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Pair of lice lost or parasites regained: the evolutionary history of anthropoid primate lice  

PubMed Central

Background The parasitic sucking lice of primates are known to have undergone at least 25 million years of coevolution with their hosts. For example, chimpanzee lice and human head/body lice last shared a common ancestor roughly six million years ago, a divergence that is contemporaneous with their hosts. In an assemblage where lice are often highly host specific, humans host two different genera of lice, one that is shared with chimpanzees and another that is shared with gorillas. In this study, we reconstruct the evolutionary history of primate lice and infer the historical events that explain the current distribution of these lice on their primate hosts. Results Phylogenetic and cophylogenetic analyses suggest that the louse genera Pediculus and Pthirus are each monophyletic, and are sister taxa to one another. The age of the most recent common ancestor of the two Pediculus species studied matches the age predicted by host divergence (ca. 6 million years), whereas the age of the ancestor of Pthirus does not. The two species of Pthirus (Pthirus gorillae and Pthirus pubis) last shared a common ancestor ca. 3–4 million years ago, which is considerably younger than the divergence between their hosts (gorillas and humans, respectively), of approximately 7 million years ago. Conclusion Reconciliation analysis determines that there are two alternative explanations that account for the current distribution of anthropoid primate lice. The more parsimonious of the two solutions suggests that a Pthirus species switched from gorillas to humans. This analysis assumes that the divergence between Pediculus and Pthirus was contemporaneous with the split (i.e., a node of cospeciation) between gorillas and the lineage leading to chimpanzees and humans. Divergence date estimates, however, show that the nodes in the host and parasite trees are not contemporaneous. Rather, the shared coevolutionary history of the anthropoid primates and their lice contains a mixture of evolutionary events including cospeciation, parasite duplication, parasite extinction, and host switching. Based on these data, the coevolutionary history of primates and their lice has been anything but parsimonious. PMID:17343749

Reed, David L; Light, Jessica E; Allen, Julie M; Kirchman, Jeremy J



Pubic Lice (Pediculosis Pubis)  


... Pubis) Information for adults A A A This image displays pubic lice (seen near the center on the right). Overview Pubic lice (pediculosis pubis), also known as crab lice or crabs, is a louse (a type of wingless, bloodsucking insect) that can live and multiply (infest) on skin ...


Diagnosing and treating Phthirus pubis palpebrarum.  


Phthiriasis palpebrarum is an uncommon cause of blepharitis and conjunctivitis and may easily be overlooked. A high index of suspicion and careful examination of the patient's lid margins and eyelashes will lead to the proper diagnosis. Treatment is best accomplished by careful removal of the lice and nits (louse eggs) from the patient's lashes. Local application of a pediculocide such as yellow mercuric oxide N.F. 1% ophthalmic ointment applied twice daily for one week or 0.25% physostigmine (Eserine) ointment applied twice daily for a minimum of ten days, to the lid margins should be considered when the total removal of Phthirus pubis and nits is not possible mechanically. Body hair should be examined for infestation with lice and treated with gamma benzene hexachloride shampoo. This medication should be used with caution in infants, children and pregnant women. Family members, sexual contacts, and close companions should be examined and treated appropriately; clothing, linen and personal items should be disinfected with heat of 50 degrees C for 30 minutes. PMID:6176036

Couch, J M; Green, W R; Hirst, L W; de la Cruz, Z C



Congenital agenesis of pubis and bilateral cryptorchidism: A case report  

PubMed Central

INTRODUCTION Agenesis of the pubic bone, as evidenced in the world literature, is a very rare clinical and congenital abnormality. Several disorders may occur with hypoplasia of the pubis. PRESENTATION OF CASE Here, we report a rare longer follow-up case of the congenital unilateral agenesis of the superior ramus of pubic bone with bilateral undescended testes, osteoporosis, cranial malformations, acetabular dysplasia, unilateral shortening of the lower extremity and an abnormal gait pattern. DISCUSSION Somatic mutations may responsible for developmental abnormalities of the mesoderm from which the pubic bones and urogenital structures develop. CONCLUSION An isolated x-ray finding of ramus pubis agenesis may associate with cryptorchidism or several other urogenital malformations. PMID:25194607

Saglam, Yavuz; Dursun, Murat; Dikmen, Goksel; Goksan, Suleyman Bora



Osteitis pubis: can early return to elite competition be contemplated?  

PubMed Central

Background and purpose In elite athletes, osteitis pubis is a common painful degenerative process of the pubic symphysis and surrounding soft tissues and tendons. We report the diagnostic pathway and the rehabilitation protocol of six elite athletes with osteitis pubis in three different sports, and compare protocol stages and time to return to competition. Methods 6 athletes (2 soccer, 2 basketball, 2 rugby players) were diagnosed with osteitis pubis stage III and IV according to Rodriguez classification using standard clinical and imaging criteria. After performing a baseline lumbo-pelvic assessment, the rehabilitation protocol described by Verrall was adapted to each individual athlete. Results The length of time for each stage of the protocol was as follows; Stage 1 (rest from sport) was 26 +/? 5 days, Stage 2 (to achieve pain free running), 18 +/? 5 days, Stage 3 (squad training) 63 +/? 7, Stage 4 (return to competition) 86 +/? 15. Soccer players took longer to return to competition than basketball and rugby players. No recurrences were reported at 2 year follow-up. Conclusion The protocol presented ensures a safe return to elite athletes. The time from diagnosis to full recovery is longer in football players, and seems to increase with age. PMID:25147768

Jardí, Jaume; Rodas, Gil; Pedret, Carles; Til, Lluis; Cusí, Manuel; Malliaropoulos, Nikolaos; Del Buono, Angelo; Maffulli, Nicola



Symphysis Pubis Osteomyelitis with Bilateral Adductor Muscles Abscess  

PubMed Central

Osteomyelitis of the pubis symphysis is a rare condition. There have been various reports in the literature of inflammation and osteomyelitis as well as septic arthritis of pubic symphysis. However, due to the fact that these conditions are rare and that the usual presenting symptoms are very nonspecific, osteomyelitis of the pubic symphysis is often misdiagnosed, thus delaying definitive treatment. We present a case that to our knowledge is the first case in literature of osteomyelitis of the pubic symphysis in a 17-year-old boy with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), which was initially misdiagnosed and progressed to bilateral adductor abscesses. A high suspicion of such condition should be considered in a JIA patient who presents with symphysis or thigh pain. PMID:25580335

Alqahtani, Saad M.; Gdalevitch, Marie



Laparoscopic Hernia: Umbilical-Pubis Length Versus Technical Difficulty  

PubMed Central

Laparoscopic hernia repair is more difficult than open hernia repair. The totally extraperitoneal procedure with 3 trocars on the midline is more comfortable for the surgeon. We studied the impact of the length between the umbilicus and the pubis on the totally extraperitoneal procedure (95 hernias operated on in 70 patients). This length did not influence the totally extraperitoneal procedure in this study. Background: The laparoscopic repair of hernias is considered to be difficult especially for the totally extra-peritoneal technique (TEP) due to a limited working space and different appreciation of the usual anatomical landmarks seen through an anterior approach. The aim of our study has been to answer a question: does the umbilical-pubic distance, which influences the size of the mesh, affect the TEP technique used in the treatment of inguinal hernias? Methods: From January 2001 to May 2011, the umbilical-pubic (UP) distance was measured with a sterile ruler graduated in centimeters in all patients who underwent a symptomatic inguinal hernia by the TEP technique in two hernia surgery centers. The sex, age, BMI, hernia type, UP distance, operation time, hospital stay and complications were prospectively examined based on the medical records. Results: Seventy patients underwent 95 inguinal hernia repairs by the TEP technique. The umbilical-pubic distance average was 14 cm (10 to 22) and a 25 kg/m2 (16–30) average concerning the body mass index (BMI). Seventy percent of patients were treated on an outpatient basis. The postoperative course was very simple. There was no recurrence of hernia within this early postoperative period. Conclusion: The umbilical-pubic distance had no influence on the production of TEP with 3 trocars on the midline in this study. PMID:25392661

Blanc, Pierre; Kassir, Radwan; Atger, Jérôme



Utility of bone scintigraphy in diagnosis of post- traumatic osteitis pubis  

PubMed Central

Minor musculoskeletal injuries usually heal within few weeks with conservative treatment, but in pelvic injuries, symptoms may persist for long duration and patient need medical attention to get relief from disturbing pain symptoms. We present a case of post-trauma osteitis pubis in a 58-year-old female, who reported with lower abdominal and left side hip joint pain since 2 months, after an episode of trivial trauma to her pelvis. Technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate bone scintigraphy was performed, which confirmed the site of injury in symphysis pubis and left hip joint, by increased radiotracer localization at both of these symptomatic sites. PMID:24163517

Kalawat, Tek Chand; Narayan, Ravishwar; Ravi, Parthasarathi; Lakshmi, Amancharla Yadagiri



The functional role of the ischiopubic membrane for the mechanical loading of the pubis in the domestic fowl (Gallus gallus).  


Soft tissues other than muscles are supposed to be of mechanical importance, yet they are rarely integrated into finite element models. Here, we investigate the functional role of the ischiopubic membrane for the loading of the pubis of the domestic fowl using 2D finite element analysis. For this purpose, a specimen of the domestic fowl was dissected and soft tissues attaching to the pubis were studied in great detail. Muscles were removed and measurements taken. For the 2D finite element model, the outline was taken from the dissected specimen. Two 2D finite element models were generated: one without and one with ischiopubic membrane. The same muscular loading based on own measurements and electromyographic data was applied to both models. The model without ischiopubic membrane shows anteroventral bending deformation of the scapus pubis, resulting in high compressive and tensile principal stresses at the level of ultimate bone stress values. The model with ischiopubic membrane shows low compressive principal stresses in the pubis consistent with the levels of steady state remodelling of bone. Based on these results, the ischiopubic membrane of the domestic fowl potentially establishes a physiological loading of the pubis and therefore might be of great mechanical significance for the loading of the bone. PMID:23171269

Fechner, Regina; Stratmann, Matthias; Gössling, Rainer; Sverdlova, Nina



Isokinetic imbalance of hip muscles in soccer players with osteitis pubis.  


In this study, we compared the isokinetic torques of hip flexors/extensors and abductors/adductors in soccer players suffering from osteitis pubis (OP), with normal soccer players. Twenty soccer male athletes with OP and 20 normal soccer athletes were included in this study. Peak torque/body weight (PT/BW) was recorded from hip flexor/extensor and abductor/adductor muscles during isokinetic concentric contraction modes at angular velocity of 2.1 rad · s(-1), for both groups. The results showed a significant difference between the normal and OP groups for hip flexors (P < 0.05). The normal group had significant, lower PT/BW value than the OP group for their hip flexors (P < 0.05). The hip flexor/extensor PT ratio of OP affected and non-affected limbs was significantly different from that of normal dominant and non-dominant limbs. There were no significant differences between the normal and OP groups for hip extensor, adductor and abductor muscles (P > 0.05). Regarding the hip adductor/abductor PT ratio, there was no significant difference between the normal and OP groups of athletes (P > 0.05). The OP group displayed increase in hip flexor strength that disturbed the hip flexor/extensor torque ratio of OP. Therefore, increasing the hip extensor strength should be part of rehabilitation programmes of patients with OP. PMID:24499182

Mohammad, Walaa Sayed; Abdelraouf, Osama Ragaa; Elhafez, Salam Mohamed; Abdel-Aziem, Amr Almaz; Nassif, Nagui Sobhi



Pubic Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings in Surgically and Conservatively Treated Athletes With Osteitis Pubis Compared to Asymptomatic Athletes During Heavy Training  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Osteitis pubis is characterized by diffuse pain, inflammation, and bony changes in the pubic symphysis. Bone marrow edema in magnetic resonance imaging is associated with stress injury and osteitis of the pubic bone.Hypothesis: Laparoscopic mesh repair decreases inflammation and pain in the pubic periosteum. The presence of extensive bone marrow edema may correlate with the severity of symptoms and

Hannu Paajanen; Heikki Hermunen; Jari Karonen



Localisations particuličres de l'histiocytose langerhansienne chez l'enfant, scapula et pubis: ŕ propos de deux cas  

PubMed Central

L'histiocytose X ou histiocytose de Langerhans est une maladie de l'enfant et de l'adulte jeune. Dont l'incidence est estimée ŕ 1 cas sur 200 000 par an. C'est une maladie au spectre clinique trčs divers, allant du simple granulome éosinophile ŕ la forme grave multiviscérale avec dysfonctionnement d'organe. Les auteurs rapportent deux observations concernant deux localisations assez rares de cette maladie, au niveau du pubis chez le premier enfant, et au niveau de la scapula chez le deuxičme. Chez nos deux malades la localisation était focale, et l’évolution était favorable. A travers ces deux observations, nous allons essayer de décrire les différents aspects cliniques et radiologiques et discuter a travers une revue de littérature les démarches diagnostiques et thérapeutiques de cette maladie rare. PMID:25478049

Atarraf, Karima; Chater, Lamiae; Arroud, Mounir; Afifi, My Abderrahman




Microsoft Academic Search

A common approach to a biblical text involves drawing out the lines of the implied dimensions of the text, in particular, the author, historical background, and audience to which the text bears witness. Another dimension of the text is represented by its history of interpretation. The latter may also be described as an extension of the text insofar as it

H. Butterfield; John Higham; Leonard Krieger; Felix Gilbert



Analysis of the Three Most Prevalent Injuries in Australian Football Demonstrates a Season to Season Association Between Groin/Hip/Osteitis Pubis Injuries With ACL Knee Injuries  

PubMed Central

Background: Injuries are common in contact sports like Australian football. The Australian Football League (AFL) has developed an extensive injury surveillance database that can be used for epidemiological studies. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to identify any association between the three most prevalent injuries in the AFL. Patients and Methods: From the AFL injury surveillance data 1997-2012 the injury incidence (new injuries per club per season) and the injury prevalence data (missed games per club per season) were analysed to detect the three most common injuries that would cause a player to miss a match in the AFL. The three most prevalent injuries in the AFL are hamstring strains, groin/hip/osteitis pubis injuries and Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) knee injuries. Following this, further study was undertaken to detect the presence of any statistical relationship between injury incidences of the three most prevalent injuries over this sixteen year study period. Results: Statistical analysis demonstrates for any given year that there was an association between having a groin/hip/osteitis pubis injuriy and having a knee ACL injury (P < 0.05) over the entire sixteen years. In other words if the number of groin/hip/osteitis pubis injuries in any given season were higher than average (alternatively lower) then the number of knee ACL injuries were also higher than average (alternatively lower) for that same season. Hamstring injuries had the highest variance of incidence of the three most prevalent injuries. Conclusions: Analysis of the AFL injury data demonstrates an association between incidence of groin/hip/osteitis pubis injuries and incidence of knee ACL injuries for any given playing season. This finding is difficult to explain with further research being required. PMID:25520768

Verrall, Geoffrey M.; Esterman, Adrian; Hewett, Timothy E.



184 History History (Hist)  

E-print Network

Civilization, 1789 to the Present Prerequisite:Freshmanorsophomorestanding. The French Revolution and Napoleon history's longest lasting monarchical system, ignited two of its largest revolutions, began World War IIandalternateyears History 107 (3)--History of the United states to 1876 The colonial period, the American Revolution

Dresden, Gregory


Evolutionary Relationships of “Candidatus Riesia spp.,” Endosymbiotic Enterobacteriaceae Living within Hematophagous Primate Lice?  

PubMed Central

The primary endosymbiotic bacteria from three species of parasitic primate lice were characterized molecularly. We have confirmed the characterization of the primary endosymbiont (P-endosymbiont) of the human head/body louse Pediculus humanus and provide new characterizations of the P-endosymbionts from Pediculus schaeffi from chimpanzees and Pthirus pubis, the pubic louse of humans. The endosymbionts show an average percent sequence divergence of 11 to 15% from the most closely related known bacterium “Candidatus Arsenophonus insecticola.” We propose that two additional species be added to the genus “Candidatus Riesia.” The new species proposed within “Candidatus Riesia” have sequence divergences of 3.4% and 10 to 12% based on uncorrected pairwise differences. Our Bayesian analysis shows that the branching pattern for the primary endosymbionts was the same as that for their louse hosts, suggesting a long coevolutionary history between primate lice and their primary endosymbionts. We used a calibration of 5.6 million years to date the divergence between endosymbionts from human and chimpanzee lice and estimated an evolutionary rate of nucleotide substitution of 0.67% per million years, which is 15 to 30 times faster than previous estimates calculated for Buchnera, the primary endosymbiont in aphids. Given the evidence for cospeciation with primate lice and the evidence for fast evolutionary rates, this lineage of endosymbiotic bacteria can be evaluated as a fast-evolving marker of both louse and primate evolutionary histories. PMID:17220259

Allen, Julie M.; Reed, David L.; Perotti, M. Alejandra; Braig, Henk R.



Art History 95 Art History  

E-print Network

Art History 95 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA, BFA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American,Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies.The major in art history is struc

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca


Art History 97 Art History  

E-print Network

Art History 97 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American,Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies.The major in art history is struc

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca


Learning History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews "Learning History" (Dickinson, Lee, and Rogers, 1984), a book which focuses on the nature and structure of history and the need to relate this to the psychological make-up of the pupil. Chapters cover such topics as: Why learn history?, the value of teaching history in schools, and how students learn history. (JDH)

Booth, Martin B.



Family History  


... Complications Post Treatment and Outcome GTranslate Understanding : Family History Familial intracranial aneurysms are generally defined as the ... patients with an Intracranial Aneurysm (IA) have a history of smoking at some time in their life. ...


Family History  


... Home CDC 24/7: Saving Lives. Protecting People.™ Genomics All CDC Topics Search The CDC Note: Javascript ... visit this page: About . Public Health Genomics Genomics Family Health History Share Compartir Family History ...


Local History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Local history studied by the professional historian applying new methods gained from social history has provided abundant new evidence which challenges a number of conventional opinions about larger historical phenomena. (Author/MB)

Goubert, Pierre



American Cultural History History 390  

E-print Network

.1 .C684 2008 (and Online) A Dictionary of American History REF E174 .A2 (and Online) Encyclopedia literature, consult the following indexes: Humanities and Social Sciences Index Retrospective (Online of American History REF E174 .E53 2003 Oxford Companion to United States History (Online) Find Primary Sources

Abolmaesumi, Purang


Canadian History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes 22 articles that address Canadian history and the importance of having students honor Canada's past by providing articles relating to the areas of History and Social Studies covering: historical fiction as instructional material; Canadian scientists; agricultural fairs; the Historical Foundation; social science books on Canada; student…

School Libraries in Canada, 2003



Digital History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Utilizing digital and online technologies to teach different disciplines continues to be quite popular, and the Digital History website will be a most welcome find for teachers (and students) of American history. Developed in collaboration with the University of Houston, the Chicago Historical Society, the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston and several other entities the site includes an online American history textbook, an interactive timeline, a multimedia section, and a very rich selection of primary source materials. The multimedia section is a real find, as it contains several well-thought out lectures with titles like "The History of Domestic Violence", "The Cultural Civil War of the 1960s", and "America Today and America Past". Students will also appreciate the writing guide area, as it contains several short essays on how to write in a history class and how to compose a critical book review.



E-print Network

theoretical and analytical perspectives on ethical, political, and social issues relevant to law by exploring from a historical perspective; explores the interaction of law, culture, and politics from of departments within USC Dornsife, including Classics, History, Philosophy, and Political Science. Center

Rohs, Remo


History Extra  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The official website of the BBC History magazine is a great place to learn about British history via a litany of blogs, book reviews, fun quizzes, and more. It also maintains a trove of informative podcasts dating back to 2007 that will be a joy and a delight to anyone with a penchant for history. Recent conversations cover Britain in 1914, depictions of Jesus throughout the ages, and Gandhi's early years. Additionally, users can sign up to receive updates when new podcasts are added to the site.


Climate History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This climate history website of the PALEOMAP project provides information on climates during past geological eras using maps and animations. Also included is a discussion of the methods used to evaluate historical climate conditions.

Christopher R. Scotese


Family History  


Your family history includes health information about you and your close relatives. Families have many factors in common, including their genes, ... as heart disease, stroke, and cancer. Having a family member with a disease raises your risk, but ...


Map History: History of Cartography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Tony Campbell, Map Librarian at the British Library, this site is a gateway to the History of Cartography. Users will find information on a variety of map-related resources, including conferences, fellowships, current research guides, journals, lecture series, map collections, and map interest societies. Additional features include a list of related links and a brief introduction to MapHist, the Cartographic history discussion list.



History Net  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Weider History Group publishes a wide range of military history magazines, including "America's Civil War" and "Civil War Times". They've also been generous enough to create this website, which offers a wide range of articles from their different publications. First-time visitors to the homepage may want to start out by taking a shot at the "Daily Quiz", which offers up a range of questions on everything from steamship battles to military operations in the South Pacific. Next, visitors may wish to click on over to the "Features" area, which includes articles culled from the magazines on Marine POWs, the Battle of New Orleans, as well as noted gunfighter Ben Thompson and his brother Billy. Moving on, visitors can also take part in the online forums where they can ask questions about battle tactics, the history of ground warfare, and the USS Ironsides.


Talking History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Yet another project at the indefatigable History Department at the University at Albany, SUNY (last reviewed in the March 19, 1999 Scout Report), Talking History is a weekly broadcast/ Internet radio program that "focuses on all aspects of history: how we recall it, how we preserve it, how we interpret it, how we transform it into myth, and how we pass it on -- as teachers, researchers, archivists, museum curators, documentary filmmakers, and so on." Aimed at a non-professional audience, the program attempts to bridge the gap between professional historians and the general public. At the site, users can listen to recent and archived programs (back to 1997) in their entirety, in high or low fidelity. Recent programs include "The Religious Roots of American Radicalism," "The Invention of George Washington," "Betty Friedan and the Making of The Feminine Mystique," and "Dangerous Liaisons: Governor Dewey, Lucky Luciano, and Operation Underworld." An excellent site for the armchair historian and academic alike.


Lunar History  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This section of the workshop describes the history of the moon, and offers explanations for the importance of understanding lunar history for engineers and users of lunar simulants. Included are summaries of the initial impact that is currently in favor as explaining the moon's formation, the crust generation, the creation of craters by impactors, the era of the lunar cataclysm, which some believe effected the evolution of life on earth, the nature of lunar impacts, crater morphology, which includes pictures of lunar craters that show the different types of craters, more recent events include effect of micrometeorites, solar wind, radiation and generation of agglutinates. Also included is a glossary of terms.

Edmunson, Jennifer E.



History & Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It's an old saw that those who forget the past are doomed to repeat it, but the History & Policy group takes this maxim very seriously. The group represents a collaboration between the University of Cambridge, The Institute of Historical Research, and The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. The purpose of the group is to "demonstrate the relevance of history to contemporary policymaking" and to increase the influence of historical research over current policy. Currently, their core output happens to be their papers, which are available from their homepage. Visitors can click on the "H&P papers" area to read through the latest papers, and they can also browse around via subject heading. Some of the recent titles include "North Korea and the nuclear threat", "Why history matters-and why medieval history also matters", and "China, globalization and the west: A British debate, 1890-1914". Additionally, visitors can sign up to join their email list and learn more about their network of historians.


Arguing History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The history of science illustrates some exciting--and sometimes controversial--moments. Unfortunately, textbooks tend to focus on results in a scientific discipline and only occasionally showcase an interesting historical vignette, telling the story behind those results. Although required studies may leave teachers little classroom time for…

Clary, Renee; Wandersee, James



Humanistic History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Utilizing the theories of McGregor, Maslow, and Herzberg, presents a model for teaching history which involves students in designing their own course objectives. Includes humanistic approaches, organizational management assumptions, and models with motivational, hygiene, physiological, and safety factors. (DMM)

Marrow, Alvin J.



Smart History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Under the headline "Art. History. Conversation.", Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker started the Smarthistory site in 2005 as a weblog that featured free audio guides. Since that time, the site as grown into a multimedia web-book "designed as a dynamic enhancement (or even substitute) for the traditional and static art history textbook." Visitors to the site will find several hundred artworks (along with videos and podcasts) organized thematically and by time period. Additionally, visitors can also use the drop down menus on the homepage to look for certain styles, artists, and themes that include "Image and Power", "The Artist as Professional", and "Bronze Casting". The videos are a real treat, and they include offerings like "Magritte's treacherous pipe" and "Mies's corporate classicism". Finally, visitors can also learn about making a donation to their group.


Organ History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Developed and maintained by Professor James H. Cook at Birmingham - Southern College, this site is an online tutorial that offers an interesting and interactive perspective of that king of all instruments, the organ. The site is divided into three main sections: The Organ and How it Works, Organ History, and Geographical Tour. In the first section, visitors are taken through a basic description of an organ, which then continues into a discussion of the various parts of an organ, such as the keyboards, consoles, pipes, chests, cases, and chambers. The history section begins with the invention of what is commonly understood to be the first organ, the ktseibios, built by a Greek engineer working in the third century BCE. The final section takes visitors on a chronological tour of the organ and its development throughout a number of countries, including England, France, Germany, Italy, and the United States.

Cook, James H.


Naval History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The world of naval history is quite vast, especially considering that it is linked to the earliest days of warfare and stretches back thousands of years. Designed by Gordon Smith, this particular site details the history of various national navies during the twentieth century, with a particular focus on the World Wars and other military actions. Not surprisingly, visitors to the site will want to take a look at the areas dedicated to the World Wars, as the coverage of the role of various navies is quite good here. In these sections, visitors can learn about the various ships used during each period and also look at the campaigns and battles by year and by month. There is also a rather touching section dedicated to Gordon Smith's father, George Smith, who was lost in the sinking of the HMS Charybdis off the Brittany coast on October 23rd, 1943.


Pennsylvania History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you know someone who is fascinated with the history of Pennsylvania, they will want to explore this site in great detail. Created by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, the site brings together primary documents, photographs, and a timeline of Keystone State history. The sections here include People, Places, Events, and Things. Users with a penchant for material culture will love the Things area, as it features topical sections covering Canals, Archaeology, Railroads, and Roads. The Places area provides meditations and narrative essays on the Governor's Residence and the long-gone French Asylum on the Susquehanna River, which was actually more of a utopian outpost of sorts. Also, the People area profiles well- and lesser-known individuals who left their mark on the state, including William Penn, Ida Tarbell, and noted military man, Henry Bouquet.


History uncovered  

E-print Network

). As Stamatoplos (2009) pointed out, many undergraduates also engage in independent projects that require them to use different methods of information searching, and this is not always reflected in information literacy programs. The History Uncovered project... (Krause, 2010; Malkmus, 2008; Stamatoplos, 2009) focus on the library’s role in enhancing the undergraduate experience through primary sources and mentored undergraduate research. It is worth noting that library studies on undergraduate users...

Keim, Carolyn


River history.  


During the last half century, advances in geomorphology-abetted by conceptual and technical developments in geophysics, geochemistry, remote sensing, geodesy, computing and ecology-have enhanced the potential value of fluvial history for reconstructing erosional and depositional sequences on the Earth and on Mars and for evaluating climatic and tectonic changes, the impact of fluvial processes on human settlement and health, and the problems faced in managing unstable fluvial systems. PMID:22474674

Vita-Finzi, Claudio



Uncovering History for Future History Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The art of history teaching is at a crossroads. Recent scholarship focuses on the need to change the teaching of history so students can better learn history, and insists that history teachers must move beyond traditional structures and methods of teaching in order to improve their students' abilities to think with history. This article presents…

Fischer, Fritz



Department of History Teaching Major in History  

E-print Network

Department of History Teaching Major in History Students interested in earning a teaching major in history must complete the requirements for a BA in history, to include the following courses: 4 credits HSTR 101 or 102 European Civilization ________ 4 credits HSTA 101 or 102 American History ________ 1

Vonessen, Nikolaus


Geologic History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This unit introduces younger students to the concept of relative versus absolute time and how geologists determine the age of geologic events and features. Topics include the laws that determine relative age (superposition, cross-cutting relationships, included fragments, and others), and how to re-construct the geologic history of an area using these relationships. There is also information on geologic correlation and the use of index fossils to determine relative age. The section on absolute time discusses some ways of measurement (tree rings, radioactive dating) and introduces the concepts of natural selection and mass extinctions. A vocabulary and downloadable, printable student worksheets are provided.

Medina, Philip



History Fun  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Games and other fun information about history. The Battle of the Atlantic Game Defeat the U-boats and guide your convoy to safety The Battle of Hastings Game Discover the tactics and try putting them into practice Gladiator: Dressed to Kill Prepare a gladiator for battle in the arena of death Viking Quest Build a ship, loot a monastery and claim your prize Pyramid Challenge Complete the construction of the pharaoh\\'s tomb Mummy Maker Prepare the body of Ramose, officer to the king, for ...

Thatcher, Ms.



Volcanic Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

To prepare for this in-class problem, students should have read about volcanism in their introductory text. Specifically they will need to know the types of volcanoes, the characteristics of volcanic products, such as lava flows of different silica compositions, tephra, lahars, and pyroclastic flows. Students should be able to connect the types of activity of a volcano to its type, such as composite volcanoes having abundant tephra, with some lava flows, while a shield volcano may have less tephra and more low viscosity lava flows. This activity is similar to the process used by geoscientists to evaluate the history and hazards of a volcano.

Filson, Robert H.



E-print Network

HISTORY OF CONSCIOUSNESS HANDBOOK 2012-2013 #12; 1 to Degree 12 M.A. Degree in History of Consciousness 12 #12; 2 HISTORY OF CONSCIOUSNESS HANDBOOK Welcome to graduate study in the History of Consciousness

California at Santa Cruz, University of


Mapping History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Queen's tantrums? Children's puzzles? Those might not be the first things to come to mind when thinking about maps, but when one is considering the British LibraryâÂÂs online Mapping History exhibit, both those curious subjects and others are definitely present. Given that the Library has thousands of maps spanning the known world, this collection helps remind users "there is often more to a map than meets the eye." The collection is divided into four areas, including "Worlds at war" and "Wealth and poverty". Each section contains four to seven maps along with a brief essay that explains the importance of each document. Perhaps the most delightful section is titled "Deception, lies, and made-up lands". Here visitors can wander across a Chinese map of the world from 1644 and a map of Wellington in New Zealand from 1840 that gives the city an orderly appearance that bore only a partial resemblance to actual conditions on the ground.



Harlem History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Beyond a shadow of a doubt, Harlem is perhaps the most famous African-American neighborhood in the United States (though over history it has been host to a number of ethnic groups), and hundreds of its residents have gone on to major positions of prominence in politics, the arts, and a host of other areas. This multimedia website, designed by the Columbia University Digital Knowledge Ventures group (in conjunction with The Institute for Research in African-American Studies) brings together a number of archival highlights and scholarship from a number of sources at Columbia University. The thematic areas on the site include "Arts and Culture", "The Neighborhood" and "Politics". Visitors can delve into each of these areas and read essays on the architecture and growth of Harlem, its former Jewish identity, and the recollections of the famed labor leader A. Philip Randolph. Finally, the site also contains a number of photo essays of note.


Cygnus History  

SciTech Connect

The Cygnus Dual Beam Radiographic Facility consists of two identical radiographic sources: Cygnus 1 and Cygnus 2. This Radiographic Facility is located in an underground tunnel test area at the Nevada Test Site. The sources were developed to produce high-resolution images for dynamic plutonium experiments. This work will recount and discuss salient maintenance and operational issues encountered during the history of Cygnus. A brief description of Cygnus systems and rational for design selections will set the stage for this historical narrative. It is intended to highlight the team-derived solutions for technical problems encountered during extended periods of maintenance and operation. While many of the issues are typical to pulsed power systems, some of the solutions are unique. It is hoped that other source teams will benefit from this presentation, as well as other necessary disciplines (e.g., source users, system architects, facility designers and managers, funding managers, and team leaders).

David J. Henderson, Raymond E. Gignac, Douglas E. Good, Mark D. Hansen, Charles V. Mitton; Daniel S. Nelson, Eugene C. Ormond; Steve R. Cordova, Isidro Molina; John R. Smith, Evan A. Rose



Department of History Teaching Minor in History  

E-print Network

Department of History Teaching Minor in History Students interested in earning a teaching minor in history must complete the following requirements: 4 credits HSTR 101 or 102 European Civilization ________ 8 credits HSTA 101 and 102 American History ________ 1 credit HSTR 200 Introduction to Historical

Vonessen, Nikolaus


Ras history  

PubMed Central

Although the roots of Ras sprouted from the rich history of retrovirus research, it was the discovery of mutationally activated RAS genes in human cancer in 1982 that stimulated an intensive research effort to understand Ras protein structure, biochemistry and biology. While the ultimate goal has been developing anti-Ras drugs for cancer treatment, discoveries from Ras have laid the foundation for three broad areas of science. First, they focused studies on the origins of cancer to the molecular level, with the subsequent discovery of genes mutated in cancer that now number in the thousands. Second, elucidation of the biochemical mechanisms by which Ras facilitates signal transduction established many of our fundamental concepts of how a normal cell orchestrates responses to extracellular cues. Third, Ras proteins are also founding members of a large superfamily of small GTPases that regulate all key cellular processes and established the versatile role of small GTP-binding proteins in biology. We highlight some of the key findings of the last 28 years. PMID:21686117



First Person History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

You will choose an event in history to research, and use pictures to provide evidence. 1. Using \\"Hyper History Online\\", \\"American Studies Links\\" and \\"History Matters\\", select an event or person in history (for example, the sinking of the Lusitania or Andrew Jackson). History Matters American Studies Links Recommended by Richard P. Horowitz Hyper History Online 2. Research this person or event using the above resources. 3. Search \\"Images of American Political History\\" for pictures that relate to your ...

Mrs. Merkley



KSC History Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The KSC History Project focuses on archival research and oral history interviews on the history of Kennedy Space Center (KSC). Related projects include the preparation of a precis and chapter outline for a proposed book-length narrative history, a bibliography of key primary and secondary resources, a brief monograph overview of the history of KSC, and a monograph on the history of safety at the Center. Finally, there is work on the development of a web page and a personal history data base associated with the oral history project. The KSC History Project has been a joint endeavor between Henry C. Dethloff and Dr. Noble Lee Snaples, Jr.

Dethloff, Henry C.



Celebrate Women's History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teachers' guide to activities celebrating Women's History Month focuses on women whose important contributions have been omitted from history textbooks. Women's History Month grew from a 1977 celebration of Women's History Week and is intended to bring women's history into the school curriculum. International Women's Day, celebrated on March…

Leonard, Carolyn M.; Baradar, Mariam


History of Geology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses: (1) geologists and the history of geology; (2) American historians and the history of geology; (3) history of geology in the 1980s; (4) sources for the history of geology (bibliographies, dictionaries, encyclopedias, handbooks, periodicals, public/official histories, compilations, and books); (5) research opportunities; and (6) other…

Greene, Mott T.



History Channel: This Day in History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For those looking to find out about a variety of important historical events on a particular day, this site provided by the History Channel will be both entertaining and informative. This Day in History collects information about historical events organized around a number of topical sections, such as Cold War History, Literary History, Old West History, Technology History, Wall Street History, and Civil War History. Along with brief essays describing the events of a particular day, some of the more recent events also have short video clips that users can watch. On one recent day (January 28th), events covered included the tragic explosion of the Challenger space shuttle in 1986 and the United States' failure to capture Pancho Villa, the Mexican revolutionary. Visitors can also type in their birthdays to find out about events that occurred on that day, as well as for a list of well-known persons who share their birthday.


History of Silk  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Nicely illustrated history of silk and explanation of silk production. A fine discussion of the moths, life history, and feeding are included, as well as the extensive cultural history of this outstanding insect product.



What history courses are there? History and Film Studies  

E-print Network

Essentials What history courses are there? History History and Film Studies History and Philosophy History and Politics History and Sociology American Studies and History (p33) Anthropology and History (p35) English and History (p69) What A levels/IB scores do I need? (For other qualifications

Sussex, University of


History Ancient, Mediaeval, Modern, Scottish  

E-print Network

104 History­ Ancient, Mediaeval, Modern, Scottish and Middle East Studies MA (Single Honours Degree) History BA (International Honours Degree) History See page 13 (See also Ancient History page 52, and History ­ Mediaeval History page 106 History ­ Middle East Studies page 108 History ­ Modern History page

Brierley, Andrew


Teaching History Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 14 articles included in this collection touch on several aspects of the teaching of history. The articles are: (1) "Observations on University Teaching and Research" (N. Graebner); (2) "Teaching History: A Changing Clientele and an Affirmation of Goals" (E. Burns); (3) "History for Citizens" (W. McNeill); (4) "Reflections on the History of…

Bausum, Henry S., Ed.


Let History Reign  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Spanish River High School is one of 40 U.S. History Schools and 21 affiliates around the country that get resources and academic support from the Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History. The schools require participating students to take a U.S. history course each year, in addition to any requisites in world history and other subjects. The…

Manzo, Kathleen Kennedy



History Ancient, Mediaeval, Modern, Scottish  

E-print Network

112 History­ Ancient, Mediaeval, Modern, Scottish and Middle East Studies Degree options MA (Single Honours Degree) History BA (International Honours Degree) History (See page 51) (See also Ancient History page 62 History ­ Mediaeval History page 114 History ­ Middle East Studies page 116 History ­ Modern

Brierley, Andrew


OIL & GAS HISTORY 1 History in California  

E-print Network

OIL & GAS HISTORY 1 History in California 4 Superior figures refer to references at the end of the essay. OIL AND GAS PRODUCTION California oil was always a valued commodity. When the Spanish explorers landed in California in the 1500s, they found Indians gathering asphaltum (very thick oil) from natural


The Automobile in American History History 392  

E-print Network

­ present (REF AI3.R2) Humanities and Social Sciences Index Retrospective: 1907 - 1984 (Online) PAIS: 1915 Chronicles of American Life, 1910-1992 REF E169.1 .G664 1995 A Dictionary of American History REF E174 .A2 Encyclopedia of American Studies REF E169.1 .E625 Oxford Companion to United States History (Online) Find

Abolmaesumi, Purang


It's your history  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The AGU Committee on the History of Geophysics (CHG) has been active since 1982. You have probably noticed our activities: Eos history articles edited by Bill Glen and talks and sessions dealing with history at AGU meetings. Perhaps you have also seen the CHG newsletter produced by Sam Silverman, or the recent volume The History of Hydrology edited by Ed Landa, third in the series History of Geophysics, coordinated and edited by C. Stewart Gillmor. Or you might have attended, in San Francisco (Calif.), the VGP session “Development of the Blueschist Fascies Concept,” chaired by Charles Gilbert, the first history session to be videotaped by AGU.

Stern, David P.


Best of History Websites  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An anthology of online history resources, this site was crafted and designed for history students, teachers, and enthusiasts. Established by Thomas Daccord, history teacher and instructional technology consultant at the Noble and Greenough School in Dedham, Massachusetts, this site not only provides links to online resources, but also rates them on a one to five star scale. The site features ten different historical categories -- Prehistory, Ancient/ Biblical, Medieval, US History, Early Modern European, 20th Century, World War II, Art History, General Resources, and Maps -- and contains links to over 700 history-related Web sites that have been reviewed for "quality, accuracy, and usefulness."


Kacey Carlson Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Kacey Carlson conducted by Kaitlin Dosier and Jeremy Adkison in Lawrence, Kansas, on October 25, 2010. In this interview, Kacey Carlson, owner of the store Village Witch in Lawrence, Kansas, describes the history...

Carlson, Kacey; Adkison, Jeremy; Dosier, Kaitlin



KSC History Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The project is a joint endeavor between Dr. Henry Dethloff and myself and is producing a number of products related to KSC history. This report is a summary of those projects. First, there is an overview monograph covering KSC history. Second, there is a chapter outline for an eventual book-length history. Third, there is monograph on safety at KSC. Finally, there is a web page and database dedicated to the KSC oral history project.

Snaples, Lee



Film and History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an annotated bibliography of Web sites that focus on using film to teach history. Includes Web sites in five areas: (1) film and education; (2) history of cinema; (3) film and history resources; (4) film and women; and (5) film organizations. (CMK)

Schaber, Robin L.



Undergraduate History of Art  

E-print Network

Undergraduate History of Art Faculty of Arts #12; Art history provides a way of understanding the past and its relationship to the present, because the act of making art is one of humanity's most universal activities. Studying art history at Bristol explores painting, sculpture and drawing

Bristol, University of


History of Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the history of American physics, indicating that much effort has been on the atomic bond and high-energy physics, to the detriment of other topics and areas. To offset this tendency, significant research is going on in the history of solid-state physics, with glimmerings in the history of physics education. (JN)

Moyer, Albert E.



A History Worth Preserving  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Manhattan Project transformed the course of American and world history, science, politics and society. If we can read about this in books and watch History Channel documentaries, why do we need to preserve some of the properties of this enormous undertaking? The presentation, ``A History Worth Preserving,'' will address why some of the physical properties need to be preserved

Cynthia Kelly



Documents in Military History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Dave Stewart, assistant professor of history at Hillsdale College (Hillsdale, Michigan), Documents in Military History is an online collection of primary sources for military history. The collection emphasizes pre-twentieth-century European military history but also includes some documents that address American and non-Western histories. Currently, the collection contains 325 items in six major historical sections: Ancient, Medieval, Early Modern, French Revolution, Nineteenth Century, and Naval Warfare. Each major section is further divided into more specific subsections. The organized layout of the site promotes chronological browsing. The site also provides a keyword search facility (inoperable at the time of review).


Forest History Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Affiliated with Duke University, the Forest History Society (FHS) "links the past to the future by identifying, collecting, preserving, interpreting, and disseminating information on the history of interactions between people, forests, and their related resources..." Founded in 1946, FHS offers extensive resources for anyone interested in the history of forests. This website contains links to FHS archives, research and publications, U.S. Forest Service history, searchable databases, and more. The searchable databases include a sizeable bibliography "containing annotated descriptions of over 34,000 books, articles, and dissertations on topics in the fields of forest, conservation, and environmental history."




E-print Network



Pelvic stress injuries: the relationship between osteitis pubis (symphysis pubis stress injury) and sacroiliac abnormalities in athletes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To demonstrate with radiographic imaging the association between pubic stress injury and sacroiliac abnormalities in athletes.\\u000a Design and patients. Eleven athletes (9 men and 2 women), comprising seven male long-distance runners, one male soccer player, one male and two\\u000a female basketball players, were imaged with plain films for complaints of pubic symphysis pain, sciatica, groin pain, or a\\u000a combination

N. M. Major; Clyde A. Helms



Columbia Oral History Columbia University Center for Oral History  

E-print Network

Columbia Oral History Columbia University Center for Oral History Annual Report AUGUST 1, 2011 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Rule of Law Oral History Project Carnegie Corporation Oral History Project BIOGRAPHICAL INTERVIEWS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Oral History Master of Arts Summer Institute 2012 Oral History Workshop Series 2011­12 Oral

Kim, Philip


Department of History Undergraduate Handbook  

E-print Network

Department of History 2010-2011 Undergraduate Handbook Programs for Students Entering in 2010-2011 Honours History (2290)...........................................................................................................3 Combined Honours in History and Another Subject .....................................................4 B

Hitchcock, Adam P.


Museum of Computer History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Museum of Computer History collection includes artifacts from pre-computing to supercomputing, with a primary emphasis on post-WWII electronic computing. Although the museum is located in Mountain View, CA, a sampling of artifacts are provided online with promises to continue digitizing the collection. The website also provides a wealth of information for anyone researching computer history or simply curious about milestones in computer history. A key feature of the website is the timeline for the history of computing from 1945 to 1990, where visitors can click by year to view "illustrated descriptions of significant innovations in hardware and software technology," or search for a specific topic. A separate page provides a timeline for the history of the internet and another for the "microprocessor evolution." The document archive portion of the website contains various documents including history books, manuals, biographical and other historical materials.



NSDL National Science Digital Library

The brainchild of Walt Crowley, HistoryLink is an online, highly engaging, encyclopedia of essays, visual material, and maps relating the history of Seattle and King County. With oversight from a number of local and professional historians, the site contains over 3000 short essays on many different aspects of local history. Along with providing several search engines for navigating the material on the site, an interactive map of Seattle allows users to browse around the city for different historical information on different neighborhoods and communities. Other sections on the site include Magic Lantern slide shows dealing with subjects like the history of the Seattle Public Library and Seattle University and an evolving section containing transcriptions of oral histories. All in all, a fascinating way to get acquainted with Seattle history.



African American History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

February is African American History Month, and, as the Library of Congress site notes, it's an area of history that should be incorporated into all discussions about American history. The Library of Congress listened to its own advice and created this most useful site to help students, teachers, and others to do just that. Visitors can read about a number of notable African Americans, including historian Carter G. Woodson and Congressman Major Owens. By clicking on the "Exhibits & Collections" area visitors can look through some of the digital collections related to various aspects of African American history. Additionally, the site also has other sections that provide primary materials on African Americans in the performing arts as well as oral histories from the Veterans History Project.


Oral History Project in Labor History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Labor history is a field that has enjoyed a resurgence of interest, including significant attention from journalists, scholars, and curious members of the general public. This particular set of labor history documents is primarily concerned with oral histories compiled by Elizabeth Balanoff in the early 1970s. Three decades later, several librarians at Roosevelt University received a $10,000 grant from the Illinois State Library to digitize these interview transcripts. Interviews include Irving Abrams, who was a member of the Industrial Workers of the World, and Joseph Keenan, who served as the secretary of the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers. This fascinating collection is rounded out by a number of interview transcripts from conversations with faculty members at Roosevelt University on the subject of faculty participation in university government.


Shari T. Oral History  

E-print Network

Under the Rainbow: Oral Histories of Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex and Queer People in Kansas Shari T. Oral History Interviewed by Tami Albin February 25, 2009 http...:// This interview was made possible by the generous support of the University of Kansas Libraries and the University of Kansas grants 2302114, 2301283, 2301334. © Under the Rainbow: Oral Histories of Gay, Lesbian...

T., Shari; Albin, Tami



Women's History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In honor of Women's History Month, the History Channel offers this concise but interesting site, featuring brief biographies of 31 notable women, one each day. In addition to the essays, which trace each woman's early life and accomplishments, a suggested reading list is provided in many cases. While any such list is arbitrary, interested but busy users will enjoy these quick daily doses of women's history. Those who don't want to wait can also view the entire collection of profiles at once. In addition, the site contains a feature on Women's Suffrage, a list of related programming on the History Channel, and a link to the search engine.


Wisconsin County Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether you're interested in Reedsburg, Rhinelander, or Rubicon, the Wisconsin County Histories website will not fail those keen on the history of the Badger State. Created by the Wisconsin Historical Society, this archive provides access to more than 80 standard histories of Wisconsin counties, most of which were published between 1850 and 1920. The majority of the volumes are over several hundred pages long, and they include detailed passages on cities within their respective counties, along with sketches of prominent leaders. Visitors can use the drop-down menu available on the homepage to find specific volumes, or they can also perform a full text search across all of the histories.


Wildfire History and Ecology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of a great site on the land use history of the Colorado Plateau from Northern Arizona University, this site offers a brief overview of wildfire history and ecology on the Plateau with links to information about ponderosa pine fire ecology, reintroduction of fire to forest ecosystems, and fire ecology research studies.


Revising Russian History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the production of new history textbooks that appeared after the breakup of the Soviet Union. Argues that the radical revisions in official history in this context are shaped by the Bakhtinian process of "hidden dialogicality." Suggests that the importance of hidden dialogicality between narrative forms must be considered. (SC)

Wertsch, James V.



On Writing Labor History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the personal views, research methods, and writing strategies of an author who specializes in books on labor history aimed at the young adult market. Discusses some of the work that went into biographies of Mother Jones, Rosie the Riveter, and Frances Perkins. Recommends an increased focus on labor history. (MJP)

Colman, Penny



History of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses why the history of science should be included in the science curriculum in schools. He also presents some opportunities that can come out of using historical contexts, and findings from a study assessing the place of history of science in readily available textbooks.

Oversby, John



Preaching in American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of twenty essary by nineteen authors attempts to describe the message, issues, and impact of American preaching as it has interacted with history and shaped American churches and society. The twenty topics, treated by individuals with advanced degrees in theology or speech, are: the role of preaching in American history; Puritan…

Holland, DeWitte, Ed.


Microscale acceleration history discriminators  


A new class of micromechanical acceleration history discriminators is claimed. These discriminators allow the precise differentiation of a wide range of acceleration-time histories, thereby allowing adaptive events to be triggered in response to the severity (or lack thereof) of an external environment. Such devices have applications in airbag activation, and other safety and surety applications.

Polosky, Marc A. (Albuquerque, NM); Plummer, David W. (Albuquerque, NM)



Art History Degree options  

E-print Network

History and one of: Ancient History Arabic Biblical Studies Classical Studies Comparative Literature for a learning and teaching review in March 2010. * The modular structure offers the possibility of combining art with an excellent record for both teaching and research. * Art-historical study is visual and you will learn to look

Brierley, Andrew


Six American Histories.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Histories of Blacks, Czechs, Germans, Jews, Mexicans, and Poles are provided in this resource guide. The histories are intended as a major background resource to help instructional staff members of the 45 school systems in Education Service Center, Region II, Corpus Christi, Texas, integrate ethnic heritage studies materials into classroom…

Wead, Margaret


History of Shellac  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A short history of the use and production of shellac as processed from Lac insects in India. It includes a brief timeline history, as well as a discussion of the insects that produce it. Other links include lac production process, and properties of shellac. The site is devoted to the promotion of shellac production and use.



Arkansas History Frameworks. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Arkansas history curriculum framework sets out the state content standards for grades K-4, grades 5-8, and grades 9-12. The framework lists the different history strands: Strand 1: "Time, Continuity, and Change"; Strand 2: "People, Places, and Environments"; Strand 3: "Production, Distribution, and Consumption"; Strand 4: "Power, Authority,…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.


Implementing Big History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contends that world history should be taught as "Big History," a view that includes all space and time beginning with the Big Bang. Discusses five "Cardinal Questions" that serve as a course structure and address the following concepts: perspectives, diversity, change and continuity, interdependence, and causes. (CMK)

Welter, Mark



Webbing Through Science History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Virtual experiments, data logging the internet--these are just a few of the ways technology is changing the classroom environment today, ushering in a new learning opportunity for students and new ways for teachers to present knowledge. In this article we discover that a "virtual" history of scientists from the past builds students' technology skills while seamlessly integrating history and science.

Daflos, Athanasios; Psycharis, Sarantos



Teaching Nuclear History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results of a survey of the teaching about nuclear history at U.S. colleges and universities. Reports the existence of a well-established and extensive literature, a focus on nuclear weapons or warfare, and a concentration on nuclear citizenship, therapy, or eschatology for courses outside of history departments. Discusses individual…

Holl, Jack M.; Convis, Sheila C.



The history of Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an interactive tour along the historical timeline of Utah. Welcome to the tour of the History of Utah lesson! The area we now call Utah has a very rich and interesting history. Over the years Utah has been the home of many different people. This exercise is an interactive ...

Thackeray, Lynn



The History of Rocketry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson is about the role of rockets in history. Learners will create a multiple tiered timeline on the history of rocketry. Includes a teacher's guide and students handouts. Video and audio clips are provided. This lesson 3 of 8 from the Dynamic Design: Launch and Propulsion module.


Environmental History Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor Jan Oosthoek at the University of Edinburgh has maintained a web presence since 1999, and his most recent website was relaunched in March 2008. The purpose of the site is to provide a range of resources and information on environmental history for the general public and scholars. Some of these resources include topical bibliographies, essays, annotated guides to other web resources, and a news feed. Visitors who click on the "Bibliography" area will find links to detailed thematic bibliographies that cover El Nino, climate history, Scottish forest history, and other topics. Moving on, the "Essays" area contains twelve different essays, including "The role of wood in world history", "What is environmental history?", and "Dutch river defences in historical perspective". The "Podcast" area is a real treat, and features interviews and discussions about topics such as urban air pollution in historical perspective and the environmental legacy of apartheid in South Africa.

Oosthoek, Jan


National Women's History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1980, the National Women's History Project (NWHP) was created by a group of women committed to recognizing women's historical achievements. The organization was responsible for lobbying Congress to designate March as National Women's History Month, and today, they provide information and training in multicultural women's history for educators, community organizers, and parents. On the site, visitors can learn about the NWHP's many outreach efforts, or explore by clicking on the Women's History Month tab. Here, interested parties will find materials on the annual Women's History Month celebration, along with some fun quizzes and press releases. The Resource Center contains essays about prominent women, along with an archive of Great Speeches by women and resources for teachers. Finally, the site is rounded out by a News and Events area that contains updates about other events the NWHP supports, such as National Nurses Week and Women's Equality Day.




E-print Network

NASA JOHNSON SPACE CENTER ORAL HISTORY PROJECT ORAL HISTORY TRANSCRIPT NEIL A. ARMSTRONG history with Neil Armstrong was conducted on September 19, 2001, for the Johnson Space Center Oral History of that? 19 September 2001 1 #12;Johnson Space Center Oral History Project Neil A. Armstrong ARMSTRONG: I


Undergraduate History Degrees School of History, Archaeology and Religion, Cardiff University  

E-print Network

Undergraduate History Degrees School of History, Archaeology and Religion, Cardiff University BA History BA History with Welsh History BA Integrated Degree (Archaeology & Medieval History, Ancient History & Medieval History) BA Joint Schemes (with Archaeology, Religious Studies, Languages etc.) Bsc

Davies, Christopher


History: The Colonial Williamsburg Official History Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Colonial Williamsburg has been a popular destination for American history buffs for eight decades, and they continue to impress with their fine website dedicated to providing biographies, essays, and articles on "the everyday life of extraordinary Americans." Visitors can read biographies of people who inhabited colonial-era Williamsburg, listen to their fife and drums corps, and tour the town. One area that is definitely worth a look is the "Gardens" section of the site. Here visitors can learn about the landscape restoration work on the site, the history of the gardens, and read the gardener's blog. Further along, the "Clothing" area includes narrative descriptions of men's clothing, women's clothing, and African American clothing during colonial times. Also, visitors can dress a colonial person from head to toe in the interactive adventure, "Dressing the Part". The site is rounded out by a "Conferences, Forums, and Workshops" area that includes information about their scholarly activities and upcoming forums.


National History Education Clearinghouse  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The U.S. Department of Education is responsible for this well-executed and extremely interesting website which is "designed to help K-12 history teachers access resources and materials to improve U.S. history education in the classroom." There are many different areas to explore on this website, a few of which are "History Content", "Teaching Materials", "Issues & Research" and the "Weekly Quiz". This week's quiz is called "Fly Away Jim Crow". The "Sources" for the quiz questions and answers, and "Related Content" are to the right side of the quiz. The "History Content" section has features such as "Ask a Historian Archive" and "Website Reviews" of sites about teaching U.S. history. The "Issues & Research" section presently has two "Research Briefs", "Learning From History and Social Studies Textbooks" about the obstacles of students' learning from textbooks, and "What Happens When Students Read Multiple Sources in History Class" regarding the challenges students face when encountering historical documents and primary sources.


v 090605 Art History Department  

E-print Network

v 090605 Art History Department Art History B.A. & M.A. Five-Year Combined Degree Program The Art History B.A. and M.A. Combined Degree Program admits qualified applicants who are enrolled as Art History majors at Binghamton University and wish to complete a B.A. with an Art History major in Track A

Suzuki, Masatsugu


Collecting and Using Local History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The local history collection should contain: county histories; city and village histories; state and regional histories; anniversary booklets; company histories; local newspapers; local magazines; genealogies; family albums; diaries; journals, and letters; account books; club yearbooks; school annuals; telephone books, city directories and local…

Miller, Marcia Muth


Natural History Museum: British Natural History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Although some might fear that limited land resources and the usual development pressures are working to reduce Britain's natural history to footnote status, this website from the Natural History Museum in London effectively documents the UK's impressive biological and geological diversity. The site consists of interactive database features as well as videos (in both Windows Media and Quicktime formats). Exploring Biodiversity, an interactive introduction for students to UK biodiversity, allows users to compare the flora of different UK postal districts and also to download a version of WORLDMAP, the Museum's innovative distribution analysis software. The Earth Lab Datasite is a searchable database of fossils, rocks and minerals organized in part by geographic distribution. The Postcode Plants Database allows users to generate local lists of UK plants and/or animals. The British Natural History video, produced by the Museum's Darwin Centre, presents an online tour of the UK's wildlife scene, while Ornithology of the Orkney Islands looks at the work of bird researcher on these Scottish isles and also includes a discussion of migration studies with Museum ornithologist Douglas Russell. The site is best viewed with Netscape Communicator versions 4.5 to 4.8 and Microsoft Internet Explorer version 5 and later.


Tax History Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2000 tax deadline has passed, and users with taxes on their minds may be interested in the Tax History Museum. Created and maintained by Tax Analysts, this online museum covers American tax history from 1660 to the present. Divided into chronological periods, each exhibit contains a narrative history of American taxes, complete with images of documents, portraits of some of the key figures, and illustrations. Still under construction, the 20th-century exhibit will also contain sound clips of some of the most famous tax-related speeches of the last 100 years.


History of MEMS  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page from the Southwest Center for Microsystems Education features a learning module which provides an overview of the history of microelectromechanical systems, or MEMS. A participant guide, instructor guide (both in PDF format) and a comprehensive powerpoint presentation are included. A step by step history of the progression of the history of MEMS is included in the materials. A crossword puzzle and research activity are included in the participant guide. Users are encouraged to register and log in in order to access the full content on the site.



Film Sound History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed by the student chapter of the Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers, this site offers a clear, informative timeline of film sound history. Breaking the century down by decades, the site discusses the main sound innovations of each period, and these brief histories link to related film history sites. The site also features a graph showing the specifications and capability of every major film sound format from Fantasound in 1940 to DTS introduced in 1993. An unannotated list of relevant links rounds out the site.


Pope Michael Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Pope Michael (David Bawden) conducted by Torang Asadi in Delia, Kansas, on September 2, 2010. In this interview, Pope Michael describes how his family came to be in Kansas, how he came to believe ...

Pope Michael; Bawden, David; Asadi, Torang



Tufts University Online History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Tufts University has a long and distinguished history: it has been a vital part of the greater Boston community for well over a century. The good folks at that institution's Digital Collections & Archives have brought together a "Concise Encyclopedia of Tufts History," a two-volume tome on the school's history, and historic snapshots of the Tufts homepage since 1997. The Encyclopedia is a real pip; sample entries include the College Equal Suffrage League, the tradition of "The Jam," and Israel Washburn, Jr. The real treat here is the pamphlet-style publication "High on the Hill," which discusses Tufts history and important sites, such as the celebrated Barnum Hall (named for P.T. Barnum) and the long-gone college farm.



History of Measurement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief article describes some methods of indirect measurement that have been applied throughout history to the problem of estimating the height of tall trees. Several methods involving scaling, angles, ratios, and tools are discussed.

NRICH team



Earth System History Announcements  

E-print Network

altogether in the snakes. · With the exception of the crocodiles, the Reptile circulatory system still hasEarth System History GEOL 1020 [36] Announcements Enter the Mesozoic Age of the dinosaurs November

Mojzsis, Stephen J.


Environmental History Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor Jan Oosthoek at the University of Edinburgh has maintained a web presence since 1999, and his most recent website was relaunched in March 2008. The purpose of the site is to provide a range of resources and information on environmental history for the general public and scholars. Some of these resources include topical bibliographies, essays, annotatedguides to other web resources, and a news feed. Visitors who click on the"Bibliography" area will find links to detailed thematic bibliographiesthat cover El Nino, climate history, Scottish forest history, and othertopics. Moving on, the "Essays" area contains twelve different essays,including "The role of wood in world history", "What is environmentalhistory?", and "Dutch river defences in historical perspective". The"Podcast" area is a real treat, and features interviews and discussionsabout topics such as urban air pollution in historical perspective and the environmental legacy of apartheid in South Africa.

Oosthoek, Jan


Mike Rose Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Mike Rose conducted by Lauren Helmer in Salina, Kansas, on December 31, 2010. In this interview, Mike Rose, pastor of the University United Methodist Church in Salina, describes his experiences ...

Rose, Mike; Helmer, Lauren



Rose Stokes Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Rose Stokes conducted by Sarah Heidrick in Nicodemus, Kansas, on November 14, 2009. In this interview, Rose Stokes discusses her involvement with the First Baptist Church in Nicodemus, Kansas, ...

Stokes, Rose; Heidrick, Sarah



Modern Britain History 329  

E-print Network

88 2002 Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Online) A Companion to Victorian Literature Background Information Search QCAT by subject heading, for example: great britain biography dictionaries great britain civilization 19th century encyclopedias great britain history dictionaries great britain

Abolmaesumi, Purang


History of Chiropractic Care  


History of Chiropractic Care The roots of chiropractic care can be traced all the way back to the beginning of recorded ... maladies in future years. Education of Doctors of Chiropractic Doctors of chiropractic must complete four to five ...


History of Stellar Interferometry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This viewgraph presentation reviews the history of stellar interferometry from the suggestion of Fizeau that stellar interferometry was possible,to the use of the Mark I, II and III for astrometry. Photographs, and parts of original articles are presented.

Lawson, Peter R.



Gene Carlson Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Gene Carlson conducted by Clint Shriner on December 10, 2009. In this interview, Gene Carlson, lead pastor at Westlink Christian Church, discusses the formative experiences that resulted in his ...

Carlson, Gene; Shriner, Clint



Beijing University: A History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts the history of Beijing University prior to the founding of the People's Republic of China. Provides insights through the author's personal memoirs. Gives a sense of the past through the liberal use of anecdotes. (KO)

Feng, Youlan



Mississippi History Newsletter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Are you interested in Civil War history? Tales of Biloxi? If so, then you will not be disappointed by the Mississippi History Newsletter. This publication of the Mississippi Historical Society features pieces on upcoming events and programs, and also features articles on grants, exhibits, and new books related to the history of the Magnolia State. On this site, visitors can view past issues of the newsletter dating back to May 2001. The newsletter is a great source of material on the activities of the Historical Society, and scholars of Southern history and related topics will not be disappointed. The site also contains links to books published by the Society and information about doing research at the Society's headquarters in Jackson.


Matt Cox Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Matt Cox conducted by Emily Stratton in Lawrence, Kansas, on July 16, 2013. This interview features Matt Cox, the planter and lead pastor of EastLake Community Church. EastLake Community Church ...

Cox, Matt; Stratton, Emily



David Frech Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with David Frech conducted by Emily Stratton in Olathe, Kansas, on July 10, 2013. David Frech is the senior pastor at the Church of the Harvest in Olathe, Kansas. Church of the Harvest started up in ...

Frech, David; Stratton, Emily



Deacon Godsey Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Deacon Godsey conducted by Emily Stratton in Lawrence, Kansas, on June 21, 2013. Deacon Godsey is the lead pastor at Vintage Church in Lawrence. Vintage Church is one of Lawrence’s newer ...

Godsey, Deacon; Stratton, Emily



Mary Miller Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Mary Miller conducted by Dr. Timothy Miller in Lawrence, Kansas, on September 16, 2009. In this interview, Mary Miller describes her journey from a her Presbyterian upbringing and education to the decision that she was a...

Miller, Mary; Miller, Timothy



Gregg Hall Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Gregg Hall conducted by Emily Stratton in Olathe, Kansas, on June 24, 2013. Gregg Hall is the pastor for the Ottawa, Kansas, branch of Life Church. Life Church is a non-denominational church ...

Hall, Gregg; Stratton, Emily



Anna Manning Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Anna Manning conducted by Sean Manning in Overland Park, Kansas, on November 5, 2009. In this interview, Anna Manning discusses the Hispanic ministries in Catholic Churches in Johnson County, Kansas. This interview...

Manning, Anna; Manning, Sean



Dan Chaverin Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Dan Chaverin conducted by Clint Shriner in Lenexa, Kansas, on December 6, 2009. In this interview, Dan Chaverin, executive pastor of Westside Family Church in Lenexa, Kansas, discusses the operations, missions...

Chaverin, Dan; Shriner, Clint



Leona Anderson Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Leona Anderson conducted by Rachel Gadd-Nelson in Burdick, Kansas, on September 18, 2009. In this interview, Leona Anderson discusses her experiences as a member of the Missouri Synod Lutheran Church in Lattimer, Kansas...

Anderson, Leona; Gadd-Nelson, Rachel



Garrett Fugate Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Garrett Fugate conducted by Jeremy Adkison in 2010. In this interview, University of Kansas student Garrett Fugate discusses his childhood experiences as a member of the Greek Orthodox community, and his eventual decision...

Fugate, Garrett; Adkison, Jeremy



Joseph Luben Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Joseph Luben conducted by Sean Manning in Overland Park, Kansas, on November 5, 2009. In this interview, Joseph Luben discusses being raised with both Pentecostal and Jewish influences in Galena, Kansas. He also describes...

Luben, Joseph; Manning, Sean



Evelyn Forsberg Oral History  

E-print Network

Oral history interview with Evelyn Forsberg conducted by Rachel Gadd-Nelson on September 18, 2009. In this interview, Evelyn Forsberg discusses the experience of growing up Catholic in the Herrington, Kansas, area, and, after her marriage to a...

Forsberg, Evelyn; Gadd-Nelson, Rachel



Tacoma Community History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Community histories have become increasingly popular, and this interdisciplinary project from the University of Washington-Tacoma is part of that growing trend. The materials here include oral histories gathered by students working under the direction of Professor Michael Honey for his undergraduate and graduate courses. This collection contains 50 oral histories, and visitors can explore all of them via an interactive map or the Explore By Communities tab. It is worth noting that the histories include other communities within south Puget Sound, such as Gig Harbor and University Place. Some of the titles here include "Italians in Hilltop" and "A Blue Collar Town: The Tacoma Labor Movement." The materials date back to 1991 and include transcripts of each interview. Finally, the About area contains information about student involvement in the project, along with information on community involvement and engagement.



History of Saturn Discoveries  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, learners will use History of Discovery cards and interpretive skits to examine how scientists throughout history have explored Saturn. The lesson enables students to discern the multicultural nature of scientific inquiry and to see how technology improvements increase our ability to solve scientific mysteries. The lesson also prepares students to create and interpret their own timelines spanning the years 1610 to 2010. The timelines depict scientists, technologies, and discoveries. This is lesson 4 of 6 in the Saturn Educators Guide.


The Tax History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1995 by Tax Analysts, the Tax History Project helps scholars, policymakers, students, and citizens easily access primary historical documents relating to American tax history. This rich resource archives US Treasury, White House, and Congressional documents from the early national, Depression, and World War II eras. Cartoon and poster image galleries supplement the text archives. Other features include statistical data on American taxation, Presidential Tax Returns, books reviews, and links to tax policy discussion groups.


Church History Discovery  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module is intended to help you understand the Historical Legacy of the LDS Church. First, go to the link below and read the speach by Elder M. Russell Ballard. Once you have done this, discuss this speech with someone near you. Tell them your impressions of this talk and then write down why history, especially LDS church history is important to study. Elder M. Russell Ballard - Faith in Every Footstep Good ...

Brother Burbidge



Ryan Campbell Oral History  

E-print Network

Under the Rainbow: Oral Histories of GLBTQ People in Kansas Ryan Campbell Oral History Part 1 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player Part 2 video platform video management video solutionsvideo player... Lawrence, KS 66045 Requestors must identify: 1. Type of publication 2. Proposed title 3. Specific passages to be quoted 4. Anticipated uses of the passages 5. Publisher's name 6. Expected date of publication ...

Campbell, Ryan; Albin, Tami



Tax History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tax Analysts group, a non-profit organization that has been providing tax news and analysis for over 40 years, has dedicated part of their website to the "Tax History Project", which includes a "Tax History Museum", archives of "Presidential Tax Returns", and a "1040 Archive" that covers the years 1913 to 2006. The Project was established in 1995 to "provide scholars, policymakers, students, the media, and citizens with information about the history of American taxation". Visitors will find the full text of nine of the Federalist Papers, which discuss federal revenue and taxing powers, in the "Taxing Federalism" link. There is also an excellent explanation of what the authors of the Federalist Papers (Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay) meant to accomplish by publishing the series of 85 essays. Those persons interested in political cartoons and posters about taxes and war bonds from World War II will surely enjoy the "Images in Tax History" link. Finally, visitors who want to keep abreast of tax history items can subscribe to the free Tax History Bulletin via the "Free Newsletter" link.


Computer History Museum: Timeline of Computer History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Computer History Museum offers this outstanding online timeline, which ranges from the first proposal of electronic data storage in 1945 to the birth of the World Wide Web in 1990. "Each year features illustrated descriptions of significant innovations in hardware and software technology, as well as milestones in areas such as commercial applications and artificial intelligence." There is also a focus on the portrayal of computers in pop culture. With nearly 120 entries, the timeline serves as a vivid reminder of how far computer technology has come in such a short period.


History F131-F71 History of the United States  

E-print Network

The Constitution and the Creation of the United States Chap 8 July 22 Constitution, cont. Chap. 8 July 23 The NewHistory F131-F71 History of the United States Second Summer Session, July 7 - August 15, 2014 Monday-Thursday, 8-9:50 AM History 131 traces the social, economic, and political history of the United

Sikes, Derek S.


Department of History Combined Major in History/Political Science  

E-print Network

Department of History Combined Major in History/Political Science Students interested in earning a combined major in history/political science must complete the following courses: 4 credits HSTR 101 or 102 European Civilization ________ 8 credits HSTA 101 and 102 American History ________ ________ 1 credit HSTR

Vonessen, Nikolaus


Art and Art History 83 Art and Art History  

E-print Network

Art and Art History · 83 Art and Art History PROFESSORS Levesque (Chair), Barnes, Jack (Emeritus of Art and Art History offers two programs: Studio Art and Art History. The Studio Art program offers of a liberal arts education. The program aims at developing greater visual awareness through a rigorously

Lewis, Robert Michael


Political History as Women's History: Toward a More Inclusive Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The secondary school history curriculum, with its emphasis on political history, tends to relegate women to the margins or to interpret their accomplishments according to a patriarchal framework. The author argues that by adapting theoretical developments in the field of women's history, women can be seen as political agents in history, thereby…

Woyshner, Christine



Early History of Algebra and Geometry Modern History  

E-print Network

Tribute Early History of Algebra and Geometry Modern History From Algebraic to Weak Subintegral. Vitulli Algebraic to Subintegral Extensions #12;Tribute Early History of Algebra and Geometry Modern History Etta Zuber Falconer (1933 - 2002) "My entire career has been devoted to increasing the number


History 2RR3 U.S. History  

E-print Network

History 2RR3 U.S. History since The Civil War Olga Perkovic Liaison Librarian Mills Research Help 2nd floor - ext. 22533 Need Help? MSN us at! Fall 2007 #12;History 2RR3: U.S. History Since the Civil War Session Outline 1. PART 1: The Historical New York Times 2. PART 2: America

Haykin, Simon


History Major and Minor  

E-print Network

History Major and Minor Revised: 02/2012 "Not to know what happened before you products of history. Imagine waking up one morning without any memory. How would you function in society? Even more importantly, how would society function if everyone's memory vanished? Students of history

Jiang, Huiqiang


History without Time Buffon's Natural History as a Nonmathematical  

E-print Network

History without Time Buffon's Natural History as a Nonmathematical Physique By Thierry Hoquet* ABSTRACT While "natural history" is practically synonymous with the name of Buffon, the term itself has of time in Buffon. Instead, this study examines the nontemporal meanings of the word "history" within

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


California History Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Historical Society's Website presents accessible, interesting, and well-designed scholarly and educational materials relating to California history. One interesting section, The California History Online Timeline, allows users to click on a timeline of images to access material on key events and time periods in California history. These include European exploration, the Spanish Colonial frontier, Mexican California, the Gold Rush, the impact of the railroad, economic growth at the turn of the century, and the Great Depression. Each section features a sidebar outline where visitors can break the exhibit down into its sub-sections to view text and images. For scholars and amateur historians of the state, the Society also offers the complete tables of contents for all the issues of California History from 1922 to 1998. The Society has begun to post full texts of the issues from 1950 to 1993, though this process seems to be in the earliest stages. Finally, the Website features a quarterly newsletter giving information about archived and upcoming exhibits, events around the state celebrating California history, and news about the Society's programs and acquisitions.



History of psychiatry  

PubMed Central

Purpose of review The present review examines recent contributions to the evolving field of historical writing in psychiatry. Recent findings Interest in the history of psychiatry continues to grow, with an increasing emphasis on topics of current interest such as the history of psychopharmacology, electroconvulsive therapy, and the interplay between psychiatry and society. The scope of historical writing in psychiatry as of 2007 is as broad and varied as the discipline itself. Summary More than in other medical specialties such as cardiology or nephrology, treatment and diagnosis in psychiatry are affected by trends in the surrounding culture and society. Studying the history of the discipline provides insights into possible alternatives to the current crop of patent-protected remedies and trend-driven diagnoses. PMID:18852567

Shorter, Edward



Hartford Black History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Hartford Black History Project originated as a single exhibit that was distributed between two host institutions: the Charter Oak Cultural Center and the Connecticut Historical Society. The project is the first comprehensive research on the history of Hartford's Black community between the 17th and 20th centuries and is currently composed of two exhibits -- A Struggle from the Start and the Hartford Studies Project. A Struggle from the Start is a virtual exhibit of the history of Hartford's African-American community from 1638 to the present. The Hartford Studies Project is a digitalized collection of gathered images of the Black experience in Hartford, taken from photographs of the Connecticut State Library (CSL), Connecticut Historical Society (CHS), the Hartford Collection at Hartford Public Library (HPL), and other private collections.


Witness: Black History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The BBC World Service's Witness program offers a unique insight into the American civil rights era, focusing on important events in Black History. This special feature provides thirty-three free and downloadable podcast interviews of individuals that were present during hallmark events in history, such as Martin Luther King's 'I Have a Dream" speech and The Freedom Riders protests. Listeners have the ability to hear a first-hand account of what it was like to attend the first desegregated elementary school, as told by Ruby Bridges, along with several other noteworthy witnesses to history. The podcasts are available indefinitely, and can be accessed via the online website or downloaded for remote listening.



Industrial Design History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created and maintained by a team of scholars at Auburn University, this site "celebrates the determination, audacity and ingenuity of the industrial design profession." It's a great way to learn about the designed world, as described within sections like History Research, Design Stories, Historical Musings, and Resources. The Design Stories area is a great place to start, as it contains oral histories and video-taped interviews with Budd Steinheilber talking about his design for the Tucker automobile and Tom Hardy talking about designing the first IBM PC keyboard. In the History Research area, visitors can read original articles written for the site and also view the Biographies Timeline, which features profiles of designers like Peter Behrens, Walter Gropius, and Helen Dryden. [KMG



Celebrating Women's History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 150th anniversary of the Women's Rights Movement is commemorated with this site by Gale Research. New Jersey Governor Christine Todd Whitman, Astronaut Shannon Lucid, and US Secretary of State Madeleine Albright are just three of the newer additions to the list of over 60 brief biographies. Educators looking for ways to celebrate Women's History Month will find sixteen different activities described for various age groups, including round table discussions, public awareness campaigns, and reading. The Trials section provides background on ten trials of historical significance to women in the United States. Visitors can also test their women's history IQ in a 20-question quiz or scroll through a timeline of key events in women's history.



Characterizing History Independent Data Structures  

E-print Network

Characterizing History Independent Data Structures Jason D. Hartline 1 , Edwin S. Hong 1 history independent data structures as proposed for study by Teague and Naor [2]. In a history independent is available from the abstract data structure. We show that for the most part, strong history independent data

Bustamante, Fabián E.


Characterizing History Independent Data Structures  

E-print Network

Characterizing History Independent Data Structures Jason D. Hartline1 , Edwin S. Hong1 , Alexander history independent data structures as proposed for study by Teague and Naor [2]. In a history independent is available from the abstract data structure. We show that for the most part, strong history independent data

Bustamante, Fabián E.


History of Humanities Associate Editors  

E-print Network

, University of California, Berkeley Sven Dupré, Art and Knowledge, Max Planck Institute for the History European Studies, Columbia University Anthony Grafton, History of Scholarship, Princeton University Art History, University of Heidelberg Rotem Kowner, Japanese History and Culture, The University


National Museum of American History  

E-print Network

National Museum of American History Strategic Plan 2013--2018 #12;Contents Looking Ahead 2 Mission Funding the Plan 12 Coda 15 A Tagline to Remember 16 Milestones 17 Credits 21 Love History. Use History. Make History. #12;Mission Through incomparable collections, rigorous research, and dynamic public

Mathis, Wayne N.


cultural history New perspectives on  

E-print Network

Making cultural history New perspectives on Western heritage Edited by Anna Källén nordic academic-08-26 15:54 #12;7 Making cultural history An introduction Anna Källén & Inga Sanner Cultural history tends academic circumstances, it is not the case with cultural history: much of its strength and analytical


Wilson Institute for Canadian History  

E-print Network

Wilson Institute for Canadian History Fall 2014 Events Wilson Institute for Canadian History Department of History Phone: 905-525-9140 ext. 24270 Chester New Hall 619 Fax: 905-777-8316 1280 Main Street! Sean Mills Department of History, University of Toronto Date: September 25, 2014 Dr. Mills studies post

Haykin, Simon


Kathleen Franz Department of History  

E-print Network

Kathleen Franz Department of History American University 4400 Massachusetts Ave. NW, Washington, DC: American cultural history, 1876-1939, popular culture, the history of technology, material and visual in American Studies, Magna Cum Laude Employment Associate Professor and Director of Public History American

Lansky, Joshua


Andrew Case "American Environmental History"  

E-print Network

Andrew Case History "American Environmental History" Spring 2008 Advisor: William Cronon Classics of Environmental History," American Historical Review 100 (1995): 1177-89. Dunlap, Thomas. Saving America Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth Century World (2000). Nash, Roderick

Wisconsin at Madison, University of


CATHERINE ALLGOR Department of History  

E-print Network

CATHERINE ALLGOR Department of History 1212 HMNSS Building University of California at Riverside.D. in History (with distinction), 1998. Dissertation: "Political Parties: Society and Politics in Washington.Phil. in History (with distinction), 1995 Yale University, M.A. in History, 1994 Mount Holyoke College, A.B. (summa

Lyubomirsky, Ilya


Ancient Mesopotamia: This History, Our History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago houses a world-renowned collection of artifacts from ancient Syria, Israel, Persia, Anatolia, Egypt, Nubia, and Mesopotamia. On this website, visitors can explore some of these artifacts up close while also learning more about the history of this important region. Visitors should first visit "Life in Mesopotamia" to learn more about the cultural importance of the area. Then, they can click on the "Learning Collection", here, visitors can zoom-in on artifacts selected by teachers in order to learn what these artifacts can tell us about ancient Mesopotamia. After browsing the learning collection, visitors should not miss the "Interactives." Here they can view additional artifacts as well as view video clips on various topics including a virtual archaeological dig and how these ancient artifacts are cared for and preserved. In addition, teaching materials are also provided and K-12 teachers can earn graduate credit from an online course also offered here.


History of Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, hosted by the University of California, Los Angeles' Department of Statistics, contains links to documents with information about the history of statistics and statisticians. Topics include the statisticians Bayes, Huygens, Carlyle, Laplace, Legendre, Pascal, Quetelet, de Witt, Simpson, some of their works, and more. The site also offers "other materials" that consist of scholarly articles explaining some of the theories of these great mathematicians. This page is useful because it gives a unique view compared to other sites devoted to mathematics. It is unusual to see an extensive history of mathematics and mathematicians.

Lee, Peter M.



IEEE History Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) History Center functions "to preserve, research and promote the history of information and electrical technologies." There are many resources on the center's Web site that provide an excellent perspective into some of the original breakthroughs in electrical design and the more recent advancements in computer technology. Historical articles and list of frequently asked questions are given on the site, as well as many transcripts of interviews with influential people of the industry. A Milestones section highlights 45 of the most groundbreaking achievements around the world. Every day, a new electrical engineering-related anniversary is presented on the homepage.


Investigating human evolutionary history  

PubMed Central

We rely on fossils for the interpretation of more than 95% of our evolutionary history. Fieldwork resulting in the recovery of fresh fossil evidence is an important component of reconstructing human evolutionary history, but advances can also be made by extracting additional evidence for the existing fossil record, and by improving the methods used to interpret the fossil evidence. This review shows how information from imaging and dental microstructure has contributed to improving our understanding of the hominin fossil record. It also surveys recent advances in the use of the fossil record for phylogenetic inference. PMID:10999269




History of Prime Numbers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The School of Mathematics and Statistics at the University of St Andrews, Scotland has developed an extensive collection of articles on the history of mathematics (See also NSDL Scout Report for Math, Engineering, and Technology, June 4, 2004). This article, written by J J O'Connor and E F Robertson, reviews the history of Prime Numbers. The article includes hyperlinks to topics addressed further in other sections of the website. For example, from this website visitors can also find articles on Pythagoras and Euclid.


Seacoast, NH Black History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

African Americans have been part of the New Hampshire scene since 1645. This site, provided by, tells their story in that state, and specifically, in Portsmouth. Included is information about the making of an obscure though controversial film, Lost Boundaries, in 1949, an interview with University of New Hampshire Professor Jeff Bolster about African American mariners, a short history titled "First Blacks of Portsmouth," a brief oral history of five long-time Portsmouth residents, and the story of Prince Whipple, who appears in Emanuel Leutze's famous painting Washington Crossing the Delaware.


Paleomap Project Earth History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the Earth History segment of the Paleomap Project is to illustrate global plate tectonic development, as well as the changing configuration of landmasses and seas during the past 1100 million years. An array of colorful paleogeographic maps for geologically significant periods of earth's history is provided. Each paleogeographic map displays the reconstructed positions of modern continental coastlines, shelf margins, major tectonic boundaries, active plate boundaries and seafloor spreading isochrones. The maps also include a short discussion indicating important geologic features and events for each period.

Christopher Scotese


Michael Johnson Oral History  

E-print Network

support groups or whatever like that and then it just turned into, Well there's Michael Johnson January 4, 2009 5 Under the Rainbow: Oral Histories of GLBTIQ People in Kansas porn online too. (laugh) So it's like—it's like you just kind... stepmother had found my Xanga site as well. Along with that she had found, on his computer, links to porn site—like gay porn Michael Johnson January 4, 2009 7 Under the Rainbow: Oral Histories of GLBTIQ People in Kansas sites, right...

Johnson, Michael; Albin, Tami



History of Economic Thought  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The History of Economic Thought site was developed by Goncalo L. Fonseca, John Hopkins University, and Leanne J. Ussher, New School for Social Research. The core of the site consists of short biographical sketches and bibliographies of more than 300 economists from the 17th century to the present. These economists can be accessed through an alphabetical index or via schools of thought. In addition, the site provides surveys on value theory, capital theory, growth theory, monetary theory, and business cycle theory as an introduction to the History of Economic Thought for new users.

Fanseco, Gonzalo L.


Black History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Gale Research, publisher of many library reference resources, provides this site in celebration of Black History Month, as well as to increase awareness of the related reference resources it supplies. The focal point of the site is the biography section, featuring thumbnail sketches of 60 prominent African-American men and women derived from the African American Almanac. A briefly annotated timeline highlights relevant events from 1619 to the present. Another section features content summaries of 35 works taken from The Schomburg Center Guide to Black Literature. Daily quizzes and selected educational activities from the Black History Month Resource Book round out the site.



Aesthetics and History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Illustrates the presence of aesthetic experience in written history by comparing textbook presentations of the United States' 1812 offensive against Canada. The aesthetic dimension of human development is universal. Teachers' responsibility is to consider the aesthetic quality of school experiences they bring about and extend students' range of…

Foshay, Arthur W.



Earth System History Announcements  

E-print Network

components are in this picture? #12;Rock Cycle ­ relationships in the field How can intrusive relationships#12;Earth System History GEOL 1020 [3] Announcements More about ages and origins of rocks;Xenolith (Gr. "foreign rock"). The was captured within the grey rock around it, so it must be OLDER

Mojzsis, Stephen J.


DHQ Database Revision History

The following details all additions and revisions made to the DHQ nutrient and food database. This revision history is provided as a reference for investigators who may have performed analyses with a previous release of the database. The contents of the current database are listed in Nutrient and Dietary Constituents and Pyramid Food Groups.


Mathematics and history  

Microsoft Academic Search

I begin with a caricature---indeed, a travesty--of the typical history of mathematics textbook. This caricature will draw attention to some of the philosophical presuppositions which often underlie these books. I shall then discuss alternatives to these presuppositions. Mathematics epitomises Reason. It began in Egypt and Mesopotamia. However, it really began in Greece, because that is where pure mathematics began, and

W. S. Anglin



Narrative History and Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While narrative history has been the prevailing mode in historical scholarship, its preeminence has not gone unquestioned. In the 1980s, the role of narrative in historical writing was "the subject of extraordinarily intense debate." The historical backdrop of this debate can be traced to the preceding two decades, when four groups of thinkers…

Tamura, Eileen H.



History, Theory, and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author discusses the question of theory as it may pertain to the history of education, with particular attention to the United States. Historians, like everyone else, have little choice regarding the use of theory; to one extent or another they must. The question is how much and to what end. The author aims to consider the…

Rury, John L.



Zebra Mussel Life History  

Microsoft Academic Search

The success of introduced zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas) and Dreissena bugensis Andrusova) can be related in large part to a life history that is unlike that of the indigenous freshwater fauna and yet is conserved with marine bivalves. Following external fertilization and embryological development, there is a brief trochophore stage. With the development of a velum and the secretion

Josef Daniel Ackerman


History Comes Alive.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter describes the development of a set of programs called "History Comes Alive," a series of historical simulations and interactive experiences for students at heritage sites in Ontario. The programs allow students from Ontario and New York to relive the past by spending 3 days and 2 nights in a simulated historical setting. In addition…

Shultz, Gary


National History. Grade 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This textbook is the last in the national history series developed by the Ministry of Education in Saigon and used in all public schools in Vietnam. The three books in this series have been reprinted in their entirety from the original editions for use in elementary schools in the United States which have Vietnamese students. The grade 4 text…

Pham-Van-Trong; Pham-Thi Ngoc-Dung


Life History and Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article uses the life history method to chronicle the challenges of a low-income, first-generation student en route to college. The paper addresses three questions: how Manuel navigates college and related topics such as roommates, family, and money; how he creates social networks; and how he works with adults such as teachers and…

Tierney, William G.



Earth System History Announcements  

E-print Network

Natural Selection." --Charles Darwin from The Origin of Species #12;In his time, Darwin and others didEarth System History GEOL 1020 [17] Announcements Evolution and the fossil record - continued culture" High variability "multi culture" Population "B" P T W F #12;Evolution is not only change

Mojzsis, Stephen J.


Marconi's history [radiocommunication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The roots of the future are in the past. This paper remembers the main events of the history of radio, events in which Guglielmo Marconi gave his fundamental contribution to the development of the new system of communication. This paper covers the period from the first transmission at Villa Griffone, near Bologna (Italy), in 1895, to the transmission across the

G. C. Corazza



Shakespeare: histories and nations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shakespeare s history plays have been taken as a grand epic of the English nation, especially in the period after World War II when they were performed in marathon cycles in the English theatre. As a group, these works investigate and question the meaning of authority, kingship, and nation in an unparalleled way. Shakespeare is the world s most popular




Collecting women's reproductive histories.  


The importance of women's reproductive histories for scientific questions mandates rigor in collecting data. Unfortunately, few studies say much about how histories were constructed and validated. The aim of this report, therefore, is to illustrate the elements of a rigorous system of data collection. It focuses particularly on potential sources of inaccuracy in collecting reproductive histories and on options for avoiding them and evaluating the results. A few studies are exemplary in their description of methods of data collection and evaluation of data quality because they clearly address the main issues of ascertaining whether or not an event occurred and, if so, its timing. Fundamental variables such as chronological age, live birth, or marriage may have different meanings in different cultures or communities. Techniques start with asking the appropriate people meaningful questions that they can and will answer, in suitable settings, about themselves and others. Good community relations and well-trained, aware interviewers who check and cross-check, are fundamental. A range of techniques estimate age, date events, and optimize the value of imperfect data. Robust data collection procedures rely on skillful and knowledgeable interviewing. Reliability can be improved, evaluated and explained. Researchers can plan to implement robust data collection procedures and should assess their data for the scientific community to raise confidence in reproductive history data. PMID:24665016

Beall, Cynthia M; Leslie, Paul W



Country background Forest history  

E-print Network

33 Country background Forest history During the Gallo-Roman period (1st­4th century AD), forests this proportion decreased dramatically to only 15­17 % of the land area. This residual forest was then severely Colbert's Forest Ordinance was instituted in 1669 a gradual restoration took place. High forests produced

Paris-Sud XI, Université de


Making Invisible Histories Visible  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article features Omaha Public Schools' "Making Invisible Histories Visible" program, or MIHV. Omaha's schools have a low failure rate among 8th graders but a high one among high school freshmen. MIHV was created to help at-risk students "adjust to the increased demands of high school." By working alongside teachers and mentors, the program's…

Hanssen, Ana Maria



Black History Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author argues in this speech that one cannot expect students in the school system to know and understand the genius of Black history if the curriculum is Eurocentric, which is a residue of racism. He states that his comments are designed for the enlightenment of those who suffer from a school system that "hypocritically manipulates Black…

Noldon, Carl



The Holocaust and History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This theme based journal issue consists of articles and teaching ideas focusing on the Holocaust and history. This publication contains the following materials: (1) "Multiple Perspectives on the Holocaust?" (Alan Singer); (2) "Responses to 'Multiple Perspectives on the Holocaust'"; (3) "Escape to Cuba: Story of Laura Kahn, a Holocaust Survivor"…

Singer, Alan, Ed.



Brazilian History through Journalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of the beginnings of the newspaper in Brazil with information on the more significant titles and their role in the history of journalism and their impact on social change that occurred between the Imperial and Republican periods. Current collections at the National Library and legal deposit are discussed. It…

Zaher, Celia Ribeiro; Varella, Maria Angelica


Hands-On History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper asserts that interactive exhibits are more than just hands-on activities but utilize a range of techniques. The variety of techniques is explained with examples of various types of exhibits to involve the visitor in learning more about the exhibit. The paper presents several examples that strike a balance between educating in history

Eldridge, Rachel M.


FCC History of Communications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has initiated this history project in an effort to raise public awareness of "the extent to which every area of their life is intertwined with the communications technologies the FCC has responsibility to regulate." Aside from the commonly known FCC regulations regarding television and regulating interstate and international communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable, the FCC authorization rules also protect individuals when we use a variety of other electrical and electronic equipment. Previous exhibits, available still online, have focused on the technological history of television and the pioneers who developed radio's core technologies, which focus on public safety, business, and personal communication aspects of radio. The current exhibit highlights aspects of the more recent history of the Internet. Through these exhibits, "the FCC hopes to inform and, possibly, inspire with a few reminders of the great achievements that made television, radio and the Internet as we know them today possible." Additional resources available here include a history of Communications Laws; Early Government Documents About Telephone, Telegraph, and Broadcasting; and Radio Service Bulletins.


NSDL National Science Digital Library

Launched by the Harvard Film Study Center on February 4, is an experimental interactive site that invites users to piece together the life and world of an "ordinary" person in the past. The person in question is eighteenth-century midwife and healer Martha Ballard, whose diary was the basis for both a Pulitzer Prize winning book and the PBS film A Midwife's Tale. The site features thousands of pages of original documents -- including diaries, letters, maps, court records, town records, account books, and medical texts -- offered as both page images in their original format and in transcription. Also included is a searchable online version of Ballard's entire 27-year diary. Two interactive and in-depth examples ("Martha Ballard and 'Man-Midwife'" and "One Rape. Two Stories.") demonstrate how to "do history," making sense of original documents, building a tale around them, and answering the questions that they raise. Students and other users motivated by these interesting examples can then consult the On Your Own section for some tools, tips, and other resources for their own historical research. Finally, the site offers behind the scenes looks at the book and movie, A Midwife's Tale. While DoHistory is especially useful for students, anyone with an interest in history and the research process will be both entertained and educated by the site.


A Biospheric Natural History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of Maine birdwatchers recognizes that the presence or absence of migrating songbirds is related to complex biospheric patterns. For schoolchildren, community groups, and environmental scientists, such local natural history observations can be a pathway to perceiving and understanding global ecological change and then to developing…

Thomashow, Mitchell



Current Labor History Periodicals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based on the holdings of the Arbejderbevaegelsens Bibliotek og Arkiv, Copenhagen, with additions from IALHI members, this site contains a list of print yearbooks and journals (spanning nineteen countries) that publish results of scholarly work on Labor History. Entries may contain editorial and publication addresses, International Standard Serial or Book numbers (ISSN or ISBN) and subscription prices.



Diet History Questionnaire

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH Diet History Questionnaire Today's date: MONTH DAY YEAR |___|___| 0 0 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 5 6 7 8 01 Jan 02 Feb 03 Mar 04 Apr 05 May 06 Jun 07 Jul 08 Aug 09 Sep 10 Oct 11 Nov 12


Malthus and colonial history  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is rarely recognised—either by scholars of Australian history or of Thomas Robert Malthus—that the famous political economist wrote about New South Wales and Van Diemen's Land in later editions of Essay on the Principle of Population. This occasional lecture examines just what he said about Aboriginal people in 1803, at a time when native people and their land was

Alison Bashford



History of Money  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This brief article describes the development of money used for commerce from the ancient practice of bartering and commodity trading to the present day's use of coinage and bank notes. The origins of minting coins and the functions of banks are also discussed. Links to other sources on money history are included.

Jenni Back, Liz Pumfrey



Picturing Iowa's History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue focuses on how advancements in photography affected Iowans and the pictures they took of their communities. Five famous and not so famous photographers who have taken pictures of Iowa's history are featured: (1) John Plumbe, Jr.; (2) Isaac A. Wetherby; (3) D. C. Hale; (4) Duluth Pieper; and (5) E. M. Clark. Instructions for making…

Ruth, Amy, Ed.



The Tornado History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Tornado History Project is a searchable, sortable database of tornado statistics based on official Storm Prediction Center (SPC) tornado records since 1950. Results of your search can be viewed in the form of raw data or on a Google Map. Plus, users can leave comments/share memories of any tornado in the database.

Lietz, Joshua


Utah State History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Utah State History website casts a broad net when they note that their mission is "to preserve and share the past for a better present and future." As a division of Utah's Department of Community and Culture, they reach out to the public through the work of this site and other entities, including the Utah State Historical Society. On their homepage, visitors will note that the site is divided into six primary sections, including "Program Areas", "Learning & Research", and "Experience History". The "Experience History" area is a good place to start, and visitors can learn about their preservation efforts and also learn about some of Utah's key historic sites. Moving on, the "Learning and Research" area provides timelines of Utah's history, access to a large online archive of photographs, and information on locating cemetery records in the state. Finally, the "Program Areas" section features information about their research center and the Utah State Historical Society and their featured publication, the Utah Historical Quarterly.


History in Present Tense.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Eschewing Little Mermaid and Ninja Turtle costumes, students at a Washington Montessori school celebrate Halloween dressed as John Adams, Clara Barton, and other historical figures. U.S. Department of Education recently recognized eight schools for using interdisciplinary approaches, devoting adequate instructional time to history, and addressing…

Zakrewsky, Jackie



[History of pelvic prolapse].  


The history of pelvic prolapse back to the era of the pharaohs, about 1500 years before Christ. Hippocrates practiced succussion. Grenades, pieces of soaked linen were used as pessaries.Over the centuries, the eolution in understanding of this female pathology led to different treatment modalities, some of which we can currently seem strange. PMID:23673698

Ziouziou, I; Zizi, M; Bennani, H; Karmouni, T; El Khader, K; Koutani, A; Iben Attya Andaloussi, A



The Oregon History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Oregon History Project is an online educational resource designed both for the general public and for students and educators to explore the history of Oregon through primary and secondary documents, photographs, and other ephemera. The site is divided into three main sections. The first, This Land: Oregon, is a narrative overview of Oregon's history, written and compiled by Professor William G. Robbins of Oregon State University. This narrative history is divided into seven broad thematic areas, each containing a number of brief essays on themes ranging from Native American contact with settlers to the nature of the rural-urban interaction in the state. The second section, the Learning Center, contains site guides for teachers and students, a teacher's guide, several interpretive essays, and lesson plans for elementary and middle school classrooms. The site concludes with a section devoted to historical documents, where visitors can browse through 102 items, ranging from a photograph of workers along the Bonneville Dam and a drawing of Fort Vancouver from 1845.



History of Biology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the history of biology in the United States by considering: (1) general trends about the nature of American biology; (2) sources of information; (3) biographies; (4) biological institutions; and (5) disciplinary studies. Indicates that the field is dominated by internalists who focus on particular persons and topics. (JN)

Maienschein, Jane



History of Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development of chemistry in the United States by considering: (1) chemistry as an evolving body of ideas/techniques, and as a set of conceptual resources affecting and affected by the development of other sciences; and (2) chemistry related to the history of American social and economic institutions and practices. (JN)

Servos, John W.



Mississippi History Now  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Mississippi Historical Society produces the online publication, "Mississippi History Now", to "encourage interest in the history of Mississippi." On this site, visitors will also find lesson plans for teachers seeking to bring Mississippi's history to younger generations. On the homepage, visitors can check out the current issue's feature, about Senator Pat Harrison, or the previous issue's feature on the Vietnamese in Mississippi. The feature on the Vietnamese explains how a Vietnamese population ended up in Mississippi, how their population is currently faring, and problems they have encountered. Visitors can go to the link for the lesson plan at the end of the feature, and they will be able to choose a plan suitable for grades seven through twelve. The "Archived Features" can be accessed when visitors click on the magnifying glass in the left hand corner of the homepage. The features can be viewed by categories, such as "19th Century Mississippi", "Black History", and "Mississippi Constitutions" or by alphabetical title of the feature, such as "Catfish Farming in Mississippi", "Cotton and the Civil War", and "Flood of 1927".


Understanding World Economic History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One joy of studying history is discovering people living meaningful lives and behaving in unusual ways that are startling to the modern reader--young or old. Why did pre-modern people living hundreds or even thousands of years ago do things so differently than we do? Robert Whaples states that Economic historians conclude that the key difference…

Whaples, Robert



Social Studies: Local History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary and secondary school teachers interested in developing a local history unit can adapt this fourth grade program created for three school districts in Cortland County, New York. Material is divided into 13 chapters. Chapter 1 charts the New York fourth grade curriculum by concept and content and outlines specific community study…

Kressler, Joe, Comp.


Teaching Oral History Techniques.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains the audiotape recorder is an invaluable tool for the local historian. Outlines interviewing techniques, questioning skills, and audiotape recorder use instructions. Provides suggestions for preparing students for an oral history project. Discusses second interviews and how to utilize the tape after the interview. (RW)

Ahren, John



Gallon's ``Life History Album''  

Microsoft Academic Search

IN 1902 the second edition of ``The Life History Album'', by the late Sir Francis Galton, was published by Messrs. Macmillan and Co. Ltd. This album contains blank tables and squared paper by means of which to record the physical and mental development of `children' from the ages of 0 to 100 years. I have kept (and am continuing) such

A. S. E. Ackermann



THERESA RUNSTEDTLER History Department  

E-print Network

. (University of Minnesota Press, 2013). "White Anglo-Saxon Hopes and Black Americans' Atlantic Dreams: Jack: Reconceptualizations of the African Diaspora, Radical History Review no. 103 (Winter 2009): 59-81. #12;Theresa and the deep white sea': Black Canada's Case of Diasporic Dys-funk-tion," Canadian Issues (Fall 2005). Reviews

Carlini, David


Querying Shapes of Histories  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a shape definition language, called SDC, for retrieving objects based on shapes contained in the histories associated with these objects. It is a small, yet powerful, language that allows a rich variety of queries about the shapes found in historical time sequences. An interesting feature of SDC is its ability to perform blurry matching. A \\

Rakesh Agrawal; Giuseppe Psaila; Edward L. Wimmers; Mohamed Zaďt



NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Department of Art History  

E-print Network

AH_430 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Department of Art History STUDIES IN RENAISSANCE ART early modern history and art history, cultural and material history, the history of science and recent historiography of transcultural encounters between European states, the Ottoman Empire, the Mughal


Airline History: The History of Commercial Aviation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed and maintained by Sarah Ward, a former commercial pilot, this site offers essays about almost every major airline, both contemporary and historical. A complete alphabetical list runs from the ABA Swedish Air Lines all the way to ZAS Airline of Egypt. Each profile gives details about the types of planes used by each airline; what type of business they conducted (and where); and numerous photographs of the planes, many taken by Ms. Ward. Along with the airline profiles, another section of the site titled Aircraft by Decade offers basic statistics about different plane models and types introduced during every decade of the 20th century. Special features of the site include a photographic tribute to the planes that travelers might have seen as they traversed through London's airports in the 1960s, 1970s, and 1980s. Ms. Ward has taken a great deal of care in compiling the material on the site (along with the help of contributors), and the material here will be a joy for aviation fans and visitors interested in knowing a bit more about the history of different airlines.



Troubling Histories and Theories: Gender and the History of Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses gender influences and ways that history and theory have interacted in influencing women's contribution and recognition in educational history. Focuses on several historians' views and how some have eventually written women back into the historical picture of education. (KDR)

Goodman, Joyce



The History of CAD  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Have you ever wondered how the world of Computer Aided Drafting evolved? Perhaps you wonder how images and designs were dealt with before using computers? According to this website, �CAD has fundamentally changed the way design is done.� Marian Bozdoc, an Australian CAD and Computer Design consulting firm has compiled information about the history of CAD, tracing the advantages and improvements in CAD from before 1970 to the present. The resources are arranged by date in a timeline format, making it easy to compare the progress of CAD over time. Also included on this site is a computing history timeline which follows the same format as the CAD version.

Bozdoc, Marian



History of autostereoscopic cinema  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper covers the history of autostereoscopic cinema, from the beginnings of autostereoscopy in the 1800s, the development of motion capability and it's subsequent evolution to present techniques. Public viewings of autostereoscopic movies have occurred on a semi-ongoing basis since the early 1940s. In Moscow and other cities, theaters were constructed called stereokinos, for showing autostereoscopic films, with specially positioned seating for proper viewing. The Cyclostéréoscope was an autostereoscopic cinema system invented by François Savoye in France. It was based around a drum made of metal bars that revolve around a screen. For several years in the 1940s and 1950s, it was open to the public in Paris. Any film made in a dual film format could be shown. Besides dedicated theaters in Russia and France, exhibits of content have occurred outside devoted theaters. The paper focuses on the history of autostereoscopic technology developed for entertainment, public viewing of content, the individuals involved and the content itself.

Funk, Walter



Stress and life history.  


In his book on behavioural endocrinology, Randy Nelson describes 'stress' as a 'notoriously ethereal concept'. Yet, despite this lack of clarity, studies of the consequences of stress across different time scales, life history stages, taxa and levels of biological enquiry form a large part of modern biology and biomedicine. Organisms need to recognise and respond to environmental challenges. Being able to do so appropriately, and with minimal costs, is an important physiological attribute, with great adaptive value. The costs and benefits of different mechanisms that enable organisms to cope with unpredictable environmental changes can be manifest to different degrees at different life stages. Accordingly, the level of stress experienced in the environment can act as a strong selective pressure that drives the evolution of life histories. PMID:24845673

Monaghan, Pat; Spencer, Karen A



History of Mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A broad collection of mathematical bibliographies and links to pages explaining important concepts. One highlighted feature is a link to Euclid's 'Elements', which contains all 13 books and illustrated figures. Another interesting attribute is a link to the famous 1900 speech of David Hilbert, a leading twentieth century mathematician, in which he addressed the International Congress of Mathematicians in Paris and described 23 important mathematical problems. A history of mathematics by region gives bibliographies, and sometimes maps and chronologies for Babylonia, Egypt, China, Greece, India, the Arab sphere, Japan, and Europe. Bibliographies and some web links are provided for the subjects of numerals and counting, algebra, geometry, arithmetic and number theory, mathematical analysis, and probability and statistics. Lists of books and other non-internet resources, such as organizations devoted to the history of mathematics, journals, and catalogs are also listed.


Korean History: A Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Kenneth Robinson and provided by the Center for Korean Studies at the University of Hawaii, this comprehensive bibliography is offered as an update and supplement to the 1980 annotated bibliography Studies on Korea: A Scholar's Guide. Robinson's bibliography includes his earlier Korean War bibliography (see the November 5, 1999 Scout Report), as well as covering early modern Korean history, the nineteenth century, modern history of the North and South into the 1960s, economics, literature, the Korean diaspora, law, women, demography, education, and music, among others. An excellent resource for students and scholars alike, the bibliography is easily navigated via a table of contents or menu buttons on the left-hand side of the browser window.


History On-Line  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new site from the Institute of Historical Research (IHR) and the ROADS Project is an important resource for historians, especially those working in the UK or studying Britain. Essentially a database of some 30,000 records, searchable categories at the site include: books, journals, and articles published in the UK (some with abstracts); higher education History teachers in the UK; history theses completed in the UK since 1900 as well as theses in progress; and seminars and conferences held at the IHR. Users can also search selected databases by historical theme, place, or period using the Institute's Classification scheme page. The site would benefit immensely from browsing capability and more precision in the current search engines. Also, several databases overlap that are presented as distinct entities. However, the site still has considerable potential as a tool for research and professional communication.


Illinois Natural History Survey  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign is responsible for the Illinois Natural History Survey (INHS), whose mission is "to investigate and document the biological resources of Illinois...and to acquire and provide natural history promote the common understanding, conservation, and management of these resources." Along the top of the page visitors can find headings that include "Research", "Data", "Publications", and "Events". The "Research" portion of the website includes seven areas of research from which to choose including "Entomology", "Invasive Species", "Wildlife Ecology", and "Human Interactions". The "Data" section provides ecological monitoring data, GIS data, a clearinghouse of wildlife ecology software, and collection databases which allow visitors to search for specimens of plants and animals. The "Publications" include educational materials, annual reports, manuals, a bulletin, and a circular. For those interested in events at the INHS, the "Events" link provides a nice calendar of upcoming seminars.


Fort Collins History Connection  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This digital collection tells the fabulous story of the Fort Collins area through photographs, artifacts, maps, books, and much more. The project came to fruition via a collaboration between the Fort Collins Museum of Discovery and the Poudre River Public Library District. On the site, visitors can make their way through the Research Collections, which are a great place to start. Here they will find over 100 city business directories from 1902 to 2005, archival photos of historic structures, biographies of prominent citizens, and a timeline of key events in the city's history. The Online Exhibits area contains curious and revealing anecdotes from newspaper articles and oral histories of the city as well as a photographic tour of historic banks scattered throughout town. The site is rounded out by an area designed specifically for students that features quick facts and profiles of the city's ethnic groups.


Maritime History of Massachusetts  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From Newburyport all the way to New Bedford, Massachusetts has many places steeped in a rich and interesting maritime past. Recently, the National Park Service's National Register of Historic Places and Maritime Heritage Program created this interactive guide to the maritime history of the Bay State. The site spares no punches, as it opens with a lovely photograph of the Boston Light Station on Little Brewster Island, complete with some very appropriate sound effects. Visitors can explore the sites through a series of interactive maps and then read four essays that deal with maritime commerce, shipbuilding, the U.S. Navy, and lighthouses and lifesaving stations. For each site, visitors can read a brief history and learn more about visiting each destination. It's a great way to learn about this particular part of the United States, and it could serve as the inspiration for a nice vacation as well.


The History of Vaccines  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by The College of Physicians of Philadelphia, The History of Vaccines website is designed "to provide a living, changing chronicle of the compelling history of vaccination, from pre-Jennerian variolation practices, to the defeat of polio in the Western Hemisphere." It is truly a remarkable website, and along with learning about variolation practices, visitors can look through interactive timelines, watch video profiles of scholars who work on vaccination techniques, and also read articles on the future of immunization. On the homepage, visitors can take short quizzes, read recent posts from their blog, and explore their gallery of images. The "Articles" area contains pieces such as "Top 20 Questions about Vaccination" and other works designed to be used in the classroom. The site also contains a glossary of terms and a place to sign up for email updates.



NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by Britain's Virtual Teacher Centre (and underwritten by the National Grid For Learning), HistoryWorld contains over 400 separate historical articles and approximately 4000 events within its unique database. Visitors may begin by looking through the World History section, where it is possible to take any number of "tours through time," which essentially display a complete succession of events around a given theme, such as religion, science, or architecture. Students looking for a brief overview regarding any number of subjects may want to take a look at the article section which contains articles on various historical themes organized by region, contributor (in this case, the contributing agency or museum), and category. Definitely the most engaging feature of the site is the Whizz Quizz, an online game where visitors can pit their historical knowledge against other competitors. The fastest contestant is subsequently featured on their homepage as Whizzard of the Hour, and no doubt, numerous accolades may also follow!


Wisconsin Magazine of History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It is certainly not uncommon for state historical societies to have publications dedicated to promulgating their stateâÂÂs various historical eras, events, and happenstances. Wisconsin is no exception to this rule, and the Wisconsin Magazine of History (published under the direction of the Wisconsin Historical Society) is quite a joy to examine, both online and in print. First published in 1917, the magazine was significantly redesigned in 2000, and continues to publish a wide variety of articles on the stateâÂÂs history. On this site, visitors can browse all of the issues since 2000, and also take a look at some favorites from the editors. Some of these articles include âÂÂA Winter in Wisconsinâ by Francis Hackett and an account of early motoring throughout the state by Dorothy V. Walters titled âÂÂDevil-Wagon DaysâÂÂ.


The History of Lodging  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of the American Hotel and Lodging Association�s website, the History of Lodging is among the fun, informative tools provided by the association. The History of Lodging highlights major changes in the hotel industry throughout the 20th century and into the modern years. Another tool, the Lodging Industry Profile, provides hospitality students and the general public alike with factual information about the hospitality and hotel industry. For instance, �travelers in the U.S. spend� $16,000 a second.� To find other great information and statistics, the American Hotel and Lodging Association is a great starting point.



The History of Engineering  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Engineering is everywhere in life, but rarely are the origins of this profession ever discussed. This website, created by Engineering Technology Pathways, traces the roots of engineering back to ancient civilizations. Things such as the building of the pyramids, engineering during the industrial revolution and even military engineering during the American Revolution are featured in this presentation. The author, Greg Heitkamp, divides the timeline in four majors periods, they are: the pre-scientific revolution, the industrial revolution, the second industrial revolution, and finally the information age. In the end, there is a brief quiz to test the knowledge gained through this history lesson. Overall, this is a good activity as it introduces students to the lesser known history of the field of engineering.

Heitkamp, Greg


Teaching History With Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website offers a host of resources to "help K-12 history and social studies teachers incorporate technology effectively into their courses." As there is so much to consider on this website, visitors should check out the "Getting Started" link at the top of the menu on the left hand side of the homepage. There visitors will find the reasons to teach with technology, tips on how to get started, and the connection between technology use and higher academic achievement. "Virtual Tours", near the bottom of the left hand menu, gives ideas for using virtual tours when actual field trips are too costly or would be impractical due to location. There are more than 20 links given to institutions that have virtual tours, with a description of what the tours explore. The tours include trips through art museums, history museums, a medieval village, and Ancient Rome.


Today in History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Professor Steven Berg of Schoolcraft College has been working with his students to create this well-thought-out and interesting website. The purpose of the site is to focus on "only one event each day which is put in a socio-cultural context." Each day, the site features a new brief on a notable historical event such as the feast of Saint Pope Mark or the opening of the celebrated Moulin Rouge cabaret in Paris. While the quality of the student contributions varies (it is, after all, a blog rather than scholarly writing), the mission of the site makes it inspiring for others looking to enlist students in contextualizing and writing about history. In addition, Berg welcomes contributions from outside parties, so those in college settings may wish to inquire further. It's fun to look through the entries and see what students have profiled so far, and it's a nice way to learn about various intriguing events in human history.



Sequence History Update Tool  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Sequence History Update Tool performs Web-based sequence statistics archiving for Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO). Using a single UNIX command, the software takes advantage of sequencing conventions to automatically extract the needed statistics from multiple files. This information is then used to populate a PHP database, which is then seamlessly formatted into a dynamic Web page. This tool replaces a previous tedious and error-prone process of manually editing HTML code to construct a Web-based table. Because the tool manages all of the statistics gathering and file delivery to and from multiple data sources spread across multiple servers, there is also a considerable time and effort savings. With the use of The Sequence History Update Tool what previously took minutes is now done in less than 30 seconds, and now provides a more accurate archival record of the sequence commanding for MRO.

Khanampompan, Teerapat; Gladden, Roy; Fisher, Forest; DelGuercio, Chris



History of Oriental Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This volume deals specifically with recent original research in the history of Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Islamic, and Indian astronomy. It strikes a balance between landmarks of history of Ancient and Medieval Astronomy in the Orient on one hand, and on the other the transmission of the European Astronomy into the countries of the Orient. Most contributions are based on research by the experts in this field. The book also indicates the status of astronomy research in non-European cultural areas of the world. The book is especially of interest to historians of astronomy and science, and students of cultural heritage. Link:

Ansari, S. M. Razaullah



Canada's History-Magazine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Looking for a bit of Canadian history? The magazine "Canada's History" is a good place to start, and they have recently launched a new version of their website. First-time visitors will note that the website features sections that include "Trading Post", "Online Extension", and "Album". The "Trading Post" area features pieces on the Hudson's Bay Company culled from its own in-house magazine, "The Beaver". Here visitors will learn about Inuit art, Cree moccasins, and Fort Garry tea. In the "Online Extension" area, visitors can view rich multimedia features on marine archaeology in Nunavut and the prominent artist Aba Bayefsky. Finally, the "Album" area features photos submitted by readers from their own personal collections, complete with annotations and explanations of their importance.


Indiana Magazine of History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you're looking to get "back home again in Indiana" via the state's interesting and compelling history, this is a great way to do it. The Indiana Magazine of History has been published continuously since 1905 and is based at the Indiana University, Bloomington campus. This digital archive of past issues was made possible by a grant from the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). Visitors can browse all of the issues back to 1905, and the search engine on the homepage makes it easy to look for certain areas of interest, including the Amish, Indianapolis, and highways. The volumes from the 1960s have some great articles. Visitors would do well to look over those articles published in 1964. Their number includes pieces like "Canalling in the Whitewater Valley" and "Emerson's Lectures in Indianapolis."



Teaching about Colorado and Community History. History Series, Volume 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume is designed to supplement materials teachers have chosen to use in teaching Colorado and community history. The materials are not a complete history of Colorado or a complete textbook; instead, teachers are provided with 14 teaching activities for use in elementary and secondary social studies or history classes. The book is divided…

Smith, Gary R.


Functions of History Education: History Teacher Trainees' Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate history teacher trainees' views and perceptions of the functions of history education. 36 teacher trainees participated in the study. All of the participants were registered to the History Education masters degree (without dissertation), within the Secondary Education Social Sciences discipline at…

Akinoglu, Orhan



Art and Art History 93 Art and Art History  

E-print Network

Art and Art History 93 Art and Art History The School of Humanities Chair Hamid Naficy Professors Sparagana Degrees Offered: B.A., B.F.A. This major offers two tracks of study: one in studio art and one in art history, the latter with concentrations in the Western tradition of European and American art

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca


History 287 History of the World Wars Spring 2013  

E-print Network

1 History 287 ­ History of the World Wars Spring 2013 East Duke Room 204B Wednesdays and Fridays to write on). The first book is Jünger's Storm of Steel (World War I), and the second is Leckie's Helmet's Libraries. 1. Hew Strachan, ed., The Oxford Illustrated History of the First World War (Oxford and New York

McShea, Daniel W.


A quantum of history  

E-print Network

With reference to primary sources it is shown that key claims made regarding the history of the pilot wave theory in Quantum Theory at the Crossroads are not supported by the historical record. It is also argued that the association of de Broglie with just a first-order law of particle motion, and Bohm with a second-order one, has no historical basis.

Peter Holland



A quantum of history  

E-print Network

With reference to primary sources it is shown that key claims made regarding the history of the pilot wave theory in Quantum Theory at the Crossroads are not supported by the historical record. It is also argued that the association of de Broglie with just a first-order law of particle motion, and Bohm with a second-order one, has no historical basis.

Holland, Peter



History of Solar Energy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The California Solar Center offers this history of Solar Energy. Written by John Perlin, author of "From Space to Earth - The Story of Solar Electricity," the article summarizes three major solar energy subjects -- photovoltaics, solar thermal, and passive solar architecture. Visitors can get a quick overview of "how we have learned to capture sunlight and use it to make electricity, heat water and heat our homes."


Paleomap Project Climate History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The goal of the Climate History segment of the Paleomap Project is to illustrate climate change during the past 1100 million years. An array of colorful paleoclimatic maps for important time periods is provided. Each map displays reconstructed positions of modern continental coastlines, dominant regional climates and the datapoints used in map construction. The maps are arranged in order of ascending age and supply a short discussion of important concepts and geologic events.

Christopher, Scotese; Project, Paleomap


Brief History of Syphilis  

PubMed Central

Abstract Before the discovery of Treponema pallidum as the etiologic agent, the origins of syphilis have been the subject of several debates. Diverse therapeutic agents were employed in an attempt to cure the disease. Examining the milestones in the history of syphilis, the present article reviews the existing theories that tried to explain the origins of the disease, the approach in art, the cultural and the evolution of the treatments from the empiric means to the discovery of penicillin. PMID:24653750

Tampa, M; Sarbu, I; Matei, C; Benea, V; Georgescu, SR



American Labor History Bibliography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Compiled by Timothy G. Borden, a graduate student at Indiana University, and reprinted from the Winter 1997 issue of the Organization of American Historians Magazine of History, this manageable and useful bibliography would be a good addition to a reading list or syllabus for an undergraduate level course. The bibliography is organized roughly by chronological and topical concerns and represents some of the leading works in the field of American working-class studies.



[History of sun protection].  


Human behavior towards the sun has changed over the years along with trends. Tan succeeded the white complexion. The sunscreens appeared recently in history. It is lining up with the discovery of bad effects due to prolonged exposure to ultraviolet at the end of the 19th century. Initially, those products had no signs of efficacy on their packaging, then the solar protection factors increased gradually, up to a limit value of 50+ more recently. PMID:21032925

Couteau, Céline; Coiffard, Laurence




NSDL National Science Digital Library

Access to the article is free, however registration and sign-in are required. How do signaling networks within cells communicate with each other in order to respond to a vast array of external stimuli with the correct responses? In their Perspective, Ingolia and Murray discuss a new approach (Bhalla et al.) that elucidates the regulation of the MAPK signaling cascade in cultured cells and how cellular history contributes to this regulation.

Nicholas T. Ingolia (Harvard University; Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology and Bauer Center for Genomics Research)



[History of skin graft].  


Skin graft is the most common and simple procedure to cover superficial defect. Skin of variable thickness and size is completely detached from its origin (donor site) to cover a defect (recipient site). This simple procedure is the result of a long and eventful technical and theoretical evolvement. The aim of this article is to re-trace the history of skin grafting, from its discovery until today. PMID:19939539

Boudana, D; Wolber, A; Coeugniet, E; Martinot-Duquennoy, V; Pellerin, P



Aspirin History and Applications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Of the thousands of drugs and medicines available for the prevention, treatment, and control of human disease and discomfort, the most widely used is aspirin. This article explores the historical development of aspirin and provides teachers with instructional strategies, ideas, and applications for teaching about aspirin in the science classroom. The topic of aspirin serves not only as an interesting history lesson but also an excellent opportunity for science teachers to apply this knowledge to lessons in science and other curricular subjects.

George Hademenos



Exploring Mouse Trap History  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since intelligent design (ID) advocates claimed the ubiquitous mouse trap as an example of systems that cannot have evolved,\\u000a mouse trap history is doubly relevant to studying material culture. On the one hand, debunking ID claims about mouse traps\\u000a and, by implication, also about other irreducibly complex systems has a high educational value. On the other hand, a case study

Joachim L. Dagg


Hidden Histories of Exploration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Columbus, Hudson, Polo, and Stanley, are all names known far and wide to those who hold an interest in the history of exploration. But how about Juan Tepano, Mohammed Jen Jamain, and Nain Singh? The role of these individuals (and many others) from the annals of world history deserves to be better known, and it is quite appropriate that the Royal Geographical Society (RGS) is the one to tell their tales via this website. The site is meant to complement an exhibition at the RGS that highlights "the role of local inhabitants and intermediaries in the history of exploration." Visitors can learn about these persons and the process of exploration by clicking on the "Exhibition" section. From there, visitors will be guided through a series of narrative essays (such as "Local Knowledge" and "European Dependence"), accompanied by historic photographs, drawings, maps, and diary pages. After taking the online exhibition tour, visitors can click on the "Gallery" section to peruse well-illustrated collections like "French Maritime Expeditions" and an eleven-minute film from 1922 titled "Climbing Mount Everest".


Southern Oral History Program  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since the rise of interest in social history in the United States, a number of academics and public citizens have remained committed to preserving the voices and perspectives of everyday people. The Southern Oral History Program (SOHP) at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a rather fine example of such a commitment. Founded in 1973, the SOHP has recorded over 2900 interviews with people from all walks of life, and their website contains a generous sampling of this material. First-time visitors may wish to start by watching "Spoken Memories", which provides a nice introduction to the history and work of SOHP. Afterwards, they can sample some of the online audio archives, or listen to the "Interview of the Month" feature. For those who wish to read as they listen, the interviews are complemented by transcripts in several different file formats. Visitors should also feel welcome to browse through the online finding aid to the SOHP's collection and offer their own feedback or inquiries.


Oral History Online!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Bancroft Library at the University of California-Berkeley has recently begun a project to place portions of its oral history collection online in full text. The transcripts will be marked up in SGML using the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI), which will allow complex searches of the entire text. In addition to the transcripts themselves, the remainder (photos, prefaces, contents pages) of the published volumes will also be encoded to provide complete access. At this stage, the Suffragists Oral History Project, which offers the text of interviews with twelve suffragists and women's activists for searching or browsing, is the only project available online in complete form. Projects under construction include the Disabled Persons Independence Movement and the BioTech Project. Among the future planned additions are oral histories of the Free Speech Movement at Berkeley, the Earl Warren gubernatorial era, and African-American Alumni at the University of California. Historians of California and oral historians will want to monitor the site as it develops.


Dittrick Medical History Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Currently operating as an interdisciplinary study center within the College of Arts and Sciences of Case Western Reserve University, the Dittrick Medical History Center was established as part of the Cleveland Medical Library Association in 1894. First-time visitors will definitely want to begin by looking through the museum's history, and then examine the museum artifacts and galleries, which represent a small sample of their holdings. The artifacts are divided into time periods and include such fascinating medical equipment as bloodletting devices, a phrenology bust, and a defribrillator from 1950. The galleries section allows visitors to take a virtual tour of the rooms within the museum, such as a doctor's office from the 1930s and a replica of a pharmacy from the 1880s. Several online exhibits are also available for perusal, such as one dedicated to Cleveland's brush with a smallpox epidemic in 1902. Utterly fascinating, though not for the squeamish, is the exhibit that details medical school photographs, many of them class photographs around dissection tables, and postcards featuring medical students and cadavers. The site is rounded out with a host of online guides and finding aids that help in using the Center's extensive collections dealing with the history of medicine.



Museum of History & Industry  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded by a band of historically-minded Seattleites in 1911, the Seattle Historical Society would later go on to create The Museum of History & Industry (MOHAI) in 1952. Since that time, MOHAI has been intimately involved with preserving and interpreting various aspects of Pacific Northwest history for both the curious public and scholars. Their website offers a few very nice highlights of some of their collections, including a photograph archive that contains approximately 4000 images. Visitors should also take a look at one of the several dozen oral history transcripts here, which feature discussions with men and women who have been involved in the information technology and manufacturing industries in the region. Those who find themselves in or around Seattle will want to look over the information offered here about visiting the actual museum as well. The site is rounded out by a very fun selection of audio clips, including one of the official theme songs of the 1962 Seattle World's Fair and another audio segment that features Bing Crosby waxing philosophic about his love for his native Washington state.


Quantum histories without contrary inferences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the consistent histories formulation of quantum theory it was shown that it is possible to retrodict contrary properties. We show that this problem do not appear in our formalism of generalized contexts for quantum histories.

Losada, Marcelo; Laura, Roberto



Quantum histories without contrary inferences  

E-print Network

In the consistent histories formulation of quantum theory it was shown that it is possible to retrodict contrary properties. We show that this problem do not appear in our formalism of generalized contexts for quantum histories.

Marcelo Losada; Roberto Laura




E-print Network

BAILEY ART HISTORY SCHOLARSHIP NOMINATION 2014-2015 Please return completed form to Courtney Baron in room C301H by April 15, 2014. The Art History Area nominates____________________________________________ for the Bailey Art Scholarship. ___________________________________________ _______________ Signature of Area

Arnold, Jonathan


Lin Tongqi : an oral history  

E-print Network

In this thesis, I explore the life of Professor Lin Tongqi, a well-known scholar of American Chinese studies, by using an oral history methodology. This oral history is named "Suffering and Thinking," and my goal is to ...

Chen, Xin, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology



Inventing the History of Invention.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Selected are three pioneers who invented the history of technology: Abbott P. Usher, Lewis Mumford, and Sigfried Giedion. Their careers, publications, and contributions to the history of technology are described. (YP)

Molella, Arthur P.



Ethnic Groups in History Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six popular high school American history textbooks are examined to address accusations of overcompensation by textbook publishers as a result of the raised ethnic consciousness of the 1970s. The textbooks are: "Our American Heritage" (Silver Burdett); "The Pageant of American History" (Allyn and Bacon); "A History of Our American Republic"…

Glazer, Nathan; Ueda, Reed


Studying Russian and Soviet History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These essays were written to assist teachers in the task of making Russian history intelligible to young U.S. students. In "An Approach to Russian History," Edward Keenan proposes that students need to gain a better understanding of how Russians perceive themselves and their history. In "Pre-Petrine Russia," Andrzej S. Kaminski focuses on the…

Ascher, Abraham, Ed.


Build Skills by Doing History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No Child Left Behind has profoundly limited the teaching of history over the past 10 years. Now, the Common Core State Standards offers an opportunity to reverse this decline by giving history a more prominent place in the school curriculum alongside literacy goals. Learning history and argumentative writing is key to developing analytical ways of…

Monte-Sano, Chauncey



Recasting History: The Public Option  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If you ask Americans what is studied in history classrooms, many will answer "facts and dates." If you ask them what people can do with a history degree, they answer "teach." Yet those same Americans acknowledge the power and practical relevance of history as they flock to national parks, historic sites, museums, and cultural…

Salerno, Beth



Lesson Study and History Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the experiences of a group of fifth-grade teachers who used lesson study, a teacher-driven form of professional development, to teach history in a project supported by a Teaching American History Grant. The project addressed the following questions: What does a lesson study cycle for history education look like? What…

Halvorsen, Anne-Lise; Kesler Lund, Alisa


274 Art History  

E-print Network Art History #12;Art historians study visual communication. At Carleton, we study visual and globalized society. The Carleton advantage In the Art History program at Carleton University, you will be taught both by professors with a keen understanding of art history and by seasoned museum

Dawson, Jeff W.


The Bibliographic Databases in History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This examination of abstracting-indexing services for the field of history focuses on Historical Abstracts (HA) and America--History and Life (AHL), and their relationship to the American Bibliographical Center's Subject Profile Index (ABC-SPIndex). The history, scope, selection criteria, and classification arrangements of the two databases are…

Falk, Joyce Duncan


Women's History Curriculum Resource Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These resources, designed for recognizing Women's History Week in Vermont elementary and secondary classrooms, are suitable for use nationwide. Oral history materials include recommended strategies for conducting oral history projects, a list of general interview questions, sample questionnaires for interviews concerning women's work and immigrant…

Vermont State Dept. of Education, Montpelier.


Submitting Immunizations and Health History  

E-print Network

Submitting Immunizations and Health History We at the Schiffert Health Center look forward your health status. #12;Immunization History Packet (REQUIRED) To begin, download this form ­ http Assessment Form This Tuberculosis Risk Assessment Form is also included as part of the Immunization History

Buehrer, R. Michael


GRADUATE HANDBOOK Department of History  

E-print Network

GRADUATE HANDBOOK Department of History 2013-2014 #12;#12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction Pg. 3 Programs a. Graduate Bridge Certificate in World History Pg. 22 b. Graduate Certificate in Archival. 33 o. History Graduate Student Association [HGSA] Pg. 34 p. Local Research Libraries and Archives

Berdichevsky, Victor


Cathryn Carson Department of History  

E-print Network

Cathryn Carson Department of History 3229 Dwinelle Hall University of California Berkeley, CA 94720-2550 USA tel 510-642-2701 / 510-642-4581 fax 510-643-5323 / 510-643-5321 e-mail: http://history for History of Science and Technology 2000-2010 Co-Director, Science, Technology, and Society Center 2005

Sekhon, Jasjeet S.


History Type Analysis Christian Skalka  

E-print Network

History Type Analysis Christian Skalka University of Vermont Scott Smith Johns formalize the notion of a history as a sequence of program events produced during program execution the incorporation of histories in evaluation, and present a sound type analysis for statically verifying program

Smith, Scott F.


WTO History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A joint project of the University of Washington's (UW's) Harry Bridges Center for Labor Studies and the University Library, the WTO History Project focuses on the history-making protests of late 1999 in Seattle during the World Trade Organization (WTO) Ministerial meetings. A particularly groovy and educational highlight of this Website is the database of fliers, posters, notes, letters, etc. that the Manuscripts, Special Collections and University Archives Division of the UW Libraries makes Internet-accessible using CONTENTdm, a multimedia database developed at the UW. "CONTENTdm allows users to create customized searches of the collection and for high-quality digital reproductions to be viewed online, enabling some research to be conducted without visiting the collection." Visitors to the WTO History Project Website will also find a timeline of events prior to and during the 1999 protests in Seattle, including locations and sponsors, and a chart of organizations (with contact information) that were vocal in their opposition to the WTO, along with a list of registered WTO meeting attendees (MS Excel). In addition, this site features a page of interview transcripts with words from more than 80 organizers of and participants in the Seattle protests (.pdf). Organizations represented here include the Industrial Workers of the World, People for Fair Trade, the AFL-CIO, and the Sierra Club, to name just a few. This is a fantastic resource for students looking for primary texts dealing with labor and globalization issues or anyone wanting to learn more about the groups and individuals involved in the WTO protests. This site is still being developed, so check back often.



Solar Neutrinos: History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, authored by John Bahcall of the School of Natural Sciences, offers several articles about neutrinos, the neutrino oscillations, and the sun. The page is structured in this fashion: a historical overview of solar models, a theoretical description of solar neutrinos, an experimental description of solar neutrinos, an explanation of how the sun shines, and the evolution of neutrino astronomy. The page links users to pdfs of useful papers concerning these topics. This is a useful resource for those looking for a comprehensive history of solar neutrinos.

Bahcall, John



Route 66 Oral Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The folks at Missouri State University have interviewed a range of business owners along the celebrated Route 66 to tell the amazing story of what life was like living along this American landmark. Visitors can read through interviews with a variety of people, including the long-time owner of the Boots Motel in Carthage, Missouri and Sheldon and Julia Chaney, owner of a popular gas station. It's the type of popular oral history that makes for excellent reading and contemplation. They plan on adding more material in the future, so curious visitors would do well to make return visits to see what's added next.


Climate in Earth history  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Complex atmosphere-ocean-land interactions govern the climate system and its variations. During the course of Earth history, nature has performed a large number of experiments involving climatic change; the geologic record contains much information regarding these experiments. This information should result in an increased understanding of the climate system, including climatic stability and factors that perturb climate. In addition, the paleoclimatic record has been demonstrated to be useful in interpreting the origin of important resources-petroleum, natural gas, coal, phosphate deposits, and many others.

Berger, W. H.; Crowell, J. C.



Today in History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A new and imaginative way to access the Library of Congress' American Memory Collection is through its "Today in History" page. This new feature will provide historical facts related to the current date along with links to materials from the extensive online collections. The first three days highlighted April Fool's Day, General Robert E. Lee's evacuation of Richmond Virginia, and John Burrows, a nature essayist. Previous days' sites will be archived for future reference, with the archive being updated every Friday. The "Yesterday" link allows users to view previous days' entries before the weekly archive update.



Parkfield, California: Earthquake History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report describes the history of seismic activity at Parkfield, California, which is situated on the San Andreas Fault. It points out that moderate-size earthquakes have occurred on the Parkfield section of the San Andreas fault at fairly regular intervals, and that the earthquakes may have been 'characteristic' in the sense that they occurred with some regularity (mean repetition time of about 22 years). This indicates that they may have repeatedly ruptured the same area on the fault. A diagram shows the timing of the earthquakes, and illustrations of the seismic waveforms show the similarities between earthquakes occurring in 1922, 1934, and 1966.


New Jersey History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded as the Proceedings of the New Jersey Historical Society in 1845, the journal was re-launched as New Jersey History in 2005 under the direction of historians at the New Jersey Historical Commission, Kean University, and the New Jersey Historical Society. This website offers access to issues of the journal dating back to 2009. Recent articles from the journal include "Challenging Containment: African Americans and Racial Politics in Montclair, New Jersey, 1920-1940" and "When the Cat is Away the Mice Will Work: Thomas Alva Edison and the Insomnia Squad. " Visitors can also send feedback on the articles.



A History Worth Preserving  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Manhattan Project transformed the course of American and world history, science, politics and society. If we can read about this in books and watch History Channel documentaries, why do we need to preserve some of the properties of this enormous undertaking? The presentation, ``A History Worth Preserving,'' will address why some of the physical properties need to be preserved and which ones we are struggling to maintain for future generations. The story of this effort begins in 1997 as the Department of Energy was posed to demolish the last remaining Manhattan Project properties at the Los Alamos laboratory. Located deep behind security fences, the ``V Site's'' asbestos-shingled wooden buildings looked like humble garages with over-sized wooden doors. The ``V Site'' properties were almost lost twice, first to bulldozers and then the Cerro Grande fire of 2000. Now, visitors can stand inside the building where J. Robert Oppenheimer and his crew once worked and imagine the Trinity ``gadget'' hanging from its hoist shortly before it ushered in the Atomic Age on July 16, 1945. As Richard Rhodes has commented, we preserve what we value of the physical past because it specifically embodies our social past. But many challenge whether the Manhattan Project properties ought to be preserved. Rather than recognize the Manhattan Project as a great achievement worthy of commemoration, some see it as a regrettable event, producing an instrument to take man's inhumanity to man to extremes. While these divergent views will no doubt persist, the significance of the Manhattan Project in producing the world's first atomic bombs is irrefutable. Preserving some of its tangible remains is essential so that future generations can understand what the undertaking entailed from its humble wooden sheds to enormous first-of-a-kind industrial plants with 125,000 people working in secret and living in frontier-like communities. With continuing pressure for their demolition, what progress has been made in preserving some properties of the Manhattan Project? The presentation will share the handful of remaining properties that we believe are needed to tell the story of the Manhattan Project. It will share our successes, what is still at risk, and the on-going struggle to preserve this history.

Kelly, Cynthia



History of Space Exploration  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Users can choose from an extensive selection of links to resources for use in the study of the history of space exploration. The links provide access to historic information and publications, chronologies, and mission summaries for American, Russian, European, and other space missions. For educators, there are links to guides to robotic spacecraft and to observing the space shuttle in orbit. Links are also provided to a variety of spacecraft homepages and to other topics such as a primer on the basics of space flight, the Apollo lunar surface journals, and the NASA historic archives.


Conversations With History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created in 1982 by Harry Kreisler and produced by the Institute of International Studies at the University of California at Berkeley, Conversations With History has featured interviews with over 150 distinguished men and women from all over the world. Users can now read, and in many cases view, a large selection of these interviews online. The interviews can be browsed by year, guest name, profession, or topic. In addition to RealPlayer video segments, many interview pages also include photos and relevant links. The guests and topics span the world and engage an excellent variety of pressing and important issues. Whether for classroom use or personal edification, this site is highly recommended.


Public Lands: Hidden Histories  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson plan is about American public lands including parks, monuments, refuges, wilderness areas, underground mineral reserves, marine sanctuaries, historic and scenic trails, forests, and seashores. Throughout this lesson, students will explore and share with others the hidden histories and stories of these lands about wildlife, cultures, governments, and people who have lived on, enjoyed, protected, or influenced them. Students will identify the economic, scientific, recreational, and spiritual values of public lands; interpret Native American quotes that demonstrate the unique relationship between Native Americans and the land; identify important historic facts about select public lands; and develop a creative way to share information with others about a select public land.


"L" System History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, provided by University of Illinois student Graham Garfield, traces the history of Chicago's "L" lines from their inception to the 1980s. The first "L" lines date back to the 19th century and all were privately owned and operated until the Chicago Transit Authority (CTA) was formed and took over all of the city's public transportation in 1945-7. Chronologies for different "L" lines are provided, as well historic route maps. Train buffs will especially enjoy the excellent collection of annotated photos of trains and stations.

Garfield, Graham.



Natural History Notebooks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Canadian Museum of Nature (CMN) offers an online version of its Natural History Notebook series originally published in 1977-81. Interesting facts and attractive black-and-white sketches are provided for each of the nearly 250 animal species (mostly vertebrates) featured in the Web site. All illustrations are by Charles Douglas, former chief illustrator at CMN. The notebook collection includes one each for mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, amphibians, invertebrates, endangered or extinct species, prehistoric life, and another that allows users to search for animals by geographical region.



SpiritHistory: Emphemera  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website explores spiritualist newspapers and other ephemera with collections of a few original texts, articles, photographs, drawings, advertisements, and notices from the time. One site offering that researchers should find particularly helpful is the lists of spiritualist lecturers, mediums, healers, and other progressives collected from directories, pamphlets, registers, almanacs, advertisements, convention attendance lists, and organizational membership lists. SpiritHistory is not intended so much as a general introduction to the subject of nineteenth-century American spiritualism as a signpost to aid further research. Overall, this is a small but well done Website with well written essays and more resources promised in the future.


Arla Jones Oral History  

E-print Network

:00:06 ALBIN: Okay. So we're now recording. It is March 10, 2008, and I am here with Arla Jones, and Radish is running around the room. 00:00:17 JONES: With a chew toy. 00:00:18 ALBIN: And we are here once again to do an oral history. And I... York to get—I'm trying to make sure she's not going to pee on anything, [Radish, the dog.] 10 So I met Kim. And we were friends for three years before we even figured out anything. I mean what happened was Kim was working in the gift shop. I had...

Jones, Arla; Albin, Tami



History topics: Babylonian mathematics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website contains an overview of Babylonian mathematics, with links to in-depth analyses of Babylonian numerals and Pythagoras?s theorem in Babylonian mathematics. The history of zero covers Mesopotamia, Greece, India, the Mayan people in Central America, China, and Europe. Links also give access to bibliographies of mathematicians, such as Cardan, Ch'in, Bhaskara, and Brahmagupta. Examples of written numbers using the cuneiform symbols in the sexigesimal system are included. Other terms: algorithm, reciprocals, geometry, quadratic equation, square root, fractions, finger counting, decimal system, Yale tablet, Plimpton 322, Susa tablet, Tell Dhibayi tablet, triangle, Mahavira. (Includes 104 references)

Edmund Robertson,Joint Creator



Photon: history, mass, charge  

E-print Network

The talk consists of three parts. ``History'' briefly describes the emergence and evolution of the concept of photon during the first two decades of the 20th century. ``Mass'' gives a short review of the literature on the upper limit of the photon's mass. ``Charge'' is a critical discussion of the existing interpretation of searches for photon charge. Schemes, in which all photons are charged, are grossly inconsistent. A model with three kinds of photons (positive, negative and neutral) seems at first sight to be more consistent, but turns out to have its own serious problems.

L. B. Okun



The History of Nature and the Nature of History: Stephen Jay Gould on Science, Philosophy, and History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers Stephen Jay Gould's writings on the nature of history, specifically on the relationship between science and history. Addresses the scientific method, the foundations and procedures of historical explanation in science, history as contingency, and evolution as history. (CMK)

Blaser, Kent



History of the FBI  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1908 by Attorney General Charles Bonaparte, the Federal Bureau of Investigation has served the people and government of the United States for close to a century. Interestingly enough, many of the first FBI agents were in fact former Secret Service Employees appointed by Bonaparte. Provided and maintained by staff members at the FBI, this site provides brief essays about the different periods of the organization's history, ranging from the so-called "Lawless" years from 1921 to 1933 to the rise of international crime in the 1980s. The essays address a wide array of topics ranging from the long career of J. Edgar Hoover as the head of the FBI, the creation of the "Ten Most Wanted Fugitives" list, and combating domestic Communist activity in post-World War II America. The site is rounded out by transcriptions of relevant historic documents dealing with the organization's early history, such as Attorney General Bonaparte's request for a detective force within the Department of Justice.


Smithsonian's History Explorer  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Smithsonian's National Museum of American History, along with the Verizon Foundation, has developed a website that offers standards-based online resources for teaching and learning American history. This lively looking red, white and blue-themed website has an eye-catching feature on the homepage which highlights an item from the Museum's Artifacts. Visitors should click on the "Learn More" link, which is right below the description of the artifact, which will take the visitor to the full detail of the artifact, as well as any related artifacts. Clicking on the "Museum Artifacts" tab at the top of the page will take the visitor to the search engine for the 65 museum artifacts on the site. The "Lessons & Activities" tab at the top of the homepage takes the visitor to a list of lessons and activities that can be filtered by Grade Level or Historical Eras/National Standards. Additionally, the list provides the lesson/activity description, the grade band it's suitable for, as well as the duration of the lesson. Finally, the "Interactives & Media" tab, located at the top of the homepage, links to a slew of audio, video, and interactive resources that are meant to be used by students on their own, without the aid of a parent or teacher. "Building a Sod House", "Artificial Anatomy: Body Parts", "Children Write to the President", and "Whatever Happened to Polio?" are just a few of the 36 fascinating interactive lessons.


Physician Assistant History Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Like so many others, perhaps some of our Scout Report readers have wondered: "Where can I find out more about the history of physician assistants?" Those persons need wonder no longer, as this very thorough website provides a cornucopia of material that addresses all aspects of that very query. The site was created by a group of responsible organizations, including Duke University Medical Center and the American Academy of Physicians Assistants. The site's "Timeline" section is a good place to start as it offers a chronology of the different phases of the history of this profession, which dates back to 1650 when German military medical assistants were introduced into Russian armies by no less a personage than Peter the Great. Other sections include biographical essays of pioneering physician assistants such as Richard Smith and Marvin L. Gliedman. The site is rounded out by a collection of photographs of important artifacts (such as a stethoscope used by Dr. Eugene Stead, Jr., who founded the profession) and a bibliography.


History: Las Vegas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Las Vegas (or "The Meadows" in Spanish) is a curious place, and it is not much of a stretch to say that it was transformed from a sleepy railroad town into a ring-a-ding swinging town in just a few decades during the 20th century. The Las Vegas Sun has gone above and beyond the call of duty by crafting a site that presents a multimedia-rich experience that narrates the history of this rather unique American city. Visitors should start their journey here by watching one or all eleven parts of their "Boomtown" video on the history of the town. Then visitors may want to take a look at the interactive map of the "Strip", which tells the fortunes of casinos and other buildings, past, present, and future, which have graced this notable region of mega-structures amidst the desert. After that, visitors should look at the "12 Voices from the Past" area. Voices like casino owner Benny Binion and former Nevada governor Mike O'Callaghan are featured here, and it's a great trip back through the city's varied past.


History of ball bearings  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The familiar precision rolling-element bearings of the twentieth century are products of exacting technology and sophisticated science. Their very effectiveness and basic simplicity of form may discourage further interest in their history and development. Yet the full story covers a large portion of recorded history and surprising evidence of an early recognition of the advantages of rolling motion over sliding action and progress toward the development of rolling-element bearings. The development of rolling-element bearings is followed from the earliest civilizations to the end of the eighteenth century. The influence of general technological developments, particularly those concerned with the movement of large building blocks, road transportation, instruments, water-raising equipment, and windmills are discussed, together with the emergence of studies of the nature of rolling friction and the impact of economic factors. By 1800 the essential features of ball and rolling-element bearings had emerged and it only remained for precision manufacture and mass production to confirm the value of these fascinating machine elements.

Dowson, D.; Hamrock, B. J.



History News Network  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

What happened in the past is already being documented in the present for the future. This complexity is not lost on the talented people at George Mason University's History News Network (HNN). The HNN was started in 2002 and its mission is "to help put current events into historical perspective." The distinguished advisory board includes Pauline Maier of MIT and Walter Nugent of Notre Dame. Each week, the website features up to a dozen new op-ed pieces by prominent historians. The homepage includes polls, links to breaking news, and links of importance found on other sites. For perspective and commentary, visitors can also click on the Hot Topics area to learn about everything from the 2012 Election to Women's History month. Check out the Questions/Answers area to learn about questions people are asking search engines (such as "Did Johannes Kepler murder Tycho Brahe?") and to read thoughtful responses from HNN staff members. Moving on, the Book Reviews area contains hundreds of reviews of both academic titles and those for the general public.



Black History at Harpweek  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Harpweek is a privately funded project begun in 1992 to digitize the entire contents of the nineteenth-century, illustrated periodical Harper's Weekly. The full database is only available by subscription, but Black History at Harpweek is one of a series of free resources that explore various themes using text and illustrations from Harper's. Black History features a timeline that lists the major events of slavery from the arrival of the first Africans in Virginia in 1619 to the raid on Harper's Ferry in 1859, plus two more timelines on the Civil War and Reconstruction. There are also many illustrations, such as the often reproduced Alfred Waud engraving of the first Black man to vote, the cover of the November 16, 1867 issue, and drawings and engravings that are the only action pictures from Civil War battlefields. One of these, "The Fight at Milikin's Bend," is accompanied by an account of the fighting and an editorial on the bravery of Negro troops, dated June 20, 1863.


Las Vegas Strip History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by amateur cultural historian Deanna DeMatteo, this site offers "the most detailed history of the Las Vegas Strip on the Internet today," showing in words and graphics the evolution of the properties on the Strip from its beginning to the present. Drawing on materials provided by publications, professional Las Vegas historians, and the Nevada State Museum and Historical Society, DeMatteo offers a detailed, noncommercial history with plenty of photographs (many archival) of the strip from the first night club in 1930 named Pair O Dice to the first true casino hotel, El Rancho with 63 rooms in 1941, to Hilton's giant Paris Las Vegas opening earlier this Fall with 2,914 rooms. There is also a special topics section, covering people significant in the strip's development, such as Warren "Doc" Bayley and Howard Hughes. Launched in August, the Website is continually updated with new material. Note: to reach table of contents, click on the photograph at end of the homepage.

Dematteo, Deanna.


Powys Digital History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Posted by the Powys County Archives, this Website (in Welsh and English) "aims to tell the local history of communities in the heart of Wales using sources which include archive documents, photographs, and early maps." The mid-Wales county of Powys is comprised of the three ancient counties of Montgomeryshire, Radnorshire, and Brecknock, and this Website offers archive documents, old photographs, school log books, trade directories, gazetteers, and supplemental historical narratives concerning six longstanding communities from this area. Visitors can access the material either by community or by social and historical themes, which include Crime and punishment, Education and schools, Religion in Wales, and Care of the poor. The archival material posted here is not inconsiderable and may be of supplemental use to researchers dealing with a variety of issues, including the structures of nineteenth-century, Welsh, rural society and the various skirmishes with the English before Wales's eventual incorporation (politically, if not entirely culturally) into Great Britain. In addition, the supplemental historical narratives are written in a professional manner and can serve as fine learning resources for students of local UK history.


History of Human Parasitology  

PubMed Central

Humans are hosts to nearly 300 species of parasitic worms and over 70 species of protozoa, some derived from our primate ancestors and some acquired from the animals we have domesticated or come in contact with during our relatively short history on Earth. Our knowledge of parasitic infections extends into antiquity, and descriptions of parasites and parasitic infections are found in the earliest writings and have been confirmed by the finding of parasites in archaeological material. The systematic study of parasites began with the rejection of the theory of spontaneous generation and the promulgation of the germ theory. Thereafter, the history of human parasitology proceeded along two lines, the discovery of a parasite and its subsequent association with disease and the recognition of a disease and the subsequent discovery that it was caused by a parasite. This review is concerned with the major helminth and protozoan infections of humans: ascariasis, trichinosis, strongyloidiasis, dracunculiasis, lymphatic filariasis, loasis, onchocerciasis, schistosomiasis, cestodiasis, paragonimiasis, clonorchiasis, opisthorchiasis, amoebiasis, giardiasis, African trypanosomiasis, South American trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, malaria, toxoplasmosis, cryptosporidiosis, cyclosporiasis, and microsporidiosis. PMID:12364371

Cox, F. E. G.



BA (Hons) in History BA (Hons) in History and Film Studies  

E-print Network

Essentials Courses BA (Hons) in History BA (Hons) in History and Film Studies BA (Hons) in History and Philosophy BA (Hons) in History and Politics BA (Hons) in History and Sociology BA (Hons) in American Studies and History (p35) BA (Hons) in Anthropology and History (p37) BA (Hons) in English and History (p76) A levels

Sussex, University of


Flexible Visual Authoring Using Operation History  

E-print Network

Flexible Visual Authoring Using Operation History Sara Su Massachusetts Institute of Technology l's history can improve interaction for the end user. #12;Enhancing authoring and review Visualizing history for non-linear interaction Storyboards: Interactive Visual Histories Reusing complex selections

Su, Sara



E-print Network

BOSTON UNIVERSITY HISTORY OF ART & ARCHITECTURE GRADUATE PROGRAM 2012-2013 Information, giving advance notice of changes when possible. Boston University Department of History of Art ..................................................................... 5 THE MA DEGREE IN HISTORY OF ART AND ARCHITECTURE ........................ 5 History of Art

Goldberg, Bennett


Cardiff School of History, Archaeology and Religion  

E-print Network

Cardiff School of History, Archaeology and Religion Postgraduate Programmes www Postgraduate Study at Cardiff School of History, Archaeology and Religion 8 Postgraduate Taught Programmes Archaeology 14 Conservation 16 History and Welsh History 18 Religious Studies & Theology 20 Funding your

Davies, Christopher


Graduate Student Handbook Department of History  

E-print Network

Graduate Student Handbook Department of History U. of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Revised July 2013 #12 The Comprehensive Examination Public History Specialization Course Work Multi-Disciplinary Historic Preservation Concentrations Modern Studies Concentration Global History Concentration Urban History Concentration Advising

Saldin, Dilano


Name: Megan Raby Field: "Environmental History"  

E-print Network

Name: Megan Raby Field: "Environmental History" Date: Fall 20008 Field: Supervisor: Bill Cronon Department: History of Science Advisor: Gregg Mitman Environmental History Prelim List Classics, overviews) Hays, Samuel P. Explorations in Environmental History: Essays. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh

Wisconsin at Madison, University of



E-print Network

_________________________________________________________________________ HISTORY OF ART DEPARTMENT Lecturer in the History of Art Division Humanities Department History of Art Department (History Faculty) and St John's College Location History of Art Department, Littlegate House, St Ebbe's, Oxford Grade

Oxford, University of


Today in History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Son: "What happened today back in 1980 Dad?" Dad: "I don't know son, why don't you look online at the "Today in History" site?" That conversation is perhaps not so far-fetched when readers learn about this very fine and edifying website. Developed as part of The Library of Congress's American Memory project, the site contains informative information about what happened on, say, October 21. Visitors who visit the site on any given date will find archival documents and brief commentaries on the Kennedy-Nixon Debates (one of which took place on October 21), the premiere of "Hello, Dolly!" (January 16), as well as the 363 other days of the year. The site is quite a treat, and each "Today" contains links to various archival documents that have been offered up online as part of the American Memory project and other Library of Congress digitization initiatives.


Women's History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress, National Archives and Records Administration, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Gallery of Art, National Park Service, and several other institutions have joined forces to create this very nice "one-stop" website for materials related to women's history. The site is an intoxicating and arresting blend of educational resources (such as lesson plans), multimedia features, photograph collections, and listings of events sponsored by participating institutions. Visitors can check out profiles that include "Women Breaking Musical Barriers" and "The Women of Four Wars", and then move on to the sections on the left-hand side of the homepage. Here they will find links to additional image collections, audio and video libraries, and a special "For Teachers" area.


Silicon Valley History Online  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As described on this website, Silicon Valley is "a bellwether beast, pursuing the newest technologies on the drawing board and in the hand". This compelling online digital archive was created by a consortium of organizations and institutions located in the Silicon Valley, including the History San Jose Research Library and the Santa Clara University Archives. Appropriately enough, visitors entering through the site's homepage will be greeted by a number of context-specific images, including a couple of peaches, a microchip processor, and a historical photograph of two scientists at work. From there, visitors can delve into the documents collected here by clicking on one of the general headings, such as education, people, technology, agriculture, and urban life. Currently, the archive contains close to 1000 images, and users are free to browse through them at their leisure. Visitors can also create customized searches and save their favorite images to a "My Favorites" area.



History of San Marco  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A brief history is reported of the first San Marco project, a joint program of the United States and Italy. The Project was a three phase effort to investigate upper air density and associated ionosphere phenomena. The initial phase included the design and development of the spacecraft, the experiments, the launch complex, and a series of suborbital flights, from Wallops Island. The second phase, consisting of designing, fabricating, and testing a spacecraft for the first orbital mission, culminated in an orbital launch also from Wallops Island. The third phase consisted of further refining the experiments and spacecraft instrumentation and of establishing a full-bore scout complex in Kenya. The launch of San Marco B, in April 1967, from this complex into an equatorial orbit, concluded the initial San Marco effort.

Caporale, A. J.



History of Palaeozoic Forests  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

University of Muenster's Palaeobotanical Research Group provides this site with links to Web sources dealing with Paleozoic forests. One educational highlight of the site is the regularly updated introductory text, "History of Palaeozoic Forests," by Hans Kerp, Head of the Palaeobotanical Research Group at Muenster. Available in both English and German, this text features information on the earliest land plants, Carboniferous swamps, and the first flowering plants, among other things. Here, readers will find overviews of biostratigraphic issues such as the existence of the Palaeophytic-Mesophytic boundary. The figures are comprised of Stratigraphic columns, illustrated landscape reconstructions, and paleogeographic maps. Other sections of the site include research, publications, news, and links to palaeobotany-related museums, societies, and courses.


Chicago History Museum: Flickr  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Chicago History Museum has a "big tent" approach to their fine Flickr account where they ask visitors to offer up their own Chicago photographs to supplement their own exhibits. On the homepage, visitors can look through some of the tags to get started, such as "urban," "CTA," and "architecture." Currently, there are over 6600 photographs and visitors can search at their leisure and contribute images as they see fit. The real treasure here is the neighborhood collection, which brings together over one thousand photographs that document the areas outside the Loop, with images of ethnic parades, religious ceremonies, and general exuberance. Overall, it's a great resource for people with an interest in Chicago and its dynamic urban culture.


Center for Jewish History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Designed as a partnership between five major institutions of Jewish scholarship, history and art (including the American Jewish Historical Society, the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research, and the American Sephardi Federation), the Center has combined holdings of approximately 100-million archival documents, artifacts, paintings, and textiles. From the organization's homepage, visitors can learn about the mission of the center, how to conduct genealogical research using their holdings, and browse a calendar of the many events and conferences held at the Center's headquarters in Manhattan. One of the online highlights is the fine archive of audio and video clips and interviews available in the Events at the Center area. Here visitors can listen to the proceedings of an international conference on anti-Semitism in the West held in May 2003, and view interviews with Dr. Ruth Westheimer and Shimon Peres. Also, visitors may elect to sign up to receive the Center's email newsletter.


Women's Legal History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Women's Legal History website is the home of a searchable database of articles and papers on pioneering women lawyers in the United States. The site contains sections that include the WLH Biography Project and the index and bibliographic notes from "Woman Lawyer: The Trial of Clara Foltz" by Barbara Babcock. In the WLH Biography Project, visitors can look over the life stories of women in the legal profession, such as Agnes Sagebiel, Marge Wagner, and Julia Jennings. There are over 1,000 profiles that visitors can browse alphabetically or search by name, year, ethnicity, or law school. Additionally, the site contains detailed information about Babcock's recent work, along with media clips related to the subject of women lawyers



NSDL National Science Digital Library

Lovers of the dramaturgical arts will want to take a look at, which offers a host of resources on the long and storied past of this performing art. The homepage for the site features links to a script archive, a Today in Theatre History section, a featured topic area, and a listing of the other areas covered within the site. The script archive is worth a look by aspiring thespians, as it includes a number of monologues, 10-minute plays, and full-length plays, most of which are in the public domain. The general theatre section is divided by country or region, and includes full-length articles about the tradition of the theatrical arts in Britain, Ireland, Russia, and Spain, among other countries.


Life Has A History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This website provides students with an introduction to the history of life and how it resulted in today's biodiversity. There are three tiers of difficulty available for different grade levels. During this tour students learn about geologic time, fossils, ancestral relationships, cladograms, variation, natural selection, and extinction. Students learn that life has been around for a very long time and is the result of evolution. They learn that fossils provide evidence of past life, that much of past life is now extinct, and that evolutionary relationships of organisms can be illustrated as cladograms. Using the Galapagos finches as an example, students learn the importance of variation and natural selection in evolution, as well as the biodiversity we see on Earth today. The teacher's section provides all necessary information for implementing this module, including lesson plans, handouts, and assessment ideas.



Atmospheric refraction: a history.  


We trace the history of atmospheric refraction from the ancient Greeks up to the time of Kepler. The concept that the atmosphere could refract light entered Western science in the second century B.C. Ptolemy, 300 years later, produced the first clearly defined atmospheric model, containing air of uniform density up to a sharp upper transition to the ether, at which the refraction occurred. Alhazen and Witelo transmitted his knowledge to medieval Europe. The first accurate measurements were made by Tycho Brahe in the 16th century. Finally, Kepler, who was aware of unusually strong refractions, used the Ptolemaic model to explain the first documented and recognized mirage (the Novaya Zemlya effect). PMID:16201423

Lehn, Waldemar H; van der Werf, Siebren



History of Presolar Grains  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Papers on the History of Presolar Grains. This has been a very productive period in which much of the laboratory work conducted in the previous year and during this funding cycle were brought to completion. In the last year we have published or submitted for peer review 4 research papers, 4 review papers, and 11 abstracts in research areas supported under this grant. Brief synopses of the results of the research papers are presented, followed by short summaries of the topics discussed in the review papers. Several areas of research are of course being actively pursued, and the appended list of abstracts gives citations to this ongoing work. In a paper submitted to the Astrophysical Journal, the results of an investigation into the physical conditions in the mass outflows of asymptotic giant branch (AGB) carbon stars that are required for the formation of micron-sized presolar graphite grains, with and without previously formed internal crystals of titanium carbide (TIC) are reported.

Bernatowicz, Thomas J.



Ohio History Central Online Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From William Howard Taft to Toledo, the Ohio History Central Online Encyclopedia is a veritable cornucopia of material about the places, events, and other elements of the Buckeye state's history and lore. As noted on the site's homepage, this encyclopedia �"is an evolving, dynamic online encyclopedia that includes information about Ohio's natural history, prehistory and history.� That is certainly a tall order to fill, and the site does so admirably. Visitors can click on over to the built-in search engine on the homepage, or just browse along through such broad categories as "History", "Natural History", and "State Symbols". Visitors to this last category may be intrigued to learn that the state's beverage is tomato juice, or that the state's official insect is the ladybug, a peaceful creature best known for its voracious appetite for aphids.



International Institute of Social History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The International Institute of Social History (IISH) is one of the world's largest documentary and research institutions for social history in general and for the history of the labor movement in particular. Its homepage contains a formidable online catalog of the IISH's 2,000 archival collections which hold over one million printed volumes and about as many audio-visual items. Also included are a listing of current books put out by the Institute's publishing house, a digital social history archive of "relevant parts of the Internet," and the online newsletter of the Institute for the International Association of Labour History Institutions. Two other items of interest are a collection of useful social and labor history links, and digital editions of recent exhibitions at the IISH. (One of the latter, "The Chairman Smiles," was discussed in the June 13, 1997 Scout Report.)



Art History (Critical Analysis) Bachelor of Arts  

E-print Network

Art History (Critical Analysis) Bachelor of Arts 2014-15 Degree Map First Year Fall Winter Spring History Elective 4 Upper Division Art History Elective1 4 ARH 449 4 Upper Division Art History Elective 4 Upper Division Art History Elective 4 Upper Division Art History Elective 4 General Elective 4 General

Latiolais, M. Paul


Taught degrees MA in Contemporary History  

E-print Network

European History Research degrees MPhil, PhD in History MPhil, PhD in Intellectual History Further information School of History, Art History and Philosophy, PG Admissions, University of Sussex the Centre for German-Jewish Studies, the Centre for Intellectual History, the Centre for Modern European

Sussex, University of

332 Why study history?  

E-print Network History #12;Why study history? Quite simply, because history is everywhere. Every day--to name only a few arenas. Unfortunately, most people think that history is little more than remembering dates, names and places. History is so much more. People who study history do not merely memorize

Dawson, Jeff W.


A Critical History of Posthumanism  

Microsoft Academic Search

A meaningful discussion about the history of posthumanism first requires distinguishing the concept from a range of related\\u000a concepts with which its history is intertwined. Thus, one must first recognise that a historical analysis of posthuman-ism\\u000a is not synonymous with the history of medical enhancements. Indeed, discussions about posthumanism are not necessarily about\\u000a enhancements and, even when they are, they

Andy Miah


AFSCME Laborlinks: Women's Labor History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In honor of Women's history month, the American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) has posted on their Website an annotated directory of Websites devoted to women's labor history. This includes a number of sites on famous women agitators and labor advocates including Mary Kenney O'Sullivan (co-founder of the Women's Trade Union League), Florence Kelley (who agitated for reform of the women's sweatshops of Chicago), Jane Addams, Mother Jones, and others. Historical sites dedicated to key periods in women's labor history are also listed as well as a section of general women's labor history links.



Chronicon: An Electronic History Journal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Chronicon is a new electronic journal of history published by the Department of History at University College Cork, Ireland. Chronicon publishes articles relating to all periods of history, but with a particular focus on Irish history. The journal is slated to contain reviews of publications and notices of scholarly developments and provide a scholars' forum. "Each volume will appear at the start of the calendar year and will remain open for that year. As new articles are received they will be added to the current volume." Only a few articles are currently available in this first volume.



Sex and Race in the History of Medicine History 447  

E-print Network

Background Information Companion Encyclopedia of the History of Medicine Online and REF WZ13. E565 1993 (Bracken) Dictionary of the History of Medicine REF WZ13 .S443d 1999 (Bracken Library) Encyclopedia by Subject Primary Sources There is an abundance of primary source material in Stauffer Library. The form

Abolmaesumi, Purang


A New History, Macrohistory, and Structure in History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Toward the improvement of teaching history and to provide student insights into the study of history, a course involving structure, relevancy, an interdisciplinary approach, and innovation is suggested which advocates analyzing what has happened in the past as a whole, as revealed by the various sciences of archaeology, anthropology, paleontology,…

Emerson, Mark F.


Lessons about Art in History and History in Art.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written by teachers from the United States and Canada, these lesson plans focus on integrating the teaching of history and art history. Seventeen lesson plans cover the topics of (1) Slavery, Henry Ossawa Tanner, and His Family--Grades: Elementary; (2) Chinese Landscape Painting--Grades: Elementary; (3) Regionalism: American Art of the Great…

Erickson, Mary, Ed.; Clark, Gilbert, Ed.


Francis Bacon's natural history and civil history: a comparative survey.  


The aim of this paper is to offer a comparative survey of Bacon's theory and practice of natural history and of civil history, particularly centered on their relationship to natural philosophy and human philosophy. I will try to show that the obvious differences concerning their subject matter encompass a number of less obvious methodological and philosophical assumptions which reveal a significant practical and conceptual convergence of the two fields. Causes or axioms are prescribed as the theoretical end-products of natural history, whereas precepts are envisaged as the speculative outcomes derived from perfect civil history. In spite of this difference, causes and precepts are thought to enable effective action in order to change the state of nature and of man, respectively. For that reason a number of common patterns are to be found in Bacon's theory and practice of natural and civil history. PMID:22702165

Manzo, Silvia



History of magnetorheological finishing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetorheological finishing (MRF) is a deterministic method for producing complex optics with figure accuracy <50 nm and surface roughness <1 nm. MRF was invented at the Luikov Institute of Heat and Mass Transfer in Minsk, Belarus in the late 1980s by a team led by William Kordonski. When the Soviet Union opened up, New York businessman Lowell Mintz was invited to Minsk in 1990 to explore possibilities for technology transfer. Mintz was told of the potential for MRF, but did not understand whether it had value. Mintz was referred to Harvey Pollicove at the Center for Optics Manufacturing of the University of Rochester. As a result of their conversation, they sent Prof. Steve Jacobs to visit Minsk and evaluate MRF. From Jacobs' positive findings, and with support from Lowell Mintz, Kordonski and his colleagues were invited in 1993 to work at the Center for Optics Manufacturing with Jacobs and Don Golini to refine MRF technology. A "preprototype" finishing machine was operating by 1994. Prof. Greg Forbes and doctoral student Paul Dumas developed algorithms for deterministic control of MRF. In 1996, Golini recognized the commercial potential of MRF, secured investment capital from Lowell Mintz, and founded QED Technologies. The first commercial MRF machine was unveiled in 1998. It was followed by more advanced models and by groundbreaking subaperture stitching interferometers for metrology. In 2006, QED was acquired by and became a division of Cabot Microelectronics. This paper recounts the history of the development of MRF and the founding of QED Technologies.

Harris, Daniel C.



SOFIA pointing history  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The original pointing accuracy requirement of the Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy SOFIA was defined at the beginning of the program in the late 1980s as very challenging 0.2 arcsec rms. The early science flights of the observatory started in December 2010 and the observatory has reached in the mean time nearly 0.7 arcsec rms, which is sufficient for most of the SOFIA science instruments. NASA and DLR, the owners of SOFIA, are planning now a future 4 year program to bring the pointing down to the ultimate 0.2 arcsec rms. This may be the right time to recall the history of the pointing requirement and its verification and the possibility of its achievement via early computer models and wind tunnel tests, later computer aided end-to-end simulations up to the first commissioning flights some years ago. The paper recollects the tools used in the different project phases for the verification of the pointing performance, explains the achievements and may give hints for the planning of the upcoming final pointing improvement phase.

Kärcher, Hans J.; Kunz, Nans; Temi, Pasquale; Krabbe, Alfred; Wagner, Jörg; Süß, Martin



The Living History Farm  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 1881, one Diedrich Wessels left Germany and came to America in order to seek a better life. Not an uncommon story for many immigrants from Europe at that most propitious moment, but his legacy certainly lives on in an interesting fashion. Upon his death, it was revealed that Wessels left a condition in his will that â??a certain amount of land and capital should be set aside to establish the Wessels Living History Farm.â?ť His will was done, and today, this farm still stands in York, Nebraska as a testament to his life and to the importance of family farms. There are a couple of great features right off the bat on the siteâ??s homepage, which contains a reading by Poet Laureate Ted Kooser and a film that documents a modern corn harvest. This is just the beginning, however, as the site also contains sections that also offer insights into the lives of farmers in the 1920s, 1930s, and 1930s. Each of these areas contains brief topical essays on elements of farming such as plowing and fertilizing, coupled with interviews with farmers about some of the technological changes that were underway in each decade. For those who would like a first-hand view of the farm, this is also covered on the site by a series of live web cams that look onto various parts of the grounds.


Natural History of Hawaii  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The first Web site (1) is a ThinkQuest entry designed by students from Kapolei Elementary School. Although it's geared toward kids, it offers a great overview of the natural history of Hawaii that should benefit anyone not already familiar with the islands. The next Web site (2), from the Hawaiian Ecosystems at Risk Project, outlines the alien species situation in Hawaii and presents a 10-point action plan for combating this problem. The National Wildlife Health Center of the US Geological Survey describes the projects of the Hawaii Field Station in this straightforward Web site (3). Visitors can take a virtual tour of Oahu's Lyon Arboretum and learn about some of Hawaii's unique flora along the way (4). The Hawaii Natural Area Reserves System Web site (5) contains general descriptions and photos of nature reserves on Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Maui, and the Big Island. Visitors to the next site (6) can browse a gallery of colorful Hawaiian-themed prints created by naturalist painter N. Robert Wagstaff. Terra Galleria Photography offers another collection of beautiful images, this time of Haleakala National Park. Images from this Web site (7) include photos of the highly endangered silversword plant. The final Web site is an article from ScienceDaily Magazine about some of the efforts to save this rare plant, which serves as a symbol of Hawaii's ecological plight (8).

Sohmer, Rachel.



[History of augmentation mammaplasty].  


The history of breast augmentation started effectively after World War II. Until then, this surgery was almost irrelevant because the indications were considered very rare and technical possibilities limited. During about two decades after 1945, two types of procedures were proposed. The first ones used autologous tissue especially fat in the form of dermofatty grafts taken from the buttocks. The results were very bad and sometimes disastrous for both techniques. At the beginning of the sixties, under the impulse of the Dow Corning Company, two surgeons: Frank Gerow and Thomas Cronin from Houston (Texas, USA) proposed an implant with a sheath filled with silicone gel. This new prosthesis had an immediate success and the number of breast augmentations growed very quickly. After an optimistic period, it had to be admitted that the results were sometimes deceiving or frankly bad. The breasts were often too firm, sometimes hard and even deformed. Capsular contracture occurred around the implants. During the 70's and 80's both consistency and envelops of the implants were regularly modified. The incision and the positioning were changed. At the end of the 80's, the problem of capsular contracture seemed to be resolved with the implants used, meanwhile a controversy took place about silicone in USA. Some cases of autoimmune diseases were attributed to silicone. In spite of scientific studies that proved the contrary, silicone implants were prohibited in the United States, Canada and temporarily in France. PMID:16185804

Glicenstein, J



Asteroids: A History  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

I finished reading Curtis Peebles' book Asteroids: A History with mixed emotions, but overall I was very disappointed. I enjoyed, with some reservations, the first few chapters, which describe the early days of asteroid astronomy. One thing that makes asteroid science enjoyable today is the rich collection of interesting and eccentric characters that share this profession.The 19th and early 20th centuries were no different. The story of these dedicated and sometimes strange individuals makes for lively reading. There was Hermann Goldschmidt, a German-born artist living over the Café Procope in Paris. In 1852, he caught the asteroid bug after attending a public lecture on astronomy, bought a telescope, and over the next 9 years discovered 14 asteroids by observing out of his apartment window with a 2-inch telescope! In those days, before astronomical photography, observers searched for asteroids by hand-drawing the starfield as seen through the telescope and then comparing it with another hand-drawn starfield done hours or nights later. Keen eyesight, steady hands, and the ability to draw accurately in the dark—and cold—were major advantages.

Britt, Dan


Economic History Services  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Despite its reputation as â??the dismal scienceâ?ť, economics continues to attract new scholars in great numbers every year, and a number of websites provide high-quality materials for those interested in the subject. The Economic History Services website began life in 1994 as a mere discussion list, and since then has grown to include numerous resources that include book reviews, a collection of course syllabi, a directory of economic historians, along with the ever-popular â??How Much is That?â?ť service. The â??How Much is That?â?ť area is quite useful, as visitors can use it to determine historical prices for goods and services, interest rates, wage rates, and inflation rates. Budding economic historians will want to check out the â??Ask The Professorâ?ť feature, which allows users to submit queries related to the subject. The section also contains an archive of answered questions, which include such enigmas as â??Is deflation bad for the economy?â?ť The site also includes a calendar of events for persons interested in learning about upcoming lectures, conferences, workshops, and the like.


Encyclopedia of Chicago History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Somewhere between Los Angeles and New York is a metropolis affectionately referred to by some as the "Second City". Also known as Chicago, this fair city has recently received its due with the publication of this outstanding reference volume. The online version offered on this site is even more authoritative than the print volume, as it contains a number of interactive maps and special features. Produced by the Chicago Historical Society, the Newberry Library and Northwestern University, this online edition allows users to search the entire contents of the Encyclopedia, and even browse digitized versions of the primary historical documents that serve as the research materials for the print articles. From the homepage, visitors can peruse a user's guide to the Encyclopedia. Each entry includes hypertext links, and in some cases, illustrative materials. For additional information, each entry also features some additional readings. Visitors will also want to take a look at the lovely maps produced for the volume, including a rather compelling map of Chicago's blues clubs. Finally, the special features area includes several interpretive digital essays on the Plan of Chicago of 1909 and galleries on such important topics as "How Chicagoans Remember Their History".


Early History of Titan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We revisit models for the early history of Titan. Our models start a few My after the production of calcium- aluminum inclusions (CAIs), consistent with the dates required by our thermophysical-dynamical modeling of Saturn's medium-sized satellites. Depending on the time of formation with respect to CAIs, the accretion time scale, and the available accretional energy, models of Titan's interior after accretion are partially to fully differentiated. At one extreme of the models, Titan accretes incorporating a minimal amount of heat. This results in a relatively cold core that, over the long term, heats up and overturns, consistent with previous models of Titan. At the other extreme, accretional heat and heat fom the decay of short-lived radiogenic isotopes results in quick and complete differentiation. In this model there is no core overturn, and conditions soon develop for silicate serpentinization, and hydrothermal activity starts. We identify the periods during which conditions are suitable for hydrothermal geochemistry leading to the production of molecular nitrogen from ammonia decomposition and methane from the Fischer-Tropsch reaction. Key questions include the availability of suitable metal catalysts and/or clay minerals, storage of the reactants and products in the interior of Titan, and mechanisms by which they are released to the atmosphere. Acknowledgements: This work was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory-California Institute of Technology, under contract to NASA.

Castillo-Rogez, J. C.; Matson, D. L.; Johnson, T. V.; Atreya, S.; Lunine, J. I.



Airline History Museum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Airline History Museum (AHM) in Kansas City, Missouri has a blog with such a tremendous selection of video, photographs, and updates about what's going on at the museum that visitors will feel like they have already been to the museum. "The Beginning" link, at the top of the homepage, will lead visitors to a few paragraphs about the birth of the museum along with a seven-minute documentary. The menu on the left side of the homepage has links under "Aircraft", to "Our Planes", "AHM Movies" and "Photo Albums". Visitors can see under "Our Planes" that the Museum has a Lockheed Constellation (Connie), DC-3, Martin 404, and an L-1011, and each plane featured has many photographs to illustrate the story of how the Museum got each plane, and what each had to go through before being displayed. The arrival of their L-1011-100 even has photos of the engines being removed prior to its arrival at the Museum. One of the most recent blog entries allows visitors to watch video of their DC-3 engine run in Arkansas, which is a pretty great find.


Women's History Month  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

More than half a dozen government cultural agencies, including the Library of Congress, National Gallery of Art, National Park Service, Smithsonian Institution and United States Holocaust Memorial Museum have contributed to this website celebrating Women's History Month. The theme for 2009 is "Women's commitment to the environment", but this website also has information on influential women in all areas. Visitors can read more about the current theme by clicking on the link "Women Taking the Lead to Save our Planet" on the far right side of the page, near the top. Once there, click on the big square logo to learn more about this year's theme, and its honorees. Back on the homepage, visitors can link to "Exhibits & Collections", using the menu on the far left side of the page. Some of the categories to view are "First-Person Accounts", "Politics", and "Women and War". In the link to "Audio/Video", also located in the menu on the far left side of the page, visitors will find a variety of authors discussing their books, as well as other podcasts, webcasts, and readings from the annual National Book Festival.Moving on, in the "For Teachers" link, in the left side menu, visitors will find lesson plans, student activities and research aids, all incorporating primary sources from Library of Congress, National Archives, National Gallery of Art, and the National Park Service.


World Legal History Needs You.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A course syllabus for world legal history is presented to encourage more instruction in that field. It includes segments on modern and early primitive law, early civilized legal systems, medieval religious legal systems, acceptance and rejection of Roman law in Europe, and developments in the legal history of specific countries. (MSE)

Funk, David A.



Perspectives: Women in Nebraska History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen essays direct attention to the lives and achievements of outstanding women in Nebraska history. Most of the women described in the essays did their major work in literature, the arts, education, or some other related human service. Only two essays are not focused on specific women--"Union Maids in Omaha Labor History, 1887-1945," which…

Johnson, Paul G., Ed.; Machacek, Rosemary, Ed.


The Future of American History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that, although no one can predict what kinds of history U.S. historians will be writing in the 21st century, it is reasonable to ask what history might be needed and how scholars might address these needs. Provides four suggestions for priorities in historical research. (CFR)

Higham, John



History of Higher Education, 1992.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual compilation offers six articles on the history of higher education. In the first article, "The Historical Matrix of American Higher Education," Roger L. Geiger provides an overview of the history of American higher education. Following it, E. D. Duryea, Jurgen Herbst, and W. Bruce Leslie comment on his hypothesis which identifies eight…

History of Higher Education, 1992



History's Purpose in Antebellum Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many scholars have argued that history education during the antebellum period in the United States supported conservative values and sought to produce close-minded citizens. History textbooks of that era, they frequently posit, cast Americans as God's chosen people and present the past in a style that reaffirms established social conventions. Ruth…

McInnis, Edward Cromwell



Weaving History through the Major  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The benefits of including the study of the history of mathematics in the education of mathematics majors have been discussed at length elsewhere. Many colleges and universities now offer a History of Mathematics course for mathematics majors, for mathematics education majors, or for general credit. At Hood College, we emphasize our commitment to…

Mayfield, Betty



Anthropometric History: What Is It?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the contributions of anthropometric history to the understanding of standards of living in the past. Defines anthropometric history as a methodology that uses body height as a proxy measure for economic variables determining how well the human organism thrives in its socioeconomic environment. Suggests that anthropometric methodology…

Komlos, John



Introduction to Media Literacy History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Why is it important for us to consider the history of media literacy? Beyond forging connections of the past to the present, exploring the history of the field can deepen intellectual curiosity and understanding for those who work in media literacy education, ignite interest in others, and drive investigation into understanding the relationships…

Bordac, Sarah Evelyn



Art History Awards and Scholarships  

E-print Network

in at least one additional Art History course. Angela Elizabeth Davis Memorial Prize in Art History This prize is presented in memory of Dr. Angela Davis, a 1977 B.A.(Hons.) and 1979 , M.A. graduate of the University, who

Martin, Jeff


New borderlines for art history  

Microsoft Academic Search

European Art History steadfastly continues to classify artistic production according to national schools. This system of categorization inevitably leads to defining the national character of a people through its art. This is not to deny that regional differences are important in European art history. However, for the most part, regional differences have little to do with nations as such if




The Case for "Big History."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Urges an approach to the teaching of history that takes the largest possible perspective, crossing time as well as space. Discusses the problems and advantages of such an approach. Describes a course on "big" history that begins with time, creation myths, and astronomy, and moves on to paleontology and evolution. (DK)

Christian, David



The Florida Library History Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Florida Library History Project (FLHP) began in January 1998. Letters requesting histories were sent to all public libraries in Florida with follow-up letters sent after an initial response was received from the libraries. E-mail messages were sent out to FL-LIB listservs encouraging participation in the project. A poster session was presented…

Jasper, Catherine; McCook, Kathleen de la Pena


History Sources on the Internet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides descriptions of key online history resources useful to teachers, librarians, and other education professionals. Highlights include: primary sources on the Internet; archives; Online Public Access Catalogs (OPACs); the American Historical Association (AHA) Web site; state and federal government resources; business history

Fink, Kenneth D.


History of Higher Education: Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the history of undergraduate curriculum in the United States from the colonial period to the present, arguing that the drive for utility has been the main force shaping curricular trends. It discusses the purpose of early colonial colleges and their curricula, which emphasized Latin, Greek, Hebrew, ancient history, theology,…

Harada, Myra


History Department Guidelines for Referencing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Offered by the University of Colorado at Boulder History Department, this guide offers essential advice for undergraduates writing papers for History courses. It is clearly organized and provides numerous examples. University instructors will find this page an excellent resource to link to from their online course pages or syllabi.


The art of natural history  

Microsoft Academic Search

History of Comparative Anatomy, Choulant's History and Bibliography of Anatomic Illustration, Diringer's The Alphabet (lst and 2nd editions), and the many works of Agnes Arber and Charles Singer. This is the simplest solution, and from many points of view the best, because the book stays at a manageable size, the text is less fragmented and hence more readable and the

Michael Macdonald-Ross; S. Peter



American Educational History Journal, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 2001 annual publication contains 31 articles on topics germane to the history of education. Each year, this journal publishes papers presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest History of Education Society. After the "Introduction" (R. J. Taggart) articles in this year's issue are: "Origins of the American Federation of Teachers: Issues…

Watras, Joseph, Ed.



History, Education, and Public Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book of essays is a survey of recent developments in the history and historiography of American education. It highlights disagreements among practitioners of the art, significant research, book reviews, and contributions of history to the broader study of American education. Specific topics covered include: public education and the education…

Warren, Donald R., Ed.


Demonic memory for process histories  

Microsoft Academic Search

Demonic memory is a form of reconstructive memory for process histories. As a process executes, its states are regularly checkpointed, generating a history of the process at low time resolution. Following the initial generation, any prior state of the process can be reconstructed by starting from a checkpointed state and re-executing the process up through the desired state, thereby exploiting

Paul R. Wilson; Thomas G. Moher



Orphan Trains in Iowa History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The "Goldfinch" is a magazine that introduces children to different aspects of Iowa history. Each issue contains articles that provide in-depth knowledge of a topic about Iowa. The focus of this issue is orphan trains in Iowa it introduces readers to some of the people heroes of modern history who rode the trains west between 1854 and 1929 in…

Frese, Millie K., Ed.



Mississippi Department of Archives & History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1902, the Mississippi Department of Archives and History is the second oldest department of archives and history in the United States. From its headquarters in Jackson, the Department administers a host of public history programs, the state archives and library, as well as offering oversight to a number of National Historic Landmarks in the state. Visitors with a penchant for Mississippi history will want to take a look at the agency's online newsletter and its special feature, "Mississippi History NOW". Visitors can also look through individual sites for each historic site maintained by the department, including the home of Eudora Welty and historic Jefferson College. Of course, users will want to also peruse the online finding aids and archival management documents if they plan on using this resources in the future.


The history of African trypanosomiasis  

PubMed Central

The prehistory of African trypanosomiasis indicates that the disease may have been an important selective factor in the evolution of hominids. Ancient history and medieval history reveal that African trypanosomiasis affected the lives of people living in sub-Saharan African at all times. Modern history of African trypanosomiasis revolves around the identification of the causative agents and the mode of transmission of the infection, and the development of drugs for treatment and methods for control of the disease. From the recent history of sleeping sickness we can learn that the disease can be controlled but probably not be eradicated. Current history of human African trypanosomiasis has shown that the production of anti-sleeping sickness drugs is not always guaranteed, and therefore, new, better and cheaper drugs are urgently required. PMID:18275594

Steverding, Dietmar



Teach and Learn Wisconsin History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Whether youâ??re a teacher or just a history buff, the Teach and Learn Wisconsin History section of the Wisconsin Historical Society website has plenty to offer. Think about beginning with A Short History of Wisconsin, which provides synopses of five distinct periods, starting with Ancient Land and First Peoples and culminating in The Progressive Era. Wisconsin History Essays proffer dozens of short treatises on local history topics, like â??Polka Rhythms Bandstandâ?ť and â??A Hostile Mob Surrounds Wisconsin Soldiers.â?ť Also take a look at the Wisconsin Communities area with 82 historical essays about towns and cities throughout the state. Lastly, the site provides dozens of biographies in the Historical Figures section. These brief essays can be refined by subject, county, or community and include such notable figures as John Nolen, Governor Alexander W. Randall, and Laura Ingalls Wilder.


Merry E. Wiesner - World History and the History of Women, Gender, and Sexuality - Journal of World History 18:1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women's history had its origins in the women's movement and in the new social history, and like other areas of social history, it has seen relatively few interchanges with world history as both have developed over the past twenty years. This article suggests some of the reasons for this lack of intersection; assesses recent scholarship that brings world history and

Merry Wiesner-Hanks



Application of oral history to economics: Family Economic History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Application of Oral History to Economics: Family Economic History The assignment will connect an oral history approach to the examination of economic concepts such as opportunity cost of attending school, economic crises (inflation and unemployment, etc.), and standard of living over time. Particularly, students will interview parents, grandparents, or family members from older generations regarding the types of work they performed, economic decisions they have made, and the economic conditions while they were growing up. The project develops a student's ability to understand and integrate these concepts from a variety of perspectives and real world situation.

Manijeh Sabi


The history of LASIK.  


Keratomileusis, brainchild of Jose I. Barraquer Moner, was conceived and developed as the first stromal sculpting method to correct refractive error in 1948. The word "keratomileusis" literally means "sculpting" of the "cornea." Barraquer's first procedures involved freezing a disc of anterior corneal tissue before removing stromal tissue with a lathe. Over the years, the procedure continued to develop, first through the Barraquer-Krumeich-Swinger non-freeze technique where tissue was removed from the underside of the disc by a second pass of the microkeratome. In-situ keratomileusis was later developed by passing the microkeratome a second time directly on the stromal bed. The procedure became known as automated lamellar keratoplasty with the invention of an automated microkeratome and was further refined by replacing the disc without sutures and later by stopping the microkeratome before the end of the pass to create a hinged flap, as first demonstrated in 1989. The history of the excimer laser dates back to 1900 and the quantum theory, eventually leading to the discovery that 193-nm ultraviolet excimer laser pulses could photoablate tissue without thermal damage. Ultrastructural and wound healing studies confirmed that large area ablation could be performed in the central cornea. This was described as photorefractive keratectomy in 1986 and the first sighted eyes were treated in 1988. An excimer laser was first used to sculpt from the stromal bed under a hinged flap created manually using a trephine and scalpel in 1988. The incorporation of a microkeratome in 1990 finally led to laser in situ keratomileusis-LASIK-as we know it today. PMID:22496438

Reinstein, Dan Z; Archer, Timothy J; Gobbe, Marine



Postdoctoral Scholar position Area: History of Medicine (history of neuroscience & psychiatry)  

E-print Network

Postdoctoral Scholar position Area: History of Medicine (history of neuroscience & psychiatry of Calgary is accepting applications for a Postdoctoral Fellow in the History of Neuroscience & Psychiatry

de Leon, Alex R.


History Untold: Celebrating Ohio History Through ABLE Students. Ohio History Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a compilation of 33 pieces of writing presenting Ohio adult basic and literacy education (ABLE) students' perspectives of community and personal history. The items included in the compilation were written by ABLE students across Ohio in celebration of Ohio History Day. The compilation is organized in five sections as follows: (1)…

Kent State Univ., OH. Ohio Literacy Resource Center.


master of architecture 2-year HISTORY/THEORY ELECTIVES  

E-print Network

563 Colonial/Post-Colonial History 568 Russian History 573 History of Arch 588 History of Buildingmaster of architecture 2-year HISTORY/THEORY ELECTIVES 503 Special Topics History* 518 Renaissance History 528 Baroque History 533 19th Century History 543 20th Century History 553 American Architecture

Papalambros, Panos


Revolutionizing history education : using augmented reality games to teach histories  

E-print Network

In an ever-changing present of multiple truths and reconfigured histories, people need to be critical thinkers. Research has suggested the potential for using augmented reality (AR) games- location-based games that use ...

Schrier, Karen L



Art History The School of Humanities  

E-print Network

98 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American, Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies. The major in art history

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca


Art History The School of Humanities  

E-print Network

1 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA, PhD The Department of Art History,Asian,andMiddleEastern/Islamicarthistorywithadditionalstrengths in architectural history and film studies. The major in art history is structured to expose students in Art History For general university requirements, see Graduation Requirements (Undergraduate Students

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca


Art History The School of Humanities  

E-print Network

104 Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American, Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history with additional strengths in architectural history and film and media studies. The major in art history

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca


Art History (Graphic Design) Bachelor of Arts  

E-print Network

Art History (Graphic Design) Bachelor of Arts 2014-15 Degree Map First Year Fall Winter Spring History Elective 4 Upper Division Art History Elective1 4 ARH 407 or 449 4 Upper Division Art History Spring Notes & Milestones Course Credit Course Credit Course Credit Upper Division Art History Elective 4

Latiolais, M. Paul


World History Center 2012 Faculty Research Award  

E-print Network

World History Center 2012 Faculty Research Award The World History Center will award a research to the Katie Jones ( at the World History Center by March 30, 2012. The World History Center the World History Center. The previous awardees; 2011 Rob Ruck and Rebecca Shumway 2010 Pinar Emiralioglu

Sibille, Etienne


College of Liberal Arts Department of History  

E-print Network

history College of Liberal Arts Department of History 907-474-7126 BA Degree Minimum Requirements for Degree: 120 credits The history department seeks to prepare students history and how we have sought to solve them. If you enjoy studying and researching major cultural, social

Hartman, Chris



E-print Network

FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCE DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY The Department of History invites applications-US Applicants must have a Ph.D. in History, a strong record of scholarly publication, and university- level: · International, Transnational and/or Global History · Public and Digital History · Environment

Sinnamon, Gordon J.


Department of History Map Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Provided by the History Department of the United States Military Academy (West Point), this site offers an extensive collection (over 400) of color maps originally produced for a course entitled History of the Military Art. The atlases cover international and civil conflicts from American colonial campaigns to Somalia in 1992-93. The maps are browsed by war/ conflict and are presented as large thumbnails which link to a full-sized image. Please note that these may take a while to load even with faster connections. In all, an excellent and well-organized resource for those interested in military history and cartography.


Organizing the History of Computing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper tries to distill some of the ‘lessons learned’ from the Charles Babbage Institute’s quarter-century experience (1980-present) in organizing the history of computing. It draws on the author’s (recent) experience as CBI director; conversations with Arthur Norberg, CBI’s long-time founding director; and papers delivered at a special symposium appraising CBI’s role in computing history, which appeared in the IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 29 no. 4 (October-December 2007).

Misa, Thomas J.


The Jewish History Resource Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Website from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem serves primarily as a fine gateway on Jewish History resources. Topics covered include biblical history, the Second Temple and the Talmudic Era, the Holocaust, Archaeology, Zionism and the State of Israel, American Jewish History, and Women's Studies, among others. Also available on-site are a listing of Hebrew University Dissertations; a conference calendar; annotated directories of relevant archives, libraries, and databases; numerous bibliographies indexed by historical topics, and much more. The site is frequently updated and easily navigated.


Lesson on History of Utah  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesion is designed to give students a high level overview of the history of the area we now call the state of Utah. Materials needed: Computer with Internet connection Lesson Overview: For the purposes of this lesson, the history of the geographic are we now call Utah has been divided into five chronographic time periods. 1. Utah Prehistory 2. Missionaries, Trappers and Explores 3. Pioneers, Settlers & Statehood 4. World Conflict and Depression 5. Utah Today By using the resources on the history for kids link, which ...

Thackeray, Lynn



BRS "Symmetry", prehistory and history  

E-print Network

Prehistory - Starting from 't Hooft's (1971) we have a short look at Taylor's and Slavnov's works (1971-72) and at the lectures given by Rouet and Stora in Lausanne-1973 which determine the transition from pre-history to history. History - We give a brief account of the main analyses and results of the BRS collaboration concerning the renormalized gauge theories, in particular the method of the regularization independent, algebraic renormalization, the algebraic proof of S-matrix unitarity and that of gauge choice independence of the renormalized physics. We conclude this report with a suggestion to the crucial question: what could remain of BRS invariance beyond perturbation theory.

Carlo M. Becchi



Danish auroral science history  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Danish auroral science history begins with the early auroral observations made by the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe during the years from 1582 to 1601 preceding the Maunder minimum in solar activity. Included are also the brilliant observations made by another astronomer, Ole Rřmer, from Copenhagen in 1707, as well as the early auroral observations made from Greenland by missionaries during the 18th and 19th centuries. The relations between auroras and geomagnetic variations were analysed by H. C. Řrsted, who also played a vital role in the development of Danish meteorology that came to include comprehensive auroral observations from Denmark, Iceland and Greenland as well as auroral and geomagnetic research. The very important auroral investigations made by Sophus Tromholt are outlined. His analysis from 1880 of auroral observations from Greenland prepared for the significant contributions from the Danish Meteorological Institute, DMI, (founded in 1872) to the first International Polar Year 1882/83, where an expedition headed by Adam Paulsen was sent to Greenland to conduct auroral and geomagnetic observations. Paulsen's analyses of the collected data gave many important results but also raised many new questions that gave rise to auroral expeditions to Iceland in 1899 to 1900 and to Finland in 1900 to 1901. Among the results from these expeditions were 26 unique paintings of the auroras made by the artist painter, Harald Moltke. The expedition to Finland was headed by Dan la Cour, who later as director of the DMI came to be in charge of the comprehensive international geomagnetic and auroral observations made during the Second International Polar Year in 1932/33. Finally, the article describes the important investigations made by Knud Lassen during, among others, the International Geophysical Year 1957/58 and during the International Quiet Sun Year (IQSY) in 1964/65. With his leadership the auroral and geomagnetic research at DMI reached a high international level that came to be the background for the first Danish satellite, Řrsted, successfully launched in 1999 and still in operation.

Stauning, P.



History of food allergy.  


In this chapter we will first consider whether there is real evidence on the basis of literature for early descriptions in antiquity of pathogenic reactions after food intake that could be comparable to allergy, for instance in the scriptures of Hippocrates or Lucretius. On this topic we are skeptical, which is in agreement with the medical historian Hans Schadewaldt. We also assert that it is unlikely that King Richard III was the first food-allergic individual in medical literature. Most probably it was not a well-planned poisoning ('allergy') with strawberries, but rather a birth defect ('… his harm was ever such since his birth') that allowed the Lord Protector to bring Mylord of Ely to the scaffold in the Tower, as we can read in The History of King Richard III by Thomas More (1478-1535; published by his son-in-law, Rastell, in 1557). In 1912, the American pediatrician Oscar Menderson Schloss (1882-1952) was probably the first to describe scratch tests in the diagnosis of food allergy. Milestones in the practical diagnosis of food allergy are further discussed, including scratch tests, intradermal tests, modified prick tests and prick-to-prick tests. False-negative results can be attributed to the phenomenon of a 'catamnestic reaction' according to Max Werner (1911-1987), or to the fermentative degradation of food products. Prior to the discovery of immunoglobulin E, which marked a turning point in allergy diagnosis, and the introduction of the radioallergosorbent test in 1967, several more or less reliable techniques were used in the diagnosis of food allergy, such as pulse rate increase after food intake according to Coca, the leukopenic index, drop in basophils or drastic platelet decrease. The 'leukocytotoxic test' (Bryan's test), today called the 'ALCAT' test, shows no scientific evidence. The double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge test remains the gold standard in the diagnosis of food allergy. For the future, component-resolved diagnostics with the use of recombinant molecular allergens or chip arrays, such as the ISAC technique, hold a lot of promise. With regard to the clinical situation, a subjective selection is given, touching on the pollen-associated food allergies ('birch-mugwort-celery-spice syndrome'), as well as the new phenomenon of lethal food allergies that have appeared since the 1980s. Finally, rare ways of elicitation of a 'derivative allergy', first described by Erich Fuchs (1921-2008), for example by kissing, as well as 'oral allergy syndrome' and oral hyposensitization are considered. PMID:24925391

Wüthrich, Brunello



S\\GRADUATIONCKSHEET\\HISTORY\\HISTORY04-05 05-06 Catalog Cat._____________ Date_______________________  

E-print Network

S\\GRADUATIONCKSHEET\\HISTORY\\HISTORY04-05 05-06 Catalog Cat._____________ Date_______________________ HISTORY Graduation___________________ Minor______________________ Student #_______________________ Name______________________ SS#_______________________ Non-History Courses Completed Remaining Required English 1157 1158

Kulp, Mark


S\\GRADUATIONCKSHEET\\HISTORY\\HISTORY04-05 10-11 Catalog Cat._____________ Date_______________________  

E-print Network

S\\GRADUATIONCKSHEET\\HISTORY\\HISTORY04-05 10-11 Catalog Cat._____________ Date_______________________ HISTORY Graduation___________________ Minor______________________ Student #_______________________ Name______________________ SS#_______________________ Non-History Courses Completed Remaining Required English 1157 1158

Kulp, Mark


A philatelic history of anesthesiology.  


Thematic or topical philately deals with stamp collection based on a particular topic or theme. This article deals with a thematic depiction of the history of anesthesia from ancient to modern times using stamps, postal stationery and cancellations. PMID:23492850

Sekhar, K C



The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sitting on the banks of Lake Erie, the city of Cleveland has been an industrial powerhouse for over a century, and its history is a fascinating one. This online encyclopedia of Cleveland history was created with the cooperation of the history department at Case Western Reserve University, along with the assistance of other scholars. David D. VanTassel and John J. Grabowski compiled the encyclopedia, and visitors can perform a full-text search across all of the articles here as well as the image gallery. Visitors may wish to start by taking a look at the "Foreword" and the "Readers' Guide", both of which can be found in the "Supplementary Text" area. Visitors who wish to browse around in a thematic fashion will want to consult the "Subjects" area, which organizes the articles from "African American History" to "Zoo".


Gabrielle Hecht Department of History  

E-print Network

and Sociology of Science, University of Pennsylvania, 1988 S.B., Physics, Massachusetts in Anthropology and History, 1999-present · Associate Professor (joint appointment), Residential). Special journal issue "Postcolonial technoscience." Social Studies of Science Vol. 32

Edwards, Paul N.



E-print Network

­ is always a performance" (Greg Dening, "Performing on the Beaches of the Mind: An Essay"). In the context, and performance · Staging historical events and cataclysms · Theatre of (auto)biography and testimony · History

Sankoff, David



E-print Network

Monographs 23: 41-78. Plant communities responded to changes in soil variability within a given climatic;History of ecological sites National Research Council (1994) SRM Unity in Concepts and Terminology (1995


New Directions in Immigration History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Defines new directions that immigration history has taken in the 1980s, and indicates areas in which further work should be done. A variety of subjects are discussed - from recent immigration arrivals to new methods of historical data collection. (BSR)

Seller, Maxine S.



Ideology and American Educational History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the role of ideologies in the history of American education. A case study showing how the Protestant ideology influenced the social outlook and actions of school reformers in the antebellum period of the nineteenth century is included. (AM)

Kaestle, Carl F.


404 Automobile History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library provides this review of Automobile History. The article covers the history of cars, famous automobile makers, and identifies the different models and automobile accessories/parts. The timelines section includes a link to a chronological history of the automobile. The feature article begins with the first steam, electrical, and gasoline-engine cars and goes on to tell of "the controversy behind discovering who was really first in car history" and to help visitors understand the importance of the internal combustion engine. Other interesting aspects tell of the lives of famous automotive makers and assembly line workers, as well as the origins of the name automobile. After reading the article, visitors are invited to try their "fun automobile trivia quiz." Related information on Motorcycles, Tractors, Roads, and Engines is also provided.


Geospatial Revolution: History of Geography  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this video from Penn State Public Broadcasting’s Geospatial Revolution project, experts trace the history of geography from clay tablets during Babylonian times to mapmaking from horseback in the 1800s to digital maps produced by computers.




History - Child - Family Discussion List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This new unmoderated mailing list has been created to "enable exchange of ideas and resources among teachers and researchers of childhood and family history in Britain and Europe." The homepage contains list information and searchable message archives.


A philatelic history of anesthesiology  

PubMed Central

Thematic or topical philately deals with stamp collection based on a particular topic or theme. This article deals with a thematic depiction of the history of anesthesia from ancient to modern times using stamps, postal stationery and cancellations. PMID:23492850

Sekhar, K C



Cultural History in Europe institutions -themes -perspectives  

E-print Network

1 Cultural History in Europe institutions - themes - perspectives International Conference questions: The institutionalisation of cultural history at universities, research institutes and other tradition of cultural history in the Scandinavian countries Denmark, Sweden and Norway, the common roots

Hanke-Bourgeois, Martin


78 FR 14433 - Women's History Month, 2013  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...of February 28, 2013 Women's History Month, 2013 By...talents will take you. Women's History Month is a time...or higher premiums for health insurance, or inadequate...proclaim March 2013 as Women's History Month. I...



Surgeon General's Family Health History Initiative  


Surgeon General's Family Health History Initiative Health care professionals have known for a long time that common diseases - heart disease, cancer, ... learn more about their family health history. My Family Health Portrait Tool Americans know that family history ...


Rachel Gross U.S. Environmental History  

E-print Network

Rachel Gross U.S. Environmental History Prof. William Cronon Summer 2012 of Environmental History," American Historical Review 100 (1995): 1177-89. Conzen, Michael P. The Republic of Nature: An Environmental History of the United States. Seattle

Wisconsin at Madison, University of


History Program University of Northern British Columbia  

E-print Network

History Program University of Northern British Columbia History Master's Theses completed at UNBC of early Prince George history is the ongoing feud between the city's first two newspapers. On the surface

Bolch, Tobias


Graduate Student Handbook Department of History  

E-print Network

Graduate Student Handbook Department of History University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Revised September..............................................................................9 Guidelines for History PhD: program of study, preliminary examination, and dissertation's History Department Time Limit, Residence Requirement, and Applying for Graduation Departmental

Saldin, Dilano


Classics of American Colonial History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Presented by Dinsmore Documentation, Classics of American Colonial History is a research database consisting of scholarly books and articles on American colonial history that, according to the creators, "appear to be of continuing interest." The collection currently offers 22 source materials by 15 different authors. Browseable by author or subject, the collection contains subject categories including Administration, African Americans and Slavery, Economics and Trade, Immigration from Europe, Law, Native Americans, Politics, Religion, and Wars.


South Florida Ecosystem History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Ecosystem History Project is designed to integrate studies of terrestrial, marine, and freshwater ecosystems in South Florida. Projects cover Biscayne Bay, Florida Bay, and terrestrial ecosystems. Each project gives an introduction, investigation methods, evidence of past ecosystem changes, and modern distribution of flora and fauna. Recent ecosystem history is based on paleontology, palynology, geochemistry, hydrology, and sedimentology as seen in core samples. There are links to open-file reports, salinity maps, a database, poster presentations, and a Kid's Corner.


Quantum History cannot be Copied  

E-print Network

We show that unitarity does not allow cloning of any two points in a ray. This has implication for cloning of the geometric phase information in a quantum state. In particular, the quantum history which is encoded in the geometric phase during cyclic evolution of a quantum system cannot be copied. We also prove that the generalized geometric phase information cannot be copied by a unitary operation. We argue that our result also holds in the consistent history formulation of quantum mechanics.

Arun K. Pati



1 Fine Arts and Art History FINE ARTS AND ART HISTORY  

E-print Network

1 Fine Arts and Art History FINE ARTS AND ART HISTORY Through the making of art and the study grounded in related historical and theoretical issues. In the art history curriculum, students gain an in in art history (http:// history) · Bachelor

Vertes, Akos


Master of Arts in History The Department of History offers courses of  

E-print Network

Master of Arts in History The Department of History offers courses of study leading to the Master of Arts (MA) degree with specializations in U.S. history, European history, and public history. Admission Requirements Admission to the MA program requires completion of an undergraduate major in history, or a minimum


Buffalo Trace Oral History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This engaging project was developed by the Louie B. Nunn Center for Oral History at the University of Kentucky Libraries. It was designed to preserve the story of the Buffalo Trace Distillery in Frankfort, Kentucky which has a truly remarkable history intertwined with that of the Bluegrass State. The project features the people and stories of the Buffalo Trace family, such as master distiller emeritus Elmer T. Lee and descendants of figures like Colonel Albert Blanton and Pappy Van Winkle. On the top of the homepage, visitors can make their way through sections such as Brands, People, Roles, Documentary, and Image Gallery. The Documentary contains a complete film about the history of this unique business and the People section features interesting interviews with those who have made the business known around the world.


Harvard Iranian Oral History Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Oral histories can be quite fascinating, and a number of significant collections have been placed online as of late. One of the best-known projects might be Harvard University's own Iranian Oral History Project (IOHP). The collection consists of the personal accounts of over 150 individuals who were eyewitnesses (or active participants) to a range of crucial political events in Iran from the 1920s to the 1980s. Visitors can start their journey through this site by going to the "About" section, where they can learn about the history of the IHOP and the interviewing process. After that, visitors can go the actual "Transcripts" area, where they can view an index of interviews, and in certain cases, they can listen to audio recordings of these conversations.


The history of neuromyelitis optica  

PubMed Central

The discovery of a novel serum autoantibody (termed NMO-IgG or AQP4-Ab) in a subset of patients in 2004 has revived interest in neuromyelitis optica (NMO). While the history of classical multiple sclerosis has been extensively studied, only little is known about the history of NMO. In the present article, we provide a comprehensive review of the early history of this rare but intriguing syndrome. We trace the origins of the concept of NMO in the 19th century medical literature and follow its evolution throughout the 20th and into the 21st century. Finally, we discuss recent proposals to revise the concept of NMO and explain why there is indeed a need for a more systematic and descriptive nomenclature. PMID:23320783



Alaska Museum of Natural History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ever wanted to have your own volcano laboratory, but didn't want to clean up all that lava? Be a super-scientist and create your own volcano online. The Alaska Museum of Natural History is dedicated to the study and exhibition of Alaskaâs natural history and to promoting and developing educational programs which benefit students and enrich the curricula of schools and universities. The Museum focuses on Alaska's unique geological, cultural, and ecological history. In addition to Make Your Own Volcano, the website offers extensive links, resources and educational modules including Kids Activity Sheets, Dinosaurs of Alaska, the Broken Mammoth Archeological Site, and Dinosaur Tracks, which explores the information that can be gleaned from the study of footprints.


Center for History of Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the American Institute of Physics' (ADP) Center for History of Physics "is to preserve and make known the history of modern physics and allied fields." Visiting the History Exhibits, teachers and students can find interactive tutorials about many prominent physicists and important research such as Heisenberg's theory of uncertainty and the discovery of the electron. Users can search Emilio Segr�'s collection of 25,000 historical photographs, slides, lithographs, engravings, and other images. Researchers can find out how to gain access to the books, journals, photographs, interviews, and other historical documents held at the Niels Bohr Library. Educators can find helpful sample syllabi and reading lists created by physics instructors. With so much historical physics information to offer, anyone interested in physics would benefit by visiting this site.



Internet History of Science Sourcebook  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Edited by Paul Halsall, PhD, Assistant Professor of History at the University of North Florida, this Fordham University metasite contains links to documents and Web resources pertaining to the history of science. Although this site has a historical focus, it includes interesting science-related links and original texts from great scientific thinkers. Contents are organized by geographic locations and epistemologies. Topics range from the relevant history of Greco-Roman Culture to sites on the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution. The links are classified to indicate the type of resources, and Halsall claims to have taken care to choose sites of educational value. This is an unusual collection of links for those interested in reading about the development of scientific thought.


West Virginia Archives and History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The state government of West Virginia has crafted this site to help residents of the state and others learn more about the history and culture of this unique place. The site contains over seventeen areas chronicling state history, quizzes, and resources for teachers. The Highway Historical Markers area is quite a bit of fun, as it can be used to plan a scholarly road trip based around these markers that chronicle the "Lost Colony," the Huntington State Hospital, and historic Brickyard Bend. The Teachers Resources area includes website activities and in-class lesson plans, such as those related to John Brown, racial integration in the public schools, and the Civil War. Finally, the Audio/Video section of the site contains over 70 clips of events like the 1971 Buffalo Creek Disaster, John F. Kennedy's campaign through the state in 1960, and excerpts from the Archives and History Library's evening program.



Women in World History Curriculum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Under the able direction of educator Lyn Reese, the Women in World History Curriculum project has been developing materials that introduce women's history into the secondary level classroom for more than two decades. Teachers and parents will enjoy perusing the online materials here, which include reviews of various curricula, reviews of women's history books that may be useful in the classroom, and of course, some historical background essays on topics such as women and the Crusades and historical perspectives on Islamic dress. The site also contains 13 activities that educators may use in their classrooms. The topics covered by these activities include the role of women in the early Industrial Revolution period in England and the fight for global suffrage. Additionally, some of the educational materials featured here are available for purchase.


eHistory at OSU  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

eHistory has been around in one form or another since 1995, when it was created by the budding historian Scott Laidig. These days, eHistory is operated and maintained by The Ohio State University's history department. Dedicated to all things historical, the site contains primary sources and documents, original book reviews, digitized books, maps, and multimedia features. These multimedia features are uniformly quite good, and they cover topics such as the internment of Japanese-Americans in the United States during World War II and responses to immigration over the past 125 years. Historians will want to look through the "Primary Sources" area at length, as it contains letters and diaries from the Civil War, along with the oft-cited "The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies" in all of its 128-volume glory.


Natural History of the Berkshires  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Thousands of people both known and unknown have roamed through the Berkshires to listen to music at Tanglewood or to take a long walk up Mt. Greylock. This enchanting guide to the natural history of this ancient mountain range in western Massachusetts was created by Professor Henry Art of Williams College as part of his work with his students. The homepage provides a bit of background history on these hills and valleys, along with some nice images. Visitors can then proceed through the Locations tabs to look over such notable landmarks as Mount Greylock, Petersburg Pass, Stonehill, and the Hoosic Floodplain. Each of these tabs contains maps, directions, images, and even some videos. It's a site that might inspire a new interest in natural history or perhaps your own jaunt out to this distinct region.

Art, Henry W.


Tradeoffs in bacteriophage life histories  

PubMed Central

Viruses are the most abundant biological entities on the planet, yet most classical principles of evolutionary biology and ecology were not developed with viruses in mind. Here, the concept of biological tradeoffs, a fundamental tenet of life history theory, is examined in the context of bacteriophage biology. Specifically, several important parameters of phage life histories—replication, persistence, host range, and adsorption—are evaluated for tradeoffs. Available data indicate that replication rate is strongly negatively correlated with both persistence and host range, suggesting that the well-documented tradeoff in macroorganisms between offspring production and offspring quality also applies to phages. The biological tradeoffs that appear to characterize viruses’ life histories have potential importance for viral evolution, ecology, and pathogenesis. PMID:24616839

Keen, Eric C



Teaching and Learning History: The Research Base.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a review of research literature that was undertaken to determine the extent to which research about teaching and learning history supports the current reform movement. Examines history's status in the schools, surveys recent trends in the history curriculum, explores how teachers use textbooks, and questions the appropriateness of history

Downey, Matthew T.; Levstik, Linda S.



Teaching Art History in Interdisciplinary Courses.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses how to teach art history in college level interdisciplinary courses. Today, art historians find themselves involved in teaching art history not only in art history curricula, but also in interdisciplinary studies, such as Ancient Greek Culture, Renaissance in France, and Women in Art. When teaching art history in…

Cheney, Leana


Developing Oral History in Chinese Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared with oral history in most Western countries, oral history theory and practice in Mainland China lag behind in both study and practice. This paper outlines the experience of oral history work in the Shantou university library, and the types and features of the oral history collected by the library. It examines problems in the development…

Songhui, Zheng



History Through Biography? A Conceptual Research Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social studies classroom teachers can enliven high school history courses and motivate students to learn about history by using dramatic or heroic biographies in teaching history. The biographical approach centers on study of the lives, beliefs, and surroundings of historical actors. This approach differs from the "great man" theory of history in…

Johns, Robert W.


Art History The School of Humanities  

E-print Network

100 Art History The School of Humanities Chair Hamid Naficy Professors Joseph Manca Hamid Naficy Hajime Nakatani Caroline Quenemoen Degrees Offered: B.A. Department of Art History majors are students who declare a major in art history (focusing on either art history or film and media studies

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca


Art History (Graphic Design) Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Art History (Graphic Design) Bachelor of Science 2014-15 Degree Map First Year Fall Winter Spring. Upper Division Cluster 4 Upper Division Cluster 4 Upper Division Cluster 4 Upper Division Art History Elective 4 Upper Division Art History Elective1 4 ARH 407 or 449 4 Upper Division Art History Elective 4

Latiolais, M. Paul


Art History (Critical Analysis) Bachelor of Science  

E-print Network

Art History (Critical Analysis) Bachelor of Science 2014-15 Degree Map First Year Fall Winter Division Cluster 4 Upper Division Cluster 4 Upper Division Cluster 4 Upper Division Art History Elective 4 Upper Division Art History Elective1 4 ARH 449 4 Upper Division Art History Elective 4 Upper Division

Latiolais, M. Paul


Sarah E. Diebel Assistant Professor, Art History  

E-print Network

Sarah E. Diebel Assistant Professor, Art History Department of Art & Art History School of Art & Design UW-Stout Education: Ph.D. Rutgers University, Graduate Program in Art History M.A. University of Minnesota (Art History) B.A. Macalester College (Cum Laude) (English/Humanities/German) Area

Wu, Mingshen


Art History The School of Humanities  

E-print Network

Art History The School of Humanities Degrees Offered: BA, PhD The Department of Art History offers a wide range of courses in European, American, Asian, and Middle Eastern/Islamic art history. The major in art history is structured to expose students to the chronological, geographical, and methodological

Richards-Kortum, Rebecca


Ropewalk: A Cordage Engineer's Journey Through History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a documentary film about the history of the cordage industry from ancient technologies through the industrial revolution, trustbusting, globalization. The one-hour DVD, Ropewalk: A Cordage Engineer's Journey Through History, is free for schools, libraries, museums. Produced by the Engineers Club of Dayton in cooperation with the Cordage Institute. Possible curriculum includes history of technology, textile engineering, economics, Ohio history.



Women and History: Outside the Academy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The active participation of women in the field of American history dates back to the earliest writings on the subject. The rich and long history of women writing, teaching and researching in the field of American History, however, is obscured by narrow disciplinary definitions of what actually counts as history and who is qualified to represent…

Coughlin, Mimi



A Century of Local History Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers suggestions on finding sources on the historiography of local history. Examines books useful to the local historian, including books on local social history and studies on immigrants, minorities, and women. Suggests the use of visual versions of local history. Discusses architectural histories, landmarks, and the use of primary sources. (RW)

Howe, Barbara J.



The Undergraduate Handbook Department of History  

E-print Network

The Undergraduate Handbook Department of History 2013-2014 #12;2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction p Major or Minor in History? p. 7 When Should You Declare a Major and p. 8 How Do You Do That? Requirements for a Major in History p. 8 What about a Minor in History? P. 9 Requirements for a Minor

Berdichevsky, Victor


BMus (History and Theory) Name: Instrument  

E-print Network

BMus (History and Theory) Name: Instrument: ID: Year Entered : Year Graduated: Recommended Order or Political History* One of MUPF 301/303/305/311/313/315/321/329 MUSI 313 (Materials of 20th Century Music) 2 Non-Music Options Year Three Two Music History Options MUSI 415 History and Literature One of MUSI 417

Habib, Ayman


Katharine Dahlstrand '11 & '13 Alumnus MAJOR: History  

E-print Network

Katharine Dahlstrand '11 & '13 Alumnus MAJOR: History DEGREE: Bachelor of Arts in English with a History Minor, 2011 Masters in History, 2013 CURRENT POSITION: PhD candidate and teaching assistant at the University of Georgia FIRST JOB: Upon completion of my MA, I worked as an adjunct history professor at Palm

Fernandez, Eduardo



E-print Network

1 NICMOS HISTORY DATABASE AND WEB TOOLS C. Tullos April 10, 1998 ABSTRACT The history of NICMOS on the World Wide Web. The history tool which allows queries on the data, is available to the public. 1. The Database and Data A convenient way of keeping a history of some of the NICMOS instrument parameters

Sirianni, Marco


University of Oxford FACULTY OF HISTORY  

E-print Network

University of Oxford FACULTY OF HISTORY George Street, Oxford OX1 2RL Tel: +44 1865 [6]15000 http://www.history will be available in the Common Room from 14:30 `Seminars in the History of Science' Week 1 16 October Silke Ackermann, Museum of the History of Science, Oxford `Science in the service of religion: Opportunities

Oxford, University of


History Untold: Celebrating Ohio History through ABLE Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a compilation of 25 pieces of writing presenting Ohio adult basic and literacy education (ABLE) students' perspectives of community and personal history. The items included in the compilation were written by ABLE students across Ohio. The compilation is organized in three sections as follows: (1) people (9 items, including a…

Kent State Univ., OH. Ohio Literacy Resource Center.


Curriculum History, Schooling and the History of the Present  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The essay focuses on curriculum history as the study of systems of reason. The first section considers curriculum as "converting ordinances", inscribing Puritan notions of education as evangelizing and calculating designs in American Progressive education. The second section examines the Social Question, a cross-Atlantic Protestant reformist…

Popkewitz, Thomas S.



From Social History to the History of Society  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social history which once stood at the periphery of the historian's concern is now at the center. This has meant a new respect for certain kinds of data, necessitated new kinds of documentation, and given rise to new institutionalized fields of inquiry such as demography and kinship, social classes and social groups, modernization and…

Hobsbawm, E. J.



Revolution, Reaction, Reform in History. National History Day 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National History Day, a year-long educational program, fosters academic achievement and intellectual growth. In addition to acquiring historical knowledge and perspective while developing entries and competing in a series of district, state, and national contests, students develop critical thinking and problem-solving skills that help them manage…

Hardy, Beatriz, Ed.; Gorn, Cathy, Ed.


The Social History of Modern Canada History 458  

E-print Network

: Canadian Encyclopedia (Online) Dictionary of Canadian Biography (Online) Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples3.C2 and Online) Humanities and Social Sciences Index Retrospective Indexing of articles as far back (Online) Historical Statistics of Canada (Online) Oxford Companion to Canadian History (Online) Find

Abolmaesumi, Purang


Trade and Industry in History. National History Day, 1982.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are winning essays written by junior and senior high school students for the historical paper category of the 1982 National History Day program contest. This unique program encourages young people to explore a historical subject related to a specific theme. The winning papers, responding to the 1982 theme of trade and industry in…

Womack, Miriam L.; And Others


Pyschodermatology: a trip through history*  

PubMed Central

The interaction between the mind and diseases of the skin has been the study focus for many researchers worldwide. The field of Psychodermatology, or Psychocutaneous Medicine, is the result of the merging of two major medical specialties, psychiatry and dermatology. Although the history of Psychodermatology is rather old and interesting, the field has only recently gained popularity. Since ancient times, philosophers, surgeons, dermatologists and psychiatrists have reported the presence of psychocutaneous diseases in various scenarios. In this article, the authors describe curious and remarkable facts in the history of Psychodermatology. PMID:24173201

França, Katlein; Chacon, Anna; Ledon, Jennifer; Savas, Jessica; Nouri, Keyvan



Bringing back the social history.  


The social environment of a child is a key determinant of the child's current and future health. Factors in a child's family environment, both protective and harmful, have a profound impact on a child's long-term health, brain development, and mortality. The social history may be the best all-around tool available for promoting a child's future health and well-being. It is a key first step in identifying social needs of a child and family so that they may benefit from intervention. This article focuses on key social history elements known to increase a child's risk of maltreatment and provides case examples. PMID:25242704

Pierce, Mary Clyde; Kaczor, Kim; Thompson, Richard



The history of space exploration  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Presented are the acknowledgements and introduction sections of the book 'Space: Discovery and Exploration.' The goal of the book is to address some basic questions of American space history, including how this history compares with previous eras of exploration, why the space program was initiated when it was, and how the U.S. space program developed. In pursuing these questions, the intention is not to provide exhaustive answers, but to point the reader toward a more varied picture of how our venture in space has intersected with American government, politics, business, and science.

Collins, Martin J.; Kraemer, Sylvia K.



Cancer control by family history.  


Family history can be used to identify persons at high cancer risk and to target appropriate preventive and therapeutic measures. First-degree female relatives of women with breast cancer (n = 600) are at increased risk for breast cancer (RR: 1.7.95% CI: 1.4-1.9). First-degree relatives of colorectal cancer patients (n = 184) are at increased risk for colorectal cancer (RR: 1.8.95% CI: 1.4-2.3). Families with hereditary cancer syndromes are identified. The family history approach can be used in every part of the world, and it should become a part of future cancer control activities. PMID:8352544

Weber, W



Life, Art History, Faulkner, Method  

E-print Network

. It is also why Quentin encounters the still-surviving Henry Sutpen, Bon's murderer. Fiction enacts Southern psychological history. (And, I might add, that is the reason for the close ties between Absalom, Absalom! and Edgar Poe's " T h e Fall of the House...friends, and of the creative writer as an original genius, and of the public speaker as a representative American voice in the context of his times. Social and cultural history is reinforced by Allen's insights into the poems and the artistic...

Levine, Stuart



History without time: Buffon's natural history as a nonmathematical physique.  


While "natural history" is practically synonymous with the name of Buffon, the term itself has been otherwise overlooked by historians of science. This essay attempts to address this omission by investigating the meanings of "physique," "natural philosophy," and "history," among other terms, with the purpose of understanding Buffon's actual objectives. It also shows that Buffon never claimed to be a Newtonian and should not be considered as such; the goal is to provide a historical analysis that resituates Buffon's thought within his own era. This is done, primarily, by eschewing the often-studied question of time in Buffon. Instead, this study examines the nontemporal meanings of the word "history" within the naturalist's theory and method. The title of his Natural History is examined both as an indicator of the kind of science that Buffon was hoping to achieve and as a source of great misinterpretation among his peers. Unlike Buffon, many of his contemporaries actually envisioned the study of nature from a Baconian perspective where history was restricted to the mere collection of facts and where philosophy, which was the implicit and ultimate goal of studying nature, was seen, at least for the present, as unrealizable. Buffon confronts this tendency insofar as his Histoire naturelle claims to be the real physique that, along with describing nature, also sought to identify general laws and provide clear insight into what true knowledge of nature is or should be. According to Buffon, history (both natural and civil) is not analogous to mathematics; it is a nonmathematical method whose scope encompasses both nature and society. This methodological stance gives rise to the "physicization" of certain moral concepts--a gesture that was interpreted by his contemporaries as Epicurean and atheist. In addition, Buffon reduces a number of metaphysically tainted historical concepts (e.g., antediluvian monuments) to objects of physical analysis, thereby confronting the very foundation of natural theology. In Buffon, as this essay makes clear, natural history is paving the way for a new physique (science of natural beings), independent from mathematics and from God, that treats naturalia in a philosophical and "historical" manner that is not necessarily "temporal." PMID:20575489

Hoquet, Thierry



Center for History and New Media  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Center for History and New Media, a collaboration between George Mason University, the American Social History Project, and the Center for Media and Learning at the City College of New York, is an attempt to respond to the way new media are changing the teaching and studying of history. The Center aspires "to produce innovative historical works in the new media" such as CD-ROM disks on U.S. history, and present seminars and conferences on history and new media. Their web site, newly opened, presents information about the Center and hypertext essays on new media and history including a hyptertext guide to history sites, which first appeared in the American Historical Association's December 1995 "Perspectives." Also provided are reviews of history CD-ROM's and software, connections to teaching projects, and links to other history sites, including a long list of university and college history departments.


American Association for the History of Nursing  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Association for the History of Nursing (AAHN) website provides a wealth of resources -- such as online exhibits and subject bibliographies -- for persons interested in the history of nursing. The site also offers an annotated Internet link index to resources on nursing history. Overall, the AAHN website is a good resource for persons interested in medical history, as well as for nursing students taking courses on their professionâÂÂs history.



History of Physical Terms: "Energy"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Difficulties encountered by teachers in giving a definition of the term "energy", and by students in grasping its actual meaning, reflect the lengthy process through which the concept eventually came to maturity around 1850. Tracing the history of this process illuminates the different aspects covered by the term and shows the important…

Frontali, Clara



OCG - CTD² Data Portal History

Skip to Main Content Office of Cancer Genomics Email Updates Glossary Contact Search Programs Resources News & Publications About OCG CTD² Data Portal Version History Back to the CTD² Data Portal Version Release Date Release Notes 2.0 October 2014 Redesign


A Child's Approach to History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the use of history resource folders containing literature and primary source materials, elementary teachers can involve children in historical issues. Discusses how to design and construct the resource folders and provides suggestions for themes, source materials, and learning activities. (RM)

Levstik, Linda S.



History from the Bottom Up.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part of the "How to Do It" series available from the National Council for the Social Studies, 3501 Newark Street, N.W., Washington, DC 20016, this booklet describes how to involve intermediate-grade through high school students in reconstructing biographies and discovering history by using local primary source documents. (JDH)

Levstik, Linda S.



A Critical History of Renormalization  

E-print Network

The history of renormalization is reviewed with a critical eye, starting with Lorentz's theory of radiation damping, through perturbative QED with Dyson, Gell-Mann & Low, and others, to Wilson's formulation and Polchinski's functional equation, and applications to "triviality", and dark energy in cosmology.

Kerson Huang



BBC News: Italy's Earthquake History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This BBC News article lists the long line of earthquake history in Italy from the year 1693 to 1997. The article describes the intensity and also the damages caused by each earthquake. Images and links for further information are included as well.



Natural history museums and cyberspace  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Natural history museums are entering the electronic age as they increasingly use computers to build accessible and shareable databases that support research and education on a world-wide basis. Museums are exploring the Internet and other shared uses of electronic media to enhance their traditional roles in education, training, identifications, technical assistance, and collections management.

Wemmer, C.; Erixon-Stanford, M.; Gardner, A.L.



The history of the LHC  

SciTech Connect

Abstract: From the civil engineering, to the manufacturing of the various magnet types, each building block of this extraordinary machine required ambitious leaps in innovation. This lecture will review the history of the LHC project, focusing on the many challenges -- scientific, technological, managerial -- that had to be met during the various phases of R&D;, industrialization, construction, installation and commissioning.




Computerized History Games: Narrative Options  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How may historians best express history through computer games? This article suggests that the answer lies in correctly correlating historians' goals for teaching with the capabilities of different kinds of computer games. During the development of a game prototype for high school students, the author followed best practices as expressed in the…

Kee, Kevin



Living History: Clark M. Blatteis  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In 2005, the American Physiological Society (APS) initiated the Living History Project to recognize senior members who have made extraordinary contributions during their career to the advancement of the discipline and profession of physiology. During 2007, the APS Section of Environmental and Exercise Physiology selected Clark M. Blatteis to be profiled in Advances in Physiology Education.

Ning Quan (Ohio State University Oral Biology)



Living History: F. Eugene Yates  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Abstract: In 2005, the American Physiological Society (APS) initiated the Living History of Physiology Archival Program to recognize senior members who have made significant contributions during their career to the advancement of the discipline and the profession of physiology. During 2008, the APS Cardiovascular Section selected Francis Eugene Yates to be profiled in Advances in Physiology Education.

John Urquhart (University of California, San Francisco)



The Centre for Environmental History  

E-print Network

Arts and Humanities Charles Darwin University Professional Historians Association (NT) ANNUAL HISTORY in Metal: Commemorative Plaques at Charles Darwin University's Casuarina Campus, 1972-2013 12.30 ­ 1.30 pm, Darwin Time Presenter Title Session A Chair ­ Alan Davis, CDU 8.50 ­ 9.00 am Welcome 9.00 ­ 9.30 am


Evolutionary History of the Grasses  

Microsoft Academic Search

While some scientists have been working to se- quence and describe the human genome, with in- creasingly dramatic results, another set of scientists has been quietly providing a map of evolutionary history, a time line that shows how life has evolved. Unlike the genome projects, which accumulate mega- bases of sequence from many genes in one organism, evolutionary projects accumulate

Elizabeth A. Kellogg



Living History: Clark M. Blatteis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2005, the American Physiological Society (APS) initiated the Living History Project to recognize senior members who have made extraordinary contributions during their career to the advancement of the discipline and profession of physiology. During 2007, the APS Section of Environmental and Exercise Physiology selected Clark M. Blatteis to be…

Quan, Ning



History and Politics Out Loud  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

HPOL is a searchable multimedia database documenting and delivering authoritative audio relevant to American history and politics. This project is supported by a major grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities Teaching With Technology Program in collaboration with Michigan State University and the National Gallery of the Spoken Word.

University, Northwestern



E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng



E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 405 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Spring, 2011 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:00 p.m. Place: 119 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng



E-print Network

1 HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY Psychology 805 Department of Psychology Michigan State University Fall, 2012 Class meeting times: Tuesday, Thursday, 12:40-2:30 p.m. Place: 120 Psychology Building Instructor: L.J. Harris Office: 217 Psychology Building Office Hours: Mondays, 3:00 - 5 p.m.; other times

Liu, Taosheng


BLACK HISTORY @ Your Education Library  

E-print Network

. by Janet Wilson. Amazing Grace: The Story of the Hymn. Tundra, 1997. Juv BX5199.N55G72 1997t Ontario author the Tundra Books website at Last Railroad. Tundra, 2004. Juv FC106.B6P76 2004 Sadlier, Rosemary. The Kids Book of Black Canadian History

Abolmaesumi, Purang


A History of Erotic Philosophy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay historically explores philosophical views about the nature and significance of human sexuality, starting with the Ancient Greeks and ending with late 20th-century Western philosophy. Important figures from the history of philosophy (and theology) discussed include Sappho, Plato, Aristotle, St. Augustine, St. Jerome, the Pelagians, St. Thomas Aquinas, Michel de Montaigne, René Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, David Hume, Immanuel Kant,

Alan Soble



NUMA: A Northern Paiute History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of four histories of native Nevadans, this volume presents the story of the Northern Paiute people, or Numa, who lived, hunted, and travelled in the Great Basin area which occupies one-third of present day Nevada and parts of Oregon, Idaho, and California. Based on interviews with tribal elders and research conducted at numerous…

Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada, Reno.


Animal Magnetism and Curriculum History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article elaborates the impact that crises of authority provoked by animal magnetism, mesmerism, and hypnosis in the 19th century had for field formation in American education. Four layers of analysis elucidate how curriculum history's repetitive focus on public school policy and classroom practice became possible. First, the article surveys…

Baker, Bernadette



A Mandate for Native History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Montana Indian Education For All Act may be setting an audacious national precedent for America's primary and secondary schools. The law requires all Montana schools to include curricula about the history, culture and contemporary status of the state's American Indian population. The new constitutional mandate has eyes throughout Native…

Pember, Mary Annette



cultural history New perspectives on  

E-print Network

the German exca- Making cultural v10.indd 141 2013-08-26 15:54 #12;making cultural history 142 vation of European art and literature is to expropriate this heritage from the elite, and, in the long run of the books we read were germane to our experiences, if they depicted people who were close to us


World History. Focus on Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book opens with an exploration of the first economic revolution, which set the stage for the dramatic unfolding of the role economics has played in world history. The lessons focus on two topics: (1) why some economies grew and prospered while others remained stagnant or declined; and (2) what causes people to make choices that help or hinder…

Caldwell, Jean; Clark, James; Herscher, Walter


For Sale: Iceland's Genetic History  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The issue-focused, peer-reviewed article examines the history and implications of a national medical database of Iceland's citizens. Opposition claims that this may lead to: violations of medical and personal privacy, medical stereotyping of individuals, families, or the entire population, discrimination based on medical or genetic data, and a monopoly on medical research and drugs by big business.

Oksana Hlodan (American Institute of Biological Sciences; )



Nonreaders Anonymous: Reading History Collaboratively.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the issue of teaching students in the U.S. history survey course to read historical works by shifting the focus from the lecture method to collaborative learning techniques. Describes various techniques that can be used in the classroom such as expert groups, Particulars into Generalizations (PIG), and making lists and evaluative…

Marcus, Robert D.




E-print Network

#12;I I #12;HISTORY OF THE WATERWAYS OF THE ATLANTIC COAST OF THE UNITED STATES II Aubrey Parkman and capabilities of the United States water transporta- tion network. The Historical Division of the Office discovered America, European navigators began sailing into the Atlantic coastal waters of the future United

US Army Corps of Engineers


Narrative Structures in Polybius' Histories  

E-print Network

aspects of these writer’s histories. This is true for all historians of any time, but especially for those of antiquity. What Rood writes about the dangers of trying to separate Thucydides “the writer” from Thucydides the “historian” can aptly...

Shaler, Ross M.



Signals in Communication Engineering History  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a study of various electric signals, which have been employed throughout the history of communication engineering in its two main landmarks: the telegraph and the telephone. The signals are presented in their time and frequency domain representations. The historical order has been followed in the presentation: wired systems, spark…

Consonni, Denise; Silva, Magno T. M.



Colorado Local History: A Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory lists by county 135 collections of local history to be found in libraries, museums, historical societies, schools, colleges, and private collections in Colorado. The directory includes only collections available in Colorado which contain bibliographic holdings such as books, newspaper files or clippings, letters, manuscripts,…

Joy, Carol M., Comp.; Mood, Terry Ann, Comp.


Islamic Education: History and Tendency.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the history and tendency of Islamic education, discussing how, after 1,000 years of intellectual leadership, the Islamic world has not retained its dominance, and examining the educational institutions that both spawned and doomed the Eastern intellectual revolution. The article addresses: the role of knowledge in Islam; emphasis on…

Hilgendorf, Eric



Touching a Moment in History.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses activities that allow students to explore epochs in time by studying real artifacts, museum replicas, student-created reproductions and dramatizations, and video and computer software. Presents two model lessons of how artifacts can be used to enliven a history lesson. (DB)

Sabato, George



History of Higher Education, 1995.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual compilation presents four papers on different aspects of the history of higher education in Europe and the United States. The first paper is "The Rights of Man and the Rites of Youth: Fraternity and Riot at Eighteenth Century Harvard" by Leon Jackson. This paper argues that the lines of division in the student body at…

Geiger, Robert L., Ed.



The art of art history  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like any science, art history is based on certain assumptions proper to the discipline: that every work of art is an absolute and unique statement, that anything man?made is a work of art, that everything in it is intended by its creator to be there, and that it includes within itself everything necessary for its own decipherment. Art is a

Irving Lavin



Documenting and Preserving Organizational History  

E-print Network

a plan for the organization and maintenance of current records and historically important documents. It offers practical advice on providing security for records and setting up an in-house archives, as well, then Professor of Women's Studies and History. It was funded in 1995 by the Neighborhoods Initiative, Great

Illinois at Chicago, University of


History of western oil shale  

Microsoft Academic Search

The history of oil shale in the United States since the early 1900's is detailed. Research on western oil shale probably began with the work of Robert Catlin in 1915. During the next 15 years there was considerable interest in the oil shales, and oil shale claims were located, and a few recovery plants were erected in Colorado, Nevada, Utah,



Dinetah: Navajo History. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using archaeological data, written chronicles of Spanish explorers and missionaries, and oral narratives and legends, the book traces the history of the Navajo people to their original homeland, Dinetah, located primarily off the present reservation in an area south and east of Farmington, New Mexico. The book discusses various theories on Navajo…

Roessel, Robert A., Jr.


MARC; its History and Implications.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Library of Congress presents the history of its Machine Readable Cataloging (MARC) system. Descriptions of MARC pilot projects and distribution services are followed by a discussion of several conversion projects undertaken by libraries in order to implement MARC. Then MARC's influence on standardization of formats for information interchange,…

Avram, Henriette D.


Using Databases in History Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses advantages and limitations of database software in meeting the educational objectives of history instruction; reviews five currently available computer programs (FACTFILE, QUEST, QUARRY BANK 1851, Census Analysis, and Beta Base); highlights major considerations that arise in designing such programs; and describes their classroom use.…

Knight, P.; Timmins, G.