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1

Explosives detection by nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pure nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) of 14N nuclei is quite promising as a method for detecting explosives such as RDX and contraband narcotics such as cocaine and heroin in quantities of interest. Pure NQR is conducted without an external applied magnetic field, so potential concerns about damage to magnetically encoded data or exposure of personnel to large magnetic fields are not relevant. Because NQR frequencies of different compounds are quite distinct, we do not encounter false alarms from the NQR signals of other benign materials. We have constructed a laboratory prototype NQR explosives detector which interrogates a volume of 300 liters (10 ft3). This paper presents abbreviated results from a demonstration of the laboratory prototype NQR explosives detector conducted at the Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center in May 1994 on RDX-based explosives.

Garroway, Allen N.; Buess, Michael L.; Yesinowski, James P.; Miller, Joel B.; Krauss, Ronald A.

1994-10-01

2

Frequency selective detection of nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) spin echoes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) is a radio frequency (RF) technique that can be used to detect the presence of quadrupolar nuclei, such as the 14N nucleus prevalent in many explosives and narcotics. The technique has been hampered by low signal-to-noise ratios and is further aggravated by the presence of RF interference (RFI). To ensure accurate detection, proposed detectors should exploit the rich form of the NQR signal. Furthermore, the detectors should also be robust to any remaining residual interference, left after suitable RFI mitigation has been employed. In this paper, we propose a new NQR data model, particularly for the realistic case where multiple pulse sequences are used to generate trains of spin echoes. Furthermore, we refine two recently proposed approximative maximum likelihood (AML) detectors, enabling the algorithm to optimally exploit the data model of the entire echo train and also incorporate knowledge of the temperature dependent spin-echo decay time. The AML-based detectors ensure accurate detection and robustness against residual RFI, even when the temperature of the sample is not precisely known, by exploiting the dependencies of the NQR resonant lines on temperature. Further robustness against residual interference is gained as the proposed detector is frequency selective; exploiting only those regions of the spectrum where the NQR signal is expected. Extensive numerical evaluations based on both simulated and measured NQR data indicate that the proposed Frequency selective Echo Train AML (FETAML) detector offers a significant improvement as compared to other existing detectors.

Somasundaram, Samuel D.; Jakobsson, Andreas; Smith, John A. S.; Althoefer, Kaspar A.

2006-05-01

3

IMPLEMENTATION OF A -NQR SYSTEM AT THE NSCL FOR GROUND STATE QUADRUPOLE MOMENT  

E-print Network

The nuclear electric quadrupole moment, Q, is a direct measure of the nuclear charge distribution, and provides an important test of nuclear structure models. The detected nuclear quadrupole resonance (-NQR, my family, all my teachers and friends iii #12;ACKNOWLEDGMENTS I am very grateful to my advisor

Mantica, Paul F.

4

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance in Superconducting Gallium  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) of Ga69 is investigated between 0.8 and 4.2癒. (The super-conducting critical temperature is 1.084癒.) Progressive saturation of the resonance is produced at increasing rf power levels of a frequency-modulated marginal oscillator. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1T1 (sec-1) is approximately 12T (癒) in the normal state. The contact part of the hyperfine interaction appears to

R. H. Hammond; W. D. Knight

1960-01-01

5

Nuclear quadrupole resonance study of hydrogen bonded solid materials.  

PubMed

Nuclear quadrupole resonance is presented as a method for the study of solid hydrogen bonded materials. NQR study of hydrogen bonds in ferroelectric and paraelectric KH2PO4, antiferroelectric and paraelectric squaric acid, ferroelectric croconic acid and antiferroelectric and paraelectric cocrystal 5'-dimethyl-2, 2'-bipyridine - chloranilic acid (1:1) are discussed in more details. A 14N NQR study of the strong short O-HKN hydrogen bond in two polymorphic forms of cocrystal isonicotinamide-oxalic acid (2:1) is presented as well. Various correlations between the NQR parameters and between the NQR and structural parameters have been observed. These correlations may be used to determine the proton position in a hydrogen bond and some other structural parameters from the NQR data. PMID:24062106

Seliger, Janez

2011-09-01

6

Methyl quantum tunneling and nitrogen-14 NQR NMR studies using a SQUID magnetic resonance spectrometer  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) techniques have been very successful in obtaining molecular conformation and dynamics information. Unfortunately, standard NMR and NQR spectrometers are unable to adequately detect resonances below a few megahertz due to the frequency dependent sensitivity of their Faraday coil detectors. For this reason a new spectrometer with a dc SQUID (Superconducting Quantum Interference Device) detector, which has no such frequency dependence, has been developed. Previously, this spectrometer was used to observe {sup 11}B and {sup 27}Al NQR resonances. The scope of this study was increased to include {sup 23}Na, {sup 51}V, and {sup 55}Mn NQR transitions. Also, a technique was presented to observe {sup 14}N NQR resonances through cross relaxation of the nitrogen polarization to adjacent proton spins. When the proton Zeeman splitting matches one nitrogen quadrupoler transition the remaining two {sup 14}N transitions can be detected by sweeping a saturating rf field through resonance. Additionally, simultaneous excitation of two nitrogen resonances provides signal enhancement which helps to connect transitions from the same site. In this way, nitrogen-14 resonances were observed in several amino acids and polypeptides. This spectrometer has also been useful in the direct detection of methyl quantum tunneling splittings at 4.2 K. Tunneling, frequencies of a homologous series of carboxylic acids were measured and for solids with equivalent crystal structures, an exponential correlation between the tunneling frequency and the enthalpy of fusion is observed. This correlation provides information about the contribution of intermolecular interactions to the energy barrier for methyl rotation.

Black, B.E. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1993-07-01

7

Nuclear quadrupole resonance of 35Cl nuclei in glassy solution of chlorobenzene in pyridine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pulsed nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements of 35Cl nuclei were performed on 43.5 mol % chlorobenzene solution in pyridine (a) in glassy state (Tg=131 K) after quenching in liquid nitrogen and (b) in crystalline precipitate under slow cooling starting from liquid phase. In both cases the NQR line shape, obtained by the fast Fourier transform (FFT) method, consisted of a

A. E. Wolfenson; A. H. Brunetti; D. J. Pusiol; W. M. Pontuschka

1990-01-01

8

Detecting body cavity bombs with nuclear quadrupole resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) is a technology with great potential for detecting hidden explosives. Past NQR research has studied the detection of land mines and bombs concealed within luggage and packages. This thesis focuses on an NQR application that has received less attention and little or no publicly available research: detecting body cavity bombs (BCBs). BCBs include explosives that have been ingested, inserted into orifices, or surgically implanted. BCBs present a threat to aviation and secure facilities. They are extremely difficult to detect with the technology currently employed at security checkpoints. To evaluate whether or not NQR can be used to detect BCBs, a computational model is developed to assess how the dielectric properties of biological tissue affect the radio frequency magnetic field employed in NQR (0.5-5MHz). The relative permittivity of some biological tissue is very high (over 1,000 at 1MHz), making it conceivable that there is a significant effect on the electromagnetic field. To study this effect, the low-frequency approximation known as the Darwin model is employed. First, the electromagnetic field of a coil is calculated in free space. Second, a dielectric object or set of objects is introduced, and the free-space electric field is modified to accommodate the dielectric object ensuring that the relevant boundary conditions are obeyed. Finally, the magnetic field associated with the corrected electric field is calculated. This corrected magnetic field is evaluated with an NQR simulation to estimate the impact of dielectric tissue on NQR measurements. The effect of dielectric tissue is shown to be small, thus obviating a potential barrier to BCB detection. The NQR model presented may assist those designing excitation and detection coils for NQR. Some general coil design considerations and strategies are discussed.

Collins, Michael London

9

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear quadrupole resonance is a recently developed branch of radio-frequency spectroscopy which is concerned with magnetic resonance absorption in crystals. This absorption is due to reorientation of the nonspherical atomic nuclei against crystalline electric fields. Related phenomena in isolated molecules are briefly mentioned in the Introduction A. This is followed in Sec. B by an elementary treatment of the electrostatic

H. G. Dehmelt

1954-01-01

10

Narcotics and explosives detection by 14N pure nuclear quadrupole resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pure nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) of 14N nuclei is quite promising as a method for detecting explosives such as RDX and contraband narcotics such as cocaine and heroin in quantities of interest. Pure NQR is conducted without an external applied magnetic field, so potential concerns about damage to magnetically encoded data or exposure of personnel to large magnetic fields are not relevant. Because NQR frequencies of different compounds are quite distinct, we do not encounter false alarms from the NQR signals of other benign materials. We have constructed a proof-of-concept NQR explosives detector which interrogates a volume of 300 liters (10 ft3). With minimal modification to the existing explosives detector, we can detect operationally relevant quantities of (free base) cocaine within the 300-liter inspection volume in 6 seconds. We are presently extending this approach to the detection of heroin base and also examining 14N and 35,37Cl pure NQR for detection of the hydrochloride forms of both materials. An adaptation of this NQR approach may be suitable for scanning personnel for externally carried contraband and explosives. We first outline the basics of the NQR approach, highlighting strengths and weaknesses, and then present representative results for RDX and cocaine detection. We also present a partial compendium of relevant NQR parameters measured for some materials of interest.

Garroway, Allen N.; Buess, Michael L.; Yesinowski, James P.; Miller, Joel B.

1994-03-01

11

35Cl nuclear quadrupole resonance study in 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl sulphone: A possible incommensurate system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pulsed nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) has been used to get information about the nature of the molecular dynamics in two crystalline phases of 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl sulphone. This work includes detailed experimental measurements of the NQR frequency, spin-lattice relaxation time, and line intensity temperature behavior in the range of temperature where a possible normal-to-incommensurate phase transition occurs. The experimental results show the

D. J. Pusiol; A. E. Wolfenson; A. H. Brunetti

1989-01-01

12

Interplane coupling in the superconductor Y2Ba4Cu7O15 as revealed by NQR spin-echo double resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report a detailed spin-echo double-resonance study of the planar Cu sites in Y2Ba4Cu7O15 above Tc employing nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR). The experiments directly reveal the coupling between the inequivalent single planes of a double CuO2 plane. The ratio of particular NQR relaxation rates is a measure for the strength of this interplane coupling with respect to the intraplane coupling. This ratio increases with decreasing temperature. Using recent calculations by Millis and Monien, an interplane coupling constant of about 5 meV is deduced.

Stern, R.; Mali, M.; Roos, J.; Brinkmann, D.

1995-12-01

13

Superconductivity and Magnetic Fluctuations in Cd2Re2O7 via Cd Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Re Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report Cd nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Re nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) studies on Cd 2Re2O7, the first superconductor among pyrochlore oxides (Tc~=1 K). The Re NQR spectrum at zero magnetic field below 100 K rules out any magnetic or charge order. The spin-lattice relaxation rate below Tc exhibits a pronounced coherence peak and follows the weak-coupling BCS theory

O. Vyaselev; K. Arai; K. Kobayashi; J. Yamazaki; K. Kodama; M. Takigawa; M. Hanawa; Z. Hiroi

2002-01-01

14

Nuclear quadrupole resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance of copper in the high-Tc superconductor YBa2Cu3O7-delta  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 65Cu and 63Cu zero-field nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) at 4.7 and 8.5 T and the spin-lattice relaxation time T1 at 8.5 T are measured in the superconducting oxide YBa2Cu3O7-delta between 80 and 300 K. No sign of magnetic order or localized moments are found. The NQR linewidth is strongly dependent on the oxygen content. We

I. Furo; A. J醤ossy; L. Mih醠y; P. B醤ki; I. P骳sik; I. Bakonyi; I. Heinmaa; E. Joon; E. Lippmaa

1987-01-01

15

Subfemtotesla radio-frequency atomic magnetometer for detection of nuclear quadrupole resonance  

E-print Network

Subfemtotesla radio-frequency atomic magnetometer for detection of nuclear quadrupole resonance S 20 November 2006 A radio-frequency tunable atomic magnetometer is developed for detection of nuclearHz 14 N NQR frequency of ammonium nitrate. A potential application of the magnetometer is detection

Romalis, Mike

16

NQR Spin--Echo Double Resonance (SEDOR) Study of Interplane Coupling in Y_2Ba_4Cu_7O_15  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a detailed spin--echo double resonance study(R. Stern, M. Mali, J. Roos, and D. Brinkmann, Phys. Rev. B 52), (in press). of the planar Cu sites in Y_2Ba_4Cu_7O_15 above Tc employing nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR). Due to the alternation of YBa_2Cu_3O7 and YBa_2Cu_4O8 blocks in its structure the individual planes of a CuO2 double plane in Y_2Ba_4Cu_7O_15 are inequivalent

Raivo Stern

1996-01-01

17

Investigation of Wavelet-Based Enhancements to Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Explosives Detectors  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) is effective for the detection and identification of certain types of explosives such as RDX, PETN and TNT. In explosive detection, the NQR response of certain 14N nuclei present in the crystalline material is probed. The 14N nuclei possess a nuclear quadrupole moment which in the presence of an electric field gradient produces an energy level splitting which may be excited by radio-frequency magnetic fields. Pulsing on the sample with a radio signal of the appropriate frequency produces a transient NQR response which may then be detected. Since the resonant frequency is dependent upon both the quadrupole moment of the 14N nucleus and the nature of the local electric field gradients, it is very compound specific. Under DARPA sponsorship, the authors are using multiresolution methods to investigate the enhancement of operation of NQR explosives detectors used for land mine detection. For this application, NQR processing time must be reduced to less than one second. False alarm responses due to acoustic and piezoelectric ringing must be suppressed. Also, as TNT is the most prevalent explosive found in land mines, NQR detection of TNT must be made practical despite unfavorable relaxation tunes. All three issues require improvement in signal-to-noise ratio, and all would benefit from improved feature extraction. This paper reports some of the insights provided by multiresolution methods that can be used to obtain these improvements. It includes results of multiresolution analysis of experimentally observed NQR signatures for RDX responses and various false alarm signatures in the absence of explosive compounds.

Kercel, Stephen W.; Dress, William B.; Hibbs, Andrew D.; Barrall, Geoffrey A.

1998-06-01

18

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance of Cu in High-Tc Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu-O  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) signals of Cu have been discovered in the high-Tc superconducting oxide Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu-O with Tc{=}109 K. It has been observed that there are two Cu sites with a different quadrupole coupling. The temperature dependence of the nuclear relaxation rate, 1\\/T1, was similar to that of the CuO2 plane in YBa2Cu3O7. It is found that the 1\\/T1 for

Kenji Fujiwara; Yoshio Kitaoka; Kunisuke Asayama; Hiroyuki Sasakura; Sinnosuke Minamigawa; Kiyotaka Nakahigashi; Shigemitsu Nakanishi; Mineo Kogachi; Nobuo Fukuoka; Akira Yanase

1989-01-01

19

Resonant Quadrupole Peter Cameron -BNL  

E-print Network

Resonant Quadrupole Monitor Peter Cameron - BNL #12;LARP Workshop at FNAL6/9/2003 2 Resonant BPM 路 M. Kesselman et al - PAC 2001 路 Stub-tuned 1/4 wave resonator 路 Simulated in Spice 路 frequency ~ 240MHz (8.5xRF) 路 Qloaded ~ 100 optimal coupling 路 In-tunnel hybrid for and 路 Resonate difference mode

Large Hadron Collider Program

20

Weak Magnetic Order in Bilayered-Hydrate NaxCoO2\\\\cdotyH2O Structure Probed by Co Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Proposed Phase Diagram in Superconducting NaxCoO2\\\\cdotyH2O---  

Microsoft Academic Search

A weak magnetic order was found in a nonsuperconducting bilayered-hydrate NaxCoO2\\\\cdotyH2O sample by Co nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurement. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate divided by temperature 1\\/T_1T shows a prominent peak at 5.5 K, below which a Co NQR peak splits due to an internal field at the Co site. From the analyses of the Co NQR spectrum at

Yoshihiko Ihara; Kenji Ishida; Chishiro Michioka; Masaki Kato; Kazuyoshi Yoshimura; Kazunori Takada; Takayoshi Sasaki; Hiroya Sakurai; Eiji Takayama-Muromachi

2005-01-01

21

NQR Spin--Echo Double Resonance (SEDOR) Study of Interplane Coupling in Y_2Ba_4Cu_7O_15  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report a detailed spin--echo double resonance study(R. Stern, M. Mali, J. Roos, and D. Brinkmann, Phys. Rev. B 52), (in press). of the planar Cu sites in Y_2Ba_4Cu_7O_15 above Tc employing nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR). Due to the alternation of YBa_2Cu_3O7 and YBa_2Cu_4O8 blocks in its structure the individual planes of a CuO2 double plane in Y_2Ba_4Cu_7O_15 are inequivalent and hence can separately be monitored by NMR/NQR methods.(R. Stern et al.), Phys. Rev. B 50, 426 (1994), ibid. 51, 15478 (1995). The experiments directly reveal the coupling between the inequivalent single planes of a double CuO2 plane. The ratio of particular NQR relaxation rates is a measure for the strength of this interplane coupling with respect to the intraplane coupling. This ratio increases with decreasing temperature. Using recent calculations by Millis and Monien,(A. J. Millis and H. Monien, cond-mat # 9506088.) an interplane coupling constant of about 5 meV is deduced.

Stern, Raivo

1996-03-01

22

NQR and Raman spectroscopy study of ?-dichlorobiphenyl  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pulsed 0953-8984\\/8\\/21\\/016\\/img9 nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) and Raman spectroscopy studies were performed to get information about the structural and dynamic thermal behaviour of the 0953-8984\\/8\\/21\\/016\\/img10 dichlorobiphenyl. NQR measurements of the line-shape and the spin - lattice relaxation time 0953-8984\\/8\\/21\\/016\\/img11 were obtained in the temperature range 80 K - 320 K. Raman spectra from powder samples were recorded for temperatures between

J. Schneider; A. Wolfenson; A. Brunetti; L. A. de O. Nunes

1996-01-01

23

Ruthenium pure quadrupole resonance spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The unique chemistry of ruthenium and consequent potential importance of the quadrupole coupling constants and asymmetry parameters of 99Ru and 101Ru has prompted us to initiate an apparently original investigation of the pure nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy of these two isotopes. A means for prediction of the expected resonance frequencies based on Mossbauer data is given and detailed circuit diagrams of a spectrometer which has been constructed primarily for ruthenium studies are presented. Preliminary searches carried out for ruthenium tris-acetylacetonate and bis-ruthenium tetroxide have so far failed to yield signals. Possible explanations for this are discussed and the value of continuing the work defended.

Carter, J. C.; Good, M. L.

24

Partial disorder and molecular motion of 4-chlorobiphenyl studied by 35Cl NQR and Raman spectroscopy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pulsed 35Cl nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) and Raman spectroscopy studies were performed to get information about the structural and dynamic thermal behavior of the 4-chlorobiphenyl. NQR measurements of the line shape and the spin-lattice relaxation time (T1) were obtained in the temperature range 80-320 K. An inhomogeneously broadened NQR line shape was observed, suggesting a disordered structure in all the

J. Schneider; A. Wolfenson; C. Sch黵rer; A. Brunetti; L. A. de O. Nunes

1996-01-01

25

Superconductivity and Magnetic Fluctuations in Cd2Re2O7 via Cd Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Re Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report Cd nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and Re nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) studies on Cd 2Re2O7, the first superconductor among pyrochlore oxides (Tc~=1 K). The Re NQR spectrum at zero magnetic field below 100 K rules out any magnetic or charge order. The spin-lattice relaxation rate below Tc exhibits a pronounced coherence peak and follows the weak-coupling BCS theory with nearly isotropic energy gap. The results of Cd NMR point to a moderate ferromagnetic enhancement at high temperatures followed by a rapid decrease of the density of states below the structural transition temperature of 200 K.

Vyaselev, O.; Arai, K.; Kobayashi, K.; Yamazaki, J.; Kodama, K.; Takigawa, M.; Hanawa, M.; Hiroi, Z.

2002-06-01

26

Measurement of the 14N nuclear quadrupole resonance frequencies by the solid effect  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

1H- 14N nuclear quadrupole double resonance using magnetic field cycling between high and low magnetic field and solid effect in the low magnetic field is analyzed in details. The transition probabilities per unit time for the solid-effect transitions are calculated. The double resonance spectra are calculated in the limiting cases of fast and slow nitrogen spin-lattice relaxation. The double resonance spectra are measured in histamine and quinolinic acid. The experimental spectra are analyzed and the 14N NQR frequencies are determined.

Seliger, J.; 巃gar, V.

2008-07-01

27

Rabi and Larmor nuclear quadrupole double resonance of spin-1 nuclei.  

PubMed

We demonstrate the creation of two novel double-resonance conditions between spin-1 and spin-1/2 nuclei in a crystalline solid. Using a magnetic field oscillating at the spin-1/2 Larmor frequency, the nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) frequency is matched to the Rabi or Rabi plus Larmor frequency, as opposed to the Larmor frequency as is conventionally done. We derive expressions for the cross-polarization rate for all three conditions in terms of the relevant secular dipolar Hamiltonian, and demonstrate with these expressions how to measure the strength of the heterogenous dipolar coupling using only low magnetic fields. In addition, the combination of different resonance conditions permits the measurement of the spin-1/2 angular momentum vector using spin-1 NQR, opening up an alternate modality for the monitoring of low-field nuclear magnetic resonance. We use ammonium nitrate to explore these resonance conditions, and furthermore use the oscillating field to increase the signal-to-noise ratio per time by a factor of 3.5 for NQR detection of this substance. PMID:23231223

Prescott, D W; Malone, M W; Douglass, S P; Sauer, K L

2012-12-01

28

Rabi and Larmor nuclear quadrupole double resonance of spin-1 nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate the creation of two novel double-resonance conditions between spin-1 and spin-1/2 nuclei in a crystalline solid. Using a magnetic field oscillating at the spin-1/2 Larmor frequency, the nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) frequency is matched to the Rabi or Rabi plus Larmor frequency, as opposed to the Larmor frequency as is conventionally done. We derive expressions for the cross-polarization rate for all three conditions in terms of the relevant secular dipolar Hamiltonian, and demonstrate with these expressions how to measure the strength of the heterogenous dipolar coupling using only low magnetic fields. In addition, the combination of different resonance conditions permits the measurement of the spin-1/2 angular momentum vector using spin-1 NQR, opening up an alternate modality for the monitoring of low-field nuclear magnetic resonance. We use ammonium nitrate to explore these resonance conditions, and furthermore use the oscillating field to increase the signal-to-noise ratio per time by a factor of 3.5 for NQR detection of this substance.

Prescott, D. W.; Malone, M. W.; Douglass, S. P.; Sauer, K. L.

2012-12-01

29

An analytical method for estimating the {sup 14}N nuclear quadrupole resonance parameters of organic compounds with complex free induction decays for radiation effects studies  

SciTech Connect

The use of {sup 14}N nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) as a radiation dosimetry tool has only recently been explored. An analytical method for analyzing {sup 14}N NQR complex free induction decays is presented with the background necessary to conduct pulsed NQR experiments. The {sup 14}N NQR energy levels and possible transitions are derived in step-by-step detail. The components of a pulsed NQR spectrometer are discussed along with the experimental techniques for conducting radiation effects experiments using the spectrometer. Three data analysis techniques -- the power spectral density Fourier transform, state space singular value decomposition (HSVD), and nonlinear curve fitting (using the downhill simplex method of global optimization and the Levenberg-Marquart method) -- are explained. These three techniques are integrated into an analytical method which uses these numerical techniques in this order to determine the physical NQR parameters. Sample data sets of urea and guanidine sulfate data are used to demonstrate how these methods can be employed to analyze both simple and complex free induction decays. By determining baseline values for biologically significant organics, radiation effects on the NQR parameters can be studied to provide a link between current radiation dosimetry techniques and the biological effects of radiation.

Iselin, L.H.

1992-12-31

30

Analysis of nuclear-quadrupole-resonance spectrum of incommensurate phases: The case of bis(4-chlorophenyl) sulfone  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, previous experimental studies of the 35Cl nuclear-quadrupole-resonance (NQR) line shape in the incommensurate phase of bis(4-chlorophenyl) sulfone were extended. The broad spectra in the incommensurate phase (IC) were measured using the Fourier transform of the nuclear signal to avoid systematic errors committed in some studies of this compound. The results were interpreted within the framework of the

J. Schneider; C. Sch黵rer; A. Wolfenson; A. Brunetti

1998-01-01

31

A study of the semiconductor compound ?uAlO2 by the method of nuclear quadrupole resonance of Cu  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The method of nuclear quadrupole resonance of Cu (NQR Cu) is used to study the samples of a semiconductor compound CuAlO2. The crystal structure of CuAlO2 belongs to the family of delafossite - the mineral of a basic CuFeO2 structure. Transparent semiconductor oxides, such as CuAlO2, have attracted recent attention as promising thermoelectric materials.

Matukhin, V. L.; Khabibulin, I. Kh.; Shul'gin, D. A.; Smidt, S. V.

2012-07-01

32

Some features of double-resonance detection of 17O NQR in ice  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Proton oxygen-17 double resonance was used to detect the NQR signals of 17O in natural abundance and isotope-enriched ice. When a nonmodulated rf irradiation was applied to a search for the NQR signals, absorptions due to the "solid state effect" which were shifted toward higher frequencies from resonance were detected only in enriched samples. In such circumtances, a saturation phenomenon was observed; at a given frequency (in the vicinity of a resonance) and 17O concentration, the scaling-down factor of the proton signal reaches a characteristic minimum value. The dependence of this value on the 17O concentration indicates that the two spin systems evolve toward a common final spin temperature in the rotating frame, limiting the signal detection to enriched ice. When the NQR irradiation was modulated at a frequency comparable to the dipole-dipole interaction energy between the two nuclear spin systems and applied at resonance, the proton spin temperature evolved to infinity, thus allowing signal detection even at very low concentrations such as the natural abundance of 17O. Distinct signals were detected at 1615 5, 1710 5, and 3320 10 kHz, which yield the quadrupolar parameters e2qQ = 6.42 MHz and ? = 0.924, consistent with a recent report by Brosnon and Edmonds.

Margalit, Yair; Shporer, Mordechai

33

Utilization of pure nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy for the study of pharmaceutical crystal forms.  

PubMed

Solid-state physical characterization of a pharmaceutical substance is necessary for successful development and approval of the final product. Different physical analytical techniques are available to do so: X-ray diffraction (XRD), IR, Raman, DSC, TG and NMR. Moreover, all of them detect the presence of excipients perturbing the analysis of the pure substance in low doses. In order to study polymorphism and pseudo polymorphism of drug, this paper introduces possible applications of pure nuclear quadrupole resonance, as a non-destructive technique in qualitative and quantitative approaches. Chlorpropamide and diclofenac sodium were used as examples. Unlike the mentioned techniques, the nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) signal of pharmaceutical compounds is not perturbed by the presence of solid excipient or other substances unless they possess resonance frequencies in the same frequency range of the compound studied. PMID:15913931

P閞ez, S C; Cerioni, L; Wolfenson, A E; Faudone, S; Cuffini, S L

2005-07-14

34

A no-tune no-match wideband probe for nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy in the VHF range  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) spectroscopy is a method for the characterization of chemical compounds containing so-called quadrupolar nuclei. Similar to nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), the sample under investigation is irradiated with strong radiofrequency (RF) pulses, which stimulate the emission of weak RF signals from the quadrupolar nuclei. The signals are then amplified and Fourier transformed so as to obtain a spectrum. In principle, narrowband NQR spectra can be measured with NMR spectrometers. However, pure NQR signals require the absence of a static magnetic field and several special applications require the characterization of a substance over a large bandwidth, e.g. 50100% of the central frequency, which is hardly possible with standard NMR equipment. Dedicated zero-field NQR equipment is not widespread and current concepts employ resonating probes which are tuned and matched over a wide range by using mechanical capacitors driven by stepper motors. While providing the highest signal to noise ratio (SNR) such probes are slow in operation and can only be operated from dedicated NMR consoles. We developed a low-cost NQR wideband probe without tuning and matching for applications in the very high frequency (VHF) range below 300?MHz. The probe coil was realized as part of a reactive network which approximates an exponential transmission line. The input reflection coefficient of the two developed prototype probe coils is ? 20?dB between 90145?MHz and 74.599.5?MHz, respectively. Two wideband NQR spectra of published test substances were acquired with an SNR of better than 20?dB after sufficient averaging. The measured signals and the SNR correspond very well to the theoretically expected values and demonstrate the feasibility of the method. Because there is no need for tuning and matching, our probes can be operated easily from any available NMR console.

Scharfetter, Hermann; Petrovic, Andreas; Eggenhofer, Heidi; Stollberger, Rudolf

2014-12-01

35

QUADRUPOLE RESONANCES OF ATOMIC NUCLEI  

Microsoft Academic Search

Collective states of atomic nuclei excited by absorption of quadrupole ; gamma quanta are considered in the shell model approximation. It is shown that ; in heavy nuclei the residual interaction leads to the appearance of two groups of ; states that are preferred with respect to energy and to the probability for ; quadrupole gamma absorption. The group of

V. G. Shevchenko; N. P. Yudin; B. A. Yurev

1963-01-01

36

Ultra-Low Temperature Thermometry Using Zeeman Perturbed NQR  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the results of measurements of the magnetic field perturbed nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) lines of powdered Sb immersed in liquid3He at low temperatures. The magnetic field was used to separate the frequencies of the allowed transitions between the \\u000a

E. B. Genio; G. G. Ihas; N. S. Sullivan

1998-01-01

37

NQR Characteristics of an RDX Plastic Explosives Simulant.  

PubMed

For reliable detection of explosives, a combination of methods integrated within a single measurement platform may increase detection performance. However, the efficient field testing of such measurement platforms requires the use of inexplosive simulants that are detectable by a wide range of methods. Physical parameters such as simulant density, elemental composition and crystalline structure must closely match those of the target explosive. The highly discriminating bulk detection characteristics of nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) especially constrain simulant design. This paper describes the development of an inexplosive RDX simulant suited to a wide range of measurement methods, including NQR. Measurements are presented that confirm an RDX NQR response from the simulant. The potential use of the simulant for field testing a prototype handheld NQR-based RDX detector is analyzed. Only modest changes in prototype operation during field testing would be required to account for the use of simulant rather than real explosive. PMID:23204647

Turecek, J; Schwitter, B; Miljak, D; Stancl, M

2012-12-01

38

Intensity of NQR lines for integer spins  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because of the publication of contradictory information demonstrating an incorrect approach to the modeling of NQR-NMR frequency-intensity spectra of integral-spin isotopes (for example, boron-10), we study the NQR-NMR double resonance with level crossing (DRLC) in10B-1H,11B-1H,59K-1H and23Na-1H in crystal hydrates of sodium tetraborate (Na2B4O710H2O) and potassium tetraborate (K2B4O74H2O) and the results of the measurements are compared with theoretical calculations. The fact that for a system including three elements-quadrupole (NQR), Zeeman (NMR), and dipole-dipole, which establishes the interaction of the first two- the intensities of the lines in double resonance spectra are determined both by the equations of balance of the populations of the levels of the quadrupole and Zeeman reservoirs and by the probabilities of transitions within each reservoir is taken into account in the calculations. The distortion of the energy levels of the NQR subsystem by the magnetic field in the process of level crossing with the NMR subsystem is taken into account.

Anferov, V. P.; Beloglazov, G. S.; Grechishkin, V. S.

1986-12-01

39

Strong coupling between antiferromagnetic and superconducting order parameters of CeRhIn5 studied by I115n nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on a pressure (P) -induced evolution of magnetism and superconductivity (SC) in a helical magnet CeRhIn5 with an incommensurate wave vector Qi=((1)\\/(2),(1)\\/(2),0.297) through the I115n nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements under P . Systematic measurements of the I115n -NQR spectrum reveal that the commensurate antiferromagnetism (AFM) with Qc=((1)\\/(2),(1)\\/(2),(1)\\/(2)) is realized above Pm1.7GPa . An important finding is that

M. Yashima; H. Mukuda; Y. Kitaoka; H. Shishido; R. Settai; Y. Onuki

2009-01-01

40

Multiband Superconductivity in Filled-Skutterudite Compounds (Pr1-xLax)Os4Sb12: An Sb Nuclear-Quadrupole-Resonance Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on the systematic evolution of normal-state properties and superconducting characteristics in filled-skutterudite compounds (Pr1-xLax)Os4Sb12 determined using Sb nuclear-quadrupole-resonance (NQR) experiments. The Sb-NQR spectra in these compounds have split into two sets, arising from different Sb12 cages containing either Pr or La, which enables us to measure two kinds of nuclear spin-lattice relaxation time T1Pr and T1La. In the

Mamoru Yogi; Takayuki Nagai; Yojyu Imamura; Hidekazu Mukuda; Yoshio Kitaoka; Daisuke Kikuchi; Hitoshi Sugawara; Yuji Aoki; Hideyuki Sato; Hisatomo Harima

2006-01-01

41

Hydrogen bonding and proton transfer in cocrystals of 4,4'-bipyridyl and organic acids studied using nuclear quadrupole resonance.  

PubMed

Cocrystals of 4,4'-bipyridyl and several carboxylic acids were grown from the methanol solution of the cocrystal formers. Complete (14)N NQR spectra of these cocrystals have been measured using (1)H-(14)N nuclear quadrupole double resonance. The principal values of the quadrupole coupling tensor are calculated from the (14)N NQR frequencies. A large variation in the (14)N quadrupole coupling constant between 1.3 MHz and 4.7 MHz is observed. A very low (14)N quadrupole coupling constant, characteristic for proton transfer O-H贩種 ? O(-)贩稨-N(+), is observed in 4,4'-bipyridyl-oxalic acid (1?:?1). In 4,4'-bipyridyl-5-chlorosalycilic acid (1?:?1) the (14)N NQR data show the presence of a short, strong N贩稨贩稯 hydrogen bond. A correlation of the principal values of the (14)N quadrupole coupling tensor is observed. The correlation is analyzed in the model, where the deformation of the lone pair electron orbital and the change of the population of the ?-electron orbital produce the variation of the (14)N quadrupole coupling tensor in the hydrogen bonded 4,4'-bipyridyl. The temperature variation of the (14)N quadrupole coupling tensor in 4,4'-bipyridyl-5-chlorosalycilic acid (1?:?1) is analyzed. Proton displacement within the N贩稨贩稯 hydrogen bond and the change of the population of the ?-electron orbital at the two nitrogen positions in a 4,4'-bipyridyl molecule in the temperature interval between 157 K and 323 K are determined. PMID:25052623

Seliger, Janez; 巃gar, Veselko

2014-09-14

42

Quadrupole resonance spectroscopic study of narcotic materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bulk narcotic detection systems based upon Quadrupole Resonance Analysis (QRA) technology have a major advantage over imaging technologies, in that QRA is chemical-specific and consequently has a lower rate of false alarms. QRA is a magnetic resonance technology which occurs as a result of the inherent molecular properties of the atomic nuclei in crystalline and amorphous solids. The QRA response

Timothy J. Rayner; Rebecca West; Allen N. Garroway; R. Lyndquist; James P. Yesinowski

1997-01-01

43

Giant Quadrupole-Resonance in Ni Isotopes  

E-print Network

Inelastic scattering of 129 MeV alpha particles has been used to excite the giant quadrupole resonance in Ni-58, Ni-60, Ni-62, Ni-64. The resonance was found to exhaust 58 +/- 12%, 76 +/- 14%, 78 +/- 14%, and 90 +/-16% of the E2 energy-weighted sum...

Youngblood, David H.; Lui, YW; Garg, U.; Peterson, R. J.

1992-01-01

44

Low-power stimulated emission nuclear quadrupole resonance detection system utilizing Rabi transitions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of CW radar techniques to Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) detection of nitrogen based explosives and chlorine based narcotics enables the use of low power levels, in the range of 10's of watts, to yield high signal strengths. By utilizing Rabi transitions the nucleus oscillates between states one and two under the time dependent incident electromagnetic field and alternately absorbs energy from the incident field while emitting coherent energy via stimulated emission. Through the application of a cancellation algorithm the incident field is eliminated from the NQR response, allowing the receive signal to be measured while transmitting. The response signal is processed using matched filters of the NQR response which enables the direct detection of explosives. This technology has applicability to the direct detection of explosives and narcotics for security screening, all at safe low power levels, opposed to the current XRay and Millimeter wave screening systems that detect objects that may contain explosives and utilize high power. The quantum mechanics theoretical basis for the approach and an application for a system for security screening are described with empirical results presented to show the effects observed.

Apostolos, John; Mouyos, William; Feng, Judy; Chase, Walter

2013-06-01

45

The incommensurate phase of 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl sulphone reinvestigated by 35Cl NQR  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to acquire new information about the normal-incommensurate (IC) phase transition and to check the existence of a lock-in transition in 4,4'-dichlorobiphenyl sulphone (4,4'-DCBS), a comprehensive 35Cl nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) study is reported. Detailed NQR measurements of frequency, line width and spin relaxation time (Tl) were obtained in the temperature range 80-270 K. The results show that the

J. Schneider; A. Wolfenson; A. Brunetti

1994-01-01

46

Nuclear quadrupole resonance studies of transparent conducting oxides.  

PubMed

We report (63,65)Cu spin-lattice relaxation rates measured by nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) in the delafossite compound CuYO(2) and CuYO(2):Ca over a temperature range from 200 to 450K. CuYO(2):Ca is a prototype transparent oxide exhibiting p-type electrical conductivity. Relaxation rates in CuYO(2):Ca are enhanced by one to two orders of magnitude relative to undoped material, exhibit much stronger temperature dependence, and contain contributions from magnetic and quadrupolar relaxation mechanisms with roughly equal strengths. Relaxation in undoped CuYO(2) is of purely quadrupolar origin and is attributed to interactions with lattice phonons. The main focus of this paper is the magnetic contribution to the relaxation rate in CuYO(2):Ca which is attributed to the hyperfine fields of carriers. It is argued that the dynamics of the hyperfine field are dominated by the hopping rate for carrier transfers between neighboring atoms in the copper planes of the delafossite structure. Comparison of the magnetic relaxation rates with the DC conductivity permits an estimate of the carrier concentration and mobility. PMID:15388186

Warren, W W; Rajabzadeh, A; Olheiser, T; Liu, J; Tate, J; Jayaraj, M K; Vanaja, K A

2004-01-01

47

Radio frequency quadrupole resonator for linear accelerator  

DOEpatents

An RFQ resonator for a linear accelerator having a reduced level of interfering modes and producing a quadrupole mode for focusing, bunching and accelerating beams of heavy charged particles, with the construction being characterized by four elongated resonating rods within a cylinder with the rods being alternately shorted and open electrically to the shell at common ends of the rods to provide an LC parallel resonant circuit when activated by a magnetic field transverse to the longitudinal axis.

Moretti, Alfred (Downers Grove, IL)

1985-01-01

48

Static Theory of the Giant Quadrupole Resonance in Deformed Nuclei  

Microsoft Academic Search

The modes and frequencies of the giant quadrupole resonance of heavy deformed nuclei have been calculated. The quadrupole operator is computed and the absorption cross section is derived. The quadrupole sum rule is discussed, and the relevant oscillator strengths have been evaluated for various orientations of the nucleus. The giant quadrupole resonances have energies between 20 and 25 MeV. The

Michael Danos; Walter Greiner; C. Byron Kohr

1966-01-01

49

Variable-pitch rectangular cross-section radiofrequency coils for the nitrogen-14 nuclear quadrupole resonance investigation of sealed medicines packets.  

PubMed

The performance of rectangular radio frequency (RF) coils capable of being used to detect nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) signals from blister packs of medicines has been compared. The performance of a fixed-pitch RF coil was compared with that from two variable-pitch coils, one based on a design in the literature and the other optimized to obtain the most homogeneous RF field over the whole volume of the coil. It has been shown from (14)N NQR measurements with two medicines, the antibiotic ampicillin (as trihydrate) and the analgesic medicine Paracetamol, that the latter design gives NQR signal intensities almost independent of the distribution of the capsules or pills within the RF coil and is therefore more suitable for quantitative analysis. PMID:23057555

Barras, Jamie; Katsura, Shota; Sato-Akaba, Hideo; Itozaki, Hideo; Kyriakidou, Georgia; Rowe, Michael D; Althoefer, Kaspar A; Smith, John A S

2012-11-01

50

Explosives detection with quadrupole resonance analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase in international terrorist activity over the past decade has necessitated the exploration of new technologies for the detection of plastic explosives. Quadrupole resonance analysis (QRA) has proven effective as a technique for detecting the presence of plastic, sheet, and military explosive compounds in small quantities, and can also be used to identify narcotics such as heroin and cocaine

Timothy J. Rayner; Benjamin D. Thorson; Simon Beevor; Rebecca West; Ronald A. Krauss

1997-01-01

51

Quadrupole Induced Resonant Particle Transport in a Pure Electron Plasma  

E-print Network

Quadrupole Induced Resonant Particle Transport in a Pure Electron Plasma by Erik Peter Gilson B;Quadrupole Induced Resonant Particle Transport in a Pure Electron Plasma Copyright Fall 2001 by Erik Peter Gilson #12;1 Abstract Quadrupole Induced Resonant Particle Transport in a Pure Electron Plasma by Erik

Gilson, Erik

52

Rapid detection of arsenic minerals using portable broadband NQR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

remote real-time detection of specific arsenic species would significantly benefit in minerals processing to mitigate the release of arsenic into aquatic environments and aid in selective mining. At present, there are no technologies available to detect arsenic minerals in bulk volumes outside of laboratories. Here we report on the first room-temperature broadband 75As nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) detection of common and abundant arsenic ores in the Earth crust using a large sample (0.78 L) volume prototype sensor. Broadband excitation aids in detection of natural minerals with low crystallinity. We briefly discuss how the proposed NQR detector could be employed in mining operations.

Lehmann-Horn, J. A.; Miljak, D. G.; O'Dell, L. A.; Yong, R.; Bastow, T. J.

2014-10-01

53

Magnetic Criticality and Unconventional Superconductivity in CeCoIn5: Study of 115In-Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance under Pressure  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the systematic evolution of the superconducting (SC) characteristics of the heavy-fermion (HF) superconductor CeCoIn5 via nuclear-quadrupole-resonance (NQR) measurement under pressure (P). The application of P significantly suppresses the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1\\/T1 that is dominated by antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin fluctuations (SFs) specific to a quantum critical point (QCP). It is demonstrated that the marked suppression of AFM

M. Yashima; S. Kawasaki; Y. Kawasaki; G.-q. Zheng; Y. Kitaoka; H. Shishido; R. Settai; Y. Haga; Y. Onuki

2004-01-01

54

Nuclear quadrupole resonance studies in semi-metallic structures  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Both experimental and theoretical studies are presented on spectrum analysis of nuclear quadrupole resonance of antimony and arsenic tellurides. Numerical solutions for secular equations of the quadrupole interaction energy are also discussed.

Murty, A. N.

1974-01-01

55

Explosives detection with quadrupole resonance analysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The increase in international terrorist activity over the past decade has necessitated the exploration of new technologies for the detection of plastic explosives. Quadrupole resonance analysis (QRA) has proven effective as a technique for detecting the presence of plastic, sheet, and military explosive compounds in small quantities, and can also be used to identify narcotics such as heroin and cocaine base. QRA is similar to the widely used magnetic resonance (MR) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, but has the considerable advantage that the item being inspected does not need to be immersed in a steady, homogeneous magnetic field. The target compounds are conclusively identified by their unique quadrupole resonance frequencies. Quantum magnetics has develop and introduced a product line of explosives and narcotics detection devices based upon QRA technology. The work presented here concerns a multi-compound QRA detection system designed to screen checked baggage, cargo, and sacks of mail at airports and other high-security facilities. The design philosophy and performance are discussed and supported by test results from field trials conducted in the United States and the United Kingdom. This detection system represents the current state of QRA technology for field use in both commercial and government sectors.

Rayner, Timothy J.; Thorson, Benjamin D.; Beevor, Simon; West, Rebecca; Krauss, Ronald A.

1997-02-01

56

Correlation between proton transfer and (35)Cl NQR frequency as well as molecular geometry of chloranilic acid in co-crystals with some organic bases.  

PubMed

Proton transfer in hydrogen-bonded organic co-crystals of chloranilic acid with some organic bases was investigated by nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) spectroscopy. The (35)Cl NQR frequencies of chloranilic acid molecule as well as (14)N NQR frequencies of the organic base molecule were measured with the conventional pulse methods as well as double-resonance methods, respectively. The extent of proton transfer in the O...H...N hydrogen bond was estimated from Townes-Dailey analysis of the (14)N NQR parameters. The (35)Cl NQR frequency and molecular geometry of chloranilic acid are correlated to the extent of proton transfer in the protonation process of the organic base molecule. It is shown that the hydrogen bond affects the pi-electron system of chloranilic acid. Geometry dependence of the O...H...N hydrogen bond, i.e. the H-N valence bond order versus the hydrogen-bond geometry correlation is also discussed. PMID:20535777

Asaji, Tetsuo; Seliger, Janez; Zagar, Veselko; Ishida, Hiroyuki

2010-07-01

57

14N NQR and relaxation in ammonium nitrate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The complete 14N nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) spectrum of ammonium nitrate is presented recorded using two double resonance techniques - double contact cross relaxation and zero field NQR. The spectra gave the quadrupole coupling constant (Qcc) and asymmetry parameter (?) values for the nitro of 611 kHz, 0.229 and that for the ammonium nitrogen of 242 kHz, 0.835. The three relaxation transition probabilities have been determined for both the nitro and ammonium nitrogen atoms. The bi-exponential relaxation times (T 1) were measured at 295 K. The values for nitro are 16.9 s and 10.5 s and that of the ammonium are 23.0 s and 16.4 s.

Stephenson, David

2014-11-01

58

Quadrupole Induced Resonant Particle Transport in a Pure Electron Plasma  

E-print Network

Quadrupole Induced Resonant Particle Transport in a Pure Electron Plasma E. Gilson1 and J. Fajans2 that a certain class of resonant electrons follows trajectories that take them out of the plasma. Even though are o庐 resonance, the lifetime of the plasma is not greatly a庐ected by the quadrupole 炉eld, but near

Gilson, Erik

59

Contribution of electric quadrupole resonance in optical metamaterials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical metamaterials are artificial structures composed of nanoscale units with unit dimension smaller than optical wavelength. They can exhibit negative index of refraction when both effective permittivity and permeability are negative. Although, negative permittivity is straightforward to obtain, negative permeability is nonexistent in nature. Only recently has it been achieved using strong magnetic resonances in suitably designed metal plasmonic nanostructures. However, similar to the magnetic resonance, electric quadrupole resonance can also be greatly enhanced by plasmon resonances. The contribution of the electric quadrupole resonance to the effective properties of metamaterials has not been well understood and often neglected. We show by simulation that, for many metamaterial structures, electric quadrupole radiation is comparable to that of magnetic dipole and we propose an experimental scheme to determine individual contribution of the electric dipole, magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole. We also show that the electric quadrupole radiation can greatly affect effective permeability, and therefore is of central importance for designing metamaterials with negative permeability.

Cho, David; Wang, Feng; Zhang, Xiang; Shen, Y. Ron

2008-03-01

60

Quadrupole resonance scanner for narcotics detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Interest in non-invasive, non-hazardous, bulk detection technologies for narcotics interdiction has risen over the last few years. As part of our continuing research and development programs in detection of narcotics and explosives using sensitive magnetic measuring devices, we present the first commercially available prototype Quadrupole Resonance (QR) scanner for narcotics detection. The portable narcotics detection system was designed in modular form such that a single QR base system could be easily used with a variety of custom detection heads. The QR system presented in this paper is suitable for scanning items up to 61 X 35 X 13 cm in size, and was designed to scan mail packages and briefcase-sized items for the presence of narcotics. System tests have shown that detection sensitivity is comparable that obtained in laboratory systems.

Shaw, Julian D.; Moeller, C. R.; Magnuson, Erik E.; Sheldon, Alan G.

1994-10-01

61

Quadrupole resonance spectroscopic study of narcotic materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Bulk narcotic detection systems based upon Quadrupole Resonance Analysis (QRA) technology have a major advantage over imaging technologies, in that QRA is chemical-specific and consequently has a lower rate of false alarms. QRA is a magnetic resonance technology which occurs as a result of the inherent molecular properties of the atomic nuclei in crystalline and amorphous solids. The QRA response is characterized by 1) the precessional frequency of the nucleus, and 2) the nature of the electric field gradient experienced by the nucleus,due to its molecular environment. Another important detection parameter is linewidth, resonant quality. All of these parameters depend on sample purity and manufacturing process. Quantum Magnetics recently carried out a study on the QRA signatures of various narcotic materials with the support of the US Army, US Customs, and the Office of National Drug Control Policy. The aim of the study was to fully characterize the variation in QRA spectroscopic parameters of different samples of cocaine base and cocaine hydrochloride. The results from this study ar discussed here.

Rayner, Timothy J.; West, Rebecca; Garroway, Allen N.; Lyndquist, R.; Yesinowski, James P.

1997-02-01

62

Strong coupling between antiferromagnetic and superconducting order parameters of CeRhIn5 studied by I115n nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on a pressure (P) -induced evolution of magnetism and superconductivity (SC) in a helical magnet CeRhIn5 with an incommensurate wave vector Qi=((1)/(2),(1)/(2),0.297) through the I115n nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements under P . Systematic measurements of the I115n -NQR spectrum reveal that the commensurate antiferromagnetism (AFM) with Qc=((1)/(2),(1)/(2),(1)/(2)) is realized above Pm1.7GPa . An important finding is that the size of SC gap and Tc increase as the magnitude of the AFM moment decreases in the P region, where SC uniformly coexists with the commensurate AFM. This result provides evidence of strong coupling between the commensurate AFM order parameter (OP) and SC OP.

Yashima, M.; Mukuda, H.; Kitaoka, Y.; Shishido, H.; Settai, R.; ?nuki, Y.

2009-06-01

63

Weak Magnetic Order in Bilayered-Hydrate NaxCoO2\\cdotyH2O Structure Probed by Co Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance 桺roposed Phase Diagram in Superconducting NaxCoO2\\cdotyH2O---  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A weak magnetic order was found in a nonsuperconducting bilayered-hydrate NaxCoO2\\cdotyH2O sample by Co nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurement. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate divided by temperature 1/T_1T shows a prominent peak at 5.5 K, below which a Co NQR peak splits due to an internal field at the Co site. From the analyses of the Co NQR spectrum at 1.5 K, the internal field is evaluated to be 300 Oe and found to be in the ab-plane. The magnitude of the internal field suggests that the ordered moment is as small as 0.015 ?B using the hyperfine coupling constant reported previously. It is shown that the NQR frequency ?Q correlates with magnetic fluctuations from measurements of NQR spectra and 1/T_1T in various samples. The higher-?Q sample has stronger magnetic fluctuations. A possible phase diagram for NaxCoO2\\cdotyH2O is depicted using Tc and ?Q, in which the crystal distortion along the c-axis of the tilted CoO2 octahedron is considered to be a physical parameter. Superconductivity with the highest Tc is seemingly observed in the vicinity of a magnetic phase, suggesting strongly that magnetic fluctuations play an important role in the occurrence of superconductivity.

Ihara, Yoshihiko; Ishida, Kenji; Michioka, Chishiro; Kato, Masaki; Yoshimura, Kazuyoshi; Takada, Kazunori; Sasaki, Takayoshi; Sakurai, Hiroya; Takayama-Muromachi, Eiji

2005-03-01

64

Copper valence, structural separation and lattice dynamics in tennantite (fahlore): NMR, NQR and SQUID studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electronic and magnetic properties of tennantite subfamily of tetrahedrite-group minerals have been studied by copper nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and SQUID magnetometry methods. The temperature dependences of copper NQR frequencies and line-width, nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate T {1/-1} and nuclear spin-echo decay rate T {2/-1} in tennantite samples in the temperature range 4.2-210 K is evidence of the presence of field fluctuations caused by electronic spins hopping between copper CuS3 positions via S2 bridging atom. The analysis of copper NQR data at low temperatures points to the magnetic phase transition near 65 K. The magnetic susceptibility in the range 2-300 K shows a Curie-Weiss behavior, which is mainly determined by Fe2+ paramagnetic substituting ions.

Gainov, R. R.; Dooglav, A. V.; Pen'kov, I. N.; Mukhamedshin, I. R.; Savinkov, A. V.; Mozgova, N. N.

2008-01-01

65

Copper NQR and NMR in the superconductor YBa2Cu4O8+x  

Microsoft Academic Search

The frequencies nuQ, the linewidth and the spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation times T1 and T2, respectively, of the 63Cu nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) signals for chain and planar copper sites in YBa2Cu4O8 were measured between 6 and 750 K; in addition nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra were taken at 150 and 300 K. The results are compared with data known

H. Zimmermann; M. Mali; D. Brinkmann; J. Karpinski; E. Kaldis; S. Rusiecki

1989-01-01

66

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Studies of the Sorc Sequence and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Polymers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The behavior of induction signals during steady -state pulse irradiation in ^{14} N NQR was investigated experimentally. Because Strong Off-resonance Comb (SORC) signals recur as long as the pulsing continues, very efficient signal-averaging can result. The dependence of these steady-state SORC signals on pulse parameters and on frequency offset are presented, together with a discussion of the applicability of the

Jayakody R. Pemadasa Jayakody

1993-01-01

67

35Cl NQR of an organic ferroelectric phenazine chloranilic acid co-crystal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A ferroelectric transition of phenazine (Phz) chloranilic acid (H 2ca) co-crystal was studied by 35Cl nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR). The single NQR line observed at 36.689 MHz at 295 K, split into a doublet below the ferroelectric transition temperature Tc=253 K in accord with the inversion-symmetry breaking at the H 2ca molecular center in the crystal. The continuous variation of the splitting-width through Tc suggests a second-order nature of this phase transition. The NQR frequency is consistent with the crystal structure in which the two acid hydrogen atoms of H 2ca remain as attached to the quinone molecules. The spin-lattice relaxation time T1 showed a decrease with decreasing temperature in the ferroelectric phase. This suggests the existence of a fast motion of nearby atomic group, which is a cause of electric field gradient fluctuation.

Asaji, Tetsuo; Gotoh, Kazuma; Watanabe, Jun

2006-06-01

68

Contribution of the electric quadrupole resonance in optical metamaterials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Optical metamaterials can exhibit negative index of refraction when both the effective permittivity and permeability are negative. The negative permeability is usually considered to be associated with a magnetic dipole resonance and the contribution from electric quadrupoles is neglected. Here, we show by simulation that the electric quadrupole contribution is actually comparable to that from magnetic dipoles. We propose an experimental scheme to determine the relative contributions from the electric dipole, magnetic dipole, and electric quadrupole of a metallic nanostructure. This can be important in the design of metamaterials.

Cho, David J.; Wang, Feng; Zhang, Xiang; Shen, Y. Ron

2008-09-01

69

127 I and 79 Br NQR spectra of halo-substituted phenols and phenylmercury phenoxides  

Microsoft Academic Search

The full127I NQR spectra of a series of iodo-substituted phenols and phenylmercury phenoxides have been studied. The quadrupole coupling constants and asymmetry parameters have been determined. The character of the OH...Hal hydrogen bond has been found to depend on the nature of substituents in the ring. Correlation dependences of the asymmetry parameters on the sum of the substituents resonance constants

G. K. Semin; S. I. Gushchin; S. B. Karpov; E. V. Bryukhova; L. S. Golovchenko; D. N. Kramov

1996-01-01

70

Radio-frequency quadrupole resonator for linear accelerator  

DOEpatents

An RFQ resonator for a linear accelerator having a reduced level of interfering modes and producing a quadrupole mode for focusing, bunching and accelerating beams of heavy charged particles, with the construction being characterized by four elongated resonating rods within a cylinder with the rods being alternately shorted and open electrically to the shell at common ends of the rods to provide an LC parallel resonant circuit when activated by a magnetic field transverse to the longitudinal axis.

Moretti, A.

1982-10-19

71

The giant quadrupole resonance in highly excited, rotating nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The giant quadrupole resonance in highly excited, fast rotating nuclei is studied as a function of both the nuclear temperature and the nuclear angular momentum. The photo-absorption cross sections for quadrupole radation in 156Dy, 160Er and 164Er are evaluated within the linear response theory. The strength functions of the ?-ray spectrum obtained from the decay of highly excited nuclear states by deexcitation of the isoscalar quadrupole mode show a fine structure, which depends on the temperature T, the angular momentum I and the deformation of the nucleus ?. The splitting of the modes associated with the signature-conserving and signature-changing components of the quadrupole field is discussed.

Civitarese, O.; Furui, S.; Ploszajczak, M.; Faessler, Amand

1983-10-01

72

1H NMR and 14N NQR study of the ferroelectric phase transition in (CH3)2NH2H2PO4  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ferroelectric phase transition in (CH3)2NH2H2PO4 has been studied by 14N nuclear-quadrupole resonance (NQR) and 1H spin-lattice relaxation. Both above and below TC, the 14N quadrupole coupling constant is approximately 1.2 MHz and the asymmetry parameter eta is close to 1. Two nonequivalent nitrogen positions in the unit cell are observed below TC whereas, above TC, all nitrogen crystallographic positions

J. Seliger; V. Zagar

1998-01-01

73

Gapless superconductivity in overdoped Hg System; Cu-NQR study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) investigation of Cu in the overdoped compounds HgBa2CuOy (Hg1201) with y=4. 06 (Tc=92K) and 4.11 (64K) and HgBa2CaCu2Oy (Hg1212) with y=6.13 (Tc=125K) and 6.21 (117K) was carried out in zero field. From the temperature (T) dependence of the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation time, T1, of63Cu, we discuss a cause of the Tc suppression with decreasing the

Shigeki Ohsugi; Tetsuo Tsuchiya; Tadashi Koyama; Kazuo Fueki

1996-01-01

74

Nondestructive testing of adhesive bonds by nuclear quadrupole resonance method  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Inert, strain sensitive tracer, cuprous oxide, added to polymeric adhesive ensures sufficiently large signal to noise ratio in NQR system output. Method is successful, provided that RF-transparent structural materials are used between modified adhesive and probe of NQR spectrometer.

Hewitt, R. R.

1971-01-01

75

Peptide backbone orientation and dynamics in spider dragline silk and two-photon excitation in nuclear magnetic and quadrupole resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the first part of the dissertation, spider dragline silk is studied by solid state NMR techniques. The dependence of NMR frequency on molecular orientation is exploited using the DECODER experiment to determine the orientation of the protein backbone within the silk fibre. Practical experimental considerations require that the silk fibres be wound about a cylindrical axis perpendicular to the external magnetic field, complicating the reconstruction of the underlying orientation distribution and necess-itating the development of numerical techniques for this purpose. A two-component model of silk incorporating static b-sheets and polyglycine II helices adequately fits the NMR data and suggests that the b-sheets are well aligned along the silk axis (20 FWHM) while the helices are poorly aligned (68 FWHM). The effects of fibre strain, draw rate and hydration on orientation are measured. Measurements of the time-scale for peptide backbone motion indicate that when wet, a strain-dependent frac-tion of the poorly aligned component becomes mobile. This suggests a mechanism for the supercontraction of silk involving latent entropic springs that undergo a local strain-dependent phase transition, driving supercontraction. In the second part of this dissertation a novel method is developed for exciting NMR and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) by rf irradiation at multiple frequencies that sum to (or differ by) the resonance frequency. This is fundamentally different than traditional NMR experiments where irradiation is applied on-resonance. With excitation outside the detection bandwidth, two-photon excitation allows for detection of free induction signals during excitation, completely eliminating receiver dead-time. A theoretical approach to describing two-photon excitation is developed based on average Hamiltonian theory. An intuition for two-photon excitation is gained by analogy to the coherent absorption of multiple photons requiring conservation of total energy and momentum. It is shown that two-photon excitation efficiency impro-ves when the two applied rf frequencies deviate from half-resonance. For two-photon NQR, it is shown that observable magnetization appears perpendicular to the excita-tion coil, requiring a second coil for detection, and that double quantum coherences are also generated. Several model systems and experimental geometries are used to demonstrate the peculiarities of two-photon excitation in NMR and NQR.

Eles, Philip Thomas

2005-07-01

76

Nuclear quadrupole resonance studies of the SORC sequence and nuclear magnetic resonance studies of polymers  

SciTech Connect

The behavior of induction signals during steady-state pulse irradiation in {sup 14}N NQR was investigated experimentally. Because Strong Off-resonance Comb (SORC) signals recur as long as the pulsing continues, very efficient signal-averaging can result. The dependence of these steady-state SORC signals on pulse parameters and on frequency offset are presented, together with a discussion of the applicability of the method. Also as part of the NQR work, cocaine base has been detected using conventional NQR techniques. The experimental results show that SORC detection can be of sufficient sensitivity to form the basis of narcotics screening devices for both mail and airline baggage. A new NMR technique, to obtain the correlation time of the random thermal motion of a polymer at temperatures near the glass transition has been introduced. The temperature dependence is a result of thermal motion. For slow-motion of a polymer chain near the glass transition, the CSA parameter begins to decrease. This motional narrowing can be interpreted to yield the correlation time of the thermal motion. In this work nitrocellulose isotopically highly enriched with {sup 15}N was studied at four different temperatures between 27{degrees} and 120{degrees} Celsius and the correlation times for polymer backbone motions were obtained. Naflon films containing water (D{sub 2}O and H{sub 2} {sup 17}O) and methanol (CH{sub 3}OD, CH{sub 3} {sup 17}OH), have been studied using deuteron and oxygen-17 NMR spectroscopy. Glassy behavior of the water domains at low temperature is evidenced by the specific nature of the {sup 2}H NMR lineshapes. Activation energies extracted from {sup 2}H spin-lattice relaxation data on the high temperature side of the T{sub 1} minimum exhibit a steady increase with increasing water content. In spite of a high degree of molecular mobility, angular-dependent spectra of both unstretched and stretched samples reflect considerable anisotrophy of the host polymer.

Jayakody, J.R.P.

1993-12-31

77

Giant 4p-Quadrupole Resonances in the Rare Earths  

Microsoft Academic Search

X-ray absorption of Ce, obtained by partial secondary yield, is compared with previously obtained electron-energy loss measurements in reflection mode. The absence of a strong feature below 4p3\\/2 threshold in photon absorption provides confirmation that the peak in EELS is nondipole in character. Theoretical analysis supports interpretation in terms of a p-f giant quadrupole resonance, a result which broadens the

J. A. D. Matthew; F. P. Netzer; C. W. Clark; J. F. Morar

1987-01-01

78

NQR investigation and characterization of cocrystals and crystal polymorphs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of 14N NQR to the study of cocrystals and crystal polymorphs is reviewed. In ferroelectric and antiferroelectric organic cocrystals 14N NQR is used to determine proton position in an N-H...O hydrogen bond and proton displacement below TC. In cocrystal isonicitinamide - oxalic acid (2:1) 14N NQR is used to distinguish between two polymorphs and to determine the type of the hydrogen bond (N-...H-O). The difference in the 14N NQR spectra of cocrystal formers and cocrystal is investigated in case of carbamazepine, saccharin and carbamazepine - saccharin (1:1). The experimental resolution allows an unambiguous distinction between the 14N NQR spectrum of the cocrystal and the 14N NQR spectra of the cocrystal formers. The possibility of application of NQR and double resonance for the determination of the inhomogeneity of the sample and for the study of the life time of an unstable polymorph is discussed.

Seliger, Janez; 巃gar, Veselko; Asaji, Tetsuo

2013-05-01

79

Investigation of the electronic effects in a series of halo derivatives of organosilicon compounds by the method of nuclear quadrupole resonance of 79 Br, 81 Br, and 127 I  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.The NQR spectra of certain bromo and iodo derivatives of organosilicon compounds were investigated.2.The correlation of the NQR frequencies and the quadrupole coupling constants with the induction and conjugation constants of the substituents at the silicon atom was constructed.

G. K. Semin; E. V. Bryukhova; M. A. Kadina; G. V. Frolova

1971-01-01

80

75As, 63Cu NMR and NQR characterization of selected arsenic minerals.  

PubMed

The direct measurement and identification of solid state arsenic phases using (75)As NMR is made difficult by the simultaneous conditions of large quadrupole moment and low coordination symmetry in many compounds. However, specific arsenic minerals can efficiently be detected and discriminated via nuclear quadrupolar resonance (NQR). We report on the first NMR and NQR measurements in the natural minerals enargite (Cu3AsS4), niccolite (NiAs), arsenopyrite (FeAsS) and loellingite (FeAs2). The NQR frequencies have been determined from both high-field NMR powder patterns and via zero-field frequency sweeps. Density functional theory (DFT) based ab initio calculations support the experimental results. The compounds studied here are common in terms of the known set of As-containing minerals. They are sometimes encountered in the context of base metal or gold mining. The study represents a significant addition to the list of arsenic minerals that can now be detected with NQR techniques. PMID:23706610

Lehmann-Horn, J A; Miljak, D G; Bastow, T J

2013-01-01

81

Magnetic Criticality and Unconventional Superconductivity in CeCoIn5: Study of 115In-Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance under Pressure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the systematic evolution of the superconducting (SC) characteristics of the heavy-fermion (HF) superconductor CeCoIn5 via nuclear-quadrupole-resonance (NQR) measurement under pressure (P). The application of P significantly suppresses the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T1 that is dominated by antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin fluctuations (SFs) specific to a quantum critical point (QCP). It is demonstrated that the marked suppression of AFM SFs leads to a reduction in the SC energy gap or in the coupling strength of the Cooper pair. Tc, nevertheless, increases with increasing P due to the increase in HF bandwidth. This is expected to make the lifetime of quasi-particles sufficiently long.

Yashima, M.; Kawasaki, S.; Kawasaki, Y.; Zheng, G.-q.; Kitaoka, Y.; Shishido, H.; Settai, R.; Haga, Y.; ?nuki, Y.

2004-08-01

82

Effect of a weak static magnetic field on nitrogen-14 quadrupole resonance in the case of an axially symmetric electric field gradient tensor.  

PubMed

The application of a weak static B0 magnetic field (less than 1 mT) may produce a well-defined splitting of the (14)N Quadrupole Resonance line when the electric field gradient tensor at the nitrogen nucleus level is of axial symmetry. It is theoretically shown and experimentally confirmed that the actual splitting (when it exists) as well as the line-shape and the signal intensity depends on three factors: (i) the amplitude of B0, (ii) the amplitude and pulse duration of the radio-frequency field, B1, used for detecting the NQR signal, and (iii) the relative orientation of B0 and B1. For instance, when B0 is parallel to B1 and regardless of the B0 value, the signal intensity is three times larger than when B0 is perpendicular to B1. This point is of some importance in practice since NQR measurements are almost always performed in the earth field. Moreover, in the course of this study, it has been recognized that important pieces of information regarding line-shape are contained in data points at the beginning of the free induction decay (fid) which, in practice, are eliminated for avoiding spurious signals due to probe ringing. It has been found that these data points can generally be retrieved by linear prediction (LP) procedures. As a further LP benefit, the signal intensity loss (by about a factor of three) is regained. PMID:24183810

Guendouz, Laou鑣; Aissani, Sarra; Mar阠h, Jean-Fran鏾is; Retournard, Alain; Marande, Pierre-Louis; Canet, Daniel

2013-01-01

83

Nuclear quadrupole resonance studies project. [spectrometer design and spectrum analysis  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The participation of undergraduates in nuclear quadrupole resonance research at Grambling University was made possible by NASA grants. Expanded laboratory capabilities include (1) facilities for high and low temperature generation and measurement; (2) facilities for radio frequency generation and measurement with the modern spectrum analyzers, precision frequency counters and standard signal generators; (3) vacuum and glass blowing facilities; and (4) miscellaneous electronic and machine shop facilities. Experiments carried out over a five year period are described and their results analyzed. Theoretical studies on solid state crystalline electrostatic fields, field gradients, and antishielding factors are included.

Murty, A. N.

1978-01-01

84

Non-cyclic geometric phase of nuclear quadrupole resonance signals of powdered samples.  

PubMed

The non-cyclic geometric phase of ?N and ?Cl NQR signals induced by the character of trajectory of nuclear magnetization motion upon pulse r.f. excitation of powdered samples is studied. Analytical expressions for the geometric phases of NQR signals of the nuclei of spins I=1 and 3/2 upon nuclear magnetization rotation induced by means of r.f. pulses with frequency detuned from the resonance and for any impulse duration for a separate crystallite are obtained. It is shown that the geometric phase recorded for the signal from a powdered sample at ??=0 can be different from zero and can oscillate upon changes in duration of the r.f. excitation pulse. An alternative variant of the nutation experiment aimed at obtaining the asymmetry parameter ? from locations of frequency singularities in the nutation phase spectrum for nuclei of spin I=3/2 in powder substances is proposed. PMID:21463929

Glotova, O; Ponamareva, N; Sinyavsky, N; Nogaj, B

2011-01-01

85

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Studies of the Sorc Sequence and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Studies of Polymers.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The behavior of induction signals during steady -state pulse irradiation in ^{14} N NQR was investigated experimentally. Because Strong Off-resonance Comb (SORC) signals recur as long as the pulsing continues, very efficient signal-averaging can result. The dependence of these steady-state SORC signals on pulse parameters and on frequency offset are presented, together with a discussion of the applicability of the method. Also as part of the NQR work, Cocaine base has been detected using conventional NQR techniques. The experimental results show that SORC detection can be of sufficient sensitivity to form the basis of narcotics screening devices for both mail and airline baggage. A new NMR technique, to obtain the correlation time of the random thermal motion of a polymer at temperatures near the glass transition has been introduced. The temperature dependence is a result of thermal motion. For slow-motion of a polymer chain near the glass transition, the CSA parameter begins to decrease. This motional narrowing can be interpreted to yield the correlation time of the thermal motion. In this work Nitrocellulose isotopically highly enriched with ^{15}N was studied at four different temperatures between 27^ circ and 120^circ Celsius and the correlation times for polymer backbone motions were obtained. Nafion films containing, water (D_2 O and H_2^{17}O) and methanol (CH_3OD, CH _3^{17}OH), have been studied using Deuteron and Oxygen-17 NMR spectroscopy. Glassy behavior of the water domains at low temperature is evidenced by the specific nature of the ^2H NMR lineshapes. Activation energies extracted from ^2H spin-lattice relaxation data on the high temperature side of the T_1 minimum exhibit a steady increase with increasing water content. In spite of a high degree of molecular mobility, angular-dependent spectra of both unstretched and stretched samples reflect considerable anisotropy of the host polymer. Activation volumes corresponding to a specific dynamical process were obtained from measurements of spin-lattice relaxation vs. pressure. From the NMR measurements of Nafion films containing methanol, it was found that the molecular motion is much more rapid than the molecular motion of water in Nafion membranes.

Jayakody, Jayakody R. Pemadasa

1993-01-01

86

Low-frequency NMR and NQR with a dc SQUID amplifier  

SciTech Connect

A sensitive Fourier-transform spectrometer based on a dc SQUID (Superconducting QUantum Interference Device) has been developed for the direct detection of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in zero applied magnetic field and pure nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) at low frequencies. The motivation to detect zero field NMR and NQR is to provide a new high resolution spectroscopy technique at frequencies below 200 kHz to study ultra-weak interactions in chemicals and materials. By comparing the sensitivity of a SQUID amplifier with that of a conventional semiconductor amplifier, it is shown that a SQUID amplifier is essential for the direct detection of low frequency resonant signals. The spectrometer has a frequency response extending from about 10 to 200 kHz, and a recovery time (after the magnetic pulse is removed) of about 50 {mu}s. The spectrometer is used to detect NMR spectra from Pt and Cu metal powders in a magnetic field of 6 mtesla, and NQR spectra from {sup 2}D in a tunneling methyl group and {sup 14}N in NH{sub 4}ClO{sub 4}. Finally, the zero field NMR spectrum from a quantum tunneling methyl group is calculated. 25 refs., 34 figs., 2 tabs.

Fan, Nong-Qiang.

1990-11-01

87

Application of an explosive detection device based on quadrupole resonance (QR) technology in aviation security  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Federal Aviation Administration has deployed Advanced Technology (AT) based explosive detection devices for screening checked baggage in US domestic airports. The paper addresses the application of quadrupole resonance (QR) technology to detect explosives in checked baggage in aviation security. This technology was deployed in combination with advanced X-ray by the US government. The paper focuses on the quadrupole resonance

Ed Rao; William J. Hughes

2001-01-01

88

Nuclear magnetic and quadrupole resonance studies of local environments in magnetic and superconducting systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spin-echo nuclear magnetic and quadrupole resonance (NMR/NQR) studies, along with complementary x-ray diffraction and bulk magnetization measurements, have been carried out on the magnetic superconducting system RuSr2RECu 2O8 (RE 1212, RE = Gd or Eu) and systems based on or derived from SrRuO3. In RE1212, two sets of Ru NMR signals are found, indicating the existence of a mixed valence for Ru. This result suggests a hole doping mechanism to account for the superconductivity that originates in the CuO2 planes. The evolution of the Ru NMR spectra in external magnetic fields provides information concerning the magnetic structure of the Ru sublattice which is consistent with the previously proposed type-I antiferromagnetic (AFM) structure. Based on this model, the interplane magnetic coupling and the in-plane spin-flop critical field are determined. While substituting for the Ru-site in SrRuO3, Mn and vacancies suppress the ferromagnetic (FM) ordering temperature drastically. Cr, on the other hand, increases the ordering temperature. The valence states for Mn, Cr, and Ru are determined from the NMR spectra, which, combined with dc magnetization, also provide information with regard to the various magnetic interactions. The hybridization of the Ru 4d and Mn or Cr 3d orbitals is believed to play a key role in the variation of the ordering temperature. Upon cooling, three consecutive and distinct magnetic transitions are observed for Sr2RuGdO6 at T1 = 33 K, T2 = 17, and T3 < 2 K which are attributed to the Ru-Ru, Ru-Gd, and Gd-Gd AFM interactions, respectively. Weak FM is associated with the transition at 17 K. These features point to the unique role played by Gd in this system. Ru NMR spectra, in the presence of an external magnetic field, demonstrate the existence of a FM phase in the AFM matrix which behaves superparamagnetically. These results strongly suggest that, at low temperature, the magnetic ground state of Sr2RuGdO6 involves complex coexistence and competition of different interactions.

Han, Zhaohui

2006-12-01

89

Zeeman nuclear quadrupole resonance line shapes in powders (I = 3?2)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theoretical absorption line shapes are presented for Zeeman perturbed nuclear quadrupole resonance transitions (I = 3?2) in polycrystalline materials for the case in which the rf field is parallel to the Zeeman field. For a nuclear spin of 3?2, the pure quadrupole transition frequency ?Q(1+&eegr;2?3)1?2 is insufficient to independently determine either ?Q, the strength of the quadrupole interaction, or &eegr;,

H. R. Brooker; R. B. Creel

1974-01-01

90

Zeeman nuclear quadrupole resonance line shapes in powders (I = 3\\/2)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Theoretical absorption line shapes are presented for Zeeman perturbed nuclear quadrupole resonance transitions (I = 3\\/2) in polycrystalline materials for the case in which the rf field is parallel to the Zeeman field. For a nuclear spin of 3\\/2, the pure quadrupole transition frequency nuQ(1+?2\\/3)1\\/2 is insufficient to independently determine either nuQ, the strength of the quadrupole interaction, or ?,

H. R. Brooker; R. B. Creel

1974-01-01

91

A new approach to stroboscopic resonance measurements of the nuclear quadrupole interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new stroboscopic resonance method for the measurement of the quadrupole interaction of long-lived nuclear isomers excited by pulsed beams with a fixed repetition frequency is demonstrated. The method utilizes the phenomenon of beats which occurs when a magnetic perturbation is introduced in the presence of a pure quadrupole interaction. The nuclear precession is thus controlled by the beat frequencies

P. Raghavan; R. S. Raghavan

1977-01-01

92

Dynamic collective theory of the quadrupole giant resonance in deformed nuclei  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theory of photon excitation has been extended into the region immediately above the giant dipole resonance. This has been accomplished by use of the hydrodynamical model. The dynamic coupling of the giant quadrupole oscillations with surface vibrations, rotational modes and single particle motions have been taken into account. The quadrupole operator is computed, the resulting energy spectrum, transition probabilities

Rainer Ligensa; Walter Greiner

1967-01-01

93

115In-NQR study of CeRh1-xIrxIn5 under pressure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on pressure-induced evolutions of antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations (AFM-SFs) and unconventional superconductivity on the x=0.6 sample in a series of compounds CeRh1-xIrxIn5 via the 115In nuclear-quadrupole-resonance (NQR) experiment. The In-NQR 1/T1 measurements have revealed that the slight application of pressure makes Tc=0.9 K at P=0 increase up to Tc=1.06 K at P=0.47 GPa. Concomitantly, the character of AFM-SF evolves from an isotropic regime to an anisotropic one as P increases. These results suggest that AFM-SFs play vital role in mediating the strong-coupling superconductivity in CeRh1-xIrxIn5.

Mugino, Y.; Kawasaki, S.; Yashima, M.; Mukuda, H.; Kitaoka, Y.; Shishido, H.; ?nuki, Y.

2007-03-01

94

A study of hydrogen bond of imidazole and its 4-nitro derivative by ab initio and DFT calculated NQR parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) parameters of 14N, 2H of N 2H groups are calculated for imidazole and 4-nitroimidazole using HF and B3LYP methods. These computations are performed on the basis of X-ray and neutron diffraction structural data which are collected at 100, 103, 123 and 293 K temperatures. In order to take into account intermolecular hydrogen bonds and the van der Waals effects, two different sizes of clusters have been considered. Results of calculation have been compared with that of a single molecule in each case. Calculations illustrate that for imidazole and 4-nitroimidazole octameric and trimeric clusters, respectively, suffice to generate results which are compatible with experimental data. Our calculated NQR parameters and X-ray data show no significant structural change for 4-nitroimidazole at 293 and 100 K.

Amini, S. K.; Hadipour, N. L.; Elmi, F.

2004-06-01

95

Cyclotron-resonance maser in a periodically loaded quadrupole transmission line Y. Leibovitch and E. Jerby*  

E-print Network

Cyclotron-resonance maser in a periodically loaded quadrupole transmission line Y. Leibovitch and E; revised manuscript received 17 February 1999 A cyclotron-resonance maser CRM is implemented in a periodic, 84.40.Ik, 84.47. w I. INTRODUCTION Cyclotron-resonance masers CRMs and gyrotrons are known as high

Jerby, Eli

96

High-Efficiency Resonant Cavity Quadrupole Moment Monitor  

SciTech Connect

Measurement of the beam quadrupole moment at several locations can be used to reconstruct the beam envelope and emittance parameters. The measurements can be performed in a non-intercepting way using a set of quadrupole-mode cavities. We present a cavity design with an optimized quadrupole moment shunt impedance. The cavity properties can be characterized using a wire test method to insure symmetry about the central axis, and alignment to nearby position sensing cavities. The design and characterization of the prototype structure is discussed.

Barov, N.; Nantista, C.D.; Miller, R.H.; Kim, J.S.; /FARTECH, San Diego /SLAC

2007-04-13

97

14 N quadrupole resonance and 1 H T 1 dispersion in the explosive RDX  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The explosive hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-s-triazine (CH 2-N-NO 2) 3, commonly known as RDX, has been studied by 14N NQR and 1H NMR. NQR frequencies and relaxation times for the three ?+ and ?- lines of the ring 14N nuclei have been measured over the temperature range 230-330 K. The 1H NMR T1 dispersion has been measured for magnetic fields corresponding to the 1H NMR frequency range of 0-5.4 MHz. The results have been interpreted as due to hindered rotation of the NO 2 group about the N-NO 2 bond with an activation energy close to 92 kJ mol -1. Three dips in the 1H NMR dispersion near 120, 390 and 510 kHz are assigned to the ?0, ?- and ?+ transitions of the 14NO 2 group. The temperature dependence of the inverse line-width parameters T2? of the three ?+ and ?- ring nitrogen transitions between 230 and 320 K can be explained by a distribution in the torsional oscillational amplitudes of the NO 2 group about the N-NO 2 bond at crystal defects whose values are consistent with the latter being mainly edge dislocations or impurities in the samples studied. Above 310 K, the 14N line widths are dominated by the rapid decrease in the spin-spin relaxation time T2 due to hindered rotation of the NO 2 group. A consequence of this is that above this temperature, the 1H T1 values at the quadrupole dips are dominated by the spin mixing time between the 1H Zeeman levels and the combined 1H and 14N spin-spin levels.

Smith, John A. S.; Blanz, Martin; Rayner, Timothy J.; Rowe, Michael D.; Bedford, Simon; Althoefer, Kaspar

2011-12-01

98

14N quadrupole resonance and 1H T1 dispersion in the explosive RDX.  

PubMed

The explosive hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-s-triazine (CH2-N-NO2)3, commonly known as RDX, has been studied by 14N NQR and 1H NMR. NQR frequencies and relaxation times for the three ?+ and ?- lines of the ring 14N nuclei have been measured over the temperature range 230-330 K. The 1H NMR T1 dispersion has been measured for magnetic fields corresponding to the 1H NMR frequency range of 0-5.4 M Hz. The results have been interpreted as due to hindered rotation of the NO2 group about the N-NO2 bond with an activation energy close to 92 kJ mol(-1). Three dips in the 1H NMR dispersion near 120, 390 and 510 kHz are assigned to the ?0, ?- and ?+ transitions of the 14NO2 group. The temperature dependence of the inverse line-width parameters T2? of the three ?+ and ?- ring nitrogen transitions between 230 and 320 K can be explained by a distribution in the torsional oscillational amplitudes of the NO2 group about the N-NO2 bond at crystal defects whose values are consistent with the latter being mainly edge dislocations or impurities in the samples studied. Above 310 K, the 14N line widths are dominated by the rapid decrease in the spin-spin relaxation time T2 due to hindered rotation of the NO2 group. A consequence of this is that above this temperature, the 1H T1 values at the quadrupole dips are dominated by the spin mixing time between the 1H Zeeman levels and the combined 1H and 14N spin-spin levels. PMID:21978662

Smith, John A S; Blanz, Martin; Rayner, Timothy J; Rowe, Michael D; Bedford, Simon; Althoefer, Kaspar

2011-12-01

99

Studies of the electronic structure and biological activity of chosen 1,4-benzodiazepines by 35Cl NQR spectroscopy and DFT calculations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Selected derivatives of 1,4-benzodiazepine: lorazepam, lormetazepam, oxazepam and temazepam, used as active substances in anxiolytic drugs, have been studied by 35Cl NQR method in order to find the correlation between electronic structure and biological activity. The 35Cl NQR resonance frequencies ( ?Q) measured at 77 K have been correlated with the following parameters characterising their biological activity: biological half-life period ( t0.5), affinity to benzodiazepine receptor (IC 50) and mean dose equivalent. The results of experimental study of some benzodiazepine derivatives by nuclear quadrupole resonance of 35Cl nuclei are compared with theoretical results based on DFT calculations which were carried out by means of Gaussian'98 W software.

Bronisz, K.; Ostafin, M.; Poleshchuk, O. Kh.; Mielcarek, J.; Nogaj, B.

2006-11-01

100

High-frequency nuclear quadrupole resonance apparatus for use in pressure cell  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A high-frequency NMR apparatus for use in pressure cell is described. All components of the resonance circuit are set in the pressure cell. This method makes the resonance frequency much less influenced by large stray capacitance residing at the electrical feedthrough of the pressure cell. With the use of this apparatus, a pressure-induced neutral-ionic phase transition in DMTTF-QBr4 was successfully observed by 79Br nuclear quadrupole resonance, whose resonance frequency is 300 MHz.

Iwase, F.; Miyagawa, K.; Kanoda, K.

2012-06-01

101

CATALOG OF NUCLEAR QUADRUPOLE INTERACTIONS AND RESONANCE FREQUENCIES IN SOLIDS. PART I. ELEMENTS AND INORGANIC COMPOUNDS  

Microsoft Academic Search

A tabulation of nuclear quadrupoie resonance data is provided giving the ; quadrupole resonance frequency for a given nucleus in a given compound, and, ; where reported in literature, the coupling constant. Data are given for Al, Sb, ; As, Ba,Be, Bi, B, Cs, Cu, D, Ga, In, Li, Hg, Nb, N, Re, Rb, Na, S, Tc, Cl, Br, I,

S. L. Segel; R. G. Barnes

1962-01-01

102

Global investigation of the fine structure of the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fine structure in the region of the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance (ISGQR) in Ni, Y, 癦r, 共癝n, 笶r, and 舶Pb has been observed in high-energy-resolution (E35-50 keV) inelastic proton scattering measurements at E=200 MeV at iThemba LABS. Calculations of the corresponding quadrupole excitation strength functions performed within models based on the random-phase approximation (RPA) reveal similar fine structure when the

A. Shevchenko; O. Burda; Y. Kalmykov; P. von Neumann-Cosel; V. Yu. Ponomarev; A. Richter; J. Wambach; J. Carter; E. Sideras-Haddad; G. R. J. Cooper; R. W. Fearick; S. V. Foertsch; J. J. Lawrie; R. Neveling; F. D. Smit; H. Fujita; Y. Fujita; D. Lacroix

2009-01-01

103

Microscopic properties of the heavy-fermion superconductor PuCoIn5 explored by nuclear quadrupole resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report 115In nuclear quadrupolar resonance (NQR) measurements on the heavy-fermion superconductor PuCoIn5, in the temperature range 0.29K ? T ? 75K. The NQR parameters for the two crystallographically inequivalent In sites are determined, and their temperature dependence is investigated. A linear shift of the quadrupolar frequency with lowering temperature below the critical value Tc is revealed, in agreement with the prediction for composite pairing. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate T1-1(T) clearly signals a superconducting (SC) phase transition at Tc ? 2.3 K, with strong spin fluctuations, mostly in-plane, dominating the relaxation process in the normal state near to Tc. Analysis of the T1-1 data in the SC state suggests that PuCoIn5 is a strong-coupling d-wave superconductor.

Koutroulakis, G.; Yasuoka, H.; Chudo, H.; Tobash, P. H.; Mitchell, J. N.; Bauer, E. D.; Thompson, J. D.

2014-05-01

104

NMR and NQR studies of quadrupolar effects in glasses and polycrystals with half-integer spins  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NMR and NQR techniques have been used in the present study to investigate glasses and polycrystalline compounds containing nuclei with half-integer spins such as: sp{11}B, sp{23}Na, sp{45}Sc, and sp{93}Nb. The low field ({榼1.2{-}1.5 Tesla) continuous wave (CW) NMR experiments were performed using the Non-Adiabatic Superfast Passage (NASP) or the slow passage methods. A BRUKER MSL 300 pulsed NMR spectrometer was used for the high field (7.1 Tesla) studies. The CW NQR experiments at room and liquid nitrogen temperature were carried out on a home built Robinson-type spectrometer. Using pulsed NMR the sp{45}Sc response from the glass system CaO-Bsb2Osb3-Scsb2Osb3, yielded a first-order quadrupolar interaction with eta=0 and Qsb{cc}?617 kHz. A new Sc site with Qsb{cc}=23.44 MHz and eta=0 was found in polycrystalline Scsb2Osb3 and it was confirmed by NQR. Employing the NASP method it was found that the fraction of four-coordinated (Nsb4) boron atoms in the alkali thioborate (Nasb2S-Bsb2Ssb3) glass system follows a 3x/(1 - x) relationship for x?0.15, where x is the molar fraction of Nasb2S in the glass. For the NQR spectra the 10% Nasb2S content glass exhibited a broader NQR resonance than the NQR resonance for pure v-Bsb2Ssb3. The additional width was attributed to responses of BSsb3 units whose Qsb{cc} values differ somewhat from the BSsb3 units in the pure vitreous Bsb2Ssb3. The CW NASP method was used to study the sp{23}Na response in the Nasb2O*2SiOsb2 glass, heat treated in three ways: annealed, slow cooled and splat quenched. Subjecting the glass to rapid cooling will produce an increased range of values for the components of the electric field gradient (EFG), and, hence an increased range of values for Qsb{cc} and eta. This was observed for the slow cooled sample when compared with the annealed glass. The effect should be seen also from the slow cooled to the splat quenched sample, but this was not observed. Crystalline sodium disilicate was examined by both NMR and NQR and yielded Qsb{cc} = 1.89 MHz for sp{23}Na and eta=0.9. Furthermore the response from sp{23}Na in the polycrystalline forms of sodium molybdate, sodium tungstate, sodium stanate and albite was examined by means of NASP, pulsed NMR, and NQR. The sp{23}Na spectra for these compounds yielded values of Qsb{cc}, in the range 2.56 MHz to 2.80 MHz. A computer simulation program was used to simulate the spectra of sp{93}Nb-containing compounds. The survey of the niobium response in various polycrystalline compounds using the pulse-echo technique revealed first-order and second-order quadrupolar effects. The sp{93}Nb responses from five glasses in the Nbsb2Osb5-Nasb2O-SiOsb2 ternary glass system produced a second-order quadrupole pattern, but the response might contain more than one Nb site.

Orengo-Aviles, Moises

105

Possibility of valence-fluctuatsion-mediated superconductivity in Cd-doped CeIrIn(5) probed by In NQR.  

PubMed

We report on a pressure-induced evolution of exotic superconductivity and spin correlations in CeIr(In(1-x)Cd(x))(5) by means of in-nuclear-quadrupole-resonance (NQR) studies. Measurements of an NQR spectrum and nuclear-spin-lattice-relaxation rate 1/T(1) have revealed that antiferromagnetism induced by Cd doping emerges locally around Cd dopants, but superconductivity is suddenly induced at T(c)=0.7 and 0.9 K at 2.34 and 2.75 GPa, respectively. The unique superconducting characteristics with a large fraction of the residual density of state at the Fermi level which increases with T(c) differ from those for anisotropic superconductivity mediated by antiferromagnetic correlations. By incorporating the pressure dependence of the NQR frequency pointing to the valence change of Ce, we suggest that unconventional superconductivity in the CeIr(In(1-x)Cd(x))(5) system may be mediated by valence fluctuations. PMID:23005666

Yashima, M; Tagami, N; Taniguchi, S; Unemori, T; Uematsu, K; Mukuda, H; Kitaoka, Y; Ota, Y; Honda, F; Settai, R; Onuki, Y

2012-09-14

106

101Ru NQR study in CeRu 2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present measurements of the NQR spectrum and the nuclear spin lattice relaxation rate, 1/ T1, of 101Ru in superconducting CeRu 2 from 1.9 K to 10 K. From the NQR spectrum, the electric quadrupole interaction parameters were determined to be ?Q = 13.2 MHz and ? = 0.1/ T1 varies in proportion to temperature in the normal state, has the Hebel-Slichter coherence peak just below the superconducting transition temperature, TC, of 6.2 K, and decreases exponentially at low temperatures with the energy gap of 2 ? = 4.0 kBTC. 101Ru NQR study indicates that CeRu 2 is an s-wave and strong-coupling superconductor.

Matsuda, K.; Kohori, Y.; Kohara, T.

1996-02-01

107

NMR and NQR investigations of local symmetry in the hidden order phase of URu2Si2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to study local symmetries at the 4e(Si)- and 4d(Ru)-sites above and below hidden order transition temperature TO = 17.5 K in URu2Si2, we have investigated the nuclear quadrupole interaction by 73Ge-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) measurement on a 10% 73Ge-substituted sample URu2(Si0.9Ge0.1)2, and by 101Ru-nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurement on a pure single crystal sample. The present 73Ge-NMR measurements do not give any evidence for change in the local symmetry at 4e-site within experimental accuracy. On the other hand, the precise measurement of 101Ru-NQR frequency has detected an anomaly just below TO as sensitively as the thermal expansion measurement dose. Its temperature dependence shows a linear relation with that of the in-plane lattice parameter, which may be a clue to clarify a modification in microscopic charge distribution at TO.

Mito, T.; Hattori, M.; Motoyama, G.; Sakai, Y.; Koyama, T.; Ueda, K.; Kohara, T.; Yokoyama, M.; Amitsuka, H.

2012-12-01

108

High-frequency nuclear quadrupole resonance apparatus for use in pressure cell.  

PubMed

A high-frequency NMR apparatus for use in pressure cell is described. All components of the resonance circuit are set in the pressure cell. This method makes the resonance frequency much less influenced by large stray capacitance residing at the electrical feedthrough of the pressure cell. With the use of this apparatus, a pressure-induced neutral-ionic phase transition in DMTTF-QBr(4) was successfully observed by (79)Br nuclear quadrupole resonance, whose resonance frequency is ?300 MHz. PMID:22755648

Iwase, F; Miyagawa, K; Kanoda, K

2012-06-01

109

Ultrahigh refractive index sensing performance of plasmonic quadrupole resonances in gold nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The refractive index sensing properties of plasmonic resonances in gold nanoparticles (nanorods and nanobipyramids) are investigated through numerical simulations. We find that the quadruple resonance in both nanoparticles shows much higher sensing figure of merit (FOM) than its dipolar counterpart, which is attributed mainly to the reduction in resonance linewidth. More importantly, our results predict that at the same sensing wavelength, the sensing FOM of the quadrupole mode can be significantly boosted from 3.9 for gold nanorods to 7.4 for gold nanobipyramids due to the geometry-dependent resonance linewidth, revealing a useful strategy for optimizing the sensing performance of metal nanoparticles.

Yong, Zehui; Lei, Dang Yuan; Lam, Chi Hang; Wang, Yu

2014-04-01

110

Ultrahigh refractive index sensing performance of plasmonic quadrupole resonances in gold nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

The refractive index sensing properties of plasmonic resonances in gold nanoparticles (nanorods and nanobipyramids) are investigated through numerical simulations. We find that the quadruple resonance in both nanoparticles shows much higher sensing figure of merit (FOM) than its dipolar counterpart, which is attributed mainly to the reduction in resonance linewidth. More importantly, our results predict that at the same sensing wavelength, the sensing FOM of the quadrupole mode can be significantly boosted from 3.9 for gold nanorods to 7.4 for gold nanobipyramids due to the geometry-dependent resonance linewidth, revealing a useful strategy for optimizing the sensing performance of metal nanoparticles. PMID:24791161

2014-01-01

111

Global investigation of the fine structure of the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fine structure in the region of the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance (ISGQR) in Ni58, Y89, Zr90, Sn120, Er166, and Pb208 has been observed in high-energy-resolution (DeltaE1\\/2~=35-50 keV) inelastic proton scattering measurements at E0=200 MeV at iThemba LABS. Calculations of the corresponding quadrupole excitation strength functions performed within models based on the random-phase approximation (RPA) reveal similar fine structure when the

A. Shevchenko; O. Burda; J. Carter; G. R. J. Cooper; R. W. Fearick; S. V. F鰎tsch; H. Fujita; Y. Fujita; Y. Kalmykov; D. Lacroix; J. J. Lawrie; P. von Neumann-Cosel; R. Neveling; V. Yu. Ponomarev; A. Richter; E. Sideras-Haddad; F. D. Smit; J. Wambach

2009-01-01

112

Measurement of in-situ stress in salt and rock using NQR techniques  

SciTech Connect

A discussion of how stress and strain affect the quantities which can be measured in an NQR experiment shows that, for stresses of the magnitude to be expected at depths up to about 10,000 feet, quadrupole coupling constants will fall in the range of 1 to 10 kHz for both the sodium and chloride ions in NaCl. The most promising system involves pulsed nuclear double resonance detection; and alterative is to observe the quadrupolar splitting of the NMR signal. Choices to be made in the measurement and mapping techniques are discussed. The well-known perturbation of the homogenous stress field in the neighborhood of a borehole is shown to be advantageous from the point of view of obtaining directional information on the stress. Construction and operation of a borehole stress sensor are considered. The NQR technique seems feasible for measuring the magnitude and direction of underground stress with a resolution of about 25 psi, or 2.5% at 1000 psi. Downhole instrumentation suitable for in-situ determinations of stress appears within the state of the art. Additional tasks required on the project are identified.

Schempp, E.; Hirschfeld, T.; Klainer, S.

1980-12-01

113

Design and testing of a low impedance transceiver circuit for nitrogen-14 nuclear quadrupole resonance.  

PubMed

A low impedance transceiver circuit consisting of a transmit-receive switch circuit, a class-D amplifier and a transimpedance amplifier (TIA) was newly designed and tested for a nitrogen-14 NQR. An NQR signal at 1.37MHz from imidazole was successfully observed with the dead time of ~85祍 under the high Q transmission (Q~120) and reception (Q~140). The noise performance of the low impedance TIA with an NQR probe was comparable with a commercial low noise 50? amplifier (voltage input noise: 0.25 nV/Hz) which was also connected to the probe. The protection voltage for the pre-amplifier using the low impedance transceiver was ~10 times smaller than that for the pre-amplifier using a 50? conventional transceiver, which is suitable for NQR remote sensing applications. PMID:25293696

Sato-Akaba, Hideo

2014-01-01

114

Fine structure of the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance in 40Ca due to Landau damping?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fragmentation of the Isoscalar Giant Quadrupole Resonance (ISGQR) in 40Ca has been investigated in high energy-resolution experiments using proton inelastic scattering at Ep=200 MeV. Fine structure is observed in the region of the ISGQR and its characteristic energy scales are extracted from the experimental data by means of a wavelet analysis. The experimental scales are well described by Random

I. Usman; Z. Buthelezi; J. Carter; G. R. J. Cooper; R. W. Fearick; S. V. F鰎tsch; H. Fujita; Y. Fujita; Y. Kalmykov; P. von Neumann-Cosel; R. Neveling; P. Papakonstantinou; A. Richter; R. Roth; A. Shevchenko; E. Sideras-Haddad; F. D. Smit

2011-01-01

115

Giant Quadrupole and Monopole Resonances in Si-28  

E-print Network

including zero degrees. A total of 66% of the EO energy-weighted sum rule was identified (using a Satchler version 2 form factor) centered at E?=17.9 MeV having a width of 4.8 MeV and 34% of the E2 energy-weighted sum rule was identified above E = 15.3 Me...V centered at 19.0 MeV with a width of 4.4 MeV. The dependence of the extracted EO strength on form factor and optical potential was ex- plored. INTRODUCTION The properties of the giant monopole resonance (GMR) are of particular importance because...

Lui, YW; Bronson, J. D.; Youngblood, David H.; Toba, Y.; Garg, U.

1985-01-01

116

Deuterium and nitrogen-14 nuclear quadrupole resonance spectra of cytosine-amino acid complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 14N and 2H nuclear quadrupole resonance spectra of cytosine complexes of the acids N-formylglycine, N-benzoylglycine and N-phthaloylglutamic, and of the cytidine complex of salicylic acid have been obtained at 77 K on powdered samples, using the double resonance level crossing technique, DRLC. Both normal abundance and deuterium-enriched forms of the compounds were studied. Use of various assignment aids, discussed at length, make it possible to completely assign the electric field gradient parameters to all 14N and 2H sites in the compounds.

Keiter, Ellen A.; Hiyama, Yukio; Brown, Theodore L.

1983-12-01

117

DC superconducting quantum interference device usable in nuclear quadrupole resonance and zero field nuclear magnetic spectrometers  

DOEpatents

A spectrometer for measuring the nuclear quadrupole resonance spectra or the zero-field nuclear magnetic resonance spectra generated by a sample is disclosed. The spectrometer uses an amplifier having a dc SQUID operating in a flux-locked loop for generating an amplified output as a function of the intensity of the signal generated by the sample. The flux-locked loop circuit includes an integrator. The amplifier also includes means for preventing the integrator from being driven into saturation. As a result, the time for the flux-locked loop to recover from the excitation pulses generated by the spectrometer is reduced. 7 figures.

Fan, N.Q.; Clarke, J.

1993-10-19

118

Multiband Superconductivity in Filled-Skutterudite Compounds (Pr1-xLax)Os4Sb12: An Sb Nuclear-Quadrupole-Resonance Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the systematic evolution of normal-state properties and superconducting characteristics in filled-skutterudite compounds (Pr1-xLax)Os4Sb12 determined using Sb nuclear-quadrupole-resonance (NQR) experiments. The Sb-NQR spectra in these compounds have split into two sets, arising from different Sb12 cages containing either Pr or La, which enables us to measure two kinds of nuclear spin-lattice relaxation time T1Pr and T1La. In the normal state, the temperature (T) dependence of 1/T1PrT showed almost the same behavior as that for pure PrOs4Sb12 regardless of the increase in La content. In contrast, 1/T1LaT markedly decreases with increasing La concentration. These results show that 4 f2-derived magnetic fluctuations are almost localized at the Pr site. In the superconducting state for Pr-rich compounds of x=0.05 and 0.2, 1/T1Pr exponentially decreases down to T=0.7 K with no coherence peak below Tc as well as in PrOs4Sb12. A remarkable finding is that the residual density of states (RDOS) at the Fermi level below Tc is induced by La substitution for Pr. The impurity effect, usually observed in unconventional superconductors with a line-node gap, may not be the origin of the RDOS induced by the La substitution, since RDOS does not increase and Tc does not decrease with increasing La content. RDOS is more naturally explained if a small part (5.5%) of the total Fermi surface (FS) becomes gapless for x=0.05 and 0.2. These results are proposed to be understood in terms of a multiband-superconductivity (MBSC) model that assumes a full gap for part of the FS and the presence of point nodes for a small 4 f2-derived FS inherent in PrOs4Sb12. The former could be relevant with FS existing in LaOs4Sb12 and with the anisotropic gap with point nodes being markedly suppressed by either applying a magnetic field or substituting La for Pr. For La-rich compounds of x=0.8 and 1, on the other hand, 1/T1La exhibits a coherence peak and the nodeless energy gap characteristic for weak-coupling BCS s-wave superconductors. With increasing Pr content, Tc increases and the energy gap increases from 2?0/kBTc=3.45 for pure La compounds up to 2?0/kBTc=4.2 and 5.2 for the 60% Pr and 80% Pr compounds, respectively. The Pr substitution for La enhances the pairing interaction and induces an anisotropy in the energy-gap structure. The novel strong-coupling superconductivity in PrOs4Sb12 is inferred to be mediated by the local interaction between 4 f2-derived crystal-electric-field states with the electric quadrupole degree of freedom and conduction electrons. This coupling causes a mass enhancement of quasi-particles for a part of FS and induces a small FS, which is responsible for point nodes in the superconducting gap function. Note that the small FS does not play any primary role for the strong-coupling superconductivity in PrOs4Sb12.

Yogi, Mamoru; Nagai, Takayuki; Imamura, Yojyu; Mukuda, Hidekazu; Kitaoka, Yoshio; Kikuchi, Daisuke; Sugawara, Hitoshi; Aoki, Yuji; Sato, Hideyuki; Harima, Hisatomo

2006-12-01

119

Two-dimensional NQR using ultra-broadband electronics.  

PubMed

We have recently developed an ultra-broadband instrument that can effectively excite and detect NMR and NQR signals over a wide frequency range. Our current system operates between 100 kHz and 3.2 MHz using an un-tuned sample coil. The major benefits of this instrument compared to conventional NQR/NMR systems include increased robustness, ease of use (in particular for multi-frequency experiments), and elimination of the need for tuning adjustments in the hardware. Here we describe its use for performing two-dimensional (2D) scans, which allow improved interpretation of complex NQR spectra by detecting the connected resonances. Our method relies on population transfers between the three energy levels of spin-1 nuclei (such as (14)N) by using multi-frequency excitation and a single RF coil. Experimental results on pure samples and mixtures are also presented. PMID:24495675

Mandal, S; Song, Y-Q

2014-03-01

120

35Cl NQR study of lattice dynamic and magnetic property of a crystalline coordination polymer {CuCA(phz)(H 2O) 2} n  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Copper(II) compounds {CuCA(phz)(H 2O) 2} n (H 2CA = chloranilic acid, phz = phenazine) having a layer structure of -CuCA(H 2O) 2- polymer chains and phenazine were studied by 35Cl nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR). The single NQR line observed at 35.635 MHz at 261.5 K increased to 35.918 MHz at 4.2 K. The degree of reduction of electric field gradient due to lattice vibrations was similar to that of chloranilic acid crystal. Temperature dependence of spin-lattice relaxation time, T1, of the 35Cl NQR signal below 20 K, between 20 and 210 K, and above 210 K, was explained by (1) a decrease of effective electron-spin density caused by antiferromagnetic interaction, (2) a magnetic interaction between Cl nuclear-spin and electron-spins on paramagnetic Cu(II) ions, and (3) an increasing contribution from reorientation of ligand molecules, respectively. The electron spin-exchange parameter ? J? between the neighboring Cu(II) electrons was estimated to be 0.33 cm -1 from the T1 value of the range 20-210 K. Comparing this value with that of J = -1.84 cm -1 estimated from the magnetic susceptibility, it is suggested that the magnetic dipolar coupling with the electron spins on Cu(II) ions must be the principal mechanism for the 35Cl NQR spin-lattice relaxation of {CuCA(phz)(H 2O) 2} n but a delocalization of electron spin over the chloranilate ligand has to be taken into account.

Gotoh, Kazuma; Terao, Takeshi; Asaji, Tetsuo

2007-01-01

121

35 Cl, 79 Br, 81 Br, and 127 I NQR spectra of organomercury halides  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the NQR spectra of some halides disclosed that in the crystals of organomercury halides the behavior of the quadrupole constants is determined to a greater degree by the effect of the nature of the substituants on the intermolecular coordination reactions of Hg... Hal than by the usual transfer of the influence of the electronic effects along the

E. V. Bryukhova; A. K. Prokof'ev; T. Ya. Mel'nikova; O. Yu. Okhlobystia; G. K. Semin

1974-01-01

122

Systematics of isovector and isoscalar giant quadrupole resonances in normal and superfluid spherical nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The isoscalar (IS) and isovector (IV) quadrupole responses of nuclei are systematically investigated using the time-dependent Skyrme energy density functional including pairing in the BCS approximation. Using two different Skyrme functionals, Sly4 and SkM*, respectively 263 and 324 nuclei have been found to be spherical along the nuclear charts. The time-dependent evolution of these nuclei has been systematically investigated, giving access to their quadrupole responses. It is shown that the mean energy of the collective high-energy state globally reproduces the experimental IS and IV collective energy but fails to reproduce their lifetimes. It is found that the mean collective energy depends rather significantly on the functional used in the mean-field channel. Pairing by competing with parity effects can slightly affect the collective response around magic numbers and induces a reduction of the collective energy compared to the average trend. Low-lying states, that can only be considered if pairing is included, are investigated. While the approach provides a fair estimate of the low-lying state energy, it strongly underestimates the transition rate B(E2). Finally, the possibility to access the density dependence of the symmetry energy through parallel measurements of both the IS and IV giant quadrupole resonances is discussed.

Scamps, Guillaume; Lacroix, Denis

2013-10-01

123

High Pressure NQR Measurement in CeCu2Si2 up to Sudden Disappearance of Superconductivity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the results of 63Cu nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements on CeCu2Si2 under high pressures up to 4.8 GPa. Enhanced spin fluctuations due to quantum criticality at ambient pressure are drastically suppressed with increasing pressure, whereas Tc increases from 0.7 K at ambient pressure to 1.64 K at 4.2 GPa. We have found that bulk superconductivity suddenly disappears at 4.8 GPa accompanied with a rapid decrease in the density of states at the Fermi level. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T1 at 4.2 GPa reveals that anisotropic superconductivity in the strong-coupling regime is realized even under high pressure far from the antiferromagnetic critical point. Superconductivity under high pressure is unconventional in origin, but the spin fluctuation scenario is not likely to be applicable.

Fujiwara, Kenji; Hata, Yoshiki; Kobayashi, Keigo; Miyoshi, Kiyotaka; Takeuchi, Jun; Shimaoka, Yoshiyuki; Kotegawa, Hisashi; Kobayashi, Tatsuo C.; Geibel, Christoph; Steglich, Frank

2008-12-01

124

Magnetic correlations in La(2-x)Sr(x)CuO4 from NQR relaxation and specific heat  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

La-139 and Cu-63 Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) relaxation measurements in La(2-x)Sr(x)CuO4 for x ranging from 0 up to 0.3, with particular emphasis on the effect of doping on the Cu(2+) magnetic correlations and dynamics, are reviewed. In the low doping limit, x less than or equal to 0.05, the results can be interpreted consistently in terms of a simple phenomenological 'two-fluids' model whereby the effect of thermally-activated mobile O(2p) holes is the one of disrupting locally the Cu(2+) spin correlations. For x greater than or equal to 0.1, the results indicate the onset, as T approaches T(sub c)(+), of a strong coupling between Cu(2+) spins and the Fermi liquid of O(2p) holes leading to the apparent disappearance of localized Cu(2+) moment in connection with the opening of a superconducting gap.

Borsa, F.; Rigamonti, A.

1991-01-01

125

1H NMR and 14N NQR study of the ferroelectric phase transition in (CH3)2NH2H2PO4  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ferroelectric phase transition in (CH3)2NH2H2PO4 has been studied by 14N nuclear-quadrupole resonance (NQR) and 1H spin-lattice relaxation. Both above and below TC, the 14N quadrupole coupling constant is approximately 1.2 MHz and the asymmetry parameter ? is close to 1. Two nonequivalent nitrogen positions in the unit cell are observed below TC whereas, above TC, all nitrogen crystallographic positions are equivalent. Proton spin-lattice relaxation times T1 and T1D show the presence of two molecular motions. Both below and above TC, proton T1 as measured at ?L=32 MHz is dominated by a motion that slows down on the NMR frequency scale below -100 癈. This motion is most probably the 180 reorientation of a dimethylammonium ion around its twofold axis. In the paraelectric phase we observed a slow motion dominating T1D and T1 at low Larmor frequencies. This motion seems to be an up-down reorientation of a dimethylammonium ion along its twofold axis. The NMR and NQR data are interpreted in a model assuming close similarities between the crystal structures of KH2PO4 and (CH3)2NH2H2PO4.

Seliger, J.; 巃gar, V.

1998-04-01

126

NMR and NQR Studies on Non-centrosymmetric Superconductors Re7B3, LaBiPt, and BiPd  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) measurements for non-centrosymmetric superconductors Re7B3, LaBiPt, and BiPd containing heavy elements. For all three compounds, the spin--lattice relaxation rate 1/T1 shows a coherence peak just below Tc and decreases exponentially at low temperatures, which indicates that an isotropic superconducting gap is dominant in these compounds. In BiPd, the height of the coherence peak just below Tc is much suppressed, which suggests that there exists a substantial component of gap with nodes in this compound. Our results indicate that heavy element is not the only factor, but the extent of inversion symmetry breaking is also important to induce a large spin--orbit coupling and an unconventional superconducting state.

Matano, Kazuaki; Maeda, Satoki; Sawaoka, Hiroki; Muro, Yuji; Takabatake, Toshiro; Joshi, Bhanu; Ramakrishnan, Srinivasan; Kawashima, Kenji; Akimitsu, Jun; Zheng, Guo-qing

2013-08-01

127

Fluctuation properties of the strength function associated with the giant quadrupole resonance in {sup 208}Pb  

SciTech Connect

We performed fluctuation analysis by means of the local scaling dimension for the strength function of the isoscalar (IS) giant quadrupole resonance (GQR) in {sup 208}Pb where the strength function is obtained by the shell model calculation including 1p1h and 2p2h configurations. It is found that at almost all energy scales, fluctuation of the strength function obeys the Gaussian orthogonal ensemble (GOE) random matrix theory limit. This is contrasted with the results for the GQR in {sup 40}Ca, where at the intermediate energy scale of about 1.7 MeV, a deviation from the GOE limit was detected. It is found that the physical origin for this different behavior of the local scaling dimension is ascribed to the difference in the properties of the damping process.

Aiba, Hirokazu; Matsuo, Masayuki; Nishizaki, Shigeru; Suzuki, Toru [Kyoto Koka Women's College, 38 Kadono-cho Nishikyogoku, Ukyo-ku, 615-0882 Kyoto (Japan); Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Niigata University, 950-2181 Niigata (Japan); Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Iwate University, 3-18-34 Ueda, 020-8550 Morioka (Japan); Department of Physics, Tokyo Metropolitan University, 192-0397 Hachioji (Japan)

2011-02-15

128

New Method for Precise Determination of the Isovector Giant Quadrupole Resonances in Nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intense, nearly monoenergetic, 100% polarized ??-ray beams available at the HI??S facility, along with the realization that the E1-E2 interference term that appears in the Compton scattering polarization observable has opposite signs in the forward and backward angles, make it possible to obtain an order-of-magnitude improvement in the determination of the parameters of the isovector giant quadrupole resonance (IVGQR). Accurate IVGQR parameters will lead to a more detailed knowledge of the symmetry energy in the nuclear equation of state which is important for understanding nuclear matter under extreme conditions such as those present in neutron stars. Our new method is demonstrated for the case of Bi209.

Henshaw, S. S.; Ahmed, M. W.; Feldman, G.; Nathan, A. M.; Weller, H. R.

2011-11-01

129

Charge-carrier density and interplane coupling in Y2Ba4Cu7O15: A Cu NMR-NQR study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report an observation of the 63,65Cu nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) in Y2Ba4Cu7O15. We have measured the temperature dependence of the Cu NQR frequency and spin-lattice relaxation at all four chemically inequivalent Cu sites, and of the Cu magnetic shift at two inequivalent plane Cu sites (for the magnetic field parallel and perpendicular to the c axis). The Y2Ba4Cu7O15 compound turns out to be a structure containing two inequivalent CuO2 planes of differing doping levels, a multilattice in which YBa2Cu4O8 blocks and YBa2Cu3O7 blocks alternate. In the normal conducting state both the static and the dynamic electron spin susceptibilities of the individual planes of a double plane are governed by the same temperature dependence, which shows a behavior typical for an underdoped high-Tc compound. The same temperature dependence means strong coupling between these planes, with the lower limit of the coupling constant not much less than 30 meV. Although the planes are strongly coupled, their spin susceptibilities retain a distinct q dependence. The temperature variation of relaxation rate and Knight shift is described in terms of spin-gap formation or, alternatively, of frustrated phase separation. Below Tc, the common temperature dependence is lost, which could arise from the opening of two superconducting gaps that differ in the individual planes.

Stern, R.; Mali, M.; Mangelschots, I.; Roos, J.; Brinkmann, D.; Genoud, J.-Y.; Graf, T.; Muller, J.

1994-07-01

130

A theoretical study of 17O, 14N and 2H nuclear quadrupole coupling tensors in the real crystalline structure of acetaminophen  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A systematic computational investigation was carried out to characterize the 17O, 14N and 2H electric field gradient, EFG, tensors in the acetaminophen real crystalline structure. To include the hydrogen bonding effects in the calculations, the most probable interacting molecules with the target molecule in the crystalline phase were considered through the various molecular clusters. The calculations were performed with the B3LYP method and 6-311++G ?? and 6-311+G ? standard basis sets using the Gaussian 98 suite of programs. Calculated EFG tensors were used to evaluate the 17O, 14N, and 2H nuclear quadrupole resonance, NQR, parameters in acetaminophen crystalline structure, which are in good agreement with the available experimental data. The difference between the calculated NQR parameters of the monomer and molecular clusters shows how much hydrogen bonding interactions affect the EFG tensors of each nucleus. These results indicate that both O-H⋯O and N-H⋯O hydrogen bonding have major influence on the NQR parameters. Moreover, the quantum chemical calculation indicated that the intermolecular hydrogen bonding interactions play an essential role in determining the relative orientation of quadrupole coupling principal components in the molecular frame axes.

Behzadi, Hadi; Esrafili, Mehdi D.; Hadipour, Nasser L.

2007-03-01

131

Nuclear quadrupole resonance: a technique to control hydration processes in the pharmaceutical industry.  

PubMed

Pharmaceuticals can exist in many solid forms, which can have different physical and chemical properties. These solid forms include polymorphs, solvates, amorphous, and hydrates. Particularly, hydration process can be quite common since pharmaceutical solids can be in contact with water during manufacturing process and can also be exposed to water during storage. In the present work, it is proved that NQR technique is capable of detecting different hydrated forms not only in the pure raw material but also in the final product (tablets), being in this way a useful technique for quality control. This technique was also used to study the dehydration process from pentahydrate to trihydrate. PMID:21314133

Limandri, Silvina; Vis駉vezky, Claudia; P閞ez, Silvina C; Schurrer, Clemar A; Wolfenson, Alberto E; Ferro, Maribel; Cuffini, Silvia L; de Souza, Joel Gon鏰lves; Aguiar, F Armani; de Gaitani, C Masetto

2011-03-01

132

?-detected nuclear quadrupole resonance and relaxation of 8Li+ in sapphire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report detailed behaviour of low energy 8Li implanted near the surface of ?- Al2O3 single crystal, as revealed by beta-detected NQR of 8Li. We find that the implanted 8Li occupies at least two sites with non-cubic symmetry in the Al2O3 lattice. In both sites the 8Li experiences axially symmetric electric field gradient, with the main principal axis along the c-crystallographic direction. The temperature and field dependence of the spin lattice relaxation of 8Li in ?-Al2O3, indicate that the 8Li diffusion is negligible on the scale of its lifetime, 1.21 s.

Salman, Z.; Chow, K. H.; Hossain, M. D.; Kiefl, R. F.; Levy, C. D. P.; Parolin, T. J.; Pearson, M. R.; Saadaoui, H.; Wang, D.; MacFarlane, W. A.

2014-12-01

133

Nuclear quadrupole resonance of Cl 35 , Br 79 , Br 81 , and I 127 of halogen-containing organomercury compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.The NQR spectra of halogens in a number of organomercury compounds of the RHgHal and p-ClC6 H4HgX types were investigated.2.In crystals of the compounds studied, coordination interactions arise between the mercury atoms and the halogens. However, when the type of coordination is preserved within a narrow series of compounds, the changes in the NQR frequencies may be determined by the

A. N. Nesmeyanov; O. Yu. Okhlobystin; E. V. Bryukhova; V. I. Bregadze; D. N. Kravtsov; B. A. Faingor; L. S. Golovchenko; G. K. Semin

1969-01-01

134

An Investigation of the Isovector Giant Quadrupole Resonance in Bismuth-209 using Polarized Compton Scattering  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Giant multipole resonances are a fundamental property of nuclei and arise from the collective motion of the nucleons inside the nucleus. Careful studies of these resonances and their properties provides insight into the nature of nuclear matter and constraints which can be used to test our theories. An investigation of the Isovector Giant Quadrupole Resonance (IVGQR) in 209Bi has been preformed using the High Intensity gamma-ray Source (HI g? S) facility. Intense nearly monochromatic polarized g? -rays were incident upon a 209Bi target producing nuclear Compton scattered gamma-rays that were detected using the HI g? S NaI(Tl) Detector Array (HINDA). The HINDA array consists of six large (10"x10") NaI(Tl) core crystals, each surrounded by an optically segmented 3" thick NaI(Tl) annulus. The scattered gamma-rays both parallel and perpendicular to the plane of polarization were detected at scattering angles of 55 and 125 with respect to the beam axis. This was motivated by the realization that the term representing the interference between the electric dipole ( E1) and electric quadrupole (E2) amplitudes, which appears in the theoretical expression for the ratio of the polarized cross sections, has a sign difference between the forward and backward angles and also changes sign as the incident gamma-ray energy is scanned over the E2 resonance energy. The ratio of cross sections perpendicular and parallel to the plane of polarization of the incident gamma-ray were measured for thirteen different incident gamma-ray energies between 15 and 26 MeV at these two angles and used to extract the parameters of the IVGQR in 209Bi. The polarization ratio was calculated at 55 and 125 using a model consisting of E1 and E2 giant resonances as well as a modified Thomson scattering amplitude. The parameters of the E1 giant resonance came from previous measurements of the Giant Dipole Resonance (GDR) in 209Bi. The finite size of the nucleus was accounted for by introducing a charge form factor in the (modified) Thomson amplitude. This form factor was obtained from measurements of the charge density in inelastic electron scattering experiments. The resulting curves were fit to the data by varying the E2 parameters until a minimum value of the chi2 was found. The resulting parameters from the fit yield an IVGQR in 209Bi located at Eres = 23.0 +/- 0.13(stat)+/-0.25(sys) MeV with a width of Gamma = 3.9 +/- 0.7(stat)+/-1.3(sys) MeV and a strength of 0.56 +/- 0.04(stat)+/-0.10(sys) Isovector Giant Quadrupole Energy Weighted Sum Rules (IVQ-EWSRs). The ability to make precise measurements of the parameters of the IVGQR demonstrated by this work opens up new challenges to both experimental and theoretical work in nuclear structure. A detailed search for the missing sum rule strength in the case of 209Bi should be performed. In addition, a systematic study of a number of nuclei should be studied with this technique in order to carefully examine the A dependence of the energy, width and sum rule strength of the IVGQR as a function of the mass number A. The unique properties of the HI g? S facility makes it the ideal laboratory at which to perform these studies. Such a data base will provide more stringent tests of nuclear theory. The effective parameters of collective models can be fine tuned to account for such precision data. This should lead to new insights into the underlying interactions responsible for the nature of the IVGQR. Furthermore, with the recent advances in computational power and techniques, microscopic shell model based calculations should be possible and could lead to new insights into the underlying properties of nuclear matter which are responsible for the collective behavior evidenced by the existence and properties of the IVGQR.

Henshaw, Seth S.

135

14N nuclear-quadrupole-resonance study of orientational ordering in the smectic phases of achiral TBBA and chiral TBACA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 14N quadrupole coupling constant and asymmetry parameter eta have been measured (using a double-resonance technique) as a function of temperature in the smectic A, smectic C, and smectic H phases of achiral TBBA and chiral TBACA, as well as in the smectic VI and the solid phase of TBBA. In the low-temperature smectic H and smectic VI phases of

J. Seliger; V. Zagar; R. Blinc

1978-01-01

136

Fine Structure in the Energy Region of the Isoscalar Giant Quadrupole Resonance: Characteristic Scales from a Wavelet Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fine structure in the energy region of the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance in nuclei is observed in high-resolution proton scattering experiments at iThemba LABS over a wide mass range. A novel method based on wavelet transforms is introduced for the extraction of scales characterizing the fine structure. A comparison with microscopic model calculations including two-particle two-hole (2p2h) degrees of freedom

A. Shevchenko; J. Carter; R. W. Fearick; S. V. F鰎tsch; H. Fujita; Y. Fujita; Y. Kalmykov; D. Lacroix; J. J. Lawrie; P. von Neumann-Cosel; R. Neveling; V. Yu. Ponomarev; A. Richter; E. Sideras-Haddad; F. D. Smit; J. Wambach

2004-01-01

137

SQUID detected NMR and NQR  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dc Superconducting QUantum Interference Device (SQUID) is a sensitive detector of magnetic flux, with a typical flux noise of the order 1 ??0 Hz?1\\/2 at liquid helium temperatures. Here ?0=?\\/2e is the flux quantum. In our NMR or NQR spectrometer, a niobium wire coil wrapped around the sample is coupled to a thin film superconducting coil deposited on the

Matthew P. Augustine; Dinh M. TonThat; John Clarke

1998-01-01

138

Magnetic-field-induced quadrupole coupling in the nuclear magnetic resonance of noble-gas atoms and molecules  

SciTech Connect

An analytic response theory formulation for the leading-order magnetic field-induced and field-dependent quadrupole splitting in nuclear magnetic resonance spectra is presented and demonstrated with first-principles calculations for {sup 21}Ne, {sup 36}Ar, and {sup 83}Kr in noble gas atoms. The case of molecules was studied for {sup 33}S in the sulphur hexafluoride molecule, as well as for {sup 47/49}Ti, {sup 91}Zr, and {sup 177,179}Hf in group(IV) tetrahalides. According to our calculations, the hitherto experimentally unknown field-induced quadrupole splitting in molecules rises to 10{sup 2} Hz for {sup 177,179}Hf nuclei in HfF{sub 4} and 10{sup 1} Hz for {sup 47/49}Ti in TiCl{sub 4}, and is hence of observable magnitude.

Manninen, Pekka [Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 55 (A.I. Virtasen aukio 1), FIN-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); NMR Research Group, Department of Physical Sciences, P.O. Box 3000, FIN-90014 University of Oulu (Finland); Vaara, Juha [Laboratory of Physical Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 55 (A.I. Virtasen aukio 1), FIN-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland); Pyykkoe, Pekka [Laboratory for Instruction in Swedish, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 55 (A.I. Virtasen aukio 1), FIN-00014 University of Helsinki (Finland)

2004-10-01

139

First Measurement of the Giant Monopole and Quadrupole Resonances in a Short-Lived Nucleus: {sup 56}Ni  

SciTech Connect

The isoscalar giant monopole resonance (GMR) and giant quadrupole resonance (GQR) have been measured in the {sup 56}Ni unstable nucleus by inducing the {sup 56}Ni(d,d{sup '}) reaction at 50A MeV in the Maya active target at the GANIL facility. The GMR and GQR centroids are measured at 19.3{+-}0.5 MeV and 16.2{+-}0.5 MeV, respectively. The corresponding angular distributions are extracted from 3 deg. to 7 deg. A multipole decomposition analysis using distorted wave Born approximation with random phase approximation transition densities shows that both the GMR and the GQR exhaust a large fraction of the energy-weighted sum rule. The demonstration of this new method opens a broad range of giant resonance studies at intermediate-energy radioactive beam facilities.

Monrozeau, C.; Khan, E.; Blumenfeld, Y.; Beaumel, D.; Ebran, J. P.; Frascaria, N.; Gupta, D.; Marechal, F.; Scarpaci, J-A. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire IN2P3/CNRS, Universite Paris Sud, 91406 Orsay Cedex (France); Demonchy, C. E. [Department of Physics, Olivier Lodge Laboratory, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZE (United Kingdom); Mittig, W.; Roussel-Chomaz, P.; Gelin, M. [GANIL, DSM/CEA, IN2P3/CNRS, BP 5027, 14076 Caen Cedex 5 (France); Caamano, M.; Cortina-Gil, D. [Universidad Santiago de Compostela, E-15706 Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Garg, U. [Physics Department, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Gillibert, A.; Keeley, N.; Obertelli, A. [CEA/DSM/DAPNIA/SPhN, Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

2008-02-01

140

Evidence for Unconventional Strong-Coupling Superconductivity in PrOs4Sb12: An Sb Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report Sb-NQR results which evidence a heavy-fermion (HF) behavior and an unconventional superconducting (SC) property in Pr(Os4Sb12 with Tc=1.85 K. The temperature (T) dependence of nuclear-spin-lattice-relaxation rate, 1\\/T1, and NQR frequency unravel a low-lying crystal-electric-field splitting below T010 K, associated with Pr3+(4f2)-derived ground state. In the SC state, 1\\/T1 shows neither a coherence peak just below Tc K nor

H. Kotegawa; M. Yogi; Y. Imamura; Y. Kawasaki; G.-Q. Zheng; Y. Kitaoka; S. Ohsaki; H. Sugawara; Y. Aoki; H. Sato

2003-01-01

141

17O and 39K quadrupole resonance study of the ferroelastic phase transition in KH3(SeO3)2  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 17O-proton nuclear double-resonance spectra of KH3(SeO3)2 have been measured above and below the ferroelastic transition and the quadrupole coupling has been determined for all three chemically nonequivalent oxygen sites in the unit cell. The 17O-proton magnetic dipolar coupling as well as the 17O quadrupole coupling data clearly show the presence of proton motion between two equilibrium sites in the

J. Seliger; V. Zagar; R. Blinc; A. Novak

1986-01-01

142

Electronic properties of Y-Ba-Cu-O superconductors as seen by Cu and O NMR/NQR  

SciTech Connect

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) allow the investigation of electronic properties at the atomic level. The authors will report on such studies of typical members of the the Y-Ba-Cu-O family such as YBa2Cu30(6 + x) (1-2-3-(6 + x)), YBa2Cu4O8 (1-2-4) and Y2Ba4Cu7015 (2-4-7) with many examples of recent work performed in their laboratory. In particular, they will deal with Knight shift and relaxation studies of copper and oxygen. They will discuss important issues of current studies such as: (1) Existence of a common electronic spin-susceptibility in the planes (and perhaps in the chains) of 1-2-4; (2) Strong evidence for the existence of a pseudo spin-gap of the antiferromagnetic fluctuations in 1-2-4 and 2-4-7; (3) Evidence for d-wave pairing in 1-2-4; (4) Strong coupling of inequivalent Cu-O planes in 2-4-7 and possible origin for the high Tc value of this compound; and (5) The possibility to describe NMR data in the framework of a charge-excitation picture.

Brinkmann, D.

1995-04-01

143

Electronic properties of Y-Ba-Cu-O superconductors as seen by Cu and O NMR/NQR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) allow the investigation of electronic properties at the atomic level. We will report on such studies of typical members of the the Y-Ba-Cu-O family such as YBa2Cu30(6 + x) (1-2-3-(6 + x)), YBa2Cu4O8 (1-2-4) and Y2Ba4Cu7015 (2-4-7) with many examples of recent work performed in our laboratory. In particular, we will deal with Knight shift and relaxation studies of copper and oxygen. We will discuss important issues of current studies such as: (1) Existence of a common electronic spin-susceptibility in the planes (and perhaps in the chains) of 1-2-4; (2) Strong evidence for the existence of a pseudo spin-gap of the antiferromagnetic fluctuations in 1-2-4 and 2-4-7; (3) Evidence for d-wave pairing in 1-2-4; (4) Strong coupling of inequivalent Cu-O planes in 2-4-7 and possible origin for the high Tc value of this compound; and (5) The possibility to describe NMR data in the framework of a charge-excitation picture.

Brinkmann, D.

1995-04-01

144

Electronic properties of Y-Ba-Cu-O superconductors as seen by Cu and O NMR/NQR  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) allow the investigation of electronic properties at the atomic level. We will report on such studies of typical members of the the Y-Ba-Cu-O family such as YBa2Cu30(6 + x) (1-2-3-(6 + x)), YBa2Cu4O8 (1-2-4) and Y2Ba4Cu7015 (2-4-7) with many examples of recent work performed in our laboratory. In particular, we will deal with Knight shift and relaxation studies of copper and oxygen. We will discuss important issues of current studies such as: (1) Existence of a common electronic spin-susceptibility in the planes (and perhaps in the chains) of 1-2-4; (2) Strong evidence for the existence of a pseudo spin-gap of the antiferromagnetic fluctuations in 1-2-4 and 2-4-7; (3) Evidence for d-wave pairing in 1-2-4; (4) Strong coupling of inequivalent Cu-O planes in 2-4-7 and possible origin for the high Tc value of this compound; and (5) The possibility to describe NMR data in the framework of a charge-excitation picture.

Brinkmann, D.

1995-01-01

145

Nuclear quadrupole resonance measurement of the anisotropic magnetic shielding and quadrupole coupling constants of 151Eu3+ and 153Eu3+ dilute in YAlO3 single crystal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nuclear quadrupole resonance spectra of Eu3+ in YAlO3 single crystal at ~ 10 K are reported. From the ratio of the quadrupole interaction parameters of 151Eu and 153Eu, the ratio of the quadrupole moments corrected for the pseudoquadrupole interaction is obtained Q153Q151=2.5812+/-0.0010. With low-magnetic-field studies the anisotropic magnetic shielding factors are measured. They are ?x=0.58, ?y=0.80, ?z=0.47 compared to an estimate of ?z=0.89 by Elliott. A measured value =39 -3 is obtained using Elliott's formulation and the experimental values of the anisotropic magnetic shielding factors.

Erickson, L. E.; Sharma, K. K.

1981-10-01

146

Detection of 鹿鈦碞 and 鲁鈦礐l in cocaine base and hydrochloride using NQR, NMR, and SQUID techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results from 鹿鈦碞 pure NQR of cocaine in the free base form (cocaine base) yield a nuclear quadrupole coupling constant (NQCC) e虏Qq\\/h of 5.0229 ({+-}0.0001) MHz and an asymmetry parameter 畏 of 0.0395 ({+-}0.0001) at 295 K, with corresponding values of 5.0460 ({+-}0.0013) MHz and 0.0353 ({+-}0.0008) at 77 K. Both pure NQR (at 295-77 K) and a superconducting quantum

James P. Yesinowski; Michael L. Buess; Allen N. Garroway; Marcia. Ziegeweid; Alexander. Pines

1995-01-01

147

Magnetic correlations in La(2-x)Sr(x)CuO4 from NQR relaxation and specific heat  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

La-139 and Cu-63 Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) relaxation measurements in La(2-x)Sr(x)CuO4 for O = to or less than 0.3 and in the temperature range 1.6 + 450 K are analyzed in terms of Cu(++) magnetic correlations and dynamics. It is described how the magnetic correlations that would result from Cu-Cu exchange are reduced by mobile charge defects related to x-doping. A comprehensive picture is given which explains satisfactorily the x and T dependence of the correlation time, of the correlation length and of the Neel temperature T(sub n)(x) as well as being consistent with known electrical resistivity and magnetic susceptibility measurements. It is discussed how, in the superconducting samples, the mobile defects also cause the decrease, for T yields T(sub c)(+) of the hyperfine Cu electron-nucleus effective interaction, leading to the coexistence of quasi-localized, reduced magnetic moments from 3d Cu electrons and mobile oxygen p-hole carriers. The temperature dependence of the effective hyperfine field around the superconducting transition yields an activation energy which could be related to the pairing energy. New specific heat measurements are also presented and discussed in terms of the above picture.

Borsa, F.; Rigamonti, A.

1990-01-01

148

Characterization of solid phases and study of transformation kinetics in m-chlorofluorobenzene by 35Cl nuclear quadrupole resonance.  

PubMed

Polymorphism is of widespread occurrence in the world of molecular crystals. In this work we present experimental results showing the existence of four solid phases in m-chlorofluorobenzene. A glass structure is achieved by quenching the liquid phase at 77 K. This glassy state crystallizes in a disordered phase at T~143 K, which in turn transforms to the high-temperature stable phase (phase I) at T~153 K. Depending on the thermal history of the sample, a different ordered phase (phase III) can be obtained. The disorder is attributed to a molecular orientational disorder. There is no evidence of molecular reorientation in any phase. A study of the disorder-order phase transformation kinetics, using nuclear quadrupole resonance, is presented. The results are analyzed following Cahn's theory. Nucleation seems to take place at grain boundaries. Growth rates for different temperatures have been determined. PMID:22209621

P閞ez, Silvina; Wolfenson, Alberto

2012-02-01

149

A miniaturized NQR spectrometer for a multi-channel NQR-based detection device.  

PubMed

A low frequency (0.5-5 MHz) battery operated sensitive pulsed NQR spectrometer with a transmitter power up to 5 W and a total mass of about 3 kg aimed at detecting (14)N NQR signals, predominantly of illicit materials, was designed and assembled. This spectrometer uses a standard software defined radio (SDR) platform for the data acquisition unit. Signal processing is done with the LabView Virtual instrument on a personal computer. We successfully tested the spectrometer by measuring (14)N NQR signals from aminotetrazole monohydrate (ATMH), potassium nitrate (PN), paracetamol (PCM) and trinitrotoluene (TNT). Such a spectrometer is a feasible component of a portable single or multichannel (14)N NQR based detection device. PMID:25233110

Begu, Samo; Jazbin歟k, Vojko; Pirnat, Janez; Trontelj, Zvonko

2014-10-01

150

Zero field NMR and NQR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods are described and demonstrated for detecting the coherent evolution of nuclear spin observables in zero magnetic field with the full sensitivity of high field NMR. The principle motivation is to provide a means of obtaining solid state spectra of the magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole interactions of disordered systems without the line broadening associated with random orientation with respect

D. B. Zax; A. Bielecki; K. W. Zilm; A. Pines; D. P. Weitekamp

1985-01-01

151

Systematic of isovector and isoscalar giant quadrupole resonances in normal and superfluid deformed nuclei  

E-print Network

The systematic study of isoscalar (IS) and isovector (IV) giant quadrupole responses (GQR) in normal and superfluid nuclei presented in [G. Scamps and D. Lacroix, Phys. Rev. 88, 044310 (2013)] is extended to the case of axially deformed and triaxial nuclei. The static and dynamical energy density functional based on Skyrme effective interaction are used to study static properties and dynamical response functions over the whole nuclear chart. Among the 749 nuclei that are considered, 301 and 65 are respectively found to be prolate and oblate while 54 do not present any symmetry axis. For these nuclei, the IS- and IV-GQR response functions are systematically obtained. In these nuclei, different aspects related to the interplay between deformation and collective motion are studied. We show that some aspects like the fragmentation of the response induced by deformation effects in axially symmetric and triaxial nuclei can be rather well understood using simple arguments. Besides this simplicity, more complex effects show up like the appearance of non-trivial deformation effects on the collective motion damping or the influence of hexadecapole or higher-orders effects. A specific study is made on the triaxial nuclei where the absence of symmetry axis adds further complexity to the nuclear response. The relative importance of geometric deformation effects and coupling to other vibrational modes are discussed.

Guillaume Scamps; Denis Lacroix

2014-01-21

152

Evidence for Unconventional Strong-Coupling Superconductivity in PrOs4Sb12: An Sb Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report Sb-NQR results which evidence a heavy-fermion (HF) behavior and an unconventional superconducting (SC) property in Pr(Os4Sb12 with Tc=1.85 K. The temperature (T) dependence of nuclear-spin-lattice-relaxation rate, 1/T1, and NQR frequency unravel a low-lying crystal-electric-field splitting below T010 K, associated with Pr3+(4f2)-derived ground state. In the SC state, 1/T1 shows neither a coherence peak just below Tc K nor a T3-like power-law behavior observed for anisotropic HF superconductors with the line-node gap. The isotropic energy gap with its size ?/kB=4.8 K seems to open up across Tc below T*2.3 K. It is surprising that Pr(Os4Sb12 looks like an isotropic HF superconductor梚t may indeed argue for Cooper pairing via quadrupolar fluctuations.

Kotegawa, H.; Yogi, M.; Imamura, Y.; Kawasaki, Y.; Zheng, G.-Q.; Kitaoka, Y.; Ohsaki, S.; Sugawara, H.; Aoki, Y.; Sato, H.

2003-01-01

153

Giant Quadrupole-Resonance in Mg-24, Al-27 and Si-28  

E-print Network

, College Station, Texas 77843 (Received 17 January 1977) The giant-resonance region of ' Mg, 'Al, and "Si was studied by inelastic scattering of 126-MeV a particles. In contrast to results at 96 MeV, considerable clustering of E2 strength was observed... for "Al at E??20.1 MeV with 1 ?7.6 MeV exhausting about 35% of the E2 energy weighted sum rule. E2 strength was also located in Mg in two clusters of states at E??18.2, 24.4 MeV; however, contributions from other multipoles cannot be neglected. In ' Si...

Youngblood, David H.; Rozsa, C. M.; Moss, JM; Brown, D. R.; Bronson, J. D.

1977-01-01

154

Electron density distribution in cladribine (2-chloro-2?-deoxyadenosine) - A drug against leukemia and multiple sclerosis - Studied by multinuclear NQR spectroscopy and DFT calculations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

2-Chloro-2'-deoxyadenosine (Cladribine) chemotherapeutic drug has been studied experimentally in solid state by 35Cl NQR and NMR-NQR double resonance and theoretically by the Density Functional Theory. Fifteen resonance frequencies on 14N have been detected and assigned to particular nitrogen sites in the 2-CdA molecule. The effects of tautomerism, regioisomerism, conformations and molecular aggregations, related to intermolecular hydrogen bond formation, on the NQR parameters have been analysed within the DFT and AIM ( Atoms in Molecules) formalism. The properties of the whole molecule, the so-called global reactivity descriptors, have been calculated for a comparison of both syn and anti conformations of 2-CdA molecule to check the effect of crystal packing on molecular conformation.

Latosi?ska, J. N.; Latosi?ska, M.; Seliger, J.; 巃gar, V.; Kazimierczuk, Z.

2009-07-01

155

Detection of {sup 14}N and {sup 35}Cl in cocaine base and hydrochloride using NQR, NMR, and SQUID techniques  

SciTech Connect

Results from {sup 14}N pure NQR of cocaine in the free base form (cocaine base) yield a nuclear quadrupole coupling constant (NQCC) e{sup 2}Qq/h of 5.0229 ({+-}0.0001) MHz and an asymmetry parameter {eta} of 0.0395 ({+-}0.0001) at 295 K, with corresponding values of 5.0460 ({+-}0.0013) MHz and 0.0353 ({+-}0.0008) at 77 K. Both pure NQR (at 295-77 K) and a superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) detector (at 4.2 K) were used to measure the very low (<1 MHz) {sup 14}N transition frequencies in cocaine hydrochloride; at 295 K the NQCC is 1.1780 ({+-}0.0014) MHz and the asymmetry parameter is 0.2632 ({+-}0.0034). Stepping the carrier frequency enables one to obtain a powder pattern without the severe intensity distortions that otherwise arise from finite pulse power. A powder pattern simulation using an NQCC value of 5.027 MHz and an asymmetry parameter {eta} of 0.2 agrees reasonably well with the experimental stepped-frequency spectrum. The use of pure NQR for providing nondestructive, quantitative, and highly specific detection of crystalline compounds is discussed, as are experimental strategies. 31 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

Yesinowski, J.P.; Buess, M.L.; Garroway, A.N. [Naval Research Lab., Washington, DC (United States); Ziegeweid, M.; Pines, A. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)]|[Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1995-07-01

156

Crystallization and preliminary analysis of the NqrA and NqrC subunits of the Na+-translocating NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase from Vibrio cholerae.  

PubMed

The Na+-translocating NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Na+-NQR) from Vibrio cholerae is a membrane protein complex consisting of six different subunits NqrA-NqrF. The major domains of the NqrA and NqrC subunits were heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli and crystallized. The structure of NqrA1-377 was solved in space groups C222? and P2? by SAD phasing and molecular replacement at 1.9 and 2.1? resolution, respectively. NqrC devoid of the transmembrane helix was co-expressed with ApbE to insert the flavin mononucleotide group covalently attached to Thr225. The structure was determined by molecular replacement using apo-NqrC of Parabacteroides distasonis as search model at 1.8? resolution. PMID:25005105

Vohl, Georg; Nedielkov, Ruslan; Claussen, Bj鰎n; Casutt, Marco S; Vorburger, Thomas; Diederichs, Kay; M鰈ler, Heiko M; Steuber, Julia; Fritz, G黱ter

2014-07-01

157

I: Low Frequency NMR and NQR Using a dc SQUID. II: Variable-temperature 13C CP/MAS of Organometallics  

SciTech Connect

NMR and NQR at low frequencies are difficult prospects due to small nuclear spin polarization. Furthermore, the sensitivity'of the inductive pickup circuitry of standard spectrometers is reduced as the frequency is lowered. I have used a cw-SQUID (Superconducting QUantum Interference Device) spectrometer, which has no such frequency dependence, to study the local atomic environment of {sup 14}N via the quadrupolar interaction. Because {sup 14}N has spin I = 1 and a 0-6 MHz frequency range, it is not possible to obtain well-resolved spectra in high magnetic fields. I have used a technique to observe {sup 14}N NQR resonances via their effect on neighboring protons mediated by the heteronuclear dipolar interaction to study peptides and narcotics. The sensitivity of the SQUID is not enough to measure low-frequency surface (or other low spin density) systems. The application of spin-polarized xenon has been previously used to enhance polarization in conventional NMR experiments. Because xenon only polarizes spins with which it is in contact, it is surface selective. While differences in chemical shifts between surface and bulk spins are not large, it is expected that the differences in quadrupole coupling constant should be very large due to the drastic change of the electric field gradient surrounding spins at the surface. With this in mind, I have taken preliminary steps to measure SQUID detected polarization transfer from Xe to another spin species at 4.2 K and in small magnetic fields (<50 G). In this regime, the spin-lattice relaxation of xenon is dependent on the applied magnetic field. The results of our efforts to characterize the relaxation of xenon are presented. The final section describes the solid-state variable-temperature (VT) one- and two-dimensional {sup 13}C cross polarization (CP)/magic angle spinning (MAS) NMR of Hf({eta}{sup 5}-C{sub 5}H{sub 5}){sub 2}({eta}{sup 1}-C{sub 5}H{sub 5}){sub 2}, Zr({eta}{sup 5}-C{sub 5}H{sub 5}){sub 3}({eta}{sup 1}-C{sub 5}H{sub 5}) and Sn({eta}{sup 1}-C{sub 5}H{sub 5}){sub 4}. This work was undertaken in the hope of gaining insight into the intramolecuhrr dynamics, specifically which fluxional processes exist in the solid state, by what mechanism rearrangements are occurring, and the activation energies by which these processes are governed.

Ziegeweid, M.A.

1995-11-29

158

Site-directed mutagenesis of conserved cysteine residues in NqrD and NqrE subunits of Na+-translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase.  

PubMed

Each of two hydrophobic subunits of Na+-translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase (NQR), NqrD and NqrE, contain a pair of strictly conserved cysteine residues within their transmembrane alpha-helices. Site-directed mutagenesis showed that substitutions of these residues in NQR of Vibrio harveyi blocked the Na+-dependent and 2-n-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline N-oxide-sensitive quinone reductase activity of the enzyme. However, these mutations did not affect the interaction of NQR with NADH and menadione. It was demonstrated that these conserved cysteine residues are necessary for the correct folding and/or the stability of the NQR complex. Mass and EPR spectroscopy showed that NQR from V. harveyi bears only a 2Fe-2S cluster as a metal-containing prosthetic group. PMID:18298367

Fadeeva, M S; Bertsova, Y V; Verkhovsky, M I; Bogachev, A V

2008-02-01

159

DTA and NQR studies of polymorphism in p-chlorofluorobenzene  

Microsoft Academic Search

Differential thermal analysis, and the 35Cl Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance frequency (?Q) and spin-lattice relaxation time (T1) were measured as a function of temperature in p-chlorofluorobenzene. Three different phases were found according to the thermal history of the sample and only one was stable up to the melting point. In one of the phases, the presence of molecular reorientations can be

L. Cerioni; S. Perez; A. Wolfenson

2004-01-01

160

Temperature dependence of one-dimensional hydrogen bonding in morpholinium hydrogen chloranilate studied by 35Cl nuclear quadrupole resonance and multi-temperature X-ray diffraction.  

PubMed

The temperature dependence of (35)Cl NQR frequencies and the spin-lattice relaxation times T(1) has been measured in the wide temperature range of 4.2-420 K for morpholinium hydrogen chloranilate in which a one-dimensional O-HO hydrogen-bonded molecular chain of hydrogen chloranilate ions is formed. An anomalous temperature dependence of the NQR frequencies was analyzed to deduce a drastic temperature variation of the electronic state of the hydrogen-bonded molecular chain. The hydrogen atom distribution in the OHO hydrogen bond is discussed from the results of NQR as well as multi-temperature X-ray diffraction. Above ca. 330 K, the T(1) showed a steep decrease with an activation energy of ca. 70 kJ mol(-1) and with an isotope ratio (37)Cl T(1)/(35)Cl T(1) = 0.97 0.2. The orientational change of the z axis of electric field gradient tensor in conjunction with the hydrogen transfer between adjacent hydrogen chloranilate ions is suggested as a possible relaxation mechanism. PMID:22872006

Tobu, Yasuhiro; Ikeda, Ryuichi; Nihei, Taka-aki; Gotoh, Kazuma; Ishida, Hiroyuki; Asaji, Tetsuo

2012-09-21

161

Nuclear quadrupole resonance study of RuSr2R2-xCexCu2O10+?(R=Eu,Gd) and the effects of electronic doping  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cu nuclear quadrupole resonance measurements have been made on the single CuO2 layer underdoped high temperature superconducting cuprate (HTSC) RuSr2R2-xCexCu2O10+?(R=Eu,Gd) . It is found that the nearly constant superconducting transition temperature for x=0.6 and 0.8 can be attributed to a similar hole concentration in the CuO2 planes and the hole concentration is significantly lower for the nonsuperconducting x=1.0 sample. Similar to other HTSCs, the Cu63 spin-lattice relaxation rate decreases with increasing hole concentration in the CuO2 planes. There is evidence of a spatially inhomogeneous spin fluctuation spectrum that exists even for the superconducting samples. Similar inhomogeneities have been reported in some of the other HTSCs and, hence, the current results provide further evidence of inhomogeneities in the HTSCs.

Williams, G. V. M.

2006-02-01

162

Excitation of half-integer resonances by random quadrupole field errors in the BETA-BEAM RCS  

E-print Network

The Rapid Cycling Synchrotron of the Beta-Beam facility has been designed to operatewith horizontal and vertical tunes between 6 and 7 in order to avoid systematicresonances up to the fourth order. Nevertheless, unavoidable magnet imperfections mayexcite non systematic second order resonances which may pertub particle motion.In this paper an Hamiltonian treatment based on a well established formalism [1-3] is used to analyze the resonance excitation and to suggest correction schemes minimizing their effects.[1] A. Schoch. Theory of linear and non linear perturbations of betatron oscillations inalternating gradient synchrotrons. CERN 52-21, 1958.[2] G. Guignard. A general treatment of resonances in accelerators. CERN 78-11, 1978.[3] J-L. Laclare, G. Leleux, and A. Tkatchenko. Resonnances quadrupolaires- aleatoiresquadrupolaires et corrections. DSS-GERS- 74-91/TP-06, 1974.

Lachaize, A

163

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Diffusion Studies of 23Na in Beta Alumina, Effect of Water on the 23Na Quadrupole Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measurements of the 23Na nuclear magnetic resonance spectra in samples of sodium beta alumina are interpreted in terms of sodium diffusion and water absorption. Intense motional narrowing is observed below room temperature consistent with the low activation energy for diffusion. The 23Na spectra from finely powdered material show effects, similar to those observed in zeolites, due to absorbed water. The

D. Kline; H. S. Story; W. L. Roth

1972-01-01

164

Enhancing the Superconducting Transition Temperature of CeRh1-xIrxIn5 due to the Strong-Coupling Effects of Antiferromagnetic Spin Fluctuations: An In115 Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on systematic evolutions of antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin fluctuations and unconventional superconductivity (SC) in heavy-fermion (HF) compounds CeRh1-xIrxIn5 via an In115 nuclear-quadrupole-resonance experiment. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1\\/T1 has revealed the marked development of AFM spin fluctuations as approaching an AFM ordered state. Concomitantly, the superconducting transition temperature Tc and the energy gap Delta0 increase drastically from Tc=0.4K

Shinji Kawasaki; Mitsuharu Yashima; Yoichi Mugino; Hidekazu Mukuda; Yoshio Kitaoka; Hiroaki Shishido; Yoshichika Onuki

2006-01-01

165

Analysis of oversulfation in a chondroitin sulfate oligosaccharide fraction from bovine aorta by nanoelectrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight and fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

A combination of negative ion nano-electrospray ionization Fourier-transform ion cyclotron resonance and quadrupole time-of-flight\\u000a mass spectrometry was applied to analysis of oversulfation in glycosaminoglycan oligosaccharides of the chondroitin sulfate\\u000a type from bovine aorta. Taking advantage of the high-resolution and high mass accuracy provided by the FT-ICR instrument,\\u000a a direct compositional assignment of all species present in the mixture can be

Michael Mormann; Alina D. Zamfir; Daniela G. Seidler; Hans Kresse; Jasna Peter-Katalinic?

2007-01-01

166

NUCLEAR SPIN RESONANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

I. Introduction 566 II. NSR energy levels and frequencies 568 1. Energy levels for resonating nuclei with spins 1 or 3\\/2 568 2. NSR energy levels for spin 5\\/2 571 III. Relative intensities of NSR lines 571 1. Relative intensities of Zeeman components in NQR 571 2. Generalized NSR equations 572 3. Relative intensities of NSR lines for spin 1

Vadim S Grechishkin; N. E. Ajnbinder

1964-01-01

167

Thermal hysteresis in 4,4' dichlorobenzophenone studied by 35Cl NQR  

Microsoft Academic Search

A pulsed NQR study of 4,4' dichlorobenzophenone has been performed to get information about dynamic features in its three crystalline phases. The authors found in phases I (T>190 K) and III (T<180 K) a normal thermal behaviour of the NQR frequency and spin-lattice relaxation time. In the intermediate phase II (180 KNQR parameters could

J. F. Schneider; A. E. Wolfenson; A. H. Brunetti

1992-01-01

168

Electric quadrupole contribution to resonant x-ray scattering: Application to multipole ordering phases in Ce1-xLaxB6  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the electric quadrupole (E2) contribution to resonant x-ray scattering (RXS). Under the assumption that the rotational invariance is preserved in the Hamiltonian describing the intermediate state of scattering, we derive a useful expression for the RXS amplitude. One of the advantages the derived expression possesses is the full information of the energy dependence, lacking in all the previous studies using the fast collision approximation. The expression is also helpful to classify the spectra into multipole order parameters which are brought about. The expression is suitable to investigate the RXS spectra in the localized f electron systems. We demonstrate the usefulness of the formula by calculating the RXS spectra at the CeL2,3 edges in Ce1-xLaxB6 on the basis of the formula. We obtain the spectra as a function of energy in agreement with the experiment of Ce0.7La0.3B6 . Analyzing the azimuthal angle dependence, we find the sixfold symmetry in the ?-?' channel and the threefold one in the ?-?' channel not only in the antiferro-octupole (AFO) ordering phase but also in the antiferroquadrupole (AFQ) ordering phase, which behavior depends strongly on the domain distribution. The sixfold symmetry in the AFQ phase arises from the simultaneously induced hexadecapole order. Although the AFO order is plausible for phase IV in Ce1-xLaxB6 , the possibility of the AFQ order may not be ruled out on the basis of azimuthal angle dependence alone.

Nagao, Tatsuya; Igarashi, Jun-Ichi

2006-09-01

169

Sensitive Detection of Nuclear Quadrupole Interactions in Solids  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pure nuclear quadrupole resonance of a low-abundance spin species in zero field is observed for molar concentrations as low as one part in 107 by the application of a nuclear-double-resonance method. The quadrupole resonance is measured in terms of a decrease in the magnetic order of abundant nuclei which are dipolar-coupled to the low-abundance nuclear species. The double-resonance process

R. E. Slusher; E. L. Hahn

1968-01-01

170

79 Br and 127 I nqr spectra in series of acetylene derivatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complete79Br and127I NQR spectra of a number of bromo and iodo derivatives of acetylene were studied for the first time, and the field constants of the NQR frequencies were determined. It was found that the asymmetry parameters in them are low. Changes in the field constants are determined by the competing conjugation of the iodine atom and the corresponding

G. K. Semin; S. A. Petukhov; S. I. Gushchin; I. R. Gol'ding; E. V. Bryukhova; A. M. Sladkov

1983-01-01

171

35 Cl, 79 Br, and 127 I NQR spectra of some halogen-containing organoselenium compounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.The35Cl,79Br, and127I NQR spectra of a number of halogen-containing organoselenium compounds were obtained.2.The35Cl NQR frequencies of compounds of type R1R2R3SeCl (Ri=Me, Ph, Cl) are linearly related to the induction constants of the substituentssi.

V. V. Saatsazov; T. L. Khotsyanova; N. N. Magdesieva; S. I. Kuznetsov; I. M. Alymov; R. A. Kyandzhetsian; E. V. Bryukhova

1974-01-01

172

Improving the sensitivity of a high-Tc SQUID at MHz frequency using a normal metal transformer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) can be used to detect the signals of nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR). The NQR frequencies of some interesting materials are in the order of MHz. However, the sensitivity of a high-Tc SQUID is normally not enough to detect the weak NQR signals. To improve the sensitivity of a high-Tc SQUID at MHz frequency, we used

D. F. He; H. Itozaki; M. Tachiki

2006-01-01

173

Molecular near-field antenna effect in resonance hyper-Raman scattering: intermolecular vibronic intensity borrowing of solvent from solute through dipole-dipole and dipole-quadrupole interactions.  

PubMed

We quantitatively interpret the recently discovered intriguing phenomenon related to resonance Hyper-Raman (HR) scattering. In resonance HR spectra of all-trans-?-carotene (?-carotene) in solution, vibrations of proximate solvent molecules are observed concomitantly with the solute ?-carotene HR bands. It has been shown that these solvent bands are subject to marked intensity enhancements by more than 5 orders of magnitude under the presence of ?-carotene. We have called this phenomenon the molecular-near field effect. Resonance HR spectra of ?-carotene in benzene, deuterated benzene, cyclohexane, and deuterated cyclohexane have been measured precisely for a quantitative analysis of this effect. The assignments of the observed peaks are made by referring to the infrared, Raman, and HR spectra of neat solvents. It has been revealed that infrared active and some Raman active vibrations are active in the HR molecular near-field effect. The observed spectra in the form of difference spectra (between benzene/deuterated benzene and cyclohexane/deuterated cyclohexane) are quantitatively analyzed on the basis of the extended vibronic theory of resonance HR scattering. The theory incorporates the coupling of excited electronic states of ?-carotene with the vibrations of a proximate solvent molecule through solute-solvent dipole-dipole and dipole-quadrupole interactions. It is shown that the infrared active modes arise from the dipole-dipole interaction, whereas Raman active modes from the dipole-quadrupole interaction. It is also shown that vibrations that give strongly polarized Raman bands are weak in the HR molecular near-field effect. The observed solvent HR spectra are simulated with the help of quantum chemical calculations for various orientations and distances of a solvent molecule with respect to the solute. The observed spectra are best simulated with random orientations of the solvent molecule at an intermolecular distance of 10犈. PMID:24880300

Shimada, Rintaro; Hamaguchi, Hiro-o

2014-05-28

174

Molecular near-field antenna effect in resonance hyper-Raman scattering: Intermolecular vibronic intensity borrowing of solvent from solute through dipole-dipole and dipole-quadrupole interactions  

SciTech Connect

We quantitatively interpret the recently discovered intriguing phenomenon related to resonance Hyper-Raman (HR) scattering. In resonance HR spectra of all-trans-?-carotene (?-carotene) in solution, vibrations of proximate solvent molecules are observed concomitantly with the solute ?-carotene HR bands. It has been shown that these solvent bands are subject to marked intensity enhancements by more than 5 orders of magnitude under the presence of ?-carotene. We have called this phenomenon the molecular-near field effect. Resonance HR spectra of ?-carotene in benzene, deuterated benzene, cyclohexane, and deuterated cyclohexane have been measured precisely for a quantitative analysis of this effect. The assignments of the observed peaks are made by referring to the infrared, Raman, and HR spectra of neat solvents. It has been revealed that infrared active and some Raman active vibrations are active in the HR molecular near-field effect. The observed spectra in the form of difference spectra (between benzene/deuterated benzene and cyclohexane/deuterated cyclohexane) are quantitatively analyzed on the basis of the extended vibronic theory of resonance HR scattering. The theory incorporates the coupling of excited electronic states of ?-carotene with the vibrations of a proximate solvent molecule through solute杝olvent dipole杁ipole and dipolequadrupole interactions. It is shown that the infrared active modes arise from the dipole杁ipole interaction, whereas Raman active modes from the dipolequadrupole interaction. It is also shown that vibrations that give strongly polarized Raman bands are weak in the HR molecular near-field effect. The observed solvent HR spectra are simulated with the help of quantum chemical calculations for various orientations and distances of a solvent molecule with respect to the solute. The observed spectra are best simulated with random orientations of the solvent molecule at an intermolecular distance of 10犈.

Shimada, Rintaro; Hamaguchi, Hiro-o, E-mail: hhama@nctu.edu.tw [Department of Applied Chemistry and Institute of Molecular Science, National Chiao Tung University, 1001 University Road, Hsinchu 30010, Taiwan (China)

2014-05-28

175

Temperature and baric dependence of nuclear quadruple resonance spectra in indium and gallium monoselenides  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pulsed radiospectroscopy method has been used to study nuclear quadruple resonance (NQR) spectra of 69Ga and 115In isotopes in the layered semiconductors GaSe and InSe. It has been found that in GaSe and InSe there is a considerable temperature dependence of NQR frequency which in the temperature range of 250 to 390 K is practically linear with conversion slope 1.54 kHz/degree for 69Ga and 2.35 kHz/degree for 115In. In the same crystals the effect of uniaxial pressure on NQR spectra applied along the optical axis ? up to the values of 500 kg/?m2 has been studied. A strong attenuation of NQR spectra intensity with increase in pressure on layered crystal package has been established. The unvaried multiplicity of resonance spectra indicates the absence of structural transformations in these layered crystals over the investigated range of temperatures and pressures.

Khandozhko, Victor; Raranskii, Nikolai; Balazjuk, Vitaly; Samila, Andriy; Kovalyuk, Zahar

2013-12-01

176

C N.M.R. and N N.Q.R. in ferroelectric liquid crystals Polar versus quadrupolar ordering  

Microsoft Academic Search

C nuclear magnetic resonance and N nuclear quadrupole resonance spectra of ferroelectric smectic C*liquid crystals and their non-chiral analogues allow for a microscopic determination of the polar and quadrupolar (or bipolar) biasing of rotation around the long molecular axis as well as for a determination of the anisotropy in the fluctuations of this axis. The results show that the microscopic

R. Blinc; J. Dolin歟k; M. Luzar; J. Seliger

1988-01-01

177

Isomorphism and disorder in o-chlorohalobenzenes studied by NQR.  

PubMed

In this work we present experimental results that allow to characterize different solid modifications found in o-chlorohalobenzenes. Three disordered phases have been found in o-chlorobromobenzene. The stable phase at high temperature (phase I) is also obtained by quenching the sample at 77 K. Slow cooling allow to obtain the low temperature phase III which, on heating, transforms to phase II at 183 K and this, in turns, transforms to phase I at T~210 K. The disorder evidenced through the Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance spectra, is attributed to a random occupation of chlorine and bromine sites. In all phases there is evidence of molecular reorientations out of the benzene ring plane around the pseudo-symmetry axis between the atoms of Cl and Br. In o-chlorofluorobenzene two phases have been found depending on the cooling rate. One phase is disordered due to the random exchange of the occupation of Cl and F sites. In this case, there is also evidence of molecular reorientations out of the benzene ring plane, but in this case the reorientation is around the pseudo-symmetry axis that pass through the C-Cl bonds. Comparisons with the behavior of o-dichlorobenzene are also made. PMID:24440588

P閞ez, Silvina C; Wolfenson, Alberto; Zuriaga, Mariano

2014-01-01

178

Field constants of 79 Br and 127 I NQR of halogen derivatives of carbon  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study has been made of the NQR frequency field constants for the chlorine, bromine, and iodine atoms. It has been shown that the degree to which the field constants are characteristic decreases in the series Cl-Br-I.

S. A. Petukhov; E. V. Bryukhova; G. K. Semin; A. A. Boguslavskii

1984-01-01

179

35 Cl, 79 Br, and 127 I NQR spectra of several polyhalophenols and their phenylmercury derivatives  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.The intramolecular contribution to the splitting of the NQR frequencies in the 2,6-dihalo-4-X-derivatives of phenol has been separated out. The strength of the intramolecular hydrogen bond is substantially dependent on the nature of the substituants in position 4. The splittings in the NQR spectra are reduced upon passing from electron-accepting substituents to electron-donating substituents.2.The intramolecular coordination interactions of mercury atoms

G. Ko Semin; E. V. Bryukhova; D. N. Kravtsov; L. S. Golovchenko

1982-01-01

180

Studies of Ga NMR and NQR in SrGa4  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In order to microscopically investigate the properties in SrGa4, the Ga NMR measurements of a powder sample were carried out. The Ga NMR spectra corresponding to Ga(I) and Ga(II) sites are obtained. The NMR spectra of 69&71Ga (a nuclear spin I = 3/2) in the powder sample of SrGa4 do not take a typical powder pattern caused by the NQR interaction, but take the spectra consisting of three well resolved resonance-lines, which indicates that the nonuniform distribution of crystal orientation in the powder sample occurs because of the magnetic anisotropy. From the analysis of the Ga NMR spectrum, it is found that the ab-plane of the crystal is parallel to the external magnetic field, which would be attributed to the anisotropy of the magnetic susceptibility with the easy axis parallel to the ab-plane. This result is also confirmed by the 69Ga NQR in SrGa4. The Knight shifts of the 69Ga(I) and 69Ga(II) shift slightly to the negative side with decreasing temperature due to the core polarization of the d-electrons. The values of the Knight shift of the 69Ga(I) and 69Ga(II) are 0.01 and -0.11 % at 4.2 K, and 0.09 and -0.08 % at 300 K, respectively. The values of the 1/ T 1 T of the NMR of both 69Ga(I) and 69Ga(II) are almost constant between 4.2 and 100 K, whose values are 1.5 s -1 K -1 at 69Ga(I) and 0.12 s -1 K -1 at 69Ga(II), while the 1/ T 1 T slightly increase above 100K with increasing temperature. The value of T 1 of 69Ga(I) is one order of magnitude less than that of 69Ga(II).

Niki, H.; Higa, N.; Nakamura, S.; Kuroshima, H.; Toji, T.; Yogi, M.; Nakamura, A.; Hedo, M.; Nakama, T.; ?nuki, Y.; Harima, H.

2014-11-01

181

Local magnetic and structural properties of the low-temperature orthorhombic to low-temperature tetragonal transition: A {sup 139}La NQR study in lightly hole-doped La{sub 1.8{minus}x}Eu{sub 0.2}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4}  

SciTech Connect

{sup 139}La nuclear quadrupole resistance (NQR) and relaxation measurements in lightly hole-doped La{sub 1.8{minus}x}Eu{sub 0.2}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} have been used to investigate the microscopic properties of the low-temperature orthorhombic to low-temperature tetragonal transition. The transition is characterized by a sharp peak in {sup 139}La NQR relaxation rate, indicating phonon softening. We find that the structural phase transition is accompanied by a modification of the spin state. The data for the spin freezing and the recovery of sublattice magnetization at low T are presented and discussed in relation to the studies of La{sub 2{minus}x}Sr{sub x}CuO{sub 4} and La{sub 2}Cu{sub 1{minus}x}Li{sub x}O{sub 4}. {copyright} {ital 1999} {ital The American Physical Society}

Suh, B.J.; Hammel, P.C. [Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)] [Condensed Matter and Thermal Physics, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Huecker, M.; Buechner, B. [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, D-50937 Koeln (Germany)] [II. Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet zu Koeln, D-50937 Koeln (Germany)

1999-02-01

182

Local magnetic and structural properties of the low-temperature orthorhombic to low-temperature tetragonal transition: A 139La NQR study in lightly hole-doped La1.8-xEu0.2SrxCuO4  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

139La nuclear quadrupole resistance (NQR) and relaxation measurements in lightly hole-doped La1.8-xEu0.2SrxCuO4 have been used to investigate the microscopic properties of the low-temperature orthorhombic to low-temperature tetragonal transition. The transition is characterized by a sharp peak in 139La NQR relaxation rate, indicating phonon softening. We find that the structural phase transition is accompanied by a modification of the spin state. The data for the spin freezing and the recovery of sublattice magnetization at low T are presented and discussed in relation to the studies of La2-xSrxCuO4 and La2Cu1-xLixO4.

Suh, B. J.; Hammel, P. C.; H點ker, M.; B點hner, B.

1999-02-01

183

87Rb and 85Rb NQR study of phase transitions in RbH3(SeO3)2 J. Seliger, V. 017Dagar, R. Blinc  

E-print Network

dependence of the quadrupole coupling constants and the asymmetry parameters on going into the ferroelectric SeO3. Nous avons confirm茅 l'existence d'une phase incommensurable interm茅diaire entre Tc et Tc + 4 K. Abstract. 2014 The temperature dependence of the nuclear quadrupole resonance spectra of 85Rb and 87Rb

Paris-Sud XI, Universit茅 de

184

Enhancing the Superconducting Transition Temperature of CeRh1-xIrxIn5 due to the Strong-Coupling Effects of Antiferromagnetic Spin Fluctuations: An In115 Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on systematic evolutions of antiferromagnetic (AFM) spin fluctuations and unconventional superconductivity (SC) in heavy-fermion (HF) compounds CeRh1-xIrxIn5 via an In115 nuclear-quadrupole-resonance experiment. The nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T1 has revealed the marked development of AFM spin fluctuations as approaching an AFM ordered state. Concomitantly, the superconducting transition temperature Tc and the energy gap ?0 increase drastically from Tc=0.4K and 2?0/kBTc=5 in CeIrIn5 up to Tc=1.2K and 2?0/kBTc=8.3 in CeRh0.3Ir0.7In5, respectively. The present work suggests that the AFM spin fluctuations in close proximity to the AFM quantum critical point are indeed responsible for the strong-coupling unconventional SC in HF compounds.

Kawasaki, Shinji; Yashima, Mitsuharu; Mugino, Yoichi; Mukuda, Hidekazu; Kitaoka, Yoshio; Shishido, Hiroaki; ?nuki, Yoshichika

2006-04-01

185

Reviews of Topical Problems: Nuclear Spin Resonance  

Microsoft Academic Search

I. Introduction 566 II. NSR energy levels and frequencies 568 1. Energy levels for resonating nuclei with spins 1 or 3\\/2 568 2. NSR energy levels for spin 5\\/2 571 III. Relative intensities of NSR lines 571 1. Relative intensities of Zeeman components in NQR 571 2. Generalized NSR equations 572 3. Relative intensities of NSR lines for spin 1

Vadim S. Grechishkin; N. E. Ainbinder

1964-01-01

186

Nature of isomerism of solid isothiourea salts, inhibitors of nitric oxide synthases, as studied by 1H-14N nuclear quadrupole double resonance, X-ray, and density functional theory/quantum theory of atoms in molecules.  

PubMed

Isothioureas, inhibitors of nitric oxide synthases, have been studied experimentally in solid state by nuclear quadrupole double resonance (NQDR) and X-ray methods and theoretically by the quantum theory of atoms in molecules/density functional theory. Resonance frequencies on (14)N have been detected and assigned to particular nitrogen sites in each molecule. The crystal packings of (S)-3,4-dichlorobenzyl-N-methylisothiouronium chloride with the disordered chlorine positions in benzene ring and (S)-butyloisothiouronium bromide have been resolved in X-ray diffraction studies. (14)N NQDR spectra have been found good indicators of isomer type and strength of intra- or intermolecular N-H贩稾 (X = Cl, Br) interactions. From among all salts studied, only for (S)-2,3,4,5,6-pentabromobenzylisothiouronium chloride are both nitrogen sites equivalent, which has been explained by the slow exchange. This unique structural feature can be a key factor in the high biological activity of (S)-2,3,4,5,6-pentabromobenzylisothiouronium salts. PMID:22283980

Latosi?ska, J N; Latosi?ska, M; Seliger, J; 巃gar, V; Maurin, J K; Kazimierczuk, Z

2012-02-01

187

The direct injection of intense ion beams from a high field electron cyclotron resonance ion source into a radio frequency quadrupole  

SciTech Connect

The ion current achievable from high intensity ECR sources for highly charged ions is limited by the high space charge. This makes classical extraction systems for the transport and subsequent matching to a radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator less efficient. The direct plasma injection (DPI) method developed originally for the laser ion source avoids these problems and uses the combined focusing of the gap between the ion source and the RFQ vanes (or rods) and the focusing of the rf fields from the RFQ penetrating into this gap. For high performance ECR sources that use superconducting solenoids, the stray magnetic field of the source in addition to the DPI scheme provides focusing against the space charge blow-up of the beam. A combined extraction/matching system has been designed for a high performance ECR ion source injecting into an RFQ, allowing a total beam current of 10 mA from the ion source for the production of highly charged {sup 238}U{sup 40+} (1.33 mA) to be injected at an ion source voltage of 60 kV. In this design, the features of IGUN have been used to take into account the rf-focusing of an RFQ channel (without modulation), the electrostatic field between ion source extraction and the RFQ vanes, the magnetic stray field of the ECR superconducting solenoid, and the defocusing space charge of an ion beam. The stray magnetic field is shown to be critical in the case of a matched beam.

Rodrigues, G., E-mail: gerosro@gmail.com; Kanjilal, D.; Roy, A. [Inter University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi (India)] [Inter University Accelerator Centre, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi (India); Becker, R. [Institut fur Angewandte Physik der Universitaet, D-60054 Frankfurt/M (Germany)] [Institut fur Angewandte Physik der Universitaet, D-60054 Frankfurt/M (Germany); Hamm, R. W. [R and M Technical Enterprises, Inc., 4725 Arlene Place, Pleasanton, California 94566 (United States)] [R and M Technical Enterprises, Inc., 4725 Arlene Place, Pleasanton, California 94566 (United States); Baskaran, R. [Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu (India)] [Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam, Tamilnadu (India)

2014-02-15

188

NMR/NQR and disorder effects in URu2Si2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NMR experiments at ambient pressure in URu2Si2 demonstrate a linewidth enhancement effect at the hidden order transition temperature (T0). We find that larger amounts of sample disorder appear to induce larger linewidth enhancement at T0. We will present recent NMR and NQR experiments in oriented powder and single crystal samples of URu2Si2 and discuss the measurements with emphasis on a possible connection between linewidth/disorder effects and hidden order. Both NQR and NMR spectra as functions of temperature and NMR for different magnetic field strengths and orientations will be reported.

Bernal, O. O.; Ishida, K.; Reyes, A. P.; Maclaughlin, D. E.; Lukefarh, H. G.; Mydosh, J. A.; Gortenmulder, T. J.; Amitsuka, H.

2005-03-01

189

Effect of substituents on the /sup 35/Cl NQR frequencies of atoms in conditions of hyperconjugation  

SciTech Connect

The authors studied the mechanisms of the change in the NOR spectra in a series of alpha-chloro-substituted dialkyl ethers, organonitrogen compounds, and benzyl and benzylidene chlorides. The NQR spectra were made on a pulsed IS-3 spectrometer at a temperature of 77 degrees K. There are n-o and ..pi..-o interactions which decrease the Cl 35 and Br 79 NQR frequencies in the series of alpha-chloro ethers, alpha-chloroalkylamides, and benzyl halides. The introduction of a geminal halogen atom (dichloromethyl ethers, benzylidene halides) decreases the effect of hyperconjugation.

Arbuzov, B.A.; Andreeva, A.I.; Bredikhin, A.A.; Safin, I.A.; Vereshchagin, A.N.

1985-12-10

190

RF Quadrupole Beam Dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method has been developed to analyze the beam dynamics of the radio frequency quadrupole accelerating structure. Calculations show that this structure can accept a dc beam at low velocity, bunch it with high capture efficiency, and accelerate it to a velocity suitable for injection into a drift tube linac.

R. H. Stokes; K. R. Crandall; J. E. Stovall; D. A. Swenson

1979-01-01

191

RF quadrupole beam dynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

A method was developed to analyze the beam dynamics of the radiofrequency quadrupole accelerating structure. Calculations show that this structure can accept a dc beam at low velocity, bunch it with high capture efficiency, and accelerate it to a velocity suitable for injection into a drift tube linac.

R. H. Stokes; K. R. Crandall; J. E. Stovall; D. A. Swenson

1979-01-01

192

NQR-NMR studies of higher alcohol synthesis Cu-Co catalysts  

SciTech Connect

Copper and cobalt are the key elements in syngas conversion catalyst systems used for higher alcohol synthesis. Their proximity and synergy sensitively control the selectivity and efficiency of the process. It is believed that their outer electronic charge distribution which is responsible for their electrical and magnetic properties might be governing their catalytic properties also. To examine the correlation between catalytic and magnetic properties, a series of copper cobalt catalysts (Co/Cu ratio 5:1 to 5:5) with and without a support were prepared. The nuclear quadrupole resonance spectrum of copper and (zero-field) nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum of cobalt and magnetization and hysteresis character of the catalyst were analyzed. Similar to the catalytic results, the magnetic results also were found to be very sensitive to the preparation technique. The results indicate possible electron exchange between copper and cobalt, and cobalt and the support Titania.

Not Available

1991-01-14

193

Pulsed Fourier-transform NQR of sup 14 N with a dc SQUID  

SciTech Connect

The zero-field free induction decay of solid ammonium perchlorate at 1.5 K has been directly detected with a dc superconducting quantum interference device. The Fourier-transform spectrum consists of three sharp lines at 17.4, 38.8, and 56.2 kHz arising from pure {sup 14}N nuclear quadrupole resonance transitions. The absence of splittings and resonance transitions from dipolar-coupled proton spins is attributed to reorientation of the ammonium groups by quantum tunneling in combination with motional averaging in the three proton levels characterized by the irreducible representation {ital T}. The measured {sup 14}N spin-spin relaxation time is 22{plus minus}2 ms and the spin-lattice relaxation time is 63{plus minus}6 ms.

Huerlimann, M.D.; Pennington, C.H.; Fan, N.Q.; Clarke, J.; Pines, A.; Hahn, E.L. (Department of Physics, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States) Materials Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States))

1992-07-27

194

The conformational changes induced by ubiquinone binding in the Na+-pumping NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Na+-NQR) are kinetically controlled by conserved glycines 140 and 141 of the NqrB subunit.  

PubMed

Na(+)-pumping NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Na(+)-NQR) is responsible for maintaining a sodium gradient across the inner bacterial membrane. This respiratory enzyme, which couples sodium pumping to the electron transfer between NADH and ubiquinone, is not present in eukaryotes and as such could be a target for antibiotics. In this paper it is shown that the site of ubiquinone reduction is conformationally coupled to the NqrB subunit, which also hosts the final cofactor in the electron transport chain, riboflavin. Previous work showed that mutations in conserved NqrB glycine residues 140 and 141 affect ubiquinone reduction and the proper functioning of the sodium pump. Surprisingly, these mutants did not affect the dissociation constant of ubiquinone or its analog HQNO (2-n-heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline N-oxide) from Na(+)-NQR, which indicates that these residues do not participate directly in the ubiquinone binding site but probably control its accessibility. Indeed, redox-induced difference spectroscopy showed that these mutations prevented the conformational change involved in ubiquinone binding but did not modify the signals corresponding to bound ubiquinone. Moreover, data are presented that demonstrate the NqrA subunit is able to bind ubiquinone but with a low non-catalytically relevant affinity. It is also suggested that Na(+)-NQR contains a single catalytic ubiquinone binding site and a second site that can bind ubiquinone but is not active. PMID:25006248

Strickland, Madeleine; Ju醨ez, Oscar; Neehaul, Yashvin; Cook, Darcie A; Barquera, Blanca; Hellwig, Petra

2014-08-22

195

35 Cl, 79 Br, and 127 I NQR spectra and crystallographic parameters of some halomethylated phosphine oxides  

Microsoft Academic Search

1.The35Cl,79Br, and127I NQR spectra and the crystallographic parameters of a number of halomethylated phosphine oxides were measured.2.A structural nonequivalence of the bromine atoms was detected in (CH2Br)3PO.3.Phase transitions, with a change in the multipleticity of the NQR spectra, were recorded in (CH2Cl)3PO and (CH2I)3PO in the range 77296癒.

V. V. Saatsazov; T. L. Khotsyanova; S. I. Kuznetsov

1975-01-01

196

Pure Nuclear Quadrupole Spectra of Chlorine and Antimony Isotopes in Solids  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental measurements on nuclear quadrupole resonances of chlorine and antimony isotopes in solids have been made to an accuracy of about 0.001 percent. The results are compared in detail with theoretical results for (1) nuclear quadrupole interaction, (2) interaction between quadrupole coupling and thermal vibrations, and (3) effects of a nuclear hexadecapole. The ratio (eQq)Cl35(eQq)Cl37 varies between 1.268736 and 1.268973

Tien-Chuan Wang

1955-01-01

197

Identification of 20(S)-protopanaxatriol metabolites in rats by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.  

PubMed

20(S)-Protopanaxatriol (PPT), one of the aglycones of ginsenosides, has been shown to exert cardioprotective effects against myocardial ischemic injury. However, studies on PPT metabolism have rarely been reported. This study is the first to investigate the in vivo metabolism of PPT following oral administration by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q/TOF-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The structures of the metabolites were identified based on the characteristics of their MS data, MS(2) data, and chromatographic retention times. A total of 22 metabolites, including 17 phase I and 5 phase II metabolites, were found and tentatively identified by comparing their mass spectrometry profiles with those of PPT. Two new monooxygenation metabolites, (20S,24S)-epoxy-dammarane-3,6,12,25-tetraol and (20S,24R)-epoxy-dammarane-3,6,12,25-tetraol, were chemicallly synthesized and unambiguously characterized according to the NMR spectroscopic data. The metabolic pathways of PPT were proposed accordingly for the first time. Results revealed that oxidation of (1) double bonds at ?((24,25)) to form 24,25-epoxides, followed by rearrangement to yield 20,24-oxide forms; and (2) vinyl-methyl at C-26/27 to form corresponding carboxylic acid were the predominant metabolic pathways. Phase II metabolic pathways were proven for the first time to consist of glucuronidation and cysteine conjugation. This study provides valuable and new information on the metabolism of PPT, which is indispensable for understanding the safety and efficacy of PPT, as well as its corresponding ginsenosides. PMID:24184656

He, Chunyong; Zhou, Dandan; Li, Jia; Han, Han; Ji, Guang; Yang, Li; Wang, Zhengtao

2014-01-01

198

Stabilized radio frequency quadrupole  

DOEpatents

Disclosed is a long-vane stabilized radio frequency resonator for accelerating charged particles and including means defining a radio frequency resonator cavity, a plurality of long vanes mounted in the defining means for dividing the cavity into sections, and means interconnecting opposing ones of the plurality of vanes for stabilizing the resonator. 5 figs.

Lancaster, H.D.; Fugitt, J.A.; Howard, D.R.

1984-12-25

199

Stabilized radio frequency quadrupole  

DOEpatents

A long-vane stabilized radio frequency resonator for accelerating charged particles and including means defining a radio frequency resonator cavity, a plurality of long vanes mounted in the defining means for dividing the cavity into sections, and means interconnecting opposing ones of the plurality of vanes for stabilizing the resonator.

Lancaster, Henry D. (Orinda, CA); Fugitt, Jock A. (Berkeley, CA); Howard, Donald R. (Danville, CA)

1984-01-01

200

Resonance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

For advanced undergraduate students: Observe resonance in a collection of driven, damped harmonic oscillators. Vary the driving frequency and amplitude, the damping constant, and the mass and spring constant of each resonator. Notice the long-lived transients when damping is small, and observe the phase change for resonators above and below resonance.

Simulations, Phet I.; Dubson, Michael; Loeblein, Patricia; Olson, Jonathan; Perkins, Kathy; Gratny, Mindy

2011-07-20

201

NMR and NQR studies of the heavy fermion superconductors CeTIn5 (T=Co and Ir)  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have carried out 115In and 59Co nuclear quadrupole resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance measurements on CeCoIn5 and CeIrIn5. The temperature T dependence of the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1\\/T1 of 115In in the normal state indicates that CeCoIn5 is located just at an antiferromagnetic instability, and CeIrIn5 is in the nearly antiferromagnetic region. In the superconducting state, 1\\/T1 has

Y. Kohori; Y. Yamato; Y. Iwamoto; T. Kohara; E. D. Bauer; M. B. Maple; J. L. Sarrao

2001-01-01

202

Hybrid quadrupole excitons and polaritons in cuprous oxide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this thesis I consider novel type of materials such as hybrid organic/inorganic heteoro-structures and polystyrene micro-spheres/inorganic composites. The organic/inorganic compound is presented by DCM2:CA:PS/cuprous oxide material. Using "solid state solvent" mechanism I propose to bring the Frenkel exciton (FE) of the DCM2 into resonance with 1S quadrupole Wanier-Mott exciton (WE) in cuprous oxide. This two types of the excitons form new type of quadrupole-dipole hybrid exciton. This hybrid is characterized by long lifetime and big oscillator strength inherited from the organic FE. In the part I of the thesis I investigate the enhancement of the quadrupole properties generic to cuprous oxide exciton by means of such resonant hybridization. I consider enhancement of photo-thermal bi-stability and second harmonic generation. The second part is devoted to the problems of light-matter interaction in cuprous oxide crystals such as weak interaction with LA phonons and whispering gallery modes (WGM) in adjacent layer of polystyrene micro-spheres. While the first effect is likely to impeded BEC of the polaritons, the second mechanism provides necessary temporal coherence. It is possible by trapping the light part of the polariton into resonant WGM through big gradient of the evanescent tail which provides big lifetime of such evanescent polariton. Due to big gradient of the evanescent field it couples "naturally" to the quadrupole WE in cuprous oxide.

Roslyak, Oleksiy

203

Particle Orbits in Quadrupole-Duodecapole Halo Suppressor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dynamics of continuous space-charged-dominated beam propagating through a periodic quadrupole-duodecapole focusing channel is studied both numerically and analytically using test-particle-core model and Particle-In-Cell (PIC) simulation code TOPOPIC. The results of TOPOPIC indicate that with initially matched beam, utilization of quadrupole-duodecapole channel results in less beam emittance growth and fewer halo particles than that in a pure quadrupole channel. The Poincare section of plot obtained from the test-particle-core model is used to systematically determine the beam intensity dependent resonant dominated behavior of the test-particles, which reveals the mechanism of the halo suppression in quadrupole-duodecapole channel. Results of study show that, for appropriate field strength, the nonlinear duodecapole force removes the resonant structures due to space charge. Motions of particles, originally trapped in the nonlinear resonant island or chaos region related to space charge, turn out to be along regular tori and these particles have less probability to get into beam halos.

Li, Chao; Xin, Qi; Yuan, He; Lei, Yang; Batygin, Y. K.

2015-01-01

204

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Author's preface; 1. Introduction; 2. Basic theory; 3. Experimental methods; 4. Measurement of nuclear properties and general physical applications; 5. Nuclear magnetic resonance in liquids and gases; 6. Nuclear magnetic resonance in non-metallic solids; 7. Nuclear magnetic resonance in metals; 8. Quadrupole effects; Appendices 1-6; Glossary of symbols; Bibliography and author index; Subject index.

Andrew, E. R.

2009-06-01

205

Effect of the oxygen protonation on the electronic structure of urea in the solid state: A 14N NQR study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 14N NQR frequencies of urea complexes with H2O2 (1:1), NH4Cl (1:1), oxalic (2:1), phosphoric (1:1), and nitric acid (1:1) at 77 癒 are reported. The analysis of the NQR data indicates that the population of the N nonbonding orbital decreases and that the population of the s N-H and N-C bonds increases as the degree of protonation of the O atom of urea increases. These changes are consistent with a larger weight of structures like C = N+H2 as the protonation increases. The NQR results are in agreement with those obtained from a CNDO/2 calculation for the uronioum ion [Yu. A. Panteleev and A. A. Lipovskii, Zhu. Struk. Khim. 17, 2 (1976)].

Murgich, Juan; Santana R., Magaly

1981-04-01

206

Enhanced quadrupole effects for atoms in optical vortices.  

PubMed

We show that the normally weak optical quadrupole interaction in atoms is enhanced significantly when the atom interacts at near resonance with an optical vortex. In particular, the forces and torque acting on the atom are shown here to scale up with the square of the winding number l of the vortex. Because the integer l can be arranged to be large, this property allows for processes involving dipole-forbidden, but quadrupole-allowed, transitions in atoms, such as cesium and oxygen, to come into play. We show that the mechanical effects of vortex light on atoms involving translational and rotational motion as well as trapping should be significantly enhanced for quadrupole transitions and present novel features with useful implications for the emerging field of atomtronics. PMID:23473140

Lembessis, V E; Babiker, M

2013-02-22

207

Resonance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

All About Circuits is a website that ??provides a series of online textbooks covering electricity and electronics.? Written by Tony R. Kuphaldt, the textbooks available here are wonderful resources for students, teachers, and anyone who is interested in learning more about electronics. This specific section, Resonance, is the sixth chapter in the Volume II textbook. Topics covered in this chapter include: electric pendulum, simple parallel resonance, simple series resonance, resonance in series-parallel circuits, and Q and bandwidth of a resonant circuit. Diagrams and detailed descriptions of concepts are included throughout the chapter to provide users with a comprehensive lesson. Visitors to the site are also encouraged to discuss concepts and topics using the All About Circuits discussion forums (registration with the site is required to post materials).

Kuphaldt, Tony R.

208

Inhibition of the sodium-translocating NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase [Na+-NQR] decreases cholera toxin production in Vibrio cholerae O1 at the late exponential growth phase.  

PubMed

Two virulence factors produced by Vibrio cholerae, cholera toxin (CT) and toxin-corregulated pilus (TCP), are indispensable for cholera infection. ToxT is the central regulatory protein involved in activation of CT燼nd TCP expression. We previously reported that lack of a respiration-linked sodium-translocating NADH-ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Na(+)-NQR) significantly increases toxT transcription. In this study, we further characterized this link and found that Na(+)-NQR affects toxT expression only at the early-log growth phase, whereas lack of Na(+)-NQR decreases CT production after the mid-log growth phase. Such decreased CT production was independent of toxT and ctxB transcription. Supplementing a respiratory substrate, l-lactate, into the growth media restored CT production in the nqrA-F mutant, suggesting that decreased CT production in the Na(+)-NQR mutant is dependent on electron transport chain (ETC) activity. This notion was supported by the observations that two chemical inhibitors, a Na(+)-NQR specific inhibitor 2-n-Heptyl-4-hydroxyquinoline N-oxide (HQNO) and a succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) inhibitor, thenoyltrifluoroacetone (TTFA), strongly inhibited CT production in both classical and El Tor biotype strains of V.燾holerae. Accordingly, we propose the main respiratory enzyme of V.燾holerae, as a potential drug target to treat cholera because human mitochondria do not contain Na(+)-NQR orthologs. PMID:24361395

Minato, Yusuke; Fassio, Sara R; Reddekopp, Rylan L; H鋝e, Claudia C

2014-01-01

209

Selective excitation of single and multiple quantum transitions for spin 7/2 in NQR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dynamics of spin 7/2 in pure NQR is considered. The orientation of the applied RF field is assumed arbitrary and ? ? 0. For this situation various selective pulses are considered and analytical results obtained. Shaped pulses are also treated. A key feature of this work is to construct the interaction representation from which an analytical calculation, using the computer program 'Maple', can be obtained in a tractable form. The results presented are general for all half integer spins of magnitude higher than 1/2.

Ageev, S. Z.; Sanctuary, B. C.

210

Roles of the Sodium-Translocating NADH:Quinone Oxidoreductase (Na+-NQR) on Vibrio cholerae Metabolism, Motility and Osmotic Stress Resistance  

PubMed Central

The Na+ translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase (Na+-NQR) is a unique respiratory enzyme catalyzing the electron transfer from NADH to quinone coupled with the translocation of sodium ions across the membrane. Typically, Vibrio spp., including Vibrio cholerae, have this enzyme but lack the proton-pumping NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Complex I). Thus, Na+-NQR should significantly contribute to multiple aspects of V. cholerae physiology; however, no detailed characterization of this aspect has been reported so far. In this study, we broadly investigated the effects of loss of Na+-NQR on V. cholerae physiology by using Phenotype Microarray (Biolog), transcriptome and metabolomics analyses. We found that the V. cholerae ?nqrA-F mutant showed multiple defects in metabolism detected by Phenotype Microarray. Transcriptome analysis revealed that the V. cholerae ?nqrA-F mutant up-regulates 31 genes and down-regulates 55 genes in both early and mid-growth phases. The most up-regulated genes included the cadA and cadB genes, encoding a lysine decarboxylase and a lysine/cadaverine antiporter, respectively. Increased CadAB activity was further suggested by the metabolomics analysis. The down-regulated genes include sialic acid catabolism genes. Metabolomic analysis also suggested increased reductive pathway of TCA cycle and decreased purine metabolism in the V. cholerae ?nqrA-F mutant. Lack of Na+-NQR did not affect any of the Na+ pumping-related phenotypes of V. cholerae suggesting that other secondary Na+ pump(s) can compensate for Na+ pumping activity of Na+-NQR. Overall, our study provides important insights into the contribution of Na+-NQR to V. cholerae physiology. PMID:24811312

Minato, Yusuke; Halang, Petra; Quinn, Matthew J.; Faulkner, Wyatt J.; Aagesen, Alisha M.; Steuber, Julia; Stevens, Jan F.; H鋝e, Claudia C.

2014-01-01

211

Roles of the sodium-translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase (Na+-NQR) on vibrio cholerae metabolism, motility and osmotic stress resistance.  

PubMed

The Na+ translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase (Na+-NQR) is a unique respiratory enzyme catalyzing the electron transfer from NADH to quinone coupled with the translocation of sodium ions across the membrane. Typically, Vibrio spp., including Vibrio cholerae, have this enzyme but lack the proton-pumping NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Complex I). Thus, Na+-NQR should significantly contribute to multiple aspects of V. cholerae physiology; however, no detailed characterization of this aspect has been reported so far. In this study, we broadly investigated the effects of loss of Na+-NQR on V. cholerae physiology by using Phenotype Microarray (Biolog), transcriptome and metabolomics analyses. We found that the V. cholerae ?nqrA-F mutant showed multiple defects in metabolism detected by Phenotype Microarray. Transcriptome analysis revealed that the V. cholerae ?nqrA-F mutant up-regulates 31 genes and down-regulates 55 genes in both early and mid-growth phases. The most up-regulated genes included the cadA and cadB genes, encoding a lysine decarboxylase and a lysine/cadaverine antiporter, respectively. Increased CadAB activity was further suggested by the metabolomics analysis. The down-regulated genes include sialic acid catabolism genes. Metabolomic analysis also suggested increased reductive pathway of TCA cycle and decreased purine metabolism in the V. cholerae ?nqrA-F mutant. Lack of Na+-NQR did not affect any of the Na+ pumping-related phenotypes of V. cholerae suggesting that other secondary Na+ pump(s) can compensate for Na+ pumping activity of Na+-NQR. Overall, our study provides important insights into the contribution of Na+-NQR to V. cholerae physiology. PMID:24811312

Minato, Yusuke; Fassio, Sara R; Kirkwood, Jay S; Halang, Petra; Quinn, Matthew J; Faulkner, Wyatt J; Aagesen, Alisha M; Steuber, Julia; Stevens, Jan F; H鋝e, Claudia C

2014-01-01

212

Effects of nonsinusoidal character of atomic modulation on NQR spin-lattice relaxation time of incommensurate phases  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present work is an extention of the theoretical calculation developed by Blinc to explain the temperature and frequency dependence of the spin-lattice relaxation time in incommensurate phases. We have evaluated the influence of the nonsinusoidal character of the atomic modulation, in the linear approximation, over the NQR spectra and over the spin-lattice relaxation due to direct and Raman processes.

Silvina C. P閞ez; Clemar Schurrer; Alberto Wolfenson

2001-01-01

213

Combined Panofsky Quadrupole & Corrector Dipole  

SciTech Connect

Two styles of Panofsky Quadrupoles with integral corrector dipole windings are in use in the electron beam line of the Free Electron Laser at Jefferson Lab. We combined steering and focusing functions into single magnets, adding hundreds of Gauss-cm dipole corrector capability to existing quadrupoles because space is at a premium along the beam line. Superposing a one part in 100 dipole corrector field on a 1 part in 1000, weak (600 to 1000 Gauss) quadrupole is possible because the parallel slab iron yoke of the Panofsky Quadrupole acts as a window frame style dipole yoke. The dipole field is formed when two electrically floating 揷urrent sources, designed and made at JLab, add and subtract current from the two opposite quadrupole current sheet windings parallel to the dipole field direction. The current sources also drive auxiliary coils at the yoke抯 inner corners that improve the dipole field. Magnet measurements yielded the control system field maps that characterize the two types of fields. Field analysis using TOSCA, construction and wiring details, magnet measurements and reference for the current source are presented.

George Biallas; Nathan Belcher; David Douglas; Tommy Hiatt; Kevin Jordan

2007-07-02

214

Ru-NQR Study for Novel Phase Transition in CeRu2Al10  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have performed Ru-NQR measurements on CeRu2Al10 exhibiting novel phase transition at an abnormally high temperature T0 = 27.3 K and on NdRu2Al10 with a magnetic transition temperature Tm = 2.4 K as a reference RKKY system. The splitting of the NQR line due to internal fields below T0 shows a mean-field-like monotonic increase, indicating no change in the magnetic structure below T0. The internal field strength is one order larger than those at Al sites in CeRu2Al10, and is comparable to that at the Ru site in NdRu2Al10 despite the sevenfold smaller magnitude of the 4f moment, being indicative of an enhanced conduction electron polarization at the Ru site. One of the causes of the high T0 might be the enhanced exchange coupling through the Ce朢u朇e path mediated by the enhanced conduction electron polarization. Being similar to that in the Al site, the nuclear spin杔attice relaxation rate 1/T1 shows a gap-like decrease below T0 without enhancement owing to a critical slowing down at T0, in contrast to the mean field 2nd-order transition.

Matsumura, Masahiro; Tomita, Naoya; Matsuoka, Junichirou; Kishimoto, Yasuki; Kato, Harukazu; Kitagawa, Kentaro; Nishioka, Takashi; Tanida, Hiroshi; Sera, Masafumi

2014-10-01

215

HANLE EFFECT FOR STELLAR DIPOLES AND QUADRUPOLES  

SciTech Connect

We derive exact expressions for the degree of lineal polarization over a resolved or integrated stellar disc due to resonance scattering and the Hanle effect from a dipolar or quadrupolar distribution of magnetic fields. We apply the theory of scattering polarization within the formalism of the spherical tensors representation for the density matrix and radiation field. The distribution of linear polarization over the stellar disk for different configurations of the magnetic field is studied and its topology discussed. For an unresolved dipole, the resulting polarization can be expressed in terms of just three functions (of the inclination angle and effective dipole strength) that are calculated numerically and their behavior discussed. Dipolar and (aligned) quadrupoles are considered in some detail, but the techniques here-in particular, the extensive use of the spherical tensor formalism for polarization-can easily be applied to more general field configurations.

Manso Sainz, R.; Gonzalez, M. J. Martinez [Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, Via Lactea s/n, E-38205 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

2012-11-20

216

A Mutation in Na(+)-NQR Uncouples Electron Flow from Na(+) Translocation in the Presence of K(+).  

PubMed

The sodium-pumping NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (Na(+)-NQR) is a bacterial respiratory enzyme that obtains energy from the redox reaction between NADH and ubiquinone and uses this energy to create an electrochemical Na(+) gradient across the cell membrane. A number of acidic residues in transmembrane helices have been shown to be important for Na(+) translocation. One of these, Asp-397 in the NqrB subunit, is a key residue for Na(+) uptake and binding. In this study, we show that when this residue is replaced with asparagine, the enzyme acquires a new sensitivity to K(+); in the mutant, K(+) both activates the redox reaction and uncouples it from the ion translocation reaction. In the wild-type enzyme, Na(+) (or Li(+)) accelerates turnover while K(+) alone does not activate. In the NqrB-D397N mutant, K(+) accelerates the same internal electron transfer step (2Fe-2S ? FMNC) that is accelerated by Na(+). This is the same step that is inhibited in mutants in which Na(+) uptake is blocked. NqrB-D397N is able to translocate Na(+) and Li(+), but when K(+) is introduced, no ion translocation is observed, regardless of whether Na(+) or Li(+) is present. Thus, this mutant, when it turns over in the presence of K(+), is the first, and currently the only, example of an uncoupled Na(+)-NQR. The fact the redox reaction and ion pumping become decoupled from each other only in the presence of K(+) provides a switch that promises to be a useful experimental tool. PMID:25486106

Shea, Michael E; Mezic, Katherine G; Ju醨ez, Oscar; Barquera, Blanca

2015-01-20

217

Hybridization-driven gap in U3Bi4Ni3: a 209Bi NMR/NQR study  

SciTech Connect

We report {sup 209}Bi nuclear-magnetic-resonance and nuclear-quadrupole-resonance measurements on a single crystal of the Kondo insulator U{sub 3}Bi{sub 4}Ni{sub 3}. The {sup 209}Bi nuclear-spin-lattice relaxation rate (T{sub 1}{sup -1}) shows activated behavior and is well fit by a spin gap of 220 K. The {sup 209}Bi Knight shift (K) exhibits a strong temperature dependence arising from 5f electrons, in which K is negative at high temperatures and increases as the temperature is lowered. Below 50 K, K shows a broad maximum and decreases slightly upon further cooling. Our data provide insight into the evolution of the hyperfine fields in a fully gapped Kondo insulator based on 5f electron hybridization.

Baek, Seung H [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2009-01-01

218

Effective quadrupole-quadrupole interaction from density functional theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The density functional theory of nuclear structure provides a many-particle wave function that is useful for static properties, but an extension of the theory is necessary to describe correlation effects or other dynamic properties. We propose a procedure to extend the theory by mapping the properties of a self-consistent mean-field theory onto an effective shell-model Hamiltonian with quadrupole-quadrupole interaction. In this initial study, we consider the sd-shell nuclei Ne20, Mg24, Si28, and Ar36. The method is first tested with the USD shell-model Hamiltonian, using its mean-field approximation to construct an effective Hamiltonian and partially recover correlation effects. We find that more than half of the correlation energy is due to the quadrupole interaction. We then follow a similar procedure but using the SLy4 Skyrme energy functional as our starting point and truncating the space to the spherical sd shell. The constructed shell-model Hamiltonian is found to satisfy minimal consistency requirements to reproduce the properties of the mean-field solution. The quadrupolar correlation energies computed with the mapped Hamiltonian are reasonable compared with those computed by other methods. The method also provides a well-defined renormalization of the quadrupole operator in the shell-model space, the 揺ffective charge of the phenomenological shell model.

Alhassid, Y.; Bertsch, G. F.; Fang, L.; Sabbey, B.

2006-09-01

219

As75 and Cs133 Quadrupole Interactions in Ferroelectric CsH2AsO4  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quadrupole coupling parameters of As75 and Cs133 have been studied in a single crystal of CsH2AsO4 (ferroelectric Curie point Tc{=}143癒). As75 resonance could not be observed below 153癒. The temperature coefficient of As75 quadrupole coupling constant exhibits an anomalous behaviour. Cs133 resonance was seen in the ferroelectric phase also. The average of the two EFG tensors corresponding to the two

L. C. Gupta

1969-01-01

220

Chapter 11. The Electrostatic Quadrupoles  

E-print Network

will be fabricated in modules each 13 ffi in azimuth, approximately 1:6 m in length. One tank will be filled with 2 tanks will share unequally 1=4 of the total electrostatic quadrupoles. The four fold symmetry tank leaving the transition piece (bellows) free. Every tank will be an independent unit, i

Brookhaven National Laboratory - Experiment 821

221

LCLS Undulator Quadrupole Fiducialization Plan  

SciTech Connect

This note presents the fiducialization plan for the LCLS undulator quadrupoles. The note begins by summarizing the requirements for the fiducialization. A discussion of the measurement equipment is presented, followed by the methods used to perform the fiducialization and check the results. This is followed by the detailed fiducialization plan in which each step is enumerated. Finally, the measurement results and data storage formats are presented. The LCLS is made up of 33 assemblies consisting of an undulator, quadrupole, beam finder wire, and other components mounted on a girder. The components must be mounted in such a way that the beam passes down the axis of each component. In this note, we describe how the ideal beam axis is related to tooling balls on the quadrupole. This step, called fiducialization, is necessary because the ideal beam axis is determined magnetically, whereas tangible objects must be used to locate the quadrupole. The note begins with the list of fiducialization requirements. The laboratory in which the work will be performed and the relevant equipment is then briefly described. This is followed by a discussion of the methods used to perform the fiducialization and the methods used to check the results. A detailed fiducialization plan is presented in which all the steps of fiducialization are enumerated. A discussion of the resulting data files and directory structure concludes the note.

Wolf, Zachary; Levashov, Michael; Lundahl, Eric; Reese, Ed; LeCocq, Catherine; Ruland, Robert; /SLAC; ,

2010-11-24

222

Calculation of Nuclear Quadrupole Effects in Molecules  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods are given for the computation of nuclear quadrupole interactions in molecules. They apply primarily to the interpretation of microwave spectra of linear and symmetric top molecules in which either one or two nuclei on the molecular axis show quadrupole coupling to the molecular field. Tables are given of the energy values, based on Casimir's formula, for the quadrupole coupling

J. Bardeen; C. H. Townes

1948-01-01

223

Conformational isomerism of methyl dichloroacetate. An infrared, Raman and 35Cl NQR study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The IR and Raman spectra of methyl dichloroacetate (M-DCA) have been recorded on the liquid, glassy and crystalline states. The vibrational assignment for M-DCA is proposed on the basis of the spectral comparisons between CCl nH 3? n COOCH 3 and CCl nH 5? n CONHCH 5 ( n = 0-3) in the solid state. The observed spectral data indicate that M-DCA exists as a conformational equilibrium in the liquid and in the glassy state and that the conformation in the crystalline state is entirely different from those in the liquid and glassy states. The 35Cl NQR spectrum suggests that the conformation of M-DCA in the crystalline state is the cis form in which one of the two chlorine atoms is located in the cis position with respect to the carbonyl group. Examination of vibrational spectra also leads to the same conclusion.

Mido, Yoshiyuki; Hashimoto, Masao

1985-10-01

224

Commissioning of helium injector for coupled radio frequency quadrupole and separated function radio frequency quadrupole accelerator.  

PubMed

A project to study a new type of acceleration structure has been launched at Peking University, in which a traditional radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) and a separated function radio frequency quadrupole are coupled in one cavity to accelerate the He+ beam. A helium injector for this project is developed. The injector consists of a 2.45 GHz permanent magnet electron cyclotron resonance ion source and a 1.16 m long low energy beam transport (LEBT). The commissioning of this injector was carried out and an onsite test was held in June 2013. A 14 mA He+ beam with the energy of 30 keV has been delivered to the end of the LEBT, where a diaphragm with the diameter of 7 mm is located. The position of the diaphragm corresponds to the entrance of the RFQ electrodes. The beam emittance and fraction were measured after the 7 mm diaphragm. Its rms emittance is about 0.14 ??mm?mrad and the fraction of He+ is about 99%. PMID:24593446

Peng, Shixiang; Chen, Jia; Ren, Haitao; Zhao, Jie; Xu, Yuan; Zhang, Tao; Zhang, Ailing; Xia, Wenlong; Gao, Shuli; Wang, Zhi; Luo, Yuting; Guo, Zhiyu; Chen, Jia'er

2014-02-01

225

Sign-Selected Quadrupole Train  

SciTech Connect

The design of the Sign-Selected Quadrupole Train for E-815 (NuTeV) is set forth. The relevant physics requirements are explained. The optics of the beam are presented, along with an explanation of the proton dumping scheme. A discussion of rates and backgrounds follows, with special care given to backgrounds from scraping and obstructions. The relevant tolerances for beam construction are given and justified by simulations of the beamline. This leads to a discussion of the beam monitoring.

Bernstein, R.; NuTeV Collaboration

1994-05-03

226

The magnetic and quadrupole moment of oriented nuclei measured with the {beta}-LMR-NMR  

SciTech Connect

By combining two well established methods, the {beta}-level mixing resonance ({beta}-LMR) and the {beta}-nuclear magnetic resonance ({beta}-NMR), it is possible to determine the magnetic moment and the quadrupole moment of nuclei with low spin. The combined method can be applied on spin oriented ground state {beta}-decaying nuclei. It was tested on the known {sup 12}B and successfully applied on the neutron rich {sup 18}N. We found for the magnetic moment {mu}({sup 18}N)=0.157(7)n.m. and for the quadrupole moment Q({sup 18}N)=30(3)mbarn.

Teughels, S.; Neyens, G.; Coulier, N.; Georgiev, G.; Ternier, S.; Vyvey, K.; Balabanski, D. L.; Coussement, R. [Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, University of Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200-D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Rogers, W. F. [Westmont College, 955 La Paz Road, Santa Barbara, California 93108 (United States); Cortina-Gil, D.; De Oliveira, F.; Lewitowicz, M.; Mittig, W.; Roussel-Chomaz, P. [Grand Accelerateur National d'Ions Lourds, B.P. 5027, F-14021 Caen Cedex (France); Lepine-Szily, A. [Institute of Physics, University of Sao Paulo, C.P. 66318, 05389-970, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

1998-12-21

227

Effects of nonsinusoidal character of atomic modulation on NQR spin-lattice relaxation time of incommensurate phases  

SciTech Connect

The present work is an extention of the theoretical calculation developed by Blinc to explain the temperature and frequency dependence of the spin-lattice relaxation time in incommensurate phases. We have evaluated the influence of the nonsinusoidal character of the atomic modulation, in the linear approximation, over the NQR spectra and over the spin-lattice relaxation due to direct and Raman processes. It is shown that the peak with lower intensity in the NQR spectra always has a larger T{sub 1} and viceversa. The results have been applied to bis(4-chlorophenyl)sulfone T{sub 1} and line-shape data. The temperature and frequency dependence of T{sub 1} are well reproduced if Raman processes are considered.

Perez, Silvina C.; Schurrer, Clemar; Wolfenson, Alberto

2001-06-01

228

Microlensing modulation by quadrupole variation  

E-print Network

We investigate microlensing in the case where the lens is considered as an extended object. We use a multipolar expansion of the lens potential and show that the time-varying nature of the quadrupole contribution allows to separate it from the mass and spin contributions and leads to specific modulations of the amplification signal. As example we study the case of binary system lenses in our galaxy. The modulation is observable if the rotation period of the system is smaller than the time over which the amplification is significant and if the impact parameter of the passing light ray is sufficiently close to the Einstein radius so that the amplification is large. Observations of this modulation can reveal important information on the quadrupole and thus on the gravitational radiation emitted by the binary lens. Even if not observed directly, because of their importance the quadrupole modulation has to be included in the error budget for high magnification ($\\mu\\leq7$) microlensing events.

Florian Dubath; Maria Alice Gasparini; Ruth Durrer

2007-01-11

229

Solid-state NMR/NQR and first-principles study of two niobium halide cluster compounds.  

PubMed

Two hexanuclear niobium halide cluster compounds with a [Nb6X12](2+) (X=Cl, Br) diamagnetic cluster core, have been studied by a combination of experimental solid-state NMR/NQR techniques and PAW/GIPAW calculations. For niobium sites the NMR parameters were determined by using variable Bo field static broadband NMR measurements and additional NQR measurements. It was found that they possess large positive chemical shifts, contrary to majority of niobium compounds studied so far by solid-state NMR, but in accordance with chemical shifts of (95)Mo nuclei in structurally related compounds containing [Mo6Br8](4+) cluster cores. Experimentally determined ?iso((93)Nb) values are in the range from 2,400 to 3,000 ppm. A detailed analysis of geometrical relations between computed electric field gradient (EFG) and chemical shift (CS) tensors with respect to structural features of cluster units was carried out. These tensors on niobium sites are almost axially symmetric with parallel orientation of the largest EFG and the smallest CS principal axes (Vzz and ?33) coinciding with the molecular four-fold axis of the [Nb6X12](2+) unit. Bridging halogen sites are characterized by large asymmetry of EFG and CS tensors, the largest EFG principal axis (Vzz) is perpendicular to the X-Nb bonds, while intermediate EFG principal axis (Vyy) and the largest CS principal axis (?11) are oriented in the radial direction with respect to the center of the cluster unit. For more symmetrical bromide compound the PAW predictions for EFG parameters are in better correspondence with the NMR/NQR measurements than in the less symmetrical chlorine compound. Theoretically predicted NMR parameters of bridging halogen sites were checked by (79/81)Br NQR and (35)Cl solid-state NMR measurements. PMID:24581866

Peri?, Berislav; Gautier, R間is; Pickard, Chris J; Bosio?i?, Marko; Grbi?, Mihael S; Po瀍k, Miroslav

2014-01-01

230

Normal state spin susceptibility in YBa 2Cu 3O 6.92 single crystal from 63Cu and 89Y nuclear magnetic resonance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present an extensive nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) study of the normal state ( T> Tc) of an YBa 1.93Sr 0.07Cu 3O 6.92 single crystal ( Tc=90 K). The NMR data is interpreted using a model for the imaginary part of the dynamical electron spin susceptibility ??( q, ?) that is consistent with the inelastic neutron scattering (INS) experiments (carried out on the same sample investigated here): the q-dependence is assumed to be Gaussian (commensurate), with short and T independent coherence length ?. This model enabled us to perform a quantitative analysis of the planar copper spin-lattice and spin-spin relaxation rates which evidenced that a spin pseudogap starts to open at T*?130 K, confirming the INS results. Moreover, we show that the AF fluctuations contribution to yttrium relaxation is not negligible due to the dipolar coupling of the yttrium with the neighboring copper spins. The main signature of this feature is that a relation K??T1T=const does not hold for the yttrium site at higher temperatures. Our main conclusion is that, in order to explain the yttrium (and the planar oxygen) relaxation coherently with the INS results and the widely accepted one-band picture, the characteristic energy ?0 of the spin dynamics near q=0 must be strongly T dependent, otherwise the one-band description is not feasible. All the NMR results are interpreted within the ionic model of the hyperfine Hamiltonian taking into account the anisotropy of the g-factor and the static spin susceptibility ?s.

Auler, T.; Horvatic, M.; Gillet, J. A.; Berthier, C.; Berthier, Y.; Carretta, P.; Kitaoka, Y.; S間ransan, P.; Henry, J. Y.

1999-02-01

231

Stabilized radio-frequency quadrupole  

DOEpatents

A long-vane stabilized radio frequency resonator for accelerating charged particles and including means defining a radio frequency resonator cavity, a plurality of long vanes mounted in the defining means for dividing the cavity into sections, and means interconnecting opposing ones of the plurality of vanes for stabilizing the resonator.

Lancaster, H.D.; Fugitt, J.A.; Howard, D.R.

1982-09-29

232

PHYSICAL REVIEW B VOLUME 48, NUMBER 13 1 OCTOBER 1993-1 Determination of the absolute sign of nuclear quadrupole interactions by laser radio-frequency  

E-print Network

PHYSICAL REVIEW B VOLUME 48, NUMBER 13 1 OCTOBER 1993-1 Determination of the absolute sign of nuclear quadrupole interactions by laser radio-frequency double-resonance experiments Tilo Blasberg the quadrupole moment of nuclear spins I > + with the electric-field-gradient (EFG) tensor leads to a splitting

Suter, Dieter

233

A radio-frequency quadrupole accelerator longitudinal field stabilizer  

SciTech Connect

The fields in a 600-MHz model of a radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator have been longitudinally stabilized over 86% of its length. The stabilizing elements consist of four external transverse electromagnetic (TEM) lines. Each line is coupled to the RFQ by two magnetic loops attached to voltage maxima of the TEM line. These resonant lines stabilize the RFQ fields by providing an alternate longitudinal power flow path in the RFQ. Stabilization depends on the TEM line Q and the TEM line RFQ coupling. Each stabilizer coupling-loop location in the RFQ needs to be fully azimuthally stabilized. Substantial coupling between stabilizer elements destroys stabilization. 3 refs., 13 figs., 2 tabs.

Gray, E.R.; Spalek, G.; Shapiro, A.

1988-01-01

234

Orbital and spin magnetic quadrupole response in heavy nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We compute the magnetic quadrupole strength function in heavy spherical and deformed nuclei in proton-neutron random-phase approximation using a separable Hamiltonian that couples magnetic and electric channels and adopting a technique that avoids the diagonalization of the eigenvalue matrix. We intend to check if the different sensitivity of the spin dipole and orbital responses to the multipole terms of the Hamiltonian leads to an energy separation of the two modes sufficient for the identification of the twist mode. We explore also the possibility of a K splitting induced by deformation, in analogy to the electric giant dipole resonance, also briefly studied for the sake of completeness.

Kvasil, J.; Lo Iudice, N.; Nesterenko, V. O.; Mackov, A.; Alexa, P.

2001-05-01

235

The 14N NQR spectrum and the crystal structure of Ba[Fe(CN) 5NO] 3H 2O at room temperature  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The previously reported 14N NQR spectrum of the CN groups of Ba [Fe (CN) 5NO] 3H 2O (BNP) was shown to also contain lines of Na 2 [Fe (CN) 5NO] 2H 2O used in the preparation of BNP. The number of NQR lines and their relative intensities in BNP confirmed that it has a Pbcm instead of a Pca2 1 space group at 293 K as previously assumed. The three CN sites found in BNP at room temperature are increased to five below 233 K and to eight below 131 K as a result of phase transitions. The effect on the NQR lines of the axial CN group of the disorder of some water molecules in BNP is also discussed.

Murgich, Juan; Bonalde, Ismardo

1990-07-01

236

Novel methods for detecting buried explosive devices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Quantum Magnetics, Inc. are exploring novel landmine detection technologies. Technologies considered here include bioreporter bacteria, swept acoustic resonance, nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR), and semiotic data fusion. Bioreporter bacteria look promising for third-world humanitarian applications; they are inexpensive, and deployment does not require high-tech methods. Swept acoustic resonance may be a useful adjunct to magnetometers in

Stephen W. Kercel; Robert S. Burlage; David R. Patek; Cyrus M. Smith; Andrew D. Hibbs; Timothy J. Rayner

1997-01-01

237

Electrostatic quadrupoles for heavy-ion fusion  

SciTech Connect

Voltage-holding data for three quadrupole electrode sizes and inter-electrode spacings are reported. The dependence of the breakdown voltage on system size and its influence on the optimum quadrupole size for beam transport in a multiple beam array are discussed.

Seidl, P.; Faltens, A.

1993-05-01

238

Image restoration using fast Fourier and wavelet transforms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pure nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) of 14N nuclei is quite promising as a method for detecting explosives such as RDX and contraband narcotics such as cocaine and heroin in quantities of interest. Pure NQR is conducted without an external applied magnetic field, so potential concerns about damage to magnetically encoded data or exposure of personnel to large magnetic fields are not relevant. Because NQR frequencies of different compounds are quite distinct, we do not encounter false alarms from the NQR signals of other benign materials. We have constructed a proof-of-concept NQR explosives detector which interrogates a volume of 300 liters (10 ft3). With minimal modification to the existing explosives detector, we can detect operationally relevant quantities of (free base) cocaine within the 300-liter inspection volume in 6 seconds. We are presently extending this approach to the detection of heroin base and also examining 14N and 35,37Cl pure NQR for detection of the hydrochloride forms of both materials. An adaptation of this NQR approach may be suitable for scanning personnel for externally carried contraband and explosives. We first outline the basics of the NQR approach, highlighting strengths and weaknesses, and then present representative results for RDX and cocaine detection. We also present a partial compendium of relevant NQR parameters measured for some materials of interest.

Harrod, William J.; Nagy, James G.; Plemmons, Robert J.

1994-02-01

239

NUCLEAR SPIN RESONANCE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first experiments on nuclear quadrupole interactions in crystals ; were carried out by R. V. Pound (Phys. Rev., magnetic resonance lines and by H. ; G. Dehmelt and H. Kruger (Naturwiss., 37: 111(1950)) who observed the absorption ; of radiowaves in a neutral magnetic field. The work was subsequently continued ; in two directions: toward the study of large,

V. S. Grechishkin; N. E. Ainbinder

1963-01-01

240

Sb-NQR probe for superconducting properties in the Pr-based filled-skutterudite compound PrRu4Sb12  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the electronic and superconducting properties in the Pr-based filled-skutterudite superconductor PrRu4Sb12 with Tc=1.3 K via the measurements of nuclear-quadrupole-resonance frequency nuQ and nuclear-spin-lattice-relaxation time T1 of Sb nuclei. The temperature dependence of nuQ has revealed the energy scheme of Pr3+ crystal electric field that is consistent with an energy separation DeltaCEF70 K between the ground state and the

M. Yogi; H. Kotegawa; Y. Imamura; G.-Q. Zheng; Y. Kitaoka; H. Sugawara; H. Sato

2003-01-01

241

The Equations of Motion for Binary Systems with Relativistic Quadrupole-Quadrupole Moments Interaction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The first post-Newtonian (1-PN) equations of motion for binary systems with monopole, spin and quadrupole interaction are for the first time derived in an explicit and complete form making use of the DSX(Damour, Soffel, and Xu) scheme especially their second paper. For the relativistic corrections in quadrupole-quadrupole moments terms, we have used Maple software (exact symbolic manipulation) to calculate these complex tems. The equations of motion are expressed in the local coordinate system of body A (resp. B) as well as in a global coordinate system. The monopole-spin-quadrupole "force" is decomposed into nine coupling parts, monopole-spin-quadrupole moments of body A coupled with monopole-spin-quadrupole moments of body B. If neglect the relativistic quadrupole-quadrupole terms, the equation is agree with the results of the paper of Chongming Xu, Xuejun Wu and Gerhard Schafer (Phys. Rev. D55, 1997). If the total spin and quadrupole moments are equal to zero, the eq! uation is just the Lorentz-Droste-Einstein-Infeld-Hoffmann equation for the case of two bodies. The new terms containing quadrupole moments might be of some importance for a precise description of coalescing neutron star binaries, which are the most important source of gravitational wave. Furthermore, the equation for binary systems can easily be extended to n-body equations of motion.

Xu, C.; Wu, X.

242

I: Low Frequency NMR and NQR Using a dc SQUID. II: Variable-temperature 13C CP\\/MAS of Organometallics  

Microsoft Academic Search

NMR and NQR at low frequencies are difficult prospects due to small nuclear spin polarization. Furthermore, the sensitivity'of the inductive pickup circuitry of standard spectrometers is reduced as the frequency is lowered. I have used a cw-SQUID (Superconducting QUantum Interference Device) spectrometer, which has no such frequency dependence, to study the local atomic environment of 筃 via the quadrupolar interaction.

Ziegeweid

1995-01-01

243

Monte Carlo simulations of quadrupole collision cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper outlines a method for modelling the transmission of ions through a quadrupole collision cell. The resulting output obtained by using the computer programs is discussed and comments are made relating to instrument design.

Woods, M. D.; Gordon, D. B.; Barber, M.

1992-12-01

244

Clusterization and quadrupole deformation in nuclei  

SciTech Connect

We study the interrelation of the clusterization and quadrupole deformation of atomic nuclei, by applying cluster models. Both the energetic stability and the exclusion principle is investigated. Special attention is paid to the relative orientations of deformed clusters.

Cseh, J.; Algora, A. [Institute of Nuclear Research, Debrecen (Hungary); Antonenko, N. V.; Jolos, R. V.; Scheid, W. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik der Justus-Liebig-Universitaet, Giessen (Germany); Darai, J. [Institute of Experimental Physics, University of Debrecen, Debrecen (Hungary); Hess, P. O. [Instituto de Ciencias Nucleares, UNAM (Mexico)

2006-04-26

245

Klystron having electrostatic quadrupole focusing arrangement  

DOEpatents

A klystron includes a source for emitting at least one electron beam, and an accelerator for accelarating the beam in a given direction through a number of drift tube sections successively aligned relative to one another in the direction of the beam. A number of electrostatic quadrupole arrays are successively aligned relative to one another along at least one of the drift tube sections in the beam direction for focusing the electron beam. Each of the electrostatic quadrupole arrays forms a different quadrupole for each electron beam. Two or more electron beams can be maintained in parallel relationship by the quadrupole arrays, thereby enabling space charge limitations encountered with conventional single beam klystrons to be overcome.

Maschke, Alfred W. (East Moriches, NY)

1983-08-30

246

Klystron having electrostatic quadrupole focusing arrangement  

DOEpatents

A klystron includes a source for emitting at least one electron beam, and an accelerator for accelerating the beam in a given direction through a number of drift tube sections successively aligned relative to one another in the direction of the beam. A number of electrostatic quadrupole arrays are successively aligned relative to one another along at least one of the drift tube sections in the beam direction for focusing the electron beam. Each of the electrostatic quadrupole arrays forms a different quadrupole for each electron beam. Two or more electron beams can be maintained in parallel relationship by the quadrupole arrays, thereby enabling space charge limitations encountered with conventional single beam klystrons to be overcome. 4 figs.

Maschke, A.W.

1983-08-30

247

Nonuniform radiation damage in permanent magnet quadrupoles.  

PubMed

We present data that indicate nonuniform magnetization loss due to radiation damage in neodymium-iron-boron Halbach-style permanent magnet quadrupoles. The proton radiography (pRad) facility at Los Alamos uses permanent-magnet quadrupoles for magnifying lenses, and a system recently commissioned at GSI-Darmsdadt uses permanent magnets for its primary lenses. Large fluences of spallation neutrons can be produced in close proximity to these magnets when the proton beam is, intentionally or unintentionally, directed into the tungsten beam collimators; imaging experiments at LANL's pRad have shown image degradation with these magnetic lenses at proton beam doses lower than those expected to cause damage through radiation-induced reduction of the quadrupole strength alone. We have observed preferential degradation in portions of the permanent magnet quadrupole where the field intensity is highest, resulting in increased high-order multipole components. PMID:25173260

Danly, C R; Merrill, F E; Barlow, D; Mariam, F G

2014-08-01

248

Nonuniform radiation damage in permanent magnet quadrupoles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present data that indicate nonuniform magnetization loss due to radiation damage in neodymium-iron-boron Halbach-style permanent magnet quadrupoles. The proton radiography (pRad) facility at Los Alamos uses permanent-magnet quadrupoles for magnifying lenses, and a system recently commissioned at GSI-Darmsdadt uses permanent magnets for its primary lenses. Large fluences of spallation neutrons can be produced in close proximity to these magnets when the proton beam is, intentionally or unintentionally, directed into the tungsten beam collimators; imaging experiments at LANL's pRad have shown image degradation with these magnetic lenses at proton beam doses lower than those expected to cause damage through radiation-induced reduction of the quadrupole strength alone. We have observed preferential degradation in portions of the permanent magnet quadrupole where the field intensity is highest, resulting in increased high-order multipole components.

Danly, C. R.; Merrill, F. E.; Barlow, D.; Mariam, F. G.

2014-08-01

249

Miniature quadrupole mass spectrometer array  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention provides a minature quadrupole mass spectrometer array for the separation of ions, comprising a first pair of parallel, planar, nonmagnetic conducting rods each having an axis of symmetry, a second pair of planar, nonmagnetic conducting rods each having an axis of symmetry parallel to said first pair of rods and disposed such that a line perpendicular to each of said first axes of symmetry and a line perpendicular to each of said second axes of symmetry bisect each other and form a generally 90 degree angle. A nonconductive top positioning plate is positioned generally perpendicular to the first and second pairs of rods and has an aperture for ion entrance along an axis equidistant from each axis of symmetry of each of the parallel rods, a nonconductive bottom positioning plate is generally parallel to the top positioning plate and has an aperture for ion exit centered on an axis equidistant from each axis of symmetry of each of the parallel rods, means for maintaining a direct current voltage between the first and second pairs of rods, and means for applying a radio frequency voltage to the first and second pairs of rods.

Chutjian, Ara (Inventor); Hecht, Michael H. (Inventor); Orient, Otto J. (Inventor)

1997-01-01

250

Miniature quadrupole mass spectrometer array  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention provides a minature quadrupole mass spectrometer array for the separation of ions, comprising a first pair of parallel, planar, nonmagnetic conducting rods each having an axis of symmetry, a second pair of planar, nonmagnetic conducting rods each having an axis of symmetry parallel to said first pair of rods and disposed such that a line perpendicular to each of said first axes of symmetry and a line perpendicular to each of said second axes of symmetry bisect each other and form a generally 90 degree angle. A nonconductive top positioning plate is positioned generally perpendicular to the first and second pairs of rods and has an aperture for ion entrance along an axis equidistant from each axis of symmetry of each of the parallel rods, a nonconductive bottom positioning plate is generally parallel to the top positioning plate and has an aperture for ion exit centered on an axis equidistant from each axis of symmetry of each of the parallel rods, means for maintaining a direct current voltage between the first and second pairs of rods, and means for applying a radio frequency voltage to the first and second pairs of rods.

Chutjian, Ara (Inventor); Hecht, Michael H. (Inventor); Orient, Otto J. (Inventor)

1998-01-01

251

Integrally formed radio frequency quadrupole  

DOEpatents

An improved radio frequency quadrupole (10) is provided having an elongate housing (11) with an elongate central axis (12) and top, bottom and two side walls (13a-d) symmetrically disposed about the axis, and vanes (14a-d) formed integrally with the walls (13a-d), the vanes (14a-d) each having a cross-section at right angles to the central axis (12) which tapers inwardly toward the axis to form electrode tips (15a-d) spaced from each other by predetermined distances. Each of the four walls (13a-d), and the vanes (14a-d) integral therewith, is a separate structural element having a central lengthwise plane (16) passing through the tip of the vane, the walls (13a-d) having flat mounting surfaces (17, 18) at right angles to and parallel to the control plane (16), respectively, which are butted together to position the walls and vane tips relative to each other.

Abbott, Steven R. (Concord, CA)

1989-01-01

252

Central role of the Na+-translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase (Na+-NQR) in sodium bioenergetics of Vibrio cholerae.  

PubMed

Abstract Vibrio cholerae is a Gram-negative bacterium that lives in brackish or sea water environments. Strains of V. cholerae carrying the pathogenicity islands infect the human gut and cause the fatal disease cholera. Vibrio cholerae maintains a Na+ gradient at its cytoplasmic membrane that drives substrate uptake, motility, and efflux of antibiotics. Here, we summarize the major Na+-dependent transport processes and describe the central role of the Na+-translocating NADH:quinone oxidoreductase (Na+-NQR), a primary Na+ pump, in maintaining a Na+-motive force. The Na+-NQR is a membrane protein complex with a mass of about 220 kDa that couples the exergonic oxidation of NADH to the transport of Na+ across the cytoplasmic membrane. We describe the molecular architecture of this respiratory complex and summarize the findings how electron transport might be coupled to Na+-translocation. Moreover, recent advances in the determination of the three-dimensional structure of this complex are reported. PMID:25205724

Steuber, Julia; Halang, Petra; Vorburger, Thomas; Steffen, Wojtek; Vohl, Georg; Fritz, G黱ter

2014-12-01

253

Permanent magnet edge-field quadrupole  

DOEpatents

Planar permanent magnet edge-field quadrupoles for use in particle accelerating machines and in insertion devices designed to generate spontaneous or coherent radiation from moving charged particles are disclosed. The invention comprises four magnetized rectangular pieces of permanent magnet material with substantially similar dimensions arranged into two planar arrays situated to generate a field with a substantially dominant quadrupole component in regions close to the device axis. 10 figs.

Tatchyn, R.O.

1997-01-21

254

Permanent magnet edge-field quadrupole  

DOEpatents

Planar permanent magnet edge-field quadrupoles for use in particle accelerating machines and in insertion devices designed to generate spontaneous or coherent radiation from moving charged particles are disclosed. The invention comprises four magnetized rectangular pieces of permanent magnet material with substantially similar dimensions arranged into two planar arrays situated to generate a field with a substantially dominant quadrupole component in regions close to the device axis.

Tatchyn, Roman O. (Mountain View, CA)

1997-01-01

255

NQR-NMR studies of higher alcohol synthesis Cu-Co catalysts. Quarterly technical progress report, September 14--December 15, 1990  

SciTech Connect

Copper and cobalt are the key elements in syngas conversion catalyst systems used for higher alcohol synthesis. Their proximity and synergy sensitively control the selectivity and efficiency of the process. It is believed that their outer electronic charge distribution which is responsible for their electrical and magnetic properties might be governing their catalytic properties also. To examine the correlation between catalytic and magnetic properties, a series of copper cobalt catalysts (Co/Cu ratio 5:1 to 5:5) with and without a support were prepared. The nuclear quadrupole resonance spectrum of copper and (zero-field) nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum of cobalt and magnetization and hysteresis character of the catalyst were analyzed. Similar to the catalytic results, the magnetic results also were found to be very sensitive to the preparation technique. The results indicate possible electron exchange between copper and cobalt, and cobalt and the support Titania.

Not Available

1991-01-14

256

Photodarkening effect in glassy As 2S 3 and As 2O 3  

Microsoft Academic Search

Photodarkening, or the shift of the optical absorption edge to smaller energies after excitation with light whose energy is near that of the optical band edge, has been studied in the chalcogenide glasses for many years. Recently we have conducted high field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies at 17 T and nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) studies of 75As in glassy

P. Hari; S. Guzel; T. Su; P. C. Taylor; P. L. Kuhns; W. G. Moulton; N. S. Sullivan

2003-01-01

257

Design, development, and acceleration trials of radio-frequency quadrupole  

SciTech Connect

A deuteron radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ) accelerator has been designed, fabricated, and tested at BARC, which will be used for neutron generation. The RFQ operates at a frequency of 350 MHz and needs an inter-vane voltage of 44 kV to accelerate the deuteron beam to 400 keV within a length of 1.03 m. The error analysis shows that the offset of two opposite vanes in the same direction by 100 ?m leads to a change in resonant frequency by 1.3 MHz and a significant change of fields in the quadrants (?40% with respect to average field). From the 3D analysis, we have observed that the unwanted dipole mode frequencies are very near to the quadrupole mode frequency which will make structure sensitive to the perturbations. In order to move the dipole modes away from the quadrupole modes, we have used the dipole stabilizer rods. The 5 wire transmission line theory was used to study the perturbative analysis of the RFQ and based on this a computer program has been written to tune the cavity to get required field distribution. Based on these studies, a 1.03 m long RFQ made of OFE copper has been fabricated and tested. Even though the RFQ was designed for deuteron (D{sup +}) beam, we tested it by accelerating both the proton (H{sup +}) and D{sup +} beams. The RFQ was operated in pulsed mode and accelerated both H{sup +} and D{sup +} beams to designed values of 200 and 400 keV, respectively. The measured parameters are in good agreement with the designed values validating our simulations and fabrication processes. In this paper, simulations, RF measurements, and beam commissioning results are presented.

Rao, S. V. L. S., E-mail: svlsrao@gmail.com; Jain, Piyush; Pande, Rajni; Roy, Shweta; Mathew, Jose V.; Kumar, Rajesh; Pande, Manjiri; Krishnagopal, S.; Gupta, S. K.; Singh, P. [Ion Accelerator Development Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India)] [Ion Accelerator Development Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai 400085 (India)

2014-04-15

258

Heavy ion plasma confinement in an RF quadrupole trap  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The confinement of an electron free plasma in a pure quadrupole RF electric trap was considered. The ultimate goal was to produce a large density of mercury ions, in order to realize a trapped ion frequency standard using the hyperfine resonance of 199 Hg(+) at 40.7 GHz. An attempt was made to obtain an iodine plasma consisting of equal numbers of positive and negative ions of atomic iodine, the positive iodine ions, being susceptible to charge-exchange with mercury atoms, will produce the desired mercury ions. The experiment showed that the photoproduction of ions pairs in iodine using the necessary UV radiation occurs with a small cross-section, making it difficult to demonstrate the feasibility of space charge neutralization in a quadrupole trap. For this reason it was considered expedient to choose thallium iodide, which has a more favorable absorption spectrum (in the region of 2000 to 2100 A). The results indicate that, although the ionic recombination is a serious limiting factor, a considerable improvement can be obtained in practice for the density of trapped ions, with a considerable advantage in lifetimes for spectroscopic purposes. The ion pair formation by photoionization is briefly reviewed.

Schermann, J.; Major, F. G.

1971-01-01

259

Compressive mass analysis on quadrupole ion trap systems.  

PubMed

Conventionally, quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometers eject ions of different mass-to-charge ratio (m/z) in a sequential fashion by performing a scan of the rf trapping voltage amplitude. Due to the inherent sparsity of most mass spectra, the detector measures no signal for much of the scan time. By exploiting this sparsity property, we propose a new compressive and multiplexed mass analysis approach--multi Resonant Frequency Excitation (mRFE) ejection. This new approach divides the mass spectrum into several mass subranges and detects all the subrange spectra in parallel for increased mass analysis speed. Mathematical estimation of standard mass spectrum is demonstrated while statistical classification on the parallel measurements remains viable because of the sparse nature of the mass spectra. This method can reduce mass analysis time by a factor of 3-6 and increase system duty cycle by 2. The combination of reduced analysis time and accurate compound classification is demonstrated in a commercial quadrupole ion trap (QIT) system. PMID:24806048

Chen, Evan Xuguang; Gehm, Michael; Danell, Ryan; Wells, Mitch; Glass, Jeffrey T; Brady, David

2014-07-01

260

Dipole gravity waves from unbound quadrupoles  

E-print Network

Dipole gravitational disturbances from gravitationally unbound mass quadrupoles propagate to the radiation zone with signal strength at least of quadrupole order if the quadrupoles are nonrelativistic, and of dipole order if relativistic. Angular distributions of parallel-polarized and transverse-polarized dipole power in the radiation zone are calculated for simple unbound quadrupoles, like a linear-oscillator/stress-wave pair and a particle storage ring. Laboratory tests of general relativity through measurements of dipole gravity waves in the source region are proposed. A NASA G2 flywheel module with a modified rotor can produce a post-Newtonian dc bias signal at a gradiometer up to 1 mE. At peak luminosity, the repulsive dipole impulses of proton bunches at the LHC can produce an rms velocity of a high-Q detector surface up to 4 micron/s. Far outside the source region, Newtonian lunar dipole gravity waves can produce a 1-cm displacement signal at LISA. Dipole signal strengths of astrophysical events involving unbound quadrupoles, like near collisions and neutron star kicks in core-collapse supernovae, are estimated.

Franklin Felber

2010-02-01

261

Purely electric and magnetic dipole resonances in metamaterial dielectric resonators through perturbation theory inspired geometries  

E-print Network

In this paper we describe a methodology for tailoring the design of metamaterial dielectric resonators, which represent a promising path toward low-loss metamaterials at optical frequencies. We first describe a procedure to decompose the far field scattered by subwavelength resonators in terms of multipolar field components, providing explicit expressions for the multipolar far fields. We apply this formulation to confirm that an isolated high-permittivity cube resonator possesses frequency separated electric and magnetic dipole resonances, as well as a magnetic quadrupole resonance in close proximity to the electric dipole resonance. We then introduce multiple dielectric gaps to the resonator geometry in a manner suggested by perturbation theory, and demonstrate the ability to overlap the electric and magnetic dipole resonances, thereby enabling directional scattering by satisfying the first Kerker condition. We further demonstrate the ability to push the quadrupole resonance away from the degenerate dipole ...

Campione, Salvatore; Warne, Larry K; Sinclair, Michael B

2014-01-01

262

Variable gradient permanent-magnet quadrupole lenses  

SciTech Connect

Rare earth (RE) permanent-magnet quadrupoles (PMQs) have been used for many applications in particle accelerators. They have the advantage over electromagnets of being lightweight and reliable. One difficulty associated with PMQs is that the quadrupole gradient is not easily adjusted. Over a certain range, the magnetization of RE magnets is a reversible function of temperature. We have developed a scheme to use this property to make variable gradient PMQs. The field gradient changes required for tuning are typically on the order of a few percent. For many RE magnets, this requires temperature changes of a few tens of degrees centigrade and is accomplished by actively heating or cooling the quadrupoles. 8 refs., 7 figs.

O'Shea, P.G.; Zaugg, T.J.; Maggs, R.G.; Schafstall, P.; Dyson, J.E.

1989-01-01

263

O and N quadrupole coupling and the mechanism of the ferroelectric transition in diglycine nitrate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The N and 0 quadrupole couplings in diglycine nitrate have been determined by proton- N and proton-0 double resonance. The O?H??O bonded proton is moving between two off-centre sites in the H?bond above TC and is frozen out in an off-centre site below TC. The results show that the basic phase transition mechanism is a biasing of the flipping of

Janez Seliger; Veselko agar; Robert Blinc; A. Novak; S. Rodin

1986-01-01

264

Acceptance of the quadrupole mass filter in the upper stability island under biharmonic excitation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dynamic characteristics of the quadrupole mass filter (QMF) with the parametric resonance excitation of ion oscillations by\\u000a a low additional HF voltage are studied by numerical methods. The upper stability island formed by instability bands that\\u000a follow the isolines of stability parameters of the unperturbed first stability band is considered. Isolines of characteristic\\u000a indices on the island抯 parameter plane are

N. V. Konenkov; M. N. Makhmudov; Yu. V. Strashnov

2009-01-01

265

The large quadrupole of water molecules  

PubMed Central

Many quantum mechanical calculations indicate water molecules in the gas and liquid phase have much larger quadrupole moments than any of the common site models of water for computer simulations. Here, comparisons of multipoles from quantum mechanical?molecular mechanical (QM?MM) calculations at the MP2?aug-cc-pVQZ level on a B3LYP?aug-cc-pVQZ level geometry of a waterlike cluster and from various site models show that the increased square planar quadrupole can be attributed to the p-orbital character perpendicular to the molecular plane of the highest occupied molecular orbital as well as a slight shift of negative charge toward the hydrogens. The common site models do not account for the p-orbital type electron density and fitting partial charges of TIP4P- or TIP5P-type models to the QM?MM dipole and quadrupole give unreasonable higher moments. Furthermore, six partial charge sites are necessary to account reasonably for the large quadrupole, and polarizable site models will not remedy the problem unless they account for the p-orbital in the gas phase since the QM calculations show it is present there too. On the other hand, multipole models by definition can use the correct multipoles and the electrostatic potential from the QM?MM multipoles is much closer than that from the site models to the potential from the QM?MM electron density. Finally, Monte Carlo simulations show that increasing the quadrupole in the soft-sticky dipole-quadrupole-octupole multipole model gives radial distribution functions that are in good agreement with experiment. PMID:21476758

Niu, Shuqiang; Tan, Ming-Liang; Ichiye, Toshiko

2011-01-01

266

The large quadrupole of water molecules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many quantum mechanical calculations indicate water molecules in the gas and liquid phase have much larger quadrupole moments than any of the common site models of water for computer simulations. Here, comparisons of multipoles from quantum mechanical/molecular mechanical (QM/MM) calculations at the MP2/aug-cc-pVQZ level on a B3LYP/aug-cc-pVQZ level geometry of a waterlike cluster and from various site models show that the increased square planar quadrupole can be attributed to the p-orbital character perpendicular to the molecular plane of the highest occupied molecular orbital as well as a slight shift of negative charge toward the hydrogens. The common site models do not account for the p-orbital type electron density and fitting partial charges of TIP4P- or TIP5P-type models to the QM/MM dipole and quadrupole give unreasonable higher moments. Furthermore, six partial charge sites are necessary to account reasonably for the large quadrupole, and polarizable site models will not remedy the problem unless they account for the p-orbital in the gas phase since the QM calculations show it is present there too. On the other hand, multipole models by definition can use the correct multipoles and the electrostatic potential from the QM/MM multipoles is much closer than that from the site models to the potential from the QM/MM electron density. Finally, Monte Carlo simulations show that increasing the quadrupole in the soft-sticky dipole-quadrupole-octupole multipole model gives radial distribution functions that are in good agreement with experiment.

Niu, Shuqiang; Tan, Ming-Liang; Ichiye, Toshiko

2011-04-01

267

Magnetic Measurement Results of the LCLS Undulator Quadrupoles  

SciTech Connect

This note details the magnetic measurements and the magnetic center fiducializations that were performed on all of the thirty-six LCLS undulator quadrupoles. Temperature rise, standardization reproducibility, vacuum chamber effects and magnetic center reproducibility measurements are also presented. The Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) undulator beam line has 33 girders, each with a LCLS undulator quadrupole which focuses and steers the beam through the beam line. Each quadrupole has main quadrupole coils, as well as separate horizontal and vertical trim coils. Thirty-six quadrupoles, thirty-three installed and three spares were, manufactured for the LCLS undulator system and all were measured to confirm that they met requirement specifications for integrated gradient, harmonics and for magnetic center shifts after current changes. The horizontal and vertical dipole trims of each quadrupole were similarly characterized. Each quadrupole was also fiducialized to its magnetic center. All characterizing measurements on the undulator quads were performed with their mirror plates on and after a standardization of three cycles from -6 to +6 to -6 amps. Since the undulator quadrupoles could be used as a focusing or defocusing magnet depending on their location, all quadrupoles were characterized as focusing and as defocusing quadrupoles. A subset of the undulator quadrupoles were used to verify that the undulator quadrupole design met specifications for temperature rise, standardization reproducibility and magnetic center reproducibility after splitting. The effects of the mirror plates on the undulator quadrupoles were also measured.

Anderson, Scott; Caban, Keith; Nuhn, Heinz-Dieter; Reese, Ed; Wolf, Zachary; /SLAC; ,

2011-08-18

268

Effects of reactant ion kinetic energy on both endothermic and exothermic ion\\/molecule reactions in a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of kinetic energy on the outcomes of exothermic and endothermic ion\\/molecule reactions in a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer are examined. Endothermic proton-transfer and charge exchange reactions may be driven in a quadrupole ion trap by acceleration of selected reactant ions to higher kinetic energies, via resonant power absorption from a supplementary a.c. voltage, prior to collisions with

Hui-Fen Wu; Jennifer S. Brodbelt

1993-01-01

269

Hydrogen transfer in hydrogen-bonded chloranilic acid studied by 35Cl NQR I - a 1:2 complex with 1,4-diazine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

35Cl NQR frequencies and spin-lattice relaxation time ( T1Q) and 1H NMR relaxation times ( T1H) in a H-bonded three molecular system, chloranilic acid-1,4-diazine (1:2) were measured to reveal H-motions in a symmetric two H-bonds in solid. A single 35Cl NQR frequency observed implies that the time-averaged structure of chloranilic acid is roughly monovalent in accordance with p Ka values in both acid and base. T1H temperature dependence was explained by a single relaxation mechanism due to the correlated H-transfer in two H-bonds, while that of T1Q yielded two relaxation processes. One of these undetected by 1H NMR was explained by the uncorrelated H-transfer.

Nihei, Taka-aki; Ishimaru, Shin'ichi; Ishida, Hiroyuki; Ishihara, Hideta; Ikeda, Ryuichi

2000-10-01

270

Quadrupole ionization gage measures ultrahigh vacuum  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Quadrupole system, energized with a 200 MHz electric field, restrains ionizing electrons within the center of the ionization gage. Oscillatory trajectory of the electrons increases the probability of ionizing the gas molecules, lowers background X-ray level, and increases the signal-to-noise ratio.

Schwarz, H. J.

1970-01-01

271

Hydrogen isotope analysis by quadrupole mass spectrometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analysis of isotopes of hydrogen (H, D, T) and helium (矵e, He) and selected impurities using a quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS) has been investigated as a method of measuring the purity of tritium gas for injection into the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR). A QMS was used at low resolution, m\\/..delta..m < 150, for quantifying impurities from m\\/q =

R. E. Ellefson; W. E. Moddeman; H. F. Dylla

1981-01-01

272

Density functional theory calculations of nuclear quadrupole coupling constants with calibrated 14N quadrupole moments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Density functional calculations of the electric field gradient tensor at the nitrogen nucleus in 13 test molecules, containing 14 nitrogen sites, have been performed using the linear combination of Gaussian-type orbital Kohn-Sham density functional theory (LCGTO-KSDFT) approach. Local and gradient corrected functionals were used for all-electron calculations. All the molecular structures were optimized at their respective levels of theory with extended basis sets. Calibrated 14N nuclear quadrupole moments were obtained through a fitting procedure between calculated electric field gradients and experimental nuclear quadrupole coupling constants of the test set of molecules for each basis set and functional considered. With these calibrated 14N nuclear quadrupole moments, the nuclear quadrupole coupling constants of the following selected systems were determined: fluoromethylisonitrile, pyridine, pyrrole, imadazole, pyrazole, 1,8-bis(dimethyl-amino)naphthalene, cyclotetramethylenetetranitramine, cocaine and heroin.

Sicilia, E.; de Luca, G.; Chiodo, S.; Russo, N.; Calaminici, P.; Koster, A. M.; Jug, K.

273

A preliminary quadrupole asymmetry study of a ?=0.12 superconducting single spoke cavity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An Accelerator Driven System (ADS) has been launched in China for nuclear waste transmutation. For the application of high intensity proton beam acceleration, the quadrupole asymmetry effect needs to be carefully evaluated for cavities. Single spoke cavities are the main accelerating structures in the low energy front-end. The single spoke cavity has small transverse electromagnetic field asymmetry, which may lead to transverse RF defocusing asymmetry and beam envelope asymmetry. A superconducting single spoke resonator (PKU-2 Spoke) of ?=0.12 and f=325 MHz with a racetrack-shaped inner conductor has been designed at Peking university. The study of its RF field quadrupole asymmetry and its effect on transverse momentum change has been performed. The quadrupole asymmetry study has also been performed on a ?=0.12 and f=325 MHz ring-shaped single spoke cavity. Our results show that the quadrupole asymmetry is very small for both the racetrack-shaped and the ring-shaped single spoke cavity.

Yang, Zi-Qin; Lu, Xiang-Yang; Yang, Liu; Luo, Xing; Zhou, Kui; Quan, Sheng-Wen

2014-10-01

274

M鰏sbauer Resonance Studies of Ferrous Ions in Ice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mo╯sbauer resonance experiments have been carried out over a wide temperature range on frozen aqueous solutions of ferrous chloride and ferrous sulfate. Well-resolved spectra were obtained which show the two-line absorption pattern characteristic of a nuclear quadrupole hyperfine interaction in 57Fe. Measurements of quadrupole splitting, resonance linewidths, and anisotropic intensities were made as a function of temperature and for samples

Arthur J. Nozik; Morton Kaplan

1967-01-01

275

Copper NMR and NQR studies of fluorine-doped electron superconductors  

SciTech Connect

We report the observation of a Cu NMR signal with a pronounced quadrupole splitting (V[sub Q] approximately 13 MHz) in Nd[sub 2]CuO[sub 4[minus]y]F[sub y]. This finding gives evidence that the electric-field gradient (EFG) in electron-doped superconducting compound is almost the same as for undoped parent ones. In view of this result, the mysterious absence of an EFG, reported before for similar Ce-doped compounds, is discussed. It is attributed to the appearance of spherically symmetric d[sup 10] configuration with doping. It is more likely connected with the inhomogeneities of the quadropole splitting induced by doping, rather than with the changes of electronic configuration. 9 refs., 2 figs.

Kukovitsky, E. (Inst. of Technical Physics, Kazan (Russian Federation)); Luetgemeier, H. (Forschungzentrum Juelich (Germany)); Teitel'baum, G. (Inst. of Technical Physics, Kazan (Russian Federation) Forschungzentrum Juelich (Germany))

1994-04-01

276

MAPPING OUT THE FULL SPIN RESONANCE STRUCTURE OF RHIC.  

SciTech Connect

We extended the ability of DEPOL [1] to calculate coupled spin resonances and used it to determine the location and strength of both intrinsic and coupled spin resonances in RHIC. In particular we are interested in the full resonance structure with solenoidal elements turned on and with quadrupole rolls[2].

RANJBAR,V.; LEE,S.Y.; MACKAY,W.W.; BAI,M.; COURANT,E.

2001-06-18

277

Infrared spectroscopic evidence of a redox-dependent conformational change involving ion binding residue NqrB-D397 in the Na(+)-pumping NADH:quinone oxidoreductase from Vibrio cholerae.  

PubMed

The Na(+)-pumping NADH:quinone oxidoreductase (Na(+)-NQR) is a unique respiratory enzyme that conserves energy by translocating Na(+) through the plasma membrane. Found only in prokaryotes, the enzyme serves as the point of entry of electrons into the respiratory chain in many pathogens, including Vibrio cholerae and Yersinia pestis. In this study, a combined electrochemical and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic approach revealed that Na(+)-NQR undergoes significant conformational changes upon oxidoreduction, depending on the monovalent cation present (Na(+), Li(+), K(+), or Rb(+)). In the presence of the inhibitor Rb(+), additional conformational changes are evident, indicating a changed accessibility of the sodium binding sites. In electrochemically induced FTIR difference spectra, the involvement of deprotonated acid residues in the binding of cations, together with the spectral features, that point toward a monodentate binding mode for these acid residues in the oxidized form of the enzyme and bidentate binding in the reduced form could be identified. The measurements confirmed that NqrB-D397 is one of the acid residues involved in Na(+) and Li(+) binding. In the NqrB-D397E mutant, the spectral features characteristic of COO(-) groups are shifted, and a weakening of the hydrogen binding of the ion binding cluster is revealed. Finally, H-D exchange kinetics of amide protons confirmed that Na(+)-NQR adopts different conformations, with different accessibilities to the aqueous environment, depending on the cation present, which contributes to the selectivity mechanism of ion translocation. PMID:23566241

Neehaul, Yashvin; Ju醨ez, Oscar; Barquera, Blanca; Hellwig, Petra

2013-05-01

278

Transmission resonances in a symmetry-broken square coaxial aperture in a metal film  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a computational study of the transmission resonances in a symmetry-broken square coaxial aperture with an inserted particle offset (?) from the centre. According to the distribution characteristics of oscillating charges on the exit surface, the TE11- and TE21-like mode resonances in the hole may be regarded as dipole and quadrupole plasmon resonances, respectively. It is found that symmetry breaking, due to the particle offset, makes the quadrupole plasmon resonance, which is dark in symmetric geometry, visible. Based on the charge oscillation induced light emission mechanism, we qualitatively explain the variation of the transmission peaks of dipole and quadrupole plasmon resonances with the geometrical parameter ?, and the refractive index of the dielectric filled in the hole. Using polarization-dependent surface charge plots, we illustrate two distinct mode configurations of quadrupole plasmon resonance. Our findings will be of value in tuning the electromagnetic wave in subwavelength optics and designing chemical and biomedical sensors.

He, Meng-Dong; Liu, Jian-Qiang; Wang, Kai-Jun

2012-08-01

279

Observation of quadrupole helix chirality and its domain structure in DyFe3(BO3)4  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Resonant X-ray diffraction (RXD) uses X-rays in the vicinity of a specific atomic absorption edge and is a powerful technique for studying symmetry breaking by motifs of various multipole moments, such as electric monopoles (charge), magnetic dipoles (spin) and electric quadrupoles (orbital). Using circularly polarized X-rays, this technique has been developed to verify symmetry breaking effects arising from chirality, the asymmetry of an object upon its mirroring. Chirality plays a crucial role in the emergence of functionalities such as optical rotatory power and multiferroicity. Here we apply spatially resolved RXD to reveal the helix chirality of Dy 4f electric quadrupole orientations and its domain structure in DyFe3(BO3)4, which shows a reversible phase transition into an enantiomorphic space-group pair. The present study provides evidence for a helix chiral motif of quadrupole moments developed in crystallographic helix chirality.

Usui, T.; Tanaka, Y.; Nakajima, H.; Taguchi, M.; Chainani, A.; Oura, M.; Shin, S.; Katayama, N.; Sawa, H.; Wakabayashi, Y.; Kimura, T.

2014-06-01

280

LARP Long Nb3Sn Quadrupole Design  

SciTech Connect

A major milestone for the LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) is the test, by the end of 2009, of two 4m-long quadrupole magnets (LQ) wound with Nb{sub 3}Sn conductor. The goal of these magnets is to be a proof of principle that Nb{sub 3}Sn is a viable technology for a possible LHC luminosity upgrade. The design of the LQ is based on the design of the LARP Technological Quadrupoles, presently under development at FNAL and LBNL, with 90-mm aperture and gradient higher than 200 T/m. The design of the first LQ model will be completed by the end of 2007 with the selection of a mechanical design. In this paper we present the coil design addressing some fabrication technology issues, the quench protection study, and three designs of the support structure.

Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Anerella, M.; Barzi, E.; Bossert, R.; Caspi, S.; Chlachidize, G.; Dietderich, D.; Feher, S.; Ferracin, P.; Ghosh, A.; Hafalia, R.; Hannaford, R.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Kerby, J.; Lamm, M.; Lietzke, A.; McInturff, A.; Muratore, J.; Nobrega, F.; Novitsky, I.; Sabbi, G.L.; Schmalzle, J.; Tartaglia, M.; Turrioni, D.; Wanderer, P.; Whitson, G.; Zlobin, A.V.

2008-06-01

281

Permanent-magnet quadrupoles in RFQ Linacs  

SciTech Connect

We investigated the possibility of increasing the current-carrying capability of radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) linear accelerators by adding permanentmagnet quadrupole (PMQ) focusing to the existing transverse focusing provided by the rf electric field. Increased transverse focusing would also allow shortening RFQ linacs by permitting a larger accelerating gradient, which is normally accompanied by an undesirable increased transverse rf defocusing effect. We found that PMQs were not helpful in increasing the transverse focusing strength in an RFQ. This conclusion was reached after some particle tracing simulations and some analytical calculations. In our parameter regime, the addition of the magnets increases the betatron frequency but does not result in improved focusing because the increased flutter more than offsets the gain from the increased betatron frequency.

Lysenko, W.P.; Wang, T.F.

1985-10-01

282

Quadrupole Magnetic Lens Using Permanent Ceramic Magnets  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quadrupole lens pair is described utilizing permanent ceramic magnets. The field gradient is 470 Oe?cm, across a 7.94-cm aperture. Variation in lens strength is achieved by driving the lenses over a mild steel magnetic shunt welded to the inside of the beam tube. The lenses are of relatively low cost, light weight, and simple construction. Of the two units

J. W. Jagger; P. J. Riley

1967-01-01

283

Hydrogen isotope analysis by quadrupole mass spectrometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

The analysis of isotopes of hydrogen (H,D,T) and helium (鲁He,鈦碒e) and selected impurities using a quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS) has been investigated as a method of measuring the purity of tritium gas for injection into the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR). A QMS was used at low resolution, m\\/Dm<150, for quantifying impurities from m\\/q = 2 to 44, and at

R. E. Ellefson; W. E. Moddeman; H. F. Dylla

1981-01-01

284

Do we understand the electric quadrupole strength distributions in magic nuclei?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comparison between the electric quadrupole ( E2) strength distributions in 40, 48Ca with new results from 52Cr is presented. The deduced E2 strength distributions and the exhaustion of the isoscalar energy-weighted E2 sum rule are very different. Microscopic approaches fail to reproduce these differences. A survey of the available data shows that the exhaustion of the energy-weighted isoscalar E2 sum rule in doubly magic nuclei below the isoscalar giant quadrupole resonance is typically more than two times larger than in semi-magic nuclei. On the other hand, the E2 strength in this energy region exhausts about 50% of the total E2 strength, independent from shell closures.

Enders, J.; Karg, O.; von Neumann-Cosel, P.; Ponomarev, V. Yu.

2007-01-01

285

Pairing in the continuum: The quadrupole response of the Borromean nucleus 6He  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ground state (g.s.) and low-lying continuum states of 6He are found within a shell model scheme, in a basis of two-particle states built out of continuum p states of the unbound 5He nucleus, using a simple pairing contact-delta interaction. This accounts for the Borromean character of the bound ground state, revealing its composition. We investigate the quadrupole response of the system and we put our calculations into perspective with the latest experimental results. The calculated quadrupole strength distribution reproduces the narrow 2+ resonance, while a second wider peak is found at about 3.9 MeV above the g.s. energy.

Fortunato, L.; Chatterjee, R.; Singh, Jagjit; Vitturi, A.

2014-12-01

286

Oxygen isotope effect of the plane-copper NQR frequency in YBa2Cu4O8  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report high-precision measurements of the temperature dependence of the plane-63Cu NQR line frequency ?Q(Cu2) and the linewidth in normal and superconducting 16O and 18O-exchanged YBa2Cu4O8. Whereas ?Q(Cu2) passes Tc very smoothly without a discontinuity either in value or slope, the linewidth increases in the normal conducting phase down to Tc and starts to decrease sharply in the superconducting phase to finally resume its high-temperature value of the normal phase. There is a well discernible oxygen isotope effect on the ?Q(Cu2) temperature dependencies. The temperature dependence of ?Q(Cu2) is described by an empirical expression consisting of two parts, one related to the thermal expansion of the lattice and the other due to charge redistribution during the formation of new electronic structures in the CuO2 planes. From the fit to the experimental data we determine for the conjectured formation of new electronic structures an energy scale ?(16O)=188.0(1.6) K and ?(18O)=180.0(1.6) K. This results in a partial oxygen isotope effect coefficient ??Q=0.42(11) which is larger than both the spin pseudogap coefficient ?PG=0.061(8) and the Tc coefficient ?Tc=0.056(12) [F. Raffa, T. Ohno, M. Mali, J. Roos, D. Brinkmann, K. Conder, and M. Eremin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 5912 (1998)].

Mali, M.; Roos, J.; Keller, H.; Karpinski, J.; Conder, K.

2002-05-01

287

Field-tuned critical fluctuations in YFe2Al10: Evidence from magnetization, 27Al NMR, and NQR investigations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report magnetization, specific heat, and NMR investigations on YFe2Al10 over a wide range of temperature and magnetic field and zero field (NQR) measurements. Magnetic susceptibility, specific heat, and spin-lattice relaxation rate divided by T(1/T1T) follow a weak power law (楾-0.4) temperature dependence, which is a signature of the critical fluctuations of Fe moments. The value of the Sommerfeld-Wilson ratio and the linear relation between 1/T1T and ? suggest the existence of ferromagnetic correlations in this system. No magnetic ordering down to 50 mK in Cp(T)/T and the unusual T and H scaling of the bulk and NMR data are associated with a magnetic instability which drives the system to quantum criticality. The magnetic properties of the system are tuned by field wherein ferromagnetic fluctuations are suppressed and a crossover from quantum critical to Fermi-liquid behavior is observed with increasing magnetic field.

Khuntia, P.; Strydom, A. M.; Wu, L. S.; Aronson, M. C.; Steglich, F.; Baenitz, M.

2012-12-01

288

Noise reduction in negative-ion quadrupole mass spectrometry  

DOEpatents

A quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS) system is described having an ion source, quadrupole mass filter, and ion collector/recorder system. A weak, transverse magnetic field and an electron collector are disposed between the quadrupole and ion collector. When operated in negative ion mode, the ion source produces a beam of primarily negatively-charged particles from a sample, including electrons as well as ions. The beam passes through the quadrupole and enters the magnetic field, where the electrons are deflected away from the beam path to the electron collector. The negative ions pass undeflected to the ion collector where they are detected and recorded as a mass spectrum.

Chastagner, P.

1993-04-20

289

Magnetic mirror structure for testing shell-type quadrupole coils  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents magnetic and mechanical designs and analyses of the quadrupole mirror structure to test single shell-type quadrupole coils. Several quadrupole coils made of different Nb{sub 3}Sn strands, cable insulation and pole materials were tested using this structure at 4.5 and 1.9 K. The coils were instrumented with voltage taps, spot heaters, temperature sensors and strain gauges to study their mechanical and thermal properties and quench performance. The results of the quadrupole mirror model assembly and test are reported and discussed.

Andreev, N.; Barzi, E.; Bossert, R.; Chlachidze, G.; Kashikhin, V.S.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Lamm, M.J.; Nobrega, F.; Novitski, I.; Tartaglia, N.; Turrioni, D.; /Fermilab

2009-10-01

290

Multi-Pass Quadrupole Mass Analyzer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Analysis of the composition of planetary atmospheres is one of the most important and fundamental measurements in planetary robotic exploration. Quadrupole mass analyzers (QMAs) are the primary tool used to execute these investigations, but reductions in size of these instruments has sacrificed mass resolving power so that the best present-day QMA devices are still large, expensive, and do not deliver performance of laboratory instruments. An ultra-high-resolution QMA was developed to resolve N2 +/CO+ by trapping ions in a linear trap quadrupole filter. Because N2 and CO are resolved, gas chromatography columns used to separate species before analysis are eliminated, greatly simplifying gas analysis instrumentation. For highest performance, the ion trap mode is used. High-resolution (or narrow-band) mass selection is carried out in the central region, but near the DC electrodes at each end, RF/DC field settings are adjusted to allow broadband ion passage. This is to prevent ion loss during ion reflection at each end. Ions are created inside the trap so that low-energy particles are selected by low-voltage settings on the end electrodes. This is beneficial to good mass resolution since low-energy particles traverse many cycles of the RF filtering fields. Through Monte Carlo simulations, it is shown that ions are reflected at each end many tens of times, each time being sent back through the central section of the quadrupole where ultrahigh mass filtering is carried out. An analyzer was produced with electrical length orders of magnitude longer than its physical length. Since the selector fields are sized as in conventional devices, the loss of sensitivity inherent in miniaturizing quadrupole instruments is avoided. The no-loss, multi-pass QMA architecture will improve mass resolution of planetary QMA instruments while reducing demands on the RF electronics for high-voltage/high-frequency production since ion transit time is no longer limited to a single pass. The QMA-based instrument will thus give way to substantial reductions of the mass of flight instruments.

Prestage, John D.

2013-01-01

291

Spacecraft applications of quadrupole mass spectrometry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Techniques of mass spectrometry are reviewed and the theory of the quadrupole mass spectrometer (QMS) is discussed. The QMS is shown to have several advantages over older types of mass spectrometers. The QMS has been flown on a large number of rockets and several satellites. More sophisticated versions of the QMS are proposed for future satellites. Special emphasis is placed on problems of contamination which are likely to be encountered on a large and complex satellite like the Advanced Technology Satellite ATS-G. The development of a QMS to detect and forestall such contamination is discussed.

Thekaekara, M. P.

1972-01-01

292

Erratum: Nuclear quadrupole moment determination of 35 Br, and 127  

E-print Network

Erratum: Nuclear quadrupole moment determination of 35 Cl, 79 Br, and 127 I [Phys. Rev. B 69.20.Ps, 99.10.Cd An error in our implementation of the generalized gradient scheme caused the Br electric leads to the following nuclear quadrupole moments of the 79 Br and 81 Br nuclei: Q 79 Br = 0.318 卤 0

Svane, Axel Torstein

293

Nuclear quadrupole moment determination of 35 Br, and 127  

E-print Network

Nuclear quadrupole moment determination of 35 Cl, 79 Br, and 127 I R. E. Alonso Departamento de Fi effects. The nuclear quadrupole moments of 35 Cl, 79 Br, and 127 I are obtained by comparison of available(35 Cl) 0.0855 b, Q(79 Br) 0.330 b, and Q(127 I) 0.721 b are derived with 3% statistical uncertainty

Svane, Axel Torstein

294

Engineering Design Review Charge Quadrupole Cold Mass MQXB  

E-print Network

Engineering Design Review 颅 Charge Quadrupole Cold Mass 颅 MQXB Page 1 of 5 17 February 2000 is the design of the Fermilab inner triplet quadrupole cold mass, end plate to end plate. The cryostat design includes: The design, construction and testing of a series of short (2 m) model magnets in order to develop

Large Hadron Collider Program

295

Electrostatic quadrupole focused particle accelerating assembly with laminar flow beam  

DOEpatents

A charged particle accelerating assembly provided with a predetermined ratio of parametric structural characteristics and with related operating voltages applied to each of its linearly spaced focusing and accelerating quadrupoles, thereby to maintain a particle beam traversing the electrostatic fields of the quadrupoles in the assembly in an essentially laminar flow through the assembly.

Maschke, A.W.

1984-04-16

296

Electric quadrupole excitations in relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Calculations are presented for electric quadrupole excitations in relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions. The theoretical results are compared to an extensive data set and it is found that electric quadrupole effects provide substantial corrections to cross sections, especially for heavier nuclei.

Norbury, John W.

1989-01-01

297

Ion-quadrupole effects in ion-molecule collisions.  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Ion-quadrupole effects are investigated via numerical calculations of capture cross sections and computer-plotter studies of ion trajectories in the quadrupole field. Capture cross sections are roughly equal to Langevin values for low rotational temperatures; a large fraction of multiple reflection captures are calculated corresponding to formation of ion-molecule complexes.

Dugan, J. V., Jr.; Palmer, R. W.

1972-01-01

298

Electrostatic quadrupole focused particle accelerating assembly with laminar flow beam  

DOEpatents

A charged particle accelerating assembly provided with a predetermined ratio of parametric structural characteristics and with related operating voltages applied to each of its linearly spaced focusing and accelerating quadrupoles, thereby to maintain a particle beam traversing the electrostatic fields of the quadrupoles in the assembly in an essentially laminar flow throughout the assembly.

Maschke, Alfred W. (East Moriches, NY)

1985-01-01

299

Cation-? interactions in iminium ion activation: correlating quadrupole moment & enantioselectivity.  

PubMed

A linear correlation between quadrupole moment (Qzz) and enantioselectivity (es) advocates the notion that a cation-? interaction is a contributing factor in the addition of uncharged nucleophiles to iminium salts derived from MacMillan's 1st generation catalyst. The quadrupole moment of the aryl shielding group is a useful qualitative parameter for predicting selectivity (Qzz < 0 ? high es). PMID:25434331

Holland, M C; Metternich, J B; M點k-Lichtenfeld, C; Gilmour, R

2014-12-01

300

Temperature dependent deuterium quadrupole coupling constants of short hydrogen bonds  

E-print Network

Temperature dependent deuterium quadrupole coupling constants of short hydrogen bonds Xingang Zhao January 2006 Abstract Very short hydrogen bonds universally show large positive dependences and intermode couplings. q 2006 Published by Elsevier B.V. Keywords: Hydrogen bonds; NMR; Deuterium quadrupole 1

Barsegov, Valeri

301

Commissioning a Vibrating Wire System for Quadrupole Fiducialization  

SciTech Connect

Quadrupoles will be placed between the undulator segments in LCLS to keep the electron beam focused as it passes through. The quadrupoles will be assembled with their respective undulator segments prior to being placed into the tunnel. Beam alignment will be used to center the quadrupoles, along with the corresponding undulators, on the beam. If there is any displacement between the undulator and the quadrupole axes in the assemblies, the beam will deviate from the undulator axis. If it deviates by more than 80{micro}m in vertical or 140{micro}m in horizontal directions, the undulator will not perform as required by LCLS. This error is divided between three sources: undulator axis fiducialization, quadrupole magnetic axis fiducialization, and assembly of the two parts. In particular, it was calculated that the quadrupole needs to be fiducialized to within 25{micro}m in both vertical and horizontal directions. A previous study suggested using a vibrating wire system for finding the magnetic axis of the quadrupoles. The study showed that the method has high sensitivity (up to 1{micro}m) and laid out guidelines for constructing such a system. There are 3 steps in fiducializing the quadrupole with the vibrating wire system. They are positioning the wire at the magnet center (step 1), finding the wire with position detectors (step 2), and finding the quadrupole tooling ball positions relative to the position detector tooling balls (step 3). A previous study investigated the error associated with each step by using a permanent quadrupole magnet on an optical mover system. The study reported an error of 11{micro}m for step 1 and a repeatability of 4{micro}m for step 2. However, the set up used a FARO arm to measure tooling balls and didn't allow to accurately check step 2 for errors; an uncertainty of 100{micro}m was reported. Therefore, even though the repeatability was good, there was no way to check that the error in step 2 was small. Following the recommendations of that study, we used a CMM (Coordinate Measuring Machine) instead of the FARO arm for measuring the tooling balls. In addition, a roller cam positioner system replaced the optical movers for moving the quadrupole. With the exception of the quadrupole itself, the system was identical to what will be used in fiducializing the undulator quadrupoles. In this study, we investigate the new vibrating wire set up, including the error associated with each step of fiducialization. A vibrating wire system was constructed to fiducialize the quadrupoles between undulator segments in the LCLS. This note is a continuation of previous work to study the ability of the system to fulfill the fiducialization requirements.

Levashov, Michael Y

2010-12-03

302

Double-photoionization of helium including quadrupole radiation effects  

SciTech Connect

Non-perturbative time-dependent close-coupling calculations are carried out for the double photoionization of helium including both dipole and quadrupole radiation effects. At a photon energy of 800 eV, accessible at CUlTent synchrotron light sources, the quadrupole interaction contributes around 6% to the total integral double photoionization cross section. The pure quadrupole single energy differential cross section shows a local maxima at equal energy sharing, as opposed to the minimum found in the pure dipole single energy differential cross section. The sum of the pure dipole and pure quadrupole single energy differentials is insensitive to non-dipole effects at 800 eV. However, the triple differential cross section at equal energy sharing of the two ejected electrons shows strong non-dipole effects due to the quadrupole interaction that may be experimentally observable.

Colgan, James [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Ludlow, J A [AUBURN UNIV; Lee, Teck - Ghee [AUBURN UNIV; Pindzola, M S [AUBURN UNIV; Robicheaux, F [AUBURN UNIV

2009-01-01

303

Supersonic Quadrupole Noise Theory for High-Speed Helicopter Rotors  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

High-speed helicopter rotor impulsive noise prediction is an important problem of aeroacoustics. The deterministic quadrupoles have been shown to contribute significantly to high-speed impulsive (HSI) noise of rotors, particularly when the phenomenon of delocalization occurs. At high rotor-tip speeds, some of the quadrupole sources lie outside the sonic circle and move at supersonic speed. Brentner has given a formulation suitable for efficient prediction of quadrupole noise inside the sonic circle. In this paper, we give a simple formulation based on the acoustic analogy that is valid for both subsonic and supersonic quadrupole noise prediction. Like the formulation of Brentner, the model is exact for an observer in the far field and in the rotor plane and is approximate elsewhere. We give the full analytic derivation of this formulation in the paper. We present the method of implementation on a computer for supersonic quadrupoles using marching cubes for constructing the influence surface (Sigma surface) of an observer space- time variable (x; t). We then present several examples of noise prediction for both subsonic and supersonic quadrupoles. It is shown that in the case of transonic flow over rotor blades, the inclusion of the supersonic quadrupoles improves the prediction of the acoustic pressure signature. We show the equivalence of the new formulation to that of Brentner for subsonic quadrupoles. It is shown that the regions of high quadrupole source strength are primarily produced by the shock surface and the flow over the leading edge of the rotor. The primary role of the supersonic quadrupoles is to increase the width of a strong acoustic signal.

Farassat, F.; Brentner, Kenneth S.

1997-01-01

304

Low frequency magnetic resonance with a dc SQUID (Superconducting QUantum Interference Device)  

SciTech Connect

Conventional NMR and NQR spectrometers use transistor-based detectors, which are responsive only to voltage. This forces the experimenter to convert the sample magnetization to a voltage, a process that is less efficient at low frequencies when the Faraday induction effect is used. However, the SQUID directly measures the magnetization, so there is no frequency dependent sensitivity to the sample magnetization. Of course, many other devices also measure magnetic field directly, but none has the low frequency sensitivity of the SQUID. Chapter 2 presents the theory required to extend conventional magnetic resonance to z-axis magnetic resonance, a form most efficient for the SQUID. The operating principles of the SQUID, as well as the techniques used to convert the SQUID response into a useful output voltage, are outlined in Chapter 3. The SQUID spectrometer constructed for these experiments is described in Chapter 4. Also in this chapter are a discussion of the design considerations for a SQUID spectrometer, and indications of the overall performance of our instrument. Experimental results on NQR and low frequency NMR are found in Chapters 5 and 6, respectively. 96 refs., 38 figs., 5 tabs.

Connor, C.

1989-10-01

305

An improved integrally formed radio frequency quadrupole  

DOEpatents

An improved radio frequency quadrupole is provided having an elongate housing with an elongate central axis and top, bottom and two side walls symmetrically disposed about the axis, and vanes formed integrally with the walls, the vanes each having a cross-section at right angles to the central axis which tapers inwardly toward the axis to form electrode tips spaced from each other by predetermined distances. Each of the four walls, and the vanes integral therewith, is a separate structural element having a central lengthwise plane passing through the tip of the vane, the walls having flat mounting surfaces at right angles to and parallel to the control plane, respectively, which are butted together to position the walls and vane tips relative to each other. 4 figs.

Abbott, S.R.

1987-10-05

306

Radio-frequency quadrupole linear accelerator  

SciTech Connect

The radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) is a new linear accelerator concept in which rf electric fields are used to focus, bunch, and accelerate the beam. Because the RFQ can provide strong focusing at low velocities, it can capture a high-current dc ion beam from a low-voltage source and accelerate it to an energy of 1 MeV/nucleon within a distance of a few meters. A recent experimental test at the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory (LASL) has confirmed the expected performance of this structure and has stimulated interest in a wide variety of applications. The general properties of the RFQ are reviewed and examples of applications of this new accelerator are presented.

Wangler, T.P.; Stokes, R.H.

1980-01-01

307

Roll measurement of Tevatron dipoles and quadrupoles  

SciTech Connect

In 2003 a simple digital level system was developed to allow for rapid roll measurements of all dipoles and quadrupoles in the Tevatron. The system uses a Mitutoyo digital level and a PC running MS WINDOWS XP and LAB VIEW to acquire data on the upstream and downstream roll of each magnet. The system is sufficiently simple that all 1,000 magnets in the Tevatron can be measured in less than 3 days. The data can be quickly processed allowing for correction of rolled magnets by the Fermilab alignment group. Data will be presented showing the state of the Tevatron in 2003 and the changes in rolls as measured in each shutdown since then.

Volk, J.T.; Elementi, L.; Gollwitzer, K.; Jostlein, H.; Nobrega, F.; Shiltsev, V.; Stefanski, R.

2006-09-01

308

Stark effect of 75As NQR and asymmetric 1H-75As level crossing in paraelectric potassium dihydrogen arsenate  

Microsoft Academic Search

The nuclear quadrupole coupling constant of 75As in paraelectric KH2AsO4 (KDA) increases when an electric field is applied along the c-axis. The very large shift ?(e2Qq\\/2h)\\/?E of 75As is 9.1 kHz\\/kV cm-1 at T = 106癒 = Tc + 10. At room temperature, when the proton NMR frequency exceeds the alpha' frequency of 75As by Deltanu, the proton relaxation rate

D. Gill

1968-01-01

309

17O nuclear quadrupole coupling constants of water bound to a metal ion: A gadolinium(III) case study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rotational correlation times of metal ion aqua complexes can be determined from O17 NMR relaxation rates if the quadrupole coupling constant of the bound water oxygen-17 nucleus is known. The rotational correlation time is an important parameter for the efficiency of Gd3+ complexes as magnetic resonance imaging contrast agents. Using a combination of density functional theory with classical and Car-Parrinello molecular dynamics simulations we performed a computational study of the O17 quadrupole coupling constants in model aqua ions and the [Gd(DOTA)(H2O)]- complex used in clinical diagnostics. For the inner sphere water molecule in the [Gd(DOTA)(H2O)]- complex the determined quadrupole coupling parameter ??1+?2/3 of 8.7MHz is very similar to that of the liquid water (9.0MHz ). Very close values were also predicted for the the homoleptic aqua ions of Gd3+ and Ca2+. We conclude that the O17 quadrupole coupling parameters of water molecules coordinated to closed shell and lanthanide metal ions are similar to water molecules in the liquid state.

Yazyev, Oleg V.; Helm, Lothar

2006-08-01

310

Systematic study of electric quadrupole excitations in the stable even mass Sn nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spherical semimagic 116,118,120,122,124Sn nuclei have been investigated intensively using nuclear resonance fluorescence techniques. The measurement of the photon scattering cross sections, angular distributions, and linear polarization or azimuthal asymmetries of the resonantly scattered (unpolarized and polarized) photons enabled a model independent determination of reduced transition probabilities, level spins, and parities. Besides the enhanced dipole excitations to the well-known (2+1?3-1)1^- two-phonon states several electric quadrupole transitions were detected in the investigated energy region below 4 MeV. Quasiparticle phonon model calculations reveal several collective and noncollective 2+ states in this energy region. In contrast to the known two-phonon (2+1?3-1)1^- states, the wave functions of the observed 2+ states are dominated by one-phonon components. However, the fragmentation of the B(E2)? strength is influenced by two-phonon 2+ admixtures.

Bryssinck, J.; Govor, L.; Ponomarev, V. Yu.; Bauwens, F.; Beck, O.; Belic, D.; von Brentano, P.; de Frenne, D.; Eckert, T.; Fransen, C.; Govaert, K.; Herzberg, R.-D.; Jacobs, E.; Kneissl, U.; Maser, H.; Nord, A.; Pietralla, N.; Pitz, H. H.; Werner, V.

2000-02-01

311

Polarization measurements on a magnetic quadrupole line in Ne-like barium  

SciTech Connect

We have measured the absolute polarization of the 2{ital p}{sup 6}{sup 1}{ital S}{sub 0}{minus}2{ital p}{sup 5}({sup 2}{ital P}{sub 3/2}{sup {ital o}})3{ital s}[3/2]{sup {ital o}}{sub 2} magnetic quadrupole transition in Ne-like barium, excited in an electron-beam ion trap at a variety of energies. We find strong evidence for the existence of resonant excitation processes that are not explained by our collisional-radiative calculations even when the polarization arising from impact excitation is included. At energies well away from where the resonances occur, the agreement between experiment and theory is good. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Takacs, E.; Meyer, E.S.; Gillaspy, J.D.; Roberts, J.R. [Atomic Physics Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Chantler, C.T.; Hudson, L.T.; Deslattes, R.D. [Quantum Metrology Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, Maryland 20899 (United States); Brown, C.M.; Laming, J.M. [E. O. Hulburt Center for Space Research, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D.C. 20375 (United States); Dubau, J. [Observatoire de Paris, CNRS UPR No. 176, 92195 Meudon Cedex (France); Inal, M.K. [Institut des Sciences Exactes, Departement de Physique, Boite Postale 119, 13000 Tlemcen (Algeria)

1996-08-01

312

Improving the sensitivity of a high-Tc SQUID at MHz frequency using a normal metal transformer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) can be used to detect the signals of nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR). The NQR frequencies of some interesting materials are in the order of MHz. However, the sensitivity of a high-Tc SQUID is normally not enough to detect the weak NQR signals. To improve the sensitivity of a high-Tc SQUID at MHz frequency, we used a transformer made of normal copper wire. The transformer was composed of a pickup coil, an input coil and a capacitor. The pickup coil was used to detect the magnetic field; the input coil was used to couple the field to the SQUID; and the capacitor was used to create a resonant frequency. By using the normal metal transformer, the magnetic field resolution of the high-Tc dc SQUID was improved by about 38.8 times (from 220 to 5.67 fT Hz-1/2) at 954 kHz.

He, D. F.; Itozaki, H.; Tachiki, M.

2006-05-01

313

PRINCIPLE OF SKEW QUADRUPOLE MODULATION TO MEASURE BETATRON COUPLING.  

SciTech Connect

The measurement of the residual betatron coupling via skew quadrupole modulation is a new diagnostics technique that has been developed and tested at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) as a very promising method for the linear decoupling on the ramp. By modulating the strengths of different skew quadrupole families the two eigentunes are precisely measured with the phase lock loop system. The projections of the residual coupling coefficient onto the skew quadrupole coupling modulation directions are determined. The residual linear coupling could be corrected according to the measurement. An analytical solution for skew quadrupole modulation based on Hamiltonian perturbation approximation is given, and simulation code using smooth accelerator model is also developed. Some issues concerning the practical applications of this technique are discussed.

LUO.Y.PILAT,F.ROSER,T.ET AL.

2004-07-05

314

Effect of the atomic electric quadrupole moment on positron binding  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The effect of an electric quadrupole moment Q is studied for positron-atom bound systems. It is demonstrated that for Q >50 a.u. the electric quadrupole potential is sufficiently strong to bind a positron (or an electron) even in the absence of the dipole polarization potential. Such large values of Q are not known for atomic ground states; however, they exist in molecules and excited atoms. In the 2s2p3P2o state of beryllium, the quadrupole contribution makes the difference between a stable bound state and an unstable state, which decays to a Be+ ion and positronium. In the majority of atoms the quadrupole contribution is small and can be neglected.

Harabati, C.; Dzuba, V. A.; Flambaum, V. V.

2014-07-01

315

Theory of electronic structures and nuclear quadrupole interactions in molecular solids and semiconductor surfaces  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have investigated, using the Hartree-Fock Roothaan variational procedure, the electronic structures and associated nuclear quadrupole interactions (NQI) for the molecular solids, RDX (C3H6N6O6),/ /beta- HMX(C4H8N8O8), Cocaine (C17H21NO4), Cocaine Hydrochloride (C17H21NO4HCl) and Heroin (C21H23NO5) and for the (111) surface of silicon with adsorbed radioactive 111In atom and negative cadmium ion containing the excited nucleus 111Cd/* resulting from electron capture by lllIn. Our investigations indicate that for the ring 14N NQI parameters in RDX and ?-HMX there is very good agreement between theory and experiment. For the peripheral 14N nuclei in NO2 groups, while the calculated electronic structures do explain the much weaker quadrupole coupling constants for these nuclei relative to the ring 14N nuclei, there are significant differences between theory and experiment. The influence of intermolecular interactions between adjacent molecules in the solid is invoked as a possible source for these differences. For the controlled substances, Cocaine and Heroin, again very good agreement is obtained between theory and experiment. For Cocaine Hydrochloride theory is able to explain the much smaller observed 14N nuclear quadrupole resonance frequency as compared to pure Cocaine. However there are significant differences between theory and experiment for the 14N and 35Cl quadrupole resonance frequencies. The influence of intermolecular interactions is one of the factors suggested to explain the difference. For the silicon (111) surface, the observed 111Cd/* NQI parameters, with the cadmium nucleus assumed to be located at the same site as the 111In nucleus from which it is generated, can be successfully explained by theory with the indium atom located at the two distinct sites available with the DAS model for the 7 x 7 reconstructed (111) surface. Some quantitative differences still remain, one of the main factor suggested for their explanation being a need for a thorough analysis of relaxation effects in the positions of silicon atoms associated with the presence of the indium atom. Applications of the Hartree-Fock Cluster theory to other related systems is suggested to subject the DAS model to additional tests at the microscopic level as in the system studied in the present thesis. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)

Pati, Ranjit

316

Autonomously Calibrating a Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A computer program autonomously manages the calibration of a quadrupole ion mass spectrometer intended for use in monitoring concentrations and changes in concentrations of organic chemicals in the cabin air of the International Space Station. The instrument parameters calibrated include the voltage on a channel electron multiplier, a discriminator threshold, and an ionizer current. Calibration is achieved by analyzing the mass spectrum obtained while sweeping the parameter ranges in a heuristic procedure, developed by mass spectrometer experts, that involves detection of changes in signal trends that humans can easily recognize but cannot necessarily be straightforwardly codified in an algorithm. The procedure includes calculation of signal-to-noise ratios, signal-increase rates, and background-noise-increase rates; finding signal peaks; and identifying peak patterns. The software provides for several recovery-from-error scenarios and error-handling schemes. The software detects trace amounts of contaminant gases in the mass spectrometer and notifies associated command- and-data-handling software to schedule a cleaning. Furthermore, the software autonomously analyzes the mass spectrum to determine whether the parameters of a radio-frequency ramp waveform are set properly so that the peaks of the mass spectrum are at expected locations.

Lee, Seungwon; Bornstein, Benjamin J.

2009-01-01

317

Thermal Analysis of the ILC Superconductin Quadrupole  

SciTech Connect

Critical to a particle accelerator's functioning, superconducting magnets serve to focus and aim the particle beam. The Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC) has received a prototype superconducting quadrupole designed and built by the Centro de Investigaciones Energ{acute e}ticas, Medioambientales y Tecnol{acute o}gicas (CIEMAT) to be evaluated for the International Linear Collider (ILC) project. To ensure proper functioning of the magnet, the device must be maintained at cryogenic temperatures by use of a cooling system containing liquid nitrogen and liquid helium. The cool down period of a low temperature cryostat is critical to the success of an experiment, especially a prototype setup such as this one. The magnet and the dewar each contain unique heat leaks and material properties. These differences can lead to tremendous thermal stresses. The system was analyzed mathematically, leading to ideal liquid helium and liquid nitrogen flow rates during the magnet's cool-down to 4.2 K, along with a reasonable estimate of how long this cool-down will take. With a flow rate of ten gaseous liters of liquid nitrogen per minute, the nitrogen shield will take approximately five hours to cool down to 77 K. With a gaseous helium flow rate of sixty liters per minute, the magnet will take at least nineteen hours to cool down to a temperature of 4.2 K.

Ross, Ian; /Rose-Hulman Inst., Terre Haute /SLAC

2006-09-13

318

Using the quadrupole moment frequency response of bunched beam to measure its transverse emittance  

SciTech Connect

The quadrupole moment measured with a quadrupole pickup has been used to measure the transverse emittance of the beam. Unfortunately, the poor S/N ratio in the measurement makes it difficult to produce good and consistent emittance results. One way to enhance the S/N is to kick the beam with a quadrupole kicker and then measure its quadrupole frequency response (QFR) with a quadrupole pickup. This paper will show that if the bunched beam is extremely short, the quadrupole tunes are well decoupled and far apart, and the quadrupole tune spread is smaller than the synchrotron tune, then the emittance can be extracted from the QFR.

Tan, Cheng-Yang; /Fermilab

2007-10-01

319

Role of bromine in restoring superconductivity in YBa2Cu3Oy  

Microsoft Academic Search

63,65Cu nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR), 63,65Cu and 79,81Br nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and Br K-edge x-ray-absorption fine-structure (XAFS) measurement techniques have been used to study the local structures of Cu and Br in well-characterized samples of deoxygenated and brominated YBa2Cu3Oy (YBCO). The combined results provide a detailed picture of the role of bromine in reoxygenating the YBCO structure and an

D. M. Potrepka; J. I. Budnick; D. B. Fenner; W. A. Hines; M. Balasubramanian; A. R. Moodenbaugh

1999-01-01

320

Application of the Thermal Quadrupoles Method to Semitransparent Solids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, the thermal quadrupoles method is extended to semitransparent layered solids. Using this method, the surface temperature of semitransparent multilayered materials is calculated as a function of the optical and thermal properties of each layer. This result eventually leads to determination of the thermal diffusivity, thermal resistance, and/or optical absorption coefficient of layered materials using photothermal techniques. The thermal quadrupoles method is applied to determine the thermal contact resistance in glass stacks.

Salazar, A.; Fuente, R.; Mendioroz, A.; Api馻niz, E.; Celorrio, R.

2012-11-01

321

Development of electrostatic quadrupoles for heavy ion fusion  

SciTech Connect

High-voltage electrostatic quadrupoles are used for focusing ion beams at low energies in the induction linac approach to heavy ion driven inertial confinement fusion for the production of electrical power. The transportable beam line charge density depends linearly on the operating voltage of the quadrupoles, so an experimental program was conducted to find the voltage breakdown dependence on the overall size of the quadrupoles which would then allow determination of the best geometry and operating voltage. The quadrupole electrodes are usually stainless steel cylinders with hemispherical end caps, mounted on stainless steel end plates. The end plates are precisely positioned with respect to each other and the vacuum chamber with alumina insulators with shielded triple points. It is advantageous for beam transport to employ an array of multiple beams for which a rather large number of interdigitated electrodes forms an array of quadrupoles. The tradeoffs between very large numbers of small channels and a smaller number of large channels, and the dependence of the choice on the voltage breakdown dependence is discussed. With present understanding, the optimum is about 100 beamlets focused with quadrupoles which have a beam aperture radius of about 2.3 cm and are operated with about 150 kV between electrodes.

Faltens, A.; Seidl, P. [Lawrence Berkeley National Lab., CA (United States)

1996-12-31

322

Isotope ratio of Cl NQR spin-lattice relaxation times in 1D hydrogen-bonding system of tetramethylpyrazine-chloranilic acid at high temperatures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The temperature dependences of spin-lattice relaxation time T 1 of 35Cl and 37Cl NQR were studied for the co-crystal of tetramethylpyrazine (TMP) with chloranilic acid (H2ca), TMP-H2ca, in which one-dimensional hydrogen bonding is formed by alternate arrangement of TMP and H2ca. The isotope ratio 37Cl T 1 / 35Cl T 1 was determined to be 1.0 0.1 above ca. 290 K where a steep decrease of spin-lattice relaxation time T 1 with increasing temperature was observed. In this temperature range it is suggested that the relaxation is originated from the slow fluctuation of electric field gradient (EFG). Beside EFG fluctuation due to the external-charge-density fluctuation, the small angle reorientation of the quantization axis triggered by a proton transfer motion between N...H-O and N-H...O hydrogen bonding states is proposed.

Asaji, Tetsuo

2013-05-01

323

Sb-NQR probe for superconducting properties in the Pr-based filled-skutterudite compound PrRu4Sb12  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the electronic and superconducting properties in the Pr-based filled-skutterudite superconductor PrRu4Sb12 with Tc=1.3 K via the measurements of nuclear-quadrupole-resonance frequency ?Q and nuclear-spin-lattice-relaxation time T1 of Sb nuclei. The temperature dependence of ?Q has revealed the energy scheme of Pr3+ crystal electric field that is consistent with an energy separation ?CEF70 K between the ground state and the first-excited state. In the normal state, the Korringa relation of (1/T1T)Pr=const is valid, with [(1/T1T)Pr/(1/T1T)La]1/21.44, where (1/T1T)La is for LaRu4Sb12. These results are understood in terms of a conventional Fermi-liquid picture in which the Pr-4f2 state derives neither magnetic nor quadrupolar degrees of freedom at low temperatures. In the superconducting state, 1/T1 shows a distinct coherence peak just below Tc, followed by an exponential decrease with a value of 2?/kBTc=3.1. These results demonstrate that PrRu4Sb12 is a typical weak-coupling s-wave superconductor, in strong contrast with the heavy-fermion superconductor PrOs4Sb12 that is in an unconventional strong coupling regime. The present study on PrRu4Sb12 highlights that the Pr-4f2-derived nonmagnetic doublet plays a key role in the unconventional electronic and superconducting properties in PrOs4Sb12.

Yogi, M.; Kotegawa, H.; Imamura, Y.; Zheng, G.-Q.; Kitaoka, Y.; Sugawara, H.; Sato, H.

2003-05-01

324

14N nuclear quadrupole coupling in cyclic amides and thioamides. Ab initio simulations of the solid state environment as interpretation of the NQR spectra of 2-pyridinone, isatin and benzothiazole-2-one. A new x-ray structure for isatin  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new determination of the X-ray structure of isatin is reported. Ab initio SCF calculations of the local crystal environment in 2-pyridinone (a trimeric structure) and each of isatin and benzothiazole-2-one (dimeric structures) are reported. In view of the importance of the N?H bond lengths in the bicyclic compounds, these were treated as variables in the computations, and found to be relatively short (1.01 ). In all three molecules ? zz lies out of plane both in the monomeric and dimer and trimer calculations but in the last two types a reduction in magnitude of ? zz occurs.

Palmer, Michael H.; Blake, Alexander J.; Gould, Robert O.

1987-07-01

325

Quadrupole contribution to the third-order optical activity spectroscopy.  

PubMed

Time-resolved nonlinear optical activity measurement spectroscopy can be a useful tool for studying biomolecular and chemical reaction dynamics of chiral molecules. Only recently, the two-dimensional (2D) circularly polarized photon echo (CP-PE) spectroscopy of polypeptides and a photosynthetic light-harvesting complex were discussed, where the beam configuration was specifically controlled in such a way to eliminate the quadrupole contribution to the CP-PE signal. In this paper, we generalize the CP-PE spectroscopy by including the transition quadrupole contributions from peptide amide I vibrational transition and chlorophyll electronic transition. By using a density functional theory calculation method, the corresponding amide I vibrational and chlorophyll Q(y) electronic transition quadrupole tensor elements are determined. Amplitude of nonlinear optical transition pathway involving a quadrupole transition is found to be comparable to those of magnetic dipole terms for two different cases considered, i.e., dipeptides and photosynthetic antenna complex. However, due to the rotational averaging factors, the overall quadrupole contribution is an order of magnitude smaller than the magnetic dipole contribution. This suggests that the conventional 2D photon echo method and experimental scheme can be directly used to measure the 2D CP-PE signal from proteins and molecular complexes and that the 2D CP-PE signal is mainly dictated by the magnetic dipole contribution. PMID:17640137

Choi, Jun-Ho; Cho, Minhaeng

2007-07-14

326

Higher order parametric excitation modes for spaceborne quadrupole mass spectrometers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes a technique to significantly improve upon the mass peak shape and mass resolution of spaceborne quadrupole mass spectrometers (QMSs) through higher order auxiliary excitation of the quadrupole field. Using a novel multiresonant tank circuit, additional frequency components can be used to drive modulating voltages on the quadrupole rods in a practical manner, suitable for both improved commercial applications and spaceflight instruments. Auxiliary excitation at frequencies near twice that of the fundamental quadrupole RF frequency provides the advantages of previously studied parametric excitation techniques, but with the added benefit of increased sensed excitation amplitude dynamic range and the ability to operate voltage scan lines through the center of upper stability islands. Using a field programmable gate array, the amplitudes and frequencies of all QMS signals are digitally generated and managed, providing a robust and stable voltage control system. These techniques are experimentally verified through an interface with a commercial Pfeiffer QMG422 quadrupole rod system. When operating through the center of a stability island formed from higher order auxiliary excitation, approximately 50% and 400% improvements in 1% mass resolution and peak stability were measured, respectively, when compared with traditional QMS operation. Although tested with a circular rod system, the presented techniques have the potential to improve the performance of both circular and hyperbolic rod geometry QMS sensors.

Gershman, D. J.; Block, B. P.; Rubin, M.; Benna, M.; Mahaffy, P. R.; Zurbuchen, T. H.

2011-12-01

327

Nuclear magnetic double resonance based on strong rf magnetic-field-induced coupling between spin systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

The origin of the rf magnetic-field-induced coupling between spin systems is discussed. A new nuclear-double-resonance technique employing this coupling is proposed, which has particular value in measuring pure nuclear-quadrupole-resonance spectra of integer-spin nuclei by nuclear double resonance. The sensitivity of the new technique is discussed for the case of 1H-14N double resonance in zero static magnetic field, as well as

J. Seliger; R. Blinc; M. Mali; R. Osredkar; A. Prelesnik

1975-01-01

328

Proton resonance for oscillating field of the order of static magnetic field  

Microsoft Academic Search

A spin decoupling method in nuclear quadrupole resonance spin echo experiment is used to detect the proton magnetic resonance absorption spectrum. The behavior of proton resonance in ? phase of polycrystalline p-dichlorobenzene as a function of the intensity of the proton decoupling oscillating field (H2) is measured. Good agreement between the experimental resonance frequency and Shirley抯 theory for a non-interacting

Clemar Schurrer; Silvina P閞ez; Alberto Wolfenson

2010-01-01

329

Entanglement, magnetic and quadrupole moments properties of the mixed spin Ising-Heisenberg diamond chain  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Thermal entanglement, magnetic and quadrupole moments properties of the mixed spin-1/2 and spin-1 Ising-Heisenberg model on a diamond chain are considered. Magnetization and quadrupole moment plateaus are observed for the antiferromagnetic couplings. Thermal negativity as a measure of quantum entanglement of the mixed spin system is calculated. Different behavior for the negativity is obtained for the various values of Heisenberg dipolar and quadrupole couplings. The intermediate plateau of the negativity has been observed at the absence of the single-ion anisotropy and quadrupole interaction term. When dipolar and quadrupole couplings are equal there is a similar behavior of negativity and quadrupole moment.

Abgaryan, V. S.; Ananikian, N. S.; Ananikyan, L. N.; Hovhannisyan, V.

2015-02-01

330

{open_quotes}Quadrupoled{close_quotes} materials for second-order nonlinear optics  

SciTech Connect

We describe a new approach to second-order nonlinear optical materials, namely quadrupoling. This approach is valid in the regime of Kleinman (full permutation) symmetry breaking, and thus requires a two- or three dimensional microscopic nonlinearity at wavelengths away from material resonances. This {open_quotes}quadrupolar{close_quotes} nonlinearity arises from the second rank pseudotensor of the rotationally invariant representation of the second-order nonlinear optical tensor. We have experimentally investigated candidate molecules comprised of chiral camphorquinone derivatives by measuring the scalar invariant associated with the rank two pseudotensor using hyper-Rayleigh scattering. We have found sizable scalar figures of merit for several compounds using light for which the second harmonic wavelengths are greater than 100 nm longer than the absorption peak location. At these wavelengths, the quadrupolar scalar is as large as the polar (EFISH) scalar of p-nitroaniline. Prospects for applications are discussed.

Hubbard, S.F.; Petschek, R.G.; Singer, K.D. [Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH (United States). Dept. of Physics] [and others

1997-10-01

331

Spin dependence of intrinsic and transition quadrupole moments  

SciTech Connect

The relation connecting an angular momentum dependence of the {gamma}-transition energies with the reduced transition probabilities B[E2;(I+2){sub gr}{yields}I{sub gr}] in the ground-state rotational band is derived based on the Bohr Hamiltonian. The relation is applicable to both {beta}-rigid and {beta}-soft both being {gamma}-rigid nuclei. Based on this result the approximate expression is obtained for the intrinsic quadrupole moment and, therefore, for the spectroscopic quadrupole moment in terms of the reduced E2 transition probabilities. It is shown that an angular momentum dependence of the intrinsic quadrupole moment can be well approximated by a linear function of I. The results obtained are direct consequences of the Bohr Hamiltonian with the Davidson potential.

Jolos, R.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 141980 Dubna (Russian Federation); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, D-35392 Giessen (Germany); Brentano, P. von; Dewald, A. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, D-50937 Cologne (Germany); Pietralla, N. [Nuclear Structure Laboratory, Department of Physics and Astronomy, State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York 11794-3800 (United States)

2005-08-01

332

Design and performance of the SRRC quadrupole magnets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Forty-eight quadrupole magnets have been manufactured in this present work for the SRRC storage ring. Four families of quadrupole magnets with various magnetic lengths are used in the storage ring. The same pole contour with a bore diameter of 76 mm is computed via the 'MAGNET' program. The magnet design and procedure of mechanical fabrication and assembly are also described. The auxiliary coils are incorporated in the main coils for trimming the field strength of each individual magnet. Pole tip ends have a 6 mm x 6 mm chamfer so as to reduce the dodecapole in the end of magnet. Field mapping results having achieved the deviation of integral quadrupole field within +/-1 x 10(exp - 3) in a 30 mm bore radius region is also confirmed.

Chang, C. H.; Chen, H. H.; Hwang, C. S.; Hwang, G. J.; Tseng, P. K.

1994-07-01

333

Advanced Hydrotest Facility (AHF) large bore quadrupole focusing magnet system  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Hydrotest Facility (AHF) at Los Alamos will provide proton radiography of large-scale, dynamic events. The large bore (Case II) quadrupole focusing magnets are a subsystem in this facility, consisting of four complete imaging lines with a total of eight imaging plates and 52 quadrupole magnets. Each large bore quadrupole has an inner winding diameter of 660 mm and provides a gradient of 10.4 T/m with a 300 mm field of view. Each magnet is a two-layer saddle, contained by a three cm steel shell. The conductor is a Rutherford cable, soldered into a C-shaped copper channel. The magnets are cooled by the forced-flow of two-phase helium through coolant pipes. Since the winding must absorb bursts of 0.35 J/kg irradiation, both NbTi and Nb{sub 3}Sn designs are being considered.

Jason, A. J. (Andrew J.); Walstrom, P. L. (Peter L.); Waynert, J. A. (Joseph A.); Schultz, J. (Joel); Camille, R. J.; Antaya, T. (Thomas); Myatt, R. L.; Minervini, J.; Radovinsky, A.; Smith, B. A. (Brian A.)

2002-01-01

334

Self-consistent calculations of quadrupole moments of spherical nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The self-consistent Theory of Finite Fermi Systems based on the Energy Density Functional byFayans et al. with the set DF3-a of parameters fixed previously is used to calculate three kinds of quadrupolemoments. At first, we examined systematically quadrupole moments of odd neighbors of semi-magic lead andtin isotopes and N = 50, N = 82 isotones. Second, we found quadrupole moments of the first 2+ states in thesame two chains of isotopes. Finally, we evaluated quadrupole moments of odd-odd nuclei neighboring to doublemagic ones. Reasonable agreement with available experimental data has been obtained. Predictions are made forquadrupole moments of nuclei in the vicinity of unstable magic nuclei

Kamerdzhiev, S.; Krewald, S.; Tolokonnikov, S.; Saperstein, E. E.; Voitenkov, D.

2012-12-01

335

Resonances and resonance widths  

SciTech Connect

Two-dimensional betatron resonances are much more important than their simple one-dimensional counterparts and exhibit a strong dependence on the betatron phase advance per cell. A practical definition of ''width'' is expanded upon in order to display these relations in tables. A primarily pedagogical introduction is given to explain the tables, and also to encourage a wider capability for deriving resonance behavior and wider use of ''designer'' resonances.

Collins, T.

1986-05-01

336

Simultaneous quadrupole and octupole shape phase transitions in Thorium  

E-print Network

The evolution of quadrupole and octupole shapes in Th isotopes is studied in the framework of nuclear Density Functional Theory. Constrained energy maps and observables calculated with microscopic collective Hamiltonians indicate the occurrence of a simultaneous quantum shape phase transition between spherical and quadrupole-deformed prolate shapes, and between non-octupole and octupole-deformed shapes, as functions of the neutron number. The nucleus $^{224}$Th is closest to the critical point of a double phase transition. A microscopic mechanism of this phenomenon is discussed in terms of the evolution of single-nucleon orbitals with deformation.

Z. P. Li; B. Y. Song; J. M. Yao; D. Vretenar; J. Meng

2013-04-13

337

Anharmonic contributions in real RF linear quadrupole traps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The radiofrequency quadrupole linear ion trap is a widely used device in physics and chemistry. When used for trapping of large ion clouds, the presence of anharmonic terms in the radiofrequency potential limits the total number of stored ions. In this paper, we have studied the anharmonic content of the trapping potential for different implementations of a quadrupole trap, searching for the geometry best suited for the trapping of large ion clouds. This is done by calculating the potential of a real trap using SIMION8.0, followed by a fit, which allows us to obtain the evolution of anharmonic terms for a large part of the inner volume of the trap.

Pedregosa, J.; Champenois, C.; Houssin, M.; Knoop, M.

2010-02-01

338

High and ulta-high gradient quadrupole magnets  

SciTech Connect

Small bore conventional dc quadrupoles with apertures from 1 to 2.578cm were designed and prototypes built and measured. New fabrication techniques including the use of wire electric discharge milling (EDM) to economically generate the pole tip contours and aperture tolerances are described. Magnetic measurement data from a prototype of a 1cm aperture quadrupole with possible use in future e/sup +//e/sup -/ super colliders are presented. At a current of 400A, the lens achieved a gradient of 2.475 T/cm, and had an efficiency of 76.6%.

Brunk, W.O.; Walz, D.R.

1985-05-01

339

Nuclear electric quadrupole moment of bismuth from the molecular method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Electric-field gradients at bismuth nuclei in BiN and BiP molecules were determined from relativistic Dirac-Coulomb calculations by means of the coupled cluster approach with single and double substitutions with perturbative triple excitation corrections CCSD(T) and CCSD-T approaches. These theoretical values were combined with accurate experimental nuclear quadrupole coupling constants in order to obtain the nuclear electric quadrupole moment (NQM) of the 209Bi nucleus. Our best results indicate an NQM of -420(8) mb, which considerably deviates from the previously accepted standard value given by the atomic method -516(15) mb.

Teodoro, Tiago Quevedo; Haiduke, Roberto Luiz Andrade

2013-11-01

340

Indirect (J) coupling of inequivalent ^75As nuclei in crystalline and glassy As_2Se3 and As_2S_3  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Indirect nuclear spin-spin couplings, or J couplings, were first observed in liquids using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques [1]. Because of the nature of the quadrupole Hamiltonian in pure nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) experiments J couplings should be observable between inequivalent nuclei [2]. We present results of ^75As NQR measurements in crystalline and glassy As_2S3 and As_2Se_3. These ^75As NQR measurements were performed at various frequencies between about 55 and 75 MHz. The NQR frequency is determined by the electric field gradient (EFG) at the nucleus, and in these materials there are two non-equivalent sites in each of the two crystals. The J coupling can occur through several chemical bonds, and in our case this coupling must go through two As-S covalent bonds since the nearest neighbor As sites are separated by chalcogen atoms. Instead of the monotonic decay expected from relaxation spin-spin theory, the decays of the NQR Hahn echoes following a 90^0-180^0pulse sequence exhibit damped oscillations superimposed on an exponential decay. These damped oscillations can be explained by an indirect coupling (J coupling). Experimental values of the J couplings were obtained from the periods of the oscillations and calculations of the most probable transitions using 2^nd order perturbation theory. The value estimated by this method for the ^2J(^75As-S-^75As) in crystalline As_2S3 compares well with empirical estimates, which are obtained using an existing value of ^2J(^31P-S-^31P) and known scalings with atomic number from the literature. 1. E. L. Hahn and D. E Maxwell, Phys. Rev. 84, 1246 (1951). 2. T. P. Das and E. L. Hahn, Solid State Physics, supp 1, Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy, p. 28, Academic Press 1958.

Whitaker, J.; Ahn, E.; Hart, P.; Williams, G. A.; Taylor, P. C.; Facelli, J. C.

2004-03-01

341

Electric quadrupole excitations in the interactions of Y-89 with relativistic nuclei  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The first complete calculations of electric quadrupole excitations in relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions are presented herein. Neutron emission from Y-89 is studied and quadrupole effects are found to be a significant fraction of the cross section.

Norbury, John W.

1989-01-01

342

Coupling Spin Resonances In RHIC And AGS  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The polarization of proton beam during the acceleration process in a particle accelerator is affected by the existence of spin resonances. Coupling spin resonances can be excited in the presence of the betatron coupling introduced by rolled quadrupoles and solenoids, as well as in when the stable direction of the spin deviates from the vertical (for instance, by partial Snakes or spin rotators). In this study, We extended the ASPIRRIN code to account for the effect of solenoid magnets and related betatron coupling on the spin resonances. The examples of the coupling spin resonance for RHIC are given. In addition, an analysis is presented for spin coupling resonances produced in the AGS due to the partial Snakes.

Khalil, Nermeen

343

A LIGA Fabricated Quadrupole Array for Mass Spectroscopy  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A linear array of nine quadrupoles was fabricated using the LIGA process. Pole heights ranging from 1 to 3 mm were fabricated using synchrotron X-ray exposures to form free standing polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) molds into which copper, gold or nickel were electroplated.

Jackson, K.; Wiberg, D. V.; Hecht, M. H.; Orient, O. J.; Chutjian, A.; Yee, K.; Fuerstenau, S.; Brennen, R. A.; Hruby, J.; Bonivert, W.

1997-01-01

344

LHC interaction region quadrupole cryostat design and fabrication  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cryostat of a Large Hadron Collider (LHC) Interaction Region (IR) quadrupole magnet consists of all components of the inner triplet except the magnet assembly itself. It serves to support the magnet accurately and reliably within the vacuum vessel, to house all required cryogenic piping, and to insulate the cold mass from heat radiated and conducted from the environment. It

Thomas H. Nicol; Christine Darve; Yuenian Huang; Thomas M. Page

2002-01-01

345

Large energy-spread beam diagnostics through quadrupole scans  

SciTech Connect

The Facility for Advanced Accelerator and Experimental Tests (FACET) is a new user facility at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, servicing next-generation accelerator experiments. The 1.5% RMS energy spread of the FACET beam causes large chromatic aberrations in optics. These aberrations necessitate updated quadrupole scan fits to remain accurate.

Frederico, Joel; Adli, Erik; Hogan, Mark; Raubenheimer, Tor [SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory (United States)

2012-12-21

346

Table of Nuclear Magnetic Dipole and Electric Quadrupole Moments  

E-print Network

of atomic nuclei throughout the periodic table. To aid identification of the states, their excitation energyTable of Nuclear Magnetic Dipole and Electric Quadrupole Moments N.J.Stone, Oxford Physics, Clarendon Laboratory Parks Road, OXFORD OX1 3PU U.K. This Table is a compilation of experimental

347

Ion masking improves resolution in quadrupole mass spectrometers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Mass spectrometers analyze molecular composition by determining mass-to-charge ratio of ion fragments of molecules. Study adds significantly to quantitative understanding of quadrupole mass filter. It includes development of quantitative theory of ion oscillations, computer analysis of ion behavior, and identification of determining factors in peak tail size.

Ierokomos, N.; Ruecker, M. R.

1973-01-01

348

Large energy-spread beam diagnostics through quadrupole scans  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Facility for Advanced Accelerator and Experimental Tests (FACET) is a new user facility at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, servicing next-generation accelerator experiments. The 1.5% RMS energy spread of the FACET beam causes large chromatic aberrations in optics. These aberrations necessitate updated quadrupole scan fits to remain accurate.

Frederico, Joel; Adli, Erik; Hogan, Mark; Raubenheimer, Tor

2012-12-01

349

Radio-frequency quadrupole: General properties and specific applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general properties of radio frequency quadrupole accelerators are reviewed and beam dynamics simulation results are presented for their use in a variety of accelerating systems. The low-beta sections of the Fusion Materials Irradiation Test Accelerator, a 200 MHz proton linear accelerator, and a xenon accelerator for heavy ion fusion are included. Bibtex entry for this abstract Preferred format for

R. H. Stokes; K. R. Crandall; R. W. Hamm; F. J. Humphry; R. A. Jameson; E. A. Knapp; J. M. Potter; G. W. Rodenz; J. E. Stovall; D. A. Swenson

1980-01-01

350

LARP Long Quadrupole: A "Long" Step Toward an LHC  

ScienceCinema

The beginning of the development of Nb3Sn magnets for particle accelerators goes back to the 1960?s. But only very recently has this development begun to face the challenges of fabricating Nb3Sn magnets which can meet the requirements of modern particle accelerators. LARP (the LHC Accelerator Research Program) is leading this effort focusing on long models of the Interaction Region quadrupoles for a possible luminosity upgrade of the Large Hadron Collider. A major milestone in this development is to test, by the end of 2009, 4m-long quadrupole models, which will be the first Nb3Sn accelerator-type magnets approaching the length of real accelerator magnets. The Long Quadrupoles (LQ) are ?Proof-of-Principle? magnets which are to demonstrate that Nb3Sn technology is sufficiently mature for use in high energy particle accelerators. Their design is based on the LARP Technological Quadrupole (TQ) models, under development at FNAL and LBNL, which have design gradients higher than 200 T/m and an aperture of 90 mm. Several challenges must be addressed for the successful fabrication of long Nb3Sn coils and magnets. These challenges and the solutions adopted will be presented together with the main features of the LQ magnets. Several R&D lines are participating to this effort and their contributions will be also presented.

Giorgio Ambrosio

2010-01-08

351

Transverse Relaxation of Cu Nuclear Spins in YBa2Cu3O6.98  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have measured the transverse relaxation of the planar Cu(2) nuclear spins in an oriented powder sample of YBa2Cu3O6.98 (Tc{=}92 K) by using the nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) technique. Above Tc, after subtraction of the Tl process, the spin echo envelope decay follows a Gaussian form, and its time constant is almost independent of temperature. In the vicinity of Tc,

Yutaka Itoh; Hiroshi Yasuoka; Yutaka Ueda

1990-01-01

352

Short-range orientational correlation in the disordered crystal of 1-chloro-4-iodobenzene  

Microsoft Academic Search

p-chlorobromobenzene (PCBB) and p-chloroiodobenzene (PCIB) crystallize in the centrosymmetric space group P21\\/c, Z=2. Since the molecules do not possess an inversion center, the crystals exhibit orientational disorder, in other words, the electrical dipoles of regularly distributed molecules irregularly point in opposite directions. In this study, the temperature dependence of the nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) line shape for PCBB and PCIB

C. A. Meriles; S. C. P閞ez; A. E. Wolfenson; A. H. Brunetti

1999-01-01

353

Short-range orientational correlation in the disordered crystal of 1-chloro-4-iodobenzene  

Microsoft Academic Search

p-chlorobromobenzene (PCBB) and p-chloroiodobenzene (PCIB) crystallize in the centrosymmetric space group P21\\/c,Z=2. Since the molecules do not possess an inversion center, the crystals exhibit orientational disorder, in other words, the electrical dipoles of regularly distributed molecules irregularly point in opposite directions. In this study, the temperature dependence of the nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR) line shape for PCBB and PCIB and

C. A. Meriles; S. C. Pe磖ez; A. E. Wolfenson; A. H. Brunetti

1999-01-01

354

Resonant x-ray magnetic scattering in holmium  

SciTech Connect

We review the results of resonant x-ray magnetic scattering experiments on the rare earth metal holmium. When the incident incident x-ray energy is tuned near the L{sub III} absorption edge, large resonant enhancements of the magnetic scattering and resonant integer harmonics are observed. These results are analyzed within the theory of x-ray resonance exchange scattering assuming electric dipole (2p {yields} 5d) and quadrupole (2p {yields} 4f) transitions among atomic orbitals. 30 refs., 5 figs.

Gibbs, D.

1991-01-01

355

Targeted proteomic quantification on quadrupole-orbitrap mass spectrometer.  

PubMed

There is an immediate need for improved methods to systematically and precisely quantify large sets of peptides in complex biological samples. To date protein quantification in biological samples has been routinely performed on triple quadrupole instruments operated in selected reaction monitoring mode (SRM), and two major challenges remain. Firstly, the number of peptides to be included in one survey experiment needs to be increased to routinely reach several hundreds, and secondly, the degree of selectivity should be improved so as to reliably discriminate the targeted analytes from background interferences. High resolution and accurate mass (HR/AM) analysis on the recently developed Q-Exactive mass spectrometer can potentially address these issues. This instrument presents a unique configuration: it is constituted of an orbitrap mass analyzer equipped with a quadrupole mass filter as the front-end for precursor ion mass selection. This configuration enables new quantitative methods based on HR/AM measurements, including targeted analysis in MS mode (single ion monitoring) and in MS/MS mode (parallel reaction monitoring). The ability of the quadrupole to select a restricted m/z range allows one to overcome the dynamic range limitations associated with trapping devices, and the MS/MS mode provides an additional stage of selectivity. When applied to targeted protein quantification in urine samples and benchmarked with the reference SRM technique, the quadrupole-orbitrap instrument exhibits similar or better performance in terms of selectivity, dynamic range, and sensitivity. This high performance is further enhanced by leveraging the multiplexing capability of the instrument to design novel acquisition methods and apply them to large targeted proteomic studies for the first time, as demonstrated on 770 tryptic yeast peptides analyzed in one 60-min experiment. The increased quality of quadrupole-orbitrap data has the potential to improve existing protein quantification methods in complex samples and address the pressing demand of systems biology or biomarker evaluation studies. PMID:22962056

Gallien, Sebastien; Duriez, Elodie; Crone, Catharina; Kellmann, Markus; Moehring, Thomas; Domon, Bruno

2012-12-01

356

New aspects on URu2Si2 and CeT In5 (T=Rh, Ir, Co) observed by high pressure NMR and NQR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NMR and NQR studies on two interesting systems (URu2Si2, CeTIn5) were performed under high pressure. (1) URu2Si2: In the pressure range 3.0 to 8.3 kbar, we have observed new 29Si NMR signals arising from the antiferromagnetic (AF) region besides the previously observed 29Si NMR signals which come from the paramagnetic (PM) region in the sample. This gives definite evidence for spatially-inhomogeneous development of AF ordering below T0 of 17.5 K. The volume fraction is enhanced by applied pressure, whereas the value of internal field (~ 91 mT) remains constant up to 8.3 kbar. In the AF region, the ordered moment is about one order of magnitude larger than 0.03 mB. (2) CeTIn5: The pressure and temperature (T) dependences of nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1/T1 of 115In in CeTIn5 have shown that the superconductivity (SC) occurs close to an AF instability. From the T dependences of 1/T1and Knight shift below Tc, CeTIn5 has been found to exhibit non-s wave (probable d wave) SC with even parity and line nodes in the SC energy gap.

Kohara, T.

2002-05-01

357

Stars as resonant absorbers of gravitational waves  

E-print Network

Quadrupole oscillation modes in stars can resonate with incident gravitational waves (GWs), and grow non-linear at the expense of GW energy. Stars near massive black hole binaries (MBHB) can act as GW-charged batteries, cooling radiatively. Mass-loss from these stars can prompt MBHB accretion at near-Eddington rates. GW opacity is independent of amplitude, so distant resonating stars can eclipse GW sources. Absorption by the Sun of GWs from Galactic white dwarf binaries may be detectable with second-generation space-based GW detectors as a shadow within a complex diffraction pattern.

B. McKernan; K. E. S. Ford; B. Kocsis; Z. Haiman

2014-08-28

358

Stars as resonant absorbers of gravitational waves  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quadrupole oscillation modes in stars can resonate with incident gravitational waves (GWs), and grow non-linear at the expense of GW energy. Stars near massive black hole binaries (MBHBs) can act as GW-charged batteries, discharging radiatively. Mass-loss from these stars can prompt MBHB accretion at near-Eddington rates. GW opacity is independent of amplitude, so distant resonating stars can eclipse GW sources. Absorption by the Sun of GWs from Galactic white dwarf binaries may be detectable with second-generation space-based GW detectors as a shadow within a complex diffraction pattern.

McKernan, B.; Ford, K. E. S.; Kocsis, B.; Haiman, Z.

2014-11-01

359

Ultrasensitive THz sensing with high-Q Fano resonances in metasurfaces  

E-print Network

High quality factor resonances are extremely promising for designing ultra-sensitive refractive index label-free sensors since it allows intense interaction between electromagnetic waves and the analyte material. Metamaterial and plasmonic sensing has recently attracted a lot of attention due to subwavelength confinement of electromagnetic fields in the resonant structures. However, the excitation of high quality factor resonances in these systems has been a challenge. We excite an order of magnitude higher quality factor resonances in planar terahertz metamaterials that we exploit for ultrasensitive sensing. The low-loss quadrupole and Fano resonances with extremely narrow linewidths enable us to measure the minute spectral shift caused due to the smallest change in the refractive index of the surrounding media. We achieve sensitivity levels of 7.75 x 10^3 nm/ RIU with quadrupole and 5.7 x 10^4 nm/ RIU with the Fano resonances which could be further enhanced by using thinner substrates. These findings would ...

Singh, Ranjan; Al-Naib, Ibraheem; Cong, Longqing; Withayachumnankul, Withawat; Zhang, Weili

2014-01-01

360

Borman effect in resonant diffraction of X-rays  

SciTech Connect

A dynamic theory of resonant diffraction (occurring when the energy of incident radiation is close to the energy of the absorption edge of an element in the composition of a given substance) of synchronous X-rays is developed in the two-wave approximation in the coplanar Laue geometry for large grazing angles in perfect crystals. A sharp decrease in the absorption coefficient in the substance with simultaneously satisfied diffraction conditions (Borman effect) is demonstrated, and the theoretical and first experimental results are compared. The calculations reveal the possibility of applying this approach in analyzing the quadrupole-quadrupole contribution to the absorption coefficient.

Oreshko, A. P., E-mail: ap.oreshko@physics.msu.ru [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

2013-08-15

361

Novel methods for detecting buried explosive devices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Quantum Magnetics, Inc. are exploring novel landmine detection technologies. Technologies considered here include bioreporter bacteria, swept acoustic resonance, nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR), and semiotic data fusion. Bioreporter bacteria look promising for third-world humanitarian applications; they are inexpensive, and deployment does not require high-tech methods. Swept acoustic resonance may be a useful adjunct to magnetometers in humanitarian demining. For military demining, NQR is a promising method for detecting explosive substances; of 50,000 substances that have been tested, one has an NQR signature that can be mistaken for RDX or TNT. For both military and commercial demining, sensor fusion entails two daunting tasks, identifying fusible features in both present-day and emerging technologies, and devising a fusion algorithm that runs in real-time on cheap hardware. Preliminary research in these areas is encouraging. A bioreporter bacterium for TNT detection is under development. Investigation has just started in swept acoustic resonance as an approach to a cheap mine detector for humanitarian use. Real-time wavelet processing appears to be a key to extending NQR bomb detection into mine detection, including TNT-based mines. Recent discoveries in semiotics may be the breakthrough that will lead to a robust fused detection scheme.

Kercel, Stephen W.; Burlage, Robert S.; Patek, David R.; Smith, Cyrus M.; Hibbs, Andrew D.; Rayner, Timothy J.

1997-07-01

362

Novel methods for detecting buried explosive devices  

SciTech Connect

Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) and Quantum Magnetics, Inc. (QM) are exploring novel landmine detection technologies. Technologies considered here include bioreporter bacteria, swept acoustic resonance, nuclear quadrupole resonance (NQR), and semiotic data fusion. Bioreporter bacteria look promising for third-world humanitarian applications; they are inexpensive, and deployment does not require high-tech methods. Swept acoustic resonance may be a useful adjunct to magnetometers in humanitarian demining. For military demining, NQR is a promising method for detecting explosive substances; of 50,000 substances that have been tested, none has an NQR signature that can be mistaken for RDX or TNT. For both military and commercial demining, sensor fusion entails two daunting tasks, identifying fusible features in both present-day and emerging technologies, and devising a fusion algorithm that runs in real-time on cheap hardware. Preliminary research in these areas is encouraging. A bioreporter bacterium for TNT detection is under development. Investigation has just started in swept acoustic resonance as an approach to a cheap mine detector for humanitarian use. Real-time wavelet processing appears to be a key to extending NQR bomb detection into mine detection, including TNT-based mines. Recent discoveries in semiotics may be the breakthrough that will lead to a robust fused detection scheme.

Kercel, S.W.; Burlage, R.S.; Patek, D.R.; Smith, C.M. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Hibbs, A.D.; Rayner, T.J. [Quantum Magnetics, Inc., San Diego, CA (United States)

1997-04-01

363

Characterization of protonated phospholipids as fragile ions in quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometry  

PubMed Central

Some ions exhibit 搃on fragility in quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometry (QIT-MS) during mass analysis with resonance ejection. In many cases, different ions generated from the same compound exhibit different degrees of ion fragility, with some ions (e.g., the [M+H]+ ion) stable and other ions (e.g., the [M+Na]+ ion) fragile. The ion fragility for quadrupole ion trap (QIT) mass spectrometry (MS) for protonated and sodiated ions of three phospholipids, 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, PC (16:0/16:0), 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phophoethanolamine, PE (16:0/16:0), and N-palmitoyl-D-erythro-sphingosylphosphorylcholine, SM (d18:1/16:0), was determined using three previously developed experiments: 1) the peak width using a slow scan speed, 2) the width of the isolation window for efficient isolation, and 3) the energy required for collision-induced dissociation. In addition, ion fragility studies were designed and performed to explore a correlation between ion fragility in QIT mass analysis and ion fragility during transport between the ion source and the ion trap. These experiments were: 1) evaluating the amount of thermal-induced dissociation as a function of heated capillary temperature, and 2) determining the extent of fragmentation occurring with increasing tube lens voltage. All phospholipid species studied exhibited greater ion fragility as protonated species in ion trap mass analysis than as sodiated species. In addition, the protonated species of both SM (d18:0/16:0) and PC (16:0/16:0) exhibited greater tendencies to fragment at higher heated capillary temperatures and high tube lens voltages, whereas the PE (16:0/16:0) ions did not appear to exhibit fragility during ion transport. PMID:22247650

Garrett, Timothy J.; Merves, Matthew; Yost, Richard A.

2011-01-01

364

120-mm supercondcting quadrupole for interaction regions of hadron colliders  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic and mechanical designs of a Nb{sub 3}Sn quadrupole magnet with 120-mm aperture suitable for interaction regions of hadron colliders are presented. The magnet is based on a two-layer shell-type coil and a cold iron yoke. Special spacers made of a low-Z material are implemented in the coil mid-planes to reduce the level of radiation heat deposition and radiation dose in the coil. The quadrupole mechanical structure is based on aluminum collars supported by an iron yoke and a stainless steel skin. Magnet parameters including maximum field gradient and field harmonics, Nb3Sn coil pre-stress and protection at the operating temperatures of 4.5 and 1.9 K are reported. The level and distribution of radiation heat deposition in the coil and other magnet components are discussed.

Zlobin, A.V.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Mokhov, N.V.; Novitski, I.; /Fermilab

2010-05-01

365

Diabatization based on the dipole and quadrupole: The DQ method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, we present a method, called the DQ scheme (where D and Q stand for dipole and quadrupole, respectively), for transforming a set of adiabatic electronic states to diabatic states by using the dipole and quadrupole moments to determine the transformation coefficients. It is more broadly applicable than methods based only on the dipole moment; for example, it is not restricted to electron transfer reactions, and it works with any electronic structure method and for molecules with and without symmetry, and it is convenient in not requiring orbital transformations. We illustrate this method by prototype applications to two cases, LiH and phenol, for which we compare the results to those obtained by the fourfold-way diabatization scheme.

Hoyer, Chad E.; Xu, Xuefei; Ma, Dongxia; Gagliardi, Laura; Truhlar, Donald G.

2014-09-01

366

Development and Test of LARP Technological Quadrupole (TQC) Magnet  

SciTech Connect

In support of the development of a large-aperture Nb{sub 3}Sn superconducting quadrupole for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) luminosity upgrade, two-layer quadrupole models (TQC and TQS) with 90 mm aperture are being constructed at Fermilab and LBNL within the framework of the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP). This paper describes the construction and test of model TQC01. ANSYS calculations of the structure are compared with measurements during construction. Fabrication experience is described and in-process measurements are reported. Test results at 4.5 K are presented, including magnet training, current ramp rate studies and magnet quench current. Results of magnetic measurements at helium temperature are also presented.

Feher, S.; Bossert, R.C.; Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Barzi, E.; Carcagno, R.; Kashikhin, V.S.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Lamm, M.J.; Nobrega, F.; Novitski, I.; Pischalnikov, Yu.; Sylvester, C.; Tartaglia, M.; Turrioni, D.; Whitson, G.; Yamada, R.; Zlobin, A.V.; Caspi, S.; Dietderich, D.; Ferracin, P.; Hannaford, R.; Hafalia, A.R.; Sabbi, G.

2007-06-01

367

Development and test of LARP technological quadrupole (TQC) magnet  

SciTech Connect

In support of the development of a large-aperture Nb{sub 3}Sn superconducting quadrupole for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) luminosity upgrade, two-layer quadrupole models (TQC and TQS) with 90-mm aperture are being constructed at Fermilab and LBNL within the framework of the US LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP). This paper describes the construction and test of model TQC01. ANSYS calculations of the structure are compared with measurements during construction. Fabrication experience is described and in-process measurements are reported. Test results at 4.5K are presented, including magnet training, current ramp rate studies and magnet quench current . Results of magnetic measurements at helium temperature are also presented.

Feher, S.; Bossert, R.C.; Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Barzi, E.; Carcagno, R.; Kashikhin, V.S.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Lamm, M.J.; Nobrega, F.; Novitski, I.; /Fermilab /LBL, Berkeley

2006-08-01

368

Permanent-magnet quadrupoles in an RFQ linacs  

SciTech Connect

We investigated the possibility of increasing the current-carrying capability of radio-frequency quadrupole (RFQ) linear accelerators by adding permanent-magnet quadrupole (PMQ) focusing to the existing transverse focusing provided by the rf electric field. Increased transverse focusing would also allow shortening RFQ linacs by permitting a larger accelerating gradient, which is normally accomplished by an undesirable increased transverse rf defocusing effect. We found that PMQs were not helpful in increasing the transverse focusing strength in an RFQ. This conclusion was reached after some particle tracing simulations and some analytical calculations. In our parameter regime, the addition of the magnets increases the betatron frequency but does not result in improved focusing because the increased flutter more than offsets the gain from the increased betatron frequency.

Lysenko, W.P.; Wang, T.F.

1985-01-01

369

The development of compact magnetic quadrupoles for ILSE  

SciTech Connect

Magnetic focussing is selected for the 4 MeV to 10 MeV section of the Induction Linac Systems Experiments (ILSE) to study the transport of magnetically focussed spacecharge-dominated beams and to explore the engineering problems in accurate positioning of the magnetic fields in an array of quadrupoles. A prototype development program for such magnets is currently under way. A compact design was selected to decrease the overall accelerator diameter and its cost. The design evolved from a cosine 2{theta} current distribution, corrected for end effects. Current-dominated magnets are used in a pulsed mode to allow higher current densities compared to standard dc water-cooled conductors. The POISSON and MAFCO codes were used in the design of the magnets. The construction of the quadrupoles is aimed at achieving location accuracy of the magnetic center to within 1 mil (2.54 {times} 10{sup {minus}5} m) of the mechanical center.

Faltens, A.; Mukherjee, S.; Brady, V.

1990-08-01

370

Ion remeasurement in the RF quadrupole ion trap  

SciTech Connect

The development of the mass-selective instability mode of operation for the quadrupole ion trap has provided impetus for mass spectrometric applications of the device. In the technique, the amplitude of the confining rf voltage is increased linearly with time causing trajectories of stored ions to become unstable in the axial direction sequentially from low to high mass/charge. Ejected ions are subsequently detected by an external electron multiplier. Thus, the technique is straightforward but also destructive in nature; any further manipulations of the original ion packet are precluded by ion ejection and subsequent collision with the detector surface. The authors have modified a Teledyne 3DQ quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer to allow in situ detection and ion remeasurement via image current detection.

Goeringer, D.E.; McLuckey, S.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1995-12-31

371

3D simulations of an electrostatic quadrupole injector  

SciTech Connect

Analysis of the dynamics of a space charge dominated beam in a lattice of electrostatic focusing structures requires a full three-dimensional conic that includes self-consistent space charge fields and the fields from the complex conductor shapes. The existing WARP3d code, a particle simulation code which has been developed for heavy-ion fusion (HIF) applications contains machinery for handling particles in three-dimensional fields. A successive overrelaxation field solver with subgrid-scale placement of boundaries for rounded surface and four-fold symmetry has been added to the code. The electrostatic quadrupole (ESQ) injector for the ILSE accelerator facility being planned at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory is shown as an application. The issue of concern is possible emittance degradation because the focusing voltages are a significant fraction of the particles` energy and because there are significant nonlinear fields arising from the shapes of the quadrupole structures.

Grote, D.P. [California Univ., Davis, CA (United States)]|[Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Friedman, A. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States); Yu, S. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1993-02-01

372

Heavy ion linear accelerator with high-frequency quadrupole focusing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on results of works on the NICA/MPD (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Dubna) project, the possibility of designing a heavy ion linear accelerator with high-frequency quadrupole focusing both in the input part and in the main part of the accelerator is shown. Parameters of the linear 197Au31+ ion accelerator are presented. Special attention is paid to technical questions of calculating, designing, manufacturing, and tuning the accelerator.

Belyaev, O. K.; Budanov, Yu. A.; Zvonarev, I. A.; Ivanov, S. V.; Kudryavtsev, V. G.; Mazurov, E. V.; Mal'tsev, A. P.; Timofeev, A. A.; Kobets, V. V.; Meshkov, I. N.

2013-12-01

373

Isoscalar quadrupole excitations in the two-center shell model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elementary modes of excitation of a particle-hole character are studied in the framework of the two-center shell model. It is argued from available experimental evidence on 24Mg that the isoscalar quadrupole strength in this system must be carried by T = 0 excitations of this nature relative to a two-center potential which is rotating, such that the total angular momentum

R. H. Lemmer; C. Toepffer

1979-01-01

374

Analysis on linac quadrupole misalignment in FACET commissioning 2012  

SciTech Connect

In this note, the analysis on linac quadrupole misalignment is presented for the FACET linac section LI05-09 plus LI11-19. The effectiveness of the beam-based alignment technique is preliminarily confirmed by the measurement. Beam-based alignment technique was adopted at SLAC linac since SLC time. Here the beam-based alignment algorithms are further developed and applied in the FACET commissioning during 2012 run.

Sun, Yipeng; /SLAC

2012-07-05

375

MEASURING LOCAL GRADIENT AND SKEW QUADRUPOLE ERRORS IN RHIC IRS.  

SciTech Connect

The measurement of local linear errors at RHIC interaction regions using an ''action and phase'' analysis of difference orbits has already been presented. This paper evaluates the accuracy of this technique using difference orbits that were taken when known gradient errors and skew quadrupole errors were intentionally introduced. It also presents action and phase analysis of simulated orbits when controlled errors are intentionally placed in a RHIC simulation model.

CARDONA,J.; PEGGS,S.; PILAT,R.; PTITSYN,V.

2004-07-05

376

Electrostatic quadrupole array for focusing parallel beams of charged particles  

DOEpatents

An array of electrostatic quadrupoles, capable of providing strong electrostatic focusing simultaneously on multiple beams, is easily fabricated from a single array element comprising a support rod and multiple electrodes spaced at intervals along the rod. The rods are secured to four terminals which are isolated by only four insulators. This structure requires bias voltage to be supplied to only two terminals and eliminates the need for individual electrode bias and insulators, as well as increases life by eliminating beam plating of insulators.

Brodowski, John (Smithtown, NY)

1982-11-23

377

CMB quadrupole suppression. II. The early fast roll stage  

SciTech Connect

Within the effective field theory of inflation, an initialization of the classical dynamics of the inflaton with approximate equipartition between the kinetic and potential energy of the inflaton leads to a brief fast roll stage that precedes the slow roll regime. The fast roll stage leads to an attractive potential in the wave equations for the mode functions of curvature and tensor perturbations. The evolution of the inflationary perturbations is equivalent to the scattering by this potential and a useful dictionary between the scattering data and observables is established. Implementing methods from scattering theory we prove that this attractive potential leads to a suppression of the quadrupole moment for CMB and B-mode angular power spectra. The scale of the potential is determined by the Hubble parameter during slow roll. Within the effective field theory of inflation at the grand unification (GUT) energy scale we find that if inflation lasts a total number of e-folds N{sub tot}{approx}59, there is a 10%-20% suppression of the CMB quadrupole and about 2%-4% suppression of the tensor quadrupole. The suppression of higher multipoles is smaller, falling off as 1/l{sup 2}. The suppression is much smaller for N{sub tot}>59, therefore if the observable suppression originates in the fast roll stage, there is the upper bound N{sub tot}{approx}59.

Boyanovsky, D.; Vega, H. J. de [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, Laboratoire Associe au CNRS UMR 8112, 61, Avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris (France); LPTHE, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) et Denis Diderot (Paris VII), Laboratoire Associe au CNRS UMR 7589, Tour 24, 5eme. etage, 4, Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris, Cedex 05 (France); Sanchez, N. G. [Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, Laboratoire Associe au CNRS UMR 8112, 61, Avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris (France)

2006-12-15

378

Nuclear quadrupole interaction in the low dimensional hf-trichalcogenides  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on Time Differential Perturbed Angular Correlation measurements of the nuclear quadrupole interaction of181Hf(?-)181 and its temperature dependence in the low dimensional Hf- trichalcogenides HfS3, HfSe3 and HfTe3. In HfS3 the temperature dependence of the precession frequency is a slowly decreasing function with a negative curvature, the deviation from axial symmetry of the electric field gradient is practically temperature independent. In HfSe3 the NQI shows a peculiar behaviour; between 10K and 300K the quadrupole frequency and the asymmetry parameter increase, between 300K and 400K the frequency decreases while the deviation from axial symmetry increases, indicating a structural phase transition near room temperature. In HfTe3 the quadrupole frequency is practically temperature independent below 600K and increases linearely at higher temperatures, the asymmetry parameter increases steadily in the temperature range from 10K to 600K and then decreases. There is a strong correlation between the strength and the asymmetry of the electric field gradient so that the system depends on one control parameter only.

Saibene, S.; Butz, T.; Lerf, A.; Levy, F.; Abriel, W.

1990-08-01

379

Position Stability Monitoring of THEthe LCLS Undulator Quadrupoles  

SciTech Connect

X-ray FELs demand that the positions of undulator components be stable to less than 1 {mu}m per day. Simultaneously, the undulator length increases significantly in order to saturate at x-ray wavelengths. To minimize the impact of the outside environment, the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS) undulator is placed underground, but reliable data about ground motion inside such a tunnel was not available in the required stability range during the planning phase. Therefore, a new position monitor system had been developed and installed with the LCLS undulator. This system is capable of measuring x, y, roll, pitch and yaw of each of the 33 undulator quadrupoles with respect to stretched wires. Instrument resolution is about 10 nm and instrument drift is negligible. Position data of individual quadrupoles can be correlated along the entire 132-m long undulator. The system has been under continuous operation since 2009. This report describes long term experiences with the running system and the observed positional stability of the undulator quadrupoles.

Nuhn, Heinz Dieter; Gassner, Georg; Peters, Franz; /SLAC

2012-03-26

380

Magnetic resonance properties of some lunar material.  

PubMed

Paramagnetic resonance spectra of Apollo 11 fines and rocks were measured at 9 and 35 gigahertz and at 4 degrees , 80 degrees , and 300 degrees K. At both frequencies the material has an intense absorption at g = 2, with a line width of approximately 950 gauss. Fe ions with strong exchange interactions produce this resonance. A comparison of the resonance absorption due to Fe(3+) showed that the energy of the crystal field interaction was approximately 0.1 per centimeter. Mn(2+) was identified in several samples, and an absorption at g = 1.89 was tentatively attributed to Ti(3+). The nuclear magnetic resonance spectra of (27)Al had a distribution of asymmetry parameters eta ranging from 0.25 to 0.75 and had nuclear quadrupole coupling constants e(2)qQ/h of approximately 3 megahertz. PMID:17781555

Weeks, R A; Chatelain, A; Kolopus, J L; Kline, D; Castle, J G

1970-01-30

381

TESTING OF NB{sub 3}SN QUADRUPOLE COILS USING MAGNETIC MIRROR STRUCTURE  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the design and parameters of a quadrupole mirror structure for testing the mechanical, thermal and quench performance of single shell-type superconducting quadrupole coils at field, current and force levels similar to that of real magnet. The concept was experimentally verified by testing two quadrupole coils, previously used in quadrupole models, in the developed mirror structure in the temperature range from 4.5 to 1.9 K. The coils were instrumented with voltage taps, heaters, and strain gauges to monitor their mechanical and thermal properties and quench performance. A new quadrupole coil made of improved Nb{sub 3}Sn RRP-108/127 strand and cable insulation based on E-glass tape was also tested using this structure. The fabrication and test results of the quadrupole mirror models are reported and discussed.

Zlobin, A. V.; Andreev, N.; Barzi, E.; Bossert, R.; Chlachidze, G.; Kashikhin, V. S.; Kashikhin, V. V.; Lamm, M. J.; Novitski, I.; Tartaglia, M.; Tompkins, J. C.; Turrioni, D.; Yamada, R. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL, 60510 (United States)

2010-04-09

382

Testing of Nb3Sn quadrupole coils using magnetic mirror structure  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the design and parameters of a quadrupole mirror structure for testing the mechanical, thermal and quench performance of single shell-type superconducting quadrupole coils at field, current and force levels similar to that of real magnet. The concept was experimentally verified by testing two quadrupole coils, previously used in quadrupole models, in the developed mirror structure in the temperature range from 4.5 to 1.9 K. The coils were instrumented with voltage taps, heaters, and strain gauges to monitor their mechanical and thermal properties and quench performance. A new quadrupole coil made of improved Nb{sub 3}Sn RRP-108/127 strand and cable insulation based on E-glass tape was also tested using this structure. The fabrication and test results of the quadrupole mirror models are reported and discussed.

Zlobin, A.V.; Andreev, N.; Barzi, E.; Bossert, R.; Chlachidze, G.; Kashikhin, V.S.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Lamm, M.; Novitski, I.; Tartaglia, M.; Tompkins, J.C.; /Fermilab

2009-07-01

383

Design and construction of a radiation resistant quadrupole using metal oxide insulated CICC  

SciTech Connect

The construction of a engineering test model of a radiation resistant quadrupole is described. The cold-iron quadrupole uses coils fabricated from metal-oixide (synthetic spinel) insulated Cable-In-Conduit-Conductor (CICC). The superconductor is NbTi in a copper matrix. The quadrupole is designed to produce a pole-tip field of 2 T with an operating current of 7,000 A.

Albert F. Zeller

2012-12-28

384

The statistical mechanics of ion-dipole-tetrahedral quadrupole mixtures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We examine the solution of the Ornstein-Zernike equations for the correlation functions of a fluid mixture in which the molecular interactions consist of a hard sphere plus a multipolar potential that contains coulombic, dipolar as well as quadrupolar terms. In particular we consider the case in which the molecule has a dipole moment in the z direction of the molecular axis system and a non-linear tetrahedral quadrupole tensor of the form ?xx = - ?yy, ?zz = 0 = ???, ? ? ? in the molecular frame. This model is a good representation of the dipolar and quadrupolar properties of water and our analysis will form the basis for constructing a Civilized Model electrolyte in which ions are dissolved in a solvent whose molecules possess water-like multipole moments. One of our main results is that for any theory which retains only the subset of rotational invariants that either appear in the interaction potentials or are generated by angular convolution from those appearing in the interaction potentials, e.g. the linearized hypernetted chain (LHNC) or mean spherical approximations (MSA), the equations for an ion-dipole-tetrahedral quadrupolar mixture only differ from those for an ion-dipole-linear quadrupole mixture (?xx = ?yy = - 1/2?zz, ??? = 0, ? ? ?) in minor details. We have investigated the thermodynamic properties of a fluid of hard spheres with the dipole and tetrahedral moments of water using thermodynamic perturbation theory. We find that contributions to the thermodynamic properties from dipole-quadrupole interaction are very important. For a pure hard sphere tetrahedral quadrupolar fluid there is considerable difference between the results from perturbation theory and from the MSA, for which we have obtained an analytic solution.

Carnie, Steven L.; Chan, Derek Y. C.; Walker, Glen R.

385

CMB quadrupole suppression. I. Initial conditions of inflationary perturbations  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the issue of initial conditions of curvature and tensor perturbations at the beginning of slow roll inflation and their effect on the power spectra. Renormalizability and small backreaction constrain the high k behavior of the Bogoliubov coefficients that define these initial conditions. We introduce a transfer function D(k) which encodes the effect of generic initial conditions on the power spectra. The constraint from renormalizability and small backreaction entails that D(k)(less-or-similar sign){mu}{sup 2}/k{sup 2} for large k, implying that observable effects from initial conditions are more prominent in the low multipoles. This behavior affects the CMB quadrupole by the observed amount {approx}10%-20% when {mu} is of the order of the energy scale of inflation. The effects on high l-multipoles are suppressed by a factor {approx}1/l{sup 2} due to the falloff of D(k) for large wave vectors k. We show that the determination of generic initial conditions for the fluctuations is equivalent to the scattering problem by a potential V({eta}) localized just prior to the slow roll stage. Such potential leads to a transfer function D(k) which automatically obeys the renormalizability and small backreaction constraints. We find that an attractive potential V({eta}) yields a suppression of the lower CMB multipoles. Both for curvature and tensor modes, the quadrupole suppression depends only on the energy scale of V({eta}), and on the time interval where V({eta}) is nonzero. A suppression of the quadrupole for curvature perturbations consistent with the data is obtained when the scale of the potential is of the order of k{sub Q}{sup 2} where k{sub Q} is the wave vector whose physical wavelength is the Hubble radius today.

Boyanovsky, D.; Vega, H. J. de [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, Laboratoire Associe au CNRS UMR 8112, 61, Avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris (France); LPTHE, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI) et Denis Diderot (Paris VII), Laboratoire Associe au CNRS UMR 7589, Tour 24, 5eme. etage, 4, Place Jussieu, 75252 Paris, Cedex 05 (France); Sanchez, N. G. [Observatoire de Paris, LERMA, Laboratoire Associe au CNRS UMR 8112, 61, Avenue de l'Observatoire, 75014 Paris (France)

2006-12-15

386

Comparison of conventional and novel quadrupole drift tube magnets inspired by Klaus Halbach  

SciTech Connect

Quadrupole drift tube magnets for a heavy-ion linac provide a demanding application of magnet technology. A comparison is made of three different solutions to the problem of providing an adjustable high-field-strength quadrupole magnet in a small volume. A conventional tape-wound electromagnet quadrupole magnet (conventional) is compared with an adjustable permanent-magnet/iron quadrupole magnet (hybrid) and a laced permanent-magnet/iron/electromagnet (laced). Data is presented from magnets constructed for the SuperHILAC heavy-ion linear accelerator, and conclusions are drawn for various applications.

Feinberg, B. [Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (United States)

1995-02-01

387

Miniature quadrupole mass spectrometer having a cold cathode ionization source  

DOEpatents

An improved quadrupole mass spectrometer is described. The improvement lies in the substitution of the conventional hot filament electron source with a cold cathode field emitter array which in turn allows operating a small QMS at much high internal pressures then are currently achievable. By eliminating of the hot filament such problems as thermally "cracking" delicate analyte molecules, outgassing a "hot" filament, high power requirements, filament contamination by outgas species, and spurious em fields are avoid all together. In addition, the ability of produce FEAs using well-known and well developed photolithographic techniques, permits building a QMS having multiple redundancies of the ionization source at very low additional cost.

Felter, Thomas E. (Livermore, CA)

2002-01-01

388

Table of nuclear magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments  

SciTech Connect

The table is a compilation of experimental measurements of static magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments of ground states and excited states of atomic nuclei throughout the periodic table. To aid identification of the states, their excitation energy, half-life, spin, and parity are given, along with a brief indication of the method and any reference standard used in the particular measurement. The literature search covers the period to late 2004. Many of the entries prior to 1988 follow those in Raghavan [At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 42 (1989) 189].

Stone, N.J. [Oxford Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford OX1 3PU (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: n.stone1@physics.oxford.ac.uk

2005-05-01

389

Quadrupole collective states within the Bohr collective Hamiltonian  

E-print Network

The article reviews the general version of the Bohr collective model for the description of quadrupole collective states, including a detailed study the model's kinematics. The general form of the classical and quantum Bohr Hamiltonian is presented together with a discussion of the tensor structure of the collective wave functions and with a short review of various methods of solving the Bohr Hamiltonian eigenvalue equation.The methods of derivation of the classical and quantum Bohr Hamiltonian from the microscopic many-body theory are recalled and the microscopic approach to the Bohr Hamiltonian is applied to interpret collective properties of 12 heavy even-even nuclei in the Hf-Hg region.

L. Prochniak; S. G. Rohozinski

2009-11-02

390

Small Aperture BPM to Quadrupole Assembly Tolerance Study  

SciTech Connect

The LCLS injector and linac systems utilize a series of quadrupole magnets with a beam position monitor (BPM) captured in the magnet pole tips. The BPM measures the electron beam position by comparing the electrical signal from 4 electrodes and interpolating beam position from these signals. The manufacturing tolerances of the magnet and BPM are critical in determining the mechanical precision of the electrodes relative to the nominal electron beam Z-axis. This study evaluates the statistical uncertainty of the electrodes center axis relative to the nominal electron beam axis.

Fong, K. W.

2010-12-07

391

Direct measurement of micromotion speed in a linear quadrupole trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We demonstrate a simple method to directly measure the micromotion speed and amplitude of ions far away from the nodal line of the linear quadrupole trap using the cross-correlation technique. For the ions very close to the trap nodal line, the micromotion speed and amplitude of ions can also be deduced through linear fitting. This work gives us a direct picture to the ions' micromotion modes at different displacements in the linear trap. With this work, an absolute measurement of the second-order Doppler effect in the research of atomic clocks based on large number of ions becomes possible.

Wang, B.; Zhang, J. W.; Lu, Z. H.; Wang, L. J.

2010-07-01

392

Optimized Superconducting Quadrupole Arrays for Multiple Beam Transport  

SciTech Connect

This research project advanced the development of reliable, cost-effective arrays of superconducting quadrupole magnets for use in multi-beam inertial fusion accelerators. The field in each array cell must be identical and meet stringent requirements for field quality and strength. An optimized compact array design using flat double-layer pancake coils was developed. Analytical studies of edge termination methods showed that it is feasible to meet the requirements for field uniformity in all cells and elimination of stray external field in several ways: active methods that involve placement of field compensating coils on the periphery of the array or a passive method that involves use of iron shielding.

Meinke, Rainer, B.; Goodzeit, Carl, L.; Ball, Millicent, J.

2005-09-20

393

Comparison of liquid chromatography using triple quadrupole and quadrupole ion trap mass analyzers to determine pesticide residues in oranges.  

PubMed

Liquid chromatography-triple quadrupole/mass spectrometry (LC-TQ/MS) and liquid chromatography-quadrupole ion trap/mass spectrometry (LC-QIT/MS) for determining bupirimate, hexaflumuron, tebufenpyrad, buprofezin, pyriproxyfen, and fluvalinate in fruits have been compared. The differences in the mass spectra obtained by triple and ion trap quadrupoles are discussed, showing how both of them provide interesting features. The evaluation of the two instruments was carried out by ethyl acetate extraction of oranges spiked with the studied pesticides at LOQ and 10 times the LOQ. Results obtained by LC-TQ/MS correlated well with those obtained by LC-QIT/MS. Recoveries were 70-94% by LC-TQ/MS and 72-92% by LC-QIT/MS with the R.S.D. from five replicate analysis 4-14% and 8-18%, respectively. Matrix effects were tested for both techniques by standard addition to blank extracts. Although the matrix effects are not originated in mass analyzer but in the LC/MS interface, they were, generally, more marked by LC-QIT-MS than by LC-TQ/MS. The limits of quantification (LOQs) were 0.005-0.2 mg kg(-1) by both equipments--appropriate values for determining these pesticides in orange from the regulatory point of view. The results indicate that the TQ provides higher precision, better linearity, it is more robust, and when the purpose of the analysis is quantitative determination, preferable over the QIT. However, the application of both mass spectrometers to analyze orange samples conventionally treated showed that any can be used for qualitative and quantitative purposes. PMID:15844516

Soler, Carla; Ma馿s, Jordi; Pic, Yolanda

2005-03-01

394

Nuclear quadrupole interactions of 11B in a LiB3O5 single crystal  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The rotation patterns of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra of an 11B nucleus in a LiB3O5 (LBO) single crystal were measured in the three mutually perpendicular crystallographic planes at room temperature. We identified three centres denoted as B1, B2, and B3, each of which consists of four sets of 11B NMR spectra originating from the chemically equivalent but magnetically inequivalent sites. The four sets belonging to each centre were properly classified in accordance with crystal symmetry and analysed. The principal values and principal axis orientations of the nuclear quadrupole coupling (NQC) tensors were determined for the first time. The centres B1, B2, and B3 were assigned to boron sites in the crystalline lattice of LBO by comparing the directions of the B-O bonds and the principal axes of the NQC tensor (P). The NQC constant (e2qQ/h) and asymmetry parameter (eegr) were determined as follows: for B1, e2qQ/h = 2.615 0.005 MHz and eegr = 0.266 0.005; for B2, e2qQ/h = 0.176 0.003 MHz and eegr = 0.584 0.003; and for B3, e2qQ/h = 2.690 0.004 MHz and eegr = 0.204 0.003.

Ahn, Sang Won; Kim, In Gyoo; Choh, Sung Ho; Kang, Hee Jae

2004-01-01

395

A New Approach to IRMPD Using Selective Ion Dissociation in a Quadrupole Ion Trap  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Infrared multiphoton photodissociation (IRMPD) in a quadrupole ion trap is not selective for a parent ion. Product ions are decreased in abundance by continuous sequential dissociation and may be lost below the low mass cut-off. The IRMPD process is made selective by resonantly exciting trapped ions into an axially offset laser path. Product ions form and collisionally relax out of the laser path to accumulate in the center of the trap. The technique, termed selective broadband (SB) IRMPD, limits sequential dissociation to preserve first generation product ion abundance. The abundances of larger product ions are maximized by completely dissociating the parent ion, but continuous sequential dissociation does not form small product ions below the low mass cut-off associated with conventional IRMPD. Smaller product ions are further increased in abundance in another tandem mass spectrum by performing sequential stages of SB-IRMPD, adjusting the trapping rf amplitude to dissociate larger product ions at the same qz range. Thermal assistance is used to perform SB-IRMPD at higher bath gas pressures for increased sensitivity.

Newsome, G. Asher; Glish, Gary L.

2011-02-01

396

Adaptation of a 3-D Quadrupole Ion Trap for Dipolar DC Collisional Activation  

PubMed Central

Means to allow for the application of a dipolar DC pulse to the end-cap electrodes of a three-dimensional (3-D) quadrupole ion trap for as short as a millisecond to as long as hundreds of milliseconds are described. The implementation of dipolar DC does not compromise the ability to apply AC waveforms to the end-cap electrodes at other times in the experiment. Dipolar DC provides a nonresonant means for ion acceleration by displacing ions from the center of the ion trap where they experience stronger rf electric fields, which increases the extent of micro-motion. The evolution of the product ion spectrum to higher generation products with time, as shown using protonated leucine enkephalin as a model protonated peptide, illustrates the broad-band nature of the activation. Dipolar DC activation is also shown to be effective as an ion heating approach in mimicking high amplitude short time excitation (HASTE)/pulsed Q dissociation (PQD) resonance excitation experiments that are intended to enhance the likelihood for observing low m/z products in ion trap tandem mass spectrometry. PMID:21953251

Prentice, Boone M.; Santini, Robert E.; McLuckey, Scott A.

2011-01-01

397

Resonant diffraction in stishovite near the K absorption edge of silicon  

SciTech Connect

The X-ray resonant diffraction in a stishovite crystal near the K absorption edge of silicon (E{sub K} = 1839 eV) is studied theoretically. For such a long wavelength, the only possible Bragg reflection is the 100 reflection, which is forbidden by the space group of the crystal. It can be excited solely due to anisotropy of the X-ray scattering amplitude. The crystal symmetry is used to determine the polarization and azimuthal dependence of the reflection intensity. Since this reflection is single, it can be detected upon diffraction from a powder, which substantially widens the possibilities of investigations. The numerical calculations of the energy dependences of the forbidden reflection intensity and the absorption coefficient demonstrate that the dipole-quadrupole, quadrupole-quadrupole, and dipole-octupole contributions to the resonant diffraction and absorption are small and that the dipole-dipole contribution is the most important one.

Dmitrienko, V. E., E-mail: dmitrien@crys.ras.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography (Russian Federation); Ovchinnikova, E. N. [Moscow State University (Russian Federation)

2011-05-15

398

Resonant X-ray scattering study of spinel Co2MnO4  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

X-ray resonant enhancement of the (200) crystallographically forbidden reflection in the inverse cubic spinel Co2MnO4 single crystal is presented. Anisotropic X-ray scattering results near the K absorption edges of both Co and Mn ions observed in the azimuthal angle dependence are interpreted with the anisotropic tensorial character of the X-ray susceptibility. Spectra calculations including the various electric multipole transition channels, such as dipole-dipole ( E1- E1), dipole-quadrupole ( E1- E2), and quadrupole-quadrupole ( E2- E2), in two different polarization states of ? - ? and ? - ? are discussed and compared with the experimental data to determine the channel of major contribution in the resonant scattering intensity.

Koo, Tae-Yeong; Lee, Dae-Su; Song, Jonghyun

2014-11-01

399

Quadrupole effects in high-resolution phosphorus-31 solid-state NMR spectra of triphenylphosphine copper(I) complexes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-resolution 31P solid-state NMR spectra of triphenylphosphine copper(I) complexes, obtained by combining proton dipolar decoupling, proton-phosphorus cross polarization, and magic-angle sample spinning, often reveal asymmetric quartets rather than single resonance lines. These splittings arise from coupling with the nuclear spin {3}/{2} of the quadrupolar copper nucleus. Theoretical NMR spectra of spins I = {1}/{2} coupled to spins S > {1}/{2} are presented for powders spinning at the magic angle. Scalar as well as dipolar interactions are considered for the S = 1 and S = {3}/{2} cases. The magnetic field dependence of the observed asymmetric quartets in bis(triphenylphosphine)copper(I)nitrate can be accounted for by assuming a combination of scalar and dipolar coupling between phosphorus and copper. The spectra allow the determination of the scalar coupling constant, the dipolar coupling constant, and the copper quadrupole constant. Also, their signs can be established.

Menger, E. M.; Veeman, W. S.

400

Isovector quadrupole excitations in the valence shell of the vibrator nucleus 136Ba: Evidence from photon scattering experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photon scattering experiments have been performed on the nucleus 136Ba with photon energies of E?<=4.1 MeV and E?<=2.8 MeV. At 2.1 MeV clear evidence for the 2+ms state has been found. From the measured lifetime we extract signatures for the isovector quadrupole excitation in the valence shell: a weakly collective E2 decay to the ground state and a strong M1 decay to the 2+1 state. As the resonant photon scattering with bremsstrahlung is a complete reaction, we can conclude that the 2+ state at 2129 keV is a rather pure 2+ms state with little fragmentation. This is in contrast to the 1+ scissors state. A comparison with an IBM-2 calculation is given.

Pietralla, N.; Belic, D.; von Brentano, P.; Fransen, C.; Herzberg, R.-D.; Kneissl, U.; Maser, H.; Matschinsky, P.; Nord, A.; Otsuka, T.; Pitz, H. H.; Werner, V.; Wiedenh鰒er, I.

1998-08-01

401

Fano resonance properties of gold nanocrescent arrays.  

PubMed

The Fano resonance induced by symmetry breaking could improve the sensitivity of localized surface plasmon resonance sensors. In this work, the spectra of gold nanocrescent arrays are measured and confirmed by simulation results through the finite element method (FEM). The Fano resonance presented in the spectra could be modulated by the symmetry breaking with different waist widths, which are understood through plasmonic hybridization theory with the help of surface charge distribution. Our results indicate the Fano lineshape is generated by the coherent coupling of the quadrupole plasmon mode QH of nanohole and the antibonding plasmon mode D(AB) of nanocrescent. Finally, the high figure of merit (FoM=1.6-3.5) of the Q mode in the visible region illustrates this nanocrescent Fano sensor is of great value in the biological and chemical scientific fields. PMID:25322229

Liao, Zhongwei; Zhou, Bingpu; Huang, Yingzhou; Li, Shunbo; Wang, Shuxia; Wen, Weijia

2014-10-01

402

State-to-state cross section of rotational transition caused by dipole-quadrupole interaction between NH3 and nonpolar molecules  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rotational transitions in NH3 induced by the dipole-quadrupole collisional interaction are studied by use of the supersonic molecular-beam technique and double-resonance spectroscopy. The measured state-to-state cross section agrees well with the cross section calculated nonempirically based on the Anderson-Tsao-Curnutte theory, which depends only on the dipole-matrix element between the initial and final states of NH3. It is deduced that the state-to-all-states cross section is independent of the molecular quantum states.

Uematsu, Yoshihiko; Tachikawa, Maki; Tanaka, Yoshihito; Matsushima, Fusakazu; Shimizu, Tadao

1992-04-01

403

VIBRATION MEASUREMENTS IN A RHIC QUADRUPOLE AT CRYOGENIC TEMPERATURES.  

SciTech Connect

One of the concerns in using compact superconducting magnets in the final focus region of the ILC is the influence of the cryogen flow on the vibration characteristics. As a first step towards characterizing such motion at nanometer levels, a project was undertaken at BNL to measure the vibrations in a spare RHIC quadrupole under cryogenic conditions. Given the constraints of cryogenic operation, and limited space available, it was decided to use a dual head laser Doppler vibrometer for this work. The performance of the laser vibrometer was tested in a series of room temperature tests and compared with results from Mark L4 geophones. The laser system was then used to measure the vibration of the cold mass of the quadrupole with respect to the outside warm enclosure. These measurements were carried out both with and without the flow of cold helium through the magnet. The results indicate only a minor increase in motion in the horizontal direction (where the cold mass is relatively free to move).

JAIN, A.; AYDIN, S.; HE, P.; ANERELLA, M.; GANETIS, G.; HARRISON, M.; PARKER, B.; PLATE, S.

2005-10-17

404

High Reliability Prototype Quadrupole for the Next Linear Collider  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Next Linear Collider (NLC) will require over 5600 magnets, each of which must be highly reliable and/or quickly repairable in order that the NLC reach its 85/ overall availability goal. A multidiscipline engineering team was assembled at SLAC to develop a more reliable electromagnet design than historically had been achieved at SLAC. This team carried out a Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) on a standard SLAC quadrupole magnet system. They overcame a number of longstanding design prejudices, producing 10 major design changes. This paper describes how a prototype magnet was constructed and the extensive testing carried out on it to prove full functionality with an improvement in reliability. The magnet's fabrication cost will be compared to the cost of a magnet with the same requirements made in the historic SLAC way. The NLC will use over 1600 of these 12.7 mm bore quadrupoles with a range of integrated strengths from 0.6 to 132 Tesla, a maximum gradient of 135 Tesla per meter, an adjustment range of 0 to -20/ and core lengths from 324 mm to 972 mm. The magnetic center must remain stable to within 1 micron during the 20/ adjustment. A magnetic measurement set-up has been developed that can measure sub-micron shifts of a magnetic center. The prototype satisfied the center shift requirement over the full range of integrated strengths.

Spencer, C. M.

2001-01-01

405

Performance of a Nb(3)Sn Quadrupole Under High Stress  

E-print Network

Future upgrades of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will require large aperture and high gradient quadrupoles. Nb(3)Sn is the most viable option for this application but is also known for its strain sensitivity. In high field magnets, with magnetic fields above 12 T, the Lorentz forces will generate mechanical stresses that may exceed 200 MPa in the windings. The existing measurements of critical current versus strain of Nb(3)Sn strands or cables are not easily applicable to magnets. In order to investigate the impact of high mechanical stress on the quench performance, a series of tests was carried out within a LBNL/CERN collaboration using the magnet TQS03 (a LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) 1-meter long, 90-mm aperture Nb(3)Sn quadrupole). The magnet was tested four times at CERN under various pre-stress conditions. The average mechanical compressive azimuthal pre-stress on the coil at 4.2 K ranged from 120 MPa to 200 MPa. This paper reports on the magnet performance during the four tests focusing on...

Felice, H; Ferracin, P; De Rijk, G; Bajko, M; Caspi, S; Bingham, B; Giloux, C; Bordini, B; Milanese, A; Bottura, L; Sabbi, G L; Hafalia, R; Godeke, A; Dietderich, D

2011-01-01

406

Performance of Nb3Sn Quadrupole Under High Stress  

SciTech Connect

Future upgrades of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) will require large aperture and high gradient quadrupoles. Nb{sub 3}Sn is the most viable option for this application but is also known for its strain sensitivity. In high field magnets, with magnetic fields above 12 T, the Lorentz forces will generate mechanical stresses that may exceed 200 MPa in the windings. The existing measurements of critical current versus strain of Nb{sub 3}Sn strands or cables are not easily applicable to magnets. In order to investigate the impact of high mechanical stress on the quench performance, a series of tests was carried out within a LBNL/CERN collaboration using the magnet TQS03 (a LHC Accelerator Research Program (LARP) 1-meter long, 90-mm aperture Nb{sub 3}Sn quadrupole). The magnet was tested four times at CERN under various pre-stress conditions. The average mechanical compressive azimuthal pre-stress on the coil at 4.2 K ranged from 120 MPa to 200 MPa. This paper reports on the magnet performance during the four tests focusing on the relation between pre-stress conditions and the training plateau.

Felice, H.; Bajko, M.; Bingham, B.; Bordini, B.; Bottura, L.; Caspi, S.; Rijk, G. De; Dietderich, D.; Ferracin, P.; Giloux, C.; Godeke, A.; Hafalia, R.; Milanese, A.; Rossi, L.; Sabbi, G. L.

2010-08-01

407

Extracting the Omega- electric quadrupole moment from lattice QCD data  

SciTech Connect

The Omega- has an extremely long lifetime, and is the most stable of the baryons with spin 3/2. Therefore the Omega- magnetic moment is very accurately known. Nevertheless, its electric quadrupole moment was never measured, although estimates exist in different formalisms. In principle, lattice QCD simulations provide at present the most appropriate way to estimate the Omega- form factors, as function of the square of the transferred four-momentum, Q2, since it describes baryon systems at the physical mass for the strange quark. However, lattice QCD form factors, and in particular GE2, are determined at finite Q2 only, and the extraction of the electric quadrupole moment, Q_Omega= GE2(0) e/(2 M_Omega), involves an extrapolation of the numerical lattice results. In this work we reproduce the lattice QCD data with a covariant spectator quark model for Omega- which includes a mixture of S and two D states for the relative quark-diquark motion. Once the model is calibrated, it is used to determine Q_Omega. Our prediction is Q_Omega= (0.96 +/- 0.02)*10^(-2) efm2 [GE2(0)=0.680 +/- 0.012].

G. Ramalho, M.T. Pena

2011-03-01

408

Adjustable permanent quadrupoles for the next linear collider  

SciTech Connect

The proposed Next Linear Collider (NLC) will require over 1400 adjustable quadrupoles between the main linacs' accelerator structures. These 12.7 mm bore quadrupoles will have a range of integrated strength from 0.6 to 138 Tesla, with a maximum gradient of 141 Tesla per meter, an adjustment range of +0 to {minus}20% and effective lengths from 324 mm to 972 mm. The magnetic center must remain stable to within 1 micron during the 20% adjustment. In an effort to reduce costs and increase reliability, several designs using hybrid permanent magnets have been developed. Four different prototypes have been built. All magnets have iron poles and use Samarium Cobalt to provide the magnetic fields. Two use rotating permanent magnetic material to vary the gradient, one uses a sliding shunt to vary the gradient and the fourth uses counter rotating magnets. Preliminary data on gradient strength, temperature stability, and magnetic center position stability are presented. These data are compared to an equivalent electromagnetic prototype.

James T. Volk et al.

2001-06-22

409

Splitting of the giant monopole and quadrupole resonances in Sm-154  

E-print Network

- scribed in the text. The thick lines are the predictions of Abgrall et al. @8#, while the dashed line shows the prediction of Suzuki and Rowe @6#. 067302- roughly uniformly from Ex510? 25 MeV while the higher multipole strength ~the data does always... for the GQR splitting ~Kishimoto et al. @1#, Suzuki and Rowe @6#, Auerbach and Yeverechyahu @5#, and Zawischa, Speth and Pal @7#! do not agree with the data, generally predicting a much smaller splitting than observed. The strength distributions calculated...

Youngblood, David H.; Lui, YW; Clark, HL.

1999-01-01

410

Study of electric quadrupole interaction in non-cubic compounds of Ba and Mo  

Microsoft Academic Search

etc. , of the quadrupole coupling constant, e~_~2, and hence of the electric field gradient (efg) acting at the nuclear site responsible for the interaction provide d the quadrupole moment of the nuclear state is known. In general the efg at a nuclear site in a compound is given by eq = eqlat t (i - iYoo) + eq e

R. P. Sharma; M. B. Kurup; K. G. Prasad

1978-01-01

411

Effect of Large Quadrupole Interactions on Nuclear Radiofrequency Spectra at Twice Larmor Frequency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work of B. T. Feld and W. E. Lamb [Phys. Rev. 67, 15 (1945)] on the effect of a nuclear electrical quadrupole moment on the radiofrequency absorption spectrum of a heteronuclear diatomic molecule in a magnetic field is extended to a special case not considered by them. This is a case in which the electrical quadrupole interaction energy is

Norman F. Ramsey

1948-01-01

412

The quadrupole coupling constant of HNC. [hydrogen isocyanide hyperfine structure measurements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The letter reports resolved measurements of the quadrupole hyperfine structure of HNC (hydrogen isocyanide). These measurements were made in the direction of the cool interstellar dust cloud L134, and were used to make an experimental determination of a fundamental spectroscopic constant of HNC, its quadrupole coupling constant.

Snyder, L. E.; Hollis, J. M.; Buhl, D.

1977-01-01

413

Origin of Low-Energy Quadrupole Collectivity in Vibrational Nuclei H. Fujita,2,3  

E-print Network

Origin of Low-Energy Quadrupole Collectivity in Vibrational Nuclei C. Walz,1 H. Fujita,2,3 A is a separation of energy (respectively momentum) scales such that the high-energy degrees of freedom) energy scale. In the IBM the relevant low-energy degrees of freedom for the description of quadrupole

Ponomarev, Vladimir

414

Measuring the Magnetic Center Behavior of an ILC Superconducting Quadrupole Prototype  

SciTech Connect

The main linacs of the proposed International Linear Collider (ILC) consist of superconducting cavities operated at 2K. The accelerating cavities are contained in a contiguous series of cryogenic modules that also house the main linac quadrupoles, thus the quadrupoles also need to be superconducting. In an early ILC design, these magnets are about 0.6 m long, have cos (2{theta}) coils, and operate at constant field gradients up to 60 T/m. In order to preserve the small beam emittances in the ILC linacs, the e+ and e- beams need to traverse the quadrupoles near their magnetic centers. A quadrupole shunting technique is used to measure the quadrupole alignment with the beams; this process requires the magnetic centers move by no more than about 5 micrometers when their strength is changed. To determine if such tight stability is achievable in a superconducting quadrupole, we at SLAC measured the magnetic center motions in a prototype ILC quadrupole built at CIEMAT in Spain. A rotating coil technique was used with a better than 0.1 micrometer precision in the relative field center position, and less than a 2 micrometer systematic error over 30 minutes. This paper describes the warm-bore cryomodule that houses the quadrupole in its Helium vessel, the magnetic center measurement system, the measured center data and strength and harmonics magnetic data.

Spencer, Cherrill M.; Adolphsen, Chris; Berndt, Martin; Jensen, David R.; Rogers, Ron; Sheppard, John C.; Lorant, Steve St; Weber, Thomas B.; Weisend, John, II; /SLAC; Brueck, Heinrich; /DESY; Toral, Fernando; /Madrid, CIEMAT

2011-02-07

415

Development and application of an analytical method using gas chromatography/triple quadrupole mass spectrometry for  

E-print Network

Development and application of an analytical method using gas chromatography/triple quadrupole mass to the development of gas chromatography/triple quadrupole mass spectrometry methods that allow the identification estimated using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS).[7,10,11] The efficiency of GC/MS methods

Clement, Prabhakar

416

Quantitative analysis of sphingolipids for lipidomics using triple quadrupole and quadrupole linear ion trap mass spectrometers[S  

PubMed Central

Sphingolipids are a highly diverse category of bioactive compounds. This article describes methods that have been validated for the extraction, liquid chromatographic (LC) separation, identification and quantitation of sphingolipids by electrospray ionization, tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS) using triple quadrupole (QQQ, API 3000) and quadrupole-linear-ion trap (API 4000 QTrap, operating in QQQ mode) mass spectrometers. Advantages of the QTrap included: greater sensitivity, similar ionization efficiencies for sphingolipids with ceramide versus dihydroceramide backbones, and the ability to identify the ceramide backbone of sphingomyelins using a pseudo-MS3 protocol. Compounds that can be readily quantified using an internal standard cocktail developed by the LIPID MAPS Consortium are: sphingoid bases and sphingoid base 1-phosphates, more complex species such as ceramides, ceramide 1-phosphates, sphingomyelins, mono- and di-hexosylceramides, and these complex sphingolipids with dihydroceramide backbones. With minor modifications, glucosylceramides and galactosylceramides can be distinguished, and more complex species such as sulfatides can also be quantified, when the internal standards are available. JLR LC ESI-MS/MS can be utilized to quantify a large number of structural and signaling sphingolipids using commercially available internal standards. The application of these methods is illustrated with RAW264.7 cells, a mouse macrophage cell line. These methods should be useful for a wide range of focused (sphingo)lipidomic investigations. PMID:19036716

Shaner, Rebecca L.; Allegood, Jeremy C.; Park, Hyejung; Wang, Elaine; Kelly, Samuel; Haynes, Christopher A.; Sullards, M. Cameron; Merrill, Alfred H.

2009-01-01

417

Giant resonance in the total photoabsorption cross section of Z ~ 90 nuclei  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total photoabsorption cross sections of 232Th, 235U, 238U and 239Pu have been measured in the giant resonance region by the absorption method. Measured cross sections were approximated by two Lorentz lines. Lorentz line parameters, integrated cross sections, deformation parameters and quadrupole moments are given. The analysis of the nuclear optical anisotropy evolution with the increase of Z shows that Z

G. M. Gurevich; L. E. Lazareva; V. M. Mazur; G. V. Solodukhov; B. A. Tulupov

1976-01-01

418

Geophysical applications of nuclear resonant spectroscopy Wolfgang Sturhahn and Jennifer M. Jackson*  

E-print Network

and electronic environment like isomer shifts, quadrupole splittings, and magnetic fields, which provide important information on valence, spin state, and magnetic ordering. Both methods use a nuclear resonant composition, the elastic and transport properties, and the thermodynamic pa- rameters of materials identified

Jackson, Jennifer M.

419

39K Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in KMnF3 and Temperature Dependence of the Generalized Order Parameter at the Structural Phase Transition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 39K nuclear-magnetic-resonance spectrum in KMnF3 single crystal displays, below the structural phase transition at 186 癒, a second-order quadrupole shift of the central line superimposed to the magnetic hyperfine shift. From the analysis of the data the value of the quadrupole coupling constant below TC is derived and is shown to be proportional to the square of the rotational

F. Borsa

1973-01-01

420

Observation of Nuclear Resonance of Cu in Antiferromagnetic La2CuO4-delta and CuO  

Microsoft Academic Search

The zero-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) of Cu in the high-Tc related oxide, La2CuO4-delta, has been observed at 93.85 0.1 MHz for 63Cu and 100.1 0.1 MHz for 65Cu with well-articulated quadrupole splittings at 1.3 K. The resonance pattern is successfully analyzed as a result of the combined effect of a quadrupole coupling (coupling constant nuQ{=}31.9 MHz for 63Cu and

Toshinobu Tsuda; Tadashi Shimizu; Hiroshi Yasuoka; Kohji Kishio; Koichi Kitazawa

1988-01-01

421

A superconducting quadrupole magnet array for a heavy ion fusion driver  

SciTech Connect

A multi-channel quadrupole array has been proposed to increase beam intensity and reduce space charge effects in a Heavy Ion Fusion Driver. A single array unit composed of several quadrupole magnets, each with its own beam line, will be placed within a ferromagnetic accelerating core whose cost is directly affected by the array size. A large number of focusing arrays will be needed along the accelerating path. The use of a superconducting quadrupole magnet array will increase the field and reduce overall cost. We report here on the design of a compact 3 x 3 superconducting quadrupole magnet array. The overall array diameter and length including the cryostat is 900 x 700 mm. Each of the 9 quadrupole magnets has a 78 mm warm bore and an operating gradient of 50 T/m over an effective magnetic length of 320 mm.

Caspi, S.; Bangerter, r.; Chow, K.; Faltens, A.; Gourley, S.; Hinkins, R.; Gupta, R.; Lee, E.; McInturff, A.; Scanlan, R.; Taylor, C.; Wolgast, D.

2000-06-27

422

Miniature micromachined quadrupole mass spectrometer array and method of making the same  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention provides a quadrupole mass spectrometer and an ion filter for use in the quadrupole mass spectrometer. The ion filter includes a thin patterned layer including a two-dimensional array of poles forming one or more quadrupoles. The patterned layer design permits the use of very short poles and with a very dense spacing of the poles, so that the ion filter may be made very small. Also provided is a method for making the ion filter and the quadrupole mass spectrometer. The method involves forming the patterned layer of the ion filter in such a way that as the poles of the patterned layer are formed, they have the relative positioning and aligrnent for use in a final quadrupole mass spectrometer device.

Chutjian, Ara (Inventor); Hecht, Michael (Inventor); Orient, Otto (Inventor); Wiberg, Dean (Inventor); Brennen, Reid A. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

423

Miniature micromachined quadrupole mass spectrometer array and method of making the same  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention provides a quadrupole mass spectrometer and an ion filter for use in the quadrupole mass spectrometer. The ion filter includes a thin patterned layer including a two-dimensional array of poles forming one or more quadrupoles. The patterned layer design permits the use of very short poles and with a very dense spacing of the poles, so that the ion filter may be made very small. Also provided is a method for making the ion filter and the quadrupole mass spectrometer. The method involves forming the patterned layer of the ion filter in such a way that as the poles of the patterned layer are formed, they have the relative positioning and alignment for use in a final quadrupole mass spectrometer device.

Chutjian, Ara (Inventor); Hecht, Michael (Inventor); Orient, Otto (Inventor); Wiberg, Dean (Inventor); Brennen, Reid A. (Inventor)

2000-01-01

424

Miniature micromachined quadrupole mass spectrometer array and method of making the same  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention provides a quadrupole mass spectrometer and an ion filter for use in the quadrupole mass spectrometer. The ion filter includes a thin patterned layer including a two-dimensional array of poles forming one or more quadrupoles. The patterned layer design permits the use of very short poles and with a very dense spacing of the poles, so that the ion filter may be made very small. Also provided is a method for making the ion filter and the quadrupole mass spectrometer. The method involves forming the patterned layer of the ion filter in such a way that as the poles of the patterned layer are formed, they have the relative positioning and alignment for use in a final quadrupole mass spectrometer device.

Chutjian, Ara (Inventor); Hecht, Michael (Inventor); Orient, Otto (Inventor); Wiberg, Dean (Inventor); Brennen, Reid A. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

425

Miniature micromachined quadrupole mass spectrometer array and method of making the same  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention provides a quadrupole mass spectrometer and an ion filter, or pole array, for use in the quadrupole mass spectrometer. The ion filter includes a thin patterned layer including a two-dimensional array of poles forming one or more quadrupoles. The patterned layer design permits the use of very short poles and with a very dense spacing of the poles, so that the ion filter may be made very small. Also provided is a method for making the ion filter and the quadrupole mass spectrometer. The method involves forming the patterned layer of the ion filter in such a way that as the poles of the patterned layer are formed, they have the relative positioning and alignment for use in a final quadrupole mass spectrometer device.

Chutjian, Ara (Inventor); Fuerstenau, Stephen D. (Inventor); Orient, Otto J. (Inventor); Yee, Karl Y. (Inventor); Rice, John T. (Inventor)

2000-01-01

426

Miniature micromachined quadrupole mass spectrometer array and method of making the same  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The present invention provides a quadrupole mass spectrometer and an ion filter, or pole array, for use in the quadrupole mass spectrometer. The ion filter includes a thin patterned layer including a two-dimensional array of poles forming one or more quadrupoles. The patterned layer design permits the use of very short poles and with a very dense spacing of the poles, so that the ion filter may be made very small. Also provided is a method for making the ion filter and the quadrupole mass spectrometer. The method involves forming the patterned layer of the ion filter in such a way that as the poles of the patterned layer are formed, they have the relative positioning and alignment for use in a final quadrupole mass spectrometer device.

Chutjian, Ara (Inventor); Fuerstenau, Stephen D. (Inventor); Orient, Otto J. (Inventor); Yee, Karl Y. (Inventor); Rice, John T. (Inventor)

2001-01-01

427

Auxiliary Frequency Parametric Excitation of Quadrupole Mass Spectrometers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The apparatus introduces a second adjustable resonant point in a QMS at a frequency that is close to a multiple of the fundamental frequency by adjusting driving point impedance characteristics of the QMS. The apparatus measures the first and second resonant point of the QMS to account for changes in the operational characteristics of the QMS.

Gershman, Daniel (Inventor); Block, Bruce (Inventor); Rubin, Martin (Inventor); Zurbuchen, Thomas (Inventor)

2013-01-01

428

COMPENSATION OF FAST KICKER ROLLS WITH SKEW QUADRUPOLES  

SciTech Connect

The development of the third generation light sources lead to the implementation of the top-up operation, when injection occurs while users collect data. The beam excursions due to the non-closure of the injection bump can spoil the data and need to be suppressed. In the horizontal plane compensation can be achieved by adjusting timing and kick amplitudes. The rolls of the kicker magnets create non-closure in the vertical plane and usually there is no means for correction. In the paper we describe proposed compensation scheme utilizing two skew quadrupoles placed inside the injection bump. The third generation light sources implement top-up operation firstly introduced at Advanced Photon Source. In this mode the circulating beam current is supported near constant by frequent injection of small charge, while photon beam is delivered for users. The beam perturbations caused by the mismatched injection bump can provide undesired noise in the user data. Usually the injection trigger is distributed to the users end stations so that those affected would be able to blank data acquisition. Nevertheless, as good operational practice such transients should be suppressed as much as possible. In the horizontal plane (which is commonly used for injection) one can adjust individual kicker strength as well as trigger delay while observing motion of the stored beam centroid. In the vertical plane such means are unavailable in the most cases. The possible solutions include dedicated weak vertical kickers and motorized adjustment of the roll angle of the injection kickers. Both abovementioned approaches are expensive and can significantly deteriorate reliability. We suggest two employ two skew quadrupoles (to correct both angle and position) placed inside the injection bump. In this case the beam position itself serves as measure of the kicker strength (assuming that kickers are well matched) and vertical kicks from the skew quadrupoles will be self synchronized with injection bump. In this paper we will consider the case when injection hardware (kickers and septa) are located in the same straight. Such an approach simplifies consideration but it can be generalized.

Pinayev, I.

2011-03-28

429

Magnetic resonance cell  

SciTech Connect

There is disclosed a nuclear magnetic alignment device for use in a nuclear magnetic resonance gyroscope and the like. One embodiment includes a container for gas having a layer of rubidium hydride on its inner surface. The container comprising a spherical portion and a tip portion, is rotationally symmetric about an axis of symmetry. Enclosed within the container is a nuclear moment gas having a nuclear electric quadrupole moment, such as xenon-131, and an optically pumpable substance, such as rubidium. A portion of the rubidium is a vapor. The remainder is a condensed pellet which is deposited in the tip of the container such that the pellet is also rotationally symmetric about the axis of symmetry of the container. A layer of rubidium hydride is deposited on the inner surface of the container. The device further includes means for orienting the symmetry axis of the container at an angle to an applied magnetic field such that the relaxation time constant of the aligned nuclear moment gas is substantially at a maximum.

Kwon, T.M.; Volk, C.H.

1984-05-01

430

A Cryogenic Test Stand for LHC Quadrupole Magnets  

SciTech Connect

A new test stand for testing LHC interaction region (IR) quadrupole magnets at the Fermilab Magnet Test Facility has been designed and operated. The test stand uses a double bath system with a lambda plate to provide the magnet with a stagnant bath of pressurized He II at 1.9 K and 0.13 MPa. A cryostated magnet 0.91 m in diameter and up to 13 m in length can be accommodated. This paper describes the system design and operation. Issues related to both 4.5 K and 1.9 K operations and magnet quenching are highlighted. An overview of the data acquisition and cryogenics controls systems is also included.

Carcagno, R.H.; Huang, Y.; Orris, D.F.; Peterson, T.J.; Rabehl, R.J. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Illinois, 60510 (United States)

2004-06-23

431

Thermal noise in aqueous quadrupole micro- and nano-traps  

PubMed Central

Recent simulations and experiments with aqueous quadrupole micro-traps have confirmed a possibility for control and localization of motion of a charged particle in a water environment, also predicting a possibility of further reduction of the trap size to tens of nano-meters for trapping charged bio-molecules and DNA segments. We study the random thermal noise due to Brownian motion in water which significantly influences the trapping of particles in an aqueous environment. We derive the exact, closed-form expressions for the thermal fluctuations of position and velocity of a trapped particle and thoroughly examine the properties of the rms for the fluctuations as functions of the system parameters and time. The instantaneous signal transferring mechanism between the velocity and position fluctuations could not be achieved in the previous phase-average approaches. PMID:22369362

2012-01-01

432

Quasiclassical description of bremsstrahlung accompanying {alpha} decay including quadrupole radiation  

SciTech Connect

We present a quasiclassical theory of {alpha} decay accompanied by bremsstrahlung with a special emphasis on the case of {sup 210}Po, with the aim of finding a unified description that incorporates both the radiation during the tunneling through the Coulomb wall and the finite energy E{sub {gamma}} of the radiated photon up to E{sub {gamma}}{approx}Q{sub {alpha}}/{radical}({eta}), where Q{sub {alpha}} is the {alpha}-decay Q-value and {eta} is the Sommerfeld parameter. The corrections with respect to previous quasiclassical investigations are found to be substantial, and excellent agreement with a full quantum mechanical treatment is achieved. Furthermore, we find that a dipole-quadrupole interference significantly changes the {alpha}-{gamma} angular correlation. We obtain good agreement between our theoretical predictions and experimental results.

Jentschura, U. D. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Institut fuer Theoretische Physik, Philosophenweg 16, D-69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Milstein, A. I.; Terekhov, I. S. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, RU-630090 Novosibirsk (Russian Federation); Boie, H.; Scheit, H.; Schwalm, D. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg (Germany)

2008-01-15

433

Quadrupole moment of the first excited state of 136Ba  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The static electric quadrupole moment Q(2+1) of the first excited state of 136Ba and the reduced transition probability B(E20+1-->2+1) have been measured using the reorientation effect in Coulomb excitation. It is found that Q(2+1)=-0.19+/-0.06 (+0.07+/-0.07) e b and B(E20+1-->2+1) =0.419+/-0.004 (0.417+/-0.004) e2b2 for constructive (destructive) interference involving the second 2+ state. These results agree well with one of the previous measurements of these quantities, but disagree markedly with another which is of similar precision to the present work.

Rothschild, P. J.; Baxter, A. M.; Burnett, S. M.; Fewell, M. P.; Gyapong, G. J.; Spear, R. H.

1986-08-01

434

Dipole and electric quadrupole excitations in 40,48Ca  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photon scattering experiments have been performed to investigate the structure of the two doubly magic nuclei 40,48Ca. The method is highly selective to induce low-order multipole transitions, i.e., E1, M1, and E2 from the ground state. We determined the energies and spins of excited states and the absolute strengths of the ? decays in a model independent way. We find the summed electric dipole strengths below 10 MeV to exhaust the energy weighted sum rule by 0.023 and 0.27 %, respectively. The summed electric quadrupole strengths are ?B(E2)?=332 e2 fm4 and 407 e2 fm4 for 40Ca and 48Ca, respectively. In order to explain the difference in the E1 strengths of the two isotopes several theoretical models are discussed.

Hartmann, T.; Enders, J.; Mohr, P.; Vogt, K.; Volz, S.; Zilges, A.

2002-03-01

435

Design and fabrication of the BNL radio frequency quadrupole  

SciTech Connect

The Brookhaven National Laboratory polarized H/sup -/ injection program for the AGS will utilize a Radio Frequency Quadrupole for acceleration between the polarized source and the Alvarez Linac. Although operation will commence with a few ..mu.. amperes of H/sup -/ current, it is anticipated that future polarized H/sup -/ sources will have a considerably improved output. The RFQ will operate at 201.25 MHz and will be capable of handling a beam current of 0.02 amperes with a duty cycle of 0.25%. The resulting low average power has allowed novel solutions to the problems of vane alignment, rf current contacts, and removal of heat from the vanes. The cavity design philosophy will be discussed together with the thermodynamics of heat removal from the vane. Details of the fabrication will be presented with a status report.

McKenzie-Wilson, R.B.

1983-01-01

436

Covariant Spectator Theory of np scattering: Deuteron Quadrupole Moment  

DOE PAGESBeta

The deuteron quadrupole moment is calculated using two CST model wave functions obtained from the 2007 high precision fits to $np$ scattering data. Included in the calculation are a new class of isoscalar $np$ interaction currents automatically generated by the nuclear force model used in these fits. The prediction for model WJC-1, with larger relativistic P-state components, is $2.5\\%$ smaller that the experiential result, in common with the inability of models prior to 2014 to predict this important quantity. However, model WJC-2, with very small P-state components, gives agreement to better than 1\\%, similar to the results obtained recently from $\\chi$EFT predictions to order N$^3$LO.

Gross, Franz

2015-01-01

437

Plasma-beam traps and radiofrequency quadrupole beam coolers  

SciTech Connect

Two linear trap devices for particle beam manipulation (including emittance reduction, cooling, control of instabilities, dust dynamics, and non-neutral plasmas) are here presented, namely, a radiofrequency quadrupole (RFQ) beam cooler and a compact Penning trap with a dust injector. Both beam dynamics studies by means of dedicated codes including the interaction of the ions with a buffer gas (up to 3 Pa pressure), and the electromagnetic design of the RFQ beam cooler are reported. The compact multipurpose Penning trap is aimed to the study of multispecies charged particle samples, primarily electron beams interacting with a background gas and/or a micrometric dust contaminant. Using a 0.9 T solenoid and an electrode stack where both static and RF electric fields can be applied, both beam transport and confinement operations will be available. The design of the apparatus is presented.

Maggiore, M., E-mail: mario.maggiore@lnl.infn.it; Cavenago, M.; Comunian, M.; Chirulotto, F.; Galat, A.; De Lazzari, M.; Porcellato, A. M.; Roncolato, C.; Stark, S. [INFN-LNL, viale dell扷niversit 2, 35020 Legnaro (Italy)] [INFN-LNL, viale dell扷niversit 2, 35020 Legnaro (Italy); Caruso, A.; Longhitano, A. [INFN-LNS, via S. Sofia 54, 95123 Catania (Italy)] [INFN-LNS, via S. Sofia 54, 95123 Catania (Italy); Cavaliere, F.; Maero, G.; Paroli, B.; Pozzoli, R.; Rom, M. [INFN Sezione di Milano and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy)] [INFN Sezione di Milano and Dipartimento di Fisica, Universit degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 16, 20133 Milano (Italy)

2014-02-15

438

Plasma-beam traps and radiofrequency quadrupole beam coolers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two linear trap devices for particle beam manipulation (including emittance reduction, cooling, control of instabilities, dust dynamics, and non-neutral plasmas) are here presented, namely, a radiofrequency quadrupole (RFQ) beam cooler and a compact Penning trap with a dust injector. Both beam dynamics studies by means of dedicated codes including the interaction of the ions with a buffer gas (up to 3 Pa pressure), and the electromagnetic design of the RFQ beam cooler are reported. The compact multipurpose Penning trap is aimed to the study of multispecies charged particle samples, primarily electron beams interacting with a background gas and/or a micrometric dust contaminant. Using a 0.9 T solenoid and an electrode stack where both static and RF electric fields can be applied, both beam transport and confinement operations will be available. The design of the apparatus is presented.

Maggiore, M.; Cavenago, M.; Comunian, M.; Chirulotto, F.; Galat, A.; De Lazzari, M.; Porcellato, A. M.; Roncolato, C.; Stark, S.; Caruso, A.; Longhitano, A.; Cavaliere, F.; Maero, G.; Paroli, B.; Pozzoli, R.; Rom, M.

2014-02-01

439

Degradation studies of Fermilab low beta quadrupole cable  

SciTech Connect

The production of high gradient superconducting quadrupoles for the Tevatron D0/B0 Low Beta insertion is currently underway at Fermilab. The two-shell design utilizes a 36-strand Rutherford style cable produced by Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. A measure of cable quality is usually given by a comparison of the critical current of the cable with the sum of the critical currents of the strand. A recent study involving variations in the cabling conditions and dimensional parameters has resulted in a significant decrease in degradation. Over the period of cable production degradation has been reduced from an average of 12% to less than 4%. Some cable samples measured by Brookhaven National Laboratory exhibit Jc's in excess of 3100 A/mm{sup 2} 5T. The adjustments to the cabling procedure which are believed to be responsible for the reduction in Jc degradation will be discussed. 14 refs., 3 figs.

Gourlay, S.A. (Fermi National Accelerator Lab., Batavia, IL (USA)); Garber, M. (Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (USA)); Royet, J.; Scanlon, R.M. (Lawrence Berkeley Lab., CA (USA))

1990-10-01

440

Propagation Hanle effect of quadrupole polaritons in Cu2O  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The generalized theory of the Hanle effect is developed for the case of propagation quantum beats. Time-integrated quantum beats of two polariton wave packets with the same group velocities and polarizations belonging to two different Zeeman components in Voigt geometry of the quadrupole-active ortho-exciton (Gamma) 5+ level in Cu2O crystal gives rise to the propagation Hanle effect. It is characterized by a quasiresonant dependence of the emitted light intensity on the magnetic field strength, as well as by a supplementary periodic dependence with the period inverse proportional to the sample thickness. The developed theory with the account of the effective propagation way explains recent experimental results published by Kono and Nagasawa.

Moskalenko, S. A.; Liberman, M. A.

2002-05-01

441

Plasma-beam traps and radiofrequency quadrupole beam coolers.  

PubMed

Two linear trap devices for particle beam manipulation (including emittance reduction, cooling, control of instabilities, dust dynamics, and non-neutral plasmas) are here presented, namely, a radiofrequency quadrupole (RFQ) beam cooler and a compact Penning trap with a dust injector. Both beam dynamics studies by means of dedicated codes including the interaction of the ions with a buffer gas (up to 3 Pa pressure), and the electromagnetic design of the RFQ beam cooler are reported. The compact multipurpose Penning trap is aimed to the study of multispecies charged particle samples, primarily electron beams interacting with a background gas and/or a micrometric dust contaminant. Using a 0.9 T solenoid and an electrode stack where both static and RF electric fields can be applied, both beam transport and confinement operations will be available. The design of the apparatus is presented. PMID:24593614

Maggiore, M; Cavenago, M; Comunian, M; Chirulotto, F; Galat, A; De Lazzari, M; Porcellato, A M; Roncolato, C; Stark, S; Caruso, A; Longhitano, A; Cavaliere, F; Maero, G; Paroli, B; Pozzoli, R; Rom, M

2014-02-01

442

Covariant spectator theory of n p scattering: Deuteron quadrupole moment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The deuteron quadrupole moment is calculated using two covariant spectator theory model wave functions obtained from the 2007 high-precision fits to n p scattering data. Included in the calculation are a new class of isoscalar n p interaction currents automatically generated by the nuclear force model used in these fits. The prediction for model WJC-1, with larger relativistic P -state components, is 2.5 % smaller than the experimental result, in common with the inability of models prior to 2014 to predict this important quantity. However, model WJC-2, with very small P -state components, gives agreement to better than 1%, similar to the results obtained recently from chiral effective field theory predictions to next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order.

Gross, Franz

2015-01-01

443

Restoring the skew quadrupole moment in the Tevatron dipoles  

SciTech Connect

In early 2003 it was realized that mechanical changes in the Tevatron dipoles had led to a deterioration of the magnetic field quality that was hindering operation of the accelerator. After extensive study, a remediation program was started in late 2003 that will continue through 2005. The mechanical and magnetic effects are discussed. The readjustment process and experience are reported, along with other observations on aging magnets. In January 2003 two lines of inquiry converged, leading to the recognition that the severe betatron coupling that was hindering operation of the Tevatron could be explained by a systematic shift on the skew quadrupole field in the dipole magnets of the same size expected from observed mechanical movement of the coils inside the magnet yokes [1]. This paper reports on subsequent magnet studies that were conducted in parallel with additional beam studies and accelerator modeling [2] exploring the feasibility of the eventual remediation effort [3].

Harding, D.J.; Bauer, P.C.; Blowers, J.N.; DiMarco, J.; Glass, H.D.; Hanft, R.W.; Carson, J.A.; Robotham, W.F.; Tartaglia, M.A.; Tompkins, J.C.; Velev, G.; /Fermilab

2005-05-01

444

Investigation of a quadrupole ultra-high vacuum ion pump  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The new nonmagnetic ion pump resembles the quadrupole ionization gage. The dimensions are larger, and hyperbolically shaped electrodes replace the four rods. Their surfaces follow y sq. = 36 + x sq. (x, y in centimeters). The electrodes, 55 cm long, are positioned lengthwise in a tube. At one end a cathode emits electrons; at the other end a narrowly wound flat spiral of tungsten clad with titanium on cathode potential can be heated for titanium evaporation. Electrons accelerated by a dc potential of the surface electrodes oscillate between the ends on rotational trajectories, if a high frequency potential superimposed on the dc potential is properly adjusted. Pumping speeds (4-100 liter/sec) for different gases at different peak voltages (1000-3000V) at corresponding frequencies (57-100 MHz), and at different pressures 0.00001 to the minus 9 power Torr were observed. The lowest pressure reached was below 10 to the minus 10 power Torr.

Schwarz, H. J.

1974-01-01

445

New table of recommended nuclear electric quadrupole moments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new Table of Recommended Nuclear Electric Quadrupole Moments has been prepared and published by the Nuclear Data Section of the IAEA, Vienna Stone (2013). The main feature of the new Table is the adoption, wherever possible, of the best available calculation of the electric field gradient (efg), required to extract the moment from the measured quantity in most measurement methods. All original results have been normalized to take account of differences between the efg used in the original publication and the adopted value. The aim of the new table is to provide a standard reference in which the value given for each moment is the best available and for which full provenance is given.

Stone, N. J.

2015-01-01

446

Proton resonance for oscillating field of the order of static magnetic field.  

PubMed

A spin decoupling method in nuclear quadrupole resonance spin echo experiment is used to detect the proton magnetic resonance absorption spectrum. The behavior of proton resonance in alpha phase of polycrystalline p-dichlorobenzene as a function of the intensity of the proton decoupling oscillating field (H(2)) is measured. Good agreement between the experimental resonance frequency and Shirley's theory for a non-interacting 1/2 spin system is observed. To our knowledge this is the first time the NMR proton frequency dependence on linear polarized excitation field intensity for H(2)/H(o) as high as 1.8 is measured. PMID:20207179

Schurrer, Clemar; P閞ez, Silvina; Wolfenson, Alberto

2010-05-01

447

Optical resonator  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The invention discloses a semi-ring Fabry-Perot (SRFP) optical resonator structure comprising a medium including an edge forming a reflective facet and a waveguide within the medium, the waveguide having opposing ends formed by the reflective facet. The performance of the SRFP resonator can be further enhanced by including a Mach-Zehnder interferometer in the waveguide on one side of the gain medium. The optical resonator can be employed in a variety of optical devices. Laser structures using at least one SRFP resonator are disclosed where the resonators are disposed on opposite sides of a gain medium. Other laser structures employing one or more resonators on one side of a gain region are also disclosed.

Taghavi-Larigani, Shervin (Inventor); Vanzyl, Jakob J. (Inventor); Yariv, Amnon (Inventor)

2006-01-01

448

Temperature and angular momentum dependence of the quadrupole deformation in sd-shell  

E-print Network

Temperature and angular momentum dependence of the quadrupole deformation is studied in the middle of the sd-shell for 28Si and 27Si isotopes using the spherical shell model approach. The shell model calculations have been performed using the standard USD interaction and the canonical partition function constructed from the calculated eigen-solutions. It is shown that the extracted average quadrupole moments show a transitional behavior as a function of temperature and the inferred transitional temperature is shown to vary with angular-momentum. The quadrupole deformation of the individual eigen-states is also analyzed.

P. A. Ganai; J. A. Sheikh; I. Maqbool; R. P. Singh

2009-06-16

449

The effect of vacancy ordering on quadrupole shifts in M鰏sbauer spectra of maghemite.  

PubMed

Electric field gradient (EFG) lattice sums for the vacancy-disordered and vacancy-ordered forms of maghemite were evaluated using a point charge model. The calculated EFGs produced a wide range of magnitudes and principal directions for the quadrupole interaction for both forms of maghemite. Small perturbations of the crystallographic parameters were shown to have a significant effect on the quadrupole shift. The effects observed were significant enough to show that quadrupole shifts should be considered when fitting the M鰏sbauer spectra of maghemite. PMID:21493972

Spiers, K M; Paganin, D M; Cashion, J D

2011-05-01

450

Laser-induced acoustic desorption coupled with a linear quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer.  

PubMed

In recent years, laser-induced acoustic desorption (LIAD) coupled with a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometer has been demonstrated to provide a valuable technique for the analysis of a wide variety of nonvolatile, thermally labile compounds, including analytes that could not previously be analyzed by mass spectrometry. Although FT-ICR instruments are very powerful, they are also large and expensive and, hence, mainly used as research instruments. In contrast, linear quadrupole ion trap (LQIT) mass spectrometers are common due to several qualities that make these instruments attractive for both academic and industrial settings, such as high sensitivity, large dynamic range, and experimental versatility. Further, the relatively small size of the instruments, comparatively low cost, and the lack of a magnetic field provide some distinct advantages over FT-ICR instruments. Hence, we have coupled the LIAD technique with a commercial LQIT, the Thermo Fischer Scientific LTQ mass spectrometer. The LQIT was modified for a LIAD probe by outfitting the removable back plate of the instrument with a 6 in. ConFlat flange (CFF) port, gate valve, and sample lock. Reagent ions were created using the LQIT's atmospheric pressure ionization source and trapped in the mass analyzer for up to 10 s to allow chemical ionization reactions with the neutral molecules desorbed via LIAD. These initial experiments focused on demonstrating the feasibility of performing LIAD in the LQIT. Hence, the results are compared to those obtained using an FT-ICR mass spectrometer. Despite the lower efficiency in the transfer of desorbed neutral molecules into the ion trap, and the smaller maximum number of available laser pulses, the intrinsically higher sensitivity of the LQIT resulted in a higher sensitivity relative to the FT-ICR. PMID:20000769

Habicht, Steven C; Amundson, Lucas M; Duan, Penggao; Vinueza, Nelson R; Kentt鋗aa, Hilkka I

2010-01-15

451

Isoscalar giant resonances in 208Pb-in particular 2ℏomega L=0, 2, 4, and 6 excitations-studied in small angle alpha scattering  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inelastic excitation of giant resonances has been studied in 172 MeV alpha scattering from 208Pb at scattering angles of 1.5-8. Fine structures in the region of the giant monopole and quadrupole resonances indicate multipolarities also different from L=0 and 2. The isoscalar L=0 and 2 strengths in the giant resonance region yield (90+\\/-20)% and (70+\\/-20)% of the corresponding energy weighted

H. P. Morsch; P. Decowski; M. Rogge; P. Turek; L. Zemlo; S. A. Martin; G. P. Berg; W. H黵limann; J. Meissburger; J. G. R鰉er

1983-01-01

452

Extended bodies in a Kerr spacetime: exploring the role of a general quadrupole tensor  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The equatorial motion of extended bodies in a Kerr spacetime is investigated in the framework of the Mathisson-Papapetrou-Dixon model, including the full set of effective components of the quadrupole tensor. The numerical integration of the associated equations shows the specific role of the mass and current quadrupole moment components. While most of the literature on this topic is limited to spin-induced (purely electric) quadrupole tensor, the present analysis highlights the effect of a completely general quadrupole tensor on the dynamics. The contribution of the magnetic-type components is indeed related to a number of interesting features, e.g., enhanced inward/outward spiraling behavior of the orbit and spin-flip-like effects, which may have observational counterparts. Finally, the validity limit of the Mathisson-Papapetrou-Dixon model is also discussed through explicit examples.

Bini, Donato; Geralico, Andrea

2014-04-01

453

Design and operation of a laminar-flow electrostatic-quadrupole-focused acceleration column  

SciTech Connect

This report deals with the design principles involved in the design of a laminar-flow electrostatic-quadrupole-focused acceleration column. In particular, attention will be paid to making the parameters suitable for incorporation into a DC MEQALAC design.

Maschke, A.W.

1983-06-20

454

DEVELOPMENT AND TEST OF COLLARING METHODS FOR Nb{sub 3}SN QUADRUPOLE MAGNETS  

SciTech Connect

Fermilab is developing Nb{sub 3}Sn quadrupole magnets for the planned upgrade of interaction regions of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Two distinctly different approaches have been employed, one using quadrupole-symmetric and one using dipole-symmetric collar laminations. This paper describes the design features of both collar types, collaring techniques for brittle Nb{sub 3}Sn coils, and compares the advantages and disadvantages of the two approaches. Results of mechanical analysis for quadrupoles based on dipole-type and quadrupole-type collars are presented. Magnet construction issues and test results are reported. Test results include coil and component strain measurements during construction. Plans for the completion and test of the first dipole-symmetric assembly are described.

Bossert, R.; Ambrosio, G.; Andreev, N.; Chlachidze, G.; Kashikhin, V. V.; Lamm, M.; Nobrega, F.; Novitski, I.; Tartaglia, M.; Yu, M.; Zlobin, A. V. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, Il. 60510 (United States)

2010-04-09

455

A modified quadrupole mass spectrometer with custom RF link rods driver for remote operation  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A commercial quadrupole residual gas analyzer system has been upgraded for operation at extended cable lengths. Operation inside a vacuum chamber for the standard quadrupole nude head is limited to approximately 2 m from its externally located rf/dc generator because of the detuning of the rf oscillator circuits by the coaxial cable reactance. The advance of long distance remote operation inside a vacuum chamber for distances of 45 and 60 m was made possible without altering the quadrupole's rf/dc generator circuit by employing an rf link to drive the quadrupole rods. Applications of the system have been accomplished for in situ space simulation thermal/vacuum testing of sophisticated payloads.

Tashbar, P. W.; Nisen, D. B.; Moore, W. W., Jr.

1973-01-01

456

Photoionization of Ca 4s in a spherical attractive well potential: dipole, quadrupole and relativistic effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A study of the outer 4s subshell of the Ca atom in a spherical attractive potential well (SAW) of variable depth is performed to determine the effect of an external potential on dipole (E1) and quadrupole (E2) photoionization processes. As the depth of the potential well increases, dramatic changes are observed in the 4s cross-section, as well as in the photoelectron angular distribution. The existence of Cooper minima in the 4s dipole channels give rise to very significant effects of quadrupole interactions, even at extremely low energies, in the vicinity of the E1 Cooper minimum. It is shown that the entrapment of Ca in a spherical attractive well (Ca@SAW) further enhances the importance of quadrupole interactions determining the photoionization parameters. The complicated behavior of both dipole and quadrupole Cooper minima, as functions of well depth, is delineated, along with the importance of relativistic effects.

Kumar, Ashish; Varma, Hari R.; Pradhan, Gagan B.; Deshmukh, Pranawa C.; Manson, Steven T.

2014-09-01

457

Set Up and Test Results for a Vibrating Wire System for Quadrupole Fiducialization  

SciTech Connect

Quadrupoles will be placed between the undulator segments in LCLS to keep the electron beam focused as it passes through. The quadrupoles will be assembled with their respective undulator segments prior to being placed into the tunnel. Beam alignment will be used to center the quadrupoles, along with the corresponding undulators, on the beam. If there is any displacement between the undulator and the quadrupole axes in the assemblies, the beam will deviate from the undulator axis. If it deviates by more than 80{micro}m in vertical or 140{micro}m in horizontal directions, the undulator will not perform as required by LCLS. This error is divided between three sources: undulator axis fiducialization, quadrupole magnetic axis fiducialization, and assembly of the two parts. In particular, it was calculated that the quadrupole needs to be fiducialized to within 25{micro}m in both vertical and horizontal directions. A previous study suggested using a vibrating wire system for finding the magnetic axis of a quadrupole. The study showed that the method has high sensitivity (up to 1{micro}m) and laid out guidelines for constructing it. There are 3 steps in fiducializing the quadrupole with the vibrating wire system. They are positioning the wire at the magnet center (step 1), finding the wire with position detectors (step 2), and finding the quadrupole tooling ball positions relative to the position detector tooling balls (step 3). The following break up of error was suggested for the fiducialization steps: 10{micro}m for step 1 (finding the center), 20{micro}m for step 2 (finding the wire), and 10{micro}m for step 3 (tooling ball measurements). The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the vibrating wire system meets the requirements for LCLS. In particular, if it can reliably fiducialize a quadrupole magnetic center to within 25{micro}m in both vertical and horizontal directions. The behavior of individual system components is compared to the expected performance. A vibrating wire system was constructed to fiducialize the quadrupoles between undulator segments in the LCLS. This note studies the ability of the system to fulfill the fiducialization requirements.

Levashov, Michael Y.

2010-12-01

458

Set Up and Test Results for a Vibrating Wire System for Quadrupole Fiducialization  

SciTech Connect

Quadrupoles will be placed between the undulator segments in LCLS to keep the electron beam focused as it passes through. The quadrupoles will be assembled with their respective undulator segments prior to being placed into the tunnel. Beam alignment will be used to center the quadrupoles, along with the corresponding undulators, on the beam. If there is any displacement between the undulator and the quadrupole axes in the assemblies, the beam will deviate from the undulator axis. If it deviates by more than 80{micro}m in vertical or 140{micro}m in horizontal directions, the undulator will not perform as required by LCLS. This error is divided between three sources: undulator axis fiducialization, quadrupole magnetic axis fiducialization, and assembly of the two parts. In particular, it was calculated that the quadrupole needs to be fiducialized to within 25{micro}m in both vertical and horizontal directions. A previous study suggested using a vibrating wire system for finding the magnetic axis of a quadrupole. The study showed that the method has high sensitivity (up to 1{micro}m) and laid out guidelines for constructing it. There are 3 steps in fiducializing the quadrupole with the vibrating wire system. They are positioning the wire at the magnet center (step 1), finding the wire with position detectors (step 2), and finding the quadrupole tooling ball positions relative to the position detector tooling balls (step 3). The following break up of error was suggested for the fiducialization steps: 10{micro}m for step 1 (finding the center), 20{micro}m for step 2 (finding the wire), and 10{micro}m for step 3 (tooling ball measurements). The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the vibrating wire system meets the requirements for LCLS. In particular, if it can reliably fiducialize a quadrupole magnetic center to within 25{micro}m in both vertical and horizontal directions. The behavior of individual system components is compared to the expected performance. A vibrating wire system was constructed to fiducialize the quadrupoles between undulator segments in the LCLS. This note studies the ability of the system to fulfill the fiducialization requirements.

Not Available

2010-11-29

459

In-plane hole density in ,,Ca0.1La0.9...,,Ba1.65La0.35...Cu3Oy: Nuclear resonance study over the full doping range  

E-print Network

the average nuclear quadrupole resonance frequency Q and its second moment Q, both set by the in-plane hole is the dome- shaped curve of the Tc versus doping, divided by an optimal doping point, and different resonance NMR measurements. The Cu, with its spin 3/2 nuclei, is directly coupled to charge degrees

Keren, Amit

460

Low CMB quadrupole from dark energy isocurvature perturbations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We explicate the origin of the temperature quadrupole in the adiabatic dark energy model and explore the mechanism by which scale invariant isocurvature dark energy perturbations can lead to its sharp suppression. The model requires anticorrelated curvature and isocurvature fluctuations and is favored by the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe data at about the 95% confidence level in a flat scale invariant model. In an inflationary context, the anticorrelation may be established if the curvature fluctuations originate from a variable decay rate of the inflaton; such models however tend to overpredict gravitational waves. This isocurvature model can in the future be distinguished from alternatives involving a reduction in large scale power or modifications to the sound speed of the dark energy through the polarization and its cross correlation with the temperature. The isocurvature model retains the same polarization fluctuations as its adiabatic counterpart but reduces the correlated temperature fluctuations. We present a pedagogical discussion of dark energy fluctuations in a quintessence and k-essence context in the Appendix.

Gordon, Christopher; Hu, Wayne

2004-10-01

461

Development of a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because of its potential to be made portable the quadrupole ion trap (QPIT) is a prime candidate for specialized applications such as atmospheric studies, other field measurements, or measurements anywhere a laboratory instrument would be prohibitively inconvenient. To utilize the QPIT in such ways it is necessary to design and construct custom built instruments. A QPIT mass spectrometer was constructed as the foundation for such future development. Two ionization schemes were employed. Direct electron bombardment was used for in situ ion production, and UV photoionization was used to produce ions external to the trap. Calibration measurements determined that the system performed as theory dictated. It was also demonstrated that the system was capable of sampling the atmosphere and detecting the presence of an atmospheric contaminant. Finally, DC bias foils were invented as a novel approach to mass isolation in the trap. The use of DC bias foils was demonstrated to be an exceptionally easy and inexpensive method of controlling the contents of the QPIT.

Hebert, Joseph Ellis

462

Conceptual design of large-bore superconducting quadrupoles with active magnetic shielding for the AHF  

SciTech Connect

The Advanced Hydrotest Facility, under study by LANL, uses large-bore superconducting quadrupole magnets. In the paper we discuss the conceptual design of such quadrupoles using active shielding. The magnets are specified to achieve gradients of up to 24 T/m with a 28-cm warm bore and to have 0.01% field quality. Concepts for quench protection and the magnet cryosystems are also briefly discussed to confirm the viability of the proposed design.

Vladimir Kashikhin et al.

2003-06-09

463

Quadrupole interaction of technetium-99 nuclei in polycrystalline KTcO/sub 4/  

SciTech Connect

A polycrystalline KTcO/sub 4/ specimen was studied by /sup 99/Tc NMR in the temperature range of -50 to 200/sup 0/C to determine the value of the quadrupole interaction of the nuclei in a weakly distorted tetrahedron. Analysis of the results shows that the quadrupole-coupling constant remains constant within the limits of experimental error over the whole temperature range.

Tarasov, V.P.; Privalov, V.I.; Petrushin, S.A.; Kirakosyan, G.A.; Kryuchov, S.V.; German, K.E.; Buslaev, Yu.A.

1983-10-01

464

PERFORMANCE OF NB{sub 3}SN QUADRUPOLE MAGNETS UNDER LOCALIZED THERMAL LOAD  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes the results of design and analyses performed on 120-mm Nb{sub 3}Sn and NbTi quadrupole magnets with parameters relevant for the LHC IR upgrade. A realistic radiation heat load is evaluated in a wide luminosity range and translated into the magnet quench performance. The simulation results are supported by thermal measurements on a 90-mm Nb{sub 3}Sn quadrupole coil.

Kashikhin, V. V.; Bossert, R.; Chlachidze, G.; Lamm, M.; Mokhov, N. V.; Novitski, I.; Zlobin, A. V. [Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL, 60510 (United States)

2010-04-09

465

Relativistic Quadrupole Polarizability for the Ground State of Hydrogen-Like Ions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The static quadrupole polarizabilities for hydrogen-like ions from Z = 1 to Z = 100 in the 1S1/2 ground state are calculated to high precision by solving the Dirac equation using the B-spline Galerkin method. The results are consistent with the expression of Kaneko [J. Phys. B 10 (1977) 3347] at low Z. The quadrupole oscillator strength sum ?nf(2)gn is computed to be zero to a very high degree of precision.

Zhang, Yong-Hu; Tang, Li-Yan; Zhang, Xian-Zhou; Shi, Ting-Yun; Jim, Mitroy

2012-06-01

466

Compact IR Quadrupoles for Linear Colliders Based on Rutherford-type Cable  

SciTech Connect

The upcoming and disrupted beams in the interaction region (IR) of a linear collider are focused by doublets consisting of two small-aperture superconducting quadrupoles. These magnets need an effective compact magnetic shielding to minimize magnetic coupling between the two channels and sufficient temperature margin to withstand radiation-induced heat depositions in the coil. This paper presents conceptual designs of IR quadrupoles for linear colliders based on NbTi and Nb{sub 3}Sn Rutherford-type cables.

Lopes, M.L.; Kashikhin, V.S.; Kashikhin, V.V.; Zlobin, A.V.; /Fermilab

2008-08-01

467

The application of quadrupole mass filters in field desorption mass spectrometry.  

PubMed

The advantages and limitations which quadrupole mass filters afford to the field desorption technique with respect to use for routine work are discussed and experimentally confirmed by the analyses of some drugs using a field desorption quadrupole mass spectrometer. The possibility of fast identification of drug intoxication is demonstrated by the analysis of the chloroform extract of urine in a case of overdose of hypnotics. PMID:1131391

Gierlich, H H; Heinen, H J; Beckey, H D

1975-02-01

468

Manufacturing and Test of a Short Quadrupole Magnet Model at CEA\\/Saclay  

Microsoft Academic Search

IRFU\\/SACM at CEA\\/Saclay has undertaken an R&D program on Nb3Sn aimed at designing, building and testing a 1-m-long, 56-mm-single-aperture quadrupole magnet model. Model design is based on the design of LHC arc quadrupole magnets, without iron yoke. It is expected to reach a nominal field gradient of 211 T\\/m at 11,870 A. The main goal of the program is to

Lionel Quettier; Maria Durante; Michel Segreti; Fabrice Simon; Didier Leboeuf; Yannick Le Noa

2009-01-01

469

Hydrogen bonding in 1,2-diazine-chloranilic acid (2 : 1) studied by a 14N nuclear quadrupole coupling tensor and multi-temperature X-ray diffraction.  

PubMed

Protons involved in the H-bond system in 1,2-diazine-chloranilic acid (2 : 1) are assumed to be in jumping motion in the double-minimum potential corresponding to the two extreme electronic states of O-H...N and O-...H-N+. 14N nuclear quadrupole coupling constants were determined by 1H-14N nuclear quadrupole double resonance. Assuming that the observed coupling constants are result of a fast exchange of the two extreme electronic states, the coupling constants for each state were estimated by use of the equilibrium populations of the two extreme states determined from multi-temperature X-ray single-crystal diffraction. It was suggested that not only the population but also the electron distribution of the extreme electronic states itself changes with temperature. PMID:19305902

Seliger, Janez; Zagar, Veselko; Gotoh, Kazuma; Ishida, Hiroyuki; Konnai, Akiko; Amino, Daiki; Asaji, Tetsuo

2009-04-01

470

Two Alternate High Gradient Quadrupoles; An Upgraded Tevatron IR and A"Pipe" Design  

SciTech Connect

With the U.S. cancellation of the SSC project, the only large approved hadron accelerator project is CERN's LHC. One of the more critical elements in the performance of a collider is the quadrupole lens at the beam collision points. These quadrupoles, usually referred to as the 'insertion quads' normally form a set of triplets around the interaction region. Their focal power directly affects the luminosity available at the crossing point In order to achieve as high a gradient as possible, the CERN design team has proposed a very efficient high gradient quadrupole which is based on a graded four-layer winding structure. At Fermilab's Tevatron, an upgraded two layer winding quadrupole has been in operation since 1989, and has provided a 50% higher gradient than its predecessor. The quadrupole was basically state of the art when it was designed in 1985. Since then however, improvements have been made in cabling, conductor perfonnance, etc. Naturally, operation of a modernized version of this .design can provide higher capabilities. This improved two layer design can serve as an alternative to the more intricate graded four layer design now envisioned for the LHC, provided it can obtain the proposed gradient. A high gradient quadrupole with a 'pipe' layout can be considered as a possible candidate for future large collider insertion regions. It is possible to fine-tune the design to obtain a good field-quality, the conductor is well cooled in case of a large radiation heat load, and the overall structure is smaller than a conventional quadrupole with a comparable field gradient.

McInturff, A.D.; Oort, J.M. van; Scanlan, R.M.

1995-04-01

471

Dark resonance  

SciTech Connect

We construct explicit models of particle dark matter where the attractive force in the dark matter sector creates a narrow near-threshold resonance that qualitatively changes the energy dependence of the annihilation cross section. In these models, the resonant enhancement of the dark matter annihilation can easily source the excess of energetic leptons observed by the PAMELA experiment. The distinct feature of these models is that by construction the enhancement of the annihilation cross section shuts off when the dark matter velocity falls below the typical Milky Way values, thus automatically satisfying constraints on dark matter annihilation imposed by the CMB anisotropies and gamma ray constraints from satellite galaxies. However, the resonant enhancement of annihilation can be probed through the most recent FERMI-LAT constraints on the diffuse galactic gamma ray emission.

An, Haipeng; Pospelov, Maxim, E-mail: han@perimeterinstitute.ca, E-mail: mpospelov@perimeterinstitute.ca [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, ON, N2J 2W9 (Canada)

2012-11-01