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1

Law and the Public's Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This installment of Law and the Public's Health examines the role of law in addressing the U.S. obesity epidemic. After a background and overview that considers the legal duty of public health to act in the face of docu - mented public health threats, this article examine how the tools of governmental authority can be brought to bear on this

Kevin W. Ryan; Jennifer L. Shaw; Sarah A. Ganahl; Joseph W. Thompson

2

Law and the Public's Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This installment of Law and the Public's Health visits two related subjects that are periodically covered in this column: the role of federalism in formulating and enforcing public health policy, and the role of courts in interpreting the reach of public agency powers. These two issues represent classic areas of inquiry in public health policy and practice. 1 Recent installments

GONZALES V. OREGON

3

Law and public health at CDC.  

PubMed

Public health law is an emerging field in U.S. public health practice. The 20th century proved the indispensability of law to public health, as demonstrated by the contribution of law to each of the century's 10 great public health achievements. Former CDC Director Dr. William Foege has suggested that law, along with epidemiology, is an essential tool in public health practice. Public health laws are any laws that have important consequences for the health of defined populations. They derive from federal and state constitutions; statutes, and other legislative enactments; agency rules and regulations; judicial rulings and case law; and policies of public bodies. Government agencies that apply public health laws include agencies officially designated as "public health agencies," as well as health-care, environmental protection, education, and law enforcement agencies, among others. PMID:17183242

Goodman, Richard A; Moulton, A; Matthews, G; Shaw, F; Kocher, P; Mensah, G; Zaza, S; Besser, R

2006-12-22

4

International environmental law and global public health.  

PubMed Central

The environment continues to be a source of ill-health for many people, particularly in developing countries. International environmental law offers a viable strategy for enhancing public health through the promotion of increased awareness of the linkages between health and environment, mobilization of technical and financial resources, strengthening of research and monitoring, enforcement of health-related standards, and promotion of global cooperation. An enhanced capacity to utilize international environmental law could lead to significant worldwide gains in public health. PMID:12571726

Schirnding, Yasmin von; Onzivu, William; Adede, Andronico O.

2002-01-01

5

Nottingham Law School Topics in Public International Law / the Law of War  

E-print Network

Nottingham Law School Topics in Public International Law / the Law of War Projects based around to utilise collective force in self-defence? The UN Charter purportedly altered the place of armed neutrality on the Graduate School website Entry requirement A good UK honours degree (or equivalent) in a related subject

Evans, Paul

6

Discrimination in Public Employment: The Evolving Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph reviews the current status of constitutional, statutory, and case law governing public employers' obligations to assure equal employment opportunities and employees' rights to nondiscriminatory treatment. An initial overview of the legal framework discusses federal equal protection mandates including the guarantee of equal…

McCarthy, Martha M.

7

Realising social justice in public health law.  

PubMed

Law has played an important, but largely constitutive, role in the development of the public health enterprise. Thus, law has been central to setting up the institutions and offices of public health. The moral agenda has, however, been shaped to a much greater extent by bioethics. While social justice has been placed at the heart of this agenda, we argue that there has been little place within dominant conceptions of social justice for gender equity and women's interests which we see as crucial to a fully realised vision of social justice. We argue that, aside from particular interventions in the field of reproduction, public health practice tends to marginalise women-a claim we support by critically examining strategies to combat the HIV pandemic in sub-Saharan Africa. To counter the marginalisation of women's interests, this article argues that Amartya Sen's capabilities approach has much to contribute to the framing of public health law and policy. Sen's approach provides an evaluative and normative framework which recognises the importance of both gender and health equity to achieving social justice. We suggest that domestic law and international human rights provisions, in particular the emerging human right to health, offer mechanisms to promote capabilities, and foster a robust and inclusive conception of social justice. PMID:23118470

Fox, Marie; Thomson, Michael

2013-03-01

8

Globalization of public health law and ethics.  

PubMed

The Constitution of the World Health Organization (1946) states that the "enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social position." The international legal framework for this right was laid by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and reaffirmed in the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (1966) and the Declaration of Alma-Ata (1978). In recent years, the framework has been developed on 10 key elements: national and international human rights, laws, norms, and standards; resource constraints and progressive realization; obligations of immediate effect; freedoms and entitlements; available, accessible, acceptable, and good quality; respect, protect, and fulfill; non-discrimination, equality, and vulnerability; active and informed participation; international assistance and cooperation; and monitoring and accountability. Whereas public health law plays an essential role in the protection and promotion of the right to health, the emergence of SARS (2003) highlighted the urgent need to reform national public health laws and international obligations relating to public health in order to meet the new realities of a globalized world, leading to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (2003) and the revision of the WHO International Health Regulations (2005). The Asian Institute for Bioethics and Health Law, in conjunction with the Republic of Korea's Ministry of Health and Welfare and the WHO International Digest of Health Legislation, conducted a comparative legal analysis of national public health laws in various countries through a project entitled Domestic Profiles of Public/Population Health Legislation (2006), which underscored the importance of recognizing the political and social contexts of distinct legal cultures, including Western, Asian, Islamic, and African. PMID:23093515

Sohn, Myongsei

2012-09-01

9

Pub Hlth 436: Public Health Law Summer Term 2007  

E-print Network

Pub Hlth 436: Public Health Law Summer Term 2007 Syllabus PH 436 Public Health Law Syllabus Summer standards for the collective good often compromises individual liberty. The study of Public Health Law and implementation of all public health legislation and regulation. Students will become familiar with terminology

Contractor, Anis

10

Public Law 480 and Related Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surplus agricultural commodities have been moved abroad during the late 1950's under several programs: Public Law 480, The Mutual Security Act, and foreign dollar loans and credits. Shipments under these programs have bulked large in recent years—running close to 40 per cent of total agricultural exports and amounting to about $1.5 billion. The emphasis in these programs has been on

Willard W. Cochrane

1960-01-01

11

Making the Case for Laws That Improve Health: A Framework for Public Health Law Research  

PubMed Central

Context: Public health law has received considerable attention in recent years and has become an essential field in public health. Public health law research, however, has received less attention. Methods: Expert commentary. Findings: This article explores public health law research, defined as the scientific study of the relation of law and legal practices to population health. The article offers a logic model of public health law research and a typology of approaches to studying the effects of law on public health. Research on the content and prevalence of public health laws, processes of adopting and implementing laws, and the extent to which and mechanisms through which law affects health outcomes can use methods drawn from epidemiology, economics, sociology, and other disciplines. The maturation of public health law research as a field depends on methodological rigor, adequate research funding, access to appropriate data sources, and policymakers’ use of research findings. Conclusions: Public health law research is a young field but holds great promise for supporting evidence-based policymaking that will improve population health. PMID:20579282

Burris, Scott; Wagenaar, Alexander C; Swanson, Jeffrey; Ibrahim, Jennifer K; Wood, Jennifer; Mello, Michelle M

2010-01-01

12

GAFL 505\\/URBS 505 - LAW FOR PUBLIC MANAGERS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Goal of the Course: This course teaches students the legal framework that governs public management at the federal, state and local levels. The first unit addresses federal law and covers separation of powers, federalism, individual rights, administrative law, and the legal process. The second unit addresses state law and includes state constitutions, state government structures and the relationship between state

Christopher Patusky

13

Montana Library Laws, Rules, and Public Library Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapter 1 of this handbook of Montana library laws, rules, and public library standards contains excerpts from the Constitution of Montana, including articles on property tax exemptions, educational goals and duties, and code of ethics. Montana library laws covering the following areas are presented in Chapter 2: publication and updating of the…

Montana State Library, Helena.

14

Coded Statutory Data Sets for Evaluation of Public Health Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background and objectives: The evaluation of public health law requires reliable accounts of underlying statutes and regulations. States often enact public health-related statutes with nonuniform provisions, and variation in the structure of state legal codes can foster inaccuracy in evaluating the impact of specific categories of law. The optimal…

Costich, Julia Field

2012-01-01

15

Moving from intersection to integration: public health law research and public health systems and services research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context: For three decades, experts have been stressing the importance of law to the effective operation of public health systems. Most recently, in a 2011 report, the Institute of Medicine recommended a review of state and local public health laws to ensure appropriate authority for public health agencies; adequate access to legal counsel for public health agencies; evaluations of the

Scott Burris; Glen P. Mays; F Douglas Scutchfield; Jennifer K Ibrahim

2012-01-01

16

The Internationalization of Public Interest Law  

E-print Network

Violence Against Women Act and trafficking cases, Pace LawAgainst Women Act and Victims of Trafficking and Violenceand trafficking cases. As immigrant rights groups and clinical programs have embraced issues impacting women and

Cummings, Scott L

2006-01-01

17

Critical opportunities for public health law: a call for action.  

PubMed

Although legal interventions are responsible for many sentinel public health achievements, law is underutilized as a tool for advancing population health. Our purpose was to identify critical opportunities for public health lawmaking. We articulated key criteria and illustrated their use with 5 examples. These opportunities involve significant health problems that are potentially amenable to change through law and for which an effective legal intervention is available: optimizing graduated driver licensing laws, increasing tax rates on alcoholic beverages, regulating sodium in foods, enacting laws to facilitate reversal of opioid overdoses, and improving mental health interventions in the college setting. We call for a national conversation about critical opportunities for public health law to advance evidence-based policymaking. PMID:24028265

Mello, Michelle M; Wood, Jennifer; Burris, Scott; Wagenaar, Alexander C; Ibrahim, Jennifer K; Swanson, Jeffrey W

2013-11-01

18

The Regulation of Public Social Life: Communication Law Revisited.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develops a taxonomy of the indirect, intentional, or unintended regulations which influence social interaction in public spaces. Suggests an expansion of the scope of communication law. Describes how the taxonomy developed through a case study of a suburban municipality, encompassing zoning laws, penal codes, minimum drinking and driving ages, and…

Drucker, Susan J.; Gumpert, Gary

1996-01-01

19

Tobacco sampling, public policy and the law.  

PubMed

Cigarette and snuff sampling is a rapidly growing form of tobacco promotion. This article advocates prohibiting tobacco sampling in view of the unique public health risk provoked by sampling. Smokers begin their smoking careers as children, and children are recipients of tobacco samples. Sampling encourages tobacco experimentation, which often produces an addiction similar to morphine and cocaine; the public is generally unaware of the extreme risk of addiction. A recent Supreme Court opinion (Posadas) makes it clear that cigarette advertising can be outlawed. Furthermore, Congress, through the Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act and Smokeless Tobacco Education Act, has not preempted or removed the power of states to ban sampling. PMID:3794264

Garner, D W

1986-01-01

20

Georgetown Law: Center on Poverty, Inequality and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Law Center of Georgetown and the Georgetown Public Policy Institute have teamed up to assist policymakers, lawmakers, researchers, and others to effectively address poverty and inequality as a function of public policy. Their website allows anyone to read publications by the Center's esteemed thinkers. In the "Current Projects" link on the menu of the left side of any page, visitors can read the center's Youth Policy, Low-Income Tax Policy, and Cross-Cutting Policy Poverty Initiatives.

21

Moving from Intersection to Integration: Public Health Law Research and Public Health Systems and Services Research  

PubMed Central

Context For three decades, experts have been stressing the importance of law to the effective operation of public health systems. Most recently, in a 2011 report, the Institute of Medicine recommended a review of state and local public health laws to ensure appropriate authority for public health agencies; adequate access to legal counsel for public health agencies; evaluations of the health effects and costs associated with legislation, regulations, and policies; and enhancement of research methods to assess the strength of evidence regarding the health effects of public policies. These recommendations, and the continued interest in law as a determinant of health system performance, speak to the need for integrating the emerging fields of Public Health Law Research (PHLR) and Public Health Systems and Services Research (PHSSR). Methods Expert commentary. Findings This article sets out a unified framework for the two fields and a shared research agenda built around three broad inquiries: (1) the structural role of law in shaping the organization, powers, prerogatives, duties, and limitations of public health agencies and thereby their functioning and ultimately their impact on public health (“infrastructure”); (2) the mechanisms through which public health system characteristics influence the implementation of interventional public health laws (“implementation”); and (3) the individual and system characteristics that influence the ability of public health systems and their community partners to develop and secure enactment of legal initiatives to advance public health (“innovation”). Research to date has laid a foundation of evidence, but progress requires better and more accessible data, a new generation of researchers comfortable in both law and health research, and more rigorous methods. Conclusions The routine integration of law as a salient factor in broader PHSSR studies of public health system functioning and health outcomes will enhance the usefulness of research in supporting practice and the long-term improvement of system performance. PMID:22709392

Burris, Scott; Mays, Glen P; Douglas Scutchfield, F; Ibrahim, Jennifer K

2012-01-01

22

The effect of public disclosure laws on biomedical research.  

PubMed

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and state 'open-records' laws govern access to records in the possession of federal agencies and state entities, such as public universities. Although these laws are intended to promote 'open government' and to assure the existence of an informed citizenry capable of holding government officials accountable for their decisions, an inherent tension exists between the public's access to information and biomedical research institutions' need to ensure the confidentiality of proprietary records and to protect the personal safety of employees. Recognizing these and other conflicts, the federal FOIA and state public-disclosure laws contain express exemptions to protect sensitive information from disclosure. Although some state open-records laws are modeled after the federal FOIA, important differences exist based on the language used by the state law, court interpretations, and exemptions. Two specific types of exemptions are particularly relevant to research facilities: exemptions for research information and exemptions for personal information. Responding to FOIA and state open-records requests requires knowledge of relevant laws and the involvement of all interested parties to facilitate a coordinated and orderly response. PMID:22776187

Cardon, Andrew D; Bailey, Matthew R; Bennett, B Taylor

2012-05-01

23

Modernizing public health law: protection and enforcement.  

PubMed

Health protection legislation has been updated through amendments to the Public Health (Control of Disease) Act 1984 to take account of emerging diseases and the risk of contamination by adopting an all hazard approach to disease protection. To further strengthen safeguards for protecting health, new health protection powers have been given to local authorities and magistrates. The powers can be used to prevent and control the spread of infectious diseases and contamination. Health professionals, including district nurses, need to be aware of the health protection powers. This will enable them to take appropriate decisions in cases where voluntary measures to protect health are not possible. PMID:21841635

Griffith, Richard; Tengnah, Cassam

2011-08-01

24

Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act. Public Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the text of Public Law 106-229, the "Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act." The act states that, with respect to any transaction in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce: a signature, contract, or other record relating to such transaction may not be denied legal effect, validity, or enforceability…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

25

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of abstracts provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject matter--e.g., energy and clean water, food and health, foreign investments, ethics in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on House Administration.

26

Privatising the Public University: The Case of Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Privatising the Public University: The Case of Law" is the first full-length critical study examining the impact of the dramatic reforms that have swept through universities over the last two decades. Drawing on extensive research and interviews in Australia, New Zealand, the UK and Canada, Margaret Thornton considers the impact of the market on…

Thornton, Margaret

2011-01-01

27

Public Health Law for a Brave New World; Book Review: Lawrence O. Gostin, Public Health Law: Power, Duty, Restraint  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is book review of Lawrence O. Gostin's new edition of Public Health Law: Power, Duty, Restraint (University of California Press, Berkeley, California, 2d ed., 2008). A review of a second edition of a book may be somewhat unusual as subsequent editions of already published works typically do not break new ground. But this book is different. Gostin's first edition,

2008-01-01

28

Public Health Law and the Prevention and Control of Obesity  

PubMed Central

Context: Obesity constitutes a major public health challenge in the United States. Obesogenic environments have increased owing to the consumption of calorie-dense foods of low nutritional value and the reduction of daily physical activity (e.g., increased portion sizes of meals eaten in and out of the home and fewer physical activity requirements in schools). Policymakers and public health practitioners need to know the best practices and have the competencies to use laws and legal authorities to reverse the obesity epidemic. For instance, statutes and regulations at the federal, state, and local levels of government have been implemented to improve nutritional choices and access to healthy foods, encourage physical activity, and educate consumers about adopting healthy lifestyles. Methods: In an effort to understand the application of laws and legal authorities for obesity prevention and control, in June 2008 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention convened the National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control. An outcome of this summit will be the publication of the proceeding's white papers written by eight law and subject-matter experts with substantive contributions from summit participants, which will identify actionable options that sectors and organizations at various jurisdictional levels can consider adopting. Findings: Law has played a critical role in the control of chronic diseases and the behaviors that lead to them. The use of a systematic legal framework—the use of legislation, regulation, and policy to address the multiple factors that contribute to obesogenic environments—can assist in the development, implementation, and evaluation of a variety of legal approaches for obesity prevention and control. Conclusions: Although public health–focused legal interventions are in an early stage and the direct and indirect impact they may have on the obesity epidemic is not yet understood, efforts such as the summit and white papers should help determine potentially viable legal interventions and assess their impact on population-level change. PMID:19298421

Dietz, William H; Benken, Donald E; Hunter, Alicia S

2009-01-01

29

Weather Modification Decision Making: State Law and Public Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

A three-year sociological study has focused on a comparison of public response and decision-making processes with reference to weather modification projects in a number of states. Weather modification is currently subject to legislative regulation in 29 states. Selected characteristics of these state laws are examined as relevant aspects of decision-making contexts for the technology. Existence of such legislative specifications as

Barbara C. Farhar; Julia Mewes

1975-01-01

30

Community energy systems and the law of public utilities  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Nebraska governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitiled ''Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities--Volume One: An Overview.'' This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

31

RAVE: Research of Articles and Decisions in Public International Law and European Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Ministry of Sciences and Research of the Land of Northrhine-Westphalia (Germany) and the Paul-Mikat-Foundation, Dusseldorf (Germany), this site contains bibliographic citations to over 4,000 pertinent articles and decisions. RAVE is composed of two main sections: Public International Law and European Law. Citations are available from the early 1990's and can be browsed or searched via an Excite engine. A systematic index is available for browsing, as is an alphabetical one (although the latter is unfortunately not hyperlinked). A list of periodicals and abbreviations is also provided. Users can opt to view the site in English, French, or German with citations given in the language of their origin. Hyperlinks to decisions or documents are provided when available.

1998-01-01

32

The Impact of Right-to-Carry Concealed Firearm Laws on Mass Public Shootings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Right-to-carry (RTC) laws mandate that concealed weapon permits be granted to qualified applicants. Such laws could reduce the number of mass public shootings as prospective shooters consider the possibility of encountering armed civilians. However, these laws might increase the number of shootings by making it easier for prospective shooters to acquire guns. We evaluate 25 RTC laws using state panel

Grant Duwe; Tomislav Kovandzic; Carlisle E. Moody

2002-01-01

33

76 FR 75949 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel NAGA; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel NAGA; Invitation for Public Comments...build requirement of the coastwise laws under certain circumstances. A request...particular emphasis on bird watching, natural history and catamaran sailing.''...

2011-12-05

34

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

...Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities...EMPLOYEES OF STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees...Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement...

2014-07-01

35

Public-Place Smoking Laws and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Current Draft: November 2010  

E-print Network

Public-Place Smoking Laws and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) 1 Current Draft: November 2010 Public-Place Smoking Laws and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Christopher Carpenter*, Sabina Postolek, and Casey Warman ABSTRACT Public-place smoking restrictions are the most

Silver, Whendee

36

A Basic Introduction to Land Use Control Law and Doctrine. Publication 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Divided into four sections, this paper discusses the historical development of land-use control law and doctrine. Entitled "Genesis of the Zoning Mechanism", Part 1 discusses zoning in terms of: a by-product of urbanization: common law land-use controls (public and private nuisance laws); private property as restraint on land-use legislation…

Roberts, E. F.

37

Health Professions Education Partnerships Act of 1998. Public Law 105-392.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the full text of Public Law 105-392, the Health Professions Partnerships Act of 1998, a law which amends the Public Health Service Act to consolidate and reauthorize health professions and minority and disadvantaged health education programs. Title I concerns health professions education and financial assistance programs.…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

38

Public Policy, Regulatory & Legal Issues of Social Networking: Applying CyberLaw to Twitter  

E-print Network

Public Policy, Regulatory & Legal Issues of Social Networking: Applying CyberLaw to Twitter by John formulation for the micro-blogging telecommunications technology: Twitter, by analogizing from other social networking phenomena. This paper concludes that the law, regulation and public policy appropriate for Twitter

Petrick, Irene J.

39

Media Coverage of Law: Its Impact on Juries and the Public  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because most of the public has little direct experience with the justice system, public knowledge and views of law and the legal system are largely dependent on media representations. The media provide many lessons about law and justice. In the average American household, a TV set is on for over 7 hours each day, and individual members of the family

Valerie P. Hans; Juliet Dee

1991-01-01

40

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act -Public Law 111-5 Select News and Analysis  

E-print Network

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act - Public Law 111-5 Select News and Analysis WSU Program The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 Public Law 111-5 Links to Select News and Analysis Compiled by staff of the WSU Extension Energy Library Last updated: 7/9/2013 Text of the American

Collins, Gary S.

41

Public Smoking Bans, Youth Access Laws, and Cigarette Sales at Vending Machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tobacco control policies have proliferated in many countries in recent years, in particular youth access laws and public smoking bans. The eff ectiveness of youth access laws is still disputed, however, as are the costs of public smoking bans to the hospitality industry. Using a unique data set on cigarette sales at more than 100k vending machines that provides fi

Michael Kvasnicka

2010-01-01

42

Chinese Practice in Public International Law: 2006 (I)1  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractThis part of the Survey covers materials reflecting Chinese practice in 2006 relating to: I. Subjects under discussion at the ILC (Shared natural resources; responsibility of international organizations; reservation to treaties; unilateral acts of states; effects of armed conflicts on treaties; obligation to extradition or prosecution; fragmentation of international law); II. International human rights law (general commitment on human rights;

Lijiang ZHU

2007-01-01

43

Legal aspects of public health: how law frames communicable disease control in Greece.  

PubMed

We reviewed Greek law (legislation, historic Royal Decrees, and modern Presidential ones, 1833-2010) pertinent to control of communicable diseases and compared this body of Greek law with the revised International Health Regulations. Greece authorizes and regulates communicable disease control commensurate with public health risks, and integrates the principles of equality, objectivity, and respect for human rights. Despite strength at the level of principles, Greek law lacks coherence, clarity, and systematization. An inadequate body of regulations means legislation falls short of adequate implementing authority and guidelines; public health authorities often cannot find or understand the laws, nor are they certain about allocation of jurisdictional authority. We identified areas for improvement. PMID:21866179

Hatzianastasiou, Sophia; Pavli, Androula; Maltezou, Helena C

2011-11-01

44

Awareness and attitude to the law banning smoking in public places in Osun State, Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Objective This study determined the awareness and attitude towards the Osun state prohibition of smoking in public places law. Method Descriptive cross-sectional study design. 520 consenting respondents recruited using a convenience sampling method were interviewed using a semi-structured questionnaire covering their smoking pattern, awareness and attitude towards the law of prohibition of smoking in public places in Osun State. Data analyzed using descriptive and chi-square statistics. Results Only 38% were aware of the law while none had seen the document. Fifty six percent felt cigarette smoking is a problem that required the law to be implemented, while only 20% agreed that the law will stop tobacco use. The radio (58%), bill boards (45%) and newspapers (44%) were the major sources of awareness of the law. The perception of risk posed to the public and family health by cigarette smoking was poor among the participants. Conclusion There is poor awareness and attitude to the law of prohibition of smoking in public places in Osun State. It is necessary to increase sensitization of the general public and enforcement of the law. PMID:24674579

2014-01-01

45

Public health law and disaster medicine: understanding the legal environment.  

PubMed

Disaster medicine specialists, policy makers, and the public often feel frustrated when they encounter the complex legal framework that surrounds public health emergencies and disasters. Such a framework is particularly difficult to understand when one considers that the federal government has no express powers over public health or disaster management. In fact, under the US Constitution, the states, rather than the federal government, possess public health governance. Although public health sovereignty formally resides within the states, and notwithstanding the federal government's lack of express constitutional powers over public health crises and disaster management, the federal government has gradually taken on a greater leadership role in managing public health emergencies. In order to clarify the state and federal responsibilities surrounding public health emergencies and disasters, this article explores necessary and pertinent legal topics. These topics include public health duties, public health disasters, state sovereignty, governmental coercion, de facto constitutional empowerment, separation of powers, limited powers, federalism, state police powers, general and federal declarations of emergencies, the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act (MSEHPA), and public health and national security. PMID:18271154

Gionis, Thomas A; Wecht, Cyril; Marshall, Lewis W

2007-01-01

46

The public philosophy of John Dewey and the evolution of law enforcement  

E-print Network

This thesis identifies the convergence between John Dewey's ideas regarding the public and the evolution of law enforcement practices. There are four areas covered, those being responses to major shifts in cultural activities and assumptions...

Patterson, Michael Lewis

2004-09-30

47

78 FR 46409 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel WING; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel WING; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel WING is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Crewed day &...

2013-07-31

48

78 FR 13752 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel GATO; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel GATO; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel GATO is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: Six pack...

2013-02-28

49

78 FR 76406 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel COSMO; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel COSMO; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel COSMO is: Intended Commercial Use Of Vessel: ``Day sail...

2013-12-17

50

78 FR 70097 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BEE; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BEE; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel BEE is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Skippered day...

2013-11-22

51

PUBLIC LAW 10756--OCT. 26, 2001 UNITING AND STRENGTHENING AMERICA BY  

E-print Network

An Act To deter and punish terrorist acts in the United States and around the world, to enhance law OF THE BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS STATUTE. Chapter 10 of title 18, United States Code, is amended-- (1) in section 175-- (A Death Penalty Act of 1996 (Public Law 104­132), and is not exempted under subsection (h) of such section

Oliver, Douglas L.

52

7 CFR 1944.548 - Counseling consent by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan history including the following...

2010-01-01

53

7 CFR 1944.548 - Counseling consent by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan history including the following...

2011-01-01

54

BETH E. CATE Associate Professor of Law and Public Affairs  

E-print Network

, Center for the Study of Religion, Ethics and Society (2014) Indiana University Maurer School of Law (2011 Leadership Team, Center of Excellence for Women in Technology (CEWiT) (2013-present) #12;2 ServeIT Advisory Allissa Kizer, B.S.P.A., Expected 2015 Lara Kish, B.S.P.A., 2013 Rebecca Mandel, B.S.P.A., 2012 Holly

Craft, Christopher B.

55

Channeling: Identity-Based Social Movements and Public Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first Part of this Article poses a descriptive, sociological-type model of the multifaceted influence of law on the birth of the primary IBSMs (identity-based social movements) of the latter half of the twentieth century. Legal rules and their enforcers strongly reinforced stigmas and disadvantages that not only provided important incentives and goals for minorities, but helped give concrete meaning

Eskridge William N. Jr

2001-01-01

56

Public Health Law and the Prevention and Control of Obesity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context: Obesity constitutes a major public health challenge in the United States. Obesogenic environments have increased owing to the consumption of calorie-dense foods of low nutritional value and the reduction of daily physical activity (e.g., increased portion sizes of meals eaten in and out of the home and fewer physical activity requirements in schools). Policymakers and public health practitioners need

WILLIAM H. DIETZ; DONALD E. BENKEN; ALICIA S. HUNTER

2009-01-01

57

Collaboration Between Public Health and Law Enforcement: New Paradigms and Partnerships for Bioterrorism Planning and Response  

PubMed Central

The biological attacks with powders containing Bacillus anthracis sent through the mail during September and October 2001 led to unprecedented public health and law enforcement investigations, which involved thousands of investigators from federal, state, and local agencies. Following recognition of the first cases of anthrax in Florida in early October 2001, investigators from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) were mobilized to assist investigators from state and local public health and law enforcement agencies. Although public health and criminal investigations have been conducted in concert in the past, the response to the anthrax attacks required close collaboration because of the immediate and ongoing threat to public safety. We describe the collaborations between CDC and FBI during the investigation of the 2001 anthrax attacks and highlight the challenges and successes of public health and law enforcement collaborations in general. PMID:12396931

Cohen, Mitchell L.; Friedman, Cindy R.; Scripp, Robert M.; Watz, Craig G.

2002-01-01

58

International law, public health, and the meanings of pharmaceuticalization  

PubMed Central

Recent social science scholarship has employed the term “pharmaceuticalization” in analyses of the production, circulation and use of drugs. In this paper, we seek to open up further discussion of the scope, limits and potential of this as an analytical device through consideration of the role of law and legal processes in directing pharmaceutical flows. To do so, we synthesize a range of empirical and conceptual work concerned with the relationships between access to medicines and intellectual property law. This paper suggests that alongside documenting the expansion or reduction in demand for particular drugs, analysts of pharmaceuticalization attend to the ways in which socio-legal developments change (or not) the identities of drugs, and the means through which they circulate and come to be used by states and citizens. Such scholarship has the potential to more precisely locate the biopolitical processes that shape international agendas and targets, form markets, and produce health.

Cloatre, Emilie; Pickersgill, Martyn

2014-01-01

59

Achieving public health legal preparedness: how dissonant views on public health law threaten emergency preparedness and response  

PubMed Central

Background Effective management of modern public health emergencies requires the coordinated efforts of multiple agencies representing various disciplines. Organizational culture differences between public health (PH) and emergency management (EM) entities may hinder inter-agency collaboration. We examine how PH and EM differ in their approach to PH law and how such differences affect their collaboration towards PH preparedness. Methods We conducted 144 semi-structured interviews with local and state PH and EM officials between April 2008 and November 2009. Thematic qualitative analysis in ATLAS.ti was used to extract characteristics of each agency's approach to PH legal preparedness. Results Two conflicting approaches to the law emerge. The PH approach is characterized by perceived uncertainty regarding legal authority over preparedness planning tasks; expectation for guidance on interpretation of existing laws; and concern about individual and organizational liability. The EM approach reveals perception of broad legal authority; flexible interpretation of existing laws; and ethical concerns over infringement of individual freedoms and privacy. Conclusions Distinct interpretations of preparedness law impede effective collaboration for PH preparedness. Clarification of legal authority mandates, designation within laws of scope of preparedness activities and guidance on interpretation of current federal and state laws are needed. PMID:21059686

Botoseneanu, Anda; Wu, Helen; Wasserman, Jeffrey; Jacobson, Peter D.

2011-01-01

60

Legal and Public Health Considerations Affecting the Success, Reach, and Impact of Menu-Labeling Laws  

PubMed Central

Because the rate of consumption of away-from-home meals has increased dramatically, the distinction between requiring nutrition information for packaged but not restaurant products is no longer reasonable. Public health necessitates that nutrition labels must be included with restaurant menus as a strategy to educate consumers and address the escalation of obesity. Menu-labeling laws are being considered at the local, state, and federal levels, but the restaurant industry opposes such action. We discuss the public health rationale and set forth the government’s legal authority for the enactment of menu-labeling laws. We further aim to educate the public health community of the potential legal challenges to such laws, and we set forth methods for governments to survive these challenges by drafting laws according to current legal standards. PMID:18633081

Pomeranz, Jennifer L.; Brownell, Kelly D.

2008-01-01

61

The Mabie Law Library is open to the public for legal research. http://www.law.ucdavis.edu/library Phone: (530) 752-3327  

E-print Network

valuable materials unattended. Theft occurs periodically. Mobile phones: use of cell phones in Library Phone: (530) 752-3327 MABIE LAW LIBRARY GUIDE 2013-2014 Address & Phone 400 Mrak Hall Drive Davis, CAThe Mabie Law Library is open to the public for legal research. http://www.law.ucdavis.edu/library

Schladow, S. Geoffrey

62

Don't Shoot the Messenger: Public Relations for Law Enforcement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This communication project provides an overview of public relations as seen through the communication arts. It is specifically focused to give law enforcement officers a general review of the practice of public relations, communication basics, and an understanding of the media. This course also provides the facilitator with multiple tools for…

Baxter, David S.

2013-01-01

63

American Revolution: Crisis of Law and Change. Public Issues Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is part of a series of units designed to help students take and defend a position on public issues. By looking at how decisions were made in the past, students can see that history did not have to happen just the way it did. By looking at how conflicts were resolved in other times and places, students can clarify their positions on…

Giese, James R.; Glade, Mary Elizabeth

64

Strengthening the united states’ database protection laws: Balancing public access and private control  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper develops three arguments for increasing the strength of database protection under U.S. law. First, stronger protections\\u000a would encourage private investment in database development, and private databases have many potential benefits for science\\u000a and industry. Second, stronger protections would discourage extensive use of private licenses to protect databases and would\\u000a allow for greater public control over database laws and

David B. Resnik

2003-01-01

65

29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...1604—Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...President Carter signed into law the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Pub. L....

2010-07-01

66

The Impact of Sunshine/Open Meeting Laws on the Governing Boards of Public Colleges and Universities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The provisions of "sunshine" or "open meeting" laws are discussed to assist governing boards and chief executive officers of public universities and colleges. These laws stipulate that the business of the public must be conducted in public. Topics include: the legal constitution of a meeting, personnel matters, collective bargaining, consultation…

Kaplowitz, Richard A.

67

Protecting the public's health following the Virginia Tech tragedy: issues of law and policy.  

PubMed

Assessing legal responsibility in the aftermath of the April 2007 tragedy at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech) is inevitable. Beyond assigning blame, law- and policymakers should examine ways to protect the public from future incidences of gun violence on campuses and other settings. Although no combination of legal responses may fully deter individuals who are intent on causing significant harm, select legal reforms have the potential to prevent future acts of gun violence. These reforms include considering more restrictive gun laws nationally, reporting individuals with known mental impairments that may endanger themselves or others to federal or state databases, and refining laws that limit institutions from acting in advance to address prospectively dangerous people. Each of these reforms has the potential to reduce acts of gun violence to improve the public's health, but also implicates individual rights and interests. PMID:18388615

Hodge, James G

2007-09-01

68

Paternalism & Its Discontents: Motorcycle Helmet Laws, Libertarian Values, and Public Health  

PubMed Central

The history of motorcycle helmet legislation in the United States reflects the extent to which concerns about individual liberties have shaped the public health debate. Despite overwhelming epidemiological evidence that motorcycle helmet laws reduce fatalities and serious injuries, only 20 states currently require all riders to wear helmets. During the past 3 decades, federal government efforts to push states toward enactment of universal helmet laws have faltered, and motorcyclists’ advocacy groups have been successful at repealing state helmet laws. This history raises questions about the possibilities for articulating an ethics of public health that would call upon government to protect citizens from their own choices that result in needless morbidity and suffering. PMID:17194856

Jones, Marian Moser; Bayer, Ronald

2007-01-01

69

Brutal Cops, News Coverage, and Public Perceptions of Law Enforcement: An Experimental Investigation of Reality Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the relationship between newspaper coverage of police brutality, the public construction of law enforcement reality, and the predictive capacity of exemplification theory. Two randomly selected subsamples were assigned to either a control or test condition in a posttest only experiment. Those in the test group were exposed to six newspaper accounts recounting incidents of police brutality. A

Gregg A. Payne; David Dozier

70

Law, Ethics, and Religion in the Public Square: Principles of Restraint and Withdrawal  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, scholars have begun to recognize and discuss the profound questions that arise in attempting to determine the place of religion in the law and the legal profession. This discussion has emerged on at least two separate yet related levels. On one level, scholars have debated the place of religion in various segments of the public sphere, including

Samuel J. Levine

2000-01-01

71

75 FR 33421 - Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Quality Control Provisions of Title IV of Public Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...days. As discussed in the preamble to the proposed rule, when the time to complete reviews and issue error rates was cut back by the Mickey Leland Childhood Hunger Relief Act, Public Law 103-66, FNS absorbed the entire reduction. When...

2010-06-11

72

An Evaluation of the Delaware State Public Elementary and Secondary Educational Equalization Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the wake of court decisions in the cases of "Serrano v. Priest,""San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez," and "Robinson v. Cahill," Congress set aside funds as part of Public Law 93-380 for state departments of education to study the equitability of current educational funding arrangements. This document analyzes Delaware's…

Link, Charles R.; And Others

73

Is Legal Positivism as Worthless as Many Italian Scholars of Public Law Depict It?  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractAn increasing number of Italian scholars are beginning to share the idea that the conceptual basis of legal positivism (LP) is wrong, particularly in the field of Public Law. According to a group of theories called neoconstitutionalism,? constitutionalism is to be understood not only as a principle based on the need to impose legal limits to political power, but also

STEFANO CIVITARESE MATTEUCCI

2010-01-01

74

The Public Law Outline and Family Group Conferences in Childcare Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United Kingdom, the Children Act (1989) states that children are best brought up with their families. However, if a child is suffering from or likely to suffer from significant harm, then the local authorities may initiate care proceedings under section 31 of the Children Act (1989). The Public Law Outline is a judicial case management tool…

Evans, Carly Anne

2011-01-01

75

75 FR 27863 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY Paperwork Reduction...1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed...Tennessee Valley Authority. ACTION: Proposed...The Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this...

2010-05-18

76

78 FR 26682 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY Paperwork Reduction...1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed...Tennessee Valley Authority. ACTION: Proposed...The Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this...

2013-05-07

77

78 FR 17995 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY Paperwork Reduction...1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed...Tennessee Valley Authority. ACTION: Proposed...The Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this...

2013-03-25

78

75 FR 15492 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY Paperwork Reduction...1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed...Tennessee Valley Authority. ACTION: Proposed...The Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this...

2010-03-29

79

78 FR 44188 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY Paperwork Reduction...1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed...Tennessee Valley Authority. ACTION: Proposed...The Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this...

2013-07-23

80

75 FR 34534 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY Paperwork Reduction...1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed...Tennessee Valley Authority. ACTION: Submission...The Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this...

2010-06-17

81

75 FR 45697 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TENNESSEE VALLEY AUTHORITY Paperwork Reduction...1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed...Tennessee Valley Authority. ACTION: Proposed...The Tennessee Valley Authority is soliciting public comments on this...

2010-08-03

82

Issues Associated with the Conveyance and Transfer of DOE Lands under Public Law 105-119  

SciTech Connect

Public Law 105-119 (Law) was enacted in November 1997 as part of the Defense Authorization Act of 1998 (Act). The Law specifically requires the US Department of Energy (DOE) to identify lands that are suitable for conveyance or transfer at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) within 90 days after enactment of the Act. In general, suitable lands include those parcels that are not required to meet the national security missions assigned to DOE at LANL within a ten year period beginning on the date of enactment of the Act. Additional suitability criteria are addressed below and include the need to establish clear title to the land and to restore areas contaminated with hazardous wastes. This proposed change in future land ownership is intended to serve as the final settlement of DOE community assistance obligations with respect to LANL and Los Alamos County and to stimulate economic development.

Ladino, A.G.

1999-04-21

83

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Three. Alabama  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Alabama governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

84

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-four. Tennessee  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Tennessee governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

85

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-six. Mississippi  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Mississippi governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

86

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-two. Maryland  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Maryland governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

87

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Nineteen. Kentucky  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Kentucky governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

88

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Fifteen. Illinois  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Illinois governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

89

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-three. Massachusetts  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Massachusetts governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

90

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Eight. Colorado  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Colorado governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

91

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Eleven. Florida  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Florida governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

92

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-two. South Carolina  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of South Carolina governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

93

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty-six. North Dakota  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of North Dakota governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

94

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Seventeen. Iowa  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Iowa governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

95

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Six. Arkansas  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Arkansas governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

96

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-one. Maine  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Maine governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

97

Community energy systems and the law of public utilities. Volume thirty-four. New York  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of New York governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

98

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-three. South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of South Dakota governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

99

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-seven. Missouri  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Missouri governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

100

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty-seven. Ohio  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Ohio governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

101

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty-two. New Jersey  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of New Jersey governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

102

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Nine. Connecticut  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description of the laws and programs of the State of Connecticut governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

103

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty. Nevada  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Nevada governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

104

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-five. Minnesota  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Minnesota governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

105

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-one. Rhode Island  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Rhode Island governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

106

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty-nine. Oregon  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Oregon governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

107

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Two. Federal  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the Federal government governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

108

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-nine. Washington  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Washington governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

109

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-eight. Montana  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Montana governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

110

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-eight. Virginia  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Virginia governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

111

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Eighteen. Kansas  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Kansas governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

112

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Fifty-two. Wyoming  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Wyoming governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

113

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty-one. New Hampshire  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of New Hampshire governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One. An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

114

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Seven. California  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of California governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

115

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Sixteen. Indiana  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Indiana governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

116

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Five. Arizona  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Arizona governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

117

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty-three. New Mexico  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of New Mexico governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

118

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Four. Alaska  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Alaska governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

119

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-five. Texas  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Texas governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

120

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart E of... - FmHA or Its Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract C Exhibit C to Subpart...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT...Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract To: Area Director, Office of Federal Contract Compliance Program,...

2010-01-01

121

Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law and public health https://theconversation.edu.au/julia-gillard-big-pharma-patent-law-and-public-health-10226[28/11/2012 11:49:28 AM  

E-print Network

Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law and public health https://theconversation.edu.au/julia-gillard-big-pharma Health + Medicine Politics + Society Science + Technology Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law to the resource barons with the mining tax. The government is now considering Big Pharma ­ the pharmaceutical

Botea, Adi

122

Policy, law, and public opposition: the prospects for abyssal ocean waste disposal in the United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ocean is one of several media available for the disposal of society's wastes. Recently, its use for this purpose has been curtailed sharply. In this paper, we describe the potential role of the ocean in an economically optimal multimedia waste disposal framework, review international agreements and U.S. laws regulating ocean disposal, and discuss the role of public perceptions and environmental agendas in present policies governing ocean disposal. Our focus is on the disposal in the abyssal ocean of wastes such as sewage sludge. We conclude that while the U.S. ban on ocean waste disposal may be reasonable in view of uncertainties about environmental costs, the effective ban on limited disposal for research purposes is more difficult to justify. A restoration of public trust in government institutions and in the waste management industry is a likely prerequisite for the relaxation of public opposition to any change in the present prohibitions.

Kite-Powell, Hauke L.; Hoagland, Porter; Jin, Di

1998-05-01

123

Bioterrorism Surveillance and Privacy: Intersection of HIPAA, the Common Rule, and Public Health Law  

PubMed Central

The threat of bioterrorism in the wake of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks cannot be ignored. Syndromic surveillance, the practice of electronically monitoring and reporting real-time medical data to proactively identify unusual disease patterns, highlights the conflict between safeguarding public health while protecting individual privacy. Both the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act and the Common Rule (which promulgates protections for individuals in federally sponsored medical research programs) safeguard individuals. Public health law protects the entire populace; uneven state-level implementation lacks adequate privacy protections. We propose 3 models for a nationwide bioterrorism surveillance review process: a nationally coordinated systems approach to using protected health information, creating public health information privacy boards, expanding institutional review boards, or some combination of these. PMID:18382006

Nordin, James D.; Kasimow, Sophie; Levitt, Mary Jeanne; Goodman, Michael J.

2008-01-01

124

The public health information infrastructure. A national review of the law on health information privacy.  

PubMed

Our objectives were to review and analyze the laws in the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico that regulate the acquisition, storage, and use of public health data and to offer proposals for reform of the laws on public health information privacy. Virtually all states reported some statutory protection for governmentally maintained health data for public health information in general (49 states), communicable diseases (42 states), and sexually transmitted diseases (43 states). State statutes permitted disclosure of data for statistical purposes (42 states), contact tracing (39 states), epidemiologic investigations (22 states), and subpoena or court order (14 states). The survey revealed significant problems that affect both the development of fair and effective public health information systems and the protection of privacy. Statutes may be silent about the degree of privacy protection afforded, confer weaker privacy protection to certain kinds of information, or grant health officials broad discretion to disseminate personal information. Our proposals for law reform are based on a meeting of experts at the Carter Presidential Center under the auspices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists: (1) an independent data protection commission should be established, (2) health authorities should justify the collection of personally identifiable information, (3) subjects should be given basic information about data practices, (4) data should be held and used in accordance with fair information practices, (5) legally binding privacy and security assurances should attach to identifiable health information with significant penalties for breach of these assurances, (6) disclosure of data should be made only for purposes consistent with the original collection, and (7) secondary uses beyond those originally intended by the data collector should be permitted only with informed consent. PMID:8648874

Gostin, L O; Lazzarini, Z; Neslund, V S; Osterholm, M T

1996-06-26

125

7 CFR 1944.660 - Authorized representative of the HPG applicant and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...applicant and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 point of contact...and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 point of contact. (a) FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will deal...

2010-01-01

126

7 CFR 1950.104 - Borrower owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are...owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are...with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans...

2010-01-01

127

7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart A of... - Notice to FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Borrowers  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Notice to FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Borrowers A ...Notice to FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Borrowers FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 borrowers...

2010-01-01

128

7 CFR 1950.103 - Borrower owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are...owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are...the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan...

2010-01-01

129

7 CFR 1956.145 - Disposition of essential FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...essential FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 records. 1956...essential FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 records. FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Instruction...

2010-01-01

130

7 CFR 1948.89 - Land condemnation by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...condemnation by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1948.89 ...condemnation by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. (a) If FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 attempts to...

2010-01-01

131

7 CFR 1940.335 - Environmental review of FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals for...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...review of FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals for legislation...review of FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals for legislation...all FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals...

2010-01-01

132

7 CFR 1901.505 - Certificates of beneficial ownership in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...ownership in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans. 1901...ownership in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans. (a...time FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will...

2010-01-01

133

7 CFR 1980.452 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 evaluation of application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will include in the...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 449-1. The Conditional...that the Statements of Personal History(s) have been processed and...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 State Directors...

2011-01-01

134

7 CFR 1950.104 - Borrower owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by...  

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will assist in making arrangements for the...with equitable leasing policies and applicable FmHA...successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2014-01-01

135

7 CFR 1950.104 - Borrower owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will assist in making arrangements for the...with equitable leasing policies and applicable FmHA...successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2011-01-01

136

7 CFR 1950.104 - Borrower owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will assist in making arrangements for the...with equitable leasing policies and applicable FmHA...successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2012-01-01

137

7 CFR 1950.104 - Borrower owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will assist in making arrangements for the...with equitable leasing policies and applicable FmHA...successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2013-01-01

138

76 FR 66127 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel CAP II; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel CAP II; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY...applicant the intended service of the vessel CAP II is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``CAP II is a charter vessel used for pleasure...

2011-10-25

139

77 FR 75696 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Notice 8131] U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International...International Law, Department of State, hereby gives notice of a public...has published a Questionnaire for Member States on the Recognition and...

2012-12-21

140

How School Law Scholars Teach about Religion in Public Schools: An Analysis of Graduate and Undergraduate Textbooks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through an examination of undergraduate and graduate school law textbooks, this article speaks to scholars' interpretations of the law regarding religion and public schools. The most widespread issues that authors covered included student prayer, holiday displays, the distribution of religious material, and curricular challenges. Contrary to the central hypothesis in this study, one group of scholars does not necessarily take

Suzanne E. Eckes

2010-01-01

141

State environmental law and carbon emissions: Do public utility commissions use environmental statutes to fight global warming?  

SciTech Connect

In many states environmental statutes provide the authority for public utility commissioners to make decisions to reduce greenhouse gases from electricity generation. This article looks at six such laws and how the presence of these laws affected CO{sub 2} emissions during a nine-year period from 1997 to 2005. (author)

Sautter, John A.

2010-10-15

142

Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

2007-08-02

143

Should industry care for children? Public health advocacy and law in Australia.  

PubMed

This paper uses examples to illustrate the challenges to health and law professionals interested in public health interventions to reduce the negative impact of companies making money by selling products that put children and young people at risk. Examples included are folate to prevent neural tube defects, with issues around the food industry attempting to block mandatory fortification of flour with folate; fetal alcohol syndrome and hazardous drinking in young people, with a focus on the actions of the alcohol industry including vendors; smoking and the ways in which the tobacco industry still target children; and childhood obesity, with problems again from the food and drink industries including vendors. PMID:19249801

Stanley, F; Daube, M

2009-03-01

144

Cultural cognition and public policy: the case of outpatient commitment laws.  

PubMed

What explains controversy over outpatient commitment laws (OCLs), which authorize courts to order persons with mental illness to accept outpatient treatment? We hypothesized that attitudes toward OCLs reflect "cultural cognition" (DiMaggio, P. Annl Rev Sociol 23:263-287, 1997), which motivates individuals to conform their beliefs about policy-relevant facts to their cultural values. In a study involving a diverse sample of Americans (N = 1,496), we found that individuals who are hierarchical and communitarian tend to support OCLs, while those who are egalitarian and individualistic tend to oppose them. These relationships, moreover, fit the cultural cognition hypothesis: that is, rather than directly influencing OCL support, cultural values, mediated by affect, shaped individuals' perceptions of how effectively OCLs promote public health and safety. We discuss the implications for informed public deliberation over OCLs. PMID:19169799

Kahan, Dan M; Braman, Donald; Monahan, John; Callahan, Lisa; Peters, Ellen

2010-04-01

145

Thurgood Marshall Law Library: Historical Publications of the United States Commission on Civil Rights  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 2001, staff members at the Thurgood Marshall Law Library at the University of Maryland have worked to create an electronic archive of United States Commission on Civil Rights publications. They have worked with a number of partners on this ambitious project, including the United States Government Printing Office and The United States Commission on Civil Rights. The site is easy to use, as visitors can locate various publications merely by consulting the materials by title, date, or subject. The subject listing is quite thorough, as visitors can look through headings like "Alaska", "Migrant Workers", and "Welfare reform". Browsing by year is an equally fruitful proposition as documents such as "Racism in America and how to combat it" from 1970 and 1992's "Civil rights issues facing Asian Americans in the 1990" will be of interest to legal scholars, historians, and others.

146

Enforcement of Ohio's Smoke Free Workplace Law Through the Lens of Public Health Practice  

PubMed Central

Objectives Little is known about whether public health (PH) enforcement of Ohio's 2007 Smoke Free Workplace Law (SFWPL) is associated with department (agency) characteristics, practice, or state reimbursement to local PH agencies for enforcement. We used mixed methods to determine practice patterns, perceptions, and opinions among the PH workforce involved in enforcement to identify agency and workforce associations. Methods Focus groups and phone interviews (n=13) provided comments and identified issues in developing an online survey targeting PH workers through e-mail recruitment (433 addresses). Results A total of 171 PH workers responded to the survey. Of Ohio's 88 counties, 81 (43% rural and 57% urban) were represented. More urban than rural agencies agreed that SFWPL enforcement was worth the effort and cost (80% vs. 61%, p=0.021). The State Attorney General's collection of large outstanding fines was perceived as unreliable. An estimated 77% of agencies lose money on enforcement annually; 18% broke even, 56% attributed a financial loss to uncollected fines, and 63% occasionally or never fully recovered fines. About half of agency leaders (49%) felt that state reimbursements were inadequate to cover inspection costs. Rural agencies (59%) indicated they would be more likely than urban agencies (40%) to drop enforcement if reimbursements ended (p=0.0070). Prioritization of SFWPL vs. routine code enforcement differed between rural and urban agencies. Conclusions These findings demonstrate the importance of increasing state health department financial support of local enforcement activities and improving collection of fines for noncompliance. Otherwise, many PH agencies, especially rural ones, will opt out, thereby increasing the state's burden to enforce SFWPL and challenging widespread public support for the law. PMID:23277660

Allan, Terry; Stefanak, Matthew; Chandran Pillai, Aiswarya; Drabousky, Aylin S.; Borawski, Elaine A.; Frank, Scott

2013-01-01

147

The risk of domestic violence and women with HIV infection: implications for partner notification, public policy, and the law.  

PubMed Central

Partner notification has emerged as an important strategy in the fight against acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and states have now adopted a plethora of laws that encourage or mandate notification, often without the patient's consent. As human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection continues to spread among women, the future development of AIDS control strategies and public health laws must be shaped by concern for the safety and autonomy of patients who face a risk of domestic violence. Three distinct recommendations flow from this premise. First, all HIV-infected women should be assessed for the risk of domestic violence and offered appropriate interventions. Second, where a risk of abuse is indicated, partners should never be notified without the patient's consent. State laws that presently permit involuntary notification should be repealed or amended. Third, laws that punish a patient's refusal to notify partners should also be modified or repealed. PMID:7485675

Rothenberg, K H; Paskey, S J

1995-01-01

148

TRUSTEES FOR ALASKA A Nonprofit Public Interest Law Firm Providing Counsel to Protect and Sustain Alaska's Environment  

E-print Network

TRUSTEES FOR ALASKA A Nonprofit Public Interest Law Firm Providing Counsel to Protect and Sustain Alaska's Environment 1026 W. 4th Ave., Suite 201 Anchorage, AK 99501 (907) 276-4244 (907) 276-7110 Fax Alaska District Department ofthe Army Permit Evaluation and Decision Document - Application No. POA-2003

US Army Corps of Engineers

149

Conservation Service Reform Act of 1986: Public Law 99-412, Ninety-Ninth Congress, August 28, 1986  

SciTech Connect

Public Law 99-412 amends the National Energy Conservation Policy Act to continue the effort to control energy demand growth. The bill changes some plan requirements affecting utilities, eligibility, exemptions and waivers, alternative state plans, and reporting. Title II repeals Title VII of the NECPA dealing with commercial and multifamily buildings and demonstration projects.

Not Available

1986-01-01

150

Reflections of a "Guardian Ad Litem" on the Participation of Looked-After Children in Public Law Proceedings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is much debate about the rights of children relating to the nature and degree of their participation in Public Law Proceedings. Articles 12 (1) and 12 (2) of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 emphasise that children should be involved in decision-making about their welfare; and children who are capable of…

Donnelly, Cathy

2010-01-01

151

Law and Me: A Resource Guide for Social Studies Teachers in Milwaukee Public High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four units on legal education for high school social studies courses in Milwaukee schools are presented. Unit 1 briefly considers the nature of law in a democratic society. Using fictional situations, group activities, and diagrams, students examine the social contract, the pervasive nature of law in everyday life, and the sources of laws. In Unit…

Donegan, Robert; And Others

152

Minimum Wage Laws: Who Benefits, Who Loses? Series on Public Issues No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is the thesis of this booklet, one of a series intended to apply economic principles to major social and political issues of the day, that minimum wage laws actually hurt those whom such laws are designed to help. From this point of departure, separate subsections examine economic implications of minimum wage laws, including discussion of what…

Hobson, Margaret Jane; Maurice, S. Charles

153

Law and Minimum World Public Order: Armed Conflict in Larger Context  

Microsoft Academic Search

From what I have heard, and recently read, I gather that there is a movement to bring together the law of war and the law of human rights. This article will be directed toward the possible integration of these two, once allegedly different, dimensions of inherited experience. I propose to try to put the problems of humanitarian law into a

Myres S. McDougal

1984-01-01

154

Prevailing Wage Laws and School Construction Costs: An Analysis of Public School Construction in Maryland and the Mid-Atlantic States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an analysis of the prevailing wage laws' impact on public school construction costs in Maryland. The document also provides a comparison of school construction costs of Mid-Atlantic states with prevailing wage laws as well as comparisons between Maryland jurisdictions with and without these laws. The discussion examines the…

Prus, Mark J.

155

7 CFR 1955.11 - Conveyance of property to FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 by trustee in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...under Public Law 103-354 by trustee in bankruptcy. 1955.11 Section 1955.11 ...under Public Law 103-354 by trustee in bankruptcy. (a) Authority. With the...to the Government by the Trustee in Bankruptcy, provided: (1) The...

2010-01-01

156

7 CFR 1901.507 - Certificates of beneficial ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office. 1901.507 Section 1901...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office. (a) Orders and payment...in certificates may be placed with the Finance Office by mail, telephone,...

2012-01-01

157

7 CFR 1901.507 - Certificates of beneficial ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office. 1901.507 Section 1901...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office. (a) Orders and payment...in certificates may be placed with the Finance Office by mail, telephone,...

2013-01-01

158

7 CFR 1901.507 - Certificates of beneficial ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office. 1901.507 Section 1901...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office. (a) Orders and payment...in certificates may be placed with the Finance Office by mail, telephone,...

2011-01-01

159

7 CFR 1901.507 - Certificates of beneficial ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office. 1901.507 Section 1901...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office. (a) Orders and payment...in certificates may be placed with the Finance Office by mail, telephone,...

2014-01-01

160

7 CFR 1940.326 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency.  

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. 1940.326 Section 1940...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. (a) When other Federal...consult with these agencies to determine a lead Agency for preparing the EIS....

2014-01-01

161

7 CFR 1940.326 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. 1940.326 Section 1940...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. (a) When other Federal...consult with these agencies to determine a lead Agency for preparing the EIS....

2010-01-01

162

7 CFR 1940.326 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. 1940.326 Section 1940...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. (a) When other Federal...consult with these agencies to determine a lead Agency for preparing the EIS....

2011-01-01

163

7 CFR 1940.326 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. 1940.326 Section 1940...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. (a) When other Federal...consult with these agencies to determine a lead Agency for preparing the EIS....

2013-01-01

164

7 CFR 1940.326 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. 1940.326 Section 1940...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. (a) When other Federal...consult with these agencies to determine a lead Agency for preparing the EIS....

2012-01-01

165

45 CFR 287.165 - What are the data collection and reporting requirements for Public Law 102-477 Tribes that...  

...Public Law 102-477 Tribes that consolidate a NEW Program with other programs? 287.165...SERVICES THE NATIVE EMPLOYMENT WORKS (NEW) PROGRAM Data Collection and Reporting...Public Law 102-477 Tribes that consolidate a NEW Program with other programs?...

2014-10-01

166

RUIr81ll Perspectives on Special Education in Transition: Public Law lOSe1't, Amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1997  

Microsoft Academic Search

Changes to thepolicy requiring the provision ofspecial education beingprovided in the nation's schools have re­ cently been enacted. The1997Amendmentsto the Individuals withDisabilities Education Act, Public Law 105-17, extend the values ofequity, efficiency, and choice upon which Public Law94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of1975, was enacted and implemented. The changes to the law are subtle, yet significant, and

Terry R. Berkeley

1998-01-01

167

The Paradox of Law Enforcement in Immigrant Communities: Does Tough Immigration Enforcement Undermine Public Safety?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Frustrated by federal inaction on immigration reform, several U.S. states in recent years have proposed or enacted laws designed to stem the flow of illegal immigrants into the United States and to facilitate their removal. An underappreciated implication of these laws is the potential alienation of immigrant communities—even law-abiding, cooperative individuals—from the criminal justice system. The ability of the criminal

David S. Kirk; Andrew V. Papachristos; Jeffrey Fagan; Tom R. Tyler

2012-01-01

168

Ethnicity, Law and the Social Good. Volume II. Ethnicity and Public Policy Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume examines the relationship between ethnicity and the law, looking at the two, first in principle and then as they relate to education, employment, and neighborhoods. Philosophically, the papers included in the book represent 4 different perspectives: (1) that the law should recognize only individual rights and that membership in an…

Van Horne, Winston A., Ed.; Tonnesen, Thomas V., Ed.

169

The Law and Emergencies: Surveillance for Public Health-Related Legal Issues During Hurricanes Katrina and Rita  

PubMed Central

Law influenced every aspect of the public health response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, from evacuation orders, to waivers of medical licensing requirements, to the clean-up of public health threats on private property. We used public health surveillance of news reports to identify and characterize legal issues arising during the disaster response in 5 Gulf Coast states. Data collected from news reports of the events in real time were followed-up by interviews with selected state legal and emergency management officials. Our analysis indicates the value of surveillance during and after emergency responses in identifying public health–related legal issues and helps to inform the strengthening of legal preparedness frameworks for future disasters. PMID:17413083

Weiss, Rachel I.; McKie, Karen L.; Goodman, Richard A.

2007-01-01

170

7 CFR 1945.26 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA. 1945.26 Section 1945.26 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.26 Relationship between FmHA or its...

2011-01-01

171

7 CFR 1945.25 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA. 1945.25 Section 1945.25 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.25 Relationship between FmHA or its...

2010-01-01

172

7 CFR 1945.27 - Relationship between FCIC and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1945.27 Section 1945.27 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.27 Relationship between FCIC and FmHA or its...

2010-01-01

173

7 CFR 1945.28 - Relationship between ASCS and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1945.28 Section 1945.28 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.28 Relationship between ASCS and FmHA or its...

2011-01-01

174

7 CFR 1945.28 - Relationship between ASCS and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1945.28 Section 1945.28 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.28 Relationship between ASCS and FmHA or its...

2010-01-01

175

7 CFR 1945.28 - Relationship between ASCS and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1945.28 Section 1945.28 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.28 Relationship between ASCS and FmHA or its...

2012-01-01

176

7 CFR 1945.25 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA. 1945.25 Section 1945.25 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.25 Relationship between FmHA or its...

2011-01-01

177

7 CFR 1945.27 - Relationship between FCIC and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1945.27 Section 1945.27 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.27 Relationship between FCIC and FmHA or its...

2012-01-01

178

7 CFR 1945.25 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA. 1945.25 Section 1945.25 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.25 Relationship between FmHA or its...

2012-01-01

179

7 CFR 1945.27 - Relationship between FCIC and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1945.27 Section 1945.27 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.27 Relationship between FCIC and FmHA or its...

2011-01-01

180

7 CFR 1945.26 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA. 1945.26 Section 1945.26 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.26 Relationship between FmHA or its...

2012-01-01

181

Commission on the Advancement of Women and Minorities in Science, Engineering, and Technology Development Act. Public Law 105-255. 105th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Public Law (PL-105-255) lays out the reasons for establishing the Commission; the duties of the Commission; membership, directorship, and powers of the commission; and expectations for the Commission's report. (WRM)

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House.

182

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90...ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Accident and Fire Prevention Fire Administration...

2013-07-01

183

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90...ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT Accident and Fire Prevention Fire Administration...

2012-01-01

184

The Concept of ‘Law’ in Global Administrative Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

What constitutes ‘law’ in the efflorescent field of ‘global administrative law’? This article argues for a ‘social fact’ conception of law, emphasizing sources and recognition criteria, but it extends this Hartian positivism to incorporate requirements of ‘publicness’ in law. ‘Publicness’ is immanent in public law in national democratic jurisprudence, and increasingly in global governance, where it applies to public entities

Benedict Kingsbury

2009-01-01

185

"Street art" draws attention of the public, potential investors, and law enforcement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Blek le Rat, the man who gave birth to Banksyhttp://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/visual_arts/article4066727.eceBanksy [Macromedia Flash Player]http://www.banksy.co.uk/Tate Modern: Street Arthttp://www.tate.org.uk/modern/exhibitions/streetart/default.shtmTIME: Art of the Street Photo Essayhttp://www.time.com/time/photoessays/street_art/Streetarthttp://streetart.antville.org/Many experts and neophytes throughout the ages have asked, "What is art?" Some say there must be a mission statement or intentionality to have real "art", and others say that the matter is completely subjective. Some have created distinctions of "high" and "low" art to distinguish between the work of the Old Masters, for example, and that of young Turks who go around creating street art. One of these young Turks is the Bristol-born Banksy, who is well known for his graffiti projects across the world. Appearing almost out of nowhere, his work has included snarky representations of Queen Elizabeth II, law enforcement representatives, and deeply cynical send-ups of consumer culture. In recent times, Banksy's work, along with fellow street artists like Swoon, has garnered significant attention from cultural critics, the general public, and people who are plain furious about what they call defacement of property. Recently, a piece by Jennifer Hill at Reuters took a close look at the growing interest among investors in such work, even though the work sometimes appears on large buildings and structures, and therefore cannot be moved or modified due to its placement. Financial planner Christine Ross at the SG Hambros Private Bank noted that in thinking about the rising value of such work, "When you come to sell, who knows where the market will be? It can very much depend on what's in vogue. While you'll probably find a buyer for most pieces, at what price?" The first link will take users to a piece by Jennifer Hill from Reuters UK about the rising interest in various types of street art. The second link leads to an article from the Times Online about the "grand old man" of street art, Blek le Rat. Moving on, the third link leads to the homepage of the elusive Banksy. On the site, visitors can learn about his work, and even download a few works for their own personal use. The fourth link leads to information about a current exhibit at the Tate Modern in London, which presents the work of six internationally, acclaimed street artists. The exhibition looks quite fascinating, and well worth a visit. The fifth link leads to an interactive photo essay from TIME which offers up a selection of street art from artists such as WK, Miss Van, and Pez. The final link whisks visitors away to the collaborative weblog "Streetart" which is a place for "photos of DIY posters, guerilla stickers, home-made stencils, etc.".

Grinnell, Max

2008-06-13

186

Public Policy Report. Beyond the Parental Leave Debate: The Impact of Laws in Four States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This discussion of findings from the State Parental Leave Study of the Families and Work Institute identifies major issues in the debate over legislated parental leave. The effects of passage of state parental leave laws in Minnesota, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin on employees who are parents, employers, and federal legislation are also…

Bond, James T.; And Others

1991-01-01

187

Reconsidering the legality of cigarette smoking advertisements on television public health and the law.  

PubMed

Television advertisements depicting the use of electronic cigarettes have recently exposed minors to images of smoking behaviors. While these advertisements are currently legal, existing laws should be interpreted or expanded to ban the commercial depiction of smoking behaviors with any product that resembles a cigarette to shield minors from potentially influential advertising. PMID:23581678

Hodge, James G; Collmer, Veda; Orenstein, Daniel G; Millea, Chase; Van Buren, Laura

2013-01-01

188

78 FR 64260 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...on Private International Law (ACPIL...Assistant Legal Adviser for Private International Law, Department...insolvency issues under consideration...International Trade Law (UNCITRAL...be. These issues will be discussed...of Private International Law, Office of Legal...

2013-10-28

189

Youth Tobacco Sales-to-Minors and Possession-Use-Purchase Laws: A Public Health Controversy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tobacco use among youth remains one of our nation's most significant public health problems, and yet available evidence from prevention and cessation person-centered approaches has been mixed. Given these disappointing outcomes, some have recommended more public health approaches, and these include tobacco sales-to-minors and…

Jason, Leonard A.; Pokorny, Steven B.; Muldowney, Kathleen; Velez, Melissa

2005-01-01

190

Scaling the Ivory Tower: State Public Records Laws and University Presidential Searches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important area of mass communication studies concerns legal limitations placed on public access to decisions made by state-funded organizations. Though all 50 states and the Congress have enacted statutes allowing public access to government records, universities in some states have won court battles to protect documents concerning presidential…

Davis, Charles N.

191

77 FR 26820 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel KEALIA; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration, Department...Transportation, as represented by the Maritime Administration (MARAD...Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration, 1200 New Jersey...Full Moon Charter, the company under which KEALIA will...

2012-05-07

192

Integrated electronic waste management in Mexico : law, technology and public policy  

E-print Network

What is electronic waste? Why is it considered a problem? What are the public health implications of its mishandling? The electronic industry, a sector that has experienced one of the highest growth rates of the last decade, ...

Gonzalez Llera, Ricardo, 1971-

2004-01-01

193

Digital Advanced Wireless Services (DAWS)-the ETSI standardization of the next generation mobile platform for public safety, law enforcement and non-tactical military  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the completion of the TETRA Packet Data Optimized (PDO) standard within the ETSI the idea to develop and standardize a new mobile broadband technology based on IP emerged rapidly and gained support from public safety and law enforcement authorities as well as from public network operators and industry. The work which is code-named DAWS has been presented also to

S. Ring

2000-01-01

194

Did the Civil Rights Movement Have a Direct Impact on Public Policy? Evidence from the Passage of State Fair Housing Laws, 1959-1965*  

E-print Network

Did the Civil Rights Movement Have a Direct Impact on Public Policy? Evidence from the Passage of public policy. In the case of the U.S. civil rights movement, sociological research has been inconclusive housing laws and analyzes a new source of data to assess the effect of the civil rights movement on policy

Shyy, Wei

195

7 CFR 1940.325 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true FmHA or its successor agency under Public...Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES...successor agency under Public Law 103-354's role as the cooperating agency. The...

2010-01-01

196

State procurement law: facilitating the collaboration between health department and school of public health.  

PubMed

The mark of an "academic health department" includes shared activity by academic and practice partners sustained over time. Despite a long history of productive interactivity, the Pennsylvania Department of Health and the University of Pittsburgh's Graduate School of Public Health often faced administrative hurdles in contracting for projects of mutual interest. Seeking to overcome these hurdles, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the University of Pittsburgh's Graduate School of Public Health negotiated a Master Agreement on the basis of statutes designating both as "public procurement units." This provided a template for project specifications, standard financial terms, and a contracting process. Since taking effect, the Master Agreement has supported projects in policy development, capacity building, workforce development, program evaluation, data analysis, and program planning. This experience suggests an approach potentially useful for other states and localities seeking to solidify academic health department partnerships either envisioned for the future or already in place. PMID:24667195

Huber, George A; Barron, Gerald M; Duchak, Linda S; Raniowski, Martin; Alsahlani, Hazem S; Potter, Margaret A

2014-01-01

197

Law 302.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication outlines a law course intended as part of a business education program in the secondary schools of Manitoba, Canada. The one credit course of study should be taught over a period of 110-120 hours of instruction. It provides students with an introduction to the principles, practices, and consequences of law with regard to torts,…

Manitoba Dept. of Education, Winnipeg.

198

Employment Law and Workers with Disabilities: Implications for Public Sector Managers and Human Resource Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public sector managers can ensure compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act in the following ways: (1) clear, specific job descriptions; (2) consistent selection and testing processes; (3) participative management techniques; and (4) attention to coworker attitudes toward employees with disabilities. (SK)

Mello, Jeffrey A.

1995-01-01

199

OMNIBUS APPROPRIATIONS ACT, 2009 Public Law (P.L.) 111-8, 111th Congress  

E-print Network

and Digestive and Kidney Diseases For carrying out section 301 and title IV of the Public Health Service Act with respect to diabetes and digestive and kidney disease, $1,761,338,000. National Institute of Neurological Service Act with respect to cardiovascular, lung, and blood diseases, and blood and blood products, $3

Bandettini, Peter A.

200

The Role and Purposes of Public Schools and Religious Fundamentalism: An International Human Rights Law Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of what are today the legitimate and proper role and purposes of public schools can only be answered by a close examination and analysis of the human right to education which has been developed by such international organizations as the United Nations and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, and by…

Hodgson, Douglas Charles

2012-01-01

201

The Resurgent Tuberculosis Epidemic in the Era of AIDS: Reflections on Public Health, Law, and Society  

Microsoft Academic Search

The resurgence of tuberculosis and the rise in drug-resistant cases is neither inexplicable nor unexpected, but rather is the predictable outcome of a complex configuration of biological, social, and behavioral factors that have converged in America over the past decade. This article examines the biological, social, and behavioral causes of the epidemic, and suggests a comprehensive public health strategy for

Lawrence O. Gostin

1995-01-01

202

Child Labor LawsA Historical Case of Public Policy Implementation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models of public policy implementation proliferated during the 1970s and 1980s. We argue that these models should be robust across different time periods and should accurately postdict and explain the outcomes known to have occurred. This article looks at two models of policy implementation, one developed by Mazmanian and Sabatier and another developed by Nakwnura and Smallwood. Robustness and explanatory

Marjorie Sarbaugh-Thompson; Mayer N. Zald

1995-01-01

203

National Energy Conservation Policy Act. Public Law 95-619, 95th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (P.L. 95-619). The purposes of this act are to provide for the regulation of interstate commerce, to reduce the growth in demand for energy in the United States, and to conserve nonrenewable energy resources produced in this nation and elsewhere, without inhibiting beneficial economic…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

204

law, economic analysis of  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article surveys the economic analysis of five primary fields of law: property law; liability for accidents; contract law; litigation; and public enforcement and criminal law. It also briefly considers some criticisms of the economic analysis of law. Keywords adverse possession; asymmetric information; Becker, G.; Bentham, J.; bona fide purchase rule; Coase, R.; collective action; compensated takings; contract formation; contractual

A. Mitchell Polinsky; Steven Shavell

205

[Mandatory vaccination and health's right: the value of case law in the public health practice in Italy].  

PubMed

In Italy there have been several court appeals registered, which have been driven by individual convictions or group actions or movements and were aimed at obtaining exemption from the obligation to comply with compulsory vaccinations required by law. The aim of the present paper is to provide a quick review of the sentences resulting from activating these disputes, in order to contribute to the debate on overturning compulsory vaccination. The Jurisprudence of the Italian Constitutional Court has repeatedly confirmed the judgment on the constitutionality of rules on obligation, clarifying that only where specific reasons exist that make vaccinating the individual dangerous may non-compliance with the rules on compulsory vaccination be justified. This is in contrast with the case law on enforcement of compulsory vaccination, through the temporary suspension of parental authority. Taking responsibility for promoting immunisation decisions away from Public Health Services and handing it to the courtroom is not advisable, given the very small benefit. The problem must be placed under the careful attention of the Health Service due to communicative implications, which can be serious during the transition from a compulsory system of immunisation to a voluntary one. PMID:22834247

Tafuri, S; Martinelli, D; Prato, R; Germinario, C

2012-01-01

206

RETHINKING THE ROLE OF CLINICAL TRIAL DATA IN INTERNATIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW: THE CASE FOR A PUBLIC GOODS APPROACH  

PubMed Central

This article describes the growth and consequences of new intellectual property rights given to pharmaceutical developers, and it advocates treating clinical trials as a public good. Although the soaring cost of clinical trials is well known and discussed, too little attention is given to the underlying rationale for allowing drug developers to recoup their costs through the new intellectual property rights provided in multilateral, regional, and bilateral agreements. Known in the US as “market exclusivity” and in Europe as “data exclusivity,” these rights prohibit would-be generic producers from obtaining regulatory approval based on the original producers’ undisclosed test data. Market and data exclusivity is codified in US and European domestic law as well as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and, to a lesser degree, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Market and data exclusivity is binding an increasing number of developing countries via Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), which hinder developing countries from manufacturing generic drugs. At a minimum, negotiators should replace the norm of exclusive control over data with a liability rule, or take and pay rule, in which generic manufacturers can use original manufacturers’ clinical trial data in exchange for reasonable compensation. A more fundamental solution requires questioning the status quo of proprietary clinical trial data. The conventional wisdom is that market and data exclusivity, and drug developers’ consequent ability to limit competition from generics above and beyond patent protection, are a necessary incentive for drug developers to fund ever more expensive clinical trials. Clinical trial data, however, are public goods that will be undersupplied and over protected so long as private actors provide them. Moreover, manufacturers have an incentive to present clinical trial data so that they support regulatory approval at the expense of public health. Although liability rules are better than the status quo, they would not resolve the problem of treating a public good as proprietary. Governments should thus oversee and fund clinical trials as the public good that they are. Clinical tests should be awarded to the most qualified scientists through a competitive process, financed in part with the decrease in drug costs to governmental health care programs and in part with drug developers’ contributions, selected to maximize social benefit, and made global via intergovernmental bodies to maximize social return. This would reduce the cost of redundant investigations to the global public health system, lower supply costs to drug consumers, and lower the breakeven point for investment in research to discover new drugs. PMID:20431702

REICHMAN, JEROME H.

2009-01-01

207

What would Mary Douglas do? A commentary on Kahan et al., "Cultural cognition and public policy: the case of outpatient commitment laws".  

PubMed

Involuntary outpatient commitment is a highly controversial issue in mental health law. Strong supporters of outpatient commitment see it as a form of access to community-based mental health care and a less restrictive alternative to hospitalization for people with severe mental illness; vocal opponents see it as an instrument of social control and an unwarranted deprivation of individual liberty. Kahan and colleagues apply the theory of "cultural cognition" in an empirical study of how cultural worldviews influence support for outpatient commitment laws among the general public and shape perceptions of evidence for these laws' effectiveness. This article critiques Kahan et al. and offers an alternative perspective on the controversy, emphasizing particular social facts underlying stakeholders' positions on outpatient commitment laws. PMID:19462224

Swanson, Jeffrey

2010-06-01

208

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America. Part IIa: The Northern Plains. Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part IIa of a series of publications consisting of American Indian tribal governmental documents, this volume contains charters, constitutions, and by-laws of Indian tribes in the Northern Plains (Montana and North Dakota). Documents are presented relative to the Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Reservation, the Blackfeet Tribe of the…

Fay, George E., Comp.

209

Report to Congress on Implementation of Section 1001 of the USA PATRIOT Act (As Required by Section 1001(3) of Public Law 107-56), March 2014.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Section 1001 of the USA PATRIOT Act (Patriot Act), Public Law 107-56, directs the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ or Department) to undertake a series of actions related to claims of civil rights or civil liber...

2014-01-01

210

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America; Part III: The Southwest (Apache--Mohave). Occasional Publications in Anthropology Ethnology Series No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Museum of Anthropology of the University of Northern Colorado (formerly known as Colorado State College) has assembled a large number of Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to be reproduced as a series of publications. Included in this volume are the amended charter and constitution of the Jicarilla Apache Tribe, Dulce, New…

Fay, George E., Comp.

211

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America; Part IV: The Southwest (Navajo--Zuni). Occasional Publications in Anthropology Ethnology Series No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part IV of a series of publications consisting of American Indian tribal governmental documents, this volume includes charters, constitutions, articles of association, and by-laws of Indian tribes of New Mexico and Arizona. Documents are included relative to the Navajo Tribe of Arizona and New Mexico; the Eastern Navajo Council--New Mexico; the…

Fay, George E., Comp.

212

Faculty of Law Faculty of Law  

E-print Network

to Islamic Jurisprudence 0410171 04101713Personal Status" Marriage & Divorce" 0410272 04101713Personal Status)0420262 ---------3Public Finance & Taxes0420263 ----------3Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law 0420245

213

Real or perceived impediments to minimum pricing of alcohol in Australia: public opinion, the industry and the law.  

PubMed

A burgeoning body of empirical evidence demonstrates that increases in the price of alcohol can reduce per capita alcohol consumption and harmful drinking. Taxes on alcohol can be raised to increase prices, but this strategy can be undermined if the industry absorbs the tax increase and cross-subsidises the price of one alcoholic beverage with other products. Such loss-leading strategies are not possible with minimum pricing. We argue that a minimum (or floor) price for alcohol should be used as a complement to alcohol taxation. Several jurisdictions have already introduced minimum pricing (e.g., Canada, Ukraine) and others are currently investigating pathways to introduce a floor price (e.g., Scotland). Tasked by the Australian government to examine the public interest case for a minimum price, Australia's peak preventative health agency recommended against setting one at the present time. The agency was concerned that there was insufficient Australian specific modelling evidence to make robust estimates of the net benefits. Nonetheless, its initial judgement was that it would be difficult for a minimum price to produce benefits for Australia at the national level. Whilst modelling evidence is certainly warranted to support the introduction of the policy, the development and uptake of policy is influenced by more than just empirical evidence. This article considers three potential impediments to minimum pricing: public opinion and misunderstandings or misgivings about the operation of a minimum price; the strength of alcohol industry objections and measures to undercut the minimum price through discounts and promotions; and legal obstacles including competition and trade law. The analysis of these factors is situated in an Australian context, but has salience internationally. PMID:23773685

Chalmers, Jenny; Carragher, Natacha; Davoren, Sondra; O'Brien, Paula

2013-11-01

214

Taking the Offensive in the Struggle against Anti-Gay Abuse in Public Schools: Improving School Policies and State Laws. A Landmark Compendium of Model Policies and Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents some helpful examples of existing school policies and state laws that may spark action to help communities deal with homophobia and harassment of homosexual students. Most school districts have nondiscrimination policies of one sort or another, but these policies may not cover discrimination based on sexual harassment.…

Buckel, David S.

215

Soviet Labor Law and Principles of Civil Law. A Textbook.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The subject and system of soviet labor law; Fundamental principles of law in socialist public organization of labor; The sources of soviet labor law; Legal relationships of labor; The rights of soviet trade unions; Collective agreement; Labor ag...

K. S. Batygin

1972-01-01

216

The Public Safety Potential of Megan's Law in Massachusetts: An Assessment from a Sample of Criminal Sexual Psychopaths  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an exploratory assessment of the potential of Megan's Law to prevent subsequent sex offenses in Massachusetts. Using secondary data on 136 criminal sexual psychopaths, the authors found that 27 percent of the sample had a prior conviction that met the requirements of the Massachusetts Registry Law before their most recent sex crime. Of these 36 offenders who

Anthony J. Petrosino; Carolyn Petrosino

1999-01-01

217

1987 annual report on low-level radioactive waste management progress: Report to Congress in response to Public Law 99-240  

SciTech Connect

In response to Section 7(b) of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-240), this report summarizes the progress of states and low-level radioactive waste compacts in 1987 in establishing new low-level waste disposal facilities. It also reports the volume of low-level waste received for disposal in 1987 by commercially operated low-level waste disposal facilities.

Not Available

1988-08-01

218

11.166 / 11.496 Law, Social Movements, and Public Policy: Comparative and International Experience, Fall 2002  

E-print Network

The course introduces theoretical frameworks from legal and social movement theories as applied to court opinions, legislation, treaties, law-related articles, and policy-oriented materials and focuses on the impact of the ...

Rajagopal, Balakrishnan

219

Poverty, Productivity, and Public Health: The Effects of "Right to Work" Laws on Key Standards of Living  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On February 1, 2012, Indiana Governor Mitch Daniels signed a "right to work" (RTW) provision in the state's labor laws, making Indiana the 23rd RTW state in the nation. In addition to becoming the 23rd RTW state in the nation, Indiana is the first in more than a decade to pass a law undermining the ability of unions to organize and represent their…

Minor, Darrell

2012-01-01

220

76 FR 77584 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ACPIL): Public Meeting on Electronic Commerce The Department of State, Office...a public meeting to discuss electronic transferable records. Working Group IV (international electronic commerce) of the United Nations...

2011-12-13

221

New Tax Law Boosts School Construction with Public-Private Partnerships. The Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. 1463.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a provision in a tax bill implemented in June 2001 that allows towns and cities to build public school facilities faster, better, and less expensively by forming public-private partnerships with qualified real estate investors and developers. Private sector investors can fund construction, then lease the facilities to public

Utt, Ronald D.

222

Women, Law and Politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the comparative underrepresentation of women practicing law and holding elective public office, the pattern and pace of female entry along career paths to elective offices, and the prospects for increasing female representation in law and politics. The data are collected by state and region in five year intervals from 1955 to 1985. Law and first professional degree

Christine B. Williams

1990-01-01

223

8 CFR 245.20 - Adjustment of status of Syrian asylees under Public Law 106-378.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Law 106-378 if the alien is: (1) A Jewish national of Syria; (2) Arrived in the United States after December 31, 1991, after being permitted by the Syrian Government to depart from Syria; (3) Is physically present in the United States at...

2011-01-01

224

8 CFR 1245.20 - Adjustment of status of Syrian asylees under Public Law 106-378.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Law 106-378 if the alien is: (1) A Jewish national of Syria; (2) Arrived in the United States after December 31, 1991, after being permitted by the Syrian Government to depart from Syria; (3) Is physically present in the United States at...

2011-01-01

225

Criminal Personality Profiling and Crime Scene AssessmentA Contemporary Investigative Tool to Assist Law Enforcement Public Safety  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the justice system, there appears to be a growing demand for experts in the field of behavioral science who can help law enforcement solve bizarre and unusual cases. There are multiple factors and antecedent events that are involved in a violent crime. These factors and events include the intent, the plan, the type of criminal, the type of victim,

JOSEPH A. DAVIS

1999-01-01

226

Are Nuclear Weapons Illegal? The Role of Public International Law and the International Court of Justice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional international law contains various limitations on nuclear weapons, such as possession, testing, deployment, use or threat of use. There are a number of general principles of customary nature that could be considered as well with reference to the legality of these weapons of mass destruction. It is argued that given the current threats in the nuclear proliferation, a comprehensive

Anguel Anastassov

2010-01-01

227

MENINGITIS INFORMATION RESPONSE FORM New York State Public Health Law requires that college and university students complete and  

E-print Network

with this law. The 30 day period may be extended to 60 days if a student can show a good faith effort to comply the risks of not receiving the vaccine. I have decided that I (my child) will not obtain immunization

Suzuki, Masatsugu

228

Law without Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider a model for spacetime in which there is an ubiquitous background Dark Energy which is the Zero Point Field. This is further modeled in terms of a Weiner process that leads to a Random or Brownian characterization. Nevertheless we are able to recover meaningful physics, very much in the spirit of Wheeler's Law without Law, that is laws

B. G. Sidharth

2007-01-01

229

Publicity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Publicity for preschool cooperatives is described. Publicity helps produce financial support for preschool cooperatives. It may take the form of posters, brochures, newsletters, open house, newspaper coverage, and radio and television. Word of mouth and general good will in the community are the best avenues of publicity that a cooperative nursery…

Chisholm, Joan

230

78 FR 69172 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...ACPIL): Public Meeting on Electronic Commerce The Office of the Assistant...UNCITRAL's Working Group IV (electronic commerce), the UNCITRAL Secretariat has prepared draft provisions on electronic transferable records,...

2013-11-18

231

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America, Part XII: The Basin-Plateau Tribes (cont'd.). Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Museum of Anthropology, University of Northern Colorado at Greeley, has assembled various American Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to comprise a series of publications. The present volume, Part XII, is a continuation of the publication on Basin-Plateau Indian groups: the Ely Indian Colony and Reno-Sparks Indian Colony of…

Fay, George E., Comp.

232

Law without Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider a model for spacetime in which there is an ubiquitous background\\u000aDark Energy which is the Zero Point Field. This is further modeled in terms of\\u000aa Weiner process that leads to a Random or Brownian characterization.\\u000aNevertheless we are able to recover meaningful physics, very much in the spirit\\u000aof Wheeler's Law without Law, that is laws

B. G. Sidharth; B. M. Birla; Adarsh Nagar

2007-01-01

233

Environmental Crime: Law, Policy, Prosecution  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this exciting addition to Aspen s Elective Series, Kathleen Brickey, a leading criminal law and white collar crime specialist and author of numerous scholarly publications, offers a unique perspective on the intersection of environmental law and criminal law. Using an interdisciplinary approach, the author covers major environmental and criminal law issues in a clear, concise style that is easily

Kathleen F. Brickey

2008-01-01

234

PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, & LAW& LAW& LAW  

E-print Network

-graduate work in law, those interested in a career in public service or politics, and those attracted and Ethical Principles PHIL 140: Contemporary Moral and Social Issues PHIL 141: The Professions 345: International Law POSC 448a: The Politics of Peace -- Human Rights Politics, Law and Public

Krylov, Anna I.

235

Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is an article from The Physiologist. "If you have published an article in one of the APS research journals in the second half of 2007, you may have noticed that the time it took from acceptance of your manuscript to final publication was much shorter than in the past. That is because the Publications Department decreased that time from an average of four months to two and a half months."

2008-02-01

236

Consumer Law Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication is one of a series prepared and distributed to assist legal assistance attorneys in the delivery of legal assistance. The series cantinas summaries of law, guidance, and sample documents for handling common problems.

2000-01-01

237

Law and Marine Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Delaware Marine Studies has implemented courses in coastal zone law and policy and maritime law. The courses attempt to integrate the scientist's or engineer's work with public policy formation. The program emphasizes historical and current issues and the economic, cultural, and political forces operating in decision-making…

Bockrath, Joseph

1976-01-01

238

Law.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Describing itself as "a single, comprehensive destination for legal information, e-law services and legal products on the Web," this Website offers law students, legal professionals, business firms, and the general public news and information on the law. Lawyers will find here such items as the complete text of the latest edition of the American Lawyer with its listing of the top 100 law firms in the country. Law students can take advantage of features about schools, transferring, and recruiting, as well as links to professional associations. Businesses can find news and analysis of recent issues in business law as well as updated, annotated links to business law sites. For the public, the site offers news and analysis on prominent legal issues, such as recent Supreme Court decisions and the Wisconsin suit against the EPA over formulated gasoline. In addition, an online Real Life Dictionary of the Law gives accessible definitions to over 3,000 common legal terms. The search engine for the site draws on a surprisingly extensive archive -- for instance, we received more than 350 returns for "bankruptcy" -- making this site also a manageable resource for legal research, especially for practicing lawyers, journalists, and the general public. While this is a commercial site offering to sell law books, pamphlets, multimedia materials, and various online services, there is a considerable collection of free materials for users.

239

LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, & CULTURECULTURECULTURE  

E-print Network

LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, & CULTURECULTURECULTURE The Law, History, and Culture specific legal issues through a humanistic lens. Opportunities for Students Phi Alpha Theta: This history honor society seeks to bring students, teachers, and writers of history together for intellectual

Rohs, Remo

240

Teaching International Law: Concepts in International Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to introduce students to public international law. Topics covered include international public organizations, such as the United Nations and World Trade Organization, international courts, international human rights law, international trade law, and international environmental law. The goal of each study is to examine how…

Starbird, Caroline; Pettit, Jenny; Singleton, Laurel

2004-01-01

241

Duke Law & Technology Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Law school students are well known for trying to "do good" whether it be through aiding wrongly accused persons, or by providing legal advice at any number of free clinics. This academic and policy-oriented online publication from the people at Duke University's Law School is another such endeavor, and one that is worth a closer look. The publication's general area of interest is in the intersection of law and technology, and as such it draws on the knowledge base of specialties that include business law and intellectual property. The school's Law & Technology Review consists primarily of short issues briefs that provide insight into a wide range of issues for both the legal community and professionals working in these areas more broadly. Visitors to the site can browse the different briefs through a listing of general thematic areas or merely scroll through the site's homepage.

242

Water, law, science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

SummaryIn a world with water resources severely impacted by technology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end, this paper is an earth scientist's attempt to comprehend essential elements of water law, and to examine their connections to science. Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with a priori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science, observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while in law, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law in Europe and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago by Roman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason. Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the sea were governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that these elements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as private property. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jus gentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast, jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jus gentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in which science plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all. This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, follows their evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit of science inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving water and environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In a technological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of water law. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophical understanding of the relationships between science and law will contribute to their constructively coming together in the service of society.

Narasimhan, T. N.

2008-01-01

243

Older Americans Act Amendments of 1987: A Summary of Provisions. Public Law 100-175. An Information Paper Prepared for Use by the Special Committee on Aging. United States Senate, 100th Congress, 1st Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Older American Act Amendments of 1987 (Public Law 100-175) contain no major overhaul of the Act, but new provisions do significantly expand certain service components of the state and area agency on aging program under title III to address the special needs of certain populations, including the frail elderly living at home, residents of…

O'Shaughnessy, Carol

244

Department of Justice, Office of the Inspector General Report to Congress on Implementation of Section 1001 of the USA Patriot Act (As Required by Section 1001(3) of Public Law 107-56), February 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Section 1001 of the USA PATRIOT Act (Patriot Act), Public Law 107-56, directs the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ or Department) to undertake a series of actions related to claims of civil rights or civil liber...

2011-01-01

245

Department of Justice, Office of Inspector General Report to Congress on Implementation of Section 1001 of the USA PATRIOT Act (as Required by Section 1001(3) of Public Law 107-56), August 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Section 1001 of the USA PATRIOT Act (Patriot Act), Public Law 107-56, directs the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ or Department) to undertake a series of actions related to claims of civil rights or civil liber...

2011-01-01

246

Department of Justice Office of Inspector General Report to Congress on Implementation of Section 1001 of the USA Patriot Act (as required by Section 1001(3) of Public Law 107-56). March 2005.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Section 1001 of the USA PATRIOT Act (Patriot Act), Public Law 107-56, directs the Office of the Inspector General (OIG) in the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ or Department) to undertake a series of actions related to claims civil rights or civil libertie...

2005-01-01

247

Activities Carried Out Under the Veterans' Administration Medical School Assistance and Health Manpower Training Act of 1972 (Public Law 92-541), An Annual Report Prepared by the Veterans' Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third annual report (fiscal year 1979) of the activities carried out under the Veterans' Administration Medical School Assistance and Health Manpower Training Act of 1972 (Public Law 92-541) is presented. Under this special authority grants have been made to assist in the establishment of new state medical schools, to existing medical schools,…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Veterans' Affairs.

248

ECOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF PROPOSED DISCHARGE OF DREDGED MATERIAL INTO OCEAN WATERS; IMPLEMENTATION MANUAL FOR SECTION 103 OF PUBLIC LAW 92-532 (MARINE PROTECTION, RESEARCH, AND SANCTUARIES ACT OF 1972)  

EPA Science Inventory

According to Section 103 of Public Law 92-532 (Marine Protection ,Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972), any proposed dumping of dredged material into ocean waters must be evaluated through the use of criteria published by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i n the Federa...

249

"An Analysis of the "Special Health Revenue Sharing Act of 1975" Public Law 94-63 As A Policy and It's Implications for Mexican American Unity Council's Child Mental Health Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

San Antonio's Child Mental Health Program (CMHP) became ineligible for direct funding following enactment of Public Law 94-63, but was able to propose a viable plan for program survival. The CMHP, established by the Mexican American Unity Council (MAUC) in 1972, provides comprehensive child mental health services within a community setting and…

Bueno, Domingo

250

Criminal Law Reckless Endangerment and Coercion Union Officials May be Liable to Criminal Prosecution in Strike of Essential Public Employees. People v. Vizzini, 78 Misc. 2d 1040, 359 N.Y.S.2d 143 (Sup. Ct. 1974)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Defendants, officers of the Uniformed Firefighters Association (UFA), were charged with reckless endangerment in the second degree, attempted coercion, reckless endangerment of property, and related crimes. The basis of these charges was the five and one-half hour New York City fireman's strike called by defendants despite express Taylor Law prohibitions against strikes by public employees. Defendants moved to dismiss the

James Clark Quinn

1975-01-01

251

Water, law, science  

SciTech Connect

In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

Narasimhan, T.N.

2007-10-17

252

Law & Politics Internet guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This metasite of law and political resources is designed for legal professionals, academics, and the general public. About two dozen lists of annotated links cover topics such as Legal Portals, Legal Resources, Foreign & International Law, and Legal Research. Equipped with language translation software (which works well on some pages but seems to cause graphics problems on other pages), the site is well designed and easy to use.

1997-01-01

253

Gas Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students study gas laws at a molecular level. They vary the volume of a container at constant temperature to see how pressure changes (Boyle's Law), change the temperature of a container at constant pressure to see how the volume changes with temperature (Charlesâs Law), and experiment with heating a gas in a closed container to discover how pressure changes with temperature (Gay Lussac's Law). They also discover the relationship between the number of gas molecules and gas volume (Avogadro's Law). Finally, students use their knowledge of gas laws to model a heated soda can collapsing as it is plunged into ice water.

Consortium, The C.

2011-12-11

254

Sexuality and Australian law.  

PubMed

The author describes the changing legal environment concerning same-sex relationships in the common law world with special reference to Australia. He refers to shifts in public opinion recorded in opinion polls; important decisions of human rights courts and tribunals; and changes in national law and court decisions. He then reviews the Australian constitutional setting which divides lawmaking responsibility on such subjects between the federal, State and Territory legislatures. He describes initiatives adopted in the States and Territories and the more modest changes effected in federal law and practice. He concludes on a note of optimism concerning Australia's future reforms affecting discrimination on the grounds of sexuality. PMID:15814500

Kirby, Michael

2005-01-01

255

Helmet Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... universal motorcycle helmet laws to qualify for certain highway safety funds. By 1975, all but three had ... here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office . State Motorcyclists Bicyclists Universal Helmet Law ( ...

256

Radiation Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site lists physical laws that describe radiation. Topics covered include the Plank Radiation Law, and the Wien and Stefan-Boltzmann Laws. The site also features a table summarizing the blackbody temperatures necessary to give a peak for emitted radiation in various regions of the spectrum, and three Java applets illustrating important properties of blackbody radiation.

Astronomy, Department O.; Knoxville, University O.

257

Community energy systems and the law of public utilities. Volume thirty-eight. Oklahoma. Final report of a study of the impacts of regulations affecting the acceptance of integrated community energy systems  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Oklahoma governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities, Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One: An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

258

Darwin's laws.  

PubMed

There is widespread agreement among contemporary philosophers of biology and philosophically-minded biologists that Darwin's insights about the intrusion of chance processes into biological regularities undermines the possibility of there being biological laws. Darwin made references to "designed laws." He also freely described some laws as having exceptions. This paper provides a philosophical analysis of the notion of scientific laws that was dominant in Darwin's time, and in all probability the one which he inherited. The analysis of laws is then used to show how it could have been natural for Darwin to believe in designed laws that had exceptions, and to highlight the continuity between the metaphysics of pre-Darwinian, Darwinian, and contemporary biological science. One important result is the removal of one motivation for the anti-laws sentiment in philosophy and biology. PMID:22326096

Haufe, Chris

2012-03-01

259

State and Local Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

Justice, U. S.

260

22 CFR 231.16 - Governing law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-04-01 false Governing law. 231.16 Section 231.16 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT LOAN GUARANTEES ISSUED UNDER THE EMERGENCY WARTIME SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT OF 2003, PUBLIC LAW...

2010-04-01

261

12 CFR 609.910 - Compliance with the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (Public Law 106-229...  

...maintained in electronic rather than paper form. It governs transactions...rental agreement for, a person's primary residence. These notices require paper notification. The law also requires paper notification to cancel or...

2014-01-01

262

12 CFR 609.910 - Compliance with the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (Public Law 106-229...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...maintained in electronic rather than paper form. It governs transactions...rental agreement for, a person's primary residence. These notices require paper notification. The law also requires paper notification to cancel or...

2012-01-01

263

12 CFR 609.910 - Compliance with the Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act (Public Law 106-229...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...maintained in electronic rather than paper form. It governs transactions...rental agreement for, a person's primary residence. These notices require paper notification. The law also requires paper notification to cancel or...

2013-01-01

264

The Coming of Secret Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces trends in the federal government's policy toward publication of statutes and publication practices from the time of the colonies to the present administration. The impairment of the publication of federal administrative law is then discussed in the context of the rise of a national security state. (118 notes with references) (CLB)

Relyea, Harold C.

1988-01-01

265

43 CFR 2462.4 - Segregative effect of publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...560 Acres § 2462.4 Segregative effect of publication. (a) Publication...the public land laws, including the mining laws except the form or forms...mining laws. (b) The segregative effect of a proposed classification...

2012-10-01

266

43 CFR 2462.4 - Segregative effect of publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...560 Acres § 2462.4 Segregative effect of publication. (a) Publication...the public land laws, including the mining laws except the form or forms...mining laws. (b) The segregative effect of a proposed classification...

2011-10-01

267

43 CFR 2462.4 - Segregative effect of publication.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...560 Acres § 2462.4 Segregative effect of publication. (a) Publication...the public land laws, including the mining laws except the form or forms...mining laws. (b) The segregative effect of a proposed classification...

2013-10-01

268

42 CFR 62.76 - How will amounts of money due under the option under section 204(c)(1) of Public Law 100-177 be...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...76 Section 62.76 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE CORPS SCHOLARSHIP AND LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAMS Special Repayment Program §...

2012-10-01

269

42 CFR 62.76 - How will amounts of money due under the option under section 204(c)(1) of Public Law 100-177 be...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...76 Section 62.76 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE CORPS SCHOLARSHIP AND LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAMS Special Repayment Program §...

2013-10-01

270

Consumer Law Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication is one of a series prepared and distributed by the Legal Assistance Branch of the Administrative and Civil Law Department of The Judge Advocate General's School, U.S. Army (TJAGSA) to assist legal assistance attorneys in the delivery of l...

1998-01-01

271

Consumer Law Guide.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This publication is one of a series prepared and distributed by the Legal Assistance Branch of the Administrative and Civil Law Department of The Judge Advocate Generals School, U.S. Army (TJAGSA) to assist legal assistance attorneys in the delivery of le...

1999-01-01

272

Students and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication consists of 29 articles that were published between April 1974 and June 1977 in the "Students and the Law" column of the National Association of Secondary School Principals' magazine, the "Student Advocate." In editing the articles, an attempt has been made to eliminate or update any suggestions or conclusions that may have been…

Gluckman, Ivan B.

273

Environmental Law II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are papers delivered at a 1976 Colorado environmental law conference. Included in the publication are the conference schedule, the text of nine papers, background information on authors, and bibliography listings for each paper. Titles and topics of the papers are the following: (1) Water Resources Development and the Environment…

Continuing Legal Education in Colorado, Inc., Denver.

274

The Compatibility Dialectic: Mediating the Legitimate Coexistence of Islamic Law and State Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Islamic Law is not now and cannot be the state law of any state, whether Muslims are the majority or minority of the population. This view does not dispute the religious authority of Islamic Law for Muslims, which exists only outside the framework of the state. Still, some principles of Islamic Law should be relevant to the public discourse, provided

Abdullahi Ahmed An-Nacim

2010-01-01

275

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page provides a lesson plan for middle or high school students studying Newton's laws and its corollaries. The page provides, foremost, a series of activities for students to perform, as well as basic descriptions of the laws behind the activities.

Hatch, Robert

2005-01-04

276

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The New Jersey law permitting a period of silence in schools was struck down by a federal court judge who held that the law was intended to circumvent the proscription against government entanglement in religion. The New York Supreme Court has upheld the competency test for obtaining high school diplomas. (MLF)

Splitt, David A.

1984-01-01

277

Employment Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ross Runkel is a retired professor of law, and given his long experience with employment and labor law, it seems quite natural that he would be the founder of the site, Employment Law. Along with a team of other equally qualified professionals, he has created this site to serve as a clearinghouse of material about the world of employment law and its many facets. First time visitors may wish to check out his employment law or arbitration blogs, then move on to one of the most popular features, a list of recent and pending cases in the field that have been heard before the US Supreme Court. Additionally, the âÂÂArticlesâ area contains pieces authored by Runkel and others, including a piece on how to find an employment lawyer and several timely pieces on the National Labor Relations Board.

Runkel, Ross, 1939-

278

Policing hate crime in London and New York City: Some reflections on the factors influencing effective law enforcement, service provision and public trust and confidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discussion contained within this article is derived from empirical research that explored the policing of hate crime in London and New York City. Through an examination of a range of policies, practices and experiences of those involved in the policing of hate crime, the article argues that this aspect of law enforcement and service provision is shaped by a

Nathan Hall

2012-01-01

279

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of Indian Tribes of North America. Part I: The Sioux Tribes of South Dakota. Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To facilitate the study and understanding of present-day Indian tribal organization and governmental procedures, the Museum of Anthropology of the University of Northern Colorado (formerly known as Colorado State College) has assembled a large number of Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to be reproduced as a series of…

Fay, George E., Comp.

280

7 CFR 1950.103 - Borrower owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Law 103-354 loans which are secured by chattels. 1950.103 Section 1950.103 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...Accounts of Borrowers Entering the Armed Forces § 1950.103 Borrower owing FmHA or its successor...

2012-01-01

281

7 CFR 1950.103 - Borrower owing FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans which are secured by...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Law 103-354 loans which are secured by chattels. 1950.103 Section 1950.103 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...Accounts of Borrowers Entering the Armed Forces § 1950.103 Borrower owing FmHA or its successor...

2011-01-01

282

Protection for Pre-1972 Sound Recordings under State Law and Its Impact on Use by Nonprofit Institutions: A 10-State Analysis. CLIR Publication No. 146  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third of three studies of copyright and sound recordings commissioned by the National Recording Preservation Board (NRPB) in support of the congressionally mandated study of the state of audio preservation in the United States. All three studies have focused on how laws pertaining to sound recordings made before 1972 affect…

Council on Library and Information Resources, 2009

2009-01-01

283

Law Courses Coventry Law School  

E-print Network

taught LLMs in International Business Law and International Law are very popular attracting students from on any of the courses featured here, please visit the Coventry University website (www 28 FAQ's 29 Undergraduate Student Support at Coventry University 30 Postgraduate Student Support

Low, Robert

284

The gap between law and ethics in human embryonic stem cell research: Overcoming the effect of U.S. Federal policy on research advances and public benefit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key ethical issues arise in association with the conduct of stem cell research by research institutions in the United States.\\u000a These ethical issues, summarized in detail, receive no adequate translation into federal laws or regulations, also described\\u000a in this article. U.S. Federal policy takes a passive approach to these ethical issues, translating them simply into limitations\\u000a on taxpayer funding, and

Patrick L. Taylor

2005-01-01

285

7 CFR 247.14 - Other public assistance programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Other public assistance programs. (a) What information on other public assistance...7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.). (b) What information on other public assistance...local laws, including laws relating to taxation and public assistance...

2011-01-01

286

7 CFR 247.14 - Other public assistance programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Other public assistance programs. (a) What information on other public assistance...7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.). (b) What information on other public assistance...local laws, including laws relating to taxation and public assistance...

2012-01-01

287

7 CFR 247.14 - Other public assistance programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Other public assistance programs. (a) What information on other public assistance...7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.). (b) What information on other public assistance...local laws, including laws relating to taxation and public assistance...

2010-01-01

288

7 CFR 247.14 - Other public assistance programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Other public assistance programs. (a) What information on other public assistance...7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.). (b) What information on other public assistance...local laws, including laws relating to taxation and public assistance...

2013-01-01

289

7 CFR 247.14 - Other public assistance programs.  

...Other public assistance programs. (a) What information on other public assistance...U.S.C. 2011 et seq. ). (b) What information on other public assistance...local laws, including laws relating to taxation and public assistance...

2014-01-01

290

New publication on female genital mutilation. Interviews with Nahid Toubia and Anika Rahman, co-authors of Female Genital Mutilation: a Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide.  

PubMed

Female circumcision/female genital mutilation (FC/FGM) is the collective name given to several different traditional practices that involve the cutting of female genitals. The WHO has grouped them in four categories: type 1: Clitoridectomy; type 2: Excision; type 3: Infibulation; and type 4: Unclassified. Reports indicate that an estimated 130 million girls and women have undergone FC/FGM and that it is practiced in 28 countries in the sub-Saharan and northeastern regions of Africa. As part of the growing movement to stop this human rights violation, numerous UN bodies and nongovernmental organizations such as the Center for Reproductive Law and Policy (CRLP) and RAINBO work together to monitor government responses. Presented in a questionnaire form, two authors Anika Rahman, CRLP's International Program Director, and Nahid Toubia, Director of RAINBO, discuss their recent book collaboration, "Female Genital Mutilation: A Guide to Laws and Policies Worldwide". The issues covered in the interview include the purpose of the book, reasons why FC/FGM is considered a human rights violation rather than a threat to women's health, role of international agencies in the eradication of the practice, and the effects of formal laws and policies in eliminating FC/FGM. PMID:12296161

Grossman, S

2000-09-01

291

Guass's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A Keynote Presentation exported as a clickable Quicktime movie. Gauss's Law is demonstrated in this presentation. Utilizing an insulated sphere enclosed in a spherical conducting shell. All equations are fully developed.

Dimauro, Mr. T.

2009-01-12

292

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This set of four educational wall-sheets includes Newton's Three Laws and the Law of Gravitation. They include activities that are designed to be displayed as a set on classroom walls. The pre-activity reading featuring the Swift satellite and most activities can be used in middle-school classrooms. Optional extension activities are suitable for advanced middle-school students and students in ninth grade.

Cominsky, Lynn

2010-01-01

293

7 CFR 1945.31 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment Teams (ELAT).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment Teams (ELAT). 1945.31 Section 1945.31 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.31 FmHA or its successor agency under Public...

2012-01-01

294

7 CFR 1945.31 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment Teams (ELAT).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment Teams (ELAT). 1945.31 Section 1945.31 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.31 FmHA or its successor agency under Public...

2011-01-01

295

7 CFR 1945.30 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support Teams (ELST).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...103-354 Emergency Loan Support Teams (ELST). 1945.30 Section 1945.30 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.30 FmHA or its successor agency under Public...

2011-01-01

296

7 CFR 1945.30 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support Teams (ELST).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...103-354 Emergency Loan Support Teams (ELST). 1945.30 Section 1945.30 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.30 FmHA or its successor agency under Public...

2012-01-01

297

7 CFR 1945.31 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment Teams (ELAT).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment Teams (ELAT). 1945.31 Section 1945.31 Agriculture Regulations of the Department...CONTINUED) EMERGENCY Disaster Assistance-General § 1945.31 FmHA or its successor agency under Public...

2010-01-01

298

**TITLE** ASP Conference Series, Vol. **VOLUME***, **YEAR OF PUBLICATION** **NAMES OF EDITORS** Using Globular Clusters to Test Newtons Law of Gravity  

E-print Network

Abstract. New measurements of the velocity dispersion of the globular cluster ? Centauri allow to trace its gravitational potential down to an acceleration of 8 × 10 ?9 cm s ?2. It is found that the dispersion profile remains flat well inside the tidal radius as soon as the acceleration of gravity approaches a0, a result that finds its simplest explanation within the contest of MOND. A similar behavior is observed in the globular cluster M15 showing this is not a peculiar features of ? Centauri. This result is surprising and suggestive of a failure of Newton’s law at low accelerations.

Riccardo Scarpa; Gianni Marconi; Roberto Gilmozzi

2003-01-01

299

Military Law Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress' Research Center of Military Legal Resources contains, among other publications, the Military Law Review. The Military Law Review has been published quarterly since 1958, and is meant to be used by military attorneys in their work and "'provides a forum for those interested in military law to share the products of their experience and research.'" Visitors should also note that most of the issues from 1958 to 2008 are available for general perusal. Each issue of the journal contains both articles and book reviews. An article in the Winter 2008 issue, entitled "Crossing the Line: Reconciling the Right to Picket Military Funerals With the First Amendment", is a very accessible article about the constitutionality of state and federal funeral picketing laws. Visitors interested in learning about the school that provides military legal education, and where the Military Law Review is published, should click on the link "The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center & School (JAGS), U.S. Army, Charlottesville, Virginia", in the first paragraph on the homepage

300

Boyle's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive presentation, created by Terry Bartelt and hosted by the Electromechanical Digital Library, discusses the history and theory of Boyle's Law. The presentation offers two different variations of the concept. The first involves "a change in pressure exerted on a given quantity of gas causing an inverse effect on its volume." The second simply flips this first variation and shows how the change in quantity affects the pressure. The presentation is filled with helpful, and interactive, flash animations. This is not only aesthetically pleasing, but also helps the student engage with the topic. Once both variations are complete, a short quiz is provided to test the full understanding of Boyle's Law.

Bartelt, Terry L.

2009-04-16

301

Charles's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive presentation, created by Terry Bartelt and hosted by the Electromechanical Digital Library, discusses the history and theory of Charles's Law, which states, "the volume of a given quantity of gas varies directly with its temperature." A series of interactive flash animations show the application of this theory and demonstrate how different heating elements, such as candles and even the Sun, affect the molecules in common things such as balloons and thermometers. Mathematical equations are provided to demonstrate the calculations. Once the presentation is complete, a short quiz is provided to test the full understanding of the Charles's Law.

Bartelt, Terry L.

2009-04-17

302

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Physics Classroom presents this tutorial on Newton's three laws of motion. The impulse-momentum change theorem and the law of conservation of momentum are introduced, explained and applied to the analysis of collisions of objects. Both exercises provide an activity and then an assessment exercise in order for students to check their understanding of the concept(s). Some of the key topics included here are: mass, motion, force (applied, gravity, normal, friction, air resistance, tensional, and spring), inertia, and terminal velocity. The tutorial is geared toward high school students, but it is also great review material for college physics students or anyone needing a refresher course in vectors.

2007-11-02

303

Public School Principals' Experiences with Interpreting and Implementing Connecticut's Anti-Bullying Law (Connecticut General Statute Section 10-222d): A Statewide Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In June 2002, the State of Connecticut General Assembly (CGA) passed Public Act 02-119, An Act Concerning Bullying Behavior in Schools and Concerning the Pledge of Allegiance. Section 1 mandated that each local and regional board of education (school district) develop a policy to address bullying in its schools. Conn. Gen. Statute…

LaRocco, Diana J.; Nestler-Rusack, Donna; Freiberg, Jo Ann

2007-01-01

304

National Energy Policy Plan; A Report to Congress Required by Title VIII of the Department of Energy Organization Act (Public Law 95-91)  

SciTech Connect

This plan report is divided into the following chapters: the course ahead, currently predominant fuels (oil, gas), America's energy triad, sources of diversity and long-term supply, sources of uncertainty, summary of current projections, and public comments on the nation's policy toward energy. (DLC)

Not Available

1985-01-01

305

A Model To Avoid: Arizona's Tuition Tax Credit Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, Arizona enacted a tuition tax credit law. Supporters consider this law a model for improving public education. Opponents believe it is a model for seriously undermining public education, particularly public schools serving poor children. The two types of tax credits Arizona offers are a private tuition tax credit and tax credit for public

Pathak, Arohi; Holmes, Dwight; Mincberg, Elliot; Neas, Ralph G.

306

"The law was actually drafted by us but the Government is to be congratulated on its wise actions": British American Tobacco and public policy in Kenya  

PubMed Central

Background and objective British American Tobacco (BAT) has historically enjoyed a monopoly position in Kenya. Analysis of recent tobacco control debates and a case study of BAT's response to the emergence of competition in Kenya are used to explore the company's ability to shape public policy and its treatment of tobacco farmers. Design Analysis of internal industry documents from BAT's Guildford depository, other relevant data and interviews with key informants. Results BAT enjoys extensive high?level political connections in Kenya, including close relationships with successive Kenyan presidents. Such links seems to have been used to influence public policy. Health legislation has been diluted and delayed, and when a competitor emerged in the market, BAT used its contacts to have the government pass legislation drafted by BAT that compelled farmers to sell tobacco to BAT rather than to its competitor. BAT was already paying farmers less than any other African leaf?growing company, and the legislation entrenched poor pay and a quasi?feudal relationship. BAT's public relation's response to the threat of competition and the ministers' public statements extolling the economic importance of tobacco growing suggest that BAT has manipulated tobacco farming as a political issue. Conclusions The extent of BAT's influence over public policy is consistent with the observations that, despite ratifying the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, progress in implementing tobacco control measures in Kenya has been limited. The benefits of tobacco farming seem to be deliberately exaggerated, and an analysis of its true cost benefits is urgently needed. Tobacco farmers must be protected against BAT's predatory practices and fully informed about its activities to help them have an informed role in policy debates. As image, particularly around the importance of tobacco farming, seems key to BAT's ability to influence policy, the truth about its treatment of farmers must be publicised. PMID:17297056

Patel, Preeti; Collin, Jeff; Gilmore, Anna B

2007-01-01

307

Biodiversity laws: State experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Western Governors' Association (WGA) includes both the public lands states with their issues and the plains states, which are 98% privately owned. WGA deals with most legislation affecting biodiversity, whether the effect is direct or tangential. It will probably not be possible, or desirable, for one entity to be in charge of biodiversity conservation. The Endangered Species Act, public lands laws, agricultural laws, water law, environmental laws, and funding legislation all affect biodiversity conservation and the responsibility for it. None of them on their own are enough, and most can cause harmful unintended consequences for biodiversity. The experience of western states in developing consensus principles for reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act provides an example of common-sense ways to improve management of biodiversity, notwithstanding the complexity and large stakes involved. The WGA's proposed changes call for increasing the role of states, streamlining the act, and increasing certainty for landowners and water users. To achieve sustainable conservation for biodiversity, the better question is not “Who is/should be in charge?”, it is “How do we get this done?” To answer this, we need goals, guidance, and bottom lines from federal laws, and management and oversight at the state level, but they all need to support local on-the-ground partnerships. Sustainable conservation requires the active participation of those who live there. WGA's experience in coordinating the Great Plains Partnership as well as its work with watershed efforts shed light on what to expect. Multilevel partnerships are not easy and require a different way of doing business. The ad hoc, sitespecific processes that result do not lend themselves to being legislated, fit into organizational boxes, or scored on a budget sheet. They do require common sense and a longterm perspective.

Clark, Jo

1996-11-01

308

Faraday's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Light a light bulb by waving a magnet. This simulation of a Faraday's Law is from the Physics Education Technology website of University of Colorado. It is accessible for teachers and students alike. Included are links to related topics and additional ideas and activities for teachers to use.

2008-11-05

309

World Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This consultant paper is intended to provide information useful to a goal of this curriculum development project in the war/peace field, that is to encourage students to search intelligently for alternatives to war. The most fundamental assumptions used in thinking about international law are described, including some assumptions about systemic…

Marvin, David

310

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United States Supreme Court upheld a California state law requiring employers to allow a pregnant woman up to four months of unpaid maternity leave if she claims pregnancy as a disability. A bill before Congress addresses parental leave and job protection for parents caring for a new baby or a sick child. (MLH)

Splitt, David A.

1987-01-01

311

The Education of Children and Youth with Special Needs: What Do the Laws Say?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This newsletter issue focuses on the educational and civil rights of children and youth with disabilities, through the age of 21. The primary focus is on the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (Public Law 94-142), its subsequent amendments (Public Law 98-199 and Public Law 99-457). In October, 1990, this law was amended by the Individuals…

Horne, Richard

1991-01-01

312

New population law for Mexico.  

PubMed

A bill of additions and reforms to Mexico's General Law on Population, which established a legal framework for planned parenthood programs as part of a general development policy, set guidelines for the protection of human rights in public and private programs, and dealt with migration, immigration, emigration, and repatriation, was announced initially by Mexican President Luis Echeverria as one step toward reducing Mexico's 3.5% annual rate of growth. The legislation became law on January 7, 1974. PMID:12276788

1974-02-01

313

National Energy Policy Plan; A Report to the Congress Required by Title VIII of the Department of Energy Organization Act (Public Law 95-91)  

SciTech Connect

Since the third National Energy Plan in 1981 total energy efficiency has increased, domestic energy resources are being developed more effectively, oil prices have declined, US dependence on foreign energy sources has diminished, and the nation's vulnerability to energy supply disruptions has been reduced markedly. The policy goal is an adequate supply of energy at reasonable costs. Strategies include minimizing federal control and involvement in energy markets while maintaining public health and safety and environmental quality and promoting a balanced and mixed energy resource system. Federal programs and actions in energy are reviewed.

Not Available

1983-10-01

314

43 CFR 2361.0-7 - Effect of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Effect of law. 2361.0-7 Section...in Alaska § 2361.0-7 Effect of law. (a) Subject...public land laws, including the mining and mineral leasing laws, and...shall remain in full force and effect to the extent not...

2013-10-01

315

43 CFR 2361.0-7 - Effect of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Effect of law. 2361.0-7 Section...in Alaska § 2361.0-7 Effect of law. (a) Subject...public land laws, including the mining and mineral leasing laws, and...shall remain in full force and effect to the extent not...

2011-10-01

316

43 CFR 2361.0-7 - Effect of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Effect of law. 2361.0-7 Section...in Alaska § 2361.0-7 Effect of law. (a) Subject...public land laws, including the mining and mineral leasing laws, and...shall remain in full force and effect to the extent not...

2012-10-01

317

Biodiversity Law of Costa Rica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This newly online document details the legal technicalities of Costa Rica's Biodiversity Law, made public in July 1999. The document (.pdf format) contains the following sections, among others: Natural System of Conservation Areas; Guarantees of Environmental Safety; Conservation and Sustainable Use of Ecosystems and Species; Access to Genetic Components and Biochemicals and Protection of Associated Knowledge; Education and Public Awareness; Environmental Impact Assessments; Incentives; and Procedures, Processes, and Agreements. For those interested in conservation law or the intricacies of biological diversity protection in developing countries, this document will be of great interest.

318

Biotech Law Web Server  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Biotech Law home page offers legal and scientific information of interest to researchers in biotechnology/pharmaceutical science. At this time, the site provides basic articles on methods of record keeping for inventors, an explanation of the U.S. legal standard for inventorship and an overview of patent application preparation. The Biotech law home page also includes more advanced articles on intellectual property licensing, parallel importing of patented products, and the effects of electronic publication on U.S. Patent rights. In addition to a "heads up" guide to recently-issued U.S. biotech patents, the home page provides links to additional sources of information on intellectual property protection, as well as links to selected scientific resources on Internet.

Foley & Lardner.

1996-01-01

319

Appendix L Patent Laws CONSOLIDATED PATENT LAWS  

E-print Network

Appendix L Patent Laws __________________________________________________________________ CONSOLIDATED PATENT LAWS United States Code Title 35 - Patents Editor's Note (January 2007): The Patent Laws repro duced below supersede those reproduced in the last revision of the Manual of Patent Examining

Luryi, Serge

320

Bragg's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It may be beneficial to have students perform the Wave Interference activity prior to engaging them in this activity. The following handouts are identical, with the exception that one is in Word format, while the other is in PDF format. The students should perform the exercise in a computer laboratory. Before proceeding through the questions, they should be given an opportunity to review the material on this web page. Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet (Acrobat (PDF) 73kB Mar2 10) Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet for Word (Microsoft Word 37kB Feb25 10) The following Powerpoint presentation can be used as an introduction to Bragg's Law. Bragg\\'s Law Powerpoint Presentation (PowerPoint 974kB Feb25 10) Wave Interference Activity Prior to investigating Bragg's law through this activity, it may be helpful to explore interference of sinusoidal waveforms by following the link below. Wave Interference Activity Bragg's Law Applet Java Applet created by Konstantin Lukin with supervision by Glenn A. Richard, Project Java Webmaster Original Bragg's Law Applet page on Mineral Physics Institute web server at Stony Brook University: Project Java - Bragg's Law and Diffraction: How waves reveal the atomic structure of crystals Bragg's Law refers to the simple equation: nà = 2d sinà derived by the English physicists Sir W.H. Bragg and his son Sir W.L. Bragg in 1913 to explain why the cleavage faces of crystals appear to reflect X-ray beams at certain angles of incidence (Ã, Ã). The variable d is the distance between atomic layers in a crystal, and the variable lambda is the wavelength of the incident X-ray beam (see applet); n is an integer. This observation is an example of X-ray wave interference (Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen), commonly known as X-ray diffraction (XRD), and was direct evidence for the periodic atomic structure of crystals postulated for several centuries. The Braggs were awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1915 for their work in determining crystal structures beginning with NaCl, ZnS and diamond. Although Bragg's law was used to explain the interference pattern of X-rays scattered by crystals, diffraction has been developed to study the structure of all states of matter with any beam, e.g., ions, electrons, neutrons, and protons, with a wavelength similar to the distance between the atomic or molecular structures of interest. How to Use this Applet The applet shows two rays incident on two atomic layers of a crystal, e.g., atoms, ions, and molecules, separated by the distance d. The layers look like rows because the layers are projected onto two dimensions and your view is parallel to the layers. The applet begins with the scattered rays in phase and interferring constructively. Bragg's Law is satisfied and diffraction is occurring. The meter indicates how well the phases of the two rays match. The small light on the meter is green when Bragg's equation is satisfied and red when it is not satisfied. The meter can be observed while the three variables in Bragg's are changed by clicking on the scroll-bar arrows and by typing the values in the boxes. The d and à variables can be changed by dragging on the arrows provided on the crystal layers and scattered beam, respectively. Bragg's Law Applet with details meter activated, but no constructive interference. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are not aligned. Bragg's Law Applet with constructive interference and n = 2. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are aligned. Deriving Bragg's Law by Paul Schields Bragg's Law can easily be derived by considering the conditions necessary to make the phases of the beams coincide when the incident angle equals and reflecting angle. The rays of the incident beam are always in phase and parallel up to the point at which the top beam strikes the top layer at atom z (Fig. 1). The second beam continues to the next layer where it is scattered by atom B. The second beam must travel the extra distance AB + BC if the two beams are to continue traveling adjacent and parallel. This extra distance must be an integral (n) multiple of the wavelength (Ã) for the phases of the two beams to be the same: nà = AB +BC (2). Fig. 1 Deriving Bragg's Law using the reflection geometry and applying trigonometry. The lower beam must travel the extra distance (AB + BC) to continue traveling parallel and adjacent to the top beam. Recognizing d as the hypotenuse of the right triangle Abz, we can use trigonometry to relate d and à to the distance (AB + BC). The distance AB is opposite à so, AB = d sinÃ(3). Because AB = BC eq. (2) becomes, nà = 2AB (4) Substituting eq. (3) in eq. (4) we have, nà = 2 d sinÃ, (1) and Bragg's Law has been derived. The location of the surface does not change the derivation of Bragg's Law. Experimental Diffraction Patterns The following figures show experimental x-ray diffraction patterns of cubic SiC using synchrotron radiation. Detail from previous image Players in the Discovery of X-ray Diffraction Friedrich and Knipping first observed Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen in 1912 after a hint from their research advisor, Max von Laue, at the University of Munich. Bragg's Law greatly simplified von Laue's description of X-ray interference. The Braggs used crystals in the reflection geometry to analyze the intensity and wavelengths of X-rays (spectra) generated by different materials. Their apparatus for characterizing X-ray spectra was the Bragg spectrometer. Laue knew that X-rays had wavelengths on the order of 1 Ã. After learning that Paul Ewald's optical theories had approximated the distance between atoms in a crystal by the same length, Laue postulated that X-rays would diffract, by analogy to the diffraction of light from small periodic scratches drawn on a solid surface (an optical diffraction grating). In 1918 Ewald constructed a theory, in a form similar to his optical theory, quantitatively explaining the fundamental physical interactions associated with XRD. Elements of Ewald's eloquent theory continue to be useful for many applications in physics. Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus in the Mineral Physics Institute High Pressure Laboratory at Stony Brook University Do We Have Diamonds? If we perform a high pressure experiment in a press, such as the Kennedy-Walker split cylinder apparatus, to convert graphite into diamonds, we can use X-ray diffraction techniques to determine whether we achieved the intended result. The carbon atoms in graphite are arranged into planes that are separated by d-spacings of 3.35Ã. If we use X-rays with a wavelength (Ã) of 1.54Ã, and we have diamonds in the material we are testing, we will find peaks on our X-ray pattern at à values that correspond to each of the d-spacings that characterize diamond. These d-spacings are 1.075Ã, 1.261Ã, and 2.06Ã. To discover where to expect peaks if diamond, graphite, or both are present, you can set à to 1.54à in the applet, and set distance to one of the d-spacings. Then start with à at 6 degrees, and vary it until you find a Bragg's condition. Do the same with each of the remaining d-spacings. Remember that in the applet, you are varying Ã, while on the X-ray pattern printout, the angles are given as 2Ã. Consequently, when the applet indicates a Bragg's condition at a particular angle, you must multiply that angle by 2 to locate the angle on the X-ray pattern printout where you would expect a peak. First stage anvils in the Kennedy Walker split cylinder apparatus

Richard, Glenn

321

The Constitutionality of Kansas Laws Targeting Sex Offenders  

E-print Network

Kansas, like many States, has enacted various laws in the past several years responding to concerns about sex offenders and public safety. Most prominent are state laws that substantially increase the criminal punishment for sex offenses, the so...

McAllister, Stephen R.

1997-01-01

322

Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

Justice, U. S.

323

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS § 422.3...

2014-10-01

324

State Medical Marijuana Laws: Understanding the Laws and their Limitations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Since the 1970s, numerous states have had medical marijuana laws. However, public policy makers, activists and the media have given significant attention to the debate regarding allowances for medical marijuana use since the 1996 California and Arizona ballot initiatives. Much of this on-going debate stems from confusion about the various ways states approach the issue. In this paper, we

Rosalie Liccardo Pacula; Jamie F. Chriqui; Deborah A. Reichmann; Yvonne M. Terry-McElrath

325

State Highway Safety Laws  

MedlinePLUS

State Highway Safety Laws & Funding State Laws Each state and U.S. territory has enacted laws governing various driver behaviors, ... page contains charts for a specific type of highway safety law, listing the provisions for all U.S. ...

326

International law and communicable diseases.  

PubMed Central

Historically, international law has played a key role in global communicable disease surveillance. Throughout the nineteenth century, international law played a dominant role in harmonizing the inconsistent national quarantine regulations of European nation-states; facilitating the exchange of epidemiological information on infectious diseases; establishing international health organizations; and standardization of surveillance. Today, communicable diseases have continued to re-shape the boundaries of global health governance through legally binding and "soft-law" regimes negotiated and adopted within the mandate of multilateral institutions - the World Health Organization, the World Trade Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization, and the Office International des Epizooties. The globalization of public health has employed international law as an indispensable tool in global health governance aimed at diminishing human vulnerability to the mortality and morbidity burdens of communicable diseases. PMID:12571722

Aginam, Obijiofor

2002-01-01

327

Career Development for Law Enforcement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The publication reports the findings of the first year of an ongoing study of career development systems in law enforcement. It focuses on the need to develop four capabilities: identification of organizational needs, identification of individual attributes and interests, reconciliation of the needs of the organization with the needs of available…

Los Angeles County Sheriff's Dept., CA.

328

School Law in Review, 2003.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a compilation of presentations delivered at the National School Boards Association Council of School Attorneys' Annual School Law Seminar: "From Vouchers to One Nation Under God: A Review of Recent Decisions Affecting the Separation of Church and State in the Context of Public Education" (Jay Worona); "ACLJ Memorandum: Religion in the…

Soronen, Lisa, Ed.

329

School Law in Review, 2001.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a compilation of the presentations delivered at the National School Boards Association (NSBA) Council of School Attorneys Annual School Law Seminar on March 22-24, 2001, in San Diego, California. Presentations include: (1) "Religion and the Public Schools--What Hath the Supreme Court Wrought?" (Jay Worona and Patricia H. Gould); (2)…

National School Boards Association, Alexandria, VA. Council of School Attorneys.

330

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Courts generally rule against drug testing of public employees. A urine sample represents "unreasonable search" under the Fourth Amendment. Testing unreliability was illustrated in "Jones v. McKenzie." Factual, "reasonable suspicion" must exist for judicial approval. Tests do not resolve employee drug abuse; intervention should be the first line…

Splitt, David A.

1987-01-01

331

42 CFR 457.480 - Preexisting condition exclusions and relation to other laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Preexisting condition exclusions and relation to other laws. 457.480 Section... Preexisting condition exclusions and relation to other laws. (a) Preexisting condition...the Public Health Service Act. (b) Relation of title XXI to other laws....

2010-10-01

332

Journal of the Proceedings, School Law Forum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document consists of the speeches given at the 1972 New Jersey School Law Forum. The Forum is held to encourage the research of timely legal issues involving the structure and operation of the New Jersey public schools, to assist the school law practitioner by affording him the opportunity to hear and discuss research and opinion on selected…

New Jersey School Boards Association, Trenton.

333

Laws Must Be Nonpartisan, Not Bipartisan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that current campaign finance laws and regulations unfairly advantage incumbents and discourage challengers. This has resulted in the predominance of interest groups, media campaigns, and an emphasis on fund raising over political leadership. Argues for campaign finance laws written to serve the public interest. (MJP)

Mulford, Ross Clayton

1996-01-01

334

School Law. Cases and Concepts. Fifth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public school educators are aware that courts, over the last several decades, have played a significant role in establishing educational policy. This text attempts to address important issues in school law with an emphasis on those having an impact at the school-building level. Chapter 1 offers an overview of the sources of law and the court…

La Morte, Michael W.

335

The Yearbook of Education Law, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Law Association's yearbook of education law provides lawyers, administrators, and professors with a comprehensive review and analysis of the previous year's state and federal court decisions and legislation affecting the operation, management, and governance of public elementary and secondary schools, higher education, and…

Russo, Charles J., Ed.

336

Education Law Cases, 2001-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference work is a supplement to the "Desk Reference on Significant Supreme Court Cases Affecting Public Education." It compiles summaries of selected education law cases from August 2001 through July 2002 and is intended as an overview of cases important to practitioners of school law. The text opens with a topical table of cases grouped by…

National School Boards Association, Alexandria, VA. Council of School Attorneys.

337

LGBT Rights Law: A Career Guide  

E-print Network

LGBT Rights Law: A Career Guide Peter Hill Summer Fellow, 2007 Bernard Koteen Office of Public guidance and generous assistance. LGBT Rights Law Careers 2 #12;Table of Contents Introduction 4 Practice Bank Mary Bonauto Courtney Joslin Katherine Triantafillou LGBT Rights Organizations 27 Courses

Wolfe, Patrick J.

338

Law, Technology & Culture Major Worksheet 2013 Version  

E-print Network

History I and II; R512:379 U.S. History in the Courts; R790:356 Sex Law and Public Policy; R790, information technology, criminal justice, and political science. The degree requires 123 credits, 51 of which System 3 STS 300 Legal Reasoning, Writing and Technology 3 R790:304 Introduction to Law and Legal

Gary, Dale E.

339

Illinois School Law Survey. Seventh Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This survey provides answers to general questions regarding statutes and case law with respect to schools in force as of January 1, 2002, and administrative rules in effect as of March 30, 2001. It generally excludes, however, laws that are unique to Chicago Public School District 299. The book contains 27 chapters covering the following broad…

Braun, Brian A.

340

The Professions of Public Health  

PubMed Central

Law has been an essential tool of public health practice for centuries. From the 19th century until recent decades, however, most histories of public health described, approvingly, the progression of the field from marginally useful policy, made by persons learned in law, to effective policy, made by persons employing the methods of biomedical and behavioral science. Historians have recently begun to change this standard account by documenting the centrality of law in the development of public health practice. The revised history of public health offers additional justification for the program of public health law reform proposed in this issue of the Journal by Gostin and by Moulton and Matthews, who describe the new program in public health law of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. PMID:11527756

Fox, Daniel M.

2001-01-01

341

Enriching Discourse on Public Domains  

E-print Network

AM DUKE LAW JOURNAL C ONCLUSION [Vol. 55:xxx Professor BoyleBoyle does not cite to sources in which the public domain is so defined, Black’ LawLaw and Information, University of California, Berkeley. I am grateful to James Boyle,

Samuelson, Pam

2006-01-01

342

Head of Collection Services (PLA4) University of Iowa Law Library  

E-print Network

, including 8 Public Services librarians with both library and law degrees, and 5.5 librarians in CollectionHead of Collection Services (PLA4) University of Iowa Law Library Employer Information: The University of Iowa Law Library is part of the University of Iowa Law School. The University of Iowa Law

343

Demonstrating the Gas Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a complete computer program demonstrating the relationship between volume/pressure for Boyle's Law, volume/temperature for Charles' Law, and volume/moles of gas for Avagadro's Law. The programing reinforces students' application of gas laws and equates a simulated moving piston to theoretical values derived using the ideal gas law.…

Holko, David A.

1982-01-01

344

Public Pension Plans: The State Regulatory Framework.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the results of a 50-state survey of the laws defining the reporting, disclosure and investment standards that govern public employee retirement systems. In addition to reviewing these laws, the report describes the legislative and executive oversight of public retirement systems mandated by state law. The data for the report…

Reilly, Sarah C.

345

UNIVERSITETET I OSLO DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC AND  

E-print Network

and multiculturalism in the UK. In her work she has developed perspectives on gender and law and women's rights whichUNIVERSITETET I OSLO DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC AND INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of Women's Law INSTITUTT, University of Warwick. She is Director of the International Development Law and Human Rights Program, Chair

Løw, Erik

346

The Internationalization of Public Interest Law  

E-print Network

death penalty practice, all of which resulted in findings that the United Statesdeath penalty cases and playing a key role coordinating a hearing to air complaints about the United States’Death Penalty, Feb. 26, 2003, http://www.aclu.org/capital/ unequal/10389pub20030226.html; Amnesty International, United States

Cummings, Scott L

2006-01-01

347

PUBLIC LAW 101-542: THE STUDENT  

E-print Network

and Information Center in South Hall. The communication center is staffed by a police officer. This officer Communications Center. Patrol officers are radio dispatched by the Police Communication Center upon call Police officers respond to all emergencies on campus. Louisiana Tech University Police has a mutual

Selmic, Sandra

348

Law and American Education: A Case Brief Approach. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This third edition expands coverage on such topics as the law and students with disabilities, confidentiality, sexual harassment, student searches and tuition vouchers. It also includes some new topics such as bullying, copyright law, and the law and the internet. Both public and nonpublic school educators are aware that courts, over the last…

Palestini, Robert; Falk, Karen Palestini

2012-01-01

349

H. Douglas Barclay Law Library New York State  

E-print Network

Law Library Syracuse University College of Law Prepared by the Public Services Department NEW YORKRev. 3-10 1 H. Douglas Barclay Law Library New York State Legal Research Guide H. Douglas Barclay STATE LEGAL RESEARCH Check the library's "Location Guide" and the Library Online Catalog for the current

Raina, Ramesh

350

Charter Laws: Disaster, Detour, Irrelevant, or Reform Tool?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Charter laws have been the reform debate's path of least resistance. But the combination of regulatory barriers, open admissions, lack of consumer sovereignty, preferential funding of traditional public schools, and political control of prices means that charter laws may be irrelevant as reform catalysts, or worse. Even the strongest charter laws

Merrifield, John

2006-01-01

351

The Role of Law Review in Legal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The law review, it is suggested, is a species of publication that exists primarily to be written, not to be read. How the institution came into being, how a law review actually functions, and the consequences of the dominant law review pattern for legal education and the profession are examined. (Author/MLW)

Cane, Barbara H.

1981-01-01

352

Educational Reform in Brazil. The Law of 1961.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On December 21, 1961 the Brazilian Congress passed the Law of Directives and Bases of National Education, implementing the educational provisions of the Constitution of 1946. This Law of 1961 was Brazil's first general education law and was widely publicized as decentralizing the administration of and the responsibility for Brazilian education,…

Harrell, William A.

353

A Quantitative Analysis of Arkansas Principals' Knowledge of School Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to quantify the legal knowledge of Arkansas public school principals in seven areas: Arkansas law, constitutional issues, discipline, employee relations, federal law, special education/504, and tort liability and determine if significant relationships existed between legal knowledge recency of school law training,…

Smith, Christy Lack

2010-01-01

354

The Yale Law Journal: Pocket Part  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most law students have heard of The Yale Law Journal, but they may not know about The Yale Law Journal Pocket Part. The Pocket Part supplements the scholarship and work of The Yale Law Journal by providing original essays and responses to articles printed in the Journal. Users of this site can read the complete contents of The Pocket Part here, and they can also search the archive by topic, including legislation, civil rights, and tort law. Of course, users are most welcome to submit pieces for publication consideration, and they can also contact the editors with more general queries and comments. Finally, there are also a number of relevant links offered here, including one to The Yale Law Journal.

355

Power Law Distribution in Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We studied the statistical distribution of student's performance, which is measured through their marks, in university entrance examination (Vestibular) of UNESP (Universidade Estadual Paulista) with respect to (i) period of study-day versus night period (ii) teaching conditions - private versus public school (iii) economical conditions - high versus low family income. We observed long ubiquitous power law tails in physical and biological sciences in all cases. The mean value increases with better study conditions followed by better teaching and economical conditions. In humanities, the distribution is close to normal distribution with very small tail. This indicates that these power law tails in science subjects are due to the nature of the subjects themselves. Further and better study, teaching and economical conditions are more important for physical and biological sciences in comparison to humanities at this level of study. We explain these statistical distributions through Gradually Truncated Power law distributions. We discuss the possible reason for this peculiar behavior.

Gupta, Hari M.; Campanha, José R.; Chavarette, Fábio R.

356

School of Law Office of Career Planning  

E-print Network

their dream job right out of law school. Be realistic in your search. Many students waste time, money all, it only takes one positive response. #12;CONDUCTING AN EFFECTIVE JOB SEARCH Page 2 of 8 TIMING as January. Winter break is an excellent time to start applying for public interest/public sector positions

Galles, David

357

Environmental laws of man in conflict with laws of science and nature. [South Lake Tahoe, CA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Criticism of Public Law 92-500, passed in 1972 to eliminate the discharge of pollutants in water by 1985, focuses on two aspects: the impact it will have on the control of air and land pollution and its total reliance on technology to achieve water pollution control. Since all of man's activities produce residues, technology can only obey the thermodynamic laws

Schaumberg

1977-01-01

358

Library Laws Handbook: State Laws Relating to Michigan Libraries. [Revised Edition].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents excerpts and copies of state laws relating to Michigan libraries. The following are included: Preamble of the Constitution of Michigan of 1963; Legislative Council Act (excerpt); Incompatible Public Offices; Freedom of Information Act; Open Meetings Act; Laws, Documents, and Reports (excerpts); Administrative Procedures Act…

Michigan Library, Lansing.

359

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2011-10-01

360

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2010-10-01

361

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2012-10-01

362

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2013-10-01

363

Know Your School Law. Bulletin, 1952, No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public-spirited citizens who desire to improve their educational systems increasingly look to the law. The prerogative of a law-making body is to translate acceptable ideals and reforms into operating public policies. Educational progress in this country has been vitally encouraged and supported by State constitutions, legislative enactments, and…

Keesecker, Ward W.

1952-01-01

364

Innovations in Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" looks at historical and recent innovations in law. The first article examines the code of laws developed by the ancient Hebrews which influenced Roman law, English law, and the U.S. Declaration of Independence and Constitution. The second article explores Thomas Jefferson's writing of the Declaration of…

Martz, Carlton

2000-01-01

365

Hyperphysics: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This Hyperphysics page, from Georgia State University, provides detailed explanations for each of Kepler's Laws: the Law of Orbits, Law of Periods, and the Law of Areas. Each description offers appropriate formulas and equations as well as related images and graphics. Various links are provided throughout the article for related information.

Nave, Carl R.

2008-10-28

366

[Teaching about Family Law].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Focus on Law Studies""contains a special emphasis on teaching about law and the family", in the form of the following three articles: "Teaching Family Law: Growing Pains and All" (Susan Frelich Appleton); "The Family Goes to Court: Including Law in a Sociological Perspective on the Family" (Mary Ann Lamanna); and Michael Grossberg's…

Ryan, John Paul, Ed.

1992-01-01

367

77 FR 4030 - Nationwide Limited Public Interest Waiver Under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Recovery Act under the authority of section 1605(b)(1) (amended public interest waiver...and under the authority of section 1605(b)(1) of Public Law 111-5 and...new developments. Authority: Public Law 111-5,...

2012-01-26

368

Law & psychiatry: Gun laws and mental illness: how sensible are the current restrictions?  

PubMed

This column describes federal and state laws to restrict access to firearms among people with mental illness. The contribution to public safety of these laws is likely to be small because only 3%-5% of violent acts are attributable to serious mental illness, and most do not involve guns. The categories of persons with mental illnesses targeted by the laws may not be at higher risk of violence than other subgroups in this population. The laws may deter people from seeking treatment for fear of losing the right to possess firearms and may reinforce stereotypes of persons with mental illnesses as dangerous. PMID:20591996

Appelbaum, Paul S; Swanson, Jeffrey W

2010-07-01

369

The Right to Strike for Pennsylvania's Public Employees--Its Scope, Limits and Ramifications for the Public Employer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of private labor rulings on Pennsylvania's public employee laws, public sector strikes and their implications, and Pennsylvania's public employee laws and the right to strike. Available from Duquesne Law Review, 901 Rockwell Hall, 600 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15219; sc $3.50. (Author/IRT)

Decker, Kurt H.

1978-01-01

370

Imani Perry is a Professor in the Center for African American Studies and a Faculty Associate in the Program in Law and Public Affairs. She holds a Ph.D. in American Civilization, from Harvard University,  

E-print Network

Ideals and Institutions at Princeton University. He has served on the President's Council on Bioethics and the 2008 Guido Calabresi Lecture in Law and Religion at Yale. In 2012 he was nominated to serve on the U

Rowley, Clarence W.

371

British-Muslim family law and citizenship  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Archbishop of Canterbury's speech on ‘Civil and Religious Law in England’, delivered in 2008, attracted considerable public and academic attention. In the resulting ‘Sharia debate’, traces of (legal) orientalism became especially visible in an essentialist portrayal of ‘Sharia’ as being in opposition to ‘the West’. What is missing in debates conducted at the abstract level of compatibility–incompatibility, East–West, law–religion

Lisa Pilgram

2012-01-01

372

Is International Law Really State Law?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Revisionist scholars have recently challenged the hornbook rule that United States federal courts shall determine questions of customary international law as federal law. The revisionists claim that the traditional rule violates constitutional history and doctrine, and offends fundamental principles of separation of powers, federalism, and democracy. Professor Koh rebuts the revisionist challenge, applying each of the revisionists' own stated criteria.

Harold Hongju Koh

1998-01-01

373

NASA and the practice of space law  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The paper discusses the need for increased awareness in space law due to advances in space technology and a trend toward commercialization of space. A list of national and international treaties, conventions, agreements, laws, and regulations relevant to space activities is presented. NASA lawyers specialize in international and municipal laws that affect the NASA space mission; an example of the lawyers working with insurance companies in negotiating the first Space Shuttle liability policy is provided. The increased participation of the public sector in space activities, for example, the commercialization of the Space Shuttle transportation system, is examined.

Hosenball, S. N.

1985-01-01

374

The Present State of the Business Law Education of Accounting Students: The Business Law Professor's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article aims to provide Certified Public Accountant (CPA) candidates, accounting faculty, the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), and the state boards of accountancy with an insight into the business law professor's perspective concerning the legal education of accountants. This article first describes various factors,…

Kocakulah, Mehmet C.; Austill, A. David; Long, Brett

2009-01-01

375

Director of the S.J. Quinney Law Library University of Utah  

E-print Network

Library is Utah's largest public law library, serving Salt Lake City and the surrounding communities sinceDirector of the S.J. Quinney Law Library University of Utah DESCRIPTION: The University of Utah S.J. Quinney Law Library. The Director of the S.J. Quinney Law Library is responsible for the planning

Capecchi, Mario R.

376

Carrying guns in public: legal and public health implications.  

PubMed

In District of Columbia v. Heller, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Second Amendment protects an individual's right to own handguns in the home for protection, invalidating a Washington, D.C. law banning most handgun possession. The Heller decision, however, provided lower courts with little guidance regarding how to judge the constitutionality of gun laws other than handgun bans. Nevertheless, lower courts have upheld the vast majority of federal, state, and local gun laws challenged since Heller. One area in which some lower courts have disagreed has been the constitutionality of laws regulating the ability to carry firearms in public. This issue may be the next to be addressed by the Supreme Court under its evolving Second Amendment jurisprudence. Courts should carefully consider the negative public health and safety implications of gun carrying in public as they weigh the constitutionality of these laws. PMID:23590749

Vernick, Jon S

2013-03-01

377

TenureTrack Assistant Professor -Health Policy and Law The Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (JSGS) invites applications for the position of Assistant Professor in the area of health  

E-print Network

of Public Policy (JSGS) invites applications for the position of Assistant Professor in the area of health of Regina campus, in co-operation with the University of Saskatchewan's School of Public Health scholars in fields such as health policy, social policy, and public-sector management. Interested

Saskatchewan, University of

378

Drunk Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... first-time offenders . *We defer to our State Highway Safety Office members' interpretation of the law. Some ... is transferred to the state DOT or State Highway Safety Office. Alcohol exclusion laws allow insurance companies ...

379

Civil Law Glossary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a glossary of civil law terms originally compiled for journalists by the American Bar Association. Defines many essential civil law concepts and practices including compensatory damages, jurisdiction, motion to dismiss, discovery, and remedy. (MJP)

Update on Law-Related Education, 1997

1997-01-01

380

Newton's First Law (Inertia)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is a classroom investigation where students gather information from observing Newton's first law, develop a definition of Newton's first law and force, and apply to real life situations.

Schilling, Nikki

381

Fundamental Laws of Algebra  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This learning object from Wisc-Online covers the fundamental laws of algebra. The interactive activity includes slides which cover the following topics: the commutative, associative and distributive laws as applied to addition and multiplication.

Blohowiak, Chad; Jensen, Douglas; Reed, Allen

2005-01-01

382

Generalized law for aftershocks  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A generalized law for aftershock decay rates is provided through the combination of the Gutenberg-Richter frequency magnitude relation, Bath's law, and the modified Omori's law. Several large quakes with readily identified aftershocks were studied. Results indicate that aftershock decay rates depended on several parameters specific to each seismic region. It was found that the law can be used to forecast the rate of aftershock occurrence after specific information about the main shock's magnitude and the area's land is known.

Shcherbakov, Robert; Rundle, John B.; Turcotte, Donald L.; Agu

383

Advertising Law Internet Site  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Advertising Law Internet Site houses articles about the legal aspects of marketing products, with particular emphasis on infomercials, home shopping, and direct response TV. Other articles discuss 900 Number regulations, contest laws, business opportunity laws, and additional aspects of promotion law. The site also houses copies of FTC Guides and Speeches and FTC Rules and statutes. Consumer Advisories issued by the FTC will also be made available at the site.

384

School of Law Scholarships  

E-print Network

. received his law degree in 1964 and retired in 1974 as an Associate Justice of the SC Supreme Court. He received his law degree in 1934. He practiced law for a number of years, then in 1962 was elected to the Circuit Court, where he served until his retirement in 1979. He died in 1989. James Brailsford, Jr

Almor, Amit

385

Newtonâs Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This NASA website briefly explains the history of Sir Isaac Newton, concentrating mainly on his Three Laws of motion. It then applies these concepts to the principles of rockets. It thoroughly describes the concepts of force, momentum, acceleration and inertia via Newton's Three Laws and differential calculus. The website also goes indepth in the relationship between rocket thrust and Newton's Third Law.

2007-08-03

386

On polynomial reciprocity law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The well-known law of quadratic reciprocity has over 150 proofs in print. We establish a relation between polynomial Jacobi symbols and resultants of polynomials over finite fields. Using this relation, we prove the polynomial reciprocity law and obtain a polynomial analogue of classical Burde's quartic reciprocity law. Under the use of our polynomial Poisson summation formula and the evaluation of

Chih-Nung Hsu

2003-01-01

387

Kepler and his Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson discusses the work of Tycho Brahe and his connection with Johannes Kepler. Students will receive an introduction to conic sections along with Kepler's laws and observe the mathematical formulation of the third law, and its explicit form for artificial Earth satellites. In addition, the student will confirm Kepler's third law by comparing orbital periods and mean distances for all major planets.

Stern, David

388

Newton's Laws of Motion  

Microsoft Academic Search

THERE is a point in connection with Newton's laws of motion which tha text-books on dynamics, which found the science upon those laws, seem to me to leave very inconveniently and unnecessarily mysterious. The point to which I allude is the meaning of the words ``rest or uniform motion in a straight line'' in the first law. The difficult words

1887-01-01

389

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS  

E-print Network

SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS: STATUS AND CHALLENGES San Diego, California, USA 14 ­ 15 June 2011 The First Law of energy conservation was even known (Joule 1843) and long before Thermodynamic concepts were, including this one. The Laws of Thermodynamics have much wider, including philosophical significance

Kostic, Milivoje M.

390

Teaching About the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The practitioner-oriented book provides objectives and goals, learning activities, resources, teaching techniques, and other sources helpful for K-12 teachers developing, planning, and implementing law education programs in the social studies classroom. The first chapter examines the role of the law and society, goals for instruction, and law for…

Gerlach, Ronald A.; Lamprecht, Lynne W.

391

Bicycle Law Enforcement Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual is an attempt to draw together relevant resources and information for localities interested in developing a bicycle law enforcement operation. It is divided into five major sections. Section I explains the need for and importance of bicycle law enforcement. In section II are presented examples of past and current bicycle law

Hunter, William W.; Stutts, Jane C.

392

Laws of accident causation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper suggests that the influence of a number of important risk factors on road accidents can be described in terms of a few highly general statistical regularities that determine the shape of the relationship between the risk factors and accident occurrence. The statistical regularities are referred to as “laws of accident causation”. The following “laws” are proposed:1.The universal law

Rune Elvik

2006-01-01

393

How Law Protects Dignity  

Microsoft Academic Search

One way in which law protects dignity is by enforcing human rights provisions that explictly or implicitly involve the protection of dignity or the prevention of degradation. But law's connection with dignity is also much deeper and more pervasive than this. In the way that it operates, in the way that it presents its requirements, in the way law expects

Jeremy J Waldron

2012-01-01

394

Laws and Development  

Microsoft Academic Search

J. J. C Smart (1963) once argued that biology is unlike the physical sciences because there are no laws in biology. While physics and chemistry can construct general theories centered on genuine laws, biology is limited to case studies that make use of the laws of physics and chemistry: biology is more like engineering than it is like the physical

David Resnik

1997-01-01

395

Law of Empires.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue of "Bill of Rights in Action" explores issues raised by empires and imperial law. The first article, "Clash of Empires: The Fight for North America," looks at the clash of empires and the fight for North America during the 18th century. The second article, "When Roman Law Ruled the Western World," examines Roman Law, which helped hold…

Martz, Carlton

2001-01-01

396

European tax law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This book is intended as a textbook for students reading tax law or EC law. It offers a systematic survey of the tax implications of the EC Treaty and of European integration and of the EC tax harmonization policy, a discussion of the Community tax rules in force, and a discussion of the EC Court's case law in tax matters.

B. J. M. Terra; P. J. Wattel

2008-01-01

397

Utah Marriage Divorce Laws  

E-print Network

) if the people being married are of the same sex.4 Foreign marriages are valid even if they would be prohibited and void under Utah law, so long as it does not result in a same-sex marriage, a bigamous marriageUtah Marriage & Divorce Laws By Steve Averett J. Reuben Clark Law School Brigham Young University

Seamons, Kent E.

398

[Circumcision: history, religion and law].  

PubMed

The aim of this article is to describe the circumcision procedure during history, its therapeutic and preventive goals, with focus on bioethical, economic and law issues. The origins of this practice are lost in antiquity. It was performed since 3000 BC by the Egyptians for hygienic and religious reasons. Moreover, male circumcision is a religious commandment in Judaism and Islam, and it is customary in some Oriental Orthodox and other Christian churches of Africa. Nowadays, circumcision is performed as a routine procedure by the Jews and the Muslims for religious reasons. The world prevalence of men with circumcision is 12.5-33%, especially in USA, Canada, Islamic people and Africa; in Europe the prevalence rate is low (in Great Britain it is 1.5%). Currently, male circumcision is being highly debated because of ethical, law and scientific issues and the different roles of this procedure: therapeutic, prophylactic (but there is no universal consensus) and ritualistic role. Nowadays, in Italy there is a strong debate about the consensus for this practice and its indications. The Italian law does not allow performing ritualistic circumcision, as a free of charge procedure in public hospitals, at the government's expenses, because the Italian law must protect different religious cultures, in name of the laity of the State. Thus, national bioethical committee (CNB) has established that ritualistic circumcision may only be performed on a paying basis in public hospitals. As a protective practice, circumcision has decreased in the entire world because of the improvement of hygienical conditions and, above all, the lack of unanimous consent on the real usefulness of protective circumcision, even if several studies have recently demonstrated the protecting role of male circumcision against HIV infection. PMID:21452153

Totaro, Angelo; Volpe, Andrea; Racioppi, Marco; Pinto, Francesco; Sacco, Emilio; Bassi, Pier Francesco

2011-01-01

399

University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation  

E-print Network

Martha Lubin Karsh, Law '81 University of Virginia '78 Edward J. Kelly III, Law '81 Princeton University Samuel B. Witt, III, Law '64 Virginia Military Institute '58 Other Officers Luis Alvarez, Jr., Law '88

Whittle, Mark

400

94 University of Virginia School of Law law school foundation  

E-print Network

University of Virginia '62 elizabeth s. scott, Law '77 William & Mary '67 william M. slaughter, Law '66 James e. coleman, Jr., Law '51 Georgia Institute of Technology '48 wallace l. cook, Law '64 Harvard

Acton, Scott

401

Special-Purpose Public Police.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the last in a series of five describing a 16-month study of the nature and extent of the police industry in the United States, its problems, its present regulation, and how the law impinges on it. In this volume, certain types of public forces not having general law-enforcement responsibilities are described, including reserve…

Kakalik, James S.; Wildhorn, Sorrel

402

43 CFR 422.9 - Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative agreements.  

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement contracts and cooperative...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2014-10-01

403

43 CFR 422.10 - Requirements for authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority.  

...authorizing officers to exercise Reclamation law enforcement authority. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS Program...

2014-10-01

404

76 FR 78874 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification-Further...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification--Further Implementation...Acquisition Regulation Supplement to conform statutory titles to the new Positive Law Codification of Title 41, United States Code, ``Public...

2011-12-20

405

77 FR 35879 - Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification-Further...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement: Title 41 Positive Law Codification--Further...Supplement (DFARS) to conform statutory titles throughout the DFARS to the new Positive Law Codification of Title 41, United States Code, ``Public...

2012-06-15

406

78 FR 76404 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel TUESDAY'S CHILD; Invitation...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel TUESDAY'S CHILD; Invitation for Public...requirement of the coastwise laws under certain circumstances...the vessel TUESDAY'S CHILD is: Intended Commercial...association, business, labor union, etc.)....

2013-12-17

407

116 STAT. 2345PUBLIC LAW 107299--NOV. 26, 2002 Public Law 107299  

E-print Network

with the relevant portions of the strategic plans of the Department of Commerce and of the Administration.''. (b (as determined under clause (i)) into no less than 5 categories, with each of the 2 best years after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Commerce, acting through the Under

408

117 STAT. 2699PUBLIC LAW 108187--DEC. 16, 2003 Public Law 108187  

E-print Network

as the ``Controlling the Assault of Non- Solicited Pornography and Marketing Act of 2003'', or the ``CAN- SPAM Act Pornography and Marketing Act of 2003. Dec. 16, 2003 [S. 877] VerDate 11-MAY-2000 15:26 Dec 24, 2003 Jkt

Shamos, Michael I.

409

Public Policy in the Virtual World  

E-print Network

), Virtual Finance, Virtual Law, Virtual Property Abstract This paper explores the application of traditional real-world law to activities in virtual environments. Massively multiplayer online role-playing games increase and evolve. This paper explores a range of laws, regulations and underlying public policy concerns

Bagby, John

410

The Normativity of Law in Law and Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Normativity of Law in Law and Economics Péter Cserne* 1. Introduction This paper is about some theoretical and methodological problems of law and economics (economic analysis of law, EAL). More specifically, I will use game theoretical insights to answer the question, relevant both for law and economics and legal philosophy, how should a social scientific analysis of law account

Péter Cserne

411

Drinking-Age Laws: An Evaluation Synthesis of Their Impact on Highway Safety. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight, Committee on Public Works and Transportation, House of Representatives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined existing evaluations of drinking-age laws to determine the extent to which they provide empirical support for federal and state initiatives to change the legal drinking age. It specifically examined the effects that raising the minimum drinking age has had on traffic accidents, beverage alcohol consumption, driving after…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Program Evaluation and Methodology Div.

412

EDUCATION LAW A Career Guide  

E-print Network

EDUCATION LAW A Career Guide Written By: Dan Ahearn, Attorney Advisor & Ross MacConnell, Summer.law.harvard.edu/current/careers/opia/ #12;Education Law Guide 2009, page 1 Table of Contents Introduction..........................................................................................12 Education Law at Harvard

Wolfe, Patrick J.

413

Sunday Liquor Laws and Crime  

PubMed Central

Many jurisdictions have considered relaxing Sunday alcohol sales restrictions, yet such restrictions' effects on public health remain poorly understood. This paper analyzes the effects of legalization of Sunday packaged liquor sales on crime, focusing on the phased introduction of such sales in Virginia beginning in 2004. Differences-in-differences and triple-differences estimates indicate the liberalization increased minor crime by 5% and alcohol-involved serious crime by 10%. The law change did not affect domestic crime or induce significant geographic or inter-temporal crime displacement. The costs of this additional crime are comparable to the state's revenues from increased liquor sales. PMID:22125348

Heaton, Paul

2011-01-01

414

Working Mothers, Breastfeeding, and the Law  

PubMed Central

Workplace barriers contribute to low rates of breastfeeding. Research shows that supportive state laws correlate with higher rates, yet by 2009, only 23 states had adopted any laws to encourage breastfeeding in the workplace. Federal law provided virtually no protection to working mothers until the 2010 enactment of the “reasonable break time” provision of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. This provision nonetheless leaves many working mothers uncovered, requires break time only to pump for (not feed) children younger than 1 year, and exempts small employers that demonstrate hardship. Public health professionals should explore ways to improve legal support for all working mothers wishing to breastfeed. Researchers should identify the laws that are most effective and assist policymakers in translating them into policy. PMID:21164100

Moulton, Anthony D.

2011-01-01

415

A New Model that Generates Lotka's Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Develops a new model for a process that generates Lotka's Law. Topics include measuring scientific productivity through the number of publications; rate of production; career duration; randomness; Poisson distribution; computer simulations; goodness-of-fit; theoretical support for the model; and future research. (Author/LRW)

Huber, John C.

2002-01-01

416

Job Safety and Health It's the law!  

E-print Network

Job Safety and Health It's the law! EMPLOYEES: Must have access to: · DOE safety and health publications; · The worker safety and health program for their location; · This safety and health poster related to worker safety and health; · Decline to perform an assigned task because of a belief

Lee, Jason R.

417

The Yearbook of Education Law 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Yearbook of Education Law contains analyses of the previous year's federal and state court decisions that affect private and public elementary and secondary schools and higher education. The Yearbook provides summaries and analyses of relevant state appellate and federal trial and appellate court cases. Contents include: (1) Employees; (2)…

Russo, Charles, Ed.

2008-01-01

418

State Abortion Politics and TRAP Abortion Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

How responsive are political lawmakers to an abortion issue that is potentially less salient to the public or in the media? Targeted Regulation of Abortion Providers (or TRAP) laws impose physical plant and personnel regulations and requirements on abortion providers that exceed those imposed on other comparable health care providers or outpatient medical facilities. Using event history analysis, this article

Marshall H. Medoff

2012-01-01

419

Sport Law. NOLPE Monograph Series, No. 40.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Three primary areas of concern for those who confront sport law matters in public school or collegiate settings are the focus of this monograph. The first chapter presents tort issues, primarily negligence. A brief overview of fundamental negligence concepts is followed by discussions of major risk areas: supervision, conduct of the activity, and…

Sharp, Linda A.

420

Race, immigration law, and the U.S.-Mexico border : a history of the border patrol and the Mexican-origin population in the Southwest  

E-print Network

the U.S. -Mexico War, Jim Crow laws, residential and schoolas sixty years ago Jim Crow laws created separate public andJim Crow era specified that Whites and Blacks should not socially interact, with laws

Luna, Brandon Salvador

2008-01-01

421

Combating Drugs in America: Putting the Drug Strategy into Action. Hearing on Examining the Administration's Drug Strategy and How It Relates to the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act (Public Law 103-322) before the Committee on the Judiciary. United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, Second Session.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the passage of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, a Senate hearing was held to examine whether the prescriptions set forth in the Act could function and how they could be implemented as part of the U.S. government's drug strategy. This transcript of the hearing contains statements (in order) by: Senators Joseph R. Biden…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on the Judiciary.

422

Antibullying Legislation: A Public Health Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To determine the extent to which aspects of public health policy have been incorporated into the antibullying statutes enacted in the United States. Methods: We reviewed all the state laws dealing with school bullying, harassment, and\\/or intimidation enacted in the United States as of June 2007. These laws were evaluated using an Antibullying Public Health Policy Criteria Index, designed

Jorge C. Srabstein; Benjamin E. Berkman; Eugenia Pyntikova

423

Monitoring and Decreasing Public Smoking among Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the impact of tobacco possession laws on public smoking among youth. There were two intervention sites: a fast food restaurant and a shopping mall. Two control sites were also monitored for public smoking among youth. Preliminary findings suggest that when police issued tickets to minors for violating tobacco possession laws,…

Jason, Leonard A.; Pokorny, Steven B.; Sanem, Julia R.; Adams, Monica L.

2006-01-01

424

Public Employees' Bargaining Rights in Washington.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An examination of the eight public employee statutes in force in Washington--considering which rights are granted public employees, which are denied, and which remain unclear--points out the inadequacy of this approach. The eight existing statutes should be consolidated. Available from Gonzaga Law Review, Gonzaga University School of Law, Gonzaga…

Green, Lawrence; Hotto, Claire

1978-01-01

425

Islamic Finance: Between Classical Law and Contemporary Practice  

E-print Network

Theory, National Science Foundation, and Review of Economics and Statistics. 2 Publications: • Islamic Finance: Law, Economics and Practice, NY: Cambridge University Press, in press, 2006 (ISBN-10: 0521864143 | ISBN-13: 9780521864145). • “Short... Harvard University Forum on Islamic Finance, Cambridge: Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Harvard University, 2004, pp. 7- 20. • “Interest and the Paradox of Contemporary Islamic Law and Finance”, Fordham International Law Journal 27(1), December 2003, pp...

El-Gamal, Mahmoud

2006-04-08

426

Images of the Arctic and the Law and Politics Implicit in Them  

Microsoft Academic Search

David Caron is President of the American Society of International Law and the C. William Maxeiner Distinguished Professor of Law at the University of California, Berkeley. He currently teaches public international law, resolution of private international disputes, ocean law and policy, and an advanced international law writing workshop.\\u000aProfessor Caron is the co-director of the Miller Institute on Global Challenges

David Caron

2012-01-01

427

Newton's Second Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson introduces students to Sir Isaac Newton's Second Law of Motion. Topics include the two ways to study the dynamics of a system in which there is motion, a brief description of Newton's work in studying and measuring the motion of objects, and a summary of his three laws of motion. The lesson includes an activity in which students test Newton's Second Law by measuring the acceleration of a cart which is being pulled by increasingly larger masses.

Pratte, John

428

Women's Rights Guide Bernard Koteen Office of Public Interest Advising  

E-print Network

, sports law, LGBT rights, and international law. Often feminist leaders today focus on areasWomen's Rights Guide Bernard Koteen Office of Public Interest Advising Harvard Law School Revised and Fellows of Harvard College #12;Harvard Law School's Women's Rights Guide 2 Acknowledgements This revision

Wolfe, Patrick J.

429

Keeping Public Information Public.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the trend toward the transfer of federal government information from the public domain to the private sector. Topics include free access, privatization, information-policy revision, accountability, copyright issues, costs, pricing, and market needs versus public needs. (LRW)

Kelley, Wayne P.

1998-01-01

430

Federal Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Supplies census statistics about federal employees with law enforcement authority. Provides additional information about the functionality, budget, expenditures, and staffing of federal crime labs and police departments.

Justice, U. S.

431

Bullying Policies and Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Policies & Laws | Español Search Stopbullying.gov WHAT IS BULLYING Definition The Roles Kids Play Related Topics CYBER BULLYING What is Cyberbullying? Prevent Cyberbullying Report Cyberbullying WHO ...

432

Newton's Law of Gravitation  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The two activities included in this guide introduce students to the principles behind Newton's Law of Gravitation and help students learn aspects of the law in an interesting and engaging way. This guide provides teachers with background information pertaining to the activities, preparation suggestions for each activity, as well as material lists, and demonstrations. The activity guide assumes knowledge of Newton's Second Law of Motion, can be tailored for the level of the students, and can be completed individually or in groups. This is the last of four posters on Newton's Laws and a copy of the wallsheet intended to accompany these activities is available on this website.

433

Publicly Funded Research for a Price  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

APS Executive Director Martin Frank was interviewed for a Marketplace report on publicly funded research. "Publicly-funded research doesn't seem so public when taxpayers must pay to read the results in a journal. A new law may help publishing companies preserve their business models, but will limit public access to the research. Janet Babin reports."

Janet Babin (Marketplace)

2009-04-28

434

Unauthorized Practice of Law vs. Legal Reference Service  

E-print Network

A reference librarian in a law library is often faced with questions from members of the public inquiring about basic legal issues, from how to obtain a protection order to what the statute of limitations is for a personal ...

McCray Pearson, Joyce A.

1994-01-01

435

42 CFR 2.20 - Relationship to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.20 Relationship to State laws. The statutes authorizing...

2011-10-01

436

42 CFR 2.20 - Relationship to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PROVISIONS CONFIDENTIALITY OF ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE PATIENT RECORDS General Provisions § 2.20 Relationship to State laws. The statutes authorizing...

2010-10-01

437

43 CFR 4.474 - Authority of administrative law judge.  

...Applicable to Public Land Hearings and Appeals Grazing Procedures (inside and Outside Grazing Districts) § 4.474 Authority of administrative...including a petition for a stay of a final BLM grazing decision. (d) An administrative law...

2014-10-01

438

Do Sex Offender Registration and Notification Laws Affect Criminal Behavior?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent decades, sex offenders have been the targets of some of the most far-reaching and novel crime legislation in the U.S. Two key innovations have been registration and notification laws which, respectively, require that convicted sex offenders provide valid contact information to law enforcement authorities, and that information on sex offenders be made public. Using detailed information on the

J. J. Prescott; Jonah E. Rockoff

2008-01-01

439

43 CFR 15.14 - Applicability of laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of laws. 15.14 Section 15.14 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.14 Applicability of laws. In areas to which this part pertains all Federal Acts shall be...

2012-10-01

440

43 CFR 15.14 - Applicability of laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...of laws. 15.14 Section 15.14 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.14 Applicability of laws. In areas to which this part pertains all Federal Acts shall be...

2011-10-01

441

43 CFR 15.14 - Applicability of laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of laws. 15.14 Section 15.14 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.14 Applicability of laws. In areas to which this part pertains all Federal Acts shall be...

2013-10-01

442

43 CFR 15.14 - Applicability of laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...of laws. 15.14 Section 15.14 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the Interior KEY LARGO CORAL REEF PRESERVE § 15.14 Applicability of laws. In areas to which this part pertains all Federal Acts shall be...

2010-10-01

443

BY-LAWS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT  

E-print Network

The University of Connecticut is the state's premier public university with a reputation for excellence in allBY-LAWS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT #12;ii BY-LAWS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT PREAMBLE in its graduate, professional, and pre-professional programs. As a research-intensive university

Holsinger, Kent

444

Do School Bully Laws Align with Prevention Best Practices?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines state-level school laws that emerged over the last decade with regard to bully prevention. The purpose is to determine, among states that legally mandate public schools to address bullying, how extensively they have incorporated language representing the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention levels. State bully laws

Edmondson, Lynne; Zeman, Laura Dreuth

2011-01-01

445

Author Inflation Leads to a Breakdown of Lotka's Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an empirical study using publication data from Dutch physics institutes which shows that Lotka's law breaks down when articles with a large number of authors are included in the bibliography. Suggests that from a mathematical point of view, large groups of authors destroy the underlying explanations of informetric laws. (Author/LRW)

Kretschmer, Hildrun; Rousseau, Ronald

2001-01-01

446

Jacob Burns Law Library Guide Hours of Service  

E-print Network

Library Administrative Office 202-994-1430 Interlibrary Loan202-994-0433 Public Services Lori FossumJacob Burns Law Library Guide #12;Hours of Service Fall and Spring Semesters: Monday­Friday 8:00am of the Library's hours, please call 202-994-6646 or visit www.law.gwu.edu/Library For a current schedule

Vertes, Akos

447

Equality v. Liberty v. Pluralism: Latinos in American Constitutional Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines how U.S. courts, particularly the Supreme Court, have applied constitutional law principles to Latino communities and individuals in three areas: public education, the status of Puerto Rico, and jury selection. Consistent with traditional views of American society as biracial (black and white), constitutional law discussions…

Soltero, Carlos R.

448

UNCORRECTED 2 Legal ontology of sales law application  

E-print Network

intelligence (AI) techniques have spread only slowly into the 25 domains of law, regulation and public policy. The 27 perspective of this research is that artificial intelligence in law is inherently 28 interdisciplinary. Successful projects in artificial intelligence and ontologies 29 require domain expertise in both

Mullen, Tracy

449

The Internet and the Law: What Educators Need To Know.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book discusses the key legal issues public schools face in using the World Wide Web, e-mail, and other computer technologies. Chapter 1 covers the foundations of school Internet law, including Supreme Court decisions, the legal standard of conduct, standards for technology literacy, and federal vs. state law. Chapter 2 discusses freedom of…

Conn, Kathleen

450

An Exploratory Analysis of Florida Law Enforcement Domestic Violence Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The high social cost of domestic violence has caught the attention of lawmakers and criminal justice agency administrators across the country. As public awareness and concern over the incidence of domestic violence has risen, domestic violence legislation has focused on, among other things, the law enforcement response to domestic violence. The purpose of this study is to examine Florida law

Kimberly M. Tatum; Keith Clement

2007-01-01

451

Torts as Public Wrongs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article is a rejoinder to the civil recourse theorist's claim that tort law will be better served by retreating to the philosopher's prefecture of private wrongs. A subsidiary goal of this Article is to refute John Goldberg's claim that my sociologically-inspired theory of torts as public wrongs serves the interests of tort reformers rather than American consumers. In a

Michael L. Rustad

2012-01-01

452

School Law in Review, 1990: Presentations from the Annual School Law Seminar (New Orleans, Louisiana, April 20-21, 1990).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presentations delivered at the National School Boards Association (NSBA) Council of School Attorneys 1990 school law seminar are compiled in this publication. The following papers are included: "The 1989 Revolution in Employment Discrimination Law: Procedure Alters Substance," by Charles F. Abernathy; "Special Education Litigation: The Preparation…

Gittins, Naomi, Ed.

453

The evolution of law in biopreparedness.  

PubMed

The decade following the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, and ensuing anthrax exposures that same fall has seen significant legal reforms designed to improve biopreparedness nationally. Over the past 10 years, a transformative series of legal changes have effectively (1) rebuilt components of federal, state, and local governments to improve response efforts; (2) created an entire new legal classification known as "public health emergencies"; and (3) overhauled existing legal norms defining the roles and responsibilities of public and private actors in emergency response efforts. The back story as to how law plays an essential role in facilitating biopreparedness, however, is pocked with controversies and conflicts between law- and policymakers, public health officials, emergency managers, civil libertarians, scholars, and others. Significant legal challenges for the next decade remain. Issues related to interjurisdictional coordination; duplicative legal declarations of emergency, disaster, and public health emergency; real-time legal decision making; and liability protections for emergency responders and entities remain unresolved. This article explores the evolving tale underlying the rise and prominence of law as a pivotal tool in national biopreparedness and response efforts in the interests of preventing excess morbidity and mortality during public health emergencies. PMID:22455677

Hodge, James G

2012-03-01

454

Newton's 3 Laws of Motion  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learn about Sir Isaac Newton's 3 laws of motion and see how you experience these laws every day! Today you are going to be learning about Sir Isaac Newton's three laws of motion. A. Newton s 3 Laws of Motion On this first site click on the different links and learn about the following: About Sir Isaac Newton The 1st law of motion The 2nd law of motion The 3rd law of motion Make sure to write down what ...

Friske, Miss

2010-04-21

455

Technology, property, and law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 1975 and 1986 forty-eight states passed laws specifically criminalizing unauthorized access to computer-based information. Thirty of these states passed their computer crime laws between 1982 and 1985. This flurry of legislative activity occurred in a climate of concern for the need to stem what was characterized as a ‘wave of computer crime.’ The data presented here, however, indicate that

Raymond J. Michalowski; Erdwin H. Pfuhl

1991-01-01

456

Charles' Law of Gases.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an experiment that uses air to test Charles' law. Reinforces the student's intuitive feel for Charles' law with quantitative numbers they can see, introduces the idea of extrapolating experimental data to obtain a theoretical value, and gives a physical quantitative meaning to the concept of absolute zero. (JRH)

Petty, John T.

1995-01-01

457

The Rule of Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay explores the problem of establishing the rule of law in the developing world. Democracies in the developing world have regular elections yet lack the rule of law. The solution, it is believed, is that these democracies must adopt the “best practices” of Western democracies by reforming judicial systems and strengthening constitutional judicial review. This argument rests on the

Miguel Schor

2006-01-01

458

Law Education Resources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Course outlines and timelines for a junior high school elective, "Youth and the Law," and a senior high school elective, "Criminal and Civil Law," are provided. A sample brochure about a supplementary television series for the junior high course is also included. (SR)

Letwin, Alita Zurav

1983-01-01

459

TOPOGRAPHIES LAW / DROIT  

E-print Network

Riques FeATuRes sHORT TAKes 8 On LegaL educatiOn Martha Minow, Dean of the Harvard Law School, and this year's recipient of an honorary doctor of laws degree, reflects on the meaning of a McGill legal education 6 EP-state arbitration issues and on international trade, investment and litigation. Bjorklund's term at Mc

Fabry, Frederic

460

Reinventing Howard's Law School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes efforts by Alice Gresham Bullock, dean of the Howard University School of Law, to improve the school (including building a new library and improving relations with faculty) and restore Howard to its previous stature as a leader in civil rights law. (EV)

Glenn, Gwendolyn

2001-01-01

461

LawGuru.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

LawGuru.com is an exhaustive resource for free legal information. The site provides access to more than 430 legal search engines and databases, including a feature that allows parallel searching of multiple databases. The site also maintains the LawGuru.com BBS, a searchable database of legal questions posted by users accompanied by responses from one of the more than 320 practicing attorneys in the LawGuru.com network. Currently the BBS database contains over 4,000 legal questions divided into more than 25 categories. In addition, LawGuru.com provides a collection of fifteen FAQs written on various legal issues, links to over 500 legal Internet resources, and information on over 600 associated electronic mailing lists. Recently, LawGuru.com began hosting the Internet Law Library (see the May 3, 1996 Scout Report), a comprehensive resource formerly maintained by the US House of Representatives. LawGuru.com is operated by The Law Offices of Eslamboly & Barlavi (California).

462

Social Studies: Law Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews 11 series, texts, supplements, kits, and professional references for law instruction, including civil and criminal law, the Bill of Rights, and controversial legal issues: arson, gun control, capital punishment, and euthanasia. While all grade levels are covered, the emphasis is on secondary-level materials. (SJL)

Curriculum Review, 1979

1979-01-01

463

Law of Police Interrogation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay traces the history of the law of police interrogation in the United States, emphasizing that this body of law is largely a product of United States Supreme Court cases interpreting the United States Constitution. The essay reviews the three sections of the Constitution that regulate interrogation practices: the Fifth Amendment, the Due Process Clause of the Fifth and

Thomas George III; Richard Leo

2012-01-01

464

Law Studies Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This law studies curriculum guide describes a course designed to provide secondary students with the opportunity to acquire an understanding of the U.S. legal process. The law studies course is intended to develop corresponding concepts and skills in conjunction with the content presented. The content areas of the curriculum include: (1)…

Seminole County Board of Public Instruction, Sanford, FL. Dept. of Curriculum Services.

465

Drug Impaired Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... Learn More About Impaired Driving Issue Brief 3 states – California, New York and Hawaii – separate driving under the influence of alcohol, under ... information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office . State Per Se Laws for Drugs (Forbidding Prohibited Substances in Driver's Body) DEC/DRE Programs (Providing Law ... Idaho Yes Illinois Yes Yes Indiana Yes ...

466

Know Your Laws. Polish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Polish language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of the…

Watson, Joan Q.; Kopania, Margaret

467

Know Your Laws. French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This French language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of the…

Watson, Joan Q.; Ledun, Andree

468

Know Your Laws. Czechoslovakian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Czechoslovakian language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three…

Watson, Joan Q.; Ziembinski, Vera

469

Know Your Laws. German.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This German language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of the…

Watson, Joan Q.; Karch, Hannelore

470

Know Your Laws. Italian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Italian language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult students with law they will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of the…

Watson, Joan Q.

471

LAW, RELIGION & EDUCATION  

E-print Network

LAW, RELIGION & EDUCATION: Religious Freedom in the Sphere of Education 8th & 9th October 2010. The Conference will examine the relationships between "Law, Religion and Education", addressing the accommodation of religious diversity as well as the content and meaning of education, notably religious education, in a human

Saunders, Mark

472

The Law of Elasticity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participants estimated the imagined elongation of a spring while they were imagining that a load was stretching the spring. This elongation turned out to be a multiplicative function of spring length and load weight--a cognitive law analogous to Hooke's law of elasticity. Participants also estimated the total imagined elongation of springs joined…

Cocco, Alberto; Masin, Sergio Cesare

2010-01-01

473

Physics Flashlets: Kepler's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This simulation illustrates Kepler's Second Law, that orbits sweep out equal areas during equal intervals of time, for any part of the orbit. The user can choose from three buttons between circular or increasingly elliptical orbits to observe that the law holds in all cases.

Fowler, Michael; Welch, Heather

2008-10-05

474

Law Related Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This journal edition focuses upon the many resources for teachers to draw upon in order to infuse law-related education (LRE) into their classrooms. Isidore Starr explains the reasons behind the LRE movement, while Mabel McKinney-Browning describes the existing American Bar Association's programs in LRE. Judith Zimmer covers the Street Law

Maslow, R., Ed.; Kirchgaessner, R., Ed.

1989-01-01

475

Language and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the language of law and its general interest to the field of applied linguistics. Specific focus is on legal language, the problems and remedies of legal communication (e.g., language and disadvantage before the law, improving legal communication) the legislation of language (e.g., language rights, language crimes), and forensic…

Gibbons, John

1999-01-01

476

Utah Marriage Divorce Laws  

E-print Network

in a same-sex marriage, a bigamous marriage, a marriage to a person under the age of 16 (except 15 year olds to receive judicial consent to be married), or (4) if the people being married are of the same sex.4 ForeignUtah Marriage & Divorce Laws By Steve Averett J. Reuben Clark Law School Brigham Young University

Seamons, Kent E.

477

Know Your Laws. Spanish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This Spanish language version of "Know Your Laws" consists of 24 self-contained modules designed to acquaint the Florida adult student with laws she/he will meet in everyday life; fundamentals of local, state, and federal governments; and the criminal and juvenile justice systems. (The 130 objectives are categorized in the first three levels of…

Watson, Joan Q.; Ackerson, Leonor

478

Common Law Approaches to the Relationship Between Law and Morality  

Microsoft Academic Search

How are general relations of law and morality typically conceived in an environment of Anglo-saxon common law? This paper considers some classical common law methods and traditions as these have confronted and been overlaid with modern ideas of legal positivism. While classical common law treated a community and its morality as the cultural foundation of law, legal positivism's analytical separation

Roger Cotterrell

2000-01-01

479

Florida Law Collections  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Florida Law Collections document the laws and legal heritage of Florida through a wide range of texts digitized from the holdings of the University of Florida's Lawton Chiles Legal Information Center, the State Library, and Archives of Florida, and several other key institutions. Specifically, the collection includes issues of the Journal of the Florida House of Representatives, the Florida Historical Legal Documents collection, a Florida Water Law collection that is particularly noteworthy, as well as other general texts on Florida laws, the legislative process, and government. Given the debates over water rights and usage throughout the state, the Water Law collection is a real find, and visitors can search over 7300 documents within the collection. From the homepage, visitors can perform advanced searches and also look over recently added items. Finally, visitors can also sign up to receive their RSS feed and contact the site administrators with any additional queries they might have.

480

International resources law  

SciTech Connect

This book covers: Historical origins of civil code legal systems; Modern civil law practice for mineral lawyers; Treaties and agreements for protection of international investments; Europe 1992-toward a single energy market; Dispute resolution in international agreements; Assessment of political risk; Reducing political risk; Protecting mineral investments from upheaval in developing countries; Typical world petroleum arrangements; government take in the Pacific Rim - Papua New Guinea; Mineral base of the USSR and prospects of investment; International taxation for the mining practitioner; Tax considerations - branch versus subsidiary; Doing business in the host country - nontax considerations; Impact of host-country laws on operations and profits; Mineral development and native rights - New Zealand; Designing the investment vehicle: mining; International oil and gas joint ventures; Selected U.S. laws with extraterritorial effect; U.S. tax and securities laws applied to foreign joint venturers; and Extraterritorial effect of U.S. laws.

Not Available

1991-01-01

481

Public health and the Australian Constitution.  

PubMed

The powers vested in the Commonwealth Government by the Constitution contain the basis of much public health law in Australia. Yet this is not often recognised; public health law is generally, and historically, seen as the states' responsibility. This article surveys the broad range of constitutional powers that the Commonwealth Government can rely upon to make public health laws. It considers areas of power specified in the Constitution, such as those with respect to external affairs and corporations. Decisions of the High Court have interpreted the various heads of power very broadly and have significantly enhanced the potential of the Commonwealth to pass detailed and far-reaching public health law. To this fact must be added the taxation arrangements in Australia and, with these, the very extensive control that the Commonwealth can exercise through its monopoly of major taxation sources. Its power to make financial arrangements can tie dependent states into specific policies (including public health policies) as a condition of the grants made to them. However, these broad powers may be limited in some important respects: the High Court is increasingly identifying rights and freedoms in the Constitution that may increasingly bring both state and Commonwealth public health law under challenge. Despite this possibility, the Commonwealth may prove to be our most significant source of public health law, and public health policy makers should recognise the full potential of its power to make such laws. PMID:7626674

Reynolds, C

1995-06-01

482

76 FR 29754 - Proposed Data Collections Submitted for Public Comment and Recommendations  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Background and Brief Description The Public Health Security and Bioterrorism Preparedness and Response Act of 2002, Subtitle A of Public...severe threat to public health and safety. The Agricultural Bioterrorism Protection Act of 2002, Subtitle B of Public Law...

2011-05-23

483

Child Labor Laws in Mississippi.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child labor laws have not attracted much attention in recent years. Much of the basic legislation and the case law dates from the early part of the 20th century. This paper discusses the Mississippi statutory law on the subject, compares that law with legislation in five other States, and discusses case law in Mississippi and in other States.…

Robbins, Jerry H.

484

Error of law and flawed administrative acts  

E-print Network

.1: Bullen and Soneji v United Kingdom, App. No. 3383/06, judgment of 8 January 2009); Director of Public Prosecutions of the Virgin Islands v Penn [2008] UKPC 29 per Lord Mance at [18]. See also London & Clydeside Estates v Aberdeen District Council [1980... , but applicant lost on merits). 7 known mantra that ignorance of the law is no excuse, we might expect the rule of law to generate a constitutional principle (akin to that established in relation to individualized decisions in Anufrijeva14) that people...

Feldman, David

2014-07-17

485

94 University of Virginia School of Law Law School Foundation  

E-print Network

Vier Stanford University '65 Smith College '61 Wallace L. Cook, Law '64 Harvard University '61 Cameron L. Cowan '75 Gordon F. Rainey, Jr., Law '67 University of Virginia '62 Elizabeth S. Scott, Law '77 William

Acton, Scott

486

Refereeing the public health.  

PubMed

Between January 2009 and October 2013, 49 states and the District of Columbia passed laws focusing on mitigating the consequences of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) in organized youth sports. Using historical, contextual, and empirical methods, this Article describes the content, goals, and structure of youth sports TBI laws, while hypothesizing about their underlying legislative logic and long-term public health consequences. The Article's empirical evidence suggests two key findings: first, that a dominant interest group, the National Football League, helped to define the problem and its associated solutions for the vast majority of states, thus curving the legislative story are in favor of its policy prescriptions; second, that existing youth sports TBI laws are focused on secondary, not primary, prevention, and may thus shift attention away from more comprehensive solutions. Finally, the Article explains why such state laws will likely fail to substantially resolve the larger untackled problem--significantly reducing the overall rate and number of TBIs in youth sports. After explaining why existing state youth sports TBI laws fail to accomplish this broader goal, the Article queries whether alternative policy or public health measures might offer more robust solutions. PMID:25051652

Harvey, Hosea H

2014-01-01

487

FindLaw Constitutional Law Center  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This offering from FindLaw (last discussed in the January 15, 1999 Scout Report) focuses on the US Constitution. The site is composed of two primary sections. The first offers an annotated Constitution, commentary on selected topics with links to key sections of the Constitution or The Federalist Papers, a history of the Constitution, and brief biographies of notable "Founding Fathers" and delegates to the Constitutional Convention. The second section highlights the Third Branch of government, with a history of the Supreme Court, landmark decisions regarding civil rights with the full opinions, a summary and analysis of the criminal law and procedure decisions of the October 1998 Supreme Court Term, and several links for current Supreme Court news and information. Both sections also feature a search engine. Additional resources at the site include a Town Hall section that explores Hot Topics (currently flag burning) and message boards on a wide variety of Constitutional issues.

1994-01-01

488

FUNDING OPPORTUNITIES TO SUPPORT PUBLIC INTEREST AND SOCIAL JUSTICE  

E-print Network

in the social justice arena. For criminal justice, NCIP, directed by Professor Kathleen (Cookie) Ridolfi, worksFUNDING OPPORTUNITIES TO SUPPORT PUBLIC INTEREST AND SOCIAL JUSTICE LAW AT SANTA CLARA UNIVERSITY tradition of supporting public interest, public service, and social justice work. The law school's Center

Schwarz, Thomas

489

Benford's Law in Astronomy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Benford's law predicts the occurrence of the n-th digit of numbers in datasets originating from various sources all over the world, ranging from financial data to atomic spectra. It is intriguing that although many features of Benford's law have been proven, it is still not fully understood mathematically. In this paper we investigate the distances of galaxies and stars by comparing the first, second and third significant digit probabilities with Benford's predictions. It is found that the distances of galaxies follow the first digit law reasonable well, and that the star distances agree very well with the first, second and third significant digit.

Alexopoulos, Theodoros; Leontsinis, Stefanos

2014-07-01

490

Kepler and His Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a set of 7 illustrated web pages discussing Kepler's laws. Included are equations and properties of conic sections, the scale of the solar system, the energy equation for Keplerian motion, Newton's "Universal Gravitation" and derivation of the 3rd law for circular orbits. It is part of the collection "From Stargazers to Starships", with French, Italian and Spanish translations. Four sections have lesson plans (click top right), also provided is the text of a 1-hour talk to teachers on presenting Kepler's laws, with worked examples. No calculus is used.

Stern, David

2004-11-28

491

Ideal Gas Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lab manual contains descriptions of a series of laboratories covering the ideal gas laws and ideal gas processes. These experiments are designed for introductory high school and college introductory physics, chemistry, and engineering courses. Each experiment includes the intended audience, learning goals, and a short introduction to the physics. The experiments include Boyleâs Law, work done in an isothermal process, adiabatic processes, thermodynamic cycles, and the heat capacity of a gas. These labs are designed for an adiabatic gas law apparatus developed at Andrews University.

Kutzner, Mickey; Wong, Peter

2011-11-18

492

International Constitutional Law (ICL)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Hosted by the University of Wuerzburg (Germany), International Constitutional Law (ICL) provides English texts of constitutional documents and links to background information on over seventy countries. Documents are cross-referenced for comparison of constitutional provisions. Also featured are links to Constitutional Court sites, a Model Constitutional Code, a section on German Case Law, a comprehensive list of international organizations, and a strong collection of links to constitutional and international law and constitution sites. The material available at ICL is widely applicable to fields such as political science, international relations, or government, and could be very useful for research projects in both secondary and university classrooms.

1997-01-01

493

C.L.A.S.S. - Classification of Laws Associated with School Students - Actions  

Cancer.gov

Perna FM, Oh A, Chriqui JF, Mâsse LC, Atienza AA, Nebeling L, Agurs-Collins T, Moser RP, Dodd KW. The association of state law to physical education time allocation in US public schools. Am J Public Health.

494

PLSC S286 01 (Su13): Terrorism, Law, Morality Andrew F. March  

E-print Network

's Wrong with Torture?" Philosophy & Public Affairs (2005) 4. Paul Kahn, "Torture and Democratic Violence and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment" : Collective Violence in Criminal Law and War," Philosophy & Public Affairs (2005) 5. David Luban, "What Would

495

Career Education NOW--Model for Career Education Curriculum K-14 for a Rural/Urban School District. Exemplary Project in Vocational Education Conducted under Part D of Public Law 90-576. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lists of project accomplishments and the complete third-party evaluation report constitute the major contents of this final report of a three-year project to assist Bedford County Public Schools (Virginia) in implementation of a model for K-14 career education. Major conclusions reported are these: (1) A comprehensive plan for career development…

Turpin, Jerry P.

496

An Assessment of Texas Guidance and Counseling Practices, Activities, and Services Currently Used in Texas for Compliance with Title II, Part A, Section 204(c) of Public Law 98-524. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A project assessed current counseling activities, services, and programs in grades 7 and 8 that address vocational interest and aptitude assessment for handicapped and disadvantaged students. Staff developed a description of vocational assessment instruments available to public schools and a guide for interpreting and using vocational assessment…

North Texas Univ., Denton.

497

The LSU Law Center -- Canada Bijuralism Conference. Introduction: Global Law and the Law School Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduces papers from a conference focused on the bijural programs of Louisiana State University Law Center and McGill University Faculty of Law. The programs educate all first-degree law students in both the common law and civil law traditions, preparing them for the increasing globalization of legal practice. (EV)

Costonis, John J.

2002-01-01

498

Distracted Driving Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... here. For more information, consult the appropriate State Highway Safety Office . State Hand-held Ban All Cell ... driving in a school zone or in a highway construction zone. This law is secondarily enforced. 2 ...

499

What Are Newton's Laws?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Through a series of three lessons and one activity, students are introduced to inertia, forces and Newton's three laws of motion. For each lesson, a combination of class demonstrations and PowerPoint® presentations are used to explain, show and relate the concepts to engineering. Lesson 1 starts with inertia, forces and Newton's first law of motion. Lesson 2 builds on lesson 1 with s review and then introduces Newton's second law of motion. Lesson 3 builds on the previous two lessons with a review and then introduces Newton's third law of motion. In a culminating activity, students apply their knowledge of forces, friction, acceleration and gravity in an experiment to measure the average acceleration of a textbook pulled along a table by varying weights, and then test the effects of friction on different surfaces.

RESOURCE GK-12 Program, College of Engineering,

500

Causal Newton Gravity Law  

E-print Network

The equations of the relativistic causal Newton gravity law for the planets of the solar system are studied in the approximation when the Sun rests at the coordinates origin and the planets do not iteract between each other.

Yury M. Zinoviev

2012-01-17