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1

Using qualitative research methods in higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESEARCHERS INVESTIGATING ISSUES related to computing in higher education are increasingly using qualitative research methods\\u000a to conduct their investigations. However, they may have little training or experience in qualitative research. The purpose\\u000a of this paper is to introduce researchers to the appropriate use of qualitative methods. It begins by describing how qualitative\\u000a research is defined, key characteristics of qualitative research,

Wilhelmina C. Savenye; Rhonda S. Robinson

2005-01-01

2

Using Qualitative Research Methods in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Researchers investigating issues related to computing in higher education are increasingly using qualitative research methods to conduct their investigations. However, they may have little training or experience in qualitative research. The purpose of this paper is to introduce researchers to the appropriate use of qualitative methods. It begins…

Savenye, Wilhelmina C.; Robinson, Rhonda S.

2005-01-01

3

Getting Started in Qualitative Physics Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this article, we introduce strategies and procedures for collecting and analyzing qualitative data and discuss other aspects of qualitative research such as the role of theory. There are multiple traditions of qualitative research, each with its own methods and terminology. Here, we provide a generic approach to qualitative research that is consistent with most qualitative research traditions. This article consists of nine sections: 1) Introduction, 2) Research Questions and Study Design, 3) Collecting Data, 4) Processing Data, 5) Coding and Analyzing Data, 6) Multiple Representations and Making Inferences, 7) Theoretical perspectives, 8) An Illustration of the Research Process and 9) Validity and Reliability in Qualitative Research. Throughout this article, strategies and examples are provided to help researchers that are both new and veterans to Physics Education Research (PER) to get started in qualitative PER.

Otero, Valerie K.; Harlow, Danielle

2009-06-11

4

Counselor Educators and Qualitative Research: Affirming a Research Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The lack of enthusiastic research activity among counseling professionals has been a subject of professional concern for the last 2 decades. Many graduates of counselor education programs are not connected to academic research and do not establish a research identity. Qualitative research methods have the potential for creating this connection for…

Reisetter, Marcy; Korcuska, James S.; Yexley, Melinda; Bonds, Deborah; Nikels, Holly; McHenry, William

2004-01-01

5

Qualitative Research: Emerging Opportunity in Business Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine the research methods used in articles published in "The Delta Pi Epsilon Journal" and the "NABTE Review" between 2001 and 2005 to determine the extent to which qualitative research methodologies have been employed by researchers and the extent to which these research methodologies were clearly…

Gaytan, Jorge

2007-01-01

6

Viewing Agricultural Education Research through a Qualitative Lens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Journal of Agricultural Education has primarily published research that uses quantitative research methods. Perhaps this is due partly to the lack of a qualitative research conceptual framework to guide our profession. Most researchers in agricultural education were academically prepared to conduct empirical research. Those who are in the…

Dooley, Kim E.

2007-01-01

7

Can Findings of Qualitative Research in Education be Generalized?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most qualitative researchers do not recommend generalization from qualitative studies, as this research is not based on random\\u000a samples and statistical controls. The objective of this study is to explore the degree to which in-service teachers understand\\u000a the controversial aspects of generalization in both qualitative and quantitative educational research and as to how this can\\u000a facilitate problems faced by the

Mansoor Niaz

2007-01-01

8

Qualitative Research in Adult, Career, and Career-Technical Education. Practitioner File.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Directed at practitioners in adult and career education, this document defines qualitative research, compares qualitative research to quantitative research, describes the "war" between proponents of each kind of research, describes how to assess qualitative research, and explains how to choose and use qualitative techniques. Pitfalls of using…

Imel, Susan; Kerka, Sandra; Wonacott, Michael E.

9

Exploring the Relevance of Qualitative Research Synthesis to Higher Education Research and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper proposes the importance of qualitative research synthesis to the field of higher education. It examines seven key texts that undertake synthesis in this field and compares essential features and elements across studies. The authors indicate strengths of the approaches and highlight ways forward for using qualitative research synthesis…

Major, Claire; Savin-Baden, Maggi

2010-01-01

10

Rethinking a Case Study Method in Educational Research: A Comparative Analysis Method in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There are two types of qualitative research that analyze a small number of cases or a single case: idiographic differentiation and nomothetic/generalization. There are few case studies of generalization. This is because theoretical inclination is weak in the field of education, and the binary framework of quantitative versus qualitative research

Murakami, Yusuke

2013-01-01

11

Ethnography in qualitative educational research: AMEE Guide No. 80.  

PubMed

Ethnography is a type of qualitative research that gathers observations, interviews and documentary data to produce detailed and comprehensive accounts of different social phenomena. The use of ethnographic research in medical education has produced a number of insightful accounts into its role, functions and difficulties in the preparation of medical students for clinical practice. This AMEE Guide offers an introduction to ethnography - its history, its differing forms, its role in medical education and its practical application. Specifically, the Guide initially outlines the main characteristics of ethnography: describing its origins, outlining its varying forms and discussing its use of theory. It also explores the role, contribution and limitations of ethnographic work undertaken in a medical education context. In addition, the Guide goes on to offer a range of ideas, methods, tools and techniques needed to undertake an ethnographic study. In doing so it discusses its conceptual, methodological, ethical and practice challenges (e.g. demands of recording the complexity of social action, the unpredictability of data collection activities). Finally, the Guide provides a series of final thoughts and ideas for future engagement with ethnography in medical education. This Guide is aimed for those interested in understanding ethnography to develop their evaluative skills when reading such work. It is also aimed at those interested in considering the use of ethnographic methods in their own research work. PMID:23808715

Reeves, Scott; Peller, Jennifer; Goldman, Joanne; Kitto, Simon

2013-06-28

12

Qualitative research in African education: notes and comments from Southern and Eastern Africa  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines briefly the limits and possibilities of the qualitative research paradigm in sub?Saharan Africa with a focus on Southern and Eastern Africa. The qualitative research paradigm is relatively new to African researchers and institutions, and there are relatively few Africans able to sustain research institutes committed to the qualitative research paradigm in education. African researchers, unlike their counterparts

Kuzvinetsa P. Dzvimbo

1994-01-01

13

Are We (T)here Yet? Qualitative Research in Education's Profuse and Contested Present  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This essay addresses the topic of the state of qualitative research in education by asserting that qualitative research in education is in quite a state. Drawing heavily on Denzin and Lincoln's periodization of qualitative research as a guide, it outlines the various competing developments from within and outside that are vying to characterize…

Wright, Handel Kashope

2006-01-01

14

The Importance of Qualitative Research for Causal Explanation in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The concept of causation has long been controversial in qualitative research, and many qualitative researchers have rejected causal explanation as incompatible with an interpretivist or constructivist approach. This rejection conflates causation with the positivist "theory" of causation, and ignores an alternative understanding of causation,…

Maxwell, Joseph A.

2012-01-01

15

Interviewing Objects: Including Educational Technologies as Qualitative Research Participants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article argues the importance of including significant technologies-in-use as key qualitative research participants when studying today's digitally enhanced learning environments. We gather a set of eight heuristics to assist qualitative researchers in "interviewing" technologies-in-use (or other relevant objects), drawing on concrete…

Adams, Catherine A.; Thompson, Terrie Lynn

2011-01-01

16

Qualitative Research in Education. An Introduction to Theory and Methods. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This introductory level text provides a background for understanding the uses of qualitative research in education, its theoretical and historical underpinnings, and specific methods of educational research. This revised edition places qualitative research into the context of current discussions of research methods and alternative ways of…

Bogdan, Robert C.; Biklen, Sari Knopp

17

Mapping the Possibilities of Qualitative Research in Music Education: A Primer  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Increasing numbers of music education researchers have begun to use qualitative methods to examine research topics using interviews, observations, documents, and archival data. In this article, I review qualitative research methodology and its origins and methods, discuss topics that have been studied by music education researchers using…

Roulston, Kathryn

2006-01-01

18

Qualitative Research in Education. An Introduction to Theory and Methods. Third Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This introductory level text provides a background for understanding the uses of qualitative research in education, its theoretical and historical underpinnings, and specific methods of educational research. This revised edition places qualitative research into the context of current discussions of research methods and alternative ways of knowing.…

Bogdan, Robert C.; Biklen, Sari Knopp

19

Focus Groups: a useful qualitative method for educational research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

During 1994?95, a small team of researchers at the Scottish Council for Research in Education (SCRE) undertook a commissioned study of adults’ perceptions of their lifestyle options within a Scottish region. The findings of the research were intended to inform initiatives in health education and promotion. Two methods of data collection were employed: in?depth interviews and focus group meetings. In

Valerie Wilson

1997-01-01

20

Contemporary Qualitative Research Methodologies and Issues in Literacy Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars who are drawn to qualitative research methodologies represent a diverse group of disciplines and fields. They also represent themselves as researchers and the theoretical frameworks in which they work quite differently. Indeed, it was this diversity in representation that initially motivated us to propose a New Directions feature on…

Tobin, Joseph; Steinkuehler, Constance A.; Black, Rebecca W.; Clinton, Katherine A.; Hinchman, Kathleen A.; Dillon, Deborah R.

2005-01-01

21

Constituting the Field: An Essay on Harry Torrance's "Qualitative Research Methods in Education"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article critically explores Harry Torrance's four-volume edited collection "Qualitative Research Methods in Education." The author argues that this text is an important intervention in the constitution of a meta-discourse on qualitative research today. Torrance pays particular attention to the field of education, providing much needed…

Dimitriadis, Greg

2011-01-01

22

Anthropology and Education Quarterly, Vol. VIII, No. 2, May 1977. Special Issue: Exploring Qualitative/Quantitative Research Methodologies in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This special journal issue contains the proceedings of the Workshop Exploring Qualitative/Quantitative Research Methodologies in Education, held July 21-23, 1976, in Monterey, California. An introductory overview comments on the epistemological nature of the quantitative and the qualitative approaches to educational research and compares several…

Tikunoff, William J., Ed.; Ward, Beatrice A., Ed.

23

Qualitative research: Data analysis framework generating grounded theory applicable to the crisis in science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The shortage of qualified teachers, and the quality and quantity of the science taught in precollege institutions are two focal issues in today's national crisis in science education. This article delineates aspects of qualitative research having the potential of providing guidance to change agents in designing effective strategies to mitigate the crisis. A discursive approach to qualitative research involving the

Barbara S. Spector

1984-01-01

24

The Science of Context: Modes of Response for Qualitative Researchers in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How might qualitative researchers meaningfully operate in a contemporary research climate that holds to such limited conceptions of what constitutes "scientific" research in education? This article discusses implications of scientifically based research (SBR) and identifies several pathways along which researchers may productively work in such a…

Demerath, Peter

2006-01-01

25

Co-Operative Education: Challenges of Qualitative Research on Learning in the Workplace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is concerned with the challenges of qualitative research on workplace learning that occurs within co-operative (co-op) education. Co-op education is extensive in Canada, with an estimated 10% of the student population enrolled in co-op secondary education each year. The context for this study was a veterinary clinic in which four co-op…

Chin, Peter; Munby, Hugh; Hutchinson, Nancy L.

26

Typology of Analytical Errors in Qualitative Educational Research: An Analysis of the 2003-2007 Education Science Dissertations in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this research, the level of quality of the qualitative research design used and the analytic mistakes made in the doctorate dissertations carried out in the field of education science in Turkey have been tried to be identified. Case study design has been applied in the study in which qualitative research techniques have been used. The universe…

Karadag, Engin

2010-01-01

27

Typology of Analytical Errors in Qualitative Educational Research: An Analysis of the 2003-2007 Education Science Dissertations in Turkey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this research, the level of quality of the qualitative research design used and the analytic mistakes made in the doctorate dissertations carried out in the field of education science in Turkey have been tried to be identified. Case study design has been applied in the study in which qualitative research techniques have been used. The universe…

Karadag, Engin

2010-01-01

28

Expanding Perspectives: Qualitative Research in Higher Education. Second Edition. ASHE Reader Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Chapters in this volume provide an introduction to qualitative research in higher education, organizing the discussion around four central themes. Part 1, Situating Ourselves and Our Inquiry, contains: (1) Objectivity in Educational Research (Elliot Eisner); (2) Truth in Trouble (Kenneth Gergen); (3) Beyond Translation: Truth and Rigoberta Menchu…

Conrad, Clifton F., Ed.; Haworth, Jennifer Grant, Ed.; Lattuca, Lisa R., Ed.

29

The Use of Triangulation Methods in Qualitative Educational Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Triangulation involves the careful reviewing of data collected through different methods in order to achieve a more accurate and valid estimate of qualitative results for a particular construct. This paper describes how we used three qualitative methods of data collection to study attitudes of students toward graphing, hands-on activities, and cooperative grouping techniques using the triangulation method.

Allen, Deedee; Oliver-Hoyo, Maria

2006-01-01

30

Educational Researchers' Personal Explicit Theories on Creativity and Its Development: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this paper is to investigate implicit theories of educational researchers on creativity and the potential to support creativity in schools. We used qualitative thematic analysis of material produced by 27 educational experts from Serbia. Personal explicit theories about manifestations of creativity are mainly based on qualities and…

Maksic, Slavica; Pavlovic, Jelena

2011-01-01

31

Writing Educational Biography: Explorations in Qualitative Research. Critical Education Practice; Volume 13. Garland Reference Library of Social Science, Volume 1098.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection examines many influences of biographical inquiry in education and discusses methodological issues from the perspectives of veteran and novice biographers. The section on qualitative research and educational biography contains the following chapters: "Musings on Life Writing: Biography and Case Studies in Teacher Education" (Robert…

Kridel, Craig, Ed.

32

The Use of Email Interviewing as a Qualitative Method of Inquiry in Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article argues for the potential that email interviewing has as a qualitative method in educational research. The article draws on research that uses email as a way of generating online narratives in order to understand how academics construct their identities. In doing so, the article considers the challenges that email interviewing poses…

James, Nalita

2007-01-01

33

A Content Analysis of Qualitative Research in the Journal of Teaching in Physical Education from 1998 to 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous reviews of research have documented the increasing use of qualitative inquiry in physical education. In this research note, the authors present a content analysis of qualitative research articles published between 1998 and 2008 in the Journal of Teaching in Physical Education (JTPE). A total of 110 empirical articles were published that…

Hemphill, Michael A.; Richards, K. Andrew R.; Templin, Thomas J.; Blankenship, Bonnie Tjeerdsma

2012-01-01

34

Using Qualitative Methods to Make and Support Claims in Physics Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document summarizes a session, held at the 2002 Physics Education research conference, that was designed to stimulate conversations about the use of qualitative methods in physics education research. The session began with a general overview of qualitative research. Then, to provide a context for discussion, facilitators conducted a mini research activity; in which they introduded data (interview, video transcripts, and student work) from a university physics course for preservice teachers. Participants were given the task of examining the data and deciding whether a particular claim was sufficiently supported by the data. A rich discussion ensued, in which many research-related issues were raised. These issues, which might serve as topics of discussion for future sessions, are listed and briefly editorialized at the end of this paper.

Sandifer, Cody; Johnson, Andy

2010-06-16

35

Using Qualitative Methods to Make and Support Claims in Physics Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This document summarizes a session, held at the 2002 Physics Education research conference, that was designed to stimulate conversations about the use of qualitative methods in physics education research. The session began with a general overview of qualitative research. Then, to provide a context for discussion, facilitators conducted a mini research activity; in which they introduced data (interview, video transcripts, and student work) from a university physics course for preservice teachers. Participants were given the task of examining the data and deciding whether a particular claim was sufficiently supported by the data. A rich discussion ensued, in which many research-related issues were raised. These issues, which might serve as topics of discussion for future sessions, are listed and briefly editorialized at the end of this paper.

Sandifer, Cody; Johnson, Andy

2006-12-06

36

The State of Qualitative Research in Gifted Education as Published in American Journals: An Analysis and Critique  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As qualitative research has become a more familiar form of inquiry in gifted education, judging its quality and value remains obscure and problematic to the field. This article analyzes and critiques published studies for the purpose of understanding the state of qualitative research in gifted education. Data for this study are from the major…

Coleman, Laurence J.; Guo, Aige; Dabbs, Charlotte Simms

2007-01-01

37

Why Qualitative Research in Nursing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the role of research in nursing education, its purpose and problems, and whether nursing research methodology should continue as is or change. Two case studies of research that used qualitative methodology are presented and discussed. (CT)

Swanson, Janice M.; Chenitz, W. Carole

1982-01-01

38

New Directions in Research: Contemporary Qualitative Research Methodologies and Issues in Literacy Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Scholars who are drawn to qualitative research methodologies represent a diverse group of disciplines and fields. They also represent themselves as researchers and the theoretical frameworks in which they work quite differently. Indeed, it was this diversity in representation that initially motivated us to propose a New Directions feature on…

Tobin, Joseph; Steinkuehler, Constance A.; Black, Rebecca W.; Clinton, Katherine A.; Hinchman, Kathleen A.; Dillon, Deborah R.

2005-01-01

39

Cultural science and qualitative educational research: work ‘in the first place’ on the morality of classroom life  

Microsoft Academic Search

The state of qualitative research in education is addressed in this paper in terms of three categories of scientific inquiry (following Heap, 1992) and the varying place and function of qualitative work in each of these categories. The argument is put that one of these categories of inquiry, specifically cultural human sciences, offers the educational enterprise distinctive theoretical and analytic

Peter Freebody; Jill Freiberg

2006-01-01

40

Teaching Qualitative Research to Practitioner-Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Practitioner-researchers are well-positioned to apply qualitative methods to the study of significant problems of educational practice. However, while learning the skills of qualitative inquiry, practitioners may be compelled by forces outside of qualitative research classrooms to think quantitatively. In this article, the author considers two…

Cox, Rebecca D.

2012-01-01

41

Clarifying Qualitative Research: A Focus on Traditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is considerable confusion in the educational literature about the nature of qualitative research. In this article I argue that a major source of the confusion arises from discussing qualitative research as if it is one approach. The discussion in the educational literature concerning qualitative research can be clarified by recognizing that qualitative research comes in many different varieties, which

Evelyn Jacob

1988-01-01

42

Multiple Voices in Health, Sport, Recreation, and Physical Education Research: Revealing Unfamiliar Spaces in a Polyvocal Review of Qualitative Research Genres  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to outline the potential genres of qualitative research that can be used to research the domains of health, sport, recreation, and physical education. Drawing on Denzin and Lincoln (2000) and Sparkes (2002a), and connecting to the work of six researchers, this article will present five genres of qualitative research that are increasingly informing our

Tim F. Hopper; Leanna E. Madill; Chris D. Bratseth; Kathi A. Cameron; James D. Coble; Laura E. Nimmon

2008-01-01

43

A Grounded Theory of Inductive Qualitative Research Education: Results of a Meta-Data-Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on the first stage of a meta-study conducted by the authors on primary research published during the last thirty years that focused on discovering the experiences of students learning qualitative research. The authors carried out a meta-analysis of the findings of students' experiences learning qualitative research included in…

Cooper, Robin; Chenail, Ronald J.; Fleming, Stephanie

2012-01-01

44

Being a qualitative researcher.  

PubMed

This article, from a keynote address, is the result of some of the things which I learned about qualitative research during my many years of doing and teaching it. The main point I make is that qualitative researchers should present a good story which is based on evidence but focused on meaning rather than measurement. In qualitative inquiry, the researchers' selves are involved, their experiences become a resource. Researchers cannot distance themselves from the other participants, although they cannot fully present their meaning and experience. I also discuss voice, paradigm, and innovation as potentially problematic issues in qualitative research. These are terms often used but not always examined for their meaning in qualitative inquiry. If researchers are aware and sensitive, rather than overemotional or self-absorbed, qualitative research can be enlightening, person-centered, and humanistic. PMID:21266705

Holloway, Immy; Biley, Francis C

2011-01-25

45

Quality in Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

A lot of effort has been expended by methodologists over the years, trying to give some guidance to qualitative researchers in improving or judging the quality of qualitative research. You could say that all methodological writing is ultimately directed at such a goal, because the idea of writing about how one can do research is presumably aimed at giving other

Clive Seale

1999-01-01

46

Sampling in Qualitative Research  

PubMed Central

In gerontology the most recognized and elaborate discourse about sampling is generally thought to be in quantitative research associated with survey research and medical research. But sampling has long been a central concern in the social and humanistic inquiry, albeit in a different guise suited to the different goals. There is a need for more explicit discussion of qualitative sampling issues. This article will outline the guiding principles and rationales, features, and practices of sampling in qualitative research. It then describes common questions about sampling in qualitative research. In conclusion it proposes the concept of qualitative clarity as a set of principles (analogous to statistical power) to guide assessments of qualitative sampling in a particular study or proposal.

LUBORSKY, MARK R.; RUBINSTEIN, ROBERT L.

2011-01-01

47

Teaching Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Explicitly qualitative research has never before been so popular in human geography, and this article hopes to encourage more graduate students and faculty members to undertake the teaching of qualitative geography. The article describes one such course for graduate students, highlighting its challenges and rewards, and focusing on exercises…

Delyser, Dydia

2008-01-01

48

Foucauldian Scientificity: Rethinking the Nexus of Qualitative Research and Educational Policy Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This essay calls for qualitative policy analysis that can engage strategically with the increased calls for the usefulness of social policy toward the improvement of educational practice. Michel Foucault's concept of scientificity is used as a tool against the "repositivization" at work in neo-liberal times and its "rage for accountability" where…

Lather, Patti

2006-01-01

49

Developing qualitative coding frameworks for educational research: immigration, education and the Children Crossing Borders project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Children Crossing Borders (CCB) study is a polyvocal, multi?sited project on immigration and early childhood education and care in five countries: Italy, Germany, France, England and the USA. The complicated nature of the data pushed us as a group to expand our methodological resources to not only organize the data but also to make it searchable, and thus comparable,

Jennifer Keys Adair; Giulia Pastori

2011-01-01

50

Developing Qualitative Coding Frameworks for Educational Research: Immigration, Education and the Children Crossing Borders Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Children Crossing Borders (CCB) study is a polyvocal, multi-sited project on immigration and early childhood education and care in five countries: Italy, Germany, France, England and the USA. The complicated nature of the data pushed us as a group to expand our methodological resources to not only organize the data but also to make it…

Adair, Jennifer Keys; Pastori, Giulia

2011-01-01

51

A Dialogue on Space and Method in Qualitative Research on Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors critically examine the use of space in education research and illustrate how spatial analyses of education reframe persistent educational problems in productive, actionable ways. The authors juxtapose critical spatial analyses with traditional temporal analyses. The authors approach the knowledge-construction process…

Gildersleeve, Ryan Evely; Kuntz, Aaron M.

2011-01-01

52

Toward Methodological Diversity: Qualitative Research Approaches.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents research approaches using qualitative methods that are needed as alternatives to traditional, quantitative methods. Describes the three qualitative methods of participant-observation, in-depth interviewing, and life histories and case studies. Discusses exemplars of qualitative techniques for research in counselor education and…

Mathews, Bernadette; Paradise, Louis V.

1988-01-01

53

Qualitative Experimentation, Local Generalizability, and Other Oxymoronic Opportunities for Educated Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As lines between research paradigms continue to blur with the ever-increasing popularity of mixed methods research, there are useful, and occasionally oxymoronic, opportunities for educational researchers to juxtapose tools from opposing methods. The gold standard is just not possible in so much of what we do with small-scale research, nor is it…

Brooks, Gordon P.

2011-01-01

54

Qualitative Experimentation, Local Generalizability, and Other Oxymoronic Opportunities for Educated Researchers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As lines between research paradigms continue to blur with the ever-increasing popularity of mixed methods research, there are useful, and occasionally oxymoronic, opportunities for educational researchers to juxtapose tools from opposing methods. The gold standard is just not possible in so much of what we do with small-scale research, nor is it…

Brooks, Gordon P.

2011-01-01

55

The Contributions of Qualitative Research to Discussions of Evidence-Based Practice in Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In response to recent trends and legislation, the concept of implementing evidence-based practices has become a critical component of contemporary schooling. It is important that teachers and families of students with disabilities understand the role that qualitative research plays in determining whether a practice is in fact evidence based.…

McDuffie, Kimberly A.; Scruggs, Thomas E.

2008-01-01

56

Designing a Qualitative Research for Evaluation of English for Academic Purposes Activity in Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Competence-based teacher education provides new knowledge within the knowledge triangle of education, research and innovation. Communicative competence is of the greatest importance which individuals need for personal fulfilment and development, active citizenship, social inclusion and employment (European Commission, 2004). The successful…

Zascerinska, Jelena

2010-01-01

57

Disciplining qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research exists in a time of global uncertainty. Around the world, governments are attempting to regulate scientific inquiry by defining what counts as ‘good’ science. These regulatory activities raise fundamental, philosophical epistemological, political and pedagogical issues for scholarship and freedom of speech in the academy. This essay contests this methodological fundamentalism, and interrogates the politics of re?emergent scientism, the

Norman K. Denzin; Yvonna S. Lincoln; Michael D. Giardina

2006-01-01

58

Disciplining Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qualitative research exists in a time of global uncertainty. Around the world, governments are attempting to regulate scientific inquiry by defining what counts as "good" science. These regulatory activities raise fundamental, philosophical epistemological, political and pedagogical issues for scholarship and freedom of speech in the academy.…

Denzin, Norman K.; Lincoln, Yvonna S.; Giardina, Michael D.

2006-01-01

59

Prioritising Paradigms, Mixing Methods, and Characterising the "Qualitative" in Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There seems to be a continuous flow of new and revised books to support the teaching and learning of research methods in education and related fields. At one level, this is to be welcomed in an area such as research methodology where there is no single, widely accepted and coherent overview of the subject. The availability of diverse voices and…

Taber, Keith S.

2012-01-01

60

Beyond the Quantitative and Qualitative Divide: Research in Art Education as Border Skirmish.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes a research project that utilizes a coherent conceptual model of art education research incorporating the demand for empirical rigor and providing for diverse interpretive frameworks. Briefly profiles the NUD*IST (Non-numerical Unstructured Data Indexing Searching and Theorizing) software system that can organize and retrieve complex…

Sullivan, Graeme

1996-01-01

61

Qualitative Research Techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are aspects of the human experience that cannot be enumerated or represented by a summary score. Clinicians in the surgical\\u000a disciplines intuitively know this, yet often are not certain how to evaluate the perspectives and circumstances of their patients’\\u000a experiences. Qualitative research is systematic inquiry that focuses on exploring and understanding the experiences of individuals\\u000a and groups. Both the

Donna L. Berry; Sally L. Maliski; William J. Ellis

62

Understanding and Evaluating Qualitative Research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research aims to address questions concerned with developing an understanding of the meaning and experience dimensions of humans’ lives and social worlds. Central to good qualitative research is whether the research participants’ subjective meanings, actions and social contexts, as understood by them, are illuminated. This paper aims to provide beginning researchers, and those unfamiliar with qualitative research, with an

Ellie Fossey; Carol Harvey; Fiona Mcdermott; Larry Davidson

2002-01-01

63

Dilemmas in qualitative health research  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the use of qualitative methods in health research proliferates, it becomes increasingly necessary to consider how the value of a piece of qualitative research should be assessed. This article discusses the problem posed by the novelty and diversity of qualitative approaches within health psychology and considers the question of what criteria are appropriate for assessing the validity of a

Lucy Yardley

2000-01-01

64

Conceptualising Qualitative Research in Curriculum Studies: an international study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research is becoming increasingly popular amongst curriculum subject specialists and this is noticeable amongst geographical educators seeking alternative approaches to conducting studies concerned with complex human phenomena. It has not been ascertained just what conception geographical educators have of qualitative research. In this paper we seek to address the questions: What is the experience of qualitative research possessed by

Rod Gerber; Michael Williams; Ove Biilmann

1995-01-01

65

Qualitative research and reflexive faculty change potentials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Often associated with early stages of individual and organizational change is exploration of basic premisses or assumptions held by individuals. Management faculty could benefit from an increased awareness of epistemological and values assumptions that they and others are applying in their educational planning and classroom instructional choices. Multiparadigmatic qualitative research on the evolving field of management education itself might allow

Stephen L. Payne

1996-01-01

66

The Study of Motivation in Library and Information Management Education: Qualitative and Quantitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of new technologies and media has changed the concept of teaching and learning, offering effective and attractive possibilities to the educational system, particularly to the learning of languages in specific contexts. Educators in general will agree on the importance of motivation as a key to success in language acquisition as it…

Perez-Sabater, Carmen; Montero-Fleta, Begona

2012-01-01

67

The Study of Motivation in Library and Information Management Education: Qualitative and Quantitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The application of new technologies and media has changed the concept of teaching and learning, offering effective and attractive possibilities to the educational system, particularly to the learning of languages in specific contexts. Educators in general will agree on the importance of motivation as a key to success in language acquisition as it…

Perez-Sabater, Carmen; Montero-Fleta, Begona

2012-01-01

68

Quantitative versus qualitative tourism research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to examine the importance of “quantitative” vs. “qualitative” tourism research, similar developments in anthropology arc examined. In addition, the impact of such thought upon marketing is discussed. The tradeoffs of choosing “qualitative” or “scientific” techniques are overtly considered, “science” and “art” in research are operationally defined, and the strength of each method is juxtaposed and justified. Such an

Alf H. Walle

1997-01-01

69

Using Numbers in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of numerical/quantitative data in qualitative research studies and reports has been controversial. Prominent qualitative researchers such as Howard Becker and Martyn Hammersley have supported the inclusion of what Becker called "quasi-statistics": simple counts of things to make statements such as "some," "usually," and "most" more…

Maxwell, Joseph A.

2010-01-01

70

Introduction: Qualitative Research in Criminology  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper begins with a brief overview of research traditions that paved the way for qualitative methods in criminological research (labeling approach and critical criminology). In addition, it outlines recent trends in qualitative criminology. The potentials and the limits of a perspective of \\

Michael Meuser; Gabi Löschper

2002-01-01

71

Addressing Possible Problems of Validity and Reliability in Qualitative Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The ways in which potential problems in terms of validity were addressed by a beginning researcher conducting research into teacher attitudes are described. The researcher, a doctoral candidate, studied the beliefs, attitudes, and values of four experienced high school biology teachers. Principles and practices of research were set into place…

Van Rooy, Wilhelmina

72

Qualitative Research Applications in Athletic Training  

PubMed Central

Objective: To explain the ethnographic, phenomenologic, and grounded theory approaches to qualitative research and to describe how these approaches can be applied to contemporary topics related to athletic training education. Background: Athletic training education has recently experienced an increase in the use of qualitative methods, and various qualitative approaches are viable for answering many questions related to athletic training education. Ethnography focuses on describing a culture or subculture. Phenomenology focuses on the meaning of lived human experience. Grounded theory focuses on developing theory related to social processes. Each approach is contextual and attempts to facilitate insight and understanding related to the human condition. Description: We provide an in-depth discussion of each of the selected qualitative approaches and explain the focus and unique data-collection and data-analysis strategies and identify the distinctive outcomes of each approach. Each research approach has a distinct purpose, and the specific application is driven by the questions asked. We also identify questions that are amenable to a specific method. Applications: To better understand the interactive nature of education and learning, athletic training researchers are beginning to ask questions that require information to be gathered about meaning, contexts, culture, and processes. Such questions are best answered through the use of qualitative research methods that most commonly include ethnography, phenomenology, and grounded theory. In order for athletic training professionals to gain the most from the research conducted, it is essential that they have an understanding of the theoretic underpinnings of these methods and when each should be used.

Pitney, William A.; Parker, Jenny

2002-01-01

73

Qualitative methods in health research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative methods have much to offer those studying health care and health services. However, because these methods have traditionally been employed in the social sciences, they may be unfa- miliar to health care professionals and researchers with a biomedical or natural science background. Indeed, qualitative methods may seem alien alongside the experimental and observational quant- itative methods used in clinical,

Catherine Pope; Nicholas Mays

2006-01-01

74

How Is Qualitative Research Taught at the Masters' Level?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined how qualitative research is taught in foundation MSW courses using a content analysis of syllabi and a survey. The Council on Social Work Education required qualitative research content in 1994 and several authors advocate for greater inclusion of it. Yet no research about what qualitative content is included on syllabi is…

Drisko, James W.

2008-01-01

75

Research Methods in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Research Methods in Education" introduces research methods as an integrated set of techniques for investigating questions about the educational world. This lively, innovative text helps students connect technique and substance, appreciate the value of both qualitative and quantitative methodologies, and make ethical research decisions. It weaves…

Check, Joseph; Schutt, Russell K.

2011-01-01

76

Positivism and qualitative nursing research.  

PubMed

Despite the hostility to positivism shown by qualitative methodologists in nursing, as in other disciplines, the epistemological and ontological instincts of qualitative researchers seem to coincide with those of the positivists, especially Bayesian positivists. This article suggests that positivists and qualitative researchers alike are pro-observation, proinduction, pro-plausibility and pro-subjectivity. They are also anti-cause, anti-realist, anti-explanation, anti-correspondence, anti-truth. In only one respect is there a significant difference between positivist and qualitative methodologists: most positivists have believed that, methodologically, the natural sciences and the social sciences are the same; most qualitative researchers are adamant that they are not. However, if positivism fails as a philosophy of the natural sciences (which it probably does), it might well succeed as a philosophy of the social sciences, just because there is a methodological watershed between the two. Reflex antagonism to positivism might therefore be a major obstacle to understanding the real reasons why qualitative research and the natural sciences are methodologically divergent; and less hostility on the part of qualitative nurse researchers might bring certain advantages in its wake. PMID:11885869

Paley, J

2001-01-01

77

Antecedents and Consequences of Service Quality in a Higher Education Context: A Qualitative Research Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to report on the perception of students in regard to critical antecedents, dimensions and consequences of service quality with an aim to develop a theoretical model in the context of a university in Australia. Design/methodology/approach: This research used focus group discussions with 19 students who had been…

Sultan, Parves; Wong, Ho Yin

2013-01-01

78

Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology: Integrating Diversity with Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this new edition, the author explains quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods, and incorporates the viewpoints of various research paradigms (postpositivist, constructivist, transformative, and pragmatic) into descriptions of these methods. Special emphasis is provided for conducting research in culturally complex communities. Each chapter…

Mertens, Donna M.

2004-01-01

79

Research and Evaluation in Education and Psychology: Integrating Diversity with Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Methods. Second Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this new edition, the author explains quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods, and incorporates the viewpoints of various research paradigms (postpositivist, constructivist, transformative, and pragmatic) into descriptions of these methods. Special emphasis is provided for conducting research in culturally complex communities. Each…

Mertens, Donna M.

2004-01-01

80

[Quantitative and qualitative nursing research].  

PubMed

The aim of this article is to open a discussion on Nursing research methods. Authors give some thoughts on qualitative nursing research and underlining the difference between positivistic and teleological vision. Relationship between inductive and deductive thinking is discussed. PMID:10474458

Nieminen, H; Sansoni, J

81

Qualitative Research Applications in Athletic Training.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVE: To explain the ethnographic, phenomenologic, and grounded theory approaches to qualitative research and to describe how these approaches can be applied to contemporary topics related to athletic training education. BACKGROUND: Athletic training education has recently experienced an increase in the use of qualitative methods, and various qualitative approaches are viable for answering many questions related to athletic training education. Ethnography focuses on describing a culture or subculture. Phenomenology focuses on the meaning of lived human experience. Grounded theory focuses on developing theory related to social processes. Each approach is contextual and attempts to facilitate insight and understanding related to the human condition. DESCRIPTION: We provide an in-depth discussion of each of the selected qualitative approaches and explain the focus and unique data-collection and data-analysis strategies and identify the distinctive outcomes of each approach. Each research approach has a distinct purpose, and the specific application is driven by the questions asked. We also identify questions that are amenable to a specific method. APPLICATIONS: To better understand the interactive nature of education and learning, athletic training researchers are beginning to ask questions that require information to be gathered about meaning, contexts, culture, and processes. Such questions are best answered through the use of qualitative research methods that most commonly include ethnography, phenomenology, and grounded theory. In order for athletic training professionals to gain the most from the research conducted, it is essential that they have an understanding of the theoretic underpinnings of these methods and when each should be used. PMID:12937540

Pitney, William A; Parker, Jenny

2002-12-01

82

Spiritual Transformation in a Secular Context: A Qualitative Research Study of Transformative Learning in a Higher Education Setting  

Microsoft Academic Search

The offering of a graduate-level seminar at a major, public, North American university on the spiritual and moral dimensions of educational leadership provided the authors the unique opportunity to research the connections between higher education and spirituality, to determine the extent to which spiritual transformation might be possible within a secular institution. The study's 17 student seminar members were challenged,

Janet Groen; Jeffrey Jacob

2006-01-01

83

Qualitative Research in Rehabilitation Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research approaches offer rehabilitation scholars and practitioners avenues into understanding the lives and experiences of people with disabilities and those people and systems with whom they interact. The methods used often parallel those used in counseling and appear to be well matched with the field of rehabilitation counseling.…

Hanley-Maxwell, Cheryl; Al Hano, Ibrahim; Skivington, Michael

2007-01-01

84

Qualitative Research on Older Drivers  

Microsoft Academic Search

With an aging population, concerns for road safety point to a growing need for research into the driving attitudes and habits of older adults. In this review of the qualitative literature, we have identified 25 studies that used focus groups or interviews to learn about the experiences and concerns of older drivers. The review addresses four themes: (1) The importance

Fauzia Gardezi; Keith G. Wilson; Malcolm Man-Son-Hing; Shawn C. Marshall; Frank J. Molnar; Bonnie M. Dobbs; Holly A. Tuokko

2006-01-01

85

Qualitative Research in Rehabilitation Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qualitative research approaches offer rehabilitation scholars and practitioners avenues into understanding the lives and experiences of people with disabilities and those people and systems with whom they interact. The methods used often parallel those used in counseling and appear to be well matched with the field of rehabilitation counseling.…

Hanley-Maxwell, Cheryl; Al Hano, Ibrahim; Skivington, Michael

2007-01-01

86

Consensual Qualitative Research: An Update  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors reviewed the application of consensual qualitative research (CQR) in 27 studies published since the method's introduction to the field in 1997 by C. E. Hill, B. J. Thompson, and E. N. Williams (1997). After first describing the core components and the philosophical underpinnings of CQR, the authors examined how it has been applied in terms of the consensus

Clara E. Hill; Sarah Knox; Barbara J. Thompson; Elizabeth Nutt Williams; Shirley A. Hess; Nicholas Ladany

2005-01-01

87

Reconsidering Constructivism in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines constructivism, a paradigm in qualitative research that has been propagated by Egon Guba, Yvonna Lincoln, and Norman Denzin. A distinction is made between whether the basic presuppositions of constructivism are credible compared to those of a competing paradigm and whether constructivism's beliefs are internally consistent.…

Lee, Cheu-Jey George

2012-01-01

88

Reflections on qualitative research in sport psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four primarily quantitative researchers in the field of sport and exercise psychology offer their observations on qualitative methods. Topics addressed include their assessment of certain strengths and weaknesses of qualitative research, frustrations and concerns in reading and evaluating qualitative research, and speculation on the future of qualitative research in sport and exercise psychology.

Robert C. Eklund; Karin A. Jeffery; Urska Dobersek; Seongkwan Cho

2011-01-01

89

A Qualitative Study of Educator Experiences in a Virtual World  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative research study used a phenomenological approach to examine educators' experiences in the virtual world of Second Life[TM]. The rationale for this study's focus on educators using a virtual world stems from an interest in the factors that influence educational practices in virtual worlds. The researcher conducted focus groups…

Dutton, Catherine L.

2009-01-01

90

Critical Qualitative Research Reader. Critical Qualitative Research. Volume 2  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume of transformed research utilizes an activist approach to examine the notion that nothing is apolitical. Research projects themselves are critically examined for power orientations, even as they are used to address curricular problems and educational or societal issues. Philosophical perspectives that have facilitated an understanding…

Steinberg, Shirley R., Ed.; Cannella, Gaile S., Ed.

2012-01-01

91

Educational Accountability: A Qualitatively Driven Mixed-Methods Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the importance of mixed-methods research, in particular the value of qualitatively driven mixed-methods research for quantitatively driven domains like educational accountability. The article demonstrates the merits of qualitative thinking by describing a mixed-methods study that focuses on a middle school's system of…

Hall, Jori N.; Ryan, Katherine E.

2011-01-01

92

"Answers," Assemblages, and Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although educational researchers predominately study complex, multidimensional problems, research findings and proposed arguments can sometimes be characterized as definite, simplified, and prone to particular types of answers or expected outcomes. The authors seek to problematize these definite and simplified notions of answers by looking at…

Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka; Barko, Tim

2012-01-01

93

Quantitative Vs qualitative research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantitative methods have been widely used because of the fact that things that can be measured or counted gain scientific\\u000a credibility over the unmeasurable. But the extent of biological abnormality, severity, consequences and the impact of illness\\u000a cannot be satisfactorily captured and answered by the quantitative research alone. In such situations qualitative methods\\u000a take a holistic perspective preserving the complexities

M. Lakshman; Leena Sinha; Moumita Biswas; Maryann Charles; N. K. Arora

2000-01-01

94

Qualitative Research Articles: Guidelines, Suggestions and Needs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to give ideas and suggestions to avoid some typical problems of qualitative articles. The aim is not to debate quality in qualitative research but to indicate some practical solutions. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the design of qualitative research and the structure of a qualitative

Crescentini, Alberto; Mainardi, Giuditta

2009-01-01

95

Standards of Evidence in Qualitative Research: An Incitement to Discourse  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a climate of increased accountability, standardization, federal control, and politicization of education research and scholarship, this article briefly reviews various positions outlined by qualitative researchers about quality in qualitative inquiry, showing how these are implicated in the acquisition, conceptualization, and use of…

Freeman, Melissa; deMarrais, Kathleen; Preissle, Judith; Roulston, Kathryn; St. Pierre, Elizabeth A.

2007-01-01

96

[Reflexivity: a critical issue in qualitative research].  

PubMed

Reflexivity is an English term that Spanish speaking people have to assign a technical meaning. Reflexivity expresses the conscience of researchers conscience and refers to their connection with the study's situation. It is a process by which researchers step back to critically exam the effect they have on the study and the impact of their interactions with participants. The reflexive process is embedded in all research levels and is present in all the research phases, from the research question to fieldwork, from data analysis to writing the final report. Nevertheless, the question is not so much to engage in reflective activities but to be a reflexive researcher. Reflexivity is a human ability that is present during social interactions. For this reason it is present in qualitative research. A self inquirer can be addressed as it is constructed by the relationships and interactions that are established with study participants. Reflexivity has an educational character that continues after the study is completed. PMID:21531602

de la Cuesta-Benjumea, Carmen

2011-05-04

97

Infusing Qualitative Traditions in Counseling Research Designs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research traditions serve as a blueprint or guide for a variety of design decisions throughout qualitative inquiry. This article presents 6 qualitative research traditions: grounded theory, phenomenology, consensual qualitative research, ethnography, narratology, and participatory action research. For each tradition, the authors describe its…

Hays, Danica G.; Wood, Chris

2011-01-01

98

Aced Out: Censorship of Qualitative Research in the Age of "Scientifically Based Research"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this manuscript, we examine three layers of censorship related to the publication of qualitative research studies: (a) the global level of federal legislation and the definition of the "gold standard" of educational research, (b) the decline in the number of qualitative studies published in a top-tiered early childhood educational research

Ceglowski, Deborah; Bacigalupa, Chiara; Peck, Emery

2011-01-01

99

Becoming a scientist: A qualitative study of the educational experience of undergraduates working in an American and a Brazilian research laboratory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because the production of scientific and technological innovations has been at the center of debates for economic growth, scientists are recognized as important actors in the current global market. In this study, I will examine the undergraduate education of future scientists by focusing on students working in research projects of faculty members. This research activity has been promoted by American and Brazilian public agencies as an attempt to attract more college students to scientific careers as well as to improve their future performance in science. Evaluations of these programs have focused on important quantitative indicators focusing mainly on the amount of students that later choose to pursue scientific careers. However, these studies fail to address important educational aspects of undergraduates' experience. In this research, I explore the educational processes taking place as students are introduced to the making of science in order to understand how and what they are learning. Three bodies of literature illuminates the formulation and the analysis of the research questions: (1) theories of globalization situate the education of scientists within the dynamics of a broader social, economic, cultural, and historical framework; (2) the critical pedagogy of Paulo Freire is the basis for the understanding of the pedagogical processes shaping undergraduate students' experiences within the research site; (3) Critical and Cultural Studies of Science and Technology illuminate the analysis of the complex interactions and practices constructed within the laboratory. In order to understand the educational processes shaping the experiences of undergraduate students engaged in research activities, I conducted a qualitative investigation based on participant-observation and in-depth interviews in an American and a Brazilian laboratories. The two sites constituted insightful case studies that illuminated the understanding of inquires about the training of students in science. In addition, the study of two countries enriched the research inquiry, adding to the findings reflections on the ways differences in national contexts affects scientific training and scientific practices. Mainly, this qualitative research of students in laboratories offers some concrete recommendations and illuminating reflections for science educators, science policy makers, and for those working in the understanding of science epistemologies.

Pascoa, Maria Beatriz Amorim

100

QUALITATIVE METHODOLOGY FOR REHABILITATION RESEARCH 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research methodology focuses on individuals' lived experiences as they are presented in thoughts, ideas, feelings, attitudes and perceptions. In addition, the research approach emphasizes human behaviour and social inter- action. It explores the quality of a phenomenon, not the quantity. This article outlines the major characteristics of qualitative research methodology and gives applications and examples. The aim of qualitative

Ann Ohman

2005-01-01

101

CONFRONTING THE ETHICS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we question the “ethicism” that often permeates the discourse on qualitative research, that is, the implicit idea that qualitative research is ethically good in itself, or at least ethically superior to the uncaring quantitative approaches. In order to throw light on the ethics of qualitative interviews in contemporary consumer societywhat has also been called “the interview society”we

SVEND BRINKMANN; STEINAR KVALE

2005-01-01

102

Study Design in Qualitative Research1: Developing Questions and Assessing Resource Needs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is the second in a series of four papers on understanding and doing qualitative research (Frankel & Devers (2000) Qualitative research: a consumer's guide, Education for Health, 13, 113-123; Devers & Frankel (2000) Study design in qualitative research—2: sampling and data collection strategies, Education for Health, 13, 263-271). Here, we focus on problems of study design, including question develop-

RICHARD M. FRANKEL; KELLY J. DEVERS

2000-01-01

103

Higher Education Leadership Competencies: Quantitatively Refining a Qualitative Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article highlights exploratory research in which a qualitative higher education leadership competencies model is refined through quantitative methods. Three groups of higher education leaders identify important competencies necessary for effective leadership. A survey was administered and analyzed. Five competency categories emerged: analytical, communication, student affairs, behavioral, and external relations.

Zachary A. Smith; Mimi Wolverton

2010-01-01

104

Publishing Qualitative Research in Counseling Journals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the essential elements to be included when developing a qualitative study and preparing the findings for publication. Using the sections typically found in a qualitative article, the author describes content relevant to each section, with additional suggestions for publishing qualitative research.|

Hunt, Brandon

2011-01-01

105

Conducting Qualitative Research in Community Colleges with Sensitivity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|States that community colleges must pay attention to the multiethnic environments in which they exist. Presents an annotated bibliography that offers perspectives on diversity in education and research, which may help practitioners and researchers to understand how to conduct qualitative research sensitive to the cultures of their subjects.…

Peterman, Dana S.

2002-01-01

106

Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Research in Organizations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper first identifies the differing assumptions and perspectives of management practitioners, qualitative researchers, and quantitative researchers. Special attention is given to the question of 'research for what', and 'what should the output of re...

T. R. V. Davis F. Luthans

1981-01-01

107

Understanding Qualitative Research: A School Nurse Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

More school nurses are engaging in the generation of research, and their studies increasingly are using qualitative methods to describe various areas of practice. This article provides an overview of 4 major qualitative methods: ethnography, phenomenology, grounded theory, and historical research. Examples of school nursing research studies that…

Broussard, Lisa

2006-01-01

108

The ethics of qualitative nursing research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nurse researchers conducting qualitative studies need to be acutely aware of the unique ways ethics, both nursing and research ethics, affect all phases of the qualitative research process. Decisions about what to study, which persons will be asked to participate, what methodology will be used, how to achieve truly informed consent, when to terminate or interrupt interviews, when to probe

Lois R. Robley

1995-01-01

109

The Ethics of Qualitative Nursing Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nurse researchers conducting qualitative studies need to be acutely aware of the unique ways ethics, both nursing and research ethics, affect all phases of the qualitative research process. Decisions about what to study, which persons will be asked to partic- ipate, what methodology will be used, how to achieve truly informed consent, when to terminate or interrupt interviews, when to

R. ROBLEY

110

Understanding Qualitative Research: A School Nurse Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|More school nurses are engaging in the generation of research, and their studies increasingly are using qualitative methods to describe various areas of practice. This article provides an overview of 4 major qualitative methods: ethnography, phenomenology, grounded theory, and historical research. Examples of school nursing research studies that…

Broussard, Lisa

2006-01-01

111

Strategically Reviewing the Research Literature in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviewing literature in qualitative research can be challenging in terms of why, when, where, and how we should access third-party sources in our work, especially for novice qualitative researchers. As a pragmatic solution, we suggest qualitative researchers utilize research literature in four functional ways: (a) define the phenomenon in…

Chenail, Ronald J.; Cooper, Robin; Desir, Charlene

2010-01-01

112

Strategically Reviewing the Research Literature in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviewing literature in qualitative research can be challenging in terms of why, when, where, and how we should access third-party sources in our work, especially for novice qualitative researchers. As a pragmatic solution, we suggest qualitative researchers utilize research literature in four functional ways: (a) define the phenomenon in…

Chenail, Ronald J.; Cooper, Robin; Desir, Charlene

2010-01-01

113

Reducing AIDS and other STDs among inner-city Hispanics: the use of qualitative research in the development of video-based patient education.  

PubMed

We report on the use of qualitative research in the design of video-based interventions aimed at reducing AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among inner-city Hispanics. Focus groups, personal interviews, and clinic observations were conducted in the South Bronx and Queens, New York, to inform the development of culturally sensitive video-based materials for improving prevention education provided at inner-city STD clinics. Findings elucidate culturally defined gender roles and responsibilities regarding the introduction of condom use into primary and nonprimary relationships, as well as other norms, attitudes, and behaviors reducing the effectiveness of current AIDS and other STD prevention efforts. Too often, educational materials--including an increasing number of videos--are based on untested assumptions about what information should be provided rather than adequate formative research. One reason may be that the literature contains few accounts of how the empirical evidence obtained through such research can be translated into theoretically sound interventions. This paper explicates such a process. PMID:7517155

O'Donnell, L; San Doval, A; Vornfett, R; DeJong, W

1994-04-01

114

Qualitative methods in environmental health research.  

PubMed Central

Public health researchers increasingly turn to qualitative methods either on their own or in combination with quantitative methods. Qualitative methods are especially important to community environmental health research, as they provide a way to produce community narratives that give voice to individuals and characterize the community in a full and complex fashion. This article first traces the legacy of qualitative research in environmental health, then uses a case study of the author's experiences studying the Woburn, Massachusetts, childhood leukemia cluster to provide personal and scholarly insights on qualitative approaches. That material then informs a discussion of important components of qualitative methods in environmental health research, including flexible study design, access, trust, empathy, and personal shifts in the researcher's worldview, bias, and the nature of the researcher's roles. A concluding discussion addresses issues in funding policy and research practices.

Brown, Phil

2003-01-01

115

Ethical issues in qualitative nursing research.  

PubMed

This article is concerned with ethical issues that have to be considered when undertaking qualitative research. Some of the issues--such as informed consent, the dignity and privacy of the research subjects, voluntary participation and protection from harm--are the same as in other types of research and have their basis in moral and ethical principles. Qualitative research, however, generates specific ethical problems because of the close relationship that researchers form with participants. Qualitative research with patients is especially difficult because of their vulnerability and lack of power in the clinical situation. Therefore the potential conflict between the dual role of the nurse--the professional and the research roles--has to be solved. Researchers also learn how to cope with the tension of subjective and objective elements of the research. Nurses who attempt qualitative research have to consider a variety of complex ethical issues, which are addressed in this paper. PMID:7583428

Holloway, I; Wheeler, S

1995-09-01

116

Is Qualitative Research Second Class Science? A Quantitative Longitudinal Examination of Qualitative Research in Medical Journals  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative research appears to be gaining acceptability in medical journals. Yet, little is actually known about the proportion of qualitative research and factors affecting its publication. This study describes the proportion of qualitative research over a 10 year period and correlates associated with its publication. Design A quantitative longitudinal examination of the proportion of original qualitative research in 67 journals of general medicine during a 10 year period (1998–2007). The proportion of qualitative research was determined by dividing original qualitative studies published (numerator) by all original research articles published (denominator). We used a generalized estimating equations approach to assess the longitudinal association between the proportion of qualitative studies and independent variables (i.e. journals' country of publication and impact factor; editorial/methodological papers discussing qualitative research; and specific journal guidelines pertaining to qualitative research). Findings A 2.9% absolute increase and 3.4-fold relative increase in qualitative research publications occurred over a 10 year period (1.2% in 1998 vs. 4.1% in 2007). The proportion of original qualitative research was independently and significantly associated with the publication of editorial/methodological papers in the journal (b?=?3.688, P?=?0.012); and with qualitative research specifically mentioned in guidelines for authors (b?=?6.847, P<0.001). Additionally, a higher proportion of qualitative research was associated only with journals published in the UK in comparison to other countries, yet with borderline statistical significance (b?=?1.776, P?=?0.075). The journals' impact factor was not associated with the publication of qualitative research. Conclusions Despite an increase in the proportion of qualitative research in medical journals over a 10 year period, the proportion remains low. Journals' policies pertaining to qualitative research, as expressed by the appearance of specific guidelines and editorials/methodological papers on the subject, are independently associated with the publication of original qualitative research; irrespective of the journals' impact factor.

Shuval, Kerem; Harker, Karen; Roudsari, Bahman; Groce, Nora E.; Mills, Britain; Siddiqi, Zoveen; Shachak, Aviv

2011-01-01

117

Protecting Respondent Confidentiality in Qualitative Research  

PubMed Central

For qualitative researchers, maintaining respondent confidentiality while presenting rich, detailed accounts of social life presents unique challenges. These challenges are not adequately addressed in the literature on research ethics and research methods. Using an example from a study of breast cancer survivors, I argue that by carefully considering the audience for one’s research and by re-envisioning the informed consent process, qualitative researchers can avoid confidentiality dilemmas that might otherwise lead them not to report rich, detailed data.

Kaiser, Karen

2009-01-01

118

Ten Standard Responses to Qualitative Research Interviews.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative research evokes rather stereotyped responses from the mainstream of social science. The following 10 standardized responses to the stimulus "qualitative research interview" (QRI) are discussed: (1) it is not scientific, only common sense; (2) it is not objective, but subjective; (3) it is not trustworthy, but biased; (4) it is not…

Kvale, Steinar

119

Effect Sizes in Qualitative Research: A Prolegomenon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The American Psychological Association Task Force recommended that researchers always report and interpret effect sizes for quantitative data. However, no such recommendation was made for qualitative data. Thus, the first objective of the present paper is to provide a rationale for reporting and interpreting effect sizes in qualitative research. Arguments are presented that effect sizes enhance the process of verstehen\\/hermeneutics

Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie

2003-01-01

120

Theory and evidence in qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article identifies and explores some unresolved problems surrounding the role of theory and evidence in qualitative research. It begins by distinguishing among various meanings of the term ‘theory’, focusing in particular on the view that portrays it as consisting of specific explanatory principles. An ambivalence towards theory on the part of qualitative researchers is highlighted, showing how the influence

Martyn Hammersley

1995-01-01

121

Getting Specific about Qualitative Research Generalizability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The question of generalizability or the usefulness of qualitative research results beyond the confines of the primary site, sample, and study has been hotly debated by qualitative researchers for decades. When examining this question of generalization the first surprising finding is there appears to be no general consensus about the definition,…

Chenail, Ronald J.

2010-01-01

122

Qualitative Research in Counseling Psychology: Conceptual Foundations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Beginning with calls for methodological diversity in counseling psychology, this article addresses the history and current state of qualitative research in counseling psychology. It identifies the historical and disciplinary origins as well as basic assumptions and underpinnings of qualitative research in general, as well as within counseling…

Morrow, Susan L.

2007-01-01

123

The Landscape of Qualitative Research. Third Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book, the first volume of the paperback versions of the "The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Research, Third Edition," takes a look at the field from a broadly theoretical perspective, and is composed of the Handbook's Parts I ("Locating the Field"), II ("Major Paradigms and Perspectives"), and VI ("The Future of Qualitative Research"). "The…

Denzin, Norman K., Ed.; Lincoln, Yvonna, Ed.

2007-01-01

124

Generic qualitative research: a design for qualitative research in emergency care?  

PubMed Central

The frequency of qualitative studies in the Emergency Medicine Journal, while still low, has increased over the last few years. All take a generic approach and rarely conform to established qualitative approaches such as phenomenology, ethnography and grounded theory. This generic approach is no doubt selected for pragmatic reasons but can be weakened by a lack of rigor and understanding of qualitative research. This paper explores qualitative approaches and then focuses on “best practice” for generic qualitative research.

Cooper, S; Endacott, R

2007-01-01

125

Is Qualitative Research Second Class Science? A Quantitative Longitudinal Examination of Qualitative Research in Medical Journals  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundQualitative research appears to be gaining acceptability in medical journals. Yet, little is actually known about the proportion of qualitative research and factors affecting its publication. This study describes the proportion of qualitative research over a 10 year period and correlates associated with its publication.DesignA quantitative longitudinal examination of the proportion of original qualitative research in 67 journals of general

Kerem Shuval; Karen Harker; Bahman Roudsari; Nora E. Groce; Britain Mills; Zoveen Siddiqi; Aviv Shachak; Lise Lotte Gluud

2011-01-01

126

A Guide to Planning Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Research in psychiatry overwhelmingly relies on quantitative methodology. However, qualitative research may be an invaluable tool in psychiatry. Its potential under utilisation is multi factorial: it is still regarded by some as a \\

Rebecca J. Syed

2006-01-01

127

Qualitative Teacher Research and the Complexity of Classroom Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses how the underlying assumptions and practices of teacher research position it as a distinct form of educational inquiry, and identifies qualitative methodology as a central influence on the work. A discussion of some of the common conceptualizations and processes of PK-12 teacher research, the complex yet continually changing…

Klehr, Mary

2012-01-01

128

Standards for Qualitative (And Quantitative) Research: A Prolegomenon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proliferation of qualitative methods in educational research has !ed to considerable controversy about standards for the design and conduct of research. Thzs controversy has been playing itself out over the last several decades largely in terms of the quantitative- qualitatzve debate. In this paper we argue that framzng the issue of standards m terms of quantztative-quahtatzve debate zs mzsguided.

Kenneth Howe; Margaret Eisenhart

1990-01-01

129

Qualitative Research? Quantitative Research? What's the Problem? Resolving the Dilemma via a Postconstructivist Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|It is argued that the debate between qualitative and quantitative research for educational researchers is actually an argument between constructivism and positivism. Positivism has been the basis for most quantitative research in education. Two different things are actually meant when constructivism is discussed (constructivism and…

Shank, Gary

130

Causality in qualitative and quantitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

We are flooded with a wave of writings on causality in the social sciences during the last decades. The same holds for the\\u000a relationship between quantitative and qualitative research in the social sciences. An enormous amount of texts appears on\\u000a (causality in) qualitative research, mostly in a controversy with quantitative research. These writings induced us to develop\\u000a the thesis of

Jacques Tacq

2011-01-01

131

Qualitative Inquiry in Clinical and Educational Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This highly readable text demystifies the qualitative research process--and helps readers conceptualize their own studies--by organizing the different research paradigms and traditions into coherent clusters. Real-world examples and firsthand perspectives illustrate the research process; instructive exercises and activities build on each other so…

Hays, Danica G.; Singh, Anneliese A.

2011-01-01

132

Qualitative Inquiry in Clinical and Educational Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This highly readable text demystifies the qualitative research process--and helps readers conceptualize their own studies--by organizing the different research paradigms and traditions into coherent clusters. Real-world examples and firsthand perspectives illustrate the research process; instructive exercises and activities build on each other so…

Hays, Danica G.; Singh, Anneliese A.

2011-01-01

133

Qualitative Research Designs: Selection and Implementation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Counseling psychologists face many approaches from which to choose when they conduct a qualitative research study. This article focuses on the processes of selecting, contrasting, and implementing five different qualitative approaches. Based on an extended example related to test interpretation by counselors, clients, and communities, this article…

Creswell, John W.; Hanson, William E.; Plano Clark, Vicki L.; Morales, Alejandro

2007-01-01

134

Qualitative Clinical Research with Children and Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an overview of how qualitative research methods (QRMs) can augment the literature in child and adolescent clinical psychology by contributing to theory and hypothesis building. We discuss the utility of qualitative methods in examining the nature of clinical processes and obtaining deeper understandings about quantitative…

Nelson, Mary Lee; Quintana, Stephen M.

2005-01-01

135

Values in Qualitative and Quantitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors identify the philosophical underpinnings and value-ladenness of major research paradigms. They argue that useful and meaningful research findings for counseling can be generated from both qualitative and quantitative research methodologies, provided that the researcher has an appreciation of the importance of philosophical coherence in…

Duffy, Maureen; Chenail, Ronald J.

2008-01-01

136

Learning the Concept of Researcher as Instrument in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors describe the process whereby a student with a background in economics was guided to understand the central role in qualitative research of the researcher as instrument. The instructor designed a three-part mock research project designed to provide experiential knowledge of the enterprise of qualitative research. Students, as neophyte…

Xu, Mengxuan Annie; Storr, Gail Blair

2012-01-01

137

Qualitative research is evidence, too  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the current emphasis on accountability for outcomes and the need for objective evaluation of efficacy of interventions, physiotherapists are increasingly using evidence from research as a source of information to support clinical decision making. The concept of evidence- based practice has been adopted widely in physiotherapy with much work devoted to encouraging the transfer of research results into clinical

Lesley Wiart; Susan Burwash

2007-01-01

138

Teaching Practice in Safety Education: Qualitative Evidence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although health, safety and risk education for school pupils has received growing attention in recent years, for the most part related education programmes and research aimed at assessing those programmes have focused on health education, with relatively little attention paid to the array of immediate safety risks that are confronting pupils…

Shearn, Peter

2006-01-01

139

`Quantitative' and `Qualitative' Research: An Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely believed that there is a clear distinction between `quantitative' and `qualitative' research, and these embedded or institutionalised terms profoundly affect the practice of such research. In this article the clarity and\\/or usefulness of the distinction is challenged together with the whole idea that there are given `methodologies' for research. Almost everything turns on conceptual clarity in relation

John B. Wilson; Samuel M. Natale

2001-01-01

140

Understanding Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of reliability and validity are common in quantitative research and now it is reconsidered in the qualitative research paradigm. Since reliability and validity are rooted in positivist perspective then they should be redefined for their use in a naturalistic approach. Like reliability and validity as used in quantitative research are providing springboard to examine what these two terms

Nahid Golafshani

2003-01-01

141

Barriers to Integrating Quantitative and Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is concerned with the possibility that the development of mixed methods research is being hindered by the tendency that has been observed by some researchers for quantita- tive and qualitative findings either not to be integrated or to be integrated to only a limited extent. It examines findings from 20 interviews with U.K. social researchers, all of whom

Alan Bryman

2007-01-01

142

Building Interdisciplinary Qualitative Research Networks: Reflections on Qualitative Research Group (QRG) at the University of Manitoba  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As qualitative research methodologies continue to evolve and develop, both students and experienced researchers are showing greater interest in learning about and developing new approaches. To meet this need, faculty at the University of Manitoba created the Qualitative Research Group (QRG), a community of practice that utilizes experiential…

Roger, Kerstin Stieber; Halas, Gayle

2012-01-01

143

Culturally Competent Qualitative Research with Latino Immigrants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides recommendations for conducting culturally competent qualitative research with Latino immigrants, a historically exploited group that represents more than half of all U.S. immigrants and is continuously growing. Limited research exists on Latino immigrants despite their large presence in the United States. The authors draw…

Ojeda, Lizette; Flores, Lisa Y.; Meza, Rocio Rosales; Morales, Alejandro

2011-01-01

144

Culturally Competent Qualitative Research with Latino Immigrants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides recommendations for conducting culturally competent qualitative research with Latino immigrants, a historically exploited group that represents more than half of all U.S. immigrants and is continuously growing. Limited research exists on Latino immigrants despite their large presence in the United States. The authors draw…

Ojeda, Lizette; Flores, Lisa Y.; Meza, Rocio Rosales; Morales, Alejandro

2011-01-01

145

Issues and Research in Special Education. Volume 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This compilation presents five papers on issues and research in special education. "Qualitative Research in Special Education: An Evaluative Review" (Charles A. Peck and Gail C. Furman) explicates some of the epistemological assumptions underlying qualitative research methods, reviews examples of qualitative research, evaluates the contributions…

Gaylord-Ross, Robert, Ed.

146

Generalization practices in qualitative research: a mixed methods case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this mixed methods case study was to examine the generalization practices in qualitative research published\\u000a in a reputable qualitative journal. In order to accomplish this, all qualitative research articles published in Qualitative Report since its inception in 1990 (n =  273) were examined. A quantitative analysis of the all 125 empirical qualitative research articles revealed that a

Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie; Nancy L. Leech

2010-01-01

147

Alternative quality standards in qualitative research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative researchers often use other principles for judging the quality of their study than quantitative researchers. This\\u000a inhibits a straightforward assessment of the quality and comparability of different types of studies, as well as decision-making\\u000a about their usefulness for further research and practice. In this article, we question the use of alternative criteria, and\\u000a argue for one coherent and inclusive

C. L. Poortman; K. Schildkamp

148

How to Conduct a Qualitative Program Evaluation in the Light of Eisner's Educational Connoisseurship and Criticism Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The quantitative methodologies have been traditionally employed in the educational research so far. However, as long as with the appreciation and widespread use of the qualitative methodologies in many disciplines, many different educational areas have started to be examined in terms of qualitative research aspects. Particularly, the qualitative

Yuksel, Ismail

2010-01-01

149

Facilitating Coherence across Qualitative Research Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Bringing the various elements of qualitative research papers into coherent textual patterns presents challenges for authors and editors alike. Although individual sections such as presentation of the problem, review of the literature, methodology, results, and discussion may each be constructed in a sound logical and structural sense, the…

Chenail, Ronald J.; Duffy, Maureen; St. George, Sally; Wulff, Dan

2011-01-01

150

Recognising deductive processes in qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

States that there are two general approaches to reasoning which may result in the acquisition of new knowledge: inductive reasoning commences with observation of specific instances, and seeks to establish generalisations; deductive reasoning commences with generalisations, and seeks to see if these generalisations apply to specific instances. Most often, qualitative research follows an inductive process. In most instances, however, theory

Kenneth F. Hyde

2000-01-01

151

Health Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Publishing original, refereed papers, Health Education Research deals with all the vital issues involved in health education and promotion worldwide - providing a valuable link between the researcher and the results obtained by practising health educators and communicators."

152

Becoming a scientist: A qualitative study of the educational experience of undergraduates working in an American and a Brazilian research laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because the production of scientific and technological innovations has been at the center of debates for economic growth, scientists are recognized as important actors in the current global market. In this study, I will examine the undergraduate education of future scientists by focusing on students working in research projects of faculty members. This research activity has been promoted by American

Maria Beatriz Amorim Pascoa

2002-01-01

153

Re-Examining the Nature of Researcher-Participant Relationships in Qualitative Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A qualitative research conversation needs to include a critical examination of a study's relational dimension. Excerpts are presented from two doctoral dissertations that discuss the nature of the researcher-participant relationships formed through the studies. The first dissertation, "Beyond the Yellow Brick Road: Educational Portraits of…

Busier, Holly-Lynn; Pigeon, Yvette

154

Using Qualitative Research to Bridge Research, Policy, and Practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Too often, researchers get a bad name for engaging in inquiry that is inaccessible to the practitioner and policy communities who could most benefit from it. Although speaking to others in the scholarly community is important, researchers must also be able to translate their results into more accessible language for multiple audiences. This article suggests that qualitative research offers a

Margaret W. Sallee; Julee T. Flood

2012-01-01

155

Qualitative Methods in Drug Abuse and HIV Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Partial Contents: Qualitative Research Methods in Drug and AIDS Prevention Research: An Overview; The Role of Qualitative Research in the Global Program on AIDS at the World Health Organization; Drug Use, AIDS, and Ethnography: Advanced Enthongraphic Rese...

E. Y. Lambert R. H. Needle R. S. Ashery

1995-01-01

156

Asking, Witnessing, Interpreting, Knowing: Conducting Qualitative Research in Community Psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a framework to describe the process of conducting community-based qualitative research. Qualitative research activities are presented as a series of interrelated acts called asking, witnessing, interpreting, and knowing. Each act in the research process is described in terms of current qualitative research practices, and illustrated with examples from our own research projects on families with schizophrenia and men's

Catherine H. Stein; Eric S. Mankowski

2004-01-01

157

Conducting Qualitative Research: A Practical Guide for School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses the concept of school counselor as researcher. Qualitative research is defined, explained, and differentiated from quantitative research. School counselor questions that lend themselves to qualitative research are explored. The article also discusses the steps of qualitative research in depth, including developing…

Farber, Nancy K.

2006-01-01

158

Qualitative research in sport and exercise psychology: observations of a non-qualitative researcher  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors of articles examining quantitative and qualitative research frequently highlight and over-emphasise the differences in these two research paradigms. Differences are typically portrayed as dichotomous vs. differences in emphasis or degree. Additionally, similarities and shared middle ground are often ignored. The above perspective can lead to incomplete, inaccurate and misleading reviews on both types of research. Furthermore, the above

Jeffrey J. Martin

2011-01-01

159

Educational Neuroscience: New Horizons for Research in Mathematics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines an initiative in mathematics education research that aims to augment qualitative methods of research into mathematical cognition and learning with quantitative methods of psychometrics and psychophysiology. Background and motivation are provided for this initiative, which is coming to be referred to as educational neuroscience.…

Campbell, Stephen R.

2006-01-01

160

Assumptions underlying quantitative and qualitative research: Implications for institutional research  

Microsoft Academic Search

For institutional researchers, the choice to use a quantitative or qualitative approach to research is dictated by time, money, resources, and staff. Frequently, the choice to use one or the other approach is made at the method level. Choices made at this level generally have rigor, but ignore the underlying philosophical assumptions structuring beliefs about methodology, knowledge, and reality. When

Russel S. Hathaway

1995-01-01

161

Nuance, Complexity, and Context: Qualitative Methods in Genetic Counseling Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Because of its potential for capturing complexity and process and its focus on communicating the meaning in human action, qualitative research is rapidly gaining acceptance in a wide variety of disciplines. Various qualitative approaches to research support its potential usefulness in genetic counseling research. Formulation of research questions and selection of appropriate qualitative methods are the first step. Interviewing, narrative

Diane Beeson

1997-01-01

162

Examining factors associated with intrinsic motivation in physical education: a qualitative approach 1 1 This study was funded by a research grant from the Research Committee of the University of Thessaly (code 2603)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To provide further information regarding factors associated with students’ intrinsic motivation in physical education using a qualitative approach.Design and Methods. Sixteen in-depth interviews were conducted with secondary physical education students who were selected from a pool of 254 students on the basis of their score on relevant questionnaires.Results. Analyses of interview transcripts revealed that factors associated with intrinsic motivation

Maria Hassandra; Marios Goudas; Stiliani Chroni

2003-01-01

163

Researching Values in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers methodological issues that arise when values form the main focus of empirical educational research. Includes discussion of the idea that social science, in general, and educational research, in particular, are forms of moral inquiry. Outlines a methodology of educational research, drawing from work by Imre Lakatos, Alasdair MacIntyre,…

Halliday, John

2002-01-01

164

Researching Values in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Considers methodological issues that arise when values form the main focus of empirical educational research. Includes discussion of the idea that social science, in general, and educational research, in particular, are forms of moral inquiry. Outlines a methodology of educational research, drawing from work by Imre Lakatos, Alasdair MacIntyre,…

Halliday, John

2002-01-01

165

Myths in educational research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Educational innovation research has been strongly influenced by research in other disciplines, in particular, rural, industrial and medical sociology. The resulting methodology and generalizations have often been wrongly applied to education with resulting distortions about the nature of innovators, the dissemination and the adoption of innovation in education. Research on the dissemination and adoption of new curriculum projects in British

R. B. Nicodemus

1977-01-01

166

New Trends in Swedish Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What new tendencies can be made out in Swedish educational research in the last three decades? Briefly, the following developments are described: In the 1970s, a long-prevailing emphasis on quantitative research was challenged by a number of different qualitative methods. Traditional sociology of education, meanwhile, was challenged by the new…

Englund, Tomas

2006-01-01

167

THE FOCUS GROUP A QUALITATIVE RESEARCH METHOD  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The Focus Group ( FG) has been actually employed by marketing, and is becoming importanct also in other areas; such as, education, health, management, decision-making, and information systems, among others. Depending on the research objective, the Focus Groupcan be used alone or in conjunction with other methods. The results obtained from the FGapplication are particularly effective in supplying information

Henrique Freitas; Mírian Oliveira; Civil Engineer; Milton Jenkins; Oveta Popjoy

168

Facilitating research students in formulating qualitative research questions.  

PubMed

One of the initial and challenging processes that research students and students undertaking research modules encounter is the formation or appraisal of the research question. Research questions acquire significance as the rigor and validity of the research project rests on the extent to which the conclusions of the study have answered the research question. For qualitative studies the research question acquires even greater significance since the notions of audit trail, which commences from the research question is considered as an indication of a valid or not research. Hence, the formation of a qualitative research question requires to be based on a framework as to have specific content, coherence and structure. The content takes the form of a declarative statement that provides focus on a specific issue, but at the same time allows enough flexibility as for variables to emerge from the data. The coherence should smoothly bridge the philosophical/theoretical propositions of the qualitative paradigms with the practical execution of the study and this is achieved by the use of specific verbs, nouns and phrases. Lastly, the structure needs to adequately answer to the who, when, where, what, how and why of the study. PMID:17714834

Mantzoukas, Stefanos

2007-08-21

169

7 AUTOMATING THE INEFFABLE: Qualitative software and the meaning of qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computers have been used for half a century in research using textual data but the introduction of software to support qualitative analysis has proven controversial in a way that it never was in the field of content analysis. To understand this controversy, and its implications for qualitative research, we begin with a description of qualitative software. We note that for

Nigel G. Fielding

170

Confirmation and qualitative evidence-instances: justifying the use of qualitative research methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is a preliminary attempt in outlining the directions for a new approach in confirming qualitative research findings. The basic argument is that traditional Confirmation Theory may be applied to establish a firmer epistemological foundation for the acceptance of hypotheses within qualitative-ethnographic research. While all aspects of Confirmation Theory are not applicable to the qualitative case, because the probability

Steven I. Miller

1990-01-01

171

Critical Issues in the Funding of Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qualitative research has moved from the margins to the mainstream in many domains of scholarship. Yet, biases against how qualitative methods can best address important research questions still persist. The present article provides reflections regarding my experiences of proposing and reviewing both qualitative and quantitative research grants…

Bourgeault, Ivy Lynn

2012-01-01

172

Qualitative Research: Its Value and Role in Policymaking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This Policy Research Brief explores the strengths of qualitative research and the types of information it can make available to policymakers concerned with issues affecting persons with disabilities. The naturalistic methodology employed in qualitative research is described. Three specific studies using qualitative methodology are excerpted and…

Policy Research Brief, 1991

1991-01-01

173

Research Visibility: Vocational Education Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 16 reviews of vocational education research are organized under these topics: (1) Human Potential and Human Resources, which reports a teacher institute to develop human potential, a leadership development study, and the labor market experience of men aged 45-59, (2) Reports of Voc-Tec Centers, including the Center for Occupational Education

Brandon, George L., Ed.

1971-01-01

174

Study design in qualitative research--1: Developing questions and assessing resource needs.  

PubMed

This is the second in a series of four papers on understanding and doing qualitative research [Frankel & Devers (2000) Qualitative research: a consumer's guide, Education for Health, 13, 113-123; Devers & Frankel (2000) Study design in qualitative research--2: sampling and data collection strategies, Education for Health, 13, 263-271]. Here, we focus on problems of study design, including question development, literature review, identifying a target audience and resource needs assessment. We provide a step-by-step description of major issues and choice points in the process. There are three key differences between qualitative and quantitative research designs. First, the logic of qualitative research is often inductive, rather than deductive, and consists of describing people's and groups' particular situations, meanings and experiences. Second, qualitative research designs are often emergent and flexible, and the research itself is quite dynamic. Third, the qualitative research process is non-linear and non-sequential. There is agreement that good qualitative studies answer clearly stated, important research questions. How qualitative research questions are formulated has implications for conducting a literature review. Some scholars believe that literature should be reviewed prior to beginning a study; others argue that this may impede the researcher from truly listening, observing and remaining open to new concepts and ideas. We offer suggestions about formulating research questions and how and when to conduct a literature review. Another important issue in conducting qualitative research is determining the resources that will be needed to conduct a study. These include internal resources, such as research skills, and external resources, such as personnel (expertise and time), equipment, supplies and travel. A description of typical resource and management issues in conducting a qualitative research study is included. PMID:14742087

Frankel, R M; Devers, K J

2000-01-01

175

Qualitative Research, Semiotics, North Beach, South of Markey, Jack London, and the Grateful Dead.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Looks at educational research from a macro perspective, advocating semiotics as the foundation for qualitative research in education. Presents myths and disputations and an open-ended conclusion via the kaleidoscopic interpretations of Jack London, Phil Dick, Jack Kerouac, the Grateful Dead, and an assortment of street characters. (Author/VWL)|

Shank, Gary

1999-01-01

176

Qualitative research in psychology: Could William James get a job?  

PubMed

Considering the case of William James, the author examines the likelihood of a successful career as a qualitative researcher in contemporary U.S. psychology. Fifty-seven journals affiliated with the American Psychological Association or its divisions were analyzed to show the place of qualitative research in U.S. psychology over the past 50 years. Journal abstracts, mission statements, and a short e-mail questionnaire from editors were used to understand patterns and trends in qualitative research in U.S. psychology. Editors are generally accepting of qualitative work, although mission statements do not always signal likely interest in qualitative work. The amount of qualitative work published is comparably low, but patterns of increased publication are found in some journals. Trends in methodologies, topics of research, and ways in which qualitative research enters journals over time are discussed. Suggestions for the publication of qualitative work are provided. PMID:18348429

Marchel, Carol; Owens, Stephanie

2007-11-01

177

Discovery of Substantive Theory: A Basic Strategy Underlying Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors contend that qualitative research should be scrutinized for its usefulness in the discovery of substantive theory. They try to present generic elements of the process of generating substantive theory from qualitative data, and consider how the researcher collects and analyzes qualitative data, max imizes the theory's credibility, puts trust in his theory, and conveys the theory to others.

Barney G. Glaser; Anselm L. Strauss

1965-01-01

178

Positioning qualitative market research: reflections from theory and practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses a number of important issues pertaining to the domain of qualitative market research. Attempts to define what qualitative research is about and discuss some of the difficulties involved in coming up with a clear definition of the qualitative paradigm. Suggests a number of issues relating to theory and practice that warrant the existence of a new journal devoted specifically

Ko de Ruyter; Norbert Scholl

1998-01-01

179

On Improving Qualitative Methods in Public Administration Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

What do exemplary qualitative accounts look like, and how do they convince readers of their correctness? What sort of standards can be used to assess qualitative research accounts for public administration? To address these questions, the authors examined 72 recent qualitative research journal articles. Proceeding from a set of preliminary guidelines, they worked iteratively between articles and the emergent template

Ralph S. Brower; Mitchel Y. Abolafia; Jered B. Carr

2000-01-01

180

Research in Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent music education research is reviewed. Topics covered include teaching and learning, development and maturation, training, attitudes, perception and psychoacoustics, automated learning, creativity, and psychological theory. Questions for future research are suggested. Journal available from Council for Research in Music Education, School of…

Leonhard, Charles; Colwell, Richard J.

1976-01-01

181

When Education Research Matters  

Microsoft Academic Search

The tangled relationship between education research and policy has received little serious scrutiny, even as paeans to “scientifically\\u000a based research” and “evidence-based practice” have become a staple of education policymaking in recent years. For all the\\u000a attention devoted to the 5-year-old Institute of Education Sciences, to No Child Left Behind’s call for “scientifically based\\u000a research,” to professional interest in data-driven

Frederick M. Hess

2008-01-01

182

Qualitative Inquiry into Local Education Administration in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The level of educational development in Pakistan is low. A decentralisation reform was introduced in 2000 to improve the delivery of basic education by designating the local government body with primary responsibility for administering it. A qualitative field study on local education administration at the North West Frontier Province found…

Komatsu, Taro

2009-01-01

183

Qualitative Inquiry into Local Education Administration in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The level of educational development in Pakistan is low. A decentralisation reform was introduced in 2000 to improve the delivery of basic education by designating the local government body with primary responsibility for administering it. A qualitative field study on local education administration at the North West Frontier Province found…

Komatsu, Taro

2009-01-01

184

Qualitative Research in Organizational and Vocational Psychology, 1979-1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes qualitative techniques and their use in industrial and vocational psychology for theory generation, elaboration, and testing. Discusses research design, data analysis, and best practices using qualitative methods. Contains 54 references. (SK)|

Lee, Thomas W.; Mitchell, Terence R.; Sablynski, Chris J.

1999-01-01

185

Distance Education Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews six papers from the Open University Distance Education Research Group which cover the following topics: the credibility of distance education, admission systems, distance methods in adult basic education, the Universidad Estatal a Distancia (Costa Rica), Radio Ecca (Canary Islands), and the Open University (Great Britain). (EAO)

Curran, Chris

1983-01-01

186

Evaluating the olympic education program: A qualitative approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted to provide further information regarding factors associated with educational evaluation, using a qualitative approach. Fifty-five interviews were carried out with school principals. The results of the present study supported the notion that the qualitative methods could provide information that quantitative procedures could not. Additionally, the findings also provided useful information for solving problems in OEP implementation

Vasilios Grammatikopoulos; Maria Hassandra; Athanasios Koustelios; Yannis Theodorakis

2005-01-01

187

Rivers' Confluence: A Qualitative Investigation into Gifted Educators' Experiences with Collaboration with School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the lack of information in either the school counseling or the gifted education fields on how school counselors and educators of the gifted work together, research into how individuals from both professions collaborate to serve gifted students and their families becomes important. The purpose of this phenomenological qualitative study was to…

Wood, Susannah M.

2012-01-01

188

Conducting Educational Design Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational design research blends scientific investigation with systematic development and implementation of solutions to educational problems. Empirical investigation is conducted in real learning settings--not laboratories--to craft usable and effective solutions. At the same time, the research is carefully structured to produce theoretical…

McKenney, Susan; Reeves, Thomas

2012-01-01

189

Conducting Educational Design Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational design research blends scientific investigation with systematic development and implementation of solutions to educational problems. Empirical investigation is conducted in real learning settings--not laboratories--to craft usable and effective solutions. At the same time, the research is carefully structured to produce theoretical…

McKenney, Susan; Reeves, Thomas

2012-01-01

190

An Exemplar for Teaching and Learning Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, we outline a course wherein the instructors teach students how to conduct rigorous qualitative research. We discuss the four major distinct, but overlapping, phases of the course: conceptual/theoretical, technical, applied, and emergent scholar. Students write several qualitative reports, called qualitative notebooks, which…

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Leech, Nancy L.; Slate, John R.; Stark, Marcella; Sharma, Bipin; Frels, Rebecca; Harris, Kristin; Combs, Julie P.

2012-01-01

191

Language barriers and qualitative nursing research: methodological considerations  

PubMed Central

Aim This review of the literature synthesizes methodological recommendations for the use of translators and interpreters in cross-language qualitative research. Background Cross-language qualitative research involves the use of interpreters and translators to mediate a language barrier between researchers and participants. Qualitative nurse researchers successfully address language barriers between themselves and their participants when they systematically plan for how they will use interpreters and translators throughout the research process. Experienced qualitative researchers recognize that translators can generate qualitative data through translation processes and by participating in data analysis. Failure to address language barriers and the methodological challenges they present threatens the credibility, transferability, dependability and confirmability of cross-language qualitative nursing research. Through a synthesis of the cross-language qualitative methods literature, this article reviews the basics of language competence, translator and interpreter qualifications, and roles for each kind of qualitative research approach. Methodological and ethical considerations are also provided. Conclusion By systematically addressing the methodological challenges cross-language research presents, nurse researchers can produce better evidence for nursing practice and policy making when working across different language groups. Findings from qualitative studies will also accurately represent the experiences of the participants without concern that the meaning was lost in translation.

Squires, A.

2009-01-01

192

Using Qualitative Research Strategies in Cross-National Projects: The English-Finnish Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Some methodological issues are discussed that arise from our comparative research conducted since the early 1990s into primary schooling in Finland and England. This research has been identified as part of a "new" comparative education that uses qualitative research strategies and which prioritises sensitivity to cultural context in data…

Vulliamy, Graham; Webb, Rosemary

2009-01-01

193

Qualitative Research in Organizational and Vocational Psychology, 1979–1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this essay, qualitative research is shown to consist of a set of methods that fits very nicely with some of the research questions asked by organizational and vocational psychologists. Because many researchers want additional tools, interest in these qualitative techniques appears to be growing. Two metagoals of this article are (a) to bolster this growing interest and (b) to

Thomas W. Lee; Terence R. Mitchell; Chris J. Sablynski

1999-01-01

194

Qualitative Research in Applied Linguistics: A Progress Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the status of qualitative research in applied linguistics and English as a Second Language (ESL), identifying trends through an informal survey of professional journals, an examination of relevant qualitative studies and research methods texts, and a presentation of the views of researcher methodologists. (88 references)…

Lazaraton, Anne

1995-01-01

195

Quality and Trustworthiness in Qualitative Research in Counseling Psychology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines concepts of the trustworthiness, or credibility, of qualitative research. Following a "researcher-as-instrument," or self-reflective, statement, the paradigmatic underpinnings of various criteria for judging the quality of qualitative research are explored, setting the stage for a discussion of more transcendent standards…

Morrow, Susan L.

2005-01-01

196

The Value of Open Source Software Tools in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In an era of global networks, researchers using qualitative methods must consider the impact of any software they use on the sharing of data and findings. In this essay, I identify researchers' main areas of concern regarding the use of qualitative software packages for research. I then examine how open source software tools, wherein the…

Greenberg, Gary

2011-01-01

197

Evaluative Criteria for Qualitative Research in Health Care: Controversies and Recommendations  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE We wanted to review and synthesize published criteria for good qualitative research and develop a cogent set of evaluative criteria. METHODS We identified published journal articles discussing criteria for rigorous research using standard search strategies then examined reference sections of relevant journal articles to identify books and book chapters on this topic. A cross-publication content analysis allowed us to identify criteria and understand the beliefs that shape them. RESULTS Seven criteria for good qualitative research emerged: (1) carrying out ethical research; (2) importance of the research; (3) clarity and coherence of the research report; (4) use of appropriate and rigorous methods; (5) importance of reflexivity or attending to researcher bias; (6) importance of establishing validity or credibility; and (7) importance of verification or reliability. General agreement was observed across publications on the first 4 quality dimensions. On the last 3, important divergent perspectives were observed in how these criteria should be applied to qualitative research, with differences based on the paradigm embraced by the authors. CONCLUSION Qualitative research is not a unified field. Most manuscript and grant reviewers are not qualitative experts and are likely to embrace a generic set of criteria rather than those relevant to the particular qualitative approach proposed or reported. Reviewers and researchers need to be aware of this tendency and educate health care researchers about the criteria appropriate for evaluating qualitative research from within the theoretical and methodological framework from which it emerges.

Cohen, Deborah J.; Crabtree, Benjamin F.

2008-01-01

198

Educational Research and Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Combining classic articles that have been key markers in recent debates with new and influential material, this book addresses the problems involved in educational research and the issues surrounding its contribution to policymaking and practice. The authors examine the diverse approaches within qualitative research and address some of the key…

Hammersley, Martyn, Ed.

2007-01-01

199

A Qualitative Student Evaluation of Group Learning in Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The importance of group learning has increased significantly in higher education in the past two decades (Houldsworth and Mathews, 2000). The primary focus of this study is to explore the feelings and experience of students regarding group work and group assessment in higher education. The study is exploratory based on a qualitative focus group…

Hassanien, Ahmed

2007-01-01

200

Educational Research and the Science of Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper argues that educational research has not created a science of education in the sense of amassing the body of knowledge, skills, and values that, once acquired, would certify a candidate as a professional teacher. Educational research has not developed a science of education due to: the rigid boundaries between disciplines, the masculinization of research and the feminization of

David Elkind

1999-01-01

201

Trends in Qualitative Research in Language Teaching since 2000  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reviews developments in qualitative research in language teaching since the year 2000, focusing on its contributions to the field and identifying issues that emerge. Its aims are to identify those areas in language teaching where qualitative research has the greatest potential and indicate what needs to be done to further improve the…

Richards, Keith

2009-01-01

202

Ethical Perspectives on Qualitative Research in Applied Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present article explores ethical issues that emerge in qualitative research conducted by applied psychologists. The utility and relevance of the Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (American Psychological Association, 2002) for qualitative research are examined. The importance of psychology's fiduciary relationship with…

Haverkamp, Beth E.

2005-01-01

203

Quantitative and qualitative research Received and interpretivist views of science  

Microsoft Academic Search

A quick search using the key word qualitative on the Canadian Family Physician website generated more than 100 qualitative research articles published in the past 3 years alone. This paper provides an overview of the history of science to help readers appreciate the basic epistemo- logical commonalities and differences between qualita- tive and quantitative approaches to research.

Shafik Dharamsi; Ian Scott

204

Views on the combination of quantitative and qualitative research approaches  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article addresses the possibility of combining quantitative and qualitative research approaches. The paradigms underlying quantitative and qualitative research (for example, positivism and postmodernism) are identified. The limitations and strengths of both approaches are highlighted, and the conclusion is reached that a combination of the two methods builds on the strengths of both. This is followed by a discussion of

Salomé Schulze

205

Generalization in quantitative and qualitative research: Myths and strategies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generalization, which is an act of reasoning that involves drawing broad inferences from particular observations, is widely-acknowledged as a quality standard in quantitative research, but is more controversial in qualitative research. The goal of most qualitative studies is not to generalize but rather to provide a rich, contextualized understanding of some aspect of human experience through the intensive study of

Denise F. Polit; Cheryl Tatano Beck

2010-01-01

206

Writing the Proposal for a Qualitative Research Methodology Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Writing the proposal for a qualitative research methodology study is a double challenge because of the emergent nature of qualitative research design and because a methodology study entails describing a process to produce a process. How the authors addressed this chal- lenge is shown in the annotated text of the grant proposal—\\

Margarete Sandelowski; Julie Barroso

2003-01-01

207

Turning Points in Qualitative Research: Tying Knots in a Handkerchief. Crossroads in Qualitative Inquiry Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The chapters of this volume traces the changes in the discipline of qualitative inquiry over the last five decades. The collection serves as a textbook for training scholars in the history and trajectory of qualitative research. The chapters of part 1, The Revolution of Representation: Feminist and Race/Ethnic Studies Discourses, are: (1)…

Lincoln, Yvonna S., Ed.; Denzin, Norman K., Ed.

208

Doing research on education for sustainable development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to describe the research preferences and differences of education for sustainable development (ESD) researchers. A model with the continuums assimilation-accommodation and adaptation-agency was applied resulting in quantitative, qualitative, theoretic and participative research orientations. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Reunamo's general model of agentive perception was used to design the 32-item questionnaire, Research for ESD so

Jyrki Reunamo; Anita Pipere

2011-01-01

209

Higher Education Research Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Founded in 1973, the Higher Education Research Institute (HERI) is located within UCLA's Graduate School of Education & Information Studies. Researchers at the HERI are interested in examining leadership development, institutional transformation, faculty performance, and educational equity. First-time visitors should check out the "Surveys" area first, as it contains information about some of their very well-known longitudinal surveys, such as the Freshmen Year Survey and the College Senior Survey. Most visitors with a general interest in higher education trends will want to look through the "Publications" section, as it contains reports on spirituality in higher education, the gender gap in colleges, and the impact of single-gender high schools on students' transition to college.

210

Higher Education Research Institute  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Based at the graduate school of Education and Information at the University of California, Los Angeles, the Higher Education Research Institute "serves as an interdisciplinary center for research, evaluation, information, policy studies, and research training in postsecondary education." It is also the home of the Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP), a national longitudinal study of the American higher education system. Established in 1966 at the American Council on Education, the CIRP is "the nation's largest and oldest empirical study of higher education, involving data on some 1,700 institutions and over 10 million students." Visitors to the site can access extensive press releases and data summaries of the latest CIRP's of incoming freshmen as well as data from surveys targeting entering students, other classes of college students, and faculty members. The CIRP Archives section offers an extensive annotated bibliography of related conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and reports. The Website also provides information to educators and administrators on ordering more targeted data drawn from specific schools and/or specific comparative profiles.

211

Blending qualitative and behavior analytic research methods to evaluate outcomes in inclusive schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following Haring's (1992) recommendation, we have utilized qualitative research techniques to assist us in designing a program of research on inclusive education which is responsive to the outcome values and priorities identified by teachers and parents. Using interviews, observations, and document analysis to follow 35 children in full inclusion classrooms over a period of two years, we have described outcomes

Ilene S. Schwartz; Debbie Staub; Chrysan Gallucci; Charles A. Peck

1995-01-01

212

Innovative Data Collection Strategies in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides an innovative meta-framework comprising strategies designed to guide qualitative data collection in the 21st century. We present a meta-framework comprising strategies for collecting data from interviews, focus groups, observations, and documents/material culture. We present a template for collecting nonverbal data during…

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Leech, Nancy L.; Collins, Kathleen M. T.

2010-01-01

213

Australian Education Journals: Quantitative and Qualitative Indicators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study that applied citation-based measurements to Australian education journals. Citations data were drawn from two sources, Web of Science and Scopus, and these data were used to calculate each journal's impact factor, "h"-index, and diffusion factor. The rankings resulting from these analyses were compared with draft…

Haddow, Gaby; Genoni, Paul

2009-01-01

214

Australian Education Journals: Quantitative and Qualitative Indicators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports on a study that applied citation-based measurements to Australian education journals. Citations data were drawn from two sources, Web of Science and Scopus, and these data were used to calculate each journal's impact factor, "h"-index, and diffusion factor. The rankings resulting from these analyses were compared with draft…

Haddow, Gaby; Genoni, Paul

2009-01-01

215

Researching Museum Educators' Perceptions of their Roles, Identity, and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents research relating to how science museum educators perceive their roles, identity, and practice. This qualitative study examines: (1) what brings museum educators to and sustains them in their profession; (2) how museum educators view their roles and work; and (3) what knowledge, skills, and attitudes museum educators

Bailey, Elsa B.

2006-01-01

216

Humanizing Adult Education Research: Five Stories from the 1930's.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taken from the author's doctoral dissertation, this award-winning monograph describes a method for humanizing educational research in adult education and provides five stories of adult education efforts in the 1930's as examples of such research. The method described suggests valuing qualitative data as much as quantitative in the field of…

Hilton, Ronald

217

Response Essay: Special Education Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This commentary reflects on findings from previous articles that reviewed trends in special education research in the United States, Norway, Botswana, Ecuador, Australia, and Turkey. It discusses the function, funding, and subject matter of special education research, on research on the education of special education teachers, and on research

McGee, Paid

2000-01-01

218

Application of Haddon's matrix in qualitative research methodology: an experience in burns epidemiology  

PubMed Central

Background Little has been done to investigate the application of injury specific qualitative research methods in the field of burn injuries. The aim of this study was to use an analytical tool (Haddon’s matrix) through qualitative research methods to better understand people’s perceptions about burn injuries. Methods This study applied Haddon’s matrix as a framework and an analytical tool for a qualitative research methodology in burn research. Both child and adult burn injury victims were enrolled into a qualitative study conducted using focus group discussion. Haddon’s matrix was used to develop an interview guide and also through the analysis phase. Results The main analysis clusters were pre-event level/human (including risky behaviors, belief and cultural factors, and knowledge and education), pre-event level/object, pre-event phase/environment and event and post-event phase (including fire control, emergency scald and burn wound management, traditional remedies, medical consultation, and severity indicators). This research gave rise to results that are possibly useful both for future injury research and for designing burn injury prevention plans. Conclusion Haddon’s matrix is applicable in a qualitative research methodology both at data collection and data analysis phases. The study using Haddon’s matrix through a qualitative research methodology yielded substantially rich information regarding burn injuries that may possibly be useful for prevention or future quantitative research.

Deljavan, Reza; Sadeghi-Bazargani, Homayoun; Fouladi, Nasrin; Arshi, Shahnam; Mohammadi, Reza

2012-01-01

219

Visual Methodology in Classroom Inquiry: Enhancing Complementary Qualitative Research Designs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the argument that combining visual methods with other qualitative research methods enhances the inherent strengths of each methodology and allows new understandings to emerge. These would otherwise remain hidden if only one method were used in isolation. In a qualitative inquiry of an elementary teacher's constructivist…

Kingsley, Joanne

2009-01-01

220

Conducting Qualitative Research on Desertification in Western Lesvos, Greece  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this article is to present some critical methodological strategies employed in a qualitative research study on local socioeconomic development and desertification in western Lesvos, Greece. Through in-depth qualitative interviews with local producers in western Lesvos, Greece, an effort was made to identify and analyze the links…

Iosifides, Theodoros; Politidis, Theodoros

2005-01-01

221

How People Interpret Healthy Eating: Contributions of Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To identify how qualitative research has contributed to understanding the ways people in developed countries interpret healthy eating. Design: Bibliographic database searches identified reports of qualitative, empirical studies published in English, peer-reviewed journals since 1995. Data Analysis: Authors coded, discussed, recoded,…

Bisogni, Carole A.; Jastran, Margaret; Seligson, Marc; Thompson, Alyssa

2012-01-01

222

How People Interpret Healthy Eating: Contributions of Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To identify how qualitative research has contributed to understanding the ways people in developed countries interpret healthy eating. Design: Bibliographic database searches identified reports of qualitative, empirical studies published in English, peer-reviewed journals since 1995. Data Analysis: Authors coded, discussed, recoded, and…

Bisogni, Carole A.; Jastran, Margaret; Seligson, Marc; Thompson, Alyssa

2012-01-01

223

After KKV: The New Methodology of Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses developments in the field of qualitative methodology since the publication of King, Keohane, and Verba's (KKV's) Designing Social Inquiry. Three areas of the new methodology are examined: (1) process tracing and causal-process observations; (2) methods using set theory and logic; and (3) strategies for combining qualitative and quantitative research. In each of these areas, the article argues,

James Mahoney

2010-01-01

224

An Uneasy Alliance: Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes the difficulties encountered in trying to combine qualitative and quantitative research methods in a study of the relationship between moral reasoning and teenage drug use. Four problems that arose in the attempt to reduce qualitative data to a quantitative format are described. These problems are: (1) making analytic sense of singular responses; (2) a mistaken logical inference

David R. Buchanan

1992-01-01

225

Qualitative Analysis on Stage: Making the Research Process More Public  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions regarding standards for assessing qualitative research have not sufficiently addressed questions concerning the privatization of this type of analysis. In response to this dilemma, the authors of this article address some of the strategies that they have employed in working with doctoral students and offer suggestions for assessing and publicly disclosing the methodological rigor and analytical defensibility of qualitative

Vincent A. Anfara; Kathleen M. Brown; Terri L. Mangione

2002-01-01

226

Practical guidelines for qualitative research using online forums.  

PubMed

With an increasing number of Internet research in general, the number of qualitative Internet studies has recently increased. Online forums are one of the most frequently used qualitative Internet research methods. Despite an increasing number of online forum studies, very few articles have been written to provide practical guidelines to conduct an online forum as a qualitative research method. In this article, practical guidelines in using an online forum as a qualitative research method are proposed based on three previous online forum studies. First, the three studies are concisely described. Practical guidelines are proposed based on nine idea categories related to issues in the three studies: (a) a fit with research purpose and questions, (b) logistics, (c) electronic versus conventional informed consent process, (d) structure and functionality of online forums, (e) interdisciplinary team, (f) screening methods, (g) languages, (h) data analysis methods, and (i) getting participants' feedback. PMID:22918135

Im, Eun-Ok; Chee, Wonshik

2012-11-01

227

Qualitative research in management: addressing complexity, context and persona  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To contribute to improved research practices by addressing three key realities in management research, all being largely disregarded by research: complexity, context and persona (the human and social aspects of researcher behaviour). Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Based on observations from real world cases and inductive analysis the article proceeds as a scientific discourse and advocacy for qualitative methodology combined with

Evert Gummesson

2006-01-01

228

Visual Evidence in Qualitative Research: The Role of Videorecording  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Videorecording allows the researcher to record and replay the pictures and sound of an event. As such, it can be a valuable research tool. Nevertheless, it is not just a simple measuring instrument. As a qualitative research data gathering tool, videorecordings should be authenticated. Researchers should indicate clearly the role of this tool in…

Penn-Edwards, Sorrel

2004-01-01

229

Combining quantitative and qualitative methodologies in logistics research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The majority of logistics research is primarily populated by quantitative research viewed through a positivist lens. Increasingly, there are calls for logistics research to more frequently employ qualitative methodologies. The trend in management research generally is increasingly to use methods and approaches which provide a middle ground between the contrasting positivist and phenomenological paradigms and perspectives. Methodological triangulation, using quantitative

John Mangan; Chandra Lalwani; Bernard Gardner

2004-01-01

230

Evaluative Criteria for Qualitative Research in Applied Linguistics: Whose Criteria and Whose Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines various criteria that have been proposed for evaluating the increasing number of empirical studies carried out using qualitative research methods and demonstrates how such criteria may privilege certain forms of qualitative research while excluding others. Select existing evaluative criteria for qualitative research proposed by applied…

Lazaraton, Anne

2003-01-01

231

Evaluative Criteria for Qualitative Research in Applied Linguistics: Whose Criteria and Whose Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines various criteria that have been proposed for evaluating the increasing number of empirical studies carried out using qualitative research methods and demonstrates how such criteria may privilege certain forms of qualitative research while excluding others. Select existing evaluative criteria for qualitative research proposed by applied…

Lazaraton, Anne

2003-01-01

232

Higher Education Research in Europe  

Microsoft Academic Search

Though higher education research has grown substantially over the last three or four decades, it is still conceived as a relatively\\u000a small and vulnerable field of research. Higher education research both gains and suffers from the fact that there are no clear\\u000a borderlines between higher educational researchers and other higher education “experts”. Academic research on higher education\\u000a has gained some

Ulrich Teichler

233

Faculty Perceptions of Technology Distance Education Transactions: Qualitative Outcomes to Inform Teaching Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Understanding instructors' perceptions of distance education transactions is becoming increasingly important as the mode of distance learning has become not only accepted, but preferred by many students. A need for more empirical qualitative data was evident as anecdotal information still dominates the research literature. The study focused on…

Schulte, Marthann

2010-01-01

234

Qualitative Investigations into Schools and Schooling. Volume 11, Readings on Equal Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qualitative approaches in educational research are challenging traditional postivistic, psychometric paradigms by emphasizing: (1) close contact over detachment; (2) multiple techniques in obtaining data; (3) bottom-up inductive frameworks; and (4) phenomenological approaches. Section 1, "Ethnographic Investigations into High Schools," includes…

Foster, Michele, Ed.

235

Qualitative research design and approaches in radiography  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction Radiography, as with other health care professions, aims towards establishing full professional recognition. A recognized research back- ground is considered an essential component of this. Usually, emphasis is placed on quantitative research which focuses on the deductive component of the scientific 'confirmatory' method. However, this situation changed after the emergence of a post-positivist philosophy of medical research, which suggests

Curtise K. C. Ng; Peter Whitea

2005-01-01

236

Focus Groups: A Qualitative Opportunity for Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay outlines focus groups as a relatively new method of research for the com munication and organizational researcher. The needs for this type of research, essen tial ingredients of a quality focus group session, and the advantages and disadvantages of the method are discussed. A theoretical framework is established and specific instances of the application of focus groups in

Peggy Yuhas Byers; James R. Wilcox

1991-01-01

237

QUALITATIVE RESEARCH IN PSYCHOLOGY: Could William James Get a Job?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considering the case of William James, the author examines the likelihood of a successful career as a qualitative researcher in contemporary U.S. psychology. Fifty-seven journals affiliated with the American Psychological Association or its divisions were analyzed to show the place of qualitative research in U.S. psychology over the past 50 years. Journal abstracts, mission statements, and a short e-mail questionnaire

Carol Marchel; Stephanie Owens

2007-01-01

238

The distinction between qualitative and quantitative research methods is problematic  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distinction between qualitative and quantitative research is abstract, very general and its value is usually taken for\\u000a granted. In contrast, this article attempts to show that the distinction between qualitative and quantitative research is\\u000a unclear, poor and therefore of limited value and that its popularity risks leading to unfortunate consequences. Various arguments\\u000a are presented for this conclusion. For example,

Carl Martin Allwood

2012-01-01

239

The epistemology of qualitative research into sport: ethical and erotetic?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper urges that researches into the social scientific aspects of sport centrally depend on distinctive epistemological assumptions, ignored at researchers’ peril. Given the ‘question?and?answer’ (i.e. erotetic) relation between research questions and research methods in sport, ‘qualitative research’ into sport is best recognised as research dealing with persons viewed as persons. But such interpersonal conceptions automatically import an ethical dimension;

Graham McFee

2009-01-01

240

Structured Qualitative Research: Organizing "Mountains of Words" for Data Analysis, both Qualitative and Quantitative  

PubMed Central

Qualitative research creates mountains of words. U.S. federal funding supports mostly structured qualitative research, which is designed to test hypotheses using semi-quantitative coding and analysis. The authors have 30 years of experience in designing and completing major qualitative research projects, mainly funded by the US National Institute on Drug Abuse [NIDA]. This article reports on strategies for planning, organizing, collecting, managing, storing, retrieving, analyzing, and writing about qualitative data so as to most efficiently manage the mountains of words collected in large-scale ethnographic projects. Multiple benefits accrue from this approach. Several different staff members can contribute to the data collection, even when working from remote locations. Field expenditures are linked to units of work so productivity is measured, many staff in various locations have access to use and analyze the data, quantitative data can be derived from data that is primarily qualitative, and improved efficiencies of resources are developed. The major difficulties involve a need for staff who can program and manage large databases, and who can be skillful analysts of both qualitative and quantitative data.

Johnson, Bruce D.; Dunlap, Eloise; Benoit, Ellen

2008-01-01

241

Education and Culture. Routledge Research in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Quinn presents a radical new perspective on the interrelationships between education and culture. Rather than viewing education in isolation from major cultural debates, she demonstrates how culture shapes education and education shapes culture. Cultural perspectives and rich empirical data from a wide range of research with learners in…

Quinn, Jocey

2011-01-01

242

Qualitative Inquiry as Gegenwerk: Connections Between Art and Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors apply the findings of research into transitional processes in the arts to a consideration of qualitative research. They identify and describe four types of transitional practice: the transferential, the transformational, the transpositional, and the transgressional. Transitional practices in both art and research are found to be dialectical, involving presencing and absencing, doing and undoing, and

Derek Pigrum

2005-01-01

243

Pluralisms in Qualitative Research: From Multiple Methods to Integrated Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pluralism offers promising ways forward for qualitative research, invoking the use of multiple methods to investigate complex social questions. Drawing on two different research projects, we reflexively demonstrate, discuss, and illustrate our processes of working pluralistically. In various ways, we argue that multiple methods function smoothly if they are closely aligned with the broad assumptions underpinning the research, resulting in

Kerry Chamberlain; Trudie Cain; Joanna Sheridan; Ann Dupuis

2011-01-01

244

Rethinking Texts: Narrative and the Construction of Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article outlines how a theory of narrative can be used to deconstruct qualitative research texts. Although research texts are a distinct genre in comparison with works of fiction, the basic components of literary activity are similar. Researchers structure and emphasize data and participants in various ways to tell a logical story. Narrative…

Holley, Karri A.; Colyar, Julia

2009-01-01

245

CAQDAS: a supplementary tool for qualitative market research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aims of the paper are twofold: to assess the usage of Computer Assisted Qualitative Data Analysis (CAQDAS) in the UK market research industry; and to evaluate the use of CAQDAS as a supplement to paper-coding in market research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – CAQDAS usage was assessed by a questionnaire, sent to a sample of 400 UK market researchers. The

Ruth Rettie; Helen Robinson; Anja Radke; Xiajiao Ye

2008-01-01

246

Rethinking Texts: Narrative and the Construction of Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article outlines how a theory of narrative can be used to deconstruct qualitative research texts. Although research texts are a distinct genre in comparison with works of fiction, the basic components of literary activity are similar. Researchers structure and emphasize data and participants in various ways to tell a logical story. Narrative…

Holley, Karri A.; Colyar, Julia

2009-01-01

247

Complementary, Not Contradictory: The Spurious Conflict between Qualitative and Quantitative Research Methodologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|R. Zubir and M. Pope (1984) and K. Howe (1985, 1988) have argued against the "tyranny of methodological dogma" and that the division between quantitative psychometric and qualitative phenomenological and anthropological traditions is unnecessary. The postmodern self-consciousness of educational research has resulted in the realization that there…

Mashhadi, Azam

248

Bouncing between the Dark and Bright Sides: Can Technology Help Qualitative Research?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors carried out a 4-year qualitative analysis of a case study in higher education. An undergraduate course based on the principles of computer supported collaborative learning (CSCL) was designed, implemented, and evaluated. The process was developed by a community of practice, formed by quite a number of researchers coming from the…

Jorrin-Abellan, Ivan M.; Rubia-Avi, Bartolome; Anguita-Martinez, Rocio; Gomez-Sanchez, Eduardo; Martinez-Mones, Alejandra

2008-01-01

249

Contributions of Qualitative Research to Understanding Savings for Children and Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores contributions of qualitative research to saving theory for children, youth, and parents in children's development account (CDAs) programs. It brings together findings from three studies: (1) elementary school age children saving for college, (2) youth transitioning from foster care saving for education and other purposes, and…

Sherraden, Margaret; Peters, Clark; Wagner, Kristen; Guo, Baorong; Clancy, Margaret

2013-01-01

250

Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA): A Qualitative Methodology of Choice in Healthcare Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper focuses on the teaching of the qualitative method, Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA), to healthcare professionals (HCPs). It introduces briefly the philosophical background of IPA and how it has been used within healthcare research, and then discusses the teaching of IPA to HCPs within received educational theory. Lastly, the paper describes how IPA has been taught to students\\/trainees in

Deborah Biggerstaff; Andrew R. Thompson

2008-01-01

251

Giving Voice to Critical Campus Issues. Qualitative Research in Student Affairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents six qualitative research studies written by graduate students in the Higher Education and Student Affairs masters program at the University of Vermont. The papers provide case studies concerning suicide, acquaintance rape, alcohol-related student death, classism, adult children of alcoholics, and multiracial identity. Following…

Manning, Kathleen, Ed.

252

Can Educational Research Inform Educational Practice? Yes!  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Responds to Elliot Eisner's claim (Phi Delta Kappan, v. 65, p. 447-52) that educational research often affects educational practice subtly rather than overtly. Also argues, like Eisner, that educational research often is too indebted to social science language and too removed from practical applications. (JW)|

Baker, Eva L.

1984-01-01

253

Facebook: a tool for nursing education research.  

PubMed

Facebook is an online social networking Web site that allows users to connect with other users. Nurse educators can use this technology to advance nursing research. Social networks provide new opportunities for locating potential research participants and maintaining contact during the research process. The purpose of this article is to explain how the researcher used Facebook to locate previous nursing students to ask them to participate in a qualitative study. Between 2006 and 2008, 22 nursing students had participated in international trips over a 3-year period. Because the students had graduated and moved to other geographical areas, the researcher had little or no contact information to use to follow-up with them. The researcher used Facebook to locate 18 of the 22 nursing graduates and invite them to participate in a qualitative research study. A discussion of the process and the potential ethical issues are provided. PMID:21449530

Amerson, Roxanne

2011-03-31

254

Management of Universal Basic Education Scheme (U.B.E.) for Qualitative Education in Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since independence, Nigeria has been searching diligently for a viable educational system capable of enhancing the socio-economic and political values inherent in the country. This paper discusses concepts such as management, qualitative education and Universal Basic Education. In addition to the above, the paper also examines the National…

Omotayo, Dare Michael; Ihebereme, Chioma; Maduewesi, Sir B. U.

2008-01-01

255

Researching Research: Mathematics Education in the Political  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We discuss contemporary theories in mathematics education in order to do research on research. Our strategy consists of analysing discursively and ideologically recent key publications addressing the role of theory in mathematics education research. We examine how the field fabricates its object of research by deploying Foucault's notion of…

Pais, Alexandre; Valero, Paola

2012-01-01

256

Designing nursing research: the qualitative-quantitative debate.  

PubMed

Nursing research has not evolved with immunity from the qualitative-quantitative debate which has surrounded the behavioural and social sciences. The outcome of this debate should be better nursing science since researchers are forced to face and address the controversial issues. Attaining this goal requires researchers to debate the issues with a knowledge of epistemology and methodology and not blind devotion to the tradition of the hard sciences. This paper addresses the issues of epistemology, methodology, and ethics for two prototypes of the qualitative-quantitative continuum. Grounded theory explains the issues of qualitative research: the search for meaning, the inclusion of environmental factors, the depth of data, and the treatment of participants as subjects. The true experiment, the epitomy of the quantitative approach, seeks to identify existing truths by isolating the significant variables and controlling for contaminating factors. Based on these arguments, recommendations are made for nursing research which rely on both approaches. PMID:3848448

Duffy, M E

1985-05-01

257

Today's Practitioner is Both Qualitative and Quantitative Researcher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the use of action research has made its way into various faculties of education as a means of applying theory to practice, there remains a disconnect between the teacher as an educator and the teacher as a researcher. Research must be empirically based; therefore, it has traditionally been seen to reside in the domain of the theorist or…

Rinaldo, Vince

2005-01-01

258

Today's Practitioner is Both Qualitative and Quantitative Researcher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although the use of action research has made its way into various faculties of education as a means of applying theory to practice, there remains a disconnect between the teacher as an educator and the teacher as a researcher. Research must be empirically based; therefore, it has traditionally been seen to reside in the domain of the theorist or…

Rinaldo, Vince

2005-01-01

259

Finding qualitative research: an evaluation of search strategies  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative research makes an important contribution to our understanding of health and healthcare. However, qualitative evidence can be difficult to search for and identify, and the effectiveness of different types of search strategies is unknown. Methods Three search strategies for qualitative research in the example area of support for breast-feeding were evaluated using six electronic bibliographic databases. The strategies were based on using thesaurus terms, free-text terms and broad-based terms. These strategies were combined with recognised search terms for support for breast-feeding previously used in a Cochrane review. For each strategy, we evaluated the recall (potentially relevant records found) and precision (actually relevant records found). Results A total yield of 7420 potentially relevant records was retrieved by the three strategies combined. Of these, 262 were judged relevant. Using one strategy alone would miss relevant records. The broad-based strategy had the highest recall and the thesaurus strategy the highest precision. Precision was generally poor: 96% of records initially identified as potentially relevant were deemed irrelevant. Searching for qualitative research involves trade-offs between recall and precision. Conclusions These findings confirm that strategies that attempt to maximise the number of potentially relevant records found are likely to result in a large number of false positives. The findings also suggest that a range of search terms is required to optimise searching for qualitative evidence. This underlines the problems of current methods for indexing qualitative research in bibliographic databases and indicates where improvements need to be made.

Shaw, Rachel L; Booth, Andrew; Sutton, Alex J; Miller, Tina; Smith, Jonathan A; Young, Bridget; Jones, David R; Dixon-Woods, Mary

2004-01-01

260

Leading with integrity: a qualitative research study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research paper gives an account of a study into the relationship between leadership and integrity. There is a critical analysis of the current literature for effective, successful and ethical leadership particularly, integrity. The purpose and aim of this paper is to build on the current notions of leadership within the literature, debate contemporary approaches, focussing specifically on practices within

Lorna Storr

2004-01-01

261

Why We Need Qualitative Research in Suicidology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using the differentiation between "explanations" and "understanding" from philosophy of science as the point of departure, a critical look at the current mainstream suicidological research was launched. An almost exclusive use of quantitative methodology focusing on "explanations" is demonstrated. This bias in scope and methodology has to a large…

Hjelmeland, Heidi; Knizek, Birthe Loa

2010-01-01

262

Entrepreneurial marketing: a conceptualisation from qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Proposes a conceptualisation of “entrepreneurial marketing” based on the practices of successful entrepreneurs. The methodology took account of specific issues in researching entrepreneurs such as lack of common understanding of management terms, and the influence of ego on participants’ responses. Depth interviews used critical incident technique to elicit accounts from entrepreneurs of their marketing practices. Focus groups supplemented individual interviews

David Stokes

2000-01-01

263

Qualitative methods in research on healthcare quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are no easy solutions to the problem of improving the quality of care. Research has shown how difficult it can be, but has failed to provide reliable and effective ways to change services and professional performance for the better. Much depends on the perspectives of users and the attitudes and behaviours of professionals in the context of their organisations

C Pope; P van Royen; R Baker

2002-01-01

264

Research in Science & Mathematics Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication examines science and mathematics educational research in India and the question of whether science and mathematics education in that country has been an instrument of social change. Seven areas of research are included: (1) science education; (2) mathematics education; (3) science curriculum; (4) methods of teaching science; (5)…

Wanchoo, V. N., Ed.; Raina, T. N., Ed.

265

Never the twain shall meet? Quantitative psychological researchers’ perspectives on qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this article was to provide a quantitative researchers’ perspective on qualitative research applied to sport and exercise psychology. Specifically, we aimed to identify some of the ‘problems’ that researchers adopting a predominantly quantitative, ‘natural science’ approach to psychological phenomena in psychology have with qualitative approaches. In addition, we also identified, as researchers from a predominantly background, the

Martin S. Hagger; Nikos L. D. Chatzisarantis

2011-01-01

266

Philosophical Foundations and Current Theoretical Perspectives in Qualitative Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The relationship between the philosophy, theory, and methods of different research paradigms is explored in this article. Specific theoretical perspectives, critical theory, postmodernism, critical race theory, queer theory, and feminist theory are explored in the context of their political values and implications for qualitative research.…

Broido, Ellen M.; Manning, Kathleen

2002-01-01

267

Multiple perspectives in literacy research: Integrating the quantitative and qualitative  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quantitative?qualitative debate positions researchers between two apparently opposed epistemological extremes: the positivist or experimental and the constructivist or contextual. In this article, I argue that the two research traditions are not mutually exclusive: rather they are inextricably linked. Further, seemingly divergent assumptions about objective reality simply represent different understandings about our relationship to reality, and both have validity under

Iiana Snyder

1995-01-01

268

Journalistic Observation as a Qualitative Research Method for Sociology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A comparison is made between the tools of observation and research used by journalists to study society and the media, and the qualitative and clinical research tools used in the social and psychological sciences. The first part of the paper, a journalistic approach to sociology, traces the notion of the sociologist as a super-reporter using…

Burd, Gene

269

Exploratory nature of, and uncertainty tolerance in, qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to depict an overall picture of an exploratory research journey to exemplify how qualitative studies on little understood phenomena can be done successfully. The paper aims to show how the author adopted an appropriate approach and an apposite methodology to cope with the uncertainty, stress and ambiguity arising during exploratory research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper

Yazdan Mansourian

2008-01-01

270

Focus groups: A new tool for qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Focus groups have received little attention from sociologists, although they are a commonly used qualitative technique in market research. The data collected in focus group sessions typically consist of tape-recorded group discussions among four to ten participants who share their thoughts and experiences on a set of topics selected by the researcher. We present a brief description of dimensions along

David L. Morgan; Margaret T. Spanish

1984-01-01

271

Building Confidence in Qualitative Research: Engaging the Demands of Policy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The quality of qualitative research has been subject to considerable criticism recently, partly driven by the development of an international movement for "evidence-based policy and practice." In the United States, randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are posited by some as the best way of producing reliable research knowledge. Also, responses to…

Torrance, Harry

2008-01-01

272

The pursuit of value through qualitative market research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Offers a positive example of how small firms can benefit from low cost qualitative market research techniques to determine achievable advantageous marketing strategies. The issue of identifying “customer perceived value” was chosen as the prime focus. The experimental Pilot Programme featured a series of depth interviews and a focus group session. The research benefited from the inclusion of some classical

Malcolm Robert Victor Goodman

1999-01-01

273

The Politics of Historical Discourse Analysis: A Qualitative Research Method?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with the ways in which historical discourse analysis is at once different from and similar to research described as qualitative or quantitative. It discusses the consequences of applying the standards of such methods to historical discourse analysis. It is pointed out that although the merit of research using historical…

Johannesson, Ingolfur Asgeir

2010-01-01

274

NEW METHODOLOGIES AND TENDENCIES IN QUALITATIVE MARKETING RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

: In this paper we will approach another qualitative marketing research type based ona new relation – from laboratory to reality . In fact believe and do not research is an oldsaying stepped out of the marketing specialists’ vocabulary. The increased competition and thequick rhythm of the technologies’ evolution and together with them of the products and services areengines that

Arcadie Hinescu; Ionela Gavrila-Paven

2008-01-01

275

A Tale of Two Cultures: Contrasting Quantitative and Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The quantitative and qualitative research traditions can be thought of as distinct cultures marked by dierent,values, beliefs, and norms. In this essay, we adopt this metaphor toward the end of contrasting these research traditions across ten areas: (1) approaches to explanation, (2) conceptions of causation, (3) multivariate expla- nations, (4) equifinality, (5) scope and causal generalization, (6) case selection,

James Mahoney; Gary Goertz

2006-01-01

276

Anglo-North American qualitative counseling and psychotherapy research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative counseling and psychotherapy research produced in the United Kingdom and in Canada and the United States is examined. It is shown that the methods and methodologies in the British research have been influenced by postmodern epistemology more than in North American work, which reflects a greater effect of positivism. Correspondingly, it is shown that a higher value has been

David L. Rennie

2004-01-01

277

On Becoming a Qualitative Researcher: The Value of Reflexivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Learning how to conduct qualitative research may seem daunting for those new to the task, especially given the paradigm's emphasis on complexity and emergent design. Although there are guidelines in the literature, each project is unique and ultimately the individual researcher must determine how best to proceed. Reflexivity is thus considered…

Watt, Diane

2007-01-01

278

Establishing Student Competency in Qualitative Research: Can Undergraduate Nursing Students Perform Qualitative Data Analysis?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To learn the skills of qualitative analysis, 28 nursing students selected research questions, interviewed each other, and conducted data analysis. Students' analyses had 89% agreement with the instructor's on the topic of lab-to-clinic skill transfer, 96% agreement on the influence of experience, and 61% on nervousness during clinical supervision.…

Reising, Deanna L.

2003-01-01

279

Research Methods Employed in "American Educational Research Journal,""Educational Researcher," and "Review of Educational Research" from 1978 to 1987.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Periodic summaries of research techniques used in important journals help professors of educational research teach each new generation of researchers. Literature published in "American Educational Research Journal" (AERJ), "Educational Researcher" (ER), and "Review of Educational Research (RER) is reviewed for the 10-year period ending in 1987.…

Elmore, Patricia B.; Woehlke, Paula L.

280

Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research, Volume XVI.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume contains essays related to various aspects of higher education, focusing on both educational theory and research. The chapters are: (1) "Apologia pro Vita Mia" (Robert Berdahl); (2) "Varieties of Validity: Quality in Qualitative Research" (Yvonna S. Lincoln); (3) "Academic Freedom and Federal Courts in the 1990s: The Legitimation of…

Smart, John C., Ed.

281

[Social role and paradigms of qualitative nursing research].  

PubMed

Bibliographic research developed among the 24 fascicles from the "Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem" presented in the SciELO database, from 2005 to 2008. The objective was to identify emergent themes on qualitative researches published on a nursing periodic; correlate theses themes with the knowledge production in nursing and reflect about the social role of these qualitative researches analyzed. After analysis, 173 qualitative studies were identified, and three categories arose: nursing training, areas of practice, nursing care basis/ principles/ conceptions, and professional issues. In the relationship among the categories, the patterns of knowledge and the social role highlight the social-political knowledge, reflecting the profession maturation regarding intrinsic social issues, part of it social body; and extrinsic, the demands from society. PMID:21755223

Lacerda, Maria Ribeiro; Labronici, Liliana Maria

282

Methods for the synthesis of qualitative research: a critical review  

PubMed Central

Background In recent years, a growing number of methods for synthesising qualitative research have emerged, particularly in relation to health-related research. There is a need for both researchers and commissioners to be able to distinguish between these methods and to select which method is the most appropriate to their situation. Discussion A number of methodological and conceptual links between these methods were identified and explored, while contrasting epistemological positions explained differences in approaches to issues such as quality assessment and extent of iteration. Methods broadly fall into 'realist' or 'idealist' epistemologies, which partly accounts for these differences. Summary Methods for qualitative synthesis vary across a range of dimensions. Commissioners of qualitative syntheses might wish to consider the kind of product they want and select their method – or type of method – accordingly.

2009-01-01

283

Reporting qualitative research in health informatics: REQ-HI recommendations.  

PubMed

To develop a set of recommendations for authors of qualitative studies in the field of health informatics, we conducted an extensive literature search and also manually checked major journals in the field of biomedical informatics and qualitative research looking for papers, checklists, and guidelines pertaining to assessing and reporting of qualitative studies. We synthesized the found criteria to develop an initial set of reporting recommendations that are particularly relevant to qualitative studies of health information technology systems. This paper presents a preliminary version of these recommendations. We are planning to refine and revise this version using comments and suggestions of experts in evaluation of health informatics applications and publish a detailed set of recommendations. PMID:21893872

Niazkhani, Zahra; Pirnejad, Habibollah; Aarts, Jos; Adams, Samantha; Bal, Roland

2011-01-01

284

Research on the Lives of Persons with DisabilitiesThe Emerging Importance of Qualitative Research Methodologies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the significance of qualitative methodologies in capturing the complexities of the disability experience. The authors discuss some of the principles of qualitative research and show how those principles lend themselves to the new disability paradigm that has emerged in the last 20 years. They give examples of three disability studies in which qualitative methods were used to

Bonnie ODay; Mary Killeen

2002-01-01

285

On Becoming a Pragmatic Researcher: The Importance of Combining Quantitative and Qualitative Research Methodologies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last 100 years have witnessed a fervent debate in the United States about quantitative and qualitative research paradigms. Unfortunately, this has led to a great divide between quantitative and qualitative researchers, who often view themselves in competition with each other. Clearly, this polarization has promoted purists, i.e., researchers

Onwuegbuzie, Anthony J.; Leech, Nancy L.

286

Research Schools: Grounding Research in Educational Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education lacks a strong infrastructure for connecting research with educational practice and policy. The need for this linkage grows as findings in cognitive science and biology become ever more relevant to education. Teachers often lack the background knowledge needed to interpret scientific results, whereas scientists often lack an…

Hinton, Christina; Fischer, Kurt W.

2008-01-01

287

An Online Forum As a Qualitative Research Method: Practical Issues  

PubMed Central

Background Despite positive aspects of online forums as a qualitative research method, very little is known about practical issues involved in using online forums for data collection, especially for a qualitative research project. Objectives The purpose of this paper is to describe the practical issues that the researchers encountered in implementing an online forum as a qualitative component of a larger study on cancer pain experience. Method Throughout the study process, the research staff recorded issues ranged from minor technical problems to serious ethical dilemmas as they arose and wrote memos about them. The memos and written records of discussions were reviewed and analyzed using the content analysis suggested by Weber. Results Two practical issues related to credibility were identified: a high response and retention rate and automatic transcripts. An issue related to dependability was the participants’ easy forgetfulness. The issues related to confirmability were difficulties in theoretical saturation and unstandardized computer and Internet jargon. A security issue related to hacking attempts was noted as well. Discussion The analysis of these issues suggests several implications for future researchers who want to use online forums as a qualitative data collection method.

Im, Eun-Ok; Chee, Wonshik

2008-01-01

288

Observations on positivism and pseudoscience in qualitative nursing research.  

PubMed

In this paper I will examine the boundaries between positivism, interpretivism and pseudoscience, arguing that some qualitative researchers may risk the credibility of nursing research by utilizing concepts from the margins of science. There are two major threats to the perceived rigour and credibility of qualitative research in its many forms. First is a trend in some work towards a mystical view of both the methods and the content of the qualitative enterprise. This can be detected, I will argue, in the work of Rosemary Parse in particular. The second potentially damaging trend is almost its epistemological opposite, towards excessive reliance on precise procedures, strict definitions and verification exemplified by Juliet Corbin and others. I will suggest that this is nothing to fear, but something to be clear about. This is not social constructionism or interpretivism but a 'qualitative' version of positivism. The paper concludes that students and researchers should be cautious in the uncritical acceptance of theories and 'research' which approach the boundaries of pseudoscience on the one hand, and 'hard' science on the other. PMID:10403982

Johnson, M

1999-07-01

289

The concept of theme as used in qualitative nursing research.  

PubMed

The concept of theme is critical to the accurate interpretation of qualitative data. A literature review of qualitative research methodology and nursing research studies reveals considerable diversity in the identification of themes, the interpretation of the concept, and its function in data analysis. Part of the problem is the transfer of research methods from other disciplines to the study of nursing phenomena. The transfer often results in a blending of distinct research methods that compromises methodological rigor in data analysis and theory generation. A definition of theme is developed from the literature review and interdisciplinary definitions and descriptions. Five aspects of a theme and criteria foundational to the definition and concept of theme are identified. Implications of the concept of theme are presented for the conduct and application of research findings to the practice and development of nursing science. PMID:10804897

DeSantis, L; Ugarriza, D N

2000-04-01

290

Science education research program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A deadline for receipt of research proposals on science literacy and science, technology, and society has been set by the National Science Foundation's Research in Science and Education (RISE) program. March 9 is the target date set by NSF to insure that proposals are considered for the RISE fiscal 1981 budget, which is expected to total $6 million.RISE'S purpose is to examine the science literacy of the U.S. public and to determine the publics needs. Although schools have been responsible for teaching science, only 50% of the American public receive formal science instruction after 15 years of age, according to NSF. Those who do not receive formal training must rely on a combination of electronic and print media, museums, and public agencies for science information.

291

Scientific Research in Educational Administration.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The University Council for Educational Administration (UCEA) ought to reaffirm its commitment to theoretical research. Research in educational administration during the last twenty years has been applied or practical rather than purely theoretical or scientific. Although there is certainly a place for practical research, theoretical research ought…

Hoy, Wayne K.

1978-01-01

292

Research on Globalization and Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research on globalization and education involves the study of intertwined worldwide discourses, processes, and institutions affecting local educational practices and policies. The four major theoretical perspectives concerning globalization and education are world culture, world systems, postcolonial, and culturalist. The major global educational

Spring, Joel

2008-01-01

293

Education Research and Government Policy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The accomplishments of education research are many, and they are leaving an indelible imprint on the shape and character of American education. The role of the federal government in education is one of leadership and financial and technical assistance to the states or to individual school districts or higher education institutions. The birth of…

Bell, T. H.

294

"Accessions": Researching, Designing Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This brief viewpoint piece depicts educational (dis)engagements apparent in researching and (re)designing higher education in and through "Accessions". "Accessions", a collaborative research-design project, probed at how cultures, climates and conditions of higher education may be reproducing or reshaping social inequalities and divisions. Here,…

Taylor, Yvette

2011-01-01

295

Research: The Region's Educational Needs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses common themes in the limited research on Appalachian institutions of higher education: interinstitutional links and links between institutions and the broader community. Reviews trends that offer research opportunities (the impact of K-12 reforms on higher education, effects of information technology on higher education, student…

Collins, Timothy

1999-01-01

296

"Accessions": Researching, Designing Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief viewpoint piece depicts educational (dis)engagements apparent in researching and (re)designing higher education in and through "Accessions". "Accessions", a collaborative research-design project, probed at how cultures, climates and conditions of higher education may be reproducing or reshaping social inequalities and divisions. Here,…

Taylor, Yvette

2011-01-01

297

Analysis and Interpretation of Qualitative Data in Consumer Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents a framework for thinking about the fundamental activities of inference--data analysis and interpretation--by researchers using qualitative data. I contrast these two activities. For analysis I describe seven operations: categorization, abstraction, comparison, dimensionalization, integration, iteration, and refutation. For interpretation I suggest metaphor and other literary devices as models for understanding the meanings of others, identifying patterns in these

Susan Spiggle

1994-01-01

298

Shared Journaling as Peer Support in Teaching Qualitative Research Methods  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching qualitative research methods (QRM), particularly early on in one's academic career, can be challenging. This paper describes shared peer journaling as one way in which to cope with challenges such as complex debates in the field and student resistance to interpretive paradigms. Literature on teaching QRM and the pedagogical value of…

Humble, Aine M.; Sharp, Elizabeth

2012-01-01

299

Talking about change : Understanding employee responses through qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to focus on the understanding that can be gained about employees' use of voice as a response to organisational change using qualitative research and, in particular, narrative analysis. Narrative analysis of voice can provide insight into why voice is used and how voice differs from resistance. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper uses a

Melanie Bryant

2006-01-01

300

Thinking about the Nature and Scope of Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In "Writing and Reviewing Manuscripts in the Multidimensional World of Qualitative Research" (LaRossa, 2012), the author expressed the hope that, by sketching a cognitive map of the writing and reviewing process, authors and reviewers for the "Journal of Marriage and Family" ("JMF") would be better able to communicate with each other about the…

LaRossa, Ralph

2012-01-01

301

Teaching Qualitative Research Methods through Service-Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is the result of a voluntary service-learning component in a qualitative research methods course. For this course, the service-learning project was the evaluation of the benefits to volunteers who work a crisis hotline for a local crisis intervention center. The service-learning course model used in this paper most closely resembles…

Machtmes, Krisanna; Johnson, Earl; Fox, Janet; Burke, Mary S.; Harper, Jeannie; Arcemont, Lisa; Hebert, Lanette; Tarifa, Todd; Brooks, Roy C., Jr.; Reynaud, Andree L.; Deggs, David; Matzke, Brenda; Aguirre, Regina T. P.

2009-01-01

302

Meaning in Method: The Rhetoric of Quantitative and Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current debate about quantitative and qualitative methods focuses on whether there is a necessary connection between method-type and research paradigm that makes the different approaches incompatible. This paper argues that part of the connection is rhetorical. Quantitative methods express the assumptions of a positvisit paradigm which holds that behavior can be explained through objective facts. Design and instrumentation persuade

WILLIAM A. FIRESTONE

1987-01-01

303

Engaging the right mindset in qualitative marketing research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Addresses the need in qualitative market research to consider how best to sample and recruit the right mindsets (respondents) and, if appropriate, prime these for subsequent interviews to maximise insight. Discusses models that might direct recruitment and some of the myths of good recruitment practice and argues for a more eclectic use of different approaches depending on the nature of

Clive Nancarrow; Andy Barker; Len Tiu Wright

2001-01-01

304

Anthropology and consumer research: qualitative insights into green consumer behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new qualitative method that is theoretically underpinned by cognitive anthropology. This research strategy is introduced to further advance the understanding of complex green consumer behavior – in this case life-cycle analysis. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This paper examines the contextual aspects of problem-solving behavior of green, environmentally concerned consumers. Cognitive anthropology

Mark Tadajewski; Sigmund Wagner-Tsukamoto

2006-01-01

305

Using qualitative research techniques to learn the cultural language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explains how specific qualitative research techniques can be used to better understand a work culture in another country. These techniques include: (1) collecting ethnographic information; (2) consciously observing surroundings; (3) choosing a broad range of informants; (4) finding a key informant; (5) conducting ethnographic interviews; (6) analyzing artifacts; (7) recording observations, interviews, and impressions; and (8) respecting privacy

Saul Carliner

1999-01-01

306

Researching player experiences through the use of different qualitative methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since gameplay is only realized when the player and game interact, studying player experiences is complicated. Most research designs often emphasise either the structure of the game or the player in isolation of the game itself. In this study an attempt was made to test three different qualitative methods to study playing styles and by extension player experiences, while trying

Wannes Ribbens; Yorick Poels

307

A Discussion on Qualitative Research in Physical Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT Qualitative research in sport psychology has been increasingly on the rise, thereby allowing a greater understanding of the participant’s experiences (see Dale, 1996). Exercise psychologists (e.g., Gauvin, 1990; Golberg, 1992; Whaley & Ebbeck, 1997) have also employed qualitativemethodologies in their investigations, although to a much lesser extent. Consequently, there remains a need for additional studies, particularly in exercise psychology,

Krista J. Munroe-chandler

2005-01-01

308

Doing your undergraduate dissertation using qualitative research: Tutor reflections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Completing your undergraduate dissertation using qualitative research can be a very rewarding task and presents a number of challenges which are different to those faced by those choosing a quantitative approach In this short article, I am going to take a reflective approach informed by some of the experiences I have had supervising dis- sertation students in three different universities

Charles Buckley

2007-01-01

309

Using meta ethnography to synthesise qualitative research: a worked example  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: To demonstrate the beneé ts of applying meta ethnography to the synthesis of qualitative research, by means of a worked example. Methods: Four papers about lay meanings of medicines were arbitrarily chosen. Noblit and Hare' s seven-step process for conducting a meta ethnography was employed: getting started; deciding what is relevant to the initial interest; reading the studies; determining

Nicky Britten; Rona Campbell; Catherine Pope; Jenny Donovan; Myfanwy Morgan; Roisin Pill

2002-01-01

310

WOMEN'S EXPERIENCES OF ABUSE: A REVIEW OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews qualitative research published within the past 15 years based on women's first person accounts of their abuse experiences. Battered women's accounts of their experiences in abusive relationships aid in understanding why they stay, how they cope, and how others can help. Women's views of the emotional consequences of battering, the process of leaving, and the impact of

Martha R. Sleutel

1998-01-01

311

Remaking the Link: Qualitative Research and Feminist Standpoint Theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Historical and contemporary developments in feminist thinking on theory and method are considered. The critique of positivism is outlined, together with the affinity between feminist research and qualitative methods. Dilemmas are raised concerning: a false dualism between quantity and quality; ethical concerns; and writing in the personal. There are contradictory positions within the contemporary argument for methodological pluralism, such that

Karen Henwood; Nick Pidgeon

1995-01-01

312

Cross Cultural Perspectives in Educational Research. Conducting Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research student population of higher educational institutions continues to expand to include people from an ever-widening range of cultural and educational backgrounds. However, many research methods courses are still directed at the traditional student population. This book examines aspects of postgraduate research from a cross-cultural…

Robinson-Pant, Anna

2005-01-01

313

CONTRIBUTIONS OF QUALITATIVE RESEARCH TO EVIDENCE-BASE D PRACTICE IN NURSING  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim. This article aims to identify the contributions of qualitative research to evidence-base d practice in nursing. Background. Qualitative research dates back to the 1920s and 1930s, when anthropologists and sociologists used qualitative research methods to study human phenomena in naturalistic settings and from a holistic viewpoint. Afterwards, other subject matters, including nursing, adopted qualitative methods to answer their research

Rita L. Ailinger

2003-01-01

314

APPLICABILITY OF GENERAL EDUCATION RESEARCH FINDINGS IN CAREER AND TECHNICAL TEACHER EDUCATION: A CASE STUDY  

Microsoft Academic Search

Findings from an earlier study of traditional preservice teacher education were the basis of a research framework developed to examine an alternative inservice teacher education program. The investigation assessed the utility of this framework in a career and technical environment. The qualitative case study design used 5 research questions reflecting the concepts identified in the earlier study. Data derived from

C. Gloria Heberley

315

Teaching nursing research. Integrating quantitative and qualitative methods.  

PubMed

In the belief that graduate nursing students should be able to analyze, evaluate, and critique both qualitative and quantitative research methods and should be able to design their own research projects, two faculty members developed a two-course sequence integrating the two methods. The authors, each an expert in one of the methods, describe how they designed and co-taught these innovative courses. PMID:10876529

Lehna, C; Pfoutz, S

316

Long-Term Outcomes of Services for Two Persons with Significant Disabilities with Differing Educational Experiences: A Qualitative Consideration of the Impact of Educational Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though research exists related to effective services in inclusive general education settings for students with significant disabilities, there are no longitudinal investigations of adult outcomes for persons with significant disabilities who received services in inclusive general education settings. This study uses qualitative methods to describe…

Ryndak, Diane Lea; Ward, Terri; Alper, Sandra; Montgomery, Jennifer Wilson; Storch, Jill F.

2010-01-01

317

Research that Matters: Qualitative Research in the Service of Social Transformation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article summarizes the keynote address delivered at the 23rd Annual Ethnographic & Qualitative Research Conference. It is routine for qualitative researchers to "locate" themselves, sharing their history in relation to the settings/contexts, issues, vocabularies, identities, and other factors associated with their topic of inquiry. In this…

Biklen, Douglas P.

2011-01-01

318

Competitive sport and aging: the need for qualitative sociological research.  

PubMed

The number of older athletes is growing with the aging of populations across the developed world. This article reviews studies from a variety of disciplines that focus specifically on the motives and experiences of older adults competing in physically demanding sports at events such as masters and veterans competitions in Australia or the Senior Olympics in North America. It is shown that the majority of research into this phenomenon has taken a quantitative approach or failed to consider older athletes' experiences in the context of broader sociocultural discourses. Therefore, using the author's research into the experiences of older Australian masters athletes as a catalyst, the need for and strength of sociological qualitative research in this area is discussed. The use of qualitative methods, such as in-depth interviews and observations, and interpretive analysis provided alternative ways of making sense of older adults and their relationship with competitive sport to what is typically found in the sport and aging literature. PMID:17215556

Dionigi, Rylee

2006-10-01

319

A Question of Reflexivity in a Qualitative Study of South Asians in Education: Power, Knowledge and Shared Ethnicity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a qualitative study of South Asians in education, methodological issues pertaining to the social interactions between the same-ethnicity researcher and researched are analysed and interpreted. Based on in-depth interviews with 89 South Asian school pupils and 25 South Asian parents, it was found that political ideology and shared ethnicity were…

Abbas, Tahir

2006-01-01

320

A Rationale for Mixed Methods (Integrative) Research Programmes in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Recent research shows that research programmes (quantitative, qualitative and mixed) in education are not displaced (as suggested by Kuhn) but rather lead to integration. The objective of this study is to present a rationale for mixed methods (integrative) research programs based on contemporary philosophy of science (Lakatos, Giere, Cartwright,…

Niaz, Mansoor

2008-01-01

321

Understanding Qualitative Metasynthesis: Issues and Opportunities in Early Childhood Intervention Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Qualitative metasynthesis is an intentional and coherent approach to analyzing data across qualitative studies. It is a process that enables researchers to identify a specific research question and then search for, select, appraise, summarize, and combine qualitative evidence to address the research question. This process uses rigorous qualitative

Erwin, Elizabeth J.; Brotherson, Mary Jane; Summers, Jean Ann

2011-01-01

322

YouTube as a Qualitative Research Asset: Reviewing User Generated Videos as Learning Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|YouTube, the video hosting service, offers students, teachers, and practitioners of qualitative researchers a unique reservoir of video clips introducing basic qualitative research concepts, sharing qualitative data from interviews and field observations, and presenting completed research studies. This web-based site also affords qualitative

Chenail, Ronald J.

2011-01-01

323

Using Qualitative Research to Bridge Research, Policy, and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Too often, researchers get a bad name for engaging in inquiry that is inaccessible to the practitioner and policy communities who could most benefit from it. Although speaking to others in the scholarly community is important, researchers must also be able to translate their results into more accessible language for multiple audiences. This…

Sallee, Margaret W.; Flood, Julee T.

2012-01-01

324

Handbook of Education Policy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Educational policy continues to be of major concern. Policy debates about economic growth and national competitiveness, for example, commonly focus on the importance of human capital and a highly educated workforce. Defining the theoretical boundaries and methodological approaches of education policy research are the two primary themes of this…

Sykes, Gary, Ed.; Schneider, Barbara, Ed.; Plank, David N., Ed.

2009-01-01

325

Research Mentorship in Counselor Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this national survey was to determine whether pretenured counselor educators receive research mentorship, and if so, what instructional and relational factors occur within that relationship. Pretenured counselor educators in counselor education programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related…

Briggs, Cynthia A.; Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth

2008-01-01

326

Research Mentorship in Counselor Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this national survey was to determine whether pretenured counselor educators receive research mentorship, and if so, what instructional and relational factors occur within that relationship. Pretenured counselor educators in counselor education programs accredited by the Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related…

Briggs, Cynthia A.; Pehrsson, Dale-Elizabeth

2008-01-01

327

Questions for Music Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In addressing the question-set "What questions do music education researchers need to address?", an illustrative list of juxtaposed descriptive and normative questions is sketched as follows: What are and should be the dimensions of music education? What are and should be the institutional agencies of music education? What are and should be the…

Jorgensen, Estelle R.

2008-01-01

328

Handbook of Education Policy Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educational policy continues to be of major concern. Policy debates about economic growth and national competitiveness, for example, commonly focus on the importance of human capital and a highly educated workforce. Defining the theoretical boundaries and methodological approaches of education policy research are the two primary themes of this…

Sykes, Gary, Ed.; Schneider, Barbara, Ed.; Plank, David N., Ed.

2009-01-01

329

Is There a Bias Against Telephone Interviews In Qualitative Research?  

PubMed Central

Telephone interviews are largely neglected in the qualitative research literature and, when discussed, they are often depicted as a less attractive alternative to face-to-face interviewing. The absence of visual cues via telephone is thought to result in loss of contextual and nonverbal data and to compromise rapport, probing, and interpretation of responses. Yet, telephones may allow respondents to feel relaxed and able to disclose sensitive information, and evidence is lacking that they produce lower quality data. This apparent bias against telephone interviews contrasts with a growing interest in electronic qualitative interviews. Research is needed comparing these modalities, and examining their impact on data quality and their use for studying varying topics and populations. Such studies could contribute evidence-based guidelines for optimizing interview data.

Novick, Gina

2011-01-01

330

Using Hermeneutics as a Qualitative Research Approach in Professional Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper is targeted primarily at doctoral students and others considering hermeneutics as a research strategy. Research using hermeneutics was carried out with occupational therapy educators and clinicians in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the UK. A total of 53 participants engaged in focus groups and individual interviews over a…

Paterson, Margo; Higgs, Joy

2005-01-01

331

E-mail interviewing in qualitative research: A methodological discussion  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article summarizes findings from studies that employed electronic mail (e-mail) for conducting in- depth interviewing. It discusses the benefits of, and the challenges associated with, using e-mail interviewing in qualitative research. The article concludes that while a mixed mode interviewing strategy should be considered when possible, e-mail interviewing can be in many cases a viable alternative to face-to-face and

Lokman I. Meho

2006-01-01

332

STEM Education Related Dissertation Abstracts: A Bounded Qualitative Meta-study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article utilizes a bounded qualitative meta-study framework to examine the 101 dissertation abstracts found by searching the ProQuest Dissertation and Theses™ digital database for dissertations abstracts from 1990 through 2010 using the search terms education, science, technology, engineer, and STEM/SMET. Professional search librarians established the search criteria used to establish the database. The overarching research question for this study was: What can we learn from the examination of doctoral dissertations abstracts that focus on the STEM education found from 1990 through 2010? The study's findings provide an overview of doctoral research related to STEM education and the discussion section focuses on quality of abstracts, questions regarding the use of the pipeline metaphor, and location of instructional innovation.

Banning, James; Folkestad, James E.

2012-12-01

333

Using Culture-Centered Qualitative Formative Research to Design Broadcast Messages for HIV Prevention for African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for formative research in designing mass media health-education messages is widely accepted; however, distinct methodologies for developing such messages are less well documented. This article describes a culture-centered approach for developing messages to promote sexual risk reduction in urban African American adolescents. The method uses qualitative formative research to identify “competing narratives” that support healthy behavior despite the

Jennifer R. Horner; Daniel Romer; Peter A. Vanable; Laura F. Salazar; Michael P. Carey; Ivan Juzang; Thierry Fortune; Ralph DiClemente; Naomi Farber; Bonita Stanton; Robert F. Valois

2008-01-01

334

Learning from physics education research: Lessons for economics education  

Microsoft Academic Search

We believe that economists have much to learn from educational research practices and related pedagogical innovations in other disciplines, in particular physics education. In this paper we identify three key features of physics education research that distinguish it from economics education research - (1) the intentional grounding of physics education research in learning science principles, (2) a shared conceptual research

Scott P. Simkins; Mark H. Maier

2008-01-01

335

Learning from Physics Education Research: Lessons for Economics Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

We believe that economists have much to learn from educational research practices and related pedagogical innovations in other disciplines, in particular physics education. In this paper we identify three key features of physics education research that distinguish it from economics education research - (1) the intentional grounding of physics education research in learning science principles, (2) a shared conceptual research

Scott P. Simkins; Mark H. Maier

2008-01-01

336

Quantitative and qualitative research in the built environment: application of “mixed” research approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Built environment research consists of cognitive and affective, as well as behavioural, components. Existing built environment research utilises either strong qualitative or, more often, strong quantitative methodologies. Aims to discuss some of the philosophical issues that would be considered when undertaking academic research into the built environment. Considers the available research options or paradigms and suggests ways in which a

Dilanthi Amaratunga; David Baldry; Marjan Sarshar; Rita Newton

2002-01-01

337

Physics Education Research User's Guide  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Physics Education Research User's Guide is a web resource providing physics educators with information on research-based methods for teaching and learning. This resource helps teachers and faculty apply the results of physics education research (PER) and teaching methods based on these results. Users can browse through dozens of teaching methods and resources, organized by type of instruction and class, research basis, topic, and similar information. The Guide provides an overview of the each method with references and related teaching strategies. The web site also provides further information about PER and a wide range of reference material and connections to the PER Community.

Mckagan, Sarah B.

2013-03-05

338

Valuing computer science education research?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper critically enquires into the value systems which rule the activities of teaching and research. This critique is intended to demonstrate the application of critical enquiry in Computer Science Education Research and therefore uses critical theory as a method of analysis. A framework of Research as a Discourse is applied to explore how the notions of research as opposed

Tony Clear

2006-01-01

339

Use of Qualitative Methods in Published Health Services and Management Research: A 10-Year Review  

PubMed Central

Over the past 10 years, the field of health services and management research has seen renewed interest in the use of qualitative research methods. This article examines the volume and characteristics of qualitative research articles published in nine major health services and management journals between 1998 and 2008. Qualitative research articles comprise 9% of research articles published in these journals. Although the publication rate of qualitative research articles has not kept pace with that of quantitative research articles, citation analysis suggests that qualitative research articles contribute comparably to the field’s knowledge base. A wide range of policy and management topics has been examined using qualitative methods. Case study designs, interviews, and documentary sources were the most frequently used methods. Half of qualitative research articles provided little or no detail about key aspects the study’s methods. Implications are discussed and recommendations are offered for promoting the publication of qualitative research.

Weiner, Bryan J.; Amick, Halle R.; Lund, Jennifer L.; Lee, Shoou-Yih Daniel; Hoff, Timothy J.

2011-01-01

340

Doing Educational Research: An Action Research Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An American teaching anesthesiology in Tanzania sought help from a member of the host culture in order to grasp cultural meanings underpinning medical education practices, using action research to develop and refine research methods and solve problems related to the need to accommodate culturally diverse students' learning needs. (SM)|

Otto, Alice; Nkanga, S.

1995-01-01

341

Getting in, getting on and getting out: reflections on a qualitative research project  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper seeks to provide a behind-the-scenes view of how a qualitative research project was conducted. It is therefore a paper about the process of qualitative research from the point of view of a researcher, rather than a qualitative research paper about an organization. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Its approach is both theoretical and reflective rather than a description or

Helen Irvine; Michael Gaffikin

2006-01-01

342

Engaging High School Students as Co-Researchers in Qualitative Research: Logistical, Methodological and Ethical Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores six phases of a research project designed specifically to engage high school students as co-researchers in a multisite qualitative study exploring perceptions of tobacco use among high school students in four schools. It describes how university researchers collaborated with the high school students and summarizes seven major…

Miller, Dana L.; McVea, Kristine L. S. P.; Creswell, John W.; Harter, Lynn; Mickelson, William; McEntarffer, Rob

343

Conducting Qualitative Research in an International and Distributed Research Team: Challenges and Lessons Learned  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we discuss challenges for planning and executing qualitative research conducted by an international research project team. The study comprised an exploratory examination of strategies of offshoring and onshoring for software development. An important methodological challenge is that the members of the research team live in different countries, rely on different languages and originate from different cultures. These

Rafael Prikladnicki; J. Roberto Evaristo; Daniela Damian; Jorge Luis Nicolas Audy

2008-01-01

344

The Transformation of Queensland JuniorSecondary School Manual Arts into Technology Education: A Qualitative Analysis of the Teacher's Role  

Microsoft Academic Search

n Queensland, changing Manual Arts and implementing a Technology Education curriculum in a systemic manner has proven to be problematic. A core group of progressive teachers has been responsible for non-systemic changes in the curriculum in some schools. The study reported here used qualitative research methods to investigate the factors which have influenced those teachers to change the curriculum. Narrative

Roy J. Barnes; Ivan R. Chester

345

Improving Educational Research and Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers some ways to improve the milieu in which educational research and development takes place, including balancing procurement methods, modifying expectations of R & D, building a political constituency and developing realistic legislative goals, obtaining continual adequate research support, and, joining researchers and practitioners.…

Krathwohl, David

1977-01-01

346

Using databases in medical education research: AMEE Guide No. 77.  

PubMed

This AMEE Guide offers an introduction to the use of databases in medical education research. It is intended for those who are contemplating conducting research in medical education but are new to the field. The Guide is structured around the process of planning your research so that data collection, management and analysis are appropriate for the research question. Throughout we consider contextual possibilities and constraints to educational research using databases, such as the resources available, and provide concrete examples of medical education research to illustrate many points. The first section of the Guide explains the difference between different types of data and classifying data, and addresses the rationale for research using databases in medical education. We explain the difference between qualitative research and qualitative data, the difference between categorical and quantitative data, and the difference types of data which fall into these categories. The Guide reviews the strengths and weaknesses of qualitative and quantitative research. The next section is structured around how to work with quantitative and qualitative databases and provides guidance on the many practicalities of setting up a database. This includes how to organise your database, including anonymising data and coding, as well as preparing and describing your data so it is ready for analysis. The critical matter of the ethics of using databases in medical educational research, including using routinely collected data versus data collected for research purposes, and issues of confidentiality, is discussed. Core to the Guide is drawing out the similarities and differences in working with different types of data and different types of databases. Future AMEE Guides in the research series will address statistical analysis of data in more detail. PMID:23621147

Cleland, Jennifer; Scott, Neil; Harrild, Kirsten; Moffat, Mandy

2013-04-22

347

The Communication Education Research Agenda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Suggests one way that the author would like to see communication educators build on the solid foundation of important communication education research successes. Concludes that contributions to this journal in the past have been much more systematic and thorough when focusing on the communication dimensions of teaching in general. Suggests that…

Friedrich, Gustav W.

2002-01-01

348

The Research on Bilingual Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews research literature on the effectiveness of bilingual education programs. Argues that scientifically valid evaluation studies offer no consistent support for transitional bilingual education as a superior practice for improving the English-language achievement of limited English proficient (LEP) children and, in fact, suggest evidence of…

Rossell, Christine H.

1990-01-01

349

A qualitative assessment of preservice elementary teachers' formative perceptions regarding engineering and K-12 engineering education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current teacher education programs provide limited instruction for preservice elementary teachers regarding the incorporation or teaching of engineering concepts and skills in their classrooms. Few studies have been conducted that focus specifically on preservice elementary teachers' formative perceptions and receptivity towards engineering education. That is, not enough is known about what preservice teachers know and think about engineering. The purpose of this qualitative research study was to investigate how forty-four preservice elementary teachers' from a large Midwestern university approached engineering design, the perceptions of engineering and K-12 engineering education that they possessed, and their level of receptiveness with regards to K-12 engineering education. Data were collected using a demographic survey, journal entries, observations, and focus group discussions. The written, verbal, and visual data collected in this study were analyzed using conventional qualitative content analysis, which consisted of inductively developing categories and codes after repeatedly examining the data. The results of the study indicate that the preservice elementary teachers did not utilize any deliberate design process when engaged in a design task. Engineering was perceived as being synonymous with construction and that engineering design consists of trial and error. Participants envisioned their students succeeding in engineering due to their students' prior knowledge, not necessarily the actions of themselves as the teacher. With regards to receptivity, participants expressed apprehension and optimism along with fear and pessimism. Tangential factors also impacted the receptivity of participants.

Culver, Dennis Eugene

350

Researching politics and the politics of research: recent qualitative studies in the UK  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this review of recent qualitative studies in the UK, we highlight tensions involved in the contemporary setting. The insertion of a market ideology into educational matters has resulted in specific policy outcomes with damaging consequences for the welfare state. Paradoxically, there is still funding available to investigate these policies. Policy work has become the dominant (funded) paradigm within the

Meg Maguire; Stephen J. Ball

1994-01-01

351

Some Thoughts about Research in Cooperative Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the status of cooperative education research; presents an analytical discussion on issues related to the evolution of cooperative education research (dissemination, graduate programs, co-op practitioners); and offers suggestions for enhancing research in cooperative education. (JOW)|

Bartkus, Kenneth R.; Stull, William A.

1997-01-01

352

A Qualitative Case Study of How Educators Collaborate and Coteach within an Inclusive Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study examined how educators collaborate and coteach within an inclusive classroom. The reauthorization of the original federal disabilities education law, Public Law 94-142, known as the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975, and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act as well as the No Child Left Behind…

Pierre, Clarine

2010-01-01

353

Evolving guidelines for publication of qualitative research studies in psychology and related fields.  

PubMed

We present a set of evolving guidelines for reviewing qualitative research, to serve four functions: to contribute to the process of legitimizing qualitative research; to ensure more appropriate and valid scientific reviews of qualitative manuscripts, theses, and dissertations; to encourage better quality control in qualitative research through better self- and other-monitoring; and to encourage further developments in approach and method. Building on a review of existing principles of good practice in qualitative research, we used an iterative process of revision and feedback from colleagues who engage in qualitative research, resulting in a set of seven guidelines common to both qualitative and quantitative research and seven guidelines especially pertinent to qualitative investigations in psychology and related social sciences. The Evolving Guidelines are subject to continuing revision and should not be used in a rigid manner, in order to avoid stifling creativity in this rapidly evolving, rich research tradition. PMID:10532145

Elliott, R; Fischer, C T; Rennie, D L

1999-09-01

354

Qualitative Research in Family Therapy: Publication Trends from 1980 to 1999  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the early 1990s, scholars from a variety of disciplines encouraged greater inclusion of qualitative research methodology in the mental health field. Moon, Dillon, and Sprenkle (1990) hoped their paper "Family therapy and qualitative research" would serve as a stimulus for further development of qualitative research in the field of family…

Faulkner, Rhonda A.; Klock, Kathryn; Gale, Jerry E.

2002-01-01

355

The iPod phenomenon: identifying a market leader's secrets through qualitative marketing research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to explore the potential for learning from customers of a market leader through qualitative marketing research. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The paper presents findings from a study that applies a combination of quantitative and qualitative research methods. An online variation of an existing qualitative research method is proposed. Findings – The results suggest that

Alexander E. Reppel; Isabelle Szmigin; Thorsten Gruber

2006-01-01

356

Surviving as a qualitative researcher in a quantitative world: a personal reflection  

Microsoft Academic Search

This autoethnography describes how a Korean woman made a decision to be a qualitative researcher, what she has confronted in a positivistic culture, and how she has survived as a qualitative researcher. The author, using self-reflection, raises issues of professional development, academic politics, and coping strategies for qualitative researchers.

Sungeun Yang

2012-01-01

357

Improving Teacher Education through Action Research. Routledge Research in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There has been a dearth of studies on teacher educators using action research to improve their own practice. This book is the first systematic study of a group of teachers examining and enhancing their own practice through the inquiry process of action research. This book presents a broad overview of a variety of methodologies that can be used to…

Hui, Ming-Fai, Ed.; Grossman, David L., Ed.

2011-01-01

358

Researching Postgraduate Educational Research in South Africa  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is about the national project to gather together information about postgraduate education research (PPER) in South Africa conducted over a ten-year period, namely 1995-2004, being the first decade in the democratic era for South Africa. The ideas informing the PPER Project are provided and the complex process of developing the PPER…

Karlsson, J.; Balfour, R.; Moletsane, R.; Pillay, G.

2009-01-01

359

How will we know "good" qualitative research when we see it? Beginning the dialogue in health services research.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To lay the foundation for an explicit review and dialogue concerning the criteria that should be used to evaluate qualitative health services research. Clear criteria are critical for the discipline because they provide a benchmark against which research can be assessed. DATA SOURCES: Existing literature in the social sciences and health services research, particularly in primary care and medicine. PRINCIPAL FINDING: Traditional criteria for evaluating qualitative research are rooted in the philosophical perspective (positivism) most closely associated with quantitative research and methods. As a result, qualitative research and methods may not be used as frequently as they can be and research results generated from qualitative studies may not be disseminated as widely as possible. However, alternative criteria for evaluating qualitative research have been proposed that reflect a different philosophical perspective (post-positivism). Moreover, these criteria are tailored to the unique purposes for which qualitative research is used and the research designs traditionally employed. While criteria based on these two different philosophical perspectives have much in common, some important differences exist. CONCLUSION: The field of health services research must engage in a collective, "qualitative" process to determine which criteria to adopt (positivist or post-positivist), or whether some combination of the two is most appropriate. Greater clarity about the criteria used to evaluate qualitative research will strengthen the discipline by fostering a more appropriate and improved use of qualitative methods, a greater willingness to fund and publish "good" qualitative research, and the development of more informed consumers of qualitative research results. Images Figure 1

Devers, K J

1999-01-01

360

Methodological Challenges in Cross-Language Qualitative Research: A Research Review  

PubMed Central

Objectives Cross-language qualitative research occurs when a language barrier is present between researchers and participants. The language barrier is frequently mediated through the use of a translator or interpreter. The purpose of this critical review of cross-language qualitative research was three fold: 1) review the methods literature addressing cross language research; 2) synthesize the methodological recommendations from the literature into a list of criteria that could evaluate how researchers methodologically managed translators and interpreters in their qualitative studies; and 3) test these criteria on published cross-language qualitative studies. Data sources A group of 40 purposively selected cross-language qualitative studies found in nursing and health sciences journals. Review methods The synthesis of the cross-language methods literature produced 14 criteria to evaluate how qualitative researchers managed the language barrier between themselves and their study participants. To test the criteria, the researcher conducted a summative content analysis framed by discourse analysis techniques of the 40 cross-language studies. Results The evaluation showed that only 6 out of 40 studies met all the criteria recommended by the cross-language methods literature for the production of trustworthy results in cross-language qualitative studies. Multiple inconsistencies, reflecting disadvantageous methodological choices by cross-language researchers, appeared in the remaining 33 studies. To name a few, these included rendering the translator or interpreter as an invisible part of the research process, failure to pilot test interview questions in the participant’s language, no description of translator or interpreter credentials, failure to acknowledge translation as a limitation of the study, and inappropriate methodological frameworks for cross-language research. Conclusions The finding about researchers making the role of the translator or interpreter invisible during the research process supports studies completed by other authors examining this issue. The analysis demonstrated that the criteria produced by this study may provide useful guidelines for evaluating cross-language research and for novice cross-language researchers designing their first studies. Finally, the study also indicates that researchers attempting cross-language studies need to address the methodological issues surrounding language barriers between researchers and participants more systematically.

Squires, Allison

2009-01-01

361

Surmounting the Unique Challenges in Health Disparities Education: A Multi-Institution Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background The National Consortium for Multicultural Education for Health Professionals (Consortium) comprises educators representing 18 US medical schools, funded by the National Institutes of Health. Collective lessons learned from curriculum implementation by principal investigators (PIs) have the potential to guide similar educational endeavors. Objective Describe Consortium PI’s self-reported challenges with curricular development, solutions and their new curricular products. Methods Information was collected from PIs over 2 months using a 53-question structured three-part questionnaire. The questionnaire addressed PI demographics, curriculum implementation challenges and solutions, and newly created curricular products. Study participants were 18 Consortium PIs. Descriptive analysis was used for quantitative data. Narrative responses were analyzed and interpreted using qualitative thematic coding. Results Response rate was 100%. Common barriers and challenges identified by PIs were: finding administrative and leadership support, sustaining the momentum, continued funding, finding curricular space, accessing and engaging communities, and lack of education research methodology skills. Solutions identified included engaging stakeholders, project-sharing across schools, advocacy and active participation in committees and community, and seeking sustainable funding. All Consortium PIs reported new curricular products and extensive dissemination efforts outside their own institutions. Conclusion The Consortium model has added benefits for curricular innovation and dissemination for cultural competence education to address health disparities. Lessons learned may be applicable to other educational innovation efforts.

Bereknyei, Sylvia; Lie, Desiree; Braddock, Clarence H.

2010-01-01

362

A qualitative and quantitative analysis of the characteristics of gout patient education resources.  

PubMed

Patient education is an important aspect of gout management, but there is evidence that many patients lack adequate knowledge of their condition. Our aim was to examine the characteristics of gout patient education resources. Ten gout patient information resources were examined for readability (Flesch-Kincaid reading level, the Simple Measure of Gobbledygook measure and the Flesch Reading Ease Score), qualitative characteristics such as figure and jargon use and whether they included information on the major points of gout. The median readability grade level of the examined resources was 8.5. The difference in readability grade level between the highest and the lowest education resource was 6.3 grade levels. The information content of the resources was high with an average of only 3.9 proposed criteria of 19 (19 %) absent from the resources. Jargon use was low and concepts were usually explained. However, important information regarding acute flare prophylaxis during urate-lowering therapy initiation and titration and treating serum uric acid to target was absent from 60 % of the patient education resources. There was poor use of key messages at the start. Gout patient resources have a wide range of readability. Thirty percent of resources were above the average reading level of rheumatology outpatients reported in previous studies. Sixty percent of gout patient resources omit education items that could impact on patient adherence and in turn patient outcomes. Further research is needed into the literacy levels and education requirements of patients with gout. PMID:23322247

Robinson, Philip C; Schumacher, H Ralph

2013-01-16

363

Between and within-site variation in qualitative implementation research  

PubMed Central

Background Multisite qualitative studies are challenging in part because decisions regarding within-site and between-site sampling must be made to reduce the complexity of data collection, but these decisions may have serious implications for analyses. There is not yet consensus on how to account for within-site and between-site variations in qualitative perceptions of the organizational context of interventions. The purpose of this study was to analyze variation in perceptions among key informants in order to demonstrate the importance of broad sampling for identifying both within-site and between-site implementation themes. Methods Case studies of four sites were compared to identify differences in how Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical centers implemented a Primary Care/Mental Health Integration (PC/MHI) intervention. Qualitative analyses focused on between-profession variation in reported referral and implementation processes within and between sites. Results Key informants identified co-location, the consultation-liaison service, space, access, and referral processes as important topics. Within-site themes revealed the importance of coordination, communication, and collaboration for implementing PC/MHI. The between-site theme indicated that the preexisting structure of mental healthcare influenced how PC/MHI was implemented at each site and that collaboration among both leaders and providers was critical to overcoming structural barriers. Conclusions Within- and between-site variation in perceptions among key informants within different professions revealed barriers and facilitators to the implementation not available from a single source. Examples provide insight into implementation barriers for PC/MHI. Multisite implementation studies may benefit from intentionally eliciting and analyzing variation within and between sites. Suggestions for implementation research design are presented.

2013-01-01

364

Improving Hawaiian and Filipino Involvement in Clinical Research Opportunities: Qualitative Findings from Hawai'i  

PubMed Central

Objective Investigate the barriers to participation in medical research that involves Asian and Pacific Islander (API) populations in Hawai'i. Participants Fifty people (27 Filipinos, 23 Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders) in five different communities on Oahu. Design Nine focus groups with an ethnically matched moderator were held to explore people's feelings, problems, and recommendations regarding medical research. Sessions were audiotaped, transcribed, and qualitatively analyzed with the constant comparison method. Results Only 12% of study participants said that they absolutely would not participate in a clinical study. Most agreed that research is vital. Filipino participants were more optimistic about the safety and value of joining in medical research. Hawaiian groups were more hesitant and fearful. Reasons for nonparticipation included negative feelings about the purpose and intent of clinical trials and language and cultural barriers. Suggestions on how to encourage API populations to participate in research investigations included improving peoples' understanding of the benefits to family and community. Hawaiian and Filipino groups differed only slightly in their assessments of the type of research needed in their communities. Conclusions Recruitment campaigns must improve people's awareness of the process of informed consent, research safeguards, and benefits to family and community. Attention should focus on K-12 health education to use members of the younger generations to access and educate elders, involving persons with medical research experience as a recruitment resource, returning results to study participants, and increasing the number of healthcare professionals and researchers that are culturally and linguistically matched to the community.

Gollin, Lisa X.; Harrigan, Rosanne C.; Perez, John; Easa, David; Calderon, Jose L.

2006-01-01

365

Litigation Strategies for Educational Equity: Bilingual Education and Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Reviews the role of bilingual education litigation in the formation of educational equity policy. Assesses the nature and role of research on minority group language achievement. Lists fourteen suggestions for future research needed in bilingual education. (MD)|

Baez, Tony; And Others

1985-01-01

366

Interviewing the Investigator: Strategies for Addressing Instrumentation and Researcher Bias Concerns in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instrumentation rigor and bias management are major challenges for qualitative researchers employing interviewing as a data generation method in their studies. A usual procedure for testing the quality of an interview protocol and for identifying potential researcher biases is the pilot study in which investigators try out their proposed methods…

Chenail, Ronald J.

2011-01-01

367

The Use of CAQDAS in Educational Research: Some Advantages, Limitations and Potential Risks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The use of qualitative analysis software has become extremely popular over the recent years; educational researchers now have a range of tools at their disposal, from the ubiquitous word processor to more specialized computer packages. This paper deals with the use of CAQDAS (computer-assisted qualitative data analysis software) in educational

Garcia-Horta, Jose Baltazar; Guerra-Ramos, Maria Teresa

2009-01-01

368

Mobilising Research Knowledge in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The field of knowledge mobilisation (KM) addresses the multiple ways in which stronger connections can be made between research, policy and practice. This paper reviews the current situation around knowledge mobilisation in education. It addresses changing understandings of KM, considers some of the main issues in conducting empirical research in…

Levin, Ben

2011-01-01

369

Mobilising Research Knowledge in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The field of knowledge mobilisation (KM) addresses the multiple ways in which stronger connections can be made between research, policy and practice. This paper reviews the current situation around knowledge mobilisation in education. It addresses changing understandings of KM, considers some of the main issues in conducting empirical research in…

Levin, Ben

2011-01-01

370

The pedagogy of higher educationResearch problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Until recently pedagogics has concentrated on elementary and secondary education. With the expansion of higher education it is important to apply the principles of pedagogic theory to higher education. Qualitative, as well as quantitative aspects should be considered. The aim should be to develop a system which is effective and adequate in terms of the needs of contemporary society.

Zofia Kietlinska

1972-01-01

371

Qualitative methods in sport: a concise overview for guiding social scientific sport research  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper offers a concise overview of qualitative methods in sport and the social sciences. A broad definition of qualitative research is first offered, after which various qualitative traditions – ethnography, grounded theory, narrative inquiry and critical inquiry – are described. After describing these traditions, the paper highlights several ways in which social scientific sport researchers might collect data for

Brett Smith; Nick Caddick

2012-01-01

372

Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. Volumes III [and] IV.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two volumes of a handbook on theory and research in higher education are presented. The 11 papers included in Volume III are as follows: "Qualitative Research Methods in Higher Education" (R. Crowson); "Bricks and Mortar: Architecture and the Study of Higher Education" (J. Thelin and J. Yankovich); "Enrollment Demand Models and Their Policy Uses…

Smart, John C., Ed.

373

An Emergent Research Agenda for the Field of Jewish Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article provides a qualitative analysis of the chapters of the forthcoming "What We NOW Know About Jewish Education" (to be published by Torah Aura, Spring 2008). The findings of this analysis outline an agenda for further research by highlighting a number of emergent themes pertaining to the practical and conceptual challenges that lie…

Bloomberg, Linda Dale

2007-01-01

374

Critical Arts-Based Research in Education: Performing Undocumented Historias  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article seeks to elucidate and academically position the genre of critical arts-based research in education. The article fuses Critical Race Theory (CRT), life history and performance, alongside work with undocumented American students of Mexican origin, to show how a politicised qualitative paradigmatic re envisioning can occur in which…

Bagley, Carl; Castro-Salazar, Ricardo

2012-01-01

375

Qualitative Research Genres in the IS Literature: Emerging Issues and Potential Implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this opinion piece, we provide a critical commentary on the arena of qualitative research in IS. We reflect on why reviewer or editorial evaluations of manuscripts, with respect to methodological issues in qualitative studies, often come across as ''prejudiced.\\

Suprateek Sarker

2007-01-01

376

Educational Reform as Innovation: A Qualitative Study on the Perceptions of Brazilian Agricultural School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This qualitative study examines the perceptions of federally supported agricultural school teachers toward the attributes of two educational innovations brought by the educational reform currently undergoing in Brazil--the separation between academic and professional education and the emergence of the competency-based modular curriculum. The…

Leite, Francisco Carlos T.; Baggett, Connie D.; Radhakrishna, Rama B.

2004-01-01

377

Enacting Subjectivities in Educational History: Methodological Reflections on the Use of Qualitative Interviews for History Writing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two studies of the formation of pupils' subjectivities within the Danish school and educational system in the period 1945-2005 create the framework for a methodological discussion of how subjectivities in educational history can be studied. Both studies use qualitative interviews as a way of studying subject formations in educational history.…

Bjerg, Helle; Rasmussen, Lisa Rosen

2008-01-01

378

Wisconsin Center for Education Research  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Established in 1964, the Wisconsin Center for Education Research (WCER) at the University of Wisconsin, is one of the oldest and largest university-based education research and development centers. With annual funding exceeding $25 million from a variety of sources (such as the National Science Foundation), WCER employs close to 350 faculty, staff, and graduate students working at one of the many long-term projects and centers. Along with taking a look at the Center's staff profiles and long-term research and evaluation projects, some of the Center's many websites are worth a look. Many of them contain helpful working papers and additional data, such as the Diversity in Mathematics Educations site or the equally helpful Research Institute on Secondary Education Reform. If this wealth of material weren't enough to pique the interest of the web-browsing public, visitors can also sign up to receive WCER Today, the electronic newsletter which provides information about new research reports, working papers, and feature stories featured on their site.

379

Evaluating meta-ethnography: a synthesis of qualitative research on lay experiences of diabetes and diabetes care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Interest in how qualitative health research might be used more widely to inform health policy and medical practice is growing. Synthesising findings from individual qualitative studies may be one method but application of conventional systematic review methodology to qualitative research presents significant philosophical and practical challenges. The aim here was to examine the feasibility of synthesising qualitative research using qualitative

Rona Campbell; Pandora Pound; Catherine Pope; Nicky Britten; Roisin Pill; Myfanwy Morgan; Jenny Donovan

2003-01-01

380

Interviews in qualitative nursing research: differing approaches for ethnographic and phenomenological studies.  

PubMed

Interviews form an essential part of data collection for many qualitative nursing studies. Information about how to individualize interview formats to meet the purpose and style of specific qualitative research approaches, however, is not readily accessible to the researcher. This paper offers an overview of use of the interviewer as an instrument in qualitative research, as well as ways in which the differing purposes and styles of ethnographic and phenomenological research approaches affect the format for the interview. PMID:7665776

Sorrell, J M; Redmond, G M

1995-06-01

381

Self-Care and the Qualitative Researcher: When Collecting Data Can Break Your Heart  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conducting qualitative research on topics that are emotionally laden can have a powerful impact on the researcher. Recent literature addresses the essential nature of the emotional connection that must be part of the qualitative research process. However, for the most part, it neglects the issue of self-care strategies for the researcher that are…

Rager, Kathleen B.

2005-01-01

382

The use of qualitative research methodology in orthopaedics – tell it as it is  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article reviews the relatively weak position of qualitative research within health care in the UK. A comparison is made between quantitative and qualitative paradigms of research from the perspective of health care professionals. The tensions and paradoxes between nursing and medical research in orthopaedics are made explicit. Reliability and validity are taken as cornerstones of both types of research,

Peter Davis

2002-01-01

383

Provision of Research Support Services to ODL Learners by Tutors: A Focus on the Zimbabwe Open University's Bachelor of Education (Educational Management) Research Students' Supervision Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study examined the ODL learners' perceptions of the quality of provision of research support services to the ODL learners by tutors. It focused on the Zimbabwe Open University's (ZOU) Bachelor of Education (Educational Management) research students' experiences. It was a qualitative multiple case study of four of the 10 Regional Centres of…

Mapolisa, Tichaona

2012-01-01

384

Scientific Culture and Educational Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires federal grantees to use their funds on evidence-based strategies. The law includes definitions of research quality, which are also featured prominently in the administration’s strategic plan and in draft language for the re-authorization of the U.S. Office of Educational Research and Improvement. These initiatives pose a rare opportunity and formidable challenge

Michael J. Feuer; Lisa Towne; Richard J. Shavelson

2002-01-01

385

Mathematics Education Research: 1985 in Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports developments in mathematics education research for 1985. Items discussed are: (1) establishment of the Mathematical Sciences Education Board; (2) Journal for Research in Mathematics Education monograph series; (3) National Council of Teachers of Mathematics Research Advisory Committee Research Award Program; (4) Research Agenda Project;…

Journal for Research in Mathematics Education, 1986

1986-01-01

386

Science versus Basic Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One goal of basic research in education is to identify the variables of effective instruction. As this pursuit has been conceived, however, its theoretical problems make it unlikely that the effort will provide a clear picture of instructional variables, their interactions, or the kind of teacher training that is implied by instructional variables.

Engelmann, Siegfried

2008-01-01

387

Fine Arts Education. Research Brief  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|What are the benefits of a Fine Arts education? With the advent of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2000, extreme pressure has been put on schools to concentrate the majority of their efforts and resources on reading, math and science skills. Yet, NCLB also states that every child should be well-versed in the arts. Some research has shown that…

Walker, Karen

2006-01-01

388

Researching Race in Mathematics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Within mathematics education research, policy, and practice, race remains undertheorized in relation to mathematics learning and participation. Although race is characterized in the sociological and critical theory literatures as socially and politically constructed with structural expressions, most studies of differential outcomes in…

Martin, Danny Bernard

2009-01-01

389

The Nature of Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Research in Postgraduate Education Research in South Africa: 1995-2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely known that there is a dearth of education research in South Africa which takes as its methodological basis experimentation. The emphasis has been on educators' and learners' experiential understanding in the first decade of democracy after apartheid, when qualitative research predominated. The article investigates, first, the extent…

Goba, B.; Balfour, R. J.; Nkambule, T.

2011-01-01

390

Challenges and opportunities in conducting educational research in the computer science classroom: how to collect empirical evidence to assess whether students really learned (abstract only)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This workshop will provide CS educators with tools to conduct educational research. Primary objectives of this workshop are: (1) learn basic principles of educational research; (2) learn about educational research designs: qualitative vs. quantitative; experimental vs. quasi-experimental; case studies, survey; and (3) to practice designing research. This workshop will help participants make informed decisions when faced with limitations of educational

Aman Yadav; John Tim Korb

2012-01-01

391

Arkansas Educational Research Stimulation Project. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the Arkansas Educational Research Stimulation project was to encourage educational research in higher education institutions in the State and to foster a high quality product. Activities of the project were initiatory seminars and workshops on educational and institutional research conducted at both the institutional and…

Chamberlin, Gary D.

392

2006 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2006 Physics Education Research Conference brought together researchers studying a wide variety of topics in physics education including transfer of knowledge, learning in upper level physics courses, pre-service education, and cross-disciplinary learning. The theme of this conference was "Discipline-Based Education Research in Other STEM Disciplines."

2009-10-25

393

Art Practice as Research in the Classroom: A New Paradigm in Art Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The artmaking process is increasingly accepted in experimental forms of qualitative ethnographic, narrative, and phenomenological research in the social sciences, psychology, and education. Some artists and art educators are taking idea of using art practice in research a step further and claiming that art practice is research. That is to say,…

Marshall, Julia; D'Adamo, Kimberley

2011-01-01

394

Connecting Research in Physics Education with Teacher Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This book from the International Commission on Physics Education (ICPE) makes available the results of research in physics education to physics educators working with pre- or in-service physics teachers. Three editions are avaiable, in English, French, and Spanish.

Tiberghien, Andrãâ©e; Jossem, E. L.; Barojas, Jorge

2009-05-18

395

Connecting Research in Physics Education with Teacher Education  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This book from the International Commission on Physics Education (ICPE) makes available the results of research in physics education to physics educators working with pre- or in-service physics teachers. Three editions are avaiable, in English, French, and Spanish.

2003-10-10

396

The importance of context: Qualitative research and the study of leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of qualitative research in the study of leadership is growing and its impact on the field is beginning to be felt. This article outlines some of the advantages of qualitative investigations of leadership and reports the results of an investigation of police leadership in England in which a qualitative approach was employed. Drawing on ideas from the New

Alan Bryman; Mike Stephens; Charlotte à Campo

1996-01-01

397

A Study Combining Criticism and Qualitative Research Techniques for Appraising Classroom Media.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qualitative criticism is a method of understanding things, actions, and events within a social framework. It is a method of acquiring knowledge to guide decision making based on local knowledge and a synthesis of principles from criticism and qualitative research. The function of qualitative criticism is centered with Richard Rorty's theoretical…

Swartz, James D.

398

Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research (COREQ): a 32-item checklist for interviews and focus groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Qualitative research explores complex phenomena encountered by clinicians, health care providers, policy makers and consumers. Although partial checklists are available, no consolidated reporting framework exists for any type of qualitative design. Objective. To develop a checklist for explicit and comprehensive reporting of qualitative studies (indepth interviews and focus groups). Methods. We performed a comprehensive search in Cochrane and Campbell

ALLISON TONG; PETER SAINSBURY; JONATHAN CRAIG

2007-01-01

399

Teaching Qualitative Research: Using Theory to Inform Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers how theories of instructional scaffolding--which call for a skilled expert to teach a novice a new task by breaking it into smaller pieces--might be employed in graduate-level qualitative methods courses. The author discusses how she used instructional scaffolding in the design and delivery of a qualitative methods course…

Sallee, Margaret W.

2010-01-01

400

Road to Equality in South African Education: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

South Africa is currently experiencing a crisis in its educational systems that if not addressed, could threaten the stability of the newly established democracy. A lack of access to quality education and severe shortage of skilled trained educators is perpetuating vestiges of the old apartheid state in the nation. Approximately 6,000 students…

O'Brien, Kevin

2010-01-01

401

A Qualitative Study of Social Development Paradoxes in Guatemala Using the Research Poem  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory, qualitative study investigates the perceptions of Guatemalans regarding the impact of tourism and migration in Antigua, Guatemala. The vehicle of data representation is the research poem, a new and valuable innovation within qualitative research. The research poems presented were derived from twenty-two interviews with owners and directors of language schools and the Maya of Antigua. The sociohistorical factors

Rich Furman

2006-01-01

402

Qualitative Research: An Introduction. Purposes, Methodology, Criteria for Judgment, and a Rationale for Mixed Methodology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qualitative research is research that attempts not only to understand the world, but also to understand it through the eyes of the participants whose world it is. Consequently, qualitative research must occur in a natural setting. The study begins, not with hypotheses to be proved or disproved, but with a flexible plan to explore a phenomenon.…

Wilson, Vicki A.

403

2008 Physics Education Research Conference Proceedings  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The 2008 Physics Education Research Conference brought together researchers studying a wide variety of topics in physics education. The conference theme was âPhysics Education Research with Diverse Student Populationsâ. Researchers specializing in diversity issues were invited to help establish a dialog and spur discussion about how the results from this work can inform the physics education research community. The organizers encouraged physics education researchers who are using research-based instructional materials with non-traditional students at either the pre-college level or the college level to share their experiences as instructors and researchers in these classes.

2009-10-25

404

Research Bulletin of the National Institute for Educational Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This bulletin contains English translations of two original research papers dealing with education in Japan. Summaries in English of research activities of the Japanese National Institute for Educational Research (NIER) are also included. The first research paper is a "Survey of Opinions Concerning the Reform of Compulsory Education." After World…

National Inst. for Educational Research, Tokyo (Japan).

405

Research of Education Issues in Southern Regional Education Board States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, which focuses on education in Louisiana, gives the results of research on various education issues in Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) states and provides information on how southern states collect and use different education-related data. The article discusses education costs and revenues, as well as how financial, student,…

Louisiana State Legislative Auditor, Baton Rouge.

406

Developing a Reflective Practitioner Through the Connection Between Educational Research and Reflective Practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper outlines the connection between qualitative research methods in education and teacher reflective practices as they relate to Valli's (Reflective teacher education: cases and critiques. State University of New York Press, Albany, 1992; Peabody J Educ 72(1): 67-88, 1997) model of reflection. Using the authors' own experiences in performing and guiding educational research, and existing research in the field of teacher education pertaining to reflective practitioners, explicit connections are made between the two paradigms. These connections illustrate the importance of integrating authentic research experiences into the teacher education curriculum outside the context of methods courses, much like models established in the sciences.

Del Carlo, Dawn; Hinkhouse, Holly; Isbell, Leah

2010-02-01

407

Research Agenda for Computer Science Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the nature and scope of computer science education (CSE) research. We first distinguish CSE research from other forms of educational research, outlining its aims and identity as a research discipline. In examining the state of the art of CSE research, we attempt to categorise past research studies into general themes, reflecting the diverse contributions to CSE made

Christian Holmboe; Linda McIver; Carlisle George

2001-01-01

408

Using Educational Research: A School Administrator's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this book is to help school administrators who use educational research by describing and explaining the components of research and skills of researchers. Chapter 1 defines educational research. Chapter 2 describes streams of research on particular administrative problems. Chapter 3 illustrates the conduct of a research review and…

Haller, Emil J.; Kleine, Paul F.

409

Ignorance, Environmental Education Research and Design Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the relatively new discipline of design education we have the opportunity to frame the way that design education is formulated. The relative lack of theorists in the field of design education studies leaves unquestioned the relevance of conventional practices of design education that are premised on only tangentially relevant Art, Science and…

Barron, Deirdre; Jackson, Simon; Anderson, Lyndon

2005-01-01

410

Using Qualitative Research to Generate Questions and Contextualize Writing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the strengths of a qualitative study of the effectiveness of environmental impact statements. Notes that the study explores an ill-defined area and relates writing to the situation in which it occurs. (RS)|

Winsor, Dorothy A.

1993-01-01

411

Annual Report, 1995. California Educational Research Cooperative.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The California Educational Research Cooperative (CERC) of the School of Education, University of California, Riverside, was established in 1988 as a joint venture designed to bring educational professionals and researchers together. CERC is a partnership among the Riverside and San Bernadino County Offices of Education, 19 local school districts,…

Zykowski, Jane L.; And Others

412

Examining factors associated with intrinsic motivation in physical education: a qualitative approach1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives. To provide further information regarding factors associated with students' intrinsic motivation in physical education using a qualitative approach. Design and Methods. Sixteen in-depth interviews were conducted with secondary physical education students who were selected from a pool of 254 students on the basis of their score on relevant question- naires. Results. Analyses of interview transcripts revealed that factors associated

Maria Hassandra; Marios Goudas; Stiliani Chroni

413

Educators' perceptions of continuing professional development for teachers in South Africa: A qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effectiveness of educational reform initiatives depends on the quality of teachers. Professional development (PD) of teachers has therefore become a major focal point of school improvement initiatives. The National Policy Framework for Teacher Education and Development (2007) attempts to address the need for suitably qualified teachers in South Africa. The study discussed in this article was qualitative within purposefully

G. M. Steyn

2010-01-01

414

Positive Outcomes of Volunteering as a Peer Educator: A Qualitative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examines the suspected positive outcomes of participating as a volunteer in a peer education program. To address a need for empirical studies, the authors conducted a qualitative evaluation of 21 narratives written by graduating educators. Three raters analyzed these narratives through content analysis, supported by strong inter-rater…

Badura, Amy S.; Millard, Michele; Johnson, Christine; Stewart, Amber; Bartolomei, Steve

415

Prepracticum Service-Learning in Counselor Education: A Qualitative Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepracticum service-learning (PPSL) was investigated through a qualitative case study of a counselor education program. Participants were PPSL instructors, coordinators, and alumni of the selected program. As it relates to the counselor education program under study, this article illustrates perceived effects of PPSL on student counselors'…

Jett, Steven T.; Delgado-Romero, Edward A.

2009-01-01

416

What supports physiotherapists' use of research in clinical practice? A qualitative study in Sweden  

PubMed Central

Background Evidence-based practice has increasingly been recognized as a priority by professional physiotherapy organizations and influential researchers and clinicians in the field. Numerous studies in the past decade have documented that physiotherapists hold generally favorable attitudes to evidence-based practice and recognize the importance of using research to guide their clinical practice. Research has predominantly investigated barriers to research use. Less is known about the circumstances that actually support use of research by physiotherapists. This study explores the conditions at different system levels that physiotherapists in Sweden perceive to be supportive of their use of research in clinical practice. Methods Patients in Sweden do not need a referral from a physician to consult a physiotherapist and physiotherapists are entitled to choose and perform any assessment and treatment technique they find suitable for each patient. Eleven focus group interviews were conducted with 45 physiotherapists, each lasting between 90 and 110 minutes. An inductive approach was applied, using topics rather than questions to allow the participants to generate their own questions and pursue their own priorities within the framework of the aim. The data were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. Results Analysis of the data yielded nine favorable conditions at three system levels supporting the participant’s use of research in clinical practice: two at the individual level (attitudes and motivation concerning research use; research-related knowledge and skills), four at the workplace level (leadership support; organizational culture; research-related resources; knowledge exchange) and three at the extra-organizational level (evidence-based practice guidelines; external meetings, networks, and conferences; academic research and education). Conclusions Supportive conditions for physiotherapists’ use of research exist at multiple interdependent levels, including the individual, workplace, and extra-organizational levels. Research use in physiotherapy appears to be an interactive and interpretative social process that involves a great deal of interaction with various people, including colleagues and patients.

2013-01-01

417

Network Services for Library Education and Research.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Network services for library education and research should include access to: documentation and personnel in combination for research and education and instructional laboratories, instructional packages and testing, and curriculum information for educatio...

J. A. Tessier

1970-01-01

418

Quantitative vs. Qualitative Approaches to Quality Special Education Program Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One in a series of issue papers commissioned by the Council of Administrators of Special Education (CASE), this document presents a comparison of contemporary evaluation approaches for special education programs. The first section describes the two approaches to be compared: (1) traditional scientific inquiry which emphasizes quantitative…

Council of Administrators of Special Education, Inc.

419

Legislative Decision-Making on Education Issues: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this descriptive, single case study was to provide knowledge and insight about state education policy-making, specifically, the process by which education-related bills pass through a legislature. This study was also designed to identify factors of influence shaping legislative decision-making as perceived by lawmakers and observers…

Canfield-Davis, Kathy; Jain, Sachin

2010-01-01

420

Student Retention in Higher Education in Turkey: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this article is to investigate student perceptions of college departure in three state universities in Turkey. Since the beginning of the 1990s, higher Education System in Turkey went through a massification of higher education. The rapid growth brought enrollment and dropout issues in the system. A total of 58 participants were…

Aypay, Ahmet; Cekic, Osman; Boyaci, Adnan

2013-01-01

421

Special Educators and Mathematics Phobia: An Initial Qualitative Investigation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Special educators are uniquely challenged to be content experts in all curricular areas, including mathematics, because students in their caseloads may require academic instruction in any area. However, special educators with math phobia may be limited in their ability to provide effective instruction to their students with mathematical deficits…

Humphrey, Michael; Hourcade, Jack J.

2010-01-01

422

Reflections on Experimental Research in Medical Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As medical education research advances, it is important that education researchers employ rigorous methods for conducting and reporting their investigations. In this article we discuss several important yet oft neglected issues in designing experimental research in education. First, randomization controls for only a subset of possible…

Cook, David A.; Beckman, Thomas J.

2010-01-01

423

The Current Status of STEM Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper explores the current Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education research base through an analysis of articles from eight journals focused on the STEM disciplines. Analyzed are both practitioner and research publications to determine the current scope of STEM education research, where current STEM education

Brown, Josh

2012-01-01

424

Moving Forward in Inclusive Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper aims to address conceptual and methodological challenges of doing research in the field of inclusive education and revisit school effectiveness research literature to inform future research. First, we present the rationale for inclusive education and briefly review the evolution of special needs education. Then, we discuss limitations…

Erten, Ozlem; Savage, Robert Samuel

2012-01-01

425

Evaluating Classroom Practices Using Qualitative Research Methods: Defining and Refining the Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract:We describe the evolution of qualitative research practices across several years of field testing the Learning by Design ,curriculum. A variety ,of methods ,have been employed ,for the purpose of developing ,a deeper ,understanding ,of learning ,and the learner. Our ,approach ,to qualitative research has changed over time as our evaluation goals have evolved, as no one practice is appropriate

Barbara Burks Fasse; Janet L. Kolodner

426

Focus Groups: A Qualitative Method Complementing Quantitative Research for Studying Culturally Diverse Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

Context: Focus groups are becoming an important method for conduct- ing qualitative research in health care. This strategy enables information to be gathered on the perceptions, beliefs, and values of a group's participants and is particularly well suited to addressing cultural characteristics that impact on a population's health status. As nations become more culturally diverse, qualitative research will likely play

JOSELUIS CALDERON; RICHARD S. BAKER; KENNETH E. WOLF

2000-01-01

427

Theory Building in Qualitative Research and Computer Programs for the Management of Textual Data  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article refers to recent debates about the potential methodological costs and benefits of computer use in qualitative research and about the relationship between methodological approaches (eg. 'Grounded Theory') on the one hand and computer-aided methods of qualitative research on the other. It is argued that the connection between certain computer-aided strategies and methodological approaches is far more loose than

Kelle

1997-01-01

428

Using Qualitative Research to Develop Culturally Competent Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Kazdin pointed out that the requirement for evidence-based practice (EBP) has made the long-standing gap between research and practice in clinical psychology even more salient. He offered several strategies for bridging this gap: investigating mechanisms and moderators of therapeutic change, and qualitative research. We agree that qualitative

Silverstein, Louise Bordeaux; Auerbach, Carl F.

2009-01-01

429

Using Qualitative Research to Develop Culturally Competent Evidence-Based Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Kazdin pointed out that the requirement for evidence-based practice (EBP) has made the long-standing gap between research and practice in clinical psychology even more salient. He offered several strategies for bridging this gap: investigating mechanisms and moderators of therapeutic change, and qualitative research. We agree that qualitative

Silverstein, Louise Bordeaux; Auerbach, Carl F.

2009-01-01

430

Building Connections: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of Qualitative Research Students' Learning Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper describes a phenomenological study in which the authors explored students' experiences learning qualitative research in a variety of academic fields. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with six participants from various academic fields who had completed at least one post-secondary-school-level qualitative research

Cooper, Robin; Fleischer, Anne; Cotton, Fatima A.

2012-01-01

431

Qualitative research in marketing : Road-map for a wilderness of complexityand unpredictability  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To discuss and analyse three themes in qualitative research in marketing which are objects of both frustration and confusion: analysis and interpretation; theory generation; and a quest for scientific pluralism and individual researcher lifestyles. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Underpinning the discussion is that complexity, ambiguity, fuzziness, chaos, change, uncertainty and unpredictability are characteristics of a market economy; that qualitative and

Evert Gummesson

2005-01-01

432

Applying qualitative and quantitative research: a social impact assessment of a fishery  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasingly, human geographers are being encouraged to combine qualitative and quantitative research approaches. The combination involves more than simply juxtaposing approaches; instead, some of the barriers between them need to be removed. This, however, is often easier said than done. Here we address the issue of combining qualitative and quantitative research approaches through a concrete example: a social impact assessment

Matt Bradshaw; Les Wood; Sandra Williamson

2001-01-01

433

Writing Interview Protocols and Conducting Interviews: Tips for Students New to the Field of Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students new to doing qualitative research in the ethnographic and oral traditions, often have difficulty creating successful interview protocols. This article offers practical suggestions for students new to qualitative research for both writing interview protocol that elicit useful data and for conducting the interview. This piece was originally…

Jacob, Stacy A.; Furgerson, S. Paige

2012-01-01

434

Solicited diary studies of psychotherapy in qualitative research–pros and cons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diary studies are scarce within the field of qualitative psychotherapy research. In this article arguments for and against the employment of solicited diary studies in qualitative psychotherapy research are investigated. The strengths of diary studies are presented along with arguments concerning their pertinence to the field. Limitations and potential critiques regarding the use of diaries are also addressed.

Thomas Mackrill

2008-01-01

435

Reaction to Special Section on Qualitative Research in Counseling Process and Outcome  

Microsoft Academic Search

The publication of a special section of 8 qualitative studies in the Journal of Counseling Psychology marks a growing recognition of the contribution that qualitative research can make to the discipline. The researchers of the 8 studies used an adaptation of the grounded theory method as their design. The theories generated by the studies are positively evaluated with constructivist criteria.

Donald E. Polkinghorne

1994-01-01

436

Two (Very) Different Worlds: The Cultures of Policymaking and Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article brackets assumptions embedded in the framing of this special issue on "problematizing methodological simplicity in qualitative research" in a effort to understand why policymakers put pressure on all types of researchers, including those who use qualitative methods, to provide relatively simple, even somewhat mechanistic portrayals…

Donmoyer, Robert

2012-01-01

437

Methods for the thematic synthesis of qualitative research in systematic reviews  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: There is a growing recognition of the value of synthesising qualitative research in the evidence base in order to facilitate effective and appropriate health care. In response to this, methods for undertaking these syntheses are currently being developed. Thematic analysis is a method that is often used to analyse data in primary qualitative research. This paper reports on the

James Thomas; Angela Harden

2008-01-01

438

Research facility access & science education  

SciTech Connect

As Congress voted to terminate the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) Laboratory in October of 1993, the Department of Energy was encouraged to maximize the benefits to the nation of approximately $2 billion which had already been expended to date on its evolution. Having been recruited to Texas from other intellectually challenging enclaves around the world, many regional scientists, especially physicists, of course, also began to look for viable ways to preserve some of the potentially short-lived gains made by Texas higher education in anticipation of {open_quotes}the SSC era.{close_quotes} In fact, by November, 1993, approximately 150 physicists and engineers from thirteen Texas universities and the SSC itself, had gathered on the SMU campus to discuss possible re-uses of the SSC assets. Participants at that meeting drew up a petition addressed to the state and federal governments requesting the creation of a joint Texas Facility for Science Education and Research. The idea was to create a facility, open to universities and industry alike, which would preserve the research and development infrastructure and continue the educational mission of the SSC.

Rosen, S.P. [Univ. of Texas, Arlington, TX (United States); Teplitz, V.L. [Southern Methodist Univ., Dallas, TX (United States). Physics Dept.

1994-10-01

439

The Journal Project and the I in Qualitative Research: Three Theoretical Lenses on Subjectivity and Self  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|From the beginnings of qualitative research in the late 19th century to today, researchers have struggled to make sense of the notion of self or subjectivity; in other words, the I in the research. We ask ourselves: Who is the researcher? How is their notion of self present during research? How is research a site for contested notions of self?…

Davidson, Judith

2012-01-01

440

Critical Race Studies in Education: Examining a Decade of Research on U.S. Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors critically synthesize how Critical Race Theory (CRT) as an emerging field of inquiry has been used as a tool of critique and analysis in K-12 education research. The authors point out that CRT has been used as a framework for examining: persistent racial inequities in education, qualitative research methods, pedagogy and practice, the schooling experiences

Marvin Lynn; Laurence Parker

2006-01-01

441

Developing Investigative Entry Points: Exploring the Use of Quantitative Methods in English Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Although many research questions in English education demand the use of qualitative methods, this paper will briefly explore how English education researchers and doctoral students may use statistics and quantitative methods to inform, complement, and/or deepen their inquiries. First, the authors will provide a general overview of the survey…

McGraner, Kristin L.; Robbins, Daniel

2010-01-01

442

Knowing and "Unknowing" Transnational Latino Lives in Teacher Education: At the Intersection of Educational Research and the Latino Humanities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qualitative and ethnographic research in immigrant/Diaspora education has contributed significantly to prospective and practicing teachers' "unknowing" of Latino families as culturally deficient. Engagement with this scholarship in teacher education has opened the possibilities for a more complex knowing of Latino families' and youth's lives.…

Villenas, Sofia A.

2009-01-01

443

Taking the “Q” Out of Research: Teaching Research Methodology Courses Without the Divide Between Quantitative and Qualitative Paradigms  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this paper is to provide evidence that the debate between quantitative and qualitative is divisive and, hence, counterproductive for advancing the social and behavioral science field. We advocate that all graduate students learn to utilize and to appreciate both quantitative and qualitative research methodologies. As such, students will develop into pragmatist researchers who are able to utilize

Anthony J. Onwuegbuzie; Nancy L. Leech

2005-01-01

444

Qualitative Methods in Health Research: Opportunities and Considerations in Application and Review.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research sponsored a workshop on September 30 and October 1, 1999, entitled Qualitative Methods in Health Research: Opportunities and Considerations in Application and Review. The workshop was organized by the ...

2005-01-01

445

Comparative Adult Education. The Position of Adult Education Research. Recent Planning Work of Adult Education and Research in Finland. The Contents of Adult Education Research in Five Countries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This issue examines the following topics: comparative adult education (its scientific status and development), adult education research activity in system analysis, the inner structure of the system of adult education, adult education research and recently completed planning work, and the contents of adult education research in West Germany,…

Pantzar, Eero

1985-01-01

446

MEANING-MAKING IN QUALITATIVE RESEARCH: ISSUES OF RIGOUR IN A TEAM-BASED APPROACH  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores processes of meaning-making and modes of knowing in a largely qualitative, industry-based study of competency-based training, conducted by research teams throughout Australia. Implications of differing epistemological perspectives of researchers are examined and suggestions for enhancing the rigour of team-based qualitative research studies are made. This paper describes the methodology and some of the research practices of a

Pauline James; Dianne Mulcahy

1999-01-01

447

Is the qualitative research interview an acceptable medium for research with palliative care patients and carers?  

PubMed Central

Background Contradictory evidence exists about the emotional burden of participating in qualitative research for palliative care patients and carers and this raises questions about whether this type of research is ethically justified in a vulnerable population. This study aimed to investigate palliative care patients' and carers' perceptions of the benefits and problems associated with open interviews and to understand what causes distress and what is helpful about participation in a research interview. Methods A descriptive qualitative study. The data were collected in the context of two studies exploring the experiences of care of palliative care patients and carers. The interviews ended with questions about patients' and carers' thoughts on participating in the studies and whether this had been a distressing or helpful event. We used a qualitative descriptive analysis strategy generated from the interviews and the observational and interactional data obtained in the course of the study. Results The interviews were considered helpful: sharing problems was therapeutic and being able to contribute to research was empowering. However, thinking about the future was reported to be the most challenging. Consent forms were sometimes read with apprehension and being physically unable to sign was experienced as upsetting. Interviewing patients and carers separately was sometimes difficult and not always possible. Conclusion The open interview enables the perspectives of patients and carers to be heard, unfettered from the structure of closed questions. It also enables those patients or carers to take part who would be unable to participate in other study designs. The context is at least as important as the format of the research interview taking into account the relational circumstances with carers and appropriate ways of obtaining informed consent. Retrospective consent could be a solution to enhancing participants control over the interview.

Gysels, Marjolein; Shipman, Cathy; Higginson, Irene J

2008-01-01

448

Citizenship Education, Policy, and the Educationalization of Educational Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this essay, Naomi Hodgson reconsiders the value of Michel Foucault's normalization thesis to the study of educationalization in relation to contemporary educational policy and research. Hodgson begins by analyzing educational researchers' response to the recent introduction of citizenship education in England, focusing specifically on a review…

Hodgson, Naomi

2008-01-01

449

Enhancing the Qualitative-Research Culture in Family Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Ralph LaRossa (2012) did a fine job of identifying three issues that authors of qualitative submissions to the "Journal of Marriage and Family" ("JMF") should take into account because reviewers are likely to attend to them. His intention was to assist communication between authors and reviewers in order to "increase the representation of…

Matthews, Sarah H.

2012-01-01

450

Why Underage College Students Drink in Excess: Qualitative Research Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Background: Excessive alcohol consumption by underage students is a serious and persistent problem facing most U.S. colleges and universities. Purpose: This qualitative study explores why underage students engage in high-risk drinking and examines motivational cues that may serve as behavioral deterrents. Methods: Focus groups were conducted with…

Dodd, Virginia; Glassman, Tavis; Arthur, Ashley; Webb, Monica; Miller, Maureen

2010-01-01

451

HBHE 753\\/NUTR 753 Qualitative Research Methods Instructor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through the course, students will be expected to conduct their own qualitative study on a topic chosen by the instructor. Students will work individually to collect data through in- depth interviews, focus group discussions and observations. They will work in small groups to analyze this data, and present the results of the analysis. Students will submit their interview guides and

Suzanne Maman; Elizabeth King

452

Different Forms of Work Satisfaction: Concept and Qualitative Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The extended model of different forms of work satisfaction (Büssing, 1991), originally proposed by Bruggemann (1974), is suggested as a distinctive qualitative approach to work satisfaction. Six forms of work satisfaction—progressive, stabilized, resigned satisfaction, constructive, fixated, resigned dissatisfaction—are derived from the constellation of four constituent variables: comparison of the actual work situation and personal aspirations, global satisfaction, changes in level

André Büssing; Thomas Bissels

1998-01-01

453

Critical arts?based research in education: performing undocumented historias  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article seeks to elucidate and academically position the genre of critical arts?based research in education. The article fuses Critical Race Theory (CRT), life history and performance, alongside work with undocumented American students of Mexican origin, to show how a politicised qualitative paradigmatic re envisioning can occur in which counter?histories and counter?stories can be co?created into a powerful, evocative, and

Carl Bagley

2011-01-01

454

Critical arts-based research in education: performing undocumented historias  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article seeks to elucidate and academically position the genre of critical arts-based research in education. The article fuses Critical Race Theory (CRT), life history and performance, alongside work with undocumented American students of Mexican origin, to show how a politicised qualitative paradigmatic re envisioning can occur in which counter-histories and counter-stories can be co-created into a powerful, evocative, and

Carl Bagley; Ricardo Castro-Salazar

2012-01-01

455

Appreciative Program Evaluation: A Qualitative Action Research Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What should the curriculum of a graduate program that focuses on education, technology, and society be? What would be the proper balance of skills, theory, and concepts? What should be the difference between such a program in the School of Education and a computer science program? What do students expect of such a program? These were questions…

Norum, Karen E.; Wells, Marcy; Hoadley, Michael R.; Geary, Chris A.

456

Online Teaching Experience: A Qualitative Metasynthesis (QMS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative studies of educators who teach online are crucial to provide direction for practice and research as they offer an emic perspective. Using a qualitative metasynthesis (QMS) design, this study investigated the experience of online educators at institutions of higher education in the U. S. Discerning what activities online educators could instigate to bridge the gaps between the best practices

Jennie C. De Gagne; Kelley Walters

2009-01-01

457

Procedure versus process: ethical paradigms and the conduct of qualitative research  

PubMed Central

Background Research is fundamental to improving the quality of health care. The need for regulation of research is clear. However, the bureaucratic complexity of research governance has raised concerns that the regulatory mechanisms intended to protect participants now threaten to undermine or stifle the research enterprise, especially as this relates to sensitive topics and hard to reach groups. Discussion Much criticism of research governance has focused on long delays in obtaining ethical approvals, restrictions imposed on study conduct, and the inappropriateness of evaluating qualitative studies within the methodological and risk assessment frameworks applied to biomedical and clinical research. Less attention has been given to the different epistemologies underlying biomedical and qualitative investigation. The bioethical framework underpinning current regulatory structures is fundamentally at odds with the practice of emergent, negotiated micro-ethics required in qualitative research. The complex and shifting nature of real world settings delivers unanticipated ethical issues and (occasionally) genuine dilemmas which go beyond easy or formulaic ‘procedural’ resolution. This is not to say that qualitative studies are ‘unethical’ but that their ethical nature can only be safeguarded through the practice of ‘micro-ethics’ based on the judgement and integrity of researchers in the field. Summary This paper considers the implications of contrasting ethical paradigms for the conduct of qualitative research and the value of ‘empirical ethics’ as a means of liberating qualitative (and other) research from an outmoded and unduly restrictive research governance framework based on abstract prinicipalism, divorced from real world contexts and values.

2012-01-01

458

Single Subject Research: Applications to Special Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Single subject research is a scientific research methodology that is increasingly used in the field of special education. Therefore, understanding the unique characteristics of single subject research methodology is critical both for educators and practitioners. Certain characteristics make single subject research one of the most preferred…

Cakiroglu, Orhan

2012-01-01

459

Science education research interests of elementary teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science education researchers have always sought to improve the quality of our nation's schools. One way of doing this is to make research findings on the teaching of science available to teachers. Perhaps an even more effective way is to plan research studies with teachers' interests in mind. The purpose of this study was to determine the science education research

Dorothy Gabel; K. V. Samuel; Stanley Helgeson; Saundra McGuire; Joseph Novak; John Butzow

1987-01-01

460

A qualitative study of student perspectives and experiences in an information technology education program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is to learn about students' perspectives of an undergraduate level information technology (IT) education program. The IT program is a recent effort to create a new educational opportunity for computing in college, with recognition that the recent IT developments have had a greater influence on various aspects of people's lives than ever. Students' perspectives are a necessary piece of information to develop this innovative IT education program into a sound educational opportunity. Data were gathered through qualitative in-depth interviews conducted with 28 undergraduate students, most of whom have taken one or more IT classes before. The interview data were analyzed using the grounded theory approach. The analysis found that college students perceived that they were very competent in dealing with IT primarily due to their continued exposure to computers since youth. However, this perceived competency was not very stable. Students felt that they did not have sufficient IT competency when technical skills of dealing with IT came to attention. They also felt so when comparing their IT competency with that of their peers, examining it in a class context, and confronting a transition from education to the real world. In spite of their preference for and confidence in self-guided learning, students wanted to receive a formal instruction in IT when they needed to learn something difficult, something that they were not very interested in, and something important for their future lives. They also expressed a desire to gain a comprehensive understanding of computers without needing to learn fundamental computing principles. Students' various interests in IT education were dispersed around learning practical technical skills and understanding social implications of IT. Many participants' focus was a mix of the two factors, which was often expressed as an area that dealt with "how humans and computers interact." This blended interest suggested a potential defining characteristic for IT education. Students' motivations for pursuing IT education ranged from their passion to some practical considerations. The majority of students expressed mixed motivations, often more strongly inclined to practicality. This finding implied that students' practical considerations as well as their pure interests were an important factor to consider in administering an IT program. Participants found that the primary value of the IT program was that it incorporated technological and social topics which had not been well connected previously. Yet, balancing the technical and non-technical components in the curriculum also proved to be the most controversial aspect. Students perceived that the weaknesses of the IT program were also associated with its interdisciplinary nature. Students also viewed that the topics in the IT program were more closely related to many real world problems than the curricula of typical college education programs. Finally, the analysis revealed that students determined the value of the IT minor program in relation to their majors and career interests. Students took the IT minor to supplement their majors, in terras of their interests in developing their careers beyond formal education. Overall, this investigation showed that students perceived this broad-based education program for IT as an intermediate field that filled a significant niche in college education caused by the recent technological innovations: between technical and social, between school and everyday life, and between formal education and the "real world." The results have practical implications for the development of IT programs in college and for future research directions.

Choi, Heekyung

461

Association between nurses’ education about research and their research use  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge about research methods, skills for critical appraisal of research reports, and a positive attitude towards research have been identified as means to potentially overcome barriers to individual nurses’ research utilization, and ultimately improve nursing practice. The objective of this study was to examine independent relationships between nurses’ education about research and research use and their attitudes towards research, knowledge

G Ted Brown

2003-01-01

462

Continuing education among athletic trainers: A qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of Continuing education (CE) is to promote ongoing competence in the areas of cognitive knowledge and clinical skills as well as to develop advanced skills to enhance professional practice. CE provides Certified Athletic trainers (ATs) the opportunity for professional growth through intellectual engagement in meaningful learning through formal activities (e.g., conferences, symposiums, and workshops). Furthermore, CE strives to

Gail Samdperil

2011-01-01

463

Women's Access to Higher Education in Tanzania: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to reveal the ways in which first-generation women in Tanzania explained their success in pursuing a university education despite cultural and social obstacles. Such obstacles include social policies, socio-cultural factors, and academic factors. A review of the literature revealed that issues such as patriarchy,…

Johnson, Megan Patricia

2011-01-01

464

Limitations of Experiments in Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Research based on randomized experiments (along with high-quality quasi-experiments) has gained traction in education circles in recent years. There is little doubt this has been driven in large part by the shift in research funding strategy by the Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences under Grover Whitehurst's lead, described…

Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore

2012-01-01

465

Researching Early Childhood Education: European Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when crucial questions concerning the nature of early childhood and early childhood education are being increasingly examined worldwide, an exploration of the issues, priorities, and methodologies of research in early childhood education may provide valuable material for debate. This book focuses on research in early childhood education

David, Tricia, Ed.

466

Researching Nomadic Education: A Nigerian Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the development of education in Nigeria for two migrant groups, nomadic pastoralists and migrant fishermen, and describes the current state of research on nomadic education in Nigeria. Suggests some concepts and research strategies that would engender greater understanding of nomadic education and promote international cooperation. (SLD)

Umar, Abdurrahman; Tahir, Gidado

2000-01-01

467

Limitations of Experiments in Education Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Research based on randomized experiments (along with high-quality quasi-experiments) has gained traction in education circles in recent years. There is little doubt this has been driven in large part by the shift in research funding strategy by the Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences under Grover Whitehurst's lead, described…

Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore

2012-01-01

468

Doctoral Preparation of Scientifically Based Education Researchers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finding improved ways to train education researchers has taken on new urgency as federal legislation such as the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 and the Education Sciences Reform Act of 2002 call for “scientifically based research in education.” The authors of this article suggest an approach to socializing doctoral students to a common “culture of science” (a set

Margaret Eisenhart; Robert L. DeHaan

2005-01-01

469

On Reflective Practitioner Research in Czech Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study of reflective practice, which has been a gradual process in education in the Czech Republic. Until the 1990s, most research and development in education and in preservice and inservice teacher education and training had been different from this reflective approach. Instead, quantitative research approaches had been…

Pol, Milan

470

EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH MANPOWER--PROJECTED NEEDS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE AUTHOR STATES FOUR MAJOR PROBLEMS THAT PLAGUE EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH--ISOLATION FROM THE LIBERAL ARTS AND SCIENCES, PRESSURES FROM SCHOOLS, CHRONIC SHORTAGE OF SCHOOL PRACTITIONERS, AND THE POOR QUALITY OF GRADUATE STUDENTS IN EDUCATION. FOUR POLICY IMPLICATIONS RESULT FROM THE FAILURE OF THE EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH FIELD TO RECRUIT ENOUGH…

SIEBER, SAM D.

471

Living with chronic low back pain: a metasynthesis of qualitative research.  

PubMed

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this qualitative metasynthesis is to articulate the knowledge gained from a review of qualitative studies of patients' experiences of chronic low back pain. METHODS: Meta-ethnographic methodology guided the review of 33 articles representing 28 studies published in English in peer-reviewed journals between 2000 and 2012. A systematic comparison of the main themes from each study was conducted and 'synthesised' to create superordinate themes. RESULTS: Three overarching interrelated themes were identified: the impact of chronic low back pain on self; relationships with significant others that incorporated two streams - health professionals and the organisation of care and relationships with family and friends; coping with chronic low back pain. Coping strategies were predominantly physical therapies, medication and avoidance behaviours with very few successful strategies reported. Professional and family support, self-efficacy, motivation, work conditions and exercise opportunities influenced pain experiences. Review authors' recommendations included psychological therapies, education, the facilitation of self-management strategies and support groups. DISCUSSION: The review substantiates chronic low back pain as complex, dynamic and multidimensional, underpinned by experiences of persistent distressing pain, loss, and lowered self-worth, stigma, depression, premature aging, fear of the future. Future research should address the paucity of longitudinal studies, loss and issues of ethnicity, gender, ageing. PMID:23585633

Snelgrove, Sherrill; Liossi, Christina

2013-04-12

472

Fair Trade marketing: an exploration through qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘Before you finish your breakfast this morning, you will have relied onhalf the world.’—Martin Luther King(www.fairtrade.org.uk) This paper is concerned with the extent of consumer understanding of the Fairtrade brand and consumer uptake of products under the auspices of the Fairtrade organisation. There are ethical issues surrounding the brand from both the consumer and organisational (supplier) perspectives. Qualitative focus groups

Len Tiu Wright; Simon Heaton

2006-01-01

473

Considering Trilingual Education. Routledge Research in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Based in case studies conducted in the US, Europe, and Latin America, this book explores the feasibility and benefits of trilingual/multilingual education in the United States. Currently, there are few programs in the country of this nature, as educators tend to conclude that English-language learners would be overwhelmed by study in additional…

Henn-Reinke, Kathryn

2012-01-01

474

Paucity of qualitative research in general medical and health services and policy research journals: analysis of publication rates  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative research has the potential to inform and improve health care decisions but a study based on one year of publications suggests that it is not published in prominent health care journals. A more detailed, longitudinal analysis of its availability is needed. The purpose of this study was to identify, count and compare the number of qualitative and non-qualitative research studies published in high impact health care journals, and explore trends in these data over the last decade. Methods A bibliometric approach was used to identify and quantify qualitative articles published in 20 top general medical and health services and policy research journals from 1999 to 2008. Eligible journals were selected based on performance in four different ranking systems reported in the 2008 ISI Journal Citation Reports. Qualitative and non-qualitative research published in these journals were identified by searching MEDLINE, and validated by hand-searching tables of contents for four journals. Results The total number of qualitative research articles published during 1999 to 2008 in ten general medical journals ranged from 0 to 41, and in ten health services and policy research journals from 0 to 39. Over this period the percentage of empirical research articles that were qualitative ranged from 0% to 0.6% for the general medical journals, and 0% to 6.4% for the health services and policy research journals. Conclusions This analysis suggests that qualitative research it is rarely published in high impact general medical and health services and policy research journals. The factors that contribute to this persistent marginalization need to be better understood.

2011-01-01

475

Research Review: Issues in Magazine Journalism Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that, hobbled by an impoverished underlying model and a lack of resources, very little empirical research has explored magazine journalism education. Investigates the underlying model, reviews existing research, and offers an optimistic assessment about future research possibilities. (SR)|

King, Elliot

1994-01-01

476

Trends in Research in Chemical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents summaries and evaluations of some 250 recent researches and developmental studies in chemical education. Identifies existing trends in the various research areas, and suggests future research needs and priorities. (GA)

Kornhauser, Aleksandra

1979-01-01

477

Utility of qualitative research findings in evidence-based public health practice.  

PubMed

Epidemiological data, derived from quantitative studies, provide important information about the causes, prevalence, risk correlates, treatment and prevention of diseases, and health issues at a population level. However, public health issues are complex in nature and quantitative research findings are insufficient to support practitioners and administrators in making evidence-informed decisions. Upshur's Synthetic Model of Evidence (2001) situates qualitative research findings as a credible source of evidence for public health practice. This article answers the following questions: (1) where does qualitative research fit within the paradigm of evidence-based practice and (2) how can qualitative research be used by public health professionals? Strategies for using qualitative research findings instrumentally, conceptually, and symbolically are identified by applying Estabrooks' (1999) conceptual structure of research utilization. Different research utilization strategies are illustrated through the use of research examples from the field of work on intimate partner violence against women. Recommendations for qualitative researchers disseminating findings and for public health practitioners/policy makers considering the use of qualitative findings as evidence to inform decisions are provided. PMID:16684207

Jack, Susan M

478

Middle-Level Education: A Researcher Speaks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Changes in teacher education programs and middle-level curricula are advocated based on the sociological implications of research on middle-level education. Teaching and learning effectiveness can be improved with better understanding of adolescent development. (DF)

Thornburg, Hershel D.

1984-01-01

479

Exploring Performativity and Resistance in Qualitative Research Interviews: A Play in Four Acts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This play describes how the authors become aware of the complexities of resistance and performativity in the qualitative interview process. It also illustrates how this awareness and subsequent acquisition of knowledge changed and informed the way they viewed qualitative research interviewing. More specifically, performativity is put into work in…

Beaunae, Cathrine; Wu, Chiu-Hui; Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka

2011-01-01

480

Blackbirds Singing in the Dead of Night?: Advancing the Craft of Teaching Qualitative Research.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Asserts that the craft knowledge of skilled teachers must be shared to help nursing students become competent, committed qualitative researchers. Strategies to develop a qualitative eye, deal with challenges such as ethical conduct, inform approaches to fieldwork, and extend capacity and confidence to interpret data, play with ideas, analyze…

McAllister, Margaret; Rowe, Jennifer

2003-01-01

481

Exploring culture from a distance: the utility of telephone interviews in qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative studies that utilize telephone interviews, as a primary data collection mode, often are not discussed in the qualitative research literature. Data excerpts from a study that sought to understand the culture of for?profit universities are used to illustrate the types of data that can be garnered through telephone interviews. In addition, the author discusses conceptual notions of culture and

Vicente M. Lechuga

2012-01-01

482

Exploring culture from a distance: the utility of telephone interviews in qualitative research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative studies that utilize telephone interviews, as a primary data collection mode, often are not discussed in the qualitative research literature. Data excerpts from a study that sought to understand the culture of for?profit universities are used to illustrate the types of data that can be garnered through telephone interviews. In addition, the author discusses conceptual notions of culture and

Vicente M. Lechuga

2011-01-01

483

The Case for Fiction as Qualitative Research: Towards a Non-Referential Ground for Meaning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the wake of the crisis of representation, the qualitative approaches have gained momentum within the social sciences. This crisis has lead to a widespread awareness about the need to incorporate the subject's understanding in the research design. Yet, the validity of qualitative accounts is still regarded as a function of its representative…

Mus, Stijn

2012-01-01

484

Exploring Culture from a Distance: The Utility of Telephone Interviews in Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Qualitative studies that utilize telephone interviews, as a primary data collection mode, often are not discussed in the qualitative research literature. Data excerpts from a study that sought to understand the culture of for-profit universities are used to illustrate the types of data that can be garnered through telephone interviews. In…

Lechuga, Vicente M.

2012-01-01

485

"Every Word Is True": Stories of Our Experiences in a Qualitative Research Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|There is a sparse body of literature about students' and instructors' experiences in graduate qualitative courses. In this study, 11 doctoral students and one instructor employed a narrative framework to uncover our perceived truths about our experiences as we interacted, studied, pondered, and journeyed through a qualitative research methods…

Richards, Janet C.

2011-01-01

486

Co-Teaching in Inclusive Classrooms: A Metasynthesis of Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Thirty-two qualitative investigations of co-teaching in inclusive classrooms were included in a metasynthesis employing qualitative research integration techniques. It was concluded that co-teachers generally supported co-teaching, although a number of important needs were identified, including planning time, student skill level, and training;…

Scruggs, Thomas E.; Mastropieri, Margo A.; McDuffie, Kimberly A.

2007-01-01

487

Exploring Performativity and Resistance in Qualitative Research Interviews: A Play in Four Acts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This play describes how the authors become aware of the complexities of resistance and performativity in the qualitative interview process. It also illustrates how this awareness and subsequent acquisition of knowledge changed and informed the way they viewed qualitative research interviewing. More specifically, performativity is put into work in…

Beaunae, Cathrine; Wu, Chiu-Hui; Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka

2011-01-01

488

Qualitative Research in Career Development: Content Analysis from 1990 to 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A content analysis of 11 journals that published career, vocational, and work-related articles from 1990 to 2009 was conducted. Of 3,279 articles analyzed, 55.9% used quantitative methods and 35.5% were theoretical/conceptual articles. Only 6.3% used qualitative research methods. Among the qualitative empirical studies, standards of academic…

Stead, Graham B.; Perry, Justin C.; Munka, Linda M.; Bonnett, Heather R.; Shiban, Abbey P.; Care, Esther

2012-01-01

489

The mix of qualitative and quantitative research in major marketing journals, 1993-2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to determine the mix of qualitative and quantitative research published in major marketing journals. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This study involved a content analysis of 1,195 articles published between 1993 and 2002 in three prominent marketing journals. Findings – It was found that 24.80 per cent of articles employed qualitative methods in some form,

Dallas Hanson; Martin Grimmer

2007-01-01

490

Combining Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Researching the Dynamics of Childhood Poverty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on the dynamics of poverty has rarely been explored or explained qualitatively. The following article discusses an ongoing project combining a secondary longitudinal data analysis with qualitative interviews of young people with prior experience of child poverty. Unusually, the data from their years as survey sample methods will be compared to the interview transcripts. By extending the study of

Sarah Taylor

491

Revisiting the Quantitative-Qualitative Debate: Implications for Mixed-Methods Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care research includes many studies that combine quantitative and qualitative methods. In this paper, we revisit the quantitative-qualitative debate and review the arguments for and against using mixed-methods. In addition, we discuss the implications stemming from our view, that the paradigms upon which the methods are based have a different view of reality and therefore a different view of

JOANNA E. M. SALE; LYNNE H. LOHFELD; Kevin Brazil

2002-01-01

492

Focus groups as a qualitative method for crosscultural research in social gerontology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus group approach for collecting qualitative data can be usefully applied in social gerontological studies, both in a single setting and cross-culturally. The experiences of the research terms participating in the Comparative Study of Asian Elderly in employing focus groups are described, and their advantages and disadvantages as a general method for gathering basic qualitative data are discussed. While

John Knodel

1995-01-01

493

Qualitative Research with an Understudied Population: In-Depth Interviews with Women of Mexican Descent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Community-based qualitative research offers advantages for study of populations that are understudied and not well understood, but qualitative methodology presents major challenges. This article examines some of these challenges, illustrated by a study of pregnancy and childbearing among women of Mexican descent. Issues addressed in this article include culture and gender relevance, access to the population, representativeness, skilled interviewers, trust

Margaret Sherrard Sherraden; Rossana E. Barrera

1995-01-01

494

A Qualitative Experiment: Research on Mediated Meaning Construction Using a Hybrid Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents a hybrid methodological technique that fuses elements of experimental design with qualitative strategies to explore mediated communication. Called the "qualitative experiment," this strategy uses focus groups and in-depth interviews "within" randomized stimulus conditions typically associated with experimental research. This…

Robinson, Sue; Mendelson, Andrew L.

2012-01-01

495

Qualitative Methods Can Enrich Quantitative Research on Occupational Stress: An Example from One Occupational Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chapter examines the ways in which qualitative and quantitative methods support each other in research on occupational stress. Qualitative methods include eliciting from workers unconstrained descriptions of work experiences, careful first-hand observations of the workplace, and participant-observers describing "from the inside" a particular…

Schonfeld, Irvin Sam; Farrell, Edwin

2010-01-01

496

Students' Conceptions of Research. I: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relatively little is known about students' conceptions of research and, in particular, whether there are conceptually discrete patterns of variation that can be used to model this phenomenon in terms of research-as-learning outcomes. The present study explores the dimensionality of students' conceptions of research from two complementary research

Meyer, Jan H. F.; Shanahan, Martin P.; Laugksch, Rudiger C.

2005-01-01

497

How do we talk to each other? Writing qualitative research for quantitative readers.  

PubMed

The growth of qualitative research holds the potential for vastly enriching our understanding of phenomena in the health sciences. However, the potential of this trend is hampered by a widespread inability of quantitative and qualitative researchers to talk to each other. The authors' concern in this area grows out of our experience reviewing small grant applications for the National Institute on Aging, where they frequently find qualitative research proposals scoring worse than do those using quantitative approaches. This article addresses practical problems in communicating qualitative research to readers whose training and experience is primarily quantitative. Two themes running through the discussion are the need for detail and the explicit tying of methodological strategies to research goals. PMID:12474913

Belgrave, Linda Liska; Zablotsky, Diane; Guadagno, Mary Ann

2002-12-01

498

Rescuing Responsible Conduct of Research (RCR) Education.  

PubMed

Responsible conduct of research (RCR) education requirements, resources, and research have proliferated over the past twenty years, but evidence and experience highlight shortcomings in many domains: goals, audience, content, teaching tools, use of the Internet for instruction, instructors, allocation of responsibility for education, education requirements, and sources of funding. Revised approaches and suggested roles and responsibilities are proposed to meet these challenges. The unifying theme for these recommendations is to shift the focus from RCR education to RCR culture building. PMID:24073608

Kalichman, Michael

2014-01-01

499

A qualitative study of parents' experiences of providing sex education for their children: The implications for health education  

Microsoft Academic Search

0bjective To explore how parents talk to their children and identify the factors that influence parents talking to their children about sex. In addition, to uncover ways by which this sex education could be enhanced.Design A qualitative study of parents' experiences of providing sex education to their children.Setting Interviews were carried out in the field within parents' homes or workplace.Method

Joy L Walker

2001-01-01

500

"What We Have Here Is a Failure To Communicate...": Qualitative Research and Institutional Review Boards (IRBs).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Over the last decade, research and teaching activities have increasingly undergone review by Institutional Review Boards (IRBs). This paper presents seven case reports of research that has been regulated by IRBs, including examples from the contexts of funded projects, student research in dissertations, and qualitative methods research courses.…

Lincoln, Yvonna S.; Tierney, William G.