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1

PUBLICATIONS Law Review Articles  

E-print Network

. L. Rev. 853 (1996). Other Publications New York's Solitary Confinement Reforms May Spark Larger Discussion, JURIST - Forum, Mar. 5 2014, http://jurist.org/forum/2014/03/steven-zeidman-solitary-confinement

Rosen, Jay

2

A Review of Model Public Health Laws  

PubMed Central

Model public health laws (public health laws or private policies publicly recommended by at least 1 organization for adoption by government bodies or by specified private entities) are promoted as exemplary. We assessed the information sponsors of model public health laws provide on the methods used in developing their models and on their models’ adoption and effectiveness. Through a systematic search, we identified 107 model public health laws published from 1907 to 2004. As of our assessment in 2005, only 18 (44%) of the sponsors presented any information on the procedures and evidence used in developing their model public health laws; information on adoption was provided for only 7 (6.5%) model laws. No sponsors provided information on model effectiveness. We recommend sponsors improve their disclosure of information about the methods and evidence used in developing model public health laws and about their adoption and effectiveness. PMID:17413072

Hartsfield, DeKeely; Moulton, Anthony D.; McKie, Karen L.

2007-01-01

3

Right of publicity in Scots law   

E-print Network

This thesis examines publicity exploitation in practice and the possible legal response of Scots law to that exploitation. It argues that the common law in Scotland is not capable of providing a coherent and principled ...

Black, Gillian

2009-06-30

4

82 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 90-483-AUG. 13, 1968 Public Law 90-483  

E-print Network

. The provisions of section 1 of the River and Harbor Act approved March 2, 1945 (Public Law Numbered 14, Seventy,042,000; Mouth of the Colorado River, Texa.s: Senate Document Numbered 102, Ninetieth Congress, at an estimated82 STAT. ] PUBLIC LAW 90-483-AUG. 13, 1968 Public Law 90-483 731 AN ACT August 13. 1968 Authorizing

US Army Corps of Engineers

5

110 STAT. 3559PUBLIC LAW 104297--OCT. 11, 1996 Public Law 104297  

E-print Network

110 STAT. 3559PUBLIC LAW 104­297--OCT. 11, 1996 Public Law 104­297 104th Congress An Act To amend Fisheries Act. Oct. 11, 1996 [S. 39] #12;110 STAT. 3560 PUBLIC LAW 104­297--OCT. 11, 1996 Sec. 402 fisheries amendments. Sec. 405. Technical amendments to maritime boundary agreement. Sec. 406. Amendments

6

Weapons of Mass Destruction & Public International Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) into the hands of rogue dictators and terrorists has brought a sea change in strategic international relations, and is accelerating the necessity of public international law to protect humanity. Traditional balances of power have little force left to deter WMD. Major powers must seriously revamp and proactively exploit public international law, and,

Michael Donlan

2005-01-01

7

Introduction to Public International Law Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Aspiring lawyers and academics hoping to peer into the world of public international law will be glad to learn about this site. Authored by lawyer and researcher Vicenc Feliu, this introduction to public international law research is offered up as part of the Hauser Global Law School Program at New York University's Law School. Published in May/June 2008, this thorough introduction includes a host of information about online and offline resources that will come in handy. After reading the introduction, visitors can browse around sections that offer up material on treaties, case law, and relevant journals. Along the way, visitors will also learn about the major players in public international law, such as the United Nations, the Council of Europe, and the European Union. Overall, this site is indispensable, and visitors with an interest in this area will want to tell their colleagues and friends about it.

Feli�º, Vicen�§

2008-01-01

8

International environmental law and global public health.  

PubMed Central

The environment continues to be a source of ill-health for many people, particularly in developing countries. International environmental law offers a viable strategy for enhancing public health through the promotion of increased awareness of the linkages between health and environment, mobilization of technical and financial resources, strengthening of research and monitoring, enforcement of health-related standards, and promotion of global cooperation. An enhanced capacity to utilize international environmental law could lead to significant worldwide gains in public health. PMID:12571726

Schirnding, Yasmin von; Onzivu, William; Adede, Andronico O.

2002-01-01

9

Law Students Practice in Public.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The glass walls and observation lounge of Hamline University Law Center's moot court allow passersby to glimpse the action day or night. Faculty offices, secretarial spaces, and several student organizations are housed on the second floor. The brick and masonry exterior was designed to fit in with other campus buildings. (Author/MLF)

American School and University, 1981

1981-01-01

10

Nurse Reinvestment Act. Public Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the text of the Nurse Reinvestment Act, which amends the Public Health Service Act to address the increasing shortage of registered nurses by instituting a series of policies to improve nurse recruitment and nurse retention. Title I details two initiatives to boost recruitment of nurses. The first initiative includes the…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

11

Legislating tolerance: Spain's national public smoking law.  

PubMed

While Spain's national tobacco control legislation prohibits smoking in many indoor public places, the law provides for an exception to the prohibition of smoking by allowing separate seating sections and ventilation options in certain public places such as bars and restaurants, hotels and airports. Accordingly, Spain's law is not aligned with Article 8 Guidelines of the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, which requires parties to ensure universal protection against secondhand smoke exposure in all enclosed public places, workplaces and on all means of public transport. Spain's law is currently being promoted by the tobacco companies in other countries as a model for smoke-free legislation. In order to prevent weakening of smoke-free laws in other countries through industry-supported exceptions, we investigated the tactics used by the tobacco companies before the implementation of the new law and assessed the consequences of these actions in the hospitality sector. Internal tobacco industry documents made public through US litigation settlements dating back to the 1980s were searched in 2008-9. Documents show that tobacco companies sought to protect hospitality venues from smoking restrictions by promoting separate seating for smokers and ineffective ventilation technologies, supporting an unenforceable voluntary agreement between the Madrid local government and the hospitality industry, influencing ventilation standards setting and manipulating Spanish media. The Spanish National Assembly should adopt comprehensive smoke-free legislation that does not accommodate the interests of the tobacco industry. In doing so, Spain's smoke-free public places law would be better aligned with the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. PMID:19850551

Muggli, Monique E; Lockhart, Nikki J; Ebbert, Jon O; Jiménez-Ruiz, Carlos A; Riesco Miranda, Juan Antonio; Hurt, Richard D

2010-02-01

12

Globalization of public health law and ethics.  

PubMed

The Constitution of the World Health Organization (1946) states that the "enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction of race, religion, political belief, economic or social position." The international legal framework for this right was laid by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and reaffirmed in the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (1966) and the Declaration of Alma-Ata (1978). In recent years, the framework has been developed on 10 key elements: national and international human rights, laws, norms, and standards; resource constraints and progressive realization; obligations of immediate effect; freedoms and entitlements; available, accessible, acceptable, and good quality; respect, protect, and fulfill; non-discrimination, equality, and vulnerability; active and informed participation; international assistance and cooperation; and monitoring and accountability. Whereas public health law plays an essential role in the protection and promotion of the right to health, the emergence of SARS (2003) highlighted the urgent need to reform national public health laws and international obligations relating to public health in order to meet the new realities of a globalized world, leading to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (2003) and the revision of the WHO International Health Regulations (2005). The Asian Institute for Bioethics and Health Law, in conjunction with the Republic of Korea's Ministry of Health and Welfare and the WHO International Digest of Health Legislation, conducted a comparative legal analysis of national public health laws in various countries through a project entitled Domestic Profiles of Public/Population Health Legislation (2006), which underscored the importance of recognizing the political and social contexts of distinct legal cultures, including Western, Asian, Islamic, and African. PMID:23093515

Sohn, Myongsei

2012-09-01

13

A Theory and Definition of Public Health Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The literature, both academic and judicial, on the intersection of law and health is pervasive. The subject of law and health is widely taught, practiced, and analyzed. The fields that characterize these branches of study are called health law, health care law, law and medicine, forensic medicine, and public health law. Do these names imply different disciplines, each with a

Lawrence O. Gostin

2008-01-01

14

A Look at the Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security Cluster  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A month after the 9/11 terrorist attack in 2001, an advisory group met in Little Rock, Arkansas, to begin the development of the Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security (LPSCS) career cluster. At that time there were five pathways of what was then called the Law and Public Safety cluster--fire and emergency services, law enforcement,…

Coffee, Joseph N.

2008-01-01

15

Making the Case for Laws That Improve Health: A Framework for Public Health Law Research  

PubMed Central

Context: Public health law has received considerable attention in recent years and has become an essential field in public health. Public health law research, however, has received less attention. Methods: Expert commentary. Findings: This article explores public health law research, defined as the scientific study of the relation of law and legal practices to population health. The article offers a logic model of public health law research and a typology of approaches to studying the effects of law on public health. Research on the content and prevalence of public health laws, processes of adopting and implementing laws, and the extent to which and mechanisms through which law affects health outcomes can use methods drawn from epidemiology, economics, sociology, and other disciplines. The maturation of public health law research as a field depends on methodological rigor, adequate research funding, access to appropriate data sources, and policymakers’ use of research findings. Conclusions: Public health law research is a young field but holds great promise for supporting evidence-based policymaking that will improve population health. PMID:20579282

Burris, Scott; Wagenaar, Alexander C; Swanson, Jeffrey; Ibrahim, Jennifer K; Wood, Jennifer; Mello, Michelle M

2010-01-01

16

PUBLIC LANDS AND NATURAL RESOURCES LAW PROFESSOR BIBER LAW 273.3 SPRING 2009  

E-print Network

PUBLIC LANDS AND NATURAL RESOURCES LAW PROFESSOR BIBER LAW 273.3 SPRING 2009 Handout #2 ­ 1/12/09 SYLLABUS The casebook for this course is Klein, Cheever, Birdsong, Natural Resources Law: A Place is 643-5647. My e-mail is ebiber@law.berkeley.edu. I am available to talk with you after every class

Kammen, Daniel M.

17

Public Law 101-301: Implementation Procedures Informational Brochure.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides information on implementation procedures of Public Law 101-301, which amends Public Law 100-297 (Hawkins Stafford Act 1988). P.L. 101-301 permits tribes and authorized tribal grant schools to request that Congressionally appropriated funds for facilities operation and maintenance, including construction funds for elementary…

Bureau of Indian Affairs (Dept. of Interior), Washington, DC. Office of Indian Education Programs.

18

A Career Cluster in Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a program at Great Plains Technology Center that is not only serving its community's needs but it is also serving as a national pilot site. When Oklahoma's Great Plains Technology Center began developing its Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security Cluster in 2003, the National Partnership for Careers in Law, Public

Reese, Susan

2007-01-01

19

Coded Statutory Data Sets for Evaluation of Public Health Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background and objectives: The evaluation of public health law requires reliable accounts of underlying statutes and regulations. States often enact public health-related statutes with nonuniform provisions, and variation in the structure of state legal codes can foster inaccuracy in evaluating the impact of specific categories of law. The optimal…

Costich, Julia Field

2012-01-01

20

32 CFR 644.419 - Public Law 87-852 easements.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 true Public Law 87-852 easements. 644...Interests § 644.419 Public Law 87-852 easements. Public Law 87-852, approved 23...other purposes on terms and considerations deemed necessary to...

2010-07-01

21

Critical opportunities for public health law: a call for action.  

PubMed

Although legal interventions are responsible for many sentinel public health achievements, law is underutilized as a tool for advancing population health. Our purpose was to identify critical opportunities for public health lawmaking. We articulated key criteria and illustrated their use with 5 examples. These opportunities involve significant health problems that are potentially amenable to change through law and for which an effective legal intervention is available: optimizing graduated driver licensing laws, increasing tax rates on alcoholic beverages, regulating sodium in foods, enacting laws to facilitate reversal of opioid overdoses, and improving mental health interventions in the college setting. We call for a national conversation about critical opportunities for public health law to advance evidence-based policymaking. PMID:24028265

Mello, Michelle M; Wood, Jennifer; Burris, Scott; Wagenaar, Alexander C; Ibrahim, Jennifer K; Swanson, Jeffrey W

2013-11-01

22

School Discipline and Public Law 94-142.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of practitioner-oriented newsletters, the document provides elementary school principals with information about school discipline and Public Law 94-142 (The Education for All Handicapped Children Act and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973). Focusing on the impact of this law on general education classroom teachers and…

Here's How, 1983

1983-01-01

23

Chapter Two The Reshaping of Australian Public Service Employment Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a bundle of components constituting the legal regulation of public sector employment. To a large e xtent, these are the same components that regulate private sector employment: contract (both express and implied terms), awards and agreements made under industrial\\/workplace relations legislation, other specialist and general statutes (for example, occupational health and safety, and anti-discrimination laws), and general law

24

The criminal contract. The legal relationship with the Public Prosecution in the interface of public and private law  

E-print Network

the adminis- tration of criminal justice. Although criminal law is characterized by the unilateral exercise Prosecution's task in law enforcement, with an eye on the public law character of criminal law? How does that are inspired by civil contract law by the Public Prosecution and is classical criminal law therewith

van den Brink, Jeroen

25

FindLaw for the Public  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One of the most comprehensive legal resources on the Internet, Findlaw (described in the February 23, 1996 Scout Report) offers this resource center for consumers. In the Consumer Law Center, users will find thousands of consumer-focused articles and resources in a number of different categories, such as Banking, Credit, Discrimination, Estate Planning, Family Law, Government Benefits, Health and Medicine, Intellectual Property, Investments, Labor & Employment, Personal Injury, Landlord/ Tenant & Real Estate, and many others. The Consumer Center also offers contact information for national consumer organizations, better business bureaus, corporations, trade associations and related organizations, as well as tips and guidance on filing effective consumer complaints. In addition, the site provides information on the process of hiring a lawyer and using lawyers to settle disputes or claims.

26

Moving from Intersection to Integration: Public Health Law Research and Public Health Systems and Services Research  

PubMed Central

Context For three decades, experts have been stressing the importance of law to the effective operation of public health systems. Most recently, in a 2011 report, the Institute of Medicine recommended a review of state and local public health laws to ensure appropriate authority for public health agencies; adequate access to legal counsel for public health agencies; evaluations of the health effects and costs associated with legislation, regulations, and policies; and enhancement of research methods to assess the strength of evidence regarding the health effects of public policies. These recommendations, and the continued interest in law as a determinant of health system performance, speak to the need for integrating the emerging fields of Public Health Law Research (PHLR) and Public Health Systems and Services Research (PHSSR). Methods Expert commentary. Findings This article sets out a unified framework for the two fields and a shared research agenda built around three broad inquiries: (1) the structural role of law in shaping the organization, powers, prerogatives, duties, and limitations of public health agencies and thereby their functioning and ultimately their impact on public health (“infrastructure”); (2) the mechanisms through which public health system characteristics influence the implementation of interventional public health laws (“implementation”); and (3) the individual and system characteristics that influence the ability of public health systems and their community partners to develop and secure enactment of legal initiatives to advance public health (“innovation”). Research to date has laid a foundation of evidence, but progress requires better and more accessible data, a new generation of researchers comfortable in both law and health research, and more rigorous methods. Conclusions The routine integration of law as a salient factor in broader PHSSR studies of public health system functioning and health outcomes will enhance the usefulness of research in supporting practice and the long-term improvement of system performance. PMID:22709392

Burris, Scott; Mays, Glen P; Douglas Scutchfield, F; Ibrahim, Jennifer K

2012-01-01

27

Georgetown Law: Center on Poverty, Inequality and Public Policy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Law Center of Georgetown and the Georgetown Public Policy Institute have teamed up to assist policymakers, lawmakers, researchers, and others to effectively address poverty and inequality as a function of public policy. Their website allows anyone to read publications by the Center's esteemed thinkers. In the "Current Projects" link on the menu of the left side of any page, visitors can read the center's Youth Policy, Low-Income Tax Policy, and Cross-Cutting Policy Poverty Initiatives.

28

PUBLIC ACCESS TO NIH It's the Law  

E-print Network

raised exponentially · Copyright more stringent · Most hospitals could no longer afford them #12;ACCESSMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication a specific final published article in PubMed Central. Method C: Deposit the final peer-reviewed manuscript

Oliver, Douglas L.

29

The Effect of Public Disclosure Laws on Biomedical Research  

PubMed Central

The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and state ‘open-records’ laws govern access to records in the possession of federal agencies and state entities, such as public universities. Although these laws are intended to promote ‘open government’ and to assure the existence of an informed citizenry capable of holding government officials accountable for their decisions, an inherent tension exists between the public's access to information and biomedical research institutions’ need to ensure the confidentiality of proprietary records and to protect the personal safety of employees. Recognizing these and other conflicts, the federal FOIA and state public-disclosure laws contain express exemptions to protect sensitive information from disclosure. Although some state open-records laws are modeled after the federal FOIA, important differences exist based on the language used by the state law, court interpretations, and exemptions. Two specific types of exemptions are particularly relevant to research facilities: exemptions for research information and exemptions for personal information. Responding to FOIA and state open-records requests requires knowledge of relevant laws and the involvement of all interested parties to facilitate a coordinated and orderly response. PMID:22776187

Cardon, Andrew D; Bailey, Matthew R; Bennett, B Taylor

2012-01-01

30

Information Policy: Public Laws from the 95th Congress.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation of abstracts provides brief descriptions of the 74 new public laws relating to computers and information policy that were enacted during the 95th Congress. Each of these bills is concerned with information, although the diverse subject matter--e.g., energy and clean water, food and health, foreign investments, ethics in…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on House Administration.

31

Privatising the Public University: The Case of Law  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Privatising the Public University: The Case of Law" is the first full-length critical study examining the impact of the dramatic reforms that have swept through universities over the last two decades. Drawing on extensive research and interviews in Australia, New Zealand, the UK and Canada, Margaret Thornton considers the impact of the market on…

Thornton, Margaret

2011-01-01

32

USACE Disaster Operations Public Law 84-99  

E-print Network

conditions (Engineering Regulation 500-1-1 provides specific details). All flood fight efforts require to prevent or reduce flood damage conditions of imminent threat of unusual flooding. · Rehabilitation: UnderUSACE Disaster Operations Public Law 84-99 - Flood Control and Coastal Emergency Act (PL 84

US Army Corps of Engineers

33

Development of Systematic Knowledge Management for Public Health: A Public Health Law Ontology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Institute of Medicine has stated that legal structures and the authority vested in health agencies and other partners within the public health system are essential to improving the public's health. Variation between the laws of different jurisdictions within the United States allows for natural experimentation and research into their…

Keeling, Jonathan

2012-01-01

34

Weather Modification Decision Making: State Law and Public Response  

Microsoft Academic Search

A three-year sociological study has focused on a comparison of public response and decision-making processes with reference to weather modification projects in a number of states. Weather modification is currently subject to legislative regulation in 29 states. Selected characteristics of these state laws are examined as relevant aspects of decision-making contexts for the technology. Existence of such legislative specifications as

Barbara C. Farhar; Julia Mewes

1975-01-01

35

Public Health Law and the Prevention and Control of Obesity  

PubMed Central

Context: Obesity constitutes a major public health challenge in the United States. Obesogenic environments have increased owing to the consumption of calorie-dense foods of low nutritional value and the reduction of daily physical activity (e.g., increased portion sizes of meals eaten in and out of the home and fewer physical activity requirements in schools). Policymakers and public health practitioners need to know the best practices and have the competencies to use laws and legal authorities to reverse the obesity epidemic. For instance, statutes and regulations at the federal, state, and local levels of government have been implemented to improve nutritional choices and access to healthy foods, encourage physical activity, and educate consumers about adopting healthy lifestyles. Methods: In an effort to understand the application of laws and legal authorities for obesity prevention and control, in June 2008 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention convened the National Summit on Legal Preparedness for Obesity Prevention and Control. An outcome of this summit will be the publication of the proceeding's white papers written by eight law and subject-matter experts with substantive contributions from summit participants, which will identify actionable options that sectors and organizations at various jurisdictional levels can consider adopting. Findings: Law has played a critical role in the control of chronic diseases and the behaviors that lead to them. The use of a systematic legal framework—the use of legislation, regulation, and policy to address the multiple factors that contribute to obesogenic environments—can assist in the development, implementation, and evaluation of a variety of legal approaches for obesity prevention and control. Conclusions: Although public health–focused legal interventions are in an early stage and the direct and indirect impact they may have on the obesity epidemic is not yet understood, efforts such as the summit and white papers should help determine potentially viable legal interventions and assess their impact on population-level change. PMID:19298421

Dietz, William H; Benken, Donald E; Hunter, Alicia S

2009-01-01

36

Major trends in public health law and practice: a network national report.  

PubMed

Since its inception in September 2010, the Network for Public Health Law has responded to hundreds of public health legal technical assistance claims from around the country. Based on a review of these data, a series of major trends in public health practice and the law are analyzed, including issues concerning: the Affordable Care Act, tobacco control, emergency legal preparedness, health information privacy, food policy, vaccination, drug overdose prevention, sports injury law, public health accreditation, and maternal breastfeeding. These and other emerging themes in public health law demonstrate the essential role of law and practice in advancing the public's health. PMID:24088165

Hodge, James G; Barraza, Leila; Bernstein, Jennifer; Chu, Courtney; Collmer, Veda; Davis, Corey; Griest, Megan M; Hammer, Monica S; Krueger, Jill; Lowrey, Kerri McGowan; Orenstein, Daniel G

2013-01-01

37

78 FR 5703 - Delegation of Certain Functions Under Section 6 of Public Law 112-150  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Functions Under Section 6 of Public Law 112-150 Presidential Documents Federal Register...Functions Under Section 6 of Public Law 112-150 Memorandum for the Secretary of State By...and (b) of section 6 of Public Law 112-150. You will exercise these functions in...

2013-01-25

38

75 FR 27855 - Certifications Pursuant to Section 609 of Public Law 101-162  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Certifications Pursuant to Section 609 of Public Law 101-162 SUMMARY: On April 30, 2010...certified, pursuant to Section 609 of Public Law 101-162 (``Section 609''), that...SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section 609 of Public Law 101-162 prohibits imports of certain...

2010-05-18

39

75 FR 33421 - Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Quality Control Provisions of Title IV of Public Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Title IV of Public Law 107-171'' published on October 16, 2003, and a proposed...Title IV of Public Law 107-171'' published on September 23, 2005. The Food Stamp...Title IV of Public Law 107- 171'' published on October 16, 2003, at 68 FR...

2010-06-11

40

PROGRAMME SPECIFICATION POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMMES Programme name Public International Law  

E-print Network

in International Law and Globalisation LLM in International Criminal Law and Justice LLM in International Law Law and the Global Economy International Human Rights in Law and Practice International Criminal Law and Justice International Criminal Law 1: Institutions and Structures International Criminal Law 2: Crimes

Weyde, Tillman

41

Community experiments in public health law and policy.  

PubMed

Community-level legal and policy innovations or "experiments" can be important levers to improve health. States and localities are empowered through the 10th Amendment of the United States Constitution to use their police powers to protect the health and welfare of the public. This article describes innovative approaches to public health law and policy from Minneapolis and New Orleans, communities who have been honored by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) for addressing health by focusing not solely on health care access and quality, but the wider environment, including transforming neighborhoods, schools, and businesses and addressing inequities. Specifically, this article discusses examples of how these cities have used public health legal and policy approaches and novel partnerships to promote healthy eating and active living, reduce exposure to secondhand smoke, and prevent violence. PMID:25846155

McGowan, Angela K; Musicant, Gretchen G; Williams, Sharonda R; Niehaus, Virginia R

2015-03-01

42

RAVE: Research of Articles and Decisions in Public International Law and European Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Sponsored by the Ministry of Sciences and Research of the Land of Northrhine-Westphalia (Germany) and the Paul-Mikat-Foundation, Dusseldorf (Germany), this site contains bibliographic citations to over 4,000 pertinent articles and decisions. RAVE is composed of two main sections: Public International Law and European Law. Citations are available from the early 1990's and can be browsed or searched via an Excite engine. A systematic index is available for browsing, as is an alphabetical one (although the latter is unfortunately not hyperlinked). A list of periodicals and abbreviations is also provided. Users can opt to view the site in English, French, or German with citations given in the language of their origin. Hyperlinks to decisions or documents are provided when available.

1998-01-01

43

75 FR 17988 - Certifications Pursuant to Section 609 of Public Law 101-162  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Certifications Pursuant to Section 609 of Public Law 101-162 SUMMARY: On March 24, 2010...certification under United States Public Law 101-162, Section 609, because Mexico's...consistent with the requirements of U.S. law. DATES: Effective Date: On...

2010-04-08

44

12 CFR 590.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 590.100 Section 590.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 590.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The Office continues to...

2011-01-01

45

12 CFR 590.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 590.100 Section 590.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 590.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The Office continues to...

2010-01-01

46

75 FR 16225 - Certifications Pursuant to Section 609 of Public Law 101-162  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Certifications Pursuant to Section 609 of Public Law 101-162 SUMMARY: On March 24, 2010...certification under United States Public Law 101-162, Section 609, because Mexico's...consistent with the requirements of U.S. law. DATES: Effective Date: On...

2010-03-31

47

3 CFR - Presidential Determination on the Delegation of Certifications Under Section 1512 of Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Under Section 1512 of Public Law 105-261 Presidential Documents...Under Section 1512 of Public Law 105-261 Memorandum for the Secretary of Commerce By virtue of the authority...by the Constitution and the laws of the United States...

2010-01-01

48

12 CFR 190.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 190.100 Section 190.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 190.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The OCC continues to...

2014-01-01

49

12 CFR 590.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 590.100 Section 590.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 590.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The Office continues to...

2012-01-01

50

12 CFR 590.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 590.100 Section 590.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 590.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The Office continues to...

2013-01-01

51

12 CFR 190.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 190.100 Section 190.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 190.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The OCC continues to...

2013-01-01

52

12 CFR 590.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 590.100 Section 590.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 590.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The Office continues to...

2014-01-01

53

12 CFR 190.100 - Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. 190.100 Section 190.100...THE TREASURY PREEMPTION OF STATE USURY LAWS § 190.100 Status of Interpretations issued under Public Law 96-161. The OCC continues to...

2012-01-01

54

78 FR 64260 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting on...Adviser for Private International Law, Department of State, gives...cross-border insolvency issues under consideration in the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL). The public...

2013-10-28

55

Public-Place Smoking Laws and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Current Draft: November 2010  

E-print Network

Public-Place Smoking Laws and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) 1 Current Draft: November 2010 Public-Place Smoking Laws and Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Christopher Carpenter*, Sabina Postolek, and Casey Warman ABSTRACT Public-place smoking restrictions are the most

Silver, Whendee

56

Public health law in India: a framework for its application as a tool for social change.  

PubMed

Public health law focuses on the nexus between law, public health and the legal tools applicable to public health issues. Though there have been consistent interventions to address public health concerns in the past, there exists a need for a contemporary framework to appropriately use modern legal tools for complex health challenges. We identify a checklist of imperative indicators to assess whether public health legislations would be an effective form of intervention to bring about the desired social change. PMID:20120996

Hazarika, S; Yadav, A; Reddy, K S; Prabhakaran, D; Jafar, T H; Narayan, K M Venkat

2009-01-01

57

Law Schools Expect a Record Number of Applicants, but Interest in Public-Service Jobs May Be Waning.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decline in interest and employment in public-interest law may be due to cuts in legal services funding, heightened recruiting by private firms, mounting law student debt burdens, growing salary disparities in public-interest and corporate law, inadequate curricular attention to public-interest issues, and private law firm prestige. (MSE)

Mangan, Katherine S.

1989-01-01

58

Why People Obey the Law: Experimental Evidence from the Provision of Public Goods  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to economists, severe legal sanctions deter violations of the law. According to legal scholars, people may obey law backed by mild sanctions because of norm-activation. We experimentally investigate the effects of mild and severe legal sanctions in the provision of public goods. The results show that severe sanctions almost perfectly deter free-riding. However, people also obey law backed by

Lars P. Feld; Jean-Robert Tyran

2002-01-01

59

Labor Law: Sympathy Strikes Under the Minnesota Public Employment Relations Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers the language and objectives of Minnesota law and concludes that a complete prohibition of sympathy strikes will frustrate the law's goal--minimizing public employee labor disputes by equalizing the bargaining strength of employers and employees. Available from University of Minnesota Law School, 229 19th Avenue South, Minneapolis, MN…

Minnesota Law Review, 1979

1979-01-01

60

Public Smoking Bans, Youth Access Laws, and Cigarette Sales at Vending Machines  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tobacco control policies have proliferated in many countries in recent years, in particular youth access laws and public smoking bans. The eff ectiveness of youth access laws is still disputed, however, as are the costs of public smoking bans to the hospitality industry. Using a unique data set on cigarette sales at more than 100k vending machines that provides fi

Michael Kvasnicka

2010-01-01

61

Entitlements for Federally Affected School Districts Under Public Laws 874 and 815: Case Studies. Volume II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public laws 874 and 815 are intended to help relieve the financial burdens imposed on public school districts as a result of the tax-exempt nature of federal property. Where volume 1 presented a broad statistical analysis of the impact of P.L. 874 and 815 in 54 school districts, this volume contains indepth case studies of the laws' effects in…

Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, CA.

62

Health Professions Education Partnerships Act of 1998. Public Law 105-392.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the full text of Public Law 105-392, the Health Professions Partnerships Act of 1998, a law which amends the Public Health Service Act to consolidate and reauthorize health professions and minority and disadvantaged health education programs. Title I concerns health professions education and financial assistance programs.…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC.

63

The overlap between public health and law enforcement: sharing tools and data to foster healthier communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Law enforcement and public health agencies have much in common. Both seek to improve their communities' health and safety. Both analyze data to identify problems and measure results. Both share an interest in eradicating certain social ills, such as violence. And law enforcement has increasingly begun to adopt strategies long associated with public health, such as collaboration and community engagement.

Robert V. Wolf

2012-01-01

64

Be aware of the University's social and public role Comply with the law  

E-print Network

Be aware of the University's social and public role Comply with the law Respect human rights Act Scenario "FOREST 2015" includes compliance targets to be attained. Ensure that all members of the University of Tokyo are aware of the University's social and public role, comply with the law, respect human

Katsumoto, Shingo

65

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. 553.213 Section...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. (a) Some...

2010-07-01

66

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. 553.213 Section...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. (a) Some...

2011-07-01

67

76 FR 49504 - Intent To Request Renewal From OMB of One Current Public Collection of Information: Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...One Current Public Collection of Information: Law Enforcement Officer Flying Armed Training AGENCY...of a database of all Federal, State and local law enforcement agencies that have received the Law Enforcement Officer (LEO) Flying Armed...

2011-08-10

68

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. 553.213 Section...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. (a) Some...

2014-07-01

69

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. 553.213 Section...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. (a) Some...

2012-07-01

70

29 CFR 553.213 - Public agency employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. 553.213 Section...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies...employees engaged in both fire protection and law enforcement activities. (a) Some...

2013-07-01

71

Criminal Law and Public Health Practice: Are the Canadian HIV Disclosure Laws an Effective HIV Prevention Strategy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last few years, the number of people living with HIV who have been convicted for not disclosing their HIV status\\u000a to sexual partners in Canada has been steadily increasing. Whilst these laws are criminal in nature, and not public health-based,\\u000a it is important to examine their effect on public health HIV prevention efforts. To undertake such an analysis,

Patrick O’Byrne

72

78 FR 70075 - Notice of Permit Applications Received Under the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978 (Public Law...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Permit Applications Received Under the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978 (Public Law...Permit Applications Received under the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978, Public Law...conduct activities regulated under the Antarctic Conservation Act of 1978. NSF has...

2013-11-22

73

Anti-SLAPP Laws: A Legal Development Publications Advisers Can Utilize to Bolster Support for Freedom of the Student Press.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains a type of lawsuit called a Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation (SLAPP) action. Notes that a number of states have passed anti-SLAPP laws. Contends that this development in libel law is relevant to student publications advisers. (PM)

Martinson, David L.

2003-01-01

74

76 FR 59157 - Public Land Order No. 7783; Extension of Withdrawal Created by Subtitle A of Public Law 104-201; CO  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Withdrawal Created by Subtitle A of Public Law 104-201; CO AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management...withdrawal created by Subtitle A of Public Law 104-201 for an additional 15-year period. Subtitle A of Public Law 104-201 withdrew 3,133 acres of...

2011-09-23

75

Chinese Practice in Public International Law: 2007 (II)†  

Microsoft Academic Search

This part of the Survey covers materials reflecting Chinese practice in 2007 relating to VII. International Human Rights Law (Rule of Law at the National Level; Right of Self-Determination of Peoples; Racial Discrimination; Death Penalty; Re-education through Labour; Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; Women's Rights; Rights of the Child; Rights of the Older Persons; Dialogue on Human Rights; Human Rights

Lijiang ZHU

2008-01-01

76

A variety of law schools write to the UTA Pre-Law program. The following links take students to specific law school newsletters and other publications that describe financial aid opportunities, fee waivers, and special programs.  

E-print Network

A variety of law schools write to the UTA Pre-Law program. The following links take students to specific law school newsletters and other publications that describe financial aid opportunities, fee waivers, and special programs. University of Nebraska School of Law Nebraska Law has very reasonable

Huang, Haiying

77

75 FR 58423 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102-477...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project; Request...information for the Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. The information...1076-0135, Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. This...

2010-09-24

78

78 FR 49282 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting Systems for Public Law 102-477...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection for Reporting Systems for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project AGENCY...information for the Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project authorized...1076-0135, Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. This...

2013-08-13

79

75 FR 26978 - Renewal of Agency Information Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102-477...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Collection for Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project; Request...information for the Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. The information...1076-0135, Reporting System for Public Law 102-477 Demonstration Project. This...

2010-05-13

80

Chinese Practice in Public International Law: 2006 (II)1  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractContinued from Part I published earlier this year, this part of the survey covers materials reflecting Chinese practice in 2006 relating to: Fundamental principles of international law (Section IV; territorial integrity, including Taiwan issue and Tibet issue, non-interference of internal affairs and friendly co-operation); International law of recognition (Section V; recognition of States and governments); International peace and security (Section

Lijiang ZHU

2007-01-01

81

78 FR 70097 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BEE; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BEE; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel BEE is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Skippered day...

2013-11-22

82

Public health law and disaster medicine: understanding the legal environment.  

PubMed

Disaster medicine specialists, policy makers, and the public often feel frustrated when they encounter the complex legal framework that surrounds public health emergencies and disasters. Such a framework is particularly difficult to understand when one considers that the federal government has no express powers over public health or disaster management. In fact, under the US Constitution, the states, rather than the federal government, possess public health governance. Although public health sovereignty formally resides within the states, and notwithstanding the federal government's lack of express constitutional powers over public health crises and disaster management, the federal government has gradually taken on a greater leadership role in managing public health emergencies. In order to clarify the state and federal responsibilities surrounding public health emergencies and disasters, this article explores necessary and pertinent legal topics. These topics include public health duties, public health disasters, state sovereignty, governmental coercion, de facto constitutional empowerment, separation of powers, limited powers, federalism, state police powers, general and federal declarations of emergencies, the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act (MSEHPA), and public health and national security. PMID:18271154

Gionis, Thomas A; Wecht, Cyril; Marshall, Lewis W

2007-01-01

83

Health Policy and Cost Containment Laws: Lessons for Public Health Education in Social and Behavioral Change  

Microsoft Academic Search

As an extension of a contribution by Health Policy and Law to Public Health Education in areas of mutual concern, a descriptive model of cost containment policy in health care delivery is developed. The model starts from the basis of a typology of key Congressional enactments promoting economically motivated policymaking in the Medicare and Medicaid programs. These policies and laws

Jose Joel Garcia

1986-01-01

84

CAVEAT EMPTOR: Individualism versus the "Common Good" in the Public Laws of Antebellum America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the development and growth of public law in the United States during the industrial and technological revolution which followed the Revolutionary War. Examines how these new laws, combined with a spirit of individualism, created a harsh environment in which men were treated as free-willed, self-reliant, risk- and responsibility-taking…

Pleasant, Deborah L.

1988-01-01

85

Human nature, tradition and law: a Burkean perspective in public administration  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article introduces Edmund Burke’s world-view and its implications for public administration. From Burke’s idea about human nature, tradition, law and representation, it has been argued that in a Burkean world, administrative discretion is essential and inevitable. By using their discretionary power, Burke emphasized that public administrators as virtual representatives will meet the ends of the law made by elected

Akhlaque U. Haque

1997-01-01

86

School Law for Public, Private, and Parochial Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Here is a book to serve educators from all types of schools in either pre-service or professional development that is designed as a text for master's and licensure (post-master's) level. This book covers all the relevant issues in school law: (1) The legal system; (2) The federal and state role in education; (3) Church-state relationships; (4)…

Bradley, Leo H.

2005-01-01

87

Legal and Public Health Considerations Affecting the Success, Reach, and Impact of Menu-Labeling Laws  

PubMed Central

Because the rate of consumption of away-from-home meals has increased dramatically, the distinction between requiring nutrition information for packaged but not restaurant products is no longer reasonable. Public health necessitates that nutrition labels must be included with restaurant menus as a strategy to educate consumers and address the escalation of obesity. Menu-labeling laws are being considered at the local, state, and federal levels, but the restaurant industry opposes such action. We discuss the public health rationale and set forth the government’s legal authority for the enactment of menu-labeling laws. We further aim to educate the public health community of the potential legal challenges to such laws, and we set forth methods for governments to survive these challenges by drafting laws according to current legal standards. PMID:18633081

Pomeranz, Jennifer L.; Brownell, Kelly D.

2008-01-01

88

Don't Shoot the Messenger: Public Relations for Law Enforcement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This communication project provides an overview of public relations as seen through the communication arts. It is specifically focused to give law enforcement officers a general review of the practice of public relations, communication basics, and an understanding of the media. This course also provides the facilitator with multiple tools for…

Baxter, David S.

2013-01-01

89

Electronic cigarettes: smoke-free laws, sale restrictions, and the public health.  

PubMed

Consumer use of e-cigarettes is rising despite a lack of rigorous safety testing, manufacturing controls, and a well-understood risk profile. Many states and municipalities have prohibited e-cigarette sale to minors or amended their smoke-free laws to restrict public use. I discuss the public health impact of e-cigarettes and the current lack of Food and Drug Administration regulation, and advocate that states and localities reexamine their smoke-free laws and sale restrictions to appropriately regulate public use and youth access. PMID:24825224

Paradise, Jordan

2014-06-01

90

International law, public health, and the meanings of pharmaceuticalization  

PubMed Central

Recent social science scholarship has employed the term “pharmaceuticalization” in analyses of the production, circulation and use of drugs. In this paper, we seek to open up further discussion of the scope, limits and potential of this as an analytical device through consideration of the role of law and legal processes in directing pharmaceutical flows. To do so, we synthesize a range of empirical and conceptual work concerned with the relationships between access to medicines and intellectual property law. This paper suggests that alongside documenting the expansion or reduction in demand for particular drugs, analysts of pharmaceuticalization attend to the ways in which socio-legal developments change (or not) the identities of drugs, and the means through which they circulate and come to be used by states and citizens. Such scholarship has the potential to more precisely locate the biopolitical processes that shape international agendas and targets, form markets, and produce health. PMID:25431535

Cloatre, Emilie; Pickersgill, Martyn

2014-01-01

91

International law, public health, and the meanings of pharmaceuticalization.  

PubMed

Recent social science scholarship has employed the term "pharmaceuticalization" in analyses of the production, circulation and use of drugs. In this paper, we seek to open up further discussion of the scope, limits and potential of this as an analytical device through consideration of the role of law and legal processes in directing pharmaceutical flows. To do so, we synthesize a range of empirical and conceptual work concerned with the relationships between access to medicines and intellectual property law. This paper suggests that alongside documenting the expansion or reduction in demand for particular drugs, analysts of pharmaceuticalization attend to the ways in which socio-legal developments change (or not) the identities of drugs, and the means through which they circulate and come to be used by states and citizens. Such scholarship has the potential to more precisely locate the biopolitical processes that shape international agendas and targets, form markets, and produce health. PMID:25431535

Cloatre, Emilie; Pickersgill, Martyn

2014-10-01

92

Big bad data: law, public health, and biomedical databases.  

PubMed

The accelerating adoption of electronic health record (EHR) systems will have far-reaching implications for public health research and surveillance, which in turn could lead to changes in public policy, statutes, and regulations. The public health benefits of EHR use can be significant. However, researchers and analysts who rely on EHR data must proceed with caution and understand the potential limitations of EHRs. Because of clinicians' workloads, poor user-interface design, and other factors, EHR data can be erroneous, miscoded, fragmented, and incomplete. In addition, public health findings can be tainted by the problems of selection bias, confounding bias, and measurement bias. These flaws may become all the more troubling and important in an era of electronic "big data," in which a massive amount of information is processed automatically, without human checks. Thus, we conclude the paper by outlining several regulatory and other interventions to address data analysis difficulties that could result in invalid conclusions and unsound public health policies. PMID:23590742

Hoffman, Sharona; Podgurski, Andy

2013-03-01

93

Jacobson v Massachusetts: It’s Not Your Great-Great-Grandfather’s Public Health Law  

PubMed Central

Jacobson v Massachusetts, a 1905 US Supreme Court decision, raised questions about the power of state government to protect the public’s health and the Constitution’s protection of personal liberty. We examined conceptions about state power and personal liberty in Jacobson and later cases that expanded, superseded, or even ignored those ideas. Public health and constitutional law have evolved to better protect both health and human rights. States’ sovereign power to make laws of all kinds has not changed in the past century. What has changed is the Court’s recognition of the importance of individual liberty and how it limits that power. Preserving the public’s health in the 21st century requires preserving respect for personal liberty. PMID:15798113

Mariner, Wendy K.; Annas, George J.; Glantz, Leonard H.

2005-01-01

94

29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...1604—Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...President Carter signed into law the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Pub. L....

2014-07-01

95

29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... false Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...1604—Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...President Carter signed into law the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Pub. L....

2013-07-01

96

29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...1604—Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...President Carter signed into law the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Pub. L....

2011-07-01

97

29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... false Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...1604—Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...President Carter signed into law the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Pub. L....

2012-07-01

98

29 CFR Appendix to Part 1604 - Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555, 92 Stat. 2076 (1978)  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...1604—Questions and Answers on the Pregnancy Discrimination Act, Public Law 95-555...President Carter signed into law the Pregnancy Discrimination Act (Pub. L....

2010-07-01

99

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-four. Michigan  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description of the laws and programs of the State of Michigan governing the regulation of public energy facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

100

Community energy systems and the law of public utilities. Volume 20. Louisiana  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Louisiana governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities--Volume One: An overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One--An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enchance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

101

Legal rights during pandemics: federalism, rights and public health laws--a view from Australia.  

PubMed

Pandemic influenza will cause significant social and economic disruption. Legal frameworks can play an important role in clarifying the rights and duties of individuals, communities and governments for times of crisis. In addressing legal frameworks, there is a need for jurisdictional clarity between different levels of government in responding to public health emergencies. Public health laws are also informed by our understandings of rights and responsibilities for individuals and communities, and the balancing of public health and public freedoms. Consideration of these issues is an essential part of planning for pandemic influenza. PMID:19249066

Bennett, B

2009-03-01

102

Public Law 100-294, 25 April 1988.  

PubMed

This Act does the following: 1) directs the US Secretary of Health and Human Services to establish an Inter-Agency Task Force on Child Abuse and Neglect, a national clearing house for information relating to child abuse, and a national data collection and analysis program with respect to State child abuse and neglect reports; 2) broadens the scope of research to be conducted by the Secretary with respect to child abuse and neglect; 3) directs the Secretary to publish research, training materials, and investigative materials on child abuse; 4) establishes a National Commission on Child and Youth Deaths; 5) directs the Secretary to provide for programs to increase the number of minority children placed in adoptive families and for post-legal adoption services for families who have adopted special needs children; 6) establishes a program for information and training demonstration grants for local law enforcement agencies with respect to domestic violence; 7) and directs the Secretary to develop and document objectively data on domestic violence. The Act also contains provisions relating to 1) the director, staffing, and advisory board of the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (already established); 2) grants made by the Center with respect to the prevention, identification, treatment, investigation, and prosecution of child abuse; and 3) funding of child abuse and domestic violence programs. PMID:12289175

1988-01-01

103

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90 Section 102-80.90 Public Contracts...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? Yes, the Fire Administration Authorization Act of...

2010-07-01

104

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90 Section 102-80.90 Public Contracts...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? Yes, the Fire Administration Authorization Act of...

2012-01-01

105

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90 Section 102-80.90 Public Contracts...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? Yes, the Fire Administration Authorization Act of...

2014-01-01

106

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90 Section 102-80.90 Public Contracts...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? Yes, the Fire Administration Authorization Act of...

2013-07-01

107

41 CFR 102-80.90 - Is the Fire Administration Authorization Act of 1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? 102-80.90 Section 102-80.90 Public Contracts...1992 (Public Law 102-522) relevant to fire protection engineering? Yes, the Fire Administration Authorization Act of...

2011-01-01

108

Public Awareness of Genetic Nondiscrimination Laws in Four States and Perceived Importance of Life Insurance Protections.  

PubMed

Genetic testing has grown dramatically in the past decade and is becoming an integral part of health care. Genetic nondiscrimination laws have been passed in many states, and the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) was passed at the federal level in 2008. These laws generally protect individuals from discrimination by health insurers or employers based on genetic information, including test results. In 2010, Connecticut, Michigan, Ohio, and Oregon added four questions to their Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) survey to assess interest in genetic testing, awareness of genetic nondiscrimination laws, concern about genetic discrimination in determining life insurance eligibility and cost, and perceived importance of genetic nondiscrimination laws that address life insurance. Survey results showed that awareness of genetic nondiscrimination laws was low (less than 20 % of the adult population), while perceived importance of these types of laws was high (over 80 % of respondents rated them as very or somewhat important). Over two-thirds of respondents indicated they were very or somewhat concerned about life insurance companies using genetic test results to determine life insurance coverage and costs. Results indicate a need for more public education to raise awareness of protections provided through current genetic nondiscrimination laws. The high rate of concern about life insurance discrimination indicates an additional need for continued dialogue regarding the extent of legal protections in genetic nondiscrimination laws. PMID:25242499

Parkman, Alicia A; Foland, Joan; Anderson, Beth; Duquette, Debra; Sobotka, Holly; Lynn, Mary; Nottingham, Shelley; Dotson, William David; Kolor, Katherine; Cox, Summer L

2014-09-23

109

Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law and public health https://theconversation.edu.au/julia-gillard-big-pharma-patent-law-and-public-health-10226[28/11/2012 11:49:28 AM  

E-print Network

Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law and public health https://theconversation.edu.au/julia-gillard-big-pharma-patent Health + Medicine Politics + Society Science + Technology Julia Gillard, Big Pharma, patent law industry and their patents ­ and has launched several inquiries into patent law and pharmaceutical drugs

Botea, Adi

110

African American and Latino Enrollment Trends among Medicine, Law, Business, and Public Affairs Graduate Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this Tomas Rivera Policy Institute (TRPI) report is twofold: to provide an analysis of the enrollment trends for African American and Latino students among graduate professional programs in the fields of medicine, business, law, and public affairs, and to present other relevant data pertaining to African American and Latino students…

de la Garza, Rodolfo; Moghadam, Sepehr Hejazi

2008-01-01

111

Patenting and Arid Frontier: Use and Abuse of the Public Land Laws in Owens Valley, California  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five nineteenth-century policies for alienating the federal public domain only partially fulfilled their objectives when applied in the arid setting of Owens Valley, California. The Homestead Law was most successful in advancing the family farm ideal, to judge by the persistence of small holdings several decades after land entry. Preemption claims, coincident in time and space with homesteading, were more

Robert A. Sauder

1989-01-01

112

78 FR 13752 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SPIRIT; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel SPIRIT; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY...entered into this docket is available on the World Wide Web at http://www.regulations...applicant the intended service of the vessel SPIRIT is: Intended Commercial Use Of...

2013-02-28

113

Performance Evaluation of Federal Administrative Law JudgesChallenge for Public Administration?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Federal administrative law judges (ALJs) are among the few classified service employees who are exempted from periodic performance review. The purpose is to protect their decisional independence from encroachment by the agencies that employ them. Given the interest of the public administration community in performance evaluation, this article reviews and analyzes recent attempts to answer the question of who should

Lloyd Musolf

1998-01-01

114

Publication and Preemption in Copyright Law: Elegiac Reflections on Goldstein v. California  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Goldstein v. California the Supreme Court was asked to help eliminate unauthorized tapes, a parasite on the recording industry. This Article is a critical account of how, in search of a remedy, the Court rediscovered state copyright and rode roughshod over the concept of publication in copyright law. The \\

Brown Ralph S. Jr

1975-01-01

115

PUBLIC LAW 108317--OCT. 5, 2004 SOUTHWEST FOREST HEALTH AND WILDFIRE  

E-print Network

PUBLIC LAW 108­317--OCT. 5, 2004 SOUTHWEST FOREST HEALTH AND WILDFIRE PREVENTION ACT OF 2004 Ver to reduce the risk of wildfires, and restore the health of fire-adapted forest and woodland ecosystems and Wildfire Prevention Act of 2004''. SEC. 2. FINDINGS. Congress finds that-- (1) there is an increasing

116

Brutal Cops, News Coverage, and Public Perceptions of Law Enforcement: An Experimental Investigation of Reality Construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the relationship between newspaper coverage of police brutality, the public construction of law enforcement reality, and the predictive capacity of exemplification theory. Two randomly selected subsamples were assigned to either a control or test condition in a posttest only experiment. Those in the test group were exposed to six newspaper accounts recounting incidents of police brutality. A

Gregg A. Payne; David Dozier

117

The Inverse Benefit Law: How Drug Marketing Undermines Patient Safety and Public Health  

PubMed Central

Recent highly publicized withdrawals of drugs from the market because of safety concerns raise the question of whether these events are random failures or part of a recurring pattern. The inverse benefit law, inspired by Hart's inverse care law, states that the ratio of benefits to harms among patients taking new drugs tends to vary inversely with how extensively the drugs are marketed. The law is manifested through 6 basic marketing strategies: reducing thresholds for diagnosing disease, relying on surrogate endpoints, exaggerating safety claims, exaggerating efficacy claims, creating new diseases, and encouraging unapproved uses. The inverse benefit law highlights the need for comparative effectiveness research and other reforms to improve evidence-based prescribing. PMID:21233426

Light, Donald W.

2011-01-01

118

SYLLABUS V540 LAW AND PUBLIC AFFAIRS Fall 2007, TTR 9:30-10:45, Woodburn Hall 007 CONTACT INFORMATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this course, we will explore how public agencies shape and respond to law. We will review the U.S. Constitution, the forms of law, the structure and function of state and federal courts, the legislative process, and statutory interpretation. We will explore other national legal systems as points of comparison. We will then turn to administrative law, and the processes

Lisa Blomgren Bingham

119

MENINGITIS INFORMATION RESPONSE FORM New York State Public Health Law requires that college and university students complete and  

E-print Network

MENINGITIS INFORMATION RESPONSE FORM New York State Public Health Law requires that college Binghamton University Box 6000 Binghamton, NY 13902-6000 Please note that according to Public Health Law and university students complete and return the following form to: Decker Student Health Services Center

Suzuki, Masatsugu

120

45 CFR 287.20 - May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program? 287.20 Section...EMPLOYMENT WORKS (NEW) PROGRAM Eligible Tribes § 287.20 May a Public Law 102-477 Tribe operate a NEW Program? Yes, if the...

2010-10-01

121

Public attitudes about different types of anti-bullying laws: results from a national survey.  

PubMed

State anti-bullying laws have been enacted across the United States to address bullying both by and of youths. Although these statutes can provide critical protection to youth, there is debate about whether such laws should enumerate protected classes of youth. Weight-based bullying is an increasingly prevalent form of harassment and it has been overlooked in policy initiatives. Enumeration in existing laws might help protect overweight victims. As no research has examined this issue, we conducted a national survey of American adults (N=1155) to assess public opinion about enactment of anti-bullying laws that vary according to whether or not they enumerate distinguishing characteristics. Our results demonstrated substantial public agreement (ranging from 2/3 to 3/4 of participants) with enactment of state and federal anti-bullying laws that enumerate distinguishing characteristics, including physical appearance and weight, which are currently absent in most statutes. Our evidence can inform policy and legal approaches to protect youth effectively from bullying. PMID:25393213

Puhl, Rebecca M; Luedicke, Joerg; King, Kelly M

2015-02-01

122

Issues Associated with the Conveyance and Transfer of DOE Lands under Public Law 105-119  

SciTech Connect

Public Law 105-119 (Law) was enacted in November 1997 as part of the Defense Authorization Act of 1998 (Act). The Law specifically requires the US Department of Energy (DOE) to identify lands that are suitable for conveyance or transfer at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) within 90 days after enactment of the Act. In general, suitable lands include those parcels that are not required to meet the national security missions assigned to DOE at LANL within a ten year period beginning on the date of enactment of the Act. Additional suitability criteria are addressed below and include the need to establish clear title to the land and to restore areas contaminated with hazardous wastes. This proposed change in future land ownership is intended to serve as the final settlement of DOE community assistance obligations with respect to LANL and Los Alamos County and to stimulate economic development.

Ladino, A.G.

1999-04-21

123

The modernization of American public law: health care reform and popular constitutionalism.  

PubMed

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) transformed U.S. public law in crucial ways extending far beyond health care. As important as were the doctrinal shifts wrought by National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, the ACA's structural changes to public law likely will prove far more important should they become entrenched. The struggle over the ACA has triggered the kind of "constitutional moment" that has largely replaced Article V's formal amendment procedure since the Prohibition fiasco. The Court participates in this process, but the definitive and enduring character of these constitutional moments' outcomes springs from broad popular engagement. Despite the Court's ruling and the outcome of the 2012 elections, the battle over whether to implement or shelve the ACA will continue unabated, both federally and in the states, until We the People render a clear decision. Whether the ACA survives or fails will determine the basic principles that guide the development of federalism, social insurance, tax policy, and privatization for decades to come. In each of these areas, the New Deal bequeathed us a delicate accommodation between traditionalist social values and modernizing norms of economic efficiency and interest group liberalism. This balance has come under increasing stress, with individual laws rejecting tradition far more emphatically than the New Deal did. But absent broad popular engagement, no definitive new principles could be established. The ACA's entrenchment would elevate technocratic norms across public law, the first change of our fundamental law since the civil rights revolution. The ACA's failure would rejuvenate individualistic, moralistic, pre-New Deal norms and allow opponents to attempt a counterrevolution against technocracy. PMID:24834539

Super, David A

2014-04-01

124

Greater public access to U.S. research data permitted under new law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Amid last year's frantic congressional deal-making to fund the U.S. government for the fiscal year 1999, Senator Richard Shelby (Republican from Alabama) slipped a small provision into the end-of-year omnibus appropriations bill that could have large implications for researchers. Now part of Public Law 105-277, Shelby's rider is intended “…to require Federal awarding agencies to ensure that all data produced under an award will be made available to the public through the procedures established under the Freedom of Information Act.” The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) is a law enacted in 1966 that allows any citizen to request documents from federal agencies in the United States.

Folger, Peter

125

Patent law--balancing profit maximization and public access to technology.  

PubMed

This article addresses the contemporary issue of balancing the need for patent protection for intellectual property with the resulting restriction of public access to new technology. The author argues that patent law protects private property rights rather than creating monopolies. Additionally, the author discusses how restricting access to patented technology, such as pharmaceuticals, can affect public health problems, such as the HIV/AIDS epidemic in developing nations. The author then concludes with some proposals for making patented technology available to people in developing nations who need access to such technology but who are unable to afford its high costs due to patent protection. PMID:15977333

Beckerman-Rodau, Andrew

2003-01-01

126

Public opinion about laws to prohibit weight discrimination in the United States.  

PubMed

Weight discrimination is pervasive in American society and impairs quality of life for obese persons. With approximately two-thirds of Americans now overweight or obese, vast numbers of people are vulnerable to weight prejudice and its consequences. Currently, no laws exist to prohibit weight discrimination. This study conducted an online survey with a national sample of 1,001 adults (representing demographics of the United States) to examine public support for six potential legislative measures to prohibit weight discrimination in the United States. Results indicated substantial support (65% of men, 81% of women) for laws to prohibit weight discrimination in the workplace, especially for legal measures that would prohibit employers from refusing to hire, terminate, or deny promotion based on a person's body weight. Laws that proposed extending the same protections to obese persons as people with physical disabilities received the least support, suggesting that Americans may not be in favor of considering obesity as a disability. Findings also highlight specific predictors of support (related to sex, age, education, income, body weight, and political ideology). These findings can be used to inform policy makers in efforts to develop antidiscrimination laws. Such measures will rectify health disparities for overweight Americans and facilitate public health efforts to address obesity. PMID:20508626

Puhl, Rebecca M; Heuer, Chelsea A

2011-01-01

127

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-three. Massachusetts  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Massachusetts governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

128

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Nine. Connecticut  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description of the laws and programs of the State of Connecticut governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

129

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Three. Alabama  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Alabama governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

130

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty. Nevada  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Nevada governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

131

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Fourteen. Idaho  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Idaho governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

132

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-two. South Carolina  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of South Carolina governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

133

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Six. Arkansas  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Arkansas governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

134

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-three. South Dakota  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of South Dakota governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

135

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Ten. Delaware  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Delaware governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

136

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-two. Maryland  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Maryland governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

137

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Eleven. Florida  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Florida governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

138

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twelve. Georgia  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description of the laws and programs of the State of Georgia governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

139

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Four. Alaska  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Alaska governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

140

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-seven. Missouri  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Missouri governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

141

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-six. Mississippi  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Mississippi governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

142

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Seventeen. Iowa  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Iowa governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

143

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Forty-nine. Washington  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Washington governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

144

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Thirty-seven. Ohio  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Ohio governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

145

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Twenty-five. Minnesota  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Minnesota governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

146

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Fifty-one. Wisconsin  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is presented of the laws and programs of the State of Wisconsin governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

147

Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities. Volume Eighteen. Kansas  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Kansas governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities - Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One - An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D A; Weaver, C L

1981-01-01

148

How do we translate science into public health policy and law?  

PubMed

Scientific knowledge concerning effective preventive measures to preserve and protect the health of the public continues to grow exponentially. Methods for assessing the impact of population-based interventions such as policies and laws have also greatly increased in the past decade, including systematic approaches that allow general findings to be drawn from various studies, especially those developed as part of the Guide to Community Preventive Services (Community Guide). However, the translation of the collected scientific evidence gathered to date has been spotty and problematic. Success stories do exist, including community water fluoridation, a significant factor in improvements in reduction of tooth decay over the past 50 years. Even for interventions with a strong science base, such as community water fluoridation, significant barriers to implementation of effective strategies discovered through research remain. Barriers include public misunderstanding of health issues and proposed solutions such as fluoridation; lack of engagement on the part of the media in communicating known effective strategies; and reluctance on the part of policymakers to champion approaches that concern but may not be advocated by their constituencies. The increasing burden of chronic disease places public policymakers into non-traditional roles, such as advocating behavior change as a preventive measure. Science is a critical tool to help legislators and policymakers "connect the dots" between public policies. For example, the elimination or degrading of physical education programs in schools is an important factor in addressing the national epidemic of childhood overweight and obesity in addition to the increase in rates of Type II diabetes among children. This article provides an overview of the past, present, and future associated with translating science into public health policy and law, including a review of tools and strategies to address existing and expanding public health challenges. The article also provides and discusses examples of translating and implementing science-based solutions to address public health problems effectively. PMID:12508498

Fielding, Jonathan E; Marks, James S; Myers, Bradford W; Nolan, Patricia A; Rawson, Raymond D; Toomey, Kathleen E

2002-01-01

149

77 FR 22326 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended by Public Law 100-503; Notice of a Computer Matching Program  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended by Public Law 100-503; Notice of a Computer Matching...Privacy Act of 1974, as amended by Public Law 100-503. SUMMARY: In compliance with the Privacy Act of 1974, as amended by Public Law 100-503, the Computer Matching and...

2012-04-13

150

7 CFR 1948.89 - Land condemnation by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1948.89 Section...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. (a) If FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 attempts to...

2010-01-01

151

7 CFR 1945.28 - Relationship between ASCS and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1945.28 Section...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. Exhibit A of...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 office) is a...

2010-01-01

152

7 CFR 1901.505 - Certificates of beneficial ownership in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans. 1901.505...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loans. (a) Special...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will...

2010-01-01

153

7 CFR 1945.26 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA...HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA...for Agri-dependent businesses. (d) Notification...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 National...

2010-01-01

154

7 CFR 1944.660 - Authorized representative of the HPG applicant and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 point of contact...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 point of contact...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will deal only...

2010-01-01

155

7 CFR 1901.205 - Nondiscrimination in construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or grant. ...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or grant. ...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 involving a...

2010-01-01

156

7 CFR Exhibit A to Subpart A of... - Notice to FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Borrowers  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Borrowers A Exhibit...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Borrowers FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 borrowers...

2010-01-01

157

7 CFR 1940.335 - Environmental review of FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals for...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals for legislation...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals for legislation...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 proposals for...

2010-01-01

158

7 CFR 1945.27 - Relationship between FCIC and FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1945.27 Section...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. (a) General...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 office) is a...

2010-01-01

159

7 CFR Exhibit C to Subpart E of... - FmHA or Its Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...Successor Agency Under Public Law 103-354 Financed Contract...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Instruction...

2010-01-01

160

7 CFR 1944.548 - Counseling consent by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single...

2010-01-01

161

7 CFR 1940.325 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 will serve as...

2010-01-01

162

7 CFR 1955.11 - Conveyance of property to FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 by trustee in...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 by trustee in bankruptcy...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 by trustee in bankruptcy...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 debt; and...

2010-01-01

163

7 CFR 1948.88 - Direct land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1948.88 Section...RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL...successor agency under Public Law 103-354. (a) FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 may take...

2010-01-01

164

7 CFR 1944.548 - Counseling consent by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...and telephone number; (2) Status of the account including...

2011-01-01

165

7 CFR 1944.548 - Counseling consent by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...and telephone number; (2) Status of the account including...

2014-01-01

166

7 CFR 1944.548 - Counseling consent by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...and telephone number; (2) Status of the account including...

2013-01-01

167

7 CFR 1944.548 - Counseling consent by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...agency under Public Law 103-354 single family housing borrowers...and telephone number; (2) Status of the account including...

2012-01-01

168

7 CFR 1945.25 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA. (a...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 on losses and damages...adverse weather condition or natural phenomenon, the FEMA representative...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 State Directors...

2012-01-01

169

7 CFR 1945.30 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support Teams (ELST).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 in implementing...Presidential emergency, or a natural disaster. ELSTs shall assist...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 personnel...

2012-01-01

170

7 CFR 1945.25 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA. (a...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 on losses and damages...adverse weather condition or natural phenomenon, the FEMA representative...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 State Directors...

2010-01-01

171

7 CFR 1945.25 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and FEMA. (a...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 on losses and damages...adverse weather condition or natural phenomenon, the FEMA representative...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 State Directors...

2011-01-01

172

7 CFR 1945.30 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support Teams (ELST).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 in implementing...Presidential emergency, or a natural disaster. ELSTs shall assist...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 personnel...

2010-01-01

173

7 CFR 1945.30 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support Teams (ELST).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Support...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 in implementing...Presidential emergency, or a natural disaster. ELSTs shall assist...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 personnel...

2011-01-01

174

42 CFR 411.7 - Services that must be furnished at public expense under a Federal law or Federal Government...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...in accordance with a law of, or a contract with, the United States. (b) Exception. Payment may be made for services that a hospital or SNF of the Indian Health Service is obligated to furnish at public...

2014-10-01

175

42 CFR 411.7 - Services that must be furnished at public expense under a Federal law or Federal Government...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...in accordance with a law of, or a contract with, the United States. (b) Exception. Payment may be made for services that a hospital or SNF of the Indian Health Service is obligated to furnish at public...

2011-10-01

176

78 FR 64284 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BIG OL; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BIG OL; Invitation for Public Comments AGENCY: Maritime Administration...described by the applicant the intended service of the vessel BIG OL is: Intended Commercial Use of Vessel: ``Limited 6 or...

2013-10-28

177

AIDS knowledge, occupational precautions, and public education activities among law enforcement officers and first responders.  

PubMed

A survey on AIDS was administered within a large, southern California jurisdiction to law enforcement officers and first responders (paramedics, firefighters). Respondents had accurate knowledge about AIDS but several incorrect perceptions about HIV transmission; a substantial proportion believed that HIV could be contracted from casual contact. AIDS training was not frequent. Self-assessment of HIV risk was medium to high risk in one-third of respondents, and was largely attributable to fear of occupational exposure. Appropriate precautionary professional practices were adopted at low frequencies, with respondents adopting preventive measures less than 50% of the time on 7 of 10 measures. Seventeen percent reportedly received requests for HIV/AIDS education from members of the public, which is incongruous with law enforcement officers' and first responders' demonstrated level of knowledge about HIV transmission. It was concluded that improved educational programs on HIV/AIDS are needed for law enforcement officers and first responders to increase the use of occupational precautions in the field, and to improve the accuracy of public AIDS education activities conducted by these professionals. PMID:7883946

Gellert, G A; Maxwell, R M; Higgins, K V; Barnard, R; Page, B

1994-01-01

178

Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431  

SciTech Connect

This report was prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

2007-08-02

179

Report to Congress on Server and Data Center Energy Efficiency: Public Law 109-431: Appendices  

SciTech Connect

This report is the appendices to a companion report, prepared in response to the request from Congress stated in Public Law 109-431 (H.R. 5646),"An Act to Study and Promote the Use of Energy Efficient Computer Servers in the United States." This report assesses current trends in energy use and energy costs of data centers and servers in the U.S. (especially Federal government facilities) and outlines existing and emerging opportunities for improved energy efficiency. It also makes recommendations for pursuing these energy-efficiency opportunities broadly across the country through the use of information and incentive-based programs.

Alliance to Save Energy; ICF Incorporated; ERG Incorporated; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Brown, Richard E; Brown, Richard; Masanet, Eric; Nordman, Bruce; Tschudi, Bill; Shehabi, Arman; Stanley, John; Koomey, Jonathan; Sartor, Dale; Chan, Peter; Loper, Joe; Capana, Steve; Hedman, Bruce; Duff, Rebecca; Haines, Evan; Sass, Danielle; Fanara, Andrew

2007-08-02

180

Changes in Federal Student Aid Programs for 2012-2013 On December 23, 2011, President Obama signed into law the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2012 (Public Law  

E-print Network

Changes in Federal Student Aid Programs for 2012-2013 On December 23, 2011, President Obama signed the Federal student aid programs authorized under Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended, using $23,000 as the auto-zero EFC threshold. 2012-2013 Federal Pell Grant Amounts - Public Law 112

Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

181

Thurgood Marshall Law Library: Historical Publications of the United States Commission on Civil Rights  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Since 2001, staff members at the Thurgood Marshall Law Library at the University of Maryland have worked to create an electronic archive of United States Commission on Civil Rights publications. They have worked with a number of partners on this ambitious project, including the United States Government Printing Office and The United States Commission on Civil Rights. The site is easy to use, as visitors can locate various publications merely by consulting the materials by title, date, or subject. The subject listing is quite thorough, as visitors can look through headings like "Alaska", "Migrant Workers", and "Welfare reform". Browsing by year is an equally fruitful proposition as documents such as "Racism in America and how to combat it" from 1970 and 1992's "Civil rights issues facing Asian Americans in the 1990" will be of interest to legal scholars, historians, and others.

182

California Library Statistics, 2009: Fiscal Year 2007-2008 from Public, Academic, Special and County Law Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year the State Library sends annual report forms to California's public, academic, special, state agency, and county law libraries. Statistical data from those reports are tabulated in this publication, with directory listings published in the companion volume, "California Library Directory." For this fiscal year, 389 libraries of all types…

Bray, Ira, Ed.

2009-01-01

183

California Library Statistics, 2005: Fiscal Year 2003-2004 from Public, Academic, Special and County Law Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year the State Library sends annual report forms to California's academic, public, special, state agency, and county law libraries. Statistical data from those reports are tabulated in this publication, with directory listings published in the companion volume, California Library Directory. For this fiscal year four hundred and eight…

Bray, Ira, Ed.

2005-01-01

184

California State Library Statistics, 2004: Fiscal Year 2002-2003. From Public, Academic, Special and County Law Libraries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Each year the State Library sends annual report forms to California's academic, public, special, state agency, and county law libraries. Statistical data from those reports are tabulated in this publication, with directory listings published in the companion volume, California Library Directory. For this fiscal year four hundred and thirty seven…

Bray, Ira, Ed.

2004-01-01

185

7 CFR 1980.452 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 evaluation of application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Instruction 2015-C (available in any FmHA or its successor agency under Public...or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Instruction 2015-C (available in any FmHA or its successor agency under...

2011-01-01

186

Conflicting Messages: How Criminal HIV Disclosure Laws Undermine Public Health Efforts to Control the Spread of HIV  

Microsoft Academic Search

Twenty-three U.S. states currently have laws that make it a crime for persons who have HIV to engage in various sexual behaviors without, in most cases, disclosing their HIV-positive status to prospective sex partners. As structural interventions aimed at reducing new HIV infections, the laws ideally should complement the HIV prevention efforts of public health professionals. Unfortunately, they do not.

Carol L. Galletly; Steven D. Pinkerton

2006-01-01

187

Enforcement of Ohio's Smoke Free Workplace Law Through the Lens of Public Health Practice  

PubMed Central

Objectives Little is known about whether public health (PH) enforcement of Ohio's 2007 Smoke Free Workplace Law (SFWPL) is associated with department (agency) characteristics, practice, or state reimbursement to local PH agencies for enforcement. We used mixed methods to determine practice patterns, perceptions, and opinions among the PH workforce involved in enforcement to identify agency and workforce associations. Methods Focus groups and phone interviews (n=13) provided comments and identified issues in developing an online survey targeting PH workers through e-mail recruitment (433 addresses). Results A total of 171 PH workers responded to the survey. Of Ohio's 88 counties, 81 (43% rural and 57% urban) were represented. More urban than rural agencies agreed that SFWPL enforcement was worth the effort and cost (80% vs. 61%, p=0.021). The State Attorney General's collection of large outstanding fines was perceived as unreliable. An estimated 77% of agencies lose money on enforcement annually; 18% broke even, 56% attributed a financial loss to uncollected fines, and 63% occasionally or never fully recovered fines. About half of agency leaders (49%) felt that state reimbursements were inadequate to cover inspection costs. Rural agencies (59%) indicated they would be more likely than urban agencies (40%) to drop enforcement if reimbursements ended (p=0.0070). Prioritization of SFWPL vs. routine code enforcement differed between rural and urban agencies. Conclusions These findings demonstrate the importance of increasing state health department financial support of local enforcement activities and improving collection of fines for noncompliance. Otherwise, many PH agencies, especially rural ones, will opt out, thereby increasing the state's burden to enforce SFWPL and challenging widespread public support for the law. PMID:23277660

Allan, Terry; Stefanak, Matthew; Chandran Pillai, Aiswarya; Drabousky, Aylin S.; Borawski, Elaine A.; Frank, Scott

2013-01-01

188

Public Laws of the 98th Congress Relating to Information Policy. Report No. 85-215 S.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study enumerates statutes of the 98th Congress treating information-related concerns. Limited to public laws of a substantive nature, the topical overview of areas of congressional concern is divided into nine sections: (1) Federal Information Resources Management; (2) International Communications and Information Policy; (3)…

Milevski, Sandra N.

189

Reflections of a "Guardian Ad Litem" on the Participation of Looked-After Children in Public Law Proceedings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is much debate about the rights of children relating to the nature and degree of their participation in Public Law Proceedings. Articles 12 (1) and 12 (2) of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 emphasise that children should be involved in decision-making about their welfare; and children who are capable of…

Donnelly, Cathy

2010-01-01

190

Knowledgeability of Copyright Law among Librarians and Library Paraprofessionals Employed in Adult Services at a Large Public Library System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since public libraries contain copyrighted works in the form of print, electronic or audiovisual sources, librarians and library paraprofessionals need to possess sufficient knowledge of United States copyright law to meet the information needs of patrons successfully and legally. A literature review revealed that minimal works address this topic.…

Lavelle, Bridget M.

191

Summary of Benefits under the Educational Assistance Test Program Section 901 of Public Law 96-342. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet provides a summary of the educational benefits available to United States Armed Services enlisted and discharged personnel under the Educational Assistance Test Program, Section 901 of Public Law 96-342. The pamphlet, in question and answer format, includes information describing how qualified persons can receive payments under the…

Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington, DC.

192

Summary of Benefits under the Educational Assistance Test Program Section 901 of Public Law 96-342. Revised  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Section 901 is an Educational Assistance Test Program created by the Department of Defense Authorization Act of 1981 (Public Law 96-342) to individuals who entered on active duty after September 30, 1980, and before October 1, 1981 (or before October 1, 1982, if entry was under a delayed enlistment contract signed between September 30, 1980, and…

US Department of Veterans Affairs, 2003

2003-01-01

193

IDENTITY THEFT AND ASSUMPTION DETERRENCE ACT As amended by Public Law 105-318, 112 Stat. 3007 (Oct. 30, 1998)  

E-print Network

IDENTITY THEFT AND ASSUMPTION DETERRENCE ACT As amended by Public Law 105-318, 112 Stat. 3007 (Oct of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, [NOTE: Identity Theft and Assumption. Identity Theft 004. Amendment of Federal Sentencing Guidelines for Offenses Under Section 1028 005

Shamos, Michael I.

194

75 FR 47877 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law: Public Meeting on the...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Law: Public Meeting on the Work of the UNCITRAL Working Group...html] In its next phase of work, the UNCITRAL Working Group...provide their name, and date of birth for pre-clearance purposes...entered into the Visitor Access Control System (VACS-D)...

2010-08-09

195

Public information management – a comparative analysis of three law enforcement agencies in the state of texas, usa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Throughout the USA law enforcement agencies recognise the importance of the public information office (PIO), as a conduit for information release. The PIO is of use to the police as a device for information management; and to journalists who benefit through the steady, regular and guaranteed flow of material which forms the basis of their media messages. Where reporter and

Garth Lewis Crandon

1995-01-01

196

TRUSTEES FOR ALASKA A Nonprofit Public Interest Law Firm Providing Counsel to Protect and Sustain Alaska's Environment  

E-print Network

TRUSTEES FOR ALASKA A Nonprofit Public Interest Law Firm Providing Counsel to Protect and Sustain Alaska's Environment 1026 W. 4th Ave., Suite 201 Anchorage, AK 99501 (907) 276-4244 (907) 276-7110 Fax Alaska District Department ofthe Army Permit Evaluation and Decision Document - Application No. POA-2003

US Army Corps of Engineers

197

State Farm-to-School Laws Influence the Availability of Fruits and Vegetables in School Lunches at US Public Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: State laws and farm-to-school programs (FTSPs) have the potential to increase fruit and vegetable (FV) availability in school meals. This study examined whether FV were more available in public elementary school lunches in states with a law requiring/encouraging FTSPs or with a locally grown-related law, and whether the relationship…

Nicholson, Lisa; Turner, Lindsey; Schneider, Linda; Chriqui, Jamie; Chaloupka, Frank

2014-01-01

198

The Impact of School Accountability Laws on Measures of Trust between Indiana Public School Superintendents and Teacher Union Leaders within the Forum of Mandatory Discussion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the impact of the school accountability laws "No Child Left Behind" and Indiana's Public Law 221 on Superintendents' perception of their relationship with the Teachers' Union Leader in their mandatory discussion meetings. Both school accountability laws contain provisions for the Indiana's…

Downs, Philip G.

2012-01-01

199

7 CFR 1901.507 - Certificates of beneficial ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office. 1901.507 Section 1901...successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office. (a) Orders and payment...in certificates may be placed with the Finance Office by mail, telephone,...

2010-01-01

200

7 CFR 1980.452 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 evaluation of application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 evaluation...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED... § 1980.452 FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2012-01-01

201

7 CFR 1901.507 - Certificates of beneficial ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance...

2014-01-01

202

7 CFR 1901.507 - Certificates of beneficial ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance...

2011-01-01

203

7 CFR 1948.88 - Direct land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1948...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED...land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. (a)...

2012-01-01

204

7 CFR 1901.202 - Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 programs...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2012-01-01

205

7 CFR 1901.507 - Certificates of beneficial ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance...

2013-01-01

206

7 CFR 1980.452 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 evaluation of application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-01-01 false FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 evaluation...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED... § 1980.452 FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2014-01-01

207

7 CFR 1948.88 - Direct land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1948...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED...land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. (a)...

2011-01-01

208

7 CFR 1901.202 - Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 programs...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2014-01-01

209

7 CFR 1948.88 - Direct land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1948...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED...land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. (a)...

2014-01-01

210

7 CFR 1945.26 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED...Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA....

2011-01-01

211

7 CFR 1901.202 - Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 programs...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2013-01-01

212

7 CFR 1901.507 - Certificates of beneficial ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance Office...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...ownership issued by the FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Finance...

2012-01-01

213

7 CFR 1948.88 - Direct land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. 1948...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED...land acquisition by FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354. (a)...

2013-01-01

214

7 CFR 1901.202 - Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 programs.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 programs...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...Nondiscrimination in FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2011-01-01

215

7 CFR 1901.205 - Nondiscrimination in construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or grant...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or...

2012-01-01

216

7 CFR 1901.205 - Nondiscrimination in construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or grant...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or...

2011-01-01

217

7 CFR 1945.26 - Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED...Relationship between FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 and SBA....

2012-01-01

218

7 CFR 1980.452 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 evaluation of application.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 evaluation...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED... § 1980.452 FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354...

2013-01-01

219

7 CFR 1901.205 - Nondiscrimination in construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or grant...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE PROGRAM...construction financed with FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 loan or...

2013-01-01

220

7 CFR 1945.31 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment Teams (ELAT).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment Teams...Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES...FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 Emergency Loan Assessment...

2010-01-01

221

7 CFR 1956.145 - Disposition of essential FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 records.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 records. 1956.145 ...Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES...or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 records. FmHA or its...

2010-01-01

222

8 CFR 1245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 1245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2011-01-01

223

8 CFR 245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2011-01-01

224

45 CFR 507.1 - Payments under the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended by Public Law 91-289.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Payments under the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended by Public Law 91-289. 507...UNDER TITLE I OF THE WAR CLAIMS ACT OF 1948, AS AMENDED PAYMENT § 507.1 Payments under the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended by Public Law 91-289....

2010-10-01

225

45 CFR 507.1 - Payments under the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended by Public Law 91-289.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Payments under the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended by Public Law 91-289. 507...UNDER TITLE I OF THE WAR CLAIMS ACT OF 1948, AS AMENDED PAYMENT § 507.1 Payments under the War Claims Act of 1948, as amended by Public Law 91-289....

2011-10-01

226

8 CFR 1245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 1245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2013-01-01

227

8 CFR 1245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 1245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2012-01-01

228

8 CFR 1245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. 1245.9...nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102-404. (a) Principal...nationals of the People's Republic of China who qualify under the provisions...

2014-01-01

229

Publications by Alberto Bressan Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws. The One Dimensional Cauchy Problem, Oxford Univer-  

E-print Network

. 1­78. · Hyperbolic Conservation Laws, in Encyclopedia of Complexity and Systems Science, R. E. Meyers Ed., Springer-Verlag, 2009. · Hyperbolic conservation laws: an illustrated tutorial. In "Modelling

Bressan, Alberto

230

Planning law and public health at an impasse in Australia: the need for targeted law reforms to improve local food environments to reduce overweight and obesity.  

PubMed

Australia's high rates of overweight and obesity, and the associated increased population risk of non-communicable diseases, pose a challenge to policymakers across sectors beyond the health portfolio. In the last decade, strategies to promote healthy lifestyles and address non-communicable diseases have increasingly interested urban planners in Australia and internationally. However, Australian planning laws continue to operate largely without regard to public health goals, thus limiting the ability of communities to shape healthy built environments. In recent years, local governments have increasingly taken on responsibility for improving public health through community-based initiatives; however, their efforts are hindered by their limited capacity to influence planning priorities under current State-legislated planning schemes. This article considers the emerging body of research exploring the impact of urban planning on health and non-communicable diseases in Australia. It is contended that planning law in Australia is out of step with the evidence of planning's potential impact on health, and reforms are required to ensure consistency with public health priorities. PMID:25341327

Mills, Caroline

2014-09-01

231

The Notion of Progress in Public International Law Discourse The thesis takes issue with the notion of progress in public international law  

E-print Network

) Discourse Analysis as Action: Although progress narratives may be a useful discursive form, the de-mystification of such narratives may be an equally productive and meaningful form of international law argument in itself, but one of a narrative ­ a story about how things were, how things are, and how things need to be. Such narratives

van den Brink, Jeroen

232

Law and Me: A Resource Guide for Social Studies Teachers in Milwaukee Public Middle Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Five units on legal education for junior high school social studies courses in Milwaukee schools are presented. Unit 1 focuses on the nature of law in a democratic society. Hypothetical situations examine the formation of society and laws, the pervasive nature of law in everyday life, the protection of air quality, consumer protection, the Bill of…

Donegan, Robert; And Others

233

Law and Me: A Resource Guide for Social Studies Teachers in Milwaukee Public High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four units on legal education for high school social studies courses in Milwaukee schools are presented. Unit 1 briefly considers the nature of law in a democratic society. Using fictional situations, group activities, and diagrams, students examine the social contract, the pervasive nature of law in everyday life, and the sources of laws. In Unit…

Donegan, Robert; And Others

234

The Law and Emergencies: Surveillance for Public Health–Related Legal Issues During Hurricanes Katrina and Rita  

PubMed Central

Law influenced every aspect of the public health response to Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, from evacuation orders, to waivers of medical licensing requirements, to the clean-up of public health threats on private property. We used public health surveillance of news reports to identify and characterize legal issues arising during the disaster response in 5 Gulf Coast states. Data collected from news reports of the events in real time were followed-up by interviews with selected state legal and emergency management officials. Our analysis indicates the value of surveillance during and after emergency responses in identifying public health–related legal issues and helps to inform the strengthening of legal preparedness frameworks for future disasters. PMID:17413083

Weiss, Rachel I.; McKie, Karen L.; Goodman, Richard A.

2007-01-01

235

Front Pages of Taiwan Daily Newspapers 1952–1996: How Ending Martial Law Influenced Publication Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

The number of Taiwanese daily newspapers increased tenfold after martial law was lifted in 1988. Increased competition and new technology influenced the adoption of design innovations. This study examined three Taiwanese daily newspapers' use of color, graphics, headline styles, modular design, and number of stories before and after the lifting of martial law.

Ven-Hwei Lo; Anna Paddon; Hsiaomei Wu

2000-01-01

236

Transparency laws and interactive public relations: An analysis of Latin American government Web sites  

Microsoft Academic Search

A content analysis of 50 Latin American government Web sites was conducted to assess whether new transparency laws in the hemisphere impacted the interactivity, usability, technological expertise, and national symbolism manifest on the sites. Web sites were found to be generally usable but limited in interactivity. There was no difference in Web site interactivity between countries with transparency laws and

Eileen M. Searson; Melissa A. Johnson

2010-01-01

237

Repeal of the Pennsylvania motorcycle helmet law: reflections on the ethical and political dynamics of public health reform  

PubMed Central

Background In June of 2003 the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania passed S. 259 which repealed the state's 35-year old motorcycle helmet safety law. Motorcycle helmets are now only required for riders who are under the age of 21 and for those who are 21 years or older who have had a motorcycle operator's license for less than two years, or who have not completed an approved motorcycle safety course. Discussion Prior to the repeal, and in the years that have followed, there has been intense debate and controversy regarding Pennsylvania's decision to repeal the law that required universal and mandatory use of motorcycle helmets for all riders. Proponents of the helmet repeal have argued in favor of individual rights and freedom, whereas advocates for mandatory helmet laws have voiced concerns over public health and safety based on available data. Summary This commentary will discuss the policy-making process that led to Pennsylvania's repeal of the motorcycle helmet safety law from an ethical, political, and economic perspective. PMID:20409343

2010-01-01

238

"Street art" draws attention of the public, potential investors, and law enforcement  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Blek le Rat, the man who gave birth to Banksyhttp://entertainment.timesonline.co.uk/tol/arts_and_entertainment/visual_arts/article4066727.eceBanksy [Macromedia Flash Player]http://www.banksy.co.uk/Tate Modern: Street Arthttp://www.tate.org.uk/modern/exhibitions/streetart/default.shtmTIME: Art of the Street Photo Essayhttp://www.time.com/time/photoessays/street_art/Streetarthttp://streetart.antville.org/Many experts and neophytes throughout the ages have asked, "What is art?" Some say there must be a mission statement or intentionality to have real "art", and others say that the matter is completely subjective. Some have created distinctions of "high" and "low" art to distinguish between the work of the Old Masters, for example, and that of young Turks who go around creating street art. One of these young Turks is the Bristol-born Banksy, who is well known for his graffiti projects across the world. Appearing almost out of nowhere, his work has included snarky representations of Queen Elizabeth II, law enforcement representatives, and deeply cynical send-ups of consumer culture. In recent times, Banksy's work, along with fellow street artists like Swoon, has garnered significant attention from cultural critics, the general public, and people who are plain furious about what they call defacement of property. Recently, a piece by Jennifer Hill at Reuters took a close look at the growing interest among investors in such work, even though the work sometimes appears on large buildings and structures, and therefore cannot be moved or modified due to its placement. Financial planner Christine Ross at the SG Hambros Private Bank noted that in thinking about the rising value of such work, "When you come to sell, who knows where the market will be? It can very much depend on what's in vogue. While you'll probably find a buyer for most pieces, at what price?" The first link will take users to a piece by Jennifer Hill from Reuters UK about the rising interest in various types of street art. The second link leads to an article from the Times Online about the "grand old man" of street art, Blek le Rat. Moving on, the third link leads to the homepage of the elusive Banksy. On the site, visitors can learn about his work, and even download a few works for their own personal use. The fourth link leads to information about a current exhibit at the Tate Modern in London, which presents the work of six internationally, acclaimed street artists. The exhibition looks quite fascinating, and well worth a visit. The fifth link leads to an interactive photo essay from TIME which offers up a selection of street art from artists such as WK, Miss Van, and Pez. The final link whisks visitors away to the collaborative weblog "Streetart" which is a place for "photos of DIY posters, guerilla stickers, home-made stencils, etc.".

Grinnell, Max

2008-06-13

239

Youth Tobacco Sales-to-Minors and Possession-Use-Purchase Laws: A Public Health Controversy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Tobacco use among youth remains one of our nation's most significant public health problems, and yet available evidence from prevention and cessation person-centered approaches has been mixed. Given these disappointing outcomes, some have recommended more public health approaches, and these include tobacco sales-to-minors and…

Jason, Leonard A.; Pokorny, Steven B.; Muldowney, Kathleen; Velez, Melissa

2005-01-01

240

Nurse Training. Title VIII--Public Health Service Act. The Complete Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To keep the nursing profession and other interested groups informed of the new provisions in nurse training legislation, this publication contains the complete text of Title VIII of the Public Health Service Act, as of November 18, 1971. Major provisions of the Act cover: (1) Grants for Expansion and Improvement of Nurse Training, (2) Assistance…

1972

241

Advertising to Communicate Public Policy: Applying Lessons from Federal Tax Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The admittedly unusual example of advertising to raise the likelihood that federal tax policies meet their objectives offers a starting point for exploring questions about the appropriateness and effectiveness of advertising with government dollars. Advertising paid for with public money, designed for communication concerning a public policy, may be the way to attain the objectives of that policy, it is

Betsy D. Gelb; Janet A. Meade

2005-01-01

242

Report and Model Law on Public Play Equipment and Areas. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advocates for safer playgrounds need to make informed decisions when purchasing play equipment and designing play areas. This updated document provides safety and design criteria in the form of model law provisions that can be used by those responsible for playground development. It reports on injury data which establish common injury scenarios…

Morrison, Melaine L.; Fise, Mary Ellen

243

Making It Clear: Federal Law and Opportunities for Parent Involvement during Public School Restructuring  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every child deserves a great school. When kids fail or schools fail, parents must engage and help restore them to the path of success. That assistance is especially called-for during a process called "Restructuring"--a status in federal law that requires schools to make major changes due to dreadful student test scores year-after-year. An…

Appleseed, 2009

2009-01-01

244

78 FR 77200 - Requested Administrative Waiver of the Coastwise Trade Laws: Vessel BLUE; Invitation for Public...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

As authorized by 46 U.S.C. 12121, the Secretary of Transportation, as represented by the Maritime Administration (MARAD), is authorized to grant waivers of the U.S.-build requirement of the coastwise laws under certain circumstances. A request for such a waiver has been received by MARAD. The vessel, and a brief description of the proposed service, is listed...

2013-12-20

245

Did the Civil Rights Movement Have a Direct Impact on Public Policy? Evidence from the Passage of State Fair Housing Laws, 1959-1965*  

E-print Network

Did the Civil Rights Movement Have a Direct Impact on Public Policy? Evidence from the Passage of public policy. In the case of the U.S. civil rights movement, sociological research has been inconclusive housing laws and analyzes a new source of data to assess the effect of the civil rights movement on policy

Shyy, Wei

246

Adaptation to the Health Consequences of Climate Change as a Potential Influence on Public Health Law and Policy: From Preparedness to Resilience  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because the health effects of climate change are likely to be significant and far-reaching, a key component of climate change adaptation will be our public health infrastructure. Perhaps counter-intuitively, recent emphasis in public health law on preparedness for extraordinary events may be to the detriment of our ability to cope with the health impacts of climate change. While existing emergency

Lindsay F. Wiley

2010-01-01

247

Integrated electronic waste management in Mexico : law, technology and public policy  

E-print Network

What is electronic waste? Why is it considered a problem? What are the public health implications of its mishandling? The electronic industry, a sector that has experienced one of the highest growth rates of the last decade, ...

Gonzalez Llera, Ricardo, 1971-

2004-01-01

248

The public philosophy of John Dewey and the evolution of law enforcement  

E-print Network

together. Nothing has been discovered which acts in entire isolation.?4 4 John Dewey, The Later Works, 1925-1953, ed. Jo Ann Boydston, vol. 2: 1925-1927, ?The Public and Its Problems? (Carbondale... and nineteenth.? The Later Works, 1925-1953, John Dewey, ed. Jo Ann Boydston, vol. 2: 1925- 1927, ?The Public and Its Problems? (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press), 344. 2Larry A. Hickman, John Dewey?s Pragmatic Technology (Bloomington: Indiana...

Patterson, Michael Lewis

2004-09-30

249

HIV infection and AIDS in the public health and health care systems: the role of law and litigation.  

PubMed

The AIDS Litigation Project has reviewed nearly 600 reported cases involving individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the federal and state courts in the United States between 1991 and 1997. Cases were identified through a federal and 50-state computer and library search. An important subset of litigation relates to HIV/AIDS in the public health and health care systems, since the law affects health care institutions and professionals, patients, and public health policy in America. This subset of HIV/AIDS litigation includes testing and reporting; privacy, the duty to warn, and the right to know; physician standards of care in prevention and treatment; and discrimination and access to health care. In broad terms, the review demonstrates a reliance on voluntary testing and protection of patient privacy through HIV-specific statutes and the common law. Negligence with potential civil and criminal liability has been alleged in cases of erroneous or missed diagnosis of HIV infection. In the first AIDS case to be considered by the Supreme Court, the Court will decide whether patients with asymptomatic HIV infection are protected under the Americans With Disabilities Act. Considerable progress has been made, both socially and legally, during the first 2 decades of the epidemic, but much still needs to be accomplished to protect privacy, prevent discrimination, and promote tolerance. PMID:9546571

Gostin, L O; Webber, D W

1998-04-01

250

A Law and Social Science Curriculum Based on the Analysis of Public Issues. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This four-part report from the Harvard Social Studies Project describes a secondary school curriculum based on an analysis of public controversy and developed to train students to examine, through discussion and argument, the kinds of disputes that cause social conflict. The first part of the report is a discussion of the curriculum approach which…

Newmann, Fred M.; And Others

251

Offensive Advertising, Public Policy, and the Law: The Rulings on the Zagorka Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the case of a controversial beer advertisement which was promulgated in Bulgaria in 2001, and which provoked eight lawsuits against the brewery, its advertising agency, and the Bulgarian National Television. The case set a precedent in Bulgaria and generated considerable public interest and debate. To the best of the authors’ knowledge this is the first case in

Elena Millan; Richard Elliott

2004-01-01

252

Health Policy and Cost Containment Laws: Lessons for Public Health Education in Social and Behavioral Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From a descriptive model of policy in health care delivery, the author theorizes that government has effectively attained economic and budgetary goals, but policy is creating displacements and attacking the national commitment to social welfare policy. Asserts that public health disciplines must collaborate to strengthen policy and empower…

Garcia, Jose Joel

1986-01-01

253

The Role and Purposes of Public Schools and Religious Fundamentalism: An International Human Rights Law Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of what are today the legitimate and proper role and purposes of public schools can only be answered by a close examination and analysis of the human right to education which has been developed by such international organizations as the United Nations and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, and by…

Hodgson, Douglas Charles

2012-01-01

254

Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act, with Index (Public Law 96-501).  

SciTech Connect

The Pacific Northwest Electric Power Planning and Conservation Act was enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America. It was enacted to assist the electrical consumers of the Pacific Northwest through use of the Federal columbia River Power System to achieve cost-effective energy conservation, to encourage the development of renewable energy resources, to establish a representative regional power planning process, to assure the region of an efficient and adequate power supply, and for other purposes. Contents of the Act are: short title and table of contents; purposes; definitions; regional planning and participation; sale of power; conservation and resource acquisition; rates; amendments to existing law; administrative provisions; savings provisions; effective date; and severability.

Not Available

1991-12-01

255

[Impact of the public health reform law on non-university hospitals].  

PubMed

The 'Gesundheitsstrukturgesetz 1993' (GSG 1993) and the following law has resp. will considerably change the hospital scene. Thus the intended cost reduction in the hospital sector ought to be reached by the following measures: abolition of covering cost prices a more sufficient connection of in- and outdoor-patient treatments fixed budgets for 1993/1994 and resp. 1995 adoption of a differentiated system of fees a growing quota of the head physicians' charges for the sick-insurances In this context the abolition of covering cost prices is a minor problem. A more significant subject in consideration of the increasing requirements of hospital management is the organizational realization of the following aspects: rising forms of operating on outdoor-patients, pre- and post-indoor treatments, the period of fixed budgets in 1993/1994, resp. to 1995, as well as the calculation of the various fees. In addition to that the reduced revenues from the charges of head physicians pose a problem for the hospitals. The adoption of the new forms of treatment causes serious changes in both the functional and the proceeding organization of hospitals. The period of fixed budgets is of disadvantage in particular for those hospitals which did not manage to agree upon 'Fallpauschalen' and 'Sonderentgelte' until 1992 under the law of 1986 (Bundespflegesatzverordnung 1986). These prices or fees are not subject of the fixed budgets. Thus only hospitals having agreed upon these prices have the chance to raise their budget in case of an increased number of patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:7676748

Nierhoff, G

1995-01-01

256

Motorcycle Helmet Laws in the United States From 1990 to 2005: Politics and Public Health  

PubMed Central

The passage of universal helmet legislation requiring motorcycle riders of all ages to wear helmets is a timely and controversial issue with far-reaching public health implications, especially as the number of motorcycle fatalities continues to rise. In 2008, only 20 states had a universal helmet policy, an effective safety measure for reducing motorcycle fatalities and serious injuries. We used state-specific longitudinal data for the continental United States from 1990 through 2005 to determine which industry, political, economic, and demographic factors had a significant influence on the enactment of universal helmet policies. Our findings suggest that political climate and ideology are important predictors of helmet policies. PMID:19106423

Homer, Jenny

2009-01-01

257

RETHINKING THE ROLE OF CLINICAL TRIAL DATA IN INTERNATIONAL INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY LAW: THE CASE FOR A PUBLIC GOODS APPROACH  

PubMed Central

This article describes the growth and consequences of new intellectual property rights given to pharmaceutical developers, and it advocates treating clinical trials as a public good. Although the soaring cost of clinical trials is well known and discussed, too little attention is given to the underlying rationale for allowing drug developers to recoup their costs through the new intellectual property rights provided in multilateral, regional, and bilateral agreements. Known in the US as “market exclusivity” and in Europe as “data exclusivity,” these rights prohibit would-be generic producers from obtaining regulatory approval based on the original producers’ undisclosed test data. Market and data exclusivity is codified in US and European domestic law as well as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and, to a lesser degree, the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS). Market and data exclusivity is binding an increasing number of developing countries via Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), which hinder developing countries from manufacturing generic drugs. At a minimum, negotiators should replace the norm of exclusive control over data with a liability rule, or take and pay rule, in which generic manufacturers can use original manufacturers’ clinical trial data in exchange for reasonable compensation. A more fundamental solution requires questioning the status quo of proprietary clinical trial data. The conventional wisdom is that market and data exclusivity, and drug developers’ consequent ability to limit competition from generics above and beyond patent protection, are a necessary incentive for drug developers to fund ever more expensive clinical trials. Clinical trial data, however, are public goods that will be undersupplied and over protected so long as private actors provide them. Moreover, manufacturers have an incentive to present clinical trial data so that they support regulatory approval at the expense of public health. Although liability rules are better than the status quo, they would not resolve the problem of treating a public good as proprietary. Governments should thus oversee and fund clinical trials as the public good that they are. Clinical tests should be awarded to the most qualified scientists through a competitive process, financed in part with the decrease in drug costs to governmental health care programs and in part with drug developers’ contributions, selected to maximize social benefit, and made global via intergovernmental bodies to maximize social return. This would reduce the cost of redundant investigations to the global public health system, lower supply costs to drug consumers, and lower the breakeven point for investment in research to discover new drugs. PMID:20431702

REICHMAN, JEROME H.

2009-01-01

258

Public goods and the evolution of altruism: the case of law.  

PubMed

Though Hamilton's rule is commonly interpreted as relating to two individuals, an alternative interpretation is that it can apply to an altruistic act with respect to a large group of related persons, such as an ethnic group. Then provision of a public good to such a group can be explained by Hamilton's rule. An important class of public goods is the provision of a "legal system" for the group. Provision of this good can have positive feedback effects: as there is more enforcement, it pays to define more complex and valuable rights, and in turn such rights lead to larger and more effective societies. As societies become larger, the ability to enforce rights increases because the number of enforcers increases. However, as in many other human activities, there may be two conflicting systems for provision of this good. There is the evolutionarily old system that would involve face to face transactions, often with kin. There is also a newer, rule-governed legal system for impersonal exchanges. These may be in conflict. The older rules may sometimes frustrate the more efficient newer system. Moreover, those persons who benefit from kin-based transaction networks may resist the creation of a formal legal system. I also note that altruism within the group may lead to xenophobia outside the group and thus to ethnic conflict. Finally, I discuss some evidence consistent with this analysis. PMID:18837583

Rubin, Paul H

2007-09-01

259

Distributive effects of Public Law 92-500. [Potential effects of subsidy program on income distribution  

SciTech Connect

Title II of the 1972 ''Clean Water Act'' provided for a potentially massive Federal construction grant program for the construction of publicly owned wastewater treatment plants. Part of this subsidy accrues to municipalities and the remainder to industry. The regulations for these Federal grants are somewhat perplexing and it is not obvious who will benefit and by how much. The objective of this article is to quantify the subsidies received by municipalities and industry and estimate the effect on the distribution of income under certain assumptions. It is concluded that these Federal construction grants are likely to redistribute income from the middle-income classes to primarily the very rich. 5 figures, 16 references.

Collins, R.A.

1977-12-01

260

Public Law 100-533, Women's Business Ownership Act of 1988, 25 October 1988.  

PubMed

This Act sets forth US congressional findings and purposes with respect to small businesses owned and controlled by women. It directs the Small Business Administration (SBA) to provide financial assistance to private organizations to conduct demonstration projects giving financial, management, and marketing assistance to small businesses, including start-up businesses, owned and controlled by women. It also establishes the National Women's Business Council to review the status of women-owned businesses nationwide and to develop detailed multi-year plans in connection with both private and public sector actions to assist and promote such businesses, and directs the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of the Census to keep statistics on women-owned businesses. PMID:12289315

1988-01-01

261

The school-to-juvenile justice pipeline: Factors associated with the use of school-based law enforcement officers by public schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In response to the mass school shootings of the mid-1990s and public perception that violence in schools had increased at an alarming rate, federal and local zero-tolerance policies were implemented in public schools. These policies have contributed to the creation of a school-to-juvenile justice pipeline. In this study, one system in the pipeline is examined: school-based law enforcement officers. The

Teresa LLanira Sarmiento-Brooks

2008-01-01

262

8 CFR 233.5 - Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law 99-396, “Omnibus Territories Act.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law...Territories Act.â 233.5 Section 233.5 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

2013-01-01

263

8 CFR 233.5 - Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law 99-396, “Omnibus Territories Act.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law...Territories Act.â 233.5 Section 233.5 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

2014-01-01

264

8 CFR 233.5 - Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law 99-396, “Omnibus Territories Act.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law...Territories Act.â 233.5 Section 233.5 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

2011-01-01

265

8 CFR 233.5 - Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law 99-396, “Omnibus Territories Act.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law...Territories Act.â 233.5 Section 233.5 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

2012-01-01

266

8 CFR 233.5 - Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law 99-396, “Omnibus Territories Act.”  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aliens entering Guam pursuant to section 14 of Public Law...Territories Act.â 233.5 Section 233.5 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND...

2010-01-01

267

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America; Part III: The Southwest (Apache--Mohave). Occasional Publications in Anthropology Ethnology Series No. 4.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Museum of Anthropology of the University of Northern Colorado (formerly known as Colorado State College) has assembled a large number of Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to be reproduced as a series of publications. Included in this volume are the amended charter and constitution of the Jicarilla Apache Tribe, Dulce, New…

Fay, George E., Comp.

268

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America; Part IV: The Southwest (Navajo--Zuni). Occasional Publications in Anthropology Ethnology Series No. 5.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part IV of a series of publications consisting of American Indian tribal governmental documents, this volume includes charters, constitutions, articles of association, and by-laws of Indian tribes of New Mexico and Arizona. Documents are included relative to the Navajo Tribe of Arizona and New Mexico; the Eastern Navajo Council--New Mexico; the…

Fay, George E., Comp.

269

7 CFR 1940.325 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency. 1940.325 Section 1940.325 Agriculture...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

2012-01-01

270

7 CFR 1940.325 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency. 1940.325 Section 1940.325 Agriculture...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

2013-01-01

271

7 CFR 1940.326 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. 1940.326 Section 1940.326 Agriculture...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED)...

2013-01-01

272

7 CFR 1940.325 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2009-01-01 true FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency. 1940.325 Section 1940.325 Agriculture...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

2011-01-01

273

7 CFR 1940.325 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2013-01-01 true FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a cooperating Agency. 1940.325 Section 1940.325 Agriculture...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE...

2014-01-01

274

7 CFR 1940.326 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2009-01-01 true FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. 1940.326 Section 1940.326 Agriculture...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED)...

2011-01-01

275

7 CFR 1940.326 - FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-01-01 false FmHA or its successor agency under Public Law 103-354 as a lead Agency. 1940.326 Section 1940.326 Agriculture...RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, AND FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE (CONTINUED)...

2012-01-01

276

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America. Part IIa: The Northern Plains. Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part IIa of a series of publications consisting of American Indian tribal governmental documents, this volume contains charters, constitutions, and by-laws of Indian tribes in the Northern Plains (Montana and North Dakota). Documents are presented relative to the Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes of the Fort Peck Reservation, the Blackfeet Tribe of the…

Fay, George E., Comp.

277

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America. Part XI: The Basin-Plateau Tribes. Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Museum of Anthropology, University of Northern Colorado at Greeley, has assembled various American Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to comprise a series of publications. The present volume, Part XI of the series, deals with the Indian tribes of Nevada: The Moapa Band of Paiute Indians, the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe, the…

Fay, George E., Comp.

278

A Report on Recruiting and Retaining Under-Represented Students in Texas Public Law Schools: Addendum to "Projecting the Need for Legal Education in Texas, October 2002."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, an addendum to "Projecting the Need for Legal Education in Texas," adopted by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board in 2002, assesses different strategies to enhance the number of students from under-represented groups in Texas public law schools. The report is based on two literature reviews and a survey of efforts to…

Texas State Higher Education Coordinating Board, Austin.

279

A PUBLICATION OF THE SILHA CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF MEDIA ETHICS AND LAW | FALL 2013 NSA, continued on page 3  

E-print Network

A PUBLICATION OF THE SILHA CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF MEDIA ETHICS AND LAW | FALL 2013 NSA, continued on page 3 Snowden Leaks Continue to Reveal NSA Surveillance Programs, Drive U.S. and International to obtain messages before they were encrypted; and by using the NSA's influence as the "world's most

Blanchette, Robert A.

280

25 CFR 26.22 - May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public Law 102-477 Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

25 ? Indians ? 1 ? 2010-04-01 ? 2010-04-01 ? false ? May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public Law 102-477 Plan? ? 26.22 ? Section 26.22 ? Indians ? BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR ? HUMAN SERVICES ? JOB PLACEMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM ?...

2010-04-01

281

TenureTrack Assistant Professor -Health Policy and Law The Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (JSGS) invites applications for the position of Assistant Professor in the area of health  

E-print Network

TenureTrack Assistant Professor - Health Policy and Law The Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy (JSGS) invites applications for the position of Assistant Professor in the area of health policy and law. The school seeks a scholar with a background in health administration, health law

Saskatchewan, University of

282

Impact of Arizona’s SB 1070 Immigration Law on Utilization of Health Care and Public Assistance Among Mexican-Origin Adolescent Mothers and Their Mother Figures  

PubMed Central

Objectives. We examined the impact of Arizona’s “Supporting Our Law Enforcement and Safe Neighborhoods Act” (SB 1070, enacted July 29, 2010) on the utilization of preventive health care and public assistance among Mexican-origin families. Methods. Data came from 142 adolescent mothers and 137 mother figures who participated in a quasi-experimental, ongoing longitudinal study of the health and development of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers and their infants (4 waves; March 2007–December 2011). We used general estimating equations to determine whether utilization of preventive health care and public assistance differed before versus after SB 1070’s enactment. Results. Adolescents reported declines in use of public assistance and were less likely to take their baby to the doctor; compared with older adolescents, younger adolescents were less likely to use preventive health care after SB 1070. Mother figures were less likely to use public assistance after SB 1070 if they were born in the United States and if their post–SB 1070 interview was closer to the law’s enactment. Conclusions. Findings suggest that immigration policies such as SB 1070 may contribute to decreases in use of preventive health care and public assistance among high-risk populations. PMID:24354823

Umańa-Taylor, Adriana J.; Williams, David R.; Harvey-Mendoza, Elizabeth; Jahromi, Laudan B.; Updegraff, Kimberly A.

2014-01-01

283

Students and the Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a practical approach to the study of law, this publication offers seven lesson plans focusing on legal topics that have potential significance to high school students preparing to enter the world of work. Lesson plans address the following topics: minors and the law, automobile insurance, employment law, sports and the law, computer…

South Carolina State Dept. of Education, Columbia. Office of Vocational Education.

284

1987 annual report on low-level radioactive waste management progress: Report to Congress in response to Public Law 99-240  

SciTech Connect

In response to Section 7(b) of the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendments Act of 1985 (Public Law 99-240), this report summarizes the progress of states and low-level radioactive waste compacts in 1987 in establishing new low-level waste disposal facilities. It also reports the volume of low-level waste received for disposal in 1987 by commercially operated low-level waste disposal facilities.

Not Available

1988-08-01

285

The Public Safety Potential of Megan's Law in Massachusetts: An Assessment from a Sample of Criminal Sexual Psychopaths  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an exploratory assessment of the potential of Megan's Law to prevent subsequent sex offenses in Massachusetts. Using secondary data on 136 criminal sexual psychopaths, the authors found that 27 percent of the sample had a prior conviction that met the requirements of the Massachusetts Registry Law before their most recent sex crime. Of these 36 offenders who

Anthony J. Petrosino; Carolyn Petrosino

1999-01-01

286

Offshore Finfish Aquaculture in the United States: An Examination of Federal Laws That Could be Used to Address Environmental and Occupational Public Health Risks  

PubMed Central

Half of the world’s edible seafood comes from aquaculture, and the United States (US) government is working to develop an offshore finfish aquaculture industry in federal waters. To date, US aquaculture has largely been regulated at the state level, and creating an offshore aquaculture industry will require the development of a new regulatory structure. Some aquaculture practices involve hazardous working conditions and the use of veterinary drugs, agrochemicals, and questionable farming methods, which could raise environmental and occupational public health concerns if these methods are employed in the offshore finfish industry in the US. This policy analysis aims to inform public health professionals and other stakeholders in the policy debate regarding how offshore finfish aquaculture should be regulated in the US to protect human health; previous policy analyses on this topic have focused on environmental impacts. We identified 20 federal laws related to offshore finfish aquaculture, including 11 that are relevant to preventing, controlling, or monitoring potential public health risks. Given the novelty of the industry in the US, myriad relevant laws, and jurisdictional issues in an offshore setting, federal agencies need to work collaboratively and transparently to ensure that a comprehensive and functional regulatory structure is established that addresses the potential public health risks associated with this type of food production. PMID:25415208

Fry, Jillian P.; Love, David C.; Shukla, Arunima; Lee, Ryan M.

2014-01-01

287

76 FR 77584 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ACPIL): Public Meeting on Electronic Commerce The Department of State, Office...a public meeting to discuss electronic transferable records. Working Group IV (international electronic commerce) of the United Nations...

2011-12-13

288

New Tax Law Boosts School Construction with Public-Private Partnerships. The Heritage Foundation Backgrounder No. 1463.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes a provision in a tax bill implemented in June 2001 that allows towns and cities to build public school facilities faster, better, and less expensively by forming public-private partnerships with qualified real estate investors and developers. Private sector investors can fund construction, then lease the facilities to public

Utt, Ronald D.

289

11.166 / 11.496 Law, Social Movements, and Public Policy: Comparative and International Experience, Fall 2002  

E-print Network

The course introduces theoretical frameworks from legal and social movement theories as applied to court opinions, legislation, treaties, law-related articles, and policy-oriented materials and focuses on the impact of the ...

Rajagopal, Balakrishnan

290

PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, & LAW& LAW& LAW  

E-print Network

PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS,PHILOSOPHY, POLITICS, & LAW& LAW& LAW theory, and elements of law. It may be of particular interest to students contemplating post-graduate work in law, those interested in a career in public service or politics, and those attracted

Krylov, Anna I.

291

California Library Laws, 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

California Library Laws 2009 is a selective guide to state laws and related materials that most directly affect the everyday operations of public libraries and organizations that work with public libraries. It is intended as a convenient reference, not as a replacement for the annotated codes or for legal advice. The guide is organized as follows.…

Smith, Paul G., Ed.

2009-01-01

292

Content Analysis of Consumer Confidence in Food Service in Relation to Food Safety Laws, Publicity, and Sales  

Microsoft Academic Search

For many years, consumers have relied on food safety laws to protect them from foodborne illnesses. Unfortunately, incidents of foodborne illness have been increasing in recent years. As a result, consumer confidence in food safety has resulted in sales losses for many businesses as the media focuses more and more on finding someone to point the finger at in these

Edward G. McKeown; William B. Werner

2009-01-01

293

Are Nuclear Weapons Illegal? The Role of Public International Law and the International Court of Justice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional international law contains various limitations on nuclear weapons, such as possession, testing, deployment, use or threat of use. There are a number of general principles of customary nature that could be considered as well with reference to the legality of these weapons of mass destruction. It is argued that given the current threats in the nuclear proliferation, a comprehensive

Anguel Anastassov

2010-01-01

294

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America, Part XII: The Basin-Plateau Tribes (cont'd.). Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Museum of Anthropology, University of Northern Colorado at Greeley, has assembled various American Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to comprise a series of publications. The present volume, Part XII, is a continuation of the publication on Basin-Plateau Indian groups: the Ely Indian Colony and Reno-Sparks Indian Colony of…

Fay, George E., Comp.

295

78 FR 19062 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ACPIL): Public Meeting on Electronic Commerce The Office of the Assistant...UNCITRAL's Working Group IV (electronic commerce), the UNCITRAL Secretariat has prepared draft provisions on electronic transferable records,...

2013-03-28

296

76 FR 56865 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ACPIL): Public Meeting on Electronic Commerce The Department of State...Working Group IV (international electronic commerce) of the United Nations Commission...address related aspects of electronic commerce. The report of the...

2011-09-14

297

78 FR 69172 - U.S. Department of State Advisory Committee on Private International Law (ACPIL): Public Meeting...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...ACPIL): Public Meeting on Electronic Commerce The Office of the Assistant...UNCITRAL's Working Group IV (electronic commerce), the UNCITRAL Secretariat has prepared draft provisions on electronic transferable records,...

2013-11-18

298

78 FR 17995 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Comments should be sent to the Agency Clearance Officer no later than May 24, 2013. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Type of Request...appurtenant works, or other obstruction affecting navigation, flood control, or public lands or reservations across, along,...

2013-03-25

299

75 FR 34534 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...for Tennessee Valley Authority, Washington, DC, 20503, no later than July 19, 2010. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Type of Request...appurtenant works, or other obstruction affecting navigation, flood control, or public lands or reservations across, along,...

2010-06-17

300

75 FR 15492 - Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, as Amended by Public Law 104-13; Proposed Collection, Comment...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Comments should be sent to the Agency Clearance Officer no later thanMay 28, 2010. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Type of Request...appurtenant works, or other obstruction affecting navigation, flood control, or public lands or reservations across, along,...

2010-03-29

301

Laws of Physical Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Statements about scientific laws, called metanomological statements, are examined. The following kinds are distinguished and illustrated: (1) factual metanomological statements like ``Newton's laws of motion are invariant under time reversal`` (2) normative metanomological statements such as ``The equations of motion are not to depend on any frame of reference'' and (3) methodological metanomological statements like ``Law statements should not include

Mario Bunge

1961-01-01

302

Pediatric Do-Not-Attempt-Resuscitation Orders and Public Schools: A National Assessment of Policies and Laws  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some children living with life-shortening medical conditions may wish to attend school without the threat of having resuscitation attempted in the event of cardiopulmonary arrest on the school premises. Despite recent attention to in-school do-not-attempt-resuscitation (DNAR) orders, no assessment of state laws or school policies has yet been made. We therefore sought to survey a national sample of prominent school

Michael B. Kimberly; Amanda L. Forte; Jean M. Carroll; Chris Feudtner

2005-01-01

303

Publications  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Nitrogen and Phosphorus Knowledge Web page is offered by Iowa State University Extension and the College of Agriculture. The publications page contains links to various newsletters, articles, publications, power point presentations, links to governmental publications, and more. For example, visitors will find articles written on phosphorous within the Integrated Crop Management Newsletter, power point presentations on Nitrogen Management and Carbon Sequestration, and links to other Iowa State University publications on various subjects such as nutrient management. Other links on the home page of the site contain soil temperature data, research highlights, and other similarly relevant information for those in similar fields.

1969-12-31

304

Research Report faculty of law  

E-print Network

Research Report 2012 faculty of law #12;Contents Dean's message | 01 Associate Dean's message | 03 Resources Law | 12 Consumer Research Unit | 13 2011 Research publications | 15 #12;The UWA Law School has. Academics in the Law School continue to research and publish in a wide variety of legal areas as well

Tobar, Michael

305

EDUCATION LAW A Career Guide  

E-print Network

EDUCATION LAW A Career Guide Written By: Dan Ahearn, Attorney Advisor & Ross MacConnell, Summer Fellow 2009 Bernard Koteen Office of Public Interest Advising Harvard Law School Pound Hall, Room 329 Cambridge, MA 02138 (617) 495-3108 Fax: (617) 496-4944 pia@law.harvard.edu www.law

Wolfe, Patrick J.

306

Everyday Law for Children. The Everyday Law Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides an accessible introduction to laws that affect children and families, and the dominant public debates that surround and drive these laws. Using real-world examples, the book exposes the tension between reliance on the private, autonomous family and the public's desire to secure child wellbeing. A look at some public systems,…

Herring, David J.

2006-01-01

307

Honoring Native American Code Talkers: The Road to the Code Talkers Recognition Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-420)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interest in North American Indian code talkers continues to increase. In addition to numerous works about the Navajo code talkers, several publications on other groups of Native American code talkers--including the Choctaw, Comanche, Hopi, Meskwaki, Canadian Cree--and about code talkers in general have appeared. This article chronicles recent…

Meadows, William C.

2011-01-01

308

Statement...Concerning Enforcement of Equal Opportunities and Anti-Discrimination Laws in the Public Broadcasting Industry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

J. Stanley Pottinger, Assistant Attorney General in charge of the Civil Rights Division (CRD) of the Department of Justice, was invited to testify before the committee concerning the existence and extent of discrimination in the public broadcasting industry. The Justice Department was concerned with the Civil Rights Act, Title VI. Members of his…

Pottinger, J. Stanley

309

Annual report on the administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968, Public Law 90-602, (1988), April 1, 1989. Annual report  

SciTech Connect

The Secretary of Health and Human Services is required by Subpart 3, Part F of Title III of the Public Health Service Act; 42 USC 263b et seq. (Public Law 90-602) to submit an annual report to the President for transmittal to the Congress on or before April 1 on the administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act. The detailed information required in the report is outlined in Section 360D of the Public Health Service Act. The Food and Drug Administration, through its Center for Devices and Radiological Health, is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968. The report provides a summary of the operations of the Center in carrying out that responsibility for calendar year 1988. In reviewing the operations of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health as reported in the document, it should be kept in mind that the day-to-day administration of the Act is only part of the Center's function. Other responsibilities include the administration and enforcement of the 1976 Medical Device Amendments to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (not covered in the report).

Not Available

1989-04-01

310

Law without Law  

E-print Network

We consider a model for spacetime in which there is an ubiquitous background Dark Energy which is the Zero Point Field. This is further modeled in terms of a Weiner process that leads to a Random or Brownian characterization. Nevertheless we are able to recover meaningful physics, very much in the spirit of Wheeler's Law without Law, that is laws emerging from an underpinning of lawlessness.

B. G. Sidharth

2007-10-21

311

76 FR 4369 - Special Law Enforcement Commissions  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...INTERIOR Bureau of Indian Affairs Special Law Enforcement Commissions AGENCY: Bureau...online publication of the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Policy, Rules and Procedures, the Interim Special Law Enforcement Commission Protocols and...

2011-01-25

312

Assistive Technology Laws  

MedlinePLUS

... the Rehabilitation Act requires that all electronic and information technologies developed and used by any Federal government agency ... gov/telecom.html Federal Government Procurement of Accessible Information Technology Public Law 105-220 section 408 [29 USC ...

313

Teaching International Law: Concepts in International Relations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to introduce students to public international law. Topics covered include international public organizations, such as the United Nations and World Trade Organization, international courts, international human rights law, international trade law, and international environmental law. The goal of each study is to examine how…

Starbird, Caroline; Pettit, Jenny; Singleton, Laurel

2004-01-01

314

Law and Marine Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University of Delaware Marine Studies has implemented courses in coastal zone law and policy and maritime law. The courses attempt to integrate the scientist's or engineer's work with public policy formation. The program emphasizes historical and current issues and the economic, cultural, and political forces operating in decision-making…

Bockrath, Joseph

1976-01-01

315

Law.com  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Describing itself as "a single, comprehensive destination for legal information, e-law services and legal products on the Web," this Website offers law students, legal professionals, business firms, and the general public news and information on the law. Lawyers will find here such items as the complete text of the latest edition of the American Lawyer with its listing of the top 100 law firms in the country. Law students can take advantage of features about schools, transferring, and recruiting, as well as links to professional associations. Businesses can find news and analysis of recent issues in business law as well as updated, annotated links to business law sites. For the public, the site offers news and analysis on prominent legal issues, such as recent Supreme Court decisions and the Wisconsin suit against the EPA over formulated gasoline. In addition, an online Real Life Dictionary of the Law gives accessible definitions to over 3,000 common legal terms. The search engine for the site draws on a surprisingly extensive archive -- for instance, we received more than 350 returns for "bankruptcy" -- making this site also a manageable resource for legal research, especially for practicing lawyers, journalists, and the general public. While this is a commercial site offering to sell law books, pamphlets, multimedia materials, and various online services, there is a considerable collection of free materials for users.

316

From public health to international law: possible protocols for inclusion in the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.  

PubMed Central

Faced with a difficult business environment in the United States and the falling demand for cigarettes in industrialized countries, multinational tobacco companies have been competing fiercely to expand their sales in developing countries. Because of the worldwide threat posed by smoking to health and the emphasis being placed by international tobacco companies on marketing in developing countries, an international regulatory strategy, such as the WHO proposed Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, is needed. This review describes from a public health perspective the possible scope and key considerations of protocols that should be included in the convention. The key international areas that should be considered in tobacco control are: prices, smuggling; tax-free tobacco products; advertising and sponsorship; the Internet; testing methods; package design and labelling; agriculture; and information sharing. PMID:10994267

Joossens, L.

2000-01-01

317

Law Courses Coventry Law School  

E-print Network

Law Courses Coventry Law School #12;Contents 51 Coventry Law School Moot Room Welcome to Coventry Law School At Coventry Law School we are looking to provide you with a range of innovative courses that will equip you for your future career. The Law School is staffed by over twenty, well qualified, full

Low, Robert

318

LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, & CULTURECULTURECULTURE  

E-print Network

LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, &LAW, HISTORY, & CULTURECULTURECULTURE The Law, History, and Culture specific legal issues through a humanistic lens. Opportunities for Students Phi Alpha Theta: This history honor society seeks to bring students, teachers, and writers of history together for intellectual

Rohs, Remo

319

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America, Part X: The Northwest, and Alaska (cont'd.). Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 11.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Museum of Anthropology, University of Northern Colorado at Greeley, has assembled various American Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to comprise a series of publications. The present volume, Part I of the series, covers the following Northwest groups: the Hoh, Muckleshoot, Nisqually, Port Gamble Clallam, Lower Elwha, Puyallup,…

Fay, George E., Comp.

320

ECOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF PROPOSED DISCHARGE OF DREDGED MATERIAL INTO OCEAN WATERS; IMPLEMENTATION MANUAL FOR SECTION 103 OF PUBLIC LAW 92-532 (MARINE PROTECTION, RESEARCH, AND SANCTUARIES ACT OF 1972)  

EPA Science Inventory

According to Section 103 of Public Law 92-532 (Marine Protection ,Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972), any proposed dumping of dredged material into ocean waters must be evaluated through the use of criteria published by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) i n the Federa...

321

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of the Indian Tribes of North America. Part II: The Indian Tribes of Wisconsin (Great Lakes Agency). Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Part II of a series of publications consisting of American Indian tribal governmental documents, this volume includes charters, constitutions, and by-laws of Indian tribes of Wisconsin (Great Lakes Agency). Documents are included relative to the Bad River, Lac Courte Oreilles, Lac du Flambeau, and the Red Cliff bands of Lake Superior Chippewa…

Fay, George E., Comp.

322

UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON LAW CENTER MASTER OF LAWS PROGRAM  

E-print Network

UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON LAW CENTER MASTER OF LAWS PROGRAM STUDENT HANDBOOK 2013-2014 POLICIES current version of this publication. #12;KNOWLEDGE OF STUDENT HANDBOOK AND REGULATIONS All law students are charged with knowledge of the contents of this handbook and the UH Student Handbook and are responsible

Azevedo, Ricardo

323

Duke Law & Technology Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Law school students are well known for trying to "do good" whether it be through aiding wrongly accused persons, or by providing legal advice at any number of free clinics. This academic and policy-oriented online publication from the people at Duke University's Law School is another such endeavor, and one that is worth a closer look. The publication's general area of interest is in the intersection of law and technology, and as such it draws on the knowledge base of specialties that include business law and intellectual property. The school's Law & Technology Review consists primarily of short issues briefs that provide insight into a wide range of issues for both the legal community and professionals working in these areas more broadly. Visitors to the site can browse the different briefs through a listing of general thematic areas or merely scroll through the site's homepage.

324

Research Report faculty of law  

E-print Network

Research Report 2011 faculty of law #12;Contents Dean's message | 01 Associate Dean's message | 03 Research Spotlight: Environmental Law | 04 Early-career researcher profile | 06 Researcher profiles | 07 publications | 15 #12;The UWA Law School has a distinguished record of legal research and scholarship extending

Tobar, Michael

325

Implementation of the Mental Health Services Act--Public Law 98-621. Oversight Hearing before the Subcommittee on Fiscal Affairs and Health of the Committee on the District of Columbia. House of Representatives, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session on the Assumption of Selected Functions, Programs, and Resources of St. Elizabeths Hospital by the District of Columbia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains the text of a Congressional oversight hearing on Public Law 98-621, the St. Elizabeths Hospital and District of Columbia Mental Health Services Act, which became law in November 1984 and which transferred St. Elizabeths Hospital from federal control to that of the government of the District of Columbia. The text of Public

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the District of Columbia.

326

Sunshine Laws in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every state in the union has "sunshine" laws that apply to public higher education, and the leaders of public institutions deal directly or indirectly with these laws almost daily. Sunshine statutes go to the very heart of institutional functioning, influencing presidential searches and selection, board deliberations, research and intellectual…

Hearn, James C.; Mclendon, Michael K.

2005-01-01

327

Rethinking the New Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Article contributes to an emerging theoretical debate over the legitimate scope of public health law by linking it to a particular doctrinal debate in public nuisance law. State and local governments have been largely stymied in their efforts to use public nuisance litigation against harmful industries to vindicate collectively-held, common law rights to non-interference with public health and safety.

Lindsay F. Wiley

2012-01-01

328

Water, law, science  

SciTech Connect

In a world with water resources severely impacted bytechnology, science must actively contribute to water law. To this end,this paper is an earth scientist s attempt to comprehend essentialelements of water law, and to examine their connections to science.Science and law share a common logical framework of starting with apriori prescribed tenets, and drawing consistent inferences. In science,observationally established physical laws constitute the tenets, while inlaw, they stem from social values. The foundations of modern water law inEurope and the New World were formulated nearly two thousand years ago byRoman jurists who were inspired by Greek philosophy of reason.Recognizing that vital natural elements such as water, air, and the seawere governed by immutable natural laws, they reasoned that theseelements belonged to all humans, and therefore cannot be owned as privateproperty. Legally, such public property was to be governed by jusgentium, the law of all people or the law of all nations. In contrast,jus civile or civil law governed private property. Remarkably, jusgentium continues to be relevant in our contemporary society in whichscience plays a pivotal role in exploiting vital resources common to all.This paper examines the historical roots of modern water law, followstheir evolution through the centuries, and examines how the spirit ofscience inherent in jus gentium is profoundly influencing evolving waterand environmental laws in Europe, the United States and elsewhere. In atechnological world, scientific knowledge has to lie at the core of waterlaw. Yet, science cannot formulate law. It is hoped that a philosophicalunderstanding of the relationships between science and law willcontribute to their constructively coming together in the service ofsociety.

Narasimhan, T.N.

2007-10-17

329

Gender Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inauguration of the DUKE JOURNAL OF GENDER LAW & POLICY represents an exciting step in the institutionalization of a subject area in academic law formerly found only at the fringe of legal scholarship and law school curriculums. Often shunned as a political activity inappropriate to institutions committed to academic rigor, objectivity, and neutrality, gender law has begun to lay

Katharine T. Bartlett

1994-01-01

330

Law & Politics Internet guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This metasite of law and political resources is designed for legal professionals, academics, and the general public. About two dozen lists of annotated links cover topics such as Legal Portals, Legal Resources, Foreign & International Law, and Legal Research. Equipped with language translation software (which works well on some pages but seems to cause graphics problems on other pages), the site is well designed and easy to use.

331

76 FR 33353 - Notice of Proposed Withdrawal Extension and Opportunity for Public Meeting; Colorado  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...surface and mineral estates from all forms of appropriation under the public land laws including mining and mineral laws, geothermal leasing laws and mineral materials disposal laws. The withdrawal created by Public Law 104-201 will expire on...

2011-06-08

332

LAW, ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT (BrEST -QuIMpEr) Doctoral School in Anthropology, Human, Organizational and Social Sciences  

E-print Network

LAW, ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT (BrEST - QuIMpEr) Doctoral School in Anthropology, Human, Organizational and Techniques for Regional Development in Europe private law public Law Estate Law and Property Introduction to Private law Law for the Protection of Vulnerable Persons Careers in Public Law Law of Maritime Areas

Brest, Université de

333

law.wayne.edu Admissions Bulletin  

E-print Network

law.wayne.edu 2015 Admissions Bulletin Annmarie Urbani Class of 2015 #12;About this publication any provision or requirement at any time without notice. Accreditation Wayne State University Law of American Law Schools since 1946. The Law School's chapter of the Order of the Coif, the national honor

Berdichevsky, Victor

334

Community energy systems and the law of public utilities. Volume thirty-eight. Oklahoma. Final report of a study of the impacts of regulations affecting the acceptance of integrated community energy systems  

SciTech Connect

A detailed description is given of the laws and programs of the State of Oklahoma governing the regulation of public energy utilities, the siting of energy generating and transmission facilities, the municipal franchising of public energy utilities, and the prescription of rates to be charged by utilities including attendant problems of cost allocations, rate base and operating expense determinations, and rate of return allowances. These laws and programs are analyzed to identify impediments which they may present to the implementation of Integrated Community Energy Systems (ICES). This report is one of fifty-one separate volumes which describe such regulatory programs at the Federal level and in each state as background to the report entitled Community Energy Systems and the Law of Public Utilities, Volume One: An Overview. This report also contains a summary of a strategy described in Volume One: An Overview for overcoming these impediments by working within the existing regulatory framework and by making changes in the regulatory programs to enhance the likelihood of ICES implementation.

Feurer, D.A.; Weaver, C.L.

1981-01-01

335

Gas Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students study gas laws at a molecular level. They vary the volume of a container at constant temperature to see how pressure changes (Boyle's Law), change the temperature of a container at constant pressure to see how the volume changes with temperature (Charles’s Law), and experiment with heating a gas in a closed container to discover how pressure changes with temperature (Gay Lussac's Law). They also discover the relationship between the number of gas molecules and gas volume (Avogadro's Law). Finally, students use their knowledge of gas laws to model a heated soda can collapsing as it is plunged into ice water.

The Concord Consortium

2011-12-11

336

State and Local Law Enforcement Statistics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

U.S. Department of Justice

337

22 CFR 231.16 - Governing law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... Governing law. 231.16 Section 231.16 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT LOAN GUARANTEES ISSUED UNDER THE EMERGENCY WARTIME SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT OF 2003, PUBLIC LAW...

2011-04-01

338

22 CFR 231.16 - Governing law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Governing law. 231.16 Section 231.16 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT LOAN GUARANTEES ISSUED UNDER THE EMERGENCY WARTIME SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT OF 2003, PUBLIC LAW...

2013-04-01

339

22 CFR 231.16 - Governing law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... Governing law. 231.16 Section 231.16 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT LOAN GUARANTEES ISSUED UNDER THE EMERGENCY WARTIME SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT OF 2003, PUBLIC LAW...

2010-04-01

340

22 CFR 231.16 - Governing law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... Governing law. 231.16 Section 231.16 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT LOAN GUARANTEES ISSUED UNDER THE EMERGENCY WARTIME SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT OF 2003, PUBLIC LAW...

2012-04-01

341

22 CFR 231.16 - Governing law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... Governing law. 231.16 Section 231.16 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ARAB REPUBLIC OF EGYPT LOAN GUARANTEES ISSUED UNDER THE EMERGENCY WARTIME SUPPLEMENTAL APPROPRIATIONS ACT OF 2003, PUBLIC LAW...

2014-04-01

342

Radiation Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site lists physical laws that describe radiation. Topics covered include the Plank Radiation Law, and the Wien and Stefan-Boltzmann Laws. The site also features a table summarizing the blackbody temperatures necessary to give a peak for emitted radiation in various regions of the spectrum, and three Java applets illustrating important properties of blackbody radiation.

Department of Physics and Astronomy

343

Louis Marshall, Julius Henry Cohen, Benjamin Cardozo, and the New York Emergency Rent Laws of 1920: A Case Study in the Role of Jewish Lawyers and Jewish Law in Early Twentieth Century Public Interest Litigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this Article, Levine examines the litigation surrounding the New York Emergency Rent Laws of 1920. In particular, he focuses upon a series of cases litigated by two of the most prominent Jewish lawyers in United States in the first half of the twentieth century: Louis Marshall and Julius Henry Cohen. Among other notable aspects of the litigation, the cases

Samuel J. Levine

2008-01-01

344

42 CFR 62.76 - How will amounts of money due under the option under section 204(c)(1) of Public Law 100-177 be...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...76 Section 62.76 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE CORPS SCHOLARSHIP AND LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAMS Special Repayment Program §...

2014-10-01

345

42 CFR 62.76 - How will amounts of money due under the option under section 204(c)(1) of Public Law 100-177 be...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...76 Section 62.76 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE CORPS SCHOLARSHIP AND LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAMS Special Repayment Program §...

2012-10-01

346

42 CFR 62.76 - How will amounts of money due under the option under section 204(c)(1) of Public Law 100-177 be...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...76 Section 62.76 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES FELLOWSHIPS, INTERNSHIPS, TRAINING NATIONAL HEALTH SERVICE CORPS SCHOLARSHIP AND LOAN REPAYMENT PROGRAMS Special Repayment Program §...

2013-10-01

347

Law and the Courts: A Handbook about United States Law and Court Procedures, with a Glossary of Legal Terms. You and the Law Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For most people, law and the courts are veiled in mystery. Even though the law is made by legislators elected by the public and interpreted by judges chosen directly or indirectly by the public, and even though great strides have been made in making the law and its special language more understandable to people, the general public is still often…

American Bar Association, Chicago, IL. Public Education Div.

348

42 CFR 422.402 - Federal preemption of State law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...

2011-10-01

349

42 CFR 422.402 - Federal preemption of State law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...

2010-10-01

350

29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Law enforcement activities. 553.211 ...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies Exemption Requirements § 553.211 Law enforcement activities. (a) As...

2011-07-01

351

29 CFR 553.211 - Law enforcement activities.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Law enforcement activities. 553.211 ...LOCAL GOVERNMENTS Fire Protection and Law Enforcement Employees of Public Agencies Exemption Requirements § 553.211 Law enforcement activities. (a) As...

2010-07-01

352

42 CFR 422.402 - Federal preemption of State law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...

2013-10-01

353

42 CFR 422.402 - Federal preemption of State law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...

2012-10-01

354

42 CFR 422.402 - Federal preemption of State law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 false Federal preemption of State law. 422.402 Section 422.402 Public Health...ADVANTAGE PROGRAM Organization Compliance With State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 422.402 Federal preemption of State...

2014-10-01

355

Library Laws Handbook: State Laws Relating to Michigan Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents excerpts and copies of state laws relating to Michigan libraries. The following are included: the Preamble of the Constitution of Michigan of 1963; Legislative Council Act (excerpt); Incompatible Public Offices; Freedom of Information Act; Open Meetings Act; Laws, Documents, and Reports (excerpts); Administrative Procedures…

Michigan Library, Lansing.

356

Environmental Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has compiled a list of the seventeen major environmental laws which govern their agency and the programs they administer. Users can link to summaries or the full-text version of each law, provided, for the most part, by Cornell University. Those new to the subject may want to visit the Introduction to Laws and Regulations section, which explains how environmental laws come into being. Additional sections of the site--Regulations and Proposed Rules, Codified Regulations, and Current Legislation and Laws--link to further information such as Federal Register documents issued by EPA and the Code of Federal Regulations database.

United States. Environmental Protection Agency.

357

Environmental Law II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are papers delivered at a 1976 Colorado environmental law conference. Included in the publication are the conference schedule, the text of nine papers, background information on authors, and bibliography listings for each paper. Titles and topics of the papers are the following: (1) Water Resources Development and the Environment…

Continuing Legal Education in Colorado, Inc., Denver.

358

SCHOOL OF LAW 120 School of Law  

E-print Network

SCHOOL OF LAW #12;120 School of Law SCHOOL OF LAW School of Law, Admission Office 530-752-6477; admissions@law.ucdavis.edu, http://www.law.ucdavis.edu The University of California Davis School of Law supportive atmosphere, law students are pro- vided a comprehensive modern law school curriculum taught

California at Davis, University of

359

Darwin's laws.  

PubMed

There is widespread agreement among contemporary philosophers of biology and philosophically-minded biologists that Darwin's insights about the intrusion of chance processes into biological regularities undermines the possibility of there being biological laws. Darwin made references to "designed laws." He also freely described some laws as having exceptions. This paper provides a philosophical analysis of the notion of scientific laws that was dominant in Darwin's time, and in all probability the one which he inherited. The analysis of laws is then used to show how it could have been natural for Darwin to believe in designed laws that had exceptions, and to highlight the continuity between the metaphysics of pre-Darwinian, Darwinian, and contemporary biological science. One important result is the removal of one motivation for the anti-laws sentiment in philosophy and biology. PMID:22326096

Haufe, Chris

2012-03-01

360

U.S. Government and Partners: Working Together on a Comprehensive, Coordinated and Effective Response to Highly Vulnerable Children. Third Annual Report to Congress on Public Law 109-95, the Assistance for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Developing Countries Act of 2005  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public Law 109-95, the Assistance for Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children in Developing Countries Act of 2005 (hereinafter, referred to as PL 109-95), was signed into law four years ago to respond to the global orphans and vulnerable children crisis. It calls for the U.S. Government (USG) response to the crisis to be comprehensive, coordinated…

US Agency for International Development, 2009

2009-01-01

361

Reference Service in Law Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ten law librarians, at one private and three academic law libraries, were studied to ascertain what types of reference services they provide to their patrons. The current model employed in public libraries today was used as the baseline against which to measure these legal reference services. This model employs five traditional categories of:…

Sasala, Kathleen M.

362

Transgender Law and Policy Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Transgender Law and Policy Institute aims to advance transgender equality through advocating for non-discrimination laws and policy change. The number of transgender people in the United States population ranges from two to five percent and a smaller number are transsexual. Visitors will find that one of the many features on this very thorough site is under the "Non-discrimination Laws" link, which consists of lists, maps, and charts of which states and municipalities have non-discrimination laws that include gender identity and expression. Some of these laws include prohibiting discrimination in public employment and policies regarding restrooms and other gender-based facilities. Visitors interested in reading about such transgender related litigation in criminal, immigration, medical, tax, discrimination, or tort law will appreciate the "Litigation: Case Law" link.

363

Certificate of Specialization in Clean Technology Law Requirements, Effective 20102011 Academic Year  

E-print Network

Certificate of Specialization in Clean Technology Law Requirements, Effective 20102011) · Technologies for Sustainable Societies (Civil Engineering, 3) · Administrative Law (4) · California) Patent Law Society · Samuelson Law, Technology and Public Policy Clinic #12;

Kammen, Daniel M.

364

Charters, Constitutions and By-Laws of Indian Tribes of North America. Part I: The Sioux Tribes of South Dakota. Occasional Publications in Anthropology, Ethnology Series, No. 1.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To facilitate the study and understanding of present-day Indian tribal organization and governmental procedures, the Museum of Anthropology of the University of Northern Colorado (formerly known as Colorado State College) has assembled a large number of Indian tribal charters, constitutions, and by-laws to be reproduced as a series of…

Fay, George E., Comp.

365

Protection for Pre-1972 Sound Recordings under State Law and Its Impact on Use by Nonprofit Institutions: A 10-State Analysis. CLIR Publication No. 146  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the third of three studies of copyright and sound recordings commissioned by the National Recording Preservation Board (NRPB) in support of the congressionally mandated study of the state of audio preservation in the United States. All three studies have focused on how laws pertaining to sound recordings made before 1972 affect…

Council on Library and Information Resources, 2009

2009-01-01

366

Transsexualism and the law.  

PubMed

Transsexuals pose dilemmas for the law in (a) defining a male or a female; (b) deciding what partners are legally acceptable for marriage; (c) assessing the best interests of children after divorce; (d) interpreting employment discrimination based on gender or handicap; (e) permitting public cross dressing; (f) reviewing third-party reimbursement for medical procedures that may be deemed cosmetic or experimental; (g) determining eligibility for sports competition; (h) meeting military needs; and (i) determining socially and medically acceptable treatment in prison. Leading law cases are reviewed in each area, with commentary on relevant research findings. PMID:7718924

Green, R

1994-01-01

367

Space Law  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter examines the salient characteristics of Space Law. It analyzes the origins and evolution of Space Law, its main international principles, and some current topics of interest to the scientific community: the delimitation of airspace and outer space, intellectual property, and criminal responsibility.

Hermida, Julian

2006-01-01

368

Law's Republics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper was delivered as a Provocation at a Symposium in Honor of Professor Frank Michelman, hosted at Harvard Law School in February 2012. Using Professor Michelman’s extraordinary body of work in comparative constitutional law, the essay explores the importance of the oft-neglected normative dimension of comparative analysis. Far from endorsing a binary choice between legal function and legal culture,

Vlad Perju

2012-01-01

369

Employment Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Ross Runkel is a retired professor of law, and given his long experience with employment and labor law, it seems quite natural that he would be the founder of the site, Employment Law. Along with a team of other equally qualified professionals, he has created this site to serve as a clearinghouse of material about the world of employment law and its many facets. First time visitors may wish to check out his employment law or arbitration blogs, then move on to one of the most popular features, a list of recent and pending cases in the field that have been heard before the US Supreme Court. Additionally, the â??Articlesâ?ť area contains pieces authored by Runkel and others, including a piece on how to find an employment lawyer and several timely pieces on the National Labor Relations Board.

Runkel, Ross, 1939-

370

An Act for the establishment of an Academy or public school in the Town of Pittsburgh, Records of the Department of State, Bureau of Commissions, Elections, and Legislation Engrossed Laws, Series #26.57. Courtesy of Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Comm  

E-print Network

of the Department of State, Bureau of Commissions, Elections, and Legislation Engrossed Laws, Series #26 for the establishment of an Academy or public school in the Town of Pittsburgh, Records of the Department of State or public school in the Town of Pittsburgh, Records of the Department of State, Bureau of Commissions

Jiang, Huiqiang

371

Philadelphia University Faculty of law  

E-print Network

of the legal principle, the different legal principles insofar as the principles of public law to write and prepare articles, reports and research papers in addition to training them for legal writing Course/ module components · Books (title , author (s), publisher, year of publication) Publishing Year

372

Anorexia: A Role for Law in Therapy?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anorexia nervosa poses particular challenges for medicine, for ethics and human rights, and for the law. These challenges are emblematic of wider dilemmas across mental health and adult guardianship law and its administration. They arise both in public law (legislation and tribunals), as well as in private planning (eg advance directives) and indeed also within civil society (extra-legal or “informal”

Terry Carney

2009-01-01

373

Property Tax Laws of Texas. A Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is basically a summary of a law book on the same subject by the same author. Although the 25 chapters of the larger work correspond directly to the chapters of the summary, this publication is not a law book in the usual sense. Rather, it is intended primarily to provide a simplified view of the property tax laws of Texas for tax…

Howell, Jay D., Jr.

374

77 FR 64493 - Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Acceptance of Group Application Under Public Law 95-202...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Department of the Air Force Office of the Secretary of the Air Force Acceptance of Group Application Under Public...DODD) 1000.20 AGENCY: The United States Air Force, DOD. ACTION:...

2012-10-22

375

New York's Access to Records Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the last two years, New York State has made considerable progress toward opening its government to public inspection. This report discusses New York's open-records law and the creation of the Committee on Public Access to Records, a group of individuals who "interpret the law, oversee its implementation, establish procedures, and propose…

Tiernan, Robert J.

376

The gap between law and ethics in human embryonic stem cell research: Overcoming the effect of U.S. Federal policy on research advances and public benefit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key ethical issues arise in association with the conduct of stem cell research by research institutions in the United States.\\u000a These ethical issues, summarized in detail, receive no adequate translation into federal laws or regulations, also described\\u000a in this article. U.S. Federal policy takes a passive approach to these ethical issues, translating them simply into limitations\\u000a on taxpayer funding, and

Patrick L. Taylor

2005-01-01

377

Jurist: Law Professors on the Web  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bernard Hibbitts, Professor and Associate Dean for Communications & Information Technology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law, provides this site, "designed to connect Neterate legal academics to each other, to law students, to the legal profession and to the public at large as individual law professors become independent information-providers on the [web]." The site is highlighted by links to the home pages of over fifty law professors, to over fifty pre- and post-prints of articles (in nine subjects from business law to regulation), and to twenty meta-pages, maintained by law professors, on topics from administrative to tax law. Also included are a large list of online law course pages, three lectures, and pointers to other resources. What is interesting about this site is that it is essentially an annotated tour through the law resources of the Internet conducted by professors of law.

1997-01-01

378

Postgraduate Study in Law School of Law  

E-print Network

Postgraduate Study in Law School of Law #12;PostgraduateProgrammes in Law The School of Law law study at UC Postgraduate study in law gives you the opportunity to: · Gain a highly-regarded postgraduate law qualification · Develop in-depth expertise in particular fields of legal specialisation

Hickman, Mark

379

A Model To Avoid: Arizona's Tuition Tax Credit Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1997, Arizona enacted a tuition tax credit law. Supporters consider this law a model for improving public education. Opponents believe it is a model for seriously undermining public education, particularly public schools serving poor children. The two types of tax credits Arizona offers are a private tuition tax credit and tax credit for public

Pathak, Arohi; Holmes, Dwight; Mincberg, Elliot; Neas, Ralph G.

380

Chinese Business Law Postgraduate  

E-print Network

) · Consumer protection · Due diligence · Product quality legislation · Foreign trade regulations · Entry modes law 4 2 · Customs law & Regulations · Foreign trade law Chinese environmental law 3 2 · Environmental · Financial law · Foreign exchange regulation · Government procurement law · Price fixing regulations Courses

Einmahl, Uwe

381

Biodiversity Laws: State Experiences  

PubMed

/ The Western Governors' Association (WGA) includes both the public lands states with their issues and the plains states, which are 98% privately owned. WGA deals with most legislation affecting biodiversity, whether the effect is direct or tangential. It will probably not be possible, or desirable, for one entity to be in charge of biodiversity conservation. The Endangered Species Act, public lands laws, agricultural laws, water law, environmental laws, and funding legislation all affect biodiversity conservation and the responsibility for it. None of them on their own are enough, and most can cause harmful unintended consequences for biodiversity. The experience of western states in developing consensus principles for reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act provides an example of common-sense ways to improve management of biodiversity, notwithstanding the complexity and large stakes involved. The WGA's proposed changes call for increasing the role of states, streamlining the act, and increasing certainty for landowners and water users.To achieve sustainable conservation for biodiversity, the better question is not "Who is/should be in charge?", it is "How do we get this done?" To answer this, we need goals, guidance, and bottom lines from federal laws, and management and oversight at the state level, but they all need to support local on-the-ground partnerships. Sustainable conservation requires the active participation of those who live there. WGA's experience in coordinating the Great Plains Partnership as well as its work with watershed efforts shed light on what to expect. Multilevel partnerships are not easy and require a different way of doing business. The ad hoc, site-specific processes that result do not lend themselves to being legislated, fit into organizational boxes, or scored on a budget sheet. They do require common sense and a long-term perspective.KEY WORDS: Biodiversity; Partnerships; Environmental laws; Endangered Species Act; Conservation; Local empowerment PMID:8895414

CLARK

1996-11-01

382

Lawful Inspections.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sanitarian often spends much of his working day performing, reviewing, or supervising inspections. It is important that the sanitarian realize the legal implications of inspections and be prepared to perform them in accordance with the law. (RE)

Sikora, Vincent A.

1979-01-01

383

Ohm's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive simulation of Ohm’s law, adapted from the University of Colorado's Physics Education Technology project, adjust the voltage and resistance in a circuit, and observe how this affects the flow of current.

2007-04-19

384

Guass's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A Keynote Presentation exported as a clickable Quicktime movie. Gauss's Law is demonstrated in this presentation. Utilizing an insulated sphere enclosed in a spherical conducting shell. All equations are fully developed.

Mr. Tony DiMauro

2009-01-12

385

Energy law '90  

SciTech Connect

This publication covers: competition and the impact on energy companies of the EC Single Energy Market, and the increasing impact of environmental issues on the operations of energy and mineral companies, are discussed by leading international lawyers and others engaged in the field. The texts, thoroughly edited and revised by the Section on Energy and Natural Resources Law largely reflect some of the most up to date and authoritative thinking on the subject across a very wide international spectrum.

Not Available

1990-01-01

386

Law Library of Congress  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The mission of the Law Library of Congress is to provide research and legal information to the U.S. Congress as well as to U.S. Federal Courts and Executive Agencies, and to offer reference services to the public. Truth be told, this is a pretty tall order, and they fulfill this objective quite admirably, and in no small part due to this fairly comprehensive and well-designed site.

387

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This set of four educational wall-sheets includes Newton's Three Laws and the Law of Gravitation. They include activities that are designed to be displayed as a set on classroom walls. The pre-activity reading featuring the Swift satellite and most activities can be used in middle-school classrooms. Optional extension activities are suitable for advanced middle-school students and students in ninth grade.

Lynn Cominsky

2010-01-01

388

Military Law Review  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Library of Congress' Research Center of Military Legal Resources contains, among other publications, the Military Law Review. The Military Law Review has been published quarterly since 1958, and is meant to be used by military attorneys in their work and "'provides a forum for those interested in military law to share the products of their experience and research.'" Visitors should also note that most of the issues from 1958 to 2008 are available for general perusal. Each issue of the journal contains both articles and book reviews. An article in the Winter 2008 issue, entitled "Crossing the Line: Reconciling the Right to Picket Military Funerals With the First Amendment", is a very accessible article about the constitutionality of state and federal funeral picketing laws. Visitors interested in learning about the school that provides military legal education, and where the Military Law Review is published, should click on the link "The Judge Advocate General's Legal Center & School (JAGS), U.S. Army, Charlottesville, Virginia", in the first paragraph on the homepage

389

National Energy Policy Plan; A Report to Congress Required by Title VIII of the Department of Energy Organization Act (Public Law 95-91)  

SciTech Connect

This plan report is divided into the following chapters: the course ahead, currently predominant fuels (oil, gas), America's energy triad, sources of diversity and long-term supply, sources of uncertainty, summary of current projections, and public comments on the nation's policy toward energy. (DLC)

Not Available

1985-01-01

390

A Preliminary Annual Report, Fiscal Years 1976, 1977, and 1978. Title IV, Part B of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (Public Law 93-380).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1974, Title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (PL 93-380) was amended to provide for the consolidation of certain educational programs for public and private schools into two parts, B and C. Part B consists of school resources and educational materials; testing, counseling, and guidance; and financial assistance for the…

Office of Libraries and Learning Resources (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.

391

False News Reports, Folk Devils, and the Role of Public Officials: Notes on the Social Construction of Law and Order in the Aftermath of Hurricane Katrina  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the immediate aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, rescue and evacuation efforts were slowed by rumors of extreme violence in the flooded city of New Orleans, including reports of rampant murder, systematic rape, and gangs of armed thugs taking control. Moreover, public officials solidified these rumors by presenting them as fact to reporters. In this article, we examine the contribution of

Timothy Brezina; Herbert E. Phipps Jr

2009-01-01

392

25 CFR 26.22 - May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public Law 102-477 Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2011-04-01 true May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES JOB PLACEMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM General...Applicability § 26.22 May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its...

2012-04-01

393

25 CFR 26.22 - May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public Law 102-477 Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 false May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES JOB PLACEMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM General...Applicability § 26.22 May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its...

2011-04-01

394

25 CFR 26.22 - May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public Law 102-477 Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-04-01 false May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES JOB PLACEMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM General...Applicability § 26.22 May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its...

2014-04-01

395

25 CFR 26.22 - May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public Law 102-477 Plan?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its Public...DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR HUMAN SERVICES JOB PLACEMENT AND TRAINING PROGRAM General...Applicability § 26.22 May a tribe integrate Job Placement and Training funds into its...

2013-04-01

396

8 CFR 245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2 of Form I-485 by checking box “h—other” and writing...2 of Form I-485 by checking box “h—other” and writing...applicant may submit as many types of secondary evidence...immigrant visa number limitations. Eligible Public...immigrant visa number limitations of section...

2010-01-01

397

8 CFR 1245.9 - Adjustment of status of certain nationals of the People's Republic of China under Public Law 102...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2 of Form I-485 by checking box “h—other” and writing...2 of Form I-485 by checking box “h—other” and writing...applicant may submit as many types of secondary evidence...immigrant visa number limitations. Eligible Public...immigrant visa number limitations of section...

2010-01-01

398

“The law was actually drafted by us but the Government is to be congratulated on its wise actions”: British American Tobacco and public policy in Kenya  

PubMed Central

Background and objective British American Tobacco (BAT) has historically enjoyed a monopoly position in Kenya. Analysis of recent tobacco control debates and a case study of BAT's response to the emergence of competition in Kenya are used to explore the company's ability to shape public policy and its treatment of tobacco farmers. Design Analysis of internal industry documents from BAT's Guildford depository, other relevant data and interviews with key informants. Results BAT enjoys extensive high?level political connections in Kenya, including close relationships with successive Kenyan presidents. Such links seems to have been used to influence public policy. Health legislation has been diluted and delayed, and when a competitor emerged in the market, BAT used its contacts to have the government pass legislation drafted by BAT that compelled farmers to sell tobacco to BAT rather than to its competitor. BAT was already paying farmers less than any other African leaf?growing company, and the legislation entrenched poor pay and a quasi?feudal relationship. BAT's public relation's response to the threat of competition and the ministers' public statements extolling the economic importance of tobacco growing suggest that BAT has manipulated tobacco farming as a political issue. Conclusions The extent of BAT's influence over public policy is consistent with the observations that, despite ratifying the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, progress in implementing tobacco control measures in Kenya has been limited. The benefits of tobacco farming seem to be deliberately exaggerated, and an analysis of its true cost benefits is urgently needed. Tobacco farmers must be protected against BAT's predatory practices and fully informed about its activities to help them have an informed role in policy debates. As image, particularly around the importance of tobacco farming, seems key to BAT's ability to influence policy, the truth about its treatment of farmers must be publicised. PMID:17297056

Patel, Preeti; Collin, Jeff; Gilmore, Anna B

2007-01-01

399

Administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968, Public Law 90-602, April 1, 1985 (1984 annual report). Report for 1 January-31 December 1984  

SciTech Connect

The Secretary of Health and Human Services is required by Subpart 3, Part F of Title III of the Public Health Service Act; 42 USC 263b et seq. (Public Law 90-602) to submit an annual report to the President for transmittal to the Congress on or before April 1 on the administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act. The detailed information required to be included in the report is outlined in Section 360D of the Public Health Service Act. The Food and Drug Administration, through its Center for Devices and Radiological Health, is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the Act. The report covers the detailed operation of the Agency in carrying out that responsibility for calendar year 1984. Manufacturers of electronic products are required by 21 CFR 1002.20 to report accidental radiation occurrences to the CDRH, FDA. During the calendar year 1984, the Radiation Incidents Registry received 11 reports alleging injury involving 235 persons.

Not Available

1985-04-01

400

the Law Fund Law Collections Appeal  

E-print Network

Supporting the Law Fund Law Collections Appeal #12;Our Vision The School of Law at the University of Glasgow is one of the leading and most successful Law Schools in the UK. Nationally renowned to be among the top 7 Law Schools in the UK, second to none in Scotland and among the top 40 Law Schools

Guo, Zaoyang

401

Page 1 of 4 Pages FACULTY OF LAW Code No. _____________  

E-print Network

's new smoking by-law. The by-law prohibits smoking in all public places, including restaurants, bars, pubs and lounges, and makes it an offence for anyone to smoke in a public place. The by-law also makes it an offence for the owner ofa bar orrestaurant to permitanyone to smoke on the premises. When they arrive

MacMillan, Andrew

402

Biodiversity laws: State experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Western Governors' Association (WGA) includes both the public lands states with their issues and the plains states, which are 98% privately owned. WGA deals with most legislation affecting biodiversity, whether the effect is direct or tangential. It will probably not be possible, or desirable, for one entity to be in charge of biodiversity conservation. The Endangered Species Act, public lands laws, agricultural laws, water law, environmental laws, and funding legislation all affect biodiversity conservation and the responsibility for it. None of them on their own are enough, and most can cause harmful unintended consequences for biodiversity. The experience of western states in developing consensus principles for reauthorization of the Endangered Species Act provides an example of common-sense ways to improve management of biodiversity, notwithstanding the complexity and large stakes involved. The WGA's proposed changes call for increasing the role of states, streamlining the act, and increasing certainty for landowners and water users. To achieve sustainable conservation for biodiversity, the better question is not “Who is/should be in charge?”, it is “How do we get this done?” To answer this, we need goals, guidance, and bottom lines from federal laws, and management and oversight at the state level, but they all need to support local on-the-ground partnerships. Sustainable conservation requires the active participation of those who live there. WGA's experience in coordinating the Great Plains Partnership as well as its work with watershed efforts shed light on what to expect. Multilevel partnerships are not easy and require a different way of doing business. The ad hoc, sitespecific processes that result do not lend themselves to being legislated, fit into organizational boxes, or scored on a budget sheet. They do require common sense and a longterm perspective.

Clark, Jo

1996-11-01

403

Newton's Laws  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Physics Classroom presents this tutorial on Newton's three laws of motion. The impulse-momentum change theorem and the law of conservation of momentum are introduced, explained and applied to the analysis of collisions of objects. Both exercises provide an activity and then an assessment exercise in order for students to check their understanding of the concept(s). Some of the key topics included here are: mass, motion, force (applied, gravity, normal, friction, air resistance, tensional, and spring), inertia, and terminal velocity. The tutorial is geared toward high school students, but it is also great review material for college physics students or anyone needing a refresher course in vectors.

404

Charles's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This interactive presentation, created by Terry Bartelt and hosted by the Electromechanical Digital Library, discusses the history and theory of Charles's Law, which states, "the volume of a given quantity of gas varies directly with its temperature." A series of interactive flash animations show the application of this theory and demonstrate how different heating elements, such as candles and even the Sun, affect the molecules in common things such as balloons and thermometers. Mathematical equations are provided to demonstrate the calculations. Once the presentation is complete, a short quiz is provided to test the full understanding of the Charles's Law.

Bartelt, Terry L. M.

405

Faraday's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Light a light bulb by waving a magnet. This simulation of a Faraday's Law is from the Physics Education Technology website of University of Colorado. It is accessible for teachers and students alike. Included are links to related topics and additional ideas and activities for teachers to use.

406

Federal Courts Law Review (FCLR)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Federal Courts Law Review is an electronic publication provided by the Federal Magistrate Judges Association and edited by Carol Heckman, United States Magistrate Judge for the Western District of New York. It aims at being a "forum for the publication of legal scholarship relating to federal courts and federal legislation," and claims to be one of the few law reviews sponsored by a judicial association. The first issue contains articles entitled "Discovery in Computer Software Patent Litigation," "Instructing the Jury in an Employment Discrimination Case," and "Civil Case Voir Dire and Jury Selection in Federal Court." Two of the authors are magistrate judges. Articles are also available via email.

407

Biodiversity Law of Costa Rica  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This newly online document details the legal technicalities of Costa Rica's Biodiversity Law, made public in July 1999. The document (.pdf format) contains the following sections, among others: Natural System of Conservation Areas; Guarantees of Environmental Safety; Conservation and Sustainable Use of Ecosystems and Species; Access to Genetic Components and Biochemicals and Protection of Associated Knowledge; Education and Public Awareness; Environmental Impact Assessments; Incentives; and Procedures, Processes, and Agreements. For those interested in conservation law or the intricacies of biological diversity protection in developing countries, this document will be of great interest.

408

INFORMATION NOT RELEASABLE TO THE PUBLIC UNLESS AUTHORIZED BY LAW: This information has not been publicly disclosed and may be privileged and confidential. It is for internal government use only and must not be disseminated,  

E-print Network

publicly disclosed and may be privileged and confidential. It is for internal government use only and must disclosed and may be privileged and confidential. It is for internal government use only and must and confidential. It is for internal government use only and must not be disseminated, distributed, or copied

Lin, Xiaodong

409

Error of law and flawed administrative acts  

E-print Network

and Ivan Hare (eds), The Golden Metwand and the Crooked Cord: Essays on Public Law in Honour of Sir William Wade (Oxford 1998), 141-160; Christopher Forsyth, “Collateral challenge and the rule of law” [1999] J.R. 165-169; id., “The legal effect... Ibid., at pp. 105-106 (footnotes omitted). 21 Paul Craig, Administrative Law 7th edn (London 2012), ch. 24. The quotation is at p. 743. See also Sir Thomas Bingham, “Should public law remedies be discretionary?” [1991] P.L. 64-75. 22 Those we have...

Feldman, David

2014-07-17

410

National Energy Policy Plan; A Report to the Congress Required by Title VIII of the Department of Energy Organization Act (Public Law 95-91)  

SciTech Connect

Since the third National Energy Plan in 1981 total energy efficiency has increased, domestic energy resources are being developed more effectively, oil prices have declined, US dependence on foreign energy sources has diminished, and the nation's vulnerability to energy supply disruptions has been reduced markedly. The policy goal is an adequate supply of energy at reasonable costs. Strategies include minimizing federal control and involvement in energy markets while maintaining public health and safety and environmental quality and promoting a balanced and mixed energy resource system. Federal programs and actions in energy are reviewed.

Not Available

1983-10-01

411

The Evolution of Law Library Support to Law School Administrative and Staff Offices: What We are Doing and Why  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article looks at what law librarians are doing to support law school administrative and staff offices. The history of academic law libraries explains why this area of public services has been slow to develop. The article then discusses the type of services currently provided, including researching alumni for the alumni development staff, developing content for law school Websites, and

Leah Sandwell-Weiss

2007-01-01

412

Some issues related to administrative law in the Real Right Law of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many elements of administrative law are related to real right law. The regulations on public interests concern the base of\\u000a interference of public powers. The content of administrative private law is associated with the phenomenon of “Flucht in das\\u000a Privatrecht”. The control of the property by the based self-ruling community is connected with indirect state administration.\\u000a The rights of the

Bixin Jiang; Fengyun Liang

2008-01-01

413

Outstanding Public Interest Lawyers  

E-print Network

Outstanding Public Interest Lawyers in Action: A Day in the Life of Wasserstein Fellows Bernard Public Interest Lawyers in Action 5 These narratives, written by Harvard Law School's Wasserstein Public a generous gift from his family. The program recognizes exemplary lawyers who have distinguished themselves

Wolfe, Patrick J.

414

Bragg's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It may be beneficial to have students perform the Wave Interference activity prior to engaging them in this activity. The following handouts are identical, with the exception that one is in Word format, while the other is in PDF format. The students should perform the exercise in a computer laboratory. Before proceeding through the questions, they should be given an opportunity to review the material on this web page. Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet (Acrobat (PDF) 73kB Mar2 10) Bragg\\'s Law Activity Sheet for Word (Microsoft Word 37kB Feb25 10) The following Powerpoint presentation can be used as an introduction to Bragg's Law. Bragg\\'s Law Powerpoint Presentation (PowerPoint 974kB Feb25 10) Wave Interference Activity Prior to investigating Bragg's law through this activity, it may be helpful to explore interference of sinusoidal waveforms by following the link below. Wave Interference Activity Bragg's Law Applet Java Applet created by Konstantin Lukin with supervision by Glenn A. Richard, Project Java Webmaster Original Bragg's Law Applet page on Mineral Physics Institute web server at Stony Brook University: Project Java - Bragg's Law and Diffraction: How waves reveal the atomic structure of crystals Bragg's Law refers to the simple equation: nÎ = 2d sinÎ derived by the English physicists Sir W.H. Bragg and his son Sir W.L. Bragg in 1913 to explain why the cleavage faces of crystals appear to reflect X-ray beams at certain angles of incidence (Î, Î). The variable d is the distance between atomic layers in a crystal, and the variable lambda is the wavelength of the incident X-ray beam (see applet); n is an integer. This observation is an example of X-ray wave interference (Roentgenstrahlinterferenzen), commonly known as X-ray diffraction (XRD), and was direct evidence for the periodic atomic structure of crystals postulated for several centuries. The Braggs were awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 1915 for their work in determining crystal structures beginning with NaCl, ZnS and diamond. Although Bragg's law was used to explain the interference pattern of X-rays scattered by crystals, diffraction has been developed to study the structure of all states of matter with any beam, e.g., ions, electrons, neutrons, and protons, with a wavelength similar to the distance between the atomic or molecular structures of interest. How to Use this Applet The applet shows two rays incident on two atomic layers of a crystal, e.g., atoms, ions, and molecules, separated by the distance d. The layers look like rows because the layers are projected onto two dimensions and your view is parallel to the layers. The applet begins with the scattered rays in phase and interferring constructively. Bragg's Law is satisfied and diffraction is occurring. The meter indicates how well the phases of the two rays match. The small light on the meter is green when Bragg's equation is satisfied and red when it is not satisfied. The meter can be observed while the three variables in Bragg's are changed by clicking on the scroll-bar arrows and by typing the values in the boxes. The d and Î variables can be changed by dragging on the arrows provided on the crystal layers and scattered beam, respectively. Bragg's Law Applet with details meter activated, but no constructive interference. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are not aligned. Bragg's Law Applet with constructive interference and n = 2. Note that the peaks and troughs on the scattered beams are aligned. Deriving Bragg's Law by Paul Schields Bragg's Law can easily be derived by considering the conditions necessary to make the phases of the beams coincide when the incident angle equals and reflecting angle. The rays of the incident beam are always in phase and parallel up to the point at which the top beam strikes the top layer at atom z (Fig. 1). The second beam continues to the next layer where it is scattered by atom B. The second beam must travel the extra distance AB + BC if the two beams are to continue traveling adjacent and parallel. This extra distance must be an integra

Glenn Richard

415

Annual report (1982) on the administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968 - Public Law 90-602, April 1, 1983. Report for 1 Jan 82-31 Dec 82  

SciTech Connect

The Secretary of HHS is required by Subpart 3, Part F of Title III of the PHS Act; 42 USC 263b et seq. (Public Law 90-602) to submit an annual report to the President for transmittal to the Congress on or before April 1 on the administration of The Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act. The detailed information required to be included in the report is outlined in Section 360D of the Public Health Service Act. The Food and Drug Administration, through its National Center for Devices and Radiological Health, is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the Act. This report covers the detailed operation of the Agency in carrying out that responsibility for calendar year 1982. In reviewing the operations of the NCDRH as reported in this document, it should be kept in mind that the day-to-day administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968 is only a part of the functions of the Center; other activities, for example in nuclear medicine and medical applications and guidelines, are not included in this report.

Not Available

1983-04-01

416

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2011-10-01 true Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS § 422.3...

2012-10-01

417

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS § 422.3...

2011-10-01

418

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS § 422.3...

2014-10-01

419

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS § 422.3...

2010-10-01

420

43 CFR 422.3 - Reclamation law enforcement policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Reclamation law enforcement policy. 422...Relating to Public Lands BUREAU OF RECLAMATION, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAW ENFORCEMENT AUTHORITY AT BUREAU OF RECLAMATION PROJECTS § 422.3...

2013-10-01

421

Svetlana Kochkina, June 2012 1 Foreign and International Law Research  

E-print Network

articles, history, or news about countries' constitutions. World Constitutions Illustrated (McGill users law. Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (McGill users only) - more than 1700 subject

Shoubridge, Eric

422

Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource provides statistical data pertaining to state and local law enforcement, including: personnel, operating expenditures, 9-1-1 participation, computers and information systems, video cameras, police-public contact, and law enforcement training academies.

U.S. Department of Justice

423

43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... false Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7 Section 34.7 Public Lands...CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal...

2010-10-01

424

43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

... false Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7 Section 34.7 Public Lands...CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal...

2011-10-01

425

43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

... false Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7 Section 34.7 Public Lands...CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal...

2014-10-01

426

43 CFR 34.7 - Incorporation by operation of law.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

... true Incorporation by operation of law. 34.7 Section 34.7 Public Lands...CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF THE ALASKA NATURAL GAS TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM § 34.7 Incorporation by operation of law. (a) The Equal...

2012-10-01

427

Faraday's Law and Ampere's Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is suggested that the origin of the induced electromotive force in a stationary circuit, given by Faraday's law of induction, could be made clearer to a beginning student if emphasis were placed in introductory courses on the geometry of the induced electric field set up by a time-varying magnetic field instead of on the line integral of this field

Francis W. Sears

1963-01-01

428

Women, Education and the Law: Vouchers, Tax Credits, & Legal Confusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In early 2003, two distinguished researchers in school law analyzed aspects of the law vis-a-vis vouchers and tax credits and the public schools (McCarthy, 2003; Welner, 2003). The issues were confusing, and the author wondered how educators and the public responded. How can policy makers make reasonable decisions about public education without a…

First, Patricia F.

2003-01-01

429

Jurist: Books on Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site, a recent addition to Professor Bernard Hibbitts' Jurist site (discussed in the April 11, 1997 Scout Report), is a monthly publication edited by Ronald Collins and David Skover of the Seattle University School of Law. Highlight of the site, of course, is the review section, with five to ten reviewed new books (excluding casebooks and textbooks) per issue. There are also notices of new books in 37 subject categories, one review of an old book, and a list of law publishers. The May 1998 issue is a special issue on Closed Chambers: The First Eyewitness Account of the Epic Struggles Inside the Supreme Court, by Edward Lazarus. It includes a RealPlayer interview with the author (transcript available), in addition to six commentaries.

430

IPWatchdog.com: Internet Law Page  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Gene Quinn, a professor of law and patent attorney, operates this site about Internet law. There are several categories to browse, such as cybercrimes, encryption, MP3s, constitutional law, and many more. Some examine individual court cases, federal acts and rulings, and related news. Others simply provide an overview of the topic, with basic definitions and links to offsite resources. Many government documents and Web sites are listed that address these issues. The site also has sections for intellectual property law and antitrust law. Publications, journal papers, and news articles are offered for all of these topics.

431

Faculty of Law Faculty of Law  

E-print Network

Faculty of Law Faculty of Law (141) Credit Hours Academic Year:2012/2013 Second: Faculty Compulsory " Inheritance & Wills" 0410373 Pre-req Course Cr.Course NameCourse No. ---------3Introduction To Law0410111 04101113Sources of Obligation0410112 ----------3Principles of Commercial Law0410131 ----------3Criminal Law

432

Gauss' Law (Review) Gauss' law form of  

E-print Network

Gauss' Law (Review) Gauss' law ­ form of Coulomb's law qenc is the total charge enclosed is to A so = 0 Outer endcap = EA #12;Conductors Using Gauss' law and = EA If is charge per unit area If + charge on conductor, E directed away 0 =E #12;Gauss' Law Infinitely long insulating rod with linear

Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University

433

Canterbury Law Scholarships.  

E-print Network

Canterbury Law Scholarships. 2014 School of Law LAW #12;The University of Canterbury School of Law offers scholarships for first year law students. The scholarships are available to students at secondary participation and achievements. Canterbury Law Scholars Five Canterbury Law Scholars will each receive awards

Hickman, Mark

434

The laws of emotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is argued that emotions are lawful phe- nomena and thus can be described in terms of a set of laws of emotion. These laws result from the operation of emotion mechanisms that are accessible to intentional control to only a limited extent. The law of situational meaning, the law of concern, the law of reality, the laws of change,

Nico H. Frijda

1988-01-01

435

Ampere's Law  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The lesson begins with a demonstration introducing students to the force between two current carrying loops, comparing the attraction and repulsion between the loops to that between two magnets. After formal lecture on Ampere's law, students begin to use the concepts to calculate the magnetic field around a loop. This is applied to determine the magnetic field of a toroid, imagining a toroid as a looped solenoid.

2014-09-18

436

Annual report on the administration of the Radiation Control for health and Safety Act of 1968, Public Law 90-602, April 1, 1991. Rept. for Jan-Dec 90  

SciTech Connect

The Secretary of Health and Human Services is required by Subpart 3, Part F of Title III of the Public Health Service Act; 42 USC 263b et seq. (Public Law 90-602) to submit an annual report to the President for transmittal to the Congress on or before April 1 on the administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act. The detailed information required in the report is outlined in Section 360D of the Public Health Service Act. The Food and Drug Administration, through its Center for Devices and Radiological Health, is responsible for the day-to-day administration of the Radiation Control for Health and Safety Act of 1968. The report provides a summary of the operations of the Center in carrying out that responsibility for calendar year 1990. In reviewing the operations of the Center for Devices and Radiological Health as reported in the document, it should be kept in mind that the day-to-day administration of the Act is only part of the Center's function. Other responsibilities include the administration and enforcement of the 1976 Medical Device Amendments to the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (not covered in the report). Manufacturers of electronic products are required by 21 CFR 1002.20 to report accidental radiation occurrences to the Center for Devices and Radiological Health. The Center no longer maintains a Radiation Incidents Registry, since accidental radiation occurrences are reported through the Device Experience Network (DEN) and through the requirements of the Medical Device Reporting (MDR) Regulations.

Not Available

1991-04-01

437

State Medical Marijuana Laws: Understanding the Laws and their Limitations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Since the 1970s, numerous states have had medical marijuana laws. However, public policy makers, activists and the media have given significant attention to the debate regarding allowances for medical marijuana use since the 1996 California and Arizona ballot initiatives. Much of this on-going debate stems from confusion about the various ways states approach the issue. In this paper, we

Rosalie Liccardo Pacula; Jamie F. Chriqui; Deborah A. Reichmann; Yvonne M. Terry-McElrath

438

UCL FACULTY OF LAWS IUS COMMUNE / GLOBAL LAW LECTURE SERIES  

E-print Network

of public law and constitutional theory now writing in the United States. His work combines deep and broad-12 Convened by Dr. Ioannis Lianos (UCL) 13 January 2012, 2.30 ­ 6pm The System of the Constitution Professor in constitutional democracies. Professor Vermeule is a notable advocate of judicial restraint. In The System

Saunders, Mark

439

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2010-10-01

440

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2011-10-01

441

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2014-10-01

442

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2013-10-01

443

42 CFR 423.440 - Prohibition of State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...State imposition of premium taxes; relation to State laws. 423.440 Section 423.440 Public Health...DRUG BENEFIT Organization Compliance with State Law and Preemption by Federal Law § 423.440 Prohibition of State imposition...

2012-10-01

444

Nuclear energy law after Chernobyl  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work examines the legal issues surrounding the possibility of accidents at nuclear installations in Europe. Contents include: Regulations and control by international organizations in the context of a nuclear accident; The role of Euratom; Border installations: the interaction of administrative, European community and public international law; and Border installations: the experience of Wackersdorf. Concepts of nuclear liability and the

P. Cameron; L. Harcher

1988-01-01

445

School Law in Changing Times.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This twenty-one chapter book deals with important, timely topics in school law. Topics include home instruction in place of public school attendance; judicial review of labor arbitration awards; procedures for nonrenewal of nontenured teachers that avoid constitutional problems; discipline by grade reduction and grade denial based on attendance;…

McGhehey, M. A., Ed.

446

Hydrologically Connected... Water Law Conference  

E-print Network

to a public stream have no automatic right to recapture and reuse water after the initial applicationHydrologically Connected... Water Law Conference October 12, 2011 Ann Bleed, Ph.D., P.E. #12;"The need for security and predictability in the prior appropriation system dictates that holders of vested

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

447

Privacy Law and Print Photojournalism.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews of publications about privacy law, of recent court actions, and of interviews with newspaper photographers and attorneys indicate that torts of privacy often conflict with the freedoms to publish and to gather news. Although some guidelines have already been established (about running distorted pictures, "stealing" pictures, taking…

Dykhouse, Caroline Dow

448

What Does the Law Say?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author provides legal explanations to the following concerns: (1) case law on specific learning disability (SLD) eligibility; (2) recent developments on response to intervention (RTI); (3) Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) rules; and (4) the Free Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) regulation. The author's…

Zirkel, Perry A.

2011-01-01

449

Political Science: Law and Politics Specialization  

E-print Network

that may be impacting your academic performance, reviewing your academic progress, changing or choosing. Political Science at UWindsor offers courses in: · Canadian Politics · World Politics · Environmental Policy · Public Policy · International Human Rights · Constitutional Law and Politics in Canada · International

450

International law and communicable diseases.  

PubMed Central

Historically, international law has played a key role in global communicable disease surveillance. Throughout the nineteenth century, international law played a dominant role in harmonizing the inconsistent national quarantine regulations of European nation-states; facilitating the exchange of epidemiological information on infectious diseases; establishing international health organizations; and standardization of surveillance. Today, communicable diseases have continued to re-shape the boundaries of global health governance through legally binding and "soft-law" regimes negotiated and adopted within the mandate of multilateral institutions - the World Health Organization, the World Trade Organization, the Food and Agriculture Organization, and the Office International des Epizooties. The globalization of public health has employed international law as an indispensable tool in global health governance aimed at diminishing human vulnerability to the mortality and morbidity burdens of communicable diseases. PMID:12571722

Aginam, Obijiofor

2002-01-01

451

Safe Haven Laws as "Crime Control Theater"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: This article examines safe haven laws, which allow parents to legally abandon their infants. The main objective is to determine whether safe haven laws fit the criteria of "crime control theater", a term used to describe public policies that produce the appearance, but not the effect, of crime control, and as such are essentially…

Hammond, Michelle; Miller, Monica K.; Griffin, Timothy

2010-01-01

452

In Digital Age, Sunshine Laws Turn Hazy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School board members are struggling to interpret laws that govern where and how they do business now that as many conversations take place digitally as they do face to face. As online and digital interactions increase, so too does public concern that officials have more opportunities to violate state open-meetings and open-records laws meant to…

Fleming, Nora

2013-01-01

453

The Yearbook of Education Law, 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Education Law Association's yearbook of education law provides lawyers, administrators, and professors with a comprehensive review and analysis of the previous year's state and federal court decisions and legislation affecting the operation, management, and governance of public elementary and secondary schools, higher education, and…

Russo, Charles J., Ed.

454

Education Law Cases, 2001-2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This reference work is a supplement to the "Desk Reference on Significant Supreme Court Cases Affecting Public Education." It compiles summaries of selected education law cases from August 2001 through July 2002 and is intended as an overview of cases important to practitioners of school law. The text opens with a topical table of cases grouped by…

National School Boards Association, Alexandria, VA. Council of School Attorneys.

455

School Law. Cases and Concepts. Fifth Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public school educators are aware that courts, over the last several decades, have played a significant role in establishing educational policy. This text attempts to address important issues in school law with an emphasis on those having an impact at the school-building level. Chapter 1 offers an overview of the sources of law and the court…

La Morte, Michael W.

456

Property law in Jersey   

E-print Network

Jersey law, and within it Jersey property law, has received little academic attention. This thesis seeks to examine, and provide a systematic account of, the Jersey law of property. Specific aspects of substantive law ...

MacLeod, Rebecca Frances

2012-06-26

457

School Law.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Public employee status in relation to office privacy has not been clarified by the recent Supreme Court decision in "O'Conner v. Ortega." The 1986 Handicapped Children's Protection Act's provision allowing courts to award attorney fees to parents who win cases on administrative rights is ambiguous. The implications for schools are substantial. (MD)

Splitt, David A.

1987-01-01

458

Rethinking the New Public Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article contributes to an emerging theoretical debate over the legitimate scope of public health law by linking it to a particular doctrinal debate that has arisen in the context of public nuisance litigation brought by state and local governments against industries that allegedly interfere with the public’s health. In response to evolving scientific understanding about the determinants of health,

Lindsay F. Wiley

2011-01-01

459

TOPOGRAPHIES LAW / DROIT  

E-print Network

THE LAYERS OF LAW TOPOGRAPHIES DU DROIT Faculty of Law Faculté de droit LAW / DROIT AUTOMNE FALL/ 2011 #12;2 FOCUS | LAW ­ FALL / AUTOMNE 2011 ­ MCGILL UNIVERSITY FALL/AUTOMNE 2011 RédactRices en chef Sebastiao, Development Coordinator, alumnioffice.law@mcgill.ca Telephone: 514.398.3679 Focus Law est publié

Fabry, Frederic

460

The Law School Studies in Law & Criminology  

E-print Network

The Law School Studies in Law & Criminology #12;We know that making the right choices about your studies is an essential step towards fulfilling your aspirations. As the top law school in the North from the School have some of the best employment prospects in the country, and regularly give the Law

Diggle, Peter J.

461

School of Law Canterbury Law Scholarships  

E-print Network

can be made on this form or by downloading a form from the School of Law website at wwwSchool of Law 13 Canterbury Law Scholarships School of Law #12;Application Form 1. Name: ....................................................................................................................................................................... 3. Secondary School School attended in Year 13

Hickman, Mark

462

Current state of US breastfeeding laws.  

PubMed

This study systematically examined state-level laws protecting breastfeeding, including their current status and historical development, as well as identified gaps across US states and regions. The National Conference of State Legislatures summarised breastfeeding laws for 50 states and DC as of September 2010, which we updated through May 2011. We then searched LexisNexis and Westlaw to find the full text of laws, recording enactment dates and definitions. Laws were coded into five categories: (1) employers are encouraged or required to provide break time and private space for breastfeeding employees; (2) employers are prohibited from discriminating against breastfeeding employees; (3) breastfeeding is permitted in any public or private location; (4) breastfeeding is exempt from public indecency laws; and (5) breastfeeding women are exempt from jury duty. By May 2011, 1 state had enacted zero breastfeeding laws, 10 had one, 22 had two, 12 had three, 5 had four and 1 state had laws across all five categories. While 92% of states allowed mothers to breastfeed in any location and 57% exempted breastfeeding from indecency laws, 37% of states encouraged or required employers to provide break time and accommodations, 24% offered breastfeeding women exemption from jury duty and 16% prohibited employment discrimination. The Northeast had the highest proportion of states with breastfeeding laws and the Midwest had the lowest. Breastfeeding outside the home is protected to varying degrees depending on where women live; this suggests that many women are not covered by comprehensive laws that promote breastfeeding. PMID:22236439

Nguyen, Thu T; Hawkins, Summer Sherburne

2013-07-01

463

43 CFR 4.474 - Authority of administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...administrative law judge. 4.474 Section 4.474 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the...APPEALS PROCEDURES Special Rules Applicable to Public Land Hearings and Appeals Grazing Procedures (inside and Outside Grazing...

2013-10-01

464

43 CFR 4.474 - Authority of administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...administrative law judge. 4.474 Section 4.474 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the...APPEALS PROCEDURES Special Rules Applicable to Public Land Hearings and Appeals Grazing Procedures (inside and Outside Grazing...

2014-10-01

465

43 CFR 4.474 - Authority of administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...administrative law judge. 4.474 Section 4.474 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the...APPEALS PROCEDURES Special Rules Applicable to Public Land Hearings and Appeals Grazing Procedures (inside and Outside Grazing...

2010-10-01

466

43 CFR 4.474 - Authority of administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...administrative law judge. 4.474 Section 4.474 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the...APPEALS PROCEDURES Special Rules Applicable to Public Land Hearings and Appeals Grazing Procedures (inside and Outside Grazing...

2011-10-01

467

43 CFR 4.474 - Authority of administrative law judge.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...administrative law judge. 4.474 Section 4.474 Public Lands: Interior Office of the Secretary of the...APPEALS PROCEDURES Special Rules Applicable to Public Land Hearings and Appeals Grazing Procedures (inside and Outside Grazing...

2012-10-01

468

NASA STI Database, Aerospace Database and ARIN coverage of 'space law'  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The space-law coverage provided by the NASA STI Database, the Aerospace Database, and ARIN is briefly described. Particular attention is given to the space law content of the two Databases and of ARIN, the NASA Thesauras space law terminology, space law publication forms, and the availability of the space law literature.

Buchan, Ronald L.

1992-01-01

469

UNIVERSITETET I OSLO DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC AND  

E-print Network

and multiculturalism in the UK. In her work she has developed perspectives on gender and law and women's rights whichUNIVERSITETET I OSLO DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC AND INTERNATIONAL LAW Institute of Women's Law INSTITUTT, University of Warwick. She is Director of the International Development Law and Human Rights Program, Chair

Lřw, Erik

470

Public Library Buildings and the American Disabilities Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American with Disabilities Act (ADA) became law in January, 1992. Six publications are reviewed here. The review deals principally with building accessibility issues contained in each publication.

Richard L. Waters

1993-01-01

471

Public Health Act, 1961   

E-print Network

An Act to amend the provisions of the Public Health Act, 1936, relating to building byelaws, to make such amendments of the law relating to public health and the functions of county councils and other local authorities as are commonly made in local...

Her Majesty's Stationary Office

1961-01-01

472

Public Legal Reason  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay develops an ideal of public legal reason--a normative theory of legal reasons that is appropriate for a society characterized by religious and moral pluralism. One of the implications of this theory is that normative theorizing about public and private law should eschew reliance on the deep premises of deontology or consequentialism and should instead rely on what the

Lawrence B. Solum

2006-01-01

473

Governance of Public Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two basic questions underlie school law battles: Who governs public education? What are the limits of the school board's power? Examples can be seen in litigation regarding questions such as State-local responsibility in school finance and assessment, the public release of district-wide test scores, the authority of arbitrators to make educational…

Moran, K. D.; Martinez, Robert P.

474

Censorship in Public Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the legal obligations owed by librarians to the users of their facilities, focusing on the viewing of pornography on the Internet in the public library. The meanings commonly ascribed to the word censorship are presented. Australian federal law that governs the classification of films, videos, computer games, and publications

Biggins, Barbara; Handsley, Elizabeth

475

Law and American Education: A Case Brief Approach. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This third edition expands coverage on such topics as the law and students with disabilities, confidentiality, sexual harassment, student searches and tuition vouchers. It also includes some new topics such as bullying, copyright law, and the law and the internet. Both public and nonpublic school educators are aware that courts, over the last…

Palestini, Robert; Falk, Karen Palestini

2012-01-01

476

45 CFR 302.70 - Required State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2012-10-01 true Required State laws. 302.70 Section 302.70 Public...FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STATE PLAN REQUIREMENTS § 302.70 Required State laws. (a) Required Laws. The...

2013-10-01

477

45 CFR 302.70 - Required State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Required State laws. 302.70 Section 302.70 Public...FAMILIES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES STATE PLAN REQUIREMENTS § 302.70 Required State laws. (a) Required Laws. The...

2012-10-01

478

45 CFR 152.40 - Relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Relation to State laws. 152.40 Section 152...Public Welfare Department of Health and Human Services REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH...Existing Laws and Programs § 152.40 Relation to State laws. The standards...

2014-10-01

479

45 CFR 152.40 - Relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Relation to State laws. 152.40 Section 152...Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH...Existing Laws and Programs § 152.40 Relation to State laws. The standards...

2012-10-01

480

45 CFR 152.40 - Relation to State laws.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Relation to State laws. 152.40 Section 152...Public Welfare DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO HEALTH...Existing Laws and Programs § 152.40 Relation to State laws. The standards...

2013-10-01

481

The Institute of International Shipping and Trade Law  

E-print Network

in international maritime, trade and commercial law. They are active in pursuing a range of research interests and in the publication of learned articles. They also participate in the work of the British Maritime Law AssociationThe Institute of International Shipping and Trade Law (IISTL), a research centre based within

Martin, Ralph R.

482

The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A number of laws have been passed in recent decades governing the wiretapping and interception of conversations on the Public Switching and Telecommunications Network and the Internet. The Communications Assistance for Law Enforcement Act (CALEA) passed in 1994 requires that digitally switched telephone networks be designed and built with wiretap capabilities and that service providers assist law enforcement agencies (LEA)

Stephen D. Guhl; Ravi Pendse

2008-01-01

483

Monitoring and Decreasing Public Smoking Among Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impact of tobacco possession laws on public smoking among youth. There were two intervention sites: a fast food restaurant and a shopping mall. Two control sites were also monitored for public smoking among youth. Preliminary findings suggest that when police issued tickets to minors for violating tobacco possession laws, the number of youth smoking in public

Leonard A. Jason; Steven B. Pokorny; Julia R. Sanem; Monica L. Adams

2006-01-01

484

Demonstrating the Gas Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a complete computer program demonstrating the relationship between volume/pressure for Boyle's Law, volume/temperature for Charles' Law, and volume/moles of gas for Avagadro's Law. The programing reinforces students' application of gas laws and equates a simulated moving piston to theoretical values derived using the ideal gas law.…

Holko, David A.

1982-01-01

485

AALS Law Books Recommended  

Microsoft Academic Search

The years following World War I1 witnessed the creation of many new law schools. Standards were needed for all aspects of both law school and law library administration. The AALS, under the presidency of Professor Walter Gellhorn, sponsored the creation of a major list of titles recommended for acquisitions by academic law libraries. The list, Law Boob Recommended for Libraries,

Mark P. Bernstein

1989-01-01

486

Utah Marriage Divorce Laws  

E-print Network

Utah Marriage & Divorce Laws By Steve Averett J. Reuben Clark Law School Brigham Young University Howard W. Hunter Law Library #12;i UTAH MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE LAWS Steve Averett 2011 Edition #12;ii and divorce laws, as well as sample Utah divorce forms. Some of these forms are patterned after forms I used

Seamons, Kent E.

487

Utah Marriage Divorce Laws  

E-print Network

Utah Marriage & Divorce Laws By Steve Averett J. Reuben Clark Law School Brigham Young University Howard W. Hunter Law Library #12;UTAH MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE LAWS By Steve Averett #12;i UTAH MARRIAGE AND DIVORCE LAWS Steve Averett 2012 Edition #12;ii For Suz and family #12;iii Introduction This manual

Seamons, Kent E.

488

Dean Maxwell and Isle Cohen Doctoral Seminar in International Law "The Politics of International Law"  

E-print Network

or weapons of mass destruction3 in orbit or on the * LL.B. (Athens); LL.M. Public International Law (Athens with the OST provisions. Notwithstanding the expressis verbis prohibition of placing nuclear weapons2

Volesky, Bohumil

489

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2011-10-01 2011-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2011-10-01

490

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2014-10-01 2014-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2014-10-01

491

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2012-10-01 2012-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2012-10-01

492

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2010-10-01

493

42 CFR 137.220 - Do section 314 of Public Law 101-512 [25 U.S.C. 450f note] and section 102(d) of the Act [25 U.S...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

42 Public Health 1 2013-10-01 2013-10-01 false Do section 314...construction project agreements? 137.220 Section 137.220 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN...

2013-10-01

494

LIBCSP - Public Law 103-43  

Cancer.gov

The House amendment but not the Senate bill contained a provision requiring a study to assess environmental and other potential factors contributing to the incidence of breast cancer in the counties of Nassau and Suffolk, in the state of New York, as well as in the two counties of the Northeast having the highest breast cancer mortality rates as identified by the Surveillance, Epidemiology, End Results program of the National Cancer Institute (NCI).

495

Library Laws Handbook: State Laws Relating to Michigan Libraries. [Revised Edition].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents excerpts and copies of state laws relating to Michigan libraries. The following are included: Preamble of the Constitution of Michigan of 1963; Legislative Council Act (excerpt); Incompatible Public Offices; Freedom of Information Act; Open Meetings Act; Laws, Documents, and Reports (excerpts); Administrative Procedures Act…

Michigan Library, Lansing.

496

State Laws Relating to Michigan Libraries. Reprinted from the Michigan Compiled Laws.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared by the state librarian of Michigan, this compilation of laws is intended to help librarians, government officials, and citizens familarize themselves with the many state statues that affect the operation and development of libraries in Michigan. The document includes excerpts of laws pertaining to public libraries, school libraries,…

Michigan Library, Lansing.

497

The Yale Law Journal: Pocket Part  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Most law students have heard of The Yale Law Journal, but they may not know about The Yale Law Journal Pocket Part. The Pocket Part supplements the scholarship and work of The Yale Law Journal by providing original essays and responses to articles printed in the Journal. Users of this site can read the complete contents of The Pocket Part here, and they can also search the archive by topic, including legislation, civil rights, and tort law. Of course, users are most welcome to submit pieces for publication consideration, and they can also contact the editors with more general queries and comments. Finally, there are also a number of relevant links offered here, including one to The Yale Law Journal.

498

Berkeley Center for Law & Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established at Berkeley's Boalt Hall in 1995, the mission of the Berkeley Center for Law & Technology is "to foster beneficial and ethical advancement of technology by promoting the understanding and guiding the development of intellectual property and related fields of law and policy as they intersect with business, science and technology." First-time visitors to their homepage can make their way through some of their new publications and papers, which can include everything from work on stem cell research ethics to international copyright law. By clicking on the "Research" section, visitors can learn more about faculty research and the scholarship of those persons working closely in affiliation with the Center through research appointments.

2008-01-01

499

What law courses are there? Law and Business  

E-print Network

Essentials What law courses are there? Law Law and Business Law (with a study abroad year) Law with American Studies Law with Business Law with International Relations Law with Politics Graduate Entry LLB other qualifications information, refer to pages 124-127) Typical A level offer range: AAA-AAB For Law

Sussex, University of

500

The Right to Strike for Pennsylvania's Public Employees--Its Scope, Limits and Ramifications for the Public Employer.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the impact of private labor rulings on Pennsylvania's public employee laws, public sector strikes and their implications, and Pennsylvania's public employee laws and the right to strike. Available from Duquesne Law Review, 901 Rockwell Hall, 600 Forbes Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15219; sc $3.50. (Author/IRT)

Decker, Kurt H.

1978-01-01