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1

Psychological Theories of Crime and \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis explores the relatively new criminal phenomena of computer crime, or as it is more commonly termed, hacking. The foundation for the examination is based on how well traditional psychological theories of crime and deviance explain this new behaviour. Dominant theories in each of the categories of psychoanalytic, learning and control are discussed. The thesis concludes that for the

Marc Rogers; M. A. CISSP

2

[Psychological theory and implicit sociology.].  

PubMed

This text is based on the hypothesis that every theory on the psychology of personality must inevitably, in one manner or another, have a sociological referent, that is to say, it must refer to a body of knowledge which deals with a diversity of social contexts and their relations to individuals. According to this working hypothesis, such a sociology is implicit. This text then discusses a group of theoretical approaches in an effort to verify this hypothesis. This approach allows the extrication of diverse forms or diverse expressions of this implicit sociology within this context several currents are rapidly explored : psychoanalysis, behaviorism, gestalt, classical theory of needs. The author also comments on the approach, inspired by oriental techniques or philosophies, which employs the notion of myth to deepen self awareness. Finally, from the same perspective, he comments at greater length on the work of Carl Rogers, highlighting the diverse form of implicit sociology. In addition to Carl Rogers, this text refers to Freud, Jung, Adler, Reich, Perls, Goodman, Skinner as well as to Ginette Paris and various analysts of Taoism. In conclusion, the author indicates the significance of his analysis from double viewpoint of psychological theory and practice. PMID:17093766

Sévigny, R

1983-01-01

3

Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy  

E-print Network

in Childhood. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy. Advance online publication. doi: 10Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy Physiological Stress Responses Predict in Childhood Cindy M. Meston and Tierney A. Lorenz Online First Publication, March 19, 2012. doi: 10.1037/a

Meston, Cindy

4

The Psychological Import of Syntactic Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

My primary goal is to assess whether, and in what sense, the rules or principles of grammar are psychologically real. I begin by casting doubt on a received view in generative linguistics, according to which a true theory of the syntax of natural language would, ipso facto, be a theory of a psychological state or mechanism. I argue that a…

Pereplyotchik, David

2012-01-01

5

Personality Theory, Abnormal Psychology, and Psychological MeasurementA Psychological Behaviorism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Behaviorism, because it has not had a theory of personality, has been separated from the rest of psychology, unable in large part to draw from or contribute to it. Traditional psychology has not had a theory of personality that says what personality is, how it comes about, or how it functions. An antagonism has resulted that weakens rather than complements

Arthur W. Staats

1993-01-01

6

MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology  

E-print Network

MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 2011-2012 Psychology The School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh #12;MSc in the History and Theory of Psychology 2011/12 2 MSc/Dip in the History and Theory of Psychology 2011-2012 This booklet is a guide

Edinburgh, University of

7

The Place and Promise of Theory in Rehabilitation Psychology Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Although rehabilitation psychology is more focused on empirical evidence and clinical application than theory development, the authors argue for the primacy of theory and explain why theories are needed in and useful for rehabilitation psychology. Impediments to theory development are discussed, including the difficulties of applying psychological theories in multidisciplinary enterprises and the difficulties in developing a theory-driven research

Dana S. Dunn; Timothy R. Elliott

2008-01-01

8

Darwinian Theory, Functionalism, and the First American Psychological Revolution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American functionalist psychology constituted an effort to model scientific psychology on the successes of English evolutionary theory. In part it was a response to the stagnation of Wundt's psychological research program, which had been grounded in German experimental physiology. In part it was an attempt to make psychology more appealing within…

Green, Christopher D.

2009-01-01

9

Darwinian Theory, Functionalism, and the First American Psychological Revolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

American functionalist psychology constituted an effort to model scientific psychology on the successes of English evolutionary theory. In part it was a response to the stagnation of Wundt's psychological research program, which had been grounded in German experimental physiology. In part it was an attempt to make psychology more appealing within the highly pragmatic American context and to facilitate the

Christopher D. Green

2009-01-01

10

Goals in a Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology  

E-print Network

Goals in a Formal Theory of Commonsense Psychology Jerry R. HOBBS and Andrew GORDON University of commonsense psychology, or how peole think they think, we have developed a formal theory of goals. In it we, intactness, and importance. Keywords. Goals, commonsense psychology, commonsense reasoning, intention

Hobbs, Jerry R.

11

Darwinian theory, functionalism, and the first American psychological revolution.  

PubMed

American functionalist psychology constituted an effort to model scientific psychology on the successes of English evolutionary theory. In part it was a response to the stagnation of Wundt's psychological research program, which had been grounded in German experimental physiology. In part it was an attempt to make psychology more appealing within the highly pragmatic American context and to facilitate the application of psychology to domains outside of the scientific laboratory. Applications of psychology that emerged from the functionalist ethos included child and developmental psychology, clinical psychology, psychological testing, and industrial/vocational psychology. Functionalism was also the ground within which behaviorism rooted and grew into the dominant form of psychology through the middle of the 20th century. PMID:19203139

Green, Christopher D

2009-01-01

12

Application of Chaos Theory to Psychological Models  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation shows that an alternative theoretical approach from physics--chaos theory--offers a viable basis for improved understanding of human beings and their behavior. Chaos theory provides achievable frameworks for potential identification, assessment, and adjustment of human behavior patterns. Most current psychological models fail to address the metaphysical conditions inherent in the human system, thus bringing deep errors to psychological practice and empirical research. Freudian, Jungian and behavioristic perspectives are inadequate psychological models because they assume, either implicitly or explicitly, that the human psychological system is a closed, linear system. On the other hand, Adlerian models that require open systems are likely to be empirically tenable. Logically, models will hold only if the model's assumptions hold. The innovative application of chaotic dynamics to psychological behavior is a promising theoretical development because the application asserts that human systems are open, nonlinear and self-organizing. Chaotic dynamics use nonlinear mathematical relationships among factors that influence human systems. This dissertation explores these mathematical relationships in the context of a sample model of moral behavior using simulated data. Mathematical equations with nonlinear feedback loops describe chaotic systems. Feedback loops govern the equations' value in subsequent calculation iterations. For example, changes in moral behavior are affected by an individual's own self-centeredness, family and community influences, and previous moral behavior choices that feed back to influence future choices. When applying these factors to the chaos equations, the model behaves like other chaotic systems. For example, changes in moral behavior fluctuate in regular patterns, as determined by the values of the individual, family and community factors. In some cases, these fluctuations converge to one value; in other cases, they diverge in still other cases, they oscillate periodically among two or more precise values. At certain values, the equations iterate random results, with no convergence, divergence or periodicity: "chaos." At still other values, the equations behave chaotically for many iterations; then a periodic oscillation emerges from the chaos. These emergent patterns provide a significantly better model fit to the dynamic reality of psychological behavior because qualitatively reorganized behavior is logically possible and incorporated in the model's metaphysical assumptions.

Blackerby, Rae Fortunato

13

Toward a Theory of Psychological Type Congruence for Advertisers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focusing on the impact of advertisers' persuasive selling messages on consumers, this paper discusses topics relating to the theory of psychological type congruence. Based on an examination of persuasion theory and relevant psychological concepts, including recent cognitive stability and personality and needs theory and the older concept of…

McBride, Michael H.; And Others

14

Is psychoanalytic theory relevant to the psychology of women?  

PubMed

This article reviews the literature addressing the relevance of psychoanalytic theory to the psychology of women and offers a possible rapprochement between these divergent perspectives. This rapprochement is accomplished first by defining "psychoanalytic theory" and "the psychology of women" in line with current scholarship, then by comparing and contrasting these definitions in an item-by-item analysis. The basic tenets of modern psychoanalytic theory emerge as highly relevant to the understanding of the psychology of women, despite the fact that particular "brands" of psychoanalytic theory may not demonstrate this same compatibility. PMID:1744018

Okey, J L

1991-01-01

15

Evolution, Psychology, and a Conflict Theory of Culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article develops an evolutionary theory of conflict over the construction of culture that is informed by current knowledge of psychological mechanisms. Psychological mechanisms important for the production of culture include (1) general intelligence (including the ability to engender hypothetical scenarios and means-end reasoning necessary for constructing tools and other exemplars of technology); (2) explicit processing mechanisms (e.g., symbolic representations

Kevin MacDonald

16

Great Ideas in Personality: Psychology Theory and Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by G. Scott Acton, a PhD in psychology from Northwestern University, this site functions as a gateway to materials relating to personality theory. The Website offers introductory, often hypertext essays on various topics in personality theory followed by an annotated listing of relevant links. Some of the topics covered include attachment theory, basic emotions, behavior genetics, behaviorism, cognitive social theory, evolutionary psychology, the five-factor model, intelligence, interpersonal theory, personality disorders, psychoanalysis, and others. There are also sections specifically geared for students and professionals as well as listings of links to papers, Websites, readings, and scholars available on the Web.

1997-01-01

17

A Social Extension of a Psychological Interest Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on an individual interest theory as a sensitising theory, empirical data are used to gain social interest concepts, as there are situated collective interest and interest-dense situation. These concepts serve as a basis for a social extension of a psychological interest theory. Its construction combines social interactions, the dynamic of…

Bikner-Ahsbahs, Angelika

2003-01-01

18

Contributions of object relations theory and self psychology to relational psychology and group psychotherapy.  

PubMed

Object relations theory and self psychology are psychoanalytic perspectives that are especially concerned with interpersonal relations and their mental representations. Object relations theory began as an intrapsychic "singleton" psychology with the work of Freud and Melanie Klein. It subsequently evolved into a multi-person psychology with the work of Bion on groups, as well as the clinical and theoretical contributions of Winnicott and Fairbairn. Kohutian self psychology, which emerged later, has been interested in the relations between the self and significant others as mirroring and idealizing "self-objects." Stolorow's "inter-subjective perspective" emerged from self psychology as a full-fledged multi-person point of view. This article considers the significance of contemporary object relations theory and self psychology as relational, multi-person perspectives in terms of their application to group psychotherapy, focusing upon the group-as-a-whole, projective identification, transitional space and object, and self/self-object relations as particularly useful constructs. A clinical vignette is provided. PMID:10778012

Schermer, V L

2000-04-01

19

Game Theory and Social Psychology: Conformity Games  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Game models can contribute to understanding of how social biases and pressures to conform can lead to puzzling behaviour in social groups. A model of the psychological biases false uniqueness and false consensus is set out. The model predicts the phenomenon of pluralistic ignorance, which is well-studied in social psychology, showing how it arises as a result of the prevalence of false uniqueness and the desire to conform. An efficient method is developed for finding Nash equilibria of the model under certain restrictions.

Alessio, Danielle; Kilgour, D. Marc

2011-11-01

20

The Psychology of Career Theory--A New Perspective?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New perspectives on human behavior have invalidated some assumptions of career theories such as personality type, career stages, and life-cycle models. Other theories, such as Driver's Objective Career Patterns, Schein's Temporal Development Model, and Nicholson's Transition Cycle, are compatible with current psychological understanding. (SK)

Woodd, Maureen

2000-01-01

21

Shopping around for Theories for Counseling Psychology Practice: Reaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three psychotherapy theories are summarized and critiqued for their applicability to counseling psychology. The lack of attention to psychodynamic and experiential theories in the special section and the lack of theorizing by counseling psychologists in general are lamented. A plea is made for encouraging counseling psychologists to construct more…

Hill, Clara E.

2012-01-01

22

Deontic reasoning reviewed: psychological questions, empirical findings, and current theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deontic reasoning is concerned with questions of whether actions are forbidden or allowed, obligatory or not obligatory. This\\u000a article reviews empirical findings and psychological theories on deontic reasoning with regard to three questions that have\\u000a guided psychological research during the last decades: How do people’s deontic capabilities develop? How well do people perform\\u000a in deontic reasoning tasks? And how do

Sieghard Beller

2010-01-01

23

Construal-Level Theory of Psychological Distance  

PubMed Central

People are capable of thinking about the future, the past, remote locations, another person’s perspective, and counterfactual alternatives. Without denying the uniqueness of each process, it is proposed that they constitute different forms of traversing psychological distance. Psychological distance is egocentric: Its reference point is the self in the here and now, and the different ways in which an object might be removed from that point—in time, in space, in social distance, and in hypotheticality—constitute different distance dimensions. Transcending the self in the here and now entails mental construal, and the farther removed an object is from direct experience, the higher (more abstract) the level of construal of that object. Supporting this analysis, research shows (a) that the various distances are cognitively related to each other, (b) that they similarly influence and are influenced by level of mental construal, and (c) that they similarly affect prediction, preference, and action. PMID:20438233

Trope, Yaacov; Liberman, Nira

2011-01-01

24

Handbook of Vocational Psychology. Theory, Research, and Practice. Second Edition. Contemporary Topics in Vocational Psychology Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is designed to acquaint readers with the practical and applied aspects of the field of vocational psychology and the variety of techniques, procedures, and theories available for vocational assessment. The following chapters are included: "Preface" and "Introduction" (W. Bruce Walsh, Samuel H. Osipow); "Current Theoretical Issues in…

Walsh, W. Bruce, Ed.; Osipow, Samuel H., Ed.

25

Prospect theory or construal level theory? Diminishing sensitivity vs. psychological distance in risky decisions.  

PubMed

Attitudes toward risks are central to organizational decisions. These attitudes are commonly modeled by prospect theory. Construal level theory has been proposed as an alternative theory of risky choice, accounting for psychological distance deriving from temporal, spatial and social aspects of risk that are typical of agency situations. Unnoticed in the literature, the two theories make contradicting predictions. The current study investigates which theory provides a better description of risky decisions in the presence of temporal, spatial, and social factors. We find that the psychophysical effects modeled by prospect theory dominate the psychological distance effects of construal level theory. PMID:22011526

Trautmann, Stefan T; van de Kuilen, Gijs

2012-01-01

26

Psychological Theory Seeks to Define Obesity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines various psychodynamic and behavioral theories in a discussion about obesity and mental health. It is revealed that modern theory finds no identifiable personality profile, behavior, or family structure influencing large weight gain thus discounting psychopathology as the cause of obesity. Individual assessments for causes of obesity are…

Burgard, Debby

1993-01-01

27

Relational Frame Theory and Industrial/Organizational Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current paper argues that a Relational Frame Theory account of complex human behavior including an analysis of relational frames, relational networks, rules and the concept of self can provide a potentially powerful new perspective on phenomena in the applied science of industrial/organizational (I/O) psychology. In this article, we first…

Stewart, Ian; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; Bond, Frank W.; Hayes, Steven C.

2006-01-01

28

Integrating Social Class into Vocational Psychology: Theory and Practice Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although social class plays a salient and significant role in career development and occupational attainment, social class is underrepresented in vocational psychology theory, scholarship, and practice. Vocational psychologists are in a unique position to meet the career development needs of persons from all social classes by integrating a fuller…

Diemer, Matthew A.; Ali, Saba Rasheed

2009-01-01

29

Why Psychology Is\\/Is Not Traditional Science: The Self-Referential Bases of Psychological Research and Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The hyperspecialization, fragmentation, curious faddishness of major research topics, and perceived incommensurabilities of theories and methods in contemporary psychology are often seen as a discipline-specific crisis over our status as a single, identifiable \\

Harry T. Hunt

2005-01-01

30

Authoritarianism, Critical Theory, and Political Psychology: Past, Present, Future  

E-print Network

in the chorus in his 19'.XJ book The Social Misconstruction of Reality. Ramer than devote space here to the complexities of this debate I shall, instead, point readers to the edited volume by Lehmann and Roth (1993). 7 Social Thought & Research For Weber... more generic or general psychological syndrome. The significance of anti-Semitism is reflected in Adorno's remark that "the problem of...anti-Semitism could be approached only by recourse to a theory which is beyond the scope of this study. Such a...

Worrell, Mark P.

1998-04-01

31

Towards a new theory of practice for community health psychology.  

PubMed

The article sets out the value of theorizing collective action from a social science perspective that engages with the messy actuality of practice. It argues that community health psychology relies on an abstract version of Paulo Freire's earlier writing, the Pedagogy of the Oppressed, which provides scholar-activists with a 'map' approach to collective action. The article revisits Freire's later work, the Pedagogy of Hope, and argues for the importance of developing a 'journey' approach to collective action. Theories of practice are discussed for their value in theorizing such journeys, and in bringing maps (intentions) and journeys (actuality) closer together. PMID:24155187

Nolas, Sevasti-Melissa

2014-01-01

32

UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu A Mathematical Theory for Texture, Texton, Primal Sketch  

E-print Network

UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu A Mathematical Theory for Texture, Texton, Primal Sketch Angeles Joint work with Y.Wu, C.Guo and D. Mumford, 1995-2003 UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu Julesz visual perception?" ---1960s #12;UCLA Psychology, 2003. Song-Chun Zhu Psychophysics Experiments Texture

Zhu, Song Chun

33

Theory and Research on Practices, Theory and Research as Practices: Hermeneutics and Psychological Inquiry  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are the implications for theory and research in psychology of a hermeneutic perspective that takes practices as its starting point notion? The author addresses this wide-ranging issue by considering a number of specific questions in turn, including, among others, whether the hermeneutic perspective leads to rejecting systematic, quantitative research methods; whether it leads to the conclusion that efforts at

Michael A. Westerman

2004-01-01

34

Assessing Coverage of Maslow's Theory in Educational Psychology Textbooks: A Content Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory (HNT) is one of the most prevalent theories in psychology, the authors argued that it is also one of the most misinterpreted or misrepresented, particularly in educational psychology textbooks. Therefore, after carefully reading Maslow's writings on HNT they conducted a content analysis of 18 educational…

Wininger, Steven R.; Norman, Antony D.

2010-01-01

35

Pathway to psychological change from the structural stability theory.  

PubMed

We show that a path not yet considered exists in the parameter space of the cusp catastrophe that constitutes a 'target-trajectory,' along which psychological change may be achieved in a variety of situations by taking advantage of the protagonists' resistance. The parameters Pathogen - the pathogenic agent - and Therapy, or Dissent and Remedy, are used depending on whether the theory is applied to psychotherapy or conflict, respectively. This proposed target-trajectory offers: (a) conditions optimised in therapy with regard to the intrinsic limitations for the reduction of a patient's pathogenic agent, and in conflict with regard to the 'red-lines' of the protagonists, and (b) the benefit of a step of rapid decrease in the potential barrier to change. Questions raised concern the benefit that a patient may obtain from performing his cognitive task in psychotherapy with minimal requirement for the reduction of his pathogen, and the role that a step of rapid decrease in a potential barrier may play in decision-making, in particular when it comes to end a conflict. The argument is developed in detail for psychoanalytic resistance, relying on principles and procedures described in numerous texts of psychoanalysis. The theory deals with scaling laws - power laws - rather than strict equalities. PMID:25575557

Cerf, Roger

2015-01-01

36

Suicide Prevention in Schools as Viewed through the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author has proposed a new theory of suicidal behavior--the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (Joiner, 2005)--which attempts to answer the question "Why do people die by suicide?" In this commentary, he briefly describes the theory, and then argues that the theory's constructs may allow a new level of focus and specificity…

Joiner, Thomas E., Jr.

2009-01-01

37

The Unbearable Dynamicity of Psychological Processes: Highlights of the Psychodynamic Theories  

Microsoft Academic Search

The term dynamic generally refers to the psychology grounded on and informed by psychoanalysis—even if dynamic perspectives do not necessarily\\u000a coincide with it. It is well known that in Freudian theory, the dynamic level of analysis is that focused on conflicts and\\u000a their role in shaping psychological facts. Yet contemporary psychoanalytically oriented psychology gives a broader meaning\\u000a to the label,

Rosapia Lauro-Grotto; Sergio Salvatore; Alessandro Gennaro; Omar Gelo

38

Situating Psychological Well-Being: Exploring the Cultural Roots of Its Theory and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychological well-being is a seminal concept in counseling and yet it is seldom discussed, researched, or critiqued; this article examines the cultural values and assumptions underlying its theory and research. Contemporary understandings of psychologi- cal and subjective well-being are placed in cultural and historical context to illuminate their Euro-American cultural roots. Approaches to psychological well-being are shown to presuppose ontological

John Chambers Christopher

39

Positive Psychology Theory, Research, and Practice: A Primer for Rehabilitation Counseling Professionals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positive psychology is a scientific study that explores what makes life most worth living and applies psychological theory to understand the human strengths that are important for enhancing overall well-being and happiness. The rehabilitation counseling philosophy shares a similar emphasis on personal strengths and the importance of enhancing what…

Chou, Chih-Chin; Chan, Fong; Chan, Jacob Yui Chung; Phillips, Brian; Ditchman, Nicole; Kaseroff, Ashley

2013-01-01

40

Why Community Works: The Use of Alfred Adler's Individual Psychology as a Foundational Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that the Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler should be used as a foundational theory for student affairs work. The success of community building programs is explained and the concepts of Individual Psychology are summarized. Also asserts that the current drive to develop programs to develop community on college campuses is firmly rooted…

Glenn, Robert K.; Keith, Edwin M.

2002-01-01

41

Attribution in sport psychology: seeking congruence between theory, research and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesThis paper urges revision of the way attributions are conceptualised, investigated, and applied in sport psychology. There has been a recent decline in attribution research in sport psychology, despite the generally accepted relevance of attributions in applied settings. In seeking closer links between attribution theory, research, and practice, we argue that there is a mismatch between research and practice in

Tim Rees; David K. Ingledew; Lew Hardy

2005-01-01

42

Theory and Research on `Race' as a Natural Kind Variable in Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines a portion of the theory about and research on 'race' in the field of psychology. Specifically, we examine whether the construct of 'race' can be used efficaciously as a natural kind variable that explains data in psychological inquiry. The foregoing consideration involves an exploration of the so-called 'biological\\/genetic' bases of 'race' from the conceptual paradigms of (a)

Chuck Tate; Diego Audette

2001-01-01

43

Psychological Theory and Pedagogical Effectiveness: The Learning Promotion Potential Framework  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: After a century of educational psychology, eminent commentators are still lamenting problems besetting the appropriate relating of psychological insights to teaching design, a situation not helped by the persistence of crude assumptions concerning the nature of pedagogical effectiveness. Aims: To propose an analytical or…

Tomlinson, Peter

2008-01-01

44

Theory of Mind and embedding ofperspective A psychological test of a literary ((sweet spot"  

E-print Network

Theory of Mind and embedding ofperspective A psychological test of a literary ((sweet spot" D. H be a "sweet spot" that provides enough information about a character's motivation, but not a confusing over

45

An evaluation of the prescriptive utility of psychological bias theory in international relations  

E-print Network

I evaluate the practical utility of psychological bias theory by examining two historical cases - the US decision to cross the 38th parallel in 1950 and the British policy of appeasement towards Germany in the 1930s - ...

Leung, Wilson (Wilson Wan Shun)

2005-01-01

46

Artifacts as psychological theories: the case of human-computer interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

We cast the psychology of human-computer interaction (HCI) in terms of task analysis and the invention of artifacts. We consider the implications of this for attempts to define HCI in terms of a priori conceptions of psychology. We suggest that artifacts can be considered theory-like in HCI, and observe that they do play a theory-like role in the field as

JOHN M. CARROLL; ROBERT L. CAMPBELL

1989-01-01

47

Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars representing the field of psychology were asked to identify what they considered to be the most exciting and imaginative work currently being done in their field, as well as how that work might change our understanding. The scholars included Susan Blackmore, Nadya Fouad, Jerome Kagan, Stephen Kosslyn, Michael Posner, and Robert Sternberg.…

Blackmore, Susan; Fouad, Nadya; Kagan, Jerome; Kosslyn, Stephen; Posner, Michael; Sternburg, Robert; Driscoll, Marcy; Ge, Xun; Parrish, Patrick

2013-01-01

48

Social psychological origins of conspiracy theories: the case of the jewish conspiracy theory in malaysia.  

PubMed

Two studies examined correlates of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory among Malays in Malaysia, a culture in which state-directed conspiracism as a means of dealing with perceived external and internal threats is widespread. In Study 1, 368 participants from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed a novel measure of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation, and anomie. Initial analysis showed that the novel scale factorially reduced to a single dimension. Further analysis showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was only significantly associated with general conspiracist ideation, but the strength of the association was weak. In Study 2, 314 participants completed the measure of belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation, and ideological attitudes. Results showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was associated with anti-Israeli attitudes, modern racism directed at the Chinese, right-wing authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation. General conspiracist ideation did not emerge as a significant predictor once other variables had been accounted for. These results suggest that there may be specific cultural and social psychological forces that drive belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory within the Malaysian context. Specifically, belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory among Malaysian Malays appears to serve ideological needs and as a mask for anti-Chinese sentiment, which may in turn reaffirm their perceived ability to shape socio-political processes. PMID:22888323

Swami, Viren

2012-01-01

49

Social Psychological Origins of Conspiracy Theories: The Case of the Jewish Conspiracy Theory in Malaysia  

PubMed Central

Two studies examined correlates of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory among Malays in Malaysia, a culture in which state-directed conspiracism as a means of dealing with perceived external and internal threats is widespread. In Study 1, 368 participants from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, completed a novel measure of belief in a Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation, and anomie. Initial analysis showed that the novel scale factorially reduced to a single dimension. Further analysis showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was only significantly associated with general conspiracist ideation, but the strength of the association was weak. In Study 2, 314 participants completed the measure of belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory, along with measures of general conspiracist ideation, and ideological attitudes. Results showed that belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory was associated with anti-Israeli attitudes, modern racism directed at the Chinese, right-wing authoritarianism, and social dominance orientation. General conspiracist ideation did not emerge as a significant predictor once other variables had been accounted for. These results suggest that there may be specific cultural and social psychological forces that drive belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory within the Malaysian context. Specifically, belief in the Jewish conspiracy theory among Malaysian Malays appears to serve ideological needs and as a mask for anti-Chinese sentiment, which may in turn reaffirm their perceived ability to shape socio-political processes. PMID:22888323

Swami, Viren

2012-01-01

50

Research quality considerations for grounded theory research in sport & exercise psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesThe aims of this article are: to examine the application of grounded theory in sport and exercise psychology; to locate such applications within broader grounded theory methodological debates and; to support the future use and evolution of the method in the field.

Mike Weed

2009-01-01

51

A preliminary test of the interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior in a military sample  

Microsoft Academic Search

Suicide in the military is a growing concern. The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior proposes that an individual will not die by suicide unless he or she experiences a combined disconnection from others, feelings that one is a burden on others, and the ability to do so, but this theory has not yet been rigorously tested with military samples. The

Craig J. Bryan; Chad E. Morrow; Michael D. Anestis; Thomas E. Joiner

2010-01-01

52

Design of Digital Learning Material on Social-Psychological Theories for Nutrition Behavior Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the design, implementation and evaluation of digital learning material on the social--psychological Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and its use in nutrition behavior research. The design is based on guidelines derived from theories on instructional design. The major component of the design challenge is to implement three…

Busstra, Maria C.; De Graaf, Cees; Hartog, Rob

2007-01-01

53

Three Theories of Psychological Development; Implications for Children's Dentistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A slide-tape series developed for introduction of developmental and learning theories in freshman dental curriculum is described. Theories of social-emotional development, cognitive development, and theories of conditioning and observational learning are included. (MSE)

George, James M.; McIver, F. Thomas

1983-01-01

54

Hispanic Psychology: Critical Issues in Theory and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides students, researchers, and practitioners with access to major theoretical and empirical issues in the field of Hispanic psychology. The book is divided into six parts: acculturation and adaptation, ethnic identity and behavior, clinical research and services, health and AIDS research, gender studies research, and education and…

Padilla, Amado M., Ed.

55

Uncommon sports psychology: Consultation using family therapy theory and techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coaches and athletes utilize sports psychology as a part of training and preparation for competition. A linear, individualistic epistemology is generally subscribed to by sports psychologists. Marriage and family therapists, with their systems epistemology, can apply their training to working with athletic teams. This article revisits an innovative approach to working with athletic teams from a systems perspective. It presents

Toni Schindler Zimmerman; Howard Protinsky

1993-01-01

56

A Social-Psychological Grounded Theory of Teacher Stress and Burnout  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a social-psychological model of teacher stress and burnout which emphasizes the importance of teacher performance variables and cycles of teacher-student interactions that develop over time. The theoretical statements that serve as the basis of the framework proposed in this report have been extracted and refinedfrom the Teacher Performance-Motivation Theory (TP-M Theory), a data-based, grounded theory developed directlyfrom

Joseph J. Blase

1982-01-01

57

Advancing mental toughness research and theory using personal construct psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review is designed to advance current conceptualizations of mental toughness in sport as well as identify avenues for future research by offering a fresh perspective using Kelly's (1955\\/1991) personal construct psychology (PCP). After reviewing sport-general and sport-specific research contributing to current perspectives on mental toughness, we highlight the need for theoretically driven research in the area. Following this, we

Daniel F. Gucciardi; Sandy Gordon; James A. Dimmock

2009-01-01

58

A basic need theory approach to problematic Internet use and the mediating effect of psychological distress  

PubMed Central

The Internet provides an easily accessible way to meet certain needs. Over-reliance on it leads to problematic use, which studies show can be predicted by psychological distress. Self-determination theory proposes that we all have the basic need for autonomy, competency, and relatedness. This has been shown to explain the motivations behind problematic Internet use. This study hypothesizes that individuals who are psychologically disturbed because their basic needs are not being met are more vulnerable to becoming reliant on the Internet when they seek such needs satisfaction from online activities, and tests a model in which basic needs predict problematic Internet use, fully mediated by psychological distress. Problematic Internet use, psychological distress, and basic needs satisfaction were psychometrically measured in a sample of 229 Hong Kong University students and structural equation modeling was used to test the hypothesized model. All indices showed the model has a good fit. Further, statistical testing supported a mediation effect for psychological distress between needs satisfaction and problematic Internet use. The results extend our understanding of the development and prevention of problematic Internet use based on the framework of self-determination theory. Psychological distress could be used as an early predictor, while preventing and treating problematic Internet use should emphasize the fulfillment of unmet needs. PMID:25642201

Wong, Ting Yat; Yuen, Kenneth S. L.; Li, Wang On

2015-01-01

59

Cultural psychology of surprise: holistic theories and recognition of contradiction.  

PubMed

The authors tested the hypothesis that East Asians, because of their holistic reasoning, take contradiction and inconsistency for granted and consequently are less likely than Americans to experience surprise. Studies 1 and 2 showed that Korean participants displayed less surprise and greater hindsight bias than American participants did when a target's behavior contradicted their expectations. Studies 3 and 4 further demonstrated that even when contradiction was created in highly explicit ways, Korean participants experienced little surprise, whereas American participants reported substantial surprise. We discuss the implications of these findings for various issues, including the psychology of conviction, cognitive dissonance, and the development of science. PMID:11138759

Choi, I; Nisbett, R E

2000-12-01

60

Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: Identifying factors predictive of managing upper respiratory tract infections without antibiotics  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Psychological models can be used to understand and predict behaviour in a wide range of settings. However, they have not been consistently applied to health professional behaviours, and the contribution of differing theories is not clear. The aim of this study was to explore the usefulness of a range of psychological theories to predict health professional behaviour relating to

Martin P Eccles; Jeremy M Grimshaw; Marie Johnston; Nick Steen; Nigel B Pitts; Ruth Thomas; Elizabeth Glidewell; Graeme Maclennan; Debbie Bonetti; Anne Walker

2007-01-01

61

Capable of Suicide: A Functional Model of the Acquired Capability Component of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A functional model of the acquired capability for suicide, a component of Joiner's (2005) Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide, is presented. A component of Joiner's (2005) Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide a functional model of the acquired capability for suicide is presented. The model integrates the points discussed by…

Smith, Phillip N.; Cukrowicz, Kelly C.

2010-01-01

62

A Further Assessment of “Circle Theory” for Geographic Psychological Profiling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Circle theory of environmental range (Canter & Larkin, 1993) has demonstrated utility for the analysis of the spatial distribution of serial rape and arson offences, but the theory's applicability to the crime of multiple burglary is more equivocal. The present study analysed the spatial distribution of 58 multiple burglary cases that had occurred in four Australian rural towns. The

Richard N. Kocsis; Ray W. Cooksey; Harvey J. Irwin; Greg Allen

2002-01-01

63

The Theory of Evolution: Of What Value to Psychology?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Political considerations and the inadequacies of traditional evolutionary theory for explaining significant behaviors have discouraged psychologists from studying and using it in the past. However, the modern synthetic theory of evolution can enrich psychologists’ repertoire of explanatory concepts by providing a critical perspective for analyzing human nature, helping them to integrate the costs and benefits of learning into their thinking,

Charles B. Crawford

1989-01-01

64

Evolutionary psychology and rational-emotive theory: Time to open the floodgates  

Microsoft Academic Search

Main tenets, issues, and controversies for evolutionary psychology (EP), particularly its cognitive aspects, are introduced, clarified, and applied to the theory and philosophy of rational-emotive therapy (RET). Specifically, key concepts in EP are applied to Ellis' genetic postulate for cognitive demandingness and grandiosity, and are incorporated into Ruth's (1992) RET evolutionary proposal. The following issues are examined for demanding and

William J. Ruth

1993-01-01

65

The Role of Optimism in the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A possible relationship between Joiner's (2005) interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior and optimism was investigated by examining the ability of optimism to act as a moderator of perceived burdensomeness, thwarted belongingness, and acquired capability to engage in self-injury in the prediction of suicidal ideation. Results…

Rasmussen, Kathy A.; Wingate, LaRicka R.

2011-01-01

66

Common prescriptions for psychology derived from dialectical materialism and chaos theory.  

PubMed

During the entire Soviet period (1917-1991), Russian psychologists labored to create a psychology which would be consonant with Marxist-Leninist assumptions derived from dialectical materialism. Some of their early prescriptions, in particular those put forward by Konstantin N. Kornilov in the 1920s and early 1930s, are identical to strategies being advanced by contemporary American psychologists who propose that chaos theory and nonlinear meta-modeling techniques in general, given advances in computer and television technologies, can be designed for research capable of dealing with the complexities, nonlinearities, self-organizational processes, and abrupt transformations characteristic of human psychological functioning. PMID:10840901

Gilgen, A R

2000-04-01

67

In: Biological Theory, 2007, 2 Why evolution has to matter to cognitive psychology and to philosophy of mind  

E-print Network

in cognitive science, such as the development of mentalisation, the psychology of action and of reasoning1 In: Biological Theory, 2007, 2 Why evolution has to matter to cognitive psychology, psycholinguistics, cognitive anthropology and A.I. Growing suspicions were raised however that an exclusively

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

68

Theory underlying CRM training: Psychological issues in flight crew performance and crew coordination  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

What psychological theory and research can reveal about training in Cockpit Resource Management (CRM) is summarized. A framework is provided for the critical analysis of current approaches to CRM training. Background factors and definitions critical to evaluating CRM are reviewed, followed by a discussion of issues directly related to CRM training effectiveness. Some of the things not known about the optimization of crew performance and the research needed to make these efforts as effective as possible are described.

Helmreich, Robert L.

1987-01-01

69

The impact of Einsteinian relativity and quantum physics theories on conceptualizations of the self in psychology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Prior to the 1600s c.e., the church was the final authority for theories about the universe and humanity's role within it. However, when the mathematical theories put forth by scientists such as Copernicus and Galileo refuted traditional theological explanations about the cosmos, a shift to science as the premiere authority for theories was established, a tradition which continues to this day. In the following century, the work of Newton set forth a theory of the universe operating as a machine, where all things were potentially knowable, measurable, and predictable. His mechanistic hypotheses helped substantiate a corollary philosophy known as modernism. In the early 1900s, Einstein's theories about light and relativity began to indicate a universe significantly less absolute. His work set the stage for the development of quantum physics theories, whose hallmarks are probability, uncertainty, and complementarity. Quantum physics theories helped substantiate the philosophy known as postmodernism, where truth is nonexistent, reality is a subjectively constructed phenomenon, and the concept of an individual self is considered an illusion. Given that developments in physics have had profound impact across academic disciplines, including psychology, this study examine the effect of major revolutions in physics to corollary developments in theories about the self in psychology. It is the assertion of this work that modernist conceptualization of the self is one that is highly individualistic and defined in mechanistic terms, whereas the postmodern conceptualization of the self is significantly more socially constructed and has more interpersonally fluid, amorphous boundaries. Implications for conceptualizations of the self from either the modern or postmodern paradigm are discussed, as well as suggestions for future theory development.

Rechberger, Elke Ruth

1999-11-01

70

Understanding psychological distress among mothers in rural Nepal: a qualitative grounded theory exploration  

PubMed Central

Background There is a large burden of psychological distress in low and middle-income countries, and culturally relevant interventions must be developed to address it. This requires an understanding of how distress is experienced. We conducted a qualitative grounded theory study to understand how mothers experience and manage distress in Dhanusha, a low-resource setting in rural Nepal. We also explored how distressed mothers interact with their families and the wider community. Methods Participants were identified during a cluster-randomised controlled trial in which mothers were screened for psychological distress using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). We conducted 22 semi-structured interviews with distressed mothers (GHQ-12 score ?5) and one with a traditional healer (dhami), as well as 12 focus group discussions with community members. Data were analysed using grounded theory methods and a model was developed to explain psychological distress in this setting. Results We found that distress was termed tension by participants and mainly described in terms of physical symptoms. Key perceived causes of distress were poor health, lack of sons, and fertility problems. Tension developed in a context of limited autonomy for women and perceived duty towards the family. Distressed mothers discussed several strategies to alleviate tension, including seeking treatment for perceived physical health problems and tension from doctors or dhamis, having repeated pregnancies until a son was delivered, manipulating social circumstances in the household, and deciding to accept their fate. Their ability to implement these strategies depended on whether they were able to negotiate with their in-laws or husbands for resources. Conclusions Vulnerability, as a consequence of gender and social disadvantage, manifests as psychological distress among mothers in Dhanusha. Screening tools incorporating physical symptoms of tension should be envisaged, along with interventions to address gender inequity, support marital relationships, and improve access to perinatal healthcare. PMID:24581309

2014-01-01

71

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology  

E-print Network

Developmental Psychology Developmental psychology is concerned with both physical and psychological changes throughout life-- from conception until death. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching Program Developmental Psychology is a specialized major within Psychology that focuses on child

72

Suicidal Desire and the Capability for Suicide: Tests of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior among Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (T. E. Joiner, 2005) proposes that an individual will not die by suicide unless he or she has both the desire to die by suicide and the ability to do so. Three studies test the theory's hypotheses. In Study 1, the interaction of thwarted belongingness and perceived burdensomeness…

Van Orden, Kimberly A.; Witte, Tracy K.; Gordon, Kathryn H.; Bender, Theodore W.; Joiner, Thomas E., Jr.

2008-01-01

73

Psychological Defenses against Death Anxiety: Integrating Terror Management Theory and Firestone's Separation Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author attempts to integrate Terror Management Theory (TMT) and R. W. Firestone's Separation Theory (1984, 1994). Both theories emphasize defense against death anxiety as a key human motive. Whereas TMT focuses extensively on self-esteem and cultural worldview, Firestone posited additional defenses such as gene survival, self-nourishing…

Bassett, Jonathan F.

2007-01-01

74

Big Data, Socio-Psychological Theory, Algorithmic Text Analysis and Predicting the Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index  

E-print Network

We describe an exercise of using Big Data to predict the Michigan Consumer Sentiment Index, a widely used indicator of the state of confidence in the US economy. We carry out the exercise from a pure ex ante perspective. We use the methodology of algorithmic text analysis of an archive of brokers' reports over the period June 2010 through June 2013. The search is directed by the social-psychological theory of agent behaviour, namely conviction narrative theory. We compare one month ahead forecasts generated this way over a 15 month period with the forecasts reported for the consensus predictions of Wall Street economists. The former give much more accurate predictions, getting the direction of change correct on 12 of the 15 occasions compared to only 7 for the consensus predictions. We show that the approach retains significant predictive power even over a four month ahead horizon.

Nyman, Rickard

2014-01-01

75

Psyche=singularity: A comparison of Carl Jung's transpersonal psychology and Leonard Susskind's holographic string theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this dissertation I discern what Carl Jung calls the mandala image of the ultimate archetype of unity underlying and structuring cosmos and psyche by pointing out parallels between his transpersonal psychology and Stanford physicist Leonard Susskind's string theory. Despite his atheistic, materialistically reductionist interpretation of it, I demonstrate how Susskind's string theory of holographic information conservation at the event horizons of black holes, and the cosmic horizon of the universe, corroborates the following four topics about which Jung wrote: (1) his near-death experience of the cosmic horizon after a heart attack in 1944; ( 2) his equation relating psychic energy to mass, "Psyche=highest intensity in the smallest space" (1997, 162), which I translate into the equation, Psyche=Singularity; (3) his theory that the mandala, a circle or sphere with a central point, is the symbolic image of the ultimate archetype of unity through the union of opposites, which structures both cosmos and psyche, and which rises spontaneously from the collective unconscious to compensate a conscious mind torn by irreconcilable demands (1989, 334-335, 396-397); and (4) his theory of synchronicity. I argue that Susskind's inside-out black hole model of our Big Bang universe forms a geometrically perfect mandala: a central Singularity encompassed by a two-dimensional sphere which serves as a universal memory bank. Moreover, in precise fulfillment of Jung's theory, Susskind used that mandala to reconcile the notoriously incommensurable paradigms of general relativity and quantum mechanics, providing in the process a mathematically plausible explanation for Jung's near-death experience of his past, present, and future life simultaneously at the cosmic horizon. Finally, Susskind's theory also provides a plausible cosmological model to explain Jung's theory of synchronicity--meaningful coincidences may be tied together by strings at the cosmic horizon, from which they radiate inward as the holographic "movie" of our three-dimensional world.

Desmond, Timothy

76

Psychological behaviorism and behaviorizing psychology  

PubMed Central

Paradigmatic or psychological behaviorism (PB), in a four-decade history of development, has been shaped by its goal, the establishment of a behaviorism that can also serve as the approach in psychology (Watson's original goal). In the process, PB has become a new generation of behaviorism with abundant heuristic avenues for development in theory, philosophy, methodology, and research. Psychology has resources, purview and problem areas, and nascent developments of many kinds, gathered in chaotic diversity, needing unification (and other things) that cognitivism cannot provide. Behaviorism can, within PB's multilevel framework for connecting and advancing both psychology and behaviorism. PMID:22478175

Staats, Arthur W.

1994-01-01

77

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

of psychology, such as, normal or abnormal developmental psychology, personality, social psychologyCounseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY

VandeVord, Pamela

78

The Application of the Theory of Reasoned Action and Planned Behavior to Prevention Science in Counseling Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theory of reasoned action and planned behavior (TRA/PB) is a model of behavior change that has been extensively studied in the health sciences but has had limited exposure in the counseling psychology literature. The model offers counseling psychologists a framework to conceptualize prevention research and practice. The model is important to…

Romano, John L.; Netland, Jason D.

2008-01-01

79

Improving grounded theory research in sport and exercise psychology: Further reflections as a response to Mike Weed  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe purposes of this paper were to respond to and expand upon Weed's (2009) critique of the use of grounded theory methodology in sport and exercise psychology. Our objectives were to clarify and correct some issues and suggest solutions to the valid problems identified.

Nicholas L. Holt; Katherine A. Tamminen

2010-01-01

80

Applying Social Cognitive Career Theory to Predict Interests and Choice Goals in Statistics among Spanish Psychology Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the usefulness of social cognitive career theory--SCCT (Lent, Brown, and Hackett, 1994) in predicting interests and goals relating to statistics among psychology students. The participants were 1036 Spanish students who completed measurements of statistics-related mastery experiences, self-efficacy, outcome expectations,…

Blanco, Angeles

2011-01-01

81

The Disillusionment of Students Denied Admission to a Preferred Major Viewed from the Perspective of a Psychological Theory of Alienation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why students respond differently when they are denied admission to a preferred academic major may be explained using a psychological theory of alienation. Using this theoretical perspective, three trajectories producing feelings of alienation are presented. The most intense of these trajectories, the process of disillusionment, is examined using a…

Barber, Clifton E.

2014-01-01

82

Normative Bias and Adaptive Challenges: A Relational Approach to Coalitional Psychology and a Critique of Terror Management Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adherence to ingroup ideology increases after exposure to death-related stimuli, a reaction that proponents of terror management theory (TMT) explain as a psychological defense against the uniquely human existential fear of death. We argue that existential concerns are not the relevant issue; rather, such concepts can be subsumed under a larger category of adaptive challenges that prime coalitional thinking. We

Carlos David Navarrete; Daniel M. T. Fessler

83

A Critique of Social Bonding and Control Theory of Delinquency Using the Principles of Psychology of Mind.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the refined principles of Psychology of Mind and shows how their logical interaction can help explain the comparative amounts of deviant and conforming behavior of youthful offenders. The logic of these principles is used to examine the major assumptions of social bonding and control theory of delinquency focusing predominantly on the…

Kelley, Thomas M.

1996-01-01

84

Putting theory of mind in its place: psychological explanations of the socio-emotional-communicative impairments in autistic spectrum disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this review, the history of the theory of mind (ToM) theory of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is outlined (in which ToM is indexed by success on false belief tasks), and the explanatory power and psychological causes of impaired ToM in ASD are critically discussed. It is concluded that impaired ToM by itself has only limited explanatory power, but that

Jill Boucher

2012-01-01

85

Putting Theory of Mind in Its Place: Psychological Explanations of the Socio-Emotional-Communicative Impairments in Autistic Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this review, the history of the theory of mind (ToM) theory of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is outlined (in which ToM is indexed by success on false belief tasks), and the explanatory power and psychological causes of impaired ToM in ASD are critically discussed. It is concluded that impaired ToM by itself has only limited explanatory…

Boucher, Jill

2012-01-01

86

The Effect of Perspective on Misconceptions in Psychology: A Test of Conceptual Change Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To test whether students' knowledge about psychology undergoes a conceptual change when learning about the discipline, 227 Introductory Psychology students from six different classes were given the Psychology as a Science (PAS) Scale in one of two conditions. Students were randomly assigned to complete the questionnaire from their own (Self…

Amsel, Eric; Johnston, Adam; Alvarado, Elly; Kettering, Jack; Rankin, Lauren; Ward, Melissa

2009-01-01

87

Introduction to the Social and Psychological Perspectives and Theories in Collaboration and Communication Technology Research Minitrack  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technology supported collaboration and communication between individuals entails complex social and psychological situations. An understanding of social and psychological aspects of collaboration is essential to creating productive work environments. The use of collaboration and communication systems is framed by the psychological and social factors concerning the users and their work environment. It is important to understand these factors to successfully

Triparna de Vreede; Roni Reiter-Palmon

2012-01-01

88

Making psychological theory useful for implementing evidence based practice: a consensus approach  

PubMed Central

Background: Evidence-based guidelines are often not implemented effectively with the result that best health outcomes are not achieved. This may be due to a lack of theoretical understanding of the processes involved in changing the behaviour of healthcare professionals. This paper reports the development of a consensus on a theoretical framework that could be used in implementation research. The objectives were to identify an agreed set of key theoretical constructs for use in (1) studying the implementation of evidence based practice and (2) developing strategies for effective implementation, and to communicate these constructs to an interdisciplinary audience. Methods: Six phases of work were conducted to develop a consensus: (1) identifying theoretical constructs; (2) simplifying into construct domains; (3) evaluating the importance of the construct domains; (4) interdisciplinary evaluation; (5) validating the domain list; and (6) piloting interview questions. The contributors were a "psychological theory" group (n = 18), a "health services research" group (n = 13), and a "health psychology" group (n = 30). Results: Twelve domains were identified to explain behaviour change: (1) knowledge, (2) skills, (3) social/professional role and identity, (4) beliefs about capabilities, (5) beliefs about consequences, (6) motivation and goals, (7) memory, attention and decision processes, (8) environmental context and resources, (9) social influences, (10) emotion regulation, (11) behavioural regulation, and (12) nature of the behaviour. Conclusions: A set of behaviour change domains agreed by a consensus of experts is available for use in implementation research. Applications of this domain list will enhance understanding of the behaviour change processes inherent in implementation of evidence-based practice and will also test the validity of these proposed domains. PMID:15692000

Michie, S; Johnston, M; Abraham, C; Lawton, R; Parker, D; Walker, A; on, b

2005-01-01

89

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Counseling Psychology Educational Psychology College of Education Phone: (313) 577-1618, 577-1743 Fax: (313) 577-5235 http://coe.wayne.edu/tbf/edp/counseling-psychology COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY WITH AN EMPHASIS IN COUPLE AND FAMILY PSYCHOLOGY May, 2012 The program area of Educational Psychology offers

Berdichevsky, Victor

90

Course: PSY675 (section 29886); Seminar in Psychological Measurement Course Description General principles, theory and methods underlying measurement in studies of group and  

E-print Network

General principles, theory and methods underlying measurement in studies of group and individual, validity, etc.), presumably due to the variable (and latent) nature of our units of analysis (i.e., people, Clinical Psychology, Experimental Psychology, etc.)or in the development of psychometric instruments (i

Gallo, Linda C.

91

Intuitive physics and intuitive psychology (“theory of mind”) in offspring of mothers with psychoses  

PubMed Central

Offspring of individuals with psychoses sometimes display an abnormal development of cognition, language, motor performance, social adaptation, and emotional functions. The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of children of mothers with schizophrenia (n = 28) and bipolar disorder (n = 23) to understand mental states of others using the Eyes Test (folk psychology or “theory of mind”) and physical causal interactions of inanimate objects (folk physics). Compared with healthy controls (n = 29), the children of mothers with schizophrenia displayed significantly impaired performances on the Eyes Test but not on the folk physics test when corrected for IQ. The children of mothers with bipolar disorder did not differ from the controls. The folk physics test showed a significant covariance with IQ, whereas the Eyes Test did not exhibit such covariance. These results suggest that the attribution of mental states, but not the interpretation of causal interaction of objects, is impaired in offspring of individuals with schizophrenia, which may contribute to social dysfunctions. PMID:24749009

Maróthi, Rebeka

2014-01-01

92

A critique of social bonding and control theory of delinquency using the principles of Psychology of Mind.  

PubMed

The present paper first describes the refined principles of Psychology of Mind (POM) and shows how their logical interaction can help explain the comparative amounts of both deviant and conforming behavior engaged in by youthful offenders. The logic of these principles is then used to examine the major assumptions of social bonding and control theory of delinquency focusing predominantly on the formulations of Walter Reckless (1956) and Travis Hirschi (1969). PMID:8726893

Kelley, T M

1996-01-01

93

Using Achievement Goal Theory to Translate Psychological Principles into Practice in the Secondary Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As teachers begin to respond to educational reform efforts that stipulate the use of research-based practices in the classroom and translate them into feasible everyday approaches in the secondary classroom, many have turned to the field of educational psychology for guidance. This article uses educational psychology research on achievement goal…

Deemer, Sandra A.

2004-01-01

94

Professional Philosophy in the Sport Psychology Service Delivery: Building on Theory and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Practitioners in helping professions have recognized the importance of philosophy of service as a fundamental factor driving the process of behavior change. This article explores professional philosophy as an underlying element of successful sport psychology service delivery. A hierarchical structure of professional philosophy is proposed that delineates important components both overtly discussed and implied in the sport psychology literature. These

Artur Poczwardowski; Clay P. Sherman; Ken Ravizza

95

Psychological Theory as Intergroup Perspective: A Comparative Analysis of “Scientific” and “Lay” Accounts of Crowd Events  

Microsoft Academic Search

The central argument of this paper is that the popular success of crowd psychology is in part due to its correspondence with the perspective of outgroup members. This is supported by a comparative analysis of traditional crowd psychology and lay accounts of crowd events drawn from street disturbances in St. Pauls, Bristol, in 1980. Five basic types of error are

Stephen Reicher; Jonathan Potter

1985-01-01

96

Roles for Software Technologies in Advancing Research and Theory in Educational Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While reviews abound on theoretical topics in educational psychology, it is rare that we examine our field's instrumentation development, and what effects this has on educational psychology's evolution. To repair this gap, this paper investigates and reveals the implications of software technologies for researching and theorizing about core issues…

Hadwin, Allyson F.; Winne, Philip H.; Nesbit, John C.

2005-01-01

97

Theory and Practice: Ernest Becker: a vital resource for counselling psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we highlight the work of Ernest Becker for counselling psychology professionals and provide a brief overview of Becker's contributions. Several important themes from his writings relevant to counselling psychology are reviewed, including: the uniqueness of man, socialization and self-esteem, culture and heroism, the relativity of heroism, the fear of death, and the dynamics of evil. We also

Patrick H. Munley; Phillip D. Johnson

2003-01-01

98

Positive Art Therapy: Linking Positive Psychology to Art Therapy Theory, Practice, and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a growing movement in the larger field of mental health, positive psychology has much to offer the art therapy profession, which in turn is uniquely poised to contribute to the study of optimal functioning. This article discusses the relationship of positive psychology to art therapy and its capacity to mobilize client strengths, to induce…

Wilkinson, Rebecca A.; Chilton, Gioia

2013-01-01

99

Analysis of cognitive theories in artificial intelligence and psychology in relation to the qualitative process of emotion  

SciTech Connect

The purpose of this study was to analyze selected cognitive theories in the areas of artificial intelligence (A.I.) and psychology to determine the role of emotions in the cognitive or intellectual processes. Understanding the relationship of emotions to processes of intelligence has implications for constructing theories of aesthetic response and A.I. systems in art. Psychological theories were examined that demonstrated the changing nature of the research in emotion related to cognition. The basic techniques in A.I. were reviewed and the A.I. research was analyzed to determine the process of cognition and the role of emotion. The A.I. research emphasized the digital, quantifiable character of the computer and associated cognitive models and programs. In conclusion, the cognitive-emotive research in psychology and the cognitive research in A.I. emphasized quantification methods over analog and qualitative characteristics required for a holistic explanation of cognition. Further A.I. research needs to examine the qualitative aspects of values, attitudes, and beliefs on influencing the creative thinking processes. Inclusion of research related to qualitative problem solving in art provides a more comprehensive base of study for examining the area of intelligence in computers.

Semrau, P.

1987-01-01

100

Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280  

E-print Network

1 Abnormal Psychology Psychology 280 1st Summer Session 2013 May 13June 27, 2013 Tuesday" Kalibatseva, M.A. Office: 127B Psychology Building Email: kalibats@msu.edu Phone Psychology PhD program at Michigan State University. I completed my bachelor's dual degree in psychology

Liu, Taosheng

101

Reciprocal Relationships between Resource Loss and Psychological Distress Following Exposure to Political Violence: An Empirical Investigation of COR Theory’s Loss Spirals  

PubMed Central

We conducted a four-wave prospective study of Palestinian adults living in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem, interviewed between 2007 and 2009 at 6-month intervals to explore transactional relationships among resource loss (i.e., intra- and inter-personal resource loss) and psychological distress (i.e., PTSD and depression symptoms). Initially, 1196 Palestinians completed the first wave interview and 752 of these participants completed all four interviews. A cross-lagged panel design was constructed to model the effects of trauma exposure on both resource loss and psychological distress and the subsequent reciprocal effects of resource loss and psychological distress across four time waves. Specifically, resource loss was modeled to predict distress, which in turn was expected to predict further resource loss. Structural equation modeling was used to test this design. We found that psychological distress significantly predicts resource loss across shorter, 6-month time waves, but that resource loss predicts distress across longer, 12-month intervals. These findings support the Conservation of Resources theory’s corollary of loss spirals. PMID:22091974

Heath, Nicole M.; Hall, Brian J.; Russ, Eric U.; Canetti, Daphna; Hobfoll, Stevan E.

2011-01-01

102

Connecting Psychological Type and the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) with Reversal Theory and the Apter Motivational Style Profile (AMSP): A Research Report Authors  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the findings of a study researching possible connections between psychological type theory, measured and reported by the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), and reversal theory, a motivational model measured and reported by the Apter Motivational Styles Profile (AMSP). We were interested in these specific theories and instruments because of the differences in their underlying theoretical assumptions, with

Jennifer Tucker; Hile Rutledge

103

The birth of experimental psychology in Germany between psychophysical methods and physiological theories.  

PubMed

In 1879 Wundt's laboratory of psychology was opened in Leipzig, and it has been the landmark ever since for the beginning of modern experimental psychology. Its founder, Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt, was the first to successfully demarcate the areas of scientific psychology as being distinct from either physiology or philosophy, thus guaranteeing the survival of psychology, which was regarded as an autonomous discipline set upon a secure institutional framework. This paper attempts to clarify the basic facts and concepts related to the roots of scientific psychology in Germany, i.e., the context in which the "Founding Father" worked, as well as of those predecessors who proposed the topics and apparatus of his laboratory. Attention will be paid in particular to the psychophysical methods of Weber and Fechner, especially in regard to colour perception. In this context, an outline is presented of the history of reaction time experiments in astronomy, physiology, and psychology, and of the role played by the scientific instruments. It is shown how the methodology of physics and physiology contributed to the emancipation of scientific psychology and to the formation of its orientation. PMID:19569432

Sinatra, Maria

2006-01-01

104

Achievement goal theory and self-efficacy theory: Predicting the psychological effects of a New York Road Runners Foundation running program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the utility of combining achievement goal and self-efficacy theories to gain a broader understanding of the psychological benefits of youth sport participation. The first purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationship between ego-orientation and self-esteem. The second aim was to examine the mediating effect of self-efficacy on the relationship

Ariella Soffer

2008-01-01

105

Putting theory of mind in its place: psychological explanations of the socio-emotional-communicative impairments in autistic spectrum disorder.  

PubMed

In this review, the history of the theory of mind (ToM) theory of autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) is outlined (in which ToM is indexed by success on false belief tasks), and the explanatory power and psychological causes of impaired ToM in ASD are critically discussed. It is concluded that impaired ToM by itself has only limited explanatory power, but that explorations of the psychological precursors of impaired ToM have been fruitful in increasing understanding of mindreading impairments in ASD (where 'mindreading' refers those abilities that underlie triadic interaction as well as ToM). It is argued that early explanations of impaired mindreading are untenable for various reasons, but that impairments of dyadic interaction in ASD that could lead to impaired ability to represent others' mental states may be the critical psychological cause, or causes, of impaired ToM. The complexity of causal routes to impaired ToM is emphasized. PMID:22297199

Boucher, Jill

2012-05-01

106

Early applied psychology between essentialism and pragmatism; the dynamics of theory, tools, and clients.  

PubMed

The indebtedness of applied psychology to classical laboratory psychology is much greater than is usually assumed. It manifests itself both in the initial use of laboratory apparatus and diagnostic tools and in the conception of vocational fitness as a matter of the same elementary mental functions as those measured in the laboratory. In America this psychological essentialism soon gave way to a more pragmatic approach, aimed at prediction of success. As the history of the psychotechnical movement shows, this transition occurred on the European continent much later. The disparity is explained by differences in the primary audience of the pioneers of practice at both sides of the Atlantic. The development of occupational psychology is used as a case of transition in investigative style in general. PMID:11620315

Van Strien, P J

1998-08-01

107

Arbitrary Metrics in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many psychological tests have arbitrary metrics but are appropriate for testing psychological theories. Metric arbitrariness is a concern, however, when researchers wish to draw inferences about the true, absolute standing of a group or individual on the latent psychological dimension being measured. The authors illustrate this in the context of 2…

Blanton, Hart; Jaccard, James

2006-01-01

108

Theory and concepts of prevention science as applied to clinical psychology.  

PubMed

This article provides an overview for this special issue on prevention science in clinical psychology. A brief historical perspective on prevention in clinical psychology is presented. An even greater emphasis on prevention in the future is related to changes in the current health-care system and their likely impact on psychological practice as we move into the next century. Conceptual and theoretical models of the prevention enterprise are addressed with a distinction drawn between health promotion and disease prevention in the areas of mental disorders and general physical health. The classification of preventive interventions is discussed and methodological challenges to outcomes research are outlined. The article concludes with a discussion of training and public policy implications and a brief overview of the other articles included in this special issue on prevention science. PMID:10429841

Holden, E W; Black, M M

1999-06-01

109

A Contemporary Story of School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of recent school psychology publications was conducted to discover the espoused theory of contemporary school psychology, as distinct from school psychology practice. We considered that identification of the espoused theory of school psychology, the story of school psychology, would support professional reflection and the identification…

Annan, Jean; Priestley, Anna

2012-01-01

110

New and Expanded Concepts in Neurophysiology, Psychology, and Sociology Complementary to Llorens' Developmental Theory: Achieving Growth and Development through Occupation for Neonatal Infants and their Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: This issue expands the Llorens’ Developmental Theory of Occupational Therapy. Llorens drew from multiple theorists from the disciplines of sociology, neurophysiology, biology, ecology, psychology, occupational science, and psychodynamics to provide the profession of occupational therapy with a unified theory to facilitate growth and development for people of all ages—from infancy to old age.Purpose: The purpose of this issue is

Lynne F. La Corte

2008-01-01

111

Model Selection and Psychological Theory: A Discussion of the Differences between the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews the Akaike information criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian information criterion (BIC) in model selection and the appraisal of psychological theory. The focus is on latent variable models, given their growing use in theory testing and construction. Theoretical statistical results in regression are discussed, and more important…

Vrieze, Scott I.

2012-01-01

112

"The casual cruelty of our prejudices": on Walter Lippmann's theory of stereotype and its "obliteration" in psychology and social science.  

PubMed

Reflecting on his wartime government service, Walter Lippmann (1922) developed a theory of policy formulation and error. Introducing the constructs of stereotype, mental model, blind spots, and the process of manufacturing consent, his theory prescribed interdisciplinary social science as a tool for enhancing policy making in business and government. Lippmann used his influence with the Rockefeller foundations, business leaders, Harvard and the University of Chicago to gain support for this program. Citation analysis of references to "stereotype" and Lippmann reveals the rapid spread of the concept across the social sciences and in public discourse paralleled by obliteration by incorporation of the wider theory in behavioral science. "Stereotype" is increasingly invoked in anthropology, economics, and sociology though Lippmann and his wider theory ceased being cited decades ago. In psychology, citations are increasing but content analysis revealed blind spots and misconceptions about the theory and prescription. Studies of heuristics, biases, and organizational decision substantiate Lippmann's theory of judgment and choice. But his model for social science failed to consider the bounded rationality and blind spots of its practitioners. Policy formulation today is supported by research from narrow disciplinary silos not interdisciplinary science that reflects an awareness of history. PMID:22936385

Bottom, William P; Kong, Dejun Tony

2012-01-01

113

Inside Doubt: On the Non-Identity of the Theory of Mind and Propositional Attitude Psychology  

E-print Network

in connectionist psychology. Our actual folk psy- chology was not clearly committed to causal, sentential and on our scientific psy- chologies that the issue of eliminative materialism has been so very promi- nent to the extent that our everyday psy- chology really is deeply flawed. Unless our traditional system

Landy, David

114

Measuring Lifestyle and Attachment: An Empirical Investigation Linking Individual Psychology and Attachment Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

P. R. Peluso, J. P. Peluso, J. F. White, and R. M. Kern (2004) reviewed the theoretical constructs underlying the similarities between lifestyle and attachment style. Specifically, they suggested that the individual psychology construct of lifestyle (or style of life) and attachment style should be empirically investigated. The present research…

Peluso, Paul R.; Peluso, Jennifer P.; Buckner, Janine P.; Kern, Roy M.; Curlette, William

2009-01-01

115

Applying Social Cognitive Theory to Interest in Research Among Counseling Psychology Doctoral Students: A Path Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, the R. W. Lent, S. D. Brown, and G. Hackett (1994) social cognitive model of interest development was applied to the prediction of interest in research. Participants included 184 counseling psychology doctoral students. Results of a path analysis indicated that 5 variables were significant predictors of interest in research: research outcome expectations, research self-efficacy beliefs, investigative interests,

Rosean M. Bishop; Kathleen J. Bieschke

1998-01-01

116

In Search of Theory: The Study of "Ethnic Groups" in Developmental Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the conceptual status and uses of ethnic groups in developmental psychology. Discusses problems with the primordialist position and the influence of nationalism in defining culture. Argues that culture and ethnicity as shared and located within a bounded population is an increasingly outmoded notion. Maintains that developmental…

Gjerde, Per F.; Onishi, Miyoko

2000-01-01

117

Multiracial Self-Identification and Adolescent Outcomes: A Social Psychological Approach to the Marginal Man Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent public health research has consistently reported that self-identified multiracial adolescents tend to display more problem behaviors and psychological difficulties than monoracial adolescents. Relying on insights from qualitative analyses using small or clinical samples to interpret these empirical patterns, these studies implicitly assume…

Cheng, Simon; Lively, Kathryn J.

2009-01-01

118

Clinical Supervision and Psychological Functions: A New Direction for Theory and Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relates Carl Jung's concept of psychological functions to four families of clinical supervision: the original clinical models, the humanistic/artistic models, the technical/didactic models, and the developmental/reflective models. Differences among clinical supervision models within these families are clarified as representing "communication…

Pajak, Edward

2002-01-01

119

A Theory of Natural Change Revisited: Theology, Psychology, and Pastoral Counseling  

Microsoft Academic Search

To whatever school of psychology we lay claim, it makes modest sense as pastors engaging in counseling as an act of faithfulness to the God who created the creature with the capacity to change, that we remain first and foremost the theologians we are called to be. We may lament that legions of priests and priestesses from the pantheon of

1999-01-01

120

A New Theoretical Psychology?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is suggested that the study of artificial intelligence can provide ways of thinking about the human mind that are potentially valuable in formulating cognitive theories. Theoretical psychology is proposed as an appropriate classification for this branch of theory. (MSE)

Longuet-Higgins, H. C.

1982-01-01

121

Psychology in Action: Psychology in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Psychologists in the People's Republic of China are engaged in research concerning theory, Chinese language, child development, vision, audition, and areas of physiological psychology including acupuncture, pain, memory, and central nervous system functioning. The Institute of Psychology within the Chinese Academy of Sciences represents the…

Hsiao, Sigmund

1977-01-01

122

Evolutionary Psychology, Complex Systems, and Social Theory Bruce MacLennan  

E-print Network

narrative incorporating contemporary social theory, cognitive science, and neuroscience. The purpose for the relevance of connectionist cognitive science to social theory, and I will explore some of the consequent implications of connectionism for social theory. From there I will turn to cognitive neuroscience, which has

MacLennan, Bruce

123

Money Buys Financial Security and Psychological Need Satisfaction: Testing Need Theory in Affluence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most prominent theory to explain the curvilinear relationship between income and subjective well-being (SWB) is need theory, which proposes that increased income and wealth can lead to increased well-being in poverty because money is used to satisfy basic physiological needs. The present study tests the tenets of need theory by proposing that…

Howell, Ryan T.; Kurai, Mark; Tam, Leona

2013-01-01

124

Making good theory practical: five lessons for an Applied Social Identity Approach to challenges of organizational, health, and clinical psychology.  

PubMed

Social identity research was pioneered as a distinctive theoretical approach to the analysis of intergroup relations but over the last two decades it has increasingly been used to shed light on applied issues. One early application of insights from social identity and self-categorization theories was to the organizational domain (with a particular focus on leadership), but more recently there has been a surge of interest in applications to the realm of health and clinical topics. This article charts the development of this Applied Social Identity Approach, and abstracts five core lessons from the research that has taken this forward. (1) Groups and social identities matter because they have a critical role to play in organizational and health outcomes. (2) Self-categorizations matter because it is people's self-understandings in a given context that shape their psychology and behaviour. (3) The power of groups is unlocked by working with social identities not across or against them. (4) Social identities need to be made to matter in deed not just in word. (5) Psychological intervention is always political because it always involves some form of social identity management. Programmes that seek to incorporate these principles are reviewed and important challenges and opportunities for the future are identified. PMID:24627990

Haslam, S Alexander

2014-03-01

125

Social Learning Theory and Developmental Psychology: The Legacies of Robert Sears and Albert Bandura  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social learning theory began as an attempt by Robert Sears and others to meld psychoanalytic and stimulus-response learning theory into a comprehensive explanation of human behavior, drawing on the clinical richness of the former and the rigor of the latter. Albert Bandura abandoned the psychoanalytic and drive features of the approach, emphasizing instead cognitive and information-processing capacities that mediate social

Joan E. Grusec

1992-01-01

126

Social Learning Theory and Developmental Psychology: The Legacies of Robert Sears and Albert Bandura.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social learning theory is evaluated from a historical perspective that goes up to the present. Sears and others melded psychoanalytic and stimulus-response learning theory into a comprehensive explanation of human behavior. Bandura emphasized cognitive and information-processing capacities that mediate social behavior. (LB)

Grusec, Joan E.

1992-01-01

127

How Cultural Evolutionary Theory Can Inform Social Psychology and Vice Versa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cultural evolutionary theory is an interdisciplinary field in which human culture is viewed as a Darwinian process of variation, competition, and inheritance, and the tools, methods, and theories developed by evolutionary biologists to study genetic evolution are adapted to study cultural change. It is argued here that an integration of the…

Mesoudi, Alex

2009-01-01

128

Applied Systemic Theory and Educational Psychology: Can the Twain Ever Meet?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reflects on the potential benefits of applying systemic theory to the work of educational psychologists (EPs). It reviews developments in systemic thinking over time, and discusses the differences between more directive "first order" versus collaborative "second order" approaches. It considers systemic theories and illustrates their…

Pellegrini, Dario W.

2009-01-01

129

Objectification Theory and Psychology of Women: A Decade of Advances and Future Directions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Fredrickson and Roberts (1997) proposed objectification theory as an integrative framework for understanding how women's socialization and experiences of sexual objectification are translated into mental health problems. This article reviews the past decade of research grounded in objectification theory and highlights needed directions for future…

Moradi, Bonnie; Huang, Yu-Ping

2008-01-01

130

The Impact of a Brief Training on Suicide for Graduate Students in Psychology, Incorporating Thomas Joiner's Theory of Why People Die by Suicide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research has shown that there is a lack of formal training in suicide for mental health professionals in graduate psychology programs (Bongar & Harmatz, 1991; Batista, 2007). Suicide is a public health issue, with one suicide occurring approximately every 16 minutes in the United States (www.cdc.gov). A recently developed theory on why people die…

Weatherbee, Mary Jane

2010-01-01

131

Some Nuances in Intersubjective Attachment Systems: Discussion of Shelley Doctors' Article, “Notes on Incorporating Attachment Theory and Research Into Self Psychological and Intersubjective Clinical Work”  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article I discuss Doctors's (2006) inclusive model presented in her paper, “Notes on Incorporating Attachment Theory and Research Into Self Psychological\\/Intersubjective Clinical Work.” I distinguish between linear stabilities of patterning emphasized by many attachment researchers and nonlinear properties of dyadic systems emphasized by relational and intersubjective systems, self–psychologists, and infant researchers, noting that Doctors brings both sensibilities into

Judith Pickles

2008-01-01

132

1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

1 Professional Psychology PROFESSIONAL PSYCHOLOGY Offered through the Columbian College of Arts and Sciences' social and behavioral sciences discipline, the professional psychology program teaches students that combines extensive practical experience with classes on scientific foundations of psychology taught

Vertes, Akos

133

Community Psychology in Britain  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter describes and analyses the evolution of community psychology in the United Kingdom. The British welfare state\\u000a and its contradictions, the nature of British psychology and international developments in theory and practice have all been\\u000a influential in shaping the relatively small field of community psychology in Britain. The contributions of clinical, educational,\\u000a and social psychologists are highlighted, together with

Mark Burton; Stephanie Boyle; Carl Psy; Carolyn Kagan

134

Main Predictions of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicidal Behavior: Empirical Tests in Two Samples of Young Adults  

PubMed Central

The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicidal behavior (Joiner, 2005) makes two overarching predictions: 1) that perceptions of burdening others and of social alienation combine to instill the desire for death; and 2) that individuals will not act on the desire for death unless they have developed the capability to do so – a capability that develops through exposure and thus habituation to painful and/or fearsome experiences, and which is posited by the theory to be necessary to overcome powerful self-preservation pressures. Two studies test these predictions. In Study 1, the interaction of (low) family social support (cf. social alienation or low belonging) and feeling like one does not matter (cf. perceived burdensomeness) predicted current suicidal ideation, beyond depression indices. In Study 2, the three-way interaction between a measure of low belonging, a measure of perceived burdensomeness, and lifetime number of suicide attempts (viewed as a strong predictor of the level of acquired capability for suicide) predicted current suicide attempt (vs. ideation) among a clinical sample of suicidal young adults, again beyond depression indices and other key covariates. Implications for the understanding, treatment, and prevention of suicidal behavior are discussed. PMID:19685959

Joiner, Thomas E.; Van Orden, Kimberly A.; Witte, Tracy K.; Selby, Edward A.; Ribeiro, Jessica D.; Lewis, Robyn; Rudd, M. David

2010-01-01

135

The Role of Reactance and Positive Emotions in Persuasive Health Messages: Refining the Theory of Psychological Reactance and the Politeness Theory and Testing the Theories of Positive Emotions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to expand research on persuasion 1) by examining psychological reactance as a function of threats to positive identity above and beyond threats to freedom and 2) by examining the role of positive emotions. An online survey recruited 478 students from undergraduate courses at several universities in the U.S. The study…

Lee, Eunsoon

2012-01-01

136

The Individual Psychology of Alfred Adler: Toward an Adlerian Vocational Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents an Adlerian vocational theory with several hypotheses and corollaries regarding: (a) life style, (b) work as life task, (c) family atmosphere and relationships, and (d) early recollections. Develops predictive vocational statements and offers the resulting framework as a stimulant to generate further study of Adlerian vocational…

Watkins, C. Edward, Jr.

1984-01-01

137

Dyadic Power Theory, Touch, and Counseling Psychology: A Response to Smith, Vogel, Madon, and Edwards (2011)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Smith, Vogel, Madon, and Edwards' (2011) recent article tested dyadic power theory (DPT) by examining the use of touch as a compliance-gaining tactic in the conflicts of married couples. In this response, we raise a methodological issue about the touch behaviors examined by Smith et al. and also pose a theoretical critique that their test of DPT…

Dunbar, Norah E.; Abra, Gordon

2012-01-01

138

Personalized Instruction, Group Process and the Teaching of Psychological Theories of Learning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An innovative approach to teaching learning theory to undergraduates was tested by comparing a modified Personalized System of Instruction (PSI) group process class (n=19) to a traditional teacher-centered control class (n=32). Predictions were that academic performance and motivation would be improved by the PSI method, and student satisfaction…

DiScipio, William J.; Crohn, Joan

139

On the Biological Plausibility of Grandmother Cells: Implications for Neural Network Theories in Psychology and Neuroscience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A fundamental claim associated with parallel distributed processing (PDP) theories of cognition is that knowledge is coded in a distributed manner in mind and brain. This approach rejects the claim that knowledge is coded in a localist fashion, with words, objects, and simple concepts (e.g. "dog"), that is, coded with their own dedicated…

Bowers, Jeffrey S.

2009-01-01

140

Paradigms, Praxis, Problems, and Promise: Grounded Theory in Counseling Psychology Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author presents an overview of the qualitative research approach termed grounded theory (B. G. Glaser, 1978, 1992; B. G. Glaser & A. L. Strauss, 1967; A. L. Strauss, 1987; A. L. Strauss & J. Corbin, 1990, 1998). The author first locates the method conceptually and paradigmatically (paradigms) and then outlines the procedures…

Fassinger, Ruth E.

2005-01-01

141

Psychology is about processes.  

PubMed

Out of the eight points of methodological criticism against contemporary psychology formulated by Watson (Psychological Bulletin 31:755-776, 1934) and put forward by Toomela in this issue, the overemphasis on prediction, the neglect of individual differences, the habit of the differences between the mental states of subjects in objective experimental conditions are particularly important. Modem cognitive psychology has began to remedy those problems, in part by proposing broad, integrative theories. It is not useful to subdivide psychology into "schools of thought" defined by their methodological practices. PMID:17992866

Ohlsson, Stellan

2007-03-01

142

Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog Psychology (PSY)  

E-print Network

Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2014-2015 Catalog Psychology (PSY) pSy 250 introduCtion to pSyCHoLogy (3) Theories, research, and applications that constitute psychology. An important goal is to help students become informed consumers of psychological knowledge. The role of culture

Ravikumar, B.

143

1 Psychology Psychology is one of the most popular majors at GW and the  

E-print Network

1 Psychology PSYCHOLOGY Psychology is one of the most popular majors at GW and the second largest sciences division within the school, the program exposes students to basic psychological theory, helps them develop research skills, and teaches them how to approach psychological and social issues within

Vertes, Akos

144

ON RELATIVISM IN CONSTRUCTIVIST PSYCHOLOGY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many scholars criticize constructivist approaches to psychology for culminating in a nihilistic relativism. This article reviews the problem of relativism within per- sonal construct psychology and social constructionism. It argues that labeling constructivist approaches to psychology as essentially relativist or nonrelativist simplifies the debate by assigning indisputable characteristics to a family of theories. Both relativ- ist and nonrelativist interpretations of

Jonathan D. Raskin

2001-01-01

145

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

146

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

147

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

148

Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

Economics Psychology Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Psychology MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;Welcome from the Head of Department The University of Bath is a world-class institution. In the Department of Psychology we offer high-quality undergraduate degrees in Psychology ­ our BSc (Hons) has consistently ranked

Burton, Geoffrey R.

149

A Framework of Caring Interaction by a Network Model of Client's Concepts Based on a Nursing Theory and Naive Psychological Approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework of “caringin teraction” via network model representation of client’s concepts on a Nursing Theory and Naive Psychological\\u000a approaches is introduced. The main gist in this research is a sophisticated network organization of various messages from\\u000a clients and pieces of knowledge in the related field some of which may be issued from the persons who care them. As the

Akira Notsu; Osamu Katai; Hiroshi Kawakami

2001-01-01

150

Theory and practice in sport psychology and motor behaviour needs to be constrained by integrative modelling of brain and behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of advances in technology, the non-invasive study of the human brain has enhanced the knowledge base within the neurosciences, resulting in an increased impact on the psychological study of human behaviour. We argue that application of this knowledge base should be considered in theoretical modelling within sport psychology and motor behaviour alongside existing ideas. We propose that interventions founded

Paul Holmes; Simon Bennett; Keith Davids; Nick Smith

2000-01-01

151

Theory of Mind and embedding of perspective: A psychological test of a literary “sweet spot”  

PubMed Central

Theory of Mind (ToM) has been proposed to explain social interactions, with real people but also with fictional characters, by interpreting their mind as well as our own. “Perspective embedding” exploits ToM by placing events in characters’ minds (e.g., “he remembered she was home”). Three levels of embedment, common in literature, may be a “sweet spot” that provides enough information about a character’s motivation, but not a confusing over-abundance. Here, we use short vignettes with 1 or 3 characters and 0-5 levels of perspective embedding in two reading studies to see whether these preferences might be related to processing ease. Self-paced readers were fastest with one level of embedment, increasingly slower as embedment increased; vignettes without embedment were approximately as slow as level 4. With both self-paced and imposed timing, error rates on probe questions increased only at the fifth level. Readers seem to prefer literary texts in which ToM operations are obvious due to embedding of perspectives within the narrative but still somewhat challenging. PMID:23741659

Whalen, D. H.; Zunshine, Lisa; Holquist, Michael

2013-01-01

152

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology  

E-print Network

Psychology Undergraduate MSci (Hons) Psychology #12;The University of Bath is to offer an exciting new MSci (Hons) programme in Psychology, available from autumn 2014 onwards (subject to final approval with the opportunity to advance your knowledge of the field of psychology, while gaining a masters level qualification

Burton, Geoffrey R.

153

1 | P a g e Philosophy of Psychology  

E-print Network

1 | P a g e Philosophy of Psychology Edouard Machery Abstract: Philosophy of psychology takes various forms. Some philosophers of psychology use psychological findings and theories to develop new answers to traditional philosophical issues. A smaller number of philosophers of psychology take their cue

Machery, Edouard

154

Multidisciplinary Assessment and Treatment of Self-Injurious Behavior in Autism Spectrum Disorder and Intellectual Disability: Integration of Psychological and Biological Theory and Approach.  

PubMed

The objective of this review is to consider the psychological (largely behavioral) and biological [neurochemical, medical (including genetic), and pharmacological] theories and approaches that contribute to current thinking about the etiology and treatment of self-injurious behavior (SIB) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder and/or intellectual disability. Algorithms for the assessment and treatment of SIB in this context, respectively, from a multidisciplinary, integrative perspective are proposed and challenges and opportunities that exist in clinical and research settings are discussed. PMID:25395094

Minshawi, Noha F; Hurwitz, Sarah; Morriss, Danielle; McDougle, Christopher J

2014-11-14

155

Module title Introduction to Psychology Module code INT0013  

E-print Network

and abnormal) by looking at some of the main theories in psychology and their application in topics and classic: theory of mind 11. Evolutionary psychology-- Research focus: altruism 12. Abnormal psychologyModule title Introduction to Psychology Module code INT0013 Academic year(s) 2013/4 Credits 20

Mumby, Peter J.

156

Medical psychology: Psychology's neglected child  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explores the field of medicine as an area for psychological inquiry. Evidence for the growth of medical psychology is presented, though relatively few psychologists are engaged in its pursuit. Medical topics of interest to psychologists are discussed, and the importance of more rigorous research methodologies being used in this area is stressed. It is suggested that psychology and medicine need

Michael J. Asken

1975-01-01

157

Psychological Science and Religious Education in a Devout University: The Case of Pain Overlap Theory and the Talmud  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators employed in devoutly religious institutions often teach students who view even their secular higher education through a uniquely religious lens. Based on his own experiences teaching psychological science at a Jewish university, the author suggests enhancing student interest and enthusiasm by wedding secular curricula with religious…

Schnall, Eliezer

2014-01-01

158

Multi-Level Discourse Analysis in a Physics Teaching Methods Course from the Psychological Perspective of Activity Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present and apply a multi-level method for discourse analysis in science classrooms. This method is based on the structure of human activity (activity, actions, and operations) and it was applied to study a pre-service physics teacher methods course. We argue that such an approach, based on a cultural psychological perspective,…

Vieira, Rodrigo Drumond; Kelly, Gregory J.

2014-01-01

159

Teaching Educational Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the Millersville University of Pennsylvania, Teaching Educational Psychology (TEP) is an online, peer-refereed journal that is "devoted to increasing our shared knowledge base about the teaching of educational psychology to a variety of educational constituencies" including administrators, policy-makers, parents, and the public. The journal started publication in 2005 and is published twice a year. Visitors to the site can access all of the back issues of the journal, and they should also take a look at their reviewing guidelines and submission materials. Recent articles include "Using Student Interviews to Understand Theories of Motivation" and "Narrative as a Basis for Teaching Educational Psychology" Moving on, the site also includes links to related educational psychology sites and a list of reviewers.

160

Psychological Perspectives for Software Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses current use of psychological theory in software science and reviews recent developments in cognitive psychology relevant to programing (human information processing, expert-novice differences). Critique of Maurice Halstead's model of cognitive aspects of programing and a structured data flow perspective (control flow and data flow…

Curtis, B.; And Others

1984-01-01

161

Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology Health Psychology &  

E-print Network

Greeks note the role of the body in health and illness Hippocrates Galen Humoral Theory (4 circulating is Health Psychology Greeks: Galen & Hippocrates #12;Galen's Four Humors Melancholic black bile moody glum

Meagher, Mary

162

Psychology and Adult Learning. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a critical account of the psychological theories that have informed contemporary adult education theory and practice. Chapter 1 discusses the importance of balancing description, critique, and comments on each theory's influence on adult education and the need to understand psychological development throughout the life span. The…

Tennant, Mark

163

Evolution of psychological diversity in anthropoids   

E-print Network

Differential psychologists rightly identified evolutionary theory as a unifying framework for explaining the origins and persistence of individual differences in a wide array of human psychological characteristics. ...

Adams, Mark James

2012-11-28

164

Werner's Relevance for Contemporary Developmental Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the contributions of Heinz Werner to developmental psychology and identifies the tensions between Werner's theory and the practices of contemporary developmental psychology. Core issues of Werner's psychology concern: (1) development as heuristic, rather than phenomenon; (2) developmental process analysis; and (3) conceptions of the…

Glick, Joseph A.

1992-01-01

165

Evolutionary Psychology: Controversies, Questions, Prospects, and Limitations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary psychology has emerged over the past 15 years as a major theoretical perspective, generating an increasing volume of empirical studies and assuming a larger presence within psychological science. At the same time, it has generated critiques and remains controversial among some psychologists. Some of the controversy stems from hypotheses that go against traditional psychological theories; some from empirical findings

Jaime C. Confer; Judith A. Easton; Diana S. Fleischman; Cari D. Goetz; David M. G. Lewis; Carin Perilloux; David M. Buss

2010-01-01

166

Physiological and Psychological Expression of Personality Types  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, we analyzed the physiological and psychological states of female college students using the typological theory of Carl Jung. It was suggested that the expression of psychological typological characteristics (psychotypological actualization) is associated with the actual autonomic, somatic, and psychological condition of the subject. The analysis of the relationships of the psychotypological actualization with the psychophysiological state pointed

A. I. Nesterenko; V. N. Vasilyev; M. A. Medvedev; T. V. Robenkova

2003-01-01

167

APA Educational Psychology Handbook  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "APA Educational Psychology Handbook" reflects the broad nature of the field today, with state-of-the-science reviews of the diverse critical theories driving research and practice; in-depth investigation of the range of individual differences and cultural/contextual factors that affect student achievement, motivation, and beliefs; and close…

Harris, Karen R., Ed.; Graham, Steve, Ed.; Urdan, Tim, Ed.

2011-01-01

168

Psychology 350 Abnormal Psychology  

E-print Network

disorders Chap. 12 12 11/17 Psychotic disorders 11/19-21 Personality disorders Chap. 13 13 11/false, multiple choice, and short-answer questions, and will include material from both lectures and the assigned, and treatment 10/17 Integrative theory 8 10/20-22 Anxiety disorders Chap. 6 10/24 Mood disorders Chap. 8 9 10

Gallo, Linda C.

169

Theory-informed design of values clarification methods: a cognitive psychological perspective on patient health-related decision making.  

PubMed

Healthcare decisions, particularly those involving weighing benefits and harms that may significantly affect quality and/or length of life, should reflect patients' preferences. To support patients in making choices, patient decision aids and values clarification methods (VCM) in particular have been developed. VCM intend to help patients to determine the aspects of the choices that are important to their selection of a preferred option. Several types of VCM exist. However, they are often designed without clear reference to theory, which makes it difficult for their development to be systematic and internally coherent. Our goal was to provide theory-informed recommendations for the design of VCM. Process theories of decision making specify components of decision processes, thus, identify particular processes that VCM could aim to facilitate. We conducted a review of the MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases and of references to theories included in retrieved papers, to identify process theories of decision making. We selected a theory if (a) it fulfilled criteria for a process theory; (b) provided a coherent description of the whole process of decision making; and (c) empirical evidence supports at least some of its postulates. Four theories met our criteria: Image Theory, Differentiation and Consolidation theory, Parallel Constraint Satisfaction theory, and Fuzzy-trace Theory. Based on these, we propose that VCM should: help optimize mental representations; encourage considering all potentially appropriate options; delay selection of an initially favoured option; facilitate the retrieval of relevant values from memory; facilitate the comparison of options and their attributes; and offer time to decide. In conclusion, our theory-based design recommendations are explicit and transparent, providing an opportunity to test each in a systematic manner. PMID:23219164

Pieterse, Arwen H; de Vries, Marieke; Kunneman, Marleen; Stiggelbout, Anne M; Feldman-Stewart, Deb

2013-01-01

170

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Psychology Minor Requirements The minor program in Psychology is designed to expose students to a variety of content areas in the field of Psychology and to provide the student with the ability to evaluate Psychology researcher as a consumer. To declare a Psychology minor, the student must

Chase, Sheila

171

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

PROGRAM HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY information specific to the School Psychology Specialization. This specialization is fully approved ................................................................................................ 3 THE DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY .............................. 3 SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY

Saldin, Dilano

172

A Marxist approach to psychology and psychiatry.  

PubMed

Marxism considers psychology and psychiatry to be young and complex sciences which are powerfully affected by the nature of society. Marxism contributes to these sciences by applying dialectical and historical materialism to their study and development. The Marxist critique of psychology and psychiatry under capitalism identifies the immense harmful effect on them of capitalist class ideology in a number of areas: anti-working class theories, racism, national chauvinism, sexism, theories of fixed evil human nature, and false or one-sided theories. Socialism is held to provide a healthy environment for individual psychological development and to utilize psychology and psychiatry for scientific and humane ends. PMID:7076375

Nahem, J

1982-01-01

173

Sport Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sport psychology is defined in terms of human behavior in athletic situations. The psychosocial cross-cultural setting provides a model for studying trait and state psychosocial attributes and suggests issues and concerns for further study. (JMF)

Krotee, March L.

1980-01-01

174

Psychological Treatment  

MedlinePLUS

... Alternative Treatments Medications Psychological Treatments Take Part in Online Studies News You Can Use Living With IBS Relationships and IBS Pregnancy and IBS Travel and IBS IBS Patients' Experience and Unmet Needs ...

175

Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog Psychology (PSY)  

E-print Network

Page 370 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2012-2013 Catalog Psychology (PSY) PSY-understanding and interpersonal effectiveness. PSY 250 introduction to PSYcHologY (3) Theories, research and applications. Satisfies GE, category D1 (Individual and Society). PSY 260 Sexual identitieS (3) Explores lesbian, gay

Ravikumar, B.

176

Page 382 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog Psychology (PSY)  

E-print Network

Page 382 Courses: Psychology (PSY) Sonoma State University 2013-2014 Catalog Psychology (PSY) pSy-understanding and interpersonal effectiveness. pSy 250 introduCtion to pSyCHoLogy (3) Theories, research, and applications. Satisfies GE Area D1 (Individual and Society). pSy 260 SexuAL identitieS (3) Explores lesbian, gay, bisexual

Ravikumar, B.

177

Psychological counterterrorism.  

PubMed

At the end of the last century international terrorist groups declared war on the United States. Rather than pursue this war using conventional means, terrorist tactics have been employed. Terrorism represents psychological warfare, not traditional military combat. Threats of assassination, bioterrorism, and even nuclear detonations have been used. Numerous attacks have subsequently been realized against both domestic and international American targets. Winning the war against terrorism means acknowledging and responding to the psychological dynamics inherent in this form of warfare, as well as the military and law enforcement aspects of the war. Consistent with Caplan's notions of preventive psychiatry, the fight against terrorism must occur on three levels: (1) prevention of the terrorist attacks themselves, (2) mitigating the adverse psychological impact of the persistent threats of terrorist acts, as well as the terrorist attacks when they do occur, and (3) psychological treatment of the lingering adverse effects of threatened or actualized terrorist attacks. The preplanned and/or coordinated psychological efforts to counteract terrorism and prevail in any given war against terrorism shall be herein discussed and subsequently referred to as "psychological counterterrorism." PMID:12882091

Everly, George S

2003-01-01

178

Model selection and psychological theory: A discussion of the differences between the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC)  

PubMed Central

This article reviews the Akaike Information Criterion (AIC) and the Bayesian Information Criterion (BIC) in model selection and the appraisal of psychological theory. The focus is on latent variable models given their growing use in theory testing and construction. We discuss theoretical statistical results in regression and illustrate more important issues with novel simulations involving latent variable models including factor analysis, latent profile analysis, and factor mixture models. Asymptotically, the BIC is consistent, in that it will select the true model if, among other assumptions, the true model is among the candidate models considered. The AIC is not consistent under these circumstances. When the true model is not in the candidate model set the AIC is effcient, in that it will asymptotically choose whichever model minimizes the mean squared error of prediction/estimation. The BIC is not effcient under these circumstances. Unlike the BIC, the AIC also has a minimax property, in that it can minimize the maximum possible risk in finite sample sizes. In sum, the AIC and BIC have quite different properties that require different assumptions, and applied researchers and methodologists alike will benefit from improved understanding of the asymptotic and finite-sample behavior of these criteria. The ultimate decision to use AIC or BIC depends on many factors, including: the loss function employed, the study's methodological design, the substantive research question, and the notion of a true model and its applicability to the study at hand. PMID:22309957

Vrieze, Scott I.

2012-01-01

179

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --1 PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS --2  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 1 #12;PSYCHOLOGY MAJORS -- 2 Handbook for Undergraduate Psychology Majors......................................................................................................................................2 A. Psychology Program Goals and Purpose B. Declaration of Major C. History of Marquette University D. Facilities E. Graduate Program in Clinical Psychology 2. Department Faculty and Staff

Sanders, Matthew

180

HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001  

E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405, Section 001 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng

181

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350  

E-print Network

Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 1 Psychology 350 Abnormal Psychology Spring 2008 N-101 Tuesdays 4 psychology. By the end of the semester, students will be able to: · Discuss extant models of abnormal in Foundation II.B., Social and Behavioral Sciences required." #12;Abnormal Psychology, Spring 2008 2 Course

Gallo, Linda C.

182

Wilhelm Wundt's psychology of memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work of Wilhelm Wundt and his students in the psychology of memory is reviewed. Wundt rarely used the concept ‘memory’, but he dealt extensively with a number of problems that today are often discussed under the heading of ‘memory’. Four components of his theory are distinguished and traced through the successive stages of the evolution of the theory: the

Eckart Scheerer; Universitiit Oldenburg

1980-01-01

183

Theories of Learning for the Workplace: Building Blocks for Training and Professional Development Programs. Routledge Psychology in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Workplace and professional learning, lifelong learning, adult learning, learning in different contexts have become of more and more interest and now dominate all aspects of 21st century life. Learning is no longer about "storing and recall" but "development and flow". "Theories of Learning in the Workplace" offers fascinating overviews into some…

Dochy, Filip; Gijbels, David; Segers, Mien; Van den Bossche, Piet

2011-01-01

184

Soviet psychology and psychophysiology.  

PubMed

Pavlov's experiments, begun long before the revolution, have always been generously supported by the Soviet state. However, their far-reaching ontological and methodological implication gained an official and commanding position to Soviet biomedical and psychosocial (as distinct from socioeconomic) sciences only in 1950 with the Resolution of the 28 June-4 July Joint Pavlovian Session of the Soviet Academy of Sciences and Academy of Medical Sciences. In the biomedical sciences, present-day Soviet Pavlovianism may best be conceived of as (i) a doctrine of nervism (a Russian term)-the ubiquity of neural control of bodily reactions (neural, neurosomatic, neurovisceral, and neurohumoral) and (ii) a doctrine of what might be called concomitantism (my term )-the ready and radical modification of these reactions by concomitant reactions; or, viewed more generally and somewhat differently, as (iii) a far-reaching physicalistic psychosomaticism or, rather, a neuroviscerosomaticism. Psychophysiology-or higher nervous activity-is the key discipline here. With scores of research institutes, it is indeed a very well-established, wide-scoped, and faradvanced faradvanced science that, in both present achievements and future capabilities, is a challenge to American and Western equivalents. On the other hand, in the psychosocial sciences and the key discipline of psychology proper, unmitigated Pavlovian physicalism and objectivism is met head on by (i) the unbending postulate of dialectical materialism of "the specific emergent efficacy of consciousness and subjective conscious categories" as well as by (ii) the simple consideration that a consistent Pavlovianism is a fully autarchic psychology and needs no other science of psychology on top of it. A large portion of current Soviet psychological theory in psychology proper is thus primarily a textual and exegetic collation and conciliation of the views of Pavlov with those of Marx, Engels, and Lenin (until recently and, to some extent even now, also of Stalin), just as most current Soviet psychological experimentation in psychology proper is primarily a duplication of what Soviet psychophysiology could do as well, if not better. Moreover, there is the longstanding drastic ban on intelligence testing, psychoanalysis, Gestalt psychology, and other to-be-shunned "bourgeois-psychological" thought-and-practice systems, so that, in all, psychology proper is a much constricted and, per se, more ancilliary than basic discipline of Soviet empirical research-a state of affairs plainly reflected in the fact that the number of its research institutes and publications (as well as the number of psychologists proper) is but a small fraction of the number in psychophysiology. Yet, in evaluating our efforts in the area vis-à-vis those of the Soviets, we must, obviously, take full account of both disciplines, Soviet psychophysiology being in all respects a psychology in American terms (60). Indeed, it is Soviet psychophysiology, and not Soviet psychology proper, that is the homolog not only of American behavioristics but also, to a large extent, of all American experimental psychology. PMID:13592304

RAZRAN, G

1958-11-14

185

Stanford Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A host of online educational initiatives during the past few years have brought lectures from all over the world into the homes into many persons who may not have access to such programs in their own local communities. One such website brings the insights and collected knowledge of various members of Stanford University's renowned psychology department to the Internet-browsing public. The lectures address such topics as the psychology of evil, the role of parents in their children's lives, and the role of personal and collective efficacy. Along with these individual talks presented by various members of the psychology faculty, there are several nice panel sessions on the nature of language and the cultural shaping of emotion. Finally, the site also contains the lively question-and-answer sessions that followed each panel session.

186

The influence of Kantor's interbehavioral psychology on behavior analysis  

E-print Network

psychology to the field of behavior analysis. Contemporary behavior analytic research and theory are evolving in directions either influenced by, or consonant with Kantor's approach. It is concluded that Kantor's interbehavioral psychology and his writings...

Morris, Edward K.; Higgins, Stephen T.; Bickel, Warren K.

1982-01-01

187

Perceiving Nonhumans: Human Moral Psychology and Animal Ethics  

E-print Network

There are currently very few discussions of moral psychology in the animal ethics literature. This dissertation aims to fill this void. My main contention is that many theories in animal ethics hold mistaken views about the moral psychology of human...

Kasperbauer, Tyler

2014-04-17

188

Research Review Psychology 2011  

E-print Network

Research Review Psychology 2011 QANU July 2012 #12;QANU / Psychology research assessment 20122;QANU / Psychology Research assessment 2012 3 CONTENTS 1. The Review Committee and review procedures...............................................166 Appendix D: Additional information regarding the Leiden Institute of Psychology ..............169

van Rooij, Robert

189

Psychology is an experimental and observational science, in which evidence from  

E-print Network

Psychology is an experimental and observational science, in which evidence from research studies is used to develop and evaluate theories. If you are expecting psychology to tell you how to read other will probably enjoy psychology. Why study Psychology at Edinburgh? Research in Psychology at the University

Schnaufer, Achim

190

Space psychology  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Psychological selection of astronauts considers mental responses and adaptation to the following space flight stress factors: (1) confinement in a small space; (2) changes in three dimensional orientation; (3) effects of altered gravity and weightlessness; (4) decrease in afferent nerve pulses; (5) a sensation of novelty and danger; and (6) a sense of separation from earth.

Parin, V. V.; Gorbov, F. D.; Kosmolinskiy, F. P.

1974-01-01

191

Psychological Trivia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses trivia related to the history of psychology (with many fun examples such as: What are the names of Pavlov's original dogs?) and the relationship of this game to students learning how to use library resources (in attempts to answer such trivia questions), as well as the relevance of such knowledge.

Robert S. Harper

1970-01-01

192

Black Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The contents of the present volume, designed to bring together in a single place writings by the new black psychologists and other black social and behavioral scientists, are organized in seven parts, as follows: Part I, "Black Psychology: Perspectives," includes articles by Cedric Clark, Wade W. Nobles, Doris P. Mosby, Joseph White, and William…

Jones, Reginald L., Ed.

193

Social psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Slowly but surely, social psychology is coming into its own as the study of the social behavior of the individual. Many writers are noting, and some are investigating, social stimulus and response, and the specific effect of a social environment upon individual reaction. In spite of the persistent speculative essays of the old school, the trend is encouragingly toward observation

Floyd H. Allport

1920-01-01

194

Adult Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume comprehensively reviews the research on the psychology of the middle aged (ages 40-65). Topics include the concept of maturity and maturation models, the measurement and influences of adult self image; marriage and sexual patterns; intergenerational relationships between and children; vocations and avocations (work, retirement, play,…

Bischof, Ledford J.

195

A Coaching Psychology Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In "Psychology in its place" (2008), John Radford considers "what is or should be the "place" of Psychology in education, more particularly Higher Education". In this article, the author looks at the possible inclusion of coaching psychology within undergraduate psychology programmes. Coaching psychology as an applied area of psychology

Palmer, Stephen

2008-01-01

196

College of Psychology College of Psychology  

E-print Network

College of Psychology College of Psychology Life Sciences Building 3105 S. Dearborn St. Chicago, IL 60616 312.567.3500 psychology@iit.edu www.iit.edu/colleges/psych Dean: M. Ellen Mitchell Associate Dean: Scott B. Morris Division Head, Clinical Psychology: Michael Young Division Head, Industrial

Heller, Barbara

197

Psychology Faculty Perceptions of Abnormal Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem. The purpose of the current study was to investigate the perceptions and opinions of psychology professors regarding the accuracy and inclusiveness of abnormal psychology textbooks. It sought answers from psychology professors to the following questions: (1) What are the expectations of the psychology faculty at a private university of…

Rapport, Zachary

2011-01-01

198

Radical psychology institutionalized: a history of the Journal Psychologie & Maatschappij [psychology & society].  

PubMed

Starting out as a newsletter for radical psychologists, the Dutch journal Psychologie & Maatschappij (Psychology & Society) moved in the past decade toward the theoretical mainstream within psychology. In this paper, the major changes in the journal are described and analyzed, as well as the features that did not change: an emphasis on theory and history, an interdisciplinary approach, and an emphasis on discussion. The main transformations were from psychology as instrumental toward the goals of the progressive movement in the Netherlands, then to extreme criticism of all scientific and professional psychological activities, and finally to adherence to the most advanced approaches within academic psychology. PMID:10653612

Abma, R; Jansz, J

2000-01-01

199

Psychological Flexibility, ACT, and Organizational Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper offers organizational behavior management (OBM) a behavior analytically consistent way to expand its analysis of, and methods for changing, organizational behavior. It shows how Relational Frame Theory (RFT) suggests that common, problematic, psychological processes emerge from language itself, and they produce psychological

Bond, Frank W.; Hayes, Steven C.; Barnes-Holmes, Dermot

2006-01-01

200

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES (HDPS) CURRICULUM  

E-print Network

, and the workplace. HDPS courses focus on theories of individual development and family, group, and organizational Development and Implementation · SOC POL 304 Social Policy and Human Services · PSYCH 215 PsychologyHUMAN DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES (HDPS) CURRICULUM The Human Development

Shahriar, Selim

201

Essential Role of Culture in Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter argues for the essential role of culture in forming the basic constructs and theories of developmental psychology. The case is made for the need to overcome the cultural insularity of core developmental concepts and methods in order to create a psychology that is more truly universal.

Miller, Joan G.

2005-01-01

202

Evolutionary psychology: the emperor's new paradigm  

Microsoft Academic Search

For some evolutionary psychology is merely a field of inquiry, but for others it is a robust paradigm involving specific theories about the nature and evolution of the human mind. Proponents of this paradigm claim to have made several important discoveries regarding the evolved architecture of the mind. Highly publicized discoveries include a cheater-detection module, a psychological sex difference in

David J. Buller

2005-01-01

203

Applying psychological theories to evidence-based clinical practice: identifying factors predictive of lumbar spine x-ray for low back pain in UK primary care practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Psychological models predict behaviour in a wide range of settings. The aim of this study was to explore the usefulness of\\u000a a range of psychological models to predict the health professional behaviour 'referral for lumbar spine x-ray in patients\\u000a presenting with low back pain' by UK primary care physicians.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Psychological measures were collected by postal questionnaire survey from a random

Jeremy M Grimshaw; Martin P Eccles; Nick Steen; Marie Johnston; Nigel B Pitts; Liz Glidewell; Graeme Maclennan; Ruth Thomas; Debbie Bonetti; Anne Walker

2011-01-01

204

Psychological progress in 1911  

Microsoft Academic Search

Outlines the progress of psychology with reference to: (1) the definition and scope of psychology, (2) the psychology of will, motivation and determination, (3) the measurement of intelligence, (4) The phenomena of dreams, and (5) differentiated branches of psychology having separate periodicals. Profiles the trend of psychological publications for the years 1909-1910. Concludes with a report on the deaths of

Edward Franklin Buchner

1912-01-01

205

Relationships Among Life Events and Psychological Well-Being: More Evidence for a Two-Factor Theory of Well-Being  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relationships between 11 major life events and changes in psychological well-being were examined in a three-generation sample: grandparents, their adult children, and their young adult grandchildren. Psychological well-being was measured using the Bradburn Affect Balance Scale. Life events included marriages; divorces; births of children; deaths of spouses, children, and parents; health declines; hospitalizations; improved standard of living; retirement; and retirement

Michael C. Stallings; Charlotte C. Dunham; Margaret Gatz; Laura A. Baker; Vern L. Bengtson

1997-01-01

206

Speaking for Ourselves: Feminist Methods and Community Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although feminist and community psychology share a number of epistemological and methodological perspectives that guide their respective theories and research practices, it has been argued that community psychology has not fully integrated a feminist perspective into the discipline. This paper examines how community psychology and feminist research methods might combine to help us better understand women's experiences without essentializing or

Lisa Cosgrove; Maureen C. McHugh

2000-01-01

207

On the new psychology of women: A cautionary view  

Microsoft Academic Search

For nearly two decades writers on the psychology of women have questioned the male bias in theories of psychological health and development. In 1970 Broverman et al. charted the terms of what was to become the new feminist critique: their findings showed that clinicians implicitly associated psychological maturity and health with stereotypical male characteristics, but identified normal female traits as

Marcia C. Westkott

1990-01-01

208

Psychological Dimensions of User-Computer Interfaces. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest highlights several psychological dimensions of user-computer interfaces. First, the psychological theory behind interface design and the field of human-computer interaction (HCI) are discussed. Two psychological models, the information processing model of cognition and the mental model--both of which contribute to interface design--are…

Marchionini, Gary

209

24.120 Moral Psychology, Fall 2005  

E-print Network

The course is an examination of philosophical theories of action and motivation in the light of empirical findings from social psychology, sociology and neuroscience. Topics include Belief, Desire, and Moral Motivation; ...

Holton, Richard, 1962-

210

Psychological States and Staff Development.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study of a group of 21 teachers focused on the relationship between their psychological states and their utilization of professional growth activities and programs. The study's objective was to generate a practical way of applying Maslow's Theory of Personality to the study of staff development. (JN)

McKibbin, Michael; Joyce, Bruce

1980-01-01

211

Simulation Systems for Cognitive Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Opening with a discussion of the role of computer simulation in cognitive psychology, this paper proceeds to examine the major perspectives on computer simulation as a tool for theoretical research on cognitive processes. The claim that computer simulation enforces rigor in theory specification is analyzed; the use of simulation as a method for…

Neches, Robert

212

Comparative Psychology: An Epigenetic Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparative psychology course oriented around the themes of phylogeny and ontogeny is described. The course emphasizes the evolution and development of behavioral processes and includes a discussion of the concept of integrative levels and Schneirla's approach/withdrawal theory. The course evaluates genetic determinism and stresses the principle…

Greenberg, Gary

1987-01-01

213

Vygotsky's Developmental and Educational Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vygotsky is widely considered one of the most significant and influential psychologists of the twentieth century. Nevertheless, true appreciation of his theories has been hindered by a lack of understanding of the background to his thought. "Vygotsky's Developmental and Educational Psychology" aims to demonstrate how we can come to a new and…

Langford, Peter E.

2005-01-01

214

Psychological Models of Causal Inference  

E-print Network

Generative Cause #12;Central Claim · Bayes nets provide a good model of people's causal beliefs ­ All and manipulating that variable are not the same · The observation / manipulation distinction is essentially · It's fine for the psychological theories to ignore the observation / manipulation distinction

Spirtes, Peter

215

Gender & Women's Studies/Psychology 522 Office hours: 11-11:45 Th. Psychology of Women and by appt., 262-9522  

E-print Network

1 Gender & Women's Studies/Psychology 522 Office hours: 11-11:45 Th. Psychology of Women Required: Hyde, Janet S. & Else-Quest, Nicole (2012). Half the human experience: The psychology of women. 8). In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Read

Sheridan, Jennifer

216

Buddha philosophy and western psychology.  

PubMed

Four noble truths as preached by Buddha are that the life is full of suffering (Duhkha), that there is a cause of this suffering (Duhkha-samudaya), it is possible to stop suffering (Duhkha-nirodha), and there is a way to extinguish suffering (Duhkha-nirodha-marga). Eight fold Path (astangika-marga) as advocated by Buddha as a way to extinguish the sufferings are right views, right resolve/aspiration, right speech, right action/conduct, right livelihood, right effort right mindfulness and right concentration. Mid-twentieth century saw the collaborations between many psychoanalysts and Buddhist scholars as a meeting between "two of the most powerful forces" operating in the Western mind. Buddhism and Western Psychology overlap in theory and in practice. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. Orientalist Alan Watts wrote 'if we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism, we do not find either philosophy or religion as these are understood in the West. We find something more nearly resembling psychotherapy'. Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. This essay is just an expression of what little the current author has understood on Buddha philosophy and an opportunity to offer his deep tribute to one of the greatest psychotherapists the world has ever produced! PMID:23858249

Aich, Tapas Kumar

2013-01-01

217

Buddha philosophy and western psychology  

PubMed Central

Four noble truths as preached by Buddha are that the life is full of suffering (Duhkha), that there is a cause of this suffering (Duhkha-samudaya), it is possible to stop suffering (Duhkha-nirodha), and there is a way to extinguish suffering (Duhkha-nirodha-marga). Eight fold Path (astangika-marga) as advocated by Buddha as a way to extinguish the sufferings are right views, right resolve/aspiration, right speech, right action/conduct, right livelihood, right effort right mindfulness and right concentration. Mid-twentieth century saw the collaborations between many psychoanalysts and Buddhist scholars as a meeting between “two of the most powerful forces” operating in the Western mind. Buddhism and Western Psychology overlap in theory and in practice. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. Orientalist Alan Watts wrote ‘if we look deeply into such ways of life as Buddhism, we do not find either philosophy or religion as these are understood in the West. We find something more nearly resembling psychotherapy’. Buddha was a unique psychotherapist. His therapeutic methods helped millions of people throughout the centuries. This essay is just an expression of what little the current author has understood on Buddha philosophy and an opportunity to offer his deep tribute to one of the greatest psychotherapists the world has ever produced! PMID:23858249

Aich, Tapas Kumar

2013-01-01

218

SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION  

E-print Network

HANDBOOK SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGY SPECIALIZATION (APA-Accredited and NASP-Approved) IN EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY DOCTORAL PROGRAM University of Wisconsin -Milwaukee For students, faculty, and supervisors 2013 to provide information specific to the School Psychology specialization. This specialization is fully

Saldin, Dilano

219

Classics in the History of Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed by Christopher D. Green, associate professor of psychology at York University, this site currently compiles the full text of over 80 works considered classics in the history of psychology. The historically significant texts, written by nearly 50 different authors, reside on a York University server and are fully searchable by keyword(s). Users may also access the texts through an author index or a topical index, which arranges the text into twelve subject areas: Ancient Psychology, Behaviorism, Cognition, Evolutionary Theory, Functionalism & Pragmatism, Gestalt Theory, Intelligence Testing, Neuropsychology, Psychoanalysis & Psychotherapy, Social Psychology, Statistics & Methodology, and Wundt & Structuralism. In addition, the site links to more than 120 online documents related to the history of psychology posted on other Websites.

D., Green C.

1997-01-01

220

Courses: Psychology (PSY) Page 365Sonoma State University 2010-2011 Catalog Psychology (PSY)  

E-print Network

Courses: Psychology (PSY) Page 365Sonoma State University 2010-2011 Catalog Psychology (PSY) pSy-understanding and interpersonal effectiveness. pSy 250 intrOduCtiOn tO pSyChOlOGy (3) Theories, research and applications State. Satisfies GE, category D1 (Individual and Society). pSy 290 SpeCiAl tOpiCS (1-4) One or more

Ravikumar, B.

221

Courses: Psychology (PSY) Page 369Sonoma State University 2011-2012 Catalog Psychology (PSY)  

E-print Network

Courses: Psychology (PSY) Page 369Sonoma State University 2011-2012 Catalog Psychology (PSY) pSy-understanding and interpersonal effectiveness. pSy 250 intrOduCtiOn tO pSyChOlOGy (3) Theories, research and applications State. Satisfies GE, category D1 (Individual and Society). pSy 260 SexuAl identitieS (3) Explores

Ravikumar, B.

222

Computer applications in clinical psychology  

E-print Network

The computer-assisted analysis is not currently a novelty, but a necessity in all areas of psychology. A number of studies that examine the limits of the computer assisted and analyzed interpretations, also its advantages. A series of studies aim to assess how the computer assisting programs are able to establish a diagnosis referring to the presence of certain mental disorders. We will present the results of one computer application in clinical psychology regarding the assessment of Theory of Mind capacity by animation.

Zamo?teanu, Alina Oana

2012-01-01

223

Psychology Ethics in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous research revealed that introductory psychology textbooks included limited information about psychology ethics. This study reviewed 48 current introductory psychology textbooks for research and other APA ethics content. These textbooks included slightly more total ethics content and were more thorough in their review of research ethics…

Zucchero, Renee' A.

2011-01-01

224

Sport Psychology in the Profession of Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historically, sport psychology has been identified with physical education; however, recent developments in the field toward applied issues have substantially expanded psychologists' interests and opportunities. Unfortunately, little is known about professional psychologists' involvement in sport psychology practice, research, and training. Therefore, a national survey of 500 male and 500 female psychologists (American Psychological Association Division 12members) was conducted. Based on

Trent A. Petrie; Nancy S. Diehl

1995-01-01

225

Changing College Students' Psychological Constructs of Learning Influences: Their Academic Performances  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the psychology theory and the leadership definition, the author designed questionnaires of psychological constructs of learning and leadership characters to investigate the correlation between four psychological constructs of learning and leadership characters and to inquire into whether changing students' psychological constructs of…

Chen, Sea-Shon

2005-01-01

226

Introduction to Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for community students interested in learning about psychology as a field of study, this module offers group and individual activities to involve the beginning student in research, experimentation and discussion. Unit 1, "What Is Psychology?," includes the use of animals in psychology, ethics, the history of psychology, an overview of…

Edwards, Lesley

227

Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333  

E-print Network

is: Mash, E. J., & Wolfe, D. A. (2007). Abnormal child psychology (3rd ed). Belmont, CA: ThomsonDevelopmental Psychopathology Psychology 333 Spring 2008 Instructor Name: V. Robin Weersing, Ph@sciences.sdsu.edu Prerequisites Please note that Introductory Psychology (PSY 101) and Developmental Psychology (PSY 230

Gallo, Linda C.

228

Developmental Psychopathology Psychology 333  

E-print Network

The required textbook for this class is: Mash, E. J., & Wolfe, D. A. (2008). Abnormal child psychology (4th edDevelopmental Psychopathology Psychology 333 Spring 2009 Instructor Name: V. Robin Weersing, Ph@sciences.sdsu.edu Prerequisites Please note that Introductory Psychology (PSY 101) and Developmental Psychology (PSY 230

Gallo, Linda C.

229

Applied cognitive psychology: Implications of cognitive psychology for clinical psychology and psychotherapy.  

PubMed

Cognitive psychology has made numerous contributions to clinical psychology, and these contributions are considered especially with reference to the anxiety disorders. It is argued that there are four major contributions that can be identified. First, the cognitive approach has led to the development of complex models showing the main cognitive processes and structures of relevance to an understanding of anxiety disorders. Second, controlled laboratory studies permit a more detailed investigation of cognitive biases in anxious patients than generally is feasible in more naturalistic settings. Third, the cognitive approach provides relevant evidence with respect to the issue of whether cognitive biases play a role in the development and maintenance of anxiety disorders. Fourth, the enhanced understanding of the anxiety disorders that has arisen from the cognitive approach has had beneficial effects on therapeutic practice in a number of significant ways. In sum, it is claimed that clinical psychology has benefited considerably from cognitive theory and research. PMID:15022269

Eysenck, Michael W

2004-04-01

230

On Teaching about the Cultural Relativism of Psychological Constructs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes limitations of a Western, individualistic perspective on psychological theory. Summarizes research and theory regarding how personality may be shaped differentially by individualistic and collectivist cultures. Describes strategies for teaching about the impact of culture on personality. (CFR)

Enns, Carolyn Zerbe

1994-01-01

231

Bayesian Just-So Stories in Psychology and Neuroscience  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to Bayesian theories in psychology and neuroscience, minds and brains are (near) optimal in solving a wide range of tasks. We challenge this view and argue that more traditional, non-Bayesian approaches are more promising. We make 3 main arguments. First, we show that the empirical evidence for Bayesian theories in psychology is weak. This weakness relates to the many

Jeffrey S. Bowers; Colin J. Davis

2012-01-01

232

Bayesian Just-So Stories in Psychology and Neuroscience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

According to Bayesian theories in psychology and neuroscience, minds and brains are (near) optimal in solving a wide range of tasks. We challenge this view and argue that more traditional, non-Bayesian approaches are more promising. We make 3 main arguments. First, we show that the empirical evidence for Bayesian theories in psychology is weak.…

Bowers, Jeffrey S.; Davis, Colin J.

2012-01-01

233

Psychological Type and the Matching of Cognitive Styles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Carl Jung's theory of psychological type is explored and related to education in this article. A model of the interaction between teacher, student, subject matter, and instructional alternatives is examined and the educational implications are discussed. This theory is used to illustrate how psychological-type influences teaching and learning…

Bargar, Robert R.; Hoover, Randy L.

1984-01-01

234

American Psychological Society: Psychological Research on the Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Posted by the American Psychological Society (see the May 6, 1994 Scout Report), this Website presents an extensive annotated list of psychological research currently being conducted on the Web. In addition to a new studies section, topics include health psychology, industrial and organizational psychology, personality studies, psychology and religion, sensation and perception, social psychology, neural psychology, clinical psychology, developmental psychology, cognition, emotions, and others. Links are provided to the listed Websites.

235

Bühler and Popper: Kantian therapies for the crisis in psychology.  

PubMed

I analyze the historical background and philosophical considerations of Karl Bühler and his student Karl Popper regarding the crisis of psychology. They share certain Kantian questions and methods for reflection on the state of the art in psychology. Part 1 outlines Bühler's diagnosis and therapy for the crisis in psychology as he perceived it, leading to his famous theory of language. I also show how the Kantian features of Bühler's approach help to deal with objections to his crisis diagnosis and to aspects of his linguistic theory. Part 2 turns to Popper's dissertation, completed in 1928 under Bühler. I analyze Popper's disapproval of Schlick's physicalism in psychology, as well as Popper's attempt to extend Bühler's Kantian strategy to the domain of the psychology of thinking. In conclusion, I indicate how these approaches to the crisis in psychology differ from Thomas Kuhn's notions of crisis and revolution, which are still all too popular in current philosophical discussions of psychology. PMID:22520195

Sturm, Thomas

2012-06-01

236

Psychology’s Entrepreneurs and the Marketing of Industrial Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1880 and 1930, entrepreneurial individuals in academic psychology and engineering converged on a common interest in the human side of enterprise. Both disciplines subsequently overlapped in marketing their professional business services. Separating from academic psychology, applied psychologists alluded to being \\

Thomas J. Van De Water

1997-01-01

237

Number Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comments on the article by Gardner Murphy , which considered the psychological sources of Pythagorean number theory. The current author offers some supplementary information, noting that there are some additional meanings attached to some numbers in the culture of India.

Santokh S. Anant

1968-01-01

238

A Brief History of the Development of Abnormal Psychology: A Training Guide. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented for practitioners is a history of the development of abnormal psychology. Areas covered include the following: Early medical concepts, ideas carried over from literature, early treatment of the mentally ill, development of the psychological viewpoint, Freud's psychoanalytic theory, Jung's analytic theory, the individual psychology of…

Phelps, William R.

239

Approaching Adult Education Literature Using the Donlevy Template of Perspectives: A Focus on the Psychological Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides brief descriptions of adult education from technological, psychological, ideological, and sociological perspectives. Author examines the psychological perspective, highlighting the work of Jack Mezirow (transformation theory), Roger Gould (seven-step adult development process), Patricia Cranton (Understanding and Promoting Transformative…

Donlevy, James G.; Donlevy, Tia Rice

1998-01-01

240

Examining the acceptance of and resistance to evolutionary psychology.  

PubMed

The field of psychology remains a divided one. Several different sub-disciplines (e.g., developmental, cognitive, behaviorism, social, etc.) form what could be a unified scientific area. However, there is no widely accepted theory of unification. Charles Darwin once theorized that evolutionary theory would change the foundation of psychology; but over the years, evolutionary psychology has been met with hostile resistance from some of the prominent psychologists within the other sub-disciplines. Yet in recent years, all of the divided sub-disciplines of psychology have been slowly implementing evolutionary principles into their literature and research. This slow integration of evolutionary psychology into the other sub-disciplines indicates the possibility of a unified psychology with evolution as its foundation. This paper briefly reviews the literature within each major sub-discipline of psychology to show their implementation of evolutionary psychological theories, indicating the possibility of evolutionary psychology becoming the unifying paradigm upon which the entire field of psychology can be based. A call for action to continue this process is also discussed. PMID:22947797

Fitzgerald, Carey J; Whitaker, Mitchell B

2010-01-01

241

PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

1 8/12/2011 PSYCHOLOGY 685: Practicum in School Psychology 3 credits Millersville University and Practicum in School Psychology (Psychology 685) are in accordance with two important documents; the NASP Standards for School Psychology Training Programs (2000) and the School Psychology; A Blueprint Training

Hardy, Christopher R.

242

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate  

E-print Network

Psychology Major www.psychology.pitt.edu/undergraduate Revised: 01/2014 The undergraduate psychology major introduces students to a breadth of psychological topics, including the biological, social for a variety of career and graduate school paths. Required courses for the Psychology major The psychology

Jiang, Huiqiang

243

School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program  

E-print Network

i School Psychology Handbook for 2014-15 School Psychology Program Department of Psychology 430 Huntington Hall Syracuse, NY 13244-2340 Doctoral Degree (Ph.D.) in School Psychology Accredited by the American Psychological Association (APA)* Approved by the National Association of Psychology Psychologists

Doyle, Robert

244

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour?  

E-print Network

www.mcmaster.ca/psychology What is Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour? Psychology, Neuroscience, speech pathology, clinical psychology, and the business world. HERE'S A QUICK LOOK AT THE PROGRAMS AVAILABLE THROUGH THE DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY, NEUROSCIENCE & BEHAVIOUR (PNB) · Honours B.Sc. Psychology

Haykin, Simon

245

Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 302 Statistical Methods in Psychology Fall 2012 TR 4:00-5:20pm Gerlinger 302) 346-4966 Office Hours: TBD Course Overview: Understanding statistics and statistical reasoning classes and hopefully for some of you in the world beyond, will present statistical data. This data

Lockery, Shawn

246

Psychological Component of Infertility  

MedlinePLUS

... Organizations Resources: FAQs › FAQs - The Psychological Component of Infertility -- written by the ASRM Mental Health Professional Group ( ... Professional in your area ) Q1. What impact does infertility have on psychological well being? Infertility often creates ...

247

[Alfred Adler and the psychology of aesthetic surgery in the United States].  

PubMed

The quest for a psychological theory to explain the effects of aesthetic surgery reached its high point in the 1920s with the adoption of Alfred Adler's theory of the inferiority complex. The basis for this theory was Adler's early work in the psychological response of the body to disease and "degeneration". Aesthetic surgeons sought out the Adlerian model rather than a Freudian one as purely psychological while its roots, and their own theories, were clearly somatic in origin. PMID:11791189

Gilman, S L

2002-01-01

248

Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology forms the basis of every human activity. The scope of psychology is increasingly widening in various economic, political, social, cultural and technological aspects. Though the application of psychology is extending to various aspects of life, it needs to be indigenised to address the dynamic needs in the various socio-economic contexts…

Sushma, B.; Padmaja, G.

2011-01-01

249

Psychology in Mexico  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first formal psychology course taught in Mexico was in 1896 at Mexico's National University; today, National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM in Spanish). The modern psychology from Europe and the US in the late 19th century were the primary influences of Mexican psychology, as well as psychoanalysis and both clinical and experimental…

Ruiz, Eleonora Rubio

2011-01-01

250

Psychology and Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because psychology systematically explores human judgment, behavior, and well-being, it can teach us important lessons about how humans differ from the way they are traditionally described by economists. This essay discusses a selection of psychological findings relevant to economics. While standard economics assumes that each person maximizes stable and coherent preferences given rationally-formed probabilistic beliefs, psychological research teaches us about

Matthew Rabin

1998-01-01

251

Intro through Internet Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychology and computer science were clustered into a course in "Internet Psychology" with the goal of enabling students to use electronic networks responsibly and creatively and to understand the principles of psychology as they operate in the electronic context. Fourteen students from a variety of majors registered for the class. Course content,…

Webster, Sandra K.; Kelliher, Thomas P.

252

On the Psychology of Truth-Gaps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bonini et al. [2] present psychological data that they take to support an 'epistemic' account of how vague predicates are used in natural language. We argue that their data more strongly supports a 'gap' theory of vagueness, and that their arguments against gap theories are flawed. Additionally, we present more experimental evidence that supports gap theories, and argue for a semantic/pragmatic alternative that unifies super- and subvaluationary approaches to vagueness.

Alxatib, Sam; Pelletier, Jeff

253

Utopianism in psychology: the case of Wilhelm Reich.  

PubMed

This article examines utopian elements in Wilhelm Reich's writings in his American phase (1939-1957) in order to illustrate utopian sources of dynamic psychology. Although there are scholars who have used the term "psychological utopia" and applied it to individual thinkers (Reich, Marcuse, Fromm) and to specific psychological disciplines (psychoanalysis, behaviorism, cognitive psychology), the term itself has remained elusive and vague. Furthermore, there have been few attempts to systematically examine utopian elements in twentieth-century psychology in general and the basic assumptions of psychological utopianism in particular. While pointing out that Reich's orgonomic theories have no scientific merit, this article argues for the relevancy of his ideas for understanding the nature of utopianism in dynamic psychology. PMID:11954039

Pietikainen, Petteri

2002-01-01

254

Francis Bacon's behavioral psychology.  

PubMed

Francis Bacon offers two accounts of the nature and function of the human mind: one is a medical-physical account of the composition and operation of spirits specific to human beings, the other is a behavioral account of the character and activities of individual persons. The medical-physical account is a run-of-the-mill version of the late Renaissance model of elemental constituents and humoral temperaments. The other, less well-known, behavioral account represents an unusual position in early modern philosophy. This theory espouses a form of behavioral psychology according to which (a) supposed mental properties are "hidden forms" best described in dispositional terms, (b) the true character of an individual can be discovered in his observable behavior, and (c) an "informed" understanding of these properties permits the prediction and control of human behavior. Both of Bacon's theories of human nature fall under his general notion of systematic science: his medical-physical theory of vital spirits is theoretical natural philosophy and his behavioral theory of disposition and expression is operative natural philosophy. Because natural philosophy as a whole is "the inquiry of causes and the production of effects," knowledge of human nature falls under the same two-part definition. It is an inquisition of forms that pertains to the patterns of minute motions in the vital spirits and the production of effects that pertains both to the way these hidden motions produce behavioral effects and to the way in which a skillful agent is able to produce desired effects in other persons' behavior. PMID:17623872

MacDonald, Paul S

2007-01-01

255

Validation of the Bipolar Disorder Etiology Scale Based on Psychological Behaviorism Theory and Factors Related to the Onset of Bipolar Disorder  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aim of this study was to identify psychosocial factors related to the onset of bipolar I disorder (BD). To do so, the Bipolar Disorder Etiology Scale (BDES), based on psychological behaviorism, was developed and validated. Using the BDES, common factors related to both major depressive disorder (MDD) and BD and specific factors related only to BD were investigated. Method The BDES, which measures 17 factors based on psychological behaviorism hypotheses, was developed and validated. This scale was administered to 113 non-clinical control subjects, 30 subjects with MDD, and 32 people with BD. ANOVA and post hoc analyses were conducted. Subscales on which MDD and BD groups scored higher than controls were classified as common factors, while those on which the BD group scored higher than MDD and control groups were classified as specific factors. Results The BDES has acceptable reliability and validity. Twelve common factors influence both MDD and BD and one specific factor influences only BD. Common factors include the following: learning grandiose self-labeling, learning dangerous behavior, reinforcing impulsive behavior, exposure to irritability, punishment of negative emotional expression, lack of support, sleep problems, antidepressant problems, positive arousal to threat, lack of social skills, and pursuit of short-term pleasure. The specific factor is manic emotional response. Conclusions Manic emotional response was identified as a specific factor related to the onset of BD, while parents’ grandiose labeling is a candidate for a specific factor. Many factors are related to the onset of both MDD and BD. PMID:25549262

2014-01-01

256

The Psychology of Cyberspace  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by Professor John Suler of Rider University, The Psychology of Cyberspace is a frequently updated interactive document that provides "an evolving conceptual framework for understanding the various psychological components of cyberspace." Currently, the site contains six major components: The Fundamental Psychological Qualities of Cyberspace, The Psychology of the Individual in Cyberspace, The Psychology of Cyberspace Relationships, Group Dynamics in Cyberspace, Research Methods in Cyberpsychology, and The Palace Study, an ongoing case study of an online multimedia community. This extensive site also includes a subject index to aid information retrieval, and a modest annotated webliography of cyberpsychology resources.

Suler, John.

1999-01-01

257

[Artistic creativity in the light of Jungian analytical psychology].  

PubMed

C.G. Jung's analytical psychology points at important issues in the psychological understanding of creativity. The theories of the Collective Unconscious and the Archetypes contributed to important discoveries in the interpretation of artistic creativity. Jung was concerned to show the relevance of Analytical Psychology to the understanding of European Modernism. Our paper deals with a short Jungian interpretation of Csontvary's art, too. PMID:20938061

Trixler, Mátyás; Gáti, Agnes; Tényi, Tamás

2010-01-01

258

An analysis of spatial patterns in serial rape, arson, and burglary: The utility of the circle theory of environmental range for psychological profiling  

Microsoft Academic Search

D Canter and P. Larkin's (1993) Circle Theory of Environmental Range was designed as a means of using the geographical locations of an individual offender's known offences to predict the approximate site of the offender's residential base. Canter and Larkin obtained support for their theory from an investigation of spatial patterns in serial rapists' offences in a few British cities.

Richard N. Kocsis; Harvey J. Irwin

1997-01-01

259

Evolutionary psychology: the emperor's new paradigm.  

PubMed

For some evolutionary psychology is merely a field of inquiry, but for others it is a robust paradigm involving specific theories about the nature and evolution of the human mind. Proponents of this paradigm claim to have made several important discoveries regarding the evolved architecture of the mind. Highly publicized discoveries include a cheater-detection module, a psychological sex difference in jealousy, and motivational mechanisms underlying parental love and its lapses, which purportedly result in child maltreatment. In this article, I argue that the empirical evidence for these "discoveries" is inconclusive, at best. I suggest that, as the reigning paradigm in evolutionary psychology has produced questionable results, the evolutionary study of human psychology is still in need of a guiding paradigm. PMID:15925806

Buller, David J

2005-06-01

260

Analyzing small psychological experiments with item response models  

E-print Network

in cognitive psychology. In many experimental contexts, particularly within the social sciences, hypotheses For discrete repeated measures data, item response theory (IRT) models and Rasch­type mod­ els in particular response data from a small experiment in cognitive psychology that examines the stresses that telephone

261

On the Real Magnitude of Psychological Sex Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comprehensive evolutionary theory of sex differences will benefit from an accurate assessment of their magnitude across different psychological domains. This article shows that mainstream research has severely underestimated the magnitude of psychological sex differences; the reason lies in the common practice of measuring multidimensional differences one dimension at a time, without integrating them into a proper multivariate effect size

Marco Del Giudice

262

Is belief reasoning automatic? In Press with Psychological Science  

E-print Network

Is belief reasoning automatic? 1 In Press with Psychological Science (Association for Psychological Science, Blackwell Publishing) Is belief reasoning automatic? Ian A. Apperly1 , Kevin J. Riggs2 , Andrew belief reasoning automatic? 2 Abstract Understanding the operating characteristics of theory of mind

Apperly, Ian

263

DEVELOPING A FEMINIST PSYCHOLOGY OF WOMEN: PAST AND FUTURE ACCOMPLISHMENTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A feminist approach to the psychology of women is defined. In terms of this definition four areas central to the psychology of women are examined. These areas are theory building, sex differences research, research describing women's lives, and feminist therapy. For each area past accomplishments are outlined and future directions are suggested. In conclusion, two important methodological paradoxes are presented,

MEREDITH M. KIMBALL

1986-01-01

264

The Teaching of Psychology with a Gender-Balanced Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traditional psychological theories are designed, in large part, to explain the behavior of white males, viewing female behavior as deviant or deficient, or ignoring it altogether. While special undergraduate topics courses, such as those on the psychology of women, address this problem in part, many institutions cannot afford to offer them. In…

Zaremba, Stacey Beth

265

Psychological Review VOLUME 90 NUMBER 4 OCTOBER 1983  

E-print Network

Psychological Review VOLUME 90 NUMBER 4 OCTOBER 1983 Extensional Versus Intuitive Reasoning condition. Many significant choices 1981; Kahneman, Slovic, & Tversky, 1982; must be based on beliefs about, Plin S> Probability theory does not determine Department of Psychology, Jordan Hall, Building 420

Fitelson, Branden

266

Standardized Testing of Blacks in Higher Education: The Psychological View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of the psychological impact of the African-American experience with the U.S. educational system focuses on how this psychological conditioning affects African-American students' performance on standardized tests and in college courses. It draws on theories of intellectual development and recent research on testing in African Americans…

Haymon, Francene E.; And Others

1989-01-01

267

School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel,  

E-print Network

School of Psychology Psychology explores how people think, feel, behave and interact with each. An understanding of contemporary psychological science is essential to shape current and emerging societal issues. Dr Beth Grunfeld Programme Leader, MA Psychology 1 year full-time 2 years part-time MA Psychology #12

Miall, Chris

268

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the  

E-print Network

Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and one of the most prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology A Rigorous, Enriching

269

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325)  

E-print Network

Psychology Insight Taster Day with British Psychology Society (ID:325) Outline The `Psychology and Lecturers aim to give a detailed picture of the various work within Psychology and the career/training options available. These are run in conjunction with the Welsh Branch of the British Psychological Society

Harman, Neal.A.

270

BS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

course from the following: Psych 320 Developmental Psychology: Childhood Psych 342 Abnormal PsychologyBS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology For students entering the degree or above. (Students can enroll in 500-level courses on a space-available basis.) The Psychology Department

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

271

Historically grounding the practice of psychology: implications for professional training.  

PubMed

The author explores 3 ways the history of psychology can be made relevant to professional training in clinical psychology. Focusing on the practitioner-scholar model of clinical professional training, he argues that 3 central facets of historical understanding can be wedded to existing goals of professional training: (a) providing an interdisciplinary context for psychology, (b) addressing concerns about humans in the field, and (c) mediating theory-practice tensions that often exist in professional training. Suggestions are also made for encouraging historical understanding as essential to fostering critical self-reflection among students preparing for careers in professional psychology. PMID:12269334

Buchanan, Trey

2002-08-01

272

Psychology of Religion Pages  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed and maintained by Professor Michael E. Nielsen of the Psychology Department at Georgia Southern University, this site offers numerous resources for people interested in psychological aspects of religious belief and behavior. The site is designed as an introduction to the psychology of religion, rather than a comprehensive treatment. Resources are grouped into three main categories: general resource pages, science and religion pages, and pages devoted to new religious movements. Contents include notable people in the psychology of religion; a bibliography; course syllabi; journal TOCs; essays on the field, on science and religion, and on several aspects of new religious movements; and related links.

Nielsen, Michael E.

1998-01-01

273

Teaching Clinical Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teaching Clinical Psychology, created by Dr. John Suler of Rider University, is devoted to �sharing ideas and resources for teaching clinical psychology.� Helpful for students and educators in the fields of mental health and human services counseling, this site contains practical in-class exercises, such as an exercise which illustrates what it is like to share secrets with strangers, and syllabi for courses in the clinical psychology curriculum. There are also larger projects for students, including an in-depth analysis of a psychotherapy case study and a role-play project which has students administer, score, and interpret a series of psychological tests given to a classmate.

Suler, John R., 1955-

274

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013  

E-print Network

1 PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY SUMMER 2013 Methods) learn a variety of statistical terms and procedures. To successfully LIBRARY COMPUTERS. OVERVIEW Students of Psychology 302 (Statistical

Lockery, Shawn

275

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2014  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2014 Lecture Instructors: Robin Hertz, M such as t-tests, chi-square, and ANOVA. Course Books Required Book: Morling, B. (2012). Research methods, Research Methods in Psychology, is an excellent

Lockery, Shawn

276

JESSICA D. REMEDIOS, PhD Updated October, 2013 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Tufts University  

E-print Network

://ase.tufts.edu/psychology/peopleRemedios.htm ACADEMIC POSITIONS Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology September 2012 - Present Tufts University, Psychology of Public Opinion and Behavior) 2007 University of Toronto Thesis: Self and Others' Perceptions and interventions. In M. Inzlicht & T. Schmader (Eds.), Stereotype Threat: Theory, Process, and Application, 202

Patel, Aniruddh D.

277

Boston College -Lynch School of Education APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY and HUMAN DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

- 15 Credits Required courses (1) PY242: Personality Theories (2) PY230: Abnormal Psychology (PreBoston College - Lynch School of Education APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY and HUMAN DEVELOPMENT Classes 2014) ____ PY031 Family, School and Society (S) ____ PY032 Psychology of Learning (Pre-requisite: PY030) (F, S

Huang, Jianyu

278

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Boosting Beauty in an Economic Decline: Mating,  

E-print Network

provides novel insights into women's mating psychology, consumer behavior, and the relationship between economic reces- sions might influence women's psychology and behavior, we draw on life history theoryJournal of Personality and Social Psychology Boosting Beauty in an Economic Decline: Mating

Cooper, Brenton G.

279

Evolutionary Psychology and Developmental Dynamics: Comment on Lickliter and Honeycutt (2003)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary psychology provides a cogent metatheory for psychological science. It has furnished compelling theories of major domains of human functioning, including mating, parenting, kinship, morality, cooperation, conflict, aggression, and aesthetics. It has produced hundreds of empirical discoveries missed entirely by prior psychologists. Developmental dynamics, properly conceived, can add to the theoretical foundation of evolutionary psychology. But it has not provided

David M. Buss; H. Kern Reeve

2003-01-01

280

School Counselors and Psychological Aspects of Learning Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of some of the more common psychological theories and behavioral variables associated with learning disabilities. Reviews Adlerian Rational Emotive and behavioral and hypnotherapy approaches as intervention strategies for the counselor confronted with learning disabled students. (LLL)

Fahey, David A.

1984-01-01

281

An evaluation of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 using item response theory: which items are most strongly related to psychological distress?  

PubMed

The psychometric structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18; Derogatis, 2001) was investigated using Mokken scaling and parametric item response theory. Data of 487 outpatients, 266 students, and 207 prisoners were analyzed. Results of the Mokken analysis indicated that the BSI-18 formed a strong Mokken scale for outpatients and prisoners, indicating strong unidimensionality. For students, only the depression and anxiety items formed a medium Mokken scale. Parametric item response theory analyses showed that the best discriminating items came from the depression and anxiety subscales. PMID:21280957

Meijer, Rob R; de Vries, Rivka M; van Bruggen, Vincent

2011-03-01

282

TRANSPERSONAL PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIAL WORK EDUCATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social workers in the 1990s are facing a postmodern world, with unique practice challenges in both the micro and macro levels of practice. Because psychological services are reactive, serving the clients that come out of a particular social context, different theories have emerged over time to address the ills of the day. Many of the practice challenges for social work

Au-Deane S. Cowley; David Derezotes

1994-01-01

283

Using History to Teach Contemporary Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gaining a perspective on the evolution of psychological concepts can show students the power of theory and societal perspective in shaping scientific ideas across time. In this article, the author uses two constructs, the broad concept of intelligence and the narrow concept of combat stress reaction, to illustrate how psychologists have grappled…

Beins, Bernard C.

2011-01-01

284

Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy  

E-print Network

SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Fall 2008 EBA 343 Th 3 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

Gallo, Linda C.

285

Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy  

E-print Network

SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Fall 2008 AL 105 M 4 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

Gallo, Linda C.

286

Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy  

E-print Network

SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Fall 2009 PS 130 MWF 9 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

Gallo, Linda C.

287

Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy  

E-print Network

SYLLABUS Psychology 452 Introduction to Counseling and Psychotherapy Spring 2008 LS 244 T 3 is to acquaint you with the major theories of counseling and psychotherapy, including some modern approaches. I in the practice of counseling and psychotherapy. I will also show several videotapes of counseling sessions (part

Gallo, Linda C.

288

Darwin and Developmental Psychology: Past and Present.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Darwin's weak influence on developmental psychology is traced. It is explained by (1) developmentalists' commitment to an ideology of meliorism; (2) conceptual issues relating to ontogeny and phylogeny; and (3) methodological problems. Suggests that developmentalists use evolutionary theory as a heuristic for structuring new research. (BC)

Charlesworth, William R.

1992-01-01

289

Annual Review of Psychology, Volume 32, 1981.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains 19 essays on current research in representative areas of psychology. All of the authors are professors and researchers at universities in the United States. A wide range of topics is discussed. Included among these are human learning and memory; behavioral decision theory; categorization of natural objects; developmental…

Rosenzweig, Mark R., Ed.; Porter, Lyman W., Ed.

290

Joseph Priestley and the Psychology of Style.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Joseph Priestley, in his "A Course of Lectures on Oratory and Criticism," developed a psychological theory of style. The "Course" covers three main topics: traditional rhetorical arts of invention, arrangement, and style. Borrowing from the ideas of David Hartley, the association psychologist; Joseph Addison, the aesthetician; and Adam Smith, the…

Moran, Michael G.

291

Critical Psychologies for Critical Health Literacies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health education is largely informed by psychological theories and practices that pursue reductionist views of people learning. However, critical attention is moving to understand health in ways that reconsider relationships to context and the forms of life within which everyday living takes place. This shift is apparent in theoretical…

Corcoran, Tim

2014-01-01

292

Funtionalism, Darwinism, and the psychology of women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the psychology of women as it was studied from the middle of the 19th century to the 1st 3rd of the 20th century. During that period 3 topics received the most attention: sex differences in brain size and complexity and their implications for cognitive and affective behavior; the hypothesis of greater male variability (a corollary of evolutionary theory) and

Stephanie Shields

1975-01-01

293

Koffka, Köhler, and the "crisis" in psychology.  

PubMed

This paper examines the claims of the Gestalt psychologists that there was a crisis in experimental psychology ca. 1900, which arose because the prevailing sensory atomism excluded meaning from among psychological phenomena. The Gestaltists claim that a primary motivation of their movement was to show, against the speculative psychologists and philosophers and Verstehen historians, that natural scientific psychology can handle meaning. Purportedly, they revealed this motivation in their initial German-language presentations but in English emphasized their scientific accomplishments for an American audience. The paper finds that: there was a recognized crisis in the new experimental psychology ca. 1900 pertaining especially to sensory atomism; that the Gestaltists responded to the crisis with new experimental findings and theoretical concepts (Gestalten) that challenged atomism; in both languages, they raised problems of meaning and discussed the contest with speculative psychology and philosophy only after presenting their scientific case; that they introduced phenomenological observations on meaning and perceptual organization into their psychology but did not develop a theory of meaning or solve philosophical problems; that they argued "philosophically," that is, using abstract, conceptual arguments; and that this aspect of their cognitive style was not received well by some prominent members of their American audience. PMID:22520197

Hatfield, Gary

2012-06-01

294

The concept and treatment of psychological trauma  

PubMed Central

Despite a large and rapidly expanding literature on psychological trauma, many fundamental questions remain about its basic nature: Is it a psychological problem or a biological one?; Is it a past event somehow stuck in the present or is it something new which has been triggered and shaped by that event?; Does it reside only within the patient or does it live between the patient and other people (including within the therapeutic relationship)? This presentation will review the history of the concept of psychological trauma and explore the theoretical bases for current evidence-based psychotherapies for PTSD, each of which will be shown to describe psychological trauma as a problem in bringing the past and the present together in memory and cognition. These theories primarily differ on the question of whether a traumatic memory becomes pathogenic, because it cannot be biologically processed or because it must be psychologically avoided. Psychoanalytic concepts of transference and countertransference will be shown to be of practical importance regardless of the type of treatment chosen. If researchers and clinicians can build on what they hold in common rather than become divided by their differences, we can improve our ability to understand and alleviate the effects of psychological trauma. PMID:25511719

Kudler, Harold

2014-01-01

295

Theories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is designed to help building student understanding of how scientific theories can change over time. Science theories change in the face of new evidence. However, when new explanatory frameworks, or theories, are proposed to explain scientific phenomena, there is often a lengthy period during which groups of scientists use different competing theories to explain the same phenomena. During the activity, students are introduced to the geocentric and heliocentric models, students compare the two models, and then observe the time it took to change the theory underpinning the heliocentric model. This activity is part of the "Swift: Eyes through Time" collection that is available on the Teacher's Domain website.

296

An Evaluation of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 Using Item Response Theory: Which Items Are Most Strongly Related to Psychological Distress?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The psychometric structure of the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18; Derogatis, 2001) was investigated using Mokken scaling and parametric item response theory. Data of 487 outpatients, 266 students, and 207 prisoners were analyzed. Results of the Mokken analysis indicated that the BSI-18 formed a strong Mokken scale for outpatients and…

Meijer, Rob R.; de Vries, Rivka M.; van Bruggen, Vincent

2011-01-01

297

Clemson University Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Clemson University Department of Psychology ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Psychology Undergraduate Handbook 2014-2015 ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Dr. Pamela Alley www.clemson.edu/psych #12;2 Table of Contents Section I: Psychology Department 4

Duchowski, Andrew T.

298

PSYCHOLOGY 202 MIND AND SOCIETY  

E-print Network

, methods, and applications of psychological science. apply psychological concepts to enhance understanding. COURSE MATERIALS The required textbook for this course is Gazzaniga, Heatherton, & Halpern; 3rd Edition (2010). Psychological Science. New York: Norton. In addition to your text, you

Lockery, Shawn

299

Journal of Abnormal Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is reprinted from the Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1965, 70, 1. The Journal of Abnormal Psychology will give priority to articles on problems related to abnormal behavior, broadly defined. The Journal's interests thus include the following: (a) psychopathology--its development or acquisition, its treatment or remission, and its symptomatology and course; (b) normal processes in abnormal individuals; (c) pathological

Howard F. Hunt; William N. Thetford

1965-01-01

300

Psychology and common sense  

Microsoft Academic Search

Examines the nature of the relationship between psychology and common sense. It is postulated that common sense may be categorized in 3 ways: (a) as a set of shared fundamental assumptions, (b) as a set of maxims or shared beliefs, and (c) as a shared way of thinking. It is argued that psychology has and should have a different relationship

Garth J. Fletcher

1984-01-01

301

Psychology and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent sortie into the history of presidential addresses in C.P.A. turned up an interesting sidelight. Two of the first 4 presidents had chosen to discuss directly psychology's responsibilities to society (Line, 1945; Bernhardt, 1947); since 1947, presidential addresses have shown a predominant concern for scientific aspects of psychology with internal organizational matters of the Association receiving lesser but still

W. H. Coons

1968-01-01

302

Teaching Anomalistic Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses need for anomalistic psychology courses (the occult, astrology, ESP, or those phenomena inexplicable in terms of orthodox science) in the college psychology curriculum. A study of an anomalistics course indicates that student belief in the paranormal was associated with greater learning which was then followed by significant reductions…

Jones, Warren; Zusne, Leonard

1981-01-01

303

Affecting qualitative health psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ‘affective turn’ is a contemporary movement within the humanities, social science, and psychology to investigate affect, emotion, and feeling as hybrid phenomena jointly constituted from both biological and social influences. Health and illness are themselves jointly constituted in this way, and many of the topics, concerns, and methods of health psychology are strongly permeated by affective phenomena. Qualitative research

John Cromby

2011-01-01

304

Medical Psychology in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses the state of medical psychology in Canada and explores some current controversies and challenges for the future of the field. The practice of psychology in Canadian medical settings is influenced by the country's universal healthcare system and by the need to provide adequate care to a diverse and widely dispersed population. Although Canada's licensing system does not

Alisha Ali

2001-01-01

305

Health Psychology Chapter Eleven  

E-print Network

also be estimated as well as costs to produce QALYs. d) #12;Quality of Well-Being Scale One of severalHealth Psychology Chapter Eleven: Management of Chronic Illness #12;Quality of Life: What Is Quality of Life? The degree to which a person is able to maximize his or her Physical, Psychological

Meagher, Mary

306

Health Psychology Chapter Eleven  

E-print Network

also be estimated as well as costs to produce QALYs. #12;Quality of Well-Being Scale One of severalHealth Psychology Chapter Eleven: Management of Chronic Illness #12;Quality of Life: What Is Quality of Life? The degree to which a person is able to maximize his or her Physical, Psychological

Meagher, Mary

307

Genetics and Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the major changes in developmental psychology during the past 50 years has been the acceptance of the important role of nature (genetics) as well as nurture (environment). Past research consisting of twin and adoption studies has shown that genetic influence is substantial for most domains of developmental psychology. Present research…

Plomin, Robert

2004-01-01

308

Psychology, metapsychology, and psychoanalysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Argues that both purposive and causal perspectives on behavior are essential to a mature psychology. Focus upon the meaning of behavior may be an efficient strategy for using psychoanalytic data but, for other data, process descriptions often seem more useful. It is concluded that the lack of measures in psychology quantifiable on an interval scale prevents energy constructs from having

Paul L. Wachtel

1969-01-01

309

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Research Report 348 Copyright © 2001 American Psychological Society VOL. 12 experimental conditions reported here demon- strate the top-down influence of word representations, even under listening conditions that pose severe problems for the best computer-based speech

Coulson, Seana

310

Online Psychology Laboratory (OPL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Online Psychology Laboratory (OPL) consists of (1) highly interactive, web-deliverable psychology experiments and demonstrations, (2) a cumulative data archive from which students can retrieve datasets for analysis, and (3) user-controlled data extraction and analysis tools designed for the diverse needs of end users. One of the goals of the collection is to offer support for student research and educators who are not adept in experimental design and data analysis. Psychology students will be able to collect data, analyze data, and report their findings for class assignments or individual projects. Because psychology is allied to many disciplines--biology, sociology, and political science among them--OPL will contribute to the set of experiments available to students who wish to study psychologically-based issues in related scientific disciplines.

2006-03-08

311

Avian psychology and communication.  

PubMed Central

The evolution of animal communication is a complex issue and one that attracts much research and debate. 'Receiver psychology' has been highlighted as a potential selective force, and we review how avian psychological processes and biases can influence the evolution and design of signals as well as the progress that has been made in testing these ideas in behavioural studies. Interestingly, although birds are a focal group for experimental psychologists and behavioural ecologists alike, the integration of theoretical ideas from psychology into studies of communication has been relatively slow. However, recent operant experiments are starting to address how birds perceive and respond to complex natural signals in an attempt to answer evolutionary problems in communication. This review outlines how a psychological approach to understanding communication is useful, and we hope that it stimulates further research addressing the role of psychological mechanisms in signal evolution. PMID:15306314

Rowe, Candy; Skelhorn, John

2004-01-01

312

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

DEPARTMENTAL CODE Department of Psychology Colorado State University Approved May 13, 2009 #12........................................................................... 3 II. Mission of the Department of Psychology

313

Who took the "x" out of expectancy-value theory? A psychological mystery, a substantive-methodological synergy, and a cross-national generalization.  

PubMed

Expectancy-value theory (EVT) is a dominant theory of human motivation. Historically, the Expectancy × Value interaction, in which motivation is high only if both expectancy and value are high, was central to EVT. However, the Expectancy × Value interaction mysteriously disappeared from published research more than 25 years ago. Using large representative samples of 15-year-olds (N = 398,750) from 57 diverse countries, we attempted to solve this mystery by testing Expectancy × Value interactions using latent-variable models with interactions. Expectancy (science self-concept), value (enjoyment of science), and the Expectancy × Value interaction all had statistically significant positive effects on both engagement in science activities and intentions of pursuing scientific careers; these results were similar for the total sample and for nearly all of the 57 countries considered separately. This study, apparently the strongest cross-national test of EVT ever undertaken, supports the generalizability of EVT predictions--including the "lost" Expectancy × Value interaction. PMID:21750248

Nagengast, Benjamin; Marsh, Herbert W; Scalas, L Francesca; Xu, Man K; Hau, Kit-Tai; Trautwein, Ulrich

2011-08-01

314

American Psychological Association Division 20 Undergraduate Syllabi  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by the American Psychological Association (APA) Adult Development and Aging division, this site contains twenty-six syllabi from undergraduate courses taught throughout the United States. Course topics include theory and research in adult development, the psychology of aging, and gerontology. The syllabi contain course descriptions, reading lists, assignments, and project descriptions. Helpful for those who teach adult development and aging courses at the undergraduate level, this site can be used in order to keep abreast of what peers are teaching their students, the methods of student learning evaluation they employ, and what literature is being discussed.

2006-11-17

315

Institute of Psychology Institute of Psychology  

E-print Network

and Empowerment (NCSE) is a reasearch group meant to promote recov- ery from mental illness by understanding laboratories for human behavioral as- sessment studies, psychophysiological research, infant and maternal the Institute of Psychology. Many journals and databases are available through IITs libraries. Research Areas

Saniie, Jafar

316

Four Social Psychological Lenses for Developmental Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How can the advances of social and developmental psychology be integrated? This conceptual paper proposes to examine four basic theoretical models of social situations through which learning and development have been observed in the post-piagetian tradition: the psychosocial triangle, the frame, models of transfer and transitions, and models…

Zittoun, Tania; Perret-Clermont, Anne-Nelly

2009-01-01

317

Attempting Measurement of Psychological Attributes  

PubMed Central

Measures of psychological attributes abound in the social sciences as much as measures of physical properties do in the physical sciences. However, there are crucial differences between the scientific underpinning of measurement. While measurement in the physical sciences is supported by empirical evidence that demonstrates the quantitative nature of the property assessed, measurement in the social sciences is, in large part, made possible only by a vague, discretionary definition of measurement that places hardly any restrictions on empirical data. Traditional psychometric analyses fail to address the requirements of measurement as defined more rigorously in the physical sciences. The construct definitions do not allow for testable predictions; and content validity becomes a matter of highly subjective judgment. In order to improve measurement of psychological attributes, it is suggested to, first, readopt the definition of measurement in the physical sciences; second, to devise an elaborate theory of the construct to be measured that includes the hypothesis of a quantitative attribute; and third, to test the data for the structure implied by the hypothesis of quantity as well as predictions derived from the theory of the construct. PMID:23550264

Salzberger, Thomas

2013-01-01

318

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

James S. Jackson Professor, Department of Psychology Director, Institute for Social Research. Jackson is the Daniel Katz Distinguished University Professor of Psychology, Profes- sor of Afroamerican Psychology, the American Psychological Association, the Association of Psychological Sciences, AAAS

Hill, Wendell T.

319

Predicting Students' Performance in Introductory Psychology from their Psychology Misconceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students bring many misconceptions about psychology to the introductory psychology course. We investigated whether scores on a 10-item Knowledge of Psychology Test (adapted from Vaughan, 1977) taken on the first class day were related to final class grades in 11 introductory psychology classes taught by the same instructor at three colleges. A…

Kuhle, Barry X.; Barber, Jessica M.; Bristol, Adam S.

2009-01-01

320

The Department of Psychology A Path into Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

The Department of Psychology Presents A Path into Clinical Psychology Tuesday, March 18, 2014 5:30 PM ­ 7:00 PM Room 118 Psychology Building This program will provide you insights from graduate students and faculty in the field of clinical psychology. Panel experts will discuss the following: What

Liu, Taosheng

321

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

Doctoral Study in Applied Developmental Psychology Department of Psychology University of New Orleans College of Sciences New Orleans, LA With a Ph.D. in Applied Developmental Psychology from professional psychological services. Graduates from our program are currently in academic positions in higher

Kulp, Mark

322

Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology  

E-print Network

232 Psychology 395 (1, 2, or 3)--Special Topics in Psychology Prerequisite: Permission,inpart,bystudentdemand.Mayberepeated fordegreecreditwithpermissionandifthetopicsare different.Staff. Psychology 403 (3)--Directed Individual Study Prerequisites: Six credits in psychology, junior stand- ing, and permission of the head of the department

Dresden, Gregory

323

Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University  

E-print Network

10/2009 Psychology 685: Practicum in School Psychology Millersville University "Getting to Know Your District" Student's Name Practicum Site Practicum Supervisor Section 1: 1. What psychological is the ratio of student/psychologist? 5. Who is in charge of Psychological Services? 6. Do School Psychologists

Hardy, Christopher R.

324

BS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

: Childhood Psych 342 Abnormal Psychology Note: Psych 320 or 342 cannot be double-counted here and in ClusterBS in PSYCHOLOGY (735420) MAP Sheet Department of Psychology For students entering the degree or above. (Students can enroll in 500-level courses on a space-available basis.) The Psychology Department

Olsen Jr., Dan R.

325

PSYCHOLOGY 280: ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Summer 2014 -Section 101  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY 280: ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY Summer 2014 - Section 101 Tuesdays, Wednesdays, and Thursdays variety of topics in the field of abnormal psychology, including its history and the methods used). Abnormal psychology in a changing world (9th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. Textbook

Liu, Taosheng

326

International School Psychology: Psychology's Worldwide Portal to Children and Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

International school psychology is discussed in reference to scholarly and professional development within psychology, the emergence of an international association of school psychology, its efforts to promote school psychology, prevailing characteristics of school psychologists, and additional efforts needed to further enhance its development.…

Oakland, Thomas D.

2003-01-01

327

Contributions of psychology to war and peace.  

PubMed

The contributions of American psychologists to war have been substantial and responsive to changes in U.S. national security threats and interests for nearly 100 years. These contributions are identified and discussed for four periods of armed conflict: World Wars I and II, the Cold War, and the Global War on Terror. In contrast, about 50 years ago, largely in reaction to the threat of nuclear war, some psychologists in the United States and around the world broke with the tradition of supporting war and began focusing their scholarship and activism on the prevention of war and promotion of peace. Today, peace psychology is a vibrant area of psychology, with theory and practice aimed at understanding, preventing, and mitigating both episodes of organized violence and the pernicious worldwide problem of structural violence. The growth, scope, and content of peace psychology are reviewed along with contributions to policies that promote peace, social justice, and human well-being. PMID:24128314

Christie, Daniel J; Montiel, Cristina J

2013-10-01

328

Enhancing Placebo Effects: Insights From Social Psychology  

PubMed Central

Placebo effects are widely recognized as having a potent impact upon treatment outcomes in both medical and psychological interventions, including hypnosis. In research utilizing randomized clinical trials, there is usually an effort to minimize or control placebo effects. However, in clinical practice there may be significant benefits in enhancing placebo effects. Prior research from the field of social psychology has identified three factors that may enhance placebo effects, namely: priming, client perceptions, and the theory of planned behavior. These factors are reviewed and illustrated via a case example. The consideration of social-psychological factors to enhance positive expectancies and beliefs has implications for clinical practice as well as future research into hypnotic interventions. PMID:23488251

SLIWINSKI, JIM; ELKINS, GARY R.

2012-01-01

329

Applying Cognitive Psychology to User Interfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper explores some key aspects of cognitive psychology that may be mapped onto user interfaces. Major focus in existing user interface guidelines is on consistency, simplicity, feedback, system messages, display issues, navigation, colors, graphics, visibility and error prevention [8-10]. These guidelines are effective indesigning user interfaces. However, these guidelines do not handle the issues that may arise due to the innate structure of human brain and human limitations. For example, where to place graphics on the screen so that user can easily process them and what kind of background should be given on the screen according to the limitation of human motor system. In this paper we have collected some available guidelines from the area of cognitive psychology [1, 5, 7]. In addition, we have extracted few guidelines from theories and studies of cognitive psychology [3, 11] which may be mapped to user interfaces.

Durrani, Sabeen; Durrani, Qaiser S.

330

Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology  

E-print Network

Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Programme information #12;www.bath.ac.uk/psychology/clinical #12;Professional Doctorate in Clinical Psychology Introduction and overview from the Programme Director As the most recently established Doctorate in Clinical Psychology the Bath team has combined well

Burton, Geoffrey R.

331

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Programmes School of Psychology We are one of the UK's strongest Psychology as being `internationally excellent', third in the UK. Head of School of Psychology Create impact. #12;Contents Why study Psychology? 3 Our school 3 Our programmes 4 The third year 5 MSci opportunities 6 How

Miall, Chris

332

Positive Psychology: A Foucauldian Critique  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes and critiques some of the “truth claims” of positive psychology by applying Foucault's concepts of power\\/knowledge, discipline, and governmentality. It illustrates how positive psychology deploys mechanisms to devalue, subjugate, and discredit humanistic psychology. It also illustrates how positive psychology privileges particular modes of functioning by classifying and categorizing character strengths and virtues, supporting a neo-liberal economic and

Matthew McDonald; Jean OCallaghan

2008-01-01

333

Monitor on Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Published eleven times a year by the American Psychological Association, the Monitor on Psychology contains a number of helpful pieces for those persons interested in the broad field of psychology, and for those who may be thinking about going into the field as well. Each month features a number of helpful features, including a commentary from the APA's president, an update on psychology and public policy, discussion of ethical practices, and an editorial from a working professional in the field. Each month the publication also contains a number of extended articles on such topics as personality disorders, the importance of psychologists' in troubled schools, and the role of psychologists in homeland security. Visitors to the site also have access to an archive of previous issues that stretches back to January 1998.

334

Internet research in psychology.  

PubMed

Today the Internet plays a role in the lives of nearly 40% of the world's population, and it is becoming increasingly entwined in daily life. This growing presence is transforming psychological science in terms of the topics studied and the methods used. We provide an overview of the literature, considering three broad domains of research: translational (implementing traditional methods online; e.g., surveys), phenomenological (topics spawned or mediated by the Internet; e.g., cyberbullying), and novel (new ways to study existing topics; e.g., rumors). We discuss issues (e.g., sampling, ethics) that arise when doing research online and point to emerging opportunities (e.g., smartphone sensing). Psychological research on the Internet comes with new challenges, but the opportunities far outweigh the costs. By integrating the Internet, psychological research has the ability to reach large, diverse samples and collect data on actual behaviors, which will ultimately increase the impact of psychological research on society. PMID:25251483

Gosling, Samuel D; Mason, Winter

2015-01-01

335

"Jeopardy" in Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the use of the board game, Jeopardy, in a college level abnormal psychology course. Finds increased student interaction and improved application of information. Reports generally favorable student evaluation of the technique. (CFR)

Keutzer, Carolin S.

1993-01-01

336

Psychology and Composition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study of 60 undergraduates which investigated correlations between style variations (inversion, ornamentation, condensation, poor distribution, and deliberate misleadingness) and such psychological factors as reading ease, mental organization, and recall. (DD)

De Beaugrande, Robert

1979-01-01

337

American Psychological Association  

MedlinePLUS

... Psychology Topics Addictions ADHD Anger Anxiety Bipolar Disorder Bullying Depression Eating Disorders Emotional Health Ethics Learning & Memory ... ADHD Aging Alzheimer's Anger Anxiety Autism Bipolar Disorder Bullying Children Death & Dying Depression Disability Eating Disorders Education ...

338

Darwin and Evolutionary Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Darwin's views on various psychological behaviors were significant. Basing his conclusions on empirical research, he wrote extensively on the phylogeny of behavior, emotional expression, sexual selection, instincts, evolution of morals, ontogeny of behavior, and genetics of behavior. (PS)

Ghiselin, Michael T.

1973-01-01

339

The Psychology of Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven psychological factors were analyzed in relation to unsafe behavior of students in laboratory activities. Findings imply a need for accurate records of unsafe acts, accidents, and injuries in identifying areas of potential progress in accident prevention. (MU)

Nichols, George V., Jr.

1972-01-01

340

Subject to Change 1 Social Psychology PSY 456 / Winter 2009 / CRN 25983  

E-print Network

will explore how social influences interact with other variables such as personality, development, biology psychology. Thus, you will not only study theories of social behavior, but also study experiments theories may not be correct, and that some of the most famous social psychological research findings

Lockery, Shawn

341

Psychometric Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The classic text is Psychometric Theory. Like the previous edition, this text is designed as a comprehensive text in measurement for researchers and for use in graduate courses in psychology, education and areas of business such as management and marketing. It is intended to consider the broad measurement problems that arise in these areas and is written for a reader

J. C. Nunnally

1978-01-01

342

A Cultural-Psychological Analysis of Emotions1  

Microsoft Academic Search

I argue that an activity theory --which regards emotions as interdependent and interpenetrating with other cultural phenomena-- is central for the cultural psychology of emotions. Activity theory maintains that the cultural characteristics, development, and functions of emotions are shaped by social activities and cultural concepts. I explain the relation of biological to cultural factors in shaping the characteristics and development

Carl Ratner

2006-01-01

343

Why Else Does Jenny Run? Young Children's Extended Psychological Explanations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A method for eliciting extended explanations was used to evaluate predictions from the "theory-theory" account of developing psychological reasoning. Children were repeatedly asked to explain the actions or emotions of story characters with false beliefs. Questioning elicited false belief attributions in half of 3-year-olds (Study 1, N = 16, age M…

Bartsch, Karen; Campbell, Michelle D.; Troseth, Georgene L.

2007-01-01

344

Leadership of Education Psychological Services: Fit for Purpose?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time of great change for educational psychology services in England, this paper reviews current theories of leadership and proposes how an integration of key aspects of these can be applied to support a self review of leadership practice, both by individual leaders and by services. The message from current theory is that in the midst of…

Booker, Roger

2013-01-01

345

Toward a Caribbean psychology: an African-centered approach.  

PubMed

Although the Americas and Caribbean region are purported to comprise different ethnic groups, this article’s focus is on people of African descent, who represent the largest ethnic group in many countries. The emphasis on people of African descent is related to their family structure, ethnic identity, cultural, psychohistorical, and contemporary psychosocial realities. This article discusses the limitations of Western psychology for theory, research, and applied work on people of African descent in the Americas and Caribbean region. In view of the adaptations that some people of African descent have made to slavery, colonialism, and more contemporary forms of cultural intrusions, it is argued that when necessary, notwithstanding Western psychology’s limitations, Caribbean psychologists should reconstruct mainstream psychology to address the psychological needs of these Caribbean people. The relationship between theory and psychological interventions for the optimal development of people of African descent is emphasized throughout this article. In this regard, the African-centered and constructionist viewpoint is argued to be of utility in addressing the psychological growth and development of people of African descent living in the Americas and Caribbean region. PMID:22013618

Sutherland, Marcia Elizabeth

2011-01-01

346

Instructional Strategies for Improving Students' Learning: Focus on Early Reading and Mathematics. Psychological Perspectives on Contemporary Educational Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The twin objectives of the series Psychological Perspectives on Contemporary Educational Issues are: (1) to identify issues in education that are relevant to professional educators and researchers; and (2) to address those issues from research and theory in educational psychology, psychology, and related disciplines. The present volume, consisting…

Carlson, Jerry, Ed.; Levin, Joel R., Ed.

2012-01-01

347

American Psychological Society: Teaching Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Teachers of psychology looking for high-quality resources to augment their students' classroom experience need look no further than this collection of online materials. Compiled by the American Psychological Society, the links are divided into topical sections that include health psychology, statistics, clinical psychology, research methods, and a dozen other topics. Visitors to the site will find links that lead to course materials for an introductory class on physiological psychology and a set of materials on educational psychology from Miami University. Finally, the site is rounded out by a very extensive section on statistics, including links to several online statistics glossaries and calculators.

348

The social psychology of stigma.  

PubMed

This chapter addresses the psychological effects of social stigma. Stigma directly affects the stigmatized via mechanisms of discrimination, expectancy confirmation, and automatic stereotype activation, and indirectly via threats to personal and social identity. We review and organize recent theory and empirical research within an identity threat model of stigma. This model posits that situational cues, collective representations of one's stigma status, and personal beliefs and motives shape appraisals of the significance of stigma-relevant situations for well-being. Identity threat results when stigma-relevant stressors are appraised as potentially harmful to one's social identity and as exceeding one's coping resources. Identity threat creates involuntary stress responses and motivates attempts at threat reduction through coping strategies. Stress responses and coping efforts affect important outcomes such as self-esteem, academic achievement, and health. Identity threat perspectives help to explain the tremendous variability across people, groups, and situations in responses to stigma. PMID:15709941

Major, Brenda; O'Brien, Laurie T

2005-01-01

349

Psychological resilience and the well-being of widowed women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of older women in enduring relationships contend with conjugal bereavement. Although most experience considerable\\u000a distress in the immediate aftermath of this loss, the majority adjusts over the course of time. The current study applies\\u000a the theory of psychological resilience (or hardiness) to this topic. Results of this study suggest that psychological resilience\\u000a is significantly associated with both satisfaction

Norm O’Rourke

2004-01-01

350

Religion and Self: Notions from a Cultural Psychological Perspective  

PubMed Central

After a brief introduction of a cultural psychological perspective, this paper turns to the concept of self. The paper proposes to conceive of that reality to which the concepts of self refer as a narrative, employing especially autobiographies and other ego-documents in empirical exploration. After discussing some psychological theories about “self,” the paper points out that they may well be applied in research on personal religiosity. PMID:20694039

2009-01-01

351

Representation of a Physio-psychological Index Through Constellation Graphs  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Chaos theory was applied to analysis of the time series of plethysmograms under various human physio-psychological conditions.\\u000a It found that the largest Lyapunov exponent could be used to characterize physio-psychological status. A visual representation\\u000a method based on constellation graphs was developed to indexing temporal changes in the largest Lyapunov exponent. Changes\\u000a of constellation angles were found to clearly characterizing variations

Mayumi Oyama-higa; Tiejun Miao

2005-01-01

352

(To appear in Fitness, J. & Sterelny, K. (Eds.), New directions in evolutionary psychology, Macquarie Monographs in Cognitive Science, Psychology Press. )  

E-print Network

tested. 1. Social contract theory and the selection task 1.1. The theory Cosmides' (1989) argued that, Macquarie Monographs in Cognitive Science, Psychology Press. ) DOES THE SELECTION TASK DETECT CHEATER succeed to the extent that it causes cognitive psychologists to rethink central aspects of human cognition

Boyer, Edmond

353

Need for the Doctor of Psychology Degree in Professional Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts the advantage of employing the PsyD degree both affirmatively, as a certificate of professional competence in psychology, and restrictively, to exclude inadequately trained people from the practice of professional psychology. (Author)

Peterson, Donald R.

1976-01-01

354

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Winter 2014  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Winter 2014 Lecture Instructor must learn how psychologists know what they know. Research Methods is a critical thinking skills class for success in lab. Course Books Required Book: Morling, B. (2012). Research methods

Lockery, Shawn

355

PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE What is a psychological crisis?  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGICAL CRISES/SUBSTANCE ABUSE What is a psychological crisis? This occurs when an individual CRIMINAL OR VIOLENT BEHAVIOR SECTION #12;3 SUBSTANCE ABUSE What do I need to know about substance abuse

Fernandez, Eduardo

356

Experiences of Psychological and Physical Aggression in Adolescent Romantic Relationships: Links to Psychological Distress  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This research examined links between adolescents' experiences of psychological and physical relationship aggression and their psychological distress. Experiences of psychological and physical aggression were expected to correlate positively with symptoms of psychological distress, but experiences of psychological aggression were…

Jouriles, Ernest N.; Garrido, Edward; Rosenfield, David; McDonald, Renee

2009-01-01

357

Sociogenomic Personality Psychology  

PubMed Central

In this article, we address a number of issues surrounding biological models of personality traits. Most traditional and many contemporary biological models of personality traits assume that biological systems underlying personality traits are causal and immutable. In contrast, sociogenomic biology, which we introduce to readers in this article, directly contradicts the widely held assumption that something that is biological, heritable, or temperamental, is unchangeable. We provide examples of how seemingly unchanging biological systems, such as DNA, are both dependent on environments for elicitation and can be modified by environmental changes. Finally, we synthesize sociogenomic biology with personality psychology in a model of personality traits that integrates this more modern perspective on biology, physiology, and environment that we term sociogenomic personality psychology. We end the article with a discussion of the future directions of sociogenomic personality psychology. PMID:19012657

Roberts, Brent W.; Jackson, Joshua J.

2009-01-01

358

Psychological Factors in Asthma  

PubMed Central

Asthma has long been considered a condition in which psychological factors have a role. As in many illnesses, psychological variables may affect outcome in asthma via their effects on treatment adherence and symptom reporting. Emerging evidence suggests that the relation between asthma and psychological factors may be more complex than that, however. Central cognitive processes may influence not only the interpretation of asthma symptoms but also the manifestation of measurable changes in immune and physiologic markers of asthma. Furthermore, asthma and major depressive disorder share several risk factors and have similar patterns of dysregulation in key biologic systems, including the neuroendocrine stress response, cytokines, and neuropeptides. Despite the evidence that depression is common in people with asthma and exerts a negative impact on outcome, few treatment studies have examined whether improving symptoms of depression do, in fact, result in better control of asthma symptoms or improved quality of life in patients with asthma. PMID:20525122

2008-01-01

359

Introduction to Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Psychology is a vast and complex area of inquiry, and students entering the field may be confounded by the number of subfields within the discipline. Professor Russell A. Dewey of Georgia Southern University has created this fine online introductory textbook that covers everything from states of consciousness to social psychology. The online text includes sixteen chapters, and each chapter contains a number of parts that break each topic into smaller subtopics. The text is well-written and it draws on a number of examples and well-known experiments that will keep readers engaged. The site is rounded out by the inclusion of Professor Dewey's contact information and links to additional resources.

Dewey, Russell A.

2007-09-03

360

Gender and Psychological Essentialism  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY When individuals reason in an essentialist way about social categories, they assume that group differences reflect inherently different natures (Gelman, 2003; Rothbart & Taylor, 1992). This paper describes the psychological and social implications of essentialist beliefs, and examines the extent to which children exhibit psychological essentialism when reasoning about gender. The authors discuss reasons young children as well as older children show essentialist reasoning in some contexts, but not in others. Finally, the authors suggest directions for future research, and discuss a primary challenge to many working in this field: reduction of rigid gender beliefs. PMID:21528097

Heyman, Gail D.; Giles, Jessica W.

2010-01-01

361

[Manuel Azaña and psychology].  

PubMed

Manuel Azaña (1880-1940) was President of the II Spanish Republic and one of the most influential intellectuals of the Republican culture. His doctoral thesis addressed some of the social psychology problems of his time regarding the issue of the legal responsibility of the masses. Azaña also showed interest in psychology during his time as a grantee in Paris and he became a close friend of two of the most influential Spanish psychologists: Luis Simarro y Gonzalo Rodríguez Lafora. Azaña's biography reflects the rise of Spanish psychologists of the early 20th century and their tragic dispersion at the end of the Spanish Civil War. PMID:20667277

Bandrés, Javier; Llavona, Rafael

2010-08-01

362

Optimum Transfer Guide: Psychology Why Psychology at Texas Tech?  

E-print Network

and sophomore years. Psi Chi--Student Organization Psi Chi is the International Honor Society in Psychology, and advancing the science of psychology. Membership is open to graduate and un- dergraduate students. Psi Chi Science (APS). Psi Chi's sister honor society is Psi Beta, the nation- al honor society in psychology

Gelfond, Michael

363

Clinical psychology and evolutionary psychology: Toward a dialogue  

Microsoft Academic Search

The growth of evolutionary psychology as a theoretical framework for the study of human behavior has been spectacular. However, evolutionary psychology has been largely ignored by clinical psychology. This article is an attempt to encourage greater dialogue between the two. First, some of the major principles of evolutionary psychol- ogy are outlined, followed by consideration of some of the criticisms

Richard J. Siegert; Tony Ward

2002-01-01

364

Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2013  

E-print Network

1 Psychology 303: Research Methods in Psychology Summer 2013 Lecture Instructors: Devin Howington), but they also must learn how psychologists know what they know. Research Methods is a critical thinking skills Book: Morling, B. (2012). Research methods in psychology: Evaluating a world of information (1st ed

Lockery, Shawn

365

Sport Psychology: An Emerging Domain in the Counseling Psychology Profession?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed counseling psychologists on their involvement in sport psychology research, training, and practice; their affiliation with sport psychology professional organizations; and their attitudes toward current professional sport psychology issues. Found that counseling psychologists were minimally involved, and had received little formal…

Petrie, Trent A.; And Others

1995-01-01

366

The Representation of Applied Psychology Areas in Introductory Psychology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many psychology majors indicate helping others as a reason for majoring in psychology, yet many enter positions not closely related to the field. This discrepancy may be due to a lack of student knowledge of the applied areas of psychology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the coverage of clinical, counseling,…

Haselhuhn, Charlotte W.; Clopton, Kerri L.

2008-01-01

367

Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology  

E-print Network

Assistant Professor Position In Applied Social Psychology Applied Social Psychology Program Department of Psychology Colorado State University Job Description and Qualifications The Department of Psychology at Colorado State University invites applications for one tenure- track position in Applied Social

368

Graduates of 2001 Jenny L. Alindogan ---Psychology  

E-print Network

Graduates of 2001 Jenny L. Alindogan --- Psychology Traci M. Anderson --- Dental Hygiene Brian H --- Psychology Kristin Bentivogli --- Pyschology Amy Bierowski Bowles --- Psychology Jonathan R. Briggs --- Psychology Michelle R. Broyles --- Dental Hygiene Christopher Burri --- Biology Justin G. Castagne

369

Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement  

E-print Network

10/2011 Psychology Department Mandatory Advising Requirement Instructions 1) Student completes Part advisor's signature. 4) Once the form is signed, submit form to Psychology Department, EP 301 to clear

370

Whither Social Theory?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the place of social theory in mathematics education research, and what is it for? This special issue of "Educational Studies in Mathematics" offers insights on what could be the role of some sociological theories in a field that has historically privileged learning theories coming from psychology and mathematics as the main…

Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

2014-01-01

371

Psychological Aspects of Erectile Dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Because the brain is intimately involved in the control of erections, a wide variety of psychological factors impact erectile\\u000a response and may lead to erectile dysfunction (ED). This chapter reviews the assessment of psychological factors in ED, the\\u000a immediate and underlying psychological conditions involved, and the development of ED over time. Outcome research on psychological\\u000a treatments for ED is also

Richard A. Carroll

372

The Process of Psychological Consultation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Consultation is a key means of service delivery in many psychological services. However, the "process" of consultation is little explored in Educational Psychology literature, particularly in the United Kingdom (UK). This paper focuses on a small-scale qualitative research study of psychological consultation provided by educational…

Nolan, Anna; Moreland, Neil

2014-01-01

373

Indigenisation of Psychology in India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic psychology which made a new beginning in India in the early part of 20th century was modelled on the Western scientific tradition. The teaching of psychology was very much on the British pattern since the colonial rule, whereas the research was mostly an extension of the Western work in India. Psychology went through massive expansion…

Dalal, Ajit K.

2011-01-01

374

Sprinkling Psychology Courses with Peace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes that psychology teachers help promote a more active consideration of the psychology of peace and war in the nuclear age by including the topic in their courses. Specific ways to incorporate this issue into psychology courses are offered. (Author/JDH)

Wagner, Richard V.; Bronzaft, Arline L.

1987-01-01

375

Educational Psychology Bylaws Pullman Campus  

E-print Network

1 Educational Psychology Bylaws Pullman Campus Department of Educational Leadership, Sports Studies, and Educational \\ Counseling Psychology, College of Education Washington State University Last Revised by Faculty.ED B. Discipline: Educational Psychology is a general reference to the fields of Educational

Collins, Gary S.

376

Dept. of Psychology Majors Advising  

E-print Network

Dept. of Psychology Majors Advising Summer 2011 Whether you are choosing courses or deciding on Psychology as your major, a faculty advisor can help you plan your degree and ensure you meet all.rockman@uwinnipeg.ca E-mail for an appt. Contact the Psychology Department Assistant for info

Martin, Jeff

377

Evolutionary Psychology and Intelligence Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article seeks to unify two subfields of psychology that have hitherto stood separately: evolutionary psychology and intelligence research/differential psychology. I suggest that general intelligence may simultaneously be an evolved adaptation and an individual-difference variable. Tooby and Cosmides's (1990a) notion of random quantitative…

Kanazawa, Satoshi

2010-01-01

378

Teaching of psychology in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychology programs were first recognized in Brazilian universities during the mid?20th century. Prior to that, psychology had been taught in conjunction with other programs such as medicine, law, and education. The growth of psychology programs has been rapid in the last 25 years. From the time the Brazilian government first established a 5?year degree program in 1962, the number of

Claudio S. Hutz; William Gomes; Sherri McCarthy

2006-01-01

379

Positive Psychology and Outdoor Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A relatively new movement in psychology, positive psychology, has many implications for the field of outdoor education. Positive psychology has the goal of fostering excellence through the understanding and enhancement of factors that lead to growth. It embraces the view that growth occurs when positive factors are present, as opposed to the…

Berman, Dene S.; Davis-Berman, Jennifer

2005-01-01

380

Psychology and Phenomenology: A Clarification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Controversies are rampant in contemporary psychology concerning the appropriate method for observing consciousness and the role inner experience should play in psychological theorizing. These conflicting orientations reflect, in part, methodological differences between natural science and human science interpretations of psychology. Humanistic…

Kendler, Howard H.

2005-01-01

381

Psychological Factors Affecting Cardiologic Conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are substantial data supporting a strong relationship between cardiovascular diseases and psychological conditions. However, the criteria for scientific validation of the entities currently subsumed under the DSM-IV category of ’Psychological factors affecting a medical condition’ have never been clearly enumerated and the terms ’psychological symptoms’ and ’personality traits’ that do not satisfy traditional psychiatric criteria are not well defined;

C. Rafanelli; R. Roncuzzi; F. Ottolini; M. Rigatelli

2007-01-01

382

Educational Psychology: The Distinctive Contribution  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper, written in the twenty-first anniversary year of the journal "Educational Psychology in Practice", attempts to uncover those distinctive aspects of the discipline and the practice of applied psychology in general and educational psychology in particular. After considering some of the reasons for attempting this task at this point in…

Cameron, R. J.

2006-01-01

383

Signature Strengths in Positive Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Positive psychology can be thought of as the scientific study of what is "right about people" as opposed to the traditional focus on the healing of psychological pain or trauma. The philosophical roots of positive psychology can be traced back to Confucianism, Taoism, Buddhism, Hinduism, Judaism, Christianity, as well as Islamic and Athenian…

Molony, Terry; Henwood, Maureen

2010-01-01

384

Psychological Tests and Minorities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems with traditional testing, particularly as they relate to minorities, are discussed; and psychological tests designed specifically for Blacks are reviewed. Considered are general problems, problems with testing at the higher education level and for employment, and moral and legal implications of the testing controversy. The rationale…

Wright, Brenda Johnson; Isenstein, Vivian R.

385

Civility and Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Media in the '70s stressed the importance of self and popularized psychology. Amidst self-help best sellers, encounter sessions, and special interest groups, the author asks, "What has happened to civility?" and "Can a culture without civility call itself civilized?" Condensed and reprinted from "Daedalus," Summer 1980. (Editor)

Coles, Robert

1981-01-01

386

Logic and psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The absence of strict criteria on which to base the acceptance of science shows that the acceptance of scientific knowledge is based on nonstrict criteria. This nonstrict logic rests to an extent on informal elements derived from psychological observations. In these informal elements of science, one can discern the indeterminacy of scientific knowledge, including its indeterminate content and that the

Michael Polanyi

1968-01-01

387

ucationchange plied psychology  

E-print Network

ucationchange explore plied psychology invent GOBEYOND Teaching and Learning HigHer education TEACH GOBEYOND Teaching and Learning HigHer education SPARK CHANGE Human Development Adult EducAtion 20 in the world according to the 2013-14 Times Higher Education (THE) World University report

Sokolowski, Marla

388

Neuroscience with Psychology  

E-print Network

BSc (Hons) Neuroscience with Psychology Degree Programme Guide 2014-15 SchoolofMedicalSciences #12 Course Requirements Year 1 - Year 2 - Year 3 - Year 4 Introduction Neuroscience is the study of nerve and delicate organ. By unravelling the mysteries of normal brain function, Neuroscience promotes our

Levi, Ran

389

Evolutionary Developmental Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes evolutionary developmental psychology as the study of the genetic and ecological mechanisms that govern the development of social and cognitive competencies common to all human beings and the epigenetic (gene-environment interactions) processes that adapt these competencies to local conditions. Outlines basic assumptions and domains of…

Geary, David C.; Bjorklund, David F.

2000-01-01

390

A psychology without heredity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Starting from a behavioristic definition of psychology, Professor Kuo vigorously attacks the use of heredity as an explanatory conception. It is commonly assumed that instinctive behavior has a fixed and invariable neural pattern as its basis; but the facts are against this view, as they are also against the view of a variable synaptic resistance. Even if we knew something

Z. Y. Kuo

1924-01-01

391

Space Psychology and Psychiatry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This book deals with psychological, psychiatric, and psychosocial issues that affect people who live and work in space. Unlike other books that focus on anecdotal reports and ground-based simulation studies, this book emphasizes the findings from psychological research conducted during actual space missions. Both authors have been active in such research. What is presented in this readable text has previously been found only in scientific journal articles. Topics that are discussed include: behavioral adaptation to space; human performance and cognitive effects; crewmember interactions; psychiatric responses; psychological counter-measures related to habitability factors, work-design, selection, training, and in-flight monitoring and support; and the impact of expeditionary missions to Mars and beyond. People finding this book of interest will include: psychology and social science students and professors in universities; medical students and residents in psychiatry and aerospace medicine; human factors workers in space and aviation professions; individuals involved with isolated environments on Earth (e.g., the Antarctic, submarines); aerospace workers in businesses and space agencies such as NASA and ESA; and anyone who is interested in learning the facts about the human side of long-duration space missions. Link: http://www.wkap.nl/prod/b/1-4020-1341-8

Kanas, N.; Manzey, D.

2003-09-01

392

PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS OF PRIVACY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Various types of privacy behaviors are engaged in to achieve a desired level of access to one's self or group. Six types of privacy have been identified empirically—Solitude, Isolation, Anonymity, Reserve, Intimacy with Friends, and Intimacy with Family. The psychological needs met by each privacy was investigated in this study. Each type of privacy was rated by 74 subjects according

Darhl M. Pedersen

1997-01-01

393

Cognitive psychology as ideology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Presents a critical analysis of some of the major work in cognitive social, personality, and developmental psychology. It is argued that cognitivism, by virtue of the primacy it gives to the individual knower, to subjective determinants of behavior, and to formal cognitive operations, represents a set of values and interests that reproduce and reaffirm the existing nature of the social

Edward E. Sampson

1981-01-01

394

Learning Theory and Epistemology Kevin T. Kelly  

E-print Network

Learning Theory and Epistemology Kevin T. Kelly Department of Philosophy Carnegie Mellon University psychological and epistemological issues, but retains its own, distinct emphasis and character. Reliability

Andrews, Peter B.

395

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology  

E-print Network

1 MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology Department Chair: Richard A. Block/Majors/Options Offered by Department B.S. in Psychology (with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology) M.S. in Psychological Science #12;2 Departmental Assessment Plan Department of Psychology, Montana State University July

Maxwell, Bruce D.

396

Studying Psychology at Strathclyde Dr Kellyanne Findlay  

E-print Network

1 Studying Psychology at Strathclyde Dr Kellyanne Findlay kellyanne.findlay@strath.ac.uk What is Psychology? I study Psychology Tell me what I'm thinking then Psychology's all just common sense What is Psychology? Psychology is the study of the mind and behaviour. There are five main goals, 1. Describe how

Mottram, Nigel

397

MSU Departmental Assessment Report Department: Psychology  

E-print Network

MSU Departmental Assessment Report May, 2009 Department: Psychology Department Chair: Richard A by Department B.S. in Psychology (with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology) M.S. in Psychology (with emphasis on Psychological Science) 1 #12;Summary of Undergraduate Survey Data Since Fall

Maxwell, Bruce D.

398

MSU Departmental Assessment Plan Department: Psychology  

E-print Network

1 MSU Departmental Assessment Plan 2007-2009 Department: Psychology Department Head: Richard A.S. in Psychology with options in Psychological Science and Applied Psychology M.S. in Applied Psychology #12;2 Departmental Assessment Plan Department of Psychology, Montana State University April 2007 Degree Objectives

Maxwell, Bruce D.

399

Folk Psychology vs. Mental Simulation: How Minds Understand Minds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website "provides access to work that was discussed at, inspired by, or is otherwise relevant to the seminar 'Folk Psychology vs. Mental Simulation: How Minds Understand Minds,' a National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Seminar for College Teachers held at the University of Missouri-St. Louis" last July. Folk Psychology and Mental Simulation are two competing theories designed to explain how "people understand, predict, and explain one another's actions, thoughts, and motivations"; both have implications for the understanding and possible treatment of Autism among other conditions. The site currently features fifteen articles and papers -- some with abstracts -- with another ten to be added soon. Titles include "Autism and the 'Theory of Mind' Debate," "Developing Commonsense Psychology: Experimental Data and Philosophical Data," and "A Cognitive Theory of Pretense." Articles are available in .pdf or HTML formats.

400

Psychological Responses to Cancer Recurrence  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND There is a dearth of knowledge regarding the psychological responses to a diagnosis of cancer recurrence. METHODS An ongoing randomized clinical trial provided the context for prospective study. Women with Stage II/III breast carcinoma (N = 227) were initially assessed after their diagnosis/surgery and before adjuvant therapy and then reassessed every 6 months. Eight years into the trial, 30 patients had recurred (R) and were assessed shortly after receiving their second diagnosis. Their data were compared with a sample of trial patients who had no evidence of disease (disease free [DF]; n = 90). The groups were matched on study arm, disease stage, estrogen receptor status, menopausal status, and time since initial diagnosis. RESULTS As hypothesized, patients’ cancer-specific stress at recurrence in the R group was higher (P < 0.05) than stress levels for the DF group at the equivalent point in time. Importantly, the R group reported stress for their recurrent diagnosis equivalent to that reported for their initial diagnosis. Identical results were found for measures of health status and symptomatology. In contrast, analyses for emotional distress and social functioning showed no pattern of disruption for the R group at cancer recurrence and levels equivalent to that of the DF group. CONCLUSIONS To the authors’ knowledge, this was the first controlled, prospective psychological analysis of patients’ responses to cancer recurrence. The findings were consistent with a learning theory conceptualization of the cancer stressor. Patients’ stress was “compartmentalized” and did not, at least in the early weeks, result in diffuse emotional distress and quality of life disruption, underscoring the resilience of patients when confronted with cancer recurrence. PMID:16118802

Andersen, Barbara L.; Shapiro, Charles L.; Farrar, William B.; Crespin, Timothy; Wells-DiGregorio, Sharla

2007-01-01

401

Neoclassical Theory Versus Prospect Theory: Evidence from the Marketplace  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several experimental studies have provided evidence that suggest indifference curves have a kink around the current endowment level. These results, which clearly contradict closely held economic doctrines, have led some influential commentators to call for an entirely new economic paradigm to displace conventional neoclassical theory-e.g., prospect theory, which invokes psychological effects. This paper pits neoclassical theory against prospect theory by

John A. List

2004-01-01

402

A neuroscience agenda for counseling psychology research.  

PubMed

Recent advances in the field of neuroscience have dramatically changed our understanding of brain-behavior relationships. In this article, we illustrate how neuroscience can provide a conceptual and methodological framework to understand our clients within a transdiagnostic developmental perspective. We provide directions for integrating neuroscience into future process and outcome research. We present examples on how neuroscience can be integrated into researching the effects of contextual counseling interventions. We posit that interpersonal and environmental factors, such as neurotoxic factors (e.g., emotional neglect, stress), positive neurodevelopmental factors (e.g., nurturing and caring, environmental enrichment), and therapeutic interventions influence psychological processes (executive control, behavioral flexibility, reinforcement learning and approach motivation, emotional expression and regulation, self-representation and theory of mind). These psychological processes influence brain networks (attention, motivational, emotional regulation, social cognition), which influence cognitive, social, emotional, identity, and vocational development. PMID:25285708

Gonçalves, Oscar F; Perrone-McGovern, Kristin M

2014-10-01

403

Normality in Analytical Psychology  

PubMed Central

Although C.G. Jung’s interest in normality wavered throughout his career, it was one of the areas he identified in later life as worthy of further research. He began his career using a definition of normality which would have been the target of Foucault’s criticism, had Foucault chosen to review Jung’s work. However, Jung then evolved his thinking to a standpoint that was more aligned to Foucault’s own. Thereafter, the post Jungian concept of normality has remained relatively undeveloped by comparison with psychoanalysis and mainstream psychology. Jung’s disjecta membra on the subject suggest that, in contemporary analytical psychology, too much focus is placed on the process of individuation to the neglect of applications that consider collective processes. Also, there is potential for useful research and development into the nature of conflict between individuals and societies, and how normal people typically develop in relation to the spectrum between individuation and collectivity. PMID:25379262

Myers, Steve

2013-01-01

404

Normality in analytical psychology.  

PubMed

Although C.G. Jung's interest in normality wavered throughout his career, it was one of the areas he identified in later life as worthy of further research. He began his career using a definition of normality which would have been the target of Foucault's criticism, had Foucault chosen to review Jung's work. However, Jung then evolved his thinking to a standpoint that was more aligned to Foucault's own. Thereafter, the post Jungian concept of normality has remained relatively undeveloped by comparison with psychoanalysis and mainstream psychology. Jung's disjecta membra on the subject suggest that, in contemporary analytical psychology, too much focus is placed on the process of individuation to the neglect of applications that consider collective processes. Also, there is potential for useful research and development into the nature of conflict between individuals and societies, and how normal people typically develop in relation to the spectrum between individuation and collectivity. PMID:25379262

Myers, Steve

2013-12-01

405

[Psychological dimension of manducation].  

PubMed

Manducation designates all the actions involved in drinking and eating. Thus manducation consists mainly of sucking, retaining and chewing food, salivary secretion, buccofacial somatesthesia, gustation, in some part olfaction, and finally swallowing: consequently an intricate combination of sensorial and both motor and secretory actuating functions, controlled and coordinated by upper neuromuscular functions. In addressing the multiplicity and complexity of rhinencephalic manifestations, which involve conjointly memorizing processes, feeding, sexual and olfactive functions, socioemotional behaviour, and the concept of individual and species preservation, the author has tried to define the psychological dimension of manducation. This viewpoint, which springs from evolution, leads to the discussion of the connexions and operative differences between the ancient rhinencephalic brain and the recent cortical one. The author has attempted to avoid psychological concepts in order to study psychical phenomena. PMID:6306784

Dubois-Prévost, R

1983-03-24

406

School Psychology Resources Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 1,000 annotated links, this Website offers a valuable directory of online resources in the broad and burgeoning field of school psychology. Resources are divided into two broad categories: Specific Conditions, Disorders, and Disabilities, and Other Information. The first includes listings for such topics as Attention Deficit Disorders, Deafness, Eating Disorders, Learning Disabilities, Mental Retardation, Substance Abuse, and Tourette's Syndrome. The second catch-all category includes such topics as Adolescence, Assessment/Evaluation, ERIC Clearinghouses, Law and Education, Mental Health, Professional Organizations, and about a dozen others. The links are authoritative, and the Website is updated daily. A features section also includes an online bookstore, daily cartoon, and jobs information. The site is created and maintained by Sandra Steingart, who holds a doctorate in education and works in the Office of Psychological Services in the Baltimore County Public Schools.

407

Noba Psychology Collection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Noba is an online tool that allows teachers to create their own free psychology textbooks by using provided content. Noba consists of nearly 90 short (2500-4000 word) chapters authored by leading instructors and researchers including 7 winners of the William James Award. Chapters are organized in familiar categories (Development, Learning & Memory, Personality, etc.) for easy reference. All Noba materials are licensed through Creative Commons under the CC BY-NA-SA license terms.

408

Social Psychology Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

With over 11,000 links contained within its pages, the Social Psychology Network site is arguably the largest social psychology database on the Internet. Maintained by Professor Scout Plous of Wesleyan University, the site has been generously supported by the National Science Foundation. Visitors will appreciate the very clean layout of the siteâ??s homepage, as they are presented with a search engine, along with a number of electronic forums, and a listing of related topics. To delve into the siteâ??s contents, visitors may wish to select from any one of the areas on the left-hand side of the homepage, which include listings of doctoral programs in social psychology and teaching resources. There are numerous other options for interested parties, and they lead to such offerings as rankings of doctoral programs in the field and distance learning options in the field. Finally, visitors can also view many of the siteâ??s documents in a number of languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, and German.

Plous, Scott

409

Death of Parents and Adult Psychological and Physical Well-BeingA Prospective U.S. National Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guided by a life course perspective, attachment theory, and gender theory, this study aims to examine the impact of death of a father, a mother, or both parents, as well as continuously living with one or both parents dead (in contrast to having two parents alive) on multiple dimensions of psychological well-being (depressive symptoms, happiness, self-esteem, mastery, and psychological wellness),

Nadine F. Marks; Heyjung Jun; Jieun Song

2007-01-01

410

Changes in Psychology of Women and Psychology of Gender Textbooks (1975–2010)  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this section, four authors contributed their thoughts on how writing textbooks on the psychology of women and gender has\\u000a changed over the last 35 years. The introduction summarizes common themes in these reflections: the explosion in research\\u000a and theory about women and gender; increased inclusion of diversity and intersectionality; increased appreciation of the power\\u000a of the social context and power

Susan A. Basow

2010-01-01

411

Credentialing high school psychology teachers.  

PubMed

The National Standards for High School Psychology Curricula (American Psychological Association, 2013b) require a teacher with considerable psychology content knowledge to teach high school psychology courses effectively. In this study, I examined the initial teaching credential requirements for high school psychology teachers in the 50 states plus the District of Columbia. Thirty-four states (the District of Columbia is included as a state) require the social studies credential to teach high school psychology. An analysis of the items on standardized tests used by states to validate the content knowledge required to teach social studies indicates little or no presence of psychology, a reflection of psychology's meager presence in the social studies teacher preparation curricula. Thus, new teachers with the social studies teaching credential are not prepared to teach high school psychology according to the National Standards. Approval of The College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards: Guidance for Enhancing the Rigor of K-12 Civics, Economics, Geography, and History (National Council for the Social Studies, 2013) presents an opportunity to advocate for establishing a psychology credential in the 34 states. PMID:24911050

Weaver, Kenneth A

2014-09-01

412

Academic Motivation in University: The Role of Basic Psychological Needs and Identity Formation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was an investigation of the relationship between psychological need fulfillment, psychosocial development, and academic motivation in university students. Two models were tested. The 1st model, derived from developmental theories, proposed that basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence, and relatedness would predict identity and intimacy achievement, which would, in turn, predict academic intrinsic motivation. A 2nd model, based on

Cathy Faye; Donald Sharpe

2008-01-01

413

An Experimental Investigation of the Antecedents and Consequences of Psychological Reactance in the College Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological reactance theory (PRT) is largely understudied in the classroom context. In this experiment, we manipulated instructors' use of clarity and forceful language as antecedents of psychological reactance and examined student communication outcomes (i.e., instructional dissent and challenge behavior) as ways in which students restore…

Ball, Hannah; Goodboy, Alan K.

2014-01-01

414

Integrating Behavioral-Motive and Experiential-Requirement Perspectives on Psychological Needs: A Two Process Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychological need theories offer much explanatory potential for behavioral scientists, but there is considerable disagreement and confusion about what needs are and how they work. A 2-process model of psychological needs is outlined, viewing needs as evolved functional systems that provide both (a) innate psychosocial motives that tend to impel adaptive behavior and (b) innate experiential requirements that when met

Kennon M. Sheldon

2011-01-01

415

Journal of Mathematical Psychology 51 (2007) 359382 Evolutionary models of color categorization based on discrimination  

E-print Network

for psychological theories of color categorization and the evolution of color-naming systems in human societiesJournal of Mathematical Psychology 51 (2007) 359­382 Evolutionary models of color categorization, and anthropology. This article approaches this issue through the simulated evolution of color lexicons. It is shown

Barrett, Jeffrey A.

416

Abnormal and social psychology in the life and work of William James  

Microsoft Academic Search

James' formal and academic participation in abnormal psychology was more significant than its extensiveness might suggest. He asserted that the exceptional interprets the usual, and that the abnormal may be the misunderstood or the unappreciated. James was often absorbed in practical social interest, and his general psychological theory was suited to the explanation of social phenomena. He was specifically concerned

H. D. Spoerl

1942-01-01

417

Nation-Level Indicators of Gender Equity in Psychological Research: Theoretical and Methodological Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Power and inequality are central concepts in feminist theory and practice. Yet, with a few notable exceptions, there is relatively little empirical research on gender and power within feminist psychology. A search of PsycINFO for articles published in "Psychology of Women Quarterly" for the years 2000-2011 yielded only 14 empirical articles with…

Hyde, Janet Shibley

2012-01-01

418

A Psychological Perspective on the Temporal Dimensions of E-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological perspectives have long been reflected in educational theory and practice. Therefore, we expect psychology to contribute to our understanding of the impact of technology on the temporal aspects of teaching and learning in this digital age. Understanding how we learn, and how learning and teaching can be facilitated, are key to…

Terras, Melody M.; Ramsay, Judith

2014-01-01

419

The American Psychological Association Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls: A Review, Update and Commentary  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2006 the American Psychological Association formed the Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. They were charged with examining and summarizing the best psychological theory, research and clinical experience addressing the sexualization of girls. This article provides an outline of the Task Force report, reviews the recent work in this field, and discusses the implications for study in the

Linda Hatch

2011-01-01

420

Karl Popper and Albert Ellis: Their ideas on psychology and rationality compared  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper considers leading ideas of Albert Ellis on psychological theory and therapy in relation to ideas of the celebrated philosopher, Karl Popper. The aim is to indicate striking similarities in their views on learning, the genesis of emotional disturbance and, in particular, rationality. Discussion commences with Popper's early, and little studied, work on psychology. His philosophy of science is

Struan Jacobs

1989-01-01

421

Psychology Students' Interest in Graduate Training: A Need for Partnership among Undergraduate Psychology and Graduate School Psychology Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An initial point of contact for recruitment of qualified persons into school psychology is undergraduate psychology degree programs. Unfortunately, the discipline of school psychology appears to receive at best only cursory coverage in undergraduate psychology texts, curriculum, and discussion by psychology department faculty even though school…

Stinnett, Terry A.; Solomon, Benjamin G.

2014-01-01

422

Psychology 410 Evolutionary Psychology Spring 2014  

E-print Network

the natural selection of "solutions" to our #12;2 ancestors' survival "problems" contributes to current human understanding of how scientists can use Evolutionary Theory, first proposed by Charles Darwin, to study human to read a description of human or animal behavior and theorize as to how evolutionary principles might

Lockery, Shawn

423

Association for Applied Sport Psychology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The three interrelated focus areas of the Association for Applied Sport Psychology (AASP) are health and exercise psychology, performance psychology and social psychology. The aim of the Association is to see how "participation in sport, exercise, and physical activity may enhance personal development and well-being throughout the life span." Visitors will find that the "About" section of their website has a "History" link, as well as links to "Awards & Grants," "Fellows," and "Special Interest Groups." The "Publications" link has position papers published by the AASP in PDF format at the bottom of the page; topics of the papers include unethical behavior, choosing a sport psychology consultant, and human diversity. Visitors can check out the "Resource Center" link for information for parents, coaches, and athletes, which cover such topics as mental skills training information and how to teach and apply sport psychology skills.

424

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum placements. These placements allow you to  

E-print Network

Counselling Psychology Practicum The Counselling Psychology program includes two practicum development in real counselling settings. The general goal of the Counselling Psychology Practica. Students in the Master of Education (Counselling Psychology) program are responsible for making their own

Morris, Joy

425

Work-family conflict in Japan: how job and home demands affect psychological distress.  

PubMed

The aim of the present study was to examine how job and home demands are related to psychological distress in a sample of Japanese working parents with preschool children (n=196). We expected that job and home demands are partially related to psychological distress through work-to-family conflict (WFC) and family-to-work conflict (FWC), respectively. Structural equation modeling showed that, as expected, home demands were partially related to psychological distress, both directly and indirectly through FWC. In contrast, job demands were only directly related to psychological distress. The differences between the roles of FWC and WFC are discussed using identity theory. PMID:20616471

Shimazu, Akihito; Bakker, Arnold B; Demerouti, Evangelia; Peeters, Maria C W

2010-01-01

426

University of Sussex School of Psychology  

E-print Network

University of Sussex School of Psychology PhD in Psychology Course details for 2014 entry School of Psychology The School of Psychology has a thriving community of research students who enjoy excellent areas of psychology in which School faculty specialise. All postgraduate research students are eligible

Sussex, University of

427

M.Sc. PSYCHOLOGY Application Checklist  

E-print Network

M.Sc. PSYCHOLOGY Application Checklist IMPORTANT NOTES 1. Please submit all Application Materials.Sc. in Psychology must have an Honours degree in Psychology or an undergraduate degree in Psychology (or a related for coursework (Maximum 10 pages). GRE Test Scores: General & Advanced Psychology SUBMIT ­ IF APPLICABLE Official

Northern British Columbia, University of

428

Revised 2/2012 PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR  

E-print Network

Revised 2/2012 PSYCHOLOGY MAJOR REQUIREMENTS (Effective August 2012) Name: ID#: First Semester FOUNDATION COURSES (20 units): PSYC-101 General Psychology PSYC-260 Psychological Statistics PSYC-270 Biological Psychology RHET 203 Writing in Psychology (or RHET 301) PSYC-265 Research Design ONE DIVERSITY

Galles, David

429

Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology  

E-print Network

© Doug MacLellan 2014 Child Psychology Child psychology is one of the many branches of psychology and behaviour of children from prenatal development through adolescence. Child psychology deals not only with how children grow physically, but with their mental, emotional and social development, as well. www.uwindsor.ca/psychology

430

Evolutionary social psychology: Prospects and pitfalls  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principles of evolutionary psychology and the traditional assumptions of social psychology are highly compatible. Both disciplines trace observed behavioral variability to situational variability. Both assume that psychological mechanisms sensitive to social information are central to causal accounts of social behavior. Questions about the origins and functions of these psychological mechanisms are indispensable for understanding social behavior. Evolutionary psychology provides

David M. Buss

1990-01-01

431

American Psychological Association Help Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

432

American Psychological Association Help Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Psychological Association (APA) Help Center offers useful facts, information, and advice on how psychological services can help people cope with problems such as stress, depression, family strife, or chronic illness. The site provides sections devoted to psychology in the workplace, the health implications of the mind/ body connection, family and personal relationships, and psychology in daily life. In addition, users may order a free print brochure, "How to Find Help for Life's Problems," learn how and when to choose a psychologist, and obtain a referral to a psychologist in their area. A detailed site map and an easy-to-use keyword search facility aid navigation of these helpful pages.

1999-01-01

433

Quantum Experimental Data in Psychology and Economics  

E-print Network

We prove a theorem which shows that a collection of experimental data of probabilistic weights related to decisions with respect to situations and their disjunction cannot be modeled within a classical probabilistic weight structure in case the experimental data contain the effect referred to as the 'disjunction effect' in psychology. We identify different experimental situations in psychology, more specifically in concept theory and in decision theory, and in economics (namely situations where Savage's Sure-Thing Principle is violated) where the disjunction effect appears and we point out the common nature of the effect. We analyze how our theorem constitutes a no-go theorem for classical probabilistic weight structures for common experimental data when the disjunction effect is affecting the values of these data. We put forward a simple geometric criterion that reveals the non classicality of the considered probabilistic weights and we illustrate our geometrical criterion by means of experimentally measured membership weights of items with respect to pairs of concepts and their disjunctions. The violation of the classical probabilistic weight structure is very analogous to the violation of the well-known Bell inequalities studied in quantum mechanics. The no-go theorem we prove in the present article with respect to the collection of experimental data we consider has a status analogous to the well known no-go theorems for hidden variable theories in quantum mechanics with respect to experimental data obtained in quantum laboratories. For this reason our analysis puts forward a strong argument in favor of the validity of using a quantum formalism for modeling the considered psychological experimental data as considered in this paper.

Diederik Aerts; Bart D'Hooghe; Emmanuel Haven

2010-04-15

434

Racial Healthcare Disparities: A Social Psychological Analysis  

PubMed Central

Around the world, members of racial/ethnic minority groups typically experience poorer health than members of racial/ethnic majority groups. The core premise of this article is that thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to race and ethnicity play a critical role in healthcare disparities. Social psychological theories of the origins and consequences of these thoughts, feelings, and behaviors offer critical insights into the processes responsible for these disparities and suggest interventions to address them. We present a multilevel model that explains how societal, intrapersonal, and interpersonal factors can influence ethnic/racial health disparities. We focus our literature review, including our own research, and conceptual analysis at the intrapersonal (the race-related thoughts and feelings of minority patients and non-minority physicians) and interpersonal levels (intergroup processes that affect medical interactions between minority patients and non-minority physicians). At both levels of analysis, we use theories of social categorization, social identity, contemporary forms of racial bias, stereotype activation, stigma, and other social psychological processes to identify and understand potential causes and processes of health and healthcare disparities. In the final section, we identify theory-based interventions that might reduce ethnic/racial disparities in health and healthcare. PMID:25197206

Penner, Louis A.; Hagiwara, Nao; Eggly, Susan; Gaertner, Samuel L.; Albrecht, Terrance L.; Dovidio, John F.

2014-01-01

435

[Psychological containment at home].  

PubMed

The mobile care and rehabilitation team offers patients who have been receiving long-term, in-patient care, when they are stabilised, a discharge programme underpinned by considerable support from a nursing team. Through apartments owned by associations and the CATTP (part-time therapy centre), the team will guide the patient along their sometimes precarious pathway. This well thought-out and shared support, takes on the function of psychological containment for the patient, helping to ensure a successful reintegration. PMID:25562916

Garcia, Marilyne; Velay, Anne-Sophie

2014-01-01

436

Chapman, L. J., & Chapman, J. P. (1967). Genesis of popular but erroneous diagnostic observations. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 72, 193-204.  

E-print Network

. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 72, 193-204. Dietterich, T. (1989). Limitations on inductive learning-128. Lien, Y., & Cheng, P. (1989). A framework for psychological induction: Integrating the power law). The role of theories in conceptual coherence. Psychology Review, 92, 289-316. Nakamura, G. (1985

Pazzani, Michael J.

437

Computational explorations of perceptual symbol systems theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is twofold. First, we provide a methodological pathway from theories of situated, embodied cognition to simulations with an eye to empirical evidence, and suggest a possible cross-fertilization between cognitive robotics and psychology. Psychological theories, in particular those formulated at an abstract level, include models which are often severely underspecified at the level of mechanisms. This

Giovanni Pezzulo; Gianguglielmo Calvi

2011-01-01

438

The Clinician's "World of Action" as an Approach to Teaching Abnormal Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a description of an undergraduate abnormal psychology course developed from a theory of instruction and active student participation, the theoretical basis for the course, student course evaluation, and an interpretation of the students' performances. (Author/CK)

Bibace, Roger; And Others

1979-01-01

439

Psychological Distress and Mortality: Are Women More Vulnerable?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does psychological distress increase mortality risk? If it does, are women more vulnerable than men to the effect of distress on mortality? Drawing from cumulative disadvantage theory, these questions are addressed with data from a 20-year follow-up of a national sample of adults ages 25-74. Event history analyses were performed to examine…

Ferraro, Kenneth F.; Nuriddin, Tariqah A.

2006-01-01

440

The Development and Resulting Performance Impact of Positive Psychological Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recently, theory and research have supported psychological capital (PsyCap) as an emerging core construct linked to positive outcomes at the individual and organizational level. However, to date, little attention has been given to PsyCap development through training interventions; nor have there been attempts to determine empirically if such…

Luthans, Fred; Avey, James B.; Avolio, Bruce J.; Peterson, Suzanne J.

2010-01-01

441

Sustainability in Higher Education: Psychological Research for Effective Pedagogy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Psychological theory and research can make key contributions to sustainability scholarship and practice, as is demonstrated here in the field of higher education pedagogy. College students undergo profound changes in epistemological assumptions and in identity during their undergraduate years. Data on the Measure of Intellectual Development for…

Myers, Olin Eugene, Jr.; Beringer, Almut

2010-01-01

442

Towards Integration of Biological, Psychological and Social Aspects in  

E-print Network

/artificial life, cognitive science, and computational social science/organization theory. The methods developed, as in [7]. In recent years much progress has been made in bi- ological, cognitive and social complexTowards Integration of Biological, Psychological and Social Aspects in Agent-Based Simulation

Bosse, Tibor

443

HOW PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE INFORMS THE TEACHING OF READING  

Microsoft Academic Search

This monograph discusses research, theory, and prac- tice relevant to how children learn to read English. After an initial overview of writing systems, the discussion summarizes research from developmental psychology on children's lan- guage competency when they enter school and on the nature of early reading development. Subsequent sections review theo- ries of learning to read, the characteristics of children

Keith Rayner; Barbara R. Foorman; Charles A. Perfetti; David Pesetsky; Mark S. Seidenberg

2001-01-01

444

The Development of a Psychological Aesthetic: Jay Hambidge & Charles Henry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews several movements in late 19th and early 20th century art and psychological research that are related to the early Greek method of proportional analysis generally known as the Golden Section. The document discusses the work of the artist Jay Hambidge on the nature of Greek art and design and his theory of dynamic symmetry.…

McWhinnie, Harold J.

445

Journal of Experimental Psychology: General Predicting Affective Choice  

E-print Network

, these theories adhered to earlier cognitive perspectives and gener- ally continued to ignore the role of affect Psychology: General. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0029900 #12;BRIEF REPORT Predicting Affective a model that predicted approach­avoidance motivations. This model quantified the role of two basic

Gross, James J.

446

Alternative Ways of Measuring Counselees' Jungian Psychological-Type Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instruments measuring Carl Jung's (1921/1971) theory of psychological types have been widely used in various counseling contexts, including career counseling, marital and family therapy, and team building. The most popular measure of types, the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), was developed by Katherine C. Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs…

Vacha-Haase, Tammi; Thompson, Bruce

2002-01-01

447

Jung's Psychology and Deleuze's Philosophy: The Unconscious in Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the unconscious dimension as articulated in Carl Jung's depth psychology and in Gilles Deleuze's philosophy. Jung's theory of the archetypes and Deleuze's pedagogy of the concept are two complementary resources that posit individuation as the goal of human development and self-education in practice. The paper asserts that…

Semetsky, Inna; Delpech-Ramey, Joshua A.

2012-01-01

448

Work Separation Demands and Spouse Psychological Well-Being  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using family resilience and ecological theories, we examine the relationship between partner work-required travel separations and spouse psychological well-being. The study examines the role of work-organization-provided supports for families and of informal support networks, including marital satisfaction, as factors that can reduce the risks for…

Orthner, Dennis K.; Rose, Roderick

2009-01-01

449

Researching Academic Identity: Using Discursive Psychology as an Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current thinking on academic identities is heavily influenced by developments in other disciplines, notably sociology. This accords with Haggis's (2007) challenge for educational researchers to engage with current theory and methods from across the social sciences. However, the traditional sister discipline to education, psychology, seems…

McLean, Neil

2012-01-01

450

The theoretical foundations of Wundt's folk-psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

A critique of Wundt's folk psychology. A detailed discussion of the general concepts has been provided. The basic principles of creative synthesis and heterogeny of ends as well as the nature of psychical causality have been described. The theory has been critiqued on several points. It is pointed out that Wundt does not explain how there can be an immediate

Herman K. Haeberlin

1916-01-01

451

Psychological Approaches to Learner Centered Curriculum in Kerala  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The major curricular innovations that have taken place in Kerala secondary education system in recent years is so revolutionary. This paper examines the basic psychological theories of the learner centered curriculum of school education in the state of Kerala. Initially the curriculum was based on the principles of behaviorism. The curriculum then…

Nath, Baiju K.; Sajitha, P. S.

2010-01-01

452

Using Astrology to Teach Research Methods to Introductory Psychology Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides a classroom demonstration designed to test an astrological hypothesis and help teach introductory psychology students about research design and data interpretation. Illustrates differences between science and nonscience, the role of theory in developing and testing hypotheses, making comparisons among groups, probability and statistical…

Ward, Roger A.; Grasha, Anthony F.

1986-01-01

453

Self-Objectification and Its Psychological Outcomes for College Women  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objectification of women by our society can become internalized by women, resulting in negative psychological outcomes. Using Fredrickson and Roberts' (1997) objectification theory, we tested a model of the relationships between self-objectification and disordered eating and depressive symptoms in a sample of undergraduate women (n = 384). One…

Muehlenkamp, Jennifer J.; Saris-Baglama, Renee N.

2002-01-01

454

A1.2 The biological and psychological background  

Microsoft Academic Search

A brief look at how biology and psychology motivate the definitions of artificial neurons presented in other sections of this handbook. A1.2.1 Biological motivation and neural diversity In biology, there are radically different types of neurons in the human brain, and further variations in neuron types of other species. In brain theory, the complexities of real neurons are abstracted in

Michael A Arbib

1997-01-01

455

Developmental Psychology and Public Policy: Progress and Prospects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines a framework for developmentally oriented policy research. Drawing from U. Bronfenbrenner's (1995) dynamic developmental systems theory, the authors suggest ways in which the key tenets of process, persons, context, and time can inform policy research in developmental psychology and can be used to support a causal…

Foster, E. Michael; Kalil, Ariel

2005-01-01

456

Self-Report Measure of Psychological Abuse of Older Adults  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study tested key psychometric properties of the Older Adult Psychological Abuse Measure (OAPAM), one self-report scale of the Older Adult Mistreatment Assessment (OAMA). Design and Methods: Items and theory were developed in a prior concept mapping study. Subsequently, the measures were administered to 226 substantiated clients by 22…

Conrad, Kendon J.; Iris, Madelyn; Ridings, John W.; Langley, Kate; Anetzberger, Georgia J.

2011-01-01

457

Traveling Psychology Fair: Learner-Centered Outreach Activities to Stimulate Interest in Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Traveling Psychology Fair is designed to bridge the gap between secondary and college psychology education, encourage enthusiasm for the study of psychology, enhance teaching resources for high school psychology instructors, and promote a deeper understanding of psychological principles for psychology majors. Consisting of 24 outreach…

Johnson, Andrew T.; Mandernach, B. Jean

2006-01-01

458

Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology  

E-print Network

Rev. 2/13 Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology 1. ______ Psychology 100 ­ Introductory Psychology · Psychology 100 is a prerequisite for all other psychology courses numbered 200 and above. · A grade of C or better in Psych 100 is a required

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

459

Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology  

E-print Network

Rev. 1/12 Psychology Major Checklist Required courses for completion of a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology 1. ______ Psychology 100 ­ Introductory Psychology · Psychology 100 is a prerequisite for all other psychology courses numbered 200 and above. · A grade of C or better in Psych 100 is a required

Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

460

MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011/12 1 MSc/Dip Psychology of Language  

E-print Network

MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011/12 1 MSc/Dip Psychology of Language PROGRAMME HANDBOOK 20112012 Psychology School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences University of Edinburgh #12;MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011/12 2 MSc/Dip Psychology of Language 2011

Edinburgh, University of

461

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Spring 2014, CRN: 37662  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Spring 2014, CRN: 37662 Lecture: TR 12:00pm-1. COURSE OVERVIEW Welcome to Statistical Methods! This course will introduce you to descriptive of statistical methods that can be difficult for some. Once you understand the concepts, you will probably have

Lockery, Shawn

462

PSYCHOLOGY 302 STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Winter 2014  

E-print Network

PSYCHOLOGY 302 ­ STATISTICAL METHODS IN PSYCHOLOGY Winter 2014 Lecture: TR 10:00am-11:20 am Jaqua should bring it to class. COURSE OVERVIEW Welcome to Statistical Methods! This course will introduce you; it is the conceptual understanding of statistical methods that can be difficult for some. Once you understand

Lockery, Shawn

463

Third Force Psychology and Child Psychology: A Convergence of Horizons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though some authors have argued that the goals of third force psychology are intrinsically harmonious with those of child psychology, humanistic or human science perspectives are rarely represented in child developmental texts, courses, and programs. This is particularly notable at the undergraduate level. A major reason for the relative underrepresentation of third force perspectives in the area of child development

Eugene M. DeRobertis

2012-01-01

464

Theory, Theory  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson includes a theory-evaluation activity. A set of five scenarios (theories for how diverse life came into existence on Earth) is divided evenly throughout the class, so each student is asked to evaluate one theory. Students then come together in groups of five, so that all theories are represented in each group, where they are compared and evaluated. Each group reports to the entire class for further discussion and clarifications.

Kimmel, Michael

465

Using Social Psychology to Motivate Contributions to Online Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under-contribution is a problem for many online communities. Social psychology theories of social loafing and goal-setting can lead to mid-level design goals to address this problem. We tested design principles derived from these theories in four field experiments involving members of an online movie recommender community. In each of the experiments participated were given different explanations for the value of

Kimberly Ling; Gerard Beenen; Pamela Ludford; Xiaoqing Wang; Klarissa Chang; Xin Li; Dan Cosley; Dan Frankowski; Loren Terveen; Al Mamunur Rashid; Paul Resnick; Robert Kraut

2005-01-01

466

Why Else Does Jenny Run? Young Children's Extended Psychological Explanations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method for eliciting extended explanations was used to evaluate predictions from the “theory-theory” account of developing psychological reasoning. Children were repeatedly asked to explain the actions or emotions of story characters with false beliefs. Questioning elicited false belief attributions in half of 3-year-olds (Study 1, N = 16, age M = 3;6) and most 4-year-olds who failed belief prediction

Karen Bartsch; Michelle D. Campbell; Georgene L. Troseth

2007-01-01

467

Waves of Feminist Psychology in the United States: Politics and Perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter discusses the history and context of the rise of three waves of feminist activity in the United States and situates\\u000a the development of feminist psychology within them. Forms of feminism (e.g., liberal, radical, socialist, cultural, womanist)\\u000a and feminist theories (e.g., postmodern, standpoint, empiricism) are described, and their connection to psychological research\\u000a and theory is examined. The formation and

Joan C. Chrisler; Maureen C. McHugh

468

Feminism and Evolutionary Psychology: Allies, Adversaries, or Both? An Introduction to a Special Issue  

Microsoft Academic Search

This special issue on feminism and evolutionary psychology addresses current theory and research from feminist and evolutionary\\u000a psychologists, focusing on gender differences in mate selection as conceptualized by Sexual Strategies Theory. This introduction\\u000a begins with feminist critiques of evolutionary psychology as well as attempts by Darwinian feminists to integrate the two.\\u000a It then reviews the papers, which generally fit into

Christine A. Smith; Julie Konik

2011-01-01

469

The psychology of humanness.  

PubMed

This chapter explores the ways in which the concept of "humanness" illuminates a wide and fascinating variety of psychological phenomena. After introducing the concept--everyday understandings of what it is to be human--we present a model of the diverse ways in which humanness can be denied to people. According to this model people may be perceived as lacking uniquely human characteristics, and thus likened to animals, or as lacking human nature, and thus likened to inanimate objects. Both of these forms of dehumanization occur with varying degrees of subtlety, from the explicit uses of derogatory animal metaphors, to stereotypes that ascribe lesser humanness or simpler minds to particular groups, to nonconscious associations between certain humans and nonhumans. After reviewing research on dehumanization through the lens of our model we examine additional topics that the psychology of humanness clarifies, notably the perception of nonhuman animals and the objectification of women. Humanness emerges as a concept that runs an integrating thread through a variety of research literatures. PMID:23947277

Haslam, Nick; Loughnan, Steve; Holland, Elise

2013-01-01

470

Master of Science in Applied Educational Psychology  

E-print Network

Master of Science in Applied Educational Psychology Distance Education Program A 36-credit hour distance education Selected Courses in Applied Educational Psychology Courses offered via distance education for the Applied Educational Psychology program are taught by faculty with esteemed national

Tennessee, University of

471

History of experimental psychology from an Estonian perspective.  

PubMed

A short review of the development of experimental psychology from an Estonian perspective is presented. The first rector after the reopening of the University of Dorpat (Tartu) in 1802, Georg Friedrich Parrot (1767-1852) was interested in optical phenomena which he attempted to explain by introducing the concept of unconscious inferences, anticipating a similar theory proposed by Herman von Helmholtz 20 years later. One of the next rectors, Alfred Wilhelm Volkmann (1800-1878) was regarded by Edwin Boring as one of the founding fathers of the experimental psychology. Georg Wilhelm Struve (1793-1864) played an essential part in solving the problem of personal equations. Arthur Joachim von Oettingen (1836-1920) developed a theory of music harmony, which stimulated his student Wilhelm Friedrich Ostwald (1853-1932) to study colour harmony. Emil Kraepelin (1856-1926), the founder of modern psychiatry, is by far the most important experimental psychologist who has worked in Estonia. His successor Wladimir von Tchisch (1855-1922), another student of Wilhelm Wundt, continued Kraepelin's work in experimental psychology. The lives of Wolfgang Köhler (1887-1967), who was born in Reval (Tallinn), and Oswald Külpe (1862-1915), who graduated from the University of Dorpat, extended the link between the history of experimental psychology and Estonia. Karl Gustav Girgensohn (1875-1925), the founder of the Dorpat School of the psychology of religion, stretched the use of experimental methods to the study of religious experience. PMID:16639614

Allik, Jüri

2007-11-01

472

Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the past 50 years forensic psychological practice has expanded dramatically. Because the practice of forensic psychology differs in important ways from more traditional practice areas (Monahan, 1980) the "Specialty Guidelines for Forensic Psychologists" were developed and published in 1991 (Committee on Ethical Guidelines for Forensic…

American Psychologist, 2013

2013-01-01

473

Division 6, American Psychological Association  

E-print Network

Division 6, American Psychological Association Editor David J. Bucci, PhD Dartmouth College Neuroscientist and Comparative Psychologist Inside this issue: Message from the President 1, 5-6 Division 6 Officers 2-4 Historical Trends in American Compara- tive Psychology 7-10 Div 6 & 3 programs for 2012 APA

Cooper, Brenton G.

474

The Psychological Impact of Names  

Microsoft Academic Search

Psychological effects of having an unusual first name were studied in three groups of undergraduates by means of scores on the California Psychological Inventory (CPI). In the first study, scores of 116 men and women with unusual names were found to be no lower than those of common-named counterparts; in fact, unusually named women scored significantly higher on a number

Richard L. Zweigenhaft; Karen N. Hayes; C. Hess Haagen

1980-01-01

475

Objective techniques for psychological assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A literature review and a pilot study are used to develop psychological assessment techniques for determining objectively the major aspects of the psychological state of an astronaut. Relationships between various performance and psychophysiological variables and between those aspects of attention necessary to engage successfully in various functions are considered in developing a paradigm to be used for collecting data in manned isolation chamber experiments.

Wortz, E.; Hendrickson, W.; Ross, T.

1973-01-01

476

Robots in Space -Psychological Aspects  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A viewgraph presentation on the psychological aspects of developing robots to perform routine operations associated with monitoring, inspection, maintenance and repair in space is shown. The topics include: 1) Purpose; 2) Vision; 3) Current Robots in Space; 4) Ground Based Robots; 5) AERCam; 6) Rotating Bladder Robot (ROBLR); 7) DART; 8) Robonaut; 9) Full Immersion Telepresence Testbed; 10) ERA; and 11) Psychological Aspects

Sipes, Walter E.

2006-01-01

477

Students' reactions to abnormal psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of some concern about the effect of courses in abnormal psychology on students, a questionnaire was presented to several classes at the close of the course. The majority answering the questionnaire felt the course to be beneficial, giving evidence that the study of abnormal psychology need not be generally harmful, and may have a significant place in

W. S. Taylor

1932-01-01

478

Department of Psychology Undergraduate Studies  

E-print Network

Department of Psychology Undergraduate Studies #12;Royal Holloway University of London Royal runs over 100 societies and sports clubs, and we are recognised as London's best sporting college. #12 Administrator T: +44 (0)1784 443526 psy-enquiries@rhul.ac.uk Department of Psychology Royal Holloway, University

Royal Holloway, University of London

479

School of Psychology Undergraduate Programmes  

E-print Network

Title Page Year 1 Module Overview 2 Selecting Modules 3 Research Methods A: Basic Skills 4 Perception to Learning 10 Research Methods B: Introduction To Psychological Investigations And Statistics 12 Memory and Psychological Problems 18 #12;2 Year 1 Module Overview Semester 1 03 08633 Research Methods A (20 credits) 03

Miall, Chris

480

Psychology Practice: Design for Tomorrow  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article offers a blueprint for modernizing the delivery of high-quality behavioral health care and for improving access to care by a public sorely in need of psychological services. The blueprint brings together disparate elements of psychology practice into a more unified structure, an updated house, based upon advances in the essential…

Goodheart, Carol D.

2011-01-01

481

Principles of evolutionary educational psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary educational psychology is the study of the relation between evolved systems of folk knowledge and inferential and attributional biases as these relate to academic learning in modern society. Following discussion and illustration of the mechanisms of natural selection and their application to human motivational, cognitive, and behavioral evolution, the basic premises and prin- ciples of evolutionary educational psychology are

David C. Geary

2002-01-01

482

Enrico Morselli's Psychology and "Spiritism": Psychiatry, psychology and psychical research in Italy in the decades around 1900.  

PubMed

This paper traces Enrico Morselli's intellectual trajectory from the 1870s to the early 1900s. His interest in phenomena of physical mediumship is considered against the backdrop of the theoretical developments in Italian psychiatry and psychology. A leading positivist psychiatrist and a prolific academic, Morselli was actively involved in the making of Italian experimental psychology. Initially sceptical of psychical research and opposed to its association with the 'new psychology', Morselli subsequently conducted a study of the physical phenomena produced by the medium Eusapia Palladino. He concluded that her phenomena were genuine and represented them as the effects of an unknown bio-psychic force present in all human beings. By contextualizing Morselli's study of physical mediumship within contemporary theoretical and disciplinary discourse, this study elaborates shifts in the interpretations of 'supernormal' phenomena put forward by leading Italian psychiatrists and physiologists. It demonstrates that Morselli's interest in psychical research stems from his efforts to comprehend the determinants of complex psychological phenomena at a time when the dynamic theory of matter in physics, and the emergence of neo-vitalist theories influenced the theoretical debates in psychiatry, psychology and physiology. PMID:25218119

Brancaccio, Maria Teresa

2014-12-01

483

Psychological aspects of donor insemination.  

PubMed

This survey of the psychological literature on Artificial Insemination by Donor (AID) pays particular attention to the secrecy. Studies of couples beforehand do not arrive at criteria for choosing psychologically suitable couples. Follow-up questionnaires are superficial and cannot inform us which couples and what percentage of couples encounter psychological difficulties. Case reports of couples who encountered difficulties are too few to permit generalization and cannot specify AID's role in generating symptoms. A second look at the data suggests that, although overlooked, the secrecy surrounding AID may create psychological difficulties, a view supported by the findings at our clinic. A plea is made with specific recommendations to create an ambience in which openness is possible, and which will allow in-depth research of the psychological aspects of AID. PMID:7095981

Berger, D M

1982-01-01

484

Counseling Health Psychology: Assessing Health Psychology Training within Counseling Psychology Doctoral Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Training directors of American Psychological Association-approved counseling psychology doctoral programs completed a questionnaire assessing (a) student and faculty involvement in health-related research, practice, and teaching; (b) health-related research conducted by students and faculty; and (c) programs' expectations and ability to…

Raque-Bogdan, Trisha L.; Torrey, Carrie L.; Lewis, Brian L.; Borges, Nicole J.

2013-01-01

485

The Concept of the Moral Domain in Moral Foundations Theory and Cognitive Developmental Theory: Horses for Courses?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Moral foundations theory chastises cognitive developmental theory for having foisted on moral psychology a restrictive conception of the moral domain which involves arbitrarily elevating the values of justice and caring. The account of this negative influence on moral psychology, referred to in the moral foundations theory literature as the…

Maxwell, Bruce; Beaulac, Guillaume

2013-01-01

486

213Neuroscience/Philosophy Psychology 250--Research Design and Analysis  

E-print Network

213Neuroscience/Philosophy Psychology 250--Research Design and Analysis Psychology 252--Sensation and Memory Psychology 255--Cognitive Neuroscience Psychology 257--Psychobiology of Development Psychology 258--Neural Mechanisms of Sensory and Motor Function Neuroscience 120 (3)--Introduction to Neuroscience

Dresden, Gregory

487

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, SANTA CRUZ DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY On-Going Lecturer Pool The Psychology of qualified temporary lecturers in Psychology. Outstanding candidates with experience to teach in any specialty within psychology (including introductory psychology, statistics, research methods, social

California at Santa Cruz, University of

488

Evolution of a Learning Theory: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What follows is the presentation given after receiving the E. L. Thorndike Career Achievement in Educational Psychology from Division 15 of the American Psychological Association. This presentation calls for greater respect for and attention to scientific speculation in educational psychology as a critical component in theory development and model…

Alexander, Patricia A.

2006-01-01

489

Women's Studies/ Psychology 732 Office hours: Th 11-11:45 & appt Psychology of Women Office: 410 Psychology  

E-print Network

1 Women's Studies/ Psychology 732 Office hours: Th 11-11:45 & appt Psychology of Women Office: 410 Psychology Fall, 2012 Phone: 262-9522 Dr. Janet Hyde Jshyde@wisc.edu SYLLABUS Textbooks Enns, C. Z. (2004. (2013). Half the human experience: The psychology of women. 8th ed., Cengage. Both are available

Sheridan, Jennifer

490

Is Evolutionary Psychology a Metatheory for Psychology? A Discussion of Four Major Issues in Psychology From an Evolutionary Developmental Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evolutionary psychology has been proposed as a metatheoretical framework for psychology. We argue that evolutionary psychology should be expanded if it is to offer new insights regarding the major issues in psychology. Evolutionary developmental biology can provide valuable new insights into issues such as the domain-specificity of the human mind, the nature–nurture debate, stages in development, and the origin of

Annemie Ploeger; Maartje E. J. Raijmakers

2008-01-01

491

Applying quantum principles to psychology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article starts out with a detailed example illustrating the utility of applying quantum probability to psychology. Then it describes several alternative mathematical methods for mapping fundamental quantum concepts (such as state preparation, measurement, state evolution) to fundamental psychological concepts (such as stimulus, response, information processing). For state preparation, we consider both pure states and densities with mixtures. For measurement, we consider projective measurements and positive operator valued measurements. The advantages and disadvantages of each method with respect to applications in psychology are discussed.

Busemeyer, Jerome R.; Wang, Zheng; Khrennikov, Andrei; Basieva, Irina

2014-12-01

492

Applying Quantum Principles to Psychology  

E-print Network

This article starts out with a detailed example illustrating the utility of applying quantum probability to psychology. Then it describes several alternative mathematical methods for mapping fundamental quantum concepts (such as state preparation, measurement, state evolution) to fundamental psychological concepts (such as stimulus, response, information processing). For state preparation, we consider both pure states and densities with mixtures. For measurement, we consider projective measurements and positive operator valued measurements. The advantages and disadvantages of each method with respect to applications in psychology are discussed.

Jerome R Busemeyer; Zheng Wang; Andrei Khrennikov; Irina Basieva

2014-05-25

493

The University of Winnipeg Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

The University of Winnipeg Department of Psychology The Department of Psychology at the University development. The Ph.D. degree in Psychology is required. Applicants must be committed to teaching and have Bradbury, Chair, Department of Psychology, University of Winnipeg, 515 Portage Avenue, Winnipeg, Manitoba

Martin, Jeff

494

Psychology on Exchange InternationalExchangeProgram  

E-print Network

Psychology on Exchange InternationalExchangeProgram Psychology majors are welcome to apply Honours, you need to take into account the advice from the Department of Psychology (http://sydney.edu.au/ current_students/student_exchange/forms_downloads.shtml). Timing To meet Australian Psychology

Viglas, Anastasios

495

Keith Rayner Atkinson Professor of Psychology  

E-print Network

VITA Keith Rayner Atkinson Professor of Psychology University of California, San Diego Email: krayner@ucsd.edu Phone: 858-822-7816 Degrees: B.S.: 1968 M.S.: 1970 Ph.D.: 1974 Psychology Ed Psychology Cognitive Psych Ed Psychology Psycholinguistics University of Utah University of Utah Cornell University

496

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Office Dr. Arnold Le Advisor I Stephanie Wilson ­ Academic Advisor II http://psychology.tamu.edu Program Honors in Psychology The Psychology Honors Program provides individual instruction and advanced work particularly relevant

Bermúdez, José Luis

497

Psychology Old and New Gary Hatfield  

E-print Network

Psychology Old and New Gary Hatfield University of Pennsylvania Psychology as the study of mind States. This established psychology was in part a school discipline, conveyed in textbooks and lectures psychology was also an object of research and speculation by physicians and independent scholars. James Mill

Hatfield, Gary

498

Psychology Department 2012-2013 Honours Advising  

E-print Network

Psychology Department 2012-2013 Honours Advising The University of Winnipeg If you are currently a Psychology Honours student, every registration peri-If you are currently a Psychology Honours student, every registration peri-If you are currently a Psychology Honours student, every registration peri-If you

Martin, Jeff

499

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY  

E-print Network

COLLEGE OF LIBERAL ARTS DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY Undergraduate Advising Office Zuleika Carrasco ­ Senior Academic Advisor II Jennifer Fleming ­ Senior Academic Advisor I http://psychology.tamu.edu Program Honors in Psychology The Psychology Honors Program provides individual instruction and advanced

Bermúdez, José Luis

500

College of Liberal Arts Department of Psychology  

E-print Network

psychology College of Liberal Arts Department of Psychology 907-474-7007 www.uaf.edu/psych/ BA, Bs Degrees Minimum Requirements for Degrees: 120 credits The Department of Psychology offers BA and BS degrees in psychology. The department's focus is to provide breadth and depth in the science

Hartman, Chris