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1

Qualitative Research Methods for Medical Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides a primer for qualitative research in medical education. Our aim is to equip readers with a basic understanding of qualitative research and prepare them to judge the goodness of fit between qualitative research and their own research questions. We provide an overview of the reasons for choosing a qualitative research approach and potential benefits of using these

Janice L. Hanson; Dorene F. Balmer; Angelo P. Giardino

2011-01-01

2

Using Qualitative Research Methods in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers investigating issues related to computing in higher education are increasingly using qualitative research methods to conduct their investigations. However, they may have little training or experience in qualitative research. The purpose of this paper is to introduce researchers to the appropriate use of qualitative methods. It begins…

Savenye, Wilhelmina C.; Robinson, Rhonda S.

2005-01-01

3

Qualitative Research Practice in Adult Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 20 papers is aimed at researchers, research students, and research supervisors interested in qualitative research into facilitated adult learning in the workplace, formal education programs, professional development, and community settings. "Introduction" (Willis) provides a summary of the papers. "Qualitative Inquiry: Meaning…

Willis, Peter, Ed.; Neville, Bernie, Ed.

4

Conducting Qualitative Research in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The theory underlying qualitative research design and a specific formative evaluation study that includes qualitative methods are discussed. The focus is the data analyses methods and procedures employed in the evaluation study, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the inquiry. Qualitative research focuses on the idiographic and operates on…

Sears, James T.; And Others

5

Qualitative Research: Emerging Opportunity in Business Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the research methods used in articles published in "The Delta Pi Epsilon Journal" and the "NABTE Review" between 2001 and 2005 to determine the extent to which qualitative research methodologies have been employed by researchers and the extent to which these research methodologies were clearly…

Gaytan, Jorge

2007-01-01

6

Viewing Agricultural Education Research through a Qualitative Lens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Journal of Agricultural Education has primarily published research that uses quantitative research methods. Perhaps this is due partly to the lack of a qualitative research conceptual framework to guide our profession. Most researchers in agricultural education were academically prepared to conduct empirical research. Those who are in the…

Dooley, Kim E.

2007-01-01

7

Can We Integrate Qualitative and Quantitative Research in Science Education?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main objective of this paper is to emphasize the importance of integrating qualitative and quantitative research methodologies in science education. It is argued that the Kuhnian in commensurability thesis (a major source of inspiration for qualitative researchers) represents an obstacle for this integration. A major thesis of the paper is that qualitative researchers have interpreted the increased popularity of their paradigm (research programme) as a revolutionary break through in the Kuhnian sense. A review of the literature in areas relevant to science education shows that researchers are far from advocating qualitative research as the only methodology. It is concluded that competition between divergent approaches to research in science education (cf. Lakatos, 1970) would provide a better forum for a productive sharing of research experiences.

Niaz, Mansoor

8

International Immersion in Counselor Education: A Consensual Qualitative Research Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used consensual qualitative research methodology to examine the phenomenon of international immersion on counselor education students' (N = 10) development and growth. Seven domains emerged from the data (cultural knowledge, empathy, personal and professional impact, process/reflection, relationships, personal characteristics, and…

Barden, Sejal M.; Cashwell, Craig S.

2014-01-01

9

Mapping the possibilities of qualitative research in music education: a primer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing numbers of music education researchers have begun to use qualitative methods to examine research topics using interviews, observations, documents, and archival data. In this article, I review qualitative research methodology and its origins and methods, discuss topics that have been studied by music education researchers using qualitative research methods, and show possible ways that qualitative research methods might be

Kathryn Roulston

2006-01-01

10

Ethnography in qualitative educational research: AMEE Guide No. 80.  

PubMed

Ethnography is a type of qualitative research that gathers observations, interviews and documentary data to produce detailed and comprehensive accounts of different social phenomena. The use of ethnographic research in medical education has produced a number of insightful accounts into its role, functions and difficulties in the preparation of medical students for clinical practice. This AMEE Guide offers an introduction to ethnography - its history, its differing forms, its role in medical education and its practical application. Specifically, the Guide initially outlines the main characteristics of ethnography: describing its origins, outlining its varying forms and discussing its use of theory. It also explores the role, contribution and limitations of ethnographic work undertaken in a medical education context. In addition, the Guide goes on to offer a range of ideas, methods, tools and techniques needed to undertake an ethnographic study. In doing so it discusses its conceptual, methodological, ethical and practice challenges (e.g. demands of recording the complexity of social action, the unpredictability of data collection activities). Finally, the Guide provides a series of final thoughts and ideas for future engagement with ethnography in medical education. This Guide is aimed for those interested in understanding ethnography to develop their evaluative skills when reading such work. It is also aimed at those interested in considering the use of ethnographic methods in their own research work. PMID:23808715

Reeves, Scott; Peller, Jennifer; Goldman, Joanne; Kitto, Simon

2013-08-01

11

Exploring the Relevance of Qualitative Research Synthesis to Higher Education Research and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper proposes the importance of qualitative research synthesis to the field of higher education. It examines seven key texts that undertake synthesis in this field and compares essential features and elements across studies. The authors indicate strengths of the approaches and highlight ways forward for using qualitative research synthesis…

Major, Claire; Savin-Baden, Maggi

2010-01-01

12

The Importance of Qualitative Research for Causal Explanation in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of causation has long been controversial in qualitative research, and many qualitative researchers have rejected causal explanation as incompatible with an interpretivist or constructivist approach. This rejection conflates causation with the positivist "theory" of causation, and ignores an alternative understanding of causation,…

Maxwell, Joseph A.

2012-01-01

13

Mapping the Possibilities of Qualitative Research in Music Education: A Primer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing numbers of music education researchers have begun to use qualitative methods to examine research topics using interviews, observations, documents, and archival data. In this article, I review qualitative research methodology and its origins and methods, discuss topics that have been studied by music education researchers using…

Roulston, Kathryn

2006-01-01

14

The Cultural Politics of Qualitative Research in Education: Confirming and Contesting the Canon.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a critical review of the 1992 "Handbook of Qualitative Research in Education." The article examines diverse approaches to qualitative field research, discusses ambiguous relationships between education and parent disciplines, notes how the collection represents current dialogue, and examines chapters on critical ethnology. (SM)

Anderson, Gary L.

1994-01-01

15

Constituting the Field: An Essay on Harry Torrance's "Qualitative Research Methods in Education"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically explores Harry Torrance's four-volume edited collection "Qualitative Research Methods in Education." The author argues that this text is an important intervention in the constitution of a meta-discourse on qualitative research today. Torrance pays particular attention to the field of education, providing much needed…

Dimitriadis, Greg

2011-01-01

16

Exploring and Understanding Gender in Education: A Qualitative Research Manual for Education Practitioners and Gender Focal Points  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A methodology is described for conducting qualitative research on gender issues in education. Qualitative research, a critical step for achieving the global Education For All (EFA) goals, will assist identifying the issues, analyzing the contents, and formulating viable policy. "Gender" refers to the social roles and responsibilities that belong…

Bernard, Anne; Armstrong, Greg; Attig, George

2005-01-01

17

The science of context: modes of response for qualitative researchers in education  

Microsoft Academic Search

How might qualitative researchers meaningfully operate in a contemporary research climate that holds to such limited conceptions of what constitutes ‘scientific’ research in education? This article discusses implications of scientifically based research (SBR) and identifies several pathways along which researchers may productively work in such a context. These include: (1) Conducting critical inquiry into the socio?intellectual frameworks and institutional networks

Peter Demerath

2006-01-01

18

Co-Operative Education: Challenges of Qualitative Research on Learning in the Workplace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is concerned with the challenges of qualitative research on workplace learning that occurs within co-operative (co-op) education. Co-op education is extensive in Canada, with an estimated 10% of the student population enrolled in co-op secondary education each year. The context for this study was a veterinary clinic in which four co-op…

Chin, Peter; Munby, Hugh; Hutchinson, Nancy L.

19

Typology of Analytical Errors in Qualitative Educational Research: An Analysis of the 2003-2007 Education Science Dissertations in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research, the level of quality of the qualitative research design used and the analytic mistakes made in the doctorate dissertations carried out in the field of education science in Turkey have been tried to be identified. Case study design has been applied in the study in which qualitative research techniques have been used. The universe…

Karadag, Engin

2010-01-01

20

Expanding Perspectives: Qualitative Research in Higher Education. Second Edition. ASHE Reader Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Chapters in this volume provide an introduction to qualitative research in higher education, organizing the discussion around four central themes. Part 1, Situating Ourselves and Our Inquiry, contains: (1) Objectivity in Educational Research (Elliot Eisner); (2) Truth in Trouble (Kenneth Gergen); (3) Beyond Translation: Truth and Rigoberta Menchu…

Conrad, Clifton F., Ed.; Haworth, Jennifer Grant, Ed.; Lattuca, Lisa R., Ed.

21

Quantitative and qualitative methods in medical education research: AMEE Guide No 90: Part I.  

PubMed

Medical educators need to understand and conduct medical education research in order to make informed decisions based on the best evidence, rather than rely on their own hunches. The purpose of this Guide is to provide medical educators, especially those who are new to medical education research, with a basic understanding of how quantitative and qualitative methods contribute to the medical education evidence base through their different inquiry approaches and also how to select the most appropriate inquiry approach to answer their research questions. PMID:24846122

Tavakol, Mohsen; Sandars, John

2014-09-01

22

Quantitative and qualitative methods in medical education research: AMEE Guide No 90: Part II.  

PubMed

Abstract Medical educators need to understand and conduct medical education research in order to make informed decisions based on the best evidence, rather than rely on their own hunches. The purpose of this Guide is to provide medical educators, especially those who are new to medical education research, with a basic understanding of how quantitative and qualitative methods contribute to the medical education evidence base through their different inquiry approaches and also how to select the most appropriate inquiry approach to answer their research questions. PMID:24845954

Tavakol, Mohsen; Sandars, John

2014-10-01

23

Qualitative Research as Policy Knowledge: Framing Policy Problems and Transforming Education from the Ground Up  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As educational research becomes privatized, commodified and commercialized, research relevance increasingly means being incorporated into neoliberal ideological and economic agendas. Within this social context, qualitative research in particular is often deemed less relevant (if not irrelevant) because it does not provide prescriptions for best…

Dumas, Michael J.; Anderson, Gary

2014-01-01

24

Qualitative Research Qualitative Research Methods Methods  

E-print Network

Qualitative Research Qualitative Research Methods Methods Debora A. Paterniti, Ph.D. Debora A: Research Design Part I: Research Design #12;purpose of qualitative methods § to provide an openended. Paterniti, Ph.D. Center for Health Services Research in Center for Health Services Research in Primary

Leistikow, Bruce N.

25

Writing Educational Biography: Explorations in Qualitative Research. Critical Education Practice; Volume 13. Garland Reference Library of Social Science, Volume 1098.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection examines many influences of biographical inquiry in education and discusses methodological issues from the perspectives of veteran and novice biographers. The section on qualitative research and educational biography contains the following chapters: "Musings on Life Writing: Biography and Case Studies in Teacher Education" (Robert…

Kridel, Craig, Ed.

26

Qualitative Research in Educational Communications and Technology: A Brief Introduction to Principles and Procedures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 30 years, qualitative research has emerged as a widely accepted alternative to the quantitative paradigm for performing research in educational communications and technology. As the new paradigm has evolved, it has spawned a variety of theoretical perspectives and methodological techniques that have both increased its potential…

Neuman, Delia

2014-01-01

27

The Use of Email Interviewing as a Qualitative Method of Inquiry in Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues for the potential that email interviewing has as a qualitative method in educational research. The article draws on research that uses email as a way of generating online narratives in order to understand how academics construct their identities. In doing so, the article considers the challenges that email interviewing poses…

James, Nalita

2007-01-01

28

Qualitative and quantitative research methods: old wine in new bottles? On understanding and interpreting educational phenomena  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generally educational research is grounded in the empirical traditions of the social sciences (commonly called quantitative and qualitative methods) and is as such distinguished from other forms of scholarship such as theoretical, conceptual or methodological essays, critiques of research traditions and practices and those studies grounded in the humanities (e.g. history, philosophy, literary analysis, arts?based inquiry). Since the early twentieth

Paul Smeyers

2008-01-01

29

Using Qualitative Methods to Make and Support Claims in Physics Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document summarizes a session, held at the 2002 Physics Education research conference, that was designed to stimulate conversations about the use of qualitative methods in physics education research. The session began with a general overview of qualitative research. Then, to provide a context for discussion, facilitators conducted a mini research activity; in which they introduded data (interview, video transcripts, and student work) from a university physics course for preservice teachers. Participants were given the task of examining the data and deciding whether a particular claim was sufficiently supported by the data. A rich discussion ensued, in which many research-related issues were raised. These issues, which might serve as topics of discussion for future sessions, are listed and briefly editorialized at the end of this paper.

Johnson, Andy; Sandifer, Cody

2010-06-16

30

Using Qualitative Methods to Make and Support Claims in Physics Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document summarizes a session, held at the 2002 Physics Education research conference, that was designed to stimulate conversations about the use of qualitative methods in physics education research. The session began with a general overview of qualitative research. Then, to provide a context for discussion, facilitators conducted a mini research activity; in which they introduced data (interview, video transcripts, and student work) from a university physics course for preservice teachers. Participants were given the task of examining the data and deciding whether a particular claim was sufficiently supported by the data. A rich discussion ensued, in which many research-related issues were raised. These issues, which might serve as topics of discussion for future sessions, are listed and briefly editorialized at the end of this paper.

Sandifer, Cody; Johnson, Andy

2006-12-06

31

The State of Qualitative Research in Gifted Education as Published in American Journals: An Analysis and Critique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As qualitative research has become a more familiar form of inquiry in gifted education, judging its quality and value remains obscure and problematic to the field. This article analyzes and critiques published studies for the purpose of understanding the state of qualitative research in gifted education. Data for this study are from the major…

Coleman, Laurence J.; Guo, Aige; Dabbs, Charlotte Simms

2007-01-01

32

Teaching Qualitative Research to Practitioner-Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Practitioner-researchers are well-positioned to apply qualitative methods to the study of significant problems of educational practice. However, while learning the skills of qualitative inquiry, practitioners may be compelled by forces outside of qualitative research classrooms to think quantitatively. In this article, the author considers two…

Cox, Rebecca D.

2012-01-01

33

Cultural science and qualitative educational research: work ‘in the first place’ on the morality of classroom life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The state of qualitative research in education is addressed in this paper in terms of three categories of scientific inquiry (following Heap, 1992) and the varying place and function of qualitative work in each of these categories. The argument is put that one of these categories of inquiry, specifically cultural human sciences, offers the educational enterprise distinctive theoretical and analytic

Peter Freebody; Jill Freiberg

2006-01-01

34

Effectively Communicating Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a guide for counseling researchers wishing to communicate the methods and results of their qualitative research to varied audiences. The authors posit that the first step in effectively communicating qualitative research is the development of strong qualitative research skills. To this end, the authors review a process model for…

Ponterotto, Joseph G.; Grieger, Ingrid

2007-01-01

35

A collection of research reporting, theoretical analysis, and practical applications in science education: Examining qualitative research methods, action research, educator-researcher partnerships, and constructivist learning theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Educator-researcher partnerships are increasingly being used to improve the teaching of science. Chapter 1 provides a summary of the literature concerning partnerships, and examines the justification of qualitative methods in studying these relationships. It also justifies the use of Participatory Action Research (PAR). Empirically-based studies of educator-researcher partnership relationships are rare despite investments in their implementation by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and others. Chapter 2 describes a qualitative research project in which participants in an NSF GK-12 fellowship program were studied using informal observations, focus groups, personal interviews, and journals to identify and characterize the cultural factors that influenced the relationships between the educators and researchers. These factors were organized into ten critical axes encompassing a range of attitudes, behaviors, or values defined by two stereotypical extremes. These axes were: (1) Task Dictates Context vs. Context Dictates Task; (2) Introspection vs. Extroversion; (3) Internal vs. External Source of Success; (4) Prior Planning vs. Implementation Flexibility; (5) Flexible vs. Rigid Time Sense; (6) Focused Time vs. Multi-tasking; (7) Specific Details vs. General Ideas; (8) Critical Feedback vs. Encouragement; (9) Short Procedural vs. Long Content Repetition; and (10) Methods vs. Outcomes are Well Defined. Another ten important stereotypical characteristics, which did not fit the structure of an axis, were identified and characterized. The educator stereotypes were: (1) Rapport/Empathy; (2) Like Kids; (3) People Management; (4) Communication Skills; and (5) Entertaining. The researcher stereotypes were: (1) Community Collaboration; (2) Focus Intensity; (3) Persistent; (4) Pattern Seekers; and (5) Curiosity/Skeptical. Chapter 3 summarizes the research presented in chapter 2 into a practical guide for participants and administrators of educator-researcher partnerships. Understanding how to identify and evaluate constructivist lessons is the first step in promoting and improving constructivism in teaching. Chapter 4 summarizes a theoretically-generated series of practical criteria that define constructivism: (1) Eliciting Prior Knowledge, (2) Creating Cognitive Dissonance, (3) Application of New Knowledge with Feedback, and (4) Reflection on Learning, or Metacognition. These criteria can be used by any practitioner to evaluate the level of constructivism used in a given lesson or activity.

Hartle, R. Todd

36

A Grounded Theory of Inductive Qualitative Research Education: Results of a Meta-Data-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the first stage of a meta-study conducted by the authors on primary research published during the last thirty years that focused on discovering the experiences of students learning qualitative research. The authors carried out a meta-analysis of the findings of students' experiences learning qualitative research included in…

Cooper, Robin; Chenail, Ronald J.; Fleming, Stephanie

2012-01-01

37

Qualitative Aspects of Historical Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the differences in methodology, content, and conclusions among various approaches to music education historical research. Argues that the preeminent role of interpretation in historical research mandates a broad assortment of methodologies including qualitative research. Includes excerpts from four different histories describing a seminal…

Mark, Michael

1996-01-01

38

Sampling in Qualitative Research  

PubMed Central

In gerontology the most recognized and elaborate discourse about sampling is generally thought to be in quantitative research associated with survey research and medical research. But sampling has long been a central concern in the social and humanistic inquiry, albeit in a different guise suited to the different goals. There is a need for more explicit discussion of qualitative sampling issues. This article will outline the guiding principles and rationales, features, and practices of sampling in qualitative research. It then describes common questions about sampling in qualitative research. In conclusion it proposes the concept of qualitative clarity as a set of principles (analogous to statistical power) to guide assessments of qualitative sampling in a particular study or proposal. PMID:22058580

LUBORSKY, MARK R.; RUBINSTEIN, ROBERT L.

2011-01-01

39

Teaching Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explicitly qualitative research has never before been so popular in human geography, and this article hopes to encourage more graduate students and faculty members to undertake the teaching of qualitative geography. The article describes one such course for graduate students, highlighting its challenges and rewards, and focusing on exercises…

Delyser, Dydia

2008-01-01

40

A Comparative-Qualitative Research Analysis of Character Education in the Christian School and Home Education Milieu  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study provides a phenomenological perspective and comparative analysis of character education within the Christian school and home education milieu. The study is based on semi-structured interviews of fifty-two individuals (N = 52) representative of a sampling of Christian educators from four private, evangelical Christian Schools…

Wilhelm, Gretchen Marie

2005-01-01

41

Cultivating the qualitative research borderlands: educational poetics and the politics of inclusivity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research has extended the boundaries of legitimate knowledge by including the insights of ‘subjects’, valuing the voices of groups that have been excluded from telling their stories, seeing the complex ways researchers may be positioned in relation to other research participants, and becoming more diverse in their views of validity and reliability. Gitlin argues that these extensions have been

Andrew Gitlin

2008-01-01

42

Developing Qualitative Coding Frameworks for Educational Research: Immigration, Education and the Children Crossing Borders Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Children Crossing Borders (CCB) study is a polyvocal, multi-sited project on immigration and early childhood education and care in five countries: Italy, Germany, France, England and the USA. The complicated nature of the data pushed us as a group to expand our methodological resources to not only organize the data but also to make it…

Adair, Jennifer Keys; Pastori, Giulia

2011-01-01

43

A Dialogue on Space and Method in Qualitative Research on Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors critically examine the use of space in education research and illustrate how spatial analyses of education reframe persistent educational problems in productive, actionable ways. The authors juxtapose critical spatial analyses with traditional temporal analyses. The authors approach the knowledge-construction process…

Gildersleeve, Ryan Evely; Kuntz, Aaron M.

2011-01-01

44

Disciplining Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research exists in a time of global uncertainty. Around the world, governments are attempting to regulate scientific inquiry by defining what counts as "good" science. These regulatory activities raise fundamental, philosophical epistemological, political and pedagogical issues for scholarship and freedom of speech in the academy. This…

Denzin, Norman K.; Lincoln, Yvonna S.; Giardina, Michael D.

2006-01-01

45

Qualitative Experimentation, Local Generalizability, and Other Oxymoronic Opportunities for Educated Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As lines between research paradigms continue to blur with the ever-increasing popularity of mixed methods research, there are useful, and occasionally oxymoronic, opportunities for educational researchers to juxtapose tools from opposing methods. The gold standard is just not possible in so much of what we do with small-scale research, nor is it…

Brooks, Gordon P.

2011-01-01

46

The Contributions of Qualitative Research to Discussions of Evidence-Based Practice in Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to recent trends and legislation, the concept of implementing evidence-based practices has become a critical component of contemporary schooling. It is important that teachers and families of students with disabilities understand the role that qualitative research plays in determining whether a practice is in fact evidence based.…

McDuffie, Kimberly A.; Scruggs, Thomas E.

2008-01-01

47

Methodolatry and Qualitative Health Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increasing turn to qualitative research in health psychology raises a number of issues about the appropriate use and relevance of qualitative methods in this field. In this article I raise concerns about methodolatry: the privileging of methodological concerns over other considerations in qualitative health research. I argue that qualitative researchers are in danger of reifying methods in the same

Kerry Chamberlain

2000-01-01

48

Designing a Qualitative Research for Evaluation of English for Academic Purposes Activity in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Competence-based teacher education provides new knowledge within the knowledge triangle of education, research and innovation. Communicative competence is of the greatest importance which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission, 2004). The successful…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

49

Qualitative Research Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are aspects of the human experience that cannot be enumerated or represented by a summary score. Clinicians in the surgical\\u000a disciplines intuitively know this, yet often are not certain how to evaluate the perspectives and circumstances of their patients’\\u000a experiences. Qualitative research is systematic inquiry that focuses on exploring and understanding the experiences of individuals\\u000a and groups. Both the

Donna L. Berry; Sally L. Maliski; William J. Ellis

50

School of Education Qualitative Software  

E-print Network

School of Education Qualitative Software Fair & Symposium 10:30 Registration Opens (Educational. Emilio Spadola (Dept. of Sociology & Anthropology, Colgate University, NY) 12:00-12:45 Lunch and Software Fair (Teacher Education, Room 236) Participants are invited to informally talk with software users

Wisconsin at Madison, University of

51

Qualitative Assessment of Arts Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploring the complicated issues of assessment in the arts, the authors discuss assessment of arts education and arts programs from a qualitative perspective: experiential, naturalistic, and ethnographic interpretation. With special attention to the practices of teaching, learning, and administration of education in the arts, quality is sought…

Stake, Robert; Munson, April

2008-01-01

52

Using Numbers in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of numerical/quantitative data in qualitative research studies and reports has been controversial. Prominent qualitative researchers such as Howard Becker and Martyn Hammersley have supported the inclusion of what Becker called "quasi-statistics": simple counts of things to make statements such as "some," "usually," and "most" more…

Maxwell, Joseph A.

2010-01-01

53

The Study of Motivation in Library and Information Management Education: Qualitative and Quantitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of new technologies and media has changed the concept of teaching and learning, offering effective and attractive possibilities to the educational system, particularly to the learning of languages in specific contexts. Educators in general will agree on the importance of motivation as a key to success in language acquisition as it…

Perez-Sabater, Carmen; Montero-Fleta, Begona

2012-01-01

54

Learning Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article I explore through a narrative how I came to do a research project in East New York. I show how first contact was established, how local contacts were made, and how trust between my research participants and me was created. I then explore how the research topic evolved through informal conversations, open-ended interviews, and…

Gerhart, Lael

2009-01-01

55

How Is Qualitative Research Taught at the Masters' Level?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined how qualitative research is taught in foundation MSW courses using a content analysis of syllabi and a survey. The Council on Social Work Education required qualitative research content in 1994 and several authors advocate for greater inclusion of it. Yet no research about what qualitative content is included on syllabi is…

Drisko, James W.

2008-01-01

56

Antecedents and Consequences of Service Quality in a Higher Education Context: A Qualitative Research Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to report on the perception of students in regard to critical antecedents, dimensions and consequences of service quality with an aim to develop a theoretical model in the context of a university in Australia. Design/methodology/approach: This research used focus group discussions with 19 students who had been…

Sultan, Parves; Wong, Ho Yin

2013-01-01

57

Pursuing Quality Evidence: Applying Single-Subject Quality Indicators to Non-Experimental Qualitative Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for quality evidence in support of strategies used while working with persons with autism and intellectual disability (ID) has been long been recognized by researchers and practitioners. The authors reviewed and applied a number of evidence-based indicators, developed through the "What Works Clearinghouse" (WWC), to the conduct…

Stodden, Robert A.; Yamamoto, Kathryn K.; Folk, Eric; Kong, Eran; Otsuji, Derek N.

2013-01-01

58

Qualitative Health Research with Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses a study about children's experience of asthma to show that qualitative research with children has inherent difficulties relating to access and ethical and developmental issues. Asserts that because of children's stage of development and the asymmetrical relationship between researcher and informants, adequate safeguards and awareness of these…

Ireland, Lorraine; Holloway, Immy

1996-01-01

59

Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology: Integrating Diversity with Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this new edition, the author explains quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods, and incorporates the viewpoints of various research paradigms (postpositivist, constructivist, transformative, and pragmatic) into descriptions of these methods. Special emphasis is provided for conducting research in culturally complex communities. Each chapter…

Mertens, Donna M.

2004-01-01

60

Standards for Qualitative (and Quantitative) Research: A Prolegomenon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proliferation of qualitative methods in educational research has led to considerable controversy about standards for the design and conduct of research. This controversy has been playing itself out over the last several decades largely in terms of the quantitative-qualitative debate. In this paper we argue that framing the issue of standards in terms of quantitative-qualitative debate is misguided. We

Kenneth Howe; Margaret Eisenhart

1990-01-01

61

Consensual Qualitative Research: An Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors reviewed the application of consensual qualitative research (CQR) in 27 studies published since the method's introduction to the field in 1997 by C. E. Hill, B. J. Thompson, and E. N. Williams (1997). After first describing the core components and the philosophical underpinnings of CQR, the authors examined how it has been applied in terms of the consensus

Clara E. Hill; Sarah Knox; Barbara J. Thompson; Elizabeth Nutt Williams; Shirley A. Hess; Nicholas Ladany

2005-01-01

62

Qualitative Research in Rehabilitation Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research approaches offer rehabilitation scholars and practitioners avenues into understanding the lives and experiences of people with disabilities and those people and systems with whom they interact. The methods used often parallel those used in counseling and appear to be well matched with the field of rehabilitation counseling.…

Hanley-Maxwell, Cheryl; Al Hano, Ibrahim; Skivington, Michael

2007-01-01

63

Reconsidering Constructivism in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines constructivism, a paradigm in qualitative research that has been propagated by Egon Guba, Yvonna Lincoln, and Norman Denzin. A distinction is made between whether the basic presuppositions of constructivism are credible compared to those of a competing paradigm and whether constructivism's beliefs are internally consistent.…

Lee, Cheu-Jey George

2012-01-01

64

Incorporating Translation in Qualitative Studies: Two Case Studies in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cross-language qualitative research in education continues to increase. However, there has been inadequate discussion in the literature concerning the translation process that ensures research trustworthiness applicable for bilingual researchers. Informed by the literature on evaluation criteria for qualitative data translation, this paper…

Sutrisno, Agustian; Nguyen, Nga Thanh; Tangen, Donna

2014-01-01

65

Qualitative methods in research on teaching  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Basic issues concerning interpretive research, and theories and methods of using interpretive research to study teaching are discussed. The concept of interpretive research may also be known as ethnographic, qualitative, participant observational, case study, symbolic interactionist, phenomenological, or constructivist. Interpretive research studies the meaning of actions that occur, both in face-to-face interactions and in the wider society surrounding the immediate scene of action. To conduct interpretive research on teaching, intense and long-term participant observation in an educational setting is required, followed by deliberate and long-term reflection on what was observed. Questions regarding the observer's point of view, previously learned formal theories, cultural conditioning, and personal values must be considered. Attitudes toward teaching and learning as well as measures of effectiveness are also worth examining. This paper argues that such detailed scrutiny of everyday teaching routines is a route to improving educational practice, as performed by university researchers as well as practicing teachers.

Erickson, Frederick

2006-05-19

66

Research Methods in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Research Methods in Education" introduces research methods as an integrated set of techniques for investigating questions about the educational world. This lively, innovative text helps students connect technique and substance, appreciate the value of both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and make ethical research decisions. It weaves…

Check, Joseph; Schutt, Russell K.

2011-01-01

67

Educational Accountability: A Qualitatively Driven Mixed-Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the importance of mixed-methods research, in particular the value of qualitatively driven mixed-methods research for quantitatively driven domains like educational accountability. The article demonstrates the merits of qualitative thinking by describing a mixed-methods study that focuses on a middle school's system of…

Hall, Jori N.; Ryan, Katherine E.

2011-01-01

68

[Reflexivity: a critical issue in qualitative research].  

PubMed

Reflexivity is an English term that Spanish speaking people have to assign a technical meaning. Reflexivity expresses the conscience of researchers conscience and refers to their connection with the study's situation. It is a process by which researchers step back to critically exam the effect they have on the study and the impact of their interactions with participants. The reflexive process is embedded in all research levels and is present in all the research phases, from the research question to fieldwork, from data analysis to writing the final report. Nevertheless, the question is not so much to engage in reflective activities but to be a reflexive researcher. Reflexivity is a human ability that is present during social interactions. For this reason it is present in qualitative research. A self inquirer can be addressed as it is constructed by the relationships and interactions that are established with study participants. Reflexivity has an educational character that continues after the study is completed. PMID:21531602

de la Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen

2011-01-01

69

Qualitative research in medicine and health care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Qualitative research is becoming more prominent in medicine. It is still not clear how it can address either clinical or biopsychosocial\\u000a research questions. Methodologic standards and guidelines for qualitative research in medicine and health care remain too\\u000a sketchy to help one evaluate a qualitative study critically. Alternatives for addressing complex real-life questions quantitatively\\u000a exist. Until better guidelines for qualitative research

Poy M. Poses; Alice M. Isen

1998-01-01

70

Qualitative research: standards, challenges, and guidelines  

Microsoft Academic Search

I investigated the nature of clinical knowledge in medicine, exposed some of the shortcomings of quantitative research methods, and briefly introduced qualitative methods as an approach for improved understanding. Here, I shall discuss how scientific quality can be maintained when qualitative research methods are applied. I present some overall standards, describe specific challenges met when the medical researcher uses qualitative

Kirsti Malterud

2001-01-01

71

Aced Out: Censorship of Qualitative Research in the Age of "Scientifically Based Research"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this manuscript, we examine three layers of censorship related to the publication of qualitative research studies: (a) the global level of federal legislation and the definition of the "gold standard" of educational research, (b) the decline in the number of qualitative studies published in a top-tiered early childhood educational research

Ceglowski, Deborah; Bacigalupa, Chiara; Peck, Emery

2011-01-01

72

Becoming a scientist: A qualitative study of the educational experience of undergraduates working in an American and a Brazilian research laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because the production of scientific and technological innovations has been at the center of debates for economic growth, scientists are recognized as important actors in the current global market. In this study, I will examine the undergraduate education of future scientists by focusing on students working in research projects of faculty members. This research activity has been promoted by American and Brazilian public agencies as an attempt to attract more college students to scientific careers as well as to improve their future performance in science. Evaluations of these programs have focused on important quantitative indicators focusing mainly on the amount of students that later choose to pursue scientific careers. However, these studies fail to address important educational aspects of undergraduates' experience. In this research, I explore the educational processes taking place as students are introduced to the making of science in order to understand how and what they are learning. Three bodies of literature illuminates the formulation and the analysis of the research questions: (1) theories of globalization situate the education of scientists within the dynamics of a broader social, economic, cultural, and historical framework; (2) the critical pedagogy of Paulo Freire is the basis for the understanding of the pedagogical processes shaping undergraduate students' experiences within the research site; (3) Critical and Cultural Studies of Science and Technology illuminate the analysis of the complex interactions and practices constructed within the laboratory. In order to understand the educational processes shaping the experiences of undergraduate students engaged in research activities, I conducted a qualitative investigation based on participant-observation and in-depth interviews in an American and a Brazilian laboratories. The two sites constituted insightful case studies that illuminated the understanding of inquires about the training of students in science. In addition, the study of two countries enriched the research inquiry, adding to the findings reflections on the ways differences in national contexts affects scientific training and scientific practices. Mainly, this qualitative research of students in laboratories offers some concrete recommendations and illuminating reflections for science educators, science policy makers, and for those working in the understanding of science epistemologies.

Pascoa, Maria Beatriz Amorim

73

Dewey's Qualitative Thought as Exemplary Art Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines John Dewey's theory of the qualitative mind, showing how his thought illuminates the process of artistic creation. Exemplifies Dewey's theory by referring to the documented creative processes of master artists, Picasso, Moore, Giacometti, and Cezanne. Identifies attributes of the qualitative thinker and artist, and presents educational

Brigham, Don L.

1989-01-01

74

Publishing Qualitative Research in Counseling Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the essential elements to be included when developing a qualitative study and preparing the findings for publication. Using the sections typically found in a qualitative article, the author describes content relevant to each section, with additional suggestions for publishing qualitative research.

Hunt, Brandon

2011-01-01

75

Higher Education Leadership Competencies: Quantitatively Refining a Qualitative Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights exploratory research in which a qualitative higher education leadership competencies model is refined through quantitative methods. Three groups of higher education leaders identify important competencies necessary for effective leadership. A survey was administered and analyzed. Five competency categories emerged: analytical, communication, student affairs, behavioral, and external relations.

Zachary A. Smith; Mimi Wolverton

2010-01-01

76

Understanding Participatory Action Research: A Qualitative Research Methodology Option  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participatory Action Research (PAR) is a qualitative research methodology option that requires further understanding and consideration. PAR is considered democratic, equitable, liberating, and life-enhancing qualitative inquiry that remains distinct from other qualitative methodologies (Kach & Kralik, 2006). Using PAR, qualitative features of an…

MacDonald, Cathy

2012-01-01

77

Qualitative methods in environmental health research.  

PubMed Central

Public health researchers increasingly turn to qualitative methods either on their own or in combination with quantitative methods. Qualitative methods are especially important to community environmental health research, as they provide a way to produce community narratives that give voice to individuals and characterize the community in a full and complex fashion. This article first traces the legacy of qualitative research in environmental health, then uses a case study of the author's experiences studying the Woburn, Massachusetts, childhood leukemia cluster to provide personal and scholarly insights on qualitative approaches. That material then informs a discussion of important components of qualitative methods in environmental health research, including flexible study design, access, trust, empathy, and personal shifts in the researcher's worldview, bias, and the nature of the researcher's roles. A concluding discussion addresses issues in funding policy and research practices. PMID:14594634

Brown, Phil

2003-01-01

78

Doing Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed as a hands-on guide for students engaged in educational research, this book provides an introduction to key qualitative and quantitative methods necessary for those commencing research for the first time. The reader is shown how these methods work and how their outcomes may be interpreted. The book includes: (1) A variety of examples and…

Opie, Clive

2004-01-01

79

From Exclusion to Inclusion; Supporting Special Educational Needs Co-Ordinators to Keep Children in Mainstream Education: A Qualitative Psychoanalytic Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on my doctoral research study based on consulting work with three primary school Special Educational Needs Co-ordinators (SENCos) that took place in 2008. The study examined the interactions that arose in the consultations with the SENCos and their staff. The findings that emerged from the application of Grounded Theory research

Evans, Angela

2013-01-01

80

Strategically Reviewing the Research Literature in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewing literature in qualitative research can be challenging in terms of why, when, where, and how we should access third-party sources in our work, especially for novice qualitative researchers. As a pragmatic solution, we suggest qualitative researchers utilize research literature in four functional ways: (a) define the phenomenon in…

Chenail, Ronald J.; Cooper, Robin; Desir, Charlene

2010-01-01

81

Balancing acts in qualitative accounting research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to reflect on the motivation for this special issue and its contributions. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper is a conceptual editorial piece which discusses current methodological tendencies in qualitative accounting research. Findings – The paper argues that qualitative research involves some balancing acts between, on the one hand, pragmatic and aesthetic aspects and,

Sven Modell; Christopher Humphrey

2008-01-01

82

The Landscape of Qualitative Research. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book, the first volume of the paperback versions of the "The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research, Third Edition," takes a look at the field from a broadly theoretical perspective, and is composed of the Handbook's Parts I ("Locating the Field"), II ("Major Paradigms and Perspectives"), and VI ("The Future of Qualitative Research"). "The…

Denzin, Norman K., Ed.; Lincoln, Yvonna, Ed.

2007-01-01

83

Getting Specific about Qualitative Research Generalizability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of generalizability or the usefulness of qualitative research results beyond the confines of the primary site, sample, and study has been hotly debated by qualitative researchers for decades. When examining this question of generalization the first surprising finding is there appears to be no general consensus about the definition,…

Chenail, Ronald J.

2010-01-01

84

Evaluating Rigor in Qualitative Methodology and Research Dissemination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite previous and successful attempts to outline general criteria for rigor, researchers in special education have debated the application of rigor criteria, the significance or importance of small n research, the purpose of interpretivist approaches, and the generalizability of qualitative empirical results. Adding to these complications, the…

Trainor, Audrey A.; Graue, Elizabeth

2014-01-01

85

Standards for Qualitative (And Quantitative) Research: A Prolegomenon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proliferation of qualitative methods in educational research has !ed to considerable controversy about standards for the design and conduct of research. Thzs controversy has been playing itself out over the last several decades largely in terms of the quantitative- qualitatzve debate. In this paper we argue that framzng the issue of standards m terms of quantztative-quahtatzve debate zs mzsguided.

Kenneth Howe; Margaret Eisenhart

1990-01-01

86

Qualitative Clinical Research with Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of how qualitative research methods (QRMs) can augment the literature in child and adolescent clinical psychology by contributing to theory and hypothesis building. We discuss the utility of qualitative methods in examining the nature of clinical processes and obtaining deeper understandings about quantitative…

Nelson, Mary Lee; Quintana, Stephen M.

2005-01-01

87

Qualitative Research Designs: Selection and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling psychologists face many approaches from which to choose when they conduct a qualitative research study. This article focuses on the processes of selecting, contrasting, and implementing five different qualitative approaches. Based on an extended example related to test interpretation by counselors, clients, and communities, this article…

Creswell, John W.; Hanson, William E.; Plano Clark, Vicki L.; Morales, Alejandro

2007-01-01

88

Teaching Qualitative Research: Lessons from Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research has become increasingly perceived as well suited to the advancement of counseling psychology, yet opportunities for formal training in qualitative inquiry remain inconsistently available within and across graduate programs. For the potential contribution of this approach to counseling psychology to be realized, graduate…

Poulin, Karen L.

2007-01-01

89

Qualitative Inquiry in Clinical and Educational Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This highly readable text demystifies the qualitative research process--and helps readers conceptualize their own studies--by organizing the different research paradigms and traditions into coherent clusters. Real-world examples and firsthand perspectives illustrate the research process; instructive exercises and activities build on each other so…

Hays, Danica G.; Singh, Anneliese A.

2011-01-01

90

Values in Qualitative and Quantitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors identify the philosophical underpinnings and value-ladenness of major research paradigms. They argue that useful and meaningful research findings for counseling can be generated from both qualitative and quantitative research methodologies, provided that the researcher has an appreciation of the importance of philosophical coherence in…

Duffy, Maureen; Chenail, Ronald J.

2008-01-01

91

Qualitative Research as a Method for Making Just Comparisons of Pedagogic Quality in Higher Education: A Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Systems designed to ensure that teaching and student learning are of a suitable quality are a feature of universities globally. Quality assurance systems are central to attempts to internationalise higher education, motivated in part by a concern for greater global equality. Yet, if such systems incorporate comparisons, the tendency is to reflect…

Abbas, Andrea; McLean, Monica

2007-01-01

92

The use of triangulation in qualitative research.  

PubMed

Triangulation refers to the use of multiple methods or data sources in qualitative research to develop a comprehensive understanding of phenomena (Patton, 1999). Triangulation also has been viewed as a qualitative research strategy to test validity through the convergence of information from different sources. Denzin (1978) and Patton (1999) identified four types of triangulation: (a) method triangulation, (b) investigator triangulation, (c) theory triangulation, and (d) data source triangulation. The current article will present the four types of triangulation followed by a discussion of the use of focus groups (FGs) and in-depth individual (IDI) interviews as an example of data source triangulation in qualitative inquiry. PMID:25158659

Carter, Nancy; Bryant-Lukosius, Denise; DiCenso, Alba; Blythe, Jennifer; Neville, Alan J

2014-09-01

93

Learning the Concept of Researcher as Instrument in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe the process whereby a student with a background in economics was guided to understand the central role in qualitative research of the researcher as instrument. The instructor designed a three-part mock research project designed to provide experiential knowledge of the enterprise of qualitative research. Students, as neophyte…

Xu, Mengxuan Annie; Storr, Gail Blair

2012-01-01

94

Nontraditional Students' Perspectives on College Education: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored nontraditional college students' perspectives on their college education. Forty-three undergraduate students with an average age of 38 years completed 60-minute structured interviews. Qualitative research methodology based on grounded theory was used in data synthesis. Results identified the central concept of hopefulness,…

Chao, Ruth; Good, Glenn E.

2004-01-01

95

Developing Qualitative Research Questions: A Reflective Process  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reflective and interrogative processes required for developing effective qualitative research questions can give shape and direction to a study in ways that are often underestimated. Good research questions do not necessarily produce good research, but poorly conceived or constructed questions will likely create problems that affect all…

Agee, Jane

2009-01-01

96

Qualitative Inquiry into Premarital Sexual Behaviours and Contraceptive Use among Multiethnic Young Women: Implications for Education and Future Research  

PubMed Central

Background This study was a qualitative investigation into sexual attitudes and behaviours, and contraceptive use among Malaysian youth, based on constructs from the health belief model, theory of reasoned action, and problem behaviour theory. Methods A total of 34 focus group discussions with 185 participants were conducted among the Malay (35%), Chinese (34%), and Indian (31%) young females between November, 2010 and April, 2011. The participants were secondary school students and university undergraduates from Selangor and the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur. Results The study found a lack of knowledge about sexual issues and contraception among the participants. Many engaged in unprotected sexual intercourse and relied on periodic abstinence, natural methods, and traditional folk pregnancy preventive practices. The findings also revealed numerous categories of factors influencing sexual attitudes and behaviours: ethnic group and religion, level of religiosity, peer pressure and norms, and parental monitoring. With regard to condom use, factors such as embarrassment about condom acquisition, low perceived susceptibility to sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and perceived efficacy of traditional and folk methods of contraception, were uncovered from the discussions. Conclusion This study underscores the importance of development of culturally specific interventions that address the identified promoting factors of premarital sex. Behavioral interventions to promote condom use should increase awareness about condom effectiveness against not only unwanted pregnancies but also STIs. PMID:23272156

Wong, Li Ping

2012-01-01

97

Building Interdisciplinary Qualitative Research Networks: Reflections on Qualitative Research Group (QRG) at the University of Manitoba  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As qualitative research methodologies continue to evolve and develop, both students and experienced researchers are showing greater interest in learning about and developing new approaches. To meet this need, faculty at the University of Manitoba created the Qualitative Research Group (QRG), a community of practice that utilizes experiential…

Roger, Kerstin Stieber; Halas, Gayle

2012-01-01

98

Teaching Practice in Safety Education: Qualitative Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although health, safety and risk education for school pupils has received growing attention in recent years, for the most part related education programmes and research aimed at assessing those programmes have focused on health education, with relatively little attention paid to the array of immediate safety risks that are confronting pupils…

Shearn, Peter

2006-01-01

99

Shifting Priorities: Reflections on Teaching Qualitative Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to describe pedagogical approaches to qualitative methodology by an instructor of educational psychology at a large research university. The essay begins with an overview of how my graduate training influenced my orientation to empirical study. Next, I will focus on the obstacles encountered when instructing graduate…

Booker, Keonya C.

2009-01-01

100

The use of quotes in qualitative research.  

PubMed

Quoted words and phrases from research participants are a common feature of qualitative research reports. Quoting is a process that requires the achievement of the proper balance between the obligations of scientific reporting and the taking of artistic license. Quotes are used to support researcher claims, illustrate ideas, illuminate experience, evoke emotion, and provoke response. Quoting involves researchers in acts of choosing that lie in the domains of aesthetics and ethics. PMID:7972926

Sandelowski, M

1994-12-01

101

Culturally Competent Qualitative Research with Latino Immigrants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides recommendations for conducting culturally competent qualitative research with Latino immigrants, a historically exploited group that represents more than half of all U.S. immigrants and is continuously growing. Limited research exists on Latino immigrants despite their large presence in the United States. The authors draw…

Ojeda, Lizette; Flores, Lisa Y.; Meza, Rocio Rosales; Morales, Alejandro

2011-01-01

102

Qualitative Research Methods in Mental Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the evidence base for the study of mental health problems develops, there is a need for increasingly rigorous and systematic research methodologies. Complex questions require complex methodological approaches. Recognising this, the MRC guidelines for developing and testing complex interventions place qualitative methods as integral to each stage of intervention development and implementation. However, mental health research has lagged behind

Sarah Peters

2010-01-01

103

Triangulation of communication skills in qualitative research instruments.  

PubMed

Triangulation is a credible and useful method of conducting research which can result in an increase in both quality and quantity of data gathered. The five documented types of triangulation (data, investigator, theoretical, methodological, unit of analysis) do not completely answer all the needs of nurse researchers, particularly in the field of qualitative research. Using more than one method of data collection from within the same research tradition (within-method triangulation) is an accepted and effective technique. Extending the concept of triangulation to include the development of research tools leads to the proposal that the conscious use of two or three types of communication within each qualitative research instrument would improve its effectiveness over a tool which used only one type. This application of 'triangulation of communication skills' is considered within each of the major qualitative research tools, and the benefits outlined. The implications for nursing research and nurse researchers of consciously using non-verbal cues to supplement verbal information are described. It is suggested that using triangulation of communication skills in this way may improve the validity of data obtained and, if clearly documented, increase the credibility of the findings. In particular, when conducting qualitative interviews, the expert use of triangulation of communication skills will enhance the quality and quantity of data gathered. To this end, novice researchers need education and practice in using communication skills to best effect, in order to ensure the validity and completeness of their findings. PMID:8894885

Begley, C M

1996-10-01

104

Facilitating Coherence across Qualitative Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bringing the various elements of qualitative research papers into coherent textual patterns presents challenges for authors and editors alike. Although individual sections such as presentation of the problem, review of the literature, methodology, results, and discussion may each be constructed in a sound logical and structural sense, the…

Chenail, Ronald J.; Duffy, Maureen; St. George, Sally; Wulff, Dan

2011-01-01

105

Visual Sources and the Qualitative Research Dissertation: Ethics, Evidence and the Politics of Academia--Moving Innovation in Higher Education from the Center to the Margins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Until recently, qualitative research has made limited use of visual sources, particularly visual texts (drawing, painting or photographs), but also including multimodal data (video and web-based) and visual data (tables, graphs, charts, etc.). Thus, discussions of ethics and evidence in this area have lagged behind those related to textual data,…

Davidson, Judith; Dottin, James W., Jr.; Penna, Stacy L.; Robertson, Stuart P.

2009-01-01

106

Ethical and Political Issues in Qualitative Research from a Philosophical Point of View.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The moral rules that come into play when researchers engage in qualitative inquiry are explored. Qualitative researchers first need to consider the aims of the research and how it is conducive to the educational good. A primary methodological consideration is to obtain the informed consent of those who participate in the research. The social…

Clark, John A.

107

This essay describes a project in progress that is applying qualitative physics to create new kinds of educational software.  

E-print Network

new kinds of educational software has been one motivation for qualitative physics. Our research has plans for deployment. Why Qualitative Physics is Useful for Science Education There are many motivations new kinds of educational software. We first outline why qualitative physics is an important technology

Forbus, Kenneth D.

108

Enhance Your Team-Based Qualitative Research  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Qualitative research projects often involve the collaborative efforts of a research team. Challenges inherent in teamwork include changes in membership and differences in analytical style, philosophy, training, experience, and skill. This article discusses teamwork issues and tools and techniques used to improve team-based qualitative research. METHODS We drew on our experiences in working on numerous projects of varying, size, duration, and purpose. Through trials of different tools and techniques, expert consultation, and review of the literature, we learned to improve how we build teams, manage information, and disseminate results. RESULTS Attention given to team members and team processes is as important as choosing appropriate analytical tools and techniques. Attentive team leadership, commitment to early and regular team meetings, and discussion of roles, responsibilities, and expectations all help build more effective teams and establish clear norms. As data are collected and analyzed, it is important to anticipate potential problems from differing skills and styles, and how information and files are managed. Discuss analytical preferences and biases and set clear guidelines and practices for how data will be analyzed and handled. As emerging ideas and findings disperse across team members, common tools (such as summary forms and data grids), coding conventions, intermediate goals or products, and regular documentation help capture essential ideas and insights. CONCLUSIONS In a team setting, little should be left to chance. This article identifies ways to improve team-based qualitative research with more a considered and systematic approach. Qualitative researchers will benefit from further examination and discussion of effective, field-tested, team-based strategies. PMID:16046570

Fernald, Douglas H.; Duclos, Christine W.

2005-01-01

109

[Reflexivity as the ethos of qualitative research].  

PubMed

This paper seeks to promote reflection on ethics in anthropological and qualitative research and emphasize the comprehensive, relational and reflective character of this process, as well as the advantages and problems that arise from different logic and often conflicting interests between researchers and their interlocutors. The text is divided into four parts and addresses the ethical: (a) significance of these approaches; (b) behavior of the researcher in the field; (c) analysis of the empirical material; and (d) considerations in the preparation of results of anthropological and qualitative studies, using some classic examples from the international literature. The paper concludes by reflecting on the distinction between the requirements of the Ethics Committee and the Ethics of research itself. It must be clear that the comprehensive sense of ethics which includes the responsibility of the researcher cannot be condensed in the instruments required for the judgment of projects because the following elements are involved in the development of research, namely the social significance of the work, the institutional relations with fund providers, how to treat staff and research students in academic work and commitments with the scientific community. PMID:24820593

Minayo, Maria Cecília de Souza; Guerriero, Iara Coelho Zito

2014-04-01

110

Why we need qualitative research in suicidology.  

PubMed

Using the differentiation between explanations and understanding from philosophy of science as the point of departure, a critical look at the current mainstream suicidological research was launched. An almost exclusive use of quantitative methodology focusing on explanations is demonstrated. This bias in scope and methodology has to a large extent taken the suicidological field into a dead-end of repetitious research. It is argued that an increased focus on understanding and thus extended use of qualitative methodology is essential in bringing the suicidological field forward. PMID:20170263

Hjelmeland, Heidi; Knizek, Birthe Loa

2010-02-01

111

Multiple social contexts in qualitative bereavement research  

PubMed Central

Little research focuses on the ways that bereaved family members react to and make meaning of their experience of the death of an elderly father and husband. In a qualitative, ethnographic study of 34 bereaved families we examined how family members respond to two inter-related social contexts: 1. Social-cultural values and attitudes such as attitudes toward grieving for old persons, and 2. The inter-personal dyadic relationship between interviewer and interviewee. An underlying theme of uncertainty pervades the study participants’ views of what is normal and expected in their own process of bereavement. Implications for future bereavement research are suggested. PMID:22939542

Moss, Miriam S.; Moss, Sidney

2012-01-01

112

Conducting Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the concept of school counselor as researcher. Qualitative research is defined, explained, and differentiated from quantitative research. School counselor questions that lend themselves to qualitative research are explored. The article also discusses the steps of qualitative research in depth, including developing questions,…

Farber, Nancy K.

2006-01-01

113

Re-Examining the Nature of Researcher-Participant Relationships in Qualitative Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative research conversation needs to include a critical examination of a study's relational dimension. Excerpts are presented from two doctoral dissertations that discuss the nature of the researcher-participant relationships formed through the studies. The first dissertation, "Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Educational Portraits of…

Busier, Holly-Lynn; Pigeon, Yvette

114

Issues and Research in Special Education. Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This compilation presents five papers on issues and research in special education. "Qualitative Research in Special Education: An Evaluative Review" (Charles A. Peck and Gail C. Furman) explicates some of the epistemological assumptions underlying qualitative research methods, reviews examples of qualitative research, evaluates the contributions…

Gaylord-Ross, Robert, Ed.

115

Public Health 439 (section 20) Qualitative Research Methods  

E-print Network

Public Health 439 (section 20) Qualitative Research Methods Spring 2012 1 PUB HLTH 439 (section 20) Qualitative Research Methods Spring 2011 Day/Time: Tuesdays, 6:00 ­ 9:00 PM Classroom Location: McGaw 2 research deals with words, spoken and written. This course will focus on qualitative research methods

Chisholm, Rex L.

116

Qualitative Research: An Essential Part of Statistical Cognition Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Our research in statistical cognition uses both qualitative and quantitative methods. A mixed method approach makes our research more comprehensive, and provides us with new directions, unexpected insights, and alternative explanations for previously established concepts. In this paper, we review four statistical cognition studies that used mixed…

Kalinowski, Pav; Lai, Jerry; Fidler, Fiona; Cumming, Geoff

2010-01-01

117

Confirmation and qualitative evidence-instances: justifying the use of qualitative research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a preliminary attempt in outlining the directions for a new approach in confirming qualitative research findings. The basic argument is that traditional Confirmation Theory may be applied to establish a firmer epistemological foundation for the acceptance of hypotheses within qualitative-ethnographic research. While all aspects of Confirmation Theory are not applicable to the qualitative case, because the probability

Steven I. Miller

1990-01-01

118

Getting added value from using qualitative research with randomized controlled trials: a qualitative interview study  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative research is undertaken with randomized controlled trials of health interventions. Our aim was to explore the perceptions of researchers with experience of this endeavour to understand the added value of qualitative research to the trial in practice. Methods A telephone semi-structured interview study with 18 researchers with experience of undertaking the trial and/or the qualitative research. Results Interviewees described the added value of qualitative research for the trial, explaining how it solved problems at the pretrial stage, explained findings, and helped to increase the utility of the evidence generated by the trial. From the interviews, we identified three models of relationship of the qualitative research to the trial. In ‘the peripheral’ model, the trial was an opportunity to undertake qualitative research, with no intention that it would add value to the trial. In ‘the add-on’ model, the qualitative researcher understood the potential value of the qualitative research but it was viewed as a separate and complementary endeavour by the trial lead investigator and wider team. Interviewees described how this could limit the value of the qualitative research to the trial. Finally ‘the integral’ model played out in two ways. In ‘integral-in-theory’ studies, the lead investigator viewed the qualitative research as essential to the trial. However, in practice the qualitative research was under-resourced relative to the trial, potentially limiting its ability to add value to the trial. In ‘integral-in-practice’ studies, interviewees described how the qualitative research was planned from the beginning of the study, senior qualitative expertise was on the team from beginning to end, and staff and time were dedicated to the qualitative research. In these studies interviewees described the qualitative research adding value to the trial although this value was not necessarily visible beyond the original research team due to the challenges of publishing this research. Conclusions Health researchers combining qualitative research and trials viewed this practice as strengthening evaluative research. Teams viewing the qualitative research as essential to the trial, and resourcing it in practice, may have a better chance of delivering its added value to the trial. PMID:24913438

2014-01-01

119

Qualitative Research and Its Place in Psychological Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In discussing the place of diverse qualitative research within psychological science, the authors highlight the potential permeability of the quantitative-qualitative boundary and identify different ways of increasing communication between researchers specializing in different methods. Explicating diversity within qualitative research is…

Madill, Anna; Gough, Brendan

2008-01-01

120

Examining factors associated with intrinsic motivation in physical education: a qualitative approach 1 1 This study was funded by a research grant from the Research Committee of the University of Thessaly (code 2603)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To provide further information regarding factors associated with students’ intrinsic motivation in physical education using a qualitative approach.Design and Methods. Sixteen in-depth interviews were conducted with secondary physical education students who were selected from a pool of 254 students on the basis of their score on relevant questionnaires.Results. Analyses of interview transcripts revealed that factors associated with intrinsic motivation

Maria Hassandra; Marios Goudas; Stiliani Chroni

2003-01-01

121

Qualitative research in evidence-based practice: a valuable partnership  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to discuss the nature of the qualitative research paradigm, with a particular emphasis on the marginalization of qualitative approaches within the current discourse of evidence-based librarianship. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper presents examples of qualitative research in the field of library and information studies, reviews the discourse of EBL as it relates to

Lisa Given

2006-01-01

122

Interactions among Knowledge, Beliefs, and Goals in Framing a Qualitative Study in Statistics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the recent past, qualitative research methods have become more prevalent in the field of statistics education. This paper offers thoughts on the process of framing a qualitative study by means of an illustrative example. The decisions that influenced the framing of a study of pre-service teachers' understanding of the concept of statistical…

Groth, Randall E.

2010-01-01

123

Working "Our" Hyphens: Exploring Identity Relations in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through the work of Michelle Fine and others, researchers are encouraged to examine the processes of qualitative research in a manner that attends to the lived experiences of those who participate in a given research project. The authors explore identity relations in qualitative research, specifically asking how their research projects are…

Wagle, Tina; Cantaffa, David T.

2008-01-01

124

“Insider accounts”: a qualitative research method for small firms  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to present a detailed description of the qualitative research method adopted by the author in his doctoral research into the investment decision-making process in small manufacturing enterprises; and to inform small firm researchers generally, particularly those who may be considering the use of a qualitative research methodology for the first time in

Ignatius Ekanem

2007-01-01

125

Praxis to Practice: Putting Qualitative Methods To Work for Rural Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines issues and areas of concern for the educational researcher moving from the relative safety of academic research to the more perilous arena of practice-oriented or action-oriented qualitative research. The first question is one of purity or objectivity: giving credibility to research results by imposing adequate rigor on methods…

Lawrence, Barbara Kent

126

Qualitative Inquiry into Local Education Administration in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The level of educational development in Pakistan is low. A decentralisation reform was introduced in 2000 to improve the delivery of basic education by designating the local government body with primary responsibility for administering it. A qualitative field study on local education administration at the North West Frontier Province found…

Komatsu, Taro

2009-01-01

127

An Exemplar for Teaching and Learning Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, we outline a course wherein the instructors teach students how to conduct rigorous qualitative research. We discuss the four major distinct, but overlapping, phases of the course: conceptual/theoretical, technical, applied, and emergent scholar. Students write several qualitative reports, called qualitative notebooks, which…

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Leech, Nancy L.; Slate, John R.; Stark, Marcella; Sharma, Bipin; Frels, Rebecca; Harris, Kristin; Combs, Julie P.

2012-01-01

128

The Value of Open Source Software Tools in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an era of global networks, researchers using qualitative methods must consider the impact of any software they use on the sharing of data and findings. In this essay, I identify researchers' main areas of concern regarding the use of qualitative software packages for research. I then examine how open source software tools, wherein the publisher…

Greenberg, Gary

2011-01-01

129

Turning Points in Qualitative Research: Tying Knots in a Handkerchief. Crossroads in Qualitative Inquiry Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chapters of this volume traces the changes in the discipline of qualitative inquiry over the last five decades. The collection serves as a textbook for training scholars in the history and trajectory of qualitative research. The chapters of part 1, The Revolution of Representation: Feminist and Race/Ethnic Studies Discourses, are: (1) Situated…

Lincoln, Yvonna S., Ed.; Denzin, Norman K., Ed.

130

Using Qualitative Research Strategies in Cross-National Projects: The English-Finnish Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Some methodological issues are discussed that arise from our comparative research conducted since the early 1990s into primary schooling in Finland and England. This research has been identified as part of a "new" comparative education that uses qualitative research strategies and which prioritises sensitivity to cultural context in data…

Vulliamy, Graham; Webb, Rosemary

2009-01-01

131

Blending Qualitative & Quantitative Research Methods in Theses and Dissertations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide discusses combining qualitative and quantitative research methods in theses and dissertations. It covers a wide array of methods, the strengths and limitations of each, and how they can be effectively interwoven into various research designs. The first chapter is "The Qualitative and the Quantitative." Part 1, "A Catalogue of…

Thomas, R. Murray

132

Can Qualitative Researchers Answer Policymakers' What-Works Question?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article asks whether constructivist qualitative researchers have anything to offer policymakers who expect researchers to tell them what works. The first part of the article addresses philosophical objections to characterizing the social world in cause/effect terms. Specifically, it considers whether it is legitimate for qualitative

Donmoyer, Robert

2012-01-01

133

Trends in Qualitative Research in Language Teaching since 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews developments in qualitative research in language teaching since the year 2000, focusing on its contributions to the field and identifying issues that emerge. Its aims are to identify those areas in language teaching where qualitative research has the greatest potential and indicate what needs to be done to further improve the…

Richards, Keith

2009-01-01

134

Translational Educational Research  

PubMed Central

Medical education research contributes to translational science (TS) when its outcomes not only impact educational settings, but also downstream results, including better patient-care practices and improved patient outcomes. Simulation-based medical education (SBME) has demonstrated its role in achieving such distal results. Effective TS also encompasses implementation science, the science of health-care delivery. Educational, clinical, quality, and safety goals can only be achieved by thematic, sustained, and cumulative research programs, not isolated studies. Components of an SBME TS research program include motivated learners, curriculum grounded in evidence-based learning theory, educational resources, evaluation of downstream results, a productive research team, rigorous research methods, research resources, and health-care system acceptance and implementation. National research priorities are served from translational educational research. National funding priorities should endorse the contribution and value of translational education research. PMID:23138127

Issenberg, S. Barry; Cohen, Elaine R.; Barsuk, Jeffrey H.; Wayne, Diane B.

2012-01-01

135

The Modern University, Qualitative Research, and Leadership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper uses the occasion of reviewing three books on university issues and higher education to discuss the ability of university faculty to enter into dialogue and discussion about higher education. The paper reviews the following books: "The Idea of a Modern University" (edited by Sidney Hook and others) a book which presents the views of…

Fincher, Cameron

136

Australian Education Journals: Quantitative and Qualitative Indicators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study that applied citation-based measurements to Australian education journals. Citations data were drawn from two sources, Web of Science and Scopus, and these data were used to calculate each journal's impact factor, "h"-index, and diffusion factor. The rankings resulting from these analyses were compared with draft…

Haddow, Gaby; Genoni, Paul

2009-01-01

137

Qualitatively Different: Mathematics Education for Teachers. Newsletter  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A key section of the report "Foundations for Success: The Final Report of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel" focuses on "Teachers and Teacher Education." The panel found that differences in teacher attributes contributed to differences in the mathematics achievement of their students. One panel recommendation that is central to improved…

Oakes, Abner

2009-01-01

138

Virtual Instruction: A Qualitative Research Laboratory Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Online graduate programs in psychology are becoming common; however, a concern has been whether instructors in the programs provide adequate research mentoring. One issue surrounding research mentoring is the absence of research laboratories in the virtual university. Students attending online universities often do research without peer or lab…

Stadtlander, Lee M.; Giles, Martha J.

2010-01-01

139

Qualitative Investigation of Doctoral Students' Learning Experiences in Online Research Methods Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although distance education courses have become commonplace in most colleges and universities, the introduction of online research methods courses in the preparation of doctoral students has been slow in developing. This qualitative study explores the online learning experiences of doctoral students who have taken 1 or more of their research

Lim, Jae Hoon; Dannels, Sharon A.; Watkins, Ryan

2008-01-01

140

How People Interpret Healthy Eating: Contributions of Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To identify how qualitative research has contributed to understanding the ways people in developed countries interpret healthy eating. Design: Bibliographic database searches identified reports of qualitative, empirical studies published in English, peer-reviewed journals since 1995. Data Analysis: Authors coded, discussed, recoded, and…

Bisogni, Carole A.; Jastran, Margaret; Seligson, Marc; Thompson, Alyssa

2012-01-01

141

Aesthetic Forms of Data Representation in Qualitative Family Therapy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article we provide a rationale for using alternative, aesthetic methods of qualitative representation (e.g., creative writing, art, music, performance, poetry) in qualitative family therapy research. We also provide illustrative examples of methods that bring findings to life, and involve the audience in reflecting on their meaning. One…

Piercy, Fred P.; Benson, Kristen

2005-01-01

142

The application of qualitative research findings to oncology nursing practice.  

PubMed

The Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) has established an ambitious research agenda and professional priorities based on a survey by LoBiondo-Wood et al. (2014). With the overall goal to "improve cancer care and the lives of individuals with cancer" (Moore & Badger, 2014, p. 93) through research activities, translating those research findings to direct clinical practice can be overwhelming. As clinicians, understanding how to critique research for quality prior to incorporating research findings into practice is important. The ultimate goal in this critique is to ensure that decisions made about patient care are based on strong evidence. However, the process for appraisal of qualitative research can be ambiguous and often contradictory as a result of the elusive aspect of quality in qualitative research methods (Seale, 1999). In addition, with more than 100 tools available to evaluate qualitative research studies (Higgins & Green, 2011), a lack of consensus exists on how to critically appraise research findings. PMID:25355024

Cuthbert, Colleen Ann; Moules, Nancy

2014-11-01

143

Practical guidelines for qualitative research using online forums.  

PubMed

With an increasing number of Internet research in general, the number of qualitative Internet studies has recently increased. Online forums are one of the most frequently used qualitative Internet research methods. Despite an increasing number of online forum studies, very few articles have been written to provide practical guidelines to conduct an online forum as a qualitative research method. In this article, practical guidelines in using an online forum as a qualitative research method are proposed based on three previous online forum studies. First, the three studies are concisely described. Practical guidelines are proposed based on nine idea categories related to issues in the three studies: (a) a fit with research purpose and questions, (b) logistics, (c) electronic versus conventional informed consent process, (d) structure and functionality of online forums, (e) interdisciplinary team, (f) screening methods, (g) languages, (h) data analysis methods, and (i) getting participants' feedback. PMID:22918135

Im, Eun-Ok; Chee, Wonshik

2012-11-01

144

Mixed Methodology Research Design in Educational Technology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent times many educational researchers have moved away from the traditional purist approach of strictly adopting either a qualitative or quantitative approach to conducting research. Instead they have attempted an eclectic mix of both methods in their research inquiry, combining aspects of both the traditions at various stages of their…

Kumar, Muthu

2007-01-01

145

Visual Evidence in Qualitative Research: The Role of Videorecording  

Microsoft Academic Search

Videorecording allows the researcher to record and replay the pictures and sound of an event. As such, it can be a valuable research tool. Nevertheless, it is not just a simple measuring instrument. As a qualitative research data gathering tool, videorecordings should be authenticated. Researchers should indicate clearly the role of this tool in their work and discuss the factors

Sorrel Penn-Edwards

146

Speed Bumps: A Student-Friendly Guide to Qualitative Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to help undergraduate and graduate students begin a discussion about the technicalities, politics, and ethics surrounding qualitative research, focusing on research in the interest of social justice. It offers a view of how two researchers have conceptualized their own research process and renders problematic many of the…

Weis, Lois; Fine, Michelle

147

Ethical challenges embedded in qualitative research interviews with close relatives.  

PubMed

Nurse researchers engaged in qualitative interviews with patients and spouses in healthcare may often experience being in unforeseen ethical dilemmas. Researchers are guided by the bioethical principles of justice, beneficence, non-maleficence, respect for human rights and respect for autonomy through the entire research process. However, these principles are not sufficient to prepare researchers for unanticipated ethical dilemmas related to qualitative research interviews. We describe and discuss ethically challenging and difficult moments embedded in two cases from our own phenomenological interview studies. We argue that qualitative interviews involve navigation between being guided by bioethics as a researcher, being a therapist/nurse and being a fellow human being or even a friend. The researchers' premises to react to unexpected situations and act in a sound ethical manner must be enhanced, and there is a need for an increased focus on the researchers' ethical preparation and to continually address and discuss cases from their own interviews. PMID:23774032

Haahr, Anita; Norlyk, Annelise; Hall, Elisabeth Oc

2014-02-01

148

Structured Qualitative Research: Organizing "Mountains of Words" for Data Analysis, both Qualitative and Quantitative  

PubMed Central

Qualitative research creates mountains of words. U.S. federal funding supports mostly structured qualitative research, which is designed to test hypotheses using semi-quantitative coding and analysis. The authors have 30 years of experience in designing and completing major qualitative research projects, mainly funded by the US National Institute on Drug Abuse [NIDA]. This article reports on strategies for planning, organizing, collecting, managing, storing, retrieving, analyzing, and writing about qualitative data so as to most efficiently manage the mountains of words collected in large-scale ethnographic projects. Multiple benefits accrue from this approach. Several different staff members can contribute to the data collection, even when working from remote locations. Field expenditures are linked to units of work so productivity is measured, many staff in various locations have access to use and analyze the data, quantitative data can be derived from data that is primarily qualitative, and improved efficiencies of resources are developed. The major difficulties involve a need for staff who can program and manage large databases, and who can be skillful analysts of both qualitative and quantitative data. PMID:20222777

Johnson, Bruce D.; Dunlap, Eloise; Benoit, Ellen

2008-01-01

149

A Qualitative Study on Changes of Educational Values among Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to evaluate both the positive and negative changes in the aims and practices of current schools and, in addition, identify teacher values that have influenced the Turkish educational system from the early years of the Turkish Republic till now. With this in mind, a set of semi structured open-ended…

Basol, Gulsah; Bardakci, Salih

2008-01-01

150

Qualitative Characteristics of Educationally High-Risk Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Available from: Council for Exceptional Children, 1920 Association Drive, Reston, Virginia 22091. A followup study of 60 children (from kindergarten through third grade) in a middle to low socioeconomic area identified factors which qualitatively differentiate educationally high-risk and non risk children. (BD)

Hall, Robert J.; Keogh, Barbara K.

1978-01-01

151

A Qualitative Inquiry of Wisdom Development: Educators' Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study draws on the perspectives of educators to explore the factors and processes underlying wisdom development. We interviewed 25 wise Taiwanese nominees and used a grounded theory method to analyze the qualitative data. The wise nominees mentioned eight facilitative factors, including work experiences, life experiences, social interactions,…

Chen, Li-Ming; Wu, Pi-Ju; Cheng, Ying-Yao; Hsueh, Hsiu-I

2011-01-01

152

A Qualitative Case Study Exploring the Nature of New Managerialism in UK Higher Education and Its Impact on Individual Academics' Experience of Doing Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New Managerialism (NM) has been used as an analytical framework to help understand the changes within the UK Higher Education Sector. This project sought to extend that work by undertaking a case study of an English university. Using the theory of NM, the study combined organisational description, strategic document review and in-depth interviews…

Nickson, Alicen

2014-01-01

153

Pluralisms in Qualitative Research: From Multiple Methods to Integrated Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pluralism offers promising ways forward for qualitative research, invoking the use of multiple methods to investigate complex social questions. Drawing on two different research projects, we reflexively demonstrate, discuss, and illustrate our processes of working pluralistically. In various ways, we argue that multiple methods function smoothly if they are closely aligned with the broad assumptions underpinning the research, resulting in

Kerry Chamberlain; Trudie Cain; Joanna Sheridan; Ann Dupuis

2011-01-01

154

Rethinking Texts: Narrative and the Construction of Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines how a theory of narrative can be used to deconstruct qualitative research texts. Although research texts are a distinct genre in comparison with works of fiction, the basic components of literary activity are similar. Researchers structure and emphasize data and participants in various ways to tell a logical story. Narrative…

Holley, Karri A.; Colyar, Julia

2009-01-01

155

Mentoring doctoral students for qualitative research: interviews with experienced nursing faculty in Japan.  

PubMed

This study aimed to describe the process of mentoring doctoral students for qualitative research in Japanese graduate programs in nursing. Nine experienced faculty-seven nurse researchers and two sociologists-were interviewed. Participants were asked about their process of mentoring students for qualitative nursing dissertations. Data analysis was conducted using a qualitative descriptive method. Participants' age ranged from 48 to 60 years. The first theme in the mentoring process is about the individualized, one-on-one mentorship process. The second theme occurs in a group process. The third theme is coordinating mentors and establishing a network to support the evaluation system. The mentoring processes identified in this study will be useful for future faculty development. The study elucidated much room for improvement in doctoral education programs for qualitative research methods in nursing science. PMID:23506173

Kayama, Mami; Gregg, Misuzu F; Asahara, Kiyomi; Yamamoto-Mitani, Noriko; Okuma, Keiko; Ohta, Kikuko; Kinoshita, Yasuhito

2013-05-01

156

Developing and piloting an online graduate nursing course focused on experiential learning of qualitative research methods.  

PubMed

Despite the turmoil of a worldwide economic crisis, the health sector remains largely understaffed, and the nursing shortage represents a major issue that jeopardizes graduate nursing education. Access to education remains a challenge, particularly in rural and remote areas. This article reports the process of developing an asynchronous online qualitative research course. This online course was piloted among 16 interdisciplinary students. Participants agreed that experiential learning was useful to understand the intricacies of qualitative research. Within this constructivist approach, students were immersed in real-life experiences, which focused on the development of skills applicable to qualitative research. Based on the findings, we suggest that constructivism and the Four-Component Instructional Design (4C/ID) model (a four-part approach for fostering the development of complex skills) represent valuable ontological and pedagogical approaches that can be used in online courses. Triangulating these two approaches is also congruent with the student-centered philosophy that underpins nursing graduate programs. PMID:22533499

Holtslander, Lorraine F; Racine, Louise; Furniss, Shari; Burles, Meridith; Turner, Hollie

2012-06-01

157

Why We Need Qualitative Research in Suicidology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the differentiation between "explanations" and "understanding" from philosophy of science as the point of departure, a critical look at the current mainstream suicidological research was launched. An almost exclusive use of quantitative methodology focusing on "explanations" is demonstrated. This bias in scope and methodology has to a large…

Hjelmeland, Heidi; Knizek, Birthe Loa

2010-01-01

158

Aspects of Qualitative Research in Suicidology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following article is based on twelve years experience with psychodynamically-oriented psychotherapy for suicidal patients at the Center for Therapy and Studies of Suicidal Behaviour (TZS) at the University Hospital of Eppendorf in Hamburg. Our work in psychotherapy, as well as the accompanying scientific research, is guided by an explicit psychodynamic approach to which, however, an objective quantitative method is

Benigna Gerisch

2002-01-01

159

Leading with integrity: a qualitative research study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research paper gives an account of a study into the relationship between leadership and integrity. There is a critical analysis of the current literature for effective, successful and ethical leadership particularly, integrity. The purpose and aim of this paper is to build on the current notions of leadership within the literature, debate contemporary approaches, focussing specifically on practices within

Lorna Storr

2004-01-01

160

Comparing Educational Leadership Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational leadership practice is embedded and shaped in its own context. However, contemporary policy makers are keen to use research findings from multiple educational systems to produce overall, generic models of best leadership practice. Therefore, research needs to encompass analyses of the political, societal, cultural, and institutional…

Moos, Lejf

2013-01-01

161

Conducting Educational Design Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational design research blends scientific investigation with systematic development and implementation of solutions to educational problems. Empirical investigation is conducted in real learning settings--not laboratories--to craft usable and effective solutions. At the same time, the research is carefully structured to produce theoretical…

McKenney, Susan; Reeves, Thomas

2012-01-01

162

Qualitative research and the profound grasp of the obvious.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To discuss the value of promoting coexistent and complementary relationships between qualitative and quantitative research methods as illustrated by presentations made by four respected health services researchers who described their experiences in multi-method projects. DATA SOURCES: Presentations and publications related to the four research projects, which described key substantive and methodological areas that had been addressed with qualitative techniques. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Sponsor interest in timely, insightful, and reality-anchored evidence has provided a strong base of support for the incorporation of qualitative methods into major contemporary policy research studies. In addition, many issues may be suitable for study only with qualitative methods because of their complexity, their emergent nature, or because of the need to revisit and reexamine previously untested assumptions. CONCLUSION: Experiences from the four projects, as well as from other recent health services studies with major qualitative components, support the assertion that the interests of sponsors in the policy realm and pressure from them suppress some of the traditional tensions and antagonisms between qualitative and quantitative methods. PMID:10591276

Hurley, R E

1999-01-01

163

Educational Research Methods: A Web Course.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An introduction to various types of research methods for students in education and psychology is not only informative, but it also allows students to better understand the advantages and disadvantages of both quantitative and qualitative research methods. A valuable exercise in the Web-based course for helping students identify what type of…

Schumacker, Randall E.

164

Educational Research and Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Combining classic articles that have been key markers in recent debates with new and influential material, this book addresses the problems involved in educational research and the issues surrounding its contribution to policymaking and practice. The authors examine the diverse approaches within qualitative research and address some of the key…

Hammersley, Martyn, Ed.

2007-01-01

165

Opportunity Knocks: Closing the Gaps between Leaders and the Public on Math, Science, & Technology Education--A Qualitative Research Report on the Kansas City Region  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Kansas City region is in many ways representative of the larger national economy. As with many cities of its size, the largest area of employment, other than in government, is in the healthcare sector. While biomedical research is a major growth area across the nation, Kansas City is also the national leader in the animal healthcare industry,…

Kadlec, Alison; Friedman, Will

2010-01-01

166

Qualitative Research in CKD: An Overview of Methods and Applications.  

PubMed

There recently has been a paradigm shift in health care policies and research toward greater patient centeredness. A core tenet of patient-centered care is that patients' needs, values, and preferences are respected in clinical decision making. Qualitative research methods are designed to generate insights about patients' priorities, values, and beliefs. However, in the past 5 years (2008-2013), only 23 (0.4%) of the 6,043 original articles published in the top 5 nephrology journals (assessed by impact factor) were qualitative studies. Given this observation, it seems important to promote awareness and better understanding within the nephrology community about qualitative research and how the findings can contribute to improving the quality and outcomes of care for patients with chronic kidney disease. This article outlines examples of how qualitative research can generate insight into the values and preferences of patients with chronic kidney disease, provides an overview of qualitative health research methods, and discusses practical applications for research, practice, and policy. PMID:24768353

Tong, Allison; Winkelmayer, Wolfgang C; Craig, Jonathan C

2014-09-01

167

A Proposed Model of Retransformed Qualitative Data within a Mixed Methods Research Design  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most models of mixed methods research design provide equal emphasis of qualitative and quantitative data analyses and interpretation. Other models stress one method more than the other. The present article is a discourse about the investigator's decision to employ a mixed method design to examine special education teachers' advocacy and…

Palladino, John M.

2009-01-01

168

Complementary, Not Contradictory: The Spurious Conflict between Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methodologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

R. Zubir and M. Pope (1984) and K. Howe (1985, 1988) have argued against the "tyranny of methodological dogma" and that the division between quantitative psychometric and qualitative phenomenological and anthropological traditions is unnecessary. The postmodern self-consciousness of educational research has resulted in the realization that there…

Mashhadi, Azam

169

Contributions of Qualitative Research to Understanding Savings for Children and Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores contributions of qualitative research to saving theory for children, youth, and parents in children's development account (CDAs) programs. It brings together findings from three studies: (1) elementary school age children saving for college, (2) youth transitioning from foster care saving for education and other purposes, and…

Sherraden, Margaret; Peters, Clark; Wagner, Kristen; Guo, Baorong; Clancy, Margaret

2013-01-01

170

Giving Voice to Critical Campus Issues. Qualitative Research in Student Affairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book presents six qualitative research studies written by graduate students in the Higher Education and Student Affairs masters program at the University of Vermont. The papers provide case studies concerning suicide, acquaintance rape, alcohol-related student death, classism, adult children of alcoholics, and multiracial identity. Following…

Manning, Kathleen, Ed.

171

[Changes in the perceptions of qualitative research and investigation].  

PubMed

Qualitative research and investigation has proven to be fundamental in sanitary practice and brings to bear a body of knowledge which can not be provided by other methods; although classically it has been considered a less scientific method of research, this perception which has changed in recent years. PMID:16459875

Calderon, Carlos

2005-12-01

172

Evaluating the Level of Evidence of Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Guidelines for evaluating the levels of evidence based on quantitative research are well established. However, the same cannot be said for the evaluation of qualitative research. This article discusses a process members of an evidence-based clinical practice guideline development team with the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses used to create a scoring system to determine the strength

Sandra Cesario; Karen Morin; Anne Santa-Donato

173

Rethinking consumer disadvantage: the importance of qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides insight into the behaviour and attitudes of an under-researched group of consumers, and identifies some useful pointers for future research on consumer disadvantage. More specifically, the paper explores the relationships between the potential causes of consumer disadvantage, forms of consumer disadvantage and accessibility. The exploratory study consisted of a combination of quantitative (diary survey) and qualitative (semi-structured

Lucy Woodliffe

2004-01-01

174

The Agonistic Approach: Reframing Resistance in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The agonistic approach--aimed at embracing opposing perspectives as part of a qualitative research process and acknowledging that process as fundamentally political--sheds light on both the construction of and the resistance to research identities. This approach involves reflexively embedding interview situations into the ethnographic context as a…

Vitus, Kathrine

2008-01-01

175

The politics of historical discourse analysis: a qualitative research method?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article deals with the ways in which historical discourse analysis is at once different from and similar to research described as qualitative or quantitative. It discusses the consequences of applying the standards of such methods to historical discourse analysis. It is pointed out that although the merit of research using historical discourse analysis must not be judged by the

Ingólfur Ásgeir Jóhannesson

2010-01-01

176

Journalistic Observation as a Qualitative Research Method for Sociology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A comparison is made between the tools of observation and research used by journalists to study society and the media, and the qualitative and clinical research tools used in the social and psychological sciences. The first part of the paper, a journalistic approach to sociology, traces the notion of the sociologist as a super-reporter using…

Burd, Gene

177

Building Confidence in Qualitative Research: Engaging the Demands of Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quality of qualitative research has been subject to considerable criticism recently, partly driven by the development of an international movement for "evidence-based policy and practice." In the United States, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are posited by some as the best way of producing reliable research knowledge. Also, responses to…

Torrance, Harry

2008-01-01

178

Strategies for Improving Participation in Diabetes Education. A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Diabetes mellitus is highly prevalent and can lead to serious complications and mortality. Patient education can help to avoid negative outcomes, but up to half of the patients do not participate. The aim of this study was to analyze patients' attitudes towards diabetes education in order to identify barriers to participation and develop strategies for better patient education. Methods We conducted a qualitative study. Seven GP practices were purposively selected based on socio-demographic data of city districts in Hamburg, Germany. Study participants were selected by their GPs in order to increase participation. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with 14 patients. Interviews were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. The sample size was determined by data saturation. Data were analysed by qualitative content analysis. Categories were determined deductively and inductively. Results The interviews yielded four types of barriers: 1) Statements and behaviour of the attending physician influence the patients' decisions about diabetes education. 2) Both, a good state of health related to diabetes and physical/psychosocial comorbidity can be reasons for non-participation. 3) Manifold motivational factors were discussed. They ranged from giving low priority to diabetes to avoidance of implications of diabetes education as being confronted with illness narratives of others. 4) Barriers also include aspects of the patients' knowledge and activity. Conclusions First, physicians should encourage patients to participate in diabetes education and argue that they can profit even if actual treatment and examination results are promising. Second, patients with other priorities, psychic comorbidity or functional limitations might profit more from continuous individualized education adapted to their specific situation instead of group education. Third, it might be justified that patients do not participate in diabetes education if they have slightly increased blood sugar values only and no risk for harmful consequences or if they already have sufficient knowledge on diabetes. PMID:24733428

Schafer, Ingmar; Pawels, Marc; Kuver, Claudia; Pohontsch, Nadine Janis; Scherer, Martin; van den Bussche, Hendrik; Kaduszkiewicz, Hanna

2014-01-01

179

Educational Research in Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents eight conference papers which discuss the impact and functions of European national research institutions. The main aim of the conference was to provide an opportunity for directors of research institutions to exchange ideas and information with peers in other countries. Educational research is discussed from three points of…

Carelli, M. Dino, Ed.; Sachsenmeier, Peter, Ed.

180

Education research Subject knowledge  

E-print Network

Education research Subject knowledge and pedagogy in science teacher training October 2011 #12;Subject knowledge and pedagogy in science teacher training John Holman, Senior Fellow for Education subject knowledge (as opposed to general teaching skills), and whether there are significant variations

Rambaut, Andrew

181

Observations on positivism and pseudoscience in qualitative nursing research.  

PubMed

In this paper I will examine the boundaries between positivism, interpretivism and pseudoscience, arguing that some qualitative researchers may risk the credibility of nursing research by utilizing concepts from the margins of science. There are two major threats to the perceived rigour and credibility of qualitative research in its many forms. First is a trend in some work towards a mystical view of both the methods and the content of the qualitative enterprise. This can be detected, I will argue, in the work of Rosemary Parse in particular. The second potentially damaging trend is almost its epistemological opposite, towards excessive reliance on precise procedures, strict definitions and verification exemplified by Juliet Corbin and others. I will suggest that this is nothing to fear, but something to be clear about. This is not social constructionism or interpretivism but a 'qualitative' version of positivism. The paper concludes that students and researchers should be cautious in the uncritical acceptance of theories and 'research' which approach the boundaries of pseudoscience on the one hand, and 'hard' science on the other. PMID:10403982

Johnson, M

1999-07-01

182

An Online Forum As a Qualitative Research Method: Practical Issues  

PubMed Central

Background Despite positive aspects of online forums as a qualitative research method, very little is known about practical issues involved in using online forums for data collection, especially for a qualitative research project. Objectives The purpose of this paper is to describe the practical issues that the researchers encountered in implementing an online forum as a qualitative component of a larger study on cancer pain experience. Method Throughout the study process, the research staff recorded issues ranged from minor technical problems to serious ethical dilemmas as they arose and wrote memos about them. The memos and written records of discussions were reviewed and analyzed using the content analysis suggested by Weber. Results Two practical issues related to credibility were identified: a high response and retention rate and automatic transcripts. An issue related to dependability was the participants’ easy forgetfulness. The issues related to confirmability were difficulties in theoretical saturation and unstandardized computer and Internet jargon. A security issue related to hacking attempts was noted as well. Discussion The analysis of these issues suggests several implications for future researchers who want to use online forums as a qualitative data collection method. PMID:16849979

Im, Eun-Ok; Chee, Wonshik

2008-01-01

183

The Value of Qualitative Methods in Social Validity Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One quality indicator of intervention research is the extent to which the intervention has a high degree of social validity, or practicality. In this study, I drew on Wolf's framework for social validity and used qualitative methods to ascertain five middle schoolteachers' perceptions of the social validity of System 44®--a phonics-based…

Leko, Melinda M.

2014-01-01

184

Teaching Qualitative Research Methods through Service-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is the result of a voluntary service-learning component in a qualitative research methods course. For this course, the service-learning project was the evaluation of the benefits to volunteers who work a crisis hotline for a local crisis intervention center. The service-learning course model used in this paper most closely resembles the…

Machtmes, Krisanna; Johnson, Earl; Fox, Janet; Burke, Mary S.; Harper, Jeannie; Arcemont, Lisa; Hebert, Lanette; Tarifa, Todd; Brooks, Roy C., Jr.; Reynaud, Andree L.; Deggs, David; Matzke, Brenda; Aguirre, Regina T. P.

2009-01-01

185

WOMEN'S EXPERIENCES OF ABUSE: A REVIEW OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews qualitative research published within the past 15 years based on women's first person accounts of their abuse experiences. Battered women's accounts of their experiences in abusive relationships aid in understanding why they stay, how they cope, and how others can help. Women's views of the emotional consequences of battering, the process of leaving, and the impact of

Martha R. Sleutel

1998-01-01

186

Shared Journaling as Peer Support in Teaching Qualitative Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching qualitative research methods (QRM), particularly early on in one's academic career, can be challenging. This paper describes shared peer journaling as one way in which to cope with challenges such as complex debates in the field and student resistance to interpretive paradigms. Literature on teaching QRM and the pedagogical value of…

Humble, Aine M.; Sharp, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

187

Evocative Cues and Presence: Relational Consciousness within Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper introduces an example of how pictures were used to facilitate exploration of spiritual aspects of self, as a basis for qualitative research, with young people aged 15-18 years. The author considers how spiritually moving and stirring experiences may be related to the notion of a direct, participatory embodied attunement to the world.…

Pearmain, Rosalind

2007-01-01

188

To Give Good Science: Doing Qualitative Research in the Afterward  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the "afterward" for qualitative research in the ruins of NCLB and its failure to deliver. In the space opened up "after" the dominance of the gold standard bullying and "metric mania" of neo-positivism, I articulate a post-retirement project on the weight of sports in U.S. secondary schools out…

Lather, Patti

2014-01-01

189

Under Construction: How Narrative Elements Shape Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers how narrative constructs could be used to strengthen the writing process. The authors outline the narratological devices of plot, point of view, authorial distance, and character, and examine how these concepts can be used when writing with qualitative data. Narratological tools equip the researcher to selectively manage the…

Holley, Karri; Colyar, Julia

2012-01-01

190

Researching Museum Educators' Perceptions of their Roles, Identity, and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents research relating to how science museum educators perceive their roles, identity, and practice. This qualitative study examines: (1) what brings museum educators to and sustains them in their profession; (2) how museum educators view their roles and work; and (3) what knowledge, skills, and attitudes museum educators identify…

Bailey, Elsa B.

2006-01-01

191

[Quantitative and qualitative research methods, can they coexist yet?].  

PubMed

Qualitative design is gaining ground in Nursing research. In spite of a relative progress however, the evidence based practice movement continues to dominate and to underline the exclusive value of quantitative design (particularly that of randomized clinical trials) for clinical decision making. In the actual context convenient to those in power making utilitarian decisions on one hand, and facing nursing criticism of the establishment in favor of qualitative research on the other hand, it is difficult to chose a practical and ethical path that values the nursing role within the health care system, keeping us committed to quality care and maintaining researcher's integrity. Both qualitative and quantitative methods have advantages and disadvantages, and clearly, none of them can, by itself, capture, describe and explain reality adequately. Therefore, a balance between the two methods is needed. Researchers bare responsibility to society and science, and they should opt for the appropriate design susceptible to answering the research question, not promote the design favored by the research funding distributors. PMID:21800639

Hunt, Elena; Lavoie, Anne-Marise

2011-06-01

192

Voices of Hispanic College Students: A Content Analysis of Qualitative Research within the "Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Sciences"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As Hispanic students continue to be an underrepresented cultural group in higher education, researchers are called to uncover the challenging and complex experience of this diverse group of students. Using the constant comparative method, these researchers conducted a content analysis of the qualitative research on the experiences of Hispanic…

Storlie, Cassandra A.; Moreno, Luis S.; Portman, Tarrell Awe Agahe

2014-01-01

193

Research that Matters: Qualitative Research in the Service of Social Transformation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article summarizes the keynote address delivered at the 23rd Annual Ethnographic & Qualitative Research Conference. It is routine for qualitative researchers to "locate" themselves, sharing their history in relation to the settings/contexts, issues, vocabularies, identities, and other factors associated with their topic of inquiry. In this…

Biklen, Douglas P.

2011-01-01

194

YouTube as a Qualitative Research Asset: Reviewing User Generated Videos as Learning Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

YouTube, the video hosting service, offers students, teachers, and practitioners of qualitative researchers a unique reservoir of video clips introducing basic qualitative research concepts, sharing qualitative data from interviews and field observations, and presenting completed research studies. This web-based site also affords qualitative

Chenail, Ronald J.

2011-01-01

195

Understanding Qualitative Metasynthesis: Issues and Opportunities in Early Childhood Intervention Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative metasynthesis is an intentional and coherent approach to analyzing data across qualitative studies. It is a process that enables researchers to identify a specific research question and then search for, select, appraise, summarize, and combine qualitative evidence to address the research question. This process uses rigorous qualitative

Erwin, Elizabeth J.; Brotherson, Mary Jane; Summers, Jean Ann

2011-01-01

196

isaster Research & Education  

E-print Network

C enter forD isaster Research & Education Master of Science in Emergency Management As A PATH program and the undergraduate Environmental Hazards and Emergency Management Minor are offered through the CDRE. ABOUT THE MASTER OF SCIENCE IN EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT The Master of Science in Emergency Management

Hardy, Christopher R.

197

Education research Primary Science  

E-print Network

Education research Primary Science Survey Report December 2011 #12;Primary Science Survey Report, Wellcome Trust 1 Background In May 2009 Key Stage 2 science SATs (Standard Assessment Tests) were abolished fiasco might occur, where the results were delayed and their quality questioned. The loss of science SATs

Rambaut, Andrew

198

Legal Research for Educators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is in the form of a bibliographic essay, and addresses the needs of educators seeking access to legal research materials. The first item discussed is court decisions and examples are given which demonstrate the importance of legal precedent. An explanation is given of the complicated systems for reporting court decisions and how the…

Lowe, David; Watters, Annette Jones

199

Using Qualitative Research to Bridge Research, Policy, and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Too often, researchers get a bad name for engaging in inquiry that is inaccessible to the practitioner and policy communities who could most benefit from it. Although speaking to others in the scholarly community is important, researchers must also be able to translate their results into more accessible language for multiple audiences. This…

Sallee, Margaret W.; Flood, Julee T.

2012-01-01

200

Getting through ethics: the fit between research ethics board assessments and qualitative research.  

PubMed

In this paper, we draw on the authors' collective experiences as qualitative researchers undergoing research ethics reviews. We highlight specific areas within our standard national guidelines that support qualitative research. Using case examples, we illustrate how diverse interpretations of these guidelines can be inconsistent and problematic for qualitative researchers. We outline recommendations for transparency, reciprocity, and streamlining of the review process. It is our hope that adoption of these recommendations will lead to a more collegial evaluative process, thereby contributing to the advancement of knowledge. PMID:23324201

McCormack, Dianne; Carr, Tracy; McCloskey, Rose; Keeping-Burke, Lisa; Furlong, Karen E; Doucet, Shelley

2012-12-01

201

Interagency Education Research Initiative (IERI)  

NSF Publications Database

... Foundation Directorate for Education and Human Resources Division of Research, Evaluation and ... --- Computer and Information Science and Engineering 47.076 --- Education and Human Resources 47.041 ...

202

Using Hermeneutics as a Qualitative Research Approach in Professional Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is targeted primarily at doctoral students and others considering hermeneutics as a research strategy. Research using hermeneutics was carried out with occupational therapy educators and clinicians in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the UK. A total of 53 participants engaged in focus groups and individual interviews over a one-year.…

Paterson, Margo; Higgs, Joy

2005-01-01

203

Long-Term Outcomes of Services for Two Persons with Significant Disabilities with Differing Educational Experiences: A Qualitative Consideration of the Impact of Educational Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though research exists related to effective services in inclusive general education settings for students with significant disabilities, there are no longitudinal investigations of adult outcomes for persons with significant disabilities who received services in inclusive general education settings. This study uses qualitative methods to describe…

Ryndak, Diane Lea; Ward, Terri; Alper, Sandra; Montgomery, Jennifer Wilson; Storch, Jill F.

2010-01-01

204

Education and Culture. Routledge Research in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Quinn presents a radical new perspective on the interrelationships between education and culture. Rather than viewing education in isolation from major cultural debates, she demonstrates how culture shapes education and education shapes culture. Cultural perspectives and rich empirical data from a wide range of research with learners in…

Quinn, Jocey

2011-01-01

205

The Utilization of Qualitative and Quantitative Data for Health Education Program Planning, Implementation, and Evaluation: A Spiral Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of development of a Dutch smoking prevention project is described. An essential feature of the project is the combination and interaction of qualitative and quantitative research methods. It is advocated that each method has its own contribution and can be considered as a separate methodology contributing to social science in general and health education research in particular. Combining

Hein de Vries; Wies Weijts; Margo Dijkstra; Gerjo Kok

1992-01-01

206

PRO development: rigorous qualitative research as the crucial foundation  

PubMed Central

Recently published articles have described criteria to assess qualitative research in the health field in general, but very few articles have delineated qualitative methods to be used in the development of Patient-Reported Outcomes (PROs). In fact, how PROs are developed with subject input through focus groups and interviews has been given relatively short shrift in the PRO literature when compared to the plethora of quantitative articles on the psychometric properties of PROs. If documented at all, most PRO validation articles give little for the reader to evaluate the content validity of the measures and the credibility and trustworthiness of the methods used to develop them. Increasingly, however, scientists and authorities want to be assured that PRO items and scales have meaning and relevance to subjects. This article was developed by an international, interdisciplinary group of psychologists, psychometricians, regulatory experts, a physician, and a sociologist. It presents rigorous and appropriate qualitative research methods for developing PROs with content validity. The approach described combines an overarching phenomenological theoretical framework with grounded theory data collection and analysis methods to yield PRO items and scales that have content validity. PMID:20512662

Marquis, Patrick; Vigneux, Marc; Abetz, Linda; Arnould, Benoit; Bayliss, Martha; Crawford, Bruce; Rosa, Kathleen

2010-01-01

207

Farmers' Concerns: A Qualitative Assessment to Plan Rural Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Abstract Context: Limited research suggests that translational approaches are needed to decrease the distance, physical and cultural, between farmers and health care. Purpose: This study seeks to identify special concerns of farmers in Alabama and explore the need for a medical education program tailored to prepare physicians to address those…

Anderson, Brittney T.; Johnson, Gwendolyn J.; Wheat, John R.; Wofford, Amina S.; Wiggins, O. Sam; Downey, Laura H.

2012-01-01

208

Democratic Classroom Management in Higher Education: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine teacher candidates' awareness of the concept of democracy, how they describe this concept, how their perceptions relate to the democratic classroom management process in the faculty of education, and their opinions about the qualifications of faculty members. This research is a descriptive study. This…

Sentürk, Ilknur; Oyman, Nidan

2014-01-01

209

STEM Education Related Dissertation Abstracts: A Bounded Qualitative Meta-study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article utilizes a bounded qualitative meta-study framework to examine the 101 dissertation abstracts found by searching the ProQuest Dissertation and Theses™ digital database for dissertations abstracts from 1990 through 2010 using the search terms education, science, technology, engineer, and STEM/SMET. Professional search librarians established the search criteria used to establish the database. The overarching research question for this study was: What can we learn from the examination of doctoral dissertations abstracts that focus on the STEM education found from 1990 through 2010? The study's findings provide an overview of doctoral research related to STEM education and the discussion section focuses on quality of abstracts, questions regarding the use of the pipeline metaphor, and location of instructional innovation.

Banning, James; Folkestad, James E.

2012-12-01

210

Using Culture-Centered Qualitative Formative Research to Design Broadcast Messages for HIV Prevention for African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for formative research in designing mass media health-education messages is widely accepted; however, distinct methodologies for developing such messages are less well documented. This article describes a culture-centered approach for developing messages to promote sexual risk reduction in urban African American adolescents. The method uses qualitative formative research to identify “competing narratives” that support healthy behavior despite the

Jennifer R. Horner; Daniel Romer; Peter A. Vanable; Laura F. Salazar; Michael P. Carey; Ivan Juzang; Thierry Fortune; Ralph DiClemente; Naomi Farber; Bonita Stanton; Robert F. Valois

2008-01-01

211

Qualitative Research as Cultural and Religious Mirror: What Do Researchers Really Learn?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the interaction between the work and lives of five religious qualitative researchers whose research studies investigate both culture and religion. The ways their personal backgrounds, experiences, and values affect their choice of research topics and their relationships with research participants and with data, are revealed…

Court, Deborah

2008-01-01

212

Questions for music education research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In addressing the question-set ‘What questions do music education researchers need to address?’, an illustrative list of juxtaposed descriptive and normative questions is sketched as follows: What are and should be the dimensions of music education? What are and should be the institutional agencies of music education? What are and should be the specifically educational dimensions of music education? What

Estelle R. Jorgensen

2008-01-01

213

Nursing Research and Graduate Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If research is to be truly integrated throughout the entire spectrum of nursing education, then graduate education must use the resources and potentials of nurse researchers more productively and more constructively. (Author)

Cleland, Virginia

1975-01-01

214

Evolving guidelines for publication of qualitative research studies in psychology and related fields.  

PubMed

We present a set of evolving guidelines for reviewing qualitative research, to serve four functions: to contribute to the process of legitimizing qualitative research; to ensure more appropriate and valid scientific reviews of qualitative manuscripts, theses, and dissertations; to encourage better quality control in qualitative research through better self- and other-monitoring; and to encourage further developments in approach and method. Building on a review of existing principles of good practice in qualitative research, we used an iterative process of revision and feedback from colleagues who engage in qualitative research, resulting in a set of seven guidelines common to both qualitative and quantitative research and seven guidelines especially pertinent to qualitative investigations in psychology and related social sciences. The Evolving Guidelines are subject to continuing revision and should not be used in a rigid manner, in order to avoid stifling creativity in this rapidly evolving, rich research tradition. PMID:10532145

Elliott, R; Fischer, C T; Rennie, D L

1999-09-01

215

Research Schools: Grounding Research in Educational Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education lacks a strong infrastructure for connecting research with educational practice and policy. The need for this linkage grows as findings in cognitive science and biology become ever more relevant to education. Teachers often lack the background knowledge needed to interpret scientific results, whereas scientists often lack an…

Hinton, Christina; Fischer, Kurt W.

2008-01-01

216

Improving the Quality of Experience Journals: Training Educational Psychology Students in Basic Qualitative Methodology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates the impact of teaching basic qualitative methodology to preservice teachers enrolled in an educational psychology course in the quality of observation journals. Preservice teachers enrolled in an educational psychology course requiring 45 hr of field experience were given qualitative methodological training as a part of the…

Reynolds-Keefer, Laura

2010-01-01

217

Between and within-site variation in qualitative implementation research  

PubMed Central

Background Multisite qualitative studies are challenging in part because decisions regarding within-site and between-site sampling must be made to reduce the complexity of data collection, but these decisions may have serious implications for analyses. There is not yet consensus on how to account for within-site and between-site variations in qualitative perceptions of the organizational context of interventions. The purpose of this study was to analyze variation in perceptions among key informants in order to demonstrate the importance of broad sampling for identifying both within-site and between-site implementation themes. Methods Case studies of four sites were compared to identify differences in how Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers implemented a Primary Care/Mental Health Integration (PC/MHI) intervention. Qualitative analyses focused on between-profession variation in reported referral and implementation processes within and between sites. Results Key informants identified co-location, the consultation-liaison service, space, access, and referral processes as important topics. Within-site themes revealed the importance of coordination, communication, and collaboration for implementing PC/MHI. The between-site theme indicated that the preexisting structure of mental healthcare influenced how PC/MHI was implemented at each site and that collaboration among both leaders and providers was critical to overcoming structural barriers. Conclusions Within- and between-site variation in perceptions among key informants within different professions revealed barriers and facilitators to the implementation not available from a single source. Examples provide insight into implementation barriers for PC/MHI. Multisite implementation studies may benefit from intentionally eliciting and analyzing variation within and between sites. Suggestions for implementation research design are presented. PMID:23286552

2013-01-01

218

Research on Globalization and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research on globalization and education involves the study of intertwined worldwide discourses, processes, and institutions affecting local educational practices and policies. The four major theoretical perspectives concerning globalization and education are world culture, world systems, postcolonial, and culturalist. The major global educational

Spring, Joel

2008-01-01

219

Experiential Education. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Experiential education is essentially an educational philosophy first developed in the late 19th century and has since been articulated in a variety of fields including cooperative education, internships, outdoor education, organizational development and training, and service-learning. The essence of Experiential Education was captured by the…

Muir, Mike

2003-01-01

220

A Mathematics Education Researcher's Travels  

E-print Network

A Mathematics Education Researcher's Travels: Perspectives on Mathematics Education Research from Academia, Government, and Professional Societies Karen D. King, PhD Association of Women in Mathematics for the Intersections of Mathematics and Mathematics Education Perspectives from my past that echo today Current

Belding, Juliana

221

"Accessions": Researching, Designing Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief viewpoint piece depicts educational (dis)engagements apparent in researching and (re)designing higher education in and through "Accessions". "Accessions", a collaborative research-design project, probed at how cultures, climates and conditions of higher education may be reproducing or reshaping social inequalities and divisions. Here,…

Taylor, Yvette

2011-01-01

222

Course may include: Research in Education  

E-print Network

Course may include: Research in Education Statistics in Education Theories of Educational Admin Comparative and International Education Organizational Behaviour in Educational Institutions Educational Policy Analysis Sociological Aspects of Education Approaches to Literacy Development Information

223

The Educational Researcher Defined: What Will Future Researchers Be Trained to Do?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers have conducted studies of curriculum for doctoral students in various disciplines and subdisciplines. In this study, the authors examined methods (e.g., quantitative, qualitative, mixed methods) requirements for doctoral programs in education. Such requirements operationalize visions about the meaning of educational research and the…

Capraro, Robert M.; Thompson, Bruce

2008-01-01

224

Cross Cultural Perspectives in Educational Research. Conducting Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research student population of higher educational institutions continues to expand to include people from an ever-widening range of cultural and educational backgrounds. However, many research methods courses are still directed at the traditional student population. This book examines aspects of postgraduate research from a cross-cultural…

Robinson-Pant, Anna

2005-01-01

225

Methodological Challenges in Cross-Language Qualitative Research: A Research Review  

PubMed Central

Objectives Cross-language qualitative research occurs when a language barrier is present between researchers and participants. The language barrier is frequently mediated through the use of a translator or interpreter. The purpose of this critical review of cross-language qualitative research was three fold: 1) review the methods literature addressing cross language research; 2) synthesize the methodological recommendations from the literature into a list of criteria that could evaluate how researchers methodologically managed translators and interpreters in their qualitative studies; and 3) test these criteria on published cross-language qualitative studies. Data sources A group of 40 purposively selected cross-language qualitative studies found in nursing and health sciences journals. Review methods The synthesis of the cross-language methods literature produced 14 criteria to evaluate how qualitative researchers managed the language barrier between themselves and their study participants. To test the criteria, the researcher conducted a summative content analysis framed by discourse analysis techniques of the 40 cross-language studies. Results The evaluation showed that only 6 out of 40 studies met all the criteria recommended by the cross-language methods literature for the production of trustworthy results in cross-language qualitative studies. Multiple inconsistencies, reflecting disadvantageous methodological choices by cross-language researchers, appeared in the remaining 33 studies. To name a few, these included rendering the translator or interpreter as an invisible part of the research process, failure to pilot test interview questions in the participant’s language, no description of translator or interpreter credentials, failure to acknowledge translation as a limitation of the study, and inappropriate methodological frameworks for cross-language research. Conclusions The finding about researchers making the role of the translator or interpreter invisible during the research process supports studies completed by other authors examining this issue. The analysis demonstrated that the criteria produced by this study may provide useful guidelines for evaluating cross-language research and for novice cross-language researchers designing their first studies. Finally, the study also indicates that researchers attempting cross-language studies need to address the methodological issues surrounding language barriers between researchers and participants more systematically. PMID:18789799

Squires, Allison

2009-01-01

226

EERA and Its European Conferences on Educational Research: A Patchwork of Research on European Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The process of Europeanisation is closely linked to the process of an emerging European Educational Research Area and an education research identity. The European Conferences on Educational Research (ECER), European Educational Research Association (EERA) and its networks are involved in new directions and strands of educational research in…

Keiner, Edwin; Hofbauer, Susann

2014-01-01

227

A Rationale for Mixed Methods (Integrative) Research Programmes in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research shows that research programmes (quantitative, qualitative and mixed) in education are not displaced (as suggested by Kuhn) but rather lead to integration. The objective of this study is to present a rationale for mixed methods (integrative) research programs based on contemporary philosophy of science (Lakatos, Giere, Cartwright,…

Niaz, Mansoor

2008-01-01

228

Towards Creative Practice in Research in Dance Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper traces an experience of designing and conducting qualitative research in dance education. The primary aim is to highlight the importance of giving consideration to research methodologies in the emergence of personal research practice. Making decisions about what method/s to use will ultimately direct the engagement with any study,…

Bannon, Fiona

2004-01-01

229

Interviewing the Investigator: Strategies for Addressing Instrumentation and Researcher Bias Concerns in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instrumentation rigor and bias management are major challenges for qualitative researchers employing interviewing as a data generation method in their studies. A usual procedure for testing the quality of an interview protocol and for identifying potential researcher biases is the pilot study in which investigators try out their proposed methods…

Chenail, Ronald J.

2011-01-01

230

Combining qualitative and quantitative research within mixed method research designs: A methodological review  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesIt has been argued that mixed methods research can be useful in nursing and health science because of the complexity of the phenomena studied. However, the integration of qualitative and quantitative approaches continues to be one of much debate and there is a need for a rigorous framework for designing and interpreting mixed methods research. This paper explores the analytical

Ulrika Östlund; Lisa Kidd; Yvonne Wengström; Neneh Rowa-Dewar

2011-01-01

231

2010-2011 Seed Grant Awards The Qualitative Research Interest Group (QRIG) at the Consortium on Race, Gender and  

E-print Network

of qualitative researchers from the Departments of Curriculum and Instruction, College Student Personnel-construct language expertise. Stephen John Quaye Assistant Professor College of Education College Student Personnel Program Engaging College Students in Difficult Dialogues: A Multi-Institution Study. This study

Milchberg, Howard

232

Undertaking Qualitative Research amongst Homeless Populations in the UK - Contrasting Strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is in three parts. The first part briefly discusses the impact of qualitative methods on homelessness research in the UK. The second describes a particular ten-year research programme into the family background of homeless young people and discusses the relationship between qualitative research and quantitative research in this programme. The third part describes an alternative approach to researching

Joan Smith; Megan Ravenhill

233

Challenges facing translational research organizations in China: a qualitative multiple case study  

PubMed Central

Background Translational medicine is attracting much attention worldwide and many translational research organizations (TROs) have been established. In China, translational medicine has developed rapidly, but faces many challenges. This study was aimed at exploring these challenges faced by emerging TROs in China. Method A qualitative, multiple case study approach was used to assess the challenges faced by TROs in China. Data were collected between May and August 2012. Results Eight cases were identified. Overall, four themes that characterized TROs in China emerged from analyses: 1. objectives, organizer, and funding resources, 2. participating partners and research teams, 3. management, and 4. achievements. All TROs had objectives related to translating basic discovery to clinic treatment and cultivating translational researchers. In terms of organizer and funding resources, 7 out of 8 TROs were launched only by universities and/or hospitals, and funded mostly through research grants. As for participating partners and multidisciplinary research teams, all but one of the TROs only involved biomedical research institutions who were interested in translational research, and characterized as clinical research centers; 7 out of 8 TROs involved only researchers from biomedicine and clinical disciplines and none involved disciplines related to education, ethnicity, and sociology, or engaged the community. Current management of the TROs were generally nested within the traditional research management paradigms, and failed to adapt to the tenets of translational research. Half of the TROs were at developmental stages defined as infrastructure construction and recruitment of translational researchers. Conclusions TROs in China face the challenge of attracting sustainable funding sources, widening multidisciplinary cooperation, cultivating multi-disciplinary translational researchers and adapting current research management to translational research. Greater emphasis should be placed on increasing multidisciplinary cooperation, and innovating in education programs to cultivate of translational researchers. Efforts should be made to reform research management in TROs, and establish sustainable funding resources. PMID:24119837

2013-01-01

234

Feminist Research in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay provides an overview of feminist methodology and its potential to enhance the study of higher education. Foregrounding the multiple purposes and research relationships developed through feminist research, the essay urges higher education scholars to engage feminist theories, epistemologies, and methods to inform policy, research, and…

Ropers-Huilman, Rebecca; Winters, Kelly T.

2011-01-01

235

National Rural Education Research Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To develop a list of research priorities for rural education, members of the Rural Education Association's (REA) Research Committee and Executive Board were asked to rank order nine thematic research categories. The ranking process resulted in the following list (starting with the highest priority): (1) rural school effectiveness; (2) staff…

Barker, Bruce O.; Stephens, E. Robert

236

A Qualitative Interpretive Study of the Lived Educational Experiences of African American Male Students in Southeastern New Mexico: A Cross-Generational Exploration of Perceptions regarding Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research is an interpretive qualitative study that explores the perceptions and perspectives of two generations of African American male students, as related to their educational experiences at the same southeastern New Mexico high school. The central question of this research is, has the educational experience for African American male…

Moore-Callahan, Tamara Y.

2010-01-01

237

Research Education Office of the Vice President for Research  

E-print Network

Research Education Office of the Vice President for Research Research Administration Training Series Fall, 2010 Research Education offers several continuing education and training opportunities for all research personnel at the University of Utah. The curriculum includes traditional classes

Capecchi, Mario R.

238

Course Prospectus for Masters in Education (Leadership) For the most up to date information or to apply now please visit http://www.ucd.ie/online  

E-print Network

................................................................................................................................ 9 EDUC42390 Qualitative Research Methods ......................................................................................................... 10 EDUC42380 Quantitative Research Methods

239

Twenty Years of Research Methods Employed in "American Educational Research Journal,""Educational Researcher," and "Review of Educational Research."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research methods used in articles published in the "American Educational Research Journal" (AERJ), "Educational Researcher" (ER), and the "Review of Educational Research" (RER) were studied for the years 1978 to 1997. Articles were read to identify and categorize the research methods and statistical techniques used in each. A breakdown is provided…

Elmore, Patricia B.; Woehlke, Paula L.

240

The Higher Education Research Archipelago  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ever since he stumbled into doing higher education research as a young academic in the 1980s, the author has been trying to understand it as a "field" of study. His career, as a former business lecturer, then an academic developer and now an associate professor for higher education working in an Education Faculty has given him opportunities to see…

Macfarlane, Bruce

2012-01-01

241

Questions for Music Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In addressing the question-set "What questions do music education researchers need to address?", an illustrative list of juxtaposed descriptive and normative questions is sketched as follows: What are and should be the dimensions of music education? What are and should be the institutional agencies of music education? What are and should be the…

Jorgensen, Estelle R.

2008-01-01

242

Is Educational Research Any Use?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We begin by examining the widespread scepticism about the value of empirical educational research that is found within sections of the philosophy of education community. We argue that this scepticism, in its strongest form, is incoherent as it suggests that there are no educational facts susceptible of discovery. On the other hand, if there are…

Gingell, John; Winch, Christopher

2006-01-01

243

Research Mentorship in Counselor Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this national survey was to determine whether pretenured counselor educators receive research mentorship, and if so, what instructional and relational factors occur within that relationship. Pretenured counselor educators in counselor education programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related…

Briggs, Cynthia A.; Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth

2008-01-01

244

Revisiting the Benefits Debate: Does Qualitative Social Work Research Produce Salubrious Effects?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social work discussion about the intersection of therapy and research has been heated. There is ongoing theoretical debate about the fit of qualitative research and social work practice, as well as the proper goals and potential impact of clinical research. In this article, two qualitative researchers report empirical findings and discuss the…

McCoyd, Judith L. M.; Shdaimah, Corey S.

2007-01-01

245

Enacting Subjectivities in Educational History: Methodological Reflections on the Use of Qualitative Interviews for History Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies of the formation of pupils' subjectivities within the Danish school and educational system in the period 1945-2005 create the framework for a methodological discussion of how subjectivities in educational history can be studied. Both studies use qualitative interviews as a way of studying subject formations in educational history. This…

Bjerg, Helle; Rasmussen, Lisa Rosen

2008-01-01

246

Educational Reform as Innovation: A Qualitative Study on the Perceptions of Brazilian Agricultural School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines the perceptions of federally supported agricultural school teachers toward the attributes of two educational innovations brought by the educational reform currently undergoing in Brazil--the separation between academic and professional education and the emergence of the competency-based modular curriculum. The…

Leite, Francisco Carlos T.; Baggett, Connie D.; Radhakrishna, Rama B.

2004-01-01

247

Assessing alcohol consumption: developments from qualitative research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines some shortcomings of self-report questionnaires used to assess alcohol use quantity and frequency and demonstrates the advantages of qualitative interviews to more accurately capture drinking patterns among adolescents. The paper considers alcohol use among two ethnic groups of Black adolescents and discusses variations in rates of alcohol consumption. Qualitative interview data collected from African-American and Haitian adolescents

Lee Strunin

2001-01-01

248

Disseminating Educational Research with IT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers and researchers need to use the research produced in education to improve their practice. However, the current modes of dissemination through journals and papers are often written for the expert community. The Telematics Centre at the University of Exeter (United Kingdom), School of Education provides creative solutions for the effective…

Davis, Niki

249

Mgt 661: Seminar in Qualitative Research Methods New Mexico State University Spring 2007  

Microsoft Academic Search

In basic terms, Qualitative Methods is a detailed description of situations, events, people, and behaviors. It includes what people say about their experiences, attitudes, beliefs, and thoughts through recordings, documents, transcripts, records, and narrative histories. Qualitative data sources include observation and participant observation, fieldwork, interviews, texts, and the researcher's diary of impressions and reactions. Qualitative methods are typically open-ended and

Michael R. Manning

250

Teacher education library resources for the culturally deprived: a guide to qualitative evalution [sic].  

E-print Network

TEACHER EDUCATION LIBRARY RESOURCES FOR THE CULTURALLY DEPRIVED: A GUIDE TO QUALITATIVE EVALUATION A Thesis by ROBERT ALVIN HOUZE Submi. tted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE January 1969 Major Subject: Educati. on TEACHER EDUCATION LIBRARY RESOURCES FOR THE CULTURALLY DEPRIVED: A GUIDE TO QUALITATIVE EVALUATION A Thesis by ROBERT ALVIN HOUZE Approved as to style and content by: ( airman...

Houze, Robert Alvin

2012-06-07

251

Visual Education Textbooks in the 1920s: A Qualitative Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This exploration of the origins of educational communications and technology as a field focuses on the 1920s when the visual education movement first appeared. An explanation of the study precedes separate reviews of 13 primary sources--i.e., visual education textbooks--and draws on them to provide evidence for an analysis of the ideas and forces…

Yeaman, Andrew R. J.

252

Qualitative Research: An Introduction. Purposes, Methodology, Criteria for Judgment, and a Rationale for Mixed Methodology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research is research that attempts not only to understand the world, but also to understand it through the eyes of the participants whose world it is. Consequently, qualitative research must occur in a natural setting. The study begins, not with hypotheses to be proved or disproved, but with a flexible plan to explore a phenomenon.…

Wilson, Vicki A.

253

Using Qualitative Research to Generate Questions and Contextualize Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the strengths of a qualitative study of the effectiveness of environmental impact statements. Notes that the study explores an ill-defined area and relates writing to the situation in which it occurs. (RS)

Winsor, Dorothy A.

1993-01-01

254

The school environment and student health: a systematic review and meta-ethnography of qualitative research  

PubMed Central

Background There is increasing interest in promoting young people’s health by modifying the school environment. However, existing research offers little guidance on how the school context enables or constrains students’ health behaviours, or how students’ backgrounds relate to these processes. For these reasons, this paper reports on a meta-ethnography of qualitative studies examining: through what processes does the school environment (social and physical) influence young people’s health? Methods Systematic review of qualitative studies. Sixteen databases were searched, eliciting 62, 329 references which were screened, with included studies quality assessed, data extracted and synthesized using an adaptation of Noblit and Hare’s meta-ethnographic approach. Results Nineteen qualitative studies were synthesised to explore processes through which school-level influences on young people’s health might occur. Four over-arching meta-themes emerged across studies focused on a range of different health issues. First, aggressive behaviour and substance use are often a strong source of status and bonding at schools where students feel educationally marginalised or unsafe. Second, health-risk behaviours are concentrated in unsupervised ‘hotspots’ at the school. Third, positive relationships with teachers appear to be critical in promoting student wellbeing and limiting risk behaviour; however, certain aspects of schools’ organisation and education policies constrain this, increasing the likelihood that students look for a sense of identity and social support via health-risk behaviours. Fourth, unhappiness at school can cause students to seek sources of ‘escape’, either by leaving school at lunchtime or for longer unauthorized spells or through substance use. These meta-themes resonate with Markham and Aveyard’s theory of human functioning and school organisation, and we draw on these qualitative data to refine and extend this theory, in particular conceptualising more fully the role of young people’s agency and student-led ‘systems’ in constituting school environments and generating health risks. Conclusion Institutional features which may shape student health behaviours such as lack of safety, poor student-staff relationships and lack of student voice are amenable to interventions and should be the subject of future investigation. Future qualitative research should focus on health behaviours which are under-theorised in this context such as physical activity, sexual and mental health. PMID:24007211

2013-01-01

255

Airborne Research Experience for Educators  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Airborne Research Experience for Educators (AREE) Program, conducted by the NASA Dryden Flight Research Center Office of Education in partnership with the AERO Institute, NASA Teaching From Space Program, and California State University Fullerton, is a complete end-to-end residential research experience in airborne remote sensing and atmospheric science. The 2009 program engaged ten secondary educators who specialize in science, technology, engineering or mathematics in a 6-week Student Airborne Research Program (SARP) offered through NSERC. Educators participated in collection of in-flight remote sensor data during flights aboard the NASA DC-8 as well as in-situ research on atmospheric chemistry (bovine emissions of methane); algal blooms (remote sensing to determine location and degree of blooms for further in-situ analysis); and crop classification (exploration of how drought conditions in Central California have impacted almond and cotton crops). AREE represents a unique model of the STEM teacher-as-researcher professional development experience because it asks educators to participate in a research experience and then translate their experiences into classroom practice through the design, implementation, and evaluation of instructional materials that emphasize the scientific research process, inquiry-based investigations, and manipulation of real data. Each AREE Master Educator drafted a Curriculum Brief, Teachers Guide, and accompanying resources for a topic in their teaching assignment Currently, most professional development programs offer either a research experience OR a curriculum development experience. The dual nature of the AREE model engaged educators in both experiences. Educators’ content and pedagogical knowledge of STEM was increased through the review of pertinent research articles during the first week, attendance at lectures and workshops during the second week, and participation in the airborne and in-situ research studies, data collection, and subsequent data analysis. Their pedagogical skills in teaching STEM content were enhanced through the collaborative development of curriculum units, critique of curriculum plans by education faculty experts, and exploration of NASA educational resources. AREE also engaged educators in the NASA-sponsored Classroom of the Future's Virtual Design Center (http://vdc.cet.edu/overview.htm), which provides curriculum designers with research-based guidelines to help them design inquiry-based learning activities. The AREE Master Teachers are currently in process of a pilot implementation of their developed curricula, with results due at the end of October 2009. This session will report on program evaluation data and identify best practices for replication of the model. Three perspectives will be provided, including views from the NASA Flight Operations Director, AREE Project Manager, and University Science Education Faculty Mentor. Three AREE Master Educators will present examples of their curriculum materials.

Costa, V. B.; Albertson, R.; Smith, S.; Stockman, S. A.

2009-12-01

256

Determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among Tehranian adolescents: A qualitative research  

PubMed Central

Background: For effectively promoting fruit and vegetable consumption among adolescents, it is necessary to identify the determinants of intake. This qualitative research was conducted to explore the determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among Tehranian adolescents in 2012. Materials and Methods: The present qualitative study is aimed at identifying the determinants of fruit and vegetable consumption among Tehranian adolescents in 2012. Male and female students in the middle schools of Tehran, in the age range of 11-14 years, were used as the study population, which was selected by the convenience method. Semi-structured interactional interviews were used for data collection. Data was analyzed using the qualitative content analysis method. Results: The availability and accessibility of fruits and vegetables in home, availability of unhealthy options in the environment, socioeconomic status, advertising about unhealthy options, subjective norms, reinforcement, and modeling were explored as environmental factors in this study. Also, individual factors were extracted as the second category that encompassed the subcategories including; preferences, knowledge, skill in preparing fruits and vegetables, outcome expectations, outcome expectancy, perceived susceptibility, and perceived seriousness. Conclusion: It is recommended that interventions have family-based designs as well as environmental policy-based (especially schools) ones. Meanwhile, families should be educated to adapt their children's sapour with tastes of fruits and vegetables during their childhood.

Rakhshanderou, Sakineh; Ramezankhani, Ali; Mehrabi, Yadollah; Ghaffari, Mohtasham

2014-01-01

257

Lay perspectives on hypertension and drug adherence: systematic review of qualitative research  

PubMed Central

Objective To synthesise the findings from individual qualitative studies on patients’ understanding and experiences of hypertension and drug taking; to investigate whether views differ internationally by culture or ethnic group and whether the research could inform interventions to improve adherence. Design Systematic review and narrative synthesis of qualitative research using the 2006 UK Economic and Social Research Council research methods programme guidance. Data sources Medline, Embase, the British Nursing Index, Social Policy and Practice, and PsycInfo from inception to October 2011. Study selection Qualitative interviews or focus groups among people with uncomplicated hypertension (studies principally in people with diabetes, established cardiovascular disease, or pregnancy related hypertension were excluded). Results 59 papers reporting on 53 qualitative studies were included in the synthesis. These studies came from 16 countries (United States, United Kingdom, Brazil, Sweden, Canada, New Zealand, Denmark, Finland, Ghana, Iran, Israel, Netherlands, South Korea, Spain, Tanzania, and Thailand). A large proportion of participants thought hypertension was principally caused by stress and produced symptoms, particularly headache, dizziness, and sweating. Participants widely intentionally reduced or stopped treatment without consulting their doctor. Participants commonly perceived that their blood pressure improved when symptoms abated or when they were not stressed, and that treatment was not needed at these times. Participants disliked treatment and its side effects and feared addiction. These findings were consistent across countries and ethnic groups. Participants also reported various external factors that prevented adherence, including being unable to find time to take the drugs or to see the doctor; having insufficient money to pay for treatment; the cost of appointments and healthy food; a lack of health insurance; and forgetfulness. Conclusions Non-adherence to hypertension treatment often resulted from patients’ understanding of the causes and effects of hypertension; particularly relying on the presence of stress or symptoms to determine if blood pressure was raised. These beliefs were remarkably similar across ethnic and geographical groups; calls for culturally specific education for individual ethnic groups may therefore not be justified. To improve adherence, clinicians and educational interventions must better understand and engage with patients’ ideas about causality, experiences of symptoms, and concerns about drug side effects. PMID:22777025

2012-01-01

258

Using databases in medical education research: AMEE Guide No. 77.  

PubMed

This AMEE Guide offers an introduction to the use of databases in medical education research. It is intended for those who are contemplating conducting research in medical education but are new to the field. The Guide is structured around the process of planning your research so that data collection, management and analysis are appropriate for the research question. Throughout we consider contextual possibilities and constraints to educational research using databases, such as the resources available, and provide concrete examples of medical education research to illustrate many points. The first section of the Guide explains the difference between different types of data and classifying data, and addresses the rationale for research using databases in medical education. We explain the difference between qualitative research and qualitative data, the difference between categorical and quantitative data, and the difference types of data which fall into these categories. The Guide reviews the strengths and weaknesses of qualitative and quantitative research. The next section is structured around how to work with quantitative and qualitative databases and provides guidance on the many practicalities of setting up a database. This includes how to organise your database, including anonymising data and coding, as well as preparing and describing your data so it is ready for analysis. The critical matter of the ethics of using databases in medical educational research, including using routinely collected data versus data collected for research purposes, and issues of confidentiality, is discussed. Core to the Guide is drawing out the similarities and differences in working with different types of data and different types of databases. Future AMEE Guides in the research series will address statistical analysis of data in more detail. PMID:23621147

Cleland, Jennifer; Scott, Neil; Harrild, Kirsten; Moffat, Mandy

2013-05-01

259

Frameworks for evaluating health research capacity strengthening: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Health research capacity strengthening (RCS) projects are often complex and hard to evaluate. In order to inform health RCS evaluation efforts, we aimed to describe and compare key characteristics of existing health RCS evaluation frameworks: their process of development, purpose, target users, structure, content and coverage of important evaluation issues. A secondary objective was to explore what use had been made of the ESSENCE framework, which attempts to address one such issue: harmonising the evaluation requirements of different funders. Methods We identified and analysed health RCS evaluation frameworks published by seven funding agencies between 2004 and 2012, using a mixed methods approach involving structured qualitative analyses of documents, a stakeholder survey and consultations with key contacts in health RCS funding agencies. Results The frameworks were intended for use predominantly by the organisations themselves, and most were oriented primarily towards funders’ internal organisational performance requirements. The frameworks made limited reference to theories that specifically concern RCS. Generic devices, such as logical frameworks, were typically used to document activities, outputs and outcomes, but with little emphasis on exploring underlying assumptions or contextual constraints. Usage of the ESSENCE framework appeared limited. Conclusions We believe that there is scope for improving frameworks through the incorporation of more accessible information about how to do evaluation in practice; greater involvement of stakeholders, following evaluation capacity building principles; greater emphasis on explaining underlying rationales of frameworks; and structuring frameworks so that they separate generic and project-specific aspects of health RCS evaluation. The third and fourth of these improvements might assist harmonisation. PMID:24330628

2013-01-01

260

California Educational Research Association  

E-print Network

, California Department of Education "Transitioning to the Future: Common Core State Standards, New Assessments's efforts with implementing California's Common Core State Standards (CCSS) and the future of CCSS related

Rose, Michael R.

261

Brain Research and Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides background information and research findings on right and left brain hemisphere research. The cerebral hemisphere, research on split-brain subjects, research with normal subjects, and sex differences are addressed. Indicates that each hemisphere functions differently (left--verbal and analytical; right--spatial and perceptual) but both…

Gerhard, Muriel M.

1985-01-01

262

Educational Research: A Look Back  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In September, 1958, The Canadian Education Association (CEA) hosted a panel discussion on the current status and emerging requirements of educational research in Canada. The panelists' comments are firmly rooted in the context of the 1950s. Half a century later, Penny Milton, CEO of CEA, takes a look at their comments and suggestions. This article…

Education Canada, 2010

2010-01-01

263

Higher Education and Research Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The lecture outlines the links between research and higher education. To do so, it looks at existing situations of different countries in each area, points out differences, and encourages collaboration across frontiers.

P. Swinnerton-Dyer

1991-01-01

264

Special Educators and Mathematics Phobia: An Initial Qualitative Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Special educators are uniquely challenged to be content experts in all curricular areas, including mathematics, because students in their caseloads may require academic instruction in any area. However, special educators with math phobia may be limited in their ability to provide effective instruction to their students with mathematical deficits…

Humphrey, Michael; Hourcade, Jack J.

2010-01-01

265

Student Retention in Higher Education in Turkey: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to investigate student perceptions of college departure in three state universities in Turkey. Since the beginning of the 1990s, higher Education System in Turkey went through a massification of higher education. The rapid growth brought enrollment and dropout issues in the system. A total of 58 participants were…

Aypay, Ahmet; Cekic, Osman; Boyaci, Adnan

2013-01-01

266

Legislative Decision-Making on Education Issues: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this descriptive, single case study was to provide knowledge and insight about state education policy-making, specifically, the process by which education-related bills pass through a legislature. This study was also designed to identify factors of influence shaping legislative decision-making as perceived by lawmakers and observers…

Canfield-Davis, Kathy; Jain, Sachin

2010-01-01

267

Scientific principles of education research: Experimental Biology 2007  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

IN 2002, the Committee on Scientific Principles of Education Research of the National Research Council (NRC) revisited long-standing ideas about the nature of science, so as to place them in the context of modern education research. Their report, Scientific Research in Education (3), investigated "scientifically based" education research to be used for improving education policy and practice. The report showed that while researchers may disagree about philosophical or methodological approaches to education research, they readily agree about the definition and pursuit of good quality education research (3). Research designs were categorized as quantitative versus qualitative, depending on the type of data collected. There were also categorizations of experimental versus observational, depending on the study design and the investigators' ability to draw conclusions about cause and effect. This featured topic sponsored by the American Physiological Society Teaching Section was designed to host Drs. Margaret Eisenhart and Robert DeHaan, members of the NRC committees and experts in the field of educational research. Their talks were complemented by selected educational research abstracts submitted to the Experimental Biology meeting in Washington, DC, in 2007.

PhD Barbara E. Goodman (University of South Dakota School of Medicine Division of Basic Biomedical Sciences); Margaret Eisenhart (University of Colorado); Mr. David W. Rodenbaugh (Wayne State University Department of Physiology)

2007-08-01

268

Some Thoughts about Research in Cooperative Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the status of cooperative education research; presents an analytical discussion on issues related to the evolution of cooperative education research (dissemination, graduate programs, co-op practitioners); and offers suggestions for enhancing research in cooperative education. (JOW)

Bartkus, Kenneth R.; Stull, William A.

1997-01-01

269

Research in Computer Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter focuses on research in computer science education. The importance of including this topic in the MTCS course\\u000a stems from the fact that computer science education research can enrich the prospective computer science teachers’ perspective\\u000a with respect to the discipline of computer science, the computer science teacher’s role, and students’ difficulties, misconceptions,\\u000a and cognitive abilities. Consequently, this knowledge may

Orit Hazzan; Tami Lapidot; Noa Ragonis

270

An Examination of Research Methods in Mathematics Education (1995-2005)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This mixed methods examination of 710 research articles in mathematics education published in six prominent educational journals during the period 1995-2005 finds that 50% of the studies used qualitative methods only, 21% used quantitative methods only, and 29% mixed qualitative and quantitative methods in various ways. Although the number of…

Hart, Lynn C.; Smith, Stephanie Z.; Swars, Susan L.; Smith, Marvin E.

2009-01-01

271

Examining factors associated with intrinsic motivation in physical education: a qualitative approach1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To provide further information regarding factors associated with students' intrinsic motivation in physical education using a qualitative approach. Design and Methods. Sixteen in-depth interviews were conducted with secondary physical education students who were selected from a pool of 254 students on the basis of their score on relevant question- naires. Results. Analyses of interview transcripts revealed that factors associated

Maria Hassandra; Marios Goudas; Stiliani Chroni

272

Systems Research in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is a compilation of eight papers which present the advantages of, and the need for, the systems approach in all areas of education. The first paper, an explication of the SIGGS theory model, explains set theory, information theory, and graph theory, and demonstrates their integration. Project PRIME, concerned with the mainstreaming…

Ryan, T. Antoinette, Ed.

273

Activist Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the field of education, critical theorists, critical pedagogues, and critical race theorists call for academics to engage in activist academic work to promote the social transformation of the material conditions created by racism and other forms of oppression. This article is a response to this call for academics, particularly those in the…

DeMeulenaere, Eric J.; Cann, Colette N.

2013-01-01

274

Postmodernism comes to program evaluation II: A review of Denzin and Lincoln's Handbook of qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Denzin and Lincoln's Handbook of Qualitative Research represents a major publishing event. It comprehensively gathers together and organizes rapidly growing developments in the philosophy, theory and method of conducting qualitative research. While this sounds innocent enough, the power and foundational core behind these developments is explosive: it is the postmodernist attack on the traditional, quantitative methods of positivist social science

Daniel B. Fishman

1995-01-01

275

Using Qualitative Research to Develop Culturally Competent Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kazdin pointed out that the requirement for evidence-based practice (EBP) has made the long-standing gap between research and practice in clinical psychology even more salient. He offered several strategies for bridging this gap: investigating mechanisms and moderators of therapeutic change, and qualitative research. We agree that qualitative

Silverstein, Louise Bordeaux; Auerbach, Carl F.

2009-01-01

276

Two (Very) Different Worlds: The Cultures of Policymaking and Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article brackets assumptions embedded in the framing of this special issue on "problematizing methodological simplicity in qualitative research" in a effort to understand why policymakers put pressure on all types of researchers, including those who use qualitative methods, to provide relatively simple, even somewhat mechanistic portrayals of…

Donmoyer, Robert

2012-01-01

277

The Status of Instruction in Qualitative Communication Research Methods.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assesses whether and how qualitative methods are being taught in communication curricula. Finds general agreement about the units, specific topics, and activities that should be covered. Suggests that instruction at the graduate level is healthy, but it receives less attention at the undergraduate level than either quantitative methods or…

Frey, Lawrence R.; Anderson, Shawny; Friedman, Paul G.

1998-01-01

278

HBHE 753\\/NUTR 753 Qualitative Research Methods Instructor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the course, students will be expected to conduct their own qualitative study on a topic chosen by the instructor. Students will work individually to collect data through in- depth interviews, focus group discussions and observations. They will work in small groups to analyze this data, and present the results of the analysis. Students will submit their interview guides and

Suzanne Maman; Elizabeth King

279

Phenomenography and Grounded Theory as Research Methods in Computing Education Research Field  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses two qualitative research methods, phenomenography and grounded theory. We introduce both methods' data collection and analysis processes and the type or results you may get at the end by using examples from computing education research. We highlight some of the similarities and differences between the aim, data collection and…

Kinnunen, Paivi; Simon, Beth

2012-01-01

280

Researching Postgraduate Educational Research in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is about the national project to gather together information about postgraduate education research (PPER) in South Africa conducted over a ten-year period, namely 1995-2004, being the first decade in the democratic era for South Africa. The ideas informing the PPER Project are provided and the complex process of developing the PPER…

Karlsson, J.; Balfour, R.; Moletsane, R.; Pillay, G.

2009-01-01

281

Japanese students' perception of their learning from an interprofessional education program: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objectives The aim of this study was to explore students’ perception of their learning from the interprofessional program implemented in Japan where the implementation and evaluation of interprofessional education is behind that of western countries. Methods We conducted a qualitative research of opinions of students who participated in the interprofessional program implemented in the University of Tsukuba. The participants were 105 medical, 65 nursing, and 35 medical science students. At the completion of the program, we asked that the participants write their opinion on what they gained by participating in the program. From their responses, significant descriptions were extracted, coded by content, and then grouped into subcategories. These subcategories were then separated into main categories based on their emergent themes. Results The main categories identified were such as “understanding of medical professionals,” “interprofessional work,” “holistic care,” “communication,” “sharing,” and “empowerment.” Conclusions The categories extracted in our study, for the most part, matched previous studies, suggesting that the program helped students enhance their understanding of interprofessional work. Although the Japanese health care system and medical education system are different from those of western countries, this suggests that the benefits of interprofessional education in Japan will be similar to those of western countries.

Takayashiki, Ayumi; Anme, Tokie; Tohno, Eriko; Maeno, Tetsuhiro; Hara, Akira

2013-01-01

282

Taking the “Q” Out of Research: Teaching Research Methodology Courses Without the Divide Between Quantitative and Qualitative Paradigms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to provide evidence that the debate between quantitative and qualitative is divisive and, hence, counterproductive for advancing the social and behavioral science field. We advocate that all graduate students learn to utilize and to appreciate both quantitative and qualitative research methodologies. As such, students will develop into pragmatist researchers who are able to utilize

Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie; Nancy L. Leech

2005-01-01

283

Quaternary Research Association Educational Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Quaternary Research Association (QRA) is an organization comprising archaeologists, botanists, civil engineers, geographers, geologists, soil scientists, zoologists and others interested in research into the problems of the Quaternary. This site describes their activities and organization. This direct link to the educational teaching resources provides access to glacier and glaciation resources.

284

Syntheses of Educational Productivity Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph includes chapters on: (1) The Need for Educational Productivity Research; (2) Syntheses of Research on Factors Influencing Learning; (3) Contextual and Transactional Influences on Science Outcomes; (4) Identifying the Salient Facets of a Model of Student Learning: A Synthesis of Meta-Analysis; and (5) Use of National Survey Data in…

Fraser, Barry J.; And Others

1987-01-01

285

The Nature of Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper is in two parts. The first part of the paper is a critique of current methodology in educational research: scientific, critical and interpretive. The ontological and epistemological assumptions of those methodologies are described from the standpoint of John Searle's analytic philosophy. In the second part two research papers with…

Gillett, Simon G.

2011-01-01

286

Research Degrees as Professional Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is an increasing trend within higher education and, more specifically, in higher degrees by research, to treat a professional skills set as a desirable graduate outcome. The increasing value that is being placed on a professional skills set in large part reflects growing interest around the world in the role of research degrees in labour…

Barnacle, Robyn; Dall'Alba, Gloria

2011-01-01

287

Motivational psychology and educational research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study of motivational psychology has been hampered in the field of education because of the concentration upon learning. Furthermore, much of the research assumes a mechanistic concept of man that is not conducive to progress in this area. A number of research problems are recommended that overcome the motivation?learning limitation and also assume a more cognitive view of man.

Bernard Weiner

1974-01-01

288

Social Class and Educational Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social class has always been one of the most prominent variables in educational research, yet the various ways of classifying it have never ceased to be controversial. The author reviews the major classifications, assesses their validity, surveys the use made of them in research literature, suggests how they should be interpreted, and assesses to what degree findings couched in these

T. S. Robertson

1974-01-01

289

Educating about biomedical research ethics.  

PubMed

This article examines the global and worsening problem of research misconduct as it relates to bio-medico-legal education. While research misconduct has serious legal implications, few adequate legal remedies exist to deal with it. With respect to teaching, research ethics education should be mandatory for biomedical students and physicians. Although teaching alone will not prevent misconduct, it promotes integrity, accountability, and responsibility in research. Policies and law enforcement should send a clear message that researchers should adhere to the highest standards of ethics in research. It is vital that researchers and physicians understand basic aspects of law and the legal system in order to develop understanding of the medico-legal issues not just in the legal context, but with a sound grounding in ethics, social and theoretical contexts so that they can practice good medicine. Routine and holistic research ethics education across the curriculum for medical students and resident physicians, and continuing medical education for practicing doctors, are probably the best ways to accomplish this goal. PMID:24752379

Stankovic, Bratislav; Stankovic, Mirjana

2014-11-01

290

Critical Arts-Based Research in Education: Performing Undocumented Historias  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article seeks to elucidate and academically position the genre of critical arts-based research in education. The article fuses Critical Race Theory (CRT), life history and performance, alongside work with undocumented American students of Mexican origin, to show how a politicised qualitative paradigmatic re envisioning can occur in which…

Bagley, Carl; Castro-Salazar, Ricardo

2012-01-01

291

An Emergent Research Agenda for the Field of Jewish Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides a qualitative analysis of the chapters of the forthcoming "What We NOW Know About Jewish Education" (to be published by Torah Aura, Spring 2008). The findings of this analysis outline an agenda for further research by highlighting a number of emergent themes pertaining to the practical and conceptual challenges that lie…

Bloomberg, Linda Dale

2007-01-01

292

Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. Volumes III [and] IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two volumes of a handbook on theory and research in higher education are presented. The 11 papers included in Volume III are as follows: "Qualitative Research Methods in Higher Education" (R. Crowson); "Bricks and Mortar: Architecture and the Study of Higher Education" (J. Thelin and J. Yankovich); "Enrollment Demand Models and Their Policy Uses…

Smart, John C., Ed.

293

A Qualitative Evaluation of the Avon Foundation Community Education and Outreach Initiative Patient Navigation Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents a qualitative evaluation of the Avon Foundation Community Education and Outreach Initiative (CEOI) Patient\\u000a Navigation Program. Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted with breast cancer patients (N?=?18) of the CEOI Patient Navigation Program. Primary strengths of the program include the nature of the relationship between\\u000a the patient and navigator, the availability of navigators to attend appointments, and the

Dara Ford Schlueter; Winifred Wilkins Thompson; Tamara A. Mason; Makeeta Rayton; Kimberly Jacob Arriola

2010-01-01

294

Women's Access to Higher Education in Tanzania: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to reveal the ways in which first-generation women in Tanzania explained their success in pursuing a university education despite cultural and social obstacles. Such obstacles include social policies, socio-cultural factors, and academic factors. A review of the literature revealed that issues such as patriarchy,…

Johnson, Megan Patricia

2011-01-01

295

Using Qualitative Methods to Assess Student Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student learning assessment has become one of the central issues of public policy and accountability in higher education. Since the mid-1980s, a number of federal and state commissions and policy organizations have emphasized the importance of assessment for a variety of institutional practices, including student retention, graduation rates, and…

Contreras-McGavin, Melissa; Kezar, Adrianna J.

2007-01-01

296

Comparative, Diachronic, Ethnographic Research on Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most qualitative studies in international education take place in a single site in a single nation. When studies are of more than one country, they most often use more quantitative than qualitative approaches. Beatrice and John Whiting conducted the most systematic of comparative cross-cultural studies of child rearing in their "Six…

Tobin, Joseph

2014-01-01

297

Governing through community allegiance: a qualitative examination of peer research in community-based participatory research  

PubMed Central

The disappointing results of many public health interventions have been attributed in part to the lack of meaningful community engagement in the planning, implementation, and evaluation of these initiatives. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) has emerged as an alternative research paradigm that directly involves community members in all aspects of the research process. Their involvement is often said to be an empowering experience that builds capacity. In this paper, we interrogate these assumptions, drawing on interview data from a qualitative study investigating the experiences of 18 peer researchers (PRs) recruited from nine CBPR studies in Toronto, Canada. These individuals brought to their respective projects experience of homelessness, living with HIV, being an immigrant or refugee, identifying as transgender, and of having a mental illness. The reflections of PRs are compared to those of other research team members collected in separate focus groups. Findings from these interviews are discussed with an attention to Foucault's concept of ‘governmentality’, and compared against popular community-based research principles developed by Israel and colleagues. While PRs spoke about participating in CBPR initiatives to share their experience and improve conditions for their communities, these emancipatory goals were often subsumed within corporatist research environments that limited participation. Overall, this study offers a much-needed theoretical engagement with this popular research approach and raises critical questions about the limits of community engagement in collaborative public health research. PMID:24273389

Guta, Adrian; Flicker, Sarah; Roche, Brenda

2013-01-01

298

Theme Issue: Developing Research in Technology Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sets the stage for a theme issue on developing research in technology education. Discusses past reviews of research focusing on the purposes of technology education, the nature of technology, and assessment in technology education. (Contains 38 references.) (DDR)

Jones, Alister

2001-01-01

299

Research Methods and Data Analysis Procedures Used by Educational Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To assess the status and the trends of subject matters investigated and research methods/designs and data analysis procedures employed by educational researchers, this study surveyed articles published by the "American Educational Research Journal (AERJ)," "Journal of Experimental Education (JEE)" and "Journal of Educational Research (JER)" from…

Hsu, Tse-chi

2005-01-01

300

Research methods and data analysis procedures used by educational researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

To assess the status and the trends of subject matters investigated and research methods\\/designs and data analysis procedures employed by educational researchers, this study surveyed articles published by the American Educational Research Journal (AERJ), Journal of Experimental Education (JEE) and Journal of Educational Research (JER) from 1971 to 1998. Results of the study show that almost three quarters of subject

2005-01-01

301

Nursing students' expectations regarding effective clinical education: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

This study aimed to describe the expectations of Bachelor of Science nursing students regarding what constitutes an effective clinical education. In this study, a semistructured interview process was utilized with 17 nursing students studying in sophomore, junior and senior years in training units of hospitals affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Content analysis was employed to analyse the data. Data analysis led to identification of three main themes: (i) appropriate communication and interaction between instructors and students; (ii) incorporation of both theory and practice in clinical education, with two subthemes, one being the presence of the instructor as a factor for reducing the gap between theory and practice and the other being evaluation based on appropriate criteria; and (iii) having specialized instructors, with a specific emphasis on the instructor's knowledge and motivation as important factors in learning. The findings reveal the significant role of mentors in providing effective educational and clinical experiences. Therefore, mentors must strive to develop their knowledge and clinical behaviours according to students' needs in clinical settings. PMID:25289734

Esmaeili, Maryam; Cheraghi, Mohammad Ali; Salsali, Mahvash; Ghiyasvandian, Shahrzad

2014-10-01

302

Introduction to Educational Research. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is designed to provide knowledge about educational research and to help graduate students in education organize and conduct their own research. No prior familiarity with the principles, procedures, or terminology of educational research is required. Chapters are: (1) "Educational Research: Its Nature and Rules of Operation"; (2) "Types…

Charles, C. M.

303

Qualitative Research in Career Development: Content Analysis from 1990 to 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A content analysis of 11 journals that published career, vocational, and work-related articles from 1990 to 2009 was conducted. Of 3,279 articles analyzed, 55.9% used quantitative methods and 35.5% were theoretical/conceptual articles. Only 6.3% used qualitative research methods. Among the qualitative empirical studies, standards of academic rigor…

Stead, Graham B.; Perry, Justin C.; Munka, Linda M.; Bonnett, Heather R.; Shiban, Abbey P.; Care, Esther

2012-01-01

304

The Case for Fiction as Qualitative Research: Towards a Non-Referential Ground for Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the wake of the crisis of representation, the qualitative approaches have gained momentum within the social sciences. This crisis has lead to a widespread awareness about the need to incorporate the subject's understanding in the research design. Yet, the validity of qualitative accounts is still regarded as a function of its representative…

Mus, Stijn

2012-01-01

305

The mix of qualitative and quantitative research in major marketing journals, 1993-2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to determine the mix of qualitative and quantitative research published in major marketing journals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study involved a content analysis of 1,195 articles published between 1993 and 2002 in three prominent marketing journals. Findings – It was found that 24.80 per cent of articles employed qualitative methods in some form,

Dallas Hanson; Martin Grimmer

2007-01-01

306

Qualitative Research with an Understudied Population: In-Depth Interviews with Women of Mexican Descent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community-based qualitative research offers advantages for study of populations that are understudied and not well understood, but qualitative methodology presents major challenges. This article examines some of these challenges, illustrated by a study of pregnancy and childbearing among women of Mexican descent. Issues addressed in this article include culture and gender relevance, access to the population, representativeness, skilled interviewers, trust

Margaret Sherrard Sherraden; Rossana E. Barrera

1995-01-01

307

Using the framework method for the analysis of qualitative data in multi-disciplinary health research  

PubMed Central

Background The Framework Method is becoming an increasingly popular approach to the management and analysis of qualitative data in health research. However, there is confusion about its potential application and limitations. Discussion The article discusses when it is appropriate to adopt the Framework Method and explains the procedure for using it in multi-disciplinary health research teams, or those that involve clinicians, patients and lay people. The stages of the method are illustrated using examples from a published study. Summary Used effectively, with the leadership of an experienced qualitative researcher, the Framework Method is a systematic and flexible approach to analysing qualitative data and is appropriate for use in research teams even where not all members have previous experience of conducting qualitative research. PMID:24047204

2013-01-01

308

A qualitative study to explore communication skills in veterinary medical education  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To explore and gain an understanding of what “clinical communication skills” mean to veterinarians working in private practice and what implications this might have for veterinary medical education. Methods: Qualitative research methods were used to purposefully sample a range of veterinary practitioners from a pool of South Australian veterinary practices who were interviewed to determine their understanding of what communication skills mean in the context of veterinary practice. Interviews were conducted with fourteen veterinary practitioners. Participants were sampled from a range of ages, veterinary schools of graduation plus urban and rural locations. Interview transcripts were analysed for themes, definitions and contexts. Results: Participants’ accounts included a number of skills which they considered to be “communication”. Some of the definitions of these skills parallel communication skills and competencies for human medicine on which communication skills training incorporated into veterinary curricula to date have largely been based. However, the veterinarians in this study also raised interesting contextual differences unique to the veterinary profession, such as communication with the animal, selling service, discussing money in relation to decisions for care, and communicating about euthanasia. Conclusions: Veterinary practitioners require high level communication skills. Education and training in veterinary medicine may be better tailored to reflect the unique context of the veterinary profession. PMID:25341230

Hamood, Wendy J.; Chur-Hansen, Anna; McArthur, Michelle L.

2014-01-01

309

Qualitative Research in Suicidology: Still a Well-Disguised Blessing?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantitative research can offer the best possible approximation of objective, unprejudiced observations and may therefore be a cornerstone of theory formulation in suicidal behavior. However, despite an increase in publications containing quantitative research, few theories have emerged. This paper describes a few factors that contributed to that: inadequate statistical techniques, research variety, lack of validity, and lack of effect size

Erik Jan de Wilde

2002-01-01

310

Ethics and the Promotion of Inclusiveness within Qualitative Research: Case Examples from Asia and the Pacific  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative researchers are often confronted by ethical challenges when making research decisions because current guidelines and principles guiding research ethics do not wholly cover the concerns that can arise in complex social research situations. In this article, the authors explore this dilemma in relation to our experiences of conducting…

Czymoniewicz-Klippel, Melina T.; Brijnath, Bianca; Crockett, Belinda

2010-01-01

311

Art Practice as Research in the Classroom: A New Paradigm in Art Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The artmaking process is increasingly accepted in experimental forms of qualitative ethnographic, narrative, and phenomenological research in the social sciences, psychology, and education. Some artists and art educators are taking idea of using art practice in research a step further and claiming that art practice is research. That is to say,…

Marshall, Julia; D'Adamo, Kimberley

2011-01-01

312

A Roadmap for Educational Research in Pharmacy  

PubMed Central

Educational research must play a critical role in informing practice and policy within pharmacy education. Understanding the educational environment and its impact on students, faculty members, and other stakeholders is imperative for improving outcomes and preparing pharmacy students to meet the needs of 21st century health care. To aid in the design and implementation of meaningful educational research within colleges and schools of pharmacy, this roadmap addresses philosophy and educational language; guidelines for the conduct of educational research; research design, including 4 approaches to defining, collecting, and analyzing educational data; measurement issues; ethical considerations; resources and tools; and the value of educational research in guiding curricular transformation. PMID:24371342

Dean, Meredith J.; Mumper, Russell J.; Blouin, Robert A.; Roth, Mary T.

2013-01-01

313

Scientific Culture and Educational Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires federal grantees to use their funds on evidence-based strategies. The law includes definitions of research quality, which are also featured prominently in the administration’s strategic plan and in draft language for the re-authorization of the U.S. Office of Educational Research and Improvement. These initiatives pose a rare opportunity and formidable challenge

Michael J. Feuer; Lisa Towne; Richard J. Shavelson

2002-01-01

314

Graduate Student Research Positions Sustainability Education Research Institute  

E-print Network

, and community-based organizations at a national and international scale. PROJECT: SEPN is a large-scale research project on sustainability education policy Graduate Student Research Positions Sustainability Education Research

Peak, Derek

315

Can the Federal Government Improve Education Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Will recent federal policy changes succeed in improving the quality of education policy research? One explanation for the limited supply to date of high-quality evaluation evidence in education is limited demand, owing perhaps, in part, to market failure for both education outcomes and education research. In the market for education outcomes, the…

Jacob, Brian; Ludwig, Jens

2005-01-01

316

Everglades Research and Education Center  

E-print Network

- gy, pesticide impacts on honey bees, African honey bees, and native pollinator ecology to save the honey bee: honey bee research at the University of Florida Dr. Ellis is an Associate Professor the AFBEE program (African Bee Extension and Education Pro- gram), the UF Bee College, and the UF Master Bee

Jawitz, James W.

317

Questionnaire Research in Higher Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this paper is to discuss the survey as a research method based on three questionnaire surveys developed and administered in educational settings: (1) a survey exploring the status aspiration and gender awareness of undergraduate women completed by 62 respondents; (2) a survey of computer-assisted instruction completed by 111…

Inoue, Yukiko

318

Scientific Communication in Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on the production, dissemination, and assimilation of material published in the major journals on educational research--four "core" journals and three "tangential." Two questionnaires were used: one sent to the authors of all articles published in 1968 and 1969, and the second to the persons whom these authors cited as working…

Nelson, Carnot E.

319

Physics Education Research funding census  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It is important for a research community, such as Physics Education Research (PER), to understand how much funding it receives and where this funding comes from. During spring 2011, US-based members of the PER community were asked to respond to a web survey to identify funding that supports their research. Results indicate that the total funding base for PER from 2006-2010 (inclusive) is at least 262 grants worth a total of $72.5M. Most (75%) of the funding for PER comes from the National Science Foundation (NSF) and most of the NSF funding is through the NSF Directorate for Education and Human Resources. Very little PER work is funded through the Education and Interdisciplinary Research (EIR) Program that is housed within the NSF Division of Physics, nor is there significant funding from the US Department of Education. Although funding supports work at all levels of physics instruction, by far the largest amount of funding goes to support work at the introductory undergraduate level.

Henderson, Charles R.; Barthelemy, Ramã³n S.; Finkelstein, Noah D.; Mestre, Jose P.

2012-04-25

320

Fine Arts Education. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What are the benefits of a Fine Arts education? With the advent of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2000, extreme pressure has been put on schools to concentrate the majority of their efforts and resources on reading, math and science skills. Yet, NCLB also states that every child should be well-versed in the arts. Some research has shown that when…

Walker, Karen

2006-01-01

321

Education for Research in Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comments on the report of the Estes Park Seminar on Education for Research in Psychology (Amer. Psychologist, 1959, 14, 167-179). The seminar apparently advocates the doctrine of the golden mean: theory, breadth of scholarship, statistics, etc. are not bad, are indeed necessary; but there is a serious danger that they may be carried to excess. This is no doubt true;

Norman H. Anderson

1959-01-01

322

Educational Challenges and Research Opportunities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that teaching and research should not be antithetical in the undergraduate science classroom. Describes an approach to teaching human nutrition as a distance education class via interactive television (ITV). Reports on a survey that explored similarities and differences in demographics, learning, and/or behavioral change between ITV and…

Gans, Dian Althea

1997-01-01

323

Counselors' and Counselor Educators' Practice of Mindfulness: A Qualitative Inquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Buddhist practice of mindfulness is being used more often both to help clients and to facilitate counselor effectiveness. A growing body of research supports these uses of mindfulness. Most authors also emphasize that those who teach mindfulness must also apply it themselves. However, little is known about how counselors and counselor…

Rothaupt, Jeanne W.; Morgan, Michael M.

2007-01-01

324

Research Paper: Emotional Aspects of Computer-based Provider Order Entry: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectivesComputer-based provider order entry (CPOE) systems are implemented to increase both efficiency and accuracy in health care, but these systems often cause a myriad of emotions to arise. This qualitative research investigates the emotions surrounding CPOE implementation and use.MethodsWe performed a secondary analysis of several previously collected qualitative data sets from interviews and observations of over 50 individuals. Three researchers

Dean F. Sittig; Michael Krall; JoAnn Kaalaas-Sittig; Joan S. Ash

2005-01-01

325

Head-mounted cameras and stimulated recall in qualitative sport research  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are a number of innovative procedures available for use in qualitative research, including observation, note-taking and verbal protocol techniques. This paper highlights the potential usefulness of stimulated recall as an innovative technique for use in qualitative research in sport and possibly exercise. Specifically, it focuses on video footage obtained from head-mounted cameras for use in stimulated recall during post-event

Susan Houge Mackenzie; John H. Kerr

2012-01-01

326

Recruiting Ethnically Diverse Participants into Qualitative Health Research: Lessons Learned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The inclusion of ethnically diverse populations in health research is crucial for addressing ethnic disparities in health status and care. Despite this need, non-dominant ethnic groups continue to be under-represented in health studies. The reasons may be at least partly due to the difficulties inherent in recruiting such groups for research. In…

Renert, Hagar; Russell-Mayhew, Shelly; Arthur, Nancy

2013-01-01

327

Experimental Ethnography: The Marriage of Qualitative and Quantitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experimental and ethnographic research methods are often described as mutually exclusive. This article suggests how they could be combined in the method of “experimental ethnography.” Building ethnographic methods into the separate branches of randomized controlled trials could substantially increase the range of conclusions that can be produced by experimental research designs, as well as by ethnographic methods. Experimental designs offer

Lawrence W. Sherman; Heather Strang

2004-01-01

328

Beyond division: convergences between postmodern qualitative research and family therapy.  

PubMed

Starting from examples of postmodern research and therapeutic practice, we raise the question on the role of the research-therapy dichotomy within these approaches. The article aims to show the profound convergence between postmodern ethnographic research and constructionist, collaborative therapeutic approaches on a double, epistemological and practice level. First, we point out their converging development toward narrative and constructionist epistemologies. Second, an inquiry into the core features of these disciplinary activities' goal, process, and expert role reveals their profound convergence into a dialogical practice in which the boundaries between research and therapy are radically transgressed. We conclude by questioning the implications and acceptability of this convergence for researchers' and therapists' understanding of their practices. PMID:20074120

De Haene, Lucia

2010-01-01

329

2007 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This text brings together peer-reviewed papers from the 2007 Physics Education Research Conference, whose theme was Cognitive Science and Physics Education Research. The conference brought together researchers studying a wide variety of topics in physics education including transfer of knowledge, learning in physics courses at all levels, teacher education, and cross-disciplinary learning.

2009-10-25

330

2006 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2006 Physics Education Research Conference brought together researchers studying a wide variety of topics in physics education including transfer of knowledge, learning in upper level physics courses, pre-service education, and cross-disciplinary learning. The theme of this conference was "Discipline-Based Education Research in Other STEM Disciplines."

2009-10-25

331

Description and Analysis of the USAID Girls' Education Activity in Guatemala, Morocco, and Peru. Qualitative Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative report of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Girls' Education Activity (GEA) focuses on the results of project activities in Guatemala, Morocco, and Peru. Section 1 outlines the overall purpose and goals of the GEA; contrasts the major tactics of the program in each country; and describes the…

Brush, Lorelei; Heyman, Cory; Provasnik, Stephan; Fanning, Marina; Lent, Drew; De Wilde, Johan

332

Arts and Humanities General Education Assessment: A Qualitative Approach to Developing Program Objectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A critical stage of the assessment process is the development of learning objectives. In this study, learning outcomes for general education in the arts and humanities were identified through content analysis with thematic networks. The findings provide additional support for qualitative approaches in developing program-level learning objectives.…

Joe, Jilliam N.; Harmes, J. Christine; Barry, Carol L.

2008-01-01

333

A Qualitative Study of Information Technology Students' Learning Outcomes during a Cooperative Education Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe the learning outcomes of the cooperative-education experience from an Information Technology student's perspective at a large Fortune 500 manufacturing/sales company located in the Midwest United States. Open-ended interview questions were developed based on the four-component model…

Krejci, Katherine T.

2010-01-01

334

Experiences of Preschoolers with Severe Disabilities in an Inclusive Early Education Setting: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the social experiences of preschoolers with severe disabilities in an inclusive early education setting. Teachers, paraprofessionals, and peers were interviewed, and the children and adults were observed in daily routines of the preschool. Findings showed that social experiences with adults were…

Hanline, Mary Francis; Correa-Torres, Silvia M.

2012-01-01

335

STEM Education Related Dissertation Abstracts: A Bounded Qualitative Meta-Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article utilizes a bounded qualitative meta-study framework to examine the 101 dissertation abstracts found by searching the ProQuest Dissertation and Theses[TM] digital database for dissertations abstracts from 1990 through 2010 using the search terms education, science, technology, engineer, and STEM/SMET. Professional search librarians…

Banning, James; Folkestad, James E.

2012-01-01

336

Changing Green Subjectivities in Outdoor and Environmental Education: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on a longitudinal qualitative study of Australian tertiary students studying Outdoor and Environmental Education. It draws on the work of Foucault and Darier to consider how "environmental governmentality" shapes the conduct, desires and attitudes of these students over time. Attention is drawn to normalising and disciplinary…

Preston, Lou

2012-01-01

337

Using culture-centered qualitative formative research to design broadcast messages for HIV prevention for African American adolescents.  

PubMed

The need for formative research in designing mass media health-education messages is widely accepted; however, distinct methodologies for developing such messages are less well documented. This article describes a culture-centered approach for developing messages to promote sexual risk reduction in urban African American adolescents. The method uses qualitative formative research to identify "competing narratives" that support healthy behavior despite the dominance of messages that favor risk-taking behavior. The method is illustrated using qualitative analysis of semistructured interviews with 124 adolescents. Analysis focuses on two barriers to sexual risk reduction: (a) social pressure for early initiation of sexual intercourse and (b) perceptions that condoms reduce sexual pleasure. We demonstrate how competing narratives identified in the analysis can be featured in radio and television messages advocating healthy behavior by modeling risk-reducing negotiation skills. PMID:18569363

Horner, Jennifer R; Romer, Daniel; Vanable, Peter A; Salazar, Laura F; Carey, Michael P; Juzang, Ivan; Fortune, Thierry; Diclemente, Ralph; Farber, Naomi; Stanton, Bonita; Valois, Robert F

2008-06-01

338

A Qualitative Study of a Local District Teacher Induction Program and Its Perception by Young Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The findings in this study will add to the body of research regarding improving workplace support for urban educators. One of the major issues in public education today is that of teacher induction. In this study, the researcher explored, through first-hand accounts of early service educators, the perceived effect, in terms of performance in the…

Barbee, Brad

2010-01-01

339

Insecurities of Women Regarding Breast Cancer Research: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Only 1.2%–11% of all potential study participants participate in cancer studies. Low participation rates can result in bias or in a failure to obtain data saturation. Subject-scientific psychology assumes that reasons for acting are based on individual premises. The objective of this study was to render reproducible individual reasons of female breast cancer patients to participate or not participate in breast cancer studies using a qualitative approach. Methods Problem-based interviews were conducted with female breast cancer patients. The selection of interview partners continued until theoretical data saturation was achieved. Results As main arguments against participation emotional overload and too many medication side-effects were stated. Improvement of health-related values, long-term protection and comprehensive follow-up exams were stated as arguments for participation. Trust in the attending physician was mentioned as influencing both participation and non-participation. Conclusions A significant influential factor determining willingness to participate in studies was one's contentment with patient-physician communication. In order to guarantee an adequate patient decision-making process, keeping existing standards for patient briefings is absolutely mandatory. PMID:24312584

Habersack, Marion; Luschin, Gero

2013-01-01

340

A qualitative study of parents' experiences of providing sex education for their children: The implications for health education  

Microsoft Academic Search

0bjective To explore how parents talk to their children and identify the factors that influence parents talking to their children about sex. In addition, to uncover ways by which this sex education could be enhanced.Design A qualitative study of parents' experiences of providing sex education to their children.Setting Interviews were carried out in the field within parents' homes or workplace.Method

Joy L Walker

2001-01-01

341

Focus group interview: an underutilized research technique for improving theory and practice in health education.  

PubMed

The purpose of this article is to increase awareness about and stimulate interest in using focus group interviews, a qualitative research technique, to advance the state-of-the-art of education and learning about health. After a brief discussion of small group process in health education, features of focus group interviews are presented, and a theoretical framework for planning a focus group study is summarized. Then, literature describing traditional and health-related applications of focus group interviews is reviewed and a synthesis of methodological limitations and advantages of this technique is presented. Implications are discussed regarding: need for more inductive qualitative research in health education; utility of focus group interviews for research and for formative and summative evaluation of health education programs; applicability of marketing research to understanding and influencing consumer behavior, despite notable distinctions between educational initiatives and marketing; and need for professional preparation faculty to consider increasing emphasis on qualitative research methods. PMID:3319971

Basch, C E

1987-01-01

342

Critical Issues: Sounding Like More Than Background Noise to Policy Makers: Qualitative Researchers in the Policy Arena.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Addresses the relationships of qualitative researchers to the policy-making process. Uses the example of the Reading Excellence Act to demonstrate that qualitative researchers have many points of access to the policy-making process. Suggests qualitative researchers must provide relevant information, communicate in a straightforward manner,…

Roller, Cathy M.; Long, Richard M.

2001-01-01

343

Integrating the Complete Research Project into a Large Qualitative Methods Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Participatory exercises are standard practice in qualitative methods courses; less common are projects that engage students in the entire research process, from research design to write-up. Although the teaching literature provides several models of complete research projects, their feasibility, and appropriateness for large, compulsory,…

Raddon, Mary-Beth; Nault, Caleb; Scott, Alexis

2008-01-01

344

Multiple pathways to knowledge generation: qualitative and quantitative research approaches in sport and exercise psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantitative and qualitative research approaches incorporate different research methodologies but also are structured, evaluated and justified using different philosophical bases. Thus, they may truly involve different ‘ways to know’. The purpose of this article is to present one quantitative scholar’s perceptions as to how the work produced by both sets of researchers can be used to enhance the teaching, advising

Thelma S. Horn

2011-01-01

345

The sociologist and the community developer: Autonomy and role conflict in qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sociologists are being called upon to evaluate community development efforts in the United States at an increasing rate. These sociologists, as independent researchers, are working side by side with professional community development consultants. Based on an ongoing community development research project, which rests largely upon qualitative techniques, the roles of consultant and researcher are delineated. Methodological advantages and disadvantages of

Stephen Clark King

1981-01-01

346

Inside qualitative, cross?national research: making methods transparent in a EU housing study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the last decade there has been a significant growth in comparative, cross?national research and recognition of its potential significance in responding to globalisation pressures. A range of methodological approaches have been documented. However, whilst a growing literature exists on undertaking comparative research generally, less has been published on the experiences of undertaking qualitative research in a cross?national context, particularly

Deborah Quilgars; Marja Elsinga; Anwen Jones; Janneke Toussaint; Hannu Ruonavaara; Päivi Naumanen

2009-01-01

347

Qualitative Research in Question: A Narrative of Disciplinary Power with/in the IRB  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article narrates the author's experience of obtaining institutional review board (IRB) approval for her dissertation study. Although her research topic was particularly sensitive, this case is illustrative of the increasing level of difficulty qualitative researchers are facing in conducting not only risky research but also work that is not…

Johnson, Tara Star

2008-01-01

348

Qualitative Research as a Hero's Journey: Six Archetypes to Draw on  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is the research process similar to a hero's journey? Just as a hero draws on different archetypes during the journey, a researcher moves through phases and must draw upon different strengths. In this article, the six archetypes that Pearson (1998) links to the hero's journey are described. Then, each phase of a qualitative research study is…

Villate, Vanessa M.

2012-01-01

349

A Qualitative Study of Early-Career Special Education Faculty Perceptions of Preparation and Induction  

E-print Network

teachers are well prepared for their roles and responsibilities. Recruitment and preparation of doctoral students who become teacher education researchers and teacher educators is a neglected part of this process. This investigation explored the formal...

Newton, Jennifer Ryan

2011-12-31

350

Research Bulletin of the National Institute for Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin contains English translations of two original research papers dealing with education in Japan. Summaries in English of research activities of the Japanese National Institute for Educational Research (NIER) are also included. The first research paper is a "Survey of Opinions Concerning the Reform of Compulsory Education." After World…

National Inst. for Educational Research, Tokyo (Japan).

351

Embodiment of the interpersonal nexus: revealing qualitative research findings on shoulder surgery patients  

PubMed Central

Background The paper reports on the importance of the interpersonal nexus within qualitative research processes, from a recent research project on patient experiences of shoulder surgery. Our aim is to reveal the importance of qualitative research processes and specifically the role of the interpersonal nexus in generating quality data. Literature related to the importance of human interactions and interpersonal communication processes in health-related research remains limited. Shoulder surgery has been reported to be associated with significant postoperative pain. While shoulder surgery research has investigated various analgesic techniques to determine key efficacy and minimization of adverse side effects, little has been reported from the patient perspective. Methods Following institutional ethics approval, this project was conducted in two private hospitals in Victoria, Australia, in 2010. The methods included a survey questionnaire, semistructured interviews, and researcher-reflective journaling. Researcher-reflective journaling was utilized to highlight and discuss the interpersonal nexus. Results This research specifically addresses the importance of the contributions of qualitative methods and processes to understanding patient experiences of analgesic efficacy and shoulder surgery. The results reveal the importance of the established research process and the interwoven interpersonal nexus between the researcher and the research participants. The interpersonal skills of presencing and empathetic engagement are particularly highlighted. Conclusion The authors attest the significance of establishing an interpersonal nexus in order to reveal patient experiences of shoulder surgery. Interpersonal emotional engagement is particularly highlighted in data collection, in what may be otherwise understated and overlooked qualitative findings in patient experiences of shoulder surgery. PMID:22442632

Glass, Nel; Ogle, K Robyn

2012-01-01

352

Perfect Match? Qualitative audience research and the community media sector  

Microsoft Academic Search

Griffith University researchers in 2002 presented the final results of a national survey of community radio stations. The final report 'Culture Commitment Community - The Australian Community Radio Sector' contained a wealth of information on the sector and covered many 'station-based' perspectives on issues such as localism, funding and sponsorship, Indigenous and ethnic programming and training. A key criticism of

Michael Meadows; Susan Forde; Jacqui Ewart; Kerrie Foxwell; Christine Morris

2005-01-01

353

Doing Qualitative Research Using Your Computer: A Practical Guide  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a practical, hands-on guide to using commonly available everyday technology, including Microsoft software, to manage and streamline research projects. It uses straight-forward, everyday language to walk readers through this process, drawing on a wide range of examples to demonstrate how easy it is to use such software. This guide is…

Hahn, Chris

2008-01-01

354

Improving Transcription of Qualitative Research Interviews with Speech Recognition Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent development of high-quality voice recognition software greatly facilitates the production of transcriptions for research and allows for objective and full transcription as well as annotated interpretation. Commercial speech recognition programs that are appropriate for generating transcriptions are available from a number of vendors,…

Fogg, Terry; Wightman, Colin W.

355

Including People with Intellectual Disabilities in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The voice of people with intellectual disabilities (ID) is needed in the literature to best understand their unique experiences and perspectives. Researchers face challenges in conducting interviews with people with ID who are limited in conceptual and verbal language skills. It can also be difficult to obtain participants with ID because of…

Hall, Sarah A.

2013-01-01

356

A Review of the Qualitative Research on Multigrade Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews selected research studies of multigrade classrooms in Canada, Finland, eight developing nations (India, Korea, Maldives, Nepal, Thailand, Philippines, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia), and the United States. Based on information about the perceptions of multigrade instruction of principals and teachers, the following issues are…

Miller, Bruce A.

357

A Review of the Qualitative Research on Multigrade Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examination of interviews and surveys provides an overview of the problems and needs of rural school teachers in multigrade classrooms. A review of research and teacher reports in the U.S. and other countries compares instructional methods in multigrade and single grade classrooms. Implications for teacher preparation, classroom organization, and…

Miller, Bruce A.

1991-01-01

358

Activity Theory and Qualitative Research in Digital Domains  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Understanding the interactions between people, computer-mediated communication, and online life requires that researchers appropriate a set of methodological tools that would be best suited for capturing and analyzing the phenomenon. However, these tools are not limited to relevant technological forms of data collections and analysis programs; it…

Sam, Cecile

2012-01-01

359

An Applied Introduction to Qualitative Research Methods in Academic Advising  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Academic advising research aids faculty members and advisors in detecting, explaining, and addressing macro-level trends beyond their local campus. It also helps legitimize the professional nature of academic advising, moving it beyond mere prescriptive models that focus on rules and course selection. Due to the erroneous belief that skills in…

Hurt, Robert L.; McLaughlin, Eric J.

2012-01-01

360

Out of the frying pan? Streamlining the ethics review process of multisite qualitative research projects.  

PubMed

This paper describes the ethics approval processes for two multicentre, nationwide, qualitative health service research projects. The paper explains that the advent of the National Ethics Application Form has brought many improvements, but that attendant processes put in place at local health network and Human Research Ethics Committee levels may have become significantly more complicated, particularly for innovative qualitative research projects. The paper raises several questions based on its analysis of ethics application processes currently in place. WHAT IS KNOWN ABOUT THE TOPIC? The complexity of multicentre research ethics applications for research in health services has been addressed by the introduction of the National Ethics Application Form. Uptake of the form across the country's human research ethics committees has been uneven. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD? This paper adds detailed insight into the ethics application process as it is currently enacted across the country. The paper details this process with reference to difficulties faced by multisite and qualitative studies in negotiating access to research sites, ethics committees' relative unfamiliarity with qualitative research , and apparent tensions between harmonisation and local sites' autonomy in approving research. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTITIONERS? Practitioners aiming to engage in research need to be aware that ethics approval takes place in an uneven procedural landscape, made up of variable levels of ethics approval harmonization and intricate governance or site-specific assessment processes. PMID:23257167

Iedema, Rick A M; Allen, Suellen; Britton, Kate; Hor, Suyin

2013-05-01

361

Positive Activities: Qualitative Research with Parents. Solutions Research. Research Report. DCSF-RR142  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was commissioned by COI and DCSF to understand in depth, the barriers, motivators and messages for parents to encourage participation in positive activities for young people. Within this the research was designed to understand the level of influence of parents in whether a young person participates/what a young person might…

Department for Children, Schools and Families, 2009

2009-01-01

362

Recommendations for internet-based qualitative health research with hard-to-reach populations.  

PubMed

Researchers new to online qualitative health research frequently have questions about how to transfer knowledge of offline data collection to an online environment. In this article, we present best-practice guidelines derived from the literature and our experience to help researchers determine if an online qualitative study design is appropriate for their research project and, if so, when to begin data collection with a hard-to-reach population. Researchers should reflect on administrative, population, and data collection considerations when deciding between online and offline data collection. Decisions must be made regarding whether to conduct interviews or focus groups, to collect data using asynchronous or synchronous methods, and to use only text or to incorporate visual media. Researchers should also reflect on human subjects, recruitment, research instrumentation, additional data collection, and public relations considerations when writing protocols to guide the research team's response to various situations. Our recommendations direct researchers' reflection on these considerations. PMID:24623662

Wilkerson, J Michael; Iantaffi, Alex; Grey, Jeremy A; Bockting, Walter O; Rosser, B R Simon

2014-04-01

363

Ignorance, Environmental Education Research and Design Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the relatively new discipline of design education we have the opportunity to frame the way that design education is formulated. The relative lack of theorists in the field of design education studies leaves unquestioned the relevance of conventional practices of design education that are premised on only tangentially relevant Art, Science and…

Barron, Deirdre; Jackson, Simon; Anderson, Lyndon

2005-01-01

364

From Qualitative Work to Intervention Development in Pediatric Oncology Palliative Care Research  

PubMed Central

Qualitative methods can be particularly useful approaches to use with individuals who are experiencing a rare disease and thus who comprise a small sample (such as children with cancer) and are at points in care that few experience (such as end of life). This data-based methods article describes how findings from a qualitative study were used to guide and shape a pediatric oncology palliative care intervention. Qualitative data can lay a strong foundation for subsequent pilot intervention work by facilitating the development of an underlying study conceptualization, providing recruitment feasibility estimates, helping establish clinically meaningful inclusion criteria, establishing staff acceptability of a research intervention, and providing support for face validity of newly developed interventions. These benefits of preliminary qualitative research are described in the context of this study on legacy-making, which involves reports of children (7-12 years of age) living with advanced cancer and of their parent caregivers. PMID:23632900

Gilmer, Mary Jo; Friedman, Debra L.; Given, Barbara; Hendricks-Ferguson, Verna L.; Hinds, Pamela S.

2013-01-01

365

The cathartic reflection: Enhancing community engagement through use of qualitative research methods in post-disaster community planning.  

E-print Network

??Qualitative research methodological tools such as focus groups, key informant interviews and community surveys are traditionally used to provide context to larger quantitative research studies.… (more)

Gaffey, Abigail Marie

2013-01-01

366

Embodied Experience in Educational Practice and Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The intention of this article is to make an educational analysis of Merleau-Ponty's theory of experience in order to see what it implicates for educational practice as well as educational research. In this way, we can attain an understanding what embodied experience might mean both in schools and other educational settings and in researching

Bengtsson, Jan

2013-01-01

367

A Review of the Use of Ethnographic Techniques in Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is growing interest in the use of anthropological (also called qualitative, phenomenological, or ethnographic) techniques in educational research. Because ethnographic methodology differs significantly from the research approaches more commonly used in education, its rationale, its data collection processes, and the nature of its findings…

Wilson, Stephen; And Others

368

Critical Race Studies in Education: Examining a Decade of Research on U.S. Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors critically synthesize how Critical Race Theory (CRT) as an emerging field of inquiry has been used as a tool of critique and analysis in K-12 education research. The authors point out that CRT has been used as a framework for examining: persistent racial inequities in education, qualitative research methods, pedagogy and practice, the schooling experiences

Marvin Lynn; Laurence Parker

2006-01-01

369

Critical Race Studies in Education: Examining a Decade of Research on U.S. Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors critically synthesize how Critical Race Theory (CRT) as an emerging field of inquiry has been used as a tool of critique and analysis in K-12 education research. The authors point out that CRT has been used as a framework for examining: persistent racial inequities in education, qualitative research methods, pedagogy…

Lynn, Marvin; Parker, Laurence

2006-01-01

370

Is Educational Intervention Research on the Decline?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors examined intervention studies that appeared in four educational psychology journals (Cognition & Instruction, Contemporary Educational Psychology, Journal of Educational Psychology, Journal of Experimental Education) and the American Educational Research Journal (AERJ) in 1983 and from 1995 to 2004. The majority of…

Hsieh, Peggy (Pei-Hsuan); Acee, Taylor; Chung, Wen-Hung; Hsieh, Ya-Ping; Kim, Hyunjin; Thomas, Greg D.; You, Ji-in; Levin, Joel R.; Robinson, Daniel H.

2005-01-01

371

Network Services for Library Education and Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Network services for library education and research should include access to: documentation and personnel in combination for research and education and instructional laboratories, instructional packages and testing, and curriculum information for educatio...

J. A. Tessier

1970-01-01

372

The Nature of Science Education Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a study by the Evidence-based Practice in Science Education (EPSE) Research Network that explores practitioners' views on the nature, use, and potential of science education research. (DDR)

Ratcliffe, Mary; Bartholomew, Hannah; Hames, Vicky; Hind, Andy; Leach, John; Millar, Robin; Osborne, Jonathan

2002-01-01

373

A Minimax Principle for Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

If the findings of educational research are to be more intuitively appealing, readily understood, and widely accepted, educational researchers should give better attention to the reduction of needless methodological complexity and to the improvement of conceptual clarity. (Editor)

Fincher, Cameron

1974-01-01

374

Media and Communication Research Methods: An Introduction to Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examining both qualitative and quantitative approaches, this introductory text addresses media and communication research methods. Written for beginning research students at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, the book is clear, concise, and accompanied by many detailed examples. Attention-grabbing dialogue begins each chapter and gives…

Berger, Arthur Asa

375

Combining qualitative and quantitative methods in research practice: purposes and advantages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite ongoing ‘paradigm wars’ between the methodological traditions of qualitative and quantitative research, ‘mixed methods’ represents nowadays a rapidly developing field of social science methodology. In such discussions it is often emphasized that the use of methods should be predominantly influenced by substantive research questions, and not only by methodological and epistemological considerations. As all methods have specific limitations as

Udo Kelle

2006-01-01

376

Ten Steps for Conceptualizing and Conducting Qualitative Research Studies in a Pragmatically Curious Manner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a world of methodological pluralism and mixed-methods, qualitative researchers can take a pathway of pragmatic curiosity by exploring their research interests and the possible design and methodology choices to create studies that not only allow them to pursue their investigative curiosities, but also result in coherent and effective systems of…

Chenail, Ronald J.

2011-01-01

377

Partnerships for International Research and Education  

NSF Publications Database

... advance specific research and education objectives and to make possible a research effort that ... Requirements Proposal Review Information NSF Proposal Review Process Review Protocol and Associated ...

378

Questioning the Federal Role in Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the Reagan administration's proposed budget cuts for education, educational research, and social science research. Holds that examples used to bolster the administration's criticisms of social and behavioral research come from the late 1960s/early 1970s, and ignore federally funded work currently focusing on educational practice, policy,…

Florio, David H.

1981-01-01

379

Discipline and Methodology in Higher Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Higher education research is a multidisciplinary field, engaging researchers from across the academy who make use of a wide range of methodological approaches. This article examines the relation between discipline and methodology in higher education research, analysing a database of 567 articles published in 15 leading higher education journals…

Tight, Malcolm

2013-01-01

380

Transnational Lives in European Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transnational collaboration by educational researchers in Europe has grown fast since the mid-1990s and the means to support it have become more easily accessible. A study of the growth of the European Educational Research Association (EERA) since its foundation in the mid-1990s shows how transnational research in European education began, and how…

Lawn, Martin

2014-01-01

381

Research facility access & science education  

SciTech Connect

As Congress voted to terminate the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) Laboratory in October of 1993, the Department of Energy was encouraged to maximize the benefits to the nation of approximately $2 billion which had already been expended to date on its evolution. Having been recruited to Texas from other intellectually challenging enclaves around the world, many regional scientists, especially physicists, of course, also began to look for viable ways to preserve some of the potentially short-lived gains made by Texas higher education in anticipation of {open_quotes}the SSC era.{close_quotes} In fact, by November, 1993, approximately 150 physicists and engineers from thirteen Texas universities and the SSC itself, had gathered on the SMU campus to discuss possible re-uses of the SSC assets. Participants at that meeting drew up a petition addressed to the state and federal governments requesting the creation of a joint Texas Facility for Science Education and Research. The idea was to create a facility, open to universities and industry alike, which would preserve the research and development infrastructure and continue the educational mission of the SSC.

Rosen, S.P. [Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States); Teplitz, V.L. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Physics Dept.

1994-10-01

382

Which Methods Are Best Suited to the Production of High-Quality Research in Geography Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers in geography education have access to a wide range of research methods, spanning the quantitative-qualitative continuum. However, the choice of which methods to employ in one's research has a direct impact on the subsequent quality of the research findings and should therefore be carefully considered. This paper briefly explores the…

Butt, Graham

2010-01-01

383

Grounded theory in medical education research: AMEE Guide No. 70.  

PubMed

Qualitative research in general and the grounded theory approach in particular, have become increasingly prominent in medical education research in recent years. In this Guide, we first provide a historical perspective on the origin and evolution of grounded theory. We then outline the principles underlying the grounded theory approach and the procedures for doing a grounded theory study, illustrating these elements with real examples. Next, we address key critiques of grounded theory, which continue to shape how the method is perceived and used. Finally, pitfalls and controversies in grounded theory research are examined to provide a balanced view of both the potential and the challenges of this approach. This Guide aims to assist researchers new to grounded theory to approach their studies in a disciplined and rigorous fashion, to challenge experienced researchers to reflect on their assumptions, and to arm readers of medical education research with an approach to critically appraising the quality of grounded theory studies. PMID:22913519

Watling, Christopher J; Lingard, Lorelei

2012-01-01

384

Critical arts?based research in education: performing undocumented historias  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article seeks to elucidate and academically position the genre of critical arts?based research in education. The article fuses Critical Race Theory (CRT), life history and performance, alongside work with undocumented American students of Mexican origin, to show how a politicised qualitative paradigmatic re envisioning can occur in which counter?histories and counter?stories can be co?created into a powerful, evocative, and

Carl Bagley

2011-01-01

385

Critical arts-based research in education: performing undocumented historias  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article seeks to elucidate and academically position the genre of critical arts-based research in education. The article fuses Critical Race Theory (CRT), life history and performance, alongside work with undocumented American students of Mexican origin, to show how a politicised qualitative paradigmatic re envisioning can occur in which counter-histories and counter-stories can be co-created into a powerful, evocative, and

Carl Bagley; Ricardo Castro-Salazar

2012-01-01

386

Iranian undergraduate nursing student perceptions of informal learning: A qualitative research  

PubMed Central

Background: Nursing education is both formal and informal. Formal education represents only a small part of all the learning involved; and many students learn more effectively through informal processes. There is little information about nursing student informal education and how it affects their character and practice. Materials and Methods: This qualitative study explores undergraduate nursing student perceptions of informal learning during nursing studies. Data were gathered through semi-structured interviews with a sample of undergraduate nursing students (n = 14). Strauss and Corbin’s constant comparison analysis approach was used for data analysis. Results: The categories that emerged included personal maturity and emotional development, social development, closeness to God, alterations in value systems, and ethical and professional commitment. Conclusion: Findings reveal that nursing education could take advantage of informal learning opportunities to develop students’ nontechnical skills and produce more competent students. Implications for nursing education are discussed. PMID:23922595

Seylani, Khatereh; Negarandeh, Reza; Mohammadi, Easa

2012-01-01

387

Transforming Catholic Education through Research: The American Educational Research Association Catholic Education Special Interest Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Catholic schools in the United States and abroad face numerous financial, cultural, and structural challenges due to contemporary education policies and economic trends. Within this climate, research about Catholic education is often conducted and leveraged in efforts to serve schools' most immediate needs. To be certain, research aimed at…

Martin, Shane

2014-01-01

388

Students' experiences and perceived benefits of a sex education curriculum: a qualitative analysis.  

PubMed

A qualitative evaluation explored the experiences and perceived benefits of students who participated in an abstinence-plus sex education program at enrollment and conclusion. The sample included 1130 inner-city high school students, 73.7% of whom were Hispanic. Thematic analysis was used to identify main themes in responses made by students to 3 open-ended questions. The most common preparticipation request was for information about sexually transmitted infections. At program conclusion, the most common response theme involved the quality of course delivery. Students indicated that they appreciated the facilitators who allowed open conversations. The implications of these findings to sex education programs are discussed. PMID:21707329

Smith, Peggy B; Realini, Janet P; Buzi, Ruth S; Martinez, Mario

2011-01-01

389

Quality of outpatient clinical notes: a stakeholder definition derived through qualitative research  

PubMed Central

Background There are no empirically-grounded criteria or tools to define or benchmark the quality of outpatient clinical documentation. Outpatient clinical notes document care, communicate treatment plans and support patient safety, medical education, medico-legal investigations and reimbursement. Accurately describing and assessing quality of clinical documentation is a necessary improvement in an increasingly team-based healthcare delivery system. In this paper we describe the quality of outpatient clinical notes from the perspective of multiple stakeholders. Methods Using purposeful sampling for maximum diversity, we conducted focus groups and individual interviews with clinicians, nursing and ancillary staff, patients, and healthcare administrators at six federal health care facilities between 2009 and 2011. All sessions were audio-recorded, transcribed and qualitatively analyzed using open, axial and selective coding. Results The 163 participants included 61 clinicians, 52 nurse/ancillary staff, 31 patients and 19 administrative staff. Three organizing themes emerged: 1) characteristics of quality in clinical notes, 2) desired elements within the clinical notes and 3) system supports to improve the quality of clinical notes. We identified 11 codes to describe characteristics of clinical notes, 20 codes to describe desired elements in quality clinical notes and 11 codes to describe clinical system elements that support quality when writing clinical notes. While there was substantial overlap between the aspects of quality described by the four stakeholder groups, only clinicians and administrators identified ease of translation into billing codes as an important characteristic of a quality note. Only patients rated prioritization of their medical problems as an aspect of quality. Nurses included care and education delivered to the patient, information added by the patient, interdisciplinary information, and infection alerts as important content. Conclusions Perspectives of these four stakeholder groups provide a comprehensive description of quality in outpatient clinical documentation. The resulting description of characteristics and content necessary for quality notes provides a research-based foundation for assessing the quality of clinical documentation in outpatient health care settings. PMID:23164470

2012-01-01

390

When Education Research Matters. Education Outlook, No. 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The tangled relationship between education research and policy has received little serious scrutiny, even as paeans to "scientifically based research" and "evidence-based practice" have become a staple of education policymaking in recent years. For all the attention devoted to the five-year-old Institute of Education Sciences, to No Child Left…

Hess, Frederick M.

2008-01-01

391

Reaching the parts other methods cannot reach: an introduction to qualitative methods in health and health services research.  

PubMed Central

Qualitative research methods have a long history in the social sciences and deserve to be an essential component in health and health services research. Qualitative and quantitative approaches to research tend to be portrayed as antithetical; the aim of this series of papers is to show the value of a range of qualitative techniques and how they can complement quantitative research. Images p45-a PMID:7613329

Pope, C.; Mays, N.

1995-01-01

392

Research in Engineering Education: An Overview.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a literature review of research in engineering education. The major national studies of the twentieth centry are reviewed. The focus of current research is examined. Present research into four areas (students, faculty, curriculum and instruction, and systems) is classified. The importance of engineering educators utilizing research is…

LeBold, William K.

1980-01-01

393

MICHIGAN SUGARBEET Research & Education Advisory Council  

E-print Network

for the Michigan/Ontario sugarbeet researchers and assemble and distribute research/agronomy information research/agronomy information. Cooperative educational efforts will be conducted with the goal of improving and assemble and distribute research/agronomy information. Cooperative educational efforts will be conducted

394

Distance Education in Iowa: A Research Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Iowa Communications Network (ICN), a statewide full-motion interactive fiber-optic network for distance education, is nearing completion. Few innovations have had the potential impact of the ICN. This paper describes distance education in Iowa, the ICN, the Iowa Distance Education Alliance, the distance-education research plan underway in…

Simonson, Michael R.; Smaldino, Sharon

395

Research education: findings of a study of teaching-learning research using multiple analytical perspectives.  

PubMed

This multimethod, qualitative study provides results for educators of nursing doctoral students to consider. Combining the expertise of an empirical analytical researcher (who uses statistical methods) and an interpretive phenomenological researcher (who uses hermeneutic methods), a course was designed that would place doctoral students in the midst of multiparadigmatic discussions while learning fundamental research methods. Field notes and iterative analytical discussions led to patterns and themes that highlight the value of this innovative pedagogical application. Using content analysis and interpretive phenomenological approaches, together with one of the students, data were analyzed from field notes recorded in real time over the period the course was offered. This article describes the course and the study analysis, and offers the pedagogical experience as transformative. A link to a sample syllabus is included in the article. The results encourage nurse educators of doctoral nursing students to focus educational practice on multiple methodological perspectives. [J Nurs Educ. 2014;53(12):673-677.]. PMID:25406843

Vandermause, Roxanne; Barbosa-Leiker, Celestina; Fritz, Roschelle

2014-12-01

396

Deciphering Attempts To Decipher Postmodern Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Deciphers calls for clarity surrounding postmodern theory in education, examining Constas' 1998 article, "Deciphering Postmodern Educational Research." Highlights three problems with Constas' attempts to decipher postmodernism: attempts to enlighten postmodernism, lack of attention to the body of work on postmodernism and educational research, and…

Pillow, Wanda S.

2000-01-01

397

Researching Early Childhood Education: European Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when crucial questions concerning the nature of early childhood and early childhood education are being increasingly examined worldwide, an exploration of the issues, priorities, and methodologies of research in early childhood education may provide valuable material for debate. This book focuses on research in early childhood education

David, Tricia, Ed.

398

Higher Education Research Institutes in Chinese Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Initially emerged in 1978, higher education research institutes (HERIs) in Mainland China have experienced rapid expansion and have become a major force in higher education reform in the last three decades. The development of these research institutes is closely related to the substantive growth of the higher education system itself as well as…

Wang, Qi; Liu, Nian Cai

2014-01-01

399

An Introduction to Physics Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article aims to introduce the reader to the field of Physics Education Research (PER). Topics include the difference between Physics Education Research and Physics Education/curriculum development, a brief history of PER in the US, and some of the research traditions within PER (current types of PER, types of questions asked, research methods used, etc.). By necessity, many important aspects of the field have been omitted in an effort to produce a short, readable overview.

Beichner, Robert J.

2009-04-11

400

Research 2.0: A Framework for Qualitative and Quantitative Research in Web 2.0 Environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper explores the potential of the Web 2.0 environment for conducting both qualitative and quantitative research. The paper analyzes the emerging Research 2.0 domain using the theoretical framework of Web 2.0 core principles (e.g., web as a platform, harnessing collective intelligence, etc.). These principles, first proposed by Tim O'Reilly, provide a useful lens through which researchers can examine the

Dinesh Rathi; Lisa M. Given

2010-01-01

401

Understanding Suicidal Behaviour in Young People Referred to Specialist CAMHS: A Qualitative Psychoanalytic Clinical Research Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative psychoanalytic clinical research project using a post-Kleinian contemporary approach was undertaken by a team of seven qualified and experienced child psychotherapists working in community Tier 3 Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). A number of referred young people who deliberately harmed themselves or attempted…

Anderson, Jan; Hurst, Margaret; Marques, Ana; Millar, David; Moya, Sue; Pover, Lesley; Stewart, Sue

2012-01-01

402

A common base for quality control criteria in quantitative and qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the social sciences, several scientific paradigms are mutually isolated owing to their use of specific sets of methodological criteria and quality control procedures. In this article, the central hypothesis, to be tested by conceptual analysis and logical reasoning, is that recommended procedures for quality control in quantitative as well as qualitative research can be derived from a common base

Peter G. Swanborn

1996-01-01

403

Narratives as Zones of Dialogic Constructions: A Bakhtinian Approach to Data in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Narratives have become increasingly important in the field of applied linguistics, as recent publications have illustrated, yet narrative analysis could still be considered undertheorized. This article outlines a specific, dialogical approach to the narrative analysis of data in qualitative research. Building on Bakhtin's notion of dialogue,…

Vitanova, Gergana

2013-01-01

404

A Qualitative Action Research Project Documenting Student Perceptions of the Effects of Visual Culture on Identity  

Microsoft Academic Search

I have conducted a qualitative action research project focusing on student perceptions of the impact of visual culture on teens including popular media. Students especially in high schools are bombarded with visual imagery through various technology sources. While working with high school juniors and seniors I noticed a rise in teen pregnancy and sexual confusion among this population. I wondered

Jessica M. Miccichi

2011-01-01

405

Diverse Ways to Fore-Ground Methodological Insights about Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Texts and articles that put epistemological theories and methodologies to work in the context of qualitative research can stimulate scholarship in various ways such as through methodological innovations, transferability of theories and methods, interdisciplinarity, and transformative reflections across traditions and frameworks. Such…

Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka; Mazzei, Lisa A.; Ceglowski, Deborah

2013-01-01

406

Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing among Five Approaches [with CD-ROM]. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This new version explores the philosophical underpinnings, history, and key elements of each of five qualitative inquiry approaches: narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography, and case study. Using an accessible and engaging writing style, the author compares theoretical frameworks, ways to employ standards of quality, and…

Creswell, John W.

2006-01-01

407

Teaching Qualitative Research for Human Services Students: A Three-Phase Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research is an inherent part of the human services profession, since it emphasizes the great and multifaceted complexity characterizing human experience and the sociocultural context in which humans act. In the department of human services at Emek Yezreel College, Israel, we have developed a three-phase model to ensure a relatively…

Goussinsky, Ruhama; Reshef, Arie; Yanay-Ventura, Galit; Yassour-Borochowitz, Dalit

2011-01-01

408

Quantitative and Qualitative Research can Complement Each Other: Reply to Rennie  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rennie's (1996) commentary on our two papers (Gershefski, Arnkoff, Glass, & Elkin, 1996; Levy, Glass, Arnkoff, Gershefski, & Elkin, 1996) discusses the strengths of qualitative research. In this reply, we present the strengths of the quantitative approach we took, including the advantages that result from testing hypotheses and from placing priority on explicit statement of method, internal validity, and generalizability.

Diane Arnkoff; Carol Glass; Irene Elkin; James Levy; John Gershefski

1996-01-01

409

Sampling Designs in Qualitative Research: Making the Sampling Process More Public  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to provide a typology of sampling designs for qualitative researchers. We introduce the following sampling strategies: (a) parallel sampling designs, which represent a body of sampling strategies that facilitate credible comparisons of two or more different subgroups that are extracted from the same levels of study;…

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Leech, Nancy L.

2007-01-01

410

Brief Note on the Origins, Evolution, and Meaning of the Qualitative Research Concept "Thick Description"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The origins, cross-disciplinary evolution, and definition of "thick description" are reviewed. Despite its frequent use in the qualitative literature, the concept of "thick description" is often confusing to researchers at all levels. The roots of this confusion are explored and examples of "thick description" are provided. The article closes with…

Ponterotto, Joseph G.

2006-01-01

411

Comparison of Quantitative and Qualitative Research Traditions: Epistemological, Theoretical, and Methodological Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been much discussion about quantitative and qualitative approaches to research in different disciplines. In the behavioural and social sciences, these two paradigms are compared to reveal their relative strengths and weaknesses. But the debate about both traditions has commonly taken place in academic books. It is hard to find an article…

Yilmaz, Kaya

2013-01-01

412

Productivity and Academic Assessment in Brazil: Challenges for Qualitative Health Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the challenges to the qualitative health research approach, under the regime of productivity that rules current academic evaluation in many countries. The analysis considers aspects common to several contexts, illustrating the discussion with the Brazilian context and, more specifically, within the dynamics of the collective…

Bosi, Maria Lucia Magalhaes

2012-01-01

413

Using Qualitative Research to Assess Teaching and Learning in Technology-Infused TILE Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter describes the results of an assessment project whose purpose was to improve the faculty-development program for instructors who teach in technology-infused TILE (Transform, Interact, Learn, Engage) classrooms at the University of Iowa. Qualitative research methods were critical for (1) learning about how students and instructors…

Van Horne, Sam; Murniati, Cecilia Titiek; Saichaie, Kem; Jesse, Maggie; Florman, Jean C.; Ingram, Beth F.

2014-01-01

414

Undergraduate Science Education: A Review of Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a bibliographical review of research on undergraduate science education that involves a broad evaluation of the literature that defines the field. Discusses definitions of science education. Contains 306 references. (DDR)

Laws, Peter M.

1996-01-01

415

Scientific Research in Education: A Socratic Dialogue  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Socrates and Admetus discuss the value of scientific research in education. They conclude that although RCTs have their place, they are not a panacea for education, and that the push for them by NCLB is not warranted.

Boody, Robert M.

2011-01-01

416

Educational Research and Evidence-based Policy: The Mixed-method Approach of the EPPE Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a review of the challenges to progress in providing social research evidence that might usefully inform policy, Oakley (2004) argues strongly that the ‘paradigm divide’ between qualitative and quantitative research communities continues to constitute a major problem. Oakley refers to a number of recent critiques of what is seen as ‘misplaced positivism’ in educational research and Hammersley (1997, 2005)

I. Siraj-Blatchford; P. Sammons; B. Taggart; K. Sylva; E. Melhuish

2006-01-01

417

Bridging the Gap between Theory and Practice in Educational Research: Methods at the Margins  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides new ways of thinking about educational processes, using quantitative and qualitative methodologies. Concrete examples of research techniques are provided for those conducting research with marginalized populations or about marginalized ideas. This volume asserts theoretical models related to research methods and the study of…

Winkle-Wagner, Rachelle, Ed.; Hunter, Cheryl A., Ed.; Ortloff, Debora Hinderliter, Ed.

2009-01-01

418

Community-based participatory research and the challenges of qualitative analysis enacted by lay, nurse, and academic researchers.  

PubMed

There are multiple challenges in adhering to the principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR), especially when there is a wide range of academic preparation within the research team. This is particularly evident in the analysis phase of qualitative research. We describe the process of conducting qualitative analysis of data on community perceptions of public maternity care in the Dominican Republic, in a cross-cultural, CBPR study. Analysis advanced through a process of experiential and conversational learning. Community involvement in analysis provided lay researchers an imperative for improvements in maternity care, nurses a new perspective about humanized care, and academic researchers a deeper understanding of how to create the conditions to enable conversational learning. PMID:22911059

Foster, Jennifer W; Chiang, Fidela; Burgos, Rosa I; Cáceres, Ramona E; Tejada, Carmen M; Almonte, Asela T; Noboa, Frank R M; Perez, Lidia J; Urbaez, Marilín F; Heath, Annemarie

2012-10-01

419

Research Considerations in Ethical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author purports the need to treat moral education as a serious academic subject and suggests ways educators can manage it in an intellectually defensible way. Ethical education must avoid indoctrination, yet it should not be a mere training in philosophical ethics. The domain of moral education should include four partially interdependent…

Hogan, Robert

420

Improving undergraduate medical education about pain assessment and management: A qualitative descriptive study of stakeholders' perceptions  

PubMed Central

BACKGROUND Pain is one of the most common reasons for individuals to seek medical advice, yet it remains poorly managed. One of the main reasons that poor pain management persists is the lack of adequate knowledge and skills of practicing clinicians, which stems from a perceived lack of pain education during the training of undergraduate medical students. OBJECTIVE: To identify gaps in knowledge with respect to pain management as perceived by students, patients and educators. METHODS: A qualitative descriptive study was conducted. Data were generated through six focus groups with second- and fourth-year medical students, four focus groups with patients and individual semistructured interviews with nine educators. All interviews were audiotaped and an inductive thematic analysis was performed. RESULTS: A total of 70 individuals participated in the present study. Five main themes were identified: assessment of physical and psychosocial aspects of pain; clinical management of pain with pharmacology and alternative therapies; communication and the development of a good therapeutic relationship; ethical considerations surrounding pain; and institutional context of medical education about pain. CONCLUSION: Participating patients, students and pain experts recognized a need for additional medical education about pain assessment and management. Educational approaches need to teach students to gather appropriate information about pain, to acquire knowledge of a broad spectrum of therapeutic options, to develop a mutual, trusting relationship with patients and to become aware of their own biases and prejudice toward patients with pain. The results of the present study should be used to develop and enhance existing pain curricula content. PMID:23985579

Tellier, Pierre-Paul; Belanger, Emmanuelle; Rodriguez, Charo; Ware, Mark A; Posel, Nancy

2013-01-01

421

A Mixed Methods Content Analysis of the Research Literature in Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years, more and more researchers in science education have been turning to the practice of combining qualitative and quantitative methods in the same study. This approach of using mixed methods creates possibilities to study the various issues that science educators encounter in more depth. In this content analysis, I evaluated 18…

Schram, Asta B.

2014-01-01

422

A Qualitative Exploration of a New Concept in Support of Good Educational Leadership--Emotional Intelligence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a shift in the conceptualization of leadership and needed leadership skills in education within today's society. Models that were previously used to aid in the development and understanding of leadership roles may not be appropriate given the current climate within education. However, new concepts based largely on research are…

Potter, George

2011-01-01

423

Students' Perceptions towards the Quality of Online Education: A Qualitative Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How to ensure the quality of online learning in institutions of higher education has been a growing concern during the past several years. While several studies have focused on the perceptions of faculty and administrators, there has been a paucity of research conducted on students? perceptions toward the quality of online education. This study…

Yang, Yi; Cornelius, Linda F.

2004-01-01

424

Practitioner Researchers in Vocational Education and Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports on a study examining the issues facing vocational education and training (VET) practitioners who aspire to undertake formal research and move towards publishing their research. Research participants were drawn from attendees at a publishing workshop that was mounted at the 2008 conference of the Australian Vocational Education

Holden, Rick; Smith, Erica

2009-01-01

425

THE IMPENDING RESEARCH EXPLOSION AND EDUCATIONAL PRACTICE.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE RAPID EXPANSION OF EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH HAS BEEN ACCOMPANIED BY THE FEELING THAT A CONNECTIVE LINK MUST BE ESTABLISHED BETWEEN THE AREAS OF RESEARCH AND EDUCATIONAL PRACTICE. THE INCREASED AVAILABILITY OF RESEARCH FUNDS NECESSITATES REFORMULATION AND CONCEPTUALIZATION OF SUITABLE MECHANISMS AND AGENCIES CAPABLE OF BRIDGING THE GAP BETWEEN…

GUBA, EGON G.

426

Mapping Music Education Research in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 25 years there has been an increasing and worldwide research interest in music education, embracing a range of disciplines and perspectives. As well as particular research foci on the nature of curricula, musical behaviour and development, new research literatures have been developed that link music education with ethnomusicology,…

Welch, Graham; Hallam, Susan; Lamont, Alexandra; Swanwick, Keith; Green, Lucy; Hennessy, Sarah; Cox, Gordon; O'Neill, Susan; Farrell, Gerry

2004-01-01

427

Scientific Communication in Educational Research. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A series of studies concerned with the dissemination and assimilation of material contained in journal articles in educational research were conducted. These studies dealt with authors of the articles and other educational researchers conducting research in the same subject matter areas as the articles. The dissemination process was found to be…

Nelson, Carnot E.

428

Research Projects Scheme in Distance Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guidebook is intended to help researchers apply for funds for research projects in distance education through the Distance Education Council of Indira Gandhi National Open University (India). The stated intent of this guidebook is to encourage system-based research; to promote in-depth studies to evaluation programs, their impact, and their…

Rausaria, R. R., Ed.; Bhushan, Bharat, Ed.; Lele, N. A., Ed.

429

Educational Research and the 'Bermuda Triangle.'  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In answer to the suggestion that policymakers, researchers, and teachers unanimously agree that research is hardly taken into account by its potential users, the author provides an overview of educational research in Western Europe. Projects involve disciplines, history of education, and curriculum. (KC)

Halls, W. D.

1983-01-01

430

Proteus Rising: Re-Imagining Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The idea that educational research should be "scientific", and ideally based on randomised control trials, is in danger of becoming hegemonic. In the face of this it seems important to ask what other kinds of educational research can be respectable in their own different terms. We might also note that the demand for research to be "scientific" is…

Smith, Richard

2008-01-01

431

Trends in Career and Technical Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this literature review was to identify current trends and issues in research focusing on career and technical education (CTE). The primary sources of literature for this review included all research articles published in three refereed scholarly journals--"Career and Technical Education Research," "Journal of Career and Technical…

Rojewski, Jay W.; Asunda, Paul; Kim, Soo Jung

2008-01-01

432

ADVOCACY EDUCATION RESEARCH STEPHANIE ABBUHL, MD  

E-print Network

medicine · To promote education and research in women's health BRIEF HISTORY OF ORGANIZATION In 1994, FOCUS the quantity, quality, and visibility of research pertaining to women's health. In 1997, with generous support of advancing the careers of women in academic medicine and promoting education and research in women's health

Bushman, Frederic

433

Issues in Education Research: Problems and Possibilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume provides an overview of the tensions, dilemmas, issues, and possibilities that characterize educational research. The contributions of more than 20 researchers examine the state of educational research, its future directions, and some of the major trends that have affected the field. The contributions are: (1) "An Auspicious Moment for…

Lagemann, Ellen Condliffe, Ed.; Shulman, Lee S., Ed.

434

Advances in Education Research. Volume 2, 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Advances in Education Research" reprints previously published journal articles reporting on research supported in whole or in part by the Office of Educational Research and Improvement (OERI). The articles are selected from peer-reviewed/referred journals; the journals used are described briefy at the end of the volume. The articles in this…

Advances in Education Research, 1997

1997-01-01

435

A Philosophical, Qualitative, and Quantitative Examination of Transformational Leadership in Secondary Agricultural Education  

E-print Network

Leadership has been a foundational component of secondary agricultural education and teachers are recognized as the program leader; furthermore, agriculture teachers are expected to develop leadership in their students. However, research examining...

Hall, Johnathan Lewis

2011-08-08

436

Female adolescents' experiences and perceptions regarding sexual health education in Iranian schools: A qualitative content analysis  

PubMed Central

Background: Despite so many unmet sexual health education (SHE) needs of adolescents, socio-cultural challenges have caused this issue to be ignored in different scoieties. This study investigated Iranian female adolescents’ experiences and perceptions with respect to SHE that they received at schools, and what they really needed, expected, and preferred. Materials and Methods: In this qualitative study, seven focus group discussions (44 adolescents) and 13 individual in-depth interviews were conducted among female adolescents aged 14-18 in Mashhad and Ahvaz, Iran, to explore adolescents’ experiences and perceptions towards SHE in Iranian schools. Data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results: Analyzing adolescents’ perspectives and experiences revealed their great dissatisfaction with SHE in schools. Emerged categories included: lack of obligation and priority for SHE, sexual reticence and evading, making adolescents frightened of sexual issues, inconsistency of SHE with adolescents’ needs, unqualified educators, and lack of appropriate educational materials. Conclusion: This study found some similarities between expectations of Iranian adolescents and those of adolescents from other cultures about an SHE program. Adolescents showed great abilities to appraise health services delivered for them, and so any program for sexual health promotion in adolescents ought to address adolescents’ needs, demands, and aspirations. Their contribution can provide insights for tailoring SHE programs for adolescents. PMID:23922603

Javadnoori, Mojgan; Roudsari, Robab Latifnejad; Hasanpour, Marzieh; Hazavehei, Seyyed Mohammad Mehdi; Taghipour, Ali

2012-01-01

437

Fusion plasma research and education in Japan  

SciTech Connect

Japanese fusion plasma research and education is reviewed by focusing on the activities promoted by the Ministry of Education, Science, Culture, and Sports (MOE). University fusion research is pursued by the academic interest and student education. A hierarchical structure of budget and manpower arrangement is observed. The small research groups of universities play the role of recruiting young students into the fusion and plasma society. After graduating the master course, most students are engaged by industries.

Inoue, N. [Univ. of Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Engineering

1995-12-31

438

Exploring health researchers' perceptions of policymaking in Argentina: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Much of the published research on evidence-informed health policymaking in low- and middle-income countries has focused on policymakers, overlooking the role of health researchers in the research-to-policy process. Through 20 semi-structured, in-depth qualitative interviews conducted with researchers in Argentina’s rural northwest and the capital of Buenos Aires, we explore the perspectives, experiences and attitudes of Argentine health researchers regarding the use and impact of health research in policymaking in Argentina. We find that the researcher, and the researcher’s function of generating evidence, is nested within a broader complex system that influences the researcher’s interaction with policymaking. This system comprises communities of practice, government departments/civil society organizations, bureaucratic processes and political governance and executive leadership. At the individual level, researcher capacity and determinants of research availability also play a role in contributing to evidence-informed policymaking. In addition, we find a recurrent theme around ‘lack of trust’ and explore the role of trust within a research system, finding that researchers’ distrust towards policymakers and even other researchers are linked inextricably to the sociopolitical history of Argentina, which contributes to shaping researchers’ identities in opposition to policymakers. For policymakers, national research councils and funders of national health research systems, this article provides a deeper understanding of researchers’ perceptions which can help inform and improve programme design when developing interventions to enhance research utilization and develop equitable and rational health policies. For donors and development agencies interested in health research capacity building and achieving development goals, this research demonstrates a need for investment in building research capacity and training health researchers to interact with the public policy ‘world’ and enhancing research communications and transferability to decision makers. It also highlights an opportunity to invest in implementation research platforms, such as health policy research and analysis institutions. PMID:25274639

Corluka, Adrijana; Hyder, Adnan A; Winch, Peter J; Segura, Elsa

2014-01-01

439

Education and Education Research: Moribund Fields or Dynamic Interacting Systems?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The complex field of education is often depicted as a static field governed by technocratic approaches to activities that characterise the field. Education change is equally viewed in such limited and positivistic ways and linear means-end processes (Hoban 2002). In such orientations to the field, educational research therefore, is about finding…

Reddy, C.

2011-01-01

440

Shifting the focus from quantitative to qualitative exercise characteristics in exercise and cognition research.  

PubMed

In exercise and cognition research, few studies have investigated whether and how the qualitative aspects of physical exercise may impact cognitive performance in the short or long term. This commentary, after recalling the evidence on the "dose-response" relationship, shifts the focus to intersections between different research areas that are proposed to shed light on how qualitative exercise characteristics can be used to obtain cognitive benefits. As concerns the acute exercise area, this commentary highlights the applied relevance of developmental and aging studies investigating the effects of exercise bouts differing in movement task complexity and cognitive demands. As regards the chronic exercise area, potential links to research on cognitive expertise in sport, functional ability in aging, and life skills training during development are discussed. "Gross-motor cognitive training" is proposed as a key concept with relevant implications for intervention strategies in childhood and older adulthood. PMID:23204358

Pesce, Caterina

2012-12-01

441

Exploring health researchers' perceptions of policymaking in Argentina: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Much of the published research on evidence-informed health policymaking in low- and middle-income countries has focused on policymakers, overlooking the role of health researchers in the research-to-policy process. Through 20 semi-structured, in-depth qualitative interviews conducted with researchers in Argentina's rural northwest and the capital of Buenos Aires, we explore the perspectives, experiences and attitudes of Argentine health researchers regarding the use and impact of health research in policymaking in Argentina. We find that the researcher, and the researcher's function of generating evidence, is nested within a broader complex system that influences the researcher's interaction with policymaking. This system comprises communities of practice, government departments/civil society organizations, bureaucratic processes and political governance and executive leadership. At the individual level, researcher capacity and determinants of research availability also play a role in contributing to evidence-informed policymaking. In addition, we find a recurrent theme around 'lack of trust' and explore the role of trust within a research system, finding that researchers' distrust towards policymakers and even other researchers are linked inextricably to the sociopolitical history of Argentina, which contributes to shaping researchers' identities in opposition to policymakers. For policymakers, national research councils and funders of national health research systems, this article provides a deeper understanding of researchers' perceptions which can help inform and improve programme design when developing interventions to enhance research utilization and develop equitable and rational health policies. For donors and development agencies interested in health research capacity building and achieving development goals, this research demonstrates a need for investment in building research capacity and training health researchers to interact with the public policy 'world' and enhancing research communications and transferability to decision makers. It also highlights an opportunity to invest in implementation research platforms, such as health policy research and analysis institutions. PMID:25274639

Corluka, Adrijana; Hyder, Adnan A; Winch, Peter J; Segura, Elsa

2014-09-01

442

ADVANCING THE STUDY OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN USING MIXED METHODS: INTEGRATING QUALITATIVE METHODS INTO A QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM  

PubMed Central

A mixed methods approach, combining quantitative with qualitative data methods and analysis, offers a promising means of advancing the study of violence. Integrating semi-structured interviews and qualitative analysis into a quantitative program of research on women’s sexual victimization has resulted in valuable scientific insight and generation of novel hypotheses for testing. This mixed methods approach is described and recommendations for integrating qualitative data into quantitative research are provided. PMID:21307032

Testa, Maria; Livingston, Jennifer A.; VanZile-Tamsen, Carol

2011-01-01

443

Education and Poverty in Affluent Countries. Routledge Research in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the first time, researchers, policymakers and practitioners across the world will have access to a comprehensive mapping of research evidence and policy strategies about education and poverty in affluent countries. Although there is widespread agreement that poverty and poor educational outcomes are related, there are competing explanations as…

Raffo, Carlo, Ed.; Dyson, Alan, Ed.; Gunter, Helen, Ed.; Hall, Dave, Ed.; Jones, Lisa, Ed.; Kalambouka, Afroditi, Ed.

2011-01-01

444

Mediterranean Journal for Research in Mathematics Education  

E-print Network

mathematics gifted education need a working philosophy of creativity? VIKTOR FREIMAN: Université de Moncton views and approaches to creativity with emphasis on their links with mathematics. Educational and socialMediterranean Journal for Research in Mathematics Education Vol. 6, 1& 2, 23 - 46, 2007 Does

Sriraman, Bharath

445

Utah Character Education Action Research Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet contains a synopsis of eight action research projects undertaken by educators from various Utah public schools presented at a series of workshops. Twenty-seven educators representing 19 schools, 9 school districts, and the Utah State Office of Education (USOE) attended the series of 4 full-day workshops held during October, February,…

Utah State Office of Education, Salt Lake City.

446

SURC: Educational Policy Research Center at Syracuse.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents an introduction to the aims, methods, and activities of the Educational Policy Research Center at Syracuse which was established in 1968 under Title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The essential purpose of the Center is to contribute to the development of a capability for assessing educational policy…

Syracuse Univ. Research Corp., NY.

447

Emergent pedagogies in design research education  

E-print Network

Recent demand for applied knowledge within architectural practice has resulted in the proliferation of university based research groups. Given the role advanced degree programs play in educating architectural researchers, ...

Press, Joseph

1997-01-01

448

A Research on Identifying the Need for Distance Education for National Athletes Who Study in School of Physical Education and Sport  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify the problems which national athletes, who study in School of Physical Education and Sport in universities, encounter in formal education and to determine their need for distance learning. Qualitative research, which is one the techniques of researching the method of the study, forms a structured…

Bozkus, Taner

2014-01-01

449

"I Tell You, It's a Journey, Isn't It?" Understanding Collaborative Meaning Making in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While collaboration is common in qualitative inquiry, few studies examine the collaborative process in detail. In our study, we adopt an interpretive, reflexive stance to explore our process as a collaborative qualitative research team. We analyzed transcripts of eight research meetings for aspects and assumptions underlying our collaboration.…

Paulus, Trena M.; Woodside, Marianne; Ziegler, Mary F.

2010-01-01

450

The Influence of Power Shifts in Data Collection and Analysis Stages: A Focus on Qualitative Research Interview  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper analyzes the power relation between the interviewer and the interviewee in the qualitative research interview methodology. The paper sets out to grapple with the extent to which the dynamisms in power shifts influence data collection and analysis in the interview methodology. The exploration of power shifts in the qualitative research

Anyan, Frederick

2013-01-01

451

It Depends on How You Look at It: Trends in Research in Adult Education in the Department of Adult Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Faculty vitae and student theses in the Department of Adult Education at the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education were examined to identify the state of research. Faculty and student research interests differed. The department had a strong orientation to social rather than economic issues and to interpretive, qualitative research methods.…

Burnaby, Barbara

1995-01-01

452

Research Initiatives in Citizenship Education. Research in Focus.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Citizenship Education Research Network, a group of Canadian researchers, decision makers, and practitioners, is committed to the development of educational policy and practice concerning the relationship between common values and the stability of society; the impact of citizen participation upon social cohesion; and the relationship between…

Hebert, Yvonne; Page, Michel

2000-01-01

453

75 FR 5771 - Institute of Education Sciences; Overview Information; Education Research and Special Education...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Providers. Special Education Policy, Finance, and Systems. Autism Spectrum Disorders. Special Education Research Training... School-Based Interventions for Secondary Students with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Program Authority:...

2010-02-04

454

Analyzing Change in Longitudinal Qualitative Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines inquiry-based methods for analyzing longitudinal qualitative data to assess participant changes in three long-term theater education studies. Encourages qualitative researchers in drama and theatre education to devote more extended periods of time to systematically observing young people or adult practitioners experiencing the art form.…

Saldana, Johnny

2002-01-01

455

Education Research and Reform: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of governments in the operation of education research and development systems is under critical scrutiny throughout the developed world. The introductory chapter presents the main themes of a seminar held in 1992 and outlines challenges for further work. The next 10 chapters focus on education research and development issues: (1)…

Tomlinson, Tommy M., Ed.; Tuijnman, Albert C., Ed.

456

Educational Research in Europe. Yearbook 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first Yearbook of the European Educational Research Association (EERA) is based on a selection of texts presented at the EERA annual meeting in 1999, which took place in Lahti, Finland. It is intended to be part of the development of a European conversation about educational research. The chapters of part 1, Teaching and Teachers, are: (1)…

Day, Christopher W., Ed.; van Veen, Dolf, Ed.

457

Power Analysis Software for Educational Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the importance of statistical power analysis in quantitative research and the repeated emphasis on it by American Educational Research Association/American Psychological Association journals, the authors examined the reporting practice of power analysis by the quantitative studies published in 12 education/psychology journals between 2005…

Peng, Chao-Ying Joanne; Long, Haiying; Abaci, Serdar

2012-01-01

458

Research in Technical Education: A Publication Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory contains a comprehensive listing of publications that may be appropriate for publication of academic research in technical education. Both research-based and trade publications related to technical education were used as bases for the guide, along with additional information about special interest publications. Complete synopses of…

Kolcz, Matt

459

Evidence-Based Research in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This educational newsletter highlights a lead article, "Evidence-Based Research in Education." The article explains that evidence-based research emerged in the field of medicine over 50 years ago, resulting in major advances in the treatment and prevention of disease. It adds that clinical guidelines and protocols are based on the results of…

Research Exchange, 2003

2003-01-01

460

Power Analysis Software for Educational Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given the importance of statistical power analysis in quantitative research and the repeated emphasis on it by American Educational Research Association\\/American Psychological Association journals, the authors examined the reporting practice of power analysis by the quantitative studies published in 12 education\\/psychology journals between 2005 and 2010. It was surprising to uncover that less than 2% of the studies conducted prospective

Chao-Ying Joanne Peng; Haiying Long; Serdar Abaci

2012-01-01

461

Empire: An Analytical Category for Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article Roland Sintos Coloma argues for the relevance of empire as an analytical category in educational research. He points out the silence in mainstream studies of education on the subject of empire, the various interpretive approaches to deploying empire as an analytic, and the importance of indigeneity in research on empire and…

Coloma, Roland Sintos

2013-01-01

462

Ethical Approval for Research in Physiology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this article is to reflect on the contemporary ethical standards that should be applied to the publication of physiology education research. As teachers, we are all education researchers to some degree but our appreciation of when and how regulatory requirements apply to our work is variable. A significant number of articles in…

Kibble, Jonathan D.

2009-01-01

463

Levels of Analysis in Higher Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the levels of analysis adopted in higher education research, using a database of 567 articles published in 15 leading higher education journals internationally during 2010. Level of analysis is a relatively overlooked issue in this field of research, when compared with methodology, theory and/or topic--to which it is, of…

Tight, Malcolm

2012-01-01

464

Educational Research Budget Cuts in the Netherlands.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The national budget for educational research in the Netherlands has been cut by one-third. Consequences of this budget cut, including the dissolution of the Foundation for Educational Research and the destruction of the scientific infrastructure that has been built up since 1965, are discussed. (RM)

Western European Education, 1985

1985-01-01

465

Financial Literacy and Education Research Priorities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-nine scholars from public and private universities, non-profit organizations, and the federal government participated in a National Research Symposium on Financial Literacy and Education in October 2008 in Washington, DC. The purpose was to identify critical research questions that could inform outcomes-based financial education, relevant…

Schuchardt, Jane; Hanna, Sherman D.; Hira, Tahira K.; Lyons, Angela C.; Palmer, Lance; Xiao, Jing Jian

2009-01-01

466

The Netherlands: Educational Research at a Crossroads.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The managing director of The Netherlands' National Foundation for Educational Research (Stichting Voor Onderzoek van het Onderwijs, or SVO) delineates the SVO's role in promoting educational research and describes the conditions affecting the SVO's effectiveness in pursuing its mission. Among the factors considered are financial constraints,…

van Seventer, Chris

467

AMEE 2009 spotlight on educational research.  

PubMed

The AMEE meeting is unique among the medical education conferences in that it is truly international. Educational research presented at the 2009 AMEE Meeting was both diverse and robust. In this article, we will present an overview of educational research from the meeting. We will begin with outlining our methods for the selection and categorization of themes, discuss some highpoints from some of the respective themes, and finally from the conference overall. PMID:20353332

Durning, S J; Elnicki, M E; Gruppen, L; Torre, D; Hemmer, P A

2010-01-01

468

Issues of Conducting Qualitative Research in an Inner-City Community  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes and critiques the use of a combined qualitative and quantitative research methodology to investigate the impact of the verdict and subsequent civil disturbances in the Rodney King police brutality case upon Black youth, ages 15-3Q, in South Central Los Angeles. The study conducted in 1993-1994, focused on the attitudes and experiences of these youth in four institutional

Jewelle Taylor Gibbs; Teiahsha Bankhead-Greene

1997-01-01

469

A qualitative exploration of the use of calendar landmarking instruments in cancer symptom research  

E-print Network

participants had existing chronic conditions, specifically where symptoms 244 were of a similar nature such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung 245 cancer, or benign prostatic hypertrophy and prostate cancer, we found that this 246 could create... landmarking instruments could also have value in early 322 diagnosis research across other diseases and conditions. 323 In conclusion, this qualitative exploration is the first to describe the potential role of 324 calendar landmarking instruments...

Mills, Katie; Emery, Jon; Cheung, Camilla; Hall, Nicola; Birt, Linda; Walter, Fiona M.

2014-01-01

470

Stanford Institute for Higher Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1989, the Stanford Institute for Higher Education Research (SIHER) provides and supports research on a wide range of topics affecting higher education planning and policy, including the dynamics of systemic change, productivity, and the effectiveness of higher education organizations. For people interested in such matters, their website presents a cornucopia of research reports, compelling weblogs, and information about upcoming conferences and symposia that they are sponsoring in conjunction with other like-minded institutes. The research reports include titles such as "Higher Education Research Priorities: Perspectives from Selected Foundations" and "Outsourcing of Instruction at Community Colleges". The site is rounded out by the "Resources" area, which features links to partner organizations and related government resources dealing with higher education.

471

Research in Disabilities Education (RDE)  

NSF Publications Database

... Directorate for Education and Human Resources Division of Human Resource Development Letter of ... and define specific areas of accessibility and human learning in need of further attention by ...

472

Research in Disabilities Education (RDE)  

NSF Publications Database

... Division of Human Resource Development Directorate for Education and Human Resources Letter of ... of the nation's diverse human capital. The programs of the Division of Human Resource Development ...

473

Research Cultures in English and Scottish University Education Departments: An Exploratory Study of Academic Staff Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports the findings of a small-scale qualitative investigation into academic staff perceptions of research cultures across 10 English and Scottish university education departments. The study sheds light on four interrelated issues: the nature of research cultures, perceived facilitators, perceived constraints and the emotional landscape…

Holligan, Chris; Wilson, Michael; Humes, Walter

2011-01-01

474

Medical education research: is participation fair?  

PubMed

Medical researchers and ethicists emphasise the importance of equity, fairness and justice in general medical research participation. No individual or group should be over-represented or under-represented in research-there should be fair participation. Thus far little thought has been given to fair participation in medical education research. There is no evidence based answer as to whether vulnerable groups are ever exploited in medical education research, or whether other individuals or groups are overlooked. However the heavy reliance on undergraduate learners as subjects for medical education research creates two key threats to the fairness of that research. First, there is a risk that undergraduate learners, as a potentially vulnerable population, may be exploited in research settings. Often the faculty carrying out medical education research will be the same faculty that are responsible for delivering medical education and assessing medical students' competencies. It is possible as a result that medical students might feel pressured to participate in research. Second, there is a risk that other important groups of learners may be inadequately represented. Much medical education research is carried out on undergraduates and relatively little on those who have been doing CPD for many years. Thus much of our research concentrates on only a small proportion of medical learning. The relatively small amount of research carried out on those doing continuing professional development (CPD) is probably because of the difficulties of recruiting and retaining this group of learners in research programmes. Both risks threaten the integrity and usefulness of the resulting research product. Unfair participation in medical education research programmes could have serious repercussions for learners at all levels. PMID:24846349

Walsh, Kieran

2014-11-01

475

Maternal concerns about immunization over 0-24 month children: a qualitative research.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative study was to determine the concerns of mothers referred to health center in south Tehran, Iran about immunizing children aged 0-24 months. Data were collected using individual semi-structured interviews and analyzed using content analysis. The mothers' concerns over immunizing their children fell into 5 main categories: (1) "Factors that cause mothers' concerns," (2) "Factors that influence mothers' concerns," (3) "Information, education, and communication barriers," (4) "Informational/educational needs and sources," and (5) "The necessity of childhood vaccinations." According to study findings, mothers consider immunizing children important and they have enough trust in the health system. A deep understanding of maternal concerns about immunizing their children at 0-24 months allows nurses to reduce mothers' concerns by removing communication barriers and providing appropriate and adequate information. PMID:25188870

Delkhosh, Marjan; Negarandeh, Reza; Ghasemi, Elham; Rostami, Hossein

2014-12-01

476

Research Interests of School of Education Research and Teaching Staff and Postgraduate Research Students  

E-print Network

Religious Education Pupil participation Poverty and school education. Catherine O'Hare Religious1 Research Interests of School of Education Research and Teaching Staff and Postgraduate Research subject areas Early years Creativity in Children Teacher Education. John Bollan Religion in Classical

Glasgow, University of

477

Handbook of International Research in Mathematics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook brings together important mathematics education research that makes a difference in both theory and practice, research that anticipates problems and necessary knowledge before they become impediments to progress, interprets future-oriented problems into researchable issues, presents the implications of research and theory development…

English, Lyn D., Ed.

478

Developing a Research Agenda in Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Science Summit reinforced a question upon which many of us in science education are focused: How can we, the science education community of researchers, practitioners, and consumers, lead policy? We include a brief review of the No Child Left Behind Act and its implications for teachers, and elaborate about one ongoing and growing effort to answer the concerns about the paucity of research expressed at the Summit. We describe a unique and growing collaboration across professional science education and science organizations and societies that focuses on the development of a research agenda. The term `consilience' refers to the "jumping together of knowledge" that leads to scientific advancements, progressive, creative, fluid scientific research and intellectual capacity to move a research community toward an enlightened research agenda. A coherent research agenda enables us to specify what we know, what we need to know, and how research can be employed for creating and implementing policy. The use of a dynamic organizer (such as Pasteur's Quadrant) for a research matrix of topics provides a possible structure for organizing and cataloging research questions, designs, findings from past studies, needed areas for research, and policy implications. Through this unique collaboration, the science education community can better focus on needs and priorities and ensure that teachers, policy makers, scientists, and researchers in education at local through national levels have an important stake in research priorities and actions.

Simmons, Patricia E.; Brunkhorst, Herb; Lunetta, Vincent; Penick, John; Peterson, Jodi; Pietrucha, Barbara; Staver, John

2005-06-01

479

Gaming Research for Technology Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assesses the use of gaming to teach Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) in public education. The intent of the investigation was to identify attitudes about gaming and its use in education, as well as the need to utilize gaming as a platform to serve as an integrator of STEM subject matter. Participants included…

Clark, Aaron C.; Ernst, Jeremy

2009-01-01

480

Reclaiming Philosophy for Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper notes the decline in philosophy of education in educational studies from its heyday in the 1970s and 1980s. The explanation is manifold, but includes the more utilitarian and managerial concerns which find less room for the questioning of assumptions distinctive of philosophical enquiry. The paper then uses the Nuffield Review of 14-19…

Pring, Richard

2007-01-01

481

Qualitative Methods in Empirical Studies of Software Engineering  

E-print Network

of research. Along with new research questions, new research methods are needed to study nontechnical aspects of software engineering. In many other disciplines, qualitative research methods have been developed]. Qualitative research methods were designed, mostly by educational researchers and other social scientists [19

482

It's all about relationships: A qualitative study of health researchers' perspectives of conducting interdisciplinary health research  

PubMed Central

Background Interdisciplinary research has been promoted as an optimal research paradigm in the health sciences, yet little is known about how researchers experience interdisciplinarity in practice. This study sought to determine how interdisciplinary research was conceptualized and operationalized from the researcher's perspective and to better understand how best to facilitate interdisciplinary research success. Methods Key informant interviews were conducted with health researchers with expertise or experience in conducting interdisciplinary research. Interviews were completed either in person or over the telephone using a semi-structured interview guide. Data collection occurred simultaneously with data analysis so that emerging themes could be explored in subsequent interviews. A content analysis approach was used. Results Nineteen researchers took part in this study. Interdisciplinary research was conceptualized disparately between participants, and there was modest attention towards operationalization of interdisciplinary research. There was one overriding theme, "It's all about relationships", that emerged from the data. Within this theme, there were four related subthemes: 1) Involvement in interdisciplinary research; 2) Why do I do interdisciplinary research?; 3) Managing and fostering interdisciplinary relationships; and 4) The prickly side to interdisciplinary research. Together, these themes suggest that the choice to conduct interdisciplinary research, though often driven by the research question, is highly influenced by interpersonal and relationship-related factors. In addition, researchers preferred to engage in interdisciplinary research with those that they had already established relationships and where their role in the research process was clearly articulated. A focus on relationship building was seen as a strong facilitator of interdisciplinary success. Conclusion Many health researchers experienced mixed reactions towards their involvement in interdisciplinary research. A well thought-out rationale for interdisciplinary research, and strategies to utilize the contribution of each researcher involved were seen as facilitators towards maximizing the benefits that could be derived from interdisciplinary research. PMID:18501005

Nair, Kalpana M; Dolovich, Lisa; Brazil, Kevin; Raina, Parminder

2008-01-01

483

Teacher Leaders In Research Based Science Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is the web site home for the Teacher Leaders in Research Based Science Education (TLRBSE) program supported by the National Optical Astronomy Observatory. It is designed to retain and renew middle and high school teachers of science by integrating the best practices of Research Based Science Education with the process of mentoring. The program involves teachers in research while also building leadership skills and pedagogical tools.

2006-04-10

484

Research in Science Education: An Interdisciplinary Perspective  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The continuing goal of science education research is the generation of pedagogical knowledge that can be used to improve meaningful understanding of science concepts by students. Using present initiatives in science education as a foundation, the authors provide an overview of developments in cognitive science and instructional psychology and associated exemplary research findings and implications that provide researchers and practitioners with an interdisciplinary framework for improving the quality of school science instruction.

Vitale, Michael R.; Romance, Nancy R.

2006-01-01

485

Educational quality and the crisis of educational research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper was designed not as a research product but as a speech to comparative education colleagues. It argues that there is a crisis of educational quality in many parts of the world, and that there is a parallel crisis in the quality of educational research and statistics. Compared to other major public responsibilities in health, agriculture, population and family planning, educational statistics are poor and often getting worse. Our international and national statistical institutions are impoverished, and we as a profession have been part of the problem. We have been so busy arguing over differing research paradigms that we have not paid sufficient attention to our common professional responsibilities and common professional goals. The paper suggests that we, as professionals interested in comparative education issues, begin to act together more on these common and important issues.

Heyneman, Stephen

1993-11-01

486

Geo-Narrative: Extending Geographic Information Systems for Narrative Analysis in Qualitative and Mixed-Method Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research seeks to contribute to advancing qualitative methodologies at the intersection of qualitative geographic information systems (GIS), narrative analysis, 3D GIS-based time-geographic methods, and computer-aided qualitative data analysis. The approach to GIS-based narrative analysis developed in the study, called “geo-narrative,” is based on extending current GIS capabilities for the analysis and interpretation of narrative materials such as oral histories,

Mei-Po Kwan; Guoxiang Ding

2008-01-01

487

Educational Needs Assessment for Psychiatry Residents to Prevent Suicide: A Qualitative Approach  

PubMed Central

Background: Suicide is a commonly encountered and stressful event in professional life of any psychiatrist. Suicide risk assessment is a major gateway to patient treatment and management. It is a core competency requirement in training of psychiatry. The present study designed to assesseducational needsfor suicide prevention in residents of psychiatry in two medical schools in Iran, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences (IUMS) and Shahid Beheshti Medical University (SBUMS) inTehran. Methods: This was a qualitative triangulation study, conducted in two steps. The first step was based on a phenomenological approach and the second was based on focus groups. The studied population was the psychiatric residents of IUMS and SBUMS. Purposive sampling was implemented until saturation. Interviews were performed. Colaizzi method was used to analyze the data. In the second step, participants attended a session, in which all final codes of the first step were discussed, and regarding the views, educational priorities and needs were listed. Results: A total of 2047 codes, extracted from 31 interviews, analyzed through Colaizzi method, were categorized in three groups: Educational, facilities and processes, human resources. Conclusions: According to defects of current educational program, we suggest regular reevaluations and revisions of clinical training programs according to current needs. PMID:24319561

Barekatain, Majid; Aminoroaia, Mahin; Samimi, Seyed Mehdi Ardestani; Rajabi, Fatemeh; Attari, Abbas

2013-01-01

488

Propriety, Process and Purpose: Considerations of the Use of the Telephone Interview Method in an Educational Research Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

While the use of the telephone has increased as a means of collecting research data in a range of areas, there are few examples of studies where telephone interviews have been conducted to collect qualitative data. The field of educational research is no exception to this. This paper focuses on a study carried out in Higher Education (HE)…

Glogowska, Margaret; Young, Pat; Lockyer, Lesley

2011-01-01

489

Racism and Education: Research Perspectives. Modern Educational Thought Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book focuses, from a British perspective, on the dilemma facing educational systems in culturally diverse societies: too much allowance for diversity can lead to fragmentation and loss of control; too little can lead to alienation, unrest, and loss of control. The book's first part draws on the author's research in educational policy in…

Troyna, Barry

490

A qualitative analysis of a randomized controlled trial comparing a cognitive-behavioral treatment with education  

PubMed Central

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a widely accepted psychosocial treatment for chronic pain. However, the efficacy of CBT has not been investigated within a rural setting. Furthermore, few studies have utilized first-person accounts to qualitatively investigate the key treatment elements and processes of change underlying the well-documented quantitative improvements associated with CBT. To address these gaps, we conducted a randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigating the efficacy of group CBT compared to an active education condition (EDU) within a rural, low-literacy population. Post-treatment semi-structured interviews of 28 CBT and 24 EDU treatment completers were qualitatively analyzed. Emerging themes were collated to depict a set of finalized thematic maps to visually represent the patterns inherent in the data. Patterns were separated into procedural elements and presumed change processes of treatment. Key themes, subthemes, and example extracts for CBT and EDU are presented; unique and shared aspects pertaining to the thematic maps are discussed. Results indicate that while both groups benefited from the program, the CBT group described more breadth and depth of change as compared to the EDU group. Importantly, this study identified key treatment elements and explored possible processes of change from the patients’ perspective. Perspective This qualitative article describes patient-identified key procedural elements and change process factors associated with psychosocial approaches for chronic pain management. Results may guide further adaptations to existing treatment protocols for use within unique, underserved chronic pain populations. Continued development of patient-centered approaches may help reduce health, treatment and ethnicity disparities. PMID:21839689

Day, Melissa A.; Thorn, Beverly E.; Kapoor, Shweta

2011-01-01

491

Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Since 1969, the Universities Space Research Association (USRA), a private, nonprofit corporation, has worked closely with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to advance space science and technology and to promote education in those areas. USRA's Division of Space Life Sciences (DSLS) has been NASA's life sciences research partner for the past 18 years. For the last six years, our Cooperative Agreement NCC9-41 for the 'Space Life Sciences Research and Education Program' has stimulated and assisted life sciences research and education at NASA's Johnson Space Center (JSC) - both at the Center and in collaboration with outside academic institutions. To accomplish our objectives, the DSLS has facilitated extramural research, developed and managed educational programs, recruited and employed visiting and staff scientists, and managed scientific meetings.

Coats, Alfred C.

2001-01-01

492

United States Private-Sector Physicians and Pharmaceutical Contract Research: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background There have been dramatic increases over the past 20 years in the number of nonacademic, private-sector physicians who serve as principal investigators on US clinical trials sponsored by the pharmaceutical industry. However, there has been little research on the implications of these investigators' role in clinical investigation. Our objective was to study private-sector clinics involved in US pharmaceutical clinical trials to understand the contract research arrangements supporting drug development, and specifically how private-sector physicians engaged in contract research describe their professional identities. Methods and Findings We conducted a qualitative study in 2003–2004 combining observation at 25 private-sector research organizations in the southwestern United States and 63 semi-structured interviews with physicians, research staff, and research participants at those clinics. We used grounded theory to analyze and interpret our data. The 11 private-sector physicians who participated in our study reported becoming principal investigators on industry clinical trials primarily because contract research provides an additional revenue stream. The physicians reported that they saw themselves as trial practitioners and as businesspeople rather than as scientists or researchers. Conclusions Our findings suggest that in addition to having financial motivation to participate in contract research, these US private-sector physicians have a professional identity aligned with an industry-based approach to research ethics. The generalizability of these findings and whether they have changed in the intervening years should be addressed in future studies. Please see later in the article for the Editors' Summary. PMID:22911055

Fisher, Jill A.; Kalbaugh, Corey A.

2012-01-01

493

Evaluation of Evaluation Studies Using Qualitative Research Methods in the Social Work Literature (1990-2003): Evidence that Constitutes a Wake-Up Call  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examines the quality of evaluation studies using qualitative research methods in the social work literature in terms of a number of criteria commonly adopted in the field of qualitative research. Method: Using qualitative and evaluation as search terms, relevant qualitative evaluation studies from 1990 to 2003 indexed by…

Shek, Daniel T. L.; Tang, Vera M. Y.; Han, X. Y.

2005-01-01

494

The effects of literacy and education on the quantitative and qualitative aspects of semantic verbal fluency.  

PubMed

Semantic verbal fluency tasks are commonly used in neuropsychological assessment. Investigations of the influence of level of literacy have not yielded consistent results in the literature. This prompted us to investigate the ecological relevance of task specifics, in particular, the choice of semantic criteria used. Two groups of literate and illiterate subjects were compared on two verbal fluency tasks using different semantic criteria. The performance on a food criterion (supermarket fluency task), considered more ecologically relevant for the two literacy groups, and an animal criterion (animal fluency task) were compared. The data were analysed using both quantitative and qualitative measures. The quantitative analysis indicated that the two literacy groups performed equally well on the supermarket fluency task. In contrast, results differed significantly during the animal fluency task. The qualitative analyses indicated differences between groups related to the strategies used, especially with respect to the animal fluency task. The overall results suggest that there is not a substantial difference between literate and illiterate subjects related to the fundamental workings of semantic memory. However, there is indication that the content of semantic memory reflects differences in shared cultural background--in other words, formal education--, as indicated by the significant interaction between level of literacy and semantic criterion. PMID:15202546

da Silva, Catarina Gonzalez; Petersson, Karl Magnus; Faísca, Luís; Ingvar, Martin; Reis, Alexandra

2004-04-01

495

Teacher as Researcher: Teacher Action Research in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Historically, "teacher action research" and "teacher research" have been terms mostly used at the PK-12 level. Yet, embracing it fully and visibly in the teacher education realm is important because it raises awareness of the critical and transformative aspects of teaching and learning. It allows teacher research to be made visible and validated…

Souto-Manning, Mariana

2012-01-01

496

Research in Education: A Guide to Selected Research Reference Sources.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contained in this comprehensive resource guide are listings for the various types of information sources providing access to educational research, including: (1) basic guides; (2) encyclopedias, dictionaries, and research reviews; (3) selected research books; (4) guides to doctoral dissertations and masters theses; (5) Dissertation Abstracts…

McMillan, Pat

497

A qualitative analysis of individual interest in middle school physical education: perspectives of early-adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Past research has revealed the positive impact that interest development can have on achievement outcomes with early-adolescents in physical education (PE). Interest is considered a psychological state of engaging and willingness to reengage in specific content that develops over time; however, little work to date has examined interest development over time using methods that obtain in-depth perspectives of students

Alex C. Garn; Donetta J. Cothran; Jayne M. Jenkins

2011-01-01

498

Perceptions Regarding the Professional Identity of Counselor Education Doctoral Graduates in Private Practice: A Qualitative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on interviews of 10 doctoral graduates of counselor education programs to determine how they viewed professional identity. Results focus on uniqueness of counselors, career development issues, dislike of research, grouping for support, dislike of managed care, anger over turf wars, and affinity with holistic and preventive medicine. (RJM)

Swickert, Mary Lee

1997-01-01

499

A Qualitative Analysis of Individual Interest in Middle School Physical Education: Perspectives of Early-Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Past research has revealed the positive impact that interest development can have on achievement outcomes with early-adolescents in physical education (PE). Interest is considered a psychological state of engaging and willingness to reengage in specific content that develops over time; however, little work to date has examined interest…

Garn, Alex C.; Cothran, Donetta J.; Jenkins, Jayne M.

2011-01-01

500

Mechanisms of Learning Transfer in Adventure Education: Qualitative Results from the NOLS Transfer Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transfer of learning from adventure programs remains of critical interest to adventure education professionals. Although some research has investigated what transfers, notably less has focused on mechanisms that might influence transfer. This paper explores the mechanisms of transfer reported by a stratified random sample of National Outdoor…

Sibthorp, Jim; Furman, Nate; Paisley, Karen; Gookin, John; Schumann, Scott

2011-01-01