These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Experiences of Psychological and Physical Aggression in Adolescent Romantic Relationships: Links to Psychological Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This research examined links between adolescents' experiences of psychological and physical relationship aggression and their psychological distress. Experiences of psychological and physical aggression were expected to correlate positively with symptoms of psychological distress, but experiences of psychological aggression were…

Jouriles, Ernest N.; Garrido, Edward; Rosenfield, David; McDonald, Renee

2009-01-01

2

The Relationship between Employability and Hope  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study was to quantitatively examine the relationships between employability and hope. Using a sample of 266 Master of Business Administration students at a large Midwestern private university, this study hypothesized that one, there was a relationship between hope and employability and two, of the predictor variables,…

Hinton, Christa G.

2012-01-01

3

What's a Good Job? The Importance of Employment Relationships. CPRN Study. Changing Employment Relationships Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Changing Employment Relationships Project examined the importance of good employment relationships for workers, employers, and public policy. A nationally representative sample of 2,500 employed Canadians was surveyed, and 8 focus groups were conducted. The research findings were analyzed to explain the multidimensional nature of the…

Lowe, Graham S.; Schellenberg, Grant

4

[Relationship between Balance Control and Psychological Factors.  

PubMed

Goal: The goal of the study was to capture the relationship between motor balance and psychological factors, using sport-motoric tests as well as subjective self-evaluations. Method: The balance control of 118 patients of a psychosomatic rehabilitation clinic was examined at the beginning and end of rehabilitation using various motor tests. Additionally, psychological variables including self-esteem (MSWS), degree of anxiety (BAI) and depressive symptoms (BDI) were assessed. To examine subjective self-evaluation a numerical analog scale and a questionnaire with open questions were used. Content analysis was performed on the questionnaire. Results: In the area of physical self-esteem, especially sportiness, low to moderate correlations were found between self-esteem and balance. No significant relationship was found between anxiety or depressive symptoms and balance. In the open questions most patients described a distinct connection between emotional distress and balance. The participation in the tests was often a topic in their therapy. Discussion: The expected relationship between psychological factors and motor balance could be only partially confirmed. A question is raised as to whether this relationship appears merely in situations of acute stress, as detected in the patients answers to the open questions. Addressing the study in psychotherapie an indication that balance tasks are well suited for the subjective experience and discussion of psychosomatic relationships. PMID:25485600

Grub, Elisabeth Johanna; Wydra, Georg; Köllner, Volker

2014-12-01

5

Psychological Detachment in the Relationship between Job Stressors and Strain.  

PubMed

We investigated the mediating versus moderating role of psychological detachment in the relationship between job stressors and psychological strain. Our sample consisted of 173 university students invested in challenging programs of advanced professional studies, who could find it difficult to detach from work. Hierarchical regression analyses of cross-sectional survey data affirmed the role of psychological detachment as a mediator in the relationship between job demands and perceived stress. Detachment also mediated the relationship between job demands and satisfaction with life, although the association disappeared when controlling for negative affectivity. Detachment did not mediate relationships between job demands and cognitive failures. Psychological detachment did not moderate any of the investigated relationships. The study contributes to a view of psychological detachment as less subject to individual differences than to the imposition of stressors in the given context. PMID:25379246

Safstrom, My; Hartig, Terry

2013-09-01

6

Role Overload, Job Satisfaction, Leisure Satisfaction, and Psychological Health among Employed Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Role overload, job satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, and psychological health were measured for 155 women who were employed full time. Role overload was negatively correlated with psychological health, job satisfaction, and leisure satisfaction. Job satisfaction and leisure satisfaction were positively correlated with psychological health.…

Pearson, Quinn M.

2008-01-01

7

Consensual Nonmonogamy: Psychological Well-Being and Relationship Quality Correlates.  

PubMed

Consensually nonmonogamous relationships are those in which all partners explicitly agree that each partner may have romantic or sexual relationships with others (Conley, Ziegler, Moors, Matsick, & Valentine, 2013 ). In this article, research examining the associations between consensual nonmonogamy, psychological well-being, and relationship quality is reviewed. Specifically, three types of consensual nonmonogamy are examined: swinging, open relationships (including sexually open marriage and gay open relationships), and polyamory. Swinging refers to when a couple practices extradyadic sex with members of another couple; open relationships are relationships in which partners agree that they can have extradyadic sex; and polyamory is the practice of, belief in, or willingness to engage in consensual nonmonogamy, typically in long-term and/or loving relationships. General trends in the research reviewed suggest that consensual nonmonogamists have similar psychological well-being and relationship quality as monogamists. Methodological challenges in research on consensual nonmonogamy and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:25189189

Rubel, Alicia N; Bogaert, Anthony F

2014-09-01

8

A survey of pre-employment psychological evaluation tests and procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current tests and procedures commonly employed in criminal justice system pre-employment psychological screenings in the southeastern\\u000a United States were surveyed. Twenty complete data sets were obtained at the 2005 annual meeting of the Consortium of Police\\u000a Psychologists. Survey respondents provide pre-employment psychological evaluations for 478 federal, state, and local law enforcement\\u000a agencies. Approximately 55 percent of the psychologists used semi-structured\\/structured

John T. Super

2006-01-01

9

Modeling time-lagged reciprocal psychological empowerment-performance relationships.  

PubMed

Employee psychological empowerment is widely accepted as a means for organizations to compete in increasingly dynamic environments. Previous empirical research and meta-analyses have demonstrated that employee psychological empowerment is positively related to several attitudinal and behavioral outcomes including job performance. While this research positions psychological empowerment as an antecedent influencing such outcomes, a close examination of the literature reveals that this relationship is primarily based on cross-sectional research. Notably, evidence supporting the presumed benefits of empowerment has failed to account for potential reciprocal relationships and endogeneity effects. Accordingly, using a multiwave, time-lagged design, we model reciprocal relationships between psychological empowerment and job performance using a sample of 441 nurses from 5 hospitals. Incorporating temporal effects in a staggered research design and using structural equation modeling techniques, our findings provide support for the conventional positive correlation between empowerment and subsequent performance. Moreover, accounting for the temporal stability of variables over time, we found support for empowerment levels as positive influences on subsequent changes in performance. Finally, we also found support for the reciprocal relationship, as performance levels were shown to relate positively to changes in empowerment over time. Theoretical and practical implications of the reciprocal psychological empowerment-performance relationships are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25111249

Maynard, M Travis; Luciano, Margaret M; D'Innocenzo, Lauren; Mathieu, John E; Dean, Matthew D

2014-11-01

10

Youth Employment: Its Relationship to Academic and Family Variables.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Survey data from 4,587 high school students indicated that employed students were more likely than unemployed students to have higher grade point averages, be from higher socioeconomic families, or have a parent employed in a higher-status occupation. No relationship was found between parent's education and student's employment. (Author/NRB)

Schill, William J.; And Others

1985-01-01

11

[Psychology of relationships as a theoretical concept in medical psychology and psychotherapy].  

PubMed

The theoretical concept called "psychology of relations" (A. F. Lazursky, V. N. Myasishchev) is offered as the basis for a study of a patient's personality and psychotherapy. The author stresses ideological relationship of psychology of relations with phylosophy of dialectical materialism and I. P. Pavlov's studies about conditioned reflexes, its relationship with clinical psychoneurology, its direction to a study of the personality and adherence to primacy of consciousness over unconciousness. The perspectiveness of the evolutionally ontogenetic approach to the analysis of the system of relations and necessity to elaborate working systematizations determined by the research purpose, is stated. PMID:602558

Lichko, A E

1977-01-01

12

Social Change and the Relationships between Education and Employment  

PubMed Central

The relationships between education and employment have long been of interest to social scientists. During the transition from a completely agricultural economy to one that is developing nonfarm opportunities, however, the relationships between education and employment may dramatically change. We examine how two components of education—schooling enrollment and attainment—affect the transition to employment for men and women in the Chitwan Valley of Nepal. Using discrete-time event history models, we find that school enrollment tends to delay employment, while school attainment accelerates employment. We also test how these effects may have changed across successive cohorts. Over time, the effects of enrollment have become stronger, while the effects of attainment appear to have weakened. These shifts in the nature of education may be related to increasing conflict between student and employee roles, as well as changes in the types and availability of employment. PMID:21461188

Schlabach, Sarah

2011-01-01

13

Theoretical Perspectives on Work and the Employment Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developing a strong theoretical base for research and practice in industrial relations and human resource management has, to date, remained a largely unfulfilled challenge. This pioneering volume helps close the theory gap by presenting contributions from fifteen leading scholars that develop and extend theoretical perspectives on work and the employment relationship. Subject areas covered include theories of employment relations systems,

Bruce Kaufman

2004-01-01

14

Dual Support in Contract Workers' Triangular Employment Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the interplay between perceived investment in contract worker development by the "client" organization and contract workers' perceived organizational support from their temporary employment "agency." A study among 2021 contract workers from three temporary employment agencies in Norway showed that the relationships between…

Buch, Robert; Kuvaas, Bard; Dysvik, Anders

2010-01-01

15

An Action Research Project Exploring the Psychology Curriculum and Transitions to Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the UK, traditional subject-specific areas are increasingly being complemented by the provision of opportunities to foster students' personal development planning as an aide to support their future employment and lifelong learning. This paper describes an action research project which examined employability skills within a psychology…

McMurray, Isabella; Roberts, Pat; Robertson, Ian; Teoh, Kevin

2011-01-01

16

Negative Thinking versus Positive Thinking in a Singaporean Student Sample: Relationships with Psychological Well-Being and Psychological Maladjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationships of positive thinking versus negative thinking with psychological well-being and psychological maladjustment. Three hundred and ninety-eight undergraduate students from Singapore participated in this study. First, positive thinking were positively correlated with indicators psychological well-being--life…

Wong, Shyh Shin

2012-01-01

17

The Relationship between Work Values and Psychological Problems for Individuals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although research supports a relationship between work and psychological factors, one area not studied is the relationship between preferred career value and psychological factors. This study investigated the relationship between preferred career values and psychological problems for individuals with disabilities. Career values have been shown to…

Lustig, Daniel C.; Zanskas, Stephen

2013-01-01

18

Higher Education Scale and Employment Relationship in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews Chinese management research since its beginning more than thirty years ago. It then discusses the possible interplay between higher education scale and employment relationship, and suggests that it is time to take the road less traveled rather than to over-travel the more popular road. We conclude that the practice will prove…

Zhao, Gui-zhi

2009-01-01

19

The Relationship between Maternal Depressive Symptoms, Employment, and Social Support  

PubMed Central

Purpose To characterize the relationship between maternal depressive symptoms and employment and whether it is mediated by social support. Methods We used data from a nationally-representative sample of 700 U.S. women who gave birth in 2005 and completed two surveys in the Listening to Mothers series, the first in early 2006, at an average of 7.3 months postpartum, and the second at an average of 13.4 months postpartum. A dichotomous measure of depressive symptoms was calculated from the 2-item Patient Health Questionnaire, and women reported their employment status and levels of social support from partners and others. We modeled the association between maternal employment and depressive symptoms using multivariate logistic regression, including social support and other control variables. Results Maternal employment and high support from a non-partner source were both independently associated with significantly lower odds of depressive symptoms (Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR)=0.35, p=0.011; AOR=0.40, p=0.011, respectively). These relationships remained significant after controlling for mothers' baseline mental and physical health, baby's health, and demographic characteristics (AOR=0.326, p=0.015; AOR=0.267, p=0.025, respectively). Conclusions Maternal employment and strong social support, particularly non-partner support, were independently associated with fewer depressive symptoms. Clinicians should encourage mothers of young children who are at risk for depression to consider ways to optimize their employment circumstances and “other” social support. PMID:24390890

Gjerdingen, Dwenda; McGovern, Patricia; Attanasio, Laura; Johnson, Pamela Jo; Kozhimannil, Katy Backes

2013-01-01

20

Relationships among circadian typology, psychological symptoms, and sensation seeking.  

PubMed

Recently, attention has been focused on the relationship among circadian typology, psychiatric symptoms, and personality traits. This study analyzes the influence of circadian typology on psychological distress, and the sensation-seeking personality trait. Five hundred seventeen college students (173 males), aged 17 to 30, answered the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM), the General Health Questionnaire 28-item version (GHQ-28), and the Sensation Seeking Scale-V (SSS-V). The evening-type subjects in our sample scored higher than the neither- and morning- type in the GHQ-28 total score, as well as in the four subscales that composed it (Psychosomatic Symptoms, Anxiety and Insomnia, Social Dysfunction, and Severe Depression) (p<0.02 in all cases). The evening-type subjects also had a larger proportion of psychiatric cases than the other two circadian typologies (p<0.0001 in all cases). Moreover, the evening-type subjects obtained higher scores in the SSS-V total score and in the subscales of Disinhibition and Boredom Susceptibility (p<0.001 in all cases). A positive correlation was observed between the GHQ-28 and the SSS-V total scores in the total sample, but only for the evening-type group (r=0.217; p<0.027). In the evening group, several relations were also found between the subscales of the GHQ-28 and the subscales of the SSS-V (r>0.206; p<0.036). All these data point to a relationship between evening-type subjects and the level of psychological distress and the sensation-seeking personality trait. They also suggest that eveningness could be related to developing psychological distress and personality traits that could, in turn, be related to developing other problems, such as drug consumption. PMID:23806000

Prat, Gemma; Adan, Ana

2013-08-01

21

Mentor Relationships in Clinical Psychology Doctoral Training: Results of a National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a contemporary picture of mentor relationships in clinical psychology, focusing on 787 survey respondents who were U.S. members or associates of the American Psychological Association and graduated with a PhD or PsyD in clinical psychology in 1994, 1995, or 1996. Presents the results and discusses implications for graduate education. (CMK)

Clark, Richard A.; Harden, Sherry L.; Johnson, W. Brad

2000-01-01

22

The relationship between gender role ideals and psychological well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on the influence of gender roles upon psychological health has found that most effects may be due to participants' levels of masculine traits alone. This study investigated whether individual gender role ideals moderate the relationship between gender roles and psychological well-being. Eighty-three psychology undergraduate students of European descent were given a battery of measures of gender role and

Derek Grimmell; Gary S. Stern

1992-01-01

23

The Consequences of Perpetrating Psychological Aggression in Dating Relationships: A Descriptive Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological aggression is the most prevalent form of aggression in dating relationships, with women perpetrating as much, if not more, psychological aggression than men. Researchers have advocated for an examination of the consequences that follow psychological aggression for the perpetrator, in hopes that this will lead to innovative…

Shorey, Ryan C.; Temple, Jeff R.; Febres, Jeniimarie; Brasfield, Hope; Sherman, Amanda E.; Stuart, Gregory L.

2012-01-01

24

The relationship among psychological and psychophysiological characteristics of fibromyalgia patients.  

PubMed

This study examined the relationship of psychophysiological response patterns in fibromyalgia (FM) with psychological characteristics and comorbid mental disorders. Surface electromyographic data (EMG), systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate (HR), and skin conductance levels (SCL) were recorded continuously during baseline, stress, and relaxation tasks. Cluster analysis revealed 4 subgroups of patients who differed on pain characteristics, cognitive, affective, and behavioral responses to pain and stress. The largest group (46.7%) was characterized by elevated BP levels and stress reactivity (a disposition assumed to be a vulnerability factor for the development of diseases), associated with pain, anxiety, physical interference, low activity, and pain behaviors. A second group (41.6%) showed low baseline BP and reactivity, and high activity and stress. A third group (9.2%) displayed high baseline SCL, reactivity and depression, and a fourth small group (2.5%) with elevated EMG baseline and reactivity with high levels of anxiety and depression. These data suggest that unique psychophysiological response patterns are associated with psychological coping and mental disorders in FM patients. The identification of the mechanisms that contribute to these group differences will further our understanding of the mechanisms involved in the development and maintenance of FM and suggest differential treatment strategies. PMID:25433166

Thieme, Kati; Turk, Dennis C; Gracely, Richard H; Maixner, William; Flor, Herta

2014-11-26

25

Nonadherence in Adolescent Oncology Patients: Preliminary Data on Psychological Risk Factors and Relationships to Outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Published nonadherence rates in the adolescent oncology population range from 33 to 60% though little is known about the psychological factors that contribute to adherence and the relationship between outcome and nonadherence. Our study was designed to investigate psychological and family factors related to adherence and the relationship between adherence and survival in this population. We evaluated 44 (27 males,

Beth D. Kennard; Sunita M. Stewart; Rebecca Olvera; Roger E. Bawdon; Ann O hAilin; Charles P. Lewis; Naomi J. Winick

2004-01-01

26

Linking Employment Status, Maternal Psychological Well-Being, Parenting, and Children's Attributions about Poverty in Families Receiving Government Assistance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using an ecological risk-protection perspective, explores functional changes in single African American mothers (N=96) receiving government assistance. Examines links among maternal employment, mothers' physical and psychological health, and children's attributions about causes of poverty. Maternal psychological distress was linked with children's…

Murry, Velma McBride; Brody, Gene H.; Brown, Anita; Wisenbaker, Joseph; Cutrona, Carolyn E.; Simons, Ronald L.

2002-01-01

27

The Relationship Between Positive Psychological Attributes and Psychological Well-Being in Persons with HIV\\/AIDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between personal psychological attributes and psychological well-being was assessed among adults with HIV\\/AIDS.\\u000a The predictive power of sense of coherence, dispositional optimism and perceived competence (PC) on positive affect (PA),\\u000a negative affect (NA) and relative mood (PA–NA) were assessed using hierarchical linear regression analysis of two data collections,\\u000a 2 months apart, from 124 HIV-infected participants. In cross-sectional models all

Abraham Mukolo; Kenneth A. Wallston

28

The Relationship among Self-Report and Measured Report of Psychological Abuse, and Depression for a Sample of Women Involved in Intimate Relationships with Male Partners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between level of depression and level of psychological abuse in women. In addition, the relationship between the use of self-report and measured report of psychological abuse within an intimate relationship was assessed. One hundred women were surveyed using the Psychological Maltreatment of Women Inventory…

Kelly, Virginia; Warner, Kelly; Trahan, Courtenay; Miscavage, Karen

2009-01-01

29

Attachment Relationships and Psychological Adjustment of Married Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explored relations among remembered parental (paternal and maternal) acceptance in childhood, spouse acceptance and psychological adjustment of adults. It also explored whether remembered childhood experiences of parental acceptance mediate the relation between perceived spouse acceptance and psychological adjustment. The sample…

Khaleque, Abdul; Shirin, Anjuman; Uddin, Muhammad Kamal

2013-01-01

30

The Relationship of Factors of Academic Success and Psychological Well-Being for College Honors Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and Method of Study: This study was concerned with perceptions of academic facilitators, academic obstacles, and psychological well-being of college honors students. Differences in the way factors of academic success are perceived, and the relationship these perceptions have with psychological well-being were examined. College honors…

Walker, Mary

2012-01-01

31

The Relationship between Psychological Dysfunction and Sexuality within a Marital Context. Report on a Literature Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A literature study was conducted to highlight the relationship between psychological dysfunction and sexuality within a marital context. The research reviewed suggests that women report more psychological symptoms, in particular depression, than do men. The husband's personality and functioning appeared to determine the level of marital…

Schonnesson, Lena Nilsson

32

The Relationship of Psychological Well-Being to Distress and Personality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The concept of psychological well-being has been neglected for a long time in scientific literature. Over the last decades, however, many psychometric instruments have been developed to measure it. The aim of the present study was to analyze the concept of psychological well-being and its relationship to distress and personality traits. It is clinically and empirically important to establish

Chiara Ruini; Fedra Ottolini; Chiara Rafanelli; Eliana Tossani; Carol D. Ryff; Giovanni A. Fava

2003-01-01

33

The Relationship between Attendance and Academic Performance in Further Education College A/S Psychology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation examined the relationship between attendance and examination performance. Psychology students (179) took A/S psychology modules; their results were correlated with their attendance up to the examination date. The data were subjected to a Pearson Product Moment Correlation and a statistically significant result was found. (p…

Wigley, Stephen C.

2009-01-01

34

The Relationship between Attachment to Parents and Psychological Separation in College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between attachment to parents and psychological separation in college students. Three hundred sixty-eight undergraduate students completed the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (Armsden & Greenberg, 1987) and the Psychological Separation Inventory (Hoffman, 1984). Results suggest…

Schwartz, Jonathan P.; Buboltz, Walter C.

2004-01-01

35

Age Effects on the Employability--Career Success Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the similarity of the factor structure for self-reported versus supervisor-rated employability for two age groups of workers, and then validated a career success enhancing model of employability across the two age groups. The results confirmed a two-factor model including self-reported and supervisor-rated employability as…

Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.; de Lange, Annet H.; Demerouti, Evangelia; Van der Heijde, Claudia M.

2009-01-01

36

Success in the Workplace: Building Employment Relationships that Work!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing Career Choices, located at the National Center on Deafness, Cal State Northridge, is committed to assisting students and alumni who are deaf and hard-of-hearing to improve their job seeking skills and enhance employment opportunities. In addition, it is dedicated to working with employers and providing information about workplace…

Olson, Jennifer P., Ed.

2001-01-01

37

Learning Styles and the Relationship to Attachment Styles and Psychological Symptoms in College Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined relationships between specific learning styles, attachment styles and psychological symptoms in a sample of female college students (N=246). The participants in this study were assessed on the above variables through completion of several self-report instruments measuring these variables. Significant relationships between…

Vaughn, Lisa M.; Battle, Julie V.; Taylor, Trisha; Dearman, Laura

2009-01-01

38

The Teaching Alliance Inventory: Evaluating the student-instructor relationship in clinical and counselling psychology training  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Teaching Alliance Inventory (TAI) was developed to measure the quality of the student-instructor relationship in graduate clinical and counselling psychology classrooms. Based on Bordin's (1983) original concept of the alliance as fundamental to the change process in psychotherapy, we developed the TAI to measure aspects of the classroom relationship that may be fundamental to learning essential skills of counselling

Rebecca A. Jones; Hamid Mirsalimi; Jennifer S. Conroy; H. Lynn Horne-Moyer; Cecelia Burrill

2008-01-01

39

Racial Discrimination as a Moderator of the Links among Stress, Maternal Psychological Functioning, and Family Relationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on the links between social contexts and normative family patterns to identify factors at the societal, community, family, and individual levels that enhance African Americans' ability to overcome stressful life events and foster positive family relationships. Maternal psychological distress was linked with parent-child relationship…

Murry, Velma McBride; Brown, P. Adama; Brody, Gene H.; Cutrona, Carolyn E.; Simons, Ronald L.

2001-01-01

40

Relationship Dimensions in the Professional Supervision of Psychology Graduates: Supervisee Perceptions of Processes and Outcome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The professional supervision of new graduates to ensure both their effectiveness with clients and their personal learning and development is a common feature of a range of human services contexts. This study investigated psychology supervisees' perceptions of relationship processes and outcomes in professional supervision. The relationship…

Lizzio, Alf; Wilson, Keithia; Que, Janelle

2009-01-01

41

Social Class as Moderator of the Relationship between (Dis)Empowering Processes and Psychological Empowerment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether social class moderated the relationship between empowering and disempowering processes and psychological empowerment (PE) in a sample of individuals from five community organizing initiatives (N=490). Hierarchical regression analyses were used to test the relationship between community participation (CP) and alienation…

Christens, Brian D.; Speer, Paul W.; Peterson, N. Andrew

2011-01-01

42

Relational Aggression in Peer and Dating Relationships: Links to Psychological and Behavioral Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the contribution of relational aggression in adolescents' peer and dating relationships to their psychological and behavioral adjustment. In the Fall and again four months later, 1279 (646 female) grade 9 students reported on relational aggression perpetration and victimization in their romantic and peer relationships

Ellis, Wendy E.; Crooks, Claire V.; Wolfe, David A.

2009-01-01

43

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN OBESITY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL GENERAL WELL-BEING IN UNITED STATES WOMEN  

Microsoft Academic Search

While clinical studies have shown a negative relationship between obesity and mental health in women, population studies have not shown a consistent association. However, many of these studies can be criticized regarding fatness level criteria, lack of control variables, and validity of the psychological variables.^ The purpose of this research was to elucidate the relationship between fatness level and mental

DEBRA BUCHANAN REED

1985-01-01

44

Mediators of the Relationship between Internalized Oppressions and Lesbian and Bisexual Women's Psychological Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship of internalized oppressions to the psychological distress of 304 lesbian and bisexual women. In addition, it investigated whether self-esteem and social support mediated the relationship between internalized oppressions and mental health. Results indicate that after controlling for education, internalized…

Szymanski, Dawn M.; Kashubeck-West, Susan

2008-01-01

45

Correlates of Psychological Abuse Perpetration in College Dating Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the contributions of gender, adult romantic attachment orientations (i.e., avoidance, anxiety), defense mechanisms (i.e., narcissism, other-splitting), and stressors to college student psychological abuse perpetration (dominance). Men with higher levels of attachment avoidance, narcissistic entitlement, and stressful problems…

Gormley, Barbara; Lopez, Frederick G.

2010-01-01

46

Supported Employment for People with Intellectual Disability: The Effects of Job Breakdown on Psychological Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: This paper focuses on the transition to supported employment for people with intellectual disabilities paying particular attention to the impact of job breakdown on psychological well-being; an issue often omitted from studies. Materials and Methods: Forty-nine people with intellectual disabilities were interviewed within 3 months of…

Banks, Pauline; Jahoda, Andrew; Dagnan, Dave; Kemp, John; Williams, Victoria

2010-01-01

47

Moderating effect of religiosity on the relationship between social isolation and psychological well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is known that social isolation is negatively associated to psychological well-being. Hence, it is imperative to identify factors that may moderate this association. This study aimed to examine the moderating effect of religiosity on the relationship between social isolation and psychological well-being among a sample of 1415 community-dwelling older Malay Muslims age 60 years and over. The data for

Yadollah Abolfathi Momtaz; Tengku-Aizan Hamid; Rahimah Ibrahim; Nurizan Yahaya; Sen Tyng Chai

2011-01-01

48

Responding to Negative Internal Experience: Relationships Between Acceptance and Change-Based Approaches and Psychological Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined the relationships between change-based and acceptance-based strategies for responding to negative internal\\u000a experience (thoughts and emotions) and levels of psychological symptoms and well-being. A large sample of undergraduate students\\u000a completed measures of their general frequency of experiencing negative affect and intrusive thoughts, their typical ways of\\u000a responding when these experiences occur, and their levels of psychological symptoms

Shannon E. Sauer; Ruth A. Baer

2009-01-01

49

The relationship between spiritual intelligence with psychological well-being and purpose in life of nurses  

PubMed Central

Background: Spiritual intelligence is defined as the human capacity to ask questions about the ultimate meaning of life and the integrated relationship between us and the world in which we live. It results in an increase in psychological well-being of individuals as well as having a goal in their life. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between spiritual intelligence with purpose in life and psychological well-being among the nurses. Materials and Methods: The study was a descriptive correlation study. In this study, 270 nurses were selected from some hospitals of Tehran University through convenient sampling. Data were collected through a four-section questionnaire including demographic characteristics, a 24-item questionnaire of spiritual intelligence and its four components, psychological well-being questionnaire with six subscales and 84 questions, and the questionnaire of purpose in life with 20 questions. The data obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed through SPSS software. Results: The results showed that there was a significant relationship between spiritual intelligence with psychological well-being and having a purpose in life. Furthermore, there was a significant association between the components of spiritual intelligence including conscious state expansion, personal meaning production, transcendental awareness, and critical existential thinking with psychological well-being. Conclusion: High level of spiritual intelligence in nurses helps them to improve their psychological well-being and have a purpose in life, which can lead to the health provision of them and their patients. PMID:23983726

Sahebalzamani, Mohammad; Farahani, Hojjatollah; Abasi, Reza; Talebi, Mehdi

2013-01-01

50

Relationship between psychological type and sensitivity to anxiety.  

PubMed

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator and the Anxiety Sensitivity Index were administered to 143 undergraduate students. Although there was no significant difference between Extraverts and Introverts in Anxiety Sensitivity scores, those classified as Sensing and Thinking types exhibited higher mean scores on Anxiety Sensitivity than those classified as Intuitive and Feeling types. These findings suggest that knowledge of psychological type may be helpful in predicting sensitivity to anxiety. PMID:14738341

Kameda, Dina M; Nyland, Jean L

2003-12-01

51

Weight Status and Psychological Distress in a Mediterranean Spanish Population: A Symmetric U-Shaped Relationship  

PubMed Central

Psychological disorders in people with extreme weight (low weight or obesity) should be taken into consideration by health professionals in order to practice an effective treatment to these patients. This study evaluates the association between body mass index (BMI) and psychological distress in 563 inhabitants of Málaga (South of Spain). Participants were classified in four categories of BMI: Underweight (BMI <18.5 Kg/m2), Normal weight (BMI 18.5–24.99 Kg/m2), Overweight (BMI 25.0–29.99 Kg/m2) and Obesity (BMI >30 Kg/m2). Psychological distress was measured with the Spanish version of the Derogatis’ Symptoms Checklist Revised (SCL-90-R). We observed a symmetric U-shaped relationship between weight status and psychological distress in all SCL-90-R dimensions (p for quadratic trend <0.001) for both men and women. Participants with extreme weight showed the worst psychological status, and participants with normal weight exhibited the best. We found no statistically significant differences between underweight and obese participants in 9 of the 10 SCL-90-R dimensions analyzed among men, and in 8 of the 10 dimensions among women. Underweight and obese participants showed no gender differences in psychological distress levels. Psychological treatment of Mediterranean people with extreme weight, should consider underweight and obese patients at the same level of psychological distress. PMID:24763112

Martínez, Elena Villalobos; Gutiérrez-Bedmar, Mario; García-Rodríguez, Antonio; Mariscal, Alberto; Muñoz-Bravo, Carlos; Navajas, Joaquín Fernández-Crehuet

2014-01-01

52

The Relationship between Maternal Employment and Preadolescents' Attitudes and Ambitions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the influence of maternal employment on perceptions of the costs and benefits to children associated with mothers working outside the home and professional ambition among junior high school adolescents. A sample of 151 suburban and urban junior high school students completed a questionnaire relating to their professional…

Gorton, Laura; McCauley, Joyce; Farrell, Debi; Nyce, Susan; Johnson, Lisa; Covert, Stephanie; Strauss, Aviva; Maggi, Leigh; Fields, Susan; Eddy, Preethy; Denis, Lauren; Hemperly, Megan; Fronheiser, April; Chambliss, Catherine

53

Relationship between transformational leadership style and organizational commitment: Mediating effect of psychological empowerment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explores the relationship between style of transformational leadership and organizational commitment of employees with mediating role of psychological empowerment in the textile sector Punjab Pakistan. Data was collected using tools from 250 employees. The transformational leadership questionnaire, MLQ-Multifactor leadership Questionnaire [1] was used to verify the perception of the employees towards transformational leadership style in two dimensions i.e. idealized influence and inspirational motivation. The organizational commitment questionnaire designed by [2] was used to verify the affective organizational commitment. Further, psychological empowerment questionnaire was developed by [3] which was used to examine the state of psychological empowerment of textile sector employees. Pearson Correlation revealed that there exists a positive significant relationship between idealized influence and affective organizational commitment, Inspirational motivation and affective organizational commitment, affective organizational commitment and psychological empowerment. The results from the study put forward that there is a significant relationship between style of transformational leadership and organizational commitment. The mediating variable which one is suitable in the model i.e. psychological empowerment and the model is good fit as the F value is significant.

Asif, Muhammad; Ayyub, Samia; Bashir, Muhammad Khawar

2014-12-01

54

Families Created through Surrogacy: Mother-Child Relationships and Children's Psychological Adjustment at Age 7  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year, an increasing number of children are born through surrogacy and thus lack a genetic and/or gestational link with their mother. This study examined the impact of surrogacy on mother-child relationships and children's psychological adjustment. Assessments of maternal positivity, maternal negativity, mother-child interaction, and child…

Golombok, Susan; Readings, Jennifer; Blake, Lucy; Casey, Polly; Marks, Alex; Jadva, Vasanti

2011-01-01

55

Nonmedical Prescription Stimulant Use among a Sample of College Students: Relationship with Psychological Variables  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To further investigate use and potential misuse of prescription stimulants (e.g., Ritalin, Adderall, Concerta) among a sample of college students and to explore the relationship between psychological variables and nonmedical stimulant use. Method: The sample consisted of 390 college students (71.6% female, 28.4% male). Participants were…

Weyandt, Lisa L.; Janusis, Grace; Wilson, Kimberly G.; Verdi, Genevieve; Paquin, Gregory; Lopes, Justin; Varejao, Michael; Dussault, Crystal

2009-01-01

56

Morbidity profile and its relationship with disability and psychological distress among elderly people in Northern India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Morbidity among elderly people has an important influence on their physical functioning and psychological well-being. Evaluation of the morbidity profile and its determinants, which have implications for elderly people, are not available. The objective of this study is to assess morbidity, co-morbidity, and patterns of treat- ment seeking, and to determine relationship of morbidity with disability, psych- ological distress,

Kamlesh Joshi; Rajesh Kumar; Ajit Avasthi

2003-01-01

57

The Complex Relationship between Dependency and Domestic Violence: Converging Psychological Factors and Social Forces  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research indicates that economic dependency in women and emotional dependency in men independently contribute to domestic-partner abuse risk and that high levels of emotional dependency in an abused partner may reduce the likelihood that the victimized person will terminate the relationship. An analysis of psychological factors and social forces…

Bornstein, Robert F.

2006-01-01

58

The Psychological Capital of Chinese Workers: Exploring the Relationship with Performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

abstract? Everyone knows about China's huge population and the fast-growing economy. Although macro-level sociological and economic analyses have given some attention to the linkage between the two, at the micro level, the relationship between human resources and, more specifically, psychological capital of Chinese workers and their performance has been largely ignored. Within the context of three factories (two private and

Fred Luthans; Bruce J. Avolio; Fred O. Walumbwa; Weixing Li

2005-01-01

59

The Relationship between Elementary Teachers' Psychological Types and Their Uses of Educational Computing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One step toward promotion of equitable educational computing is to provide teacher education based on a better understanding of the machine/human interface, including the dynamics of teachers' decision-making about computer use. To test this notion, a study was conducted to investigate the relationship between elementary teachers'"psychological…

Knupfer, Nancy Nelson

60

Psychological quality of life and its association with academic employability skills among newly-registered students from three European faculties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  In accord with new European university reforms initiated by the Bologna Process, our objectives were to assess psychological\\u000a quality of life (QoL) and to analyse its associations with academic employability skills (AES) among students from the Faculty\\u000a of Language, Literature, Humanities, Arts and Education, Walferdange Luxembourg (F1, mostly vocational\\/applied courses); the\\u000a Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, Liege, Belgium (F2,

Michèle Baumann; Ion Ionescu; Nearkasen Chau

2011-01-01

61

20 CFR 718.302 - Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.302 Section...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2010-04-01

62

20 CFR 718.203 - Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.203 Section...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2010-04-01

63

20 CFR 718.302 - Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.302 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2012-04-01

64

20 CFR 718.203 - Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.203 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2012-04-01

65

20 CFR 718.203 - Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.203 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2013-04-01

66

20 CFR 718.302 - Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...false Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.302 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2014-04-01

67

20 CFR 718.302 - Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.302 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2013-04-01

68

20 CFR 718.203 - Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.203 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2014-04-01

69

20 CFR 718.302 - Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.302 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2011-04-01

70

20 CFR 718.203 - Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.203 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2011-04-01

71

Witnessing interparental psychological aggression in childhood: Implications for daily conflict in adult intimate relationships  

E-print Network

ABSTRACT We examined the consequences of witnessing interparental psychological aggression in childhood for daily conflict processes in adult intimate relationships. Both partners in 73 heterosexual couples provided daily diary reports of relationship conflict over a 28-day period. Partners’ reports of witnessing mother-to-father and father-to-mother psychological aggression were used to predict exposure to daily relationship conflicts and reactivity to those conflicts (as reflected in end-of-day anger). Results showed no evidence of exposure effects: Witnessing interparental psychological aggression was unrelated to the number of conflict days reported by either partner. Reactivity effects emerged for males only, with father’s aggression predicting increased reactivity and mother’s aggression predicting the opposite. However, we found evidence of direct or unmediated effects of This research was supported in part by a National Institute of Mental Health grant ROI-MH60366. We would like to thank Geraldine Downey and the members of the Couples Research Laboratory at NYU for help in the preparation of this article. Correspondence should be addressed to Niall Bolger, Department of Psychology,

Janet Krone Kennedy; Niall Bolger; Patrick E. Shrout

2002-01-01

72

Making Careers out of Jobs: Policies To Address the New Employment Relationship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Economic, technological, and political changes have created a new employment relationship characterized by an externalized labor market, more tenuous ties between workers and employers, and growing wage inequality. To date, policymakers have sought to address these problems through a supply-side approach focused on education and training. What is…

Bernhardt, Annette; Bailey, Thomas

1997-01-01

73

Relationship of Personality and Locus of Control With Employment Outcomes among Participants with Spinal Cord Injury  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated relationships among personality, locus of control, and current post-injury employment status for 1,391 participants with spinal cord injury. Participants with higher internality locus-of-control scores and activity scores (personality) reported more favorable employment outcomes. Higher scores on chance and powerful others (locus…

Krause, James S.; Broderick, Lynne

2006-01-01

74

The Role of Culture in the Relationship Between Religiosity and Psychological Well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several measures of religious practice and religious orientation (intrinsic\\/extrinsic\\/quest) and two measures of psychological\\u000a well-being (positive affect and negative affect) have been employed in a cross-cultural survey of undergraduate university\\u000a students from five different cultural\\/religious environments: Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, the United States\\u000a of America, and Japan. Results suggest that measures of exstrinsic, intrinsic, and quest religiosity are not

Miran Lavri?; Sergej Flere

2008-01-01

75

Useful beautiful minds-an analysis of the relationship between schizophrenia and employment.  

PubMed

This paper examines the relationship between schizophrenia and employment. We use longitudinal register data and show a considerable drop in the employment rate for people with schizophrenia six years before the first treatment at a psychiatric facility. After the first treatment, the employment rate stabilizes at 18%. The difference in the employment rate in 2007 for siblings with and without schizophrenia is estimated at 67%. This difference is reduced to 62% when we include additional control variables. The results remain unchanged when we apply a sibling fixed effects approach that controls for the unobserved family specific characteristics that the siblings share. PMID:24103500

Greve, Jane; Nielsen, Louise Herrup

2013-12-01

76

Bullying among nursing staff: Relationship with psychological/behavioral responses of nurses and medical errors.  

PubMed

AIM:: The aim of this article is to examine the relationship between three types of bullying (person-related, work-related, and physically intimidating) with two types of outcomes (psychological/behavioral responses of nurses and medical errors). In addition, it investigates if the three types of bullying behaviors vary with age or gender of nurses and if the extent of bullying varies across different facilities in an institution. PMID:24566251

Wright, Whitney; Khatri, Naresh

2014-02-21

77

Health, social comparisons, and psychological well-being: Their cross-time relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this short-term longitudinal study were to investigate (a) stability and change in social comparisons across time; (b) the relationship between physical health and the use of social comparisons across time; (c) whether psychological well-being is best predicted by prior or concurrent social comparisons; and (d) the moderating effects of social comparisons. Community-dwelling elderly women (N=149) completed self-report

Susan M. Heidrich; Carol D. Ryff

1995-01-01

78

Functional social support, psychological capital, and depressive and anxiety symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS employed full-time  

PubMed Central

Background Psychological distress (e.g., depression and anxiety) has been regarded as the main cause of leaving work for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in workplaces. This study aims to explore the associations of functional social support (FSS) and psychological capital (PC) with depressive and anxiety symptoms among PLWHA employed full-time. Methods This cross-sectional study was performed in Liaoning, China, during the period of December 2010–April 2011. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, the Duke-UNC Functional Social Support Questionnaire, and the Psychological Capital Questionnaire were completed by PLWHA employed full-time. Structural equation modeling was used to test the proposed relationships between variables. Asymptotic and resampling strategies were performed to explore the mediating roles of PC and its components (self-efficacy, hope, optimism, resilience). Results Of 320 participants surveyed, 66.3% had depressive symptoms, and 45.6% had anxiety symptoms. Significant negative associations of FSS and PC with depressive and anxiety symptoms were revealed. PC (a*b?=??0.209, BCa 95% CI: -0.293, -0.137, p?employed full-time. PC fully mediates the associations of FSS with depressive and anxiety symptoms. In addition to enhancing FSS, PC development could be included in the prevention and treatment strategies for depressive and anxiety symptoms targeted at PLWHA employed full-time. PMID:24289721

2013-01-01

79

Relationships among Self-Concealment, Mindfulness and Negative Psychological Outcomes in Asian American and European American College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on Asian Americans and their psychological adjustment is limited. Consisting of two cross-sectional studies, the present investigation examined the relationships among self-concealment, mindfulness, emotional distress in stressful interpersonal situations, and general psychological ill-health in Asian American college students, and in…

Masuda, Akihiko; Wendell, Johanna W.; Chou, Ying-Yi; Feinstein, Amanda B.

2010-01-01

80

In the Face of Pain: The Relationship between Psychological Well-Being and Disability in Women with Fibromyalgia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Few studies have examined the potentially beneficial role of positive psychological functioning in individuals with chronic pain. This study examined the relationship of psychological well-being (PWB) to pain and disability in women with fibromyalgia (FM) as compared to women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and healthy controls (HC). We targeted several domains of PWB that have been associated with health,

Holly Schleicher; Carmen Alonso; Elizabeth A. Shirtcliff; Daniel Muller; Barbara L. Loevinger; Christopher L. Coe

2005-01-01

81

Couples' Support-Related Communication, Psychological Distress, and Relationship Satisfaction among Women with Early Stage Breast Cancer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined associations between couple communication about cancer and psychological distress and relationship satisfaction of women diagnosed with early stage breast cancer. One hundred forty-eight couples completed a videotaped discussion of a cancer-related issue and a general issue. Patients completed measures of psychological distress…

Manne, Sharon; Sherman, Marne; Ross, Stephanie; Ostroff, Jamie; Heyman, Richard E.; Fox, Kevin

2004-01-01

82

Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

2013-01-01

83

Causal Relationships between the Psychological Acceptance Process of Athletic Injury and Athletic Rehabilitation Behavior.  

PubMed

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the causal relationships between the psychological acceptance process of athletic injury and athletic-rehabilitation behavior. [Subjects] One hundred forty-four athletes who had injury experiences participated in this study, and 133 (mean age = 20.21?years, SD = 1.07; mean weeks without playing sports = 7.97 weeks, SD = 11.26) of them provided valid questionnaire responses which were subjected to analysis. [Methods] The subjects were asked to answer our originally designed questionnaire, the Psychosocial Recovery Factor Scale (PSRF-S), and two other pre-existing scales, the Athletic Injury Psychological Acceptance Scale and the Athletic-Rehabilitation Dedication Scale. [Results] The results of factor analysis indicate "emotional stability", "social competence in the team", "temporal perspective", and "communication with the teammates" are factors of the PSRF-S. Lastly, the causal model in which psychosocial recovery factors are mediated by psychological acceptance of athletic injury, and influence on rehabilitation behaviors, was examined using structural equation modeling (SEM). The results of SEM indicate that the factors of emotional stability and temporal perspective are mediated by the psychological acceptance of the injury, which positively influences athletic-rehabilitation dedication. [Conclusion] The causal model was confirmed to be valid. PMID:25202190

Tatsumi, Tomonori; Takenouchi, Takashi

2014-08-01

84

Developing a framework based on a psychological perspective for studying buyer-supplier relationships  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advent of the Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) and the Internet with its subsequent use in the field of supply chains, mainly online shopping; web managed purchasing and online auctions have given rise to complex relationships between buyers and suppliers. The manner in which the buyer-supplier transactions occur have a psychological bearing similar to the transactions occurring between humans in the buyer-supplier organizations. The on-going research to study the psychological aspects of the transactions will use Transactional Analysis as a tool to identify these aspects of the relationship. The essential aspect of this view is that organizational culture plays a very strong role in the way organizations operate, and when two organizations transact with each other the individual culture is bound to play a role in the way the transaction is conducted. There are a number of factors that play a role in bringing the culture to the forefront of the transaction process. It is necessary to study these factors in order to understand why the psychological behavior is actually shown by these buyer- supplier organizations.

Dani, Samir S.; Burns, Neil D.

2001-10-01

85

Effects of rumination and optimism on the relationship between psychological distress and non-suicidal self-injury.  

PubMed

In recent years, increasing concern regarding non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents has prompted investigation of factors that may prevent this behavior. This study examined the relationship between psychological distress and NSSI in a community sample of adolescents, and the moderating effect of both optimism and rumination on this association. Two thousand five hundred seventy-two participants (12-18 years) completed self-report questionnaires assessing psychological distress, cognitive, and emotional characteristics, and NSSI history. Ten percent of the sample reported a history of NSSI, and as hypothesized, optimism moderated the relationship between psychological distress and NSSI; the association was only evident when optimism was low. Rumination was not found to moderate the relationship between psychological distress and NSSI. These findings highlight the utility of considering optimism in NSSI prevention and early intervention programs. PMID:24249084

Tanner, Alicia K; Hasking, Penelope; Martin, Graham

2014-12-01

86

The Relationship between Religiosity, Employment, and Political Beliefs on Substance Use among High School Seniors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to provide a descriptive profile of the alcohol, cigarette, marijuana and cocaine use practices among adolescents and to examine the relationship between employment, political beliefs, religious beliefs and substance use behaviors among high school seniors participating in the Monitoring the Future Study during the…

Dunn, Michael S.

2005-01-01

87

Aldosterone: a forgotten mediator of the relationship between psychological stress and heart disease.  

PubMed

Numerous studies support the notion that cumulative exposure to chronic stress is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Various stress-related hormones have been proposed as potential mediators of the relationship between psychological stress and CVD, including catecholamines and more indirectly, cortisol. Somewhat surprisingly, although aldosterone is also released in response to hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activation, it has not been considered as relevant for this relationship. In the present review we will consider aldosterone as a potentially important mediator of the relationship between negative affective states and CVD. First, we will briefly review the known functions and roles of aldosterone, and then consider its actions in both the brain and the periphery. We will then review the available literature on the role of aldosterone in CVD, and also consider links between aldosterone and various forms of chronic psychological stress. Finally we will present an integrated model of how aldosterone may mediate effects of chronic stress on CVD, recommend new directions for research, and identify important methodological and design issues for this work. PMID:19631234

Kubzansky, Laura D; Adler, Gail K

2010-01-01

88

Extrapolating psychological insights from Facebook profiles: a study of religion and relationship status.  

PubMed

Online social network users may leave creative, subtle cues on their public profiles to communicate their motivations and interests to other network participants. This paper explores whether psychological predictions can be made about the motivations of social network users by identifying and analyzing these cues. Focusing on the domain of relationship seeking, we predicted that people using social networks for dating would reveal that they have a single relationship status as a method of eliciting contact from potential romantic others. Based on results from a pilot study (n = 20) supporting this hypothesis, we predicted that people attempting to attract users of the same religious background would report a religious affiliation along with a single relationship status. Using observational data from 150 Facebook profiles, results from a multivariate logistic regression suggest that people providing a religious affiliation were more likely to list themselves as single (a proxy for their interest in using the network to find romantic partners) than people who do not provide religious information. We discuss the implications for extracting psychological information from Facebook profiles. To our knowledge, this is the first study to suggest that information from publicly available online social networking profiles can be used to predict people's motivations for using social networks. PMID:19366321

Young, Sean; Dutta, Debo; Dommety, Gopal

2009-06-01

89

An Empirical Study into Gender Differences in the Relationships among Academic, Social and Psychological Adjustments of University Support  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are three dimensions through which to measure university support for students' transition to university life: academic adjustment, social adjustment and psychological adjustment. Previous research studies show that there are relationships among those adjustments. However, less is known about gender differences in these relationships

Yau, Hon Keung; Cheng, Alison Lai Fong

2014-01-01

90

Traditional Machismo and Caballerismo as Correlates of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Psychological Distress, and Relationship Satisfaction in Hispanic Veterans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An online survey was used to examine 45 Hispanic male veterans' traditional machismo and caballerismo as correlates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), psychological distress, and relationship satisfaction. Higher traditional machismo was associated with higher PTSD severity and distress and lower relationship satisfaction. Psychometric…

Herrera, Catherine J.; Owens, Gina P.; Mallinckrodt, Brent

2013-01-01

91

Moderated path analysis of the relationships between masculinity and men's attitudes toward seeking psychological help.  

PubMed

This study tested a theoretical model of one mediator and 4 moderators of the relationships between 2 masculinity variables (Traditional Masculinity Ideology and Gender Role Conflict) and Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Services (Attitudes). Self-stigma was the hypothesized mediator, and the hypothesized moderators were (a) Depression, (b) General Self-efficacy, (c) Precontemplation, and (d) Barriers to Help-seeking. A sample of 654 men responded to an online survey of 9 questionnaires. After evaluating mediation in the absence of moderation, moderated path analyses were conducted for each moderator. The relationship between Traditional Masculinity Ideology and Attitudes was partially mediated by Self-stigma, whereas that between Gender Role Conflict and Attitudes was completely mediated. No indirect or direct paths involving Gender Role Conflict were moderated by any moderators. Both Depression and Barriers to Help-seeking demonstrated mediated moderation by moderating both Stage 1 (the path from Traditional Masculinity Ideology to Self-stigma) of the mediated relationships and the direct effects between Traditional Masculinity Ideology and Attitudes. Precontemplation moderated the direct effect between Traditional Masculinity Ideology and Attitudes. The findings suggest that the relationships between masculinity variables and men's negative help-seeking attitudes may be better understood through their relationships with other variables that serve as mediators and moderators. Findings from the present study may offer some direction in the design of interventions to remediate men's negative help-seeking attitudes. PMID:23668728

Levant, Ronald F; Stefanov, Dimitre G; Rankin, Thomas J; Halter, Margaret J; Mellinger, Chris; Williams, Christine M

2013-07-01

92

Migration experiences, employment status and psychological distress among Somali immigrants: a mixed-method international study  

PubMed Central

Background The discourse about mental health problems among migrants and refugees tends to focus on adverse pre-migration experiences; there is less investigation of the environmental conditions in which refugee migrants live, and the contrasts between these situations in different countries. This cross-national study of two samples of Somali refugees living in London (UK) and Minneapolis, Minnesota, (USA) helps to fill a gap in the literature, and is unusual in being able to compare information collected in the same way in two cities in different countries. Methods There were two parts to the study, focus groups to gather in-depth qualitative data and a survey of health status and quantifiable demographic and material factors. Three of the focus groups involved nineteen Somali professionals and five groups included twenty-eight lay Somalis who were living in London and Minneapolis. The quantitative survey was done with 189 Somali respondents, also living in London and Minneapolis. We used the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) to assess ICD-10 and DSM-IV mental disorders. Results The overall qualitative and quantitative results suggested that challenges to masculinity, thwarted aspirations, devalued refugee identity, unemployment, legal uncertainties and longer duration of stay in the host country account for poor psychological well-being and psychiatric disorders among this group. Conclusion The use of a mixed-methods approach in this international study was essential since the quantitative and qualitative data provide different layers and depth of meaning and complement each other to provide a fuller picture of complex and multi-faceted life situations of refugees and asylum seekers. The comparison between the UK and US suggests that greater flexibility of access to labour markets for this refugee group might help to promote opportunities for better integration and mental well-being. PMID:22954304

2012-01-01

93

The relationship between psychological comfort space and self-esteem in people with mental disorders.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to demonstrate a causal model of the sense of having psychological comfortable space that is call 'ibasho' in Japanese and self-esteem in people with mental disorders who had difficulty in social activities. The subjects were 248 schizophrenia patients who were living in the community and receiving day care treatment. Data were collected from December 2007 to April 2009 using the Scale for the Sense of ibasho for persons with mentally ill (SSI) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), and analyzed for cross-validation of construct validity by conducting covariance structure analysis. A relationship between the sense of having comfortable space and self-esteem was investigated. Multiple indicator models of the sense of having psychological comfortable space and self-esteem were evaluated using structural equation modeling. Furthermore, the SSI scores were compared between the high- and low-self-esteem groups. The path coefficient from the sense of having comfortable space to self-esteem was significant (0.80). High-self-esteem group scored significantly higher in the SSI subscales, 'the sense of recognizing my true self' and 'the sense of recognizing deep person-to-person relationships' than the low-self-esteem group. It was suggested that in order to help people with mental disorders improve self-esteem, it might be useful to support them in a way they can enhance the sense of having comfortable space. PMID:21372487

Kunikata, Hiroko; Shiraishi, Yuko; Nakajima, Kazuo; Tanioka, Tetsuya; Tomotake, Masahito

2011-02-01

94

The relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress among Chinese pulmonary tuberculosis patients: The moderating role of self-esteem.  

PubMed

This study described the prevalence of psychological distress and examined the moderating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress among Chinese pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients. Seven hundred and twenty patients with TB from three cities of Shandong Province in eastern China participated in a cross-sectional survey. Patients were measured with the Kessler 10 (K10), the Rosenberg self-esteem scale, and a self-developed perceived discrimination questionnaire. A total of 58.6% of patients with TB scored above 16 on the K10, indicating moderate and serious psychological distress. Chi-square test revealed that female patients reported higher psychological distress than male patients. The structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis among the whole sample indicated that perceived discrimination was significantly related with psychological distress (? = .28, p ? .01). The multiple group analysis of SEM showed that perceived discrimination had a significantly substantial (? = .50, p ? .001), significantly moderate (? = .15, p ? .01), and insignificant effect (? = .05, p ? .05) on psychological distress among low self-esteem, moderate self-esteem, and high self-esteem patients with TB, respectively, which verified the moderating effect of self-esteem in the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress. PMID:25243362

Feng, Danjun; Xu, Lingzhong

2015-03-01

95

The Relationship between Employer Endorsement of Continuing Education and Training and Work and Study Performance: A Hong Kong Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on psychological contract theory and expectancy disconfirmation theory, we posit that if employers support their staff by endorsing their continuing education and training, these employees will in turn be more satisfied and will perform better not only in their studies but also in their jobs. We also propose that such an endorsement will…

Hung, Humphry; Wong, Yiu Hing

2007-01-01

96

Inequalities in the psychological well-being of employed, single and partnered mothers: the role of psychosocial work quality and work-family conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: A large body of international research reveals that single mothers experience poorer mental health than their partnered counterparts, with socioeconomic disadvantage identified as an important contributory factor in understanding this health disparity. Much less research, however, has focused specifically on the psychological well-being of single mothers who are employed, despite their growing presence in the labor force. Of the

Ewelina Dziak; Bonnie L Janzen; Nazeem Muhajarine

2010-01-01

97

The Multiple Sources of Women's Aging Anxiety and Their Relationship With Psychological Distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors examine associations of three sources of women's aging anxiety—declining attractiveness, health, and fertility—with social contexts of their lives, including locations in systems of inequality, connections to institutions, relationships, and health. They also explore links between aging anxieties and distress. Method: Employing data from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States conducted in 1995-1996, the

Anne E. Barrett; Cheryl Robbins

2008-01-01

98

Modeling the Relationship between Trauma and Psychological Distress among HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Women  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the association between cumulative exposure to multiple traumatic events and psychological distress, as mediated by problematic substance use and impaired psychosocial resources. A sample of HIV-positive and HIV-negative women were assessed for a history of childhood and adult sexual abuse and non-sexual trauma as predictors of psychological distress (i.e., depression, non-specific anxiety, and posttraumatic stress), as mediated by problematic alcohol and drug use and psychosocial resources (i.e., social support, self-esteem and optimism). Structural equation modeling confirmed that cumulative trauma exposure is positively associated with greater psychological distress, and that this association is partially mediated through impaired psychosocial resources. However, although cumulative trauma was associated with greater problematic substance use, substance use did not mediate the relationship between trauma and psychological distress. PMID:24587871

Brumsey, Ayesha Delany; Joseph, Nataria T.; Myers, Hector F.; Ullman, Jodie B.; Wyatt, Gail E.

2013-01-01

99

Shaping Psychological Contracts in the Public and Private Sectors: A Human Resources Management Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Organizational choices shape the way in which individuals experience their employment relationship. Given the multiple differences between the public and the private sectors, this study seeks to identify variations in employee perceptions of their psychological contract depending upon the sector in which they work. The psychological contract is seen as lying at the heart of the employer-employee exchange relationship. The

Victoria Bellou

2007-01-01

100

Parental employment status and adolescents' health: The role of financial situation, parent-adolescent relationship and adolescents' resilience.  

PubMed

The paper deals with parental employment status and its relationship to adolescents' self-reported health. It studies the role of the financial situation, parent-adolescent relationship and adolescent resilience in the relationship between parental employment status and adolescents' self-rated health, vitality and mental health. Multiple regression analyses were used to analyse questionnaire data obtained from 2799 adolescents (mean age 14.3) in 2006. The results show a negative association of the father's, but not mother's unemployment or non-employment with adolescents' health. Regression analyses showed that neither financial strain nor a poor parent-adolescent relationship or a low score in resilience accounted for the relationship between the father's unemployment or non-employment and poorer adolescent health. Furthermore, resilience did not work as a buffer against the negative impact of fathers' unemployment on adolescents' health. PMID:25322966

Bacikova-Sleskova, Maria; Benka, Jozef; Orosova, Olga

2015-04-01

101

Race differentials in employment effects of psychological distress: A study of non-Hispanic Whites and African-Americans in the United States  

PubMed Central

This study used two sub-samples of African-Americans and non-Hispanic Whites from the 2002–2003 U.S. National Survey on Drug Use and Health to examine differential effects of psychological distress (PD) on employment. Failing to reject exogeneity of PD in the employment specifications, we estimated standard probit of employment. We found that PD significantly reduced employment probability regardless of race; but the reduction was 7.4% for African-Americans, compared to 5.3% for Whites. Using individuals with PD only, we estimated the Oaxaca–Blinder decomposition and found endowments explained 61% of employment differences between Whites with PDs and African-Americans with PDs while 39% of these differences were due to unexplained factors. These findings suggest that targeted policies for prevention and effective treatment of PD might yield higher employment benefits for minorities. PMID:19936039

Alexandre, Pierre Kébreau; Patrick, Richard; Beauliere, Arnousse; Martins, Silvia S.

2009-01-01

102

Exploring the Relationship among Cultural Discontinuity, Psychological Distress, and Academic Outcomes with Low-Income, Culturally Diverse Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School counselors and educators tend to focus on the symptoms of cultural discontinuity and often view these symptoms as root causes for underachievement. In this article we use an ecosystemic paradigm to explore the relationship among cultural discontinuity, psychological distress, and academic achievement. Recommendations include ways in which…

Cholewa, Blaire; West-Olatunji, Cirecie

2008-01-01

103

Adolescents' Psychological Well-Being and Self-Esteem in the Context of Relationships at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The school environment has shown itself to be an important factor in explaining adolescent behaviour. The relationships and experiences that pupils have at school have been found to influence their development, psychological well-being, self-esteem and social adjustment. Purpose: The aim of the study is to explore whether there is a…

Sarkova, Maria; Bacikova-Sleskova, Maria; Madarasova Geckova, Andrea; Katreniakova, Zuzana; van den Heuvel, Wim; van Dijk, Jitse P.

2014-01-01

104

The Relationships among Academic Attitudes, Psychological Attitudes, and the First-Semester Academic Achievement of First-Year College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships among academic and psychological attitudes and academic achievement of first-year students. The College Resilience Scale, the Academic Motivation Scale, the College Self-Efficacy Inventory, and the University Environment Scale were administered to 164 first-year undergraduate students enrolled at a large RU/VH…

Reynolds, Amy L.; Weigand, Matthew J.

2010-01-01

105

Parent-Adolescent Relationship Quality and Nondisclosure as Mediators of the Association between Exposure to Community Violence and Psychological Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African American youth residing in urban poverty have been shown to be at increased risk for exposure to violence and for psychological symptoms, but there has been little investigation of mediating processes that might explain this association. Objectives: This study tested the quality of parent-adolescent relationships and adolescent…

Dinizulu, Sonya Mathies; Grant, Kathryn E.; Bryant, Fred B.; Boustani, Maya M.; Tyler, Donald; McIntosh, Jeanne M.

2014-01-01

106

An Examination of the Relationship between General Life Stress, Racism-Related Stress, and Psychological Health among Black Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relationship among general life stress, racism-related stress, and psychological health in a sample of 220 Black men. Participants completed a personal data form, the Perceived Stress Scale (S. Cohen, T. Kamarck, & R. Mermelstein, 1983), a modified version of the Schedule of Racist Events (H. Landrine & E. A. Klonoff,…

Pieterse, Alex L.; Carter, Robert T.

2007-01-01

107

Relationship trajectories and psychological well-being among sexual minority youth  

PubMed Central

Dating in adolescence plays an integral part in the development of sexual and social identities. This process is particularly salient for sexual minority youth who face additional obstacles to their identity formation due to their marginalized status. We investigated the influence of participating in a same-sex relationship (SSR) or an opposite-sex relationship (OSR) on sexual minority youths' psychological well-being (i.e., symptoms of depression, anxiety and internalized homophobia, and self-esteem) in an ethnically-diverse sample of 350 youth (55% male) between the ages of 15-19 years, recruited from three GLBT drop-in centers in the New York City area. Using longitudinal data, we examined youths' SSR and OSR over time. Multivariate regression analyses suggest that involvement in a SSR was positively associated with changes in self-esteem in males, and negatively correlated with changes in internalized homophobia in females. We discuss the implications for positive development in sexual minority adolescent populations. PMID:20535536

Bauermeister, Jose A.; Johns, Michelle Marie; Sandfort, Theo G.M.; Eisenberg, Anna; Grossman, Arnold H.; D'Augelli, Anthony R.

2010-01-01

108

Information technology and the employment relationship : an examination of the adoption and use of electronic health records  

E-print Network

This dissertation advances theory on the interplay of workplace technological change and features of the employment relationship to inform an active policy debate. In particular, many connect US healthcare's lackluster ...

Litwin, Adam Seth

2008-01-01

109

An Analysis of the Relationship between Principal Employment Interview Scores and the Achievement Scores of Students with Specific Learning Disabilities  

E-print Network

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between five of ISSLC's 2008 leadership standards as measured by a standardized employment interview (ICIS Principal) and the achievement of students with specific learning...

Ostmeyer, Susan

2012-05-31

110

The dynamic relationships between union dissolution and women's employment: a life-history analysis of 16 countries.  

PubMed

The specialization theory from Gary Becker is often used to explain the effect of women's work on the risk of divorce. The main argument is that women with little work experience have higher economic costs to exit marriage. Using the Fertility and Family Surveys, we test for 16 countries to what extent women's employment increases the risk of separation. We also more directly examine the role of economic exit costs in separation by investigating the effect of separated women's work history during the union on women's post-separation employment. The results imply that Becker was right to some extent, especially in contexts with little female employment support. However, in settings where women's employment opportunities are more ample, sociological or psychological theories have probably more explanatory power to explain the causes and consequences of union dissolution. PMID:25131289

van Damme, Maike; Kalmijn, Matthijs

2014-11-01

111

Psychological adjustment in a forensic sample: relationship with approach- and avoidance-coping typologies.  

PubMed

Most studies that relate coping strategies with psychological symptoms usually consider a single coping dimension. This means that interpretation of the results is unclear and only partially true as subjects activate different types of coping strategies simultaneously when faced with a stressor. The objective of the present study is to analyze the relationships between coping and psychopathology in young inmates, taking into account the number of approach and avoidance answers simultaneously. The results show that the inmates with above-average scores in avoidance coping and below average in those of approach (coping responses inventory--adult form, [CRI-A]) show higher symptomatology (MMPI-2) than the inmates who obtain above-average scores in both avoidance and approach strategies. It can be deduced that it is not the high use of avoidance coping that is related to psychopathology, but rather the combined use of many avoidance strategies and few approach strategies. The convenience of jointly taking into account both types of coping is discussed. PMID:17456102

Kirchner, Teresa; Forns, Maria; Mohíno, Susana

2007-05-01

112

Relationship Between Acne and Psychological Burden Evaluated by ASLEC and HADS Surveys in High School and College Students From Central China.  

PubMed

Previously, acne and its effects on psychological well-being have mostly been studied unilaterally in the western population. This study was aimed to investigate bidirectional relationship between acne and stress using Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check (ASLEC) and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) surveys from inhabitants of central China. An on-line survey of 2,284 high school and college students from central China was conducted using three questionnaires posted on Chinese professional survey website, the Questionnaire Web. The prevalence and severity of acne were determined using the Pillsbury grading, whereas, the role of stress in acne formation was ascertained by the ASLEC scale. The HADS was employed to assess the psychological well-being. A total of 50.61 % of high school and college students in central China were found to be suffering from acne for more than 6 months, and 19.72 % of them were graded as having severe acne. Negative life events were found to accelerate the occurrence and exacerbation of the condition. Acne-affected groups showed significantly higher HADS-A (HADS-anxiety) and HADS-D (HADS-depression) scores than the controls (7.31 and 7.28 vs. 4.37 and 3.85, respectively; p < 0.01). Despite the apparent neglect of acne in Chinese high school and college students, a close bidirectional relationship was found to exist between stress and acne. It is incumbent on the healthcare professional to introduce school-based educational programs to help students with knowledge and management of acne and prevent the consequent psychological disorders. PMID:25331674

Wen, Li; Jiang, Guangbin; Zhang, Xiaoming; Lai, Ruiping; Wen, Xiaoyi

2014-10-21

113

Positive interpersonal relationships mediate the association between social skills and psychological well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the association between social skills and psychological well-being, operationalized through a variety of positive psychological states. It was hypothesized that positive relations with other people would mediate the association between social skills and psychological well-being. A community based sample of 703 adults, aged 18–87 completed measures of social skills, positive relations with others, and the following indicators

Chris Segrin; Melissa Taylor

2007-01-01

114

Relationship between psychological factors and performance-based and self-reported disability in chronic low back pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross sectional study, performed in an outpatient university based pain rehabilitation setting. To analyze the relationship\\u000a between psychological factors (psychosocial distress, depression, self efficacy, self-esteem, fear of movement, pain cognitions\\u000a and coping reactions) and performance-based and self-reported disability, as measured with a Functional Capacity Evaluation\\u000a (FCE) and the Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ), in patients with chronic low back pain

H. R. Schiphorst Preuper; M. F. Reneman; A. M. Boonstra; P. U. Dijkstra; G. J. Versteegen; J. H. B. Geertzen; S. Brouwer

2008-01-01

115

Relationship Between Multiple Sources of Perceived Social Support and Psychological and Academic Adjustment in Early Adolescence: Comparisons Across Gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study investigated gender differences in the relationship between sources of perceived support (parent, teacher,\\u000a classmate, friend, school) and psychological and academic adjustment in a sample of 636 (49% male) middle school students.\\u000a Longitudinal data were collected at two time points in the same school year. The study provided psychometric support for the\\u000a Child and Adolescent Social Support Scale

Sandra Yu Rueger; Christine Kerres Malecki; Michelle Kilpatrick Demaray

2010-01-01

116

Relationships between attachment and psychological well-being in Hispanic American and non-Hispanic White college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relationship between parental attachment, adult attachment, and psychological well-being among Hispanic American and non-Hispanic White college students. There were 166 participants, 84 of whom were Hispanic American (50.6%), and 82 of whom were non-Hispanic White (49.4%). In terms of parental attachment, results indicated higher maternal and paternal attachment among non-Hispanic White college students than Hispanic American

Daphne Stuart McCampbell

2012-01-01

117

The Relationship of Minority Stress and Flexible Coping to Psychological Well Being in Lesbian and Bisexual Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores minority stress among lesbian and bisexual women by examining the relationship of sexist and heterosexist events, self-concealment, and self-monitoring to positive psychological well being. The sample was made up of 373 lesbian and bisexual women, including 77 women of color. Results of a multiple regression analysis of the total sample indicated that, considered simultaneously, self-concealment and self-monitoring

Mary M. D. Selvidge; Connie R. Matthews; Sara K. Bridges

2008-01-01

118

Psychological and implied contracts in organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two forms of unwritten contracts derive from relations between organizations and their members. Psychological contracts are individual beliefs in a reciprocal obligation between the individual and the organization. Implied contracts are mutual obligations characterizing interactions existing at the level of the relationship (e.g., dyadic, interunit). Employee\\/employer relations and changing conditions of employment give rise to issues not addressed in conventional

Denise M. Rousseau

1989-01-01

119

Psychological Aggression, Physical Aggression, and Injury in Nonpartner Relationships Among Men and Women in Treatment for Substance-Use Disorders*  

PubMed Central

Objective: This study focused on the prevalence and predictors of psychological aggression, physical aggression, and injury rates in nonintimate partner relationships in a substance-use disorder treatment sample. Method: The sample included 489 (76% men, 24% women) participants who completed screening measures for inclusion in a randomized control trial for an aggression-prevention treatment. Primary outcome measures included rates of past-year psychological aggression, physical aggression, and injury (both from the participant to nonpartners and from nonpartners to the participant). Potential predictors included individual factors (e.g., age, gender), developmental factors (e.g., family history of drug use, childhood physical abuse), and recent factors (e.g., depression, cocaine use). Results: Rates of participant-tononpartner psychological aggression (83%), physical aggression (61%), and injury (47%) were high, as were rates of nonpartner-to-participant aggression. Bivariate analyses revealed significant relationships between the aggression outcomes and most of the individual, developmental, and recent factors. However, multivariate analyses (zero-inflated Poisson regression) revealed that age, treatment status, current symptoms of depression, heavy periods of drinking, and cocaine use were related most frequently to the occurrence of aggression to and from nonpartners. Conclusions: Nonpartner aggression may be as common within a substance-use disorder sample as partner aggression, and it is associated with heavy drinking episodes, cocaine use, and depressive symptoms. The findings highlight the need for the development of effective violence interventions addressing violence in nonpartner relationship types. PMID:18925348

Murray, Regan L.; Chermack, Stephen T.; Walton, Maureen A.; Winters, Jamie; Booth, Brenda M.; Blow, Frederic C.

2008-01-01

120

The relationship of religious coping and spirituality to adjustment and psychological distress in urban early adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study explored the relation of religious coping and spirituality to adjustment and psychological distress in urban early adolescents. The participants were 76 sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade students attending Catholic day schools in the New York City area. They completed a set of self-report measures assessing religious coping, daily spiritual experiences, positive and negative affect, life satisfaction, and psychological

Cydney J. Van Dyke; David S. Glenwick; John J. Cecero; Se-Kang Kim

2009-01-01

121

The relationship between perceived parenting styles, social support with psychological well- being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. the primary aim of this study was to investigated relative between parenting style, social support on psychological well – being .Method. the sample consist of 398 female students in grade two from public high school in Tehran .participants completed measures of Baum rind's parenting style (1991), Vaux's social support (1988) and Ryff's psychological well- being(1998) .Result. founding revealed that

Masoud Gholamali Lavasani; Sharzad Borhanzadeh; Leila Afzali; Elaheh Hejazi

2011-01-01

122

The Relationships between Students' Use of Instant Messaging and Their Psychological Sense of Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to understand the extent to which students' psychological sense of community was influenced by IM use using the psychological sense of community theoretical framework created by McMillan and Chavis (1986), and the student development theoretical frameworks created by Schlossberg (1989) and Astin (1984). Thus, this…

Thomas, Amanda Garland

2009-01-01

123

The Relationship between Reports of Psychological Capital and Reports of Job Satisfaction among Administrative Personnel at a Private Institution of Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this single-site case study was to investigate the relationship between administrative personnel's reports of psychological capital (Luthans, Youssef, & Avolio, 2007) and their reports of job satisfaction (Hackman & Oldham, 1980). Specifically, two surveys, the Psychological Capital Questionnaire (Luthans, Youssef,…

Mello, James A.

2012-01-01

124

Psychosomatic symptoms and low psychological well-being in relation to employment status: the influence of social capital in a large cross-sectional study in Sweden  

PubMed Central

Background Unemployment is associated with adverse effects on health. Social capital has been suggested as a promoter of health via several causal pathways that are associated with the known health risk factors of being unemployed. This cross-sectional study investigated possible additive- and interaction effects of unemployment and five different measures of social capital in relation to psychosomatic symptoms and low psychological well-being. Methods A random population sample of 20,538 individuals aged 18–85 years from five counties in Sweden completed a postal survey questionnaire including questions of employment status, psychosomatic symptoms, psychological well-being (General Health Questionnaire-12) and social capital. Results Psychosomatic symptoms and reduced psychological well-being were more frequent among unemployed individuals compared with individuals who were employed. Moreover, low social capital and unemployment had additive effects on ill-health. Unemployed individuals with low social capital—specifically with low tangible social support—had increased ill-health compared with unemployed individuals with high social capital. Moreover, to have low social capital within several different areas magnified the negative effects on health. However, no significant interaction effects were found suggesting no moderating effect of social capital in this regard. Conclusions Elements of social capital, particularly social support, might be important health-protective factors among individuals who are unemployed. PMID:24593256

2014-01-01

125

Quality of Adult Daughters' Relationships with Their Mothers and Fathers: Effects on Daughters' Well-Being and Psychological Distress. Working Paper No. 175.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until recently, adult daughter-parent relationships have received little research attention. This study examined the quality of experiences adult daughters (N=308) have in their current relationships with their mothers and fathers and the effects of the quality of these relationships on the daughter's psychological well-being/distress. The sample…

Barnett, Rosalind C.; And Others

126

Just world beliefs moderate the relationship of pain intensity and disability with psychological distress in chronic pain support group members.  

PubMed

The impact of pain beliefs on coping and adjustment is well established. However, less is known about how beliefs unrelated to pain might impact upon this experience. In particular, just world beliefs could impact upon and be influenced by chronic pain, given that pain is not experienced in a vacuum but instead is experienced in a social context where justice issues are potentially salient. The focus of this study was the ability of personal and general just world beliefs to moderate the relationships psychological distress held with pain intensity and disability in chronic pain. The sample (N=95) was recruited from members of arthritis and fibromyalgia support groups to investigate these social beliefs in a controlled community pain context. A cross-sectional, questionnaire design was adopted. The personal just world belief was endorsed significantly more than the general just world belief, and endorsement of the personal just world belief was negatively correlated with pain intensity, disability and psychological distress, while the general just world belief was unrelated to these variables. When interaction terms relating to personal and general just world beliefs were entered simultaneously into regression analyses, the personal just world belief did not predict psychological distress. However, pain intensity positively predicted psychological distress at low but not high levels of the general just world belief, while disability predicted psychological distress at low and high levels of this belief. This suggests that a strong general just world belief has implications for psychological well-being in chronic pain, and as such this belief may occupy a potential coping function in this context. PMID:19121590

McParland, Joanna L; Knussen, Christina

2010-01-01

127

Perceived Control and Psychological Contract Breach as Explanations of the Relationships Between Job Insecurity, Job Strain and Coping Reactions: Towards a Theoretical Integration.  

PubMed

This study aims to further knowledge on the mechanisms through which job insecurity is related to negative outcomes. Based on appraisal theory, two explanations-perceived control and psychological contract breach-were theoretically integrated in a comprehensive model and simultaneously examined as mediators of the job insecurity-outcome relationship. Different categories of outcomes were considered, namely work-related (i.e.?vigour and need for recovery) and general strain (i.e.?mental and physical health complaints), as well as psychological (i.e.?job satisfaction and organizational commitment) and behavioural coping reactions (i.e.?self-rated performance and innovative work behaviour). The hypotheses were tested using data of a heterogeneous sample of 2413 Flemish employees by means of both single and multiple mediator structural equation modelling analyses (bootstrapping method). Particularly, psychological contract breach accounted for the relationship between job insecurity and strain. Both perceived control and psychological contract breach mediated the relationships between job insecurity and psychological coping reactions, although the indirect effects were larger for psychological contract breach. Finally, perceived control was more important than psychological contract breach in mediating the relationships between job insecurity and behavioural coping reactions. This study meets previous calls for a theoretical integration regarding mediators of the job insecurity-outcome relationship. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:24916812

Vander Elst, Tinne; De Cuyper, Nele; Baillien, Elfi; Niesen, Wendy; De Witte, Hans

2014-06-11

128

The unique influence of mothers' and fathers' negative parental practices on adolescent anti-social behavior: Mediating effects of adolescent psychological resources and deviant peer relationships.  

E-print Network

??Researchers investigating delinquent and anti-social behavior have documented that negative parental practices is linked to psychological resources (mastery), deviant relationships, and anti-social behaviors. However, there… (more)

Lott, Ryan Eugene

2009-01-01

129

Examining the Human Resource Architecture: The Relationships Among Human Capital, Employment, and Human Resource Configurations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we examined the characteristics of human capital as well as the human resource (HR) configurations used for employees in four different employment modes (knowledge-based employment, job-based employment, contract work, and alliance\\/partnership). Results from 148 firms show that the strategic value and uniqueness of human capital differs across these four employment modes. In addition, each employment mode is

Scott A. Snell

2002-01-01

130

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology  

E-print Network

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is concerned with both physical and psychological changes throughout life-- from conception until death. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching Program Developmental Psychology is a specialized major within Psychology that focuses on child

131

The "fashion-form" of modern society and its relationship to psychology.  

PubMed

In this work, we present a new way of understanding psychology, which emerges as a result of relating it to the three principles of the theory of fashion of Gilles Lipovetsky: "the principle of the ephemeral," "the principle of the marginal differentiation of individuals," and "the principle of seduction." We relate the first principle to the plurality of the diverse and changing "schools and systems" that have existed throughout the history of psychology. We apply the second to the figure of the psychologist, considered individually, revealing his or her leading role in the generation of the changing plurality of the systems. By means of the third principle, we point up that the diverse psychologies are forms of seduction. We conclude by stating that psychology has the form of fashion and we analyze how this form can help us to better understand it. PMID:19476249

Fuentes, Juan Bautista; Quiroga, Ernesto

2009-05-01

132

Internalized homophobia in a sample of HIV+ gay men, and its relationship to psychological distress, coping, and illness progression.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine whether internalized homophobia is related to psychological distress and coping style and whether these relationships are moderated by illness stage. A sample of gay men, most of whom were HIV+, Caucasian, and well educated, were administered assessments at both baseline and 2-year follow-up, which allowed for the assessment of change over time in the context of HIV illness progression and to determine whether internalized homophobia predicts psychological distress and coping over time. Greater internalized homophobia at baseline, specifically among those who were HIV+ asymptomatic, predicted higher levels of distress at follow-up. In contrast, internalized homophobia had, at best, a weak association with coping. No relationship was found between illness stage and internalized homophobia, psychological distress, or coping. Mental health professionals working with HIV+ gay men may be more effective in targeting resources and interventions aimed at improving mental health and quality of life if they address issues related to internalized homophobia. PMID:9010828

Wagner, G; Brondolo, E; Rabkin, J

1996-01-01

133

Exploiting the exploited: The psychological contract, workplace domination and symbolic violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we argue that the concept of the psychological contract can be understood as a discourse that reflects dominant managerial ideologies regarding the nature of the employment relationship. Using qualitative case study data collected from employers and employees working in small businesses in the private care sector, we illustrate how participation in the discourse of the psychological contract

Penny Dick; Sara Nadin

2011-01-01

134

A cross-cultural investigation into the relationships among parental support for basic psychological needs, sense of uniqueness, and happiness.  

PubMed

A significant number of empirical studies have reported that parental support for basic psychological needs is a robust correlate of adolescent happiness. Yet, less is known about the mechanisms responsible for this link. The present study proposed a model suggesting that personal sense of uniqueness explains why satisfaction of basic psychological needs in parent-child relationships is related to happiness. This mediational model was tested among late adolescents in Turkey and the United States. Analyses relying on structural equation modeling and bootstrapping supported the model in both cultures. Implications of the findings for theory and cross-cultural research are discussed. Directions for future research that could improve our understanding of the dynamic interplay between basic needs, sense of uniqueness and well-being are provided. PMID:24946386

Sim?ek, Omer Faruk; Demir, Melik?ah

2014-01-01

135

Role of Self-Efficacy in the Relationship Between Patient-Provider Relationships and Psychological Insulin Resistance Among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes  

PubMed Central

Psychological insulin resistance (PIR) affects patients’ self-care behaviors and quality of life due to the delay of insulin treatment for optimal glycemic control. Although effective patient-provider communication and relationships have been shown to improve patients’ overall treatment adherence and attitude toward treatment, little is known about the potential mechanisms by which effective patient-provider communication and relationships decrease PIR and whether these relationships are mediated by diabetes self-efficacy. The purpose of this study is to examine whether diabetes self-efficacy among patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) mediates the relationships between PIR and perceived patient-provider relationships. A total of 178 patients with T2D participated in a cross-sectional study. Data were obtained by patient interview using validated measures of diabetes attitude, diabetes knowledge, self-efficacy, and patient-provider communication. PIR was measured by using a validated measure, Barriers to Insulin Treatment. A structural equation model was developed to estimate direct and indirect effects of patient-provider relationship on PIR when self-efficacy was controlled as a mediator. Diabetes knowledge and attitude were not significantly associated with PIR. Better patient-provider relationship was directly associated with lower PIR (? = ?.40, p = 0.008). When diabetes self-efficacy was included as a mediator, the direct effect between patient-provider relationship and PIR changed (? = ?.27, p = 0.034), indicating that better patient-provider relationship that reduces PIR is due to greater diabetes self-efficacy. The findings suggest that development of intervention programs aimed at improving diabetes self-efficacy—which may be positively correlated with better patient-provider relationship—is needed to reduce PIR.

Nam, Soohyun; Nam, Soohyun; Song, Youngshin

2014-01-01

136

Employment Experience After MDTA Training; A Study of the Relationships Between Selected Trainee Characteristics and Posttraining Experiences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduates and dropouts of the Atlanta, Georgia, training program under the Manpower Development and Training Act were surveyed to ascertain training effectiveness and to seek relationships between certain trainee characteristics and employment success. Using a mailed questionnaire, the study surveyed 1,062 graduates and 444 dropouts from 24…

Trooboff, Benjamin Michael

137

Psychological Treatment  

MedlinePLUS

... Alternative Treatments Medications Psychological Treatments Take Part in Online Studies News You Can Use Living With IBS Relationships and IBS Pregnancy and IBS Travel and IBS IBS Patients' Experience and Unmet Needs ...

138

Cultural differences in the relationships among autonomy support, psychological need satisfaction, subjective vitality, and effort in British and Chinese physical education.  

PubMed

Using basic psychological needs theory (BPNT; Ryan & Deci, 2000) as our guiding framework, we explored cultural differences in the relationships among physical education students' perceptions of teacher autonomy support, psychological need satisfaction, subjective vitality and effort in class. Seven hundred and fifteen students (age range from 13 to 15 years) from the U.K. and Hong Kong, China, completed a multisection inventory during a timetabled physical education class. Multilevel analyses revealed that the relationships among autonomy support, subjective vitality and effort were mediated by students' perceptions of psychological need satisfaction. The relationship between autonomy support and perceptions of competence was stronger in the Chinese sample, compared with the U.K. sample. In addition, the relationship between perceptions of relatedness and effort was not significant in the Chinese students. The findings generally support the pan-cultural utility of BPNT and imply that a teacher-created autonomy supportive environment may promote positive student experiences in both cultures. PMID:20980709

Taylor, Ian M; Lonsdale, Chris

2010-10-01

139

Surrogacy Families: Parental Functioning, Parent-Child Relationships and Children's Psychological Development at Age 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Findings are presented of the second phase of a longitudinal study of families created through surrogacy. Methods: At the time of the child's 2nd birthday, 37 surrogacy families were compared with 48 egg donation families and 68 natural conception families on standardised interview and questionnaire measures of the psychological…

Golombok, Susan; MacCallum, Fiona; Murray, Clare; Lycett, Emma; Jadva, Vasanti

2006-01-01

140

Young Children's Psychological Explanations and Their Relationship to Perception- and Intention-Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined two key aspects of young children's ability to explain human behaviour in a mentalistic way. First, we explored desires that are of a level of difficulty comparable with that of false beliefs. For this purpose, the so-called "alternative desires" were created. Second, we examined how children's psychological explanations…

Colonnesi, Cristina; Koops, Willem; Meerum Terwogt, Mark

2008-01-01

141

Psychological and relationship changes of couples undergoing an infertility investigation: Some implications for counsellors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The emotional and psychological aspects of the experience of infertility have been largely ignored by researchers. A study was accordingly undertaken of 43 infertile couples who were undergoing medical investigation of their fertility problems. Preliminary analysis of the data suggests that the infertility investigation was most stressful for the participants at the time of the initial medical interview, and that

Judith C. Daniluk; Arthur Leader; Patrick J. Taylor

1987-01-01

142

Relationship between Behavioural and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia and Cognition in Alzheimer’s Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSDs) are common. It is unclear whether associations are stronger with the absolute cognitive level or that relative to premorbid mental ability. Methods: The Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) was administered to carers of patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Patients underwent cognitive testing with the National Adult Reading Test (NART) to estimate premorbid IQ and

John M. Starr; Jane Lonie

2007-01-01

143

Relationship between Psychological Factors and Cancer: An Update of the Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a widely held perception that cancer is influenced by psychological factors, and that both the onset and progression of the disease are affected by factors such as stress, depression, social isolation and coping style. This article reviews the evidence for the mind-cancer link. Although hundreds of studies have reported on this issue,…

Edelman, Sarah

2005-01-01

144

Family Communication Patterns Moderate the Relationship Between Psychological Reactance and Willingness to Talk About Organ Donation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considerable research has investigated how psychological reactance affects individuals' responses to health promotion messages, but little is known about how family processes might moderate the reactance process. In this study, 301 participants were exposed to a persuasive message about organ donation. The moderating role of family communication patterns in the reactance process was tested using hierarchical regression. We found that

Allison M. Scott; Brian L. Quick

2012-01-01

145

Stressful Life Events and Psychological Well-Being: A Causal Relationship?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research linking life events and psychological well being may have been biased by traditional retrospective designs. To eliminate retrospective bias, a prospective design was used in which events were measured before the criterion had occurred. Subjects were 209 male and 159 female participants in the Augmented Baltimore Longitudinal…

Schroeder, David H.

146

Three Types of Memory for Childhood Sexual Abuse: Relationships to Characteristics of Abuse and Psychological Symptoms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from a clinical sample (N = 88) reporting childhood sexual abuse was compared by types of memory, abuse characteristics, and psychological symptoms. Three types of memory were identified from a questionnaire ("Always" n = 27 [31%], "Recovered" n = 41 [46%], and "Both" n = 20 [23%]). When compared with narrative reports from a subset (n = 30)…

Crowley, M. Sue

2008-01-01

147

Mother Knows Best? Inhibitory Maternal Gatekeeping, Psychological Control, and the Mother-Adolescent Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We used structural equation modeling to explore associations between inhibitory maternal gatekeeping attitudes, reports of inhibitory maternal gatekeeping behaviors, maternal psychological control, observed mother-adolescent warmth, and adolescent reports of maternal involvement. Our random stratified sample consisted of 315 mothers and their…

Holmes, Erin Kramer; Dunn, KayLee C.; Harper, James; Dyer, W. Justin; Day, Randal D.

2013-01-01

148

Cultural entrepreneurialism: on the changing relationship between the arts, culture and employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: In recent years, there has been a rapid rise in “atypical”, precarious forms of employment in all European Union states, and the political significance of the issue of “employment in the cultural sector” has increased noticeably. There are several reasons for this. One is the change from a post-industrial economy to a cultural economy and a forced process of

Andrea Ellmeier

2003-01-01

149

On the Psychological Barriers to the Workplace: When and Why Metastereotyping Undermines Employability Beliefs of Women and Ethnic Minorities  

PubMed Central

We investigated the effect of how one might expect one’s group to be viewed by a dominant outgroup (i.e., metastereotypes) on employability beliefs of members of disadvantaged groups. Based on the extensive literature on stereotype threat, we hypothesized that activating negative metastereotypes would undermine employability beliefs of members of disadvantaged groups, because such beliefs are likely to threaten their state self-esteem. In particular, we expected that an effect of negative metastereotyping on employability beliefs would be explained by momentary self-doubts and be particularly evident among members whose dispositional self-esteem is high rather than low to begin with. Taken jointly, results from a correlational study (n = 80) and an experimental study (n = 56) supported these hypotheses, and discussion focuses on their implications for mobility into the workplace. PMID:25313432

2014-01-01

150

On the psychological barriers to the workplace: when and why metastereotyping undermines employability beliefs of women and ethnic minorities.  

PubMed

We investigated the effect of how one might expect one's group to be viewed by a dominant outgroup (i.e., metastereotypes) on employability beliefs of members of disadvantaged groups. Based on the extensive literature on stereotype threat, we hypothesized that activating negative metastereotypes would undermine employability beliefs of members of disadvantaged groups, because such beliefs are likely to threaten their state self-esteem. In particular, we expected that an effect of negative metastereotyping on employability beliefs would be explained by momentary self-doubts and be particularly evident among members whose dispositional self-esteem is high rather than low to begin with. Taken jointly, results from a correlational study (n = 80) and an experimental study (n = 56) supported these hypotheses, and discussion focuses on their implications for mobility into the workplace. PMID:25313432

Owuamalam, Chuma Kevin; Zagefka, Hanna

2014-10-01

151

Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships were investigated between home practice of mindfulness meditation exercises and levels of mindfulness, medical\\u000a and psychological symptoms, perceived stress, and psychological well-being in a sample of 174 adults in a clinical Mindfulness-Based\\u000a Stress Reduction (MBSR) program. This is an 8- session group program for individuals dealing with stress-related problems,\\u000a illness, anxiety, and chronic pain. Participants completed measures of mindfulness,

James Carmody; Ruth A. Baer

2008-01-01

152

Relationships Among Life Events and Psychological Well-Being: More Evidence for a Two-Factor Theory of Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships between 11 major life events and changes in psychological well-being were examined in a three-generation sample: grandparents, their adult children, and their young adult grandchildren. Psychological well-being was measured using the Bradburn Affect Balance Scale. Life events included marriages; divorces; births of children; deaths of spouses, children, and parents; health declines; hospitalizations; improved standard of living; retirement; and retirement

Michael C. Stallings; Charlotte C. Dunham; Margaret Gatz; Laura A. Baker; Vern L. Bengtson

1997-01-01

153

The relationship between employer social responsibility and private enterprise performance in Fujian  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes such as evolving shortage of workers and other external environment have pushed Chinese private enterprises to achieve high-performance through coordination employment relations, which requires theories to reconcile the employees needs and enterprises interests. In the theoretical background of corporate social responsibility(CSR) and high performance working systems(HPWPs), this paper put forward a new concept-employer social responsibility(ESR). Based on private enterprises

Wenzhi Zheng; Yuming Lv

2010-01-01

154

Long-term psychological outcomes in older adults after disaster: relationships to religiosity and social support.  

PubMed

Objectives: Natural disasters are associated with catastrophic losses. Disaster survivors return to devastated communities and rebuild homes or relocate permanently, although the long-term psychological consequences are not well understood. The authors examined predictors of psychological outcomes in 219 residents of disaster-affected communities in south Louisiana. Method: Current coastal residents with severe property damage from the 2005 Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, and exposure to the 2010 British Petroleum Deepwater Horizon oil spill were compared and contrasted with former coastal residents and an indirectly affected control group. Participants completed measures of storm exposure and stressors, religiosity, perceived social support, and mental health. Results: Non-organizational religiosity was a significant predictor of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions. Follow-up analyses revealed that more frequent participation in non-organizational religious behaviors was associated with a heightened risk of PTSD. Low income and being a coastal fisher were significant predictors of depression symptoms in bivariate and multivariate models. Perceived social support had a protective effect for all mental health outcomes, which also held for symptoms of depression and GAD in multivariate models. Conclusion: People who experienced recent and severe trauma related to natural and technological disasters are at risk for adverse psychological outcomes in the years after these events. Individuals with low income, low social support, and high levels of non-organizational religiosity are also at greater risk. Implications of these data for current views on the post-disaster psychological reactions and the development of age-sensitive interventions to promote long-term recovery are discussed. PMID:25078872

Cherry, Katie E; Sampson, Laura; Nezat, Pamela F; Cacamo, Ashley; Marks, Loren D; Galea, Sandro

2014-07-31

155

The Psychological Well-Being of Women of Menoufiya, Egypt: Relationships With Family Planning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Researchers surveyed the psychological well-being of 795 women of reproductive age from Menoufiya, Egypt. Five years earlier, these women had provided data relevant to their family planning behavior. This analysis links these data sets to investigate the impact of family planning on women's sense of well-being, within the context of beliefs about appropriate gender-related behaviors. Well-being measures are derived for

Lawrence J. Severy; Cynthia Waszak; Isis Badawi; Laila Kafafi

2003-01-01

156

The psychological, behavioural and emotional impact of surviving an abusive relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fifteen women who had sought refuge from domestic violence were studied with a view to listing information about the nature of the violence experienced, the coping strategies and the psychological and social consequences of such violence. Compared with non-abused women the subjects were found to have lower self-esteem, higher rates of depression, generalized anxiety and fearfulness, increased stress-related symptoms, irritability

Elizabeth Scott-gliba; Carinne Minne; Gillian Mezey

1995-01-01

157

The relationship between Body Mass Index and abnormal psychological and personality variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Body Mass Index (BMI) was created in order to classify individuals into body weight categories ranging from below normal\\u000a to very obese, depending on the individual’s weight and height. The Body Mass Index has been identified as a marker for psychological\\u000a issues such as self-control, self-esteem, depression, and anxiety. This study used a data matrix composed of a sample

Miranda J. Ours; William U. Weiss; Cary Rostow; Robert Davis

2006-01-01

158

Coping mediates the relationships between reminiscence and psychological well-being among older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have demonstrated an association between various functions of reminiscence and well-being in later adulthood. This study investigates to what extent the links between reminiscence (self-positive and self-negative functions) and psychological well-being (depressive symptoms, anxiety level and life satisfaction) are mediated by assimilative and accommodative coping. This mediational model was tested using structural equation modelling. The results

Philippe Cappeliez; Annie Robitaille

2010-01-01

159

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

of psychology, such as, normal or abnormal developmental psychology, personality, social psychologyCounseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY

VandeVord, Pamela

160

Challenges in cross-gender mentoring relationships: psychological intimacy, myths, rumours, innuendoes and sexual harassment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the roles of sexuality and intimacy in cross-gender mentoring relationships. Today’s leaders are concerned about controlling sexuality and intimacy in cross-gender work relationships and there is an increased awareness of the sexual harassment aspect of sexuality in today’s society. Describes sexuality and intimacy in cross-gender mentoring relationships and explores the sex role spillover model’s explanation for sexuality in these

Amy E. Hurley

1996-01-01

161

The Association of Sibling Relationship and Abuse with Later Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of 59 undergraduate men and 85 undergraduate women explored how defining emotional and physical sibling abuse affected the frequency of reported sibling abuse. In addition, the current study examined how the emotional context of the sibling relationship (i.e., rivalry and conflict) moderated the relationship between sibling abuse and…

Mackey, Amber L.; Fromuth, Mary Ellen; Kelly, David B.

2010-01-01

162

Higher Education and Employment: The Changing Relationship. Recent Developments in Continuing Professional Education. Country Study: Yugoslavia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, one of a series of country studies on higher education and employment particularly in continuing professional education, contains two papers on recent developments in Yugoslavia. The first presents the findings of a study of continuing professional education at Belgrade University in Serbia and at Titograd University in Montenegro.…

Savicevic, Dusan; Jovanovic, Goran

163

Initial Evaluations in the Interview: Relationships with Subsequent Interviewer Evaluations and Employment Offers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors of this study examine how evaluations made during an early stage of the structured interview (rapport building) influence end of interview scores, subsequent follow-up employment interviews, and actual internship job offers. Candidates making better initial impressions received more internship offers (r = 0.22) and higher interviewer…

Barrick, Murray R.; Swider, Brian W.; Stewart, Greg L.

2010-01-01

164

The effect of spirituality and religious attendance on the relationship between psychological distress and negative life events  

PubMed Central

Purpose The aim of this study was to assess the effect of religious attendance and spirituality on the relationship between negative life events and psychological distress. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of 1,071 community dwelling adults from East Baltimore, Maryland who participated in the fourth (2004–2005) wave of the Baltimore Epidemiologic Catchment Area study. The 20-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-20) was used to measure psychological distress. Multiple regression models were used to assess the association between negative life events and distress as well as to measure the effect of religious attendance and spirituality on the association between psychological distress and negative events while adjusting for demographic variables, past distress and social support from friends and relatives. Results In pooled analysis, negative events were significant predictors of distress, b = 1.00, ? = 0.072, p < 0.05. Religious attendance and spirituality did not affect or modify the association between negative events and distress. However, religious attendance was inversely associated with distress with higher frequency of attendance associated with lower distress after controlling for demographic and social support factors, b = ?2.10, ? = ?.110, p < 0.01 for attending 1–3 times a month; b = ?2.39, ? = ?0.156, p < 0.01 for attending weekly; and b = ?3.13, ? = ?0.160, p < 0.001 for attending more than once per week. In stratified analysis, negative events were associated with distress for those who were low on spirituality, b = 1.23, ? = 0.092, p < .05, but not for those who were high on spirituality; the association between religious attendance and decreased distress was true only for those scoring high in spirituality. Social support accounted for some of the inverse association between religious and distress. Conclusion Religious attendance and spirituality may play a role in how people experience and deal with difficult life situations. PMID:23732707

Mancha, Brent E.; Brown, Qiana L.; Eaton, William W.

2014-01-01

165

Health problems of women employed in jobs involving psychological and ergonomic stressors: the case of garment workers in Québec.  

PubMed

Health problems of women whose jobs involved intense time pressure were evaluated in a study of 800 sewing-machine operators employed in Québec between 1976 and 1985. Information on workers' occupational characteristics were obtained from public records. Symptoms of anxiety and depression, use of medication and disability status were determined by interview. Garment workers had an increased prevalence of slight, moderate and severe disability and higher levels of symptoms of anxiety and depression when compared to workers in other occupations. Garment workers paid piecework rates took medication for stomach problems in greater proportion than workers paid an hourly wage. Furthermore, workers who spend 5-9, 10-14, 15-19 and 20 or more years in piecework had an increased prevalence of severe disability compared to the baseline category 0-4 years, with adjusted risk ratios of 2.2 (95% CI = 1.14-4.6), 3.3 (95% CI = 1.5-6.9), 3.6 (95% CI = 1.5-8.4 and 2.3 (95% CI = 0.8-6.6) respectively, independent of age, smoking habits, education, type of task and total length of employment. These findings suggest that short-term, non-disabling conditions associated with time pressure by previous authors may have more important long-term sequelae then had been previously documented. PMID:1615690

Brisson, C; Vézina, M; Vinet, A

1992-01-01

166

Relationship of psychological and physiological variables in long-term self-monitored data during work ability rehabilitation program.  

PubMed

Individual wellness comprises both psychological and physiological wellbeing, which are interrelated. In long-term monitoring of wellness, both components should be included. Work-related stress and burnout are persistent problems in industrial countries. Early identification of work-related stress symptoms and early intervention could reduce individual suffering and improve the working productivity and creativity. The goal of this study was to explore the relationship between physiological and psychological variables measured at home by the users themselves or automatically. In all, 17 (3 males and 14 females, age 40-62) people participating in a work ability rehabilitation program (due to work overload) were monitored for three months. Physiological and behavioral variables (activity, bed occupancy, heart rate (HR) and respiration during night, HR during day, blood pressure, steps, weight, room illumination, and temperature) were measured with different unobtrusive wireless sensors. Daily self-assessment of stress, mood, and behaviors (exercise, sleep) were collected using a mobile phone diary. The daily self-assessment of stress and the Derogatis stress profile questionnaire were used as reference for stress status. Results show modest, but significant pooled overall correlations between self-assessed stress level, and physiological and behavioral variables (e.g., sleep length measured with wrist-worn activity monitor: rho = -0.22, p < 0.001, and variance of nightly bedroom illumination: rho = 0.13, p < 0.001). Strong, but sometimes conflicting correlations can be found at individual level, suggesting individual reactions to stress in daily life. PMID:19272856

Pärkkä, Juha; Merilahti, Juho; Mattila, Elina M; Malm, Esko; Antila, Kari; Tuomisto, Martti T; Saarinen, Ari Viljam; van Gils, Mark; Korhonen, Ilkka

2009-03-01

167

Families created through surrogacy: Mother-child relationships and children’s psychological adjustment at age 7  

PubMed Central

Each year, an increasing number of children are born through surrogacy and thus lack a genetic and/or gestational link with their mother. This study examined the impact of surrogacy on mother-child relationships and children’s psychological adjustment. Assessments of maternal positivity, maternal negativity, mother-child interaction and child adjustment were administered to 32 surrogacy, 32 egg donation and 54 natural conception families with a 7-year-old child. No differences were found for maternal negativity, maternal positivity or child adjustment, although the surrogacy and egg donation families showed less positive mother-child interaction than the natural conception families. The findings suggest that both surrogacy and egg donation families function well in the early school years. PMID:21895360

Golombok, Susan; Readings, Jennifer; Blake, Lucy; Casey, Polly; Marks, Alex; Jadva, Vasanti

2011-01-01

168

Psychological status in female carriers of premutation FMR1 allele showing a complex relationship with the size of CGG expansion.  

PubMed

We utilized a sample of 299 adult females aged between 19 and 86?years, carrying fragile X mental retardation (FMR1) alleles with small CCG expansions ranging from 50 to 141 repeats to analyse the relationships between psychological symptoms as assessed by the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) and the size of the CGG repeat in the FMR1 gene. There were highly significant (negative) correlations between the size of the CGG repeat and a great majority of SCL-90-R subscale scores and all the global indices, suggesting that carriers of premutations in the mid-size CGG repeat range may be at greatest risk for the development of psychiatric disorder. PMID:24428240

Loesch, D Z; Bui, M Q; Hammersley, E; Schneider, A; Storey, E; Stimpson, P; Burgess, T; Francis, D; Slater, H; Tassone, F; Hagerman, R J; Hessl, D

2015-02-01

169

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY May, 2012 The program area of Educational Psychology offers

Berdichevsky, Victor

170

The Moderating Roles of Race and Gender-Role Attitudes in the Relationship between Sexual Harassment and Psychological Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although previous research has linked sexual harassment to negative psychological outcomes, few studies have focused on moderators of these relationships. The present study surveyed Black (n = 88) and White (n = 170) female undergraduates who endorsed experiences of sexual harassment to examine whether traditional gender attitudes differentially…

Rederstorff, Juliette C.; Buchanan, NiCole T.; Settles, Isis H.

2007-01-01

171

The Role of Self-Compassion and Emotional Approach Coping in the Relationship between Maladaptive Perfectionism and Psychological Distress among East Asian International Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the mediating and moderating roles of self-compassion and emotional approach coping in the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and psychological distress among East Asian international students. Data were collected through an online survey completed by 255 East Asian international students in a large public…

Seo, Heweon

2012-01-01

172

Relationship of spirituality, subjective well-being, and psychological well-being in a population of African-American college students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of four variables: spirituality, religiosity, subjective well-being, and psychological well-being. Subjects were 51 male and 106 female African American college students recruited from various undergraduate classes. Each participant completed a demographic questionnaire concerning religious activity and a battery of surveys including the Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale, the Scales of

Mary Elizabeth Walker

2009-01-01

173

Focus on Positive and Negative Information as the Mediator of the Relationship between Empathy Tendency Guilty and Psychological Well-Being in University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the mediator effects of focus on positive and negative information on the relationship between empathic tendency, and guilty and psychological well-being in university students were investigated. The participants were 314 student, between age range of 17-32 (M.20.93,SD:1.80) attending different departments Faculty of Education, at…

Acun-Kapikiran, Necla

2011-01-01

174

The relationship between blood lead levels and morbidities among workers employed in a factory manufacturing lead-acid storage battery.  

PubMed

The present study was carried out to find the relationship between blood lead levels (BLLs) and morbidities among 391 male workers employed in a factory manufacturing lead-acid storage batteries. A predesigned questionnaire was used to collect information on subjective health complaints and clinical observation made during a clinical examination. In addition to monitoring of BLL, other laboratory parameters investigated included hematological and urine-?-aminolevulinic acid levels. Logistic regression method was used to evaluate the relationship between BLL and morbidities. The BLL among workers was associated with an odd ratio of respiratory, gastrointestinal (GI), and musculoskeletal (MSD) morbidities. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin and packed cell volume variables were associated with respiratory problems. The variables of alcohol consumption and hematological parameters were associated with GI complaints. Systolic blood pressure was related to MSD in workers exposed to Pb during the manufacturing process. PMID:23859360

Kalahasthi, Ravi Babu; Barman, Tapu; Rajmohan, H R

2014-01-01

175

Relationship Trajectories and Psychological Well-Being among Sexual Minority Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dating in adolescence plays an integral part in the development of sexual and social identities. This process is particularly salient for sexual minority youth who face additional obstacles to their identity formation due to their marginalized status. We investigated the influence of participating in a same-sex relationship (SSR) or an…

Bauermeister, Jose A.; Johns, Michelle Marie; Sandfort, Theo G. M.; Eisenberg, Anna; Grossman, Arnold H.; D'Augelli, Anthony R.

2010-01-01

176

Adolescent Humor and Its Relationship to Coping, Defense Strategies, Psychological Distress, and Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ) in measuring adolescent humor, including the relationship between humor and coping style, defense style, depressive symptoms, and adjustment in a non-clinical sample of adolescents. Method: Humor, coping, defense strategies, depressive symptoms,…

Erickson, Sarah J.; Feldstein, Sarah W.

2007-01-01

177

Physical and Psychological Aggression in Dating Relationships of Spanish Adolescents: Motives and Consequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine three aspects of romantic relationships of Spanish adolescents: the prevalence of verbal-emotional and physical aggressive behaviors, correlates of dating violence perpetration (both verbal-emotional and physical aggression), and consequences of violence for victims' well-being. Method: A…

Fernandez-Fuertes, Andres A.; Fuertes, Antonio

2010-01-01

178

The Influence of Family Relationships on Social and Psychological Functioning: A Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals who had undergone treatment for alcoholism (N=76) completed a 91-item questionnaire including items relating to family situation and satisfaction and a number of personality and interpersonal variables. Data analysis indicated that the quality of family relationships influenced improvement in drinking behavior and interpersonal…

Ward, David A.

1981-01-01

179

Reminiscence and Its Relationship to the Psychological Adjustment of the Elderly.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reminiscence has long been considered an integral part of the aging process, whether as a form of cultural transmission or as a method of strengthening the ego structure. To examine the form of reminiscence defined as life review and its relationship to adjustment in the final stages of development, older Canadian adults (N=82) completed a…

Ziegler, Michael; And Others

180

Temporal relationships between Gulf War deployment and subsequent psychological disorders in Royal Australian Navy Gulf War veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Although much has been published on the effects of the 1990\\/1991 Gulf War on the psychological health of veterans, few studies\\u000a have addressed the pattern and timing of post-war development of psychological disorders. Our study aims to identify the most\\u000a common psychological disorders that first appeared post-Gulf War, the period of peak prevalence and the sequence of multiple\\u000a psychological disorders.

Dean P. McKenzie; Mark Creamer; Helen L. Kelsall; Andrew B. Forbes; Jillian F. Ikin; Malcolm R. Sim; Alexander C. McFarlane

2010-01-01

181

The Relationship of Built Environment to Perceived Social Support and Psychological Distress in Hispanic Elders: The Role of “Eyes on the Street”  

PubMed Central

Background Research on contextual and neighborhood effects increasingly includes the built (physical) environment's influences on health and social well-being. A population-based study examined whether architectural features of the built environment theorized to promote observations and social interactions (e.g., porches, windows) predict Hispanic elders’ psychological distress. Methods Coding of built environment features of all 3,857 lots across 403 blocks in East Little Havana, Florida, and enumeration of elders in 16,000 households was followed by assessments of perceived social support and psychological distress in a representative sample of 273 low socioeconomic status (SES) Hispanic elders. Structural-equation modeling was used to assess relationships between block-level built environment features, elders’ perceived social support, and psychological distress. Results Architectural features of the front entrance such as porches that promote visibility from a building's exterior were positively associated with perceived social support. In contrast, architectural features such as window areas that promote visibility from a building's interior were negatively associated with perceived social support. Perceived social support in turn was associated with reduced psychological distress after controlling for demographics. Additionally, perceived social support mediated the relationship of built environment variables to psychological distress. Conclusions Architectural features that facilitate direct, in-person interactions may be beneficial for Hispanic elders’ mental health. PMID:19196696

Mason, Craig A.; Lombard, Joanna L.; Martinez, Frank; Plater-Zyberk, Elizabeth; Spokane, Arnold R.; Newman, Frederick L.; Pantin, Hilda; Szapocznik, José

2009-01-01

182

Relationship between loneliness, psychiatric disorders and physical health ? A review on the psychological aspects of loneliness.  

PubMed

Human beings are social species which require safe and secure social surroundings to survive. Satisfying social relationships are essential for mental and physical well beings. Impaired social relationship can lead to loneliness. Since the time of dawn, loneliness is perceived as a global human phenomenon. Loneliness can lead to various psychiatric disorders like depression, alcohol abuse, child abuse, sleep problems, personality disorders and Alzheimer's disease. It also leads to various physical disorders like diabetes, autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and cardiovascular diseases like coronary heart disease, hypertension (HTN), obesity, physiological aging, cancer, poor hearing and poor health. Left untended, loneliness can have serious consequences for mental and physical health of people. Therefore it is important to intervene at the right time to prevent loneliness, so that physical and mental health of patients is maintained. PMID:25386507

Mushtaq, Raheel; Shoib, Sheikh; Shah, Tabindah; Mushtaq, Sahil

2014-09-01

183

Relationship Between Loneliness, Psychiatric Disorders and Physical Health ? A Review on the Psychological Aspects of Loneliness  

PubMed Central

Human beings are social species which require safe and secure social surroundings to survive. Satisfying social relationships are essential for mental and physical well beings. Impaired social relationship can lead to loneliness. Since the time of dawn, loneliness is perceived as a global human phenomenon. Loneliness can lead to various psychiatric disorders like depression, alcohol abuse, child abuse, sleep problems, personality disorders and Alzheimer’s disease. It also leads to various physical disorders like diabetes, autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and cardiovascular diseases like coronary heart disease, hypertension (HTN), obesity, physiological aging, cancer, poor hearing and poor health. Left untended, loneliness can have serious consequences for mental and physical health of people. Therefore it is important to intervene at the right time to prevent loneliness, so that physical and mental health of patients is maintained. PMID:25386507

Shoib, Sheikh; Shah, Tabindah; Mushtaq, Sahil

2014-01-01

184

Psychological and Acculturation Correlates of Work Status among Soviet Jewish Refugees in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed the relationship of work status to acculturation and psychological adaption among refugees from the former Soviet Union, examining life satisfaction, alienation, and work status. Findings underscore the relevance of work status to refugees' life satisfaction and psychological adaptation and suggest the importance of seeking employment in…

Vinokurov, Andrey; Birman, Dina; Trickett, Edison

2000-01-01

185

Volunteering and Psychological Well-Being Among Young-Old Adults: How Much Is Too Much?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Research concerned with the relationship between volunteer activity and psychological well- being has typically reported higher levels of well- being among older adult volunteers relative to non- volunteers. However, few studies have examined nonlinear associations between frequency of volun- teer activity and well-being. We examined nonlinear associations between hours spent volunteering and psychological well-being, controlling for employment status, partner

Timothy D. Windsor; Kaarin J. Anstey; Bryan Rodgers

2008-01-01

186

Power and Psychological Well-Being in Late Adolescent Romantic Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using Olsen and Cromwell's (1975) three facetsof interpersonal power (power in resources, process, andoutcomes), we examined the balance of power in lateadolescent romantic relationships and the associations between interpersonal power, adolescents'self-esteem, and depression. Participants were 61adolescent couples who were primarily European-American(90% of girls and 93% of boys), with the remainder being comprised of approximately 2-3% each of NativeAmerican, Asian, African

Renee V. Galliher; Sharon S. Rostosky; Deborah P. Welsh; Myra C. Kawaguchi

1999-01-01

187

The reciprocal relationship between vigor and insomnia: a three-wave prospective study of employed adults.  

PubMed

Vigor is a positive affect experienced at work. It refers to feelings of possessing physical strength, emotional energy, and cognitive liveliness. Accumulated evidence suggests that vigor has a protective effect on health, but the mechanisms of this link remain to be discovered. This study focused on sleep quality as one possible mechanism. We used a full-panel, longitudinal design to investigate the hypothesis that changes in vigor over time have inverse effects on insomnia and vice versa. The study was conducted on a multi-occupational sample of working adults (N = 1,414, 70 % men) at three time points (T1, T2, and T3), over a period of about 3 years. Vigor was assessed by the Shirom-Melamed Vigor Measure, while insomnia was assessed by the Brief Athens Insomnia Scale. Results of SEM-analyses, controlling for neuroticism, and other potential confounding variables, offered a strong support for the study hypotheses, indicating cross-lagged reciprocal inverse relationships between vigor and insomnia. The results suggest that vigor has a protective effect on sleep quality and that vigor might positively influence health through this pathway. PMID:23653015

Armon, Galit; Melamed, Samuel; Vinokur, Amiram

2014-08-01

188

Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280  

E-print Network

1 Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280 1st Summer Session 2013 May 13June 27, 2013 Tuesday" Kalibatseva, M.A. Office: 127B Psychology Building Email: kalibats@msu.edu Phone Psychology PhD program at Michigan State University. I completed my bachelor's dual degree in psychology

Liu, Taosheng

189

Adolescent Humor and its Relationship to Coping, Defense Strategies, Psychological Distress, and Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ) in measuring adolescent humor,\\u000a including the relationship between humor and coping style, defense style, depressive symptoms, and adjustment in a non-clinical\\u000a sample of adolescents.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  Humor, coping, defense strategies, depressive symptoms, and adjustment were investigated in 94 adolescents aged 12–15.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  The HSQ demonstrated adequate internal consistency. Inter-scale correlational patterns

Sarah J. Erickson; Sarah W. Feldstein

2007-01-01

190

Adoptive gay father families: parent-child relationships and children's psychological adjustment.  

PubMed

Findings are presented on a U.K. study of 41 gay father families, 40 lesbian mother families, and 49 heterosexual parent families with an adopted child aged 3-9 years. Standardized interview and observational and questionnaire measures of parental well-being, quality of parent-child relationships, child adjustment, and child sex-typed behavior were administered to parents, children, and teachers. The findings indicated more positive parental well-being and parenting in gay father families compared to heterosexual parent families. Child externalizing problems were greater among children in heterosexual families. Family process variables, particularly parenting stress, rather than family type were found to be predictive of child externalizing problems. The findings contribute to theoretical understanding of the role of parental gender and parental sexual orientation in child development. PMID:24033323

Golombok, Susan; Mellish, Laura; Jennings, Sarah; Casey, Polly; Tasker, Fiona; Lamb, Michael E

2014-01-01

191

Psychological Trivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses trivia related to the history of psychology (with many fun examples such as: What are the names of Pavlov's original dogs?) and the relationship of this game to students learning how to use library resources (in attempts to answer such trivia questions), as well as the relevance of such knowledge.

Robert S. Harper

1970-01-01

192

Adult Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume comprehensively reviews the research on the psychology of the middle aged (ages 40-65). Topics include the concept of maturity and maturation models, the measurement and influences of adult self image; marriage and sexual patterns; intergenerational relationships between and children; vocations and avocations (work, retirement, play,…

Bischof, Ledford J.

193

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN SPIRITUALITY AND MEANING AT WORK AND THE JOB HAPPINESS AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELLBEING: A SPIRITUAL-AFFECTIVE APPROACH TO THE PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health and well-being are such important issues for employees in the workplace. Given the importance of this issue, this study was conducted to investigate the role of spirituality and meaning at work for job happiness and psychological well-being. The research design used in this study was correlation one and the sample consisted of 204 numbers of revenue & customs staff

Mohsen Golparvar; Hassan Abedini

2014-01-01

194

Factors affecting the relationship between psychological status and quality of life in COPD patients  

PubMed Central

Background This study aims to (i) evaluate the association between anxiety and depressive symptoms and health-related quality of life (HRQoL); and (ii) identify the effect modifiers of this relationship in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods A total of 337 clinically stable COPD patients answered the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) (assessing HRQoL) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Socio-demographic information, lung function, and other clinical data were collected. Results Most patients (93%) were male; they had a mean (SD) age of 68 (9) years and mild to very severe COPD (post-bronchodilator FEV1 52 (16)% predicted). Multivariate analyses showed that anxiety, depression, or both conditions were associated with poor HRQoL (for all SGRQ domains). The association between anxiety and total HRQoL score was 6.7 points higher (indicating a worse HRQoL) in current workers than in retired individuals. Estimates for patients with "both anxiety and depression" were 5.8 points lower in stage I-II than in stage III-IV COPD, and 10.2 points higher in patients with other comorbidities than in those with only COPD. Conclusions This study shows a significant association between anxiety, depression, or both conditions and impaired HRQoL. Clinically relevant factors affecting the magnitude of this association include work status, COPD severity, and the presence of comorbidities. PMID:20875100

2010-01-01

195

Impact of combat deployment on psychological and relationship health: a longitudinal study.  

PubMed

Although previous research has indicated an elevated prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental health problems among veterans of Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom following deployment, most of this research has been cross-sectional and has focused on a limited range of military groups and outcome criteria. This investigation was a longitudinal study of U.S. Air Force security forces assigned to a year-long high-threat ground mission in Iraq to determine the degree to which airmen's emotional and behavioral health and committed relationships were adversely impacted by an extended deployment to a warzone. Participants were a cohort of 164 security forces airmen tasked to a 365-day deployment to train Iraqi police. Airmen completed study measures both prior to and 6-9 months following deployment. Rates of deterioration in individual and interpersonal adjustment were both significant and medium to large in magnitude of effect, d = 0.43 to 0.90. Results suggest that the negative effects of deployment are related to levels of traumatic experiences and do not spontaneously remit within the first 6-9 months following return from deployment-particularly among those service members having relatively lower levels of social support. PMID:24464429

Cigrang, Jeffrey A; Talcott, G Wayne; Tatum, JoLyn; Baker, Monty; Cassidy, Daniel; Sonnek, Scott; Snyder, Douglas K; Balderrama-Durbin, Christina; Heyman, Richard E; Smith Slep, Amy M

2014-02-01

196

Psychological counterterrorism.  

PubMed

At the end of the last century international terrorist groups declared war on the United States. Rather than pursue this war using conventional means, terrorist tactics have been employed. Terrorism represents psychological warfare, not traditional military combat. Threats of assassination, bioterrorism, and even nuclear detonations have been used. Numerous attacks have subsequently been realized against both domestic and international American targets. Winning the war against terrorism means acknowledging and responding to the psychological dynamics inherent in this form of warfare, as well as the military and law enforcement aspects of the war. Consistent with Caplan's notions of preventive psychiatry, the fight against terrorism must occur on three levels: (1) prevention of the terrorist attacks themselves, (2) mitigating the adverse psychological impact of the persistent threats of terrorist acts, as well as the terrorist attacks when they do occur, and (3) psychological treatment of the lingering adverse effects of threatened or actualized terrorist attacks. The preplanned and/or coordinated psychological efforts to counteract terrorism and prevail in any given war against terrorism shall be herein discussed and subsequently referred to as "psychological counterterrorism." PMID:12882091

Everly, George S

2003-01-01

197

The relationship of prejudicial attitudes to psychological, social, and physical well-being within a sample of college students in the United States.  

PubMed

This study examined the relationship of prejudicial attitudes to psychological, social, and physical well-being among 495 college students in the Northeast region of the United States. Prejudicial attitudes included racism, sexism, homophobia, physical disability bias, weight/body-size bias, and anti-immigrant sentiment. As a secondary objective, we examined the associations among the various forms of prejudice and their relationship to key demographic and personal characteristics. We also examined the associations between psychological, social, and physical well-being. The results indicated that specific forms of prejudice, especially racism and sexism, were negative correlates of psychological, social, and/or physical well-being. The results also indicated that there may exist a prejudicial syndrome, linking diverse forms of prejudice. Furthermore, poor functioning in one area of well-being (e.g., psychological health) is related to poor functioning in other areas of well-being (social and physical health). Overall, this study provides important implications for future research and prevention programs in the area of prejudice and well-being. PMID:25011208

Dinh, Khanh T; Holmberg, Michelle D; Ho, Ivy K; Haynes, Michelle C

2014-01-01

198

Marital Relationship, Body Image and Psychological Quality of Life among Breast Cancer Patients: The Moderating Role of the Disease’s Phases  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this cross-sectional study we analyzed the links between marital quality and intimacy, body image, and psychological quality\\u000a of life (PQoL) of breast cancer patients, as well as the moderating role of cancer phase (treatment, survivorship) on the\\u000a aforementioned links. We also evaluated whether body image mediated the associations between marital relationship variables\\u000a and PQoL. An analysis of the data

Helena Moreira; Carla Crespo; Tiago Paredes; Sónia Silva; Maria Cristina Canavarro; Frank M. Dattilio

2011-01-01

199

A Life Course Approach to Assessing Causes of Dental Caries Experience: The Relationship between Biological, Behavioural, SocioEconomic and Psychological Conditions and Caries in Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to further elucidate the relationship between relevant biological, behavioural, socio-economic and psychological conditions, experienced in very early life and along the life course, and dental caries experience using the life course approach. A two-phase study was carried out in Brazil. In the first phase, 652 13-year-olds were clinically examined and interviewed. In the second

B. Nicolau; W. Marcenes; M. Bartley; A. Sheiham

2003-01-01

200

The Relationship between Self-Appraisal, Professional Training, and Diversity Awareness among Forensic Psychology Students: A Pilot Formative Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Currently, there is a growing need for formal training in forensic psychology. This pilot study examines the relational-behavior model (RBM) as a method of intrinsic motivational instruction, perceived academic competence, and program competency among a sample of forensic psychology students. In theory, the RBM suggests that self-appraisal,…

Chandler, Donald S., Jr.; Chandler, Michele D.; Clark, Quelanda C.

2009-01-01

201

An Exploration of the Relationship between Teachers' Psychological Capital and Their Collective Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers who possess high levels of psychological capital and collective self-esteem are better able to cope with the spate of school violence, student/student bullying, and other current issues confronting the education system globally, regionally, and nationally. A teacher psychological capital high in hope, optimism, self-efficacy, resilience,…

Bissessar, Charmaine S.

2014-01-01

202

Psychology and common sense  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the nature of the relationship between psychology and common sense. It is postulated that common sense may be categorized in 3 ways: (a) as a set of shared fundamental assumptions, (b) as a set of maxims or shared beliefs, and (c) as a shared way of thinking. It is argued that psychology has and should have a different relationship

Garth J. Fletcher

1984-01-01

203

The relationship between hand function, depression, and the psychological impact of trauma in patients with traumatic hand injury.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to investigate the acute-stage and later-stage impacts of trauma on a patient, and to determine the relationship between the degree of the impact of the event and recovery of hand function in patients with traumatic hand injury. The functional status of patients was assessed by the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (DASH) questionnaire; psychological influence was assessed by the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); and the impact of the event was assessed by the Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) both during the acute stage and at a later stage. Fifty-four patients completed the study. The DASH, BDI, and IES-R scores were significantly improved at a later stage compared with the acute stage (P<0.05). The DASH, BDI, and IES-R scores had significant positive correlations with each other in both the acute stage and later stage (P<0.05). In the linear regression analysis, the independent variables affecting the DASH score at a later stage were the DASH and IES-R scores in the acute stage (P<0.05), whereas depression scores had no effect on functional outcome (P>0.05). Our study suggests that depression status, functional status of the hand, and impact of the event improve at a later stage, and that the functional outcome at a later stage is affected by the degree of impact of the event, and the functional status of the hand in the acute stage, in patients with traumatic hand injury. PMID:24276593

Dogu, Beril; Kuran, Banu; Sirzai, Hulya; Sag, Sinem; Akkaya, Nuray; Sahin, Fusun

2014-06-01

204

Need for the Doctor of Psychology Degree in Professional Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts the advantage of employing the PsyD degree both affirmatively, as a certificate of professional competence in psychology, and restrictively, to exclude inadequately trained people from the practice of professional psychology. (Author)

Peterson, Donald R.

1976-01-01

205

[Influence of evaluations and coping behavior in relationships with supervisors on the psychological stress responses of subordinates: A comparison between full-time workers and students working part-time jobs].  

PubMed

This research examined workers' and supervisors' evaluations of their relationships and coping behaviors as related to the workers' psychological stress responses. The participants were full-time workers and students working part-time jobs. This study focused on both informal and formal relationships. The results showed that full-time workers who evaluated their informal relationships with their supervisors as being more negative and perceived their supervisors' evaluations as being more positive had greater psychological stress responses. The psychological stress responses of students working part-time jobs were not significantly associated with their evaluations or their supervisors' evaluations. The results for full-time workers indicate that supervisors' positive evaluations of their informal relationships increased the subordinates' psychological stress responses. The proportion of variance attributed to the coping behavior of full-time workers was lower than for students working part-time jobs. PMID:18678067

Matsumoto, Tomoichiro; Kugihara, Naoki

2008-06-01

206

A longitudinal examination of psychological, behavioral, academic, and relationship consequences of dating abuse victimization among a primarily rural sample of adolescents  

PubMed Central

Purpose It is widely held that being victimized by a dating partner during adolescence has negative consequences, yet few longitudinal studies have examined those consequences. This longitudinal study examined the effects of psychological and physical (which included sexual) dating abuse victimization on internalizing symptoms, substance use, academic aspirations and grades, and relationships with friends and family. Methods This four-wave longitudinal study (N = 3,328), conducted in two rural North Carolina counties, spanned grades 8 to 12. Random coefficient analyses were used to examine prospective lagged effects of each type of dating abuse on each outcome and to examine sex and grade as moderators of lagged effects. Results Consequences varied by type of dating abuse experienced and sex. For both boys and girls, psychological victimization predicted increased alcohol use and physical victimization predicted increased cigarette use. For girls, physical victimization predicted increased marijuana use, and psychological victimization predicted increased internalizing symptoms; the latter effect was only marginally significant for boys. Physical victimization marginally predicted decreases in the number of close friends for boys. Neither type of victimization predicted increased family conflict or decreased academic aspirations or grades, nor was there evidence that consequences varied by grade. Conclusions Although causation cannot be concluded with longitudinal designs, our findings suggest that being victimized by a dating partner may result in detrimental consequences for adolescents. The findings demonstrate the importance of identifying and implementing evidence-based interventions for preventing dating abuse, including efforts to prevent psychological abuse specifically. PMID:23910572

Foshee, Vangie Ann; Reyes, Heath Luz McNaughton; Gottfredson, Nisha C.; Chang, Ling-Yin; Ennett, Susan T.

2013-01-01

207

Reciprocal Relationships between Resource Loss and Psychological Distress Following Exposure to Political Violence: An Empirical Investigation of COR Theory’s Loss Spirals  

PubMed Central

We conducted a four-wave prospective study of Palestinian adults living in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem, interviewed between 2007 and 2009 at 6-month intervals to explore transactional relationships among resource loss (i.e., intra- and inter-personal resource loss) and psychological distress (i.e., PTSD and depression symptoms). Initially, 1196 Palestinians completed the first wave interview and 752 of these participants completed all four interviews. A cross-lagged panel design was constructed to model the effects of trauma exposure on both resource loss and psychological distress and the subsequent reciprocal effects of resource loss and psychological distress across four time waves. Specifically, resource loss was modeled to predict distress, which in turn was expected to predict further resource loss. Structural equation modeling was used to test this design. We found that psychological distress significantly predicts resource loss across shorter, 6-month time waves, but that resource loss predicts distress across longer, 12-month intervals. These findings support the Conservation of Resources theory’s corollary of loss spirals. PMID:22091974

Heath, Nicole M.; Hall, Brian J.; Russ, Eric U.; Canetti, Daphna; Hobfoll, Stevan E.

2011-01-01

208

The relationship between employment status and self-rated health among wage workers in South Korea: the moderating role of household income.  

PubMed

The purpose of the study reported in this article was to investigate the relationship between employment status and self-rated health (SRH) and the moderating effect of household income among wage workers in South Korea. This research analyzed the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study, 2005 to 2008. Of the 10,494 respondents participating in the survey during the period, a total of 1,548 people whose employment status had remained either precarious or nonprecarious were selected. A moderated multiple regression model was used to examine the main effect of employment status on SRH and the moderating effect of total household income on the relationship between employment status and SRH. Among 343 precarious workers and 1,205 nonprecarious workers, after controlling for gender, age, education, smoking, and drinking, employment status was associated with SRH of wage workers, and household income was found to have a moderating effect on SRH in that higher income buffers the link between unstable employment status and low SRH. Unstable employment, combined with low income, was significantly related to precarious wage workers' perceived health. To promote public health, efforts may be needed to secure not only people's employment, but also their income. PMID:25665288

Lim, Hyejin; Kimm, Heejin; Song, In Han

2015-02-01

209

An Examination of Guided Imagery and Its Relationship to Self-Efficacy and the Implications for Employability in College Graduates Seeking Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the relationship between Guided-Imagery (GI) and Self-Efficacy (SE) as means to better understand how GI techniques affect SE levels, particularly in relation to career related performance. The use of GI has been found to elicit a state of relaxation where a deep level of focus is achieved which some would call an altered state…

Goins, Robin R.

2012-01-01

210

The Moderating Role of Social Support on the Relationship of Perceived Stress and Life Satisfaction of Psychology Graduate Students  

E-print Network

, saying, “Resources, then are the single unit necessary for the understanding of stress” (p. 516). Social support has been touted in research as one of the most important resources to buffer against the negative effects of stress. Psychological sense...

Townsend, Jan Cecilia

211

The Relationship Among Ethnic Identity, Psychological Well-Being, and Intergroup Competence: An Investigation of Two Biracial Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the ethnic identification, psychological well-being, and intergroup competence of biracial individuals. Using a self-identification measure, the authors explored whether biracial individuals would identify with one, both, or none of their ethnic heritages and the implications of these orientations on psychological well-being and intergroup competence. Sixty-six Black\\/White and Asian\\/White individuals were included. Not differing between the 2 biracial

Julie Suzuki-Crumly; Lauri L. Hyers

2004-01-01

212

Assessment of sleep disturbance in lung cancer patients: Relationship between sleep disturbance and pain, fatigue, quality of life, and psychological distress.  

PubMed

Objective: We investigated the prevalence of sleep disturbance and psychological distress in lung cancer patients. We also examined the association between sleep disturbance and psychological distress, pain, fatigue, and quality of life in the same population. Method: Fifty lung cancer patients were evaluated. Sleep disturbance was assessed using the Athens Sleep Insomnia Scale (AIS) and psychological distress using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Quality of life (QOL), pain, and fatigue were assessed employing the European Organization of Research and Treatment Quality of Life Questionnaire-Cancer 30 (EORTC QLQ-C30). Results: We observed that 56% of lung cancer patients had sleep disturbance (AIS score  ?6) and 60% had psychological distress (total HADS score ?11). Patients with sleep disturbance had a HADS score of 14.6 ± 5.8, a fatigue score of 45.3 ± 22.0, and a pain score of 27.2 ± 26.2. In contrast, patients without sleep disturbance had a lower HADS score of 9.9 ± 8.1 (p < 0.05) and a higher fatigue score of 28.5 ± 18.0 (p < 0.01) and a pain score of 8.7 ± 15.8 (p < 0.01). In addition, we found a lower QOL in patients with sleep disturbance (46.3 ± 20.2) than in those without (65.2 ± 20.7) (p < 0.05). We also observed a significant correlation between the AIS, HADS, fatigue, QOL, and pain scores. Significance of Results: Lung cancer patients suffered from combined symptoms related to sleep. Sleeping pills improved sleep induction but were not sufficient to provide sleep quality and prevent daytime dysfunction. Daytime dysfunction was specifically associated with psychological distress. Additionally, the type of sleep disturbance was related to other patient factors, including whether or not they received chemotherapy. PMID:24524428

Nishiura, Mare; Tamura, Atsuhisa; Nagai, Hideaki; Matsushima, Eisuke

2014-02-13

213

The Psychology of Cyberspace  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Professor John Suler of Rider University, The Psychology of Cyberspace is a frequently updated interactive document that provides "an evolving conceptual framework for understanding the various psychological components of cyberspace." Currently, the site contains six major components: The Fundamental Psychological Qualities of Cyberspace, The Psychology of the Individual in Cyberspace, The Psychology of Cyberspace Relationships, Group Dynamics in Cyberspace, Research Methods in Cyberpsychology, and The Palace Study, an ongoing case study of an online multimedia community. This extensive site also includes a subject index to aid information retrieval, and a modest annotated webliography of cyberpsychology resources.

Suler, John.

1999-01-01

214

New Research on the Relationships between Philadelphians' Educational Attainment and Their Employment, Earnings and Contributions to Government and Society. Research Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three recently-released research reports commissioned through Project U-Turn and funded by the William Penn Foundation and the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry offer analyses that shed new light on the relationships between Philadelphians' educational attainment and their earnings, employment and contributions to government and…

Philadelphia Youth Network, 2009

2009-01-01

215

The relationship between early personality and midlife psychological well-being: evidence from a UK birth cohort study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Individual differences in personality influence the occurrence, reporting and outcome of mental health problems across the\\u000a life course, but little is known about the effects on adult psychological well-being. The aim of this study was to examine\\u000a long range associations between Eysenck’s personality dimensions and psychological well-being in midlife.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The study sample comprised 1,134 women from the 1946 British birth

Rosemary A. Abbott; Tim J. Croudace; George B. Ploubidis; Diana Kuh; Marcus Richards; Felicia A. Huppert

2008-01-01

216

Psychological Variables as Correlates of Adjustment in Mothers of Children with Intellectual Disabilities: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Existing research studies suggest that parenting a child with intellectual disabilities (ID) can be a stressful experience. However, there are few data addressing the question of how or why parents might experience considerable distress. In the present study, psychological variables (acceptance, mindfulness, avoidant coping) are…

Lloyd, Tracey; Hastings, R. P.

2008-01-01

217

Relationships Between Adult Women’s Mental Health Problems and their Childhood Experiences of Parental Violence and Psychological Aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales (M. A. Straus, S. L. Hamby, D. Finkelhor, D. W. Moore, & D. Runyan, 1998) to assess retrospectively women’s childhood experiences of both mother and father physical abuse and psychological aggression, and assessed mother and father alcohol problems based on criteria derived from the Family History Research Diagnostic Criteria (N. C. Andreasen, J.

William R. Downs; Thomas Capshew; Barb Rindels

2006-01-01

218

Relationship of Weight-Based Teasing and Adolescents' Psychological Well-Being and Physical Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: To date, research has focused primarily on psychological correlates of weight-based teasing. In this study, we extended previous work by also examining physical health-related variables (eg, physical self-concept and physical fitness [PF]). Methods: Participants included 1419 middle school students (637 boys and 782 girls). Of these,…

Greenleaf, Christy; Petrie, Trent A.; Martin, Scott B.

2014-01-01

219

Health-related quality of life in soldiers in Croatia: relationship with combat readiness and psychological dimensions.  

PubMed

Health status of soldiers affects their quality of life and combat readiness. The aim of the research was to explore the differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) between combat ready und unready soldiers and to what extent are clinically assessed combat readiness and psychological dimensions related to self-reported HRQoL. The study included 402 consecutively selected soldiers aged 21 to 54 (mean age 35.3 +/- 6.0) who were classified on the basis of a regular health examination as combat ready (N=327) and unready (N=75). HRQoL was assessed using the Short Form-8 Questionnaire and psychological dimensions using the Brief Symptom Inventory. There were no significant differences in physical and mental components of HRQoL between combat ready and unready soldiers. Clinically assessed combat readiness and psychological symptomatic dimensions were weak predictors of HRQoL. Higher intensity of psychoticism and less years in military service were the only significant predictor of higher physical component of HRQoL (p=0.027 and p=0.020, respectively) but accounted for low variability (each 1%). None variable was a predictor of mental component. In conclusion, clinically assessed combat readiness of soldiers and psychological symptomatic dimensions are poor predictors of HRQoL. HRQoL should be introduced in evaluation of combat readiness. PMID:24592726

Peri?, Davorka; Plancak, Darije; Bulj, Martina; Tudor, Vedrana; Spalj, Stjepan

2013-12-01

220

The Relationship Between Psychological Health and Attitude Toward Christianity Among Pupils Aged 11 to 15 Years in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advocates of the secularization thesis describe radical decline in the significance of the Christian tradition among young people in England. In this context, a sample of 5,808 pupils age 11 to 15 years provided data about their religious identity and practice and completed the short-form Revised Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (as a measure of psychological health) and the Francis Scale

LESLIE J. FRANCIS; LINDA BURTON

2007-01-01

221

The Relationship Between Psychological Well-Being and Christian Faith and Practice in an Australian Population Sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

A random sample of 989 adults in an Australian community survey completed the Bradburn Balanced Affect Scale together with three measures of Christian faith and practice: belief in God, personal prayer, and church attendance. The data demonstrated a positive association between all three religious measures and psychological well-being. The analysis helps to account for discrepant findings in previous research. Recent

Leslie J. Francis; Peter Kaldor

2002-01-01

222

Income Inequality as a Moderator of the Relationship between Psychological Job Demands and Sickness Absence, in Particular in Men: An International Comparison of 23 Countries  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate whether more sickness absence is reported in countries with higher income inequality than elsewhere, and whether the level of income inequality moderates the association between psycho-social job demands and sickness absence. Methods Our analysis is based on the Fifth European Working Conditions Survey that compared 23 European countries. We performed multi-level regression analysis. On the macro-level of analysis we included the Gini-Index as measure of inequality. On the micro-level of analysis we followed the Karasek-Theorell model and included three scales for psychological job demands, physical job demands, and decision latitude in the model. The model was stratified by sex. Results We found that, in countries with high income inequality, workers report significantly more sickness absence than workers in countries with low income inequality. In addition we found that the level of income inequality moderates the relationship between psychological job demands and sickness absence. High psychological job demands are significantly more strongly related to more days of sickness absence in countries with low income inequality than in countries with high income inequality. Conclusions As the nature and causal pathways of cross-level interaction effects still cannot be fully explained, we argue that future research should aim to explore such causal pathways. In accordance with WHO recommendations we argue that inequalities should be reduced. In addition we state that, particularly in countries with low levels of income inequality, policies should aim to reduce psychological job demands. PMID:24505271

Muckenhuber, Johanna; Burkert, Nathalie; Großschädl, Franziska; Freidl, Wolfgang

2014-01-01

223

The Relationships among Production Changes, Employment Outcomes and Program Prestige for English and History Doctorates between 1973 and 2003  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

English and History doctoral programs produced varying amounts of doctoral degrees between 1973 and 2003. These doctoral degree recipients experienced changing employment outcomes influenced by program prestige. The main goal of this study is to explain the changes over time in doctoral degree production and employment outcomes for doctoral degree…

Merrill, Tim W., III

2009-01-01

224

Higher Education and Employment: The Changing Relationship. The Case of the Humanities and Social Sciences. Country Study: Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, one of a series of country studies on higher education and employment particularly in the humanities and social sciences, looks at employment prospects for social science and humanities graduates in Australia. An opening section describes government studies and initiatives and changes in the Australian higher education system since…

Williams, Bruce

225

A Descriptive Study on the Relationship between an Initial Physical Education Teacher Education Program and Employment Longevity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this descriptive study were to better describe to the administrators of a Midwestern university the strengths and weaknesses of its physical education program, to furnish a description of the alumni with respect to employment longevity in the field of physical education, employment trends, and attitudes toward the program. The…

Bebie, Kerry A.

2012-01-01

226

1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Offered through the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences' social and behavioral sciences discipline, the professional psychology program teaches students that combines extensive practical experience with classes on scientific foundations of psychology taught

Vertes, Akos

227

Psychological Factors Affecting Cardiologic Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are substantial data supporting a strong relationship between cardiovascular diseases and psychological conditions. However, the criteria for scientific validation of the entities currently subsumed under the DSM-IV category of ’Psychological factors affecting a medical condition’ have never been clearly enumerated and the terms ’psychological symptoms’ and ’personality traits’ that do not satisfy traditional psychiatric criteria are not well defined;

C. Rafanelli; R. Roncuzzi; F. Ottolini; M. Rigatelli

2007-01-01

228

Reaction time of industrial workers exposed to organic solvents: relationship to degree of exposure and psychological performance  

SciTech Connect

Auditory reaction time (RT) was examined on a day free from work and on a working day in 54 workers exposed to organic solvents and in 28 unexposed workers. Medical and occupational history was recorded and neurological examination and psychological testing carried out to establish quantitative parameters of exposure and cerebral function. There was a wider 95% range of the RT in the exposed group compared to the control group on the working day and a tendency in the same direction on the day free from work. There was no difference in the means of the RT, or within the groups between the examinations on the two days. The increased RT 95% range is interpreted as indicating an impaired ability in the exposed workers to maintain their attention during the experimental period, owing to chronic exposure of organic solvents. RT measurements did not correlate with exposure or psychological performance. RT would seem to be a means of measuring subclinical effects of exposure to organic solvents.

Gregersen, P.; Stigsby, B.

1981-01-01

229

Mothers' Time with Infant and Time in Employment as Predictors of Mother-Child Relationships and Children's Early Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested predictions from economic and developmental theories that maternal time with an infant is important for mother-child relationships and children's development, using time-use diaries for mothers of 7- to 8-month-old infants from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care (N=1,053).…

Huston, Aletha C.; Rosenkrantz Aronson, Stacey

2005-01-01

230

The Relationship among Counselor Demographic, Training, and Employment Variables and Self-Reported Multicultural and Gerontological Counseling Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the "Baby Boom" population ages, the geriatric population will grow to be the largest cohort in history. Elders are considered to be members of a diverse population and, therefore, topics related to older adulthood should be addressed within multicultural training. The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship among counselor…

McBride, Rebecca G.

2010-01-01

231

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

232

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

233

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

234

Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

Economics Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;Welcome from the Head of Department The University of Bath is a world-class institution. In the Department of Psychology we offer high-quality undergraduate degrees in Psychology ­ our BSc (Hons) has consistently ranked

Burton, Geoffrey R.

235

The use of the psychological contract to explain turnover intentions in the hospitality industry: a research study on the impact of gender on the turnover intentions of highly educated employees  

Microsoft Academic Search

The subject of this study is the psychological contract approach to the employment relationship within the hospitality industry with special reference to highly educated employees. The purpose was to research the differences in the psychological contract and its relation to the intention to leave between highly-educated male and female employees. The research study conducted among this specific group worldwide provided

R. J. Blomme; A. van Rheede; D. M. Tromp

2010-01-01

236

Learning, Labour and Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public policy in the UK has adopted employability to define the relationship of globalisation, work and learning. This article claims that employability serves the interests of capital. It helps capital to exercise its domination/hegemony over labour and employs a redefined vision of learning as its principal vehicle. Employability is a term that…

Ball, Malcolm J.

2009-01-01

237

Do Coping Styles Moderate or Mediate the Relationship between Internalized Heterosexism and Sexual Minority Women's Psychological Distress?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to test tenets of both minority stress and lesbian feminist/sexual identity development theories by examining the potential moderating and mediating roles of individual coping styles (i.e., problem-solving and avoidant coping) in the relationship between internalized heterosexism and lesbian and bisexual (sexual…

Szymanski, Dawn M.; Owens, Gina P.

2008-01-01

238

Relationship of Psychological Coping Resources and Attachment to Negative Emotions Experienced by College Students following Parental Conflict.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Family sources of stress and conflict are critical variables in the well-being of adolescents. This paper assesses the relationship of coping resources to negative emotions produced by parental conflict after controlling for social desirability; age; financial resources; and measures of parental attachment and family functioning. Undergraduate…

McCarthy, Christopher J.; Lambert, Richard G.; Seraphine, Anne E.

239

Peer relationships in physical activity contexts: a road less traveled in youth sport and exercise psychology research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background and Purpose. While it is well established that social agents contribute to the quality of youth physical activity experiences, relatively little research has specifically explored peer relationships in physical activity settings. Rather, the bulk of research on social agents has focused on teachers, coaches, and parents. The purpose of this paper is to provide justification for pursuing youth peer

Alan L Smith

2003-01-01

240

The Epistemological Argument Against a Causal Relationship Between Media Violence and Sociopathic Behavior Among Psychologically Well Viewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the media violence research that has occurred, principally in the United States, has been based on a fundamental epistemological error: A correlation between variables— that is, between the consumption of media violence and acted-out aggression—has been inferred by many researchers to be a causal relationship. This article suggests that scholars who infer causation from correlation miss an important

Tom Grimes; Lori Bergen

2008-01-01

241

The relationship between severe maternal morbidity and psychological health symptoms at 6–8 weeks postpartum: a prospective cohort study in one English maternity unit  

PubMed Central

Background The incidence of severe maternal morbidity is increasing in high-income countries. However, little has been known about the impact on postnatal morbidity, particularly on psychological health outcomes. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between severe maternal morbidity (ie. major obstetric haemorrhage, severe hypertensive disorders or intensive care unit/obstetric high dependency unit admission) and postnatal psychological health symptoms, focusing on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms at 6–8 weeks postpartum. Method A prospective cohort study was undertaken of women who gave birth over six months in 2010 in an inner city maternity unit in England. Primary outcomes were prevalence of PTSD symptoms namely: 1) intrusion and 2) avoidance as measured using the Impact of Event Scale at 6 – 8 weeks postpartum via a self-administered postal questionnaire. Secondary outcomes included probable depression. Data on incidence of severe maternal morbidity were extracted from maternity records. Multivariable logistic regression analysis examined the relationship between severe maternal morbidity and PTSD symptoms taking into account factors that might influence the relationship. Results Of women eligible to participate (n=3509), 52% responded. Prevalence of a clinically significant level of intrusion and avoidance were 6.4% (n=114) and 8.4% (n=150) respectively. There was a higher risk of PTSD symptoms among women who experienced severe maternal morbidity compared with women who did not (adjusted OR = 2.11, 95%CI = 1.17-3.78 for intrusion; adjusted OR = 3.28, 95%CI = 2.01-5.36 for avoidance). Higher ratings of reported sense of control during labour/birth partially mediated the risk of PTSD symptoms. There were no statistically significant differences in the prevalence or severity of symptoms of depression. Conclusion This is one of the largest studies to date of PTSD symptoms among women who had recently given birth. Findings showed that an experience of severe maternal morbidity was independently associated with symptoms of PTSD. Individually tailored care that increases women’s sense of control during labour may be a protective factor with further work required to promote effective interventions to prevent these symptoms. Findings have important implications for women’s health and the content and organisation of maternity services during and after the birth. PMID:24708797

2014-01-01

242

Demography, Immigration Background, Difficulties with Livingin Japan, and Psychological Distress among Japanese Brazilians in Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship of demography, immigration background, and concerns and difficulties associated with living in Japan to nonpsychotic psychological disturbance (i.e., “caseness”) measured by the GHQ-12. Data are from a sample of 265 Japanese Brazilians (JB) residing outside the Tokyo Metropolitan area. Employing multiple logistic regression analyses, it was found that JB who experienced lower economic conditions, lived

Takashi Asakura; Alice K. Murata

2006-01-01

243

Promises from Afar: A Model of International Student Psychological Contract in Business Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite their significant presence in western business schools, the needs and experiences of international students have not been adequately reflected in the business education literature. We draw upon psychological contract theory--used to understand employer-employee relationships--to develop a novel theoretical model on the international…

Bordia, Sarbari; Bordia, Prashant; Restubog, Simon Lloyd D.

2015-01-01

244

Employment Inquiries -Page 1 of 3 EMPLOYMENT INQUIRIES  

E-print Network

into the severity of the disability or condition. However, an employer may require any medical or psychological disability, medical condition, marital status, sex, age, or sexual orientation, or any intent to make or psychological examination or inquiry of any applicant or to make any inquiry whether an applicant has a mental

Sorin, Eric J.

245

Relationship of Substance Use\\/Abuse with Psychological and Physical Intimate Partner Violence: Variations Across Living Situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study addresses whether the relationship between illicit drug use\\/abuse measures and intimate partner violence (IPV)\\u000a varies across socioeconomic status, racial status, and environmental indictors of a drug supportive culture. Data from 19,131\\u000a respondents who were living with intimate partners and had not been treated for a substance abuse problem in the last year\\u000a and participated in the National Household

Loretta J. Stalans; Jennifer Ritchie

2008-01-01

246

Exploring the relationship between employer recordkeeping and underreporting in the BLS Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses  

PubMed Central

Background Little empirical data exist to identify the reasons for underreporting in the US Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) non-fatal occupational injury and illness data. Methods We interviewed occupational injury and illness record keepers from Washington State establishments that participated in the 2008 BLS Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII). Qualitative and quantitative methods were used to explore recordkeeping and business practices that may explain SOII's incomplete case capture compared with WC claims data. Results Most participants (90%) did not comply with OSHA recordkeeping regulations. Other factors including using workplace injury data to evaluate supervisors' or SOII respondent's job performance, recording injuries for a worksite that operates multiple shifts, and failing to follow SOII instructions were more common among establishments with unreported WC claims. Conclusion Business practices that incentivize low injury rates, disorganized recordkeeping, and limited communication between BLS and survey respondents are barriers to accurate employer reports of work-related injuries and illnesses. Am. J. Ind. Med. 57:1133–1143, 2014. © 2014 The Authors. American Journal of Industrial Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25099477

Wuellner, Sara E; Bonauto, David K

2014-01-01

247

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;The University of Bath is to offer an exciting new MSci (Hons) programme in Psychology, available from autumn 2014 onwards (subject to final approval with the opportunity to advance your knowledge of the field of psychology, while gaining a masters level qualification

Burton, Geoffrey R.

248

The Future of Employment and Unemployment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the impact of microprocessor technology on employment. Examines the changing nature of work and questions whether full employment is natural or necessary. Outlines physical, psychological, social, and material aspects of work. Notes implications for teachers, counselors, and students. (RC)

Bradshaw, Patricia; Burke, Ronald J.

1983-01-01

249

Objective techniques for psychological assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A literature review and a pilot study are used to develop psychological assessment techniques for determining objectively the major aspects of the psychological state of an astronaut. Relationships between various performance and psychophysiological variables and between those aspects of attention necessary to engage successfully in various functions are considered in developing a paradigm to be used for collecting data in manned isolation chamber experiments.

Wortz, E.; Hendrickson, W.; Ross, T.

1973-01-01

250

3 Introduction 4 Training in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

1 2 Contacts 3 Introduction 4 Training in Clinical Psychology 4 Entry Requirements 6 Scholarship Justice Psychology 16 Overview of Programme 40 Clinical Placements 41 Profile of Employment Post to give an overview of the Clinical Psychology Programme. Information contained in this publication

Hickman, Mark

251

For additional information, contact: Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

For additional information, contact: Department of Psychology Montana State University 325.montana.edu/wwwpy psydept@montana.edu PSYCHOLOGY: SCIENCE FOR FUTURE CAREERS Our department offers a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree in psychology. This degree prepares undergraduate students for employment in applied settings

Maxwell, Bruce D.

252

Psychological Tests and Minorities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems with traditional testing, particularly as they relate to minorities, are discussed; and psychological tests designed specifically for Blacks are reviewed. Considered are general problems, problems with testing at the higher education level and for employment, and moral and legal implications of the testing controversy. The rationale…

Wright, Brenda Johnson; Isenstein, Vivian R.

253

Maternally administered interventions for preterm infants in the NICU: Effects on maternal psychological distress and mother-infant relationship.  

PubMed

Although studies have examined the effects of interventions focused on preterm infants, few studies have examined the effects on maternal distress (anxiety, depressive symptoms, post-traumatic stress symptoms, parenting stress) or parenting. This study examined the effects of the auditory-tactile-visual-vestibular (ATVV) intervention and kangaroo care (KC) on maternal distress and the mother-infant relationship compared to an attention control group. 240 mothers from four hospitals were randomly assigned to the three groups. Maternal characteristics in the three groups were similar: 64.1% of ATVV mothers, 64.2% of KC mothers, and 76.5% of control mothers were African American; maternal age averaged 26.3 years for ATVV mothers, 28.1 for KC mothers, and 26.6 for control mothers; and years of education averaged 13.6 for ATVV and KC mothers, and 13.1 for control mothers. Mothers only differed on parity: 68.4% of ATVV and 54.7% of KC mothers were first-time mothers as compared to 43.6% of control mothers. Their infants had a similar mean gestational ages (27.0 weeks for ATVV, 27.2 for KC, and 27.4 for control) and mean birthweights (993g for ATVV, 1022 for KC, and 1023 for control). Mothers completed questionnaires during hospitalization, and at 2, 6 and 12 months corrected age on demographic characteristics, depressive symptoms, state anxiety, post-traumatic stress symptoms, parenting stress, worry about child health, and child vulnerability (only at 12 months). At 2 and 6 months, 45-min videotapes of mother-infant interactions were made, and the HOME Inventory was scored. Behaviors coded from the videotapes and a HOME subscale were combined into five interactive dimensions: maternal positive involvement and developmental stimulation and child social behaviors, developmental maturity, and irritability. Intervention effects were examined using general linear mixed models controlling for parity and recruitment site. The groups did not differ on any maternal distress variable. Kangaroo care mothers showed a more rapid decline in worry than the other mothers. The only interactive dimensions that differed between the groups were child social behaviors and developmental maturity, which were both higher for kangaroo care infants. Change over time in several individual infant behaviors was affected by the interventions. When mothers reported on the interventions they performed, regardless of group assignment, massage (any form including ATVV) was associated with a more rapid decline in depressive symptoms and higher HOME scores. Performing either intervention was associated with lower parenting stress. These findings suggest that as short-term interventions, KC and ATVV have important effects on mothers and their preterm infants, especially in the first half of the first year. PMID:25247740

Holditch-Davis, Diane; White-Traut, Rosemary C; Levy, Janet A; O'Shea, T Michael; Geraldo, Victoria; David, Richard J

2014-11-01

254

Medical psychology: Psychology's neglected child  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the field of medicine as an area for psychological inquiry. Evidence for the growth of medical psychology is presented, though relatively few psychologists are engaged in its pursuit. Medical topics of interest to psychologists are discussed, and the importance of more rigorous research methodologies being used in this area is stressed. It is suggested that psychology and medicine need

Michael J. Asken

1975-01-01

255

The effects of transformational leadership on followers’ perceived work characteristics and psychological well-being: A longitudinal study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transformational leaders employ a visionary and creative style of leadership that inspires employees to broaden their interest in their work and to be innovative and creative. There is some evidence that transformational leadership style is linked to employee psychological well-being. However, it is not clear whether this is due to (1) a direct relationship between leadership behaviour and affective well-being

Karina Nielsen; Raymond Randall; Joanna Yarker; Sten-Olof Brenner

2008-01-01

256

Physiological and Psychological Expression of Personality Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we analyzed the physiological and psychological states of female college students using the typological theory of Carl Jung. It was suggested that the expression of psychological typological characteristics (psychotypological actualization) is associated with the actual autonomic, somatic, and psychological condition of the subject. The analysis of the relationships of the psychotypological actualization with the psychophysiological state pointed

A. I. Nesterenko; V. N. Vasilyev; M. A. Medvedev; T. V. Robenkova

2003-01-01

257

American Psychological Association Help Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

258

American Psychological Association Help Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

1999-01-01

259

The relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder, illness cognitions, defence styles, fatigue severity and psychological well-being in chronic fatigue syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated, firstly, the rate of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the level of psychological well-being amongst people with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS); and secondly, the extent to which illness cognitions, defence styles and PTSD symptom severity related to fatigue severity and psychological well-being. Seventy-eight participants with a diagnosis of CFS completed the Chalder Fatigue Scale, the General Health

Rebekah Eglinton; Man Cheung Chung

2011-01-01

260

Extending the Reach of Vocational Psychology: Toward an Inclusive and Integrative Psychology of Working  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article, which represents a contribution to the 30th anniversary issue of the Journal of Vocational Behavior, seeks to extend the reach of vocational psychology by charting the course for an integrative and inclusive psychology of working. Building on Richardson's (1993) foundation of work as a location for counseling psychology practice and inquiry, I employ a sociopolitical analysis and a

David L. Blustein

2001-01-01

261

Infertility and psychological distress: A critical review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay reviews the literature on the social psychological impact of infertility, paying special attention to the relationship between gender and the infertility experience. It is convenient to divide the literature into articles which explore the possibility that infertility may have psychological causes (Psychogenic Hypothesis) and those which examine the psychological consequences of infertility (Psychological Consequences Hypothesis). The psychogenic hypothesis

Arthur L. Greil

1997-01-01

262

Employment Characteristics of Families  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bureau of Labor Statistics site offers data on the employment characteristics of American families. The statistics include data on employment and unemployment in families by race, relationship, sex, marital status, presence of children in the family, and presence of children under three, among others. The data can be accessed from a table of contents or reviewed in an extensive news release.

2001-01-01

263

Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology  

PubMed Central

Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism. PMID:22478175

Staats, Arthur W.

1994-01-01

264

ARTICLE 10.1177/1077801202238431VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN / January 2003Swan, Snow / BEHAVIORAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES Behavioral and Psychological Differences  

E-print Network

AND PSYCHOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES Behavioral and Psychological Differences Among Abused Women Who Use Violence and psychological differences among women who used violence in four types of relationships. Nearly all of the women the partner than he against her) had the poorest behavioral and psychological indices. Women in Mixed- Female

Almor, Amit

265

Psychological Well-Being and Internet Addiction among University Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between Internet addiction and psychological well-being. Participants were 479 university students who completed a questionnaire package that included the Online Cognition Scale and the Scales of Psychological Well-Being. The relationships between Internet addiction and psychological…

Cardak, Mehmet

2013-01-01

266

Hyperandrogenemia, psychological distress, and food cravings in young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reproductive disorders and psychological distress are common co-morbidities of obesity in young women. Psychological and reproductive disturbances may also be associated with increased food cravings but the relationships between these factors have not been explored. This study aimed to explore the pattern of food cravings and to determine the relationship between psychological distress, reproductive health and food cravings in overweight

Siew S. Lim; Robert J. Norman; Peter M. Clifton; Manny Noakes

2009-01-01

267

"We're Not Alone": An Analysis of the Relationship between Program Design and Teacher Candidate Interaction and Support in a Teacher Education Program Employing a Cohort System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is very little evidence regarding the specifics of how teacher candidates in preservice teacher education programs employing a cohort system interact and support one another. Similarly, there have been calls for more evidence of the specifics of the socialization process of teacher candidates, especially as it relates to the relationship…

Levin, Jason

2012-01-01

268

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements The minor program in Psychology is designed to expose students to a variety of content areas in the field of Psychology and to provide the student with the ability to evaluate Psychology researcher as a consumer. To declare a Psychology minor, the student must

Chase, Sheila

269

The psychological effects of vasectomy for American men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewed evidence concerning the psychological effects of vasectomy for American men. Surveys of postoperative sexual behavior and satisfaction and/or happiness were cited, as were data from studies employing clinical interviews and/or psychological tests. (Author/SB)

Bloom, Larry J.; Houston, B. Kent

1976-01-01

270

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY information specific to the School Psychology Specialization. This specialization is fully approved ................................................................................................ 3 THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY .............................. 3 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

Saldin, Dilano

271

Psychological Distress and Coping amongst Higher Education Students: A Mixed Method Enquiry  

PubMed Central

Background Psychological distress among higher education students is of global concern. Students on programmes with practicum components such as nursing and teacher education are exposed to additional stressors which may further increase their risk for psychological distress. The ways in which these students cope with distress has potential consequences for their health and academic performance. An in-depth understanding of how nursing/midwifery and teacher education students experience psychological distress and coping is necessary to enable higher education providers to adequately support these students. Methods This mixed method study was employed to establish self-reported psychological distress (General Health Questionnaire), coping processes (Ways of Coping Questionnaire) and lifestyle behaviour (Lifestyle Behaviour Questionnaire) of a total sample (n?=?1557) of undergraduate nursing/midwifery and teacher education students in one university in Ireland. Individual interviews (n?=?59) provided an in-depth understanding of students experiences of psychological distress and coping. Results A significant percentage (41.9%) of respondents was psychologically distressed. The factors which contributed to their distress, included study, financial, living and social pressures. Students used varied coping strategies including seeking social support, problem solving and escape avoidance. The positive relationship between elevated psychological distress and escape avoidance behaviours including substance use (alcohol, tobacco and cannabis) and unhealthy diet is of particular concern. Statistically significant relationships were identified between “escape-avoidance” and gender, age, marital status, place of residence, programme/year of study and lifestyle behaviours such as diet, substance use and physical inactivity. Conclusion The paper adds to existing research by illuminating the psychological distress experienced by undergraduate nursing/midwifery and teacher education students. It also identifies their distress, maladaptive coping and the relationship to their lifestyle behaviours. The findings can inform strategies to minimise student distress and maladaptive coping during college and in future professional years. PMID:25506825

Deasy, Christine; Coughlan, Barry; Pironom, Julie; Jourdan, Didier; Mannix-McNamara, Patricia

2014-01-01

272

Pain-related musculoskeletal disorders, psychological comorbidity, and the relationship with physical and mental well-being in Gulf War veterans.  

PubMed

Occupational activities such as lifting loads, working in constrained spaces, and training increase the risk of pain-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in military veterans. Few studies have investigated MSD and psychological disorder in veterans, and previous studies had limitations. This cross-sectional study compared pain-related MSD and psychological comorbidity and well-being between 1381 male Australian 1990-1991 Gulf War veterans (veterans) and a military comparison group (n=1377, of whom 39.6% were serving and 32.7% had previously deployed). At a medical assessment, 2000-2002, reported doctor-diagnosed arthritis or rheumatism, back or neck problems, joint problems, and soft tissue disorders were rated by medical practitioners as nonmedical, unlikely, possible, or probable diagnoses. Only probable MSDs were analysed. Psychological disorders in the past 12 months were measured using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. The Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) assessed 4-week physical and mental well-being. Almost one-quarter of veterans (24.5%) and the comparison group (22.4%) reported an MSD. Having any or specific MSD was associated with depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but not alcohol disorders. Physical and mental well-being was poorer in those with an MSD compared to those without, in both study groups (eg, veterans with any MSD, difference in SF-12 physical component summary scale medians = -10.49: 95% confidence interval -12.40, -8.57), and in those with MSD and psychological comorbidity compared with MSD alone. Comorbidity of any MSD and psychological disorder was more common in veterans, but MSDs were associated with depression, PTSD, and poorer well-being in both groups. Psychological comorbidity needs consideration in MSD management. Longitudinal studies are needed to assess directionality and causality. PMID:24361580

Kelsall, Helen Louise; McKenzie, Dean Philip; Forbes, Andrew Benjamin; Roberts, Minainyo Helen; Urquhart, Donna Michelle; Sim, Malcolm Ross

2014-04-01

273

Principal Investigator: Ezemenari Obasi, obasi@uga.edu Title: Psychological Distress, Acculturation, and Mental Health-Seeking Attitudes among People of African  

E-print Network

Principal Investigator: Ezemenari Obasi, obasi@uga.edu Title: Psychological Distress, Acculturation information: Obasi, Ezemenari & Leong, Frederick (2009). Psychological distress, acculturation, and mental researchers investigated the relationship between psychological distress, acculturation and psychological help

Scott, Robert A.

274

Sport Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sport psychology is defined in terms of human behavior in athletic situations. The psychosocial cross-cultural setting provides a model for studying trait and state psychosocial attributes and suggests issues and concerns for further study. (JMF)

Krotee, March L.

1980-01-01

275

The Investigation of Relationship among Relational-Interdependent Self-Construal, Cyberbullying, and Psychological Disharmony in Adolescents: An Investigation of Structural Equation Modelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of relational-interdependent self-construal on cyberbullying and the effect of cyberbullying on psychological disharmony. Participants were 258 high school students. In this study, the Relational-Interdependent Self-Construal Scale, the Revised Cyberbullying Inventory, and the Depression, Anxiety,…

Cetin, Bayram; Eroglu, Yuksel; Peker, Adem; Akbaba, Sirri; Pepsoy, Sevim

2012-01-01

276

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name MSc Psychology (Health)  

E-print Network

physical disorders; and techniques that could reduce disease risk by modifying health beliefs, attitudes1 PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION ­ POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES KEY FACTS Programme name MSc Psychology (Health Health Psychology is a discipline devoted to furthering an understanding of scientific relationships

Weyde, Tillman

277

Employer Responsibilities  

MedlinePLUS

... Regulations Enforcement Data & Statistics Training Publications Newsroom Small Business Anti-Retaliation Back to Workers Page Employer Responsibilities versión en español Under the OSH law, employers have a responsibility to provide a safe ...

278

Leader--member exchange, differentiation, and psychological contract fulfillment: a multilevel examination.  

PubMed

Prior integrations of the leader-member exchange (LMX) and psychological contract literatures have not clarified how within-group LMX differentiation influences employees' attitudes and behaviors in the employment relationship. Therefore, using a sample of 278 members and managers of 31 intact work groups at 4 manufacturing plants, the authors examined how LMX operating at the within-group level (relative LMX, or RLMX) and the group level influenced perceptions of psychological contract fulfillment and employee-level outcomes. Controlling for individual-level perceptions of LMX quality, results indicated a positive relationship between RLMX and fulfillment, which was strengthened as group-level variability in LMX quality increased. Perceptions of fulfillment mediated the relationship between RLMX and performance and sportsmanship behaviors. The importance of conceptualizing LMX as simultaneously operating at multiple levels is highlighted. PMID:19025243

Henderson, David J; Wayne, Sandy J; Shore, Lynn M; Bommer, William H; Tetrick, Lois E

2008-11-01

279

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University D. Facilities E. Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology 2. Department Faculty and Staff

Sanders, Matthew

280

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

281

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350  

E-print Network

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350 Abnormal Psychology Spring 2008 N-101 Tuesdays 4 psychology. By the end of the semester, students will be able to: · Discuss extant models of abnormal in Foundation II.B., Social and Behavioral Sciences required." #12;Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 2 Course

Gallo, Linda C.

282

Guidelines for clinical supervision in health service psychology.  

PubMed

This document outlines guidelines for supervision of students in health service psychology education and training programs. The goal was to capture optimal performance expectations for psychologists who supervise. It is based on the premises that supervisors (a) strive to achieve competence in the provision of supervision and (b) employ a competency-based, meta-theoretical approach to the supervision process. The Guidelines on Supervision were developed as a resource to inform education and training regarding the implementation of competency-based supervision. The Guidelines on Supervision build on the robust literatures on competency-based education and clinical supervision. They are organized around seven domains: supervisor competence; diversity; relationships; professionalism; assessment/evaluation/feedback; problems of professional competence, and ethical, legal, and regulatory considerations. The Guidelines on Supervision represent the collective effort of a task force convened by the American Psychological Association (APA) Board of Educational Affairs (BEA). (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25581007

2015-01-01

283

The Relationship of Chronological Age, Age at Injury, and Duration of Injury to Employment Status in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employment status following spinal cord injury (SCI) has important implications for financial and psychosocial well-being.\\u000a Several age-related variables—in particular chronological age, duration of SCI, and age at SCI onset—have been identified\\u000a as being associated with employment among individuals with SCI. Cross-sectional investigations of this topic are complicated\\u000a by methodological and statistical issues associated with aging and disability. The purpose of

Adam T. Hirsh; Ivan R. Molton; Kurt L. Johnson; Charles H. Bombardier; Mark P. Jensen

2009-01-01

284

29 CFR 791.2 - Joint employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Joint employment. 791.2 Section 791...INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS JOINT EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP UNDER FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938 § 791.2 Joint employment. (a) A single...

2010-07-01

285

29 CFR 791.2 - Joint employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Joint employment. 791.2 Section 791...INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS JOINT EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP UNDER FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938 § 791.2 Joint employment. (a) A single...

2013-07-01

286

29 CFR 791.2 - Joint employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Joint employment. 791.2 Section 791...INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS JOINT EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP UNDER FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938 § 791.2 Joint employment. (a) A single...

2012-07-01

287

29 CFR 791.2 - Joint employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Joint employment. 791.2 Section 791...INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS JOINT EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP UNDER FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938 § 791.2 Joint employment. (a) A single...

2014-07-01

288

29 CFR 791.2 - Joint employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Joint employment. 791.2 Section 791...INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS JOINT EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIP UNDER FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938 § 791.2 Joint employment. (a) A single...

2011-07-01

289

Stanford Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A host of online educational initiatives during the past few years have brought lectures from all over the world into the homes into many persons who may not have access to such programs in their own local communities. One such website brings the insights and collected knowledge of various members of Stanford University's renowned psychology department to the Internet-browsing public. The lectures address such topics as the psychology of evil, the role of parents in their children's lives, and the role of personal and collective efficacy. Along with these individual talks presented by various members of the psychology faculty, there are several nice panel sessions on the nature of language and the cultural shaping of emotion. Finally, the site also contains the lively question-and-answer sessions that followed each panel session.

290

Are Discrepancies Among Child, Mother, and Father Reports on Children's Behavior Related to Parents' Psychological Symptoms and Aspects of Parent–Child Relationships?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined whether parents' symptoms and qualitative and quantitative aspects of parent–child relationships make unique contributions to mothers' and fathers' reports of, and mother–child, father–child, and father–mother discrepancies on, children's behavior. Participants were 100 children, aged 10–12, and their mothers and fathers. Parents' symptoms and parent–child relationships made unique contributions to both parents' ratings of externalizing behavior. Although parent–child relationship variables

Christina M. Treutler; Catherine C. Epkins

2003-01-01

291

Research Review Psychology 2011  

E-print Network

Research Review Psychology 2011 QANU July 2012 #12;QANU / Psychology research assessment 20122;QANU / Psychology Research assessment 2012 3 CONTENTS 1. The Review Committee and review procedures...............................................166 Appendix D: Additional information regarding the Leiden Institute of Psychology ..............169

van Rooij, Robert

292

Engaging Employers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key factor in the successful development of workplace learning is employer engagement (Leitch, 2006; DfES, 2007). However, despite numerous approaches by government in the United Kingdom to bring together employers, providers and learners so that economic success is generated by a skilled and flexible workforce, there continue to be challenges…

Hillier, Yvonne

2008-01-01

293

Employer Toolkit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of two guides intended for either employers or service providers involved in school to work partnerships for students with disabilities. "Tools for Service Providers" is intended to be used for training local-level providers who are developing school to work linkages with employers. Following an introduction, this booklet…

Thuli, Kelli J.; Hong, Esther

294

Employment Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ross Runkel is a retired professor of law, and given his long experience with employment and labor law, it seems quite natural that he would be the founder of the site, Employment Law. Along with a team of other equally qualified professionals, he has created this site to serve as a clearinghouse of material about the world of employment law and its many facets. First time visitors may wish to check out his employment law or arbitration blogs, then move on to one of the most popular features, a list of recent and pending cases in the field that have been heard before the US Supreme Court. Additionally, the âÂÂArticlesâ area contains pieces authored by Runkel and others, including a piece on how to find an employment lawyer and several timely pieces on the National Labor Relations Board.

Runkel, Ross, 1939-

295

Space psychology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

1974-01-01

296

Black Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contents of the present volume, designed to bring together in a single place writings by the new black psychologists and other black social and behavioral scientists, are organized in seven parts, as follows: Part I, "Black Psychology: Perspectives," includes articles by Cedric Clark, Wade W. Nobles, Doris P. Mosby, Joseph White, and William…

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

297

Social psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Slowly but surely, social psychology is coming into its own as the study of the social behavior of the individual. Many writers are noting, and some are investigating, social stimulus and response, and the specific effect of a social environment upon individual reaction. In spite of the persistent speculative essays of the old school, the trend is encouragingly toward observation

Floyd H. Allport

1920-01-01

298

Religiosity and psychological well?being  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between religiosity and psychological well?being in a sample of Greek Orthodox Christians. Previous research has documented that personal devotion, participation in religious activities, and religious salience are positively associated with different criteria of psychological well?being. The sample (83 men and 280 women) with an age range from 18 to

Angeliki Leondari; Vasilios Gialamas

2009-01-01

299

A Coaching Psychology Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Psychology in its place" (2008), John Radford considers "what is or should be the "place" of Psychology in education, more particularly Higher Education". In this article, the author looks at the possible inclusion of coaching psychology within undergraduate psychology programmes. Coaching psychology as an applied area of psychology…

Palmer, Stephen

2008-01-01

300

A Longitudinal Study of Psychological Burnout in Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This longitudinal study examined antecedents and consequences of psychological burnout among human service professionals. Antecedents of psychological burnout included individual and situational characteristics, work stressors, and measures of social support. Consequences of psychological burnout emphasized satisfaction and emotional and physical well-being variables. Participants in the study were 362 school-based educators (teachers and administrators) employed by the same school board. Respondents

Ronald J. Burke; Esther Greenglass

1995-01-01

301

1 What do Birmingham postgraduates do? School of Psychology  

E-print Network

Sciences; Psychology; or Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation Sciences) you will see a snapshot1 What do Birmingham postgraduates do? School of Psychology First destinations of postgraduates of Life and Environmental Sciences n Employability data for Psychology postgraduates, 2007­11 n

Miall, Chris

302

Exclusion, Employment and Opportunity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationships between employment, education, opportunity, social exclusion and poverty are central to current policy debates. Atkinson argues that the concepts of poverty, unemployment and social exclusion are closely related, but are not the same. People may be poor without being socially excluded, and vice versa. Unemployment may cause poverty, but this can be prevented. Equally, marginal jobs do not

A. B. Atkinson; John Hills

1998-01-01

303

PSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER PSY 380 WINTER TERM, 2012  

E-print Network

differences and similarities, gender roles, and the effect of gender on traditional issues in psychology. WePSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER ­ PSY 380 WINTER TERM, 2012 TR 2:00 ­ 3:20 p.m., DEA 208 Office Hours about gender, the relationship of gender to traditional issues in psychology (e.g., moral development

Lockery, Shawn

304

PSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER PSY 380 FALL TERM, 2013  

E-print Network

differences and similarities, gender roles, and the effect of gender on traditional issues in psychology. WePSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER ­ PSY 380 FALL TERM, 2013 TR 2:00 ­ 3:20 p.m., PAC 30 Office Hours about gender, the relationship of gender to traditional issues in psychology (e.g., moral development

Lockery, Shawn

305

PSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER PSY 380 SPRING TERM, 2012  

E-print Network

differences and similarities, gender roles, and the effect of gender on traditional issues in psychology. WePSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER ­ PSY 380 SPRING TERM, 2012 MW 8:30 ­ 9:50 a.m., CHA 207 Office Hours about gender, the relationship of gender to traditional issues in psychology (e.g., moral development

Lockery, Shawn

306

PSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER PSY 380 SPRING TERM, 2013  

E-print Network

differences and similarities, gender roles, and the effect of gender on traditional issues in psychology. WePSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER ­ PSY 380 SPRING TERM, 2013 TR 12:00 ­ 1:20 p.m., STB 146 Office Hours about gender, the relationship of gender to traditional issues in psychology (e.g., moral development

Lockery, Shawn

307

Psychological States and Staff Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of a group of 21 teachers focused on the relationship between their psychological states and their utilization of professional growth activities and programs. The study's objective was to generate a practical way of applying Maslow's Theory of Personality to the study of staff development. (JN)

McKibbin, Michael; Joyce, Bruce

1980-01-01

308

Therapy for Child Psychological Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research of childhood psychological maltreatment has documented a range of severe and long-lasting difficulties for children who experience this type of abuse. Consequences can include but are not limited to emotional and behavioural problems, low self-esteem, and relationship difficulties. Accordingly, the development of therapy programs to…

Leeson, Fiona; Nixon, Reginald D. V.

2010-01-01

309

College of Psychology College of Psychology  

E-print Network

College of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu www.iit.edu/colleges/psych Dean: M. Ellen Mitchell Associate Dean: Scott B. Morris Division Head, Clinical Psychology: Michael Young Division Head, Industrial

Heller, Barbara

310

Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

Rapport, Zachary

2011-01-01

311

The psychological well-being of disability caregivers: Examining the roles of family strain, family-to-work conflict, and perceived supervisor support.  

PubMed

We draw on the cross-domain model of work-family conflict and conservation of resources theory to examine the relationship between disability caregiving demands and the psychological well-being of employed caregivers. Using a sample of employed disability caregivers from a national survey, we found that the relationship between caregiving demands and family-to-work conflict was stronger when employees experienced high levels of strain from family. Additionally, we found high levels of family to-work conflict were subsequently associated with decreases in life satisfaction and increases in depression, but only when perceived supervisor support was low. Overall, our findings suggest an indirect relationship between caregiving demands and psychological well-being that is mediated by family-to-work conflict and is conditional on family strain and perceived supervisor support. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25181282

Li, Andrew; Shaffer, Jonathan; Bagger, Jessica

2015-01-01

312

 psychological distress in australian case managers working with the unemployed  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports levels of psychological distress found in a sample of Australian case managers who work with the unemployed. Using a longitudinal survey method- ology, 86 case managers employed throughout Australia completed the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12; D. P. Goldberg, 1978) on 2 occasions during 1999. In comparison with other studies investigating psychological well- being of both employed

Richard Goddard; Wendy Patton; Peter Creed

313

The Relationship of Two Types of Trauma Exposure to Current Physical and Psychological Symptom Distress in a Community Sample of Colombian Women: Why Interpersonal Violence Deserves More Attention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our purpose in this study was to examine the relationship between interpersonal violence and background traumas and symptom distress in a community sample of Colombian women (N = 217). We utilized the Life Stressor Checklist-Revised (LSC-R) to measure lifetime interpersonal violence (IPV) and background trauma exposure and the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) to measure current symptom distress. Although both exposures

Ashley Marie Schumacher; Diva Jaramillo; Tulia Uribe; Pilar Bernal De Pheils; William Holzemer; Diana Taylor; Agnes Tiwari; Gladys Eugenia Canaval; Maria Eugenia Mendoza Flores; Ruth Ann Belknap; Janice Carrol Humphreys

2010-01-01

314

The "Test-Tube" Generation: Parent-Child Relationships and the Psychological Well-Being of In Vitro Fertilization Children at Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared parent-child relationships and early adolescent well-being in families with children conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF), adoptive families, and families with a naturally conceived child. Found that IVF children were functioning well and did not differ from other children in social or emotional adjustment. (Author/KB)

Golombok, Susan; MacCallum, Fiona; Goodman, Emma

2001-01-01

315

Psychological progress in 1911  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outlines the progress of psychology with reference to: (1) the definition and scope of psychology, (2) the psychology of will, motivation and determination, (3) the measurement of intelligence, (4) The phenomena of dreams, and (5) differentiated branches of psychology having separate periodicals. Profiles the trend of psychological publications for the years 1909-1910. Concludes with a report on the deaths of

Edward Franklin Buchner

1912-01-01

316

The relationship of Alexithymia with anxiety-depression-stress, quality of life, and social support in Coronary Heart Disease (A psychological model)  

PubMed Central

Background: Although psychological factors are now recognized as playing a significant and independent role in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD) and its complications, many of these factors are correlated with each other. The present study is aimed at examining the association between alexithymia and anxiety depression, stress, quality of life, and social support in CHD patients. Materials and Methods: In this research 398 patients with coronary heart disease (166 females and 232 males) from the city of Isfahan were selected using random sampling. The tools used included depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS-21), Health-related to Quality Of Life (HRQOL-26), Multiple Scale Perceived Social Support (MSPSS-12), and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling by using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS21) (IBM Corp: Armonk, New York.U.S.) and Asset Management Operating System (AMOS21) SPSS, an IBM Company: Chicago, U.S. Software. Results: Results of the structural equation model showed an acceptable goodness of fit, for the explanation alexithymia that was significantly associated with lower HRQOL and social support and increasing anxiety, depression, and stress. Conclusions: Alexithymia may increase anxiety, depression, and stress and can be a predisposing factor to poorer HRQOL and social support. PMID:25077161

Nekouei, Zohreh Khayyam; Doost, Hamid Taher Neshat; Yousefy, Alireza; Manshaee, Gholamreza; Sadeghei, Masoumeh

2014-01-01

317

Psychological issues in pediatric obesity  

PubMed Central

Pediatric obesity is a major health problem and has reached epidemiological proportions today. The present paper reviews major psychological issues in pediatric obesity from a developmental perspective. Research and literature has shown that a number of developmental, family, maternal and child factors are responsible in the genesis of pediatric obesity. Family food habits, early developmental lifestyle of the child, parenting, early family relationships and harmony all contribute towards the growth and development of a child. The present review focuses on the role of developmental psychological factors in the pathogenesis of pediatric obesity and highlights the developmental factors that must be kept in mind when evaluating a case of pediatric obesity. PMID:23766572

Kalra, Gurvinder; De Sousa, Avinash; Sonavane, Sushma; Shah, Nilesh

2012-01-01

318

A "Both-And" Perspective between the Society of Counseling Psychology and Ethnic Minority Psychological Associations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a response to the major contribution published in this volume regarding the history and relationship between the Society of Counseling Psychology and five ethnic minority psychological associations. Using a both-and approach, this response discusses the topics of (a) written and oral history, (b) interconnectedness and…

Chung, Y. Barry; Wu, Kathy P.

2012-01-01

319

Physical Activity and Psychological Benefits. International Society of Sport Psychology Position Statement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International Society of Sport Psychology clarifies the psychological benefits of physical activity, noting the positive relationship between physical activity level and mental health. Exercise can reduce anxiety, decrease depression levels, reduce neuroticism and anxiety, reduce stress, and have beneficial emotional effects for both sexes across…

Physician and Sportsmedicine, 1992

1992-01-01

320

The Benefits of Volunteering for Psychology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the current economic climate students are seen as needing more than a degree to succeed in securing graduate employment. One way that students chose to enhance their employability is through engaging in voluntary work. In this empirical study, undergraduate psychology students' reasons for volunteering are explored within the context of…

Bromnick, Rachel; Horowitz, Ava; Shepherd, Daniel

2012-01-01

321

Effects of Psychology Courseware Use on Computer Anxiety in Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes study that examined the relationship between computer anxiety and the use of psychology courseware in an undergraduate abnormal psychology class using four computerized case simulations. Comparisons of pretest and posttest computer anxiety measures are described, and the relationship between computer anxiety/attitudes and computer use is…

Lambert, Matthew E.; Lenthall, Gerard

1989-01-01

322

Psychological Empowerment and Child Welfare Worker Outcomes: A Path Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate how work environment and psychological empowerment related to worker outcomes in public child welfare. These relationships were examined by testing a conceptual model in which psychological empowerment mediated the relationships between work environment variables (quality of supervision and role…

Lee, Joohee; Weaver, Cynthia; Hrostowski, Susan

2011-01-01

323

Phylogenetic relationships of the marine Haplosclerida (Phylum Porifera) employing ribosomal (28S rRNA) and mitochondrial (cox1, nad1) gene sequence data.  

PubMed

The systematics of the poriferan Order Haplosclerida (Class Demospongiae) has been under scrutiny for a number of years without resolution. Molecular data suggests that the order needs revision at all taxonomic levels. Here, we provide a comprehensive view of the phylogenetic relationships of the marine Haplosclerida using many species from across the order, and three gene regions. Gene trees generated using 28S rRNA, nad1 and cox1 gene data, under maximum likelihood and Bayesian approaches, are highly congruent and suggest the presence of four clades. Clade A is comprised primarily of species of Haliclona and Callyspongia, and clade B is comprised of H. simulans and H. vansoesti (Family Chalinidae), Amphimedon queenslandica (Family Niphatidae) and Tabulocalyx (Family Phloeodictyidae), Clade C is comprised primarily of members of the Families Petrosiidae and Niphatidae, while Clade D is comprised of Aka species. The polyphletic nature of the suborders, families and genera described in other studies is also found here. PMID:21931685

Redmond, Niamh E; Raleigh, Jean; van Soest, Rob W M; Kelly, Michelle; Travers, Simon A A; Bradshaw, Brian; Vartia, Salla; Stephens, Kelly M; McCormack, Grace P

2011-01-01

324

Phylogenetic Relationships of the Marine Haplosclerida (Phylum Porifera) Employing Ribosomal (28S rRNA) and Mitochondrial (cox1, nad1) Gene Sequence Data  

PubMed Central

The systematics of the poriferan Order Haplosclerida (Class Demospongiae) has been under scrutiny for a number of years without resolution. Molecular data suggests that the order needs revision at all taxonomic levels. Here, we provide a comprehensive view of the phylogenetic relationships of the marine Haplosclerida using many species from across the order, and three gene regions. Gene trees generated using 28S rRNA, nad1 and cox1 gene data, under maximum likelihood and Bayesian approaches, are highly congruent and suggest the presence of four clades. Clade A is comprised primarily of species of Haliclona and Callyspongia, and clade B is comprised of H. simulans and H. vansoesti (Family Chalinidae), Amphimedon queenslandica (Family Niphatidae) and Tabulocalyx (Family Phloeodictyidae), Clade C is comprised primarily of members of the Families Petrosiidae and Niphatidae, while Clade D is comprised of Aka species. The polyphletic nature of the suborders, families and genera described in other studies is also found here. PMID:21931685

Redmond, Niamh E.; Raleigh, Jean; van Soest, Rob W. M.; Kelly, Michelle; Travers, Simon A. A.; Bradshaw, Brian; Vartia, Salla; Stephens, Kelly M.; McCormack, Grace P.

2011-01-01

325

Unethical Intimacy: A Survey of Sexual Contact and Advances Between Psychology Educators and Female Graduate Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses the impact of both sexual intimacies and sexual overtures in psychology educator-student relationships. Findings show that 20-25% of female psychology graduate students over the past decade have had sexual relations with psychology educators. Implications for graduate training and clarification of American Psychological Association…

Glaser, Robert D.; Thorpe, Joseph S.

1986-01-01

326

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION  

E-print Network

HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (APA-Accredited and NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee For students, faculty, and supervisors 2013 to provide information specific to the School Psychology specialization. This specialization is fully

Saldin, Dilano

327

Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

Zucchero, Renee' A.

2011-01-01

328

Sport Psychology in the Profession of Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, sport psychology has been identified with physical education; however, recent developments in the field toward applied issues have substantially expanded psychologists' interests and opportunities. Unfortunately, little is known about professional psychologists' involvement in sport psychology practice, research, and training. Therefore, a national survey of 500 male and 500 female psychologists (American Psychological Association Division 12members) was conducted. Based on

Trent A. Petrie; Nancy S. Diehl

1995-01-01

329

The Role of the Psychological Contract in Managing Research Volunteer Tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Volunteer motivations and the psychological contract are outlined, demonstrating a reciprocal relationship needing more complex marketing approaches. Limitations of relationship marketing resulting from short project times are identified. Maguire's three-tier model is used to develop a theoretical model of the Research Volunteer psychological contract. Qualitative case data is used to illustrate transactional, career, and relational relationships. The article maps relationship

Deborah A. Blackman; Angela M. Benson

2010-01-01

330

sci.psychology.psychotherapy.moderated  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new Usenet Group, moderated by a team of six people, including John Grohol, one of the founders of the well known Mental Health Net (discussed in the October 4, 1996 Scout Report), "exists as a forum for the discussion of psychotherapy." Appropriate discussion topics include: particular types of psychotherapy, particular psychological disorders, research relevant to psychotherapy, psychopharmacological treatments, diagnostic issues, employment opportunities, conference announcements, and relevant research.

331

Introduction to Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an overview of…

Edwards, Lesley

332

Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333  

E-print Network

is: Mash, E. J., & Wolfe, D. A. (2007). Abnormal child psychology (3rd ed). Belmont, CA: ThomsonDevelopmental Psychopathology Psychology 333 Spring 2008 Instructor Name: V. Robin Weersing, Ph@sciences.sdsu.edu Prerequisites Please note that Introductory Psychology (PSY 101) and Developmental Psychology (PSY 230

Gallo, Linda C.

333

Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333  

E-print Network

The required textbook for this class is: Mash, E. J., & Wolfe, D. A. (2008). Abnormal child psychology (4th edDevelopmental Psychopathology Psychology 333 Spring 2009 Instructor Name: V. Robin Weersing, Ph@sciences.sdsu.edu Prerequisites Please note that Introductory Psychology (PSY 101) and Developmental Psychology (PSY 230

Gallo, Linda C.

334

Employment profiles in neuromuscular diseases.  

PubMed

Consumer and rehabilitation provider factors that might limit employment opportunities for 154 individuals with six slowly progressive neuromuscular diseases (NMD) were investigated. The NMDs were spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), hereditary motor sensory neuropathy (HMSN), Becker's muscular dystrophy (BMD), facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD), myotonic muscular dystrophy (MMD), and limb-girdle syndrome (LGS). Forty percent were employed in the competitive labor market at the time of the study, 50% had been employed in the past, and 10% had never been employed. The major consumer barrier to employment was education. Other important factors were type of occupation, intellectual capacity, psychosocial adjustment, and the belief by most individuals that their physical disability was the only or major barrier to obtaining a job. Psychological characteristics were associated with level of unemployment. However, physical impairment and disability were not associated with level of unemployment. There also were differences among the types of NMDs. Compared with the SMA, HMSN, BMD, and FSHD groups, the MMD and LGS groups had significantly higher levels of unemployment, lower educational levels, and fewer employed professional, management, and technical workers. Nonphysical impairment factors such as a low percentage of college graduates, impaired intellectual function in some individuals, and poor psychological adjustment were correlated with higher unemployment levels in the MMD group. Unemployment in the LGS group was correlated with a failure to complete high school. Major provider barriers to employment were the low level of referrals to Department of Rehabilitation by physicians and the low percentage of acceptance into the State Department of Rehabilitation. The low rate of acceptance was primarily attributable to the low number of referrals compounded by a lack of counselor experience with individuals with NMD. Both consumer and provider barriers may contribute to the lack of interest in obtaining a job. PMID:9036908

Fowler, W M; Abresch, R T; Koch, T R; Brewer, M L; Bowden, R K; Wanlass, R L

1997-01-01

335

Identity and psychological ownership in chronic illness and disease state  

PubMed Central

Psychological ownership is rarely considered in health discourse related to chronic illness or disease state. Construction of identity is an important consideration within this framework. This autoethnographic study explores psychological ownership and identity related to prostate cancer and chronic illness. Conclusions about the nature of psychological ownership and identity were gathered from the relevant literature and personal experience. Themes include the patient–healthcare professional relationship and that psychological ownership is personal and grounded in an individual's sense of identity, control and perceived capacity to control illness or disease. Personal reflection through autoethnography guides discussion of psychological ownership and identity. PMID:20738388

Karnilowicz, W

2011-01-01

336

American Psychological Society: Psychological Research on the Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Posted by the American Psychological Society (see the May 6, 1994 Scout Report), this Website presents an extensive annotated list of psychological research currently being conducted on the Web. In addition to a new studies section, topics include health psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, personality studies, psychology and religion, sensation and perception, social psychology, neural psychology, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, cognition, emotions, and others. Links are provided to the listed Websites.

337

Psychology’s Entrepreneurs and the Marketing of Industrial Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1880 and 1930, entrepreneurial individuals in academic psychology and engineering converged on a common interest in the human side of enterprise. Both disciplines subsequently overlapped in marketing their professional business services. Separating from academic psychology, applied psychologists alluded to being \\

Thomas J. Van De Water

1997-01-01

338

Preceptors and new graduate nurse orientees: implications of psychological type compatibility.  

PubMed

The relationship between preceptor and new graduate nurse (NGN) orientee can be a critical factor in NGNs' satisfaction with choice of profession and place of employment. A research study was conducted with NGN orientees (n = 218) and preceptors (n = 159) to investigate characteristics of psychological type as determined by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator. Preliminary descriptive data regarding participants' Myers-Briggs Type Indicator characteristics is presented, and suggestions are offered for working with orientees during orientation in both classroom sessions and clinical units. PMID:22617790

Poradzisz, Michele; Kostovich, Carol T; O'Connell, Debbie; Lefaiver, Cheryl A

2012-01-01

339

Employment Relationships: Affecting the Effectiveness of Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The popular notion of the American Dream promises that anyone who works hard enough can pull themselves up from even the lowest level to achieve anything they want in life. Yet in reality, hard work is not a guaranteed solution to poverty—in 2001, 6.8 million people who worked for more than half the year were found to fall at or

Katherine Jackson

340

29 CFR 788.16 - Employment relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...the “total situation controls” (see Rutherford Food Corp. v. McComb, 331 United States 722; United States v. Silk, 331 United States 704; Harrison v. Greyvan Lines, 331 United States 704; Bartels v. Birmingham,...

2013-07-01

341

29 CFR 788.16 - Employment relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...the “total situation controls” (see Rutherford Food Corp. v. McComb, 331 United States 722; United States v. Silk, 331 United States 704; Harrison v. Greyvan Lines, 331 United States 704; Bartels v. Birmingham,...

2012-07-01

342

29 CFR 788.16 - Employment relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...the “total situation controls” (see Rutherford Food Corp. v. McComb, 331 United States 722; United States v. Silk, 331 United States 704; Harrison v. Greyvan Lines, 331 United States 704; Bartels v. Birmingham,...

2014-07-01

343

29 CFR 788.16 - Employment relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...the “total situation controls” (see Rutherford Food Corp. v. McComb, 331 United States 722; United States v. Silk, 331 United States 704; Harrison v. Greyvan Lines, 331 United States 704; Bartels v. Birmingham,...

2010-07-01

344

29 CFR 788.16 - Employment relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...the “total situation controls” (see Rutherford Food Corp. v. McComb, 331 United States 722; United States v. Silk, 331 United States 704; Harrison v. Greyvan Lines, 331 United States 704; Bartels v. Birmingham,...

2011-07-01

345

Academic Attitudes and Psychological Well-Being of Black American Psychology Graduate Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this study is to explore the relationships between academic self-concept, perception of competency in related domains, and academic motivation (intrinsic, extrinsic, and amotivation), and reported anxiety and depression among Black American psychology graduate students. The major research question asks whether there is a relationship…

Uqdah, Aesha L.; Tyler, Kenneth M.; DeLoach, Chante

2009-01-01

346

Men in Academic School Psychology: A National Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a paucity of research examining the experiences and perceptions of men employed as school psychology academicians. The purpose of this investigation was to ascertain male school psychology academicians' perceptions of their respective academic climates, levels of support, incidences of harassment, and levels of stress, and to compare…

Little, Steven G.; Akin-Little, Angeleque; Palomares, Ronald S.; Eckert, Tanya L.

2012-01-01

347

Informing Educational Psychology Training with Students' Community Engagement Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article was to describe students' experiences of community engagement in an Educational Psychology practicum in order to inform relevant educational psychology training literature with experiences of students' community engagement. Experiential learning served as our theoretical framework and we employed an instrumental case…

Ebersohn, Liesel; Bender, C. J. Gerda; Carvalho-Malekane, Wendy M.

2010-01-01

348

PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

1 8/12/2011 PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology 3 credits Millersville University and Practicum in School Psychology (Psychology 685) are in accordance with two important documents; the NASP Standards for School Psychology Training Programs (2000) and the School Psychology; A Blueprint Training

Hardy, Christopher R.

349

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate  

E-print Network

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate Revised: 01/2014 The undergraduate psychology major introduces students to a breadth of psychological topics, including the biological, social for a variety of career and graduate school paths. Required courses for the Psychology major The psychology

Jiang, Huiqiang

350

School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program  

E-print Network

i School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program Department of Psychology 430 Huntington Hall Syracuse, NY 13244-2340 Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.) in School Psychology Accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA)* Approved by the National Association of Psychology Psychologists

Doyle, Robert

351

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour?  

E-print Network

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour? Psychology, Neuroscience, speech pathology, clinical psychology, and the business world. HERE'S A QUICK LOOK AT THE PROGRAMS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE & BEHAVIOUR (PNB) · Honours B.Sc. Psychology

Haykin, Simon

352

Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology Fall 2012 TR 4:00-5:20pm Gerlinger 302) 346-4966 Office Hours: TBD Course Overview: Understanding statistics and statistical reasoning classes and hopefully for some of you in the world beyond, will present statistical data. This data

Lockery, Shawn

353

Psychology in Action: Psychology in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Psychologists in the People's Republic of China are engaged in research concerning theory, Chinese language, child development, vision, audition, and areas of physiological psychology including acupuncture, pain, memory, and central nervous system functioning. The Institute of Psychology within the Chinese Academy of Sciences represents the…

Hsiao, Sigmund

1977-01-01

354

School of Psychology, Family & Community: Job Placement. May 2013 Page 1 Seattle Pacific University's School of Psychology, Family & Community  

E-print Network

School of Psychology, Family & Community: Job Placement. May 2013 Page 1 Seattle Pacific University with local companies where they would like to be employed, find an internship to supplement their coursework of Psychology, Family & Community: Job Placement. May 2013 Page 2 Some of the companies our students and alumni

Nelson, Tim

355

Psychological Component of Infertility  

MedlinePLUS

... Organizations Resources: FAQs › FAQs - The Psychological Component of Infertility -- written by the ASRM Mental Health Professional Group ( ... Professional in your area ) Q1. What impact does infertility have on psychological well being? Infertility often creates ...

356

Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

2011-01-01

357

Arbitrary Metrics in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many psychological tests have arbitrary metrics but are appropriate for testing psychological theories. Metric arbitrariness is a concern, however, when researchers wish to draw inferences about the true, absolute standing of a group or individual on the latent psychological dimension being measured. The authors illustrate this in the context of 2…

Blanton, Hart; Jaccard, James

2006-01-01

358

Psychology in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

2011-01-01

359

Psychology and Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because psychology systematically explores human judgment, behavior, and well-being, it can teach us important lessons about how humans differ from the way they are traditionally described by economists. This essay discusses a selection of psychological findings relevant to economics. While standard economics assumes that each person maximizes stable and coherent preferences given rationally-formed probabilistic beliefs, psychological research teaches us about

Matthew Rabin

1998-01-01

360

Intro through Internet Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology and computer science were clustered into a course in "Internet Psychology" with the goal of enabling students to use electronic networks responsibly and creatively and to understand the principles of psychology as they operate in the electronic context. Fourteen students from a variety of majors registered for the class. Course content,…

Webster, Sandra K.; Kelliher, Thomas P.

361

Depression and the Psychological Benefits of Entering Marriage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past research has consistently documented the positive relationship between a transition to marriage and psychological well-being. In this study, we separate the depressed from the nondepressed to assess whether the benefits marriage has for psychological well-being depend on premarital depression. We also examine whether the effect of marital…

Frech, Adrianne; Williams, Kristi

2007-01-01

362

Predicting recidivism in delinquent adolescents from psychological and psychiatric assessment  

Microsoft Academic Search

An important but sparse body of research focuses on psychiatric disorders and\\/or psychological characteristics as predictors of recidivism in delinquent adolescents. Through detailed psychiatric and psychological assessment in 64 adjudicated male juvenile delinquents, the current study investigated the long-term relationships between psychopathology, intellectual functioning, and recidivism. Psychiatric diagnosis was based on the results of a semistructured interview conducted both with

Robert Vermeiren; Mary Schwab-Stone; Vladislav Ruchkin; Antoine De Clippele; Dirk Deboutte

2002-01-01

363

Disappearances, Silences, and Anxious Rhetoric: Gender in Abnormal Psychology Textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Viewed from a feminist perspective, the history of clinical psychology reveals a troubled—and troubling—relationship to women. Diagnoses and treatments have sometimes served to control and even victimize women. Over the past 25 years, feminist scholarship, activism, and practice have yielded impressive contributions to knowledge. Yet, these accomplishments go largely unnoticed in textbooks in abnormal psychology. Why the resistance? Looking beyond

Jeanne Marecek

1993-01-01

364

Could Charles Darwin Teach Psychology in the 1980s?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the implications of Charles Darwin's personal and professional history for an academic career in psychology. Relationships between his theoretical position and the content of an introductory psychology course he might teach and how he might fare in a contemporary academic environment are sketched in this fictionalized account.…

Rigby, Marilyn K.

1988-01-01

365

Psychological Culture, Physical Health, and Subjective Well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article investigates the role of psychological culture in influencing health by examining the relationship between cultural discrepancies and physical health and subjective well-being. Participants completed a large battery of tests assessing their individual, psychological culture; perceptions of the larger, ecological culture; coping strategies; emotion and mood states; physical health and subjective well-being. Cultural discrepancies were operationalized as the difference

David Matsumoto; Natalia Kouznetsova; Rebecca Ray; Charlotte Ratzlaff; Michael Biehl; Jacques Raroque

1999-01-01

366

Ethical Perspectives on Qualitative Research in Applied Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present article explores ethical issues that emerge in qualitative research conducted by applied psychologists. The utility and relevance of the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (American Psychological Association, 2002) for qualitative research are examined. The importance of psychology's fiduciary relationship with…

Haverkamp, Beth E.

2005-01-01

367

Social Isolation, Psychological Health, and Protective Factors in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the relationships among social isolation, psychological health, and protective factors in adolescents. Feelings of social isolation may influence psychological health in adolescents, but protective factors such as family connectedness, school connectedness, and academic achievement may also play a key role. The sample…

Hall-Lande, Jennifer A.; Eisenberg, Marla E.; Christenson, Sandra L.; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne

2007-01-01

368

Psychological consequences of intervention in the birth process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Investigated relationships between type of birth (spontaneous vaginal, forceps, and cesarean) and maternal psychological functioning and attitudes toward the infant. At specific time points throughout pregnancy and up to 3 mo postpartum, 253 women (mean age 28.21 yrs) completed measures assessing personality characteristics, psychological functioning and attitudes toward labor, birth, and the baby. After the birth of their babies, the

Christine F. Bradley

1983-01-01

369

How Can Psychology Help Artificial Intelligence Alvaro del Val  

E-print Network

This paper discusses the relationship between Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Psychology. As an AIHow Can Psychology Help Artificial Intelligence Alvaro del Val Departamento de Ingenier'ia Inform Artificial intelligence is interdisciplinary in its very nature, and has from its birth benefited by input

del Val, Alvaro

370

Psychological interactions with infertility among women.  

PubMed

Despite the fact that various studies have demonstrated the importance of the mind-body connection and fertility, the psychosocial aspects of infertility have not been adequately addressed. Fertility treatments, ranging from medical monitoring, to hormonal remedies and in vitro fertilization (IVF), are both a physical and emotional burden on women and their partners. Psychological factors such as depression, state-anxiety, and stress-induced changes in heart rate and cortisol are predictive of a decreased probability of achieving a viable pregnancy. A couple that is trying to conceive will undoubtedly experience feelings of frustration and disappointment if a pregnancy is not easily achieved. However, if the difficulties progress and the man and or woman are labelled as having fertility problems, then this may result in a severe insult to self-esteem, body image, and self-assessed masculinity or femininity. Three types of relationships have been hypothesized between psychological factors and infertility. These include: (1) psychological factors are risk factors of subsequent infertility; (2) the experience of the diagnosis and treatment of infertility causes subsequent psychological distress; (3) a reciprocal relationship exists between psychological factors and infertility. The evidence for these three relationships is reviewed and an alternative approach to the treatment of infertility including stress evaluation that precedes or is concurrent to fertility treatment is suggested. PMID:15541845

Cwikel, J; Gidron, Y; Sheiner, E

2004-12-01

371

Demographic and clinical factors correlating with high levels of psychological distress in HIV-positive women living in Ontario, Canada.  

PubMed

The concept of psychological distress includes a range of emotional states with symptoms of depression and anxiety and has yet to be reported in HIV-positive women living in Ontario, Canada, who are known to live with contributing factors. This study aimed to determine the prevalence, severity, and correlates of psychological distress among women accessing HIV care participating in the Ontario HIV Treatment Network Cohort Study using the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10). The K10 is a 10-item, five-level response scale. K10 values range from 10 to 50 with values less than or equal to 19 categorized as not clinically significant, scores between 20 and 24 as moderate levels, 25-29 as high, and 30-50 as very high psychological distress. Correlates of psychological distress were assessed using the Pearson's chi-square test and univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. Moderate, high, and very high levels of psychological distress were experienced by 16.9, 10.4, and 15.1% of the 337 women in our cohort, respectively, with 57.6% reporting none. Psychological distress levels greater than 19, correlated with being unemployed (vs. employed/student/retired; AOR = 0.33, 95% CI: 0.13-0.83), living in a household without their child/children (AOR = 2.45, 95% CI: 1.33-4.52), CD4 counts < 200 cells/mm(3) (AOR = 2.07, 95% CI: 0.89-4.80), and to a lesser degree an education of some college or less (vs. completed college or higher; AOR=1.71, 95% CI: 0.99-2.95). Age and ethnicity, a priori variables of interest, did not correlate with psychological distress. Findings suggest that socioeconomic factors which shape the demography of women living with HIV in Ontario, low CD4 counts, and losing the opportunity to care for their child/children has a significant relationship with psychological distress. Approaches to manage psychological distress should address and make considerations for the lived experiences of women since they can act as potential barriers to improving psychological well-being. PMID:24215281

Benoit, Anita C; Light, Lucia; Burchell, Ann N; Gardner, Sandra; Rourke, Sean B; Wobeser, Wendy; Loutfy, Mona R

2014-01-01

372

The Reciprocal Relationship between Technology and Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the design and implementation of the year 2 curriculum and student learning experiences in the Michigan State University Master of Arts in Educational Technology program. We discuss the ways that this second set of courses builds on the first year of the program that students encounter, and also describe the theoretical…

Terry, Laura; Mishra, Punya; Henriksen, Danah; Wolf, Leigh Graves; Kereluik, Kristen

2013-01-01

373

The psychological antecedents of employee referrals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how different psychological antecedents lead to different components of organizational commitment and employee referrals or employment recommendations in a people-based financial services context. Specifically, we consider the impact of position involvement, volitional choice, and informational complexity on affective, calculative, and normative commitment, which ultimately influences employee referrals in the context of a Flemish bank. Our conceptual model

Josée Bloemer

2010-01-01

374

Evaluating Employability Skills: Employer and Student Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate employability is a key issue for Higher Education. In this two-part study student employability skills have been evaluated from the perspective of sandwich students and graduates in biomolecular science, and their employers. A strong correlation was found between employer and sandwich student/graduate perceptions of the relative…

Saunders, Venetia; Zuzel, Katherine

2010-01-01

375

Psychological skill model of collegiate athletes in Taiwan.  

PubMed

The importance of psychological skills to an athlete is widely recognized. The Athletic Psychological Skills Inventory (APSI) was developed to evaluate psychological skills in the Taiwanese sports environment. This study employed the APSI model to refine the psychological skill factor structure. The model was supported as a reliable and valid form of measurement. A second-order confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) confirmed the factor structure of the APSI in Taiwanese collegiate athletes. Peaking under pressure and coping with adversity were combined into a simplified factor, coping with adversity. PMID:25310230

Lin, Kai; Chou, Tzu-Chin Rejoice

2014-10-01

376

Higher Education, Employability and Competitiveness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies the relationship between competitiveness and higher education systems in Europe. It explores whether more competitive countries have developed more labour-market-oriented systems of higher education (HE) that thereby give their graduates greater short term employability potential. Based on and a large-scale survey among 45.000…

Pavlin, Samo; Svetlicic, Marjan

2012-01-01

377

Relationship power and betrayal experience as predictors of reactions to infidelity.  

PubMed

Explanations for sexual infidelity have been dominated by an evolutionary psychological theory of jealousy that finds its strongest support in research that employs a forced-choice hypothetical infidelity paradigm wherein participants imagine experiencing infidelity and choose whether sexual or emotional infidelity would be more distressing. Robust gender differences that support evolutionary psychological perspectives are consistently found using this paradigm, but recent work suggests that gender differences may be attenuated among actual infidelity victims. However, no research has used the forced-choice paradigm to compare real and hypothetical infidelity. This study uses this paradigm to compare reactions to imagined dating infidelity to those of infidelity victims. No gender differences are observed in response to the forced-choice question among victims of infidelity. Gender differences among participants who imagined infidelity are partially mediated by level of relationship power. Difficulties with the hypothetical forced-choice paradigm and implications for the evolutionary psychological theory of jealousy are discussed. PMID:16254083

Berman, Margit I; Frazier, Patricia A

2005-12-01

378

Coping Strategies and Psychological Well-Being among Teacher Education Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The coping strategies used by students play a key role in their psychological well-being. This study examines the relationship between coping strategies and psychological well-being in a sample of 98 undergraduates aged between 19 and 42 years. Coping strategies were evaluated by means of the CRI-A (Moos, 1993), while psychological well-being was…

Gustems-Carnicer, Josep; Calderón, Caterina

2013-01-01

379

Executive functioning and psychological adjustment in children and youth with spina bifida  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children and adolescents with spina bifida are at risk for poor neuropsychological functioning and psychological outcomes. The relationship between executive functioning and psychological adjustment is an area worthy of investigation in this population. The current study assessed executive functioning and psychological outcomes in a group of children and adolescents with spina bifida (SBM) (n?=?51) and nondisabled controls (n?=?45). A mediation

Natalie C. Kelly; Robert T. Ammerman; Joseph R. Rausch; M. Douglas Ris; Keith O. Yeates; Sonya G. Oppenheimer; Benedicta G. Enrile

2011-01-01

380

Executive functioning and psychological adjustment in children and youth with spina bifida  

Microsoft Academic Search

Children and adolescents with spina bifida are at risk for poor neuropsychological functioning and psychological outcomes. The relationship between executive functioning and psychological adjustment is an area worthy of investigation in this population. The current study assessed executive functioning and psychological outcomes in a group of children and adolescents with spina bifida (SBM) (n?=?51) and nondisabled controls (n?=?45). A mediation

Natalie C. Kelly; Robert T. Ammerman; Joseph R. Rausch; M. Douglas Ris; Keith O. Yeates; Sonya G. Oppenheimer; Benedicta G. Enrile

2012-01-01

381

Soldiers' psychological responses to tactical nuclear warfare. Technical report, 26 Sep 86-20 Sep 90  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report describes the conduct and results of the Psychological Response Study, the purpose of which was to further the understanding of the likely responses of troops involved in a tactical nuclear war (TNW). The goals of the study were to estimate the most likely types of psychological responses to a TNW and the relationship between various psychological responses and

J. A. Conroy; S. P. Masterson; M. L. Fineberg; R. Gal

1992-01-01

382

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Boosting Beauty in an Economic Decline: Mating,  

E-print Network

provides novel insights into women's mating psychology, consumer behavior, and the relationship between economic reces- sions might influence women's psychology and behavior, we draw on life history theoryJournal of Personality and Social Psychology Boosting Beauty in an Economic Decline: Mating

Cooper, Brenton G.

383

Cultural orientation and psychological well-being in Chinese Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined cultural orientation in the domains of language proficiency, cultural activity, and social relationship, and its\\u000a relationship with psychological well-being in a group of 143 Chinese Americans in San Francisco. Four indicators of psychological\\u000a well-being were utilized, two assessing the experience of distress (depression level and negative affect) and two assessing\\u000a positive well-being (positive affect and life satisfaction). Domain-specific cultural

Yu-Wen Ying

1995-01-01

384

Arco/Art & Literature, Psychology and Communication  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The aim of the ARCO mailing list (ARt and COmmunication) is to discuss themes and questions about the importance of ART in the actual historical period and its relationships with literature, psychology, and the techniques and sciences of communication. Arco is an Italian word for "arc", an interesting symbol with many implications.

385

North American Journal of Psychology, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"North American Journal of Psychology" publishes scientific papers of general interest to psychologists and other social scientists. Articles included in volume 4 issue 1 (March 2002) are: "An Interview with Kimmo Lehtonen: Music Therapy with Adolescents"; "The Relationship of Verbal-Nonverbal Incongruence to Communication Mismatches in Married…

McCutcheon, Lynn E., Ed.

2002-01-01

386

The psychology of human-robot interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Japan has become a world leader in humanoid robotics, and every year, international conferences like SICE feature reports of remarkable new suites of human behaviors that have been convincingly simulated by machines. But as machines everywhere have become more capable of autonomous operation, there is an increasing awareness that the psychological dimensions of human relationships with intelligent machines must be

J. Baillieul; K. Takase

2008-01-01

387

Incarcerated Women's Psychological Functioning during Pregnancy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To understand experiences of incarcerated pregnant women, 25 pregnant women in a state prison were interviewed. Responses were coded for frequency and intensity of narrative themes. Psychological distress and recall of past relationships with mothers were assessed using questionnaires. Participants reported moderate depression and high hostility…

Hutchinson, Katherine Conlon; Moore, Ginger A.; Propper, Cathi B.; Mariaskin, Amy

2008-01-01

388

Critical Psychologies for Critical Health Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health education is largely informed by psychological theories and practices that pursue reductionist views of people learning. However, critical attention is moving to understand health in ways that reconsider relationships to context and the forms of life within which everyday living takes place. This shift is apparent in theoretical…

Corcoran, Tim

2014-01-01

389

Not All Bad Treatment Is Psychological Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the conceptual and definitional issues that has plagued the study of child maltreatment is the relationship between intention and outcome. This paper flows from the finding that the common developmentally destructive element in all forms of child maltreatment is psychological maltreatment, that the study of child abuse and neglect is the…

Garbarino, James

2011-01-01

390

Psychological treatment of borderline personality disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

Borderline personality is characterized by instability in interpersonal relationships, self-image and affects, and by marked impulsivity. The latter causes considerable problems for practitioners. Aetiology of the disorder is unknown but there is increasing evidence that genetically determined neurobiological vulnerability is unmasked by environmental trauma. There is increasing evidence that psychological treatments are useful but, as yet, it is not possible

Anthony W Bateman

2005-01-01

391

Mistreating Psychology in the Decades of the Brain  

PubMed Central

We systematically mistreat psychological phenomena, both logically and clinically. This article explores three contentions: that the dominant discourse in modern cognitive, affective, and clinical neuroscience assumes that we know how psychology/biology causation works when we do not; that there are serious intellectual, clinical, and policy costs to pretending we do know; and that crucial scientific and clinical progress will be stymied as long as we frame psychology, biology, and their relationship in currently dominant ways. The arguments are developed with emphasis on misguided attempts to localize psychological function via neuroimaging, misunderstandings about the role of genetics in psychopathology, and unfortunate constraints on health-care policy and clinical service delivery. A particular challenge, articulated but not resolved in this article, is determining what constitutes adequate explanation in the relationship between psychology and biology. PMID:21949539

Miller, Gregory A.

2011-01-01

392

Low-Wage Maternal Employment and Parenting Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This three-year longitudinal study investigated whether low-wage employment was associated with improved psychological and parenting outcomes in a sample of 178 single mothers who were employed and unemployed current and former welfare recipients both before and subsequent to the passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity…

Jackson, Aurora P.; Bentler, Peter M.; Franke, Todd M.

2008-01-01

393

Employment of People with Disabilities in Malaysia: Drivers and Inhibitors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempts to identify the drivers and inhibitors of employment for people with disabilities in Malaysia. It explores the skills and psychological traits needed by people with disabilities in order to get jobs and the barriers to their employment. Data include interviews detailing the viewpoints of 24 teachers with visual impairments.…

Lee, Melissa Ng; Abdullah, Yen; Mey, See Ching

2011-01-01

394

School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel,  

E-print Network

School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel, behave and interact with each. An understanding of contemporary psychological science is essential to shape current and emerging societal issues. Dr Beth Grunfeld Programme Leader, MA Psychology 1 year full-time 2 years part-time MA Psychology #12

Miall, Chris

395

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the  

E-print Network

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and one of the most prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching

396

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325)  

E-print Network

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325) Outline The `Psychology and Lecturers aim to give a detailed picture of the various work within Psychology and the career/training options available. These are run in conjunction with the Welsh Branch of the British Psychological Society

Harman, Neal.A.

397

BS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

course from the following: Psych 320 Developmental Psychology: Childhood Psych 342 Abnormal PsychologyBS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology For students entering the degree or above. (Students can enroll in 500-level courses on a space-available basis.) The Psychology Department

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

398

Bruner's Search for Meaning: A Conversation between Psychology and Anthropology.  

PubMed

We introduce a special issue of Ethos devoted to the work of Jerome Bruner and his careerlong attempts to seek innovative ways to foster a dialogue between psychology and anthropology. The articles in this special issue situate Bruner's meaning-centered approach to psychology and his groundbreaking work on narrative in the broader context of the developmental trajectory of both of fields of inquiry. Bruner's work has been enormously influential in the subfields of cultural psychology and psychological anthropology, especially because of his important contributions to our understanding of the intimate relationship between culture and mind. We examine Bruner's past and ongoing engagement with such luminary figures as Lev Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, Alfred Kroeber, Claude Lévi-Strauss, and Clifford Geertz to highlight points of convergence and tension between his version of cultural psychology and contemporary theorizing and practice in psychological anthropology. We also review his practical and theoretical contributions to the fields of medicine, law, and education. PMID:20706551

Mattingly, Cheryl; Lutkehaus, Nancy C; Throop, C Jason

2008-03-01

399

Reasons for African American student attrition from school psychology programs.  

PubMed

This phenomenological study used a series of three in-depth interviews with seven African American participants, for a total of 21 interviews, to explore their experiences in the specialist and doctoral level school psychology programs they left prior to obtaining a professional entry-level degree. The study's purpose was to investigate what factors contributed to participants' attrition. Findings indicate that misalignment between participants' career aims and the practice of school psychology (as presented in the programs they left) contributed to attrition. Poor relationships with school psychology faculty and program cohort peers also played a role in participants' decisions to leave school psychology programs. Results offer a unique lens into racial issues in school psychology. Recommendations for faculty and others interested in preventing African Americans' attrition from school psychology graduate education are discussed. PMID:23040761

Proctor, Sherrie L; Truscott, Stephen D

2012-10-01

400

An overview and analysis of journal operations, journal publication patterns, and journal impact in school psychology and related fields.  

PubMed

This article describes the results of three studies designed to understand better the journal operations, publishing practices, and impact of school psychology journals in recent years. The first study presents the results of a survey focusing on journal operations and peer-review practices that was completed by 61 journal editors of school psychology and aligned journals. The second study presents the results of review and classification of all articles appearing in one volume year for nine school psychology journals (i.e., The California School Psychologist, Canadian Journal of School Psychology, Journal of Applied School Psychology, Journal of School Psychology, Psychology in the Schools, School Psychology Forum, School Psychology International, School Psychology Quarterly, and School Psychology Review). The third study employed multilevel modeling to investigate differences in the longitudinal trends of impact factor data for five school psychology journals listed in the Web of Science (i.e., Journal of School Psychology, Psychology in the Schools, School Psychology International, School Psychology Quarterly, and School Psychology Review). The article addresses implications for authors, editors, and journal editorial teams as well as the status and impact of school psychology journals. PMID:22272790

Floyd, Randy G; Cooley, Kathryn M; Arnett, James E; Fagan, Thomas K; Mercer, Sterett H; Hingle, Christine

2011-12-01

401

American Psychological Association Division 20 Undergraduate Syllabi  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by the American Psychological Association (APA) Adult Development and Aging division, this site contains twenty-six syllabi from undergraduate courses taught throughout the United States. Course topics include theory and research in adult development, the psychology of aging, and gerontology. The syllabi contain course descriptions, reading lists, assignments, and project descriptions. Helpful for those who teach adult development and aging courses at the undergraduate level, this site can be used in order to keep abreast of what peers are teaching their students, the methods of student learning evaluation they employ, and what literature is being discussed.

2006-11-17

402

The concept and treatment of psychological trauma  

PubMed Central

Despite a large and rapidly expanding literature on psychological trauma, many fundamental questions remain about its basic nature: Is it a psychological problem or a biological one?; Is it a past event somehow stuck in the present or is it something new which has been triggered and shaped by that event?; Does it reside only within the patient or does it live between the patient and other people (including within the therapeutic relationship)? This presentation will review the history of the concept of psychological trauma and explore the theoretical bases for current evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD, each of which will be shown to describe psychological trauma as a problem in bringing the past and the present together in memory and cognition. These theories primarily differ on the question of whether a traumatic memory becomes pathogenic, because it cannot be biologically processed or because it must be psychologically avoided. Psychoanalytic concepts of transference and countertransference will be shown to be of practical importance regardless of the type of treatment chosen. If researchers and clinicians can build on what they hold in common rather than become divided by their differences, we can improve our ability to understand and alleviate the effects of psychological trauma. PMID:25511719

Kudler, Harold

2014-01-01

403

Psychological intervention for postpartum depression.  

PubMed

The postpartum depression outcome and the effect of psychological intervention were studied in order to reduce the occurrence and development of the postpartum depression. A survey of 4000 women within 4-6 weeks postpartum in 80 communities in Shenzhen, China was performed using random cluster sampling method. By employing Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) as a screening tool, the positive women (defined as EPDS ?10) were randomly divided into intervention group and control group at a ratio of 1:2. The women in the intervention group were treated by means of mailing postpartum depression prevention and treatment knowledge manual, face-to-face counseling, and telephone psychological counseling interventions aiming at individual risk factors, while those in the control group were treated with conventional methods. EPDS scores were assessed in these two groups again at 6th month postpartum. Totally, 3907 valid questionnaires were obtained. All the 771 positive women were divided into two groups: 257 in the intervention group, and 514 in the control group. At 6th month postpartum, the EPDS scores in the intervention group were decreased significantly, from baseline stage (12.84±3.02) to end stage (3.05±2.93), while EPDS scores in the control group were reduced from 12.44±2.78 to 6.94±4.02. There were significant differences in the EPDS scores at end stage between the two groups (t=13.059, P<0.001). Psychological intervention can reduce postpartum depression, with better maternal compliance. It is feasible and necessary to establish postpartum depression screening and psychological intervention model in community-hospital and include the postpartum depression screening, intervention, and follow-up into the conventional healthcare. PMID:24939313

Jiang, Lei; Wang, Zhu-zhen; Qiu, Li-rong; Wan, Guo-bin; Lin, Yan; Wei, Zhen

2014-06-01

404

Community Psychology in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter describes and analyses the evolution of community psychology in the United Kingdom. The British welfare state\\u000a and its contradictions, the nature of British psychology and international developments in theory and practice have all been\\u000a influential in shaping the relatively small field of community psychology in Britain. The contributions of clinical, educational,\\u000a and social psychologists are highlighted, together with

Mark Burton; Stephanie Boyle; Carl Psy; Carolyn Kagan

405

Psychology of Religion Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed and maintained by Professor Michael E. Nielsen of the Psychology Department at Georgia Southern University, this site offers numerous resources for people interested in psychological aspects of religious belief and behavior. The site is designed as an introduction to the psychology of religion, rather than a comprehensive treatment. Resources are grouped into three main categories: general resource pages, science and religion pages, and pages devoted to new religious movements. Contents include notable people in the psychology of religion; a bibliography; course syllabi; journal TOCs; essays on the field, on science and religion, and on several aspects of new religious movements; and related links.

Nielsen, Michael E.

1998-01-01

406

Teaching Clinical Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching Clinical Psychology, created by Dr. John Suler of Rider University, is devoted to �sharing ideas and resources for teaching clinical psychology.� Helpful for students and educators in the fields of mental health and human services counseling, this site contains practical in-class exercises, such as an exercise which illustrates what it is like to share secrets with strangers, and syllabi for courses in the clinical psychology curriculum. There are also larger projects for students, including an in-depth analysis of a psychotherapy case study and a role-play project which has students administer, score, and interpret a series of psychological tests given to a classmate.

Suler, John R., 1955-

407

Psychology is about processes.  

PubMed

Out of the eight points of methodological criticism against contemporary psychology formulated by Watson (Psychological Bulletin 31:755-776, 1934) and put forward by Toomela in this issue, the overemphasis on prediction, the neglect of individual differences, the habit of the differences between the mental states of subjects in objective experimental conditions are particularly important. Modem cognitive psychology has began to remedy those problems, in part by proposing broad, integrative theories. It is not useful to subdivide psychology into "schools of thought" defined by their methodological practices. PMID:17992866

Ohlsson, Stellan

2007-03-01

408

“Good jobs” to “bad jobs”: replicated evidence of an employment continuum from two large surveys  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to offer an expanded conceptualization of the employment continuum and test its utility by examining the association of different employment statuses with physical health and depression. Using data from two large cross-sectional surveys we develop five different employment categories (i.e., “optimal”, “economically good”, “psychologically good”, “barely adequate”, and “inadequate” employment) in addition to unemployment

Joseph G. Grzywacz; David Dooley

2003-01-01

409

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013  

E-print Network

1 PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013 Methods) learn a variety of statistical terms and procedures. To successfully LIBRARY COMPUTERS. OVERVIEW Students of Psychology 302 (Statistical

Lockery, Shawn

410

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2014  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2014 Lecture Instructors: Robin Hertz, M such as t-tests, chi-square, and ANOVA. Course Books Required Book: Morling, B. (2012). Research methods, Research Methods in Psychology, is an excellent

Lockery, Shawn

411

Exposure to Political Violence and Psychological Well-being in Bosnian Adolescents: A Mixed Method Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research on political violence has shown an inverse relationship between overall exposure and psychological well-being. The aim of this study was to examine this relationship in more detail by exploring the impact of specific types of war-related events upon psychological well-being, as well as the role of social and political context in moderating these outcomes. The psychological well-being of

Lynne Jones; Konstantinos Kafetsios

2005-01-01

412

Boylan, J.M., & Ryff, C.D. (2013). High anger expression exacerbates the relationship between age and metabolic syndrome. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, doi:10.1093/geronb/gbt092  

E-print Network

,3 1 Center for Women's Health and Health Disparities Research, 2 Department of Psychology, and 3 clinic visit. Results. Unadjusted metabolic syndrome prevalence was 40.6%. Men, less educated individuals--Emotion regulation--Life course or developmental change--Metabolic syndrome. EMOtIOnAL well-being is generally

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

413

Examining Potential Moderators of the Link between Heterosexist Events and Gay and Bisexual Men's Psychological Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine (a) the relationship between heterosexist events and psychological distress and (b) the potential moderating roles of social support, avoidant coping, and self-esteem in the relationship between heterosexist events and psychological distress among 210 gay and bisexual men. Findings from the Web-based…

Szymanski, Dawn M.

2009-01-01

414

Psychological Distress, Substance Use, and HIV/STI Risk Behaviors among Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological distress has been inconsistently associated with sexual risk behavior in youth, suggesting additional factors, such as substance use, may explain this relationship. The mediating or moderating role of substance use on the relationship between psychological distress and sexual risk behaviors was prospectively examined over the four…

Elkington, Katherine S.; Bauermeister, Jose A.; Zimmerman, Marc A.

2010-01-01

415

Psychological Strain and Emotional Labor among Police-Officers: A Diary Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined the relationship between psychological strain, emotional dissonance and emotional job demands during a working day of 65 Dutch (military) police officers, using a 5-day diary design. We hypothesized that emotional dissonance partly mediated the relationship between psychological strain at the start and at the end of a work…

van Gelderen, Benjamin; Heuven, Ellen; van Veldhoven, Marc; Zeelenberg, Marcel; Croon, Marcel

2007-01-01

416

Clemson University Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Clemson University Department of Psychology ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Psychology Undergraduate Handbook 2014-2015 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Dr. Pamela Alley www.clemson.edu/psych #12;2 Table of Contents Section I: Psychology Department 4

Duchowski, Andrew T.

417

PSYCHOLOGY 202 MIND AND SOCIETY  

E-print Network

, methods, and applications of psychological science. apply psychological concepts to enhance understanding. COURSE MATERIALS The required textbook for this course is Gazzaniga, Heatherton, & Halpern; 3rd Edition (2010). Psychological Science. New York: Norton. In addition to your text, you

Lockery, Shawn

418

Journal of Abnormal Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is reprinted from the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1965, 70, 1. The Journal of Abnormal Psychology will give priority to articles on problems related to abnormal behavior, broadly defined. The Journal's interests thus include the following: (a) psychopathology--its development or acquisition, its treatment or remission, and its symptomatology and course; (b) normal processes in abnormal individuals; (c) pathological

Howard F. Hunt; William N. Thetford

1965-01-01

419

Psychology and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent sortie into the history of presidential addresses in C.P.A. turned up an interesting sidelight. Two of the first 4 presidents had chosen to discuss directly psychology's responsibilities to society (Line, 1945; Bernhardt, 1947); since 1947, presidential addresses have shown a predominant concern for scientific aspects of psychology with internal organizational matters of the Association receiving lesser but still

W. H. Coons

1968-01-01

420

Teaching Anomalistic Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses need for anomalistic psychology courses (the occult, astrology, ESP, or those phenomena inexplicable in terms of orthodox science) in the college psychology curriculum. A study of an anomalistics course indicates that student belief in the paranormal was associated with greater learning which was then followed by significant reductions…

Jones, Warren; Zusne, Leonard

1981-01-01

421

Affecting qualitative health psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ‘affective turn’ is a contemporary movement within the humanities, social science, and psychology to investigate affect, emotion, and feeling as hybrid phenomena jointly constituted from both biological and social influences. Health and illness are themselves jointly constituted in this way, and many of the topics, concerns, and methods of health psychology are strongly permeated by affective phenomena. Qualitative research

John Cromby

2011-01-01

422

Medical Psychology in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the state of medical psychology in Canada and explores some current controversies and challenges for the future of the field. The practice of psychology in Canadian medical settings is influenced by the country's universal healthcare system and by the need to provide adequate care to a diverse and widely dispersed population. Although Canada's licensing system does not

Alisha Ali

2001-01-01

423

Health Psychology Chapter Eleven  

E-print Network

also be estimated as well as costs to produce QALYs. d) #12;Quality of Well-Being Scale One of severalHealth Psychology Chapter Eleven: Management of Chronic Illness #12;Quality of Life: What Is Quality of Life? The degree to which a person is able to maximize his or her Physical, Psychological

Meagher, Mary

424

Health Psychology Chapter Eleven  

E-print Network

also be estimated as well as costs to produce QALYs. #12;Quality of Well-Being Scale One of severalHealth Psychology Chapter Eleven: Management of Chronic Illness #12;Quality of Life: What Is Quality of Life? The degree to which a person is able to maximize his or her Physical, Psychological

Meagher, Mary

425

Genetics and Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major changes in developmental psychology during the past 50 years has been the acceptance of the important role of nature (genetics) as well as nurture (environment). Past research consisting of twin and adoption studies has shown that genetic influence is substantial for most domains of developmental psychology. Present research…

Plomin, Robert

2004-01-01

426

Psychology, metapsychology, and psychoanalysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argues that both purposive and causal perspectives on behavior are essential to a mature psychology. Focus upon the meaning of behavior may be an efficient strategy for using psychoanalytic data but, for other data, process descriptions often seem more useful. It is concluded that the lack of measures in psychology quantifiable on an interval scale prevents energy constructs from having

Paul L. Wachtel

1969-01-01

427

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report 348 Copyright © 2001 American Psychological Society VOL. 12 experimental conditions reported here demon- strate the top-down influence of word representations, even under listening conditions that pose severe problems for the best computer-based speech

Coulson, Seana

428

Psychological features in patients with and without irritable bowel syndrome: A case–control study using Symptom Checklist-90-Revised  

PubMed Central

Context: Recent studies have demonstrated that a high proportion of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients shows an association with psychological factors. A few studies were conducted on the investigation of psychological features of IBS patients in Iran. Aims: We aimed to evaluate the relationship of psychological distress with IBS in outpatient subjects. Settings and Design: A total of 153 consecutive outpatients met Rome III criteria, and 163 controls were interred to study and invited to complete the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) instrument in order to assessment of psychological distress. Statistical Analysis: Univariate (t-test and Chi-square) and multivariate (logistic regression) methods were used for data analysis. Results: A significant association of IBS with all nine subscale and three global indices including global severity index (GSI), positive symptom distress index (PSDI), and positive symptom total (PST) of the SCL-90-R were detected. Patients with IBS reported significantly higher levels of poor appetite, trouble falling asleep, thoughts of death or dying, early morning awakening, disturbed sleep, and feelings of guilt compared to the controls. Multivariate analysis indicated that interpersonal sensitivity, somatization, paranoid ideation, depression and phobic anxiety subscales, and PST, PSDI, and GSI global indices were significantly associated with IBS (age, gender, educational level, marital status, employment status, smoking, alcohol use, and body mass index). Conclusions: Psychological features are strongly associated with IBS; notably, interpersonal sensitivity, somatization, paranoid ideation, depression, phobic anxiety, and all global indices including PST, PSDI, and GSI is significantly associated with. Hence, the appropriate psychological assessment in these patients is critically important.

Farbod, Fadai; Farzaneh, Neda; Bijan, Moghimi-Dehkordi; Mehdi, Ghobakhlou; Nosratollah, Naderi

2015-01-01

429

Psychosocial Mechanisms of Psychological Health Disparity in Japanese Workers  

PubMed Central

Recent epidemiologic research has shown that people with higher socioeconomic status (SES) (e.g., educational attainment) have better psychological health than those with lower SES. However, the psychosocial mechanisms of underlying this relationship remain unclear. To fill this gap, the current study examines the mediating effects of job demands and job resources in the relationship between educational attainment and psychological distress. The hypothesized model was tested using large data sets from two different studies: a cross-sectional study of 9,652 Japanese employees from 12 workplaces (Study 1), and a longitudinal study of 1,957 Japanese employees (Study 2). Structural equation modeling revealed that (1) educational attainment was positively related to psychological distress through job demands, (2) educational attainment was negatively related to psychological distress through job resources, and (3) educational attainment was not directly related to psychological distress. These results suggest that educational attainment has an indirect effect, rather than a direct one, on psychological distress among workers; educational attainment had both a positive and a negative relationship to psychological distress through job demands and job resources, respectively. PMID:23892903

SHIMAZU, Akihito; KAWAKAMI, Norito; KUBOTA, Kazumi; INOUE, Akiomi; KURIOKA, Sumiko; MIYAKI, Koichi; TAKAHASHI, Masaya; TSUTSUMI, Akizumi

2013-01-01

430

Online Psychology Laboratory (OPL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Online Psychology Laboratory (OPL) consists of (1) highly interactive, web-deliverable psychology experiments and demonstrations, (2) a cumulative data archive from which students can retrieve datasets for analysis, and (3) user-controlled data extraction and analysis tools designed for the diverse needs of end users. One of the goals of the collection is to offer support for student research and educators who are not adept in experimental design and data analysis. Psychology students will be able to collect data, analyze data, and report their findings for class assignments or individual projects. Because psychology is allied to many disciplines--biology, sociology, and political science among them--OPL will contribute to the set of experiments available to students who wish to study psychologically-based issues in related scientific disciplines.

2006-03-08

431

Avian psychology and communication.  

PubMed Central

The evolution of animal communication is a complex issue and one that attracts much research and debate. 'Receiver psychology' has been highlighted as a potential selective force, and we review how avian psychological processes and biases can influence the evolution and design of signals as well as the progress that has been made in testing these ideas in behavioural studies. Interestingly, although birds are a focal group for experimental psychologists and behavioural ecologists alike, the integration of theoretical ideas from psychology into studies of communication has been relatively slow. However, recent operant experiments are starting to address how birds perceive and respond to complex natural signals in an attempt to answer evolutionary problems in communication. This review outlines how a psychological approach to understanding communication is useful, and we hope that it stimulates further research addressing the role of psychological mechanisms in signal evolution. PMID:15306314

Rowe, Candy; Skelhorn, John

2004-01-01

432

Implicit Theories of Peer Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the role of children's implicit theories of peer relationships in their psychological, emotional, and behavioral adjustment. Participants included 206 children (110 girls; 96 boys; M age = 10.13 years, SD = 1.16) who reported on their implicit theories of peer relationships, social goal orientation, need for approval,…

Rudolph, Karen D.

2010-01-01

433

Musician and Teacher: Employability and Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a study into factors that contribute to the employability of music graduates as teachers. By considering the results of a survey that covered a range of contexts, as well as interviews with secondary school head teachers, it considers the relationship between self-identity and employability. It finds that, in developing…

Garnett, James

2014-01-01

434

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology Colorado State University Approved May 13, 2009 #12........................................................................... 3 II. Mission of the Department of Psychology

435

Drug Dealing and Legitimate Self-Employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theoretical models of self-employment posit that attitudes toward risk, entrepreneurial ability, and preferences for autonomy are central to the individual's decision between self-employment and wage\\/salary work. I provide indirect evidence on this hypothesis by examining the relationship between drug dealing as a youth and legitimate self-employment in later years using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth. I find

Robert W. Fairlie

2002-01-01

436

Institute of Psychology Institute of Psychology  

E-print Network

and Empowerment (NCSE) is a reasearch group meant to promote recov- ery from mental illness by understanding laboratories for human behavioral as- sessment studies, psychophysiological research, infant and maternal the Institute of Psychology. Many journals and databases are available through IITs libraries. Research Areas

Saniie, Jafar

437

Four Social Psychological Lenses for Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can the advances of social and developmental psychology be integrated? This conceptual paper proposes to examine four basic theoretical models of social situations through which learning and development have been observed in the post-piagetian tradition: the psychosocial triangle, the frame, models of transfer and transitions, and models…

Zittoun, Tania; Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly

2009-01-01

438

Alchemical hermeneutics of the Vesica Piscis: Symbol of depth psychology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to develop an understanding of the Vesica Piscis as the symbolic frame for depth psychology and the therapeutic relationship. The method of inquiry was hermeneutics and alchemical hermeneutics, informed theoretically by depth psychology. A theoretical description of the nature of the Vesica Piscis as a dynamic template and symbol for depth psychology and the therapeutic relationship resulted. Gathering the components of the therapeutic relationship into the shape of the Vesica Piscis, gave opportunity to explore what might be happening while treatment is taking place: somatically, psychologically, and emotionally. An investigation into the study of Soul placed the work of psychology within the central, innermost sacred space between—known symbolically as the Vesica Piscis. Imbued with a connectedness and relational welcoming, this symbol images the Greek goddess Hekate (Soul), as mediatrix between mind and matter. Psyche (soul), namesake of "psychology," continues her journey of finding meaning making, restitution, and solace in the therapeutic space as imaged by the Vesica Piscis. Her journey, moving through the generations, becomes the journey of the therapeutic process—one that finds resolution in relationship. Psyche is sought out in the macrocosmic archetypal realm of pure energy, the prima material that forms and coalesces both in response and likewise, creates a response through symbols, images, and imagination. The field was explored from the depth psychological perspective as: the unconscious, consciousness, and archetypal, and in physics as: the quantum field, morphic resonance, and the holographic field. Gaining an understanding of the underlying qualities of the field placed the symbol in its embedded context, allowing for further definition as to how the symbol potentially was either an extension of the field, or served as a constellating factor. Depth psychology, as a scientific discipline, is in need of a symbol that can serve as a portal, one that has the propensity to deepen the understanding of the therapeutic relationship and the space held by both participants.

O'Dell, Linda Kay

439

Stress and Psychological Distress among Trainee Secondary Teachers in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationships between stress and psychological distress were investigated among a cohort of trainee secondary school teachers in England. Specifically, the study examined the structure of a Teacher Stress Scale and its relationship to mental health as measured by the 12-item General Health Questionnaire. Three factors were identified:…

Chaplain, Roland P.

2008-01-01

440

Personal Mastery and Psychological Well-Being Among Young Grandmothers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the association between relationship quality, personal mastery, and psychological well-being among 83 young Black and White American grandmothers in families with teenage mothers. Interviews were conducted during the early stages of adaptation to grandparenthood due to the birth of a baby to a teenage daughter. Findings indicated that the effects of the mother–daughter relationship are mediated through

Brandyn-Dior McKinley; Edna Brown; Cleopatra Howard Caldwell

2012-01-01

441

SkillsSkills EmployersEmployers  

E-print Network

TheThe SkillsSkills EmployersEmployers WantWant Communication Skills Spoken, comprehension, written language and grammar (U.S. English) · Class/Group Presentations - Basic Speech (COM 1010) or Debate (COM) Courses · Reading and Research, Trial, Error and Evaluate; Practice Objectivity C A Teamwork Ability

Berdichevsky, Victor

442

Employing Discourse: Universities and Graduate "Employability"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What constitutes graduate employability is discursively framed. In this paper we argue that whilst universities in the UK have long had an involvement in producing useful and productive citizens, the ongoing neoliberalisation of higher education has engendered a discursive shift in definitions of employability. Traditionally, universities regarded…

Boden, Rebecca; Nedeva, Maria

2010-01-01

443

Psychological responses to the threat of nuclear war  

SciTech Connect

A series of three studies explored psychological responses to the threat of nuclear war, and the relationship between attitudes and behavior on this issue. The first was a quasi-experimental study of the influence of exposure to a media depiction of nuclear war, The Day After, on attitudes and behavior, and the influence of such attitudinal variables as denial, perception of control, perception of responsibility, survivability, and spiritual orientation, on the decision to view this film. No effects were found for exposure, but those who experienced a greater sense of control over political events were more likely to view the film. The second study was an experiment on the effects of efficacy enhancing, fear arousing or informational communications, in combination with the previously mentioned attitudinal variables, on retention of relevant information, intentions to act, and political activism on the nuclear arms issue. Fear arousal was found to increase activism for women, but to decrease activism for men. The third study employed structural modeling to examine the relationship between attitudes and behavior on the issue of nuclear war, using data from the experiment. The model supported in this study showed that intentions were directly affected by denial and a sense of power over political events.

McClenney, J.E.

1987-01-01

444

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology Director, Institute for Social Research. Jackson is the Daniel Katz Distinguished University Professor of Psychology, Profes- sor of Afroamerican Psychology, the American Psychological Association, the Association of Psychological Sciences, AAAS

Hill, Wendell T.

445

Employability Strategy September 2010  

E-print Network

1 Employability Strategy September 2010 Employability Strategy Statement The University of Kent is committed to enhancing the employability of all our students, undergraduate and postgraduate, in order's Employability Strategy is designed to contribute to the achievement of the University's Learning and Teaching

Derrick, John

446

Predicting Students' Performance in Introductory Psychology from their Psychology Misconceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students bring many misconceptions about psychology to the introductory psychology course. We investigated whether scores on a 10-item Knowledge of Psychology Test (adapted from Vaughan, 1977) taken on the first class day were related to final class grades in 11 introductory psychology classes taught by the same instructor at three colleges. A…

Kuhle, Barry X.; Barber, Jessica M.; Bristol, Adam S.

2009-01-01

447

The Department of Psychology A Path into Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

The Department of Psychology Presents A Path into Clinical Psychology Tuesday, March 18, 2014 5:30 PM ­ 7:00 PM Room 118 Psychology Building This program will provide you insights from graduate students and faculty in the field of clinical psychology. Panel experts will discuss the following: What

Liu, Taosheng

448

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology University of New Orleans College of Sciences New Orleans, LA With a Ph.D. in Applied Developmental Psychology from professional psychological services. Graduates from our program are currently in academic positions in higher

Kulp, Mark

449

Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology  

E-print Network

232 Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology Prerequisite: Permission,inpart,bystudentdemand.Mayberepeated fordegreecreditwithpermissionandifthetopicsare different.Staff. Psychology 403 (3)--Directed Individual Study Prerequisites: Six credits in psychology, junior stand- ing, and permission of the head of the department

Dresden, Gregory

450

Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

10/2009 Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University "Getting to Know Your District" Student's Name Practicum Site Practicum Supervisor Section 1: 1. What psychological is the ratio of student/psychologist? 5. Who is in charge of Psychological Services? 6. Do School Psychologists

Hardy, Christopher R.

451

BS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

: Childhood Psych 342 Abnormal Psychology Note: Psych 320 or 342 cannot be double-counted here and in ClusterBS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology For students entering the degree or above. (Students can enroll in 500-level courses on a space-available basis.) The Psychology Department

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

452

PSYCHOLOGY 280: ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Summer 2014 -Section 101  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY 280: ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Summer 2014 - Section 101 Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays variety of topics in the field of abnormal psychology, including its history and the methods used). Abnormal psychology in a changing world (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. Textbook

Liu, Taosheng

453

International School Psychology: Psychology's Worldwide Portal to Children and Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International school psychology is discussed in reference to scholarly and professional development within psychology, the emergence of an international association of school psychology, its efforts to promote school psychology, prevailing characteristics of school psychologists, and additional efforts needed to further enhance its development.…

Oakland, Thomas D.

2003-01-01

454

Religion and Self: Notions from a Cultural Psychological Perspective  

PubMed Central

After a brief introduction of a cultural psychological perspective, this paper turns to the concept of self. The paper proposes to conceive of that reality to which the concepts of self refer as a narrative, employing especially autobiographies and other ego-documents in empirical exploration. After discussing some psychological theories about “self,” the paper points out that they may well be applied in research on personal religiosity. PMID:20694039

2009-01-01

455

Attitudes Towards Employment and Employment Outcomes Among Homeless Veterans with Substance Abuse and\\/or Psychiatric Problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationship between attitudes towards employment and employment outcomes among homeless veterans with psychiatric and substance abuse problems. Attitudes towards employment among over 300 homeless veterans participating in a study of vocational outcomes were characterized using factor analysis. Mixed linear regression was then used to examine the association between each of five employment attitudes and number of

ALVIN S. MARES; ROBERT A. ROSENHECK

2006-01-01

456

Theoretical Perspectives on Sibling Relationships  

PubMed Central

Although siblings are a fixture of family life, research on sibling relationships lags behind that on other family relationships. To stimulate interest in sibling research and to serve as a guide for future investigations by family scholars, we review four theoretical psychologically oriented perspectives—(a) psychoanalytic-evolutionary, (b) social psychological, (c) social learning, and (d) family-ecological systems—that can inform research on sibling relationships, including perspectives on the nature and influences on developmental, individual, and group differences in sibling relationships. Given that most research on siblings has focused on childhood and adolescence, our review highlights these developmental periods, but we also incorporate the limited research on adult sibling relationships, including in formulating suggestions for future research on this fundamental family relationship. PMID:21731581

Whiteman, Shawn D.; McHale, Susan M.; Soli, Anna

2011-01-01

457

An encounter between psychology and religion: humanistic psychology and the Immaculate Heart of Mary nuns.  

PubMed

In the 1960s, humanistic psychology changed the relationship between psychology and religion by actively asserting the value of individual experience and self-expression. This was particularly evident in the encounter group movement. Beginning in 1967, Carl Rogers conducted a series of encounter groups, in order to promote "self-directed change in an educational system," for the Sisters of the Immaculate Heart of Mary, a religious order in California running an educational system. William Coulson, one of Rogers's associates in the project, later charged that the encounter groups undermined the religious order and played a major contributing part in the breakup of the order in 1970. The article examines these charges, situating the incident within the context of the changes occurring in religious life and in psychology in the 1960s. The article concludes that an already existing conflict the nuns had with the conservative Cardinal McIntyre of Los Angeles led to the departure of some 300 nuns from the order, who began the Immaculate Heart Community, an organization existing today. Nevertheless, encounter groups proved to be a psychological technology that helped to infuse a modern psychological--specifically, a humanistic psychological--perspective into contemporary religious life. PMID:16196049

Kugelmann, Robert

2005-01-01

458

Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Programme information #12;www.bath.ac.uk/psychology/clinical #12;Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Introduction and overview from the Programme Director As the most recently established Doctorate in Clinical Psychology the Bath team has combined well

Burton, Geoffrey R.

459

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology We are one of the UK's strongest Psychology as being `internationally excellent', third in the UK. Head of School of Psychology Create impact. #12;Contents Why study Psychology? 3 Our school 3 Our programmes 4 The third year 5 MSci opportunities 6 How

Miall, Chris

460

Positive Psychology: A Foucauldian Critique  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes and critiques some of the “truth claims” of positive psychology by applying Foucault's concepts of power\\/knowledge, discipline, and governmentality. It illustrates how positive psychology deploys mechanisms to devalue, subjugate, and discredit humanistic psychology. It also illustrates how positive psychology privileges particular modes of functioning by classifying and categorizing character strengths and virtues, supporting a neo-liberal economic and

Matthew McDonald; Jean OCallaghan

2008-01-01

461

Psychological and ethical implications related to infertility.  

PubMed

Being a parent is deeply demanding and one of the most important events in life; parents experience the deepening of human relationships with their partner, within their families, and in society, and moreover the fundamental relationship between parent and child. Every medical, social, and political effort must be made to prevent infertility but also to offer infertile couples the best diagnostic and therapeutic paths. Understanding the suffering of the couple and their families prevents and helps ease the possible psychological and social complications of infertility. Therefore, infertility concerns not only biomedical sciences but also psychological and social ones-ethics and law-in their combined efforts to identify areas of understanding and of research for solutions while respecting the dignity of the couple and unborn child. The Catholic Church offers an ongoing contribution through dialogue in looking for ethical principles guiding scientific and medical research respectful of the true life of human beings. PMID:24156989

Minucci, Daria

2013-12-01

462

[Psychological theory and implicit sociology.].  

PubMed

This text is based on the hypothesis that every theory on the psychology of personality must inevitably, in one manner or another, have a sociological referent, that is to say, it must refer to a body of knowledge which deals with a diversity of social contexts and their relations to individuals. According to this working hypothesis, such a sociology is implicit. This text then discusses a group of theoretical approaches in an effort to verify this hypothesis. This approach allows the extrication of diverse forms or diverse expressions of this implicit sociology within this context several currents are rapidly explored : psychoanalysis, behaviorism, gestalt, classical theory of needs. The author also comments on the approach, inspired by oriental techniques or philosophies, which employs the notion of myth to deepen self awareness. Finally, from the same perspective, he comments at greater length on the work of Carl Rogers, highlighting the diverse form of implicit sociology. In addition to Carl Rogers, this text refers to Freud, Jung, Adler, Reich, Perls, Goodman, Skinner as well as to Ginette Paris and various analysts of Taoism. In conclusion, the author indicates the significance of his analysis from double viewpoint of psychological theory and practice. PMID:17093766

Sévigny, R

1983-01-01

463

Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, 7(2009)3, 195210 DOI: 10.1556/JEP.7.2009.3.1  

E-print Network

Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, 7(2009)3, 195­210 DOI: 10.1556/JEP.7.2009.3.1 1789-2082 © 2009 OF RELATIONSHIP CONTEXT ON WOMEN'S PREFERENCES FOR SEXUAL DIMORPHISM IN MALE FACE SHAPE F.G. SMITH 1 , B.C. JONES Research Laboratory, School of Psychology, University of Aberdeen 2 Department of Psychology, University

Little, Tony

464

Monitor on Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published eleven times a year by the American Psychological Association, the Monitor on Psychology contains a number of helpful pieces for those persons interested in the broad field of psychology, and for those who may be thinking about going into the field as well. Each month features a number of helpful features, including a commentary from the APA's president, an update on psychology and public policy, discussion of ethical practices, and an editorial from a working professional in the field. Each month the publication also contains a number of extended articles on such topics as personality disorders, the importance of psychologists' in troubled schools, and the role of psychologists in homeland security. Visitors to the site also have access to an archive of previous issues that stretches back to January 1998.

465

Teaching Educational Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Teaching Educational Psychology (TEP) is an online, peer-refereed journal that is "devoted to increasing our shared knowledge base about the teaching of educational psychology to a variety of educational constituencies" including administrators, policy-makers, parents, and the public. The journal started publication in 2005 and is published twice a year. Visitors to the site can access all of the back issues of the journal, and they should also take a look at their reviewing guidelines and submission materials. Recent articles include "Using Student Interviews to Understand Theories of Motivation" and "Narrative as a Basis for Teaching Educational Psychology" Moving on, the site also includes links to related educational psychology sites and a list of reviewers.

466

A New Theoretical Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is suggested that the study of artificial intelligence can provide ways of thinking about the human mind that are potentially valuable in formulating cognitive theories. Theoretical psychology is proposed as an appropriate classification for this branch of theory. (MSE)

Longuet-Higgins, H. C.

1982-01-01

467

Internet research in psychology.  

PubMed

Today the Internet plays a role in the lives of nearly 40% of the world's population, and it is becoming increasingly entwined in daily life. This growing presence is transforming psychological science in terms of the topics studied and the methods used. We provide an overview of the literature, considering three broad domains of research: translational (implementing traditional methods online; e.g., surveys), phenomenological (topics spawned or mediated by the Internet; e.g., cyberbullying), and novel (new ways to study existing topics; e.g., rumors). We discuss issues (e.g., sampling, ethics) that arise when doing research online and point to emerging opportunities (e.g., smartphone sensing). Psychological research on the Internet comes with new challenges, but the opportunities far outweigh the costs. By integrating the Internet, psychological research has the ability to reach large, diverse samples and collect data on actual behaviors, which will ultimately increase the impact of psychological research on society. PMID:25251483

Gosling, Samuel D; Mason, Winter

2015-01-01

468

"Jeopardy" in Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of the board game, Jeopardy, in a college level abnormal psychology course. Finds increased student interaction and improved application of information. Reports generally favorable student evaluation of the technique. (CFR)

Keutzer, Carolin S.

1993-01-01

469

Psychology and Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study of 60 undergraduates which investigated correlations between style variations (inversion, ornamentation, condensation, poor distribution, and deliberate misleadingness) and such psychological factors as reading ease, mental organization, and recall. (DD)

De Beaugrande, Robert

1979-01-01

470

American Psychological Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Psychology Topics Addictions ADHD Anger Anxiety Bipolar Disorder Bullying Depression Eating Disorders Emotional Health Ethics Learning & Memory ... ADHD Aging Alzheimer's Anger Anxiety Autism Bipolar Disorder Bullying Children Death & Dying Depression Disability Eating Disorders Education ...

471

Darwin and Evolutionary Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Darwin's views on various psychological behaviors were significant. Basing his conclusions on empirical research, he wrote extensively on the phylogeny of behavior, emotional expression, sexual selection, instincts, evolution of morals, ontogeny of behavior, and genetics of behavior. (PS)

Ghiselin, Michael T.

1973-01-01

472

The Psychology of Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven psychological factors were analyzed in relation to unsafe behavior of students in laboratory activities. Findings imply a need for accurate records of unsafe acts, accidents, and injuries in identifying areas of potential progress in accident prevention. (MU)

Nichols, George V., Jr.

1972-01-01

473

Psychological condition of patients complaining of halitosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the actual degree of malodor and the psychological condition of patients complaining of halitosis.Methods: The subjects consisted of 155 patients aged 46±17 years (mean±SD) who visited the Halitosis Clinic at Kyushu University Dental Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan. The Cornell Medical Index (CMI) Health Questionnaire was used to evaluate the

T Oho; Y Yoshida; Y Shimazaki; Y Yamashita; T Koga

2001-01-01

474

Effects of Psychological Stress on Human Semen Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

We investigated the relationship between psycholog- ical stress and sperm concentration, motility, and morphometry in a prospective study of 157 volunteers who were enrolled in a prepaid health plan. We measured psychological job stress and life-event stress by telephone interview. Sperm-kinematic and nuclear-mor- phometric variables were measured using computer-assisted image analyses. Sperm concentration, percent motility, and semen volume were determined

LAURA FENSTER; DAVID F KATZ; ANDREW J. WYROBEK; CARL PIEPER; DAVID M. REMPEL; DOUGLAS OMAN; SHANNA H. SWAN

1997-01-01

475

Psychological resilience and the well-being of widowed women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of older women in enduring relationships contend with conjugal bereavement. Although most experience considerable\\u000a distress in the immediate aftermath of this loss, the majority adjusts over the course of time. The current study applies\\u000a the theory of psychological resilience (or hardiness) to this topic. Results of this study suggest that psychological resilience\\u000a is significantly associated with both satisfaction

Norm O’Rourke

2004-01-01

476

Psychological consequences of infestation of the dwelling unit.  

PubMed Central

Interview data from a three-wave panel study of the impact of the residential environment upon the psychological well-being of 337 minority women were used to examine the effects of household infestation upon self-reported depression, phobic anxiety, somatization, hostility, and anomia. The findings of cross-sectional and change analyses over the three waves of data point to a stable relationship between rat infestation and a single dimension of psychological well-being, somatization. PMID:3876780

Zahner, G E; Kasl, S V; White, M; Will, J C

1985-01-01

477

Developing a fluid intelligence scale through a combination of Rasch modeling and cognitive psychology.  

PubMed

Ability testing has been criticized because understanding of the construct being assessed is incomplete and because the testing has not yet been satisfactorily improved in accordance with new knowledge from cognitive psychology. This article contributes to the solution of this problem through the application of item response theory and Susan Embretson's cognitive design system for test development in the development of a fluid intelligence scale. This study is based on findings from cognitive psychology; instead of focusing on the development of a test, it focuses on the definition of a variable for the creation of a criterion-referenced measure for fluid intelligence. A geometric matrix item bank with 26 items was analyzed with data from 2,797 undergraduate students. The main result was a criterion-referenced scale that was based on information from item features that were linked to cognitive components, such as storage capacity, goal management, and abstraction; this information was used to create the descriptions of selected levels of a fluid intelligence scale. The scale proposed that the levels of fluid intelligence range from the ability to solve problems containing a limited number of bits of information with obvious relationships through the ability to solve problems that involve abstract relationships under conditions that are confounded with an information overload and distraction by mixed noise. This scale can be employed in future research to provide interpretations for the measurements of the cognitive processes mastered and the types of difficulty experienced by examinees. PMID:24773034

Primi, Ricardo

2014-09-01

478

Job satisfaction and job performance: is the relationship spurious?  

E-print Network

The link between job satisfaction and job performance is one of the most studied relationships in industrial/organizational psychology. Meta-analysis (Judge, Thoresen, Bono, & Patton, 2001) has estimated the magnitude of this relationship to be ?...

Cook, Allison Laura

2009-05-15

479

Sport psychology group consultation using social networking web sites.  

PubMed

A social networking Web site, Facebook, was used to deliver long-term sport psychology consultation services to student-athletes (i.e., soccer players) in 30- to 60-min weekly sessions. Additional short-term team building, group cohesion, communication, anger management, injury rehabilitation, mental toughness, commitment, and leadership workshops were provided. Cohesion and overall relationships between both the student-athletes and the sport psychology consultants benefited from this process. Social networking Web sites offer a practical way of providing sport psychology consulting services that does not require use of major resources. PMID:22867127

Dietrich, Frederick; Shipherd, Amber M; Gershgoren, Lael; Filho, Edson Medeiros; Basevitch, Itay

2012-08-01

480

The state of the psychology health service provider workforce.  

PubMed

Numerous efforts to describe the health service provider or clinical workforce in psychology have been conducted during the past 30 years. The American Psychological Association (APA) has studied trends in the doctoral education pathway and the resultant effects on the broader psychology workforce. During this period, the creation and growth of the PsyD degree and the formalization of the predoctoral internship placement system (the APPIC Match) have been well noted, but efforts to gain a complete understanding of professional practice are lacking. Specifically, piecemeal research on the provider workforce has led to the study of specific subpopulations using varying approaches and definitions of those providing direct clinical service. Consequently, estimates of the supply and need for health service providers are distinctly divergent and generate protracted debate in organized psychology. The APA membership directory and the APA Doctorate Employment Surveys have traditionally been relied on for workforce analyses. Yet, these data have become characterized by limited generalizability in recent years because of declining survey response rates and the fact that APA member data may not be as representative of the entire psychology health service provider population as they were previously. The 2008 APA Survey of Psychology Health Service Providers targeted these limitations by including nonmember psychologists in the sampling frame. Results revealed emerging themes in the demographics, work settings, and delivery of health services of the psychology health service provider workforce. Future areas of research for APA and organized psychology to undertake in addressing need and demand are suggested. PMID:22121982

Michalski, Daniel S; Kohout, Jessica L

2011-12-01

481

Medicaid: Employment Initiatives  

MedlinePLUS

... such as Personal Assistance Services, Supported Employment, and Peer Support Services. These programs and services are briefly ... Community Based Services Issue Brief on Supported Employment. Peer Support Services. Peer support providers are a distinct ...

482

National Employment Matrix  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The US Bureau of Labor Statistics offers the National Industry-Occupation Employment Matrix. This fascinating searchable and browsable database allows users to track the employment distribution of an occupation among industries. Users can search or browse by industry or occupation. Results can be sorted by employment or projected (percent or numeric) change in employment. Data are available for over 500 occupations within 240 industries.

1998-01-01

483

Family incivility and job performance: a moderated mediation model of psychological distress and core self-evaluation.  

PubMed

This study extends the stress literature by exploring the relationship between family incivility and job performance. We examine whether psychological distress mediates the link between family incivility and job performance. We also investigate how core self-evaluation might moderate this mediated relationship. Data from a 2-wave study indicate that psychological distress mediates the relationship between family incivility and job performance. In addition, core self-evaluation moderates the relationship between family incivility and psychological distress but not the relationship between psychological distress and job performance. The results hold while controlling for general job stress, family-to-work conflict, and work-to-family conflict. The findings suggest that family incivility is linked to poor performance at work, and psychological distress and core self-evaluation are key mechanisms in the relationship. PMID:24079671

Lim, Sandy; Tai, Kenneth

2014-03-01

484

The Search for Cognitive Terminology: An Analysis of Comparative Psychology Journal Titles  

PubMed Central

This research examines the employment of cognitive or mentalist words in the titles of articles from three comparative psychology journals (Journal of Comparative Psychology, International Journal of Comparative Psychology, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes; 8,572 titles, >100,000 words). The Dictionary of Affect in Language, coupled with a word search of titles, was employed to demonstrate cognitive creep. The use of cognitive terminology increased over time (1940–2010) and the increase was especially notable in comparison to the use of behavioral words, highlighting a progressively cognitivist approach to comparative research. Problems associated with the use of cognitive terminology in this domain include a lack of operationalization and a lack of portability. There were stylistic differences among journals including an increased use of words rated as pleasant and concrete across years for Journal of Comparative Psychology, and a greater use of emotionally unpleasant and concrete words in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes. PMID:25379230

Whissell, Cynthia; Abramson, Charles I.; Barber, Kelsey R.

2013-01-01

485

The search for cognitive terminology: an analysis of comparative psychology journal titles.  

PubMed

This research examines the employment of cognitive or mentalist words in the titles of articles from three comparative psychology journals (Journal of Comparative Psychology, International Journal of Comparative Psychology, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes; 8,572 titles, >100,000 words). The Dictionary of Affect in Language, coupled with a word search of titles, was employed to demonstrate cognitive creep. The use of cognitive terminology increased over time (1940-2010) and the increase was especially notable in comparison to the use of behavioral words, highlighting a progressively cognitivist approach to comparative research. Problems associated with the use of cognitive terminology in this domain include a lack of operationalization and a lack of portability. There were stylistic differences among journals including an increased use of words rated as pleasant and concrete across years for Journal of Comparative Psychology, and a greater use of emotionally unpleasant and concrete words in Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes. PMID:25379230

Whissell, Cynthia; Abramson, Charles I; Barber, Kelsey R

2013-03-01

486

CASUAL EMPLOYMENT OF STUDENTS  

E-print Network

CASUAL EMPLOYMENT OF STUDENTS University Policy No.: HR6300 Classification: Human Resources for the Casual Employment of Students PURPOSE 1.00 The purpose of this policy is to set out certain terms and conditions for hiring students for Casual Employment opportunities at the university. DEFINITIONS

Victoria, University of

487

Graduate Identity and Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper develops the concept of graduate identity as a way of deepening the understanding of graduate employability. It does this through presenting research in which over 100 employers in East Anglia were asked to record their perceptions of graduates in respect of their employability. The findings suggest a composite and complex graduate…

Hinchliffe, Geoffrey William; Jolly, Adrienne

2011-01-01

488

Employability SchoolofEarth  

E-print Network

Employability atthe SchoolofEarth andEnvironment International reputation Leeds graduates have an excellent reputation amongst employers. The University is one of the top ten `most targeted' universities by the UK's top graduate employers according to the 2011 High Fliers survey. Here at the School of Earth

489

Employment in Agribusiness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is intended to assist persons teaching a course in employment in agribusiness. Addressed in the individual units of instruction are the following topics: employment information (training plans/agreements and wages, taxes, and fringe benefits); human relations (employer/employee/customer relations and communication skills);…

Hilgenberg, Gene; Huston, Jane

490

The New Employment Contract?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the classic employment contract, especially at large companies, wages were not strongly responsive to the labor market. Instead, individual companies had distinctive company wage levels and patterns. An exhaustive study of employers and employees in the United States and Japan examined whether the "old employment contract" has been replaced.…

Levine, David I.

2002-01-01

491

An Investigation of the Self-Regulation Components Students Employ in the Physical Education Setting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in educational psychology and sport psychology indicates that school achievement depends on students' capacity to self-regulate their own learning processes. The purpose of this study was to investigate the self-regulation components employed by students in a natural physical education setting. Twenty-three French students, 14 and 15…

Kermarrec, Gilles; Todorovich, John; Fleming, David

2004-01-01

492

Happy software developers solve problems better: psychological measurements in empirical software engineering  

PubMed Central

For more than thirty years, it has been claimed that a way to improve software developers’ productivity and software quality is to focus on people and to provide incentives to make developers satisfied and happy. This claim has rarely been verified in software engineering research, which faces an additional challenge in comparison to more traditional engineering fields: software development is an intellectual activity and is dominated by often-neglected human factors (called human aspects in software engineering research). Among the many skills required for software development, developers must possess high analytical problem-solving skills and creativity for the software construction process. According to psychology research, affective states—emotions and moods—deeply influence the cognitive processing abilities and performance of workers, including creativity and analytical problem solving. Nonetheless, little research has investigated the correlation between the affective states, creativity, and analytical problem-solving performance of programmers. This article echoes the call to employ psychological measurements in software engineering research. We report a study with 42 participants to investigate the relationship between the affective states, creativity, and analytical problem-solving skills of software developers. The results offer support for the claim that happy developers are indeed better problem solvers in terms of their analytical abilities. The following contributions are made by this study: (1) providing a better understanding of the impact of affective states on the creativity and analytical problem-solving capacities of developers, (2) introducing and validating psychological measurements, theories, and concepts of affective states, creativity, and analytical-problem-solving skills in empirical software engineering, and (3) raising the need for studying the human factors of software engineering by employing a multidisciplinary viewpoint. PMID:24688866

Wang, Xiaofeng; Abrahamsson, Pekka

2014-01-01

493

Soviet psychology and psychophysiology.  

PubMed

Pavlov's experiments, begun long before the revolution, have always been generously supported by the Soviet state. However, their far-reaching ontological and methodological implication gained an official and commanding position to Soviet biomedical and psychosocial (as distinct from socioeconomic) sciences only in 1950 with the Resolution of the 28 June-4 July Joint Pavlovian Session of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and Academy of Medical Sciences. In the biomedical sciences, present-day Soviet Pavlovianism may best be conceived of as (i) a doctrine of nervism (a Russian term)-the ubiquity of neural control of bodily reactions (neural, neurosomatic, neurovisceral, and neurohumoral) and (ii) a doctrine of what might be called concomitantism (my term )-the ready and radical modification of these reactions by concomitant reactions; or, viewed more generally and somewhat differently, as (iii) a far-reaching physicalistic psychosomaticism or, rather, a neuroviscerosomaticism. Psychophysiology-or higher nervous activity-is the key discipline here. With scores of research institutes, it is indeed a very well-established, wide-scoped, and faradvanced faradvanced science that, in both present achievements and future capabilities, is a challenge to American and Western equivalents. On the other hand, in the psychosocial sciences and the key discipline of psychology proper, unmitigated Pavlovian physicalism and objectivism is met head on by (i) the unbending postulate of dialectical materialism of "the specific emergent efficacy of consciousness and subjective conscious categories" as well as by (ii) the simple consideration that a consistent Pavlovianism is a fully autarchic psychology and needs no other science of psychology on top of it. A large portion of current Soviet psychological theory in psychology proper is thus primarily a textual and exegetic collation and conciliation of the views of Pavlov with those of Marx, Engels, and Lenin (until recently and, to some extent even now, also of Stalin), just as most current Soviet psychological experimentation in psychology proper is primarily a duplication of what Soviet psychophysiology could do as well, if not better. Moreover, there is the longstanding drastic ban on intelligence testing, psychoanalysis, Gestalt psychology, and other to-be-shunned "bourgeois-psychological" thought-and-practice systems, so that, in all, psychology proper is a much constricted and, per se, more ancilliary than basic discipline of Soviet empirical research-a state of affairs plainly reflected in the fact that the number of its research institutes and publications (as well as the number of psychologists proper) is but a small fraction of the number in psychophysiology. Yet, in evaluating our efforts in the area vis-à-vis those of the Soviets, we must, obviously, take full account of both disciplines, Soviet psychophysiology being in all respects a psychology in American terms (60). Indeed, it is Soviet psychophysiology, and not Soviet psychology proper, that is the homolog not only of American behavioristics but also, to a large extent, of all American experimental psychology. PMID:13592304

RAZRAN, G

1958-11-14

494

The Employment Situation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A monthly US Bureau of Labor Statistics publication, the Employment Situation presents current employment, unemployment, and labor force data from the two major government surveys, the Current Population Survey (household survey) and the Current Employment Statistics Survey (establishment survey). Specific information on the employment status of the civilian population, duration of unemployment, employees on nonfarm payrolls and average hours of production is available in addition to selected historical series with user-defined output options (1989-present). The latest Employment Situation shows that employment rose in January, but unemployment remained unchanged. Nonfarm payroll employment rose by 245,000 and gains occurred in most major industry divisions. The average hourly earnings increased by six cents.

1999-01-01

495

Reward Management Conference 2011 The role of perceived employer obligations in the interpretation of -and  

E-print Network

obligations. This leads to the consideration that employees systematically assess their total reward package. Keywords: psychological contract, total reward, affective commitment, meaning, expatriate hal-006751603rd Reward Management Conference 2011 1 The role of perceived employer obligations

Boyer, Edmond

496

The Role of Income, Life-Style Deprivation and Financial Strain in Mediating the Impact of Unemployment on Psychological Distress. Published in Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol 65 Part 4  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reactions to unemployment are the outcome of complex interactions between the psychological condition of the individual and the economic circumstances of the household. Despite the increasing volume of research on the relationship between unemployment and mental health, consideration of the relationship between economic and psychological problems remains remarkably rare. The available evidence suggests that income has no direct effect but

Christopher T. Whelan

1991-01-01

497

American Psychological Society: Teaching Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers of psychology looking for high-quality resources to augment their students' classroom experience need look no further than this collection of online materials. Compiled by the American Psychological Society, the links are divided into topical sections that include health psychology, statistics, clinical psychology, research methods, and a dozen other topics. Visitors to the site will find links that lead to course materials for an introductory class on physiological psychology and a set of materials on educational psychology from Miami University. Finally, the site is rounded out by a very extensive section on statistics, including links to several online statistics glossaries and calculators.

498

English Language Proficiency and Employment: A Case Study of Bangladeshi Graduates in Australian Employment Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent literature has suggested that the relationship between globalisation and the English language implicates employability in the job market. Although the effects are uneven in different occupational groups and in different countries, such relationship is growing in significance to policy makers. This paper has explored the hitherto unstudied…

Roshid, Mohammod Moninoor; Chowdhury, Raqib

2013-01-01

499

Changing crude oil price effects on US agricultural employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effect of changes in the price of crude oil on agricultural employment in the USA between 1947 and 1995 is investigated. After reviewing previous assessments of the issue, the existence of an empirical relationship between agricultural employment and crude oil price changes is established using Granger causality. Subsequently, the nature of the relationship is estimated with the results suggesting

Noel D. Uri

1996-01-01

500

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Winter 2014  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Winter 2014 Lecture Instructor must learn how psychologists know what they know. Research Methods is a critical thinking skills class for success in lab. Course Books Required Book: Morling, B. (2012). Research methods

Lockery, Shawn