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1

Theory and Motivational Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Motivational psychology and test theory are compared in this discussion, which focuses on distinguishing the effects of motivation and of ability on test performance and educational achievement. Recent theory in achievement motivation considers the motivational significance of future goals as they affect present activities that are instrumental in…

Atkinson, John W.

2

Elaboration theory and cognitive psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, instructional literature is pointing out the need for theories of instruction which are consistent with emerging cognitive psychology. Theory construction of this sort entails taking into account developing notions of the learner as a processor of information rather than a respondent to stimuli. The purpose of this article is to describe a recent instructional effort, referred to as the

M. David Merrill; Jeffrey C. Kelety; Brent Wilson

1981-01-01

3

The Psychological Import of Syntactic Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

My primary goal is to assess whether, and in what sense, the rules or principles of grammar are psychologically real. I begin by casting doubt on a received view in generative linguistics, according to which a true theory of the syntax of natural language would, ipso facto, be a theory of a psychological state or mechanism. I argue that a…

Pereplyotchik, David

2012-01-01

4

Applying Psychological Theories to Educational Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two approaches to the application of psychological theories to education might be referred to as domain-general and domain-specific. The domain-general approach seeks a general theory of cognitive and other skills that apply across subject-matter areas. The domain-specific approach seeks to apply specific theories within given domains, such as…

Sternberg, Robert

2008-01-01

5

MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology  

E-print Network

MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2011-2012 Psychology The School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh #12;MSc in the History and Theory of Psychology 2011/12 2 MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology 2011-2012 This booklet is a guide

Edinburgh, University of

6

Personality Theory, Abnormal Psychology, and Psychological MeasurementA Psychological Behaviorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behaviorism, because it has not had a theory of personality, has been separated from the rest of psychology, unable in large part to draw from or contribute to it. Traditional psychology has not had a theory of personality that says what personality is, how it comes about, or how it functions. An antagonism has resulted that weakens rather than complements

Arthur W. Staats

1993-01-01

7

Attachment Theory: Implications for School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effective practice of school psychology requires a strong research and theoretical base, a framework that encompasses developmental processes and outcomes, both adaptive and maladaptive, which facilitates assessment and intervention and offers insight into classroom and family dynamics. Attachment theory provides the school psychologist with…

Kennedy, Janice H.; Kennedy, Charles E.

2004-01-01

8

Educational PsychologyTheory, Research, and Teaching: A 25?year retrospective  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a brief overview of developments in educational psychology over the last twenty?five years. It firstly presents an historical context by reviewing four basic emphases in educational psychology; cognitive psychology, behavioural psychology, social cognitive theory and humanism. The article then reviews the growth in cognitive psychology research by briefly examining developments arising from Piagetian, Vygotskian and information processing

Dennis M McInerney

2005-01-01

9

Darwinian Theory, Functionalism, and the First American Psychological Revolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American functionalist psychology constituted an effort to model scientific psychology on the successes of English evolutionary theory. In part it was a response to the stagnation of Wundt's psychological research program, which had been grounded in German experimental physiology. In part it was an attempt to make psychology more appealing within…

Green, Christopher D.

2009-01-01

10

Goals in a Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology  

E-print Network

Goals in a Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology Jerry R. HOBBS and Andrew GORDON University of commonsense psychology, or how peole think they think, we have developed a formal theory of goals. In it we, intactness, and importance. Keywords. Goals, commonsense psychology, commonsense reasoning, intention

Hobbs, Jerry R.

11

From Theory of Work Adjustment to Person-Environment Correspondence Counseling: Vocational Psychology as Positive Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that vocational psychology is, and has been, positive psychology. It provides an overview of the theory of work adjustment (TWA), one of the most robust and best validated theories in vocational psychology. It also provides an introduction to person-environment-correspondence (PEC) counseling, an extension of the TWA concepts…

Eggerth, Donald E.

2008-01-01

12

History & Theory of Psychology Eprint Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This eprint server is "offered as a free service to the community of scholarly historians and theoreticians of psychology with the goal of promoting the rapid dissemination of new work in the field." Christopher D. Green of the History & Theory of Psychology Program at York University (Toronto, Canada), maintains HTP Prints with support from York's Arts Technology Support Group, and the papers here are both preprints and final versions. Users can browse or search the archive and also sign up to receive updates when new papers are added. While there are a large number of subjects (in the browseable tree) that have no papers at this time, HTP Prints is only a few months old, and over time it will undoubtedly grow.

2001-01-01

13

The Place and Promise of Theory in Rehabilitation Psychology  

PubMed Central

Objective Although rehabilitation psychology is more focused on empirical evidence and clinical application than theory development, we argue for the primacy of theory, and explain why theories are needed in and useful for rehabilitation psychology. Impediments to theory development are discussed, including the difficulties of applying psychological theories in multidisciplinary enterprises, and the difficulties in developing a theory-driven research program. We offer suggestions by reviewing research settings, knowledge gained through controlled studies, grantsmanship, and then identify topical areas where new theories are needed. We remind researcher-practitioners that rehabilitation psychology benefits from a judicious mix of scientific rigor and real-world vigor. Conclusions We close by advocating for theory-driven research programs that embrace a methodological pluralism, which will in turn advance new theory, produce meaningful research programs that inform practice, and realize the goals of this special issue of Rehabilitation Psychology—advances in research and methodology. PMID:19649146

Dunn, Dana S.; Elliott, Timothy R.

2008-01-01

14

PSYCHOLOGY 407: ATTACHMENT THEORY AND RELATIONSHIPS Spring 2014  

E-print Network

will be introduced. In addition attachment and romantic and marital relationships1 PSYCHOLOGY 407: ATTACHMENT THEORY AND RELATIONSHIPS Spring 2014 Mondays, 12 relationships, personality processes, and emotional dynamics. The theory has gained

Lockery, Shawn

15

Great Ideas in Personality: Psychology Theory and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by G. Scott Acton, a PhD in psychology from Northwestern University, this site functions as a gateway to materials relating to personality theory. The Website offers introductory, often hypertext essays on various topics in personality theory followed by an annotated listing of relevant links. Some of the topics covered include attachment theory, basic emotions, behavior genetics, behaviorism, cognitive social theory, evolutionary psychology, the five-factor model, intelligence, interpersonal theory, personality disorders, psychoanalysis, and others. There are also sections specifically geared for students and professionals as well as listings of links to papers, Websites, readings, and scholars available on the Web.

1997-01-01

16

Social Action Theory for a Public Health Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many illnesses can be prevented or limited by altering personal behavior, and public health planners have turned to psychology for guidance in fostering self-protective activity. A social theory of personal action provides an integrative framework for applying psychology to public health, disclosing gaps in our current understanding of self-regulation, and generating guidelines for improving health promotion at the population level.

Craig K. Ewart

1991-01-01

17

Evolution, Psychology, and a Conflict Theory of Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops an evolutionary theory of conflict over the construction of culture that is informed by current knowledge of psychological mechanisms. Psychological mechanisms important for the production of culture include (1) general intelligence (including the ability to engender hypothetical scenarios and means-end reasoning necessary for constructing tools and other exemplars of technology); (2) explicit processing mechanisms (e.g., symbolic representations

Kevin MacDonald

18

The Meaning of Difference: Gender Theory, Postmodernism, and Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two recent postmodern movements, constructivism and deconstruction, challenge the idea of a single meaning of reality and suggest that meanings result from social experience. We show how these postmodern approaches can be applied to the psychology of gender. Examining gender theories from a constructivist standpoint, we note that the primary meaning of gender in psychology has been difference. The exaggeration

Rachel T. Hare-Mustin; Jeanne Marecek

1988-01-01

19

Construal-Level Theory of Psychological Distance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

People are capable of thinking about the future, the past, remote locations, another person's perspective, and counterfactual alternatives. Without denying the uniqueness of each process, it is proposed that they constitute different forms of traversing psychological distance. Psychological distance is egocentric: Its reference point is the self…

Trope, Yaacov; Liberman, Nira

2010-01-01

20

Construal-Level Theory of Psychological Distance  

Microsoft Academic Search

People are capable of thinking about the future, the past, remote locations, another person's perspective, and counterfactual alternatives. Without denying the uniqueness of each process, it is proposed that they constitute different forms of traversing psychological distance. Psychological distance is egocentric: Its reference point is the self in the here and now, and the different ways in which an object

Yaacov Trope; Nira Liberman

2010-01-01

21

HANDBOOK OF MENTAL DEFICIENCY, PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY AND RESEARCH. MCGRAW-HILL SERIES IN PSYCHOLOGY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF 21 AUTHORS IN THIS VOLUME ARE DEVOTED TO ASSESSING THE STATUS OF RESEARCH AND THEORY IN MENTAL DEFICIENCY, FOCUSING ATTENTION ON THE BEHAVIOR OF THE MENTALLY HANDICAPPED. PART ONE IS CONCERNED WITH RESEARCH FINDINGS AND THEORIES TO EXPLAIN MENTAL DEFICIENCY. COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES REPRESENTED INCLUDE FIELD…

ELLIS, NORMAN R.

22

The role of competence theories in cognitive psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses several common misunderstandings regarding theories of competence. Such theories are characterized as being concerned with the epistemological side of cognitive psychology and as being based primarily on evidence of a special kind: intuitions of competent performers. The nature of such evidence is examined in relation to the question of objectivity. The position that competence may be described

Zenon W. Pylyshyn

1973-01-01

23

The Myth of Cognitive Consistency: Psychological Theories and Intimate Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Several psychological theories are viable when examining the victims of intimate violence, specifically battered women. Although cognitive consistency models view individuals as striving toward balanced cognitive states, battered women can exist with the cognitive inconsistency of being harmed by men who love them. The theory of cognitive arousal…

Horowitz, Sandra V.

24

Shopping around for Theories for Counseling Psychology Practice: Reaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three psychotherapy theories are summarized and critiqued for their applicability to counseling psychology. The lack of attention to psychodynamic and experiential theories in the special section and the lack of theorizing by counseling psychologists in general are lamented. A plea is made for encouraging counseling psychologists to construct more…

Hill, Clara E.

2012-01-01

25

Cognitive Psychology and Audience-Oriented Dramatic Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cognitive psychology's most useful contribution to dramatic theory is the concept of schemata, or the mental structures that make up part of the perceptual cycle. In regard to an audience-oriented dramatic theory, this suggests that analysis of a script ought to identify the sorts of schemata that are to be aroused in the audience's minds and the…

Bratt, David

26

Buddhism, Psychology, and Addiction Theory in Psychotherapy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Buddhism and Psychology are great disciplines, which have concerned themselves with the highest development of human potential and the alleviation of suffering. This chapter has attempted to look at some of the contrasts and commonalities from the perspective of the issues of self-controland addiction. Drug and alcohol addiction continues to ravage our communities, particularly those that are most vulnerable. Research

G. Rita Dudley-Grant

27

Prospect theory or construal level theory? Diminishing sensitivity vs. psychological distance in risky decisions.  

PubMed

Attitudes toward risks are central to organizational decisions. These attitudes are commonly modeled by prospect theory. Construal level theory has been proposed as an alternative theory of risky choice, accounting for psychological distance deriving from temporal, spatial and social aspects of risk that are typical of agency situations. Unnoticed in the literature, the two theories make contradicting predictions. The current study investigates which theory provides a better description of risky decisions in the presence of temporal, spatial, and social factors. We find that the psychophysical effects modeled by prospect theory dominate the psychological distance effects of construal level theory. PMID:22011526

Trautmann, Stefan T; van de Kuilen, Gijs

2012-01-01

28

Deontic reasoning reviewed: psychological questions, empirical findings, and current theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deontic reasoning is concerned with questions of whether actions are forbidden or allowed, obligatory or not obligatory. This\\u000a article reviews empirical findings and psychological theories on deontic reasoning with regard to three questions that have\\u000a guided psychological research during the last decades: How do people’s deontic capabilities develop? How well do people perform\\u000a in deontic reasoning tasks? And how do

Sieghard Beller

2010-01-01

29

LIFESPAN PSYCHOLOGY: Theory and Application to Intellectual Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this review is on theory and research of lifespan (lifespan developmental) psychology. The theoretical analysis integrates evolutionary and ontogenetic perspectives on cultural and human development across several levels of analysis. Specific predictions are advanced dealing with the general architecture of lifespan ontogeny, including its directionality and age-differential allocation of developmental resources into the three major goals of

Paul B. Baltes; Ursula M. Staudinger; Ulman Lindenberger

1999-01-01

30

A Hyper-Emotion Theory of Psychological Illnesses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A hyper-emotion theory of psychological illnesses is presented. It postulates that these illnesses have an onset in which a cognitive evaluation initiates a sequence of unconscious transitions yielding a basic emotion. This emotion is appropriate for the situation but inappropriate in its intensity. Whenever it recurs, it leads individuals to a…

Johnson-Laird, P. N.; Mancini, Francesco; Gangemi, Amelia

2006-01-01

31

Relational Frame Theory and Industrial/Organizational Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current paper argues that a Relational Frame Theory account of complex human behavior including an analysis of relational frames, relational networks, rules and the concept of self can provide a potentially powerful new perspective on phenomena in the applied science of industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology. In this article, we first…

Stewart, Ian; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Bond, Frank W.; Hayes, Steven C.

2006-01-01

32

Sketch of J. R. Kantor's Psychological Interbehavioral Field Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We provide a sketch of J. R. Kantor's (1959, 1971) psychological interbehavioral field (IBF) theory by identifying 9 essential points and briefly discussing each. The main emphasis of this sketch is on the foundation of Kantor's thinking, the IBF. Suggestions for further study are provided.

Delprato, Dennis J.; Smith, Noel W.

2009-01-01

33

Integrating Social Class into Vocational Psychology: Theory and Practice Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although social class plays a salient and significant role in career development and occupational attainment, social class is underrepresented in vocational psychology theory, scholarship, and practice. Vocational psychologists are in a unique position to meet the career development needs of persons from all social classes by integrating a fuller…

Diemer, Matthew A.; Ali, Saba Rasheed

2009-01-01

34

Mothering as a Psychological Experience: A Grounded Theory Exploration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Used grounded theory to investigate women's experience of mothering. Conducted unstructured interviews with 11 mothers who had one or more children under 12 years old. Results focus on the psychological experience of mothering by considering the challenges and opportunities that childbirth and child rearing offer. Implications for marital…

Barlow, Constance A.; Cairns, Kathleen V.

1997-01-01

35

Constructivism, the so-called semantic learning theories, and situated cognition versus the psychological learning theories.  

PubMed

In this paper, the perspective of situated cognition, which gave rise both to the pragmatic theories and the so-called semantic theories of learning and has probably become the most representative standpoint of constructivism, is examined. We consider the claim of situated cognition to provide alternative explanations of the learning phenomenon to those of psychology and, especially, to those of the symbolic perspective, currently predominant in cognitive psychology. The level of analysis of situated cognition (i.e., global interactive systems) is considered an inappropriate approach to the problem of learning. From our analysis, it is concluded that the pragmatic theories and the so-called semantic theories of learning which originated in situated cognition can hardly be considered alternatives to the psychological learning theories, and they are unlikely to add anything of interest to the learning theory or to contribute to the improvement of our knowledge about the learning phenomenon. PMID:16255385

Aparicio, Juan José; Rodríguez Moneo, María

2005-11-01

36

Catastrophe theory applications in clinical psychology: A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

Catastrophe theory is a new mathematical science that permits some insight into the way in which sudden changes or discontinuities\\u000a of behavior may occur even though the underlying causative forces are essentially continuous. This article aims to present\\u000a a nonmathematician’s view of catastrophe applications in clinical psychology. Areas covered include anorexia nervosa, binge\\u000a eating and drinking, affective disorders, schizophrenia, aggressiveness,

Derek W. Scott

1985-01-01

37

Feminist theory and evolutionary psychology explored through social psychological and psychoanalytic frameworks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This presentation is part of the Gender in Evolutionary Psychology track.\\u000aMany feminist philosophers of science have critiqued traditional scientific method, arguing that scientific method essentializes the subject and neglects to consider the cultural factors that may be at play in describing gender, racial and cultural differences in intelligence, mating strategies and other contentious issues. By extension, evolutionary theory, particularly

Laura Rooney

2010-01-01

38

Authoritarianism, Critical Theory, and Political Psychology: Past, Present, Future  

E-print Network

and relational concepts and theories. In the case of authoritarian anti-Semitism, the substantivist reading would stop at the lack of visible references to "the Jew" as a refutation of the theory in toto. "In short," said Bourdieu, "one must be careful...'s conceptualization of the anti-Semite. Levinson hinted to this early on when he said "what people say against Jews depends more upon their own psychology that upon the actual characteristics of Jews" (1950, p. 57). Sartre famously maintained that anti-Semitism had...

Worrell, Mark P.

1998-04-01

39

Educational Psychology--Theory, Research, and Teaching: A 25-Year Retrospective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a brief overview of developments in educational psychology over the last twenty-five years. It firstly presents an historical context by reviewing four basic emphases in educational psychology; cognitive psychology, behavioural psychology, social cognitive theory and humanism. The article then reviews the growth in cognitive…

McInerney, Dennis M.

2005-01-01

40

Cognitive\\/information processing psychology and instruction: Reviewing recent theory and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

With increasing frequency, constructs developed within the field of cognitive\\/information processing psychology are being employed in the development of instructional theory. This article attempts to organize a broad range of developments in instructional psychology which have this common origin. Particular emphasis is placed on the applicability of constructs such as data structures and procedures. Recent developments in instructional psychology are

John P. Gallagher

1979-01-01

41

UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu A Mathematical Theory for Texture, Texton, Primal Sketch  

E-print Network

UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu A Mathematical Theory for Texture, Texton, Primal Sketch Angeles Joint work with Y.Wu, C.Guo and D. Mumford, 1995-2003 UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu Julesz visual perception?" ---1960s #12;UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu Psychophysics Experiments Texture

Zhu, Song Chun

42

Chaper: A model for mind relations -An application of knot theory to psychology  

E-print Network

] and the topological psychology by K. Lewin [11] which is an application of topological space are respectively pointedChaper: A model for mind relations - An application of knot theory to psychology Akio KAWAUCHI, Personality, Human mind, Psychology, Knot, Link, Self-releasability relation 1. Introduction The purpose

Kawauchi, Akio

43

Do Basic Psychological Needs Moderate Relationships Within the Theory of Planned Behavior?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of basic psychological need satisfaction from the self-determination theory on relationships within the theory of planned behavior (TPB) were examined in a prospective study. It was hypothesized that need satisfaction would moderate the relationship between intention and behavior and between intention and its proximal determinants. Participants (n = 250) completed measures of the TPB and psychological need satisfaction

Jemma Harris; Martin S. Hagger

2007-01-01

44

Field Theory in Organizational Psychology: An Analysis of Theoretical Approaches in Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This literature review examines Kurt Lewin's influence in leadership psychology. Characteristics of field theory are described in detail and utilized in analyzing leadership research, including the trait approach, leader behavior studies, contingency theory, path-goal theory, and leader decision theory. Important trends in leadership research are…

Garcia, Joseph E.

45

Control theory: A useful conceptual framework for personality–social, clinical, and health psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Contends that control theory provides a model of self-regulation that is useful in the analysis of human behavior. As an illustration of the breadth of its applicability, the basic construct of control theory––the discrepancy-reducing feedback loop––is presented, and certain implications for theory in 3 areas of human psychology are discussed. In personality-social, clinical, and health psychology, the construct proves to

Charles S. Carver; Michael F. Scheier

1982-01-01

46

Social psychological origins of conspiracy theories: the case of the jewish conspiracy theory in malaysia.  

PubMed

Two studies examined correlates of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory among Malays in Malaysia, a culture in which state-directed conspiracism as a means of dealing with perceived external and internal threats is widespread. In Study 1, 368 participants from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed a novel measure of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation, and anomie. Initial analysis showed that the novel scale factorially reduced to a single dimension. Further analysis showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was only significantly associated with general conspiracist ideation, but the strength of the association was weak. In Study 2, 314 participants completed the measure of belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation, and ideological attitudes. Results showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was associated with anti-Israeli attitudes, modern racism directed at the Chinese, right-wing authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation. General conspiracist ideation did not emerge as a significant predictor once other variables had been accounted for. These results suggest that there may be specific cultural and social psychological forces that drive belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory within the Malaysian context. Specifically, belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory among Malaysian Malays appears to serve ideological needs and as a mask for anti-Chinese sentiment, which may in turn reaffirm their perceived ability to shape socio-political processes. PMID:22888323

Swami, Viren

2012-01-01

47

The Unbearable Dynamicity of Psychological Processes: Highlights of the Psychodynamic Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term dynamic generally refers to the psychology grounded on and informed by psychoanalysis—even if dynamic perspectives do not necessarily\\u000a coincide with it. It is well known that in Freudian theory, the dynamic level of analysis is that focused on conflicts and\\u000a their role in shaping psychological facts. Yet contemporary psychoanalytically oriented psychology gives a broader meaning\\u000a to the label,

Rosapia Lauro-Grotto; Sergio Salvatore; Alessandro Gennaro; Omar Gelo

48

Unifying psychology requires new infrastructure, theory, method, and a research agenda  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conduct of a long-term research program with a focus on constructing an overarching, unified theory of psychology revealed characteristics of psychology as a science that (a) encourage disunity of its endeavors and (b) impede attaining the unification and consequent power attained by older natural sciences. Considered a \\

Arthur W. Staats

1999-01-01

49

Why Community Works: The Use of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology as a Foundational Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler should be used as a foundational theory for student affairs work. The success of community building programs is explained and the concepts of Individual Psychology are summarized. Also asserts that the current drive to develop programs to develop community on college campuses is firmly rooted…

Glenn, Robert K.; Keith, Edwin M.

2002-01-01

50

journal of mathematical psychology 40, 109 129 (1996) A Theory of Ratio Magnitude Estimation*  

E-print Network

journal of mathematical psychology 40, 109 129 (1996) A Theory of Ratio Magnitude Estimation* Louis General Stevens' (1946, 1951) method of magnitude estimation is still widely used and highly controversial presented here. In psychology, Shepard (1978, 1981), Krantz (1972), Marley (1972), and Luce (1990) have

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

51

Positive Psychology Theory, Research, and Practice: A Primer for Rehabilitation Counseling Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positive psychology is a scientific study that explores what makes life most worth living and applies psychological theory to understand the human strengths that are important for enhancing overall well-being and happiness. The rehabilitation counseling philosophy shares a similar emphasis on personal strengths and the importance of enhancing what…

Chou, Chih-Chin; Chan, Fong; Chan, Jacob Yui Chung; Phillips, Brian; Ditchman, Nicole; Kaseroff, Ashley

2013-01-01

52

Applying Theories of Development: An Exercise for Teaching Adolescent Psychology. Faculty Forum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of the film "Breakfast Club," in a college adolescent psychology course. Relates how students study and discuss theories of moral reasoning and psychological development prior to viewing the film. Provides an opportunity for students to integrate course content while enjoying the learning process. (CFR)

Desforges, Donna M.

1994-01-01

53

Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 129-136. 2011 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.  

E-print Network

Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 129-136. © 2011 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences. The Art and Science of Foam Bubbles R. P. Taylor 1 of Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences. Denis Weaire, Stefan Hutzler, Wiebke Drenckhan form

Taylor, Richard

54

Grounded Theory-Based Research within Exercise Psychology: A Critical Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article critically reviews the current body of grounded theory research within exercise psychology. Previous evidence has questioned the quality of grounded theory research within this academic domain. Guidelines for assessing grounded theory research are presented based on the common defining characteristics of the methodology and other published recommendations for assessing qualitative research. The review identified 21 articles that report

Andrew J. Hutchison; Lynne Johnston; Jeff Breckon

2011-01-01

55

Psychological Tensions Found in Suicide Notes: A Test for the Strain Theory of Suicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a comprehensive and parsimonious theory explaining the socio-psychological mechanism prior to suicidal behavior, strain theory of suicide postulates that conflicting and competing pressures in an individual's life usually precede a suicide. The theory proposes four sources of strain leading to suicide: (1) value strain from conflicting values, (2) aspiration strain from the discrepancy between aspiration and reality, (3) deprivation

Jie Zhang; David Lester

2008-01-01

56

An evaluation of the prescriptive utility of psychological bias theory in international relations  

E-print Network

I evaluate the practical utility of psychological bias theory by examining two historical cases - the US decision to cross the 38th parallel in 1950 and the British policy of appeasement towards Germany in the 1930s - ...

Leung, Wilson (Wilson Wan Shun)

2005-01-01

57

Buddhist psychology: A review of theory and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper gives an account of some of the major aspects of Buddhist psychology. The survey is confined to the texts of Early,\\u000a or Theravada, Buddhism — that is, the canonical texts and their early Pali commentaries and related expository texts. The\\u000a importance of psychological concepts in the philosophy and practice of Buddhism is highlighted. The problems inherent in the

Padmal de Silva

1990-01-01

58

Quantum theory as a tool for the description of simple psychological phenomena  

E-print Network

We propose the consistent statistical approach for the quantitative description of simple psychological phenomena using the methods of quantum theory of open systems (QTOS). Taking as the starting point the K. Lewin's psychological field theory we show that basic concepts of this theory can be naturally represented in the language of QTOS. In particular provided that all stimuli acting on psychological system (that is individual or group of interest) are known one can associate with these stimuli corresponding operators and after that to write down the equation for evolution of density matrix of the relevant open system which allows one to find probabilities of all possible behavior alternatives. Using the method proposed we consider in detail simple model describing such interesting psychological phenomena as cognitive dissonance and the impact of competition among group members on its unity.

E. D. Vol

2011-09-14

59

Quantum theory as a tool for the description of simple psychological phenomena  

E-print Network

We propose the consistent statistical approach for the quantitative description of simple psychological phenomena using the methods of quantum theory of open systems (QTOS). Taking as the starting point the K. Lewin's psychological field theory we show that basic concepts of this theory can be naturally represented in the language of QTOS. In particular provided that all stimuli acting on psychological system (that is individual or group of interest) are known one can associate with these stimuli corresponding operators and after that to write down the equation for evolution of density matrix of the relevant open system which allows one to find probabilities of all possible behavior alternatives. Using the method proposed we consider in detail simple model describing such interesting psychological phenomena as cognitive dissonance and the impact of competition among group members on its unity.

Vol, E D

2011-01-01

60

Assessing Psychological Theories of Causal Meaning and Inference  

Microsoft Academic Search

We focused on three theories of causal meaning: mental model, force dynamics, and causal model theory. These theories differ in the ascribed meaning of causal verbs like cause, enable, allow, and prevent, and also differ in the mechanisms they propose for causal inference. In Experiment 1, we tested their mechanism for causal inference. As predicted by causal model theory, given

Sergio E. Chaigneau; Aron K. Barbey

61

Post Keynesian consumer theory: Potential synergies with consumer research and economic psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper argues that Post Keynesian consumer theory offers an interesting experimental research agenda to those studying psychological economics and consumer research. Post Keynesian consumer choice relies on six principles: procedural rationality, satiable needs, the separability of needs, the hierarchy of needs, the growth of needs, and the principle of non-independence. This consumer theory does not rely on the Archimedes

Marc Lavoie

2004-01-01

62

The practicality of using social psychological theories for exercise and health research and intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the article is to emphasize why social-psychological be practical for both theory and practice. As investigators attempt to which theories are most parsimonious, there is often encouragement to pit against each other rather than also examining their similarities and their mentary nature. The former strategy may lead to fragmentation of illustrate the benefit of the latter strategy,

L. R. Brawley

1993-01-01

63

An Educational Psychology Success Story: Social Interdependence Theory and Cooperative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The widespread and increasing use of cooperative learning is one of the great success stories of social and educational psychology. Its success largely rests on the relationships among theory, research, and practice. Social interdependence theory provides a foundation on which cooperative learning is built. More than 1,200 research studies have…

Johnson, David W.; Johnson, Roger T.

2009-01-01

64

Hispanic Psychology: Critical Issues in Theory and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides students, researchers, and practitioners with access to major theoretical and empirical issues in the field of Hispanic psychology. The book is divided into six parts: acculturation and adaptation, ethnic identity and behavior, clinical research and services, health and AIDS research, gender studies research, and education and…

Padilla, Amado M., Ed.

65

Uncommon sports psychology: Consultation using family therapy theory and techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coaches and athletes utilize sports psychology as a part of training and preparation for competition. A linear, individualistic epistemology is generally subscribed to by sports psychologists. Marriage and family therapists, with their systems epistemology, can apply their training to working with athletic teams. This article revisits an innovative approach to working with athletic teams from a systems perspective. It presents

Toni Schindler Zimmerman; Howard Protinsky

1993-01-01

66

Theory, Not Cultural Context, Will Advance American Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comments on an article by J. J. Arnett regarding the assertion that American psychology focuses too narrowly on Americans while neglecting the other 95% of the world's population. The authors agree with Arnett's call for greater attention to this issue. However, they fundamentally disagree with his position on issues related to generalizability…

Haeffel, Gerald J.; Thiessen, Erik D.; Campbell, Matthew W.; Kaschak, Michael P.; McNeil, Nicole M.

2009-01-01

67

Toward a psychological theory of multidimensional activation (arousal)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The traditional physiologically defined activation or arousal continuum, which ranges from intense emotion and vigorous activity on one extreme to calmness and sleep on the other, is rejected in favor of a psychological model with two activation dimensions and a single continuum of energy expenditure. One activation dimension ranges from subjectively defined feelings of energy and vigor to the opposite

Robert E. Thayer

1978-01-01

68

Self-determination Theory and the psychology of exercise  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the Self-determination Theory is to explain motivation and behaviour based on individual differences in motivational orientations, contextual influences, and interpersonal perceptions. The theory has shown utility in explaining the antecedents and processes that underpin exercise behaviour. This review will provide an overview of the theory and its application in explaining health-related exercise motivation, behaviour, and outcomes. Recent

Martin Hagger; Nikos Chatzisarantis

2008-01-01

69

I\\/O Psychology and the Bridging Potential of A. N. Leont'ev's Activity Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Soviet activity theory, largely developed by A. N. Leont'ev, can be seen as a European complement of American I\\/O psychology and an important current of action theories in general. This paper identifies the major strength of Leont'ev's theory as the bridging potential it achieves by situating activity between each of several major pairs of opposite poles: mind and matter or

MARTIN E. MORF; WOLFGANG G. WEBER

2000-01-01

70

Advancing mental toughness research and theory using personal construct psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review is designed to advance current conceptualizations of mental toughness in sport as well as identify avenues for future research by offering a fresh perspective using Kelly's (1955\\/1991) personal construct psychology (PCP). After reviewing sport-general and sport-specific research contributing to current perspectives on mental toughness, we highlight the need for theoretically driven research in the area. Following this, we

Daniel F. Gucciardi; Sandy Gordon; James A. Dimmock

2009-01-01

71

Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol.8, No.1, January, 2004. 2004 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences  

E-print Network

Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol.8, No.1, January, 2004. © 2004 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences Book Review Chaos and Time-Series Analysis. By Julien Clinton for representation in state space. The chapter finishes with an explanation of the various numerical methods

Sprott, Julien Clinton

72

Capable of Suicide: A Functional Model of the Acquired Capability Component of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A functional model of the acquired capability for suicide, a component of Joiner's (2005) Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide, is presented. A component of Joiner's (2005) Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide a functional model of the acquired capability for suicide is presented. The model integrates the points discussed by…

Smith, Phillip N.; Cukrowicz, Kelly C.

2010-01-01

73

Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: Identifying factors predictive of managing upper respiratory tract infections without antibiotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Psychological models can be used to understand and predict behaviour in a wide range of settings. However, they have not been consistently applied to health professional behaviours, and the contribution of differing theories is not clear. The aim of this study was to explore the usefulness of a range of psychological theories to predict health professional behaviour relating to

Martin P Eccles; Jeremy M Grimshaw; Marie Johnston; Nick Steen; Nigel B Pitts; Ruth Thomas; Elizabeth Glidewell; Graeme Maclennan; Debbie Bonetti; Anne Walker

2007-01-01

74

Preventive health psychology from a developmental perspective: An extension of protection motivation theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theories of health psychology developed to explain adults' rational decision making were applied to 10-year-old children (n = 112), who had not reached the stage of formal operational thought; 15-year-olds (n = 67); and 20-year-olds (n = 93), extending the protection motivation theory developed by R. W. Rogers (1983). Among the adolescents and young adults, the threat appeals worked only

James W. Sturges; Ronald W. Rogers

1996-01-01

75

What would Karl Popper say? Are current psychological theories of ADHD falsifiable?  

PubMed Central

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common and highly heritable neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorder. Here, we critically review four major psychological theories of ADHD – the Executive Dysfunction, the State Regulation, the Delay Aversion and the Dynamic Developmental – on their abilities to explain all the symptoms of ADHD, their testability and their openness to falsification. We conclude that theoreticians should focus, to a greater extent than currently practiced, on developing refutable theories of ADHD. PMID:19257888

Johnson, Katherine A; Wiersema, Jan R; Kuntsi, Jonna

2009-01-01

76

Theory and Method in Life-Span Development Psychology Implications for Child Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper elucidates the implications of life-span developmental psychology for theory and method in the field of child development. Emphasis is given to three theoretical issues: (1) historical-evolutionary versus ontogenetic components of change, (2) the role of chronological age, and (3) continuity versus discontinuity in the description and…

Stein, Aletha H.; Baltes, Paul B.

77

Agent-Based Modeling: A New Approach for Theory Building in Social Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most social and psychological phenomena occur not as the result of isolated decisions by individuals but rather as the result of repeated interactions between multiple individuals over time. Yet the theory-building and mod- eling techniques most commonly used in social psychol- ogy are less than ideal for understanding such dynamic and interactive processes. This article describes an alter- native approach

Eliot R. Smith; Frederica R. Conrey

2007-01-01

78

The Concept of Energy in Psychological Theory. Cognitive Science Program, Technical Report No. 86-2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a basic framework for integration of computational and energetic concepts in psychological theory. The framework is adapted from a general effort to understand the neural systems underlying cognition. The element of the cognitive system that provides the best basis for attempting to relate energetic and computational ideas is…

Posner, Michael I.; Rothbart, Mary Klevjord

79

Evolutionary psychology and rational-emotive theory: Time to open the floodgates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Main tenets, issues, and controversies for evolutionary psychology (EP), particularly its cognitive aspects, are introduced, clarified, and applied to the theory and philosophy of rational-emotive therapy (RET). Specifically, key concepts in EP are applied to Ellis' genetic postulate for cognitive demandingness and grandiosity, and are incorporated into Ruth's (1992) RET evolutionary proposal. The following issues are examined for demanding and

William J. Ruth

1993-01-01

80

Difficulties implementing a mental health guideline: an exploratory investigation using psychological theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Evaluations of interventions to improve implementation of guidelines have failed to produce a clear pattern of results favouring a particular method. While implementation depends on clinicians and managers changing a variety of behaviours, psychological theories of behaviour and behaviour change are seldom used to try to understand difficulties in implementation or to develop interventions to overcome them. OBJECTIVES: This

Susan Michie; Stephen Pilling; Philippa Garety; Paula Whitty; Martin P Eccles; Marie Johnston; Jemma Simmons

2007-01-01

81

On the making of a scientist-practioner: A theory of research training in professional psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article offers a revised and updated theory of the research training environment (RTE) in graduate education in professional psychology. Ingredients of the RTE that are theorized to enhance students' research attitudes and eventual productivity are proposed. Six primary ingredients have been supported by research as \\

Charles J. Gelso

1993-01-01

82

Integrating Social Class Into Vocational PsychologyTheory and Practice Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although social class plays a salient and significant role in career development and occupational attainment, social class is underrepresented in vocational psychology theory, scholarship, and practice. Vocational psychologists are in a unique position to meet the career development needs of persons from all social classes by integrating a fuller understanding of social class into their scholarship and practice. This article

Matthew A. Diemer; Saba Rasheed Ali

2009-01-01

83

Latent Semantic Analysis: A Theory of the Psychology of Language and Mind.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributes to communication theory and research by adding to a discussion of a computational model called latent semantic analysis (LSA). Argues that LSA does not handle all aspects of language processing, but offers a biologically and psychologically plausible mechanistic explanation of the acquisition, induction, and representation of verbal…

Landauer, Thomas K.

1999-01-01

84

Living Hand to Mouth: Psychological Theories about Speech and Gesture in Interactive Dialogue Systems  

E-print Network

Systems Justine Cassell Media Laboratory MIT E15­315 20 Ames Street, Cambridge MA justine@media­ tion of speech and gesture in conversation and describe some psychological theories put forth, to systems that can carry on a conversation with a human user)? First, it makes sense to go looking

Cassell, Justine

85

The Essential Role of Data in Psychological Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concurs with Hughes' target article that identification of empirically supported treatments (ESTs) is insufficient to help practitioners and researchers select effective interventions for children, and suggests it may be premature to adopt developmental psychopathology as a treatment model. Discusses differences in opinion on theory development in…

Martens, Brian K.; Eckert, Tanya L.

2000-01-01

86

The cultural lens approach to evaluating cultural validity of psychological theory.  

PubMed

In this article, we introduce the cultural lens approach (CLA), a novel approach to evaluating the extent to which a psychological theory applies across cultural groups. The CLA requires scholars to apply their accumulated knowledge about cultural influences and differences (e.g., independent and interdependent self-construals; Markus & Kitayama, 1991) to the ways in which theoretical propositions are interpreted and operationalized. First we highlight three limitations in existing approaches to cultural validity and the ways in which the CLA addresses these limitations. Next, we articulate the five steps involved in the CLA and apply it to three different theories from social, vocational, and positive psychology to demonstrate its broad utility. In all cases, we highlight how applying the CLA can generate multiple novel testable hypotheses to stimulate future research and to advance knowledge that is culturally sensitive. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:24841337

Hardin, Erin E; Robitschek, Christine; Flores, Lisa Y; Navarro, Rachel L; Ashton, Matthew W

2014-10-01

87

Theory underlying CRM training: Psychological issues in flight crew performance and crew coordination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What psychological theory and research can reveal about training in Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is summarized. A framework is provided for the critical analysis of current approaches to CRM training. Background factors and definitions critical to evaluating CRM are reviewed, followed by a discussion of issues directly related to CRM training effectiveness. Some of the things not known about the optimization of crew performance and the research needed to make these efforts as effective as possible are described.

Helmreich, Robert L.

1987-01-01

88

In: Biological Theory, 2007, 2 Why evolution has to matter to cognitive psychology and to philosophy of mind  

E-print Network

1 In: Biological Theory, 2007, 2 Why evolution has to matter to cognitive psychology in cognitive science, such as the development of mentalisation, the psychology of action and of reasoning, psycholinguistics, cognitive anthropology and A.I. Growing suspicions were raised however that an exclusively

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

89

Narcissism at the crossroads: Phenotypic description of pathological narcissism across clinical theory, social\\/personality psychology, and psychiatric diagnosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review documents two themes of emphasis found in phenotypic descriptions of pathological narcissism across clinical theory, social\\/personality psychology, and psychiatric diagnosis. Clinical theories of narcissism spanning 35 years consistently describe variations in the expression of pathological narcissism that emphasize either grandiosity or vulnerable affects and self-states. Recent research in social\\/personality psychology examining the structure of narcissistic personality traits consistently finds

Nicole M. Cain; Aaron L. Pincus; Emily B. Ansell

2008-01-01

90

Self-determination theory and diminished functioning: the role of interpersonal control and psychological need thwarting.  

PubMed

Drawing from self-determination theory, three studies explored the social-environmental conditions that satisfy versus thwart psychological needs and, in turn, affect psychological functioning and well-being or ill-being. In cross-sectional Studies 1 and 2, structural equation modeling analyses supported latent factor models in which need satisfaction was predicted by athletes' perceptions of autonomy support, and need thwarting was better predicted by coach control. Athletes' perceptions of need satisfaction predicted positive outcomes associated with sport participation (vitality and positive affect), whereas need thwarting more consistently predicted maladaptive outcomes (disordered eating, burnout, depression, negative affect, and physical symptoms). In addition, athletes' perceptions of psychological need thwarting were significantly associated with perturbed physiological arousal (elevated levels of secretory immunoglobulin A) prior to training. The final study involved the completion of a diary and supported the relations observed in the cross-sectional studies at a daily level. These findings have important implications for the operationalization and measurement of interpersonal styles and psychological needs. PMID:21700794

Bartholomew, Kimberley J; Ntoumanis, Nikos; Ryan, Richard M; Bosch, Jos A; Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Cecilie

2011-11-01

91

Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 387-395.1 2012 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.2  

E-print Network

for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.2 3 Spatiotemporal Chaos in Easter Island Ecology4 5 J. C proposed spatiotemporal8 model for the ecology of Easter Island admits periodic and chaotic attractors,9 that is ubiquitous in such12 systems.13 Key Words: chaos, Easter Island, ecology, population dynamics, Turing14

Sprott, Julien Clinton

92

What we should expect from theories in social psychology: truth, abstraction, progress, and applicability as standards (TAPAS).  

PubMed

The construction and development of theory is one of the central routes to scientific progress. But what exactly constitutes a good theory? What is it that people might expect from an ideal theory? This article advances a new model, which delineates truth, abstraction, progress, and applicability as standards (TAPAS) for a good theory. After providing the rationale for TAPAS, this article evaluates several social-psychological theories in terms of TAPAS, especially classic theories, and illustrates its utility with some more recent theoretical contributions of social psychology. This article concludes by outlining recommendations for effective theory construction and development, such as the utility of meta-analytic approaches for pursuing truth, the utility of theory-oriented courses and journals for pursuing abstraction, and the utility of adversarial collaboration for pursuing progress, and reaching out to major personal or societal issues for pursuing applicability. PMID:22854861

Van Lange, Paul A M

2013-02-01

93

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-print Network

and the world: Developmental Psychology, Social Psy- chology, Cognitive Psychology, Theories of PersonalityPSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University

Sanders, Matthew

94

Suicidal Desire and the Capability for Suicide: Tests of the Interpersonal–Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior Among Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

The interpersonal–psychological theory of suicidal behavior (T. E. Joiner, 2005) proposes that an individual will not die by suicide unless he or she has both the desire to die by suicide and the ability to do so. Three studies test the theory's hypotheses. In Study 1, the interaction of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness predicted current suicidal ideation. In Study

Kimberly A. Van Orden; Tracy K. Witte; Kathryn H. Gordon; Theodore W. Bender; Thomas E. Joiner

2008-01-01

95

Use of Theory-Driven Research in Counseling: Investigating Three Counseling Psychology Journals from 1990 to 1999  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three major journals in counseling psychology were sampled from 1990 to 1999 to assess the percentage of quantitative, empirical articles that were theory driven. Only 43% of the studies utilized a theory or model, and 57% predicted the relation between the variables, with few studies specifying the strength of the relation. Studies sampled in the…

Karr, Carolyn A.; Larson, Lisa M.

2005-01-01

96

Big Data, Socio-Psychological Theory, Algorithmic Text Analysis and Predicting the Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index  

E-print Network

We describe an exercise of using Big Data to predict the Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index, a widely used indicator of the state of confidence in the US economy. We carry out the exercise from a pure ex ante perspective. We use the methodology of algorithmic text analysis of an archive of brokers' reports over the period June 2010 through June 2013. The search is directed by the social-psychological theory of agent behaviour, namely conviction narrative theory. We compare one month ahead forecasts generated this way over a 15 month period with the forecasts reported for the consensus predictions of Wall Street economists. The former give much more accurate predictions, getting the direction of change correct on 12 of the 15 occasions compared to only 7 for the consensus predictions. We show that the approach retains significant predictive power even over a four month ahead horizon.

Nyman, Rickard

2014-01-01

97

JOURNAL OF SOCIAL AND CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY—INFORMATION FOR AUTHORS The Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology is devoted to the application of theory and research from  

E-print Network

social psychology toward the better understanding of human adaptation and adjustment, including both the alleviation of psychological problems and distress (e.g., psychopathology) and the enhancement of psychological well-being among the psychologically healthy. Topics of interest include (but are not limited to) traditionally defined psychopathology (e.g., depression), common emotional and behavioral problems in living (e.g., conflicts in close relationships), the enhancement of subjective well-being, and the processes of psychological change in everyday life (e.g., self-regulation) and professional settings (e.g., psychotherapy and counseling). Articles reporting the results of theory-driven empirical research are given priority, but theoretical articles, review articles, clinical case studies, and essays on professional issues are also welcome. Articles describing the development of new scales (personality or otherwise) or the revision of existing scales are not appropriate for this journal. All submissions must be made electronically (preferably in Microsoft Word format) to Thomas E. Joiner at

unknown authors

98

Psyche=singularity: A comparison of Carl Jung's transpersonal psychology and Leonard Susskind's holographic string theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this dissertation I discern what Carl Jung calls the mandala image of the ultimate archetype of unity underlying and structuring cosmos and psyche by pointing out parallels between his transpersonal psychology and Stanford physicist Leonard Susskind's string theory. Despite his atheistic, materialistically reductionist interpretation of it, I demonstrate how Susskind's string theory of holographic information conservation at the event horizons of black holes, and the cosmic horizon of the universe, corroborates the following four topics about which Jung wrote: (1) his near-death experience of the cosmic horizon after a heart attack in 1944; ( 2) his equation relating psychic energy to mass, "Psyche=highest intensity in the smallest space" (1997, 162), which I translate into the equation, Psyche=Singularity; (3) his theory that the mandala, a circle or sphere with a central point, is the symbolic image of the ultimate archetype of unity through the union of opposites, which structures both cosmos and psyche, and which rises spontaneously from the collective unconscious to compensate a conscious mind torn by irreconcilable demands (1989, 334-335, 396-397); and (4) his theory of synchronicity. I argue that Susskind's inside-out black hole model of our Big Bang universe forms a geometrically perfect mandala: a central Singularity encompassed by a two-dimensional sphere which serves as a universal memory bank. Moreover, in precise fulfillment of Jung's theory, Susskind used that mandala to reconcile the notoriously incommensurable paradigms of general relativity and quantum mechanics, providing in the process a mathematically plausible explanation for Jung's near-death experience of his past, present, and future life simultaneously at the cosmic horizon. Finally, Susskind's theory also provides a plausible cosmological model to explain Jung's theory of synchronicity--meaningful coincidences may be tied together by strings at the cosmic horizon, from which they radiate inward as the holographic "movie" of our three-dimensional world.

Desmond, Timothy

99

Spontaneous trait inference and construal level theory: Psychological distance increases nonconscious trait thinking  

PubMed Central

Can psychological distance affect how much perceivers form spontaneous trait inferences (STI) from others’ behaviors? On the basis of construal level theory (CLT) which posits that distant (vs. near) entities are represented more in terms of their abstract, global, and decontextualized features, we predicted that perceived distance would increase the tendency for perceivers to draw spontaneous trait inferences from behavioral information about actors. In two experiments, participants learned about people who were perceived as being distant or proximal to the self, and STI formation was subsequently assessed. We found that perceivers were more likely to form STIs about distant vs. near actors from the same behavioral information. These findings generalized across two distance dimensions: space and time. In addition, we found that priming individuals to adopt a high-level (vs. low-level) construal mindset also resulted in increased STI (Experiment 3). In sum, psychological distance facilitates STI formation, and this occurs via high-level construal of actors and their behaviors. PMID:21822331

Rim, SoYon; Uleman, James S.; Trope, Yaacov

2011-01-01

100

Bedrock and beyond: an examination of the clinical utility of contemporary theories of female psychology.  

PubMed

Libido theory and the idea of an innate matrix of bisexuality are an inadequate basis on which to understand female psychology. Rather, it is the mutual influence of sexuality, aggression, object relations, and a superego that inherits the object-related conflicts of early childhood, intertwined as these are with gender issues, that determine the way a woman experiences herself. A woman can have a basically confident, narcissistically valued sense of femaleness and at the same time be troubled by intense feelings of inadequacy and deprivation. Instead of arbitrarily attributing these feelings to penis envy and a sense of castration, based on the idea of bisexuality as bedrock, this paper suggests that we consider primary femininity as bedrock, but that the superego, as heir to unresolved preoedipal and oedipal object-related conflicts, functions to maintain these painful emotions. Clinical material illustrates the utility of these ideas. PMID:8040551

Tyson, P

1994-01-01

101

Putting Theory of Mind in Its Place: Psychological Explanations of the Socio-Emotional-Communicative Impairments in Autistic Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review, the history of the theory of mind (ToM) theory of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is outlined (in which ToM is indexed by success on false belief tasks), and the explanatory power and psychological causes of impaired ToM in ASD are critically discussed. It is concluded that impaired ToM by itself has only limited explanatory…

Boucher, Jill

2012-01-01

102

Normative Bias and Adaptive Challenges: A Relational Approach to Coalitional Psychology and a Critique of Terror Management Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adherence to ingroup ideology increases after exposure to death-related stimuli, a reaction that proponents of terror management theory (TMT) explain as a psychological defense against the uniquely human existential fear of death. We argue that existential concerns are not the relevant issue; rather, such concepts can be subsumed under a larger category of adaptive challenges that prime coalitional thinking. We

Carlos David Navarrete; Daniel M. T. Fessler

103

What Sources Contribute to Variance in Observer Ratings? Using Generalizability Theory to Assess Construct Validity of Psychological Measures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cronbach and Meehl ("Psychol. Bull." 1955; 52:281-302) stated that the key question to be addressed when assessing construct validity is "What sources contribute to variance in test performance?" We illustrate the utility of generalizability theory (GT) as a conceptual framework that encourages psychological researchers to address this question…

Lakes, Kimberley D.; Hoyt, William T.

2008-01-01

104

The Disillusionment of Students Denied Admission to a Preferred Major Viewed from the Perspective of a Psychological Theory of Alienation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why students respond differently when they are denied admission to a preferred academic major may be explained using a psychological theory of alienation. Using this theoretical perspective, three trajectories producing feelings of alienation are presented. The most intense of these trajectories, the process of disillusionment, is examined using a…

Barber, Clifton E.

2014-01-01

105

Institutional Research Productivity, Use of Theory-Driven Research, and Statistical Application in Counseling Psychology: Examining the Research Base. Reactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author reacts to the three core articles in the Scientific Forum of the May 2005 issue of "The Counseling Psychologist" about institutional research productivity, the use of theory-driven research, and the application of structural equation modeling to research in counseling psychology. To have a research base that maximizes divergent…

Kahn, Jeffrey H.

2005-01-01

106

An exploratory assessment of theory of mind and psychological impairment in patients with bulimia nervosa.  

PubMed

This study aimed to investigate psychosocial functioning and different dimensions of theory of mind (ToM) in people with bulimia nervosa (BN) and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified-BN type (EDNOS-BN). Psychosocial functioning and ToM were assessed in a sample of young adult females, 16 BN and 16 EDNOS-BN outpatients and 16 healthy controls (HCs). They were assessed using the Eating Disorder Inventory-Symptom Checklist-2 (EDI-2 SC) for evaluating psychological traits associated with eating disorders; the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) for evaluating psychopathological status; and the Theory of Mind Assessment Scale (Th.o.m.a.s.), a semi-structured interview aimed at assessing a person's different dimensions of ToM. The BN and EDNOS-BN groups exhibited worse performance than the control group on all dimensions of the SCL-90-R, and on all dimensions of the EDI-2 SC. The only difference for perfectionism was that BN obtained higher scores than EDNOS-BN group. Our results also revealed an impairment of third-person and second-order ToM in patients with bulimia (BN and EDNOS-BN) with respect to control subjects. These preliminary data have important implications for future empirical work, in that they provide valuable information regarding the importance of investigating the various facets of ToM ability separately, in order to provide a more detailed profile of ToM functioning in the clinical samples. PMID:24117350

Laghi, Fiorenzo; Cotugno, Armando; Cecere, Francesco; Sirolli, Arianna; Palazzoni, David; Bosco, Francesca M

2014-11-01

107

Creating psychological and legal contracts through human resource practices: A signaling theory perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the surge in research on the psychological contract over the past two decades, there has been little integrative research that has examined psychological contracts in conjunction with legal contracts. We address this shortcoming by presenting a framework for understanding the differences between psychological contracts and legal contracts in the United States. This is done by presenting definitions and examples

Mark M. Suazo; Patricia G. Martínez; Rudy Sandoval

2009-01-01

108

Introduction to the Social and Psychological Perspectives and Theories in Collaboration and Communication Technology Research Minitrack  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology supported collaboration and communication between individuals entails complex social and psychological situations. An understanding of social and psychological aspects of collaboration is essential to creating productive work environments. The use of collaboration and communication systems is framed by the psychological and social factors concerning the users and their work environment. It is important to understand these factors to successfully

Triparna de Vreede; Roni Reiter-Palmon

2012-01-01

109

Does Ethical Theory Have a Place in Post-Kohlbergian Moral Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Philosophers tend to assume that theoretical frameworks in psychology suffer from conceptual confusion and that any influence that philosophy might have on psychology should be positive. Going against this grain, Dan Lapsley and Darcia Narvaez attribute the Kohlbergian paradigm's current state of marginalization within psychology to Lawrence…

Maxwell, Bruce

2010-01-01

110

The Effect of Perspective on Misconceptions in Psychology: A Test of Conceptual Change Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To test whether students' knowledge about psychology undergoes a conceptual change when learning about the discipline, 227 Introductory Psychology students from six different classes were given the Psychology as a Science (PAS) Scale in one of two conditions. Students were randomly assigned to complete the questionnaire from their own (Self…

Amsel, Eric; Johnston, Adam; Alvarado, Elly; Kettering, Jack; Rankin, Lauren; Ward, Melissa

2009-01-01

111

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology  

E-print Network

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is concerned with both physical and psychological changes throughout life-- from conception until death. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching Program Developmental Psychology is a specialized major within Psychology that focuses on child

112

Hope and the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior: replication and extension of prior findings.  

PubMed

The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (IPTS; Joiner, 2005) posits that suicidal behavior occurs when an individual has a desire for death (due to the combination of perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness) in addition to an acquired capacity for suicide, which is present when the individual has a low fear of death and high pain tolerance. Previous research has demonstrated an expected negative relation between trait hope and perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, as well as a more perplexing finding that hope is positively associated with the acquired capability. In a sample of 230 college students, measures of the three components of the IPTS were administered, along with measures of hope, depression, and painful and/or provocative events. Hierarchical regression analyses replicated the previously found associations between hope and burdensomeness and belongingness while controlling for depression and demographic variables. The positive association between hope and acquired capacity was also replicated, but a mediation analysis demonstrated that the effect was statistically accounted for by distress tolerance. The results further support the incremental validity of hope as a consideration in suicide risk assessments and suggest that hope may serve as a protective factor with respect to suicidal desire. PMID:24237390

Anestis, Michael D; Moberg, Fallon B; Arnau, Randolph C

2014-04-01

113

Estimation of Psychological Stress in Humans: A Combination of Theory and Practice  

PubMed Central

Stress has long been known to increase susceptibility to health disorders. In 2009, American Psychological Association further established association of stress to serious health problems. However, a quantitative and accurate way to evaluate and estimate stress status of individuals is still a big challenge. It has been shown, in large animal models using cattle, that psychological stress can be quantified as well as disease susceptibility could be predicted through biomarker discovery. Taking cue from those studies, we have evaluated and estimated psychological stress level of individuals theoretically and validated experimentally. Various biomarkers have also been identified which can be associated to psychological stress to predict stress status of unknown individuals. PMID:23690978

Sood, Parul; Priyadarshini, Sushri; Aich, Palok

2013-01-01

114

COURSE SYLLABUS Psychology 350: Abnormal Psychology  

E-print Network

COURSE SYLLABUS Psychology 350: Abnormal Psychology Spring 2011 Instructor: Dennis P. Saccuzzo, Ph: Abnormal Psychology by Susan Holen-Hoeksema 4th edition This course covers the history, theories.D., J.D. Meeting Times: Wednesday:-6:40pm Professor of Psychology E-Mail: dsaccuzz

Gallo, Linda C.

115

Applying social cognitive career theory to predict interests and choice goals in statistics among Spanish psychology students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the usefulness of social cognitive career theory—SCCT (Lent, Brown, and Hackett, 1994) in predicting interests and goals relating to statistics among psychology students. The participants were 1036 Spanish students who completed measurements of statistics-related mastery experiences, self-efficacy, outcome expectations, interests and goals\\/intentions. Structural equation modeling (including multi-group analysis) was used to test the fit of the hypothesized

Ángeles Blanco

2011-01-01

116

Achievement goal theory and self-efficacy theory: Predicting the psychological effects of a New York Road Runners Foundation running program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the utility of combining achievement goal and self-efficacy theories to gain a broader understanding of the psychological benefits of youth sport participation. The first purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationship between ego-orientation and self-esteem. The second aim was to examine the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationship

Ariella Soffer

2008-01-01

117

Positive Art Therapy: Linking Positive Psychology to Art Therapy Theory, Practice, and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a growing movement in the larger field of mental health, positive psychology has much to offer the art therapy profession, which in turn is uniquely poised to contribute to the study of optimal functioning. This article discusses the relationship of positive psychology to art therapy and its capacity to mobilize client strengths, to induce…

Wilkinson, Rebecca A.; Chilton, Gioia

2013-01-01

118

Professional Philosophy in the Sport Psychology Service Delivery: Building on Theory and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Practitioners in helping professions have recognized the importance of philosophy of service as a fundamental factor driving the process of behavior change. This article explores professional philosophy as an underlying element of successful sport psychology service delivery. A hierarchical structure of professional philosophy is proposed that delineates important components both overtly discussed and implied in the sport psychology literature. These

Artur Poczwardowski; Clay P. Sherman; Ken Ravizza

119

Vygotsky's Stage Theory: The Psychology of Art and the Actor under the Direction of "Perezhivanie"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews Vygotsky's writings on arts (particularly logocentric art including the theater) and emotions, drawing on his initial exploration in "The Psychology of Art" and his final considerations set forth in a set of essays, treatises, and lectures produced in the last years of his life. The review of "The Psychology of Art" includes…

Smagorinsky, Peter

2011-01-01

120

Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: Identifying factors predictive of managing upper respiratory tract infections without antibiotics  

PubMed Central

Background Psychological models can be used to understand and predict behaviour in a wide range of settings. However, they have not been consistently applied to health professional behaviours, and the contribution of differing theories is not clear. The aim of this study was to explore the usefulness of a range of psychological theories to predict health professional behaviour relating to management of upper respiratory tract infections (URTIs) without antibiotics. Methods Psychological measures were collected by postal questionnaire survey from a random sample of general practitioners (GPs) in Scotland. The outcome measures were clinical behaviour (using antibiotic prescription rates as a proxy indicator), behavioural simulation (scenario-based decisions to managing URTI with or without antibiotics) and behavioural intention (general intention to managing URTI without antibiotics). Explanatory variables were the constructs within the following theories: Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), Social Cognitive Theory (SCT), Common Sense Self-Regulation Model (CS-SRM), Operant Learning Theory (OLT), Implementation Intention (II), Stage Model (SM), and knowledge (a non-theoretical construct). For each outcome measure, multiple regression analysis was used to examine the predictive value of each theoretical model individually. Following this 'theory level' analysis, a 'cross theory' analysis was conducted to investigate the combined predictive value of all significant individual constructs across theories. Results All theories were tested, but only significant results are presented. When predicting behaviour, at the theory level, OLT explained 6% of the variance and, in a cross theory analysis, OLT 'evidence of habitual behaviour' also explained 6%. When predicting behavioural simulation, at the theory level, the proportion of variance explained was: TPB, 31%; SCT, 26%; II, 6%; OLT, 24%. GPs who reported having already decided to change their management to try to avoid the use of antibiotics made significantly fewer scenario-based decisions to prescribe. In the cross theory analysis, perceived behavioural control (TPB), evidence of habitual behaviour (OLT), CS-SRM cause (chance/bad luck), and intention entered the equation, together explaining 36% of the variance. When predicting intention, at the theory level, the proportion of variance explained was: TPB, 30%; SCT, 29%; CS-SRM 27%; OLT, 43%. GPs who reported that they had already decided to change their management to try to avoid the use of antibiotics had a significantly higher intention to manage URTIs without prescribing antibiotics. In the cross theory analysis, OLT evidence of habitual behaviour, TPB attitudes, risk perception, CS-SRM control by doctor, TPB perceived behavioural control and CS-SRM control by treatment entered the equation, together explaining 49% of the variance in intention. Conclusion The study provides evidence that psychological models can be useful in understanding and predicting clinical behaviour. Taking a theory-based approach enables the creation of a replicable methodology for identifying factors that predict clinical behaviour. However, a number of conceptual and methodological challenges remain. PMID:17683558

Eccles, Martin P; Grimshaw, Jeremy M; Johnston, Marie; Steen, Nick; Pitts, Nigel B; Thomas, Ruth; Glidewell, Elizabeth; Maclennan, Graeme; Bonetti, Debbie; Walker, Anne

2007-01-01

121

Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology.  

PubMed

Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism. PMID:22478175

Staats, A W

1994-01-01

122

Unemployment, joblessness, psychological well-being and self-esteem: Theory and evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social psychologists Erikson (1959), Jahoda (1979, 1981, 1982) and Seligman (1975) believe that exposure to events such as joblessness are capable of impairing an individual's psychological well-being. Psychological well-being is a multidimensional concept. Therefore, the impact of unemployment on mental health is likely to be manifest in many forms, including denigration of self-worth or self-esteem.The primary purpose of this study

William Darity; Jonathan R. Veum

1997-01-01

123

Intervention Mapping: Protocol for Applying Health Psychology Theory to Prevention Programmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence-based health promotion programmes are based on empirical data and theory. While a broad range of social and behavioural science theories are available, the actual application of these theories in programme design remains a real challenge for health promotion planners. Intervention Mapping describes a protocol for the development of theory- and evidence-based health promotion programmes. It provides guidelines and tools

Gerjo Kok; Herman Schaalma; Robert A. C. Ruiter; Pepijn Van Empelen; Johannes Brug

2004-01-01

124

"What about building 7?" A social psychological study of online discussion of 9/11 conspiracy theories  

PubMed Central

Recent research into the psychology of conspiracy belief has highlighted the importance of belief systems in the acceptance or rejection of conspiracy theories. We examined a large sample of conspiracist (pro-conspiracy-theory) and conventionalist (anti-conspiracy-theory) comments on news websites in order to investigate the relative importance of promoting alternative explanations vs. rejecting conventional explanations for events. In accordance with our hypotheses, we found that conspiracist commenters were more likely to argue against the opposing interpretation and less likely to argue in favor of their own interpretation, while the opposite was true of conventionalist commenters. However, conspiracist comments were more likely to explicitly put forward an account than conventionalist comments were. In addition, conspiracists were more likely to express mistrust and made more positive and fewer negative references to other conspiracy theories. The data also indicate that conspiracists were largely unwilling to apply the “conspiracy theory” label to their own beliefs and objected when others did so, lending support to the long-held suggestion that conspiracy belief carries a social stigma. Finally, conventionalist arguments tended to have a more hostile tone. These tendencies in persuasive communication can be understood as a reflection of an underlying conspiracist worldview in which the details of individual conspiracy theories are less important than a generalized rejection of official explanations. PMID:23847577

Wood, Michael J.; Douglas, Karen M.

2013-01-01

125

New and Expanded Concepts in Neurophysiology, Psychology, and Sociology Complementary to Llorens' Developmental Theory: Achieving Growth and Development through Occupation for Neonatal Infants and their Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: This issue expands the Llorens’ Developmental Theory of Occupational Therapy. Llorens drew from multiple theorists from the disciplines of sociology, neurophysiology, biology, ecology, psychology, occupational science, and psychodynamics to provide the profession of occupational therapy with a unified theory to facilitate growth and development for people of all ages—from infancy to old age.Purpose: The purpose of this issue is

Lynne F. La Corte

2008-01-01

126

Measuring Lifestyle and Attachment: An Empirical Investigation Linking Individual Psychology and Attachment Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

P. R. Peluso, J. P. Peluso, J. F. White, and R. M. Kern (2004) reviewed the theoretical constructs underlying the similarities between lifestyle and attachment style. Specifically, they suggested that the individual psychology construct of lifestyle (or style of life) and attachment style should be empirically investigated. The present research…

Peluso, Paul R.; Peluso, Jennifer P.; Buckner, Janine P.; Kern, Roy M.; Curlette, William

2009-01-01

127

Multiracial Self-Identification and Adolescent Outcomes: A Social Psychological Approach to the Marginal Man Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent public health research has consistently reported that self-identified multiracial adolescents tend to display more problem behaviors and psychological difficulties than monoracial adolescents. Relying on insights from qualitative analyses using small or clinical samples to interpret these empirical patterns, these studies implicitly assume…

Cheng, Simon; Lively, Kathryn J.

2009-01-01

128

Money Buys Financial Security and Psychological Need Satisfaction: Testing Need Theory in Affluence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most prominent theory to explain the curvilinear relationship between income and subjective well-being (SWB) is need theory, which proposes that increased income and wealth can lead to increased well-being in poverty because money is used to satisfy basic physiological needs. The present study tests the tenets of need theory by proposing that…

Howell, Ryan T.; Kurai, Mark; Tam, Leona

2013-01-01

129

What Sources Contribute to Variance in Observer Ratings? Using Generalizability Theory to Assess Construct Validity of Psychological Measures  

PubMed Central

We illustrate the utility of generalizability theory (GT) as a conceptual framework that encourages psychological researchers to address this question and as a flexible set of analytic tools that can provide answers to inform both substantive theory and measurement practice. To illustrate these capabilities, we analyze observer ratings of 27 caregiver–child dyads, focusing on the importance of situational (contextual) factors as sources of variance in observer ratings of caregiver–child behaviors. Cross-situational consistency was relatively low for the categories of behavior analyzed, indicating that dyads vary greatly in their interactional patterns from one situation to the next, so that it is difficult to predict behavioral frequencies in one context from behaviors observed in a different context. Our findings suggest that single-situation behavioral measures may have limited generalizability, either to behavior in other contexts or as measures of global interaction tendencies. We discuss the implications of these findings for research and measurement design in developmental psychology. PMID:25009444

Lakes, Kimberley D.; Hoyt, William T.

2013-01-01

130

Health Psychology Psychology 320  

E-print Network

1 Health Psychology Psychology 320 Zaje Harrell, Ph.D. Fall 2011 134B Psychology Building Tu/Th 8@msu.edu Office Hours: W 12:00-1:00 ` M 11-12 Psychology Building 231 Course Overview Health psychology of topics in health psychology. The class is primarily in a lecture format with frequent time allotted

Liu, Taosheng

131

Health Psychology Psychology 320  

E-print Network

1 Health Psychology Psychology 320 Zaje Harrell, Ph.D. Spring 2011 134B Psychology Building Tu/Th 8: TBA Course Overview Health psychology is the field of psychology focused on the biological, psychological, and social factors that interact in relationship to health and well being. Health psychologists

Liu, Taosheng

132

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY May, 2012 The program area of Educational Psychology offers

Berdichevsky, Victor

133

Applied Systemic Theory and Educational Psychology: Can the Twain Ever Meet?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reflects on the potential benefits of applying systemic theory to the work of educational psychologists (EPs). It reviews developments in systemic thinking over time, and discusses the differences between more directive "first order" versus collaborative "second order" approaches. It considers systemic theories and illustrates their…

Pellegrini, Dario W.

2009-01-01

134

How Cultural Evolutionary Theory Can Inform Social Psychology and Vice Versa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural evolutionary theory is an interdisciplinary field in which human culture is viewed as a Darwinian process of variation, competition, and inheritance, and the tools, methods, and theories developed by evolutionary biologists to study genetic evolution are adapted to study cultural change. It is argued here that an integration of the…

Mesoudi, Alex

2009-01-01

135

Kazimierz Dabrowski's Theory of Positive Disintegration and the American Humanistic Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the differences and similarities between Dabrowski's theory of positive disintegration and the theories of the American humanistic psychologists. Stresses the suffering associated with attaining higher levels of spiritual development. Suggests that Dabrowski and humanists followed different theodicies. (Author/ABL)

Weckowicz, T. E.

1988-01-01

136

Psychophysics without physics: a purely psychological theory of Fechnerian scaling in continuous stimulus spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theory of Fechnerian scaling, as developed by the present authors, uses “same-different” discrimination probabilities defined on a stimulus set to derive from them a measure of local discriminability (of each stimulus from its neighbors), and by cumulating this measure along special paths in the stimulus space it obtains subjective (Fechnerian) distances among stimuli. Previously the theory has been developed

Ehtibar N. Dzhafarov; Hans Colonius

2005-01-01

137

Health Psychology Psychology 320  

E-print Network

1 Health Psychology Psychology 320 Zaje Harrell, Ph.D. Fall 2012 134B Psychology Building Tu/Th 8 11:00-12:00 Course Assistants: Elizabeth Polk Conrad Corretti Course Overview Health psychology of topics in health psychology. The class is primarily in a lecture format with frequent time allotted

Liu, Taosheng

138

Reexperiencing symptoms and the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior among deployed service members evaluated for traumatic brain injury.  

PubMed

Recent evidence suggests that military suicide rates now exceed those of the general public. Numerous recent efforts to address this growing concern have focused on the interpersonal psychological theory of suicidal behavior (IPTS). In the current study, we explored the relationships among reexperiencing symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and the three components of the IPTS in a sample of deployed military personnel examined for traumatic brain injury. Results indicated that reexperiencing symptoms were directly related to the acquired capability for suicide, but their relationships to perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness were statistically explained by general mental health distress. Results indicate that mental rehearsal of painful and provocative experiences may have an impact on suicide risk. PMID:21520082

Bryan, Craig; Anestis, Michael

2011-09-01

139

Cognitive Psychology Meets Psychometric Theory: On the Relation between Process Models for Decision Making and Latent Variable Models for Individual Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyzes latent variable models from a cognitive psychology perspective. We start by discussing work by Tuerlinckx and De Boeck (2005), who proved that a diffusion model for 2-choice response processes entails a 2-parameter logistic item response theory (IRT) model for individual differences in the response data. Following this line…

van der Maas, Han L. J.; Molenaar, Dylan; Maris, Gunter; Kievit, Rogier A.; Borsboom, Denny

2011-01-01

140

Arbitrary Metrics in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many psychological tests have arbitrary metrics but are appropriate for testing psychological theories. Metric arbitrariness is a concern, however, when researchers wish to draw inferences about the true, absolute standing of a group or individual on the latent psychological dimension being measured. The authors illustrate this in the context of 2…

Blanton, Hart; Jaccard, James

2006-01-01

141

Psychology in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on meetings with Chinese psychologists, a report is presented indicating that psychologists in the People's Republic of China are engaged in research concerning theory, Chinese language, child development, vision, audition, and areas of physiological psychology including acupuncture, pain, memory, and CNS functioning. The Institute of Psychology within the Chinese Academy of Sciences represents the center for psychological research.

Sigmund Hsiao

1977-01-01

142

The psychology of pleasantness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The psychology of emotion is in a notoriously unsatisfactory state; imagination and theory have gone ahead of the facts. In affective psychology we may have been misled by the double standard of pleasantness and unpleasantness. The opposition of the traditional affective processes is probably logical rather than psychological and consequently it would be well to consider each process separately. Recent

C. A. Ruckmick

1925-01-01

143

Test Anxiety: Theory, Assessment, and Treatment. The Series in Clinical and Community Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is not surprising that a broad array of treatment programs have been developed to reduce test anxiety, since the consequences can be serious. The contributions in this volume review and evaluate the theory of test anxiety, its measurement, its manifestations, and possible treatments and their outcomes. The following chapters are included: (1)…

Spielberger, Charles D., Ed.; Vagg, Peter R., Ed.

144

Do Regulators of Animal Welfare Need to Develop a Theory of Psychological Well-Being?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quest for a ``theory of nonhuman minds'' to assessclaims about the moral status of animals is misguided. Misframedquestions about animal minds facilitate the appropriation ofanimal welfare by the animal user industry. When misframed, thesequestions shift the burden of proof unreasonably to animalwelfare regulators. An illustrative instance of misframing can befound in the US National Research Council's 1998 publication thatreports

Richard P. Haynes

2001-01-01

145

A Social-psychological Grounded Theory of Teacher Stress and Burnout.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews with and observations of 43 teachers in a suburban high school in New York State provided data used to test a model of teacher stress and burnout based on Teacher Performance-Motivation Theory. Results indicated that decreases in teachers' job involvement actually increased the probability of teacher burnout. (PGD)

Blase, Joseph J.

1982-01-01

146

THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY AND EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH TO THE TEACHING OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS ADDRESS, GIVEN AT THE INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MODERN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING (BERLIN, SEPTEMBER 1964), PRESENTS A GENERAL DISCUSSION OF THE PRESENT SCOPE, ROLE, AND POTENTIAL USE OF RESEARCH IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TEACHING METHODOLOGY, AND MAINTAINS THAT THE BEST RESEARCH IS THAT WHICH IS CLOSELY ALLIED WITH THEORY, AND THE HARDEST TO…

CARROLL, JOHN B.

147

Applications of Generalizability Theory to Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using generalizability theory to evaluate the reliability of child and adolescent measures enables researchers to enhance precision of measurement and consequently increase confidence in research findings. With an observer-rated measure of child self-regulation, we illustrate how multiple sources of error variance (e.g., raters, items) affect the…

Lakes, Kimberley D.; Hoyt, William T.

2009-01-01

148

Dyadic Power Theory, Touch, and Counseling Psychology: A Response to Smith, Vogel, Madon, and Edwards (2011)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smith, Vogel, Madon, and Edwards' (2011) recent article tested dyadic power theory (DPT) by examining the use of touch as a compliance-gaining tactic in the conflicts of married couples. In this response, we raise a methodological issue about the touch behaviors examined by Smith et al. and also pose a theoretical critique that their test of DPT…

Dunbar, Norah E.; Abra, Gordon

2012-01-01

149

Discursive psychology: An alternative conceptual foundation to means-end chain theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how means - end chain theory and laddering can be used to represent consumers' reasons for supporting or not supporting abstract marketing products such as ideas, goals, or perceptions. The specific empirical context used to illustrate the approach was the public's perceptions of President Clinton. Six hundred and three respondents in a national random sample of the

Richard P. Bagozzi; Pratibha A. Dabholkar

2000-01-01

150

TOWARD A GRAND UNIFYING THEORY OF LEADERSHIP: IMPLICATIONS FOR CONSULTING PSYCHOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

A succinct overview of some of the major research approaches to the study of leadership is provided as a foundation for the introduction of a multicomponent model of leadership that draws on those findings, complexity theory, and the concept of emergence. The major aspects of the model include: the personal characteristics and capacities, thoughts, feelings, behaviors, and human working relationships

Richard R. Kilburg; Marc D. Donohue

2011-01-01

151

The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler: Toward an Adlerian Vocational Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an Adlerian vocational theory with several hypotheses and corollaries regarding: (a) life style, (b) work as life task, (c) family atmosphere and relationships, and (d) early recollections. Develops predictive vocational statements and offers the resulting framework as a stimulant to generate further study of Adlerian vocational…

Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

1984-01-01

152

Living Hand to Mouth: Psychological Theories about Speech and Gesture in Interactive Dialogue Systems  

E-print Network

Systems Justine Cassell Media Laboratory MIT E15-315 20 Ames Street, Cambridge MA justine@media- tion of speech and gesture in conversation and describe some psychologicaltheories put forth to explain carry on a conversation with a human user)? First, it makes sense to go looking for a theory that would

Cassell, Justine

153

Main Predictions of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior: Empirical Tests in Two Samples of Young Adults  

PubMed Central

The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (Joiner, 2005) makes two overarching predictions: 1) that perceptions of burdening others and of social alienation combine to instill the desire for death; and 2) that individuals will not act on the desire for death unless they have developed the capability to do so – a capability that develops through exposure and thus habituation to painful and/or fearsome experiences, and which is posited by the theory to be necessary to overcome powerful self-preservation pressures. Two studies test these predictions. In Study 1, the interaction of (low) family social support (cf. social alienation or low belonging) and feeling like one does not matter (cf. perceived burdensomeness) predicted current suicidal ideation, beyond depression indices. In Study 2, the three-way interaction between a measure of low belonging, a measure of perceived burdensomeness, and lifetime number of suicide attempts (viewed as a strong predictor of the level of acquired capability for suicide) predicted current suicide attempt (vs. ideation) among a clinical sample of suicidal young adults, again beyond depression indices and other key covariates. Implications for the understanding, treatment, and prevention of suicidal behavior are discussed. PMID:19685959

Joiner, Thomas E.; Van Orden, Kimberly A.; Witte, Tracy K.; Selby, Edward A.; Ribeiro, Jessica D.; Lewis, Robyn; Rudd, M. David

2010-01-01

154

A Contemporary Story of School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of recent school psychology publications was conducted to discover the espoused theory of contemporary school psychology, as distinct from school psychology practice. We considered that identification of the espoused theory of school psychology, the story of school psychology, would support professional reflection and the identification…

Annan, Jean; Priestley, Anna

2012-01-01

155

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Fall 2010 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings: Tuesday to come out of this class with two things: 1) a knowledge of social psychology (useful in the workplace social psychology to real life. This is a way for the class to include your experiences, as I will share

Gallo, Linda C.

156

From tools to theories: A heuristic of discovery in cognitive psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of scientific discovery—where do new ideas come from?—has long been denigrated by phi- losophers as irrelevant to analyzing the growth of scientific knowledge. In particular, little is known about how cognitive theories are discovered, and neither the classical accounts of discovery as either probabilistic induction (e.g., Reichenbach, 1938) or lucky guesses (e.g., Popper, 1959), nor the stock anecdotes

Gerd Gigerenzer

1991-01-01

157

Disconnecting Positive Psychology and OBM  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper responds to the article by Wiegand and Geller which advocates broadening the content of OBM by assimilating content from non-behavioral psychologies. I argue that these psychologies have theories and aims so incompatible with OBM that no added value will be obtained by forming an interconnection. Specific problems with positive psychology and personality psychology include mentalistic approaches to the

Cloyd Hyten

2005-01-01

158

Predictors of the risk factors for suicide identified by the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behaviour.  

PubMed

The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) has been supported by recent research. However, the nature of the models? three major constructs--perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness and acquired capability - requires further investigation. In this paper, we test a number of hypotheses about the predictors and correlates of the IPTS constructs. Participants aged 32-38 from an Australian population-based longitudinal cohort study (n=1167) were assessed. IPTS constructs were measured by items from the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ) and Acquired Capability for Suicide Scale (ACSS), alongside demographic and additional measures, measured concurrently or approximately 8 years earlier. Cross-sectional analyses evaluating the IPTS supported earlier work. Mental health was significantly related to all three IPTS constructs, but depression and anxiety caseness were associated only with perceived burdensomeness. Various social support measures were differentially associated with the three constructs. Stressful events and lifetime traumas had robust independent associations with acquired capability for suicide only. The IPTS model provides a useful framework for conceptualising suicide risk. The findings highlight the importance of perceived social support in suicide risk, identify the importance of personality and other factors as new avenues of research, and provide some validation for the independence of the constructs. PMID:24947914

Christensen, Helen; Batterham, Philip James; Mackinnon, Andrew J; Donker, Tara; Soubelet, Andrea

2014-10-30

159

Theory of Mind and embedding of perspective: A psychological test of a literary "sweet spot"  

PubMed Central

Theory of Mind (ToM) has been proposed to explain social interactions, with real people but also with fictional characters, by interpreting their mind as well as our own. “Perspective embedding” exploits ToM by placing events in characters’ minds (e.g., “he remembered she was home”). Three levels of embedment, common in literature, may be a “sweet spot” that provides enough information about a character’s motivation, but not a confusing over-abundance. Here, we use short vignettes with 1 or 3 characters and 0-5 levels of perspective embedding in two reading studies to see whether these preferences might be related to processing ease. Self-paced readers were fastest with one level of embedment, increasingly slower as embedment increased; vignettes without embedment were approximately as slow as level 4. With both self-paced and imposed timing, error rates on probe questions increased only at the fifth level. Readers seem to prefer literary texts in which ToM operations are obvious due to embedding of perspectives within the narrative but still somewhat challenging. PMID:23741659

Whalen, D. H.; Zunshine, Lisa; Holquist, Michael

2013-01-01

160

Contemporary Existentialist Tendencies in Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Modem psychology?s relation to existentialism takes at least three discernible forms. Firstly, theory and practice (particularly in psychotherapy, but also in other areas of psychology) that is directly traceable to philosophers and other writers who are termed ?existentialist.? Secondly, theory and practice that is not traceable in this way, but which raises questions, uses concepts or interprets findings in ways

Stuart Hanscomb

161

Self-Determination Theory as a Framework for Understanding Women's Psychological Well-Being Outcomes from Leisure-Time Physical Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Self-determination theory (SDT) is used as a framework to understand how women's psychological well-being is influenced by participation in leisure-time physical activity and the social context in which activity occurs. Data were collected during in-depth semi-structured interviews with 20 participants and analyzed using constant comparison. Findings indicate women's well-being can be enhanced through casual participation in leisure-time physical activity if

Kathy Lloyd; Donna E. Little

2010-01-01

162

The psychology of pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the aspect theory of pleasure and pain. Aspect theory regards pain as the highest degree of displeasure, and holds that it is always felt with reference to a tactile or temperature sensation. Several experiences of cutaneous pain were examined in order to test the theory. The neurological facts and theories on the psychology of pain indicate that: (1) pain

C. A. Strong

1895-01-01

163

Finding "Meaning" in Psychology: A Lay Theories Approach to Self-Regulation, Social Perception, and Social Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of psychology focuses on universal principles of thought and action. Although an extremely productive pursuit, this approach, by describing only the "average person," risks describing no one in particular. This article discusses an alternate approach that complements interests in universal principles with analyses of the unique psychological

Molden, Daniel C.; Dweck, Carol S.

2006-01-01

164

Theory and practice in sport psychology and motor behaviour needs to be constrained by integrative modelling of brain and behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of advances in technology, the non-invasive study of the human brain has enhanced the knowledge base within the neurosciences, resulting in an increased impact on the psychological study of human behaviour. We argue that application of this knowledge base should be considered in theoretical modelling within sport psychology and motor behaviour alongside existing ideas. We propose that interventions founded

Paul Holmes; Simon Bennett; Keith Davids; Nick Smith

2000-01-01

165

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

knowledge of psychology and key topics within this (clinical psychology, cognitive psychology, health in Psychology or other subjects) Research Methods, Quantitative Methods 2, Social Psychology, CognitivePsychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;The University of Bath is to offer an exciting

Burton, Geoffrey R.

166

Software Science and Cognitive Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Halstead proposed a methodology for studying the process of programming known as software science. This methodology merges theories from cognitive psychology with theories from computer science. There is evidence that some of the assumptions of software science incorrectly apply the results of cognitive psychology studies. HAlstead proposed theories relative to human memory models that appear to be without support from

Neal S. Coulter

1983-01-01

167

Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol.10, No.3, pp.405-407. 2006 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences  

E-print Network

:Literature, Culture and Chaos Theory demonstrated that these approaches workequallywell when applied to Renaissance Strange Weather:Culture, Science, and Technology in the Age of Limits, and more significantlyhe calling itself a coffee table work, is co-authored by Robin Chapman and Julien Clinton Sprott, colleagues

Sprott, Julien Clinton

168

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2009 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings and how individuals behave in social situations. I would like every person to come out of this class Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TAs: Alexandra

Gallo, Linda C.

169

Psychology 340 Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2008 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings situations. I would like every person to come out of this class with two things: 1) a knowledge of social Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TA: Jennifer

Gallo, Linda C.

170

Conspiracist ideation in Britain and Austria: evidence of a monological belief system and associations between individual psychological differences and real-world and fictitious conspiracy theories.  

PubMed

Despite evidence of widespread belief in conspiracy theories, there remains a dearth of research on the individual difference correlates of conspiracist ideation. In two studies, we sought to overcome this limitation by examining correlations between conspiracist ideation and a range of individual psychological factors. In Study 1, 817 Britons indicated their agreement with conspiracist ideation concerning the July 7, 2005 (7/7), London bombings, and completed a battery of individual difference scales. Results showed that stronger belief in 7/7 conspiracy theories was predicted by stronger belief in other real-world conspiracy theories, greater exposure to conspiracist ideation, higher political cynicism, greater support for democratic principles, more negative attitudes to authority, lower self-esteem, and lower Agreeableness. In Study 2, 281 Austrians indicated their agreement with an entirely fictitious conspiracy theory and completed a battery of individual difference measures not examined in Study 1. Results showed that belief in the entirely fictitious conspiracy theory was significantly associated with stronger belief in other real-world conspiracy theories, stronger paranormal beliefs, and lower crystallized intelligence. These results are discussed in terms of the potential of identifying individual difference constellations among conspiracy theorists. PMID:21751999

Swami, Viren; Coles, Rebecca; Stieger, Stefan; Pietschnig, Jakob; Furnham, Adrian; Rehim, Sherry; Voracek, Martin

2011-08-01

171

Evolutionary Psychology and Feminism  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article provides a historical context of evolutionary psychology and feminism, and evaluates the contributions to this\\u000a special issue of Sex Roles within that context. We briefly outline the basic tenets of evolutionary psychology and articulate its meta-theory of the\\u000a origins of gender similarities and differences. The article then evaluates the specific contributions: Sexual Strategies Theory\\u000a and the desire for

David Michael Buss; David P. Schmitt

2011-01-01

172

ON RELATIVISM IN CONSTRUCTIVIST PSYCHOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many scholars criticize constructivist approaches to psychology for culminating in a nihilistic relativism. This article reviews the problem of relativism within per- sonal construct psychology and social constructionism. It argues that labeling constructivist approaches to psychology as essentially relativist or nonrelativist simplifies the debate by assigning indisputable characteristics to a family of theories. Both relativ- ist and nonrelativist interpretations of

Jonathan D. Raskin

2001-01-01

173

Page 382 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog Psychology (PSY)  

E-print Network

-understanding and interpersonal effectiveness. pSy 250 introduCtion to pSyCHoLogy (3) Theories, research, and applicationsPage 382 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog Psychology (PSY) p that constitute psychology. An important goal is to help students become informed consumers of psychological

Ravikumar, B.

174

Courses: Psychology (PSY) Page 365Sonoma State University 2010-2011 Catalog Psychology (PSY)  

E-print Network

-understanding and interpersonal effectiveness. pSy 250 intrOduCtiOn tO pSyChOlOGy (3) Theories, research and applicationsCourses: Psychology (PSY) Page 365Sonoma State University 2010-2011 Catalog Psychology (PSY) p that constitute psychology. An important goal is to help students become informed consumers of psychological

Ravikumar, B.

175

Courses: Psychology (PSY) Page 369Sonoma State University 2011-2012 Catalog Psychology (PSY)  

E-print Network

-understanding and interpersonal effectiveness. pSy 250 intrOduCtiOn tO pSyChOlOGy (3) Theories, research and applicationsCourses: Psychology (PSY) Page 369Sonoma State University 2011-2012 Catalog Psychology (PSY) p that constitute psychology. An important goal is to help students become informed consumers of psychological

Ravikumar, B.

176

Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog Psychology (PSY)  

E-print Network

Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog Psychology (PSY) pSy 250 introduCtion to pSyCHoLogy (3) Theories, research, and applications that constitute psychology. An important goal is to help students become informed consumers of psychological knowledge. The role of culture

Ravikumar, B.

177

Psychology of Personality, Spring 2011 1 Psychology 351: Psychology of Personality  

E-print Network

Psychology of Personality, Spring 2011 1 Psychology 351: Psychology of Personality Spring 2011. W. (2011). Personality: Classic theories and modern research (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. (IBSN 391: "Major theoretical approaches to individual differences and the study of the person. Techniques

Gallo, Linda C.

178

Theories of Change and Adoption of Innovations: The Evolving Evidence-Based Intervention and Practice Movement in School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the evidence-based intervention (EBI) movement proliferated in medicine, psychology, and education, interest turned to establishing criteria for determining whether an intervention and/or program can be described as evidence-based. Less attention has been focused on establishing an empirical basis to understand and facilitate adoption of EBIs…

Psychology in the Schools, 2005

2005-01-01

179

Psychological Science and Religious Education in a Devout University: The Case of Pain Overlap Theory and the Talmud  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators employed in devoutly religious institutions often teach students who view even their secular higher education through a uniquely religious lens. Based on his own experiences teaching psychological science at a Jewish university, the author suggests enhancing student interest and enthusiasm by wedding secular curricula with religious…

Schnall, Eliezer

2014-01-01

180

Multi-Level Discourse Analysis in a Physics Teaching Methods Course from the Psychological Perspective of Activity Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present and apply a multi-level method for discourse analysis in science classrooms. This method is based on the structure of human activity (activity, actions, and operations) and it was applied to study a pre-service physics teacher methods course. We argue that such an approach, based on a cultural psychological perspective,…

Vieira, Rodrigo Drumond; Kelly, Gregory J.

2014-01-01

181

The Development, Evolution, and Status of Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities: Reflections and Future Directions for Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article celebrates the 50th anniversary of the introduction of John L. Holland's (1959) theory of vocational personalities and work environments by describing the theory's development and evolution, its instrumentation, and its current status. Hallmarks of Holland's theory are its empirical testability and its user-friendliness. By…

Nauta, Margaret M.

2010-01-01

182

An Integration of Sociocultural and Psychological Adjustment  

Microsoft Academic Search

The major purpose of this research is to combine theories from psychological contract and organizational commitment to study their relationships with expatriate adjustment, including socio-cultural adjustment and psychological adjustment, during international assignments. In addition, the influence of psychological barrier to expatriate adjustment is examined simultaneously. The major results showed that: 1) The psychological contract fulfillment of expatriates significantly influences their

Huei-Fang Chen

2007-01-01

183

The research of artificial psychology model  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a new artificial psychology model based on Markov theory applied to virtual human techniques. Human psychology change is treated as a Markov process. An emotion space and psychology model were constructed. By computer simulation, experimental results play up to human psychology activity.

Weimin Xue; Zhehua Wei; Zhiliang Wang; Wenbo Meng; Xiuyan Wang

2002-01-01

184

Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

behaviour, neuropsychology, thinking and reasoning, health psychology, psychopathology, personality remember, learn, think, reason, perceive, speak and understand) · Health psychology (how biological, psychological, environmental and cultural factors are involved in physical health and the prevention of illness

Burton, Geoffrey R.

185

Realism, Instrumentalism, and Scientific Symbiosis: Psychological Theory as a Search for Truth and the Discovery of Solutions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scientific realism holds that scientific theories are approximations of universal truths about reality, whereas scientific instrumentalism posits that scientific theories are intellectual structures that provide adequate predictions of what is observed and useful frameworks for answering questions and solving problems in a given domain. These…

Cacioppo, John T.; Semin, Gun R.; Berntson, Gary G.

2004-01-01

186

Psychology 459: Cultural Psychology Spring 2011  

E-print Network

, cognition, health, and social behaviors from a cultural perspective. A focus of this course is to find out: 445 Straub Email: jng@uoregon.edu Overview This course will explore current theories and research are to introduce you to research in cross-cultural psychology, stimulate critical thinking and analytical skills

Lockery, Shawn

187

Psychoanalysis as a humanistic psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the criticism of psychoanalysis by proponents of humanistic psychology. It is suggested that these criticisms refer to early Freudian theory and do not reflect an awareness of present-day trends within psychoanalytic theory. Criticisms by psychoanalytic thinkers are examined to show that psychoanalysts are aware of their theory's difficulties. The development of a split within psychoanalytic theory into a clinical

Alan Sugarman

1977-01-01

188

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

Psychological Studies) In Word document sent to you as e-mail attachment Recommended 1. Historical dictionaries of psychology Warren, H.C., Ed. (1934). Dictionary of Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company (BF 31.W3) #12;2 Baldwin, J.M., Ed. (1901; reprinted 1960). Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology; written

Liu, Taosheng

189

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405  

E-print Network

Psychological Studies) In Word document sent to you as e-mail attachment Recommended 1. Historical dictionaries of psychology Warren, H.C., Ed. (1934). Dictionary of Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company (BF 31.W3) Baldwin, J.M., Ed. (1901; reprinted 1960). Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology; written by many hands

Liu, Taosheng

190

DOCTOR OF PSYCHOLOGY IN CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

Forest was established in 1979 as an institution of higher learning in the field of clinical psychology. From the beginning, its purpose was to provide an alternative to traditional PhD programs for individuals desiring an education preparing them to serve primarily as direct providers of mental health services rather than as researchers or academicians. The PsyD degree was chosen because it is a practitioner?oriented degree; clinical psychology was selected because, as reflected in the following description, its approach and goals are suited to Forest’s purpose. The field of Clinical Psychology integrates science, theory and practice to understand, predict and alleviate maladjustment, disability and discomfort as well as to promote human adaptation, adjustment and personal development. Clinical psychology focuses on the intellectual, emotional, biological, psychological, social and behavioral aspects of human functioning across the life span, in varying cultures, and at all socioeconomic levels. (Society of Clinical Psychology, n.d., ¶ 1) Design of the PsyD program at Forest reflects the commitment of administration and faculty to developing competent entry?level practitioner?scholars and their belief that, to become highly

Psyd Program; Program Background

191

1 | P a g e Philosophy of Psychology  

E-print Network

of psychology in four areas: cognitive architecture and modularity (§2); situated, embodied and extended1 | P a g e Philosophy of Psychology Edouard Machery Abstract: Philosophy of psychology takes various forms. Some philosophers of psychology use psychological findings and theories to develop new

Machery, Edouard

192

Theories of Learning for the Workplace: Building Blocks for Training and Professional Development Programs. Routledge Psychology in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workplace and professional learning, lifelong learning, adult learning, learning in different contexts have become of more and more interest and now dominate all aspects of 21st century life. Learning is no longer about "storing and recall" but "development and flow". "Theories of Learning in the Workplace" offers fascinating overviews into some…

Dochy, Filip; Gijbels, David; Segers, Mien; Van den Bossche, Piet

2011-01-01

193

SUMMER 2012: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION  

E-print Network

.B. (2010). Cognitive Psychology: Connecting Mind, Research, and Everyday Experience. Third edition. Belmont and production within a cognitive psychology framework. · Given the name of a cognitive psychology theory-life situations best illustrates the theory. · Given an example of cognitive psychology phenomena (ex. Following

Liu, Taosheng

194

SUMMER 2011: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION  

E-print Network

.B. (2008). Cognitive Psychology: Connecting Mind, Research, and Everyday Experience. Belmont, CA: Thompson and production within a cognitive psychology framework. · Given the name of a cognitive psychology theory-life situations best illustrates the theory. · Given an example of cognitive psychology phenomena (ex. Following

Liu, Taosheng

195

SUMMER 2013: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION  

E-print Network

.B. (2010). Cognitive Psychology: Connecting Mind, Research, and Everyday Experience. Third edition. Belmont and production within a cognitive psychology framework. · Given the name of a cognitive psychology theory-life situations best illustrates the theory. · Given an example of cognitive psychology phenomena (ex. Following

Liu, Taosheng

196

SUMMER 2014: ONLINE PSYCHOLOGY 200 COURSE SYLLABUS INSTRUCTOR INFORMATION  

E-print Network

.B. (2010). Cognitive Psychology: Connecting Mind, Research, and Everyday Experience. Third edition. Belmont and production within a cognitive psychology framework. Given the name of a cognitive psychology theory-life situations best illustrates the theory. Given an example of cognitive psychology phenomena (ex. Following

Liu, Taosheng

197

Overcoming the Fear of Lethal Injury: Evaluating Suicidal Behavior in the Military through the Lens of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide  

PubMed Central

Suicide rates have been increasing in military personnel since the start of Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi Freedom, and it is vital that efforts be made to advance suicide risk assessment techniques and treatment for members of the military who may be experiencing suicidal symptoms. One potential way to advance the understanding of suicide in the military is through the use of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide. This theory proposes that three necessary factors are needed to complete suicide: feelings that one does not belong with other people, feelings that one is a burden on others or society, and an acquired capability to overcome the fear and pain associated with suicide. This review analyzes the various ways that military service may influence suicidal behavior and integrates these findings into an overall framework with relevant practical implications. Findings suggest that although there are many important factors in military suicide, the acquired capability may be the most impacted by military experience because combat exposure and training may cause habituation to fear of painful experiences, including suicide. Future research directions, ways to enhance risk assessment, and treatment implications are also discussed. PMID:20051309

Selby, Edward A.; Anestis, Michael D.; Bender, Theodore W.; Ribeiro, Jessica D.; Nock, Matthew K.; Rudd, M. David; Bryan, Craig J.; Lim, Ingrid C.; Baker, Monty T.; Gutierrez, Peter M.; Joiner, Thomas E.

2009-01-01

198

Model selection and psychological theory: a discussion of the differences between the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC).  

PubMed

This article reviews the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) in model selection and the appraisal of psychological theory. The focus is on latent variable models, given their growing use in theory testing and construction. Theoretical statistical results in regression are discussed, and more important issues are illustrated with novel simulations involving latent variable models including factor analysis, latent profile analysis, and factor mixture models. Asymptotically, the BIC is consistent, in that it will select the true model if, among other assumptions, the true model is among the candidate models considered. The AIC is not consistent under these circumstances. When the true model is not in the candidate model set the AIC is efficient, in that it will asymptotically choose whichever model minimizes the mean squared error of prediction/estimation. The BIC is not efficient under these circumstances. Unlike the BIC, the AIC also has a minimax property, in that it can minimize the maximum possible risk in finite sample sizes. In sum, the AIC and BIC have quite different properties that require different assumptions, and applied researchers and methodologists alike will benefit from improved understanding of the asymptotic and finite-sample behavior of these criteria. The ultimate decision to use the AIC or BIC depends on many factors, including the loss function employed, the study's methodological design, the substantive research question, and the notion of a true model and its applicability to the study at hand. PMID:22309957

Vrieze, Scott I

2012-06-01

199

Psychological Distress  

MedlinePLUS

orig. 06 08, rev. 06 11 PATIENT / FAMILY TEACHING SHEET Psychological Distress What is psychological distress? Uneasy ... look for ways to make memories Other HPNA Teaching Sheets on are available at www.HPNA.org. ...

200

The role of autonomy needs in suicidal ideation: integrating the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide and self-determination theory.  

PubMed

This study investigated the role of autonomy satisfaction in the development of suicidal ideation by integrating two theoretical models of suicide-related behaviors. The first hypothesized a direct effect of autonomy on suicidal ideation. The second hypothesized an indirect effect of autonomy on suicidal ideation via perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. This was a cross-sectional study of 449 college students, who were predominantly female (73.1%) and Hispanic (70.6%), with a mean age of 20.40 years (SD = 4.38, range 18-50 years). Participants were recruited from a psychology participant pool and completed self-report survey measures for course credit. The model of indirect effects provided the best fit to the data; relatedness, autonomy, and competence were significantly associated with higher thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, which, in turn, were significantly associated with higher suicidal ideation. Future studies should test this model longitudinally and consider autonomy as a possible avenue for the prevention of suicide-related behaviors. PMID:23889577

Hill, Ryan M; Pettit, Jeremy W

2013-01-01

201

Positive Psychology \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Positive psychology is the study of human strength, resilience, and optimal human functioning. The goal of positive psychology is to make people happier by understanding and building positive emotion, gratification and meaning. The constructs of happiness, hope, optimism, well-being, resilience and flow are examined in how they relate to positive psychology. The \\

Andrew W Fleming

2006-01-01

202

Military psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is a selected bibliography of psychological publications relevant to war and military endeavor prepared at the request of the Emergency Committee in Psychology appointed by the Division of Anthropology and Psychology of the National Research Council. There are 14 sections by 27 collaborators: army transport personnel, aviation, classification of military personnel, effects of certain drugs on mental and motor

C. C. Pratt

1941-01-01

203

A Theoretical Upgrade of the Concept of Parental Psychological Control: Proposing New Insights on the Basis of Self-Determination Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological control refers to manipulative parental behavior that intrudes upon the child's psychological world. During the past decade, socialization research has consistently demonstrated the negative effects of psychologically controlling parenting on children's and adolescents' development. However, there has been relatively little advance…

Soenens, Bart; Vansteenkiste, Maarten

2010-01-01

204

Psychology and Adult Learning. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a critical account of the psychological theories that have informed contemporary adult education theory and practice. Chapter 1 discusses the importance of balancing description, critique, and comments on each theory's influence on adult education and the need to understand psychological development throughout the life span. The…

Tennant, Mark

205

Teaching Educational Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Teaching Educational Psychology (TEP) is an online, peer-refereed journal that is "devoted to increasing our shared knowledge base about the teaching of educational psychology to a variety of educational constituencies" including administrators, policy-makers, parents, and the public. The journal started publication in 2005 and is published twice a year. Visitors to the site can access all of the back issues of the journal, and they should also take a look at their reviewing guidelines and submission materials. Recent articles include "Using Student Interviews to Understand Theories of Motivation" and "Narrative as a Basis for Teaching Educational Psychology" Moving on, the site also includes links to related educational psychology sites and a list of reviewers.

206

Disconnecting Positive Psychology and OBM  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper responds to the article by Wiegand and Geller which advocates broadening the content of OBM by assimilating content from non-behavioral psychologies. I argue that these psychologies have theories and aims so incompatible with OBM that no added value will be obtained by forming an interconnection. Specific problems with positive…

Hyten, Cloyd

2005-01-01

207

Developmental Psychology Syllabus 1 Psychology 2301  

E-print Network

: (a) Psychology 60 Introduction This course focuses upon development across the lifespan. DuringDevelopmental Psychology Syllabus 1 Psychology 2301 Developmental Psychology Instructor: Tilbe note that the Psychology Department will drop all students who do not meet the following prerequisites

Goksun, Tilbe

208

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

-mail attachment #12;2 Recommended 1. Historical dictionaries of psychology Warren, H.C., Ed. (1934). Dictionary of Psychology. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company (BF 31.W3) Baldwin, J.M., Ed. (1901; reprinted 1960). Dictionary. (1925). Dictionary of Philosophy and Psychology: including many of the principal conceptions of ethics

Liu, Taosheng

209

Socioecological psychology.  

PubMed

Socioecological psychology investigates humans' cognitive, emotional, and behavioral adaption to physical, interpersonal, economic, and political environments. This article summarizes three types of socioecological psychology research: (a) association studies that link an aspect of social ecology (e.g., population density) with psychology (e.g., prosocial behavior), (b) process studies that clarify why there is an association between social ecology and psychology (e.g., residential mobility ? anxiety ? familiarity seeking), and (c) niche construction studies that illuminate how psychological states give rise to the creation and maintenance of a social ecology (e.g., familiarity seeking ? dominance of national chain stores). Socioecological psychology attempts to bring the objectivist perspective to psychological science, investigating how objective social and physical environments, not just perception and construal of the environments, affect one's thinking, feeling, and behaviors, as well as how people's thinking, feeling, and behaviors give rise to social and built environments. PMID:23987114

Oishi, Shigehiro

2014-01-01

210

Health Psychology in Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over 25 years there has been a remarkable growth of theoretical and empirical studies in health psychology. Its theoretical underpinnings have been largely derivative, its focus primarily clinical, and its subject, the individual. Relatively little attention has been paid to the cultural, sociopolitical and economic conditions which set the context for individual health experience and behaviour. Theories which do not

David F. Marks

1996-01-01

211

Evolutionary Psychology: Controversies, Questions, Prospects, and Limitations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary psychology has emerged over the past 15 years as a major theoretical perspective, generating an increasing volume of empirical studies and assuming a larger presence within psychological science. At the same time, it has generated critiques and remains controversial among some psychologists. Some of the controversy stems from hypotheses that go against traditional psychological theories; some from empirical findings

Jaime C. Confer; Judith A. Easton; Diana S. Fleischman; Cari D. Goetz; David M. G. Lewis; Carin Perilloux; David M. Buss

2010-01-01

212

The Relation Between Psychology and Logic  

Microsoft Academic Search

As we might expect, psychology itself has been effected by the change it is producing in logic. If logic is the psychology of judgment and reasoning, the consideration of these processes may be omitted from psychology taken in the narrower sense. Only when we seek to state some general theory to cover all mental complexes need we glance over the

George M. Stratton

1896-01-01

213

The use of gain- or loss-frame messages and efficacy appeals to dissuade excessive alcohol consumption among college students: a test of psychological reactance theory.  

PubMed

The present study applies psychological reactance theory (PRT) to examine the effectiveness of a 2 (frame: gain, loss) x 2 (efficacy: present, not present) experiment to determine best practices in dissuading excessive alcohol consumption among college students. Results from the structural model revealed no association between a perceived threat to choose and message frame or efficacy appeals. As anticipated, a perceived threat to freedom was positively associated with state reactance, which in turn was positively associated with a boomerang effect and negatively associated with favorable source appraisal. State reactance was not associated with favorable attitudes toward preventing the overconsumption of alcohol. In addition to main effects, interactions between message frame and efficacy appeal with four person factors (participant age, trait reactance, perceived health risk, and alcohol consumption) were examined. Individuals perceiving health risk to be low would benefit from gain-frame messages, whereas loss-frame messages would be most effective for heavy drinkers. Finally, when communicating to underage drinkers, our results support using efficacy appeals when accompanied by a loss-frame message. PMID:20812123

Quick, Brian L; Bates, Benjamin R

2010-09-01

214

Psychology 350 Abnormal Psychology  

E-print Network

disorders Chap. 12 12 11/17 Psychotic disorders 11/19-21 Personality disorders Chap. 13 13 11, and treatment 10/17 Integrative theory 8 10/20-22 Anxiety disorders Chap. 6 10/24 Mood disorders Chap. 8 9 10/27 Mood disorders 10/29-31 Substance abuse disorders, impulse control Chap. 9, 13 disorders (pg. 465

Gallo, Linda C.

215

Theories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity will help the students understand that science theories change in the face of new evidence, but those changes can be slow in coming. Students will observe how scientific theories change over time, Be introduced to the sophistication of the geocentric model and the time it took to change the theory underpinning the heliocentric model, Compare the heliocentric model to the geocentric model.

2010-01-01

216

Comparative psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comments on Notes on the Psychic Development of the Young White Rat, by Willard S. Small (American Journal of Psychology, Vol. XI., No. I, Oct., 1899. Pp. 80-100; ; An Experimental Study of the Mental Processes of the Rat, by Willard S. Small (American Journal of Psychology, Vol. XI., No. 2, Jan., 1900. Pp. 133-165; ; Notes on the Individual

Edward Thorndike

1900-01-01

217

Strategic supplier partnering: a psychological contract perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychological contract and organizational justice theories are used in the management literature to describe the relationship between employees and employers. Provides an exploratory study that applies these theories to strategic partnerships between buyers and suppliers, drawing on logistics examples. Uses empirical data from a survey to illustrate where such relationships are working well, and where potential problems lie. Uses psychological

Donna Blancero; Lisa Ellram

1997-01-01

218

Psychological Review 1993. Vol. 100. No. 2. 254-278  

E-print Network

Psychological Review 1993. Vol. 100. No. 2. 254-278 Copyright 1993 by the American Psychological to comparisons. Similarity isone of the most central theoretical constructs in psychology. It pervades theories isjust tooflexibleand underdeter- Douglas L. Medin and Dedre Gentner, Department ofPsychology

Coulson, Seana

219

Psychological Review 1916, Vol. 93, No. 4,411 -428  

E-print Network

Psychological Review 1916, Vol. 93, No. 4,411 -428 Copyright 1986 by the American PsychologicalKeen Cattell Fund. Thanks are due to the MRC Applied Psychology Unit, Cambridge, England, for the use. Hintzman, Department of Psychology, University of Oregon, Eu- gene, Oregon 97403. trace theories

Port, Robert

220

Introduction Although community psychology shares its historical roots  

E-print Network

, economics, health- care, etc.). The field of community psychology is devoted to advancing theory, researchIntroduction Although community psychology shares its historical roots with clinical psychology of the field of clinical psychology. Community psychol- ogy aims to go beyond the individual, focusing instead

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

221

Health psychology training in doctoral psychology programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents the results of a Division 38 (the health psychology division of the American Psychological Association) survey of graduate training programs in psychology, along with facility-specific information on doctoral training opportunities in health psychology as of Fall 1981. 310 questionnaires were returned from psychology programs; 53 indicated that doctoral training in health psychology was available at their institution. It was

Cynthia D. Belar; Eugenie Wilson; Howard Hughes

1982-01-01

222

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements The minor program in Psychology is designed to expose students to a variety of content areas in the field of Psychology and to provide the student with the ability to evaluate Psychology researcher as a consumer. To declare a Psychology minor, the student must

Chase, Sheila

223

Psychology 456: Social Psychology Summer 2011, 102 Peterson Hall, M-TR 12:00 1:50  

E-print Network

or in-class demonstration to help illustrate the social psychological theories we will be studying. WePsychology 456: Social Psychology Summer 2011, 102 Peterson Hall, M-TR 12:00 ­ 1:50 Instructor, we will explore some of the most fundamental principles in social psychology--the scientific study

Lockery, Shawn

224

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY information specific to the School Psychology Specialization. This specialization is fully approved ................................................................................................ 3 THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY .............................. 3 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

Saldin, Dilano

225

[Psychological harassment].  

PubMed

Two types of harassment are distinguished: sexual and psychological. In the private sector, according to French labour laws and the penal code, psychological harassment is actionable. It is up to the employer to prove the absence of harassment. The sanctions incurred can be up to 5 years imprisonment and a 150,000 euro fine and various measures of compensation for damages can be envisaged. PMID:23672157

Puech, Paloma; Pitcho, Benjamin

2013-04-01

226

Psychology of Cultural Diversity Professor: Gordon C. Nagayama Hall, Ph.D.  

E-print Network

. The model for the paper is that typified by Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, Clinical Psychology Review, and Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice articles. The review should cover current theories, current

Lockery, Shawn

227

A Note on Quantum States and Observables in Psychological Measurements  

E-print Network

The problem considered is how to map the concepts of Quantum Theory (QT) to elements of a psychological experiment. The QT concepts are "measurement," "state," and "observable". The elements of a psychological experiment are trial, stimulus, instructions, questions, and responses.

Ehtibar N. Dzhafarov

2014-05-21

228

Psychological maltreatment.  

PubMed

Psychological or emotional maltreatment of children may be the most challenging and prevalent form of child abuse and neglect. Caregiver behaviors include acts of omission (ignoring need for social interactions) or commission (spurning, terrorizing); may be verbal or nonverbal, active or passive, and with or without intent to harm; and negatively affect the child's cognitive, social, emotional, and/or physical development. Psychological maltreatment has been linked with disorders of attachment, developmental and educational problems, socialization problems, disruptive behavior, and later psychopathology. Although no evidence-based interventions that can prevent psychological maltreatment have been identified to date, it is possible that interventions shown to be effective in reducing overall types of child maltreatment, such as the Nurse Family Partnership, may have a role to play. Furthermore, prevention before occurrence will require both the use of universal interventions aimed at promoting the type of parenting that is now recognized to be necessary for optimal child development, alongside the use of targeted interventions directed at improving parental sensitivity to a child's cues during infancy and later parent-child interactions. Intervention should, first and foremost, focus on a thorough assessment and ensuring the child's safety. Potentially effective treatments include cognitive behavioral parenting programs and other psychotherapeutic interventions. The high prevalence of psychological abuse in advanced Western societies, along with the serious consequences, point to the importance of effective management. Pediatricians should be alert to the occurrence of psychological maltreatment and identify ways to support families who have risk indicators for, or evidence of, this problem. PMID:22848125

Hibbard, Roberta; Barlow, Jane; Macmillan, Harriet

2012-08-01

229

Psychology 380: Cognitive Psychology Spring 2008  

E-print Network

Psychology 380: Cognitive Psychology Spring 2008 San Diego State University Instructor: Brock: Cognition: The Thinking Animal, Daniel Willingham (3rd Ed.) Prerequisite for this course: Psychology 101: Introduction to Psychology Goals for this course: Cognitive psychology is concerned with mental processes

Gallo, Linda C.

230

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001 Department of Psychology Michigan State. Text David Hothersall, History of Psychology, New York: McGraw-Hill, 4th ed., 2004 (paperback). On sale 10-339 (for topics II-XVII) because pages 1-10 (Topic I: Introduction to the History of Psychology

Liu, Taosheng

231

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350  

E-print Network

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350 Abnormal Psychology Spring 2008 N-101 Tuesdays 4 psychology. By the end of the semester, students will be able to: · Discuss extant models of abnormal in Foundation II.B., Social and Behavioral Sciences required." #12;Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 2 Course

Gallo, Linda C.

232

Stanford Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A host of online educational initiatives during the past few years have brought lectures from all over the world into the homes into many persons who may not have access to such programs in their own local communities. One such website brings the insights and collected knowledge of various members of Stanford University's renowned psychology department to the Internet-browsing public. The lectures address such topics as the psychology of evil, the role of parents in their children's lives, and the role of personal and collective efficacy. Along with these individual talks presented by various members of the psychology faculty, there are several nice panel sessions on the nature of language and the cultural shaping of emotion. Finally, the site also contains the lively question-and-answer sessions that followed each panel session.

233

Possible Contributions of a Psychology of Liberation: Whither Health and Human Rights?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the possible contributions of a psychology of liberation for the practice of health psychology. It explores alternative psychological ‘practices’, for example participatory action research, with groups historically marginalized from access to power and resources. Selected lenses for crafting a liberatory psychology include: discourse of human rights and mental health; cultural and constructivist psychological theory; and reflexivity. Specific

M. Brinton Lykes

2000-01-01

234

[Psychological debriefing].  

PubMed

Diagnostic criteria for stress reactions and adjustment disorders are summarized. Existing psychological treatments are outlined with a focus on evidence-based methods, and recommendations for treatment are described. The conclusion is that there is no evidence for the effect of psychological debriefing or other professional treatment in the immediate aftermath of traumatic events. On the other hand, cognitive behavioural therapy, EMDR and similar methods with focus on exposure can be recommended, both as a preventive strategy and for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. PMID:19284905

Arendt, Mikkel; Rosenberg, Raben

2009-02-16

235

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST Psychology 685  

E-print Network

6/1/2011 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST Psychology 685 Millersville University/School/Community Collaboration Domain 9: Research and Program Evaluation Domain 10: School Psychology Practice and Development: ______________ Review pertinent folders ______________ Interview teacher/school personnel ______________ Observe

Hardy, Christopher R.

236

Clinical Psychology Unit. Doctor of Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Clinical Psychology Unit. Doctor of Clinical Psychology Annual Placement Report November 2013 standards for clinical psychology training programmes, as set out the placements they completed between September 2012 and October 2013. Clinical

Stone, J. V.

237

Psychology Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design of the University of Texas Austin's Seay Psychology and Child Development & Family Relationships building. With modern technique and materials, the Seay building adds to the established architectural language of the campus, offering a richly tactile structure and adjoining outdoor space embracing the tenets of successful…

Anderssen, Arthur

2003-01-01

238

Psychology Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A goal of the PsychExperiments project was to reduce the financial burden on psychology departments for hardware/software used in their laboratories. In its third year, the PsychExperiments site now hosts 39 experiments. Over 200 classrooms worldwide have signed up as official site users and there have been nearly 10,000 data sessions conducted.…

McGraw, Ken; Tew, Mark D.; Williams, John E.

2001-01-01

239

PSYCHOLOGICAL SUl  

E-print Network

- PSYCHOLOGICAL SUl::NU: Research Report CAN IMITATION IN PIGEONS BE EXPLAINED BY LOCAL ENHANCEMENT TOGETHER. sug- gested this finding showed observer pigeons huJ learned by imitation to peck at or step on the treadle. However, the same result might have been obtained if pigeons had learned to step on the treadle

Galef Jr., Bennett G.

240

Psychological Trivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses trivia related to the history of psychology (with many fun examples such as: What are the names of Pavlov's original dogs?) and the relationship of this game to students learning how to use library resources (in attempts to answer such trivia questions), as well as the relevance of such knowledge.

Robert S. Harper

1970-01-01

241

Psychology, measurements  

E-print Network

of Psychology, University of Reading, UK Abstract Several recent papers have described how lexical properties. At a practical level, word co­occurrence statistics are used to generate high dimensional vector space representations and appropriate distance metrics are defined on those spaces. The resulting co­occurrence vectors

Bullinaria, John

242

Kenneth Kotovsky Psychology Department  

E-print Network

. --Cognitive Psychology, referee. --Cognitive Science, referee. --JEP General, referee. --Journal of MemoryVita Kenneth Kotovsky Address: Psychology Department Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA-Mellon University Psychology Department: ---Professor & Dir. Undergraduate Studies in Psychology, 2000-Present

243

Educational Psychology Perspectives on Teachers’ Emotions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter we focus on teacher emotion from an educational psychology lens. In doing so, we explicate some of the current\\u000a theories related to the nature of emotion. In recent years, there has been renewed interest in the debates about the nature\\u000a and structure of emotion in psychology and educational psychology. In other words, are there distinct categories of

Paul A. Schutz; Lori P. Aultman; Meca R. Williams-Johnson

244

A Coaching Psychology Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Psychology in its place" (2008), John Radford considers "what is or should be the "place" of Psychology in education, more particularly Higher Education". In this article, the author looks at the possible inclusion of coaching psychology within undergraduate psychology programmes. Coaching psychology as an applied area of psychology

Palmer, Stephen

2008-01-01

245

Virtual Doppelgangers: Psychological Effects of Avatars Who Ignore Their Owners  

Microsoft Academic Search

For a decade, the Virtual Human Interaction Lab has been creating doppelgangers, virtual versions of the self, for research purposes. This chapter considers how humans may be affected by confrontation with virtual versions of themselves, on the basis of well-established psychological theories, including social cognitive theory (social learning theory), media richness theory (information richness theory), and self-perception theory. Experiments carried

Jeremy N. Bailenson; Kathryn Y. Segovia

2010-01-01

246

The Psychology of Teaching Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that psychology instructors should capitalize upon students' eagerness for self-disclosure and that course material should be channeled toward meeting this need. Examines the use of specific personality inventory tests measuring memory, motivation, creativity, and emotion as a link between course material and the students' personal…

Osaze, Jana D.

1980-01-01

247

Essential Role of Culture in Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter argues for the essential role of culture in forming the basic constructs and theories of developmental psychology. The case is made for the need to overcome the cultural insularity of core developmental concepts and methods in order to create a psychology that is more truly universal.

Miller, Joan G.

2005-01-01

248

Assumptions and Values of Community Health Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a need to widen the practice of health psychologists to include the theories and methods of community psychology and an awareness of contemporary issues in community health. The aim of such a community health psychology would be both to deepen our understanding of the aetiology of health and illness in society and to develop strategies that will contribute

Michael Murray; Geoffrey Nelson; Blake Poland; Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale; Lorraine Ferris

2004-01-01

249

Changing the subject of health psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examination of theories in health psychology over the twentieth century reveals parallel shifts in models describing the subject of psychology and a consistent realignment between this subject and the environment. A similar reconfiguration of the individual can also be seen within medical and health care discourses about risks to health. These changes are discussed in terms of the interrelationship between

Jane Ogden

1995-01-01

250

Psychology for the Classroom: E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Psychology for the Classroom: E-Learning" is a lively and accessible introduction to the field of technology-supported teaching and learning and the educational psychology associated with those developments. Offering a substantial and useful analysis of e-learning, this practical book includes current research, offers a grounding in both theory

Woollard, John

2011-01-01

251

Gestalt Therapy: Its Inheritance from Gestalt Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When adequately elaborated, the basic method of Gestalt therapy can be traced to the phenomenological field theory of Gestalt psychology. Gestalt therapy differs from Gestalt psychology not because of a difference in philosophy or method, but because of different contexts; the clinical context has different demands than those of basic research.…

Yontef, Gary M.

252

Toward a Positive Psychology of Academic Motivation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to integrate constructs from positive psychology with constructs from motivation theories that have received most of the attention in studies of academic motivation. Achievement goals, expectancy beliefs, and value were predictive of the positive psychology variables. Task goals were associated positively with optimism and with invitations, whereas performance-avoid goals were associated negatively with optimism

Frank Pajares

2001-01-01

253

Precursors of Vocational Psychology in Ancient Civilizations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines philosophical theories produced by two ancient civilizations (Eastern Mediterranean and Chinese) for applications to an applied psychology of work. Includes analysis of Egyptians, Semites, and Greeks, with a special emphasis on Plato. Suggests that many basic elements of vocational psychology were present during the first millennium B.C.…

Dumont, Frank; Carson, Andrew D.

1995-01-01

254

The Psychological Need Satisfaction in Exercise Scale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to provide initial construct validity evidence for scores derived from the Psychological Need Satisfaction in Exercise (PNSE) scale, a multidimensional instrument designed to measure perceived psychological need satisfaction in line with Deci and Ryan?s (1985, 2002) self-determination theory (SDT). Participants in two studies (n1 = 426; n2 = 581) completed the PNSE along with

Philip M. Wilson; W. Todd Rogers; Wendy M. Rodgers; T. Cameron Wild

255

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology  

E-print Network

-solving, critical thinking, and other analytical and statistical skills are emphasized throughout the curriculum, 2009 Degree Objectives Psychology is a social-behavioral science and thus entails the scientific study, sensation and perception, and social psychology. Our undergraduate coursework emphasizes scientific theory

Maxwell, Bruce D.

256

in Psychology  

E-print Network

www.apa.org/pi/lgbc/ The APA Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns Office has worked since 1975 to eliminate the stigma of mental illness which has been mistakenly associated with same-sex sexual orientation and to reduce prejudice, discrimination, and violence against lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. Major functions of the office include support to APA's Committee on Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns; liaison with the Society for the Psychological Study of Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Issues (APA Division 44) and with other APA groups that have an interest in lesbian, gay, and bisexual concerns; policy analysis, development, and advocacy for APA policy; technical assistance, information, and referral to APA members, other professionals, policymakers, the media, and the public; and development and dissemination of publications and other information on lesbian, gay and bisexual concerns in psychology. The Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Concerns Office is housed within the Public Interest Directorate, which works to advance psychology as a means of promoting human welfare. Other programs within the Public Interest Directorate work on issues related to AIDS; adolescent health; aging; children, youth and families; disability; ethnic minorities; urban issues; violence; women; and workplace health. E E E The pink triangle was used in Nazi concentration camps to identify men interned for homosexuality. Some historians believe that lesbians interned by the Nazis would have been identified by a black triangle as "asocial." Many lesbian, gay, and bisexual organizations have adopted the pink triangle as a symbol of the need for continued vigilance toward sexual orientation prejudice, discrimination, and violence. E E E Copyright 2005 by the American Psychological Association. This material may be photocopied and distributed

unknown authors

257

Psychological Perspectives of Buddhism: Implications for Counseling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews psychological perspectives of Buddhism and the universal human problem and its subsequent cures that can be applied to interactions in a counseling relationship. Suggests that meditation techniques can be integrated into current counseling theories. (JAC)

Vassallo, Janice N.

1984-01-01

258

24.120 Moral Psychology, Fall 2005  

E-print Network

The course is an examination of philosophical theories of action and motivation in the light of empirical findings from social psychology, sociology and neuroscience. Topics include Belief, Desire, and Moral Motivation; ...

Holton, Richard, 1962-

259

College of Psychology College of Psychology  

E-print Network

Resource Development Master of Science in Psychology Master of Science in Rehabilitation and Mental Health's libraries. Research Areas Clinical psychology faculty interests include: health psy- chology, attachmentCollege of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL

Heller, Barbara

260

College of Psychology College of Psychology  

E-print Network

's libraries. Research Areas Clinical psychology faculty interests include: health psy- chology, attachmentCollege of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu www.iit.edu/colleges/psych Dean: M. Ellen Mitchell Associate Dean

Heller, Barbara

261

Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

Rapport, Zachary

2011-01-01

262

Learned helplessness and health psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews learned helplessness theory and its attributional reformulation for a health psychology audience. Particular emphasis is placed on the idea that not all instances of human helplessness are best described as learned helplessness. Some possible ways to apply the learned helplessness model to health and illness are discussed. (3½ p ref)

Christopher Peterson

1982-01-01

263

The folk psychology of souls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present article examines how people's belief in an afterlife, as well as closely related supernatural beliefs, may open an empirical backdoor to our understanding of the evolution of human social cognition. Recent findings and logic from the cognitive sciences contribute to a novel theory of existential psychology, one that is grounded in the tenets of Darwinian natural selection. Many

Jesse M. Bering

2006-01-01

264

The cognitive psychology of gambling  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of recent studies have shown there may be a strong cognitive bias in explaining persistent gambling. Theories that have been put forward include the illusion of control, “cognitive regret,” biased evaluations and the “psychology of the near miss.” Two exploratory studies examining the acquisition, development and maintenance of gambling behaviour involving adolescent fruit machine gamblers were carried out.

Mark D. Griffiths

1990-01-01

265

Psychology Needs Realism, Not Instrumentalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents his comments on "Realism, Instrumentalism, and Scientific Symbiosis: Psychological Theory as a Search for Truth and the Discovery of Solutions" by John T. Cacioppo, Gun R. Semin and Gary G. Berntson. In the original article, the authors recommended the combined use of the philosophies of scientific realism and…

Haig, Brian D.

2005-01-01

266

Education for Research in Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comments on the report of the Estes Park Seminar on Education for Research in Psychology (Amer. Psychologist, 1959, 14, 167-179). The seminar apparently advocates the doctrine of the golden mean: theory, breadth of scholarship, statistics, etc. are not bad, are indeed necessary; but there is a serious danger that they may be carried to excess. This is no doubt true;

Norman H. Anderson

1959-01-01

267

The psychology of Alfred Adler  

Microsoft Academic Search

The heterodox nature of the Freudian psychology and the authoritative, dogmatic manner of its presentation, both favored the rise of spirited opposition in its train. Prominent among the secessionists are Jung and Adler. Jung has gained a wide audience for his theories through the attractive literary form in which they have been advanced. Adler has been less fortunate in a

Wayland F. Vaughan

1927-01-01

268

Psychological Review VOLUME 90 NUMBER 4 OCTOBER 1983  

E-print Network

Psychological Review VOLUME 90 NUMBER 4 OCTOBER 1983 Extensional Versus Intuitive Reasoning, Plin S> Probability theory does not determine Department of Psychology, Jordan Hall, Building 420 on the relations among Copyright 1983 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 293 #12;294 AMOS TVERSKY

Fitelson, Branden

269

Speaking for Ourselves: Feminist Methods and Community Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although feminist and community psychology share a number of epistemological and methodological perspectives that guide their respective theories and research practices, it has been argued that community psychology has not fully integrated a feminist perspective into the discipline. This paper examines how community psychology and feminist research methods might combine to help us better understand women's experiences without essentializing or

Lisa Cosgrove; Maureen C. McHugh

2000-01-01

270

Psychology: Discipline Analysis. Women in the Curriculum Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay examines the ways in which psychology, as a discipline, has been influenced by feminist scholarship in the field. Noting that feminist psychologists have challenged the assumption that psychological science is value-free, it cites ways in which values have affected psychological theory and method. The view that men's behavior is…

Madden, Margaret E.; Russo, Nancy Felipe

271

Social Psychological Approaches to the Perception of Ethical Dilemmas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Moral psychology and social psychology theories are examined to illustrate their usefulness for evolving research on topics of business and organizational ethics. The authors believe that social psychological concepts such as attribution, cognitive distortion, and impression management can contribute to a more comprehensive understanding of processes of moral perception and judgment. The organizational stakeholder concept and stakeholder mapping methods found

Stephen L. Payne; Robert A. Giacalone

1990-01-01

272

Gray, W. D. (1997). A view of schema theory. [Review of the book: Schemas in problem solving.] Contemporary Psychology, 42(2), 158-159. Page 1  

E-print Network

that schema theory become the basis of a cognitive architecture? Is it intended as a possible rival to, e.g., ACT-R (Anderson, 1993) or Soar (Newell, 1990)? This seems not to be the case. Can Marshall's schema theory be mapped onto existing cognitive architectures or to the general information processing approach

Gray, Wayne

273

Psychology 456: Social Psychology Summer 2012, 107 Esslinger Hall, M-TR 2:00 3:50  

E-print Network

all live embedded within a social world, we predict you will find the concepts discussed in class, there will occasionally be a film or in-class demonstration to help illustrate the social psychological theories wePsychology 456: Social Psychology Summer 2012, 107 Esslinger Hall, M-TR 2:00 ­ 3:50 Instructor

Lockery, Shawn

274

Classics in the History of Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by Christopher D. Green, associate professor of psychology at York University, this site currently compiles the full text of over 80 works considered classics in the history of psychology. The historically significant texts, written by nearly 50 different authors, reside on a York University server and are fully searchable by keyword(s). Users may also access the texts through an author index or a topical index, which arranges the text into twelve subject areas: Ancient Psychology, Behaviorism, Cognition, Evolutionary Theory, Functionalism & Pragmatism, Gestalt Theory, Intelligence Testing, Neuropsychology, Psychoanalysis & Psychotherapy, Social Psychology, Statistics & Methodology, and Wundt & Structuralism. In addition, the site links to more than 120 online documents related to the history of psychology posted on other Websites.

D., Green C.

1997-01-01

275

Buddha philosophy and western psychology  

PubMed Central

Four noble truths as preached by Buddha are that the life is full of suffering (Duhkha), that there is a cause of this suffering (Duhkha-samudaya), it is possible to stop suffering (Duhkha-nirodha), and there is a way to extinguish suffering (Duhkha-nirodha-marga). Eight fold Path (astangika-marga) as advocated by Buddha as a way to extinguish the sufferings are right views, right resolve/aspiration, right speech, right action/conduct, right livelihood, right effort right mindfulness and right concentration. Mid-twentieth century saw the collaborations between many psychoanalysts and Buddhist scholars as a meeting between “two of the most powerful forces” operating in the Western mind. Buddhism and Western Psychology overlap in theory and in practice. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. Orientalist Alan Watts wrote ‘if we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism, we do not find either philosophy or religion as these are understood in the West. We find something more nearly resembling psychotherapy’. Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. This essay is just an expression of what little the current author has understood on Buddha philosophy and an opportunity to offer his deep tribute to one of the greatest psychotherapists the world has ever produced! PMID:23858249

Aich, Tapas Kumar

2013-01-01

276

Buddha philosophy and western psychology.  

PubMed

Four noble truths as preached by Buddha are that the life is full of suffering (Duhkha), that there is a cause of this suffering (Duhkha-samudaya), it is possible to stop suffering (Duhkha-nirodha), and there is a way to extinguish suffering (Duhkha-nirodha-marga). Eight fold Path (astangika-marga) as advocated by Buddha as a way to extinguish the sufferings are right views, right resolve/aspiration, right speech, right action/conduct, right livelihood, right effort right mindfulness and right concentration. Mid-twentieth century saw the collaborations between many psychoanalysts and Buddhist scholars as a meeting between "two of the most powerful forces" operating in the Western mind. Buddhism and Western Psychology overlap in theory and in practice. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. Orientalist Alan Watts wrote 'if we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism, we do not find either philosophy or religion as these are understood in the West. We find something more nearly resembling psychotherapy'. Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. This essay is just an expression of what little the current author has understood on Buddha philosophy and an opportunity to offer his deep tribute to one of the greatest psychotherapists the world has ever produced! PMID:23858249

Aich, Tapas Kumar

2013-01-01

277

Indigenous and Cultural Psychology: Understanding People in Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is growing recognition that psychological theories and principles developed in the West may not accurately reflect those\\u000a found in other cultures. The newly published book entitled Indigenous and Cultural Psychology: Understanding People in Context has made an important contribution in expanding the scope of psychology. The contributing authors depicted their ultimate\\u000a goal of developing a universal psychology. The purpose

C. Paul Yang; Francis G. Lu

2007-01-01

278

Computer applications in clinical psychology  

E-print Network

The computer-assisted analysis is not currently a novelty, but a necessity in all areas of psychology. A number of studies that examine the limits of the computer assisted and analyzed interpretations, also its advantages. A series of studies aim to assess how the computer assisting programs are able to establish a diagnosis referring to the presence of certain mental disorders. We will present the results of one computer application in clinical psychology regarding the assessment of Theory of Mind capacity by animation.

Zamo?teanu, Alina Oana

2012-01-01

279

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION  

E-print Network

HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (APA-Accredited and NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee For students, faculty, and supervisors 2013 to provide information specific to the School Psychology specialization. This specialization is fully

Saldin, Dilano

280

Dual Processes in the Psychology of Mathematics Education and Cognitive Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research in the psychology of mathematics education has been confronted with the fact that people blatantly fail to solve tasks they are supposed to be able to solve correctly given their available domain-specific knowledge and skills. Also researchers in cognitive psychology have encountered such phenomena. In this paper, theories that have been…

Gillard, Ellen; Van Dooren, Wim; Schaeken, Walter; Verschaffel, Lieven

2009-01-01

281

THE MENTALLY RETARDED CHILD, A PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH. MCGRAW-HILL SERIES IN PSYCHOLOGY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

PRESENTING A PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH TO MENTAL RETARDATION, THIS TEXT BEGINS WITH A DISCUSSION OF THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE, PROBLEMS OF DEFINITION, AND THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE FIELD OF MENTAL RETARDATION. A SECTION ON ETIOLOGY AND SYNDROMES PRESENTS INFORMATION ON GENETIC FACTORS AND GENETIC SYNDROMES AND THE PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL

ROBINSON, HALBERT B.; ROBINSON, NANCY M.

282

Positive Psychology and Positive Education: Old Wine in New Bottles?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recently fashionable theories of positive psychology have educational ramifications at virtually every level of engagement, culminating in the model of positive education. In this critical review, I scrutinize positive education as a potential theory in educational psychology. Special attention is given to conceptual controversies and…

Kristjansson, Kristjan

2012-01-01

283

Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction, Motivation, and Exercise in Older Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

A predominate motivation theory used to predict exercise behavior is self-determination theory, which posits that motivation is driven by satisfaction of three basic psychological needs: autonomy, competence, and relatedness. This study investigates the relationship between motivation, basic psychological needs satisfaction, and exercise in a sample of older adults. Significant differences were found between older adult exercisers and nonexercisers in intrinsic

Rena A. Kirkland; Nancy J. Karlin; Megan Babkes Stellino; Steven Pulos

2011-01-01

284

Positive Psychology and Positive Education: Old Wine in New Bottles?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recently fashionable theories of positive psychology have educational ramifications at virtually every level of engagement, culminating in the model of positive education. In this critical review, I scrutinize positive education as a potential theory in educational psychology. Special attention is given to conceptual controversies and suggested educational interventions. Positive psychologists have yet to explore in detail the school as

Kristján Kristjánsson

2012-01-01

285

Bayesian Just-So Stories in Psychology and Neuroscience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to Bayesian theories in psychology and neuroscience, minds and brains are (near) optimal in solving a wide range of tasks. We challenge this view and argue that more traditional, non-Bayesian approaches are more promising. We make 3 main arguments. First, we show that the empirical evidence for Bayesian theories in psychology is weak.…

Bowers, Jeffrey S.; Davis, Colin J.

2012-01-01

286

Social Psychology (Program Description)  

NSF Publications Database

... and Cognitive Sciences Social Psychology Description The Social Psychology Program at NSF ... emotion, social comparison and social influence, and the psychophysiological and neurophysiological ...

287

Psychology in counseling psychology: Whither or wither?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveyed psychology course offerings of 44 counseling graduate programs as well as the preferences of students and faculty (program directors) for a wide range of psychology course work. Mailed questionnaires were returned by directors of 23 programs and by 33 students in the programs. Responses for actual and preferred courses in American Psychological Association approved and nonapproved programs were similar.

Bruce R. Fretz

1975-01-01

288

Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

Zucchero, Renee' A.

2011-01-01

289

A Dependence-Regulation Account of Psychological Distancing in Response to Major Organizational Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Building on previous studies that documented psychological withdrawal or distancing from one's employing organization as one kind of response to major organizational change, this study developed and tested a dependence-regulation account of psychological distancing responses. This account was derived from social psychological analysis of interpersonal relationships and interdependence theory. It emphasizes the self-protective function of psychological distancing when the employment

John L. Michela; Jeanetta Vena

2012-01-01

290

Psychometric Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The classic text is Psychometric Theory. Like the previous edition, this text is designed as a comprehensive text in measurement for researchers and for use in graduate courses in psychology, education and areas of business such as management and marketing. It is intended to consider the broad measurement problems that arise in these areas and is written for a reader

J. C. Nunnally

1978-01-01

291

Critical Contributions of Piaget to Humanistic Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Humanistic psychologists now embrace many of the same principles which served as the basis for Piaget's theory. These same theories were described earlier by John Locke and Immanuel Kant, and were the basis of the new "Humanism" movement in Germany in the 18th century. If one considers humanistic psychology as a kind of culmination of the…

Cassel, Russell N.

292

Course: PSY675 (section 29886); Seminar in Psychological Measurement Course Description General principles, theory and methods underlying measurement in studies of group and  

E-print Network

the frequent reference to quantitative methods, it would be advantageous to have a basic hand calculator.e., test developer, quantitative methodologist, statistician, survey research, etc.). The course General principles, theory and methods underlying measurement in studies of group and individual

Gallo, Linda C.

293

A Brief History of the Development of Abnormal Psychology: A Training Guide. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented for practitioners is a history of the development of abnormal psychology. Areas covered include the following: Early medical concepts, ideas carried over from literature, early treatment of the mentally ill, development of the psychological viewpoint, Freud's psychoanalytic theory, Jung's analytic theory, the individual psychology of…

Phelps, William R.

294

Research Review Psychology 2011  

E-print Network

Research Review Psychology 2011 QANU July 2012 #12;QANU / Psychology research assessment 20122;QANU / Psychology Research assessment 2012 3 CONTENTS 1. The Review Committee and review procedures. THE REVIEW COMMITTEE AND REVIEW PROCEDURES Scope of the assessment The Psychology Committee was asked

van Rooij, Robert

295

Introduction to Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an overview of…

Edwards, Lesley

296

HISTORIOGRAPHY OF CZECH PSYCHOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper is aimed at presenting the development of the Czech historiography of psychology, which was strongly influenced by the political changes in Central and Eastern Europe. The authors deal with the historiography of psychology at the three universities offering an undergraduate program in psychology, located in Prague, Brno, and Olomouc, and at the Institute of Psychology of the Czech

Simona Hoskovcová; Ji?í Hoskovec; Alena Plháková; Michael Šebek; Josef Švancara; Dalibor Vobo?il

2010-01-01

297

Mainstreaming Culture in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural…

Cheung, Fanny M.

2012-01-01

298

Memory metaphors in cognitive psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In describing memory phenomena in natural language, a spatial metaphor is typically employed. Memories are considered to be\\u000a objects that are stored in a mind space, and the process of retrieval is conceived as a search for these objects. It is argued\\u000a that this metaphor has been carried over into many of the popular theories of memory in cognitive psychology

Henry L. Roediger

1980-01-01

299

[Alfred Adler and the psychology of aesthetic surgery in the United States].  

PubMed

The quest for a psychological theory to explain the effects of aesthetic surgery reached its high point in the 1920s with the adoption of Alfred Adler's theory of the inferiority complex. The basis for this theory was Adler's early work in the psychological response of the body to disease and "degeneration". Aesthetic surgeons sought out the Adlerian model rather than a Freudian one as purely psychological while its roots, and their own theories, were clearly somatic in origin. PMID:11791189

Gilman, S L

2002-01-01

300

American Psychological Society: Psychological Research on the Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Posted by the American Psychological Society (see the May 6, 1994 Scout Report), this Website presents an extensive annotated list of psychological research currently being conducted on the Web. In addition to a new studies section, topics include health psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, personality studies, psychology and religion, sensation and perception, social psychology, neural psychology, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, cognition, emotions, and others. Links are provided to the listed Websites.

2001-01-01

301

Psychology’s Entrepreneurs and the Marketing of Industrial Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1880 and 1930, entrepreneurial individuals in academic psychology and engineering converged on a common interest in the human side of enterprise. Both disciplines subsequently overlapped in marketing their professional business services. Separating from academic psychology, applied psychologists alluded to being \\

Thomas J. Van De Water

1997-01-01

302

Whither Social Theory?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the place of social theory in mathematics education research, and what is it for? This special issue of "Educational Studies in Mathematics" offers insights on what could be the role of some sociological theories in a field that has historically privileged learning theories coming from psychology and mathematics as the main…

Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

2014-01-01

303

Sport psychology: psychologic issues and applications.  

PubMed

This article has briefly highlighted the area of sport psychology as it relates to performance psychology skills (mental training), including a historical overview and current topics overview. The use of mental training skills may be of interest to the practicing physical medicine and rehabilitation professional in the treatment of his or her patients. It is important that the physical medicine professional recognize what sport or performance psychology represents within the paradigm of psychologic interventions. Referring to an individual based on his or her training (licensed psychologist versus mental training consultant) is essential for the appropriate management of psychologic issues related to performance. The issues related to the psychologic rehabilitation of the injured athlete are of importance to the medical staff; the overview of affective responses can assist in understanding the normal and adaptive responses of the injured athlete. Finally, a brief description of a psychologist's role within a sports medicine and rehabilitation practice is presented. The psychologic issues that are present in the world of sport and elite performance are numerous, and not all are mentioned in this article. Issues of eating disorders, substance abuse, and psychologic health with athletes should be further explored within the physical medicine and rehabilitation discipline as well as in the sports medicine discipline. The ever-evolving psychologic dynamics of individuals involved in sport and elite performance are intriguing and unique. A specialized knowledge base, training, and experience in providing psychologic services are required to treat this unique population. Counseling and clinical issues of the athlete and elite performer require further attention in the realm of psychologic interventions, including further exploration of the efficacy of interventions for performance enhancement. The field of applied sport psychology may offer the physical medicine professional a unique perspective into the care of patients who are athletes and elite performers. PMID:16952750

Carr, Christopher M

2006-08-01

304

Re-reading Discourse and Social Psychology: transforming social psychology.  

PubMed

This paper considers one theme in the contemporary legacy of Potter and Wetherell's (1987) Discourse and Social Psychology. It overviews the context that led to that book and considers a series of critical responses from both experimental and critical/qualitative social psychologists. It refutes criticisms and corrects confusions. Focusing on contemporary discursive psychology, it highlights (a) its rigorous use of records of actual behaviour; (b) its systematic focus on normative practices. In methodological terms, it (a) highlights limitations in the use of open-ended interviews; (b) considers the way naturalistic materials provide access to participants' own orientations and displays; (c) builds a distinctive logic of sampling and generalization. In theoretical terms, it (a) highlights the way discourse work can identify foundational psychological matters; (b) offers a novel approach to emotion and embodiment; (c) starts to build a matrix of dimensions which are central to the constructing and recognizing of different kinds of social actions. It now offers a fully formed alternative social psychology which coordinates theory and method and a growing body of empirical work. PMID:22168901

Potter, Jonathan

2012-09-01

305

Social influence, evolutionary theory, and symmetry  

E-print Network

of the UNIVERSITY UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH FELLOWS April 2000 Group: Psychology 2 SOCIAL INFLUENCE, EVOLUTIONARY THEORY, AND SYMMETRY A Senior Honors Thesis By AMY ELIZABETH PINXHAM Submitted to the Office of Honors Programs k Academic Scholarships Texas... 2000 Group: Psychology 2 ABSTRACT Social Influence, Evolutionary Theory, and Symmetry. (April 2000) Amy Elizabeth Pinkham Department of Psychology Texas A&M University Fellows Advisor: Dr. William G. Graziano Department of Psychology...

Pinkham, Amy Elizabeth

2013-02-22

306

University of Oregon Psychology 473  

E-print Network

Location: 116 ESL Instructors: Kristen Reinhardt, M.S. Doctoral Candidate, Clinical Psychology Email, Clinical Psychology Email: bwn@uoregon.edu Psychology Department building, Franklin Boulevard, room 118

Lockery, Shawn

307

Virtual Doppelgangers: Psychological Effects of Avatars Who Ignore Their Owners  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a For a decade, the Virtual Human Interaction Lab has been creating doppelgangers, virtual versions of the self, for research\\u000a purposes. This chapter considers how humans may be affected by confrontation with virtual versions of themselves, on the basis\\u000a of well-established psychological theories, including social cognitive theory (social learning theory), media richness theory\\u000a (information richness theory), and self-perception theory. Experiments carried

Jeremy N. Bailenson; Kathryn Y. Segovia

308

Psychological contracts of hospice nurses.  

PubMed

Psychological contracts have been described as individuals' beliefs regarding the obligations, expectations, and contributions that exist between them and their employer. They can be influenced by the organization's culture and philosophy, through human resources policies, and through the employee's personality and characteristics. Owing to the recent economic crisis, hospices in the UK are currently in a transitional phase and are being expected to demonstrate efficiencies that might be more in line with a business model than a health-care environment. This may conflict with the philosophical views of hospice nurses. To support nurses through this transition, it might be helpful to understand the antecedents of hospice nurses' behaviour and how they construct their psychological contracts. Failure to offer adequate support might lead to negative outcomes such as a desire to leave the organisation, poorer quality work, or disruptive behaviour. This study used a modified grounded theory approach involving in-depth interviews to explore the context and content of the psychological contracts of hospice nurses in the UK. Four main themes emerged: the types of psychological contracts formed, how the contracts are formed, their contents, and the breaches and potential violations the nurses perceive. PMID:21240104

Jones, Audrey Elizabeth; Sambrook, Sally

2010-12-01

309

Cognitive psychology: mentalistic or behavioristic?  

PubMed

We have examined the question, is modern cognitive psychology a return to classical structural or functional psychology or does it conform to the methodological behaviorism first advocated by John B. Watson? We began with a brief description of the methods and goals of classical psychology, noting that observations of the mental phenomena were made by highly trained observers who were themselves scientists (or at least, scientists-in-training). These scientists were searching for cross-sectional laws that connected mental elements with complex mental phenomena. Among the primitive terms of these psychologists were some that referred to simple mental events. Classical psychologists failed to reach their goals for empirical reasons; their failure was not due to methodological (logical) inadequacies. We examined methodological behaviorism and found it to have two main principles. The first is that the primitive terms of psychology should refer to the simple properties of, and simple relations among, physical objects and events--the same primitives used in the physical sciences. The second is that psychologists should look for process laws that permit the prediction of future behavior given knowledge of the physiological, environmental, and other behavioral variables. Next, we analyzed the activities of cognitive psychologists. We found that they do not treat their subjects as if they were trained observers. Rather, they consistently employ "catch trials" and other checks on the quality of the subjects' observations. We noted that cognitive psychologists could, but usually do not, provide behaviorally and environmentally based "operational definitions" for many of the mentalistic-sounding terms that they introduce into the psychological language. Many of their terms, however, are introduced through the time-honored use of models. That is, they construct models that are only partially interpreted to the empirical world. Some of the concepts in the model remain uninterpreted, and of these, some appear to refer to the mental phenomena that classical psychologists attempted to study and describe. This latter feature is probably what most misleadingly suggests that modern cognitive psychology is a return to classical structural or functional psychology. Finally, we found that cognitive psychology is not, as many believe, a revolution against methodological behaviorism. It is rather a rebellion against the conditioning-based theories that constrained psychologists to the study of the simpler behavioral phenomena. PMID:2665433

Spiker, C C

1989-01-01

310

Health Psychology: Psychological Adjustment to Chronic Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chronic diseases carry important psychological and social con- sequences that demand significant psychological adjustment. The literature is providing increasingly nuanced conceptualizations of adjustment, demonstrating that the experience of chronic disease necessitates adaptation in multiple life domains. Heterogeneity in adjustment is apparent between individuals and across the course of the disease trajectory. Focusing on cancer, cardiovascular disease, and rheumatic diseases, we

Annette L. Stanton; Tracey A. Revenson; Howard Tennen

2007-01-01

311

Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology Fall 2012 TR 4:00-5:20pm Gerlinger 302) 346-4966 Office Hours: TBD Course Overview: Understanding statistics and statistical reasoning classes and hopefully for some of you in the world beyond, will present statistical data. This data

Lockery, Shawn

312

Psychology as Storytelling  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bannister's roork is used to illustrate the claim that psychology should more clearly recognize itself as a storytelling discipline. Some of the pervasive ways in which stories shape our lives are indicated. Various issues for a storytelling psychology are outlined.

Miller Mair

1988-01-01

313

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate  

E-print Network

to Social Psychology PSY 0160 Psychology of Personality PSY 0310 Developmental Psychology PSY 0422 Cognitive methods course; choose one PSY 0405 Learning and Motivation PSY 0423 Cognitive Psychology Lab PSY 1025Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate Revised: 01/2014 The undergraduate

Jiang, Huiqiang

314

PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

1 8/12/2011 PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology 3 credits Millersville University and Practicum in School Psychology (Psychology 685) are in accordance with two important documents; the NASP Standards for School Psychology Training Programs (2000) and the School Psychology; A Blueprint Training

Hardy, Christopher R.

315

School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program  

E-print Network

i School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program Department of Psychology 430 Huntington Hall Syracuse, NY 13244-2340 Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.) in School Psychology Accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA)* Approved by the National Association of Psychology Psychologists

Doyle, Robert

316

Psychology. About the Department  

E-print Network

Department Of Psychology. About the Department Our Department is one of the top psychology" rating in the last review of teaching by the QAA and in the recent Research Assessment Exercise our to shape the professional practice of psychology. This research impacts on many areas of society, from

Stone, J. V.

317

Psychology: Student Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book published in 1986 introduces students to psychology and its related subject areas. Students learn that psychology has matured through the centuries from its taboo beginnings in supernatural beliefs and magic to its current status as a scientific discipline. Sections of the book include: (1) "What is Psychology?"; (2) "Human Development";…

Stark, Rebecca

318

Nursing and Psychological Treatments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief article presents a comment on "Psychological Treatments" by D. H. Barlow. In his article, Barlow pointed to the need "to solidify the identification of psychology as a health care profession" by changing the terminology of practice in the health care context from psychotherapy to psychological treatments and suggested that the only…

Kwekkeboom, Kristine L.; Ameringer, Suzanne; Harrison, Tondi; Phillips, Christopher M.; Serlin, Ronald C.; Ward, Sandra E.

2005-01-01

319

Bringing Psychology to Life.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a set of exercises called Bringing Psychology to Life (BPL), which is designed to engage introductory psychology students in learning course and textbook content by having them develop psychological explanations for events in their lives. Maintains that BPL is an excellent icebreaker for graduate teaching assistants and a vehicle for…

McAdam, Dale

1987-01-01

320

Journal of Consulting Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is reprinted from the Journal of Consulting Psychology, 1965, 29, 97. The present editor wishes to affirm that the Journal of Consulting Psychology is the APA publication in the area of clinical psychology (child and adult), and it is his intention that its range of content will reflect the many facets of this area. Relevant topics would include:

Jules D. Holzberg

1965-01-01

321

Empirically supported psychological therapies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article introduces the special section of the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology on empirically supported psychological therapies. After a discussion of the rationale for the selection of the specific terms in the label, several justifications are considered for conducting and learning from empirical evaluations of psychological therapies. Finally, the process that guided the special section is described.

Philip C. Kendall

1998-01-01

322

What is Political Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Political psychology is the study of the bidirectional interaction of political and psychological processes. This academic discipline was founded after the First World War by Harold D. Lasswell. The content of political psychology is discussed and illustrative studies of the field are briefly summarized. (CS)

Deutsch, Morton

1983-01-01

323

Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology (SNP)  

E-print Network

Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology (SNP) I t is an exciting challenge for us to launch a new interdisciplinary journal, Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology. We believe the journal will appeal to a wide advances have shed new light on psychological and neural processes. For example, in the area

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

324

Psychology in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

2011-01-01

325

Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

2011-01-01

326

University of Connecticut Theory-based approaches to social issues, especially prejudice, inequality, health.  

E-print Network

psychology, and more specifically promoting health behavior, especially HIV risk psychology theories and methods to the study of health risk and prevention behaviors. Frederick X. Gibbons (@uconn.edu) applies social psychology to the study of health

Alpay, S. Pamir

327

The Psychology of Cyberspace  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Professor John Suler of Rider University, The Psychology of Cyberspace is a frequently updated interactive document that provides "an evolving conceptual framework for understanding the various psychological components of cyberspace." Currently, the site contains six major components: The Fundamental Psychological Qualities of Cyberspace, The Psychology of the Individual in Cyberspace, The Psychology of Cyberspace Relationships, Group Dynamics in Cyberspace, Research Methods in Cyberpsychology, and The Palace Study, an ongoing case study of an online multimedia community. This extensive site also includes a subject index to aid information retrieval, and a modest annotated webliography of cyberpsychology resources.

Suler, John.

1999-01-01

328

Introduction to Psychology: Syllabus and Study Guide. Spring 1976 Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The syllabus contains detailed information concerning an introductory college course in psychology. The primary objectives are to help the student acquire basic knowledge of vocabulary, concepts, methods and theories used by psychologists, and skills in interpreting psychological knowledge and applying it to daily life, everyday problems, and…

Costin, Frank; And Others

329

A "Narrowing of Inquiry" in American Moral Psychology and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We explore the possibility that a priori philosophical commitments continue to result in a narrowing of inquiry in moral psychology and education where theistic worldviews are concerned. Drawing from the theories of Edward L. Thorndike and John Dewey, we examine naturalistic philosophical commitments that influenced the study of moral psychology

Richardson, Michael J.; Slife, Brent D.

2013-01-01

330

Community Health Psychology: Promoting Analysis and Action for Social Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community health psychology is concerned with the theory and method of working with communities to combat disease and to promote health. This introductory article outlines key assumptions and debates underlying this area of research and practice—in the interests of framing the papers in this special edition of the Journal of Health Psychology. Attention is given to the value of emphasizing

Catherine Campbell; Michael Murray

2004-01-01

331

Exchange Relationships: Examining Psychological Contracts and Perceived Organizational Support  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors surveyed 347 public sector employees on 4 measurement occasions to investigate the conceptual distinctiveness of the psychological contract and perceived organizational support (POS) and how they are associated over time. Results support the distinctiveness of the 2 concepts. In terms of their interrelationships over time, by drawing on psychological contract theory the authors found little support for a

Jacqueline A. M. Coyle-Shapiro; Neil Conway

2005-01-01

332

Constraints or Guideposts? Developmental Psychology and Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kathleen Metz has suggested that application of theories of developmental psychology to children's science instruction has led to underestimation of children's competence and potential. This review proposes use of developmental psychology as a guidepost rather than a constraint in developing science curricula. (SLD)

Kuhn, Deanna

1997-01-01

333

Competence Assessment Integrating Reflective Practice in a Professional Psychology Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Midwestern University Clinical Psychology Program--Glendale Campus (MWU) created a Comprehensive Assessment Method in Psychology (CAMP) comprised of 35 different "tasks" of authentic work products representing a variety of assessment techniques based on pedagogical theory. Each task assesses one or more components of one of the program's five…

Lewis, Deborah; Virden, Tom; Hutchings, Philinda Smith; Bhargava, Ruchi

2011-01-01

334

Integrating Positive Psychology into Counseling: Why and (When Appropriate) How  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling psychology has a historical commitment to enhancing human strengths, a focus that has enjoyed broader interest with the recent emergence of positive psychology. However, theory and evidence linking strength enhancement to counseling goals are still relatively nascent. The authors outline rationales and practical strategies for…

Harris, Alex H. S.; Thoresen, Carl E.; Lopez, Shane J.

2007-01-01

335

DEVELOPING A FEMINIST PSYCHOLOGY OF WOMEN: PAST AND FUTURE ACCOMPLISHMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A feminist approach to the psychology of women is defined. In terms of this definition four areas central to the psychology of women are examined. These areas are theory building, sex differences research, research describing women's lives, and feminist therapy. For each area past accomplishments are outlined and future directions are suggested. In conclusion, two important methodological paradoxes are presented,

MEREDITH M. KIMBALL

1986-01-01

336

Humanistic Psychology as IdeologyAn Analysis of Maslow's Contradictions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay stresses the importance of viewing psychological theories in terms of the socioeconomic environment in which they exist. Specifically, we examine the relationship between the humanistic psychology of Abraham Maslow and the economic practices of American society. We find that Maslow's contradictions-the most significant being that his work contains both democratic and elitist worldviews-are understandable when viewed as expressions

Robert Shaw; Karen Colimore

1988-01-01

337

THE FATE OF HERBART’S MATHEMATICAL PSYCHOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the 30 years following its fullest presentation in 1824, the mathematical psychology of J. F. Herbart (1776–1841) was widely taught and often favorably discussed by scholars such as M. W. Drobisch. However, Herbart’s theory received considerable criticism after the introduction of experimentation into psychology by Fechner and Wundt; Ebbinghaus was more friendly toward it. In the period from about

Geert-Jan A. Boudewijnse; David J. Murray; Christina A. Bandomir

2001-01-01

338

Neoscholastic psychology revisited.  

PubMed

Beginning around 1879, a Neoscholastic psychology developed, an experimental psychology with a soul. Opposed to materialism, it sought to renew Scholastic philosophy by incorporating the findings of the natural sciences. Neoscholastic psychology is an important chapter in the history of the relationships between science and religion in the 20th century. Neoscholastic psychology was both experimental and philosophical. This article presents the main accomplishments of North American Neoscholastic psychology in academic and applied areas. Neoscholastic psychologists championed scientific psychology while insisting on a better conception of human nature. Philosophical critiques led to a decline of Neoscholasticism; after the 1960s it was no longer official Catholic philosophy. Neoscholasticism gave psychologists concerned with philosophical questions impetus to turn to phenomenology, existentialism, and humanistic psychology. PMID:15997486

Kugelmann, Robert

2005-05-01

339

Perceived organizational support and psychological contracts: a theoretical integration  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary Although organizational support theory and psychological contract theory both stress social exchange processes in the establishment and maintenance of the employee-employer rela- tionship, they have focused on different aspects of this relationship. We suggest that, far from being independent, the different parts of the employee-employer association considered by the two theories are mutually interdependent. Further, key processes identified by

Justin Aselage; Robert Eisenberger

2003-01-01

340

Hans Driesch and the problems of "normal psychology". Rereading his Crisis in Psychology (1925).  

PubMed

In 1925, the German biologist and philosopher Hans Driesch published a booklet entitled The Crisis in Psychology. It was originally published in English and was based on lectures given at various universities in China, Japan and the USA. The "crisis" in psychology of that time, in Driesch's opinion, lies in the necessity to decide about "the road which psychology is to follow in the future". This necessity refers to five "critical points", namely (1) to develop the theory of psychic elements to a theory of meaning by phenomenological analysis, (2) the overcoming of association theory, (3) to acknowledge that the unconscious is a fact and a "normal" aspect of mental life, (4) to reject "psychomechanical parallelism" or any other epiphenomenalistic solution of the mind-body problem, and (5) the extension of psychical research to new facts as described by parapsychology, for instance. Driesch saw close parallels between the development of modern psychology and that of biology, namely in a theoretical shift from "sum-concepts" like association and mechanics, to "totality-concepts" like soul and entelechy. The German translation of 1926 was entitled Grundprobleme der Psychologie (Fundamental Problems of Psychology) while "the crisis in psychology" forms just the subtitle of this book. This underlines that Driesch's argumentation--in contrast to that of Buehler--dealt with ontological questions rather than with paradigms. PMID:22520194

Allesch, Christian G

2012-06-01

341

School Counselors and Psychological Aspects of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of some of the more common psychological theories and behavioral variables associated with learning disabilities. Reviews Adlerian Rational Emotive and behavioral and hypnotherapy approaches as intervention strategies for the counselor confronted with learning disabled students. (LLL)

Fahey, David A.

1984-01-01

342

Commonsense Psychology and the Functional Requirements of Cognitive Models.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper we argue that previous models of cognitive abilities (e.g. memory, analogy) have been constructed to satisfy functional requirements of implicit commonsense psychological theories held by researchers and nonresearchers alike. Rather than wor...

A. S. Gordon

2005-01-01

343

Semantique et psychologie (Semantics and Psychology)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Semantic activities constitute a sub-class of psychological activities; from this point of departure the article discusses such topics as: idiosyncrasies, meaning and causality, internal determinants, neo-associationism, componential theories, noun- and verb-formation, sentences and propositions, semantics and cognition, mnemesic compontents, and…

Le Ny, Jean-Francois

1975-01-01

344

RALPH G. BROCKETT Department of Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

of lectures on Learning Theory and Adult Psychology. Summer, 1999 Elmira College - Taught "Ethics of the Kellogg Center for Adult Learning Research. 9/82 - 8/84 Assistant Professor of Adult Education School program; served as assistant to the editor of Lifelong Learning: The Adult Years. 1/78 - 8/79 Project

Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

345

School of Philosophy, Psychology & Language Sciences,  

E-print Network

in Psychological Science, 16(2), 75-79. Diener, E., Lucas, R.E., & Scollon, C.N. (2006). Beyond the hedonic treadmill: Revising the adaptation theory of well-being. American Psychologist, 61(4), 305-314. Lucas, A

Edinburgh, University of

346

Critical Psychologies for Critical Health Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health education is largely informed by psychological theories and practices that pursue reductionist views of people learning. However, critical attention is moving to understand health in ways that reconsider relationships to context and the forms of life within which everyday living takes place. This shift is apparent in theoretical…

Corcoran, Tim

2014-01-01

347

Psychological Evaluation and Prescription Development Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed to aid children with learning difficulties, from mental retardation or brain injury to maladjustment or physical or environmental handicaps, the joint school services program provides psychological evaluation and prescription development. The handbook reviews theories of child development and surveys behavior modification and…

Vigo County School Corp., Terre Haute, IN.

348

Affective psychology in ancient writers after Aristotle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reviews the work of Greek writers, after Aristotle, in the area of affective psychology. Different doctrines, such as, Epicuranism and Stoicism, had different conception of human pleasure and pain. However, underlying all these doctrines was a practical interest in conducting human affairs. Ethical and metaphysical considerations guided the search. The utility of these early theories was that human nature was

H. N. Gardiner

1919-01-01

349

TRANSPERSONAL PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social workers in the 1990s are facing a postmodern world, with unique practice challenges in both the micro and macro levels of practice. Because psychological services are reactive, serving the clients that come out of a particular social context, different theories have emerged over time to address the ills of the day. Many of the practice challenges for social work

Au-Deane S. Cowley; David Derezotes

1994-01-01

350

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology  

E-print Network

. Problem-solving, critical thinking, and other analytical and statistical skills are emphasized throughout Psychology is a social-behavioral science and thus entails the scientific study of social, cognitive undergraduate coursework emphasizes scientific theory, terminology, research methodology, and empirical findings

Maxwell, Bruce D.

351

Psychological Intensities in Young Gifted Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Dabrowski's theory that sensitivity and intensity are characteristic of the psychological makeup of young gifted children was investigated in a qualitative study with five gifted children (ages 4 through 6). The study found the five overexcitabilities postulated by Dabrowski were manifested in the children's classroom and home behaviors. (DB)

Tucker, Brooke; Hafenstein, Norma Lu

1997-01-01

352

Can Evolution Explain How the Mind Works? A Review of the Evolutionary Psychology Debates  

E-print Network

Can Evolution Explain How the Mind Works? A Review of the Evolutionary Psychology Debates Melanie sense without evolution, the same should be said for the behavior and thinking patterns--the psychology would one day explain not only the biological world but the psychological; that due to his theory

Mitchell, Melanie

353

Running head: THE EVOLUTION OF VIOLENCE 1 [in press, Review of General Psychology, November 2011  

E-print Network

Running head: THE EVOLUTION OF VIOLENCE 1 [in press, Review of General Psychology, November 2011 University #12;THE EVOLUTION OF VIOLENCE 2 Abstract We review and discuss the evolutionary psychological primer on evolutionary psychology, describing the basic tenets of the field. The theories of sexual

Watson, Paul J.

354

Evolutionary Psychology and Developmental Dynamics: Comment on Lickliter and Honeycutt (2003)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary psychology provides a cogent metatheory for psychological science. It has furnished compelling theories of major domains of human functioning, including mating, parenting, kinship, morality, cooperation, conflict, aggression, and aesthetics. It has produced hundreds of empirical discoveries missed entirely by prior psychologists. Developmental dynamics, properly conceived, can add to the theoretical foundation of evolutionary psychology. But it has not provided

David M. Buss; H. Kern Reeve

2003-01-01

355

A Tale of Two Visions: Can a New View of Personality Help Integrate Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personality psychology studies how psychological systems work together. Consequently, the field can act as a unifying resource for the broader discipline of psychology. Yet personality's current fieldwide organization promotes a fragmented view of the person, seen through such competing theories as the psychodynamic, trait, and humanistic. There…

Mayer, John D.

2005-01-01

356

Journal of Environmental Psychology (1988) 8, 149-157 CLASSROOM SEATING LOCATION AND ITS EFFECT ON  

E-print Network

Journal of Environmental Psychology (1988) 8, 149-157 CLASSROOM SEATING LOCATION AND ITS EFFECT to theories about the influence of spatial variables on psychological variables in general; it is also ON COURSE ACHIEVEMENT, PARTICIPATION, AND ATTITUDES DANIEL R. MONTELLO Department of Psychology, Arizona

Montello, Daniel R.

357

Cultural Psychology and the Art of Life: Some Thoughts on the Work of Ernst E. Boesch  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this commentary is to explore what Ernst Boesch's thinking has to offer to succeeding generations of psychologists and to ask where current psychological theory building suggests potentially fruitful complementation. To reach these two goals first some of the central features of Boesch's approach to psychology are highlighted. Second, research examples from current psychological research are presented which

Ursula M. Staudinger

1997-01-01

358

Subject to Change 1 Social Psychology PSY 456 / Winter 2009 / CRN 25983  

E-print Network

predict how and why everyday social psychology theories will be wrong. This class promotes respectSubject to Change 1 Social Psychology ­ PSY 456 / Winter 2009 / CRN 25983 Monday/Wednesday 2:00 ­ 3:15 & by appt. Required Texts: Aronson, E., Wilson, T. D., & Akert, R. M. (2007). Social Psychology (6th ed

Lockery, Shawn

359

PSYCHOLOGY AND THE LIMITS TO PRISON PAIN: Confronting the Coming Crisis in Eighth Amendment Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the nexus between modern psychological theory (especially contextual or situational models of behavior), contemporary prison policy, and the legal concept of cruel and unusual punishment. It briefly reviews the history of imprisonment in the United States and the role of psychology in the development of prison punishment. An analysis of research on the psychological effects of imprisonment

Craig Haney

1997-01-01

360

The relations of educational psychology with general psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Closer cooperation and communication are needed between the teachers of general psychology, educational psychology, and education. Curricular revisions are necessary to bring general and educational psychology courses to the point where they will supplement each other. Educational psychology may be a middle-point of transition between systematic psychology and education in the schools.

William F. Bruce

1949-01-01

361

Course Syllabus Table of Contents Psychology 320: Online Health Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Course Syllabus Table of Contents Psychology 320: Online Health Psychology Summer, 2011 Table-800-500-1554 or (517) 355-2345 Help is available 24/7 ! Course Syllabus* Psychology 320 Online Health Psychology Summer is designed to introduce students to the field of Health Psychology. This is an accelerated upper divisi

Liu, Taosheng

362

Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology &  

E-print Network

Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology & Behavioral Medicine ! PSYC or NRSC 360 ! Syllabus ! Introductions ! Today: ! What is Health Psychology? #12;WHAT IS HEALTH? #12;World Health. ! This state of optimum health is called "wellness" #12;What is Health Psychology? ! Health Psychology

Meagher, Mary

363

Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology &  

E-print Network

Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology & Behavioral Medicine Psyc 360 Dr. Meagher (Ma-har) Syllabus Today: What is Health Psychology? #12;Definition of Health Psychology Health is called "wellness" #12;Four Areas of Focus in Health Psychology 1. Health promotion and maintenance 2

Meagher, Mary

364

Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology &  

E-print Network

Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology & Behavioral Medicine PSYC or NRSC 630 Syllabus Introductions Today: What is Health Psychology? #12;WHAT IS HEALTH? #12;World Health. This state of optimum health is called "wellness" #12;What is Health Psychology? Health Psychology

Meagher, Mary

365

MSc in Psychological Research 2011/12 PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH  

E-print Network

MSc in Psychological Research 2011/12 1 MSc/Dip in PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2011/2012 Programme Code: PTMSCPSYRM Programme Director: Robert McIntosh Psychology School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences University of Edinburgh #12;MSc in Psychological Research 2011/12 2 MSc

Edinburgh, University of

366

Optimum Transfer Guide: Psychology Why Psychology at Texas Tech?  

E-print Network

, Cognitive/ Applied Cognitive Psychology, and Human Factors (accredited by the Human Factors and Ergonomics of the department (806) 742.0876 cctr@ttu.edu www.cctr.ttu.edu comprises programs in applied cognitive psychologyOptimum Transfer Guide: Psychology Why Psychology at Texas Tech? The Department of Psychology

Gelfond, Michael

367

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325)  

E-print Network

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325) Outline The `Psychology and Lecturers aim to give a detailed picture of the various work within Psychology and the career/training options available. These are run in conjunction with the Welsh Branch of the British Psychological Society

Harman, Neal.A.

368

The Department of Psychology A Path into Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

The Department of Psychology Presents A Path into Clinical Psychology Tuesday, March 18, 2014 5 students and faculty in the field of clinical psychology. Panel experts will discuss the following: What is Clinical Psychology Differences between Counseling & Clinical Psychology Differences between degrees (e

Liu, Taosheng

369

Positive Psychology: Considerations and Implications for Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why has the specialty of counseling psychology been overlooked in the larger conversation about positive psychology? Is it reasonable that counseling psychology claims positive psychology as its own? What are some of the problems in defining "positive psychology," and how does the lack of consensus around operationalization thwart discourse on…

Mollen, Debra; Ethington, Lanaya L.; Ridley, Charles R.

2006-01-01

370

Child development and evolutionary psychology  

E-print Network

Evolutionary developmental psychology involves the expression of evolved, epigenetic programs, as described by the developmental systems approach, over the course of ontogeny. There have been different selection pressures on organisms at different times in ontogeny, and some characteristics of infants and children were selected in evolution to serve an adaptive function at that time in their life history rather than to prepare individuals for later adulthood. Examples of such adaptive functions of immaturity are provided from infancy, play, and cognitive development. Most evolved psychological mechanisms are proposed to be domain specific in nature and have been identified for various aspects of children’s cognitive and social development, most notably for the acquisition of language and for theory of mind. Differences in the quality and quantity of parental investment affect children’s development and influence their subsequent reproductive and childcare strategies. Some sex differences observed in childhood, particularly as expressed during play, are seen as antecedents and preparations for adult sex differences. Because evolved mechanisms were adaptive to ancestral environments, they are not always adaptive for contemporary people, and this mismatch of evolved mechanisms with modern environments is seen in children’s maladjustment to some aspects of formal schooling. We argue that an evolutionary perspective can be valuable for developing a better understanding of human ontogeny in contemporary society and that a developmental perspective is important for a better understanding of evolutionary psychology.

David F. Bjorklund; Anthony D. Pellegrini

2000-01-01

371

Child development and evolutionary psychology.  

PubMed

Evolutionary developmental psychology involves the expression of evolved, epigenetic programs, as described by the developmental systems approach, over the course of ontogeny. There have been different selection pressures on organisms at different times in ontogeny, and some characteristics of infants and children were selected in evolution to serve an adaptive function at that time in their life history rather than to prepare individuals for later adulthood. Examples of such adaptive functions of immaturity are provided from infancy, play, and cognitive development. Most evolved psychological mechanisms are proposed to be domain specific in nature and have been identified for various aspects of children's cognitive and social development, most notably for the acquisition of language and for theory of mind. Differences in the quality and quantity of parental investment affect children's development and influence their subsequent reproductive and childcare strategies. Some sex differences observed in childhood, particularly as expressed during play, are seen as antecedents and preparations for adult sex differences. Because evolved mechanisms were adaptive to ancestral environments, they are not always adaptive for contemporary people, and this mismatch of evolved mechanisms with modern environments is seen in children's maladjustment to some aspects of formal schooling. We argue that an evolutionary perspective can be valuable for developing a better understanding of human ontogeny in contemporary society and that a developmental perspective is important for a better understanding of evolutionary psychology. PMID:11194266

Bjorklund, D F; Pellegrini, A D

2000-01-01

372

Mental traits as fitness indicators. Expanding evolutionary psychology's adaptationism.  

PubMed

According to most evolutionary psychologists, human psychological adaptations can be recognized by criteria such as high efficiency, high complexity, high modularity, low phenotypic variance, low genotypic variance, low heritability, universality across cultures, and universality across individuals. These criteria are appropriate for adaptations that have been shaped through stabilizing selection for survival utility. However, they are often inappropriate for adaptations that have been shaped by sexual selection through mate choice as reliable signals of heritable fitness. If some psychological adaptations evolved as sexually selected fitness indicators of this type, we should expect them to violate many standard criteria used by evolutionary psychology to distinguish adaptations from non-adaptations. This paper addresses the problems raised by new developments in sexual selection theory and animal signaling theory for evolutionary psychology's adaptationism. It suggests that our adaptationist criteria must recognize two typical kinds of psychological adaptations: naturally selected survival mechanisms and sexually selected fitness indicators. PMID:10818621

Miller, G

2000-04-01

373

Psychology of Religion Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed and maintained by Professor Michael E. Nielsen of the Psychology Department at Georgia Southern University, this site offers numerous resources for people interested in psychological aspects of religious belief and behavior. The site is designed as an introduction to the psychology of religion, rather than a comprehensive treatment. Resources are grouped into three main categories: general resource pages, science and religion pages, and pages devoted to new religious movements. Contents include notable people in the psychology of religion; a bibliography; course syllabi; journal TOCs; essays on the field, on science and religion, and on several aspects of new religious movements; and related links.

Nielsen, Michael E.

1998-01-01

374

Categorization Theory and Research in Consumer Psychology  

E-print Network

features of MP3 players, for example, that MP3 play ers store music efficiently, are small in size different category (microwave pop corn) than prior existing members of the category (macaroni and cheese, Raman, & Mantrala, 1994), cultural categories (Aaker & Lee, 2001; Briley & Wyer, 2002), product user

Barsalou, Lawrence W.

375

INTRODUCTION Psychological theories and recent imaging  

E-print Network

stimulus. � The only brain regions that seem specific for nociception appear to be the thalamus and basal and include bilateral thalamus and basal ganglia in addition to the most anterior part to insula and m somatosensory, and posterior parietal regions. Bilateral thalamus and basal ganglia were only active during pain

Apkarian, A. Vania

376

[Psychological theories and treatments of erectile impotence].  

PubMed

The conceptual inaccuracies and the diagnostic difficulties encountered in the study of erectile impotence are underlined by the author. After a review and critique of the psychoanalytical and behavioral trends, of the "new sex therapy" and of cognitivism, the therapeutic methods which derive from these concepts are compared with each other. A particular attention is devoted to anxiety since its definition and prevalence varies considerably in the literature despite a misleading superficial similarity. PMID:3893044

Mormont, C

1985-01-01

377

Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy  

E-print Network

] activation and cortisol) in women with CSA (N 136) and without CSA histories (NSA, N 102). In CSA survivors, cortisol response to sexual stimuli did not significantly predict sexual functioning; however, in NSA women stimuli predicted higher sexual functioning in NSA women with low lifetime exposure to traumatic events

Meston, Cindy

378

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology  

E-print Network

and Cognitive Robotics Our School An approach to psychology Psychology is often defined as the studyUndergraduate Programmes School of Psychology We are one of the UK's strongest Psychology as being `internationally excellent', third in the UK. Head of School of Psychology Create impact. #12

Miall, Chris

379

Clinical Psychology Unit November 2011  

E-print Network

Clinical Psychology Unit Annual Report November 2011 Department of Psychology Faculty of Science details the major activities of the Clinical Psychology Unit. This includes the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology (DClin Psy), the Diploma in High Intensity Psychological Interventions (Dip HP), the Certificate

Li, Yi

380

Clinical Psychology Unit December 2012  

E-print Network

Clinical Psychology Unit Annual Report December 2012 Department of Psychology Faculty of Science INTRODUCTION This report details the major activities of the Clinical Psychology Unit. This includes the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology (DClin Psy), the Diploma in High Intensity Psychological Interventions (Dip

Stone, J. V.

381

Clinical Psychology Unit November 2013  

E-print Network

Clinical Psychology Unit Annual Report November 2013 Department of Psychology Faculty of Science INTRODUCTION This report details the major activities of the Clinical Psychology Unit. This includes the Doctorate in Clinical Psychology (DClin Psy), the Diploma in High Intensity Psychological Interventions (Dip

Stone, J. V.

382

Department of Psychology Handbook 2014  

E-print Network

2014 Department of Psychology Handbook 2014 College of Science Science Reveal. #12;Contents 3 Welcome 4 What is Psychology 5 Including Psychology in your degree 6 Enrolment, Planning & Changes 7 in Applied Psychology Courses 35 Clinical Psychology Programme 37 General Postgraduate Information 39

Hickman, Mark

383

ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST FOR INTERNSHIP Psychology 686: Internship in School Psychology  

E-print Network

ACTIVITIES CHECKLIST FOR INTERNSHIP Psychology 686: Internship in School Psychology Millersville University Department of Psychology Name of Intern _________________________________ The following activities: Prevention, Crisis Intervention, and Mental Health Domain 8: Home/School/Community Collaboration Domain 9

Hardy, Christopher R.

384

Graduate Programs in Psychology The psychology department offers courses of  

E-print Network

, community psychology, or clinical psychology. Students in the doctoral program can be awarded the master department by December 1 for the clinical psychology program, and January 15 for the community and human

385

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2014  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2014 Lecture Instructors: Robin Hertz, M such as t-tests, chi-square, and ANOVA. Course Books Required Book: Morling, B. (2012). Research methods, Research Methods in Psychology, is an excellent

Lockery, Shawn

386

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013  

E-print Network

1 PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013 Methods) learn a variety of statistical terms and procedures. To successfully LIBRARY COMPUTERS. OVERVIEW Students of Psychology 302 (Statistical

Lockery, Shawn

387

American Psychological Association Division 20 Undergraduate Syllabi  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by the American Psychological Association (APA) Adult Development and Aging division, this site contains twenty-six syllabi from undergraduate courses taught throughout the United States. Course topics include theory and research in adult development, the psychology of aging, and gerontology. The syllabi contain course descriptions, reading lists, assignments, and project descriptions. Helpful for those who teach adult development and aging courses at the undergraduate level, this site can be used in order to keep abreast of what peers are teaching their students, the methods of student learning evaluation they employ, and what literature is being discussed.

2006-11-17

388

Attempting Measurement of Psychological Attributes  

PubMed Central

Measures of psychological attributes abound in the social sciences as much as measures of physical properties do in the physical sciences. However, there are crucial differences between the scientific underpinning of measurement. While measurement in the physical sciences is supported by empirical evidence that demonstrates the quantitative nature of the property assessed, measurement in the social sciences is, in large part, made possible only by a vague, discretionary definition of measurement that places hardly any restrictions on empirical data. Traditional psychometric analyses fail to address the requirements of measurement as defined more rigorously in the physical sciences. The construct definitions do not allow for testable predictions; and content validity becomes a matter of highly subjective judgment. In order to improve measurement of psychological attributes, it is suggested to, first, readopt the definition of measurement in the physical sciences; second, to devise an elaborate theory of the construct to be measured that includes the hypothesis of a quantitative attribute; and third, to test the data for the structure implied by the hypothesis of quantity as well as predictions derived from the theory of the construct. PMID:23550264

Salzberger, Thomas

2013-01-01

389

Malcolm Knowles' Theory of Andragogy: A Critique.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author suggests that Knowles's concept of andragogy offers a philosophical position rather than a unified theory of adult learning. She examines weaknesses of the theory and discusses it in relation to humanistic psychology and existentialism. (SK)

Hartree, Anne

1984-01-01

390

Theory knitting: An integrative approach to theory development  

Microsoft Academic Search

A close scrutiny of the psychological literature reveals that many psychologists favor a ‘segregative’ approach to theory development. One theory is pitted against another, and the one that accounts for the data most successfully is deemed the theory of choice. However, an examination of the theoretical debates in which the segregative approach has been pursued reveals a variety of weaknesses

David A. Kalmar; Robert J. Sternberg

1988-01-01

391

From ethics of care to psychology of care: reconnecting ethics of care to contemporary moral psychology  

PubMed Central

Moral psychology once regarded ethics of care as a promising theory. However, there is evidence to suggest that nowadays moral psychology completely ignores ethics of care’s various insights. Moreover, ethics of care’s core concepts – compassion, dependence, and the importance of early relations to moral development– are no longer considered to be relevant to the development of new theories in the field. In this paper, I will firstly discuss some of the reasons which, over recent years, have contributed to the marginalization of the role of ethics of care in moral psychology. Next, I will show that ethics of care’s most promising idea centered on the care given to an infant and the importance of that care to the development of moral thinking. In this context, I will be describing the implications of John Bowlby’s attachment theories, infant research, findings in moral psychology and neuroscience. I will argue that ethics of care needs to be radically re-thought and replaced by a psychology of care, an attachment approach to moral judgment, which would establish the centrality of the caregiver’s role in moral development. The philosophical implications of this approach to the understanding of the “rationalists” and “intuitionists” debate about the true nature of moral judgment is also discussed. PMID:25368588

Govrin, Aner

2014-01-01

392

Clinical Psychology Program Department of Psychology, Marquette University  

E-print Network

-3. ___ Froedtert Neuropsych--Adult ___ Froedtert Trauma/Health ___ Froedtert Neuropsych--Child/PINT ___ RogersClinical Psychology Program Department of Psychology, Marquette University Request to Attend

Sanders, Matthew

393

Genetics and Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major changes in developmental psychology during the past 50 years has been the acceptance of the important role of nature (genetics) as well as nurture (environment). Past research consisting of twin and adoption studies has shown that genetic influence is substantial for most domains of developmental psychology. Present research…

Plomin, Robert

2004-01-01

394

Psychologism and Instructional Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little of the work in critical and hermeneutical psychology has been linked to instructional technology (IT). This article provides a discussion in order to fill the gap in this direction. The article presents a brief genealogy of American IT in relation to the influence of psychology. It also provides a critical and hermeneutical framework for…

Gur, Bekir S.; Wiley, David A.

2009-01-01

395

Journal of Abnormal Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is reprinted from the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1965, 70, 1. The Journal of Abnormal Psychology will give priority to articles on problems related to abnormal behavior, broadly defined. The Journal's interests thus include the following: (a) psychopathology--its development or acquisition, its treatment or remission, and its symptomatology and course; (b) normal processes in abnormal individuals; (c) pathological

Howard F. Hunt; William N. Thetford

1965-01-01

396

Respecialization in clinical psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveyed 371 departments that offer graduate programs in psychology to determine their current respecialization efforts. Program directors from 43 departments indicated that they are currently involved in respecialization efforts, 26 of these in clinical psychology. A 2nd questionnaire was sent to the 149 students identified as having been involved in clinical respecialization, and responses were received from 65. Results show

George Stricker; James W. Hull; Jan Woodring

1984-01-01

397

Clinical Psychology in India  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scientific Psychology in India has seen steady development since its inception in the early 1900s. With clinical psychology developing as an independent profession, clinical psychologists have been functioning in various roles, offering a wide range of services in consultation, training, research, and private practice on multidisciplinary teams as well as in independent practice. This paper focuses on the historical roots

P. S. D. V. Prasadarao; Paulomi Matam Sudhir

2001-01-01

398

The Psychology of Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this chapter I will try to provide a brief overview of the concepts and techniques that are most widely used in the psychology of memory. Although it may not appear to be the case from sampling the literature, there is in fact a great deal of agreement as to what constitutes the psychology of memory, much of it developed

Alan D. Baddeley

1976-01-01

399

A History of Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Any study of the history of psychology must first determine what is to be considered psychology, whether to stick to the relatively continuous Western tradition or to include others (e.g., Eastern, Oriental), and whether to investigate the impact of the socio-cultural events of the time on the views of that period or consider those views in a…

Brown, Evan L.

400

Psychology for Economists  

Microsoft Academic Search

Orthodox economics focuses on the analysis of the way the economic force or motivation operates, thereby abstracting from the functioning of other primary forces or motivations, such as the social and the psychic motivation. By assuming perfect rationality psychic problems are ignored. This text discusses six approaches in psychology . cognitive, behaviourist, biological, psychodynamic, humanistic and social psychology - to

Piet Keizer

2010-01-01

401

Psychology and chronic pain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article will explore some specific psychological responses to pain and outline the historical developments that have led to current treatments. The recognition and treatment of maladaptive psychological responses to pain can lessen distress and the progression of chronic pain states.

Jennifer K. Dietrich

2011-01-01

402

Teaching Anomalistic Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses need for anomalistic psychology courses (the occult, astrology, ESP, or those phenomena inexplicable in terms of orthodox science) in the college psychology curriculum. A study of an anomalistics course indicates that student belief in the paranormal was associated with greater learning which was then followed by significant reductions…

Jones, Warren; Zusne, Leonard

1981-01-01

403

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Article  

E-print Network

of what makes a face attractive is currently the subject of a lively debate. What standards of beauty doPSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Article 558 Copyright © 2003 American Psychological Society VOL. 14 people have, and what sets those standards? Traits that contribute to attractiveness include symmetry

Nakayama, Ken

404

The Psychology of Globalization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the influence of globalization on psychological functioning, describing globalization worldwide and its psychological consequences. Notes that most people now develop bicultural identities that combine local identity with global culture-related identity. Identity confusion is increasing among young people in non-western cultures because…

Arnett, Jeffrey Jensen

2002-01-01

405

Psychological Dynamics of Sport.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a comprehensive review of the branch of sport and exercise science that focuses on the psychological aspects of human behavior. Part I presents a general orientation to the field, including an introduction and description of sport psychology and a discussion of the history and current status of the field. Individual differences…

Gill, Diane L.

406

Mechanisms and Psychological Explanation  

Microsoft Academic Search

As much as assumptions about mechanisms and mechanistic explanation have deeply affected psychology, they have received disproportionately little analysis in philosophy. After a historical survey of the influences of mechanistic approaches to explanation of psychological phenomena, we specify the nature of mechanisms and mechanistic explanation. Contrary to some treatments of mechanistic explanation, we maintain that explanation is an epistemic activity

Cory Wright; William Bechtel

407

Linguistics and psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

1. GOALS Since the early sixties, the received view among generative grammarians has been that linguistics is a branch of cognitive psychology. On this view, grammars constructed by linguists are hypotheses about psychologically real rules which are responsible for speakers' linguistic abilities and which are causally involved in the production of (some significant portion of) their linguistic behavior. Universal grammar

Scott Soames

1984-01-01

408

Space Psychology and Psychiatry  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book deals with psychological, psychiatric, and psychosocial issues that affect people who live and work in space. Unlike other books that focus on anecdotal reports and ground-based simulation studies, this book emphasizes the findings from psychological research conducted during actual space missions. Both authors have been active in such research. What is presented in this readable text has previously

N. Kanas; D. Manzey

2003-01-01

409

Clemson University Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Clemson University Department of Psychology ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Psychology Undergraduate Handbook 2014-2015 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Dr. Pamela Alley www.clemson.edu/psych #12;2 Table of Contents Section I: Psychology Department 4

Duchowski, Andrew T.

410

Avian psychology and communication.  

PubMed Central

The evolution of animal communication is a complex issue and one that attracts much research and debate. 'Receiver psychology' has been highlighted as a potential selective force, and we review how avian psychological processes and biases can influence the evolution and design of signals as well as the progress that has been made in testing these ideas in behavioural studies. Interestingly, although birds are a focal group for experimental psychologists and behavioural ecologists alike, the integration of theoretical ideas from psychology into studies of communication has been relatively slow. However, recent operant experiments are starting to address how birds perceive and respond to complex natural signals in an attempt to answer evolutionary problems in communication. This review outlines how a psychological approach to understanding communication is useful, and we hope that it stimulates further research addressing the role of psychological mechanisms in signal evolution. PMID:15306314

Rowe, Candy; Skelhorn, John

2004-01-01

411

Online Psychology Laboratory (OPL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Online Psychology Laboratory (OPL) consists of (1) highly interactive, web-deliverable psychology experiments and demonstrations, (2) a cumulative data archive from which students can retrieve datasets for analysis, and (3) user-controlled data extraction and analysis tools designed for the diverse needs of end users. One of the goals of the collection is to offer support for student research and educators who are not adept in experimental design and data analysis. Psychology students will be able to collect data, analyze data, and report their findings for class assignments or individual projects. Because psychology is allied to many disciplines--biology, sociology, and political science among them--OPL will contribute to the set of experiments available to students who wish to study psychologically-based issues in related scientific disciplines.

2006-03-08

412

Acculturative Strategies and the Psychological Adaptation of Brazilian Migrants to Japan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Acculturative theory proposes 4 psychological strategies available to immigrants: integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization (J. W. Berry, 1997). Theory and research link positive psychological outcomes with integration; however, this work has largely focused on Western multicultural societies. The present study uses online techniques to gather acculturative information from 321 Brazilian immigrants to Japan to address this oversight. Using k-means and

Krista Maywalt Scottham; Rodrigo Hitoshi Dias

2010-01-01

413

The Ecological-Systems Approach in Community Psychology: Four Implications for Program Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of systems terms and ecological concepts is increasingly common in psychology, and in particular, community psychology. Interest in systems theory began with the development of general systems theory during the 1950's, and led to the adoption of an ecological-systems orientation which recognized the environment as a major determinant of…

Campbell, David E.; And Others

414

State of the Art---Encoding Subjective Probabilities: A Psychological and Psychometric Review  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to review the empirical literature on subjective probability encoding from a psychological and psychometric perspective, it is first suggested that the usual encoding techniques can be regarded as instances of the general methods used to scale psychological variables. It is then shown that well-established concepts and theories from measurement and psychometric theory can provide a general framework for

Thomas S. Wallsten; David V. Budescu

1983-01-01

415

Psychology and Anthropology: Intersubjectivity and Epistemology in an Interpretive Cultural Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychology has been a deductive science where theory and hypotheses precede investigation of new knowledge. Data inform theory which then leads to more refined hypotheses. The recent move toward a cultural psychology calls for an unfurling of this perspective. This involves consideration of an epistemology at the core of anthropology, a shift toward first-person points of view, where ethnography is

Michael J. Kral

2007-01-01

416

The Great Struggles of Life: Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Darwin envisioned a scientific revolution for psychology. His theories of natural and sexual selection identified two classes of struggles--the struggle for existence and the struggle for mates. The emergence of evolutionary psychology and related disciplines signals the fulfillment of Darwin's vision. Natural selection theory guides scientists to…

Buss, David M.

2009-01-01

417

Mean(ing) to Me: A Symbolic Interactionist Approach to Aggression in Sport Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the large amount of research on aggression in sport psychology, the underlying dynamics of how aggression functions in sport are not well-understood. This paper uses developments in symbolic interactionism (Blumer, 1966; Mead, 1934) to extend positivist forms of conceptualizing and theorizing about aggression (e.g., social learning theory, moral reasoning theory) within the sport psychology aggression literature. We further suggest

Shannon M. Baird; Kerry R. McGannon

2009-01-01

418

Arnold's Theory of Emotion in Historical Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magda B. Arnold's theory of emotion is examined from three historical viewpoints. First, I look backward from Arnold to precursors of her theory of emotion in 19th century introspectionist psychology and in classical evolutionary psychology. I try to show that Arnold can be regarded as belonging intellectually to the cognitive tradition of emotion theorizing that originated in Brentano and his

Rainer Reisenzein

419

Arnold's theory of emotion in historical perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magda B. Arnold's theory of emotion is examined from three historical viewpoints. First, I look backward from Arnold to precursors of her theory of emotion in 19th century introspectionist psychology and in classical evolutionary psychology. I try to show that Arnold can be regarded as belonging intellectually to the cognitive tradition of emotion theorising that originated in Brentano and his

Rainer Reisenzein

2006-01-01

420

Teaching Personality Theories Using Popular Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previously, psychology instructors have used popular music to illustrate psychological concepts in the classroom. In this study, students enrolled in a personality theories class heard 13 popular songs that demonstrated various concepts. Students then selected and analyzed their own songs that contained elements of personality theories. Test…

Leck, Kira

2006-01-01

421

Ethnopsychologies: Cultural Variations in Theories of Mind  

Microsoft Academic Search

A set of basic beliefs about others’ minds and behavior, referred to as folk psychology or theory of mind, is often discussed as if it were the same the world over. Yet, certainly variation in folk psychology exists. This article compares several aspects of European American theory of mind with other cultural models, as suggested by experiments and ethnographies, with

Angeline Lillard

1998-01-01

422

Contributions of psychology to war and peace.  

PubMed

The contributions of American psychologists to war have been substantial and responsive to changes in U.S. national security threats and interests for nearly 100 years. These contributions are identified and discussed for four periods of armed conflict: World Wars I and II, the Cold War, and the Global War on Terror. In contrast, about 50 years ago, largely in reaction to the threat of nuclear war, some psychologists in the United States and around the world broke with the tradition of supporting war and began focusing their scholarship and activism on the prevention of war and promotion of peace. Today, peace psychology is a vibrant area of psychology, with theory and practice aimed at understanding, preventing, and mitigating both episodes of organized violence and the pernicious worldwide problem of structural violence. The growth, scope, and content of peace psychology are reviewed along with contributions to policies that promote peace, social justice, and human well-being. PMID:24128314

Christie, Daniel J; Montiel, Cristina J

2013-10-01

423

Enhancing Placebo Effects: Insights From Social Psychology  

PubMed Central

Placebo effects are widely recognized as having a potent impact upon treatment outcomes in both medical and psychological interventions, including hypnosis. In research utilizing randomized clinical trials, there is usually an effort to minimize or control placebo effects. However, in clinical practice there may be significant benefits in enhancing placebo effects. Prior research from the field of social psychology has identified three factors that may enhance placebo effects, namely: priming, client perceptions, and the theory of planned behavior. These factors are reviewed and illustrated via a case example. The consideration of social-psychological factors to enhance positive expectancies and beliefs has implications for clinical practice as well as future research into hypnotic interventions. PMID:23488251

SLIWINSKI, JIM; ELKINS, GARY R.

2012-01-01

424

Adolescents and the Media: Medical and Psychological Impact. Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, Volume 33.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aimed at primary care physicians and nurses, educators, and parents, this book reviews media effects on adolescent behavior and psychology. The book notes that television is a powerful medium to which adolescents are uniquely susceptible and how studies have shown television's ability to shape social attitudes. Theories of how television affects…

Strasburger, Victor C.

425

Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog Psychology (PSY)  

E-print Network

-understanding and interpersonal effectiveness. PSY 250 introduction to PSYcHologY (3) Theories, research and applications. Satisfies GE, category D1 (Individual and Society). PSY 260 Sexual identitieS (3) Explores lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered identifies across the lifespan. Topics include the complexities of sexual

Ravikumar, B.

426

School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel,  

E-print Network

with Psychological Research. Students complete a substantial literature based review which will form their research review of psychological literature. Careers A wide range of careers are open to students graduatingSchool of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel, behave and interact with each

Miall, Chris

427

Counseling Psychology Handbook Page 1 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

Counseling Psychology Handbook Page 1 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM STUDENT HANDBOOK 2013-2014 #12;Counseling Psychology Handbook Page 2 Note: To go to a specific section. Selection of a Dissertation Committee 8. Annual Review of Students 9. Counseling Program Registration

Zhang, Yuanlin

428

Psychology 15: Social Psychology Spring, 2012 Joshua Greene  

E-print Network

-16 Crowds 14 4-18 Popular Delusions 5 4-23 Movie TBA 4-25 Social Psychology Rules TBA Exam Review TBA Exam 3Psychology 15: Social Psychology Spring, 2012 Joshua Greene M, W, 1­2:30, Sci Center D 1480 William of the mind in social life, the nature of social interaction, and the application of psychology to social

Wolfe, Patrick J.

429

Incorporating positive psychology content and applications into various psychology courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Courses devoted to the subject of positive psychology are becoming more common in colleges and universities throughout the United States and beyond, however, there are still many schools that do not have a positive psychology course as part of the psychology curriculum. This article was designed for instructors in such settings who desire to teach positive psychology, but do not

Jeana L. Magyar-Moe

2011-01-01

430

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour?  

E-print Network

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour? Psychology, Neuroscience prepared for pursuing postgraduate training and careers in science, medicine and related health fields, speech pathology, clinical psychology, and the business world. HERE'S A QUICK LOOK AT THE PROGRAMS

Haykin, Simon

431

University Psychology Students Having Had Psychology in High School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Does a high school course in psychology influence students to take further work in the subject? Is high school psychology of assistance to those who take psychology in a university? In an attempt to answer these questions, 13 university departments of psychology (Denver, Florida State, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Purdue, Southern California, Texas, Vermont) were

T. L. Engle

1958-01-01

432

Questionnaire for Seniors Majoring in General Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Biopsychology,  

E-print Network

1 Questionnaire for Seniors Majoring in General Psychology, Clinical Psychology, Biopsychology, Engineering Psychology, or Cognitive & Brain Science Congratulations on (almost, at least) completing college and your major in Psychology. We would greatly appreciate your views on your experience with the major

Patel, Aniruddh D.

433

Computer Science and Psychology 1 Computer Science and Psychology  

E-print Network

the social science point of view, and at least one course in cognitive psychology or cognitive science listed in cognitive psychology or cognitive science may substitute for one of the courses in artificial intelligenceComputer Science and Psychology 1 Computer Science and Psychology Directors of undergraduate

434

Faculty of Biosciences, Pharmacy and Psychology Institute of Psychology I  

E-print Network

,,Function of Attention in Cognition" University of Leipzig Institute of Psychology I SeeburgstraÃ?e 14 for this position holds a degree in Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neurobiology or Neurolinguistics and hasFaculty of Biosciences, Pharmacy and Psychology Institute of Psychology I Research Training Group

Schüler, Axel

435

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology University of New Orleans College of Sciences New Orleans, LA With a Ph.D. in Applied Developmental Psychology from professional psychological services. Graduates from our program are currently in academic positions in higher

Kulp, Mark

436

Positive Psychology and Humanistic Psychology: A Reply to Seligman  

Microsoft Academic Search

Arguments in the current debate between “positive psychology” and humanistic psychology are reviewed with particular emphasis on Martin Seligman’s comment that humanistic psychologists do not represent “positive psychology” because they have generated no research tradition, are narcissistic, and are antiscientific. Each one of these claims is dispelled with specific references to the larger humanistic tradition in American psychology, which includes

Eugene Taylor

2001-01-01

437

Predicting Students' Performance in Introductory Psychology from their Psychology Misconceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students bring many misconceptions about psychology to the introductory psychology course. We investigated whether scores on a 10-item Knowledge of Psychology Test (adapted from Vaughan, 1977) taken on the first class day were related to final class grades in 11 introductory psychology classes taught by the same instructor at three colleges. A…

Kuhle, Barry X.; Barber, Jessica M.; Bristol, Adam S.

2009-01-01

438

BS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

or above. (Students can enroll in 500-level courses on a space-available basis.) The Psychology DepartmentBS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology For students entering the degree requires a minimum of 23 hours of psychology major credit to be taken in residence at BYU for this degree

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

439

Leadership of Education Psychological Services: Fit for Purpose?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time of great change for educational psychology services in England, this paper reviews current theories of leadership and proposes how an integration of key aspects of these can be applied to support a self review of leadership practice, both by individual leaders and by services. The message from current theory is that in the midst of…

Booker, Roger

2013-01-01

440

A synthesis of psychological interventions for the bereaved  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several interventions have been implemented to address the adverse psychological and physical consequences associated with bereavement. In this review, we summarize four major theories of bereavement, present a qualitative review of bereavement intervention studies, and assess the overall effectiveness of bereavement intervention studies in a quantitative meta-analysis. Summaries of the theories are drawn from published theoretical works. The qualitative and

Pamela M Kato; Traci Mann

1999-01-01

441

Modern Psychology and Ancient Heresy: The Rebirth of Pelagianism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychology has advanced from the naive application of animal behaviorism to humans, to an understanding that this simple deterministic model undervalues the mind of man. Modern theories recognize the importance of cognition, but fail to integrate all of the dimensions of man in their descriptions of him. These theories, like Pelagianism, interpret man's development in terms of learning and imitation

Gerald E. DeMauro; Deacon Voorheesville

442

A Cultural-Psychological Analysis of Emotions1  

Microsoft Academic Search

I argue that an activity theory --which regards emotions as interdependent and interpenetrating with other cultural phenomena-- is central for the cultural psychology of emotions. Activity theory maintains that the cultural characteristics, development, and functions of emotions are shaped by social activities and cultural concepts. I explain the relation of biological to cultural factors in shaping the characteristics and development

Carl Ratner

2006-01-01

443

Psychological reaction to perceived erasure of community boundaries.  

PubMed

The reaction of residents of a small district in the Northeast of England to the perceived compromising of existing community boundaries was examined in the light of Tajfel and Turner's (1986) social identity theory. Social identity theory was found to provide a useful framework for explaining specific psychological reactions of residents and spokespersons to the perception of ingroup status inferiority. PMID:9200971

Puddifoot, J E

1997-06-01

444

Teaching an Undergraduate Course on the Psychology of Racism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes format and content for a seminar class about racism and psychological theories developed to explain its occurrence. Discusses the importance of having students evaluate theories and their supporting research, and the value of using multiple teaching methods to avert problems related to the sensitive nature of the subject. (DSK)

Khan, Saera R.

1999-01-01

445

Why Else Does Jenny Run? Young Children's Extended Psychological Explanations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A method for eliciting extended explanations was used to evaluate predictions from the "theory-theory" account of developing psychological reasoning. Children were repeatedly asked to explain the actions or emotions of story characters with false beliefs. Questioning elicited false belief attributions in half of 3-year-olds (Study 1, N = 16, age M…

Bartsch, Karen; Campbell, Michelle D.; Troseth, Georgene L.

2007-01-01

446

The Role of Affect in Cognitive Psychology and Psychoanalysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neither cognitive psychology nor psychoanalysis has developed a comprehensive theory of affects. Such a theory of affect, integrating conceptions derived from Arnold, Lazarus, Tornkins, Bowlby, and Langer, is outlined. Affect is viewed as the subjective experience of feed back appraisal processes operating as part of motivational systems. Quality and intensity of affect are determined by the characteristics of the underlying

Allan D. Rosenblatt

1985-01-01

447

Feeling close: emotional intensity reduces perceived psychological distance.  

PubMed

The results of 6 experiments indicate that emotional intensity reduces perceived psychological distance. People who described events emotionally rather than neutrally perceived those events as less psychologically distant, including embarrassing autobiographical events (Experiment 1), past and future dentist visits (Experiment 2), positive and negative events (Experiment 3), and a national tragedy (Experiment 6). People also perceived an event (dancing in front of an audience) as less psychologically distant when they were in a more emotionally arousing social role (of performer) than in a less emotionally arousing social role (of observer; Experiment 4). Two findings bolster the causal role of emotional intensity in reducing perceived psychological distance. First, reported emotional intensity was negatively correlated with perceived psychological distance and statistically mediated the effect of being in an emotionally arousing social role on perceived psychological distance (Experiment 4). Second, providing people with an alternative interpretation of their emotions (emotionally ambiguous whale songs) significantly reduced, even reversed, the negative correlation between self-reported emotional intensity and perceived psychological distance (Experiment 5). These findings about emotional intensity are consistent with the broader idea that perceived psychological distance is grounded in and influenced by the phenomenology of objective distance. Implications for theories of psychological distance, emotionality, and choice are discussed. PMID:20515244

Van Boven, Leaf; Kane, Joanne; McGraw, A Peter; Dale, Jeannette

2010-06-01

448

For additional information, contact: Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

, philosophy, health and human development, and many other disciplines. Psychology is a central discipline psychology, social psychology, learning, health and physiological psychology. Our M.S. research programFor additional information, contact: Department of Psychology Montana State University 325

Maxwell, Bruce D.

449

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology Director, Institute for Social Research. Jackson is the Daniel Katz Distinguished University Professor of Psychology, Profes- sor of Afroamerican Psychology, the American Psychological Association, the Association of Psychological Sciences, AAAS

Hill, Wendell T.

450

Can Psychology Ethics Effectively Be Integrated into Introductory Psychology?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study evaluated the integration of psychology ethics into an introductory psychology course. Students in two general\\u000a psychology sections were exposed to an infusion of psychology ethics in teaching, research, and clinical practice, whereas\\u000a students in two sections were exposed to traditional course content. Students completed a pre and post-test assessment including\\u000a a psychology ethics questionnaire and open-ended responses to

Renee’ A. Zucchero

2008-01-01

451

The cultural background of the non-academic concept of psychology in Japan: its implications for introductory education in psychology.  

PubMed

No research has empirically explored the non-academic concept of psychology itself (implicit theories) in non-Western cultures despite a widely held belief that this understanding differs cross-culturally. This study examined whether the non-academic concept of psychology among inexperienced Japanese students differed from the concept held by students of other countries. In Japanese, psychology is referred to as , which includes the ideographic character , literally meaning heart. This fact led us to hypothesize that psychology will be disproportionately associated with emotion among Japanese students. Indeed, our findings among Japanese students produced a J-curve, indicating that our prediction was true. We posit that this issue has never been discussed in Japan because a majority of people share this concept of psychology. In our second study, we examined not only preference in students' association of intelligence or emotion but also heart or mind with psychology. Finally, we identified whether students' believe that psychology encompasses both the heart and the mind. We conclude with a discussion of the importance of explicitly defining the non-academic concept of psychology in early psychology education in Japan. PMID:24821505

Ashitaka, Yuki; Shimada, Hiroyuki

2014-06-01

452

American Psychological Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Quick Links Accreditation Advocacy APA Style Center for Psychology and Health Continuing Education Convention Divisions Find a Psychologist Giving ... Early Career Psychologists Authors & Reviewers Employers Librarians Advertisers ... Health Ethics Learning & Memory Marriage & Divorce Personality Race Sexual ...

453

Teaching Clinical Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching Clinical Psychology, created by Dr. John Suler of Rider University, is devoted to �sharing ideas and resources for teaching clinical psychology.� Helpful for students and educators in the fields of mental health and human services counseling, this site contains practical in-class exercises, such as an exercise which illustrates what it is like to share secrets with strangers, and syllabi for courses in the clinical psychology curriculum. There are also larger projects for students, including an in-depth analysis of a psychotherapy case study and a role-play project which has students administer, score, and interpret a series of psychological tests given to a classmate.

Suler, John R., 1955-

2006-12-02

454

Operational Psychology Perspective  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This slide presentation reviews the history of long duration spaceflight, and the changes in the International Space Station crew and the effect that this has had on the psychology of astronaut selection and training.

Holland, Al

2009-01-01

455

Psychological Interventions in Dermatology  

PubMed Central

The objective of this paper is to introduce and emphasize the importance of psychological interventions for those with dermatological conditions. In keeping with the current literature, the author envisages a two-tier approach in the provision of such psychological interventions. Firstly, most patients with dermatology conditions may not require psychological change. Instead, they could be approached with effective doctor–patient communication skills, within a context of empathy and positive regard. At the second tier, however, based on the clinical interview, some patients may require varying degrees of psychological change in order to better manage their illness. In such a context, a dermatologist with training in psychotherapy would be required. In the absence of such a person, the patient may be referred to a psychologist or another mental health professional trained in psychotherapy. PMID:23372215

de Zoysa, Piyanjali

2013-01-01

456

Criminal Psychological Profiling.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Criminal psychological profiling is potentially one of the most innovative new techniques available to criminal investigators. However, profiling is viewed skeptically by many criminal justice practitioners and academicians, which has limited the use of t...

S. J. Moree

1993-01-01

457

Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333  

E-print Network

Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333 Spring 2008 Instructor Name: V. Robin Weersing, Ph of children and adolescents, including their diagnosis, etiology, and treatment. Emphasis is on empirical, course, and form of psychopathology in children and adolescents 2. Broadly classify abnormal behavior

Gallo, Linda C.

458

Monitor on Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published eleven times a year by the American Psychological Association, the Monitor on Psychology contains a number of helpful pieces for those persons interested in the broad field of psychology, and for those who may be thinking about going into the field as well. Each month features a number of helpful features, including a commentary from the APA's president, an update on psychology and public policy, discussion of ethical practices, and an editorial from a working professional in the field. Each month the publication also contains a number of extended articles on such topics as personality disorders, the importance of psychologists' in troubled schools, and the role of psychologists in homeland security. Visitors to the site also have access to an archive of previous issues that stretches back to January 1998.

459

"Jeopardy" in Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of the board game, Jeopardy, in a college level abnormal psychology course. Finds increased student interaction and improved application of information. Reports generally favorable student evaluation of the technique. (CFR)

Keutzer, Carolin S.

1993-01-01

460

Globalization, culture and psychology.  

PubMed

Abstract This article outlines the cultural and psychological effects of globalization. It looks at the impact of globalization on identity; ideas of privacy and intimacy; the way we understand and perceive psychological distress; and the development of the profession of psychology around the world. The article takes a critical perspective on globalization, seeing it as aligned with the spread of neoliberal capitalism, a tendency towards cultural homogenization, the imposition of dominant 'global north' ideas and the resultant growing inequalities in health and well-being. However, it also argues that the increased interconnectedness created by globalization allows for greater acknowledgement of our common humanity and for collective efforts to be developed to tackle what are increasingly global problems. This requires the development of more nuanced understandings of cultural differences and of indigenous psychologies. PMID:25343628

Melluish, Steve

2014-10-01

461

TUFTS IN LONDON PSYCHOLOGY EQUIVALENCIES  

E-print Network

for Psychology majors PSYC2205: Brain & Behaviour PSY 025 (not for BioPsy majors) PSYC2206: Health and Clinical: Organisational Psychology PSY 196g PSYC3109: Psychology of Health PSY 196h PSYC3111: Human-Computer Interface PSYTUFTS IN LONDON PSYCHOLOGY EQUIVALENCIES Tufts in London Tufts Medford PSYC6001: Intro to Social

Patel, Aniruddh D.

462

MINOR REQUIREMENTS 7 PSYCHOLOGY COURSES  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY MINOR REQUIREMENTS 7 PSYCHOLOGY COURSES (28 units) 5 Upper Div 6 Upper Div 7 Upper Div 2 process is on Tritonlink Psychology Student Affairs 1st floor Mandler Hall 1533 858.534.3001 ugradpsych@ucsd.edu www.psychology.ucsd.edu #12; MINOR PROGRAM

Squire, Larry R.

463

Positive organizational psychology in sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to review the literature relating to the positive aspects of organizational psychology research in sport. To this end, the narrative is divided into three main sections. The first section defines and delimits relevant concepts, including organizational psychology, positive psychology and positive organizing. The second section presents the background to positive organizational psychology in sport

Christopher Robert David Wagstaff; David Fletcher; Sheldon Hanton

2012-01-01

464

Positive organizational psychology in sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to review the literature relating to the positive aspects of organizational psychology research in sport. To this end, the narrative is divided into three main sections. The first section defines and delimits relevant concepts, including organizational psychology, positive psychology and positive organizing. The second section presents the background to positive organizational psychology in sport

Christopher Robert David Wagstaff; David Fletcher; Sheldon Hanton

2011-01-01

465

Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Programme information #12;www.bath.ac.uk/psychology/clinical #12;Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Introduction and overview from the Programme Director As the most recently established Doctorate in Clinical Psychology the Bath team has combined well

Burton, Geoffrey R.

466

The history of psychological categories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychological terms, such as ‘mind’, ‘memory’, ‘emotion’ and indeed ‘psychology’ itself, have a history. This history, I argue, supports the view that basic psychological categories refer to historical and social entities, and not to ‘natural kinds’. The case is argued through a wide ranging review of the historiography of western psychology, first, in connection with the field’s extreme modern diversity;

Roger Smith

2005-01-01

467

Editorial Comment on Psychological Trends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interchange between clinical and counseling psychology has been profitable, but it is now time for both to cross-fertilize with social psychology. While occasionally we may find some utilization of social psychology concepts, this has been minimal. A purposeful restudy of social psychology holds the possibility of being most productive. This Journal has shown a modest awareness of the significance of

Thomas E. Kennelly

1961-01-01

468

Ecological Psychology and Social Psychology: Continuing Discussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

What form would an ideal merger of ecological and social psychology take? Is that ideal attainable? Many researchers and theorists\\u000a are working to answer these questions. Charles (2009, 2011a) offered insights from E. B. Holt, one of James J. Gibson’s mentors, who argued that minds—mental kinds, processes, states,\\u000a etc.—are observable aspects of the environment. Phrasing that in Ecological terms, the

Eric P. Charles

469

Feminist Psychology in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter introduces the development and status of feminist psychology in China. The first section, “Development of feminism\\u000a in China,” traces the evolution of feminism from the New Culture Movement of 1910s to the turn of the twenty-first century.\\u000a The second section, “Chinese feminist psychology,” discusses five important gender issues: gender stereotypes, work–family\\u000a conflict, women home alone (Líush?u women in

Xue Fei Chen; Fanny M. Cheung

470

Validation of the Psychological Work Maturity Scale in Chinese employees.  

PubMed

Psychological work maturity is an important concept in situational leadership theory. The present research revised the Psychological Work Maturity Scale for use in Chinese organizations. Three samples of full-time employees (Ns = 205, 266, and 283) from different companies and industries participated in the present study. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that a single-factor structure fit the data. The scale had acceptable reliabilities, convergent and criterion-related validities, and was shown to be an appropriate measure of psychological work maturity in Chinese employees. Maturity differences in several demographic variables were not found, but employees with longer tenure in Sample 2 scored higher on maturity, which shows that psychological work maturity may be dependent on personal development in the interaction with the varying situational factors, especially in the work domain. Implications for research and practice on psychological work maturity in China are discussed. PMID:21323139

Tong, Jiajin; Wang, Lei

2010-12-01

471

What psychology means to me.  

PubMed

What the title of this article means to me after decades on a university faculty is very broad. It would include topics of my research and writing, of my graduate and undergraduate teaching, and of what I read in the area, including papers that have been submitted to me as editor of the American Journal of Psychology. What I can write here focuses on my research and writing and related metatheoretical views, including what I have considered the deeper and more significant questions formulated in philosophy of mind and submitted to empirical investigation in psychology. Of most active concern today, and over the years, are those asking about the roles of consciousness, symbolic representation, and volition in mental activity and action. Is symbolic representation carried out consciously or unconsciously, or both? This paper recognizes the 19(th) century attempt to establish a science of consciousness, a behavioristic movement that rejected consciousness as being the soul of theology, a cognitive metatheory giving some place to consciousness but emphasizing non-conscious symbolic representation. This summarizes our experimental examinations of my theories of the source of intentional action, of causal reasoning, and of explicit and implicit learning. It also summarizes the overarching mentalistic metatheory I have described. PMID:22013331

Dulany, Donelson E

2006-01-01

472

What Psychology Means To Me  

PubMed Central

What the title of this article means to me after decades on a university faculty is very broad. It would include topics of my research and writing, of my graduate and undergraduate teaching, and of what I read in the area, including papers that have been submitted to me as editor of the American Journal of Psychology. What I can write here focuses on my research and writing and related metatheoretical views, including what I have considered the deeper and more significant questions formulated in philosophy of mind and submitted to empirical investigation in psychology. Of most active concern today, and over the years, are those asking about the roles of consciousness, symbolic representation, and volition in mental activity and action. Is symbolic representation carried out consciously or unconsciously, or both? This paper recognizes the 19th century attempt to establish a science of consciousness, a behavioristic movement that rejected consciousness as being the soul of theology, a cognitive metatheory giving some place to consciousness but emphasizing non-conscious symbolic representation. This summarizes our experimental examinations of my theories of the source of intentional action, of causal reasoning, and of explicit and implicit learning. It also summarizes the overarching mentalistic metatheory I have described. PMID:22013331

Dulany, Donelson E.

2006-01-01

473

Intrusive Images in Psychological Disorders  

PubMed Central

Involuntary images and visual memories are prominent in many types of psychopathology. Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder, other anxiety disorders, depression, eating disorders, and psychosis frequently report repeated visual intrusions corresponding to a small number of real or imaginary events, usually extremely vivid, detailed, and with highly distressing content. Both memory and imagery appear to rely on common networks involving medial prefrontal regions, posterior regions in the medial and lateral parietal cortices, the lateral temporal cortex, and the medial temporal lobe. Evidence from cognitive psychology and neuroscience implies distinct neural bases to abstract, flexible, contextualized representations (C-reps) and to inflexible, sensory-bound representations (S-reps). We revise our previous dual representation theory of posttraumatic stress disorder to place it within a neural systems model of healthy memory and imagery. The revised model is used to explain how the different types of distressing visual intrusions associated with clinical disorders arise, in terms of the need for correct interaction between the neural systems supporting S-reps and C-reps via visuospatial working memory. Finally, we discuss the treatment implications of the new model and relate it to existing forms of psychological therapy. PMID:20063969

Brewin, Chris R.; Gregory, James D.; Lipton, Michelle; Burgess, Neil

2010-01-01

474

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Copyright 2000 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 2000, Vol. 78, No. 1, 81-91 0022-3514/00/$5.00 DOI: 10,1037110022-3514.78.1.81  

E-print Network

. Haselton and David M. Buss, Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Austin. We are greatly Management Theory: A New Perspective on Biases in Cross-Sex Mind Reading Martie G. Haselton and David M. BussJournal of Personality and Social Psychology Copyright 2000 by the American Psychological

Pillow, Jonathan

475

The impact of computers on cognitive psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer developments and their applications in cognitive psychology are reviewed. Examples from recent studies illustrate\\u000a the ways that computers are used for different research purposes: stimulus generation, on-line interactive experimental control,\\u000a response collection, data analysis, and theory building. A quantitative analysis of federal funding for computer-based and\\u000a noncomputer research compares costs over the past 9 years for the areas of

Doris Aaronson; Edward Grupsmith; May Aaronson

1976-01-01

476

Clinical Psychology for Cardiac Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a From its very beginning, modern scientific psychology has dealt with issues regarding mind-body, health-disease relationships;\\u000a in particular, clinical psychology, in its various applications, has tried to provide a structure to psychological concepts\\u000a tied to organic disease. Clinical psychology is described as the “area of psychology whose objectives are the explanation,\\u000a understanding, interpretation and reorganization of dysfunctional or pathological mental processes,

E. Molinari; L. Bellardita; A. Compare

477

Physiology and psychology of dreams.  

PubMed

The discovery of the close association between rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and dreaming and development of sleep laboratory techniques ushered in a new era in the study of dreams. For the first time, direct and systematic investigation could be made of such topics as the occurrence, qualities, recollection, and childhood development of dreaming. Experimental methodologies permitted investigation of the responsiveness of dreams to external stimulation and the effects of deprivation of REM sleep. Much effort was devoted to searching for parallels between physiological aspects of REM sleep and characteristics of associated dreams, with modest results. The leading theory of dreaming in the early decades of this research was the psychoanalytic, which views dreams as highly meaningful reflections of unconscious mental functioning. With developments in understanding of the neurophysiology of REM sleep, new theories of dreaming were proposed. The most prominent, the activation-synthesis hypothesis, derived its view of dreaming directly from the neurophysiology of REM sleep, in particular the role of the brain stem, and in its original form regarded dreams as not essentially meaningful. Further developments in neurobiological research, including lesion and brain imaging studies, have established a clearer view of the functional neuroanatomy of REM sleep and dreaming. To what degree, and in what way, implications can be drawn from these findings for the psychology of dreaming is controversial. Some more recent theories of dreaming emphasize an adaptive function related to emotion and a role in learning and memory consolidation. PMID:15798942

Eiser, Alan S

2005-03-01

478

Home-school Relations--An Exploration from the Perspective of Social Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores home-school relations by using three social psychology theories: (1) symbolic interactionism; (2) social exchange theory; and (3) reference group theory. States that these theories can contribute to the understanding and development of home-school relations in Hong Kong (China). (CMK)

Pang, I-wah

2000-01-01

479

Psychological resilience and the well-being of widowed women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of older women in enduring relationships contend with conjugal bereavement. Although most experience considerable\\u000a distress in the immediate aftermath of this loss, the majority adjusts over the course of time. The current study applies\\u000a the theory of psychological resilience (or hardiness) to this topic. Results of this study suggest that psychological resilience\\u000a is significantly associated with both satisfaction

Norm O’Rourke

2004-01-01

480

An Affective Intelligent Tutoring System Based on Artificial Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a general solution to an affective intelligent tutoring system. According to artificial psychology theory, it maps the student's emotional state by means of data gathered from the student's self-assessment based on an emotion map. Then a two-dimensional emotional psychology model and a reaction strategy model adopting multi-tier reasoning rules are constructed to detect, analyze and evaluate the

Qiao Xiangjie; Wang Zhiliang; Yu Jun; Meng Xiuyan

2006-01-01

481

To appear to M.H. Kernis (Ed.), Self-esteem: Issues and answers. New York: Psychology Press.  

E-print Network

. The Evolution of Self-Esteem Sarah E. Hill & David M. Buss University of Texas, Austin Evolutionary psychology seeks to synthesize fundamental principles of evolutionary biology with modern psychological theories-esteem--a domain of exceptional importance--has recently come under the theoretical lens of evolutionary psychology

Pillow, Jonathan

482

Instructional Strategies for Improving Students' Learning: Focus on Early Reading and Mathematics. Psychological Perspectives on Contemporary Educational Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The twin objectives of the series Psychological Perspectives on Contemporary Educational Issues are: (1) to identify issues in education that are relevant to professional educators and researchers; and (2) to address those issues from research and theory in educational psychology, psychology, and related disciplines. The present volume, consisting…

Carlson, Jerry, Ed.; Levin, Joel R., Ed.

2012-01-01

483

[Evolutionary development of human psyche in Wilber's integral psychology].  

PubMed

Darwin's evolution theory is fundamental for modern biology. But the logic of evolutionary development seems to have a wider context. Several observations and psychological investigations show convincingly that the extent of the development of human psyche is a continuation of the biological evolution. Developmental levels of consciousness, seen both from the individual and collective perspective, are discussed in the writings by the American investigator and philosopher Ken Wilber. His integral model, which has evoIved into integral psychology, forms a logical and inspiring basis for further scientific deliberations in the fields of psychology and medical sciences. PMID:19025049

Koberda, Przemys?aw

2008-01-01

484

The virtues of scientific psychology: A reply to Harzem  

PubMed Central

Harzem recently expressed the opinions that, beginning in the 1960s, the progress of scientific psychology has been deferred and that psychological research has failed to address important social issues. He proposed that progress be resumed by taking up, anew, the experimental analysis of behavior. The present reply provides evidence inconsistent with Harzem's assertions regarding the state of contemporary, scientific psychology and questions the wisdom of disregarding the significant body of data and theory that currently are available to pursue the, as yet, unfulfilled promises of the experimental analysis of human behavior. PMID:22478007

Proctor, Robert W.; Weeks, Daniel J.

1988-01-01

485

Psychologic aspects of exercise.  

PubMed

Physicians are well aware of the health benefits of exercise, but probably less cognizant of the many psychologic benefits of regular exercise. In recent years more attention has been paid to the psychologic effects of exercise, and much evidence can be found in the literature to support these beneficial effects. Psychologic states such as anxiety, distress, depression, and coronary-prone behavior have been found to be reduced by regular aerobic exercise. Exercise has also been shown to elevate mood, increase intellectual functioning, and improve self-concept. In encouraging their patients to exercise, physicians can more effectively motivate them by following certain psychologic principles, thereby ensuring greater compliance and adherence to the exercise program. Doing an objective fitness assessment establishes a baseline and creates a stimulus for awareness for the patient. The resulting exercise prescription will more likely be followed if the physician helps the patient establish realistic goals, and understand the minimums of exercise that can still lead to improvement, the exercise physiology behind the prescription, and the physical and psychologic gains to be made from exercise. It can also be extremely helpful if the physician individualizes the program to make it convenient and fun, provides supervision and ample positive reinforcement, and teaches by example, that is, not only be a proponent of exercise, but a participant. In spite of the many benefits of exercise, there are certain psychologic liabilities as a result of excessive exercise. Negative states such as exercise addiction, overtraining, and burnout can be attributed to excess exercise, but they are also often a result or symptom of other psychologic problems. By being aware and knowledgeable, the physician can intervene in this system to help the individual confront the real problems and maintain his or her participation in the sport or exercise program. PMID:2015642

Anthony, J

1991-01-01

486

[Ibn Sina--psychology and psychological disorders].  

PubMed

Ebu Ali Husein Ibn Ali Ibn Sina (or Avicenna) was primarily a philosopher with amusing knowledge, who dealt in all aspects of art of medicine, astronomer, poet, musician and psychologist. This giant with an encyclopedic knowledge has dealt in almost all scientific branches or praxis with the great success. Numerous statements of his have been cornerstone of many sciences for centuries; and some of them are (in the era of computers and Internet) still current. The best known treatise on medicine of his is El-Kanun, consisting of five volumes, wherein all medical achievements (including psychology, psychiatry and neurology) of that period were described clearly. In his psychology, Ibn Sina (Avicenna) analyses the essence of human soul, mind, psychical streams, intellectum, dreams and prophecy, man's desires etc. in details. It is unnecessary to point out how much these items are actual in the contemporary psychology. Ibn al-Nefis has described systematically the symptoms and recovery of "head sick" (including headaches, cerebral sick like cranitis, letargy, coma, demency, melancholy, insomnia, nightmares, epilepsy, appoplexy, paralysis, spasm and many others) in his Mujez al-Kanun, that is synopsis of Ibn Sina Kanun. We need much time to see magnificance of this philosopher, that is best known as the great one among the physicians. His writings could be found in whole Bosnia, but there were many few that would study him and his works. It is out task to enable the future generations not only to know those works exist, but, also, to realize the essence of this marvelous genius; because there are very few people that can be compared to him. PMID:9324566

Ceri?, I; Mehi?-Basara, N

1997-01-01

487

The psychological present.  

PubMed

The present paper compares behavior-analytic and cognitive treatments of the concept of psychological history with regard to its role in current action. Both treatments take the position that the past bears some responsibility for the present, and are thereby obligated to find a means of actualizing the past in the present. Both do so by arguing that the past is brought to bear in the present via the organism. Although the arguments of the two positions differ on this issue, neither provides a complete account. An unconventional treatment of psychological history is proposed, the logic of which is exemplified in anthropological, biological, and psychological perspectives. The unconventional treatment in psychological perspective holds that (a) the organism's interaction with its environment, not the organism itself, changes with experience; and (b) the past interactions of an organism exist as, and only as, the present interactions of that organism. This solution to the problem of psychological history provides obligations and opportunities for analysis that are not available when the more conventional positions of cognitivism and behavior analysis are adopted. PMID:22478124

Hayes, L J

1992-01-01

488

Folk Psychology vs. Mental Simulation: How Minds Understand Minds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website "provides access to work that was discussed at, inspired by, or is otherwise relevant to the seminar 'Folk Psychology vs. Mental Simulation: How Minds Understand Minds,' a National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminar for College Teachers held at the University of Missouri-St. Louis" last July. Folk Psychology and Mental Simulation are two competing theories designed to explain how "people understand, predict, and explain one another's actions, thoughts, and motivations"; both have implications for the understanding and possible treatment of Autism among other conditions. The site currently features fifteen articles and papers -- some with abstracts -- with another ten to be added soon. Titles include "Autism and the 'Theory of Mind' Debate," "Developing Commonsense Psychology: Experimental Data and Philosophical Data," and "A Cognitive Theory of Pretense." Articles are available in .pdf or HTML formats.

489

Attachment Theory and Mindfulness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We initiate a dialog between two central areas in the field of psychology today: attachment theory/research and mindfulness studies. The impact of the early mother-infant relationship on child development has been well established in the literature, with attachment theorists having focused on the correlation between a mother's capacity for…

Snyder, Rose; Shapiro, Shauna; Treleaven, David

2012-01-01

490

American Psychological Society: Teaching Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers of psychology looking for high-quality resources to augment their students' classroom experience need look no further than this collection of online materials. Compiled by the American Psychological Society, the links are divided into topical sections that include health psychology, statistics, clinical psychology, research methods, and a dozen other topics. Visitors to the site will find links that lead to course materials for an introductory class on physiological psychology and a set of materials on educational psychology from Miami University. Finally, the site is rounded out by a very extensive section on statistics, including links to several online statistics glossaries and calculators.

491

Psychological considerations in historiography.  

PubMed

The author discusses the interrelations between historiography and modern, dynamic psychology. The latter tries to understand psychological phenomena and human behaviour within the context of the individual's historical development. Similarly, the historian seeks to understand social structures, events and tendencies of a given epoch as evolving from the antecedents of the social entity under consideration. Historical consciousness, expressed in remembering the past, is one of the factors contributing to the inner security, self-confidence and sense of identity of the individual as well as of the group. Both disciplines assume that events are set in motion by irrational forces and they share the tendency to ascribe inherent meaning to occurrences. They occupy borderline positions between the natural sciences and the humanities, and actually belong to both. The author believes it would benefit historians to acquaint themselves with the methods and results of modern psychology. PMID:1236469

Winnik, H

1975-01-01

492

Sociogenomic Personality Psychology  

PubMed Central

In this article, we address a number of issues surrounding biological models of personality traits. Most traditional and many contemporary biological models of personality traits assume that biological systems underlying personality traits are causal and immutable. In contrast, sociogenomic biology, which we introduce to readers in this article, directly contradicts the widely held assumption that something that is biological, heritable, or temperamental, is unchangeable. We provide examples of how seemingly unchanging biological systems, such as DNA, are both dependent on environments for elicitation and can be modified by environmental changes. Finally, we synthesize sociogenomic biology with personality psychology in a model of personality traits that integrates this more modern perspective on biology, physiology, and environment that we term sociogenomic personality psychology. We end the article with a discussion of the future directions of sociogenomic personality psychology. PMID:19012657

Roberts, Brent W.; Jackson, Joshua J.

2009-01-01

493

Psychological Factors in Asthma  

PubMed Central

Asthma has long been considered a condition in which psychological factors have a role. As in many illnesses, psychological variables may affect outcome in asthma via their effects on treatment adherence and symptom reporting. Emerging evidence suggests that the relation between asthma and psychological factors may be more complex than that, however. Central cognitive processes may influence not only the interpretation of asthma symptoms but also the manifestation of measurable changes in immune and physiologic markers of asthma. Furthermore, asthma and major depressive disorder share several risk factors and have similar patterns of dysregulation in key biologic systems, including the neuroendocrine stress response, cytokines, and neuropeptides. Despite the evidence that depression is common in people with asthma and exerts a negative impact on outcome, few treatment studies have examined whether improving symptoms of depression do, in fact, result in better control of asthma symptoms or improved quality of life in patients with asthma. PMID:20525122

2008-01-01

494

PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE What is a psychological crisis?  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE ABUSE What is a psychological crisis? This occurs when an individual CRIMINAL OR VIOLENT BEHAVIOR SECTION #12;3 SUBSTANCE ABUSE What do I need to know about substance abuse

Fernandez, Eduardo

495

What is Counselling Psychology? Counselling psychology focuses on the emotional,  

E-print Network

What is Counselling Psychology? Counselling psychology focuses on the emotional, social, vocational, educational, health-related, developmental, and organizational concerns as they promote personal settings in which counselling psychologists practice include community mental health centres, business

Dukas, Reuven

496

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Winter 2014  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Winter 2014 Lecture Instructor must learn how psychologists know what they know. Research Methods is a critical thinking skills class for success in lab. Course Books Required Book: Morling, B. (2012). Research methods

Lockery, Shawn

497

Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology  

E-print Network

for entering the Core A courses. Psychology 315 ­ Cognitive Psychology (____) OR Psychology 320 ­ LearnRev. 2/13 Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology 1. ______ Psychology 100 ­ Introductory Psychology · Psychology 100 is a prerequisite for all

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

498

Gender and Psychological Essentialism  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY When individuals reason in an essentialist way about social categories, they assume that group differences reflect inherently different natures (Gelman, 2003; Rothbart & Taylor, 1992). This paper describes the psychological and social implications of essentialist beliefs, and examines the extent to which children exhibit psychological essentialism when reasoning about gender. The authors discuss reasons young children as well as older children show essentialist reasoning in some contexts, but not in others. Finally, the authors suggest directions for future research, and discuss a primary challenge to many working in this field: reduction of rigid gender beliefs. PMID:21528097

Heyman, Gail D.; Giles, Jessica W.

2010-01-01

499

Introduction to Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Psychology is a vast and complex area of inquiry, and students entering the field may be confounded by the number of subfields within the discipline. Professor Russell A. Dewey of Georgia Southern University has created this fine online introductory textbook that covers everything from states of consciousness to social psychology. The online text includes sixteen chapters, and each chapter contains a number of parts that break each topic into smaller subtopics. The text is well-written and it draws on a number of examples and well-known experiments that will keep readers engaged. The site is rounded out by the inclusion of Professor Dewey's contact information and links to additional resources.

Dewey, Russell A.

2007-09-03

500

Implicit Theories of Peer Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the role of children's implicit theories of peer relationships in their psychological, emotional, and behavioral adjustment. Participants included 206 children (110 girls; 96 boys; M age = 10.13 years, SD = 1.16) who reported on their implicit theories of peer relationships, social goal orientation, need for approval,…

Rudolph, Karen D.

2010-01-01