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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Law and the Public's Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This installment of Law and the Public's Health visits two related subjects that are periodically covered in this column: the role of federalism in formulating and enforcing public health policy, and the role of courts in interpreting the reach of public agency powers. These two issues represent classic areas of inquiry in public health policy and practice. 1 Recent installments

GONZALES V. OREGON

2

Public Sector Labor Law in Kentucky.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines Kentucky's statutory and decisional law concerning public sector labor relations, as well as the practice and future of public sector relations as perceived by city and county officials. Available from Salmon P. Chase College of Law, 1401 Dixie Highway, Covington, Kentucky 41011; 1.50 per reprint. (Author/IRT)

Zielke, Laurence J.

1979-01-01

3

Legislating tolerance: Spain's national public smoking law  

Microsoft Academic Search

While Spain's national tobacco control legislation prohibits smoking in many indoor public places, the law provides for an exception to the prohibition of smoking by allowing separate seating sections and ventilation options in certain public places such as bars and restaurants, hotels and airports. Accordingly, Spain's law is not aligned with Article 8 Guidelines of the World Health Organization's Framework

Monique E Muggli; Nikki J Lockhart; Jon O Ebbert; Carlos A Jiménez-Ruiz; Juan Antonio Riesco Miranda; Richard D Hurt

2009-01-01

4

Introduction to Public International Law Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Aspiring lawyers and academics hoping to peer into the world of public international law will be glad to learn about this site. Authored by lawyer and researcher Vicenc Feliu, this introduction to public international law research is offered up as part of the Hauser Global Law School Program at New York University's Law School. Published in May/June 2008, this thorough introduction includes a host of information about online and offline resources that will come in handy. After reading the introduction, visitors can browse around sections that offer up material on treaties, case law, and relevant journals. Along the way, visitors will also learn about the major players in public international law, such as the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and the European Union. Overall, this site is indispensable, and visitors with an interest in this area will want to tell their colleagues and friends about it.

Feliăâăâş, Vicenăâăâ§

2008-01-01

5

Water law - Public Trust Doctrine  

SciTech Connect

In a case involving California's Mono Lake, the State Supreme Court held that infringement of the values protected by the Public Trust Doctrine is a separate ground for challenging water appropriations, and that the continuing nature of the state's duty as trustee prevents the acquisition of a vested right to appropriations that injure navigation, commerce, and fisheries. The author summarizes the history and the competing claims of the Doctrine and the California Appropriative Water Rights System. The National Audubon suit now makes it possible for any member of the public to challenge any surface water diversion as injurious to the public trust, but it also offers the California courts an opportunity to redirect the state's water policies. 130 references.

Casey, E.S.

1984-07-01

6

Informational Privacy, Public Health, and State Laws  

PubMed Central

Developments in information technology that make it possible to rapidly transmit health information also raise questions about the possible inappropriate use and protection of identifiable (or potentially identifiable) personal health information. Despite efforts to improve state laws, adoption of provisions has lagged. We found that half of states have no statutes addressing nondisclosure of personally identifiable health information generally held by public health agencies. Exceptional treatment of HIV, sexually transmitted infections, or tuberculosis-related information was common. Where other provisions were found, there was little consistency in the laws across states. The variation in state laws supports the need to build consensus on the appropriate use and disclosure of public health information among public health practitioners.

Matthews, Gene

2011-01-01

7

Psychiatry, the law, and public affairs.  

PubMed

The law is a public affair. The involvement of psychiatrists and psychiatry in legal and judicial proceedings themselves, not to mention the ever-increasing media commentary, is an opportunity to educate the public, but it also entails the very real risk of compounding public misinformation and misgivings about our field. The American Psychiatric Association has both a professional staff Division of Public Affairs and a membership component, the Joint Commission on Public Affairs. Staff and members field queries from the public and the media, plan educational campaigns in collaboration with advocacy organizations, prepare and distribute fact sheets, media kits, and issue kits for members, brochures for the lay reader, booklets for important audiences including clergy, educators, and legislators, and many other resources. Given their critical influence on the lay-person's image and understanding of psychiatry, the participation of forensic psychiatrists in the public affairs activities of our major professional organization is not only welcome, but vital. PMID:9664264

Stotland, N L

1998-01-01

8

Realising social justice in public health law.  

PubMed

Law has played an important, but largely constitutive, role in the development of the public health enterprise. Thus, law has been central to setting up the institutions and offices of public health. The moral agenda has, however, been shaped to a much greater extent by bioethics. While social justice has been placed at the heart of this agenda, we argue that there has been little place within dominant conceptions of social justice for gender equity and women's interests which we see as crucial to a fully realised vision of social justice. We argue that, aside from particular interventions in the field of reproduction, public health practice tends to marginalise women-a claim we support by critically examining strategies to combat the HIV pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa. To counter the marginalisation of women's interests, this article argues that Amartya Sen's capabilities approach has much to contribute to the framing of public health law and policy. Sen's approach provides an evaluative and normative framework which recognises the importance of both gender and health equity to achieving social justice. We suggest that domestic law and international human rights provisions, in particular the emerging human right to health, offer mechanisms to promote capabilities, and foster a robust and inclusive conception of social justice. PMID:23118470

Fox, Marie; Thomson, Michael

2013-03-01

9

Law, public health, and the diabetes epidemic.  

PubMed

The prevalence of new cases of diabetes continues to increase, and the health burden for those with diabetes remains high. This is attributable, in part, to low adoption of evidence-based interventions for diabetes prevention and control. Law is a critical tool for health improvement, yet assessments reported in this paper indicate that federal, state, and local laws give only partial support to guidelines and evidence-based interventions relevant to diabetes prevention and control. Public health practitioners and policymakers who are concerned with the human, fiscal, and economic costs of the epidemic can explore new ways to translate the evidence base for diabetes prevention and control into effective laws and policies. PMID:24050425

Moulton, Anthony D; Albright, Ann L; Gregg, Edward W; Goodman, Richard A

2013-10-01

10

A Look at the Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security Cluster  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A month after the 9/11 terrorist attack in 2001, an advisory group met in Little Rock, Arkansas, to begin the development of the Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security (LPSCS) career cluster. At that time there were five pathways of what was then called the Law and Public Safety cluster--fire and emergency services, law enforcement,…

Coffee, Joseph N.

2008-01-01

11

76 FR 59157 - Public Land Order No. 7783; Extension of Withdrawal Created by Subtitle A of Public Law 104-201; CO  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...public land laws, including the mining laws, mineral and geothermal leasing laws, and mineral materials disposal laws, and reserved...public land laws, including the mining laws, mineral and geothermal leasing laws, and mineral materials disposal laws, and...

2011-09-23

12

Coded Statutory Data Sets for Evaluation of Public Health Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background and objectives: The evaluation of public health law requires reliable accounts of underlying statutes and regulations. States often enact public health-related statutes with nonuniform provisions, and variation in the structure of state legal codes can foster inaccuracy in evaluating the impact of specific categories of law. The optimal…

Costich, Julia Field

2012-01-01

13

Montana Library Laws, Rules, and Public Library Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapter 1 of this handbook of Montana library laws, rules, and public library standards contains excerpts from the Constitution of Montana, including articles on property tax exemptions, educational goals and duties, and code of ethics. Montana library laws covering the following areas are presented in Chapter 2: publication and updating of the…

Montana State Library, Helena.

14

A Career Cluster in Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a program at Great Plains Technology Center that is not only serving its community's needs but it is also serving as a national pilot site. When Oklahoma's Great Plains Technology Center began developing its Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security Cluster in 2003, the National Partnership for Careers in Law, Public

Reese, Susan

2007-01-01

15

The Scientific Basis for Law as a Public Health Tool  

PubMed Central

Systematic reviews are generating valuable scientific knowledge about the impact of public health laws, but this knowledge is not readily accessible to policy makers. We identified 65 systematic reviews of studies on the effectiveness of 52 public health laws: 27 of those laws were found effective, 23 had insufficient evidence to judge effectiveness, 1 was harmful, and 1 was found to be ineffective. This is a valuable, scientific foundation—that uses the highest relevant standard of evidence—for the role of law as a public health tool. Additional primary studies and systematic reviews are needed to address significant gaps in knowledge about the lawspublic health impact, as are energetic, sustained initiatives to make the findings available to public policy makers.

Mercer, Shawna L.; Popovic, Tanja; Briss, Peter A.; Goodman, Richard A.; Thombley, Melisa L.; Hahn, Robert A.; Fox, Daniel M.

2009-01-01

16

Moving from intersection to integration: public health law research and public health systems and services research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context: For three decades, experts have been stressing the importance of law to the effective operation of public health systems. Most recently, in a 2011 report, the Institute of Medicine recommended a review of state and local public health laws to ensure appropriate authority for public health agencies; adequate access to legal counsel for public health agencies; evaluations of the

Scott Burris; Glen P. Mays; F Douglas Scutchfield; Jennifer K Ibrahim

2012-01-01

17

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This compilation of abstract provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject mat...

1979-01-01

18

The Hawaii Law on Collective Bargaining in Public Employment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In 1972 the Hawaii legislature adopted a resolution requesting the Industrial Relations Center of the University of Hawaii to conduct a comprehensive review of Act 171, the state's public employment collective bargaining law enacted in 1970. Though the Le...

J. Seidman, J. M. Najita

1973-01-01

19

Recent Developments in Public Education Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An analysis of court litigation in issues of school law is equally divided between decisions affecting school districts and those affecting postsecondary institutions. School-district litigation is arranged under the following categories: student rights and responsibilities, special education, employee rights and responsibilities, religion,…

Bartlett, Larry D.; Helms, Lelia B.

20

Public school administrators' knowledge of special education law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge of public school administrators with respect to special education (ESE) law. The study used a sample of 220 public school administrators. A survey instrument was developed consisting of 19 demographic questions and 20 situational scenarios. The scenarios were based on ESE issues of discipline, due process (including IEP procedures), identification,

Lisa Riley Robertson

1996-01-01

21

Moving from Intersection to Integration: Public Health Law Research and Public Health Systems and Services Research  

PubMed Central

Context For three decades, experts have been stressing the importance of law to the effective operation of public health systems. Most recently, in a 2011 report, the Institute of Medicine recommended a review of state and local public health laws to ensure appropriate authority for public health agencies; adequate access to legal counsel for public health agencies; evaluations of the health effects and costs associated with legislation, regulations, and policies; and enhancement of research methods to assess the strength of evidence regarding the health effects of public policies. These recommendations, and the continued interest in law as a determinant of health system performance, speak to the need for integrating the emerging fields of Public Health Law Research (PHLR) and Public Health Systems and Services Research (PHSSR). Methods Expert commentary. Findings This article sets out a unified framework for the two fields and a shared research agenda built around three broad inquiries: (1) the structural role of law in shaping the organization, powers, prerogatives, duties, and limitations of public health agencies and thereby their functioning and ultimately their impact on public health (“infrastructure”); (2) the mechanisms through which public health system characteristics influence the implementation of interventional public health laws (“implementation”); and (3) the individual and system characteristics that influence the ability of public health systems and their community partners to develop and secure enactment of legal initiatives to advance public health (“innovation”). Research to date has laid a foundation of evidence, but progress requires better and more accessible data, a new generation of researchers comfortable in both law and health research, and more rigorous methods. Conclusions The routine integration of law as a salient factor in broader PHSSR studies of public health system functioning and health outcomes will enhance the usefulness of research in supporting practice and the long-term improvement of system performance.

Burris, Scott; Mays, Glen P; Douglas Scutchfield, F; Ibrahim, Jennifer K

2012-01-01

22

The Effect of Public Disclosure Laws on Biomedical Research  

PubMed Central

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and state ‘open-records’ laws govern access to records in the possession of federal agencies and state entities, such as public universities. Although these laws are intended to promote ‘open government’ and to assure the existence of an informed citizenry capable of holding government officials accountable for their decisions, an inherent tension exists between the public's access to information and biomedical research institutions’ need to ensure the confidentiality of proprietary records and to protect the personal safety of employees. Recognizing these and other conflicts, the federal FOIA and state public-disclosure laws contain express exemptions to protect sensitive information from disclosure. Although some state open-records laws are modeled after the federal FOIA, important differences exist based on the language used by the state law, court interpretations, and exemptions. Two specific types of exemptions are particularly relevant to research facilities: exemptions for research information and exemptions for personal information. Responding to FOIA and state open-records requests requires knowledge of relevant laws and the involvement of all interested parties to facilitate a coordinated and orderly response.

Cardon, Andrew D; Bailey, Matthew R; Bennett, B Taylor

2012-01-01

23

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of abstracts provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject matter--e.g., energy and clean water, food and health, foreign investments, ethics in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on House Administration.

24

Public Procurement Law, Public Bodies, and the General Interest: Perspectives from Higher Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract:?This article examines the interaction of EC public procurement law with the legislative framework governing higher education in England and Wales. It focuses on the impact of this interaction on changing status of higher education institutions, organisations that are at the margins of the much-discussed public–private divide in law. The Higher Education Act 2004 is viewed as a driver of

2005-01-01

25

Developing a tool for assessing public health law in countries.  

PubMed

At present, the World Health Organization (WHO) is in the process of developing a tool designed to assess the status of public health legislation in a given country. An Expert Consultation on Public Health Law was convened in Manila, Philippines, in May 2011. The participants agreed that the tool could serve as a guide for a regional approach to assist Member States in assessing the scope, completeness, and adequacy of their public health law. Given the broad definition of "public health" and the laws that affect health, directly or indirectly, the participants further agreed to narrow the field to 4 areas based on significant WHO works/policies, each organized into an independent module: (1) International Digest on Health Law, (2) Primary Health Care, (3) International Health Regulations 2005, and (4) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. The tool would be drafted in a questionnaire format that asks the respondent to determine whether primary and/or subsidiary legislation exists in the country on a specific topic and, if so, to cite the relevant law, describe the pertinent points, and attach and/or link to the full text where available. The participants agreed that the respondents should include government officials and/or academics with legal competency. Version 1 of the tool was piloted in the Philippines, the Republic of Korea, Samoa, and Vanuatu. At a 2nd Expert Consultation on Public Health Law, convened in Incheon, Republic of Korea, in October 2011, in conjunction with the 43rd Conference of the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium on Public Health, the participants determined that the tool was generally usable, certain concerns notwithstanding, such as the risk of standardizing compliance with WHO policies. The agreed next step is to finalize the analysis tool by August 2012, marking the end of stage I in the development process. Stage II will consist of team building and networking of responsible officers and/or professionals in the countries. The tool will be further developed to reflect specific in-country situations. PMID:23034400

Kim, So Yoon; Lee, Yuri; Sohn, Myongsei; Hahm, Ki-Hyun

2012-09-01

26

Weather Modification Decision Making: State Law and Public Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

A three-year sociological study has focused on a comparison of public response and decision-making processes with reference to weather modification projects in a number of states. Weather modification is currently subject to legislative regulation in 29 states. Selected characteristics of these state laws are examined as relevant aspects of decision-making contexts for the technology. Existence of such legislative specifications as

Barbara C. Farhar; Julia Mewes

1975-01-01

27

Major trends in public health law and practice: a network national report.  

PubMed

Since its inception in September 2010, the Network for Public Health Law has responded to hundreds of public health legal technical assistance claims from around the country. Based on a review of these data, a series of major trends in public health practice and the law are analyzed, including issues concerning: the Affordable Care Act, tobacco control, emergency legal preparedness, health information privacy, food policy, vaccination, drug overdose prevention, sports injury law, public health accreditation, and maternal breastfeeding. These and other emerging themes in public health law demonstrate the essential role of law and practice in advancing the public's health. PMID:24088165

Hodge, James G; Barraza, Leila; Bernstein, Jennifer; Chu, Courtney; Collmer, Veda; Davis, Corey; Griest, Megan M; Hammer, Monica S; Krueger, Jill; Lowrey, Kerri McGowan; Orenstein, Daniel G

2013-01-01

28

Programming for Handicapped Students at the Secondary Level: Responding to Public Laws: Administrator's Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed in response to three pieces of legislation (Public Law 94-142, Section 504 of Public Law 93-112, and vocational education legislation in Public Law 94-482), the administrator's manual provides information on planning the full spectrum of appropriate services needed in educational programs for handicapped students at the secondary level.…

Moore, Jean J., Ed.; Engleman, Vance S., Ed.

29

Public health law, human rights and HIV: a work in progress.  

PubMed

Australia has been a global leader in balancing public health law, human rights and HIV. The first National HIV/AIDS Strategy launched in 1989 set the agenda for law reform. The Intergovernmental Committee on AIDS subsequently established a legal working party with one of its key tasks to formulate public health legislation that would protect public health and human rights. The NSW Public Health Act 1991 has provided the framework for managing HIV in NSW over the subsequent decades. Recent changes to criminal law in NSW and opportunities to redefine public health law may affect how HIV transmission risks are managed in the future. PMID:20513311

Clayton, Stevie

2010-01-01

30

76 FR 75949 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel NAGA; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel NAGA; Invitation for Public Comments...build requirement of the coastwise laws under certain circumstances. A request...particular emphasis on bird watching, natural history and catamaran sailing.''...

2011-12-05

31

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. 553.213 Section 553...GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies Exemption...engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. (a) Some public...

2013-07-01

32

Secret Law and the Value of Publicity &ast  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract.?Revelations in the United States of secret legal opinions by the Department of Justice, dramatically altering the conventional interpretations of laws governing torture, interrogation, and surveillance, have made the issue of “secret law” newly prominent. The dangers of secret law from the perspective of democratic accountability are clear, and need no elaboration. But distaste for secret law goes beyond questions

CHRISTOPHER KUTZ

2009-01-01

33

Health Professions Education Partnerships Act of 1998. Public Law 105-392.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the full text of Public Law 105-392, the Health Professions Partnerships Act of 1998, a law which amends the Public Health Service Act to consolidate and reauthorize health professions and minority and disadvantaged health education programs. Title I concerns health professions education and financial assistance programs.…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

34

The Public Safety Impact of Community Notification Laws: Rearrest of Convicted Sex Offenders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sex offender management is one of the highest-profile issues in public safety today. Although states have enacted community notification laws as a means to protect communities from sexual offending, limited research has been conducted to examine the impact of these laws on public safety. As such, this study used a quasi-experimental design to…

Freeman, Naomi J.

2012-01-01

35

The Law Concerning Public Education of Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive overview of state and federal legislation concerning gifted education demonstrates that the primary source of law relating to gifted students is at the state level. Several administrative appeal decisions have been made in Pennsylvania. Litigation to expand entitlement based on federal law has been less successful than…

Zirkel, Perry A.; Stevens, Paul L.

1987-01-01

36

76 FR 49504 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Current Public Collection of Information: Law Enforcement Officer Flying Armed Training AGENCY...database of all Federal, State and local law enforcement agencies that have received the Law Enforcement Officer (LEO) Flying Armed...

2011-08-10

37

Legal aspects of public health: how law frames communicable disease control in Greece.  

PubMed

We reviewed Greek law (legislation, historic Royal Decrees, and modern Presidential ones, 1833-2010) pertinent to control of communicable diseases and compared this body of Greek law with the revised International Health Regulations. Greece authorizes and regulates communicable disease control commensurate with public health risks, and integrates the principles of equality, objectivity, and respect for human rights. Despite strength at the level of principles, Greek law lacks coherence, clarity, and systematization. An inadequate body of regulations means legislation falls short of adequate implementing authority and guidelines; public health authorities often cannot find or understand the laws, nor are they certain about allocation of jurisdictional authority. We identified areas for improvement. PMID:21866179

Hatzianastasiou, Sophia; Pavli, Androula; Maltezou, Helena C

2011-11-01

38

32 CFR Appendix A to Part 47 - Instructions for Submitting Group Applications Under Public Law 95-202  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Instructions for Submitting Group Applications Under Public Law 95-202...DUTY SERVICE FOR CIVILIAN OR CONTRACTUAL GROUPS Pt. 47, App. A Appendix A to Part 47âInstructions for Submitting Group Applications Under Public Law...

2013-07-01

39

Awareness and attitude to the law banning smoking in public places in Osun State, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Objective This study determined the awareness and attitude towards the Osun state prohibition of smoking in public places law. Method Descriptive cross-sectional study design. 520 consenting respondents recruited using a convenience sampling method were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire covering their smoking pattern, awareness and attitude towards the law of prohibition of smoking in public places in Osun State. Data analyzed using descriptive and chi-square statistics. Results Only 38% were aware of the law while none had seen the document. Fifty six percent felt cigarette smoking is a problem that required the law to be implemented, while only 20% agreed that the law will stop tobacco use. The radio (58%), bill boards (45%) and newspapers (44%) were the major sources of awareness of the law. The perception of risk posed to the public and family health by cigarette smoking was poor among the participants. Conclusion There is poor awareness and attitude to the law of prohibition of smoking in public places in Osun State. It is necessary to increase sensitization of the general public and enforcement of the law.

2014-01-01

40

The Impact of the Law on the Practice of Public Relations Discourse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of the literature useful for public relations researchers and students explored the primary legal concerns that public relations practitioners face, including first amendment rights, insider trading, regulations when working with foreign organizations, disclosure, privacy, copyright/trademark law, advertising, and defamation. Public

Pohl, Gayle M.

41

78 FR 22761 - Delegation of Functions Under Sections 404 and 406 of Public Law 112-208  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Delegation of Functions Under Sections 404 and 406 of Public Law 112-208 Presidential...2013 Delegation of Functions Under Sections 404 and 406 of Public Law 112-208 Memorandum...conferred upon the President by sections 404 and 406 of Public Law 112-208 as...

2013-04-16

42

78 FR 70097 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BEE; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BEE; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel BEE is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Skippered day...

2013-11-22

43

78 FR 30388 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel OSPREY; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel OSPREY; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel OSPREY is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Passenger...

2013-05-22

44

78 FR 37659 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel ORCA; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel ORCA; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel ORCA is: Intended Commercial Use Of Vessel: ``commercial...

2013-06-21

45

78 FR 13752 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SPIRIT; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SPIRIT; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel SPIRIT is: Intended Commercial Use Of Vessel: ``Private...

2013-02-28

46

77 FR 22631 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SPIRIT; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SPIRIT; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel SPIRIT is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Coastwise...

2012-04-16

47

A Viewer's Guide to Copyright Law: What Every School, College and Public Library Should Know.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document covers the copyright law in order to give schools, colleges, and public libraries the information they need to use video technology. The first section contains frequently asked questions about copyright law. The second section covers developing copyright guidelines. A sample permission letter for off-air videotaping is given to serve…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Instructional Technology Development.

48

Paternalism & Its Discontents: Motorcycle Helmet Laws, Libertarian Values, and Public Health  

PubMed Central

The history of motorcycle helmet legislation in the United States reflects the extent to which concerns about individual liberties have shaped the public health debate. Despite overwhelming epidemiological evidence that motorcycle helmet laws reduce fatalities and serious injuries, only 20 states currently require all riders to wear helmets. During the past 3 decades, federal government efforts to push states toward enactment of universal helmet laws have faltered, and motorcyclists’ advocacy groups have been successful at repealing state helmet laws. This history raises questions about the possibilities for articulating an ethics of public health that would call upon government to protect citizens from their own choices that result in needless morbidity and suffering.

Jones, Marian Moser; Bayer, Ronald

2007-01-01

49

Achieving public health legal preparedness: how dissonant views on public health law threaten emergency preparedness and response  

PubMed Central

Background Effective management of modern public health emergencies requires the coordinated efforts of multiple agencies representing various disciplines. Organizational culture differences between public health (PH) and emergency management (EM) entities may hinder inter-agency collaboration. We examine how PH and EM differ in their approach to PH law and how such differences affect their collaboration towards PH preparedness. Methods We conducted 144 semi-structured interviews with local and state PH and EM officials between April 2008 and November 2009. Thematic qualitative analysis in ATLAS.ti was used to extract characteristics of each agency's approach to PH legal preparedness. Results Two conflicting approaches to the law emerge. The PH approach is characterized by perceived uncertainty regarding legal authority over preparedness planning tasks; expectation for guidance on interpretation of existing laws; and concern about individual and organizational liability. The EM approach reveals perception of broad legal authority; flexible interpretation of existing laws; and ethical concerns over infringement of individual freedoms and privacy. Conclusions Distinct interpretations of preparedness law impede effective collaboration for PH preparedness. Clarification of legal authority mandates, designation within laws of scope of preparedness activities and guidance on interpretation of current federal and state laws are needed.

Botoseneanu, Anda; Wu, Helen; Wasserman, Jeffrey; Jacobson, Peter D.

2011-01-01

50

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Fifty-one. Wisconsin  

Microsoft Academic Search

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Wisconsin governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and

D. A. Feurer; C. L. Weaver

1981-01-01

51

Don't Shoot the Messenger: Public Relations for Law Enforcement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This communication project provides an overview of public relations as seen through the communication arts. It is specifically focused to give law enforcement officers a general review of the practice of public relations, communication basics, and an understanding of the media. This course also provides the facilitator with multiple tools for…

Baxter, David S.

2013-01-01

52

Electronic cigarettes: smoke-free laws, sale restrictions, and the public health.  

PubMed

Consumer use of e-cigarettes is rising despite a lack of rigorous safety testing, manufacturing controls, and a well-understood risk profile. Many states and municipalities have prohibited e-cigarette sale to minors or amended their smoke-free laws to restrict public use. I discuss the public health impact of e-cigarettes and the current lack of Food and Drug Administration regulation, and advocate that states and localities reexamine their smoke-free laws and sale restrictions to appropriately regulate public use and youth access. PMID:24825224

Paradise, Jordan

2014-06-01

53

Pandemic influenza control in Europe and the constraints resulting from incoherent public health laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: With the emergence of influenza H1N1v the world is facing its first 21st century global pandemic. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and avian influenza H5N1 prompted development of pandemic preparedness plans. National systems of public health law are essential for public health stewardship and for the implementation of public health policy1. International coherence will contribute to effective regional and

Robyn Martin; Alexandra Conseil; Abie Longstaff; Jimmy Kodo; Joachim Siegert; Anne-Marie Duguet; Paula Lobato de Faria; George Haringhuizen; Jaime Espin; Richard Coker

2010-01-01

54

Web Access and the Law: A Public Policy Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Details the public policy framework that establishes the legal foundation for requiring access to Web-based information resources for people with disabilities. Highlights include fair use doctrine in regards to disability access to digital information; American with Disabilities Act; and Sections 504 and 508 of the Rehabilitation Act. (Author/LRW)

Noble, Steve

2002-01-01

55

Public Law 105-390. 105th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the text of the Police, Fire, and Emergency Officers Educational Assistance Act of 1998. This Act provides higher education financial assistance to the dependents of federal, state, and local public safety officers who are killed, or permanently and totally disabled as the result of a traumatic injury sustained in the line…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

56

76 FR 6171 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting on Family Law The Department of State, Office of Legal Adviser, Office...the safe return of the child; (5) allegations of domestic violence; (6) the views of the child; (7) enforcement of...

2011-02-03

57

Silencing marcellus: when the law fractures public health.  

PubMed

We tend to think of conflict as bad and compromise as good. But how should we view conflict that exposes potential threats to the environment and health? And what about a compromise between litigants that may adversely affect the interests of third parties or undermine public health? There can be few places in the country where this issue has become more pressing than in my home state, Pennsylvania. The hydraulic fracturing of natural gas in the Marcellus Shale has transformed lives and landscapes here, mainly in rural communities with low-income populations. The Hallowich family is a case in point. PMID:24634038

Marks, Jonathan H

2014-03-01

58

The Association of State Law to Physical Education Time Allocation in US Public Schools  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined whether public schools in states with specific and stringent physical education (PE) laws, as assessed by the Physical Education–Related State Policy Classification System (PERSPCS), available on the Classification of Laws Associated with School Students (C.L.A.S.S.) Web site, reported more weekly PE time in the most recent School Health Policies and Programs Survey (SHPPS). Methods. Schools (n?=?410) were grouped by their state’s PERSPCS time requirement scores (none, nonspecific requirement, or specific requirement). Average weekly school-level PE was calculated using the SHPPS-reported PE minutes. Weighted analyses determined if PE minutes/week differed by PERSPCS group. Results. Schools in states with specific requirement laws averaged over 27 and 60 more PE minutes/week at the elementary and middle school levels, respectively, compared with schools within states with nonspecific laws and over 40 and 60 more PE minutes per week, respectively, compared with elementary and middle schools in states with no laws. High school results were nonsignificant. Conclusions. Public health guidelines recommend at least 60 minutes of daily physical activity for children, and PE may further this goal. Strong codified law with specific time requirements for PE may be an important tool contributing toward adequate PE time and daily physical activity recommendations.

Oh, April; Chriqui, Jamie F.; Masse, Louise C.; Atienza, Audie A.; Nebeling, Linda; Agurs-Collins, Tanya; Moser, Richard P.; Dodd, Kevin W.

2012-01-01

59

Paternalism and its discontents: motorcycle helmet laws, libertarian values, and public health.  

PubMed

The history of motorcycle helmet legislation in the United States reflects the extent to which concerns about individual liberties have shaped the public health debate. Despite overwhelming epidemiological evidence that motorcycle helmet laws reduce fatalities and serious injuries, only 20 states currently require all riders to wear helmets. During the past 3 decades, federal government efforts to push states toward enactment of universal helmet laws have faltered, and motorcyclists' advocacy groups have been successful at repealing state helmet laws. This history raises questions about the possibilities for articulating an ethics of public health that would call upon government to protect citizens from their own choices that result in needless morbidity and suffering. PMID:17194856

Jones, Marian Moser; Bayer, Ronald

2007-02-01

60

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90 Section 102-80.90 Public Contracts...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? Yes, the Fire Administration Authorization Act of...

2013-07-01

61

Performance Evaluation of Federal Administrative Law JudgesChallenge for Public Administration?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federal administrative law judges (ALJs) are among the few classified service employees who are exempted from periodic performance review. The purpose is to protect their decisional independence from encroachment by the agencies that employ them. Given the interest of the public administration community in performance evaluation, this article reviews and analyzes recent attempts to answer the question of who should

Lloyd Musolf

1998-01-01

62

A Review of Federal Law and Discipline for Public School Students with Disabilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the current status of federal special education law as it relates to discipline for students with disabilities in public schools. Designed to help local school administrators be equipped to successfully implement school discipline while being in compliance with the regulations' mandates. (Contains 19 references.) (MLF)

Spurka, Edward J.

2003-01-01

63

The Public Law Outline and Family Group Conferences in Childcare Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United Kingdom, the Children Act (1989) states that children are best brought up with their families. However, if a child is suffering from or likely to suffer from significant harm, then the local authorities may initiate care proceedings under section 31 of the Children Act (1989). The Public Law Outline is a judicial case management tool…

Evans, Carly Anne

2011-01-01

64

Monitoring Manual for Determining Compliance with Public Law 94-142. Revised July 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual assists South Carolina service providers in their efforts to comply with components of Public Law 94-142, Education of All Handicapped Children Act, in order to assure that handicapped children receive an appropriate education. The manual is designed as an evaluation tool for school districts to record areas of compliance and to…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Programs for the Handicapped.

65

Public Law 93-579, 93rd Congress, S. 3418. "Privacy Act of 1974".  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the announced purpose of protecting the privacy of individuals identified in information systems maintained by Federal agencies, Public Law 93-579 regulates the collection, maintenance, use and dissemination of personal information by the agencies. The act enables an individual to determine what records are being kept; to have access to them,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House.

66

Prompt Payment Act (Public Law 97-177) Current Implementation Initiatives and Alternatives.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Government agencies are required by Public Law 97-177 to pay interest penalty payments to vendors for all bills not paid by a specified due date. The purpose of this study was to investigate the implementation procedures developed by the U.S. Air Force, U...

D. G. Matthews

1983-01-01

67

Patenting and Arid Frontier: Use and Abuse of the Public Land Laws in Owens Valley, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five nineteenth-century policies for alienating the federal public domain only partially fulfilled their objectives when applied in the arid setting of Owens Valley, California. The Homestead Law was most successful in advancing the family farm ideal, to judge by the persistence of small holdings several decades after land entry. Preemption claims, coincident in time and space with homesteading, were more

Robert A. Sauder

1989-01-01

68

Private Governments or Public Policy Tools? The Law and Public Policy of New Jersey's Special Improvement Districts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business improvement districts (BIDs)—special districts usually governed by business and property owners—have been portrayed by some observers as private governments serving narrow commercial interests and by others as policy tools—instruments employed by states and general-purpose local governments to mobilize resources and advance public purposes. We use data from case law, case studies of local practices, and a statewide survey of

Jonathan B. Justice; Robert S. Goldsmith

2006-01-01

69

The modernization of American public law: health care reform and popular constitutionalism.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) transformed U.S. public law in crucial ways extending far beyond health care. As important as were the doctrinal shifts wrought by National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, the ACA's structural changes to public law likely will prove far more important should they become entrenched. The struggle over the ACA has triggered the kind of "constitutional moment" that has largely replaced Article V's formal amendment procedure since the Prohibition fiasco. The Court participates in this process, but the definitive and enduring character of these constitutional moments' outcomes springs from broad popular engagement. Despite the Court's ruling and the outcome of the 2012 elections, the battle over whether to implement or shelve the ACA will continue unabated, both federally and in the states, until We the People render a clear decision. Whether the ACA survives or fails will determine the basic principles that guide the development of federalism, social insurance, tax policy, and privatization for decades to come. In each of these areas, the New Deal bequeathed us a delicate accommodation between traditionalist social values and modernizing norms of economic efficiency and interest group liberalism. This balance has come under increasing stress, with individual laws rejecting tradition far more emphatically than the New Deal did. But absent broad popular engagement, no definitive new principles could be established. The ACA's entrenchment would elevate technocratic norms across public law, the first change of our fundamental law since the civil rights revolution. The ACA's failure would rejuvenate individualistic, moralistic, pre-New Deal norms and allow opponents to attempt a counterrevolution against technocracy. PMID:24834539

Super, David A

2014-04-01

70

Strengthening the United States' database protection laws: balancing public access and private control.  

PubMed

This paper develops three arguments for increasing the strength of database protection under U.S. law. First, stronger protections would encourage private investment in database development, and private databases have many potential benefits for science and industry. Second, stronger protections would discourage extensive use of private licenses to protect databases and would allow for greater public control over database laws and policies. Third, stronger database protections in the U.S. would harmonize U.S. and E.U. laws and would thus enhance international trade, commerce, and research. The U.S. should therefore follow the European example and develop two tiers of protection for databases: 1) protection for creative databases under copyright law; 2) protection for non-creative databases through a special type of sui generis protection. In order to balance private control of data and public access to data, sui generis protections should define a "fair use" exemption that permits some unauthorized extraction of data for private, educational, and research purposes, provided that such extraction does not adversely impact the economic value of the database. PMID:12971291

Resnik, David B

2003-07-01

71

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Fifty-one. Wisconsin  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Wisconsin governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

72

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Fifty-two. Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Wyoming governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

73

Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case involving the mental health rights of children is currently working its way toward the Supreme Court. That case, Bartley v. Kremens, challenges the power of parents to institutionalize their children in mental hospitals or institutions for the retarded without due process of law. (Author/RK)

Ellis, James W.

1976-01-01

74

45 CFR 287.20 - May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

45 Public Welfare 2 2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program? 287.20 Section 287.20 Public Welfare OFFICE OF FAMILY ASSISTANCE (ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS), ADMINISTRATION...

2013-10-01

75

Prevalence and public health implications of state laws that criminalize potential HIV exposure in the United States.  

PubMed

For the past three decades, legislative approaches to prevent HIV transmission have been used at the national, state, and local levels. One punitive legislative approach has been enactment of laws that criminalize behaviors associated with HIV exposure (HIV-specific criminal laws). In the USA, HIV-specific criminal laws have largely been shaped by state laws. These laws impose criminal penalties on persons who know they have HIV and subsequently engage in certain behaviors, most commonly sexual activity without prior disclosure of HIV-positive serostatus. These laws have been subject to intense public debate. Using public health law research methods, data from the legal database WestlawNext© were analyzed to describe the prevalence and characteristics of laws that criminalize potential HIV exposure in the 50 states (plus the District of Columbia) and to examine the implications of these laws for public health practice. The first state laws were enacted in 1986; as of 2011 a total of 67 laws had been enacted in 33 states. By 1995, nearly two-thirds of all laws had been enacted; by 2000, 85 % of laws had been enacted; and since 2000, an additional 10 laws have been enacted. Twenty-four states require persons who are aware that they have HIV to disclose their status to sexual partners and 14 states require disclosure to needle-sharing partners. Twenty-five states criminalize one or more behaviors that pose a low or negligible risk for HIV transmission. Nearly two-thirds of states in the USA have legislation that criminalizes potential HIV exposure. Many of these laws criminalize behaviors that pose low or negligible risk for HIV transmission. The majority of laws were passed before studies showed that antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces HIV transmission risk and most laws do not account for HIV prevention measures that reduce transmission risk, such as condom use, ART, or pre-exposure prophylaxis. States with HIV-specific criminal laws are encouraged to use the findings of this paper to re-examine those laws, assess the laws' alignment with current evidence regarding HIV transmission risk, and consider whether the laws are the best vehicle to achieve their intended purposes. PMID:24633716

Lehman, J Stan; Carr, Meredith H; Nichol, Allison J; Ruisanchez, Alberto; Knight, David W; Langford, Anne E; Gray, Simone C; Mermin, Jonathan H

2014-06-01

76

78 FR 64284 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BIG OL; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BIG OL; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel BIG OL is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Limited 6...

2013-10-28

77

42 CFR 411.7 - Services that must be furnished at public expense under a Federal law or Federal Government...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...in accordance with a law of, or a contract with, the United States. (b) Exception. Payment may be made for services that a hospital or SNF of the Indian Health Service is obligated to furnish at public...

2011-10-01

78

76 FR 9072 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting on Jurisdiction and the Recognition and Enforcement...meeting to discuss issues relating to jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement...44/2001 of 22 December 2001 on jurisdiction and the recognition and...

2011-02-16

79

PRELIMINARY DRAFT (10\\/11\\/04) Public vs. Private Enforcement of International Economic Law: Of Standing and Remedy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Like all bodies of law, the public international law of trade and investment requires an enforcement mechanism. The choices to be made in designing such a mechanism are many. Parties to trade and investment agreements must decide whether to create an adjudicative body to hear complaints about alleged breach of obligations, or to rely on informal diplomacy. They must decide

Alan O. Sykes

80

Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

2007-08-02

81

Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431: Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This report is the appendices to a companion report, prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

2007-08-02

82

Establishment of Environmental Protection in Basic Law. Public Hearing of the Law Committee of the German Bundestag on October 14, 1987.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The legislature faces difficult problems when it has to decide how it can most effectively contribute to a realization of environmental protection. The aim of the public hearing set up by the Law Committee was to prepare the ground for this decision and t...

1988-01-01

83

International Law and the Society of Nations: An Introduction to Public International Law in the 1990s. Cases and Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This casebook on international law was developed by high school students around the globe and emphasizes the important role that students can play in furthering international law education. The text provides teachers and students with a summary review of 25 major cases heard by the International Court of Justice, along with additional materials.…

King, Jason Scott, Ed.; Scurti, Jason, Ed.; And Others

84

Interhospital transfers, the COBRA Law (1985), and the use of a public assistance health plan.  

PubMed

Public outcry regarding unsafe interhospital patient transfers led to the passage of the COBRA Law of 1985. Since its implementation in 1986, the law has been sharply criticized for its sporadic enforcement, narrow focus, and lack of care provisions for the poor. We reviewed retrospectively the charts of all emergency department patients transferred from two Milwaukee private hospitals during two identical 6-month periods in 1985-1986 and 1988-1989. We compared demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients transferred during the two periods. The emergency departments cared for 15% of Milwaukee's emergency patient population and transferred 216 and 200 patients during each respective period. Uninsured transfers fell from 32% to 17% of the study populations. Although the proportion of the local population belonging to a health maintenance organization (HMO) did not change, transfer of HMO patients increased from 14% to 27%. Transfers to the area's various tertiary care centers made up 21% and 35% of all transfers and were conducted without regard to insurance status. There was a fourfold increase in the use of the county's public assistance plan for emergency hospitalization of indigent patients at local hospitals. Although the number of uninsured patients transferred from the study hospitals decreased markedly, this decrease was counterbalanced by increased private hospital use of the county's emergency hospitalization plan for indigent patients. This successful plan bears further examination by health policy planners as an important model for the provision of emergency hospitalization for the indigent. PMID:8235770

Kerr, H D; Byrd, J C; Stuart, R W; Whitcomb, J

1993-11-01

85

California Library Statistics, 2009: Fiscal Year 2007-2008 from Public, Academic, Special and County Law Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year the State Library sends annual report forms to California's public, academic, special, state agency, and county law libraries. Statistical data from those reports are tabulated in this publication, with directory listings published in the companion volume, "California Library Directory." For this fiscal year, 389 libraries of all types…

Bray, Ira, Ed.

2009-01-01

86

29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...1604âQuestions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...President Carter signed into law the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Pub. L....

2010-07-01

87

29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...1604âQuestions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...President Carter signed into law the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Pub. L....

2009-07-01

88

Nanotechnology in global medicine and human biosecurity: private interests, policy dilemmas, and the calibration of public health law.  

PubMed

This paper considers how best to approach dilemmas posed to global health and biosecurity policy by increasing advances in practical applications of nanotechnology. The type of nano-technology policy dilemmas discussed include: (1) expenditure of public funds, (2) public-funded research priorities, (3) public confidence in government and science and, finally, (4) public safety. The article examines the value in this context of a legal obligation that the development of relevant public health law be calibrated against less corporate-influenced norms issuing from bioethics and international human rights. PMID:18076514

Faunce, Thomas A

2007-01-01

89

Cannabis, pesticides and conflicting laws: The dilemma for legalized States and implications for public health.  

PubMed

State laws on the legalization of medical and recreational cannabis are rapidly evolving. Similar to other crops, cannabis is susceptible to multiple pests during cultivation. Growers have an economic incentive to produce large yields and high quality plants, and may resort to pesticides to achieve these outcomes. Currently, there are no pesticides registered for cannabis in the United States, given its illegal status by the federal government. This discrepancy creates a regulatory vacuum and dilemma for States with legal medical and recreational cannabis that seek to balance lawful compliance with pesticides and worker or public health. Pesticide use presents occupational safety issues that can be mitigated through established worker protection measures. The absence of approved products for cannabis may result in consumer exposures to otherwise more hazardous pesticides or higher residue levels. While many legal and scientific hurdles exist to register conventional pesticides for use on cannabis, legalized States have explored other opportunities to leverage the present regulatory infrastructure. Stakeholder engagement and outreach to the cannabis industry from credible sources could mitigate pesticide misuse and harm. PMID:24859075

Stone, Dave

2014-08-01

90

75 FR 67023 - Delegation of Waiver Authority Pursuant to Section 107(a) of Public Law 110-457  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...20, 2010 Delegation of Waiver Authority Pursuant to Section 107(a) of Public Law 110-457 Memorandum for the Secretary of...to you the functions conferred upon the President by section 107(a) of the William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims...

2010-11-01

91

Information and the War against Terrorism, Part II: Were American Intelligence and Law Enforcement Effectively Positioned To Protect the Public?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the legal response to terrorism following the September 11th attacks and questions whether American intelligence and law enforcement are positioned to protect the public in an effective manner. Highlights include the business of intelligence; the collection of information; use of technology; the need to improve information sharing; and…

Strickland, Lee S.

2002-01-01

92

Special Features of the Author-Publication Relationship and a New Explanation of Lotka's Law Based on Convolution Theory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses structural differences between author-publication systems and journal-article systems, i.e., articles can have more than one author. Frequency functions are examined; and a new conceptual explanation of Lotka's Law, based on convolution theory, is proposed. (Contains eight references.) (LRW)

Egghe, L.

1994-01-01

93

A Report on the Administration and Operation of Title I of Public Law 874, Eighty-First Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on the administration and operation of Title I of Public Law 874 is a descriptive and evaluative study of the Federal Impact Aid Program. Chapter one discusses the history and basic elements of the program, and the plan of study used in the evaluation. The methodology of the study, which includes the characteristics and validity of the…

Commission on the Review of the Federal Impact Aid Program, Washington, DC.

94

State Farm-to-School Laws Influence the Availability of Fruits and Vegetables in School Lunches at US Public Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: State laws and farm-to-school programs (FTSPs) have the potential to increase fruit and vegetable (FV) availability in school meals. This study examined whether FV were more available in public elementary school lunches in states with a law requiring/encouraging FTSPs or with a locally grown-related law, and whether the relationship…

Nicholson, Lisa; Turner, Lindsey; Schneider, Linda; Chriqui, Jamie; Chaloupka, Frank

2014-01-01

95

National Audubon Society v. Superior Court: a watershed case integrating the public trust doctrine and California water law  

SciTech Connect

Audobon v. Superior Court is a ''watershed'' case in its integration of the public trust doctrine within traditional water law. The public trust doctrine requires the state to exercise a duty of continued supervision over the taking and use of appropriated water. As a result, the state must periodically balance the economic interests served by the water appropriations with the ecological and recreational interests protected under the public trust. The state can best meet this burden by adopting a balancing procedure that includes comprehensive, long-term planning of the economic effects and ecological interests in water appropriation. 78 references.

Gaylord, R.K.

1983-01-01

96

77 FR 22326 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended by Public Law 100-503; Notice of a Computer Matching Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...by Public Law 100-503; Notice of a Computer Matching Program AGENCY: Office of Financial...Information System (PARIS) notice of a computer matching program between the Department...amended by Public Law 100-503, the Computer Matching and Privacy Protection Act...

2012-04-13

97

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 § 102-80.90 Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to...

2009-07-01

98

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 § 102-80.90 Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to...

2010-07-01

99

RUIr81ll Perspectives on Special Education in Transition: Public Law lOSe1't, Amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes to thepolicy requiring the provision ofspecial education beingprovided in the nation's schools have re­ cently been enacted. The1997Amendmentsto the Individuals withDisabilities Education Act, Public Law 105-17, extend the values ofequity, efficiency, and choice upon which Public Law94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of1975, was enacted and implemented. The changes to the law are subtle, yet significant, and

Terry R. Berkeley

1998-01-01

100

45 CFR 507.1 - Payments under the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended by Public Law 91-289.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

45 Public Welfare 3 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Payments under the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended by Public Law 91-289. 507.1 Section 507.1 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare...

2013-10-01

101

Public Water Supplies: The Effect of Federal and Tennessee Water Resource Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The water law in Tennessee was determined by a legal evaluation of Tennessee statutes and case as they affect Tennessee's water supplies. Once the existing law was determined, it was evaluated for its effect upon securing adequate water supplies for publi...

V. A. Sikora

1979-01-01

102

Ethnicity, Law and the Social Good. Volume II. Ethnicity and Public Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume examines the relationship between ethnicity and the law, looking at the two, first in principle and then as they relate to education, employment, and neighborhoods. Philosophically, the papers included in the book represent 4 different perspectives: (1) that the law should recognize only individual rights and that membership in an…

Van Horne, Winston A., Ed.; Tonnesen, Thomas V., Ed.

103

Academic reference librarians : Getting by with a little help from our (special, public, school, law and medical librarian) friends  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this viewpoint paper is to consider how academic reference librarians might be guided by non-academic librarians as their roles shift and\\/or expand in a many different directions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Connections between the work of academic reference librarians and the work of public, special, school, law and medical librarians are drawn. Areas where expertise can be

Dianne Cmor

2010-01-01

104

78 FR 9038 - Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Acceptance of Group Application Under Public Law 95-202...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Air Force Acceptance of Group Application Under Public Law 95-202 and...Review Board has accepted an application on behalf of a group known as...support for the Site 85 operation, High Altitude Relay Project (HARP),...

2013-02-07

105

"Street art" draws attention of the public, potential investors, and law enforcement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Blek le Rat, the man who gave birth to Banksyhttp://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/visual_arts/article4066727.eceBanksy [Macromedia Flash Player]http://www.banksy.co.uk/Tate Modern: Street Arthttp://www.tate.org.uk/modern/exhibitions/streetart/default.shtmTIME: Art of the Street Photo Essayhttp://www.time.com/time/photoessays/street_art/Streetarthttp://streetart.antville.org/Many experts and neophytes throughout the ages have asked, "What is art?" Some say there must be a mission statement or intentionality to have real "art", and others say that the matter is completely subjective. Some have created distinctions of "high" and "low" art to distinguish between the work of the Old Masters, for example, and that of young Turks who go around creating street art. One of these young Turks is the Bristol-born Banksy, who is well known for his graffiti projects across the world. Appearing almost out of nowhere, his work has included snarky representations of Queen Elizabeth II, law enforcement representatives, and deeply cynical send-ups of consumer culture. In recent times, Banksy's work, along with fellow street artists like Swoon, has garnered significant attention from cultural critics, the general public, and people who are plain furious about what they call defacement of property. Recently, a piece by Jennifer Hill at Reuters took a close look at the growing interest among investors in such work, even though the work sometimes appears on large buildings and structures, and therefore cannot be moved or modified due to its placement. Financial planner Christine Ross at the SG Hambros Private Bank noted that in thinking about the rising value of such work, "When you come to sell, who knows where the market will be? It can very much depend on what's in vogue. While you'll probably find a buyer for most pieces, at what price?" The first link will take users to a piece by Jennifer Hill from Reuters UK about the rising interest in various types of street art. The second link leads to an article from the Times Online about the "grand old man" of street art, Blek le Rat. Moving on, the third link leads to the homepage of the elusive Banksy. On the site, visitors can learn about his work, and even download a few works for their own personal use. The fourth link leads to information about a current exhibit at the Tate Modern in London, which presents the work of six internationally, acclaimed street artists. The exhibition looks quite fascinating, and well worth a visit. The fifth link leads to an interactive photo essay from TIME which offers up a selection of street art from artists such as WK, Miss Van, and Pez. The final link whisks visitors away to the collaborative weblog "Streetart" which is a place for "photos of DIY posters, guerilla stickers, home-made stencils, etc.".

Grinnell, Max

2008-06-13

106

An Analysis of Five Major Public Laws and Their Impact on the Handicapped.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study developed and tested a systematic format for discovering and displaying relationships among five major federal laws concerning the handicapped: P.L. 93-112 (Rehabilitation Act of 1973), P.L. 93-380 (Education Amendments of 1974), P.L. 94-63 (Special Health Revenue Sharing Act of 1974), P.L. 94-103 (Developmentally Disabled Assistance and…

King, John D.; Humphrey, Jackie Hance

107

Youth Tobacco Sales-to-Minors and Possession-Use-Purchase Laws: A Public Health Controversy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tobacco use among youth remains one of our nation's most significant public health problems, and yet available evidence from prevention and cessation person-centered approaches has been mixed. Given these disappointing outcomes, some have recommended more public health approaches, and these include tobacco sales-to-minors and…

Jason, Leonard A.; Pokorny, Steven B.; Muldowney, Kathleen; Velez, Melissa

2005-01-01

108

Culturally and Linguistically Competent Public Services in an Era of English-Only Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concern this study addressed centered around the challenges of delivering culturally and linguistically competent public services to limited English proficiency (LEP) persons in an era marked by growth of English-only measures in the U.S. The article argued that restrictions on public service delivery to LEP communities are laden with negative effects that include impairment of the nation's obligations in

Philip C. Aka; Lucinda M. Deason

2011-01-01

109

Hawai'i air quality monitoring assessment: some effects of Hawai'i's smoke-free work and public places law.  

PubMed

In November 2006, the Smoke-Free Work and Public Places Law passed to protect people from secondhand smoke in Hawai'i. An air-quality monitoring assessment to determine the difference this law made in air quality was conducted at 15 bars/restaurants. Levels of particulate matter (PM2.5) at enclosed (indoor) venues fell 90% after implementation of the law while partially enclosed restaurants/bars were all below the EPA 24 hour average limit both before and after the law. PMID:18678206

Pobutsky, Ann; Krupitsky, Dmitry; Kanja, Mildred Lum; Lipsher, Julian

2008-06-01

110

Oklahoma State Plan, FY 88-90: Part B of the Education of the Handicapped Act as amended by Public Law 94-142.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Oklahoma state plan documents the policies and procedures that public and private schools, agencies, and institutions follow when providing special education and related services to handicapped children, consistent with Public Law 94-142. Part I includes submission statements and certifications. Part II contains policies, procedures, and…

Oklahoma State Dept. of Education, Oklahoma City. Div. of Special Education.

111

Tenure, Civil Rights Laws, Inclusive Contracts, and Fear: Legal Protection and the Lives of Self-Identified Lesbian, Gay Male, and Bisexual Public School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings of a study that examined the results of tenure and legal protection on lesbian, gay male, and bisexual public school teachers. Specifically, it describes the effect of tenure, state laws, inclusive contracts, and local ordinances on the openness and public identities of gay teachers. A total of 904 out of 1,400…

Juul, Thomas Patrick

112

Administration of Public Laws 81-874 & 81-815. Twenty-Sixth Annual Report of the Commissioner of Education, June 30, 1976. (Appendix A of the Annual Report of the U.S. Commissioner of Education, Fiscal Year 1976.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the 26th report concerning administration of Public Law 81-874 and Public Law 81-815, as amended, including a detailed statement of receipts and disbursements, for the fiscal year ending June 30, l976. The laws are concerned with aid to federally impacted areas, specifically for maintenance and operation, construction, and disaster relief.…

Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.

113

The Fugitive: Evidence on Public versus Private Law Enforcement from Bail Jumping  

Microsoft Academic Search

On the day of their trial, a substantial number of felony defendants fail to appear. Public police have the primary responsibility for pursuing and rearresting defendants who were released on their own recognizance or on cash or government bail. Defendants who made bail by borrowing from a bond dealer, however, must worry about an entirely different pursuer. When a defendant

Eric Helland; Alexander Tabarrok

2004-01-01

114

The Future of Communicable Disease Control: Toward a New Concept in Public Health Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

ach s tate, t hrough t he e xercise o f i ts police powers, has the constitutional prerogative to intervene in the private sphere when necessary for the preservation of the health, safety, and morals of the community. Pursuant to this consti- tutional authority, all states and many localities have enacted public health statutes designed to control the spread

LARRY G OSTIN

115

Inequities in Mass Communication Law: The FCC's Application of the Duopoly Rule to Public Broadcasting.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-part petition was filed in December 1974 with the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) which presented the first serious threat to public broadcasters' exemption from the FCC's multiple-ownership rules. The petition requested a revision of the rules that permit multiple ownership of noncommercial educational stations within a single…

Avery, Robert K.

116

Public relations and the law in crisis mode: Texaco’s initial reaction to incriminating tapes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public relations specialists and lawyers are given many opportunities to work together, but the collaboration may not always be a “marriage made in heaven.” In times of crisis, that collaboration may be more of a “shotgun wedding,” with two very different professional perspectives forced into a quick merger. What is born of that crisis depends in part on what each

Elizabeth A Hoger; Lisa L Swem

2000-01-01

117

Colleges, the Government, and the Public Debate Value of the "Right to Know" Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1990 Student Right to Know and Campus Security Act, designed to raise public awareness of college crime, is criticized for requiring institutions to gather large amounts of information that is used little by students or parents. Other criticisms focus on incompleteness of the data and potential for superficial and misleading comparisons. (MSE)

Ornstein, Charles

1994-01-01

118

Pornography: The Issues and the Law. Public Affairs Pamphlet No. 477.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet, one of a series published by the Public Affairs Committee, presents an overview of some of the legal and social issues raised about pornography and obscenity. (The author regards these two terms as synonymous.) The pamphlet first presents a brief history of the censorship of books in England, the American colonies, and the United…

Norwick, Kenneth P.

119

The Role and Purposes of Public Schools and Religious Fundamentalism: An International Human Rights Law Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of what are today the legitimate and proper role and purposes of public schools can only be answered by a close examination and analysis of the human right to education which has been developed by such international organizations as the United Nations and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, and by…

Hodgson, Douglas Charles

2012-01-01

120

77 FR 37062 - Intent To Request Approval From OMB of One New Public Collection of Information: Office of Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Collection of Information: Office of Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal Service...operators for the provision of law enforcement officers (LEOs) to support...which is run by the Office of Law Enforcement/Federal Air Marshal...

2012-06-20

121

law, economic analysis of  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the economic analysis of five primary fields of law: property law; liability for accidents; contract law; litigation; and public enforcement and criminal law. It also briefly considers some criticisms of the economic analysis of law. Keywords adverse possession; asymmetric information; Becker, G.; Bentham, J.; bona fide purchase rule; Coase, R.; collective action; compensated takings; contract formation; contractual

A. Mitchell Polinsky; Steven Shavell

122

Energy and water development appropriations: Public Law 99-141-November 1, 1985. Ninety-Ninth Congress  

SciTech Connect

Appropriations under Public Law 99-141 for energy and water development are divided into five titles. Title I funds projects for general construction, flood control and coastal emergencies, and other civilian expenses of the Army Corps of Engineers. Title II covers the work of the Bureau of Reclamation and other programs of the Department of the Interior, such as fire control, aircraft facilities, and response to natural disasters under the Department of the Interior. Title III appropriates funds for uranium production and enrichment, the disposal of nuclear wastes, and atomic energy defense activities under DOE, as well as power marketing, administrative expenses of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, and development of geothermal resources. Title IV funds independent agencies, including the Nuclear Regulatory Commission and the Tennessee Valley Authority. Title VI prohibits certain uses of the funds.

Not Available

1985-01-01

123

RETHINKING THE ROLE OF CLINICAL TRIAL DATA IN INTERNATIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW: THE CASE FOR A PUBLIC GOODS APPROACH  

PubMed Central

This article describes the growth and consequences of new intellectual property rights given to pharmaceutical developers, and it advocates treating clinical trials as a public good. Although the soaring cost of clinical trials is well known and discussed, too little attention is given to the underlying rationale for allowing drug developers to recoup their costs through the new intellectual property rights provided in multilateral, regional, and bilateral agreements. Known in the US as “market exclusivity” and in Europe as “data exclusivity,” these rights prohibit would-be generic producers from obtaining regulatory approval based on the original producers’ undisclosed test data. Market and data exclusivity is codified in US and European domestic law as well as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and, to a lesser degree, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Market and data exclusivity is binding an increasing number of developing countries via Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), which hinder developing countries from manufacturing generic drugs. At a minimum, negotiators should replace the norm of exclusive control over data with a liability rule, or take and pay rule, in which generic manufacturers can use original manufacturers’ clinical trial data in exchange for reasonable compensation. A more fundamental solution requires questioning the status quo of proprietary clinical trial data. The conventional wisdom is that market and data exclusivity, and drug developers’ consequent ability to limit competition from generics above and beyond patent protection, are a necessary incentive for drug developers to fund ever more expensive clinical trials. Clinical trial data, however, are public goods that will be undersupplied and over protected so long as private actors provide them. Moreover, manufacturers have an incentive to present clinical trial data so that they support regulatory approval at the expense of public health. Although liability rules are better than the status quo, they would not resolve the problem of treating a public good as proprietary. Governments should thus oversee and fund clinical trials as the public good that they are. Clinical tests should be awarded to the most qualified scientists through a competitive process, financed in part with the decrease in drug costs to governmental health care programs and in part with drug developers’ contributions, selected to maximize social benefit, and made global via intergovernmental bodies to maximize social return. This would reduce the cost of redundant investigations to the global public health system, lower supply costs to drug consumers, and lower the breakeven point for investment in research to discover new drugs.

REICHMAN, JEROME H.

2009-01-01

124

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America; Part IV: The Southwest (Navajo--Zuni). Occasional Publications in Anthropology Ethnology Series No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part IV of a series of publications consisting of American Indian tribal governmental documents, this volume includes charters, constitutions, articles of association, and by-laws of Indian tribes of New Mexico and Arizona. Documents are included relative to the Navajo Tribe of Arizona and New Mexico; the Eastern Navajo Council--New Mexico; the…

Fay, George E., Comp.

125

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart E of... - FmHA or Its Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract C Exhibit C to Subpart E of Part 1901 Agriculture Regulations of the...Rights Compliance Requirements Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. C Exhibit C to Subpart E of Part 1901—FmHA or Its Successor Agency...

2010-01-01

126

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart E of... - FmHA or Its Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract C Exhibit C to Subpart E of Part 1901 Agriculture Regulations of the...Rights Compliance Requirements Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. C Exhibit C to Subpart E of Part 1901—FmHA or Its Successor Agency...

2012-01-01

127

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart E of... - FmHA or Its Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract C Exhibit C to Subpart E of Part 1901 Agriculture Regulations of the...Rights Compliance Requirements Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. C Exhibit C to Subpart E of Part 1901—FmHA or Its Successor Agency...

2013-01-01

128

7 CFR Exhibit E to Subpart K of... - Guide Letter to Delinquent FmHA or Its Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Single Family...  

...Public Law 103-354 Single Family Housing Loan Borrowers E Exhibit E to Subpart K of Part 1944 Agriculture Regulations of...Supervisory Assistance Grants Pt. 1944, Subpt. K, Exh. E Exhibit E to Subpart K of Part 1944—Guide Letter...

2014-01-01

129

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart E of... - FmHA or Its Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract  

...Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract C Exhibit C to Subpart E of Part 1901 Agriculture Regulations of the...Rights Compliance Requirements Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. C Exhibit C to Subpart E of Part 1901—FmHA or Its Successor Agency...

2014-01-01

130

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart E of... - FmHA or Its Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract C Exhibit C to Subpart E of Part 1901 Agriculture Regulations of the...Rights Compliance Requirements Pt. 1901, Subpt. E, Exh. C Exhibit C to Subpart E of Part 1901—FmHA or Its Successor Agency...

2011-01-01

131

Analysis of the Impact of Public Law 96-151, Section 204: Report on Outpatient Visits Made by Mexican Border Period and World War 1 Veterans.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This monograph assesses the impacts of Public Law 96-151, Section 204, on the Veterans Administration ambulatory care program. This legislation called for the inclusion of all veterans of the Mexican Border Period and World War I into the same priority gr...

C. F. Krochmal

1982-01-01

132

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America. Part IIa: The Northern Plains. Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part IIa of a series of publications consisting of American Indian tribal governmental documents, this volume contains charters, constitutions, and by-laws of Indian tribes in the Northern Plains (Montana and North Dakota). Documents are presented relative to the Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Reservation, the Blackfeet Tribe of the…

Fay, George E., Comp.

133

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America. Part XI: The Basin-Plateau Tribes. Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Museum of Anthropology, University of Northern Colorado at Greeley, has assembled various American Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to comprise a series of publications. The present volume, Part XI of the series, deals with the Indian tribes of Nevada: The Moapa Band of Paiute Indians, the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe, the…

Fay, George E., Comp.

134

8 CFR 233.5 - Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law 99-396, “Omnibus Territories Act.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law...Territories Act.â 233.5 Section 233.5 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

2010-01-01

135

Public Interest Law Activity and the Litigation of School Finance: An Appraisal of the Equity and Efficiency Consequences. Reprint Series, 253.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a case study of public interest law (PIL) activity in the litigation of traditional school finance mechanisms. It is part of a much larger effort to evaluate the social and economic consequences of PIL activity and to learn whether this recent institutional innovation is a useful supplement to government in correcting…

Lee, A. James; Weisbrod, Burton A.

136

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America; Part III: The Southwest (Apache--Mohave). Occasional Publications in Anthropology Ethnology Series No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Museum of Anthropology of the University of Northern Colorado (formerly known as Colorado State College) has assembled a large number of Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to be reproduced as a series of publications. Included in this volume are the amended charter and constitution of the Jicarilla Apache Tribe, Dulce, New…

Fay, George E., Comp.

137

Students and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a practical approach to the study of law, this publication offers seven lesson plans focusing on legal topics that have potential significance to high school students preparing to enter the world of work. Lesson plans address the following topics: minors and the law, automobile insurance, employment law, sports and the law, computer…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

138

Law Enforcement and the Library.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents information on law enforcement relating to library crimes. Discusses jurisdiction, reporting a loss, law enforcement response, law enforcement's expectations, suspects, publicity, the aftermath, and testimony in court. (AEF)

Clark, Edward F.

1998-01-01

139

1987 annual report on low-level radioactive waste management progress: Report to Congress in response to Public Law 99-240  

SciTech Connect

In response to Section 7(b) of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-240), this report summarizes the progress of states and low-level radioactive waste compacts in 1987 in establishing new low-level waste disposal facilities. It also reports the volume of low-level waste received for disposal in 1987 by commercially operated low-level waste disposal facilities.

Not Available

1988-08-01

140

78 FR 36816 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...questionnaire on private international law issues surrounding the status of children, including issues arising from international surrogacy arrangements. The questionnaire, which was prepared by the Permanent Bureau of the Hague Conference on Private...

2013-06-19

141

New Tax Law Boosts School Construction with Public-Private Partnerships. The Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. 1463.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a provision in a tax bill implemented in June 2001 that allows towns and cities to build public school facilities faster, better, and less expensively by forming public-private partnerships with qualified real estate investors and developers. Private sector investors can fund construction, then lease the facilities to public

Utt, Ronald D.

142

Charter School Attitudes and Practices in States with Diverse Public Sector Bargaining Laws: Arizona, Hawai'i, and Minnesota  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Virtually all state charter school legislation addresses teacher rights and working environment. Relationships with teacher unions are either specified in the law, or approval of the charter requires suitable provisions for employee hiring, firing, grievances, etc. Charter school evaluation almost without exception includes some references to…

Fox, Robert A.; Buchanan, Nina K.

2006-01-01

143

Automated Enforcement of Red-Light Running and Speeding Laws in Minnesota: Bridging Technology and Public Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report reviews the use of technology for automated enforcement of traffic laws around the world and across the United States, especially red-light running and speeding, with a focus on Minnesota. Automated enforcement to tag red-light runners and spe...

B. J. VanDrasek J. S. Adams

2009-01-01

144

International public health law: not so much WHO as why, and not enough WHO and why not?  

Microsoft Academic Search

To state the obvious, “health matters”, but health (or its equitable enjoyment) is neither simple nor easy. Public health\\u000a in particular, which encompasses a broad collection of complex and multidisciplinary activities which are critical to the\\u000a wellbeing and security of individuals, populations and nations, is a difficult milieu to master effectively. In fact, despite\\u000a the vital importance of public health,

Shawn H. E. Harmon

2009-01-01

145

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America, Part XII: The Basin-Plateau Tribes (cont'd.). Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Museum of Anthropology, University of Northern Colorado at Greeley, has assembled various American Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to comprise a series of publications. The present volume, Part XII, is a continuation of the publication on Basin-Plateau Indian groups: the Ely Indian Colony and Reno-Sparks Indian Colony of…

Fay, George E., Comp.

146

Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nitrogen and Phosphorus Knowledge Web page is offered by Iowa State University Extension and the College of Agriculture. The publications page contains links to various newsletters, articles, publications, power point presentations, links to governmental publications, and more. For example, visitors will find articles written on phosphorous within the Integrated Crop Management Newsletter, power point presentations on Nitrogen Management and Carbon Sequestration, and links to other Iowa State University publications on various subjects such as nutrient management. Other links on the home page of the site contain soil temperature data, research highlights, and other similarly relevant information for those in similar fields.

1969-12-31

147

Statement...Concerning Enforcement of Equal Opportunities and Anti-Discrimination Laws in the Public Broadcasting Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

J. Stanley Pottinger, Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Civil Rights Division (CRD) of the Department of Justice, was invited to testify before the committee concerning the existence and extent of discrimination in the public broadcasting industry. The Justice Department was concerned with the Civil Rights Act, Title VI. Members of his…

Pottinger, J. Stanley

148

Spectators to the Spectacle of Law: The Formation of a ‘Validating Public’ at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda  

Microsoft Academic Search

While the ethnography of contemporary courtrooms has been dominated by a concern with speech, this article considers how a silent, validating public is constructed within court complexes. Drawing on fieldwork at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (Arusha, Tanzania), I explore how the court's threshold practices form validating witnesses whose embodied deference contributes to the constitution of the courtroom as

Nigel Eltringham

2012-01-01

149

Guidelines for the Depository Library System with By-Laws of the Depository Library Council to the Public Printer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These guidelines designed to improve the effectiveness of the depository library program are based on recommendations made by the Depository Library Council to the Public Printer. Areas covered include the objectives of the depository library system; responsibilities of the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office; designation…

Depository Library Council to the Public Printer, Washington, DC.

150

Public Law 94-142 and New Mexico: Historical Context and Perceived Impact on SH Programming in Rural Districts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Preliminary data from a survey of 51 small, rural public school districts in New Mexico generally indicate that the quality of educational programming for students with severe handicaps is currently satisfactory and would improve with the additional federal funding under P.L. 94-142 (New Mexico was slated to receive funding effective January…

Stile, Stephen W.; Wirth, Paul A.

151

Who's afraid of national laws? Pesticide corporations use trade negotiations to avoid bans and undercut public health protections in Central America.  

PubMed

The agrochemical industry is using trade agreements to block proposed bans on pesticides identified as the worst occupational health hazards by a multi-country illness surveillance program in Central America. Through privileged access to closed-door negotiations, industry inserted deregulatory mechanisms, including a regional pesticide registry that invalidates national laws, investors' rights protection, and increased intellectual property protections, into the draft Central American Customs Union and the Central American Free Trade Agreement. These agreements undermine health-based national pesticide registration requirements; weaken health ministries' role in pesticide control; block marketing of cheaper, less toxic pesticides; and have a chilling effect on future pesticide regulatory activity. So long as corporations have privileged access to the trade negotiations and civil society is excluded, the resulting agreements will benefit special interests at the expense of public health. PMID:16350478

Rosenthal, Erika

2005-01-01

152

The Interplay of Public Health Law and Industry Self-Regulation: The Case of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Sales in Schools  

PubMed Central

It is increasingly recognized that sugar-sweetened beverage consumption contributes to childhood obesity. Most states have adopted laws that regulate the availability of sugar-sweetened beverages in school settings. However, such policies have encountered resistance from consumer and parent groups, as well as the beverage industry. The beverage industry’s recent adoption of voluntary guidelines, which call for the curtailment of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools, raises the question, Is further policy intervention in this area needed, and if so, what form should it take? We examine the interplay of public and private regulation of sugar-sweetened beverage sales in schools, by drawing on a 50-state legal and regulatory analysis and a review of industry self-regulation initiatives.

Mello, Michelle M.; Pomeranz, Jennifer; Moran, Patricia

2008-01-01

153

Audit of controls over crude oil production under Public Law 94-258 Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1, Elk Hills, California. [Compliance with legislation  

SciTech Connect

The Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act of 1976 (Public Law 94-258) requires the Secretary to produce oil and gas from the Reserve at the Maximum Efficient Rate (MER) developed consistent with sound engineering practices. MER is defined as ''the maximum sustainable daily oil or gas rate from a reservoir which will permit economic development and depletion of that reservoir without detriment to the ultimate recovery.'' MER is determined through analyses and calculations using defined factors and parameters acquired through standard oil field testing procedures. Economic development and depletion of a reservoir without detriment to ultimate recovery means that production rates should not cause loss of originally obtainable petroleum and that revenues should exceed the cost of production. The purpose of the audit was to determine if the Department had adhered to the MER limitation on production at the Reserve as required by Public Law 94-258. Our review disclosed that production rates at the Reserve were not developed through engineering-based MER calculations. Production for the past seven years has exceeded the MER calculated by the Reserve's own engineers and principal consultants. According to studies prepared by the Department's technical engineers and consultants, between 90 and 130 million barrels of otherwise recoverable oil is at risk of being lost through overproduction over the life of the Reserve. Based on the average market value of $18 per barrel on March 6, 1986, the value of this oil was between $1.60 billion and $2.30 billion. We estimate that about half of the oil at risk of loss could yet be recovered if Reserve management develops and implements valid engineering-based MERs. 11 refs.

Not Available

1986-04-25

154

76 FR 4369 - Special Law Enforcement Commissions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bureau of Indian Affairs Special Law Enforcement Commissions AGENCY: Bureau of...publication of the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Policy, Rules and Procedures, the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Protocols and...

2011-01-25

155

Assistive Technology Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... the Rehabilitation Act requires that all electronic and information technologies developed and used by any Federal government agency ... gov/telecom.html Federal Government Procurement of Accessible Information Technology Public Law 105-220 section 408 [29 USC ...

156

American Society of International Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The American Society of International Law (ASIL) aims to educate and engage the public in issues concerning international law. The society's extensive Website contains a wealth of information, including several online publications, bibliographies, the ASIL Guide to Electronic Resources for International Law, and ASILEX, a searchable database of ASIL publications from 1964 to the present. In addition, the site provides a detailed introduction and history of the society, profiles its membership, and maintains a calendar of important events and activities.

157

Perceived justice and popular support for public health laws: A case study around comprehensive smoke-free legislation in Mexico City  

Microsoft Academic Search

The World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control promotes comprehensive smoke-free laws. The effective implementation of these laws requires citizen participation and support. Risk communication research suggests that citizens' perceptions of the fairness of smoke-free laws would help explain their support for the law. This study aimed to assess the factors that correlate with citizens' perceptions of the distributive,

James F. Thrasher; John C. Besley; Wendy González

2010-01-01

158

Law.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Describing itself as "a single, comprehensive destination for legal information, e-law services and legal products on the Web," this Website offers law students, legal professionals, business firms, and the general public news and information on the law. Lawyers will find here such items as the complete text of the latest edition of the American Lawyer with its listing of the top 100 law firms in the country. Law students can take advantage of features about schools, transferring, and recruiting, as well as links to professional associations. Businesses can find news and analysis of recent issues in business law as well as updated, annotated links to business law sites. For the public, the site offers news and analysis on prominent legal issues, such as recent Supreme Court decisions and the Wisconsin suit against the EPA over formulated gasoline. In addition, an online Real Life Dictionary of the Law gives accessible definitions to over 3,000 common legal terms. The search engine for the site draws on a surprisingly extensive archive -- for instance, we received more than 350 returns for "bankruptcy" -- making this site also a manageable resource for legal research, especially for practicing lawyers, journalists, and the general public. While this is a commercial site offering to sell law books, pamphlets, multimedia materials, and various online services, there is a considerable collection of free materials for users.

159

Teaching International Law: Concepts in International Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to introduce students to public international law. Topics covered include international public organizations, such as the United Nations and World Trade Organization, international courts, international human rights law, international trade law, and international environmental law. The goal of each study is to examine how…

Starbird, Caroline; Pettit, Jenny; Singleton, Laurel

2004-01-01

160

Obamacare: A Budget-Busting, Job-Kill Health Care Law. A Report on the Economic and Fiscal Consequences of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Public Law 111-148) & the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act (Public Law 111-152).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report details the economic and fiscal consequences of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA,) signed into law by President Barack Obama on March 23, 2010. Several rationales were offered in support of this legislation, including that...

D. Camp E. Cantor F. Upton J. Boehner J. Kline P. Ryan

2010-01-01

161

Duke Law & Technology Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Law school students are well known for trying to "do good" whether it be through aiding wrongly accused persons, or by providing legal advice at any number of free clinics. This academic and policy-oriented online publication from the people at Duke University's Law School is another such endeavor, and one that is worth a closer look. The publication's general area of interest is in the intersection of law and technology, and as such it draws on the knowledge base of specialties that include business law and intellectual property. The school's Law & Technology Review consists primarily of short issues briefs that provide insight into a wide range of issues for both the legal community and professionals working in these areas more broadly. Visitors to the site can browse the different briefs through a listing of general thematic areas or merely scroll through the site's homepage.

162

Water, law, science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SummaryIn a world with water resources severely impacted by technology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end, this paper is an earth scientist's attempt to comprehend essential elements of water law, and to examine their connections to science. Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with a priori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science, observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while in law, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law in Europe and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago by Roman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason. Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the sea were governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that these elements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as private property. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jus gentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast, jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jus gentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in which science plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all. This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, follows their evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit of science inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving water and environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In a technological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of water law. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophical understanding of the relationships between science and law will contribute to their constructively coming together in the service of society.

Narasimhan, T. N.

2008-01-01

163

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America. Part II: The Indian Tribes of Wisconsin (Great Lakes Agency). Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part II of a series of publications consisting of American Indian tribal governmental documents, this volume includes charters, constitutions, and by-laws of Indian tribes of Wisconsin (Great Lakes Agency). Documents are included relative to the Bad River, Lac Courte Oreilles, Lac du Flambeau, and the Red Cliff bands of Lake Superior Chippewa…

Fay, George E., Comp.

164

ECOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF PROPOSED DISCHARGE OF DREDGED MATERIAL INTO OCEAN WATERS; IMPLEMENTATION MANUAL FOR SECTION 103 OF PUBLIC LAW 92-532 (MARINE PROTECTION, RESEARCH, AND SANCTUARIES ACT OF 1972)  

EPA Science Inventory

According to Section 103 of Public Law 92-532 (Marine Protection ,Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972), any proposed dumping of dredged material into ocean waters must be evaluated through the use of criteria published by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i n the Federa...

165

76 FR 27355 - Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia Evidence Recording System Selection and Application...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...OJP (NIJ) Docket No. 1553] Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia...the general public, the ``Law Enforcement Vehicular Digital Multimedia...industry technical representatives, law enforcement agencies and...

2011-05-11

166

Rethinking the New Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article contributes to an emerging theoretical debate over the legitimate scope of public health law by linking it to a particular doctrinal debate in public nuisance law. State and local governments have been largely stymied in their efforts to use public nuisance litigation against harmful industries to vindicate collectively-held, common law rights to non-interference with public health and safety.

Lindsay F. Wiley

2012-01-01

167

Kepler's Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Johannes KEPLER published his three laws in 1609 and 1618 (table 1). Based on the very precise observations of Mars' orbit made by Tycho Brahe, and developed in the Copernican system, they describe the shape of the orbit of the planets around the Sun as an ellipse (first law), explain how the planets move around the Sun (second law) and

B. Mosser

2001-01-01

168

Radiation Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site lists physical laws that describe radiation. Topics covered include the Plank Radiation Law, and the Wien and Stefan-Boltzmann Laws. The site also features a table summarizing the blackbody temperatures necessary to give a peak for emitted radiation in various regions of the spectrum, and three Java applets illustrating important properties of blackbody radiation.

Astronomy, Department O.; Knoxville, University O.

169

76 FR 33353 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal Extension and Opportunity for Public Meeting; Colorado  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...surface and mineral estates from all forms of appropriation under the public land laws including mining and mineral laws, geothermal leasing laws and mineral materials disposal laws. The withdrawal created by Public Law 104-201 will expire on...

2011-06-08

170

Public Law 94-553-Oct. 19, 1976. An Act For the General Revision of the Copyright Law, Title 17 of the United States Code, and for Other Purposes. Title 17-Copyrights. Ninety-Fourth Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The copyright law of the United States is amended in its entirety by this act that takes effect in 1978. Literary works; musical works; dramatic works; pantomimes and choreographic works; pictorial, graphic, and sculptural works; motion pictures and other audiovisual works; and sound recordings are included in the subject matter of copyright.…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

171

Environmental Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has compiled a list of the seventeen major environmental laws which govern their agency and the programs they administer. Users can link to summaries or the full-text version of each law, provided, for the most part, by Cornell University. Those new to the subject may want to visit the Introduction to Laws and Regulations section, which explains how environmental laws come into being. Additional sections of the site--Regulations and Proposed Rules, Codified Regulations, and Current Legislation and Laws--link to further information such as Federal Register documents issued by EPA and the Code of Federal Regulations database.

Agency., United S.

172

22 CFR 231.16 - Governing law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Governing law. 231.16 Section 231.16 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT LOAN GUARANTEES ISSUED UNDER THE EMERGENCY WARTIME SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT OF 2003, PUBLIC LAW...

2013-04-01

173

State and Local Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

Justice, U. S.

174

Commander's Handbook on Military and Civil Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Commander's Handbook is divided into five separate sections as follows: Evidence, Procedure, Criminal Law, Civil Law, and glossary of Words and Phrases. This publication is designed to explain the rather complex legal principles and procedures inheren...

1989-01-01

175

Water law  

SciTech Connect

Water law overlaps a number of legal fields beyond the narrow scope the term implies. These include environmental law, natural resources law, real property law, and tort law. This diversity can pose problems for those water resource administrators, consultants, and other professionals who need access to the latest legal decisions, but who cannot find the needed information in one single, convenient, and easily understood form. This new book is designed to present recent developments in water law on a level that can be easily understood, with a minimum of ''legalese.'' No prior knowledge of the law or legal system is necessary to understand the material, and all legal terms are explained in the text.

Goldfarb, W.

1984-01-01

176

Library Laws Handbook: State Laws Relating to Michigan Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents excerpts and copies of state laws relating to Michigan libraries. The following are included: the Preamble of the Constitution of Michigan of 1963; Legislative Council Act (excerpt); Incompatible Public Offices; Freedom of Information Act; Open Meetings Act; Laws, Documents, and Reports (excerpts); Administrative Procedures…

Michigan Library, Lansing.

177

School Law Update, 1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of contemporary legal issues, involving all levels of public and private education, are addressed in the 20 papers in this volume. Written in law review style and including legal citations, the papers and authors included are: (1) "Who Runs the Schools" (Flygare); (2) "Copyright Issues in Computer-Assisted Instruction" (Helm); (3)…

Jones, Thomas N., Ed.; Semler, Darel P., Ed.

178

Environmental Law II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are papers delivered at a 1976 Colorado environmental law conference. Included in the publication are the conference schedule, the text of nine papers, background information on authors, and bibliography listings for each paper. Titles and topics of the papers are the following: (1) Water Resources Development and the Environment…

Continuing Legal Education in Colorado, Inc., Denver.

179

Metrics for Law Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to meet the job-related metric measurement needs of students interested in law enforcement, this instructional package is one of two for the public service occupations cluster, part of a set of 55 packages for metric instruction in different occupations. The package is intended for students who already know the occupational terminology,…

Cooper, Gloria S., Ed.; Magisos, Joel H., Ed.

180

Copyright Law of the United States of America.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The contents of this publication of the United States copyright law include: (1) prefatory note; (2) Constitutional provision respecting copyright; (3) Copyright Law of the United States of America (Title 17, United States Code); (4) schedule of laws repo...

1969-01-01

181

29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-07-01 false Law enforcement activities. 553.211 Section...GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...Requirements § 553.211 Law enforcement activities. (a) As...

2013-07-01

182

29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Law enforcement activities. 553.211 Section...GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...Requirements § 553.211 Law enforcement activities. (a) As...

2009-07-01

183

29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Law enforcement activities. 553.211 Section...GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...Requirements § 553.211 Law enforcement activities. (a) As...

2010-07-01

184

Principals and Teachers as Public Figures: Where Duty Ends and Rights Begin. A Legal Memorandum: Quarterly Law Topics for School Leaders. Vol. 7, No. 2, Winter 2007  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public schools are unique environments where the rights and responsibilities of one individual or group can easily, if unintentionally, infringe on the rights and responsibilities of other individuals or groups. This can leave public school employees wondering about the nature and scope of their rights. While it is well established that public

Kallio, Brenda; Geisel, Richard

2007-01-01

185

Relation Between the Federal Law on Immission Control and the Private Neighbours Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The author shows the changes in the relation between Public and Private Neighbours Law caused by the Law on Immission Control. Those plants emitting in sovereignty are subject only to the public jurisdiction in regard to the procedural and material law. A...

H. Lorentz

1980-01-01

186

34 CFR 685.219 - Public Service Loan Forgiveness Program.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...services: Emergency management, military service, public safety, law enforcement, public interest law services, early childhood education (including licensed or regulated child care, Head Start, and State funded...

2013-07-01

187

Transgender Law and Policy Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Transgender Law and Policy Institute aims to advance transgender equality through advocating for non-discrimination laws and policy change. The number of transgender people in the United States population ranges from two to five percent and a smaller number are transsexual. Visitors will find that one of the many features on this very thorough site is under the "Non-discrimination Laws" link, which consists of lists, maps, and charts of which states and municipalities have non-discrimination laws that include gender identity and expression. Some of these laws include prohibiting discrimination in public employment and policies regarding restrooms and other gender-based facilities. Visitors interested in reading about such transgender related litigation in criminal, immigration, medical, tax, discrimination, or tort law will appreciate the "Litigation: Case Law" link.

188

75 FR 78268 - Draft NIJ Selection and Application Guide to Ballistic-Resistant Body Armor for Law Enforcement...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Ballistic-Resistant Body Armor for Law Enforcement, Corrections, and Public Safety...Ballistic-Resistant Body Armor for Law Enforcement, Corrections, and Public Safety...Ballistic-Resistant Body Armor for Law Enforcement, Corrections, and Public...

2010-12-15

189

Water law  

SciTech Connect

The author pays particular attention to recent amendments to the Clean Water Act, Safe Drinking Water Act, and hazardous waste statutes. Concludes with a new chapter on regional land-use controls to safeguard water quality. This book is revised to explain the nature of law and the relationships among water law, science, water uses, water rights, and water resources management.

Goldfarb, W.

1988-01-01

190

Ohm's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

See how the equation form of Ohm's law relates to a simple circuit. Adjust the voltage and resistance, and see the current change according to Ohm's law. The sizes of the symbols in the equation change to match the circuit diagram.

Simulations, Phet I.; Dubson, Michael; Gratny, Mindy

2004-06-01

191

Protection for Pre-1972 Sound Recordings under State Law and Its Impact on Use by Nonprofit Institutions: A 10-State Analysis. CLIR Publication No. 146  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third of three studies of copyright and sound recordings commissioned by the National Recording Preservation Board (NRPB) in support of the congressionally mandated study of the state of audio preservation in the United States. All three studies have focused on how laws pertaining to sound recordings made before 1972 affect…

Council on Library and Information Resources, 2009

2009-01-01

192

Early Indications of English Learners' Reading Achievement in San Diego Public Schools after Implementation of Policy To Comply with "English Only" Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study addresses English learner students' (ELs') reading achievement in San Diego public schools in the years after the passage of the "English only" initiative (Proposition 227). To comply with Proposition 227's requirements, all of California's public school districts administered a newly adopted English-language norm referenced test,…

Fass-Holmes, Barry; Raines, Robert

193

Expression Rights of Public School Employees and Students. A Legal Memorandum: Quarterly Law Topics for School Leaders. Vol. 8, No. 4, Summer 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What is the scope of First Amendment free expression rights of public school employees and students? Following a long period with no Supreme Court rulings pertaining to public employee or student speech, the Court since 2006 has delivered significant opinions in this regard. These decisions continue the trend of narrowing the circumstances under…

McCarthy, Martha

2008-01-01

194

Controlling the Black School-Age Male: Psychotropic Medications and the Circumvention of Public Law 94-142 and Section 504  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public schools have historically embedded mechanisms for control within their policies and procedures through a variety of means. This article investigates a moderately sized integrated public school system in an upscale to low socioeconomic Big Ten university community in Illinois. Through descriptive measures, the author examines the racial…

Fitzgerald, Terence D.

2009-01-01

195

The gap between law and ethics in human embryonic stem cell research: overcoming the effect of U.S. federal policy on research advances and public benefit.  

PubMed

Key ethical issues arise in association with the conduct of stem cell research by research institutions in the United States. These ethical issues, summarized in detail, receive no adequate translation into federal laws or regulations, also described in this article. U.S. Federal policy takes a passive approach to these ethical issues, translating them simply into limitations on taxpayer funding, and foregoes scientific and ethical leadership while protecting intellectual property interests through a laissez faire approach to stem cell patents and licenses. Those patents and licenses, far from being scientifically and ethically neutral in effect, virtually prohibit commercially sponsored research that could otherwise be a realistic alternative to the federal funding gap. The lack of federal funding and related data-sharing principles, combined with the effect of U.S. patent policy, the lack of key agency guidance, and the proliferation of divergent state laws arising from the lack of Federal leadership, significantly impede ethical stem cell research in the United States, without coherently supporting any consensus ethical vision. Research institutions must themselves implement steps, described in the article, to integrate addressing ethical review with the many legal compliance issues U.S. federal and state laws create. PMID:16279757

Taylor, Patrick L

2005-10-01

196

Florida Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This fine collection from the University of Florida's George A. Smathers Libraries documents the laws and legal heritage of Florida. It has digitized texts from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center and the P. K. Yonge Library of Florida History as well as other sources. This omnibus collection features the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, a variety of general texts on Florida laws, and the Florida Water Law collection. This last collection is particularly fascinating as it brings together over 7,000 documents related to long-term water management plans across the Sunshine State. Moving on, the Florida Historical Legal Documents section of the site contains primary source materials that survey changes in Florida law from 1822 through 1845, when the area became a state. Finally, the House Journal section brings together the official record of actions taken by the House and its committees.

2011-01-01

197

Guass's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A Keynote Presentation exported as a clickable Quicktime movie. Gauss's Law is demonstrated in this presentation. Utilizing an insulated sphere enclosed in a spherical conducting shell. All equations are fully developed.

Dimauro, Mr. T.

2009-01-12

198

Lawful Inspections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sanitarian often spends much of his working day performing, reviewing, or supervising inspections. It is important that the sanitarian realize the legal implications of inspections and be prepared to perform them in accordance with the law. (RE)

Sikora, Vincent A.

1979-01-01

199

Ohm's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive simulation of Ohm’s law, adapted from the University of Colorado's Physics Education Technology project, adjust the voltage and resistance in a circuit, and observe how this affects the flow of current.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2007-04-19

200

Federal Laws That Can Help  

MedlinePLUS

... These include: Public Law 101-476 Formerly the Education for All Handicapped Children Act PL 94-142 : Says that every child has a right to a free, appropriate public education, whether or not the child has a disability. Part H of the Individual ...

201

Biodiversity Laws: State Experiences  

PubMed

/ The Western Governors' Association (WGA) includes both the public lands states with their issues and the plains states, which are 98% privately owned. WGA deals with most legislation affecting biodiversity, whether the effect is direct or tangential. It will probably not be possible, or desirable, for one entity to be in charge of biodiversity conservation. The Endangered Species Act, public lands laws, agricultural laws, water law, environmental laws, and funding legislation all affect biodiversity conservation and the responsibility for it. None of them on their own are enough, and most can cause harmful unintended consequences for biodiversity. The experience of western states in developing consensus principles for reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act provides an example of common-sense ways to improve management of biodiversity, notwithstanding the complexity and large stakes involved. The WGA's proposed changes call for increasing the role of states, streamlining the act, and increasing certainty for landowners and water users.To achieve sustainable conservation for biodiversity, the better question is not "Who is/should be in charge?", it is "How do we get this done?" To answer this, we need goals, guidance, and bottom lines from federal laws, and management and oversight at the state level, but they all need to support local on-the-ground partnerships. Sustainable conservation requires the active participation of those who live there. WGA's experience in coordinating the Great Plains Partnership as well as its work with watershed efforts shed light on what to expect. Multilevel partnerships are not easy and require a different way of doing business. The ad hoc, site-specific processes that result do not lend themselves to being legislated, fit into organizational boxes, or scored on a budget sheet. They do require common sense and a long-term perspective.KEY WORDS: Biodiversity; Partnerships; Environmental laws; Endangered Species Act; Conservation; Local empowerment PMID:8895414

CLARK

1996-11-01

202

An analysis of the legal contexts of Public Education Law: Its judicial interpretations and applications with regard to discipline and special education and non-special education students in K-12 public schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated legal implications of differential disciplinary treatment of special education and non-special education students in K-12 public schools. It focused on interpreting and applying federal and state education legislation by courts and how various judicial decisions affect discipline practices in public school systems, asking if preferential treatment was afforded to students with disabilities through implementation and interpretation of

Janet Marie Roland

2006-01-01

203

Law Library of Congress  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Law Library of Congress is to provide research and legal information to the U.S. Congress as well as to U.S. Federal Courts and Executive Agencies, and to offer reference services to the public. Truth be told, this is a pretty tall order, and they fulfill this objective quite admirably, and in no small part due to this fairly comprehensive and well-designed site.

204

A Model To Avoid: Arizona's Tuition Tax Credit Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, Arizona enacted a tuition tax credit law. Supporters consider this law a model for improving public education. Opponents believe it is a model for seriously undermining public education, particularly public schools serving poor children. The two types of tax credits Arizona offers are a private tuition tax credit and tax credit for public

Pathak, Arohi; Holmes, Dwight; Mincberg, Elliot; Neas, Ralph G.

205

California Library Statistics and Directory, 1980. Fiscal Year 1978-79 Data for Public, Academic, Special, State Agency, and County Law Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annual directory characterizes libraries in California through statistical tables, a profile of each library, descriptions of state library associations, a public library directory, and several indexes. An introduction explains how to use the directory. Presented in the statistical tables are measures of activities, income, expenditures,…

Clark, Collin, Ed.

206

National Energy Policy Plan; A Report to Congress Required by Title VIII of the Department of Energy Organization Act (Public Law 95-91)  

SciTech Connect

This plan report is divided into the following chapters: the course ahead, currently predominant fuels (oil, gas), America's energy triad, sources of diversity and long-term supply, sources of uncertainty, summary of current projections, and public comments on the nation's policy toward energy. (DLC)

Not Available

1985-01-01

207

Public School Principals' Experiences with Interpreting and Implementing Connecticut's Anti-Bullying Law (Connecticut General Statute Section 10-222d): A Statewide Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In June 2002, the State of Connecticut General Assembly (CGA) passed Public Act 02-119, An Act Concerning Bullying Behavior in Schools and Concerning the Pledge of Allegiance. Section 1 mandated that each local and regional board of education (school district) develop a policy to address bullying in its schools. Conn. Gen. Statute…

LaRocco, Diana J.; Nestler-Rusack, Donna; Freiberg, Jo Ann

2007-01-01

208

State Plans under the Library Services Act: A Summary of Programs for Fiscal 1958 Submitted under Public Law 597, 84th Congress. Supplement 1. Bulletin, 1959, No. 17  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin outlines the programs submitted by 50 States and Territories for the second year of the Library Services Act. These programs reflect the planning and development which has been taking place across the Nation in the extension and improvement of public library service in rural areas. In the first year, fiscal 1957 (July 1, 1956,…

Office of Education, US Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, 1959

1959-01-01

209

World Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This consultant paper is intended to provide information useful to a goal of this curriculum development project in the war/peace field, that is to encourage students to search intelligently for alternatives to war. The most fundamental assumptions used in thinking about international law are described, including some assumptions about systemic…

Marvin, David

210

Contracting Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Revised and updated to 2006, the fourth edition of Contracting Law continues the clear explanations of contract doctrine, engaging cases, and thought-provoking cultural and historical materials that have made this casebook a favorite of students and professors. Students and faculty appreciate the fact that no separate statutory supplement is necessary. Selected provisions from the Restatement Second of Contracts and the

Deborah Waire Post; Amy Hilsman Kastely; Nancy Ota; Sharon K. Hom

2006-01-01

211

NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) report on occupational safety and health for Fiscal Year 1984 under Public Law 91-596  

SciTech Connect

The purposes behind the organization of NIOSH and its research objectives and responsibilities are briefly described. The function of each of the divisions is detailed. Much of the work at NIOSH was related to the ten major areas of work related diseases and injuries including: occupational lung disease, musculoskeletal injuries, occupational cancers, traumatic injuries, cardiovascular disease, disorders of reproduction, neurotoxic disorders, noise induced hearing loss, dermatologic conditions, and psychological disorders. The program strategy at NIOSH has been divided into several categories consisting of surveillance, health hazard evaluations, method of control, and the dissemination of information including the publication of documents. A list of publications appearing during 1984 as a result of NIOSH activities in the field is included.

Not Available

1985-12-01

212

Water resources, geography, and law  

SciTech Connect

Geographers have paid too little attention to law as a guiding element in many facets of natural resource use and landscape evolution. This book illustrates how the law interacts with natural and cultural processes related to water resources, and demonstrates the value of paying attention to legal dimensions. The chapters summarize water law in three areas of geographical interest: public use, allocation of rights, and boundary changes. Separate abstracts were prepared for two chapters selected for the Energy Data Base (EDB) and Energy Abstracts for Policy Analysis (EAPA).

Matthews, O.P.

1984-01-01

213

Should producers of hazardous waste be legally responsible for injuries caused by the waste - pursuant to Public Law 88-246. [References and data on producer liability  

SciTech Connect

Background reading and references are provided for the debate on the resolution that any and all injury resulting from the disposal of hazardous waste in the United States should be the legal responsibility of the producer of that waste. The selections provide debaters with background information, an overview of the principal issues, and a balance of opposing views. The readings include materials not readily available to the public, while the bibliographic references are generally assessible. There is a mini-research guide and a list of documents available from the US Government Printing Office.

Not Available

1983-01-01

214

National Energy Policy Plan; A Report to the Congress Required by Title VIII of the Department of Energy Organization Act (Public Law 95-91)  

SciTech Connect

Since the third National Energy Plan in 1981 total energy efficiency has increased, domestic energy resources are being developed more effectively, oil prices have declined, US dependence on foreign energy sources has diminished, and the nation's vulnerability to energy supply disruptions has been reduced markedly. The policy goal is an adequate supply of energy at reasonable costs. Strategies include minimizing federal control and involvement in energy markets while maintaining public health and safety and environmental quality and promoting a balanced and mixed energy resource system. Federal programs and actions in energy are reviewed.

Not Available

1983-10-01

215

Federal Courts Law Review (FCLR)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Federal Courts Law Review is an electronic publication provided by the Federal Magistrate Judges Association and edited by Carol Heckman, United States Magistrate Judge for the Western District of New York. It aims at being a "forum for the publication of legal scholarship relating to federal courts and federal legislation," and claims to be one of the few law reviews sponsored by a judicial association. The first issue contains articles entitled "Discovery in Computer Software Patent Litigation," "Instructing the Jury in an Employment Discrimination Case," and "Civil Case Voir Dire and Jury Selection in Federal Court." Two of the authors are magistrate judges. Articles are also available via email.

1998-01-01

216

Biodiversity Law of Costa Rica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This newly online document details the legal technicalities of Costa Rica's Biodiversity Law, made public in July 1999. The document (.pdf format) contains the following sections, among others: Natural System of Conservation Areas; Guarantees of Environmental Safety; Conservation and Sustainable Use of Ecosystems and Species; Access to Genetic Components and Biochemicals and Protection of Associated Knowledge; Education and Public Awareness; Environmental Impact Assessments; Incentives; and Procedures, Processes, and Agreements. For those interested in conservation law or the intricacies of biological diversity protection in developing countries, this document will be of great interest.

217

Ampere's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lesson begins with a demonstration introducing students to the force between two current carrying loops, comparing the attraction and repulsion between the loops to that between two magnets. After formal lecture on Ampere's law, students begin to use the concepts to calculate the magnetic field around a loop. This is applied to determine the magnetic field of a toroid, imagining a toroid as a looped solenoid.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

218

The laws of emotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that emotions are lawful phe- nomena and thus can be described in terms of a set of laws of emotion. These laws result from the operation of emotion mechanisms that are accessible to intentional control to only a limited extent. The law of situational meaning, the law of concern, the law of reality, the laws of change,

Nico H. Frijda

1988-01-01

219

Biotech Law Web Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Biotech Law home page offers legal and scientific information of interest to researchers in biotechnology/pharmaceutical science. At this time, the site provides basic articles on methods of record keeping for inventors, an explanation of the U.S. legal standard for inventorship and an overview of patent application preparation. The Biotech law home page also includes more advanced articles on intellectual property licensing, parallel importing of patented products, and the effects of electronic publication on U.S. Patent rights. In addition to a "heads up" guide to recently-issued U.S. biotech patents, the home page provides links to additional sources of information on intellectual property protection, as well as links to selected scientific resources on Internet.

Foley & Lardner.

1996-01-01

220

Jurist: Books on Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, a recent addition to Professor Bernard Hibbitts' Jurist site (discussed in the April 11, 1997 Scout Report), is a monthly publication edited by Ronald Collins and David Skover of the Seattle University School of Law. Highlight of the site, of course, is the review section, with five to ten reviewed new books (excluding casebooks and textbooks) per issue. There are also notices of new books in 37 subject categories, one review of an old book, and a list of law publishers. The May 1998 issue is a special issue on Closed Chambers: The First Eyewitness Account of the Epic Struggles Inside the Supreme Court, by Edward Lazarus. It includes a RealPlayer interview with the author (transcript available), in addition to six commentaries.

1998-01-01

221

Bragg's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It may be beneficial to have students perform the Wave Interference activity prior to engaging them in this activity. The following handouts are identical, with the exception that one is in Word format, while the other is in PDF format. The students should perform the exercise in a computer laboratory. Before proceeding through the questions, they should be given an opportunity to review the material on this web page. Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet (Acrobat (PDF) 73kB Mar2 10) Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet for Word (Microsoft Word 37kB Feb25 10) The following Powerpoint presentation can be used as an introduction to Bragg's Law. Bragg\\'s Law Powerpoint Presentation (PowerPoint 974kB Feb25 10) Wave Interference Activity Prior to investigating Bragg's law through this activity, it may be helpful to explore interference of sinusoidal waveforms by following the link below. Wave Interference Activity Bragg's Law Applet Java Applet created by Konstantin Lukin with supervision by Glenn A. Richard, Project Java Webmaster Original Bragg's Law Applet page on Mineral Physics Institute web server at Stony Brook University: Project Java - Bragg's Law and Diffraction: How waves reveal the atomic structure of crystals Bragg's Law refers to the simple equation: nĂ = 2d sinĂ derived by the English physicists Sir W.H. Bragg and his son Sir W.L. Bragg in 1913 to explain why the cleavage faces of crystals appear to reflect X-ray beams at certain angles of incidence (Ă, Ă). The variable d is the distance between atomic layers in a crystal, and the variable lambda is the wavelength of the incident X-ray beam (see applet); n is an integer. This observation is an example of X-ray wave interference (Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen), commonly known as X-ray diffraction (XRD), and was direct evidence for the periodic atomic structure of crystals postulated for several centuries. The Braggs were awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1915 for their work in determining crystal structures beginning with NaCl, ZnS and diamond. Although Bragg's law was used to explain the interference pattern of X-rays scattered by crystals, diffraction has been developed to study the structure of all states of matter with any beam, e.g., ions, electrons, neutrons, and protons, with a wavelength similar to the distance between the atomic or molecular structures of interest. How to Use this Applet The applet shows two rays incident on two atomic layers of a crystal, e.g., atoms, ions, and molecules, separated by the distance d. The layers look like rows because the layers are projected onto two dimensions and your view is parallel to the layers. The applet begins with the scattered rays in phase and interferring constructively. Bragg's Law is satisfied and diffraction is occurring. The meter indicates how well the phases of the two rays match. The small light on the meter is green when Bragg's equation is satisfied and red when it is not satisfied. The meter can be observed while the three variables in Bragg's are changed by clicking on the scroll-bar arrows and by typing the values in the boxes. The d and Ă variables can be changed by dragging on the arrows provided on the crystal layers and scattered beam, respectively. Bragg's Law Applet with details meter activated, but no constructive interference. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are not aligned. Bragg's Law Applet with constructive interference and n = 2. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are aligned. Deriving Bragg's Law by Paul Schields Bragg's Law can easily be derived by considering the conditions necessary to make the phases of the beams coincide when the incident angle equals and reflecting angle. The rays of the incident beam are always in phase and parallel up to the point at which the top beam strikes the top layer at atom z (Fig. 1). The second beam continues to the next layer where it is scattered by atom B. The second beam must travel the extra distance AB + BC if the two beams are to continue traveling adjacent and parallel. This extra distance must be an integral (n) multiple of the wavelength (Ă) for the phases of the two beams to be the same: nĂ = AB +BC (2). Fig. 1 Deriving Bragg's Law using the reflection geometry and applying trigonometry. The lower beam must travel the extra distance (AB + BC) to continue traveling parallel and adjacent to the top beam. Recognizing d as the hypotenuse of the right triangle Abz, we can use trigonometry to relate d and Ă to the distance (AB + BC). The distance AB is opposite Ă so, AB = d sinĂ(3). Because AB = BC eq. (2) becomes, nĂ = 2AB (4) Substituting eq. (3) in eq. (4) we have, nĂ = 2 d sinĂ, (1) and Bragg's Law has been derived. The location of the surface does not change the derivation of Bragg's Law. Experimental Diffraction Patterns The following figures show experimental x-ray diffraction patterns of cubic SiC using synchrotron radiation. Detail from previous image Players in the Discovery of X-ray Diffraction Friedrich and Knipping first observed Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen in 1912 after a hint from their research advisor, Max von Laue, at the University of Munich. Bragg's Law greatly simplified von Laue's description of X-ray interference. The Braggs used crystals in the reflection geometry to analyze the intensity and wavelengths of X-rays (spectra) generated by different materials. Their apparatus for characterizing X-ray spectra was the Bragg spectrometer. Laue knew that X-rays had wavelengths on the order of 1 Ă. After learning that Paul Ewald's optical theories had approximated the distance between atoms in a crystal by the same length, Laue postulated that X-rays would diffract, by analogy to the diffraction of light from small periodic scratches drawn on a solid surface (an optical diffraction grating). In 1918 Ewald constructed a theory, in a form similar to his optical theory, quantitatively explaining the fundamental physical interactions associated with XRD. Elements of Ewald's eloquent theory continue to be useful for many applications in physics. Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus in the Mineral Physics Institute High Pressure Laboratory at Stony Brook University Do We Have Diamonds? If we perform a high pressure experiment in a press, such as the Kennedy-Walker split cylinder apparatus, to convert graphite into diamonds, we can use X-ray diffraction techniques to determine whether we achieved the intended result. The carbon atoms in graphite are arranged into planes that are separated by d-spacings of 3.35Ă. If we use X-rays with a wavelength (Ă) of 1.54Ă, and we have diamonds in the material we are testing, we will find peaks on our X-ray pattern at Ă values that correspond to each of the d-spacings that characterize diamond. These d-spacings are 1.075Ă, 1.261Ă, and 2.06Ă. To discover where to expect peaks if diamond, graphite, or both are present, you can set Ă to 1.54Ă in the applet, and set distance to one of the d-spacings. Then start with Ă at 6 degrees, and vary it until you find a Bragg's condition. Do the same with each of the remaining d-spacings. Remember that in the applet, you are varying Ă, while on the X-ray pattern printout, the angles are given as 2Ă. Consequently, when the applet indicates a Bragg's condition at a particular angle, you must multiply that angle by 2 to locate the angle on the X-ray pattern printout where you would expect a peak. First stage anvils in the Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus

Richard, Glenn

222

A Relationship between Lotka's Law, Bradford's Law, and Zipf's Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A common functional relationship among Lotka's law, Bradford's law, and Zipf's law is derived. The proof takes explicit account of the sequences of observed values of the variables by means of an index. This approach results in a more realistic and precise formulation of each law. (Author/EM)

Chen, Ye-Sho; Leimkuhler, Ferdinand F.

1986-01-01

223

IPWatchdog.com: Internet Law Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Gene Quinn, a professor of law and patent attorney, operates this site about Internet law. There are several categories to browse, such as cybercrimes, encryption, MP3s, constitutional law, and many more. Some examine individual court cases, federal acts and rulings, and related news. Others simply provide an overview of the topic, with basic definitions and links to offsite resources. Many government documents and Web sites are listed that address these issues. The site also has sections for intellectual property law and antitrust law. Publications, journal papers, and news articles are offered for all of these topics.

224

Intellectual Property Law Primer for Multimedia Developers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses legal issues involved in developing and distributing multimedia publications. Examines libel; rights of publicity; and such elements of copyright law as copyright protections and infringements, fair use and public domain policies, and use of ideas and factual materials. Uses a hypothetical multimedia project to illustrate the legal rules…

Brinson, J. Dianne; Radcliffe, Mark F.

1995-01-01

225

Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

Justice, U. S.

226

33 CFR 88.11 - Law enforcement vessels.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...a) Law enforcement vessels may display a flashing blue light when engaged in direct law enforcement or public...with the visibility of the vessel's navigation lights. (b) The blue light described in this section may be displayed...

2013-07-01

227

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

228

Women, Education and the Law: Vouchers, Tax Credits, & Legal Confusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early 2003, two distinguished researchers in school law analyzed aspects of the law vis-a-vis vouchers and tax credits and the public schools (McCarthy, 2003; Welner, 2003). The issues were confusing, and the author wondered how educators and the public responded. How can policy makers make reasonable decisions about public education without a…

First, Patricia F.

2003-01-01

229

Conservation Law Enforcement Program Standardization.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ultimate goal of standardization is to develop a safe and effective program that is recognized within the USAF, DoD, and by other Federal and state law enforcement agencies, and the general public. The objectives are to enhance enforcement and environ...

S. Rogers

2004-01-01

230

Making School Bully Laws Matter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last decade, bully prevention activities moved from the local districts to the state houses where legislators amended public school laws to incorporate safety regulations. For instance, the 2001 authorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, referred to as No Child Left Behind, included the Safe and Drug-Free Schools and…

Zeman, Laura Dreuth; Edmondson, Lynne

2011-01-01

231

Copyright Law and Educational Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This review of sections of copyright laws most relevant to media librarians covers requirements of authors, sole rights of copyright owners, fair use and other exceptions to sole rights, the Board of Cooperative Educational Services (BOCES) case, the Sony case, exempt public performances, and computer software. Twenty-nine references are provided.…

Bender, Ivan R.

1985-01-01

232

What Does the Law Say?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author provides legal explanations to the following concerns: (1) case law on specific learning disability (SLD) eligibility; (2) recent developments on response to intervention (RTI); (3) Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) rules; and (4) the Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) regulation. The author's…

Zirkel, Perry A.

2011-01-01

233

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Supreme Court has resolved an issue involving public employees' due process rights. Before dismissing an employee, school administrators must (1) give the employee a clear list of the grounds for the decision, (2) explain the basis for each charge, and (3) give the employee a chance to respond. (MLF)

Splitt, David A.

1985-01-01

234

75 FR 69458 - Notice of Draft NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection and Application Guide  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...1526] Notice of Draft NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection and Application...ACTION: Notice of Draft NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection and Application...general public the draft ``NIJ Law Enforcement Duty Holster Selection and...

2010-11-12

235

Private regulation in European private law  

Microsoft Academic Search

European private regulation pre-existed European Community law and co-exists with it today, giving rise to different forms of complementarity with European legislation. While in the initial stage of jus commune, a stronger role for co-regulation characterized private law, the formation of national legal systems, and in particular the era of codifications, changed the complementarity between public and private law-making. Codifications

Fabrizio Cafaggi

2009-01-01

236

VEAP and Section 903: Summary of Educational Benefits Under the Post-Vietnam Era Veterans' Educational Assistance Program and the Educational Assistance Pilot Program, Chapter 32 of Title 38 U.S. Code and Section 903 of Public Law 96-342  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Post-Vietnam Veterans' Educational Assistance Program, or VEAP (chapter 32 of title 38, U.S. Code) and the Educational Assistance Pilot Program (Section 903 of Public Law 96-342) were enacted by Congress to attract high quality men and women to the all-voluntary Armed Forces. VEAP provides education and training opportunities to eligible…

US Department of Veterans Affairs, 2001

2001-01-01

237

Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, 1999.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Tables, charts, and narrative comments addressing the number of law enforcement officers killed or assaulted are presented throughout this publication. The unit of count is the victim officer, not the number of incidents or weapons employed. In tabulation...

1999-01-01

238

The Yearbook of Education Law, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Law Association's yearbook of education law provides lawyers, administrators, and professors with a comprehensive review and analysis of the previous year's state and federal court decisions and legislation affecting the operation, management, and governance of public elementary and secondary schools, higher education, and…

Russo, Charles J., Ed.

239

Copyright law and the nursing professor.  

PubMed

The copyright law affects the resources that are available to faculty for educating students. The author discusses the concept of fair use in academe, the process for obtaining permission to copy materials that have been copyrighted, and the rights of the professor who has created works during employment. An application of the copyright law to the publication of students' papers is presented. PMID:1754131

Clegg, R L

1991-01-01

240

Journal of the Proceedings, School Law Forum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the speeches given at the 1972 New Jersey School Law Forum. The Forum is held to encourage the research of timely legal issues involving the structure and operation of the New Jersey public schools, to assist the school law practitioner by affording him the opportunity to hear and discuss research and opinion on selected…

New Jersey School Boards Association, Trenton.

241

Safe Haven Laws as "Crime Control Theater"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: This article examines safe haven laws, which allow parents to legally abandon their infants. The main objective is to determine whether safe haven laws fit the criteria of "crime control theater", a term used to describe public policies that produce the appearance, but not the effect, of crime control, and as such are essentially…

Hammond, Michelle; Miller, Monica K.; Griffin, Timothy

2010-01-01

242

School Law. Cases and Concepts. Fifth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public school educators are aware that courts, over the last several decades, have played a significant role in establishing educational policy. This text attempts to address important issues in school law with an emphasis on those having an impact at the school-building level. Chapter 1 offers an overview of the sources of law and the court…

La Morte, Michael W.

243

NASA STI Database, Aerospace Database and ARIN coverage of 'space law'  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The space-law coverage provided by the NASA STI Database, the Aerospace Database, and ARIN is briefly described. Particular attention is given to the space law content of the two Databases and of ARIN, the NASA Thesauras space law terminology, space law publication forms, and the availability of the space law literature.

Buchan, Ronald L.

1992-01-01

244

Demonstrating the Gas Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a complete computer program demonstrating the relationship between volume/pressure for Boyle's Law, volume/temperature for Charles' Law, and volume/moles of gas for Avagadro's Law. The programing reinforces students' application of gas laws and equates a simulated moving piston to theoretical values derived using the ideal gas law.…

Holko, David A.

1982-01-01

245

AALS Law Books Recommended  

Microsoft Academic Search

The years following World War I1 witnessed the creation of many new law schools. Standards were needed for all aspects of both law school and law library administration. The AALS, under the presidency of Professor Walter Gellhorn, sponsored the creation of a major list of titles recommended for acquisitions by academic law libraries. The list, Law Boob Recommended for Libraries,

Mark P. Bernstein

1989-01-01

246

Rethinking the New Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article contributes to an emerging theoretical debate over the legitimate scope of public health law by linking it to a particular doctrinal debate that has arisen in the context of public nuisance litigation brought by state and local governments against industries that allegedly interfere with the public’s health. In response to evolving scientific understanding about the determinants of health,

Lindsay F. Wiley

2011-01-01

247

Sexual Orientation, Public Schools, and the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools are experiencing an increased level of litigation about issues pertaining to sexual orientation. This monograph provides educators and attorneys with a comprehensive analysis of this litigation along with practical tips for avoiding lawsuits in this sensitive area. The monograph consists of six chapters and addresses the following topics:…

Fossey, Richard; DeMitchell, Todd A.; Eckes, Suzanne

2007-01-01

248

Public trust, the law, and financial investment  

Microsoft Academic Search

How does trust evolve in markets? What is the optimal level of regulation and how does this affect trust formation and economic growth? In a theoretical model, we analyze these questions, given the value of social capital and the potential for growth in the market. When social capital is valuable, regulation and trustfulness are substitutes. In this case, regulation may

Bruce Ian Carlin; Florin Dorobantu; S. Viswanathan

2009-01-01

249

LIBCSP - Public Law 103-43  

Cancer.gov

The House amendment but not the Senate bill contained a provision requiring a study to assess environmental and other potential factors contributing to the incidence of breast cancer in the counties of Nassau and Suffolk, in the state of New York, as well as in the two counties of the Northeast having the highest breast cancer mortality rates as identified by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, End Results program of the National Cancer Institute (NCI).

250

Public Attitudes and the Enforceability of Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study discusses the special characteristics of new communication and information technologies and how they are distinguished from traditional intellectual property. Computer programs, for example, are not only available in what appear to be infinite n...

P. T. Shattuck

1986-01-01

251

A Quantitative Analysis of Arkansas Principals' Knowledge of School Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to quantify the legal knowledge of Arkansas public school principals in seven areas: Arkansas law, constitutional issues, discipline, employee relations, federal law, special education/504, and tort liability and determine if significant relationships existed between legal knowledge recency of school law training,…

Smith, Christy Lack

2010-01-01

252

Charter Laws: Disaster, Detour, Irrelevant, or Reform Tool?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Charter laws have been the reform debate's path of least resistance. But the combination of regulatory barriers, open admissions, lack of consumer sovereignty, preferential funding of traditional public schools, and political control of prices means that charter laws may be irrelevant as reform catalysts, or worse. Even the strongest charter laws

Merrifield, John

2006-01-01

253

Improving Laws and Legal Authorities for Obesity Prevention and Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the second paper in a two part series on the laws and legal authorities for obesity prevention and control. In this paper, the authors present the applicable laws and legal authorities that public health professionals and lawyers can consider implementing to close the legal gaps identified in the first paper (“Assessing Laws and Legal Authorities for Obesity Prevention

Lawrence O. Gostin; Jennifer L. Pomeranz

2009-01-01

254

Suggestions for Revising Iranian Library Laws and Regulations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present Iranian library laws are incomplete, obsolete, and ineffective. Certain aspects of the Iranian school and public library standards described are based on the assumption that the laws will be improved in accordance with these suggestions. In a general way, this document attempts to build on the present laws and supplement them as well…

Harvey, John F.

255

The Yale Law Journal: Pocket Part  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most law students have heard of The Yale Law Journal, but they may not know about The Yale Law Journal Pocket Part. The Pocket Part supplements the scholarship and work of The Yale Law Journal by providing original essays and responses to articles printed in the Journal. Users of this site can read the complete contents of The Pocket Part here, and they can also search the archive by topic, including legislation, civil rights, and tort law. Of course, users are most welcome to submit pieces for publication consideration, and they can also contact the editors with more general queries and comments. Finally, there are also a number of relevant links offered here, including one to The Yale Law Journal.

256

Berkeley Center for Law & Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established at Berkeley's Boalt Hall in 1995, the mission of the Berkeley Center for Law & Technology is "to foster beneficial and ethical advancement of technology by promoting the understanding and guiding the development of intellectual property and related fields of law and policy as they intersect with business, science and technology." First-time visitors to their homepage can make their way through some of their new publications and papers, which can include everything from work on stem cell research ethics to international copyright law. By clicking on the "Research" section, visitors can learn more about faculty research and the scholarship of those persons working closely in affiliation with the Center through research appointments.

2008-01-01

257

Library Laws Handbook: State Laws Relating to Michigan Libraries. [Revised Edition].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents excerpts and copies of state laws relating to Michigan libraries. The following are included: Preamble of the Constitution of Michigan of 1963; Legislative Council Act (excerpt); Incompatible Public Offices; Freedom of Information Act; Open Meetings Act; Laws, Documents, and Reports (excerpts); Administrative Procedures Act…

Michigan Library, Lansing.

258

25 CFR 12.1 - Who is responsible for the Bureau of Indian Affairs law enforcement function?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Bureau of Indian Affairs-operated and contracted law enforcement programs, and for overall policy development and implementation of the Indian Law Enforcement Reform Act, Public Law 101-379 (25 U.S.C. 2801 et seq....

2011-04-01

259

46 CFR 6.01 - Procedures for effecting individual waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...effecting individual waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and regulations. 6...THE PUBLIC WAIVERS OF NAVIGATION AND VESSEL INSPECTION LAWS AND REGULATIONS 1 ...effecting individual waivers of navigation and vessel inspection laws and regulations....

2013-10-01

260

Innovations in Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" looks at historical and recent innovations in law. The first article examines the code of laws developed by the ancient Hebrews which influenced Roman law, English law, and the U.S. Declaration of Independence and Constitution. The second article explores Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of…

Martz, Carlton

2000-01-01

261

[Teaching about Family Law].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Focus on Law Studies""contains a special emphasis on teaching about law and the family", in the form of the following three articles: "Teaching Family Law: Growing Pains and All" (Susan Frelich Appleton); "The Family Goes to Court: Including Law in a Sociological Perspective on the Family" (Mary Ann Lamanna); and Michael Grossberg's…

Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

1992-01-01

262

Hyperphysics: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Hyperphysics page, from Georgia State University, provides detailed explanations for each of Kepler's Laws: the Law of Orbits, Law of Periods, and the Law of Areas. Each description offers appropriate formulas and equations as well as related images and graphics. Various links are provided throughout the article for related information.

Nave, Carl R.

2008-10-28

263

Enforceable social laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we study the enforcement of social laws in artificial social systems using a control system. We define the enforceable social law problem as an extension of Tennenholtz' stable social law problem. We distinguish the choice of social laws from the choice of control systems, where the latter leads to new computational problems. We consider also properties of

Guido Boella; Leendert W. N. van der Torre

2005-01-01

264

The Right to Strike for Pennsylvania's Public Employees--Its Scope, Limits and Ramifications for the Public Employer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of private labor rulings on Pennsylvania's public employee laws, public sector strikes and their implications, and Pennsylvania's public employee laws and the right to strike. Available from Duquesne Law Review, 901 Rockwell Hall, 600 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15219; sc $3.50. (Author/IRT)

Decker, Kurt H.

1978-01-01

265

The corruption process of a law enforcement officer: a paradigm of occupational stress and deviancy.  

PubMed

The public does not want all laws enforced. In the closed society of law enforcement institutions, police discretion, the conspiracy of silence, the lack of an administration with integrity, and susceptible law enforcement officers contribute to the development of corruption from occupational deviance. Corruption in law enforcement agencies may have similar roots in business, law, medicine, and other professions. Understanding the law enforcement corruption paradigm may therefore be helpful in correcting and curbing corruption in other professions. PMID:9785287

McCafferty, F L; Souryal, S; McCafferty, M A

1998-01-01

266

NASA and the practice of space law  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper discusses the need for increased awareness in space law due to advances in space technology and a trend toward commercialization of space. A list of national and international treaties, conventions, agreements, laws, and regulations relevant to space activities is presented. NASA lawyers specialize in international and municipal laws that affect the NASA space mission; an example of the lawyers working with insurance companies in negotiating the first Space Shuttle liability policy is provided. The increased participation of the public sector in space activities, for example, the commercialization of the Space Shuttle transportation system, is examined.

Hosenball, S. N.

1985-01-01

267

Ethics, Psychology, and Public Policy  

Microsoft Academic Search

An introduction to the Journal of Forensic Psychology's new section on “Ethics, Psychology, and Public Policy,” this essay outlines the contours that characterize the interrelationship between ethics, psychology, and public policy. Offering a broad and inclusive framework for understanding this interrelationship, it lays out and comments upon several spheres of analysis - the practical\\/professional, law, lawmaking, and public policy, justice

Christopher R. Williams

2009-01-01

268

Therapeutic jurisprudence and outpatient commitment law: Kendra's Law and case study.  

PubMed

This article considers the implications of assisted outpatient commitment laws (OPC), with specific focus on New York's "Kendra's Law" through the lens of therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ). In this article, the author offers perspectives on the relationship between involuntary civil commitment, outpatient commitment, and the concept of the "least restrictive alternative"; considers pertinent empirical research, and looks at OPC's controversial relationship to forced drugging. Here, the civil libertarian critique is briefly considered, as well as the MacArthur Research Network research. Finally, the author looks closely at Kendra's Law, providing a brief overview of the law itself, and identifying some "pressure points" and pivotal issues, and considers the TJ implications of Kendra's Law, to determine how it "fits" into the public's "take" on all of mental disability law. PMID:16700141

Perlin, Michael L

2003-01-01

269

Carrying guns in public: legal and public health implications.  

PubMed

In District of Columbia v. Heller, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Second Amendment protects an individual's right to own handguns in the home for protection, invalidating a Washington, D.C. law banning most handgun possession. The Heller decision, however, provided lower courts with little guidance regarding how to judge the constitutionality of gun laws other than handgun bans. Nevertheless, lower courts have upheld the vast majority of federal, state, and local gun laws challenged since Heller. One area in which some lower courts have disagreed has been the constitutionality of laws regulating the ability to carry firearms in public. This issue may be the next to be addressed by the Supreme Court under its evolving Second Amendment jurisprudence. Courts should carefully consider the negative public health and safety implications of gun carrying in public as they weigh the constitutionality of these laws. PMID:23590749

Vernick, Jon S

2013-03-01

270

Law and Education. Contemporary Issues and Court Decisions. Fourth Edition. Contemporary Legal Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents a comprehensive update on the current state of United States law as it affects public education. Part 1, which covers law and education, contains two chapters that explain the sources of educational law and the tools of legal research. Part 2, which examines law pertaining to local boards of education, comprises four chapters…

Hudgins, H. C., Jr.; Vacca, Richard C.

271

Towards Coherent Regulation of Law Enforcement Surveillance in the Network Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we study the evolution of telecommunications technology and its impact on law enforcement surveillance. Privacy and the need for law enforcement to conduct investigations have not been at the center of the recent public policy debate. Yet, policy environments have approved law enforcement surveillance that can be and is intrusive. Law enforcement surveillance therefore deserves particular attention

Serena Chan; L. Jean Camp

272

State Workers' Compensation Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report is comprised of tables of benefits, on a state by state basis, as required by law including: Type of Law and Insurance Requirements for Private Employment; Numerical Exemptions; Coverage of Agricultural Workers; Jurisdictions in Which Workers' ...

1992-01-01

273

State Workers' Compensation Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document contents include: Type of law and insurance requirements for private employment; Numerical exemptions; Coverage of agricultural workers; Jurisdictions in which workers' compensation laws apply to domestic employment; Medical benefits and meth...

1989-01-01

274

State Workers' Compensation Laws.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Table of Contents: Type of Law and Insurance Requirements for Private Employment; Numerical Exemptions; Coverage of Agricultural Workers; Jurisdictions in Which Workers' Compensation Laws Aply to Domestic Employment; Medical Benefits and Methods of Physic...

1990-01-01

275

Generalized law for aftershocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A generalized law for aftershock decay rates is provided through the combination of the Gutenberg-Richter frequency magnitude relation, Bath's law, and the modified Omori's law. Several large quakes with readily identified aftershocks were studied. Results indicate that aftershock decay rates depended on several parameters specific to each seismic region. It was found that the law can be used to forecast the rate of aftershock occurrence after specific information about the main shock's magnitude and the area's land is known.

Shcherbakov, Robert; Rundle, John B.; Turcotte, Donald L.; Agu

276

Alabama Marine Law Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Alabama Marine Law Program at the University of Alabama Law Center was funded from January 1, 1979 to May 31, 1982. During this period, the Program had as its continuing objective research, service and education in issues relating to law and the coast...

1982-01-01

277

Communication, Law, and Justice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author takes the position that communication is an essential, but often overlooked component of law and justice; furthermore, some of the current problems in the area of law and justice are basically communication problems. The author traces the early development of communication and law as closely related disciplines, with emphasis on the…

Anapol, Malthon M.

278

Kepler and his Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson discusses the work of Tycho Brahe and his connection with Johannes Kepler. Students will receive an introduction to conic sections along with Kepler's laws and observe the mathematical formulation of the third law, and its explicit form for artificial Earth satellites. In addition, the student will confirm Kepler's third law by comparing orbital periods and mean distances for all major planets.

Stern, David

279

Laws of Thermodynamics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson explains the two laws of thermodynamics that govern the relationship between energy and natural systems. These are the Law of Conservation of Energy and Law of Entropy. Key terms are hyperlinked so that students can easily find definitions to unfamiliar words.

2012-06-11

280

Print media coverage of California's smokefree bar law  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE—To assess the print media coverage of California's smokefree bar law in the state of California.?DESIGN—Content analysis of newspaper, trade journal, and magazine items.?SUBJECTS—Items regarding the smokefree bar law published seven months before and one year following the implementation of the smokefree bar law (June 1997 to December 1998). Items consisted of news articles (n = 446), opinion editorials (n = 31), editorials (n = 104), letters to the editor (n = 240), and cartoons (n = 10).?MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—Number and timing of publication of items, presence of tobacco industry arguments or public health arguments regarding law, positive, negative, and neutral views of opinion items published.?RESULTS—53% of items published concerning the smokefree bar law were news articles, 47% were opinion items. 45% of items regarding the smokefree bar law were published during the first month of implementation. The tobacco industry dominated coverage in most categories (economics, choice, enforcement, ventilation, legislation, individual quotes), except for categories public health used the most frequently (government role, tactics, organisational quotes). Anti-law editorials and letters to the editor were published more than pro-law editorials and letters. Region of the state, paper size, presence of local clean indoor air legislation, and voting on tobacco related ballot initiatives did not have an impact on the presence of opinion items.?CONCLUSIONS—The tobacco industry succeeded in obtaining more coverage of the smokefree bar law, both in news items and opinion items. The tobacco industry used historical arguments of restricting freedom of choice and economic ramifications in fighting the smokefree bar law, while public health groups focused on the worker protection issue, and exposed tobacco industry tactics. Despite the skewed coverage, public health groups obtained adequate attention to their arguments to keep the law in effect.???Keywords: content analysis; politics; passive smoking; smokefree bar law; California

Magzamen, S.; Charlesworth, A.; Glantz, S.

2001-01-01

281

Approximation of Laws  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Approximation of laws is an important theme in the philosophy of science. If we can make sense of the idea that two scientific laws are "close" to each other, then we can also analyze such methodological notions as approximate explanation of laws, approximate reduction of theories, approximate empirical success of theories, and approximate truth of laws. Proposals for measuring the distance between quantitative scientific laws were given in Niiniluoto (1982, 1987). In this paper, these definitions are reconsidered as a response to the interesting critical remarks by Liu (1999).

Niiniluoto, Ilkka

2014-03-01

282

76 FR 78874 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification-Further...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification--Further Implementation...Acquisition Regulation Supplement to conform statutory titles to the new Positive Law Codification of Title 41, United States Code, ``Public...

2011-12-20

283

77 FR 35879 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification-Further...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification--Further...Supplement (DFARS) to conform statutory titles throughout the DFARS to the new Positive Law Codification of Title 41, United States Code, ``Public...

2012-06-15

284

43 CFR 6304.11 - What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...What special provisions apply to operations under the mining laws? 6304.11 Section 6304.11 Public...Addressed in Special Provisions of the Wilderness Act Mining Under the General Mining Laws § 6304.11 What special provisions...

2013-10-01

285

Testimony on Implementation of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (Public Law 99-603). Presented before the Subcommitee on Immigration and Refugee Policy, Committee on the Judiciary, United States Senate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hispanics--affected more than any other ethnic group by immigration laws--have a profound interest in the implementation of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. The National Council of La Raza holds the following views: (1) the proposed regulations implementing the Act are unacceptable; (2) the capacity and resources necessary for…

Kamasaki, Charles

286

Drinking-Age Laws: An Evaluation Synthesis of Their Impact on Highway Safety. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight, Committee on Public Works and Transportation, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined existing evaluations of drinking-age laws to determine the extent to which they provide empirical support for federal and state initiatives to change the legal drinking age. It specifically examined the effects that raising the minimum drinking age has had on traffic accidents, beverage alcohol consumption, driving after…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.

287

Sunday Liquor Laws and Crime  

PubMed Central

Many jurisdictions have considered relaxing Sunday alcohol sales restrictions, yet such restrictions' effects on public health remain poorly understood. This paper analyzes the effects of legalization of Sunday packaged liquor sales on crime, focusing on the phased introduction of such sales in Virginia beginning in 2004. Differences-in-differences and triple-differences estimates indicate the liberalization increased minor crime by 5% and alcohol-involved serious crime by 10%. The law change did not affect domestic crime or induce significant geographic or inter-temporal crime displacement. The costs of this additional crime are comparable to the state's revenues from increased liquor sales.

Heaton, Paul

2011-01-01

288

IDEA 1997--"Inclusion Is the Law."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper stresses that the word "inclusion" is not used in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and that the law calls for students with disabilities to be provided with a free, appropriate public education in the least restrictive environment. Ten 1997-1999 court cases that address the placement of students with disabilities…

Sultana, Qaisar

289

The Yearbook of Education Law 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Yearbook of Education Law contains analyses of the previous year's federal and state court decisions that affect private and public elementary and secondary schools and higher education. The Yearbook provides summaries and analyses of relevant state appellate and federal trial and appellate court cases. Contents include: (1) Employees; (2)…

Russo, Charles, Ed.

2008-01-01

290

Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, 2000.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication presents tables, charts, and narrative comments addressing the number of law enforcement officers killed and assaulted in the line of duty. The unit of count is the victim officer, not the number of incidents nor weapons employed. In tabu...

2001-01-01

291

A New Model that Generates Lotka's Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develops a new model for a process that generates Lotka's Law. Topics include measuring scientific productivity through the number of publications; rate of production; career duration; randomness; Poisson distribution; computer simulations; goodness-of-fit; theoretical support for the model; and future research. (Author/LRW)

Huber, John C.

2002-01-01

292

Law, policy, and involuntary emergency room visits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors present data showing that the number of mentally ill individuals brought by police officers to psychiatric emergency rooms in New York City increased by 69 percent from 1983 to 1989. They conclude that while the statutory criteria for the involuntary removal of mentally ill persons to hospitals have not changed, case law decisions and public policies that facilitate

Neal L. Cohen; Luis R. Marcos

1990-01-01

293

Monitoring and Decreasing Public Smoking among Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of tobacco possession laws on public smoking among youth. There were two intervention sites: a fast food restaurant and a shopping mall. Two control sites were also monitored for public smoking among youth. Preliminary findings suggest that when police issued tickets to minors for violating tobacco possession laws,…

Jason, Leonard A.; Pokorny, Steven B.; Sanem, Julia R.; Adams, Monica L.

2006-01-01

294

Working mothers, breastfeeding, and the law.  

PubMed

Workplace barriers contribute to low rates of breastfeeding. Research shows that supportive state laws correlate with higher rates, yet by 2009, only 23 states had adopted any laws to encourage breastfeeding in the workplace. Federal law provided virtually no protection to working mothers until the 2010 enactment of the "reasonable break time" provision of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. This provision nonetheless leaves many working mothers uncovered, requires break time only to pump for (not feed) children younger than 1 year, and exempts small employers that demonstrate hardship. Public health professionals should explore ways to improve legal support for all working mothers wishing to breastfeed. Researchers should identify the laws that are most effective and assist policymakers in translating them into policy. PMID:21164100

Murtagh, Lindsey; Moulton, Anthony D

2011-02-01

295

Combating Drugs in America: Putting the Drug Strategy into Action. Hearing on Examining the Administration's Drug Strategy and How It Relates to the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act (Public Law 103-322) before the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the passage of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, a Senate hearing was held to examine whether the prescriptions set forth in the Act could function and how they could be implemented as part of the U.S. government's drug strategy. This transcript of the hearing contains statements (in order) by: Senators Joseph R. Biden…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

296

Contents Pages From Law Reviews and Other Scholarly Journals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The University of Texas at Austin's Tarleton Law Library provides this simple and powerful current awareness tool to help law researchers keep abreast of articles in the over 750 law reviews and scholarly publications Tarleton receives. The library posts tables of contents for journals it has received within the past three months. Journals are listed alphabetically and organized in very broad geographic terms (US and non-US). Simple keyword searching is available. TLL provides document delivery of requested articles for a fee.

1998-01-01

297

Audiovisual Library of International Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The United Nations' Audiovisual Library of International Law was first proposed in 1997, and in recent years it has grown by leaps and bounds. It is a unique multimedia resource that provides "high quality international law training and research materials to an unlimited number of recipients on a global level." The Library consists of a "Historic Archives" section, along with a "Lecture Series" section, and an online research library with links to treaties, jurisprudence, publications, and research guides. In the "Historic Archives" section, visitors will find a drop-down menu with links to topics such as disarmament, human rights, and the laws of outer space. The "Lecture Series" section includes dozens of lectures organized by subject matter headings ranging from the Arctic to the United Nations. Subject experts deliver the video lectures and it's easy to see how these talks could be used to complement classroom lectures and discussions. Finally, the research library is a great tool for those seeking to explore various facets of United Nations treaties and other aspects of international jurisprudence. As a bonus, the site starts off with Orson Welles reading the Preamble to the Charter of the United Nations. [KMG

298

43 CFR 4.474 - Authority of administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of the Interior DEPARTMENT HEARINGS AND APPEALS PROCEDURES Special Rules Applicable to Public Land Hearings and Appeals Grazing Procedures (inside and Outside Grazing Districts) § 4.474 Authority of administrative law...

2013-10-01

299

25 CFR 273.52 - State school laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false State school laws. 273.52 Section 273.52...Contract Requirements § 273.52 State school laws. In those States where...following purposes: (a) Inspecting school conditions in the public schools...

2011-04-01

300

Do School Bully Laws Align with Prevention Best Practices?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines state-level school laws that emerged over the last decade with regard to bully prevention. The purpose is to determine, among states that legally mandate public schools to address bullying, how extensively they have incorporated language representing the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention levels. State bully laws

Edmondson, Lynne; Zeman, Laura Dreuth

2011-01-01

301

36 CFR 905.737-101 - Applicable provisions of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false Applicable provisions of law. 905.737-101 Section 905.737-101 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...Responsibilities of Former Employees-Enforcement § 905.737-101 Applicable provisions of law. Former...

2009-07-01

302

36 CFR 905.737-101 - Applicable provisions of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false Applicable provisions of law. 905.737-101 Section 905.737-101 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...Responsibilities of Former Employees-Enforcement § 905.737-101 Applicable provisions of law. Former...

2010-07-01

303

36 CFR 905.737-101 - Applicable provisions of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2012-07-01 true Applicable provisions of law. 905.737-101 Section 905.737-101 Parks, Forests, and Public Property PENNSYLVANIA...Responsibilities of Former Employees-Enforcement § 905.737-101 Applicable provisions of law. Former...

2013-07-01

304

The Internet and the Law: What Educators Need To Know.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses the key legal issues public schools face in using the World Wide Web, e-mail, and other computer technologies. Chapter 1 covers the foundations of school Internet law, including Supreme Court decisions, the legal standard of conduct, standards for technology literacy, and federal vs. state law. Chapter 2 discusses freedom of…

Conn, Kathleen

305

Library Laws of Ohio in Force May 1, 1975.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State legislation on libraries in Ohio is presented in this report. An introductory chapter covers some of the major characteristics and provisions of these laws, in historical perspective and in the current state of public library organization, tax support, and financing. Federal library laws are reviewed, as is the role of the state library, and…

Ohio State Library, Columbus.

306

Law, Teleology and International Relations: An Essay in Counterdisciplinarity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interdisciplinary approaches often bemoan international law’s lack of theoretical sophistication and naďve utopianism. Instead of offering effective tools of governance, it seems committed to outdated ideas about an international public realm and a dubious teleology of progress. This essay – given as the E. H. Carr lecture at the University of Aberystwyth in 2011 – reviews efforts to reform international

Martti Koskenniemi

2012-01-01

307

Author Inflation Leads to a Breakdown of Lotka's Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an empirical study using publication data from Dutch physics institutes which shows that Lotka's law breaks down when articles with a large number of authors are included in the bibliography. Suggests that from a mathematical point of view, large groups of authors destroy the underlying explanations of informetric laws. (Author/LRW)

Kretschmer, Hildrun; Rousseau, Ronald

2001-01-01

308

Newspapers and Law-Related Education. Grades 5-9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist teachers of students in grades 5-7 who wish to use the newspaper as a supplemental tool in law-related education, this guide provides model lessons demonstrating ways in which the daily newspaper can enhance textbook material. Although the guide is based on ongoing law-related education programs in the St. Louis Public Schools,…

Diamond, Sandra; Riekes, Linda

309

Newspapers and Law-Related Education. Grades 10-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist teachers of students in grades 10-12 who wish to use the newspaper as a supplemental tool in law-related education, this guide provides model lessons demonstrating ways in which the daily newspaper can enhance textbook material. Although the guide is based on ongoing law-related education programs in St. Louis Public Schools, it…

Diamond, Sandra; Riekes, Linda

310

Equality v. Liberty v. Pluralism: Latinos in American Constitutional Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how U.S. courts, particularly the Supreme Court, have applied constitutional law principles to Latino communities and individuals in three areas: public education, the status of Puerto Rico, and jury selection. Consistent with traditional views of American society as biracial (black and white), constitutional law discussions…

Soltero, Carlos R.

311

Newton's Law of Gravitation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The two activities included in this guide introduce students to the principles behind Newton's Law of Gravitation and help students learn aspects of the law in an interesting and engaging way. This guide provides teachers with background information pertaining to the activities, preparation suggestions for each activity, as well as material lists, and demonstrations. The activity guide assumes knowledge of Newton's Second Law of Motion, can be tailored for the level of the students, and can be completed individually or in groups. This is the last of four posters on Newton's Laws and a copy of the wallsheet intended to accompany these activities is available on this website.

312

Bullying Policies and Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Policies & Laws | Espańol Search Stopbullying.gov WHAT IS BULLYING Definition The Roles Kids Play Related Topics CYBER BULLYING What is Cyberbullying? Prevent Cyberbullying Report Cyberbullying WHO ...

313

German Law Archive  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Maintained by Gerhard Dannemann of the Centre for the Advanced Study of European and Comparative Law at University of Oxford, this site features cases, literature, and bibliographies on German law. Documents contained in the archive are organized in four sections: Judgments and other decisions by German courts; Statues: Acts of Parliament and statutory instruments; Literature on German law; and Bibliographies on German law. Additional resources include an internal search engine and related links. Some of the sections are still under development, and information for potential contributors to the archive is provided.

314

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

Justice, U. S.

315

Breastfeeding in Public  

MedlinePLUS

... sheet describes the Reasonable Break Time for Nursing Mothers law and how it works. In the Best Interest of Breastfed Children (Copyright © La Leche League International) - This publication explains why it is ... or divorce. A mother must educate everyone involved about the importance of ...

316

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...FTCA coverage) apply to compacts, funding agreements and construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public...FTCA coverage) apply to compacts, funding agreements and construction project agreements? Yes, regulations governing...

2012-10-01

317

School Law Update...Preventive School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide variety of contemporary legal issues are addressed in the 15 separate papers that make up this volume. The introductory chapter by William C. Bednar, Jr. provides a broad-based rationale for "Preventive School Law." Chapters 2 and 3, both by Gerald A. Caplan, review "Current Issues in Reduction-in-Force" and "First Amendment Claims by…

Jones, Thomas N., Ed.; Semler, Darel P., Ed.

318

75 FR 8990 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal and Opportunity for Public Meeting; California  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...application. The lands will remain open to the mineral leasing, geothermal leasing, mineral materials, and public land laws. DATES...U.S.C. 22 et seq.), but not the mineral leasing, geothermal leasing, mineral materials laws, or the public land...

2010-02-26

319

LawGuru.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LawGuru.com is an exhaustive resource for free legal information. The site provides access to more than 430 legal search engines and databases, including a feature that allows parallel searching of multiple databases. The site also maintains the LawGuru.com BBS, a searchable database of legal questions posted by users accompanied by responses from one of the more than 320 practicing attorneys in the LawGuru.com network. Currently the BBS database contains over 4,000 legal questions divided into more than 25 categories. In addition, LawGuru.com provides a collection of fifteen FAQs written on various legal issues, links to over 500 legal Internet resources, and information on over 600 associated electronic mailing lists. Recently, LawGuru.com began hosting the Internet Law Library (see the May 3, 1996 Scout Report), a comprehensive resource formerly maintained by the US House of Representatives. LawGuru.com is operated by The Law Offices of Eslamboly & Barlavi (California).

320

Information Law and Copyright.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because of information law's inability to keep up with rapid changes in information technology and impreciseness of the law, copyrighting of databases poses unique problems. Interpretation of fair use doctrine, privately owned computer "downloading," impact of federal electronic filing, and questions concerning information businesses need to be…

Marx, Peter A.

1986-01-01

321

Reinventing Howard's Law School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes efforts by Alice Gresham Bullock, dean of the Howard University School of Law, to improve the school (including building a new library and improving relations with faculty) and restore Howard to its previous stature as a leader in civil rights law. (EV)

Glenn, Gwendolyn

2001-01-01

322

Know Your Laws. Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Spanish language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of…

Watson, Joan Q.; Ackerson, Leonor

323

Scaling Laws for SGEMP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Scaling laws for the nonlinear system-generated electromagnetic pulse (SGEMP) problem are defined and resulting implications for theory and experiments are explored. The scaling laws are used to present calculations in a scaled format which permits display of responses to a wide range of variations in fluence, spectrum, pulse width, and characteristic dimension. Interesting trends in the solutions as a function

A. J. Woods; E. P. Wenaas

1976-01-01

324

Social Studies: Law Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 11 series, texts, supplements, kits, and professional references for law instruction, including civil and criminal law, the Bill of Rights, and controversial legal issues: arson, gun control, capital punishment, and euthanasia. While all grade levels are covered, the emphasis is on secondary-level materials. (SJL)

Curriculum Review, 1979

1979-01-01

325

Teaching Information Technology Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we discuss an approach to the teaching of information technology law to higher education computing students that attempts to prepare them for professional computing practice. As information technology has become ubiquitous its interactions with the law have become more numerous. Information technology practitioners, and in particular…

Taylor, M. J.; Jones, R. P.; Haggerty, J.; Gresty, D.

2009-01-01

326

Pop Goes the Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Law School Admission Council recently reported that applications were heading toward a 30-year low, reflecting, as a "New York Times" article put it, "increased concern over soaring tuition, crushing student debt, and diminishing prospects of lucrative employment upon graduation." Since 2004 the number of law-school applicants has dropped from…

Harper, Steven J.

2013-01-01

327

Law Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal edition focuses upon the many resources for teachers to draw upon in order to infuse law-related education (LRE) into their classrooms. Isidore Starr explains the reasons behind the LRE movement, while Mabel McKinney-Browning describes the existing American Bar Association's programs in LRE. Judith Zimmer covers the Street Law

Maslow, R., Ed.; Kirchgaessner, R., Ed.

1989-01-01

328

Science and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explaines the role of the Carnegie Commission which was formed to explore the relationship between the disciplines of science, technology, and the law. Discusses concerns about the individual right of privacy in projects such as the Human Genome Project. Focuses on the panel on Science, Technology, and Law which was established in 1999. (YDS)

Kennedy, Donald; Merrill, Richard A.

2000-01-01

329

Laws of data refinement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A specification language typically contains sophisticated data types that are expensive or even impossible to implement. Their replacement with simpler or more efficiently implementable types during the programming process is called data refinement. We give a new formal definiton of data refinement and use it to derive some basic laws. The derived laws are constructive in that used in conjunction

Joseph M. Morris

1989-01-01

330

Laws for Young Mountaineers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet introduces secondary grade students to the criminal laws of West Virginia. It can easily be adapted and used by educators in other states. The authors believe that young people must recognize and understand these laws and the mechanisms which society uses to implement and enforce them if they are to function as an integral, important,…

Kanawha County Board of Education, Charleston, WV.

331

Lotka's Law Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the literature that has become associated with Lotka's Law of Scientific Productivity (a general theoretical estimate of author productivity in the sciences) and attempts to identify the important factors of Lotka's original methodology that should be considered when attempting to test applicability of Lotka's Law. Forty-seven references…

Potter, William Gray

1981-01-01

332

Physics Flashlets: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simulation illustrates Kepler's Second Law, that orbits sweep out equal areas during equal intervals of time, for any part of the orbit. The user can choose from three buttons between circular or increasingly elliptical orbits to observe that the law holds in all cases.

Fowler, Michael; Welch, Heather

2008-10-05

333

The law and neuroscience.  

PubMed

Some of the implications for law of recent discoveries in neuroscience are considered in a new program established by the MacArthur Foundation. A group of neuroscientists, lawyers, philosophers, and jurists are examining issues in criminal law and, in particular, problems in responsibility and prediction and problems in legal decision making. PMID:18995814

Gazzaniga, Michael S

2008-11-01

334

Ohm's Law 2  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this extension to the Ohm's Law I activity, students observe just how much time it takes to use up the "juice" in a battery, and if it is better to use batteries in series or parallel. This extension is suitable as a teacher demonstration and may be started before students begin work on the Ohm's Law I activity.

K-12 Outreach Office,

335

Nanotechnology and the Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Law and nanotechnology form a vast subject. The aim here will be to examine them from the societal standpoint of nanoethics, if necessary without due reference to the work that has been undertaken. For while law differs from ethics, as we shall attempt to explain throughout this reflection, it must also be studied in its relationship with social realities.

Desmoulin-Canselier, Sonia; Lacour, Stéphanie

336

International resources law  

SciTech Connect

This book covers: Historical origins of civil code legal systems; Modern civil law practice for mineral lawyers; Treaties and agreements for protection of international investments; Europe 1992-toward a single energy market; Dispute resolution in international agreements; Assessment of political risk; Reducing political risk; Protecting mineral investments from upheaval in developing countries; Typical world petroleum arrangements; government take in the Pacific Rim - Papua New Guinea; Mineral base of the USSR and prospects of investment; International taxation for the mining practitioner; Tax considerations - branch versus subsidiary; Doing business in the host country - nontax considerations; Impact of host-country laws on operations and profits; Mineral development and native rights - New Zealand; Designing the investment vehicle: mining; International oil and gas joint ventures; Selected U.S. laws with extraterritorial effect; U.S. tax and securities laws applied to foreign joint venturers; and Extraterritorial effect of U.S. laws.

Not Available

1991-01-01

337

Impact crater scaling laws  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Impact craters are numerous on planetary bodies and furnish important information about the composition and past histories of those bodies. The interpretation of that information requires knowledge about the fundamental aspects of impact cratering mechanics. Since the typical conditions of impacts are at a size scale and velocity far in excess of experimental capabilities, direct simulations are precluded. Therefore, one must rely on extrapolation from experiments of relatively slow impacts of very small bodies, using physically based scaling laws, or must study the actual cases of interest using numerical code solutions of the fundamental physical laws that govern these processes. A progress report is presented on research on impact cratering scaling laws, on numerical studies that were designed to investigate those laws, and on various applications of the scaling laws developed by the author and his colleagues. These applications are briefly reviewed.

Holsapple, K. A.

1987-01-01

338

Florida Law Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Florida Law Collections document the laws and legal heritage of Florida through a wide range of texts digitized from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center, the State Library, and Archives of Florida, and several other key institutions. Specifically, the collection includes issues of the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, the Florida Historical Legal Documents collection, a Florida Water Law collection that is particularly noteworthy, as well as other general texts on Florida laws, the legislative process, and government. Given the debates over water rights and usage throughout the state, the Water Law collection is a real find, and visitors can search over 7300 documents within the collection. From the homepage, visitors can perform advanced searches and also look over recently added items. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive their RSS feed and contact the site administrators with any additional queries they might have.

339

Stanford Technology Law Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, sponsored by the Stanford University Law School, among others, "publishes articles, book reviews, and working papers within the intersection of law, policy, and science/technology." At present one article and three working papers are available. They cover topics such as the Reno v. ACLU decision, who the makers of law in cyberspace should be, how cyberlaw might be different from other law, and changes in evidentiary privileges as a result of the advances in telecommunications. Authors range from litigation counsels at MCI to Eugene Volokh and Lawrence Lessig, University of California-Los Angeles and Harvard University Law professors respectively. The site also contains a virtual symposium on "cloning sheep, cloning people." Note that papers and articles are available in multiple formats.

1997-01-01

340

Public Health Legal Preparedness in Indian Country  

PubMed Central

American Indian/Alaska Native tribal governments are sovereign entities with inherent authority to create laws and enact health regulations. Laws are an essential tool for ensuring effective public health responses to emerging threats. To analyze how tribal laws support public health practice in tribal communities, we reviewed tribal legal documentation available through online databases and talked with subject-matter experts in tribal public health law. Of the 70 tribal codes we found, 14 (20%) had no clearly identifiable public health provisions. The public health–related statutes within the remaining codes were rarely well integrated or comprehensive. Our findings provide an evidence base to help tribal leaders strengthen public health legal foundations in tribal communities.

Schaefer, Rebecca McLaughlin; DeBruyn, Lemyra; Stier, Daniel D.

2009-01-01

341

76 FR 29754 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Background and Brief Description The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, Subtitle A of Public...severe threat to public health and safety. The Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002, Subtitle B of Public Law...

2011-05-23

342

ECOLEX: A Gateway to Environmental Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A joint project of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and IUCN -- The World Conservation Union, this site is intended to serve as a gateway to information on legal instruments and materials related to environmental management. The site draws on IUCN's Environmental Law Information System (ELIS) and links to full-text information available from UNEP's Computerised Environmental Law Information Base (CELIB) and other authoritative sources. The seven databases on the site can be browsed by subject, jurisdiction, jurisdictional field of application, judge, or date. Users may also perform keyword searches. Publication information is provided when texts are not available online. Most of the site is also available in French and Spanish.

343

[Teaching about Law and Literature].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Focus on Law Studies" contains a special emphasis on teaching about law and literature, in the form of the following six articles: "Law and Literature: New Combinations in Teaching" (John Paul Ryan); "Teaching Law and American Literature" (Janet Eldred); "Teaching Law with Sacco, Vanzetti, and the Rosenbergs" (Susan N. Herman); Ann…

Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

1993-01-01

344

GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE LAW  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic theory can provide insight into the general structure of the law and the organization of topics in this encyclopedia. After arguing that all of law is contract law, I show how economics can be used to explain the choice between criminal law and tort law, liability rules and property rights, prior regulation and post liability, restitution and torts, and

Donald Wittman

345

Norm Spreading or Behavioral Compensating: Do the Clean Indoor Air Laws Increase Voluntary Home Smoke Free Rules?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Second hand smoke is a health hazard for nonsmokers that can be prevented through adoption of clean indoor air laws. The adoption of clean indoor air laws for public places in many jurisdictions creates a concern that these laws will lead to more, or at least unchanged, smoking at home, which would reduce the effectiveness of these laws. We find

Kai-Wen Cheng; James Lightwood; Stanton Glantz

2010-01-01

346

A National Partnership for Careers in Public Safety and Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A partnership of state, local and federal public safety agencies, secondary and postsecondary educational institutions, and professional and educational associations, the National Partnership for Careers in Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security also serves as the lead organization for the Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security Career…

Coffee, Joseph

2007-01-01

347

42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY SUPPORTED SANCTUARY SYSTEM § 9.13 Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that...

2012-10-01

348

42 CFR 9.13 - Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that apply to the sanctuary.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS STANDARDS OF CARE FOR CHIMPANZEES HELD IN THE FEDERALLY SUPPORTED SANCTUARY SYSTEM § 9.13 Other federal laws, regulations, and statutes that...

2013-10-01

349

FindLaw Constitutional Law Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This offering from FindLaw (last discussed in the January 15, 1999 Scout Report) focuses on the US Constitution. The site is composed of two primary sections. The first offers an annotated Constitution, commentary on selected topics with links to key sections of the Constitution or The Federalist Papers, a history of the Constitution, and brief biographies of notable "Founding Fathers" and delegates to the Constitutional Convention. The second section highlights the Third Branch of government, with a history of the Supreme Court, landmark decisions regarding civil rights with the full opinions, a summary and analysis of the criminal law and procedure decisions of the October 1998 Supreme Court Term, and several links for current Supreme Court news and information. Both sections also feature a search engine. Additional resources at the site include a Town Hall section that explores Hot Topics (currently flag burning) and message boards on a wide variety of Constitutional issues.

1994-01-01

350

Ideal Gas Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab manual contains descriptions of a series of laboratories covering the ideal gas laws and ideal gas processes. These experiments are designed for introductory high school and college introductory physics, chemistry, and engineering courses. Each experiment includes the intended audience, learning goals, and a short introduction to the physics. The experiments include Boyleâs Law, work done in an isothermal process, adiabatic processes, thermodynamic cycles, and the heat capacity of a gas. These labs are designed for an adiabatic gas law apparatus developed at Andrews University.

Kutzner, Mickey; Wong, Peter

2011-11-18

351

"State of Arizona Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook" for State Grants under Title IX, Part C, Section 9302 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Public Law 107-110). Revised May 1, 2009. Final Submission  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides instructions for completing the State of Arizona's Consolidated State Application Accountability Workbook. The first part provides an overview of States' implementation of the critical elements required for approval of their State accountability systems. The second part presents the state's response and activities for…

Arizona Department of Education, 2009

2009-01-01

352

Vocational and Applied Technology Education Annual Performance Report for Program Year 1994. Submitted to the United States Secretary of Education under the Provisions of Public Law 101-392, the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately 1 million individuals in Texas participated in career and technical programs, services, and activities offered at the secondary, postsecondary, and adult levels of education by public schools and community colleges in program year 1994. Secondary core standards and measures of performance were adopted in 1993. Sixty-nine federally…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

353

The LSU Law Center -- Canada Bijuralism Conference. Introduction: Global Law and the Law School Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces papers from a conference focused on the bijural programs of Louisiana State University Law Center and McGill University Faculty of Law. The programs educate all first-degree law students in both the common law and civil law traditions, preparing them for the increasing globalization of legal practice. (EV)

Costonis, John J.

2002-01-01

354

New State Forest Practice Laws. A review of state laws and their natural resource data requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Forest practice regulations can be established by being specified in state law or by being promulgated by some other official body delegated the authority to do so. At the state level, public regulation of private forest practices resulted in many cases, in the enactment of state forest practice laws regulating both private, and in some cases, public landowner activities. These laws aim not only to protect natural environments, but also to encourage continuous productivity of forest lands, to maintain or enhance aesthetic values, and to serve as an implementing mechanism to control water pollution. Profiles of regulations in California, Idaho, Maine, Nevada, New Hampshire, Oregon, and Washington are examined and assessed. Voluntary guidelines in use in 18 states are summarized.

Klein, S. B.

1980-01-01

355

Considerations for the Social Science Librarian Using Library of Congress Class K (Law) Schedules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the impact of the publication of the Library of Congress Class K (Law) schedules on the classification of law-related materials for the social science librarian. Factors are noted which contribute to a growing division of law related materials in many libraries. Four references are listed. (EJS)

Wade, Howard Hugh; Hyatt, Dennis

1979-01-01

356

Impact of Housekeeping on Lead Exposure in Indoor Law Enforcement Shooting Ranges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Law enforcement agencies have proposed efforts to phase out the use of lead containing ammunition with non-lead substitutes to reduce harmful effects to wildlife, law enforcement officers, and the general public. Industrial hygiene evaluations were performed at two law enforcement indoor shooting ranges to compare personal lead exposures to shooters using leaded and non-lead primer ammunition during normal training activities.

Erika E. Scott; Nicholas Pavelchak; Ron DePersis

2012-01-01

357

The matching law  

PubMed Central

The matching law may be viewed either as an empirical generalization, and therby subject to disproof, or as part of a system of equations used to define the utility (“value”) of a reinforcer. In the latter case it is tautologous, and not subject to disproof within the defining context. A failure to obtain matching will most often be a signal that the independent variables have not been properly scaled. If, however, the proper transformations have been made on the independent variables, and matching is not obtained, the experimental paradigm may be outside the purview of the matching law. At that point, reinterpretations or revisions of the law are called for. The theoretical matching law is but one of many possible ways to define utility, and it may eventually be rejected in favor of a more useful definition.

Killeen, Peter

1972-01-01

358

Civil Law Study Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study guide is intended to be a convenient reference for use by Navy and Marine Corps personnel on civil law subjects. Those subjects include, inter alia, JAG Manual investigations, enlisted administrative separations, officer personnel matters, rela...

1987-01-01

359

Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The representation depicts a truck with a ladder on its roof stopping quickly so that the ladder is thrown from the top of the truck. The representation is contained within a slide show explaining Newton's 1st Law of Motion.

360

Model State Idling Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In May, 2004, at the National Idle Reduction Planning Conference in Albany, New York, representatives from the trucking industry identified the inconsistent pattern and design of state and local vehicle idle restriction laws as a barrier to greater implem...

2006-01-01

361

The Abortion Law Homepage  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This privately posted page offers extensive and highly credible information on legislation and jurisprudence relating to abortion in the US. The site offers thoroughly linked discussions of constitutional law, Roe v. Wade, Planned Parenthood v. Casey, state and federal abortion laws, including partial-birth abortion laws, and much more. The hypertext links are to primary documents including court decisions, texts of legislation, court briefs, and oral argument transcripts. There is also an index to primary documents for ease of access. We found the page to have no political agenda. As the author states, "this page is being constructed to help people, regardless of their political bent, understand the background and state of abortion law in America, and access related legal material--especially that which is less available and less well known."

362

Newton's Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of web pages, part of From Stargazers to Starships, describes Newton's three laws of motion and the two concepts on which they are based, force and inertia. A lesson plan for instructors is also provided.

Stern, David P.

2004-10-09

363

What Is Benford's Law?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The surprising property of many data sets that their first significant digits follow Benford's Law provides examples that can pique and hold students' interest. Several ideas for student activities are presented.

Bradley, Jonathan R.; Farnsworth, David L.

2009-01-01

364

Law Enforcement Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Serving as a sworn officer of the law continues to be one of the most demanding professions in the country, and those in the field will certainly appreciate the website of Law Enforcement Technology. This monthly magazine concentrates primarily on the emerging trends in the field of law enforcement technology, such as the use of computers, refined body armor designs, and of course, improvements in weaponry and forensics. On their website, visitors can read articles about new data management systems, mobile license plate readers, and innovative flashlights. Along with these feature articles, each issue contains information about funding opportunities for law enforcement technology initiatives and new developments in software technology. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive email notifications about job opportunities and promotional offers.

365

Distracted Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... 3 restrict school bus drivers from texting. Crash Data Collection: Nearly all states include at least one category ... Criteria (MMUCC) guideline provides best practices on distraction data collection. Preemption Laws: Many localities have passed their own ...

366

A Common Law Mortgage on a Common Law Lease on a Space Resource is Legally Available  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space Objects are subject to the law of the launching states under the Outer Space Treaty, but space resources, those natural resources already located in space, are not subject to any law other than the treaty laws applicable thereto. In this case of "creditor's rights," there is a void in the treaty regime, except for the proposition that all space resources are public property, (thus inferring that private ownership is not legally possible). However, the law of public property clearly allows possessory estates on common grounds that are not official monuments. The common law development for 750 years has maintained possessory estates as readily available: these are the trust, the lease, the easement, and the mortgage. These estates exists as legal superstructures independent from the underlying physical property. Thus, we could have a 99- year lease of the Apollo 17 landing site on iron ore on the Moon that is mortgaged for a trillion dollars or so, subsequently defaulted, and foreclosed in any Court of General Jurisdiction in favor of the creditor as the new owner. The creditor ends up with the remaining term on the lease, but not with any ownership of the site, the iron ore, and not with ownership of any part of the Moon: It is still public property. This is not only legally available today, it is the exact history of common law estates, (none of which impair legal title by definition and precedent). This model will be discussed as a likely way for astro law to evolve. Association; President of United Societies in Space, Inc., and of its Regency of United Societies in Space, Inc. (ROUSIS); Board of Directors, Mars Society; Board of Directors, Lunar Economic Development Authority, Inc.; Board of Directors, Space Orbital Development Authority; Publisher, Space Governance Journal; and member, AIAA Subcommittee on Space Colonization.

O'Donnell, D. J.

2002-01-01

367

76 FR 25527 - Law Day, U.S.A., 2011  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...five men in the Boston Massacre. In the face of mass public outcry and at great personal risk, he accepted the case and...of the United States of America, in accordance with Public Law 87-20, as amended, do hereby proclaim May...

2011-05-05

368

The Journal of Philosophy, Science & Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The intersection between the fields of philosophy, science, and law is a complex one, and a number of scholars continue to be intimately concerned with exploring the many aspects of the interactions among these disciplines. The Journal of Philosophy, Science & Law is a publication that is dedicated to examining such questions, and has done so since its inception in 2001. Edited by Dr. Jason Borenstein, the peer-reviewed journal has published pieces on gene patents, the role of medical experts in the courtroom, and the notion of truth in the law. Visitors to the site can peruse the archives of the journal, and also sign up to receive updates about the journal from time to time. For those who might be interested in submitting an item to the journal, the site also contains detailed information on the particulars of this process.

369

Western ground water law  

SciTech Connect

The bulk of western ground-water law is currently imposed at the state and local levels, and is highly variable in its technical provisions. Most ground water law is of recent origin (largely since the end of World War II) and continues to evolve through legislative enactments and judicial decisions. The principal purposes of ground water law are: (1) to regulate the rate of depletion to aquifers whose natural and artificial recharge is insufficient; (2) to regulate the rate of depletion to aquifers which supply or support the flow of surface water to prior vested ownership rights which take from streams, lakes, and springs; (3) to protect aquifers from pollution; and (4) to regulate the extraction or injection of ground water in areas prone to geologic instability. The law which attempts to achieve these objectives is a patchwork of federal constitutional principles and judicial doctrine; federal statutes and subsidiary regulations; state constitutional and statutory provisions developed from judicial interpretation; state common law; local ordinances and regulations. Because of the extent and complexity of this body of law, clear-cut answers to all but the most routine and narrow questions are difficult to ascertain. This is due partly to the fact that such questions arose infrequently prior to the time ground water assumed a major role in supplying the water needs of the west, and partly from earlier incomplete and faulty understandings of ground-water hydrology by the courts.

Not Available

1982-03-01

370

78 FR 64259 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL)-Online Dispute...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 8508] U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL)--Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) Study Group The Office of the Assistant Legal Adviser for Private International Law,...

2013-10-28

371

Abortion law reform in Nepal.  

PubMed

Across four decades of political and social action, Nepal changed from a country strongly enforcing oppressive abortion restrictions, causing many poor women's long imprisonment and high rates of abortion-related maternal mortality, into a modern democracy with a liberal abortion law. The medical and public health communities supported women's rights activists in invoking legal principles of equality and non-discrimination as a basis for change. Legislative reform of the criminal ban in 2002 and the adoption of an Interim Constitution recognizing women's reproductive rights as fundamental rights in 2007 inspired the Supreme Court in 2009 to rule that denial of women's access to abortion services because of poverty violated their constitutional rights. The government must now provide services under criteria for access without charge, and services must be decentralized to promote equitable access. A strong legal foundation now exists for progress in social justice to broaden abortion access and reduce abortion stigma. PMID:24890742

Upreti, Melissa

2014-08-01

372

Patent Law for Computer Scientists  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than five centuries ago the first patent statute was passed by the Venetian senate. It already had most of the features of modern patent law, recognizing the public interest in innovation and granting exclusive right in exchange for a full disclosure. Some 350 years later the industrial revolution led to globalisation. The wish to protect intellectual property on a more international level evolved and supranational treaties were negotiated. Patent laws are still different in many countries, however, and inventors are sometimes at a loss to understand which basic requirements should be satisfied if an invention is to be granted a patent. This is particularly true for inventions implemented on a computer. While roughly a third of all applications (and granted patents) relate, in one way or another, to a computer, applications where the innovation mainly resides in software or in a business method are treated differently by the major patent offices. The procedures at the USPTO, JPO and EPO and, in particular, the differences in the treatment of applications centring on software are briefly explained. In later sections of this book, a wealth of examples will be presented. The methodology behind the treatment of these examples is explained.

Closa, Daniel; Gardiner, Alex; Giemsa, Falk; Machek, Jörg

373

Kepler's Laws, Newton's Laws, and the Search for New Planets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. One of the high points of elementary calculus is the derivation of Ke- pler's empirically deduced laws of planetary motion from Newton's Law of Gravity and his second law of motion. However, the standard treatment of the subject in calcu- lus books is flawed for at least three reasons that I think are important. First, Newton's Laws are used

Robert Osserman

374

Rediscovering Kepler's laws using Newton's gravitation law and NASA data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Kepler's three laws of planetary motion were originally discovered by using data acquired from Tycho Brache's naked eye observations of the planets. We show how Kepler's third law can be reproduced using planetary data from NASA. We will also be using Newton's Gravitational law to explain why Kepler's three laws exist as they do.

Springsteen, Paul; Keith, Jason

2010-03-01

375

Rediscovering Kepler's laws using Newton's gravitation law and NASA data  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kepler's three laws of planetary motion were originally discovered by using data acquired from Tycho Brache's naked eye observations of the planets. We show how Kepler's third law can be reproduced using planetary data from NASA. We will also be using Newton's Gravitational law to explain why Kepler's three laws exist as they do.

Paul Springsteen; Jason Keith

2010-01-01

376

Consequences of Lotka's Law for the Law of Bradford.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

After discussion of the equivalency of the information laws of Bradford, Leimkuhler, Lotka, and Mandelbrot, aberrations from Leimkuhler's law (including "Groos droop" as encountered in practice) are studied. Other aberrations of Leimkuhler's law are explained, starting from generalization of verbal formulation of Bradford's Law. (18 references)…

Egghe, L.

1985-01-01

377

Laws of the United States Relating to Water Pollution Control and Environmental Quality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of Federal legislation contains copies of twelve Public Laws, four Executive Orders, and five International Conventions relevant to water pollution control. It also contains two Public Laws and two Executive Orders pertaining to environmental quality. There is a brief introduction summarizing the provisions of each Act. (AL)

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Public Works.

378

The spread of state any willing provider laws.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To describe the growth of any willing provider (AWP) and freedom of choice (FOC) laws applicable to managed care firms and to explore empirically the determinants of their enactment. STUDY SETTING: A 1996 compendium of state laws and state-level data from the 1991-1994 period. STUDY DESIGN: Pooled cross-section time-series logistic regression of the decision to enact various types of AWP and FOC laws. Analysis uses a public choice framework to examine enactment. Key variables include proxy measures of proponent and opponent strength and the political environment. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The model works well for laws affecting hospitals, but performs poorly for physician and pharmacy laws. More providers are associated with the enactment of AWP and FOC laws. More large employers are associated with a reduced likelihood of enactment of some forms of the laws but not others. Conservative states are more likely to enact laws limiting selective contracting with hospitals and physicians. States with greater interparty competition are also more likely to adopt some types of legislation. CONCLUSIONS: The empirical results generally are consistent with the view that AWP and FOC laws are often enacted as a defensive strategy on the part of providers, but additional research is needed to provide a more definitive assessment of the determinants of these laws. Suggestions for future research are provided.

Ohsfeldt, R L; Morrisey, M A; Nelson, L; Johnson, V

1998-01-01

379

Public Health Surveillance for Mass Gatherings  

Microsoft Academic Search

ass gatherings represent specific challenges for public health officials because of the health risks associated with crowd size and dura- tion of stay. In addition, population movement requires public health departments to interact across jurisdictional boundaries to identify risks and disease-management solutions. However, federal privacy laws restrict the sharing of patient data among public health departments in multiple jurisdictions. This

Joseph S. Lombardo; Carol A. Sniegoski; Wayne A. Loschen; Matthew Westercamp; Michael Wade; Shandy Dearth; Guoyan Zhang

380

Public information plan. Version 2  

SciTech Connect

The Public Information Plan is intended to be used in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project Public Participation Plan. The Public Participation Pion describes the DOE procedure for involving the public in the decision-making process related to the UMTRA Project during the stages at which public participation is required and solicited. This Public Information Plan describes the department`s procedure for communicating with the public about project policies, plans, and activities. Together, these complementary plans describe the DOE public affairs program for the UMTRA Project. This project was authorized by Congress in the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, (Public Law (PL) 95-6041), as amended. The Act provides for a cooperative effort with affected states and Indian tribes for the cleanup of designated abandoned or inactive uranium mill tailings sites, which are located in 10 states, 9 of them west of the Mississippi River. The public has a right to know about proposed government actions and to be heard in the planning of activities that influence their lives. The UMTRA Project is unclassified and the DOE provides accurate information about policy and project activities to interested stakeholders, including the news media, in a timely way. The DOE encourages states and local governments, as well as individuals, to join actively in the decision-making process. This is intended to ensure that the resulting decisions are made with full knowledge of the public`s views and that these decisions address the public`s concerns to the extent possible within the law. The DOE, through the implementation of the Public Information Plan, keeps the public informed on matters such as health concerns, environmental issues, remedial action construction plans, project costs, and specific site activities.

NONE

1993-09-22

381

Duhaime's Law Dictionary  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Part of a Canadian site created and maintained by a solicitor of British Columbia with the express purpose of "giving the law back to the people," this dictionary offers clear, concise definitions of many legal terms that anyone who finds themselves engaged with issues of civil or criminal justice is likely to need to know. While some of the terms are clearly applicable to the system of justice in which solicitor Duhaime practices, the vast majority are generic to Western law. A link is also offered to Duhaime.org, the parent site, which features a plethora of materials for educating oneself in the law, especially if one is dealing with the Canadian justice system.

382

The trespasses of property law.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to identify a limit to the appropriate application of property law to the use and storage of bodily material. I argue here that property law ought to be limited to protecting 'contingent rights' and that recent cases where property rights have been recognised in semen represent the application of property law beyond this limit. I also suggest how the law ought to develop in order to avoid the overextensive use of property law. PMID:23842078

Wall, Jesse

2014-01-01

383

International Water Law Project  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

As clean water has increasingly become a resource subject to scarcity, international politics and law have become involved with the issues of access to and maintenance of water sources. This site provides comprehensive information on the subject, featuring full texts of the major diplomatic documents, including rules on international groundwaters and rivers agreed upon at UN conferences in Helsinki and Seoul, treaty drafts, regional agreements as well as international case law, an extensive bibliography, and links to related sites. The site was conceived and developed by Gabriel Eckstein in conjunction with The World's Water project of the Pacific Institute.

Eckstein, Gabriel.

384

Kepler's Second Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to Kepler's second law; that planets (and satellites) move fastest at their closest approach to the center of attraction and slow down when far away. This is made evident by calculating the ratio of greatest and smallest orbital velocities and by invoking the concept of energy. Students should acquire an intuitive understanding for the way orbital velocities vary along each orbit according to Kepler's second law. They will review the concepts of potential energy and kinetic energy and understand that orbital motion also conserves energy, in a somewhat similar way, although the formulas look different. Students will also be introduced to the procedure for calculating orbital motion.

Stern, David

385

Management of the communal local public administration in Romania  

Microsoft Academic Search

The public administration may be defined as the fundamental form of activity of the state, applied by the bodies of the public administration, which consists in exercising the law by establishing some obligatory conducts, as well as by providing services.

2010-01-01

386

4 CFR 81.8 - Public reading facility.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE RECORDS § 81.8 Public reading facility. GAO maintains a public reading facility in the Law Library at the Government Accountability Office Building, 441 G Street, NW., Washington, DC. The facility shall be open to the...

2011-01-01

387

Education Law. Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second edition of this reference guide provides a survey of some of the major legal problems that confront policymakers and school administrators. It contains landmark cases and other cases that best illustrate major principles of education law, along with summaries, discussions, and analyses of the cases. Edited cases are integrated into…

Imber, Michael; van Geel, Tyll

388

The Laws List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site is a dictionary of physics and astronomy. Users can look up laws, rules, terms and constants related to physics in pages listed by letter. The site is not a complete reference, but it is a useful resource for introductory physics.

Francis, Erik

2004-11-28

389

State Infertility Insurance Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... their teachings and beliefs. (Illinois Compiled Statutes Annotated, Chapter 215, Sections 5/356m and 125/5-3). ... or cryopreservation of eggs. (Annotated Laws of Massachusetts, Chapters 175,§ 47H; 176A,§8K;176B,§4J; and l76G,§ ...

390

Strike Laws, Not Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1999, a coalition of child advocacy groups, the Canadian Foundation for Children, Youth, and the Law, challenged Section 43 of Canada's criminal code, which permits "reasonable force" in disciplining children. The heavily debated issue turns on judges' varied interpretations. A court decision is expected by year's end. (MLH)

Robertson, Heather-Jane

2000-01-01

391

Law in Outer Space.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an overview of the current practice and fascinating future of legal issues involved in outer space exploration and colonization. Current space law, by necessity, addresses broad principles rather than specific incidents. Nonetheless, it covers a variety of issues including commercial development, rescue agreements, object registration,…

Schmidt, William G.

1997-01-01

392

Relativistic Kepler's third law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors give a post-Newtonian generalization of Kepler's third law that includes spin and quadrupole moment effects, parameterized post-Newtonian parameters gamma and beta, and the Nordtvedt effect. The time from periastron to apastron is also found, and it turns out, in general, not to be equal to half the period. The results are given in a very general coordinate system

B. M. Barker; G. G. Byrd; R. F. Oconnell

1986-01-01

393

Knowledge and social laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we combine existing work in the area of social laws with a framework for reasoning about knowledge in multi-agent systems. The unifying framework in which this is done is based on Alternating-time Temporal Logic (ATL), to which semantics we add epistemic accessibility relations (to deal with the knowledge), actions (in order to naturally talk about allowed and

Wiebe van der Hoek; Mark Roberts; Michael Wooldridge

2005-01-01

394

Law as Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Shows how teachers can increase students' general appreciation of literature and improve students' writing skills by studying literature with legal issues and images of the law. Cites several examples of such literature, including Geoffrey Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales," William Shakespeare's "Measure for Measure," and Jonathan Swift's "Gulliver's…

Blythe, Joan Heiges

1989-01-01

395

National Indian Law Library  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Indian Law Library (NILL) has worked for over three decades to bring together key resources for Native Americans and their advocates in the field of legal scholarship and service. Today it remains the only entity that offers a comprehensive vision of past and present tribal governmental documents from across the United States. The NILL is based in Boulder, Colorado and its website provides selected documents, information on ongoing activities and the very useful Indian Law News Bulletins. These bulletins are published almost every week and offer succinct and timely information about new developments in Indian Law. Visitors can search through the archives of these bulletins back to 1998, or look through the bulletins for links to germane legal briefs. This same area contains links to digests that cover activities in state courts, federal trial courts, and law review journal articles. Users shouldn't miss the Research By Topic area, which contains links that deal with 20 different themes, including tribal education, health & human services, sacred sites, prisoners' issues, and child welfare.

396

Chemistry and the law.  

PubMed

The Chemistry and the Law Division of the American Chemical Society met in San Diego in March 2012. The divisional meeting was attended by patent attorneys, patent analysts and scientists who are all united by the business need to effectively deal with patent prosecution, patent research, litigation and licensing. This report highlights some of the presentations from the divisional sessions. PMID:24236835

Grant, James L

2012-07-01

397

Stoke's Law Problem Set  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a problem set that involves the calculation of velocities from a Reynolds number, determination of Stoke's Law applicability, and calculation of settling velocities for a variety of grain sizes and materials. This can be used in conjunction with a lab but is itself just a problem set.

Headley, Rachel

398

Boyle's Law Experiment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that ideal experiments fit into course time constraints and be meaningful, relevant to course content, safe, inexpensive, simple, reproducible, and easy to set up/maintain. Describes a Boyle's Law experiment that uses a minimum of equipment and meets the foregoing criteria. Apparatus used, procedures, and safety precautions are…

Hermens, Richard A.

1983-01-01

399

A Boyle's Law Demonstrator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The usual apparatus for demonstrating Boyle's law produces reasonably accurate results, but is not impressive as a demonstration because students cannot easily appreciate the change in pressure. An apparatus designed to produce a more effective demonstration is described. Procedures employed are also described. (JN)

Sathe, Dileep V.

1984-01-01

400

German law: the differences.  

PubMed

Medical device regulations in Germany are changing. The first amendment of the Medical Device Law, the MPG, is in preparation. Four decrees on medical devices are also being discussed by the Bundesrat, the Federal Council. This article summarizes what manufacturers, distributors and users should know about the German device regulations. PMID:10174630

Müller-Lierheim, W G

1997-11-01

401

On the psychophysical law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general psychophysical law is that equal stimulus ratios produce equal subjective ratios. A first-order approximation is a power function whose exponent varies from 0.3 (loudness) to 2.0 (visual flash rate). This holds for Class I (prothetic) or quantitative continua, distinguishable by 4 criteria: \\

S. S. Stevens

1957-01-01

402

Newton's Laws Demonstrations  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this collection of demonstrations, learners explore Newton's Laws of Motion. These seventeen quick activities investigate air resistance, acceleration, terminal velocity, inertia, action-reaction, and other key concepts related to forces and motion. These demonstrations can be coupled together or conducted individually.

Rathjen, Don

2007-01-01

403

International Economic Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

As conflict and cooperation among states turn to an ever greater extent on economic issues, this fully updated and expanded second edition presents a comprehensive exploration of the legal foundations of the international economy. It not only examines the current status of the law, but also explores the origins, political tensions and development of outcomes that are often difficult to

Andreas F. Lowenfeld

404

Athletics and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book answers questions concerning athletics and the law. The chapters include trends in litigation, disruptive behavior, the changing attitude of the court toward married athletes, training rules, and good conduct codes. They include the problem of athletic travel, the changing role of state athletic associations with their diverse rules,…

Appenzeller, Herb

405

THE INVERSE CARE LAW  

Microsoft Academic Search

care tends to vary inversely with the need for it in the population served. This inverse care law operates more completely where medical care is most exposed to market forces, and less so where such exposure is reduced. The market distribution of medical care is a primitive and historically outdated social form, and any return to it would further exag-

JULIAN TUDOR HART

406

Team Teaching School Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Graduate students preparing themselves for a career in school administration are typically apprehensive about the legal issues they will face in their first administrative position. After teaching school law for the first time, the author believed that there had to be a more effective way to reach these students rather than the traditional methods…

Vanko, John G.; Rogina, Raymond P.

2005-01-01

407

Physical Laws for Mechanobiology.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Higher-level physical laws applicable to biological tissues are presented that will permit the modeling of metabolic activity at the cellular level, including variations in the mass of a tissue. Here the tissue is represented as a fluid/solid mixture, whe...

A. D. Freed

2007-01-01

408

Preventive Law Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide presents a context for preservice education and/or professional development in education law for teachers. Section 1, "Teacher Liability," discusses "Duty to Supervise,""Providing Reasonable Care,""Duty,""Preventing Student-to-Student Sexual Harassment,""Reporting Child Abuse,""Issuing Permission Slips,""Defense for…

Henderson, Martha V.; Gullatt, David E.; Hardin, Dawn T.; Jannik, Catherine; Tollett, John R.

409

AID and the law  

PubMed Central

The present state of the law is unsatisfactory. The exact effect on the marriage of the parties has not been decided although in English law if artificial insemination by donor (AID) takes place without consent that would appear to be a ground for divorce since 1969. The law regards a child born as a result of AID as illegitimate and draws no distinction between the case where the husband consents and where he does not. Theoretically, an offence is committed if the birth entry is falsified, presumably in cases where the husband consents. The AID child, like any other illegitimate child, has rights against the natural parents, but he is in a worse position than most illegitimate children, in that he may not have any information about his father. It is now possible to freeze sperm and so preserve it over longer periods. All the problems associated with AID are present also when sperm is preserved in banks, but if the law is in an unsatisfactory state in relation to AID this is even more true in relation to sperm banks. The main criticism of the Feversham Report (1960) could be that it recommended, broadly speaking, the `status quo' but scientific progress has now overtaken and left the Feversham findings well behind. What, therefore, is required is a full consideration of the subject of AID and, on the basis of that, some statutory code regulating all its aspects.

Cusine, D J

1975-01-01

410

Law, endowments, and finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using a sample of 70 former colonies, this paper assesses two theories regarding the historical determinants of financial development. The law and finance theory holds that legal traditions, brought by colonizers, differ in terms of protecting the rights of private investors vis-ŕ-vis the state, with important implications for financial markets. The endowment theory argues that the disease environment encountered by

Thorsten Beck; Asli Demirgüç-Kunt; Ross Levine

2003-01-01

411

Law, Endowment, and Finance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper assesses two theories regarding the historical determinants of international differences in financial development. The law and finance theory holds that legal traditions differ in terms of the priority they attach to protecting the rights of private investors vis-a-vis the State and this has important implications for financial development. The endowment theory argues that the disease and geographical environment

Thorsten Beck; Asli Demirguc-Kunt; Ross Levine

2002-01-01

412

Yugoslav Enterprises Law.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Text is presented in English of Yugoslav federal enterprises law, originally published in Sluzbeni list at no. 77/78, 40/89, 46/90. Provisions cover social ownership, cooperative ownership, mixed ownership, and private ownership. Includes founding and man...

1990-01-01

413

Parenting and public policy: Contextualizing the Swedish corporal punishment ban  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 1 July 1979, a law went into effect in Sweden that outlawed all forms of physical punishment of children, including that administered by parents. While the history of this law has been fully described elsewhere, scant attention has been paid to the political and social contexts in which the law emerged and found public support. It is argued in

Joan E. Durrant; Gregg M. Olsen

1997-01-01

414

The International Journal of Communications Law and Policy: IJCL  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The first issue of The International Journal of Communications Law and Policy (IJCLP) is now online. IJCLP is a quarterly, full-text, peer-reviewed electronic journal for legal academics and practitioners, covering topics related to "regulation and policy in the converging sectors of computing, telecommunications and broadcasting." All of the articles, case notes, legislative and policy analyses, conference reviews and abstracts, publication reviews, and work-in-progress in the journal can be viewed online in full-text or downloaded in .rtf format. IJCLP has an international editorial and advisory board and is a joint project of the Programme in Comparative Media Law & Policy at the Centre for Socio-Legal-Studies, Oxford University; the Administrative Law Department of the Institute for Information, Telecommunications and Media Law (ITM), University of Munster; and the European Media Regulation Seminar Group, University of Warwick School of Law.

415

Water laws and concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

A publication on water management of the National Academy of Sciences [1966, 38] contains the following statement: In the public allocation process it is unlikely that society will welcome widepread and strict allocation of water. Water is regarded as a birthright of Americans---a common holding in which there are common stakes. Other commodities are not so regarded; water is singled

Harold E. Thomas

1969-01-01

416

U.S. State and Federal Laws Targeting Distracted Driving  

PubMed Central

Distracted driving has burgeoned with the proliferation of cell phones, global positioning systems and other in-vehicle and personal electronic devices. Annually more than 3,300 people are killed and an additional 400,000 are injured in the United States in distracted driving crashes. The United States (U.S.) federal and state governments have responded to this public health problem with policies and laws; however, a more comprehensive and more effective approach is still needed. Some restrictions on the use of electronic devices while driving by federal employees and some voluntary guidelines and recommendations have been issued. Public opinion polls show support for addressing the issue of distracted driving with state laws. The majority of states have laws banning text messaging while driving and prohibiting the use of an electronic device by teenage or novice drivers. Some states prohibit all drivers from using a hand-held cellphone. Currently no state has a total ban on the use of personal electronic devices while driving. Successful past traffic safety campaigns changing driver behavior have demonstrated the necessity to adopt a “three Es” approach of Enactment of a law, Education of the public about the law, and rigorous Enforcement of the law. Experience reveals that this approach, along with future federal regulation of in-vehicle electronic devices and the employment of technology to limit the use of electronic devices while driving, is needed to alter personal behavior in order to reduce distractions and keep drivers focused on the driving task.

Catherine Chase, J.D.

2014-01-01

417

U.s. State and federal laws targeting distracted driving.  

PubMed

Distracted driving has burgeoned with the proliferation of cell phones, global positioning systems and other in-vehicle and personal electronic devices. Annually more than 3,300 people are killed and an additional 400,000 are injured in the United States in distracted driving crashes. The United States (U.S.) federal and state governments have responded to this public health problem with policies and laws; however, a more comprehensive and more effective approach is still needed. Some restrictions on the use of electronic devices while driving by federal employees and some voluntary guidelines and recommendations have been issued. Public opinion polls show support for addressing the issue of distracted driving with state laws. The majority of states have laws banning text messaging while driving and prohibiting the use of an electronic device by teenage or novice drivers. Some states prohibit all drivers from using a hand-held cellphone. Currently no state has a total ban on the use of personal electronic devices while driving. Successful past traffic safety campaigns changing driver behavior have demonstrated the necessity to adopt a "three Es" approach of Enactment of a law, Education of the public about the law, and rigorous Enforcement of the law. Experience reveals that this approach, along with future federal regulation of in-vehicle electronic devices and the employment of technology to limit the use of electronic devices while driving, is needed to alter personal behavior in order to reduce distractions and keep drivers focused on the driving task. PMID:24776229

Catherine Chase, J D

2014-01-01

418

Public Administration in the Balkans from Weberian Bureaucracy to New Public Management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current volume reproduces papers presented in the Workshop which was organized in Athens, in February 2010 by the European Public Law Organization (EPLO) and the Faculty of Public Administration - National School of Political Studies and Public Administration (NSPSPA), Bucharest. The workshop entitled \\

Spyridon Flogaitis; Lucica Matei

2011-01-01

419

American Society of International Law: Wildlife Interest Group  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"The purpose of the American Society of International Law's Wildlife Interest Group is to contribute to the objective of conserving endangered wildlife species by helping to strengthen international wildlife treaty regimes, regional accords and national legislation that implements international treaty regimes." The site focuses on scholarly reports and publications, available online for members and non-members alike. Two potentially useful resources are a link to the annual International Wildlife Law Conference and a bibliography of literature on the topic of environmental change and its impact on species, ecosystems, and agriculture. Although the information originates from the field of law, the information presented may be of interest to a scientific audience as well.

2001-01-01

420

Child Sexual Abuse Prevention Policy: An Analysis of Erin's Law.  

PubMed

Child sexual abuse affects thousands of children in the United States and is vastly underreported. Tertiary prevention policies, primarily in the form of sex offender registries and community notification programs, have received the most attention and funding. Few policies have focused on school-based prevention. One recently passed law in Illinois mandates all K-5 public schools to implement sexual abuse prevention programs. The law was championed by a young social worker, Erin Merryn. Through the multiple streams framework, this article examines the unique set of political circumstances, united with Merryn's advocacy, which created the opportunity for the law to pass. PMID:24802215

Anderson, Gwendolyn D

2014-04-16

421

Legal Issues in Contracting Out for Public Education Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the legal issues related to privatization. States with "charter" schools have not established guidelines for local school districts entering into privatization contracts for services. It is argued that public schools operate under state law, and therefore, vendors operating under state law become de facto public companies, making the…

Russo, Charles J.; And Others

1995-01-01

422

Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1994 by the Yale Law School and the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, the Yale Center for Environmental Law & Policy "draws on resources throughout Yale University to develop and advance environmental policy locally, regionally, nationally, and globally." This is not a surprising partnership, as the Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies (founded by Gifford Pinchot) helped launch the conservation movement of the early 20th century, and graduates of the Yale Law School were some of the primary movers behind the environmental law movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s. From the homepage, visitors can learn about ongoing research projects (such as those dealing with global environmental governance), read a number of publications authored by Center faculty, and learn about upcoming conferences and events sponsored by the Center. Rounding out the site is the Environmental Sustainability Index, which serves as "a measure of overall progress towards environmental sustainability". Here visitors can examine the ESI scores of 142 countries, which are based upon a set of 20 core indicators, along with reading a full report on the results from the 2002 findings.

423

Law and the sources of morality.  

PubMed Central

This paper argues that morality is a product of basic human psychological characteristics shaped over prehistorical and historical time by diachronic dialectical transactions between what individuals do and what they are supposed to do in the culture in which they live. Some principles are pancultural: individuals are motivated to look after their own interests, to be cooperative and kind to other group members and to look after their children. The moral precepts of every society are based on these principles, but may differ according to the vicissitudes that the society has experienced. Thus the basic principles can be seen as absolute; the precepts based on them may be specific to particular societies. Moral precepts, and the laws derived from them, are mostly such as to maintain the cohesion of the society, but some have been formulated to further the interests of those in power. The evidence suggests that laws have been developed, by common consent or by rulers, from generally accepted moral intuitions. In general, legal systems have been formulated to deal with the more extreme infringements of moral codes. Morality prescribes how people should behave; the law is concerned with how they should not. New laws, if not imposed by force, must generally be in tune with public conceptions of morality.

Hinde, Robert A

2004-01-01

424

Harvard Law School Forum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1946 by 30 law students returned from the war, the Harvard Law School Forum has remained a nonprofit, student-run organization that sponsors a variety of speakers and panel discussions featuring political, literary, and cultural luminaries from around the world. Over the years, many of these discussions have been broadcast on the radio or otherwise recorded and are now available online in their entirety. Past programs currently offered in RealPlayer format include, to name just a few, Henry Kissinger, Timothy Leary, Jimmy Hoffa, Martin Luther King, Betty Friedan, Shimon Peres, Carl Sagan, F. Lee Bailey, Mario Cuomo, Ralph Nader, Helen Thomas, Charlton Heston, and Vince McMahon. The site also features a guide to past programs (sorted by decade and some with photos or associated press clippings), a photo gallery, and information on upcoming speakers. The site is an ongoing project, and additional recordings and other materials will be added as they are prepared or become available.

425

Polish Law Governing the Press.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Uniform text of Law governing the Press of 1/1984 as amended in 1988, 1989, and 1990. The law contains provisions pertaining to rights and responsibilities of journalists; the press council; organization of press activities; rectifications and responses; ...

1992-01-01

426

Minimal Complexity Control Law Synthesis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A paradigm for control law design for modern engineering systems is proposed: Minimize control law complexity subject to the achievement of a specified accuracy in the face of a specified level of uncertainty. Correspondingly, the overall goal is to make ...

D. S. Bernstein W. M. Haddad C. N. Nett

1989-01-01

427

A Guide to Scots Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From contemporary legislation passed in London or Brussels to Roman Law to Udal (old Norse) Law, Scottish Law has many influences and inheritances. This site, created by Evi C. Athanasekou of the University of Glasgow Department of Computer Science, attempts to present "basic knowledge about the Scottish legal system that ranges from what the sources of Scots Law are to practical solutions to common everyday legal problems." At the site, users can explore the history and sources of Scots Law and learn about the current legal system structure in Scotland (which remains distinct from the English one). The Scots Law Queries section provides answers to everyday legal questions in Scotland. Additional features include a Scottish legal yellow pages section, legal terms of Scots Law, Latin words, phrases and maxims in Scots Law, and related links.

Athanasekou, Evi C.

1997-01-01

428

Henry's Law and Noisy Knuckles.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses Henry's Law which describes the relationship between the pressure of gas and the concentration of that gas in a solution. Presents an application of Henry's Law to the cracking of knuckles. (CCM)

Kimbrough, Doris R.

1999-01-01

429

Inverse Square Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this math activity related to light, learners explore why a light, such as a candle or a streetlight, looks dimmer the farther away from it we get. The answer lies in the Inverse Square Law, which learners demonstrate using graph paper or perfboard. (Two methods are given for this activity.) Learners will discover that the intensity of light is described by the power distributed over an area.

Exploratorium, The

2012-07-11

430

Biot-Savart Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson begins with a demonstration prompting students to consider how current generates a magnetic field and the direction of the field that is generated. Through formal lecture, students learn Biot-Savart's law in order to calculate, most simply, the magnetic field produced in the center of a circular current carrying loop. For applications, students find it is necessary to integrate the field produced over all small segments in an actual current carrying wire.

VU Bioengineering RET Program, School of Engineering,

431

Hyperphysics -- Coulomb's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This web page, authored by Rod Nave of Georgia State University, provides a concise, yet thorough explanation of Coulomb's Law and how it it is used to determine the electric force between charges. A Javascript calculator is available to compute forces between charges. Links are available for users to access related items or delve more deeply into electromagnetic forces. This item is part of a large hyper-linked resource that covers most of physics, with extensive use of concept maps.

Nave, Rod

2009-12-10

432

First Law Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The First Law model displays the dynamics of a ball subject to no net force. The initial conditions for the ball are an initial velocity in the x and y directions. The initial position of the ball can be changed by dragging it when the simulation is paused. You can modify this simulation if you have Ejs installed by right-clicking within the plot and selecting âOpen Ejs Modelâ from the pop-up menu item. Ejs First Law model was created using the Easy Java Simulations (Ejs) modeling tool. It is distributed as a ready-to-run (compiled) Java archive. Double clicking the ejs_newton_FirstLaw.jar file will run the program if Java is installed. Ejs is a part of the Open Source Physics Project and is designed to make it easier to access, modify, and generate computer models. Additional Ejs models for Newtonian mechanics are available. They can be found by searching ComPADRE for Open Source Physics, OSP, or Ejs.

Christian, Wolfgang

2008-06-03

433

Encyclopedia of Law and Economics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Conceived by the University of Ghent, Belgium, the Encyclopedia of Law and Economics Website is a broad-based collection of resources pertaining to economic and legal issues throughout the world. Showcasing a comprehensive index of searchable bibliographic resources, this site also includes abstracts of recent law and economics reviews. The hefty Law and Economics Web Resources section features working papers, bibliographies, and mailing lists. In addition, the site links to law and economics academic programs, associations, and an array of relevant Websites.

2005-12-15

434

Galactic Rotation and Natural Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There exist a number of striking empirical regularities in the kinematics of rotating galaxies. These include flat rotation curves, the Tully-Fisher relation, and a relation between gravitational force and baryonic surface density. I suggest that these may be tantamount to Natural Laws, analogous to Kepler's Laws. The physical interpretation of these Laws is fraught with peril.

McGaugh, Stacy S.

2012-05-01

435

Freedom under Law. Revised edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet identifies and explains Colorado laws as they apply to juveniles and adults. The handbook was specifically developed to help teenagers know how the laws protect them and how they are expected to comply with them. Two short sections discuss the necessity of having laws and give definitions of 12 legal terms such as felony and petty…

Denver Public Schools, CO.

436

Law and the Physical Educator.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since federal and state laws directly influence the professional activities of physical educators, it is essential to understand the implications of particular laws and regulations as well as legal processes. Some misconceptions about the law are examined, and techniques by which physical educators can affect educational policy are explored. (JN)

Jansma, Paul; French, Ron

1982-01-01

437

Immigration Law & the American Dream.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This magazine is designed to help high school teachers of civics, government, history, law, and law-related education program developers educate students about legal issues. This issue focuses on immigration law and the American Dream. It includes 11 articles: (1) "U.S. Immigration Policy and Globalization" (P. Martin; S. Martin) explains how the…

Parrini, Michelle, Ed.; Parins, Claire, Ed.; Kittlaus, Jennifer, Ed.; Bliss, Pam, Ed.

2001-01-01

438

The Death of Labor Law?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review tells three interlocking tales of decline, each with its respective prognosis for recovery: the declines of labor law scholarship, labor law, and organized labor. The relationship between the latter two and the role that a reformed labor law might play in reviving organized labor are matters of continuing controversy. In the meantime, two developments on the ground suggest

Cynthia L. Estlund

2006-01-01

439

Tax Breaks for Law Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A guide to federal income tax law as it affects law students is presented. Some costs that may constitute valuable above-the-line deductions are identified: moving expenses, educational expenses, job-seeking expenses, and income averaging. Available from Washington and Lee University School of Law, Lexington, VA 24450, $5.50 sc) (MLW)

Button, Alan L.

1981-01-01

440

Triggering Reform at Public Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An intriguing experiment is afoot in some of the nation's struggling public schools. New "Parent Trigger" laws passed in California and on the agenda in New York, Ohio, Colorado, and Chicago, allow parents of chronically failing schools to unseat the schools' leadership and staff. But the initiative has pitfalls. It's easy to mobilize parents to…

Kelly, Andrew P.

2012-01-01

441

The Center for International Environmental Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There are a number of organizations working to use international law and institutions to protect the environment. The Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL) is one such organization, and they work to solve environmental problems through a variety of advocacy and education programs. Visitors to the site will find that navigating the content offered here is quite simple, and that most of the sections (which include "Chemicals", Biodiversity", and "Climate Change) are organized topically. Each of these sections contains links to calendar events, full-text publications, and information about their goals for each topical area. Students and others will appreciate the fact that they also offer up information about available fellowships, internships, and potential job opportunities in their organization.

2007-11-15

442

Analyzing State Charter School Laws and Their Influence on the Formation of Charter Schools in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes charter school state laws in terms of two general dimensions: (1) the flexibility, freedom, and support extended in the law; and (2) the degree of public accountability required of charter schools. The paper proposes a much more complex set of analyses of those laws than have been accomplished to date. After analyzing the…

Witte, John F.; Shober, Arnold F.; Manna, Paul

443

26 CFR 601.702 - Publication, public inspection, and specific requests for records.  

...Internal Revenue Service Center, PO Box 9941, Stop 6716, Ogden, Utah 84409. (6) Publication of statistics of income. Statistics with respect to the operation of the income tax laws are published annually in accordance with section...

2014-04-01

444

Localized lossless authentication watermark (LAW)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel framework is proposed for lossless authentication watermarking of images which allows authentication and recovery of original images without any distortions. This overcomes a significant limitation of traditional authentication watermarks that irreversibly alter image data in the process of watermarking and authenticate the watermarked image rather than the original. In particular, authenticity is verified before full reconstruction of the original image, whose integrity is inferred from the reversibility of the watermarking procedure. This reduces computational requirements in situations when either the verification step fails or the zero-distortion reconstruction is not required. A particular instantiation of the framework is implemented using a hierarchical authentication scheme and the lossless generalized-LSB data embedding mechanism. The resulting algorithm, called localized lossless authentication watermark (LAW), can localize tampered regions of the image; has a low embedding distortion, which can be removed entirely if necessary; and supports public/private key authentication and recovery options. The effectiveness of the framework and the instantiation is demonstrated through examples.

Celik, Mehmet U.; Sharma, Gaurav; Tekalp, A. Murat; Saber, Eli S.

2003-06-01

445

Confidentiality and the law.  

PubMed Central

Codes of medical ethics issued by professional organizations typically contain statements affirming the importance of confidentiality between patients and health-care practitioners. Seldom, however, is the confidentiality obligation depicted as absolute. Instead, exceptions are noted, the most common of which is that health-care professionals are justified in breaching the confidence of a patient if required by law to do so. Reasons that might be given to support this exception are critically discussed in this paper. The conclusion argued for is that this is not a legitimate exception to the confidentiality rule.

McConnell, T

1994-01-01

446

Deriving Darcy's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This exercise begins with a demonstration of fluid flow through porous sediment using a constant head permeameter, with the students conducting the experiment and collecting the data. The demo is followed by a Think-Pair-Share exercise in which the question is posed to the class: "What could we change in order to increase flow through the system?" The class then works through their brainstormed list of ideas, discussing each and evaluating whether it is correct or a misconception. The students derive Darcy's Law qualitatively, based upon the results of the Think-Pair-Share exercise and discussions.

Salvage, Karen

447

Public Service Occupations: Grade 8. Cluster I  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A curriculum guide for grade 8, the document is devoted to the occupational cluster "Public Service Occupations." It is divided into six units: education, public utilities, community social and health services, law enforcement agencies, fire departments, and the postal system. Each unit is introduced by a statement of the topic, the unit's…

Calhoun, Olivia H.

448

72 FR 35034 - Notice of Public Meeting of the National Conference on Weights and Measures  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...revising or updating a variety of publications related to legal metrology. NIST promotes uniformity among the states in laws...Uniform Laws and Regulations in the area of legal metrology, and engine fuel quality,'' which cover the...

2007-06-26

449

China's Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law: the law and the philosophy.  

PubMed

The present study introduces and discusses the Juvenile Delinquency Prevention Law of the People's Republic of China. The law was promulgated in the context of Chinese socioeconomic reforms and legal reforms in response to the rising delinquency since the early 1980s. The study explains the social and political background of the law with respect to the patterns of delinquency in China. The law has several main features that reflect the Chinese philosophical underpinnings of crime prevention and control, and the study discusses the connection between the law and the traditional Chinese philosophy and thinking. Finally, the study discusses the challenges to the enforcement of the law in Chinese society, which has lacked a legal tradition in its history. PMID:17600300

Lening Zhang; Jianhong Liu

2007-10-01

450

Schools and the Law--A Basic Foundation for Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School leaders must understand the legal relationships involved in public education's governance structure. To minimize the risk of litigation they must also address several major areas of concern: the legal relationships between principal and teacher and between principal and student, program management, and legal liability (the state laws

Sparkman, William E.

1990-01-01

451

On the Hill, New Hands Refashion Key Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More than three decades ago, the debate for Higher Education Act was open to the public. Today the process of crafting a compromise bill looks very different, and the forces shaping the major law governing student aid have shifted in ways both significant and subtle. The changes have given new voices a say in policy decisions and made it harder…

Field, Kelly

2008-01-01

452

Survey of North Carolina principals' knowledge of special education law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to assess North Carolina principals' knowledge of special education procedural safeguards and educational services. The survey used by Hirth in a 1988 Tennessee study of Principals' Knowledge of Public Law 94-142 and Significant Court Litigation in the Area of Special Education was updated due to the 1990 and 1997 IDEA reauthorizations and adapted for

Mary Beth Copenhaver

2005-01-01

453

Broken Links and Broken Laws: Copyright Confusion Online.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses copyright laws and litigation that have implications for online copyright. Highlights include the Sonny Bono Copyright Extension Act; the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA); Eldred v. Ashcroft; tradeoffs between private interests and the public domain; and intellectual property licensing. (LRW)

Belle, Jeff

2003-01-01

454

Comment sought on new law affecting federally funded data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Senator Richard Shelby (R-Ala.) inserted a provision into the FY 1999 Omnibus Appropriations Bill (Public Law 105-277) last fall “to require Federal awarding agencies to ensure that all data produced under an award will be made available to the public through the procedures established under the Freedom of Information Act.” Under the new law, most non-profit organizations in cooperative agreements or receiving federal grants may be compelled to “provide the public with access to federally funded research data” that is “used by the Federal Government in developing policy and rules” according to bill proponents. Current rules only allow the granting agency to request raw data from researchers.The law upset some non-profit research organizations, universities, and scientific and engineering societies about possible consequences, unintended or otherwise, to researchers and their data. To its backers, the new law simply lets the public examine data underlying Federal policy. Others worry that draft regulations, proposed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) may compromise the scientific integrity of preliminary studies, fail to protect personal privacy, and affect intellectual property. Specifically, OMB must amend Circular A-110, “Uniform Administrative Requirements for Grants and Agreements with Institutions of Higher Education, Hospitals, and other Non-Profit Organizations.” A bipartisan group of representatives already wrote a letter to OMB director Jack Lew urging him to solicit input from grant-awarding agencies, non-profits, hospitals, and the grant-recipient community before finalizing changes to Circular A-110.

455

From patent law to regulation: the ontological gerrymandering of biotechnology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biotechnology is (ontologically speaking) many things. US patent law's understanding of ‘the natural’ has shrunk over the decades to allow the patenting of artefacts – such as organisms, cell lines, chemical compounds, and cDNA – that would previously have been unpatentable. However, when attempting to garner public support or minimise regulatory hurdles, proponents of biotechnology emphasise how these artefacts are

Michael S. Carolan

2008-01-01

456

Reflections on the Law and Curricular Values in American Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Supreme Court's 1925 ruling in "Pierce v. Society of the Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary" ("Pierce"), striking down a law from Oregon that would have required all children, other than those needing special education, between the ages of 8 and 16 to attend public schools, essentially upheld the right of nonpublic schools to operate.…

Russo, Charles J.; Thro, William E.

2012-01-01

457

Electric demand-side management under federal law  

Microsoft Academic Search

On October 24, 1992, President Bush signed into law the Energy Policy Act of 1992 (the Act). The Act implements many of the provisions of the National Energy Strategy proposed by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) in February 1991, including an amendment to the Public Utility Regulatory Policies At of 1978 (PURPA) to promote increased investment by electric utilities

1993-01-01

458

The rise of public sector unionism in Detroit, 1947--1967  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1947, the Michigan Legislature passed into law the Hutchinson Act banning strikes of state and local workers. The law provided for the termination of striking public sector workers but did not require state and local agencies to bargain with public employees or their representatives. It even allowed for fines and prison sentences for non public sector workers who influenced

Louis E Jones

2010-01-01

459

The Rise Of Public Sector Unionism In Detroit, 1947-1967  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1947, the Michigan Legislature passed into law the Hutchinson Act banning strikes of state and local workers. The law provided for the termination of striking public sector workers but did not require state and local agencies to bargain with public employees or their representatives. It even allowed for fines and prison sentences for non public sector workers who influenced

Louis Eugene Jones

2010-01-01

460

Library Laws of Texas.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compiled to provide a central reference point for all legislative information pertaining to libraries in the state of Texas, this publication includes all pertinent legislation as amended through the 66th Legislature, Regular Session, 1979. It contains articles dealing specifically with archives, buildings and property, city libraries, non-profit…

Seidenberg, Ed, Ed.

461

About the Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Out for Equity is a program of the Saint Paul Public Schools. Our mission is to support the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) students, staff, and families through education, research and support services. We believe that every student, staff, and family deserves a safe and affirming school environment that promotes positive self-esteem, respect for others and academic

Audre Lorde

462

hr-law: Human Rights Law Mailing List  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

hr-law is a mailing list for law students studying international human rights or humanitarian law, or who are just interested in the subject. The purpose of the list is to provide a forum where people can share information, experiences and ideas. Some of the appropriate topics for this list include: information on how to do research in the human rights area, and sharing of hints; exchanging help on papers or research projects; discussion of topics related to human rights law; and sharing information on employment, internship and volunteer opportunities.

463

Relations between Continuous Versions of Bibliometric Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates how the addition of a third "hidden" variable to the two parameters in Lotka's law makes this law equivalent, in a strictly logical sense, with Mandelbrot's law. Similarly, Lotka's inverse square law is made equivalent with Leimkuhler's law. It is also shown how Pareto's law fits into this framework. (29 references) (Author/CLB)

Rousseau, Ronald

1990-01-01

464

Publications | Poster  

Cancer.gov

Platinum Publications are selected from articles by NCI at Frederick scientists published in 21 prestigious science journals. This list represents new publications generated from PubMed as of the date shown above.

465

Coping with the General Mining Law of 1872 in the 1980's  

SciTech Connect

In this article the authors examine the difficulties encountered by modern hardrock mineral explorers in locating and maintaining unpatented mining claims on the public domain, under the General Mining Law of 1872. The authors point out the tension between the requirements of the General Mining Law, on the one hand, and the economic and technological realities of hardrock mineral exploration, on the other. The article outlines practical solutions within the framework of court decisions construing the General Mining Law.

Knutson, R.D.; Morris, H.G. Jr.

1981-01-01

466

A brief primer on Good Samaritan law for health care professionals.  

PubMed

The Good Samaritan law is not found on the statute books, but has been a concept that courts have applied as public policy. However, this has recently changed in all the states and territories in Australia with the codification of Good Samaritan law. This paper is a timely reminder for health practitioners of the doctrine of the Good Samaritan, as well as the relative legal uncertainty of rescue at common law. PMID:17669072

Gulam, Hyder; Devereux, John

2007-08-01

467

Should assisted dying be lawful?  

PubMed

Calls for a change in the law to allow strictly controlled forms of assisted dying in the UK have resurfaced following a much-publicised storyline on the subject on the TV soap opera Coronation Street and the impending debate on Lord Falconer's Assisted Dying Bill in the House of Lords. This article reviews the current stance of the law on euthanasia and assisted dying and considers Lord Falconer's attempts to reform the law through the Assisted Dying Bill. PMID:24514111

Griffith, Richard

2014-02-01

468

Women's Law Initiative  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This information Web site, established and maintained by the Women's Law Initiative (WLI), is an online resource that provides legal information to women and girls living with or escaping domestic violence. Seeking to "empower women and girls to lead independent and productive lives, free from abuse," this site offers step-by-step instructions on filing for and obtaining restraining orders in all 50 US states and Washington, DC. Also, the site contains "plain language translations" of domestic violence statutes, as well as online links to counseling services, shelters, legal assistance, downloadable court documents, locations of courthouses and sheriffs' offices for filing forms and serving court papers, and legislation news regarding domestic violence. The site is not only a valuable resource for women who experience domestic abuse, but also a handy guide for the people who help them.

469

Nanoplasmonics beyond Ohm's law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In tiny metallic nanostructures, quantum confinement and nonlocal response change the collective plasmonic behavior with important consequences for e.g. field-enhancement and extinction cross sections. We report on our most recent developments of a real-space formulation of an equation-of-motion that goes beyond the common local-response approximation and use of Ohm's law as the central constitutive equation. The electron gas is treated within a semi-classical hydrodynamic model with the emergence of a new intrinsic length scale. We briefly review the new governing wave equations and give examples of applying the nonlocal framework to calculation of extinction cross sections and field enhancement in isolated particles, dimers, and corrugated surfaces.

Mortensen, N. Asger; Toscano, Giuseppe; Raza, Sřren; Stenger, Nicolas; Yan, Wei; Jauho, Antti-Pekka; Xiao, Sanshui; Wubs, Martijn

2012-09-01

470

Rephrasing Faraday's Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As physics educators, we must often find the balance between simplicity and accuracy. Particularly in introductory courses, it can be a struggle to give students the level of understanding for which they're ready without misrepresenting reality. Of course, it's in these introductory courses that our students begin to construct the conceptual framework that they'll flesh out over a physics curriculum. So a misrepresentation at this early stage will seed difficulties and stubborn misconceptions that can persist or even strengthen through subsequent courses, especially since many upper-level texts focus more on techniques and would not directly challenge mistaken concepts. In the worst cases, our students retain misunderstandings past graduation, and even pass them on to their own students. One important case is the common representation of Faraday's law as showing that a time-varying magnetic field causes a circulating electric field.

Hill, S. Eric

2010-09-01

471

Videofile for Law Enforcement  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Components of a videotape storage and retrieval system originally developed for NASA have been adapted as a tool for law enforcement agencies. Ampex Corp., Redwood City, Cal., built a unique system for NASA-Marshall. The first application of professional broadcast technology to computerized record-keeping, it incorporates new equipment for transporting tapes within the system. After completing the NASA system, Ampex continued development, primarily to improve image resolution. The resulting advanced system, known as the Ampex Videofile, offers advantages over microfilm for filing, storing, retrieving, and distributing large volumes of information. The system's computer stores information in digital code rather than in pictorial form. While microfilm allows visual storage of whole documents, it requires a step before usage--developing the film. With Videofile, the actual document is recorded, complete with photos and graphic material, and a picture of the document is available instantly.

1977-01-01

472

Measuring public policy: The case of beer keg registration laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there are many valuable evaluations of alcohol control policies, most do not account for the complexities of the policies, such as variability across jurisdictions, conceptual multi-dimensionality, implementation procedures and enforcement mechanisms. We conducted a detailed analysis of state beer keg registration policies in US. Based on reviews of keg registration statutes and regulations and surveys of alcohol beverage control

Alexander C. Wagenaar; Eileen M. Harwood; Cindy Silianoff; Traci L. Toomey

2005-01-01

473

Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978, Public Law 95-541  

NSF Publications Database

A permit is required for entry into most Sites of Special Scientific Interest, and all entries must be consistent with a site management plan. Revised area descriptions and management plans were adopted for: SPA 13, Moe Island, South Orkney Islands SPA 15, Southern Powell Island, South Orkney Islands SPA 24, Pointe-Geologie, Terre Adelie SSSI 11, Tramway Ridge, Mt. 71, Whalers Bay Whaling Station, Whalers Bay, Deception Island The description of Historic Site 14, Inexpressible Island, Terra ...

474

Public Law 92-500 Assessment Regional Impacts. Technical Volume.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Authors review the economic, institutional and environmental impacts of the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972 (P.L. 92-500) on eleven regions -- Delaware River Basin, Merrimack/Nashua Rivers, the Kanawha River, Lake Erie, the Ohio Riv...

1976-01-01

475

76 FR 67251 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel KAUHALE KAI III; Invitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel KAUHALE KAI III; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel KAUHALE KAI III is: INTENDED COMMERCIAL USE OF VESSEL: ``Short term...

2011-10-31

476

78 FR 11270 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel KAI ORA; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel KAI ORA; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel KAI ORA is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Skippered...

2013-02-15

477

77 FR 21152 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel LOST SOUL; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel LOST SOUL; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel LOST SOUL is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Pleasure...

2012-04-09

478

43 CFR 2524.1 - Conditions excusing entrymen from compliance with the desert-land laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Conditions excusing entrymen from compliance with the desert-land laws. 2524.1 Section 2524.1 Public...THE INTERIOR LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000) DESERT-LAND ENTRIES Desert-Land Entries Within a Reclamation Project...

2013-10-01

479

43 CFR 2524.1 - Conditions excusing entrymen from compliance with the desert-land laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Conditions excusing entrymen from compliance with the desert-land laws. 2524.1 Section 2524.1 Public...THE INTERIOR LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000) DESERT-LAND ENTRIES Desert-Land Entries Within a Reclamation Project...

2009-10-01

480

43 CFR 2524.1 - Conditions excusing entrymen from compliance with the desert-land laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Conditions excusing entrymen from compliance with the desert-land laws. 2524.1 Section 2524.1 Public...THE INTERIOR LAND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT (2000) DESERT-LAND ENTRIES Desert-Land Entries Within a Reclamation Project...

2010-10-01

481

77 FR 35745 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SMOKE AND ROSES; Invitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SMOKE AND ROSES; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel SMOKE AND ROSES is: INTENDED COMMERCIAL USE OF VESSEL: ``We...

2012-06-14

482

78 FR 64282 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel EVEN KIEHL; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel EVEN KIEHL; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel EVEN KIEHL is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Sightseeing...

2013-10-28

483

78 FR 8698 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel COOL BEANS; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel COOL BEANS; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel COOL BEANS is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: Sightseeing...

2013-02-06

484

78 FR 53004 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SECOND WIND; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Laws: Vessel SECOND WIND; Invitation for Public...description of the proposed service, is listed below...Transportation, Docket Operations, M-30, West Building...applicant the intended service of the vessel SECOND WIND is: Intended...

2013-08-27

485

78 FR 35092 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BEAR BOAT; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BEAR BOAT; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel BEAR BOAT is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Crewed and...

2013-06-11

486

27 CFR 478.24 - Compilation of State laws and published ordinances.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...licensees. (b) âState Laws and Published OrdinancesâFirearmsâ is incorporated by reference in this part. It is ATF Publication 5300.5, revised yearly. The current edition is available from the Superintendent of Documents, U.S....

2011-04-01

487

78 FR 76403 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel VICTORIA; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel VICTORIA; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel VICTORIA is: Intended Commercial Use Of Vessel: ``Carrying up...

2013-12-17

488

77 FR 74274 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel MELLO MOON; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel MELLO MOON; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel MELLO MOON is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Six pack...

2012-12-13

489

78 FR 70096 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BLUE MOON; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BLUE MOON; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel BLUE MOON is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Bareboat...

2013-11-22

490

77 FR 10802 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SILVER MOON; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SILVER MOON; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel SILVER MOON is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Catamaran...

2012-02-23

491

78 FR 25530 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel HOWLIN AT THE MOON...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel HOWLIN AT THE MOON; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...the applicant the intended service of the vessel HOWLIN AT THE MOON is: [[Page 25531

2013-05-01

492

42 CFR 485.707 - Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Clinics, Rehabilitation Agencies, and Public Health Agencies as Providers of Outpatient Physical Therapy and Speech-Language Pathology Services § 485.707 Condition of participation: Compliance with Federal, State, and local laws. The...

2013-10-01

493

78 FR 23823 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel FISHIN GAME; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel FISHIN GAME; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel FISHIN GAME is: Intended Commercial Use Of Vessel: Sport fishing...

2013-04-22

494

77 FR 5628 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BIG GAME; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BIG GAME; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel BIG GAME is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Fishing...

2012-02-03

495

76 FR 70216 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws; Vessel REEL ATTITUDE; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws; Vessel REEL ATTITUDE; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration, Department...applicant the intended service of the vessel REEL ATTITUDE is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel:...

2011-11-10

496

77 FR 151 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SEA QUEST; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SEA QUEST; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel SEA QUEST is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Short term...

2012-01-03

497

78 FR 35091 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel HOT ROD; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel HOT ROD; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel HOT ROD is: INTENDED COMMERCIAL USE OF VESSEL: ``Charter...

2013-06-11

498

78 FR 35091 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BAD INFLUENCE; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BAD INFLUENCE; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel BAD INFLUENCE is: INTENDED COMMERCIAL USE OF VESSEL: ``6...

2013-06-11

499

78 FR 64282 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel MULLIGAN; Invitation for...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel MULLIGAN; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel MULLIGAN is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Full day...

2013-10-28

500

Mexican Laws and Regulations Governing Occupational Safety and Health. A Selection of Principal Documents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The compilation of Mexican Laws, regulations, and standards dealing with occupation safety and health is the second in a series of publications being developed jointly by the United States and Mexico in connection with the Memorandum of Understanding (MOU...

1993-01-01