: a 2002 television series entitled PsychoDoctor that portrayed the clinical practice of a psychiatrist. The article analyzes the messages inherent in the series about the nature of mental illness, the everyday-ness of sufferers, and the expanded repertoire of treatments now available. In so doing, the article suggests that the efforts of progressive clinicians, pharmaceutical companies, and mental health activists to put forth new images of mental illness and mental health care are now having a degree of success in the arena of popular culture. PMID:20688796

Vickery, Ken

2010-07-01

50

[Mental capacity of psychiatric patients].  

PubMed

Nearly every society maintains legal norms that define those members of society qualified to participate in social affairs. Mental capacity and legal competence are deemed necessary conditions for legal actions to have legal validity. On Nov. 23, 2009, newly revised adult guardianship provisions came into effect in Taiwan. However, there has been lack of discussion with regard to how assessments of mental capacity and legal competence should be conducted on psychiatric patients. This paper reviewed relevant overseas literature on this subject and followed common practice in separating legal mental capacity into causal and functional components. The causal component predicates the diseases and illnesses that render the disability, while the functional component represents legally substantial impairments in terms of cognition, emotion and behavior. The paper explored functional component contents, including finance management, individual health care, independence in daily life, interpersonal relationships and communing. Findings pointed out that in setting up competence standards, a trade-off between respect for autonomy and beneficence is unavoidable. As Taiwan does not have rich empirical data on competence assessments and decisions, collaboration between the legal and psychiatric professions is recommended to engage in relevant research to enhance legal consistencies and the science of competence assessment. PMID:21140338

Wu, Kevin Chien-Chang

2010-12-01

51

Community Mental Health Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community Psychiatric Practice is a special section within Community Mental Health Journal devoted to issues relating to psychiatrists who practice in community mental health centers and similar settings. The intent of the section is to stimulate interaction and involve community psychiatrists and other community mental health professionals in a dialogue analogous to the collaborative situation in the community men- tal

Robert E. Drake

2001-01-01

52

The veterans administration and community mental health: New approaches in psychiatric rehabilitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The large government mental institution must become increasingly integrated with local community mental health programs. The Veterans Administration Hospital, Palo Alto, California, provides an example of how one such institution involves its programs with the community. The traditional hospital-based sheltered workshop, when operated as a nonprofit corporation, is especially well suited to the employment of mental patients in workshop-owned enterprises

Joseph M. McDonough

1969-01-01

53

Mental Health Care in Italy: Organisational Structure, Routine Clinical Activity and Costs of a Community Psychiatric Service in Lombardy Region  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Magenta Community Mental Health Centre (CMHC) is the public agency responsible for providing adult psychiatric care to about 85,000 adult residents. In 1995, it had 1,145 clients and incurred costs of Euro 1.9 millions. Average cost per patient and per adult resident were Euro 1,661 and Euro 22.2, respectively. These values mask large variation across diagnosis: while patients with

Giovanni Fattore; Mauro Percudani; Carla Pugnoli; Agostino Contini; Jennifer Beecham

2000-01-01

54

An Analysis of Canadian Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing through the Junctures of History, Gender, Nursing Education, and Quality of Work Life in Ontario, Manitoba, Alberta, and Saskatchewan.  

PubMed

A society that values mental health and helps people live enjoyable and meaningful lives is a clear aspiration echoed throughout our Canadian health care system. The Mental Health Commission of Canada has put forth a framework for a mental health strategy with goals that reflect the virtue of optimal mental health for all Canadians (Mental Health Commission Canada, 2009). Canadian nurses, the largest group of health care workers, have a vital role in achieving these goals. In Canada, two-thirds of those who experience mental health problems do not receive mental health services (Statistics Canada, 2003). Through a gendered, critical, and sociological perspective the goal of this paper is to further understand how the past has shaped the present state of psychiatric mental health nursing (PMHN). This integrative literature review offers a depiction of Canadian PMHN in light of the intersections of history, gender, education, and quality of nursing work life. Fourteen articles were selected, which provide a partial reflection of contemporary Canadian PMHN. Findings include the association between gender and professional status, inconsistencies in psychiatric nursing education, and the limitations for Canadian nurse practitioners to advance the role of the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. PMID:23710367

Smith, Mary; Khanlou, Nazilla

2013-04-28

55

An Analysis of Canadian Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing through the Junctures of History, Gender, Nursing Education, and Quality of Work Life in Ontario, Manitoba, Alberta, and Saskatchewan  

PubMed Central

A society that values mental health and helps people live enjoyable and meaningful lives is a clear aspiration echoed throughout our Canadian health care system. The Mental Health Commission of Canada has put forth a framework for a mental health strategy with goals that reflect the virtue of optimal mental health for all Canadians (Mental Health Commission Canada, 2009). Canadian nurses, the largest group of health care workers, have a vital role in achieving these goals. In Canada, two-thirds of those who experience mental health problems do not receive mental health services (Statistics Canada, 2003). Through a gendered, critical, and sociological perspective the goal of this paper is to further understand how the past has shaped the present state of psychiatric mental health nursing (PMHN). This integrative literature review offers a depiction of Canadian PMHN in light of the intersections of history, gender, education, and quality of nursing work life. Fourteen articles were selected, which provide a partial reflection of contemporary Canadian PMHN. Findings include the association between gender and professional status, inconsistencies in psychiatric nursing education, and the limitations for Canadian nurse practitioners to advance the role of the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner.

2013-01-01

56

Accommodation and resistance to the dominant cultural discourse on psychiatric mental health: oral history accounts of family members.  

PubMed

Oral history makes a critical contribution in articulating the perspectives of people often overlooked in histories written from the standpoint of dominating class, gender, ethnic or professional groups. Using three interrelated approaches - life stories, oral history, and narrative analysis - this paper analyzes family responses to psychiatric care and mental illness in oral history interviews with family members who experienced mental illness themselves or within their family between 1930 and 1975. Interviews with three family members in Alberta, Canada are the primary focus. These stories provide an important avenue to understand the meaning and transformations of mental health-care from the point of view of families. Family members' stories reveal contradictory responses to the dominant cultural discourse. Using a performative framework of interpretation, the narratives reveal a complex interplay between medical, social and cultural conceptions of mental illness, deepening our understanding of its meaning. The history of mental health-care can be substantially enriched by the analysis of family members' stories, not only revealing the constructed nature of mental illness, but also illustrating the family as a mediating context in which the meaning of mental illness is negotiated. PMID:18028147

Boschma, Geertje

2007-12-01

57

Success of mental health referral among pregnant and postpartum women with psychiatric distress  

PubMed Central

Objective This study measured rates of and determined factors associated with mental health service use among a cohort of 465 pregnant and postpartum women receiving care at publicly funded obstetrical clinics. Methods Women underwent a diagnostic evaluation, were provided with at least one mental health referral, and were encouraged to seek treatment; follow-up with provision of additional referrals occurred at 1, 3, and 6 months after the initial assessment. Logistic regression was used to estimate the relationship between clinical and psychosocial factors and self-reported mental health service use. Results 38.1% of referred women attended at least one mental health visit while only 6% of women remained in treatment during the entire 6-month follow-up interval. Postpartum women were more likely than pregnant women to attend a mental health treatment visit (O.R. = 4.17). Being born in the United States (O.R = 2.06), exposed to interpersonal violence (O.R. = 2.52), and unemployed (O.R. = 2.69) were associated with attending at least one mental health care visit. Women who received a behavioral health referral to the same site as their prenatal or postpartum care were more likely than those women referred offsite to attend a mental health treatment visit (O.R. = 3.23). Conclusions Despite active follow-up, rates of accessing and particularly continuing in mental health treatment were low. More work is needed to support the integration of specialty behavioral health services in primary care settings accessed by perinatal women.

Smith, Megan V.; Howell, Heather; Wang, Hong; Poschman, Karalee; Yonkers, Kimberly A.

2010-01-01

58

Tobacco use and cessation in psychiatric disorders: National Institute of Mental Health report  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) convened a meeting in September 2005 to review tobacco use and dependence and smoking cessation among those with mental disorders, especially individuals with anxiety disorders, depression, or schizophrenia. Smoking rates are exceptionally high among these individuals and contribute to the high rates of medical morbidity and mortality in these individuals. Numerous biological, psychological,

Douglas M. Ziedonis; Brian Hitsman; Jean C. Beckham; Michael Zvolensky; Lawrence E. Adler; Janet Audrain-McGovern; Naomi Breslau; Richard A. Brown; Tony P. George; Jill Williams; Patrick S. Calhoun; William T. Riley

2008-01-01

59

Follow-Up Study of Female Delinquent Adolescents in a Detention Centre: Effectiveness of Psychiatric Intervention as a Mental Health Service  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Results of previous studies suggest that many female offenders have co-morbid psychiatric disorders, which require mental health services. However, few longitudinal studies examined subjects during incarceration or detention. This study compares depressive symptoms, abnormal eating behaviour and impulsivity before release from a detention centre and after incarceration, thereby indicating the effectiveness of psychiatric intervention in a Japanese detention centre.Method:

Michio Ariga; Toru Uehara; Kazuo Takeuchi; Yoko Ishige; Reiko Nakano; Masahiko Mikuni

2010-01-01

60

Navy Mental Health Information System (NAMHIS): A Psychiatric Application of COSTAR*  

PubMed Central

The Navy Mental Health Information System, NAMHIS, is a comprehensive, automated recordkeeping and reporting system designed to meet the needs of clinicians and administrators in Outpatient Navy Mental Health Clinics. The public domain version of the Computer Stored Ambulatory Record, COSTAR, was extensively modified to fulfill the software requirements of NAMHIS and covers the five system functions: Patient Registration, Encounter Data, Patient History, Mental Status Examination and Reporting capability. Data collection forms have been developed, along with standardized reports of individual patient/clinician consultations.

Congleton, Michael W.; Glogower, Frederic D.; Ramsey-Klee, Diane M.; Roberts, Anton S.

1984-01-01

61

Mental health weapons prohibition: demographic and psychiatric factors in petitions for relief.  

PubMed

Federal law and most states prohibit possession of firearms by individuals with a history of certain psychiatric diagnoses and/or treatment. In California, an involuntary 72-h hold can trigger a 5-year ban on firearm possession. Individuals so prohibited may petition for early termination of the ban. We report on the demographic and psychiatric characteristics of a sample of individuals petitioning for early relief in Los Angeles County, and on the results of their petitions. The majority of petitioners were Caucasian men over age 40. Sixteen percent of petitioners were employed in law enforcement or armed security, and all of their petitions were granted. Individuals for whom there was greater evidence of mental disorder were significantly less likely to petition successfully. The results are discussed in terms of the benefits of involving a forensic expert in the petition process, which is not presently required under California law. PMID:18503522

Simpson, Joseph R; Sharma, Kaushal K

2008-07-01

62

Psychiatric home health nursing: A new role in community mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychiatric care provided in the home setting has been described in the literature for chronic schizophrenia (Pai & Nagarajaiah, 1982), crisis intervention with chronic clients presenting with dangerous behavior {Hatch & Sr 1980; West, Litwok, Oberlander & Martin, 1980; Soreff, 1985), intervention with the elderly (Hirschfeld, 1983; Wasson, Ripeckyj, Lazarus, Kupferer, Barry, & Force, 1984), and the provision of primary

Fern Richie; Karen Lusky

1987-01-01

63

The register of "complaint": psychiatric diagnosis and the discourse of grievance in the south Indian mental health encounter.  

PubMed

In the language of the medical file, "complaint" refers to the symptoms and ailments reported by the patient. In this article, I draw on ethnographic fieldwork conducted between 2004 and 2007 in the mental healthcare setting in South India to argue that the typology of "complaint" and the dialogic exchanges involved in its production mark a far wider catchment area for the allegations and grievances that circulate between patient, kin, clinician, and observing anthropologist. I propose the notion of the register of complaint as a hermeneutic for grappling with the emotionally charged, interactional processes of accusation, arbitration, and reportage that drive clinical modes of inquiry and evaluation in the South Indian mental health encounter. Ethnographic case studies suggest that grievance and accusation command both a vital directive force and evidentiary role in the social, moral, and emotional work of psychiatric diagnosis. [complaint, diagnosis, kinship and family, emotion, PMID:22905438

Chua, Jocelyn Lim

2012-06-01

64

Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

Mental health includes our emotional, psychological, and social well-being. It affects how we think, feel and act as ... stress, relate to others, and make choices. Mental health is important at every stage of life, from ...

65

Mental health care and the politics of inclusion: A social systems account of psychiatric deinstitutionalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an interpretation, based on the social systems theory of German sociologist Niklas Luhmann, of the recent\\u000a paradigmatic shift of mental health care from an asylum-based model to a community-oriented network of services. The observed\\u000a shift is described as the development of psychiatry as a function system of modern society and whose operative goal has moved\\u000a from the

Enric J. Novella

2010-01-01

66

What do Nurses do When they Taketo the Streets? An Analysis ofPsychiatric and Mental Health Nursing Interventions in theCommunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little research can be found on nursing practice for populations needing non-traditional mental health care. A descriptive study was done with the nurses on the Community Link Service (CLS), an intensive psychiatric community follow-up program, to identify nursing interventions and the types of situations encountered. These nurses use the guiding principles of two current treatment modalities, Assertive Community Treatment and

Thérèse Wallace; Shelley O’Connell; Sara R. Frisch

2005-01-01

67

Prognosis after Adolescent Suicide Attempt: Mental Health, Psychiatric Treatment, and Suicide Attempts in a Nine-Year Follow-Up Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The prevalence of mental health and suicidal behavior was examined 8 to 10 years after an adolescent suicide attempt. Of 71 persons, 79% had at least one psychiatric disorder (mean 1.7) at follow-up, most commonly depression (46%), personality disorder (46%), and anxiety disorder (42%). The stability of diagnoses was moderate. The suicide…

Groholt, Berit; Ekeberg, Oivind

2009-01-01

68

Motivations of Persons with Psychiatric Disabilities to Work in Mental Health Peer Services: A Qualitative Study Using Self-Determination Theory.  

PubMed

Introduction Individuals with psychiatric disabilities have low rates of employment and occupational rehabilitation success. Mental health peer services are a new occupational modality that opened a promising occupational path: persons with serious mental illnesses employed to provide support to others with psychiatric conditions. However challenges to successful peer work exist. Work motivation is central to understanding and supporting peer workers, yet little is known about sources of motivation to work as mental health peer providers. The aim of this study was to identify what drives individuals to mental health peer work using self determination theory (SDT). Methods Motivations of 31 mental health peer workers were explored as part of a larger study. A theory driven approach was employed to emerging qualitative data using SDT concepts: external motivation and internally regulated motivations derived from basic needs (autonomy, competence, relatedness). Results External motivations included generic occupational goals and getting away from negative work experiences. Internal motivations corresponded with SDT basic needs: autonomy met-needs was reflected in having freedom to disclose and finding that work accords with personal values; competence met-needs was reflected in using personal experience as a resource to help others; and relatedness met-needs were reflected in having opportunity to connect intimately and reciprocate with consumers. Conclusion This study identified external and internal motivations of persons with psychiatric disabilities to work as peer providers-a novel occupation in mental health. Employing personal experience and enabling peer contact emerge as major motivational tenets of mental health peer work. According to SDT instrumental occupational goals are considered more external than satisfaction of basic psychological needs. The study demonstrates the applicability of SDT in the design of autonomy supported environments to promote work engagement and sustenance of mental health peer providers. PMID:23576121

Moran, Galia Sharon; Russinova, Zlatka; Yim, Jung Yeon; Sprague, Catherine

2013-04-11

69

Adolescent Mental Health Facts  

MedlinePLUS

... Mental Health Adolescent Health Topics Mental Health States Adolescent Mental Health Facts Click a state below to ... Care Positive Mental Health: Resilience In the States Adolescent Health Topics Reproductive Health Mental Health Physical Health ...

70

Living with psychiatric patients: Implications for the mental health of family members  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current treatment policy has resulted in large numbers of ex-hospitalized psychiatric patients residing with family members in the community. However, little is known about the emotional consequences for family members. This paper focusses on the relationship between level of chronic strain, as indexed by 'objective' and 'subjective' family burden, and extent of psychological distress among family members of ex-hospitalized psychiatric

Samuel Noh; R. Jay Turner

1987-01-01

71

Migration background and juvenile mental health: a descriptive retrospective analysis of diagnostic rates of psychiatric disorders in young people  

PubMed Central

Introduction This article presents diagnostic rates for specific mental disorders in a German pediatric inpatient population over a period of 20 years with respect to migration background and socioeconomic status (SES). Methods Diagnostic data were obtained over a period of 20 years from 8,904 patients who visited a child and adolescent psychiatry mental health service in Germany. Data from 5,985 diagnosed patients (ICD-9 and ICD-10 criteria) were included with respect to gender, migration background, and SES. Results Migration- and gender-specific effects were found for both periods of assessment. The group of boys with a migration background showed significantly higher rates of reactions to severe stress, adjustment disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder compared to their male, non-migrant counterparts. Conversely, boys without a migration background showed a significantly higher percentage rate of hyperkinetic disorders than male migrants. Similar results were found for female migrants in the latter assessment period (ICD-10). In addition, female migrants showed lower rates of emotional disorders whose onset occurs in childhood compared to their non-migrant counterparts. Conclusions Data from this investigation provide preliminary evidence that the prevalence of various psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents is influenced by migration background and SES.

Gaber, Tilman Jakob; Bouyrakhen, Samira; Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate; Hagenah, Ulrich; Holtmann, Martin; Freitag, Christine Margarete; Wockel, Lars; Poustka, Fritz; Zepf, Florian Daniel

2013-01-01

72

Mortality among psychiatric patients referred to the mental health services in Valencia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rate of survival and causes of mortality in a cohort of 2103 psychiatric patients registered on a psychiatric case register\\u000a and followed up for 7 years are compared with those of a general population sample (n?=?2382) randomly extracted from the municipal census in Valencia (Spain). Using multivariate analysis by Cox regression,\\u000a patients suffering organic psychoses and those diagnosed with

J. Salazar-Fraile; M. Gómez-Beneyto; S. Pérez-Hoyos; I. Hurtado-Navarro

1998-01-01

73

Distributing Mental Health Care Resources: Strategic Implications from The National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This paper considers mental health services resource distribution under the Australian second national mental health plan, with its direction to mental health services to be more inclusive of people with higher prevalence psychiatric disorders. We consider inequalities in mental health in Australia, and describe the performance of the composite census variable employed in the Victorian mental health funding distribution

Graham Meadows; Philip Burgess; Irene Bobevski

2002-01-01

74

Differential impact of trait impulsivity and psychiatrically impulsive behaviors on mental health outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trait of impulsivity and the overt behaviors used to define this trait are the source of much confusion in psychological and psychiatric literature. The relationship between impulsive behaviors such as alcohol use, drug use, binge eating, violent behavior and suicidal behavior and the trait of impulsivity lacks strong empirical support. Nevertheless, clinical practice and research typically equate the two

Susan Lee Gertler

1997-01-01

75

TWELVE-MONTH TREATMENT OF PSYCHIATRIC DISORDERS IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN STRESS AND HEALTH SURVEY (WORLD MENTAL HEALTH SURVEY INITIATIVE)  

PubMed Central

Background The proportion of people with mental disorders in treatment is relatively small in low and middle income countries. However, little is known about patterns of recent service use in a country like South Africa. Methods A nationally representative household survey of 4351 adult South Africans was carried out. Twelve-month DSM-IV disorders were determined using the WHO Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). Prevalence and correlates of treatment were assessed among respondents with anxiety, mood and substance use disorders. Results One-fourth (25.5%) of respondents with a 12-month disorder had received treatment in the past 12 months either from a psychiatrist (3.8%), nonpsychiatrist mental health specialist (2.9%), general medical provider (16.6%), human services provider (6.6%), or complementary-alternative medical (CAM) provider (5.9%). Only 27.6% of severe cases had received any treatment. In addition, 13.4% of respondents with no disorder had accessed services in the past year. Blacks were significantly more likely than other racial groups to access the CAM sector while Whites were more likely to have seen a psychiatrist. Conclusions The majority of South Africans with a 12-month mental disorder have unmet treatment needs. In addition to a greater allocation of resources to mental health services, more community outreach and awareness initiatives are needed.

Seedat, S; Stein, DJ; Herman, A; Kessler, R; Sonnega, J; Heeringa, S; Williams, S; Williams, D

2011-01-01

76

How are caseload and service utilisation of psychiatric services influenced by distance? A geographical approach to the study of community-based mental health services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  The aim of this study was to assess how the caseload and the utilisation of community-based mental health services is influenced\\u000a by distance and to socioeconomic characteristics.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Spatial and statistical analyses were conducted with a sample of 12,347 patients, with ICD-10 psychiatric diagnosis, who had\\u000a at least one contact with psychiatric services in Verona, Italy, between 2000 and 2006. Three

Grazia Zulian; Valeria Donisi; Giacomo Secco; Riccardo Pertile; Michele Tansella; Francesco Amaddeo

77

Measuring agency investment in community mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports a study of the extent to which essential elements of community mental health are part of mental health agencies' practices. A sample of 263 social workers reported on the nature of programming and services of 19 mental health facilities ranging from city and state community mental health centers to inpatient psychiatric hospitals. All agencies were found to

Stephen Z. Cohen; William J. Reid; Lawrence K. Berg

1975-01-01

78

Routine outcome monitoring in clinical practice: service and non-service costs of psychiatric patients attending a Community Mental Health Centre in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. – This study estimated service and non-service costs in a random sample of patients attending a community psychiatric mental health centre in Italy.Methods. – A randomly selected sample of patients identified during 1 week of routine clinical activity was enrolled. Information was collected using the Italian-language checklist Questionario Economico per l’attività clinica dei Servizi Psichiatrici (QESP). Costs were classified in

Mauro Percudani; Corrado Barbui; Jennifer Beecham; Martin Knapp

2004-01-01

79

Randomised controlled trial of a psychiatric consultation model for treatment of common mental disorder in the occupational health setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Common mental disorders are the most prevalent of all mental disorders, with the highest burden in terms of work absenteeism and utilization of health care services. Evidence-based treatments are available, but recognition and treatment could be improved, especially in the occupational health setting. The situation in this setting has recently changed in the Netherlands because of new legislation, which

Christina M van der Feltz-Cornelis; Jolanda AC Meeuwissen; Fransina J de Jong; Rob Hoedeman; Iman Elfeddali

2007-01-01

80

The crisis intervention team: a revolutionary tool for law enforcement: the psychiatric-mental health nursing perspective.  

PubMed

Effective management of people who are in mental health crisis in the community has gained national concern from the standpoint of law enforcement. This article addresses a revolutionary concept known as the Crisis Intervention Team, which teaches law enforcement personnel how to safely approach and de-escalate people who are experiencing a mental health crisis and get them safely to treatment. PMID:22007851

Ellis, Horace A

2011-10-19

81

Information infrastructure for inter-organizational mental health services: An actor network theory analysis of psychiatric rehabilitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the supply of mental health services to communities, data and information are managed not only by clinical organizations, but also by welfare state agencies and charities. The aim of this study is to use methods of analysis from actor network theory to identify organizational interventions necessary for the development of an information infrastructure for inter-organizational mental health services. Data

Toomas Timpka; Magnus Bång; Tom Delbanco; Janet Walker

2007-01-01

82

PTSD in Psychiatric Nurses and Other Mental Health Providers: A Review of the Literature.  

PubMed

Psychiatric nurses are subject to a high rate of assault by patients. The stress of exposure to assault and the potential for assault appear to impact nurses' emotional states in the form of post-traumatic stress and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Most studies report a prevalence rate of PTSD in this population of between 9-10%. Training in the management of aggressive patients, participating in Critical Incident Debriefing, and having routine structured debriefing meetings may play a role in facilitating the development of resilience in nurses with respect to the risk of PTSD. Knowledge about the state of the science regarding aggression and PTSD is necessary for clinicians and researchers to develop and test effective strategies. This article presents a review of the current literature on this topic. PMID:24131410

Jacobowitz, William

2013-11-01

83

Re-establishing psychodynamic theory as foundational knowledge for psychiatric/mental health nursing.  

PubMed

Psychiatric nursing care is based on an interpersonal process that relies on the therapeutic use of self in the service of patient care. Despite acknowledgment of the importance of the relationship, there has been little attention paid to the knowledge embedded in psychodynamic theory that can provide a basis for understanding the nurse-patient relationship. This paper argues that nurses need to understand and apply such theory if they are to pursue the assertion that the relationship with the patient is the foundation of their practice. The authors discuss the essential components of psychodynamic theory and their application to nursing as well as the possible reasons for the loss of interest in such theory. PMID:12554429

Gallop, Ruth; O'Brien, Louise

2003-03-01

84

Innovative teaching strategy for pharmacology in psychiatric-mental health nursing: moving from content to concepts.  

PubMed

Faculty teaching an undergraduate psychiatricmental health nursing course noted that the vast content related to psychotropic medication interventions needed to be conceptualized creatively to help students develop expertise. In this article, an innovative pedagogical approach is presented for teaching nursing students psychopharmacology by moving from content to concepts. PMID:23457714

Bonnivier, Joy F; Magoteaux, April L

2012-12-01

85

Pattern of psychiatric illnesses among long-stay patients at Mental Health Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia: a 10-year retrospective study.  

PubMed

To identify the pattern and determinants of psychiatric illness and the predictors of long stay among long-stay patients at the Mental Health Hospital, Taif, Saudi Arabia, we examined a total of 430 records of patients who had been admitted during the period January 1999-January 2009 and had stayed for > 9 months. More than half these patients had a history of drug addiction (60.7%). The majority were diagnosed with schizophrenia (88.8%) and mental retardation was reported in 17.7%. Personality disorders and epilepsy were diagnosed in 3.7% and 1.9% of the participants respectively. The mean duration of hospital stay was 6.16 (standard deviation 2.32; range 1-10) years. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that patients diagnosed with schizophrenia accompanied by mental retardation, those with lower education levels, and those with a history of co-morbid chronic diseases stayed for more than 2 years. PMID:23520904

Al-Zahrani, H; Al-Qarni, A; Abdel-Fattah, M

2013-01-01

86

Use of Inpatient Psychiatric Services by Children and Youth under Age 18, United States, 1980. Mental Health Statistical Note No. 175.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The report examines data from three sample surveys of admissions during 1980 to the inpatient psychiatric services of state and mental hospitals and private psychiatric hospitals and the separate inpatient psychiatric services of non-federal general hospitals. Findings revealed that an estimated 81,532 persons under 18 years were admitted to…

Milazzo-Sayre, Laura J.; And Others

87

Use of Inpatient Psychiatric Services by Children and Youth under Age 18, United States, 1980. Mental Health Statistical Note No. 175.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The report examines data from three sample surveys of admissions during 1980 to the inpatient psychiatric services of state and mental hospitals and private psychiatric hospitals and the separate inpatient psychiatric services of non-federal general hospitals. Findings revealed that an estimated 81,532 persons under 18 years were admitted to…

Milazzo-Sayre, Laura J.; And Others

88

Mental Health Needs of the Chronically Mentally Ill Elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

The treatment histories and current social, financial, and clinical status of 111 chronically mentally ill (CMI) persons over the age of 60 were examined. Information was obtained from Ss, family, mental health records, and mental health professionals familiar with Ss. Psychiatric symptoms were observed in 74% of Ss. Many Ss experienced long periods without acute episodes of illness. Recurring episodes

Suzanne Meeks; Laura L. Carstensen; Philip B. Stafford; Laura L. Brenner; Frank Weathers; Rhonda Welch; Thomas F. Oltmanns

1990-01-01

89

Florida Mental Health Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Florida Mental Health Institute, dedicated to research, training and program development for improving psychological wellbeing, has four main divisions: Aging and Mental Health, Child and Family Studies, Community Mental Health, and Mental Health Law and Policy.

90

The Quality of VA Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines whether male and female veterans differ on either subjective or objective measures of the quality of VA mental health care. The study sample were all discharged with a psychiatric diagnosis from a VA inpatient mental health program. Results indicate that women were less satisfied with inpatient care, but were mixed on their satisfaction with overall mental health

Rani A. Hoff; Robert A. Rosenheck; Mark Materko; Nancy J. Wilson

1998-01-01

91

SOCIAL ROLE VALORIZATION IN COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH HOUSING: DOES IT CONTRIBUTE TO THE COMMUNITY INTEGRATION AND LIFE SATISFACTION OF PEOPLE WITH PSYCHIATRIC DISABILITIES?  

PubMed Central

Despite its importance as a theory in the development of programs for populations with disabilities, social role valorization (SRV) has received relatively little attention in community mental health research. We present findings of a study that examined the relationship of housing-related SRV to community integration and global life satisfaction of persons with psychiatric disabilities. The housing environments and associated supports of a group of 73 persons with psychiatric disabilities living in a mid-sized city were assessed using the PASSING rating system on the extent that their housing environments facilitated SRV. In addition, in-person interviews were conducted to determine the levels of physical integration, psychological integration, social integration, and life satisfaction of study participants. Results showed SRV contributing directly to all three types of community integration. Psychological integration was found to mediate the relationship between SRV and life satisfaction. Implications of the findings are discussed. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Aubry, Tim; Flynn, Robert J; Virley, Barb; Neri, Jaclynne

2013-01-01

92

WAR & Military Mental Health  

PubMed Central

Involvement in warfare can have dramatic consequences for the mental health and well-being of military personnel. During the 20th century, US military psychiatrists tried to deal with these consequences while contributing to the military goal of preserving manpower and reducing the debilitating impact of psychiatric syndromes by implementing screening programs to detect factors that predispose individuals to mental disorders, providing early intervention strategies for acute war-related syndromes, and treating long-term psychiatric disability after deployment. The success of screening has proven disappointing, the effects of treatment near the front lines are unclear, and the results of treatment for chronic postwar syndromes are mixed. After the Persian Gulf War, a number of military physicians made innovative proposals for a population-based approach, anchored in primary care instead of specialty-based care. This approach appears to hold the most promise for the future.

Pols, Hans; Oak, Stephanie

2007-01-01

93

Atheism and mental health.  

PubMed

The exploration of the impact of religiosity on mental health is an enduring, if somewhat quiet, tradition. There has been virtually no exploration, however, of the influence of atheism on mental health. Though not a "religion," atheism can be an orienting worldview that is often consciously chosen by its adherents, who firmly believe in the "truth" of atheism-a phenomenon known as "positive atheism." Atheism, especially positive atheism, is currently enjoying something of a renaissance in the Western liberal democracies-a trend often referred to as the "new atheism." I argue that atheism, especially positive atheism, should be treated as a meaningful sociocultural variable in the study of mental health. I argue that atheism (just like theism) is an appropriate domain of study for social and cultural psychiatrists (and allied social scientists) interested in exploring socio-environmental stressors and buffers relating to mental health. Specifically, I argue that (1) atheism needs to be accurately measured as an individual-level exposure variable, with the aim of relating that variable to psychiatric outcomes, (2) there needs to be greater systematic investigation into the influence of atheism on psychiatry as an institution, and (3) the relation of atheism to mental health needs to be explored by examining atheistic theory and its practical application, especially as it relates to the human condition, suffering, and concepts of personhood. PMID:20415634

Whitley, Rob

94

Quality of Publicly-Funded Outpatient Specialty Mental Health Care for Common Childhood Psychiatric Disorders in California.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To describe the documented adherence to quality indicators for the outpatient care of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, and major depression for children in public mental health clinics and to explore how adherence varies by child and clinic characteristics. Method: A statewide, longitudinal cohort study of…

Zima, Bonnie T.; Hurlburt, Michael S.; Knapp, Penny; Ladd, Heather; Tang, Lingqi; Duan, Naihua; Wallace, Peggy; Rosenblatt, Abram; Landsverk, John; Wells, Kenneth B.

2005-01-01

95

Mental health in men.  

PubMed

Mental and physical health are intrinsically linked to a person's ability to maintain good physical health determined, in part, by his or her mental wellbeing. Similarly, poor physical health can lead to mental health problems. PMID:24063488

Morrow, Abby

2013-09-25

96

Police responses for mental health assistance  

Microsoft Academic Search

The police have become one of the primary referral agencies for psychiatric assistance in the community. They utilize certain factors that determine the decisions affecting case disposition for every mental health assistance call they receive. This study of a police department's mental health responses for the year 1985 attempts to analyze the police officers' placement decisions for the mentally ill

Mark R. Pogrebin

1986-01-01

97

Teen Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... worthless could be warning signs of a mental health problem. Mental health problems are real, painful, and sometimes severe. You ... things that could harm you or others Mental health problems can be treated. To find help, talk ...

98

Attitudes toward mental health professionals in a hospital-based community mental health center  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the attitudes of several diverse subject groups in a large medical center toward various mental health professionals. The groups consisted of: 1) general hospital staff; 2) professional mental health workers; and 3) psychiatric in-patients. Subjects evaluated a selection of 11 professional health related role titles (clinical psychologist, physician, psychiatrist, etc.) and the categories “me” and “mental patient”

John McGuire; Thomas Borowy; Irving Kolin

1986-01-01

99

The Role of a Psychiatric Pharmacist in College Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Published evidence indicates there is a growing prevalence of psychiatric illnesses on college campuses, and that approximately one quarter of students may be taking psychotropic medications. But attracting and retaining experienced mental health care professionals to college health settings is a challenging task. The psychiatric pharmacist is…

Caley, Charles F.; Webber, Donna; Kurland, Michael; Holmes, Paula

2010-01-01

100

Mental health care in the USSR  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author received a scientist exchange grant from the National Institutes of Health and visited the USSR as a health-science representative in 1976. He reports that mental health services in the USSR are provided primarily by the medical profession through state mental hospitals and psychiatric sections in general hospitals and clinics. Drug therapy is the main treatment method, but psychotherapy

Vytautas J. Bieliauskas

1977-01-01

101

Telepsychiatry and school mental health.  

PubMed

The provision of mental health services in schools has been one effective strategy for reaching out to a greater number of youth to identify and provide treatment for mental health issues. With the increasing challenges related to shortages in child and adolescent psychiatrists, it is critical to develop models of care that can maximize a full range of mental health services for all children and adolescents who need them. Telehealth offers an innovative distance technology strategy to effectively and efficiently provide access to psychiatric services in schools. Telepsychiatry has the potential to better link and enhance the provision of health services, and can be particularly beneficial in addressing geographic distance and/or capacity issues. This article describes the clinical, educational, and administrative uses of telemental health in the school environment with mental health professionals and staff. PMID:21092914

Grady, Brian J; Lever, Nancy; Cunningham, Dana; Stephan, Sharon

2011-01-01

102

Social Meanings Versus the Psychiatric Concept of Mental Illness  

PubMed Central

According to the societal reaction perspective, mental illness develops when symptoms are molded and imputed by societal reaction into a stable and organized social role. Individuals are thrust into the role by being labeled mentally ill. In contrast, the psychiatric concept assumes that mental illness is a disease. Its purpose is to order, predict, and control the symptoms of mental disease. This paper examines some social theories of mental disorder and compares the societal reaction perspective to the psychiatric concept.

Smith, Dorothy L.

1982-01-01

103

GENDER AND MENTAL HEALTH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This paper addresses the relationship between gender and mental health. First, the field of mental health and the concept of gender is introduced. This is followed by a discussion of the forms of gender bias implicated in mental health research. Next, gender differences in mental health outcomes are described, including differences in the prevalence and course of conditions. Evidence

Jill Astbury

104

No personalization without participation: on the active contribution of psychiatric patients to the development of a mobile application for mental health  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the increasing pervasiveness of mobile computational technologies, knowledge about psychiatric patients’ preferences regarding the design and utility of mobile applications is very poor. This paper reports on a pilot-study that involved 120 psychiatric patients in the development of a mobile application (app) that is being used for data entry into the Signature Project data bank at the Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal (IUSMM), Canada. Participants were invited to comment on the ‘look and feel’ of the Signature App. Their input also extended the procedures for data collection. These suggestions may contribute to increased mental health literacy and empowerment of persons with mental illness receiving services at the IUSMM. Methods Participants were recruited to fill out a questionnaire on a tablet computer while waiting at the Emergency Room (ER, n = 40), Psychotic Disorders outpatient clinic (n = 40) or Anxiety and Mood Disorders outpatient clinic (n = 40) of IUSMM. Nine patients from each of these sub-groups participated in a focus group to review the results and to discuss how the design and use of the Signature App could be improved to better meet the needs of patients. Results This study (n = 120) indicated that psychiatric patients are clearly capable of using a tablet computer to fill out questionnaires for quantitative data entry, and that they enjoyed this experience. Results from the focus groups (n = 27) highlight that the app could also be used by patients to communicate some personal and contextual qualitative information. This would support a holistic and person-centered approach, especially at the ER where people acutely need to describe their recent history and receive emotional support. Conclusions This pilot-study has confirmed the necessity of involving patients not only in the testing of a new mobile application, but also as active contributors in the entire research and development process of a person-centered information and communication technology infrastructure. The input of participants was essential in designing the Signature Project computational procedure and making use of the app a positive and empowering experience. Participants also gave critical feedback remarks that went beyond the initial scope of the pilot-study, for example they suggested the addition of a client-clinician component.

2013-01-01

105

The importance of relationships in mental health care: A qualitative study of service users' experiences of psychiatric hospital admission in the UK  

PubMed Central

Background While a number of studies have looked at life on service users' experiences of life on psychiatric wards, no research exists that have approached these experiences from the user perspective since the introduction of community care. Methods This user-led study uses a participatory approach to develop an understanding of the processes and themes which define the user experience of hospitalisation. Nineteen service users who had all had inpatient stays in psychiatric hospitals in London were interviewed in the community. Results Relationships formed the core of service users' experiences. Three further codes, treatment, freedom and environment defined the role of hospital and its physical aspects. Themes of communication, safety, trust, coercion, and cultural competency contributed to the concept of relationships. Conclusion Relationships with an individual which comprised effective communication, cultural sensitivity, and the absence of coercion resulted in that person being attributed with a sense of trust. This resulted in the patient experiencing the hospital as a place of safety in terms of risk from other patients and staff. Barriers to positive relationships included ineffective and negative communication, a lack of trust, a lack of safety in terms of staff as ineffective in preventing violence, and as perpetrators themselves, and the use of coercion by staff. This unique perspective both acts as a source of triangulation with previous studies and highlights the importance of the therapeutic relationship in providing a safe and therapeutic milieu for the treatment of people with acute mental health problems.

Gilburt, Helen; Rose, Diana; Slade, Mike

2008-01-01

106

Ethnic and gender differences in mental health utilization: the case of Muslim Jordanian and Moroccan Jewish Israeli out-patient psychiatric patients.  

PubMed

A sample of 148 (87 Jordanian [61 male, 26 female] and 61 Israeli [26 male, 35 female]) was selected from a psychiatric clinic in Ashdod Israel and Zarka Jordan, using convenience sampling methodology over a 12 month period in late 1997 and early 1998. A revised Hopkins Symptom Checklist: A Self-Report Symptom Inventory (HSCL) was translated into Arabic and Hebrew and distributed to subjects; additional questions explored demographic characteristics, forms of received treatment, patient perceptions of treatment efficacy, patient use of traditional healers, and patient explanation of etiology. Data revealed that there were differences in dimensions between the 2 groups based on nationality and gender. More Jordanians than Israelis expected medications as the main treatment, and unlike Israelis, no Jordanian patients received individual psychotherapy. Israelis expected medications, advice, directions, and instructions from psychiatrists. Both ethnic groups consulted a wide array of traditional healers, although precise types of healers varied according to gender and ethnicity. Israeli subjects gave more diverse explanations of mental health etiologies: physical, family, divorce, economic, unemployment; whereas Jordanians tended to emphasize divine and spiritual sources. Implications for psychiatric practice are discussed. PMID:11589335

Al-Krenawi, A; Graham, J R; Ophir, M; Kandah, J

2001-01-01

107

Mental health literacy among university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the mental health literacy of students. This study is part of the growing interest in mental health literacy among young people. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Over 400 university students indicated their knowledge of over 90 psychiatric illnesses labels derived from DSM:IV. They rated disorders on six questions concerning whether they had heard

Adrian Furnham; Richard Cook; Neil Martin; Mark Batey

2011-01-01

108

Retrospective analysis of hospital episode statistics, involuntary admissions under the Mental Health Act 1983, and number of psychiatric beds in England 1996-2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To analyse the number of voluntary and involuntary (detentions under the Mental Health Act 1983) admissions for mental disorders between 1996 and 2006 in England.Design Retrospective analysis.Setting England.Main outcome measures Number of voluntary and involuntary admissions for mental disorders in England’s health service, number of involuntary admissions to private beds, and number of NHS beds for patients with mental

Patrick Keown; Gavin Mercer; Jan Scott

2008-01-01

109

Community-based mental health care in Africa: mental health workers' views MENTAL HEALTH POLICY PAPER  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Western countries, community-based mental health services are now becoming the preferred model for delivery of psychiatric care, in contrast to the more traditional men- tal hospital-based services. The World Health Organization (WHO) is a proponent of such an approach, not only in the high- and middle-income countries of the West, but also in low-income developing countries (1). In the

ATALAY ALEM; LARS JACOBSSON; CHARLOTTE HANLON

110

Nepal mental health country profile.  

PubMed

The Kingdom of Nepal is situated in the heart of Asia, between its two big neighbours China and India. Nepal is home to several ethnic groups. The majority of the 23 million population reside in the countryside. Although figures on many of the health and socio-economic indicators are non-existing, some existing ones show gradual improvement over the years. However the figures for illiteracy and infant mortality are still one of the highest in the world. As per GDP, and population living below the poverty line and per capita income, Nepal still remains one of the poorest countries in the world. Despite this, it provides shelter to thousands of Bhutanese refugees in its land. Frequent natural disasters and recent violent conflicts in Nepal have further added hardship to life. Less than 3% of the national budget is allocated to the health sector. Mental health receives insignificant attention. The Government spends about 1% of the health budget on mental health. There is no mental health act and the National Mental Health Policy formulated in 1997 is yet to be fully operational. Mental ill health is not much talked about because of the stigma attached. The roles of the legal and insurance systems are almost negligible. The financial burden rests upon the family. The traditional/religious healing methods still remain actively practiced, specifically in the field of mental health. The service, comprising little more than two-dozen psychiatrists along with a few psychiatric nurses and clinical psychologists (mainly practicing in modern health care facilities) has started showing its impact--however this is limited to specific urban areas. The majority of the modern health care facilities across the country are devoid of a mental health facility. The main contextual challenges for mental health in Nepal are the provision of adequate manpower, spreading the services across the country, increasing public awareness and formulating and implementing an adequate policy. PMID:15276946

Regmi, S K; Pokharel, A; Ojha, S P; Pradhan, S N; Chapagain, G

111

Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... the health services/center. They see lots of students who are anxious, stressed or depressed at college. What if it's more serious than feeling down— ... weeks or more, see a counselor at your student health center right away: Sad mood Not ... problems (you sleep too much or too little) Being really tired, ...

112

Child Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... your child has a fever. A child's mental health problem may be harder to identify, but you ... or hurting or destroying things. Some common mental health problems in children are Depression Anxiety Behavior disorders ...

113

Paying for mental health and substance abuse care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifty-four billion dollars was spent on alcohol\\/ drug abuse and mental health treatment in 1990. These expenditures were concentrated in the area of inpatient psychiatric care and on persons with severe mental health and substance abuse problems. The data on expenditure patterns for mental health and substance abuse care suggest that successful health care reform in this area must implement

Richard G. Frank; Thomas G. McGuire; Darrel A. Regier; Ronald Manderscheid; Albert Woodward

1994-01-01

114

Migrant Mental Health: A Model for Indicators of Mental Health and Health Care Consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This study explores the relationship between mental health and health care consumption among migrants in the Netherlands. Design: Samples of the Turkish (n = 648), Moroccan (n = 102), and Surinamese (n = 311) populations in Amsterdam were examined. The study tested a hypothesized model of risk factors for psychiatric morbidity, indicators of well-being, and indicators of health care

A. M. Kamperman; I. H. Komproe

2007-01-01

115

Same-Sex Sexual Behavior and Psychiatric Disorders: Findings From the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: It has been suggested that homosexual- ity is associated with psychiatric morbidity. This study examined differences between heterosexually and ho- mosexually active subjects in 12-month and lifetime preva- lence of DSM-III-R mood, anxiety, and substance use dis- orders in a representative sample of the Dutch population (N=7076; aged 18-64 years). Methods: Data were collected in face-to-face inter- views, using

Theo G. M. Sandfort; Ron de Graaf; Rob V. Bijl; Paul Schnabel

2001-01-01

116

Prevalence of psychiatric disorder in the general population: results of the Netherlands Mental Health Survey and Incidence Study (NEMESIS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports the initial results of a prospective study on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the Dutch population\\u000a aged 18–64. The objectives and the design of the study are described elsewhere in this issue. A total of 7076 people were\\u000a interviewed in person in 1996. The presence of the following disorders was determined by means of the CIDI:

R. V. Bijl; A. Ravelli; G. van Zessen

1998-01-01

117

Mental health promotion: Guidance and strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public mental health incorporates a number of strategies from mental well-being promotion to primary prevention and other forms of prevention. There is considerable evidence in the literature to suggest that early interventions and public education can work well for reducing psychiatric morbidity and resulting burden of disease. Educational strategies need to focus on individual, societal and environmental aspects. Targeted interventions

G. Kalra; G. Christodoulou; R. Jenkins; V. Tsipas; N. Christodoulou; D. Lecic-Tosevski; J. Mezzich; D. Bhugra

118

New Research into General Psychiatric Services for Adults with Intellectual Disability and Mental Illness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: There are a variety of models for the mental health care of adults with comorbid intellectual disability (ID) and mental illness. There has been a long-running debate as to whether this should be provided by general psychiatric or specialised ID services. A previous review concluded that there was no clear evidence to support either…

Chaplin, R.

2009-01-01

119

The relationship between type of mental health provider and met and unmet mental health needs in a nationally representative sample of HIV-positive patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined mental health service utilization among a nationally representative sample of adults with HIV and psychiatric disorders or perceived need for mental health services. Data are from the HIV Cost and Services Utilization Study (HCSUS) mental health survey (n = 1489) conducted in 1997–1998. Most (70%) needed mental healthcare. Of these, 30% received no mental health services in

Stephanie L. Taylor; M. Audrey Burnam; Cathy Sherbourne; Ron Andersen; William E. Cunningham

2004-01-01

120

Mental Health 3: Mental Health Through Literature  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson, from Science NetLinks, examines how mental illness has been portrayed in the arts while highlighting for students a more insightful way to further develop their ideas about human behavior. This lesson is the third of three lessons on mental health and human behavior.

Science Netlinks;

2002-07-27

121

Mental Health Reform and Evolution of General Psychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To discuss developments in Ontario mental health reform, describe general psychiatric serv- ices in contrast to tertiary services, describe guidelines for the training of general psychiatrists, and sug- gest what changes may be required to develop an integrated mental health system (IMHS). Method: We review the Ontario government's recent blueprint for mental health reform and the Cana- dian federal

122

The development of a community mental health ideology scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

As psychiatric facilities move toward a community mental health orientation, it appears vital to understand and measure this new ideological perspective. A valid and reliable 38-item Scale has been developed for this purpose. The Community Mental Health Ideology Scale very effectively discriminates between groups known to be highly oriented to this ideology and random samples of mental health professionals. Other

Frank Baker; Herbert C. Schulberg

1967-01-01

123

The integration of psychiatric rehabilitation services in behavioral health care structures: A state example  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a model for integrating psychiatric rehabilitation services in a managed behavioral health care structure. Psychiatric rehabilitation and managed care are two distinct developments in the provision of mental health services that have proceeded independently though they can have compatible methods and outcomes. Descriptive detail is provided about a state initiative in Iowa to provide psychiatric rehabilitation services

Marsha Langer Ellison; William A. Anthony; John L. Sheets; William Dodds; William J. Barker; Joseph Massaro; Nancy J. Wewiorski

2002-01-01

124

Mental Health 2: Bedlam  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the second of three lessons from Science NetLinks on mental health and human behavior. This lesson gives students an up-close, personal look at Bedlam, the world's first mental health asylum, and the kind of life and treatment that mentally ill people received before the 20th century.

Science Netlinks;

2002-07-28

125

Sufism and mental health.  

PubMed

Human experience in, health and disease, always has a spiritual dimension. pirituality is accepted as one of the defining determinants of health and it no more remains a sole preserve of religion and mysticism. In recent years, pirituality has been an area of research in neurosciences and both in the nderstanding of psychiatric morbidity and extending therapeutic interventions it seems to be full of promises. Sufism has been a prominent spiritual tradition in Islam deriving influences from major world religions, such as, Christianity and Hinduism and contributing substantially toward spiritual well-being of a large number of people within and outside Muslim world. Though Sufism started in early days of Islam and had many prominent Sufis, it is in the medieval period it achieved great height culminating in many Sufi orders and their major proponents. The Sufism aims communion with God through spiritual realization; soul being the agency of this communion, and propounding the God to be not only the cause of all existence but the only real existence. It may provide a vital link to understand the source of religious experience and its impact on mental health. PMID:23858257

Nizamie, S Haque; Katshu, Mohammad Zia Ul Haq; Uvais, N A

2013-01-01

126

Pilot mental health: expert working group recommendations.  

PubMed

Following a March 27, 2012, incident in which a pilot of a major commercial airline experienced a serious disturbance in his mental health, the Aerospace Medical Association formed an Ad Hoc Working Group on Pilot Mental Health. The working group met several times and analyzed current medical standards for evaluating pilot mental health. The result of the working group was a letter sent to the FAA and other organizations worldwide interested in medical standards. The Committee found that it is neither productive nor cost effective to perform extensive psychiatric evaluations as part of the routine pilot aeromedical assessment. However it did recommend greater attention be given to mental health issues by aeromedical examiners, especially to the more common and detectable mental health conditions and life stressors that can affect pilots and flight performance. They encouraged this through increased education and global recognition of the importance of mental health in aviation safety. PMID:23316549

2012-12-01

127

Predictors of Types of Help Provided to People Using Services for Mental Health Problems: An Analysis of the Australian National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Using the 1997 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing, this study examined the types of mental health help provided to those Australians who use mental health services. We also sought to identify the extent to which sociodemographic factors, patterns of psychiatric morbidity and type of health practitioner seen were associated with receiving different types of mental health help.Method:

Ruth A. Parslow; Anthony F. Jorm

2001-01-01

128

[Reconstruction of mental health services in Bosnia and Herzegovina].  

PubMed

Psychiatric services in Bosnia-Herzegovina before the war disaster was fairly developed and one of the best organized services amongst the republics of the former Yugoslavia. The psychiatric care system was based on psychiatric hospitals and small neuropsychiatric wards within general hospitals, accompanied by psychiatric services in health centers. The onset of war in B&H brought devastation and destruction in all domains of life, including the demolition and closing of numerous traditional psychiatric institutions, together with massive psychological suffering of the whole civilian population. Already during the war, and even more so after the war, the reconstruction and reorganization of the mental health services was undertaken. The basis of mental health care for the future is designed as a system where majority of services is located in the community, as close as possible to the habitat of the patients. The key aspect of the system of the comprehensive health care is primary health care and the main role is assigned to family practitioners and mental health professionals working in the community. Large psychiatric institutions were either closed or devastated, or have their capacities extensively reduced. There will be no reconstructions or reopening of the old psychiatric facilities, nor the new ones will be built. The most integrated part of the psychiatric system are the Community based mental health centers. Each of these centers will serve a particular geographic area. The centers will be responsible for prevention and treatment of psychiatric disorders, as well as for the mental health well being. Chronic mental health patients without families and are not able to independently live in the community will be accommodated in designated homes and other forms of protected accommodation within their communities. The principal change in mental health policy in B&H was a decision to transfer psychiatric services from traditional facilities into community, much closer to the patients. Basic elements of the mental health policy in B&H are: Decentralization and sectorization of mental health services; Intersectorial activity; Comprehensiveness of services; Equality in access and utilization of psychiatric service resources; Nationwide accessibility of mental health services; Continuity of services and care, together with the active participation of the community. This overview discusses the primary health care as the basic component of the comprehensive mental health care in greater detail, including tasks for family medicine teams and each individual member. 1. Comprehensive psychiatric care is implemented by primary health care physicians, specialized Centers for community-based mental health care, psychiatric wards of general hospitals and clinical centers in charge of brief, "acute" inpatient care; 2. Primary mental health care is implemented by family practitioners (primary care physicians) and their teams; 3. Specialized psychiatric care in community is performed professional teams specialized mental health issues' within Mental health centers in corresponding sectors; 4. A great deal of relevance is given to development of confidence and utilization of links between primary health care teams and specialized teams in Mental health centers and psychiatric in patient institutions; 5. Psychiatric wards within general cantonal hospitals, departments of psychiatric clinics in Sarajevo, Tuzla, and Mostar, and Cantonal Psychiatric hospital in Sarajevo (Jagomir) shall admit acute patients as well as chronic (with each new relapse). Treatment in these facilities is brief an patients are discharged to return to their homes, with further treatment referral to their family practitioner or designated Mental health center; 6. Chronic mental patients with severe residual impairment in social, psychological, and somatic functioning, shall live in the community with their families or independently. Those chronic patients without families and economic and other resources to live independently shall be placed in supervise

Ceri?, I; Loga, S; Sinanovi?, O; Cardaklija, Z; Cerkez, G; Jacobson, L; Jensen, S; Reali, M; Toresini, L; Oruc, L; Danes, V; Mikovi?, M; Mehi?-Basara, N; Hasanbegovi?, M; Lagerquist, B; Flaker, V; Mollica, R; Pavkovi?, I; Skobi?, H; Lavelle, J; Horvat, D; Nakas, B; Kapetanovi?, A; Bradvica, L; Weine, S; Masi?, I; Purati?, V; Dancevi?, M

2001-01-01

129

Mental Health for Men  

MedlinePLUS

... abuse Anxiety disorders and PTSD Body image and eating disorders Depression Sexual health for men Urinary health for ... abuse Anxiety disorders and PTSD Body image and eating disorders Depression Other mental health conditions include bipolar disorder , ...

130

What differentiates children visiting outpatient mental health services with bipolar spectrum disorder from children with other psychiatric diagnoses?  

PubMed Central

Objectives To determine the contribution of parent-reported manic symptoms, family history, stressful life events, and family environment in predicting diagnosis of bipolar spectrum disorders (BPSD) in youth presenting to an outpatient psychiatric clinic. Methods A total of 707 6- to 12-year-old children [621 with elevated symptoms of mania (ESM+) based on screening via the Parent General Behavior Inventory 10-item Mania Scale (PGBI-10M) and 86 without ESM (ESM?)] received a comprehensive assessment. Results Of the 629 with complete data, 24% (n = 148) had BPSD. Compared to those without BPSD (n = 481), children with BPSD: were older (Cohen’s d = 0.44) and more likely to be female (Cohen’s d = 0.26); had higher parent-endorsed manic symptom scores at screening (Cohen’s d = 0.36) and baseline (Cohen’s d = 0.76), more biological parents with a history of manic symptoms (Cohen’s d = 0.48), and greater parenting stress (Cohen’s d = 0.19). Discriminating variables, in order, were: baseline PGBI-10M scores, biological parent history of mania, parenting stress, and screening PGBI-10M scores. Absence of all these factors reduced risk of BPSD from 24% to 2%. Conclusions History of parental manic symptoms remains a robust predictor of BPSD in youth seeking outpatient care, even after accounting for parent report of manic symptoms in the child at screening. However, the risk factors identified as associated with BPSD, together had limited value in accurately identifying individual participants with BPSD, highlighting the need for careful clinical assessment.

Fristad, Mary A; Frazier, Thomas W; Youngstrom, Eric A; Mount, Katherine; Fields, Benjamin W; Demeter, Christine; Birmaher, Boris; Kowatch, Robert A; Arnold, L Eugene; Axelson, David; Gill, Mary Kay; Horwitz, Sarah McCue; Findling, Robert L

2012-01-01

131

Hispanic Mental Health Research: A Case for Cultural Psychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contemporary research involving Hispanic mental health is critically e-xamined. Selected problem areas that span a spectrum covering folk\\/traditional conceptualizations of mental illness, standardized concepts and methods employed in epidemiology, approaches to psychiatric diagnosis in biomedical settings, and more basic epistemological assumptions involving psychiatric nosology and theory receive systematic attention. The idea is developed that a dominating and exclusive \\

Horacio Fabrega

1990-01-01

132

Obesity and mental health.  

PubMed

Mental health factors contribute to the onset and maintenance of overweight and obese status in children, adolescents, and adults. Binge eating disorder (BED), body image, self-esteem, mood disorders, and social and family factors affect individuals in different ways and contribute to weight gain and failure in weight loss management. Assessment of these mental health factors and treatment by 1 of several mental health treatment models may not only improve self-worth but also weight loss and maintenance. PMID:19501244

Talen, Mary R; Mann, Misty M

2009-06-01

133

Mental Health in Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United States federal government has a vested interest in the mental health of children and adolescents. It considers\\u000a the current state of mental health care for children a public crisis (U.S. Public Health Service, 2000). Approximately 21%\\u000a of children and adolescents between the ages of 9 and 17 have a diagnosable mental or addictive disorder that causes at least

Trina Menden Anglin

134

Theorizing Mental Health Courts  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, no scholarly article has analyzed the theoretical basis of mental health courts, which currently exist in forty-three states. This Article examines the two utilitarian justifications proposed by mental health court advocates—therapeutic jurisprudence and therapeutic rehabilitation—and finds both insufficient. Therapeutic jurisprudence is inadequate to justify mental health courts because of its inability, by definition, to resolve significant normative conflict.

Lea Johnston

2011-01-01

135

Theorizing Mental Health Courts  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, no scholarly article has analyzed the theoretical basis of mental health courts, which currently exist in forty-three states. This Article examines the two utilitarian justifications proposed by mental health court advocates—therapeutic jurisprudence and therapeutic rehabilitation—and finds both insufficient. Therapeutic jurisprudence is inadequate to justify mental health courts because of its inability, by definition, to resolve significant normative conflict.

E. Lea Johnston

2012-01-01

136

Mental Health Problems of Disaster Victims.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The mental health needs of disaster victims remains a largely neglected area, possibly due to other pressing demands placed on available resources and to the difficulties in correctly detecting psychiatric cases by the general health worker. This study attempted to use a questionnaire suitable to primary care settings for the detection of…

Lima, Bruno R.; And Others

137

[Mental Health courts: therapeutic jurisprudence in action].  

PubMed

In Québec, as elsewhere in North America, psychiatric deinstitutionalization, lack of community mental health resources as well as legislative changes to civil and criminal codes have led to an increased probability that individuals with a mental illness come into contact with the criminal justice system. Based on the principle of therapeutic jurisprudence, mental health courts constitute emerging diversion programs, taking place within the court, implemented to offer an alternative to incarceration for individuals with a mental illness. This article offers a critical synthesis of the scientific literature on the topic. The authors first present the context in which mental health courts were developed ; describe their objectives and functioning ; and introduce the Montreal Mental Health Court pilot project, renamed PAJ-SM (Plan d'Accompagnement Justice et Santé) the first of its kind in Québec. The paper examines the research on mental health courts and tackles some of the stakes of diversion programs. The challenges and limits inherent to specialized courts are discussed as well as methodological obstacles related to the study of these complex intervention programs. The authors conclude that mental health courts offer promising intervention venues, but that they do not constitute a panacea to resolving all issues related to the contact of mentally ill individuals with the justice system. Mental health courts must be accompanied by other intervention strategies for persons with mental health problems at all stages of the criminal justice process. PMID:20361114

Jaimes, Annie; Crocker, Anne; Bédard, Evelyne; Ambrosini, Daniel L

2009-01-01

138

Older Adults and Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Health & Education > Mental Health Information Older Adults and Mental Health Depression Depression is not a normal part of ... Research Clinical Trials: Current Studies on Older Adults Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General/Older Adults ...

139

The Built Environment and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The built environment has direct and indirect effects on mental health.High- rise housing is inimical to the psychological well-being of women with young children. Poor-quality housing appears to increase psychological distress, but methodological issues make it difficult to draw clear conclusions. Mental health of psychiatric patients has been linked to design elements that affect their ability to regulate social interaction

Gary W. Evans

2003-01-01

140

The built environment and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The built environment has direct and indirect effects on mental health. Highrise housing is inimical to the psychological\\u000a well-being of women with young children. Poor-quality housing appears to increase psychological distress, but methodological\\u000a issues make it difficult, to draw clear conclusions. Mental health of psychiatric patients has been linked to design elements\\u000a that affect their ability to regulate social interaction

Gary W. Evans

2003-01-01

141

Reinstitutionalization following psychiatric discharge among VA patients with serious mental illness: a national longitudinal study.  

PubMed

Patterns of reinstitutionalization following psychiatric hospitalization for individuals with serious mental illnesses (SMI) vary by medical and psychiatric health care settings. This report presents rates of reinstitutionalization across care settings for 35,527 patients following psychiatric discharge in the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) health system, a national health care system. Over a 7-year follow-up period, 30,417 patients (86%) were reinstitutionalized. Among these patients, 73% were initially reinstitutionalized to inpatient psychiatric settings. Homelessness, medical morbidity, and substance use were associated with increased risks for reinstitutionalization. Despite the VA's increased emphasis on outpatient services delivery, the vast majority of patients experienced reinstitutionalization in the follow-up period. Study findings may inform efforts to refine psychiatric and medical assessment for service delivery for this vulnerable population. PMID:17763982

Irmiter, Cheryl; McCarthy, John F; Barry, Kristen L; Soliman, Soheil; Blow, Frederic C

2007-12-01

142

Impact of Maternal Mental Health Status on Child Mental Health Treatment Outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effect of maternal depression and anxiety on child treatment outcome. Psychiatric assessments were conducted on 180 mother–child pairs when the child entered treatment in a community mental health center and six months later. Children whose mothers were depressed or anxious were significantly more impaired than children of mentally healthy mothers at both time points. Both groups

Carrie W. Rishel; Catherine G. Greeno; Steven C. Marcus; Esther Sales; M. Katherine. Shear; Holly A. Swartz; Carol Anderson

2006-01-01

143

Treating Older Persons with Severe Mental Illness in the Community: Impact of an Interdisciplinary Geriatric Mental Health Team  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little information is available concerning community-based interventions to treat the growing number older persons with severe mental illness. This study examined treatment efficacy of a specialized interdisciplinary geriatric mental health team (mental health geriatric interdisciplinary teams or MHGITs) for 69 older clients with severe mental disorders. Depression, life satisfaction, health, and psychiatric and medical hospitalization data were gathered. A decrease

Sherry M. Cummings

2008-01-01

144

Mental Health of College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

A random sample of college sophomores was studied regarding their mental health status, mental health service use, and attitudes toward mental health professionals. Data were collected through home interviews and a search of the students' service records at the university. Mental health status was measured by the 22-item Midtown Mental Health Scale.Religious affiliation and performance satisfaction were both found to

Jeffrey O. Whitley

1979-01-01

145

Mental health performance measurement in corrections.  

PubMed

Correctional facilities have become, by default, one of the largest providers of mental health care for patients with serious mental illness. In its 2002 Report to Congress, the National Commission on Correctional Health Care has reported that most facilities do not provide quality mental health care, nor do they conform to nationally accepted guidelines for mental health screening and treatment. This article describes the product of a consensus panel of correctional health care experts, charged to develop performance measures, based on nationally accepted standards, for selected elements of psychiatric treatment behind bars, aimed to improve the quality of care. Performance measures were developed for medication adherence, suicide prevention, mental health treatment planning, and sleep medication usage. PMID:18697916

Hoge, Steven K; Greifinger, Robert B; Lundquist, Thomas; Mellow, Jeff

2008-08-12

146

"Chartering" the limits of involuntary psychiatric treatment in Victoria: interpreting the Mental Health Act 1986 (Vic) in the age of the Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 (Vic).  

PubMed

The Mental Health Act 1986 (Vic) allows for individuals with a serious mental illness to be treated on an involuntary basis either in a psychiatric hospital (on an involuntary treatment order) or in the community (on a community treatment order). The Act also establishes the Mental Health Review Board with the authority to review these orders within eight weeks of those orders being made and at least once every 12 months thereafter. This article analyses a recent decision of the board, Re Appeal of 09-085 [2009] VMHRB 1, in which the appellant challenged a decision of a psychiatrist to extend his community treatment order for a further 12 months. The appellant argued that aspects of his involuntary treatment under the Act amounted to "cruel, inhuman or degrading" treatment and therefore breached his right to freedom from "cruel, inhuman or degrading" treatment under s 10(b) of Victoria's recently enacted Charter of Human Rights and Responsibilities Act 2006 (Vic). Thus, the board was asked to consider whether the definition of "treatment" under the Act was compatible with the rights and freedoms enacted by the Charter. This was the first time that a Victorian court or tribunal had considered the impact of the Charter on involuntary psychiatric treatment. The decision was also a prelude to the Victorian Government's announcement that it would comprehensively review its mental health legislation, now the oldest in Australia. As this case highlights, in determining the future direction of mental health legislation and policy in Victoria, the Charter has been crucial. PMID:20977167

Bradfield, Owen

2010-09-01

147

Good Mental Health  

MedlinePLUS

... selenium, zinc, and omega-3 — may contribute to depression in new mothers. Ask your doctor or another health care professional for more information. Return to top Exercise and mental health Learn more in the fitness and ...

148

Mental Health Act Commission  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article is to promote a clearer under standing of the Mental Health Commission's develop ment, structure and function. Over recent years, mental health professionals and patients have become more aware of the organisation and its work, although some may remain uncertain about its function and how it fits into the overall care of detained patients. The

L. Blom-Cooper; William Bingley

1982-01-01

149

MENTAL HEALTH DIRECTORY, 1966.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|THE DIRECTORY IS INTENDED AS A REFERENCE GUIDE TO MENTAL HEALTH PROGRAMS AND SERVICES THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES. IT IS ORGANIZED INTO A FEDERAL SECTION AND A STATE AND COMMUNITY SECTION, EACH OF WHICH IS PRECEDED BY AN INTRODUCTORY STATEMENT CONCERNING THE LISTINGS IN THAT SECTION. ADDRESSES AND SHORT DESCRIPTIONS OF THE MAJOR MENTAL HEALTH

YOLLES, STANLEY F.; AND OTHERS

150

Children's Mental Health Surveillance  

MedlinePLUS

Children’s Mental Health Surveillance National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities Division of Human Development and Disability What are ... gov CDC issues first comprehensive report on children’s mental health in the United States A new report from ...

151

Mental Health Care Use in Parkinson’s Disease: A Record Linkage Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/Aim: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is often complicated by psychiatric comorbidity, which is likely to lead to a higher use of mental health care facilities. In addition, psychiatric symptomatology and associated mental health care use may be present even before motor symptoms and PD are diagnosed, as the pathophysiology of PD and its psychiatric consequences are likely to overlap to a

A. F. G. Leentjens; G. Driessen; W. Weber; M. Drukker; J. van Os

2008-01-01

152

Changes in the Provision of Institutionalized Mental Health Care in Post-Communist Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundGeneral psychiatric and forensic psychiatric beds, supported housing and the prison population have been suggested as indicators of institutionalized mental health care. According to the Penrose hypothesis, decreasing psychiatric bed numbers may lead to increasing prison populations. The study aimed to assess indicators of institutionalized mental health care in post-communist countries during the two decades following the political change, and

Adrian P. Mundt; Tanja Fran?iškovi?; Isaac Gurovich; Andreas Heinz; Yuriy Ignatyev; Fouad Ismayilov; Miklós Péter Kalapos; Valery Krasnov; Adriana Mihai; Jan Mir; Dzianis Padruchny; Matej Poto?an; Ji?í Raboch; M?ris Taube; Marta Welbel; Stefan Priebe

2012-01-01

153

Mental illness and psychiatric treatment amongst firesetters, other offenders and the general community.  

PubMed

Objective: Firesetting is often reported to be associated with psychopathology, but frequently these conclusions are based on studies reliant on selective forensic psychiatric samples without the use of comparison groups. The aim of the study was to examine the rates of mental illness, substance use disorders, personality pathology and psychiatric service usage in a population of convicted firesetters compared with other offenders and community controls. Method: Using a data-linkage design, the study examined the psychiatric histories and usage of public mental health services by 1328 arsonists convicted between 2000 and 2009 in Victoria, Australia. These were compared with 1328 matched community controls and 421 non-firesetting offenders. Results: Firesetters were significantly more likely to have been registered with psychiatric services (37%) compared with other offenders (29.3%) and community controls (8.7%). The firesetters were also more likely to have utilised a diverse range of public mental health services. Firesetters attracted psychiatric diagnoses more often than community controls and other offenders, particularly affective, substance use, and personality disorders. Conclusions: This study confirms that there is a link between firesetting and psychopathology, suggesting that there is a role for the psychiatric screening of known firesetters, and a need to consider psychopathology in formulating the risk for further firesetting. PMID:23739314

Ducat, Lauren; Ogloff, James Rp; McEwan, Troy

2013-06-05

154

Defining mental health and mental illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key featuresDiscussion of the terminological confusion that exists in relation to issues associated with mental health.  The scale of individual suffering from mental health problems and illness among young people.  The worldwide phenomenon of the stigmatization of mental illness, originating during childhood.

Sharon Leighton; Nisha Dogra

155

Hispanic Mental Health Professionals. Monograph No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume is a collection of reports presented at a 1976 meeting held on the issue of Spanish American professional representation in the mental health field in the United States. Paper topics include: (1) Hispanics in psychiatry; (2) the current status of Hispanic social workers; (3) Hispanic psychiatric nursing personnel in the U.S.; (4) the…

Olmedo, Esteban L., Ed.; Lopez, Steven, Ed.

156

Mental Health Needs of Arab Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers indicate that the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in the Arab region is similar to that found in other parts of the world. Women, in particular, are more likely to suffer various disorders including depression, anxiety disorders, somatization, and eating disorders. In this article, the author highlights some of the research on the mental health needs of Arab women. Consideration

Aisha Hamdan

2009-01-01

157

Community mental health services in The Netherlands: Quo Vadis?  

PubMed Central

Short description of the workshop The workshop leaders will present a panoramic view of the community mental health care in Holland: some figures of psychiatric disorders, organizational features of mental health care, treatment of depression and anxiety disorders in primary health care, treatment and care of the severe mentally ill and public mental health solutions. They will show examples of community mental health care and indicate innovations and future trends. Discussion Advantages and disadvantages of the system will be discussed and compared with arrangements of community mental healthcare in other countries. In an interactive way participants will be invited to indicate their community mental health care so that the workshop gives the opportunity to compare and weigh current community-based care for psychiatric patients and new directions.

van Splunteren, Peter; van de Lindt, Simone

2010-01-01

158

MentalHealth.net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is an excellent resource for anyone seeking the latest issues surrounding mental health topics. It is designed and maintained by Clinical Psychologists and is "dedicated to educating the public about mental health, wellness, and family and relationship issues and concerns." In existence since 1995, the site provides featured topics, essays and articles, as well as latest news sections. In addition to these tools, weblogs, podcasts, and a questions and answers section are available. This site will be a valuable resource for any student, instructor or professional in the mental health field.

2007-08-23

159

Social Networks and Mental Health Service Utilisation - a Literature Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks have been shown to be smaller in individuals with severe mental illness than in the general population. Patients' social networks and social support may impact on their utilisation of psychiatric services. This literature review focuses on social networks, social support and mental health service use in patients with mental illness. Most studies suggest that smaller social networks or

Maya Albert; Thomas Becker; Paul Mccrone; Graham Thornicroft

1998-01-01

160

The thin blue line of mental health in Australia  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the shift from psychiatric custodial treatment and accommodation of mentally ill individuals to community living and community care may have been devised with good intentions, poorly implemented reforms have promulgated numerous deficiencies in Australia’s mental health system. Among these has been the troubling proportion of mentally ill individuals who have ‘fallen through the cracks’ into crisis as a consequence

Katrina Clifford

2010-01-01

161

Special Working Group: Mental Health Problems of Vietnam Era Veterans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This commission met to identify problems faced by Vietnam veterans and to recommend programs and policies that could help meet their needs. Five major mental health problems are identified: psychiatric disorders, drug abuse and alcoholism, the stigma asso...

J. Helmer

1978-01-01

162

76 FR 80741 - TRICARE: Certified Mental Health Counselors  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...credentialing, and scope of practice to develop options...practicing within the scope of his or her license...certified psychiatric nurse specialists, certified...licensed for independent practice in mental health...allowing for differing scopes of independent...

2011-12-27

163

Stigmatisation of People with Mental Illness and of Psychiatric Institutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The effects of stigmatisation upon people with mental illness are common and profoundly socially excluding, and so constitute\\u000a unethical barriers to full social participation. This chapter will therefore discuss the ethical dimension of stigma by defining\\u000a terms, discussing the existing literature on stigma related to mental illness, considering global patterns of stigma, and\\u000a examining stigma and human rights within psychiatric

Nisha Mehta; Graham Thornicroft

164

Mental Health Matters  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Mental Health Matters is a collection of various mental health articles which cover topics such as psychological disorders and treatments for mental illnesses. The site is easy to navigate and users can choose from disorders, symptoms, medications, and treatments. Once a visitor chooses a subfield from the homepage, they are provided with another set of choices which contain more specific information on the various main topics. The site is also designed so that users can search by disorder or category to find the appropriate information to answer their queries.

2007-08-13

165

Global Mental Health 1 No health without mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

About 14% of the global burden of disease has been attributed to neuropsychiatric disorders, mostly due to the chronically disabling nature of depression and other common mental disorders, alcohol-use and substance-use disorders, and psychoses. Such estimates have drawn attention to the importance of mental disorders for public health. However, because they stress the separate contributions of mental and physical disorders

Martin Prince; Vikram Patel; Shekhar Saxena; Mario Maj; Joanna Maselko; Michael R Phillips; Atif Rahman

166

Mental health practitioners. Old stereotypes and new realities.  

PubMed

Changes in the patterns of mental health care have led to shifts in the treatment roles of types of mental health personnel. The current contributions of mental health personnel in one geographic region were identified. Over 500 psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, psychiatric social workers, psychiatric nurses, and mental health workers responded to questionnaires covering their personal background, training and education, treatment roles, salary, and attitudes. Unexpected findings about these groups included their overall youthfulness, differences in religion, the high proportions of nurses and mental health workers with advanced degrees; and occupational ratings for families of origin. Despite differences in the types of psychotherapy provided, almost half of each group provided some formal psychotherapy. An important factor in the mental health field's "identity crisis" may be that these groups can no longer define themselves in terms of psychotherapy. PMID:7436687

Blum, J D; Redlich, F

1980-11-01

167

Perceived Mental Illness Stigma among Youth in Psychiatric Outpatient Treatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This research explores the experiences of mental illness stigma in 24 youth (58.3% male, 13-24 years, 75% Latino) in psychiatric outpatient treatment. Using Link and Phelan's (2001) model of stigmatization, we conducted thematic analysis of the interview texts, examining experiences of stigma at individual and structural levels, in addition to…

Elkington, Katherine S.; Hackler, Dusty; McKinnon, Karen; Borges, Cristiane; Wright, Eric R.; Wainberg, Milton L.

2012-01-01

168

Mental health services in the Arab world  

PubMed Central

This paper summarizes the current situation of mental health services in the Arab world. Out of 20 countries for which information is available, six do not have a mental health legislation and two do not have a mental health policy. Three countries (Lebanon, Kuwait and Bahrain) had in 2007 more than 30 psychiatric beds per 100,000 population, while two (Sudan and Somalia) had less than 5 per 100,000. The highest number of psychiatrists is found in Qatar, Bahrain and Kuwait, while seven countries (Iraq, Libya, Morocco, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen) have less than 0.5 psychiatrists for 100,000 population. The budget allowed for mental health as a percentage from the total health budget, in the few countries where information is available, is far below the range to promote mental health services. Some improvement has occurred in the last decade, but the mental health human resources and the attention devoted to mental health issues are still insufficient.

OKASHA, AHMED; KARAM, ELIE; OKASHA, TAREK

2012-01-01

169

Correlates of Mental Health among Latino Farmworkers in North Carolina  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Latino farmworkers are a vulnerable population who confront multiple threats to their mental health. Informed by the stress-process model of psychiatric disorder, the goal of this paper is to determine primary and context-specific stressors of poor mental health among Latino farmworkers. Methods: Structured interview data were obtained…

Crain, Rebecca; Grzywacz, Joseph G.; Schwantes, Melody; Isom, Scott; Quandt, Sara A.; Arcury, Thomas A.

2012-01-01

170

Psychiatry and the death penalty: Dilemma for mental health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

The arguments for and against mental health professionals' participation in death penalty proceedings are presented against the background of U.S. Supreme Court decisions which have had a bearing on this issue. It is concluded that the possibility of presenting mitigating psychologic testimony in such proceedings necessitates the possibility of exacerbating psychiatric testimony and that hence, mental health professionals who testify

Ebrahim J. Kermani; Sanford L. Drob

1988-01-01

171

The Prediction of Mental Health Service Use in Residential Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to characterize the clinical and psychosocial factors of residents living in psychiatric nursing homes, assess residents' levels of mental health service utilization, and examine the factors that predict the utilization of mental health services. Data were collected from 200 randomly selected residents with schizophrenia living in four intermediate care facilities. Fewer than 60% of

Rachel L. Anderson; John S. Lyons; Courtney West

2001-01-01

172

The health and wellbeing of mental health professionals.  

PubMed

We examine dimensions of job satisfaction, occupational burnout and general health of a sample of 123 mental health care professionals (psychiatric nurses and nursing assistants, and smaller professional groups such as social workers, occupational and recreational therapists and psychologists) employed at a large Canadian psychiatric hospital. Psychiatric nursing assistants exhibit more of the consequences of job-related stress (less job satisfaction, greater occupational burnout, greater incidence of negative physical and psychological symptoms of stress) relative to the other professional groups in the sample. This may be linked with their position within the hospital organization (having less authority and professional autonomy relative to the other groups), affecting their ability to cope with job-related problems and stresses experienced by all direct care workers. We examine attitudes of mental health professionals towards organized support groups at the hospital, which could provide one forum for the open discussion (and potential resolution) of job-related stresses and problems experienced in hospital settings. PMID:2282601

Hiscott, R D; Connop, P J

173

Mental Health, Racism, and Sexism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume, successor to the 1973 volume "Racism and Mental Health," presents a range of perspectives on mental health, prejudice, and discrimination. Contributors are of multiracial, multiethnic, and gender-diverse backgrounds. They use their existential experiences to analyze pressing mental health and mental illness issues. Contributions…

Willie, Charles V., Ed.; And Others

174

Rural Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Providing affordable and comprehensive metal health services for those who need these services is a tremendous challenge for the helping professions. The demand for services across the nation exceeds the ability of the mental health community to provide them. This is especially true for rural communities. DeLeon (2000) reported that even though 25% of the citizens of the United States

DAVID L. FENELL; ALAN J. HOVESTADT

175

Mental Health Issues  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines mental health issues among women of different sexual orientations. An anonymous survey was administered at 33 health care sites across the United States; the sample (N = 1304) included lesbians (n = 524), bisexual (n = 143) and heterosexual women (n = 637). Not only did sexual orientation influence the probability of experiencing emotional stress, but also

Audrey S. Koh; Leslie K. Ross

2006-01-01

176

Understanding Your Mental Health Insurance  

MedlinePLUS

... PDF version of this document . Insurance benefits for mental health services have changed a lot in recent years. ... health care. It is important to understand your mental health care coverage so that you can be an ...

177

Psychiatry and the Need for Mental Health Care in Australia: Findings from the National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This paper describes the pattern of consultations reported with psychiatrists and primary mental health care providers in the Australian adult population. It explores whether inequalities found in utilization of psychiatric services according to area are different in degree from inequalities in utilization of medical and surgical specialists, and describes the meeting of perceived needs for mental health care within

Graham Meadows; Bruce Singh; Philip Burgess; Irene Bobevski

2002-01-01

178

Effects of the community mental health centers program on the growth of mental health facilities in nonmetropolitan areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a quasi-experimental design, changes in the numbers of mental health facilities between 1964 and 1974 were examined for a sample of 50 nonmetropolitan catchment areas that established a Community Mental Health Center (CMHC) before January 1973 and a sample that did not. Compared to non-CMHC areas, CMHC areas had a slightly greater number of general hospital psychiatric units in

Jeffrey A. Buck

1984-01-01

179

Poverty and Mental Health in the Breadline Britain Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the difficulties in the research has long been the issue of 'drift'. This theory suggests that the greater proportion of psychiatric admissions from poorer areas and higher levels of observed psychiatric symptoms is the result of inward migration which is prompted by poor mental health, either due to decreasing income or to 'disintegration' which means that people with

Sarah Payne

180

Mental Health Stigma among Adolescents: Implications for School Social Workers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated adolescents with a mental health diagnosis and their experience of stigma in schools. Forty adolescents between the ages of twelve and seventeen who met DSM-IV criteria for a psychiatric illness and who were prescribed psychiatric medication were selected. The Teen Subjective Experience of Medication Interview was used to…

Kranke, Derrick; Floersch, Jerry

2009-01-01

181

Religiosity and mental health.  

PubMed

Mental health is not considered only as absence of mental disorders, but rather as the achievement of higher standards of available psychical potentials. True devotion and obedience to The God give the one a huge and incredible strength, constant source of spiritual emotional and moral energy, which is of help in resisting destructive and slavery attacks of the environment and its materialistic-consuming tendencies, as well as social and mental disruption. According to the opinion of numerous worldwide recognized mental health experts, humankind of today is confronted with a number of problems, which are the consequence of spiritual and moral-ethical degradation of human being. Therefore, religiosity became the field of interest of mental health researchers. The results of new studies undoubtedly indicate beneficial effects of religion on life and mental health in humans. Religiosity reduces tendencies for risky behaviour, impulsive reactions and aggression; it corrects tendencies towards psychopathic and paranoid behaviour, reduces converse, depressive and schizoid tendency, and provides successful overcome of emotional conflicts. In comparison to low-religious adolescents, the factors such as inner conflicts, frustration, fear, anxiety, psychological trauma, low self-esteem, unbalance of psychical homeostasis, emotional instability, and negative psychical energy are less present in highly religious adolescents and neutralized in a healthier and more efficient way. Beneficial impact of religion on mental health derives from precise cognitive-behavioural patterns, which provide a clear life orientation, solid basis and safe frames for personality development, assuring human to be continually on the way to achieve its own generic essence and reach its own maturity and self-actualization. PMID:16395848

Pajevi?, Izet; Sinanovi?, Osman; Hasanovi?, Mevludin

2005-06-01

182

Correlates of Child Mental Health and Mental Health Services Use.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This project was designed to present a method of identifying children (ages less than 21) with mental health conditions in the United States and to use those definitions to understand the utilization and expenditure patterns of children with mental health...

M. L. Ganz

2004-01-01

183

Invited commentaries on... Abortion and mental health disorders.  

PubMed

The finding that induced abortion is a risk factor for subsequent psychiatric disorder in some women raises important clinical and training issues for psychiatrists. It also highlights the necessity for developing evidence-based interventions for these women. P.C. / Evidence suggesting a modest increase in mental health problems after abortion does not support the prominence of psychiatric issues in the abortion debate, which is primarily moral and ethical not psychiatric or scientific. M.O. et al. PMID:19043145

Casey, Patricia; Oates, Margaret; Jones, Ian; Cantwell, Roch

2008-12-01

184

The mental health of prisoners  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health problems are the most significant cause of morbidity in prisons. Over 90% of prisoners have a mental disorder. The prison environment and the rules and regimes governing daily life inside prison can be seriously detrimental to mental health. Prisoners have received very poor health care and, until recently, the National Health Service (NHS) had no obligations to service

Luke Birmingham

2003-01-01

185

Mental Health Services for Children; Focus: The Community Mental Health Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need to help the emotionally disturbed is discussed with a focus on community mental health centers. Psychiatric services described are diagnosis, inpatient care, day care, outpatient care, emergency care, continuity of care and services, and care adjusted to age groupings ranging from infancy to adolescence. Aspects of the community goal of…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD. Center for Studies of Child and Family Mental Health.

186

Identifying Need for Mental Health Services in Substance Abuse Clients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Counselor detection of co-occurring disorders is critical to ensuring that clients with mental disorders entering substance abuse treatment receive appropriate care. This study sought to: (1) examine correspondence between client-reported psychiatric symptoms and client and counselor ratings of need for mental health treatment, and (2) explore client- and program-level characteristics associated with client and counselor underrating. Methods: Psychiatric symptoms

Amy A. Mericle; Cherie Martin; Deni Carise; Meghan Love

2012-01-01

187

Community-based mental health care in Africa: mental health workers' views  

PubMed Central

The World Health Organization (WHO) has for long proposed the development of community-based mental health services worldwide. However, the progress toward community mental health care in most African countries is still hampered by a lack of resources, with specialist psychiatric care essentially based in large, centrally located mental hospitals. It is again time to reconsider the direction of mental health care in Africa. Based on a small inquiry to a number of experienced mental health professionals in sub-Saharan Africa, we discuss what a community concept of mental health care might mean in Africa. There is a general agreement that mental health services should be integrated in primary health care. A critical issue for success of this model is perceived to be provision of appropriate supervision and continuing education for primary care workers. The importance of collaboration between modern medicine and traditional healers is stressed and the paper ends in a plea for WHO to take the initiative and develop mental health services according to the special needs and the socio-cultural conditions prevailing in sub-Saharan Africa.

ALEM, ATALAY; JACOBSSON, LARS; HANLON, CHARLOTTE

2008-01-01

188

Mental health problems in juvenile justice populations.  

PubMed

The limited literature on mental health problems in juvenile justice population has reported that most youth in juvenile justice hold psychiatric pathology. Although conduct disorder and substance abuse are the most prevalent conditions in this population, many other diagnoses can be found at alarmingly high rates; research on other diagnoses (eg, autism, psychosis) is limited. This finding underscores the necessity of implementing adequate diagnostic assessment within forensic settings and of developing interventions programs that take into account the presence of psychiatric problems. PMID:16527659

Vermeiren, Robert; Jespers, Ine; Moffitt, Terrie

2006-04-01

189

Utilization of Public Mental Health Services by Adults with Serious Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public mental health (MH) services were examined for non-elderly adults with serious mental illness (SMI) using a database combining information from Medicaid, MH, and substance abuse agencies in three states. These data show that between 23% and 39% of those with SMI received MH services only through Medicaid. Relative use of community versus state hospitals for delivery of psychiatric inpatient

Jeffrey A. Buck; Judith L. Teich; Linda Graver; Don Schroeder; Dian Zheng

2004-01-01

190

Selected Mental Health Audiovisuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are approximately 2,300 abstracts on audio-visual Materials--films, filmstrips, audiotapes, and videotapes--related to mental health. Each citation includes material title; name, address, and phone number of film distributor; rental and purchase prices; technical information; and a description of the contents. Abstracts are listed in…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.

191

Lifestyle and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Mental health professionals have significantly underestimated the importance of lifestyle factors (a) as contributors to and treatments for multiple psychopathologies, (b) for fostering individual and social well-being, and (c) for preserving and optimizing cognitive function. Consequently, therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLCs) are underutilized…

Walsh, Roger

2011-01-01

192

Lifestyle and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health professionals have significantly underestimated the importance of lifestyle factors (a) as contributors to and treatments for multiple psychopathologies, (b) for fostering individual and social well-being, and (c) for preserving and optimizing cognitive function. Consequently, therapeutic lifestyle changes (TLCs) are underutilized despite considerable evidence of their effectiveness in both clinical and normal populations. TLCs are sometimes as effective as

Roger Walsh

2011-01-01

193

Selected Mental Health Audiovisuals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are approximately 2,300 abstracts on audio-visual Materials--films, filmstrips, audiotapes, and videotapes--related to mental health. Each citation includes material title; name, address, and phone number of film distributor; rental and purchase prices; technical information; and a description of the contents. Abstracts are listed in…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Rockville, MD.

194

Mental Health Treatment Program Locator  

MedlinePLUS

... County or Zip By Name Other Links State Mental Health Agencies Frequently Asked Questions Links Comments or Questions ... a Facility in Your State To locate the mental health treatment programs nearest you, find your State on ...

195

Measuring observed mental state in acute psychiatric inpatients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Relationships within acute psychiatric units between patient-level experiences and events and fluctuations in mental state\\u000a have rarely been examined.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Aim  Data from a multi-centre service evaluation (11 units, 5,546 admissions) were used to examine mental state patterns and associations\\u000a with clinical characteristics, events and adverse incidents.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  During the 12-month evaluation period, nursing staff completed shift-level ratings using a new rating scale,

Ketrina A. Sly; Terry J. Lewin; Vaughan J. Carr; Agatha M. Conrad; Martin Cohen; Srinivasan Tirupati; Philip B. Ward; Tim Coombs

2009-01-01

196

Defining 'Mental Illness' In Mental Health Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: Mental health policy is shaped,fundamentally,by the definition of mental,ill- ness associated,with the policy. Changing policies reflect changing,definitions. At various times, the definition may be narrow or broad with respect to the scope of conditions cov- ered by a specific policy. The priority accorded,to impairment,severity is the most crucial and enduring policy issue related to the definition of mental illness

Howard H. Goldman; Gerald N. Grob

2006-01-01

197

Do psychiatric inpatients know their rights? A re-audit on information given to inpatients at a London mental health trust about their rights and admission to hospital.  

PubMed

This re-audit assessed whether wards at South West London and St Georges' mental health trust (SWLSTG) met agreed standards regarding informing inpatients about their legal status in hospital and rights, following an initial audit in 2009. Three general adult wards were re-audited, and other general and specialist wards (addictions, eating disorders, deaf services and obsessive compulsive disorder) were added. One hundred and five people (61 informal, 44 detained under the Mental Health Act 1983, revised 2007) on 10 wards were interviewed using an agreed proforma. The re-audit of wards A-C showed improvement: 81.3% of informal inpatients were aware of their legal status, versus 54.2% in 2009 (P = 0.101). Including new wards D-K, 90.2% knew their status (P = 0.0002). Of the informal patients, 65.6% knew they could refuse treatment (P = 0.0184) (on wards A-C, 68.8%, P = 0.105) versus 37.5% in 2009. Despite some improvement, the patient experience of informal admission or detention in hospital still sometimes crosses legal boundaries. This audit highlights the need to improve awareness of patient rights and demonstrated how local presentation of audit improves practice. PMID:22399028

Lomax, G Alice; Raphael, Frances; Pagliero, James; Patel, Rupal

2011-11-30

198

Mental health crisis in California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last 30 years, California dejure (legislated) mental health policy has been based on deinstitutionalization and outpatient\\u000a care through community mental health systems. But by the end of the 1970s, there was a growing concern over whether deinstitutionalization\\u000a had successfully occurred, whether community mental health systems had failed and whether mental health systems had ever been\\u000a adequately funded. In

Donna R. Kemp

1991-01-01

199

Mental Health Program Reports - 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The volume is reported to reflect the broad range of National Institute of Mental Health activities in areas of research, development of mental health manpower, and delivery of mental health services. Twenty papers examine, respectively, relationship of life histories and biochemistry of siblings and twins to schizophrenia, training of Navaho…

Segal, Julius, Ed.

200

Mental Health Program Reports - 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The volume is reported to reflect the broad range of National Institute of Mental Health activities in areas of research, development of mental health manpower, and delivery of mental health services. Twenty papers examine, respectively, relationship of life histories and biochemistry of siblings and twins to schizophrenia, training of Navaho…

Segal, Julius, Ed.

201

The HIV mental health spectrum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growing mental health needs that are related to HIV are immense and diverse. The HIV mental health spectrum is a model that identifies and characterizes populations in need of HIV-related services which can be offered by Community Mental Health Centers. The spectrum describes the specialized service requirements for each of these populations, the challenges in providing these services, and

Michael D. Knox; Maryann Davis; Martha A. Friedrich

1994-01-01

202

Referral patterns to a mental health of intellectual disability team  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – People with an intellectual disability are at an increased risk of developing a mental illness. An estimated 50 per cent develop a significant psychiatric problem at some point in their lives. Since the shifting trend to treat and manage individuals in the community setting, there are concerns over the lack of guidance of how intellectual disability mental health

Ali Ajaz; Mo Eyeoyibo

2011-01-01

203

Mental health in the tropics.  

PubMed

Although problems in mental health constitute 14% of the global burden of disease, mental health has been largely missing from the international health agenda. The burden from mental illness is largely attributable to the chronically disabling nature of depression and other common mental disorders, alcohol-use and substance-use disorders, and psychoses. The last decade has seen some progress in addressing this gap. In 2001, the World Health Report, Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope, drew attention to the situation, with an appeal from the World Health Organization's Director General that 'mental health - neglected for far too long - is crucial to the overall well-being of individuals, societies and countries and must be universally regarded in a new light.' In September 2007, the journal Lancet launched the global mental health series, which highlighted the public-health dimension of mental health, identified barriers to receiving treatment, and gave a call for action to the nations of the world, to make a major commitment to upgrade the quality of mental-health services, to develop evidence-based treatment and preventive measures, to provide support for research in mental health, and to develop indicators to monitor progress. In October 2008, the World Health Organization launched the Mental Health Gap Action Programme, with the aim of scaling up the services for mental, neurological and substance-use disorders in all countries but especially those with low and middle incomes. The programme aims to develop evidence-based packages of care, psycho-social interventions and pharmacotherapy for tens of millions who could be treated for depression, schizophrenia and epilepsy, prevented from suicide, and begin to lead normal lives - even in very poor countries. While there is cause for optimism, much remains to be done. Most of all, there needs to be awareness amongst health providers and planners that mental health is an integral part of general health concerns, and that there can be no health without mental health. PMID:19208294

Rahman, A; Prince, M

2009-03-01

204

[Development of the community mental health system and activities of the community mental health team in Kawasaki City].  

PubMed

Since the 1960s, Kawasaki City has been leading the nation in its efforts regarding community mental health practices. Public institutions such as the Psychiatric Rehabilitation Center in the central area of the city and the Mental Health and Welfare Center in the southern area have mainly developed the psychiatric rehabilitation system. However, since 2000, new mental health needs have emerged, as the target of mental health and welfare services has been diversified to include people with developmental disorders, higher brain dysfunction, or social withdrawal, in addition to those with schizophrenia. Therefore, Kawasaki City's plan for community-based rehabilitation was drawn up, which makes professional support available for individuals with physical, intellectual, and mental disabilities. As the plan was being implemented, in 2008, the Northern Community Rehabilitation Center was established by both the public and private sectors in partnership. After the community mental health teams were assigned to both southern and northern areas of the city, the community partnership has been developed not only for individual support but also for other objectives that required the partnership. Takeshima pointed out that the local community should be inclusive of the psychiatric care in the final stage of community mental health care in Japan. Because of the major policies regarding people with disabilities, the final stage has been reached in the northern area of Kawasaki City. This also leads to improvement in measures for major issues in psychiatry, such as suicide prevention and intervention in psychiatric disease at an early stage. PMID:22712214

Ito, Masato

2012-01-01

205

Mental Health and Emergency Medicine: A Research Agenda  

PubMed Central

The burden of mental illness is profound and growing. Coupled with large gaps in extant psychiatric services, this mental health burden has often forced emergency departments (EDs) to become the de facto primary and acute care provider of mental health care in the United States. An expanded emergency medical and mental health research agenda is required to meet the need for improved education, screening, surveillance, and ED-initiated interventions for mental health problems. As an increasing fraction of undiagnosed and untreated psychiatric patients passes through the revolving doors of U.S. EDs, the opportunities for improving the art and science of acute mental health care have never been greater. These opportunities span macroepidemiologic surveillance research to intervention studies with individual patients. Feasible screening, intervention, and referral programs for mental health patients presenting to general EDs are needed. Additional research is needed to improve the quality of care, including the attitudes, abilities, interests, and virtues of ED providers. Research that optimizes provider education and training can help academic settings validate psychosocial issues as core components and responsibilities of emergency medicine. Transdisciplinary research with federal partners and investigators in neuropsychiatry and related fields can improve the mechanistic understanding of acute mental health problems. To have lasting impact, however, advances in ED mental health care must be translated into real-world policies and sustainable program enhancements to assure the uptake of best practices for ED screening, treatment, and management of mental disorders and psychosocial problems.

Larkin, Gregory Luke; Beautrais, Annette L.; Spirito, Anthony; Kirrane, Barbara M.; Lippmann, Melanie J.; Milzman, David P.

2013-01-01

206

The roots of the concept of mental health  

PubMed Central

This paper reviews the origins of the current concept of mental health, starting from the mental hygiene movement, initiated in 1908 by consumers of psychiatric services and professionals interested in improving the conditions and the quality of treatment of people with mental disorders. The paper argues that, more than a scientific discipline, mental health is a political and ideological movement involving diverse segments of society, interested in the promotion of the human rights of people with mental disorders and the quality of their treatment.

BERTOLOTE, JOSE

2008-01-01

207

School Mental Health Resources and Adolescent Mental Health Service Use  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Although schools are identified as critical for detecting youth mental disorders, little is known about whether the number of mental health providers and types of resources that they offer influence student mental health service use. Such information could inform the development and allocation of appropriate school-based resources to…

Green, Jennifer Greif; McLaughlin, Katie A.; Alegria, Margarita; Costello, E. Jane; Gruber, Michael J.; Hoagwood, Kimberly; Leaf, Philip J.; Olin, Serene; Sampson, Nancy A.; Kessler, Ronald C.

2013-01-01

208

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE CURRENT STATUS OF MENTAL ILLNESS IN BENDEL STATE OF NIGERIA: IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC MENTAL HEALTH POLICY AND EDUCATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This descriptive study assesses the current status of mental illness in Bendel State of Nigeria to determine its implications for mental health policy and education. It is a study of the demographic characteristics of psychiatric patients in the only two modern western psychiatric facilities in Bendel State, the various treatment modalities utilized for mental illness, and the people's choice of

KENNETH AUDU OYAREBU

1982-01-01

209

Addressing Tri?Morbidity (Hepatitis C, Psychiatric Disorders, and Substance Use): The Importance of Routine Mental Health Screening as a Component of a Comanagement Model of Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Recent studies suggest that most patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection commonly present to medical clinics with active psychiatric and substance use disorders. However, routine screening for these disorders is generally not done. Objectives. The purpose of our study was to assess prospectively the frequency of psychiatric and substance use disorders in patients presenting for initial assessment of

Marian Fireman; Aaron Blackwell; Peter Hauser

2005-01-01

210

Mental Health and Maori Development?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The objective of this paper is to illustrate trends in Maori health, examine earlier health policies and to suggest avenues for improved mental health.Method: Several sources of historical and contemporary data have been reviewed and there has been some analysis of mental health policies as they relate to Maori. The interplay between culture, socioeconomic circumstances and personal health has

Mason Durie

1999-01-01

211

Considerations in the design of mental health benefits under National Health Insurance.  

PubMed Central

The existing insurance coverage for mental health benefits provides incentives for hospital as compared with community care and reinforces a medical approach to psychological disability. Moreover, the structure of benefits favors the affluent as compared with the disadvantaged and provides little assistance for the community integration of the chronic mental patient. In considering mental health benefits under National Health Insurance we must be careful to avoid reinforcing these patterns. It is suggested that NHI include a mental health resource development fund intended for building a stronger network of community mental health care and that the pattern of insurance benefits under NHI be consistent with developing psychiatric services on a capitation basis.

Mechanic, D

1978-01-01

212

Mental Health and Stress  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This project collects resources for studying mental health and stress issues with middle schoolers. Teens and stress Science NetLinks: The Laughing Brain 2: A Good Laugh Dealing with anger Stress-o-meter Look at each of the above sites. Choose one and read the content. Write a one-paragraph summary. Play interactive games and take quizzes. Keep a log of what you do. Tell which site you liked best and why. ...

Falconer, Mrs.

2007-03-18

213

HIV Risk Behavior in Persons with Severe Mental Disorders in a Psychiatric Hospital in Ogun, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background: Few studies in Nigeria have investigated HIV risk behavior among persons with severe mental disorders. This study examined HIV risk behavior and associated factors among patients receiving treatment at a Nigerian psychiatric hospital. Aim: To determine the HIV risk behavior in persons with severe mental disorders in a psychiatric hospital. Subjects and Methods: This was a cross-sectional survey involving 102 persons with serious mental disorders receiving treatment at a major psychiatric facility in Southwestern Nigeria. HIV risk screening instrument was self-administered to assess HIV risk behavior. A questionnaire was used to elicit socio-demographic variables while alcohol use was assessed with the alcohol use disorder identification test. Differences in HIV risk levels were examined for statistical significance using Chi square test. Results: Forty eight percent of the respondents engaged in HIV risk behavior. This study revealed that 10.8% (11/102) gave a history of sexually transmitted disease, 5.9% (6/102) reported sex trading and no reports of intravenous drug use was obtained. A single risk factor was reported by 19.6% (20/102), 12.7% (13/102) reported two risk factors and 15.7% (16/102) reported three or more risk factors. HIV risk behavior was significantly related to alcohol use (P = 0.03). Conclusion: Mental health services provide an important context for HIV/AIDS interventions in resource-constrained countries like Nigeria.

Abayomi, O; Adelufosi, A; Adebayo, P; Ighoroje, M; Ajogbon, D; Ogunwale, A

2013-01-01

214

The challenge of gun control for mental health advocates.  

PubMed

Mass shootings, such as the 2012 Newtown massacre, have repeatedly led to political discourse about limiting access to guns for individuals with serious mental illness. Although the political climate after such tragic events poses a considerable challenge to mental health advocates who wish to minimize unsympathetic portrayals of those with mental illness, such media attention may be a rare opportunity to focus attention on risks of victimization of those with serious mental illness and barriers to obtaining psychiatric care. Current federal gun control laws may discourage individuals from seeking psychiatric treatment and describe individuals with mental illness using anachronistic, imprecise, and gratuitously stigmatizing language. This article lays out potential talking points that may be useful after future gun violence. (Journal of Psychiatric Practice 2013;19:410-412). PMID:24042247

Pandya, Anand

2013-09-01

215

Brief Report: Job Satisfaction Among Mental Health Professionals in Rome, Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although various surveys on job satisfaction have been performed in mental health care settings, no studies have investigated in-depth the level of satisfaction with the various aspects of work in Italian mental health services. In the present study, all clinical mental health staff working in a large psychiatric catchment area in Rome were invited to anonymously complete a previously validated

Antonella Gigantesco; Angelo Picardi; Elvira Chiaia; Andrea Balbi; Pierluigi Morosini

2003-01-01

216

The NIMH Blueprint for Change Report: Research Priorities in Child and Adolescent Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The National Institute of Mental Health established a special subgroup of its National Advisory Mental Health Council to review major research findings on child and adolescent psychiatric disorders over the past decade and to recommend research priorities for the next decade. This Workgroup on Child and Adolescent Mental Health Intervention Development and Deployment published its report, titled Blueprint for Change:

KIMBERLY HOAGWOOD; S. SERENE OLIN

2002-01-01

217

What Is Infant Mental Health?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Unfortunately, the term "infant mental health" can be confusing for some people because it may be understood as translating into "mental illness." Others may not appreciate that babies and toddlers have the capacity to experience complex emotions. The Guest Editors of this issue of the Journal explore the meaning of infant mental health.|

Osofsky, Joy D.; Thomas, Kandace

2012-01-01

218

Mental Health, United States, 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document presents timely statistical information on the nation's organized mental health service delivery system. Included are: (1) "Chronic Mental Disorder in the United States" (Howard H. Goldman and Ronald W. Manderscheid); (2) "Specialty Mental Health System Characteristics" (Michael J. Witkin, Joanne E. Atay, Adele S. Fell, and Ronald…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.

219

[Psychiatry and mental health in Morocco].  

PubMed

Morocco has a population of some thirty million inhabitants, a very large proportion of whom are young. Mental health and psychiatry are dealt with jointly by the university, public, private, and military sectors. Despite significant progress in the last twenty years, there are still no more than 350 psychiatrists in Morocco (thirty years ago there were fewer than ten...), plus about 60 clinical psychologists, about 400 nurses specializing in psychiatry, and social workers. There are about 1900 psychiatric beds in both specialized hospitals and general hospital psychiatry units located in the main cities. In the teaching sector there are currently four university psychiatry departments, with a total of five full professors, six associate professors and five assistant professors. The National Mental Health Program, launched in 1974 and revised in 1994, was not properly implemented. Several NGOs also work in psychiatry and mental health, including the League for Mental Health and five patient associations. A national survey of the prevalence of mental disorders, completed in 2003 but only made public in 2007, represented a watershed for psychiatry in Morocco: 48.9% of a sample of 5600 persons representative of the general population were found to have a mental disorder, and 26.5% of respondents were depressed. This survey is an invaluable reference for years to come, helping to match mental healthcare provision with real needs. Research activity has also progressed since the early 1980s, as reflected by the number and quality of publications in the different fields, including epidemiology, biological psychiatry, social psychiatry, psychopharmacology and clinical psychopathology. Cultural aspects are a special research focus (suicide and religion, cannabis use, traditional treatments, etc.). International university collaboration has been especially important for Moroccan research. However, despite major progress over the last three decades in the fields of psychiatry and mental health, much remains to be done, notably to bolster child and adolescent psychiatry, and to manage mental illness in small towns and villages, including in the remotest regions. PMID:18225431

Moussaoui, Driss

220

Brief Interventions for Patients Presenting to the Psychiatric Emergency Service (PES) with Major Mental Illnesses and At-risk Drinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presentation for care in psychiatric emergency setting provides an opportunity to assist individuals with mental health\\u000a disorders and problems related to alcohol use. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether clinician-administered\\u000a brief alcohol interventions are effective in reducing alcohol consumption in patients who screen positive for at-risk drinking\\u000a in the psychiatric emergency setting. A total of

Karen K. Milner; Kristen L. Barry; Frederic C. Blow; Deborah Welsh

2010-01-01

221

The Need for Mental Health Promotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine the concept and evidence for mental health promotion, within an understanding of mental health and mental illness and their determinants.Method: Aselective review of literature and opinion in the fields of public health and mental health.Results: Mental health and mental illness are often given a low priority, despite growing evidence of the burden of disease and costs to

Helen Herrman

2001-01-01

222

Geriatric mental health: An overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

The well-being of older adults is a major social and health concern in the United States. Of particular import is the mental health of the expanding older adult population. Older adults often receive inadequate or inappropriate mental health services. Provision of appropriate, efficacious care is a challenge because of the complexity of determining the differential diagnosis of health problems in

Diana Lynn Morris

2001-01-01

223

Mental Health, United States, 1992.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Data presented in the fifth edition of 'Mental Health, United States' derive principally from national surveys. For the first time, the volume includes a chapter that highlights the characteristics of seriously mentally ill persons in the household popula...

R. W. Manderscheid M. A. Sonnenschein

1992-01-01

224

The Mental Health Aspects of Health Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides an overview of the mental health system as it relates to the general health system and especially as it relates to overall health planning under the National Health Planning and Resources Development Act. There is a need for the staff persons of the health planning agencies and the staff persons of local and state mental

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

225

Psychedelics and Mental Health: A Population Study  

PubMed Central

Background The classical serotonergic psychedelics LSD, psilocybin, mescaline are not known to cause brain damage and are regarded as non-addictive. Clinical studies do not suggest that psychedelics cause long-term mental health problems. Psychedelics have been used in the Americas for thousands of years. Over 30 million people currently living in the US have used LSD, psilocybin, or mescaline. Objective To evaluate the association between the lifetime use of psychedelics and current mental health in the adult population. Method Data drawn from years 2001 to 2004 of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health consisted of 130,152 respondents, randomly selected to be representative of the adult population in the United States. Standardized screening measures for past year mental health included serious psychological distress (K6 scale), mental health treatment (inpatient, outpatient, medication, needed but did not receive), symptoms of eight psychiatric disorders (panic disorder, major depressive episode, mania, social phobia, general anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, posttraumatic stress disorder, and non-affective psychosis), and seven specific symptoms of non-affective psychosis. We calculated weighted odds ratios by multivariate logistic regression controlling for a range of sociodemographic variables, use of illicit drugs, risk taking behavior, and exposure to traumatic events. Results 21,967 respondents (13.4% weighted) reported lifetime psychedelic use. There were no significant associations between lifetime use of any psychedelics, lifetime use of specific psychedelics (LSD, psilocybin, mescaline, peyote), or past year use of LSD and increased rate of any of the mental health outcomes. Rather, in several cases psychedelic use was associated with lower rate of mental health problems. Conclusion We did not find use of psychedelics to be an independent risk factor for mental health problems.

Krebs, Teri S.; Johansen, Pal-?rjan

2013-01-01

226

Rethinking mental health: a European WHO perspective.  

PubMed

In spite of recent clinical and research advances, an increased burden of mortality and morbidity related to stress and mental ill health can be noted, especially in European societies and populations undergoing stressful transitions and dramatic changes. A societal syndrome, consisting of depression, suicide, abuse, risk-taking and violent behaviour as well as vascular morbidity and mortality, can be observed, reflecting individual psychopathology related to disturbances of the serotonin metabolism as one of the oldest, most basic cerebral instruments of mankind to survive, to socialize, to cope with stress and danger. In a time where mental health professionals look for new and challenging identities, they have a tendency to abdicate from social psychiatric and public health activities in favour of more prestigious positions in brain research, genetics or advanced psychotherapy. A redefinition, reconceptualization and renaissance of social psychiatry seems timely and necessary, responding to the burden, advances and possibilities related to mental health we find today. It should proceed from the reductionism which often has characterized earlier psychosocial and social psychiatric approaches, utilize modern knowledge about neuroplasticity, psychoimmunology, neuropsychology and neurophilosophy, reflect the interaction between environment and structure, nature and nurture, and integrate different areas of knowledge in a holistic public mental health approach. Political decisions and societal solutions can be more or less in line with basic human preconditions. Consequences of failure to respect this already can be seen. A new awareness and responsibility-taking with regard to basic human ethological, physiological, psychological and existential conditions is needed and has to be concretized in innovative public mental health approaches. PMID:16946915

Rutz, Wolfgang

2003-06-01

227

Coordination: Health Planning and Community Mental Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Similarities between health systems agencies (HSA's) and community mental health centers (CMHC's) and incentives for coordination between the two types of agencies are reviewed. Because of rising health care costs and greater limitations on health care re...

B. R. Hagebak

1979-01-01

228

A critical review of the use in New South Wales mental health services of the principles of psychiatric epidemiology to guide the setting of clinical priorities, resource allocation and outcomes evaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The development of mental health services in Australia and internationally is entering a new era. Due to landmark reports by the World Health Organisation (1996) and the Office of the Surgeon General of the United States, Dr David Satcher (1999) the area of mental illness has been given a much higher priority within health generally. In Australia the National Health

Paul Fanning

2001-01-01

229

Mental health monopoly: Corporate trends in mental health services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past 30 years, a number of important changes have occured in the mental health system. This paper examines the origins and effects of these changes, utilizing a political-economic framework. Three main areas are emphasized: the increasing absorption of mental health care into the health care system in general; the ways in which care has been transferred away from

Phil Brown; Elizabeth Cooksey

1989-01-01

230

Mental health access to care in Missouri.  

PubMed

Mental illnesses are a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States, affecting, in some estimates, up to one in four adults or 57.7 million people. Severe psychiatric disorders, like schizophrenia, bipolar and major depression occur in one in seventeen Americans. Moreover, serious mental illnesses affect children at rates approaching 10%. Addictive disorders co-occurring with other mental illnesses affect over five million adults. The direct cost of these illnesses is high, totaling 16 billion dollars per year; dwarfed by the indirect costs of loss productivity which is four times as much. Individuals diagnosed with mental disorders have significantly higher rates of school dropout, homelessness, incarceration, and suicide. Embedded in these statistics is a concerning fact; access to care for those with psychiatric disorders is poor, with only one-third of adults and half the children diagnosed receiving care in any given year. These numbers are worse if the person is a racial or ethnic minority. This paper hopes to highlight the state of mental health treatment first in the United States and then in our state of Missouri. The news is sobering but there are pockets of good news as well. PMID:23362651

Shoyinka, Sosunmolu; Lauriello, John

231

[Cytogenetic study of 257 mentally deficient patients in psychiatric hospitals].  

PubMed

Cytogenetic survey of 257 mentally retarded individuals. A cytogenetic inquiry was undertaken among 257 patients with mental retardation of two psychiatric hospitals. 25 patients show chromosomes anomalies (10%). We found: --18 trisomy 21 (Down's syndrome); --3 sexual chromosome anomalies: 47, XYY syndrome; 47, XYY/46, XY mosaïcism; 47, XXY, or Klinefelter syndrom; --1 partial delection of long arm of chromosome number 18 (46, XX, 18 q--); --3 translocations; 45, XX, t (1, 13) (p 36, q 11); 46, XX, t (5 p--, 18 p+) (p 12, p 11); 46, XY, t (9, 19) (q 21, p 18). We also found 9 large Y chromosomes (46, XY q+), 8 cases of variant chromosomes, 1 case with chromosomes associations..., we report a case of masculine Turner phenotype or Noonan syndrom. PMID:135524

Bourgeois, M; Bénézech, M; Tournier-Zerbid, N; Constant-Boy, M; Benazet-Rissou, J

1975-11-01

232

The Mental Health Aspects of Health Planning.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There is need for both the staff persons and governing body members of the health planning agencies and the staff persons and board members of local and state mental health agencies to have a clearer notion of the mental health aspects of health planning ...

1977-01-01

233

Mental health care in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

Germany turned towards community-based mental health care in the mid seventies, during a general climate of social and political\\u000a reform. The continuing deinstitutionalisation process and the implementation of community mental health services was considerably\\u000a affected by the reunification of East and West Germany in 1990, which required dramatic changes in the structure and quality\\u000a of the mental health care system

Hans Joachim Salize; Wulf Rössler; Thomas Becker

2007-01-01

234

Mental health services in Army primary care: the need for a collaborative health care agenda.  

PubMed

Epidemiologic studies have shown that more than half of mentally ill patients in the United States receive their psychiatric care exclusively in primary care settings. This fraction may be even higher in the military due to concern over possible occupational repercussions resulting from use of specialty psychiatric care and specialist shortages. Collaboration between generalists and mental health care specialists could potentially improve mental health care delivery and reduce psychiatric disability for a large segment of the Army population who have a psychiatric disorder but may not seek specialty care. Collaborative efforts can reinforce military generalists' essential gate-keeping function, thereby decreasing unnecessary medical utilization and health care costs. The authors review the problems associated with mental health care delivery in primary care and provide examples of collaborative models previously studied or currently being explored. A four-part Army Primary Care-Mental Health Services Agenda is proposed, consisting of: (1) coordinated research including primary care-mental health services research and community-based epidemiologic studies; (2) formation of a primary care-mental health services advisory committee for aiding with policy and program development; (3) graduate and continuing medical education in primary care-mental health services emphasizing interdisciplinary collaborative skills; and (4) clinical implementation of feasible collaborative interdisciplinary mental health care models adapted to the range of unique Army primary care settings. The main goal of the Army Primary Care-Mental Health Services Agenda is to improve access to Army mental health care in the most efficacious and cost-effective way and to help minimize the organizational impact of disability related to psychosocial distress. PMID:8041464

Engel, C C; Kroenke, K; Katon, W J

1994-03-01

235

Georgia mental health country profile.  

PubMed

This article is on the mental health of the population of Georgia describing context and mental health needs, extrinsic and intrinsic influences on mental health in the country, and health and social services for people with mental health problems and mental illnesses. The mental health profile of Georgia has been compiled with the help of an instrument developed by the International Consortium on Mental Health. Georgia is one of the former republics of the USSR with a population of about 4.5 million people. Political, social and economic changes have led to wide scale social stress in Georgia in recent years and to related psychosocial and behavioural problems. Difficult economic conditions and internal displacement are thought to be key contributory factors to the three-fold increase in suicide experienced during the decade following independence. Georgia has produced a written mental health policy. However, its implementation is hampered by the lack of resources, training and community awareness. The Government has passed a Mental Health Act, but this is also ineffective at present due to a lack of staff, financing and appropriate facilities. PMID:15276943

Sharashidze, Manana; Naneishvili, George; Silagadze, Temuri; Begiashvili, Archil; Sulaberidze, Beso; Beria, Zurab

236

Perspectives: A Mental Health Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Perspectives, provided by Mental Health Net, is a quarterly online magazine devoted to mental health. It features short (usually less than 2,000 word) articles about all aspects of its topic. The Vol. 1, No. 4 issue contains articles on Prozac, loneliness, and managed care, among others. It also includes a regular column on "Being Human." Archives are available at the site, as are submission guidelines. Mental Health Net is a well known "comprehensive guide to mental health online," with pointers to resources in the field, arranged by topic and resource type.

1996-01-01

237

Mental health services in Israel: current state and future directions.  

PubMed

This paper reviews the current state of Israel's mental health system during a period when it may be possible to bring about significant change. It analyses its strengths and weaknesses, including the heavy influence of the psychiatric hospital and the lack of necessary community programs. The author stresses the need for an integrated planning process, based upon a vision of what the mental health system should look like and who it should be serving, and discusses how this process could occur. PMID:8270388

Kates, N

1993-01-01

238

Mental Health in the Workplace: Situation Analyses, Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

[From Introduction] Mental health problems are among the most important contributors to the global burden of disease and disability. Of the ten leading causes of disability worldwide, five are psychiatric conditions: unipolar depression, alcohol use, bipolar affective disorder (manic depression), schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder.\\u000aThe burden of mental disorders on health and productivity throughout the world has long been profoundly

Marjo-Riitta Liimatainen

2000-01-01

239

Youth with substance abuse and comorbid mental health disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with co-occurring disorders (CODs) have a substance use disorder (SUD) and at least one other mental health diagnosis.\\u000a Many patients with a non-SUD mental health diagnosis also have an SUD, whereas most patients with SUDs have other co-occurring\\u000a psychiatric disorders. Recognition is growing regarding the importance of identifying and treating CODs. This article reviews\\u000a the magnitude of CODs, theories

Christopher A. Lamps; Aradhana B. Sood; Rishi Sood

2008-01-01

240

The Ecology of Mental Health Care in Taiwan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper applied the ecology model of general medical care by White et al. to analysis of mental health services utilization within the National Health Insurance in Taiwan. The ambulatory and inpatient claims of a 200,000-person cohort in 2001 were analyzed. The yearly and monthly prevalence estimates included psychotropic drug prescription, diagnosis of mental disorders, psychiatric ambulatory visit and admission, community

Li-Fang Chou

2006-01-01

241

Discrimination and mental health in Ecuadorian immigrants in Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background:The aim of this study was to examine the effects of ethnic discrimination on the mental health of Ecuadorian immigrants in Spain and to assess the roles of material and social resources.Methods:Data were taken from the “Neighbourhood characteristics, immigration and mental health” survey conducted in 2006 in Spain. Psychological distress measured as “Possible Psychiatric Case” (PPC) was measured by the

A Llácer; J Del Amo; A García-Fulgueiras; V Ibáñez-Rojo; R García-Pino; I Jarrín; D Díaz; A Fernández-Liria; V García-Ortuzar; L Mazarrasa; M A Rodríguez-Arenas; M V Zunzunegui

2009-01-01

242

The ecology of mental health care in Taiwan.  

PubMed

This paper applied the ecology model of general medical care by White et al. to analysis of mental health services utilization within the National Health Insurance in Taiwan. The ambulatory and inpatient claims of a 200,000-person cohort in 2001 were analyzed. The yearly and monthly prevalence estimates included psychotropic drug prescription, diagnosis of mental disorders, psychiatric ambulatory visit and admission, community psychiatric rehabilitation, and certificate of chronic psychosis. The results revealed one-fourth of people had received psychotropic drugs during the year, mostly from non-psychiatrists. Besides, the elderly might be excessively exposed to psychotropic drugs, and community rehabilitation programs were underutilized. PMID:16625305

Chou, Li-Fang

2006-07-01

243

Mental Health Work in Prisons and JailsInmate Adjustment and Indigenous Correctional Personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health efforts in prisons and jails most often ignore the mental illness prevention capabilities of main-line correctional personnel. By focusing on inmates with drug dependencies or severe psychiatric disorders, traditional mental health services have failed to come to grips with the problems created for “normal inmates” by the conditions of confinement. This article argues that indigenous correctional personnel might

LUCIEN X. LOMBARDO

1985-01-01

244

Implementation of Social Services for the Chronically Mentally ill in a Polish Mental Health District: Consequences for Service Use and Costs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: In accordance with the mental health reform in Poland, from 1970 to 1980 the following mental health facilities were established within the general health system in the Warsaw District of Targowek: general hospital psychiatric ward, day hospital, outpatient clinic (OC), and community mobile team (CMT) with some procedures of assertive community treatment (ACT). In 1998 (according to the Mental

Maria Zaluska; Dorota Suchecka; Zofia Traczewska; Jolanta Paszko

245

Attitudes of college students toward mental illness stigma and the misuse of psychiatric medications  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE Mental illness stigma remains a significant barrier to treatment. However, the recent increase in the medical and non-medical use of prescription psychiatric medications among college students seems to contradict this phenomenon. This study explored students’ attitudes and experiences related to psychiatric medications, as well as correlates of psychiatric medication misuse (i.e., attitudes towards mental illness and beliefs about the efficacy of psychiatric medications). METHOD Data were collected anonymously via self-report questionnaires from April 2008 to February 2009. Measures included the Michigan Alcohol Screening Test, Drug Abuse Screening Test, Day’s Mental Illness Stigma Scale, Attitudes Toward Psychiatric Medication Scale, and the Psychiatric Medication Attitudes Scale. Participants included 383 university students (59.2% female), recruited on campus or through online classes. RESULTS Results showed high rates of psychiatric medication misuse when compared to rates of medical use. Participants reported believing that the majority of students who use prescription psychotropics do so non-medically. In addition, less-stigmatized attitudes toward mental illness were correlated with both increased beliefs about the treatability of mental illness and increased misuse of psychiatric medications. Conversely, more stigmatized beliefs were associated with negative views toward psychiatric medication, as well as decreased likelihood of abuse. CONCLUSION Results suggest the need for improved education regarding the nature of mental illness, the appropriate use of psychiatric medications, and the potential consequences associated with abuse of these potent drugs.

Stone, Amanda M.; Merlo, Lisa J.

2010-01-01

246

Experiences in Rural Mental Health. VI; Programming School Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based on a North Carolina feasibility study (1967-73) which focused on development of a pattern for providing comprehensive mental health services to rural people, this guide deals with programming school mental health in Vance and Franklin counties. Detailing both successes and failures, this booklet presents the following program activities:…

Hollister, William G.; And Others

247

Community mental health centers and community mental health ideology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the adherence of two community mental health center staffs to community mental health ideology, as measured by the Baker-Schulberg CMHI Scale, was conducted. The results for equivalent populations were the same as those of the only previously reported study, indicating the CMHI Scale is a reliable, useful research tool. Significant relationships were found between scores and a)

Robert D. Langston

1970-01-01

248

Sexual Health Education: A Psychiatric Resident's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: This report discusses psychiatric residents' perceptions of sexual health education and their opinions regarding curricular improvements. Methods: An anonymous, web-based survey was sent to residents in one general psychiatry program (N = 33). The response rate was 69.7%. Results: Residents reported inadequate experience in multiple…

Waineo, Eva; Arfken, Cynthia L.; Morreale, Mary K.

2010-01-01

249

Prevalence of Psychiatric Symptoms in Adults with Mental Retardation and Challenging Behaviour.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A sample of 165 adults with mental retardation was surveyed for the presence of psychiatric symptoms, mental retardation level, and challenging behavior. Challenging behavior was associated with increased prevalence of psychiatric symptoms, especially anxiety and psychosis, and not with depression. No association was found between anxiety and…

Holden, Borge; Gitlesen, Jens Petter

2003-01-01

250

Hospitalized mental health patients and oral health.  

PubMed

The purpose of this review of the literature is to present a contemporary perspective related to the nursing care of hospitalized mental health patients who have risk of developing oral health issues. Mental illness is a major health concern worldwide. Compounding this health issue, mental health patients/clients demonstrate avoidant behaviours related to oral health, and the symptoms of mental illness can be a compounding factor. Oral health and oral inflammatory disease are the result of lifestyle and behaviour and mental disorders affect both lifestyle and behaviour. The search used the search terms oral health AND nursing AND mental illness AND Published Date 2005 to 2010. For those who experience mental illness oral health assessment is not routinely practised by clinicians. The importance of special attention to dental problems for people with mental disorders has also been stressed by researchers since the lifespan of people with serious mental disorders is shortened compared to the general population. Oral health care is an important part of treatment. Routine oral care for hospitalized patients is imperative, and this is usually the responsibility of nurses without sufficient knowledge in oral care or comprehensive protocols to follow. PMID:22070464

Edward, K-L; Felstead, B; Mahoney, A-M

2011-10-27

251

Interface of women’s mental and reproductive health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interface of women’s reproductive and mental health is an evolving area of psychiatric practice, necessitating familiarity\\u000a with psychobiological factors unique to women. The role of estrogen in particular has profound implications for the etiology\\u000a and treatment of women’s psychiatric illness, and has been reviewed along with the role of other hormones. Additionally, the\\u000a stress of specific life events such

Sermsak Lolak; Navid Rashid; Thomas N. Wise

2005-01-01

252

Factors Affecting Compliance with Treatment in an Outpatient Child Psychiatric Practice: A Retrospective Study in a Community Mental Health Centre in Athens  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The literature review shows that treatment compliance in child psychiatric practice is a multifactorial issue that includes parameters such as the type of problem presented by the child, the family’s functioning and the therapeutic team’s organization and functioning. Methods: In order to examine these parameters and their inter-relationship, epidemiological data from the files of 455 cases, representing the total

H. Lazaratou; M. Vlassopoulos; G. Dellatolas

2000-01-01

253

Mental health care for Asian, black and white patients with non-affective psychoses: pathways to the psychiatric hospital, in-patient and after-care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: This UK-based study compares the pathways to the psychiatric hospital and the provision of in-patient and after-care for\\u000a Asian, black and white patients with non-affective psychoses. Methods: Two overlapping samples of 120 patients, 40 from each ethnic group, were drawn; one on admission and the other at discharge.\\u000a In addition to socio-demographic data, details were obtained on the pathways

M. J. Commander; R. Cochrane; S. P. Sashidharan; F. Akilu; E. Wildsmith

1999-01-01

254

Mental capacity to make decisions on treatment in people admitted to psychiatric hospitals: cross sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To estimate the prevalence of mental capacity to make decisions on treatment in people from different diagnostic and legal groups admitted to psychiatric hospital.Design Cross sectional study.Setting General adult acute psychiatric inpatient units.Participants 350 consecutive people admitted to psychiatric wards from the community over 16 months.Main outcome measure Mental capacity assessed by clinical interview and the MacArthur competence assessment

Gareth S Owen; Genevra Richardson; Anthony S David; George Szmukler; Peter Hayward; Matthew Hotopf

2008-01-01

255

Hispanic Americans and Mental Health Services: A Comparison of Hispanic, Black, and White Admissions to Selected Mental Health Facilities, 1975. Mental Health Service System Reports. Series CN No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compares Hispanic American admissions with white and black admissions to selected mental health facilities in 1975. It focuses on differences and similarities in the use of mental health facilities by the three racial/ethnic groups as related to age, sex, marital status, educational attainment, source of referral, previous psychiatric

Rosenstein, Marilyn J.

256

Collaborative Research in Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes advantages and disadvantages of the National Institute of Mental Health's program for Public Academic Liaison (PAL). Useful administrative lessons gleaned from longstanding connections between state mental health agencies and universities in Ohio, Virginia, and Oregon are reviewed. Important issues such as budgeting and staffing for both agency and university administrators to consider when establishing collaboration are outlined.

Bentson H. McFarland; Frederick A. DiBlasio; John R. Belcher

1993-01-01

257

Immigrant Mental Health and Unemployment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this research is to assess whether stress associated with the transition to a new country combined with additional stress arising from unemployment affects the mental health of immigrants. I use the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Australia (LSIA) to examine the effect of labour force status on the mental health of immigrants. By using a rich longitudinal

Steven Kennedy

2003-01-01

258

Chicano Plan for Mental Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mental health services for Chicanos are examined in relation to social, economic, and political forces affecting their family concept. It is felt that mental health problems in a Chicano community must be approached from a cultural point of view. The stre...

R. Duran

1975-01-01

259

Mental Health and African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

Poverty level affects mental health status. African Americans living below the poverty level, as compared to those over twice the poverty level, are 3 ... compared to 120% of Non-Hispanic Whites. 1 MENTAL HEALTH STATUS: Serious psychological distress among adults 18 years ...

260

Mental Health in Rural America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent national data suggests that there is a similarity between the prevalence of clinically defined mental health problems, as well as comorbidity including substance abuse, among rural and urban adult populations. However, due to the lack of a mental health and substance abuse infrastructure in rural areas, many times these disorders go…

National Rural Health Association, Kansas City, MO.

261

Environment and mental health.  

PubMed

Environments seen as the physical, chemical, and biological conditions to which organisms are subjected, define the ways we obtain various resources, their quantity and their quality. In interplay with our organisms, environments determine how 'fit' we are. An aspect of that fitness is the quality of mental functioning. Although there is a traditional view that there is something like an 'objective environment' and an 'effective environment', a part of the objective environment that actually affects the organism, the dividing line between the two is rather obscure. Environment in general cannot be defined without taking into account the behaviour of the organism, and it is especially challenging to define what environment means to humans, given the enormous variation and scope of human behaviours; what it is that we require and tolerate. Simultaneously, that physical environment is the broader context of what we usually term 'social environment'. This paper outlines the conceptual problems in determining and evaluating the relationship between environmental conditions and more proximal determinants of mental health, at the same time reviewing the assumptions of some of the well-known examples of that relationship. PMID:23114802

Loga, Slobodan; Šoši?, Bojan

2012-10-01

262

Mental health concerns of the premature infant through the lifespan.  

PubMed

Because of increased survival rates, neurodevelopmental issues, chronic medical problems, and sometimes complex family issues involved with prematurity, mental health clinicians commonly assess preterm clients and manage their behavioral and mental health problems. Understanding prematurity survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes is important for contextualizing the mental health problems seen in this high-risk population. This article provides a brief overview of prematurity outcomes in the domains of prematurity relevant to practicing child psychiatrists. Prematurity is also examined as it relates to parental mental health challenges, infant mental health outcomes, high frequency attention problems, and psychiatric disorders. The complex interactions between prematurity and family well-being are also highlighted. Finally, evidence-based treatment modalities involved in prevention and management are explored. PMID:20478497

Vanderbilt, Douglas; Gleason, Mary Margaret

2010-04-01

263

Mental health concerns of the premature infant through the lifespan.  

PubMed

Because of increased survival rates, neurodevelopmental issues, chronic medical problems, and sometimes complex family issues involved with prematurity, mental health clinicians commonly assess preterm clients and manage their behavioral and mental health problems. Understanding prematurity survival and neurodevelopmental outcomes is important for contextualizing the mental health problems seen in this high-risk population. This article provides a brief overview of prematurity outcomes in the domains of prematurity relevant to practicing child psychiatrists. Prematurity is also examined as it relates to parental mental health challenges, infant mental health outcomes, high frequency attention problems, and psychiatric disorders. The complex interactions between prematurity and family well-being are also highlighted. Finally, evidence-based treatment modalities involved in prevention and management are explored. PMID:21855709

Vanderbilt, Douglas; Gleason, Mary Margaret

2011-08-01

264

Public Health Surveillance for Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public health systems have relied on public health surveillance to plan health programs, and extensive sur- veillance systems exist for health behaviors and chronic disease. Mental health has used a separate data collection system that emphasizes measurement of disease preva- lence and health care use. In recent years, efforts to inte- grate these systems have included adding chronic disease measures

Elsie J. Freeman; Lisa J. Colpe; Tara W. Strine; Satvinder Dhingra; Lisa C. McGuire; Laurie D. Elam-Evans; Geraldine S. Perry

265

Developing Mental Health Services for Local Jails  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for mental health services in jails has become evident to both correctional and mental health personnel in recent years as the number of mentally disordered inmates has increased in the jail population. The President's Commission on Mental Health (PCMH, 1978) has noted that community mental health systems have not provided successful treatment to certain subgroups of people and

Carole Morgan

1981-01-01

266

Mental Health Minister launches new acute mental health tertiary qualification  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Honourable Dr Graham Jacobs, Minister for Water; Mental Health, launched a new Graduate Certificate in Acute Mental Health at the South Metro Area Health Service (SMAHS) in July.\\u000aA result of collaboration between Ms Debbie Nelson, Nursing Director SMAHS and Dean of The University of Notre Dame Australia’s Fremantle School of Nursing, Professor Selma Alliex, the course has seen

Michelle Ebbs

2010-01-01

267

Development of Mental Health Indicators in Korea  

PubMed Central

Objective Promoting mental health and preventing mental health problems are important tasks for international organizations and nations. Such goals entail the establishment of active information networks and effective systems and indicators to assess the mental health of populations. This being said, there is a need in Korea develop ways to measure the state of mental health in Korea. Methods This paper reviews the mental health indicator development policies and practices of seven organizations, countries, and regions: WHO, OECD, EU, United States, Australia, UK, and Scotland. Using Delphi method, we conducted two surveys of mental health indicators for experts in the field of mental health. The survey questionnaire included 5 domains: mental health status, mental health factor, mental health system, mental health service, and quality of mental health services. We considered 124 potential mental health indicators out of more than 600 from indicators of international organizations and foreign countries. Results We obtained the top 30 mental health indicators from the surveys. Among them, 10 indicators belong to the mental health system. The most important five mental health indicators are suicide rate, rate of increase in mental disorder treatment, burden caused by mental disorders, adequacy of identifying problems of mental health projects and deriving solutions, and annual prevalence of mental disorders. Conclusion Our study provides information about the process for indicator development and the use of survey results to measure the mental health status of the Korean population. The aim of mental health indicator development is to improve the mental health system by better grasping the current situation. We suggest these mental health indicators can monitor progress in efforts to implement reform policies, provide community services, and involve users, families and other stakeholders in mental health promotion, prevention, care and rehabilitation.

Han, Hyeree; Ahn, Dong Hyun; Song, Jinhee; Hwang, Tae Yeon

2012-01-01

268

Child rights and mental health.  

PubMed

This article introduces the principles and articles of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) and discusses the implications of this new conceptualization of childhood for child mental health. Consistent with the articles of the CRC, Canadian and US health administrations call for including the perspectives and participation of children in promotion of their own mental health and in the planning of mental health services. Examples of the incorporation of the CRC into programs and services for children and youth are described. PMID:11588806

Carlson, M

2001-10-01

269

Adolescent mental health: Challenges with maternal noncompliance  

PubMed Central

The leading cause of suicide ideation, attempts, and completion in adolescents is persistent and unresolved parental conflict. National statistics show extremely high rates of childhood neglect and abuse are perpetrated most often by single mothers. Psychiatric disorders arising from maternal–child dysfunction are well-documented. However, resources to prevent offspring victimization are lacking. Here, we report maternal neglect of a 15-year-old male brought to the psychiatric emergency room for suicidal ideation. An inpatient treatment plan including pharmacotherapy, family therapy and psychological testing was initiated. The patient’s mother failed to attend clinic appointments or family therapy sessions. Clinician attempts to engage the mother in the treatment plan was met with verbal assaults, aggression, and threatening behavior. The patient decompensated in relation to the mother’s actions. Child Protective Services were contacted and a follow-up assessment with the patient and mother is pending. Psychiatric treatment of the mother may be a necessary intervention and prevention regimen for both the adolescent and the mother. Without consistent Child Protective Services oversight, medical and psychosocial follow-up, the prognosis and quality of life for this adolescent is considered very poor. Stringent mental health law and institutional policies are needed to adequately intercede and protect adolescents with mental illness.

Nejtek, Vicki A; Hardy, Sarah; Winter, Scott

2010-01-01

270

Adolescent mental health: Challenges with maternal noncompliance.  

PubMed

The leading cause of suicide ideation, attempts, and completion in adolescents is persistent and unresolved parental conflict. National statistics show extremely high rates of childhood neglect and abuse are perpetrated most often by single mothers. Psychiatric disorders arising from maternal-child dysfunction are well-documented. However, resources to prevent offspring victimization are lacking. Here, we report maternal neglect of a 15-year-old male brought to the psychiatric emergency room for suicidal ideation. An inpatient treatment plan including pharmacotherapy, family therapy and psychological testing was initiated. The patient's mother failed to attend clinic appointments or family therapy sessions. Clinician attempts to engage the mother in the treatment plan was met with verbal assaults, aggression, and threatening behavior. The patient decompensated in relation to the mother's actions. Child Protective Services were contacted and a follow-up assessment with the patient and mother is pending. Psychiatric treatment of the mother may be a necessary intervention and prevention regimen for both the adolescent and the mother. Without consistent Child Protective Services oversight, medical and psychosocial follow-up, the prognosis and quality of life for this adolescent is considered very poor. Stringent mental health law and institutional policies are needed to adequately intercede and protect adolescents with mental illness. PMID:20396638

Nejtek, Vicki A; Hardy, Sarah; Winter, Scott

2010-04-07

271

Racism Takes a Toll on Kids' Mental Health, Research Shows  

MedlinePLUS

... 22, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Child Mental Health Health Disparities Teen Mental Health SUNDAY, Sept. 22 (HealthDay News) -- ... reserved. More Health News on: Child Mental Health Health Disparities Teen Mental Health Recent Health News Page last ...

272

State Variation in Out-of-Home Medicaid Mental Health Services for Children and Youth: An Examination of Residential Treatment and Inpatient Hospital Services. Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research, vol. 37, no. 4  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using Medicaid data from 2003, this article describes the demographics and diagnoses of youth under 22 receiving mental health services in general and psychiatric hospitals, psychiatric residential treatment facilities, and other residential treatment settings. The research found that treatment stays and costs in these facilities varied considerably from state to state, findings which may call for more research on state

Jonathan Brown; Brenda Natzke; Henry Ireys; Matthew Gillingham; Morris Hamilton

2009-01-01

273

Integrating mental health into cardiovascular disease research in India.  

PubMed

Mental health refers to a diverse field where individuals can cope with daily stress, realize their potential and maintain a state of well-being. In recent years, there has been increasing recognition of the influence of mental health on general health, and in particular on cardiovascular diseases and their risk factors. Epidemiological research has focused on several psychosocial components including social determinants, comorbid psychiatric disorders, psychological stress, coping styles, social support, burden on the family, well-being, life satisfaction, personality and cognitive factors in connection with cardiovascular diseases. There is epidemiological research in India that integrates mental health with common cardiovascular diseases such as coronary health disease and stroke. Data from mental health research is sufficiently compelling to highlight the role of chronic stress, socioeconomic status and psychiatric disorders such as depression, substance use, social networks and support in relation to vulnerability to cardiovascular diseases. There are psychosocial consequences of cardiovascular diseases including deficits in the domains of life skills, coping skills and neurocognition, in addition to caregiver burden. The implications of bio-psychosocial models of assessments and interventions that target complex individual and contextual variables simultaneously on cardiovascular treatment outcomes have highlighted the importance of studying mental health in Indian settings. Integration of mental health into mainstream research is the need of the hour. A multidimensional approach to accomplish this is required including at the level of research conceptualization, discussions with key stakeholders, at the policy level, at the institutional level, and at the clinical and community level. PMID:23448627

Narayanan, Gitanjali; Prabhakaran, Dorairaj

274

Initiative to Build a Community-Based Mental Health System Including Assertive Community Treatment for People With Severe Mental Illness in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Japan, although the locus of care is still predominantly in psychiatric hospitals, a growing number of mental health service providers have become engaged in promoting community integration of people with severe mental illness. This paper describes an ongoing initiative to build a mental health and social services system, which is viewed as a model for other Japanese communities in

JUNICHIRO ITO; IWAO OSHIMA; MASAAKI NISHIO; ERI KUNO

2009-01-01

275

Disclosure of Mental Health Disabilities in the Workplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a There are a number of barriers that contribute to the low employment rates of people with mental health disabilities; these\\u000a barriers exist at the individual level, the programs and services level, and the systems, policy, and societal level (Anthony\\u000a et al. 2002). One issue that intersects with all three is disclosure of psychiatric disability in the workplace. Individuals\\u000a with mental

Kim L. MacDonald-Wilson; Zlatka Russinova; E. Sally Rogers; Chia Huei Lin; Terri Ferguson; Shengli Dong; Megan Kash MacDonald

276

Southeast Asian Mental Health: Treatment, Prevention, Services, Training and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This sourcebook contains 19 papers which discuss the mental health service needs of Southeast Asian refugees in the United States. The volume is divided into five sections: Treatment; Prevention; Services; Training; and Research. The papers (and their authors) are: (1) "Psychiatric Care for Southeast Asians: How Different Is Different?" (Tran…

Owan, Tom Choken, Ed.

277

Mental Health Status of Prisoners in an Urban Jail  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mental health status of a group of 486 admissions to the Philadelphia Prisons was systematically examined in a carefully controlled study using multiple indices of psychopathology. In addition to measures of psychopathology, demographic information and descriptive personality and intelligence data were collected on all subjects. Subsets of subjects also received individual psychiatric interviews and psychological evaluations. The results indicate

EDWARD GUY; JEROME J. PLATT; ISRAEL ZWERLING; SAMUEL BULLOCK

1985-01-01

278

Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Health: United States-Based Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the United States, research directed specifically at improving our understanding of the psychiatric assessment and treatment of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) has grown, yet lags far behind efforts for typically developing children and adults. In the United States, a lack of a national approach to the mental health problems of…

Charlot, Lauren; Beasley, Joan B.

2013-01-01

279

Criminal Offenders and "Mainstream" Outpatient Mental Health Care: Emerging Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses inconsistencies in societal responses to criminal behavior. Maintains that some offenders who are both guilty of criminal behavior and psychiatrically (or biochemically) disordered are being diverted from the criminal justice system into the mental health system. Suggests that clinical neuropsychology and psychopharmacology can…

Pallone, Nathaniel J.

1990-01-01

280

Mental Health Issues on Campus: A Resource Kit for Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource kit provides information intended to assist Australian college students with psychiatric disabilities in understanding the effects of mental health issues on learning in the context of post-secondary education. The guide suggests a range of compensatory strategies that aim to optimize learning outcomes for students and considers how…

Andrews, Jana; McLean, Patricia

281

Examining Reports of Mental Health in Adults with Williams Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Prior research suggests that individuals with Williams syndrome (WS) have a disposition towards anxiety. Information regarding this is typically derived from parents and carers. The perspectives of the individuals with WS are rarely included in research of this nature. We examined the mental health of 19 adults with WS using explicit (psychiatric

Stinton, Chris; Tomlinson, Katie; Estes, Zachary

2012-01-01

282

Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Health: United States-Based Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, research directed specifically at improving our understanding of the psychiatric assessment and treatment of individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) has grown, yet lags far behind efforts for typically developing children and adults. In the United States, a lack of a national approach to the mental health problems of…

Charlot, Lauren; Beasley, Joan B.

2013-01-01

283

Emerging paradigms in the mental health care of refugees  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past decade the approaches adopted towards the mental health care of refugees by a range of national and international healthcare organisations have been the subject of a sustained and growing critique. Much of this critique has focused on the way in which Western psychiatric categories have been ascribed to refugee populations in ways which, critics argue, pay scant

Charles Watters

2001-01-01

284

What Works for Mental Health System Change: Evolution or Revolution?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mental health system has realized significant metamorphoses in the standards and practices of quality care for people with psychiatric disability during the past decade. Now change agents are wrestling with effective strategies that help real-world systems to adopt programs reflecting these metamorphoses. Two fundamental approaches to systems change are compared and contrasted here: evolution and revolution. First, the authors

Patrick W. Corrigan; Michael G. Boyle

2003-01-01

285

A Predictive Model of Older Widow's Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The loss of one's spouse is a disorganizing life event. This study explores the mental health of older women who have lost a spouse. The specific aims of this study were: (1) to identify the incidence of depression or other psychiatric morbidity among widows during the first two years of bereavement; and (2) to evaluate a model which…

O'Brien, Ruth A.

286

Mental Health Problems in Adults with Williams Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although many researchers have investigated emotional and behavioral difficulties in individuals with Williams syndrome, few have used standardized diagnostic assessments. We examined mental health problems in 92 adults with Williams syndrome using the Psychiatric Assessment Schedule for Adults with Developmental Disabilities--PAS-ADD (Moss,…

Stinton, Chris; Elison, Sarah; Howlin, Patricia

2010-01-01

287

Needs and problems related to mental health services in Beijing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accounts in the literature show that our understanding of the current needs and problems of mental health services in Mainland China is based on unsystematic observations and theoretical extrapolation. There has not been a survey of practitioners on its current status. This paper describes a small-scale survey conducted in a large psychiatric hospital in Beijing in 1998, which addressed the

Wing Hong Hector Tsang; Weng Yongzhen; Phidias Tarm

2000-01-01

288

Medicare Prospective Reimbursement for Mental Health Services: A Literature Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews literature evaluating appropriateness of Medicare's prospective payment system (PPS) through Diagnostic-Related Groups (DRGs), since its implementation in 1983, for psychiatric care. Cites shortcomings that make the system untenable for mental health care, including lack of homogeneity of DRGs, inability to predict length of stay, and…

Holcomb, William R.; Thompson, Warren A.

1988-01-01

289

National Institute of Mental Health: Child and Adolescent Mental Health  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed as a public service by the National Institute of Mental Health, this Web site contains a wealth of materials that will be very useful to mental health practitioners, parents, and those who work with young people in any capacity. First-time visitors will want to read the brief notes on the mental health of children and adolescents, as well as the section dealing with the treatment of children with mental disorders, which answers some basic questions about various disorders and psychotropic medicines commonly prescribed to treat these conditions. The Educational Materials section provides a number of booklets, fact sheets, and additional Web sites on such conditions as autism, depression, learning disabilities, and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Researchers and health care professionals will want to examine the sections devoted to current research reports and multi-center collaborations, including the Child and Adolescent Research Consortium and the Child Abuse and Neglect Working Group.

290

Some Ingredients for Mental Health  

PubMed Central

When the body is ailing the mind is soon impaired. Good health practices contribute to longer and better life. A balanced life of work-rest-play is necessary to human health. Psychosocial stresses at any period of life may impair morale and productivity and increase the likelihood of physical or mental disease. Bereavement, separation, divorce, loss of friendship, retirement, loss of self-esteem and symbolic losses contribute significantly to mental and physical ill health. Social and psychological support systems are vital to mental health maintenance. Mature persons evolve principles, values, moral and ethical tenets, philosophic and religious ideals and special codes of conduct to give meaning to their lives. The basic needs of survival and procreation must be integrated with moral precepts relating to interindividual behavior so as to give a person a feeling of self-worth, which is an indispensable element in mental health.

Greenblatt, Milton

1984-01-01

291

Developing Iraq's mental health policy.  

PubMed

As Iraq faces the challenge of securing a sustainable resolution to the current violence, the burden of mental illness is likely to increase dramatically. The impact of Saddam Hussein's dictatorship, the Iran-Iraq war, U.S.-led economic sanctions, the Persian Gulf wars, and the U.S. invasion and subsequent violent insurgency have devastated Iraq's governmental and social infrastructure. Health care delivery across sectors has suffered greatly. During the reconstruction phase, the United States and coalition forces allocated resources to restructure Iraq's health care system. Many multinational organizations, governments, and policy makers had the political will as well as the financial and human resources to greatly influence Iraq's mental health program. However, the lack of an existing mental health plan stifled these efforts. Applying Kingdon's model for policy development, which includes political analysis, problem defining, and proposal drafting, the authors describe the development of Iraq's current mental health policy. PMID:17914016

Hamid, Hamada I; Everett, Anita

2007-10-01

292

The mental health of veterans.  

PubMed

For the majority service in the Armed Forces is beneficial and, in the main, military veterans have successful lives. However, a minority have a bleaker outlook as a result of on-going ill health and social exclusion. Whilst the media focuses on Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, in reality the most frequent mental health problems for veterans are alcohol problems, depression and anxiety disorders. These difficulties are difficult to manage as veterans, particularly those who are unwell, demonstrate a reticence to seek help for mental health problems. Another issue is that many veterans are now reserve personnel who have been found to be at greater risk of developing mental health problems than their regular counterparts. Steps to improve the knowledge and expertise of primary care services about veteran's mental health issues and increasing the availability of treatment options are important and are underway. PMID:19043996

Murphy, D; Iversen, A; Greenberg, N

2008-06-01

293

Comorbid internet addiction in male clients of inpatient addiction rehabilitation centers: psychiatric symptoms and mental comorbidity.  

PubMed

Addictive Internet use has recently been proposed to be included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition. Still, little is known about its nosological features, including comorbidity with other mental disorders and disorder-specific psychopathological symptoms. To investigate whether Internet addiction (IA) is an issue in patients in addiction treatment, 1826 clients were surveyed in 15 inpatient rehabilitation centers. Male patients meeting criteria for comorbid IA (n = 71) were compared with a matched control group of male patients treated for alcohol addiction without addictive Internet use (n = 58). The SCL-90-R, the Patient Health Questionnaire, and the seven-item Generalized Anxiety Disorder were used to assess associated psychiatric symptoms and further comorbid disorders. Comorbid IA was associated with higher levels of psychosocial symptoms, especially depression, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, and interpersonal sensitivity. Moreover, the patients with IA more frequently met criteria for additional mental disorders. They display higher rates of psychiatric symptoms, especially depression, and might be in need of additional therapeutic treatment. In rehabilitation centers, a regular screening for IA is recommended to identify patients with this (non-substance-related) addiction and supply them with additional disorder-specific treatment. PMID:24177479

Wölfling, Klaus; Beutel, Manfred E; Koch, Andreas; Dickenhorst, Ulrike; Müller, Kai W

2013-11-01

294

Religion, health beliefs and the use of mental health services by the elderly  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Few studies have investigated whether elderly people of particular religious affiliations were more or less likely to seek treatment for mental illness, and whether it was related to their health beliefs.Method: In the National Mental Survey of Elderly Singaporeans in 2004, data were collected on reported religious affiliations, and 1-year prevalence of mental disorders (DSM-IV diagnoses of psychiatric disorders)

Tze Pin Ng; Ma Shwe Zin Nyunt; Peak Chiang Chiam; Ee Heok Kua

2011-01-01

295

Characteristics of mentally ill offenders from 100 psychiatric court reports  

PubMed Central

Background There is an increasing probability that the psychiatrist will, willingly or not, come into contact with mentally ill offenders in the course of their practice. There are increasing rates of violence, substance abuse and other psychiatric disorders that are of legal importance. Therefore, the aim of this work was to investigate the rates of different mental disorders in 100 court reports and to investigate the characteristics of mentally ill offenders. Methods All cases referred from different departments of the legal system to the forensic committee for assessment of legal accountability over 13-months duration were included. A specially designed form was prepared for data collection. Cases were classified into five groups: murder, robbery, financial offences, violent and simple offences and a group for other offences. Data were subjected to statistical analysis and comparisons between different groups of subjects were performed by analysis of variance (ANOVA). Results Men constituted 93% of cases. In all, 73% of offenders were younger than 40 years old. Schizophrenia cases made up 13% of the total, substance related cases constituted 56% and amphetamine cases alone made up 21%; 10% of cases were antisocial personality disorders, and 51% of cases were classified as having a low education level. Unemployment was found in 34% of cases. The final decision of the forensic committee was full responsibility in 46% of cases and partial responsibility in 11% of cases, with 33% considered non-responsible. A total of 58% of cases had had contact with psychiatric healthcare prior to the offence and in 9% of cases contact had been in the previous 12 weeks. A history of similar offences was found in 32% of cases. In all, 14% of the offences were murders, 8% were sexual crimes, and 31% were violent/simple crimes. Conclusions The ability of the legal system to detect cases was good, while the ability of the healthcare system to predict crimes and offences was weak, as 58% of cases had had previous contact with the healthcare system previously. Substance abuse, especially amphetamine abuse, played an important role.

2010-01-01

296

A STATE OF MIND: DOMINATION, COERCION AND ABUSE IN THE SOUTH AFRICAN MENTAL HEALTH CARE ACT  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the South African Mental Health Care Act, focussing on its ideological and theoretical underpinnings. It argues that the Act is flawed not only through clear textual inconsistencies, but further, as a consequence of its view of mental illness resting on contestable psychiatric dogma. Specifically, the disease model of mental illness reproduced in the policy allows the desires,

Sam Davis; Cape Town

297

Attitudes toward mental health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attitudes of 85 undergraduates toward various mental health professional roles were evaluated using a semantic differential assessment instrument. Expressed attitudes were most positive toward those roles identified with physical medicine (i.e., physician and nurse) and least positive toward those professions traditionally identified with mental illness (i.e., psychiatrist and psychoanalyst). However, the public appears to be making increasing differentiations in attitudes

John M. McGuire; Thomas D. Borowy

1979-01-01

298

Tyranny and mental health.  

PubMed

Tyrannical states came into existence with the emergence of the state as a socio-political phenomenon a few thousand years ago and are, therefore, novel creations from the standpoint of human evolution. A recent and particularly virulent form of tyranny was invented during the twentieth century in the form of totalitarianism. Such states utilise physical and psychological coercion as their primary method of governance. It is proposed that this will have mental health consequences on both the rulers and the ruled. The psychological roots of tyrannical systems are explored and some of the possible socio-psychological effects are discussed. The Iraqi Ba'th regime is used as an exemplar of a third world totalitarian state. It is suggested that the prevention of mass violations of basic human rights should become an international responsibility and this may, therefore, require a redefinition of the concept of sovereignty. Furthermore, it is proposed that the international community should share the responsibility of assisting in the process of social repair in the aftermath of the fall of tyrannical states. PMID:15767560

Abed, Riadh T

2005-03-14

299

Mental health service utilization for psychiatric disorders among Latinos living in the United States: the role of ethnic subgroup, ethnic identity, and language/social preferences  

PubMed Central

Purpose To examine aspects of Latino experience in the US as predicting service utilization for mood, anxiety, and substance disorders. Methods Latino participants 18 and older in the NESARC (N = 6,359), a US national face to face survey. Outcomes were lifetime service utilization for DSM-IV lifetime mood/anxiety or substance disorders, diagnosed via structured interview (AUDADIS-IV). Main predictors were ethnic subgroup, ethnic identity, linguistic/social preferences, nativity/years in the US, and age at immigration. Results Higher levels of Latino ethnic identity and Spanish language/Latino social preferences predicted lower service utilization for mood disorders [ethnic identity OR = 0.52, language/social OR = 0.44] and anxiety disorders [ethnic identity OR = 0.67, language/social OR = 0.47], controlling for ethnic subgroup, disorder severity, time spent in the US, and economic and practical barriers Service utilization for alcohol/drug disorders was low across all Latino subgroups, without variation by examined predictors. Conclusion Ethnic/cultural factors are strong determinants of service utilization for mood/anxiety, but not substance use disorders among Latinos in the US strategies to increase service utilization among Latinos with psychiatric disorders should be disorder specific, and recognize the role of ethnicity and identity as important components of a help-seeking model.

Keyes, K. M.; Martins, S. S.; Hatzenbuehler, M. L.; Blanco, C.; Bates, L. M.; Hasin, Deborah S.

2013-01-01

300

The Italian SEME Surveillance System of Severe Mental Disorders Presenting to Community Mental Health Services  

PubMed Central

Mental health is recognized worldwide as a major public health priority for the twenty-first century. Different actions are needed, including developing or strengthening national mental health information systems, based on standardized indicators that allow national and international monitoring. In 2008, the national Centre for Disease prevention and Control of the Italian Ministry of Health and the Mental Health Unit of the Italian National Institute of Health (INIH) jointly launched a mental health information system named SEME (an Italian acronym meaning ‘mental health epidemiological surveillance’) based upon data collected from trained psychiatrists working in 22 selected sentinel community mental health centers distributed across Italy and covering a total population of 1,941,853 inhabitants, in order to collect and report site-level information on first-contact patients suffering from specific severe mental disorders (schizophrenia, schizophreniform disorder, schizoaffective disorder, delusional disorder, bipolar I disorder, anorexia nervosa, major depressive episode with psychotic symptoms or suicide attempt). Strengths of the system are the high reliability of diagnoses and the use of a web-based technique for data collection with data entry forms designed for ease of completion. During the first year of implementation of this system, a total of 343 first-contact patients met criteria for one of the severe mental disorders under surveillance. As the system includes standardized instruments to measure psychiatric symptoms and psychosocial functioning, it may facilitate health services research based on longitudinal measurements aimed at evaluating the continuity of psychiatric care and the effectiveness of innovative therapeutic and rehabilitative programs.

Gigantesco, Antonella; Lega, Ilaria; Picardi, Angelo

2012-01-01

301

Migration and mental health in Europe (the state of the mental health in Europe working group: appendix 1)  

PubMed Central

Background This paper is a part of the work of the group that carried out the report "The state of the mental health in Europe" (European Commission, DG Health and Consumer Protection, 2004) and deals with the mental health issues related to the migration in Europe. Methods The paper tries to describe the social, demographical and political context of the emigration in Europe and tries to indicate the needs and (mental) health problems of immigrants. A review of the literature concerning mental health risk in immigrant is also carried out. The work also faces the problem of the health policy toward immigrants and the access to health care services in Europe. Results Migration during the 1990s has been high and characterised by new migrations. Some countries in Europe, that have been traditionally exporters of migrants have shifted to become importers. Migration has been a key force in the demographic changes of the European population. The policy of closed borders do not stop migration, but rather seems to set up a new underclass of so-called "illegals" who are suppressed and highly exploited. In 2000 there were also 392.200 asylum applications. The reviewed literature among mental health risk in some immigrant groups in Europe concerns: 1) highest rate of schizophrenia; suicide; alcohol and drug abuse; access of psychiatric facilities; risk of anxiety and depression; mental health of EU immigrants once they returned to their country; early EU immigrants in today disadvantaged countries; refugees and mental health Due to the different condition of migration concerning variables as: motivation to migrations (e.g. settler, refugees, gastarbeiters); distance for the host culture; ability to develop mediating structures; legal residential status it is impossible to consider "migrants" as a homogeneous group concerning the risk for mental illness. In this sense, psychosocial studies should be undertaken to identify those factors which may under given conditions, imply an increased risk of psychiatric disorders and influence seeking for psychiatric care. Comments and Remarks Despite in the migrants some vulnerable groups were identified with respect to health problems, in many European countries there are migrants who fall outside the existing health and social services, something which is particularly true for asylum seekers and undocumented immigrants. In order to address these deficiencies, it is necessary to provide with an adequate financing and a continuity of the grants for research into the multicultural health demand. Finally, there is to highlight the importance of adopting an integrated approach to mental health care that moves away from psychiatric care only.

2005-01-01

302

More nurses to help police manage people with mental health problems.  

PubMed

FEWER PEOPLE with psychiatric problems are expected to require emergency care after a pilot project in which police officers work closely with mental health nurses has been extended to four new sites in England. PMID:24106852

Dean, Erin

2013-10-01

303

Treatment of mental health problems in general practice: a survey of psychotropics prescribed and other treatments provided  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE: Real-life data on the treatment of patients with mental health problems are important as a reference to evaluate care and benchmarking. This study describes the treatment of mental health problems in general practice as diagnosed by general practitioners (GP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data on mental health problems were available from structured psychiatric interviews in the general population and data

E. van Rijswijk; M. Borghuis; E. H. van de Lisdonk; F. G. Zitman; C. van Weel

2007-01-01

304

The treatment gap in mental health care.  

PubMed Central

Mental disorders are highly prevalent and cause considerable suffering and disease burden. To compound this public health problem, many individuals with psychiatric disorders remain untreated although effective treatments exist. We examine the extent of this treatment gap. We reviewed community-based psychiatric epidemiology studies that used standardized diagnostic instruments and included data on the percentage of individuals receiving care for schizophrenia and other non-affective psychotic disorders, major depression, dysthymia, bipolar disorder, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and alcohol abuse or dependence. The median rates of untreated cases of these disorders were calculated across the studies. Examples of the estimation of the treatment gap for WHO regions are also presented. Thirty-seven studies had information on service utilization. The median treatment gap for schizophrenia, including other non-affective psychosis, was 32.2%. For other disorders the gap was: depression, 56.3%; dysthymia, 56.0%; bipolar disorder, 50.2%; panic disorder, 55.9%; GAD, 57.5%; and OCD, 57.3%. Alcohol abuse and dependence had the widest treatment gap at 78.1%. The treatment gap for mental disorders is universally large, though it varies across regions. It is likely that the gap reported here is an underestimate due to the unavailability of community-based data from developing countries where services are scarcer. To address this major public health challenge, WHO has adopted in 2002 a global action programme that has been endorsed by the Member States.

Kohn, Robert; Saxena, Shekhar; Levav, Itzhak; Saraceno, Benedetto

2004-01-01

305

Partnerships for promoting dissemination of mental health research globally  

PubMed Central

Low-and middle-income countries (LAMIC), with more than 80% of the global population, bear the greatest burden of mental disorders. Yet these countries are very under-represented in published psychiatric research. There are barriers to publication of mental health research from LAMIC and to the representation of research from these countries in the main literature databases worldwide. The World Psychiatric Association (WPA) aimed to help investigate the reasons for the under-representation of LAMIC in published psychiatric research and consider how to support improved research dissemination, relevant for better mental health and mental health care in all countries. As part of its work plan for the years 2008 to 2011, WPA developed a project to encourage efforts to offer support to psychiatric journals in LAMIC. A WPA publications taskforce was appointed in 2008 to promote the dissemination of research from LAMIC. The taskforce began work together with journal editors to strengthen their chances of being indexed in international databases. Among the first journals participating in the project was the IJP, which is now an inspiration and source of support for other journals.

Herrman, Helen

2010-01-01

306

An overview of Uganda's mental health care system: results from an assessment using the world health organization's assessment instrument for mental health systems (WHO-AIMS)  

PubMed Central

Background The Ugandan government recognizes mental health as a serious public health and development concern, and has of recent implemented a number of reforms aimed at strengthening the country's mental health system. The aim of this study was to provide a profile of the current mental health policy, legislation and services in Uganda. Methods A survey was conducted of public sector mental health policy and legislation, and service resources and utilisation in Uganda, in the year 2005, using the World Health Organization's Assessment Instrument for Mental Health Systems (WHO-AIMS) Version 2.2. Results Uganda's draft mental health policy encompasses many positive reforms, including decentralization and integration of mental health services into Primary Health Care (PHC). The mental health legislation is however outdated and offensive. Services are still significantly underfunded (with only 1% of the health expenditure going to mental health), and skewed towards urban areas. Per 100,000 population, there were 1.83 beds in mental hospitals, 1.4 beds in community based psychiatric inpatient units, and 0.42 beds in forensic facilities. The total personnel working in mental health facilities were 310 (1.13 per 100,000 population). Only 0.8% of the medical doctors and 4% of the nurses had specialized in psychiatry. Conclusion Although there have been important developments in Uganda's mental health policy and services, there remains a number of shortcomings, especially in terms of resources and service delivery. There is an urgent need for more research on the current burden of mental disorders and the functioning of mental health programs and services in Uganda.

2010-01-01

307

CHILDREN'S MENTAL HEALTH: STRATEGIES FOR EDUCATORS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The U.S. Surgeon General's 2000 Report on Children's Mental Health estimates that one in five children and adolescents will experience a significant mental health problem during their school years. These issues vary in severity, but approximately 70% of those who need treatment will not receive appropriate mental health services. Failure to address children's mental health needs is linked to poor

Peter Whelley; Ralph E. Cash; Dixie Bryson

308

Health Promotion Intervention in Mental Health Services Health Promotion Intervention in Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this thesis was to define and develop the concept of health promotion in mental health services as well as to develop a questionnaire to measure patients' subjective experiences of health promotion interven- tion in mental health services. The samples consisted of 12 patients in study I and 12 nurses in study II as well as 135 patients

Petra Svedberg

2007-01-01

309

Mental Health Treatment and Criminal Justice Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Are many prisoners in jail or prison because of their mental illness? And if so, is mental health treatment a cost-effective way to reduce crime and lower criminal justice costs? This paper reviews and evaluates the evidence assessing the potential of expansion of mental health services for reducing crime. Mental illness and symptoms of mental illness are highly prevalent among

Richard Frank; Thomas G. McGuire

2010-01-01

310

Dangerousness and mental health policy.  

PubMed

Mental health policy development in the UK has become increasingly dominated by the assumed need to prevent violence and alleviate public concerns about the dangers of the mentally ill living in the community. Risk management has become the expected focus of contemporary mental health services, and responsibility has increasingly been devolved to individual service professionals when systems fail to prevent violence. This paper analyses the development of mental health legislation and its impact on services users and mental health professionals at the micro level of service delivery. Historical precedence, media influence and public opinion are explored, and the reification of risk is questioned in practical and ethical terms. The government's newest proposals for compulsory treatment in the community are discussed in terms of practical efficacy and therapeutic impact. Dangerousness is far from being an objectively observable phenomenon arising from clinical pathology, but is a formulation of what is partially knowable through social analysis and unknowable by virtue of its situation in individual psychic motivation. Risk assessment can therefore never be completely accurate, and the solution of a 'better safe than sorry' approach to mental health policy is ethically and pragmatically flawed. PMID:18307647

Hewitt, J L

2008-04-01

311

Psychiatric Drug Study. Part II. Mental Hygiene Clinic Survey, Day Treatment Center Survey, Day Hospital Survey.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This is the second in a series of three reports on the 1978 Psychiatric Drug Survey. The purpose of this report is to describe the usage of psychiatric drugs in three Veterans Administration (VA) outpatient treatment settings: mental hygiene clinics, day ...

S. Gee

1980-01-01

312

Epidemiology of psychiatric care of patients with severe mental disorders in Italy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rationale and design of a large, multicentre, prospective follow-up study on the outcome of severe mental disorders is presented. The study is currently under way in Italy, where psychiatric care has been uniquely characterised since 1978 by the statutory prohibition of admitting patients to psychiatric hospitals. The main purpose of the study is to describe the 5-year outcome of

E. Terzian; E. Sternai; A. Barbato; G. Tognoni; B. Saraceno

1997-01-01

313

Mental Health Status, Drug Treatment Use, and Needle Sharing among Injection Drug Users  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship among mental health symptoms, drug treatment use, and needle sharing in a sample of 507 injection drug users (IDUs). Mental health symptoms were measured through the ASI psychiatric scale. A logistic regression model identified that some of the ASI items were associated with needle sharing in an opposing…

Lundgren, Lena M.; Amodeo, Maryann; Chassler, Deborah

2005-01-01

314

Mental Health in Children with Cerebral Palsy: Does Screening Capture the Complexity?  

PubMed Central

Introduction. Children with cerebral palsy (CP), one of the most common childhood neurological disorders, often have associated medical and psychological symptoms. This study assesses mental health problems compared to population controls and the ability of a mental health screening tool to predict psychiatric disorders and to capture the complexity of coexisting symptoms. Methods. Children with CP (N = 47) were assessed according to DSM-IV criteria using a psychiatric diagnostic instrument (Kiddie-SADS) and a mental health screening questionnaire (SDQ). Participants from the Bergen Child Study, a large epidemiological study, served as controls. Results. Children with CP had significantly higher means on all problem scores including impact scores. Two in three children scored above 90th percentile cutoff on Total Difficulties Score (TDS), and 57% met criteria for a psychiatric disorder, yielding a sensitivity of 0.85 and a specificity of 0.55. Mental health problems coexisted across symptom scales, and peer problems were highly prevalent in all groups of psychiatric disorders. Conclusion. A high prevalence of mental health problems and cooccurrence of symptoms were found in children with CP compared to controls. Screening with SDQ detects mental health problems, but does not predict specific disorders in children with CP. ADHD is common, but difficult to diagnose due to complexity of symptoms. Mental health services integrated in regular followup of children with CP are recommended due to high prevalence and considerable overlap of mental health symptoms.

Bjorgaas, H. M.; Elgen, I.; Boe, T.; Hysing, M.

2013-01-01

315

Characteristics of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Who Received Services through Community Mental Health Centers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite the presence of significant psychiatric comorbidity among children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), little research exists on those who receive community-based mental health services. This project examined one year (2004) of data from the database maintained by 26 community mental health centers (CMHCs) in the Midwestern US state of…

Bryson, Stephanie A.; Corrigan, Susan K.; McDonald, Thomas P.; Holmes, Cheryl

2008-01-01

316

Rules of Engagement: Initiating and Sustaining a Relationship with Families Who Have Mental Health Disorders.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how clinicians can work with parents of young children with disabilities who may themselves have mental health disorders. Recommendations are provided for an initial approach to parents with mental health challenges, referral to psychiatric personnel, establishing trust and rapport, and sustaining a relationship with parents…

Vacca, John; Feinberg, Edward

2000-01-01

317

The mental health of Jehovah's Witnesses.  

PubMed

The function of religion in human society is complex. The part played by religion in psychiatric disorders is even more obscure. Previous literature and theories are divided into two groups: one school believes that intense religiosity is a symptom-complex indicative of psychiatric disorder, while the opposing view is that religious belief in some way acts as a defence mechanism protecting the individual and his psyche. The present study of 50 Jehovah's Witnesses admitted to the Mental Health Service facilities of Western Australia suggests that members of this section of the community are more likely to be admitted to a psychiatric hospital than the general population. Furthermore, followers of the sect are three times more likely to be diagnosed as suffering from schizophrenia and nearly four times more likely from paranoid schizophrenia than the rest of the population at risk. These findings suggest that being a member of the Jehovah's Witnesses faith may be a risk factor predisposing to a schizophrenic illness. Further studies would be interesting in investigating whether pre-psychotic people are more likely to join the sect than normal people and what part (if any) membership has in bringing about such a breakdown. PMID:1174772

Spencer, J

1975-06-01

318

The Effect of Expanded Mental Health Benefits on Treatment Initiation and Specialist Utilization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To measure the effects of a mental health benefit design change on treat- ment initiation for psychiatric disorders of employees of a large U.S.-based company. Data Sources. Mental health treatment administrative claims data plus eligibility in- formation provided by the company for the years 1995-1998. Study Design. We measure the effect of a change in mental health benefits consisting

Richard C. Lindrooth; Anthony T. Lo Sasso; Ithai Z. Lurie

319

Journal abstracts from current research in the field of child and adolescent mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gonzales NA, Coxe S, Roosa MW, White RMB, Knight GP, Zeiders KH and Saenz D (2011) Economic hardship, neighborhood context, and parenting: Prospective effects on Mexican–American adolescent's mental health. American Journal of Community Psychology 47(1–2): 98–113O’Kane D (2011) A phenomenological study of child and adolescent mental health consultation in primary care. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing 18(2): 185–188Sentse

Erhabor S Idemudia

2011-01-01

320

Stakeholder views of a mental health court  

Microsoft Academic Search

To reduce criminal justice involvement of persons with mental disorders, many communities have created mental health courts. Early mental health courts were restricted to persons charged with nonviolent misdemeanors. Recently mental health courts have begun to accept persons charged with felonies and violent crimes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to examine the process and outcomes of a

Dale E. McNiel; Renée L. Binder

2010-01-01

321

Community Mental Health Service Profile.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A study of the 1971 admissions to three county outpatient mental health clinics in the region served by the NY-Penn Health Management Corporation is documented, and selected comparisons are made to State hospital admissions for the region. The study is pa...

A. M. Volo G. LeCompte M. E. Lafer R. F. Thayne T. J. McCord

1975-01-01

322

Mental Health Practitioners and HIPAA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The privacy and security of patients' medical records continue to challenge mental health practitioners in an ever-increasing electronic environment. Although practitioners were to be in compliance of the 1996 Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) by April 20, 2006, many practitioners still struggle to understand the nuances of the regulations. This article will cover the areas of HIPAA that

Timothy D. Letzring; Marilyn S. Snow

2011-01-01

323

A Map of Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a comprehensive picture of mental health services in England, including staffing and expenditure, and the number of people in need and the number treated. Historically, this information has been split across sub-sections of the health and social services; and the readily available information often appeared to give inconsistent answers. This paper brings together and interprets the available

Rachel Smithies

2010-01-01

324

Mental illness stigma among nurses in psychiatric wards of teaching hospitals in the north-west of Iran  

PubMed Central

Background: Stigma is one of the obstacles in the treatment and regaining the mental health of people with mental illness. The aim was determination of mental illness stigma among nurses in psychiatric wards. This study was conducted in psychiatric wards of teaching hospitals in Tabriz, Urmia, and Ardabil in the north-west of Iran. Materials and Methods: This research is a descriptive analysis study in which 80 nurses participated. A researcher-made questionnaire was used, which measured demographic characteristics and mental illness stigma in the three components of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral. All data were analyzed using SPSS13 software and descriptive and analytical statistics. Results: Majority of nurses (72.5%) had medium level of stigma toward people with mental illness. About half of them (48.8%) had great inclination toward the social isolation of patients. The majority of them (62.5%) had positive emotional responses and 27.5% had stereotypical views. There was a significant correlation between experience of living with and kinship of nurses to person with mental illness, with prejudice toward and discrimination of patients. There was also a significant correlation between interest in the continuation of work in the psychiatric ward and prejudice, and also between educational degree and stereotypical views. Conclusions: The data suggest there is a close correlation between the personal experience of nurses and existence of mental illness stigma among them. Therefore, the implementation of constant educational programs on mental illness for nurses and opportunities for them to have direct contact with treated patients is suggested.

Ebrahimi, Hossein; Namdar, Hossein; Vahidi, Maryam

2012-01-01

325

African American Community Mental Health Fact Sheet  

MedlinePLUS

... in the African American population • Culture biases against mental health professionals and health care professionals in general prevent ... disadvantage in terms of accessing both medical and mental health care: in 2006, one-third of working adult ...

326

Specialist practice in community mental health nursing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community mental health nurses (CMHNs) work in an increasingly complex health and social care environment. Over recent years, the evolving direction of general health service and specific mental health policy has directed CMHNs towards: the provision of clinically-effective interventions; a closer attention to meeting the needs of people experiencing severe and long-term mental health problems; the simultaneous provision of services

Ben Hannigan

1999-01-01

327

THE ROLE OF EDUCATION AND HEALTH CARE DELIVERY STRUCTURE IN QUALITY OF NURSING CARE FOR MENTALLY ILL PATIENTS IN NURSING HOMES  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of nursing home staff found that nurses generally are not knowledgeable about psychiatric symptoms and do not seek out psychiatric intervention for their patients who need it. Even when nurses are knowledgeable about psychiatric symptoms and have had special training in mental health care it is found that they nonetheless rarely seek psychiatric intervention for their patients. The

Richard J. Caston

1983-01-01

328

Age and Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how age is related to theuse of formal and informal mental health services,adjustment to current life conditions, and expectationsfor improvement in future life conditions among a group of persons with serious mental illnesses.Interviews with 301 clients of 3 clinics at a publicpsychiatric facility serving West Brooklyn and StatenIsland provide the data from the study. Outcome measures include

Allan V. Horwitz; Thomas Uttaro

1998-01-01

329

Competency of Psychiatric Residents in the Treatment of People with Severe Mental Illness before and after a Community Psychiatry Rotation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: Psychiatric rehabilitation is an evidence-based service with the goal of recovery for people with severe mental illness. Psychiatric residents should understand the services and learn the principles of psychiatric rehabilitation. This study assessed whether a 3-month rotation in a psychiatric rehabilitation center changes the…

Randall, Melinda; Romero-Gonzalez, Mauricio; Gonzalez, Gerardo; Klee, Anne; Kirwin, Paul

2011-01-01

330

Health sciences librarians and mental health laws.  

PubMed Central

Two U.S. Supreme Court decisions, O'Connor v. Donaldson and Bounds v. Smith, hold important implications for health sciences librarians serving in mental health facilities. The first, O'Connor, with its many ancillary holdings, puts mental health personnel on notice that patients have certain basic rights, which courts all over the country will now be required to enforce. In Bounds the court has ruled that prison authorities must assist prison inmates in preparing and filing legal papers. The ruling will most likely benefit all mentally disabled prisoners, and future litigation may expand this category to include: (1) persons committed under the criminal code, (2) persons under involuntary commitment not related to the criminal code, and (3) persons voluntarily committed. A selective annotated bibliography, consisting of background readings in mental health and the law, basic rights, law library materials, and mental health legal services, has been compiled to help librarians establish and develop legal collections in anticipation of court decisions that will expand the conditions of Bounds to include all mentally disabled patients.

Hartz, F R

1978-01-01

331

Issues in Mental Health Counseling with Persons with Mental Retardation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews mental-health issues concerning persons with mental retardation, particularly as these issues apply to mental-health counseling. Included in this review is a discussion of the prevalence of psychopathology, types of problems presented, issues in clinical bias, access to community services, assessment techniques, and specific…

Prout, H. Thompson; Strohmer, Douglas C.

1998-01-01

332

The Oklahoma City Bombing Study and Methodological Issues in Longitudinal Disaster Mental Health Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several methodological issues may affect the findings of studies of the mental health effects of disasters over time. These issues include analysis of the course of individual disorders over time that may be lost when they are presented embedded in general summary statistics, consideration of assessment of psychiatric disorders versus symptoms, adherence to established criteria in assigning psychiatric diagnoses, and

Carol S. North

2005-01-01

333

Transcultural Psychiatry: An Hispanic Perspective. Spanish Speaking Mental Health Research Center Monograph Number Four.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presenting multi-ethnic views about the delivery of mental health services to the Hispanic population, this monograph contains 18 papers presented at the joint meeting of the Puerto Rican Medical Association's Psychiatry, Neurology and Neurosurgery Section, the Caribbean Psychiatric Association, and the American Psychiatric Association held in…

Padilla, Eligio R., Ed.; Padilla, Amado M., Ed.

334

Mental Health Concerns of Older Women.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Mental health problems of older women are studied, including depression and other affective disorders, personality disorders, organic mental disorders, and alcohol and drug disorders. A brief, tabular review of these mental disorders is presented. Data on...

D. E. Gelfand

1983-01-01

335

Leadership and mental health nursing.  

PubMed

This discussion paper argues for the critical importance of successful leadership for effective mental health nursing, observing that nursing leadership has long been regarded problematically by the profession. Using empirical and theoretical evidence we debate what leadership styles and strategies are most likely to result in effective, recovery-orientated mental health nursing. Models of transformational and distributed leadership are found to be highly congruent with mental health nursing values, yet the literature suggests it is a type of leadership more often desired than experienced. We note how the scholarly literature tends to ignore the "elephant in the room" that is organizational power, and we question whether transformational leadership pursued within a specific clinical context can influence beyond those confines. Nevertheless it is within these contexts that consumers experience nursing, effective or otherwise, thus we should advocate what is known about effective leadership wherever it is required. PMID:21932925

Cleary, Michelle; Horsfall, Jan; Deacon, Maureen; Jackson, Debra

2011-01-01

336

Physical and Mental Factors Associated with Obesity in Individuals with Mental Disorders Attending Psychiatric Day-Care Facilities  

PubMed Central

Background Individuals with mental disorders have increased rates of obesity and metabolic syndrome. Here we evaluated factors influencing obesity in individuals with mental disorders who were attending psychiatric day-care facilities on an outpatient basis. Methods The subjects (n = 108) were outpatients attending hospital-based rehabilitation programs. We assessed body fat, weight, height, waist circumference, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS) scores, frequency of day-care visits, satisfaction with body shape, physical comorbidity and lifestyle habits. Lifestyle habits were evaluated using Breslow's health index based on health-related choices. Results The subjects were divided into 2 groups: obese group (BMI ? 25 kg/m2) and non-obese group (BMI < 25 kg/m2). The physical parameters and attributes of both groups were compared, and factors related to BMI were statistically analyzed. The prevalence of obesity was 47.2% in all patients, 42.4% in males and 54.8% in females. Weight, waist circumference, body fat and systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly higher in the obese group than in the non-obese group. Body fat, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure exhibited significant positive correlations with BMI, whereas the frequency of day-care visits, satisfaction with body shape, GDS score and Breslow's health index exhibited significant negative correlations with BMI. Conclusion The present results showed that the prevalence of obesity was high in outpatients with mental disorders. Improvement in lifestyle choices is necessary to prevent obesity and the onset of metabolic syndrome in such patients.

Saiga, Michiko; Watanabe, Takashi; Yoshioka, Shin-ichi

2013-01-01

337

Mental Health: Overcoming the Stigma of Mental Illness  

MedlinePLUS

... support (2) Intervention: Help a loved one overcome addiction Mental health: Overcoming the stigma of mental illness ... Section Focus Intervention: Help a loved one overcome addiction Multiple options exist for dealing with adversity Don' ...

338

Developmental Differences in the Symptomatology of Psychiatric Inpatients with and without Mild Mental Retardation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The symptomatology of 93 psychiatric inpatients with mild mental retardation was compared with that of a matched sample of inpatients without mental retardation. Patients with retardation displayed more outwardly directed and less inwardly directed symptoms; more symptoms involving action than thought; and psychotic symptom pictures which more…

Glick, Marion; Zigler, Edward

1995-01-01

339

[Policies and practices in mental health: the evidence in question].  

PubMed

The paper analyzes some current questions related to the choice of evidence in order to provide guidelines for public policy and practices in mental health care. It starts with a critical reflection on the categories of evidence proposed by Evidence-Based Medicine, and also the concept of qualitative evidence. The issue is analyzed specifically in relation to mental health care users and their demands to have services organized in a way that incorporates their perceptions and values, and to the Psychiatric Reform field proper firmly grounded in ethical and political precepts. PMID:24061004

Campos, Gastão Wagner de Sousa; Onocko-Campos, Rosana Teresa; Del Barrio, Lourdes Rodriguez

2013-10-01

340

National mental health programme: Manpower development scheme of eleventh five-year plan  

PubMed Central

Mental disorders impose a massive burden in the society. The National Mental Health Programme (NMHP) is being implemented by the Government of India to support state governments in providing mental health services in the country. India is facing shortage of qualified mental health manpower for District Mental Health Programme (DMHP) in particular and for the whole mental health sector in general. Recognizing this key constraint Government of India has formulated manpower development schemes under NMHP to address this issue. Under the scheme 11 centers of excellence in mental health, 120 PG departments in mental health specialties, upgradation of psychiatric wings of medical colleges, modernization of state-run mental hospitals will be supported. The expected outcome of the Manpower Development schemes is 104 psychiatrists, 416 clinical psychologists, 416 PSWs and 820 psychiatric nurses annually once these institutes/ departments are established. Together with other components such as DMHP with added services, Information, education and communication activities, NGO component, dedicated monitoring mechanism, research and training, this scheme has the potential to make a facelift of the mental health sector in the country which is essentially dependent on the availability and equitable distribution mental health manpower in the country.

Sinha, Suman K.; Kaur, Jagdish

2011-01-01

341

School-Based Mental Health Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

More than 20% of children and adoles- cents have mental health problems. Health care profes- sionals for children and adolescents must educate key stakeholders about the extent of these problems and work together with them to increase access to mental health resources. School-based programs offer the prom- ise of improving access to diagnosis of and treatment for the mental health

David Satcher

342

Global mental health: the role of psychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the huge personal and social impact of mental illnesses, mental health globally is widely neglected and marginalised.\\u000a A conceptual change in thinking, from the biomedical to a public health model, is essential for integrating mental health\\u000a services into health systems across the globe. This article discusses the burden of mental health globally, resources available\\u000a to tackle the massive burden,

Benedetto Saraceno; Tarun Dua

2009-01-01

343

Mental Health Service Delivery Systems and Perceived Qualifications of Mental Health Service Providers in School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Latest research on the mental health status of children indicates that schools are key providers of mental health services (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2003). The push for school mental health services has only increased as stakeholders have begun to recognize the significance of sound mental health as an essential part of…

Dixon, Decia Nicole

2009-01-01

344

The specialist youth mental health model: strengthening the weakest link in the public mental health system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite mental disorders being the dominant health issue confronting young people, youth mental health is yet to be recognised as a discrete, unified program area; responsibility for young people's mental health is currently split across multiple levels of government. • Public specialist mental health services have followed a paediatric-adult split in service delivery, mirroring general and acute health care. The

Patrick D McGorry

2007-01-01

345

Ageism in Mental Health and Health Care: A Critical Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions of aging and mental health widely assume that ageism among mental health providers is an important factor limiting access to mental health services for older adults. Given the widespread citation of ageism as a problem, we critically review the history of the ageism construct, and evidence for its existence in both mental health and medical professionals. There is surprisingly

Claire Robb; Hongbin Chen; William E. Haley

2002-01-01

346

Indian research on disaster and mental health.  

PubMed

The primary source for this annotation on disaster mental health research is the Indian Journal of Psychiatry. Key words like disasters, earthquake, cyclone, tsunami and flood were searched from its electronic database and relevant articles are discussed. The cross-referenced articles and relevant researches conducted on disasters in India which are published elsewhere were the secondary sources of information. There have been many epidemiological studies and only a few interventional studies on disasters in India. Prevalence figures of psychiatric disorders varied considerably across studies, secondary to nature and severity of disaster, degree of loss, support available and probably also due to the study methodology. Suggestions for intervention included pre-disaster planning, training of disaster workers, utilization of community-level volunteers as counselors, and strengthening existing individual, social and spiritual coping strategies. There is a need for more longitudinal follow-up studies and interventional studies. PMID:21836696

Kar, Nilamadhab

2010-01-01

347

Mental Health and Asian Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... States. 2 Southeast Asian refugees are at risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) associated with trauma experienced before and after ... refugees receiving mental health care were diagnosed with PTSD. 3 For Asian Americans, the rate of serious psychological distress ...

348

Mental health care in Cambodia.  

PubMed Central

An effort is being made in Cambodia to involve grass-roots personnel in the integration of the care of the mentally ill into a broad framework of health services. This undertaking is examined with particular reference to the work of the Transcultural Psychosocial Organization.

Somasundaram, D. J.; van de Put, W. A.

1999-01-01

349

Volunteers in Community Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This booklet gives detailed accounts of mental health programs in operation around the nation. A total of nine different types of activities is included. "Helping Children" describes a program whereby students from nearby colleges give troubled children, at home, an experience in friendship by serving as big brothers or sisters. "Helping the…

National Inst. of Mental Health (DHEW), Bethesda, MD.

350

Women, catastrophe and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the concept of catastrophic experience, its relationship to the range of acute and prolonged stressors to which women may be exposed and the broad impacts on their mental health and well-being. It identifies catastrophe in terms of multiple accumulated stresses including death, loss, victimization, demoralization, shame, stigmatization, helplessness and identity. Catastrophic experiences include personal violence in domestic

Beverley Raphael; Mel Taylor; Virginia McAndrew

2008-01-01

351

Children's Mental Health. Beginnings Workshop.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents four articles discussing mental health issues that pertain to early childhood education: "Granting Children Their Emotions" (Ilse Elisabeth Plattner); "Double Vision: Parent and Professional Perspectives on Our Family's Year in Crisis" (Kirsten Haugen); "Coping with Stress and Surviving Challenging Times" (Alan Cohen); and "When the World…

Plattner, Ilse Elisabeth; Haugen, Kirsten; Cohen, Alan; Levin, Diane E.

2003-01-01

352

Globalization, Conflict and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Violent conflict for political ends, including war and civil war, is a major cause of mental ill health and although there are different approaches and ways to understand this relationship some consensus is emerging on the psychological, social and cross sector responses to post conflict situations. Globalization has changed the relationships of nation states, corporations and international organizations creating different

Jack Piachaud

2008-01-01

353

Sex, relationships and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the sexuality of people with mental health problems raises important clinical, social and legal concerns, there is relatively little written about the subject, and it is clear that staff often feel confused and embarrassed when discussing these issues with colleagues, carers and service users. Staff are often unsure about how to balance service users' rights to live a full

Richard Pacitti; Graham Thornicroft

2009-01-01

354

State Child Mental Health Planning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph is based on experiences of the national Child and Adolescent Service System Program (CASSP) and describes a plan for developing and implementing community based systems of care for children and adolescents with serious emotional disorders and their families. It draws on examples from state mental health plans to illustrate planning…

Pires, Sheila A.

355

Cultural diversity and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adopting an integrative approach to mental health is especially important when working with people from diverse cultural backgrounds. In order to render culturally sensitive practice, we need to be immersed in the philosophical, contextual, and experiential considerations of the cultural group with whom we work. Comprehensive assessment and intervention involves bridging disciplines to gain a more holistic appreciation for the

Susan James; Isaac Prilleltensky

2002-01-01

356

Educating the future mental health executive: A public health approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mental health program we are developing at the Yale School of Public Health has as its basic element a broad introduction to the concepts and principles of public health and mental health administration and is rooted in concern for community well-being. It is our belief that this combination of public healthmental health training will produce administrators for

Sheila W. Wellington; Elizabeth C. Bellis

1976-01-01

357

Paraprofessional Roles in Rural Mental Health.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The paraprofessional roles in rural mental health project which emphasized early detection and/or prevention of potential mental health crises, use of community alternatives to institutionalization and reduction of need for institutionalization or long-te...

J. Shybut

1981-01-01

358

Ambulatory Mental Health Care Guidelines (for Massachusetts).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Determination of Need (DoN) Mental Health Clinic Guidelines promulgated on June 27, 1978, considered the minimum range of services appropriate for a mental health clinic by relying heavily upon the Medicaid Conditions of Participation for detailed sta...

1984-01-01

359

Underutilization of Mental Health Services Among Bereaved Caregivers With Prolonged Grief Disorder  

PubMed Central

Objective This study examined grief and mental health service use among 86 bereaved caregivers of advanced cancer patients. Methods Caregivers were assessed before (median=3.1 months) and after (median=6.6 months) patients’ deaths for prolonged grief disorder, axis I psychiatric disorders, mental health service use, suicidality, and health-related quality of life. Results Sixteen percent of the bereaved sample met criteria for prolonged grief disorder, which was significantly associated with suicidality and poorer health-related quality of life, but not with mental health service use. The majority of bereaved caregivers with prolonged grief disorder did not access mental health services. In multivariable analyses, having discussed psychological concerns with a health care professional when the patient was ill was the only significant predictor of mental health service use during bereavement. Conclusions Because bereaved caregivers with prolonged grief disorder underutilize mental health services, connecting them with services while the patient is still alive may be beneficial.

Lichtenthal, Wendy G.; Nilsson, Matthew; Kissane, David W.; Breitbart, William; Kacel, Elizabeth; Jones, Eric C.; Prigerson, Holly G.

2013-01-01

360

Social Capital and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Social capital is a compound and complex construct, an umbrella term under which social cohesion, social support, social integration\\u000a and\\/or participation are often lumped together. Beyond its growing appeal to policy makers, practitioners and researchers\\u000a in public health in general and mental health in particular, social capital is now also an integral part of broad-based discussions\\u000a on social-ecological resilience, ecosystem

Astier M. Almedom; Douglas Glandon

361

Mental health policy development in Africa.  

PubMed Central

Mental health issues are usually given very low priority in health service policies. Although this is changing, African countries are still confronted with so many problems caused by communicable diseases and malnutrition that they have not waken up to the impact of mental disorders. Every country must formulate a mental health policy based on its own social and cultural realities. Such policies must take into account the scope of mental health problems, provide proven and affordable interventions, safeguard patients' rights, and ensure equity.

Gureje, O.; Alem, A.

2000-01-01

362

Mental Health: African Americans  

MedlinePLUS

... education, employment, and health care. However, strong social, religious, and family connections have helped many African Americans ... church and community to cope. The level of religious commitment among African Americans is high. In one ...

363

Homelessness, the chronic mentally ill and community mental health centers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current efforts in the development of improved systems of care for the chronically mentally ill represent yet another phase in the evolution of mental health policy in this country. As described in the literature (Goldman and Morrissey 1985), the history of public policy on behalf of the mentally ill reflects a cyclical pattern of institutional reforms. Each cycle is marked

A. Anthony Arce; Michael J. Vergare

1987-01-01

364

Telepsychiatry and e-Mental Health Services: Potential for Improving Access to Mental Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reforming mental health care is a focus of many ongoing initiatives in the United States, both at the national and state levels. Access to adequate mental health care services is one of the identified problems. Telepsychiatry and e-mental health services could improve access to mental health care in rural, remote and underserved areas. The authors discuss the required technology, common

Kaye L. McGinty; Sy Atezaz Saeed; Scott C. Simmons; Yilmaz Yildirim

2006-01-01

365

International Observatory on Mental Health Systems: a mental health research and development network  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: While the mental health situation for most people in low and middle-income countries is unsatisfactory, there is a renewed commitment to focus attention on the mental health of populations and on the scaling up of mental health services that have the capacity to respond to mental health service needs. There is general agreement that scaling up activities must be

Harry Minas

2009-01-01

366

Mental Health Care System and Mental Health Expenditures in the Czech Republic  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Although the mental health care is a substantial component of the health system in the Czech Republic, there is a lack of information and research on mental health expenditures. Determining the level and profile of mental health expenditures is the first step in achieving awareness of the cost of mental illness to society. Aims of the Study: To describe

Martin Dlouhy

2004-01-01

367

Indian Adolescent Mental Health. OTA Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs is considering legislation to improve mental health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives. This report is in response to the Committee's request for information on the mental health needs of Indian adolescents and the services available to them. The section on mental health problems among…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Office of Technology Assessment.

368

Community attitudes about mental health services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community attitudes toward a new mental health center were surveyed by calling 110 randomly selected residences. Drugs and alcohol were seen as the community's most pressing social problem. Respondents were favorable to mental health centers and public funding and had accurate information about many aspects of mental health problems, although misinformation about types of services, professional staffing, and length of

Spencer A. McWilliams; Larry A. Morris

1974-01-01

369

Comprehensive Planning for Mental Health in Illinois.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A report by the Illinois Mental Health Planning Board on comprehensive community-based mental health planning in the State is provided. Five goals of mental health planning are delineated: (1) create a system that is physically able to offer appropriate s...

1975-01-01

370

Ethnic Issues in Adolescent Mental Health.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The essays collected in this book examine the effects of ethnicity on the mental health of adolescents. A dual set of issues emerges throughout the volume: the importance of adolescent mental health in contributing to adult well-being, and the necessity of understanding ethnicity in studying and treating mental health problems. The book is…

Stiffman, Arlene Rubin, Ed.; Davis, Larry E., Ed.

371

Insomnia and Mental Health in College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Insomnia is strongly associated with certain mental health problems in the general population. However, there is little research examining this relation in young adults—an age group where many mental health problems first present. This study examined relations between insomnia and mental health symptoms in a college population (N = 373; 60.9% women; mean age of 21 years). Insomnia was assessed

Daniel J. Taylor; Christie E. Gardner; Adam D. Bramoweth; Jacob M. Williams; Brandy M. Roane; Emily A. Grieser; Jolyn I. Tatum

2011-01-01

372

Marital Rights, Mental Health, and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author discusses a comprehensive literature review on the mental health effects of marriage denial on lesbians and gay men and the role of mental health arguments in advocacy for marriage equality. The review, by Gil Herdt and Robert Kertzner, studied more than 150 reports on how marriage is related to mental health and the psychological effects of discrimination as

Robert Kertzner

2009-01-01

373

Development of Mental Health Programs in Correction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health programs have not made a significant impact on the correctional field as a whole. Both the shortcomings of the correctional environment, which have been stressed, and the shortcomings of the mental health approach in correction, which have been ignored, have contributed to this failure. Despite these inadequacies, mental health personnel can make useful contri butions in the correctional

Asher R. Pacht; Seymour L. Halleck

1966-01-01

374

Handbook of Infant Mental Health. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This revised edition offers an interdisciplinary analysis of the developmental, clinical, and social aspects of mental health from birth to age 3. Chapters are organized into five areas, covering the context of mental health, risk and protective factors, assessment, psychopathology, intervention, and applications of infant mental health. The…

Zeanah, Charles H., Jr., Ed.

375

Client Outcome Evaluation in Mental Health Centers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outcome evaluation assesses the results or benefits of mental health services received by clients or communities by comparing descriptive data on the mental health status of clients at different points in time. It aids clinicians and managers in planning programs and managing clinical services. A mental health center should establish goal-oriented…

Southern Regional Education Board, Atlanta, GA.

376

Engaging families in child mental health services  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last decade has brought important advances in the area of children's mental health, including a concerted focus on building a scientific base for un- derstanding the mental health difficulties that our most vulnerable members of society experience and examining the impact of services that potentially reduce child mental health needs (1,2). Serious concern remains, however, as to whether the

Mary M. McKay; William M. Bannon Jr

2004-01-01

377

Perceived Age Discrimination and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although perceived discrimination (especially due to race-ethnicity) decreases mental health, the influence of perceived discrimination due to other reasons on mental health needs to be explored. This study examines the relationship between perceived age discrimination and mental health and determines whether psychosocial resources explain or…

Yuan, Anastasia S. Vogt

2007-01-01

378

Perceived Age Discrimination and Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although perceived discrimination (especially due to race-ethnicity) decreases mental health, the influence of perceived discrimination due to other reasons on mental health needs to be explored. This study examines the relationship between perceived age discrimination and mental health and determines whether psychosocial resources explain or…

Yuan, Anastasia S. Vogt

2007-01-01

379

Mental Health Triage in Emergency Medicine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aim of this study was to: (i) develop a triage scale consistent with the National Triage Scale (NTS) for patients with mental health problems attending emergency departments; and (ii) to reduce emergency waiting times, transit times and improve skills assessing mental health problems.Method: We developed a Mental Health Triage Scale (MHTS) consistent with the NTS. The MHTS was

David Smart; Cecily Pollard; Bryan Walpole

1999-01-01

380

Leveraging Mental Health Dollars into Your District  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|By addressing common reasons that schools and mental health partners often cannot sustain sufficient school-based mental health services, Connecting With Care (CWC)--a mental health collaboration that places full-time clinicians in schools in Boston's most under-served urban neighborhood--is demonstrating how schools and districts can leverage…

Kilkenny, Robert; Katz, Nechama; Baron, Lisa

2009-01-01

381

IS GRADUATE SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION PROMOTING A CRITICAL APPROACH TO MENTAL HEALTH PRACTICE?  

Microsoft Academic Search

A sample of 71 psychopathology course syllabi from 58 different graduate schools of social work was analyzed to determine whether different viewpoints and the concomitant empirical evidence were presented regarding 4 significant mental health topics: concepts of mental disorder, reliability and validity of psychiatric diagnoses, biological etiology, and drug treatment. There is little evidence that graduate psychopathology courses cover viewpoints

Jeffrey R. Lacasse; Tomi Gomory

2003-01-01

382

Double Detention under the Mental Health Act 1983–A Case of Extra-Parliamentary Legislation?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mental Health Act 1983 introduced two new remand powers, one to enable accused persons to be remanded to hospital for reports on their mental condition, the other enabling remand for psychiatric treatment. This article reviews the use of these powers since the Act came into force and seeks to explain why they have not fulfilled the high expectations made

Phil Fennell

1991-01-01

383

The Transcultural Wellness Center: Rehabilitation and Recovery in Asian and Pacific Islander Mental Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Asian and Pacific Islander Americans (APIAs) are a diverse group, representing many cultures of origin, a range of immigration experiences, and varying access to economic and other resources. Despite stereotypes such as the “model minority” and cultural values that stigmatize mental illness and complicate mental health help-seeking, APIAs' psychiatric rehabilitation and recovery needs are significant. These needs are inadequately treated

Rebecca P. Cameron; Hendry Ton; Cynthia Yang; Marya C. Endriga; Mei-Fang Lan; Alan K. Koike

2008-01-01

384

From “Double Trouble” to “Dual Recovery”: Integrating Models of Recovery in Addiction and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conceptualizations and approaches to the treatment of co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders are currently in transition. With the dawning of the contemporary “recovery movement,” both the mental health and addictions fields are increasingly moving toward acknowledging that people with mental illnesses and addictions are first and foremost people rather than their diagnoses or disorders, subsequently replacing such phrases as

Larry Davidson; Raquel Andres-Hyman; Luis Bedregal; Janis Tondora; Jennifer Frey; Thomas A. Kirk Jr

2008-01-01

385

Parental Problem Recognition and Child Mental Health Service Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study estimates the prevalence and correlates of two components of problem recognition among parents and assesses their relative effects on child mental health service use in several settings. Analyses were based on data from a population-based sample of 1,420 youth-parent pairs. Child psychopathology and impairment were assessed using the Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Assessment. Problem perception was defined as

Sarah E. Teagle

2002-01-01

386

Prevalence of State Firearm Mortality and Mental Health Care Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

A disproportionate share of firearm suicides and homicides are committed by individuals who have a psychiatric diagnosis,\\u000a many with a history of substance abuse. This study assessed whether selected variables that potentially indicate increased\\u000a access to mental health care or known demographic risk factors for firearm trauma best predicted state variations in firearm\\u000a homicide and suicide. Partial correlation coefficients indicated

James H. Price; Adam J. Mrdjenovich; Joseph A. Dake

2009-01-01

387

Attitudes towards mental disorders and psychiatric treatment--changes over time in a Swedish population.  

PubMed

Over the years a lot of research of attitudes towards mental disorders, towards people with mental illness and towards psychiatric services and treatment have shown a persistent negative attitude. There are, however, few studies on changes over time. The aim of this study was to compare responses to a questionnaire on attitudes towards mental disorders and psychiatric patients and the perception of psychiatric treatment in a community in northern Sweden in 1976 and 2003. In 1976 a random sample of 391 persons 18-70 years of age were asked and in 2003 a new sample of 500 persons from the same community were approached with the same questions. There are considerable changes over time. In 2003, almost 90% agree to the statement that mental illness harms the reputation more than physical illness, compared with 50% in 1976. In 2003, 51% agreed to the statement "Most people with mental disorders commit violent acts more than others" compared with 24% in 1976. There is an apparent ambivalence towards psychiatric treatment. Whilst 88% would advice a person with mental problems to contact a psychiatrist, still 26% would not like themselves to be referred to a psychiatrist. We argue that improving treatment methods is as important as changing attitudes through accurate information. PMID:18609028

Ineland, Lisa; Jacobssson, Lars; Renberg, Ellinor Salander; Sjölander, Per

2008-01-01

388

Transforming the Nation's Health: Next Steps in Mental Health Promotion  

PubMed Central

The National Research Council and the Institute of Medicine have called for making the healthy mental, emotional, and behavioral development of young people a national priority. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) in the US Department of Health and Human Services is uniquely positioned to help develop national mental health policies that promote mental health and prevent mental illnesses. In this article I describe the role of mental health in overall health, I make the case for a public health approach to mental health promotion and mental illness prevention, and I outline a strategy to promote individual, family, and community resilience. I also describe how SAMHSA works to achieve these goals. Ultimately, true health reform will not succeed without a comprehensive, committed focus on the mental health needs of all Americans.

2010-01-01

389

Touching their lives: North Western Mental Health's approach to practice development in aged mental health.  

PubMed

The ongoing development of mental health practice is an important issue for consumers, carers, and clinicians. This paper outlines a practice development project undertaken by North Western Mental Health. The aim of the project was to assist nurses and direct care staff working in a residential facility to provide individualized, sensitive, therapeutic, and responsive care for long-term clients with severe mental illness. A clinical nurse educator was engaged to help facilitate changes to both attitudes and practices in a specialist environment catering to those with psychiatric, cognitive, and physical health concerns. The project identified institutionalized routines and practices that were entrenched within the setting and, with support and guidance from a clinical nurse educator, encouraged enhancement of clients' experience and choice. Nurses' clinical reasoning skills were also extended through this process. The project encouraged all staff to develop and maintain an awareness of residents' experience of receiving care in a potentially disempowering environment. In particular, nurses were challenged to consider how nursing, realized to its full potential, can touch the lives of residents and families. PMID:17535159

Fortune, Tracy; Ryan, Rob; Farrell, Janet; Garlick, Robyn

2007-06-01

390

Mental Health Issues of Muslim Americans  

PubMed Central

The underpinning of all research leading to various schools of thought in the field of psychiatry and psychology is without doubt a product of Western professionals who represent the religio-cultural traditions, historical symbols, and narratives of Western society. Also, the major schools of psychotherapy emerged during an era of individualism and logical positivism reflecting the religious, ethical, and cultural heritage that has shaped the modern Western society. Consequently, the methods and techniques developed in the West may not be always suitable and effective for Muslim Americans. To respond to the growing needs of psychiatric problems encountered by Muslim Americans, many community social service centers have been established in the United States during the past two decades. We now have a growing body of research data suggesting how to tailor our field to the specific needs of this population. We will discuss what kind of emotional and psychiatric problems are most prevalent in Muslim Americans and explain the therapeutic approaches mental health professionals have used and the treatment strategies which have been found effective in the psychosocial rehabilitation of Muslim Americans.

Basit, Abdul; Hamid, Mohammad

2010-01-01

391

Mental health issues of muslim americans.  

PubMed

The underpinning of all research leading to various schools of thought in the field of psychiatry and psychology is without doubt a product of Western professionals who represent the religio-cultural traditions, historical symbols, and narratives of Western society. Also, the major schools of psychotherapy emerged during an era of individualism and logical positivism reflecting the religious, ethical, and cultural heritage that has shaped the modern Western society. Consequently, the methods and techniques developed in the West may not be always suitable and effective for Muslim Americans. To respond to the growing needs of psychiatric problems encountered by Muslim Americans, many community social service centers have been established in the United States during the past two decades. We now have a growing body of research data suggesting how to tailor our field to the specific needs of this population. We will discuss what kind of emotional and psychiatric problems are most prevalent in Muslim Americans and explain the therapeutic approaches mental health professionals have used and the treatment strategies which have been found effective in the psychosocial rehabilitation of Muslim Americans. PMID:23864761

Basit, Abdul; Hamid, Mohammad

2010-11-01

392

Review of Mental Health Components of Health Systems Plans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This review of mental health components in health systems plans (HSP's), with each component organized by problem identification and problem solution categories, is intended to provide New England mental health planners with information on what other heal...

T. Silverstein

1979-01-01

393

General Practitioners' opinions on their practice in mental health and their collaboration with mental health professionals  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Common mental health problems are mainly treated in primary care settings and collaboration with mental health services is needed. Prior to re-organisation of the mental health care offer in a geographical area, a study was organized: 1) to evaluate GPs' opinions on their day-to-day practice with Patients with Mental Health Problems (PMHP) and on relationships with Mental Health Professionals

Nadia Younes; Isabelle Gasquet; Pierre Gaudebout; Marie-Pierre Chaillet; Viviane Kovess; Bruno Falissard; Marie-Christine Hardy Bayle

2005-01-01

394

What do African American youth with a mental illness think about help-seeking and psychiatric medication?: Origins of stigmatizing attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stigma greatly impacts African Americans' underutilization of mental health treatment. Stigmatizing attitudes are attributed to racial mistrust, familial, religious and cultural beliefs. However, most research on influences of these attitudes has been conducted with adults. Origins among adolescents may be unique because they have different competing influences relative to development. Identifying these influences is crucial to promoting utilization of psychiatric

Derrick Kranke; Joseph Guada; Bridget Kranke; Jerry Floersch

2011-01-01

395

Rural mental health: neither romanticism nor despair.  

PubMed

This paper explores the relationship between rural places and mental health. It begins with a definition of mental health and an outline of the data that have led to the current concern with promoting positive mental health. We then consider aspects of rural life and place that contribute to positive mental health or increase the likelihood of mental health problems. Issues identified include environment, place, gender identity, violence and dispossession and the influence of the effects of structural changes in rural communities. The paper concludes with a discussion of some of the determinants of resilience in rural places, including social connectedness, valuing diversity and economic participation. PMID:11249401

Wainer, J; Chesters, J

2000-06-01

396

Risk assessment in mental health care: values and costs.  

PubMed

Risk assessment has assumed increasing salience in mental health care in a number of countries. The frequency of serious violent incidents perpetrated by people with a mental illness is an insufficient explanation. Understandings of mental illness and of the role of those charged with their care (or control) play a key role. "Moral outrage", associated with an implied culpability when certain types of tragedy occur, is very significant. This leads to tensions concerning the role of post-incident inquiries, and contributes to a flawed conception of what such inquiries can offer. At the same time, understanding of probability and prediction is generally very poor, among both professionals and the public. Unrealistic expectations for risk assessment and management in general psychiatric practice carry a variety of significant costs, taking a number forms, to those with a mental illness, to mental health professionals and to services. Especially important are changes in professional practice and accountabilities that are significantly divorced from traditional practice, implications for trust in patient-clinician relationships and the organisations in which mental health professionals work, and practices that often breach the ethical principle of justice (or fairness) and heighten discrimination against people with mental illness. PMID:23296543

Szmukler, George; Rose, Nikolas

2013-01-07

397

Integrating Mental Health Promotion and Substance Abuse Prevention on College Campuses. Prevention Update  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to the American Psychiatric Association, college can be an exciting time, though for some it can be overwhelming and stressful. Depression, anxiety, substance use, and eating disorders are common mental health issues on college campuses. The 2010 American College Health Association National College Health Assessment found that 28 percent…

Higher Education Center for Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Violence Prevention, 2011

2011-01-01

398

Farming and Mental Health Problems and Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Farmers experience one of the highest rates of suicide of any industry and there is growing evidence that those involved in farming are at higher risk of developing mental health problems. This article provides an overview of the literature examining mental health issues experienced by farming populations in the United Kingdom, Europe, Australia, Canada and the United States and

C. E. Fraser; K. B. Smith; F. Judd; J. S. Humphreys; L. J. Fragar; A. Henderson

2005-01-01

399

Mental health promotion and mental illness prevention: the economic case  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental ill health is the largest single cause of disability in the UK, contributing almost 23% of the overall burden of disease compared to about 16% each for cancer and cardiovascular disease. The economic and social costs of mental health problems in England are estimated at around £105 billion each year.

Martin Knapp; David McDaid; Michael Parsonage

2011-01-01

400

Terrorism, suicide bombing, fear and mental health.  

PubMed

This paper is based on the Bruce Burns Memorial Trust Lecture, Terrorism and Mental Health, presented in October 2005, in Birmingham. In addition to written sources, it is informed by the author's experience and contact with military and police experts in this arena over 28 years as a member of the British Army. The diagnosis and treatment of post traumatic mental disorders are not addressed in this paper. The author explores the general phenomenon of terrorism, in an endeavour to inform understanding of terrorist acts. He stresses the need for contextualisation of acts of terror, their perpetrators, their effects on populations and individuals, and attention to the psychology of groups. The author aims to invite and inform further thought and debate on the subject by raising a wide range of issues which do not sit comfortably within a strict psychiatric, research-based paradigm. The author covers a brief history of terrorism; organisational requirements of terror groups and the process of recruiting personnel to them; the means, motives and opportunities terrorists exploit in their work; the need for communication with terror groups; sacrificial death; governmental responses to terrorist acts and fear and mental health. The author proposes that terrorist organisations perform some of the functions of a family; that acts of terror are 'propaganda by deed'; that terrorism, or more precisely the media's treatment of it, breeds 'formless fears' which may directly lead to the development of fear-based symptoms and illness within societies. He notes that terrorism is an enterprise from which many players ('experts', media, politicians, etc.) benefit; that terrorism has its shadow in counter-terrorism, which may range from benign to malignant and that psychiatry could, in this context, acknowledge its bias towards individual psychologies and rectify its lack of understanding of groups and the behaviours of individuals within them. PMID:17566906

Palmer, Ian

2007-06-01

401

Ethical issues in mental health  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review To describe community engaged research (CEnR) and how it may improve the quality of a research study while addressing ethical concerns that communities may have with mental health and substance abuse research. This article includes a review of the literature as well as recommendations from an expert panel convened with funding from the US National Institute of Mental Health. Recent findings CEnR represents a broad spectrum of practices including representation on institutional ethics committees, attitude research with individuals from the study population, engaging community advisory boards, forming research partnerships with community organizations, and including community members as co-investigators. Summary CEnR poses some challenges; for example, it requires funding and training for researchers and community members. However, it offers many benefits to researchers and communities and some form of CEnR is appropriate and feasible in nearly every study involving human participants.

DuBois, James; Bailey-Burch, Brendolyn; Bustillos, Dan; Campbell, Jean; Cottler, Linda; Fisher, Celia; Hadley, Whitney B.; Hoop, Jinger G.; Roberts, Laura; Salter, Erica K.; Sieber, Joan E.; Stevenson, Richard D.

2012-01-01

402

Defendants with Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Health Diagnoses: Faring in a Mental Health Court  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Begun in the late 1990s, mental health courts are specialty criminal courts developed to address the needs of persons with mental illness. Methods: As many persons with intellectual disabilities (IDs) may overlap in the mental health court system, we used mental health court records to examine the phenomenology and outcomes of 224…

Burke, M. M.; Griggs, M.; Dykens, E. M.; Hodapp, R. M.

2012-01-01

403

Defendants with Intellectual Disabilities and Mental Health Diagnoses: Faring in a Mental Health Court  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Begun in the late 1990s, mental health courts are specialty criminal courts developed to address the needs of persons with mental illness. Methods: As many persons with intellectual disabilities (IDs) may overlap in the mental health court system, we used mental health court records to examine the phenomenology and outcomes of 224…

Burke, M. M.; Griggs, M.; Dykens, E. M.; Hodapp, R. M.

2012-01-01

404

Global Mental Health 2 Resources for mental health: scarcity, inequity, and inefficiency  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resources for mental health include policy and infrastructure within countries, mental health services, community resources, human resources, and funding. We discuss here the general availability of these resources, especially in low-income and middle-income countries. Government spending on mental health in most of the relevant countries is far lower than is needed, based on the proportionate burden of mental disorders and

Shekhar Saxena; Graham Thornicroft; Martin Knapp; Harvey Whiteford

405

Mental Health Net: Professional Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of a much larger meta-resource, this site contains annotated, rated resources in over 25 subject categories, as well as associations, academic departments, employment, mailing lists, and newsgroups, among other resources. MHN has a rating system (one to four stars), based on content, presentation, ease of use, and overall experience. Interestingly, users are also allowed to interactively vote thumbs up or down on annotated resources. Mental Health Net and CMHC Systems maintain this site.

1998-01-01

406

Social ties and mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is generally agreed that social ties play a beneficial role in the maintenance of psychological well-being. In this targeted\\u000a review, we highlight four sets of insights that emerge from the literature on social ties and mental health outcomes (defined\\u000a as stress reactions, psychological well-being, and psychological distress, including depressive symptoms and anxiety). First,\\u000a the pathways by which social networks

Ichiro Kawachi; Lisa F. Berkman

2001-01-01

407

Focus on mental health care reforms in Europe. Mental health services in Europe: an overview.  

PubMed

Psychiatric services in Europe are experiencing a period of change, driven by political commitment at national and intergovernmental levels in response to the public health challenges posed by mental health problems. However, diversity among European countries makes any generalization speculative. Resources such as funding, workforce, and infrastructure vary dramatically, and new investment is limited. Some European countries can take pride in sophisticated service systems, whereas others continue to rely almost exclusively on asylums. Reforms are hampered by a lack of comparable information and a lack of research, particularly in less developed countries. However, many exciting local initiatives are emerging, even in the poorest countries. The challenge will be to translate good local practice into national policies and practice, supported by adequate resources. PMID:18451001

Muijen, Matt

2008-05-01

408

Attitudes Toward the Mentally Ill in a Sample of Professionals Working in a Psychiatric Hospital in Beijing (China)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The attitudes of psychiatric doctors and nurses toward the mentally ill in a large urban psychiatric hospital in China were compared using the Community Attitudes toward the Mentally III (CAMI). Data indicated that the attitude of professionals differed on 11 of the 40 questions of this instrument. Those questions are divided along 4 dimensions: authoritarianism, benevolence, social restrictiveness and rehabilitation

Robert Sévigny; Yang Wenying; Zhang Peiyan; Jacques D. Marleau; Yang Zhouyun; Su Lin; Li GuowangUOWAN; Xu Dong; Wang Yanling; Wang Haijun

1999-01-01

409

A program to educate school nurses about mental health interventions.  

PubMed

Concerned with the increasing incidence of mental health problems in children and adolescents and the impact of these problems on students' school success and predisposition to self- and other-directed violence, the Multnomah Education Service District Department of School Health Services determined to become proactive by providing preventive interventions for students experiencing actual or potential mental health problems. An educational program was designed to assist school nurses in the identification of potential mental health problems. In addition, information about appropriate interventions for students at risk for aggression, violence, and other mental health pathology was presented. The program involved education on mental health assessment and intervention, as well as expert psychiatric clinical support for the development of student support groups. School nurses were then challenged to develop practice improvement projects incorporating this knowledge for a group of students in their work setting. This introductory article describes the project's general rationale and implementation process. The four articles following in this issue of The Journal of School Nursing describe the goals, implementation, and outcomes of the practice improvement projects developed for early intervention with students exhibiting attention disorders, school absenteeism, social withdrawal, and depression. PMID:12201655

Hootman, Janis; Houck, Gail M; King, Mary Catherine

2002-08-01

410

Mental health problems in youths committed to juvenile institutions: prevalences and treatment needs  

PubMed Central

Many international studies show that adolescents in coercive institutional care display high prevalences of mental disorders, especially in the form of disruptive behavior disorders [including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD), oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder], anxiety disorders, and mood disorders. High degrees of overlap across mental disorders have also been reported. In addition, institutionalized adolescents are often traumatized. Despite this well-documented psychiatric morbidity, the mental health care needs of detained adolescents are often overlooked. The main objective of this study is to assess prevalences of psychiatric disorders, results of intelligence tests, and previous contacts with child and adolescent psychiatric services among adolescents in institutional care. DSM-IV diagnoses, mental health contacts, substance abuse, neurocognitive abilities, and school performance were registered in 100 adolescents (92 boys, 8 girls) aged 12–19 years (mean age 16.0; SD ± 1.5) consecutively committed to Swedish juvenile institutions between 2004 and 2007. At least one psychiatric disorder was diagnosed in 73% of the subjects: 48% met DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for AD/HD, 17% for an autism spectrum disorder, and 10% for a mental retardation. The collapsed prevalence for psychiatric disorders requiring specialist attention was 63%. Our data indicate that systematic diagnostic procedures are crucial in the treatment planning for institutionalized adolescents. Adequate treatment strategies need to be designed and implemented to meet the extensive mental health care needs of this vulnerable population.

Anckarsater, Henrik; Nilsson, Thomas

2010-01-01

411

The mental health nurse: contributing to improved outcomes for patients in the emergency department  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fundamental changes to health-care policy in Australia have led to an increase in the extent to which emergency department staff come into contact with patients experiencing mental health problems. This has been problematic for nurses, many of whom perceive themselves as lacking the skills and expertise to provide appropriate care and treatment to this client group. Psychiatric\\/mental health consultation-liaison nursing

T. Wand; B. Happell

2001-01-01

412

Issues in Children's Mental Health. Special Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Kids Count report examines issues related to children's mental health in Virginia. The report discusses the effects of children's mental illness, presents risk and protective factors, and describes the incidence of children's mental health problems. Information specific to Virginia is presented, including the prevalence of youth suicide,…

Nimmo, Margaret L.

413

Patient Advocacy: A Mental Health Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the Protection and Advocacy for Mentally Ill Individuals Act of 1986. Describes recent mental health reform history. Defines patient advocates' role and responsibilities. Presents illustrations of types of cases encountered by patient advocate. Explores implications of this role for the mental health counselor. (Author/CM)

Woodside, Marianne R.; Legg, Bobbie H.

1990-01-01

414

The Mental Health Act and the Mental Capacity Act: untangling the relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Mental Health Act (1983) and the Mental Capacity Act (2005) (both amended by the Mental Health Act (2007)) together provide a comprehensive framework for the care and treatment of people with a mental disorder in England and Wales. The Mental Health Act relates solely to the treatment of mental disorders whilst the Mental Capacity Act has much wider applicability

Daniel P. Herlihy; Frank Holloway

2009-01-01

415

Mental Health under National Health Care Reform: The Empirical Foundations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews research pertinent to mental health services under health care reform proposals. Examines redistributional impact of inclusion of outpatient mental health benefits, optimal benefit packages, and findings that mental health services lower medical utilization costs. Argues that extending minimalist model of time-limited benefits to national…

Hudson, Christopher G.; DeVito, Jo Anne

1994-01-01

416

Mental health of hospital consultants: the effects of stress and satisfaction at work  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryBackground Burnout and psychiatric morbidity among gastroenterologists, surgeons, radiologists, and oncologists in the UK have been estimated by means of a questionnaire-based survey. The relationship between consultants' mental health and their job stress and satisfaction, as well as their job and demographic characteristics, were also examined.Methods Psychiatric morbidity was estimated using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. The three components of

A. J Ramirez; J Graham; M. A Richards; W. M Gregory; A Cull

1996-01-01

417

Contemporary perspectives on spirituality and mental health.  

PubMed

The paper strives to elucidate the complex yet intimate relation between spirituality and mental health from contemporary perspectives. The diverse and constantly evolving views that spiritualists and mental health professionals have held toward each other over last century are discussed with special accent on the transpersonal spiritual framework within psychology. The role of spirituality in promoting mental health and alleviating mental illness is highlighted. The paper is concluded with an increasing need to integrate spirituality within the mental health field albeit there are several impediments in achieving the same, which need to be worked through circumspectly. PMID:21938086

Sharma, Pulkit; Charak, Ruby; Sharma, Vibha

2009-01-01

418

From Mental Disorder to Iatrogenic Hypogonadism: Dilemmas in Conceptualizing Gender Identity Variants as Psychiatric Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The categorization of gender identity variants (GIVs) as “mental disorders” in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association is highly controversial among professionals as well as among persons with GIV.\\u000a After providing a brief history of GIV categorizations in the DSM, this paper presents some of the major issues of the ongoing\\u000a debate:

Heino F. L. Meyer-Bahlburg

2010-01-01

419

Topics in Mental Health Planning. Part II. A Review of Mental Health nd Mental Retardation Diagnostic Systems.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

There are a great variety of reference diagnostic systems available for mental health and mental retardation. Presented here is a sample designed to facilitate some better understanding of these diagnostic systems and their specific uses, both to mental h...

R. F. Minnehan

1979-01-01

420

Occupational Incidence Rates of Mental Health Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study attempted to provide occupational health professionals with an empirical basis for identifying and selecting specific occupations for further research into the relationship between job stress and worker health. Specifically, this involved an examination of the admission records of community mental health centers throughout one state (Tennessee) to determine the incidence rate of diagnosed mental health disorders for 130

Michael J. Colligan; Michael J. Smith; Joseph J. Hurrell Jr

1977-01-01

421

Child Physical Abuse and Adult Mental Health: A National Study  

PubMed Central

This study characterizes adults who report being physically abused during childhood, and examines associations of reported type and frequency of abuse with adult mental health. Data were derived from the 2000–2001 and 2004–2005 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a large cross-sectional survey of a representative sample (N = 43,093) of the U.S. population. Weighted means, frequencies, and odds ratios of sociodemographic correlates and prevalence of psychiatric disorders were computed. Logistic regression models were used to examine the strength of associations between child physical abuse and adult psychiatric disorders adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, other childhood adversities, and comorbid psychiatric disorders. Child physical abuse was reported by 8% of the sample and was frequently accompanied by other childhood adversities. Child physical abuse was associated with significantly increased adjusted odds ratios (AORs) of a broad range of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders (AOR = 1.16–2.28), especially attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and bipolar disorder. A dose-response relationship was observed between frequency of abuse and several adult psychiatric disorder groups; higher frequencies of assault were significantly associated with increasing adjusted odds. The long-lasting deleterious effects of child physical abuse underscore the urgency of developing public health policies aimed at early recognition and prevention.

Sugaya, Luisa; Hasin, Deborah S.; Olfson, Mark; Lin, Keng-Han; Grant, Bridget F.; Blanco, Carlos

2013-01-01

422

Psychiatric and Medical Health Care Policies in Juvenile Detention Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesMany adolescents admitted to detention facilities have serious mental and physical health problems. Little is known about policies for the delivery of mental and physical health care in these settings. Our objective was to describe current health care policies in U.S. detention facilities.

KATHLEEN A. PAJER; KELLY KELLEHER; RAVINDRA A. GUPTA; JENNIFER ROLLS; WILLIAM GARDNER

2007-01-01

423

Variations in prison mental health services in England and Wales.  

PubMed

In responding to high levels of psychiatric morbidity amongst prisoners and recognising earlier poor quality prison mental health care, prison mental health in-reach teams have been established in England and Wales over the last decade. They are mostly provided by the National Health Service (NHS), which provides the majority of UK healthcare services. Over the same period, the prison population has grown to record levels, such that prisons in England and Wales now contain almost 90,000 of the world's overall prison population of over 10 million people (roughly the size of Paris or Istanbul). This study provides an overview of mental health in-reach services in prisons in England and Wales, including variations between them, through a telephone survey of senior staff in all prisons and young offender institutions in England and Wales. 73% of prisons took part; of them 13% had no in-reach team at all (usually low security establishments) and the majority of services were run by NHS teams, usually according to a generic community mental health team (CMHT) model rather than other specialist models. Team size was unrelated to prison size. Each nurse covered around 500 prisoners, each doctor over 3700. Many provided few or no healthcare cells and 24-h psychiatric cover (including on-call cover) was uncommon. Despite developments in recent years, mental health in-reach services still fall short of community equivalence and there is wide variation in service arrangements that cannot be explained by prison size or function. The aim of community equivalence has not yet been reached in prison healthcare and a more sophisticated measure of service improvement and standardisation would now be useful to drive and monitor future development. PMID:23669592

Forrester, Andrew; Exworthy, Tim; Olumoroti, Olumuyiwa; Sessay, Mohammed; Parrott, Janet; Spencer, Sarah-Jane; Whyte, Sean

2013-05-10

424

Farmers' suicide in India: implications for public mental health.  

PubMed

Farmers' suicide in India is a cause of concern and government figures, though conservative, predict an impending epidemic. Various measures to curb this calamity are being made in a piecemeal manner. Considering it as an issue of social and mental health concern, this article attempts to evaluate the situation based on the tenet that health and illness are the result of a complex interplay between biological, psychological, social, environmental, economic and political factors. Thus in India the agrarian crisis, among other causes, has been largely debated as the major reason for the current state of farmers. It is important that (psychiatric) epidemiology and public mental health try to evolve mechanisms to understand and implement measures, and take this into consideration when attempting health promotion and prevention. PMID:21252353

Das, Anindya

2011-01-01

425

What is good mental health nursing? A survey of Irish nurses.  

PubMed

The practice, theory, and preparation associated with nursing people with mental health issues has changed in profound ways in recent decades. This has in part been reflected by a shift in nurses identifying as being mental health rather than psychiatric nurses. Context, theory, and values shape what it means to be a mental health nurse. Thirty experienced mental health nurses in Ireland completed a survey on what good mental health nursing is and a definition induced from their responses. Mental health nursing is a professional, client-centered, goal-directed activity based on sound evidence, focused on the growth, development, and recovery of people with complex mental health needs. It involves caring, empathic, insightful, and respectful nurses using interpersonal skills to draw upon and develop the personal resources of individuals and to facilitate change in partnership with the individual and in collaboration with friends, family, and the health care team. This appears to encapsulate the best of what it meant to be a psychiatric nurse, but challenges remain regarding how to reconcile or whether to discard coercive practices incompatible with mental health nursing. PMID:22633584

Lakeman, Richard

2012-01-12

426

Rural-Urban Differences in Psychiatric Status and Functioning Among Clients with Severe Mental Illness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies of clients with severe mental illness (SMI) typically focus on individuals in larger urban areas. Less is known about clients in rural and smaller urban areas. Here we compare the psychiatric status, home and community activities of daily living, and social and vocational functioning of 1600 adult clients with SMI from 18 small-city and rural Wisconsin counties. Rural clients

Susan L. Dottl; James R. Greenley

1997-01-01

427

Attitudes Toward Mental Illness and Role Conceptions of Psychiatric Patients and Staff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The patients and staff of a psychiatric hospital were asked about their attitudes toward mental illness and how they conceive the roles of various patient and staff groups in the therapeutic community. The focus was on the bipolar dimension of "Custodial" vs. "Accountability" orientation. (Author)|

Rosenbaum, Michael; And Others

1976-01-01

428

Ethnic differences in emergency psychiatric care and hospitalization in a program for the severely mentally ill  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ethnic differences in rehospitalization were examined in a program of intensive services for severely mentally ill hospital recidivists. The purpose was to determine whether ethnicity-related differences in psychiatric admissions observed in national data would appear among clients at great risk for hospitalization but enrolled in a program of case-managed care to promote community adjustment and tenure. After accounting for differences

Lonnie R. Snowden; Jane Holschuh

1992-01-01

429

Alternatives to the mental hospital: use of residential facilities for long-term psychiatric care.  

PubMed

We examine the use of the mental hospital and alternative residential facilities by 149 chronic psychiatric patients in Ontario. All major movements of patients since the time of first admission were recorded, including the number of episodes and duration of hospitalization and placement in alternative facilities and in the community. Clinical and social variables thought likely to influence use were correlated with duration, placement, and mobility. In spite of the lack of formal criteria for placement, relatively discrete and homogeneous populations were found in each facility and clear patterns of use could be distinguished. For many patients, their present placement represents their most typical setting and implies a particular route through the psychiatric services. We describe factors relating to different types of movements, and emphasize the continuing importance of the mental hospital in long-term psychiatric care. PMID:407883

Sylph, J A; Kedward, H B

1977-08-01

430

Recruitment and Retention of Mental Health Workers in Ghana  

PubMed Central

Introduction The lack of trained mental health workers is a primary contributor to the mental health treatment gap worldwide. Despite the great need to recruit and retain mental health workers in low-income countries, little is known about how these workers perceive their jobs and what drives them to work in mental health care. Using qualitative interviews, we aimed to explore factors motivating mental health workers in order to inform interventions to increase recruitment and retention. Methods We conducted 28 in-depth, open-ended interviews with staff in Ghana’s three public psychiatric hospitals. We used the snowballing method to recruit participants and the constant comparative method for qualitative data analysis, with multiple members of the research team participating in data coding to enhance the validity and reliability of the analysis. The use of qualitative methods allowed us to understand the range and depth of motivating and demotivating factors. Results Respondents described many factors that influenced their choice to enter and remain in mental health care. Motivating factors included 1) desire to help patients who are vulnerable and in need, 2) positive day-to-day interactions with patients, 3) intellectual or academic interest in psychiatry or behavior, and 4) good relationships with colleagues. Demotivating factors included 1) lack of resources at the hospital, 2) a rigid supervisory hierarchy, 3) lack of positive or negative feedback on work performance, and 4) few opportunities for career advancement within mental health. Conclusions Because many of the factors are related to relationships, these findings suggest that strengthening the interpersonal and team dynamics may be a critical and relatively low cost way to increase worker motivation. The data also allowed us to highlight key areas for resource allocation to improve both recruitment and retention, including risk pay, adequate tools for patient care, improved hospital work environment, and stigma reduction efforts.

Jack, Helen; Canavan, Maureen; Ofori-Atta, Angela; Taylor, Lauren; Bradley, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

431

The mental health exchange: An important function of a community Mental Health Center  

Microsoft Academic Search

A team of professional staff persons, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, public health nurses, etc., accompanied by a group of volunteer women who have been trained as mental health aides, provides county residents with counseling and information regarding mental health problems. The Mental Health Exchange offers those in the community an “open house,” twice a week, to discuss their interests

Morton Cooper; Curtis G. Southard

1966-01-01

432

AIMHI NT 'Mental Health Story Teller Mob': Developing stories in mental health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian Integrated Mental Health Initiative in the Northern Territory is one of a number of sites funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council. The project has been working with Aboriginal Mental Health Workers (AMHWs), and the Top End Division of General Practice (TEDGP) to adapt mental health information to the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander context through

Tricia Nagel; Carolyn Thompson

2007-01-01

433

U.S. military enlisted accession mental health screening: history and current practice.  

PubMed

Through the stimulus of war and concerns about neuropsychiatric disability, the U.S. military developed methods to rapidly screen the mental health of World War I and II draftees. Intelligence testing and brief psychiatric screening expanded the accession physical examination and underwent revision to identify only gross mental health disability. Supplemental psychiatric evaluations and written psychological screening tools were abandoned after postwar assessments; they demonstrated poor predictive power in evaluating recruit service capacity for combat environments. Currently, only three mental health accession tools are used to screen applicants before their entrance into military service, namely, educational achievement, cognitive testing, and a cursory psychiatric evaluation. The Navy and Air Force use a fourth screening measure during entry-level training. Educational attainment with high school graduation has been the strongest predictor of finishing a service term. The purpose of this article is to provide both a historical review and a review of testing efforts. PMID:17274262

Cardona, Robert Andrew; Ritchie, Elspeth Cameron

2007-01-01

434

The response of mental health professionals to clients seeking help to change or redirect same-sex sexual orientation  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: we know very little about mental health practitioners' views on treatments to change sexual orientation. Our aim was to survey a representative sample of professional members of the main United Kingdom psychotherapy and psychiatric organisations about their views and practices concerning such treatments. METHODS: We sent postal questions to mental health professionals who were members of British Psychological Society,

Annie Bartlett; Glenn Smith; Michael King

2009-01-01

435

Building primary care practitioners’ attitudes and confidence in mental health skills in post-conflict Bosnia and Herzegovina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our program attempted to integrate community mental health in primary care settings in post-conflict Travnik, Bosnia and Herzegovina. The training program underwent an extensive evaluation to determine its impact on the mental health knowledge, confidence in performing medical and psychiatric procedures, skills and attitudes of 93 Bosnian primary care practitioners (PCPs). There was a significant improvement in PCPs confidence in

David C. Henderson; Aida Kapetanovic; Melissa A. Culhane; James Lavelle; Kate Miley; Deborah Gray; Christina P. Borba; Richard F. Mollica

2008-01-01

436

Promoting and Protecting Mental Health as Flourishing: A Complementary Strategy for Improving National Mental Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article summarizes the conception and diagnosis of the mental health continuum, the findings supporting the two continua model of mental health and illness, and the benefits of flourishing to individuals and society. Completely mentally healthy adults--individuals free of a 12-month mental disorder and flourishing--reported the fewest missed…

Keyes, Corey L. M.

2007-01-01

437

The Mental Health Care Act No 17 - South Africa. Trials and triumphs: 2002-2012.  

PubMed

The Mental Health Care Act 17 of 2002 (MHCA) was promulgated in 2004. It has been hailed as one of the most progressive pieces of mental health legislation. A true measure of its merit is the degree to which it has transformed mental health services and in particular improved the quality of care. This paper will describe the impact of the Act on mental health care service delivery in the country. Literature pertaining to the MHCA published from 2006-2012, a report compiled by the South African Society of Psychiatrists and the results of a national survey conducted among Heads of Departments of Psychiatry, Mental Health Review Boards and Provincial Directors of Mental Health was reviewed. The MHCA has been successful in shifting the emphasis of care from psychiatric institutions to general hospitals. However, the integration of services has been hampered by infrastructure constraints and shortages of mental health personnel. It has been less successful in integrating mental health care into primary health services where the focus remains largely on the pharmacological maintenance treatment of the chronically mentally ill. Little attention has been given to the health promotion, disease prevention and rehabilitation aspects of care. Mental health review boards contend with limited resources, administrative challenges and limited political support. Isolated pockets of success characterised the implementation of the MHCA across the country. Greater investment of resources is needed to ensure the comprehensive implementation of the Act. PMID:23160614

Ramlall, S

2012-11-01

438

Physical health, mental health, and substance abuse problems of shelter users.  

PubMed

This article summarizes physical health, mental health, and substance abuse problems of users of four of Detroit's largest homeless shelters. Shelter users with mental illness or substance abuse problems were compared with those without these problems. Alcohol abusers were significantly more likely to have low blood pressure, symptoms of liver disease, and a tuberculosis treatment history. No health differences were found for those with or without a history of psychiatric hospitalization. Contrary to expectations, few gender differences were found. Aside from the obvious need for low-income housing, comprehensive and integrated treatment approaches from health care, mental health, and substance abuse agencies are needed to help homeless individuals. Social workers need to become more directly involved in service and policy issues for this vulnerable population. PMID:8168778

Harris, S N; Mowbray, C T; Solarz, A

1994-02-01

439

42 CFR 431.620 - Agreement with State mental health authority or mental institutions.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... 2012-10-01 false Agreement with State mental health authority or mental institutions. 431.620 Section 431.620...Agencies § 431.620 Agreement with State mental health authority or mental institutions. (a)...

2012-10-01

440

The Mental Health Librarian: A Member of the Team  

Microsoft Academic Search

THIS PAPER WILL REVIEW current practices and emerging trends in mental health librarianship as they have developed with the growth of the mental health field. Mental health librarians are defined here as professionals who provide library service in both public and private mental health and\\/or health sciences institutions, agencies and organi- zations. The mental health field is here considered as

LEONA MACKLER

441

Substance Parity Laws and the Detection and Treatment of Substance Use Disorders Among Adolescents in Mental Health Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the association between substance use parity laws and the detection\\/treatment of co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders among adolescents seeking treatment within a mental health setting. Data were drawn from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration 1997 Client\\/Patient Sample Survey (CPSS). The CPSS is a nationally representative survey of mental health service use obtained from

Lisa C. Dierker; Eve M. Sledjeski; Stephanie Marshall; Sarah Johnson

2009-01-01

442

Childhood and Adolescence: Challenges in Mental Health  

PubMed Central

Mental health is an integral and essential component of health. The World Health Organization (WHO) constitution states: “Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” More than 450 million people suffer from mental disorders worldwide. In India, mental health services, especially for children and adolescents, are limited both in terms of number of facilities as well as trained professionals. The majority of mental health services are restricted to urban areas, that is, medical colleges or regional mental health institutes. Mere presence of a treatment facility does not guarantee that all children/adolescents suffering from mental illness will utilize such services. In fact, most of the time there is a significant delay from the patient side in accessing mental health services either because of lack of awareness or associated stigma. It is high time to promote positive mental health in children, adolescents and their parents through health education. Parental counseling is of utmost importance in order to avoid the delay in treatment seeking.

Shrivastava, Saurabh RamBiharilal; Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh; Ramasamy, Jegadeesh

2013-01-01

443

Findings from mental health screening of newly arrived refugees in Colorado.  

PubMed Central

States are required to provide a public health screening for all newly arrived refugees in the United States. In 1997, a comprehensive program was created to include both a physical examination and a mental health screening. This article provides a complete description of the mental health screening process, including two illustrative cases, and reports information about the refugees who participated in the program. Ten percent of screened refugees were offered mental health referrals; of those, 37% followed up. Refugees who presented for treatment reported a higher number of symptoms upon screening compared with those who were offered referrals but did not follow up. Psychiatric evaluation confirmed that those who screened positive and presented for treatment were experiencing a high level of suffering and qualified for mental health diagnoses. The findings support inclusion of a mental health screening as part of the public health screening.

Savin, Daniel; Seymour, Deborah J.; Littleford, Linh Nguyen; Bettridge, Juli; Giese, Alexis

2005-01-01

444

Recognition rights, mental health consumers and reconstructive cultural semantics  

PubMed Central

Introduction Those in mental health-related consumer movements have made clear their demands for humane treatment and basic civil rights, an end to stigma and discrimination, and a chance to participate in their own recovery. But theorizing about the politics of recognition, 'recognition rights' and epistemic justice, suggests that they also have a stake in the broad cultural meanings associated with conceptions of mental health and illness. Results First person accounts of psychiatric diagnosis and mental health care (shown here to represent 'counter stories' to the powerful 'master narrative' of biomedical psychiatry), offer indications about how experiences of mental disorder might be reframed and redefined as part of efforts to acknowledge and honor recognition rights and epistemic justice. However, the task of cultural semantics is one for the entire culture, not merely consumers. These new meanings must be negotiated. When they are not the result of negotiation, group-wrought definitions risk imposing a revision no less constraining than the mis-recognizing one it aims to replace. Contested realities make this a challenging task when it comes to cultural meanings about mental disorder. Examples from mental illness memoirs about two contested realities related to psychosis are examined here: the meaninglessness of symptoms, and the role of insight into illness. They show the magnitude of the challenge involved - for consumers, practitioners, and the general public - in the reconstruction of these new meanings and realities. Conclusion To honor recognition rights and epistemic justice acknowledgement must be made of the heterogeneity of the effects of, and of responses to, psychiatric diagnosis and care, and the extent of the challenge of the reconstructive cultural semantics involved.

2012-01-01

445

Childhood mental ability and lifetime psychiatric contact A 66-year follow-up study of the 1932 Scottish Mental Ability Survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

We test the hypothesis that intelligence is related to the risk of mental illness by linking childhood mental ability data to registers of psychiatric contact within a stable population in northeast Scotland. Data from a validated mental ability test administered to all 1921 born Scottish schoolchildren on June 1, 1932 were transformed into age-adjusted IQs. About 52.1% of those tested

Nicholas P. Walker; Pauline M. McConville; David Hunter; Ian J. Deary; Lawrence J. Whalley

446

Marriage and Mental Health among Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marriage is widely thought to confer mental health benefits, but little is known about how this apparent benefit may vary across the life course. Early marriage, which is nonnormative, could have no, or even negative, mental health consequences for young adults. Using survey data from waves 1 and 3 of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 11,695),

Jeremy E. Uecker

2012-01-01

447

National Estimates of Mental Health Insurance Benefits.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study provides estimates of the number of individuals in the United States in 1999 who had mental health benefits as a part of their health insurance coverage, the subset of those individuals who had mental health benefits that met or exceeded a benc...

M. Maxfield L. Achman A. Cook

2004-01-01

448

Mental health care: Access, stigma, and effectiveness  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the lack of commitment by the US as a nation to ensure that high-quality mental health care will be provided to all who are in need. The mental health benefits under Medicare and Medicaid programs are meager at best. Psychologists and other nonphysician health care providers are not considered bona fide professionals. Prevention, program evaluation efforts, and the use

Daniel K. Inouye

1983-01-01

449

Maori Identification, Drinking Motivation and Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research examining the relationships among Maori cultural identification, drinking behaviour, drinking motivation and mental\\u000a health is almost non-existent. A review of literature suggests that stronger Maori identification could be associated with\\u000a lower alcohol consumption on a typical occasion, less frequent drinking, drinking to enhance mood or sociability (positive\\u000a reinforcement) and better mental health. Maori identification and mental health would be

Dave Clarke; Erin Ebbett

2010-01-01

450

The challenge of auditing mental health.  

PubMed

A changing environment which includes increased competition and changing philosophies of providing mental health services reflect an increased need for an information gathering instrument to provide the foundation for developing strategic plans in mental health organizations. The initial step in the planning process is collecting and systematizing the data necessary to the organization's functioning. A marketing audit specifically designed to encompass the special problems encountered in the mental health organization is presented in this paper. PMID:10303626

Hill, C J

1989-01-01

451

Mental Health Issues for Older Adults in Medical Settings: Introduction to the Special Issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well known that older adults with mental health problems infrequently seek out psychiatric or psychological services. Instead, they more often present for assistance to medical settings, in particular primary care (Blazer et al., 1991; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 1999). This may be due at least in part to patient preferences, but the pattern most certainly

Melinda A. Stanley

2001-01-01

452

The Impact of Managed Behavioral Health Care on Rehabilitation Services to Persons with Serious Mental Illness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This monograph examines issues in the field of psychosocial/psychiatric rehabilitation (PSR) services for people with serious mental illness, placed in the context of a debate within the field about trends toward managed behavioral health care companies. Four main issues are addressed: (1) the degree to which managed behavioral health care…

Rutman, Irvin D.; Baron, Richard C.; Hadley, Trevor R.

453

The Relationship between Parental Psychiatric Disorder and Child Physical and Sexual Abuse: Findings from the Ontario Health Supplement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study interviewed 8,548 participants in the Ontario Mental Health Supplement about parental psychiatric history and childhood physical and sexual abuse. Respondents reporting a parental history of depression, mania, or schizophrenia had a two to threefold increase in the rates of physical, sexual, or any abuse. (Contains references.) (CR)|

Walsh, Christine; MacMillan, Harriet; Jamieson, Ellen

2002-01-01

454

Estimating the number of children exposed to parental psychiatric disorders through a national health survey  

PubMed Central

Objective Children whose parents have psychiatric disorders experience an increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders, and have higher rates of developmental problems and mortality. Assessing the size of this population is important for planning of preventive strategies which target these children. Methods National survey data (CCHS 1.2) was used to estimate the number of children exposed to parental psychiatric disorders. Disorders were diagnosed using the World Psychiatric Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDI) (12 month prevalence). Data on the number of children below 12 years of age in the home, and the relationship of the respondents with the children, was used to estimate exposure. Parent-child relations were identified, as was single parenthood. Using a design-based analysis, the number of children exposed to parental psychiatric disorders was calculated. Results Almost 570,000 children under 12 live in households where the survey respondent met criteria for one or more mood, anxiety or substance use disorders in the previous 12 months, corresponding to 12.1% of Canadian children under the age of 12. Almost 3/4 of these children have parents that report receiving no mental health care in the 12 months preceding the survey. For 17% of all Canadian children under age 12, the individual experiencing a psychiatric disorder is the only parent in the household. Conclusion The high number of children exposed causes major concern and has important implications. Although these children will not necessarily experience adversities, they possess an elevated risk of accidents, mortality, and of developing psychiatric disorders. We expect these estimates will promote further research and stimulate discussion at both health policy and planning tables.

Bassani, Diego G; Padoin, Cintia V; Philipp, Diane; Veldhuizen, Scott

2009-01-01

455

An independent evaluation of the Department of Health's procedure for the transfer of prisoners to hospital under the Mental Health Act 1983  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the UK, the Mental Health Act 1983 allows for the transfer of prisoners to hospital for treatment of acute mental illness. Historically, this process has been problematic with long delays. The Department of Health has produced guidance to encourage significant improvements in transfer delays. The research comprised: a clinical assessment of the psychiatric symptoms of prisoners awaiting transfer, an

Amanda J. Roberts; Jane Senior; Adrian J. Hayes; Caroline Stevenson; Jenny J. Shaw

2012-01-01

456

Mental health policy and service delivery in Canada: Issues in policy reform, access to care, and use of mental health providers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis presents the results of three research studies in mental health policy making and service delivery in Canada. The topic of each paper was selected for its current policy relevance. The first paper investigates how the policy legacies associated with the introduction of psychiatric asylums in 1850 in Upper Canada and the subsequent introduction of public insurance coverage for

Gillian Mulvale

2007-01-01

457

Nativity and Level of Need: Toward an Integrative Perspective of Asian American Mental Health.  

PubMed

This study uses data from the NLAAS to investigate the relationship between culture and the level of psychiatric needs. Contrary to trends, those U.S. born with non-serious disorders were less likely to use mental health services. Results indicate that in order to effectively treat Asian Americans with mental health disorders, interventions need to take into account service use patterns that are impacted by both acculturation and the level of need. PMID:23632807

Nguyen, Duy; Lee, Rufina

2013-04-30

458

What can mental health interventions contribute to the global struggle against HIV/AIDS?  

PubMed Central

Mental health is an essential component of worldwide efforts to contain the spread of HIV infection and to treat those who are already infected or affected by the virus. This paper describes the integration of mental health approaches into primary and secondary prevention strategies for vulnerable populations, the identification and management of psychiatric conditions that increase the risk for becoming infected with HIV, and the diagnosis and treatment of the neuropsychiatric manifestations of HIV infection.

COURNOS, FRANCINE; MCKINNON, KAREN; WAINBERG, MILTON

2005-01-01

459

Where Have All the Children Gone? Movement from Child to Adult Mental Health Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mental health histories of the 448 children 15 and 16 years of age who were admitted to state-operated children's psychiatric inpatient services in New York during 1982 were reviewed for the 11 year period through April 1993, Thirty-three percent were served as adults (after age 18) in the state-operated adult civil mental health system; 42% of these individuals were

C. Terence McCormick; Mary E. Evans; Steven Banks; Randall Fasnacht; Michael Bigley

1997-01-01

460

THE MENTAL HEALTH OF WAR-WOUNDED REFUGEES: AN 8YEAR FOLLOW-UP  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complex nature of recent wars and armed conflicts has forced many war- injured persons into exile. To investigate their long-term mental health, three instruments for assessing mental health (HSCL-25, PTSS-10, and a Well-Being scale) were presented to 44 war-wounded refugees from nine different countries 8 years after arrival in Sweden. The prevalence of psychiatric symptoms was high and corresponds

ANN-CHARLOTTE HERMANSSON; TOOMAS TIMPKA; MIKAEL THYBERG

2002-01-01

461

The Movement for Global Mental Health  

PubMed Central

The Movement for Global Mental Health is a coalition of individuals and institutions committed to collective actions that aim to close the treatment gap for people living with mental disorders worldwide, based on two fundamental principles: evidence on effective treatments and the human rights of people with mental disorders.

Patel, Vikram; Collins, Pamela Y.; Copeland, John; Kakuma, Ritsuko; Katontoka, Sylvester; Lamichhane, Jagannath; Naik, Smita; Skeen, Sarah

2011-01-01

462

Public perception of mental health in Iraq  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: People who suffer from mental illness, the professionals who treat them, and indeed the actual concept of mental illness are all stigmatised in public perception and often receive very negative publicity. This paper looks at Iraq, which has a population of 30 million who are mainly Moslem. Mental health services and professionals have historically been sparse in Iraq with

Sabah Sadik; Marie Bradley; Saad Al-Hasoon; Rachel Jenkins

2010-01-01

463

Identification and treatment of TBI and co-occurring psychiatric symptoms among OEF/OIF/OND veterans seeking mental health services within the State of Colorado: establishing consensus for best practices.  

PubMed

This paper highlights the results of a consensus meeting regarding best practices for the assessment and treatment of co-occurring traumatic brain injury (TBI) and mental health (MH) problems among Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation New Dawn Veterans seeking care in non-Veterans Affairs Colorado community MH settings. Twenty individuals with expertise in TBI screening, assessment, and intervention, as well as the state MH system, convened to establish and review questions and assumptions regarding care for this Veteran population. Unanimous consensus regarding best practices was achieved. Recommendations for improving care for Veterans seeking care in community MH settings are provided. PMID:23325070

Olson-Madden, Jennifer H; Brenner, Lisa A; Matarazzo, Bridget B; Signoracci, Gina M

2013-01-17

464

Capacity-Building for African American Mental Health Training and Research: Lessons from the Howard-Dartmouth Collaborative Summer School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Many psychiatric residents have traditionally received little-or-no training in cross cultural approaches to psychiatric training and research. Method: The Dartmouth-Howard Collaboration summer school training program had a 5-year grant to explore approaches to enhancing understanding of cultural factors in mental health treatment and…

Hipolito, Maria M. S.; Malik, Mansoor; Carpenter-Song, Elizabeth; Whitley, Rob

2012-01-01

465

A needs analysis for the provision of a speech and language therapy service to adults with mental health disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To examine a sample of adults with mental health disorders attending at an area psychiatric service, for the presence of impairments in language, communication and swallowing, using a test battery administered by speech and language therapists. Method: The study surveyed a randomly selected sample (n = 60) of patients from an acute psychiatric inpatient unit and associated community services,

Irene Walsh; Julie Regan; Rebecca Sowman; Brian Parsons; A. Paula McKay

2007-01-01

466

Proposal for an Associate of Arts Degree Curriculum in Psychiatric Technology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A proposed 2 year program devised by the California Society of Psychiatric Technicians for training middle level mental health workers -- psychiatric technicians -- would equip program graduates to work in a variety of inpatient and community based mental...

Z. Fuzessery

1969-01-01

467

Status and requirements of geriatric mental health services in India: An evidence-based commentary  

PubMed Central

In view of appreciable improvements in health care services in India, the longevity and life expectancy have almost doubled. As a result, there is significant demographic transition, and the population of older adults in the country is growing rapidly. Epidemiological surveys have revealed enormous mental health morbidity in older adults (aged 60 years and above) and have necessitated immediate need for the development of mental health services in India. The present population of older adults was used to calculate psychiatric morbidity based on the reported epidemiological data. The demographic and social changes, health care planning, available mental health care services and morbidity data were critically examined and analyzed. The service gap was calculated on the basis of available norms for the country vis-à-vis average mental health morbidity. Data from a recent epidemiological study indicated an average of 20.5% mental health morbidity in older adults. Accordingly, it was found that, at present, 17.13 million older adults (total population, 83.58 millions) are suffering from mental health problems in India. A differing, but in many aspects similar, picture emerged with regard to human resource and infrastructural requirements based on the two norms for the country to meet the challenges posed by psychiatrically ill older adults. A running commentary has been provided based on the available evidences and strategic options have been outlined to meet the requirements and minimize the gap. There is an urgent need to develop the subject and geriatric mental health care services in India.

Tiwari, S. C.; Pandey, Nisha M.

2012-01-01

468

Psychiatric and Medical Health Care Policies in Juvenile Detention Facilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study aims to examine the existing health care policies in U.S. juvenile detention centres. The results conclude that juvenile detention facilities have many shortfalls in providing care for adolescents, particularly mental health care.|

Pajer, Kathleen A.; Kelleher, Kelly; Gupta, Ravindra A.; Rolls, Jennifer; Gardner, William

2007-01-01

469

Mental Health and Addiction Policy: What Next?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The already frayed mental health and addictions safety net is in danger of collapse as demand for behavioral health services\\u000a reaches an all-time high. The backdrop to our field’s everyday struggles is health care reform. The details and implications\\u000a of health care reform for the mental health and addictions community remain uncertain. What is certain is that we must build

Linda Rosenberg

2009-01-01

470

A Comparative Mental Health Literacy Survey of Psychiatrists and Other Mental Health Professionals in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The objectives of this study are, first, to replicate and extend an Australian approach to assessing mental health literacy by studying a sample of Singapore mental health professionals, and to focus on differences between judgements made by the psychiatrists in comparison with the other mental health professionals. Second, to compare the psychiatrists' judgements with those of Australian psychiatrists.Method: The

Gordon Parker; Helen Chen; Joshua Kua; Jennifer Loh; Anthony F. Jorm

2000-01-01

471

The role of primary mental health workers in child and adolescent mental health services in Scotland  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is estimated that approximately 10% of children and young people in Scotland have mental health problems (Scottish Government, 2008), resulting in a rapidly increasing need for child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS). Primary mental health workers (PMHW) have been identified as one of the key professional groups within a multidisciplinary CAMHS team to progress the agenda of early

Margaret Conlon

2009-01-01