Sample records for psychological theory

  1. Psychological Theories of Immigration

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maria Y. Hernandez

    2009-01-01

    Psychology provides a theoretical perspective for the analysis of human behavior and the social environment resulting from immigration. Acculturation outcomes have been of primary interest within the field of psychology as they connect to immigrant well-being. This review expands the focus from acculturation outcomes to the frameworks of acculturative stress, cultural learning, attachment theory, and ethnic identity to further explore

  2. [Psychological theory and implicit sociology.].

    PubMed

    Sévigny, R

    1983-01-01

    This text is based on the hypothesis that every theory on the psychology of personality must inevitably, in one manner or another, have a sociological referent, that is to say, it must refer to a body of knowledge which deals with a diversity of social contexts and their relations to individuals. According to this working hypothesis, such a sociology is implicit. This text then discusses a group of theoretical approaches in an effort to verify this hypothesis. This approach allows the extrication of diverse forms or diverse expressions of this implicit sociology within this context several currents are rapidly explored : psychoanalysis, behaviorism, gestalt, classical theory of needs. The author also comments on the approach, inspired by oriental techniques or philosophies, which employs the notion of myth to deepen self awareness. Finally, from the same perspective, he comments at greater length on the work of Carl Rogers, highlighting the diverse form of implicit sociology. In addition to Carl Rogers, this text refers to Freud, Jung, Adler, Reich, Perls, Goodman, Skinner as well as to Ginette Paris and various analysts of Taoism. In conclusion, the author indicates the significance of his analysis from double viewpoint of psychological theory and practice. PMID:17093766

  3. Psychological Theories of Crime and Delinquency

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Megan Moore

    2011-01-01

    Several psychological theories have been used to understand crime and delinquency. This literature review categorizes these perspectives into five areas, provides a brief overview of each, and analyzes and synthesizes the relevant, elements within each area. The major perspectives reviewed are learning theories, intelligence theories, personality theories, theories of psychopathy, and cognitive and social development theories. These are included in

  4. The Psychological Import of Syntactic Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pereplyotchik, David

    2012-01-01

    My primary goal is to assess whether, and in what sense, the rules or principles of grammar are psychologically real. I begin by casting doubt on a received view in generative linguistics, according to which a true theory of the syntax of natural language would, ipso facto, be a theory of a psychological state or mechanism. I argue that a…

  5. Psychological Testing: Theory and Applications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Janda, Louis H.

    This text prepares students to quantify observations through psychological testing. Measurement is critical in all the subareas of psychology, and the text begins by discussing the applications of testing in the subdisciplines of psychology. The book also discusses the extent to which tests are actually used. Early chapters discuss general…

  6. MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2011-2012 Psychology The School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh #12;MSc in the History and Theory of Psychology 2011/12 2 MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology 2011-2012 This booklet is a guide

  7. Piaget's Theory: A Psychological Critique.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Geoffrey; Desforges, Charles

    The authors offer a detailed and systematic critique of Piaget's theory of cognitive development, examining it in relation to other theories of development. Chapter 1 points out some of the problems in building and evaluating scientific theories and considers contrasting approaches to cognitive development (including those which focus on…

  8. Educational theory and the psychology of learning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. T. Buswell

    1956-01-01

    After discussing in detail what consequences various theories of learning hold for practical educational situations, the author points out current practices in educational research as related to the psychology of learning. He feels that in general educational psychologists have not been independent enough in solving problems in their field. They should \\

  9. Darwinian Theory, Functionalism, and the First American Psychological Revolution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Green, Christopher D.

    2009-01-01

    American functionalist psychology constituted an effort to model scientific psychology on the successes of English evolutionary theory. In part it was a response to the stagnation of Wundt's psychological research program, which had been grounded in German experimental physiology. In part it was an attempt to make psychology more appealing within…

  10. Employee agency: challenges and opportunities for psychological contract theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Hannele Seeck; Marjo-Riitta Parzefall

    2008-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine what employee agency entails for psychological contract theory. The paper aims to explore how employee agency manifests itself, how it is reflected in employees' perceptions of their psychological contract obligations, and what it implies for psychological contract theory. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The study draws on a qualitative interview study of employees

  11. Goals in a Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology

    E-print Network

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    Goals in a Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology Jerry R. HOBBS and Andrew GORDON University of commonsense psychology, or how peole think they think, we have developed a formal theory of goals. In it we, intactness, and importance. Keywords. Goals, commonsense psychology, commonsense reasoning, intention

  12. Darwinian theory, functionalism, and the first American psychological revolution.

    PubMed

    Green, Christopher D

    2009-01-01

    American functionalist psychology constituted an effort to model scientific psychology on the successes of English evolutionary theory. In part it was a response to the stagnation of Wundt's psychological research program, which had been grounded in German experimental physiology. In part it was an attempt to make psychology more appealing within the highly pragmatic American context and to facilitate the application of psychology to domains outside of the scientific laboratory. Applications of psychology that emerged from the functionalist ethos included child and developmental psychology, clinical psychology, psychological testing, and industrial/vocational psychology. Functionalism was also the ground within which behaviorism rooted and grew into the dominant form of psychology through the middle of the 20th century. PMID:19203139

  13. Alternative probability theories for cognitive psychology.

    PubMed

    Narens, Louis

    2014-01-01

    Various proposals for generalizing event spaces for probability functions have been put forth in the mathematical, scientific, and philosophic literatures. In cognitive psychology such generalizations are used for explaining puzzling results in decision theory and for modeling the influence of context effects. This commentary discusses proposals for generalizing probability theory to event spaces that are not necessarily boolean algebras. Two prominent examples are quantum probability theory, which is based on the set of closed subspaces of a Hilbert space, and topological probability theory, which is based on the set of open sets of a topology. Both have been applied to a variety of cognitive situations. This commentary focuses on how event space properties can influence probability concepts and impact cognitive modeling. PMID:24482331

  14. History & Theory of Psychology Eprint Archive

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This eprint server is "offered as a free service to the community of scholarly historians and theoreticians of psychology with the goal of promoting the rapid dissemination of new work in the field." Christopher D. Green of the History & Theory of Psychology Program at York University (Toronto, Canada), maintains HTP Prints with support from York's Arts Technology Support Group, and the papers here are both preprints and final versions. Users can browse or search the archive and also sign up to receive updates when new papers are added. While there are a large number of subjects (in the browseable tree) that have no papers at this time, HTP Prints is only a few months old, and over time it will undoubtedly grow.

  15. PSYCHOLOGY 407: ATTACHMENT THEORY AND RELATIONSHIPS Spring 2014

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    1 PSYCHOLOGY 407: ATTACHMENT THEORY AND RELATIONSHIPS Spring 2014 Mondays, 12-mail: jcablow@uoregon.edu No phone calls please Course Description Attachment theory, from a scientific and educational point of view, attachment theory

  16. Toward a Theory of Psychological Type Congruence for Advertisers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, Michael H.; And Others

    Focusing on the impact of advertisers' persuasive selling messages on consumers, this paper discusses topics relating to the theory of psychological type congruence. Based on an examination of persuasion theory and relevant psychological concepts, including recent cognitive stability and personality and needs theory and the older concept of…

  17. Positive Psychology and Self-Determination Theory: A Natural Interface

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kennon M. Sheldon; Richard M. Ryan

    \\u000a This chapter discusses both the positive psychology movement (PPM) and self-determination theory (SDT), arguing that SDT is\\u000a a prototypical example of a positive psychology theory. SDT provides a nuanced, integrated, and scientifically supported framework\\u000a for understanding optimal functioning, while also addressing “negative” processes that can get in the way of optimal functioning.\\u000a Two primary prescriptions for positive psychology researchers are

  18. HANDBOOK OF MENTAL DEFICIENCY, PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORY AND RESEARCH. MCGRAW-HILL SERIES IN PSYCHOLOGY.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    ELLIS, NORMAN R.

    THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF 21 AUTHORS IN THIS VOLUME ARE DEVOTED TO ASSESSING THE STATUS OF RESEARCH AND THEORY IN MENTAL DEFICIENCY, FOCUSING ATTENTION ON THE BEHAVIOR OF THE MENTALLY HANDICAPPED. PART ONE IS CONCERNED WITH RESEARCH FINDINGS AND THEORIES TO EXPLAIN MENTAL DEFICIENCY. COMPREHENSIVE PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES REPRESENTED INCLUDE FIELD…

  19. Social Action Theory for a Public Health Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Craig K. Ewart

    1991-01-01

    Many illnesses can be prevented or limited by altering personal behavior, and public health planners have turned to psychology for guidance in fostering self-protective activity. A social theory of personal action provides an integrative framework for applying psychology to public health, disclosing gaps in our current understanding of self-regulation, and generating guidelines for improving health promotion at the population level.

  20. The role of competence theories in cognitive psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zenon W. Pylyshyn

    1973-01-01

    This paper discusses several common misunderstandings regarding theories of competence. Such theories are characterized as being concerned with the epistemological side of cognitive psychology and as being based primarily on evidence of a special kind: intuitions of competent performers. The nature of such evidence is examined in relation to the question of objectivity. The position that competence may be described

  1. Cognitive Psychology and Audience-Oriented Dramatic Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bratt, David

    Cognitive psychology's most useful contribution to dramatic theory is the concept of schemata, or the mental structures that make up part of the perceptual cycle. In regard to an audience-oriented dramatic theory, this suggests that analysis of a script ought to identify the sorts of schemata that are to be aroused in the audience's minds and the…

  2. Ethnic nationalism, evolutionary psychology and Genetic Similarity Theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Philippe Rushton

    2005-01-01

    Genetic Similarity Theory extends Anthony D. Smith's theory of ethno-symbolism by anchoring ethnic nepotism in the evolutionary psychology of altruism. Altruism toward kin and similar others evolved in order to help replicate shared genes. Since ethnic groups are repositories of shared genes, xenophobia is the 'dark side' of human altruism. A review of the literature demonstrates the pull of genetic

  3. Moving forward with grounded theory in sport and exercise psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas L. Holt; Katherine A. Tamminen

    2010-01-01

    ObjectiveThis paper is a commentary on the use of grounded theory methodology in sport and exercise psychology (see Holt & Tamminen, 2010; Weed, 2009, in press). The purpose is to suggest ways in which researchers can plan grounded theory studies in a manner that demonstrates understanding of research philosophies, methodologies, and methods.

  4. Shopping around for Theories for Counseling Psychology Practice: Reaction

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hill, Clara E.

    2012-01-01

    Three psychotherapy theories are summarized and critiqued for their applicability to counseling psychology. The lack of attention to psychodynamic and experiential theories in the special section and the lack of theorizing by counseling psychologists in general are lamented. A plea is made for encouraging counseling psychologists to construct more…

  5. Towards a Pluralist Methodological Approach: Combining Performativity Theory, Discursive Psychology and Theories of Affect

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christina Scharff

    2011-01-01

    Butler's performativity theory has had an impact on many disciplines, but its use in conjunction with discourse analysis has not been developed. This article introduces a pluralist methodological framework that combines performativity theory with discursive psychology, itself a variant of discourse analysis. By exploring critiques of discursive psychology, such as the perspective of cultural psychoanalysis, the article delineates complementarities between

  6. Construal-Level Theory of Psychological Distance

    PubMed Central

    Trope, Yaacov; Liberman, Nira

    2011-01-01

    People are capable of thinking about the future, the past, remote locations, another person’s perspective, and counterfactual alternatives. Without denying the uniqueness of each process, it is proposed that they constitute different forms of traversing psychological distance. Psychological distance is egocentric: Its reference point is the self in the here and now, and the different ways in which an object might be removed from that point—in time, in space, in social distance, and in hypotheticality—constitute different distance dimensions. Transcending the self in the here and now entails mental construal, and the farther removed an object is from direct experience, the higher (more abstract) the level of construal of that object. Supporting this analysis, research shows (a) that the various distances are cognitively related to each other, (b) that they similarly influence and are influenced by level of mental construal, and (c) that they similarly affect prediction, preference, and action. PMID:20438233

  7. The Second Law of Thermodynamics Is the First Law of Psychology: Evolutionary Developmental Psychology and the Theory Of Tandem,

    E-print Network

    Cosmides, Leda

    The Second Law of Thermodynamics Is the First Law of Psychology: Evolutionary Developmental for their research. The goal in evolutionary developmental psychology is to move beyond such bland general statements Psychology and the Theory Of Tandem, Coordinated Inheritances: Comment on Lickliter and Honeycutt (2003) John

  8. The Psychological Theory of Political Socialization and the Political Theory of Child Development:The Dangers of Normal Science

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Timothy E. Cook

    1989-01-01

    The relationship between psychological theory and political theory has long been precarious in the study of political socialization. Political scientists often skirt problems of psychological models, and most developmental theorists do not recognize that they make statements of utility to political theories. Political scientists’ choice of psychological models is largely dictated by the political theory being emphasized; the implications for

  9. Prospect theory or construal level theory? Diminishing sensitivity vs. psychological distance in risky decisions.

    PubMed

    Trautmann, Stefan T; van de Kuilen, Gijs

    2012-01-01

    Attitudes toward risks are central to organizational decisions. These attitudes are commonly modeled by prospect theory. Construal level theory has been proposed as an alternative theory of risky choice, accounting for psychological distance deriving from temporal, spatial and social aspects of risk that are typical of agency situations. Unnoticed in the literature, the two theories make contradicting predictions. The current study investigates which theory provides a better description of risky decisions in the presence of temporal, spatial, and social factors. We find that the psychophysical effects modeled by prospect theory dominate the psychological distance effects of construal level theory. PMID:22011526

  10. Psychological Theory Seeks to Define Obesity.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burgard, Debby

    1993-01-01

    Examines various psychodynamic and behavioral theories in a discussion about obesity and mental health. It is revealed that modern theory finds no identifiable personality profile, behavior, or family structure influencing large weight gain thus discounting psychopathology as the cause of obesity. Individual assessments for causes of obesity are…

  11. Contacts of cognitive psychology with social learning theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gordon H. Bower

    1978-01-01

    In this paper, I will try to reveal some of the orienting beliefs of cognitive psychology about the organization of the mind and mental skills, and then try to relate that to social learning theory, which is a popular orientation of behavior therapists. A problem here is that cognitive psychologists seldom try to think about how to put together a

  12. Integrating Social Class into Vocational Psychology: Theory and Practice Implications

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Diemer, Matthew A.; Ali, Saba Rasheed

    2009-01-01

    Although social class plays a salient and significant role in career development and occupational attainment, social class is underrepresented in vocational psychology theory, scholarship, and practice. Vocational psychologists are in a unique position to meet the career development needs of persons from all social classes by integrating a fuller…

  13. LIFESPAN PSYCHOLOGY: Theory and Application to Intellectual Functioning

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul B. Baltes; Ursula M. Staudinger; Ulman Lindenberger

    1999-01-01

    The focus of this review is on theory and research of lifespan (lifespan developmental) psychology. The theoretical analysis integrates evolutionary and ontogenetic perspectives on cultural and human development across several levels of analysis. Specific predictions are advanced dealing with the general architecture of lifespan ontogeny, including its directionality and age-differential allocation of developmental resources into the three major goals of

  14. Educational Psychology--Theory, Research, and Teaching: A 25-Year Retrospective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McInerney, Dennis M.

    2005-01-01

    This article presents a brief overview of developments in educational psychology over the last twenty-five years. It firstly presents an historical context by reviewing four basic emphases in educational psychology; cognitive psychology, behavioural psychology, social cognitive theory and humanism. The article then reviews the growth in cognitive…

  15. Autism: A Critical Review of Psychological Theories with Particular Reference to the Development of Social Understanding

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chris Marris

    1999-01-01

    This paper aims to review two basic sets of issues. Firstly, theorerical approaches to the origins, diagnosis and aetiology of autism will be considered together with a critical review of historical and current psychological theories. The second section of the review will consider the research and development of the psychological theories concerned with the dimension of cognition known as ‘Theory

  16. UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu A Mathematical Theory for Texture, Texton, Primal Sketch

    E-print Network

    Zhu, Song Chun

    UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu A Mathematical Theory for Texture, Texton, Primal Sketch Angeles Joint work with Y.Wu, C.Guo and D. Mumford, 1995-2003 UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu Julesz visual perception?" ---1960s #12;UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu Psychophysics Experiments Texture

  17. Vygotsky’s Theory of the Higher Psychological Processes: Some Criticisms

    Microsoft Academic Search

    R. Van der Veer; M. H. van IJzendoorn

    1985-01-01

    vygotsky’s cultural-historical theory is discussed, especially the distinction between lower and higher psychological processes. The distinction is criticized, based in part on discussions in Soviet psychology. In particular, it is shown that Vygotsky separated the lower and higher psychological processes too sharply, and that his conception of lower processes as ‘natural’ and ‘passive’ is false. The authors suggest that these

  18. An integrative mechanistic account of psychological distress, therapeutic change and recovery: the Perceptual Control Theory approach.

    PubMed

    Higginson, Sally; Mansell, Warren; Wood, Alex M

    2011-03-01

    The exact nature and mechanisms of psychological change within psychological disorders remain unknown. This review aims to use a psychological framework known as Perceptual Control Theory (Powers, 1973, 2005; Powers, Clark, & McFarland, 1960) to integrate the diverse literature within psychotherapy research. The core principles of Perceptual Control Theory are explained, and key domains of psychotherapy are considered to explore how well they converge with these principles. The quantitative and qualitative empirical literature on the process of psychological change is reviewed to examine how it fits with predictions based on Perceptual Control Theory. Furthermore, the prerequisites for psychological change; client qualities, therapist qualities, the therapeutic alliance and the shifting of awareness, are also considered to examine their consistency within a Perceptual Control Theory account. Finally the strengths and limitations of a Perceptual Control Theory account in explaining the mechanism of psychological change are considered. PMID:20171771

  19. Theory and Research on Practices, Theory and Research as Practices: Hermeneutics and Psychological Inquiry

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael A. Westerman

    2004-01-01

    What are the implications for theory and research in psychology of a hermeneutic perspective that takes practices as its starting point notion? The author addresses this wide-ranging issue by considering a number of specific questions in turn, including, among others, whether the hermeneutic perspective leads to rejecting systematic, quantitative research methods; whether it leads to the conclusion that efforts at

  20. Family-supportive work environments and psychological strain: a longitudinal test of two theories.

    PubMed

    Odle-Dusseau, Heather N; Herleman, Hailey A; Britt, Thomas W; Moore, Dewayne D; Castro, Carl A; McGurk, Dennis

    2013-01-01

    Based on the Job Demands-Resources (JDR) model (E. Demerouti, A. B. Bakker, F. Nachreiner, & W. B. Schaufeli, 2001, The job demands-resources model of burnout. Journal of Applied Psychology, 86, 499-512) and Conservation of Resources (COR) theory (S. E. Hobfoll, 2002, Social and psychological resources and adaptation. Review of General Psychology, 6, 307-324), we tested three competing models that predict different directions of causation for relationships over time between family-supportive work environments (FSWE) and psychological strain, with two waves of data from a military sample. Results revealed support for both the JDR and COR theories, first in the static model where FSWE at Time 1 predicted psychological strain at Time 2 and when testing the opposite direction, where psychological strain at Time 1 predicted FSWE at Time 2. For change models, FSWE predicted changes in psychological strain across time, although the reverse causation model was not supported (psychological strain at Time 1 did not predict changes in FSWE). Also, changes in FSWE across time predicted psychological strain at Time 2, whereas changes in psychological strain did not predict FSWE at Time 2. Theoretically, these results are important for the work-family interface in that they demonstrate the application of a systems approach to studying work and family interactions, as support was obtained for both the JDR model with perceptions of FSWE predicting psychological strain (in both the static and change models), and for COR theory where psychological strain predicts FSWE across time. PMID:23276196

  1. Assessing Coverage of Maslow's Theory in Educational Psychology Textbooks: A Content Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wininger, Steven R.; Norman, Antony D.

    2010-01-01

    Although Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory (HNT) is one of the most prevalent theories in psychology, the authors argued that it is also one of the most misinterpreted or misrepresented, particularly in educational psychology textbooks. Therefore, after carefully reading Maslow's writings on HNT they conducted a content analysis of 18 educational…

  2. Psychology and the social construction of sex differences in theories of aggression

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alan Petersen; Deirdre Davies

    1997-01-01

    A growing body of feminist work is concerned with examining how the development of social science theories has been influenced by assumptions about natural sex differences. This paper examines the impact of such assumptions on the construction of theories in the psychology of aggression. It is based on a survey and critical review of psychology books and major research articles

  3. Resurrecting the Motivation-Hygiene Theory: Herzberg and the Positive Psychology Movement

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel A. Sachau

    2007-01-01

    Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory is a popular but controversial theory of employee satisfaction. The theory was at the center of a long debate that focused on conceptual and methodological problems with the theory. Now, more than 30 years after the debate and despite multiple claims that Herzberg's theory is dead, emerging research from the field of positive psychology is surprisingly consistent

  4. Pathway to psychological change from the structural stability theory.

    PubMed

    Cerf, Roger

    2015-01-01

    We show that a path not yet considered exists in the parameter space of the cusp catastrophe that constitutes a 'target-trajectory,' along which psychological change may be achieved in a variety of situations by taking advantage of the protagonists' resistance. The parameters Pathogen - the pathogenic agent - and Therapy, or Dissent and Remedy, are used depending on whether the theory is applied to psychotherapy or conflict, respectively. This proposed target-trajectory offers: (a) conditions optimised in therapy with regard to the intrinsic limitations for the reduction of a patient's pathogenic agent, and in conflict with regard to the 'red-lines' of the protagonists, and (b) the benefit of a step of rapid decrease in the potential barrier to change. Questions raised concern the benefit that a patient may obtain from performing his cognitive task in psychotherapy with minimal requirement for the reduction of his pathogen, and the role that a step of rapid decrease in a potential barrier may play in decision-making, in particular when it comes to end a conflict. The argument is developed in detail for psychoanalytic resistance, relying on principles and procedures described in numerous texts of psychoanalysis. The theory deals with scaling laws - power laws - rather than strict equalities. PMID:25575557

  5. A deeper integration of Selfish Goal Theory and modern evolutionary psychology.

    PubMed

    Conroy-Beam, Daniel; Buss, David M

    2014-04-01

    Conceptually integrating Selfish Goal Theory with modern evolutionary psychology amplifies theoretical power. Inconsistency, a key principle of Selfish Goal Theory, illustrates this insight. Conflicting goals of seeking sexual variety and successful mate retention furnish one example. Siblings have evolved goals to cooperate and compete, a second example. Integrating Selfish Goal Theory with evolutionary theory can explain much inconsistent goal-directed behavior. PMID:24775126

  6. Why Community Works: The Use of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology as a Foundational Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glenn, Robert K.; Keith, Edwin M.

    2002-01-01

    Asserts that the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler should be used as a foundational theory for student affairs work. The success of community building programs is explained and the concepts of Individual Psychology are summarized. Also asserts that the current drive to develop programs to develop community on college campuses is firmly rooted…

  7. Theory and Research on `Race' as a Natural Kind Variable in Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Chuck Tate; Diego Audette

    2001-01-01

    This article examines a portion of the theory about and research on 'race' in the field of psychology. Specifically, we examine whether the construct of 'race' can be used efficaciously as a natural kind variable that explains data in psychological inquiry. The foregoing consideration involves an exploration of the so-called 'biological\\/genetic' bases of 'race' from the conceptual paradigms of (a)

  8. Toward a Large-scale Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology for Metacognition

    E-print Network

    Hobbs, Jerry R.

    Toward a Large-scale Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology for Metacognition Jerry R. Hobbs USC monitor and reflect on their own reasoning processes. A large-scale study of human strategic reasoning indicates that rich representational models of commonsense psychology are available to enable human

  9. Positive Psychology Theory, Research, and Practice: A Primer for Rehabilitation Counseling Professionals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chou, Chih-Chin; Chan, Fong; Chan, Jacob Yui Chung; Phillips, Brian; Ditchman, Nicole; Kaseroff, Ashley

    2013-01-01

    Positive psychology is a scientific study that explores what makes life most worth living and applies psychological theory to understand the human strengths that are important for enhancing overall well-being and happiness. The rehabilitation counseling philosophy shares a similar emphasis on personal strengths and the importance of enhancing what…

  10. Measuring Memory Reactivation with Functional MRI: Implications for Psychological Theory.

    PubMed

    Levy, Benjamin J; Wagner, Anthony D

    2013-01-01

    Environmental cues often remind us of earlier experiences, with cues triggering the reactivation of memories of events past. Recent evidence suggests that memory reactivation can be observed using functional MRI, and that distributed pattern analyses can even provide evidence of reactivation on individual trials. The ability to measure memory reactivation offers unique and powerful leverage on theoretical issues of long-standing interest in cognitive psychology, providing a means to address questions that have proven difficult to answer with behavioral data alone. Here we consider three instances. First, reactivation measures can indicate whether memory-based inferences (i.e., generalization) arise through the encoding of integrated cross-event representations or through the flexible expression of separable event memories. Second, online measures of memory reactivation may inform theories of forgetting by providing information about when competing memories are reactivated during competitive retrieval situations. Finally, neural reactivation may provide a window onto the role of replay in memory consolidation. The ability to track memory reactivation, including at the individual trial level, provides unique leverage that is not afforded by behavioral measures, and thus promises to shed light on such varied topics as generalization, integration, forgetting, and consolidation. PMID:25484909

  11. How Accurately Do Introductory Psychology Textbooks Present Psychoanalytic Theory?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Habarth, Janice; Hansell, James; Grove, Tyler

    2011-01-01

    Previous studies have raised concerns about the quality of the coverage of psychoanalytic content in undergraduate psychology textbooks. The authors investigated the accuracy and currency of psychoanalytic content in top-selling introductory psychology textbooks. Across the textbooks, 2% to 18% of the paragraphs with psychoanalytic content…

  12. Psychological Theory and Pedagogical Effectiveness: The Learning Promotion Potential Framework

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomlinson, Peter

    2008-01-01

    Background: After a century of educational psychology, eminent commentators are still lamenting problems besetting the appropriate relating of psychological insights to teaching design, a situation not helped by the persistence of crude assumptions concerning the nature of pedagogical effectiveness. Aims: To propose an analytical or…

  13. Theory of Mind and embedding ofperspective A psychological test of a literary ((sweet spot"

    E-print Network

    Theory of Mind and embedding ofperspective A psychological test of a literary ((sweet spot" D. H be a "sweet spot" that provides enough information about a character's motivation, but not a confusing over

  14. An evaluation of the prescriptive utility of psychological bias theory in international relations

    E-print Network

    Leung, Wilson (Wilson Wan Shun)

    2005-01-01

    I evaluate the practical utility of psychological bias theory by examining two historical cases - the US decision to cross the 38th parallel in 1950 and the British policy of appeasement towards Germany in the 1930s - ...

  15. Artifacts as psychological theories: the case of human-computer interaction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    JOHN M. CARROLL; ROBERT L. CAMPBELL

    1989-01-01

    We cast the psychology of human-computer interaction (HCI) in terms of task analysis and the invention of artifacts. We consider the implications of this for attempts to define HCI in terms of a priori conceptions of psychology. We suggest that artifacts can be considered theory-like in HCI, and observe that they do play a theory-like role in the field as

  16. Current issues and new directions in Psychology and Health: Theory, translation, and evidence-based practice

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Howard Leventhal; Tamara J. Musumeci; Richard J. Contrada

    2007-01-01

    Health psychology has at least two masters; cognitive behavioral theory and clinical and public health practice. We are expected to contribute to theory by creating new models and adding to existent models of human behavior, and to contribute to improvements in health outcomes for the public. In this brief note, we propose that translating concepts from practice into theory to

  17. Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

    2013-01-01

    Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

  18. Introduction to the Special Section on Theoretical Models and Conceptual Analyses Theory in Applied Psychology: Lessons (Re)Learned

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katherine J. Klein; Sheldon Zedeck

    2004-01-01

    The Journal of Applied Psychology's call for theoretical models and conceptual analyses brought a terrific response. The editors introduce the special section and comment on lessons learned, or perhaps re-learned, about developing and writing theory in applied psychology.

  19. The rise and decline of character: humoral psychology in ancient and early modern medical theory.

    PubMed

    Bos, Jacques

    2009-07-01

    Humoralism, the view that the human body is composed of a limited number of elementary fluids, is one of the most characteristic aspects of ancient medicine. The psychological dimension of humoral theory in the ancient world has thus far received a relatively small amount of scholarly attention. Medical psychology in the ancient world can only be correctly understood by relating it to psychological thought in other fields, such as ethics and rhetoric. The concept that ties these various domains together is character (êthos), which involves a view of human beings focused on clearly distinguishable psychological types that can be recognized on the basis of external signs. Psychological ideas based on humoral theory remained influential well into the early modern period. Yet, in 17th-century medicine and philosophy, humoral physiology and psychology started to lose ground to other theoretical perspectives on the mind and its relation to the body. This decline of humoralist medical psychology can be related to a broader reorientation of psychological thought in which the traditional concept of character lost its central position. Instead of the focus on types and stable character traits, a perspective emerged that was primarily concerned with individuality and transient passions. PMID:20213950

  20. Identity theory, functionalism and intentionality: three modes of psychological explanation used in psychiatry.

    PubMed

    Warme, G E

    1985-12-01

    It is argued that there are three modes of psychological explanation that are available and in wide use, but that the three are often unwittingly confounded. These are, identity theory, functionalism and intentionality. Identity theory explains by viewing psychological events as direct products of design, that is, manifestations of brain events. The stance of functionalism is to study psychological events and those past and current stimuli that evoke them. In other words, functionalism studies the way in which psychological events are programmed. Intentionality approaches psychic events as a product of both conscious and unconscious purposes, beliefs, wishes, reasons and meanings, and concludes that it is of considerable worth to treat persons as intentional systems. It is claimed that the demarcation between these explanatory modes is crucial in psychiatric, and especially psychotherapeutic practice and research. PMID:4084898

  1. The Psychological Behaviorism Theory of Pain and the Placebo: Its Principles and Results of Research Application

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Staats; H. Hekmat; A. Staats

    2006-01-01

    The psychological behaviorism theory of pain unifies biological, behavioral, and cognitive-behavioral theories of pain and facilitates development of a common vocabulary for pain research across disciplines. Pain investigation proceeds in seven interacting realms: basic biology, conditioned learning, language cognition, personality differences, pain behavior, the social environment, and emotions. Because pain is an emotional response, examining the bidirectional impact of emotion

  2. Research quality considerations for grounded theory research in sport & exercise psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mike Weed

    2009-01-01

    ObjectivesThe aims of this article are: to examine the application of grounded theory in sport and exercise psychology; to locate such applications within broader grounded theory methodological debates and; to support the future use and evolution of the method in the field.

  3. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 1, January, 2005. 2005 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 1, January, 2005. © 2005 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences. Dynamical Models of Happiness J. C. Sprott,1 University INTRODUCTION For many people, the pursuit of happiness is a dominant goal of life, and countless books have

  4. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 145-154. 2009 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences

    E-print Network

    Taylor, Richard

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 145-154. © 2009 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences The Museum of Unnatural Form: A Visual and Tactile Experience technology is revolutionizing the world of design, allowing intricate patterns to be created

  5. A Social-Psychological Grounded Theory of Teacher Stress and Burnout

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph J. Blase

    1982-01-01

    This article presents a social-psychological model of teacher stress and burnout which emphasizes the importance of teacher performance variables and cycles of teacher-student interactions that develop over time. The theoretical statements that serve as the basis of the framework proposed in this report have been extracted and refinedfrom the Teacher Performance-Motivation Theory (TP-M Theory), a data-based, grounded theory developed directlyfrom

  6. Advancing mental toughness research and theory using personal construct psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel F. Gucciardi; Sandy Gordon; James A. Dimmock

    2009-01-01

    This review is designed to advance current conceptualizations of mental toughness in sport as well as identify avenues for future research by offering a fresh perspective using Kelly's (1955\\/1991) personal construct psychology (PCP). After reviewing sport-general and sport-specific research contributing to current perspectives on mental toughness, we highlight the need for theoretically driven research in the area. Following this, we

  7. Cultural psychology of surprise: holistic theories and recognition of contradiction.

    PubMed

    Choi, I; Nisbett, R E

    2000-12-01

    The authors tested the hypothesis that East Asians, because of their holistic reasoning, take contradiction and inconsistency for granted and consequently are less likely than Americans to experience surprise. Studies 1 and 2 showed that Korean participants displayed less surprise and greater hindsight bias than American participants did when a target's behavior contradicted their expectations. Studies 3 and 4 further demonstrated that even when contradiction was created in highly explicit ways, Korean participants experienced little surprise, whereas American participants reported substantial surprise. We discuss the implications of these findings for various issues, including the psychology of conviction, cognitive dissonance, and the development of science. PMID:11138759

  8. Hume's psychology, contemporary learning theory, and the problem of knowledge amplification

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kelly G Wilson; William T O’Donohue; Steven C Hayes

    2001-01-01

    The problem of explaining the growth of knowledge has a long history among philosophers. David Hume rejected a logic of knowledge amplification and offered a psychological, rather than a logical, solution. Hume's naturalistic account can be made more powerful and precise by adopting the principles of contemporary learning theory. Until recently, however, a behavioral account of knowledge amplification could not

  9. Generative Learning Theory, Paradigm Shifts, and Constructivism in Educational Psychology: A Tribute to Merl Wittrock

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tobias, Sigmund

    2010-01-01

    This appreciation of Wittrock's contributions to educational psychology suggests that his 1974 article describing generative learning theory was remarkably prescient. In that article Wittrock set the stage for the subsequent paradigm shift from cognitive to constructivist approaches to instruction. Furthermore, his suggestion that schools were the…

  10. Chaper: A model for mind relations -An application of knot theory to psychology

    E-print Network

    Kawauchi, Akio

    Chaper: A model for mind relations - An application of knot theory to psychology Akio KAWAUCHI. G. Eysenck and P. T. Costa-R. R. McCrae, we construct a knot model of a human mind, called a mind knot in terms of 2-bridge knots so that the knot type of a mind knot gives the personality. A mind

  11. A Brief Review of Psychological Theories and Counseling Techniques for Outdoor Leaders.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bankie, Brett; And Others

    The paper is intended to provide resource information and an annotated bibliography on psychological theories and counseling techniques specifically written for outdoor educators, to stimulate research on the subject, and to stimulate outdoor leaders to make themselves aware of various options for solving interpersonal problems that might occur in…

  12. What would Karl Popper say? Are current psychological theories of ADHD falsifiable?

    PubMed Central

    Johnson, Katherine A; Wiersema, Jan R; Kuntsi, Jonna

    2009-01-01

    Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common and highly heritable neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorder. Here, we critically review four major psychological theories of ADHD – the Executive Dysfunction, the State Regulation, the Delay Aversion and the Dynamic Developmental – on their abilities to explain all the symptoms of ADHD, their testability and their openness to falsification. We conclude that theoreticians should focus, to a greater extent than currently practiced, on developing refutable theories of ADHD. PMID:19257888

  13. Common prescriptions for psychology derived from dialectical materialism and chaos theory.

    PubMed

    Gilgen, A R

    2000-04-01

    During the entire Soviet period (1917-1991), Russian psychologists labored to create a psychology which would be consonant with Marxist-Leninist assumptions derived from dialectical materialism. Some of their early prescriptions, in particular those put forward by Konstantin N. Kornilov in the 1920s and early 1930s, are identical to strategies being advanced by contemporary American psychologists who propose that chaos theory and nonlinear meta-modeling techniques in general, given advances in computer and television technologies, can be designed for research capable of dealing with the complexities, nonlinearities, self-organizational processes, and abrupt transformations characteristic of human psychological functioning. PMID:10840901

  14. Psychological and Ethical Implications of Causal Theories of Sexual Orientation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gonsiorek, John C.

    This paper discusses the importance and dangers of causal theories of sexual orientation, noting that, in recent years, the illness model of homosexuality has been thoroughly discredited and replaced with a variety of gay and lesbian affirmative constructs which explore the effects of a disparaging and hostile society on the development and…

  15. The cultural lens approach to evaluating cultural validity of psychological theory.

    PubMed

    Hardin, Erin E; Robitschek, Christine; Flores, Lisa Y; Navarro, Rachel L; Ashton, Matthew W

    2014-10-01

    In this article, we introduce the cultural lens approach (CLA), a novel approach to evaluating the extent to which a psychological theory applies across cultural groups. The CLA requires scholars to apply their accumulated knowledge about cultural influences and differences (e.g., independent and interdependent self-construals; Markus & Kitayama, 1991) to the ways in which theoretical propositions are interpreted and operationalized. First we highlight three limitations in existing approaches to cultural validity and the ways in which the CLA addresses these limitations. Next, we articulate the five steps involved in the CLA and apply it to three different theories from social, vocational, and positive psychology to demonstrate its broad utility. In all cases, we highlight how applying the CLA can generate multiple novel testable hypotheses to stimulate future research and to advance knowledge that is culturally sensitive. PMID:24841337

  16. Agent-based modeling: a new approach for theory building in social psychology.

    PubMed

    Smith, Eliot R; Conrey, Frederica R

    2007-02-01

    Most social and psychological phenomena occur not as the result of isolated decisions by individuals but rather as the result of repeated interactions between multiple individuals over time. Yet the theory-building and modeling techniques most commonly used in social psychology are less than ideal for understanding such dynamic and interactive processes. This article describes an alternative approach to theory building, agent-based modeling (ABM), which involves simulation of large numbers of autonomous agents that interact with each other and with a simulated environment and the observation of emergent patterns from their interactions. The authors believe that the ABM approach is better able than prevailing approaches in the field, variable-based modeling (VBM) techniques such as causal modeling, to capture types of complex, dynamic, interactive processes so important in the social world. The article elaborates several important contrasts between ABM and VBM and offers specific recommendations for learning more and applying the ABM approach. PMID:18453457

  17. Theory underlying CRM training: Psychological issues in flight crew performance and crew coordination

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Helmreich, Robert L.

    1987-01-01

    What psychological theory and research can reveal about training in Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is summarized. A framework is provided for the critical analysis of current approaches to CRM training. Background factors and definitions critical to evaluating CRM are reviewed, followed by a discussion of issues directly related to CRM training effectiveness. Some of the things not known about the optimization of crew performance and the research needed to make these efforts as effective as possible are described.

  18. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 15, No. 4, pp. 445-454. 2011 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences Chaos in Easter Island Ecology J. C. Sprott1 , Department dynamical model for the ecology of Easter Island admits periodic and chaotic attractors, not previously in such systems. Key Words: chaos, Easter Island, ecology, population dynamics INTRODUCTION The Easter Island

  19. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 16, No. 4, pp. 387-395.1 2012 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.2

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences.2 3 Spatiotemporal Chaos in Easter Island Ecology4 5 J. C proposed spatiotemporal8 model for the ecology of Easter Island admits periodic and chaotic attractors,9 that is ubiquitous in such12 systems.13 Key Words: chaos, Easter Island, ecology, population dynamics, Turing14

  20. Understanding psychological distress among mothers in rural Nepal: a qualitative grounded theory exploration

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background There is a large burden of psychological distress in low and middle-income countries, and culturally relevant interventions must be developed to address it. This requires an understanding of how distress is experienced. We conducted a qualitative grounded theory study to understand how mothers experience and manage distress in Dhanusha, a low-resource setting in rural Nepal. We also explored how distressed mothers interact with their families and the wider community. Methods Participants were identified during a cluster-randomised controlled trial in which mothers were screened for psychological distress using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). We conducted 22 semi-structured interviews with distressed mothers (GHQ-12 score ?5) and one with a traditional healer (dhami), as well as 12 focus group discussions with community members. Data were analysed using grounded theory methods and a model was developed to explain psychological distress in this setting. Results We found that distress was termed tension by participants and mainly described in terms of physical symptoms. Key perceived causes of distress were poor health, lack of sons, and fertility problems. Tension developed in a context of limited autonomy for women and perceived duty towards the family. Distressed mothers discussed several strategies to alleviate tension, including seeking treatment for perceived physical health problems and tension from doctors or dhamis, having repeated pregnancies until a son was delivered, manipulating social circumstances in the household, and deciding to accept their fate. Their ability to implement these strategies depended on whether they were able to negotiate with their in-laws or husbands for resources. Conclusions Vulnerability, as a consequence of gender and social disadvantage, manifests as psychological distress among mothers in Dhanusha. Screening tools incorporating physical symptoms of tension should be envisaged, along with interventions to address gender inequity, support marital relationships, and improve access to perinatal healthcare. PMID:24581309

  1. Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology

    E-print Network

    Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is concerned with both physical and psychological changes throughout life-- from conception until death. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching Program Developmental Psychology is a specialized major within Psychology that focuses on child

  2. Students' Personality Types, Intended Majors, and College Expectations: Further Evidence Concerning Psychological and Sociological Interpretations of Holland's Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pike, Gary R.

    2006-01-01

    Because it focuses on the interactions between students and their environments, Holland's theory of vocational choice provides a powerful framework for studying college experiences. The present study assessed the relative merits of psychological and sociological interpretations of Holland's theory by examining the relationships among students' …

  3. The Role of Positive Emotions in Positive Psychology: The Broaden-and-Build Theory of Positive Emotions

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara L. Fredrickson

    2001-01-01

    In this article, the author describes a new theoretical perspective on positive emotions and situates this new perspective within the emerging field of positive psychology. The broaden-and-build theory posits that experiences of positive emotions broaden people's momentary thought–action repertoires, which in turn serves to build their enduring personal resources, ranging from physical and intellectual resources to social and psychological resources.

  4. Psychology 340 Social Psychology

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    : Thursdays, 9:30am-10:45am, AL-201 Tuesday, online in the Wimba classroom through Blackboard Professor: Jean critically and evaluate psychological theories and research. 2. Grades will be calculated as follows: 20 period (Tuesday, May 17, 8:00am-10:00am), in our classroom. The tests will be multiple choice

  5. Big Data, Socio-Psychological Theory, Algorithmic Text Analysis and Predicting the Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index

    E-print Network

    Nyman, Rickard

    2014-01-01

    We describe an exercise of using Big Data to predict the Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index, a widely used indicator of the state of confidence in the US economy. We carry out the exercise from a pure ex ante perspective. We use the methodology of algorithmic text analysis of an archive of brokers' reports over the period June 2010 through June 2013. The search is directed by the social-psychological theory of agent behaviour, namely conviction narrative theory. We compare one month ahead forecasts generated this way over a 15 month period with the forecasts reported for the consensus predictions of Wall Street economists. The former give much more accurate predictions, getting the direction of change correct on 12 of the 15 occasions compared to only 7 for the consensus predictions. We show that the approach retains significant predictive power even over a four month ahead horizon.

  6. Psychology of religion: perspectives from cultural psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jacob A. Belzen

    2010-01-01

    After a brief introduction, this paper tries to establish what type of psychology the psychology of religion is. Having introduced cultural psychology in general, some theories applicable in research on religion are presented, and some examples of cultural psychological research of religious phenomena are discussed.

  7. Psychology Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elliot, James J.; Bates, Don L.

    This guide from the Seminole County School Board (Florida) outlines the curriculum for a psychology course offered to 11th and 12th grade students. Five units are covered in the course: (1) introduction; (2) the workings of the mind and body; (3) human development; (4) psychological theories; and (5) human relations. For each unit both county and…

  8. Psyche=singularity: A comparison of Carl Jung's transpersonal psychology and Leonard Susskind's holographic string theory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Desmond, Timothy

    In this dissertation I discern what Carl Jung calls the mandala image of the ultimate archetype of unity underlying and structuring cosmos and psyche by pointing out parallels between his transpersonal psychology and Stanford physicist Leonard Susskind's string theory. Despite his atheistic, materialistically reductionist interpretation of it, I demonstrate how Susskind's string theory of holographic information conservation at the event horizons of black holes, and the cosmic horizon of the universe, corroborates the following four topics about which Jung wrote: (1) his near-death experience of the cosmic horizon after a heart attack in 1944; ( 2) his equation relating psychic energy to mass, "Psyche=highest intensity in the smallest space" (1997, 162), which I translate into the equation, Psyche=Singularity; (3) his theory that the mandala, a circle or sphere with a central point, is the symbolic image of the ultimate archetype of unity through the union of opposites, which structures both cosmos and psyche, and which rises spontaneously from the collective unconscious to compensate a conscious mind torn by irreconcilable demands (1989, 334-335, 396-397); and (4) his theory of synchronicity. I argue that Susskind's inside-out black hole model of our Big Bang universe forms a geometrically perfect mandala: a central Singularity encompassed by a two-dimensional sphere which serves as a universal memory bank. Moreover, in precise fulfillment of Jung's theory, Susskind used that mandala to reconcile the notoriously incommensurable paradigms of general relativity and quantum mechanics, providing in the process a mathematically plausible explanation for Jung's near-death experience of his past, present, and future life simultaneously at the cosmic horizon. Finally, Susskind's theory also provides a plausible cosmological model to explain Jung's theory of synchronicity--meaningful coincidences may be tied together by strings at the cosmic horizon, from which they radiate inward as the holographic "movie" of our three-dimensional world.

  9. Spontaneous trait inference and construal level theory: Psychological distance increases nonconscious trait thinking

    PubMed Central

    Rim, SoYon; Uleman, James S.; Trope, Yaacov

    2011-01-01

    Can psychological distance affect how much perceivers form spontaneous trait inferences (STI) from others’ behaviors? On the basis of construal level theory (CLT) which posits that distant (vs. near) entities are represented more in terms of their abstract, global, and decontextualized features, we predicted that perceived distance would increase the tendency for perceivers to draw spontaneous trait inferences from behavioral information about actors. In two experiments, participants learned about people who were perceived as being distant or proximal to the self, and STI formation was subsequently assessed. We found that perceivers were more likely to form STIs about distant vs. near actors from the same behavioral information. These findings generalized across two distance dimensions: space and time. In addition, we found that priming individuals to adopt a high-level (vs. low-level) construal mindset also resulted in increased STI (Experiment 3). In sum, psychological distance facilitates STI formation, and this occurs via high-level construal of actors and their behaviors. PMID:21822331

  10. An Examination of the Interpersonal Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior in Physicians.

    PubMed

    Fink-Miller, Erin L

    2015-08-01

    Physicians are commonly reported to die by suicide more frequently than individuals in the general population. Thus far, few reasons for this elevated suicide risk have been empirically investigated. Although the interpersonal psychological theory of suicidal behavior (IPTS) has been suggested as a fruitful means of explaining physician suicidality, it has yet to be examined quantitatively. Four hundred nineteen Pennsylvania physicians were assessed on a number of demographics, as well as all components of the IPTS. Findings indicated that physician scores on IPTS components are comparable to other groups displaying increased suicidality (e.g., military populations, prior attempters). Perceived burdensomeness was a significant predictor of suicidal ideation, while thwarted belongingness predicted prior suicide attempts. Acquired capability did not distinguish between prior attempters and nonattempters. Preliminary findings indicate the IPTS may be a useful framework for understanding and predicting physician suicidality. PMID:25530088

  11. The Disillusionment of Students Denied Admission to a Preferred Major Viewed from the Perspective of a Psychological Theory of Alienation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barber, Clifton E.

    2014-01-01

    Why students respond differently when they are denied admission to a preferred academic major may be explained using a psychological theory of alienation. Using this theoretical perspective, three trajectories producing feelings of alienation are presented. The most intense of these trajectories, the process of disillusionment, is examined using a…

  12. What Sources Contribute to Variance in Observer Ratings? Using Generalizability Theory to Assess Construct Validity of Psychological Measures

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lakes, Kimberley D.; Hoyt, William T.

    2008-01-01

    Cronbach and Meehl ("Psychol. Bull." 1955; 52:281-302) stated that the key question to be addressed when assessing construct validity is "What sources contribute to variance in test performance?" We illustrate the utility of generalizability theory (GT) as a conceptual framework that encourages psychological researchers to address this question…

  13. Improving grounded theory research in sport and exercise psychology: Further reflections as a response to Mike Weed

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nicholas L. Holt; Katherine A. Tamminen

    2010-01-01

    ObjectiveThe purposes of this paper were to respond to and expand upon Weed's (2009) critique of the use of grounded theory methodology in sport and exercise psychology. Our objectives were to clarify and correct some issues and suggest solutions to the valid problems identified.

  14. Applying Social Cognitive Career Theory to Predict Interests and Choice Goals in Statistics among Spanish Psychology Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blanco, Angeles

    2011-01-01

    This study investigated the usefulness of social cognitive career theory--SCCT (Lent, Brown, and Hackett, 1994) in predicting interests and goals relating to statistics among psychology students. The participants were 1036 Spanish students who completed measurements of statistics-related mastery experiences, self-efficacy, outcome expectations,…

  15. Putting Theory of Mind in Its Place: Psychological Explanations of the Socio-Emotional-Communicative Impairments in Autistic Spectrum Disorder

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boucher, Jill

    2012-01-01

    In this review, the history of the theory of mind (ToM) theory of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is outlined (in which ToM is indexed by success on false belief tasks), and the explanatory power and psychological causes of impaired ToM in ASD are critically discussed. It is concluded that impaired ToM by itself has only limited explanatory…

  16. The Effect of Perspective on Misconceptions in Psychology: A Test of Conceptual Change Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Amsel, Eric; Johnston, Adam; Alvarado, Elly; Kettering, Jack; Rankin, Lauren; Ward, Melissa

    2009-01-01

    To test whether students' knowledge about psychology undergoes a conceptual change when learning about the discipline, 227 Introductory Psychology students from six different classes were given the Psychology as a Science (PAS) Scale in one of two conditions. Students were randomly assigned to complete the questionnaire from their own (Self…

  17. A prospective examination of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior among psychiatric adolescent inpatients.

    PubMed

    Czyz, Ewa K; Berona, Johnny; King, Cheryl A

    2015-04-01

    The challenge of identifying suicide risk in adolescents, and particularly among high-risk subgroups such as adolescent inpatients, calls for further study of models of suicidal behavior that could meaningfully aid in the prediction of risk. This study examined how well the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior (IPTS)--with its constructs of thwarted belongingness (TB), perceived burdensomeness (PB), and an acquired capability (AC) for lethal self-injury--predicts suicide attempts among adolescents (N = 376) 3 and 12 months after hospitalization. The three-way interaction between PB, TB, and AC, defined as a history of multiple suicide attempts, was not significant. However, there were significant 2-way interaction effects, which varied by sex: girls with low AC and increasing TB, and boys with high AC and increasing PB, were more likely to attempt suicide at 3 months. Only high AC predicted 12-month attempts. Results suggest gender-specific associations between theory components and attempts. The time-limited effects of these associations point to TB and PB being dynamic and modifiable in high-risk populations, whereas the effects of AC are more lasting. The study also fills an important gap in existing research by examining IPTS prospectively. PMID:25263410

  18. An exploratory assessment of theory of mind and psychological impairment in patients with bulimia nervosa.

    PubMed

    Laghi, Fiorenzo; Cotugno, Armando; Cecere, Francesco; Sirolli, Arianna; Palazzoni, David; Bosco, Francesca M

    2014-11-01

    This study aimed to investigate psychosocial functioning and different dimensions of theory of mind (ToM) in people with bulimia nervosa (BN) and Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified-BN type (EDNOS-BN). Psychosocial functioning and ToM were assessed in a sample of young adult females, 16 BN and 16 EDNOS-BN outpatients and 16 healthy controls (HCs). They were assessed using the Eating Disorder Inventory-Symptom Checklist-2 (EDI-2 SC) for evaluating psychological traits associated with eating disorders; the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) for evaluating psychopathological status; and the Theory of Mind Assessment Scale (Th.o.m.a.s.), a semi-structured interview aimed at assessing a person's different dimensions of ToM. The BN and EDNOS-BN groups exhibited worse performance than the control group on all dimensions of the SCL-90-R, and on all dimensions of the EDI-2 SC. The only difference for perfectionism was that BN obtained higher scores than EDNOS-BN group. Our results also revealed an impairment of third-person and second-order ToM in patients with bulimia (BN and EDNOS-BN) with respect to control subjects. These preliminary data have important implications for future empirical work, in that they provide valuable information regarding the importance of investigating the various facets of ToM ability separately, in order to provide a more detailed profile of ToM functioning in the clinical samples. PMID:24117350

  19. Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology

    E-print Network

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY May, 2012 The program area of Educational Psychology offers

  20. Estimation of psychological stress in humans: a combination of theory and practice.

    PubMed

    Sood, Parul; Priyadarshini, Sushri; Aich, Palok

    2013-01-01

    Stress has long been known to increase susceptibility to health disorders. In 2009, American Psychological Association further established association of stress to serious health problems. However, a quantitative and accurate way to evaluate and estimate stress status of individuals is still a big challenge. It has been shown, in large animal models using cattle, that psychological stress can be quantified as well as disease susceptibility could be predicted through biomarker discovery. Taking cue from those studies, we have evaluated and estimated psychological stress level of individuals theoretically and validated experimentally. Various biomarkers have also been identified which can be associated to psychological stress to predict stress status of unknown individuals. PMID:23690978

  1. Understanding Bhutanese refugee suicide through the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior.

    PubMed

    Ellis, B Heidi; Lankau, Emily W; Ao, Trong; Benson, Molly A; Miller, Alisa B; Shetty, Sharmila; Lopes Cardozo, Barbara; Geltman, Paul L; Cochran, Jennifer

    2015-01-01

    Attention has been drawn to high rates of suicide among refugees after resettlement and in particular among the Bhutanese refugees. This study sought to understand the apparent high rates of suicide among resettled Bhutanese refugees in the context of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior (IPTS). Expanding on a larger investigation of suicide in a randomly selected sample of Bhutanese men and women resettled in Arizona, Georgia, New York, and Texas (Ao et al., 2012), the current study focused on 2 factors, thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness, examined individual and postmigration variables associated with these factors, and explored how they differed by gender. Overall, factors such as poor health were associated with perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. For men, stressors related to employment and providing for their families were related to feeling burdensome and/or alienated from family and friends, whereas for women, stressors such as illiteracy, family conflict, and being separated from family members were more associated. IPTS holds promise in understanding suicide in the resettled Bhutanese community. PMID:25642653

  2. A quality debate on grounded theory in sport and exercise psychology? A commentary on potential areas for future debate

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mike Weed

    2010-01-01

    ObjectivesThe objective of this commentary on my own (Weed, 2009a) and Holt and Tamminen’s (2010) recent contributions on the use of grounded theory in sport and exercise psychology is to identify those areas in which there is debate, and those where there is agreement, and to suggest the key areas on which future debate might most productively and usefully focus.

  3. Roles for Software Technologies in Advancing Research and Theory in Educational Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadwin, Allyson F.; Winne, Philip H.; Nesbit, John C.

    2005-01-01

    While reviews abound on theoretical topics in educational psychology, it is rare that we examine our field's instrumentation development, and what effects this has on educational psychology's evolution. To repair this gap, this paper investigates and reveals the implications of software technologies for researching and theorizing about core issues…

  4. Vygotsky's Stage Theory: The Psychology of Art and the Actor under the Direction of "Perezhivanie"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smagorinsky, Peter

    2011-01-01

    This article reviews Vygotsky's writings on arts (particularly logocentric art including the theater) and emotions, drawing on his initial exploration in "The Psychology of Art" and his final considerations set forth in a set of essays, treatises, and lectures produced in the last years of his life. The review of "The Psychology of Art" includes…

  5. Positive Art Therapy: Linking Positive Psychology to Art Therapy Theory, Practice, and Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilkinson, Rebecca A.; Chilton, Gioia

    2013-01-01

    As a growing movement in the larger field of mental health, positive psychology has much to offer the art therapy profession, which in turn is uniquely poised to contribute to the study of optimal functioning. This article discusses the relationship of positive psychology to art therapy and its capacity to mobilize client strengths, to induce…

  6. Psychological Theory as Intergroup Perspective: A Comparative Analysis of “Scientific” and “Lay” Accounts of Crowd Events

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Reicher; Jonathan Potter

    1985-01-01

    The central argument of this paper is that the popular success of crowd psychology is in part due to its correspondence with the perspective of outgroup members. This is supported by a comparative analysis of traditional crowd psychology and lay accounts of crowd events drawn from street disturbances in St. Pauls, Bristol, in 1980. Five basic types of error are

  7. Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    1 Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280 1st Summer Session 2013 May 13June 27, 2013 Tuesday" Kalibatseva, M.A. Office: 127B Psychology Building Email: kalibats@msu.edu Phone Psychology PhD program at Michigan State University. I completed my bachelor's dual degree in psychology

  8. Analysis of cognitive theories in artificial intelligence and psychology in relation to the qualitative process of emotion

    SciTech Connect

    Semrau, P.

    1987-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to analyze selected cognitive theories in the areas of artificial intelligence (A.I.) and psychology to determine the role of emotions in the cognitive or intellectual processes. Understanding the relationship of emotions to processes of intelligence has implications for constructing theories of aesthetic response and A.I. systems in art. Psychological theories were examined that demonstrated the changing nature of the research in emotion related to cognition. The basic techniques in A.I. were reviewed and the A.I. research was analyzed to determine the process of cognition and the role of emotion. The A.I. research emphasized the digital, quantifiable character of the computer and associated cognitive models and programs. In conclusion, the cognitive-emotive research in psychology and the cognitive research in A.I. emphasized quantification methods over analog and qualitative characteristics required for a holistic explanation of cognition. Further A.I. research needs to examine the qualitative aspects of values, attitudes, and beliefs on influencing the creative thinking processes. Inclusion of research related to qualitative problem solving in art provides a more comprehensive base of study for examining the area of intelligence in computers.

  9. Using psychological theory to inform methods to optimize the implementation of a hand hygiene intervention

    PubMed Central

    2012-01-01

    Background Careful hand hygiene (HH) is the single most important factor in preventing the transmission of infections to patients, but compliance is difficult to achieve and maintain. A lack of understanding of the processes involved in changing staff behaviour may contribute to the failure to achieve success. The purpose of this study was to identify nurses’ and administrators’ perceived barriers and facilitators to current HH practices and the implementation of a new electronic monitoring technology for HH. Methods Ten key informant interviews (three administrators and seven nurses) were conducted to explore barriers and facilitators related to HH and the impact of the new technology on outcomes. The semi structured interviews were based on the Theoretical Domains Framework by Michie et al. and conducted prior to intervention implementation. Data were explored using an inductive qualitative analysis approach. Data between administrators and nurses were compared. Results In 9 of the 12 domains, nurses and administrators differed in their responses. Administrators believed that nurses have insufficient knowledge and skills to perform HH, whereas the nurses were confident they had the required knowledge and skills. Nurses focused on immediate consequences, whereas administrators highlighted long-term outcomes of the system. Nurses concentrated foremost on their personal safety and their families’ safety as a source of motivation to perform HH, whereas administrators identified professional commitment, incentives, and goal setting. Administrators stated that the staff do not have the decision processes in place to judge whether HH is necessary or not. They also highlighted the positive aspects of teams as a social influence, whereas nurses were not interested in group conformity or being compared to others. Nurses described the importance of individual feedback and self-monitoring in order to increase their performance, whereas administrators reported different views. Conclusions This study highlights the benefits of using a structured approach based on psychological theory to inform an implementation plan for a behavior change intervention. This work is an essential step towards systematically identifying factors affecting nurses’ behaviour associated with HH. PMID:22929925

  10. A Contemporary Story of School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Annan, Jean; Priestley, Anna

    2012-01-01

    A review of recent school psychology publications was conducted to discover the espoused theory of contemporary school psychology, as distinct from school psychology practice. We considered that identification of the espoused theory of school psychology, the story of school psychology, would support professional reflection and the identification…

  11. Gray, W. D. (1997). A view of schema theory. [Review of the book: Schemas in problem solving.] Contemporary Psychology, 42(2), 158-159. Page 1

    E-print Network

    Gray, Wayne

    1997-01-01

    Gray, W. D. (1997). A view of schema theory. [Review of the book: Schemas in problem solving.] Contemporary Psychology, 42(2), 158-159. Page 1 Title: A view of schema theory Author: Sandra P. Marshall.95 hardback. Review by Wayne D. Gray Sandra P. Marshall has written a solid and interesting book, but one

  12. "The casual cruelty of our prejudices": on Walter Lippmann's theory of stereotype and its "obliteration" in psychology and social science.

    PubMed

    Bottom, William P; Kong, Dejun Tony

    2012-01-01

    Reflecting on his wartime government service, Walter Lippmann (1922) developed a theory of policy formulation and error. Introducing the constructs of stereotype, mental model, blind spots, and the process of manufacturing consent, his theory prescribed interdisciplinary social science as a tool for enhancing policy making in business and government. Lippmann used his influence with the Rockefeller foundations, business leaders, Harvard and the University of Chicago to gain support for this program. Citation analysis of references to "stereotype" and Lippmann reveals the rapid spread of the concept across the social sciences and in public discourse paralleled by obliteration by incorporation of the wider theory in behavioral science. "Stereotype" is increasingly invoked in anthropology, economics, and sociology though Lippmann and his wider theory ceased being cited decades ago. In psychology, citations are increasing but content analysis revealed blind spots and misconceptions about the theory and prescription. Studies of heuristics, biases, and organizational decision substantiate Lippmann's theory of judgment and choice. But his model for social science failed to consider the bounded rationality and blind spots of its practitioners. Policy formulation today is supported by research from narrow disciplinary silos not interdisciplinary science that reflects an awareness of history. PMID:22936385

  13. “What about building 7?” A social psychological study of online discussion of 9/11 conspiracy theories

    PubMed Central

    Wood, Michael J.; Douglas, Karen M.

    2013-01-01

    Recent research into the psychology of conspiracy belief has highlighted the importance of belief systems in the acceptance or rejection of conspiracy theories. We examined a large sample of conspiracist (pro-conspiracy-theory) and conventionalist (anti-conspiracy-theory) comments on news websites in order to investigate the relative importance of promoting alternative explanations vs. rejecting conventional explanations for events. In accordance with our hypotheses, we found that conspiracist commenters were more likely to argue against the opposing interpretation and less likely to argue in favor of their own interpretation, while the opposite was true of conventionalist commenters. However, conspiracist comments were more likely to explicitly put forward an account than conventionalist comments were. In addition, conspiracists were more likely to express mistrust and made more positive and fewer negative references to other conspiracy theories. The data also indicate that conspiracists were largely unwilling to apply the “conspiracy theory” label to their own beliefs and objected when others did so, lending support to the long-held suggestion that conspiracy belief carries a social stigma. Finally, conventionalist arguments tended to have a more hostile tone. These tendencies in persuasive communication can be understood as a reflection of an underlying conspiracist worldview in which the details of individual conspiracy theories are less important than a generalized rejection of official explanations. PMID:23847577

  14. "What about building 7?" A social psychological study of online discussion of 9/11 conspiracy theories.

    PubMed

    Wood, Michael J; Douglas, Karen M

    2013-01-01

    Recent research into the psychology of conspiracy belief has highlighted the importance of belief systems in the acceptance or rejection of conspiracy theories. We examined a large sample of conspiracist (pro-conspiracy-theory) and conventionalist (anti-conspiracy-theory) comments on news websites in order to investigate the relative importance of promoting alternative explanations vs. rejecting conventional explanations for events. In accordance with our hypotheses, we found that conspiracist commenters were more likely to argue against the opposing interpretation and less likely to argue in favor of their own interpretation, while the opposite was true of conventionalist commenters. However, conspiracist comments were more likely to explicitly put forward an account than conventionalist comments were. In addition, conspiracists were more likely to express mistrust and made more positive and fewer negative references to other conspiracy theories. The data also indicate that conspiracists were largely unwilling to apply the "conspiracy theory" label to their own beliefs and objected when others did so, lending support to the long-held suggestion that conspiracy belief carries a social stigma. Finally, conventionalist arguments tended to have a more hostile tone. These tendencies in persuasive communication can be understood as a reflection of an underlying conspiracist worldview in which the details of individual conspiracy theories are less important than a generalized rejection of official explanations. PMID:23847577

  15. The Bindingness of Social and Psychological Contracts: Toward a Theory of Social Responsibility in Downsizing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harry J. Van Buren

    2000-01-01

    Downsizing has become a significant public issue that has not yet been significantly studied by business ethicists. It is proposed that reasonable social and psychological contracts bound the moral free space of managers contemplating downsizing; the degree of constraint is also dependent on the organization's resource munificence. A framework for considering the extent of managerial moral free space and implications

  16. Multiracial Self-Identification and Adolescent Outcomes: A Social Psychological Approach to the Marginal Man Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Simon; Lively, Kathryn J.

    2009-01-01

    Recent public health research has consistently reported that self-identified multiracial adolescents tend to display more problem behaviors and psychological difficulties than monoracial adolescents. Relying on insights from qualitative analyses using small or clinical samples to interpret these empirical patterns, these studies implicitly assume…

  17. Clinical Supervision and Psychological Functions: A New Direction for Theory and Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pajak, Edward

    2002-01-01

    Relates Carl Jung's concept of psychological functions to four families of clinical supervision: the original clinical models, the humanistic/artistic models, the technical/didactic models, and the developmental/reflective models. Differences among clinical supervision models within these families are clarified as representing "communication…

  18. Anti-homosexual prejudice . . . as opposed to what? Queer theory and the social psychology of anti-homosexual attitudes.

    PubMed

    Hegarty, Peter; Massey, Sean

    2006-01-01

    This article uses Sedgwick's distinction between minoritizing and universalizing theories of sexuality to analyze variability in social psychologists' studies of anti-homosexual prejudice, focusing on studies of attitudes. Anti-homosexual prejudice was initially defined in conversation with gay liberationists and presumed, among other things, that fear of homoerotic potential was present in all persons. Later social psychologists theorized anti-homosexual prejudice in strict minoritizing terms: as prejudice towards a distinct out-group. In the first section of this paper we discuss corresponding shifts in the conceptualization of anti-homosexual attitudes. Next, using a universalizing framework, we re-interpret experiments on behavioral aspects of anti-homosexual attitudes which were originally conceptualized using a minoritizing framework, and suggest avenues for future research. Finally, we examine how queer theory might enrich this area of social psychological inquiry by challenging assumptions about the politics of doing scientific work and the utility of identity-based sexual politics. PMID:17287186

  19. Psychology in Action: Psychology in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsiao, Sigmund

    1977-01-01

    "Psychologists in the People's Republic of China are engaged in research concerning theory, Chinese language, child development, vision, audition, and areas of physiological psychology including acupuncture, pain, memory, and central nervous system functioning. The Institute of Psychology within the Chinese Academy of Sciences represents the…

  20. Money Buys Financial Security and Psychological Need Satisfaction: Testing Need Theory in Affluence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell, Ryan T.; Kurai, Mark; Tam, Leona

    2013-01-01

    The most prominent theory to explain the curvilinear relationship between income and subjective well-being (SWB) is need theory, which proposes that increased income and wealth can lead to increased well-being in poverty because money is used to satisfy basic physiological needs. The present study tests the tenets of need theory by proposing that…

  1. Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 271-278. 2009 Society for Chaos Theory in Psychology & Life Sciences

    E-print Network

    Sprott, Julien Clinton

    Nonlinear Dynamics, Psychology, and Life Sciences, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp. 271-278. © 2009 Society, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706. E-mail: sprott@physics.wisc.edu 271 bzxyz yrxxzy xyx

  2. Making good theory practical: five lessons for an Applied Social Identity Approach to challenges of organizational, health, and clinical psychology.

    PubMed

    Haslam, S Alexander

    2014-03-01

    Social identity research was pioneered as a distinctive theoretical approach to the analysis of intergroup relations but over the last two decades it has increasingly been used to shed light on applied issues. One early application of insights from social identity and self-categorization theories was to the organizational domain (with a particular focus on leadership), but more recently there has been a surge of interest in applications to the realm of health and clinical topics. This article charts the development of this Applied Social Identity Approach, and abstracts five core lessons from the research that has taken this forward. (1) Groups and social identities matter because they have a critical role to play in organizational and health outcomes. (2) Self-categorizations matter because it is people's self-understandings in a given context that shape their psychology and behaviour. (3) The power of groups is unlocked by working with social identities not across or against them. (4) Social identities need to be made to matter in deed not just in word. (5) Psychological intervention is always political because it always involves some form of social identity management. Programmes that seek to incorporate these principles are reviewed and important challenges and opportunities for the future are identified. PMID:24627990

  3. Ethnic-Racial Stigma and Health Disparities: From Psychological Theory and Evidence to Public Policy Solutions

    PubMed Central

    Rivera, Luis M.

    2014-01-01

    The presence of diverse ethnic-racial groups in the United States today is a source of national pride. However, this cultural sentiment is overshadowed by the reality that those ethnic-racial groups that are stigmatized carry a disproportionate burden of negative physical health outcomes. These systematic differences are referred to as health disparities. Although this phenomenon is fairly well documented, relatively little is understood about the social contexts and the psychological processes they activate that contribute to poor health. More importantly, to demonstrate the processes underlying health disparities does not single-handedly address the issue of social injustice in the health of disadvantaged people. Scientists must assume the burden of facilitating the translation of their laboratory and community-based research to public policy recommendations. This volume of the Journal of Social Issues brings together social, developmental, cognitive, and clinical psychological research on the physical health of ethnic-racial stigmatized individuals in the United States. Each contribution explicitly discusses the implications of research for public health policy. PMID:25530632

  4. Applied Systemic Theory and Educational Psychology: Can the Twain Ever Meet?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pellegrini, Dario W.

    2009-01-01

    This article reflects on the potential benefits of applying systemic theory to the work of educational psychologists (EPs). It reviews developments in systemic thinking over time, and discusses the differences between more directive "first order" versus collaborative "second order" approaches. It considers systemic theories and illustrates their…

  5. Self-complexity and Self-integration: Theory and Therapy in Clinical-Developmental Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noam, Gil G.

    1988-01-01

    Proposes a new theory of self, based on the principles defined by Lawrence Kohlberg in his theory of moral development. The model sets forth self complexity (schemata) and biography (themata) as dimensions of self. Describes normal and atypical development arising from interaction of these components and assesses implications for practice. (KO)

  6. How Cultural Evolutionary Theory Can Inform Social Psychology and Vice Versa

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mesoudi, Alex

    2009-01-01

    Cultural evolutionary theory is an interdisciplinary field in which human culture is viewed as a Darwinian process of variation, competition, and inheritance, and the tools, methods, and theories developed by evolutionary biologists to study genetic evolution are adapted to study cultural change. It is argued here that an integration of the…

  7. Psychological Plausibility of the Theory of Probabilistic Mental Models and the Fast and Frugal Heuristics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dougherty, Michael R.; Franco-Watkins, Ana M.; Thomas, Rick

    2008-01-01

    The theory of probabilistic mental models (PMM; G. Gigerenzer, U. Hoffrage, & H. Kleinbolting, 1991) has had a major influence on the field of judgment and decision making, with the most recent important modifications to PMM theory being the identification of several fast and frugal heuristics (G. Gigerenzer & D. G. Goldstein, 1996). These…

  8. The Use of Gain or Loss-Frame Messages and Efficacy Appeals to Dissuade Excessive Alcohol Consumption Among College Students: A Test of Psychological Reactance Theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brian L. Quick; Benjamin R. Bates

    2010-01-01

    The present study applies psychological reactance theory (PRT) to examine the effectiveness of a 2 (frame: gain, loss) × 2 (efficacy: present, not present) experiment to determine best practices in dissuading excessive alcohol consumption among college students. Results from the structural model revealed no association between a perceived threat to choose and message frame or efficacy appeals. As anticipated, a perceived threat

  9. Multidisciplinary Assessment and Treatment of Self-Injurious Behavior in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability: Integration of Psychological and Biological Theory and Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Minshawi, Noha F.; Hurwitz, Sarah; Morriss, Danielle; McDougle, Christopher J.

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this review is to consider the psychological (largely behavioral) and biological [neurochemical, medical (including genetic), and pharmacological] theories and approaches that contribute to current thinking about the etiology and treatment of self-injurious behavior (SIB) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder and/or…

  10. Cognitive Psychology Meets Psychometric Theory: On the Relation between Process Models for Decision Making and Latent Variable Models for Individual Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van der Maas, Han L. J.; Molenaar, Dylan; Maris, Gunter; Kievit, Rogier A.; Borsboom, Denny

    2011-01-01

    This article analyzes latent variable models from a cognitive psychology perspective. We start by discussing work by Tuerlinckx and De Boeck (2005), who proved that a diffusion model for 2-choice response processes entails a 2-parameter logistic item response theory (IRT) model for individual differences in the response data. Following this line…

  11. 1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Offered through the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences' social and behavioral sciences discipline, the professional psychology program teaches students that combines extensive practical experience with classes on scientific foundations of psychology taught

  12. Social psychology, terrorism, and identity: a preliminary re-examination of theory, culture, self, and society.

    PubMed

    Arena, Michael P; Arrigo, Bruce A

    2005-01-01

    This article relies upon structural symbolic interactionism and five of its organizing concepts (i.e. symbols, the definition of the situation, roles, socialization and role-taking, and the self) to put forth a novel conceptual framework for understanding the terrorist identity. In order to demonstrate the practical utility of the framework, applications to various terrorist groups around the globe are incorporated into the analysis. Overall, both the theoretical and application work help reorient the academic and practitioner behavioral science communities to the importance of culture, self, and society when investigating one's membership in and identity through militant extremist organizations. Given the unique approach taken by this article, several provisional implications are delineated. In particular, future research on terrorism, strategies linked to counter-terrorism, legal and public policy reform, and the relevance of utilizing a sociologically animated social psychology in the assessment of other forms of criminal behavior are all very tentatively explored. PMID:16094631

  13. Psychology Without Caucasians

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Thomas Teo

    2009-01-01

    Based on historical, theoretical, and empirical reflections, it is argued that the Caucasian theory and term are obsolete in psychology. Discussing the historical origins of the term in Johann Friedrich Blumenbach’s writings and the key elements to his theory, it is shown that his theory has found no corroboration and has been falsified through scientific research. Discussing current theories of

  14. The Psychology of Communication or a Communicative Theory of Psychology? Reclaiming "Communication" as the Central Mode of Explanation for Communication Studies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Radford, Gary P.

    This paper proposes a view of the communication/cognitive psychology relationship which attempts to reclaim the concept of "communication" as being fundamental to the understanding of communication phenomena and thus to the discipline of communication studies. This view is presented in the paper as an alternative to a view which conceptualizes…

  15. Psychological Development: Becoming a Person.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reeves, Patricia M.

    1999-01-01

    Explains classic theories of adult development (stage/phase and life events and transitions) as well as newer theories (women's psychological development, Kegan's theory of consciousness). Presents implications for adult learning. (SK)

  16. Integrating the interpersonal psychological theory of suicide into the depression/suicidal ideation relationship: a short-term prospective study.

    PubMed

    Kleiman, Evan M; Liu, Richard T; Riskind, John H

    2014-03-01

    We examined the hypothesis that depressive symptoms are associated with increased beliefs about perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness identified in the interpersonal psychological theory of suicide and that these beliefs are associated with changes in suicidal ideation. Participants with clinical levels of depressive symptoms (n=299) were selected from a larger group (n=508) and completed measures of depressive symptoms, perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness, and suicidal ideation twice over a period of 2 months. Results of a structural equation model found that depressive symptoms were associated with increases in burdensomeness and lack of belonging, which were associated with suicidal ideation. Moreover, this hypothesized integrated model demonstrated a significantly better fit than an alternative model that assumed burdensomeness and lack of belonging were associated with changes in depressive symptoms, which were associated with suicidal ideation. Our findings suggest that the well-established relationship between depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation is associated with changes in beliefs that one is a burden on others and lacks belonging. More generally, these results suggest that it may be fruitful to integrate theories of suicide risk to form a comprehensive model that can inform future research and clinical interventions. PMID:24491196

  17. Language and Psychological Development.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gleason, Jean Berko

    Input language may have an effect on child development that goes far beyond language development alone. Language is the medium by which children acquire at least a portion of their sex role and social class or group characteristics, world view, and emotional and psychological well-being. Existing theories of psychological development ignore…

  18. Dyadic Power Theory, Touch, and Counseling Psychology: A Response to Smith, Vogel, Madon, and Edwards (2011)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dunbar, Norah E.; Abra, Gordon

    2012-01-01

    Smith, Vogel, Madon, and Edwards' (2011) recent article tested dyadic power theory (DPT) by examining the use of touch as a compliance-gaining tactic in the conflicts of married couples. In this response, we raise a methodological issue about the touch behaviors examined by Smith et al. and also pose a theoretical critique that their test of DPT…

  19. On the Biological Plausibility of Grandmother Cells: Implications for Neural Network Theories in Psychology and Neuroscience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowers, Jeffrey S.

    2009-01-01

    A fundamental claim associated with parallel distributed processing (PDP) theories of cognition is that knowledge is coded in a distributed manner in mind and brain. This approach rejects the claim that knowledge is coded in a localist fashion, with words, objects, and simple concepts (e.g. "dog"), that is, coded with their own dedicated…

  20. The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler: Toward an Adlerian Vocational Theory.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

    1984-01-01

    Presents an Adlerian vocational theory with several hypotheses and corollaries regarding: (a) life style, (b) work as life task, (c) family atmosphere and relationships, and (d) early recollections. Develops predictive vocational statements and offers the resulting framework as a stimulant to generate further study of Adlerian vocational…

  1. PROGRAMMED LEARNING--THEORY AND RESEARCH, AN ENDURING PROBLEM IN PSYCHOLOGY. SELECTED READINGS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MOORE, J. WILLIAM, ED.; SMITH, WENDELL I., ED.

    THIS IS A COMPILATION OF ARTICLES DEALING WITH PROGRAMED INSTRUCTION AND AUTO-INSTRUCTIONAL DEVICES (TEACHING-MACHINES). THE LITERATURE IS REVIEWED AND AN OVERVIEW OF THE FIELD IS PRESENTED. THE APPLICATION OF INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY AND LEARNING THEORY TO TEACHING MACHINES IS DISCUSSED, AND THE PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PROGRAMING METHOD. SAMPLES…

  2. Test Anxiety: Theory, Assessment, and Treatment. The Series in Clinical and Community Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spielberger, Charles D., Ed.; Vagg, Peter R., Ed.

    It is not surprising that a broad array of treatment programs have been developed to reduce test anxiety, since the consequences can be serious. The contributions in this volume review and evaluate the theory of test anxiety, its measurement, its manifestations, and possible treatments and their outcomes. The following chapters are included: (1)…

  3. Identifying the psychological determinants of risky riding: An application of an extended Theory of Planned Behaviour

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kathryn Chorlton; Mark Conner; Samantha Jamson

    The Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) plus moral norms, anticipated regret, past behaviour, self-identity and perceived susceptibility was applied to predicting motorcyclists’ intention to ride above the speed limit and ride at inappropriate speeds. Past behaviour, control beliefs, attitudes, moral norm, normative beliefs, age and self-identity explained 60% of the variance in motorcyclists’ intention to exceed the speed limit on

  4. Software Science and Cognitive Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neal S. Coulter

    1983-01-01

    Halstead proposed a methodology for studying the process of programming known as software science. This methodology merges theories from cognitive psychology with theories from computer science. There is evidence that some of the assumptions of software science incorrectly apply the results of cognitive psychology studies. HAlstead proposed theories relative to human memory models that appear to be without support from

  5. 1 Psychology Psychology is one of the most popular majors at GW and the

    E-print Network

    Vertes, Akos

    1 Psychology PSYCHOLOGY Psychology is one of the most popular majors at GW and the second largest sciences division within the school, the program exposes students to basic psychological theory, helps them develop research skills, and teaches them how to approach psychological and social issues within

  6. Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog Psychology (PSY)

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog Psychology (PSY) pSy 250 introduCtion to pSyCHoLogy (3) Theories, research, and applications that constitute psychology. An important goal is to help students become informed consumers of psychological knowledge. The role of culture

  7. Page 382 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog Psychology (PSY)

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    Page 382 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog Psychology (PSY) p-understanding and interpersonal effectiveness. pSy 250 introduCtion to pSyCHoLogy (3) Theories, research, and applications that constitute psychology. An important goal is to help students become informed consumers of psychological

  8. Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog Psychology (PSY)

    E-print Network

    Ravikumar, B.

    Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog Psychology (PSY) PSY-understanding and interpersonal effectiveness. PSY 250 introduction to PSYcHologY (3) Theories, research and applications that constitute psychology. An important goal is to help students become informed consumers of psychological

  9. From tools to theories: A heuristic of discovery in cognitive psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerd Gigerenzer

    1991-01-01

    The study of scientific discovery—where do new ideas come from?—has long been denigrated by phi- losophers as irrelevant to analyzing the growth of scientific knowledge. In particular, little is known about how cognitive theories are discovered, and neither the classical accounts of discovery as either probabilistic induction (e.g., Reichenbach, 1938) or lucky guesses (e.g., Popper, 1959), nor the stock anecdotes

  10. PRACTICAL COURSE HANDBOOK Psychology 2

    E-print Network

    Edinburgh, University of

    Course is an independent component from the Psychology 2 Lecture Course. The Practical Course is designed psychological theories are developed from experimental research Understand how psychologists design1 PRACTICAL COURSE HANDBOOK PSYL08002 Psychology 2 2012-2013 Course Organiser Semester 1 Dr Antje

  11. Evolutionary Psychology and Feminism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Michael Buss; David P. Schmitt

    2011-01-01

    This article provides a historical context of evolutionary psychology and feminism, and evaluates the contributions to this\\u000a special issue of Sex Roles within that context. We briefly outline the basic tenets of evolutionary psychology and articulate its meta-theory of the\\u000a origins of gender similarities and differences. The article then evaluates the specific contributions: Sexual Strategies Theory\\u000a and the desire for

  12. HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

  13. Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Economics Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;Welcome from the Head of Department The University of Bath is a world-class institution. In the Department of Psychology we offer high-quality undergraduate degrees in Psychology ­ our BSc (Hons) has consistently ranked

  14. HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

  15. HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

  16. Predictors of the risk factors for suicide identified by the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behaviour.

    PubMed

    Christensen, Helen; Batterham, Philip James; Mackinnon, Andrew J; Donker, Tara; Soubelet, Andrea

    2014-10-30

    The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) has been supported by recent research. However, the nature of the models? three major constructs--perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness and acquired capability - requires further investigation. In this paper, we test a number of hypotheses about the predictors and correlates of the IPTS constructs. Participants aged 32-38 from an Australian population-based longitudinal cohort study (n=1167) were assessed. IPTS constructs were measured by items from the Interpersonal Needs Questionnaire (INQ) and Acquired Capability for Suicide Scale (ACSS), alongside demographic and additional measures, measured concurrently or approximately 8 years earlier. Cross-sectional analyses evaluating the IPTS supported earlier work. Mental health was significantly related to all three IPTS constructs, but depression and anxiety caseness were associated only with perceived burdensomeness. Various social support measures were differentially associated with the three constructs. Stressful events and lifetime traumas had robust independent associations with acquired capability for suicide only. The IPTS model provides a useful framework for conceptualising suicide risk. The findings highlight the importance of perceived social support in suicide risk, identify the importance of personality and other factors as new avenues of research, and provide some validation for the independence of the constructs. PMID:24947914

  17. Finding "Meaning" in Psychology: A Lay Theories Approach to Self-Regulation, Social Perception, and Social Development

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molden, Daniel C.; Dweck, Carol S.

    2006-01-01

    Much of psychology focuses on universal principles of thought and action. Although an extremely productive pursuit, this approach, by describing only the "average person," risks describing no one in particular. This article discusses an alternate approach that complements interests in universal principles with analyses of the unique psychological

  18. Theory of Mind and embedding of perspective: A psychological test of a literary “sweet spot”

    PubMed Central

    Whalen, D. H.; Zunshine, Lisa; Holquist, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Theory of Mind (ToM) has been proposed to explain social interactions, with real people but also with fictional characters, by interpreting their mind as well as our own. “Perspective embedding” exploits ToM by placing events in characters’ minds (e.g., “he remembered she was home”). Three levels of embedment, common in literature, may be a “sweet spot” that provides enough information about a character’s motivation, but not a confusing over-abundance. Here, we use short vignettes with 1 or 3 characters and 0-5 levels of perspective embedding in two reading studies to see whether these preferences might be related to processing ease. Self-paced readers were fastest with one level of embedment, increasingly slower as embedment increased; vignettes without embedment were approximately as slow as level 4. With both self-paced and imposed timing, error rates on probe questions increased only at the fifth level. Readers seem to prefer literary texts in which ToM operations are obvious due to embedding of perspectives within the narrative but still somewhat challenging. PMID:23741659

  19. Acute Psychological Benefits of Exercise Performed at Self-Selected Workloads: Implications for Theory and Practice

    PubMed Central

    Szabo, Attila

    2003-01-01

    Given that most studies to date examined the connection between exercise and affect without considering the participants’ preferred exercise workload, in this research the affective-benefits of jogging or running at a participant-selected pace were investigated in a pilot field and a laboratory experiment. Ninety-six male and female students (19.5 yrs) took part in the pilot field experiment whereas 32 women (20.3 yrs) completed the laboratory experiment. In both experiments, the participants ran/jogged for 20 minutes at a self-selected pace. They completed an abbreviated version of a ‘right now form’ of the Profile of Mood States (POMS - Grove and Prapavessis, 1992) inventory before and after exercise. In both experiments all dependent measures changed significantly from pre- to post-exercise, except ‘fatigue’ and ‘vigor’ that did not change in the laboratory. Total mood disturbance (TMD) decreased significantly in both experiments (68% and 89%). No significant correlations were found between exercise intensity (expressed as percent (%) of maximal heart rate reserve) and the magnitude of changes seen in the dependent measures. It is concluded that exercising at a self-selected workload yields positive changes in affect that are unrelated to exercise intensity. These results suggest that the physiological theories linking exercise with positive changes in affect, in which exercise intensity is instrumental, could not account for the acute affective benefits of exercise. It is proposed that a ‘cognitive appraisal hypothesis’ may be more appropriate in explaining the acute affective benefits of exercise. PMID:24627659

  20. Is Psychology Losing Its Foundations?1

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Donald A. Dewsbury

    2009-01-01

    I contend that, together with increasing diversity of subject matter, there is a contraction of methods and approaches in psychology today. There is decreasing room for small, but critical, parts of the field—particularly those in cultural-scientific aspects of psychology, such as the history, philosophy, and theory of psychology and general psychology. These areas provide the foundations of entire discipline. These

  1. Reciprocal relationships between resource loss and psychological distress following exposure to political violence: an empirical investigation of COR theory's loss spirals.

    PubMed

    Heath, Nicole M; Hall, Brian J; Russ, Eric U; Canetti, Daphna; Hobfoll, Stevan E

    2012-11-01

    We conducted a four-wave prospective study of Palestinian adults living in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem, interviewed between 2007 and 2009 at 6-month interval to explore transactional relationships between resource loss (i.e., intra and interpersonal resource loss) and psychological distress (i.e., posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms). Initially, 1196 Palestinians completed the first wave interview and 752 of these participants completed all four interviews. A cross-lagged panel design was constructed to model the effects of trauma exposure on both resource loss and psychological distress and the subsequent reciprocal effects of resource loss and psychological distress across four time waves. Specifically, resource loss was modeled to predict distress, which in turn was expected to predict further resource loss. Structural equation modeling was used to test this design. We found that psychological distress significantly predicts resource loss across shorter, 6-month time waves, but that resource loss predicts distress across longer, 12-month intervals. These findings support the Conservation of Resources theory's corollary of loss spirals. PMID:22091974

  2. Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;The University of Bath is to offer an exciting new MSci (Hons) programme in Psychology, available from autumn 2014 onwards (subject to final approval with the opportunity to advance your knowledge of the field of psychology, while gaining a masters level qualification

  3. Psychological Treatments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barlow, David H.

    2004-01-01

    Psychology has recently identified itself as a health care profession and codified this change in the bylaws of the American Psychological Association. Although psychologists make a number of contributions to the nation's health-and mental health-the most identifiable activity focuses on treating physical or psychological pathology with…

  4. 1 | P a g e Philosophy of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Machery, Edouard

    1 | P a g e Philosophy of Psychology Edouard Machery Abstract: Philosophy of psychology takes various forms. Some philosophers of psychology use psychological findings and theories to develop new answers to traditional philosophical issues. A smaller number of philosophers of psychology take their cue

  5. Conspiracist ideation in Britain and Austria: evidence of a monological belief system and associations between individual psychological differences and real-world and fictitious conspiracy theories.

    PubMed

    Swami, Viren; Coles, Rebecca; Stieger, Stefan; Pietschnig, Jakob; Furnham, Adrian; Rehim, Sherry; Voracek, Martin

    2011-08-01

    Despite evidence of widespread belief in conspiracy theories, there remains a dearth of research on the individual difference correlates of conspiracist ideation. In two studies, we sought to overcome this limitation by examining correlations between conspiracist ideation and a range of individual psychological factors. In Study 1, 817 Britons indicated their agreement with conspiracist ideation concerning the July 7, 2005 (7/7), London bombings, and completed a battery of individual difference scales. Results showed that stronger belief in 7/7 conspiracy theories was predicted by stronger belief in other real-world conspiracy theories, greater exposure to conspiracist ideation, higher political cynicism, greater support for democratic principles, more negative attitudes to authority, lower self-esteem, and lower Agreeableness. In Study 2, 281 Austrians indicated their agreement with an entirely fictitious conspiracy theory and completed a battery of individual difference measures not examined in Study 1. Results showed that belief in the entirely fictitious conspiracy theory was significantly associated with stronger belief in other real-world conspiracy theories, stronger paranormal beliefs, and lower crystallized intelligence. These results are discussed in terms of the potential of identifying individual difference constellations among conspiracy theorists. PMID:21751999

  6. Self-Centeredness and Selflessness: A Theory of Self-Based Psychological Functioning and Its Consequences for Happiness

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michaël Dambrun; Matthieu Ricard

    2011-01-01

    The theoretical model presented in this paper emerged from several different disciplines. This model proposes that the attainment of happiness is linked to the self, and more particularly to the structure of the self. We support the idea that the perception of a structured self, which takes the form of a permanent, independent and solid entity leads to self-centered psychological

  7. Theories of Change and Adoption of Innovations: The Evolving Evidence-Based Intervention and Practice Movement in School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Psychology in the Schools, 2005

    2005-01-01

    As the evidence-based intervention (EBI) movement proliferated in medicine, psychology, and education, interest turned to establishing criteria for determining whether an intervention and/or program can be described as evidence-based. Less attention has been focused on establishing an empirical basis to understand and facilitate adoption of EBIs…

  8. Teaching Educational Psychology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Based at the Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Teaching Educational Psychology (TEP) is an online, peer-refereed journal that is "devoted to increasing our shared knowledge base about the teaching of educational psychology to a variety of educational constituencies" including administrators, policy-makers, parents, and the public. The journal started publication in 2005 and is published twice a year. Visitors to the site can access all of the back issues of the journal, and they should also take a look at their reviewing guidelines and submission materials. Recent articles include "Using Student Interviews to Understand Theories of Motivation" and "Narrative as a Basis for Teaching Educational Psychology" Moving on, the site also includes links to related educational psychology sites and a list of reviewers.

  9. Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology &

    E-print Network

    Meagher, Mary

    and illness Hippocrates Galen Humoral Theory (4 circulating fluids) Blood, black bile, yellow bile, phlegm #12;Trephination #12;#12;Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Greeks: Galen & Hippocrates #12

  10. Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology &

    E-print Network

    Meagher, Mary

    Greeks note the role of the body in health and illness Hippocrates Galen Humoral Theory (4 circulating is Health Psychology Greeks: Galen & Hippocrates #12;Galen's Four Humors Melancholic black bile moody glum

  11. [Psychological violences].

    PubMed

    Leray, M

    2014-12-01

    Among the various forms of violence inflicted on a child, psychological violence holds a significant place in terms of frequency, diversity and damage done, as serious and pervasive consequences can be observed on the child's development. This article highlights and assesses the psychological consequences provoked by psychological violences perpetrated by parents, teachers or other children in different situations, such as domestic violence, divorce and school bullying. It also gives some indications for intervention and prevention in those situations. PMID:25449447

  12. School Psychology Internship Evaluation Psychology 686: Internship in School Psychology

    E-print Network

    Hardy, Christopher R.

    1/24/12 1 School Psychology Internship Evaluation Psychology 686: Internship in School Psychology Millersville University Department of Psychology Intern: ________________ Date of Evaluation: ___/____/____ Field Supervisor: ________________ School District: ________________ Instructions: This form is designed

  13. The Psychology of Language.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kjeldergaard, Paul M.

    1961-01-01

    This review of professional literature on the psychology of language summarizes and interprets selected books and articles published during the period 1957-60. The literature, selected on the basis of importance and applicability to education, is considered under the following headings: theories, research techniques, verbal learning, and…

  14. The Development, Evolution, and Status of Holland's Theory of Vocational Personalities: Reflections and Future Directions for Counseling Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nauta, Margaret M.

    2010-01-01

    This article celebrates the 50th anniversary of the introduction of John L. Holland's (1959) theory of vocational personalities and work environments by describing the theory's development and evolution, its instrumentation, and its current status. Hallmarks of Holland's theory are its empirical testability and its user-friendliness. By…

  15. Evolution of psychological diversity in anthropoids 

    E-print Network

    Adams, Mark James

    2012-11-28

    Differential psychologists rightly identified evolutionary theory as a unifying framework for explaining the origins and persistence of individual differences in a wide array of human psychological characteristics. ...

  16. Personal construct psychology and personal selling performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard E. Plank; Joel N. Greene

    1996-01-01

    Proposes an alternative approach to understanding personal selling performance based on personal construct psychology, a cognitively based personality paradigm, originally formulated in clinical psychology by George Kelly. Explains how personal construct psychology theory (PCT), which reflects a constructivist epistemology, provides a conceptual framework for understanding and predicting sales performance. Demonstrates how PCT can be integrated with existing theoretical models of

  17. The Psychology Underlying Successful Retention Practices.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bean, John; Eaton, Shevawn Bogdan

    2002-01-01

    Describes the psychological processes that lead to academic and social integration based on a retention model proposed by the authors. Describes how successful retention programs such as learning communities, freshman interest groups, tutoring, and orientation rely on psychological processes. Four psychological theories form the basis for…

  18. Psychological Profiling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ronald N. Turco

    1990-01-01

    This article concerns itself with the four factors in preparing psychological profiles of perpetrators of crimes. The author provides a brief background of psychological profiling and its application to biographical studies and law enforcement. The author's perspective is that of a psychoanalytical orientation. He emphasizes the need to integrate neurological understanding when preparing the profile of a suspect.

  19. Chaotic analysis in psychology and psychoanalysis.

    PubMed

    Kincanon, E; Powel, W

    1995-09-01

    The rise of chaos theory in physics has been accompanied by attempts to use chaos as an explanatory tool in psychology. A review of how chaos theory is used in psychology reveals two relatively distinct efforts: chaos as a mathematical model of psychological phenomena and chaos as a metaphor for psychological phenomena. A discussion of recent articles reveals that most chaotic analysis fails to respect the minimum qualifications for data subjected to such analysis. Further, uses of chaos as an analogy for psychological phenomena are rife with misunderstandings of chaos. PMID:7473301

  20. Psychological knowledge in a colonial context: theories on the nature of the "native mind" in the former Dutch East Indies.

    PubMed

    Pols, Hans

    2007-05-01

    This article analyzes the views of 3 Dutch physicians working in the former Dutch East Indies during the first part of the 20th century. These physicians based ideas about the nature of the normal indigenous psyche on both their analysis of Indonesian individuals suffering from mental illness and on casual observations that represented widely shared cultural stereotypes. On that basis, they advocated a psychological colonial policy, which was to be based on a scientific understanding of the psyche of the Indonesian people. Using these ideas, they advocated political repression, justified inequality and racism, and limited educational opportunities for Indonesians. Representatives of the Indonesian nationalist movement vigorously protested against these ideas. PMID:17645127

  1. Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements

    E-print Network

    Chase, Sheila

    Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements The minor program in Psychology is designed to expose students to a variety of content areas in the field of Psychology and to provide the student with the ability to evaluate Psychology researcher as a consumer. To declare a Psychology minor, the student must

  2. PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY information specific to the School Psychology Specialization. This specialization is fully approved ................................................................................................ 3 THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY .............................. 3 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

  3. Social Psychological Consequences of Interpersonal Relations: A Confirmatory Approach to Testing Deutsch's Theory of Cooperation and Conflict Resolution.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhang, Quahwu

    This study tested M. Deutsch's theory of cooperation and conflict resolution using an intervention project at an inner city alternative high school in New York City. The study was designed to test the theory by confirmatory structural modeling and by evaluating the intervention. The procedure involved a pre- and post-test procedure administered…

  4. A Marxist approach to psychology and psychiatry.

    PubMed

    Nahem, J

    1982-01-01

    Marxism considers psychology and psychiatry to be young and complex sciences which are powerfully affected by the nature of society. Marxism contributes to these sciences by applying dialectical and historical materialism to their study and development. The Marxist critique of psychology and psychiatry under capitalism identifies the immense harmful effect on them of capitalist class ideology in a number of areas: anti-working class theories, racism, national chauvinism, sexism, theories of fixed evil human nature, and false or one-sided theories. Socialism is held to provide a healthy environment for individual psychological development and to utilize psychology and psychiatry for scientific and humane ends. PMID:7076375

  5. Learning by building: A visual modelling language for psychology students

    E-print Network

    Holland, Simon

    Learning by building: A visual modelling language for psychology students Paul Mulholland building computational models of psychological theories in order to learn more about them, and is a major research area allied to psychology and artificial intelligence. The main problem is that few psychology

  6. A Theoretical Upgrade of the Concept of Parental Psychological Control: Proposing New Insights on the Basis of Self-Determination Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soenens, Bart; Vansteenkiste, Maarten

    2010-01-01

    Psychological control refers to manipulative parental behavior that intrudes upon the child's psychological world. During the past decade, socialization research has consistently demonstrated the negative effects of psychologically controlling parenting on children's and adolescents' development. However, there has been relatively little advance…

  7. Psychological counterterrorism.

    PubMed

    Everly, George S

    2003-01-01

    At the end of the last century international terrorist groups declared war on the United States. Rather than pursue this war using conventional means, terrorist tactics have been employed. Terrorism represents psychological warfare, not traditional military combat. Threats of assassination, bioterrorism, and even nuclear detonations have been used. Numerous attacks have subsequently been realized against both domestic and international American targets. Winning the war against terrorism means acknowledging and responding to the psychological dynamics inherent in this form of warfare, as well as the military and law enforcement aspects of the war. Consistent with Caplan's notions of preventive psychiatry, the fight against terrorism must occur on three levels: (1) prevention of the terrorist attacks themselves, (2) mitigating the adverse psychological impact of the persistent threats of terrorist acts, as well as the terrorist attacks when they do occur, and (3) psychological treatment of the lingering adverse effects of threatened or actualized terrorist attacks. The preplanned and/or coordinated psychological efforts to counteract terrorism and prevail in any given war against terrorism shall be herein discussed and subsequently referred to as "psychological counterterrorism." PMID:12882091

  8. Model selection and psychological theory: a discussion of the differences between the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC).

    PubMed

    Vrieze, Scott I

    2012-06-01

    This article reviews the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) in model selection and the appraisal of psychological theory. The focus is on latent variable models, given their growing use in theory testing and construction. Theoretical statistical results in regression are discussed, and more important issues are illustrated with novel simulations involving latent variable models including factor analysis, latent profile analysis, and factor mixture models. Asymptotically, the BIC is consistent, in that it will select the true model if, among other assumptions, the true model is among the candidate models considered. The AIC is not consistent under these circumstances. When the true model is not in the candidate model set the AIC is efficient, in that it will asymptotically choose whichever model minimizes the mean squared error of prediction/estimation. The BIC is not efficient under these circumstances. Unlike the BIC, the AIC also has a minimax property, in that it can minimize the maximum possible risk in finite sample sizes. In sum, the AIC and BIC have quite different properties that require different assumptions, and applied researchers and methodologists alike will benefit from improved understanding of the asymptotic and finite-sample behavior of these criteria. The ultimate decision to use the AIC or BIC depends on many factors, including the loss function employed, the study's methodological design, the substantive research question, and the notion of a true model and its applicability to the study at hand. PMID:22309957

  9. What Can Psychology Tell Us about Teaching Dance? The Potential Contribution of Ajzen's Theory of Planned Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chedzoy, S. M.; Burden, R. L.

    2007-01-01

    This study explores the potential contribution of the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) to our understanding of student teachers' strength of intention to teach dance prior to and following an intensive eight-hour module before beginning their school-based practice. Students attending a primary Postgraduate Certificate in Education Course (PGCE)…

  10. Life as a stream and the psychology of “moment” in Hafiz’ verse: Application of the blending theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fatemeh Keshavarz; Habibollah Ghassemzadeh

    2008-01-01

    One of the main interpretations of life as a poetic metaphorical concept is a stream or a river. In this article we analyze a well-known verse by Hafiz of Shiraz in which life has been conceptualized as a stream, utilizing domain mapping as well as blending theories of metaphor. It is concluded that metaphors, in general, are multi-dimensional structures which

  11. Theories of Learning for the Workplace: Building Blocks for Training and Professional Development Programs. Routledge Psychology in Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dochy, Filip; Gijbels, David; Segers, Mien; Van den Bossche, Piet

    2011-01-01

    Workplace and professional learning, lifelong learning, adult learning, learning in different contexts have become of more and more interest and now dominate all aspects of 21st century life. Learning is no longer about "storing and recall" but "development and flow". "Theories of Learning in the Workplace" offers fascinating overviews into some…

  12. PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2

    E-print Network

    Sanders, Matthew

    PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University D. Facilities E. Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology 2. Department Faculty and Staff

  13. HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

  14. Psychology 380: Cognitive Psychology Spring 2008

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    Psychology 380: Cognitive Psychology Spring 2008 San Diego State University Instructor: Brock: Cognition: The Thinking Animal, Daniel Willingham (3rd Ed.) Prerequisite for this course: Psychology 101: Introduction to Psychology Goals for this course: Cognitive psychology is concerned with mental processes

  15. Evolutionary Psychology and Developmental Dynamics: Comment on Lickliter and Honeycutt (2003)

    E-print Network

    Pillow, Jonathan

    2003-01-01

    Evolutionary Psychology and Developmental Dynamics: Comment on Lickliter and Honeycutt (2003) David M. Buss University of Texas at Austin H. Kern Reeve Cornell University Evolutionary psychology provides a cogent metatheory for psychological science. It has furnished compelling theories of major

  16. Stanford Psychology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    A host of online educational initiatives during the past few years have brought lectures from all over the world into the homes into many persons who may not have access to such programs in their own local communities. One such website brings the insights and collected knowledge of various members of Stanford University's renowned psychology department to the Internet-browsing public. The lectures address such topics as the psychology of evil, the role of parents in their children's lives, and the role of personal and collective efficacy. Along with these individual talks presented by various members of the psychology faculty, there are several nice panel sessions on the nature of language and the cultural shaping of emotion. Finally, the site also contains the lively question-and-answer sessions that followed each panel session.

  17. Soviet psychology and psychophysiology.

    PubMed

    RAZRAN, G

    1958-11-14

    Pavlov's experiments, begun long before the revolution, have always been generously supported by the Soviet state. However, their far-reaching ontological and methodological implication gained an official and commanding position to Soviet biomedical and psychosocial (as distinct from socioeconomic) sciences only in 1950 with the Resolution of the 28 June-4 July Joint Pavlovian Session of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and Academy of Medical Sciences. In the biomedical sciences, present-day Soviet Pavlovianism may best be conceived of as (i) a doctrine of nervism (a Russian term)-the ubiquity of neural control of bodily reactions (neural, neurosomatic, neurovisceral, and neurohumoral) and (ii) a doctrine of what might be called concomitantism (my term )-the ready and radical modification of these reactions by concomitant reactions; or, viewed more generally and somewhat differently, as (iii) a far-reaching physicalistic psychosomaticism or, rather, a neuroviscerosomaticism. Psychophysiology-or higher nervous activity-is the key discipline here. With scores of research institutes, it is indeed a very well-established, wide-scoped, and faradvanced faradvanced science that, in both present achievements and future capabilities, is a challenge to American and Western equivalents. On the other hand, in the psychosocial sciences and the key discipline of psychology proper, unmitigated Pavlovian physicalism and objectivism is met head on by (i) the unbending postulate of dialectical materialism of "the specific emergent efficacy of consciousness and subjective conscious categories" as well as by (ii) the simple consideration that a consistent Pavlovianism is a fully autarchic psychology and needs no other science of psychology on top of it. A large portion of current Soviet psychological theory in psychology proper is thus primarily a textual and exegetic collation and conciliation of the views of Pavlov with those of Marx, Engels, and Lenin (until recently and, to some extent even now, also of Stalin), just as most current Soviet psychological experimentation in psychology proper is primarily a duplication of what Soviet psychophysiology could do as well, if not better. Moreover, there is the longstanding drastic ban on intelligence testing, psychoanalysis, Gestalt psychology, and other to-be-shunned "bourgeois-psychological" thought-and-practice systems, so that, in all, psychology proper is a much constricted and, per se, more ancilliary than basic discipline of Soviet empirical research-a state of affairs plainly reflected in the fact that the number of its research institutes and publications (as well as the number of psychologists proper) is but a small fraction of the number in psychophysiology. Yet, in evaluating our efforts in the area vis-à-vis those of the Soviets, we must, obviously, take full account of both disciplines, Soviet psychophysiology being in all respects a psychology in American terms (60). Indeed, it is Soviet psychophysiology, and not Soviet psychology proper, that is the homolog not only of American behavioristics but also, to a large extent, of all American experimental psychology. PMID:13592304

  18. That "vision thing": the state of theory in social and personality psychology at the edge of the new millennium.

    PubMed

    Kruglanski, A W

    2001-06-01

    Social psychololgy's status as a theoretical discipline is assessed. Whereas it has excelled as an experimental science, the field has generally eschewed broad theorizing and tended to limit its conceptualizations to relatively narrow, "mid-range" notions closely linked to the operational level of analysis. Such "theory shyness" may have spawned several negative consequences, including the tendency to invent new names for old concepts, fragmentation of the field, and isolation from the general cultural dialogue. Recently, steps have been taken to encourage greater theoretical activity by social psychologists, and there are now several major outlets for theoretical contributions. Further initiatives are needed, however, to instigate theoretical creativity, including ways of overcoming disciplinary risk aversion and the training of young social psychologists in ways and means of theory construction. PMID:11414371

  19. [Psychological debriefing].

    PubMed

    Arendt, Mikkel; Rosenberg, Raben

    2009-02-16

    Diagnostic criteria for stress reactions and adjustment disorders are summarized. Existing psychological treatments are outlined with a focus on evidence-based methods, and recommendations for treatment are described. The conclusion is that there is no evidence for the effect of psychological debriefing or other professional treatment in the immediate aftermath of traumatic events. On the other hand, cognitive behavioural therapy, EMDR and similar methods with focus on exposure can be recommended, both as a preventive strategy and for patients with post-traumatic stress disorder. PMID:19284905

  20. Prospect theory and body mass: characterizing psychological parameters for weight-related risk attitudes and weight-gain aversion.

    PubMed

    Lim, Seung-Lark; Bruce, Amanda S

    2015-01-01

    We developed a novel decision-making paradigm that allows us to apply prospect theory in behavioral economics to body mass. 67 healthy young adults completed self-report measures and two decision-making tasks for weight-loss, as well as for monetary rewards. We estimated risk-related preference and loss aversion parameters for each individual, separately for weight-loss and monetary rewards choice data. Risk-seeking tendency for weight-loss was positively correlated with body mass index in individuals who desired to lose body weight, whereas the risk-seeking for momentary rewards was not. Risk-seeking for weight-loss was correlated to excessive body shape preoccupations, while aversion to weight-gain was correlated with self-reports of behavioral involvement for successful weight-loss. We demonstrated that prospect theory can be useful in explaining the decision-making process related to body mass. Applying prospect theory is expected to advance our understanding of decision-making mechanisms in obesity, which might prove helpful for improving healthy choices. PMID:25852628

  1. Prospect theory and body mass: characterizing psychological parameters for weight-related risk attitudes and weight-gain aversion

    PubMed Central

    Lim, Seung-Lark; Bruce, Amanda S.

    2015-01-01

    We developed a novel decision-making paradigm that allows us to apply prospect theory in behavioral economics to body mass. 67 healthy young adults completed self-report measures and two decision-making tasks for weight-loss, as well as for monetary rewards. We estimated risk-related preference and loss aversion parameters for each individual, separately for weight-loss and monetary rewards choice data. Risk-seeking tendency for weight-loss was positively correlated with body mass index in individuals who desired to lose body weight, whereas the risk-seeking for momentary rewards was not. Risk-seeking for weight-loss was correlated to excessive body shape preoccupations, while aversion to weight-gain was correlated with self-reports of behavioral involvement for successful weight-loss. We demonstrated that prospect theory can be useful in explaining the decision-making process related to body mass. Applying prospect theory is expected to advance our understanding of decision-making mechanisms in obesity, which might prove helpful for improving healthy choices. PMID:25852628

  2. Perceiving Nonhumans: Human Moral Psychology and Animal Ethics

    E-print Network

    Kasperbauer, Tyler

    2014-04-17

    There are currently very few discussions of moral psychology in the animal ethics literature. This dissertation aims to fill this void. My main contention is that many theories in animal ethics hold mistaken views about the moral psychology of human...

  3. Research Review Psychology 2011

    E-print Network

    van Rooij, Robert

    Research Review Psychology 2011 QANU July 2012 #12;QANU / Psychology research assessment 20122;QANU / Psychology Research assessment 2012 3 CONTENTS 1. The Review Committee and review procedures...............................................166 Appendix D: Additional information regarding the Leiden Institute of Psychology ..............169

  4. PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT 2012

    E-print Network

    WPA 2012 PSYCHOLOGICAL WORKPLACE ASSESSMENT 2012 REPORT NO. 09 - RESULTS AND KEY FIGURES AARHUS-8200 Aarhus N Reports in the series Psychological Workplace Assessment 2012, Aarhus University Report no. 01. Psychological Workplace Assessment 2012, Aarhus University. Report no. 02. Psychological

  5. Psychology Today.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Anderssen, Arthur

    2003-01-01

    Describes the design of the University of Texas Austin's Seay Psychology and Child Development & Family Relationships building. With modern technique and materials, the Seay building adds to the established architectural language of the campus, offering a richly tactile structure and adjoining outdoor space embracing the tenets of successful…

  6. Psychological Trivia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert S. Harper

    1970-01-01

    Discusses trivia related to the history of psychology (with many fun examples such as: What are the names of Pavlov's original dogs?) and the relationship of this game to students learning how to use library resources (in attempts to answer such trivia questions), as well as the relevance of such knowledge.

  7. Space psychology

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

    1974-01-01

    Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

  8. Social psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Floyd H. Allport

    1920-01-01

    Slowly but surely, social psychology is coming into its own as the study of the social behavior of the individual. Many writers are noting, and some are investigating, social stimulus and response, and the specific effect of a social environment upon individual reaction. In spite of the persistent speculative essays of the old school, the trend is encouragingly toward observation

  9. Psychology is an experimental and observational science, in which evidence from

    E-print Network

    Schnaufer, Achim

    Psychology is an experimental and observational science, in which evidence from research studies is used to develop and evaluate theories. If you are expecting psychology to tell you how to read other will probably enjoy psychology. Why study Psychology at Edinburgh? Research in Psychology at the University

  10. A Coaching Psychology Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, Stephen

    2008-01-01

    In "Psychology in its place" (2008), John Radford considers "what is or should be the "place" of Psychology in education, more particularly Higher Education". In this article, the author looks at the possible inclusion of coaching psychology within undergraduate psychology programmes. Coaching psychology as an applied area of psychology

  11. Agent as Detector: An Ecological Psychology Perspective on Learning by Perceiving-Acting Systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Young; Yi Guan; John Toman; Andy DePalma; Elena Znamenskaia

    Ecological psychology has much to contribute as a theory of design for instructional and learning systems. With its roots in the psychology of James Gibson (1986), present day ecological psychology provides a unique understanding of how students think and learn, and further, how technology can enhance thinking and learning. This paper explores ecological psychology as a basis for design theory

  12. Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rapport, Zachary

    2011-01-01

    The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

  13. College of Psychology College of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Heller, Barbara

    College of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu www.iit.edu/colleges/psych Dean: M. Ellen Mitchell Associate Dean: Scott B. Morris Division Head, Clinical Psychology: Michael Young Division Head, Industrial

  14. Traversing psychological distance.

    PubMed

    Liberman, Nira; Trope, Yaacov

    2014-07-01

    Traversing psychological distance involves going beyond direct experience, and includes planning, perspective taking, and contemplating counterfactuals. Consistent with this view, temporal, spatial, and social distances as well as hypotheticality are associated, affect each other, and are inferred from one another. Moreover, traversing all distances involves the use of abstraction, which we define as forming a belief about the substitutability for a specific purpose of subjectively distinct objects. Indeed, across many instances of both abstraction and psychological distancing, more abstract constructs are used for more distal objects. Here, we describe the implications of this relation for prediction, choice, communication, negotiation, and self-control. We ask whether traversing distance is a general mental ability and whether distance should replace expectancy in expected-utility theories. PMID:24726527

  15. Vygotsky's Psychology: A Biography of Ideas.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kozulin, Alex

    Noting that the previous two decades have seen Lev Vygotsky's psychology become highly influential while the psychology of other theoretical giants has faded, this book provides a major intellectual biography about Vygotsky's theories and their relationship to twentieth-century Russian and Western intellectual culture. The book traces Vygotsky's…

  16. Psychology for the Classroom: E-Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woollard, John

    2011-01-01

    "Psychology for the Classroom: E-Learning" is a lively and accessible introduction to the field of technology-supported teaching and learning and the educational psychology associated with those developments. Offering a substantial and useful analysis of e-learning, this practical book includes current research, offers a grounding in both theory

  17. Women's Feminist Consciousness, Anger, and Psychological Distress

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fischer, Ann R.; Good, Glenn E.

    2004-01-01

    The goal of this study was to bring together several lines of research and theory on women's feminist consciousness from psychology, sociology, and philosophy. Past literatures had suggested bivariate links between feminist identity development and psychological distress, feminist identity and anger, feminist identity and interpersonal conflict,…

  18. Essential Role of Culture in Developmental Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Joan G.

    2005-01-01

    This chapter argues for the essential role of culture in forming the basic constructs and theories of developmental psychology. The case is made for the need to overcome the cultural insularity of core developmental concepts and methods in order to create a psychology that is more truly universal.

  19. Psychological Flexibility, ACT, and Organizational Behavior

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bond, Frank W.; Hayes, Steven C.; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot

    2006-01-01

    This paper offers organizational behavior management (OBM) a behavior analytically consistent way to expand its analysis of, and methods for changing, organizational behavior. It shows how Relational Frame Theory (RFT) suggests that common, problematic, psychological processes emerge from language itself, and they produce psychological

  20. Precursors of Vocational Psychology in Ancient Civilizations.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dumont, Frank; Carson, Andrew D.

    1995-01-01

    Examines philosophical theories produced by two ancient civilizations (Eastern Mediterranean and Chinese) for applications to an applied psychology of work. Includes analysis of Egyptians, Semites, and Greeks, with a special emphasis on Plato. Suggests that many basic elements of vocational psychology were present during the first millennium B.C.…

  1. The Social Psychology of Stigma

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Brenda Major; Laurie T. O'Brien

    2005-01-01

    ? Abstract This chapter addresses the psychological,effects of social stigma. Stig- ma directly affects the stigmatized via mechanisms of discrimination, expectancy con- firmation, and automatic stereotype activation, and indirectly via threats to personal and social identity. We review and organize recent theory and empirical research within an identity threat model of stigma. This model posits that situational cues, collective rep-

  2. The cognitive psychology of gambling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark D. Griffiths

    1990-01-01

    A number of recent studies have shown there may be a strong cognitive bias in explaining persistent gambling. Theories that have been put forward include the illusion of control, “cognitive regret,” biased evaluations and the “psychology of the near miss.” Two exploratory studies examining the acquisition, development and maintenance of gambling behaviour involving adolescent fruit machine gamblers were carried out.

  3. University of Oregon Psychology 473

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    , interaction, and systems theory that qualifies a professional as a marriage and family therapist. ­American 1 University of Oregon Psychology 473 Marital and Family Therapies Summer 2014 Class office hours. Marriage and Family Therapy (MFT) deals primarily with relationships and interaction within

  4. University of Oregon Psychology 473

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    expertise in interpersonal relationships, interaction, and systems theory that qualifies a professional 1 University of Oregon Psychology 473 Marital and Family Therapies Spring 2014 Class hours). I encourage you to visit during my office hours. Marriage and Family Therapy (MFT) deals

  5. Vygotsky's Developmental and Educational Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Langford, Peter E.

    2005-01-01

    Vygotsky is widely considered one of the most significant and influential psychologists of the twentieth century. Nevertheless, true appreciation of his theories has been hindered by a lack of understanding of the background to his thought. "Vygotsky's Developmental and Educational Psychology" aims to demonstrate how we can come to a new and…

  6. The psychology of Alfred Adler

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Wayland F. Vaughan

    1927-01-01

    The heterodox nature of the Freudian psychology and the authoritative, dogmatic manner of its presentation, both favored the rise of spirited opposition in its train. Prominent among the secessionists are Jung and Adler. Jung has gained a wide audience for his theories through the attractive literary form in which they have been advanced. Adler has been less fortunate in a

  7. BIological Psychology, Exercise, and Stress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dishman, Rod K.

    1994-01-01

    Reviews theory and methods used by the field of biological psychology to study stress that have potential for understanding how behavioral and biological adaptations to the stress of exercise are integrated. The overview focuses on anxiety, depression, and physiological responsiveness to nonexercise stressors from the perspective of biological…

  8. Social Psychology and Gerontology: A Discussion.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosow, Irving

    1978-01-01

    The four papers of this symposium on social psychology and gerontology are critically discussed: Babchuk on primary relations; Shaver on attribution theory; Marris on conservation and innovation; and Lieberman on adaptation. (Author)

  9. Unified Positivism and Unification Psychology: Fad or New Field?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Arthur W. Staats

    1991-01-01

    The fragmentation of psychology has been recognized sporadically for a long time; however, those who questioned psychology's disunity have been ignored. Recently, a philosophy of unified positivism has been set forth, and a confluence of voices has been questioning psychology's disunity forcefully with purpose and resolve. Attempts to construct unified theories are again becoming of interest, and methods by which

  10. Psychological Bulletin 1986, Vol.99, No. 2, 166-181

    E-print Network

    Barrett, Jeffrey A.

    Psychological Bulletin 1986, Vol.99, No. 2, 166-181 Copyright 1986 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 0033-2909/86/W0.75 Measurement: The Theory of Numerical Assignments Louis Narens University. Duncan Luce, Department of Psychology and Social Relations, William James Hall, Harvard University, 33

  11. Psychological Review 2000, Vol. 107, No. 2, 358-367

    E-print Network

    Cottrell, Garrison W.

    Psychological Review 2000, Vol. 107, No. 2, 358-367 Copyright 2000 by the American Psychological Association, Inc. 0033-295X/00/S5.0Q DOI: 10.1037//0033-295X.107.2.358 THEORETICAL NOTES How Persuasive of psychology; there seem to be no examples of a theory supported mainly by good fits that has led

  12. Human Nature and Culture: An Evolutionary Psychological Perspective

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David M. Buss

    2001-01-01

    Personality psychology is the broadest of all psychological subdisciplines in that it seeks a conceptually integrated understanding of both human nature and important individual differences. Cultural differences pose a unique set of problems for any comprehensive theory of personality—how can they be reconciled with universals of human nature on the one hand and within-cultural variation on the other? Evolutionary psychology

  13. STREAMS OF THOUGHT: THE PSYCHOLOGY OF WILLIAM JAMES

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexis Dianda

    2007-01-01

    By establishing William James' The Principles of Psychology as a significant work in the history of psychology, Streams of Thought: The Psychology of William James secures the criticisms of the traditional approaches to the theory of mind and paths a productive course for the study of the human being and his or her relation to the world. Streams of Thought

  14. Psychology: Discipline Analysis. Women in the Curriculum Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Madden, Margaret E.; Russo, Nancy Felipe

    This essay examines the ways in which psychology, as a discipline, has been influenced by feminist scholarship in the field. Noting that feminist psychologists have challenged the assumption that psychological science is value-free, it cites ways in which values have affected psychological theory and method. The view that men's behavior is…

  15. Buddha philosophy and western psychology.

    PubMed

    Aich, Tapas Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Four noble truths as preached by Buddha are that the life is full of suffering (Duhkha), that there is a cause of this suffering (Duhkha-samudaya), it is possible to stop suffering (Duhkha-nirodha), and there is a way to extinguish suffering (Duhkha-nirodha-marga). Eight fold Path (astangika-marga) as advocated by Buddha as a way to extinguish the sufferings are right views, right resolve/aspiration, right speech, right action/conduct, right livelihood, right effort right mindfulness and right concentration. Mid-twentieth century saw the collaborations between many psychoanalysts and Buddhist scholars as a meeting between "two of the most powerful forces" operating in the Western mind. Buddhism and Western Psychology overlap in theory and in practice. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. Orientalist Alan Watts wrote 'if we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism, we do not find either philosophy or religion as these are understood in the West. We find something more nearly resembling psychotherapy'. Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. This essay is just an expression of what little the current author has understood on Buddha philosophy and an opportunity to offer his deep tribute to one of the greatest psychotherapists the world has ever produced! PMID:23858249

  16. SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (APA-Accredited and NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee For students, faculty, and supervisors 2013 to provide information specific to the School Psychology specialization. This specialization is fully

  17. Classics in the History of Psychology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Green Christopher D.

    Developed by Christopher D. Green, associate professor of psychology at York University, this site currently compiles the full text of over 80 works considered classics in the history of psychology. The historically significant texts, written by nearly 50 different authors, reside on a York University server and are fully searchable by keyword(s). Users may also access the texts through an author index or a topical index, which arranges the text into twelve subject areas: Ancient Psychology, Behaviorism, Cognition, Evolutionary Theory, Functionalism & Pragmatism, Gestalt Theory, Intelligence Testing, Neuropsychology, Psychoanalysis & Psychotherapy, Social Psychology, Statistics & Methodology, and Wundt & Structuralism. In addition, the site links to more than 120 online documents related to the history of psychology posted on other Websites.

  18. 1School of Psychology Research Studies in Psychology

    E-print Network

    Heinke, Dietmar

    and Applied Psychology: 10 Clinical and Health Psychology 10 Developmental Psychology 11 Forensic and Family1School of Psychology Research Studies in Psychology School of Psychology Understanding the mind, brain, and the person #12;2 School of Psychology Contents School of Psychology 3 Research study

  19. An evolutionary perspective on health psychology: new approaches and applications.

    PubMed

    Tybur, Joshua M; Bryan, Angela D; Hooper, Ann E Caldwell

    2012-01-01

    Although health psychologists' efforts to understand and promote health are most effective when guided by theory, health psychology has not taken full advantage of theoretical insights provided by evolutionary psychology. Here, we argue that evolutionary perspectives can fruitfully inform strategies for addressing some of the challenges facing health psychologists. Evolutionary psychology's emphasis on modular, functionally specialized psychological systems can inform approaches to understanding the myriad behaviors grouped under the umbrella of "health," as can theoretical perspectives used by evolutionary anthropologists, biologists, and psychologists (e.g., Life History Theory). We detail some early investigations into evolutionary health psychology, and we provide suggestions for directions for future research. PMID:23253791

  20. Computer applications in clinical psychology

    E-print Network

    Zamo?teanu, Alina Oana

    2012-01-01

    The computer-assisted analysis is not currently a novelty, but a necessity in all areas of psychology. A number of studies that examine the limits of the computer assisted and analyzed interpretations, also its advantages. A series of studies aim to assess how the computer assisting programs are able to establish a diagnosis referring to the presence of certain mental disorders. We will present the results of one computer application in clinical psychology regarding the assessment of Theory of Mind capacity by animation.

  1. Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zucchero, Renee' A.

    2011-01-01

    Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

  2. Sport Psychology: Psychologic Issues and Applications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher M. Carr

    2006-01-01

    The field of sport and exercise psychology explores the relation between psychologic factors and optimal performance. Sport psychology is slowly becoming an integral aspect of the holistic care of sports medicine and phys- ical rehabilitation patients. The physician specialist should have some knowledge regarding the various facets of sport and performance psychol- ogy, because many of these skills are relevant

  3. The Rhetoric of Psychological Research and the Problem of Unification in Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael W. Katzko

    2002-01-01

    There has been in the field of psychology a long and well-documented discontent with an apparent disorganization in its literature, most often interpreted as reflecting the absence of a unifying theory. This article examines some alternative ways in which some of the disorganization is being actively created by forms of argumentation used in reporting and discussing psychological research. One institutionalized

  4. Dual Processes in the Psychology of Mathematics Education and Cognitive Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gillard, Ellen; Van Dooren, Wim; Schaeken, Walter; Verschaffel, Lieven

    2009-01-01

    Research in the psychology of mathematics education has been confronted with the fact that people blatantly fail to solve tasks they are supposed to be able to solve correctly given their available domain-specific knowledge and skills. Also researchers in cognitive psychology have encountered such phenomena. In this paper, theories that have been…

  5. Introduction to Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, Lesley

    Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an overview of…

  6. Mainstreaming Culture in Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheung, Fanny M.

    2012-01-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural…

  7. Psychological Type and the Matching of Cognitive Styles.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bargar, Robert R.; Hoover, Randy L.

    1984-01-01

    Carl Jung's theory of psychological type is explored and related to education in this article. A model of the interaction between teacher, student, subject matter, and instructional alternatives is examined and the educational implications are discussed. This theory is used to illustrate how psychological-type influences teaching and learning…

  8. Big Questions Facing Vocational Psychology: A Cognitive Information Processing Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reardon, Robert C.; Lenz, Janet G.; Sampson, James P., Jr.; Peterson, Gary W.

    2011-01-01

    This article draws upon the authors' experience in developing cognitive information processing theory in order to examine three important questions facing vocational psychology and assessment: (a) Where should new knowledge for vocational psychology come from? (b) How do career theories and research find their way into practice? and (c) What is…

  9. Cognitive Psychology and the Mathematics Laboratory. Papers from a Symposium.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesh, Richard , Ed.

    This volume records the papers presented at a Northwestern University symposium concerning the articulation of cognitive psychology with mathematics education. Piagetian theories are described and extended to classroom applications in several of the papers; other psychological theories such as information processing are also discussed. All of the…

  10. American Psychological Society: Psychological Research on the Net

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Posted by the American Psychological Society (see the May 6, 1994 Scout Report), this Website presents an extensive annotated list of psychological research currently being conducted on the Web. In addition to a new studies section, topics include health psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, personality studies, psychology and religion, sensation and perception, social psychology, neural psychology, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, cognition, emotions, and others. Links are provided to the listed Websites.

  11. PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    1 PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013 Methods) learn a variety of statistical terms and procedures. To successfully LIBRARY COMPUTERS. OVERVIEW Students of Psychology 302 (Statistical

  12. Master of Science Degree in Educational Psychology

    E-print Network

    Dai, Pengcheng

    ) EDPY 510 Psychological Theories of Human Development Applied to Education EDPY 572 Theories of Learning Courses (24 credit hours) EDPY 504 Motivation in Learning EDPY 506 Introduction to Educational Research and Operations EDPY 525 Adult Learning EDPY 573 Meeting Needs of Nontraditional and Underachieving Learners EDPY

  13. Biblical analyses of various psychological systems

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Amy Creswell

    2000-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze various theories regarding man's personality and compare them to biblical truths. The hope is that this paper will help Christians review theories of personality or other aspects of psychology biblically. When developing this project, the author of this paper maintained a concentrated effort to develop something that Calvary Bible College and Theological

  14. A Brief History of the Development of Abnormal Psychology: A Training Guide. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phelps, William R.

    Presented for practitioners is a history of the development of abnormal psychology. Areas covered include the following: Early medical concepts, ideas carried over from literature, early treatment of the mentally ill, development of the psychological viewpoint, Freud's psychoanalytic theory, Jung's analytic theory, the individual psychology of…

  15. Memory metaphors in cognitive psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Henry L. Roediger

    1980-01-01

    In describing memory phenomena in natural language, a spatial metaphor is typically employed. Memories are considered to be\\u000a objects that are stored in a mind space, and the process of retrieval is conceived as a search for these objects. It is argued\\u000a that this metaphor has been carried over into many of the popular theories of memory in cognitive psychology

  16. Psychology and the American ideal

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward E. Sampson

    1977-01-01

    Applies 3 recent criticisms of personality and social psychology––the historical, the dialectical, and the interdependence theses––to a critical examination of existing trends in theory and practice, in particular to concepts of androgyny, mental health, and moral development. The position is developed that existing conceptions in these and other areas emphasize a cultural and historical thesis of self-contained individualism; syntheses of

  17. Re-reading Discourse and Social Psychology: transforming social psychology.

    PubMed

    Potter, Jonathan

    2012-09-01

    This paper considers one theme in the contemporary legacy of Potter and Wetherell's (1987) Discourse and Social Psychology. It overviews the context that led to that book and considers a series of critical responses from both experimental and critical/qualitative social psychologists. It refutes criticisms and corrects confusions. Focusing on contemporary discursive psychology, it highlights (a) its rigorous use of records of actual behaviour; (b) its systematic focus on normative practices. In methodological terms, it (a) highlights limitations in the use of open-ended interviews; (b) considers the way naturalistic materials provide access to participants' own orientations and displays; (c) builds a distinctive logic of sampling and generalization. In theoretical terms, it (a) highlights the way discourse work can identify foundational psychological matters; (b) offers a novel approach to emotion and embodiment; (c) starts to build a matrix of dimensions which are central to the constructing and recognizing of different kinds of social actions. It now offers a fully formed alternative social psychology which coordinates theory and method and a growing body of empirical work. PMID:22168901

  18. Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    1 Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology Fall 2012 TR 4:00-5:20pm Gerlinger 302) 346-4966 Office Hours: TBD Course Overview: Understanding statistics and statistical reasoning classes and hopefully for some of you in the world beyond, will present statistical data. This data

  19. The Trait Psychology Controversy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morgan, William P.

    1980-01-01

    Arguments associated with trait psychology are reviewed with an application in the field of sport psychology. The role of cognition and perception in sport and physical activities is also discussed. (CJ)

  20. School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program

    E-print Network

    Doyle, Robert

    i School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program Department of Psychology 430 Huntington Hall Syracuse, NY 13244-2340 Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.) in School Psychology Accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA)* Approved by the National Association of Psychology Psychologists

  1. www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour?

    E-print Network

    Haykin, Simon

    www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour? Psychology, Neuroscience, speech pathology, clinical psychology, and the business world. HERE'S A QUICK LOOK AT THE PROGRAMS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE & BEHAVIOUR (PNB) · Honours B.Sc. Psychology

  2. PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University

    E-print Network

    Hardy, Christopher R.

    1 8/12/2011 PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology 3 credits Millersville University and Practicum in School Psychology (Psychology 685) are in accordance with two important documents; the NASP Standards for School Psychology Training Programs (2000) and the School Psychology; A Blueprint Training

  3. Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate

    E-print Network

    Jiang, Huiqiang

    Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate Revised: 01/2014 The undergraduate psychology major introduces students to a breadth of psychological topics, including the biological, social for a variety of career and graduate school paths. Required courses for the Psychology major The psychology

  4. Approaching Adult Education Literature Using the Donlevy Template of Perspectives: A Focus on the Psychological Perspective.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donlevy, James G.; Donlevy, Tia Rice

    1998-01-01

    Provides brief descriptions of adult education from technological, psychological, ideological, and sociological perspectives. Author examines the psychological perspective, highlighting the work of Jack Mezirow (transformation theory), Roger Gould (seven-step adult development process), Patricia Cranton (Understanding and Promoting Transformative…

  5. Clemson University Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Duchowski, Andrew T.

    (HFES) 55 Professional Affiliations 56 American Psychological Association 56 Association 59 Where Psychologists Work 59 American Psychological Association (APA) 60 Areas of Concentration for Psychological Science 56 Southeastern Psychological Association 56 University, College, and Departmental Awards

  6. Psychological contracts of hospice nurses.

    PubMed

    Jones, Audrey Elizabeth; Sambrook, Sally

    2010-12-01

    Psychological contracts have been described as individuals' beliefs regarding the obligations, expectations, and contributions that exist between them and their employer. They can be influenced by the organization's culture and philosophy, through human resources policies, and through the employee's personality and characteristics. Owing to the recent economic crisis, hospices in the UK are currently in a transitional phase and are being expected to demonstrate efficiencies that might be more in line with a business model than a health-care environment. This may conflict with the philosophical views of hospice nurses. To support nurses through this transition, it might be helpful to understand the antecedents of hospice nurses' behaviour and how they construct their psychological contracts. Failure to offer adequate support might lead to negative outcomes such as a desire to leave the organisation, poorer quality work, or disruptive behaviour. This study used a modified grounded theory approach involving in-depth interviews to explore the context and content of the psychological contracts of hospice nurses in the UK. Four main themes emerged: the types of psychological contracts formed, how the contracts are formed, their contents, and the breaches and potential violations the nurses perceive. PMID:21240104

  7. Psychology in Mexico

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

    2011-01-01

    The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

  8. Psychology and Economics

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Matthew Rabin

    1998-01-01

    Because psychology systematically explores human judgment, behavior, and well-being, it can teach us important lessons about how humans differ from the way they are traditionally described by economists. This essay discusses a selection of psychological findings relevant to economics. While standard economics assumes that each person maximizes stable and coherent preferences given rationally-formed probabilistic beliefs, psychological research teaches us about

  9. Psychology in India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

    2011-01-01

    Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

  10. The psychology of testimony

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guy Montrose Whipple

    1911-01-01

    Reviews 7 studies (1909-1911) dealing with the psychology of testimony. There has been a greater readiness in the legal profession, to consider the results of experimental psychology. The use of standard picture tests in testimony, reliability of testimony of mental defectives, points of contact between the psychology of testimony and legal practice, and the like, are some of the researched

  11. Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology (SNP)

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology (SNP) I t is an exciting challenge for us to launch a new interdisciplinary journal, Socioaffective Neuroscience & Psychology. We believe the journal will appeal to a wide advances have shed new light on psychological and neural processes. For example, in the area

  12. PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST FOR PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

    Microsoft Academic Search

    EUGENE I. BURDOCK; ANNE S. HARDESTY

    1968-01-01

    DISCUSSES THE NEED FOR A STANDARDIZED PSYCHOLOGICAL METHOD OF EVALUATION OF PSYCHOPATHOLOGY COMPARABLE TO THE STANDARDIZED PSYCHOLOGICAL METHOD FOR INTELLIGENCE EVALUATION. A QUANTITATIVE APPROACH TO THE IDENTIFICATION OF MALADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR PATTERNS IS PROVIDED BY THE STRUCTURED CLINICAL INTERVIEW (SCI). THE SCI WAS DESIGNED TO SERVE AS AN INDIVIDUAL TEST OF SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT. IT CAN PROVIDE RELIABLE SCORES WHEN

  13. Psychology for All

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Popovic, Nash

    2008-01-01

    In "Psychology in its place" (2008) John Radford explores and attempts to initiate a debate on what is or should be the place and role of psychology in Higher Education, primarily as a main subject for a first degree. In this paper, the author raises the stakes, and argues that Higher Education should provide a certain form of practical psychology

  14. Psychology: Student Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stark, Rebecca

    This book published in 1986 introduces students to psychology and its related subject areas. Students learn that psychology has matured through the centuries from its taboo beginnings in supernatural beliefs and magic to its current status as a scientific discipline. Sections of the book include: (1) "What is Psychology?"; (2) "Human Development";…

  15. Utopianism in psychology: the case of Wilhelm Reich.

    PubMed

    Pietikainen, Petteri

    2002-01-01

    This article examines utopian elements in Wilhelm Reich's writings in his American phase (1939-1957) in order to illustrate utopian sources of dynamic psychology. Although there are scholars who have used the term "psychological utopia" and applied it to individual thinkers (Reich, Marcuse, Fromm) and to specific psychological disciplines (psychoanalysis, behaviorism, cognitive psychology), the term itself has remained elusive and vague. Furthermore, there have been few attempts to systematically examine utopian elements in twentieth-century psychology in general and the basic assumptions of psychological utopianism in particular. While pointing out that Reich's orgonomic theories have no scientific merit, this article argues for the relevancy of his ideas for understanding the nature of utopianism in dynamic psychology. PMID:11954039

  16. The Psychology of Cyberspace

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Suler, John.

    1999-01-01

    Created and maintained by Professor John Suler of Rider University, The Psychology of Cyberspace is a frequently updated interactive document that provides "an evolving conceptual framework for understanding the various psychological components of cyberspace." Currently, the site contains six major components: The Fundamental Psychological Qualities of Cyberspace, The Psychology of the Individual in Cyberspace, The Psychology of Cyberspace Relationships, Group Dynamics in Cyberspace, Research Methods in Cyberpsychology, and The Palace Study, an ongoing case study of an online multimedia community. This extensive site also includes a subject index to aid information retrieval, and a modest annotated webliography of cyberpsychology resources.

  17. The conflicting psychologies of learning––a way out

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. L. Hull

    1935-01-01

    The present divergence among the many psychological accounts of learning is one of theory, not of experimental findings. This suggests that the methods of developing the theories have been wrong. The ideal procedure is to direct experiments by systematic integrated theory rather than by isolated hypotheses, as exemplified in the development of the quantum theory in physics. Four essentials of

  18. An analysis of spatial patterns in serial rape, arson, and burglary: The utility of the circle theory of environmental range for psychological profiling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard N. Kocsis; Harvey J. Irwin

    1997-01-01

    D Canter and P. Larkin's (1993) Circle Theory of Environmental Range was designed as a means of using the geographical locations of an individual offender's known offences to predict the approximate site of the offender's residential base. Canter and Larkin obtained support for their theory from an investigation of spatial patterns in serial rapists' offences in a few British cities.

  19. Can modular psychological concepts like affect and emotion be assigned to a distinct subset of regional neural circuits?. Comment on "The quartet theory of human emotions: An integrative and neurofunctional model" by S. Koelsch et al.

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fehr, Thorsten; Herrmann, Manfred

    2015-06-01

    The proposed Quartet Theory of Human Emotions by Koelsch and co-workers [11] adumbrates evidence from various scientific sources to integrate and assign the psychological concepts of 'affect' and 'emotion' to four brain circuits or to four neuronal core systems for affect-processing in the brain. The authors differentiate between affect and emotion and assign several facultative, or to say modular, psychological domains and principles of information processing, such as learning and memory, antecedents of affective activity, emotion satiation, cognitive complexity, subjective quality feelings, degree of conscious appraisal, to different affect systems. Furthermore, they relate orbito-frontal brain structures to moral affects as uniquely human, and the hippocampus to attachment-related affects. An additional feature of the theory describes 'emotional effector-systems' for motor-related processes (e.g., emotion-related actions), physiological arousal, attention and memory that are assumed to be cross-linked with the four proposed affect systems. Thus, higher principles of emotional information processing, but also modular affect-related issues, such as moral and attachment related affects, are thought to be handled by these four different physiological sub-systems that are on the other side assumed to be highly interwoven at both physiological and functional levels. The authors also state that the proposed sub-systems have many features in common, such as the selection and modulation of biological processes related to behaviour, perception, attention and memory. The latter aspect challenges an ongoing discussion about the mind-body problem: To which degree do the proposed sub-systems 'sufficiently' cover the processing of complex modular or facultative emotional/affective and/or cognitive phenomena? There are current models and scientific positions that almost completely reject the idea that modular psychological phenomena are handled by a distinct selection of regional brain systems or neural modules, but rather suggest highly complex and cross-linked neural networks individually shaped by livelong learning and experience [e.g., 6,7,10,13]. This holds in particular true for complex emotional phenomena such as aggression or empathy in social interaction [8,13]. It thus remains questionable, whether - beyond primary sensory and motor-processing - a small number of modular sub-systems sufficiently cover the organisation of specific phenomenological and social features of perception and behaviour [7,10].

  20. James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Hill, Wendell T.

    Psychology, the American Psychological Association, the Association of Psychological Sciences, AAAS Contributions in Applied Psychology of the American Psychological Asso- ciation, and the Medal for DistinguishedJames S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology Director, Institute for Social Research

  1. Mainstreaming culture in psychology.

    PubMed

    Cheung, Fanny M

    2012-11-01

    Despite the "awakening" to the importance of culture in psychology in America, international psychology has remained on the sidelines of psychological science. The author recounts her personal and professional experience in tandem with the stages of development in international/cross-cultural psychology. Based on her research in cross-cultural personality assessment, the author discusses the inadequacies of sole reliance on either the etic or the emic approach and points out the advantages of a combined emic-etic approach in bridging global and local human experiences in psychological science and practice. With the blurring of the boundaries between North American-European psychologies and psychology in the rest of the world, there is a need to mainstream culture in psychology's epistemological paradigm. Borrowing from the concept of gender mainstreaming that embraces both similarities and differences in promoting equal opportunities, the author discusses the parallel needs of acknowledging universals and specifics when mainstreaming culture in psychology. She calls for building a culturally informed universal knowledge base that should be incorporated in the psychology curriculum and textbooks. PMID:23163473

  2. Can Infant Cognitive Psychology Be Helpful in Understanding Learning Processes?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Roger Lécuyer

    2006-01-01

    Since teaching and learning has become a major economic activity of modern society, different learning models can be considered in order to increase its effectiveness and efficiency. For a long time infant cognitive psychology was influenced by nativist theories and, thus, early learning has been underestimated and insufficiently studied. However, in recent years, infant psychology has described developmental sequences, learning

  3. Intentional Action as a Paradigm for Developmental Psychology: A Symposium

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Chapman

    1984-01-01

    This symposium is devoted to the question of whether and to what extent action may constitute a useful paradigm for developmental psychology, where ‘action’ is understood as voluntary behavior employed by the agent as a means of attaining certain ends. In the first contribution, Brandtstädter enlarges upon this definition, summarizes the multiple roots of action theory in psychology, and discusses

  4. Four Psychologies Applied to Education: Freudian, Behavioral, Humanistic, Transpersonal.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Thomas B., Ed.

    This document presents 62 selected articles of psychology and education which demonstrate how educational theory and practice have changed and broadened to meet the need for new modes of teaching and learning. The writings, which show how psychologies can be complementary ways of understanding human behavior, are accompanied by both theoretical…

  5. Competence Assessment Integrating Reflective Practice in a Professional Psychology Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Deborah; Virden, Tom; Hutchings, Philinda Smith; Bhargava, Ruchi

    2011-01-01

    The Midwestern University Clinical Psychology Program--Glendale Campus (MWU) created a Comprehensive Assessment Method in Psychology (CAMP) comprised of 35 different "tasks" of authentic work products representing a variety of assessment techniques based on pedagogical theory. Each task assesses one or more components of one of the program's five…

  6. Counseling Psychology Handbook Page 1 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Yuanlin

    .3 Competence to Practice the Specialty of Psychology 17.4 Continued Unsatisfactory Performance in PracticumsCounseling Psychology Handbook Page 1 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY PROGRAM STUDENT HANDBOOK 2013-2014 #12;Counseling Psychology Handbook Page 2 Note: To go to a specific section

  7. Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the

    E-print Network

    Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and one of the most prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching

  8. Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325)

    E-print Network

    Harman, Neal.A.

    Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325) Outline The `Psychology and Lecturers aim to give a detailed picture of the various work within Psychology and the career/training options available. These are run in conjunction with the Welsh Branch of the British Psychological Society

  9. School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel,

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel, behave and interact with each. An understanding of contemporary psychological science is essential to shape current and emerging societal issues. Dr Beth Grunfeld Programme Leader, MA Psychology 1 year full-time 2 years part-time MA Psychology #12

  10. Course Syllabus Table of Contents Psychology 320: Online Health Psychology

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    is designed to introduce students to the field of Health Psychology. This is an accelerated upper divisi1 Course Syllabus Table of Contents Psychology 320: Online Health Psychology Summer, 2011 Table-800-500-1554 or (517) 355-2345 Help is available 24/7 ! Course Syllabus* Psychology 320 Online Health Psychology Summer

  11. The Great Struggles of Life: Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David M. Buss

    2009-01-01

    Darwin envisioned a scientific revolution for psychology. His theories of natural and sexual selection identified two classes of struggles—the struggle for existence and the struggle for mates. The emergence of evolutionary psychology and related disciplines signals the fulfillment of Darwin's vision. Natural selection theory guides scientists to discover adaptations for survival. Sexual selection theory illuminates the sexual struggle, highlighting mate

  12. Teaching Clinical Psychology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Suler, John R., 1955-

    Teaching Clinical Psychology, created by Dr. John Suler of Rider University, is devoted to �sharing ideas and resources for teaching clinical psychology.� Helpful for students and educators in the fields of mental health and human services counseling, this site contains practical in-class exercises, such as an exercise which illustrates what it is like to share secrets with strangers, and syllabi for courses in the clinical psychology curriculum. There are also larger projects for students, including an in-depth analysis of a psychotherapy case study and a role-play project which has students administer, score, and interpret a series of psychological tests given to a classmate.

  13. Department of Psychology Handbook 2014

    E-print Network

    Hickman, Mark

    2014 Department of Psychology Handbook 2014 College of Science Science Reveal. #12;Contents 3 Welcome 4 What is Psychology 5 Including Psychology in your degree 6 Enrolment, Planning & Changes 7 in Applied Psychology Courses 35 Clinical Psychology Programme 37 General Postgraduate Information 39

  14. An evaluation of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 using item response theory: which items are most strongly related to psychological distress?

    PubMed

    Meijer, Rob R; de Vries, Rivka M; van Bruggen, Vincent

    2011-03-01

    The psychometric structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18; Derogatis, 2001) was investigated using Mokken scaling and parametric item response theory. Data of 487 outpatients, 266 students, and 207 prisoners were analyzed. Results of the Mokken analysis indicated that the BSI-18 formed a strong Mokken scale for outpatients and prisoners, indicating strong unidimensionality. For students, only the depression and anxiety items formed a medium Mokken scale. Parametric item response theory analyses showed that the best discriminating items came from the depression and anxiety subscales. PMID:21280957

  15. The Future of Vocational Psychology: Aiming High.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fouad, Nadya A.

    2001-01-01

    The strengths of vocational psychology include quantitative foundations, theory-driven research, and focus on vocational assessment. Weaknesses are overemphasis on quantitative methods, lack of context, and class-bound perceptions of work. Threats include appropriation by related disciplines and the practice of vocational counseling by those…

  16. Joseph Priestley and the Psychology of Style.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moran, Michael G.

    Joseph Priestley, in his "A Course of Lectures on Oratory and Criticism," developed a psychological theory of style. The "Course" covers three main topics: traditional rhetorical arts of invention, arrangement, and style. Borrowing from the ideas of David Hartley, the association psychologist; Joseph Addison, the aesthetician; and Adam Smith, the…

  17. Annual Review of Psychology, Volume 32, 1981.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenzweig, Mark R., Ed.; Porter, Lyman W., Ed.

    This volume contains 19 essays on current research in representative areas of psychology. All of the authors are professors and researchers at universities in the United States. A wide range of topics is discussed. Included among these are human learning and memory; behavioral decision theory; categorization of natural objects; developmental…

  18. The Psychology of Mass-Mediated Terrorism

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gabriel Weimann

    2008-01-01

    The growing use and manipulation of modern communications by terrorist organizations have led communication and terrorism scholars to reconceptualize modern terrorism within the framework of symbolic communication theory. Some applied the theater-of-terror metaphor to examine modern terrorism as an attempt to communicate messages through the use of orchestrated violence. This article examines the psychological importance of the mass media for

  19. University of Oregon Psychology 473/573

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    expertise in interpersonal relationships, interaction, and systems theory that qualifies a professional1 University of Oregon Psychology 473/573 Marital and Family Therapies Winter 2014 Class Location: Tuesday's, 1-3pm, Franklin Building, Room 208 (starting week two) Marriage and Family Therapy (MFT) deals

  20. Family Systems Practice in Pediatric Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anne E. Kazak; Steven Simms; Mary T. Rourke

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To present a pediatric psychology consultation treatment framework based on family systems and developmental theories. Methods: After reviewing background relevant to family systems interventions, a five-step protocol (refer- ral, assessment, collaboration, outcome) for consultation is presented, using case examples from our pediat- ric oncology service, to illustrate joining, focusing, promoting competence and collaboration with patients, families, and staff. Results:

  1. University of Oregon Psychology 473/573

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    . It is the specific expertise in interpersonal relationships, interaction, and systems theory that qualifies health services. Required Texts and Readings: Becvar R., & Becvar, D. (2009). Family therapy: A systemicUniversity of Oregon Psychology 473/573 Marital and Family Therapies Spring 2012 Class Location

  2. Critical Psychologies for Critical Health Literacies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corcoran, Tim

    2014-01-01

    Health education is largely informed by psychological theories and practices that pursue reductionist views of people learning. However, critical attention is moving to understand health in ways that reconsider relationships to context and the forms of life within which everyday living takes place. This shift is apparent in theoretical…

  3. Researching 'the Child' in Developmental Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Diane M. Hogan

    2004-01-01

    The study of 'the child' has been, for more than a century, the territory of developmental psychology. In recent decades, the hegemony of develop- mental theory and methods has been challenged by critics within the now well-established field of the sociology of childhood that has emerged primarily in Europe in the course of the last two decades (see for example,

  4. Cultural differences and inferences about psychological processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michael Cole; Jerome S. Bruner

    1971-01-01

    Discusses the inadequacy of experimental evidence and logical considerations in current theories of intellectual deficits caused by cultural deprivation. Reports on the presence or absence of competence have been based on noncomparable experimental situations. Deficit interpretations have assumed that absence of performance reflects absence of a particular psychological process. A strategy is proposed which combines usual experimental approaches with ethnographic

  5. Using History to Teach Contemporary Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beins, Bernard C.

    2011-01-01

    Gaining a perspective on the evolution of psychological concepts can show students the power of theory and societal perspective in shaping scientific ideas across time. In this article, the author uses two constructs, the broad concept of intelligence and the narrow concept of combat stress reaction, to illustrate how psychologists have grappled…

  6. TRANSPERSONAL PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Au-Deane S. Cowley; David Derezotes

    1994-01-01

    Social workers in the 1990s are facing a postmodern world, with unique practice challenges in both the micro and macro levels of practice. Because psychological services are reactive, serving the clients that come out of a particular social context, different theories have emerged over time to address the ills of the day. Many of the practice challenges for social work

  7. Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Fall 2008 AL 105 M 4 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

  8. Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Spring 2008 LS 244 T 3 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

  9. Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Fall 2008 EBA 343 Th 3 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

  10. Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Fall 2009 PS 130 MWF 9 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

  11. School Counselors and Psychological Aspects of Learning Disabilities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fahey, David A.

    1984-01-01

    Provides an overview of some of the more common psychological theories and behavioral variables associated with learning disabilities. Reviews Adlerian Rational Emotive and behavioral and hypnotherapy approaches as intervention strategies for the counselor confronted with learning disabled students. (LLL)

  12. THE IDEAL MULTIMEDIA-ENABLED CLASSROOM: PERSPECTIVES FROM PSYCHOLOGY, EDUCATION AND INFORMATION SCIENCE

    E-print Network

    Kopec, Danny

    THE IDEAL MULTIMEDIA-ENABLED CLASSROOM: PERSPECTIVES FROM PSYCHOLOGY, EDUCATION AND INFORMATION technologies such as books, magazines, radio and television. The invention of the personal computer, an influential school of psychology that dominated the psychological theory between the two world wars, takes

  13. The Educational Psychology of Self-Regulation: A Conceptual and Critical Analysis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Martin, Jack; McLellan, Ann-Marie

    2008-01-01

    The multiplicity of definitions and conceptions of self-regulation that typifies contemporary research on self-regulation in psychology and educational psychology is examined. This examination is followed by critical analyses of theory and research in educational psychology that reveal not only conceptual confusions, but misunderstandings of…

  14. Unifying Psychology and Experiential Education: Toward an Integrated Understanding of "Why" It Works

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houge Mackenzie, Susan; Son, Julie S.; Hollenhorst, Steve

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the significance of psychology to experiential education (EE) and critiques EE models that have developed in isolation from larger psychological theories and developments. Following a review of literature and current issues, select areas of psychology are explored with reference to experiential learning processes. The state…

  15. QUANTITATIVE METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Analysis of MultiplicativeCombination RulesWhen

    E-print Network

    Busemeyer, Jerome R.

    sumer psychology is Fishbein and Ajzen's Utility of each outcome, summed across (1975) model: AttitudeQUANTITATIVE METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Analysis of MultiplicativeCombination RulesWhen the Causal University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign at Indianapolis A variety of theories in psychology postulate

  16. Psychoanalysis as functionalist social science: the legacy of Freud’s ‘Project for a scientific psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. E. Braddock

    2006-01-01

    The paper links Freud’s early work in the ‘Project for a scientific psychology’ with the psychoanalytic psychology of Kleinian object relations theory now current. Freud is often accused of introducing mechanism into his psychology and installing at its core an irreconcilable dichotomy of two disparate ways of explaining human behaviour. I suggest that Freud’s early mechanistic thinking is an attempt

  17. An Evaluation of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 Using Item Response Theory: Which Items Are Most Strongly Related to Psychological Distress?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meijer, Rob R.; de Vries, Rivka M.; van Bruggen, Vincent

    2011-01-01

    The psychometric structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18; Derogatis, 2001) was investigated using Mokken scaling and parametric item response theory. Data of 487 outpatients, 266 students, and 207 prisoners were analyzed. Results of the Mokken analysis indicated that the BSI-18 formed a strong Mokken scale for outpatients and…

  18. The concept and treatment of psychological trauma

    PubMed Central

    Kudler, Harold

    2014-01-01

    Despite a large and rapidly expanding literature on psychological trauma, many fundamental questions remain about its basic nature: Is it a psychological problem or a biological one?; Is it a past event somehow stuck in the present or is it something new which has been triggered and shaped by that event?; Does it reside only within the patient or does it live between the patient and other people (including within the therapeutic relationship)? This presentation will review the history of the concept of psychological trauma and explore the theoretical bases for current evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD, each of which will be shown to describe psychological trauma as a problem in bringing the past and the present together in memory and cognition. These theories primarily differ on the question of whether a traumatic memory becomes pathogenic, because it cannot be biologically processed or because it must be psychologically avoided. Psychoanalytic concepts of transference and countertransference will be shown to be of practical importance regardless of the type of treatment chosen. If researchers and clinicians can build on what they hold in common rather than become divided by their differences, we can improve our ability to understand and alleviate the effects of psychological trauma. PMID:25511719

  19. Computer technology-cognitive psychology interface and science performance assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David D. Kumar; Stanley L. Helgeson; Arthur L. White

    1994-01-01

    The emerging interface between computer technology and cognitive psychology for performance assessment in science education\\u000a is explored. Cognitive theories of learning offer promises to transform computer technology from a test administration tool\\u000a into a process assessment tool, and computer technology offers a medium for studying the cognitive processes of learning.\\u000a Interface theories and interface technologies are briefly discussed. The technology-psychology

  20. The Psychology of Dilemmas and the Philosophy of Morality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Fiery Cushman; Liane Young

    2009-01-01

    We review several instances where cognitive research has identified distinct psychological mechanisms for moral judgment that\\u000a yield conflicting answers to moral dilemmas. In each of these cases, the conflict between psychological mechanisms is paralleled\\u000a by prominent philosophical debates between different moral theories. A parsimonious account of this data is that key claims\\u000a supporting different moral theories ultimately derive from the

  1. From computers to cultivation: reconceptualizing evolutionary psychology

    PubMed Central

    Barrett, Louise; Pollet, Thomas V.; Stulp, Gert

    2014-01-01

    Does evolutionary theorizing have a role in psychology? This is a more contentious issue than one might imagine, given that, as evolved creatures, the answer must surely be yes. The contested nature of evolutionary psychology lies not in our status as evolved beings, but in the extent to which evolutionary ideas add value to studies of human behavior, and the rigor with which these ideas are tested. This, in turn, is linked to the framework in which particular evolutionary ideas are situated. While the framing of the current research topic places the brain-as-computer metaphor in opposition to evolutionary psychology, the most prominent school of thought in this field (born out of cognitive psychology, and often known as the Santa Barbara school) is entirely wedded to the computational theory of mind as an explanatory framework. Its unique aspect is to argue that the mind consists of a large number of functionally specialized (i.e., domain-specific) computational mechanisms, or modules (the massive modularity hypothesis). Far from offering an alternative to, or an improvement on, the current perspective, we argue that evolutionary psychology is a mainstream computational theory, and that its arguments for domain-specificity often rest on shaky premises. We then go on to suggest that the various forms of e-cognition (i.e., embodied, embedded, enactive) represent a true alternative to standard computational approaches, with an emphasis on “cognitive integration” or the “extended mind hypothesis” in particular. We feel this offers the most promise for human psychology because it incorporates the social and historical processes that are crucial to human “mind-making” within an evolutionarily informed framework. In addition to linking to other research areas in psychology, this approach is more likely to form productive links to other disciplines within the social sciences, not least by encouraging a healthy pluralism in approach. PMID:25161633

  2. http://pps.sagepub.com/ Perspectives on Psychological

    E-print Network

    Wixted, John T.

    on Psychological Science John T. Wixted and Laura Mickes On the Relationship Between fMRI and Theories of Cognition? In this article, we address that question as well as a related question: What can theories of cognition contribute the guidance of a cognitive theory? Both questions are worth asking because the arrow between the blood- oxygen

  3. ucationchange plied psychology

    E-print Network

    Sokolowski, Marla

    ucationchange explore plied psychology invent GOBEYOND Teaching and Learning HigHer education;Teacher education encourage change GROW explore plied psychologyAP build communities invent OPENDOORS education and human development. Since 2004, OISE faculty have published more than 400 books and 2

  4. American Psychological Association Dues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Charles R. Kelley

    1967-01-01

    This commentary criticizes the recent American Psychological Association dues increase. APA is obviously two things, a scientific organization and a psychologist's union. While the author wishes to support the national scientific organization in psychology, he is opposed to almost all of the activities of the psychologist's union, including certification, standardization of training for psychologists, \\

  5. Spirituality and depth psychology.

    PubMed

    Erickson, R C

    1987-09-01

    The resurgence of interest in spiritual and religious matters and in the depth psychology of C.G. Jung is examined relative to the work of spiritual direction and pastoral counseling. It is suggested that the risks of muddled thinking, narcissism, gnosticism, and credulity are increased when one attempts to combine spiritual disciplines with depth psychology. PMID:24302033

  6. Gender and Psychological Distress.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cook, Ellen Piel

    1990-01-01

    Contends that, to understand role of gender in psychological problems, counselors need to be aware of gender-socialized individual characteristics, which may affect what psychological problems people develop, associated symptoms, and how people respond to problems. Claims it is important to recognize how broader sociological context presents men…

  7. Psychologism and Instructional Technology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gur, Bekir S.; Wiley, David A.

    2009-01-01

    Little of the work in critical and hermeneutical psychology has been linked to instructional technology (IT). This article provides a discussion in order to fill the gap in this direction. The article presents a brief genealogy of American IT in relation to the influence of psychology. It also provides a critical and hermeneutical framework for…

  8. Genetics and Developmental Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Plomin, Robert

    2004-01-01

    One of the major changes in developmental psychology during the past 50 years has been the acceptance of the important role of nature (genetics) as well as nurture (environment). Past research consisting of twin and adoption studies has shown that genetic influence is substantial for most domains of developmental psychology. Present research…

  9. Psychology, metapsychology, and psychoanalysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul L. Wachtel

    1969-01-01

    Argues that both purposive and causal perspectives on behavior are essential to a mature psychology. Focus upon the meaning of behavior may be an efficient strategy for using psychoanalytic data but, for other data, process descriptions often seem more useful. It is concluded that the lack of measures in psychology quantifiable on an interval scale prevents energy constructs from having

  10. Older Adult Psychological Assessment

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barry A. Edelstein; Erin L. Woodhead; Daniel L. Segal; Marnin J. Heisel; Emily H. Bower; Angela J. Lowery; Sarah A. Stoner

    2007-01-01

    The psychological assessment of older adults is often challenging due to the frequent co-morbidity of mental and physical health problems, multiple medications, interactions among medications, age-related sensory and cognitive deficits, and the paucity of assessment instruments with psychometric support for use with older adults. First, psychological assessment instruments for examining five important clinical areas (suicide ideation, sleep disorders, anxiety, depression,

  11. Psychological Dynamics of Sport.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gill, Diane L.

    This book provides a comprehensive review of the branch of sport and exercise science that focuses on the psychological aspects of human behavior. Part I presents a general orientation to the field, including an introduction and description of sport psychology and a discussion of the history and current status of the field. Individual differences…

  12. Transpersonal Psychology in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Thomas Bradford; Clark, Frances Vaughan

    The introduction to this booklet states that transpersonal psychology focuses attention on the human capacity for self-transcendence as well as self-realization, and is concerned with the optimum development of consciousness. This booklet attempts to illustrate the value of this psychology in education, not as a complete substitute for traditional…

  13. Historiography of Czech psychology.

    PubMed

    Hoskovcová, Simona; Hoskovec, Jirí; Plháková, Alena; Sebek, Michael; Svancara, Josef; Voboril, Dalibor

    2010-08-01

    The paper is aimed at presenting the development of the Czech historiography of psychology, which was strongly influenced by the political changes in Central and Eastern Europe. The authors deal with the historiography of psychology at the three universities offering an undergraduate program in psychology, located in Prague, Brno, and Olomouc, and at the Institute of Psychology of the Czech Academy of Sciences. Recent research, teaching, textbooks, and journal articles published in Czech and in foreign languages are showcased. The historiography of Czech psychotherapy is mentioned as a special thematic development. Contemporary problems and perspectives in the field of the history of psychology in the Czech Republic are discussed, sources of information are given. PMID:20977003

  14. Theory and Methods of a Representational Approach to Understanding Social Movements: The Role of the EDSA Revolution in a National Psychology of Protest for the Philippines

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James H. Liu; Cecilia Gastardo-Conaco

    2011-01-01

    Three studies used the symbolic theory of history and identity to examine the impact of social representations of the 1986\\u000a EDSA I “People Power” revolution on participation in subsequent protest social movements in the Philippines. Study 1 found\\u000a that in 4 state universities scattered across the archipelago of the Philippines, the first EDSA revolution was nominated\\u000a as the most important

  15. DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology Colorado State University Approved May 13, 2009 #12........................................................................... 3 II. Mission of the Department of Psychology

  16. Four Social Psychological Lenses for Developmental Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zittoun, Tania; Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly

    2009-01-01

    How can the advances of social and developmental psychology be integrated? This conceptual paper proposes to examine four basic theoretical models of social situations through which learning and development have been observed in the post-piagetian tradition: the psychosocial triangle, the frame, models of transfer and transitions, and models…

  17. American Psychological Association Division 20 Undergraduate Syllabi

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Compiled by the American Psychological Association (APA) Adult Development and Aging division, this site contains twenty-six syllabi from undergraduate courses taught throughout the United States. Course topics include theory and research in adult development, the psychology of aging, and gerontology. The syllabi contain course descriptions, reading lists, assignments, and project descriptions. Helpful for those who teach adult development and aging courses at the undergraduate level, this site can be used in order to keep abreast of what peers are teaching their students, the methods of student learning evaluation they employ, and what literature is being discussed.

  18. Topological approach of Jungian psychology.

    PubMed

    Viret, Jacques

    2010-09-01

    In this work, we compare two global approaches which are usually considered as completely unconnected one with the other. The former is Thom's topology and the latter is Jung's psychology. More precisely, it seemed to us interesting to adapt some morphologies of Thom's catastrophe theory to some Jung's notions. Thus, we showed that the swallowtail, which is one of these morphologies, was able to describe geometrically the structural organisation of the psyche according to Jung, with its collective unconscious, personal unconscious and conscious. Moreover, we have correlated this morphology with Jung's evolutive processes like individualization and individuation. These comparisons incited us to think that some morphologies of Thom's catastrophe theory are the geometrical dealing of Jung's archetypes. PMID:20658172

  19. Optimum Transfer Guide: Psychology Why Psychology at Texas Tech?

    E-print Network

    Gelfond, Michael

    is an affili- ate of the American Psychological Asso- ciation (APA) and the Association for Psychological by the American Psychological Associa- tion, and our masters and doctoral pro- grams in Social Psychology, the National Science Foundation, and the American Association for the Ad- vancement of Science recommend all un

  20. Counseling psychology in behavioral medicine and health psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Judith A. Klippel; David M. DeJoy

    1984-01-01

    Counseling psychology can make a contribution to the newly emerging fields of health-related behavioral science, but the nature of that contribution will depend on counseling psychology's willingness to develop new perspectives and practices. The present authors compare 2 of these health orientations, behavioral medicine and health psychology, in an effort to establish counseling psychology's relationship with either of these approaches.

  1. Predicting Students' Performance in Introductory Psychology from their Psychology Misconceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kuhle, Barry X.; Barber, Jessica M.; Bristol, Adam S.

    2009-01-01

    Students bring many misconceptions about psychology to the introductory psychology course. We investigated whether scores on a 10-item Knowledge of Psychology Test (adapted from Vaughan, 1977) taken on the first class day were related to final class grades in 11 introductory psychology classes taught by the same instructor at three colleges. A…

  2. Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology

    E-print Network

    Dresden, Gregory

    232 Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology Prerequisite: Permission,inpart,bystudentdemand.Mayberepeated fordegreecreditwithpermissionandifthetopicsare different.Staff. Psychology 403 (3)--Directed Individual Study Prerequisites: Six credits in psychology, junior stand- ing, and permission of the head of the department

  3. The Department of Psychology A Path into Clinical Psychology

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    The Department of Psychology Presents A Path into Clinical Psychology Tuesday, March 18, 2014 5:30 PM ­ 7:00 PM Room 118 Psychology Building This program will provide you insights from graduate students and faculty in the field of clinical psychology. Panel experts will discuss the following: What

  4. Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Kulp, Mark

    Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology University of New Orleans College of Sciences New Orleans, LA With a Ph.D. in Applied Developmental Psychology from professional psychological services. Graduates from our program are currently in academic positions in higher

  5. Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University

    E-print Network

    Hardy, Christopher R.

    10/2009 Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University "Getting to Know Your District" Student's Name Practicum Site Practicum Supervisor Section 1: 1. What psychological is the ratio of student/psychologist? 5. Who is in charge of Psychological Services? 6. Do School Psychologists

  6. Faculty of Biosciences, Pharmacy and Psychology Institute of Psychology I

    E-print Network

    Schüler, Axel

    ,,Function of Attention in Cognition" University of Leipzig Institute of Psychology I Seeburgstraße 14 for this position holds a degree in Psychology, Cognitive Neuroscience, Neurobiology or Neurolinguistics and hasFaculty of Biosciences, Pharmacy and Psychology Institute of Psychology I Research Training Group

  7. School of Natural Sciences & Psychology Research Seminars in Psychology

    E-print Network

    Brown, Richard

    into food allergy: how health psychology is helping patients and their families. #12;School of Natural Sciences & Psychology Research Seminars in Psychology Semester One, 2014 ­ 15 All Wednesday 22nd October Dr Marie-Josephe Tainturier School of Psychology, Bangor University. TBC Wednesday 5

  8. Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology

    E-print Network

    Burton, Geoffrey R.

    Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Programme information #12;www.bath.ac.uk/psychology/clinical #12;Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Introduction and overview from the Programme Director As the most recently established Doctorate in Clinical Psychology the Bath team has combined well

  9. Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology We are one of the UK's strongest Psychology as being `internationally excellent', third in the UK. Head of School of Psychology Create impact. #12;Contents Why study Psychology? 3 Our school 3 Our programmes 4 The third year 5 MSci opportunities 6 How

  10. Positive organizational psychology in sport

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Robert David Wagstaff; David Fletcher; Sheldon Hanton

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review the literature relating to the positive aspects of organizational psychology research in sport. To this end, the narrative is divided into three main sections. The first section defines and delimits relevant concepts, including organizational psychology, positive psychology and positive organizing. The second section presents the background to positive organizational psychology in sport

  11. Positive organizational psychology in sport

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher Robert David Wagstaff; David Fletcher; Sheldon Hanton

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review the literature relating to the positive aspects of organizational psychology research in sport. To this end, the narrative is divided into three main sections. The first section defines and delimits relevant concepts, including organizational psychology, positive psychology and positive organizing. The second section presents the background to positive organizational psychology in sport

  12. Tufts University Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Patel, Aniruddh D.

    , and social psychology with an emphasis on social cognition. The program has components designed for bothTufts University Department of Psychology Graduate Program Information 490 Boston Ave. Medford, MA PSYCHOLOGY THE DEPARTMENT The graduate program in Experimental Psychology at Tufts University provides

  13. TUFTS UNIVERSITY Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Patel, Aniruddh D.

    DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY The Psychology Department at Tufts University is seeking applicants at the assistant professor level for a tenure-track position in Cognitive Developmental Psychology to begin September, 2014TUFTS UNIVERSITY Department of Psychology FACULTY POSITION: ASSISTANT PROFESSOR OF COGNITIVE

  14. Operational Psychology Perspective

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Holland, Al

    2009-01-01

    This slide presentation reviews the history of long duration spaceflight, and the changes in the International Space Station crew and the effect that this has had on the psychology of astronaut selection and training.

  15. [Psychological consequences of obesity].

    PubMed

    Müller, Roland

    2013-02-01

    Overweight and obesity is associated with a broad variety of stigmatization and discrimination in every day live. Obese people have more difficulties in finding a job, have a lower income, and are less often seen in leadership positions. In society, responsibility for the weight situation in seen as lying by the individuals affected altogether, leading to chronic stress, problems with self esteem and perception of loss of control. As a consequence, there is an increased risk for developing serious psychological problems such as affective and anxiety disorders. As a reaction, coping strategies to deal with the psychological pressure such as dysfunctional eating behavior, binge eating and physical inactivity are used. Females, people belonging to another ethnic or social minority, adolescents and people with eating disorders are considered at increased risk of psychological distress. Psychological vulnerabilities and the consequences of stigmatization need to be considered. Moreover, perceived behavioral control and self esteem are key aspects of to be addressed on the treatment. PMID:23385186

  16. Toward Clarity in Augmented Cognition Theory and Research: Cognitive and Physiological States and Processes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mark E. Koltko-Rivera

    Augmented Cognition researchers have much to gain from critiques situated within the philosophy of psychology, theoretical psychology, and 'general' (i.e., unified) psychology. A legitimate theory of Augmented Cognition would help guide research; to say simply that \\

  17. Student Psychology Society 

    E-print Network

    Unknown

    2011-08-17

    for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1978 Major Subject: Psychology PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE SPECIFICITY TO INDUCED STRESS AS PREDICTED BY PERCEPTUAL AND EXPECTANCY STYLE A Thesis by RODNEY DON WILLIAMS Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman... special thinks to Dr. A. E. Bourgeois my committee chairman for his excellent professional advice and guidance. His assistance and ex- perience in psychological research was indeed a valuable asset to my success in the effort. Also to Dr. C. J . Martin...

  18. The Rhetoric of Psychological Research and the Problem of Unification in Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katzko, Michael W.

    2002-01-01

    There has been in the field of psychology a long and well-documented discontent with an apparent disorganization in its literature, most often interpreted as reflecting the absence of a unifying theory. This article examines some alternative ways in which some of the disorganization is being actively created by forms of argumentation used in…

  19. Social Psychology and Counseling Psychology: The History, Products, and Promise of an Interface

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stanley R. Strong; Josephine A. Welsh; Jean L. Corcoran; William T. Hoyt

    1992-01-01

    For 3 decades, counseling psychologists have drawn ideas from social psychology about the social process of counseling, integrated the ideas into counseling theories, and assessed them in research. This article traces the history of this interface, examines its products, and projects its future. Three propositions have guided and have been supported by much of the research: (a) Successful counseling relationships

  20. Acculturative Strategies and the Psychological Adaptation of Brazilian Migrants to Japan

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Krista Maywalt Scottham; Rodrigo Hitoshi Dias

    2010-01-01

    Acculturative theory proposes 4 psychological strategies available to immigrants: integration, assimilation, separation, and marginalization (J. W. Berry, 1997). Theory and research link positive psychological outcomes with integration; however, this work has largely focused on Western multicultural societies. The present study uses online techniques to gather acculturative information from 321 Brazilian immigrants to Japan to address this oversight. Using k-means and

  1. The Lack of Representation of Educational Psychology and School Psychology in Introductory Psychology Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lucas, Jennifer L.; Blazek, Melissa A.; Raley, Amber B.; Washington, Christi

    2005-01-01

    The first goal of this study was to look at the representation of educational and school psychology in introductory psychology textbooks. Research into the representation of other sub-fields of psychology has been conducted but no research has looked specifically at educational or school psychology. The second goal was to compare the…

  2. Psychometric Theory

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. C. Nunnally

    1978-01-01

    The classic text is Psychometric Theory. Like the previous edition, this text is designed as a comprehensive text in measurement for researchers and for use in graduate courses in psychology, education and areas of business such as management and marketing. It is intended to consider the broad measurement problems that arise in these areas and is written for a reader

  3. Leadership of Education Psychological Services: Fit for Purpose?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Booker, Roger

    2013-01-01

    At a time of great change for educational psychology services in England, this paper reviews current theories of leadership and proposes how an integration of key aspects of these can be applied to support a self review of leadership practice, both by individual leaders and by services. The message from current theory is that in the midst of…

  4. PSYCHOLOGY 478/578 SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT FALL 2010

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    PSYCHOLOGY 478/578 SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ­ FALL 2010 Dr. Jennifer Pfeifer 393 Straub ­ no phone calls developmental change in phenomena like attachment to parents, emotion regulation, peer relationships, self understand the context of the question, and/or talk about the theory(s) that guide the research. After

  5. PSYCHOLOGY 478/578 SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT SPRING 2010

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    PSYCHOLOGY 478/578 SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT ­ SPRING 2010 Dr. Jennifer Pfeifer 393 Straub ­ no phone developmental change in phenomena like attachment to parents, peer relationships, self-understanding, and social understand the context of the question, and talk about the theory(s) that guide the research. After building

  6. Psychological ReviewJ Copyright 1977 C_? by the American Psychological Association, Inc. V O L U M E 84 N U M B E R 4 J U L Y 1977

    E-print Network

    Coulson, Seana

    Psychological ReviewJ Copyright © 1977 C_? by the American Psychological Association, Inc. V O L U, the concept of similarity jects under study. is ubiquitous in psychological theory. It under- The theoretical in nature, objects, communality between associations, although some (e.g., hierarchical clustering) yield

  7. Toward a Caribbean psychology: an African-centered approach.

    PubMed

    Sutherland, Marcia Elizabeth

    2011-01-01

    Although the Americas and Caribbean region are purported to comprise different ethnic groups, this article’s focus is on people of African descent, who represent the largest ethnic group in many countries. The emphasis on people of African descent is related to their family structure, ethnic identity, cultural, psychohistorical, and contemporary psychosocial realities. This article discusses the limitations of Western psychology for theory, research, and applied work on people of African descent in the Americas and Caribbean region. In view of the adaptations that some people of African descent have made to slavery, colonialism, and more contemporary forms of cultural intrusions, it is argued that when necessary, notwithstanding Western psychology’s limitations, Caribbean psychologists should reconstruct mainstream psychology to address the psychological needs of these Caribbean people. The relationship between theory and psychological interventions for the optimal development of people of African descent is emphasized throughout this article. In this regard, the African-centered and constructionist viewpoint is argued to be of utility in addressing the psychological growth and development of people of African descent living in the Americas and Caribbean region. PMID:22013618

  8. American Psychological Society: Teaching Resources

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Teachers of psychology looking for high-quality resources to augment their students' classroom experience need look no further than this collection of online materials. Compiled by the American Psychological Society, the links are divided into topical sections that include health psychology, statistics, clinical psychology, research methods, and a dozen other topics. Visitors to the site will find links that lead to course materials for an introductory class on physiological psychology and a set of materials on educational psychology from Miami University. Finally, the site is rounded out by a very extensive section on statistics, including links to several online statistics glossaries and calculators.

  9. The impact of computers on cognitive psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Doris Aaronson; Edward Grupsmith; May Aaronson

    1976-01-01

    Computer developments and their applications in cognitive psychology are reviewed. Examples from recent studies illustrate\\u000a the ways that computers are used for different research purposes: stimulus generation, on-line interactive experimental control,\\u000a response collection, data analysis, and theory building. A quantitative analysis of federal funding for computer-based and\\u000a noncomputer research compares costs over the past 9 years for the areas of

  10. 213Neuroscience/Philosophy Psychology 250--Research Design and Analysis

    E-print Network

    Dresden, Gregory

    213Neuroscience/Philosophy Psychology 250--Research Design and Analysis Psychology 252--Sensation Measurement and Perception Psychology 253-- Neural Mechanisms of Motivated Behaviors Psychology 254--Attention and Memory Psychology 255--Cognitive Neuroscience Psychology 257--Psychobiology of Development Psychology 258

  11. Emotional and Psychological Well-Being in Children: The Development and Validation of the Stirling Children's Well-Being Scale

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liddle, Ian; Carter, Greg F. A.

    2015-01-01

    The Stirling Children's Well-being Scale (SCWBS) was developed by the Stirling Council Educational Psychology Service (UK) as a holistic, positively worded measure of emotional and psychological well-being in children aged eight to 15 years. Drawing on current theories of well-being and Positive Psychology, the aim was to provide a means of…

  12. Psychology is a science that seeks to understand and explain thoughts, emotions and behavior. There are many

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    Psychology is a science that seeks to understand and explain thoughts, emotions and behavior. There are many specialties within the field of psychology and there are two different general approaches. Some individuals in psychology do experiments and theorize, while others focus on applying theory to real

  13. Encoding Psychological Knowledge \\Lambda A widely accepted philosophical view has it that our grasp of the psycho

    E-print Network

    Pratt-Hartmann, Ian

    psychological states, and I shall claim that such knowl­ edge arises through processes of observationEncoding Psychological Knowledge \\Lambda Ian Pratt Abstract A widely accepted philosophical view--- specifically, a theory consisting of that body of commonsense knowledge which David Lewis calls folk psychology

  14. Interpersonal aggression and burnout: the mediating role of psychological climate.

    PubMed

    Bedi, Akanksha; Courcy, Francois; Paquet, Maxime; Harvey, Steve

    2013-12-01

    Using the theoretical perspectives offered by stressor-stress-strain framework and fairness theory, the authors propose that psychological climate will mediate the positive relationship between interpersonal aggression and employee burnout. Data from a survey of 1893 hospital employees suggested that psychological climate partially mediated the relationship between interpersonal aggression and two of the three dimensions of burnout, emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. The theoretical and practical implications of these findings and directions for future research are discussed. PMID:23225579

  15. ODD (observation- and description-deprived) psychological research.

    PubMed

    Rai, Tage S; Fiske, Alan

    2010-06-01

    Most psychological research consists of experiments that put people in artificial situations that elicit unnatural behavior whose ecological validity is unknown. Without knowing the psychocultural meaning of experimental situations, we cannot interpret the responses of WEIRD people, let alone people in other cultures. Psychology, like other sciences, needs to be solidly rooted in naturalistic observation and description of people around the world. Theory should be inductively developed and tested against real-world behavior. PMID:20546657

  16. Counseling Psychology in Behavioral Medicine and Health Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Klippel, Judith A.; DeJoy, David M.

    1984-01-01

    Compares behavioral medicine and health psychology to establish counseling psychology's relationship with these approaches. Surveys three areas of training and application that the current research suggests will offer opportunities for meaningful participation by counseling psychologists. (JAC)

  17. Psychology 350A: The Psychology of Human Sexuality Section 901

    E-print Network

    Handy, Todd C.

    include: · a brief history · sex education · anatomy, physiology, and sexual identity and orientation · atypical sexual preferences · commercial sex The course Psychology 350A: The Psychology of Human Sexuality Section 901

  18. Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology Spring 2012

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    is by Privitera (2012), Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences. You should have alsoPsychology 302 ­ Statistical Methods in Psychology Spring 2012 of a research study and then identify the appropriate statistical technique needed

  19. PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE What is a psychological crisis?

    E-print Network

    Fernandez, Eduardo

    PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE ABUSE What is a psychological crisis? This occurs when an individual CRIMINAL OR VIOLENT BEHAVIOR SECTION #12;3 SUBSTANCE ABUSE What do I need to know about substance abuse

  20. Monitor on Psychology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Professional psychologists and students of psychology have many places to look for information about their field, but the American Psychological Association's "Monitor on Psychology" magazine is certainly one that should be perused on a regular basis. This happens to be the magazine's site, and visitors can look at full-length articles from the monthly publication, along with letters to the editor, the president's column, and news from the Association. To give potential parties a sense of the contents of this fine publication, recent articles have looked at opportunities for psychologists to become part of the "group doctoring" movement and in-depth investigations into the role that psychologists play during wartime. Visitors may also wish to look through the online archive, which stretches back to February 1999.

  1. Psychological Factors in Asthma

    PubMed Central

    2008-01-01

    Asthma has long been considered a condition in which psychological factors have a role. As in many illnesses, psychological variables may affect outcome in asthma via their effects on treatment adherence and symptom reporting. Emerging evidence suggests that the relation between asthma and psychological factors may be more complex than that, however. Central cognitive processes may influence not only the interpretation of asthma symptoms but also the manifestation of measurable changes in immune and physiologic markers of asthma. Furthermore, asthma and major depressive disorder share several risk factors and have similar patterns of dysregulation in key biologic systems, including the neuroendocrine stress response, cytokines, and neuropeptides. Despite the evidence that depression is common in people with asthma and exerts a negative impact on outcome, few treatment studies have examined whether improving symptoms of depression do, in fact, result in better control of asthma symptoms or improved quality of life in patients with asthma. PMID:20525122

  2. Studying Psychology at Cambridge Psychological and Behavioural Sciences (C800 BA/PBS)

    E-print Network

    Steiner, Ullrich

    to Computer Science Modern Societies Social Anthropology Cognitive Neuroscience Psychology & Social Issues and Cognitive Psychology plus two optional papers. Experimental Psychology, a research project, plus oneStudying Psychology at Cambridge Psychological and Behavioural Sciences (C800 BA

  3. Introduction to Psychology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Dewey, Russell A.

    2007-09-03

    Psychology is a vast and complex area of inquiry, and students entering the field may be confounded by the number of subfields within the discipline. Professor Russell A. Dewey of Georgia Southern University has created this fine online introductory textbook that covers everything from states of consciousness to social psychology. The online text includes sixteen chapters, and each chapter contains a number of parts that break each topic into smaller subtopics. The text is well-written and it draws on a number of examples and well-known experiments that will keep readers engaged. The site is rounded out by the inclusion of Professor Dewey's contact information and links to additional resources.

  4. [Manuel Azaña and psychology].

    PubMed

    Bandrés, Javier; Llavona, Rafael

    2010-08-01

    Manuel Azaña (1880-1940) was President of the II Spanish Republic and one of the most influential intellectuals of the Republican culture. His doctoral thesis addressed some of the social psychology problems of his time regarding the issue of the legal responsibility of the masses. Azaña also showed interest in psychology during his time as a grantee in Paris and he became a close friend of two of the most influential Spanish psychologists: Luis Simarro y Gonzalo Rodríguez Lafora. Azaña's biography reflects the rise of Spanish psychologists of the early 20th century and their tragic dispersion at the end of the Spanish Civil War. PMID:20667277

  5. Psychological essentialism in children.

    PubMed

    Gelman, Susan A

    2004-09-01

    Psychological essentialism is the idea that certain categories, such as "lion" or "female", have an underlying reality that cannot be observed directly. Where does this idea come from? This article reviews recent evidence suggesting that psychological essentialism is an early cognitive bias. Young children look beyond the obvious in many converging ways: when learning words, generalizing knowledge to new category members, reasoning about the insides of things, contemplating the role of nature versus nurture, and constructing causal explanations. These findings argue against the standard view of children as concrete thinkers, instead claiming that children have an early tendency to search for hidden, non-obvious features. PMID:15350241

  6. Gender and Psychological Essentialism

    PubMed Central

    Heyman, Gail D.; Giles, Jessica W.

    2010-01-01

    SUMMARY When individuals reason in an essentialist way about social categories, they assume that group differences reflect inherently different natures (Gelman, 2003; Rothbart & Taylor, 1992). This paper describes the psychological and social implications of essentialist beliefs, and examines the extent to which children exhibit psychological essentialism when reasoning about gender. The authors discuss reasons young children as well as older children show essentialist reasoning in some contexts, but not in others. Finally, the authors suggest directions for future research, and discuss a primary challenge to many working in this field: reduction of rigid gender beliefs. PMID:21528097

  7. Ethnic Minority Psychological Associations: Connections to Counseling Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Delgado-Romero, Edward A.; Forrest, Linda; Lau, Michael Y.

    2012-01-01

    This article provides the introduction, background and rationale for the Major Contribution focused on five national ethnic minority psychological associations: the Asian American Psychological Association, The Association of Black Psychologists, the National Latina/o Psychological Association, the Society of Indian Psychologists, and the Society…

  8. Broadening the Boundaries of Psychology through Community Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kagan, Carolyn

    2008-01-01

    This paper argues for community psychology to be included within the discipline boundaries of psychology. In doing this, it will enable psychology to begin to address some of the large scale social issues affecting people's well-being. It will be necessary, however, to incorporate aspects of other disciplines, make explicit the political…

  9. Psychology of Sport & Exercise Psychology of Sport & Exercise

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Psychology of Sport & Exercise Psychology of Sport & Exercise hal-00947437,version1-16Feb2014 Author manuscript, published in "Psychology of Sport and Exercise 14, 2 (2013) 136-144" DOI : 10.1016/j and gender roles in sport and exercise Past studies are mostly based on the models of Bem (1981) and Eccles

  10. Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement

    E-print Network

    10/2011 Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement Instructions 1) Student completes Part advisor's signature. 4) Once the form is signed, submit form to Psychology Department, EP 301 to clear

  11. Advisor Record School Psychology Program

    E-print Network

    Hardy, Christopher R.

    Advisor Record School Psychology Program Millersville University (64 s.h.) Name (3) _____ _______________ PSYC 612: Research Design and Statistics (3) _____ _______________ PSYC 600: Seminar in School Psychology (3) _____ _______________ Skills I: Core (6) Passing Grades; M.S. PSYC 630

  12. HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES (HDPS) CURRICULUM

    E-print Network

    Shahriar, Selim

    psychology, and human development. It also draws on the disciplines of psychology, sociology, gender studiesHUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES (HDPS) CURRICULUM The Human Development and Psychological Services concentration explores how human development is influenced by family, schools, community

  13. COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY

    E-print Network

    Bermúdez, José Luis

    COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Office Zuleika Carrasco ­ Senior Academic Advisor II Jennifer Fleming ­ Senior Academic Advisor I http://psychology.tamu.edu Program Honors in Psychology The Psychology Honors Program provides individual instruction and advanced

  14. Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology

    E-print Network

    Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology Applied Social Psychology Program Department of Psychology Colorado State University Job Description and Qualifications The Department of Psychology at Colorado State University invites applications for one tenure- track position in Applied Social

  15. Graduates of 2001 Jenny L. Alindogan ---Psychology

    E-print Network

    Graduates of 2001 Jenny L. Alindogan --- Psychology Traci M. Anderson --- Dental Hygiene Brian H --- Psychology Kristin Bentivogli --- Pyschology Amy Bierowski Bowles --- Psychology Jonathan R. Briggs --- Psychology Michelle R. Broyles --- Dental Hygiene Christopher Burri --- Biology Justin G. Castagne

  16. Welcome to prospective Psychology concentrators Dan Osherson

    E-print Network

    Osherson, Daniel

    Princeton focuses on three broad areas of Psychology Cognition / Perception Social / Personality / Clinical Princeton focuses on three broad areas of Psychology Cognition / Perception Social / Personality / Clinical concentration in Psychology Princeton focuses on three broad areas of Psychology Cognition / Perception Social

  17. Reflections on Activity Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bakhurst, David

    2009-01-01

    It is sometimes suggested that activity theory represents the most important legacy of Soviet philosophy and psychology. But what exactly "is" activity theory? The canonical account in the West is given by Engestrom, who identifies three stages in the theory's development: from Vygotsky's insights, through Leontiev's articulation of the…

  18. Whither Social Theory?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

    2014-01-01

    What is the place of social theory in mathematics education research, and what is it for? This special issue of "Educational Studies in Mathematics" offers insights on what could be the role of some sociological theories in a field that has historically privileged learning theories coming from psychology and mathematics as the main…

  19. Industrial and Organizational Psychology Doctoral Program Handbook

    E-print Network

    Wu, Shin-Tson

    Industrial and Organizational Psychology Doctoral Program Handbook University of Central Florida...............................................................23 B. Satisfactory Academic Performance Psychology. U

  20. Assumptions Underlying Psychological Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Newland, T. Ernest

    1973-01-01

    Error in assessing learning aptitude inheres much more in the users of the tests than in the tests themselves. Assumptions fundamental to such assessment are considered. It is particularly important that the tester constantly be sensitive to the nature of the relaionship between the psychological demands of test items or tests and the learning…

  1. Psychology behind optimal performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gurpreet Kaur; R R Kotwal; Soumi Awasthy

    2010-01-01

    Human behaviour is studied across a wide range of people from the emotionally disturbed to the healthy. Study of human behaviour helps to break through the mental barriers, facilitating the performance and enhancing consistency of performance. Psychology has traditionally been identified and studied as a trilogy of the mind: cognition, affect and conation. Cognition refers to concentration, attention, alertness, focus

  2. Psychologically Correct Race Baiting?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Kenneth R.; Wubbolding, Robert E.; Jackson, Morris L.

    2005-01-01

    It is commonplace these days for those with axes to grind to hijack the organs of professional associations with diatribes on pet issues. When the American Psychological Association bestowed one of its most prestigious awards recently, the recipient launched into vitriol about past and continuing mistreatment of minorities to a degree that moved…

  3. The psychology of sex

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Helen Thompson Woolley

    1914-01-01

    Reviews 88 publications of studies on psychology of sex (1910-1914). Sex differences have been investigated for the following: heredity; physical development; motor ability; sensation and perception; memory; the effect of drill; association; attention; judgment and reasoning; general intelligence; affective processes, tastes and ideals; creative ability in art and letters; suggestibility; and variability. According to some, sex differences are most marked

  4. Cognitive psychology as ideology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Edward E. Sampson

    1981-01-01

    Presents a critical analysis of some of the major work in cognitive social, personality, and developmental psychology. It is argued that cognitivism, by virtue of the primacy it gives to the individual knower, to subjective determinants of behavior, and to formal cognitive operations, represents a set of values and interests that reproduce and reaffirm the existing nature of the social

  5. 'Hirsutism': a psychological analysis.

    PubMed

    Keegan, Anna; Liao, Lih-Mei; Boyle, Mary

    2003-05-01

    Hirsutism, i.e. 'excess' body hair in the 'male' distribution, is a medical term applied only to women. Although associated with social and psychological difficulties including anxiety, social avoidance and a confusion of gender identity and although it raises important gender issues, there has been little systematic study. No prior research has focussed on the relationship between women's perceived degree of hirsutism and psychological distress. A survey of 53 women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), which often produces 'excess' hair growth, was carried out to assess any psychological consequences of perceived hirsutism. Results indicated raised levels of psychological distress overall, but no significant relationships between perceived hirsutism and distress. Four semi-structured interviews were then conducted to facilitate more in-depth exploration of hirsute women's experience. Analysis suggested idealized cultural norms for hair growth prevail and excess hair growth contributes to gender inconsistencies and feelings of deviance and stigma. Effective concealment of hair growth and 'passing' for normal appear to facilitate relatively high levels of functioning and allows idealized cultural norms to be maintained. PMID:14670212

  6. Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333

    E-print Network

    Gallo, Linda C.

    psychological disorders of children and adolescents 4. Define "evidence-based treatment" in youth mental health in this course, as additional scientific data is published in the youth mental health literature. Any changes syllabus ­ page 1 of 6 #12;Handouts and review articles will be used occasionally to supplement textbook

  7. Psychology of testimony

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guy Montrose Whipple

    1915-01-01

    Reviews 8 papers on the psychology of testimony, reported in 1914-1915. V. Benussi showed that the results of the pneumograph were infallible when it acted as a mechanical jury, in the cases of lie detection. H. Lelesz catalogued each of his Ss according to 5 intellectual types: Descriptive; superficial; intelligent; interpretive; and ambitious. It was concluded that knowledge of the

  8. Evolutionary Developmental Psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David C. Geary; David F. Bjorklund

    2000-01-01

    Evolutionary developmental psychology is the study of the genetic and ecological mechanisms that govern the development of social and cognitive competencies common to all human beings and the epigenetic (geneÐ environment interactions) processes that adapt these competencies to local conditions. The basic assumptions and domains of this emerging Þeld, as related to human life history and social and cognitive development,

  9. Embodiment in social psychology

    E-print Network

    Meier, Brian P.; Schnall, Simone; Schwarz, Norbert; Bargh, John, A.

    2012-01-01

    .P., & Robinson, M.D. (2004). Why the sunny side is up: Associations between affect and vertical position. Psychological Science, 15, 243-247. Meier, B. P., Sellbom, M., & Wygant, D. B. (2007). Failing to take the moral high ground: Psychopathy and the vertical...

  10. Family Counseling Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levant, Ronald F., ed.

    1983-01-01

    Describes programs for family counseling which use psychological-educational and skills training methods to remediate individual and family problems or enhance family life. The six articles discuss client-centered skills training, behavioral approaches, cognitive behavioral marital therapy, Adlerian parent education, and couple communication. (JAC)

  11. Research Funding for Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiesler, Sara B.

    1977-01-01

    "Describes recent trends in funding for basic and applied research in psychology. Comparisons are made with other disciplines and in relation to available manpower. Some data are presented that bear on research costs, proposals funded, research quality, and support for young versus senior psychologists." (Author/JM)

  12. On psychological understanding

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C. G. Jung

    1915-01-01

    Discusses the psychology of understanding delusions. Two types of delusions have been proposed: positive wish-fulfilling delusions of grandeur; and negative delusions of persecution and depreciation. The 2 kinds of understanding are: (1) retrospective understanding consisting in an essentially reductive method, and (2) prospective understanding consisting of a constructive method. Constructive understanding is explained as subjective, not scientific, and as decomposing

  13. MA Psychology Compulsory Modules

    E-print Network

    Miall, Chris

    that are suitable for literature focused reviews, systematically search literature and how to identify and collateMA Psychology Compulsory Modules Research Review (20 credits) Learn to comprehensively search and synthesise research literature In this module students will learn how to formulate questions

  14. [Psychological aspects of diabetes].

    PubMed

    Hinneburg, Iris

    2014-06-01

    The diagnosis of diabetes shakes up everyday life for the patients. Therefore, diabetes therapy also has to consider psychological aspects helping patients to cope with their disease. Additionally, the incidence of some mental health problems such as depression are associated with diabetes and may interact with diabetes therapy. PMID:25051812

  15. A psychology without heredity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z. Y. Kuo

    1924-01-01

    Starting from a behavioristic definition of psychology, Professor Kuo vigorously attacks the use of heredity as an explanatory conception. It is commonly assumed that instinctive behavior has a fixed and invariable neural pattern as its basis; but the facts are against this view, as they are also against the view of a variable synaptic resistance. Even if we knew something

  16. Psychology: Teacher Supplement.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stark, Rebecca

    This supplement provides teachers with tests, quizzes, answers to questions in the text, and general teaching information for using the student text, "Psychology," by Rebecca Stark. Quizzes included are on the topics of human development; the nervous system; the brain; cognitive development; sensation and perception; conditioning; learning;…

  17. Confronting Psychology's Power

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fox, Dennis

    2008-01-01

    Isaac Prilleltensky (this issue, pp. 116-136) seeks to make community psychology a more effective force for social justice. His discussion of psychopolitical validity raises a number of questions: How perfect must the theoretical framework be to usefully oppose unjust power? In what way is the notion of "psychopolitical validity" most useful? How…

  18. Psychological Treatments to Avoid

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomason, Timothy C.

    2010-01-01

    Certain psychological treatments should be avoided, and a list of such treatments would provide valuable guidance for counselors, as well as potential clients. It is well established that some therapies are potentially dangerous, and some fringe therapies are highly unlikely to help clients beyond a placebo effect. This article provides an…

  19. The Process of Psychological Consultation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nolan, Anna; Moreland, Neil

    2014-01-01

    Consultation is a key means of service delivery in many psychological services. However, the "process" of consultation is little explored in Educational Psychology literature, particularly in the United Kingdom (UK). This paper focuses on a small-scale qualitative research study of psychological consultation provided by educational…

  20. Educational Psychology: The Distinctive Contribution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cameron, R. J.

    2006-01-01

    This paper, written in the twenty-first anniversary year of the journal "Educational Psychology in Practice", attempts to uncover those distinctive aspects of the discipline and the practice of applied psychology in general and educational psychology in particular. After considering some of the reasons for attempting this task at this point in…

  1. Teaching of psychology in Brazil

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claudio S. Hutz; William Gomes; Sherri McCarthy

    2006-01-01

    Psychology programs were first recognized in Brazilian universities during the mid?20th century. Prior to that, psychology had been taught in conjunction with other programs such as medicine, law, and education. The growth of psychology programs has been rapid in the last 25 years. From the time the Brazilian government first established a 5?year degree program in 1962, the number of

  2. Historical Perspectives on School Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grimley, Liam K., Ed.

    This monograph was created to stimulate more thorough study of the history of school psychology. In the first section, "Mapping the Territory for Historical Study of School Psychology," by Liam K. Grimley, some fundamental questions are raised about what should be studied in the history of school psychology, how that study might be approached, and…

  3. Social Justice and School Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nastasi, Bonnie K.

    2008-01-01

    Despite attention in other social sciences and within other areas of psychology, social justice has received minimal attention in school psychology literature. The two studies by Shriberg et al. (2008) and McCabe and Rubinson (2008) represent significant developments in exploring school psychology's commitment to social justice. In this…

  4. CURRICULUM VITAE Department of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Tong, Frank

    Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 25, 1016-1035. Tong, F., Nakayama, K., Moscovitch, M., WeinribFRANK TONG CURRICULUM VITAE Department of Psychology 301 Wilson Hall Vanderbilt University://www.psy.vanderbilt.edu/faculty/tongf/ EDUCATION 1990­1995 Queen's University, Canada B.S. in Psychology 1995­1998 Harvard University M

  5. Transpersonal: The New Educational Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Roberts, Thomas Bradford

    This article lists some of the major ideas and topics of interest in transpersonal psychology and illustrates them with examples of transpersonal education applied to schools. Transpersonal psychology includes psychological aspects of such things as new world views, altered states of consciousness, an impulse toward higher states, self-realization…

  6. Educational Psychology Bylaws Pullman Campus

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    1 Educational Psychology Bylaws Pullman Campus Department of Educational Leadership, Sports Studies, and Educational \\ Counseling Psychology, College of Education Washington State University Last Revised by Faculty.ED B. Discipline: Educational Psychology is a general reference to the fields of Educational

  7. Indigenisation of Psychology in India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dalal, Ajit K.

    2011-01-01

    Academic psychology which made a new beginning in India in the early part of 20th century was modelled on the Western scientific tradition. The teaching of psychology was very much on the British pattern since the colonial rule, whereas the research was mostly an extension of the Western work in India. Psychology went through massive expansion…

  8. Dept. of Psychology Majors Advising

    E-print Network

    Martin, Jeff

    Dept. of Psychology Majors Advising Summer 2011 Whether you are choosing courses or deciding on Psychology as your major, a faculty advisor can help you plan your degree and ensure you meet all.rockman@uwinnipeg.ca E-mail for an appt. Contact the Psychology Department Assistant for info

  9. Psychology and logic: Further views

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. H. Howison

    1896-01-01

    Comments on the paper by G. M. Stratton on the relation between psychology and logic. The view of the relation between psychology and logic presented by Dr. Stratton admits that the province of conscious fact covered by logic is also covered by descriptive psychology, but excludes it from explanatory. But what justification can there be for this abrupt arrest of

  10. E-Psychology: Consumers' Attitude

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Malina Jordanova; Lidia Vasileva; Maximka Rasheva; Rumiana Bojinova

    2008-01-01

    Securing psychological supervision, consultations and help during long lasting flights is vital condition for success. That's why, knowing in details consumers (clients) attitude toward virtual psychology services is essential. Knowledge gained during nowadays studies on Earth will definitely help in the preparation for the future. The presentation focuses on results of a longitudinal survey assessing clients' attitudes toward e-psychology service.

  11. Department of Psychology Honours Advising

    E-print Network

    Martin, Jeff

    Department of Psychology Honours Advising 2012 and 2013 STEP 1: REQUEST an appointment: Prior to each registration period, it is mandatory that Psychology Honours students see an Advisor in order a minimum of 30 credit hours and have a minimum GPA of 3.0 in Psychology to be admitted into the Honours

  12. TUFTS IN LONDON PSYCHOLOGY EQUIVALENCIES

    E-print Network

    Patel, Aniruddh D.

    and Quantitative ... not recommended for Psychology majors PSYC2204: Design and Analysis ... not recommendedTUFTS IN LONDON PSYCHOLOGY EQUIVALENCIES Tufts in London Tufts Medford PSYC6001: Intro to Social to the ... PSY 001 PSYC1102: Methods and Approaches ... not recommended for Psychology majors PSYC1103

  13. [The psychological dimensions of falls].

    PubMed

    Schoenenburg, Sylvie; Beghin, Vinciane; Pardessus, Vinciane; Puiseux, François

    2015-01-01

    Falls in the elderly can have serious consequences both functional and psychological. In addition to the severe post-fall syndrome, other psychological consequences require adapted care. This article intends to highlight the multiple dimensions of the psychological impact of falls, through testimony. Loss of control of her body, awakening of fear of death, narcissistic injury...; the elderly talk about their felt. PMID:25966526

  14. Signature Strengths in Positive Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molony, Terry; Henwood, Maureen

    2010-01-01

    Positive psychology can be thought of as the scientific study of what is "right about people" as opposed to the traditional focus on the healing of psychological pain or trauma. The philosophical roots of positive psychology can be traced back to Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, as well as Islamic and Athenian…

  15. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy

    E-print Network

    Meston, Cindy

    ] activation and cortisol) in women with CSA (N 136) and without CSA histories (NSA, N 102). In CSA survivors, cortisol response to sexual stimuli did not significantly predict sexual functioning; however, in NSA women stimuli predicted higher sexual functioning in NSA women with low lifetime exposure to traumatic events

  16. MSU Departmental Assessment Report Department: Psychology

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    MSU Departmental Assessment Report May, 2009 Department: Psychology Department Chair: Richard A by Department B.S. in Psychology (with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology) M.S. in Psychology (with emphasis on Psychological Science) 1 #12;Summary of Undergraduate Survey Data Since Fall

  17. Studying Psychology at Strathclyde Dr Kellyanne Findlay

    E-print Network

    Mottram, Nigel

    1 Studying Psychology at Strathclyde Dr Kellyanne Findlay kellyanne.findlay@strath.ac.uk What is Psychology? I study Psychology Tell me what I'm thinking then Psychology's all just common sense What is Psychology? Psychology is the study of the mind and behaviour. There are five main goals, 1. Describe how

  18. MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    1 MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology Department Chair: Richard A. Block/Majors/Options Offered by Department B.S. in Psychology (with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology) M.S. in Psychological Science #12;2 Departmental Assessment Plan Department of Psychology, Montana State University July

  19. MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology

    E-print Network

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    1 MSU Departmental Assessment Plan 2007-2009 Department: Psychology Department Head: Richard A.S. in Psychology with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology M.S. in Applied Psychology #12;2 Departmental Assessment Plan Department of Psychology, Montana State University April 2007 Degree Objectives

  20. 177Department of Psychology Graduate Catalogue 201415

    E-print Network

    . Course Descriptions PSYC 301 Research Design in Psychology 3.0; 3 cr. This course is the first part177Department of Psychology Graduate Catalogue 2014­15 Department of Psychology Chairperson: Harb of Psychology offers a Master's Program in General Psychology and a Master's Program in Clinical Psychology

  1. Folk Psychology vs. Mental Simulation: How Minds Understand Minds

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This Website "provides access to work that was discussed at, inspired by, or is otherwise relevant to the seminar 'Folk Psychology vs. Mental Simulation: How Minds Understand Minds,' a National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminar for College Teachers held at the University of Missouri-St. Louis" last July. Folk Psychology and Mental Simulation are two competing theories designed to explain how "people understand, predict, and explain one another's actions, thoughts, and motivations"; both have implications for the understanding and possible treatment of Autism among other conditions. The site currently features fifteen articles and papers -- some with abstracts -- with another ten to be added soon. Titles include "Autism and the 'Theory of Mind' Debate," "Developing Commonsense Psychology: Experimental Data and Philosophical Data," and "A Cognitive Theory of Pretense." Articles are available in .pdf or HTML formats.

  2. Dialectical Philosophy and Developmental Psychology: Hegel and Piaget on Contradiction

    Microsoft Academic Search

    James Lawler

    1975-01-01

    Although Piaget’s psychological theory is developmental and ‘dialectical’ in a general way, lack of a developed philosophical basis leads to the subordination of a dialectical approach to static, anti-dialectical concepts. A study of Hegel’s theory of interaction and contradiction shows that the dialectical theory has a more precise meaning. Because Piaget regards mastery of formal-logical categories of identity, noncontradiction and

  3. Psychological Responses to Cancer Recurrence

    PubMed Central

    Andersen, Barbara L.; Shapiro, Charles L.; Farrar, William B.; Crespin, Timothy; Wells-DiGregorio, Sharla

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND There is a dearth of knowledge regarding the psychological responses to a diagnosis of cancer recurrence. METHODS An ongoing randomized clinical trial provided the context for prospective study. Women with Stage II/III breast carcinoma (N = 227) were initially assessed after their diagnosis/surgery and before adjuvant therapy and then reassessed every 6 months. Eight years into the trial, 30 patients had recurred (R) and were assessed shortly after receiving their second diagnosis. Their data were compared with a sample of trial patients who had no evidence of disease (disease free [DF]; n = 90). The groups were matched on study arm, disease stage, estrogen receptor status, menopausal status, and time since initial diagnosis. RESULTS As hypothesized, patients’ cancer-specific stress at recurrence in the R group was higher (P < 0.05) than stress levels for the DF group at the equivalent point in time. Importantly, the R group reported stress for their recurrent diagnosis equivalent to that reported for their initial diagnosis. Identical results were found for measures of health status and symptomatology. In contrast, analyses for emotional distress and social functioning showed no pattern of disruption for the R group at cancer recurrence and levels equivalent to that of the DF group. CONCLUSIONS To the authors’ knowledge, this was the first controlled, prospective psychological analysis of patients’ responses to cancer recurrence. The findings were consistent with a learning theory conceptualization of the cancer stressor. Patients’ stress was “compartmentalized” and did not, at least in the early weeks, result in diffuse emotional distress and quality of life disruption, underscoring the resilience of patients when confronted with cancer recurrence. PMID:16118802

  4. The psychology of whistleblowing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joan E. Sieber

    1998-01-01

    Whistleblowing, its antecedents, and its aftermath are complex and varied phenomena. Motivational factors in the perception\\u000a of alleged misconduct and in the response to such allegations by the accused and the institution are examined. Understanding\\u000a the psychological processes that underlie some of the surprising behavior surrounding whistleblowing will enable those who\\u000a perceive wrongdoing, as well as the professional societies and

  5. Production of psychology doctorates

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lindsey R. Harmon

    1964-01-01

    1 out of every 15 doctoral degrees granted by US universities since 1920 has been in psychology. The total for the 43 yr. 1920-1962 inclusive was 11,951. During the 1920s the proportion was almost 5½% of all doctorates; in the depression years of 1930s it dropped progressively to about 4%, and dropped again during World War II to 3.3%. After

  6. Noba Psychology Collection

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Noba is an online tool that allows teachers to create their own free psychology textbooks by using provided content. Noba consists of nearly 90 short (2500-4000 word) chapters authored by leading instructors and researchers including 7 winners of the William James Award. Chapters are organized in familiar categories (Development, Learning & Memory, Personality, etc.) for easy reference. All Noba materials are licensed through Creative Commons under the CC BY-NA-SA license terms.

  7. Psychologic implications of AIDS.

    PubMed

    Frierson, R L; Lippmann, S B

    1987-03-01

    Eleven patients with AIDS were seen by a psychiatric consultation service over a four-year period. Psychologic issues identified in these patients included changes in body image, feelings of helplessness and isolation, sexual concerns and the grief process. Management should be aimed toward maintaining a nonjudgmental stance, providing liaison with other caregivers and securing appropriate information and grief counseling for patients, with provision for the patient's loved ones. PMID:3825841

  8. Psychology and the soul

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Otto Rank

    1996-01-01

    Otto Rank (1884–1939) wrote the present work at the height of his creative powers, betweenWill Therapy andArt and Artist. Here he presents a sweeping history of psychology—individual and social—from the animistic era to psychoanalysis. An earlier\\u000a translation (by William D. Turner, 1950) was incomplete and somewhat inaccurate. Unlike Sigmund Freud, his mentor, Rank viewed\\u000a religion with respect and clarifies its

  9. The rhetoric of psychological research and the problem of unification in psychology.

    PubMed

    Katzko, Michael W

    2002-04-01

    There has been in the field of psychology a long and well-documented discontent with an apparent disorganization in its literature, most often interpreted as reflecting the absence of a unifying theory. This article examines some alternative ways in which some of the disorganization is being actively created by forms of argumentation used in reporting and discussing psychological research. One institutionalized form of argumentation used in reporting data actually generates the proliferation of theoretical terms in the literature. A second form of argumentation reifies theories into social groups, incorporating values that discourage theoretical integration. Some of the discontent arises from the incompatibility between the values latent in such social organizations and the values that motivate scientific inquiry at a personal level. PMID:11975376

  10. Social Psychology Network

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Plous, Scott

    With over 11,000 links contained within its pages, the Social Psychology Network site is arguably the largest social psychology database on the Internet. Maintained by Professor Scout Plous of Wesleyan University, the site has been generously supported by the National Science Foundation. Visitors will appreciate the very clean layout of the siteâ??s homepage, as they are presented with a search engine, along with a number of electronic forums, and a listing of related topics. To delve into the siteâ??s contents, visitors may wish to select from any one of the areas on the left-hand side of the homepage, which include listings of doctoral programs in social psychology and teaching resources. There are numerous other options for interested parties, and they lead to such offerings as rankings of doctoral programs in the field and distance learning options in the field. Finally, visitors can also view many of the siteâ??s documents in a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, and German.

  11. Divorce and psychological stress.

    PubMed

    Booth, A; Amato, P

    1991-12-01

    While research on adjustment to divorce has been extensive, the paucity of studies assessing stress before and after divorce has kept the relation between psychological stress and martial dissolution unclear. Conflicting findings cast some doubt on the utility of using a crisis model to study divorce. Analysis of three-wave panel data from a national sample of persons married in 1980 indicates that the crisis model is appropriate for understanding adjustment to divorce. Comparisons of divorced persons with married persons show a predivorce rise in stress which then returns to levels comparable to those reported by married individuals. No evidence was found supporting the idea that a high level of psychological stress is a general cause of divorce or that dissolution resulted in more or less permanent elevation of psychological stress. Findings support the hypothesis that predivorce resources and outlooks influence the amount of stress experienced in the two years immediately following divorce. Below median family incomes, no post-high school experience, and wife not in the labor force put divorcing individuals at a disadvantage. Individuals reporting few premarital troubles and beliefs in the immorality of divorce also appear to experience heightened stress in the two years following divorce. PMID:1765629

  12. TEMPORARY ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN PSYCHOLOGY Truman State University

    E-print Network

    Gering, Jon C.

    , of the following courses; social psychology, personality, developmental psychology, and abnormal psychology, personality, developmental psychology, APA-accredited clinical psychology, or APA-accredited counselingTEMPORARY ASSISTANT PROFESSOR IN PSYCHOLOGY Truman State University Position: Temporary Assistant

  13. Credentialing high school psychology teachers.

    PubMed

    Weaver, Kenneth A

    2014-09-01

    The National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula (American Psychological Association, 2013b) require a teacher with considerable psychology content knowledge to teach high school psychology courses effectively. In this study, I examined the initial teaching credential requirements for high school psychology teachers in the 50 states plus the District of Columbia. Thirty-four states (the District of Columbia is included as a state) require the social studies credential to teach high school psychology. An analysis of the items on standardized tests used by states to validate the content knowledge required to teach social studies indicates little or no presence of psychology, a reflection of psychology's meager presence in the social studies teacher preparation curricula. Thus, new teachers with the social studies teaching credential are not prepared to teach high school psychology according to the National Standards. Approval of The College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards: Guidance for Enhancing the Rigor of K-12 Civics, Economics, Geography, and History (National Council for the Social Studies, 2013) presents an opportunity to advocate for establishing a psychology credential in the 34 states. PMID:24911050

  14. Psychological Contract Breach and Job Attitudes: A Meta-Analysis of Age as a Moderator

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bal, P. Matthijs; De Lange, Annet H.; Jansen, Paul G. W.; Van Der Velde, Mandy E. G.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the influence of age in the relation between psychological contract breach and the development of job attitudes. Based on affective events, social exchange, and lifespan theory, we hypothesized that (1) psychological contract breach would be related negatively to job attitudes, and (2) that age would moderate…

  15. The American Psychological Association Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls: A Review, Update and Commentary

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Linda Hatch

    2011-01-01

    In 2006 the American Psychological Association formed the Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. They were charged with examining and summarizing the best psychological theory, research and clinical experience addressing the sexualization of girls. This article provides an outline of the Task Force report, reviews the recent work in this field, and discusses the implications for study in the

  16. An Experimental Investigation of the Antecedents and Consequences of Psychological Reactance in the College Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ball, Hannah; Goodboy, Alan K.

    2014-01-01

    Psychological reactance theory (PRT) is largely understudied in the classroom context. In this experiment, we manipulated instructors' use of clarity and forceful language as antecedents of psychological reactance and examined student communication outcomes (i.e., instructional dissent and challenge behavior) as ways in which students restore…

  17. Constructivism, the psychology of learning, and the nature of mathematics: Some critical issues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Ernest

    1993-01-01

    Constructivism is one of the central philosophies of research in the psychology of mathematics education. However, there is a danger in the ambiguous and at times uncritical references to it. This paper critically reviews the constructivism of Piaget and Glasersfeld, and attempts to distinguish some of the the psychological, educational and epistemological consequences of their theories, including their implications for

  18. The Power of the Situation: The Impact of Milgram's Obedience Studies on Personality and Social Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benjamin, Ludy T., Jr.; Simpson, Jeffry A.

    2009-01-01

    Few psychological studies, if any, can claim a legacy as imposing as the obedience studies of Stanley Milgram. Their impact was of notable consequence in the separate spheres of research ethics, research design, and theory in psychology, and they changed the ways that psychologists conceptualize and conduct their research. The authors discuss the…

  19. Psychological Strains Found From In-Depth Interviews With 105 Chinese Rural Youth Suicides

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jie Zhang; Nini Dong; Robert Delprino; Li Zhou

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the role of different aspects of psychological strain in Chinese rural young suicides, so as to test the strain theory of suicide with the Chinese samples. A Psychological Autopsy (PA) was conducted on 105 suicides in rural China. The background and deep reasons for suicide were obtained from in-depth interviews with survivors

  20. Nation-Level Indicators of Gender Equity in Psychological Research: Theoretical and Methodological Issues

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyde, Janet Shibley

    2012-01-01

    Power and inequality are central concepts in feminist theory and practice. Yet, with a few notable exceptions, there is relatively little empirical research on gender and power within feminist psychology. A search of PsycINFO for articles published in "Psychology of Women Quarterly" for the years 2000-2011 yielded only 14 empirical articles with…

  1. The Concept of Situation and the Microgenesis of the Conscious Purpose in Cultural Psychology

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clara M.

    2013-01-01

    The importance of the specific environment for understanding the microgenesis of psychological processes is well documented. It can be argued, however, that the theoretical framework of cultural psychology which is usually referred to as cultural-historical activity theory (CHAT) underconceptualizes this aspect, thereby hampering its ability to…

  2. Narrative, Believed-In Imaginings, and Psychology's Methods: An Interview with Theodore R. Sarbin.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hevern, Vincent W.

    1999-01-01

    Presents an interview with Theodore R. Sarbin, a Professor Emeritus of Psychology at the University of California, Santa Cruz. Focuses on his work with narrative psychology and role theory, how he developed his research interests, and his book entitled "Believed-In Imaginings: The Narrative Construction of Reality." (CMK)

  3. Persecutory delusions and the conditioned avoidance paradigm: Towards an integration of the psychology and

    E-print Network

    Dayan, Peter

    of the psychology and biology of paranoia Michael Moutoussis Tolworth Hospital, Surbiton, UK Jonathan Williams drug action; and we relate this to contemporary psychological theories of paranoia. Methods. Review in paranoia. Safety (avoidance) behaviours may help perpetuate and fix persecutory ideas by preventing

  4. Psychology Students' Interest in Graduate Training: A Need for Partnership among Undergraduate Psychology and Graduate School Psychology Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stinnett, Terry A.; Solomon, Benjamin G.

    2014-01-01

    An initial point of contact for recruitment of qualified persons into school psychology is undergraduate psychology degree programs. Unfortunately, the discipline of school psychology appears to receive at best only cursory coverage in undergraduate psychology texts, curriculum, and discussion by psychology department faculty even though school…

  5. Students interested in a psychology major or minor have two different options at the

    E-print Network

    Rose, Michael R.

    of Psychology and Social Behavior specializes in developmental psychology, health psychology, psychology and law.D. in Psychology and Social Behavior in the following concentrations: Developmental Psychology, Health Psychology, and cultures. Representative Areas for Coursework Developmental Psychology Health Psychologic

  6. The Psychological Maltreatment Rating Scales.

    PubMed

    Brassard, M R; Hart, S N; Hardy, D B

    1993-01-01

    Psychological maltreatment is gaining recognition as one of the core concepts in child welfare, however, its utility has been limited by definitional problems and the absence of operationalized and validated instruments. These Psychological Maltreatment Rating Scales (PMRS) were developed for assessing psychological maltreatment in mother-child interaction, and were used to rate the videotaped interaction of 49 high-risk mother-child dyads and make predictions of child protective service involvement with the dyads. These predictions are compared with predictions based upon mothers' personal resources and social support. Results show that the PMRS is a moderately reliable and valid measure of psychologically maltreating and prosocial parental behavior that can discriminate between maltreating and comparison parents, and is a more effective predictor than maternal measures. Three factors of parenting emerged from an exploratory factor analysis: emotional abuse, and two factors of positive parenting. Psychological abuse was the presence of hostile behavior, and psychological neglect the absence of positive parenting. PMID:8287285

  7. Association for Applied Sport Psychology

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The three interrelated focus areas of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP) are health and exercise psychology, performance psychology and social psychology. The aim of the Association is to see how "participation in sport, exercise, and physical activity may enhance personal development and well-being throughout the life span." Visitors will find that the "About" section of their website has a "History" link, as well as links to "Awards & Grants," "Fellows," and "Special Interest Groups." The "Publications" link has position papers published by the AASP in PDF format at the bottom of the page; topics of the papers include unethical behavior, choosing a sport psychology consultant, and human diversity. Visitors can check out the "Resource Center" link for information for parents, coaches, and athletes, which cover such topics as mental skills training information and how to teach and apply sport psychology skills.

  8. Design for a hopeful psychology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Leona E. Tyler

    1973-01-01

    Discusses major changes which have recently occurred in 3 areas of psychology and their implications for psychologists. In research psychology a far-reaching new ethical code has been adopted; in clinical-professional psychology the community specialty has arisen; and in measurement there has been a shift away from selection as an objective and toward classification and self-knowledge. The effect of these changes

  9. Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum placements. These placements allow you to

    E-print Network

    Morris, Joy

    Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum development in real counselling settings. The general goal of the Counselling Psychology Practica. Students in the Master of Education (Counselling Psychology) program are responsible for making their own

  10. American Psychological Association Help Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1999-01-01

    The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

  11. American Psychological Association Help Center

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

  12. Psychological operations (PSYOPs): A conceptual overview

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Sunil Narula

    2004-01-01

    The psychological dimension of a conflict is as important as its physical dimension and psychological Operations (PSYOPs) have become even more relevant in this age of information, especially for a nation?state where the threat in the socio?psychological domain is more pronounced. While combating the menace of terrorism, the psychological dimension assumes great significance, as terrorists use violence as a psychological

  13. Department of Psychology Seminars & Events Spring 2013

    E-print Network

    Liu, Taosheng

    to be a Clinical Psychologist? Come learn from this expert panel in the field about clinical psychology Wednesday, February 20 4:30 ­ 6:00 PM 118 Psychology Building Get Involved in Psychology: Learn about experiential learning/internship opportunities for psychology majors Thursday, March 21 3:00 ­ 4:30 PM 230 Psychology

  14. M.Sc. PSYCHOLOGY Application Checklist

    E-print Network

    Northern British Columbia, University of

    M.Sc. PSYCHOLOGY Application Checklist IMPORTANT NOTES 1. Please submit all Application Materials.Sc. in Psychology must have an Honours degree in Psychology or an undergraduate degree in Psychology (or a related for coursework (Maximum 10 pages). GRE Test Scores: General & Advanced Psychology SUBMIT ­ IF APPLICABLE Official

  15. Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology

    E-print Network

    © Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology

  16. Revised 2/2012 PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR

    E-print Network

    Galles, David

    Revised 2/2012 PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR REQUIREMENTS (Effective August 2012) Name: ID#: First Semester FOUNDATION COURSES (20 units): PSYC-101 General Psychology PSYC-260 Psychological Statistics PSYC-270 Biological Psychology RHET 203 Writing in Psychology (or RHET 301) PSYC-265 Research Design ONE DIVERSITY

  17. Educational Psychology Division of Theoretical and

    E-print Network

    Berdichevsky, Victor

    1 Educational Psychology Division of Theoretical and Behavioral Foundations College of Education in Educational Psychology School Psychology Concentration The mission of the School Psychology concentration in the Educational Psychology Ph.D. program at Wayne State University is to prepare professionals to effectively work

  18. University of Sussex School of Psychology

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    University of Sussex School of Psychology PhD in Psychology Course details for 2014 entry School of Psychology The School of Psychology has a thriving community of research students who enjoy excellent areas of psychology in which School faculty specialise. All postgraduate research students are eligible

  19. DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY University of Oregon

    E-print Network

    Lockery, Shawn

    in psychology provides the background for a broad range of careers, including social services, education, law, there are several broad areas of investigation: cognitive psychology, biological psychology, social psychology1 DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY University of Oregon Undergraduate Handbook 2013-2014 1715 Franklin

  20. Construal Levels and Psychological Distance: Effects on Representation, Prediction, Evaluation, and Behavior

    PubMed Central

    Trope, Yaacov; Liberman, Nira; Wakslak, Cheryl

    2011-01-01

    Construal level theory (CLT) is an account of how psychological distance influences individuals’ thoughts and behavior. CLT assumes that people mentally construe objects that are psychologically near in terms of low-level, detailed, and contextualized features, whereas at a distance they construe the same objects or events in terms of high-level, abstract, and stable characteristics. Research has shown that different dimensions of psychological distance (time, space, social distance, and hypotheticality) affect mental construal and that these construals, in turn, guide prediction, evaluation, and behavior. The present paper reviews this research and its implications for consumer psychology. PMID:21822366

  1. Psychology of Intelligence Analysis

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    Heuer, Richards J.

    This new full-length book from the CIA's center for the Study of Intelligence is an attempt to translate and make available to intelligence analysts selected cognitive psychology technical reports on the processing of incomplete and ambiguous information. Compiled by Richards J. Heuer, Jr., the volume "pulls together and republishes, with some editing, updating, and additions, articles written during 1978-86 for internal use within the CIA Directorate of Intelligence." Users can read the full text of the report by section and chapter in HTML format.

  2. [Foucault's relevance for psychology].

    PubMed

    Pastor, Juan

    2009-11-01

    In this article, we will attempt to address one of the most outstanding and influential thinkers of the past century: Michel Foucault, Philosopher, Psychologist, and above all (university) Professor. Michel Foucault is certainly versatile: Historian (of madness, clinical practice, imprisonment and sexuality), Archaeologist (of knowledge), Analyst (of discourse and power relations), Psychologist (genealogy of subjectivity) and Philosopher (of power and the subject). With this article, we eventually expect to offer some clues to be able to use the work of Michel Foucault for the problematization of Psychology. PMID:19861110

  3. Psychology and the soul.

    PubMed

    Rank, O

    1996-09-01

    Otto Rank (1884-1939) wrote the present work at the height of his creative powers, betweenWill Therapy andArt and Artist. Here he presents a sweeping history of psychology-individual and social-from the animistic era to psychoanalysis. An earlier translation (by William D. Turner, 1950) was incomplete and somewhat inaccurate. Unlike Sigmund Freud, his mentor, Rank viewed religion with respect and clarifies its role in individual and communal life through this study of soul-belief through the ages. The book contains important insights on immortality, will, dreams, Judaism and Christianity, Hamlet and Don Juan, Jung and Adler, and Freud himself. PMID:24264740

  4. Irrationality: psychological, ethical and legal aspects.

    PubMed

    Dimitrov, A

    1999-01-01

    A definition and a concise classification of irrational mentality and behaviour is proposed in the paper. The basic goal is to reveal the psychological mechanisms of inducing irrational individual and group behaviour by certain social agents. An attempt is made to apply the methodology of self-organization theory to the analysis of psychic equilibrium. The inducing of irrational behaviour is qualified as a crime against the freedom of the individual. In view of its grave social consequences a plea for its serious legal treatment is made. PMID:10436738

  5. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory,and Cognition

    E-print Network

    Palmeri, Thomas

    Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory,and Cognition 1997,Vol.23, No. 2, 324. A new theory, the exemplar-based random walk (EBRW) model, was used to explain the results. Combining within a competitive random walk decision process. People often make perceptual and conceptual judgments

  6. Implications for psychology of the new philosophy of science

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter T. Manicas; Paul F. Secord

    1983-01-01

    Salient features of a new philosophy of science that has developed over the past few decades are identified and their implications for psychology drawn. All science only approaches closure in the laboratory; outside of the laboratory, the world is radically open. Although scientific theory is equally valid in and out of the laboratory, it is not sufficient to explain behavior,

  7. Organizational Psychology and Performance in IS Employment Outsourcing and Insourcing

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Soon Ang; Sandra Slaughter

    1998-01-01

    In recent years, organizations have increased their use of outsourcing (contract) employment in information systems (IS). Yet, we know very little about outsourced workers' contributions toward organizational performance and effectiveness. Based on theories of individual-organizational linkages, this paper examines differences in the organizational psychology and performance of IS insourced and outsourced workers from the perspectives of multiple informants in a

  8. Psychological Considerations in Setting Aims for Foreign Language Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, J.B.

    The paper considers the results of theory and research in the psychological aspects of foreign language teaching as sources of guidance in making sound eucational decisions concerning the aims of language teaching at all levels. Major attention is given to the suggestion offered by research findings that language aptitude depends upon a somewhat…

  9. Some Implications of the Psychological Experience of Unemployment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoare, P. Nancey; Machin, M. Anthony

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a summary of some of the implications gleaned from a research project which investigated the psychological influences on the experience of unemployment. Drawing from deprivation theory and the stress and coping literature, the research project explored coping resources, cognitive appraisals, coping behaviours, mental health and…

  10. Self-Report Measure of Psychological Abuse of Older Adults

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conrad, Kendon J.; Iris, Madelyn; Ridings, John W.; Langley, Kate; Anetzberger, Georgia J.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This study tested key psychometric properties of the Older Adult Psychological Abuse Measure (OAPAM), one self-report scale of the Older Adult Mistreatment Assessment (OAMA). Design and Methods: Items and theory were developed in a prior concept mapping study. Subsequently, the measures were administered to 226 substantiated clients by 22…

  11. Introduction Although community psychology shares its historical roots

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    and concepts of the field, human diversity and cultural competence, public health, community research methods positions, mental health agencies, public health, healthcare, consulting and evaluation agencies, economics, health- care, etc.). The field of community psychology is devoted to advancing theory, research

  12. Jung's Psychology and Deleuze's Philosophy: The Unconscious in Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Semetsky, Inna; Delpech-Ramey, Joshua A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the unconscious dimension as articulated in Carl Jung's depth psychology and in Gilles Deleuze's philosophy. Jung's theory of the archetypes and Deleuze's pedagogy of the concept are two complementary resources that posit individuation as the goal of human development and self-education in practice. The paper asserts that…

  13. Ethnographic Decision Tree Modeling: A Research Method for Counseling Psychology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beck, Kirk A.

    2005-01-01

    This article describes ethnographic decision tree modeling (EDTM; C. H. Gladwin, 1989) as a mixed method design appropriate for counseling psychology research. EDTM is introduced and located within a postpositivist research paradigm. Decision theory that informs EDTM is reviewed, and the 2 phases of EDTM are highlighted. The 1st phase, model…

  14. Understanding empathy: Integrating counseling, developmental, and social psychology perspectives

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gerald A. Gladstein

    1983-01-01

    Reviews the literature of social and developmental psychology on empathy theory and research. These 2 subdisciplines differ in their definitions and measures from each other, as well as from the counseling\\/psychotherapy area. At the same time, all 3 disciplines identify 2 major types of empathy: (a) affective empathy, or feeling the same way as another person, and (b) cognitive or

  15. Developmental Psychology and Public Policy: Progress and Prospects

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, E. Michael; Kalil, Ariel

    2005-01-01

    This article outlines a framework for developmentally oriented policy research. Drawing from U. Bronfenbrenner's (1995) dynamic developmental systems theory, the authors suggest ways in which the key tenets of process, persons, context, and time can inform policy research in developmental psychology and can be used to support a causal…

  16. The Power of Montessori's Positive Psychology in an Expanding Universe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haines, Annette

    1999-01-01

    Relates Montessori theory of development with the concept of connection to the universe and natural world, noting Montessori education's role in nurturing reestablished connection with the natural world. Describes events leading to a fulfilled life as part of psychological normalization, noting the importance of identifying positive tendencies of…

  17. Coping with work stress: Psychological benefits of exercise

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bonita C. Long; Karen R. Flood

    1993-01-01

    Although the health–enhancing effects of physical exercise have been well documented, less is known about how exercise benefits stressed employees psychologically. This article examines exercise as a coping response, and identifies changes in self–schemata (a person's underlying belief systems about him or herself) as the means by which exercise affects coping resources. In addition, by drawing on schema theory and

  18. Student Satisfaction with Online Learning: Is It a Psychological Contract?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dziuban, Charles; Moskal, Patsy; Thompson, Jessica; Kramer, Lauren; DeCantis, Genevieve; Hermsdorfer, Andrea

    2015-01-01

    The authors explore the possible relationship between student satisfaction with online learning and the theory of psychological contracts. The study incorporates latent trait models using the image analysis procedure and computation of Anderson and Rubin factors scores with contrasts for students who are satisfied, ambivalent, or dissatisfied with…

  19. The Development and Resulting Performance Impact of Positive Psychological Capital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Luthans, Fred; Avey, James B.; Avolio, Bruce J.; Peterson, Suzanne J.

    2010-01-01

    Recently, theory and research have supported psychological capital (PsyCap) as an emerging core construct linked to positive outcomes at the individual and organizational level. However, to date, little attention has been given to PsyCap development through training interventions; nor have there been attempts to determine empirically if such…

  20. Overconfidence in Psychology and Finance – an Interdisciplinary Literature Review

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dorota Skala

    2008-01-01

    This paper reviews the literature on one of the most meaningful concepts in modern behavioural finance, the overconfidence phenomenon. Overconfidence is presented as a well-developed psychological theory, with main facets comprising miscalibration, betterthan- average effect, illusion of control and unrealistic optimism. The primary applications of overconfidence in contemporary finance are analysed, from the perspective of financial markets and corporate behaviour.