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1

Justice, Employment, and The Psychological Contract  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is a multidisciplinary collaboration between contract law, employment law and management scholars and draws from the fields of law, management, and psychology. After reviewing and noting the gaps in the employment and justice literatures, this paper presents the findings of a survey of 763 participants to measure whether certain variables—procedural and substantive fairness, as well as educating employees

Larry DiMatteo; Robert Bird; Jason Colquitt

2011-01-01

2

Making Sense of a New Employment Relationship: Psychological Contract-Related Information Seeking and the Role of Work Values and Locus of Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the information-seeking behaviors newcomers engage in relating to their psychological contract and addresses the impact of work values (autonomy, advancement, group orientation and economic rewards) and work locus of control (LOC). We propose that these individual characteristics could explain differences in the frequency with which newcomers search for information about the promises their employer has made to

Ans De Vos; Dirk Buyens; René Schalk

2005-01-01

3

Terminating the Employment Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter focuses on issues relating to termination of staff—something that is never pleasant but occasionally necessary.\\u000a With adequate preparation and clear understanding of the law at least the drama can be reduced to some extent. There is also\\u000a a more fundamental reason to make sure a termination is handled properly—labor disputes can be expensive for employers in\\u000a China. For

Chris Devonshire-Ellis; Andy Scott; Sam Woollard

4

EMPLOYMENT, JUSTICE, AND THE PSYCHOLOGICAL CONTRACT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The manuscript is a interdisciplinary collaboration between contract law, employment law and management scholars and draws from the fields of law, management, and psychology. One of the authors is currently Editor-in-Chief of the top-tier level ACADEMY OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL. Because of his nationally-recognized expertise, the survey and statistical analysis is of the highest order.\\u000aAfter reviewing and noting the gaps

Larry A DiMatteo; Robert Bird; Jason Colquitt

2011-01-01

5

Homemaking-role quality and the psychological well-being and distress of employed women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the quality of employed women's experience in the homemaking-role and its relationship to their psychological well-being and distress. The subjects (N=403) were drawn from a random stratified sample of women, ages 25 to 55, who were employed as social workers or licensed practical nurses. Positive homemaking-role experience was associated with increased psychological well-being and lowered psychological distress.

Nazli Kibria; Rosalind C. Barnett; Grace K. Baruch; Nancy L. Marshall; Joseph H. Pleck

1990-01-01

6

Experiences of Psychological and Physical Aggression in Adolescent Romantic Relationships: Links to Psychological Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This research examined links between adolescents' experiences of psychological and physical relationship aggression and their psychological distress. Experiences of psychological and physical aggression were expected to correlate positively with symptoms of psychological distress, but experiences of psychological aggression were…

Jouriles, Ernest N.; Garrido, Edward; Rosenfield, David; McDonald, Renee

2009-01-01

7

Mutuality and Reciprocity in the Psychological Contracts of Employees and Employers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors assessed the joint perceptions of the employee and his or her employer to examine mutuality and reciprocity in the employment relationship. Paired psychological contract reports were obtained from 80 employee-employer dyads in 16 university-based research centers. On the basis of in-depth study of the research setting, research directors were identified as primary agents for the university (employer) in

Guillermo E. Dabos; Denise M. Rousseau

2004-01-01

8

Psychological contracts: a network of relationships  

E-print Network

The focus of this dissertation is to gain a greater understanding of the individual psychological contract. It is proposed that by examining other specific exchange relationships (e.g., individual-supervisor, individual-co-worker) in addition...

Lopez, Yvette Paula

2009-05-15

9

The relationship of social support system and psychological health level for teenagers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to explore the relationship between social supporting system and psychological health of teenagers, we investigated the social supporting system and psychological health in Zhuzhou area.350 teenagers in this area were chosen as the subjects. Chinese Middle School Students Psychological Health Scale and Middle School Students' Social Support System Evaluating Scale was employed in our test. Results revealed that

Cheng-wen Fan; Li-ping Zhong

2011-01-01

10

What's a Good Job? The Importance of Employment Relationships. CPRN Study. Changing Employment Relationships Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Changing Employment Relationships Project examined the importance of good employment relationships for workers, employers, and public policy. A nationally representative sample of 2,500 employed Canadians was surveyed, and 8 focus groups were conducted. The research findings were analyzed to explain the multidimensional nature of the…

Lowe, Graham S.; Schellenberg, Grant

11

Employment Status, Psychological Well-Being, Social Support, and Physical Discipline Practices of Single Black Mothers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the effects of depressive symptomatology, parental stress, and instrumental support on maternal spanking. Results show that employment has a moderating effect on the relationship between mothers' psychological functioning and their decision to use spanking. The availability of instrumental support seems to increase the frequency of…

Jackson, Aurora P.; Gyamfi, Phyllis; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Blake, Mandy

1998-01-01

12

Psychological Abuse Among College Women in Exclusive Heterosexual Dating Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to identify possible predictors of psychological abuse in non-marital heterosexual romantic relationships. In attempting to predict who would self-identify as being psychologically abused, we investigated a number of variables including psychological abuse in past close relationships, psychological abuse within the family of origin, self-esteem, and characteristics of the current relationship, including seriousness and duration of the

Randolph B. Pipes; Karen LeBov-Keeler

1997-01-01

13

LIFE BEGINS AT THIRTY: TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN THE PSYCHOLOGY OF AGING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Possibilities for employment opportunities related to aging are reviewed for four areas of professional psychology: clinical and counseling psychology, education, human factors engineering and ecological psychology, and teaching and research. Some reasons for the slow development of opportunities for employment in the field of psychology of aging are identified and discussed.

James L. Fozard

1978-01-01

14

PSYCHOLOGY 407: ATTACHMENT THEORY AND RELATIONSHIPS Spring 2014  

E-print Network

will be introduced. In addition attachment and romantic and marital relationships1 PSYCHOLOGY 407: ATTACHMENT THEORY AND RELATIONSHIPS Spring 2014 Mondays, 12 relationships, personality processes, and emotional dynamics. The theory has gained

Lockery, Shawn

15

20 CFR 725.493 - Employment relationship defined.  

...existence of an employment relationship. Thus, the Department...paragraph contains examples of relationships that shall be considered employment relationships for purposes of this part...was a subsidiary of a parent company, a member...

2014-04-01

16

20 CFR 725.493 - Employment relationship defined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...existence of an employment relationship. Thus, the Department...paragraph contains examples of relationships that shall be considered employment relationships for purposes of this part...was a subsidiary of a parent company, a member...

2011-04-01

17

20 CFR 725.493 - Employment relationship defined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...existence of an employment relationship. Thus, the Department...paragraph contains examples of relationships that shall be considered employment relationships for purposes of this part...was a subsidiary of a parent company, a member...

2012-04-01

18

20 CFR 725.493 - Employment relationship defined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...existence of an employment relationship. Thus, the Department...paragraph contains examples of relationships that shall be considered employment relationships for purposes of this part...was a subsidiary of a parent company, a member...

2010-04-01

19

20 CFR 725.493 - Employment relationship defined.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...existence of an employment relationship. Thus, the Department...paragraph contains examples of relationships that shall be considered employment relationships for purposes of this part...was a subsidiary of a parent company, a member...

2013-04-01

20

Psychological Abuse among College Women in Exclusive Heterosexual Dating Relationship.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies possible predictors of psychological abuse in nonmarital heterosexual romantic relationships. Responses from 175 undergraduate women reveal 11% claiming psychological abuse as well as more instances of partner behaviors characteristic of psychological abuse. Abused individuals were more likely to have lower self-esteem, had parents'…

Pipes, Randolph B.; LeBov-Keeler, Karen

1997-01-01

21

29 CFR 801.8 - Employment relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...restrictions apply to State Employment Services, private employment placement agencies, job recruiting firms, and vocational trade schools with respect to persons who may be referred to potential employers. Such entities are not liable for EPPA...

2010-07-01

22

29 CFR 801.8 - Employment relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...restrictions apply to State Employment Services, private employment placement agencies, job recruiting firms, and vocational trade schools with respect to persons who may be referred to potential employers. Such entities are not liable for EPPA...

2012-07-01

23

29 CFR 801.8 - Employment relationship.  

...restrictions apply to State Employment Services, private employment placement agencies, job recruiting firms, and vocational trade schools with respect to persons who may be referred to potential employers. Such entities are not liable for EPPA...

2014-07-01

24

29 CFR 801.8 - Employment relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...restrictions apply to State Employment Services, private employment placement agencies, job recruiting firms, and vocational trade schools with respect to persons who may be referred to potential employers. Such entities are not liable for EPPA...

2011-07-01

25

29 CFR 801.8 - Employment relationship.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...restrictions apply to State Employment Services, private employment placement agencies, job recruiting firms, and vocational trade schools with respect to persons who may be referred to potential employers. Such entities are not liable for EPPA...

2013-07-01

26

Role Overload, Job Satisfaction, Leisure Satisfaction, and Psychological Health among Employed Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Role overload, job satisfaction, leisure satisfaction, and psychological health were measured for 155 women who were employed full time. Role overload was negatively correlated with psychological health, job satisfaction, and leisure satisfaction. Job satisfaction and leisure satisfaction were positively correlated with psychological health.…

Pearson, Quinn M.

2008-01-01

27

The relationship between psychological skills usage and competitive anxiety responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To investigate equivocal findings within the literature addressing the relationship between competitive anxiety responses and psychological skills. Intensity (i.e. level) and direction (i.e. interpretation of intensity as facilitative or debilitative) dimensions of competitive state anxiety and self-confidence were examined in performers with different levels of psychological skills usage.Design. Cross-sectional design assessing psychological constructs during competition. The independent variable was

David Fletcher; Sheldon Hanton

2001-01-01

28

Potential effects of psychological reactant consumers on relationships marketing programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This conceptual article presents the current criticisms to relationship marketing and important concepts developed in the psychology to understand consumer reactance toward services packaged as formal contracts. A first part presents the numerous questions that researches are raising about the willingness of people to commit to services. A second part shows that psychological reactance, already studied in the context of

Denis Darpy; Isabelle Prim-Allaz

2006-01-01

29

NEW PERSPECTIVES ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CLINICAL AND COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COUNSELING AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY IS DISCUSSED IN THE LIGHT OF NEW SOCIAL FORCES, SUCH AS THE COMMUNITY MENTAL HEALTH MOVEMENT, WHICH ARE RAPIDLY RESHAPING TRADITIONAL ROLES AND FUNCTIONS IN THESE 2 DISCIPLINES. THE CURRENT TRENDS SEEM TO POINT TOWARD INCREASINGLY GREATER SIMILARITY BETWEEN THE 2 PROFESSIONS. THE TRADITIONAL MODEL OF BOTH COUNSELING AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY IS TOO

ARNOLD H. CHIN

1967-01-01

30

Do HRD Investment Strategies Pay? Exploring the Relationship between Lifelong Learning and Psychological Contracts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A four-year study of a Scottish manufacturer's employee lifelong learning program discovered a positive relationship between the program and employee perceptions of careers, fairness, and the long-term "psychological contract." Due to reduction in the employer's commitment to job security, employees were beginning to view the program as an aid to…

Martin, Graeme; Pate, Judy; McGoldrick, Jim

1999-01-01

31

Theme 5: Legal regulation of the employment relationship Making employment rights effective  

E-print Network

Theme 5: Legal regulation of the employment relationship Making employment rights effective Linda Dickens continues work on the project now called `Making Employment Rights Effective', indicated in last year's report. The starting point is the enormous expansion of individual employment rights

Davies, Christopher

32

Psychological Intimacy in the Lasting Relationships of Heterosexual and Same-Gender Couples  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research focused on the meaning of psychological intimacy to partners in heterosexual and same-gender relationships that have lasted for an average of 30 years. In-depth interviews were used to explore the meaning of intimacy to 216 partners in 108 relationships. The participants were whites, blacks, and Mexican-Americans, with Catholic, Jewish, and Protestant religious backgrounds; they were employed in both

Richard A. Mackey; Matthew A. Diemer; Bernard A. O'Brien

2000-01-01

33

Integrating Health and Vocational Psychology: HIV and Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article introduces the Major Contribution on integrating health and vocational psychology, using persons with HIV who have work-related concerns as an example. The authors describe the demographics associated with HIV disease and new treatments that have allowed people with HIV to remain healthy and continue working, or consider returning to…

Werth, James L., Jr.; Borges, Nicole J.; McNally, Christopher J.; Maguire, Colleen P.; Britton, Paula J.

2008-01-01

34

Relationship between employment setting and job satisfaction among CRC personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The exploration of job satisfaction among rehabilitation counselors is not a new undertaking, but few studies have evaluated this construct across a full array of professional employment contexts. This investigation explores employment settings of rehabilitation counselors and their relationship to both job satisfaction and intentions to quit. The results revealed that employment setting does influence job satisfaction and retention for

Amy J. Armstrong; Carolyn E. Hawley; Allen N. Lewis; A. Pugsley

35

Modeling time-lagged reciprocal psychological empowerment-performance relationships.  

PubMed

Employee psychological empowerment is widely accepted as a means for organizations to compete in increasingly dynamic environments. Previous empirical research and meta-analyses have demonstrated that employee psychological empowerment is positively related to several attitudinal and behavioral outcomes including job performance. While this research positions psychological empowerment as an antecedent influencing such outcomes, a close examination of the literature reveals that this relationship is primarily based on cross-sectional research. Notably, evidence supporting the presumed benefits of empowerment has failed to account for potential reciprocal relationships and endogeneity effects. Accordingly, using a multiwave, time-lagged design, we model reciprocal relationships between psychological empowerment and job performance using a sample of 441 nurses from 5 hospitals. Incorporating temporal effects in a staggered research design and using structural equation modeling techniques, our findings provide support for the conventional positive correlation between empowerment and subsequent performance. Moreover, accounting for the temporal stability of variables over time, we found support for empowerment levels as positive influences on subsequent changes in performance. Finally, we also found support for the reciprocal relationship, as performance levels were shown to relate positively to changes in empowerment over time. Theoretical and practical implications of the reciprocal psychological empowerment-performance relationships are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25111249

Maynard, M Travis; Luciano, Margaret M; D'Innocenzo, Lauren; Mathieu, John E; Dean, Matthew D

2014-11-01

36

Mental Health and Business Professionals’ Employment-Related Perceptions of Individuals with Psychological Disorders.  

E-print Network

??Mental health and business professionals’ employment-related perceptions of 6 psychological disorders (i.e. alcoholism, insomnia, major depression, social phobia, post- traumatic stress disorder, obesity) were examined.… (more)

Mock, Kevan

2008-01-01

37

Job strain and psychological distress among employed pregnant Thai women: role of social support and coping strategies.  

PubMed

Most Thai women continue to work throughout their pregnancy; however, little is known about job strain and its relation to psychological distress. This study aimed to examine: (1) the direct effects of job strain, perceived workplace support, perceived family support, and coping strategies on psychological distress and (2) the moderating effect of perceived workplace support, perceived family support, and coping strategies on the relationship between job strain and psychological distress. Lazarus and Folkman's transactional model of stress and coping guided this cross-sectional study. Full-time employed pregnant women (N?=?300) were recruited from three antenatal clinics in Thailand. Thai versions of the following instruments were used: the State-Anxiety Inventory and Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (psychological distress), the Job Content Questionnaire (job strain and perceived workplace support), the Medical Outcome Study Social Support Survey (perceived family support), and the Ways of Coping Checklist-Revised (coping strategies). Job strain with other predictors explained 54% of the variance in psychological distress. In the separate hierarchical multiple linear regression models, two types of coping strategies, seeking social support and wishful thinking, moderated the effects of job strain on psychological distress. Perceived family support had a direct effect in reducing psychological distress. Job strain is a significant contributor to psychological distress. The average levels of seeking social support and wishful thinking were most beneficial in moderating the negative impact of job strain on psychological distress. Since perceived workplace and family support did not have moderating effects, stress management programs for decreasing the levels of job strain should be developed. PMID:24414302

Sanguanklin, Natthananporn; McFarlin, Barbara L; Finnegan, Lorna; Park, Chang Gi; Giurgescu, Carmen; White-Traut, Rosemary; Engstrom, Janet L

2014-08-01

38

[Psychology of relationships as a theoretical concept in medical psychology and psychotherapy].  

PubMed

The theoretical concept called "psychology of relations" (A. F. Lazursky, V. N. Myasishchev) is offered as the basis for a study of a patient's personality and psychotherapy. The author stresses ideological relationship of psychology of relations with phylosophy of dialectical materialism and I. P. Pavlov's studies about conditioned reflexes, its relationship with clinical psychoneurology, its direction to a study of the personality and adherence to primacy of consciousness over unconciousness. The perspectiveness of the evolutionally ontogenetic approach to the analysis of the system of relations and necessity to elaborate working systematizations determined by the research purpose, is stated. PMID:602558

Lichko, A E

1977-01-01

39

Social Change and the Relationships between Education and Employment  

PubMed Central

The relationships between education and employment have long been of interest to social scientists. During the transition from a completely agricultural economy to one that is developing nonfarm opportunities, however, the relationships between education and employment may dramatically change. We examine how two components of education—schooling enrollment and attainment—affect the transition to employment for men and women in the Chitwan Valley of Nepal. Using discrete-time event history models, we find that school enrollment tends to delay employment, while school attainment accelerates employment. We also test how these effects may have changed across successive cohorts. Over time, the effects of enrollment have become stronger, while the effects of attainment appear to have weakened. These shifts in the nature of education may be related to increasing conflict between student and employee roles, as well as changes in the types and availability of employment. PMID:21461188

Schlabach, Sarah

2011-01-01

40

Dual Support in Contract Workers' Triangular Employment Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the interplay between perceived investment in contract worker development by the "client" organization and contract workers' perceived organizational support from their temporary employment "agency." A study among 2021 contract workers from three temporary employment agencies in Norway showed that the relationships between…

Buch, Robert; Kuvaas, Bard; Dysvik, Anders

2010-01-01

41

Relationships between alexithymia and psychological characteristics associated with eating disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the relationships between alexithymia and psychological characteristics and behaviors that are commonly associated with eating disorders. The 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) were administered to a group of 48 female patients with anorexia nervosa, a matched comparison group of 30 normal women, and an unmatched comparison group of 116 male and

Graeme J. Taylor; James D. A. Parker; R. Michael Bagby; Michael P. Bourke

1996-01-01

42

Parent-child relationships, parental psychological control, and aggression: maternal and paternal relationships.  

PubMed

Few studies have examined both maternal and paternal parenting practices in the prediction of child outcomes despite evidence that underscores the salience of fathers throughout their children's development. This study examined the role of the quality of mother-child and father-child relationships in buffering the influence of ineffective parenting practices on subsequent adolescent aggression. Measures of parental psychological control, the quality of the parent-child relationship, and youth aggressive behavior were completed by 163 (49 % female) mostly White and Asian adolescents and their parents during the eighth and ninth grades. Paternal psychological control predicted aggression when adolescents perceived low-quality relationships with their mothers. Similarly, maternal psychological control predicted aggression when adolescents perceived low-quality relationships with their fathers. Maternal psychological control was also associated with lower levels of aggression among adolescent males who reported a high-quality relationship with their father. These findings indicate that, when one parent exerts psychological control, the low-quality relationship the adolescent shares with the opposite gender parent increases risk for adolescent aggression. The findings also suggest that, as mothers exert psychological control, the high-quality parent-child relationship a son shares with his father decreases risk for adolescent aggression. PMID:24072564

Murray, Kantahyanee W; Dwyer, Kathleen M; Rubin, Kenneth H; Knighton-Wisor, Sarah; Booth-LaForce, Cathryn

2014-08-01

43

Negative Thinking versus Positive Thinking in a Singaporean Student Sample: Relationships with Psychological Well-Being and Psychological Maladjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationships of positive thinking versus negative thinking with psychological well-being and psychological maladjustment. Three hundred and ninety-eight undergraduate students from Singapore participated in this study. First, positive thinking were positively correlated with indicators psychological well-being--life…

Wong, Shyh Shin

2012-01-01

44

Overestimating Oneself and Overlooking the Law: Psychological Supports for Employment at Will  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article studies the hypotheses that people tend to underrate other people's work motivation and skills relative to their own, and further tend to be unaware of the legal status of employment at will in contemporary U.S. law. The theoretical part of the article describes psychological bases for the hypothesized tendencies and explains how they can be expected to foster

Wayne Eastman

1997-01-01

45

Pre-Employment Psychological Evaluation as a Predictor of Correction Officer Job Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Correctional officers, often subject to sustained job stress and ambiguity, must possess adequate coping skills to deal with a hostile clientele. Psychological screening, therefore, assumes an important role in correctional officer recruitment. Prior to a recruitment drive, 650 employed correctional officers completed an MMPI and a biographical…

Inwald, Robin E.; And Others

46

Psychological factors related to re-employment of discharged war veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discharged war veterans with neuropsychiatric problems and others with less serious problems will be difficult for employers to handle. Industrial psychologists must adequately select and place these veterans to insure maximum satisfaction and performance on the job. In addition to aptitude testing, this involves a detailed inspection of job analyses (including social-psychological factors which influence feelings of pleasure and satisfaction

N. E. Drought

1944-01-01

47

Higher Education Scale and Employment Relationship in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews Chinese management research since its beginning more than thirty years ago. It then discusses the possible interplay between higher education scale and employment relationship, and suggests that it is time to take the road less traveled rather than to over-travel the more popular road. We conclude that the practice will prove…

Zhao, Gui-zhi

2009-01-01

48

Relationships Among Sleepiness, Sleep Time, and Psychological Functioning in Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Objective?This study examined associations among adolescent sleepiness, sleep duration, variability in sleep duration, and psychological functioning (symptoms of anxiety, depression, externalizing behaviors, and perceived health).?Methods?This was a cross-sectional analysis of data from a community-based cohort study of sleep and health. Participants were 247 adolescents (48.6% female, 54.3% ethnic minority, mean age of 13.7 years). Sleep duration and variability in sleep duration were measured by actigraphy and sleepiness was measured by adolescent questionnaire. Primary outcomes were measured by parent, teacher, and adolescent questionnaires.?Results?Sleepiness was associated with higher scores on measures of anxiety (Adjusted partial r2 = .28, p < .001), depression (Adjusted partial r2 = .23, p < .001), and perceived health (indicating more negative outcomes) (Adjusted partial r2 = .19, p < .01). Significant associations between sleep duration or variability in sleep duration with psychological variables were not found.?Conclusions?Findings highlight the inter-relationships between sleepiness and psychological functioning and the potential importance of addressing sleepiness in health and psychological evaluations of adolescents. PMID:19494088

Kirchner, H. Lester; Drotar, Dennis; Johnson, Nathan; Rosen, Carol; Ancoli-Israel, Sonia; Redline, Susan

2009-01-01

49

Individualism, collectivism, selected personality traits, and psychological contract in employment : A comparative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study seeks to examine the relationship between individual's cultural values of individualism, collectivism, selected personality traits and the psychological contracts they tend to form. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Surveys were used to collect data from China and US sample sets. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to explore the impact of selected cultural values and personality traits on individuals' tendency

Jun Zhao; Lijun Chen

2008-01-01

50

Potential effects of psychological reactance and relationship proneness on relationships marketing programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This conceptual article presents the current criticisms to relationship marketing and important concepts developed in marketing and psychology to understand consumer reactance toward services packaged as formal contracts. A first part presents the numerous questions that researches are raising about the willingness of people to commit to services and presents four key variables to understand the customer's willingness to enter

Denis Darpy; Isabelle Prim-Allaz

2008-01-01

51

The Consequences of Perpetrating Psychological Aggression in Dating Relationships: A Descriptive Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological aggression is the most prevalent form of aggression in dating relationships, with women perpetrating as much, if not more, psychological aggression than men. Researchers have advocated for an examination of the consequences that follow psychological aggression for the perpetrator, in hopes that this will lead to innovative…

Shorey, Ryan C.; Temple, Jeff R.; Febres, Jeniimarie; Brasfield, Hope; Sherman, Amanda E.; Stuart, Gregory L.

2012-01-01

52

A meta-analysis of the relationship of child sexual abuse to adult psychological adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on meta-analyses of the relations of child sexual abuse to adult psychological adjustment. Results indicated statistically significant relationships between the experience of child sexual abuse and subsequent difficulties in psychological adjustment as measured by psychological symptomatology, depression, and self-esteem. Significant heterogeneity occurred across studies using a variety of different subject populations, research designs, and assessment methods. Some

Shan A. Jumper

1995-01-01

53

Mentor Relationships in Clinical Psychology Doctoral Training: Results of a National Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a contemporary picture of mentor relationships in clinical psychology, focusing on 787 survey respondents who were U.S. members or associates of the American Psychological Association and graduated with a PhD or PsyD in clinical psychology in 1994, 1995, or 1996. Presents the results and discusses implications for graduate education. (CMK)

Clark, Richard A.; Harden, Sherry L.; Johnson, W. Brad

2000-01-01

54

Relationship of life events and social support with psychological dysfunction among adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships among major life events, perceived social support, and psychological disorder were assessed in a sample of older adolescents. Negative life events and satisfaction with social support were significantly and independently related to a range of psychological symptoms. Further, the relationship between negative events and disorder was moderated by gender, the types of events experienced, and anticipated change in the

Bruce E. Compas; Lesley A. Slavin; Barry M. Wagner; Kathryn Vannatta

1986-01-01

55

Do Basic Psychological Needs Moderate Relationships Within the Theory of Planned Behavior?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of basic psychological need satisfaction from the self-determination theory on relationships within the theory of planned behavior (TPB) were examined in a prospective study. It was hypothesized that need satisfaction would moderate the relationship between intention and behavior and between intention and its proximal determinants. Participants (n = 250) completed measures of the TPB and psychological need satisfaction

Jemma Harris; Martin S. Hagger

2007-01-01

56

Relationships among Abuse Characteristics, Coping Strategies, and Abused Women's Psychological Health: A Path Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined relationships between abuse, coping, and psychological health among 143 women who had experienced abuse in adult relationships. Measures included characteristics of the abuse, problem-focused and emotion-focused coping, Sense of Coherence, and four measures of psychological wellbeing--the SF-36 Mental Component Scale, the General…

Parker, Glennys; Lee, Christina

2007-01-01

57

Crowd Psychology Simulation Incorporating Psychometrics and Intervention of Relationship Spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer simulation is a promising approach to better understand the crowd psychological dynamics. The lack of real data in crowd simulations, however, usually results in heavy dependence on assumptions, and thus hampers the confidence. This paper presents our work on the simulation of crowds under confrontation of psychological stimuli. This paper focuses on the psychological aspect of the crowd and

Bonan Hou; Bing Wang; Yiping Yao; Dongsheng Liao; Jifeng Liu

2009-01-01

58

Relationship between Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components with Psychological Distress  

PubMed Central

Background. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and psychological distress are hypothesized to have a bidirectional relationship. According to their high prevalence in most populations, appraisal of this theory would be of great clinical and research interest. Methods. Data were available as part of the Isfahan Healthy Heart Program (IHHP). A total of 9553 men and women aged ?19 years from three counties in central Iran were selected. Measurements consisted of serologic tests, anthropometrics, and self-reported 12-item general health questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was used to find the association between MetS, MetS components, and distress level. Results. The mean age of 9553 participants (50% male) was 38.7 ± 15.8 years. After adjusting for demographic factors, MetS (OR = 1.25, 95% CI: 1.01–1.37), central obesity (OR = 1.40, 95% CI: 1.15–1.49), and hypertension (OR = 1.55, 95% CI: 1.42–1.70) were associated with high distress level. However, after adding smoking status and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol to the adjustment factors, hypertension (OR = 1.79, 95% CI: 1.53–1.98) and central obesity (OR = 1.41, 95% CI: 1.17–1.55), but not the MetS, remained significantly associated with distress level. Conclusion. The presence of association between the MetS as well as its key components and high distress level signifies the importance of integrating psychological assessment and intervention in the standard management of MetS patients. PMID:24672543

Sadeghi, Masoumeh; Naghnaeian, Mina; Ahmadi, Abdollah; Sarrafzadegan, Nizal

2014-01-01

59

Health Psychology Psychology 320  

E-print Network

1 Health Psychology Psychology 320 Zaje Harrell, Ph.D. Spring 2011 134B Psychology Building Tu/Th 8: TBA Course Overview Health psychology is the field of psychology focused on the biological, psychological, and social factors that interact in relationship to health and well being. Health psychologists

Liu, Taosheng

60

The Relationship among Self-Report and Measured Report of Psychological Abuse, and Depression for a Sample of Women Involved in Intimate Relationships with Male Partners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationship between level of depression and level of psychological abuse in women. In addition, the relationship between the use of self-report and measured report of psychological abuse within an intimate relationship was assessed. One hundred women were surveyed using the Psychological Maltreatment of Women Inventory…

Kelly, Virginia; Warner, Kelly; Trahan, Courtenay; Miscavage, Karen

2009-01-01

61

Exchange Relationships: Examining Psychological Contracts and Perceived Organizational Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors surveyed 347 public sector employees on 4 measurement occasions to investigate the conceptual distinctiveness of the psychological contract and perceived organizational support (POS) and how they are associated over time. Results support the distinctiveness of the 2 concepts. In terms of their interrelationships over time, by drawing on psychological contract theory the authors found little support for a

Jacqueline A. M. Coyle-Shapiro; Neil Conway

2005-01-01

62

Attachment Relationships and Psychological Adjustment of Married Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study explored relations among remembered parental (paternal and maternal) acceptance in childhood, spouse acceptance and psychological adjustment of adults. It also explored whether remembered childhood experiences of parental acceptance mediate the relation between perceived spouse acceptance and psychological adjustment. The sample…

Khaleque, Abdul; Shirin, Anjuman; Uddin, Muhammad Kamal

2013-01-01

63

Age Effects on the Employability--Career Success Relationship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the similarity of the factor structure for self-reported versus supervisor-rated employability for two age groups of workers, and then validated a career success enhancing model of employability across the two age groups. The results confirmed a two-factor model including self-reported and supervisor-rated employability as…

Van der Heijden, Beatrice I. J. M.; de Lange, Annet H.; Demerouti, Evangelia; Van der Heijde, Claudia M.

2009-01-01

64

Relationships between Ethnic Minority Psychological Associations and Counseling Psychology: Three New Frameworks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this rejoinder the authors respond to the three reactions to the major contribution, "Ethnic Minority Psychological Associations: Connections to Counseling Psychology," provided by Chung and Wu, Neville, Flores, and Dobson, and Yakushko, Wang, and Warrior. In their thoughtful reactions, these current and past leaders of the Society of…

Forrest, Linda; Lau, Michael Y.; Delgado-Romero, Edward A.

2012-01-01

65

Physical and psychological aggression in dating relationships in Spanish university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presence of violent behaviors of a psychological and physical nature in dating relations was analy- zed in a sample of Spanish university students between 18 and 27 years of age. The results indicate a high prevalence of both kinds of aggression in interpersonal relationships, revealing important typo- logy differences between the sexes. Violent psychological behaviors (characterized by the presence

Marina J. Muñoz-Rivas; José Luis Graña Gómez; K. Daniel O'Leary; Pilar González Lozano

2007-01-01

66

Behavioral and Psychological Differences Among Abused Women Who Use Violence in Intimate Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines behavioral and psychological differences among women who used violence in four types of relationships. Nearly all of the women experienced physical abuse from their male partners. Types were compared on the extent of childhood abuse experienced, use of avoidance coping, anger, motivations for using violence, injuries, psychological symptoms, and alcohol use. Women in the Victim type (the

SUZANNE C. SWAN; DAVID L. SNOW

2003-01-01

67

The Relationship of Factors of Academic Success and Psychological Well-Being for College Honors Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scope and Method of Study: This study was concerned with perceptions of academic facilitators, academic obstacles, and psychological well-being of college honors students. Differences in the way factors of academic success are perceived, and the relationship these perceptions have with psychological well-being were examined. College honors…

Walker, Mary

2012-01-01

68

Complex genetic and environmental relationships between psychological distress, fatigue and immune functioning: a twin study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Although there is considerable support for adverse relationships between states of psychological and somatic distress and immune response, there is little evidence in humans of the relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors. Methods. This study utilized a twin methodology to examine the interplay between psychological distress, fatigue and immune function. We recorded a number of measures of distress,

I. HICKIE; B. BENNETT; A. LLOYD; A. HEATH; N. MARTIN

1999-01-01

69

The Relationship of Psychological Type and Attraction to Group in a Growth Group Setting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the extent to which psychological type is related to attraction to group during the growth group's development, and the pattern of attraction. Found personality factors influenced group process, but a general lack of relationship existed between psychological type and attraction to group. (Author/JAC)

Evans, Nancy J.

1982-01-01

70

The Relationship between Psychological Dysfunction and Sexuality within a Marital Context. Report on a Literature Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A literature study was conducted to highlight the relationship between psychological dysfunction and sexuality within a marital context. The research reviewed suggests that women report more psychological symptoms, in particular depression, than do men. The husband's personality and functioning appeared to determine the level of marital…

Schonnesson, Lena Nilsson

71

Managing relationships across generations of academics : Psychological contracts in faculty-doctoral student collaborations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to apply psychological contract theory to the study of faculty-doctoral student collaborations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Through a survey of 170 doctoral students, four types of psychological contracts were investigated and reliable measures of relationship quality were developed. Findings – The results showed that the quality of collaborations differ significantly across the four contract

Kimberly A. Wade-Benzoni; Denise M. Rousseau; Min Li

2006-01-01

72

Ending versus controlling versus employing addiction in the tobacco-caused disease endgame: moral psychological perspectives.  

PubMed

Even though interest in reducing or eliminating tobacco-caused diseases is a common goal in tobacco control, many experts hold different views on addiction as a target of intervention. Some consider tobacco-caused addiction as a tobacco-caused disease to be eliminated alongside the other diseases. Some consider tobacco-caused addiction as a much lower priority disease to be eliminated, and a subset of this group is prepared to employ addiction to tobacco (nicotine) as a tool to reduce other tobacco-caused disease. These varying attitudes towards ending, controlling or employing tobacco addiction to reduce damage from tobacco use constitute quite different approaches to tobacco control and cause conflict among those in tobacco control. Moral psychological analyses argue that there is more than scientific evidence involved in supporting this continuum of approaches. Divergent values also influence positions in tobacco control. Attention to these values as well as the scientific evidence should be included in policy and practice in tobacco control. It is not that one constellation of values is necessarily superior, but debates need to be informed by and engage discussions of these values as well as the scientific evidence. PMID:23591503

Kozlowski, Lynn T

2013-05-01

73

Temporary Agency Work, the Changing Employment Relationship and its Impact on Human Resource Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing use of temporary agency work in Germany has implications for the nature of the employment relationship. The notion of a clearly defined employer-employee relationship becomes difficult to uphold in triangular relationships like in the case of temporary agency work where the agencies employees are working at the site of the client company. The blurring of the boundaries of

Lars W. Mitlacher

2005-01-01

74

Employment and women's health: an analysis of causal relationships.  

PubMed

Housewives report more chronic illness than employed women, and housewives are more likely than employed women to rate their health as poor or fair. Poor health can deter a woman from seeking or keeping a job, and this appears to be one important reason why poor health is reported more frequently by housewives than by employed women. The differences between housewives and employed women in self-reported health do not appear to be due to differences in marital status, race, or education. The available data do not provide an adequate basis for estimating the overall effects of employment on women's health in the contemporary United States. Women in certain jobs are exposed to serious occupational hazards including carcinogens, cotton dust, and infectious agents. Employment may result in increased stress for certain groups of women, but decreased stress for other groups, such as women who are employed part-time. Increased social contact and social support on the job may reduce the risk of illness for employed women. The net effect of employment on women's health appears to vary, depending on the type of job, and probably also on the woman's family situation. PMID:7419313

Waldron, I

1980-01-01

75

The Relationship of Placement Credentials to Employment of College Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research analyzes placement credentials of 64 employed and 64 non-employed college graduates who had used the same campus placement center. The study indicates that the variables of academic performance, biographical data and age are potent predictors in the current job market. The variables of work experience, personal recommendations, and…

Hurd, Stephen B.; And Others

76

Mother knows best? Inhibitory maternal gatekeeping, psychological control, and the mother-adolescent relationship.  

PubMed

We used structural equation modeling to explore associations between inhibitory maternal gatekeeping attitudes, reports of inhibitory maternal gatekeeping behaviors, maternal psychological control, observed mother-adolescent warmth, and adolescent reports of maternal involvement. Our random stratified sample consisted of 315 mothers and their adolescents. Results revealed that inhibitory maternal gatekeeping attitudes were positively associated with reports of inhibitory gatekeeping behaviors. Psychological control fully mediated the relationship between inhibitory gatekeeping attitudes, reports of inhibitory gatekeeping behaviors, and adolescent reports of maternal involvement. Though gatekeeping attitudes and behaviors were not associated with observed mother-adolescent warmth, psychological control was negatively associated with observed mother-adolescent warmth. Thus, although prior research emphasized the negative effects of inhibitory gatekeeping on father-child relationships, the present research elucidates that in conjunction with psychological control, inhibitory gatekeeping negatively influences the mother-adolescent relationship. All findings are discussed in the context of family systems theory. PMID:23228362

Holmes, Erin Kramer; Dunn, KayLee C; Harper, James; Dyer, W Justin; Day, Randal D

2013-02-01

77

Labour Market Interventions as Predictors of Re-employment, Job Seeking Activity and Psychological Distress among the Unemployed.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finnish job seekers (n=559) were followed up after 1 year (n=401) after 84.3% participated in guidance courses, subsidized employment, vocational training, or some combination. Guidance courses enhanced reemployment. None of the interventions increased job-seeking activity. Training temporarily decreased psychological distress. Deteriorating…

Vuori, Jukka; Vesalainen, Janne

1999-01-01

78

Relationship Violence and Psychological Distress Among Low-income Urban Women  

PubMed Central

In this paper, we examined the association between relationship violence and psychological distress among low-income urban women. Extending prior research, we considered the effects of relationship violence within the context of other chronic stressors that are common in the lives of these women. Using data from the Welfare, Children, and Families project (1999), a probability sample of 2,402 low-income women with children living in low-income neighborhoods in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio, we predicted psychological distress with multiple measures of relationship violence, a wide range of sociodemographic variables, and several chronic stressors. Our results show that relationship violence is associated with higher levels of economic hardship, neighborhood disorder, and household disrepair. We also find that relationship violence is associated with higher levels of psychological distress, net of these other chronic stressors. Finally, we observe that the effects of relationship violence do not vary according to the chronic stressors under study. Because the adverse effects of relationship violence are similar for women despite other adverse circumstances, interventions and treatment efforts focused exclusively on relationship violence may make a unique contribution to the psychological well-being of low-income urban women. PMID:17457676

Mossakowski, Krysia N.; Angel, Ronald J.

2007-01-01

79

Relationship of Life Events and Social Support with Psychological Dysfunction Among Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relationships among major life events, perceived social support, and psychological disorder were assessed in a sample of older adolescents. Results showed that the relationship between negative events and disorders was moderated by gender, the types of events experienced, and anticipated change in the psychosocial environment. (Author/JAZ)

Compas, Bruce E.; And Others

1986-01-01

80

Learning Styles and the Relationship to Attachment Styles and Psychological Symptoms in College Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined relationships between specific learning styles, attachment styles and psychological symptoms in a sample of female college students (N=246). The participants in this study were assessed on the above variables through completion of several self-report instruments measuring these variables. Significant relationships between…

Vaughn, Lisa M.; Battle, Julie V.; Taylor, Trisha; Dearman, Laura

2009-01-01

81

Social Class as Moderator of the Relationship between (Dis)Empowering Processes and Psychological Empowerment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether social class moderated the relationship between empowering and disempowering processes and psychological empowerment (PE) in a sample of individuals from five community organizing initiatives (N=490). Hierarchical regression analyses were used to test the relationship between community participation (CP) and alienation…

Christens, Brian D.; Speer, Paul W.; Peterson, N. Andrew

2011-01-01

82

Work and Relationship: Is Vocational Psychology on the Eve of Construction?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In proposing a "work and relationship" perspective for vocational psychology, Richardson builds on a rich intellectual (social constructionist) tradition and offers incisive social commentary. In this reaction, the author examines several of her foci--in particular, the four-part division of life's social contexts, her views on relationships, and…

Lent, Robert W.

2012-01-01

83

Relational Aggression in Peer and Dating Relationships: Links to Psychological and Behavioral Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We examined the contribution of relational aggression in adolescents' peer and dating relationships to their psychological and behavioral adjustment. In the Fall and again four months later, 1279 (646 female) grade 9 students reported on relational aggression perpetration and victimization in their romantic and peer relationships,…

Ellis, Wendy E.; Crooks, Claire V.; Wolfe, David A.

2009-01-01

84

The Validity of the California Psychological Inventory in the Prediction of Police Officer Applicants Suitability for Employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explores the relationship between the California Psychological Inventory Suitability Risk Levels (Roberts and Johnson, 2001) and police applicant suitability as determined by background investigators during the preemployment selection process. The CPI Suitability Risk Levels are numerical probabilities indicating the likelihood that an individual will be rated “poorly suited” by expert screening psychologists, terminated after being hired, or found

Casey O. Stewart

2008-01-01

85

Psychological contract types as moderator in the breach-violation and violation-burnout relationships.  

PubMed

This research examined the relationships between perceived psychological contract breach, felt violation, and burnout in a sample (n = 361) of employees from various organizations in Pakistan. The moderating role of contract types in these relationships was also tested. Findings supported a positive association between perceived psychological contract breach and felt violation and both were positively related to burnout. Transactional and relational contracts moderated the felt violation-burnout relationship. Scores on relational contract type tended to be higher than for transactional contract type showing some contextual influence. PMID:24003592

Jamil, Amber; Raja, Usman; Darr, Wendy

2013-01-01

86

Relationships between Mothers' Employment and Nutritional Quality of Adolescents' Diets.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nutrient intakes and meal patterns of 123 adolescents with employed mothers were compared with those of 88 adolescents with nonemployed mothers. The 24-hour food records indicated few differences between the two groups of adolescents in total nutrient intakes or in intakes at breakfast, the evening meal, or snacks. (Author/CT)

Skinner, Jean D.; And Others

1985-01-01

87

Labor market reforms, job instability, and the flexibility of the employment relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

We endogenize separation in a search model of the labor market and allow for bargaining over the continuation of employment relationships following productivity shocks to take place under asymmetric information. In such a setting separation may occur even if continuation of the employment relationship is privately efficient for workers and firms. We show that reductions in the cost of separation,

Niko Matouschek; Paolo Ramezzana; Frédéric Robert-Nicoud

2009-01-01

88

Labor Market Reforms, Job Instability, and the Flexibility of the Employment Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

We endogenize separation in a search model of the labor market and allow for bargaining over the continuation of employment relationships following productivity shocks to take place under asymmetric information. In such a setting separation may occur even if continuation of the employment relationship is privately efficient for workers and firms. We show that reductions in the cost of separation,

Niko Matouschek; P Ramezzana; Frédéric Robert-Nicoud

2008-01-01

89

Wives' Off-Farm Employment, Farm Family Economic Status, and Family Relationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined farm families with and without employed wife on economic and relationship status. Data from 1,067 farm spouses revealed that, compared to families with nonemployed wives, families with employed wives had higher debt loads, wives who worked longer hours in all production, wives who were less satisfied with marital relationship, and…

Godwin, Deborah D.; And Others

1991-01-01

90

Burnout in elite rugby: Relationships with basic psychological needs fulfilment  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we examined the utility of self-determination theory (Ryan & Deci, 2002) as a framework for understanding the antecedents of athlete burnout in elite New Zealand rugby union players (n=133). Perceptions of competence, autonomy, and relatedness (i.e. basic psychological needs) were hypothesized to be negatively related to burnout scores, while players classified as “high-burnouts” were predicted to report

Ken Hodge; Chris Lonsdale; Johan Y. Y. Ng

2008-01-01

91

Relationship of psychological and physiological parameters during an arctic ski expedition  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Considerable data (primarily physiological) have been collected during expeditions in extreme environments over the last century. Physiological measurements have only recently been examined in association with the emotional or behavioral state of the subject. Establishing this psychophysiological relationship is essential to understanding fully the adaptation of humans to the stresses of extreme environments. This pilot study investigated the simultaneous collection of physiological, psychological and behavioral data from a two-man Greenland expedition in order to model how specific relationships between physiological and psychological adaptation to a polar environment may be identified. The data collected describes changes in adrenal and other hormonal activity and psychological functioning. Levels of cortisol and testosterone were calculated. Factors influencing the plasma profiles of the aforementioned included 24-hour sunlight, high calorific intake of more than 28 000 kJ/day and extreme physical exercise. There was a difference between individual psychological profiles as well as self-report stress and physiological stress.

Bishop, Sheryl L.; Grobler, Lukas C.; SchjØll, Olaf

2001-08-01

92

[Adolescent dating in Brazil: the circularity of psychological violence in different relationship contexts].  

PubMed

The scope of this paper is to evaluate the perpetration of psychological violence in current male and female dating relationships and their link to psychological violence experienced in other contexts of their lives, namely family, relationships with friends and dating partners. 3,205 students in the 2nd year of high school (15 to 19 years old) in public and private schools in ten Brazilian cities filled out a closed and self-administered questionnaire. The results highlight the fact that the increase in the number of psychologically violent events perpetrated by adolescents in their intimate relationships is related to greater verbal aggression of the mother and father, and the more frequent experiences of psychological violence between parents, siblings, friends and that existing in earlier dating relationships. This reinforces the notion of circularity of psychological violence in various contexts of socialization of adolescents and highlights the continuity of aggressive behavior in other dating relationships, and those between siblings, family and friends. PMID:24714886

Oliveira, Queiti Batista Moreira; de Assis, Simone Gonçalves; Njaine, Kathie; Pires, Thiago Oliveira

2014-03-01

93

Responding to Negative Internal Experience: Relationships Between Acceptance and Change-Based Approaches and Psychological Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors examined the relationships between change-based and acceptance-based strategies for responding to negative internal\\u000a experience (thoughts and emotions) and levels of psychological symptoms and well-being. A large sample of undergraduate students\\u000a completed measures of their general frequency of experiencing negative affect and intrusive thoughts, their typical ways of\\u000a responding when these experiences occur, and their levels of psychological symptoms

Shannon E. Sauer; Ruth A. Baer

2009-01-01

94

The Role of Shame, Anger, and Affect Regulation in Men's Perpetration of Psychological Abuse in Dating Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study determines the relationships between shame, anger, and men's perpetration of psychological abuse in dating relationships. The authors' hypothesize the connection between shame proneness and men's use of psychological abuse with a dating partner, with anger's mediating in this relationship. In addition, the authors' hypothesize that…

Harper, Felicity W. K.; Austin, Amanda G.; Cercone, Jennifer J.; Arias, Ileana

2005-01-01

95

Liberal Arts Skills, Psychology Baccalaureates, and First-Year Employment: Notes on a Meritocracy Hypothesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selections from the career counseling literature indicated that the undergraduate psychology curriculum is a potential source of generic liberal arts skills--for example, numeracy, literacy, critical thinking--said to be useful to baccalaureates entering the workforce. A "meritocracy hypothesis" stated that psychology and other liberal arts…

Rajecki, D. W.; Borden, Victor M. H.

2010-01-01

96

Knowledge sharing and the psychological contract : Managing knowledge workers across different stages of employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – An employee's willingness to share knowledge may be contingent on whether the organization equitably fulfills its reward obligations. This paper seeks to examine how managers and organizations can be vehicles for managing psychological contract perceptions favoring knowledge sharing among current employees, newcomers, and applicants. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The authors propose an integrative model to discuss psychological contract issues within

Bonnie S. ONeill; Monica Adya

2007-01-01

97

The association of sibling relationship and abuse with later psychological adjustment.  

PubMed

This study of 59 undergraduate men and 85 undergraduate women explored how defining emotional and physical sibling abuse affected the frequency of reported sibling abuse. In addition, the current study examined how the emotional context of the sibling relationship (i.e., rivalry and conflict) moderated the relationship between sibling abuse and later psychological adjustment (i.e., depression and anxiety). Respondents completed self-report questionnaires of sibling abuse (CTS2-SP), self-labeling of sibling abuse, quality of sibling relationships (SRQ), depression (CES-D), and anxiety (ZAS). Results indicated differences in frequency of reported abuse depending on how sibling abuse was defined. Also, there were no statistically significant correlations between the CTS2-SP and measures of psychological adjustment. Although self-labeling as emotionally abused correlated with later anxiety, the emotional context of the sibling relationship did not moderate this relationship. PMID:19734372

Mackey, Amber L; Fromuth, Mary Ellen; Kelly, David B

2010-06-01

98

Locus of control and control perceptions and the relationship between life stress and psychological disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The deleterious effects of negative life events were demonstrated, even with a relatively restricted range of negative experiences and the inclusion of a number of statistical controls. Employing a conservative multivariate regression model and a prospective design, the present study found that negative life events were consistently positively related to measures of psychological disorder. There was, however, no evidence for

Dean W. Nelson; Lawrence H. Cohen

1983-01-01

99

The Role of Social Support in Moderating the Relationship between Psychological Distress and Willingness To Seek Psychological Help among Black and Latino College Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Study examined the role of social support in moderating the relationship between psychological distress and willingness to seek psychological help in 158 Black and Latino college students from a large, predominantly White university. Authors found that a social support network served as a significant moderator for Black college students but not…

Constantine, Madonna G.; Wilton, Leo; Caldwell, Leon D.

2003-01-01

100

The relationship between family history of cancer, coping style and psychological distress  

PubMed Central

Objective: To investigate the relationship between family history of cancer, coping style and psychological distress. Methods: Total 80 patients with family history of cancer and 72 normal controls were analyzed using self-reporting inventory (SCL-90), coping style scale and impact of event scale-revised (IES-R). Results: 1. Between the two groups of patients, there were significant differences in anxiety, depression, cancer-specific distress and coping style. 2. Psychological distress (anxiety, depression and cancer-specific distress) had positive correlation with negative coping style and family history. 3. Negative coping style played an intermediary role in the family history and psychological distress. Conclusion: The negative coping style will predispose to a more stronger psychological distress among the individuals with family history of cancer. PMID:24948968

Liu, Yu; Cao, Chunmei

2014-01-01

101

Psychological distress, well-being, and legal recognition in same-sex couple relationships.  

PubMed

Legal recognition of same-sex couple relationships provides at least some material benefits to couple members; however, few studies have examined the associations between legal recognition and psychological distress or well-being. Using an online survey sample of 2,677 lesbian, gay, bisexual (LGB) individuals, participants were placed in 4 groups: single, dating, in a committed relationship, and in a legally recognized relationship. Analyses revealed that participants in committed or legally recognized relationships reported less psychological distress (i.e., internalized homophobia, depressive symptoms, and stress) and more well-being (i.e., the presence of meaning in life) than single participants. Significant group differences and multivariate analyses indicated that participants in a legally recognized relationship reported less internalized homophobia, fewer depressive symptoms, lower levels of stress, and more meaning in their lives than those in committed relationships, even after controlling for other factors. The need for further research on the psychological benefits of legal relationship recognition for same-sex couples is discussed. PMID:20175612

Riggle, Ellen D B; Rostosky, Sharon S; Horne, Sharon G

2010-02-01

102

Breaking up is hard to do: psychological entrapment and women's commitment to violent dating relationships.  

PubMed

Psychological entrapment occurs when people continue investing in unfavorable situations after already devoting too much to lose. We predicted that women who already invested more time and resources into their relationships would exert effort to improve their relationships following partner violence. In turn, these efforts were expected to increase women's subjective investment in, and thus, commitment to violent relationships. Undergraduate women (N = 98) in heterosexual relationships reported on partner violence and relationship duration at Time 1 and relationship sacrifices, subjective investment, and commitment at Times 1 and 2. As expected, women with violent partners who were in longer term relationships sacrificed more 6 weeks later. Unexpectedly, in multivariate analyses, Time 2 sacrifices were not significantly associated with Time 2 subjective investment, although subjective investment was positively associated with concurrent commitment. These results provide preliminary evidence for women's entrapment in violent relationships. PMID:22978068

Katz, Jennifer; Tirone, Vanessa; Schukrafft, Melanie

2012-01-01

103

20 CFR 718.302 - Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.302 Section...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2010-04-01

104

20 CFR 718.302 - Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.302 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2013-04-01

105

20 CFR 718.302 - Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.302 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2012-04-01

106

20 CFR 718.302 - Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

...false Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.302 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2014-04-01

107

20 CFR 718.203 - Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.203 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2012-04-01

108

20 CFR 718.203 - Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

...Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.203 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2014-04-01

109

20 CFR 718.203 - Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.203 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2011-04-01

110

20 CFR 718.203 - Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.203 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2013-04-01

111

20 CFR 718.302 - Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false Relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.302 Section...PROGRAMS, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2011-04-01

112

20 CFR 718.203 - Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Establishing relationship of pneumoconiosis to coal mine employment. 718.203 Section...ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL COAL MINE HEALTH AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, AS AMENDED STANDARDS FOR DETERMINING COAL MINERS' TOTAL DISABILITY OR DEATH...

2010-04-01

113

Adolescent Bullying, Relationships, Psychological Well-Being, and Gender-Atypical Behavior: A Gender Diagnosticity Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we used a gender diagnostic (GD) approach to examine the associations between gender-atypical behavior and gender role (masculinity—M and femininity—F), bullying, peer relationships, and psychological well-being in a large community sample of 15-year-olds. GD showed little relationship with gender role. Irrespective of sex, M was positively, and F negatively associated with being a bully. “Gender atypical” boys

Robert Young; Helen Sweeting

2004-01-01

114

Psychological Masculinity and Femininity in Children and Its Relationship to Trait Stereotypes and Toy Preferences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relationship of psychological masculinity and feminity in children to trait stereotyping and toy preferences. Subjects (157 boys and 157 girls in Grades K-4) were tested on a Child Test Battery, including the Child's Personal Attributes Questionnaire based on the adult PAQ (Spence, Helmreich & Stapp, 1974, 1975), the…

Spence, Janet T.; And Others

115

Morbidity profile and its relationship with disability and psychological distress among elderly people in Northern India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Morbidity among elderly people has an important influence on their physical functioning and psychological well-being. Evaluation of the morbidity profile and its determinants, which have implications for elderly people, are not available. The objective of this study is to assess morbidity, co-morbidity, and patterns of treat- ment seeking, and to determine relationship of morbidity with disability, psych- ological distress,

Kamlesh Joshi; Rajesh Kumar; Ajit Avasthi

2003-01-01

116

The Relationships among Caregiver and Adolescent Identity Status, Identity Distress and Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study addresses the relationships of caregiver identity status on their adolescent children's identity distress and psychological symptom severity among a sample of adolescents (age 12-19) in treatment at a community mental health center (N = 60 caregiver-child dyads). A significant proportion of caregivers (10%) and their adolescent…

Wiley, Rachel E.; Berman, Steven L.

2012-01-01

117

The minimizing style: perceptions of psychological abuse and quality of past and current relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The goals of this current project were to expand and elaborate on the results of Varia, Abidin, and Dass’ (1996) study to better understand what historical parenting factors may contribute in creating a “Minimizing” perception of childhood psychological abuse. A second objective included examining the association between perceptual styles and adult ratings of adult relationship satisfaction.Method: Ninety individuals from

Rachna Varia; Richard R Abidin

1999-01-01

118

Psychological Distress Following Suicidality among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths: Role of Social Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal relations between past suicidality and subsequent changes in psychological distress at follow-up were examined among gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) youths, as were psychosocial factors (e.g., self-esteem, social support, negative social relationships) that might mediate or moderate this relation. Past suicide attempters were found…

Rosario, Margaret; Schrimshaw, Eric W.; Hunter, Joyce

2005-01-01

119

Psychological Abuse Perpetration in College Dating Relationships: Contributions of Gender, Stress, and Adult Attachment Orientations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether gender, stressful problems common among college students, and adult attachment orientations (anxiety and avoidance) contributed to self-reported perpetration of psychological abuse in dating relationships among 127 college students. College men's stress levels were the strongest predictor of perpetration of…

Gormley, Barbara; Lopez, Frederick G.

2010-01-01

120

The relationship between multidimensional perfectionism and psychological need thwarting in junior sports participants  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesPerfectionism is thought to energise high quantities of motivation; however, its wider influence on the quality of the motivation exhibited by athletes is less clear. The purpose of this study was to examine the multivariate and univariate relationship between multidimensional perfectionism (perfectionistic concerns and perfectionistic striving) and perceived psychological need thwarting. Perfectionistic concerns was assessed via sub-dimensions of socially prescribed

Sarah H. Mallinson; Andrew P. Hill

2011-01-01

121

Relationship of Early Life Stress and Psychological Functioning to Blood Pressure in the CARDIA Study  

E-print Network

Relationship of Early Life Stress and Psychological Functioning to Blood Pressure in the CARDIA explain these links and relate the model to blood pressure change over a 10-year period in the Coronary of childhood family environment, parental education, health behavior, and adult negative emotionality. Main

Lehman, Barbara J.

122

The Relationship of Culture Value Orientation Change and Rorschach Indices of Psychological Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship of culture value orientation change and Rorschach indices of psychological development was investigated using a sample of second-generation Greek-Americans undergoing the acculturation process by comparing the families with psychotic member with a matched group of families in which there was no history of psychopathology. (JM)

Papajohn, John C.; Spiegel, John P.

1971-01-01

123

The Relationship Between Human Relations Skills And An Index Of Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Carkhuff's model of psychopathology suggesting a positive relationship between a person's human relations skills and indices of psychological adjustment was tested by using physically disabled college students as subjects and correlating a measure of their ability to communicate human relations skills with ratings of their acceptance of…

Anthony, William A.

1973-01-01

124

Investigating the Relationship between Teenage Childbearing and Psychological Distress Using Longitudinal Evidence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high levels of depression among teenage mothers have received considerable research attention in smaller targeted samples, but a large-scale examination of the complex relationship between adolescent childbearing and psychological distress that explores bidirectional causality is needed. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Birth Cohort, we found that teenage mothers had

Stefanie Mollborn; Elizabeth Morningstar

2009-01-01

125

Relationships between Teacher Organizational Commitment, Psychological Hardiness and Some Demographic Variables in Turkish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between teachers' organizational commitment perceptions and both their psychological hardiness and some demographic variables in a sample of Turkish primary schools. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 405 randomly selected teachers working at primary schools in Ankara…

Sezgin, Ferudun

2009-01-01

126

A Collaborative Relationship Between Professional Psychology and the Roman Catholic Church: A Case Example and Suggested Principles for Success  

Microsoft Academic Search

For many years the professional psychology and religious communities have maintained a strained relationship. At best, a passive indifference has been the norm. Fortunately, in some circles, the psychological and religious communities have recently begun to develop more collaborative relationships. For some psychologists, religion and spirituality is now in vogue. The purpose of this article is to detail one professional’s

Thomas G. Plante

1999-01-01

127

Relationship of Personality and Locus of Control With Employment Outcomes among Participants with Spinal Cord Injury  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated relationships among personality, locus of control, and current post-injury employment status for 1,391 participants with spinal cord injury. Participants with higher internality locus-of-control scores and activity scores (personality) reported more favorable employment outcomes. Higher scores on chance and powerful others (locus…

Krause, James S.; Broderick, Lynne

2006-01-01

128

Psychological Distress and Burnout in Australian Employment Service Workers: Two Years On.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Case managers providing intensive assistance to the unemployed completed the 12-item General Health Questionnaire and the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Results reveal that 48% endorsed responses indicating psychological distress, and on emotional exhaustion, the core dimension of burnout on the MBI, the mean for these case managers was significantly…

Patton, Wendy; Goddard, Richard

2003-01-01

129

Relationship between Self-Actualisation and Employment for At-Risk Young Unemployed Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used drawing and semi-structured interviews to access the visions of self-actualisation of a group of at-risk young women in an employment support group in Israel. The findings point to the synergetic relationship between the self-defined goals of the young women such as inner peace, self-regulation, assertiveness, good relationships

Huss, Ephrat; Magos, Michal

2014-01-01

130

Achieving a new equilibrium? The stability of cooperative employer-union relationships1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current popularity of 'partnership' in workplace industrial relations raises the question of the durability of such arrangements. This article investigates the stability of cooperative employer-union relationships by means of case studies. It analyses per- ceptions of the experience of negotiation and consultation. Continuing net benefits are reported both by managers and by union representatives in workplaces where cooperative relationships

Sarah Oxenbridge; William Brown

2004-01-01

131

Cancer-Related Communication, Relationship Intimacy, and Psychological Distress Among Couples Coping with Localized Prostate Cancer  

PubMed Central

Introduction The present study evaluated intimacy as a mechanism for the effects of relationship-enhancing (self-disclosure, mutual constructive communication) and relationship-compromising communication (holding back, mutual avoidance, and demand-withdraw communication) on couples' psychological distress. Methods Seventy-five men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer in the past year and their partners completed surveys about communication, intimacy, and distress. Results Multi-level models with the couple as unit of analyses indicated that the association between mutual constructive communication, mutual avoidance, and patient demand-partner withdraw and distress could be accounted for by their influence on relationship intimacy. Self-disclosure, holding back, and partner demand-patient withdraw did not mediate the associations between communication and distress. Discussion/Conclusions These findings indicate that the way in which couples talk about as well as the degree to which one or both partners avoid talking about cancer-related concerns can either facilitate or reduce relationship closeness, and that it is largely by this mechanism that these three communication strategies impact psychological distress. Implications for Cancer Survivors Relationship intimacy and how patients and partners communicate to achieve this intimacy is important for the psychological adjustment of early stage prostate cancer survivors and their partners. PMID:19967408

Manne, Sharon; Badr, Hoda; Zaider, Talia; Nelson, Christian; Kissane, David

2010-01-01

132

Social and parasocial relationships on social network sites and their differential relationships with users' psychological well-being.  

PubMed

With the advent of social network sites (SNSs), people can efficiently maintain preexisting social relationships and make online friendships without offline encounters. While such technological features of SNSs hold a variety of potential for individual and collective benefits, some scholars warn that use of SNSs might lead to socially negative consequences, such as social isolation, erosion of social cohesion, or SNS addiction. This study distinguishes types of SNS relationships, and investigates their relationships with social isolation, interpersonal trust, and SNS addiction. We classify SNS relationships into two types: (a) social relationships based on reciprocity between a user and his/her friends, and (b) parasocial relationships in which an ordinary user is aware of activities of a celebrity (e.g., famous actors, athletes, and others) but not vice versa. Based on achievements in studies of media effect and social psychology, we constructed a set of hypotheses, and tested them using a subsample of SNS users drawn from representative survey data in South Korea. We found that dependency on parasocial relationships is positively related with loneliness but negatively correlated with interpersonal distrust, while dependency on social relationship is negatively correlated with loneliness but positively related with trust. However, more dependency on both social and parasocial relationships are positively related with SNS addiction. Implications based on findings are also discussed. PMID:23697533

Baek, Young Min; Bae, Young; Jang, Hyunmi

2013-07-01

133

A Dependence-Regulation Account of Psychological Distancing in Response to Major Organizational Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on previous studies that documented psychological withdrawal or distancing from one's employing organization as one kind of response to major organizational change, this study developed and tested a dependence-regulation account of psychological distancing responses. This account was derived from social psychological analysis of interpersonal relationships and interdependence theory. It emphasizes the self-protective function of psychological distancing when the employment

John L. Michela; Jeanetta Vena

2012-01-01

134

The Broken Mirror: A Self Psychological Treatment Perspective for Relationship Violence  

PubMed Central

Clinicians face formidable challenges in working with male perpetrators of domestic violence. Many treatment programs use a confrontational approach that emphasizes male entitlement and patriarchal societal attitudes, without honoring the genuine psychological pain of the abusive male. Although some men with strong psychopathic tendencies are almost impossible to treat, the majority of spouse-abusing males respond best to an empathic, client-centered, self psychological approach that also includes education about sociocultural issues and specific skill building. Understanding the deprivations in mirroring selfobject functions from which these men typically suffer facilitates clinical treatment response. While insisting that men take full responsibility for their abusive behavior, treatment approaches can still be most effective by addressing inherent psychological issues. Group leaders who can offer respect for perpetrators' history, their experience of powerlessness, and their emotional injuries in primary relationships are more likely to make an impact.(The Journal of Psychotherapy Practice and Research 1999; 8:129–141) PMID:10079460

Wexler, David B.

1999-01-01

135

Relationship Between Job Dissatisfaction and Physical and Psychological Health Among Filipino Immigrants  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the relationship between job dissatisfaction and psychological and physical health among Filipino immigrants in the United States. Cross-sectional data from the Filipino American Community Epidemiological Study were analyzed for 1,381 Filipino immigrants. The primary independent variable of interest was job dissatisfaction. Linear and negative binomial regression analyses were conducted to determine separate associations between job dissatisfaction and the outcomes of psychological distress and physical health conditions, respectively. Job dissatisfaction was positively associated with both psychological distress (? = 0.32, p < .001) and physical health conditions (? = 0.42, p < .001), controlling for sociodemographic variables such as age, gender, education, income, and job category. This community-based study demonstrated that job dissatisfaction has implications for health and well-being among an understudied, immigrant group of workers. Findings also suggest that job-related experiences should be considered when examining disparate health for immigrant, minority populations. PMID:18293598

de Castro, A. B.; Gee, Gilbert C.; Takeuchi, David

2011-01-01

136

Flexible employment contracts, the psychological contract and employee outcomes: an analysis and review of the evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been growing interest in the impact of flexible employment contracts on workers affected by them. In the light of assumptions that such workers are significantly disadvantaged, European-wide legislation has been introduced to ensure that they are treated similarly to permanent employees. The evidence on the impact of flexible employment contracts on employees’ attitudes and behaviour is reviewed within

David Guest

2004-01-01

137

Multiple Types of Psychological Contracts: A Six-cluster Solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to identify a variety of employment relationships based upon an economy-wide, representative sample. We turn to psychological contract studies examining different types of psychological contracts. We expand two existing typologies by incorporating multiple features or underlying dimensions of psychological contracts. Such a feature-oriented approach allows us to construct a meaningful conceptualization of employer and

Maddy Janssens; Luc Sels; Inge Van Den Brande

2003-01-01

138

Functional social support, psychological capital, and depressive and anxiety symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS employed full-time  

PubMed Central

Background Psychological distress (e.g., depression and anxiety) has been regarded as the main cause of leaving work for people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in workplaces. This study aims to explore the associations of functional social support (FSS) and psychological capital (PC) with depressive and anxiety symptoms among PLWHA employed full-time. Methods This cross-sectional study was performed in Liaoning, China, during the period of December 2010–April 2011. The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, the Duke-UNC Functional Social Support Questionnaire, and the Psychological Capital Questionnaire were completed by PLWHA employed full-time. Structural equation modeling was used to test the proposed relationships between variables. Asymptotic and resampling strategies were performed to explore the mediating roles of PC and its components (self-efficacy, hope, optimism, resilience). Results Of 320 participants surveyed, 66.3% had depressive symptoms, and 45.6% had anxiety symptoms. Significant negative associations of FSS and PC with depressive and anxiety symptoms were revealed. PC (a*b?=??0.209, BCa 95% CI: -0.293, -0.137, p?employed full-time. PC fully mediates the associations of FSS with depressive and anxiety symptoms. In addition to enhancing FSS, PC development could be included in the prevention and treatment strategies for depressive and anxiety symptoms targeted at PLWHA employed full-time. PMID:24289721

2013-01-01

139

Coping mediates the relationships between reminiscence and psychological well-being among older adults.  

PubMed

Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have demonstrated an association between various functions of reminiscence and well-being in later adulthood. This study investigates to what extent the links between reminiscence (self-positive and self-negative functions) and psychological well-being (depressive symptoms, anxiety level and life satisfaction) are mediated by assimilative and accommodative coping. This mediational model was tested using structural equation modelling. The results support the hypothesis that coping completely mediates the links between reminiscence and psychological well-being. Specifically, self-positive reminiscences are related to improved psychological well-being via assimilative and accommodative coping, while, in contrast, self-negative reminiscences are associated to reduced psychological well-being through their negative relationships with both coping modes. These findings suggest that reminiscence contributes to psychological well-being in part because it promotes assimilative and accommodative coping, which are protective mechanisms through which the self-system constructs continuity and meaning over the life course. PMID:20635233

Cappeliez, Philippe; Robitaille, Annie

2010-09-01

140

Race differentials in employment effects of psychological distress: A study of non-Hispanic Whites and African-Americans in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used two sub-samples of African-Americans and non-Hispanic Whites from the 2002–2003 U.S. National Survey on Drug Use and Health to examine differential effects of psychological distress (PD) on employment. Failing to reject exogeneity of PD in the employment specifications, we estimated standard probit of employment. We found that PD significantly reduced employment probability regardless of race; but the

Pierre Kébreau Alexandre; Richard Patrick; Arnousse Beauliere; Silvia S. Martins

2009-01-01

141

Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS) scores: stability and relationships with psychological adjustment.  

PubMed

We examined the structural validity, internal consistency (alpha and omega), and test-retest reliability of scores on the Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS; Vandiver et al., 2000 ; Worrell, Vandiver, & Cross, 2004 ), as well as the relationship between CRIS scores and several variables related to psychological adjustment. Participants consisted of several groups of African American college students (34 ? n ? 340) attending a predominantly White university in a Western state. Confirmatory factor analyses indicated an acceptable fit of the data to the theoretical model, and alpha and omega coefficients indicate that CRIS scores have moderate to high internal consistency. CRIS scores also demonstrated stability over periods between 2 and 20 months in ranges that suggest long-term stability of racial attitudes. As predicted by the expanded nigrescence model (Cross & Vandiver, 2001 ), only self-hatred attitudes had consistent, meaningful relationships with psychological adjustment. PMID:21999387

Worrell, Frank C; Mendoza-Denton, Rodolfo; Telesford, James; Simmons, Crystal; Martin, Justin F

2011-11-01

142

Nonmedical Prescription Stimulant Use Among a Sample of College StudentsRelationship With Psychological Variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To further investigate use and potential misuse of prescription stimulants (e.g., Ritalin, Adderall, Concerta) among a sample of college students and to explore the relationship between psychological variables and nonmedical stimulant use. Method: The sample consisted of 390 college students (71.6% female, 28.4% male). Participants were asked to complete five questionnaires concerning demographic information, prescription stimulant use, internal restlessness,

Lisa L. Weyandt; Grace Janusis; Kimberly G. Wilson; Genevieve Verdi; Gregory Paquin; Justin Lopes; Michael Varejao; Crystal Dussault

2009-01-01

143

The relationship between problem-solving self-appraisal and indices of physical and psychological health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently several investigators have become interested in the manner in which one appraises one's coping or problem-solving abilities as a potential intervening variable in the coping process. This study extended previous research by examining the relationship between one's problem-solving appraisal and indices of both physical and psychological health. Twenty-five self-appraised effective and 21 self-appraised ineffective problem solvers completed the Cornell

P. Paul Heppner; Mary Kampa; Lee Brunning

1987-01-01

144

Long Term Posttraumatic Growth After Breast Cancer: Prevalence, Predictors and Relationships with Psychological Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the prevalence and predictors of long term posttraumatic growth (PTG) after breast cancer, and relationships\\u000a of PTG with psychological health in a random sample of 307 currently disease-free women 5–15 years after diagnosis. This cross-sectional\\u000a study reveals long term posttraumatic growth scores comparable to those found in shorter term studies. Prevalence of a better\\u000a appreciation of life is

S. Lelorain; A. Bonnaud-Antignac; A. Florin

2010-01-01

145

Psychological Distress Following Suicidality Among Gay, Lesbian, and Bisexual Youths: Role of Social Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Longitudinal relations between past suicidality and subsequent changes in psychological distress at follow-up were examined among gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB) youths, as were psychosocial factors (e.g., self-esteem, social support, negative social relationships) that might mediate or moderate this relation. Past suicide attempters were found to have higher levels of depressive symptoms, anxious symptoms, and conduct problems at a later

Margaret Rosario; Eric W. Schrimshaw; Joyce Hunter

2005-01-01

146

Health, social comparisons, and psychological well-being: Their cross-time relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this short-term longitudinal study were to investigate (a) stability and change in social comparisons across time; (b) the relationship between physical health and the use of social comparisons across time; (c) whether psychological well-being is best predicted by prior or concurrent social comparisons; and (d) the moderating effects of social comparisons. Community-dwelling elderly women (N=149) completed self-report

Susan M. Heidrich; Carol D. Ryff

1995-01-01

147

Neurosciences, empathy, and healthy interpersonal relationships: Recent findings and implications for counseling psychology.  

PubMed

In this article, we define the construct of empathy and its relevance for counseling psychology. The importance of deficits in empathic processes for most of the psychological disorders is presented within the context of the social brain hypothesis (Frith, 2007). We provide a review of empirical research about the neural correlates of empathy in terms of both the central and peripheral nervous system. We present recent evidence on the cortical and subcortical regions involved in different dimensions of empathy-emotional contagion, cognitive and emotional empathy, and self-regulation. Regarding the autonomic correlates of empathy, we present evidence about the correlates of sympathetic arousal associated with empathic processes and review data supporting the idea of the physiological linkage or synchrony as indicator of empathy in interpersonal relationships. The implications of these findings for counseling psychology, particularly for the psychotherapist-client relationship and for context of intimate relationships or couples therapy, are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25285714

Coutinho, Joana Fernandes; Silva, Patrícia Oliveira; Decety, Jean

2014-10-01

148

Relationship of workplace incivility, stress, and burnout on nurses' turnover intentions and psychological empowerment.  

PubMed

This study explored the relationships among perceived workplace incivility, stress, burnout, perceived turnover intentions, and perceived level of psychological empowerment among acute care nurses (medical-surgical and critical care) in community and tertiary hospitals through the lens of complexity science. An exploratory study was conducted, and findings demonstrate significant relationships among workplace incivility, stress, burnout, turnover intentions, total years of nursing experience, and RN education levels. Creating targeted retention strategies and policies that will be sensitive to the needs and interests of nurses at high risk for leaving their organizations is imperative for nurse executives. PMID:24061587

Oyeleye, Olubunmi; Hanson, Patricia; O'Connor, Nancy; Dunn, Deborah

2013-10-01

149

Relationship of psychological characteristics and self-efficacy in gastrointestinal cancer survivors.  

PubMed

To characterize gastrointestinal cancer survivors' ability to psychologically adjust, we examined the relationship between psychological characteristics (quality of life (QOL), anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress symptoms) and self-efficacy (perceived ability to initiate coping strategies). Forty-seven subjects (32 males and 15 females) were recruited from outpatient clinics or general surgical wards after readmission for therapy unrelated to cancer. All had undergone treatment for gastrointestinal cancer. Japanese version of the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy--General (FACT-G), Japanese version of Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Japanese version of Impact of Event Scale--Revised (IES-R), and The Self-Efficacy Scale for Advanced Cancer (SEAC) were administered. Correlation analyses revealed a statistically significant positive correlation between three subscales of SEAC and QOL (total of FACT-G value) and a significant negative correlation between anxiety, depression (the total of HADS value), post-traumatic stress symptoms (the total of IES-R value), and SEAC. In multiple regression analysis, the influence from Affect Regulation Efficacy (subscale of SEAC) was the largest in anxiety and post-traumatic stress symptoms while the influence from Activities of Daily Living Efficacy (subscale of SEAC) was the largest in QOL and depression. Our findings revealed that a strong relationship between self-efficacy and psychological adjustment, and that there should be several psychological intervention forms performed at various treatment stages to enhance self-efficacy in this population of gastrointestinal cancer survivors. These results also imply the effectiveness of interventions on self-efficacy for gastrointestinal cancer survivors and the influence of psychological factors such as QOL, anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress symptoms. PMID:19204934

Kohno, Yuuta; Maruyama, Michio; Matsuoka, Yutaka; Matsushita, Toshiko; Koeda, Michihiko; Matsushima, Eisuke

2010-01-01

150

An Investigation of the Relationship between Psychological Strengths and the Perception of Bullying in Early Adolescents in Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the association between psychological strengths and perceptions of being a victim of a bullying relationship in the school environment. Using self-report questionnaires with grades 7 and 8 students, the role of psychological strengths as potential protective factors against various forms of bullying were examined including the…

Anderson, Chris G.; Rawana, Edward P.; Brownlee, Keith; Whitley, Jessica

2010-01-01

151

Intimate Partner Acceptance, Parental Acceptance in Childhood, and Psychological Adjustment Among Turkish Adults in Ongoing Attachment Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing stimulus from a central postulate in parental acceptance-rejection theory, this study explored relations among perceived partner acceptance, remembrances of parental (maternal and paternal) acceptance in childhood, and the psychological adjustment of 681 Turkish adults in ongoing attachment relationships. Five self-report questionnaires were used to assess adults' perceptions of partner acceptance, remembrances of parental acceptance in childhood, and adults' psychological

Azmi Varan; Ronald P. Rohner; Gül Eryuksel

2008-01-01

152

The Relationship Between Chinese Cultural Beliefs About Adversity and Psychological Adjustment in Chinese Families with Economic Disadvantage  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between Chinese beliefs about adversity and psychological well-being was studied in 229 economically disadvantaged Chinese families. Results showed that adolescents with stronger endorsement of positive Chinese beliefs about adversity generally displayed better psychological well-being and school adjustment and less problem behavior. Maternal endorsement, but not paternal endorsement, of Chinese beliefs about adversity was related to adolescent adjustment. Parental

Daniel T. L. Shek; Vera Tang; C. M. Lam; M. C. Lam; K. W. Tsoi; K. M. Tsang

2003-01-01

153

The Relational-Behavior Model: The Relationship between Intrinsic Motivational Instruction and Extrinsic Motivation in Psychologically Based Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study examined the relational-behavior model (RBM) as a method of intrinsic motivational instruction in psychology courses. Among a sample of 33 college students enrolled in two undergraduate psychology courses, a Spearman rho analysis revealed a significant relationship between the intrinsic motivational factors (e.g. student/class…

Chandler, Donald S., Jr.

2008-01-01

154

A population based study investigating the association between sexual and relationship satisfaction and psychological distress among heterosexuals  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined if sexual and relationship satisfaction are differentially associated with mental health issues. Using data from a population-based computer assisted telephone survey, a total of 3800 respondents with a regular heterosexual partner were included in the current analyses. Two methods of scoring the K6 were used to produce measures of moderate psychological distress and serious psychological distress. Overall,

Kent Patrick; Wendy Heywood; Anthony M. A. Smith; Judy M. Simpson; Julia M. Shelley; Juliet Richters; Marian K. Pitts

2012-01-01

155

The Relationship between Physical Health and Psychological Well-Being among Oldest-Old Adults  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between physical health and psychological well-being among oldest-old adults. Structural equation modeling was performed to examine health influences on psychological well-being among 306 octogenarians and centenarians from the Georgia Centenarian Study. Latent variables were created to reflect subjective health, as measured by self-ratings of health and objective health, as measured by physical health impairment (i.e., health problems, past and present diseases, hospitalization) and biomarkers (i.e., hemoglobin and albumin). Psychological well-being was measured by positive and negative affect. There were significant direct effects of subjective health on affect and significant indirect effects of objective health through subjective health on positive affect and negative affect. Subjective health took the role of a mediator between objective health and psychological well-being. These results highlight the status and perceptions of health as a critical indicator for well-being in extreme old age. PMID:21748008

Cho, Jinmyoung; Martin, Peter; Margrett, Jennifer; MacDonald, Maurice; Poon, Leonard W.

2011-01-01

156

Causal Relationships between the Psychological Acceptance Process of Athletic Injury and Athletic Rehabilitation Behavior  

PubMed Central

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the causal relationships between the psychological acceptance process of athletic injury and athletic-rehabilitation behavior. [Subjects] One hundred forty-four athletes who had injury experiences participated in this study, and 133 (mean age = 20.21?years, SD = 1.07; mean weeks without playing sports = 7.97 weeks, SD = 11.26) of them provided valid questionnaire responses which were subjected to analysis. [Methods] The subjects were asked to answer our originally designed questionnaire, the Psychosocial Recovery Factor Scale (PSRF-S), and two other pre-existing scales, the Athletic Injury Psychological Acceptance Scale and the Athletic-Rehabilitation Dedication Scale. [Results] The results of factor analysis indicate “emotional stability”, “social competence in the team”, “temporal perspective”, and “communication with the teammates” are factors of the PSRF-S. Lastly, the causal model in which psychosocial recovery factors are mediated by psychological acceptance of athletic injury, and influence on rehabilitation behaviors, was examined using structural equation modeling (SEM). The results of SEM indicate that the factors of emotional stability and temporal perspective are mediated by the psychological acceptance of the injury, which positively influences athletic-rehabilitation dedication. [Conclusion] The causal model was confirmed to be valid. PMID:25202190

Tatsumi, Tomonori; Takenouchi, Takashi

2014-01-01

157

Strategic supplier partnering: a psychological contract perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychological contract and organizational justice theories are used in the management literature to describe the relationship between employees and employers. Provides an exploratory study that applies these theories to strategic partnerships between buyers and suppliers, drawing on logistics examples. Uses empirical data from a survey to illustrate where such relationships are working well, and where potential problems lie. Uses psychological

Donna Blancero; Lisa Ellram

1997-01-01

158

Graduate Development, Discursive Resources and the Employment Relationship at BAE Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine the evolution of an employee opinion survey and to evaluate its impact on the graduate training programme and associated employment relationships. Design/methodology/approach: The paper provides a detailed, longitudinal case study of one large-scale UK organisation. The approach recognises that…

Jenner, Shirley

2008-01-01

159

The Relationship between Religiosity, Employment, and Political Beliefs on Substance Use among High School Seniors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to provide a descriptive profile of the alcohol, cigarette, marijuana and cocaine use practices among adolescents and to examine the relationship between employment, political beliefs, religious beliefs and substance use behaviors among high school seniors participating in the Monitoring the Future Study during the…

Dunn, Michael S.

2005-01-01

160

Predictors of Relationship Satisfaction, Psychological Well-Being, and Life Satisfaction Among Stay-at-Home Fathers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the psychological well-being, life, and relationship satisfaction among a national sample of 213 stay-at-home fathers (SAHFs). Results from an Internet-based survey suggest these men report moderate to high levels of relationship and life satisfaction and moderate to low levels of psychological distress as compared with college-aged and adult men. SAHFs also reported high levels of parental

Aaron B. Rochlen; Ryan A. McKelley; Marie-Anne Suizzo; Vanessa Scaringi

2008-01-01

161

Identity and Emotional Competence as Mediators of the Relation between Childhood Psychological Maltreatment and Adult Love Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested whether identity formation and emotional competence mediated the relationship between childhood psychological maltreatment and adult attachment styles, and tested the differential long-term effects of psychological abuse and neglect. The sample included 187 undergraduates in romantic relationships. Measures assessed the extent of childhood trauma, family expressiveness, alexithymia, self-esteem, self-concept, and adult attachment style. Results of path analysis showed

Andrea R. Kapeleris; Sandra C. Paivio

2011-01-01

162

Permanent Employment but Not in a Preferred Occupation: Psychological and Medical Aspects, Research Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a representative sample from Statistics Sweden’s Labor Market Survey (N = 1,564), it was found that 28% of permanent employees were not in their preferred occupation. In part, this is attributable to prevailing conditions in the labor market, with a lack of jobs, and to the insecurity of time-restricted employment contracts. In this study, the work conditions and health

Gunnar Aronsson; Sara Göransson

1999-01-01

163

Developing a framework based on a psychological perspective for studying buyer-supplier relationships  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The advent of the Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) and the Internet with its subsequent use in the field of supply chains, mainly online shopping; web managed purchasing and online auctions have given rise to complex relationships between buyers and suppliers. The manner in which the buyer-supplier transactions occur have a psychological bearing similar to the transactions occurring between humans in the buyer-supplier organizations. The on-going research to study the psychological aspects of the transactions will use Transactional Analysis as a tool to identify these aspects of the relationship. The essential aspect of this view is that organizational culture plays a very strong role in the way organizations operate, and when two organizations transact with each other the individual culture is bound to play a role in the way the transaction is conducted. There are a number of factors that play a role in bringing the culture to the forefront of the transaction process. It is necessary to study these factors in order to understand why the psychological behavior is actually shown by these buyer- supplier organizations.

Dani, Samir S.; Burns, Neil D.

2001-10-01

164

The mediating role of psychological need satisfaction in relationships between types of passion for sport and athlete burnout.  

PubMed

Research indicates that obsessive and harmonious passion can explain variability in burnout through various mediating processes (e.g., Vallerand, Paquet, Phillippe, & Charest, 2010). The current study extended previous research (Curran, Appleton, Hill, & Hall, 2011; Gustafsson, Hassmén, & Hassmén, 2011) by testing a model in which the effects of passion for sport on athlete burnout were mediated by psychological need satisfaction. One hundred and seventy-three academy soccer players completed self-report measures of passion for sport, psychological need satisfaction, and athlete burnout. Results indicated that psychological need satisfaction mediated the relationship between harmonious passion and athlete burnout but not obsessive passion and athlete burnout. The findings indicate that the inverse relationship between harmonious passion and burnout can be explained by higher levels of psychological need satisfaction. However, this was not the case for obsessive passion, which was not associated with psychological need satisfaction or most symptoms of athlete burnout. PMID:23148547

Curran, Thomas; Appleton, Paul R; Hill, Andrew P; Hall, Howard K

2013-01-01

165

The relationship between social support, help-seeking behavior, and psychological distress in psychiatric clients.  

PubMed

A descriptive exploratory design was used to examine the relationship between the level of social support, the level of psychological distress, and the extent of help-seeking behavior in a nonprobability sample of 53 hospitalized adult psychiatric patients. The subjects completed the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire, the Brief Symptom Inventory, and a researcher-designed Help-Seeking Behavior Questionnaire. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation coefficients and t test were used to analyze the data. No significant correlation was found between the level of psychological distress and either the level of social support or the extent of help seeking. Social support and help seeking were highly correlated. These results have an implication for nursing practice pertaining to the focus of patient treatment both during hospitalization and in postdischarge planning. PMID:7847903

Knisely, J E; Northouse, L

1994-12-01

166

Emotion regulation moderates relationships between body image concerns and psychological symptomatology.  

PubMed

The study investigated the moderating role of emotion regulation (ER) in relationships between body image concerns and psychological symptomatology. A community sample of 533 boys and girls (11-20 years) completed measures assessing body image thoughts and feelings, domain-specific and general ER strategies, drive for thinness, and bulimic, depressive and anxiety symptoms. Results indicated that ER moderated relationships between body image concerns and both bulimic and depressive symptoms, but not relationships between body image concerns and drive for thinness or anxiety symptoms. Adolescents who reported frequent body image concerns were more likely to have higher levels of bulimic symptoms if they tended to use avoidance and internal dysfunctional ER strategies. Furthermore, adolescents who reported frequent body image concerns were more likely to have higher levels of depressive symptoms if they used positive rational acceptance and internal functional strategies infrequently. Implications of the findings for prevention and intervention are discussed. PMID:21601547

Hughes, Elizabeth K; Gullone, Eleonora

2011-06-01

167

The Relationship Between Career-Related Antecedents and Graduates’ Anticipatory Psychological Contracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The purpose of this study was to investigate career-related antecedents of graduates’ anticipatory psychological contracts.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Design\\/Methodology\\/Approach  A survey was filled out by a sample of 722 graduates addressing questions on career strategy, individual career management,\\u000a work importance, and beliefs about employer and employee obligations.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Findings  Graduates with a high score on careerism, who are engaged in a high level of individual career

Ans De Vos; Katleen De Stobbeleir; Annelies Meganck

2009-01-01

168

Extrapolating psychological insights from Facebook profiles: a study of religion and relationship status.  

PubMed

Online social network users may leave creative, subtle cues on their public profiles to communicate their motivations and interests to other network participants. This paper explores whether psychological predictions can be made about the motivations of social network users by identifying and analyzing these cues. Focusing on the domain of relationship seeking, we predicted that people using social networks for dating would reveal that they have a single relationship status as a method of eliciting contact from potential romantic others. Based on results from a pilot study (n = 20) supporting this hypothesis, we predicted that people attempting to attract users of the same religious background would report a religious affiliation along with a single relationship status. Using observational data from 150 Facebook profiles, results from a multivariate logistic regression suggest that people providing a religious affiliation were more likely to list themselves as single (a proxy for their interest in using the network to find romantic partners) than people who do not provide religious information. We discuss the implications for extracting psychological information from Facebook profiles. To our knowledge, this is the first study to suggest that information from publicly available online social networking profiles can be used to predict people's motivations for using social networks. PMID:19366321

Young, Sean; Dutta, Debo; Dommety, Gopal

2009-06-01

169

Differences in Beliefs about Psychological Services in the Relationship between Sociorace and One's Social Network  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The roles of previous psychological service use and social network variables in beliefs about psychological services were examined with 184 college students. Having friends and family members who used psychological services, being female, and having used psychological services positively related with beliefs about psychological services.…

Walter, Jeffrey P.; Yon, Kyu Jin; Skovholt, Thomas M.

2012-01-01

170

Psychological distress as a mediator in the relationships between biopsychosocial factors and disordered eating among Malaysian university students.  

PubMed

The mechanism linking biopsychosocial factors to disordered eating among university students is not well understood especially among Malaysians. This study aimed to examine the mediating role of psychological distress in the relationships between biopsychosocial factors and disordered eating among Malaysian university students. A self-administered questionnaire measured self-esteem, body image, social pressures to be thin, weight-related teasing, psychological distress, and disordered eating in 584 university students (59.4% females and 40.6% males). Body weight and height were measured. Structural equation modeling analysis revealed that the partial mediation model provided good fit to the data. Specifically, the relationships between self-esteem and weight-related teasing with disordered eating were mediated by psychological distress. In contrast, only direct relationships between body weight status, body image, and social pressures to be thin with disordered eating were found and were not mediated by psychological distress. Furthermore, multigroup analyses indicated that the model was equivalent for both genders but not for ethnic groups. There was a negative relationship between body weight status and psychological distress for Chinese students, whereas this was not the case among Malay students. Intervention and prevention programs on psychological distress may be beneficial in reducing disordered eating among Malaysian university students. PMID:22885453

Gan, Wan Ying; Mohd Nasir, Mohd Taib; Zalilah, Mohd Shariff; Hazizi, Abu Saad

2012-12-01

171

The relationship between social network characteristics and breast cancer screening practices among employed women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between social network characteristics and breast cancer screening practices among employed\\u000a women. We hypothesized that larger social networks, higher levels of support from networks, and stronger social influences\\u000a to undergo screening would be positively associated with regular utilization of mammograms and clinical breast examinations.\\u000a Data were collected from women aged 52 and over who were

Jennifer Dacey Allen; Glorian Sorensen; Anne M. Stoddard; Karen E. Peterson; Graham Colditz

1999-01-01

172

Do the core self-evaluations moderate the relationship between subjective well-being and physical and psychological health?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the role that core self-evaluations (CSE) plays on the relationship between subjective well-being (SWB) and health functioning. The findings from a sample of 160 undergraduate students revealed that CSE explains incremental variance in physical and psychological health functioning, above and beyond the effect of SWB. The results also revealed that CSE moderated the relationship of two indicators

Ioannis Tsaousis; Ioannis Nikolaou; Nikolaos Serdaris; Timothy A. Judge

2007-01-01

173

Psychological Reactance and Resistance Intention in the Classroom: Effects of Perceived Request Politeness and Legitimacy, Relationship Distance, and Teacher Credibility  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research comprises two studies examining the antecedents and outcomes of psychological reactance in teacher requests in the instructional context. In Study 1 we investigated the mediating role of reactance in the relationship of perceived teacher request politeness and teacher-student relationship distance with student resistance intention.…

Zhang, Qin; Sapp, David A.

2013-01-01

174

Longitudinal Effects of Divorce on the Quality of the Father-Child Relationship and on Fathers' Psychological Well-Being.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

States that the effect of divorce on the quality of the father-child relationship and fathers' psychological well being is moderated by the residence of children. Divorce is associated with lower relationship quality only for nonresident fathers and is associated with a decline in happiness for nonresident fathers. Divorced fathers are more…

Shapiro, Adam; Lambert, James David

1999-01-01

175

The Relationship Between Perceptions of Financial Distress and Feelings of Psychological Well-being in New Zealand University Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although recent reports have suggested a relationship exists between university students' debt levels and their levels of psychological well-being, no formal study has been done to test this hypothesis. Therefore, using a model of financial distress developed by Krause, Jay and Laing (1991), this study was undertaken to determine the precise nature of the relationship between students' levels of daily

Clare Lange; Mark Byrd

1998-01-01

176

The relationship among psychological factors, neglect-like symptoms and postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND: Persistent postoperative pain has a significant relationship with patient health and satisfaction. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and association of neglect-like symptoms (NLS) and other psychological factors on postoperative pain in patients following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). NLS are defined as the loss of perception of the limb with pain and excessive effort required to move the limb. The authors hypothesized that NLS were an important contributor to postoperative pain. METHODS: The factors influencing pain were investigated using a longitudinal study with assessments at three and six weeks postsurgery. The relationships among demographic factors (age, body weight, body mass index), psychological factors (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory and Pain Catastrophizing Scale [PCS]) and NLS with postoperative pain were investigated in 90 patients after TKA. The associations among motor functions (muscle strength of knee extension, range of motion), sensory functions (joint position sense and two-point discrimination in the thigh) and NLS were also investigated. RESULTS: At three and six weeks after surgery, 36% and 19% of patients, respectively, experienced NLS. In hierarchical multiple regression analysis, NLS and PCS scores were significantly associated with postoperative pain, while joint position sense and range of motion were significantly associated with NLS. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that facilitation of sensory integration is important in rehabilitation after TKA because NLS appears to result from impaired sensory integration. The association of PCS scores with postoperative pain and NLS suggests the need to provide appropriate postoperative education to reduce persistent negative thoughts regarding future pain. PMID:25101335

Hirakawa, Yoshiyuki; Hara, Michiya; Fujiwara, Akira; Hanada, Hirofumi; Morioka, Shu

2014-01-01

177

The role of self-compassion and emotional approach coping in the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and psychological distress among East Asian international students.  

E-print Network

??This study investigated the mediating and moderating roles of self-compassion and emotional approach coping in the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and psychological distress among East… (more)

Seo, Heweon

2012-01-01

178

The Multiple Sources of Women's Aging Anxiety and Their Relationship With Psychological Distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The authors examine associations of three sources of women's aging anxiety—declining attractiveness, health, and fertility—with social contexts of their lives, including locations in systems of inequality, connections to institutions, relationships, and health. They also explore links between aging anxieties and distress. Method: Employing data from the National Survey of Midlife Development in the United States conducted in 1995-1996, the

Anne E. Barrett; Cheryl Robbins

2008-01-01

179

The explanatory role of relationship power and control in domestic violence against women in Nicaragua: a feminist psychology analysis.  

PubMed

This study offers a feminist psychology analysis of various aspects of relationship power and control and their relative explanatory contribution to understanding physical, psychological, and sexual violence against women. Findings from structured interviews with 345 women from rural Nicaragua (M age = 44) overwhelmingly demonstrate that measures of power and control reflecting interpersonal relationship dynamics have the strongest predictive power for explaining violence when compared in multivariate analyses to several of the more commonly used measures. These findings have implications for future research and the evaluation of interventions designed to decrease levels of violence against women. PMID:25125492

Grose, Rose Grace; Grabe, Shelly

2014-08-01

180

Psychological empowerment among urban youth: measure development and relationship to psychosocial functioning.  

PubMed

Although there are an increasing number of youth development programs that aim to empower young people, there is a dearth of psychometrically sound measures that can be used to assess flexible youth-led organizing and participatory research approaches that tackle a wide range of social and community problems. This study developed and tested measures of psychological empowerment (PE) and self-efficacy for research and action among a sample of 439 ethnically diverse adolescents primarily recruited from public high schools in an urban center. Items for the PE measure were generated through an iterative combination of conducting formative research with our target population while also drawing on existing theory and measures in the field. We conducted a confirmatory factor analysis of the PE measure, testing four factors: adolescents' motivation to influence their school and community settings; participatory behavior; sociopolitical skills; and perceived control. Psychometric analyses for the PE scales and their correlation with adolescents' report of self-esteem, academic achievement, caring relationships with adults at school, and social support from peers are reported; the implications of the present study for research and practice in the youth development and adolescent psychology field are considered. PMID:21606379

Ozer, Emily J; Schotland, Marieka

2011-08-01

181

The relationship between passion and the psychological well-being of professional dancers.  

PubMed

The Dualistic Model of Passion defines passion as an intense desire or enthusiasm for a self-defining activity that people love, consider important, and devote significant amounts of time and energy to. The model proposes two distinct types of passion, harmonious (HP) and obsessive (OP). HP occurs when the activity is autonomously internalized into the individual's life and identity, while OP is a result of a controlled internalization of the activity. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and type of passion professional dancers have for dance in relation to their psychological well-being, specifically eating attitudes, self-esteem, and perfectionism. Participants were 92 professional dancers, aged 19 to 35 years (M = 27.03, SD = 3.84), and mostly from the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada. Results revealed that HP positively predicted self-esteem (SE), while OP positively predicted self-evaluative perfectionism (SEP), conscientious perfectionism (CP), and disordered eating attitudes (EAT-26). Additionally, SEP was found to mediate the relationship between OP and EAT-26, suggesting that OP may lead to SEP, which could in turn motivate disordered eating. Overall, the results of this study have supported and extended previous research suggesting that the two types of passion can have divergent effects on aspects of psychological well-being. Findings indicate that HP should be encouraged and OP discouraged among dancers, for example, via autonomy supportive behaviors of teachers. PMID:24568802

Padham, Melissa; Aujla, Imogen

2014-03-01

182

The influence of family-work role experience and mastery on psychological health of Chinese employed mothers.  

PubMed

Four-hundred-and-thirty-five Chinese married nurses with children were surveyed on their family-work role experience, sense of mastery, and psychological distress. Hierarchical regression analyses showed spillover effects of role experience on psychological health as well as asymmetrical permeability of family and work boundaries. The hypothesis that mastery acted as a moderator between role experience and psychological health was supported. In general, a higher level of mastery augmented positive but mitigated negative influence of role experience on psychological functioning. Findings provide useful information to practitioners and policy makers on issues related to family-work stress and women's health in contemporary Chinese society. PMID:19858340

Tang, Catherine So-Kum

2009-11-01

183

The Relationships among Hope, Pain, Psychological Distress, and Spiritual Well-Being in Oncology Outpatients  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective Limited research in Taiwan and Europe suggest that hope is inversely correlated with certain dimensions of the pain experience. However, the relationship between hope and pain among oncology outpatients in the United States has not been evaluated. The aims of this study were to investigate the relationship between hope and cancer pain, after accounting for key psychological, demographic, and clinical characteristics. Design We enrolled a convenience sample of 78 patients who were receiving concurrent oncologic and symptom-focused care in a comprehensive cancer center. Patient demographic and clinical information was obtained from patient report and medical record review. Patients completed the Herth Hope Index, the Brief Pain Inventory, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Steinhauser Spiritual Concern Probe. Results Levels of hope were not associated with age, gender, or the presence of metastatic disease. Herth Hope Index scores were negatively correlated with average pain intensity (p=0.02), worst pain intensity (p<0.01), pain interference with function (p<0.05), anxiety (p<0.01), and depression (p<0.01), and were positively correlated with spiritual well-being scores (p<0.01). However, after controlling for depression and spiritual well-being with regression analysis, the relationship between pain intensity and hope was no longer significant. Conclusions While an association exists between the patients' experience of pain and levels of hope in this study, adjustment for depression and spiritual well being eliminates the relationship initially observed. Although the causal relationships have yet to be determined, in our study hope had a stronger connection to psycho-spiritual factors, than to pain experiences or severity. PMID:23101471

Evans, Carrie; Rabow, Michael W.

2013-01-01

184

An examination of serotonin and psychological variables in the relationship between exercise and mental health.  

PubMed

Research has revealed that exercise is effective for reducing symptoms of depression and anxiety. The mechanisms by which these reductions occur, however, have not been widely studied. To examine several potential theories, a prospective, randomized, 7-week exercise intervention was conducted. Untrained participants were randomly assigned to an aerobic exercise group or to a stretching-control group. Participants completed several questionnaires to assess psychological variables, including measures of depression and anxiety, and blood was drawn at pre- and post-test to measure serum serotonin levels. A mixed-design ANOVA revealed that the exercise group had lower levels of depression than the stretching-control group after the intervention. The exercise group also showed a larger percentage decrease in serotonin than the stretching-control group. This reduction in blood serotonin after exercise is similar to the effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Additionally, percent change in serotonin was found to partially mediate the relationship between exercise and depression. PMID:20030777

Wipfli, B; Landers, D; Nagoshi, C; Ringenbach, S

2011-06-01

185

Children Conceived by Gamete Donation: Psychological Adjustment and Mother-child Relationships at Age 7  

PubMed Central

An increasing number of babies are being born using donated sperm, where the child lacks a genetic link to the father, or donated eggs, where the child lacks a genetic link to the mother. This study examined the impact of telling children about their donor conception on mother-child relationships and children’s psychological adjustment. Assessments of maternal positivity, maternal negativity, mother-child interaction and child adjustment were administered to 32 egg donation, 36 donor insemination and 54 natural conception families with a 7-year-old child. Although no differences were found for maternal negativity or child adjustment, mothers in non-disclosing gamete donation families showed less positive interaction than mothers in natural conception families suggesting families may benefit from openness about the child’s genetic origins. PMID:21401244

Golombok, Susan; Readings, Jennifer; Blake, Lucy; Casey, Polly; Mellish, Laura; Marks, Alex; Jadva, Vasanti

2011-01-01

186

Quality of recipient-caregiver relationship and psychological distress are correlates of self-care agency after lung transplantation.  

PubMed

Self-care behaviors are crucial for following the complex regimen after lung transplantation, yet little is known about recipients' levels of self-care agency (the capability and willingness to engage in self-care behaviors) and its correlates. We examined levels of self-care agency and recipient characteristics (socio-demographics, psychological distress, quality of relationship with primary lay caregiver, and health locus of control) in 111 recipients. Based on Perceived Self-Care Agency scores, recipients were assigned to either the low- or high-self-care agency comparison group. Characteristics were compared between groups to identify characteristics likely to be associated with lower-self-care agency. Mean (SD) score for self-care agency (scale range, 53-265) was 223.02 (22.46). Recipients with lowest-self-care agency scores reported significantly poorer quality of caregiver relationships (p < 0.001) and greater psychological distress (p < 0.001). After controlling for psychological distress, the quality of the recipient-caregiver relationship remained significantly associated with self-care agency. Every one-point decrease in the quality of caregiver relationship increased the risk of low-self-care agency by 12%. Recipients with poorer caregiver relationships and greater psychological distress may need additional support to perform the self-care behaviors expected after lung transplantation. PMID:23004565

DeVito Dabbs, Annette; Terhorst, Lauren; Song, Mi-Kyung; Shellmer, Diana A; Aubrecht, Jill; Connolly, Mary; Dew, Mary Amanda

2013-01-01

187

Objective and Subjective Breast Cancer Risk: Relationships with Natural Killer Cell Activity and Psychological Distress in Healthy Women  

PubMed Central

Background Breast cancer (BC) risk, based on either known risk factors (objective) or self-assessment (subjective), may influence natural killer cell activity (NKCA) directly or through psychological distress. Objective The main objective of this study was to examine the relationships of objective and subjective BC risk with NKCA and a mediating role of psychological distress in a community sample of healthy women. Methods In a cross-sectional descriptive study, a convenience sample of 117 healthy women (mean age 36.5 years) completed questionnaires for BC risk and psychological distress and provided blood for NKCA measurement. Results Objective and subjective BC risk were positively correlated (p < .001). Regression analyses revealed that objective BC risk had a significant negative relationship with NKCA at the 12.5:1 effector-to-target (E:T) cell ratio (p = .011), whereas subjective risk was not associated with NKCA at any E:T cell ratio tested. Only subjective risk had a positive association with both BC-specific (p = .002) and general (p < .001) psychological distress. Psychological distress failed to mediate the relationship between subjective risk and NKCA. Conclusions Objective BC risk had a limited but significant relationship with NKCA. Subjective risk was highly associated with psychological distress but was not associated with NKCA. Implications for Practice Despite the limited relationships between BC risk and NKCA, the impact of BC risk on other tumor defense mechanisms needs to be further explored. Collective findings in this area will suggest early preventive strategies for monitoring BC risk and maintaining better tumor defense in healthy women. PMID:20562616

Park, Na-Jin; Kang, Duck-Hee; Weaver, Michael T.

2010-01-01

188

The mediating role of self-compassion in the relationship between victimization and psychological maladjustment in a sample of adolescents.  

PubMed

The objectives of the present study were to analyze the relationship between victimization and psychological maladjustment in adolescents and the role of self-compassion as a mediator in this relationship. The sample was composed of 109 adolescents aged from 15 to 18 years old with poor school performance. The participants filled out a battery of questionnaires made up of: a socio-demographic data questionnaire; the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ); the Youth Self-Report (YSR); and the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS). Results indicated that victimization was positively associated with psychological maladjustment. Moreover, adolescents reporting poly-victimization showed significantly higher level of psychological maladjustment and different types of victimization show different effects on adolescents' psychological maladjustment. Self-compassion partially mediated the relationship between victimization and psychological maladjustment and reduced negative consequences in adolescents who reported having been victimized. Adolescence is a time of development and search for identity in which strengthening personal protective factors could help overcome any traumas experienced. Therefore, developing self-compassion in adolescence could be a good way to help young people recover from bad experiences and protect themselves against future negative experiences. As self-compassion can be improved with practice it could be included in adolescent intervention and prevention programs. PMID:24811571

Játiva, Raquel; Cerezo, M Angeles

2014-07-01

189

Darpy D. & Prim-Allaz I (2008), Potential effects of psychological reactance and relationship proneness on relationships marketing programmes, Actes du 7th  

E-print Network

Darpy D. & Prim-Allaz I (2008), Potential effects of psychological reactance and relationship.darpy@dauphine.fr Isabelle Prim-Allaz Assistant Professor, University of Lyon 2 Coactis research center, EA 4161 14 avenue Berthelot 69363 Lyon Cx Email : Isabelle.Prim-Allaz@univ-lyon2.fr This research has received financial

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

190

Perceptions of employment relations and permanence in the organization: mediating effects of affective commitment in relations of psychological contract and intention to quit.  

PubMed

Working conditions in call/contact centers influence employees' perceptions of their relations with the organization and their attitudes to work. Such perceptions can be analyzed through the psychological contract. The association between the relational/transactional orientation of the psychological contract and intention to quit the organization was examined, as well as the mediating role of affective commitment in employment relations. Data were collected from 973 employees in a cross-sectional survey. Analysis confirmed that there was a statistically significant relation between the orientation of the psychological contract and intention to quit, which was positive for transactionally oriented and negative for relationally oriented contracts. A mediating role for affective commitment was also confirmed, and a full mediating effect was reported for both orientations. PMID:22897088

Alcover, Carlos-María; Martínez-Iñigo, David; Chambel, Maria José

2012-06-01

191

Parent-Adolescent Relationship Quality and Nondisclosure as Mediators of the Association between Exposure to Community Violence and Psychological Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: African American youth residing in urban poverty have been shown to be at increased risk for exposure to violence and for psychological symptoms, but there has been little investigation of mediating processes that might explain this association. Objectives: This study tested the quality of parent-adolescent relationships and adolescent…

Dinizulu, Sonya Mathies; Grant, Kathryn E.; Bryant, Fred B.; Boustani, Maya M.; Tyler, Donald; McIntosh, Jeanne M.

2014-01-01

192

An Examination of the Relationship Between General Life Stress, Racism-Related Stress, and Psychological Health Among Black Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored the relationship among general life stress, racism-related stress, and psychological health in a sample of 220 Black men. Participants completed a personal data form, the Perceived Stress Scale (S. Cohen, T. Kamarck, & R. Mermelstein, 1983), a modified version of the Schedule of Racist Events (H. Landrine & E. A. Klonoff, 1996), and the Mental Health Inventory

Alex L. Pieterse; Robert T. Carter

2007-01-01

193

The impact of psychological contracts upon trust and commitment within supplier–buyer relationships: A social exchange view  

Microsoft Academic Search

Central to this study is the emerging body of knowledge describing how social exchange relationships are being nurtured. A random sample of 343 Australian distributor firms from within the motorized vehicle industry was used to test a model developed on the basis of social exchange theory. Psychological contracts are perceptual in nature and were found to encompass reciprocal obligations stemming

Russel P. J. Kingshott

2006-01-01

194

Relationship between Multiple Sources of Perceived Social Support and Psychological and Academic Adjustment in Early Adolescence: Comparisons across Gender  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study investigated gender differences in the relationship between sources of perceived support (parent, teacher, classmate, friend, school) and psychological and academic adjustment in a sample of 636 (49% male) middle school students. Longitudinal data were collected at two time points in the same school year. The study provided…

Rueger, Sandra Yu; Malecki, Christine Kerres; Demaray, Michelle Kilpatrick

2010-01-01

195

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY USE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SYMPTOMS: NO EFFECTS FOUND IN A NEW ZEALAND SAMPLE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) for treatment of negative mood or affect, including problems such as depression, is not recommended in current public health guidelines or by reviewers of recent scientific findings. In this article we describe a preliminary examination of the relationship of HRT use to psychological affect and distress in the general population of middle-aged New

Christine Stephens; Nicola Ross

2002-01-01

196

An Examination of the Relationship between General Life Stress, Racism-Related Stress, and Psychological Health among Black Men  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the relationship among general life stress, racism-related stress, and psychological health in a sample of 220 Black men. Participants completed a personal data form, the Perceived Stress Scale (S. Cohen, T. Kamarck, & R. Mermelstein, 1983), a modified version of the Schedule of Racist Events (H. Landrine & E. A. Klonoff,…

Pieterse, Alex L.; Carter, Robert T.

2007-01-01

197

The Relationships among Academic Attitudes, Psychological Attitudes, and the First-Semester Academic Achievement of First-Year College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the relationships among academic and psychological attitudes and academic achievement of first-year students. The College Resilience Scale, the Academic Motivation Scale, the College Self-Efficacy Inventory, and the University Environment Scale were administered to 164 first-year undergraduate students enrolled at a large RU/VH…

Reynolds, Amy L.; Weigand, Matthew J.

2010-01-01

198

Experiencing organizational change in Greece: the framework of psychological contract  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine antecedents and outcomes of psychological contract violation in parallel with perceptions of psychological contract fulfilment in the Greek banking sector. We demonstrated that violation mediated the relation between breach and attitudinal outcomes. Trust in the employer partially mediated the relationship of breach and violation with employee attitudes. Finally, careerism moderated the relationship of perceived breach and organizational commitment.

Maria Tomprou; Ioannis Nikolaou; Maria Vakola

2012-01-01

199

Experiencing organizational change in Greece: the framework of psychological contract  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine antecedents and outcomes of psychological contract violation in parallel with perceptions of psychological contract fulfilment in the Greek banking sector. We demonstrated that violation mediated the relation between breach and attitudinal outcomes. Trust in the employer partially mediated the relationship of breach and violation with employee attitudes. Finally, careerism moderated the relationship of perceived breach and organizational commitment.

Maria Tomprou; Ioannis Nikolaou; Maria Vakola

2011-01-01

200

Information technology and the employment relationship : an examination of the adoption and use of electronic health records  

E-print Network

This dissertation advances theory on the interplay of workplace technological change and features of the employment relationship to inform an active policy debate. In particular, many connect US healthcare's lackluster ...

Litwin, Adam Seth

2008-01-01

201

An Analysis of the Relationship between Principal Employment Interview Scores and the Achievement Scores of Students with Specific Learning Disabilities  

E-print Network

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between five of ISSLC's 2008 leadership standards as measured by a standardized employment interview (ICIS Principal) and the achievement of students with specific learning...

Ostmeyer, Susan

2012-05-31

202

Investigating the Relationship between Teenage Childbearing and Psychological Distress Using Longitudinal Evidence*  

PubMed Central

The high levels of depression among teenage mothers have received considerable research attention in smaller targeted samples, but a large-scale examination of the complex relationship between adolescent childbearing and psychological distress that explores bidirectional causality is needed. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study—Birth Cohort, we found that teenage mothers had higher levels of distress than their childless adolescent peers and adult mothers, but the experience of teenage childbearing did not appear to be the cause. Rather, teenage mothers’ distress levels were already higher than their peers before they became pregnant, and they remained higher after childbearing and into early and middle adulthood. We also found that distress did not increase the likelihood of adolescent childbearing except among poor teenagers. In this group, experiencing high levels of distress markedly increased the probability of becoming a teenage mother. Among nonpoor teenage girls, the relationship between distress and subsequent teenage childbearing was spurious. PMID:19711808

MOLLBORN, STEFANIE; MORNINGSTAR, ELIZABETH

2011-01-01

203

Investigating the relationship between teenage childbearing and psychological distress using longitudinal evidence.  

PubMed

The high levels of depression among teenage mothers have received considerable research attention in smaller targeted samples, but a large-scale examination of the complex relationship between adolescent childbearing and psychological distress that explores bidirectional causality is needed. Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) and the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Birth Cohort, we found that teenage mothers had higher levels of distress than their childless adolescent peers and adult mothers, but the experience of teenage childbearing did not appear to be the cause. Rather teenage mothers' distress levels were already higher than their peers before they became pregnant, and they remained higher after childbearing and into early and middle adulthood. We also found that distress did not increase the likelihood of adolescent childbearing except among poor teenagers. In this group, experiencing high levels of distress markedly increased the probability of becoming a teenage mother Among nonpoor teenage girls, the relationship between distress and subsequent teenage childbearing was spurious. PMID:19711808

Mollborn, Stefanie; Morningstar, Elizabeth

2009-09-01

204

Job strain and other work conditions: relationships with psychological distress among civil servants in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  In developing countries, traditional sources of employment and work practices have changed rapidly and work environment has\\u000a appeared as an important factor associated with an increased prevalence of mental disorders in these countries.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Aims  To investigate the association between job strain and other work characteristics with psychological distress, and to estimate\\u000a the contextual effects of different working environments on psychological distress,

Claudia S. Lopes; Ricardo Araya; Guilherme L. Werneck; Dóra Chor; Eduardo Faerstein

2010-01-01

205

[Psychological and psychiatric problems in cancer patients: relationship to the localization of the disease].  

PubMed

Cancer may be localized in a variety of areas in the human body. This localization is associated with significant issues concerning not only therapy and prognosis but also psychological and psychiatric problems that the patient may be confronted with. The psychic impact on the patient is determined to a significant degree by the symbolism the affected organ carries. The symbolic significance of a sick body area triggers emotions and sets in motion self-defence mechanisms. In this way, patients deal with the new psychic reality that cancer creates. Therapeutic choices may include interventions, involving mutilation, which cause disfigurement and major consequences in the body image which result in narcissistic injuries. The phenomenology of anxiety and depressive disorders is connected to the affected body area. The appearance of cancer not only in sexual organs but also in other body areas, may disturb sexual function and therefore lead to sexual disorders. Especially, head and neck are connected with vital functions. This area of the body has had a major impact on psychic reality since early life. Complicated psychic functions have developed in relation to organs of the head and neck. Therefore, localization of cancer in this area leads to individual psychological and psychiatric problems, since eating and breathing are harmed, verbal communication becomes difficult and body image alters. Also, increased incidence of alcohol and nicotine abuse in these patients reflects special aspects of psychic structure and personality. Because of severe somatic symptoms and poor prognosis, lung cancer patients feel hopelessness and helplessness. Patients with gynaecological cancer are confronted with a disease that affects organs like breast and internal female sexual organs associated with femininity, attractiveness and fertility. Dietary habits are often a source of guilt for patients who suffer from cancer of the gastrointestinal tract. Additionally, stomas, as colostomy, affect body image and cause feelings of embarrassment with severe consequences on the patient's sense of wellbeing, his or her daily activities, interpersonal relationships or sexuality. Depressive symptoms often occur in prodromal stages of pancreatic cancer. Depression is a common diagnosis in patients with prostate cancer. Prostatectomy negatively affects patient's self-esteem, because it might be experienced as a threat to his sexual life. Disfigurement is related to skin cancer because of both cancer and surgical procedures. Therefore, it is a challenge for modern psycho-oncology to identify those patients who are vulnerable in developing psychiatric symptoms, to early diagnose anxiety and depression and to use psychotherapeutic interventions targeting individual psychological and psychiatric problems in relation to the localization of disease in the human body. PMID:22549040

Moussas, G I; Papadopoulou, A G; Christodoulaki, A G; Karkanias, A P

2012-01-01

206

Relationship among self-esteem, psychological reactance, and other personality variables.  

PubMed

69 women and 42 men responded to the Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory, the Revised UCLA Loneliness Scale, the Hong Psychological Reactance Scale, and the Famous Sayings test. Also, subjects rated their happiness using a Likert scale. Men scored significantly higher than did women on the UCLA Loneliness, Hostility, and Psychological Reactance measures, and lower on the Conventional Mores and Social Acquiescence measures. Loneliness scores positively correlated with Psychological Reactance scores and negatively with Self-esteem and Conventional Mores scores and with happiness self-ratings for both sexes. Men who scored higher on Psychological Reactance tended to score lower on Conventional Mores. Happiness ratings correlated negatively with Psychological Reactance for all subjects and positively with Conventional Mores for men subjects only. Women's self-esteem scores correlated positively with self-ratings of happiness and negatively with Psychological Reactance, Hostility, and Fear of Failure. Finally, women's Psychological Reactance scores correlated positively with those on Bass's Fear of Failure scale. PMID:2385703

Joubert, C E

1990-06-01

207

Testing self-determined motivation as a mediator of the relationship between psychological needs and affective and behavioral outcomes.  

PubMed

Self-determination theory suggests that when psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness are met, participants experience more self-determined types of motivation and more positive outcomes. Limited research has examined this mediational role of self-determined motivation in adult physical activity participants, and very few studies have included assessments of relatedness. This study tested the hypothesis that self-determined motivation would mediate the relationship between psychological need fulfillment and affective and behavioral outcomes. Adult dragon boaters (N = 558) between the ages of 19 and 83 completed a questionnaire on motivational aspects of dragon boating. Competence, relatedness, and autonomy all significantly predicted self-determined motivation, but self-determined motivation only partially mediated their relationship with positive and negative affect. These findings demonstrate the importance of all three needs in adult activity motivation and suggest that the relationships between needs, self-determination, and outcomes may be complex. PMID:18089897

McDonough, Meghan H; Crocker, Peter R E

2007-10-01

208

Do Academic/Corporate Partnerships Pose New Threats to Faculty Employment Relationships in Institutions of Higher Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of academic/corporate partnerships on employment relationships on college campuses is examined, with attention to the concerns of faculty, administrations, and corporations. Topics such as patent and copyright ownership, conflict of interest, and collective bargaining relationships are discussed, along with the question of negotiating…

Douglas, Joel M., Ed.

1984-01-01

209

Relationships among type A behavior, employment experiences, and gender: the Minnesota Heart Survey.  

PubMed

Previous studies indicate that Type A behavior is more prevalent among men than women. This sex difference may reflect variations in men's and women's job experiences, some of which may act as catalysts for Type A behavior. This study examines the relationship of Type A behavior (measured by the Jenkins Activity Survey) to men's and women's work hours, occupational mobility, and job-related interactions, using data from a population-based survey of 2512 employed men and women conducted in Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minnesota, between 1980 and 1982. Among both sexes, Type A behavior is related to long work hours, high occupational mobility, and nonsupportive interactions with co-workers, all job experiences more common for men than for women. No sex differences are found in the relationships between Type A behavior and these job experiences. Also, no sex difference is observed in the unadjusted Type A scores or in these scores when either age, education, or marital status is taken into account. The expected direction of the sex difference in Type A behavior is reversed when work hours are controlled: women have a higher Type A score than men when work hours are considered. PMID:3669068

Sorensen, G; Jacobs, D R; Pirie, P; Folsom, A; Luepker, R; Gillum, R

1987-08-01

210

Protective buffering and psychological distress among couples coping with breast cancer: The moderating role of relationship satisfaction.  

PubMed

This study examined whether the association between protective buffering and psychological distress was moderated by relationship satisfaction. Protective buffering is defined as hiding worries, denying concerns, and yielding to one's partner in an effort to avoid disagreement and reduce one's partner's upset and burden. Two hundred thirty-five women diagnosed with early stage breast cancer and their partners completed measures of protective buffering, psychological distress, and relationship satisfaction at 3 time points over an 18-month period after cancer diagnosis. The authors hypothesized that protective buffering would result in more distress among patients and partners reporting higher relationship satisfaction than among patients and partners reporting lower levels of relationship satisfaction. Patients' protective buffering predicted more distress among patients rating their relationships as more satisfactory, whereas the patients' buffering did not predict distress among patients rating their relationships as less satisfactory. Partner relationship satisfaction also moderated the association between patients' buffering and partners' distress. These findings elucidate conditions under which protective buffering may have detrimental effects. PMID:17874923

Manne, Sharon L; Norton, Tina R; Ostroff, Jamie S; Winkel, Gary; Fox, Kevin; Grana, Generosa

2007-09-01

211

The relationship between selected psychological traits and fear of success in senior elite level wrestlers.  

PubMed

The present study sought to examine the relationship between selected psychological traits as measured by the Institute for Personality and Ability Testing (IPAT) 16 PF inventory and fear of success as measured by the Fear of Success Scale (FOSS). The subjects were 36 Senior elite wrestlers (age 20-25) who were invited to the Colorado Springs Olympic Training Center to prepare for an up-coming inter-national competition. A stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that the following 16 PF factors predicted fear of success (p less than .05): IPAT-Q4, IPAT-L, IPAT-E, and IPAT-O. The multiple R was .75 and the R2 was 57.78%. Interpretation of the results suggest that while this sample of Senior elite wrestlers generally exhibit extremely low fear of success scores, athletes who are tense, frustrated, apprehensive, submissive, humble, and trusting tend to be more fearful of the consequences of success than those who are relaxed, unfrustrated, self-assured, assertive, competitive, and suspecting. PMID:3815711

Hardy, C J; Silva, J M

1986-12-01

212

Relationship between ethnic backgrounds, family socioeconomic status, leisure participation, and psychological well-being.  

PubMed

Relations between ethnic backgrounds, family socioeconomic status, leisure participation, and psychological well-being were explored. Participants returned 827 valid pencil-and-paper surveys. An increase in student-athlete leisure participation was associated with better psychological well-being and sense of accomplishment. Compared with Aboriginal student-athletes, Han student-athletes had higher passive leisure participation; there was no correlation between their families' socioeconomic status and the student-athletes' leisure participation or psychological well-being. PMID:24611242

Hung, Hank; Lee, Chia Wen

2013-10-01

213

Expatriate Managers and the Psychological Contract  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors investigate employer practices toward expatriate managers and how those practices relate to retention-relevant outcomes (e.g., organizational commitment, intent to quit, and intent to return early to a domestic assignment). The psychological contract is investigated as a mediator of this relationship. A model in which the psychological contract mediates the relationship between organizational practices and retention-relevant outcomes is empirically

Richard A. Guzzo; Katherine A. Noonan; Efrat Elron

1994-01-01

214

The Relationship Between Psychological Development, Quality Reading, & Library Service: An Exploratory, Statistical Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The researcher believed that the value of library service could best be measured by its ability to contribute to psychological development via quality reading. Questionnaires were administered to 34 college students, ranging from freshmen to graduate students. The students were tested to determine each individual's level of psychological

Corrick, Annabelle L.

215

The report of posttraumatic growth in Malaysian cancer patients: relationships with psychological distress and coping strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The challenge of a cancer diagnosis may eventually lead to the experience of positive psychological changes, also referred to as posttraumatic growth. As most research on posttraumatic growth in cancer patients has been conducted in Western countries, little is known about the experience of such positive psychological changes in non-Western countries. Therefore, the purpose of this cross-sectional study was

Maya J. Schroevers; Irene Teo

2008-01-01

216

The Relationships between Students' Use of Instant Messaging and Their Psychological Sense of Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to understand the extent to which students' psychological sense of community was influenced by IM use using the psychological sense of community theoretical framework created by McMillan and Chavis (1986), and the student development theoretical frameworks created by Schlossberg (1989) and Astin (1984). Thus, this…

Thomas, Amanda Garland

2009-01-01

217

Supervisee gender role identity and supervisory style and the supervisory relationship in school psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

To date, little has been written concerning gender role identity within the context of supervision, particularly in school psychology. ^ School psychology interns (N = 114) completed a series of questionnaires to determine their gender role identity, perception of their supervisor's supervisory style, perception of their working alliance with their supervisor, overall satisfaction with supervision, and demographics. Participants were assigned

Jennifer Cari Epstein-DAgate

2003-01-01

218

Psychological and implied contracts in organizations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two forms of unwritten contracts derive from relations between organizations and their members. Psychological contracts are individual beliefs in a reciprocal obligation between the individual and the organization. Implied contracts are mutual obligations characterizing interactions existing at the level of the relationship (e.g., dyadic, interunit). Employee\\/employer relations and changing conditions of employment give rise to issues not addressed in conventional

Denise M. Rousseau

1989-01-01

219

Does severity predict distress? The relationship between subjective and objective measures of appearance and psychological adjustment, during treatment for facial lipoatrophy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The intuitive or lay belief that the severity of a disfiguring condition predicts psychological distress is not demonstrated in clinical practice, nor in research studies. This within group study used standardised measures repeated at six month intervals, to investigate the relationship between subjective and objective measures of appearance and psychological adjustment in 51 patients undergoing treatment for facial lipoatrophy using

Juling Ong; Alex Clarke; Paul H. White; Margaret Johnson; Simon Withey; Peter E. M. Butler

2007-01-01

220

The Relationship between Psychological Type and Performance in a Copywriting Course or Why F. Scott Fitzgerald Didn't Make It As a Copywriter.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to determine whether there is a relationship between the psychological types of copywriting students and performance in a copywriting class. The goal was to develop a program of instruction which would systematically alter psychological makeup in a constructive manner to enable students to become better copywriters. Subjects,…

McCann, Guy

221

The relationship of psychological-mindedness to adult perceptions of early parental rejection.  

PubMed

We tested the hypothesis that highly psychologically minded individuals perceive having grown up with rejecting parents. A Psychological Mindedness (PM) Scale, and the Parent-Child Relations Questionnaire II (PCR), were administered to 120 college students. Contrary to prediction, a significant negative correlation was found between PM and perceptions of early maternal rejection. Psychological-mindedness, it was suggested, may be attributable to "good enough mothering" and may be learned through modeling and imitation of mothers' empathic perceptions, affective responses, and behavior. PMID:9840779

Alvarez, J R; Farber, B A; Schonbar, R A

1998-12-01

222

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology  

E-print Network

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is concerned with both physical and psychological changes throughout life-- from conception until death. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching Program Developmental Psychology is a specialized major within Psychology that focuses on child

223

Relationship of prenatal cocaine exposure and maternal postpartum psychological distress to child developmental outcome  

PubMed Central

Maternal cocaine use during pregnancy can affect the infant directly through toxic effects or indirectly through cocaine’s influence on maternal psychological status. We followed 160 cocaine exposed and 56 nonexposed infants and their mothers identified at birth through interview and/or urine screen. Although cocaine exposure defined the groups, infant exposure to alcohol, marijuana, and tobacco was allowed to vary. Infants were 99% African American and poor. All mothers completed the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and infants were given the Bayley Scales of Mental (MDI) and Motor (PDI) Development at a mean corrected age of 17 ± 8 months. Both MDIs (94 ± 17 vs. 103 ± 16) and PDIs (101 ± 16 vs. 108 ± 12) were lower for cocaine exposed infants. Psychological distress was greater in cocaine using mothers. Hierarchical multiple regression was used to assess the relative effects of gestational age, maternal psychological distress, and cocaine and polydrug exposure on infant outcomes. Both psychological distress and cocaine and alcohol exposure predicted lower MDIs after controlling for prematurity. Neither psychological distress nor alcohol exposure predicted motor outcome, while cocaine had a significant effect. Tobacco and marijuana exposure were unrelated to outcome. These findings provide further support for direct effects of cocaine and alcohol on infant development, as well as highlight the need for studies to document maternal psychological factors, which may increase child risk for poorer outcomes. PMID:9327234

SINGER, LYNN; ARENDT, ROBERT; FARKAS, KATHLEEN; MINNES, SONIA; HUANG, JIE; YAMASHITA, TOYOKO

2014-01-01

224

Personality and Adult Sibling Relationships: A Preliminary Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The limited research that exists about sibling relationships during adulthood has employed primarily sociological variables. Psychological aspects of the sibling relationship were explored in a sample of 35 women and 9 men with a mean age of 59. Subjects completed the California Psychological Inventory, the Scale of Sibling Relationships, and the…

Noberini, Mary Rose; And Others

225

Psychosocial and Demographic Correlates of Employment versus Disability Status in a National Community Sample of Adults with Chronic Pain: Toward a Psychology of Pain Presenteeism  

PubMed Central

Background Although chronic pain is a source of work-related disability, relatively little research has addressed the psychological factors that differentiate individuals in chronic pain who leave the workforce from those who remain on the job despite their pain. Objective The present study examined a small set of attitudinal and coping-related factors as potential correlates of pain-related disability versus continued part- or full time employment over and above the role of well-known risk factors. Methods A large sample of adult men and women with chronic pain drawn from across the United States (N= 1293) by means of random digit dialing was subdivided into two groups: working (N = 859) and on disability (N = 434). Both groups were interviewed (by telephone) to complete a set of instruments (called the Profile of Chronic Pain: Extended Assessment [PCP: EA] Battery) measuring pain attitudes and coping methods. Results Logistic regression analysis revealed, as expected, that continued employment status was inversely related to pain severity and work status was positively related to higher education and being Hispanic. After controlling for severity and demographic factors, belief in a medical cure and catastrophizing tendencies were significant inverse predictors and task persistence was a positive predictor of continued employment. Conclusions Results revealed both demographic and attitudinal predictors of continued employment, and highlight the value of harnessing insights from the psychology of work engagement to better understand the processes underlying pain presenteeism. Interventions designed to keep persons with pain in the active work force should build upon and extend the present findings. PMID:24010682

Karoly, Paul; Ruehlman, Linda S.; Okun, Morris A.

2013-01-01

226

A Longitudinal Study of the Relationships Among Job Search Self-Efficacy, Job Interviews, and Employment Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the relationships among job search self-efficacy beliefs, number of job interviews participated in, and job search outcomes using data collected from graduating college job seekers at multiple points in their respective job searches. Results indicate that job search self-efficacy is positively related to number of total offers and number of offers from a preferred employer. Consistent with

Lisa M. Moynihan; Mark V. Roehling; Marcie A. LePine; Wendy R. Boswell

2003-01-01

227

Relationship of Child Abuse to the Workplace: Employer-Based Strategies for Prevention. Prevention Focus Working Paper No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This background paper examines the relationship between child abuse and the workplace and discusses employer-based strategies that can reduce the stress levels of working parents and provide a buffer against problems of child abuse and neglect. Part 1, "Child Abuse and the World of Work," discusses the kinds of stress experienced by working…

Coolson, Peter

228

The Relationship between Perceived Computer Competence and the Employment Outcomes of Transition-Aged Youths with Visual Impairments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: The study reported here explored the relationship between the self-perceived computer competence and employment outcomes of transition-aged youths with visual impairments. Methods: Data on 200 in-school youths and 190 out-of-school youths with a primary disability of visual impairment were retrieved from the database of the first…

Zhou, Li; Smith, Derrick W.; Parker, Amy T.; Griffin-Shirley, Nora

2013-01-01

229

Understanding the Relationships among PISA Scores, Economic Growth and Employment in Different Sectors: A Cross-Country Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the relationship between Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) scores in mathematics, science and reading and the employment rates in the following four economic activities: research and development, agriculture, industry, and service industries. Thirty-three countries were included in the study, and most…

Cheung, Hoi Yan; Chan, Alex W. H.

2008-01-01

230

A cross-cultural investigation into the relationships among parental support for basic psychological needs, sense of uniqueness, and happiness.  

PubMed

A significant number of empirical studies have reported that parental support for basic psychological needs is a robust correlate of adolescent happiness. Yet, less is known about the mechanisms responsible for this link. The present study proposed a model suggesting that personal sense of uniqueness explains why satisfaction of basic psychological needs in parent-child relationships is related to happiness. This mediational model was tested among late adolescents in Turkey and the United States. Analyses relying on structural equation modeling and bootstrapping supported the model in both cultures. Implications of the findings for theory and cross-cultural research are discussed. Directions for future research that could improve our understanding of the dynamic interplay between basic needs, sense of uniqueness and well-being are provided. PMID:24946386

Sim?ek, Omer Faruk; Demir, Melik?ah

2014-01-01

231

Global integrative meaning as a mediating factor in the relationship between social roles and psychological distress.  

PubMed

Previous scholars' attempts to account for the salutary effects of social roles (i.e., employment, marriage, and parenting) on distress have considered the mediating effects of role-specific identity meaning. These attempts, however, have had limited success. I argue that social roles affect distress because they provide a global integrative meaning and that this integrative concept of meaning is theoretically different from role-specific identity meaning. My data were drawn from a national probability sample of 2,248 respondents age 18 years and over. My results provide substantial evidence that social roles have a salutary relationship on distress and that integrative meaning mediates these effects. The effects of the marriage and parenting roles on distress are the most affected by the mediating effects of integrative meaning. My discussion addresses these findings in light of recent research which considers other theoretically important and potentially related constructs such as role-specific identity meaning, global self-esteem and role-specific self-esteem. PMID:9785694

Burton, R P

1998-09-01

232

Research in developmental psychology on gender and relationships: reflections on the past and looking into the future.  

PubMed

Recent historical trends and current directions in the study of children's gender and relationships are reviewed using Maccoby and Jacklin's (1974)?The Psychology of Sex Differences as a reference point. Since the publication of Maccoby and Jacklin's review, researchers have questioned the extent and the magnitude of gender differences in social behaviour as well as the degree to which parents play a primary role in gender development. More attention is now paid to the impact of gender-segregated peer groups and other social relationships (e.g., friendships, romantic relationships) as well as cognitive-motivational and biological processes. Furthermore, the role of the larger social-structural context is addressed in studies of sexism and gender bias during childhood and adolescence. Recommendations for future research are offered. PMID:21592154

Leaper, Campbell

2011-06-01

233

Exploiting the exploited: The psychological contract, workplace domination and symbolic violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we argue that the concept of the psychological contract can be understood as a discourse that reflects dominant managerial ideologies regarding the nature of the employment relationship. Using qualitative case study data collected from employers and employees working in small businesses in the private care sector, we illustrate how participation in the discourse of the psychological contract

Penny Dick; Sara Nadin

2011-01-01

234

To Pay or Not To Pay: Differentiating Employment And Training Relationships Through Regulation And Litigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fair Labor Standards Act (1938), administered by the U.S. Department of Labor, utilizes criteria established in landmark Supreme Court cases to distinguish nonpaid instructional work experiences from paid employment. Special Education teachers involved in developing jobs for students with disabilities should understand this distinction in order to prevent problems that could accrue from providing employment-related instruction without pay, when

Ian Pumpian; Douglas Fisher; Nicholas J. Certo; Thomas Engel; Denise Mautz

1998-01-01

235

Informal Employment Relationships and Labor Market Segmentation in Transition Economies: Evidence from Ukraine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on informal employment in transition countries has been very limited because of a lack of appropriate data. A new rich panel data set from Ukraine, the Ukrainian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (ULMS), enables us to provide some empirical evidence on informal employment in Ukraine and the validity of the three schools of thought in the literature on the role of

Hartmut Lehmann; Norberto Pignatti

2008-01-01

236

Cultural entrepreneurialism: on the changing relationship between the arts, culture and employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: In recent years, there has been a rapid rise in “atypical”, precarious forms of employment in all European Union states, and the political significance of the issue of “employment in the cultural sector” has increased noticeably. There are several reasons for this. One is the change from a post-industrial economy to a cultural economy and a forced process of

Andrea Ellmeier

2003-01-01

237

The Relationship of Personality Traits to the Employment Status of Persons Who Are Blind.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two levels of education (high school or less, or training beyond high school) and nine content scales of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 were used to predict employment-related outcomes of 109 blind adults. Education, anger, cynicism, obsessiveness, and family problems were significant predictors of employability. Self-esteem,…

Hagemoser, S. D.

1996-01-01

238

Ideals or compromises? The attitude–behaviour relationship in mothers' employment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the marked variations in women's employment that exist within and across countries, with a specific focus on mothers of children below school-going age. Using comparative survey data for 26 countries, it investigates the determinants of maternal employment behaviour with women's attitudes as important predictors, alongside cost–benefit considerations and the influence of national context factors. Results show that

Nadia Steiber; Barbara Haas

2009-01-01

239

On the psychological barriers to the workplace: When and why metastereotyping undermines employability beliefs of women and ethnic minorities.  

PubMed

We investigated the effect of how one might expect one's group to be viewed by a dominant outgroup (i.e., metastereotypes) on employability beliefs of members of disadvantaged groups. Based on the extensive literature on stereotype threat, we hypothesized that activating negative metastereotypes would undermine employability beliefs of members of disadvantaged groups, because such beliefs are likely to threaten their state self-esteem. In particular, we expected that an effect of negative metastereotyping on employability beliefs would be explained by momentary self-doubts and be particularly evident among members whose dispositional self-esteem is high rather than low to begin with. Taken jointly, results from a correlational study (n = 80) and an experimental study (n = 56) supported these hypotheses, and discussion focuses on their implications for mobility into the workplace. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:25313432

Owuamalam, Chuma Kevin; Zagefka, Hanna

2014-10-01

240

On the Psychological Barriers to the Workplace: When and Why Metastereotyping Undermines Employability Beliefs of Women and Ethnic Minorities  

PubMed Central

We investigated the effect of how one might expect one’s group to be viewed by a dominant outgroup (i.e., metastereotypes) on employability beliefs of members of disadvantaged groups. Based on the extensive literature on stereotype threat, we hypothesized that activating negative metastereotypes would undermine employability beliefs of members of disadvantaged groups, because such beliefs are likely to threaten their state self-esteem. In particular, we expected that an effect of negative metastereotyping on employability beliefs would be explained by momentary self-doubts and be particularly evident among members whose dispositional self-esteem is high rather than low to begin with. Taken jointly, results from a correlational study (n = 80) and an experimental study (n = 56) supported these hypotheses, and discussion focuses on their implications for mobility into the workplace. PMID:25313432

2014-01-01

241

Student Handbook Doctoral Subprogram in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Student Handbook Doctoral Subprogram in Clinical Psychology The City...................................................................................................5 C. The Clinical Psychology Subprogram: Relationship with the Graduate

Johnson Jr.,, Ray

242

Modeling the Relationship Between Sexual Psychology and Sexual Behavior Based on Questionnaire Surveys: Problems and purpose  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because human sexuality possesses both innate and acquired aspects, durable model of it have been difficult to construct. But in order propose new policies for sex education suited to pupils' needs, it is necessary to investigate their multi-faceted psychology and behavior. To this end, the current contribution reviews the theoretical and methodological approaches of, and problems regarding, previous research in

Yang CAO

243

The relationships between objective and subjective ratings of disfigurement severity, and psychological adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the role of the objectively and subjectively rated severity of appearance problems is often debated, the impact of severity upon psychological adjustment has yet to be explored fully. In this study, 400 patients with a range of physical differences in appearance were recruited through general plastic surgery outpatient clinics and waiting lists. Patients completed the Derriford Appearance Scale 24

Timothy P. Moss

2005-01-01

244

The Minimizing Style: Perceptions of Psychological Abuse and Quality of Past and Current Relationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of 90 adults found non-abused individuals reported the highest level of maternal warmth and affection and those that acknowledged consistent abuse (Acknowledgers) reported the lowest. While adults who minimized their abuse (Minimizers) and Acknowledgers reported similar levels of psychologically abusive experiences, Acknowledgers reported…

Varia, Rachna; Abidin, Richard R.

1999-01-01

245

A Psychological Biathlon: The Relationship between Level of Experiential Avoidance and Perseverance on Two Challenging Tasks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The degree to which experiential avoidance may represent a functional response class was examined by comparing the perseverance of participants displaying high versus low levels of experiential avoidance, as assessed by the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire (Hayes et al., 2004), during a "psychological biathlon" consisting of 2 challenging tasks…

Zettle, Robert D.; Barner, Stacy L.; Gird, Suzanne R.; Boone, Linda T.; Renollet, Debra L.; Burdsal, Charles A.

2012-01-01

246

The relationship between masculine gender role stress and psychological adjustment: A question of construct validity?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Masculine gender role stress is a theoretical construct that describes the stress created in men when they feel they are not meeting society's expectations for masculinity, or when the situation forces men to act in feminine-typed ways. The stress produced by these feelings or actions are thought to be related to negative psychological outcomes for men, but should be unrelated

Donald R. McCreary; Frank Y. Wong; Willie Wiener; Kenneth M. Carpenter; Amy Engle; Pauline Nelson

1996-01-01

247

Examining Relationships between Ethnic Identity, Family Environment, and Psychological Outcomes for African American Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ethnic identity has been linked to a number of healthy psychological outcomes for African American adolescents. The levels of conflict and cohesion in the family environment have also been found to be predictive of adolescent mental health. This study examined whether the ethnic identity and levels of conflict and cohesion in the family…

Street, Jalika; Harris-Britt, April; Walker-Barnes, Chanequa

2009-01-01

248

The Relationship between Childhood Abuse, Psychological Symptoms and Subsequent Sex Offending  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Childhood sexual and physical abuse has been related to subsequent offending behaviour in non-disabled individuals as well as people with intellectual disabilities, but there is a dearth of research examining the link between these two characteristics and psychological, behavioural and psychiatric symptoms amongst sex offenders with…

Hayes, Susan

2009-01-01

249

Making Sense of the APA: A History of the Relationship Between Psychology and the Military  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Psychological Association (APA) has been steadfast in its position that psychologists must have the right to participate in interrogations in U.S.-run illegal detention centers. One wonders why the APA is so resolute in this view especially in light of the opposition to involvement in these sites by all other relevant professional organizations. This paper offers an answer to

Frank Summers

2008-01-01

250

The Relationship between Psychological Contract Breach and Employee Deviance: The Moderating Role of Hostile Attributional Style  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the main effects and the interaction effects of psychological contract breach and hostile attributional style on employee deviance (i.e., interpersonal deviance and organizational deviance). Data were collected from 233 employees and their supervisors in eight electronic companies in Taiwan. Results demonstrate that…

Chiu, Su-Fen; Peng, Jei-Chen

2008-01-01

251

Contingent Employment Relationships Between Tour Guides and Tour Operators in Ecuador: Human Resource Management Practices and Attitudinal Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines a unique contingent employment relationship—that between tour guides and tour operators in Ecuador. Linkages\\u000a among tour operators’ HR practices, interactions between operations managers and tour guides, and the tour guides’ attitudes\\u000a toward both the tour operator and the ultimate tourist-client are investigated. Tour guides are found to exhibit dual commitments\\u000a to both operators and tourist-clients. Affective commitment

Monica C. Gavino; Patricia G. Martinez; Stanley B. Malos

2010-01-01

252

Mothers' Time With Infant and Time in Employment as Predictors of Mother?Child Relationships and Children's Early Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study tested predictions from economic and developmental theories that maternal time with an infant is important for mother-child relationships and children's development, using time-use diaries for mothers of 7- to 8-month-old infants from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care (N 51,053). Employment reduced time with infants, but mothers compensated for some

Aletha C. Huston; Stacey Rosenkrantz Aronson

2005-01-01

253

Family communication patterns moderate the relationship between psychological reactance and willingness to talk about organ donation.  

PubMed

Considerable research has investigated how psychological reactance affects individuals' responses to health promotion messages, but little is known about how family processes might moderate the reactance process. In this study, 301 participants were exposed to a persuasive message about organ donation. The moderating role of family communication patterns in the reactance process was tested using hierarchical regression. We found that family conversation orientation had a direct effect on willingness to talk with family members about being an organ donor and that family conformity orientation and family conversation orientation each interacted with reactance to predict willingness to communicate with family about donation. Theoretically, these results extend psychological reactance theory by considering how interpersonal factors affect the reactance process. Practically, the findings suggest that for optimal impact, family processes should be considered in the design of messages promoting organ donation. PMID:22250823

Scott, Allison M; Quick, Brian L

2012-01-01

254

Positive life events and social support and the relationship between life stress and psychological disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

In conclusion, the present research demonstrated the deleterious effects of negative life events. Number of negative events was a significant predictor of psychological disorder even when initial disorder was statistically controlled. The cross-sectional regression findings provided some support for the stress-buffering effects of positive life events, but these effects were nonsignificant when initial disorder was statistically controlled. The cross-sectional and

Lawrence H. Cohen; Jack McGowan; Stephanie Fooskas; Sandra Rose

1984-01-01

255

The role of psychological flexibility in the relationship between self-concealment and disordered eating symptoms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present cross-sectional study investigated whether psychological flexibility mediates the association between self-concealment and disordered eating (DE) symptoms among non-clinical college students. Data of 209 male and female participants (nfemale=165), aged 18–22years old, were used for analyses. Self-concealment was found to be positively associated with DE symptoms (i.e., general eating disorder symptoms and eating disorder-related cognitions) and negatively associated with

Akihiko Masuda; Matthew S. Boone; C. Alix Timko

2011-01-01

256

Explaining the relationships between job characteristics, burnout, and engagement: The role of basic psychological need satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the Job Demands-Resources model, the presence of job demands (e.g., work pressure) and the absence of job resources (e.g., social support) relate to burnout through a psychological energetic process, whereas the presence of job resources associates with work engagement through a motivational process. Although various mechanisms have been suggested to understand these processes, empirical evidence for these mechanisms is

Anja Van den Broeck; Maarten Vansteenkiste; Hans De Witte; Willy Lens

2008-01-01

257

Coping mediates the relationships between reminiscence and psychological well-being among older adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies have demonstrated an association between various functions of reminiscence and well-being in later adulthood. This study investigates to what extent the links between reminiscence (self-positive and self-negative functions) and psychological well-being (depressive symptoms, anxiety level and life satisfaction) are mediated by assimilative and accommodative coping. This mediational model was tested using structural equation modelling. The results

Philippe Cappeliez; Annie Robitaille

2010-01-01

258

Maltreatment by Parents and Peers: The Relationship between Child Abuse, Bully Victimization, and Psychological Distress  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this retrospective study, 210 college freshmen completed questionnaires assessing frequency of childhood emotional, physical, and sexual abuse; childhood bully victimization by peers; and current psychological distress. It was found that those who were bully victims experienced higher rates of emotional (M = 25.57 vs. 17.01) and physical maltreatment (M = 2.96 vs. 0.94) by parents and more childhood sexual

Renae D. Duncan

1999-01-01

259

Disordered eating behaviours and cognitions in young women with obesity: relationship with psychological status  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective:To examine levels of eating disorder behaviours and cognitions of young women with obesity in the Australian Capital Territory, Australia and assess the impact upon psychological status.Design:General population cross-sectional survey.Subjects:A total of 4891 young women from the community aged 18–42 years, of which 630 were in the obese weight range.Measurements:Body mass index (BMI), eating disorder psychopathology (eating disorder examination questionnaire),

A Darby; P Hay; J Mond; B Rodgers; C Owen

2007-01-01

260

Does Context Matter in Determining Psychological Abuse? Effects of Pattern, Harm, Relationship, and Norms  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored contextual influences in determining whether psychologically aggressive actions constitute abuse. One\\u000a hundred and thirty-one undergraduates completed measures of key experiences, attitudes, and traits, and rated abusiveness\\u000a of behaviors in a series of vignettes. Vignettes varied contexts in which behaviors occurred, including whether the behavior\\u000a was a pattern, whether there was harm to the recipient, characteristics of the

Dana D. DeHart; Diane R. Follingstad; Alice M. Fields

2010-01-01

261

Body Image and Psychological Well-Being in Adolescents: The Relationship Between Gender and School Type  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescents (N = 1,281; M age = 15.2 years, SD = 0.51 years) from a state-wide sample of schools provided information about their psychological well-being, family functioning, extraversion, and perceived physical attractiveness and weight, using a questionnaire completed at school. Consistent with previous research, girls were significantly more likely than boys to be dissatisfied with their weight and physical appearance,

Paul H. Delfabbro; Anthony H. Winefield; Sarah Anderson; Anne Hammarström; Helen Winefield

2011-01-01

262

The Relationship of Junior College Programs to the Employment Experiences of Graduates.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the kind of employment taken by male junior college graduates and related it to their college training, whether regular lower division (transfer) or vocational (terminal). A questionnaire was sent to 369 alumni of three California junior colleges three years after graduation; 276 of them responded. A year later, 28 of those who…

Matteson, Richard Vance

263

Parental Employment and Child Behaviors: Do Parenting Practices Underlie These Relationships?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined whether hours of parental employment were associated with child behaviors via parenting practices. The sample included 2,271 Australian children aged 4-5 years at baseline. Two-wave panel mediation models tested whether parenting practices that were warm, hostile, or characterized by inductive reasoning linked parent's…

Hadzic, Renata; Magee, Christopher A.; Robinson, Laura

2013-01-01

264

Relationships between mindfulness practice and levels of mindfulness, medical and psychological symptoms and well-being in a mindfulness-based stress reduction program  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships were investigated between home practice of mindfulness meditation exercises and levels of mindfulness, medical\\u000a and psychological symptoms, perceived stress, and psychological well-being in a sample of 174 adults in a clinical Mindfulness-Based\\u000a Stress Reduction (MBSR) program. This is an 8- session group program for individuals dealing with stress-related problems,\\u000a illness, anxiety, and chronic pain. Participants completed measures of mindfulness,

James Carmody; Ruth A. Baer

2008-01-01

265

Challenges in cross-gender mentoring relationships: psychological intimacy, myths, rumours, innuendoes and sexual harassment  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the roles of sexuality and intimacy in cross-gender mentoring relationships. Today’s leaders are concerned about controlling sexuality and intimacy in cross-gender work relationships and there is an increased awareness of the sexual harassment aspect of sexuality in today’s society. Describes sexuality and intimacy in cross-gender mentoring relationships and explores the sex role spillover model’s explanation for sexuality in these

Amy E. Hurley

1996-01-01

266

Does talking about their relationship affect couples’ marital and psychological adjustment to lung cancer?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  Relationship talk refers to talking with a partner about the relationship, what one needs from one’s partner, and\\/or the relationship\\u000a implications of a shared stressor. This prospective study examined the effects of relationship talk on couples’ psychosocial\\u000a adaptation to lung cancer.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A total of 169 patients (63% male) and 167 of their partners completed a series of questionnaires within 4-weeks

Hoda Badr; Linda K. Acitelli; Cindy L. Carmack Taylor

2008-01-01

267

Relationships of Employment Status, Gender Role, Insult, and Gender with Use of Influence Tactics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research indicates that men and womenuse different tactics to influence others. This paperexamines the worth of using personality andenvironmental variables to study phenomena that havebeen previously studied with gender as a variable.Study One examined the relationship between gender roleand choice of influence tactics for 31 male and 103female, mostly Caucasian college students. Study Two examined the role of traditional

Bobbi J. Carothers; James B. Allen

1999-01-01

268

Relationship between coping strategies and depression among employed Korean immigrant wives.  

PubMed

Coping strategies, such as working harder and negotiation, may have an effect on depression for employed Korean immigrant wives. Additionally, income and education have been associated with depression in previous research. A cross-sectional survey research design was used to explore which coping strategies and demographic variables were significantly related to depression for employed Korean immigrant wives. The results of multiple regression analysis revealed that coping strategies and demographic variables accounted for 24% of the variance in depression. Specifically, as wives worked harder cleaning the house, their depression increased, whereas when they negotiated with their husbands, they were less likely to be depressed. To enhance negotiation among Korean wives, mental health nurses need to work within the community to foster the development of cultural and traditional norms that sanction negotiation between husbands and wives. PMID:10808832

Um, C C; Dancy, B L

1999-01-01

269

Initial evaluations in the interview: relationships with subsequent interviewer evaluations and employment offers.  

PubMed

The authors of this study examine how evaluations made during an early stage of the structured interview (rapport building) influence end of interview scores, subsequent follow-up employment interviews, and actual internship job offers. Candidates making better initial impressions received more internship offers (r = .22) and higher interviewer ratings (r = .42). As predicted, initial evaluations of candidate competence extend beyond liking and similarity to influence subsequent interview outcomes from the same interviewer (?R² = .05), from a separate interviewer (?R² = .05), and from another interviewer who skipped rapport building (?R² = .05). In contrast, assessments of candidate liking and similarity were not significantly related to other judgments when ratings were provided by different interviewers. The findings of this study thus indicate that initial impressions of candidates influence employment outcomes, and that they may be based on useful judgments of candidate competence that occur in the opening minutes of the structured interview. PMID:20718533

Barrick, Murray R; Swider, Brian W; Stewart, Greg L

2010-11-01

270

Toward a Transactional Model of Parent-Adolescent Relationship Quality and Adolescent Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study includes externalizing problems, internalizing problems, mother-adolescent relationship quality, and father-adolescent relationship quality in the same structural equation model and tests the longitudinal reciprocal association among all four variables over a 1-year period. A transactional model in which adolescents'…

Fanti, Kostas A.; Henrich, Christopher C.; Brookmeyer, Kathryn A.; Kuperminc, Gabriel P.

2008-01-01

271

The Association of Sibling Relationship and Abuse with Later Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of 59 undergraduate men and 85 undergraduate women explored how defining emotional and physical sibling abuse affected the frequency of reported sibling abuse. In addition, the current study examined how the emotional context of the sibling relationship (i.e., rivalry and conflict) moderated the relationship between sibling abuse and…

Mackey, Amber L.; Fromuth, Mary Ellen; Kelly, David B.

2010-01-01

272

Moral Psychology Is Relationship Regulation: Moral Motives for Unity, Hierarchy, Equality, and Proportionality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Genuine moral disagreement exists and is widespread. To understand such disagreement, we must examine the basic kinds of social relationships people construct across cultures and the distinct moral obligations and prohibitions these relationships entail. We extend relational models theory (Fiske, 1991) to identify 4 fundamental and distinct moral motives. Unity is the motive to care for and support the integrity

Tage Shakti Rai; Alan Page Fiske

2011-01-01

273

[Psychological harassment].  

PubMed

Two types of harassment are distinguished: sexual and psychological. In the private sector, according to French labour laws and the penal code, psychological harassment is actionable. It is up to the employer to prove the absence of harassment. The sanctions incurred can be up to 5 years imprisonment and a 150,000 euro fine and various measures of compensation for damages can be envisaged. PMID:23672157

Puech, Paloma; Pitcho, Benjamin

2013-04-01

274

Preliminary report of the relationship between experience of death of a relative, illness perception, and psychological outcome among BRCA carriers.  

PubMed

With recent advances in mapping the genetic mutations involved in breast cancer and the availability of genetic testing, it has become necessary to explore the psychological consequences of women who have tested positive for the gene mutations involved in breast cancer (BReast CAncer gene one and two, BRCA1/2). Findings regarding psychological consequences of positive results in genetic testing for breast cancer are ambiguous and insufficient. The aim of the current study was to explore the relationship between experience of the death of a relative due to breast cancer, perception of the illness, distress, and well-being among BRCA1/2 mutation women carriers. Forty asymptomatic carriers who attended BRCA1/2 clinics in Israel completed self-administered questionnaires assessing socio-demographic variables, illness perception, and well-being. It was found that experiencing the death of a relative as a result of breast cancer was significantly correlated with illness perception. Carriers who experienced the death of a relative perceived breast cancer as having a stronger identity (i.e. as having severe symptoms), dire consequences, and as being uncontrollable in comparison to carriers who had not experienced the death of a relative. Nevertheless, psychological distress and well-being were not found to be significantly correlated to either an experience of death of a relative as a result of breast cancer or to illness perception. Implications and limitations are discussed in light of these findings. Among these is the need to consider the illness perception of healthy BRCA carriers women. PMID:24279344

Samama, Dikla; Hasson-Ohayon, Ilanit; Perry, Shlomit; Morag, Ofir; Goldzweig, Gil

2014-12-01

275

Relationship of psychological and physiological variables in long-term self-monitored data during work ability rehabilitation program.  

PubMed

Individual wellness comprises both psychological and physiological wellbeing, which are interrelated. In long-term monitoring of wellness, both components should be included. Work-related stress and burnout are persistent problems in industrial countries. Early identification of work-related stress symptoms and early intervention could reduce individual suffering and improve the working productivity and creativity. The goal of this study was to explore the relationship between physiological and psychological variables measured at home by the users themselves or automatically. In all, 17 (3 males and 14 females, age 40-62) people participating in a work ability rehabilitation program (due to work overload) were monitored for three months. Physiological and behavioral variables (activity, bed occupancy, heart rate (HR) and respiration during night, HR during day, blood pressure, steps, weight, room illumination, and temperature) were measured with different unobtrusive wireless sensors. Daily self-assessment of stress, mood, and behaviors (exercise, sleep) were collected using a mobile phone diary. The daily self-assessment of stress and the Derogatis stress profile questionnaire were used as reference for stress status. Results show modest, but significant pooled overall correlations between self-assessed stress level, and physiological and behavioral variables (e.g., sleep length measured with wrist-worn activity monitor: rho = -0.22, p < 0.001, and variance of nightly bedroom illumination: rho = 0.13, p < 0.001). Strong, but sometimes conflicting correlations can be found at individual level, suggesting individual reactions to stress in daily life. PMID:19272856

Pärkkä, Juha; Merilahti, Juho; Mattila, Elina M; Malm, Esko; Antila, Kari; Tuomisto, Martti T; Saarinen, Ari Viljam; van Gils, Mark; Korhonen, Ilkka

2009-03-01

276

Examination of the Relationship Between Perfectionism and Religiosity as Mediated by Psychological Inflexibility  

Microsoft Academic Search

A relationship between perfectionism and religiosity has been suggested in the literature, and this relationship is clarified\\u000a further when the adaptive and maladaptive dimensions of both constructs are compared. Literature in both areas implicates\\u000a the idea of a rigid and inflexible personality style that may explain why well meaning high standards can be associated with\\u000a negative outcomes such as perfectionism.

Jesse M. Crosby; Scott C. Bates; Michael P. Twohig

2011-01-01

277

Health Psychology Psychology 320  

E-print Network

1 Health Psychology Psychology 320 Zaje Harrell, Ph.D. Fall 2011 134B Psychology Building Tu/Th 8@msu.edu Office Hours: W 12:00-1:00 ` M 11-12 Psychology Building 231 Course Overview Health psychology of topics in health psychology. The class is primarily in a lecture format with frequent time allotted

Liu, Taosheng

278

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY May, 2012 The program area of Educational Psychology offers

Berdichevsky, Victor

279

The relationship between bank distress, job satisfaction, perceived stress and psychological well- being of employees and depositors in Nigeria's banking sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of the study was to assess the impact of financial distress in the Nigerian banking industry as it affected job satisfaction, perceived stress and psychological well-being of employees and depositors. The research adopted case study as a strategy and employed independent groups design in order to get a balanced assessment of the subject. Variables of interest were

Michael O. Samuel; Helen O. Osinowo; Crispen Chipunza

280

The relationship between blood lead levels and morbidities among workers employed in a factory manufacturing lead-acid storage battery.  

PubMed

The present study was carried out to find the relationship between blood lead levels (BLLs) and morbidities among 391 male workers employed in a factory manufacturing lead-acid storage batteries. A predesigned questionnaire was used to collect information on subjective health complaints and clinical observation made during a clinical examination. In addition to monitoring of BLL, other laboratory parameters investigated included hematological and urine-?-aminolevulinic acid levels. Logistic regression method was used to evaluate the relationship between BLL and morbidities. The BLL among workers was associated with an odd ratio of respiratory, gastrointestinal (GI), and musculoskeletal (MSD) morbidities. Mean corpuscular hemoglobin and packed cell volume variables were associated with respiratory problems. The variables of alcohol consumption and hematological parameters were associated with GI complaints. Systolic blood pressure was related to MSD in workers exposed to Pb during the manufacturing process. PMID:23859360

Kalahasthi, Ravi Babu; Barman, Tapu; Rajmohan, H R

2014-01-01

281

Perceived organizational support and psychological contracts: a theoretical integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Although organizational support theory and psychological contract theory both stress social exchange processes in the establishment and maintenance of the employee-employer rela- tionship, they have focused on different aspects of this relationship. We suggest that, far from being independent, the different parts of the employee-employer association considered by the two theories are mutually interdependent. Further, key processes identified by

Justin Aselage; Robert Eisenberger

2003-01-01

282

Adoptive Gay Father Families: Parent-Child Relationships and Children's Psychological Adjustment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings are presented on a U.K. study of 41 gay father families, 40 lesbian mother families, and 49 heterosexual parent families with an adopted child aged 3-9 years. Standardized interview and observational and questionnaire measures of parental well-being, quality of parent-child relationships, child adjustment, and child sex-typed behavior…

Golombok, Susan; Mellish, Laura; Jennings, Sarah; Casey, Polly; Tasker, Fiona; Lamb, Michael E.

2014-01-01

283

The Relationship between Maternal and Paternal Psychological Symptoms and Ratings of Adolescent Functioning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Families with an adolescent between the ages of 11 and 18 years participated in a study examining the relationship between parental depressive and anxiety symptomatology and parental ratings of adolescents' functioning. This study indicated that mothers, fathers, and adolescents exhibited significant cross-informant correspondence (i.e.…

Renk, Kimberly; Oliveros, Arazais; Roddenberry, Angela; Klein, Jenny; Sieger, Karin; Roberts, Rex; Phares, Vicky

2007-01-01

284

Physical and Psychological Aggression in Dating Relationships of Spanish Adolescents: Motives and Consequences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine three aspects of romantic relationships of Spanish adolescents: the prevalence of verbal-emotional and physical aggressive behaviors, correlates of dating violence perpetration (both verbal-emotional and physical aggression), and consequences of violence for victims' well-being. Method: A…

Fernandez-Fuertes, Andres A.; Fuertes, Antonio

2010-01-01

285

The Influence of Family Relationships on Social and Psychological Functioning: A Follow-Up Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Individuals who had undergone treatment for alcoholism (N=76) completed a 91-item questionnaire including items relating to family situation and satisfaction and a number of personality and interpersonal variables. Data analysis indicated that the quality of family relationships influenced improvement in drinking behavior and interpersonal…

Ward, David A.

1981-01-01

286

The handicapped child: psychological effects of parental, marital, and sibling relationships.  

PubMed

Although the nature and severity of a handicapping condition are not the sole determinants of family functioning, the presence of a child with a pervasive developmental disorder has a significant effect on family members. Maternal mental health suffers, and the resulting depression affects her role as mother and marriage partner. Unlike other handicapping conditions with obvious physical stigmata, the invisible handicap of the autistic child and the frequent delay in diagnosis contribute to the mother's self-doubt about her parental competence. While the impact on paternal psychological health is less, the fathers of autistic children are nevertheless highly stressed and appear to be particularly vulnerable to the stress generated by these difficult children. Living within this family climate, the risks for emotional and behavioral problems for siblings must be evaluated, along with their intrinsic strengths, to plan preventive interventions for these children. Effective work with these families requires an understanding of the evolution of family system problems and their dynamic and reciprocal interaction over time. PMID:1828565

Fisman, S; Wolf, L

1991-03-01

287

The Role of Self-Compassion and Emotional Approach Coping in the Relationship between Maladaptive Perfectionism and Psychological Distress among East Asian International Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the mediating and moderating roles of self-compassion and emotional approach coping in the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and psychological distress among East Asian international students. Data were collected through an online survey completed by 255 East Asian international students in a large public…

Seo, Heweon

2012-01-01

288

The Moderating Roles of Race and Gender-Role Attitudes in the Relationship between Sexual Harassment and Psychological Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although previous research has linked sexual harassment to negative psychological outcomes, few studies have focused on moderators of these relationships. The present study surveyed Black (n = 88) and White (n = 170) female undergraduates who endorsed experiences of sexual harassment to examine whether traditional gender attitudes differentially…

Rederstorff, Juliette C.; Buchanan, NiCole T.; Settles, Isis H.

2007-01-01

289

Leaving Home or Still in the Nest? Parent-Child Relationships and Psychological Health as Predictors of Different Leaving Home Patterns  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the author examines the patterns of leaving home in a sample of 93 participants and their parents. The quality of parent-child relationships, psychological symptomatology in adolescence and young adulthood, and attachment representation were assessed longitudinally from mid-adolescence to young adulthood. Attachment representation,…

Seiffe-Krenke, Inge

2006-01-01

290

The relationship of perceived stress, general coping, and religious coping to psychological distress and adjustment in urban high-school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, psychology has neglected religious coping in discussions of youth mental health. The purpose of this study was to address this gap in the literature by exploring the interrelationships among perceived stress, general coping, religious coping, and mental health during adolescence. Furthermore, the potential role of coping in mediating and\\/or moderating the relationship between perceived stress and mental health was

Cydney Jane Van Dyke

2010-01-01

291

Behavioural and psychological symptoms in the older population without dementia - relationship with socio-demographics, health and cognition  

E-print Network

Abstract Background Behavioural and psychological symptoms are associated with dementia, but are also present in a significant number of the older population without dementia. Here we explore the distribution of behavioural and psychological...

van der Linde, Rianne; Stephan, Blossom C M; Matthews, Fiona E; Brayne, Carol; Savva, George M; Cognitive Function and Ageing Study, Medical Research Council

2010-11-30

292

Relationship Between Loneliness, Psychiatric Disorders and Physical Health ? A Review on the Psychological Aspects of Loneliness  

PubMed Central

Human beings are social species which require safe and secure social surroundings to survive. Satisfying social relationships are essential for mental and physical well beings. Impaired social relationship can lead to loneliness. Since the time of dawn, loneliness is perceived as a global human phenomenon. Loneliness can lead to various psychiatric disorders like depression, alcohol abuse, child abuse, sleep problems, personality disorders and Alzheimer’s disease. It also leads to various physical disorders like diabetes, autoimmune disorders like rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and cardiovascular diseases like coronary heart disease, hypertension (HTN), obesity, physiological aging, cancer, poor hearing and poor health. Left untended, loneliness can have serious consequences for mental and physical health of people. Therefore it is important to intervene at the right time to prevent loneliness, so that physical and mental health of patients is maintained. PMID:25386507

Shoib, Sheikh; Shah, Tabindah; Mushtaq, Sahil

2014-01-01

293

[Relationships among population growth, capital formation and employment opportunities in developing countries].  

PubMed

The assimilation of technical progress and transfer of active employed population in primary production and other activities of low productivity in industry and services were analyzed as essential factors of the process of economic development in Latin America in relation to the increase of population. The rapid absorption of growing population and the low productivity of the work force are the principal aspects of the problem of sustained development. In 1953 the region's population reached 170 million people and the recent population growth rate was 2.2% a year, equivalent to 3.7 million people, of whom only 1.5 million have been incorporated into the work force. Between 1940 and 1953 the industrial work force of the region increased by 3.7% annually, while the agricultural work force increased only by 1.4%. The per capita gross product in agriculture was $300 in 1953, and $1100 in industry and construction. The gross per capita product increased by 2.6% annually between 1940 and 1953, while the population increased by 2.2% per annum. The participation of foreign capital in the economy during this period amounted to 14% of the gross national product. The development process was prolonged and brought about important changes in the distribution of the work force. In 1953 the agricultural work force made up 58.1% of the total; however, by 1978 its share had dropped to 35.9%, while during the same period the proportion of the industrial work force increased to 26.3% and services to 36.8%. This meant that in absolute numbers about 23 million people in the active population were transferred from agriculture to industry and services. Mainly, the population from rural areas migrated to urban centers, while these countries also had to absorb European immigrants during this period. In 1953, in Latin America, the capital requirement per worker increased to $1550 and rose to $3835 in 1978 because of surging immigration. This figure was still dwarfed by the sum of $13,200 in the US towards the end of this period. PMID:12291424

Prebisch, R

1991-08-01

294

Temporal relationships between Gulf War deployment and subsequent psychological disorders in Royal Australian Navy Gulf War veterans  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Although much has been published on the effects of the 1990\\/1991 Gulf War on the psychological health of veterans, few studies\\u000a have addressed the pattern and timing of post-war development of psychological disorders. Our study aims to identify the most\\u000a common psychological disorders that first appeared post-Gulf War, the period of peak prevalence and the sequence of multiple\\u000a psychological disorders.

Dean P. McKenzie; Mark Creamer; Helen L. Kelsall; Andrew B. Forbes; Jillian F. Ikin; Malcolm R. Sim; Alexander C. McFarlane

2010-01-01

295

Health Psychology Psychology 320  

E-print Network

1 Health Psychology Psychology 320 Zaje Harrell, Ph.D. Fall 2012 134B Psychology Building Tu/Th 8 11:00-12:00 Course Assistants: Elizabeth Polk Conrad Corretti Course Overview Health psychology of topics in health psychology. The class is primarily in a lecture format with frequent time allotted

Liu, Taosheng

296

The relationship between reproductive work and sociodemographic and psychosocial factors in regard to psychological distress in men and women in Spain.  

PubMed

Studies have shown that some sociodemographic factors, such as marital status, employment status or social class, can affect mental health in different ways for each gender. However, up until now, few research projects have tried to ascertain if the role that reproductive work or psychosocial factors play in mental health is different for men and women. The aim of this study is to assess the differences between men and women in terms of how reproductive work, sociodemographic and psychosocial factors are linked to psychological distress in Spain. A cross-sectional study of 29,478 male and female adults using data gathered for the Spanish National Health Survey 2006 was carried out. Psychological distress was measured using the GHQ-12. The independent variables analyzed were: sociodemographic, psychosocial (family functionality and functional social support) and those related to reproductive work (living with or being in charge of different types of people needing care and number of hours devoted to caregiver tasks). Different independent logistic regression models were developed for men and women. In general, with the exception of men who were more prone to psychological distress if they were signed off work for 3 months or more, no major differences were observed regarding the effect of sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics on psychological distress. With regard to reproductive work, the likelihood of psychological distress doubles in both sexes when the person lives with someone who needs care. In women, a greater number of hours devoted to caring for another person is associated with an increase in distress. Men play a less frequent role in caregiving, but the impact on psychological distress is similar to that in women. Women experienced more psychological distress when they had to live with or be in charge of a disabled person or different types of persons needing care, while men were not affected by this. Major differences have been identified in terms of psychological distress in women and men in several aspects of reproductive work to date unexplored. PMID:21656047

Ruiz-Pérez, Isabel; Ricci-Cabello, Ignacio; Plazaola-Castaño, Juncal; Montero-Piñar, María Isabel; Escribá-Agüir, Vicenta

2011-12-01

297

Adolescent Humor and its Relationship to Coping, Defense Strategies, Psychological Distress, and Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective  This study investigated the psychometric properties of the Humor Styles Questionnaire (HSQ) in measuring adolescent humor,\\u000a including the relationship between humor and coping style, defense style, depressive symptoms, and adjustment in a non-clinical\\u000a sample of adolescents.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Method  Humor, coping, defense strategies, depressive symptoms, and adjustment were investigated in 94 adolescents aged 12–15.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Results  The HSQ demonstrated adequate internal consistency. Inter-scale correlational patterns

Sarah J. Erickson; Sarah W. Feldstein

2007-01-01

298

Promised and Delivered Inducements and Contributions: An Integrated View of Psychological Contract Appraisal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reciprocal exchange of employees' work for pay that is central to employment relationships is viewed here through the lens of the psychological contract. A psychological contract involves promised inducements, promised contributions, delivered inducements, and delivered contributions: How an employee cognitively integrates these 4 elements is…

Lambert, Lisa Schurer

2011-01-01

299

Using the Daydreaming Frequency Scale to Investigate the Relationships between Mind-Wandering, Psychological Well-Being, and Present-Moment Awareness.  

PubMed

Recent findings have shown that mind-wandering - the occurrence of stimulus-independent and task-unrelated thoughts - is associated with negative affect and lower psychological well-being. However, it remains unclear whether this relationship is due to the occurrence of mind-wandering per se or to the fact that people who mind wander more tend to be generally less attentive to present-moment experience. In three studies, we first validate a French translation of a retrospective self-report questionnaire widely used to assess the general occurrence of mind-wandering in daily life - the Daydreaming Frequency Scale. Using this questionnaire, we then show that the relationship between mind-wandering frequency and psychological distress is fully accounted for by individual differences in dispositional mindful awareness and encoding style. These findings suggest that it may not be mind-wandering per se that is responsible for psychological distress, but rather the general tendency to be less aware and attentive to the present-moment. Thus, although mind-wandering and present-moment awareness are related constructs, they are not reducible to one another, and are distinguishable in terms of their relationship with psychological well-being. PMID:23055995

Stawarczyk, David; Majerus, Steve; Van der Linden, Martial; D'Argembeau, Arnaud

2012-01-01

300

Daily Temporal Patterns of Heroin and Cocaine Use and Craving: Relationship with Business Hours Regardless of Actual Employment Status  

PubMed Central

Real-time monitoring of behavior using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) has provided detailed data about daily temporal patterns of craving and use in cigarette smokers. We have collected similar data from a sample of cocaine and heroin users. Here we analyzed it in the context of its relationship with a societal construct of daily temporal organization: 9-to-5 business hours. In a 28-week prospective study, 112 methadone-maintained polydrug-abusing individuals initiated an electronic-diary entry and provided data each time they used cocaine, heroin, or both during weeks 4 to 28. EMA data were collected for 10,781 person-days and included: 663 cocaine-craving events, 710 cocaine-use events, 288 heroin-craving events, 66 heroin-use events, 630 craving-both-drugs events, and 282 use-of-both-drugs events. At baseline, 34% of the participants reported full-time employment in the preceding 3-year period. Most participants’ current employment status fluctuated throughout the study. In a generalized linear mixed model (SAS Proc Glimmix), cocaine use varied by time of day relative to business hours (p<0.0001) and there was a significant interaction between Day of the Week and Time Relative to Business Hours (p<0.002) regardless of current work status. Cocaine craving also varied by time of day relative to business hours (p<0.0001), however, there was no significant interaction between Day of the Week and Time Relative to Business Hours (p=.57). Heroin craving and use were mostly reported during business hours, but data were sparse. Cocaine craving is most frequent during business hours while cocaine use is more frequent after business hours. Cocaine use during business hours, but not craving, seems suppressed on most weekdays, but not weekends, suggesting that societal conventions reflected in business hours influence drug-use patterns even in individuals whose daily schedules are not necessarily dictated by employment during conventional business hours. PMID:23770647

Phillips, Karran A.; Epstein, David H.; Preston, Kenzie L.

2013-01-01

301

Daily temporal patterns of heroin and cocaine use and craving: relationship with business hours regardless of actual employment status.  

PubMed

Real-time monitoring of behavior using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) has provided detailed data about daily temporal patterns of craving and use in cigarette smokers. We have collected similar data from a sample of cocaine and heroin users. Here we analyzed it in the context of its relationship with a societal construct of daily temporal organization: 9-to-5 business hours. In a 28-week prospective study, 112 methadone-maintained polydrug-abusing individuals initiated an electronic-diary entry and provided data each time they used cocaine, heroin, or both during weeks 4 to 28. EMA data were collected for 10,781 person-days and included: 663 cocaine-craving events, 710 cocaine-use events, 288 heroin-craving events, 66 heroin-use events, 630 craving-both-drugs events, and 282 use-of-both-drugs events. At baseline, 34% of the participants reported full-time employment in the preceding 3-year period. Most participants' current employment status fluctuated throughout the study. In a generalized linear mixed model (SAS Proc Glimmix), cocaine use varied by time of day relative to business hours (p<0.0001) and there was a significant interaction between Day of the Week and Time Relative to Business Hours (p<0.002) regardless of current work status. Cocaine craving also varied by time of day relative to business hours (p<0.0001), however, there was no significant interaction between Day of the Week and Time Relative to Business Hours (p=.57). Heroin craving and use were mostly reported during business hours, but data were sparse. Cocaine craving is most frequent during business hours while cocaine use is more frequent after business hours. Cocaine use during business hours, but not craving, seems suppressed on most weekdays, but not weekends, suggesting that societal conventions reflected in business hours influence drug-use patterns even in individuals whose daily schedules are not necessarily dictated by employment during conventional business hours. PMID:23770647

Phillips, Karran A; Epstein, David H; Preston, Kenzie L

2013-10-01

302

Psychology Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design of the University of Texas Austin's Seay Psychology and Child Development & Family Relationships building. With modern technique and materials, the Seay building adds to the established architectural language of the campus, offering a richly tactile structure and adjoining outdoor space embracing the tenets of successful…

Anderssen, Arthur

2003-01-01

303

Psychological Trivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses trivia related to the history of psychology (with many fun examples such as: What are the names of Pavlov's original dogs?) and the relationship of this game to students learning how to use library resources (in attempts to answer such trivia questions), as well as the relevance of such knowledge.

Robert S. Harper

1970-01-01

304

Paradise Lost: The relationships between neurological and psychological changes in nicotine-dependent patients  

PubMed Central

The neural reward circuit and cognitive distortion play an important role in addiction; however, the relationship between the two has not yet been addressed. In this article, we review recent findings on nicotine dependence and propose a novel hypothesis. Previous research using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has shown that while activation of the reward circuit (ventral striatum) appears in response to tobacco-related rewards in nicotine dependence, responses to rewards other than tobacco (e.g. food and money) are reduced. Moreover, this change is observed at the very early stages of smoking, even when a person has smoked fewer than 10 cigarettes in his/her lifetime. Thus, we propose the following hypothesis, called the Paradise Lost theory: given addicts’ lower ventral striatal responses to non-tobacco rewards, nicotine addiction disables smokers from sensing the pleasures of ordinary life (the Paradise Lost state). However, since smokers do not notice this, they produce an overestimation of tobacco (cognitive distortion), such that they do not have many pastimes other than smoking or feel that quitting smoking would reduce the happiness and pleasure and increase the difficulty of life. Cognitive distortion thus makes it difficult for smokers to take the initiative to quit smoking and even causes relapse after smoking cessation. This theory furthers our understanding of addiction and could improve our approach to the prevention and treatment of addiction. PMID:24719610

Isomura, Takeshi; Suzuki, Joji; Murai, Toshiya

2014-01-01

305

The Relationship between Marital Status and Psychological Resilience in Chronic Pain  

PubMed Central

We examined the relationship between marital status and a 2-stage model of pain-related effect, consisting of pain unpleasantness and suffering. We studied 1914 chronic pain patients using multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) to clarify whether marital status was a determinant factor in the emotional or ideational suffering associated with chronic pain after controlling for pain sensation intensity, age, and ethnicity. Marital status was unrelated to immediate unpleasantness (P = 0.08). We found a strong association with emotional suffering (P < 0.0001) but not with negative illness beliefs (P = 0.44). Interestingly, widowed subjects experienced significantly less frustration, fear, and anger than all other groups (married, divorced, separated, or single). A final MANCOVA including sex as a covariate revealed that the emotional response to pain was the same for both widow and widower. Only those individuals whose spouse died experienced less emotional turmoil in the face of a condition threatening their lifestyle. These data suggest that after experiencing the death of a spouse, an individual may derive some “emotional inoculation” against future lifestyle threat. PMID:24167728

Wade, James B.; Hart, Robert P.; Wade, James H.; Bajaj, Jasmohan S.; Price, Donald D.

2013-01-01

306

Impact of combat deployment on psychological and relationship health: a longitudinal study.  

PubMed

Although previous research has indicated an elevated prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other mental health problems among veterans of Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom following deployment, most of this research has been cross-sectional and has focused on a limited range of military groups and outcome criteria. This investigation was a longitudinal study of U.S. Air Force security forces assigned to a year-long high-threat ground mission in Iraq to determine the degree to which airmen's emotional and behavioral health and committed relationships were adversely impacted by an extended deployment to a warzone. Participants were a cohort of 164 security forces airmen tasked to a 365-day deployment to train Iraqi police. Airmen completed study measures both prior to and 6-9 months following deployment. Rates of deterioration in individual and interpersonal adjustment were both significant and medium to large in magnitude of effect, d = 0.43 to 0.90. Results suggest that the negative effects of deployment are related to levels of traumatic experiences and do not spontaneously remit within the first 6-9 months following return from deployment-particularly among those service members having relatively lower levels of social support. PMID:24464429

Cigrang, Jeffrey A; Talcott, G Wayne; Tatum, JoLyn; Baker, Monty; Cassidy, Daniel; Sonnek, Scott; Snyder, Douglas K; Balderrama-Durbin, Christina; Heyman, Richard E; Smith Slep, Amy M

2014-02-01

307

The relationship between paranormal beliefs and the personality trait Openness to Experience: A comparison of psychology majors with students in other disciplines  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Paranormal beliefs (PB) are those that lie outside the explanatory realm of science. Thus, the existence of PB within a particular field of scholarship might indicate a decreased reliance on scientific methods within that field. This study evaluated the extent of PB among undergraduates majoring in the traditional sciences (biology, chemistry, and physics), psychology, and the arts and humanities. In particular, the relationship between PB and the personality trait Openness to Experience (OTE) was investigated, the goal being to both identify specific determinants of PB and better understand why PB are more prevalent in psychology compared with traditional sciences. Students majoring in the sciences, psychology, or arts and humanities were assessed across six domains of PB and six facets of the global personality trait OTE. Additionally, estimates of science education (SE) and IQ were obtained for each subject. Relationships among these variables were predicted to support the hypothesis that PB are largely determined by OTE rather than SE or IQ. Furthermore, it was hypothesized that the prevalence of PB in contemporary psychology could be explained by a relative overabundance of PB and OTE within psychology majors when compared with science majors. The obtained results confirmed that psychology majors were significantly higher in both PB and OTE compared to science majors. Furthermore, psychology majors scored lower than arts and humanities majors in PB and OTE, supporting the notion that psychology as a field occupies a position intermediate between the traditional sciences and the humanities. Regarding the determinants of PB, while SE and IQ were both shown to be significant, OTE was the single most powerful predictor of PB when considering the entire, undifferentiated sample. An unanticipated result was that determinants of PB are substantially gender-related. Among females, PB were predicted by OTE though not SE, while among males, PB were predicted by SE and not OTE. This surprising finding suggests a mechanism for the acquisition of PB that is fundamentally different for males and females. Given that among the sciences, psychology currently attracts a disproportionate number of females, this may in part explain the relatively larger degree of PB found within the field.

Ozkan, Eric Dogan

308

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Fall 2010 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings: Tuesday to come out of this class with two things: 1) a knowledge of social psychology (useful in the workplace social psychology to real life. This is a way for the class to include your experiences, as I will share

Gallo, Linda C.

309

The relationship of prejudicial attitudes to psychological, social, and physical well-being within a sample of college students in the United States.  

PubMed

This study examined the relationship of prejudicial attitudes to psychological, social, and physical well-being among 495 college students in the Northeast region of the United States. Prejudicial attitudes included racism, sexism, homophobia, physical disability bias, weight/body-size bias, and anti-immigrant sentiment. As a secondary objective, we examined the associations among the various forms of prejudice and their relationship to key demographic and personal characteristics. We also examined the associations between psychological, social, and physical well-being. The results indicated that specific forms of prejudice, especially racism and sexism, were negative correlates of psychological, social, and/or physical well-being. The results also indicated that there may exist a prejudicial syndrome, linking diverse forms of prejudice. Furthermore, poor functioning in one area of well-being (e.g., psychological health) is related to poor functioning in other areas of well-being (social and physical health). Overall, this study provides important implications for future research and prevention programs in the area of prejudice and well-being. PMID:25011208

Dinh, Khanh T; Holmberg, Michelle D; Ho, Ivy K; Haynes, Michelle C

2014-01-01

310

An Exploration of the Relationship between Teachers' Psychological Capital and Their Collective Self-Esteem  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers who possess high levels of psychological capital and collective self-esteem are better able to cope with the spate of school violence, student/student bullying, and other current issues confronting the education system globally, regionally, and nationally. A teacher psychological capital high in hope, optimism, self-efficacy, resilience,…

Bissessar, Charmaine S.

2014-01-01

311

Leaving Home or Still in the Nest? Parent–Child Relationships and Psychological Health as Predictors of Different Leaving Home Patterns  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the author examines the patterns of leaving home in a sample of 93 participants and their parents. The quality of parent-child relationships, psychological symptomatology in adolescence and young adulthood, and attachment representation were assessed longitudinally from mid-adolescence to young adulthood. Attachment representation, adolescent autonomy, and parent-adolescent conflict were found to be important predictors of the timing of

Inge Seiffge-Krenke

2006-01-01

312

The mediating role of frustration of psychological needs in the relationship between job insecurity and work-related well-being  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to test a new process underlying the negative relationship between job insecurity and work-related well-being. Specifically, based on Self-Determination Theory, frustration of the psychological needs for autonomy, belongingness and competence was expected to explain the associations between job insecurity and emotional exhaustion and vigour (i.e. the core energy-related components of burnout and work engagement, respectively). Structural equation

Tinne Vander Elst; Anja Van den Broeck; Hans De Witte; Nele De Cuyper

2012-01-01

313

Heart Rate Variability as a Physiological Moderator of the Relationship Between Race-Related Stress and Psychological Distress in African Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the moderator effects of heart rate variability, a physiological marker of stress vulnerability, on the relationship between race-related stress and psychological distress in African Americans (N = 215). Participants were administered the Index of Race-Related Stress–Brief and the Brief Symptom Inventory–18. Resting heart rate was recorded using the Polar 810s heart rate monitor. Findings indicated that heart

Shawn O. Utsey; Joshua N. Hook

2007-01-01

314

Marital Relationship, Body Image and Psychological Quality of Life among Breast Cancer Patients: The Moderating Role of the Disease’s Phases  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this cross-sectional study we analyzed the links between marital quality and intimacy, body image, and psychological quality\\u000a of life (PQoL) of breast cancer patients, as well as the moderating role of cancer phase (treatment, survivorship) on the\\u000a aforementioned links. We also evaluated whether body image mediated the associations between marital relationship variables\\u000a and PQoL. An analysis of the data

Helena Moreira; Carla Crespo; Tiago Paredes; Sónia Silva; Maria Cristina Canavarro; Frank M. Dattilio

2011-01-01

315

Adolescent Girls' and Boys' Experiences of Psychologically, Physically, and Sexually Aggressive Behaviors in Their Dating Relationships: Co-Occurrence and Emotional Reaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the co-occurrence of and adolescents' emotional reaction to self-reported experiences of psychologically, physically, and sexually aggressive behaviors in their dating relationships. Participants were 317 boys and 310 girls (Grades 7, 9, or 11). The most common co-occurrence pattern was experiencing all three forms of dating violence. More girls than boys were upset by their worst nonsexual and sexual

Heather A. Sears; E. Sandra Byers

2010-01-01

316

Relationships Between Work-Home Segmentation and Psychological Detachment From Work: The Role of Communication Technology Use at Home  

Microsoft Academic Search

Employees can have difficulty mentally distancing themselves from work during off-job time due to increasing use of communication technologies (e.g., e-mail, cell phone, etc.). However, psychological detachment from work during nonwork time is important for employee recovery and health. This study examined several antecedents of psychological detachment: work-home segmentation preference, perceived segmentation norm, and the use of communication technology at

Charlotte Fritz; Steve M. Jex

2011-01-01

317

New Research on the Relationships between Philadelphians' Educational Attainment and Their Employment, Earnings and Contributions to Government and Society. Research Summary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three recently-released research reports commissioned through Project U-Turn and funded by the William Penn Foundation and the Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry offer analyses that shed new light on the relationships between Philadelphians' educational attainment and their earnings, employment and contributions to government and…

Philadelphia Youth Network, 2009

2009-01-01

318

The Psychology of Cyberspace  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Professor John Suler of Rider University, The Psychology of Cyberspace is a frequently updated interactive document that provides "an evolving conceptual framework for understanding the various psychological components of cyberspace." Currently, the site contains six major components: The Fundamental Psychological Qualities of Cyberspace, The Psychology of the Individual in Cyberspace, The Psychology of Cyberspace Relationships, Group Dynamics in Cyberspace, Research Methods in Cyberpsychology, and The Palace Study, an ongoing case study of an online multimedia community. This extensive site also includes a subject index to aid information retrieval, and a modest annotated webliography of cyberpsychology resources.

Suler, John.

1999-01-01

319

Re-evaluating the Relationship between Prenatal Employment and Birth Outcomes: A Policy-Relevant Application of Propensity Score Matching  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Prior research shows an association between prenatal employment characteristics and adverse birth outcomes but suffers methodological challenges in disentangling women’s employment choices from birth outcomes, and little U.S.-based prior research compares outcomes for employed women with those not employed. This study assessed the effect of prenatal employment status on birth outcomes. METHODS With data from the Listening to Mothers II survey, conducted among a nationally representative sample of women who delivered a singleton baby in a U.S. hospital in 2005 (N=1,573), we used propensity score matching to reduce potential selection bias. Primary outcomes were low birth weight (< 2,500 grams) and preterm birth (gestational age < 37 weeks). Exposure was prenatal employment status (full-time, part-time, not employed). We conducted separate outcomes analyses for each matched cohort using multivariable regression models. FINDINGS Comparing full-time employees with women who were not employed, full-time employment was not causally associated with preterm birth (adjusted odds ratio AOR = 1.37, p = 0.47) or low birth weight (AOR = 0.73, p = 0.41). Results were similar comparing full- and part-time workers. Consistent with prior research, black women, regardless of employment status, had increased odds of low birth weight compared with white women (AOR = 5.07, p =0.002). CONCLUSIONS Prenatal employment does not independently contribute to preterm births or low birth weight after accounting for characteristics of women with different employment statuses. Efforts to improve birth outcomes should focus on the characteristics of pregnant women (employed or not) that render them vulnerable. PMID:23266134

Kozhimannil, Katy Backes; Attanasio, Laura B.; McGovern, Patricia M.; Gjerdingen, Dwenda K.; Johnson, Pamela Jo

2012-01-01

320

The origins and early development of the psychological contract construct  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between employees and their employers has been conceptualized as involving a “psychological contract” (PC). The PC construct is assumed by many to have a key role to play in understanding organizational behavior, and there has been a proliferation of writing regarding PCs in recent years. The history of the construct, however, has remained under-reported, and largely undiscussed. This

Mark V. Roehling

1997-01-01

321

Psychological Aspects of Career Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because career decision making affects all aspects of a person's life, career counseling must take into account client expectations, psychological characteristics and personality traits, nonverbal cues, and psychological variables affecting the counselor-client relationship. (SK)

Corbishley, M. Anne; Yost, Elizabeth B.

1989-01-01

322

Clinical Psychology for Cardiac Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a From its very beginning, modern scientific psychology has dealt with issues regarding mind-body, health-disease relationships;\\u000a in particular, clinical psychology, in its various applications, has tried to provide a structure to psychological concepts\\u000a tied to organic disease. Clinical psychology is described as the “area of psychology whose objectives are the explanation,\\u000a understanding, interpretation and reorganization of dysfunctional or pathological mental processes,

E. Molinari; L. Bellardita; A. Compare

323

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

knowledge of psychology and key topics within this (clinical psychology, cognitive psychology, health in Psychology or other subjects) Research Methods, Quantitative Methods 2, Social Psychology, CognitivePsychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;The University of Bath is to offer an exciting

Burton, Geoffrey R.

324

American Psychological Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Quick Links Accreditation Advocacy APA Style Center for Psychology and Health Continuing Education Convention Divisions Find a Psychologist Giving ... Early Career Psychologists Authors & Reviewers Employers Librarians Advertisers ... Health Ethics Learning & Memory Marriage & Divorce Personality Race Sexual ...

325

Relationship of Weight-Based Teasing and Adolescents' Psychological Well-Being and Physical Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: To date, research has focused primarily on psychological correlates of weight-based teasing. In this study, we extended previous work by also examining physical health-related variables (eg, physical self-concept and physical fitness [PF]). Methods: Participants included 1419 middle school students (637 boys and 782 girls). Of these,…

Greenleaf, Christy; Petrie, Trent A.; Martin, Scott B.

2014-01-01

326

Relationship between familiarity with mental commit robot and psychological effects to elderly people by robot assisted activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have been developing mental commit robots that provide psychological, physiological, and social effects to human beings through physical interaction. The appearances of these robots look like real animals such as cat and seal. The seal robot was developed especially for therapy. We have applied seal robots to assisting activity of elderly people at a health service facility for the

K. Wada; Takanori Shibata; Tomoko Saito; Kazuo Tanie

2003-01-01

327

Relationships Between Adult Women’s Mental Health Problems and their Childhood Experiences of Parental Violence and Psychological Aggression  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used the Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales (M. A. Straus, S. L. Hamby, D. Finkelhor, D. W. Moore, & D. Runyan, 1998) to assess retrospectively women’s childhood experiences of both mother and father physical abuse and psychological aggression, and assessed mother and father alcohol problems based on criteria derived from the Family History Research Diagnostic Criteria (N. C. Andreasen, J.

William R. Downs; Thomas Capshew; Barb Rindels

2006-01-01

328

The relationship between expressive language level and psychological development in children with autism 5 years of age  

Microsoft Academic Search

The age of detection of autism varies and may be linked to differences in the severity of disturbance and any associated retardation. Symptom intensity, overall language level, age of recognition of first disturbances and level of psychological development were examined in 222 children with pervasive developmental disorder with a mean age of 5 years. Results showed a positive correlation between

R. Pry; A. Petersen; A. Baghdadli

2005-01-01

329

Moderating Effects of Gender on the Relationship between Not Graduating from High School and Psychological Dysfunction in Young Adulthood.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results from 4,679 subjects tested in seventh grade and as young adults suggest a negative effect of not graduating from high school on psychological functioning for male and female students in the full sample and in the sample (1,871) who did not go on to college. (SLD)

Kaplan, Diane S.; And Others

1996-01-01

330

The role of adolescent social disinhibition expectancies in moderating the relationship between psychological distress and alcohol use and misuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the effects of adolescent social disinhibition expectancies and adult psychological distress on alcohol use and misuse in adulthood, using the 1970 British Cohort Study data. Multivariate imputation by chained equations filled in incomplete cases for 7023 men and 6896 women. A propensity to heavy alcohol use and misuse was predicted by social expectations of the releasing effects of

Noriko Cable; Amanda Sacker

2007-01-01

331

The Relationship of Victimization Experiences to Psychological Well-Being among Homeless Women and Low-Income Housed Women.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of stressful experiences on the psychological well-being of 113 homeless women and 116 low-income housed women were investigated. Measures of victimization assessed multiple dimensions of this construct, including criminal victimization, sexual harassment, and sexual abuse. Measures of daily environmental hassles and quality of family…

Ingram, Kathleen M.; And Others

1996-01-01

332

Neoscholastic psychology revisited.  

PubMed

Beginning around 1879, a Neoscholastic psychology developed, an experimental psychology with a soul. Opposed to materialism, it sought to renew Scholastic philosophy by incorporating the findings of the natural sciences. Neoscholastic psychology is an important chapter in the history of the relationships between science and religion in the 20th century. Neoscholastic psychology was both experimental and philosophical. This article presents the main accomplishments of North American Neoscholastic psychology in academic and applied areas. Neoscholastic psychologists championed scientific psychology while insisting on a better conception of human nature. Philosophical critiques led to a decline of Neoscholasticism; after the 1960s it was no longer official Catholic philosophy. Neoscholasticism gave psychologists concerned with philosophical questions impetus to turn to phenomenology, existentialism, and humanistic psychology. PMID:15997486

Kugelmann, Robert

2005-05-01

333

Income Inequality as a Moderator of the Relationship between Psychological Job Demands and Sickness Absence, in Particular in Men: An International Comparison of 23 Countries  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate whether more sickness absence is reported in countries with higher income inequality than elsewhere, and whether the level of income inequality moderates the association between psycho-social job demands and sickness absence. Methods Our analysis is based on the Fifth European Working Conditions Survey that compared 23 European countries. We performed multi-level regression analysis. On the macro-level of analysis we included the Gini-Index as measure of inequality. On the micro-level of analysis we followed the Karasek-Theorell model and included three scales for psychological job demands, physical job demands, and decision latitude in the model. The model was stratified by sex. Results We found that, in countries with high income inequality, workers report significantly more sickness absence than workers in countries with low income inequality. In addition we found that the level of income inequality moderates the relationship between psychological job demands and sickness absence. High psychological job demands are significantly more strongly related to more days of sickness absence in countries with low income inequality than in countries with high income inequality. Conclusions As the nature and causal pathways of cross-level interaction effects still cannot be fully explained, we argue that future research should aim to explore such causal pathways. In accordance with WHO recommendations we argue that inequalities should be reduced. In addition we state that, particularly in countries with low levels of income inequality, policies should aim to reduce psychological job demands. PMID:24505271

Muckenhuber, Johanna; Burkert, Nathalie; Grossschadl, Franziska; Freidl, Wolfgang

2014-01-01

334

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2009 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings and how individuals behave in social situations. I would like every person to come out of this class Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TAs: Alexandra

Gallo, Linda C.

335

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2008 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings situations. I would like every person to come out of this class with two things: 1) a knowledge of social Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TA: Jennifer

Gallo, Linda C.

336

A Prospective Investigation of the Relationship Between Child Maltreatment and Indicators of Adult Psychological Well-Being  

PubMed Central

The study of psychological well-being will advance understanding of child maltreatment effects and resilience processes. In this study, the mean level of anger in adulthood was significantly higher for those identified 3 decades earlier as having been maltreated. Mean levels of self-esteem, autonomy, purpose in life, perceived (fewer) constraints, and happiness and satisfaction were lower for those who were maltreated according to child welfare reports. Officially recorded child maltreatment was moderately (r < .30) correlated with several psychological well-being indicators and predictive of adult anger, self-esteem, autonomy, and happiness/life satisfaction, after accounting for childhood SES, gender, and other sources of data on child abuse and neglect. Parent-reported abusive disciplining also uniquely predicted several outcomes, as did a measure of observed child neglect to a lesser extent. PMID:23155725

Herrenkohl, Todd I.; Klika, J. Bart; Herrenkohl, Roy C.; Russo, M. Jean; Dee, Tamara

2012-01-01

337

Looking for a Needle in a Haystack? A Re-examination of the Time Series Relationship between Teenage Employment and Minimum Wages in the United States &ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThe work of Card and Krueger has cast doubt on the nature of the relationship between the minimum wage and teenage employment in the United States. The earlier ‘consensus’ finding of a small but statistically significant negative effect was based on time series data whereas Card and Krueger's findings are based mainly on cross-section data. In this article, we re-examine

Stephen Bazen; Velayoudom Marimoutou

2002-01-01

338

Marital Quality and Psychological Adjustment Among Mothers of Children with ASD: Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data drawn from a longitudinal study of families of children with ASD, the current study examined the impact of marital\\u000a quality on three indicators of maternal psychological adjustment: depressed mood, parenting efficacy, and subjective well-being.\\u000a Multiple regression analyses indicated marital quality to be a significant cross-sectional and longitudinal predictor of maternal\\u000a adjustment. In the cross-sectional regressions, marital quality negatively

Paul R. Benson; Joanne Kersh

339

Relationship of Parental Overprotection and Parenting Stress to Psychological Distress in Parents of Children with Asthma and Cystic Fibrosis: a Cross Illness Comparison.  

E-print Network

??A relatively unexplored area in the literature concerns how specific parental psychological variables, such as parental overprotection and parenting stress, are associated with psychological distress… (more)

Espinoza, Leafar Francesco-Jose

2005-01-01

340

Young Adults from Single versus Two-Parent Households: Attitudes toward Maternal Employment and Quality of Current Relationships with Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To identify the attitudes towards maternal employment of undergraduates reared in single-parent families compared to those in dual-parent households, 717 undergraduates were surveyed. Subjects were divided into two groups based on number of household parents. Between group t-tests revealed a significant effect on the Beliefs about the Consequences…

Farrell, Debi; Thomas, Amy; Johnson, Lisa; Arena, Jordan; Weiner, Stacie; Nyce, Susan; Lang, Allison; Alvazian, Casey; Szuchyt, Jamie; Cane, Susan; Gelband, Amy; Zohe, Dorothy; Chambliss, Catherine

341

The Work-Study Relationship: Experiences of Full-Time University Students Undertaking Part-Time Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Work and study commitments of full-time undergraduate students at the University of New South Wales were investigated in four surveys conducted in 1994, 1999, 2006 and 2009. Respondents to the surveys reported the amount of time they spent during term time in paid employment, studying outside of formal class hours and in leisure activities (1999…

Hall, Ralph

2010-01-01

342

Employing discourse: universities and graduate ‘employability  

Microsoft Academic Search

What constitutes graduate employability is discursively framed. In this paper we argue that whilst universities in the UK have long had an involvement in producing useful and productive citizens, the ongoing neoliberalisation of higher education has engendered a discursive shift in definitions of employability. Traditionally, universities regarded graduate employment as an aspect of institutions’ relationship with the labour market, and

Rebecca Boden; Maria Nedeva

2010-01-01

343

The Relationship between Psychological Contract Breach and Organizational Commitment: Exchange Imbalance as a Moderator of the Mediating Role of Violation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested the mediating role of violation in the relationship between breach and both affective and continuance commitment and the extent to which this mediating role is moderated by exchange imbalance amongst a sample of 103 sales personnel. Results suggest that violation mediated the relationship between breach and commitment. Also,…

Cassar, Vincent; Briner, Rob B.

2011-01-01

344

The Psychological Interface Between the Coach-Created Motivational Climate and the Coach-Athlete Relationship in Team Sports  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study's objective was to investigate the motivational significance of the coach- athlete relationship in team sports. 591 athletes completed the Perceived Motivational Climate in Sport Questionnaire (Newton, Duda, & Yin, 2000) to assess perceptions of the coach-created motivational climate and two Coach-Athlete Relationship Ques- tionnaires to assess direct perceptions (Jowett & Ntoumanis, 2004) and meta-percep- tions (Jowett, in press)

Alkisti Olympiou; Sophia Jowett; Joan L. Duda

345

Grant Relationship/Guest Access With this new functionality, you can grant parents (primarily for undergraduates), employers,  

E-print Network

1 How To... Grant Relationship/Guest Access With this new functionality, you can grant parents), or others' access to view certain elements of your record. This access has been requested by both parents with their parents. It will give you control over the student data you share with others. You will be able to select

Reif, John H.

346

Mothers' Time with Infant and Time in Employment as Predictors of Mother-Child Relationships and Children's Early Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tested predictions from economic and developmental theories that maternal time with an infant is important for mother-child relationships and children's development, using time-use diaries for mothers of 7- to 8-month-old infants from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care (N=1,053).…

Huston, Aletha C.; Rosenkrantz Aronson, Stacey

2005-01-01

347

Personality, relationships, and health.  

PubMed

This special issue of the Journal of Personality focuses on the importance of considering both personality and relationship forces when examining physical and psychological health. The nine articles presented in this issue employed a variety of research designs, theoretical rationales, health outcomes, and advanced statistical methodologies in order to better understand how both individual differences and social factors are relevant to our health. These articles embody several prominent themes: Conscientiousness is a robust predictor of health; traits beyond the Five-Factor Model should be considered in attempts to understand personality, relationships, and health; links among personality, relationships, and health begin early in life; and relationship transitions are consequential to health. It is hoped that these studies inspire personality researchers to consider the relationship context of health and relationship researchers to consider individual differences when attempting to understand health behaviors and outcomes. PMID:24299020

Markey, Charlotte N; Markey, Patrick M

2014-12-01

348

Learning, Labour and Employability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public policy in the UK has adopted employability to define the relationship of globalisation, work and learning. This article claims that employability serves the interests of capital. It helps capital to exercise its domination/hegemony over labour and employs a redefined vision of learning as its principal vehicle. Employability is a term that…

Ball, Malcolm J.

2009-01-01

349

Reaction time of industrial workers exposed to organic solvents: relationship to degree of exposure and psychological performance  

SciTech Connect

Auditory reaction time (RT) was examined on a day free from work and on a working day in 54 workers exposed to organic solvents and in 28 unexposed workers. Medical and occupational history was recorded and neurological examination and psychological testing carried out to establish quantitative parameters of exposure and cerebral function. There was a wider 95% range of the RT in the exposed group compared to the control group on the working day and a tendency in the same direction on the day free from work. There was no difference in the means of the RT, or within the groups between the examinations on the two days. The increased RT 95% range is interpreted as indicating an impaired ability in the exposed workers to maintain their attention during the experimental period, owing to chronic exposure of organic solvents. RT measurements did not correlate with exposure or psychological performance. RT would seem to be a means of measuring subclinical effects of exposure to organic solvents.

Gregersen, P.; Stigsby, B.

1981-01-01

350

Karl Popper, Psychology and Philosophy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper intends to re-emphasize the relationship among Psychology, Popper and his Philosophy. Popper, who is often considered\\u000a as one of the most important philosophers of science, had associations with the discipline of psychology in his early years.\\u000a Popper was associated with Würzburg school of psychology, especially the psychologies of Külpe, Selz and Bühler. However,\\u000a there was a change in

Neelam Kumar

2010-01-01

351

Humanistic Medicine (HuMed) Co-Curricular Program Art in medicine is explored through relationships, philosophy, psychology, literature,  

E-print Network

Humanistic Medicine (HuMed) Co-Curricular Program Art in medicine is explored through relationships consideration of systems biology and preventive practice. Shadowing alternative medicine practitioners as well

Cinabro, David

352

Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

behaviour, neuropsychology, thinking and reasoning, health psychology, psychopathology, personality remember, learn, think, reason, perceive, speak and understand) · Health psychology (how biological, psychological, environmental and cultural factors are involved in physical health and the prevention of illness

Burton, Geoffrey R.

353

The Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment: Individual Differences and Their Relationship to Psychological Well-Being in Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development and validation of the Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (IPPA), a self-report instrument for use with adolescents, is described. Item content of the instrument was suggested by Bowlby's theoretical formulations concerning the nature of feelings toward attachment figures. A hierarchical regression model was employed to…

Armsden, Gay G.; Greenberg, Mark T.

354

The relationship between psychological resources, social resources, and depression: Results from older spousal caregivers in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: The rapidly ageing population in Hong Kong has led to a major concern in providing care for the elderly. Due to the current social changes in Hong Kong, such as smaller family size, longer life spans, and increasing employment demands, spouses increasingly serve as the primary caregivers for older adults. To explore the mental health of older spousal caregivers,

Esther O. W. Chow; Henry C. Y. Ho

2012-01-01

355

Can We Save Darwin from Evolutionary Psychology?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the fundamental paradigmatic principles of evolutionary psychology, which are then subjected to criticism. It is argued that evolutionary psychology suffers from both a number of unfounded empirical presuppositions and from conceptual confusion. Evolutionary psychology invokes Darwin as a background figure, but the relationship between the two is rather problematic. Although critical of evolutionary psychology, the article argues

Svend Brinkmann

2011-01-01

356

An Integration of Sociocultural and Psychological Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major purpose of this research is to combine theories from psychological contract and organizational commitment to study their relationships with expatriate adjustment, including socio-cultural adjustment and psychological adjustment, during international assignments. In addition, the influence of psychological barrier to expatriate adjustment is examined simultaneously. The major results showed that: 1) The psychological contract fulfillment of expatriates significantly influences their

Huei-Fang Chen

2007-01-01

357

Psychological Adjustment and Sibling Relationships in Siblings of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Environmental Stressors and the Broad Autism Phenotype  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research with siblings of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) suggests that they may be at increased risk for behavioural and emotional problems and relatively poor sibling relationships. This study investigated a diathesis-stress model, whereby the presence of Broad Autism Phenotype features in the typically developing siblings might…

Petalas, Michael A.; Hastings, Richard P.; Nash, Susie; Hall, Louise M.; Joannidi, Helen; Dowey, Alan

2012-01-01

358

The Epistemological Argument Against a Causal Relationship Between Media Violence and Sociopathic Behavior Among Psychologically Well Viewers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Much of the media violence research that has occurred, principally in the United States, has been based on a fundamental epistemological error: A correlation between variables— that is, between the consumption of media violence and acted-out aggression—has been inferred by many researchers to be a causal relationship. This article suggests that scholars who infer causation from correlation miss an important

Tom Grimes; Lori Bergen

2008-01-01

359

Culture, Power, Authenticity and Psychological Well-Being within Romantic Relationships: A Comparison of European American and Mexican Americans  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated possible cultural differences in the association of power, authentic self-expression, and well-being within romantic relationships. Participants (N = 314) included European American students from a central Texas university and Mexican American students from a border university. Results indicated that power inequality was…

Neff, Kristin D.; Suizzo, Marie-Anne

2006-01-01

360

Relationships of job and some individual characteristics to occupational injuries in employed people: a community-based study.  

PubMed

This study assessed the associations of job and some individual factors with occupational injuries among employed people from a general population in north-eastern France; 2,562 workers were randomly selected from the working population. A mailed auto-questionnaire was filled in by each subject. Statistical analysis was performed with loglinear models. The annual incidence rate of at least one occupational injury was 4.45%. Significant contributing factors for occupational injuries were job category (60.8%), sex (16.2%), regular psychotropic drug use (8.5%), age groups (7.5%), and presence of a disease (7.0%). The men had higher risk than the women (adjusted odds-ratio 1.99, 95% CI 1.43-2.78). Compared to executives, intellectual professionals and teachers, labourers had the highest risk (6.40, 3.55-11.52). They were followed by farmers, craftsmen and tradesmen (6.18, 2.86-13.08), technicians (3.14, 1.41-6.70), employees (2.94, 1.59-5.48) and other subjects (3.87, 1.90-7.88). The young (< or = 29 yr) showed an increased risk. Similar odds-ratios were observed for regular psychotropic drug use (1.54, 1.16-2.05) and the presence of a disease (1.50, 1.11-2.02). Univariate analysis showed that smoking habit, overweight and excess alcohol use were also associated with injuries. The loglinear model results showed that there were associations between some of these independent factors. It was concluded that job, sex, young age, smoking habit, excess alcohol use, overweight, psychotropic drug use, and disease influenced the occupational injuries. Preventive measures concerning work conditions, risk assessment and job knowledge should be conducted in overall active population, especially in men, young workers, smokers, alcohol users, overweight workers and in individuals with a disease or psychosomatic disorders. PMID:14676418

Bhattacherjee, Ashis; Chau, Nearkasen; Sierra, Carmen Otero; Legras, Bernard; Benamghar, Lahoucine; Michaely, Jean-Pierre; Ghosh, Apurna Kumar; Guillemin, Francis; Ravaud, Jean-François; Mur, Jean-Marie

2003-11-01

361

Culture, power, authenticity and psychological well-being within romantic relationships: A comparison of European American and Mexican Americans  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated possible cultural differences in the association of power, authentic self-expression, and well-being within romantic relationships. Participants (N=314) included European American students from a central Texas university and Mexican American students from a border university. Results indicated that power inequality was associated with a lack of authentic self-expression among men and women in both populations, although a three-way

Kristin D. Neff; Marie-Anne Suizzo

2006-01-01

362

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

Psychological Studies) In Word document sent to you as e-mail attachment Recommended 1. Historical dictionaries of psychology Warren, H.C., Ed. (1934). Dictionary of Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company (BF 31.W3) #12;2 Baldwin, J.M., Ed. (1901; reprinted 1960). Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology; written

Liu, Taosheng

363

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405  

E-print Network

Psychological Studies) In Word document sent to you as e-mail attachment Recommended 1. Historical dictionaries of psychology Warren, H.C., Ed. (1934). Dictionary of Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company (BF 31.W3) Baldwin, J.M., Ed. (1901; reprinted 1960). Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology; written by many hands

Liu, Taosheng

364

Cultural Responsivity in Clinical Psychology Graduate Students: A Developmental Approach to the Prediction of Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used a mixed-method approach to examine students' experiences in multicultural training and their opinions about various aspects of their course(s). A developmental model of learning was employed to analyze results. More specifically, this study explored the relationship between clinical psychology doctoral students' self-reported…

Berrin, Sebastian Everett

2010-01-01

365

Psychological effects of prolonged unemployment: Relevance to models of work re-entry following injury  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on the psychological and mental health effects of unemployment is reviewed in terms of its main effects and the factors that mediate its impact. Significant decrements in mental health for people of all ages are identified, with additional effects of prolonged unemployment, employment commitment, social relationships, gender, ethnic group, social class, local unemployment rate, and personal vulnerability. An

Michael H. Banks

1995-01-01

366

Caregivers' relationship closeness with the person with dementia predicts both positive and negative outcomes for caregivers' physical health and psychological well-being.  

PubMed

Closer relationships between caregivers and care recipients with dementia are associated with positive outcomes for care recipients, but it is unclear if closeness is a risk or protective factor for the health and psychological wellbeing of caregivers. We examined 234 care dyads from the population-based Cache County Dementia Progression Study. Caregivers included spouses (49%) and adult offspring (51%). Care recipients mostly had dementia of the Alzheimer’s type (62%). Linear mixed models tested associations between relationship closeness at baseline or changes in closeness prior to versus after dementia onset, with baseline levels and changes over time in caregiver affect (Affect Balance Scale, ABS), depression (Beck Depression Inventory, BDI), and mental and physical health (components of the Short-Form Health Survey, SF-12). After controlling for demographic characteristics of the caregiver, number of caregiver health conditions, and characteristics of the care recipient (type of dementia, functional ability, and behavioral disturbances), we found that higher baseline closeness predicted higher baseline SF-12 mental health scores (better mental health) and lower depression. Higher baseline closeness also predicted greater worsening over time in ABS and SF-12 mental health. In addition, caregivers who reported a loss of closeness in their relationship with the care recipient from pre- to post-dementia displayed improved scores on ABS and SF-12 mental health, but worse SF-12 physical health over the course of the study. These results suggest that closeness and loss of closeness in the care dyad may be associated with both positive and adverse outcomes for caregivers, both cross-sectionally and over time. PMID:22548375

Fauth, Elizabeth; Hess, Kyle; Piercy, Kathy; Norton, Maria; Corcoran, Chris; Rabins, Peter; Lyketsos, Constantine; Tschanz, JoAnn

2012-01-01

367

Relationships.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Invites readers to extend the metaphor of roots and flowers to include all relationships--from those we are born into to those we choose. Considers that all relationships involve give and take, with some resulting in warm feelings and understanding, and others ending up frayed and worn thin. Presents annotations of 30 works of children's…

Johnson, Nancy J.; Giorgis, Cyndi

2002-01-01

368

The Future of Employment and Unemployment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the impact of microprocessor technology on employment. Examines the changing nature of work and questions whether full employment is natural or necessary. Outlines physical, psychological, social, and material aspects of work. Notes implications for teachers, counselors, and students. (RC)

Bradshaw, Patricia; Burke, Ronald J.

1983-01-01

369

Some Interdisciplinary Facets of Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interdisciplinary approaches to the study of psychology can be employed to provide a continuity between the various subjects a student encounters in college. One approach--a total push remediation program--is exemplified by a project involving representatives of the psychology and physical education departments, as well as interested students, in…

Brender, Myron

370

Psychological Distress  

MedlinePLUS

orig. 06 08, rev. 06 11 PATIENT / FAMILY TEACHING SHEET Psychological Distress What is psychological distress? Uneasy ... look for ways to make memories Other HPNA Teaching Sheets on are available at www.HPNA.org. ...

371

Positive Psychology \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positive psychology is the study of human strength, resilience, and optimal human functioning. The goal of positive psychology is to make people happier by understanding and building positive emotion, gratification and meaning. The constructs of happiness, hope, optimism, well-being, resilience and flow are examined in how they relate to positive psychology. The \\

Andrew W Fleming

2006-01-01

372

Military psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a selected bibliography of psychological publications relevant to war and military endeavor prepared at the request of the Emergency Committee in Psychology appointed by the Division of Anthropology and Psychology of the National Research Council. There are 14 sections by 27 collaborators: army transport personnel, aviation, classification of military personnel, effects of certain drugs on mental and motor

C. C. Pratt

1941-01-01

373

Relationship between eating-behavior disorders and psychological parameters in male first-year physical education students.  

PubMed

This study explores the prevalence of disordered eating attitudes in a sample of male first-year university students engaged in a physical education program and examines the relationships between emotional intelligence, coping, and emotional eating in relation to disordered-eating (DE) attitudes. A total of 140 students completed the following questionnaires: the Eating Attitudes Test, the Bar-On Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire, the Coping Inventory Stress Scale, and the Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire. The number of participants represented 80% of the male students registered in this discipline at the authors' university. Twenty percent of students presented DE attitudes even though they were of normal weight. The Bar-On EQ-I results indicated that students with DE attitudes had lower levels of emotional intelligence (EI) scores than students without DE attitudes (control group). Moreover, they scored higher than the control group on coping styles such as avoidance-oriented coping, emotion-oriented coping, and emotional eating. The DE group presented a positive correlation between DE attitudes symptoms and both avoidance- and emotion-oriented coping but a negative correlation between DE attitudes and task-oriented coping. There was also a significant negative correlation between DE attitudes and EI score. Another result from this group indicated an association between EI score and emotional-eating score (p < .05, r = -.44) and also a positive correlation between emotion-oriented coping and emotional eating (p < .01, r = .47). The findings highlight future research potential on the role of emotions and EI in DE symptoms, which may be beneficial in the context of collaborative care management intervention. PMID:22805240

Filaire, Edith; Treuvelot, Patrick; Toumi, Hechmi

2012-10-01

374

Relationship between eating-behavior disorders and psychological parameters in male first-year physical education students.  

PubMed

This study explores the prevalence of disordered eating attitudes in a sample of male first-year university students engaged in a physical education program and examines the relationships between emotional intelligence, coping, and emotional eating in relation to disordered-eating (DE) attitudes. A total of 140 students completed the following questionnaires: the eating attitudes test, the bar-on emotional intelligence questionnaire, the coping inventory stress scale, and the Dutch eating behavior questionnaire. The number of participants represented 80% of the male students registered in this discipline at the authors' university. Twenty percent of students presented DE attitudes even though they were of normal weight. The bar-on EQ-I results indicated that students with DE attitudes had lower levels of emotional intelligence (EI) scores than students without DE attitudes (control group). Moreover, they scored higher than the control group on coping styles such as avoidance-oriented coping, emotion-oriented coping, and emotional eating. The DE group presented a positive correlation between DE attitudes symptoms and both avoidance- and emotion-oriented coping but a negative correlation between DE attitudes and task-oriented coping. There was also a significant negative correlation between DE attitudes and EI score. Another result from this group indicated an association between EI score and emotional-eating score (p < .05, r = -.44) and also a positive correlation between emotion-oriented coping and emotional eating (p < .01, r = .47). The findings highlight future research potential on the role of emotions and EI in DE symptoms, which may be beneficial in the context of collaborative care management intervention. PMID:23011656

Filaire, Edith; Treuvelot, Patrick; Toumi, Hechmi

2012-10-01

375

Parental Physical and Psychological Aggression: Psychological Symptoms in Young Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between various levels of parent-child physical violence and psychological symptoms reported by college students, while controlling for demographic variables, severity and frequency of violence, and co-occurrence of parental psychological aggression. Method: Participants…

Miller-Perrin, Cindy L.; Perrin, Robin D.; Kocur, Jodie L.

2009-01-01

376

3 Introduction 4 Training in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

, in the Department of Psychology at the University of Canterbury, at the request of the Department of Health1 2 Contacts 3 Introduction 4 Training in Clinical Psychology 4 Entry Requirements 6 Scholarship Justice Psychology 16 Overview of Programme 40 Clinical Placements 41 Profile of Employment Post

Hickman, Mark

377

Developmental Psychology Syllabus 1 Psychology 2301  

E-print Network

: (a) Psychology 60 Introduction This course focuses upon development across the lifespan. DuringDevelopmental Psychology Syllabus 1 Psychology 2301 Developmental Psychology Instructor: Tilbe note that the Psychology Department will drop all students who do not meet the following prerequisites

Goksun, Tilbe

378

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

-mail attachment #12;2 Recommended 1. Historical dictionaries of psychology Warren, H.C., Ed. (1934). Dictionary of Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company (BF 31.W3) Baldwin, J.M., Ed. (1901; reprinted 1960). Dictionary. (1925). Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology: including many of the principal conceptions of ethics

Liu, Taosheng

379

Socioecological psychology.  

PubMed

Socioecological psychology investigates humans' cognitive, emotional, and behavioral adaption to physical, interpersonal, economic, and political environments. This article summarizes three types of socioecological psychology research: (a) association studies that link an aspect of social ecology (e.g., population density) with psychology (e.g., prosocial behavior), (b) process studies that clarify why there is an association between social ecology and psychology (e.g., residential mobility ? anxiety ? familiarity seeking), and (c) niche construction studies that illuminate how psychological states give rise to the creation and maintenance of a social ecology (e.g., familiarity seeking ? dominance of national chain stores). Socioecological psychology attempts to bring the objectivist perspective to psychological science, investigating how objective social and physical environments, not just perception and construal of the environments, affect one's thinking, feeling, and behaviors, as well as how people's thinking, feeling, and behaviors give rise to social and built environments. PMID:23987114

Oishi, Shigehiro

2014-01-01

380

Somatic disease and psychological disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The association between physical and psychological disorders has been demonstrated repeatedly. There are a number of explanations for this association, each of them pointing to specific diseases and operationalizations of mental distress. In this article, the relationship between various somatic diseases and a number of indices for psychological distress was investigated. Within one study population, patients with different somatic diseases

Peter F. M. Verhaak

1997-01-01

381

Objective techniques for psychological assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A literature review and a pilot study are used to develop psychological assessment techniques for determining objectively the major aspects of the psychological state of an astronaut. Relationships between various performance and psychophysiological variables and between those aspects of attention necessary to engage successfully in various functions are considered in developing a paradigm to be used for collecting data in manned isolation chamber experiments.

Wortz, E.; Hendrickson, W.; Ross, T.

1973-01-01

382

relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid growth of personal email communica- tion, instant messaging and online communities has brought attention to the important role of interpersonal trust in online communication. An empirical study was conducted focusing on the effect of empathy on online interpersonal trust in textual IM. To be more specific, the relationship between empathic accuracy, response type and online interpersonal trust was

JINJUAN FENG; JONATHAN LAZAR; JENNY PREECE

383

American Psychological Association Help Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

1999-01-01

384

American Psychological Association Help Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

2007-03-27

385

The Nature of Psychology: The Great Dilemmas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research about the nature of psychology, its subject matter, its level of analysis, its scientific laws, its relationship with other disciplines, and its social relevance has been a matter of great concern and interest during the development of psychology. This problem can be analyzed in terms of the dilemmas of the psychological discipline, which…

Ardila, Ruben

2007-01-01

386

The psychology of aesthetic plastic surgery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aesthetic plastic surgery and psychology are closely linked, as the aesthetic plastic surgeon is dealing with people's emotional, psychological, and social needs and aspirations. This article presents an overview of the relationship between the two professional disciplines. The minority of patients with psychiatric or psychological problems is described, and their treatment is considered in relation to both disciplines. We then

Eileen Bradbury

1994-01-01

387

Incentives, Learning, and Employability.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection contains three studies of the relationship between incentives, learning, and employability. The first study, "Incentives, Learning, and Employability," by John Bishop, models students' choices concerning what to learn and how much effort to spend learning it in terms of the outcome of a comparison of benefits and expected costs and…

Bishop, John; And Others

388

What can I do with this major? AREAS EMPLOYERS  

E-print Network

STRATEGIES What can I do with this major? AREAS EMPLOYERS PSYCHOLOGY HUMAN SERVICES Direct Care and university counseling centers and career centers Pain clinics Rehabilitation facilities Testing centers degree in psychology, counseling, or social work for positions involving substantive counseling

New Hampshire, University of

389

Relationship of Perceived Barriers to Employment and Return to Work Five Years Later: A Pilot Study among 343 Participants with Spinal Cord Injury  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors identified perceived barriers to employment in 1998 among 343 unemployed participants with spinal cord injury and correlated these data with employment status 5 years later. Actively looking for work was associated with the greatest likelihood of employment. Health factors, not disincentives or resources, were the primary barriers to…

Krause, James S.; Pickelsimer, Elizabeth

2008-01-01

390

Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology.  

PubMed

Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism. PMID:22478175

Staats, A W

1994-01-01

391

Comparative psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comments on Notes on the Psychic Development of the Young White Rat, by Willard S. Small (American Journal of Psychology, Vol. XI., No. I, Oct., 1899. Pp. 80-100; ; An Experimental Study of the Mental Processes of the Rat, by Willard S. Small (American Journal of Psychology, Vol. XI., No. 2, Jan., 1900. Pp. 133-165; ; Notes on the Individual

Edward Thorndike

1900-01-01

392

A randomized controlled trial to improve health among women receiving welfare in the US: the relationship between employment outcomes and the economic recession.  

PubMed

The high prevalence of health conditions among U.S. women receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF, or 'welfare') impedes the ability of many in this group to move from 'welfare-to-work', and the economic recession has likely exacerbated this problem. Despite this, few interventions have been developed to improve employment outcomes by addressing the health needs of women receiving TANF, and little is known about the impact of economic downturns on the employment trajectory of this group. Using data from a recent randomized controlled trial (RCT) that tested the efficacy of a public health nursing (PHN) intervention to address the chronic health condition needs of 432 American women receiving TANF, we examine the effect of the intervention and of recession exposure on employment. We further explore whether intervention effects were modified by select sociodemographic and health characteristics. Both marginal and more robust intervention effects were noted for employment-entry outcomes (any employment, p = 0.05 and time-to-employment, p = 0.01). There were significant effects for recession exposure on employment-entry (any employment, p = 0.002 and time-to-employment, p < 0.001). Neither the intervention nor recession exposure influenced longer-term employment outcomes (employment rate or maximum continuous employment). Intervention effects were not modified by age, education, prior TANF receipt, functional status, or recession exposure, suggesting the intervention was equally effective in improving employment-entry across a fairly heterogeneous group both before and after the recession onset. These findings advance our understanding of the health and employment dynamics among this group of disadvantaged women under variable macroeconomic conditions, and have implications for guiding health and TANF-related policy. PMID:22963921

Kneipp, Shawn M; Kairalla, John A; Sheely, Amanda L

2013-03-01

393

Psychological Review 1992, Vol.99, No. 3,467-479  

E-print Network

Psychological Review 1992, Vol.99, No. 3,467-479 Copyright 1992 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 0033-295X/92/S3.00 On the Relationship of the Psychological and the Physical of the relationshipofthe psychological and the physical and uses it to formulate a newkind of meaningfulness principle

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

394

Infertility and psychological distress: A critical review of the literature  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay reviews the literature on the social psychological impact of infertility, paying special attention to the relationship between gender and the infertility experience. It is convenient to divide the literature into articles which explore the possibility that infertility may have psychological causes (Psychogenic Hypothesis) and those which examine the psychological consequences of infertility (Psychological Consequences Hypothesis). The psychogenic hypothesis

Arthur L. Greil

1997-01-01

395

Supporting Dependant Relatives of Undocumented Immigrants through Psychological Hardship Evaluations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature on immigration to the United States and its psychological effects upon immigrants and their children is reviewed. Guidelines for psychologist\\/attorney collaboration to support undocumented immigrants and their qualified relatives are addressed. Psychological evaluation can document rectification of prior negative behaviors, a causal relationship between abuse and psychological diagnosis in support of asylum, and\\/or a qualified relative's extreme psychological

Gabrielle Stutman; Peggy Brady-Amoon

2011-01-01

396

Health psychology training in doctoral psychology programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the results of a Division 38 (the health psychology division of the American Psychological Association) survey of graduate training programs in psychology, along with facility-specific information on doctoral training opportunities in health psychology as of Fall 1981. 310 questionnaires were returned from psychology programs; 53 indicated that doctoral training in health psychology was available at their institution. It was

Cynthia D. Belar; Eugenie Wilson; Howard Hughes

1982-01-01

397

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-print Network

and the world: Developmental Psychology, Social Psy- chology, Cognitive Psychology, Theories of PersonalityPSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University

Sanders, Matthew

398

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements The minor program in Psychology is designed to expose students to a variety of content areas in the field of Psychology and to provide the student with the ability to evaluate Psychology researcher as a consumer. To declare a Psychology minor, the student must

Chase, Sheila

399

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY information specific to the School Psychology Specialization. This specialization is fully approved ................................................................................................ 3 THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY .............................. 3 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

Saldin, Dilano

400

Pain-related musculoskeletal disorders, psychological comorbidity, and the relationship with physical and mental well-being in Gulf War veterans.  

PubMed

Occupational activities such as lifting loads, working in constrained spaces, and training increase the risk of pain-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in military veterans. Few studies have investigated MSD and psychological disorder in veterans, and previous studies had limitations. This cross-sectional study compared pain-related MSD and psychological comorbidity and well-being between 1381 male Australian 1990-1991 Gulf War veterans (veterans) and a military comparison group (n=1377, of whom 39.6% were serving and 32.7% had previously deployed). At a medical assessment, 2000-2002, reported doctor-diagnosed arthritis or rheumatism, back or neck problems, joint problems, and soft tissue disorders were rated by medical practitioners as nonmedical, unlikely, possible, or probable diagnoses. Only probable MSDs were analysed. Psychological disorders in the past 12 months were measured using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. The Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12) assessed 4-week physical and mental well-being. Almost one-quarter of veterans (24.5%) and the comparison group (22.4%) reported an MSD. Having any or specific MSD was associated with depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but not alcohol disorders. Physical and mental well-being was poorer in those with an MSD compared to those without, in both study groups (eg, veterans with any MSD, difference in SF-12 physical component summary scale medians = -10.49: 95% confidence interval -12.40, -8.57), and in those with MSD and psychological comorbidity compared with MSD alone. Comorbidity of any MSD and psychological disorder was more common in veterans, but MSDs were associated with depression, PTSD, and poorer well-being in both groups. Psychological comorbidity needs consideration in MSD management. Longitudinal studies are needed to assess directionality and causality. PMID:24361580

Kelsall, Helen Louise; McKenzie, Dean Philip; Forbes, Andrew Benjamin; Roberts, Minainyo Helen; Urquhart, Donna Michelle; Sim, Malcolm Ross

2014-04-01

401

Personality Traits and Psychological Health Concerns: The Search for Psychology Student Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study explored whether an affliction similar to Medical Student Syndrome occurs in psychology students (i.e., Psychology Student Syndrome) by examining the relationship between self ratings of psychological health and the number of psychopathology courses taken. Undergraduate participants rated their level of concern about suffering…

Deo, Michael S.; Lymburner, Jocelyn A.

2011-01-01

402

A web-based survey of the relationship between buddhist religious practices, health, and psychological characteristics: research methods and preliminary results.  

PubMed

A Web-based survey was conducted to study the religious and health practices, medical history and psychological characteristics among Buddhist practitioners. This report describes the development, advertisement, administration and preliminary results of the survey. Over 1200 Buddhist practitioners responded. Electronic advertisements were the most effective means of recruiting participants. Survey participants were mostly well educated with high incomes and white. Participants engaged in Buddhist practices such as meditation, attending meetings and obtaining instruction from a monk or nun, and practiced healthful behaviors such as regular physical activity and not smoking. Buddhist meditative practice was related to psychological mindfulness and general health. PMID:19107601

Wiist, W H; Sullivan, B M; Wayment, H A; Warren, M

2010-03-01

403

Beyond Positive Psychology?  

PubMed Central

The field of positive psychology rests on the assumption that certain psychological traits and processes are inherently beneficial for well-being. We review evidence that challenges this assumption. First, we review data from 4 independent longitudinal studies of marriage revealing that 4 ostensibly positive processes—forgiveness, optimistic expectations, positive thoughts, and kindness—can either benefit or harm well-being depending on the context in which they operate. Although all 4 processes predicted better relationship well-being among spouses in healthy marriages, they predicted worse relationship well-being in more troubled marriages. Then, we review evidence from other research that reveals that whether ostensibly positive psychological traits and processes benefit or harm well-being depends on the context of various noninterpersonal domains as well. Finally, we conclude by arguing that any movement to promote well-being may be most successful to the extent that it (a) examines the conditions under which the same traits and processes may promote versus threaten well-being, (b) examines both healthy and unhealthy people, (c) examines well-being over substantial periods of time, and (d) avoids labeling psychological traits and processes as positive or negative. PMID:21787036

McNulty, James K.; Fincham, Frank D.

2014-01-01

404

Hyperandrogenemia, psychological distress, and food cravings in young women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reproductive disorders and psychological distress are common co-morbidities of obesity in young women. Psychological and reproductive disturbances may also be associated with increased food cravings but the relationships between these factors have not been explored. This study aimed to explore the pattern of food cravings and to determine the relationship between psychological distress, reproductive health and food cravings in overweight

Siew S. Lim; Robert J. Norman; Peter M. Clifton; Manny Noakes

2009-01-01

405

% Placement (Employed +  

E-print Network

Total # Employed % Employed # Addt'l Education % Addt'l Education % Placement (Employed + Education% 83% n/a Nursing 7 3 43% 0 0% 43% $46,333 Associate Degree Total 16 9 56% 0 0% 56% $41,300 BACHELOR 25% 60% $42,500 Chemistry 5 3 60% 1 20% 80% $37,500 Math 10 3 30% 3 30% 60% $35,667 Nursing 12 10 83

406

The Investigation of Relationship among Relational-Interdependent Self-Construal, Cyberbullying, and Psychological Disharmony in Adolescents: An Investigation of Structural Equation Modelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of relational-interdependent self-construal on cyberbullying and the effect of cyberbullying on psychological disharmony. Participants were 258 high school students. In this study, the Relational-Interdependent Self-Construal Scale, the Revised Cyberbullying Inventory, and the Depression, Anxiety,…

Cetin, Bayram; Eroglu, Yuksel; Peker, Adem; Akbaba, Sirri; Pepsoy, Sevim

2012-01-01

407

Abnormal Oral Sensory Perception in Patients with a History of Anorexia nervosa and the Relationship between Physiological and Psychological Improvement in this Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

14 patients with a history of anorexia nervosa (AN) (mean duration 7.1 years) were divided into two groups according to whether they were still amenorrheic (group I, n = 6) at a significantly lower body weight or at normal stable weight with eumenorrhea (group II, n = 8); 26 age-matched students served as the control group. Psychological testing included the

E. M. Berry; Sima Fried; E. L. Edelstein

1995-01-01

408

Psychology and non-psychology students' estimation of their desirable and undesirable personality traits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examines the relationship between psychology and non-psychology students' actual and self-estimated test scores derived from Eysenck's Personality Questionnaire-Revised (EPQ-R, 1985). One hundred and five final year psychology (58 female, 47 male) and 90 final year non-psychology students, mainly from Engineering and Physics disciplines, (40 female, 50 male) rated the degree to which they exhibited extraversion, neuroticism and

Bahman Baluch; G. Neil Martin; Leonie Christian; William J. Corulla

1996-01-01

409

An Empirical Study of The Moderating Effect of an Ideology of Employee Self-Reliance on The Relationship Between Layoffs And Perceived Breach of Contract  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this study is to determine whether a belief in an ideology of employee self-reliance moderates the relationship between layoffs and perceived breach of psychological contracts. Business students participated in an experiment that manipulated their beliefs about appropriate employment relationships. Subjects in the ideology of employee self- reliance condition reported lower levels of perceived breach of contract

John C. Edwards

410

Industry Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article illustrates projected employment change by industry and industry sector over 2010-20 decade. Workers are grouped into an industry according to the type of good produced or service provided by the establishment for which they work. Industry employment projections are shown in terms of numeric change (growth or decline in the total…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

2012-01-01

411

Maternal Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The overwhelming evidence from years of research is that maternal employment, by itself, has little influence on the behaviors of children. More relevant issues are: mother's reasons for working, family's acceptance of mother's employment, quality of substitute child care, family's social and emotional health, and economic conditions. (Author/AJ)

Clark, Sam

1975-01-01

412

ICT Employment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page, from the Mid-Pacific Information and Communications Technology Center, provides some information on careers and employment in the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) industries. The three types of individuals using information and communications technologies include ICT users, enablers and creators. The webpage also includes employment data from a few different agencies including the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics.

2011-08-02

413

Engaging Employers?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key factor in the successful development of workplace learning is employer engagement (Leitch, 2006; DfES, 2007). However, despite numerous approaches by government in the United Kingdom to bring together employers, providers and learners so that economic success is generated by a skilled and flexible workforce, there continue to be challenges…

Hillier, Yvonne

2008-01-01

414

Industry Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article illustrates projected employment change from an industry perspective over the 2008-2018 decade. Workers are grouped into an industry according to the type of good produced or service provided by the establishment in which they work. Industry employment projections are shown in terms of numeric change (growth or decline in the total…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

2010-01-01

415

Employment Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ross Runkel is a retired professor of law, and given his long experience with employment and labor law, it seems quite natural that he would be the founder of the site, Employment Law. Along with a team of other equally qualified professionals, he has created this site to serve as a clearinghouse of material about the world of employment law and its many facets. First time visitors may wish to check out his employment law or arbitration blogs, then move on to one of the most popular features, a list of recent and pending cases in the field that have been heard before the US Supreme Court. Additionally, the âÂÂArticlesâ area contains pieces authored by Runkel and others, including a piece on how to find an employment lawyer and several timely pieces on the National Labor Relations Board.

Runkel, Ross, 1939-

416

Psychological maltreatment.  

PubMed

Psychological or emotional maltreatment of children may be the most challenging and prevalent form of child abuse and neglect. Caregiver behaviors include acts of omission (ignoring need for social interactions) or commission (spurning, terrorizing); may be verbal or nonverbal, active or passive, and with or without intent to harm; and negatively affect the child's cognitive, social, emotional, and/or physical development. Psychological maltreatment has been linked with disorders of attachment, developmental and educational problems, socialization problems, disruptive behavior, and later psychopathology. Although no evidence-based interventions that can prevent psychological maltreatment have been identified to date, it is possible that interventions shown to be effective in reducing overall types of child maltreatment, such as the Nurse Family Partnership, may have a role to play. Furthermore, prevention before occurrence will require both the use of universal interventions aimed at promoting the type of parenting that is now recognized to be necessary for optimal child development, alongside the use of targeted interventions directed at improving parental sensitivity to a child's cues during infancy and later parent-child interactions. Intervention should, first and foremost, focus on a thorough assessment and ensuring the child's safety. Potentially effective treatments include cognitive behavioral parenting programs and other psychotherapeutic interventions. The high prevalence of psychological abuse in advanced Western societies, along with the serious consequences, point to the importance of effective management. Pediatricians should be alert to the occurrence of psychological maltreatment and identify ways to support families who have risk indicators for, or evidence of, this problem. PMID:22848125

Hibbard, Roberta; Barlow, Jane; Macmillan, Harriet

2012-08-01

417

Psychology 380: Cognitive Psychology Spring 2008  

E-print Network

Psychology 380: Cognitive Psychology Spring 2008 San Diego State University Instructor: Brock: Cognition: The Thinking Animal, Daniel Willingham (3rd Ed.) Prerequisite for this course: Psychology 101: Introduction to Psychology Goals for this course: Cognitive psychology is concerned with mental processes

Gallo, Linda C.

418

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001 Department of Psychology Michigan State. Text David Hothersall, History of Psychology, New York: McGraw-Hill, 4th ed., 2004 (paperback). On sale 10-339 (for topics II-XVII) because pages 1-10 (Topic I: Introduction to the History of Psychology

Liu, Taosheng

419

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350  

E-print Network

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350 Abnormal Psychology Spring 2008 N-101 Tuesdays 4 psychology. By the end of the semester, students will be able to: · Discuss extant models of abnormal in Foundation II.B., Social and Behavioral Sciences required." #12;Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 2 Course

Gallo, Linda C.

420

The psychological contract and individual differences: The role of exchange and creditor ideologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examines exchange and creditor ideologies (two dispositional characteristics that are strongly related to exchange relationships) and their moderating effects on the psychological contract. Five hundred public-sector employees were studied over a 3-year period. Respondents’ were surveyed as to their perceptions of what they believed their employer owed them (e.g., job security, training, involvement in decision making, etc.)

Jacqueline A-M Coyle-Shapiro; Joel H Neuman

2004-01-01

421

The mediating sex-specific effect of psychological distress on the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and current smoking among adults  

PubMed Central

Background Research suggests that ACEs have a long-term impact on the behavioral, emotional, and cognitive development of children. These disruptions can lead to adoption of unhealthy coping behaviors throughout the lifespan. The present study sought to examine psychological distress as a potential mediator of sex-specific associations between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and adult smoking. Method Data from 7,210 Kaiser-Permanente members in San Diego California collected between April and October 1997 were used. Results Among women, psychological distress mediated a significant portion of the association between ACEs and smoking (21% for emotional abuse, 16% for physical abuse, 15% for physical neglect, 10% for parental separation or divorce). Among men, the associations between ACEs and smoking were not significant. Conclusions These findings suggest that for women, current smoking cessation strategies may benefit from understanding the potential role of childhood trauma. PMID:22788356

2012-01-01

422

Stanford Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A host of online educational initiatives during the past few years have brought lectures from all over the world into the homes into many persons who may not have access to such programs in their own local communities. One such website brings the insights and collected knowledge of various members of Stanford University's renowned psychology department to the Internet-browsing public. The lectures address such topics as the psychology of evil, the role of parents in their children's lives, and the role of personal and collective efficacy. Along with these individual talks presented by various members of the psychology faculty, there are several nice panel sessions on the nature of language and the cultural shaping of emotion. Finally, the site also contains the lively question-and-answer sessions that followed each panel session.

423

A Web-Based Survey of the Relationship Between Buddhist Religious Practices, Health, and Psychological Characteristics: Research Methods and Preliminary Results  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Web-based survey was conducted to study the religious and health practices, medical history and psychological characteristics\\u000a among Buddhist practitioners. This report describes the development, advertisement, administration and preliminary results\\u000a of the survey. Over 1200 Buddhist practitioners responded. Electronic advertisements were the most effective means of recruiting\\u000a participants. Survey participants were mostly well educated with high incomes and white. Participants

W. H. Wiist; B. M. Sullivan; H. A. Wayment; M. Warren

2010-01-01

424

[Psychological debriefing].  

PubMed

Diagnostic criteria for stress reactions and adjustment disorders are summarized. Existing psychological treatments are outlined with a focus on evidence-based methods, and recommendations for treatment are described. The conclusion is that there is no evidence for the effect of psychological debriefing or other professional treatment in the immediate aftermath of traumatic events. On the other hand, cognitive behavioural therapy, EMDR and similar methods with focus on exposure can be recommended, both as a preventive strategy and for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. PMID:19284905

Arendt, Mikkel; Rosenberg, Raben

2009-02-16

425

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST Psychology 685  

E-print Network

6/1/2011 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST Psychology 685 Millersville University/School/Community Collaboration Domain 9: Research and Program Evaluation Domain 10: School Psychology Practice and Development: ______________ Review pertinent folders ______________ Interview teacher/school personnel ______________ Observe

Hardy, Christopher R.

426

Clinical Psychology Unit. Doctor of Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Clinical Psychology Unit. Doctor of Clinical Psychology Annual Placement Report November 2013 standards for clinical psychology training programmes, as set out the placements they completed between September 2012 and October 2013. Clinical

Stone, J. V.

427

A Discrepancy Model of Psychological Contract Violations  

Microsoft Academic Search

While previous research suggests that employees rarely believe organizations keep all of the commitments made to them, only in some cases do employees perceive these unfulfilled commitments as psychological contract violations and make active attempts to “get even” with their employers for the betrayal. This article presents a discrepancy model for understanding when employees will perceive unfulfilled commitments as psychological

William H. Turnley; Daniel C. Feldman

1999-01-01

428

Are Discrepancies Among Child, Mother, and Father Reports on Children's Behavior Related to Parents' Psychological Symptoms and Aspects of Parent–Child Relationships?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examined whether parents' symptoms and qualitative and quantitative aspects of parent–child relationships make unique contributions to mothers' and fathers' reports of, and mother–child, father–child, and father–mother discrepancies on, children's behavior. Participants were 100 children, aged 10–12, and their mothers and fathers. Parents' symptoms and parent–child relationships made unique contributions to both parents' ratings of externalizing behavior. Although parent–child relationship variables

Christina M. Treutler; Catherine C. Epkins

2003-01-01

429

Psychology Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A goal of the PsychExperiments project was to reduce the financial burden on psychology departments for hardware/software used in their laboratories. In its third year, the PsychExperiments site now hosts 39 experiments. Over 200 classrooms worldwide have signed up as official site users and there have been nearly 10,000 data sessions conducted.…

McGraw, Ken; Tew, Mark D.; Williams, John E.

2001-01-01

430

PSYCHOLOGICAL SUl  

E-print Network

- PSYCHOLOGICAL SUl::NU: Research Report CAN IMITATION IN PIGEONS BE EXPLAINED BY LOCAL ENHANCEMENT TOGETHER. sug- gested this finding showed observer pigeons huJ learned by imitation to peck at or step on the treadle. However, the same result might have been obtained if pigeons had learned to step on the treadle

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

431

Psychology, measurements  

E-print Network

of Psychology, University of Reading, UK Abstract Several recent papers have described how lexical properties. At a practical level, word co­occurrence statistics are used to generate high dimensional vector space representations and appropriate distance metrics are defined on those spaces. The resulting co­occurrence vectors

Bullinaria, John

432

Kenneth Kotovsky Psychology Department  

E-print Network

. --Cognitive Psychology, referee. --Cognitive Science, referee. --JEP General, referee. --Journal of MemoryVita Kenneth Kotovsky Address: Psychology Department Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA-Mellon University Psychology Department: ---Professor & Dir. Undergraduate Studies in Psychology, 2000-Present

433

Self-medication among traumatized youth: structural equation modeling of pathways between trauma history, substance misuse, and psychological distress.  

PubMed

In an effort to self-medicate psychological distress stemming from exposure to traumatic life events, at-risk youth may be likely to seek intoxication via substance use. Concomitantly, self-medication with psychoactive substances is theorized to confer risk of developing future psychiatric and substance use disorders. The present study employed structural equation modeling to examine self-medication among a sample of 723 youth in residential treatment for antisocial behavior via recursive and non-recursive relationships between trauma history, substance misuse, and psychological distress. Results supported study hypotheses that: (a) the effects of trauma history on psychological distress are partially mediated by substance misuse, and (b) exposure to traumatic life events drives a feedback loop between substance misuse and psychological distress. Findings from this large-scale survey of adolescents exhibiting behavioral dysfunction suggest that identification of self-medication processes among traumatized youth may be crucial for developing targeted prevention and treatment initiatives. PMID:22454227

Garland, Eric L; Pettus-Davis, Carrie; Howard, Matthew O

2013-04-01

434

Self-medication among traumatized youth: structural equation modeling of pathways between trauma history, substance misuse, and psychological distress  

PubMed Central

In an effort to self-medicate psychological distress stemming from exposure to traumatic life events, at-risk youth may be likely to seek intoxication via substance use. Concomitantly, self-medication with psychoactive substances is theorized to confer risk of developing future psychiatric and substance use disorders. The present study employed structural equation modeling to examine self-medication among a sample of 723 youth in residential treatment for antisocial behavior via recursive and non-recursive relationships between trauma history, substance misuse, and psychological distress. Results supported study hypotheses that: (a) the effects of trauma history on psychological distress are partially mediated by substance misuse, and (b) exposure to traumatic life events drives a feedback loop between substance misuse and psychological distress. Findings from this large-scale survey of adolescents exhibiting behavioral dysfunction suggest that identification of self-medication processes among traumatized youth may be crucial for developing targeted prevention and treatment initiatives. PMID:22454227

Pettus-Davis, Carrie; Howard, Matthew O.

2012-01-01

435

(970) 491-MyHR (6947) Academic Faculty * Administrative Professionals * Post Doctoral Fellow * Veterinary and Clinical Psychology Interns  

E-print Network

* Veterinary and Clinical Psychology Interns CSU Benefits Plan (Cost Share) Privileges and Benefits #12 and Clinical Psychology Interns through employment with Colorado State University are summarized Doctoral Fellows, Veterinary Interns and Clinical Psychology Interns benefits and privileges are subject

436

A Coaching Psychology Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Psychology in its place" (2008), John Radford considers "what is or should be the "place" of Psychology in education, more particularly Higher Education". In this article, the author looks at the possible inclusion of coaching psychology within undergraduate psychology programmes. Coaching psychology as an applied area of psychology

Palmer, Stephen

2008-01-01

437

The Psychology of Teaching Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that psychology instructors should capitalize upon students' eagerness for self-disclosure and that course material should be channeled toward meeting this need. Examines the use of specific personality inventory tests measuring memory, motivation, creativity, and emotion as a link between course material and the students' personal…

Osaze, Jana D.

1980-01-01

438

Ability-performance relationships in education and employment settings: critical tests of the more-is-better and the good-enough hypotheses.  

PubMed

The nature of the relationship between ability and performance is of critical importance for admission decisions in the context of higher education and for personnel selection. Although previous research has supported the more-is-better hypothesis by documenting linearity of ability-performance relationships, such research has not been sensitive enough to detect deviations at the top ends of the score distributions. An alternative position receiving considerable attention is the good-enough hypothesis, which suggests that although higher levels of ability may result in better performance up to a threshold, above this threshold greater ability does not translate to better performance. In this study, the nature of the relationship between cognitive ability and performance was examined throughout the score range in four large-scale data sets. Monotonicity was maintained in all instances. Contrary to the good-enough hypothesis, the ability-performance relationship was commonly stronger at the top end of the score distribution than at the bottom end. PMID:21931155

Arneson, Justin J; Sackett, Paul R; Beatty, Adam S

2011-10-01

439

Psychology in the public service.  

PubMed

Philip G. Zimbardo outlines the challenges and opportunities he faces as the American Psychological Association's (APA's) 110th president. This article expands on remarks made in his introduction to Patrick H. DeLeon's presidential address at the APA's 2001 annual convention in San Francisco, California. Appearing now, mid-term in his presidency, that vision is a working blueprint of his activities and what he hopes to accomplish in his remaining tenure: enhancing psychologists' pride in psychology; developing more productive relationships with all media as gatekeepers to the public; publishing the standard high school psychology textbook; developing a compendium of all psychological research that illustrates how psychologists have made a significant difference in improving various aspects of the quality of life of individuals, groups, communities, and the United States; and encouraging greater unity of purpose and respect among psychologists across their many diverse domains and specialties. PMID:12094437

Zimbardo, Philip G

2002-01-01

440

The Relationship Of Maternal Employment And Ethnic Origin To The Sex Role Perception Of Cuban-American And Anglo-American Female Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of maternal employment and maternal education on the Cuban-American and Anglo-American female adolescents' perception of their sex role.Procedures. The Attitudes toward Women Scale, the Texas Social Behavior Inventory, the Personal Attributes Questionnaire, and a demographic questionnaire devised by the author were administered to a total of 221 female private

Carmen Batancourt Lord

1980-01-01

441

Relationships of the Psychological Influence of Food and Barriers to Lifestyle Change to Weight and Utilization of Online Weight Loss Tools  

PubMed Central

Introduction: The psychological influence of food (PFS) and perceived barriers to lifestyle change (PBLC) were considered as predictors of body mass index and website tool utilization (TU) in an online weight loss program. Materials and Methodology: An archival analysis of all (N = 1361) overweight/obese (BMI M = 31.6 + 6.24 kg/m2), adult (M = 42.0 + 10.72 years) users (82.4% female) of an evidence-based, multidisciplinary Internet weight loss program was performed. Predictor variables included: PFS and PBLC, age, and longest maintained weight loss in relation to 1) BMI 2) TU. Results: Both PBLC and PFS were correlated with baseline BMI and TU. Regression analyses indicated that only PFS independently predicted BMI (p = .0001) and TU (p = .001) when the model included all predictor variables. One-way ANOVA indicated gender differences on both PBLC and PFS scores (p = .001). Subsequent regression analyses separated by gender showed that in females PFS predicted BMI (p = .0001) and TU (p = .005). For males no variable significantly predicted BMI (p’s > .05) however PBLC did predict TU (p = .008). Conclusions: Our findings suggest that when developing online weight loss programs clinical characteristics of the user could inform website algorithms to maximize website utilization. Gender differences indicated that for women it may be important to understand how factors related to the psychological influence of food impact utilization of online weight loss programs, however, for men broader barriers to lifestyle change is an important consideration. PMID:22550554

Binks, Martin; van Mierlo, Trevor; Edwards, Christopher L

2012-01-01

442

Somatic disease and psychological disorder.  

PubMed

The association between physical and psychological disorders has been demonstrated repeatedly. There are a number of explanations for this association, each of them pointing to specific diseases and operationalizations of mental distress. In this article, the relationship between various somatic diseases and a number of indices for psychological distress was investigated. Within one study population, patients with different somatic diseases were identified, and their experience with mental distress, their requests for help from their GP during consultations, and their GPs' diagnoses were registered and compared with the total study population: It appears that relationships could be demonstrated between experience of distress and presentation of psychological symptoms during consultations, on the one hand, and common physical disorders, on the other. Patients with neurological diseases (Parkinson's, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis) and gastric ulcers showed the same relationships, but were also more frequently diagnosed by the GP as having psychological disorders. Patients with a number of other serious somatic diseases, such as diabetes, cancer, and arthritis, did not distinguish themselves in a positive way on one of indices for psychological distress. PMID:9130183

Verhaak, P F

1997-03-01

443

The psychological contract: A concept in need of closer scrutiny?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychological contract is currently a popular concept. It has been used in several recent analyses of individuals' careers. However, there are a number of unresolved conceptual and empirical issues surrounding the psychological contract. These are described and discussed. The main issues concern the extent to which the psychological contract between employee and employer is mutual, the importance or otherwise

John Arnold

1996-01-01

444

1 Programme Title Clinical Psychology 2 Programme Code PSYR09  

E-print Network

i Appendix 1 1 Programme Title Clinical Psychology 2 Programme Code PSYR09 3 JACS Code (if applicable) 4 Level of Study Postgraduate 5a Final Qualification Doctorate in Clinical Psychology (DClin Psy currently employ trainees on the programme. Further information can be accessed via the Clinical Psychology

Oakley, Jeremy

445

Irish Athletes' Attitudes Toward Seeking Sport Psychology Consultation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to replicate previous research examining attitudes to sport psychology consultation conducted in the US, Germany and the UK, and New Zealand. The study employed the Sport Psychology Attitudes-Revised (SPA-R) questionnaire in order to examine the attitudes elite Irish athletes (N = 240) hold toward sport psychology, and also to compare these attitudes with those

David Lavallee; Des Jennings; Ailsa G. Anderson; Scott B. Martin

2005-01-01

446

Occupational Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When choosing a career, jobseekers often want to know which occupations offer the best prospects. Generally, occupations that have rapid job growth, many new jobs, or many job openings--and good wages--promise better opportunities. This paper shows how employment in particular occupations is projected to change from 2010 to 2020. It presents…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2012

2012-01-01

447

Occupational Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When choosing a career, jobseekers often want to know which occupations offer the best prospects. Generally, occupations that have rapid job growth, many new jobs, or many job openings--and good wages--promise better opportunities. This article shows how employment in particular occupations is projected to change over the 2008-2018 decade. The…

Occupational Outlook Quarterly, 2010

2010-01-01

448

Employability Skills  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module from the Florida Advanced Technological Education (FL-ATE) Center will help students understand and develop their own set of personal employability skills, such as communication and teamwork. The activity aims to help students understand the importance of communication and teamwork in a business setting. The lesson should require one class period to complete.

2011-03-03

449

Consciousness, Psychology, and Education: A Speculative Essay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph explores implications of the psychology of consciousness for education. The psychology of consciousness encompasses the relationships among behavior, experience, and states of consciousness. It is interpreted to include different states of consciousness, paranormal phenomena, mystical experiences, dreams, psychic healing, and other…

1980

450

Levels of Analysis in Comparative Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three levels of analysis in comparative psychology are described: studies of one species, studies of several species, and cross-species correlational studies. The latter technique is rarely found in comparative psychology research, but it has great potential for the study of relationships between behaviors and for the discovery of general laws of behavior.

David Lester

1982-01-01

451

PSY 380: Psychology of Gender Winter 2012  

E-print Network

common beliefs about gender, the relationship of gender to traditional issues in psychology (e.g., moral both the readings and lecture. Course Expectations & Classroom Behavior The psychology of gender students. We must all work together to create a classroom environment that is safe, respectful

Lockery, Shawn

452

PSY 380: Psychology of Gender Summer 2012  

E-print Network

gender, the relationship of gender to traditional issues in psychology (e.g., moral development Expectations & Classroom Behavior The psychology of gender is a topic about which students often have varying a classroom environment that is safe, respectful and supportive. To this end, we will develop a classroom code

Lockery, Shawn

453

Psychological contracts: are they still relevant?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In dynamic business environments the concept of the psychological contract has altered radically. Empirical evidence from a case study conducted in one of Australia’s largest banking organisations is used to illustrate how change can impact upon the psychological contract. Traditional loyalty to an organisation and continuance commitment are becoming less important as organisations pursue more transactional relationships with their employees

Heather Maguire

2002-01-01

454

Psychological Contracts: Are They Still Relevant?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empirical evidence from a banking organization illustrated how change has an impact on psychological contracts. Concluded that maintenance of contracts makes an important contribution to relationships but organizations need to adjust psychological contracts to meet the needs of the work force. (Contains 58 references.) (JOW)

Maguire, Heather

2002-01-01

455

Collaboration in Capitated Care: Challenges for Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights the mutual dependence of disciplines in capitated care systems, with a focus on a sample program at Kaiser Permanente. Challenges for psychology are discussed as they relate to intradiscipline issues, relationships with other psychosocial care disciplines, and broad health care systems issues. The author suggests that psychology's future in capitated care will rest on skills in research,

Cynthia D. Belar

1995-01-01

456

Psychological Individualism: Gender Differences or Gender Neutrality?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary purpose of this article was to examine research findings pertaining to whether the genders express psychological individualism comparably. Gender comparisons of scores on four constructs deemed to reflect psychological individualism (personal identity, self-actualization, internal locus of control, and principled moral reasoning) provide no basis for concluding gender differences exist. The relationships of these variables to measures of effective

Sally L. Archer; Alan S. Waterman

1988-01-01

457

in Psychology  

E-print Network

www.apa.org/pi/lgbc/ The APA Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns Office has worked since 1975 to eliminate the stigma of mental illness which has been mistakenly associated with same-sex sexual orientation and to reduce prejudice, discrimination, and violence against lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. Major functions of the office include support to APA's Committee on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns; liaison with the Society for the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Issues (APA Division 44) and with other APA groups that have an interest in lesbian, gay, and bisexual concerns; policy analysis, development, and advocacy for APA policy; technical assistance, information, and referral to APA members, other professionals, policymakers, the media, and the public; and development and dissemination of publications and other information on lesbian, gay and bisexual concerns in psychology. The Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns Office is housed within the Public Interest Directorate, which works to advance psychology as a means of promoting human welfare. Other programs within the Public Interest Directorate work on issues related to AIDS; adolescent health; aging; children, youth and families; disability; ethnic minorities; urban issues; violence; women; and workplace health. E E E The pink triangle was used in Nazi concentration camps to identify men interned for homosexuality. Some historians believe that lesbians interned by the Nazis would have been identified by a black triangle as "asocial." Many lesbian, gay, and bisexual organizations have adopted the pink triangle as a symbol of the need for continued vigilance toward sexual orientation prejudice, discrimination, and violence. E E E Copyright 2005 by the American Psychological Association. This material may be photocopied and distributed

unknown authors

458

Sport Psychology Consulting Effectiveness: The Sport Psychology Consultant's Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to examine sport psychology consultants’ (SPCs) perceptions of the influence of SPC characteristics on consultant effectiveness, while determining the conditions necessary for establishing an effective consulting relationship. Thirteen accredited SPCs participated in semi-structured interviews. Thematic content analysis identified three characteristics of SPC effectiveness: (a) build a connection with the athlete to create positive change,

Lee-Ann Sharp; Ken Hodge

2011-01-01

459

College of Psychology College of Psychology  

E-print Network

Resource Development Master of Science in Psychology Master of Science in Rehabilitation and Mental Health's libraries. Research Areas Clinical psychology faculty interests include: health psy- chology, attachmentCollege of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL

Heller, Barbara

460

College of Psychology College of Psychology  

E-print Network

's libraries. Research Areas Clinical psychology faculty interests include: health psy- chology, attachmentCollege of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu www.iit.edu/colleges/psych Dean: M. Ellen Mitchell Associate Dean

Heller, Barbara

461

Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

Rapport, Zachary

2011-01-01

462

COURSE SYLLABUS Psychology 350: Abnormal Psychology  

E-print Network

COURSE SYLLABUS Psychology 350: Abnormal Psychology Spring 2011 Instructor: Dennis P. Saccuzzo, Ph: Abnormal Psychology by Susan Holen-Hoeksema 4th edition This course covers the history, theories.D., J.D. Meeting Times: Wednesday:-6:40pm Professor of Psychology E-Mail: dsaccuzz

Gallo, Linda C.

463

Color Psychology and Graphic Design Applications.  

E-print Network

??Color filters humanity’s perception of the world and alters people’s relationship with their surroundings. It influences human perception, preference, and psychology throughout the lifespan. Color… (more)

Rider, Rose M

2010-01-01

464

Psychological Perspectives of Buddhism: Implications for Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews psychological perspectives of Buddhism and the universal human problem and its subsequent cures that can be applied to interactions in a counseling relationship. Suggests that meditation techniques can be integrated into current counseling theories. (JAC)

Vassallo, Janice N.

1984-01-01

465

The relationship between occupational stress and dysmenorrhea in midwives employed at public and private hospitals and health care centers in Iran (Mashhad) in the years 2010 and 2011  

PubMed Central

Background: According to the biopsychosocial model, menstrual symptoms are caused not only by a combination of biological factors such as hormonal disorders and lifestyle, but also by psychological and social factors such as working environment. This study aimed to determine the relation between occupational stress and dysmenorrhea in Iranian midwives. Materials and Methods: This prospective correlational study was performed on 150 midwives at public and private hospitals and health care centers of Mashhad, Iran. The subjects were selected through two-stage cluster sampling during 2010-2011. At the beginning of the study, participants completed questionnaires containing demographic information, work circumstances, the 21-item Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale, and the Job Content Questionnaire. They then completed the short form of daily Menstrual Distress Questionnaire during three consecutive menstrual cycles. Independent Student's t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Kruskal–Wallis, Mann–Whitney, and chi-square tests, correlation coefficients, and linear regression analysis were used to analyze the data collected data in SPSS11.5. Results: Dysmenorrhea was observed in 63.3% of the participants. Among these individuals, 15.7%, 45.2%, and 38.9% had mild, moderate, and severe symptoms, respectively. Moreover, 59.3% of the studied midwives had severe occupational stress. There was a significant positive correlation between occupational stress and severity of dysmenorrhea (P = 0.002, r = 0.82). Conclusions: Occupational stress is associated with increased risk of severe dysmenorrhea. This finding can be used to guide preventive measures to eliminate or decrease occupational stress and dysmenorrhea among Iranian midwives. However, identification of sources of occupational stress and related workloads is necessary. PMID:24403929

Kordi, Masoumeh; Mohamadirizi, Soheila; Shakeri, Mohamad Taghi

2013-01-01

466

Therapy for Child Psychological Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research of childhood psychological maltreatment has documented a range of severe and long-lasting difficulties for children who experience this type of abuse. Consequences can include but are not limited to emotional and behavioural problems, low self-esteem, and relationship difficulties. Accordingly, the development of therapy programs to…

Leeson, Fiona; Nixon, Reginald D. V.

2010-01-01

467

Psychology of Trauma Summer 2012  

E-print Network

? · Social--what are the effects of trauma on our relationships and families? · Child Abuse--what constitutes child abuse and what are its effects on children? · Psychiatric Diagnosis--what are the controversiesPsychology of Trauma Summer 2012 MTWR 12:00-1:50 303 Gerlinger Instructor: Laura Kaehler, lkaehler

Lockery, Shawn

468

The Paradigms of Counseling Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the evolution of counseling psychology's theoretical models and their subsequent treatment by "The Counseling Psychologist" (TCP) in its early years through 1984. After outlining the founding of the journal, the author traces the history of the TCP and its relationship to the historical periods of the profession's development. (GCP)

Whiteley, John M.

1999-01-01

469

Psychological Reactance in College Students: Family-of-Origin Predictors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the relationship between psychological reactance and dimensions of functioning in the family of origin. Psychological reactance is the tendency to exhibit resistance in relation to one's freedoms being restricted. Results showed that 5 family dimensions significantly predicted psychological reactance. Results also showed that college…

Buboltz, Walter C., Jr.; Johnson, Patrick; Woller, Kevin M. P.

2003-01-01

470

PSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER PSY 380 FALL TERM, 2013  

E-print Network

differences and similarities, gender roles, and the effect of gender on traditional issues in psychology. WePSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER ­ PSY 380 FALL TERM, 2013 TR 2:00 ­ 3:20 p.m., PAC 30 Office Hours about gender, the relationship of gender to traditional issues in psychology (e.g., moral development

Lockery, Shawn

471

PSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER PSY 380 SPRING TERM, 2012  

E-print Network

differences and similarities, gender roles, and the effect of gender on traditional issues in psychology. WePSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER ­ PSY 380 SPRING TERM, 2012 MW 8:30 ­ 9:50 a.m., CHA 207 Office Hours about gender, the relationship of gender to traditional issues in psychology (e.g., moral development

Lockery, Shawn

472

PSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER PSY 380 SPRING TERM, 2013  

E-print Network

differences and similarities, gender roles, and the effect of gender on traditional issues in psychology. WePSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER ­ PSY 380 SPRING TERM, 2013 TR 12:00 ­ 1:20 p.m., STB 146 Office Hours about gender, the relationship of gender to traditional issues in psychology (e.g., moral development

Lockery, Shawn

473

PSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER PSY 380 WINTER TERM, 2012  

E-print Network

differences and similarities, gender roles, and the effect of gender on traditional issues in psychology. WePSYCHOLOGY OF GENDER ­ PSY 380 WINTER TERM, 2012 TR 2:00 ­ 3:20 p.m., DEA 208 Office Hours about gender, the relationship of gender to traditional issues in psychology (e.g., moral development

Lockery, Shawn

474

Pedagogical, Psychological, and Literary Applications of Self-Report Inventories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To determine whether self-report psychological inventories could be used to better understand characters in literature, a psychology instructor and an English instructor arranged their courses so that they both focused on interpersonal relationships. The psychology course emphasized research on attraction, romantic love, and interpersonal…

Matlak, Richard E.; Kerber, Kenneth W.

475

The role of psychological factors in sport injury rehabilitation outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although physical factors have ascended to a position of primacy in explaining and guiding treatment toward attaining sport injury rehabilitation outcomes, psychological factors may also play an important role in the rehabilitation process. This review examines correlational studies (N=26) in which significant relationships between psychological factors have been found and experimental studies (N=14) in which the effects of psychological factors

Britton W. Brewer

2010-01-01

476

Toward a Multicultural Positive Psychology: Indigenous Forgiveness and Hmong Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The growing field of positive psychology is encouraging advances in the scientific research of developmental strengths and virtues like forgiveness. However, multicultural and indigenous psychology perspectives can raise valuable questions about positive psychology and the relationship between cultural particularity and virtues like forgiveness.…

Sandage, Steven J.; Hill, Peter C.; Vang, Henry C.

2003-01-01

477

Orthodoxy and heresy in self psychology: A Heretic's perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses a trend in self psychology toward the establishment of a somewhat rigid orthodoxy. The conceptual problems that such a stance raises, such as the role of empathy in the treatment process and the incompatibility that this presents with the current self psychological view of the etiology of psychopathology, are discussed. The relationship of self psychology to existential

Carlton Cornett

1992-01-01

478

Higher Education and Employment in Spain.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination of the relationship of higher education and employment in Spain looks at: issues in the internal debate over the relationship; the evolution of the job market within the Spanish economy; existing analyses of employment trends and labor needs; and the response of Spanish universities to graduate employment problems and the…

Fuente, Gloria de la

1995-01-01

479

Parental relationships in fragile families.  

PubMed

As nonmarital childbearing escalated in the United States over the past half century, fragile families--defined as unmarried couples with children--drew increased interest from researchers and policy makers. Sara McLanahan and Audrey Beck discuss four aspects of parental relationships in these families: the quality of parents' intimate relationship, the stability of that relationship, the quality of the co-parenting relationship among parents who live apart, and nonresident fathers' involvement with their child. At the time of their child's birth, half of the parents in fragile families are living together and another third are living apart but romantically involved. Despite high hopes at birth, five years later only a third of parents are still together, and new partners and new children are common, leading to high levels of instability and complexity in these families. Drawing on findings from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, McLanahan and Beck highlight a number of predictors of low relationship quality and stability in these families, including low economic resources, government policies that discourage marriage, gender distrust and acceptance of single motherhood, sex ratios that favor men, children from previous unions, and psychological factors that make it difficult for parents to maintain healthy relationships. No single factor appears to have a dominant effect. The authors next discuss two types of experiments that attempt to establish causal effects on parental relationships: those aimed at altering economic resources and those aimed at improving relationships. What can be done to strengthen parental relationships in fragile families? The authors note that although economic resources are a consistent predictor of stable relationships, researchers and policy makers lack good causal information on whether increasing fathers' employment and earnings will increase relationship quality and union stability. They also note that analysts need to know more about whether relationship quality in fragile families can be improved directly and whether doing so will increase union stability, father involvement, and co-parenting quality. PMID:20964130

McLanahan, Sara; Beck, Audrey N

2010-01-01

480

Forecasting state and local population growth with limited data: the use of employment-migration relationships and trends in vital rates.  

PubMed

In this study, the rate of growth of state and local populations in the United States is related to the growth rate of national employment, and to demographic and economic features of the regions concerned, in order to make more realistic long-term population projections. Both natural increase and migration are taken into account in the model developed. "The model is estimated for two regions, the El Paso, TX, standard metropolitan statistical area (SMSA) and the State of New Mexico. Several statistical problems arise because of the limited number of available time-series observations. Fully dynamic historical simulations track the population quite closely, in one case never differing from the actual value by more than 1.17% and in the other never differing by more than 1.36%." PMID:12343279

Greenwood, M J; Hunt, G L

1991-07-01

481

Chinese Cultural Beliefs about Adversity: Its Relationship to Psychological Well-Being, School Adjustment and Problem Behaviour in Hong Kong Adolescents With and Without Economic Disadvantage  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between Hong Kong adolescents' beliefs about adversity and their adjustment was studied using a scale measuring positive and negative Chinese cultural beliefs about adversity (N= 1519). Results showed that adolescents with stronger endorsement of positive Chinese beliefs (or weaker endorsement of negative Chinese beliefs) about…

Shek, Daniel T. L.

2004-01-01

482

The relationship among the transtheoretical model of behavioral change, psychological distress, and diet attitudes in obesity: Implications for primary care intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Obesity is prevalent but undertreated in primary care. Family practice volunteer outpatients (N=454) were administered the Stage of Change for Weight (URICA), the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), and the Diet Readiness Test (DRT) to assess the relationship between these variables and obesity. The body mass index (BMI) was used to classify obesity revealing 197 patients with elevated BMI's. There was

Rita Cowan; Paula J. Britton; Everett Logue; William Smucker; Lori Milo

1995-01-01

483

An evidence-based pilot study exploring relationships between psychologic and physiologic factors in post-lung-transplant adolescents with cystic fibrosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

After using an evidence-based approach to address clinical practice questions, a pilot study was designed to explore the relationships among anxiety and depression self-report data, cyclosporine (CSA) trough values, and biopsy rejection grades within a posttransplant sample of adolescents with cystic fibrosis. Thirteen study participants completed the Revised Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (RCMAS) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), and

Darlene Sredl; Tom Werner; Deborah Springhart; Donna Watkins; Margaret Shaner; Grace McBride

2003-01-01

484

The "Test-Tube" Generation: Parent-Child Relationships and the Psychological Well-Being of In Vitro Fertilization Children at Adolescence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared parent-child relationships and early adolescent well-being in families with children conceived by in vitro fertilization (IVF), adoptive families, and families with a naturally conceived child. Found that IVF children were functioning well and did not differ from other children in social or emotional adjustment. (Author/KB)

Golombok, Susan; MacCallum, Fiona; Goodman, Emma

2001-01-01

485

The Relationship Between Reproductive Work and Sociodemographic and Psychosocial Factors in Regard to Psychological Distress in Men and Women in Spain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studies have shown that some sociodemographic factors, such as marital status, employment status or social class, can affect\\u000a mental health in different ways for each gender. However, up until now, few research projects have tried to ascertain if the\\u000a role that reproductive work or psychosocial factors play in mental health is different for men and women. The aim of this

Isabel Ruiz-Pérez; Ignacio Ricci-Cabello; Juncal Plazaola-Castaño; María Isabel Montero-Piñar; Vicenta Escribá-Agüir

486

Psychological stress measurement through voice output analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Audio tape recordings of selected Skylab communications were processed by a psychological stress evaluator. Strip chart tracings were read blind and scores were assigned based on characteristics reported by the manufacturer to indicate psychological stress. These scores were analyzed for their empirical relationships with operational variables in Skylab judged to represent varying degrees of situational stress. Although some statistically significant relationships were found, the technique was not judged to be sufficiently predictive to warrant its use in assessing the degree of psychological stress of crew members in future space missions.

Older, H. J.; Jenney, L. L.

1975-01-01

487

The Model Employment Termination Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

Traditionally non-union employees are hired under the common-law doctrine known as “employment at will,” which allows the employer or employee to terminate the relationship at any time for any reason. Over the years exceptions to that doctrine have crept into case law and, in those states where the tort of wrongful discharge is recognized, wronged employees have recovered substantial punitive

Lorne Seidman; Robert J. Aalberts; Jolie R. Gaston

1993-01-01

488

The relationship of Alexithymia with anxiety-depression-stress, quality of life, and social support in Coronary Heart Disease (A psychological model)  

PubMed Central

Background: Although psychological factors are now recognized as playing a significant and independent role in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD) and its complications, many of these factors are correlated with each other. The present study is aimed at examining the association between alexithymia and anxiety depression, stress, quality of life, and social support in CHD patients. Materials and Methods: In this research 398 patients with coronary heart disease (166 females and 232 males) from the city of Isfahan were selected using random sampling. The tools used included depression, anxiety, and stress scale (DASS-21), Health-related to Quality Of Life (HRQOL-26), Multiple Scale Perceived Social Support (MSPSS-12), and the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20). The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling by using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS21) (IBM Corp: Armonk, New York.U.S.) and Asset Management Operating System (AMOS21) SPSS, an IBM Company: Chicago, U.S. Software. Results: Results of the structural equation model showed an acceptable goodness of fit, for the explanation alexithymia that was significantly associated with lower HRQOL and social support and increasing anxiety, depression, and stress. Conclusions: Alexithymia may increase anxiety, depression, and stress and can be a predisposing factor to poorer HRQOL and social support. PMID:25077161

Nekouei, Zohreh Khayyam; Doost, Hamid Taher Neshat; Yousefy, Alireza; Manshaee, Gholamreza; Sadeghei, Masoumeh

2014-01-01

489

Faculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences A psychology degree will help  

E-print Network

such as psychology teaching, research and practice in university, government, health, social services and private, government, health care and community agencies General Psychology program: employment in all fields involvingFaculty of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences Psychology A psychology degree will help you answer

490

Psychological issues in pediatric obesity  

PubMed Central

Pediatric obesity is a major health problem and has reached epidemiological proportions today. The present paper reviews major psychological issues in pediatric obesity from a developmental perspective. Research and literature has shown that a number of developmental, family, maternal and child factors are responsible in the genesis of pediatric obesity. Family food habits, early developmental lifestyle of the child, parenting, early family relationships and harmony all contribute towards the growth and development of a child. The present review focuses on the role of developmental psychological factors in the pathogenesis of pediatric obesity and highlights the developmental factors that must be kept in mind when evaluating a case of pediatric obesity. PMID:23766572

Kalra, Gurvinder; De Sousa, Avinash; Sonavane, Sushma; Shah, Nilesh

2012-01-01

491

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION  

E-print Network

HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (APA-Accredited and NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee For students, faculty, and supervisors 2013 to provide information specific to the School Psychology specialization. This specialization is fully

Saldin, Dilano

492

Legal Consequences of Employer Discharge Procedures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The employment contract is sometimes misunderstood by both employees and employers. Drafters of employee manuals, policies, and procedures should be aware that the nature of the at-will employment relationship can be transformed into a binding employment contract by the words and phrases chosen. In this article, the author uses the case of Eric,…

Joseph, Stephanie

2008-01-01

493

Employment Status of Individuals with Disabilities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A non-experimental design was used to investigate the relationship of the Test of Adult Basic Education (TABE) scores to employment status. Groups were comprised of individuals with disabilities who were either employed or not employed immediately following their taking of the TABE and being released from a testing and employment services center…

Kraska, Marie; Zinner, Bertram; Abebe, Asheber

2007-01-01

494

A "Both-And" Perspective between the Society of Counseling Psychology and Ethnic Minority Psychological Associations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a response to the major contribution published in this volume regarding the history and relationship between the Society of Counseling Psychology and five ethnic minority psychological associations. Using a both-and approach, this response discusses the topics of (a) written and oral history, (b) interconnectedness and…

Chung, Y. Barry; Wu, Kathy P.

2012-01-01

495

Physical Activity and Psychological Benefits. International Society of Sport Psychology Position Statement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International Society of Sport Psychology clarifies the psychological benefits of physical activity, noting the positive relationship between physical activity level and mental health. Exercise can reduce anxiety, decrease depression levels, reduce neuroticism and anxiety, reduce stress, and have beneficial emotional effects for both sexes across…

Physician and Sportsmedicine, 1992

1992-01-01

496

Social Psychology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... and Cognitive Sciences Social Psychology Description The Social Psychology Program at NSF ... emotion, social comparison and social influence, and the psychophysiological and neurophysiological ...

497

Psychology in counseling psychology: Whither or wither?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveyed psychology course offerings of 44 counseling graduate programs as well as the preferences of students and faculty (program directors) for a wide range of psychology course work. Mailed questionnaires were returned by directors of 23 programs and by 33 students in the programs. Responses for actual and preferred courses in American Psychological Association approved and nonapproved programs were similar.

Bruce R. Fretz

1975-01-01

498

Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

Zucchero, Renee' A.

2011-01-01

499

Reminiscence, Personality, and Psychological Functioning in Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: The present study examined the relationships be- tween the frequency and functions of reminiscence, personal- ity styles, and psychological functioning. There is little research on the psychological factors that correlate with remi- niscence, especially in relationship to clinical constructs such as depression and anxiety. Research in the area of reminis- cence functions may facilitate a better understanding of the

Jeffrey A. Cully; Donna LaVoie; Jeffrey D. Gfeller

2001-01-01

500

Routine occupational stress and psychological distress in police  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between routine work stress and psychological distress was investigated among 733 police officers in three US cities, during 1998-1999. The Work Environment Inventory (WEI) was developed to assess exposure to routine work stressors, while excluding duty-related traumatic stressors (critical incidents). The WEI and its general properties are presented. The relationship between routine work stress exposure and psychological distress

Akiva M. Liberman; Suzanne R. Best; Thomas J. Metzler; Jeffrey A. Fagan; Daniel S. Weiss; Charles R. Marmar

2002-01-01