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Sample records for psychological theory

  1. The Psychological Import of Syntactic Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pereplyotchik, David

    2012-01-01

    My primary goal is to assess whether, and in what sense, the rules or principles of grammar are psychologically real. I begin by casting doubt on a received view in generative linguistics, according to which a true theory of the syntax of natural language would, ipso facto, be a theory of a psychological state or mechanism. I argue that a…

  2. What is Clinical Psychology? The field of Clinical Psychology integrates science, theory, and practice to un-

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    What is Clinical Psychology? The field of Clinical Psychology integrates science, theory as to promote human adaptation, adjustment, and personal development. Clini- cal Psychology focuses on the intellectual, emotional, biological, psychological, social, and behavioral aspects of human functioning across

  3. Darwinian Theory, Functionalism, and the First American Psychological Revolution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Christopher D.

    2009-01-01

    American functionalist psychology constituted an effort to model scientific psychology on the successes of English evolutionary theory. In part it was a response to the stagnation of Wundt's psychological research program, which had been grounded in German experimental physiology. In part it was an attempt to make psychology more appealing within…

  4. Goals in a Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology

    E-print Network

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    Goals in a Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology Jerry R. HOBBS and Andrew GORDON University of commonsense psychology, or how peole think they think, we have developed a formal theory of goals. In it we, intactness, and importance. Keywords. Goals, commonsense psychology, commonsense reasoning, intention

  5. Alternative probability theories for cognitive psychology.

    PubMed

    Narens, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Various proposals for generalizing event spaces for probability functions have been put forth in the mathematical, scientific, and philosophic literatures. In cognitive psychology such generalizations are used for explaining puzzling results in decision theory and for modeling the influence of context effects. This commentary discusses proposals for generalizing probability theory to event spaces that are not necessarily boolean algebras. Two prominent examples are quantum probability theory, which is based on the set of closed subspaces of a Hilbert space, and topological probability theory, which is based on the set of open sets of a topology. Both have been applied to a variety of cognitive situations. This commentary focuses on how event space properties can influence probability concepts and impact cognitive modeling. PMID:24482331

  6. Application of Chaos Theory to Psychological Models

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Blackerby, Rae Fortunato

    This dissertation shows that an alternative theoretical approach from physics--chaos theory--offers a viable basis for improved understanding of human beings and their behavior. Chaos theory provides achievable frameworks for potential identification, assessment, and adjustment of human behavior patterns. Most current psychological models fail to address the metaphysical conditions inherent in the human system, thus bringing deep errors to psychological practice and empirical research. Freudian, Jungian and behavioristic perspectives are inadequate psychological models because they assume, either implicitly or explicitly, that the human psychological system is a closed, linear system. On the other hand, Adlerian models that require open systems are likely to be empirically tenable. Logically, models will hold only if the model's assumptions hold. The innovative application of chaotic dynamics to psychological behavior is a promising theoretical development because the application asserts that human systems are open, nonlinear and self-organizing. Chaotic dynamics use nonlinear mathematical relationships among factors that influence human systems. This dissertation explores these mathematical relationships in the context of a sample model of moral behavior using simulated data. Mathematical equations with nonlinear feedback loops describe chaotic systems. Feedback loops govern the equations' value in subsequent calculation iterations. For example, changes in moral behavior are affected by an individual's own self-centeredness, family and community influences, and previous moral behavior choices that feed back to influence future choices. When applying these factors to the chaos equations, the model behaves like other chaotic systems. For example, changes in moral behavior fluctuate in regular patterns, as determined by the values of the individual, family and community factors. In some cases, these fluctuations converge to one value; in other cases, they diverge in still other cases, they oscillate periodically among two or more precise values. At certain values, the equations iterate random results, with no convergence, divergence or periodicity: "chaos." At still other values, the equations behave chaotically for many iterations; then a periodic oscillation emerges from the chaos. These emergent patterns provide a significantly better model fit to the dynamic reality of psychological behavior because qualitatively reorganized behavior is logically possible and incorporated in the model's metaphysical assumptions.

  7. The Place and Promise of Theory in Rehabilitation Psychology

    PubMed Central

    Dunn, Dana S.; Elliott, Timothy R.

    2008-01-01

    Objective Although rehabilitation psychology is more focused on empirical evidence and clinical application than theory development, we argue for the primacy of theory, and explain why theories are needed in and useful for rehabilitation psychology. Impediments to theory development are discussed, including the difficulties of applying psychological theories in multidisciplinary enterprises, and the difficulties in developing a theory-driven research program. We offer suggestions by reviewing research settings, knowledge gained through controlled studies, grantsmanship, and then identify topical areas where new theories are needed. We remind researcher-practitioners that rehabilitation psychology benefits from a judicious mix of scientific rigor and real-world vigor. Conclusions We close by advocating for theory-driven research programs that embrace a methodological pluralism, which will in turn advance new theory, produce meaningful research programs that inform practice, and realize the goals of this special issue of Rehabilitation Psychology—advances in research and methodology. PMID:19649146

  8. Toward a Theory of Psychological Type Congruence for Advertisers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, Michael H.; And Others

    Focusing on the impact of advertisers' persuasive selling messages on consumers, this paper discusses topics relating to the theory of psychological type congruence. Based on an examination of persuasion theory and relevant psychological concepts, including recent cognitive stability and personality and needs theory and the older concept of…

  9. Department of Psychology, University of Melbourne Introduction to graph theory

    E-print Network

    ©Department of Psychology, University of Melbourne Introduction to graph theory Graphs Size and weak components Centrality for directed graphs Some special directed graphs ©Department of Psychology,6),(6,7)} 4 5 6 7 #12;©Department of Psychology, University of Melbourne Size and order The size of G

  10. School Psychology Research: Combining Ecological Theory and Prevention Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burns, Matthew K.

    2011-01-01

    The current article comments on the importance of theoretical implications within school psychological research, and proposes that ecological theory and prevention science could provide the conceptual framework for school psychology research and practice. Articles published in "School Psychology Review" should at least discuss potential…

  11. A Social Extension of a Psychological Interest Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bikner-Ahsbahs, Angelika

    2003-01-01

    Based on an individual interest theory as a sensitising theory, empirical data are used to gain social interest concepts, as there are situated collective interest and interest-dense situation. These concepts serve as a basis for a social extension of a psychological interest theory. Its construction combines social interactions, the dynamic of…

  12. Game Theory and Social Psychology: Conformity Games

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Alessio, Danielle; Kilgour, D. Marc

    2011-11-01

    Game models can contribute to understanding of how social biases and pressures to conform can lead to puzzling behaviour in social groups. A model of the psychological biases false uniqueness and false consensus is set out. The model predicts the phenomenon of pluralistic ignorance, which is well-studied in social psychology, showing how it arises as a result of the prevalence of false uniqueness and the desire to conform. An efficient method is developed for finding Nash equilibria of the model under certain restrictions.

  13. Interpersonal Manifestations of Lifestyle: Individual Psychology Integrated with Interpersonal Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Jonathan P.; Waldo, Michael

    2003-01-01

    Integrates the counseling theories of Individual Psychology and Interpersonal Theory. This integration provides a social/interpersonal approach to conceptualize clients' problems and address them in counseling. The integrated approach presents a structure for assessment of clients' developmental experiences as well as a counseling approach that…

  14. Shopping around for Theories for Counseling Psychology Practice: Reaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Clara E.

    2012-01-01

    Three psychotherapy theories are summarized and critiqued for their applicability to counseling psychology. The lack of attention to psychodynamic and experiential theories in the special section and the lack of theorizing by counseling psychologists in general are lamented. A plea is made for encouraging counseling psychologists to construct more…

  15. Cognitive Psychology and Audience-Oriented Dramatic Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bratt, David

    Cognitive psychology's most useful contribution to dramatic theory is the concept of schemata, or the mental structures that make up part of the perceptual cycle. In regard to an audience-oriented dramatic theory, this suggests that analysis of a script ought to identify the sorts of schemata that are to be aroused in the audience's minds and the…

  16. Linking Psychological Theory and Instructional Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kurfiss, Joanne

    Based on the assumption that the design of instruction and the selection of technological supports can be based upon psychological understandings of what makes for a meaningful learning experience, this paper examines meaning in the context of two propositions about the nature of motivation and memory, and explores ways in which instructional…

  17. Construal-Level Theory of Psychological Distance

    PubMed Central

    Trope, Yaacov; Liberman, Nira

    2011-01-01

    People are capable of thinking about the future, the past, remote locations, another person’s perspective, and counterfactual alternatives. Without denying the uniqueness of each process, it is proposed that they constitute different forms of traversing psychological distance. Psychological distance is egocentric: Its reference point is the self in the here and now, and the different ways in which an object might be removed from that point—in time, in space, in social distance, and in hypotheticality—constitute different distance dimensions. Transcending the self in the here and now entails mental construal, and the farther removed an object is from direct experience, the higher (more abstract) the level of construal of that object. Supporting this analysis, research shows (a) that the various distances are cognitively related to each other, (b) that they similarly influence and are influenced by level of mental construal, and (c) that they similarly affect prediction, preference, and action. PMID:20438233

  18. Psychological adjustment to physical disability: trends in theories.

    PubMed

    Shontz, F C

    1978-06-01

    Explanations of psychological reactions to physical disability have recently tended to ascribe maladjustment to environmental rather than to personal causes. Historically, common-sense theories were first replaced by metalistic doctrines. These, in turn, were later supplemented by theories that integrated mentalism with environmentalism and by approaches that recognized only environmental causes of behavior. Each theory makes a unique contribution to rehabilitation. Consequently, unification rather than elimination should be the goal of future theoretical development. PMID:149525

  19. Handbook of Vocational Psychology. Theory, Research, and Practice. Second Edition. Contemporary Topics in Vocational Psychology Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walsh, W. Bruce, Ed.; Osipow, Samuel H., Ed.

    This handbook is designed to acquaint readers with the practical and applied aspects of the field of vocational psychology and the variety of techniques, procedures, and theories available for vocational assessment. The following chapters are included: "Preface" and "Introduction" (W. Bruce Walsh, Samuel H. Osipow); "Current Theoretical Issues in…

  20. Psychological Theory Seeks to Define Obesity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burgard, Debby

    1993-01-01

    Examines various psychodynamic and behavioral theories in a discussion about obesity and mental health. It is revealed that modern theory finds no identifiable personality profile, behavior, or family structure influencing large weight gain thus discounting psychopathology as the cause of obesity. Individual assessments for causes of obesity are…

  1. Relational Frame Theory and Industrial/Organizational Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stewart, Ian; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Bond, Frank W.; Hayes, Steven C.

    2006-01-01

    The current paper argues that a Relational Frame Theory account of complex human behavior including an analysis of relational frames, relational networks, rules and the concept of self can provide a potentially powerful new perspective on phenomena in the applied science of industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology. In this article, we first…

  2. A Hyper-Emotion Theory of Psychological Illnesses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson-Laird, P. N.; Mancini, Francesco; Gangemi, Amelia

    2006-01-01

    A hyper-emotion theory of psychological illnesses is presented. It postulates that these illnesses have an onset in which a cognitive evaluation initiates a sequence of unconscious transitions yielding a basic emotion. This emotion is appropriate for the situation but inappropriate in its intensity. Whenever it recurs, it leads individuals to a…

  3. Sketch of J. R. Kantor's Psychological Interbehavioral Field Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delprato, Dennis J.; Smith, Noel W.

    2009-01-01

    We provide a sketch of J. R. Kantor's (1959, 1971) psychological interbehavioral field (IBF) theory by identifying 9 essential points and briefly discussing each. The main emphasis of this sketch is on the foundation of Kantor's thinking, the IBF. Suggestions for further study are provided.

  4. Integrating Social Class into Vocational Psychology: Theory and Practice Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diemer, Matthew A.; Ali, Saba Rasheed

    2009-01-01

    Although social class plays a salient and significant role in career development and occupational attainment, social class is underrepresented in vocational psychology theory, scholarship, and practice. Vocational psychologists are in a unique position to meet the career development needs of persons from all social classes by integrating a fuller…

  5. A Strong Theory of Psychological Differentiation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Hoben

    To account for observed sex differences on tasks such as the rod and frame test, the embedded figures test, and other related measures, the theory is advanced that a sex-linked recessive gene mediates or facilitates certain performances. This assumption is coupled with the concept of "a mixture of density functions" to provide a theoretical…

  6. A Personal Relevance Approach to Teaching Theories and History of Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Waller, James E.

    It may be suggested that one's reflection on psychology's past and present state is an important part of finding one's identity within psychology. The facilitation of each individual student's quest for identity within psychology may be taken as a fundamental goal of the theories and history of a psychology course. This quest may be stifled if…

  7. Educational Psychology--Theory, Research, and Teaching: A 25-Year Retrospective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McInerney, Dennis M.

    2005-01-01

    This article presents a brief overview of developments in educational psychology over the last twenty-five years. It firstly presents an historical context by reviewing four basic emphases in educational psychology; cognitive psychology, behavioural psychology, social cognitive theory and humanism. The article then reviews the growth in cognitive…

  8. UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu A Mathematical Theory for Texture, Texton, Primal Sketch

    E-print Network

    Zhu, Song Chun

    UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu A Mathematical Theory for Texture, Texton, Primal Sketch Angeles Joint work with Y.Wu, C.Guo and D. Mumford, 1995-2003 UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu Julesz visual perception?" ---1960s #12;UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu Psychophysics Experiments Texture

  9. Toward a Large-scale Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology for Metacognition

    E-print Network

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    Toward a Large-scale Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology for Metacognition Jerry R. Hobbs USC indicates that rich representational models of commonsense psychology are available to enable human metacognition. In this paper, we argue that large-scale formalizations of commonsense psychology enable

  10. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol.10, No.3, pp.405-407. 2006 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    405 Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol.10, No.3, pp.405-407. © 2006 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences Book Review Images of a Complex World: The Art and Poetry Theory in Psychology and Life Sciences, practitioners in diverse disciplines have come together to foster

  11. Course: Psychology 370 (Schedule# 29470, Section 2); Psychological Testing and Measurement Course Description: Measurement theory and the basic principles of testing. Selection,

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    SYLLABUS Course: Psychology 370 (Schedule# 29470, Section 2); Psychological Testing and Measurement Course Description: Measurement theory and the basic principles of testing. Selection, construction, and critical evaluation of group tests of intelligence, personality, aptitude, interest, and achievement

  12. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 117-129. 2008 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Richard

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 117-129. © 2008 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences Biophilic Fractals and the Visual Journey of Organic Screen

  13. Autism: A Critical Review of Psychological Theories with Particular Reference to the Development of Social Understanding.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marris, Chris

    1999-01-01

    Considers theoretical approaches to the origins, diagnosis, and etiology of autism and focuses on the research and development of the psychological theories concerned with the theory of mind in both normally developing and autistic children. (Author/KB)

  14. Assessing Coverage of Maslow's Theory in Educational Psychology Textbooks: A Content Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wininger, Steven R.; Norman, Antony D.

    2010-01-01

    Although Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory (HNT) is one of the most prevalent theories in psychology, the authors argued that it is also one of the most misinterpreted or misrepresented, particularly in educational psychology textbooks. Therefore, after carefully reading Maslow's writings on HNT they conducted a content analysis of 18 educational…

  15. Pathway to psychological change from the structural stability theory.

    PubMed

    Cerf, Roger

    2015-01-01

    We show that a path not yet considered exists in the parameter space of the cusp catastrophe that constitutes a 'target-trajectory,' along which psychological change may be achieved in a variety of situations by taking advantage of the protagonists' resistance. The parameters Pathogen - the pathogenic agent - and Therapy, or Dissent and Remedy, are used depending on whether the theory is applied to psychotherapy or conflict, respectively. This proposed target-trajectory offers: (a) conditions optimised in therapy with regard to the intrinsic limitations for the reduction of a patient's pathogenic agent, and in conflict with regard to the 'red-lines' of the protagonists, and (b) the benefit of a step of rapid decrease in the potential barrier to change. Questions raised concern the benefit that a patient may obtain from performing his cognitive task in psychotherapy with minimal requirement for the reduction of his pathogen, and the role that a step of rapid decrease in a potential barrier may play in decision-making, in particular when it comes to end a conflict. The argument is developed in detail for psychoanalytic resistance, relying on principles and procedures described in numerous texts of psychoanalysis. The theory deals with scaling laws - power laws - rather than strict equalities. PMID:25575557

  16. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1-12. 2015 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Richard

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 1-12. © 2015 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences. Human Physiological Benefits of Viewing Nature: EEG. P. Taylor, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR Abstract: Psychological and physiological benefits

  17. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 129-136. 2011 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Richard

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 1, pp. 129-136. © 2011 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences. The Art and Science of Foam Bubbles R. P. Taylor 1 of Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences. Denis Weaire, Stefan Hutzler, Wiebke Drenckhan form

  18. Suicide Prevention in Schools as Viewed through the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joiner, Thomas E., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    The author has proposed a new theory of suicidal behavior--the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (Joiner, 2005)--which attempts to answer the question "Why do people die by suicide?" In this commentary, he briefly describes the theory, and then argues that the theory's constructs may allow a new level of focus and specificity…

  19. 'What's Psychology got to do with it?' Applying psychological theory to understanding failures in modern healthcare settings.

    PubMed

    Rydon-Grange, Michelle

    2015-11-01

    The National Health Service (NHS) has, for over four decades, been beset with numerous 'scandals' relating to poor patient care across several diverse clinical contexts. Ensuing inquiries proceed as though each scandal is unique, with recommendations highlighting the need for more staff training, a change of culture within the NHS based upon a 'duty of candour', and proposed criminal sanctions for employees believed to breach good patient care. However, mistakes reoccur and failings in patient safety continue. While inquiries describe what went awry in each case, questions of how and why such failures came to be remain unanswered. Psychology has a role in answering these questions. Applying psychological theory can guide an understanding of the causes that lead to catastrophic failures in healthcare settings. Indeed, what is often neglected in inquiries is the role of human behaviour in contributing to these failures. Drawing upon behavioural, social and cognitive theories, a psychological analysis of key factors, typically present in clinical contexts where serious failures of care occur, is presented. Applying theory and models from the field of psychology can guide further understanding of the precipitants to poor care. PMID:26401049

  20. Positive Psychology Theory, Research, and Practice: A Primer for Rehabilitation Counseling Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chou, Chih-Chin; Chan, Fong; Chan, Jacob Yui Chung; Phillips, Brian; Ditchman, Nicole; Kaseroff, Ashley

    2013-01-01

    Positive psychology is a scientific study that explores what makes life most worth living and applies psychological theory to understand the human strengths that are important for enhancing overall well-being and happiness. The rehabilitation counseling philosophy shares a similar emphasis on personal strengths and the importance of enhancing what…

  1. How Accurately Do Introductory Psychology Textbooks Present Psychoanalytic Theory?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Habarth, Janice; Hansell, James; Grove, Tyler

    2011-01-01

    Previous studies have raised concerns about the quality of the coverage of psychoanalytic content in undergraduate psychology textbooks. The authors investigated the accuracy and currency of psychoanalytic content in top-selling introductory psychology textbooks. Across the textbooks, 2% to 18% of the paragraphs with psychoanalytic content…

  2. On the nature and origin of intuitive theories : learning, physics and psychology

    E-print Network

    Ullman, Tomer David

    2015-01-01

    This thesis develops formal computational models of intuitive theories, in particular intuitive physics and intuitive psychology, which form the basis of commonsense reasoning. The overarching formal framework is that of ...

  3. An evaluation of the prescriptive utility of psychological bias theory in international relations

    E-print Network

    Leung, Wilson (Wilson Wan Shun)

    2005-01-01

    I evaluate the practical utility of psychological bias theory by examining two historical cases - the US decision to cross the 38th parallel in 1950 and the British policy of appeasement towards Germany in the 1930s - ...

  4. Professional Identity Development: A Grounded Theory Study of Clinical Psychology Trainees 

    E-print Network

    McElhinney, Rowena

    2008-01-01

    This is a constructivist grounded theory study of the impact of the clinical psychology flexible training scheme on the development of professional identity. Professional identity development involves the acquisition of ...

  5. Theory of Mind and embedding ofperspective A psychological test of a literary ((sweet spot"

    E-print Network

    Theory of Mind and embedding ofperspective A psychological test of a literary ((sweet spot" D. H-abundance. Here, we use short vignettes with 1or 3 characters and 0-5 levels of perspective embed- ding in two

  6. Social Psychological Origins of Conspiracy Theories: The Case of the Jewish Conspiracy Theory in Malaysia

    PubMed Central

    Swami, Viren

    2012-01-01

    Two studies examined correlates of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory among Malays in Malaysia, a culture in which state-directed conspiracism as a means of dealing with perceived external and internal threats is widespread. In Study 1, 368 participants from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed a novel measure of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation, and anomie. Initial analysis showed that the novel scale factorially reduced to a single dimension. Further analysis showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was only significantly associated with general conspiracist ideation, but the strength of the association was weak. In Study 2, 314 participants completed the measure of belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation, and ideological attitudes. Results showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was associated with anti-Israeli attitudes, modern racism directed at the Chinese, right-wing authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation. General conspiracist ideation did not emerge as a significant predictor once other variables had been accounted for. These results suggest that there may be specific cultural and social psychological forces that drive belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory within the Malaysian context. Specifically, belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory among Malaysian Malays appears to serve ideological needs and as a mask for anti-Chinese sentiment, which may in turn reaffirm their perceived ability to shape socio-political processes. PMID:22888323

  7. Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  8. Three Theories of Psychological Development; Implications for Children's Dentistry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    George, James M.; McIver, F. Thomas

    1983-01-01

    A slide-tape series developed for introduction of developmental and learning theories in freshman dental curriculum is described. Theories of social-emotional development, cognitive development, and theories of conditioning and observational learning are included. (MSE)

  9. IRSS Psychology Theory: Telling Experiences among Underrepresented IS Doctorates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Payton, Fay Cobb; White, Sharon D.; Mbarika, Victor W. A.

    2006-01-01

    With the changing demographics of the American workforce, the National Science Foundation, along with the U.S. Department of Commerce, has highlighted the shortage of minorities in information technology (IT) careers (http://www.ta.doc.gov/Reports/itsw/itsw.pdf). Using data from a 6-year period and the psychology Involvement-Regimen-Self…

  10. Theory, Not Cultural Context, Will Advance American Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haeffel, Gerald J.; Thiessen, Erik D.; Campbell, Matthew W.; Kaschak, Michael P.; McNeil, Nicole M.

    2009-01-01

    Comments on an article by J. J. Arnett regarding the assertion that American psychology focuses too narrowly on Americans while neglecting the other 95% of the world's population. The authors agree with Arnett's call for greater attention to this issue. However, they fundamentally disagree with his position on issues related to generalizability…

  11. Hispanic Psychology: Critical Issues in Theory and Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Padilla, Amado M., Ed.

    This book provides students, researchers, and practitioners with access to major theoretical and empirical issues in the field of Hispanic psychology. The book is divided into six parts: acculturation and adaptation, ethnic identity and behavior, clinical research and services, health and AIDS research, gender studies research, and education and…

  12. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 229-252. 2011 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.

    E-print Network

    Goldstone, Robert

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 229-252. © 2011 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences. Innovation, Imitation, and Problem-Solving in a Networked and performance. Rather than simply encouraging conformity, groups provided information to each individual about

  13. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 1, January, 2005. 2005 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 1, January, 2005. © 2005 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences. Dynamical Models of Happiness J. C. Sprott,1 University. The power of mathematics has rarely been applied to the dynamics of happiness, although some dynamical

  14. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 445-454. 2011 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 445-454. © 2011 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences Chaos in Easter Island Ecology J. C. Sprott1 , Department and illustrates the power of simple models to produce the kind of complex behavior that is ubiquitous

  15. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 3, July, 2004. 2004 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 8, No. 3, July, 2004. © 2004 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences Dynamical Models of Love J. C. Sprott1 , University to produce chaos. Key Words. Love, romance, differential equations, chaos. INTRODUCTION The power

  16. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol.8, No.1, January, 2004. 2004 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol.8, No.1, January, 2004. © 2004 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences Book Review Chaos and Time-Series Analysis. By Julien Clinton with color versions of many of the figures and much supplementaryand updated information (including answers

  17. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 223-232.1 2013 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.2

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 17, No. 2, pp. 223-232.1 © 2013 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.2 3 Is Chaos Good for Learning?4 5 J. C. Sprott 1 or perhaps prison. They behave unpredictably (Lynam & Widiger,37 2001) and have impaired memory that inhibits

  18. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 387-395.1 2012 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.2

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 387-395.1 © 2012 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.2 3 Spatiotemporal Chaos in Easter Island Ecology4 5 J. C), but with considerable uncertainty, and they only show solutions54 that attract to one of the stable equilibria (either

  19. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp.91-96. 2012 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Richard

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 1, pp.91-96. © 2012 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences. The Transience of Virtual Fractals R. P. Taylor 1 books, also known as peep show books, were popular as novelty souvenirs for tourist attractions

  20. Psychology and the Notion of the Spirit: Implications of Max Scheler's Anthropological Philosophy in Theory of Psychology.

    PubMed

    Lehmann O, Olga V; Klempe, Sven Hroar

    2015-09-01

    After many decades with neglect Max Scheler and his anthropological contributions to the understanding of human existence, have gotten  more attention in psychology and other humanities. One factor is the actuality of his main project of revaluating the roles of values in philosophy and science. Yet another is the way individual scholars have applied Scheler's philosophy and terms on different fields and arenas. Viktor Frankl was one of these, and he brought Scheler's philosophical anthropology into psychotherapeutic practice, offering theoretical and empirical arguments for considering the notion of the spirit as an interdependent -yet separate- entity in regards to the psyche and the soma. During this commentary on Allyushin (Integrative Psychology Behaviour, 48, 503-523, 2014), we will discuss some general aspects of Scheler's contribution to phenomenology, but focus specifically on the implication of his notion of the spirit for psychological theory, acknowledging the work that has been done in the field for at least 60 years in logotherapy and existential analysis. With this purpose, we will highlight four other notions interrelated with the motivational quality of the notion of the spirit: resentment, axiology of values; self-detachment and self-transcendence. PMID:25630299

  1. A basic need theory approach to problematic Internet use and the mediating effect of psychological distress

    PubMed Central

    Wong, Ting Yat; Yuen, Kenneth S. L.; Li, Wang On

    2015-01-01

    The Internet provides an easily accessible way to meet certain needs. Over-reliance on it leads to problematic use, which studies show can be predicted by psychological distress. Self-determination theory proposes that we all have the basic need for autonomy, competency, and relatedness. This has been shown to explain the motivations behind problematic Internet use. This study hypothesizes that individuals who are psychologically disturbed because their basic needs are not being met are more vulnerable to becoming reliant on the Internet when they seek such needs satisfaction from online activities, and tests a model in which basic needs predict problematic Internet use, fully mediated by psychological distress. Problematic Internet use, psychological distress, and basic needs satisfaction were psychometrically measured in a sample of 229 Hong Kong University students and structural equation modeling was used to test the hypothesized model. All indices showed the model has a good fit. Further, statistical testing supported a mediation effect for psychological distress between needs satisfaction and problematic Internet use. The results extend our understanding of the development and prevention of problematic Internet use based on the framework of self-determination theory. Psychological distress could be used as an early predictor, while preventing and treating problematic Internet use should emphasize the fulfillment of unmet needs. PMID:25642201

  2. Capable of Suicide: A Functional Model of the Acquired Capability Component of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Phillip N.; Cukrowicz, Kelly C.

    2010-01-01

    A functional model of the acquired capability for suicide, a component of Joiner's (2005) Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide, is presented. A component of Joiner's (2005) Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide a functional model of the acquired capability for suicide is presented. The model integrates the points discussed by…

  3. Psychology 675 Applied Psychological Measurement

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    ). Psychometric theory (3rd Ed.). New York: McGraw Hill. (NB) Hattrup, K. (2011). Psychological testing of psychological testing and measurement. In particular, upon completion of this course, students should (1) havePsychology 675 Applied Psychological Measurement Spring 2011 Instructor: Kate Hattrup, Ph.D. Office

  4. Screening wish theories: dream psychologies and early cinema.

    PubMed

    Marinelli, Lydia

    2006-03-01

    The analogy between dream and film represents a central thread in the psychoanalytic discussion of cinema. Using examples taken from films created between 1900 and 1906, this paper develops a typology of dream scenes in early film. The basis for the proposed typology is provided by the dream knowledge in circulation toward the end of the nineteenth century. This knowledge was fed by a great variety of sources, some of them in the proximity of scientific research and some of them far from it, including wish-fulfilling prognostic models and those based on the reservoir of memory or on bodily stimuli. By setting cinema in a context of contemporary dream psychologies, it is possible to trace the specific conditions under which the analogy between dream and cinema could become effective. PMID:17147217

  5. The Concept of Energy in Psychological Theory. Cognitive Science Program, Technical Report No. 86-2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Posner, Michael I.; Rothbart, Mary Klevjord

    This paper describes a basic framework for integration of computational and energetic concepts in psychological theory. The framework is adapted from a general effort to understand the neural systems underlying cognition. The element of the cognitive system that provides the best basis for attempting to relate energetic and computational ideas is…

  6. Latent Semantic Analysis: A Theory of the Psychology of Language and Mind.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Landauer, Thomas K.

    1999-01-01

    Contributes to communication theory and research by adding to a discussion of a computational model called latent semantic analysis (LSA). Argues that LSA does not handle all aspects of language processing, but offers a biologically and psychologically plausible mechanistic explanation of the acquisition, induction, and representation of verbal…

  7. The Role of Optimism in the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rasmussen, Kathy A.; Wingate, LaRicka R.

    2011-01-01

    A possible relationship between Joiner's (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior and optimism was investigated by examining the ability of optimism to act as a moderator of perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and acquired capability to engage in self-injury in the prediction of suicidal ideation. Results…

  8. Common prescriptions for psychology derived from dialectical materialism and chaos theory.

    PubMed

    Gilgen, A R

    2000-04-01

    During the entire Soviet period (1917-1991), Russian psychologists labored to create a psychology which would be consonant with Marxist-Leninist assumptions derived from dialectical materialism. Some of their early prescriptions, in particular those put forward by Konstantin N. Kornilov in the 1920s and early 1930s, are identical to strategies being advanced by contemporary American psychologists who propose that chaos theory and nonlinear meta-modeling techniques in general, given advances in computer and television technologies, can be designed for research capable of dealing with the complexities, nonlinearities, self-organizational processes, and abrupt transformations characteristic of human psychological functioning. PMID:10840901

  9. Activity Theories and the Ontology of Psychology: Learning from Danish and Russian Experiences.

    PubMed

    Mammen, Jens; Mironenko, Irina

    2015-12-01

    Psychology has permanent problems of theoretical coherence and practical, analytic and critical efficiency. It is claimed that Activity Theory (AT) with roots in a long European philosophical tradition and continued in Russian AT is a first step to remedy this. A Danish version of AT may have a key to exceed some, mostly implicit, ontological restrictions in traditional AT and free it from an embracement of functionalism and mechanicism, rooted in Renaissance Physics. The analysis goes back to Aristotle's understanding of the freely moving animal in its ecology and introduces some dualities in the encounter between subject and object which replace the dualistic dichotomies traditionally splitting Psychology in Naturwissenschaft vs. Geisteswissenshaft. This also implies a "Copernican turn" of Cartesian dualism. The perspectives are to give place for a phenomenology of meaning without cutting human psyche out of Nature and to open Psychology to its domain. PMID:26001990

  10. Theory underlying CRM training: Psychological issues in flight crew performance and crew coordination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Helmreich, Robert L.

    1987-01-01

    What psychological theory and research can reveal about training in Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is summarized. A framework is provided for the critical analysis of current approaches to CRM training. Background factors and definitions critical to evaluating CRM are reviewed, followed by a discussion of issues directly related to CRM training effectiveness. Some of the things not known about the optimization of crew performance and the research needed to make these efforts as effective as possible are described.

  11. Current Methodological Problems and Future Directions for Theory Development in the Psychology of Sport and Motor Behavior.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bird, Anne Marie; Ross, Diane

    1984-01-01

    A brief history of research in sport psychology based on Lander's (1982) analysis is presented. A systematic approach to theory building is offered. Previous methodological inadequacies are identified using examples of observational learning and anxiety. (Author/DF)

  12. Understanding psychological distress among mothers in rural Nepal: a qualitative grounded theory exploration

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background There is a large burden of psychological distress in low and middle-income countries, and culturally relevant interventions must be developed to address it. This requires an understanding of how distress is experienced. We conducted a qualitative grounded theory study to understand how mothers experience and manage distress in Dhanusha, a low-resource setting in rural Nepal. We also explored how distressed mothers interact with their families and the wider community. Methods Participants were identified during a cluster-randomised controlled trial in which mothers were screened for psychological distress using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). We conducted 22 semi-structured interviews with distressed mothers (GHQ-12 score ?5) and one with a traditional healer (dhami), as well as 12 focus group discussions with community members. Data were analysed using grounded theory methods and a model was developed to explain psychological distress in this setting. Results We found that distress was termed tension by participants and mainly described in terms of physical symptoms. Key perceived causes of distress were poor health, lack of sons, and fertility problems. Tension developed in a context of limited autonomy for women and perceived duty towards the family. Distressed mothers discussed several strategies to alleviate tension, including seeking treatment for perceived physical health problems and tension from doctors or dhamis, having repeated pregnancies until a son was delivered, manipulating social circumstances in the household, and deciding to accept their fate. Their ability to implement these strategies depended on whether they were able to negotiate with their in-laws or husbands for resources. Conclusions Vulnerability, as a consequence of gender and social disadvantage, manifests as psychological distress among mothers in Dhanusha. Screening tools incorporating physical symptoms of tension should be envisaged, along with interventions to address gender inequity, support marital relationships, and improve access to perinatal healthcare. PMID:24581309

  13. The Second Law of Thermodynamics Is the First Law of Psychology: Evolutionary Developmental Psychology and the Theory Of Tandem,

    E-print Network

    Cosmides, Leda

    The Second Law of Thermodynamics Is the First Law of Psychology: Evolutionary Developmental, and bidirectional" [p. 821]). In- deed, in the history of biology, almost the first thing known about the regulation

  14. Suicidal Desire and the Capability for Suicide: Tests of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior among Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Orden, Kimberly A.; Witte, Tracy K.; Gordon, Kathryn H.; Bender, Theodore W.; Joiner, Thomas E., Jr.

    2008-01-01

    The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (T. E. Joiner, 2005) proposes that an individual will not die by suicide unless he or she has both the desire to die by suicide and the ability to do so. Three studies test the theory's hypotheses. In Study 1, the interaction of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness…

  15. Psychological tensions found in suicide notes: a test for the strain theory of suicide.

    PubMed

    Zhang, Jie; Lester, David

    2008-01-01

    As a comprehensive and parsimonious theory explaining the socio-psychological mechanism prior to suicidal behavior, strain theory of suicide postulates that conflicting and competing pressures in an individual's life usually precede a suicide. The theory proposes four sources of strain leading to suicide: (1) value strain from conflicting values, (2) aspiration strain from the discrepancy between aspiration and reality, (3) deprivation strain from relative deprivation such as poverty, and (4) coping strain from deficient coping skills in the face of a crisis. This research has content-analyzed 40 suicide notes (20 by suicide completers and 20 by suicide attempters) and found strong support for the strain theory of suicide. Although little difference is found in the number and pattern of strains between the completers and attempters, both groups have many aspirations and coping strains and few value and deprivation strains. Also, the older a suicidal victim is, the more he/she feels deprived and lacks coping skills and feels less bothered with value conflicts. Although the study has offered some support for the new theory, future research with more rigorous quantitative data needs to be conducted to further test the theory on a more comprehensive level. PMID:18240036

  16. Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology

    E-print Network

    Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is concerned with both physical and psychological changes throughout life-- from conception until death. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching Program Developmental Psychology is a specialized major within Psychology that focuses on child

  17. Psyche=singularity: A comparison of Carl Jung's transpersonal psychology and Leonard Susskind's holographic string theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desmond, Timothy

    In this dissertation I discern what Carl Jung calls the mandala image of the ultimate archetype of unity underlying and structuring cosmos and psyche by pointing out parallels between his transpersonal psychology and Stanford physicist Leonard Susskind's string theory. Despite his atheistic, materialistically reductionist interpretation of it, I demonstrate how Susskind's string theory of holographic information conservation at the event horizons of black holes, and the cosmic horizon of the universe, corroborates the following four topics about which Jung wrote: (1) his near-death experience of the cosmic horizon after a heart attack in 1944; ( 2) his equation relating psychic energy to mass, "Psyche=highest intensity in the smallest space" (1997, 162), which I translate into the equation, Psyche=Singularity; (3) his theory that the mandala, a circle or sphere with a central point, is the symbolic image of the ultimate archetype of unity through the union of opposites, which structures both cosmos and psyche, and which rises spontaneously from the collective unconscious to compensate a conscious mind torn by irreconcilable demands (1989, 334-335, 396-397); and (4) his theory of synchronicity. I argue that Susskind's inside-out black hole model of our Big Bang universe forms a geometrically perfect mandala: a central Singularity encompassed by a two-dimensional sphere which serves as a universal memory bank. Moreover, in precise fulfillment of Jung's theory, Susskind used that mandala to reconcile the notoriously incommensurable paradigms of general relativity and quantum mechanics, providing in the process a mathematically plausible explanation for Jung's near-death experience of his past, present, and future life simultaneously at the cosmic horizon. Finally, Susskind's theory also provides a plausible cosmological model to explain Jung's theory of synchronicity--meaningful coincidences may be tied together by strings at the cosmic horizon, from which they radiate inward as the holographic "movie" of our three-dimensional world.

  18. PSYCHOLOGY 370 Psychological Testing and Measurement

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    PSYCHOLOGY 370 Psychological Testing and Measurement Spring 2008 Tuesday & Thursday, 11:00 AM - 12 to contact me) Required text: Murphy, K. R., & Davidshofer, C. O. (2005). Psychological testing: Principles is designed to provide an introduction to concepts, theories, and methods regarding psychological testing

  19. Effects of Theodore Millon's Teaching, Mentorship, Theory, and Scientific Contributions on Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine Research and Practice.

    PubMed

    Antoni, Michael H

    2015-01-01

    This article summarizes the impact of Theodore Millon's work on the disciplines of health psychology and behavioral medicine over the past 5 decades spanning from the late 1960s to present. The article is written from my perspectives as a graduate student mentored by Millon on through my faculty career as a collaborator in test construction and empirical validation research. Several of the most recent entries in this summary reflect projects that were ongoing at the time of his passing, revealing the innovation and visionary spirit that he demonstrated up until the end of his life. Considering that this summary is restricted to Millon's contributions to the disciplines of health psychology and behavioral medicine, this work comprises only a small portion of his larger contribution to the field of psychology and the areas of personality theory and psychological assessment more broadly. PMID:26046723

  20. Self psychology as a shift away from the paranoid strain in classical analytic theory.

    PubMed

    Terman, David M

    2014-12-01

    Classical psychoanalytic theory has a paranoid strain. There is, in effect, an "evil other"--the id--within each individual that must be tamed in development and confronted and worked through as resistance in treatment. This last has historically endgendered an adversarial relationship between patient and analyst. This paranoid strain came from a paranoid element in Freud's personality that affected his worldview, his relationships, and his theory. Self psychology offers a different view of development and conflict. It stresses the child's need for responsiveness from and admiration of caretakers in order to develop a well-functioning self. Though severe behavioral and character problems may result from faults in the process of self-construction, the essential need is not instinctual discharge but connection. Hence the long-assumed opposition between individual needs and social institutions or between patient and analyst is no longer inevitable or universal. Rather, an understanding of the primary need for connection creates both a different interpretive stance and a more cooperative ambience. These changes in theory and technique are traced to Kohut's personal struggles to emancipate himself from his paranoid mother. PMID:25339303

  1. The Application of the Theory of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior to Prevention Science in Counseling Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romano, John L.; Netland, Jason D.

    2008-01-01

    The theory of reasoned action and planned behavior (TRA/PB) is a model of behavior change that has been extensively studied in the health sciences but has had limited exposure in the counseling psychology literature. The model offers counseling psychologists a framework to conceptualize prevention research and practice. The model is important to…

  2. Applying Social Cognitive Career Theory to Predict Interests and Choice Goals in Statistics among Spanish Psychology Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanco, Angeles

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the usefulness of social cognitive career theory--SCCT (Lent, Brown, and Hackett, 1994) in predicting interests and goals relating to statistics among psychology students. The participants were 1036 Spanish students who completed measurements of statistics-related mastery experiences, self-efficacy, outcome expectations,…

  3. The Disillusionment of Students Denied Admission to a Preferred Major Viewed from the Perspective of a Psychological Theory of Alienation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Clifton E.

    2014-01-01

    Why students respond differently when they are denied admission to a preferred academic major may be explained using a psychological theory of alienation. Using this theoretical perspective, three trajectories producing feelings of alienation are presented. The most intense of these trajectories, the process of disillusionment, is examined using a…

  4. Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology.

    PubMed

    Staats, A W

    1994-01-01

    Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism. PMID:22478175

  5. The Effect of Perspective on Misconceptions in Psychology: A Test of Conceptual Change Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amsel, Eric; Johnston, Adam; Alvarado, Elly; Kettering, Jack; Rankin, Lauren; Ward, Melissa

    2009-01-01

    To test whether students' knowledge about psychology undergoes a conceptual change when learning about the discipline, 227 Introductory Psychology students from six different classes were given the Psychology as a Science (PAS) Scale in one of two conditions. Students were randomly assigned to complete the questionnaire from their own (Self…

  6. Does Ethical Theory Have a Place in Post-Kohlbergian Moral Psychology?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Bruce

    2010-01-01

    Philosophers tend to assume that theoretical frameworks in psychology suffer from conceptual confusion and that any influence that philosophy might have on psychology should be positive. Going against this grain, Dan Lapsley and Darcia Narvaez attribute the Kohlbergian paradigm's current state of marginalization within psychology to Lawrence…

  7. Intuitive physics and intuitive psychology (“theory of mind”) in offspring of mothers with psychoses

    PubMed Central

    Maróthi, Rebeka

    2014-01-01

    Offspring of individuals with psychoses sometimes display an abnormal development of cognition, language, motor performance, social adaptation, and emotional functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of children of mothers with schizophrenia (n = 28) and bipolar disorder (n = 23) to understand mental states of others using the Eyes Test (folk psychology or “theory of mind”) and physical causal interactions of inanimate objects (folk physics). Compared with healthy controls (n = 29), the children of mothers with schizophrenia displayed significantly impaired performances on the Eyes Test but not on the folk physics test when corrected for IQ. The children of mothers with bipolar disorder did not differ from the controls. The folk physics test showed a significant covariance with IQ, whereas the Eyes Test did not exhibit such covariance. These results suggest that the attribution of mental states, but not the interpretation of causal interaction of objects, is impaired in offspring of individuals with schizophrenia, which may contribute to social dysfunctions. PMID:24749009

  8. Understanding Bhutanese refugee suicide through the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior.

    PubMed

    Ellis, B Heidi; Lankau, Emily W; Ao, Trong; Benson, Molly A; Miller, Alisa B; Shetty, Sharmila; Lopes Cardozo, Barbara; Geltman, Paul L; Cochran, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Attention has been drawn to high rates of suicide among refugees after resettlement and in particular among the Bhutanese refugees. This study sought to understand the apparent high rates of suicide among resettled Bhutanese refugees in the context of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior (IPTS). Expanding on a larger investigation of suicide in a randomly selected sample of Bhutanese men and women resettled in Arizona, Georgia, New York, and Texas (Ao et al., 2012), the current study focused on 2 factors, thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, examined individual and postmigration variables associated with these factors, and explored how they differed by gender. Overall, factors such as poor health were associated with perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. For men, stressors related to employment and providing for their families were related to feeling burdensome and/or alienated from family and friends, whereas for women, stressors such as illiteracy, family conflict, and being separated from family members were more associated. IPTS holds promise in understanding suicide in the resettled Bhutanese community. PMID:25642653

  9. Vygotsky's Stage Theory: The Psychology of Art and the Actor under the Direction of "Perezhivanie"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smagorinsky, Peter

    2011-01-01

    This article reviews Vygotsky's writings on arts (particularly logocentric art including the theater) and emotions, drawing on his initial exploration in "The Psychology of Art" and his final considerations set forth in a set of essays, treatises, and lectures produced in the last years of his life. The review of "The Psychology of Art" includes…

  10. Positive Art Therapy: Linking Positive Psychology to Art Therapy Theory, Practice, and Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkinson, Rebecca A.; Chilton, Gioia

    2013-01-01

    As a growing movement in the larger field of mental health, positive psychology has much to offer the art therapy profession, which in turn is uniquely poised to contribute to the study of optimal functioning. This article discusses the relationship of positive psychology to art therapy and its capacity to mobilize client strengths, to induce…

  11. Analysis of cognitive theories in artificial intelligence and psychology in relation to the qualitative process of emotion

    SciTech Connect

    Semrau, P.

    1987-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze selected cognitive theories in the areas of artificial intelligence (A.I.) and psychology to determine the role of emotions in the cognitive or intellectual processes. Understanding the relationship of emotions to processes of intelligence has implications for constructing theories of aesthetic response and A.I. systems in art. Psychological theories were examined that demonstrated the changing nature of the research in emotion related to cognition. The basic techniques in A.I. were reviewed and the A.I. research was analyzed to determine the process of cognition and the role of emotion. The A.I. research emphasized the digital, quantifiable character of the computer and associated cognitive models and programs. In conclusion, the cognitive-emotive research in psychology and the cognitive research in A.I. emphasized quantification methods over analog and qualitative characteristics required for a holistic explanation of cognition. Further A.I. research needs to examine the qualitative aspects of values, attitudes, and beliefs on influencing the creative thinking processes. Inclusion of research related to qualitative problem solving in art provides a more comprehensive base of study for examining the area of intelligence in computers.

  12. Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology

    E-print Network

    Yu, Sheng-Tao

    Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1614; Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/educational- psychology/counseling-index.php COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY Revised November 2015 TRAINING OVERVIEW

  13. Psychology 410 Experimental Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 410 Experimental Psychology Fall 2008 Instructor: David A. Armor, Ph.D. Office: SSE 2307 of research methods in psychology. In this class, you will be asked to participate in psychological research Psychological Association. You also may have quite a bit of fun. This is a very demanding course

  14. Psychology 410 Experimental Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    of research methods in psychology. In this class, you will be asked to participate in psychological researchPsychology 410 Experimental Psychology Spring 2008 Instructor: David A. Armor, Ph.D. Office: SSE-style research reports using the latest edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological

  15. Psychological factors associated with weight loss maintenance: theory-driven practice for nurse practitioners.

    PubMed

    Valek, Rebecca M; Greenwald, Beverly J; Lewis, Carolyn C

    2015-04-01

    The authors discuss the psychological factors associated with weight loss maintenance and the use of Pender's health promotion model as a guide for the construction of clinical interventions to address these factors. The psychological factors include internal drive for weight maintenance, ongoing self-monitoring, long-term flexibility, positive mood and emotions, appropriate goals, and management of external stimuli. Nurse practitioners can help combat obesity trends through caring for patients in a holistic manner. Periodic psychological needs-assessments for patients who desire to maintain weight loss may further promote long-term success in weight management. PMID:25805385

  16. Western psychology and Muslim psychology in dialogue: comparisons between a Qura'nic theory of personality and Freud's and Jung's ideas.

    PubMed

    Abu-Raiya, Hisham

    2014-04-01

    In this paper, comparisons are made between a newly developed Qura'nic theory of personality and the Freudian and Jungian theories of the mind. Notable similarities were found between the Freudian id, ego, superego and neurosis and the Qura'nic nafs ammarah besoa' (evil-commanding psyche), a'ql (intellect), al-nafs al-lawammah (the reproachful psyche) and al-nafs al-marid'a (the sick psyche), respectively. Noteworthy resemblances were detected also between the Jungian concepts collective unconscious, archetypes, Self and individuation and the Qura'nic constructs roh (spirit), al-asmaa' (the names), qalb (heart), and al-nafs al-mutmainnah (the serene psyche), respectively. These parallels, as well as the departure points, between the models are thoroughly discussed and analyzed. The comparisons performed in this paper open new avenues for dialogue between western models of the psyche and their Muslim counterparts, a dialogue that can enrich both perspectives and advance the field of psychology. PMID:22739812

  17. Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology

    E-print Network

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577 WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY September, 2013 The program area of Educational Psychology offers they are admitted. Classes are offered at 4:30 p.m. Students must complete all classes in the sequence offered

  18. Causal beliefs about depression in different cultural groups—what do cognitive psychological theories of causal learning and reasoning predict?

    PubMed Central

    Hagmayer, York; Engelmann, Neele

    2014-01-01

    Cognitive psychological research focuses on causal learning and reasoning while cognitive anthropological and social science research tend to focus on systems of beliefs. Our aim was to explore how these two types of research can inform each other. Cognitive psychological theories (causal model theory and causal Bayes nets) were used to derive predictions for systems of causal beliefs. These predictions were then applied to lay theories of depression as a specific test case. A systematic literature review on causal beliefs about depression was conducted, including original, quantitative research. Thirty-six studies investigating 13 non-Western and 32 Western cultural groups were analyzed by classifying assumed causes and preferred forms of treatment into common categories. Relations between beliefs and treatment preferences were assessed. Substantial agreement between cultural groups was found with respect to the impact of observable causes. Stress was generally rated as most important. Less agreement resulted for hidden, especially supernatural causes. Causal beliefs were clearly related to treatment preferences in Western groups, while evidence was mostly lacking for non-Western groups. Overall predictions were supported, but there were considerable methodological limitations. Pointers to future research, which may combine studies on causal beliefs with experimental paradigms on causal reasoning, are given. PMID:25505432

  19. Arbitrary Metrics in Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanton, Hart; Jaccard, James

    2006-01-01

    Many psychological tests have arbitrary metrics but are appropriate for testing psychological theories. Metric arbitrariness is a concern, however, when researchers wish to draw inferences about the true, absolute standing of a group or individual on the latent psychological dimension being measured. The authors illustrate this in the context of 2…

  20. Model Selection and Psychological Theory: A Discussion of the Differences between the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vrieze, Scott I.

    2012-01-01

    This article reviews the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) in model selection and the appraisal of psychological theory. The focus is on latent variable models, given their growing use in theory testing and construction. Theoretical statistical results in regression are discussed, and more important…

  1. Multiracial Self-Identification and Adolescent Outcomes: A Social Psychological Approach to the Marginal Man Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Simon; Lively, Kathryn J.

    2009-01-01

    Recent public health research has consistently reported that self-identified multiracial adolescents tend to display more problem behaviors and psychological difficulties than monoracial adolescents. Relying on insights from qualitative analyses using small or clinical samples to interpret these empirical patterns, these studies implicitly assume…

  2. The use of the effect size in JCR Spanish journals of psychology: from theory to fact.

    PubMed

    García García, Juan; Ortega Campos, Elena; De la Fuente Sánchez, Leticia

    2011-11-01

    In 1999, Wilkinson and the Task Force on Statistical Inference published "Statistical Methods and Psychology: Guidelines and Explanation." The authors made several recommendations about how to improve the quality of Psychology research papers. One of these was to report some effect-size index in the results of the research. In 2001, the fifth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association included this recommendation. In Spain, in 2003, scientific journals like Psicothema or the International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology (IJCHP) published editorials and papers expressing the need to calculate the effect size in the research papers. The aim of this study is to determine whether the papers published from 2003 to 2008 in the four Spanish journals indexed in the Journal Citation Reports have reported some effect-size index of their results. The findings indicate that, in general, the followup of the norm has been scanty, though the evolution over the analyzed period is different depending on the journal. PMID:22059347

  3. Clinical Supervision and Psychological Functions: A New Direction for Theory and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pajak, Edward

    2002-01-01

    Relates Carl Jung's concept of psychological functions to four families of clinical supervision: the original clinical models, the humanistic/artistic models, the technical/didactic models, and the developmental/reflective models. Differences among clinical supervision models within these families are clarified as representing "communication…

  4. Using Achievement Goal Theory to Translate Evidence-Based Principles into Practice in Educational Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deemer, Sandra; Hanich, Laurie B.

    2005-01-01

    The role of educational psychology classes is often implied because of its inclusion in most teacher education programs; however, the struggle over how to structure courses has often resulted in learning experiences that do not best meet the needs of all students. The major controversy centers on both the course content and methodology used by…

  5. Measuring Lifestyle and Attachment: An Empirical Investigation Linking Individual Psychology and Attachment Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peluso, Paul R.; Peluso, Jennifer P.; Buckner, Janine P.; Kern, Roy M.; Curlette, William

    2009-01-01

    P. R. Peluso, J. P. Peluso, J. F. White, and R. M. Kern (2004) reviewed the theoretical constructs underlying the similarities between lifestyle and attachment style. Specifically, they suggested that the individual psychology construct of lifestyle (or style of life) and attachment style should be empirically investigated. The present research…

  6. “What about building 7?” A social psychological study of online discussion of 9/11 conspiracy theories

    PubMed Central

    Wood, Michael J.; Douglas, Karen M.

    2013-01-01

    Recent research into the psychology of conspiracy belief has highlighted the importance of belief systems in the acceptance or rejection of conspiracy theories. We examined a large sample of conspiracist (pro-conspiracy-theory) and conventionalist (anti-conspiracy-theory) comments on news websites in order to investigate the relative importance of promoting alternative explanations vs. rejecting conventional explanations for events. In accordance with our hypotheses, we found that conspiracist commenters were more likely to argue against the opposing interpretation and less likely to argue in favor of their own interpretation, while the opposite was true of conventionalist commenters. However, conspiracist comments were more likely to explicitly put forward an account than conventionalist comments were. In addition, conspiracists were more likely to express mistrust and made more positive and fewer negative references to other conspiracy theories. The data also indicate that conspiracists were largely unwilling to apply the “conspiracy theory” label to their own beliefs and objected when others did so, lending support to the long-held suggestion that conspiracy belief carries a social stigma. Finally, conventionalist arguments tended to have a more hostile tone. These tendencies in persuasive communication can be understood as a reflection of an underlying conspiracist worldview in which the details of individual conspiracy theories are less important than a generalized rejection of official explanations. PMID:23847577

  7. [Colors and their meaning in culture and psychology--a historical outline and contemporary status of color vision theories].

    PubMed

    Grzybowski, Andrzej; Lewicka, Romana; Torli?ska, Teresa; Stelcer, Bogus?aw

    2008-01-01

    The mechanism of color perception has intrigued scholars from antiquity. However, the understanding of this phenomena only came with the recognition of the nature of light and visual perception. Ancient concepts, present in science until the Renaissance, were based more on philosophical considerations and theoretical speculations than on anatomical studies and a matter-of-fact assessment of physiological functions of the visual system. From antiquity to 17th century scientific approach to the concept of vision was dominated by two theories: intromission and extramission (emanation). Intromission theory, propagated by Alhazen (lbn al.-Haythama), Vitello, John Peckham, Roger Bacon and Leonardo da Vinci, assumed that the light was transmitted from the observed object perpendicularly to the transparent eye structures. Johannes Kepler was the first scholar to propose that the retina was the receptive part of the eye. In the first half of the 17th century, Kepler's groundbreaking optical achievements and anatomical discoveries of many other scientists cast new light on the understanding of the role of different eye structures, finally wiping out the intromission theory. A further major achievement contributing to the recognition of the true nature of colors was a theory presented by Newton in 1688. He argued that they were colored rays, and not white light, that were composed of homogenous and pure light. It was, however, not until the 19th century when two modern theories of color appeared, i.e. a trichromatic theory mostly associated with the names of Young and Hemlholtz, and an opponent colors theory of Hering. In the 20th century, the two theories--previously assumed as contradictory--were joined into the zone theories of color vision. Colors have their cultural and social meanings, as far as a very individual and personal interpretation. In the former function they are used to illustrate some cultural and sociological phenomena; in the latter, they are helpful in psychological analyses of patients. The paper outlines major historical concepts of color perception and the present usefulness of color vision tests in psychology. PMID:18669099

  8. A Contemporary Story of School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Annan, Jean; Priestley, Anna

    2012-01-01

    A review of recent school psychology publications was conducted to discover the espoused theory of contemporary school psychology, as distinct from school psychology practice. We considered that identification of the espoused theory of school psychology, the story of school psychology, would support professional reflection and the identification…

  9. How fear of falling can increase fall-risk in older adults: applying psychological theory to practical observations.

    PubMed

    Young, William R; Mark Williams, A

    2015-01-01

    It is widely reported that fear of falling (FOF) has a profound and largely detrimental effect on balance performance in older adults. However, the mechanisms by which FOF influence postural stability are poorly understood. In the current article, we use psychological theory to explain FOF-related changes to postural control. First, we review literature describing associations between FOF and the 'stiffening' strategies observed during control of posture, including observations of eye and head movements. Second, we present a framework illustrating the interactions between increased age, FOF, and altered attentional processes, which in turn influence balance performance and fall-risk. Psychological theory predicts that anxiety can cause attentional bias for threatening and task-irrelevant stimuli and compromise the efficiency of working memory resources. We argue that while the adoption of stiffening strategies is likely to be beneficial in avoiding a loss of balance during simple postural tasks, it will ultimately compromise performance in dynamic and highly demanding functional tasks. The adoption of stiffening strategies leads to inadequate acquisition of the sensory information necessary to plan and execute dynamic and interactive movements. We conclude with some suggestions for future research. PMID:25278464

  10. Design and the Interpretation of Psychological Research Psychology 530

    E-print Network

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    Design and the Interpretation of Psychological Research Psychology 530 A.T. Panter General Description This course covers both theory and applied methods in psychological research, and in particular psychological research (both one's own research and the research of others). Prerequisites There are two

  11. Money Buys Financial Security and Psychological Need Satisfaction: Testing Need Theory in Affluence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell, Ryan T.; Kurai, Mark; Tam, Leona

    2013-01-01

    The most prominent theory to explain the curvilinear relationship between income and subjective well-being (SWB) is need theory, which proposes that increased income and wealth can lead to increased well-being in poverty because money is used to satisfy basic physiological needs. The present study tests the tenets of need theory by proposing that…

  12. From Tools to Theories: A Heuristic of Discovery in Cognitive Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gigerenzer, Gerd

    1991-01-01

    How scientists' tools have shaped theories of mind is explored, focusing on how methods of statistical inference have turned into metaphors of mind. The tools-to-theories heuristic explains emergence of a range of cognitive theories, and can be applied to current approaches that investigate the mind as an intuitive statistician. (SLD)

  13. Psychology 340 Social Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2008 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TA: Jennifer: Life Sciences 118A TA's e-mail: Jennifer_crowhurst@hotmail.com Textbook: Social Psychology (Ninth

  14. Psychology 260 Physiological Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 260 Physiological Psychology Instructor: Amy Spilkin, Ph.D. Office Hours: Before and after class and by appointment Location: LS-24C Phone: 858-822-6800 Email: aspilkin@crl.ucsd.edu (please allow 24 hours for response) Required Prerequisite: Psychology 101 and Biology 100 Materials: Kalat

  15. Psychology 340 Social Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 340 Social Psychology Spring 2009 Syllabus and Class Requirements Class meetings Office Hours: By appointment; usually available after class E-mail: jtwenge@mail.sdsu.edu TAs: Alexandra and Blackboard) Textbook: Social Psychology (Ninth Edition) by David G. Myers Final exam: Thursday, May 21, 1

  16. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 145-154. 2009 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Richard

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 145-154. © 2009 Society to contribute to the culture of aesthetics and philosophy. Proportional systems such as Phi or the Fibonacci

  17. Psychology in Action: Psychology in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsiao, Sigmund

    1977-01-01

    "Psychologists in the People's Republic of China are engaged in research concerning theory, Chinese language, child development, vision, audition, and areas of physiological psychology including acupuncture, pain, memory, and central nervous system functioning. The Institute of Psychology within the Chinese Academy of Sciences represents the…

  18. Making good theory practical: five lessons for an Applied Social Identity Approach to challenges of organizational, health, and clinical psychology.

    PubMed

    Haslam, S Alexander

    2014-03-01

    Social identity research was pioneered as a distinctive theoretical approach to the analysis of intergroup relations but over the last two decades it has increasingly been used to shed light on applied issues. One early application of insights from social identity and self-categorization theories was to the organizational domain (with a particular focus on leadership), but more recently there has been a surge of interest in applications to the realm of health and clinical topics. This article charts the development of this Applied Social Identity Approach, and abstracts five core lessons from the research that has taken this forward. (1) Groups and social identities matter because they have a critical role to play in organizational and health outcomes. (2) Self-categorizations matter because it is people's self-understandings in a given context that shape their psychology and behaviour. (3) The power of groups is unlocked by working with social identities not across or against them. (4) Social identities need to be made to matter in deed not just in word. (5) Psychological intervention is always political because it always involves some form of social identity management. Programmes that seek to incorporate these principles are reviewed and important challenges and opportunities for the future are identified. PMID:24627990

  19. Ethnic-Racial Stigma and Health Disparities: From Psychological Theory and Evidence to Public Policy Solutions

    PubMed Central

    Rivera, Luis M.

    2014-01-01

    The presence of diverse ethnic-racial groups in the United States today is a source of national pride. However, this cultural sentiment is overshadowed by the reality that those ethnic-racial groups that are stigmatized carry a disproportionate burden of negative physical health outcomes. These systematic differences are referred to as health disparities. Although this phenomenon is fairly well documented, relatively little is understood about the social contexts and the psychological processes they activate that contribute to poor health. More importantly, to demonstrate the processes underlying health disparities does not single-handedly address the issue of social injustice in the health of disadvantaged people. Scientists must assume the burden of facilitating the translation of their laboratory and community-based research to public policy recommendations. This volume of the Journal of Social Issues brings together social, developmental, cognitive, and clinical psychological research on the physical health of ethnic-racial stigmatized individuals in the United States. Each contribution explicitly discusses the implications of research for public health policy. PMID:25530632

  20. How Cultural Evolutionary Theory Can Inform Social Psychology and Vice Versa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mesoudi, Alex

    2009-01-01

    Cultural evolutionary theory is an interdisciplinary field in which human culture is viewed as a Darwinian process of variation, competition, and inheritance, and the tools, methods, and theories developed by evolutionary biologists to study genetic evolution are adapted to study cultural change. It is argued here that an integration of the…

  1. Psychological Plausibility of the Theory of Probabilistic Mental Models and the Fast and Frugal Heuristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dougherty, Michael R.; Franco-Watkins, Ana M.; Thomas, Rick

    2008-01-01

    The theory of probabilistic mental models (PMM; G. Gigerenzer, U. Hoffrage, & H. Kleinbolting, 1991) has had a major influence on the field of judgment and decision making, with the most recent important modifications to PMM theory being the identification of several fast and frugal heuristics (G. Gigerenzer & D. G. Goldstein, 1996). These…

  2. Functional magnetic resonance imaging provides new constraints on theories of the psychological refractory period.

    PubMed

    Jiang, Yuhong; Saxe, Rebecca; Kanwisher, Nancy

    2004-06-01

    We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the psychological refractory period (PRP), the delay in the response to the second of two tasks occurring in immediate succession. Our results were consistent with prior work on the PRP in that when two visual-manual tasks were presented within 100 ms of each other, the second response was delayed on the order of 500 ms, compared with when the two tasks were separated by 1,500 ms. Surprisingly, in brain regions postulated to be important for executive functions, there was virtually no increase in brain activation in the short-interval compared with the long-interval condition. These data suggest that passive queuing, rather than active monitoring, occurs during the PRP. PMID:15147492

  3. Cognitive Psychology Meets Psychometric Theory: On the Relation between Process Models for Decision Making and Latent Variable Models for Individual Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Maas, Han L. J.; Molenaar, Dylan; Maris, Gunter; Kievit, Rogier A.; Borsboom, Denny

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes latent variable models from a cognitive psychology perspective. We start by discussing work by Tuerlinckx and De Boeck (2005), who proved that a diffusion model for 2-choice response processes entails a 2-parameter logistic item response theory (IRT) model for individual differences in the response data. Following this line…

  4. Multidisciplinary Assessment and Treatment of Self-Injurious Behavior in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability: Integration of Psychological and Biological Theory and Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minshawi, Noha F.; Hurwitz, Sarah; Morriss, Danielle; McDougle, Christopher J.

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this review is to consider the psychological (largely behavioral) and biological [neurochemical, medical (including genetic), and pharmacological] theories and approaches that contribute to current thinking about the etiology and treatment of self-injurious behavior (SIB) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder and/or…

  5. The Impact of a Brief Training on Suicide for Graduate Students in Psychology, Incorporating Thomas Joiner's Theory of Why People Die by Suicide

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Weatherbee, Mary Jane

    2010-01-01

    Research has shown that there is a lack of formal training in suicide for mental health professionals in graduate psychology programs (Bongar & Harmatz, 1991; Batista, 2007). Suicide is a public health issue, with one suicide occurring approximately every 16 minutes in the United States (www.cdc.gov). A recently developed theory on why people die…

  6. 1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Offered through the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences' social and behavioral sciences discipline, the professional psychology program teaches students that combines extensive practical experience with classes on scientific foundations of psychology taught

  7. The Role of Reactance and Positive Emotions in Persuasive Health Messages: Refining the Theory of Psychological Reactance and the Politeness Theory and Testing the Theories of Positive Emotions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Eunsoon

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to expand research on persuasion 1) by examining psychological reactance as a function of threats to positive identity above and beyond threats to freedom and 2) by examining the role of positive emotions. An online survey recruited 478 students from undergraduate courses at several universities in the U.S. The study…

  8. Main Predictions of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior: Empirical Tests in Two Samples of Young Adults

    PubMed Central

    Joiner, Thomas E.; Van Orden, Kimberly A.; Witte, Tracy K.; Selby, Edward A.; Ribeiro, Jessica D.; Lewis, Robyn; Rudd, M. David

    2010-01-01

    The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (Joiner, 2005) makes two overarching predictions: 1) that perceptions of burdening others and of social alienation combine to instill the desire for death; and 2) that individuals will not act on the desire for death unless they have developed the capability to do so – a capability that develops through exposure and thus habituation to painful and/or fearsome experiences, and which is posited by the theory to be necessary to overcome powerful self-preservation pressures. Two studies test these predictions. In Study 1, the interaction of (low) family social support (cf. social alienation or low belonging) and feeling like one does not matter (cf. perceived burdensomeness) predicted current suicidal ideation, beyond depression indices. In Study 2, the three-way interaction between a measure of low belonging, a measure of perceived burdensomeness, and lifetime number of suicide attempts (viewed as a strong predictor of the level of acquired capability for suicide) predicted current suicide attempt (vs. ideation) among a clinical sample of suicidal young adults, again beyond depression indices and other key covariates. Implications for the understanding, treatment, and prevention of suicidal behavior are discussed. PMID:19685959

  9. Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;www.bath.ac.uk/psychology Artist's impression of new building for the Department of Psychology Welcome from the Head of Department The University of Bath is a world-class institution where Psychology is ranked 2nd in the UK in The Times

  10. Dyadic Power Theory, Touch, and Counseling Psychology: A Response to Smith, Vogel, Madon, and Edwards (2011)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunbar, Norah E.; Abra, Gordon

    2012-01-01

    Smith, Vogel, Madon, and Edwards' (2011) recent article tested dyadic power theory (DPT) by examining the use of touch as a compliance-gaining tactic in the conflicts of married couples. In this response, we raise a methodological issue about the touch behaviors examined by Smith et al. and also pose a theoretical critique that their test of DPT…

  11. Self-Theories: Their Role in Motivation, Personality, and Development. Essays in Social Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dweck, Carol S.

    Based on extensive research with children and young adults, this book examines adaptive and maladaptive cognitive-motivational patterns and shows how these patterns originate in people's self theories; their consequences for one's achievement, social relationships, and emotional well-being; their consequences for society; and the experiences that…

  12. On the Biological Plausibility of Grandmother Cells: Implications for Neural Network Theories in Psychology and Neuroscience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowers, Jeffrey S.

    2009-01-01

    A fundamental claim associated with parallel distributed processing (PDP) theories of cognition is that knowledge is coded in a distributed manner in mind and brain. This approach rejects the claim that knowledge is coded in a localist fashion, with words, objects, and simple concepts (e.g. "dog"), that is, coded with their own dedicated…

  13. Psychological Development: Becoming a Person.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Patricia M.

    1999-01-01

    Explains classic theories of adult development (stage/phase and life events and transitions) as well as newer theories (women's psychological development, Kegan's theory of consciousness). Presents implications for adult learning. (SK)

  14. Integrating Psychological Theory Into the Design of an Online Intervention for Sexual Health: The Sexunzipped Website

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background The Internet can provide a confidential and convenient medium for sexual health promotion for young people. Objective This paper describes the development of an interactive, theory-based website (Sexunzipped) aimed at increasing safe sexual behavior of young people, as well as an outline of the evaluation protocol. Methods The website focuses on safer sex, relationships, and sexual pleasure. An overview of the site is provided, including a description of the theoretical constructs which form the basis of the site development. An integrated behavioral model was chosen as the guiding theory for the Sexunzipped intervention. A randomized trial design will be used to evaluate the site quantitatively. Results The content of the site is described in detail with examples of the main content types: information pages, quizzes, and decision-making activities. We describe the protocol for quantitative evaluation of the website using a randomized trial design and discuss the principal challenges involved in developing the site, including the challenge of balancing the requirements of theory with young people’s views on website content and design. Conclusions Considerations for future interventions are discussed. Developing an online behavior-change intervention is costly and time consuming. Given the large public health potential, the cost involved in developing online interventions, and the need for attractive design, future interventions may benefit from collaborating with established sites that already have a user base, a brand, and a strong Internet presence. It is vital to involve users in decisions about intervention content, design, and features, paying attention to aspects that will attract and retain users’ interest. A central challenge in developing effective Internet-based interventions for young people is to find effective ways to operationalize theory in ways that address the views and perspectives of young people. PMID:23612122

  15. Psychology & Neuroscience

    E-print Network

    Brierley, Andrew

    142 Psychology & Neuroscience Degree options MA or BSc (Single Honours Degree) Psychology BSc (Single Honours Degree) Neuroscience (with School of Biology) Joint Honours Degrees Psychology and one of the majority of the course deals with the first-named subject: Psychology with Biology (BSc) Psychology

  16. An item response theory analysis of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles: comparing male and female probationers and prisoners.

    PubMed

    Walters, Glenn D

    2014-09-01

    An item response theory (IRT) analysis of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) was performed on 26,831 (19,067 male and 7,764 female) federal probationers and compared with results obtained on 3,266 (3,039 male and 227 female) prisoners from previous research. Despite the fact male and female federal probationers scored significantly lower on the PICTS thinking style scales than male and female prisoners, discrimination and location parameter estimates for the individual PICTS items were comparable across sex and setting. Consistent with the results of a previous IRT analysis conducted on the PICTS, the current results did not support sentimentality as a component of general criminal thinking. Findings from this study indicate that the discriminative power of the individual PICTS items is relatively stable across sex (male, female) and correctional setting (probation, prison) and that the PICTS may be measuring the same criminal thinking construct in male and female probationers and prisoners. PMID:24978132

  17. Finding "Meaning" in Psychology: A Lay Theories Approach to Self-Regulation, Social Perception, and Social Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molden, Daniel C.; Dweck, Carol S.

    2006-01-01

    Much of psychology focuses on universal principles of thought and action. Although an extremely productive pursuit, this approach, by describing only the "average person," risks describing no one in particular. This article discusses an alternate approach that complements interests in universal principles with analyses of the unique psychological

  18. Psychology of Personality, Spring 2011 1 Psychology 351: Psychology of Personality

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology of Personality, Spring 2011 1 Psychology 351: Psychology of Personality Spring 2011. W. (2011). Personality: Classic theories and modern research (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. (IBSN 391: "Major theoretical approaches to individual differences and the study of the person. Techniques

  19. Psychology 344 Psychology and Culture

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Introductory Psychology (PSY 101) is a required prerequisite for this course. #12;Class RequirementsPsychology 344 Psychology and Culture Fall 2008 Instructor: David A. Armor, Ph.D. Office: SSE 2307K aspects of human psychology. We will address basic questions about the nature of culture--and more far

  20. Psychology 344 Psychology and Culture

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology (PSY 101) is a required prerequisite for this course. #12;Class Requirements and Grading The finalPsychology 344 Psychology and Culture Fall 2010 Instructor: David A. Armor, Ph.D. Office: SSE 2307K aspects of human psychology. We will address basic questions about the nature of culture--and more far

  1. Theory- and Evidence- Based Intervention: Practice-Based Evidence--Integrating Positive Psychology into a Clinical Psychological Assessment and Intervention Model and How to Measure Outcome

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nissen, Poul

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, a model for assessment and intervention is presented. This model explains how to perform theory- and evidence- based as well as practice-based assessment and intervention. The assessment model applies a holistic approach to treatment planning, which includes recognition of the influence of community, school, peers, family and the…

  2. Undergraduate programmes in Psychology

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    many different aspects of psychology from child development to psychopharmacology, social psychology psychology; psychopharmacology, social psychology, clinical and forensic psychology and child development

  3. Polycultural psychology.

    PubMed

    Morris, Michael W; Chiu, Chi-yue; Liu, Zhi

    2015-01-01

    We review limitations of the traditional paradigm for cultural research and propose an alternative framework, polyculturalism. Polyculturalism assumes that individuals' relationships to cultures are not categorical but rather are partial and plural; it also assumes that cultural traditions are not independent, sui generis lineages but rather are interacting systems. Individuals take influences from multiple cultures and thereby become conduits through which cultures can affect each other. Past literatures on the influence of multiple cultural identities and cultural knowledge legacies can be better understood within a polyculturalist rubric. Likewise, the concept elucidates how cultures are changed by contact with other cultures, enabling richer psychological theories of intercultural influence. Different scientific paradigms about culture imply different ideologies and policies; polyculturalism's implied policy of interculturalism provides a valuable complement to the traditional policy frames of multiculturalism and colorblindness. PMID:25251481

  4. Educational Psychology and Technology: A Matter of Reciprocal Relations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Salomon, Gavriel; Almog, Tamar

    1998-01-01

    Describes the reciprocity of relationships between recent educationally relevant psychological conceptions and educationally oriented usages of technologies, analyzing recent theory and methodological developments in educational technology and psychology; showing how technology helps realize psychologically guided pedagogical conceptions; and…

  5. Multidisciplinary assessment and treatment of self-injurious behavior in autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability: integration of psychological and biological theory and approach.

    PubMed

    Minshawi, Noha F; Hurwitz, Sarah; Morriss, Danielle; McDougle, Christopher J

    2015-06-01

    The objective of this review is to consider the psychological (largely behavioral) and biological [neurochemical, medical (including genetic), and pharmacological] theories and approaches that contribute to current thinking about the etiology and treatment of self-injurious behavior (SIB) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder and/or intellectual disability. Algorithms for the assessment and treatment of SIB in this context, respectively, from a multidisciplinary, integrative perspective are proposed and challenges and opportunities that exist in clinical and research settings are discussed. PMID:25395094

  6. Positive Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Christopher

    2009-01-01

    Positive psychology is a deliberate correction to the focus of psychology on problems. Positive psychology does not deny the difficulties that people may experience but does suggest that sole attention to disorder leads to an incomplete view of the human condition. Positive psychologists concern themselves with four major topics: (1) positive…

  7. Psychological Science and Religious Education in a Devout University: The Case of Pain Overlap Theory and the Talmud

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schnall, Eliezer

    2014-01-01

    Educators employed in devoutly religious institutions often teach students who view even their secular higher education through a uniquely religious lens. Based on his own experiences teaching psychological science at a Jewish university, the author suggests enhancing student interest and enthusiasm by wedding secular curricula with religious…

  8. Multi-Level Discourse Analysis in a Physics Teaching Methods Course from the Psychological Perspective of Activity Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vieira, Rodrigo Drumond; Kelly, Gregory J.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, we present and apply a multi-level method for discourse analysis in science classrooms. This method is based on the structure of human activity (activity, actions, and operations) and it was applied to study a pre-service physics teacher methods course. We argue that such an approach, based on a cultural psychological perspective,…

  9. What is Psychology? Psychology is a science that seeks to understand and

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    What is Psychology? Psychology is a science that seeks to understand and explain thoughts, emotions and behavior. There are many specialties within the field of psychology and there are two different general approaches. Some individuals in psychology do experiments and theorize, while others focus on applying theory

  10. Psychology 404 Psychology of Religion

    E-print Network

    Handy, Todd C.

    Psychology 404 Psychology of Religion Tue and Thu 11:00-12:20 (Section 101) SWING 107 Tue and Thu 2 to the scientific study of religion. We will focus on the psychological and cultural origins of religious behavior. Culturally variable as well as universal aspects of religion will be considered in light of various

  11. Socioecological psychology.

    PubMed

    Oishi, Shigehiro

    2014-01-01

    Socioecological psychology investigates humans' cognitive, emotional, and behavioral adaption to physical, interpersonal, economic, and political environments. This article summarizes three types of socioecological psychology research: (a) association studies that link an aspect of social ecology (e.g., population density) with psychology (e.g., prosocial behavior), (b) process studies that clarify why there is an association between social ecology and psychology (e.g., residential mobility ? anxiety ? familiarity seeking), and (c) niche construction studies that illuminate how psychological states give rise to the creation and maintenance of a social ecology (e.g., familiarity seeking ? dominance of national chain stores). Socioecological psychology attempts to bring the objectivist perspective to psychological science, investigating how objective social and physical environments, not just perception and construal of the environments, affect one's thinking, feeling, and behaviors, as well as how people's thinking, feeling, and behaviors give rise to social and built environments. PMID:23987114

  12. Clinical Psychology UNIVERSITYOFTASMANIA

    E-print Network

    Wapstra, Erik

    Clinical Psychology UNIVERSITYOFTASMANIA Postgraduate courses in Psychology: pathwayto opportunity. #12;Professional Training in Clinical Psychology Postgraduate training in clinical psychology of Psychology ­ MPsych(Clin) · Doctor of Psychology ­ DPsych(Clin) · Doctor of Philosophy ­ PhD(Clin) Students

  13. The Development, Evolution, and Status of Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities: Reflections and Future Directions for Counseling Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nauta, Margaret M.

    2010-01-01

    This article celebrates the 50th anniversary of the introduction of John L. Holland's (1959) theory of vocational personalities and work environments by describing the theory's development and evolution, its instrumentation, and its current status. Hallmarks of Holland's theory are its empirical testability and its user-friendliness. By…

  14. Psychology and Education, Together Again

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenfield, Sylvia

    2008-01-01

    The relationship between psychology and education has waxed and waned over the past century. In addition, a core issue for psychologists is how to bridge the gap between theory and practice in applied settings such as schools. While acknowledging the work that has been done, it is apparent that the effective dissemination of psychology to…

  15. Disconnecting Positive Psychology and OBM

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyten, Cloyd

    2005-01-01

    This paper responds to the article by Wiegand and Geller which advocates broadening the content of OBM by assimilating content from non-behavioral psychologies. I argue that these psychologies have theories and aims so incompatible with OBM that no added value will be obtained by forming an interconnection. Specific problems with positive…

  16. [Psychological violences].

    PubMed

    Leray, M

    2014-12-01

    Among the various forms of violence inflicted on a child, psychological violence holds a significant place in terms of frequency, diversity and damage done, as serious and pervasive consequences can be observed on the child's development. This article highlights and assesses the psychological consequences provoked by psychological violences perpetrated by parents, teachers or other children in different situations, such as domestic violence, divorce and school bullying. It also gives some indications for intervention and prevention in those situations. PMID:25449447

  17. [Political psychology].

    PubMed

    Resch, Mária; Bella, Tamás

    2013-04-21

    In Hungary one can mostly find references to the psychological processes of politics in the writings of publicists, public opinion pollsters, philosophers, social psychologists, and political analysts. It would be still important if not only legal scientists focusing on political institutions or sociologist-politologists concentrating on social structures could analyse the psychological aspects of political processes; but one could also do so through the application of the methods of political psychology. The authors review the history of political psychology, its position vis-à-vis other fields of science and the essential interfaces through which this field of science, which is still to be discovered in Hungary, connects to other social sciences. As far as its methodology comprising psycho-biographical analyses, questionnaire-based queries, cognitive mapping of interviews and statements are concerned, it is identical with the psychiatric tools of medical sciences. In the next part of this paper, the focus is shifted to the essence and contents of political psychology. Group dynamics properties, voters' attitudes, leaders' personalities and the behavioural patterns demonstrated by them in different political situations, authoritativeness, games, and charisma are all essential components of political psychology, which mostly analyses psychological-psychiatric processes and also involves medical sciences by relying on cognitive and behavioural sciences. This paper describes political psychology, which is basically part of social sciences, still, being an interdisciplinary science, has several ties to medical sciences through psychological and psychiatric aspects. PMID:23587541

  18. The Psychology of Syllogisms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson-Laird, Philip N.; Steedman, Mark

    1978-01-01

    Based upon the concept that the psychological meaning of a syllogism depends upon the order of the premises in addition to the formal logic expressed, the analogical theory of the interpretation of syllogisms is developed, experimentally tested, and implemented as a computer program. (CTM)

  19. APA Educational Psychology Handbook

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Karen R., Ed.; Graham, Steve, Ed.; Urdan, Tim, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    The "APA Educational Psychology Handbook" reflects the broad nature of the field today, with state-of-the-science reviews of the diverse critical theories driving research and practice; in-depth investigation of the range of individual differences and cultural/contextual factors that affect student achievement, motivation, and beliefs; and close…

  20. Evolution of psychological diversity in anthropoids 

    E-print Network

    Adams, Mark James

    2012-11-28

    Differential psychologists rightly identified evolutionary theory as a unifying framework for explaining the origins and persistence of individual differences in a wide array of human psychological characteristics. ...

  1. Behavioral evaluation of the psychological welfare and environmental requirements of agricultural research animals: theory, measurement, ethics, and practical implications.

    PubMed

    King, Lesley A

    2003-01-01

    The welfare of agricultural research animals relies not only on measures of good health but also on the presence of positive emotional states and the absence of aversive or unpleasant subjective states such as fear, frustration, or association with pain. Although subjective states are not inherently observable, their interaction with motivational states can be measured through assessment of motivated behavior, which indicates the priority animals place on obtaining or avoiding specific environmental stimuli and thus allows conclusions regarding the impact of housing, husbandry, and experimental procedures on animal welfare. Preference tests and consumer demand models demonstrate that animal choices are particularly valuable when integrated with other behavioral and physiological measurements. Although descriptive assessments of apparently abnormal behavior such as stereotypies and "vacuum behaviors" provide indications of potentially impoverished environments, they should be used with some caution in drawing welfare conclusions. The development of stereotypies may in some cases be linked to psychiatric dysfunction and reflect underlying neurophysiological impairments, which have implications for the ability to perform flexible behavior and thus the quality of research data provided by this kind of behavioral measurement (e.g., in pharmaceutical research). Environmental modifications, commonly termed "enrichment," can have diverse consequences for cognitive function, physiological responses, health, psychological welfare, and research data. Simple practical modifications of housing, husbandry, and experimental design are suggested to improve the psychological welfare of agricultural research animals in accordance with the principles of refining, reducing, and replacing (the "3Rs"), which underlie US Public Health Service Policy, and prevailing public ethics. PMID:12789022

  2. Measuring Student Teachers' Basic Psychological Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vermeulen, Marjan; Castelijns, Jos; Kools, Quinta; Koster, Bob

    2012-01-01

    In Self-Determination Theory, basic psychological needs for relatedness, autonomy and competence are distinguished. Basic psychological need-fulfilment is considered to be critical for human development and intrinsic motivation. In the Netherlands, the concept of basic psychological need-fulfilment is introduced in the curricula of many teacher…

  3. Psychology 350 Abnormal Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    =EmailImport #12;10 11/3 Midterm #2 11/5 Eating disorders, sleep disorders Chap. 10 11/7 Gender identity disorder, and treatment 10/17 Integrative theory 8 10/20-22 Anxiety disorders Chap. 6 10/24 Mood disorders Chap. 8 9 10/27 Mood disorders 10/29-31 Substance abuse disorders, impulse control Chap. 9, 13 disorders (pg. 465

  4. Social Psychological Consequences of Interpersonal Relations: A Confirmatory Approach to Testing Deutsch's Theory of Cooperation and Conflict Resolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Quahwu

    This study tested M. Deutsch's theory of cooperation and conflict resolution using an intervention project at an inner city alternative high school in New York City. The study was designed to test the theory by confirmatory structural modeling and by evaluating the intervention. The procedure involved a pre- and post-test procedure administered…

  5. PSYCHOLOGY 370 Psychological Testing and Measurement

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    PSYCHOLOGY 370 Psychological Testing and Measurement Fall 2010 - Section 1 Instructor: Keith 248 Texts: Hattrup, K. (2006). Psychological Testing and Measurement: A Pragmatic Approach. REQUIRED Kaplan, R. M., & Saccuzzo, D. P. (2008). Psychological Testing: Principles, applications, and issues. (7

  6. Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements

    E-print Network

    Chase, Sheila

    Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements The minor program in Psychology is designed to expose students to a variety of content areas in the field of Psychology and to provide the student with the ability to evaluate Psychology researcher as a consumer. To declare a Psychology minor, the student must

  7. A Theoretical Upgrade of the Concept of Parental Psychological Control: Proposing New Insights on the Basis of Self-Determination Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soenens, Bart; Vansteenkiste, Maarten

    2010-01-01

    Psychological control refers to manipulative parental behavior that intrudes upon the child's psychological world. During the past decade, socialization research has consistently demonstrated the negative effects of psychologically controlling parenting on children's and adolescents' development. However, there has been relatively little advance…

  8. Ecological psychology and social psychology: continuing discussion.

    PubMed

    Charles, Eric P

    2012-06-01

    What form would an ideal merger of ecological and social psychology take? Is that ideal attainable? Many researchers and theorists are working to answer these questions. Charles (2009, 2011a) offered insights from E. B. Holt, one of James J. Gibson's mentors, who argued that minds-mental kinds, processes, states, etc.-are observable aspects of the environment. Phrasing that in Ecological terms, the minds of other organisms are specified in the structure of ambient energy extended over time and space; they are directly perceivable by a properly attuned organism. Ecological Psychology enhances Holt's story, by brining to the table a sophisticated theory of direct perception; Holt enhances the Ecological story by brining to the table a sophisticated theory about the nature of minds. The two combine to form the long-sought ideal merger. Thus, I claimed, Ecological Psychology will either rediscover its roots, or go through the trouble of re-creating them. This paper further develops those ideas, by presenting a simpler version of the argument, suggesting easy ways of dismissing that argument, and addressing the concerns expressed by Castro and Lafuente (2011). PMID:21809179

  9. [Psychology in rehabilitation].

    PubMed

    Haag, G; Lucius, G

    1984-02-01

    The article gives an overview of the importance and potentialities of psychology in the context of rehabilitation, outlining, among others, the psychologist's various tasks and functions relative to diagnosis, counselling, and therapy in medical, education, vocational, and psychosocial rehabilitation. Theories describing psychosocial factors involved in the development of, and in coping with, disability are discussed. Further, psychological intervention approaches are set out, focussing on their particular relevance to rehabilitation. Special attention is given to the psychologist's position within the interdisciplinary team, as well as to possibilities for, and requirements of, professional training and further education in rehabilitation psychology. As the various subjects could not be dealth with exhaustively, the article includes numerous references for further reading and links up with subsequent five contributions dealing with the main theme of the present issue of Die Rehabilitation. PMID:6701388

  10. Sport Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krotee, March L.

    1980-01-01

    Sport psychology is defined in terms of human behavior in athletic situations. The psychosocial cross-cultural setting provides a model for studying trait and state psychosocial attributes and suggests issues and concerns for further study. (JMF)

  11. A Marxist approach to psychology and psychiatry.

    PubMed

    Nahem, J

    1982-01-01

    Marxism considers psychology and psychiatry to be young and complex sciences which are powerfully affected by the nature of society. Marxism contributes to these sciences by applying dialectical and historical materialism to their study and development. The Marxist critique of psychology and psychiatry under capitalism identifies the immense harmful effect on them of capitalist class ideology in a number of areas: anti-working class theories, racism, national chauvinism, sexism, theories of fixed evil human nature, and false or one-sided theories. Socialism is held to provide a healthy environment for individual psychological development and to utilize psychology and psychiatry for scientific and humane ends. PMID:7076375

  12. Model selection and psychological theory: A discussion of the differences between the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC)

    PubMed Central

    Vrieze, Scott I.

    2012-01-01

    This article reviews the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) in model selection and the appraisal of psychological theory. The focus is on latent variable models given their growing use in theory testing and construction. We discuss theoretical statistical results in regression and illustrate more important issues with novel simulations involving latent variable models including factor analysis, latent profile analysis, and factor mixture models. Asymptotically, the BIC is consistent, in that it will select the true model if, among other assumptions, the true model is among the candidate models considered. The AIC is not consistent under these circumstances. When the true model is not in the candidate model set the AIC is effcient, in that it will asymptotically choose whichever model minimizes the mean squared error of prediction/estimation. The BIC is not effcient under these circumstances. Unlike the BIC, the AIC also has a minimax property, in that it can minimize the maximum possible risk in finite sample sizes. In sum, the AIC and BIC have quite different properties that require different assumptions, and applied researchers and methodologists alike will benefit from improved understanding of the asymptotic and finite-sample behavior of these criteria. The ultimate decision to use AIC or BIC depends on many factors, including: the loss function employed, the study's methodological design, the substantive research question, and the notion of a true model and its applicability to the study at hand. PMID:22309957

  13. Learning by building: A visual modelling language for psychology students

    E-print Network

    Holland, Simon

    Learning by building: A visual modelling language for psychology students Paul Mulholland building computational models of psychological theories in order to learn more about them, and is a major research area allied to psychology and artificial intelligence. The main problem is that few psychology

  14. Theories of Learning for the Workplace: Building Blocks for Training and Professional Development Programs. Routledge Psychology in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dochy, Filip; Gijbels, David; Segers, Mien; Van den Bossche, Piet

    2011-01-01

    Workplace and professional learning, lifelong learning, adult learning, learning in different contexts have become of more and more interest and now dominate all aspects of 21st century life. Learning is no longer about "storing and recall" but "development and flow". "Theories of Learning in the Workplace" offers fascinating overviews into some…

  15. What Can Psychology Tell Us about Teaching Dance? The Potential Contribution of Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chedzoy, S. M.; Burden, R. L.

    2007-01-01

    This study explores the potential contribution of the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) to our understanding of student teachers' strength of intention to teach dance prior to and following an intensive eight-hour module before beginning their school-based practice. Students attending a primary Postgraduate Certificate in Education Course (PGCE)…

  16. Prospect theory and body mass: characterizing psychological parameters for weight-related risk attitudes and weight-gain aversion

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Seung-Lark; Bruce, Amanda S.

    2015-01-01

    We developed a novel decision-making paradigm that allows us to apply prospect theory in behavioral economics to body mass. 67 healthy young adults completed self-report measures and two decision-making tasks for weight-loss, as well as for monetary rewards. We estimated risk-related preference and loss aversion parameters for each individual, separately for weight-loss and monetary rewards choice data. Risk-seeking tendency for weight-loss was positively correlated with body mass index in individuals who desired to lose body weight, whereas the risk-seeking for momentary rewards was not. Risk-seeking for weight-loss was correlated to excessive body shape preoccupations, while aversion to weight-gain was correlated with self-reports of behavioral involvement for successful weight-loss. We demonstrated that prospect theory can be useful in explaining the decision-making process related to body mass. Applying prospect theory is expected to advance our understanding of decision-making mechanisms in obesity, which might prove helpful for improving healthy choices. PMID:25852628

  17. Psychological Review 2000, Vol. 107, No. 2, 358-367

    E-print Network

    Cottrell, Garrison W.

    Psychological Review 2000, Vol. 107, No. 2, 358-367 Copyright 2000 by the American Psychological Is a Good Fit? A Comment on Theory Testing Seth Roberts University of California, Berkeley Harold Pashler of psychology; there seem to be no examples of a theory supported mainly by good fits that has led

  18. Research Review Psychology 2011

    E-print Network

    Theune, Mariët

    Research Review Psychology 2011 QANU July 2012 #12;QANU / Psychology research assessment 20122;QANU / Psychology Research assessment 2012 3 CONTENTS 1. The Review Committee and review procedures...............................................166 Appendix D: Additional information regarding the Leiden Institute of Psychology ..............169

  19. Psychology Today.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderssen, Arthur

    2003-01-01

    Describes the design of the University of Texas Austin's Seay Psychology and Child Development & Family Relationships building. With modern technique and materials, the Seay building adds to the established architectural language of the campus, offering a richly tactile structure and adjoining outdoor space embracing the tenets of successful…

  20. Space psychology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

    1974-01-01

    Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

  1. Black Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

    The contents of the present volume, designed to bring together in a single place writings by the new black psychologists and other black social and behavioral scientists, are organized in seven parts, as follows: Part I, "Black Psychology: Perspectives," includes articles by Cedric Clark, Wade W. Nobles, Doris P. Mosby, Joseph White, and William…

  2. Adult Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bischof, Ledford J.

    This volume comprehensively reviews the research on the psychology of the middle aged (ages 40-65). Topics include the concept of maturity and maturation models, the measurement and influences of adult self image; marriage and sexual patterns; intergenerational relationships between and children; vocations and avocations (work, retirement, play,…

  3. A Coaching Psychology Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    In "Psychology in its place" (2008), John Radford considers "what is or should be the "place" of Psychology in education, more particularly Higher Education". In this article, the author looks at the possible inclusion of coaching psychology within undergraduate psychology programmes. Coaching psychology as an applied area of psychology

  4. Subjective Probability and Information Retrieval: A Review of the Psychological Literature.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thompson, Paul

    1988-01-01

    Reviews the subjective probability estimation literature of six schools of human judgement and decision making: decision theory, behavioral decision theory, psychological decision theory, social judgement theory, information integration theory, and attribution theory. Implications for probabilistic information retrieval are discussed, including…

  5. Cultural psychology.

    PubMed

    Heine, Steven J; Ruby, Matthew B

    2010-03-01

    Humans are a cultural species, constantly navigating a complex web of culturally bound practices, norms, and worldviews. This article provides a brief overview of the relatively young field of cultural psychology, which investigates the many ways psychology and culture interweave with one another. Highlighting the cultural nature of the human species, it draws upon research on cultural evolution, enculturation, and developmental processes. This review further summarizes a number of cultural differences in how people perceive the self, and the behavioral consequences that follow from these differences, in the domains of internal and external attribution styles, motivations for self-enhancement, approach/avoidance, primary and secondary control, as well as motivations for distinctiveness and conformity. Additionally, the review discusses research on the intersection of culture and emotion, as well as cultural differences in cognition, perception, and reasoning. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website. PMID:26271239

  6. Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rapport, Zachary

    2011-01-01

    The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

  7. Page 1 of 4 PSYCHOLOGY 331

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Page 1 of 4 PSYCHOLOGY 331 PSYCHOLOGY OF INFANT AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT FALL 2008 Class Time: Tues theories have shaped our current knowledge of child development, and look ahead to new directions. COURSE of 4 COURSE FORMAT This course will include lectures, reading assignments, infant visits, video

  8. Teaching Community Psychology in Postapartheid South Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    White, Aaronette M.; Potgieter, Cheryl A.

    1996-01-01

    Examines a community psychology course that stresses community empowerment, the myth of neutrality and objectivity in community psychology, and democratic accountability to the community. The course includes a brief history of race, class, and gender oppression in South Africa and concludes with a unit on converting social theory into practice.…

  9. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCffiNCE Research Article

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Kent

    PSYCHOLOGICAL SCffiNCE Research Article UTILIZATION OF METACOGNTTIVE JUDGMENTS IN THE ALLOCATION of learning This issue is important both because of its implications for psychological theory (e g , in models-monitonng can be causally effi- cacious for multitnal leammg A second goal was to test the adequacy

  10. Narratology, Cultural Psychology, and Counseling Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoshmand, Lisa Tsoi

    2005-01-01

    Narratological research is defined in relation to narrative theory and a cultural psychology perspective. Narrative concepts and methodology are explained, including the configural mode of understanding and principles of narrative analysis. Examples of application in psychological and counseling research are presented, with a discussion of issues…

  11. Precursors of Vocational Psychology in Ancient Civilizations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dumont, Frank; Carson, Andrew D.

    1995-01-01

    Examines philosophical theories produced by two ancient civilizations (Eastern Mediterranean and Chinese) for applications to an applied psychology of work. Includes analysis of Egyptians, Semites, and Greeks, with a special emphasis on Plato. Suggests that many basic elements of vocational psychology were present during the first millennium B.C.…

  12. Women's Feminist Consciousness, Anger, and Psychological Distress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Ann R.; Good, Glenn E.

    2004-01-01

    The goal of this study was to bring together several lines of research and theory on women's feminist consciousness from psychology, sociology, and philosophy. Past literatures had suggested bivariate links between feminist identity development and psychological distress, feminist identity and anger, feminist identity and interpersonal conflict,…

  13. Vygotsky's Psychology: A Biography of Ideas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozulin, Alex

    Noting that the previous two decades have seen Lev Vygotsky's psychology become highly influential while the psychology of other theoretical giants has faded, this book provides a major intellectual biography about Vygotsky's theories and their relationship to twentieth-century Russian and Western intellectual culture. The book traces Vygotsky's…

  14. Psychology for the Classroom: E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woollard, John

    2011-01-01

    "Psychology for the Classroom: E-Learning" is a lively and accessible introduction to the field of technology-supported teaching and learning and the educational psychology associated with those developments. Offering a substantial and useful analysis of e-learning, this practical book includes current research, offers a grounding in both theory

  15. Essential Role of Culture in Developmental Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Joan G.

    2005-01-01

    This chapter argues for the essential role of culture in forming the basic constructs and theories of developmental psychology. The case is made for the need to overcome the cultural insularity of core developmental concepts and methods in order to create a psychology that is more truly universal.

  16. Comparative Psychology: An Epigenetic Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greenberg, Gary

    1987-01-01

    A comparative psychology course oriented around the themes of phylogeny and ontogeny is described. The course emphasizes the evolution and development of behavioral processes and includes a discussion of the concept of integrative levels and Schneirla's approach/withdrawal theory. The course evaluates genetic determinism and stresses the principle…

  17. BIological Psychology, Exercise, and Stress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dishman, Rod K.

    1994-01-01

    Reviews theory and methods used by the field of biological psychology to study stress that have potential for understanding how behavioral and biological adaptations to the stress of exercise are integrated. The overview focuses on anxiety, depression, and physiological responsiveness to nonexercise stressors from the perspective of biological…

  18. Psychology Needs Realism, Not Instrumentalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haig, Brian D.

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the author presents his comments on "Realism, Instrumentalism, and Scientific Symbiosis: Psychological Theory as a Search for Truth and the Discovery of Solutions" by John T. Cacioppo, Gun R. Semin and Gary G. Berntson. In the original article, the authors recommended the combined use of the philosophies of scientific realism and…

  19. Vygotsky's Developmental and Educational Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langford, Peter E.

    2005-01-01

    Vygotsky is widely considered one of the most significant and influential psychologists of the twentieth century. Nevertheless, true appreciation of his theories has been hindered by a lack of understanding of the background to his thought. "Vygotsky's Developmental and Educational Psychology" aims to demonstrate how we can come to a new and…

  20. 24.120 Moral Psychology, Fall 2005

    E-print Network

    Holton, Richard, 1962-

    The course is an examination of philosophical theories of action and motivation in the light of empirical findings from social psychology, sociology and neuroscience. Topics include Belief, Desire, and Moral Motivation; ...

  1. Buddha philosophy and western psychology

    PubMed Central

    Aich, Tapas Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Four noble truths as preached by Buddha are that the life is full of suffering (Duhkha), that there is a cause of this suffering (Duhkha-samudaya), it is possible to stop suffering (Duhkha-nirodha), and there is a way to extinguish suffering (Duhkha-nirodha-marga). Eight fold Path (astangika-marga) as advocated by Buddha as a way to extinguish the sufferings are right views, right resolve/aspiration, right speech, right action/conduct, right livelihood, right effort right mindfulness and right concentration. Mid-twentieth century saw the collaborations between many psychoanalysts and Buddhist scholars as a meeting between “two of the most powerful forces” operating in the Western mind. Buddhism and Western Psychology overlap in theory and in practice. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. Orientalist Alan Watts wrote ‘if we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism, we do not find either philosophy or religion as these are understood in the West. We find something more nearly resembling psychotherapy’. Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. This essay is just an expression of what little the current author has understood on Buddha philosophy and an opportunity to offer his deep tribute to one of the greatest psychotherapists the world has ever produced! PMID:23858249

  2. Psychological sequelae of acne vulgaris

    PubMed Central

    Magin, Parker; Adams, Jon; Heading, Gaynor; Pond, Dimity; Smith, Wayne

    2006-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To investigate the psychological sequelae of acne vulgaris. DESIGN Qualitative study using a grounded-theory approach. SETTING General practices and specialty dermatology practices in Newcastle, Australia. PARTICIPANTS Patients with current acne recruited from the practices. METHOD We used semistructured interviews and recorded participants’ comments verbatim. Data analysis was cumulative and concurrent throughout the data-collection period. Coding and analysis was done in the inductive tradition. MAIN FINDINGS Interviews were conducted with 26 subjects who represented a range of ages and acne severity. Psychological morbidity was considerable. Though participants had mood and anxiety symptoms, these symptoms tended to be subsyndromal and evanescent. More prominent symptoms were embarrassment, impaired self-image, low self-esteem, self-consciousness, frustration, and anger. Some subjects thought that acne had affected their personalities permanently and adversely. Psychological sequelae were attributed to the effects of facial acne on appearance. CONCLUSION The psychological effects of acne can be considerable. The psychological morbidity is complex and often does not conform to standard psychiatric disease criteria. Recognition and management of the psychological sequelae of acne by general practitioners is of considerable importance. PMID:17273501

  3. Psychological Bulletin 1990, Vol.108, No. 3, 551-567

    E-print Network

    Townsend, James T.

    Psychological Bulletin 1990, Vol.108, No. 3, 551-567 Copyright 1990 by the American Psychological, because all weaker distinctions are logically implied. Implications of the theory for hypothesis testing are outlined. There are many occasions in psychological research when experimenters are concerned with two

  4. Psychological Review 1996, Vol. 103, No. 4. 734-760

    E-print Network

    Lin, Kevin K.

    Psychological Review 1996, Vol. 103, No. 4. 734-760 Copyright 1996 by the American Psychological enough to fit at least 1 of the functions tested with a correlation coefficient of .90 or greater. Each kinds of memory.At a more abstract level, it is about the role of theory and data in psychological

  5. The Brain's "New" Science: Psychology, Neurophysiology, and Constraint*

    E-print Network

    Hatfield, Gary

    The Brain's "New" Science: Psychology, Neurophysiology, and Constraint* Gary Hatfield University that brain science will or should provide for any future possible psychological theories. Hempel (1949 behavior and brain states. Quine (1974) maintained that mentalistic talk could be tolerated in psychology

  6. 1 | P a g e Philosophy of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Machery, Edouard

    from the philosophy of science. They describe and evaluate the discovery heuristics, theories1 | P a g e Philosophy of Psychology Edouard Machery Abstract: Philosophy of psychology takes, and explanatory practices endorsed by psychologists. Finally, much philosophy of psychology can be characterized

  7. Psychology: Discipline Analysis. Women in the Curriculum Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madden, Margaret E.; Russo, Nancy Felipe

    This essay examines the ways in which psychology, as a discipline, has been influenced by feminist scholarship in the field. Noting that feminist psychologists have challenged the assumption that psychological science is value-free, it cites ways in which values have affected psychological theory and method. The view that men's behavior is…

  8. Giving Psychological Science Away

    E-print Network

    Klatzky, Roberta

    Giving Psychological Science Away The Role of Applications Courses Roberta L. Klatzky Carnegie reasons for that gap, including confusion between the relevance of psychological science and its actual students constitute a relatively underutilized audience for demonstrating that psychological science has

  9. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE IN THE PUBLIC INTEREST VOL. 2, NO. 2, NOVEMBER 2001 Copyright 2001 American Psychological Society 31

    E-print Network

    Port, Robert

    discusses research, theory, and prac- tice relevant to how children learn to read English. After an initial Psychological Society 31 HOW PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE INFORMS THE TEACHING OF READING Keith Rayner,1 Barbara R overview of writing systems, the discussion summarizes research from developmental psychology on children

  10. Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zucchero, Renee' A.

    2011-01-01

    Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

  11. Dual Processes in the Psychology of Mathematics Education and Cognitive Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillard, Ellen; Van Dooren, Wim; Schaeken, Walter; Verschaffel, Lieven

    2009-01-01

    Research in the psychology of mathematics education has been confronted with the fact that people blatantly fail to solve tasks they are supposed to be able to solve correctly given their available domain-specific knowledge and skills. Also researchers in cognitive psychology have encountered such phenomena. In this paper, theories that have been…

  12. 1 Psychology Psychology is one of the most popular majors at GW and the

    E-print Network

    Vertes, Akos

    undergraduate program in the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences. As part of the social and behavioral sciences division within the school, the program exposes students to basic psychological theory, helps them (http:// bulletin.gwu.edu/arts-sciences/psychology/ba) · Combined program (http://bulletin.gwu.edu/arts-sciences

  13. THE MENTALLY RETARDED CHILD, A PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH. MCGRAW-HILL SERIES IN PSYCHOLOGY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ROBINSON, HALBERT B.; ROBINSON, NANCY M.

    PRESENTING A PSYCHOLOGICAL APPROACH TO MENTAL RETARDATION, THIS TEXT BEGINS WITH A DISCUSSION OF THEORIES OF INTELLIGENCE, PROBLEMS OF DEFINITION, AND THE CURRENT STATUS OF THE FIELD OF MENTAL RETARDATION. A SECTION ON ETIOLOGY AND SYNDROMES PRESENTS INFORMATION ON GENETIC FACTORS AND GENETIC SYNDROMES AND THE PHYSICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL

  14. Introduction to Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Lesley

    Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an overview of…

  15. Mainstreaming Culture in Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheung, Fanny M.

    2012-01-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural…

  16. Undergraduate Guide of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Neri, Peter

    Undergraduate Guide The School of Psychology www.abdn.ac.uk/psychology #12;Welcome to the School of Psychology at the University of Aberdeen. It is my hope that you will join our inspiring and friendly and with the right skill set for the next stage of your career. Professor Neil Macrae Head of School Welcome www.abdn.ac.uk/psychology

  17. 216 Bishop's University 2015/2016 PSY 309 Industrial and Organizational Psychology 3-3-0

    E-print Network

    216 · Bishop's University 2015/2016 PSY 309 Industrial and Organizational Psychology 3-3-0 This course introduces students to theories and applications of psychology to human resource concerns Psychology 3-3-0 This course examines the psychology related to developing and improving the physical

  18. Embodiment in social psychology

    E-print Network

    Meier, Brian P.; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John A.

    2012-01-01

    Embodiment in Social Psychology Brian P. Meier,a Simone Schnall,b Norbert Schwarz,c John A. Barghd aDepartment of Psychology, Gettysburg College bDepartment of Social and Developmental Psychology, University of Cambridge cDepartment of Psychology, University... of Michigan dDepartment of Psychology, Yale University Received 24 January 2011; received in revised form 20 January 2012; accepted 19 May 2012 Abstract Psychologists are increasingly interested in embodiment based on the assumption that thoughts, feelings...

  19. Psychological Type and the Matching of Cognitive Styles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bargar, Robert R.; Hoover, Randy L.

    1984-01-01

    Carl Jung's theory of psychological type is explored and related to education in this article. A model of the interaction between teacher, student, subject matter, and instructional alternatives is examined and the educational implications are discussed. This theory is used to illustrate how psychological-type influences teaching and learning…

  20. Big Questions Facing Vocational Psychology: A Cognitive Information Processing Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reardon, Robert C.; Lenz, Janet G.; Sampson, James P., Jr.; Peterson, Gary W.

    2011-01-01

    This article draws upon the authors' experience in developing cognitive information processing theory in order to examine three important questions facing vocational psychology and assessment: (a) Where should new knowledge for vocational psychology come from? (b) How do career theories and research find their way into practice? and (c) What is…

  1. Positive Psychology and Positive Education: Old Wine in New Bottles?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kristjansson, Kristjan

    2012-01-01

    The recently fashionable theories of positive psychology have educational ramifications at virtually every level of engagement, culminating in the model of positive education. In this critical review, I scrutinize positive education as a potential theory in educational psychology. Special attention is given to conceptual controversies and…

  2. Bayesian Just-So Stories in Psychology and Neuroscience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowers, Jeffrey S.; Davis, Colin J.

    2012-01-01

    According to Bayesian theories in psychology and neuroscience, minds and brains are (near) optimal in solving a wide range of tasks. We challenge this view and argue that more traditional, non-Bayesian approaches are more promising. We make 3 main arguments. First, we show that the empirical evidence for Bayesian theories in psychology is weak.…

  3. Critical Contributions of Piaget to Humanistic Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cassel, Russell N.

    Humanistic psychologists now embrace many of the same principles which served as the basis for Piaget's theory. These same theories were described earlier by John Locke and Immanuel Kant, and were the basis of the new "Humanism" movement in Germany in the 18th century. If one considers humanistic psychology as a kind of culmination of the…

  4. Memorial University Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Oyet, Alwell

    1 Memorial University Department of Psychology GRADUATE STUDENT & SUPERVISOR HANDBOOK 2014 ­ 2015 .........................................................................................................................5 Masters of Applied Social Psychology (MASP ............................................................................9 Experimental Psychology

  5. A Brief History of the Development of Abnormal Psychology: A Training Guide. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phelps, William R.

    Presented for practitioners is a history of the development of abnormal psychology. Areas covered include the following: Early medical concepts, ideas carried over from literature, early treatment of the mentally ill, development of the psychological viewpoint, Freud's psychoanalytic theory, Jung's analytic theory, the individual psychology of…

  6. Reintroducing the Concept of Complementarity into Psychology.

    PubMed

    Wang, Zheng; Busemeyer, Jerome

    2015-01-01

    Central to quantum theory is the concept of complementarity. In this essay, we argue that complementarity is also central to the emerging field of quantum cognition. We review the concept, its historical roots in psychology, and its development in quantum physics and offer examples of how it can be used to understand human cognition. The concept of complementarity provides a valuable and fresh perspective for organizing human cognitive phenomena and for understanding the nature of measurements in psychology. In turn, psychology can provide valuable new evidence and theoretical ideas to enrich this important scientific concept. PMID:26640454

  7. Reintroducing the Concept of Complementarity into Psychology

    PubMed Central

    Wang, Zheng; Busemeyer, Jerome

    2015-01-01

    Central to quantum theory is the concept of complementarity. In this essay, we argue that complementarity is also central to the emerging field of quantum cognition. We review the concept, its historical roots in psychology, and its development in quantum physics and offer examples of how it can be used to understand human cognition. The concept of complementarity provides a valuable and fresh perspective for organizing human cognitive phenomena and for understanding the nature of measurements in psychology. In turn, psychology can provide valuable new evidence and theoretical ideas to enrich this important scientific concept. PMID:26640454

  8. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report

    E-print Network

    Coulson, Seana

    PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report 348 Copyright © 2001 American Psychological Society VOL. 12). The present study was designed to provide a critical test to discriminate between these two views. The re

  9. Psychological Component of Infertility

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Organizations Resources: FAQs › FAQs - The Psychological Component of Infertility -- written by the ASRM Mental Health Professional Group ( ... Professional in your area ) Q1. What impact does infertility have on psychological well being? Infertility often creates ...

  10. Validation of the Bipolar Disorder Etiology Scale Based on Psychological Behaviorism Theory and Factors Related to the Onset of Bipolar Disorder

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Objectives The aim of this study was to identify psychosocial factors related to the onset of bipolar I disorder (BD). To do so, the Bipolar Disorder Etiology Scale (BDES), based on psychological behaviorism, was developed and validated. Using the BDES, common factors related to both major depressive disorder (MDD) and BD and specific factors related only to BD were investigated. Method The BDES, which measures 17 factors based on psychological behaviorism hypotheses, was developed and validated. This scale was administered to 113 non-clinical control subjects, 30 subjects with MDD, and 32 people with BD. ANOVA and post hoc analyses were conducted. Subscales on which MDD and BD groups scored higher than controls were classified as common factors, while those on which the BD group scored higher than MDD and control groups were classified as specific factors. Results The BDES has acceptable reliability and validity. Twelve common factors influence both MDD and BD and one specific factor influences only BD. Common factors include the following: learning grandiose self-labeling, learning dangerous behavior, reinforcing impulsive behavior, exposure to irritability, punishment of negative emotional expression, lack of support, sleep problems, antidepressant problems, positive arousal to threat, lack of social skills, and pursuit of short-term pleasure. The specific factor is manic emotional response. Conclusions Manic emotional response was identified as a specific factor related to the onset of BD, while parents’ grandiose labeling is a candidate for a specific factor. Many factors are related to the onset of both MDD and BD. PMID:25549262

  11. Psychology 531: Psychological Tests and Measurement Sample Syllabus

    E-print Network

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    Psychology 531: Psychological Tests and Measurement Sample Syllabus R.J. Gregory, Psychological, not a guarantee or contract. #12;Psychology 531: Psychological Tests and Measurement The Formal Grading System of (three or four of) you will each make up your own "psychological test" and report on data arising from

  12. Psychology Bachelor of Arts http://psychology.ucsd.edu

    E-print Network

    Squire, Larry R.

    Psychology Bachelor of Arts http://psychology.ucsd.edu The UC San Diego Department of Psychology of the mind. Students who major in psychology can expect to develop knowledge in a broad range of content areas of experimental psychology, with areas of specialization in Clinical Psychology, Cognitive

  13. www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour?

    E-print Network

    Haykin, Simon

    www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour? Psychology, Neuroscience, speech pathology, clinical psychology, and the business world. HERE'S A QUICK LOOK AT THE PROGRAMS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE & BEHAVIOUR (PNB) · Honours B.Sc. Psychology

  14. The Role of Psychological Needs for Autonomy, Competence, Relatedness and Money-luxury in State Authenticity 

    E-print Network

    Renwick, Louisa Catherine

    2009-07-03

    This study aimed to determine the effects of psychological needs on states of authenticity. Self-determination theory proposes three basic psychological needs, for autonomy, competence and relatedness (Deci & Ryan, 1985). ...

  15. Approaching Adult Education Literature Using the Donlevy Template of Perspectives: A Focus on the Psychological Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donlevy, James G.; Donlevy, Tia Rice

    1998-01-01

    Provides brief descriptions of adult education from technological, psychological, ideological, and sociological perspectives. Author examines the psychological perspective, highlighting the work of Jack Mezirow (transformation theory), Roger Gould (seven-step adult development process), Patricia Cranton (Understanding and Promoting Transformative…

  16. Psychology for All

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popovic, Nash

    2008-01-01

    In "Psychology in its place" (2008) John Radford explores and attempts to initiate a debate on what is or should be the place and role of psychology in Higher Education, primarily as a main subject for a first degree. In this paper, the author raises the stakes, and argues that Higher Education should provide a certain form of practical psychology

  17. Psychology in Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

    2011-01-01

    The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

  18. Psychology: Student Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stark, Rebecca

    This book published in 1986 introduces students to psychology and its related subject areas. Students learn that psychology has matured through the centuries from its taboo beginnings in supernatural beliefs and magic to its current status as a scientific discipline. Sections of the book include: (1) "What is Psychology?"; (2) "Human Development";…

  19. Psychology 333 Developmental Psychopathology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 333 Developmental Psychopathology Instructor: Amy Spilkin, Ph.D. Office Hours: Before and after class and by appointment Location: La Jolla Village Professional Center, Suite C-109 Phone: 858 range of psychological disorders in children. We will discuss how biological, psychological, and socio

  20. Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333 Spring 2008 Instructor Name: V. Robin Weersing, Ph@sciences.sdsu.edu Prerequisites Please note that Introductory Psychology (PSY 101) and Developmental Psychology (PSY 230 techniques. Material will be presented and discussed in class that is not contained in the textbook

  1. Psychology in India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

    2011-01-01

    Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

  2. Francis Bacon's behavioral psychology.

    PubMed

    MacDonald, Paul S

    2007-01-01

    Francis Bacon offers two accounts of the nature and function of the human mind: one is a medical-physical account of the composition and operation of spirits specific to human beings, the other is a behavioral account of the character and activities of individual persons. The medical-physical account is a run-of-the-mill version of the late Renaissance model of elemental constituents and humoral temperaments. The other, less well-known, behavioral account represents an unusual position in early modern philosophy. This theory espouses a form of behavioral psychology according to which (a) supposed mental properties are "hidden forms" best described in dispositional terms, (b) the true character of an individual can be discovered in his observable behavior, and (c) an "informed" understanding of these properties permits the prediction and control of human behavior. Both of Bacon's theories of human nature fall under his general notion of systematic science: his medical-physical theory of vital spirits is theoretical natural philosophy and his behavioral theory of disposition and expression is operative natural philosophy. Because natural philosophy as a whole is "the inquiry of causes and the production of effects," knowledge of human nature falls under the same two-part definition. It is an inquisition of forms that pertains to the patterns of minute motions in the vital spirits and the production of effects that pertains both to the way these hidden motions produce behavioral effects and to the way in which a skillful agent is able to produce desired effects in other persons' behavior. PMID:17623872

  3. Can modular psychological concepts like affect and emotion be assigned to a distinct subset of regional neural circuits?. Comment on "The quartet theory of human emotions: An integrative and neurofunctional model" by S. Koelsch et al.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fehr, Thorsten; Herrmann, Manfred

    2015-06-01

    The proposed Quartet Theory of Human Emotions by Koelsch and co-workers [11] adumbrates evidence from various scientific sources to integrate and assign the psychological concepts of 'affect' and 'emotion' to four brain circuits or to four neuronal core systems for affect-processing in the brain. The authors differentiate between affect and emotion and assign several facultative, or to say modular, psychological domains and principles of information processing, such as learning and memory, antecedents of affective activity, emotion satiation, cognitive complexity, subjective quality feelings, degree of conscious appraisal, to different affect systems. Furthermore, they relate orbito-frontal brain structures to moral affects as uniquely human, and the hippocampus to attachment-related affects. An additional feature of the theory describes 'emotional effector-systems' for motor-related processes (e.g., emotion-related actions), physiological arousal, attention and memory that are assumed to be cross-linked with the four proposed affect systems. Thus, higher principles of emotional information processing, but also modular affect-related issues, such as moral and attachment related affects, are thought to be handled by these four different physiological sub-systems that are on the other side assumed to be highly interwoven at both physiological and functional levels. The authors also state that the proposed sub-systems have many features in common, such as the selection and modulation of biological processes related to behaviour, perception, attention and memory. The latter aspect challenges an ongoing discussion about the mind-body problem: To which degree do the proposed sub-systems 'sufficiently' cover the processing of complex modular or facultative emotional/affective and/or cognitive phenomena? There are current models and scientific positions that almost completely reject the idea that modular psychological phenomena are handled by a distinct selection of regional brain systems or neural modules, but rather suggest highly complex and cross-linked neural networks individually shaped by livelong learning and experience [e.g., 6,7,10,13]. This holds in particular true for complex emotional phenomena such as aggression or empathy in social interaction [8,13]. It thus remains questionable, whether - beyond primary sensory and motor-processing - a small number of modular sub-systems sufficiently cover the organisation of specific phenomenological and social features of perception and behaviour [7,10].

  4. Utopianism in psychology: the case of Wilhelm Reich.

    PubMed

    Pietikainen, Petteri

    2002-01-01

    This article examines utopian elements in Wilhelm Reich's writings in his American phase (1939-1957) in order to illustrate utopian sources of dynamic psychology. Although there are scholars who have used the term "psychological utopia" and applied it to individual thinkers (Reich, Marcuse, Fromm) and to specific psychological disciplines (psychoanalysis, behaviorism, cognitive psychology), the term itself has remained elusive and vague. Furthermore, there have been few attempts to systematically examine utopian elements in twentieth-century psychology in general and the basic assumptions of psychological utopianism in particular. While pointing out that Reich's orgonomic theories have no scientific merit, this article argues for the relevancy of his ideas for understanding the nature of utopianism in dynamic psychology. PMID:11954039

  5. Realizing the promise of social psychology in improving public health.

    PubMed

    Klein, William M P; Shepperd, James A; Suls, Jerry; Rothman, Alexander J; Croyle, Robert T

    2015-02-01

    The theories, phenomena, empirical findings, and methodological approaches that characterize contemporary social psychology hold much promise for addressing enduring problems in public health. Indeed, social psychologists played a major role in the development of the discipline of health psychology during the 1970s and 1980s. The health domain allows for the testing, refinement, and application of many interesting and important research questions in social psychology, and offers the discipline a chance to enhance its reach and visibility. Nevertheless, in a review of recent articles in two major social-psychological journals (Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin and Journal of Personality and Social Psychology), we found that only 3.2% of 467 studies explored health-related topics. In this article, we identify opportunities for research at the interface of social psychology and health, delineate barriers, and offer strategies that can address these barriers as the discipline continues to evolve. PMID:24981514

  6. Is Psychoanalysis a Folk Psychology?

    PubMed Central

    Arminjon, Mathieu

    2013-01-01

    Even as the neuro-psychoanalytic field has matured, from a naturalist point of view, the epistemological status of Freudian interpretations still remains problematic at a naturalist point of view. As a result of the resurgence of hermeneutics, the claim has been made that psychoanalysis is an extension of folk psychology. For these “extensionists,” asking psychoanalysis to prove its interpretations would be as absurd as demanding the proofs of the scientific accuracy of folk psychology. I propose to show how Dennett’s theory of the intentional stance allows us to defend an extensionist position while sparing us certain hermeneutic difficulties. In conclusion, I will consider how Shevrin et al. (1996) experiments could turn extensionist conceptual considerations into experimentally testable issues. PMID:23525879

  7. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General Copyright 1998 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 1998, Vol. 127, No.1, 3-21 0096-3445/98/$3.00

    E-print Network

    Cosmides, Leda

    Journal of Experimental Psychology: General Copyright 1998 by the American Psychological that conform to may principles of probability theory when (a) they are asked to compute a frequency instead and make inferences about it is under intensive study in many branches of psychology: perception

  8. A bottomup approach with a clear view of the top: How human evolutionary psychology can inform adaptive behavior research

    E-print Network

    Todd, Peter M.

    , reason). But the full power of Darwinian theory is almost never used in day­to­day psychology researchA bottom­up approach with a clear view of the top: How human evolutionary psychology can inform of Sussex Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QH, England (Now at Department of Psychology, University of Nottingham; gfm@psychology

  9. Cognitive Psychology and Constructivism: Concepts, Principles, and Implications within the Social Science Disciplines and Applications for Social Studies Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stahl, Robert J.

    After a brief introduction to cognitive psychology, this paper provides a set of principles from cognitive psychology, information processing theory, and constructivist psychology; outlines examples of the existence and often longtime, conscious use of contemporary cognitive psychology assumptions and conceptions in the social and behavioral…

  10. Mainstreaming culture in psychology.

    PubMed

    Cheung, Fanny M

    2012-11-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural personality assessment, the author discusses the inadequacies of sole reliance on either the etic or the emic approach and points out the advantages of a combined emic-etic approach in bridging global and local human experiences in psychological science and practice. With the blurring of the boundaries between North American-European psychologies and psychology in the rest of the world, there is a need to mainstream culture in psychology's epistemological paradigm. Borrowing from the concept of gender mainstreaming that embraces both similarities and differences in promoting equal opportunities, the author discusses the parallel needs of acknowledging universals and specifics when mainstreaming culture in psychology. She calls for building a culturally informed universal knowledge base that should be incorporated in the psychology curriculum and textbooks. PMID:23163473

  11. MSc Psychology of Language 2014/15 PSYCHOLOGY OF LANGUAGE

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    MSc Psychology of Language 2014/15 1 MSc/Dip PSYCHOLOGY OF LANGUAGE PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2014-2015 School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences University of Edinburgh #12;MSc Psychology FAQs Page 26 Student Representation Page 27 #12;MSc Psychology of Language 2014/15 3 INTRODUCTION

  12. Graduate Programs in Psychology The psychology department offers courses of

    E-print Network

    Graduate Programs in Psychology The psychology department offers courses of study leading to the Doctor of Philosophy degree. Students may complete requirements for study in human factors psychology, community psychology, or clinical psychology. Students in the doctoral program can be awarded the master

  13. On the Unification of Psychology, Methodology, and Pedagogy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wettersten, John

    1987-01-01

    The psychological and methodological bases of the Agassi teaching method are described to provide a context for evaluating the theory. A brief history of Selzian psychology and Popper's methodology is given. The Agassi method, which stresses learning through questioning, is detailed. (JL)

  14. Four Psychologies Applied to Education: Freudian, Behavioral, Humanistic, Transpersonal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Thomas B., Ed.

    This document presents 62 selected articles of psychology and education which demonstrate how educational theory and practice have changed and broadened to meet the need for new modes of teaching and learning. The writings, which show how psychologies can be complementary ways of understanding human behavior, are accompanied by both theoretical…

  15. Using Online Psychological Consultation in Early Childhood Student Teacher Preparation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Ann; Dygdon, Judith A.

    2006-01-01

    This paper describes the incorporation of online psychological consultation regarding child behavior in an early childhood teacher education program. The authors discuss psychological consultation in terms of current theory and philosophy in early childhood teacher education in general, and in terms of the professional objectives of this specific…

  16. Teaching Function and Practice Thinking of Psychological Movies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wu, Weidong

    2010-01-01

    Psychology teaching was implemented in virtue of excellent psychological movies, which not only could help to stimulate students' interest, and make the abstract theory concretion and visualization, but also provide the scenes similar to the reality for students' learning with attempts to improve their learning achievement. However, as for the…

  17. A "Narrowing of Inquiry" in American Moral Psychology and Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Richardson, Michael J.; Slife, Brent D.

    2013-01-01

    We explore the possibility that a priori philosophical commitments continue to result in a narrowing of inquiry in moral psychology and education where theistic worldviews are concerned. Drawing from the theories of Edward L. Thorndike and John Dewey, we examine naturalistic philosophical commitments that influenced the study of moral psychology

  18. Perceiving Nonhumans: Human Moral Psychology and Animal Ethics 

    E-print Network

    Kasperbauer, Tyler

    2014-04-17

    beings. These mistaken moral psychological views, I argue, limit these theories’ ability to act as a guide in people’s treatment of animals. To develop my argument, I propose five criteria by which to assess the psychological plausibility of ethical...

  19. The Teaching of Psychology with a Gender-Balanced Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaremba, Stacey Beth

    Traditional psychological theories are designed, in large part, to explain the behavior of white males, viewing female behavior as deviant or deficient, or ignoring it altogether. While special undergraduate topics courses, such as those on the psychology of women, address this problem in part, many institutions cannot afford to offer them. In…

  20. An Evaluation of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 Using Item Response Theory: Which Items Are Most Strongly Related to Psychological Distress?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meijer, Rob R.; de Vries, Rivka M.; van Bruggen, Vincent

    2011-01-01

    The psychometric structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18; Derogatis, 2001) was investigated using Mokken scaling and parametric item response theory. Data of 487 outpatients, 266 students, and 207 prisoners were analyzed. Results of the Mokken analysis indicated that the BSI-18 formed a strong Mokken scale for outpatients and…

  1. Hans Driesch and the problems of "normal psychology". Rereading his Crisis in Psychology (1925).

    PubMed

    Allesch, Christian G

    2012-06-01

    In 1925, the German biologist and philosopher Hans Driesch published a booklet entitled The Crisis in Psychology. It was originally published in English and was based on lectures given at various universities in China, Japan and the USA. The "crisis" in psychology of that time, in Driesch's opinion, lies in the necessity to decide about "the road which psychology is to follow in the future". This necessity refers to five "critical points", namely (1) to develop the theory of psychic elements to a theory of meaning by phenomenological analysis, (2) the overcoming of association theory, (3) to acknowledge that the unconscious is a fact and a "normal" aspect of mental life, (4) to reject "psychomechanical parallelism" or any other epiphenomenalistic solution of the mind-body problem, and (5) the extension of psychical research to new facts as described by parapsychology, for instance. Driesch saw close parallels between the development of modern psychology and that of biology, namely in a theoretical shift from "sum-concepts" like association and mechanics, to "totality-concepts" like soul and entelechy. The German translation of 1926 was entitled Grundprobleme der Psychologie (Fundamental Problems of Psychology) while "the crisis in psychology" forms just the subtitle of this book. This underlines that Driesch's argumentation--in contrast to that of Buehler--dealt with ontological questions rather than with paradigms. PMID:22520194

  2. Embodiment in social psychology

    E-print Network

    Meier, Brian P.; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John A.

    2012-01-01

    Systems Research, 3, 385-396. Sherman, G. D., & Clore, G. L. (2009). The color of sin: White and black are perceptual symbols of moral purity and pollution. Psychological Science, 20, 1019-1025. Sherman, D. K., Gangi, C., & White, M. L. (2010). Embodied... =UTF-8 Running Head: EMBODIMENT IN SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 1 Embodiment in Social Psychology Brian P. Meier Gettysburg College Simone Schnall University of Cambridge Norbert Schwarz University...

  3. Ecological psychology and social psychology: it is Holt, or nothing!

    PubMed

    Charles, Eric P

    2011-03-01

    What is the greatest contribution that ecological psychologists can offer social psychology? Ideally, ecological psychologists could explain how people directly perceive the unique properties of their social partners. But social partners are distinguished from mundane objects because they possess mental traits, and tradition tells us that minds cannot be seen. When considering the ideal possibility, we reject that doctrine and posit minds as perceivable. For ecological psychology, this entails asserting that minds are the types of things able to structure ambient energy. Contemporary research and theory suggests distinctly ecological ways of attacking this problem, but the problem is not new. Almost 100 years ago, Holt argued for the visibility of minds. Thus when considering these ideas, ecological psychologists face a choice that is at once about their future and their past. Extending ecological psychology's first principles into the social realm, we come to the point where we must either accept or reject Holt's arguments, and the wider context they bring. In doing so, we accept or reject our ability to study the uniquely social. PMID:20440585

  4. American Psychological Association

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Hate Crimes Health Disparities HIV & AIDS Human Rights Hypnosis Immigration Intelligence Kids & the Media Law & Psychology Learning & Memory Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Marriage & Divorce Military Money ...

  5. Counseling Psychology in New Zealand.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Manthei, Bob

    The history of counseling psychology in Australia, which has been marked by confusion and uncertainty about the distinction between it and other applied areas such as clinical psychology, community psychology, educational psychology, and psychotherapy, is discussed in this paper. The development of the Division of Counselling Psychology within the…

  6. Mathematical Psychology William H. Batchelder

    E-print Network

    White, Douglas R.

    MBS 98-05 Mathematical Psychology William H. Batchelder Mathematics has played a role in psychology since its beginning; however, the term, "Mathematical psychology", does not refer simply to the application of mathematics to psychology. Instead, mathematical psychology was started as a field

  7. Department of Psychology Handbook 2015

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    2015 Department of Psychology Handbook 2015 College of Science SCIENCE Reveal. #12;Contents 3 Welcome 4 What is Psychology 5 Including Psychology in your degree 6 Enrolment, Planning & Changes 7 in Applied Psychology Courses 36 Clinical Psychology Programme 38 General Postgraduate Information 40

  8. My Psychology Degree..... .....where next?

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    1 My Psychology Degree..... .....where next? - starting points and further information about career areas related to the study of psychology, including the main professional psychology careers, and areas psychology degree would be useful 2 Overview of main professional psychology areas: 4 - Clinical 4

  9. [Psychological contributions to rehabilitation in ambulatory health care].

    PubMed

    Vogel, H

    1996-10-01

    Concepts and theories of psychology are represented which are suitable to enrich rehabilitation medicine in the outpatient medical attendance. First, the understanding of rehabilitation medicine is discribed as a comprehensive care to ensure handicapped persons remain incorporated in family, society and occupation. Second, special fields of psychology sciences are explained, which contribute to reach these aims of rehabilitation, especially pedagogics and health psychology, medical and clinical psychology and behavioural medicine as well as behavior therapy. Third, there are chances discussed to comprise psychologists in a comprehensive rehabilitative treatment. PMID:9036693

  10. Semantique et psychologie (Semantics and Psychology)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Le Ny, Jean-Francois

    1975-01-01

    Semantic activities constitute a sub-class of psychological activities; from this point of departure the article discusses such topics as: idiosyncrasies, meaning and causality, internal determinants, neo-associationism, componential theories, noun- and verb-formation, sentences and propositions, semantics and cognition, mnemesic compontents, and…

  11. Critical Psychologies for Critical Health Literacies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corcoran, Tim

    2014-01-01

    Health education is largely informed by psychological theories and practices that pursue reductionist views of people learning. However, critical attention is moving to understand health in ways that reconsider relationships to context and the forms of life within which everyday living takes place. This shift is apparent in theoretical…

  12. The Psychology of Judgment for Outdoor Leaders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clement, Kent

    Judgment is the process of making decisions with incomplete information concerning either the outcomes or the decision factors. Sound judgment that leads to good decisions is an essential skill needed by adventure education and outdoor leadership professionals. Cognitive psychology provides several theories and insights concerning the accuracy of…

  13. Using History to Teach Contemporary Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beins, Bernard C.

    2011-01-01

    Gaining a perspective on the evolution of psychological concepts can show students the power of theory and societal perspective in shaping scientific ideas across time. In this article, the author uses two constructs, the broad concept of intelligence and the narrow concept of combat stress reaction, to illustrate how psychologists have grappled…

  14. Joseph Priestley and the Psychology of Style.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, Michael G.

    Joseph Priestley, in his "A Course of Lectures on Oratory and Criticism," developed a psychological theory of style. The "Course" covers three main topics: traditional rhetorical arts of invention, arrangement, and style. Borrowing from the ideas of David Hartley, the association psychologist; Joseph Addison, the aesthetician; and Adam Smith, the…

  15. Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Fall 2008 AL 105 M 4 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

  16. Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Spring 2008 LS 244 T 3 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

  17. Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Fall 2009 PS 130 MWF 9 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

  18. Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Fall 2008 EBA 343 Th 3 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

  19. PSYCHOLOGICAL VERSUS SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF ETHNOCENTRISM.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    CAMPBELL, DONALD T.; LEVINE, ROBERT A.

    A COOPERATIVE CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY OF ETHNOCENTRISM IS BASED UPON DATA COLLECTED BY ANTHROPOLOGISTS IN VARIOUS GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATIONS. EACH ANTHROPOLOGIST SPENT TWO MONTHS COLLECTING DATA ON TRADITIONAL INTERGROUP RELATIONS, STEREOTYPES, AND HYPOTHETICAL CORRELATES OF RELATED SYMPTOMS OF ETHNOCENTRISM. SOCIETAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES ARE…

  20. Construct Validation in Counseling Psychology Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoyt, William T.; Warbasse, Rosalia E.; Chu, Erica Y.

    2006-01-01

    Counseling psychology researchers devote little attention to theory-based measurement validation, as evidenced by cursory mention of validity issues in the method and discussion sections of published research reports. Especially, many researchers appear unaware of the limitations of correlations between pairs of self-report measures as evidence of…

  1. School Counselors and Psychological Aspects of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fahey, David A.

    1984-01-01

    Provides an overview of some of the more common psychological theories and behavioral variables associated with learning disabilities. Reviews Adlerian Rational Emotive and behavioral and hypnotherapy approaches as intervention strategies for the counselor confronted with learning disabled students. (LLL)

  2. Sport Psychology Sport psychology is: a) the study of the psychological and mental factors that influence

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    Sport Psychology Sport psychology is: a) the study of the psychological and mental factors, and b) the application of the knowledge gained through this study to everyday settings. Sport psychology) practice. Career opportunities in exercise and sport psychology may emphasize various aspects

  3. The concept and treatment of psychological trauma

    PubMed Central

    Kudler, Harold

    2014-01-01

    Despite a large and rapidly expanding literature on psychological trauma, many fundamental questions remain about its basic nature: Is it a psychological problem or a biological one?; Is it a past event somehow stuck in the present or is it something new which has been triggered and shaped by that event?; Does it reside only within the patient or does it live between the patient and other people (including within the therapeutic relationship)? This presentation will review the history of the concept of psychological trauma and explore the theoretical bases for current evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD, each of which will be shown to describe psychological trauma as a problem in bringing the past and the present together in memory and cognition. These theories primarily differ on the question of whether a traumatic memory becomes pathogenic, because it cannot be biologically processed or because it must be psychologically avoided. Psychoanalytic concepts of transference and countertransference will be shown to be of practical importance regardless of the type of treatment chosen. If researchers and clinicians can build on what they hold in common rather than become divided by their differences, we can improve our ability to understand and alleviate the effects of psychological trauma. PMID:25511719

  4. Unifying Psychology and Experiential Education: Toward an Integrated Understanding of "Why" It Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houge Mackenzie, Susan; Son, Julie S.; Hollenhorst, Steve

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the significance of psychology to experiential education (EE) and critiques EE models that have developed in isolation from larger psychological theories and developments. Following a review of literature and current issues, select areas of psychology are explored with reference to experiential learning processes. The state…

  5. Texas A&M University--Central Texas Department of Psychology & Counseling

    E-print Network

    Diestel, Geoff

    of published tests and experiential exposure to different types of psychological tests. Prerequisites to this course are explanations of theoretical concepts underlying psychological testing and assessment. Content of psychological testing, learn how theories, principles and concepts are used in psychometric assessment

  6. Texas A&M University Central Texas Department of Psychology and Counseling

    E-print Network

    Diestel, Geoff

    of published tests and experiential exposure to different types of psychological tests. Prerequisites to this course are explanations of theoretical concepts underlying psychological testing and assessment. Content of psychological testing, learn #12;how theories, principles and concepts are used in psychometric assessment

  7. Handbook of Psychodiagnostic Testing: Analysis of Personality in the Psychological Report. Third Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kellerman, Henry; Burry, Anthony

    This handbook offers psychology students, as well as professional psychologists, a central resource for the construction and organization of psychological test reports. It aims to help the reader conceptualize the theory of psychological report development by examining the integration of the concepts and data of personality analysis and the logic…

  8. Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology PSY 319 Fall, 2010 (Section 2)

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    approaches to contemporary research, theory, and practice in I-O psychology. Class Format: The class formatIntroduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology PSY 319 ­ Fall, 2010 (Section 2) Professor: An Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology (3rd Edition). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Higher Education

  9. Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology PSY 319 Spring, 2008 (Section 1)

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    approaches to contemporary research, theory, and practice in I-O psychology. Class Format: The class formatIntroduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology PSY 319 ­ Spring, 2008 (Section 1 in the 21st Century: An Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology (2nd Edition). Malden, MA

  10. Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology PSY 319 Fall, 2008 (Section 1)

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    approaches to contemporary research, theory, and practice in I-O psychology. Class Format: The class formatIntroduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology PSY 319 ­ Fall, 2008 (Section 1) Professor). Work in the 21st Century: An Introduction to Industrial and Organizational Psychology (2nd Edition

  11. How Coaches' Motivations Mediate between Basic Psychological Needs and Well-Being/Ill-Being

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alcaraz, Saul; Torregrosa, Miquel; Viladrich, Carme

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the present research was to test how behavioral regulations are mediated between basic psychological needs and psychological well-being and ill-being in a sample of team-sport coaches. Based on self-determination theory, we hypothesized a model where satisfaction and thwarting of the basic psychological needs predicted…

  12. A Tale of Two Visions: Can a New View of Personality Help Integrate Psychology?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mayer, John D.

    2005-01-01

    Personality psychology studies how psychological systems work together. Consequently, the field can act as a unifying resource for the broader discipline of psychology. Yet personality's current fieldwide organization promotes a fragmented view of the person, seen through such competing theories as the psychodynamic, trait, and humanistic. There…

  13. Can Evolution Explain How the Mind Works? A Review of the Evolutionary Psychology Debates

    E-print Network

    Mitchell, Melanie

    Can Evolution Explain How the Mind Works? A Review of the Evolutionary Psychology Debates Melanie sense without evolution, the same should be said for the behavior and thinking patterns--the psychology would one day explain not only the biological world but the psychological; that due to his theory

  14. The Psychology of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rangaswamy, A.; Balasubramanian, P.; Nirmala, R. Sweety

    2007-01-01

    Psychology plays a significant role in the life of each and every human being. Starting from childhood, if psychology of learning is utilized positively it would play a vital role in the building up of a bright career of a child. The explosion of information technology has been exercising far reaching influence on the area of educational…

  15. Transpersonal Psychology in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Thomas Bradford; Clark, Frances Vaughan

    The introduction to this booklet states that transpersonal psychology focuses attention on the human capacity for self-transcendence as well as self-realization, and is concerned with the optimum development of consciousness. This booklet attempts to illustrate the value of this psychology in education, not as a complete substitute for traditional…

  16. Social Psychology Syllabus Example

    E-print Network

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    Social Psychology Syllabus Example We are all social animals. We all realize that much of what we do stems from our interactions with other people, but we often fail to appreciate the power on and on. Social psychology is the study of human interaction and the way it affects behavior. To put

  17. Psychologism and Instructional Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gur, Bekir S.; Wiley, David A.

    2009-01-01

    Little of the work in critical and hermeneutical psychology has been linked to instructional technology (IT). This article provides a discussion in order to fill the gap in this direction. The article presents a brief genealogy of American IT in relation to the influence of psychology. It also provides a critical and hermeneutical framework for…

  18. Teaching Anomalistic Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Warren; Zusne, Leonard

    1981-01-01

    Discusses need for anomalistic psychology courses (the occult, astrology, ESP, or those phenomena inexplicable in terms of orthodox science) in the college psychology curriculum. A study of an anomalistics course indicates that student belief in the paranormal was associated with greater learning which was then followed by significant reductions…

  19. Foundations of Phenomenological Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aanstoos, Christopher M.

    Phenomenology, hermeneutics and experiential psychology form the backbone of an emerging paradigm within psychology known as human science. Human science's use of phenomenology provides a way to set aside the naturalistic presupposition and directly study the irreducible involvement of human existence within a meaningful world, as it is given in…

  20. Psychology as a Humanity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korn, James H.

    1985-01-01

    Psychology can be considered a humanity as well as a science. Distinctions between the humanities and the sciences are examined, and five characteristics of a humanity are suggested. Three examples of psychology as a humanity are provided. The impact that this view might have on teaching and research is discussed. (Author/RM)

  1. From computers to cultivation: reconceptualizing evolutionary psychology

    PubMed Central

    Barrett, Louise; Pollet, Thomas V.; Stulp, Gert

    2014-01-01

    Does evolutionary theorizing have a role in psychology? This is a more contentious issue than one might imagine, given that, as evolved creatures, the answer must surely be yes. The contested nature of evolutionary psychology lies not in our status as evolved beings, but in the extent to which evolutionary ideas add value to studies of human behavior, and the rigor with which these ideas are tested. This, in turn, is linked to the framework in which particular evolutionary ideas are situated. While the framing of the current research topic places the brain-as-computer metaphor in opposition to evolutionary psychology, the most prominent school of thought in this field (born out of cognitive psychology, and often known as the Santa Barbara school) is entirely wedded to the computational theory of mind as an explanatory framework. Its unique aspect is to argue that the mind consists of a large number of functionally specialized (i.e., domain-specific) computational mechanisms, or modules (the massive modularity hypothesis). Far from offering an alternative to, or an improvement on, the current perspective, we argue that evolutionary psychology is a mainstream computational theory, and that its arguments for domain-specificity often rest on shaky premises. We then go on to suggest that the various forms of e-cognition (i.e., embodied, embedded, enactive) represent a true alternative to standard computational approaches, with an emphasis on “cognitive integration” or the “extended mind hypothesis” in particular. We feel this offers the most promise for human psychology because it incorporates the social and historical processes that are crucial to human “mind-making” within an evolutionarily informed framework. In addition to linking to other research areas in psychology, this approach is more likely to form productive links to other disciplines within the social sciences, not least by encouraging a healthy pluralism in approach. PMID:25161633

  2. Dialectical Philosophy and Developmental Psychology: Hegel and Piaget on Contradiction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawler, James

    1975-01-01

    Suggests that although Piaget's psychological theory is developmental and dialectical in a general way, the lack of a developed philosophical basis leads to the subordination of a dialectical approach to static, anti-dialectical concepts. Hegel's theory of interaction and contradiction is examined to show that dialectical theory has a precise…

  3. Avian psychology and communication.

    PubMed Central

    Rowe, Candy; Skelhorn, John

    2004-01-01

    The evolution of animal communication is a complex issue and one that attracts much research and debate. 'Receiver psychology' has been highlighted as a potential selective force, and we review how avian psychological processes and biases can influence the evolution and design of signals as well as the progress that has been made in testing these ideas in behavioural studies. Interestingly, although birds are a focal group for experimental psychologists and behavioural ecologists alike, the integration of theoretical ideas from psychology into studies of communication has been relatively slow. However, recent operant experiments are starting to address how birds perceive and respond to complex natural signals in an attempt to answer evolutionary problems in communication. This review outlines how a psychological approach to understanding communication is useful, and we hope that it stimulates further research addressing the role of psychological mechanisms in signal evolution. PMID:15306314

  4. The nature of delusion: psychologically explicable? psychologically inexplicable? philosophically explicable? Part 1.

    PubMed

    Cutting, J; Musalek, M

    2015-12-01

    The debate about the nature of delusion has rumbled on for over a century without resolution. The current situation is a stand-off between psychologists, who propose various theories as to the psychological explicability of delusion, and psychiatrists, who generally regard delusion as inexplicable. Our main aim in this 2-part article is to reprise the intellectual atmosphere of German psychopathology in the inter-war and immediate post-war years, when the issues concerning delusion were formulated with more sensitivity to the actual delusions encountered in clinical practice. In Part 1 we mount a critique of psychological and psychiatric theories of delusion. PMID:26574057

  5. From ethics of care to psychology of care: reconnecting ethics of care to contemporary moral psychology

    PubMed Central

    Govrin, Aner

    2014-01-01

    Moral psychology once regarded ethics of care as a promising theory. However, there is evidence to suggest that nowadays moral psychology completely ignores ethics of care’s various insights. Moreover, ethics of care’s core concepts – compassion, dependence, and the importance of early relations to moral development– are no longer considered to be relevant to the development of new theories in the field. In this paper, I will firstly discuss some of the reasons which, over recent years, have contributed to the marginalization of the role of ethics of care in moral psychology. Next, I will show that ethics of care’s most promising idea centered on the care given to an infant and the importance of that care to the development of moral thinking. In this context, I will be describing the implications of John Bowlby’s attachment theories, infant research, findings in moral psychology and neuroscience. I will argue that ethics of care needs to be radically re-thought and replaced by a psychology of care, an attachment approach to moral judgment, which would establish the centrality of the caregiver’s role in moral development. The philosophical implications of this approach to the understanding of the “rationalists” and “intuitionists” debate about the true nature of moral judgment is also discussed. PMID:25368588

  6. International School Psychology: Psychology's Worldwide Portal to Children and Youth

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oakland, Thomas D.

    2003-01-01

    International school psychology is discussed in reference to scholarly and professional development within psychology, the emergence of an international association of school psychology, its efforts to promote school psychology, prevailing characteristics of school psychologists, and additional efforts needed to further enhance its development.…

  7. School of Psychology On the Psychology MA students will

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    School of Psychology On the Psychology MA students will advance their understanding and informing and engaging the public in psychological research. Dr Fay Julal, Programme Leader One year full-time Two years part-time MA Psychology #12;11623C©UniversityofBirmingham2015

  8. The Department of Psychology A Path into Clinical Psychology

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    The Department of Psychology Presents A Path into Clinical Psychology Date: Wednesday, March 25, PhD. ­ Dr. Alytia Levendosky is a Professor of Clinical Psychology and the Director of Clinical Psychology program. Her research interests involve interpersonal processes, particularly within attachment

  9. Master of Arts in Psychology PSYCHOLOGY CONCENTRATION CHOICE & RESEARCH INTERESTS

    E-print Network

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    Master of Arts in Psychology PSYCHOLOGY CONCENTRATION CHOICE & RESEARCH INTERESTS Directions. Please indicate the concentration to which you are applying: General Psychology (GEN) Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) Substance Abuse Treatment Psychology (SATP) 2. Using a scale of 1 to 5 (where 1

  10. Psychology Department Bylaws Page 1 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Walker, Lawrence R.

    Psychology Department Bylaws Page 1 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY BYLAWS Updated through 8 1.1 The Departmental Bylaws, day-to-day operations and administration of the Psychology Department Responsibilities of the Faculty 2.1 The faculty of the Psychology Department, acting as a group, has

  11. Predicting Students' Performance in Introductory Psychology from their Psychology Misconceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhle, Barry X.; Barber, Jessica M.; Bristol, Adam S.

    2009-01-01

    Students bring many misconceptions about psychology to the introductory psychology course. We investigated whether scores on a 10-item Knowledge of Psychology Test (adapted from Vaughan, 1977) taken on the first class day were related to final class grades in 11 introductory psychology classes taught by the same instructor at three colleges. A…

  12. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN -MADISON DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Green, C. Shawn

    UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN - MADISON DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Undergraduate Psychology Advisors: advisor@psych.wisc.edu Rooms 426, 428, & 430 Psychology bldg PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR CHECKLIST __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ MAJOR DECLARATION _____ Declare the major with one of the Undergraduate Psychology Advisors, Stephanie

  13. Contributions of psychology to war and peace.

    PubMed

    Christie, Daniel J; Montiel, Cristina J

    2013-10-01

    The contributions of American psychologists to war have been substantial and responsive to changes in U.S. national security threats and interests for nearly 100 years. These contributions are identified and discussed for four periods of armed conflict: World Wars I and II, the Cold War, and the Global War on Terror. In contrast, about 50 years ago, largely in reaction to the threat of nuclear war, some psychologists in the United States and around the world broke with the tradition of supporting war and began focusing their scholarship and activism on the prevention of war and promotion of peace. Today, peace psychology is a vibrant area of psychology, with theory and practice aimed at understanding, preventing, and mitigating both episodes of organized violence and the pernicious worldwide problem of structural violence. The growth, scope, and content of peace psychology are reviewed along with contributions to policies that promote peace, social justice, and human well-being. PMID:24128314

  14. Applying Cognitive Psychology to User Interfaces

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Durrani, Sabeen; Durrani, Qaiser S.

    This paper explores some key aspects of cognitive psychology that may be mapped onto user interfaces. Major focus in existing user interface guidelines is on consistency, simplicity, feedback, system messages, display issues, navigation, colors, graphics, visibility and error prevention [8-10]. These guidelines are effective indesigning user interfaces. However, these guidelines do not handle the issues that may arise due to the innate structure of human brain and human limitations. For example, where to place graphics on the screen so that user can easily process them and what kind of background should be given on the screen according to the limitation of human motor system. In this paper we have collected some available guidelines from the area of cognitive psychology [1, 5, 7]. In addition, we have extracted few guidelines from theories and studies of cognitive psychology [3, 11] which may be mapped to user interfaces.

  15. Introduction to Psychology. Fourth Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalat, James W.

    Chapters in this textbook for college students in introductory psychology courses are: (1) What is Psychology?; (2) Scientific Methods in Psychology; (3) Biological Psychology; (4) Sensation and Perception; (5) Altered States; (6) Learning; (7) Memory; (8) Cognition and Language; (9) Intelligence and Its Measurement; (10) Development; (11)…

  16. My Psychology Degree..... .....where next?

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    1 My Psychology Degree..... .....where next? - starting points and further information about career areas related to the study of psychology, including the main professional psychology careers, and areas wanting to become professional psychologists #12;2 Contents Page Introduction 2 Jobs where your psychology

  17. Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Programme information #12;Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology www.bath.ac.uk/psychology/clinical As the most recently established Doctorate in Clinical Psychology the Bath team has combined well established best practice in teaching and research

  18. AFRICAN AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGY Sample Syllabus

    E-print Network

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    AFRICAN AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGY PSYC 503 Sample Syllabus Course Description and Overview: This course examines the psychology of the African American experience. We begin the course with an overview of Black/African American psychology as an evolving field of study and consider the Black/African American Psychology

  19. STUDENT HANDBOOK FOR PSYCHOLOGY 495

    E-print Network

    this as soon as possible to ensure your enrollment in the class. #12;Syllabus 4 PSYCHOLOGY 495 FIELD EXPERIENCESTUDENT HANDBOOK FOR PSYCHOLOGY 495 FIELD EXPERIENCE IN PERSONNEL PSYCHOLOGY COURSE INSTRUCTOR IN PERSONNEL PSYCHOLOGY SPRING, 2015 Every Other Tuesday from 2:50-4:05pm Instructor Information Instructor

  20. January 7, 2014 Psychology Fundamentals

    E-print Network

    White, Douglas R.

    and a discussion section. Discussion sections do not meet during the first week of class. 2. Psychology majors mustJanuary 7, 2014 Psychology Fundamentals Psychology 9A / Psy Beh 11A 68080 / 54030 Winter Quarter 3-3:50 SST 220A 68088/54038 DK Text Gleitman, H., Gross, J. & Reisberg, D. (2011). Psychology. 8th

  1. Giving Psychology Away Is Expensive

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorsuch, Richard L.; Wallace, William L.

    2005-01-01

    This article presents comments on "Does Psychology make a significant difference in our lives?" by P. Zimbardo. We deeply appreciate the documentation and inspiration provided by Zimbardo on how psychology is reaching out to the public by "giving psychology away" (p. 340). We totally agree that psychology has much, much more to offer that could be…

  2. Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    for demonstrations, guided discussion and exercises, and video examples of abnormal child behavior and treatment The required textbook for this class is: Mash, E. J., & Wolfe, D. A. (2008). Abnormal child psychology (4th ed

  3. "Jeopardy" in Abnormal Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keutzer, Carolin S.

    1993-01-01

    Describes the use of the board game, Jeopardy, in a college level abnormal psychology course. Finds increased student interaction and improved application of information. Reports generally favorable student evaluation of the technique. (CFR)

  4. MA Psychology Optional Modules

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    to evaluation of concepts such as food craving and addiction. Examination of non- nutritive effects of foods the #12;topic from biological, neurological, psychological and psychiatric perspectives. The module

  5. Operational Psychology Perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holland, Al

    2009-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the history of long duration spaceflight, and the changes in the International Space Station crew and the effect that this has had on the psychology of astronaut selection and training.

  6. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report

    E-print Network

    Shipley, Thomas F.

    PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report VOL. 14, NO. 4, JULY 2003 Copyright © 2003 American), and of the action (e.g., observers can identify how far an invisible object has been thrown; Runeson & Frykholm

  7. A bottom-up approach with a clear view of the top: How human evolutionary psychology can inform adaptive behavior research

    E-print Network

    Todd, Peter M.

    , reason). But the full power of Darwinian theory is almost never used in day-to-day psychology researchA bottom-up approach with a clear view of the top: How human evolutionary psychology can inform of Sussex Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QH, England (Now at Department of Psychology, University of Nottingham; gfm@psychology

  8. Adolescents and the Media: Medical and Psychological Impact. Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, Volume 33.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strasburger, Victor C.

    Aimed at primary care physicians and nurses, educators, and parents, this book reviews media effects on adolescent behavior and psychology. The book notes that television is a powerful medium to which adolescents are uniquely susceptible and how studies have shown television's ability to shape social attitudes. Theories of how television affects…

  9. Variables in psychology: a critique of quantitative psychology.

    PubMed

    Toomela, Aaro

    2008-09-01

    Mind is hidden from direct observation; it can be studied only by observing behavior. Variables encode information about behaviors. There is no one-to-one correspondence between behaviors and mental events underlying the behaviors, however. In order to understand mind it would be necessary to understand exactly what information is represented in variables. This aim cannot be reached after variables are already encoded. Therefore, statistical data analysis can be very misleading in studies aimed at understanding mind that underlies behavior. In this article different kinds of information that can be represented in variables are described. It is shown how informational ambiguity of variables leads to problems of theoretically meaningful interpretation of the results of statistical data analysis procedures in terms of hidden mental processes. Reasons are provided why presence of dependence between variables does not imply causal relationship between events represented by variables and absence of dependence between variables cannot rule out the causal dependence of events represented by variables. It is concluded that variable-psychology has a very limited range of application for the development of a theory of mind-psychology. PMID:18528738

  10. The Great Struggles of Life: Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buss, David M.

    2009-01-01

    Darwin envisioned a scientific revolution for psychology. His theories of natural and sexual selection identified two classes of struggles--the struggle for existence and the struggle for mates. The emergence of evolutionary psychology and related disciplines signals the fulfillment of Darwin's vision. Natural selection theory guides scientists to…

  11. Self-Efficacy: Building a Sociocognitive Bridge between Social and Counseling Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lent, Robert W.; Maddux, James E.

    1997-01-01

    Examines seven interfaces of social and counseling psychology--outlined by Forsyth and Leary--from the perspective of social cognitive theory. Discusses social cognitive theory as a unifying framework for bridging counseling and social psychology and other subdisciplines that share an interest in issues of health promotion and optimal adjustment.…

  12. University of California, Berkeley Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    1 University of California, Berkeley Department of Psychology Psychology W1 General Psychology to most upper-division courses in the Department of Psychology. Psychology 1 (or its online equivalent, Psychology W1) is required for prospective majors in Psychology, and is intended for lower-division students

  13. What psychology means to me.

    PubMed

    Dulany, Donelson E

    2006-01-01

    What the title of this article means to me after decades on a university faculty is very broad. It would include topics of my research and writing, of my graduate and undergraduate teaching, and of what I read in the area, including papers that have been submitted to me as editor of the American Journal of Psychology. What I can write here focuses on my research and writing and related metatheoretical views, including what I have considered the deeper and more significant questions formulated in philosophy of mind and submitted to empirical investigation in psychology. Of most active concern today, and over the years, are those asking about the roles of consciousness, symbolic representation, and volition in mental activity and action. Is symbolic representation carried out consciously or unconsciously, or both? This paper recognizes the 19(th) century attempt to establish a science of consciousness, a behavioristic movement that rejected consciousness as being the soul of theology, a cognitive metatheory giving some place to consciousness but emphasizing non-conscious symbolic representation. This summarizes our experimental examinations of my theories of the source of intentional action, of causal reasoning, and of explicit and implicit learning. It also summarizes the overarching mentalistic metatheory I have described. PMID:22013331

  14. Intrusive Images in Psychological Disorders

    PubMed Central

    Brewin, Chris R.; Gregory, James D.; Lipton, Michelle; Burgess, Neil

    2010-01-01

    Involuntary images and visual memories are prominent in many types of psychopathology. Patients with posttraumatic stress disorder, other anxiety disorders, depression, eating disorders, and psychosis frequently report repeated visual intrusions corresponding to a small number of real or imaginary events, usually extremely vivid, detailed, and with highly distressing content. Both memory and imagery appear to rely on common networks involving medial prefrontal regions, posterior regions in the medial and lateral parietal cortices, the lateral temporal cortex, and the medial temporal lobe. Evidence from cognitive psychology and neuroscience implies distinct neural bases to abstract, flexible, contextualized representations (C-reps) and to inflexible, sensory-bound representations (S-reps). We revise our previous dual representation theory of posttraumatic stress disorder to place it within a neural systems model of healthy memory and imagery. The revised model is used to explain how the different types of distressing visual intrusions associated with clinical disorders arise, in terms of the need for correct interaction between the neural systems supporting S-reps and C-reps via visuospatial working memory. Finally, we discuss the treatment implications of the new model and relate it to existing forms of psychological therapy. PMID:20063969

  15. The psychological present.

    PubMed

    Hayes, L J

    1992-01-01

    The present paper compares behavior-analytic and cognitive treatments of the concept of psychological history with regard to its role in current action. Both treatments take the position that the past bears some responsibility for the present, and are thereby obligated to find a means of actualizing the past in the present. Both do so by arguing that the past is brought to bear in the present via the organism. Although the arguments of the two positions differ on this issue, neither provides a complete account. An unconventional treatment of psychological history is proposed, the logic of which is exemplified in anthropological, biological, and psychological perspectives. The unconventional treatment in psychological perspective holds that (a) the organism's interaction with its environment, not the organism itself, changes with experience; and (b) the past interactions of an organism exist as, and only as, the present interactions of that organism. This solution to the problem of psychological history provides obligations and opportunities for analysis that are not available when the more conventional positions of cognitivism and behavior analysis are adopted. PMID:22478124

  16. Why Else Does Jenny Run? Young Children's Extended Psychological Explanations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bartsch, Karen; Campbell, Michelle D.; Troseth, Georgene L.

    2007-01-01

    A method for eliciting extended explanations was used to evaluate predictions from the "theory-theory" account of developing psychological reasoning. Children were repeatedly asked to explain the actions or emotions of story characters with false beliefs. Questioning elicited false belief attributions in half of 3-year-olds (Study 1, N = 16, age M…

  17. BAS Reward Responsiveness: A unique predictor of positive psychological functioning

    E-print Network

    Larson, Christine L.

    BAS Reward Responsiveness: A unique predictor of positive psychological functioning Lauren E Resilience a b s t r a c t Previous research on Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory has well considering over- lap with the BIS. 1.1. Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST) Gray's (1982) Reinforcement

  18. A Model and a Metalanguage for Research on Psychological Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Patton, Michael J.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    A model of two-person interaction in psychological counseling, which is derived from Alfred Schutz's phenomenological theory of social relations, and a computer-assisted metalanguage based on case-grammar theory are presented, and their applicability to the analysis of natural language in counseling is argued. (Author)

  19. Psychological Factors in Asthma

    PubMed Central

    2008-01-01

    Asthma has long been considered a condition in which psychological factors have a role. As in many illnesses, psychological variables may affect outcome in asthma via their effects on treatment adherence and symptom reporting. Emerging evidence suggests that the relation between asthma and psychological factors may be more complex than that, however. Central cognitive processes may influence not only the interpretation of asthma symptoms but also the manifestation of measurable changes in immune and physiologic markers of asthma. Furthermore, asthma and major depressive disorder share several risk factors and have similar patterns of dysregulation in key biologic systems, including the neuroendocrine stress response, cytokines, and neuropeptides. Despite the evidence that depression is common in people with asthma and exerts a negative impact on outcome, few treatment studies have examined whether improving symptoms of depression do, in fact, result in better control of asthma symptoms or improved quality of life in patients with asthma. PMID:20525122

  20. Physiology and psychology of dreams.

    PubMed

    Eiser, Alan S

    2005-03-01

    The discovery of the close association between rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and dreaming and development of sleep laboratory techniques ushered in a new era in the study of dreams. For the first time, direct and systematic investigation could be made of such topics as the occurrence, qualities, recollection, and childhood development of dreaming. Experimental methodologies permitted investigation of the responsiveness of dreams to external stimulation and the effects of deprivation of REM sleep. Much effort was devoted to searching for parallels between physiological aspects of REM sleep and characteristics of associated dreams, with modest results. The leading theory of dreaming in the early decades of this research was the psychoanalytic, which views dreams as highly meaningful reflections of unconscious mental functioning. With developments in understanding of the neurophysiology of REM sleep, new theories of dreaming were proposed. The most prominent, the activation-synthesis hypothesis, derived its view of dreaming directly from the neurophysiology of REM sleep, in particular the role of the brain stem, and in its original form regarded dreams as not essentially meaningful. Further developments in neurobiological research, including lesion and brain imaging studies, have established a clearer view of the functional neuroanatomy of REM sleep and dreaming. To what degree, and in what way, implications can be drawn from these findings for the psychology of dreaming is controversial. Some more recent theories of dreaming emphasize an adaptive function related to emotion and a role in learning and memory consolidation. PMID:15798942

  1. Psychological ReviewJ Copyright 1977 C_? by the American Psychological Association, Inc. V O L U M E 84 N U M B E R 4 J U L Y 1977

    E-print Network

    Coulson, Seana

    Psychological ReviewJ Copyright © 1977 C_? by the American Psychological Association, Inc. V O L U of their common and distinctive features. Several predictions of the contrast model are tested in studies, the concept of similarity jects under study. is ubiquitous in psychological theory. It under- The theoretical

  2. Toward a Caribbean psychology: an African-centered approach.

    PubMed

    Sutherland, Marcia Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    Although the Americas and Caribbean region are purported to comprise different ethnic groups, this article’s focus is on people of African descent, who represent the largest ethnic group in many countries. The emphasis on people of African descent is related to their family structure, ethnic identity, cultural, psychohistorical, and contemporary psychosocial realities. This article discusses the limitations of Western psychology for theory, research, and applied work on people of African descent in the Americas and Caribbean region. In view of the adaptations that some people of African descent have made to slavery, colonialism, and more contemporary forms of cultural intrusions, it is argued that when necessary, notwithstanding Western psychology’s limitations, Caribbean psychologists should reconstruct mainstream psychology to address the psychological needs of these Caribbean people. The relationship between theory and psychological interventions for the optimal development of people of African descent is emphasized throughout this article. In this regard, the African-centered and constructionist viewpoint is argued to be of utility in addressing the psychological growth and development of people of African descent living in the Americas and Caribbean region. PMID:22013618

  3. Need for the Doctor of Psychology Degree in Professional Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peterson, Donald R.

    1976-01-01

    Asserts the advantage of employing the PsyD degree both affirmatively, as a certificate of professional competence in psychology, and restrictively, to exclude inadequately trained people from the practice of professional psychology. (Author)

  4. The virtues of scientific psychology: A reply to Harzem

    PubMed Central

    Proctor, Robert W.; Weeks, Daniel J.

    1988-01-01

    Harzem recently expressed the opinions that, beginning in the 1960s, the progress of scientific psychology has been deferred and that psychological research has failed to address important social issues. He proposed that progress be resumed by taking up, anew, the experimental analysis of behavior. The present reply provides evidence inconsistent with Harzem's assertions regarding the state of contemporary, scientific psychology and questions the wisdom of disregarding the significant body of data and theory that currently are available to pursue the, as yet, unfulfilled promises of the experimental analysis of human behavior. PMID:22478007

  5. Religion and Self: Notions from a Cultural Psychological Perspective

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    After a brief introduction of a cultural psychological perspective, this paper turns to the concept of self. The paper proposes to conceive of that reality to which the concepts of self refer as a narrative, employing especially autobiographies and other ego-documents in empirical exploration. After discussing some psychological theories about “self,” the paper points out that they may well be applied in research on personal religiosity. PMID:20694039

  6. ODD (observation- and description-deprived) psychological research.

    PubMed

    Rai, Tage S; Fiske, Alan

    2010-06-01

    Most psychological research consists of experiments that put people in artificial situations that elicit unnatural behavior whose ecological validity is unknown. Without knowing the psychocultural meaning of experimental situations, we cannot interpret the responses of WEIRD people, let alone people in other cultures. Psychology, like other sciences, needs to be solidly rooted in naturalistic observation and description of people around the world. Theory should be inductively developed and tested against real-world behavior. PMID:20546657

  7. Interpersonal aggression and burnout: the mediating role of psychological climate.

    PubMed

    Bedi, Akanksha; Courcy, Francois; Paquet, Maxime; Harvey, Steve

    2013-12-01

    Using the theoretical perspectives offered by stressor-stress-strain framework and fairness theory, the authors propose that psychological climate will mediate the positive relationship between interpersonal aggression and employee burnout. Data from a survey of 1893 hospital employees suggested that psychological climate partially mediated the relationship between interpersonal aggression and two of the three dimensions of burnout, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:23225579

  8. Gender and Psychological Essentialism

    PubMed Central

    Heyman, Gail D.; Giles, Jessica W.

    2010-01-01

    SUMMARY When individuals reason in an essentialist way about social categories, they assume that group differences reflect inherently different natures (Gelman, 2003; Rothbart & Taylor, 1992). This paper describes the psychological and social implications of essentialist beliefs, and examines the extent to which children exhibit psychological essentialism when reasoning about gender. The authors discuss reasons young children as well as older children show essentialist reasoning in some contexts, but not in others. Finally, the authors suggest directions for future research, and discuss a primary challenge to many working in this field: reduction of rigid gender beliefs. PMID:21528097

  9. Psychological lessons of Chernobyl

    SciTech Connect

    Abramova, V.N.

    1989-01-01

    Up to the time of the disaster, the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant was regarded as one of the best in the USSR, and the city of Pripyat, housing the plant's staff, was rightly called one of the most comfortable. Also, the psychological climate of the plant provided no causes for worry. This was a worked-in team, composed of seasoned and knowledgeable experts. How can one then explain the events that happened in such an unlikely place. Isn't there a danger that the situation will repeat itself. The author considers the question and other psychological aspects of the Chernobyl incident.

  10. Reflections on Activity Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bakhurst, David

    2009-01-01

    It is sometimes suggested that activity theory represents the most important legacy of Soviet philosophy and psychology. But what exactly "is" activity theory? The canonical account in the West is given by Engestrom, who identifies three stages in the theory's development: from Vygotsky's insights, through Leontiev's articulation of the…

  11. Whither Social Theory?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

    2014-01-01

    What is the place of social theory in mathematics education research, and what is it for? This special issue of "Educational Studies in Mathematics" offers insights on what could be the role of some sociological theories in a field that has historically privileged learning theories coming from psychology and mathematics as the main…

  12. Instructional Strategies for Improving Students' Learning: Focus on Early Reading and Mathematics. Psychological Perspectives on Contemporary Educational Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carlson, Jerry, Ed.; Levin, Joel R., Ed.

    2012-01-01

    The twin objectives of the series Psychological Perspectives on Contemporary Educational Issues are: (1) to identify issues in education that are relevant to professional educators and researchers; and (2) to address those issues from research and theory in educational psychology, psychology, and related disciplines. The present volume, consisting…

  13. Emotional and Psychological Well-Being in Children: The Development and Validation of the Stirling Children's Well-Being Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liddle, Ian; Carter, Greg F. A.

    2015-01-01

    The Stirling Children's Well-being Scale (SCWBS) was developed by the Stirling Council Educational Psychology Service (UK) as a holistic, positively worded measure of emotional and psychological well-being in children aged eight to 15 years. Drawing on current theories of well-being and Positive Psychology, the aim was to provide a means of…

  14. Encoding Psychological Knowledge \\Lambda A widely accepted philosophical view has it that our grasp of the psycho

    E-print Network

    Pratt-Hartmann, Ian

    Encoding Psychological Knowledge \\Lambda Ian Pratt Abstract A widely accepted philosophical view--- specifically, a theory consisting of that body of commonsense knowledge which David Lewis calls folk psychology. In this paper, I aim to show why, and in what sense, it is wrong to understand our grasp of psychological

  15. Module Information for BH2239, 2015/6 -APPROVED Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code: BH2239

    E-print Network

    Rebollo-Neira, Laura

    Module Information for BH2239, 2015/6 - APPROVED Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code: To enable students to develop understanding of the theory and practice of applying psychology to work and HRM through studying the psychology of work and organizations. Module Learning Outcomes: On successful

  16. Module Information for BH3328, 2015/6 -APPROVED Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code: BH3328

    E-print Network

    Rebollo-Neira, Laura

    Module Information for BH3328, 2015/6 - APPROVED Module Title/Name: Psychology and Work Module Code: To enable students to develop understanding of the theory and practice of applying psychology to work and HRM through studying the psychology of work and organizations. #12;Module Learning Outcomes

  17. Categorization Theory and Research in Consumer Psychology

    E-print Network

    Barsalou, Lawrence W.

    different category (microwave pop corn) than prior existing members of the category (macaroni and cheese al., 1987; Cowley & Mitchell, 2003; Lee & Sternthal, 1999; Park, Milberg, & Law son, 1991; Wanke

  18. [Psychological theories and treatments of erectile impotence].

    PubMed

    Mormont, C

    1985-01-01

    The conceptual inaccuracies and the diagnostic difficulties encountered in the study of erectile impotence are underlined by the author. After a review and critique of the psychoanalytical and behavioral trends, of the "new sex therapy" and of cognitivism, the therapeutic methods which derive from these concepts are compared with each other. A particular attention is devoted to anxiety since its definition and prevalence varies considerably in the literature despite a misleading superficial similarity. PMID:3893044

  19. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy

    E-print Network

    Meston, Cindy

    stress responses as predictors of sexual function and satisfaction (sympathetic nervous system [SNS are the sympathetic nervous system (SNS), a short-term stress response, and cortisol, a longer-term response. Short-Term Stress Response: Sympathetic Nervous System Activity During a stressor, the SNS activates systems across

  20. Experiences of Psychological and Physical Aggression in Adolescent Romantic Relationships: Links to Psychological Distress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jouriles, Ernest N.; Garrido, Edward; Rosenfield, David; McDonald, Renee

    2009-01-01

    Objective: This research examined links between adolescents' experiences of psychological and physical relationship aggression and their psychological distress. Experiences of psychological and physical aggression were expected to correlate positively with symptoms of psychological distress, but experiences of psychological aggression were…

  1. The Representation of Applied Psychology Areas in Introductory Psychology Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haselhuhn, Charlotte W.; Clopton, Kerri L.

    2008-01-01

    Many psychology majors indicate helping others as a reason for majoring in psychology, yet many enter positions not closely related to the field. This discrepancy may be due to a lack of student knowledge of the applied areas of psychology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the coverage of clinical, counseling,…

  2. Broadening the Boundaries of Psychology through Community Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kagan, Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    This paper argues for community psychology to be included within the discipline boundaries of psychology. In doing this, it will enable psychology to begin to address some of the large scale social issues affecting people's well-being. It will be necessary, however, to incorporate aspects of other disciplines, make explicit the political…

  3. Ethnic Minority Psychological Associations: Connections to Counseling Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delgado-Romero, Edward A.; Forrest, Linda; Lau, Michael Y.

    2012-01-01

    This article provides the introduction, background and rationale for the Major Contribution focused on five national ethnic minority psychological associations: the Asian American Psychological Association, The Association of Black Psychologists, the National Latina/o Psychological Association, the Society of Indian Psychologists, and the Society…

  4. American Psychological Association Leaders in School Psychology Directory, 1996.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.

    Intended to promote communication and collaboration among professionals across the United States, this directory brings together a variety of information on key leaders in the field of school psychology. Governance members in the American Psychological Association (APA) who work in school psychology are listed, as well as leaders in the following…

  5. ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY (ONLINE) Psychology 310-115, Summer 2012

    E-print Network

    Diestel, Geoff

    ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY (ONLINE) Psychology 310-115, Summer 2012 Instructor: Sam Fiala, Ph.D., L.P. Class Meetings: Online Email: Blackboard (preferred); sam.fiala@ct.tamus.edu Office phone: 254 provides an opportunity for students to increase their knowledge and understanding of abnormal psychology

  6. Sport Psychology: An Emerging Domain in the Counseling Psychology Profession?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petrie, Trent A.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Surveyed counseling psychologists on their involvement in sport psychology research, training, and practice; their affiliation with sport psychology professional organizations; and their attitudes toward current professional sport psychology issues. Found that counseling psychologists were minimally involved, and had received little formal…

  7. Misconceptions of Psychology among Academicians.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gardner, Rick M.; Hund, Renee M.

    1983-01-01

    Study findings indicate that there is correspondence between faculty members' misconceptions related to psychology and students' mistaken beliefs about psychology. Subjects were 303 psychologists teaching in colleges and universities who completed a true-false questionnaire. (AM)

  8. Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement

    E-print Network

    10/2011 Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement Instructions 1) Student completes Part advisor's signature. 4) Once the form is signed, submit form to Psychology Department, EP 301 to clear

  9. COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Bermúdez, José Luis

    COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Office Zuleika Carrasco ­ Senior Academic Advisor II Jennifer Fleming ­ Senior Academic Advisor I http://psychology.tamu.edu Program Honors in Psychology The Psychology Honors Program provides individual instruction and advanced

  10. PSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Kent

    Lecture 11 through and including Lecture 18. Each midterm will have 40 multiple-choice questionsPSYCHOLOGY FUNDAMENTALS Course Syllabus Fall, 2015 Course: Psych 9A/Psy Beh 11A Lecture: TuTh 12: Tu 2:00 ­ 2:50 GENERAL INFORMATION 1. You must be registered both in the lecture and in a discussion

  11. Evolutionary Developmental Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Geary, David C.; Bjorklund, David F.

    2000-01-01

    Describes evolutionary developmental psychology as the study of the genetic and ecological mechanisms that govern the development of social and cognitive competencies common to all human beings and the epigenetic (gene-environment interactions) processes that adapt these competencies to local conditions. Outlines basic assumptions and domains of…

  12. Confronting Psychology's Power

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Dennis

    2008-01-01

    Isaac Prilleltensky (this issue, pp. 116-136) seeks to make community psychology a more effective force for social justice. His discussion of psychopolitical validity raises a number of questions: How perfect must the theoretical framework be to usefully oppose unjust power? In what way is the notion of "psychopolitical validity" most useful? How…

  13. Psychology MAJOR Event Presentation

    E-print Network

    Green, C. Shawn

    Psychology MAJOR Event Presentation 4:00 P.M. Welcome Associate Chair, Karl Rosengren, PhD 4:10 P Session #1 "Harnessing the Power of the Mind" Cheri Cope, Athletic Mind, LLC Using the Power of the Mind distractions. By harnessing the power of the mind we create a life of purpose. Getting Involved in Research

  14. Space Psychology and Psychiatry

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kanas, N.; Manzey, D.

    2003-09-01

    This book deals with psychological, psychiatric, and psychosocial issues that affect people who live and work in space. Unlike other books that focus on anecdotal reports and ground-based simulation studies, this book emphasizes the findings from psychological research conducted during actual space missions. Both authors have been active in such research. What is presented in this readable text has previously been found only in scientific journal articles. Topics that are discussed include: behavioral adaptation to space; human performance and cognitive effects; crewmember interactions; psychiatric responses; psychological counter-measures related to habitability factors, work-design, selection, training, and in-flight monitoring and support; and the impact of expeditionary missions to Mars and beyond. People finding this book of interest will include: psychology and social science students and professors in universities; medical students and residents in psychiatry and aerospace medicine; human factors workers in space and aviation professions; individuals involved with isolated environments on Earth (e.g., the Antarctic, submarines); aerospace workers in businesses and space agencies such as NASA and ESA; and anyone who is interested in learning the facts about the human side of long-duration space missions. Link: http://www.wkap.nl/prod/b/1-4020-1341-8

  15. Psychology of Deafness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    World Federation of the Deaf, Rome (Italy).

    Nine conference papers discuss the psychology of deafness. They include seven papers from the United States: "Deafness: The Interdependent Variable" by M. Vernon and D. A. Rothstein, "The Reliability and Construct Validity of the Self-Concept of Academic Ability Scale-Form D for Hearing Impaired Students" by L. M. JOINER, "Studies of the…

  16. Psychology: Teacher Supplement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stark, Rebecca

    This supplement provides teachers with tests, quizzes, answers to questions in the text, and general teaching information for using the student text, "Psychology," by Rebecca Stark. Quizzes included are on the topics of human development; the nervous system; the brain; cognitive development; sensation and perception; conditioning; learning;…

  17. Psychology and "the Babe".

    PubMed

    Fuchs, A H

    1998-01-01

    Psychologists and baseball players were among those Americans who formed professional associations in the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Psychologists used laboratory tasks to quantify mental and behavioral processes while sportswriters and baseball organizers measured individual and team performance. The most popular baseball player of the 1920s, George Herman "Babe" Ruth, possessed superior batting skills that were evident in the statistical indices of baseball performance. In 1921, he was brought to the psychological laboratory at Columbia University to perform standard laboratory tasks in an effort to discover the basis for his success in hitting home runs and to suggest the potential of tests for identifying future baseball stars. Baseball's addiction to quantitative indices of performance was thus brought together with a new science devoted to quantitative assessment and a desire to make such assessments useful. The attempt to analyze the basis of Ruth's batting skills is part of the history of applied psychology, sport psychology, and popular interest in the science of psychology. PMID:9580977

  18. Psychological Maltreatment in Schooling.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Stuart N.

    1987-01-01

    Five conditions of psychological maltreatment of children can occur in schooling: discipline through fear; low quality human interaction; limited opportunities to develop competency and self-worth; encouragement to be dependent; and denial of opportunities for healthy risk-taking. Issues associated with these conditions and methods for overcoming…

  19. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report

    E-print Network

    Ruvinsky, Ilya

    that social factors such as loneliness not only may influence the selection of health behaviors but also may modulate the salubrity of restorative behaviors. Positive social relationships contribute to physical the psychological im- pact of social interactions and relationships rather than their presence or absence (e

  20. PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Article

    E-print Network

    Shimamura, Arthur P.

    PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Article MEMORY AND COGNITIVE ABILITIES IN UNIVERSITY PROFESSORS: Evidence for Successful Aging Arthur P. Shimamura,' Jane M. Berry,^ Jennifer A. Mangels,' Cheryl L. Rusting, professors may develop cfHctent use of cognitive abiliues or strategies that may prevent or mit- igate aging

  1. Rediscovering Differential Psychology?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takooshian, Harold

    2010-01-01

    Comments on the original article, "Many forms of culture," by A. B. Cohen. Cohen offered an eye-opening review of how culture means much more than ethnicity within a nation or differences between nations. After developing a much-expanded definition of culture, he concluded, "I have lamented the fact that psychology has focused on some important…

  2. PSYCHOLOGY. Estimating the reproducibility of psychological science.

    PubMed

    2015-08-28

    Reproducibility is a defining feature of science, but the extent to which it characterizes current research is unknown. We conducted replications of 100 experimental and correlational studies published in three psychology journals using high-powered designs and original materials when available. Replication effects were half the magnitude of original effects, representing a substantial decline. Ninety-seven percent of original studies had statistically significant results. Thirty-six percent of replications had statistically significant results; 47% of original effect sizes were in the 95% confidence interval of the replication effect size; 39% of effects were subjectively rated to have replicated the original result; and if no bias in original results is assumed, combining original and replication results left 68% with statistically significant effects. Correlational tests suggest that replication success was better predicted by the strength of original evidence than by characteristics of the original and replication teams. PMID:26315443

  3. Transpersonal: The New Educational Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Thomas Bradford

    This article lists some of the major ideas and topics of interest in transpersonal psychology and illustrates them with examples of transpersonal education applied to schools. Transpersonal psychology includes psychological aspects of such things as new world views, altered states of consciousness, an impulse toward higher states, self-realization…

  4. The Process of Psychological Consultation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nolan, Anna; Moreland, Neil

    2014-01-01

    Consultation is a key means of service delivery in many psychological services. However, the "process" of consultation is little explored in Educational Psychology literature, particularly in the United Kingdom (UK). This paper focuses on a small-scale qualitative research study of psychological consultation provided by educational…

  5. Signature Strengths in Positive Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molony, Terry; Henwood, Maureen

    2010-01-01

    Positive psychology can be thought of as the scientific study of what is "right about people" as opposed to the traditional focus on the healing of psychological pain or trauma. The philosophical roots of positive psychology can be traced back to Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, as well as Islamic and Athenian…

  6. GRADUATE STUDENT DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Olszewski Jr., Edward A.

    GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA WILMINGTON 2014 for the Master of Arts at UNCW B. Specific Requirements for the Master of Arts in Psychology C. Additional 14. Department Colloquia 15. Graduate Student Association (GSA) & Psychology Graduate Student

  7. Student Orientation Guide General Psychology

    E-print Network

    Alvarez-Cohen, Lisa

    Student Orientation Guide PSYC W1 General Psychology June 22-August 14, 2015 Summer Session Online to Psychology (Cengage, 10th ed., 2014), by James W. Kalat · Be sure to purchase the Kalat book, and be sure to purchase the 10th edition; other sections of Psychology 1 and 2 may use different texts · ISBN-10

  8. Social Justice and School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nastasi, Bonnie K.

    2008-01-01

    Despite attention in other social sciences and within other areas of psychology, social justice has received minimal attention in school psychology literature. The two studies by Shriberg et al. (2008) and McCabe and Rubinson (2008) represent significant developments in exploring school psychology's commitment to social justice. In this…

  9. Indigenisation of Psychology in India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalal, Ajit K.

    2011-01-01

    Academic psychology which made a new beginning in India in the early part of 20th century was modelled on the Western scientific tradition. The teaching of psychology was very much on the British pattern since the colonial rule, whereas the research was mostly an extension of the Western work in India. Psychology went through massive expansion…

  10. Evolutionary Psychology and Intelligence Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kanazawa, Satoshi

    2010-01-01

    This article seeks to unify two subfields of psychology that have hitherto stood separately: evolutionary psychology and intelligence research/differential psychology. I suggest that general intelligence may simultaneously be an evolved adaptation and an individual-difference variable. Tooby and Cosmides's (1990a) notion of random quantitative…

  11. 177Department of Psychology Graduate Catalogue 201415

    E-print Network

    177Department of Psychology Graduate Catalogue 2014­15 Department of Psychology Chairperson: Harb of Psychology offers a Master's Program in General Psychology and a Master's Program in Clinical Psychology. Applicants to the Master's Program in Clinical Psychology are welcome to apply for Fall admission only

  12. Undergraduate Courses in School of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Banaji,. Murad

    Psychology Undergraduate Courses in School of Psychology Undergraduate Courses in #12;The School has an excellent reputation for Psychology, which is important as I intend to continue in this field that. Zoe, BSc Psychology Contents 3 Welcome to the School of Psychology 4 Why choose Psychology

  13. Home-school Relations--An Exploration from the Perspective of Social Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pang, I-wah

    2000-01-01

    Explores home-school relations by using three social psychology theories: (1) symbolic interactionism; (2) social exchange theory; and (3) reference group theory. States that these theories can contribute to the understanding and development of home-school relations in Hong Kong (China). (CMK)

  14. The Idiographic Approach in Psychological Research. The Challenge of Overcoming Old Distinctions Without Risking to Homogenize.

    PubMed

    De Luca Picione, Raffaele

    2015-09-01

    In this paper I discuss the relevance of the single-case approach in psychological research. Based upon work by Hurtado-Parrado and López-López (Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 2015), who outlined the possibility that Single-Case Methods (SCMs) could be a valid alternative to Null Hypothesis Significance Testing (NHST), I introduce the idiographic approach (Salvatore and Valsiner Theory & Psychology, 20(6), 817-833, 2010; Valsiner Cultural & Psychology, 20(2), 147-159, 2014; Salvatore Culture & Psychology, 20(4), 477-500, 2014) based on the logic of abductive generalization, rather than the logic of inductive generalization. I present the theoretical, epistemological and methodological assumptions that this approach proposes; in particular, I discuss the re-conceptualization of some now obsolete rigid opposition, the inconsistency of sample use in psychological research, the relationship between uniqueness and general, the relationship between theory and phenomena, and finally the validation process. PMID:25939530

  15. Psychological stress, performance, and injury in sport.

    PubMed

    Hardy, L

    1992-07-01

    This paper reviews the empirical literature on psychological stress in sport, and the effects that such stress may have upon performance, vulnerability to injury, and rehabilitation from injury. It also examines the strategies that sports performers could use to overcome these effects. The major sources of stress that have been reported by sports performers include fear of failure, concerns about social evaluation by others (particularly the coach), lack of readiness to perform, and loss of internal control over one's environment. Various models and theories of the effects of such stress upon performance and vulnerability to injury are reviewed, including multidimensional anxiety theory and a catastrophe model of anxiety and performance. The cognitive and physiological processes which are thought to underly these effects are also reviewed, together with the intervention strategies that are implied by these processes. Research on the psychological stress that appears to be experienced by performers when they are injured is very limited. However, that which is available suggests that many of the same psychological skills that are thought to enhance performance can also be used to reduce the risk of injury, and promote a speedy recovery from injury. These include goal-setting, imagery, self-talk, and relaxation skills. PMID:1450888

  16. Psychological wellbeing, health and ageing

    PubMed Central

    Steptoe, Andrew; Deaton, Angus; Stone, Arthur A.

    2014-01-01

    Summary Psychological wellbeing and health are closely linked at older ages. Three aspects of psychological wellbeing can be distinguished: evaluative wellbeing (or life satisfaction), hedonic wellbeing (feelings of happiness, sadness, etc), and eudemonic wellbeing (sense of purpose and meaning in life). We review recent advances in this field, and present new analyses concerning the pattern of wellbeing across ages and the association between wellbeing and survival at older ages. The Gallup World Poll, an ongoing survey in more than 160 countries, shows a U-shaped relationship between evaluative wellbeing and age in rich, English speaking countries, with the lowest levels of wellbeing around ages 45-54. But this pattern is not universal: for example, respondents from the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe show a large progressive decline in wellbeing with age; Latin America also shows falling wellbeing with age, while wellbeing in sub-Saharan Africa shows little change with age. The relationship between physical health and subjective wellbeing is bidirectional. Older people suffering from illnesses such as coronary heart disease, arthritis and chronic lung disease show both raised levels of depressed mood and impaired hedonic and eudemonic wellbeing. Wellbeing may also have a protective role in health maintenance. In an illustrative analyses from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA), we find that eudemonic wellbeing is associated with longer survival; 29.3% of people in the lowest wellbeing quartile died over the average follow-up period of 8.5 years compared with 9.3% of those in the highest quartile. Associations were independent of age, gender, demographic factors, and baseline mental and physical health. We conclude that the wellbeing of the elderly is an important objective for both economic and health policy. Current psychological and economic theories do not adequately account for the variations in pattern of wellbeing with age across different parts of the world. The apparent association between wellbeing and survival is consistent with a protective role of high wellbeing, but alternative explanations cannot be ruled out at this stage. PMID:25468152

  17. Normality in Analytical Psychology

    PubMed Central

    Myers, Steve

    2013-01-01

    Although C.G. Jung’s interest in normality wavered throughout his career, it was one of the areas he identified in later life as worthy of further research. He began his career using a definition of normality which would have been the target of Foucault’s criticism, had Foucault chosen to review Jung’s work. However, Jung then evolved his thinking to a standpoint that was more aligned to Foucault’s own. Thereafter, the post Jungian concept of normality has remained relatively undeveloped by comparison with psychoanalysis and mainstream psychology. Jung’s disjecta membra on the subject suggest that, in contemporary analytical psychology, too much focus is placed on the process of individuation to the neglect of applications that consider collective processes. Also, there is potential for useful research and development into the nature of conflict between individuals and societies, and how normal people typically develop in relation to the spectrum between individuation and collectivity. PMID:25379262

  18. Normality in analytical psychology.

    PubMed

    Myers, Steve

    2013-12-01

    Although C.G. Jung's interest in normality wavered throughout his career, it was one of the areas he identified in later life as worthy of further research. He began his career using a definition of normality which would have been the target of Foucault's criticism, had Foucault chosen to review Jung's work. However, Jung then evolved his thinking to a standpoint that was more aligned to Foucault's own. Thereafter, the post Jungian concept of normality has remained relatively undeveloped by comparison with psychoanalysis and mainstream psychology. Jung's disjecta membra on the subject suggest that, in contemporary analytical psychology, too much focus is placed on the process of individuation to the neglect of applications that consider collective processes. Also, there is potential for useful research and development into the nature of conflict between individuals and societies, and how normal people typically develop in relation to the spectrum between individuation and collectivity. PMID:25379262

  19. The Smartphone Psychology Manifesto.

    PubMed

    Miller, Geoffrey

    2012-05-01

    By 2025, when most of today's psychology undergraduates will be in their mid-30s, more than 5 billion people on our planet will be using ultra-broadband, sensor-rich smartphones far beyond the abilities of today's iPhones, Androids, and Blackberries. Although smartphones were not designed for psychological research, they can collect vast amounts of ecologically valid data, easily and quickly, from large global samples. If participants download the right "psych apps," smartphones can record where they are, what they are doing, and what they can see and hear and can run interactive surveys, tests, and experiments through touch screens and wireless connections to nearby screens, headsets, biosensors, and other peripherals. This article reviews previous behavioral research using mobile electronic devices, outlines what smartphones can do now and will be able to do in the near future, explains how a smartphone study could work practically given current technology (e.g., in studying ovulatory cycle effects on women's sexuality), discusses some limitations and challenges of smartphone research, and compares smartphones to other research methods. Smartphone research will require new skills in app development and data analysis and will raise tough new ethical issues, but smartphones could transform psychology even more profoundly than PCs and brain imaging did. PMID:26168460

  20. Journal of Mathematical Psychology 51 (2007) 359382 Evolutionary models of color categorization based on discrimination

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Kent

    2007-01-01

    individuals and cultures is a longstanding and still controversial issue in psychology, linguistics communication, and simple learning rules is enough to evolve color-naming systems. Implications of this result for psychological theories of color categorization and the evolution of color-naming systems in human societies

  1. Feminism and Psychology: Analysis of a Half-Century of Research on Women and Gender

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Eagly, Alice H.; Eaton, Asia; Rose, Suzanna M.; Riger, Stephanie; McHugh, Maureen C.

    2012-01-01

    Starting in the 1960s, feminists argued that the discipline of psychology had neglected the study of women and gender and misrepresented women in its research and theories. Feminists also posed many questions worthy of being addressed by psychological science. This call for research preceded the emergence of a new and influential body of research…

  2. Modularity and the Facilitation Effect: Psychological Mechanisms of Transfer in Bilingual Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macswan, Jeff; Rolstad, Kellie

    2005-01-01

    This article draws upon recent work in the cognitive neurosciences to suggest that the facilitation effect follows naturally within current psychological theory. A view of the mind as consisting of discrete mental modules, called psychological modularity, is defended with case study evidence of double dissociation. It is argued that transfer of…

  3. Childhood Psychological Abuse and Adult Aggression: The Mediating Role of Self-Capacities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Brian

    2011-01-01

    The current study examines the utility of self-trauma theory for explaining the long-term impact of childhood psychological abuse on aggression. Specifically, the self-capacities of interpersonal relatedness, identity, and affect regulation are tested as mediators of the impact of psychological abuse on various types of aggression in adulthood.…

  4. Color-Mood Analysis of Films Based on Syntactic and Psychological Models Cheng-Yu Wei

    E-print Network

    Chang, Shih-Fu

    Color-Mood Analysis of Films Based on Syntactic and Psychological Models Cheng-Yu Wei Electrical and browsing. Based on film theories and psychological models, color-mood is an important factor affecting user emotional preferences. We propose a compact set of features for color-mood analysis and subgenre

  5. Nation-Level Indicators of Gender Equity in Psychological Research: Theoretical and Methodological Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyde, Janet Shibley

    2012-01-01

    Power and inequality are central concepts in feminist theory and practice. Yet, with a few notable exceptions, there is relatively little empirical research on gender and power within feminist psychology. A search of PsycINFO for articles published in "Psychology of Women Quarterly" for the years 2000-2011 yielded only 14 empirical articles with…

  6. Simple Quantum Model of Learning Explains the Yerkes-Dodson Law in Psychology

    E-print Network

    E. D. Vol

    2012-02-09

    We propose the simple model of learning based on which we derive and explain the Yerkes-Dodson law - one of the oldest laws of experimental psychology. The approach uses some ideas of quantum theory of open systems (QTOS) and develops the method of statistical description of psychological systems that was proposed by author earlier.

  7. The Power of the Situation: The Impact of Milgram's Obedience Studies on Personality and Social Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benjamin, Ludy T., Jr.; Simpson, Jeffry A.

    2009-01-01

    Few psychological studies, if any, can claim a legacy as imposing as the obedience studies of Stanley Milgram. Their impact was of notable consequence in the separate spheres of research ethics, research design, and theory in psychology, and they changed the ways that psychologists conceptualize and conduct their research. The authors discuss the…

  8. Psychological Contract Breach and Job Attitudes: A Meta-Analysis of Age as a Moderator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bal, P. Matthijs; De Lange, Annet H.; Jansen, Paul G. W.; Van Der Velde, Mandy E. G.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the influence of age in the relation between psychological contract breach and the development of job attitudes. Based on affective events, social exchange, and lifespan theory, we hypothesized that (1) psychological contract breach would be related negatively to job attitudes, and (2) that age would moderate…

  9. Bibliography of Journal Articles in Social Psychology: First Half of 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capasso, Deborah R.; Hendrick, Clyde

    The present bibliography updates three previous manuscripts which Hendrick helped develop. Articles from five journals are arranged alphabetically by heading and by author under 31 subject headings. The journals are Journal for the Theory of Social Behavior, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Journal…

  10. Narrative, Believed-In Imaginings, and Psychology's Methods: An Interview with Theodore R. Sarbin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hevern, Vincent W.

    1999-01-01

    Presents an interview with Theodore R. Sarbin, a Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Focuses on his work with narrative psychology and role theory, how he developed his research interests, and his book entitled "Believed-In Imaginings: The Narrative Construction of Reality." (CMK)

  11. A Psychological Perspective on the Temporal Dimensions of E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terras, Melody M.; Ramsay, Judith

    2014-01-01

    Psychological perspectives have long been reflected in educational theory and practice. Therefore, we expect psychology to contribute to our understanding of the impact of technology on the temporal aspects of teaching and learning in this digital age. Understanding how we learn, and how learning and teaching can be facilitated, are key to…

  12. The Concept of Situation and the Microgenesis of the Conscious Purpose in Cultural Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clara M.

    2013-01-01

    The importance of the specific environment for understanding the microgenesis of psychological processes is well documented. It can be argued, however, that the theoretical framework of cultural psychology which is usually referred to as cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT) underconceptualizes this aspect, thereby hampering its ability to…

  13. Psychology Students' Interest in Graduate Training: A Need for Partnership among Undergraduate Psychology and Graduate School Psychology Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stinnett, Terry A.; Solomon, Benjamin G.

    2014-01-01

    An initial point of contact for recruitment of qualified persons into school psychology is undergraduate psychology degree programs. Unfortunately, the discipline of school psychology appears to receive at best only cursory coverage in undergraduate psychology texts, curriculum, and discussion by psychology department faculty even though school…

  14. Accepted to appear in Journal of Positive Psychology, 2014 Crowd-Powered Positive Psychological Interventions

    E-print Network

    Accepted to appear in Journal of Positive Psychology, 2014 Crowd-Powered Positive Psychological, USA rmorris@media.mit.edu #12;Crowd-Powered Positive Psychological Interventions Recent advances for crowd-powered positive psychological interventions. Keywords: crowdsourcing; affective computing

  15. Combining Psychological Models with Machine Learning 1 Running head: COMBINING PSYCHOLOGICAL MODELS WITH MACHINE LEARNING

    E-print Network

    Kraus, Sarit

    Combining Psychological Models with Machine Learning 1 Running head: COMBINING PSYCHOLOGICAL MODELS WITH MACHINE LEARNING Combining Psychological Models with Machine Learning to Better Predict People's Decisions;Combining Psychological Models with Machine Learning 2 Abstract Creating agents that proficiently interact

  16. Racial Healthcare Disparities: A Social Psychological Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Penner, Louis A.; Hagiwara, Nao; Eggly, Susan; Gaertner, Samuel L.; Albrecht, Terrance L.; Dovidio, John F.

    2014-01-01

    Around the world, members of racial/ethnic minority groups typically experience poorer health than members of racial/ethnic majority groups. The core premise of this article is that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to race and ethnicity play a critical role in healthcare disparities. Social psychological theories of the origins and consequences of these thoughts, feelings, and behaviors offer critical insights into the processes responsible for these disparities and suggest interventions to address them. We present a multilevel model that explains how societal, intrapersonal, and interpersonal factors can influence ethnic/racial health disparities. We focus our literature review, including our own research, and conceptual analysis at the intrapersonal (the race-related thoughts and feelings of minority patients and non-minority physicians) and interpersonal levels (intergroup processes that affect medical interactions between minority patients and non-minority physicians). At both levels of analysis, we use theories of social categorization, social identity, contemporary forms of racial bias, stereotype activation, stigma, and other social psychological processes to identify and understand potential causes and processes of health and healthcare disparities. In the final section, we identify theory-based interventions that might reduce ethnic/racial disparities in health and healthcare. PMID:25197206

  17. Racial Healthcare Disparities: A Social Psychological Analysis.

    PubMed

    Penner, Louis A; Hagiwara, Nao; Eggly, Susan; Gaertner, Samuel L; Albrecht, Terrance L; Dovidio, John F

    2013-01-01

    Around the world, members of racial/ethnic minority groups typically experience poorer health than members of racial/ethnic majority groups. The core premise of this article is that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to race and ethnicity play a critical role in healthcare disparities. Social psychological theories of the origins and consequences of these thoughts, feelings, and behaviors offer critical insights into the processes responsible for these disparities and suggest interventions to address them. We present a multilevel model that explains how societal, intrapersonal, and interpersonal factors can influence ethnic/racial health disparities. We focus our literature review, including our own research, and conceptual analysis at the intrapersonal (the race-related thoughts and feelings of minority patients and non-minority physicians) and interpersonal levels (intergroup processes that affect medical interactions between minority patients and non-minority physicians). At both levels of analysis, we use theories of social categorization, social identity, contemporary forms of racial bias, stereotype activation, stigma, and other social psychological processes to identify and understand potential causes and processes of health and healthcare disparities. In the final section, we identify theory-based interventions that might reduce ethnic/racial disparities in health and healthcare. PMID:25197206

  18. UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN -MADISON DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Green, C. Shawn

    UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN - MADISON DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Undergraduate Psychology Advising Office, Rooms 426, 428 and 430 Psychology, advisor@psych.wisc.edu Welcome to the Department of Psychology at UW-Madison! The Department of Psychology at the University of Wisconsin, among

  19. Online Master of Science in Applied Psychology

    E-print Network

    Zhou, Xianghong Jasmine

    Online Master of Science in Applied Psychology #12;Online Master of Science in Applied Psychology of psychology to today's changing business environment. On behalf of the University of Southern California, I Psychology online program. Here at USC, we recognize the importance of applying psychology in many areas

  20. Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology

    E-print Network

    © Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology

  1. Teaching Personality Theories Using Popular Music

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leck, Kira

    2006-01-01

    Previously, psychology instructors have used popular music to illustrate psychological concepts in the classroom. In this study, students enrolled in a personality theories class heard 13 popular songs that demonstrated various concepts. Students then selected and analyzed their own songs that contained elements of personality theories. Test…

  2. Children's psychological responses to hospitalization.

    PubMed

    Vessey, Judith A

    2003-01-01

    The data-based literature addressing children's psychological responses to hospitalization was reviewed using methods outlined by Cooper (1989). Using a developmental science perspective, early research was reviewed and a model of variables that contribute to children's responses was constructed. This model consists of three major foci, including maturational and cognitive variables (developmental level, experience, coping style), ecological variables (family and hospital milieu), and biological variables (inborn factors and pathophysiology). Coping serves as the overarching framework for examining these variables and their contributions to children's responses to hospitalization. A variety of theoretical perspectives from the social sciences have been used, with psychoanalytic and stress and adaptation theories predominating. The majority of the research used simple case study, descriptive, or pre- and post-test designs. Methodologic issues were common. Little qualitative work has been done. Future research directions call for studies to adopt new theoretical and empirical models that are methodologically rigorous and clinically relevant and that embrace the precepts of developmental science. PMID:12858697

  3. Construal Levels and Psychological Distance: Effects on Representation, Prediction, Evaluation, and Behavior

    PubMed Central

    Trope, Yaacov; Liberman, Nira; Wakslak, Cheryl

    2011-01-01

    Construal level theory (CLT) is an account of how psychological distance influences individuals’ thoughts and behavior. CLT assumes that people mentally construe objects that are psychologically near in terms of low-level, detailed, and contextualized features, whereas at a distance they construe the same objects or events in terms of high-level, abstract, and stable characteristics. Research has shown that different dimensions of psychological distance (time, space, social distance, and hypotheticality) affect mental construal and that these construals, in turn, guide prediction, evaluation, and behavior. The present paper reviews this research and its implications for consumer psychology. PMID:21822366

  4. Counseling Psychology Doctoral Students' Training Experiences in Primary Care Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cox, Jared

    2011-01-01

    This qualitative study focused on counseling psychology doctoral students' perspectives regarding their practicum training experience in primary care psychology. The four participants included three females and one male. Semi-structured individual and focus group interviews were used to explore participants' experiences. The participants described…

  5. Parental Physical and Psychological Aggression: Psychological Symptoms in Young Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller-Perrin, Cindy L.; Perrin, Robin D.; Kocur, Jodie L.

    2009-01-01

    Objective: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between various levels of parent-child physical violence and psychological symptoms reported by college students, while controlling for demographic variables, severity and frequency of violence, and co-occurrence of parental psychological aggression. Method: Participants…

  6. Community psychology and the capabilities approach.

    PubMed

    Shinn, Marybeth

    2015-06-01

    What makes for a good life? The capabilities approach to this question has much to offer community psychology, particularly with respect to marginalized groups. Capabilities are freedoms to engage in valued social activities and roles-what people can do and be given both their capacities, and environmental opportunities and constraints. Economist Amartya Sen's focus on freedoms and agency resonates with psychological calls for empowerment, and philosopher Martha Nussbaum's specification of requirements for a life that is fully human provides an important guide for social programs. Community psychology's focus on mediating structures has much to offer the capabilities approach. Parallels between capabilities, as enumerated by Nussbaum, and settings that foster positive youth development, as described in a National Research Council Report (Eccles and Gootman (Eds) in Community programs to promote youth development. National Academy Press, Washington, 2002) suggest extensions of the approach to children. Community psychologists can contribute to theory about ways to create and modify settings to enhance capabilities as well as empowerment and positive youth development. Finally, capabilities are difficult to measure, because they involve freedoms to choose but only choices actually made or enacted can be observed. The variation in activities or goals across members of a setting provides a measure of the capabilities that the setting fosters. PMID:25822113

  7. The Power of Montessori's Positive Psychology in an Expanding Universe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haines, Annette

    1999-01-01

    Relates Montessori theory of development with the concept of connection to the universe and natural world, noting Montessori education's role in nurturing reestablished connection with the natural world. Describes events leading to a fulfilled life as part of psychological normalization, noting the importance of identifying positive tendencies of…

  8. The Department of Psychology offers both a Bachelor of

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    . This degree prepares undergraduate students for employment in applied settings or for graduate study emphasizes scientific theory, terminology, research methodology, and empirical findings in psychology's major areas of study. Through upper-division coursework and personal contact with faculty, our undergraduate

  9. Findings in Experimental Psychology as Functioning Principles of Theatrical Design.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Caldwell, George

    A gestalt approach to theatrical design seems to provide some ready and stable explanations for a number of issues in the scenic arts. Gestalt serves as the theoretical base for a number of experiments in psychology whose findings appear to delineate the principles of art to be used in scene design. The fundamental notion of gestalt theory

  10. A Short History of the Future: Feminism and Clinical Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marecek, Jeanne; Hare-Mustin, Rachel T.

    1991-01-01

    This brief history of feminism in clinical psychology traces the movement from its early criticism of the mental health establishment through the gender role issues of the present. Feminist innovations in theory are detailed, and feminists are urged to concentrate on issues of gender and power. (SLD)

  11. Work Separation Demands and Spouse Psychological Well-Being

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Orthner, Dennis K.; Rose, Roderick

    2009-01-01

    Using family resilience and ecological theories, we examine the relationship between partner work-required travel separations and spouse psychological well-being. The study examines the role of work-organization-provided supports for families and of informal support networks, including marital satisfaction, as factors that can reduce the risks for…

  12. The Development of a Psychological Aesthetic: Jay Hambidge & Charles Henry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McWhinnie, Harold J.

    This article reviews several movements in late 19th and early 20th century art and psychological research that are related to the early Greek method of proportional analysis generally known as the Golden Section. The document discusses the work of the artist Jay Hambidge on the nature of Greek art and design and his theory of dynamic symmetry.…

  13. Alternative Ways of Measuring Counselees' Jungian Psychological-Type Preferences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vacha-Haase, Tammi; Thompson, Bruce

    2002-01-01

    Instruments measuring Carl Jung's (1921/1971) theory of psychological types have been widely used in various counseling contexts, including career counseling, marital and family therapy, and team building. The most popular measure of types, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), was developed by Katherine C. Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs…

  14. Sustainability in Higher Education: Psychological Research for Effective Pedagogy

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Myers, Olin Eugene, Jr.; Beringer, Almut

    2010-01-01

    Psychological theory and research can make key contributions to sustainability scholarship and practice, as is demonstrated here in the field of higher education pedagogy. College students undergo profound changes in epistemological assumptions and in identity during their undergraduate years. Data on the Measure of Intellectual Development for…

  15. Images of Women in Psychology and Literature: An Interdisciplinary Course.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Pearl L.; Hoffnung, Michele

    1991-01-01

    Describes a women's studies course on images of women in psychology and literature. Includes a syllabus for the course divided into gender and genre, gender and difference in psychoanalytic theory, moral development, growing up female, relationships, and the minority experience. Discusses development of the course, problems encountered, and…

  16. Ethnographic Decision Tree Modeling: A Research Method for Counseling Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Kirk A.

    2005-01-01

    This article describes ethnographic decision tree modeling (EDTM; C. H. Gladwin, 1989) as a mixed method design appropriate for counseling psychology research. EDTM is introduced and located within a postpositivist research paradigm. Decision theory that informs EDTM is reviewed, and the 2 phases of EDTM are highlighted. The 1st phase, model…

  17. Psychological Distress and Mortality: Are Women More Vulnerable?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferraro, Kenneth F.; Nuriddin, Tariqah A.

    2006-01-01

    Does psychological distress increase mortality risk? If it does, are women more vulnerable than men to the effect of distress on mortality? Drawing from cumulative disadvantage theory, these questions are addressed with data from a 20-year follow-up of a national sample of adults ages 25-74. Event history analyses were performed to examine…

  18. Innocence Abroad: A Pocket Guide to Psychological Research on Tourism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berno, Tracy; Ward, Colleen

    2005-01-01

    This article introduces tourism as a neglected topic of study for psychologists and discusses how ventures into this area provide opportunities for pioneering research and innovative applications. A coherent body of theory, drawn from experimental, social, and health psychology and synthesized by cross-cultural psychologists for the study of…

  19. Creativity: Its Role in Healing and Place in Positive Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sikes, Charlotte

    The following article provides a look at the creative process through the eyes of positive psychology. It describes first how creativity fits into the theory behind this field, then goes on to trace how a positive psychologist might consider this construct: observing how it functions therapeutically in the natural environment, then theorizing…

  20. Using Astrology to Teach Research Methods to Introductory Psychology Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Roger A.; Grasha, Anthony F.

    1986-01-01

    Provides a classroom demonstration designed to test an astrological hypothesis and help teach introductory psychology students about research design and data interpretation. Illustrates differences between science and nonscience, the role of theory in developing and testing hypotheses, making comparisons among groups, probability and statistical…

  1. Jung's Psychology and Deleuze's Philosophy: The Unconscious in Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semetsky, Inna; Delpech-Ramey, Joshua A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the unconscious dimension as articulated in Carl Jung's depth psychology and in Gilles Deleuze's philosophy. Jung's theory of the archetypes and Deleuze's pedagogy of the concept are two complementary resources that posit individuation as the goal of human development and self-education in practice. The paper asserts that…

  2. Student Satisfaction with Online Learning: Is It a Psychological Contract?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dziuban, Charles; Moskal, Patsy; Thompson, Jessica; Kramer, Lauren; DeCantis, Genevieve; Hermsdorfer, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    The authors explore the possible relationship between student satisfaction with online learning and the theory of psychological contracts. The study incorporates latent trait models using the image analysis procedure and computation of Anderson and Rubin factors scores with contrasts for students who are satisfied, ambivalent, or dissatisfied with…

  3. The Development and Resulting Performance Impact of Positive Psychological Capital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luthans, Fred; Avey, James B.; Avolio, Bruce J.; Peterson, Suzanne J.

    2010-01-01

    Recently, theory and research have supported psychological capital (PsyCap) as an emerging core construct linked to positive outcomes at the individual and organizational level. However, to date, little attention has been given to PsyCap development through training interventions; nor have there been attempts to determine empirically if such…

  4. Sex differences in indirect aggression Psychological evidence from young adults

    E-print Network

    Sex differences in indirect aggression Psychological evidence from young adults Nicole H. Hessa theories of sex differences in indirect aggression propose selection pressures that would have acted on older teenagers and adults. Evidence for sex differences in indirect aggression in adults, however

  5. INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY MASTER'S DEGREE PROGRAM HANDBOOK

    E-print Network

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    INDUSTRIAL AND ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY MASTER'S DEGREE PROGRAM HANDBOOK University of Central;GENERAL INFORMATION Welcome to the Master of Science Degree Program in Industrial and Organizational on the application of theory and research to the human resource problems encountered by today's industrial

  6. The Clinician's "World of Action" as an Approach to Teaching Abnormal Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bibace, Roger; And Others

    1979-01-01

    Presents a description of an undergraduate abnormal psychology course developed from a theory of instruction and active student participation, the theoretical basis for the course, student course evaluation, and an interpretation of the students' performances. (Author/CK)

  7. Traveling Psychology Fair: Learner-Centered Outreach Activities to Stimulate Interest in Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johnson, Andrew T.; Mandernach, B. Jean

    2006-01-01

    The Traveling Psychology Fair is designed to bridge the gap between secondary and college psychology education, encourage enthusiasm for the study of psychology, enhance teaching resources for high school psychology instructors, and promote a deeper understanding of psychological principles for psychology majors. Consisting of 24 outreach…

  8. Black Psychology: The Third Great Tradition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Norman D.; Kono, Sumiko

    1977-01-01

    Contends that by first recognizing that black psychology exists as a unique entity, and then comparing the elements of the psychology of the East, West, and Africa, we might construct a "universal psychology" for all men. (Author/AM)

  9. Psychology and Optometry: Interaction and Collaboration.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Biaggio, Mary Kay; Bittner, Erika

    1990-01-01

    Because a number of vision conditions have psychological components and some psychological conditions may be complicated by vision difficulties, interdisciplinary cooperation between clinical psychology and optometry should prove fruitful for the diagnosis, treatment, and management of health problems. (EVL)

  10. Montana State University 1 Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    Montana State University 1 Department of Psychology Graduate Coordinator PO Box 173440 will be asked information listed on the Psychology Department's supplemental application form (http:// www that summarizes one's academic background in psychology or related field, career plans, research experience

  11. Memorial University Counselling Centre Professional Psychology

    E-print Network

    Oyet, Alwell

    1 Memorial University Counselling Centre Doctoral Professional Psychology Residency Programme 2013-2014 Accredited by the Canadian Psychological Association www of Counseling Services (IACS) www.iacsinc.org Participating Member: Canadian Council of Professional Psychology

  12. Interested in Political and Environmental Psychology?

    E-print Network

    British Columbia, University of

    Interested in Political and Environmental Psychology? The Reactions to be stressful, the REST Lab in the Department of Psychology at UBC continues to do research in three major areas: Political Psychology Ongoing projects are studying

  13. Bayesian Belief Polarization Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Spirtes, Peter

    Bayesian Belief Polarization Alan Jern Department of Psychology Carnegie Mellon University ajern considered by psychological studies of belief polarization. We focus on discrete hypothesis spaces Kemp Department of Psychology Carnegie Mellon University ckemp@cmu.edu Abstract Empirical studies have

  14. Psychology Practice: Design for Tomorrow

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodheart, Carol D.

    2011-01-01

    This article offers a blueprint for modernizing the delivery of high-quality behavioral health care and for improving access to care by a public sorely in need of psychological services. The blueprint brings together disparate elements of psychology practice into a more unified structure, an updated house, based upon advances in the essential…

  15. Psychological Foundations of Educational Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trow, Wm. Clark, Ed.; Haddan, Eugene E., Ed.

    This book of readings in educational psychology for teachers contains selections which are both historical and technological. More emphasis is placed on general information and direct educational applications than on theoretical and experimental education psychology, and some of the articles have been abridged. Topics covered include teacher…

  16. Robots in Space -Psychological Aspects

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sipes, Walter E.

    2006-01-01

    A viewgraph presentation on the psychological aspects of developing robots to perform routine operations associated with monitoring, inspection, maintenance and repair in space is shown. The topics include: 1) Purpose; 2) Vision; 3) Current Robots in Space; 4) Ground Based Robots; 5) AERCam; 6) Rotating Bladder Robot (ROBLR); 7) DART; 8) Robonaut; 9) Full Immersion Telepresence Testbed; 10) ERA; and 11) Psychological Aspects

  17. Objective techniques for psychological assessment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wortz, E.; Hendrickson, W.; Ross, T.

    1973-01-01

    A literature review and a pilot study are used to develop psychological assessment techniques for determining objectively the major aspects of the psychological state of an astronaut. Relationships between various performance and psychophysiological variables and between those aspects of attention necessary to engage successfully in various functions are considered in developing a paradigm to be used for collecting data in manned isolation chamber experiments.

  18. Idiographic Filters for Psychological Constructs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nesselroade, John R.; Gerstorf, Denis; Hardy, Sam A.; Ram, Nilam

    2007-01-01

    Ideally, the unit of analysis in psychology is the individual. However, many psychological methods do not cope well, either at the level of construct definition or at the level of measurement, with individuality in behavior. There is little leeway for constructs to be both idiosyncratically tailored to the individual, and still identified as…

  19. Integrating Social Justice and Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watts, Roderick J.

    2004-01-01

    This article seeks to extend the model Goodman et al. advanced for making counseling psychology training more useful in the struggle for social justice. In addition to affirming the ideas of Goodman et al., this article offers some specific examples of how conventional, micro-level ideas in U.S. psychology can be scaled upward to be useful across…

  20. Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Psychologist, 2013

    2013-01-01

    In the past 50 years forensic psychological practice has expanded dramatically. Because the practice of forensic psychology differs in important ways from more traditional practice areas (Monahan, 1980) the "Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists" were developed and published in 1991 (Committee on Ethical Guidelines for Forensic…

  1. Department: Psychology Course No: 133

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    : The overall goal of PSYC 133 is to introduce students to the "social science" perspective of psychological, students are encouraged to be skeptical of simplistic explanations (including those that exist in the media. Lowe Content Area: CA2-Social Sciences Catalog Copy: 133. General Psychology II Either semester. Three

  2. How Old Is Scientific Psychology?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harding, John S.

    Scientific psychology did not begin with Fechner and Wundt in the 19th century; its roots actually stretch back to 18th century Germany. The only detailed account of this period was published by Max Dessoir more than 80 years ago. Dessoir identified some of the crucial figures in early psychology, including Wolff, Bonnet, Kruger, Hissman, and…

  3. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin

    E-print Network

    Angilletta, Michael

    Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 2015, Vol. 41(8) 1036­1052 © 2015 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc Reprints and permissions: sagepub.com/journalsPermissions.nav DOI: 10.1177/0146167215588754 pspb.sagepub.com Article Choosing and attracting the right romantic partner are two of the most

  4. "Project Psychology": A Classroom Competition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fleck, Bethany K. B.; Hussey, Heather D.

    2009-01-01

    The authors describe an original and unique series of classroom group-work activities organized as a competitive game called "Project Psychology," which was implemented in an Introduction to Psychology course. The project goals included increasing student participation, interest, content comprehension, and motivation. Fostering connections to…

  5. What College Teachers Should Know about Memory: A Perspective from Cognitive Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Michelle D.

    2011-01-01

    Cognitive psychology has much to contribute to our understanding of the best ways to promote learning and memory in the college classroom. However, cognitive theory has evolved considerably in recent decades, and it is important for instructors to have an up-to-date understanding of these theories, particularly those--such as memory theories--that…

  6. Historical understanding and teaching in professional psychology.

    PubMed

    Baker, David B

    2002-08-01

    The teaching of the history of psychology in professional psychology training programs presents to students and teachers any number of opportunities and challenges. The increasing number of professional psychologists teaching the history of psychology coupled with advances in historical scholarship point to an ongoing evolution in the teaching of the history of psychology. In this introduction to the articles that follow, issues of content and context in teaching the history of psychology in professional psychology are discussed and affirmations offered. PMID:12269332

  7. Enrico Morselli's Psychology and "Spiritism": psychiatry, psychology and psychical research in Italy in the decades around 1900.

    PubMed

    Brancaccio, Maria Teresa

    2014-12-01

    This paper traces Enrico Morselli's intellectual trajectory from the 1870s to the early 1900s. His interest in phenomena of physical mediumship is considered against the backdrop of the theoretical developments in Italian psychiatry and psychology. A leading positivist psychiatrist and a prolific academic, Morselli was actively involved in the making of Italian experimental psychology. Initially sceptical of psychical research and opposed to its association with the 'new psychology', Morselli subsequently conducted a study of the physical phenomena produced by the medium Eusapia Palladino. He concluded that her phenomena were genuine and represented them as the effects of an unknown bio-psychic force present in all human beings. By contextualizing Morselli's study of physical mediumship within contemporary theoretical and disciplinary discourse, this study elaborates shifts in the interpretations of 'supernormal' phenomena put forward by leading Italian psychiatrists and physiologists. It demonstrates that Morselli's interest in psychical research stems from his efforts to comprehend the determinants of complex psychological phenomena at a time when the dynamic theory of matter in physics, and the emergence of neo-vitalist theories influenced the theoretical debates in psychiatry, psychology and physiology. PMID:25218119

  8. Psychological screening program overview.

    PubMed

    Wright, Kathleen M; Huffman, Ann H; Adler, Amy B; Castro, Carl A

    2002-10-01

    This article reviews the literature on health surveillance conducted during military deployments, focusing on models for assessing the impact of operational deployments on peacekeepers. A discussion of the stressors and potential mental health consequences of peacekeeping operations follows with relevant examples of findings from U.S. and international military forces. Psychological screening in different peacekeeping operations conducted in U.S. Army-Europe is reviewed. The review begins with the redeployment screening of military personnel deployed to Bosnia mandated under the Joint Medical Surveillance Program, and continues through the present screening of units deployed to Kosovo. The detailed description of the screening program includes a discussion of procedures and measures and demonstrates the evolution of the program. A summary of key findings from the screening program and a discussion of future research directions are provided. PMID:12392255

  9. Psychologic effects of residency.

    PubMed

    Reuben, D B

    1983-03-01

    The intense situational and physiologic stresses that accompany postgraduate training may have serious psychosocial ramifications. Although only a small proportion of residents have overt psychiatric illness, virtually all display some psychologic impairment. Contributing factors include life-changes, stresses associated with providing patient care, loss of social support, long working hours, sleep deprivation, and underlying personality traits of residents. The manifestations of this impairment are variable and may be subtle. In response to these problems, residency programs have taken steps to provide psychosocial support. Unfortunately, most programs do not offer formal support groups or seminars to discuss difficulties that accompany residency. Further definition of the psychosocial effects of residency may prompt changes that make the training of physicians a more humane process. PMID:6828903

  10. Psychological Reasoning in Infancy.

    PubMed

    Baillargeon, Renée; Scott, Rose M; Bian, Lin

    2016-01-01

    Adults routinely make sense of others' actions by inferring the mental states that underlie these actions. Over the past two decades, developmental researchers have made significant advances in understanding the origins of this ability in infancy. This evidence indicates that when infants observe an agent act in a simple scene, they infer the agent's mental states and then use these mental states, together with a principle of rationality (and its corollaries of efficiency and consistency), to predict and interpret the agent's subsequent actions and to guide their own actions toward the agent. In this review, we first describe the initial demonstrations of infants' sensitivity to the efficiency and consistency principles. We then examine how infants identify novel entities as agents. Next, we summarize what is known about infants' ability to reason about agents' motivational, epistemic, and counterfactual states. Finally, we consider alternative interpretations of these findings and discuss the current controversy about the relation between implicit and explicit psychological reasoning. PMID:26393869

  11. Counseling Health Psychology: Assessing Health Psychology Training within Counseling Psychology Doctoral Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raque-Bogdan, Trisha L.; Torrey, Carrie L.; Lewis, Brian L.; Borges, Nicole J.

    2013-01-01

    Training directors of American Psychological Association-approved counseling psychology doctoral programs completed a questionnaire assessing (a) student and faculty involvement in health-related research, practice, and teaching; (b) health-related research conducted by students and faculty; and (c) programs' expectations and ability to…

  12. Revenge: An Analysis of Its Psychological Underpinnings.

    PubMed

    Grobbink, Leonie H; Derksen, Jan J L; van Marle, Hjalmar J C

    2015-07-01

    An overview of the literature and theories concerning revenge is presented in this study. The aim is to clarify the boundaries between a healthy and pathological way of dealing with revenge to improve diagnostics, with regard to both theory and clinical practice. Revenge is an intrapersonal phenomenon and the extent to which people need revenge has a certain degree of stability. A healthy way of dealing with revenge may restore the psychological balance that has previously been disturbed. However, the desire for revenge can be long-lasting and dysfunctional due to, among other things, early problems in development and specific personality traits. Consequently, a pathological way of dealing with revenge can be part of a disorder and can lead to destructive acts such as homicide and even mass murder. Some clinical examples are presented and points of attention regarding diagnostics and treatment are discussed. PMID:24441031

  13. The Concept of the Moral Domain in Moral Foundations Theory and Cognitive Developmental Theory: Horses for Courses?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maxwell, Bruce; Beaulac, Guillaume

    2013-01-01

    Moral foundations theory chastises cognitive developmental theory for having foisted on moral psychology a restrictive conception of the moral domain which involves arbitrarily elevating the values of justice and caring. The account of this negative influence on moral psychology, referred to in the moral foundations theory literature as the…

  14. Psychologic stress related to injury and impact on sport performance.

    PubMed

    Nippert, Angela H; Smith, Aynsley M

    2008-05-01

    Injury rates are high among children and adolescent athletes. Psychosocial stressors, such as personality, history of stressors, and life event stress can influence injury occurrence. After injury, those same factors plus athletic identity, self-esteem, and significant others-such as parents, coaches, and teammates-can affect injury response, recovery and subsequent sport performance. Goal setting, positive self-talk, attribution theory, and relaxation or mental imagery are psychologic interventions that can help injured athletes cope with psychosocial stressors. Medical professionals should be aware of the potential influence that psychosocial stressors and psychologic interventions can have on injury occurrence, injury recovery, and sport performance. PMID:18395654

  15. Fall, 2015 Psychology Depth Courses Psychology 501: Child Psychopathology (IC)

    E-print Network

    Green, C. Shawn

    , including Intellectual Disabilities, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder health. Students will be provided an extensive overview of the major psychological disorders of childhood, and Depressive and Anxiety Disorders. Lectures will incorporate interactive elements to cover topics

  16. Psychological complications of pediatric obesity.

    PubMed

    Vander Wal, Jillon S; Mitchell, Elisha R

    2011-12-01

    Psychological complications associated with pediatric obesity include low self-esteem, depression, body dissatisfaction, loss-of-control eating, unhealthy and extreme weight control behaviors, impaired social relationships, obesity stigma, and decreased health-related quality of life. Bioecological models offer a framework for understanding the interaction between pediatric obesity and psychological complications and illustrate system-level approaches for prevention and intervention. As the medical setting is often the first point of contact for families, pediatricians are instrumental in the identification and referral of children with psychological complications. Motivational interviewing, patient talking points, brief screening measures, and referral resources are important tools in this process. PMID:22093858

  17. Psychology brings justice: the science of forensic psychology.

    PubMed

    Gudjonsson, Gisli H

    2003-01-01

    In this paper the focus is on one aspect of forensic psychology: the development of psychological instruments, a social psychological model and assessment procedures for evaluating the credibility of witnesses and police detainees during interviewing. Clinically grounded case work and research has impacted on police interviewing and practice, the admissibility of expert psychological testimony and the outcome of cases of miscarriage of justice. After describing the research that laid the foundations for advancement of scientific knowledge in this area, a brief review is presented of 22 high-profile murder cases where convictions based on confession evidence have been quashed on appeal between 1989 and 2001, often primarily on the basis of psychological evidence. The review of the cases demonstrates that psychological research and expert testimony in cases of disputed confessions have had a profound influence on the practice and ruling of the Court of Appeal for England and Wales and the British House of Lords. The cases presented in this paper show that it is wrong to assume that only persons with learning disability or those who are mentally ill make unreliable or false confessions. Personality factors, such as suggestibility, compliance, high trait anxiety and antisocial personality traits, are often important in rendering a confession unreliable. Future research needs to focus more on the role of personality factors in rendering the evidence of witnesses and suspects potentially unreliable. PMID:14654868

  18. Sameness and the self: philosophical and psychological considerations

    PubMed Central

    Klein, Stanley B.

    2014-01-01

    In this paper I examine the concept of cross-temporal personal identity (diachronicity). This particular form of identity has vexed theorists for centuries—e.g., how can a person maintain a belief in the sameness of self over time in the face of continual psychological and physical change? I first discuss various forms of the sameness relation and the criteria that justify their application. I then examine philosophical and psychological treatments of personal diachronicity (for example, Locke's psychological connectedness theory; the role of episodic memory) and find each lacking on logical grounds, empirical grounds or both. I conclude that to achieve a successful resolution of the issue of the self as a temporal continuant we need to draw a sharp distinction between the feeling of the sameness of one's self and the evidence marshaled in support of that feeling. PMID:24523707

  19. Review of the Application of Positive Psychology to Substance Use, Addiction, and Recovery Research

    PubMed Central

    Krentzman, Amy R.

    2012-01-01

    Advances in positive psychology have grown exponentially over the past decade. The addictions field has experienced its own growth in a positive direction, embodied by the recovery movement. Despite parallel developments, and great momentum on both sides, there has been little crosspollination. This review introduces positive psychology and the recovery movement, describes the research on positive psychology in the addictions, and discusses future avenues of theory, research, and intervention based on a positive-psychology framework. A systematic review of positive psychology applied to substance use, addiction, and recovery found nine studies which are discussed according to the following themes: theoretical propositions, character strengths and drinking, positive psychology and recovery, positive interventions, and addiction: feeling good and feeling bad. The current scholarship is scant, but diverse, covering a wide range of populations (adults, adolescents, those in and out of treatment), topics (character strengths, recovery, positive affect), and addictive behaviors (work addiction, cigarette smoking, and alcohol use disorders). There is diversity, too, in country of origin, with work originating in the US, UK, Poland, and Spain. The rigorous application of the lens, tools, and approaches of positive psychology to addiction research generally, and to the aims of the recovery movement specifically, has potential for the development of theory and innovation in prevention and intervention. Further, because the work in positive psychology has primarily focused on microsystems, it may be primed to make contributions to the predominantly macro-systems focus of the recovery movement. PMID:22985057

  20. Psychology, Department of Faculty Publications, Department of

    E-print Network

    French, Jeffrey A.

    Psychology, Department of Faculty Publications, Department of Psychology University of Nebraska - Lincoln Year 2001 Introduction: Fear and Loathing of Evolutionary Psychology in the Social Sciences Daniel of Evolutionary Psychology in the Social Sciences Daniel W. Leger Alan C. Kamil University of

  1. A Brief History of International School Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oakland, Thomas

    1993-01-01

    Traces a century of growth in international school psychology. Cites various conditions and events which fostered development of international school psychology and four international, regional, and national conferences that strongly impacted on school psychology. Describes creation of International School Psychology Committee in 1972 and efforts…

  2. Psychology with Management BSc (Hons) Key details

    E-print Network

    Painter, Kevin

    Psychology with Management BSc (Hons) Key details Duration: Full-time: 4 years Delivery type: Day% Psychology with 25% Business and Management modules. Psychology modules cover a range of core approaches to psychology as well as research design and analysis and applied specialist topics. The curriculum is based

  3. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 239W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 239W Course Title: Current Topics in Developmental Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: Current Topics in Developmental Psychology Division of the Department of Psychology, the faculty have used this "Current Topics" course to fulfill

  4. PSYCHOLOGY, B. A. (Fall 2015-Summer 2016)

    E-print Network

    Hamburger, Peter

    PSYCHOLOGY, B. A. (Fall 2015-Summer 2016) IPFW Residency Requirements: ____ 32 credits at 200 level credits 300­400 level ____2.0 GPA Degree/Major/Gen Ed ____C- or above in Major/Gen Ed PSYCHOLOGY CORE in major. ______ 3 PSY 12000 Elementary Psychology ______ 3 PSY 14000 Critical Foundations for Psychology

  5. College of Science Bachelor of Science, Psychology

    E-print Network

    Zallen, Richard

    College of Science Bachelor of Science, Psychology Major Checksheet for Students Graduating Education (CLE) courses and the foreign language requirement, psychology majors are required to take 28 OF PSYCHOLOGY (6 hrs.): PSYC 2004-rntroductory Psychology (Prereq. for all other courses) PSYC 2094-Principles

  6. Department :PSYCHOLOGY Course number: 3370 W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department :PSYCHOLOGY Course number: 3370 W Course title: Current Topics in Clinical Psychology Psychology. Three credits. Either semester. Prerequisite: PSYC 243 or PSYC 245 or PSYC 245W or consent of instructor. May be repeated for credit with a change in topic. Justification: Clinical psychology is an area

  7. Psychology Old and New Gary Hatfield

    E-print Network

    Hatfield, Gary

    Psychology Old and New Gary Hatfield University of Pennsylvania Psychology as the study of mind States. This established psychology was in part a school discipline, conveyed in textbooks and lectures psychology was also an object of research and speculation by physicians and independent scholars. James Mill

  8. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 242W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 242W Course Title: Laboratory in Social Psychology ; PSYC 240 , and consent of instructor. Methods and techniques of research in social psychology psychology in order to be the best resources to the students, given the subject matter. #12;

  9. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 296W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 296W Course Title: Senior Thesis in Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: Senior Thesis in Psychology. Either semester. ThreeW is an Honors course taken by Psychology majors in their last semester of study; the purpose

  10. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 245W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 245W Course Title: Abnormal Psychology Credits: 3 Criteria: 1. This course covers topics in abnormal psychology, including specific syndromes in several ways. First, the students must read relevant chapters of the Psychology Student Writer's Manual

  11. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 241W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 241W Course Title: Current Topics in Social Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: 241W. Current Topics in Social Psychology. Semester of bias, communication of prejudice, self-in social psychology, psychosocial aspects of the HIV epidemic

  12. Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 282W

    E-print Network

    Alpay, S. Pamir

    Department.: Psychology Course Number: PSYC 282W Course Title: Social-Organizational Psychology Credits: 3 Contact Person: John Rickards Catalog Copy: PSYC 282W. Social-Organizational Psychology. Either semester. Three credits. Prerequisite: PSYC 268 or PSYC 240. Barnes-Farell, Magley. Social psychological

  13. CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    2014-2015 CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM GRADUATE STUDENT HANDBOOK The Texas Tech Univeristy Clinical Psychology doctoral program is accredited by the American PsychologicalAssociation (APA: Office of Program Consultation and Accreditation American Psychology Association 750 First Street, N. E

  14. Neil Carter Psychology Department, Swansea University

    E-print Network

    Berger, Ulrich

    #12;Title Subtitle Neil Carter Psychology Department, Swansea University March 6, 2012 Title Neil Carter Psychology Department, Swansea University #12;#12;Title Neil Carter Psychology Department, Swansea Psychology Department, Swansea University #12;Slide 6: Without title, with footline, with logo. Itemized One

  15. TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    1 TEXAS TECH UNIVERSITY COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM STUDENT HANDBOOK 2012-2013 #12;2 TABLE #12;3 I. Introduction The Ph.D. program in Counseling Psychology in the Department of Psychology at Texas Tech University offers training in the professional practice of Psychology, more specifically

  16. Is Vygotsky Relevant? Vygotsky's Marxist Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Packer, Martin J.

    2008-01-01

    This article explores the connections between Vygotsky's psychology and Marxism, arguing that his was a "Marxist psychology" in its "historical foundation": a specific conception of history. This conception of history is evident in Vygotsky's analysis and diagnosis of the crisis in psychology. The creation of a Marxist, general psychology was the…

  17. Psychology in the public service.

    PubMed

    Zimbardo, Philip G

    2002-01-01

    Philip G. Zimbardo outlines the challenges and opportunities he faces as the American Psychological Association's (APA's) 110th president. This article expands on remarks made in his introduction to Patrick H. DeLeon's presidential address at the APA's 2001 annual convention in San Francisco, California. Appearing now, mid-term in his presidency, that vision is a working blueprint of his activities and what he hopes to accomplish in his remaining tenure: enhancing psychologists' pride in psychology; developing more productive relationships with all media as gatekeepers to the public; publishing the standard high school psychology textbook; developing a compendium of all psychological research that illustrates how psychologists have made a significant difference in improving various aspects of the quality of life of individuals, groups, communities, and the United States; and encouraging greater unity of purpose and respect among psychologists across their many diverse domains and specialties. PMID:12094437

  18. Cognitive Psychology and Mathematical Thinking.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greer, Brian

    1981-01-01

    This review illustrates aspects of cognitive psychology relevant to the understanding of how people think mathematically. Developments in memory research, artificial intelligence, visually mediated processes, and problem-solving research are discussed. (MP)

  19. [Mediation model in adolescent psychology].

    PubMed

    Deguitre, Marie; Pascal-Verdelhan, Chantal; Saez, Catherine; Calmels, Marie-Jeanne; Nesensohn, Jessica; Legras, Stéphanie; Paradis, Martine

    2014-01-01

    Body mediation is today used as a tool for establishing a relationship with a young person experiencing psychological suffering. It is particularly useful in adolescence, a period marked by the destabilisation of emotional and relational fields. PMID:24941629

  20. To Get Started: PSYCHOLOGY ONLINE

    E-print Network

    Minnesota, University of

    Training Affirmative Action officer Community Organization Worker Probation Officer + Mental Health With a Major in Psychology? Counselor + Rehabilitation Worker Corrections Caseworker Behavioral Health Technician Psychiatric Social Worker + Psychotherapist+ Development Officer (fundraiser) Medical Case Worker