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1

Right of publicity in Scots law   

E-print Network

This thesis examines publicity exploitation in practice and the possible legal response of Scots law to that exploitation. It argues that the common law in Scotland is not capable of providing a coherent and principled ...

Black, Gillian

2009-06-30

2

Public Sector Labor Law in Kentucky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Kentucky's statutory and decisional law concerning public sector labor relations, as well as the practice and future of public sector relations as perceived by city and county officials. Available from Salmon P. Chase College of Law, 1401 Dixie Highway, Covington, Kentucky 41011; 1.50 per reprint. (Author/IRT)

Zielke, Laurence J.

1979-01-01

3

Introduction to Public International Law Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Aspiring lawyers and academics hoping to peer into the world of public international law will be glad to learn about this site. Authored by lawyer and researcher Vicenc Feliu, this introduction to public international law research is offered up as part of the Hauser Global Law School Program at New York University's Law School. Published in May/June 2008, this thorough introduction includes a host of information about online and offline resources that will come in handy. After reading the introduction, visitors can browse around sections that offer up material on treaties, case law, and relevant journals. Along the way, visitors will also learn about the major players in public international law, such as the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and the European Union. Overall, this site is indispensable, and visitors with an interest in this area will want to tell their colleagues and friends about it.

Feli�º, Vicen�§

2008-01-01

4

International environmental law and global public health.  

PubMed Central

The environment continues to be a source of ill-health for many people, particularly in developing countries. International environmental law offers a viable strategy for enhancing public health through the promotion of increased awareness of the linkages between health and environment, mobilization of technical and financial resources, strengthening of research and monitoring, enforcement of health-related standards, and promotion of global cooperation. An enhanced capacity to utilize international environmental law could lead to significant worldwide gains in public health. PMID:12571726

Schirnding, Yasmin von; Onzivu, William; Adede, Andronico O.

2002-01-01

5

Law Students Practice in Public.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The glass walls and observation lounge of Hamline University Law Center's moot court allow passersby to glimpse the action day or night. Faculty offices, secretarial spaces, and several student organizations are housed on the second floor. The brick and masonry exterior was designed to fit in with other campus buildings. (Author/MLF)

American School and University, 1981

1981-01-01

6

Nurse Reinvestment Act. Public Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the text of the Nurse Reinvestment Act, which amends the Public Health Service Act to address the increasing shortage of registered nurses by instituting a series of policies to improve nurse recruitment and nurse retention. Title I details two initiatives to boost recruitment of nurses. The first initiative includes the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

7

Informational Privacy, Public Health, and State Laws  

PubMed Central

Developments in information technology that make it possible to rapidly transmit health information also raise questions about the possible inappropriate use and protection of identifiable (or potentially identifiable) personal health information. Despite efforts to improve state laws, adoption of provisions has lagged. We found that half of states have no statutes addressing nondisclosure of personally identifiable health information generally held by public health agencies. Exceptional treatment of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, or tuberculosis-related information was common. Where other provisions were found, there was little consistency in the laws across states. The variation in state laws supports the need to build consensus on the appropriate use and disclosure of public health information among public health practitioners. PMID:21852633

Matthews, Gene

2011-01-01

8

Globalization of public health law and ethics.  

PubMed

The Constitution of the World Health Organization (1946) states that the "enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social position." The international legal framework for this right was laid by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and reaffirmed in the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (1966) and the Declaration of Alma-Ata (1978). In recent years, the framework has been developed on 10 key elements: national and international human rights, laws, norms, and standards; resource constraints and progressive realization; obligations of immediate effect; freedoms and entitlements; available, accessible, acceptable, and good quality; respect, protect, and fulfill; non-discrimination, equality, and vulnerability; active and informed participation; international assistance and cooperation; and monitoring and accountability. Whereas public health law plays an essential role in the protection and promotion of the right to health, the emergence of SARS (2003) highlighted the urgent need to reform national public health laws and international obligations relating to public health in order to meet the new realities of a globalized world, leading to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (2003) and the revision of the WHO International Health Regulations (2005). The Asian Institute for Bioethics and Health Law, in conjunction with the Republic of Korea's Ministry of Health and Welfare and the WHO International Digest of Health Legislation, conducted a comparative legal analysis of national public health laws in various countries through a project entitled Domestic Profiles of Public/Population Health Legislation (2006), which underscored the importance of recognizing the political and social contexts of distinct legal cultures, including Western, Asian, Islamic, and African. PMID:23093515

Sohn, Myongsei

2012-09-01

9

Pub Hlth 436: Public Health Law Summer Term 2007  

E-print Network

Pub Hlth 436: Public Health Law Summer Term 2007 Syllabus PH 436 Public Health Law Syllabus Summer standards for the collective good often compromises individual liberty. The study of Public Health Law and implementation of all public health legislation and regulation. Students will become familiar with terminology

Contractor, Anis

10

A Theory and Definition of Public Health Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature, both academic and judicial, on the intersection of law and health is pervasive. The subject of law and health is widely taught, practiced, and analyzed. The fields that characterize these branches of study are called health law, health care law, law and medicine, forensic medicine, and public health law. Do these names imply different disciplines, each with a

Lawrence O. Gostin

2008-01-01

11

2012 school of law catalog 2013 This publication is for  

E-print Network

2012 school of law catalog 2013 #12;#12;This publication is for informational purposes and does not constitute a contract. 2012 school of law catalog 2013 Please recycle #12;The University of Kansas | 2012 ......................................................... 3 School of Law Administration

12

PUBLIC LANDS AND NATURAL RESOURCES LAW PROFESSOR BIBER LAW 273.3 SPRING 2009  

E-print Network

PUBLIC LANDS AND NATURAL RESOURCES LAW PROFESSOR BIBER LAW 273.3 SPRING 2009 Handout #2 ­ 1/12/09 SYLLABUS The casebook for this course is Klein, Cheever, Birdsong, Natural Resources Law: A Place is 643-5647. My e-mail is ebiber@law.berkeley.edu. I am available to talk with you after every class

Kammen, Daniel M.

13

76 FR 59157 - Public Land Order No. 7783; Extension of Withdrawal Created by Subtitle A of Public Law 104-201; CO  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...public land laws, including the mining laws, mineral and geothermal leasing laws, and mineral materials disposal laws, and reserved...public land laws, including the mining laws, mineral and geothermal leasing laws, and mineral materials disposal laws, and...

2011-09-23

14

A Career Cluster in Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a program at Great Plains Technology Center that is not only serving its community's needs but it is also serving as a national pilot site. When Oklahoma's Great Plains Technology Center began developing its Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security Cluster in 2003, the National Partnership for Careers in Law, Public

Reese, Susan

2007-01-01

15

Coded Statutory Data Sets for Evaluation of Public Health Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background and objectives: The evaluation of public health law requires reliable accounts of underlying statutes and regulations. States often enact public health-related statutes with nonuniform provisions, and variation in the structure of state legal codes can foster inaccuracy in evaluating the impact of specific categories of law. The optimal…

Costich, Julia Field

2012-01-01

16

Montana Library Laws, Rules, and Public Library Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapter 1 of this handbook of Montana library laws, rules, and public library standards contains excerpts from the Constitution of Montana, including articles on property tax exemptions, educational goals and duties, and code of ethics. Montana library laws covering the following areas are presented in Chapter 2: publication and updating of the…

Montana State Library, Helena.

17

The Regulation of Public Social Life: Communication Law Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develops a taxonomy of the indirect, intentional, or unintended regulations which influence social interaction in public spaces. Suggests an expansion of the scope of communication law. Describes how the taxonomy developed through a case study of a suburban municipality, encompassing zoning laws, penal codes, minimum drinking and driving ages, and…

Drucker, Susan J.; Gumpert, Gary

1996-01-01

18

FindLaw for the Public  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the most comprehensive legal resources on the Internet, Findlaw (described in the February 23, 1996 Scout Report) offers this resource center for consumers. In the Consumer Law Center, users will find thousands of consumer-focused articles and resources in a number of different categories, such as Banking, Credit, Discrimination, Estate Planning, Family Law, Government Benefits, Health and Medicine, Intellectual Property, Investments, Labor & Employment, Personal Injury, Landlord/ Tenant & Real Estate, and many others. The Consumer Center also offers contact information for national consumer organizations, better business bureaus, corporations, trade associations and related organizations, as well as tips and guidance on filing effective consumer complaints. In addition, the site provides information on the process of hiring a lawyer and using lawyers to settle disputes or claims.

19

Moving from Intersection to Integration: Public Health Law Research and Public Health Systems and Services Research  

PubMed Central

Context For three decades, experts have been stressing the importance of law to the effective operation of public health systems. Most recently, in a 2011 report, the Institute of Medicine recommended a review of state and local public health laws to ensure appropriate authority for public health agencies; adequate access to legal counsel for public health agencies; evaluations of the health effects and costs associated with legislation, regulations, and policies; and enhancement of research methods to assess the strength of evidence regarding the health effects of public policies. These recommendations, and the continued interest in law as a determinant of health system performance, speak to the need for integrating the emerging fields of Public Health Law Research (PHLR) and Public Health Systems and Services Research (PHSSR). Methods Expert commentary. Findings This article sets out a unified framework for the two fields and a shared research agenda built around three broad inquiries: (1) the structural role of law in shaping the organization, powers, prerogatives, duties, and limitations of public health agencies and thereby their functioning and ultimately their impact on public health (“infrastructure”); (2) the mechanisms through which public health system characteristics influence the implementation of interventional public health laws (“implementation”); and (3) the individual and system characteristics that influence the ability of public health systems and their community partners to develop and secure enactment of legal initiatives to advance public health (“innovation”). Research to date has laid a foundation of evidence, but progress requires better and more accessible data, a new generation of researchers comfortable in both law and health research, and more rigorous methods. Conclusions The routine integration of law as a salient factor in broader PHSSR studies of public health system functioning and health outcomes will enhance the usefulness of research in supporting practice and the long-term improvement of system performance. PMID:22709392

Burris, Scott; Mays, Glen P; Douglas Scutchfield, F; Ibrahim, Jennifer K

2012-01-01

20

Georgetown Law: Center on Poverty, Inequality and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Law Center of Georgetown and the Georgetown Public Policy Institute have teamed up to assist policymakers, lawmakers, researchers, and others to effectively address poverty and inequality as a function of public policy. Their website allows anyone to read publications by the Center's esteemed thinkers. In the "Current Projects" link on the menu of the left side of any page, visitors can read the center's Youth Policy, Low-Income Tax Policy, and Cross-Cutting Policy Poverty Initiatives.

21

The Effect of Public Disclosure Laws on Biomedical Research  

PubMed Central

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and state ‘open-records’ laws govern access to records in the possession of federal agencies and state entities, such as public universities. Although these laws are intended to promote ‘open government’ and to assure the existence of an informed citizenry capable of holding government officials accountable for their decisions, an inherent tension exists between the public's access to information and biomedical research institutions’ need to ensure the confidentiality of proprietary records and to protect the personal safety of employees. Recognizing these and other conflicts, the federal FOIA and state public-disclosure laws contain express exemptions to protect sensitive information from disclosure. Although some state open-records laws are modeled after the federal FOIA, important differences exist based on the language used by the state law, court interpretations, and exemptions. Two specific types of exemptions are particularly relevant to research facilities: exemptions for research information and exemptions for personal information. Responding to FOIA and state open-records requests requires knowledge of relevant laws and the involvement of all interested parties to facilitate a coordinated and orderly response. PMID:22776187

Cardon, Andrew D; Bailey, Matthew R; Bennett, B Taylor

2012-01-01

22

Privatising the Public University: The Case of Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Privatising the Public University: The Case of Law" is the first full-length critical study examining the impact of the dramatic reforms that have swept through universities over the last two decades. Drawing on extensive research and interviews in Australia, New Zealand, the UK and Canada, Margaret Thornton considers the impact of the market on…

Thornton, Margaret

2011-01-01

23

Law Schools and Public Legal Education: The Community Law Programme at Windsor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described is a public legal education program at the University of Windsor (Canada) that aims to educate the layperson in Canadian law and procedure. Objectives, program elements, and ancillary activities are outlined briefly. Available from The Carswell Co., Ltd., 2330 Midland Ave., Agincourt, Ontario M1S 1P7 Canada. (MSE)

MacDonald, R. A.

1979-01-01

24

Development of Systematic Knowledge Management for Public Health: A Public Health Law Ontology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Institute of Medicine has stated that legal structures and the authority vested in health agencies and other partners within the public health system are essential to improving the public's health. Variation between the laws of different jurisdictions within the United States allows for natural experimentation and research into their…

Keeling, Jonathan

2012-01-01

25

Developing a tool for assessing public health law in countries.  

PubMed

At present, the World Health Organization (WHO) is in the process of developing a tool designed to assess the status of public health legislation in a given country. An Expert Consultation on Public Health Law was convened in Manila, Philippines, in May 2011. The participants agreed that the tool could serve as a guide for a regional approach to assist Member States in assessing the scope, completeness, and adequacy of their public health law. Given the broad definition of "public health" and the laws that affect health, directly or indirectly, the participants further agreed to narrow the field to 4 areas based on significant WHO works/policies, each organized into an independent module: (1) International Digest on Health Law, (2) Primary Health Care, (3) International Health Regulations 2005, and (4) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The tool would be drafted in a questionnaire format that asks the respondent to determine whether primary and/or subsidiary legislation exists in the country on a specific topic and, if so, to cite the relevant law, describe the pertinent points, and attach and/or link to the full text where available. The participants agreed that the respondents should include government officials and/or academics with legal competency. Version 1 of the tool was piloted in the Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Samoa, and Vanuatu. At a 2nd Expert Consultation on Public Health Law, convened in Incheon, Republic of Korea, in October 2011, in conjunction with the 43rd Conference of the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium on Public Health, the participants determined that the tool was generally usable, certain concerns notwithstanding, such as the risk of standardizing compliance with WHO policies. The agreed next step is to finalize the analysis tool by August 2012, marking the end of stage I in the development process. Stage II will consist of team building and networking of responsible officers and/or professionals in the countries. The tool will be further developed to reflect specific in-country situations. PMID:23034400

Kim, So Yoon; Lee, Yuri; Sohn, Myongsei; Hahm, Ki-Hyun

2012-09-01

26

12 CFR 590.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 590.100 Section 590.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 590.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The Office continues to...

2011-01-01

27

12 CFR 590.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 590.100 Section 590.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 590.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The Office continues to...

2012-01-01

28

12 CFR 190.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 190.100 Section 190.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 190.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The OCC continues to...

2014-01-01

29

12 CFR 590.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 590.100 Section 590.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 590.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The Office continues to...

2013-01-01

30

12 CFR 590.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 590.100 Section 590.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 590.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The Office continues to...

2014-01-01

31

12 CFR 590.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 590.100 Section 590.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 590.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The Office continues to...

2010-01-01

32

12 CFR 190.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 190.100 Section 190.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 190.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The OCC continues to...

2013-01-01

33

12 CFR 190.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 190.100 Section 190.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 190.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The OCC continues to...

2012-01-01

34

A Basic Introduction to Land Use Control Law and Doctrine. Publication 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Divided into four sections, this paper discusses the historical development of land-use control law and doctrine. Entitled "Genesis of the Zoning Mechanism", Part 1 discusses zoning in terms of: a by-product of urbanization: common law land-use controls (public and private nuisance laws); private property as restraint on land-use legislation…

Roberts, E. F.

35

Why People Obey the Law: Experimental Evidence from the Provision of Public Goods  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to economists, severe legal sanctions deter violations of the law. According to legal scholars, people may obey law backed by mild sanctions because of norm-activation. We experimentally investigate the effects of mild and severe legal sanctions in the provision of public goods. The results show that severe sanctions almost perfectly deter free-riding. However, people also obey law backed by

Lars P. Feld; Jean-Robert Tyran

2002-01-01

36

Publication and Preemption in Copyright Law: Elegiac Reflections on Goldstein v. California  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Goldstein v. California the Supreme Court was asked to help eliminate unauthorized tapes, a problem in the recording industry. This article is a critical account of how, in search of a remedy, the court rediscovered state copyright law and neglected the concept of publication in copyright law. Available from: UCLA Law Review, 405 Hilgard Ave.,…

Brown, Ralph S., Jr.

1975-01-01

37

Public Smoking Bans, Youth Access Laws, and Cigarette Sales at Vending Machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tobacco control policies have proliferated in many countries in recent years, in particular youth access laws and public smoking bans. The eff ectiveness of youth access laws is still disputed, however, as are the costs of public smoking bans to the hospitality industry. Using a unique data set on cigarette sales at more than 100k vending machines that provides fi

Michael Kvasnicka

2010-01-01

38

Health Professions Education Partnerships Act of 1998. Public Law 105-392.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the full text of Public Law 105-392, the Health Professions Partnerships Act of 1998, a law which amends the Public Health Service Act to consolidate and reauthorize health professions and minority and disadvantaged health education programs. Title I concerns health professions education and financial assistance programs.…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

39

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. 553.213 Section...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. (a) Some...

2014-07-01

40

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. 553.213 Section...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. (a) Some...

2012-07-01

41

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. 553.213 Section...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. (a) Some...

2011-07-01

42

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. 553.213 Section...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. (a) Some...

2013-07-01

43

76 FR 49504 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Current Public Collection of Information: Law Enforcement Officer Flying Armed Training AGENCY...database of all Federal, State and local law enforcement agencies that have received the Law Enforcement Officer (LEO) Flying Armed...

2011-08-10

44

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. 553.213 Section...GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. (a) Some...

2010-07-01

45

Public School Law: Teachers' and Students' Rights. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assist school personnel in understanding current application of the law, provide an awareness of rights and responsibilities, motivate educators to translate basic concepts into actual practice, and generate an interest in further study of the law, this text is presented. Legal issues involving the rights of students and teachers in daily…

McCarthy, Martha M.; Cambron-McCabe, Nelda H.

46

Chinese Practice in Public International Law: 2006 (I)1  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThis part of the Survey covers materials reflecting Chinese practice in 2006 relating to: I. Subjects under discussion at the ILC (Shared natural resources; responsibility of international organizations; reservation to treaties; unilateral acts of states; effects of armed conflicts on treaties; obligation to extradition or prosecution; fragmentation of international law); II. International human rights law (general commitment on human rights;

Lijiang ZHU

2007-01-01

47

A variety of law schools write to the UTA Pre-Law program. The following links take students to specific law school newsletters and other publications that describe financial aid opportunities, fee waivers, and special programs.  

E-print Network

A variety of law schools write to the UTA Pre-Law program. The following links take students to specific law school newsletters and other publications that describe financial aid opportunities, fee waivers, and special programs. University of Nebraska School of Law Nebraska Law has very reasonable

Huang, Haiying

48

75 FR 26978 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102-477...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project; Request...information for the Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. The information...1076-0135, Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. This...

2010-05-13

49

78 FR 49282 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting Systems for Public Law 102-477...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Reporting Systems for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project AGENCY...information for the Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project authorized...1076-0135, Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. This...

2013-08-13

50

75 FR 58423 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102-477...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project; Request...information for the Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. The information...1076-0135, Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. This...

2010-09-24

51

77 FR 22631 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SPIRIT; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SPIRIT; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel SPIRIT is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Coastwise...

2012-04-16

52

78 FR 13752 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SPIRIT; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SPIRIT; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel SPIRIT is: Intended Commercial Use Of Vessel: ``Private...

2013-02-28

53

77 FR 38390 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel PISCES; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel PISCES; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel PISCES is: INTENDED COMMERCIAL USE OF VESSEL: ``Yacht racing...

2012-06-27

54

Law and Public Education: Cases and Materials. Contemporary Legal Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is intended to serve as a general introduction to the broad area of educational law for students without previous exposure to the subject or as a tool for more advanced students seeking to focus on a particular area of the law as it applies to public education. Although its emphasis is primarily legal, the book also contains historical,…

Goldstein, Stephen R.

55

A Conflict Theory Perspective for Viewing Certain Problems Associated with Public Law 94-142.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public Law 94-142, passed in November of 1975, requires that the states provide "equal educational opportunity" to the handicapped. This law thus serves as an excellent example of mandated or "power-coercive" change, in which change is generated from the outside through the use of political and economic sanctions. Sociology's conflict theory…

Griffin, Gerald; Rostetter, David

56

Collaboration between public health and law enforcement: new paradigms and partnerships for bioterrorism planning and response.  

PubMed

The biological attacks with powders containing Bacillus anthracis sent through the mail during September and October 2001 led to unprecedented public health and law enforcement investigations, which involved thousands of investigators from federal, state, and local agencies. Following recognition of the first cases of anthrax in Florida in early October 2001, investigators from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) were mobilized to assist investigators from state and local public health and law enforcement agencies. Although public health and criminal investigations have been conducted in concert in the past, the response to the anthrax attacks required close collaboration because of the immediate and ongoing threat to public safety. We describe the collaborations between CDC and FBI during the investigation of the 2001 anthrax attacks and highlight the challenges and successes of public health and law enforcement collaborations in general. PMID:12396931

Butler, Jay C; Cohen, Mitchell L; Friedman, Cindy R; Scripp, Robert M; Watz, Craig G

2002-10-01

57

School Law for Public, Private, and Parochial Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Here is a book to serve educators from all types of schools in either pre-service or professional development that is designed as a text for master's and licensure (post-master's) level. This book covers all the relevant issues in school law: (1) The legal system; (2) The federal and state role in education; (3) Church-state relationships; (4)…

Bradley, Leo H.

2005-01-01

58

Chinese Practice in Public International Law: 2008&ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Survey covers materials reflecting Chinese practice in 2008 relating to: I. Fundamental Principles of International Law (Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence; Respect of State Sovereignty and Territorial Integrity; Non-Intervention of Internal Affairs; Peaceful Settlement of International Disputes); II. International Peace and Security (Fight against Terrorism; Women, Peace and Security; The Zimbabwe Situation; The Darfur Situation in Sudan; The Kosovo

Lijiang ZHU

2009-01-01

59

45 CFR 286.285 - How do the data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes? 286.285 Section 286.285 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR...

2012-10-01

60

45 CFR 286.285 - How do the data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes? 286.285 Section 286.285 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR...

2010-10-01

61

45 CFR 286.285 - How do the data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes? 286.285 Section 286.285 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR...

2011-10-01

62

45 CFR 286.285 - How do the data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes? 286.285 Section 286.285 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR...

2013-10-01

63

45 CFR 286.285 - How do the data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes?  

...data collection and reporting requirements affect Public Law 102-477 Tribes? 286.285 Section 286.285 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION FOR...

2014-10-01

64

Electronic cigarettes: smoke-free laws, sale restrictions, and the public health.  

PubMed

Consumer use of e-cigarettes is rising despite a lack of rigorous safety testing, manufacturing controls, and a well-understood risk profile. Many states and municipalities have prohibited e-cigarette sale to minors or amended their smoke-free laws to restrict public use. I discuss the public health impact of e-cigarettes and the current lack of Food and Drug Administration regulation, and advocate that states and localities reexamine their smoke-free laws and sale restrictions to appropriately regulate public use and youth access. PMID:24825224

Paradise, Jordan

2014-06-01

65

International law, public health, and the meanings of pharmaceuticalization.  

PubMed

Recent social science scholarship has employed the term "pharmaceuticalization" in analyses of the production, circulation and use of drugs. In this paper, we seek to open up further discussion of the scope, limits and potential of this as an analytical device through consideration of the role of law and legal processes in directing pharmaceutical flows. To do so, we synthesize a range of empirical and conceptual work concerned with the relationships between access to medicines and intellectual property law. This paper suggests that alongside documenting the expansion or reduction in demand for particular drugs, analysts of pharmaceuticalization attend to the ways in which socio-legal developments change (or not) the identities of drugs, and the means through which they circulate and come to be used by states and citizens. Such scholarship has the potential to more precisely locate the biopolitical processes that shape international agendas and targets, form markets, and produce health. PMID:25431535

Cloatre, Emilie; Pickersgill, Martyn

2014-10-01

66

The criminal contract. The legal relationship with the Public Prosecution in the interface of public and private law  

E-print Network

Summary The criminal contract. The legal relationship with the Public Prosecution in the interface the adminis- tration of criminal justice. Although criminal law is characterized by the unilateral exercise of power by the government, situations regularly occur in the context of the administration of criminal

van den Brink, Jeroen

67

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90 Section 102-80.90 Public Contracts...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? Yes, the Fire Administration Authorization Act of...

2010-07-01

68

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90 Section 102-80.90 Public Contracts...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? Yes, the Fire Administration Authorization Act of...

2012-01-01

69

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90 Section 102-80.90 Public Contracts...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? Yes, the Fire Administration Authorization Act of...

2013-07-01

70

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90 Section 102-80.90 Public Contracts...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? Yes, the Fire Administration Authorization Act of...

2011-01-01

71

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90 Section 102-80.90 Public Contracts...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? Yes, the Fire Administration Authorization Act of...

2014-01-01

72

Dead bodies, disasters, and the myths about them: is public health law misinformed?  

PubMed

While the mission of public health is to fulfill society's interest in ensuring a healthy society as "public health is what we, as a society, do collectively to assure the conditions for people to be healthy," the mission of public health law is to assist in the creation of those conditions. However, at times of disaster, threats or risks caused by dead bodies often cause dramatic media coverage and public panic, which incite the passage of emergency public health laws. The unfortunate result of such emergency public health laws mandating immediate dead body disposal, often through mass burial, is that proper identification of the deceased is severely hampered, and families are frequently precluded from experiencing the grieving process and are unable to bring closure to such a traumatic event. Are such emergency public health laws misinformed? Are the threats of dead bodies of disasters a threat to the public's health? Are the perceived public health threats of dead bodies merely a myth-or is their cause for justified concern? Such a rush to burial not only may add to the psychological distress of survivors but it also forbids them the opportunity of seeing their loved ones being treated with dignity and respect. Additional consequence of "emergency" mass burial legislation without proper identification include legal problems associated with inheritance, life insurance, remarriage of spouses, parenting of surviving children, and even the threat of diplomatic tensions between nation states resulting from burial of foreign tourists. Disaster medicine specialists are often called upon to comment to the media, advise governmental agencies, and console families, as to the disposition of dead bodies and to the existence of any public health threats caused by the accumulation of human cadavers. Because disaster medicine specialists play a vital role in preserving the public's health, and because public fears of spread of infectious disease often escalate paralleling the accumulation of dead bodies, disaster medicine specialists must be properly informed of the epidemiologic risks and public health issues that dead bodies of disasters may pose. The purpose of this article is to provide a foundation for disaster medicine specialists in properly advising governments, the public, media, and families regarding the risks and fears concerning the health hazards of human cadavers resulting from disasters. PMID:18488831

Gionis, Thomas A; Wecht, Cyril H; Marshall, Lewis W; Hagigi, Fred A

2007-01-01

73

Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law and public health https://theconversation.edu.au/julia-gillard-big-pharma-patent-law-and-public-health-10226[28/11/2012 11:49:28 AM  

E-print Network

Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law and public health https://theconversation.edu.au/julia-gillard-big-pharma-patent Health + Medicine Politics + Society Science + Technology Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law industry and their patents ­ and has launched several inquiries into patent law and pharmaceutical drugs

Botea, Adi

74

Public international law of the international telecommunication instruments: cyber security treaty provisions since 1850  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper aims to describe the history of cyber security public international law since 1850 that is found in treaty instruments developed by the signatory nations of what is now known as the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Because of the esoteric nature of the subject and, until recently, the very difficult access to reference materials, knowledge of these

Anthony Rutkowski

2011-01-01

75

African American and Latino Enrollment Trends among Medicine, Law, Business, and Public Affairs Graduate Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Tomas Rivera Policy Institute (TRPI) report is twofold: to provide an analysis of the enrollment trends for African American and Latino students among graduate professional programs in the fields of medicine, business, law, and public affairs, and to present other relevant data pertaining to African American and Latino students…

de la Garza, Rodolfo; Moghadam, Sepehr Hejazi

2008-01-01

76

PUBLIC LAW 10958--AUG. 8, 2005 ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005  

E-print Network

renew- able energy resources on public lands. Subtitle B--Geothermal Energy Sec. 221. Short title. Sec. Assessment of geothermal energy potential. Sec. 227. CPUBLIC LAW 109­58--AUG. 8, 2005 ENERGY POLICY ACT OF 2005 VerDate 14-DEC-2004 09:45 Sep 08, 2005

Laughlin, Robert B.

77

PUBLIC LAW 10756--OCT. 26, 2001 UNITING AND STRENGTHENING AMERICA BY  

E-print Network

REQUIRED TO INTERCEPT AND OBSTRUCT TERRORISM (USA PATRIOT ACT) ACT OF 2001 Public Law 107­56 107th Congress --ENHANCING DOMESTIC SECURITY AGAINST TERRORISM TITLE II --ENHANCED SURVEILLANCE PROCEDURES TITLE III THE BORDER TITLE V --REMOVING OBSTACLES TO INVESTIGATING TERRORISM TITLE VI --PROVIDING FOR VICTIMS

Oliver, Douglas L.

78

Balancing the Rights and Responsibilities of the School Board and the Public's Right To Know: California's Open Meeting Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper--part of a collection of 54 papers from the 48th annual conference of the Education Law Association held in November 2002--discusses open-meeting laws. All 50 states have adopted laws that require school officials to conduct their business in open sessions before the public and the press. This paper examines the Brown Act, California's…

Stine, David O.; Gordon, Sherry G.

79

Public attitudes about different types of anti-bullying laws: Results from a national survey.  

PubMed

State anti-bullying laws have been enacted across the United States to address bullying both by and of youths. Although these statutes can provide critical protection to youth, there is debate about whether such laws should enumerate protected classes of youth. Weight-based bullying is an increasingly prevalent form of harassment and it has been overlooked in policy initiatives. Enumeration in existing laws might help protect overweight victims. As no research has examined this issue, we conducted a national survey of American adults (N=1155) to assess public opinion about enactment of anti-bullying laws that vary according to whether or not they enumerate distinguishing characteristics. Our results demonstrated substantial public agreement (ranging from 2/3 to 3/4 of participants) with enactment of state and federal anti-bullying laws that enumerate distinguishing characteristics, including physical appearance and weight, which are currently absent in most statutes. Our evidence can inform policy and legal approaches to protect youth effectively from bullying. PMID:25393213

Puhl, Rebecca M; Luedicke, Joerg; King, Kelly M

2015-02-01

80

Sanitation rights, public law litigation, and inequality: a case study from Brazil.  

PubMed

Public law litigation has been used in many places to advance human rights related to health. In Brazil, such lawsuits usually request that the government pay for pharmaceuticals to individuals. But could litigation play a role in shaping public health policies to benefit communities? To explore this question, this paper focuses on lawsuits involving determinants of health, namely water and sanitation public policies. This paper discusses the results of an empirical study of 258 Brazilian court orders, issued in a 10-year period, that address requests for sewage collection and treatment. The data show that the Brazilian judiciary is willing to improve access to sanitation services. However, litigation has addressed fewer than 177 out of the 2,495 Brazilian municipalities that lack both sewage collection and treatment systems, and lawsuits are concentrated in the richer cities, not in the poorest ones. This paper suggests that public law litigation can be used to foster public health policies similar to the way in which structural reform litigation and the experimentalism approach between courts and defendants have influenced public policies and achieved institutional reform in schools and prisons. However, greater effort is needed to target initiatives that would reach the most disenfranchised communities. PMID:25569723

de Barcellos, Ana Paula

2014-01-01

81

Public assistance, drug testing, and the law: the limits of population-based legal analysis.  

PubMed

In Populations, Public Health and the Law, legal scholar Wendy Parmet urges courts to embrace population-based legal analysis, a public health inspired approach to legal reasoning. Parmet contends that population-based legal analysis offers a way to analyze legal issues--not unlike law and economics--as well as a set of values from which to critique contemporary legal discourse. Population-based analysis has been warmly embraced by the health law community as a bold new way of analyzing legal issues. Still, population-based analysis is not without its problems. At times, Parmet claims too much territory for the population perspective. Moreover, Parmet urges courts to recognize population health as an important norm in legal reasoning. What should we do when the insights of public health and conventional legal reasoning conflict? Still in its infancy, population-based analysis offers little in the way of answers to these questions. This Article applies population-based legal analysis to the constitutional problems that arise when states condition public assistance benefits on passing a drug test, thereby highlighting the strengths of the population perspective and exposing its weaknesses. PMID:24844042

Player, Candice T

2014-01-01

82

The modernization of American public law: health care reform and popular constitutionalism.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) transformed U.S. public law in crucial ways extending far beyond health care. As important as were the doctrinal shifts wrought by National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, the ACA's structural changes to public law likely will prove far more important should they become entrenched. The struggle over the ACA has triggered the kind of "constitutional moment" that has largely replaced Article V's formal amendment procedure since the Prohibition fiasco. The Court participates in this process, but the definitive and enduring character of these constitutional moments' outcomes springs from broad popular engagement. Despite the Court's ruling and the outcome of the 2012 elections, the battle over whether to implement or shelve the ACA will continue unabated, both federally and in the states, until We the People render a clear decision. Whether the ACA survives or fails will determine the basic principles that guide the development of federalism, social insurance, tax policy, and privatization for decades to come. In each of these areas, the New Deal bequeathed us a delicate accommodation between traditionalist social values and modernizing norms of economic efficiency and interest group liberalism. This balance has come under increasing stress, with individual laws rejecting tradition far more emphatically than the New Deal did. But absent broad popular engagement, no definitive new principles could be established. The ACA's entrenchment would elevate technocratic norms across public law, the first change of our fundamental law since the civil rights revolution. The ACA's failure would rejuvenate individualistic, moralistic, pre-New Deal norms and allow opponents to attempt a counterrevolution against technocracy. PMID:24834539

Super, David A

2014-04-01

83

Results of a seat belt use law enforcement and publicity campaign in Elmira, New York.  

PubMed

In New York and other states in which seat belt use laws went into effect in the mid-1980s, belt use rates surged initially, then declined. This pattern of belt use also occurred in Canadian provinces that enacted laws in the mid-1970s; special enforcement programs reversed this trend. In late 1985 a three-week enforcement and publicity program was conducted in Elmira, New York. Belt use rates in Elmira were 49 percent before the program, 77 percent right after, and 66 percent two months later. In Glens Falls, a comparison city without a program, belt use declined from 43 percent to 37 percent during this interval. In a telephone survey after the campaign, Elmira respondents were more likely to say the belt use law was being strictly enforced and were more favorable toward it, compared to Glens Falls respondents. These data indicate that enforcement/publicity programs are an important and feasible method for increasing compliance with belt use laws. PMID:3651198

Williams, A F; Lund, A K; Preusser, D F; Blomberg, R D

1987-08-01

84

Public attitudes to laws for smoke-free private vehicles: a brief review.  

PubMed

As smoke-free car policy is a frontier domain for tobacco control, attitudes to smoke-free private car laws are briefly reviewed. Medline and Google Scholar searches for the period up to mid-November 2008, from English language sources, were undertaken. Studies were included that contained data from national and subnational populations (eg, in states and provinces), but not for smaller administrative units, eg, cities or councils. Jurisdiction, sample size and survey questions were assessed. One reviewer conducted the data extraction and both authors conducted assessments. A total of 15 relevant studies (from 1988) were identified, set in North America, the UK and Australasia. The available data indicates that, for the jurisdictions with data, there is majority public support for laws requiring cars that contain children to be smoke free. There appears to be an increase over time in this support. In five surveys in 2005 or since (in California, New Zealand and Australia), the support from smokers was 77% or more. The high levels of public (and smoker) support for smoke-free car laws found in the studies to date suggest that this can be a relatively non-controversial tobacco control intervention. Survey series on attitudes to such laws are needed, and surveys in jurisdictions where the issue has not been investigated to date. PMID:19052041

Thomson, G; Wilson, N

2009-08-01

85

Competing for the Island Lifeline: European Law, State Aid and Regional Public Services  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bennett P. (2006) Competing for the island lifeline: European law, state aid and regional public services, Regional Studies40, 953–966. Ensuring the freedom to provide services in Europe often means that state subsidies for loss-making, but essential, services are subject to competitive tendering. For the past three decades ‘lifeline’ ferry services to the islands of Western Scotland have been operated by

Paul Bennett

2006-01-01

86

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty-one. New Hampshire  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of New Hampshire governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One. An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

87

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Sixteen. Indiana  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Indiana governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

88

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Fifty. West Virginia  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of West Virginia governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

89

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty. Nevada  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Nevada governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

90

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Seventeen. Iowa  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Iowa governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

91

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Eighteen. Kansas  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Kansas governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

92

Community energy systems and the law of public utilities. Volume thirty-four. New York  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of New York governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

93

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-seven. Missouri  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Missouri governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

94

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty-two. New Jersey  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of New Jersey governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

95

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-six. Mississippi  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Mississippi governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

96

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Three. Alabama  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Alabama governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

97

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Fifty-two. Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Wyoming governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

98

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty. Pennsylvania  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Pennsylvania governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

99

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-three. Massachusetts  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Massachusetts governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

100

45 CFR 287.20 - May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program? 287.20 Section 287.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2010-10-01

101

45 CFR 287.20 - May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program?  

...2014-10-01 2012-10-01 true May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program? 287.20 Section 287.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2014-10-01

102

45 CFR 287.20 - May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program? 287.20 Section 287.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2011-10-01

103

45 CFR 287.20 - May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program? 287.20 Section 287.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2012-10-01

104

45 CFR 287.20 - May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program? 287.20 Section 287.20 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2013-10-01

105

7 CFR 1901.202 - Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 programs...HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. (3) No...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 employee will, while conducting official business, participate in or...

2010-01-01

106

7 CFR 1950.104 - Borrower owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans...

2010-01-01

107

7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart A of... - Notice to FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Borrowers  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Borrowers A Exhibit...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Borrowers FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 borrowers...

2010-01-01

108

7 CFR 1901.205 - Nondiscrimination in construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or grant. ...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or grant. ...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 involving a...

2010-01-01

109

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart E of... - FmHA or Its Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Instruction...

2010-01-01

110

7 CFR 1944.660 - Authorized representative of the HPG applicant and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 point of contact...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 point of contact...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will deal only...

2010-01-01

111

7 CFR 1945.26 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA...HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA...for Agri-dependent businesses. (d) Notification...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 National...

2010-01-01

112

7 CFR 1940.326 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 action or...

2010-01-01

113

7 CFR 1948.89 - Land condemnation by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1948.89 Section...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. (a) If FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 attempts to...

2010-01-01

114

7 CFR 1945.27 - Relationship between FCIC and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1945.27 Section...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. (a) General...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 office) is a...

2010-01-01

115

7 CFR 1955.11 - Conveyance of property to FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 by trustee in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 by trustee in bankruptcy...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 by trustee in bankruptcy...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 debt; and...

2010-01-01

116

7 CFR 1901.506 - Book-entry procedure for FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 securities...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 securities-issuance...HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 securities are...accepts in the course of its business FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2010-01-01

117

7 CFR 1940.335 - Environmental review of FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals for...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals for legislation...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals for legislation...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals for...

2010-01-01

118

7 CFR 1950.103 - Borrower owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan...

2010-01-01

119

7 CFR 1945.30 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support Teams (ELST).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 in...

2010-01-01

120

7 CFR 1940.325 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will serve as...

2010-01-01

121

7 CFR 1945.28 - Relationship between ASCS and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1945.28 Section...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. Exhibit A of...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 office) is a...

2010-01-01

122

7 CFR 1945.28 - Relationship between ASCS and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public Law 103-354 by coordinating certain ASCS disaster programs with the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 EM loan program. It specifically identifies the administrative responsibilities of FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...

2011-01-01

123

7 CFR 1945.28 - Relationship between ASCS and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Law 103-354 by coordinating certain ASCS disaster programs with the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 EM loan program. It specifically identifies the administrative responsibilities of FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...

2012-01-01

124

8 CFR 245.13 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of Nicaragua and Cuba under Public Law 105-100.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Nicaragua and Cuba under Public Law 105-100. 245.13 Section...Nicaragua and Cuba under Public Law 105-100. (a) Aliens eligible...of a fee waiver request. Upon demand by the Board, the payment...status under section 202 of Public Law 105-100. (i)...

2010-01-01

125

42 CFR 411.7 - Services that must be furnished at public expense under a Federal law or Federal Government...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...in accordance with a law of, or a contract with, the United States. (b) Exception. Payment may be made for services that a hospital or SNF of the Indian Health Service is obligated to furnish at public...

2011-10-01

126

42 CFR 411.7 - Services that must be furnished at public expense under a Federal law or Federal Government...  

...in accordance with a law of, or a contract with, the United States. (b) Exception. Payment may be made for services that a hospital or SNF of the Indian Health Service is obligated to furnish at public...

2014-10-01

127

The Background of Proposed Legislation to Study Public Lending Right in the United States: Issues in Policy, Law and Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses policy, law, and administrative issues that must be resolved by a national commission to study public lending right, which was proposed in a 1985 bill. Examples from the United Kingdom and other countries are used. (EM)

Hyatt, Dennis

1986-01-01

128

How do public health safeguards in Indian patent law affect pharmaceutical patenting in practice?  

PubMed

The 1995 Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) agreement required developing countries to grant product patents in pharmaceuticals. Developing countries have since explored various measures to ameliorate potential negative effects of the new laws on public health. A prominent example is India, whose post-TRIPS patent laws include a provision, section 3(d), that restricts patents on incremental pharmaceutical innovations. Its critics and supporters alike suggest that this provision makes Indian patent law very different from that in other jurisdictions. Yet there are concerns that given resource constraints facing the Indian patent office, this novel feature of Indian patent laws on the books may not have an effect on Indian patent prosecution in practice. We test this by examining the prosecution outcomes of 2,803 applications filed in both India and Europe, coded by whether they include claims that trigger 3(d) considerations. We find that having the 3(d) provision on the books does not translate into very different patent outcomes in practice in India, relative to Europe, a jurisdiction without this provision. PMID:23645877

Sampat, Bhaven N; Amin, Tahir

2013-08-01

129

State environmental law and carbon emissions: Do public utility commissions use environmental statutes to fight global warming?  

SciTech Connect

In many states environmental statutes provide the authority for public utility commissioners to make decisions to reduce greenhouse gases from electricity generation. This article looks at six such laws and how the presence of these laws affected CO{sub 2} emissions during a nine-year period from 1997 to 2005. (author)

Sautter, John A.

2010-10-15

130

Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431: Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This report is the appendices to a companion report, prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

2007-08-02

131

Seat belt use law enforcement and publicity in Elmira, New York: a reminder campaign.  

PubMed

A three-week belt use law publicity and enforcement campaign in Elmira, New York, in November 1985, increased use from 49 per cent to 77 per cent; four months later belt use was 66 per cent. A reminder program, in April 1986, increased belt use to 80 per cent; use declined to 69 per cent four months later and to 60 per cent eight months later. Throughout these periods, belt use in Glens Falls, a comparison community, remained stable at just over 40 per cent. PMID:3661800

Williams, A F; Preusser, D F; Blomberg, R D; Lund, A K

1987-11-01

132

Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

2007-08-02

133

45 CFR 287.165 - What are the data collection and reporting requirements for Public Law 102-477 Tribes that...  

...collection and reporting requirements for Public Law 102-477 Tribes that consolidate... 287.165 Section 287.165 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2014-10-01

134

45 CFR 287.165 - What are the data collection and reporting requirements for Public Law 102-477 Tribes that...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...collection and reporting requirements for Public Law 102-477 Tribes that consolidate... 287.165 Section 287.165 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2010-10-01

135

45 CFR 287.165 - What are the data collection and reporting requirements for Public Law 102-477 Tribes that...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...collection and reporting requirements for Public Law 102-477 Tribes that consolidate... 287.165 Section 287.165 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2013-10-01

136

45 CFR 287.165 - What are the data collection and reporting requirements for Public Law 102-477 Tribes that...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...collection and reporting requirements for Public Law 102-477 Tribes that consolidate... 287.165 Section 287.165 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2011-10-01

137

45 CFR 287.165 - What are the data collection and reporting requirements for Public Law 102-477 Tribes that...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...collection and reporting requirements for Public Law 102-477 Tribes that consolidate... 287.165 Section 287.165 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS),...

2012-10-01

138

California State Library Statistics, 2004: Fiscal Year 2002-2003. From Public, Academic, Special and County Law Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year the State Library sends annual report forms to California's academic, public, special, state agency, and county law libraries. Statistical data from those reports are tabulated in this publication, with directory listings published in the companion volume, California Library Directory. For this fiscal year four hundred and thirty seven…

Bray, Ira, Ed.

2004-01-01

139

California Library Statistics, 2009: Fiscal Year 2007-2008 from Public, Academic, Special and County Law Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year the State Library sends annual report forms to California's public, academic, special, state agency, and county law libraries. Statistical data from those reports are tabulated in this publication, with directory listings published in the companion volume, "California Library Directory." For this fiscal year, 389 libraries of all types…

Bray, Ira, Ed.

2009-01-01

140

California Library Statistics, 2005: Fiscal Year 2003-2004 from Public, Academic, Special and County Law Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year the State Library sends annual report forms to California's academic, public, special, state agency, and county law libraries. Statistical data from those reports are tabulated in this publication, with directory listings published in the companion volume, California Library Directory. For this fiscal year four hundred and eight…

Bray, Ira, Ed.

2005-01-01

141

U.S. Drug Control Policies: Federal Spending on Law Enforcement versus Treatment in Public Health Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the relationships among federal anti-drug law enforcement expenditures, education and treatment expenditures, and public health outcomes. The data include four types of spending: criminal justice system, interdiction and international intelligence, education in the community and workplace, and drug treatment. These data were combined with mortality rates for drug abuse, a public health outcome. The empirical findings support

Edward Shepard; Paul R. Blackley

2004-01-01

142

7 CFR 1980.452 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 evaluation of application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Instruction 2015-C (available in any FmHA or its successor agency under Public...or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Instruction 2015-C (available in any FmHA or its successor agency under...

2011-01-01

143

Conflicting Messages: How Criminal HIV Disclosure Laws Undermine Public Health Efforts to Control the Spread of HIV  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-three U.S. states currently have laws that make it a crime for persons who have HIV to engage in various sexual behaviors without, in most cases, disclosing their HIV-positive status to prospective sex partners. As structural interventions aimed at reducing new HIV infections, the laws ideally should complement the HIV prevention efforts of public health professionals. Unfortunately, they do not.

Carol L. Galletly; Steven D. Pinkerton

2006-01-01

144

Federal Assistance to Desegregating School Districts. Emergency School Aid Act, Title VII, Public Law 92-318, as Amended by Public Law 93-380. A Report on Activities, April 1974-September 1974.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the fifth periodic report to the President and to the Congress on "Federal Assistance to Desegregating School Districts" as required under section 714, Emergency School Aid Act (ESAA), Title VII of Public Law 92-318, as amended. Under the authority of ESAA, financial assistance was made available for the following purposes: to meet the…

Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

145

Knowledgeability of Copyright Law among Librarians and Library Paraprofessionals Employed in Adult Services at a Large Public Library System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since public libraries contain copyrighted works in the form of print, electronic or audiovisual sources, librarians and library paraprofessionals need to possess sufficient knowledge of United States copyright law to meet the information needs of patrons successfully and legally. A literature review revealed that minimal works address this topic.…

Lavelle, Bridget M.

146

State Land-Use Laws in the Northeast: A Compendium and Classification of Selected Statutes. Publication 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared as part of the program of the Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development under Title V of the Rural Development Act of 1972, this compendium cites 194 state laws related to public control of privately owned land outside developed urban areas in 12 Northeastern States. Arranged alphabetically and ordered chronologically, this…

Hyde, Leslie C.

147

75 FR 67023 - Delegation of Waiver Authority Pursuant to Section 107(a) of Public Law 110-457  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...20, 2010 Delegation of Waiver Authority Pursuant to Section 107(a) of Public Law 110-457 Memorandum for the Secretary of...to you the functions conferred upon the President by section 107(a) of the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims...

2010-11-01

148

The risk of domestic violence and women with HIV infection: implications for partner notification, public policy, and the law.  

PubMed Central

Partner notification has emerged as an important strategy in the fight against acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and states have now adopted a plethora of laws that encourage or mandate notification, often without the patient's consent. As human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection continues to spread among women, the future development of AIDS control strategies and public health laws must be shaped by concern for the safety and autonomy of patients who face a risk of domestic violence. Three distinct recommendations flow from this premise. First, all HIV-infected women should be assessed for the risk of domestic violence and offered appropriate interventions. Second, where a risk of abuse is indicated, partners should never be notified without the patient's consent. State laws that presently permit involuntary notification should be repealed or amended. Third, laws that punish a patient's refusal to notify partners should also be modified or repealed. PMID:7485675

Rothenberg, K H; Paskey, S J

1995-01-01

149

An exploration of conceptual and temporal fallacies in international health law and promotion of global public health preparedness.  

PubMed

In February 2007, Indonesia withheld sharing H5N1 viral samples in order to compel the World Health Organization and Member States to guarantee future access to vaccines for States disproportionately burdened by infectious diseases. This article explores conceptual and temporal fallacies in the International Health Regulations (2005) and the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health, as relates to global public health preparedness. Recommendations include adopting laws to facilitate non-pharmaceutical interventions; securing the rights of affected populations; and fostering inter-State collaborations to promote intra-State public health capacity building. PMID:18076510

Bhattacharya, Dhrubajyoti

2007-01-01

150

7 CFR 1945.31 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment Teams (ELAT).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment Teams...Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES...FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment...

2010-01-01

151

7 CFR 1956.145 - Disposition of essential FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 records. 1956.145 ...Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES...or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 records. FmHA or its...

2010-01-01

152

7 CFR 1945.25 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA. 1945.25 Section 1945.25 Agriculture...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA. (a) General. When a major disaster...declaration is made by the President, the FEMA is charged with the responsibility...

2011-01-01

153

7 CFR 1945.25 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA. 1945.25 Section 1945.25 Agriculture...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA. (a) General. When a major disaster...declaration is made by the President, the FEMA is charged with the responsibility...

2012-01-01

154

8 CFR 1245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 1245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2012-01-01

155

8 CFR 1245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 1245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2013-01-01

156

8 CFR 1245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 1245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2014-01-01

157

8 CFR 245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2010-01-01

158

8 CFR 1245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 1245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2010-01-01

159

8 CFR 245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2011-01-01

160

8 CFR 1245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 1245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2011-01-01

161

Law and Me: A Resource Guide for Social Studies Teachers in Milwaukee Public High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four units on legal education for high school social studies courses in Milwaukee schools are presented. Unit 1 briefly considers the nature of law in a democratic society. Using fictional situations, group activities, and diagrams, students examine the social contract, the pervasive nature of law in everyday life, and the sources of laws. In Unit…

Donegan, Robert; And Others

162

The law and emergencies: surveillance for public health-related legal issues during Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.  

PubMed

Law influenced every aspect of the public health response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, from evacuation orders, to waivers of medical licensing requirements, to the clean-up of public health threats on private property. We used public health surveillance of news reports to identify and characterize legal issues arising during the disaster response in 5 Gulf Coast states. Data collected from news reports of the events in real time were followed-up by interviews with selected state legal and emergency management officials. Our analysis indicates the value of surveillance during and after emergency responses in identifying public health-related legal issues and helps to inform the strengthening of legal preparedness frameworks for future disasters. PMID:17413083

Weiss, Rachel I; McKie, Karen L; Goodman, Richard A

2007-04-01

163

Selected Laws Relating to the Construction and Repair of Public School Facilities in North Carolina.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools in North Carolina are governed by numerous laws pertaining to construction and repair. A selection of these laws is presented. Financial concerns constitute the bulk of these statutes, covering areas such as bids (financial outlay, advertisement, rejecting bids, and withdrawing bids); sources of state funds; the selling or buying of school…

North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh.

164

Delphine COSTA Professor of Public Law, 1st class Born on January 7th, 1970  

E-print Network

-Sorbonne) 1992-1998 University of Paris 1 (Panthéon-Sorbonne) ! PhD in Law (Les fictions juridiques en droit at the Catholic University of Louvain-la-Neuve : researches at Time and administrative law during sabbatical leave

Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, Université de

165

Delphine COSTA Professor of Public Law, 1st class Born on January 7th, 1970  

E-print Network

-Sorbonne) 1992-1998 University of Paris 1 (Panthéon-Sorbonne) PhD in Law (Les fictions juridiques en droit, Louisiana, USA February, 2012 Scientific stay at the Catholic University of Louvain-la-Neuve, BELGIUM

Avignon et des Pays de Vaucluse, Université de

166

7 CFR 1945.27 - Relationship between FCIC and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 EM loan borrowers to use Federal All-Risk...of Understanding. (c) Contact after EM actual loss loans are made available. After each disaster, when EM loans are made available, State...

2012-01-01

167

7 CFR 1945.27 - Relationship between FCIC and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 EM loan borrowers to use Federal All-Risk...of Understanding. (c) Contact after EM actual loss loans are made available. After each disaster, when EM loans are made available, State...

2011-01-01

168

77 FR 22326 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended by Public Law 100-503; Notice of a Computer Matching Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...SERVICES Administration for Children and Families Privacy Act of...Law 100-503; Notice of a Computer Matching Program AGENCY: Office...System (PARIS) notice of a computer matching program between the...Public Law 100-503, the Computer Matching and Privacy...

2012-04-13

169

"Street art" draws attention of the public, potential investors, and law enforcement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Blek le Rat, the man who gave birth to Banksyhttp://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/visual_arts/article4066727.eceBanksy [Macromedia Flash Player]http://www.banksy.co.uk/Tate Modern: Street Arthttp://www.tate.org.uk/modern/exhibitions/streetart/default.shtmTIME: Art of the Street Photo Essayhttp://www.time.com/time/photoessays/street_art/Streetarthttp://streetart.antville.org/Many experts and neophytes throughout the ages have asked, "What is art?" Some say there must be a mission statement or intentionality to have real "art", and others say that the matter is completely subjective. Some have created distinctions of "high" and "low" art to distinguish between the work of the Old Masters, for example, and that of young Turks who go around creating street art. One of these young Turks is the Bristol-born Banksy, who is well known for his graffiti projects across the world. Appearing almost out of nowhere, his work has included snarky representations of Queen Elizabeth II, law enforcement representatives, and deeply cynical send-ups of consumer culture. In recent times, Banksy's work, along with fellow street artists like Swoon, has garnered significant attention from cultural critics, the general public, and people who are plain furious about what they call defacement of property. Recently, a piece by Jennifer Hill at Reuters took a close look at the growing interest among investors in such work, even though the work sometimes appears on large buildings and structures, and therefore cannot be moved or modified due to its placement. Financial planner Christine Ross at the SG Hambros Private Bank noted that in thinking about the rising value of such work, "When you come to sell, who knows where the market will be? It can very much depend on what's in vogue. While you'll probably find a buyer for most pieces, at what price?" The first link will take users to a piece by Jennifer Hill from Reuters UK about the rising interest in various types of street art. The second link leads to an article from the Times Online about the "grand old man" of street art, Blek le Rat. Moving on, the third link leads to the homepage of the elusive Banksy. On the site, visitors can learn about his work, and even download a few works for their own personal use. The fourth link leads to information about a current exhibit at the Tate Modern in London, which presents the work of six internationally, acclaimed street artists. The exhibition looks quite fascinating, and well worth a visit. The fifth link leads to an interactive photo essay from TIME which offers up a selection of street art from artists such as WK, Miss Van, and Pez. The final link whisks visitors away to the collaborative weblog "Streetart" which is a place for "photos of DIY posters, guerilla stickers, home-made stencils, etc.".

Grinnell, Max

2008-06-13

170

Energy Policy and Conservation Amendments Act of 1985: public law 99-58. Ninety-Ninth Congress, July 2, 1985  

SciTech Connect

Public Law 99-58 extends Titles I and II of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act to June 30, 1989 by adding section 171 to Part C-Expiration of Title I. Other amendments pertain to the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR) program, specifically to require a test drawdown, and terminate certain emergency authorities. Title II amendments mandate a review of coal imports that will cover quantity, quality, and source as well as identifying domestic coal production and consumption by state to determine if there are any significant trends.

Not Available

1985-01-01

171

Assessment of Workshops on Principles of Public Health Law and Legal Tools for Effective Health Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluated public health workshops held at Orlando, Florida (September 25-26, 1969), and Baltimore (October 12-15, 1969), by means of responses from 115 physicians, social workers, administrators, attorneys, and other participants having legal and regulatory responsibilities in the public health field. The 20 point Kropp-Verner…

Dutton, Donnie; Hering, Frederick W.

172

HEALTH INSURANCE PORTABILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY ACT Public Law 104-191  

E-print Network

purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America. Wrongful disclosure of individually identifiable health information. #12;· "Sec. 1178. Effect on State law, or health care clearinghouse; and #12;"(B) relates to the past, present, or future physical or mental health

Príncipe, José Carlos

173

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act -Public Law 111-5 Select News and Analysis  

E-print Network

relevant to clean energy efforts. http://www.epa.gov/statelocalclimate/documents/pdf/local a state or local government could take to leverage EPA's offerings. http://www.epa.gov/statelocalclimate/documents document has been bookmarked to locate the Energy portions of the Law and to correspond to the Conference

Collins, Gary S.

174

Hawai'i air quality monitoring assessment: some effects of Hawai'i's smoke-free work and public places law.  

PubMed

In November 2006, the Smoke-Free Work and Public Places Law passed to protect people from secondhand smoke in Hawai'i. An air-quality monitoring assessment to determine the difference this law made in air quality was conducted at 15 bars/restaurants. Levels of particulate matter (PM2.5) at enclosed (indoor) venues fell 90% after implementation of the law while partially enclosed restaurants/bars were all below the EPA 24 hour average limit both before and after the law. PMID:18678206

Pobutsky, Ann; Krupitsky, Dmitry; Kanja, Mildred Lum; Lipsher, Julian

2008-06-01

175

Integrated electronic waste management in Mexico : law, technology and public policy  

E-print Network

What is electronic waste? Why is it considered a problem? What are the public health implications of its mishandling? The electronic industry, a sector that has experienced one of the highest growth rates of the last decade, ...

Gonzalez Llera, Ricardo, 1971-

2004-01-01

176

Pornography: The Issues and the Law. Public Affairs Pamphlet No. 477.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet, one of a series published by the Public Affairs Committee, presents an overview of some of the legal and social issues raised about pornography and obscenity. (The author regards these two terms as synonymous.) The pamphlet first presents a brief history of the censorship of books in England, the American colonies, and the United…

Norwick, Kenneth P.

177

Testing Trial Advocacy: A Law Professor's Brief Life as a Public Defender.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A trial advocacy professor who spent some time as an assistant public defender discusses the types of clients the criminal defense lawyer is likely to encounter and offers suggestions for training the advocate to address the problems posed by each defendant type. (Author/MSE)

Gildin, Gary S.

1994-01-01

178

National Energy Conservation Policy Act. Public Law 95-619, 95th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (P.L. 95-619). The purposes of this act are to provide for the regulation of interstate commerce, to reduce the growth in demand for energy in the United States, and to conserve nonrenewable energy resources produced in this nation and elsewhere, without inhibiting beneficial economic…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

179

Legislative History of Public Law 101-336. The Americans with Disabilities Act. Volumes 1-3. Prepared for the Committee on Education and Labor. U.S. House of Representatives, One Hundred First Congress. Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Documents pertaining to the legislative history of Public Law 101-336, the Americans with Disabilities Act, are compiled. The compilation begins with the text of the law (which is designed to prohibit discrimination on the basis of disability) including its five titles (employment, public services, public accommodations and services operated by…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Education and Labor.

180

Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act, with Index (Public Law 96-501).  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act was enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America. It was enacted to assist the electrical consumers of the Pacific Northwest through use of the Federal columbia River Power System to achieve cost-effective energy conservation, to encourage the development of renewable energy resources, to establish a representative regional power planning process, to assure the region of an efficient and adequate power supply, and for other purposes. Contents of the Act are: short title and table of contents; purposes; definitions; regional planning and participation; sale of power; conservation and resource acquisition; rates; amendments to existing law; administrative provisions; savings provisions; effective date; and severability.

Not Available

1991-12-01

181

77 FR 37062 - Intent To Request Approval From OMB of One New Public Collection of Information: Office of Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection of Information: Office of Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service...operators for the provision of law enforcement officers (LEOs) to support...which is run by the Office of Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal...

2012-06-20

182

Energy and water development appropriations: Public Law 99-141-November 1, 1985. Ninety-Ninth Congress  

SciTech Connect

Appropriations under Public Law 99-141 for energy and water development are divided into five titles. Title I funds projects for general construction, flood control and coastal emergencies, and other civilian expenses of the Army Corps of Engineers. Title II covers the work of the Bureau of Reclamation and other programs of the Department of the Interior, such as fire control, aircraft facilities, and response to natural disasters under the Department of the Interior. Title III appropriates funds for uranium production and enrichment, the disposal of nuclear wastes, and atomic energy defense activities under DOE, as well as power marketing, administrative expenses of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and development of geothermal resources. Title IV funds independent agencies, including the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Tennessee Valley Authority. Title VI prohibits certain uses of the funds.

Not Available

1985-01-01

183

Law 302.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication outlines a law course intended as part of a business education program in the secondary schools of Manitoba, Canada. The one credit course of study should be taught over a period of 110-120 hours of instruction. It provides students with an introduction to the principles, practices, and consequences of law with regard to torts,…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

184

Motorcycle Helmet Laws in the United States From 1990 to 2005: Politics and Public Health  

PubMed Central

The passage of universal helmet legislation requiring motorcycle riders of all ages to wear helmets is a timely and controversial issue with far-reaching public health implications, especially as the number of motorcycle fatalities continues to rise. In 2008, only 20 states had a universal helmet policy, an effective safety measure for reducing motorcycle fatalities and serious injuries. We used state-specific longitudinal data for the continental United States from 1990 through 2005 to determine which industry, political, economic, and demographic factors had a significant influence on the enactment of universal helmet policies. Our findings suggest that political climate and ideology are important predictors of helmet policies. PMID:19106423

Homer, Jenny

2009-01-01

185

RETHINKING THE ROLE OF CLINICAL TRIAL DATA IN INTERNATIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW: THE CASE FOR A PUBLIC GOODS APPROACH  

PubMed Central

This article describes the growth and consequences of new intellectual property rights given to pharmaceutical developers, and it advocates treating clinical trials as a public good. Although the soaring cost of clinical trials is well known and discussed, too little attention is given to the underlying rationale for allowing drug developers to recoup their costs through the new intellectual property rights provided in multilateral, regional, and bilateral agreements. Known in the US as “market exclusivity” and in Europe as “data exclusivity,” these rights prohibit would-be generic producers from obtaining regulatory approval based on the original producers’ undisclosed test data. Market and data exclusivity is codified in US and European domestic law as well as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and, to a lesser degree, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Market and data exclusivity is binding an increasing number of developing countries via Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), which hinder developing countries from manufacturing generic drugs. At a minimum, negotiators should replace the norm of exclusive control over data with a liability rule, or take and pay rule, in which generic manufacturers can use original manufacturers’ clinical trial data in exchange for reasonable compensation. A more fundamental solution requires questioning the status quo of proprietary clinical trial data. The conventional wisdom is that market and data exclusivity, and drug developers’ consequent ability to limit competition from generics above and beyond patent protection, are a necessary incentive for drug developers to fund ever more expensive clinical trials. Clinical trial data, however, are public goods that will be undersupplied and over protected so long as private actors provide them. Moreover, manufacturers have an incentive to present clinical trial data so that they support regulatory approval at the expense of public health. Although liability rules are better than the status quo, they would not resolve the problem of treating a public good as proprietary. Governments should thus oversee and fund clinical trials as the public good that they are. Clinical tests should be awarded to the most qualified scientists through a competitive process, financed in part with the decrease in drug costs to governmental health care programs and in part with drug developers’ contributions, selected to maximize social benefit, and made global via intergovernmental bodies to maximize social return. This would reduce the cost of redundant investigations to the global public health system, lower supply costs to drug consumers, and lower the breakeven point for investment in research to discover new drugs. PMID:20431702

REICHMAN, JEROME H.

2009-01-01

186

RETHINKING THE ROLE OF CLINICAL TRIAL DATA IN INTERNATIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW: THE CASE FOR A PUBLIC GOODS APPROACH.  

PubMed

This article describes the growth and consequences of new intellectual property rights given to pharmaceutical developers, and it advocates treating clinical trials as a public good. Although the soaring cost of clinical trials is well known and discussed, too little attention is given to the underlying rationale for allowing drug developers to recoup their costs through the new intellectual property rights provided in multilateral, regional, and bilateral agreements. Known in the US as "market exclusivity" and in Europe as "data exclusivity," these rights prohibit would-be generic producers from obtaining regulatory approval based on the original producers' undisclosed test data. Market and data exclusivity is codified in US and European domestic law as well as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and, to a lesser degree, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Market and data exclusivity is binding an increasing number of developing countries via Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), which hinder developing countries from manufacturing generic drugs. At a minimum, negotiators should replace the norm of exclusive control over data with a liability rule, or take and pay rule, in which generic manufacturers can use original manufacturers' clinical trial data in exchange for reasonable compensation. A more fundamental solution requires questioning the status quo of proprietary clinical trial data. The conventional wisdom is that market and data exclusivity, and drug developers' consequent ability to limit competition from generics above and beyond patent protection, are a necessary incentive for drug developers to fund ever more expensive clinical trials. Clinical trial data, however, are public goods that will be undersupplied and over protected so long as private actors provide them. Moreover, manufacturers have an incentive to present clinical trial data so that they support regulatory approval at the expense of public health. Although liability rules are better than the status quo, they would not resolve the problem of treating a public good as proprietary. Governments should thus oversee and fund clinical trials as the public good that they are. Clinical tests should be awarded to the most qualified scientists through a competitive process, financed in part with the decrease in drug costs to governmental health care programs and in part with drug developers' contributions, selected to maximize social benefit, and made global via intergovernmental bodies to maximize social return. This would reduce the cost of redundant investigations to the global public health system, lower supply costs to drug consumers, and lower the breakeven point for investment in research to discover new drugs. PMID:20431702

Reichman, Jerome H

2009-01-01

187

7 CFR 1945.30 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support Teams (ELST).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public Law 103-354 in implementing the EM loan program. Also, ELSTs are used when unusually large numbers of EM loan applications are received and personnel...State Directors in expediting the making of EM loans to disaster victims. (1)...

2011-01-01

188

7 CFR 1945.26 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...appropriate SBA Disaster Area Office of all EM loan applications received each week, for...send a copy of each final action taken with EM loan applications to the appropriate SBA...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 EM loan assistance in disaster areas...

2012-01-01

189

7 CFR 1945.26 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...appropriate SBA Disaster Area Office of all EM loan applications received each week, for...send a copy of each final action taken with EM loan applications to the appropriate SBA...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 EM loan assistance in disaster areas...

2011-01-01

190

7 CFR 1945.30 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support Teams (ELST).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Law 103-354 in implementing the EM loan program. Also, ELSTs are used when unusually large numbers of EM loan applications are received and personnel...State Directors in expediting the making of EM loans to disaster victims. (1)...

2012-01-01

191

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart K of... - Guide Letter to Delinquent FmHA or Its Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Single Family...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Public Law 103-354 Single Family Housing Loan Borrowers E Exhibit E to Subpart K of Part 1944 Agriculture Regulations of...Supervisory Assistance Grants Pt. 1944, Subpt. K, Exh. E Exhibit E to Subpart K of Part 1944—Guide Letter...

2010-01-01

192

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America. Part XI: The Basin-Plateau Tribes. Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Museum of Anthropology, University of Northern Colorado at Greeley, has assembled various American Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to comprise a series of publications. The present volume, Part XI of the series, deals with the Indian tribes of Nevada: The Moapa Band of Paiute Indians, the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe, the…

Fay, George E., Comp.

193

A PUBLICATION OF THE SILHA CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF MEDIA ETHICS AND LAW | FALL 2013 NSA, continued on page 3  

E-print Network

A PUBLICATION OF THE SILHA CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF MEDIA ETHICS AND LAW | FALL 2013 NSA, continued on page 3 Snowden Leaks Continue to Reveal NSA Surveillance Programs, Drive U.S. and International to obtain messages before they were encrypted; and by using the NSA's influence as the "world's most

Blanchette, Robert A.

194

What would Mary Douglas do? A commentary on Kahan et al., "Cultural cognition and public policy: the case of outpatient commitment laws".  

PubMed

Involuntary outpatient commitment is a highly controversial issue in mental health law. Strong supporters of outpatient commitment see it as a form of access to community-based mental health care and a less restrictive alternative to hospitalization for people with severe mental illness; vocal opponents see it as an instrument of social control and an unwarranted deprivation of individual liberty. Kahan and colleagues apply the theory of "cultural cognition" in an empirical study of how cultural worldviews influence support for outpatient commitment laws among the general public and shape perceptions of evidence for these laws' effectiveness. This article critiques Kahan et al. and offers an alternative perspective on the controversy, emphasizing particular social facts underlying stakeholders' positions on outpatient commitment laws. PMID:19462224

Swanson, Jeffrey

2010-06-01

195

Impact of Arizona’s SB 1070 Immigration Law on Utilization of Health Care and Public Assistance Among Mexican-Origin Adolescent Mothers and Their Mother Figures  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the impact of Arizona’s “Supporting Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act” (SB 1070, enacted July 29, 2010) on the utilization of preventive health care and public assistance among Mexican-origin families. Methods. Data came from 142 adolescent mothers and 137 mother figures who participated in a quasi-experimental, ongoing longitudinal study of the health and development of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers and their infants (4 waves; March 2007–December 2011). We used general estimating equations to determine whether utilization of preventive health care and public assistance differed before versus after SB 1070’s enactment. Results. Adolescents reported declines in use of public assistance and were less likely to take their baby to the doctor; compared with older adolescents, younger adolescents were less likely to use preventive health care after SB 1070. Mother figures were less likely to use public assistance after SB 1070 if they were born in the United States and if their post–SB 1070 interview was closer to the law’s enactment. Conclusions. Findings suggest that immigration policies such as SB 1070 may contribute to decreases in use of preventive health care and public assistance among high-risk populations. PMID:24354823

Umańa-Taylor, Adriana J.; Williams, David R.; Harvey-Mendoza, Elizabeth; Jahromi, Laudan B.; Updegraff, Kimberly A.

2014-01-01

196

Real or perceived impediments to minimum pricing of alcohol in Australia: public opinion, the industry and the law.  

PubMed

A burgeoning body of empirical evidence demonstrates that increases in the price of alcohol can reduce per capita alcohol consumption and harmful drinking. Taxes on alcohol can be raised to increase prices, but this strategy can be undermined if the industry absorbs the tax increase and cross-subsidises the price of one alcoholic beverage with other products. Such loss-leading strategies are not possible with minimum pricing. We argue that a minimum (or floor) price for alcohol should be used as a complement to alcohol taxation. Several jurisdictions have already introduced minimum pricing (e.g., Canada, Ukraine) and others are currently investigating pathways to introduce a floor price (e.g., Scotland). Tasked by the Australian government to examine the public interest case for a minimum price, Australia's peak preventative health agency recommended against setting one at the present time. The agency was concerned that there was insufficient Australian specific modelling evidence to make robust estimates of the net benefits. Nonetheless, its initial judgement was that it would be difficult for a minimum price to produce benefits for Australia at the national level. Whilst modelling evidence is certainly warranted to support the introduction of the policy, the development and uptake of policy is influenced by more than just empirical evidence. This article considers three potential impediments to minimum pricing: public opinion and misunderstandings or misgivings about the operation of a minimum price; the strength of alcohol industry objections and measures to undercut the minimum price through discounts and promotions; and legal obstacles including competition and trade law. The analysis of these factors is situated in an Australian context, but has salience internationally. PMID:23773685

Chalmers, Jenny; Carragher, Natacha; Davoren, Sondra; O'Brien, Paula

2013-11-01

197

Law Enforcement and the Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on law enforcement relating to library crimes. Discusses jurisdiction, reporting a loss, law enforcement response, law enforcement's expectations, suspects, publicity, the aftermath, and testimony in court. (AEF)

Clark, Edward F.

1998-01-01

198

New Tax Law Boosts School Construction with Public-Private Partnerships. The Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. 1463.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a provision in a tax bill implemented in June 2001 that allows towns and cities to build public school facilities faster, better, and less expensively by forming public-private partnerships with qualified real estate investors and developers. Private sector investors can fund construction, then lease the facilities to public

Utt, Ronald D.

199

78 FR 36816 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...questionnaire on private international law issues surrounding the status of children, including issues arising from international surrogacy arrangements. The questionnaire, which was prepared by the Permanent Bureau of the Hague Conference on Private...

2013-06-19

200

11.166 / 11.496 Law, Social Movements, and Public Policy: Comparative and International Experience, Fall 2002  

E-print Network

The course introduces theoretical frameworks from legal and social movement theories as applied to court opinions, legislation, treaties, law-related articles, and policy-oriented materials and focuses on the impact of the ...

Rajagopal, Balakrishnan

201

Poverty, Productivity, and Public Health: The Effects of "Right to Work" Laws on Key Standards of Living  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On February 1, 2012, Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels signed a "right to work" (RTW) provision in the state's labor laws, making Indiana the 23rd RTW state in the nation. In addition to becoming the 23rd RTW state in the nation, Indiana is the first in more than a decade to pass a law undermining the ability of unions to organize and represent their…

Minor, Darrell

2012-01-01

202

BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Berkeley Law students have the option of earning a Certification of Specialization in  

E-print Network

paper focusing on some aspect of environmental, land use or natural resource law. The paper requirement Pollution) (3 units) LAW 273.63 Public Lands and Natural Resources Law (3 units) LAW 273.71 California1 BERKELEY LAW CERTIFICATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 2010-2011 Berkeley Law students have the option

Kammen, Daniel M.

203

The Laws Are Yours.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The pamphlet briefly describes various facets of the law and legal system in Wisconsin, and defines many legal terms. The objective is to further public understanding of the law and of the legal profession, particularly in Wisconsin. No attempt is made to answer specific legal questions. Sections cover civil and criminal law; the federal court…

Lawyers' Wives of Wisconsin, Racine.

204

California Library Laws, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California Library Laws 2009 is a selective guide to state laws and related materials that most directly affect the everyday operations of public libraries and organizations that work with public libraries. It is intended as a convenient reference, not as a replacement for the annotated codes or for legal advice. The guide is organized as follows.…

Smith, Paul G., Ed.

2009-01-01

205

California Library Laws, 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"California Library Laws 2008" is a selective guide to state laws and related materials that most directly affect the everyday operations of public libraries and organizations that work with public libraries. It is intended as a convenient reference, not as a replacement for the annotated codes or for legal advice. The guide is organized as…

Smith, Paul G., Ed.

2008-01-01

206

Authorization of Disclosure I fully understand that, under the laws of the State of Tennessee, personnel records are considered public  

E-print Network

Authorization of Disclosure I fully understand that, under the laws of the State of Tennessee of such records. THE FOLLOWING AUTHORIZATIONS ARE FOR RELEASE OF INFORMATION IN RESPONSE TO TELEPHONE INQUIRIES ONLY (sign for one of the following options): Option 1: I, the undersigned, authorize the Office

Dai, Pengcheng

207

TenureTrack Assistant Professor -Health Policy and Law The Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (JSGS) invites applications for the position of Assistant Professor in the area of health  

E-print Network

of Public Policy (JSGS) invites applications for the position of Assistant Professor in the area of healthTenureTrack Assistant Professor - Health Policy and Law The Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Regina campus, in co-operation with the University of Saskatchewan's School of Public Health

Saskatchewan, University of

208

Using Surveys to Track Student Sexual Behavior and Attitudes in the Public Schools: Current Case Law and Future Implications  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two recent federal court cases have addressed the constitutionality of using sexual surveys in public schools. This article compares these cases with an earlier case dealing with the same issue but reaching different results. This article also describes the constitutional rights of parents to educate their children and the school's rights to…

Bullis, Ronald K.

2008-01-01

209

Honoring Native American Code Talkers: The Road to the Code Talkers Recognition Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-420)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in North American Indian code talkers continues to increase. In addition to numerous works about the Navajo code talkers, several publications on other groups of Native American code talkers--including the Choctaw, Comanche, Hopi, Meskwaki, Canadian Cree--and about code talkers in general have appeared. This article chronicles recent…

Meadows, William C.

2011-01-01

210

Annual report on the administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968, Public Law 90-602, (1988), April 1, 1989. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The Secretary of Health and Human Services is required by Subpart 3, Part F of Title III of the Public Health Service Act; 42 USC 263b et seq. (Public Law 90-602) to submit an annual report to the President for transmittal to the Congress on or before April 1 on the administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act. The detailed information required in the report is outlined in Section 360D of the Public Health Service Act. The Food and Drug Administration, through its Center for Devices and Radiological Health, is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968. The report provides a summary of the operations of the Center in carrying out that responsibility for calendar year 1988. In reviewing the operations of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health as reported in the document, it should be kept in mind that the day-to-day administration of the Act is only part of the Center's function. Other responsibilities include the administration and enforcement of the 1976 Medical Device Amendments to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (not covered in the report).

Not Available

1989-04-01

211

Everyday Law for Children. The Everyday Law Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an accessible introduction to laws that affect children and families, and the dominant public debates that surround and drive these laws. Using real-world examples, the book exposes the tension between reliance on the private, autonomous family and the public's desire to secure child wellbeing. A look at some public systems,…

Herring, David J.

2006-01-01

212

Law without Law  

E-print Network

We consider a model for spacetime in which there is an ubiquitous background Dark Energy which is the Zero Point Field. This is further modeled in terms of a Weiner process that leads to a Random or Brownian characterization. Nevertheless we are able to recover meaningful physics, very much in the spirit of Wheeler's Law without Law, that is laws emerging from an underpinning of lawlessness.

B. G. Sidharth

2007-10-21

213

From public health to international law: possible protocols for inclusion in the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.  

PubMed Central

Faced with a difficult business environment in the United States and the falling demand for cigarettes in industrialized countries, multinational tobacco companies have been competing fiercely to expand their sales in developing countries. Because of the worldwide threat posed by smoking to health and the emphasis being placed by international tobacco companies on marketing in developing countries, an international regulatory strategy, such as the WHO proposed Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, is needed. This review describes from a public health perspective the possible scope and key considerations of protocols that should be included in the convention. The key international areas that should be considered in tobacco control are: prices, smuggling; tax-free tobacco products; advertising and sponsorship; the Internet; testing methods; package design and labelling; agriculture; and information sharing. PMID:10994267

Joossens, L.

2000-01-01

214

BERKELEY LAW LL.M. CERTIFICATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Berkeley Law LL.M. students have the option of earning a Certification of Specialization in  

E-print Network

Pollution) (3 units) LAW 273.63 Public Lands and Natural Resources Law (3 units) LAW 273.71 California1 BERKELEY LAW LL.M. CERTIFICATE IN ENVIRONMENTAL LAW 2010-2011 Berkeley Law LL.M. students have the option of earning a Certification of Specialization in Environmental Law. The specialized curricular

Kammen, Daniel M.

215

School Law Update, 1986.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of contemporary legal issues, involving all levels of public and private education, are addressed in the 20 separate chapters comprising this volume. The titles and authors of the chapters are as follows: (1) Due Process of Law: Loudermill v. Cleveland Board of Education (Hooker); (2) Schools, Technology and the Law (Helm); (3)…

Jones, Thomas N., Ed.; Semler, Darel P., Ed.

216

Law.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Describing itself as "a single, comprehensive destination for legal information, e-law services and legal products on the Web," this Website offers law students, legal professionals, business firms, and the general public news and information on the law. Lawyers will find here such items as the complete text of the latest edition of the American Lawyer with its listing of the top 100 law firms in the country. Law students can take advantage of features about schools, transferring, and recruiting, as well as links to professional associations. Businesses can find news and analysis of recent issues in business law as well as updated, annotated links to business law sites. For the public, the site offers news and analysis on prominent legal issues, such as recent Supreme Court decisions and the Wisconsin suit against the EPA over formulated gasoline. In addition, an online Real Life Dictionary of the Law gives accessible definitions to over 3,000 common legal terms. The search engine for the site draws on a surprisingly extensive archive -- for instance, we received more than 350 returns for "bankruptcy" -- making this site also a manageable resource for legal research, especially for practicing lawyers, journalists, and the general public. While this is a commercial site offering to sell law books, pamphlets, multimedia materials, and various online services, there is a considerable collection of free materials for users.

217

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America. Part II: The Indian Tribes of Wisconsin (Great Lakes Agency). Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part II of a series of publications consisting of American Indian tribal governmental documents, this volume includes charters, constitutions, and by-laws of Indian tribes of Wisconsin (Great Lakes Agency). Documents are included relative to the Bad River, Lac Courte Oreilles, Lac du Flambeau, and the Red Cliff bands of Lake Superior Chippewa…

Fay, George E., Comp.

218

ECOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF PROPOSED DISCHARGE OF DREDGED MATERIAL INTO OCEAN WATERS; IMPLEMENTATION MANUAL FOR SECTION 103 OF PUBLIC LAW 92-532 (MARINE PROTECTION, RESEARCH, AND SANCTUARIES ACT OF 1972)  

EPA Science Inventory

According to Section 103 of Public Law 92-532 (Marine Protection ,Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972), any proposed dumping of dredged material into ocean waters must be evaluated through the use of criteria published by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i n the Federa...

219

Contract Terms for Right of First Refusal based on Public Law 108-199 A. The right of first refusal will apply to sales of the following processing shares  

E-print Network

Contract Terms for Right of First Refusal based on Public Law 108-199 A. The right of first refusal. A sale will be considered to be for use in the community of origin if the purchaser contracts allocation of the PQS. E. All terms of any right of first refusal and contract entered into related

220

The Estuary Restoration Act is Title I of Public Law 106-457, The Estuaries and Clean Waters Act of 2000. It has been amended by Section 5017 of the Water Resources Development Act of 2007,  

E-print Network

The Estuary Restoration Act is Title I of Public Law 106-457, The Estuaries and Clean Waters Act 110-114. Only the Estuary Restoration Act, as amended, is presented on this page. An Act To encourage the restoration of estuary habitat through more efficient project financing and enhanced coordination of Federal

US Army Corps of Engineers

221

Law Courses Coventry Law School  

E-print Network

Law Courses Coventry Law School #12;Contents 51 Coventry Law School Moot Room Welcome to Coventry Law School At Coventry Law School we are looking to provide you with a range of innovative courses that will equip you for your future career. The Law School is staffed by over twenty, well qualified, full

Low, Robert

222

Duke Law & Technology Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Law school students are well known for trying to "do good" whether it be through aiding wrongly accused persons, or by providing legal advice at any number of free clinics. This academic and policy-oriented online publication from the people at Duke University's Law School is another such endeavor, and one that is worth a closer look. The publication's general area of interest is in the intersection of law and technology, and as such it draws on the knowledge base of specialties that include business law and intellectual property. The school's Law & Technology Review consists primarily of short issues briefs that provide insight into a wide range of issues for both the legal community and professionals working in these areas more broadly. Visitors to the site can browse the different briefs through a listing of general thematic areas or merely scroll through the site's homepage.

223

76 FR 33353 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal Extension and Opportunity for Public Meeting; Colorado  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...surface and mineral estates from all forms of appropriation under the public land laws including mining and mineral laws, geothermal leasing laws and mineral materials disposal laws. The withdrawal created by Public Law 104-201 will expire on...

2011-06-08

224

Water, law, science  

SciTech Connect

In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

Narasimhan, T.N.

2007-10-17

225

LAW, VOL. 1, NO. 1, JANUARY, 1966.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS IS THE FIRST ISSUE OF A NEW PUBLICATION WHICH WILL PROVIDE PERIODIC REPORTS ON CIVIL RIGHTS LEGISLATION. IT CONTAINS A 1965 STATE-BY-STATE SUMMARY OF NEW LAWS AND LAWS WHICH HAVE BEEN STRENGTHENED TO FURTHER PROTECT CIVIL RIGHTS. MOST OF THESE LAWS PROHIBIT DISCRIMINATION IN HOUSING, HIRING PRACTICES, AND PUBLIC ACCOMMODATIONS. THE REPORT…

HARTMAN, PAUL; RABKIN, SOL

226

Special Education and the Law. Issuegram 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various state and federal laws related to education of the handicapped are outlined to aid state educators in identifying needs and formulating public school policy. Constitutional and statutory law concerning the educational rights of the handicapped are listed, including the Constitution, state constitutions, Public Law 94-142, and Section 504…

Citron, Christiane Hyde

227

LAW, ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT (BrEST -QuIMpEr) Doctoral School in Anthropology, Human, Organizational and Social Sciences  

E-print Network

LAW, ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT (BrEST - QuIMpEr) Doctoral School in Anthropology, Human, Organizational and Techniques for Regional Development in Europe private law public Law Estate Law and Property Introduction to Private law Law for the Protection of Vulnerable Persons Careers in Public Law Law of Maritime Areas

Brest, Université de

228

Lawful Policing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Police compliance with the law is one of the most important aspects of a democratic society. Americans expect the police to enforce laws to promote safety and to reduce crime, victimization, and fear, but no one believes that the police should have unlimited power to do so. We expect police to enforce laws fairly according to law and rules that

Wesley G. Skogan; Tracey L. Meares

2004-01-01

229

Law & Politics Internet guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This metasite of law and political resources is designed for legal professionals, academics, and the general public. About two dozen lists of annotated links cover topics such as Legal Portals, Legal Resources, Foreign & International Law, and Legal Research. Equipped with language translation software (which works well on some pages but seems to cause graphics problems on other pages), the site is well designed and easy to use.

230

law.wayne.edu Admissions Bulletin  

E-print Network

law.wayne.edu 2015 Admissions Bulletin Annmarie Urbani Class of 2015 #12;About this publication any provision or requirement at any time without notice. Accreditation Wayne State University Law of American Law Schools since 1946. The Law School's chapter of the Order of the Coif, the national honor

Berdichevsky, Victor

231

42 CFR 62.76 - How will amounts of money due under the option under section 204(c)(1) of Public Law 100-177 be...  

...76 Section 62.76 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE CORPS SCHOLARSHIP AND LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAMS Special Repayment Program §...

2014-10-01

232

42 CFR 62.76 - How will amounts of money due under the option under section 204(c)(1) of Public Law 100-177 be...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...76 Section 62.76 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE CORPS SCHOLARSHIP AND LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAMS Special Repayment Program §...

2012-10-01

233

42 CFR 62.76 - How will amounts of money due under the option under section 204(c)(1) of Public Law 100-177 be...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...76 Section 62.76 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE CORPS SCHOLARSHIP AND LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAMS Special Repayment Program §...

2013-10-01

234

State and Local Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

Justice, U. S.

235

42 CFR 422.402 - Federal preemption of State law.  

...2014-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...

2014-10-01

236

42 CFR 422.402 - Federal preemption of State law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...

2011-10-01

237

42 CFR 422.402 - Federal preemption of State law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...

2012-10-01

238

42 CFR 422.402 - Federal preemption of State law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...

2013-10-01

239

42 CFR 422.402 - Federal preemption of State law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...

2010-10-01

240

LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, & CULTURECULTURECULTURE  

E-print Network

theoretical and analytical perspectives on ethical, political, and social issues relevant to law by exploring from a historical perspective; explores the interaction of law, culture, and politics from of departments within USC Dornsife, including Classics, History, Philosophy, and Political Science. Center

Rohs, Remo

241

Limit laws for Zipf's law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this communication we establish stochastic limit laws leading from Zipf's law to Pareto's and Heaps' laws. We consider finite ensembles governed by Zipf's law and study their asymptotic statistics as the ensemble size tends to infinity. A Lorenz-curve analysis establishes three types of limit laws for the ensembles' statistical structure: 'communist', 'monarchic', and Paretian. Further considering a dynamic setting in which the ensembles grow stochastically in time, a functional central limit theorem analysis establishes a Gaussian approximation for the ensembles' stochastic growth. The Gaussian approximation provides a generalized and corrected formulation of Heaps' law.

Eliazar, Iddo

2011-01-01

242

U.S. Government and Partners: Working Together on a Comprehensive, Coordinated and Effective Response to Highly Vulnerable Children. Third Annual Report to Congress on Public Law 109-95, the Assistance for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Developing Countries Act of 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public Law 109-95, the Assistance for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Developing Countries Act of 2005 (hereinafter, referred to as PL 109-95), was signed into law four years ago to respond to the global orphans and vulnerable children crisis. It calls for the U.S. Government (USG) response to the crisis to be comprehensive, coordinated…

US Agency for International Development, 2009

2009-01-01

243

Radiation Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site lists physical laws that describe radiation. Topics covered include the Plank Radiation Law, and the Wien and Stefan-Boltzmann Laws. The site also features a table summarizing the blackbody temperatures necessary to give a peak for emitted radiation in various regions of the spectrum, and three Java applets illustrating important properties of blackbody radiation.

Astronomy, Department O.; Knoxville, University O.

244

Library Laws Handbook: State Laws Relating to Michigan Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents excerpts and copies of state laws relating to Michigan libraries. The following are included: the Preamble of the Constitution of Michigan of 1963; Legislative Council Act (excerpt); Incompatible Public Offices; Freedom of Information Act; Open Meetings Act; Laws, Documents, and Reports (excerpts); Administrative Procedures…

Michigan Library, Lansing.

245

School Law Update, 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of contemporary legal issues, involving all levels of public and private education, are addressed in the 20 papers in this volume. Written in law review style and including legal citations, the papers and authors included are: (1) "Who Runs the Schools" (Flygare); (2) "Copyright Issues in Computer-Assisted Instruction" (Helm); (3)…

Jones, Thomas N., Ed.; Semler, Darel P., Ed.

246

Environmental Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has compiled a list of the seventeen major environmental laws which govern their agency and the programs they administer. Users can link to summaries or the full-text version of each law, provided, for the most part, by Cornell University. Those new to the subject may want to visit the Introduction to Laws and Regulations section, which explains how environmental laws come into being. Additional sections of the site--Regulations and Proposed Rules, Codified Regulations, and Current Legislation and Laws--link to further information such as Federal Register documents issued by EPA and the Code of Federal Regulations database.

United States. Environmental Protection Agency.

247

SCHOOL OF LAW 120 School of Law  

E-print Network

SCHOOL OF LAW #12;120 School of Law SCHOOL OF LAW School of Law, Admission Office 530-752-6477; admissions@law.ucdavis.edu, http://www.law.ucdavis.edu The University of California Davis School of Law supportive atmosphere, law students are pro- vided a comprehensive modern law school curriculum taught

California at Davis, University of

248

Darwin's laws.  

PubMed

There is widespread agreement among contemporary philosophers of biology and philosophically-minded biologists that Darwin's insights about the intrusion of chance processes into biological regularities undermines the possibility of there being biological laws. Darwin made references to "designed laws." He also freely described some laws as having exceptions. This paper provides a philosophical analysis of the notion of scientific laws that was dominant in Darwin's time, and in all probability the one which he inherited. The analysis of laws is then used to show how it could have been natural for Darwin to believe in designed laws that had exceptions, and to highlight the continuity between the metaphysics of pre-Darwinian, Darwinian, and contemporary biological science. One important result is the removal of one motivation for the anti-laws sentiment in philosophy and biology. PMID:22326096

Haufe, Chris

2012-03-01

249

Philadelphia University Faculty of law  

E-print Network

and the principles of private law, and their division into mandatory, complementary or explanatory principles of the legal principle, the different legal principles insofar as the principles of public law, and thereafter an expounding of the sources of the legal principle in general, and the sources of the legal

250

What Works in Securities Laws?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the effect of securities laws on stock market development in 49 countries. We find little evidence that public enforcement benefits stock markets, but strong evidence that laws mandating disclosure and facilitating private enforcement through liability rules benefit stock markets. Copyright 2006 by The American Finance Association.

RAFAEL LA PORTA; FLORENCIO LOPEZ-DE-SILANES; ANDREI SHLEIFER

2006-01-01

251

Transgender Law and Policy Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Transgender Law and Policy Institute aims to advance transgender equality through advocating for non-discrimination laws and policy change. The number of transgender people in the United States population ranges from two to five percent and a smaller number are transsexual. Visitors will find that one of the many features on this very thorough site is under the "Non-discrimination Laws" link, which consists of lists, maps, and charts of which states and municipalities have non-discrimination laws that include gender identity and expression. Some of these laws include prohibiting discrimination in public employment and policies regarding restrooms and other gender-based facilities. Visitors interested in reading about such transgender related litigation in criminal, immigration, medical, tax, discrimination, or tort law will appreciate the "Litigation: Case Law" link.

252

Law, Probability and Risk (2005) 4, 237-250 doi:10.1093/lpr/mgl007 Advance Access publication on May 11, 2006  

E-print Network

a range of risks, that achieve compliance in most countries. Though there is no overall world government on May 11, 2006 Risk-driven global compliance regimes in banking and accounting: the new Law Merchant international compliance regimes have developed recently in certain professions that deal with risk: banking

Franklin, James

253

Protection for Pre-1972 Sound Recordings under State Law and Its Impact on Use by Nonprofit Institutions: A 10-State Analysis. CLIR Publication No. 146  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third of three studies of copyright and sound recordings commissioned by the National Recording Preservation Board (NRPB) in support of the congressionally mandated study of the state of audio preservation in the United States. All three studies have focused on how laws pertaining to sound recordings made before 1972 affect…

Council on Library and Information Resources, 2009

2009-01-01

254

78 FR 9038 - Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Acceptance of Group Application Under Public Law 95-202...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Acceptance of Group Application Under Public...1000.20: U.S. and Foreign Employees of Air America, Inc. Under the provisions of...

2013-02-07

255

What Would Mary Douglas Do? A Commentary on Kahan et al., “Cultural Cognition and Public Policy: The Case of Outpatient Commitment Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Involuntary outpatient commitment is a highly controversial issue in mental health law. Strong supporters of outpatient commitment\\u000a see it as a form of access to community-based mental health care and a less restrictive alternative to hospitalization for\\u000a people with severe mental illness; vocal opponents see it as an instrument of social control and an unwarranted deprivation\\u000a of individual liberty. Kahan

Jeffrey Swanson

2010-01-01

256

Space Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter examines the salient characteristics of Space Law. It analyzes the origins and evolution of Space Law, its main international principles, and some current topics of interest to the scientific community: the delimitation of airspace and outer space, intellectual property, and criminal responsibility.

Hermida, Julian

2006-01-01

257

INSTITUTE AND CENTRE OF AIR & SPACE LAW  

E-print Network

INSTITUTE AND CENTRE OF AIR & SPACE LAW ANNUAL REPORT 2008-2009 Prepared by Professor Dr. Paul 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY McGill University's Institute of Air & Space Law is a global leader in education, public service, research, and scholarship in the dynamic fields of aviation and space law. Our

Barthelat, Francois

258

Employment Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ross Runkel is a retired professor of law, and given his long experience with employment and labor law, it seems quite natural that he would be the founder of the site, Employment Law. Along with a team of other equally qualified professionals, he has created this site to serve as a clearinghouse of material about the world of employment law and its many facets. First time visitors may wish to check out his employment law or arbitration blogs, then move on to one of the most popular features, a list of recent and pending cases in the field that have been heard before the US Supreme Court. Additionally, the âÂÂArticlesâ area contains pieces authored by Runkel and others, including a piece on how to find an employment lawyer and several timely pieces on the National Labor Relations Board.

Runkel, Ross, 1939-

259

Jurist: Law Professors on the Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bernard Hibbitts, Professor and Associate Dean for Communications & Information Technology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, provides this site, "designed to connect Neterate legal academics to each other, to law students, to the legal profession and to the public at large as individual law professors become independent information-providers on the [web]." The site is highlighted by links to the home pages of over fifty law professors, to over fifty pre- and post-prints of articles (in nine subjects from business law to regulation), and to twenty meta-pages, maintained by law professors, on topics from administrative to tax law. Also included are a large list of online law course pages, three lectures, and pointers to other resources. What is interesting about this site is that it is essentially an annotated tour through the law resources of the Internet conducted by professors of law.

1997-01-01

260

Postgraduate Study in Law School of Law  

E-print Network

Postgraduate Study in Law School of Law #12;PostgraduateProgrammes in Law The School of Law law study at UC Postgraduate study in law gives you the opportunity to: · Gain a highly-regarded postgraduate law qualification · Develop in-depth expertise in particular fields of legal specialisation

Hickman, Mark

261

A Historical Analysis of Public Health, the Law, and Stigmatized Social Groups: The Need for Both Obesity and Weight Bias Legislation  

Microsoft Academic Search

History teaches that discrimination against socially undesirable groups leads to societal and governmental neglect of the stigmatized group's health problem. By placing weight discrimination in a historical context, this article demonstrates that legislation specifically aimed at rectifying obesity is less likely while weight bias is socially acceptable. Beyond obesity legislation, public health professionals may consider advocating for legislation directly targeting

Jennifer L. Pomeranz

2008-01-01

262

25 CFR 26.22 - May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public Law 102-477 Plan?  

...2014-04-01 false May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES JOB PLACEMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM General...Applicability § 26.22 May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its...

2014-04-01

263

25 CFR 26.22 - May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public Law 102-477 Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES JOB PLACEMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM General...Applicability § 26.22 May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its...

2011-04-01

264

25 CFR 26.22 - May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public Law 102-477 Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-04-01 true May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES JOB PLACEMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM General...Applicability § 26.22 May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its...

2012-04-01

265

25 CFR 26.22 - May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public Law 102-477 Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES JOB PLACEMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM General...Applicability § 26.22 May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its...

2013-04-01

266

25 CFR 26.22 - May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public Law 102-477 Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES JOB PLACEMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM General...Applicability § 26.22 May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its...

2010-04-01

267

“The law was actually drafted by us but the Government is to be congratulated on its wise actions”: British American Tobacco and public policy in Kenya  

PubMed Central

Background and objective British American Tobacco (BAT) has historically enjoyed a monopoly position in Kenya. Analysis of recent tobacco control debates and a case study of BAT's response to the emergence of competition in Kenya are used to explore the company's ability to shape public policy and its treatment of tobacco farmers. Design Analysis of internal industry documents from BAT's Guildford depository, other relevant data and interviews with key informants. Results BAT enjoys extensive high?level political connections in Kenya, including close relationships with successive Kenyan presidents. Such links seems to have been used to influence public policy. Health legislation has been diluted and delayed, and when a competitor emerged in the market, BAT used its contacts to have the government pass legislation drafted by BAT that compelled farmers to sell tobacco to BAT rather than to its competitor. BAT was already paying farmers less than any other African leaf?growing company, and the legislation entrenched poor pay and a quasi?feudal relationship. BAT's public relation's response to the threat of competition and the ministers' public statements extolling the economic importance of tobacco growing suggest that BAT has manipulated tobacco farming as a political issue. Conclusions The extent of BAT's influence over public policy is consistent with the observations that, despite ratifying the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, progress in implementing tobacco control measures in Kenya has been limited. The benefits of tobacco farming seem to be deliberately exaggerated, and an analysis of its true cost benefits is urgently needed. Tobacco farmers must be protected against BAT's predatory practices and fully informed about its activities to help them have an informed role in policy debates. As image, particularly around the importance of tobacco farming, seems key to BAT's ability to influence policy, the truth about its treatment of farmers must be publicised. PMID:17297056

Patel, Preeti; Collin, Jeff; Gilmore, Anna B

2007-01-01

268

Law Library of Congress  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Law Library of Congress is to provide research and legal information to the U.S. Congress as well as to U.S. Federal Courts and Executive Agencies, and to offer reference services to the public. Truth be told, this is a pretty tall order, and they fulfill this objective quite admirably, and in no small part due to this fairly comprehensive and well-designed site.

269

Guass's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A Keynote Presentation exported as a clickable Quicktime movie. Gauss's Law is demonstrated in this presentation. Utilizing an insulated sphere enclosed in a spherical conducting shell. All equations are fully developed.

Mr. Tony DiMauro

2009-01-12

270

Florida Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fine collection from the University of Florida's George A. Smathers Libraries documents the laws and legal heritage of Florida. It has digitized texts from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center and the P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History as well as other sources. This omnibus collection features the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, a variety of general texts on Florida laws, and the Florida Water Law collection. This last collection is particularly fascinating as it brings together over 7,000 documents related to long-term water management plans across the Sunshine State. Moving on, the Florida Historical Legal Documents section of the site contains primary source materials that survey changes in Florida law from 1822 through 1845, when the area became a state. Finally, the House Journal section brings together the official record of actions taken by the House and its committees.

2011-01-01

271

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This set of four educational wall-sheets includes Newton's Three Laws and the Law of Gravitation. They include activities that are designed to be displayed as a set on classroom walls. The pre-activity reading featuring the Swift satellite and most activities can be used in middle-school classrooms. Optional extension activities are suitable for advanced middle-school students and students in ninth grade.

Cominsky, Lynn

2010-01-01

272

77 FR 12353 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Notice of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Notice...Public Meeting on (1) Jurisdiction and the Recognition...Choice of Law in International Commercial Contracts...Conference on Private International Law. The public meeting...Advisory Committee. Jurisdiction and the...

2012-02-29

273

the Law Fund Law Collections Appeal  

E-print Network

Supporting the Law Fund Law Collections Appeal #12;Our Vision The School of Law at the University to come. In launching the Law Collections Appeal, we hope to develop the University of Glasgow law library is committing ÂŁ5000 to the Law Collections Appeal. Furthermore, individual members of academic staff have

Guo, Zaoyang

274

National Energy Policy Plan; A Report to the Congress Required by Title VIII of the Department of Energy Organization Act (Public Law 95-91)  

SciTech Connect

Since the third National Energy Plan in 1981 total energy efficiency has increased, domestic energy resources are being developed more effectively, oil prices have declined, US dependence on foreign energy sources has diminished, and the nation's vulnerability to energy supply disruptions has been reduced markedly. The policy goal is an adequate supply of energy at reasonable costs. Strategies include minimizing federal control and involvement in energy markets while maintaining public health and safety and environmental quality and promoting a balanced and mixed energy resource system. Federal programs and actions in energy are reviewed.

Not Available

1983-10-01

275

Charles's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive presentation, created by Terry Bartelt and hosted by the Electromechanical Digital Library, discusses the history and theory of Charles's Law, which states, "the volume of a given quantity of gas varies directly with its temperature." A series of interactive flash animations show the application of this theory and demonstrate how different heating elements, such as candles and even the Sun, affect the molecules in common things such as balloons and thermometers. Mathematical equations are provided to demonstrate the calculations. Once the presentation is complete, a short quiz is provided to test the full understanding of the Charles's Law.

Bartelt, Terry L.

2009-04-17

276

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Physics Classroom presents this tutorial on Newton's three laws of motion. The impulse-momentum change theorem and the law of conservation of momentum are introduced, explained and applied to the analysis of collisions of objects. Both exercises provide an activity and then an assessment exercise in order for students to check their understanding of the concept(s). Some of the key topics included here are: mass, motion, force (applied, gravity, normal, friction, air resistance, tensional, and spring), inertia, and terminal velocity. The tutorial is geared toward high school students, but it is also great review material for college physics students or anyone needing a refresher course in vectors.

2007-11-02

277

Federal Courts Law Review (FCLR)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Federal Courts Law Review is an electronic publication provided by the Federal Magistrate Judges Association and edited by Carol Heckman, United States Magistrate Judge for the Western District of New York. It aims at being a "forum for the publication of legal scholarship relating to federal courts and federal legislation," and claims to be one of the few law reviews sponsored by a judicial association. The first issue contains articles entitled "Discovery in Computer Software Patent Litigation," "Instructing the Jury in an Employment Discrimination Case," and "Civil Case Voir Dire and Jury Selection in Federal Court." Two of the authors are magistrate judges. Articles are also available via email.

1998-01-01

278

Biodiversity Law of Costa Rica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This newly online document details the legal technicalities of Costa Rica's Biodiversity Law, made public in July 1999. The document (.pdf format) contains the following sections, among others: Natural System of Conservation Areas; Guarantees of Environmental Safety; Conservation and Sustainable Use of Ecosystems and Species; Access to Genetic Components and Biochemicals and Protection of Associated Knowledge; Education and Public Awareness; Environmental Impact Assessments; Incentives; and Procedures, Processes, and Agreements. For those interested in conservation law or the intricacies of biological diversity protection in developing countries, this document will be of great interest.

279

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes three current issues in school law, including school district suits over potentially carcinogenic asbestos insulation, a California judge's finding that captionless educational television discriminates against hearing-impaired students, and the federal government's attempt to keep the Fairfax (Virginia) school system from charging…

Splitt, David A.

1982-01-01

280

Annual report on the administration of the Radiation Control for health and Safety Act of 1968, Public Law 90-602, April 1, 1991. Rept. for Jan-Dec 90  

SciTech Connect

The Secretary of Health and Human Services is required by Subpart 3, Part F of Title III of the Public Health Service Act; 42 USC 263b et seq. (Public Law 90-602) to submit an annual report to the President for transmittal to the Congress on or before April 1 on the administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act. The detailed information required in the report is outlined in Section 360D of the Public Health Service Act. The Food and Drug Administration, through its Center for Devices and Radiological Health, is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968. The report provides a summary of the operations of the Center in carrying out that responsibility for calendar year 1990. In reviewing the operations of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health as reported in the document, it should be kept in mind that the day-to-day administration of the Act is only part of the Center's function. Other responsibilities include the administration and enforcement of the 1976 Medical Device Amendments to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (not covered in the report). Manufacturers of electronic products are required by 21 CFR 1002.20 to report accidental radiation occurrences to the Center for Devices and Radiological Health. The Center no longer maintains a Radiation Incidents Registry, since accidental radiation occurrences are reported through the Device Experience Network (DEN) and through the requirements of the Medical Device Reporting (MDR) Regulations.

Not Available

1991-04-01

281

43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7 Section 34.7 Public Lands...CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal...

2013-10-01

282

43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7 Section 34.7 Public Lands...CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal...

2011-10-01

283

43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.  

... false Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7 Section 34.7 Public Lands...CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal...

2014-10-01

284

43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... true Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7 Section 34.7 Public Lands...CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal...

2012-10-01

285

Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

Justice, U. S.

286

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS § 422.3...

2013-10-01

287

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS § 422.3...

2014-10-01

288

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS § 422.3...

2012-10-01

289

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS § 422.3...

2010-10-01

290

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS § 422.3...

2011-10-01

291

Public Law 100-202, Joint Resolution making further continuing appropriations for the fiscal year 1988, and for other purposes, 22 December 1987.  

PubMed

This US Act provides the following with respect to universal access to child immunization: "The Congress calls upon the President to direct the Agency for International Development, working through the Centers for Disease Control and other appropriate Federal agencies, to work in a global effort to provide enhanced support towards achieving the goal of universal access to childhood immunization by 1990 by 1) assisting in the delivery, distribution, and use of vaccines, including a) the building of locally sustainable systems and technical capacities in developing countries to reach, by the appropriate age, not less than 80% of their annually projected target population with the full schedule of required immunizations and b) the development of a sufficient network of indigenous professionals and institutions with responsibility for developing, monitoring, and assessing immunization program and continually adapting strategies to reach the goal of preventing immunizable diseases and 2) performing, supporting, and encouraging research and development activities, in both the public and the private sector, that will be targeted at developing new vaccines and at modifying and improving existing vaccines to make them more appropriate for use in developing countries. In support of this global effort, the President should appeal to the people of the US and the US private sector to support public and private efforts to provide the resources necessary to achieve universal access to childhood immunization by 1990." The Act also does the following with respect to various forms of bilateral assistance: 1) prohibits the use of funds for an organization or program that supports coercive abortion or involuntary sterilization; 2) prohibits the use of funds for the performance of abortion as a method of family planning (FP); 3) provides that in awarding grants for natural FP under section 104 of the Foreign Assistance Act no applicant shall be discriminated against because of such applicant's religious or conscientious commitment to offer only natural FP. In addition, the Act stipulates that with respect to appropriations for the Department of Health and Human Services no funds will be used to perform abortions except where the life of the mother would be endangered if the fetus were carried to term. PMID:12289429

1988-01-01

292

IPWatchdog.com: Internet Law Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Gene Quinn, a professor of law and patent attorney, operates this site about Internet law. There are several categories to browse, such as cybercrimes, encryption, MP3s, constitutional law, and many more. Some examine individual court cases, federal acts and rulings, and related news. Others simply provide an overview of the topic, with basic definitions and links to offsite resources. Many government documents and Web sites are listed that address these issues. The site also has sections for intellectual property law and antitrust law. Publications, journal papers, and news articles are offered for all of these topics.

293

Biotech Law Web Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Biotech Law home page offers legal and scientific information of interest to researchers in biotechnology/pharmaceutical science. At this time, the site provides basic articles on methods of record keeping for inventors, an explanation of the U.S. legal standard for inventorship and an overview of patent application preparation. The Biotech law home page also includes more advanced articles on intellectual property licensing, parallel importing of patented products, and the effects of electronic publication on U.S. Patent rights. In addition to a "heads up" guide to recently-issued U.S. biotech patents, the home page provides links to additional sources of information on intellectual property protection, as well as links to selected scientific resources on Internet.

Foley & Lardner.

1996-01-01

294

Gauss' Law (Review) Gauss' law form of  

E-print Network

Gauss' Law (Review) Gauss' law ­ form of Coulomb's law qenc is the total charge enclosed is to A so = 0 Outer endcap = EA #12;Conductors Using Gauss' law and = EA If is charge per unit area If + charge on conductor, E directed away 0 =E #12;Gauss' Law Infinitely long insulating rod with linear

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

295

The laws of emotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that emotions are lawful phe- nomena and thus can be described in terms of a set of laws of emotion. These laws result from the operation of emotion mechanisms that are accessible to intentional control to only a limited extent. The law of situational meaning, the law of concern, the law of reality, the laws of change,

Nico H. Frijda

1988-01-01

296

Canterbury Law Scholarships.  

E-print Network

Canterbury Law Scholarships. 2014 School of Law LAW #12;The University of Canterbury School of Law offers scholarships for first year law students. The scholarships are available to students at secondary participation and achievements. Canterbury Law Scholars Five Canterbury Law Scholars will each receive awards

Hickman, Mark

297

UCL FACULTY OF LAWS IUS COMMUNE / GLOBAL LAW LECTURE SERIES  

E-print Network

of public law and constitutional theory now writing in the United States. His work combines deep and broad-12 Convened by Dr. Ioannis Lianos (UCL) 13 January 2012, 2.30 ­ 6pm The System of the Constitution Professor in constitutional democracies. Professor Vermeule is a notable advocate of judicial restraint. In The System

Saunders, Mark

298

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2010-10-01

299

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2013-10-01

300

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2014-10-01

301

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2011-10-01

302

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2012-10-01

303

75 FR 69458 - Notice of Draft NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection and Application Guide  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1526] Notice of Draft NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection and Application...ACTION: Notice of Draft NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection and Application...general public the draft ``NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection and...

2010-11-12

304

Ampere's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lesson begins with a demonstration introducing students to the force between two current carrying loops, comparing the attraction and repulsion between the loops to that between two magnets. After formal lecture on Ampere's law, students begin to use the concepts to calculate the magnetic field around a loop. This is applied to determine the magnetic field of a toroid, imagining a toroid as a looped solenoid.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

305

Appendix L Patent Laws CONSOLIDATED PATENT LAWS  

E-print Network

Appendix L Patent Laws __________________________________________________________________ CONSOLIDATED PATENT LAWS United States Code Title 35 - Patents Editor's Note (January 2007): The Patent Laws repro duced below supersede those reproduced in the last revision of the Manual of Patent Examining

Luryi, Serge

306

School Law in Changing Times.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This twenty-one chapter book deals with important, timely topics in school law. Topics include home instruction in place of public school attendance; judicial review of labor arbitration awards; procedures for nonrenewal of nontenured teachers that avoid constitutional problems; discipline by grade reduction and grade denial based on attendance;…

McGhehey, M. A., Ed.

307

Nuclear energy law after Chernobyl  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work examines the legal issues surrounding the possibility of accidents at nuclear installations in Europe. Contents include: Regulations and control by international organizations in the context of a nuclear accident; The role of Euratom; Border installations: the interaction of administrative, European community and public international law; and Border installations: the experience of Wackersdorf. Concepts of nuclear liability and the

P. Cameron; L. Harcher

1988-01-01

308

Privacy Law and Print Photojournalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews of publications about privacy law, of recent court actions, and of interviews with newspaper photographers and attorneys indicate that torts of privacy often conflict with the freedoms to publish and to gather news. Although some guidelines have already been established (about running distorted pictures, "stealing" pictures, taking…

Dykhouse, Caroline Dow

309

School Law in Review, 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a compilation of presentations delivered at the National School Boards Association Council of School Attorneys' Annual School Law Seminar: "From Vouchers to One Nation Under God: A Review of Recent Decisions Affecting the Separation of Church and State in the Context of Public Education" (Jay Worona); "ACLJ Memorandum: Religion in the…

Soronen, Lisa, Ed.

310

Copyright Law and Educational Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of sections of copyright laws most relevant to media librarians covers requirements of authors, sole rights of copyright owners, fair use and other exceptions to sole rights, the Board of Cooperative Educational Services (BOCES) case, the Sony case, exempt public performances, and computer software. Twenty-nine references are provided.…

Bender, Ivan R.

1985-01-01

311

School Law in Review, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a compilation of the presentations delivered at the National School Boards Association (NSBA) Council of School Attorneys Annual School Law Seminar on March 22-24, 2001, in San Diego, California. Presentations include: (1) "Religion and the Public Schools--What Hath the Supreme Court Wrought?" (Jay Worona and Patricia H. Gould); (2)…

National School Boards Association, Alexandria, VA. Council of School Attorneys.

312

GENEVA HARVARD RENMIN SYDNEY LAW FACULTY CONFERENCE  

E-print Network

GENEVA ­ HARVARD ­ RENMIN ­ SYDNEY LAW FACULTY CONFERENCE 14-16 January 2013Wednesday, January 16th and Thirteenth-Century England: Blurring the Public-Private Distinction 10:30 Renmin: HAN Dayuan The Protection

Halazonetis, Thanos

313

CASE WESTERN RESERVE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF LAW  

E-print Network

of the renowned Law-Medicine Center. Berg also holds faculty appointments in bioethics and public health the intricacies and obstacles involved in bringing a product to market. It's even better to do it. Our FUSION

Cavusoglu, Cenk

314

Natural Law Reasoning and American Constitutional Discourse  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay will suggest a link between the relative decline of natural law as a characteristic feature of American public debate, and concern over the possible decline of constitutional discourse. The first part of the essay will describe a particular understanding of constitutional discourse, sharing vital elements with natural law reasoning. Essential to this understanding is the notion that constitutional

Stephen A. Simon

2003-01-01

315

In Digital Age, Sunshine Laws Turn Hazy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School board members are struggling to interpret laws that govern where and how they do business now that as many conversations take place digitally as they do face to face. As online and digital interactions increase, so too does public concern that officials have more opportunities to violate state open-meetings and open-records laws meant to…

Fleming, Nora

2013-01-01

316

The Yearbook of Education Law, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Law Association's yearbook of education law provides lawyers, administrators, and professors with a comprehensive review and analysis of the previous year's state and federal court decisions and legislation affecting the operation, management, and governance of public elementary and secondary schools, higher education, and…

Russo, Charles J., Ed.

317

The Law and the Handicapped Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapter 3 in a book on school law discusses a few of the many issues in the area of education for the handicapped which are being litigated in courts and agencies throughout the United States. Specifically, the chapter covers litigation regarding the application of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act, referred to as Public Law 94-142,…

Kreunen, Warren L.

318

Journal of the Proceedings, School Law Forum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the speeches given at the 1972 New Jersey School Law Forum. The Forum is held to encourage the research of timely legal issues involving the structure and operation of the New Jersey public schools, to assist the school law practitioner by affording him the opportunity to hear and discuss research and opinion on selected…

New Jersey School Boards Association, Trenton.

319

Safe Haven Laws as "Crime Control Theater"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: This article examines safe haven laws, which allow parents to legally abandon their infants. The main objective is to determine whether safe haven laws fit the criteria of "crime control theater", a term used to describe public policies that produce the appearance, but not the effect, of crime control, and as such are essentially…

Hammond, Michelle; Miller, Monica K.; Griffin, Timothy

2010-01-01

320

School Law. Cases and Concepts. Fifth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public school educators are aware that courts, over the last several decades, have played a significant role in establishing educational policy. This text attempts to address important issues in school law with an emphasis on those having an impact at the school-building level. Chapter 1 offers an overview of the sources of law and the court…

La Morte, Michael W.

321

Property law in Jersey   

E-print Network

Jersey law, and within it Jersey property law, has received little academic attention. This thesis seeks to examine, and provide a systematic account of, the Jersey law of property. Specific aspects of substantive law ...

MacLeod, Rebecca Frances

2012-06-26

322

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

323

The Law, History, and Culture major is designed for students drawn to the interdisciplinary study of legal and cultural issues, as well as those who intend to  

E-print Network

: The Constitutional History of the United States POSC 130: Law, Politics, and Public Policy SWMS 349: Women* LAW 300: Concepts in American Law LAW 301: The Constitution in Transnational Perspective Additional and Ethical Principles PHIL 431: Law, Society, and Politics POSC 340: Constitutional Law POSC 443: Law

Rohs, Remo

324

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2012-10-01

325

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2014-10-01

326

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2013-10-01

327

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2010-10-01

328

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2011-10-01

329

Measuring law for evaluation research.  

PubMed

Evaluations that combine social science and law have tremendous potential to illuminate the effects of governmental policies and yield insights into how effectively policy makers' efforts achieve their aims. This potential is infrequently achieved, however, because such interdisciplinary research contains often overlooked substantive and methodological challenges. This article offers detailed guidance for conducting successful multidisciplinary evaluations that use legal data. It addresses major issues that commonly arise and offers practical solutions based both on the authors' extensive experience and recommended best practices developed in concert with the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Public Health Law Research Program. PMID:20479214

Tremper, Charles; Thomas, Sue; Wagenaar, Alexander C

2010-06-01

330

Sexual Orientation, Public Schools, and the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are experiencing an increased level of litigation about issues pertaining to sexual orientation. This monograph provides educators and attorneys with a comprehensive analysis of this litigation along with practical tips for avoiding lawsuits in this sensitive area. The monograph consists of six chapters and addresses the following topics:…

Fossey, Richard; DeMitchell, Todd A.; Eckes, Suzanne

2007-01-01

331

LIBCSP - Public Law 103-43  

Cancer.gov

The House amendment but not the Senate bill contained a provision requiring a study to assess environmental and other potential factors contributing to the incidence of breast cancer in the counties of Nassau and Suffolk, in the state of New York, as well as in the two counties of the Northeast having the highest breast cancer mortality rates as identified by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, End Results program of the National Cancer Institute (NCI).

332

Charter Laws: Disaster, Detour, Irrelevant, or Reform Tool?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Charter laws have been the reform debate's path of least resistance. But the combination of regulatory barriers, open admissions, lack of consumer sovereignty, preferential funding of traditional public schools, and political control of prices means that charter laws may be irrelevant as reform catalysts, or worse. Even the strongest charter laws

Merrifield, John

2006-01-01

333

Improving Laws and Legal Authorities for Obesity Prevention and Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the second paper in a two part series on the laws and legal authorities for obesity prevention and control. In this paper, the authors present the applicable laws and legal authorities that public health professionals and lawyers can consider implementing to close the legal gaps identified in the first paper (“Assessing Laws and Legal Authorities for Obesity Prevention

Lawrence O. Gostin; Jennifer L. Pomeranz

2009-01-01

334

A Quantitative Analysis of Arkansas Principals' Knowledge of School Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to quantify the legal knowledge of Arkansas public school principals in seven areas: Arkansas law, constitutional issues, discipline, employee relations, federal law, special education/504, and tort liability and determine if significant relationships existed between legal knowledge recency of school law training,…

Smith, Christy Lack

2010-01-01

335

Publicity and public relations  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper addresses approaches to using publicity and public relations to meet the goals of the NASA Space Grant College. Methods universities and colleges can use to publicize space activities are presented.

Fosha, Charles E.

1990-01-01

336

AALS Law Books Recommended  

Microsoft Academic Search

The years following World War I1 witnessed the creation of many new law schools. Standards were needed for all aspects of both law school and law library administration. The AALS, under the presidency of Professor Walter Gellhorn, sponsored the creation of a major list of titles recommended for acquisitions by academic law libraries. The list, Law Boob Recommended for Libraries,

Mark P. Bernstein

1989-01-01

337

Utah Marriage Divorce Laws  

E-print Network

Utah Marriage & Divorce Laws By Steve Averett J. Reuben Clark Law School Brigham Young University Howard W. Hunter Law Library #12;UTAH MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE LAWS By Steve Averett #12;i UTAH MARRIAGE contains a brief explanation of Utah marriage and divorce laws, as well as sample Utah divorce forms. Some

Seamons, Kent E.

338

Chinese Business Law Postgraduate  

E-print Network

development in China · Principles of Chinese law · Legal institutional framework · Dispute settlement Chinese) · Consumer protection · Due diligence · Product quality legislation · Foreign trade regulations · Entry modes law 4 2 · Customs law & Regulations · Foreign trade law Chinese environmental law 3 2 · Environmental

Einmahl, Uwe

339

Library Laws Handbook: State Laws Relating to Michigan Libraries. [Revised Edition].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents excerpts and copies of state laws relating to Michigan libraries. The following are included: Preamble of the Constitution of Michigan of 1963; Legislative Council Act (excerpt); Incompatible Public Offices; Freedom of Information Act; Open Meetings Act; Laws, Documents, and Reports (excerpts); Administrative Procedures Act…

Michigan Library, Lansing.

340

The Yale Law Journal: Pocket Part  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most law students have heard of The Yale Law Journal, but they may not know about The Yale Law Journal Pocket Part. The Pocket Part supplements the scholarship and work of The Yale Law Journal by providing original essays and responses to articles printed in the Journal. Users of this site can read the complete contents of The Pocket Part here, and they can also search the archive by topic, including legislation, civil rights, and tort law. Of course, users are most welcome to submit pieces for publication consideration, and they can also contact the editors with more general queries and comments. Finally, there are also a number of relevant links offered here, including one to The Yale Law Journal.

341

Berkeley Center for Law & Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established at Berkeley's Boalt Hall in 1995, the mission of the Berkeley Center for Law & Technology is "to foster beneficial and ethical advancement of technology by promoting the understanding and guiding the development of intellectual property and related fields of law and policy as they intersect with business, science and technology." First-time visitors to their homepage can make their way through some of their new publications and papers, which can include everything from work on stem cell research ethics to international copyright law. By clicking on the "Research" section, visitors can learn more about faculty research and the scholarship of those persons working closely in affiliation with the Center through research appointments.

2008-01-01

342

What law courses are there? Law and Business  

E-print Network

Essentials What law courses are there? Law Law and Business Law (with a study abroad year) Law with American Studies Law with Business Law with International Relations Law with Politics Graduate Entry LLB other qualifications information, refer to pages 124-127) Typical A level offer range: AAA-AAB For Law

Sussex, University of

343

Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site discusses three of Kepler's laws of planetary motion: the law of ellipses, the equal areas law and the harmonic law. Each law is discussed in detail and includes an interactive animation that is helpful in understanding the law.

2010-04-29

344

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW NETWORK  

E-print Network

ENVIRONMENTAL LAW NETWORK INTERNATIONAL R�SEAU INTERNATIONAL DE DROIT DE L´ENVIRONNEMENT INTERNATIONALES NETZWERK UMWELTRECHT EU Enforcement Policy of Community Environmental law as presented in the Commission Communication on implementing European Community Environmental law Marta Ballesteros The direct

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

345

The Law School Studies in Law & Criminology  

E-print Network

-depth understanding of crime, justice and punishment in society, fostering a critical approach and drawing such as cyber law, hate crime, medical law, crime and deviance, criminal justice, commercial law, international have thoroughly enjoyed looking into the history of crime and criminality in addition to considering

Diggle, Peter J.

346

42 CFR 457.480 - Preexisting condition exclusions and relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

42 Public Health 4 2011-10-01...condition exclusions and relation to other laws. 457... Section 457.480 Public Health CENTERS...and title XXVII of the Public Health Service Act. (b) Relation of title XXI to...

2011-10-01

347

The corruption process of a law enforcement officer: a paradigm of occupational stress and deviancy.  

PubMed

The public does not want all laws enforced. In the closed society of law enforcement institutions, police discretion, the conspiracy of silence, the lack of an administration with integrity, and susceptible law enforcement officers contribute to the development of corruption from occupational deviance. Corruption in law enforcement agencies may have similar roots in business, law, medicine, and other professions. Understanding the law enforcement corruption paradigm may therefore be helpful in correcting and curbing corruption in other professions. PMID:9785287

McCafferty, F L; Souryal, S; McCafferty, M A

1998-01-01

348

Special-Purpose Public Police.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the last in a series of five describing a 16-month study of the nature and extent of the police industry in the United States, its problems, its present regulation, and how the law impinges on it. In this volume, certain types of public forces not having general law-enforcement responsibilities are described, including reserve…

Kakalik, James S.; Wildhorn, Sorrel

349

The Present State of the Business Law Education of Accounting Students: The Business Law Professor's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article aims to provide Certified Public Accountant (CPA) candidates, accounting faculty, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), and the state boards of accountancy with an insight into the business law professor's perspective concerning the legal education of accountants. This article first describes various factors,…

Kocakulah, Mehmet C.; Austill, A. David; Long, Brett

2009-01-01

350

Utah Marriage Divorce Laws  

E-print Network

Utah Marriage & Divorce Laws By Steve Averett J. Reuben Clark Law School Brigham Young University Howard W. Hunter Law Library #12;i UTAH MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE LAWS Steve Averett 2011 Edition #12;ii For Suz and family #12;iii Introduction This manual contains a brief explanation of Utah marriage

Seamons, Kent E.

351

Innovations in Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" looks at historical and recent innovations in law. The first article examines the code of laws developed by the ancient Hebrews which influenced Roman law, English law, and the U.S. Declaration of Independence and Constitution. The second article explores Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of…

Martz, Carlton

2000-01-01

352

Maryland Law and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document analyzes the major elements of Maryland school and college law pertaining to governance. While recognizing differences between school and college law in Maryland, this study shows that there are many elements in common between the two. This study will be primarily concerned with civil law rather than criminal law. School personnel or…

Dubel, Robert Y.

353

Hyperphysics: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Hyperphysics page, from Georgia State University, provides detailed explanations for each of Kepler's Laws: the Law of Orbits, Law of Periods, and the Law of Areas. Each description offers appropriate formulas and equations as well as related images and graphics. Various links are provided throughout the article for related information.

Nave, Carl R.

2008-10-28

354

Error of law and flawed administrative acts  

E-print Network

or decision as lawful in subsequent enforcement proceedings.41 Where no statutory procedure is conveniently available, people should usually apply for judicial review rather than resort to a procedure less well adapted for a public-law challenge.42 But a... , Western Fish Products Ltd v Penwith District Council [1981] 2 All 20 are not met, judges have again given themselves room for manoeuvre by distinguishing between “mandatory” preconditions, breach of which make a decision-maker’s actions unlawful...

Feldman, David

2014-07-17

355

Publicly Funded Research for a Price  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

APS Executive Director Martin Frank was interviewed for a Marketplace report on publicly funded research. "Publicly-funded research doesn't seem so public when taxpayers must pay to read the results in a journal. A new law may help publishing companies preserve their business models, but will limit public access to the research. Janet Babin reports."

Janet Babin (Marketplace)

2009-04-28

356

Ebola, quarantine, and the law.  

PubMed

Judged by the key measures of morbidity and mortality, the United States has been very fortunate in the Ebola outbreak so far. We have had a limited number of cases and only a few fatalities. As of this writing, all of the health care workers who became infected in the United States have recovered, and none of the other nonhealth care contacts of Ebola patients has become infected. Yet by almost any other measure, the response to Ebola in the United States has been a disaster. Among other things, there has been a wealth of misinformation, politicization of public health, public panic, and unnecessary quarantine.There is plenty of blame to go around. But one often overlookedfactor that complicated the response to Ebola is American public health law. PMID:25600380

Rothstein, Mark A

2015-01-01

357

Law and Education. Contemporary Issues and Court Decisions. Fourth Edition. Contemporary Legal Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a comprehensive update on the current state of United States law as it affects public education. Part 1, which covers law and education, contains two chapters that explain the sources of educational law and the tools of legal research. Part 2, which examines law pertaining to local boards of education, comprises four chapters…

Hudgins, H. C., Jr.; Vacca, Richard C.

358

NASA and the practice of space law  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper discusses the need for increased awareness in space law due to advances in space technology and a trend toward commercialization of space. A list of national and international treaties, conventions, agreements, laws, and regulations relevant to space activities is presented. NASA lawyers specialize in international and municipal laws that affect the NASA space mission; an example of the lawyers working with insurance companies in negotiating the first Space Shuttle liability policy is provided. The increased participation of the public sector in space activities, for example, the commercialization of the Space Shuttle transportation system, is examined.

Hosenball, S. N.

1985-01-01

359

Table of Contents Law ....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 2  

E-print Network

Table of Contents Law .......................................................................................................................................................................... 36 Law Library Guide ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 53 #12;2 Law Law WVU law students have a passion for justice, an interest in how our legal system

Mohaghegh, Shahab

360

Public order policing  

Microsoft Academic Search

While abortion conflict and violence reached a climax during the late 1970s and the 1980s, it continues to affect numerous stakeholders, including health care providers, patients, protestors, law enforcement officials, members of the media, and representatives of the criminal justice system. Due to the potential severity of the conflict, the threat to public safety, and the variety of stakeholders affected

Dennis Jay Kenney; Melissa Reuland

2002-01-01

361

43 CFR 6304.11 - What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws? 6304.11 Section 6304.11 Public...Addressed in Special Provisions of the Wilderness Act Mining Under the General Mining Laws § 6304.11 What special provisions...

2013-10-01

362

43 CFR 6304.11 - What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws?  

...What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws? 6304.11 Section 6304.11 Public...Addressed in Special Provisions of the Wilderness Act Mining Under the General Mining Laws § 6304.11 What special provisions...

2014-10-01

363

43 CFR 6304.11 - What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws? 6304.11 Section 6304.11 Public...Addressed in Special Provisions of the Wilderness Act Mining Under the General Mining Laws § 6304.11 What special provisions...

2011-10-01

364

43 CFR 6304.11 - What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws? 6304.11 Section 6304.11 Public...Addressed in Special Provisions of the Wilderness Act Mining Under the General Mining Laws § 6304.11 What special provisions...

2012-10-01

365

43 CFR 422.9 - Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2013-10-01

366

43 CFR 422.10 - Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2010-10-01

367

43 CFR 422.9 - Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Reclamation law enforcement contracts and...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2012-10-01

368

43 CFR 422.10 - Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority.  

...authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2014-10-01

369

43 CFR 422.10 - Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2013-10-01

370

43 CFR 422.9 - Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2011-10-01

371

43 CFR 422.9 - Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2010-10-01

372

43 CFR 422.10 - Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2012-10-01

373

43 CFR 422.9 - Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2014-10-01

374

43 CFR 422.10 - Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2011-10-01

375

Economics of mining law  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Modern mining law, by facilitating socially and environmentally acceptable exploration, development, and production of mineral materials, helps secure the benefits of mineral production while minimizing environmental harm and accounting for increasing land-use competition. Mining investments are sunk costs, irreversibly tied to a particular mineral site, and require many years to recoup. Providing security of tenure is the most critical element of a practical mining law. Governments owning mineral rights have a conflict of interest between their roles as a profit-maximizing landowner and as a guardian of public welfare. As a monopoly supplier, governments have considerable power to manipulate mineral-rights markets. To avoid monopoly rent-seeking by governments, a competitive market for government-owned mineral rights must be created by artifice. What mining firms will pay for mineral rights depends on expected exploration success and extraction costs. Landowners and mining firms will negotlate respective shares of anticipated differential rents, usually allowing for some form of risk sharing. Private landowners do not normally account for external benefits or costs of minerals use. Government ownership of mineral rights allows for direct accounting of social prices for mineral-bearing lands and external costs. An equitable and efficient method is to charge an appropriate reservation price for surface land use, net of the value of land after reclamation, and to recover all or part of differential rents through a flat income or resource-rent tax. The traditional royalty on gross value of production, essentially a regressive income tax, cannot recover as much rent as a flat income tax, causes arbitrary mineral-reserve sterilization, and creates a bias toward development on the extensive margin where marginal environmental costs are higher. Mitigating environmental costs and resolving land-use conflicts require local evaluation and planning. National oversight ensures that the relative global avaliability of minerals and other values are considered, and can also promote adaptive efficiency by publicizing creative local solutions, providing technical support, and funding useful research. ?? 1995 Oxford University Press.

Long, K.R.

1995-01-01

376

Centre for Business Law & Practice School of Law  

E-print Network

Centre for Business Law & Practice School of Law University of Leeds BUSINESS LAW & PRACTICE REVIEW Law & Practice, 2005 #12;3 1. ABOUT THE CENTRE The Centre for Business Law and Practice is located in the School of Law at the University of Leeds and its aim is to promote the study of all areas of Business Law

Berzins, M.

377

Print media coverage of California's smokefree bar law  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To assess the print media coverage of California's smokefree bar law in the state of California.?DESIGN—Content analysis of newspaper, trade journal, and magazine items.?SUBJECTS—Items regarding the smokefree bar law published seven months before and one year following the implementation of the smokefree bar law (June 1997 to December 1998). Items consisted of news articles (n = 446), opinion editorials (n = 31), editorials (n = 104), letters to the editor (n = 240), and cartoons (n = 10).?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—Number and timing of publication of items, presence of tobacco industry arguments or public health arguments regarding law, positive, negative, and neutral views of opinion items published.?RESULTS—53% of items published concerning the smokefree bar law were news articles, 47% were opinion items. 45% of items regarding the smokefree bar law were published during the first month of implementation. The tobacco industry dominated coverage in most categories (economics, choice, enforcement, ventilation, legislation, individual quotes), except for categories public health used the most frequently (government role, tactics, organisational quotes). Anti-law editorials and letters to the editor were published more than pro-law editorials and letters. Region of the state, paper size, presence of local clean indoor air legislation, and voting on tobacco related ballot initiatives did not have an impact on the presence of opinion items.?CONCLUSIONS—The tobacco industry succeeded in obtaining more coverage of the smokefree bar law, both in news items and opinion items. The tobacco industry used historical arguments of restricting freedom of choice and economic ramifications in fighting the smokefree bar law, while public health groups focused on the worker protection issue, and exposed tobacco industry tactics. Despite the skewed coverage, public health groups obtained adequate attention to their arguments to keep the law in effect.???Keywords: content analysis; politics; passive smoking; smokefree bar law; California PMID:11387536

Magzamen, S.; Charlesworth, A.; Glantz, S.

2001-01-01

378

75 FR 8990 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal and Opportunity for Public Meeting; California  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...application. The lands will remain open to the mineral leasing, geothermal leasing, mineral materials, and public land laws. DATES...U.S.C. 22 et seq.), but not the mineral leasing, geothermal leasing, mineral materials laws, or the public land...

2010-02-26

379

117 STAT. 2699PUBLIC LAW 108187--DEC. 16, 2003 Public Law 108187  

E-print Network

as the ``Controlling the Assault of Non- Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act of 2003'', or the ``CAN- SPAM Act Pornography and Marketing Act of 2003. Dec. 16, 2003 [S. 877] VerDate 11-MAY-2000 15:26 Dec 24, 2003 Jkt

Shamos, Michael I.

380

[Circumcision: history, religion and law].  

PubMed

The aim of this article is to describe the circumcision procedure during history, its therapeutic and preventive goals, with focus on bioethical, economic and law issues. The origins of this practice are lost in antiquity. It was performed since 3000 BC by the Egyptians for hygienic and religious reasons. Moreover, male circumcision is a religious commandment in Judaism and Islam, and it is customary in some Oriental Orthodox and other Christian churches of Africa. Nowadays, circumcision is performed as a routine procedure by the Jews and the Muslims for religious reasons. The world prevalence of men with circumcision is 12.5-33%, especially in USA, Canada, Islamic people and Africa; in Europe the prevalence rate is low (in Great Britain it is 1.5%). Currently, male circumcision is being highly debated because of ethical, law and scientific issues and the different roles of this procedure: therapeutic, prophylactic (but there is no universal consensus) and ritualistic role. Nowadays, in Italy there is a strong debate about the consensus for this practice and its indications. The Italian law does not allow performing ritualistic circumcision, as a free of charge procedure in public hospitals, at the government's expenses, because the Italian law must protect different religious cultures, in name of the laity of the State. Thus, national bioethical committee (CNB) has established that ritualistic circumcision may only be performed on a paying basis in public hospitals. As a protective practice, circumcision has decreased in the entire world because of the improvement of hygienical conditions and, above all, the lack of unanimous consent on the real usefulness of protective circumcision, even if several studies have recently demonstrated the protecting role of male circumcision against HIV infection. PMID:21452153

Totaro, Angelo; Volpe, Andrea; Racioppi, Marco; Pinto, Francesco; Sacco, Emilio; Bassi, Pier Francesco

2011-01-01

381

Fundamental Laws of Algebra  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning object from Wisc-Online covers the fundamental laws of algebra. The interactive activity includes slides which cover the following topics: the commutative, associative and distributive laws as applied to addition and multiplication.

Blohowiak, Chad; Jensen, Douglas; Reed, Allen

2005-01-01

382

Newton's 3rd Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This video shows how Newton's Third Law of Motion can be demonstrated using a low-friction "sled" and two rubber bands. The video includes a brief description of Newton's third law and explains the reaction force on the sled.

Fix, Darren

2009-02-26

383

Drinking-Age Laws: An Evaluation Synthesis of Their Impact on Highway Safety. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight, Committee on Public Works and Transportation, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined existing evaluations of drinking-age laws to determine the extent to which they provide empirical support for federal and state initiatives to change the legal drinking age. It specifically examined the effects that raising the minimum drinking age has had on traffic accidents, beverage alcohol consumption, driving after…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.

384

Generalized law for aftershocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A generalized law for aftershock decay rates is provided through the combination of the Gutenberg-Richter frequency magnitude relation, Bath's law, and the modified Omori's law. Several large quakes with readily identified aftershocks were studied. Results indicate that aftershock decay rates depended on several parameters specific to each seismic region. It was found that the law can be used to forecast the rate of aftershock occurrence after specific information about the main shock's magnitude and the area's land is known.

Robert Shcherbakov

385

Advertising Law Internet Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advertising Law Internet Site houses articles about the legal aspects of marketing products, with particular emphasis on infomercials, home shopping, and direct response TV. Other articles discuss 900 Number regulations, contest laws, business opportunity laws, and additional aspects of promotion law. The site also houses copies of FTC Guides and Speeches and FTC Rules and statutes. Consumer Advisories issued by the FTC will also be made available at the site.

386

Law of Large Numbers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Created by Charles M. Grinstead and J. Laurie Snell of Dartmouth College, this website is part of an online statistics textbook. Topics include: (1) Law of Large Numbers for Discrete Random Variables, (2) Chebyshev Inequality, (3) Law of Averages, (4) Law of Large Numbers for Continuous Random Variables, (5) Monte Carlo Method. There are several examples and exercises that accompany the material.

Grinstead, Charles M.

387

Newton's Laws of Motion  

Microsoft Academic Search

THERE is a point in connection with Newton's laws of motion which tha text-books on dynamics, which found the science upon those laws, seem to me to leave very inconveniently and unnecessarily mysterious. The point to which I allude is the meaning of the words ``rest or uniform motion in a straight line'' in the first law. The difficult words

1887-01-01

388

On Teaching Natural Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A brief look at Columbia, Harvard, and Notre Dame law schools shows that the American tradition in teaching natural law has not been strong. The value of teaching natural law is discussed, a separate course or seminar is seen as the most effective option, and a selection of available sources for such a course is appended. (JMD)

Forte, David F.

1978-01-01

389

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS  

E-print Network

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 ­ 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance

Kostic, Milivoje M.

390

Laws of Thermodynamics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson explains the two laws of thermodynamics that govern the relationship between energy and natural systems. These are the Law of Conservation of Energy and Law of Entropy. Key terms are hyperlinked so that students can easily find definitions to unfamiliar words.

2012-06-11

391

Bicycle Law Enforcement Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is an attempt to draw together relevant resources and information for localities interested in developing a bicycle law enforcement operation. It is divided into five major sections. Section I explains the need for and importance of bicycle law enforcement. In section II are presented examples of past and current bicycle law

Hunter, William W.; Stutts, Jane C.

392

Kepler and his Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson discusses the work of Tycho Brahe and his connection with Johannes Kepler. Students will receive an introduction to conic sections along with Kepler's laws and observe the mathematical formulation of the third law, and its explicit form for artificial Earth satellites. In addition, the student will confirm Kepler's third law by comparing orbital periods and mean distances for all major planets.

Stern, David

393

The Law School Announcements  

E-print Network

#12;The Law School Announcements Fall 2011 #12;The University of Chicago 3 Table of Contents 7 Officers and Faculty 7 Officers of Administration 7 Officers of Instruction 10 Lecturers in Law 11 Teaching expiring in 2013­2014 15 The Law School 15 History 16 Educational Mission 17 Programs of Instruction 17

Butler, Laurie J.

394

Campus Common Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the legal principle of common law as it applies to the personnel policies of colleges and universities in an attempt to define the parameters of campus common law and to clarify its relationship to written university policies and relevant state laws. (JG)

Bakken, Gordon Morris

1976-01-01

395

Law of Empires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores issues raised by empires and imperial law. The first article, "Clash of Empires: The Fight for North America," looks at the clash of empires and the fight for North America during the 18th century. The second article, "When Roman Law Ruled the Western World," examines Roman Law, which helped hold…

Martz, Carlton

2001-01-01

396

Sex work and the law.  

PubMed

We reviewed publications, websites, and field observations to explore the health and welfare impacts and administrative effectiveness of different legal approaches to sex work. We identified three broad legal approaches: (1) prohibition, including the unique Swedish law criminalising sex workers' clients; (2) licensing; and (3) decriminalisation. Each of these models is employed under one or more jurisdictions in Australia. We make preliminary observations on their consequences and conclude that, on initial impression, decriminalisation may offer the best outcomes. However, more rigorous population-based research is needed to properly assess the health and welfare impacts of legal approaches to sex work. PMID:16335539

Harcourt, Christine; Egger, Sandra; Donovan, Basil

2005-01-01

397

Sunday Liquor Laws and Crime  

PubMed Central

Many jurisdictions have considered relaxing Sunday alcohol sales restrictions, yet such restrictions' effects on public health remain poorly understood. This paper analyzes the effects of legalization of Sunday packaged liquor sales on crime, focusing on the phased introduction of such sales in Virginia beginning in 2004. Differences-in-differences and triple-differences estimates indicate the liberalization increased minor crime by 5% and alcohol-involved serious crime by 10%. The law change did not affect domestic crime or induce significant geographic or inter-temporal crime displacement. The costs of this additional crime are comparable to the state's revenues from increased liquor sales. PMID:22125348

Heaton, Paul

2011-01-01

398

press.princeton.edu Political Science & Law  

E-print Network

press.princeton.edu Political Science & Law 2012 #12;new The Unheavenly Chorus Unequal Political Schlozman is the J. Joseph Moakley Endowed Professor of Political Science at Boston College. Sidney Verba University. Henry E. Brady is the Class of 1941 Monroe Deutsch Professor of Political Science and Public

Landweber, Laura

399

The Yearbook of Education Law 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Yearbook of Education Law contains analyses of the previous year's federal and state court decisions that affect private and public elementary and secondary schools and higher education. The Yearbook provides summaries and analyses of relevant state appellate and federal trial and appellate court cases. Contents include: (1) Employees; (2)…

Russo, Charles, Ed.

2008-01-01

400

Labour Law in Canadian Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The legislative framework for academic and nonacademic unionization and collective bargaining in Canadian public colleges, universities and technical institutes is set out and compared with mainstream labour law. Significant deviations affecting academic staff in the province of Alberta are explored to understand their effect and the factors which…

Barnetson, Bob

2006-01-01

401

Job Safety and Health It's the law!  

E-print Network

Job Safety and Health It's the law! EMPLOYEES: Must have access to: · DOE safety and health publications; · The worker safety and health program for their location; · This safety and health poster related to worker safety and health; · Decline to perform an assigned task because of a belief

Lee, Jason R.

402

LGBT Rights Law: A Career Guide  

E-print Network

; Robert Bank, Gay Men's Health Crisis; Kara Suffredini, National Gay and Lesbian Task Force; Janson Wu, Harvard Law School. And special thanks to Alexa Shabecoff, Assistant Dean for Public Service, for her from male/female heterosexual. For the sake of clarity and brevity, the term LGBT (lesbian, gay

Wolfe, Patrick J.

403

Federal immunity Law in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Monitors and analyzes developments in immunity law in 1998 applicable to higher education. The review suggests that the extent of a plaintiff's constitutional rights and the scope of a public official's qualified immunity depend to a not insignificant degree on which circuit, or even which panel, decides the case. (SLD)

Johnsen, Christopher; Todd, James C.

1999-01-01

404

The School Principal and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of twelve papers concerning the role of the public school principal and the legal decisions he or she is forced to make on the job. The twelve contributors are nationally recognized experts in the field of school law and school administration. Topics covered include legal aspects of a principal's employment; authority…

Stern, Ralph D., Ed.

405

45 CFR 5.68 - Exemption seven: Law enforcement.  

... Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services GENERAL ADMINISTRATION FREEDOM OF INFORMATION REGULATIONS Reasons for Withholding Some Records § 5.68 Exemption seven: Law enforcement. We are not required to disclose...

2014-10-01

406

42 CFR 2.20 - Relationship to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.20 Relationship to State laws. The statutes authorizing...

2011-10-01

407

42 CFR 2.20 - Relationship to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.20 Relationship to State laws. The statutes authorizing...

2010-10-01

408

42 CFR 2.20 - Relationship to State laws.  

...Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.20 Relationship to State laws. The statutes authorizing...

2014-10-01

409

Faculty of Law Faculty of Law  

E-print Network

Commercial Papers & Banking Transactions 0410333 04102143Real Rights0410317 04103143Private International LawHealth Promotion of Individuals and the Community 9910101 -------3Principles of First Aid9910105 -------3

410

Working Mothers, Breastfeeding, and the Law  

PubMed Central

Workplace barriers contribute to low rates of breastfeeding. Research shows that supportive state laws correlate with higher rates, yet by 2009, only 23 states had adopted any laws to encourage breastfeeding in the workplace. Federal law provided virtually no protection to working mothers until the 2010 enactment of the “reasonable break time” provision of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. This provision nonetheless leaves many working mothers uncovered, requires break time only to pump for (not feed) children younger than 1 year, and exempts small employers that demonstrate hardship. Public health professionals should explore ways to improve legal support for all working mothers wishing to breastfeed. Researchers should identify the laws that are most effective and assist policymakers in translating them into policy. PMID:21164100

Moulton, Anthony D.

2011-01-01

411

Working mothers, breastfeeding, and the law.  

PubMed

Workplace barriers contribute to low rates of breastfeeding. Research shows that supportive state laws correlate with higher rates, yet by 2009, only 23 states had adopted any laws to encourage breastfeeding in the workplace. Federal law provided virtually no protection to working mothers until the 2010 enactment of the "reasonable break time" provision of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. This provision nonetheless leaves many working mothers uncovered, requires break time only to pump for (not feed) children younger than 1 year, and exempts small employers that demonstrate hardship. Public health professionals should explore ways to improve legal support for all working mothers wishing to breastfeed. Researchers should identify the laws that are most effective and assist policymakers in translating them into policy. PMID:21164100

Murtagh, Lindsey; Moulton, Anthony D

2011-02-01

412

Law & School Reform: Six Strategies for Promoting Educational Equity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes the growing involvement of lawyers in America's public schools in the past half century. It discusses comparatively what leading educators and lawyers believe to be the most important law-driven school reforms and examines these reform efforts from the perspectives of law, education, research, and practice. It also considers…

Heubert, Jay P., Ed.

413

Do School Bully Laws Align with Prevention Best Practices?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines state-level school laws that emerged over the last decade with regard to bully prevention. The purpose is to determine, among states that legally mandate public schools to address bullying, how extensively they have incorporated language representing the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention levels. State bully laws

Edmondson, Lynne; Zeman, Laura Dreuth

2011-01-01

414

Children and the Law. Profiles of Promise 15.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Greenwood School near Minneapolis adapted to their community the Children and the Law program, developed for fifth graders under the auspices of the Minnesota State Bar Association. The program seeks to remove the uncertainty children have about law and make them aware of its function, protecting individual and public rights; provides…

Pratt, Francis; Haley, Frances

415

The Internet and the Law: What Educators Need To Know.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses the key legal issues public schools face in using the World Wide Web, e-mail, and other computer technologies. Chapter 1 covers the foundations of school Internet law, including Supreme Court decisions, the legal standard of conduct, standards for technology literacy, and federal vs. state law. Chapter 2 discusses freedom of…

Conn, Kathleen

416

The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims  

E-print Network

Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2008) Units: 3 CCN (2, The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 19 Claims on Federal Law: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro

Kammen, Daniel M.

417

law.wlu.edu 121School of Law  

E-print Network

120 X The School of law law.wlu.edu #12;121School of Law The School of law Kenneth Patrick Ruscio President of the University To Be Named Provost Rodney A. Smolla, J.D. Dean of the School of Law Blake Dominic Morant, J.D. Associate Dean for Academic Affairs of the School of Law Sidney S. Evans, J

Dresden, Gregory

418

The evolution of law in biopreparedness.  

PubMed

The decade following the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, and ensuing anthrax exposures that same fall has seen significant legal reforms designed to improve biopreparedness nationally. Over the past 10 years, a transformative series of legal changes have effectively (1) rebuilt components of federal, state, and local governments to improve response efforts; (2) created an entire new legal classification known as "public health emergencies"; and (3) overhauled existing legal norms defining the roles and responsibilities of public and private actors in emergency response efforts. The back story as to how law plays an essential role in facilitating biopreparedness, however, is pocked with controversies and conflicts between law- and policymakers, public health officials, emergency managers, civil libertarians, scholars, and others. Significant legal challenges for the next decade remain. Issues related to interjurisdictional coordination; duplicative legal declarations of emergency, disaster, and public health emergency; real-time legal decision making; and liability protections for emergency responders and entities remain unresolved. This article explores the evolving tale underlying the rise and prominence of law as a pivotal tool in national biopreparedness and response efforts in the interests of preventing excess morbidity and mortality during public health emergencies. PMID:22455677

Hodge, James G

2012-03-01

419

Governing in the Sunshine: Open Meetings, Open Records, and Effective Governance in Public Higher Education. Public Policy Paper Series No. 04-01  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sunshine laws are designed to make meetings and records of public entities visible so that a state can help ensure accountability of decision making affecting public resources. The laws often pit the news media's desire for greater public disclosure of information on public college and university governance against institutional leaders' desire to…

Hearn, James C.; McLendon, Michael K.; Gilchrist, Leigh Z.

2004-01-01

420

[Science and law in courts].  

PubMed

Science and law can be seen as the main creators of orders and rules in knowledge-based societies. These relations are particularly delicate in domains where scientific uncertainty and probabilistic causality are more frequently involved, such as environment and health. The decision of the Court of Florence (Tuscany Region, Northern Italy) (Second Criminal Division, 3217/2010, 17th May 2010) - here analysed - deals with the uncertain correlations between PM10 and health. The criminal law case involved some public officers in Tuscany, indicted for having failed to adopt the adequate measures to keep PM10 levels within the limits set by European Directive 2008/50/EC on air quality. In arguing that accusations were ill-founded, the Court, while invoking the validity of science, deliberately chose the scientific evidence relevant to drawing specific legal consequences. Meteorological phenomena are considered as the single determinant of high levels of PM10; their uncertainty is framed as absolute unpredictability and ungovernability, and from these flaws non-responsibility. The concept of coproduction is applied as a useful critical tool to open up the complex relationships between science and law by showing how scientific and legal concepts generate and influence each other even when legal regulations claims to be neutrally and objectively science-based. PMID:25115466

Tallacchini, Mariachiara

2014-01-01

421

[Sources of law].  

PubMed

In it first article, the Civil Code establishes that the sources of Spanish law are law, custom, and the general principles of law as well as the circumstances in which each one of them is applied. The Spanish Constitution (SC) is the Law of Laws. It gathers the fundamental rights of the person who should respect the guidelines of the lower ranking. The Law is the guideline having the maximum category below the SC, its elaboration corresponds to the General Courts although the executive power may legislate in certain circumstances (by delegation of the legislative power or by emergency). Executive power elaborates Regulations that are technical developments of the laws. The regulations of the Regional Communities have the rank of law in their geographic setting and for the material in which it has competence. The validly agreed upon international treaties form a part of the Spanish set of rules after being published in the Official State Bulletin. The Spanish legal system is hierarchical, the rules coming from community law are within the peak of the pyramidal structure, with preference on the constitution, followed by laws and rules. PMID:15719282

Gutierrez Luna, M

2004-12-01

422

Undergraduate Handbook School of Law  

E-print Network

Undergraduate Handbook School of Law Critique. LLB 2013LAW #12;Contents 1 From the Dean Welcome to the School of Law 3 Law degrees at UC 4 Double degrees at UC 5 Planning your degree 6 Specialisations & career opportunities 9 Law School staff 11 2013 course supervisors 12 Law facilities 14 Academic

Hickman, Mark

423

On Hack's Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hack's law is reviewed, emphasizing its implications for the elongation of river basins as well as its connections with their fractal characteristics. The relation between Hack's law and the internal structure of river basins is investigated experimentally through digital elevation models. It is found that Hack's exponent, elongation, and some relevant fractal characters are closely related. The self-affine character of basin boundaries is shown to be connected to the power law decay of the probability of total contributing areas at any link and to Hack's law. An explanation for Hack's law is derived from scaling arguments. From the results we suggest that a statistical framework referring to the scaling invariance of the entire basin structure should be used in the interpretation of Hack's law.

Rigon, Riccardo; Rodriguez-Iturbe, Ignacio; Maritan, Amos; Giacometti, Achille; Tarboton, David G.; Rinaldo, Andrea

1996-11-01

424

Statistical laws in linguistics  

E-print Network

Zipf's law is just one out of many universal laws proposed to describe statistical regularities in language. Here we review and critically discuss how these laws can be statistically interpreted, fitted, and tested (falsified). The modern availability of large databases of written text allows for tests with an unprecedent statistical accuracy and also a characterization of the fluctuations around the typical behavior. We find that fluctuations are usually much larger than expected based on simplifying statistical assumptions (e.g., independence and lack of correlations between observations).These simplifications appear also in usual statistical tests so that the large fluctuations can be erroneously interpreted as a falsification of the law. Instead, here we argue that linguistic laws are only meaningful (falsifiable) if accompanied by a model for which the fluctuations can be computed (e.g., a generative model of the text). The large fluctuations we report show that the constraints imposed by linguistic laws...

Altmann, Eduardo G

2015-01-01

425

Newton's Second Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to Sir Isaac Newton's Second Law of Motion. Topics include the two ways to study the dynamics of a system in which there is motion, a brief description of Newton's work in studying and measuring the motion of objects, and a summary of his three laws of motion. The lesson includes an activity in which students test Newton's Second Law by measuring the acceleration of a cart which is being pulled by increasingly larger masses.

Pratte, John

426

Law and Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines legal rules covering protection of corporate shareholders and creditors, the origin of these rules, and the quality of their enforcement in 49 countries. The results show that commonâ€law countries generally have the strongest, and french civil law countries the weakest, legal protections of investors, with Germanâ€-and Scandinavianâ€-civilâ€law countries located in the middle. We also find that concentration

Rafael La Porta; Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes; Andrei Shleifer; Robert W. Vishny

1998-01-01

427

Zipf's law, power laws and maximum entropy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Zipf's law, and power laws in general, have attracted and continue to attract considerable attention in a wide variety of disciplines—from astronomy to demographics to software structure to economics to linguistics to zoology, and even warfare. A recent model of random group formation (RGF) attempts a general explanation of such phenomena based on Jaynes' notion of maximum entropy applied to a particular choice of cost function. In the present paper I argue that the specific cost function used in the RGF model is in fact unnecessarily complicated, and that power laws can be obtained in a much simpler way by applying maximum entropy ideas directly to the Shannon entropy subject only to a single constraint: that the average of the logarithm of the observable quantity is specified.

Visser, Matt

2013-04-01

428

European Environmental Law Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The European Environmental Law Homepage provides access to the full text of treaties, legislation, case law, scholarly legal articles, and EU and NGO documents relevant to environmental law in Europe. In addition, the site has compiled a directory of important governmental Websites for most nations in Europe and maintains a list of pointers to other legal sites with environmental information. The site is edited by Wybe Th. Douma of the T.M.C. Asser Institute, and Jurgen G.J. Lefevere of both the Foundation for International Environmental Law and Development, and the METRO Institute, Maastricht University.

429

Bullying Policies and Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Policies & Laws | Espańol Search Stopbullying.gov WHAT IS BULLYING Definition The Roles Kids Play Related Topics CYBER BULLYING What is Cyberbullying? Prevent Cyberbullying Report Cyberbullying WHO ...

430

German Law Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Gerhard Dannemann of the Centre for the Advanced Study of European and Comparative Law at University of Oxford, this site features cases, literature, and bibliographies on German law. Documents contained in the archive are organized in four sections: Judgments and other decisions by German courts; Statues: Acts of Parliament and statutory instruments; Literature on German law; and Bibliographies on German law. Additional resources include an internal search engine and related links. Some of the sections are still under development, and information for potential contributors to the archive is provided.

431

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

U.S. Department of Justice

432

Registration in Public Community Colleges and Universities: [Report and Recommendations of the] Postsecondary Education Planning Commission, 1990--Report 5. Prepared in response to Specific Appropriation 587 of the 1989 General Appropriations Act, Chapter 89-253, Laws of Florida.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted in 1989 to analyze the registration processes used in Florida's public community colleges and universities, focusing on procedures, staffing, technologies used to facilitate registration, the relationship between student automated advisement systems and existing registration processes, and institutional procedures for…

Florida State Postsecondary Education Commission, Tallahassee.

433

Career Education NOW--Model for Career Education Curriculum K-14 for a Rural/Urban School District. Exemplary Project in Vocational Education Conducted under Part D of Public Law 90-576. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists of project accomplishments and the complete third-party evaluation report constitute the major contents of this final report of a three-year project to assist Bedford County Public Schools (Virginia) in implementation of a model for K-14 career education. Major conclusions reported are these: (1) A comprehensive plan for career development…

Turpin, Jerry P.

434

Consumer Information: National Consumer Law Center (NCLC)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded at the Boston College School of Law, the National Consumer Law Center (NCLC) is a nonprofit corporation committed to the legal problems commonly faced by low-income and financially distressed families. Accurate and authoritative information regarding issues of debt collection abuses, home improvement frauds, usury, and utility terminations, among others, are provided at the Consumer Information section of the site for lawyers, low-income community organizations, public policy makers, consumer and business reporters, and interested citizens, alike. Links to related websites are also provided for additional consumer guidance.

435

ECOLEX: A Gateway to Environmental Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A joint project of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and IUCN -- The World Conservation Union, this site is intended to serve as a gateway to information on legal instruments and materials related to environmental management. The site draws on IUCN's Environmental Law Information System (ELIS) and links to full-text information available from UNEP's Computerised Environmental Law Information Base (CELIB) and other authoritative sources. The seven databases on the site can be browsed by subject, jurisdiction, jurisdictional field of application, judge, or date. Users may also perform keyword searches. Publication information is provided when texts are not available online. Most of the site is also available in French and Spanish.

436

46 CFR 503.86 - Public access to records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Public access to records. 503.86 Section 503...503.86 Public access to records. (a) All transcripts...with accusing any person of a crime, or formally censuring any...privacy; (7) Investigatory records compiled for law...

2010-10-01

437

46 CFR 503.86 - Public access to records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Public access to records. 503.86 Section 503...503.86 Public access to records. (a) All transcripts...with accusing any person of a crime, or formally censuring any...privacy; (7) Investigatory records compiled for law...

2012-10-01

438

46 CFR 503.86 - Public access to records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Public access to records. 503.86 Section 503...503.86 Public access to records. (a) All transcripts...with accusing any person of a crime, or formally censuring any...privacy; (7) Investigatory records compiled for law...

2013-10-01

439

46 CFR 503.86 - Public access to records.  

... false Public access to records. 503.86 Section 503...503.86 Public access to records. (a) All transcripts...with accusing any person of a crime, or formally censuring any...privacy; (7) Investigatory records compiled for law...

2014-10-01

440

46 CFR 503.86 - Public access to records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Public access to records. 503.86 Section 503...503.86 Public access to records. (a) All transcripts...with accusing any person of a crime, or formally censuring any...privacy; (7) Investigatory records compiled for law...

2011-10-01

441

Healthy by law: heading towards a brave new world?  

PubMed

The law is a tool used by Government to protect public health. Health is an omnipresent preoccupation, inviting each one of us to protect ourselves against potential risks at all times and in all places. The right to health protection is a source of benefit entitlements and rights-obligations that render it effective. However, believing that the law can and should regulate all sectors of human life, still a utopian belief. International law suffers from intrinsic weaknesses that limit its effectiveness. The current economic context has lead to stricter controls over healthcare expenditure faced with the ever-growing demand for treatment, limiting the right to healthcare protection. Through health law, the State has developed controls over individuals. Individual liberties tend to be limited to the cause of the public health policy. Healthy by law, raises a question: are we heading towards a brave new world as described by Aldous Huxley? PMID:23447901

Gignon, Maxime; Ganry, Olivier; Manaouil, Cécile

2012-12-01

442

School Law Update...Preventive School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of contemporary legal issues are addressed in the 15 separate papers that make up this volume. The introductory chapter by William C. Bednar, Jr. provides a broad-based rationale for "Preventive School Law." Chapters 2 and 3, both by Gerald A. Caplan, review "Current Issues in Reduction-in-Force" and "First Amendment Claims by…

Jones, Thomas N., Ed.; Semler, Darel P., Ed.

443

College of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law  

E-print Network

remains one of the most fundamental aspects of global commerce and natural resources law in the modern eraCollege of Law LLM in Oil and Gas Law New LLM in Oil and Gas Law launched to complement our other Law. The new LLM Degree in this field is a very exciting development at Swansea and I am sure

Martin, Ralph R.

444

Law 275 sec. 1 The Environmental Law Workshop  

E-print Network

Law 275 sec. 1 The Environmental Law Workshop (Spring 2005) Instructor: Daniel A. Farber Email: dfarber@law.berkeley.edu Location: 123 Boalt Time: Mondays 4:20-6:10 Syllabus Class 1 ­ January 10 Lecturer: Daniel Farber, Sho Sato Professor of Law, Director of Environmental Law Program (Boalt School

Kammen, Daniel M.

445

Centre for Business Law and Practice School of Law  

E-print Network

1 Centre for Business Law and Practice School of Law University of Leeds ANNUAL REPORT 2012 ­ 2013 AND THE CITY 1.1 THE CENTRE The Centre for Business Law and Practice (the `Centre') is located in the School of Law (part of the Faculty of Social Sciences, Education and Law) at the University of Leeds. The School

Berzins, M.

446

Kepler's Law of Refraction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In his review of the second volume of the new edition of Kepler's works in Nature of August 19, p. 306, Prof. H. C. Plummer states that Kepler's formula for the law of refraction is alpha - beta = kappaalpha sec beta, where alpha is the angle of incidence and beta the angle of refraction. This reduces to the law

R. A. Houstoun

1939-01-01

447

LawGuru.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LawGuru.com is an exhaustive resource for free legal information. The site provides access to more than 430 legal search engines and databases, including a feature that allows parallel searching of multiple databases. The site also maintains the LawGuru.com BBS, a searchable database of legal questions posted by users accompanied by responses from one of the more than 320 practicing attorneys in the LawGuru.com network. Currently the BBS database contains over 4,000 legal questions divided into more than 25 categories. In addition, LawGuru.com provides a collection of fifteen FAQs written on various legal issues, links to over 500 legal Internet resources, and information on over 600 associated electronic mailing lists. Recently, LawGuru.com began hosting the Internet Law Library (see the May 3, 1996 Scout Report), a comprehensive resource formerly maintained by the US House of Representatives. LawGuru.com is operated by The Law Offices of Eslamboly & Barlavi (California).

448

The law and neuroscience.  

PubMed

Some of the implications for law of recent discoveries in neuroscience are considered in a new program established by the MacArthur Foundation. A group of neuroscientists, lawyers, philosophers, and jurists are examining issues in criminal law and, in particular, problems in responsibility and prediction and problems in legal decision making. PMID:18995814

Gazzaniga, Michael S

2008-11-01

449

Teaching Information Technology Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in particular…

Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

2009-01-01

450

Social Studies: Law Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 11 series, texts, supplements, kits, and professional references for law instruction, including civil and criminal law, the Bill of Rights, and controversial legal issues: arson, gun control, capital punishment, and euthanasia. While all grade levels are covered, the emphasis is on secondary-level materials. (SJL)

Curriculum Review, 1979

1979-01-01

451

Laws for Young Mountaineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet introduces secondary grade students to the criminal laws of West Virginia. It can easily be adapted and used by educators in other states. The authors believe that young people must recognize and understand these laws and the mechanisms which society uses to implement and enforce them if they are to function as an integral, important,…

Kanawha County Board of Education, Charleston, WV.

452

75 FR 28205 - Administrative Waivers of the Coastwise Trade Laws: New Definition for Eligible Vessel  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waivers of the Coastwise Trade Laws: New Definition for Eligible Vessel AGENCY...considered for a waiver of the coastwise laws to operate as small passenger vessels or...gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Public Law 105-383 authorized the Secretary of...

2010-05-20

453

75 FR 4334 - Administrative Waivers of the Coastwise Trade Laws: New Definition of Eligible Vessels  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waivers of the Coastwise Trade Laws: New Definition of Eligible Vessels AGENCY...eligible for a waiver of the coastwise laws under special provisions of the Coast Guard...gov. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Public Law 105-383, which authorized the...

2010-01-27

454

Publications LAH Publications  

E-print Network

. The Effects of Ionizing Radiations on Immune Processes. C. A. Leone. New York, Gordon and Breach Science). "Detection and Localization of H-2 Antigen in Cells Grown in Culture." Am. J. Diseases of Children 102 for Isoantigenic Variants of Mammalian Somatic Cells." Am. J. Diseases of Children: 533. 3 / 215 #12;Publications

Herzenberg, Leonard A.

455

Seattle University Law Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Originally published as the University of Puget Sound Law Review, this particular legal institution became part of Seattle University in 1994. The Seattle University Law Review "strives to publish articles that will be useful research tools for students, attorneys, judges, and legal scholars," with articles on a range of legal topics, including family law, copyright law, and other topics. On the homepage, visitors can read over the Aims & Scope to learn about the main mission, sign up for Facebook updates, and also review the editorial board. Visitors can use the drop-down menu to browse past issues, or use the search engine to find specific topics or phrases of interest. There are a number of special issues here, including "Symposium on Racial Bias and the Criminal Justice System" and "A Symposium Celebrating the Launch of the Adolf A. Berle, Jr. Center on Corporations, Law & Society."

2012-09-21

456

Florida Law Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Florida Law Collections document the laws and legal heritage of Florida through a wide range of texts digitized from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center, the State Library, and Archives of Florida, and several other key institutions. Specifically, the collection includes issues of the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, the Florida Historical Legal Documents collection, a Florida Water Law collection that is particularly noteworthy, as well as other general texts on Florida laws, the legislative process, and government. Given the debates over water rights and usage throughout the state, the Water Law collection is a real find, and visitors can search over 7300 documents within the collection. From the homepage, visitors can perform advanced searches and also look over recently added items. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive their RSS feed and contact the site administrators with any additional queries they might have.

457

New State Forest Practice Laws. A review of state laws and their natural resource data requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Forest practice regulations can be established by being specified in state law or by being promulgated by some other official body delegated the authority to do so. At the state level, public regulation of private forest practices resulted in many cases, in the enactment of state forest practice laws regulating both private, and in some cases, public landowner activities. These laws aim not only to protect natural environments, but also to encourage continuous productivity of forest lands, to maintain or enhance aesthetic values, and to serve as an implementing mechanism to control water pollution. Profiles of regulations in California, Idaho, Maine, Nevada, New Hampshire, Oregon, and Washington are examined and assessed. Voluntary guidelines in use in 18 states are summarized.

Klein, S. B.

1980-01-01

458

29 CFR 18.1005 - Public records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS BEFORE THE OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATIVE LAW JUDGES Rules of Evidence Contents of Writings, Recordings, and Photographs § 18.1005 Public records. The contents of an official record, or of a document...

2010-07-01

459

EngagementNov./Dec. 2011 Public Service,  

E-print Network

to homeless veterans and others. These are exemplars of the civic actions that our secular and religious . . . . . . . . . . . pg. 14 HoChiMinh Gets with the Program How an American public health researcher helped shape AIDS law

Fraden, Seth

460

Faculty of Law Department of Economics Research Memorandum 99.03  

E-print Network

.l.j.caminada@law.leidenuniv.nl k.p.goudswaard@law.leidenuniv.nl Leiden University Public Finance Department P.O. Box 9521, 2300 RA Congress of the International Institute of Public Finance, August 26th 1999, Moscow, Russia. Extended data

Galis, Frietson

461

Laws of the United States Relating to Water Pollution Control and Environmental Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of Federal legislation contains copies of twelve Public Laws, four Executive Orders, and five International Conventions relevant to water pollution control. It also contains two Public Laws and two Executive Orders pertaining to environmental quality. There is a brief introduction summarizing the provisions of each Act. (AL)

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Public Works.

462

Minority College Aspirations, Expectations and Applications under the Texas Top 10% Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Texas legislature passed the Top 10% Law in 1996 guaranteeing automatic admission to any Texas public college or university for seniors who graduate in the top decile of their high school class. Using data on a representative sample of seniors (N = 12,029) enrolled in 96 Texas public high schools, we examine whether and how this law affects…

Lloyd, Kim M.; Leicht, Kevin T.; Sullivan, Teresa A.

2008-01-01

463

LAW / DROIT Connecting students, professors  

E-print Network

LAW / DROIT AUTOMNE FALL / 2014 Faculty of Law Faculté de droit BRANCH� Connecting students, professors and alumni as they explore new horizons in legal education and practice #12;II FOCUS | LAW ­ FALL Conferences & Special Events Coordinator Alumnioffice.law@mcgill.ca Telephone: 514 398-3679 Focus Law est

Kambhampati, Patanjali

464

POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW  

E-print Network

POSTGRADUATE GUIDE SCHOOL OF LAW www.abdn.ac.uk/law #12;Set in the heart of Europe's Energy Capital Over 500 years of teaching and research excellence A top UK Law School Dedicated Law Library containing and the world. Law has been taught at the University since its foundation. Today, the School ranks among the UK

Levi, Ran

465

ICSN Publications  

Cancer.gov

Skip to Main Content Search International Cancer Screening Network Sponsored by the National Cancer Institute Home | About ICSN | Collaborative Projects | Meetings | Cancer Sites | Publications | Contact Us ICSN Publications Search the ICSN Publications

466

The theory of economic regulation and public choice and the determinants of public sector bargaining legislation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we used the theory of economic regulation and public choice to derive a model to explain the pattern of public sector bargaining laws among the states. We find this type of legislation is influenced by the following demand factors: (1) the extent of public sector union membership, which represents the interest group hypothesis, has a positive influence

Melissa Waters; William J. Moore

1990-01-01

467

The Journal of Philosophy, Science & Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The intersection between the fields of philosophy, science, and law is a complex one, and a number of scholars continue to be intimately concerned with exploring the many aspects of the interactions among these disciplines. The Journal of Philosophy, Science & Law is a publication that is dedicated to examining such questions, and has done so since its inception in 2001. Edited by Dr. Jason Borenstein, the peer-reviewed journal has published pieces on gene patents, the role of medical experts in the courtroom, and the notion of truth in the law. Visitors to the site can peruse the archives of the journal, and also sign up to receive updates about the journal from time to time. For those who might be interested in submitting an item to the journal, the site also contains detailed information on the particulars of this process.

468

The new energy law  

SciTech Connect

Foreign companies, as well as Polish companies, have long awaited the introduction of a new environment for doing business in Poland`s energy sector. The adoption by the Sejm (lower house of the Polish Parliament) of a new Energy Law (Prawo Energetyczne) promises to move Poland into a brave new world for energy sector businesses. With this law, Poland hopes to leapfrog into the vanguard of European countries in terms of privatization and demonopolization of its energy sectors. Only the United Kingdom may be more progressive in this regard. During the past several months, a draft law was passed by the Sejm and sent to the Senate. The Senate introduced nearly 50 changes, passed the law and returned it to the Sejm. At that point, the Sejm committee responsible for this law recommended against almost all the Senate`s changes, returning the draft law to its original form. The actions by the Sejm, now awaited, will be final with only the signature of the president needed to put the law into force. Subsequently, this examination of the law is based upon the draft as originally passed by the Sejm and expected to be signed by Poland`s president. There are several key provisions of the proposed new law that make it so different from the current regulatory structure. The key terms that the Polish government likes to use are privatization and demonopolization, of which the latter is to come first. It is a leap forward from an energy sector that was owned entirely by the State, and where prices at all levels, from the coal mines to the residential consumer, were set without regard to cost.

Allen, Z.

1997-05-01

469

FindLaw Constitutional Law Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This offering from FindLaw (last discussed in the January 15, 1999 Scout Report) focuses on the US Constitution. The site is composed of two primary sections. The first offers an annotated Constitution, commentary on selected topics with links to key sections of the Constitution or The Federalist Papers, a history of the Constitution, and brief biographies of notable "Founding Fathers" and delegates to the Constitutional Convention. The second section highlights the Third Branch of government, with a history of the Supreme Court, landmark decisions regarding civil rights with the full opinions, a summary and analysis of the criminal law and procedure decisions of the October 1998 Supreme Court Term, and several links for current Supreme Court news and information. Both sections also feature a search engine. Additional resources at the site include a Town Hall section that explores Hot Topics (currently flag burning) and message boards on a wide variety of Constitutional issues.

1994-01-01

470

FindLaw Constitutional Law Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This latest offering from FindLaw (last discussed in the January 15, 1999 Scout Report) focuses on the US Constitution. The site is composed of two primary sections. The first offers an annotated Constitution, commentary on selected topics with links to key sections of the Constitution or The Federalist Papers, a history of the Constitution, and brief biographies of notable "Founding Fathers" and delegates to the Constitutional Convention. The second section highlights the Third Branch of government, with a history of the Supreme Court, landmark decisions regarding civil rights with the full opinions, a summary and analysis of the criminal law and procedure decisions of the October 1998 Supreme Court Term, and several links for current Supreme Court news and information. Both sections also feature a search engine. Additional resources at the site include a Town Hall section that explores Hot Topics (currently flag burning) and message boards on a wide variety of Constitutional issues.

471

Benford's Law in Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Benford's law predicts the occurrence of the n-th digit of numbers in datasets originating from various sources all over the world, ranging from financial data to atomic spectra. It is intriguing that although many features of Benford's law have been proven, it is still not fully understood mathematically. In this paper we investigate the distances of galaxies and stars by comparing the first, second and third significant digit probabilities with Benford's predictions. It is found that the distances of galaxies follow the first digit law reasonable well, and that the star distances agree very well with the first, second and third significant digit.

Alexopoulos, Theodoros; Leontsinis, Stefanos

2014-07-01

472

International Constitutional Law (ICL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the University of Wuerzburg (Germany), International Constitutional Law (ICL) provides English texts of constitutional documents and links to background information on over seventy countries. Documents are cross-referenced for comparison of constitutional provisions. Also featured are links to Constitutional Court sites, a Model Constitutional Code, a section on German Case Law, a comprehensive list of international organizations, and a strong collection of links to constitutional and international law and constitution sites. The material available at ICL is widely applicable to fields such as political science, international relations, or government, and could be very useful for research projects in both secondary and university classrooms.

1997-01-01

473

The LSU Law Center -- Canada Bijuralism Conference. Introduction: Global Law and the Law School Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces papers from a conference focused on the bijural programs of Louisiana State University Law Center and McGill University Faculty of Law. The programs educate all first-degree law students in both the common law and civil law traditions, preparing them for the increasing globalization of legal practice. (EV)

Costonis, John J.

2002-01-01

474

Law School Admissions Panel Law School representatives will discuss the law school admissions  

E-print Network

Law School Admissions Panel Law School representatives will discuss the law school admissions process and talk about their respective schools in a panel discussion format. Join us and learn how in Law School Admissions Panel epresentatives will discuss the law school admissions process and talk

Brinkmann, Peter

475

Abortion law reform in Nepal.  

PubMed

Across four decades of political and social action, Nepal changed from a country strongly enforcing oppressive abortion restrictions, causing many poor women's long imprisonment and high rates of abortion-related maternal mortality, into a modern democracy with a liberal abortion law. The medical and public health communities supported women's rights activists in invoking legal principles of equality and non-discrimination as a basis for change. Legislative reform of the criminal ban in 2002 and the adoption of an Interim Constitution recognizing women's reproductive rights as fundamental rights in 2007 inspired the Supreme Court in 2009 to rule that denial of women's access to abortion services because of poverty violated their constitutional rights. The government must now provide services under criteria for access without charge, and services must be decentralized to promote equitable access. A strong legal foundation now exists for progress in social justice to broaden abortion access and reduce abortion stigma. PMID:24890742

Upreti, Melissa

2014-08-01

476

Risk relativism and physical law.  

PubMed

In two 1959 papers, one coauthored, Jerome Cornfield asserts that 'relative' measures are more useful for causal inference while 'absolute' measures are more useful for public health purposes. In one of these papers (the single-authored one), he asks how epidemiology should respond to the fact that its domain is not a highly 'articulated' one-it is not susceptible to being subsumed under general laws. What is the connection between these issues? There has recently been some backlash against 'risk relativism', and Charles Poole has recently dismantled the mathematical argument for the first claim. However the problem with 'Cornfield's Principle' seems to go much deeper. The whole attempt to partition measures into absolute and relative is fundamentally mistaken. Why, then, has it seemed so appealing? Perhaps one reason is the influence that early education in the physical sciences continues to exert on the way epidemiologists think, and their response to the low articulation of their domain of study. PMID:25124189

Broadbent, Alex

2015-01-01

477

The spread of state any willing provider laws.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To describe the growth of any willing provider (AWP) and freedom of choice (FOC) laws applicable to managed care firms and to explore empirically the determinants of their enactment. STUDY SETTING: A 1996 compendium of state laws and state-level data from the 1991-1994 period. STUDY DESIGN: Pooled cross-section time-series logistic regression of the decision to enact various types of AWP and FOC laws. Analysis uses a public choice framework to examine enactment. Key variables include proxy measures of proponent and opponent strength and the political environment. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The model works well for laws affecting hospitals, but performs poorly for physician and pharmacy laws. More providers are associated with the enactment of AWP and FOC laws. More large employers are associated with a reduced likelihood of enactment of some forms of the laws but not others. Conservative states are more likely to enact laws limiting selective contracting with hospitals and physicians. States with greater interparty competition are also more likely to adopt some types of legislation. CONCLUSIONS: The empirical results generally are consistent with the view that AWP and FOC laws are often enacted as a defensive strategy on the part of providers, but additional research is needed to provide a more definitive assessment of the determinants of these laws. Suggestions for future research are provided. PMID:9865232

Ohsfeldt, R L; Morrisey, M A; Nelson, L; Johnson, V

1998-01-01

478

Delivery of Special Education to Non-Public School Students by Public School Districts. FY 2006 Report to the Legislature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 2005 Minnesota First Special Session Laws, Chapter 5, Article 3, Section 17, established a Task Force on Delivery of Special Education to Non-Public School Students by Public School Districts to advise the commissioner on the delivery of special education to non-public school students by public school districts. The task force will make…

Minnesota Department of Education, 2006

2006-01-01

479

Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation depicts a truck with a ladder on its roof stopping quickly so that the ladder is thrown from the top of the truck. The representation is contained within a slide show explaining Newton's 1st Law of Motion.

480

The "Natural Law Tradition."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A discussion of natural law outlines some of the theory and tradition surrounding it and examines its relationship to the social science and legal curriculum and to the teaching of jurisprudence. (MSE)

Finnis, John

1986-01-01

481

Business Law Today  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Bar Association has recently begun to provide full text of this bimonthly magazine covering various aspects of business law. In addition to feature articles, there are five small sections with snippets of legal news and features.

1995-01-01

482

Business Law Today  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Bar Association has recently begun to provide full text of this bimonthly magazine covering various aspects of business law. In addition to feature articles, there are five small sections with snippets of legal news and features.

2007-04-19

483

What Is Benford's Law?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The surprising property of many data sets that their first significant digits follow Benford's Law provides examples that can pique and hold students' interest. Several ideas for student activities are presented.

Bradley, Jonathan R.; Farnsworth, David L.

2009-01-01

484

The Abortion Law Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This privately posted page offers extensive and highly credible information on legislation and jurisprudence relating to abortion in the US. The site offers thoroughly linked discussions of constitutional law, Roe v. Wade, Planned Parenthood v. Casey, state and federal abortion laws, including partial-birth abortion laws, and much more. The hypertext links are to primary documents including court decisions, texts of legislation, court briefs, and oral argument transcripts. There is also an index to primary documents for ease of access. We found the page to have no political agenda. As the author states, "this page is being constructed to help people, regardless of their political bent, understand the background and state of abortion law in America, and access related legal material--especially that which is less available and less well known."

485

Newton's Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of web pages, part of From Stargazers to Starships, describes Newton's three laws of motion and the two concepts on which they are based, force and inertia. A lesson plan for instructors is also provided.

Dr. David P. Stern

2004-10-09

486

The Biogenetic Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A criterion for development of syllabi for mathematics courses is discussed. This criterion is based on the biogenetic law that individuals develop through all the stages of the development of the species. (SD)

Kapadia, Ramesh

1975-01-01

487

Drunk Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Offense Limited Driving Privileges During Susp. Ignition Interlocks Vehicle and License Plate Sanctions Open Container Laws* Repeat ... days After 30 days Mandatory for all convictions Vehicle impoundment Yes Ariz. .15 90 days After 30 ...

488

Law Enforcement Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Serving as a sworn officer of the law continues to be one of the most demanding professions in the country, and those in the field will certainly appreciate the website of Law Enforcement Technology. This monthly magazine concentrates primarily on the emerging trends in the field of law enforcement technology, such as the use of computers, refined body armor designs, and of course, improvements in weaponry and forensics. On their website, visitors can read articles about new data management systems, mobile license plate readers, and innovative flashlights. Along with these feature articles, each issue contains information about funding opportunities for law enforcement technology initiatives and new developments in software technology. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive email notifications about job opportunities and promotional offers.

489

Potential Conservation Laws  

E-print Network

We prove that potential conservation laws have characteristics depending only on local variables if and only if they are induced by local conservation laws. Therefore, characteristics of pure potential conservation laws have to essentially depend on potential variables. This statement provides a significant generalization of results of the recent paper by Bluman, Cheviakov and Ivanova [J. Math. Phys., 2006, V.47, 113505]. Moreover, we present extensions to gauged potential systems, Abelian and general coverings and general foliated systems of differential equations. An example illustrating possible applications of proved statements is considered. A special version of the Hadamard lemma for fiber bundles and the notions of weighted jet spaces are proposed as new tools for the investigation of potential conservation laws.

Michael Kunzinger; Roman O. Popovych

2008-03-07

490

Potential conservation laws  

SciTech Connect

We prove that potential conservation laws have characteristics depending only on local variables if and only if they are induced by local conservation laws. Therefore, characteristics of pure potential conservation laws have to essentially depend on potential variables. This statement provides a significant generalization of results of the recent paper by Bluman et al. [J. Math. Phys. 47, 113505 (2006)]. Moreover, we present extensions to gauged potential systems, Abelian and general coverings, and general foliated systems of differential equations. An example illustrating possible applications of these results is given. A special version of the Hadamard lemma for fiber bundles and the notions of weighted jet spaces are proposed as new tools for the investigation of potential conservation laws.

Kunzinger, Michael [Fakultaet fuer Mathematik, Universitaet Wien, Nordbergstrasse 15, A-1090 Wien (Austria); Popovych, Roman O. [Fakultaet fuer Mathematik, Universitaet Wien, Nordbergstrasse 15, A-1090 Wien (Austria); Institute of Mathematics, NAS of Ukraine, 3 Tereshchenkivska Str., Kyiv-4 (Ukraine)

2008-10-15

491

Stokes' Law Revisited  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses limitations and corrections to be made in physics experiments involving the investigations of drag and terminal velocity on spheres falling through a liquid in accordance with Stokes' law. (SL)

Wray, E. M.

1977-01-01

492

AJ Ohm's Law Calculator  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The electrical relationships between resistance (R), current (I), power (P) and voltage (E) is defined by Ohm's Law. One ohm is defined as the resistance which allow the current of one ampere under a potential difference of 1 volt.

Raymond, Jimmy

493

College of Business School of Law  

E-print Network

expertise in International Law, Natural Resource Law, Disaster Management & Criminal Law. #12;School of LawCollege of Business and Law School of Law Strategic Objectives 2013-2015 #12;School of Law: · Top 100 Law School in the world ­ QS 2013 · 2003-2006 PBRF No 1 law school in NZ (Quality Score of 5

Hickman, Mark

494

Triggering Reform at Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intriguing experiment is afoot in some of the nation's struggling public schools. New "Parent Trigger" laws passed in California and on the agenda in New York, Ohio, Colorado, and Chicago, allow parents of chronically failing schools to unseat the schools' leadership and staff. But the initiative has pitfalls. It's easy to mobilize parents to…

Kelly, Andrew P.

2012-01-01

495

Kepler's Laws, Newton's Laws, and the Search for New Planets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. One of the high points of elementary calculus is the derivation of Ke- pler's empirically deduced laws of planetary motion from Newton's Law of Gravity and his second law of motion. However, the standard treatment of the subject in calcu- lus books is flawed for at least three reasons that I think are important. First, Newton's Laws are used

Robert Osserman

496

Rediscovering Kepler's laws using Newton's gravitation law and NASA data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kepler's three laws of planetary motion were originally discovered by using data acquired from Tycho Brache's naked eye observations of the planets. We show how Kepler's third law can be reproduced using planetary data from NASA. We will also be using Newton's Gravitational law to explain why Kepler's three laws exist as they do.

Paul Springsteen; Jason Keith

2010-01-01

497

The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims  

E-print Network

Law 273.4 The Law of Hazardous Waste: CERCLA, RCRA, & Common Law Claims (Fall 2006) Units: 3 CCN (2 of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation (2d ed. 2005) Syllabus Class 1 ­ August 22 Claims Based on Common: 1. Miller & Johnston The Law of Hazardous Waste Disposal and Remediation 2. Ch. III, Intro to RCRA

Kammen, Daniel M.

498

Hyperbolic Conservation Laws The 1D conservation law  

E-print Network

Hyperbolic Conservation Laws The 1D conservation law wt + f(w)x = 0 (where w and f have m of linearly independent eigenvectors). Then solutions to the conservation law can be viewed in terms to form a complete linearly independent set, and the conservation law is called strictly hyperbolic

Gardner, Carl

499

BIODIVERSITY LAW PROFESSOR BIBER LAW 271.2 FALL 2009  

E-print Network

BIODIVERSITY LAW PROFESSOR BIBER LAW 271.2 FALL 2009 Handout #1 ­ 8/17/09 SYLLABUS MATERIALS The casebook for this course is David D. Goble and Eric T. Freyfogle, Wildlife Law: Cases and Materials (2002 the following sources: (a) Lexis or Westlaw (b) Hein on-line (available at http://www.law

Kammen, Daniel M.

500

ARCHIVED PUBLICATION The attached publication,  

E-print Network

. This publication specifies two cryptographic algorithms, the Data Encryption Standard (DES) and the Triple Data: · Special Publication 800-131A, Transitions: Recommendations for Transitioning the Use of Cryptographic Algorithms and Key Lengths, http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/PubsSPs.html#800- 131A; · Special Publication