These are representative sample records from Science.gov related to your search topic.
For comprehensive and current results, perform a real-time search at Science.gov.
1

Qualitative Methods in Empirical Studies of Software Engineering  

E-print Network

of research. Along with new research questions, new research methods are needed to study nontechnical aspects of software engineering. In many other disciplines, qualitative research methods have been developed]. Qualitative research methods were designed, mostly by educational researchers and other social scientists [19

2

Information about adverse drug reactions reported in children: a qualitative review of empirical studies  

PubMed Central

AIM To review the literature on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in children with respect to occurrence, seriousness, type, therapeutic group, age and gender of the child and category of reporter. METHODS Medline and Embase databases were searched from origin and updated until February 2010. We included empirically based articles on ADRs in populations aged 0 to 17 years. Studies monitoring ADRs in patients with particular conditions or drug exposure were excluded. We extracted information about types and seriousness of ADRs, therapeutic groups, age and gender of the child and category of reporter. ADR occurrence was calculated as incidence rate and prevalence. RESULTS We included 33 studies monitoring ADRs in general paediatric populations. The highest numbers of ADRs were reported in national ADR databases where data were collected over a longer period than in studies monitoring inpatients and outpatients. However, prevalence and incidence were much lower in the national databases. Types of reported ADRs, seriousness of ADRs and types of medicines differed substantially between studies due to differences in time periods and patient populations. Information about ADRs was mainly provided by health care professionals, although parents also contributed reports. CONCLUSIONS We found a higher incidence rate of ADRs in hospitalized children and outpatients than in national databases. There seems to be considerable potential for increasing the knowledge of ADRs by advocating the submission of reports to the spontaneous reporting systems. Our study underscores that ADRs in children constitute a significant public health problem. PMID:20840440

Aagaard, Lise; Christensen, Arne; Hansen, Ebba Holme

2010-01-01

3

A qualitative empirical evaluation of design decisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we motivate examining software design decision making and provide the process by which the examination will occur. The objective is to provide qualitative results indicative of rational or naturalistic software design decision making. In a rational decision a decision maker evaluates decision alternatives and potential outcomes for each alternative using a utility function and probabilities of the

Carmen Zannier; Frank Maurer

2005-01-01

4

Qualitative Studies: Historiographical Antecedents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides an overview of qualitative studies' antecedents among historiographers and of the positivist tide which nearly engulfed them. Humans live by interpretations. The task of social science--the basic task of qualitative studies--is to study these interpretations so that we can better understand the meanings which people use to…

Mills, Rilla Dean

5

An empirical model of athlete decisions to use performance?enhancing drugs: qualitative evidence  

Microsoft Academic Search

Models of athlete decisions to use performance?enhancing substance and method (PESM) lack an empirical base. In this paper, the validity of the content (variables thought to influence use) and process (how the variables come together) of these models is assessed. Reporting the second qualitative stage of a broader choice modelling study, n = 20 interviews (conducted from August 2007 to

Jason Mazanov; Twan Huybers

2010-01-01

6

EMPIRICAL STUDIES RECHERCHES EMPIRIQUES  

E-print Network

EMPIRICAL STUDIES RECHERCHES EMPIRIQUES EFFECTS OF DRIVING EXPERIENCE AND AGE ON THE DETECTION) and elderly (i.e., over 68 years old) drivers (Cerrelli, 1992; Engströme, Petter Greger- sen, Hernetkoski collision. Most research on perceptual factors in driving has focused

Jirsa, Viktor

7

Qualitative Studies in HRD.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first of the four papers in this symposium, "What Is It Like To Be an Independent HRD Consultant?" (Alexander Ardishvili), reports on a phenomenological study that investigated the experience of being an independent HRD (human resource development) consultant through interviews with 10 successful HRD consultants. The study identified eight…

1999

8

An Empirical Study of How People Perceive Online Behavioral Advertising  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study of How People Perceive Online Behavioral Advertising Aleecia M. Mc 15213 #12; 1 An Empirical Study of How People Perceive Online Behavioral Advertising Aleecia M. Mc a series of in-depth qualitative interviews with 14 subjects who answered advertisements to participate

Sadeh, Norman M.

9

Empirical Studies of Programming Knowledge  

Microsoft Academic Search

We suggest that expert programmers have and use two types of programming knowledge: 1) programming plans, which are generic program fragments that represent stereotypic action sequences in programming, and 2) rules of programming discourse, which capture the conventions in programming and govern the composition of the plans into programs. We report here on two empirical studies that attempt to evaluate

Elliot Soloway; Kate Ehrlich

1984-01-01

10

Motorcyclists' reactions to safety helmet law: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Extensive body of the literature reveals that proper use of helmets is an effective way to reduce the severity of injuries and fatalities among motorcyclists. However, many motorcyclists do not use safety helmet properly. This study aimed to empirically explore reactions of motorcyclists to the safety helmet laws, in Iran. METHODS: Qualitative data were collected via four focus groups

Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh; Shamsaddin Niknami; Eesa Mohammadi; Ali Montazeri; Fazlollah Ghofranipour; Fazlollah Ahmadi; Shahrzad Hejazi Bazargan

2009-01-01

11

Brand building in software SMEs: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to increase the knowledge of brand building in software SMEs. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The empirical method used is a multi-case study. Data were collected from 20 companies in the software industry through in-depth interviews. The data were analyzed using systematic coding and categorization of qualitative evidence. Findings – The study identified five special

Jukka Ojasalo; Satu Nätti; Rami Olkkonen

2008-01-01

12

Empirical Studies in Discourse Marilyn A. Walker  

E-print Network

and interpretation. Section 2 gives a general overview of empirical studies in discourse and describes an empiricalEmpirical Studies in Discourse Marilyn A. Walker & Johanna D. Moore ¡ 1. Introduction this approachledtomanytheoreticaladvances,modelsdevelopedinthismanneraredifficult to evaluate because it is hard to tell whether

Moore, Johanna D.

13

Qualitative Parameters of Practice during University Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, relevance of practice during university studies is highlighted, as well as the main stages of its organisation, qualitative parameters, as well as criteria and indicators that validate them are defined. Discussion on the idea that taking into consideration qualitative parameters of organising practice as a component of studies

Stasiunaitiene, Egle; Norkute, Odeta

2011-01-01

14

Musical Cognition at Birth: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes research on newborns' responses to music. Video observation and electroencephalogram (EEG) were collected to see whether newborns' responses to random sounds differed from their responses to music. The data collected were subjected to both qualitative and quantitative analysis. This paper will focus on the qualitative study,…

Hefer, Michal; Weintraub, Zalman; Cohen, Veronika

2009-01-01

15

Experience of fibromyalgia. Qualitative study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To explore illness experiences of patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia. DESIGN: Qualitative method of in-depth interviews. SETTING: Midsize city in Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Seven patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia. METHOD: Seven in-depth interviews were conducted to explore the illness experience of patients diagnosed with fibromyalgia. All interviews were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. All interview transcriptions were read independently by the researchers, who then compared and combined their analysis. Final analysis involved examining all interviews collectively, thus permitting relationships between and among central themes to emerge. The analysis strategy used a phenomenologic approach and occurred concurrently rather than sequentially. MAIN FINDINGS: Themes that emerged from the interpretive analysis depict patients' journeys along a continuum from experiencing symptoms, through seeking a diagnosis, to coping with the illness. Experiencing symptoms was composed of four subcategories: pain, a precipitating event, associated symptoms, and modulating factors. Seeking a diagnosis entailed frustration and social isolation. Confirmation of diagnosis brought relief as well as anxiety about the future. After diagnosis, several steps led to creation of adaptive coping strategies, which were influenced by several factors. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest that the conventional medical model fails to address the complex experience of fibromyalgia. Adopting a patient-centred approach is important for helping patients cope with this disease. PMID:10845136

Raymond, M. C.; Brown, J. B.

2000-01-01

16

Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches to the Study of Poverty: Taming the Tensions and Appreciating the Complementarities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is a germane relationship between qualitative and quantitative approaches to social science research. The relationship is empirically and theoretically demonstrated by poverty researchers. The study of poverty, as argued in this article, is a study of both numbers and contextualities. This article provides a general overview of qualitative

Balarabe Kura, Sulaiman Y.

2012-01-01

17

Empirical studies of software engineering: a roadmap  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we summarize the strengths and weaknesses of empirical research in software engineering. We argue that in order to improve the current situation we must create better studies and draw more credible interpretations from them. We finally present a roadmap for this improvement, which includes a general structure for software empirical studies and concrete steps for achieving these

Dewayne E. Perry; Adam A. Porter; Lawrence G. Votta

2000-01-01

18

An empirical and model study on automobile market in Taiwan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have done an empirical investigation on automobile market in Taiwan including the development of the possession rate of the companies in the market from 1979 to 2003, the development of the largest possession rate, and so on. A dynamic model for describing the competition between the companies is suggested based on the empirical study. In the model each company is given a long-term competition factor (such as technology, capital and scale) and a short-term competition factor (such as management, service and advertisement). Then the companies play games in order to obtain more possession rate in the market under certain rules. Numerical simulation based on the model display a competition developing process, which qualitatively and quantitatively agree with our empirical investigation results.

Tang, Ji-Ying; Qiu, Rong; Zhou, Yueping; He, Da-Ren

2006-03-01

19

A Qualitative Study of Reflective Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Professional knowledge created as teachers interact with the complexity of variables related to teaching and learning in active, thoughtful, reflective practice, is essential to expert teaching. This qualitative study is designed to describe and define the factors (processes) that are pertinent to the process of reflection as it is utilized by…

Kelsay, Karla Lynn

20

Conflict Detection on Models An Empirical Study  

E-print Network

Conflict Detection on Models An Empirical Study Maximilian Koegel, Markus Herrmannsdoerfer Garching {koegel, herrmama, wesendon}@in.tum.de Abstract. Software Configuration Management (SCM) systems are em- ployed to facilitate collaboration on software engineering artifacts such as models. Therefore

Bruegge, Bernd

21

Overexcitabilities: Empirical Studies and Application  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Ever since Dr. Dabrowski raised his theory of positive disintegration, several studies focusing on overexcitabilities (OEs) have been performed. This study reviewed previous findings on overexcitabilities and their application, focusing in particular on studies in Taiwan. Since 2001, a series of studies related to overexcitabilities has been…

Chang, Hsin-Jen; Kuo, Ching-Chih

2013-01-01

22

Arbitrary Death: An Empirical Study of Mitigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Supreme Court has long viewed mitigation evidence as key to saving the death penalty from constitutional challenge. Mitigation evidence about a capital defendant’s life history, combined with other procedural protections, is thought to alleviate arbitrariness in juries’ decisions of whether a defendant deserves to die. This Article presents original empirical research studying that hypothesis. Interviews with thirty mitigation specialists

Emily Hughes

2012-01-01

23

Getting added value from using qualitative research with randomized controlled trials: a qualitative interview study  

PubMed Central

Background Qualitative research is undertaken with randomized controlled trials of health interventions. Our aim was to explore the perceptions of researchers with experience of this endeavour to understand the added value of qualitative research to the trial in practice. Methods A telephone semi-structured interview study with 18 researchers with experience of undertaking the trial and/or the qualitative research. Results Interviewees described the added value of qualitative research for the trial, explaining how it solved problems at the pretrial stage, explained findings, and helped to increase the utility of the evidence generated by the trial. From the interviews, we identified three models of relationship of the qualitative research to the trial. In ‘the peripheral’ model, the trial was an opportunity to undertake qualitative research, with no intention that it would add value to the trial. In ‘the add-on’ model, the qualitative researcher understood the potential value of the qualitative research but it was viewed as a separate and complementary endeavour by the trial lead investigator and wider team. Interviewees described how this could limit the value of the qualitative research to the trial. Finally ‘the integral’ model played out in two ways. In ‘integral-in-theory’ studies, the lead investigator viewed the qualitative research as essential to the trial. However, in practice the qualitative research was under-resourced relative to the trial, potentially limiting its ability to add value to the trial. In ‘integral-in-practice’ studies, interviewees described how the qualitative research was planned from the beginning of the study, senior qualitative expertise was on the team from beginning to end, and staff and time were dedicated to the qualitative research. In these studies interviewees described the qualitative research adding value to the trial although this value was not necessarily visible beyond the original research team due to the challenges of publishing this research. Conclusions Health researchers combining qualitative research and trials viewed this practice as strengthening evaluative research. Teams viewing the qualitative research as essential to the trial, and resourcing it in practice, may have a better chance of delivering its added value to the trial. PMID:24913438

2014-01-01

24

Utilizing Eastern Spirituality in Clinical Practice: A Qualitative Study of Chinese Women with Breast Cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on the empirical findings of a qualitative study on Chinese women with breast cancer, this article presents the women's experience of spirituality and discusses the implications of culturally competent practice that addresses spirituality. Following the constructivist research approach, in-depth interviews were conducted with 26 Chinese women with breast cancer. The findings reveal their spirituality is manifested through (1) experiencing

Pamela P. Y. Leung; Cecilia L. W. Chan

2010-01-01

25

Does the New Digital Generation of Learners Exist? A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper seeks to contribute to the discussion on the current generation of students and their relationship to technology, providing qualitative, empirical information obtained in the Chilean context. The study analyses and discusses the ideas regarding the emergence of a new generation of learners, or digital natives, as characterised by…

Sanchez, Jaime; Salinas, Alvaro; Contreras, David; Meyer, Eduardo

2011-01-01

26

Qualitative Methods for Studying Distributed Software Development: Issues and Challenges  

E-print Network

the begin- ning stages of my doctoral studies via a formal course on qualitative research methods as well. Subsequently, I have applied the knowl- edge and insights by incorporating qualitative methods in my researchQualitative Methods for Studying Distributed Software Development: Issues and Challenges Sameer

Patil, Sameer

27

Reading between the lines: An empirical examination of qualitative attributes of financial analysts’ reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines whether two qualitative attributes of financial analysts’ reports, detail and tone, are significant in explaining how the market responds to analysts’ reports, after controlling for the information contained in the reports’ quantitative summary measures. Report detail is hypothesized to reflect the level of effort expended by the analyst in preparing the report, and therefore the usefulness of

Brady Twedt; Lynn Rees

28

Empirical study of hybrid zone movement.  

PubMed

Hybrid zones are 'natural laboratories' for studying the origin, maintenance and demise of species. Theory predicts that hybrid zones can move in space and time, with significant consequences for both evolutionary and conservation biology, though such movement is often perceived as rare. Here, a review of empirical studies of moving hybrid zones in animals and plants shows 23 examples with observational evidence for movement, and a further 16 where patterns of introgression in molecular markers could be interpreted as signatures of movement. The strengths and weaknesses of methods used for detecting hybrid zone movement are discussed, including long-term replicated sampling, historical surveys, museum/herbarium collections, patterns of relictual populations and introgression of genetic markers into an advancing taxon. Factors governing hybrid zone movement are assessed in the light of the empirical studies, including environmental selection, competition, asymmetric hybridization, dominance drive, hybrid fitness, human activity and climate change. Hybrid zone movement means that untested assumptions of stability in evolutionary studies on hybrid zone can lead to mistaken conclusions. Movement also means that conservation effort aimed at protecting against introgression could unwittingly favour an invading taxon. Moving hybrid zones are of wide interest as examples of evolution in action and possible indicators of environmental change. More long-term experimental studies are needed that incorporate reciprocal transplants, hybridization experiments and surveys of molecular markers and population densities on a range of scales. PMID:17611495

Buggs, R J A

2007-09-01

29

How Do Upper Secondary School Students Respond to Contextualised Tasks? First Results of an Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a qualitative-oriented empirical study, the effect of context on students' approaches to real world problems is investigated. First results show that the contexts offered in a task can be interpreted in very different ways by individuals. It is also shown that both a student's affective proximity to the context and their substance knowledge can have fostering but also hindering

Andreas Busse

30

A Study of Service-Learning at Virginia Highlands Community College and Mountain Empire Community College.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study was conducted to explore student perceptions of service learning as well as the importance of service learning to community college students. Data were collected through interviews with 24 community college participants from Virginia Highlands Community College and Mountain Empire Community College, both in southwest…

Hughes, Alice

31

Parasexuality in genitourinary investigations: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Genitourinary investigations are performed on a large proportion of middle-aged and older men and the majority undergo investigations for prostate issues. The effects that genitourinary disease can have on men depend on the type of problem, investigations required and treatment including impotence, gynaecomastia and urinary incontinence that have lasting devastating physical, social and psychological effects. The aim was to explore older men’s experience and views of intimate and intrusive genitourinary investigations and specifically to develop hypotheses and theories concerning gender and sexuality issues in intimate genitourinary investigations. Methods Written informed consent was obtained for this qualitative study. Data were collected through one-off, semi-structured interviews involving 15 men in the first year following patient’s last urological procedure. Initially, multiple themes were identified and when analysed further concepts were repeatedly present. As the urological investigations were limited to men, gender and sexuality became prominent issues in the data. Results On analysis, the term parasexuality appeared to explain the dynamic of the situation. Parasexuality is a modified form of sexuality which is channelled and limited to maintain propriety. This was not expressed as sexuality in its overt, explicit sense, but instead a type of covert sexuality where professional boundaries are maintained but nonetheless undercurrents remain. This managed version of sexuality created a common currency by which interactions between staff and patients could take place safely. Feeding into parasexuality were gender role stereotypes and for some of the participants this reflected their own experience, context, historical and cultural norms. Intimate contact in the form of exposure and handling of the participants' genitalia during the investigations particularly challenged the boundaries of parasexuality. In order to remain parasexual, many of the participants suppressed their sexuality. Viewing staff as professional was an additional strategy used by participants to limit any sexuality as parasexuality. Conclusion This study has contributed towards the appeal for more studies to examine privacy perceptions of patients in genitalia-related care, however, it is by no means definitive. Parasexuality goes some way to explain the dynamics of communication between older men and health care professionals during genitourinary investigations. PMID:24606673

2014-01-01

32

Ethical Issues in Empirical Studies of Software Engineering  

Microsoft Academic Search

The popularity of empirical methods in software engineering research is on the rise. Surveys, experiments, metrics, case studies, and field studies are examples of empirical methods used to investigate both software engineering processes and products. The increased application of empirical methods has also brought about an increase in discussions about adapting these methods to the peculiarities of software engineering. In

Janice Singer; Norman G. Vinson

2002-01-01

33

An empirical study of software design practices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Software engineers have developed a large body of software design theory and folklore, much of which was never validated. The results of an empirical study of software design practices in one specific environment are presented. The practices examined affect module size, module strength, data coupling, descendant span, unreferenced variables, and software reuse. Measures characteristic of these practices were extracted from 887 FORTRAN modules developed for five flight dynamics software projects monitored by the Software Engineering Laboratory (SEL). The relationship of these measures to cost and fault rate was analyzed using a contingency table procedure. The results show that some recommended design practices, despite their intuitive appeal, are ineffective in this environment, whereas others are very effective.

Card, David N.; Church, Victor E.; Agresti, William W.

1986-01-01

34

Transition mixing study empirical model report  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The empirical model developed in the NASA Dilution Jet Mixing Program has been extended to include the curvature effects of transition liners. This extension is based on the results of a 3-D numerical model generated under this contract. The empirical model results agree well with the numerical model results for all tests cases evaluated. The empirical model shows faster mixing rates compared to the numerical model. Both models show drift of jets toward the inner wall of a turning duct. The structure of the jets from the inner wall does not exhibit the familiar kidney-shaped structures observed for the outer wall jets or for jets injected in rectangular ducts.

Srinivasan, R.; White, C.

1988-01-01

35

Carer involvement with drug services: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

BackgroundEmpirical research suggests that involving carers brings benefits to families and services. Consequently, drug-related policy and guidance has increasingly encouraged drug services to involve carers at all levels of service provision. ObjectiveTo explore the purpose and scope of carer involvement with adult drug services in North-east Scotland. Design, Setting and ParticipantsA total of 82 participants (20 informal carers, 43 service providers and 19 policy makers) were purposively selected to take part in a qualitative study. Eight focus groups and 32 interviews were conducted between 2007 and 2008. FindingsThree themes were identified through thematic coding: ‘Current levels of involvement’, ‘Use of the term carer’ and ‘Opportunities for change?’ Carer involvement was described as limited, unplanned and unstructured, and consisted largely of information and advice, practical and emotional support, and signposting of services. Although use of the term ‘carer’ was contested within and across the groups, caring in a drug context was considered the ‘same but different’ from caring in other contexts. Carers remained sceptical that services actually wanted to involve them in supporting their relative or to offer carers support in their own right. Many service providers and policy makers regarded carer involvement as an aspiration. ConclusionEncouraging carers, service providers and policy makers to reach a shared understanding of caring in a drug context may help translation of policy into practice. However, there is also a fundamental need for drug services to widen the level and type of involvement activities on offer to carers. PMID:23216899

Orr, Linda C; Barbour, Rosaline S; Elliott, Lawrie

2013-01-01

36

Do algorithm animations assist learning?: an empirical study and analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Algorithm animations are dynamic graphical illustrations of computer algorithms, and they are used as teaching aids to help explain how the algorithms work. Although many people believe that algorithm animations are useful this way, no empirical evidence has ever been presented supporting this belief. We have conducted an empirical study of a priority queue algorithm animation, and the study's results

John T. Stasko; Albert N. Badre; Clayton H. Lewis

1993-01-01

37

Graduating Black Males: A Generic Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Black males face a difficult educational battle. Across America, graduation statistics for Black males are sobering. The purpose of this study was to explore why Black males drop out of school and to examine the current employment status of the study participants. The research took place in rural North Carolina. Fifteen Black American male high…

Bell, Edward E.

2014-01-01

38

Innovation and human resource management fit: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study aims to analyse the relationship between innovation and human resource management (HRM) from an empirical perspective, attempting to establish whether innovation determines the firm's HRM or conversely HRM influences the innovation level of the company Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Literature is reviewed from both theoretical and empirical perspectives. On the basis of this review, some research hypotheses are

Daniel Jiménez-Jiménez; Raquel Sanz-Valle

2005-01-01

39

Leading with integrity: a qualitative research study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research paper gives an account of a study into the relationship between leadership and integrity. There is a critical analysis of the current literature for effective, successful and ethical leadership particularly, integrity. The purpose and aim of this paper is to build on the current notions of leadership within the literature, debate contemporary approaches, focussing specifically on practices within

Lorna Storr

2004-01-01

40

Qualitative spectroscopic study of magnetic nozzle flow  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The physics of the magnetic nozzle flow for a 100-kW-level quasi-steady MPD thruster was studied by photographic spectroscopy focusing on the plasma model in the flow and the acceleration mechanism. Spectroscopic visualization for the flow-species analysis indicates that the plasma-exhaust flow dominated by NII species were confined by the magnetic nozzle effect to collimate the flow for the better thruster performance. Inside the nozzle, the plasma flow was found to be in nonhomogeneous collisional-radiative condition. There appears to be a substantial flow acceleration from the magnetic nozzle inlet to the outlet with slight expansion. This suggests that the flow resembles that of constant area supersonic duct flow with cooling.

Umeki, T.; Turchi, P. J.

1992-01-01

41

Factors influencing patients' dignity: A qualitative study.  

PubMed

Dignity represents the essence of nursing care; hence, nurses are professionally responsible for promoting understanding about the promotion, provision, and preservation of every patient's dignity, while considering contextual differences. The aim of this study was to explore the factors that influence, promote, or compromise patient dignity. A purposeful sample of 14 participants with hospitalization experience was chosen, and individual in-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted for data collection. Using inductive content analysis, the themes and subthemes related to factors influencing patients' dignity were explored: "persona" ("personal beliefs" and "personal characteristics"), "communication behaviors" ("verbal interaction," "body language," "compassionate behavior," and "devoting enough time"), and "staff conduct" ("professional commitment," "adequate human resources," and "staff's proficiency and competency"). The findings revealed that it is essential to expand nurses' insights and knowledge about preserving patients' dignity and the factors that influence these. Recognizing and focusing on these factors will help nurses to establish practical measures for preserving and promoting patients' dignity and providing more dignified care at the bedside. PMID:24077096

Manookian, Arpi; Cheraghi, Mohammad A; Nasrabadi, Alireza N

2014-05-01

42

Incorporating Translation in Qualitative Studies: Two Case Studies in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cross-language qualitative research in education continues to increase. However, there has been inadequate discussion in the literature concerning the translation process that ensures research trustworthiness applicable for bilingual researchers. Informed by the literature on evaluation criteria for qualitative data translation, this paper…

Sutrisno, Agustian; Nguyen, Nga Thanh; Tangen, Donna

2014-01-01

43

Emerging Themes in Youth Apprenticeship Programs: A Qualitative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study examined experiences between mentors and youth apprentices from the standpoint of situated cognition theory. The youth apprenticeship program studied was located in a rural southeastern community. High school youth apprentices worked with adult mentors and management personnel in selected businesses in the fields of business…

Evanciew, Cheryl E. P.

44

The Social Integration of Supported Employees: A Qualitative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized qualitative methods to examine the social interactions that occur within supported employment settings between workers with disabilities and nondisabled co-workers. The study also examined the job supports at work settings, to understand the relationship between formal, job coach support services and natural job supports. Seven…

Hagner, David C.

45

Advancing the theory of collective empowerment: A qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to fully describe the construct of empowerment and to determine possible measures for this construct in racially and ethnically diverse neighborhoods, a qualitative study based on Grounded Theory was conducted at both the individual and collective levels. Participants for the study included 49 grassroots experts on community empowerment who were interviewed through semi-structured interviews and focus groups. The

Belinda Matteson Reininger

1994-01-01

46

A Qualitative Study of Parental Resistance to Girls' Schooling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the reasons for parental resistance to girls' schooling. The study was conducted in Ordu, Giresun, Gumushane, and Sinop provinces of Turkey where school enrollment rates for girls were among the lowest in the Black Sea Region. The results showed that obstacles for female education varied and…

Alat, Zeynep; Alat, Kazim

2011-01-01

47

Home-School Relationships: A Qualitative Study with Diverse Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study explored how families from diverse cultural backgrounds understood family involvement in the context of early childhood care and educational settings. Participants in the study included nine members from six families who had children enrolled in three early childhood care and education programs. The primary method of…

Cardona, Betty; Jain, Sachin; Canfield-Davis, Kathy

2012-01-01

48

Emotional Experience of Mothers After International Adoption: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to use a naturalistic approach to better understand phenomena in the area of mothers’ emotional functioning after adopting a child internationally. A qualitative research design was used to help identify variables, that would be appropriate for later study by quantitative design. A sample of 10 mothers who adopted a child internationally, selected by convenience

Lindsay Foster

2012-01-01

49

Personal TV: A Qualitative Study of Mobile TV Users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a qualitative user study of mobile phone TV usage undertaken during September 2005 and centered on the real world Mobile TV usage of paying subscribers of live Mobile TV service in Seoul, South Korea. The study identified four primary use cases: at home; during the evening commute (both likely to be significantly culturally dependent); macro-breaks; and secret

Yanqing Cui; Jan Chipchase; Younghee Jung

2007-01-01

50

EMPIRICAL STUDIES OF THE ARTS, Vol. 26(1) 5-13, 2008 CREATIVITY AND E-ADVERTISING  

E-print Network

EMPIRICAL STUDIES OF THE ARTS, Vol. 26(1) 5-13, 2008 CREATIVITY AND E-ADVERTISING: A QUALITATIVE of the past century, several areas of aesthetic research have examined advertising. Most research has focused; Locher, Martindale, & Dorfman, 2006; Sternberg, 1999, 2006), research on creativity in e-advertising has

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

51

A qualitative study of undergraduates' conceptualizations of mental illness.  

PubMed

This qualitative study examined three stigma reduction interventions against mental illness stigma: education, video, and contact. Undergraduates (N = 69) in three introductory psychology classes from a small, Catholic, liberal arts university in the northeast United States participated. Responses to two open-ended questions revealed common negative and stereotypical themes associated with mental illness. The benefits of supplementing traditional social distance measures with a qualitative approach, as well as the importance of considering a social developmental approach to stigma education are discussed. PMID:24010560

Matteo, Elizabeth

2013-01-01

52

A Qualitative Study on Changes of Educational Values among Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to evaluate both the positive and negative changes in the aims and practices of current schools and, in addition, identify teacher values that have influenced the Turkish educational system from the early years of the Turkish Republic till now. With this in mind, a set of semi structured open-ended…

Basol, Gulsah; Bardakci, Salih

2008-01-01

53

Experiences of abortion: A narrative review of qualitative studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Although abortion or termination of pregnancy (TOP) has become an increasingly normalized component of women's health care over the past forty years, insufficient attention has been paid to women's experiences of surgical or medical methods of TOP. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a narrative review of qualitative studies of women's experiences of TOP and their perspectives on surgical or medical methods.

Mabel LS Lie; Stephen C Robson; Carl R May

2008-01-01

54

Volunteers' Perspective of Effective Interactions with Helpline Callers: Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study focuses on the effectiveness of interactions with callers to a helpline as perceived by the helpline volunteers. Applying a qualitative methodology, we analysed 12 descriptions of what the volunteers considered to be the most helpful calls they could reconstruct from memory, and the factors they attributed to the successful…

Gilat, Itzhak; Rosenau, Sarah

2011-01-01

55

Nontraditional Students' Perspectives on College Education: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored nontraditional college students' perspectives on their college education. Forty-three undergraduate students with an average age of 38 years completed 60-minute structured interviews. Qualitative research methodology based on grounded theory was used in data synthesis. Results identified the central concept of hopefulness,…

Chao, Ruth; Good, Glenn E.

2004-01-01

56

Participants' Perspectives of Training Experiences: An Exploratory Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Perceptions concerning training and development continue to appear in practitioner literature; however, the fact that those perceptions are not explored in HRD literature is a problem. The purpose of this study was to examine perspectives of participants in organization-sponsored training. A general qualitative methodology was utilized in this…

Mathis, Robin Smith

2010-01-01

57

Service Quality in Alcohol Treatment: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of the study was to qualitatively evaluate the managerial and organisational issues associated with service quality in a privately funded alcohol treatment centre in the UK. Two different groups of participants at a private treatment clinic were interviewed. The first group comprised 25 of its patients. The second group comprised 15…

Resnick, Sheilagh M.; Griffiths, Mark D.

2010-01-01

58

College Housing Dissertations: A Bounded Qualitative Meta-Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine dissertations that were published in the U.S. during the past 5 years that related to collegiate housing. The dissertations were examined using a bounded qualitative meta-analysis approach. Each dissertation was examined using three questions: What were the methods/attributes of the research? What were the…

Banning, James H.; Kuk, Linda

2011-01-01

59

Health, ethics and environment: A qualitative study of vegetarian motivations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study explored the motivations of vegetarians by means of online ethnographic research with participants in an international message board. The researcher participated in discussions on the board, gathered responses to questions from 33 participants, and conducted follow-up e-mail interviews with 18 of these participants. Respondents were predominantly from the US, Canada and the UK. Seventy per cent were

Nick Fox; Katie Ward

2008-01-01

60

Young Dutch People's Experiences of Trading Sex: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In recent years, the subject of transactional sex among young Dutch people has generated a heated social debate in the Netherlands. However, accurate data on this phenomenon are scarce. This article describes the findings of a qualitative study on young Dutch people's experiences of having sex in return for money or a material reward. Thirty in-depth interviews were conducted with

Robert van de Walle; Charles Picavet; Willy van Berlo; Arnoud Verhoeff

2011-01-01

61

A Qualitative Study of the Dislocated Working Class  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines factors that influence the career decisions of dislocated workers. The research focuses on individuals identified as working class, as this group has been relatively ignored in past research compared to individuals from higher socioeconomic statuses. Participants include 13 individuals (10 females and 3 males)…

Fouad, Nadya A.; Cotter, Elizabeth W.; Carter, Laura; Bernfeld, Steven; Gray, India; Liu, Jane P.

2012-01-01

62

Resident Physicians' Perspectives on Effective Outpatient Teaching: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning theories, which suggest that experienced faculty use collaborative teaching styles, are reflected in qualitative studies of learners in hospital settings. However, little research has used resident focus groups to explore characteristics of successful teachers in outpatient clinics. Therefore, focus group discussions with first through…

Kisiel, John B.; Bundrick, John B.; Beckman, Thomas J.

2010-01-01

63

A "Fresh Start" for a "Failing School"? A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines "Fresh Start," a New Labour flagship initiative to raise education "standards" in a radical and innovative way. Drawing on a qualitative study of a comprehensive school in England, I argue that the initiative added to the problems faced by the "failing school" and promoted rather traditional ways of raising "standards" due to…

Araujo, Marta

2009-01-01

64

Misunderstandings in prescribing decisions in general practice: qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To identify and describe misunderstandings between patients and doctors associated with prescribing decisions in general practice. Design Qualitative study. Setting 20 general practices in the West Midlands and south east England. Participants 20 general practitioners and 35 consulting patients. Main outcome measures Misunderstandings between patients and doctors that have potential or actual adverse consequences for taking medicine. Results 14

Nicky Britten; Fiona A Stevenson; Christine A Barry; Nick Barber; Colin P Bradley

2000-01-01

65

Quality of Life After Spinal Cord Injury: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT. Objective: To describe the subjective quality of life (QOL) of persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI). Study Design: Qualitative analysis of transcribed interviews. Participants: Forty community-dwellers with SCI. Results: Few participants could define QOL, but most could identify indicators of QOL and provided clear ratings of their own QOL. Individuals were grouped into three QOL ratings categories (excellent

Colette Hillebrand Duggan; Marcel Dijkers

2001-01-01

66

Empirical studies of regulatory restructuring and incentives  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examines the actions of firms when faced with regulatory restructuring. Chapter I examines the equilibrium pricing behavior of local exchange telephone companies under a variety of market structures. In particular, the pricing behavior of three services are analyzed: residential local service, business local service, and intraLATA toll service. Beginning in 1984, a variety of market structure changes have taken place in the local telecommunications industry. I analyze differences in the method of price-setting regulation and the restrictions on entry. Specifically, the relative pricing behavior under rate of return and price cap regulation is analyzed, as well as the impact of entry in the local exchange and intraLATA toll service markets. In doing so, I estimate an empirical model that accounts for the stickiness of rates in regulated industries that is based on firm and regulator decision processes in the presence of adjustment costs. I find that, faced with competitive pressures that reduce rates in one service, incumbent firm rates increase in other services, thereby reducing the benefits from competition. In addition, the findings suggest that price cap regulation leads to higher rates relative to rate-of-return regulation. Chapter 2 analyzes the pricing and investment behavior of electricity firms. Electricity and natural gas markets have traditionally been serviced by one of two market structures. In some markets, electricity and natural gas are sold by a dual-product regulated monopolist, while in other markets, electricity and natural gas are sold by separate single-product regulated monopolies. This paper analyzes the relative pricing and investment decisions of electricity firms operating in the two market structures. The unique relationship between these two products imply that the relative incentives of single and dual-product firms are likely to differ. Namely electricity and natural gas are substitutes in consumption while natural gas is also an input into the generation of electricity. However because these firms are regulated, these differing incentives would only be acted upon if regulation is imperfect in some way. Chapter 2 analyzes these issues. In particular, I estimate equilibrium pricing and investment equations that capture the relative incentives of single and dual-product electricity firms. The results imply that both electricity prices and reliance on natural gas generation are higher in a dual-product setting, both suggesting that regulators respond to the relative incentives of electricity and natural gas firms. Chapter 3 analyzes electricity firm production incentives when regulated via performance based regulation. Although many electricity markets are currently considering adopting a competitive market for electricity generation, and still others have already done so, the vast majority of electricity markets remain tightly regulated. Within this traditional regulatory environment, the use of incentive regulation schemes in US electricity markets has grown during the past two decades. While every state has some program that it refers to as an incentive regulation program, these programs differ in both their goals and how they attempt to meet these goals. In this chapter, I discuss the wide array of programs that have been utilized to alter the incentives of US investor-owned utilities (IOUs). In addition, using stochastic frontier methods, I provide empirical analysis of the impact that a number of incentive regulation programs have on the efficiency of a large set of coal and natural gas generator units.

Knittel, Christopher Roland

67

Novice Nurses' Perception of Working Night Shifts: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Introduction: Nursing is always accompanied by shift working and nurses in Iran have to work night shifts in some stages of their professional life. Therefore, the present study aimed to describe the novice nurses’ perception of working night shifts. Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted on 20 novice nurses working in two university hospitals of Jahrom, Iran. The study data were collected through focus group interviews. All the interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using constant comparative analysis and qualitative content analysis. Results: The study findings revealed five major themes of value system, physical and psychological problems, social relationships, organizational problems, and appropriate opportunity. Conclusion: The study presented a deep understanding of the novice nurses’ perception of working night shifts, which can be used by the managers as a basis for organizing health and treatment systems.

Faseleh Jahromi, Mohsen; Moattari, Marzieh; Sharif, Farkhondeh

2013-01-01

68

Clothing and Counterculture: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose of this study was to seek some index which would be useful in identifying those members of the current youth cohort who are most likely to have adopted a new set of attitudes and values, so that social scientists might have a useful tool for further study. (Author/CB)

Thomas, L. Eugene

1973-01-01

69

Qualitative PCR method for Roundup Ready soybean: interlaboratory study.  

PubMed

Quantitative and qualitative methods based on PCR have been developed for genetically modified organisms (GMO). Interlaboratory studies were previously conducted for GMO quantitative methods; in this study, an interlaboratory study was conducted for a qualitative method for a GM soybean, Roundup Ready soy (RR soy), with primer pairs designed for the quantitative method of RR soy studied previously. Fourteen laboratories in Japan participated. Each participant extracted DNA from 1.0 g each of the soy samples containing 0, 0.05, and 0.10% of RR soy, and performed PCR with primer pairs for an internal control gene (Le1) and RR soy followed by agarose gel electrophoresis. The PCR product amplified in this PCR system for Le1 was detected from all samples. The sensitivity, specificity, and false-negative and false-positive rates of the method were obtained from the results of RR soy detection. False-negative rates at the level of 0.05 and 0.10% of the RR soy samples were 6.0 and 2.3%, respectively, revealing that the LOD of the method was somewhat below 0.10%. The current study demonstrated that the qualitative method would be practical for monitoring the labeling system of GM soy in kernel lots. PMID:21391499

Kodama, Takashi; Kasahara, Masaki; Minegishi, Yasutaka; Futo, Satoshi; Sawada, Chihiro; Watai, Masatoshi; Akiyama, Hiroshi; Teshima, Reiko; Kurosawa, Yasunori; Furui, Satoshi; Hino, Akihiro; Kitta, Kazumi

2011-01-01

70

Usability evaluation in Virtual Environments through empirical studies involving users  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper briefly justifies the relevance of empirical studies involving users (either controlled or exploratory experiments) as methods that should be used to study and evaluate usability in Virtual Environments. The paper also briefly presents some examples of such experiments that have been performed in order to study user performance while navigating in a Virtual Environment in different platforms.

Beatriz Sousa Santos; Paulo Dias; Paulo Santos; Samuel Silva; Carlos Ferreira

71

An Empirical Microeconomic Study of the Entrepreneur  

E-print Network

Entrepreneurs are an important segment of the economy, particularly in terms of economic development (Baumol, et al. 2007). However, the study of entrepreneurs and how they create firms is still an open question (Venkataraman 1998). In part...

Leonard, John Mark

2007-12-03

72

Empirical studies of test-suite reduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Test-suite reduction techniques attempt to reduce the costs of saving and reusing test cases during software maintenance by eliminating redundant test cases from test suites. A potential drawback of these techniques is that reducing the size of a test suite might reduce its ability to reveal faults in the software. Previous studies have suggested that test-suite reduction techniques can reduce

Gregg Rothermel; Mary Jean Harrold; Jeffery Von Ronne; Christie Hong

2002-01-01

73

Empirical study of topic modeling in Twitter  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks such as Facebook, LinkedIn, and Twitter have been a crucial source of information for a wide spectrum of users. In Twitter, popular information that is deemed important by the community propagates through the network. Studying the characteristics of content in the messages becomes important for a number of tasks, such as breaking news detection, personalized message recommendation, friends

Liangjie Hong; Brian D. Davison

2010-01-01

74

How Clones are Maintained: An Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Despite the conventional wisdom,concerning,the risks related to the use of source code cloning as a software de- velopment strategy, several studies appeared in literature indicated that this is not true. In most cases clones are prop- erly maintained and, when this does not happen, is because cloned code evolves independently. Stemming from previous works, this paper combines clone detection

Lerina Aversano; Luigi Cerulo; Massimiliano Di Penta

2007-01-01

75

Infomercials and advertising effectiveness: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite their increasing use by advertisers, little research has examined the effectiveness of infomercials. This study explores the influence of infomercial advertisement design elements, such as the use of customer testimonials or expert comments, and consumer characteristics, such as level of prior interest in the advertised product, upon perceptions of advertising effectiveness. With the assistance of the New Zealand division

Brett A. S. Martin; Andrew C. Bhimy; Tom Agee

2002-01-01

76

BUSINESS STRATEGY AND INNOVATIVENESS: RESULTS FROM AN EMPIRICAL STUDY1  

E-print Network

with little growth. Four different innovation types are employed in this research: product, process, marketing, innovativeness, empirical study, structural equa- tion modeling. 1 INTRODUCTION This study aims to test are under the pres- 1 To appear in "Competitive Manufacturing for Innovative Products and Services

Yanikoglu, Berrin

77

An empirical study of an agglomeration network  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, researchers have reported many models mimicking real network evolution growth, among which some are based on network aggregation growth. However, until now, relatively few experiments have been reported. Accordingly, in this paper, photomicrographs of real materials (the agglomeration in the filtrate of slurry formed by a GaP-nanoparticle conglomerate dispersed in water) are analyzed within the framework of complex network theory. By data mapping from photomicrographs we generate undirected networks and as a definition of degree we adopt the number of pixel's nearest neighbors while adjacent pixels define a connection or an edge. We study the topological structure of these networks including degree distribution, clustering coefficient and average path length. In addition, we discuss the self-similarity and synchronizability of the networks. We find that the synchronizability of high-concentration agglomeration is better than that of low-concentration agglomeration; we also find that agglomeration networks possess good self-similar features.

Zhang, Yichao; Zhang, Zhaochun; Guan, Jihong

2007-10-01

78

Collective behavior in animal groups: theoretical models and empirical studies  

PubMed Central

Collective phenomena in animal groups have attracted much attention in the last years, becoming one of the hottest topics in ethology. There are various reasons for this. On the one hand, animal grouping provides a paradigmatic example of self-organization, where collective behavior emerges in absence of centralized control. The mechanism of group formation, where local rules for the individuals lead to a coherent global state, is very general and transcends the detailed nature of its components. In this respect, collective animal behavior is a subject of great interdisciplinary interest. On the other hand, there are several important issues related to the biological function of grouping and its evolutionary success. Research in this field boasts a number of theoretical models, but much less empirical results to compare with. For this reason, even if the general mechanisms through which self-organization is achieved are qualitatively well understood, a quantitative test of the models assumptions is still lacking. New analysis on large groups, which require sophisticated technological procedures, can provide the necessary empirical data. PMID:19404431

Giardina, Irene

2008-01-01

79

Continued Use of a Chinese Online Portal: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evolution of the internet has made online portals a popular means of surfing the internet. In internet commerce, understanding the post-adoption behaviour of users of online portals can help enterprises to attract new users and retain existing customers. For predicting continued use intentions, this empirical study focused on applying and…

Shih, Hung-Pin

2008-01-01

80

Object Graphs with Ownership Domains: an Empirical Study  

E-print Network

}@wayne.edu, Abstract. Researchers have proposed many ownership type systems but reported limited experience with most evaluation 1 Introduction Researchers have proposed many ownership type systems [39, 21, 36, 17, 9, 23, 18Object Graphs with Ownership Domains: an Empirical Study Radu Vanciu and Marwan Abi

Abi-Antoun, Marwan

81

Floral density and the facilitation of pollination - an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foraging pollinators can be expected to choose patches with high densities of floral resources. As a result, plants in flower-dense patches may receive higher visitation rates and pollination, hence, the pollination of one plant may be facilitated by the presence of neighbour plants. Facilitation of pollination has been predicted by theoretical models and demonstrated in some empirical studies, all dealing

Jörgen Wissman; Tommy Lennartsson; N. Erik Sjödin

82

An Empirical Study of Design Patterns and Software Quality  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an empirical study of the impact of design patterns on quality attributes in the context of software maintenance and evolution. Our flrst hypothesis verifles software engineering lore: design patterns impact software quality positively. We show that, contrary to popular beliefs, design patterns in practice impact negatively several quality at- tributes, thus providing concrete evidence against common lore. We

Foutse Khomh; Yann-Gael Gueheneuc

83

Educational Inequality and Income Inequality: An Empirical Study on China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the endogenous growth theory, this paper uses the Gini coefficient to measure educational inequality and studies the empirical relationship between educational inequality and income inequality through a simultaneous equation model. The results show that: (1) Income inequality leads to educational inequality while the reduction of…

Yang, Jun; Huang, Xiao; Li, Xiaoyu

2009-01-01

84

Ecological Economy (2008)4: 24-34 Empirical Study  

E-print Network

24 Ecological Economy (2008)4: 24-34 Empirical Study Eco-certification of non-timber forest products in China: address- ing income generation and biodiversity conservation needs Marco Stark 1 *, Dong 650204, P. R. China 2. School of Natural Resources, Southwest Forestry College, Kunming 650224, P. R

85

Threat, Intimidation, and Student Financial Market Knowledge: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Threat emanating from financial markets may intimidate college students to some degree. In this article, the authors considered the influence of such intimidation on student financial market knowledge. They hypothesized a negative relationship between intimidation and market knowledge. An empirical study of over 150 undergraduate business school…

Ford, Matthew W.; Devoto, Steve; Kent, Daniel W.; Harrison, Todd

2007-01-01

86

An empirical study of the returns on defaulted debt  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study empirically analyses the historical performance of defaulted debt from Moody's Ultimate Recovery Database (1987–2010). Motivated by a stylized structural model of credit risk with systematic recovery risk, we argue and find evidence that returns on defaulted debt co-vary with determinants of the market risk premium, firm specific and structural factors. Defaulted debt returns in our sample are observed

Michael Jacobs Jr

2012-01-01

87

An empirical study of cycles among classes in Java  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many authors have implied dependency cycles are widespread among the classes of object-oriented software systems. Proponents of the design prin- ciple Avoid cyclic dependencies among moduleshave argued such cycles are detrimental to certain software quality attributes (e. g., understandabil- ity, testability, reusability, buildability and maintain ability). In this paper we present the first significant empirical study of cycles among the

Hayden Melton; Ewan D. Tempero

2007-01-01

88

Appropriate Methodology for Empirical Studies of Privacy Natalia Romero  

E-print Network

1 Appropriate Methodology for Empirical Studies of Privacy Natalia Romero User Centered Engg. Eindhoven University of Technology Eindhoven, Netherlands n.a.romero @tue.nl Evelien Perik Media Interaction to context.) As a result, to fully achieve their potential such systems must first overcome various social

Patil, Sameer

89

Organisational Learning and Performance--An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the important question "how the learning entities--individual, group or organisation--are affecting organisational performance". The answer is important for promoting learning and improving performance. This empirical study in the leading power utility in India found that there is a positive relation between individual- and…

Jyothibabu, C.; Pradhan, Bibhuti Bhusan; Farooq, Ayesha

2011-01-01

90

Empirical Study of Life-Cycle Cost Analysis for Bridges  

E-print Network

Empirical Study of Life-Cycle Cost Analysis for Bridges Progress Report Ahmad Hadavi, PhD, PE and their timing during the life of a bridge to achieve the 50- to 100-year service life that many bridge, 2003). #12;Bridge LCCA Advantages · Important technique for assisting with investment decisions

91

Experiences of abortion: A narrative review of qualitative studies  

PubMed Central

Background Although abortion or termination of pregnancy (TOP) has become an increasingly normalized component of women's health care over the past forty years, insufficient attention has been paid to women's experiences of surgical or medical methods of TOP. Objective To undertake a narrative review of qualitative studies of women's experiences of TOP and their perspectives on surgical or medical methods. Methods Keyword searches of Medline, CINAHL, ISI, and IBSS databases. Manual searches of other relevant journals and reference lists of primary articles. Results Qualitative studies (n = 18) on women's experiences of abortion were identified. Analysis of the results of studies reviewed revealed three main themes: experiential factors that promote or inhibit the choice to seek TOP; experiences of TOP; and experiential aspects of the environment in which TOP takes place. Conclusion Women's choices about TOP are mainly pragmatic ones that are related to negotiating finite personal and family and emotional resources. Women who are well informed and supported in their choices experience good psychosocial outcomes from TOP. Home TOP using mifepristone appears attractive to women who are concerned about professionals' negative attitudes and lack of privacy in formal healthcare settings but also leads to concerns about management and safety. PMID:18637178

Lie, Mabel LS; Robson, Stephen C; May, Carl R

2008-01-01

92

Iranian patient's expectations about coronary angiography: A qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background: Coronary angiography is recognized as the gold test for diagnosis of coronary artery diseases. Based on the literature review, little is known about patients’ expectations about this procedure. Understanding the patient's expectations is an important way to achieve patient-centered care. The purpose of this study was to explore the expectations of Iranian patients undergoing coronary angiography. Materials and Methods: This descriptive exploratory qualitative study was carried out between 2011 and 2012 in three hospitals in Shiraz, Iran, with a purposive sample of 15 patients (7 men and 8 women, about 28-70 years of age). Data were collected using semi-structured interviews to explore the patients’ expectations. Interview data were analyzed using conventional qualitative content analysis approach. Results: The interviews revealed that the participants had four main categories of expectations about coronary angiography. The patient's expectations were those from angiography, from the treatment team, and the need for preparation of angiography, education, and training. Conclusions: In general, the results of this study revealed a new insight into the expectations of patients undergoing coronary angiography. Patient education and preparation should include information addressing the expectations. Moreover, an appropriate care program based on the patients’ expectations can promote the quality of care and satisfaction of patients. PMID:23983751

Kalyani, Majid N.; Sharif, Farkhondeh; Ahmadi, Fazlollah; Iman, Mohammad T.

2013-01-01

93

Journey to vaccination: a protocol for a multinational qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Introduction In the past two decades, childhood vaccination coverage has increased dramatically, averting an estimated 2–3 million deaths per year. Adult vaccination coverage, however, remains inconsistently recorded and substandard. Although structural barriers are known to limit coverage, social and psychological factors can also affect vaccine uptake. Previous qualitative studies have explored beliefs, attitudes and preferences associated with seasonal influenza (flu) vaccination uptake, yet little research has investigated how participants’ context and experiences influence their vaccination decision-making process over time. This paper aims to provide a detailed account of a mixed methods approach designed to understand the wider constellation of social and psychological factors likely to influence adult vaccination decisions, as well as the context in which these decisions take place, in the USA, the UK, France, India, China and Brazil. Methods and analysis We employ a combination of qualitative interviewing approaches to reach a comprehensive understanding of the factors influencing vaccination decisions, specifically seasonal flu and tetanus. To elicit these factors, we developed the journey to vaccination, a new qualitative approach anchored on the heuristics and biases tradition and the customer journey mapping approach. A purposive sampling strategy is used to select participants who represent a range of key sociodemographic characteristics. Thematic analysis will be used to analyse the data. Typical journeys to vaccination will be proposed. Ethics and dissemination Vaccination uptake is significantly influenced by social and psychological factors, some of which are under-reported and poorly understood. This research will provide a deeper understanding of the barriers and drivers to adult vaccination. Our findings will be published in relevant peer-reviewed journals and presented at academic conferences. They will also be presented as practical recommendations at policy and industry meetings and healthcare professionals’ forums. This research was approved by relevant local ethics committees. PMID:24486678

Wheelock, Ana; Miraldo, Marisa; Parand, Anam; Vincent, Charles; Sevdalis, Nick

2014-01-01

94

Psychiatric Nurses' Perceptions about Physical Restraint; A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background: The use of physical restraint as an intervention in the care of psychiatric patients dates back to the beginning of psychiatry. Although it is a challenging question, it is still one of the common procedures in psychiatry. Considering that very little research has been done in Iran in relation to physical restraint, this qualitative study aimed to investigate the experiences of  nurses working in psychiatric wards regarding physical restraint. Methods: This qualitative study was done on 14 nurses working in the psychiatric hospitals of Ahvaz city, southern Iran, during 2011-2012. The participants were selected by purposive sampling. Semi-structured interviews were used for data collection, which were continued until data saturation and emergence of themes. Inductive content analysis was used to analyze the data. Results: Four categories emerged: (1) Restraint as a multi-purpose procedure, (2) Processing of physical restraint, (3) Restraint as a challenging subject and (4) The effects of restraint on the spectrum. Each category has several different sub-categories. Conclusion: The participants described using physical restraint as one of the main strategies to control psychiatric patients, and despite having negative consequences, it is extensively used. Given the risks and challenges of using physical restraint, nursing education should find alternative methods.

Fereidooni Moghadam, Malek; Fallahi Khoshknab, Masoud; Pazargadi, Mehrnoosh

2014-01-01

95

Mission Operations Planning with Preferences: An Empirical Study  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

This paper presents an empirical study of some nonexhaustive approaches to optimizing preferences within the context of constraint-based, mixed-initiative planning for mission operations. This work is motivated by the experience of deploying and operating the MAPGEN (Mixed-initiative Activity Plan GENerator) system for the Mars Exploration Rover Mission. Responsiveness to the user is one of the important requirements for MAPGEN, hence, the additional computation time needed to optimize preferences must be kept within reasonabble bounds. This was the primary motivation for studying non-exhaustive optimization approaches. The specific goals of rhe empirical study are to assess the impact on solution quality of two greedy heuristics used in MAPGEN and to assess the improvement gained by applying a linear programming optimization technique to the final solution.

Bresina, John L.; Khatib, Lina; McGann, Conor

2006-01-01

96

Understanding "revolving door" patients in general practice: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background ‘Revolving door’ patients in general practice are repeatedly removed from general practitioners’ (GP) lists. This paper reports a qualitative portion of the first mixed methods study of these marginalised patients. Methods We conducted qualitative semi-structured interviews with six practitioner services staff and six GPs in Scotland, utilizing Charmazian grounded theory to characterise ‘revolving door’ patients and their impact from professionals’ perspectives. Results ‘Revolving door’ patients were reported as having three necessary characteristics; they had unreasonable expectations, exhibited inappropriate behaviours and had unmet health needs. A range of boundary breaches were reported too when ‘revolving door’ patients interacted with NHS staff. Conclusions We utilise the ‘sensitising concepts’ of legitimacy by drawing on literature about ‘good and bad’ patients and ‘dirty work designations.’ We relate these to the core work of general practice and explore the role that medical and moral schemas have in how health service professionals understand and work with ‘revolving door’ patients. We suggest this may have wider relevance for the problem doctor patient relationship literature. PMID:24524363

2014-01-01

97

Support Needs of Informal Hospice Caregivers: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background Informal caregivers of hospice patients experience multiple stressors that can negatively impact physical, psychological, and emotional health. The goal of this qualitative study was to understand caregivers' needs to inform the feasibility, structure, and content of a telephone-based counseling intervention. Methods Focus groups and interviews with 36 former hospice caregivers and 11 hospice staff from 6 hospices were conducted. Interviews and focus groups were audio-recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using a constant comparative approach. Results Key content areas included coping, emotional support, self-care, logistical issues, and bereavement. Respondents supported telephone-based counseling, appreciating its relative anonymity and convenience. It was recommended that calls be initiated by the counselor, on a weekly basis, and that one counselor be assigned to each caregiver. Hospice staff emphasized the need to coordinate telephone counseling with hospice care, scheduling around and communicating with hospice staff. Most caregivers indicated that they would participate in telephone-based counseling were it available; hospice staff thought that half of caregivers would participate. A pervasive theme was that “there can never be enough support for a caregiver.” Conclusion Informal caregivers of hospice patients have support needs that are amenable to telephone-based counseling designed to be complementary to existing hospice services. Based on these qualitative findings, we are pilot-testing a telephone-based cognitive-behavioral stress management program for informal caregivers of hospice patients. PMID:19764830

Kilbourn, Kristin M.; Costenaro, Allison; Lee, Courtney A.; Nowels, Carolyn; Vancura, Jenny L.; Anderson, Derek; Keech, Tarah Ellis

2009-01-01

98

Teaching and assessing procedural skills: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Graduating Internal Medicine residents must possess sufficient skills to perform a variety of medical procedures. Little is known about resident experiences of acquiring procedural skills proficiency, of practicing these techniques, or of being assessed on their proficiency. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively investigate resident 1) experiences of the acquisition of procedural skills and 2) perceptions of procedural skills assessment methods available to them. Methods Focus groups were conducted in the weeks following an assessment of procedural skills incorporated into an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Using fundamental qualitative description, emergent themes were identified and analyzed. Results Residents perceived procedural skills assessment on the OSCE as a useful formative tool for direct observation and immediate feedback. This positive reaction was regularly expressed in conjunction with a frustration with available assessment systems. Participants reported that proficiency was acquired through resident directed learning with no formal mechanism to ensure acquisition or maintenance of skills. Conclusions The acquisition and assessment of procedural skills in Internal Medicine programs should move toward a more structured system of teaching, deliberate practice and objective assessment. We propose that directed, self-guided learning might meet these needs. PMID:23672617

2013-01-01

99

Incorporating Music into the Social Studies Classroom: A Qualitative Study of Secondary Social Studies Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a six-month qualitative study, this article examines how four secondary Social Studies teachers made meaning of music, and how those perspectives informed their pedagogical choices regarding music in their classrooms. Specifically, this article analyzes three ways the teachers talked about, viewed and incorporated music in their…

Mangram, Jeffery A.; Weber, Rachel L.

2012-01-01

100

Participants' recommendations for the ideal grief group: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Based on the results from the qualitative part of the study "Grief Groups in Norway" conducted in 2009-2011, this article focuses on grief group participants' recommendations for good or ideal grief groups. Participants have insightful observations about grief groups and how they can be improved, and taking their point of view seriously is one important way of ensuring that users of such group get an optimal experience from joining such groups. Using their experiences to adjust the structure and function of the groups, one can allow for practical solutions for organizations that have difficulties starting up grief support groups, for example, in areas where the population density is low. A major finding in this study was that grief group participants stressed the importance of thorough information before and at the start of grief groups. This concerned information about the aim, structure, organization, and possible effects and limitations of group participation. PMID:24416876

Dyregrov, Kari; Dyregrov, Atle; Johnsen, Iren

2013-01-01

101

Cutting down: insights from qualitative studies of smoking in pregnancy.  

PubMed

The adverse effects of smoking in pregnancy are minimised if the mother quits completely in early pregnancy. Smokers are therefore advised to quit abruptly; cutting down is not recommended either as a method of, or alternative to, quitting. However, most pregnant smokers do not quit and cutting down is widely reported. Evidence comes primarily from quantitative studies; qualitative research has contributed little to understandings of cigarette consumption in pregnancy. In consequence, little is known about the place and meaning of cutting down for pregnant smokers. The paper investigates this important dimension of maternal smoking. It explores perceptions and experiences of cutting down among pregnant smokers by examining data from a systematic review of qualitative studies of smoking in pregnancy. The studies were located in high-income countries and published between 1970 and 2012. Twenty-six studies, reported in 29 papers, were included, representing over 640 women. Meta-ethnography guided the analysis and synthesis. Data (participants' accounts and authors' interpretations) were extracted and coded; codes were progressively combined to identify overarching themes ('lines of argument'). Running through the lines of argument was evidence on cutting down; the paper presents and analyses this evidence. The analysis indicates that cutting down figured centrally as both a method of quitting and, for persistent smokers, a method of harm reduction. While pregnant women were aware that official advice was to quit abruptly, cutting down was seen as a positive behaviour change in often-difficult domestic circumstances, and one that health professionals condoned. Our findings suggest that cutting down in pregnancy, as an aid and an alternative to quitting, requires greater recognition if healthcare and tobacco control policies are to be sensitive to the perspectives and circumstances of pregnant smokers. PMID:24224830

Graham, Hilary; Flemming, Kate; Fox, David; Heirs, Morag; Sowden, Amanda

2014-05-01

102

Sexual Activity during Pregnancy in Taiwan: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background Pregnancy is a special period in a woman's life that involves physical and mental changes. These changes are influenced by cultural, social, religious, and emotional factors among others. Aim The aims of this article were to gather information, to describe the changes and behavior of sexual experiences in pregnancy, and to identify the reasons why pregnant women from central Taiwan decrease coital frequency during pregnancy. Methods This phenomenological qualitative research was intended to respond to open-ended questions that allowed the respondents to elaborate on the individuals' experiences. We collected data from in-depth, tape-recorded, and semi-structured interviews conducted in a cross-sectional study of 62 healthy pregnant women. The investigation ended when three consecutive interviewed subjects could not offer any new activities, which indicated that the study had reached its saturation point. Main Outcome Measures We performed data collection and content analysis to ensure standards of rigor and reliability. Credibility was enhanced by prolonged engagement, triangulation, referential adequacy, member checking, and expert review; we categorized meaningful unit-codes in a mutually exclusive and exhaustive manner into perceptions, experiences, and practices such that common themes were grouped into categories. Results Three themes emerged: negative aspects of sexual experiences; stress and emotional responses; and changes in sexual practices. The majority of the women stopped engaging in coital activities during pregnancy. We determined that in most cases, the 62 participants obtained information regarding sexual activity during pregnancy from postpartum women and the Internet. Conclusions The current evidence-based findings encourage the provision of sexuality education to newlyweds and the discussion of sex-related issues during pregnancy. We propose developing strategies for increasing sexual knowledge and focusing on emotional support to decrease pregnant women's anxiety regarding sexuality in Taiwan. Liu HL, Hsu P, and Chen KH. Sexual activity during pregnancy in Taiwan: A qualitative study. Sex Med 2013;1:54–61. PMID:25356288

Liu, Hsin-Li; Hsu, Pohan; Chen, Kuang-Ho

2013-01-01

103

Strategies for Improving Participation in Diabetes Education. A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Objective Diabetes mellitus is highly prevalent and can lead to serious complications and mortality. Patient education can help to avoid negative outcomes, but up to half of the patients do not participate. The aim of this study was to analyze patients' attitudes towards diabetes education in order to identify barriers to participation and develop strategies for better patient education. Methods We conducted a qualitative study. Seven GP practices were purposively selected based on socio-demographic data of city districts in Hamburg, Germany. Study participants were selected by their GPs in order to increase participation. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with 14 patients. Interviews were audiotaped and transcribed verbatim. The sample size was determined by data saturation. Data were analysed by qualitative content analysis. Categories were determined deductively and inductively. Results The interviews yielded four types of barriers: 1) Statements and behaviour of the attending physician influence the patients' decisions about diabetes education. 2) Both, a good state of health related to diabetes and physical/psychosocial comorbidity can be reasons for non-participation. 3) Manifold motivational factors were discussed. They ranged from giving low priority to diabetes to avoidance of implications of diabetes education as being confronted with illness narratives of others. 4) Barriers also include aspects of the patients' knowledge and activity. Conclusions First, physicians should encourage patients to participate in diabetes education and argue that they can profit even if actual treatment and examination results are promising. Second, patients with other priorities, psychic comorbidity or functional limitations might profit more from continuous individualized education adapted to their specific situation instead of group education. Third, it might be justified that patients do not participate in diabetes education if they have slightly increased blood sugar values only and no risk for harmful consequences or if they already have sufficient knowledge on diabetes. PMID:24733428

Schafer, Ingmar; Pawels, Marc; Kuver, Claudia; Pohontsch, Nadine Janis; Scherer, Martin; van den Bussche, Hendrik; Kaduszkiewicz, Hanna

2014-01-01

104

Stakeholder experiences with general practice pharmacist services: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To explore general practice staff, pharmacist and patient experiences with pharmacist services in Australian general practice clinics within the Pharmacists in Practice Study. Design Qualitative study. Setting Two general practice clinics in Melbourne, Australia, in which pharmacists provided medication reviews, patient and staff education, medicines information and quality assurance services over a 6-month period. Participants Patients, practice staff and pharmacists. Method Semi-structured telephone interviews with patients, focus groups with practice staff and semi-structured interviews and periodic narrative reports with practice pharmacists. Data were analysed thematically and theoretical frameworks used to explain the findings. Results 34 participants were recruited: 18 patients, 14 practice staff (9 general practitioners, 4 practice nurses, 1 practice manager) and 2 practice pharmacists. Five main themes emerged: environment; professional relationships and integration; pharmacist attributes; staff and patient benefits and logistical challenges. Participants reported that colocation and the interdisciplinary environment of general practice enabled better communication and collaboration compared to traditional community and consultant pharmacy services. Participants felt that pharmacists needed to possess certain attributes to ensure successful integration, including being personable and proactive. Attitudinal, professional and logistical barriers were identified but were able to be overcome. The findings were explained using D'Amour's structuration model of collaboration and Roger's diffusion of innovation theory. Conclusions This is the first qualitative study to explore the experiences of general practice staff, pharmacists and patients on their interactions within the Australian general practice environment. Participants were receptive of colocated pharmacist services, and various barriers and facilitators to integration were identified. Future research should investigate the feasibility and sustainability of general practice pharmacist roles. PMID:24030867

Tan, Edwin C K; Stewart, Kay; Elliott, Rohan A; George, Johnson

2013-01-01

105

Experiences and perceptions of people with headache: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Few qualitative studies of headache have been conducted and as a result we have little in-depth understanding of the experiences and perceptions of people with headache. The aim of this paper was to explore the perceptions and experiences of individuals with headache and their experiences of associated healthcare and treatment. Methods A qualitative study of individuals with headache, sampled from a population-based study of chronic pain was conducted in the North-East of Scotland, UK. Seventeen semi-structured interviews were conducted with adults aged 65 or less. Interviews were analysed using the Framework approach utilising thematic analysis. Results Almost every participant reported that they were unable to function fully as a result of the nature and unpredictability of their headaches and this had caused disruption to their work, family life and social activities. Many also reported a negative impact on mood including feeling depressed, aggressive or embarrassed. Most participants had formed their own ideas about different aspects of their headache and several had searched for, or were seeking, increased understanding of their headache from a variety of sources. Many participants reported that their headaches caused them constant worry and anguish, and they were concerned that there was a serious underlying cause. A variety of methods were being used to manage headaches including conventional medication, complementary therapies and self-developed management techniques. Problems associated with all of these management strategies emerged. Conclusion Headache has wide-ranging adverse effects on individuals and is often accompanied by considerable worry. The development of new interventions or educational strategies aimed at reducing the burden of the disorder and associated anxiety are needed. PMID:16670013

Leiper, Deborah A; Elliott, Alison M; Hannaford, Philip C

2006-01-01

106

Transgenerational transmission of trauma and resilience: a qualitative study with Brazilian offspring of Holocaust survivors  

PubMed Central

Background Over the past five decades, clinicians and researchers have debated the impact of the Holocaust on the children of its survivors. The transgenerational transmission of trauma has been explored in more than 500 articles, which have failed to reach reliable conclusions that could be generalized. The psychiatric literature shows mixed findings regarding this subject: many clinical studies reported psychopathological findings related to transgenerational transmission of trauma and some empirical research has found no evidence of this phenomenon in offspring of Holocaust survivors. Method This qualitative study aims to detect how the second generation perceives transgenerational transmission of their parents’ experiences in the Holocaust. In-depth individual interviews were conducted with fifteen offspring of Holocaust survivors and sought to analyze experiences, meanings and subjective processes of the participants. A Grounded Theory approach was employed, and constant comparative method was used for analysis of textual data. Results The development of conceptual categories led to the emergence of distinct patterns of communication from parents to their descendants. The qualitative methodology also allowed systematization of the different ways in which offspring can deal with parental trauma, which determine the development of specific mechanisms of traumatic experience or resilience in the second generation. Conclusions The conceptual categories constructed by the Grounded Theory approach were used to present a possible model of the transgenerational transmission of trauma, showing that not only traumatic experiences, but also resilience patterns can be transmitted to and developed by the second generation. As in all qualitative studies, these conclusions cannot be generalized, but the findings can be tested in other contexts. PMID:22943578

2012-01-01

107

Evidence for the Effectiveness of Jungian Psychotherapy: A Review of Empirical Studies  

PubMed Central

Since the 1990s several research projects and empirical studies (process and outcome) on Jungian Psychotherapy have been conducted mainly in Germany and Switzerland. Prospective, naturalistic outcome studies and retrospective studies using standardized instruments and health insurance data as well as several qualitative studies of aspects of the psychotherapeutic process will be summarized. The studies are diligently designed and the results are well applicable to the conditions of outpatient practice. All the studies show significant improvements not only on the level of symptoms and interpersonal problems, but also on the level of personality structure and in every day life conduct. These improvements remain stable after completion of therapy over a period of up to six years. Several studies show further improvements after the end of therapy, an effect which psychoanalysis has always claimed. Health insurance data show that, after Jungian therapy, patients reduce health care utilization to a level even below the average of the total population. Results of several studies show that Jungian treatment moves patients from a level of severe symptoms to a level where one can speak of psychological health. These significant changes are reached by Jungian therapy with an average of 90 sessions, which makes Jungian psychotherapy an effective and cost-effective method. Process studies support Jungian theories on psychodynamics and elements of change in the therapeutic process. So finally, Jungian psychotherapy has reached the point where it can be called an empirically proven, effective method. PMID:25379256

Roesler, Christian

2013-01-01

108

A qualitative study of predelivery counselling for extreme prematurity  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain from parents of neonates born before 27 weeks’ gestational age how to improve predelivery counselling for delivery room resuscitation. METHODS: Qualitative ethnographic study using semistructured, face-to-face interviews of 10 families. Data were analyzed using a constant comparative method. RESULTS: Parents had no previous knowledge about prematurity. They would have preferred prioritized information during predelivery counselling focused on the immediate risks to their child. Resuscitation wishes were inconsistently sought. Opportunities for repeat discussions involving both parents were often missed. Parents agreed that the opportunity to explicitly state resuscitation wishes should be offered. Additional materials, such as pamphlets or videos, would improve counselling. CONCLUSIONS: Information about prematurity should be offered when the pregnancy is deemed high risk, with repeat counselling opportunities for both parents to discuss options. Once the decision is made to resuscitate, parents want the neonatal team to convey a message of hope and compassion. PMID:24082803

Young, Elizabeth; Tsai, Ellen; O'Riordan, Anne

2012-01-01

109

A qualitative study of role transition from RN to APN.  

PubMed

Role transition from registered nurse to advanced practice nurse is a difficult process. A qualitative thematic analysis guided the integration of various experiences of 24 students in a two-credit, web-based role development course in a Master's of Science in Nursing program at a large Midwestern university. Findings supported that students had developed an understanding of the core competencies and complexity of the advanced practice nurse role, and that beginning role transition had occurred. An overarching theme, 'the essence of nursing' was evident. Three sub-themes supported the occurrence of role transition, which included the importance of: a) building a framework for nursing practice, b) direct patient care, and c) comprehension and exemplification of professional responsibilities. This study has implications for nurse educators interested in promoting advanced practice nurse role transition early in the educational process. PMID:20597859

Spoelstra, Sandra L; Robbins, Lorraine B

2010-01-01

110

Coparenting in kinship Families With Incarcerated Mothers: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

The number of incarcerated mothers has risen steadily in the past 20 years, with a majority of the mothers’ children being cared for by relatives, usually the maternal grandmother (Smith, Krisman, Strozier, & Marley, 2004). This article examines the unique coparenting relationship of grandmothers and mothers through qualitative individual interviews with a sample of 24 incarcerated mothers with children between the ages of 2 and 6, and 24 grandmothers raising their children. The study revealed many different variants of healthy coparenting alliances, achieved against often huge odds. Much variation was also discovered in dyads where coparenting alliances were not as successful. Implications for practice include performing structural family assessments, enhancing jail education programs, and offering extended coparenting treatment after discharge. PMID:21720495

Strozier, Anne L.; Armstrong, Mary; Skuza, Stella; Cecil, Dawn; McHale, James

2011-01-01

111

Qualitative Versus Quantitative Studies in Psychiatry: Two Examples of Cooperation from Suicidology  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two ways in which qualitative and quantitative research can cooperate are described: clinical research as a source of hypotheses for the quantitative researcher and qualitative studies of clinical descriptions. Examples are given from the field of suicidology.

David Lester

2002-01-01

112

Cognitive Styles and Managerial Behaviour: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to contribute further insights into how cognitive styles influence managerial behaviour, using a qualitative approach. Design/methodology/approach: Written testimonies were gathered from people with different cognitive styles, and content analysed (n = 100). Findings: Qualitative evidence was found for…

Cools, Eva; Van Den Broeck, Herman

2008-01-01

113

Ethics and Representation in Qualitative Studies of Literacy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reflecting on the practice of qualitative literacy research, this book presents 14 essays that address the most pressing questions faced by qualitative researchers today: how to represent others and themselves in research narratives; how to address ethical dilemmas in research-participant relations; and how to deal with various rhetorical,…

Mortensen, Peter, Ed.; Kirsch, Gesa E., Ed.

114

Parental Experience of Child Protection Intervention: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To explore the ways in which parents experience and negotiate child protection intervention. Method: A qualitative grounded theory approach was used. In-depth qualitative interviews explored the experiences of 18 parents who had received child protection services. Grounded theory methods were used to build a model representing the ways…

Dumbrill, Gary C.

2006-01-01

115

Participant experiences in a breastmilk biomonitoring study: A qualitative assessment  

PubMed Central

Background Biomonitoring studies can provide information about individual and population-wide exposure. However they must be designed in a way that protects the rights and welfare of participants. This descriptive qualitative study was conducted as a follow-up to a breastmilk biomonitoring study. The primary objectives were to assess participants' experiences in the study, including the report-back of individual body burden results, and to determine if participation in the study negatively affected breastfeeding rates or duration. Methods Participants of the Greater Boston PBDE Breastmilk Biomonitoring Study were contacted and asked about their experiences in the study: the impact of study recruitment materials on attitudes towards breastfeeding; if participants had wanted individual biomonitoring results; if the protocol by which individual results were distributed met participants' needs; and the impact of individual results on attitudes towards breastfeeding. Results No participants reported reducing the duration of breastfeeding because of the biomonitoring study, but some responses suggested that breastmilk biomonitoring studies have the potential to raise anxieties about breastfeeding. Almost all participants wished to obtain individual results. Although several reported some concern about individual body burden, none reported reducing the duration of breastfeeding because of biomonitoring results. The study literature and report-back method were found to mitigate potential negative impacts. Conclusion Biomonitoring study design, including clear communication about the benefits of breastfeeding and the manner in which individual results are distributed, can prevent negative impacts of biomonitoring on breastfeeding. Adoption of more specific standards for biomonitoring studies and continued study of risk communication issues related to biomonitoring will help protect participants from harm. PMID:19226469

2009-01-01

116

Insecurities of Women Regarding Breast Cancer Research: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Objectives Only 1.2%–11% of all potential study participants participate in cancer studies. Low participation rates can result in bias or in a failure to obtain data saturation. Subject-scientific psychology assumes that reasons for acting are based on individual premises. The objective of this study was to render reproducible individual reasons of female breast cancer patients to participate or not participate in breast cancer studies using a qualitative approach. Methods Problem-based interviews were conducted with female breast cancer patients. The selection of interview partners continued until theoretical data saturation was achieved. Results As main arguments against participation emotional overload and too many medication side-effects were stated. Improvement of health-related values, long-term protection and comprehensive follow-up exams were stated as arguments for participation. Trust in the attending physician was mentioned as influencing both participation and non-participation. Conclusions A significant influential factor determining willingness to participate in studies was one's contentment with patient-physician communication. In order to guarantee an adequate patient decision-making process, keeping existing standards for patient briefings is absolutely mandatory. PMID:24312584

Habersack, Marion; Luschin, Gero

2013-01-01

117

Iranian nurses' perceptions of social responsibility: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Social responsibility is intertwined with nursing; however, perceptions of Iranian nurses about social responsibility has not been explored yet. This study, as part of a larger qualitative grounded theory approach study, aims to explore Iranian nurses' perception of social responsibility. The study participants included 10 nurses with different job levels. The study data were generated through semi-structured interviews. The participants were selected through purposeful sampling approach, which was then followed by theoretical sampling until reaching the point of data saturation. All the interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed through constant comparative analysis. Positive human characteristics, professional competencies, professional values, solution-focused nursing care, and deployment of professional performance are five categories obtained from the study. The participants believed socially responsible nurses to have positive personality characteristics as well as the necessary skills to do their duties accurately. Such nurses also respect the values, observe the professional principles, and take major steps toward promotion and deployment of the nursing profession in the society. PMID:24036668

Faseleh-Jahromi, Mohsen; Moattari, Marzieh; Peyrovi, Hamid

2014-05-01

118

Drug promotional practices in Mumbai: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

We conducted a qualitative study to determine the range of promotional practices influencing drug usage in Mumbai. Open-ended interviews were conducted with 15 senior executives in drug companies, 25 chemists and 25 doctors; focus group discussions were held with 36 medical representatives. The study provided a picture of what might be described as an unholy alliance: manufacturers, chemists and doctors conspire to make profits at the expense of consumers and the public's health, even as they negotiate with each other on their respective shares of these profits. Misleading information, incentives and unethical trade practices were identified as methods to increase the prescription and sale of drugs. Medical representatives provide incomplete medical information to influence prescribing practices; they also offer incentives including conference sponsorship. Doctors may also demand incentives, as when doctors' associations threaten to boycott companies that do not comply with their demands for sponsorship. Manufacturers, chemists and medical representatives use various unethical trade practices. Of particular interest was the finding that chemists are major players in this system, providing drug information directly to patients. The study also reinforced our impression that medical representatives are the least powerful of the four groups. PMID:18630221

Roy, Nobhojit; Madhiwalla, Neha; Pai, Sanjay A

2007-01-01

119

Adolescents' experience with scoliosis surgery: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

This article reports a study of adolescents' narrated experiences of undergoing scoliosis surgery. Six adolescents were interviewed. Open and semistructured questions were asked, and a qualitative content analysis of the text was performed. The results are presented in three main categories followed by subcategories. The three main categories of experience were emotional, physical, and social. The emotional aspects that emerged were fear, nightmares, nervousness, and helplessness. These had a great impact on adolescents' well-being before, during, and after the hospital visit. The physical aspects were mobilization, scars, different hip levels, pain, nausea, appetite, and urinary catheter. These aspects caused much discomfort, mostly during the hospital visit. The social aspects were friends, power, coaching and comfort, and sports. Some of the social aspects had a strong negative impact on the adolescents' well-being mostly after the hospital visit. This study suggests that both before and long after the surgery adolescents have strong emotions that they should be better prepared and helped to manage. To optimize perioperative care an interdisciplinary, a holistic approach must be taken that incorporates the complexity and whole of the adolescent's experiences. The findings of this study suggest that perioperative care of adolescents during scoliosis surgery needs to be optimized. To improve patients' psychologic preparation before surgery pediatric nurses should learn more about the individual patient and make care plans from a holistic perspective. Follow-up after discharge should address emotional, social, and physical aspects of the adolescent's health. PMID:23452527

Rullander, Anna-Clara; Isberg, Stefan; Karling, Mats; Jonsson, Håkan; Lindh, Viveca

2013-03-01

120

Relapse Experience in Iranian Opiate Users: a Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background: To understand the relapse process, it is required to notice the clients learned behaviors and environmental contexts. We aimed to explore and describe relapse experiences of Iranian drug users. Methods: This is a grounded theory study and twenty two participants were selected using purposive sampling, snowball and theoretical sampling. After obtaining written informed consent, data gathering was done by means of in-depth semi-structured interviews. According to Strauss and Corbin three phases of open coding, axial coding and selection coding were done for qualitative analysis and continuous comparison. During the research period Guba and Lincoln criteria were used to be reassured of the accuracy and rigor of the study findings. Results: The main categories of this study were craving and conflict, family stress and psychological indicators of relapse that emerged in three phases including recovery, tension and pre-relapse. High anxiety, withdrawal, rationalization and lying were the most common symptoms. Conclusion: Family reactions and social conditions play a key role in relapse. Relapse process is an active and multidimensional event in which the clients experience a psychosocial status continuum from recovery to relapse. Most psychological problems are seen in the tension phase. PMID:25349849

Seyedfatemi, Naiemeh; Peyrovi, Hamid; Jalali, Amir

2014-01-01

121

Emotional experiences in surrogate mothers: A qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background: Surrogacy is one of the new techniques of assisted reproduction technology in which a woman carries and bears a child for another woman. In Iran, many Shia clerics and jurists considered it permissible so there is no religious prohibition for it. In addition to the risk of physical complications for complete surrogate mothers, the possibility of psychological complications resulted from emotional attachment to a living creature in the surrogate mother as another injury requires counseling and assessment prior to acceptance by infertile couples and complete surrogate mothers. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the emotional experiences of surrogate mothers. Materials and Methods: This was a qualitative, phenomenological study. We selected eight complete surrogate mothers in Isfahan. We used convenient sampling method and in-depth interview to collect the information. The data analysis was fulfilled via Colaizzi’s seven-stage method. Reliability and validity study of the roots in the four-axis was done. Results: The findings of these interviews were classified into two main themes and four sub themes: acquired experiences in pregnancy (feelings toward pregnancy, relationship with family, relatives and commissioning couple) and consequences of surrogacy (complications of pregnancy, religious and financial problems of surrogacy). Conclusion: Surrogacy pregnancy should be considered as high-risk emotional experience because many of surrogate mothers may face negative experiences. Therefore, it is recommended that surrogates should receive professional counseling prior to, during and following pregnancy. PMID:25114669

Ahmari Tehran, Hoda; Tashi, Shohreh; Mehran, Nahid; Eskandari, Narges; Dadkhah Tehrani, Tahmineh

2014-01-01

122

A Qualitative Study of the Work Environments of Mexican Nurses  

PubMed Central

Background Studies of the nursing work environment are increasingly common in developed countries, but few exist in developing countries. Because of resource differences between the two contexts, researchers need to clarify what aspects of the work environments are similar and different. Objectives To study the perspectives of Mexican nurses about their work environments to determine similarities and differences to results from developed world studies. Design A secondary, directed content analysis of qualitative data from 46 Spanish language interviews using workplace-oriented themes Setting Purposively selected Mexican states from four regions of the country that reflect the country’s socioeconomic differences. Participants Practicing Mexican nurses with at least one year of clinical experience and currently working in nursing. Participants were recruited through convenience and snowball sampling techniques. Methods Initial data collection occurred in 2006 and 2008 during a broader study about professionalization processes that occurred in Mexican nursing between 1980 and 2005. The secondary, directed content analysis focused on an in-depth exploration of a central theme that emerged from the two original studies: The Workplace. The directed content analysis used themes from the global nursing work environment literature to structure the analysis: Professional relationships, organizational administrative practices, and quality of care and services. Results The three themes from the global literature were relevant for the Mexican context and a new one emerged related to hiring practices. By category, the same factors that created positive or negative perceptions of the work environment matched findings from other international studies conducted in developed countries. The descriptors of the category, however, had different conceptual meanings that illustrate the health system challenges in Mexico. Conclusions Findings from this study suggest that studies that seek to measure nursing work environments will most likely apply in Mexico and other Latin American or middle-income countries. Instruments designed to measure the work environment of nurses in these countries may prove relevant in those contexts, but require careful adaptation and systematic translations to ensure it. PMID:22386989

Squires, Allison; Juarez, Adrian

2012-01-01

123

The motivations-attributes-skills-knowledge competency cluster validation model an empirical study  

E-print Network

This empirical research study had two main purposes with regard to competency cluster validation. First, this empirical research study was focused upon finding the gaps in the literature that existed pertaining to the Motivations...

Stevens, Jeffery Allen

2004-09-30

124

Staff's perception of abuse in healthcare: a Swedish qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objective The study aim was to apprehend staff's perception of abuse in healthcare (AHC) after an intervention based on ‘Forum Play’, and make comparisons to preintervention interviews and interviews with male and female patients. AHC can be described as a failing encounter from the patient's perspective. Design Qualitative interview follow-up study. Setting A Swedish Women's Clinic. Participants In a preintervention study 21 staff members were interviewed. Eligible for the follow-up study were 14 informants who had participated in the intervention. Four declined participation leaving ten informants for this study. Intervention During January 2008–January 2009, all staff members (N=136) were invited to participate in Forum Play workshops. Seventy-four participants took part in at least 1 of the 17 half-day workshops. Primary outcome measures Staffs perception of AHC. Results The core category, ‘a summoning stone in the shoe’, was constructed of five categories: ‘Dehumanising the patient’, ‘Unacceptable: you are bound to act!’, ‘Ubiquitous’, ‘Unintentional’ and ‘Relative’. Forum Play had demonstrated possibilities to act even in seemingly ‘impossible’ situations, and that the taboo status of AHC was altered at the clinic. When our results were compared to those in the preintervention study, we found an increased awareness about AHC, more concrete examples of AHC, a stronger empathy for patients, and fewer explanations, justifications and trivialisations of AHC. Conclusion In this follow-up study staff's perception of AHC was closer to the patient's perspective. Compared to the preintervention interviews staff showed a greater willingness not only to acknowledge AHC, but also to take on a responsibility to act in order to stop or prevent AHC. Explanations for this stance could be that Forum Play had showed staff that there were possibilities to act, and that the taboo status of AHC had been broken at the clinic. PMID:23015598

Swahnberg, Katarina; Wijma, Barbro

2012-01-01

125

Newsmaking on drugs: a qualitative study with journalism professionals.  

PubMed

Drugs are a frequent subject in the news media. Despite the existence of an important dynamic interplay between the print media, public opinion, and public policies, studies on these relationships are still scarce regarding the drug issue. The objective of this study is to understand the newsmaking process regarding drugs from the vantage point of Brazilian journalism professionals. Using qualitative research, semistructured interviews were conducted among an intentional sample of 22 professionals who write news stories and articles about drugs in nationwide news media. Interviewees mentioned illegality and crime as the main factors leading to the production of stories and articles. They claimed that by instilling fear among readers, newspapers and magazines tend to increase their audiences and/or sales. Most interviewees considered the coverage of drugs in Brazil as weak. Main problems reported include lack of knowledge on the subject, and not enough time to prepare the stories. It was concluded that the newsmaking process regarding drugs undergoes a series of interferences that compromise the content of the stories, therefore social strategies are needed in order to improve the quality of the material published in Brazil. PMID:19004421

Mastroianni, Fabio C; Noto, Ana Regina

2008-09-01

126

Key stakeholders' perspectives towards childhood obesity treatment: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Over the past three decades, there has been a dramatic global increase in childhood obesity. A better understanding of stakeholders' perceptions of intervention requirements could contribute to developing more effective interventions for childhood obesity. This study provides a qualitative, in-depth, analysis of stakeholders' (children, parents and health professionals) perspectives toward the efficacy of childhood obesity treatment interventions. Twenty-six stakeholders were recruited using purposive sampling; semi-structured interviews were adopted to explore stakeholders' perceptions with data analysed using a framework approach. Stakeholders concurred that treatment should be family-based incorporating physical activity, nutrition and psychological components, and be delivered in familiar environments to recipients. However, incongruence existed between stakeholders towards the sustainability of obesity treatment interventions. Parents and children reported needing ongoing support to sustain behavioural changes made during treatment, while health professionals suggested interventions should aim to create autonomous individuals who exit treatment and independently sustain behaviour change. This study provides an insight into issues of stakeholder involvement in the obesity intervention design and delivery process. To promote long-term behaviour change, there needs to be increased congruence between the delivery and receipt of childhood obesity treatment interventions. Interventions need to incorporate strategies that promote autonomous and self-regulated motivation, to enhance families' confidence in sustaining behaviour change independent of health professional support. PMID:21917596

Staniford, Leanne Jane; Breckon, Jeff David; Copeland, Robert James; Hutchison, Andrew

2011-09-01

127

Difficulties in Balint groups: a qualitative study of leaders' experiences  

PubMed Central

Background Balint groups (BGs) are a means of enhancing competence in the physician–patient relationship and are also regarded as beneficial for GPs' mental health. However, voluntary BGs are still few, some members terminate their participation, and problems are reported in obligatory groups in residency programmes. This raises questions about possible negative aspects of BGs. Aim To examine difficulties in BGs as experienced by BG leaders. Design of study Qualitative study using interviews. Setting Eight BG leaders from five countries were interviewed. Method The interviews focused on the informants' experiences of difficulties in their groups and were analysed with a systematic text-condensation method. Results Three categories of difficulties emerged from the analysis: 1) the individual physician having needs, vulnerabilities, and defences; 2) the group (including the leader) having problems of hidden agendas, rivalries, and frames; and 3) the surrounding environment defining the conditions of the group. BGs were found to fit into modern theories of small groups as complex systems. They are submitted to group dynamics that are sometimes malicious, and are exposed to often tough environmental conditions. Conclusion Professionally conducted BGs seem to be a gentle, efficient method to train physicians, but with limitations. Participation of a member demands psychological stability and an open mind. BGs need support from the leadership of healthcare organisations in order to exist. PMID:21062547

Kjeldmand, Dorte; Holmstrom, Inger

2010-01-01

128

Exploring how IBCLCs manage ethical dilemmas: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Professional health care practice should be based on ethical decisions and actions. When there are competing ethical standards or principles, one must choose between two or more competing options. This study explores ethical dilemmas experienced by International Board Certified Lactation Consultants. Methods The investigator interviewed seven International Board Certified Lactation Consultants and analyzed the interviews using qualitative research methods. Results "Staying Mother-Centred" emerged as the overall theme. It encompassed six categories that emerged as steps in managing ethical dilemmas: 1) recognizing the dilemma; 2) identifying context; 3) determining choices; 4) strategies used; 5) results and choices the mother made; and 6) follow-up. The category, "Strategies used", was further analyzed and six sub-themes emerged: building trust; diffusing situations; empowering mothers; finding balance; providing information; and setting priorities. Conclusions This study provides a framework for understanding how International Board Certified Lactation Consultants manage ethical dilemmas. Although the details of their stories changed, the essence of the experience remained quite constant with the participants making choices and acting to support the mothers. The framework could be the used for further research or to develop tools to support IBCLCs as they manage ethical dilemmas and to strengthen the profession with a firm ethics foundation. PMID:22824376

2012-01-01

129

Teachers' perceptions of aspects affecting seminar learning: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Many medical schools have embraced small group learning methods in their undergraduate curricula. Given increasing financial constraints on universities, active learning groups like seminars (with 25 students a group) are gaining popularity. To enhance the understanding of seminar learning and to determine how seminar learning can be optimised it is important to investigate stakeholders’ views. In this study, we qualitatively explored the views of teachers on aspects affecting seminar learning. Methods Twenty-four teachers with experience in facilitating seminars in a three-year bachelor curriculum participated in semi-structured focus group interviews. Three focus groups met twice with an interval of two weeks led by one moderator. Sessions were audio taped, transcribed verbatim and independently coded by two researchers using thematic analysis. An iterative process of data reduction resulted in emerging aspects that influence seminar learning. Results Teachers identified seven key aspects affecting seminar learning: the seminar teacher, students, preparation, group functioning, seminar goals and content, course coherence and schedule and facilities. Important components of these aspects were: the teachers’ role in developing seminars (‘ownership’), the amount and quality of preparation materials, a non-threatening learning climate, continuity of group composition, suitability of subjects for seminar teaching, the number and quality of seminar questions, and alignment of different course activities. Conclusions The results of this study contribute to the unravelling of the ‘the black box’ of seminar learning. Suggestions for ways to optimise active learning in seminars are made regarding curriculum development, seminar content, quality assurance and faculty development. PMID:23399475

2013-01-01

130

Clinical trial participants' experiences of completing questionnaires: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To improve clinical study developments for elderly populations, we aim to understand how they transfer their experiences into validated, standardised self-completed study measurement instruments. We analysed how women (mean 78±8?years of age) participating in a randomised controlled trial (RCT) cognised study instruments used to evaluate outcomes of the intervention. Setting The interview study was nested in an RCT on chronic neck pain using common measurement instruments situated in an elderly community in Berlin, Germany, which comprised of units for independent and assisted-living options. Participants The sample (n=20 women) was selected from the RCT sample (n=117, 95% women, mean age 76 (SD±8)?years). Interview participants were selected using a purposive sampling list based on the RCT outcomes. Outcomes We asked participants about their experiences completing the RCT questionnaires. Interviews were analysed thematically, then compared with the questionnaires. Results Interviewees had difficulties in translating complex experiences into a single value on a scale and understanding the relationship of the questionnaires to study aims. Interviewees considered important for the trial that their actual experiences were understood by trial organisers. This information was not transferrable by means of the questionnaires. To rectify these difficulties, interviewees used strategies such as adding notes, adding response categories or skipping an item. Conclusions Elderly interview participants understood the importance of completing questionnaires for trial success. This led to strategies of completing the questionnaires that resulted in ‘missing’ or ambiguous data. To improve data collection in elderly populations, educational materials addressing the differential logics should be developed and tested. Pilot testing validated instruments using cognitive interviews may be particularly important in such populations. Finally, when the target of an intervention is a subjective experience, it seems important to create a method by which participants can convey their personal experiences. These could be nested qualitative studies. Trial registration number ISRCTN77108101807. PMID:24662446

Holmberg, Christine; Karner, Julia J; Rappenecker, Julia; Witt, Claudia M

2014-01-01

131

Local, national and imported foods: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

The UK government is currently attempting to encourage consumers to buy more locally produced food. It is hoped that this will provide economic, environmental and social benefits to local areas, leading to more sustainable patterns of consumption. This qualitative study looks at the views and behaviour of consumers towards local foods with a particular focus on the barriers that prevent greater uptake of local produce. In total, four focus groups (n=33) were conducted. Content analysis identified six relevant themes in relation to local, national and imported foods. These were cost, lifestyle, food quality, consumer ethnocentrism, choice and farmers. Overall, although participants reported buying few local products currently, there was widespread enthusiasm across socio-economic groups for local foods, with participants perceiving them as being of a higher quality than imported foods. They also generally endorsed the idea of supporting local farmers and their own national economy. The main barriers preventing participants from buying more local products were price and inconvenience. The results are discussed in relation to developing future strategies for encouraging people to buy more local food products. PMID:17368868

Chambers, Stephanie; Lobb, Alexandra; Butler, Laurie; Harvey, Kate; Traill, W Bruce

2007-07-01

132

Identifying early indicators in bipolar disorder: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

The identification of early markers has become a focus for early intervention in bipolar disorder. Using a retrospective, qualitative methodology, the present study compares the early experiences of participants with bipolar disorder to those with unipolar depression up until their first diagnosed episode. The study focuses on differences in early home and school environments as well as putative differences in personality characteristics between the two groups. Finally we a compare and contrast prodromal symptoms in these two populations. Thirty-nine participants, 20 diagnosed with unipolar depression and 19 diagnosed with bipolar disorder, took part in the study. A semi-structured interview was developed to elicit information about participants' experiences prior to their first episode. Participants with bipolar disorder reported disruptive home environments, driven personality features, greater emotion dysregulation and adverse experiences during the school years, whereas participants with depression tended to describe more supportive home environments, and more compliant and introvert personality traits. Retrospective data collection and no corroborative evidence from other family members. No distinction was made between bipolar I and bipolar II disorder nor between melancholic and non-melancholic depression in the sample. Finally the study spanned over a 12-month period which does not allow for the possibility of diagnostic reassignment of some of the bipolar participants to the unipolar condition. These findings indicate that there may be benefits in combining both proximal and distal indicators in identifying a bipolar disorder phenotype which, in turn, may be relevant to the development of early intervention programs for young people with bipolar disorder. PMID:24174009

Benti, Liliane; Manicavasagar, Vijaya; Proudfoot, Judy; Parker, Gordon

2014-06-01

133

Clinicians' experiences of becoming a clinical manager: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background There has been an increased interest in recruiting health professionals with a clinical background to management positions in health care. We know little about the factors that influence individuals’ decisions to engage in management. The aim of this study is to explore clinicians’ journeys towards management positions in hospitals, in order to identify potential drivers and barriers to management recruitment and development. Methods We did a qualitative study which included in-depth interviews with 30 clinicians in middle and first-line management positions in Norwegian hospitals. In addition, participant observation was conducted with 20 of the participants. The informants were recruited from medical and surgical departments, and most had professional backgrounds as medical doctors or nurses. Interviews were analyzed by systemic text condensation. Results We found that there were three phases in clinicians’ journey into management; the development of leadership awareness, taking on the manager role and the experience of entering management. Participants’ experiences suggest that there are different journeys into management, in which both external and internal pressure emerged as a recurrent theme. They had not anticipated a career in clinical management, and experienced that they had been persuaded to take the position. Being thrown into the position, without being sufficiently prepared for the task, was a common experience among participants. Being left to themselves, they had to learn management “on the fly”. Some were frustrated in their role due to increasing administrative workloads, without being able to delegate work effectively. Conclusions Path dependency and social pressure seems to influence clinicians’ decisions to enter into management positions. Hospital organizations should formalize pathways into management, in order to identify, attract, and retain the most qualified talents. Top managers should make sure that necessary support functions are available locally, especially for early stage clinician managers. PMID:23173953

2012-01-01

134

Hormone therapy after the Women's Health Initiative: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Publication of results from the Women's Health Initiative study in July 2002 was a landmark event in biomedical science related to postmenopausal women. The purpose of this study was to describe the impact of new hormone therapy recommendations on patients' attitudes and decision-making in a primary care practice. Methods A questionnaire including structured and open-ended questions was administered in a family practice office waiting room from August through October 2003. Rationale for taking or not taking hormone therapy was specifically sought. Women 50–70 years old attending for office visits were invited to participate. Data were analyzed qualitatively and with descriptive statistics. Chart review provided medication use rates for the entire practice cohort of which the sample was a subset. Results Respondents (n = 127) were predominantly white and well educated, and were taking hormone therapy at a higher rate (38%) than the overall rate (26%) for women of the same age range in this practice. Belief patterns about hormone therapy were, in order of frequency, 'use is risky', 'vindication or prior beliefs', 'benefit to me outweighs risk', and 'unaware of new recommendations'. Twenty-eight out of 78 women continued hormones use after July 2002. Of 50 women who initially stopped hormone therapy after July 2002, 12 resumed use. Women who had stopped hormone therapy were a highly symptomatic group. Responses with emotional overtones such as worry, confusion, anger, and grief were common. Conclusion Strategies for decision support about hormone therapy should explicitly take into account women's preferences about symptom relief and the trade-offs among relevant risks. Some women may need emotional support during transitions in hormone therapy use. PMID:17059606

French, Linda M; Smith, Mindy A; Holtrop, Jodi S; Holmes-Rovner, Margaret

2006-01-01

135

A qualitative study of college students' conceptions of rivers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explored two research questions: (1) What are college students' conceptions of river topics and (2) What are the emergent patterns between students' conceptions and their gender and ethnicity? A basic interpretive qualitative research design was used. Purposeful sampling was used to recruit 24 college students from an introductory geology class. In-depth interviews were conducted and a demographic questionnaire administered. Interview responses were analyzed using a modified version of constant comparative analysis. Between-gender patterns and between-ethnic group patterns of the type of conceptions held were investigated by calculating relative likelihood statistics. Four findings emerged. Finding 1: students held mostly scientific and incomplete scientific conceptions of the nine river topics covered in the study. Finding 2: students' conceptions were complex. In addition to scientific and alternative conceptions, students also held incomplete scientific, incomplete scientific-alternative, and scientific-alternative conceptions. Individual students held a range of conceptions across the river topics. For each topic, there was a range of conceptions held by students. Finding 3: students had more alternative conceptions for processes, causes, and difficult-to-observe features. Finding 4: patterns were observed between students' conceptions and their gender and ethnicity. Men held scientific, incomplete scientific, and scientific-alternative conceptions more frequently than did women. Women held incomplete scientific-alternative and alternative conceptions more frequently than did men. White students held scientific, incomplete scientific, and scientific-alternative conceptions more frequently than did Hispanic students. Hispanic students held incomplete scientific-alternative and alternative conceptions more frequently than did White students.

Sexton, Julie Marie

136

Health beliefs about bottled water: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background There has been a consistent rise in bottled water consumption over the last decade. Little is known about the health beliefs held by the general public about bottled water as this issue is not addressed by the existing quantitative literature. The purpose of this study was to improve understanding of the public's health beliefs concerning bottled mineral water, and the extent to which these beliefs and other views they hold, influence drinking habits. Methods A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews, with 23 users of the Munrow Sports Centre on the University of Birmingham campus. Results Health beliefs about bottled water could be classified as general or specific beliefs. Most participants believed that bottled water conferred general health benefits but were unsure as to the nature of these. In terms of specific health beliefs, the idea that the minerals in bottled water conferred a health benefit was the most commonly cited. There were concerns over links between the plastic bottle itself and cancer. Participants believed that bottled water has a detrimental effect on the environment. Convenience, cost and taste were influential factors when making decisions as to whether to buy bottled water; health beliefs were unimportant motivating factors. Conclusion The majority of participants believed that bottled water has some health benefits. However, these beliefs played a minor role in determining bottled water consumption and are unlikely to be helpful in explaining recent trends in bottled water consumption if generalised to the UK population. The health beliefs elicited were supported by scientific evidence to varying extents. Most participants did not feel that bottled water conferred significant, if any, health benefits over tap water. PMID:19545357

Ward, Lorna A; Cain, Owen L; Mullally, Ryan A; Holliday, Kathryn S; Wernham, Aaron GH; Baillie, Paul D; Greenfield, Sheila M

2009-01-01

137

Mothers' Response to Psychological Birth Trauma: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background Psychologically traumatic events can affect anybody, but consequences of psychological birth trauma for the mother are very profound, extensive and unforgettable. Furthermore, the mother’s response not only touches the mother, but also affects the child, the father and the society. The objective of this study was to explore the mothers’ response to psychological birth trauma. Objectives Psychological birth trauma is a complex matter as the length of a women`s life and mother`s responds can be present through different psychological and physical ways. In this regard, the mothers suffer from its consequences, but they do not know what is going on? Mothers are getting worse every day by “the silent effects of the psychological phenomena”. Materials & Methods This qualitative study was conducted on 23 mothers with psychological birth trauma experience, who were recruited from health centers of the capital and one of the metropolises of Iran. Their interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed by the content analysis method. Results Three themes were extracted from the data: impact on health, changes in mother`s roles, and changes decision making ability. Several categories and sub-categories also emerged from the data (physical and psychological problems, bonding with the child, relationship with husband, social role, cesarean request and psychological inability to have another child). Conclusions By considering the mothers` responses to traumatic labor, which endangers the health of the child as well as that of the mother and impairs their familial and social relationships, midwives should notice the consequences of psychological birth trauma in order to plan supportive and timely interventions. PMID:24693361

Taghizadeh, Ziba; Irajpour, Alireza; Arbabi, Mohammad

2013-01-01

138

Empirical Studies in Discourse Marilyn A. Walker \\Lambda & Johanna D. Moore y  

E-print Network

and interpretation. Section 2 gives a general overview of empirical studies in discourse and describes an empiricalEmpirical Studies in Discourse Marilyn A. Walker \\Lambda & Johanna D. Moore y 1. Introduction Computationaltheories of discourse are concerned with the context�based interpretation or generation of discourse

Moore, Johanna D.

139

SNSs usage among Chinese internet users: an empirical study.  

PubMed

Renren and Kaixin, which are Chinese versions of "Facebook", are the main Social Network Sites (SNSs) in China. Although many researchers have been exploring SNSs usage and have gained rich results, there are limited studies for the understanding of SNSs usage in China. In this present study, with 777 Chinese participants, we test variables influencing Chinese SNSs usage based on the technology acceptance model (TAM). Using structural equation modeling techniques, the empirical results confirm that the perceived ease of use significantly determines the perceived usefulness, which in turn influences SNSs use intensity. Meanwhile, the Internet self-efficacy could affect perceived ease of use and further determine SNSs use intensity indirectly. Overall, our results could be used to describe and predict SNSs usage among Chinese Internet users. PMID:20543288

Shi, Junqi; Niu, Qikun

2010-01-01

140

Hospital information system utilization in iran: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Hospital information system (HIS) should ideally allow different forms of data to be stored and used for decision making by clinicians and managers alike. This system has been developed since the early 1980's, and many hospitals gradually converted from an unrelated system into an integrated one. In successful implementation of HIS plans, the role of human factors, either individually or as a group, is expected to be very important and decisive. In this phenomenological qualitative research, in-depth personal interviews were conducted with the hospital's senior managers, and discussions were conducted in six to eight member focus groups. To include participants for interviews, purposive sampling was used in an Iranian hospital among doctors, nurses and other healthcare providers who had experience in using HIS. Data collection continued until saturation stage. The meetings took about 90 to 120 minutes, in which the participants were asked about discovering needs as well as facilitating and inhibiting factors regarding HIS application. Two members of the research team independently analyzed the interview transcripts.  As a result, problems in HIS isolation were reported to be related to the following: software, hardware, manpower, management and training. About the last point, it was stated that adequate continuing professional development programs did not exist for proper use of computers in the hospital. To achieve the ultimate goal of HISs (e.g. increasing patient satisfaction and decreasing hospital costs), it is necessary to create basic changes in the training system, and to get feedback from hospital personnel. Other steps include addressing software and hardware shortcomings as well as moving towards reinforcing the facilitating factors and refraining from inhibiting ones discovered in this study. PMID:25415820

Abbasi Moghadam, Mohammad Ali; Fayaz Bakhsh, Ahmad

2014-11-01

141

Conflict among Iranian hospital nurses: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background This study aims to explore the experience of conflict as perceived by Iranian hospital nurses in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. Although conflict-control approaches have been extensively researched throughout the world, no research-based data are available on the perception of conflict and effective resolutions among hospital nurses in Iran. Methods A qualitative research approach was used to explore how Iranian hospital nurses perceive and resolve conflicts at work. A purposive sample of 30 hospital nurses and nurse managers was selected to obtain data by means of in-depth semi structured interviews. Data were analysed by means of the content analysis method. Results The emerging themes were: (1) the nurses' perceptions and reactions to conflict; (2) organizational structure; (3) hospital management style; (4) the nature and conditions of job assignment; (5) individual characteristics; (6) mutual understanding and interaction; and (7) the consequences of conflict. The first six themes describe the sources of the conflict as well as strategies to manage them. Conclusion How nurses perceive conflict influences how they react to it. Sources of conflict are embedded in the characteristics of nurses and the nursing system, but at the same time these characteristics can be seen as strategies to resolve conflict. We found mutual understanding and interaction to be the main factor able to prevent and resolve conflict effectively. We therefore recommend that nurses and nurse managers encourage any virtues and activities that increase such understanding and interaction. Finally, as conflict can destroy individual nurses as well as the nursing system, we must act to control it effectively. PMID:19302706

Dehghan Nayeri, Nahid; Negarandeh, Reza

2009-01-01

142

Why are breastfeeding rates low in Lebanon? a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Breastfeeding is a cost-effective public health intervention that reduces infant morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In Lebanon, breastfeeding exclusivity and continuation rates are disappointingly low. This qualitative study aims at identifying barriers and promoters of breastfeeding in the Lebanese context by exploring mothers' perceptions and experiences in breastfeeding over a one year period. Methods We conducted focus group discussions in three hospitals in Beirut, Lebanon, and followed up 36 breastfeeding mothers with serial in-depth interviews for one year post-partum or until breastfeeding discontinuation. Results Themes generated from baseline interviews revealed several positive and negative perceptions of breastfeeding. Longitudinal follow up identified insufficient milk, fear of weight gain or breast sagging, pain, sleep deprivation, exhaustion, or maternal employment, as reasons for early breastfeeding discontinuation. Women who continued breastfeeding for one year were more determined to succeed and overcome any barrier, relying mostly on family support and proper time management. Conclusions Increasing awareness of future mothers about breast feeding difficulties, its benefits to children, mothers, and society at large may further promote breastfeeding, and improve exclusivity and continuation rates in Lebanon. A national strategy for early intervention during school years to increase young women's awareness may improve their self-confidence and determination to succeed in breastfeeding later. Moreover, prolonging maternity leave, having day-care facilities at work, creation of lactation peer support groups and hotlines, and training of doctors and nurses in proper lactation support may positively impact breastfeeding exclusivity and continuation rates. Further research is needed to assess the effectiveness of proposed interventions in the Lebanese context. PMID:21878101

2011-01-01

143

A Qualitative Study of Faculty Members' Views of Women Chairs  

PubMed Central

Abstract Background Concurrent with the evolving role of the department chair in academic medicine is the entry of women physicians into chair positions. Because implicit biases that stereotypically masculine behaviors are required for effective leadership remain strong, examining faculty members' perceptions of their chair's leadership in medical school departments with women chairs can provide insight into the views of women leaders in academic medicine and the complex ways in which gender may impact these chairs' leadership style and actions. Methods We conducted semistructured interviews with 13 male and 15 female faculty members representing all faculty tracks in three clinical departments chaired by women. Inductive, qualitative analysis of the subsequent text allowed themes to emerge across interviews. Results Four themes emerged regarding departmental leadership. One dealt with the leadership of the previous chair. The other three described the current chair's characteristics (tough, direct, and transparent), her use of communal actions to help support and mentor her faculty, and her ability to build power through consensus. Because all three chairs were early in their tenure, a wait and see attitude was frequently expressed. Faculty generally viewed having a woman chair as an indication of positive change, with potential individual and institutional advantages. Conclusions This exploratory study suggests that the culture of academic medicine has moved beyond questioning women physicians' competence to lead once they are in top organizational leadership positions. The findings are also consonant with experimental research indicating that women leaders are most successful when they pair stereotypic male (agentic) behaviors with stereotypic female (communal) behaviors. All three chairs exhibited features of a transformational leadership style and characteristics deemed essential for effective leadership in academic medicine. PMID:20156081

Isaac, Carol; Griffin, Lindsay

2010-01-01

144

Women's experiences following severe perineal trauma: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Literature reports that the psychological impact for women following severe perineal trauma is extensive and complex, however there is a paucity of research reporting on women’s experience and perspective of how they are cared for during this time. The aim of this study was to explore how women experience and make meaning of living with severe perineal trauma. Methods A qualitative interpretive approach using a feminist perspective guided data collection and analysis. Data were collected through semi-structured face to face interviews with twelve women in Sydney, Australia, who had experienced severe perineal trauma during vaginal birth. Thematic analysis was used to analyse the data. Results Three main themes were identified: The Abandoned Mother describes how women feel vulnerable, exposed and disempowered throughout the labour and birth, suturing, and postpartum period and how these feelings are a direct result of the actions of their health care providers. The Fractured Fairytale explores the disconnect between the expectations and reality of the birth experience and immediate postpartum period for women, and how this reality impacts upon their ability to mother their newborn child and the sexual relationship they have with their partner. A Completely Different Normal discusses the emotional pathway women travel as they work to rediscover and redefine a new sense of self following severe perineal trauma. Conclusion How women are cared for during their labour, birth and postnatal period has a direct impact on how they process, understand and rediscover a new sense of self following severe perineal trauma. Women who experience severe perineal trauma and associated postnatal morbidities undergo a transition as their maternal body boundaries shift, and the trauma to their perineum results in an extended physical opening whereby the internal becomes external, and that creates a continual shift between self and other. PMID:24559056

2014-01-01

145

Stories from Frequent Attenders: A Qualitative Study in Primary Care  

PubMed Central

PURPOSE Patients who make frequent office visits (frequent attenders) in primary care are often considered a major burden on resources, yet we know little about their perceptions and expectations. We wanted to explore how these patients viewed their rates of consultation, what they expected from the consultation, and how they perceived their relationship with the primary health care team. METHODS Using a qualitative study design, we undertook in-depth semi-structured interviews with frequent attenders at 4 primary care practices of the Mersey Primary Care R&D Consortium in the North West of England. Participants were identified on the basis of office visits at least twice the mean standardized rate for 1 year and a medical assessment that these visits had no important clinical outcome. Interviews with 30 patients aged 24 to 81 years (18 men) were audiotaped and transcribed, and the text was methodically coded; data were analyzed by generating common themes. RESULTS Participants were unable or unwilling to quantify their consultation rates. Despite the assertion by many participants that family doctors are caring, authority figures, there was an underlying tension between such perceptions and the apparent medical mismanagement of symptoms. Their expectations of the consultation were complex and included the presentation of old and new symptoms implicitly embedded within an illness framework. Gaining access to family doctors was generally perceived as problematic. CONCLUSION The criteria held by family doctors and researchers regarding the appropriate rate of consultations in primary care may not be shared by patients who attend frequently. Such patients require family doctors to acknowledge their symptoms and to provide reassurance PMID:16046564

Hodgson, Paula; Smith, Patricia; Brown, Trish; Dowrick, Christopher

2005-01-01

146

A Qualitative Study of Judgments in Race Discrimination Employment Cases  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative methods were used with the aim of identifying any persistent patterns in the written judgments of British employment tribunal cases involving claims of race discrimination that might explain why these claims are relatively unlikely to succeed. The main factors at work appeared to be credibility of the parties and whether the claimant had enough evidence to pass the burden

ALISON BROWN; ANGUS ERSKINE

2009-01-01

147

A Quantitative and Qualitative Study of Students' Vocabularies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group test and individual interviews were used to investigate quantitative and qualitative aspects of students' vocabularies. Subjects for the group test were 144 high-, middle-, and low-ability fourth and sixth graders. Subjects for the interviews were eight high- and low-ability third and fifth graders. The group test consisted of two forms of…

Graves, Michael F.

148

Opportunity NYC--Family Rewards: Qualitative Study of Family Communication  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Aimed at low-income families in six of New York City's highest-poverty communities, the Family Rewards program ties cash rewards to a pre-specified set of activities. This paper presents the qualitative findings from interviews with 77 families. It examines how families incorporated the program into their households, and specifically the…

Fraker, Carolyn A.; Greenberg, David

2011-01-01

149

Moral Responsiveness and Discontinuity in Therapy: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Phenomenological qualitative methods were used to identify and describe moral elements in therapeutic relationships. Using the relational philosophy of E. Levinas (1961/1969, 1979/1987) as a base, data in which therapists and clients identified and described morally responsive experiences in therapy sessions were analyzed. These moments were often…

Whiting, Jason B.; Nebeker, R. Scott; Fife, Stephen T.

2005-01-01

150

Family therapy sessions with refugee families; a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Due to the armed conflicts in the Balkans in the 1990s many families escaped to other countries. The main goal of this study was to explore in more detail the complexity of various family members’ experiences and perceptions from their life before the war, during the war and the escape, and during their new life in Sweden. There is insufficient knowledge of refugee families’ perceptions, experiences and needs, and especially of the complexity of family perspectives and family systems. This study focused on three families from Bosnia and Herzegovina who came to Sweden and were granted permanent residence permits. The families had at least one child between 5 and 12 years old. Method Family therapy sessions were videotaped and verbatim transcriptions were made. Nine family therapy sessions were analysed using a qualitative method with directed content analysis. Results Three main categories and ten subcategories were found - 1. Everyday life at home, with two subcategories: The family, Work and School/preschool; 2. The influence of war on everyday life, with three subcategories: The war, The escape, Reflections; 3. The new life, with five subcategories: Employment, Health, Relatives and friends, Limited future, Transition to the new life. Conclusions Health care and social welfare professionals need to find out what kind of lives refugee families have lived before coming to a new country, in order to determine individual needs of support. In this study the families had lived ordinary lives in their country of origin, and after experiencing a war situation they escaped to a new country and started a new life. They had thoughts of a limited future but also hopes of getting jobs and taking care of themselves and their families. When analysing each person’s point of view one must seek an all-embracing picture of a family and its complexity to tie together the family narrative. To offer refugee families meetings with family-oriented professionals to provide the opportunity to create a family narrative is recommended for the health and social welfare sector. Using this knowledge by emphasizing the salutogenic perspectives facilitates support to refugee families and individuals. This kind of support can help refugee families to adapt to a new system of society and recapture a sense of coherence, including all three components that lead to coherence: comprehensibility, manageability and meaningfulness. More studies are needed to further investigate the thoughts, experiences and needs of various refugee families and how refugee receiving societies can give the most effective support. PMID:23537380

2013-01-01

151

Empirical study of the tails of mutual fund size  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mutual fund industry manages about a quarter of the assets in the U.S. stock market and thus plays an important role in the U.S. economy. The question of how much control is concentrated in the hands of the largest players is best quantitatively discussed in terms of the tail behavior of the mutual fund size distribution. We study the distribution empirically and show that the tail is much better described by a log-normal than a power law, indicating less concentration than, for example, personal income. The results are highly statistically significant and are consistent across fifteen years. This contradicts a recent theory concerning the origin of the power law tails of the trading volume distribution. Based on the analysis in a companion paper, the log-normality is to be expected, and indicates that the distribution of mutual funds remains perpetually out of equilibrium.

Schwarzkopf, Yonathan; Farmer, J. Doyne

2010-06-01

152

Tomography by iterative convolution - Empirical study and application to interferometry  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

An algorithm for computer tomography has been developed that is applicable to reconstruction from data having incomplete projections because an opaque object blocks some of the probing radiation as it passes through the object field. The algorithm is based on iteration between the object domain and the projection (Radon transform) domain. Reconstructions are computed during each iteration by the well-known convolution method. Although it is demonstrated that this algorithm does not converge, an empirically justified criterion for terminating the iteration when the most accurate estimate has been computed is presented. The algorithm has been studied by using it to reconstruct several different object fields with several different opaque regions. It also has been used to reconstruct aerodynamic density fields from interferometric data recorded in wind tunnel tests.

Vest, C. M.; Prikryl, I.

1984-01-01

153

The Beach Study: An Empirical Analysis of the Distribution of Coastal Property Values  

E-print Network

165 The Beach Study: An Empirical Analysis of the Distribution of Coastal Property Values empirical evidence suggests that coastal properties, and particularly those proximate to a beach, have empirical evidence suggests that coastal properties, and particularly those proximate to a beach, have

Omiecinski, Curtis

154

Pathways through which health influences early retirement: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Due to the aeging of the population, there is a societal need for workers to prolong their working lives. In the Netherlands, many employees still leave the workforce before the official retirement age of 65. Previous quantitative research showed that poor self-perceived health is a risk factor of (non-disability) early retirement. However, little is known on how poor health may lead to early retirement, and why poor health leads to early retirement in some employees, but not in others. Therefore, the present qualitative study aims to identify in which ways health influences early retirement. Methods Face-to-face semi-structured interviews were conducted with 30 employees (60–64 years) who retired before the official retirement age of 65. Participants were selected from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability and Motivation. The interviews were transcribed verbatim, a summary was made including a timeline, and the interviews were open coded. Results In 15 of the 30 persons, health played a role in early retirement. Both poor and good health influenced early retirement. For poor health, four pathways were identified. First, employees felt unable to work at all due to health problems. Second, health problems resulted in a self-perceived (future) decline in the ability to work, and employees chose to retire early. Third, employees with health problems were afraid of a further decline in health, and chose to retire early. Fourth, employees with poor health retired early because they felt pushed out by their employer, although they themselves did not experience a reduced work ability. A good health influenced early retirement, since persons wanted to enjoy life while their health still allowed to do so. The financial opportunity to retire sometimes triggered the influence of poor health on early retirement, and often triggered the influence of good health. Employees and employers barely discussed opportunities to prolong working life. Conclusions Poor and good health influence early retirement via several different pathways. To prolong working life, a dialogue between employers and employees and tailored work-related interventions may be helpful. PMID:23551994

2013-01-01

155

Ethical issues in public health: a qualitative study of public health practice in Scotland  

PubMed Central

Study objective: To identify ethical issues encountered by staff in the development and implementation of public health activities at two sites in Scotland. Design: Qualitative research study involving face to face semi-structured interviews with participants. Setting: A public health directorate in a National Health Service Trust, and a public health demonstration project in child health. Participants: Health promotion specialists, managers, nurses, public health consultants and specialists, researchers, trainees, and other public health staff. Main results: Three main categories of ethical issues were identified: paternalism, responsibilities, and ethical decision making. Consulting with the community and sharing information raised issues of paternalism and honesty. Participants identified multiple and sometimes conflicting responsibilities. Barriers to fulfilling responsibilities included meeting targets, working with partners, and political influences. Defining the limits of responsibilities posed challenges. Participants identified values for ideal decision making, but lack of time often led to a more pragmatic approach. Conclusion: These empirical findings complement and extend existing discussions of public health ethics, emphasising the complex nature of ethical issues in public health. The implications for public health policy and future research are discussed. PMID:15143108

Rogers, W

2004-01-01

156

Cardiovascular medicine at face value: a qualitative pilot study on clinical axiology  

PubMed Central

Introduction Cardiology is characterized by its state-of-the-art biomedical technology and the predominance of Evidence-Based Medicine. This predominance makes it difficult for healthcare professionals to deal with the ethical dilemmas that emerge in this subspecialty. This paper is a first endeavor to empirically investigate the axiological foundations of the healthcare professionals in a cardiology hospital. Our pilot study selected, as the target population, cardiology personnel not only because of their difficult ethical deliberations but also because of the stringent conditions in which they have to make them. Therefore, there is an urgent need to reconsider clinical ethics and Value-Based Medicine. This study proposes a qualitative analysis of the values and the virtues of healthcare professionals in a cardiology hospital in order to establish how the former impact upon the medical and ethical decisions made by the latter. Results We point out the need for strengthening the roles of healthcare personnel as educators and guidance counselors in order to meet the ends of medicine, as well as the need for an ethical discernment that is compatible with our results, namely, that the ethical values developed by healthcare professionals stem from their life history as well as their professional education. Conclusion We establish the kind of actions, communication skills and empathy that are required to build a stronger patient-healthcare professional relationship, which at the same time improves prognosis, treatment efficiency and therapeutic adhesion. PMID:23531271

2013-01-01

157

Evidence-based care: enhancing the rigour of a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Qualitative research methodology is a suitable approach for clinical inquiry into nursing practice, leading to theory development and advancement in clinical practice. Rigour is necessary to enhance the consistency and quality of qualitative research. It is the framework for demonstrating credibility and integrity of the qualitative research process. Methodological decisions regarding rigour can have implications for the quality, integrity and interpretability of the findings. Rigour, therefore, is a principle that should be present during all stages of the research study, from its inception to the writing of the final report. For qualitative researchers, reaching the desired goal and meeting the requirements of rigour become particularly problematic due to the considerable debate about what it means to do valid research in the field of qualitative inquiry. This article outlines methods that can be used to maintain rigour in a qualitative study, including member-checking, peer debriefing, audit trail and reflexivity. PMID:19043334

McBrien, Barry

158

Social Learning in Animals: Empirical Studies and Theoretical Models  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This peer-reviewed article from BioScience is about social learning in animals. The last two decades have seen a virtual explosion in empirical research on the role of social interactions in the development of animals' behavioral repertoires, and a similar increase in attention to formal models of social learning. Here we first review recent empirical evidence of social influences on food choice, tool use, patterns of movement, predator avoidance, mate choice, and courtship, and then consider formal models of when animals choose to copy behavior, and which other animals' behavior they copy, together with empirical tests of predictions from those models.

BENNETT G. GALEF JR. and KEVIN N. LALAND (;)

2005-06-01

159

How Commercial Diplomats Work A qualitative study to gain insight into the way commercial diplomats shape  

E-print Network

How Commercial Diplomats Work A qualitative study to gain insight into the way commercial diplomats shape their roles Robin Visser #12;Master Thesis How Commercial Diplomats Work A qualitative study to gain insight into the way commercial diplomats shape their roles University of Twente School

Vellekoop, Michel

160

A Qualitative Study of Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disabilities under NCLB  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to find out if No Child Left Behind (NCLB) has affected the academic achievement rates of students with emotional and behavioral disabilities (EBD). This qualitative phenomenological study explored perceptions of both regular education and special education teachers on the achievement rate…

Goodwin, Lisa H.

2011-01-01

161

Interactions among Knowledge, Beliefs, and Goals in Framing a Qualitative Study in Statistics Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the recent past, qualitative research methods have become more prevalent in the field of statistics education. This paper offers thoughts on the process of framing a qualitative study by means of an illustrative example. The decisions that influenced the framing of a study of pre-service teachers' understanding of the concept of statistical…

Groth, Randall E.

2010-01-01

162

The Student Affair Organizational Dissertation: A Bounded Qualitative Meta-Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine dissertations over the past five years that focused on student affairs organizational issues. A bounded qualitative meta-study was used and the methods, theories, and findings of the dissertations were examined. A variety of research methods were used including quantitative, qualitative and mixed designs.…

Banning, James H.; Kuk, Linda

2009-01-01

163

Empirical study of crowd behavior during a real mass event  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of crowd behavior is essential for the safe organization of mass events. However, precise quantitative empirical data are insufficient due to the lack of mass event scenarios suitable for observation. In this paper, crowd behavior during a mass event in which many people go through a door and then pass a bridge is studied by a new method based on a flow field visualization algorithm widely used in fluid experiments. Two important movement phases, laminar flow on a bridge and stop-and-go waves in a bottleneck area, are investigated. The results show that the velocity profile on the bridge is similar to that of fully developed laminar flow in a pipe. Quantitative analysis of the stop-and-go wave in the bottleneck area shows that the dominant fluctuation frequencies are mainly below 0.1 Hz and the peak frequency is around 0.05 Hz the wave propagation speed is about - 0.69 m s-1. The absolute decrease in speed as the wave propagates is also indicated. By a combination of shock wave theory and a fundamental diagram, an analytical model of a shock wave in a crowd is established to theoretically investigate the stop-and-go wave, and the model can be used to explain the measurement results. This study provides a new method and fundamental data for understanding crowd behavior. The results are also expected to be useful for the design of crowd management strategies during mass events.

Zhang, X. L.; Weng, W. G.; Yuan, H. Y.

2012-08-01

164

Clients' experiences of the Boston Psychiatric Rehabilitation Approach: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

The Boston Psychiatric Rehabilitation Approach (BPR) is person-centered and characterized by being based entirely on the individual's unique needs and preferences in the areas of working, learning, social contacts, and living environment. Nevertheless, the person-centered approach is lacking firm evidence regarding outcomes, and empirical studies regarding clients' experiences of this particular model are needed. A qualitative content analysis of 10 transcribed semistructured individual interviews was used to describe and explore clients' experiences of the BPR during an implementation project in Sweden. The findings from the interviews could be summarized in "A sense of being in communion with self and others" theme, consisting of three categories: increased self-understanding, getting new perspectives, and being in a trusting relationship. The results showed that clients do not always recognize nor are able to verbalize their goals before they have been given the possibility to reflect their thoughts in collaboration with a trusted person. The guidelines of the approach are intended to support the clients' ability to participate in decision making regarding their own care. More research about efficacy of different rehabilitation approaches and exploration of fidelity to guidelines of rehabilitation programs are required. PMID:24717265

Jormfeldt, Henrika; Svensson, Bengt; Hansson, Lars; Svedberg, Petra

2014-01-01

165

Nurses' experiences of empowerment in the workplace: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

The purpose of this qualitative research was to explore nurses' experiences of empowerment in acute care hospital settings. Twelve nurses, including chief nurse executives, nursing care coordinators, and staff nurses were interviewed. Transcriptions of the audiotaped interviews were analyzed for emerging themes. Empowerment emerged as a major factor in continuing growth in the practice of professional nursing within a nurturing and caring environment. A major barrier to empowerment was the hospitals' hierarchical, bureaucratic systems. Nurses, working collectively with clients, other health care providers, and legislators, can create caring systems that promote trust, freedom of practice, and quality health care. This work is both the obligation and the challenge of empowerment. PMID:8027870

Backer, B A; Costello-Nickitas, D; Mason-Adler, M

1994-06-01

166

Lessons learned on benchmarking from the international human reliability analysis empirical study.  

SciTech Connect

The International Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) Empirical Study is a comparative benchmark of the prediction of HRA methods to the performance of nuclear power plant crews in a control room simulator. There are a number of unique aspects to the present study that distinguish it from previous HRA benchmarks, most notably the emphasis on a method-to-data comparison instead of a method-to-method comparison. This paper reviews seven lessons learned about HRA benchmarking from conducting the study: (1) the dual purposes of the study afforded by joining another HRA study; (2) the importance of comparing not only quantitative but also qualitative aspects of HRA; (3) consideration of both negative and positive drivers on crew performance; (4) a relatively large sample size of crews; (5) the use of multiple methods and scenarios to provide a well-rounded view of HRA performance; (6) the importance of clearly defined human failure events; and (7) the use of a common comparison language to 'translate' the results of different HRA methods. These seven lessons learned highlight how the present study can serve as a useful template for future benchmarking studies.

Lois, Erasmia (U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC); Forester, John Alan; Dang, Vinh N. (Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen PSI, Switzerland); Boring, Ronald L. (Idaho National Laboratory, Idaho Falls, ID); Bye, Andreas (OECD Halden Reactor Project, Halden, Norway)

2010-04-01

167

Lessons Learned on Benchmarking from the International Human Reliability Analysis Empirical Study  

SciTech Connect

The International Human Reliability Analysis (HRA) Empirical Study is a comparative benchmark of the prediction of HRA methods to the performance of nuclear power plant crews in a control room simulator. There are a number of unique aspects to the present study that distinguish it from previous HRA benchmarks, most notably the emphasis on a method-to-data comparison instead of a method-to-method comparison. This paper reviews seven lessons learned about HRA benchmarking from conducting the study: (1) the dual purposes of the study afforded by joining another HRA study; (2) the importance of comparing not only quantitative but also qualitative aspects of HRA; (3) consideration of both negative and positive drivers on crew performance; (4) a relatively large sample size of crews; (5) the use of multiple methods and scenarios to provide a well-rounded view of HRA performance; (6) the importance of clearly defined human failure events; and (7) the use of a common comparison language to “translate” the results of different HRA methods. These seven lessons learned highlight how the present study can serve as a useful template for future benchmarking studies.

Ronald L. Boring; John A. Forester; Andreas Bye; Vinh N. Dang; Erasmia Lois

2010-06-01

168

Matrix effect studies with empirical formulations in maize saplings.  

PubMed

In X-ray fluorescence, the earlier derived matrix effects from fundamental relations of intensities of analyte/matrix elements with basic atomic and experimental setup parameters and tested on synthetic known samples were found empirically related to analyte/matrix elemental amounts. The present study involves the application of these relations on potassium and calcium macronutrients of maize saplings treated with different fertilizers. The novelty of work involves a determination of an element in the presence of its secondary excitation rather than avoiding the secondary fluorescence. Therefore, the possible utility of this process is in studying the absorption for some intermediate samples in a lot of a category of samples with close Z interfering constituents (just like Ca and K). Once the absorption and enhancement terms are fitted to elemental amounts and fitted coefficients are determined, with the absorption terms from the fit and an enhancer element amount known from its selective excitation, the next iterative elemental amount can be directly evaluated from the relations. PMID:22885818

Bansal, Meenakshi; Deep, Kanan; Mittal, Raj

2012-10-01

169

An empirical study of FORTRAN programs for parallelizing compilers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Some results are reported from an empirical study of program characteristics that are important in parallelizing compiler writers, especially in the area of data dependence analysis and program transformations. The state of the art in data dependence analysis and some parallel execution techniques are examined. The major findings are included. Many subscripts contain symbolic terms with unknown values. A few methods of determining their values at compile time are evaluated. Array references with coupled subscripts appear quite frequently; these subscripts must be handled simultaneously in a dependence test, rather than being handled separately as in current test algorithms. Nonzero coefficients of loop indexes in most subscripts are found to be simple: they are either 1 or -1. This allows an exact real-valued test to be as accurate as an exact integer-valued test for one-dimensional or two-dimensional arrays. Dependencies with uncertain distance are found to be rather common, and one of the main reasons is the frequent appearance of symbolic terms with unknown values.

Shen, Zhiyu; Li, Zhiyuan; Yew, Pen-Chung

1990-01-01

170

Empirical study on assortativity in some collaboration networks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We (and cooperators) have suggested extending the conception collaboration network to some non-social networks, which have structures as sets of completed graphs [1]. In this view of point, we may divide practical networks into four groups: a) social collaboration networks, b) social non-collaboration networks, c) non-social collaboration networks, and d) non-social non-collaboration networks. We have done an empirical study on assortativity in some practical networks, which belong to the four groups. The results show that all the networks of a) and b) groups show positive assortativity, all the networks of d) group show negative assortativity. This is in agreement with the conclusion obtained by Newman [2]. However, for some of the networks belonging to group c), we obtained positive assortativity, but obtained negative one for other networks belonging to the same group. The details will be published elsewhere. Now we are trying to find the difference in the structure properties of these networks, which may be responsible for different sign of assortativity. [1] P-P Zhang, K. Chen et al., to appear on Physica A. [2] M. E. J. Newman, PRE 67, 026126 (2003).

Su, Bei-Bei; Chang, Hui; He, Da-Ren

2006-03-01

171

Olfactory enhanced multimedia applications: perspectives from an empirical study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The increasing demand for multi-modal systems and applications that are highly interactive and multi-sensory in nature has led to the introduction of new media and new user interface devices in multimedia computing. Computer generated smell, also known as olfactory data, is one of such media objects currently generating a lot of interest in the multimedia industry. We are currently focusing our attention on exploring user perception of computer generated smell when combined with other media to enrich their multimedia experience. In this paper, we present the results of an empirical study into users' perception of olfactory enhanced multimedia displays. Results showed that users generally enjoy an enhanced multimedia experience when augmented by olfactory stimuli, and that the presence of such stimuli increases the sense of relevance. Whilst there is a general positive bias towards olfactory enhanced multimedia applications, specific properties of smell such as diffusion and lingering mean that in practice specific attention needs to be given when a mix of smells is associated with visualised multimedia content; moreover, it was found that whilst smell was incorrectly identified in some instances, the presence of smell per se is generally enough to create a richer user multimedia experience.

Ademoye, Oluwakemi A.; Ghinea, Gheorghita

2007-01-01

172

Exploring Perceptions of the Mental Health of Youth in Mexico: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited information is available regarding the mental health of children and adolescents in Mexico (Paula, Duarte, & Bordin, 2007). The purpose of this exploratory qualitative study was to examine the construct of mental health of children and adolescents from the emic perspective of key informants in Mexico. Utilizing qualitative methods of…

Wells, Lisa; Varjas, Kris; Cadenhead, Catherine; Morillas, Catalina; Morris, Ashley

2012-01-01

173

Understanding participation in sport and physical activity among children and adults: a review of qualitative studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research may be able to provide an answer as to why adults and children do or do not participate in sport and physical activity. This paper systematically examines published and unpublished qualitative research studies of UK children's and adults' reasons for partici- pation and non-participation in sport and physi- cal activity. The review covers peer reviewed and gray literature

Steven Allender; Gill Cowburn; Charlie Foster

2006-01-01

174

Exploring factors affecting undergraduate medical students’ study strategies in the clinical years: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study is to explore the effects of clinical supervision, and assessment characteristics on the study strategies\\u000a used by undergraduate medical students during their clinical rotations. We conducted a qualitative phenomenological study\\u000a at King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia during the period from\\u000a November 2007 to December 2008. We

Hanan M. F. Al Kadri; Mohamed S. Al-Moamary; Margaret Elzubair; Mohi Eldien Magzoub; Abdulrahman AlMutairi; Christopher Roberts; Cees van der Vleuten

2011-01-01

175

The experience of lying in dementia care: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

This analysis examines the practice of care providers in residential aged care lying to residents with dementia. Qualitative data were collected through multiple methods. Data here represents perceptions from registered and enrolled nurses, personal care assistants, and allied health professionals from five residential aged care facilities located in Queensland, Australia. Care providers in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) lie to residents with dementia. Lying is conceptualized as therapeutic whereby the care provider's intent is to eliminate harm and also control behaviour. Care providers of residents with dementia in RACFs need guidance around lying. An ethical framework cognisant of an ethical theory of good and ethical theory of right supplemented by a theory of virtue is proposed. A complimentary four stage communication strategy that promotes truth telling as a first option while also recommending the lie as a suitable strategy is also promoted. PMID:22140189

Tuckett, Anthony G

2012-01-01

176

Exploring Infection Prevention: Policy Implications From a Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Health care–associated infections (HAIs) are common and costly patient safety problems that are largely preventable. As a result, numerous policy changes have recently taken place including mandatory reporting and lack of reimbursement for HAIs. A qualitative approach was used to obtain dense description and gain insights about the current practice of infection prevention in California. Twenty-three in-depth, semistructured interviews were conducted at six acute care hospitals. Content analysis revealed 4 major interconnected themes: (a) impacts of mandatory reporting; (b) impacts of technology on HAI surveillance; (c) infection preventionists’ role expansion; and (d) impacts of organizational climate. Personnel reported that interdisciplinary collaboration was a major facilitator for implementing effective infection prevention, and organizational climate promoting a shared accountability is urgently needed. Mandatory reporting requirements are having both intended and unintended consequences on HAI prevention. More research is needed to measure the long-term effects of these important changes in policy. PMID:22042614

Uchida, Mayuko; Stone, Patricia W.; Conway, Laurie J.; Pogorzelska, Monika; Larson, Elaine L.; Raveis, Victoria H.

2011-01-01

177

Social Health Status in Iran: An Empirical Study  

PubMed Central

Background: As social health is a condition-driven, dynamic and fluid concept, it seems necessary to construct and obtain a national and relevant concept of it for every society. Providing an empirical back up for Iran’s concept of social health was the aim of the present study. Methods: This study is an ecologic study in which available data for 30 provinces of Iran in 2007 were analyzed. In order to prove construct validity and obtain a social health index, an exploratory factor analysis was conducted on six indicators of population growth, willful murder, poverty, unemployment, insurance coverage and literacy. Results: Following the factor analysis, two factors of Diathesis (made up of high population growth, poverty, low insurance coverage and illiteracy) and Problem (made up of unemployment and willful murder) were extracted. The diathesis and problem explained 48.6 and 19.6% of social health variance respectively. From provinces, Sistan & Baluchistan had the highest rate of poverty and violence and the lowest rate of literacy and insurance coverage. In terms of social health index, Tehran, Semnan, Isfahan, Bushehr and Mazandaran had the highest ranks while Sistan and Baluchistan, Lurestan, Kohkiloyeh and Kermanshah occupied the lowest ones. Conclusion: There are some differences and similarities between Iranian concept of social health and that of other societies. However, a matter that makes our concept special and different is its attention to population. The increase in literacy rate and insurance coverage along with reduction of poverty, violence and unemployment rates can be the main intervention strategies to improve social health status in Iran. PMID:23515572

AMINI RARANI, Mostafa; RAFIYE, Hassan; KHEDMATI MORASAE, Esmaeil

2013-01-01

178

Young people, alcohol, and designer drinks: quantitative and qualitative study.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To examine the appeal of "designer drinks" to young people. DESIGN: Qualitative and quantitative research comprising group discussions and questionnaire led interviews with young people accompanied by a self completion questionnaire. SETTINGS: Argyll and Clyde Health Board area, west Scotland. SUBJECTS: Eight groups aged 12-17 years; 824 aged 12-17 recruited by multistage cluster probability sample from the community health index. RESULTS: Young people were familiar with designer drinks, especially MD 20/20 and leading brands of strong white cider. Attitudes towards these drinks varied quite distinctly with age, clearly reflecting their attitudes towards and motivations for drinking in general. The brand imagery of designer drinks-in contrast with that of more mainstream drinks-matched many 14 and 15 year olds' perceptions and expectations of drinking. Popularity of designer drinks peaked between the ages of 13 and 16 while more conventional drinks showed a consistent increase in popularity with age. Consumption of designer drinks tended to be in less controlled circumstances and was associated with heavier alcohol intake and greater drunkenness. CONCLUSIONS: Designer drinks are a cause for concern. They appeal to young people, often more so than conventional drinks, and are particularly attractive to 14-16 year olds. Consumption of designer drinks is also associated with drinking in less controlled environments, heavier drinking, and greater drunkenness. There is a need for policy debate to assess the desirability of these drinks and the extent to which further controls on their marketing are required. PMID:9040387

Hughes, K.; MacKintosh, A. M.; Hastings, G.; Wheeler, C.; Watson, J.; Inglis, J.

1997-01-01

179

Qualitative study of employment of physician assistants by physicians  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To explore the experiences and perceptions of Ontario physician assistant (PA) employers about the barriers to and benefits of hiring PAs. Design A qualitative design using semistructured interviews. Setting Rural and urban eastern and southwestern Ontario. Participants Seven family physicians and 7 other specialists. Methods The 14 physicians participated in semistructured interviews, which were audiorecorded and transcribed verbatim. An iterative approach using immersion and crystallization was employed for analysis. Main findings Physician-specific benefits to hiring PAs included increased flexibility, the opportunity to expand practice, the ability to focus more time on complex patients, overall reduction in work hours and stress, and an opportunity for professional fellowship. Physicians who hired PAs without government financial support said PAs were affordable as long as they were able to retain them. Barriers to hiring PAs included uncertainty about funding, the initial need for intensive supervision and training, and a lack of clarity around delegation of acts. Conclusion Physicians are motivated to hire PAs to help deal with long wait times and long hours, but few are expecting to increase their income by taking on PAs. Governments, medical colleges, educators, and regulators must address the perceived barriers to PA hiring in order to expand and optimize this profession. PMID:24235209

Taylor, Maureen T.; Wayne Taylor, D.; Burrows, Kristen; Cunnington, John; Lombardi, Andrea; Liou, Michelle

2013-01-01

180

AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON DECENTRALIZATION AND CORRUPTION (PP 156)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using sub-national government data on 25 countries, we examined how perceived corruption of the government is more generalized (less controlled) in countries with more first level sub- national governments per inhabitant. We also found empirical support to several theories associated with some causes of governmental corruption. That is, countries with short exposure to democracies, non-Protestant followers, with inefficient governments, ineffective

Antonio Lecuna Bueno; Pere Puig Bastard

2007-01-01

181

An Empirical Study on Reliability Modeling for Diverse Software Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reliability and fault correlation are two main concerns for design diversity, yet empirical data are limited in investigating these two. In previ- ous work, we conducted a software project with real-world application for investigation on soft- ware testing and fault tolerance for design diver- sity. Mutants were generated by injecting one sin- gle real fault recorded in the software development

Xia Cai; Michael R. Lyu

2004-01-01

182

The Set Covering Problem Revisited: An Empirical Study of the ...  

E-print Network

this wide interest allows us to review a large body of work from the literature as well as .... and Even is poor (Hall and Vohra, 1993), its empirical performance turns out to be ...... Computational experience with aproximation algorithms for the set.

Birbil

2014-04-12

183

Codependency: An Empirical Study from a Systemic Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

To empirically investigate the construct validity of codependency, differences between young adults on a measure of codependency on theoretically relevant variables were examined. Compared with individuals who scored low on codependency, those who obtained high scores reported significantly more family of origin difficulties and parental mental health problems, problematic intimate relationships including relationships with chemically dependent partners, and personal psychological

James Cullen; Alan Carr

1999-01-01

184

Frameworks for evaluating health research capacity strengthening: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Health research capacity strengthening (RCS) projects are often complex and hard to evaluate. In order to inform health RCS evaluation efforts, we aimed to describe and compare key characteristics of existing health RCS evaluation frameworks: their process of development, purpose, target users, structure, content and coverage of important evaluation issues. A secondary objective was to explore what use had been made of the ESSENCE framework, which attempts to address one such issue: harmonising the evaluation requirements of different funders. Methods We identified and analysed health RCS evaluation frameworks published by seven funding agencies between 2004 and 2012, using a mixed methods approach involving structured qualitative analyses of documents, a stakeholder survey and consultations with key contacts in health RCS funding agencies. Results The frameworks were intended for use predominantly by the organisations themselves, and most were oriented primarily towards funders’ internal organisational performance requirements. The frameworks made limited reference to theories that specifically concern RCS. Generic devices, such as logical frameworks, were typically used to document activities, outputs and outcomes, but with little emphasis on exploring underlying assumptions or contextual constraints. Usage of the ESSENCE framework appeared limited. Conclusions We believe that there is scope for improving frameworks through the incorporation of more accessible information about how to do evaluation in practice; greater involvement of stakeholders, following evaluation capacity building principles; greater emphasis on explaining underlying rationales of frameworks; and structuring frameworks so that they separate generic and project-specific aspects of health RCS evaluation. The third and fourth of these improvements might assist harmonisation. PMID:24330628

2013-01-01

185

Visual Navigation Interface (1) Empirical Study of a 3D Visualization for Information Retrieval Tasks  

E-print Network

Visual Navigation Interface (1) COVER PAGE Empirical Study of a 3D Visualization for Information Navigation Interface (2) Empirical Study of a 3D Visualization for Information Retrieval Tasks Gregory B including choosing between 2D and 3D interfaces, navigation and interaction methods, and selecting

Newby, Gregory B.

186

An Empirical Study of API Usability Marco Piccioni, Carlo A. Furia, and Bertrand Meyer  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study of API Usability Marco Piccioni, Carlo A. Furia, and Bertrand Meyer ETH Zurich Interfaces (APIs). Usability is therefore a funda- mental goal of API design, but rigorous empirical studies of API usability are still relatively uncommon. In this paper, we present the design of an API usability

Meyer, Bertrand

187

INFO4990: Empirical Evaluation A case study in IR and NLP  

E-print Network

INFO4990: Empirical Evaluation A case study in IR and NLP James R. Curran School of Information in IR and NLP INFO4990 14/4/2008 #12;Motivation Metrics Methodology Mistakes 3 Have we solved our there are trade-offs to consider James Curran Empirical Evaluation: A Case study in IR and NLP INFO4990 14

Koprinska, Irena

188

An empirical study of the ISO 9000 standards’ contribution towards total quality management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents the results of an empirical study on the contribution of ISO 9000 standards towards total quality management (TQM). The paper is a continuation of the authors’ research on the ISO 9000 standards effectiveness and capability as an entry key to TQM. The literature review of the above issue revealed the need for a formal empirical study to

Katerina D. Gotzamani; George D. Tsiotras

2001-01-01

189

An Empirical Study on the Comprehension of Stereotyped UML Class Diagram Layouts  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study on the Comprehension of Stereotyped UML Class Diagram Layouts Bonita Sharif@cs.kent.edu, jmaletic@cs.kent.edu Abstract An empirical study is presented that investigates how stereotype based. Along with general aesthetics, the layouts are primarily organized based on the class stereotypes

Maletic, Jonathan I.

190

An Empirical Study of Block Matching Techniques for the Detection of Moving Objects  

E-print Network

of motion detection. We present an empirical study of the block matching techniques using these metricsAn Empirical Study of Block Matching Techniques for the Detection of Moving Objects Nicole S. Love objects. Block matching has been extensively utilized in compression algorithms for motion estimation

Kamath, Chandrika

191

A Taxonomy and an Initial Empirical Study of Bad Smells in Code  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents research in progress, as well as tentative findings related to the empirical study of so called bad code smells. We present a taxonomy that cate- gorizes similar bad smells. We believe the taxonomy makes the smells more understandable and recognizes the relationships between smells. Additionally, we present our initial findings from an empirical study of the use

Mika Mäntylä; Jari Vanhanen; Casper Lassenius

2003-01-01

192

The Effects of Ranging Noise on Multihop Localization: An Empirical Study  

E-print Network

The Effects of Ranging Noise on Multihop Localization: An Empirical Study Kamin Whitehouse, Chris Abstract--This paper presents a study of how empirical ranging characteristics affect multihop localization contribute to the discrepancy. We reveal that both the connectivity and noise components of Noisy Disk fail

Whitehouse, Kamin

193

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve: a Case Study for Qualitative Modeling of Sustainable Development  

E-print Network

The Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve: a Case Study for Qualitative Modeling of Sustainable Development Eugenia Cioaca*, Tim Nuttle**, Bert Bredeweg*** *Danube Delta National Institute, Tulcea, Romania issues in the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBR), Romania, following a standardized methodology

Bailey-Kellogg, Chris

194

International medical graduates in the USA: a qualitative study on perceptions of physician migration  

PubMed Central

Objectives Physician migration from low-income to high-income nations is a global concern. Despite the centrality of understanding the perspectives of international medical graduates (IMGs) who have experienced migration to understanding the causes and consequences of this phenomenon, empirical literature is limited. The authors sought to characterise the experiences of IMGs from limited resource nations currently practicing primary care in the USA, with a focus on their perspectives on physician migration. Design The authors conducted a qualitative study utilising in-depth, in-person interviews and a standardised interview guide. The sample comprised a diverse, purposeful sample of IMGs (n=25) from limited resource nations (defined as having ?2 physicians per 1000 population). Results Analyses revealed four recurrent and unifying themes reflecting the perspectives of IMGs in the USA on physician migration: (1) decisions to migrate were pragmatic decisions made in the context of individual circumstance; (2) the act of migration ultimately affected participants' ability to return home in multiple, unpredictable ways; (3) the ongoing process of acclimation was coupled with inherent conflicts surrounding the decision to remain in the USA; and (4) the effects of policies in both the home country and in the USA occurred at multiple levels. Conclusion The perspectives of IMGs who have migrated to the USA are an important addition to the ongoing discussion surrounding the global health workforce. Our findings highlight the effects of workforce policies which are often developed and discussed in abstraction, but have real, measurable impacts on the lives of individuals. Future efforts to address physician migration will need to acknowledge the immediate needs of the health workforce as well as the long-term needs of individuals within health systems. PMID:22021871

Nunez-Smith, M; Berg, D; Gozu, A; Rulisa, S; Curry, L A

2011-01-01

195

An Empirical Study of Bringing Audience into the Movie  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we first present an audience-participating movie experience DIM, in which the photo-realistic 3D virtual actor of audience is constructed by computer graphic technologies, and then evaluate\\u000a the effects of DIM on audience experience using physiological and subjective methods. The empirical results suggest that the participation of\\u000a virtual actors causes increased subjective sense of presence and engagement, and

Tao Lin; Akinobu Maejima; Shigeo Morishima

2008-01-01

196

Why clinicians do not implement integrated treatment for comorbid substance use disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Healthcare providers working in addiction facilities do not often implement integrated treatment of comorbid substance use disorder (SUD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) while there is empirical evidence to do so. Objective This study aims to get insight into the views of clinicians with regard to the diagnosis and treatment of PTSD in SUD patients. Method A qualitative research method was chosen. Fourteen treatment staff members of different wards of an addiction care facility were interviewed by an independent interviewer. Results Despite acknowledging adverse consequences of trauma exposure on SUD, severe underdiagnosis of PTSD was mentioned and treatment of PTSD during SUD treatment was not supported. Obstacles related to the underestimation of PTSD among SUD patients and to the perceptions of SUD clinicians concerning the treatment of comorbid SUD/PTSD were reported. Conclusions It is concluded that SUD facilities should train their clinicians to enable them to provide for integrated treatment of SUD/PTSD. PMID:24511368

Gielen, Nele; Krumeich, Anja; Havermans, Remco C.; Smeets, Feikje; Jansen, Anita

2014-01-01

197

The Role of Light and Music in Gambling Behaviour: An Empirical Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empirical research examining the situational characteristics of gambling and their effect on gambling behaviour is limited but growing. This experimental pilot investigation reports the first ever empirical study into the combined effects of both music and light on gambling behaviour. While playing an online version of roulette, 56 participants…

Spenwyn, Jenny; Barrett, Doug J. K.; Griffiths, Mark D.

2010-01-01

198

An empirical study of how people establish interaction: implications for CSCW session management models  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we report the results of an empirical study ofhow people, as part of their daily work activities, go about toestablish collaboration. We examine the empirical findings andrelate them to existing research on CSCW session management models,i.e., the mechanisms in CSCW systems that define the way in whichpeople can join together in collaboration. Existing models leave alot to

Steinar Kristoffersen; Fredrik Ljungberg

1999-01-01

199

Price Information Patterns in Web Search Advertising: An Empirical Case Study on Accommodation Industry  

E-print Network

Price Information Patterns in Web Search Advertising: An Empirical Case Study on Accommodation--Unlike advertising in traditional media, web search advertising content can be easily customized with little cost to the accommodation industry to empirically investigate how advertisers customize price information in their web

Pei, Jian

200

Problematic Situations Associated with Dating Experiences and Relationships Among Urban African American Adolescents: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study focused on the identification of problem situations associated with adolescent dating experiences and\\u000a relationships, including those that placed youth at risk for dating violence perpetration or victimization. Interviews were\\u000a conducted with 44 African American middle and high school students in an urban school system. Qualitative analysis identified\\u000a 18 individual themes representing six categories of problem situations: (a)

Terri N. SullivanElizabeth; Elizabeth H. Erwin; Sarah W. Helms; Saba W. Masho; Albert D. Farrell

2010-01-01

201

Employees' Perceptions of Cycle Commuting: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This study aims to provide an in-depth individual level understanding of the psychological factors that affect cycle commuting. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 15 participants (eight cycle commuters and seven potential cycle commuters) from a "cycle-friendly" employer based in a Scottish city took part in the study.…

van Bekkum, Jennifer E.; Williams, Joanne M.; Morris, Paul Graham

2011-01-01

202

Remaining hopeful in early-stage dementia: A qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: Improving the quality of life for people living with dementia is widely accepted as an important outcome in dementia care services. Positive psychology, the systematic study of strengths, capacities, and personal resources, is one framework for understanding how a person with dementia might achieve this. This study investigated the subjective experience of hope–a construct from the discipline of positive

Emma L. Wolverson; Christopher Clarke; Esme Moniz-Cook

2010-01-01

203

Democratic Classroom Management in Higher Education: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine teacher candidates' awareness of the concept of democracy, how they describe this concept, how their perceptions relate to the democratic classroom management process in the faculty of education, and their opinions about the qualifications of faculty members. This research is a descriptive study. This…

Sentürk, Ilknur; Oyman, Nidan

2014-01-01

204

Crossing the Line: A Qualitative Study of Administrative Interns' Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internships serve as the bridge that spans the divide between being a teacher and an administrator. Most research on internships has emphasized the technical aspect of this experience, such as benefits and limitations of internships. The overall impact an internship experience has on an intern has been studied less extensively. This research study

Lehman, Lynn; Quick, Marilynn

2011-01-01

205

Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluation of Social Studies Textbook Content.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A model of social studies textbook analysis and evaluation is developed in this paper and is applied to the analysis and evaluation of the content on Hawaii in selected elementary school social studies textbooks. Innovative methods of content analysis and evaluation of textbook presentations were developed and applied to the subject of Hawaii to…

Suh, Bernadyn K.

206

Legislative Decision-Making on Education Issues: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this descriptive, single case study was to provide knowledge and insight about state education policy-making, specifically, the process by which education-related bills pass through a legislature. This study was also designed to identify factors of influence shaping legislative decision-making as perceived by lawmakers and observers…

Canfield-Davis, Kathy; Jain, Sachin

2010-01-01

207

Factors Influencing the Transition to University Service Mathematics: Part 2--A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study was carried out by the authors into the influence of affective variables, the role of conceptions of mathematics and approaches to learning on students in the transition to service mathematics at the University of Limerick. The study is a follow-up study to an earlier quantitative study. The studies focus on first year Science,…

Liston, Miriam; O'Donoghue, John

2010-01-01

208

A Qualitative Study of Student Responses to Body Painting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article describes a study conducted studying focus groups to determine whether or not medical students found body painting anatomical structures to be an educationally beneficial learning activity. Outcomes discussed surround the following themes that emerged from the data. (1) body painting as a fun learning activity, (2) body painting promoting retention of knowledge, (3) factors contributing to the memorability of body painting, (4) removal from comfort zone, and (5) the impact of body painting on students' future clinical practice.

Gabrielle Finn (Durham University); John McLachlan (Durham University Medicine)

2009-11-16

209

An empirical study on the usefulness of Conallen's stereotypes in Web application comprehension  

E-print Network

An empirical study on the usefulness of Conallen's stereotypes in Web application comprehension extended with Conallen's stereotypes. The research question addressed by this study is whether enriching stan- dard UML diagrams with Web specific stereotypes gives any significant contribution

Di Penta, Massimiliano

210

How People Interpret Healthy Eating: Contributions of Qualitative Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To identify how qualitative research has contributed to understanding the ways people in developed countries interpret healthy eating. Design: Bibliographic database searches identified reports of qualitative, empirical studies published in English, peer-reviewed journals since 1995. Data Analysis: Authors coded, discussed, recoded, and…

Bisogni, Carole A.; Jastran, Margaret; Seligson, Marc; Thompson, Alyssa

2012-01-01

211

Medication Adherence in Older Adults: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To effectively address medication adherence and improve cardiovascular health among older adults, a deeper understanding is needed of the barriers that this age group faces and of approaches that would be most effective and feasible for improving adherence. We conducted a focus group study (n = 25) in a diverse population of older adults with…

Holt, Elizabeth W.; Rung, Ariane L.; Leon, Kyla A.; Firestein, Catherine; Krousel-Wood, Marie

2014-01-01

212

Online Faculty Perceptions on Effective Faculty Mentoring: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When higher education leaders give little thought or offer little mentoring to their faculty members, there is risk of driving faculty members from teaching online and of them having a poor experience in online teaching. Without mentoring support, faculty members may feel disconnected and unsupported. The purpose of the study was to examine the…

Williams, Teresa; Layne, Melissa; Ice, Phil

2014-01-01

213

Spiritual Evolution of Bereavement Counselors: An Exploratory Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws from a phenomenological study on the experience of being a bereavement counselor. Ten bereavement counselors shared their experiences in bereavement counseling. Spiritual and emotional aspects of bereavement counseling with grieving and dying persons are discussed as well as the spiritual effects on and growth processes of the…

Puterbaugh, Dolores T.

2008-01-01

214

Violent Death: A Qualitative Study of Israeli and Palestinian Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to report on how the unexpected and violent death of a civilian family member in Israel and Palestine affected family functioning 3–5 years after the incident. The narrative analysis revealed similarities and differences between the Israeli and Palestinian families on how the death was perceived, on coping strategies, an on how it influenced

Douglas A. Abbott

2009-01-01

215

Women's Access to Higher Education in Tanzania: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to reveal the ways in which first-generation women in Tanzania explained their success in pursuing a university education despite cultural and social obstacles. Such obstacles include social policies, socio-cultural factors, and academic factors. A review of the literature revealed that issues such as patriarchy,…

Johnson, Megan Patricia

2011-01-01

216

Reasons for discharges against medical advice: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThere is limited information in the literature about reasons for discharges against medical advice (DAMA) as supplied by patients and providers. Information about the reasons for DAMA is necessary for identifying workable strategies to reduce the likelihood and health consequences of DAMA. The objective of this study is to identify the reasons for DAMA based on patient and multicategory provider

Eberechukwu Onukwugha; Elijah Saunders; C Daniel Mullins; Françoise G Pradel; Marni Zuckerman; Matthew R Weir

2010-01-01

217

Antisocial behavior in soccer: A qualitative study of moral disengagement  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to examine (a) the moral disengagement mechanisms athletes use when they engage in antisocial behaviors in soccer and (b) whether the frequency of these mechanisms differs depending on the type of behaviors. Participants were 30 soccer players competing at a regional level. During a semi-structured interview, these participants were presented with video clips of their antisocial

Alan Traclet; Philippe Romand; Orlan Moret; Maria Kavussanu

2011-01-01

218

Coping Strategies of Iranian Elderly Women: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Successful aging is a process through which older people actively deal with their age-related changes. This study, as a part of more extensive research, explored and describes coping strategies used by Iranian elderly women in response to age-related changes. Grounded theory was used as method. Nineteen participates were recruited. The…

Bagheri-Nesami, Masoumeh; Rafii, Forough; Oskouie, Seyede Fatemeh H.

2010-01-01

219

Information Literacy in the Workplace: A Qualitative Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although increasingly recognized as a future skills issue, the use of information in the workplace is a little studied area within library and information research. A substantial "pedagogic" literature of learning in the workplace exists, however, and this was critically reviewed to generate a repertoire of issues which could in turn be used to…

Crawford, John; Irving, Christine

2009-01-01

220

Qualitative Methods  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research is broadly defined as a set of interpretative, material practices that make the world visible by turning\\u000a it into a series of representations (e.g., field notes, observations, interview recordings) through the study of things in\\u000a their natural settings (1). In sexually transmitted infection (STI)\\/HIV research, qualitative research is the study of the\\u000a words and the significance of certain

Pamina M. Gorbach; Jerome Galea

221

Problem Definition in Marital and Family Therapy: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes findings from a grounded theory study on the process of constructing problem definitions by marital and family therapists. Coding of the observations and interviews resulted in two meta-problem definition processes. In the first meta-process clinicians kept their definitions internal to themselves during the therapy session. In contrast, the second meta-definition process involved clinicians bringing forth their internal

Peter J. Jankowski; David C. Ivey

2001-01-01

222

Coping Strategies of Iranian Elderly Women: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Successful aging is a process through which older people actively deal with their age-related changes. This study, as a part of more extensive research, explored and describes coping strategies used by Iranian elderly women in response to age-related changes. Grounded theory was used as method. Nineteen participates were recruited. The participants used problem-focused (problem solving, spending leisure time, confrontation) and

Masoumeh Bagheri-Nesami; Forough Rafii; Seyede Fatemeh H. Oskouie

2010-01-01

223

Nursing students' expectations regarding effective clinical education: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

This study aimed to describe the expectations of Bachelor of Science nursing students regarding what constitutes an effective clinical education. In this study, a semistructured interview process was utilized with 17 nursing students studying in sophomore, junior and senior years in training units of hospitals affiliated with Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Content analysis was employed to analyse the data. Data analysis led to identification of three main themes: (i) appropriate communication and interaction between instructors and students; (ii) incorporation of both theory and practice in clinical education, with two subthemes, one being the presence of the instructor as a factor for reducing the gap between theory and practice and the other being evaluation based on appropriate criteria; and (iii) having specialized instructors, with a specific emphasis on the instructor's knowledge and motivation as important factors in learning. The findings reveal the significant role of mentors in providing effective educational and clinical experiences. Therefore, mentors must strive to develop their knowledge and clinical behaviours according to students' needs in clinical settings. PMID:25289734

Esmaeili, Maryam; Cheraghi, Mohammad Ali; Salsali, Mahvash; Ghiyasvandian, Shahrzad

2014-10-01

224

Psychological Problems Derived from Mastectomy: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Advances in treatment of breast cancer have not avoided using mastectomy in all cases, and when this happens, we are dealing with a woman who is suffering from psychological problems. In order to study this issue we have carried out a research with the collaboration of The Andalusian Association of Women with Mastectomies (AMAMA) in Seville, which provided us with a sample of 46 mastectomized women. The objective of this study is to analyze in depth the psychological reaction of women to mastectomy through its different stages from diagnosis to surgical treatment. We chose a cualitative method so as to explore the subjective components of psicologycal respons. As a result, we found in studied women: (a) The “fracture” of the “corporal imaginary” related to the disappearance of a valuable organ, linked to the feeling of loss of personal attractiveness, low self-esteem and avoidance of social relationships. (b) The problem with “femininity” has been linked to the issue of “desirability”, something innate in the “feminine position”. (c) Many of them keep in mind the idea of mutilation, as a “hole” which is impossible to integrate. (d) Finally, we demonstrate how certain features of personality made them especially vulnerable to the explained phenomena. PMID:22312492

Arroyo, Jose Manuel Garcia; Lopez, Maria Luisa Dominguez

2011-01-01

225

Experiences of person-centred care - patients' perceptions: qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Patient care models have been implemented and documented worldwide. Many studies have focused on features that hinder and facilitate the shift to such models, including the implementation process, staff involvement, resistance to new models and cultural dimensions. However, few studies have identified the potential effects of such new care models from a patient perspective. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether patients did in fact perceive the intentions of partnership in the new care model 1 year after its implementation. Methods Sixteen participants were interviewed, selected from two wards in a medical department where a new care model had been implemented 1 year earlier. A directed deductive content analysis was selected. The aim of the directed approach to content analysis was to investigate to what extent the new care model had been implemented, using patients’ perspectives to describe the level of implementation. A coding framework was developed based on a theoretical paper that described the key features of the new care model. Results The implementation of person-centred care had clearly occurred to a large degree, even if some patients appeared not to have been exposed to the model at all. Aspects of the newly implemented care model were obvious; however, it was also clear that implementation was not complete. The analysis showed that patients felt listened to and that their own perception of the situation had been noted. Patients spontaneously expressed that they felt that the staff saw them as persons and did not solely focus on their disease. It was also stated that not every ailment or aspect of a patient’s illness needed to be addressed or resolved for open listening to be perceived as a positive experience. Conclusions The findings indicate that even though some patients were not interested in participating and playing an active role in their own care, this might relate to a lack of understanding on how to invite them to do so and to increase their confidence. To change healthcare from a paternalistic system to care where patients are seen as partners may require pedagogical skills. PMID:25309128

2014-01-01

226

Implementing medication reconciliation from the planner's perspective: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background Medication reconciliation can reduce adverse events associated with prescribing errors at transitions between sites of care. Though a U.S. Joint Commission National Patient Safety Goal since 2006, at present organizations continue to have difficulty implementing it. The objective of this study was to examine medication reconciliation implementation from the perspective of individuals involved in the planning process in order to identify recurrent themes, including facilitators and barriers, that might inform other organizations’ planning and implementation efforts. Methods We performed semi-structured interviews with individuals who had a role in planning medication reconciliation implementation at a large urban academic medical center in the U.S. and its affiliated Veterans Affairs hospital. We queried respondents’ perceptions of the implementation process and their experience with facilitators and barriers. Transcripts were coded and analyzed using a grounded theory approach. The themes that emerged were subsequently categorized using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR). Results There were 13 respondents, each with one or more organizational roles in quality improvement, information technology, medication safety, and education. Respondents described a resource- and time- intensive medication reconciliation planning process. The planning teams’ membership and functioning were recognized as important factors to a successful planning process. Implementation was facilitated by planners’ understanding of the principles of performance improvement, in particular, fitting the new process into the workflow of multiple disciplines. Nevertheless, a need for significant professional role changes was recognized. Staff training was recognized to be an important part of roll-out, but training had several limitations. Planners monitored compliance to help sustain the process, but acknowledged that this did not ensure that medication reconciliation actually achieved its primary goal of reducing errors. Study findings fit multiple constructs in the CFIR model. Conclusions Study findings suggest that to improve the likelihood of a successful implementation of medication reconciliation, planners should, among other considerations, involve a multidisciplinary planning team, recognize the significant professional role changes that may be needed, and consider devoting resources not just to compliance monitoring but also to monitoring of the process’ impact on prescribing. PMID:24996538

2014-01-01

227

Qualitative study of breastfeeding after childhood sexual assault.  

PubMed

Childhood sexual assault (CSA) is a common experience for women. Little research has explored the breastfeeding experience of CSA survivors who successfully breastfeed. The objective of this study is to explore the experience of successful breastfeeding with mothers with a history of CSA. Eleven women are interviewed after responding to a community-based advertisement. The women self-identify as having experienced CSA by a family member. Semistructured interviews are conducted by the author. Interviews are transcribed, coded, and analyzed for themes. Four key themes are identified: enhancement of the mother- baby relationship, validation of the maternal body, splitting of the breasts' dual role as maternal and sexual objects, and exposure and control when breastfeeding in public. Healthcare professionals should be aware of these maternal issues when promoting breastfeeding and counseling breastfeeding women. PMID:19414736

Coles, Jan

2009-08-01

228

What Instills Trust? A Qualitative Study of Phishing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports the highlights of a user study which gauges reactions to a variety of common "trust indicators" - such as logos, third party endorsements, and padlock icons - over a selection of authentic and phishing stimuli. In the course of the think-aloud protocol, participants revealed different sensitivities to email messages and web pages. Our principal result is the analysis of what makes phishing emails and web pages appear authentic. This is not only of interest from a pure scientific point of view, but can also guide the design of legitimate material to avoid unnecessary risks. A second result of ours are observations of what makes legitimate content appear dubious to consumers. This is a result with obvious applications to online advertising.

Jakobsson, Markus; Tsow, Alex; Shah, Ankur; Blevis, Eli; Lim, Youn-Kyung

229

Perspectives on Schizophrenia Over the Lifespan: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Longitudinal data suggest heterogeneity in the long-term course of schizophrenia. It is unclear how older adults with schizophrenia perceive changes in their experience of schizophrenia over the lifespan. We interviewed 32 adults aged 50 years and older diagnosed with schizophrenia (mean duration 35 years) about their perceived changes in the symptoms of schizophrenia and functioning over the lifespan. Interview transcripts were analyzed using grounded theory techniques of coding, consensus, co-occurrence, and comparison. The study was conducted by a research partnership involving a multidisciplinary team of academic researchers, community members, and mental health clients engaged in all aspects of study design, interviewing, and analysis and interpretation of data. Results revealed that, in regard to early course of illness, participants experienced confusion about diagnosis, active psychotic symptoms, and withdrawal/losses in social networks. Thereafter, nearly all participants believed that their symptoms had improved, which they attributed to increased skills in self-management of positive symptoms. In contrast to consistency among participants in describing illness course, there was marked heterogeneity in perceptions about functioning. Some participants were in despair about the discrepancy between their current situations and life goals, others were resigned to remain in supported environments, and others working toward functional attainments and optimistic about the future. In conclusion, middle-aged and older adults with schizophrenia believed that their symptoms had improved over their lifespan, yet there was substantial variability among participants in how they perceived their functioning. Functional rehabilitation may need to be tailored to differences in perceptions of capacity for functional improvement. PMID:20603443

Shepherd, Sally; Depp, Colin A.; Harris, Gloria; Halpain, Maureen; Palinkas, Lawrence A.; Jeste, Dilip V.

2012-01-01

230

Practicing nurses perspectives of clinical scholarship: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background There is a scarcity of research published on clinical scholarship. Much of the conceptualisation has been conducted in the academy. Nurse academics espouse that the practice of nursing must be built within a framework of clinical scholarship. A key concept of clinical scholarship emerging from discussions in the literature is that it is an essential component of enabling evidence–based nursing and the development of best practice standards to provide for the needs of patients/clients. However, there is no comprehensive definition of clinical scholarship from the practicing nurses. The aim of this study was to contribute to this definitional discussion on the nature of clinical scholarship in nursing. Methods Naturalistic inquiry informed the method. Using an interpretative approach 18 practicing nurses from Australia, Canada and England were interviewed using a semi-structured format. The audio-taped interviews were transcribed and the text coded for emerging themes. The themes were sorted into categories and the components of clinical scholarship described by the participants compared to the scholarship framework of Boyer [JHEOE 7:5-18, 2010]. Results Clinical scholarship is difficult to conceptualise. Two of the essential elements of clinical scholarship are vision and passion. The other components of clinical scholarship were building and disseminating nursing knowledge, sharing knowledge, linking academic research to practice and doing practice-based research. Conclusion Academic scholarship dominated the discourse in nursing. However, in order for nursing to develop and to impact on health care, clinical scholarship needs to be explored and theorised. Nurse educators, hospital-based researchers and health organisations need to work together with academics to achieve this goal. Frameworks of scholarship conceptualised by nurse academics are reflected in the findings of this study with their emphasis on reading and doing research and translating it into nursing practice. This needs to be done in a nonthreatening environment. PMID:24066801

2013-01-01

231

[Perceptions of cannabis effects a qualitative study among adolescents].  

PubMed

The aim of the study was to compare perceptions of cannabis use effects and risks of tolerance effect, withdrawal syndrome, dependence and repercussions on school, social, and familial functioning among adolescent cannabis users and non users. Subjects were 210 adolescents (121 boys, 89 girls; mean age=16.3 1.3) from the department of Pyrénées-Orientales, France. Subjects completed a questionnaire assessing the frequency of cannabis use, the method of using cannabis, and including open-ended questions (What are the different methods of cannabis use? What are their pleasant and unpleasant or negative effects? What are their risks? Do you think that cannabis effects decrease in intensity when you are used to it? When someone is used to cannabis and stop using it (or has no more of it), does she experience craving for cannabis and withdrawal symptoms? What do you think of cannabis use?). Among the subjects, 118 (56.2%) were cannabis users and 92 (43.8%) were non-users. Among users, 27% used cannabis once a Month or less than once a Month, 21%, more than once a Month; 24%, more than once a weeks; 6%, every day; 20%, more than once a day. The methods of using cannabis were joints (76%), bong (40%), pipe (23%), and ingestion (18%). Knowledge of methods of using cannabis was higher in users than non-users: joint (87% vs 64%, p<0.0001), bong (69% vs 21%, p<0.0001), pipe (38% vs 7%, p<0.0001), ingestion (41% vs 13%, p<0.0001). Fifty-four per cent of users reported that cannabis use induces pleasant affects versus 30% of non-users (p=0.0006). They were exhilaration (47% vs 9%), relaxation (40% vs 23%), cheerfulness (21% vs 10%). Twenty-seven percent of users reported that cannabis use reduces negative feelings versus 14% of non-users (p=0.02). To be more open to social relationships was mentioned by 13% of users versus 1% of non-users (p=0.0001). The negative effects that were reported were attention and cognitive impairment (13% of users vs 5% of non users, p=0.05), irritability (8% vs 8%), loss of control (8% vs 8%) and feeling faint (13% vs 6%, p=0.09). Users reported than bong has much quicker and stronger effects than joints. The effects of bong class cannabis as a hard drug. Physical negative effects or risk were reported by 35% of users versus 30% of non-users (p=0.44). Bong users described specific physical risks such as respiratory problems and fainting. No subjects reported the risk of road accidents. Most users and non-users considered that cannabis use causes dependence (60% vs 74%, p=0.03), tolerance (68% vs 60%, p=0.23), and withdrawal symptoms (76% vs 52%, p<0.001). A minority of users and non-users reported that cannabis use causes a deterioration in school functioning (42% vs 20%, p=0.69), in social activities (23% vs 14%, p=0.10) and in family relationships (29% vs 20%, p=0.14). Most of users (56%) had a global positive opinion of cannabis use whereas most non-users (66%) had a global negative opinion of cannabis use. The frequency and methods of use reported in this study compare with the results of a recent study carried out in another town of the south of France. These results suggest that a high proportion of French adolescents are using cannabis and that a high proportion of users utilize bongs. Perception of cannabis effects and risks of tolerance effect, withdrawal syndrome, dependence and repercussions on school, social, and familial functioning differed between users and non-users. Users have more positive beliefs and less negative beliefs about cannabis than non-users. Users reported more frequently pleasant effects and less frequently unpleasant or negative effects, physical risks, risks of dependence, deterioration in school, social, and familial functioning than non-users. However, only a minority of non-users reported negative effects or consequences of cannabis use. None subjects reported a risk of road accident. These results suggest that information on negative effects, risks and repercussions of cannabis use may be a target for prevention intervention. PMID:15235524

Chabrol, H; Roura, C; Kallmeyer, A

2004-01-01

232

Combining qualitative evaluation and social network analysis for the study of classroom social interactions  

E-print Network

Studying and evaluating real experiences that promote active and collaborative learning is a crucial fieldCombining qualitative evaluation and social network analysis for the study of classroom social design and tools. Our proposal and the presented case study aim at giving an answer to the need

Boyer, Edmond

233

Awareness of Partner's Eye Gaze in Situated Referential Grounding: An Empirical Study  

E-print Network

Awareness of Partner's Eye Gaze in Situated Referential Grounding: An Empirical Study Changsong Liu of such applications include space exploration [7], military training [12], and autism therapy [5]. To develop

234

An Empirical Study of IT use in Pakistani Civil Society Organizations  

E-print Network

organizations (NGOs) to activist groups, think tanks, trade unions, professional associations, cultural groupsAn Empirical Study of IT use in Pakistani Civil Society Organizations Saqib Saeed Department, 57076, Germany Abstract As voulantary organizations are differnt form business and governmental

235

What Is It like to Be a Person with Schizophrenia in the Social World? A First-Person Perspective Study on Schizophrenic Dissociality – Part 2: Methodological Issues and Empirical Findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This is an empirical study exploring the personal level of experience of social dysfunction in persons with schizophrenia. Method: We adopted a qualitative method of inquiry based on a review of transcripts of individual therapy sessions conducted for 52 persons with chart diagnoses of schizophrenia or schizotypal disorder. Results: In our interviews, the experience of the social world in

Giovanni Stanghellini; Massimo Ballerini

2011-01-01

236

Words that Hurt: A Qualitative Study of Parental Verbal Abuse in the Philippines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigated opinions on what constitute parental abuse with interviews of 30 high school students, 30 parents, and 28 counselors. Despite increased reported cases of emotional abuses and child maltreatments in the Philippines, few empirical studies have explored the exact nature of parental verbal abuses in this country. This study

Loh, Jennifer; Calleja, Flora; Restubog, Simon Lloyd D.

2011-01-01

237

Gender Differences in Japanese College Students' Participation in a Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lincoln and Guba (1985) reminded us that a qualitative study can change midcourse, taking the researcher into areas of inquiry they did not anticipate at the beginning. This case study was originally designed to ascertain the benefits and limitations of video-equipped cellular telephone use by Japanese college students. When the data were…

Scott, Douglass J.

2008-01-01

238

What Factors Are Important in Smoking Cessation Amongst Deprived Communities?: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: There is limited evidence regarding effective smoking cessation interventions in deprived communities. This study explored what factors are considered most important in smoking cessation, from the perspective of a group of NHS Stop Smoking Service users from a deprived community. Design: A qualitative study. Setting: A deprived…

Henderson, Hazel J.; Memon, Anjum; Lawson, Kate; Jacobs, Barbara; Koutsogeorgou, Eleni

2011-01-01

239

Indigenous Crisis Counseling in Taiwan: An Exploratory Qualitative Case Study of an Expert Therapist  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, we adopted a single qualitative case study method to explore and examine indigenous approaches to crisis counseling in Taiwan, through the distinct lens of an expert Taiwanese counseling psychologist. In-depth, open-ended interviews were conducted with the psychologist (as the case) to document her lived clinical experiences…

Kuo, Ben C. H.; Hsu, Wei-Su; Lai, Nien-Hwa

2011-01-01

240

A Qualitative Examination of the Attitudes of Liberal Studies Markers towards Onscreen Marking in Hong Kong  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Hong Kong, onscreen marking (OSM) is superseding paper-based marking (PBM) across the entire national examinations system. This paper describes a qualitative study of the attitudes of Liberal Studies markers towards OSM. This becomes a compulsory subject in Hong Kong's new senior secondary school curriculum to be first examined in 2012, with a…

Coniam, David

2011-01-01

241

Evidence-based Practice Implementation Strategies: Results of a Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports on the strategies used to implement the evidence-based practices of supported employment and integrated\\u000a dual diagnosis treatment. Using qualitative research methods, the study uncovered eight strategies that contributed to successful\\u000a implementation in six sites.

Charles A. Rapp; Diane Etzel-Wise; Doug Marty; Melinda Coffman; Linda Carlson; Dianne Asher; Jennifer Callaghan; Rob Whitley

2008-01-01

242

Personal Television: A Qualitative Study of Mobile TV Users in South Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

This describes a qualitative user study of mobile phone TV usage undertaken during September 2005 and centered on the real world Mobile TV usage of subscribers of the recently launched live service in Seoul, South Korea. Data collection and reporting methods were optimized to inform and inspire future Nokia product development. The study identified four primary use cases: at home;

Jan Chipchase; Cui Yanqing; Younghee Jung

243

Perceived Barriers to Health Care Access Among Rural Older Adults: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Context: Many rural elders experience limited access to health care. The majority of what we know about this issue has been based upon quantitative studies, yet qualitative studies might offer additional insight into individual perceptions of health care access. Purpose: To examine what barriers rural elders report when accessing needed health…

Goins, R. Turner; Williams, Kimberly A.; Carter, Mary W.; Spencer, S. Melinda; Solovieva, Tatiana

2005-01-01

244

Black Male Adolescents Navigating Microaggressions in a Traditionally White Middle School: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of qualitative case study analysis, this study offers in-depth understanding of Black male middle school students' perceptions of racial microaggressions. It was found that Black male adolescents, depending on their backgrounds, are aware of different types of microaggressions. Implications for school counselors, teachers, and…

Henfield, Malik S.

2011-01-01

245

Bullying/Victimization from a Family Perspective: A Qualitative Study of Secondary School Students' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present paper uses a qualitative method in order to study the ways in which bullying is discursively organized among young adolescent students in relation to the family factors related to it. Only a few studies have linked aspects of parenting and family functioning to bullying through the use of students' discourses despite the fact that…

Bibou-Nakou, I.; Tsiantis, J.; Assimopoulos, H.; Chatzilambou, P.

2013-01-01

246

First Entry: Report on a Qualitative Exploratory Study of Novice User Experience with Online Finding Aids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many of those now accessing archives through online finding aids are encountering primary materials (albeit virtually) for the first time. These users are often unfamiliar with finding aid structure, terminology, and principles. This article reports on a qualitative, exploratory study of a subset of these novice users. The study concentrated on…

Scheir, Wendy

2005-01-01

247

Factors Related to Persistence in Engineering: Results of a Qualitative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a qualitative study regarding the problem of retaining students in college engineering programs where roughly 50% of students drop out. The study focuses on interviews of students who participated in the pre-engineering program at Auburn University in Alabama. Twenty-four students were interviewed representing the sub-groups…

MacGuire, Susanne; Halpin, Glennelle

248

Female frequent Internet gamblers: a qualitative study investigating the role of family, social situation and work  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study undertaken was a qualitative study of 25 females in the UK who gambled at least twice a week on the Internet. Volunteers were recruited from a wide range of sources. The sample included 16 problem gamblers (PGs) and nine frequent gamblers. Most of the women spent considerable periods at home and Internet gambling was something to do that

Roslyn Corney; Janette Davis

2010-01-01

249

Barriers and enablers in the management of tuberculosis treatment in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Non-adherence to tuberculosis (TB) treatment is an important barrier for TB control programs because incomplete treatment may result in prolonged infectiousness, drug resistance, relapse, and death. The aim of the present study is to explore enablers and barriers in the management of TB treatment during the first five months of treatment in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. METHODS: Qualitative study which

Mette Sagbakken; Jan C Frich; Gunnar Bjune

2008-01-01

250

A Qualitative Study of the Health-Related Quality of Life of Disabled Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study investigated what disabled children thought most important in their lives and examined how well their priorities are represented in KIDSCREEN, a generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) instrument. Participants were a subgroup of families who had previously taken part in a study of quality of life and participation in…

Young, Bridget; Rice, Helen; Dixon-Woods, Mary; Colver, Allan F.; Parkinson, Kathryn N.

2007-01-01

251

Parent-teacher relations: A qualitative study of parental involvement practices of teachers and parents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored parents' and teachers' practices concerning parent involvement. The following questions guided this study: (1) How, to what extent, and why are parents involved in the education of their children? (2) How, to what extent, and why do teachers involve parents in the education of children? Qualitative research methods associated with phenomenology were used. An interview guide allowed

Patricia Lou Serpe-Schroeder

1999-01-01

252

Physical activity in pregnancy: a qualitative study of the beliefs of overweight and obese pregnant women  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Whilst there has been increasing research interest in interventions which promote physical activity during pregnancy few studies have yielded detailed insights into the views and experiences of overweight and obese pregnant women themselves. The qualitative study described in this paper aimed to: (i) explore the views and experiences of overweight and obese pregnant women; and (ii) inform interventions which

Zoe Weir; Judith Bush; Stephen C Robson; Catherine McParlin; Judith Rankin; Ruth Bell

2010-01-01

253

Mexican "Curanderismo" as Ethnopsychotherapy: A Qualitative Study on Treatment Practices, Effectiveness, and Mechanisms of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports the results of a qualitative field study of the ethnotherapeutic treatment practices of "curanderos," the practitioners of traditional Mexican medicine, and their effectiveness in the treatment of mental illness. Three healers and their patients from the southwestern state of Oaxaca participated in the study. The patients had…

Zacharias, Steffi

2006-01-01

254

Why Iranian married women use withdrawal instead of oral contraceptives? A qualitative study from Iran  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Withdrawal as a method of birth control is still used in Iran. The aim of this study was to explore married women's perspectives and attitudes on withdrawal use instead of oral contraceptive (OC) in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: This was a qualitative study. Participants were 50 married women, not currently pregnant, not desiring pregnancy and who had been using withdrawal

Parvin Rahnama; Alireza Hidarnia; Farkhondeh Amin Shokravi; Anoushiravan Kazemnejad; Deborah Oakley; Ali Montazeri

2010-01-01

255

Psychometric models of student conceptions in science: Reconciling qualitative studies and distractor-driven assessment instruments  

Microsoft Academic Search

We stand poised to marry the fruits of qualitative research on children's conceptions with the machinery of psychometrics. This merger allows us to build upon studies of limited groups of subjects to generalize to the larger population of learners. This is accomplished by reformulating multiple choice tests to reflect gains in understanding cognitive development. This study uses psychometric modeling to

Philip M. Sadler

1998-01-01

256

Changing Green Subjectivities in Outdoor and Environmental Education: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article draws on a longitudinal qualitative study of Australian tertiary students studying Outdoor and Environmental Education. It draws on the work of Foucault and Darier to consider how "environmental governmentality" shapes the conduct, desires and attitudes of these students over time. Attention is drawn to normalising and disciplinary…

Preston, Lou

2012-01-01

257

A Qualitative Study of Coping in Mothers of Children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A significant body of research exists that explores the stressors of raising a child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). There are fewer studies, however, that examine specific effective coping strategies of mothers of children with an ASD. This qualitative study explored mothers' perceptions of effective coping strategies for their parenting…

Kuhaneck, Heather Miller; Burroughs, Tajhma; Wright, Jamie; Lemanczyk, Theresa; Darragh, Amy Rowntree

2010-01-01

258

Caregiver Burden and Coping in Schizophrenia and Bipolar Disorder: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Caregivers of people with severe mental disorders suffer from having a considerable burden as a result of their caregiving role. They develop different kinds of coping strategies to deal with this burden. There has been a lack of qualitative studies on caregiver burden and coping, especially from non-Western populations. The present paper reports findings of a longitudinal study of burden

K. K. Ganguly; R. K. Chadda; T. B. Singh

2010-01-01

259

A Profile of an Effective Teacher of English: A Qualitative Study from Poland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents and discusses a research study aimed at defining the profile of an effective Polish teacher of English. The study, which is qualitative in nature, has been conducted among English language teachers in Poland who are considered excellent in their professional environment. Their kinds of knowledge and their beliefs about the…

Werbinska, Dorota

2009-01-01

260

Case studies of patient interactions, care provision and the impact of emotions: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Caring is a complex phenomenon. Nurses aim to relieve patient suffering, acknowledge subjective experiences, display empathy but also manage emotions related to care provision. This study explored nurses' perceptions, experiences and emotions related to caring for cancer patients. This qualitative study used semi-structured interviews to explore the emotions management of 32 nurses working in a cancer hospital in Pakistan. Data saturation occurred after 20 interviews. Three themes emerged from the data related to caring, acknowledgement of patients' feelings, professional behaviour, patient involvement and emotional control. Some nurses repressed their emotions and feelings over patients who had difficulties sustaining hope. In such cases nurses require supportive networks to assist their emotions management and intra-personal skills. Educational support is needed to help nurses express their views in relation to emotional contagion, significance of repressed emotions and to identify supportive ways to assist nurses to communicate their experiences. PMID:23893852

Banning, Maggi; Gumley, Virginia

2013-12-01

261

Qualitative and Quantitative Distinctions in Personality Disorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

The categorical–dimensional debate has catalyzed a wealth of empirical advances in the study of personality pathology. However, this debate is merely one articulation of a broader conceptual question regarding whether to define and describe psychopathology as a quantitatively extreme expression of normal functioning or as qualitatively distinct in its process. In this article I argue that dynamic models of personality

Aidan G. C. Wright

2011-01-01

262

Adventures in the twilight zone: empirical studies of the attorney-expert relationship.  

PubMed

A series of empirical pilot studies, performed during workshops at meetings of the American Academy of Psychiatry and Law (AAPL), and examining various aspects of the attorney-expert witness relationship are presented and their implications are discussed. The author calls for further investigation of a topic that--although constantly a feature of discussion among both experts and attorneys--lacks extensive empirical investigation. PMID:11302380

Gutheil, T G

2001-01-01

263

Ambivalence related to potential lifestyle changes following preventive cardiovascular consultations in general practice: A qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Motivational interviewing approaches are currently recommended in primary prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in general practice in Denmark, based on an empirical and multidisciplinary body of scientific knowledge about the importance of motivation for successful lifestyle change among patients at risk of lifestyle related diseases. This study aimed to explore and describe motivational aspects related to potential

Dea Kehler; Bo Christensen; Torsten Lauritzen; Morten Bondo Christensen; Adrian Edwards; Mette Bech Risør

2008-01-01

264

Residents Learning from a Narrative Experience with Dying Patients: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For patients at the end of life, it is crucial to address the psychological, existential, and spiritual distress of patients. Medical education research suggests trainees feel unprepared to provide the whole person, humanistic care held as the ideal. This study used an empirically based narrative intervention, the dignity interview, as an…

Tait, Glendon R.; Hodges, Brian D.

2013-01-01

265

Changing Fatherhood: An Exploratory Qualitative Study with African and African Caribbean Men in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a qualitative study undertaken with 46 African and African Caribbean men exploring their experiences of fatherhood. Data analysis was informed by Connell's theoretical work on changing gender relations. Findings indicate that fathers' lives were mediated by masculinities, racism, gender, migration and…

Williams, Robert; Hewison, Alistair; Wildman, Stuart; Roskell, Carolyn

2013-01-01

266

The Response of Healthcare Services to People at Risk of Suicide: a Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: This paper describes a small qualitative research study conducted in the area of suicide. Family and close friends of 15 young people who lived in Sydney, New South Wales, prior to their suicide, between 1990 and 1995, were interviewed to elicit their perceptions of the healthcare support given to the suicidees prior to their death.Method: Content analysis of in-depth

Meredith Nirui; Lynn Chenoweth

1999-01-01

267

A Qualitative Study of Recovering and Nonrecovering Substance Abuse Counselors' Belief Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated recovering and nonrecovering substance abuse counselors' beliefs about the etiology and treatment of substance abuse disorders. Qualitative methods were used to investigate these variables. Analysis of the data revealed several key findings with implications for future research. (Contains 1 table.)

Crabb, Ann C.; Linton, Jeremy M.

2007-01-01

268

Educational Reform as Innovation: A Qualitative Study on the Perceptions of Brazilian Agricultural School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examines the perceptions of federally supported agricultural school teachers toward the attributes of two educational innovations brought by the educational reform currently undergoing in Brazil--the separation between academic and professional education and the emergence of the competency-based modular curriculum. The…

Leite, Francisco Carlos T.; Baggett, Connie D.; Radhakrishna, Rama B.

2004-01-01

269

A Scoping Review of Qualitative Studies about Children Experiencing Parental Separation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores a scoping review of qualitative studies about children's experiences and feelings during times of parental separation. The purpose of the review was to explore children's feelings and attitudes about their parents' separation and how their voices are heard during times of parental separation. The scoping review examined 44…

Birnbaum, Rachel; Saini, Michael

2013-01-01

270

Problematic Situations Associated with Dating Experiences and Relationships among Urban African American Adolescents: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study focused on the identification of problem situations associated with adolescent dating experiences and relationships, including those that placed youth at risk for dating violence perpetration or victimization. Interviews were conducted with 44 African American middle and high school students in an urban school system.…

Sullivan, Terri N.; Erwin, Elizabeth H.; Helms, Sarah W.; Masho, Saba W.; Farrell, Albert D.

2010-01-01

271

Women's perceptions of homebirths in two rural medical districts in Burkina Faso: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: In developing countries, most childbirth occurs at home and is not assisted by skilled attendants. The situation increases the risk of death for both mother and child and has severe maternal complications. The purpose of this study was to describe women's perceptions of homebirths in the medical districts of Ouargaye and Diapaga. METHODS: A qualitative approach was used to

Télesphore D Some; Issiaka Sombie; Nicolas Meda

2011-01-01

272

A Quantitative and Qualitative Study of Math Anxiety among Preservice Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This project investigated the effects of a standards-based mathematics methods course on the mathematics anxiety levels of preservice teachers. The qualitative portion of the study examined aspects of a math methods course that affected mathematics anxiety levels and the antecedents of mathematics anxiety. Findings revealed a significant…

Sloan, Tina Rye

2010-01-01

273

Factors Affecting Self-Referral to Counselling Services in the Workplace: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The benefits of psychological support in the workplace (also known as workplace counselling) are well documented. Most large organisations in the UK have staff counselling schemes. However, it is unclear what, if any, factors affect employee decisions to use such schemes. This study has used a qualitative methodology to explore the reasons that…

Athanasiades, Chrysostomos; Winthrop, Allan; Gough, Brendan

2008-01-01

274

Principals and Managers and Leaders: A Qualitative Study of the Perspectives of Selected Elementary School Principals.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study explored eight elementary principals' conceptions about leadership and management constructs; beliefs about the role of their personal philosophies; and language used to describe themselves, their work, and their schools. Principals identified four issues: conflicting roles, being there, evolving as leaders, and balancing…

Cascadden, Dean S. T.

1998-01-01

275

In Their Own Words: A Qualitative Study of the Reasons Australian University Students Plagiarize  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ways in which universities and individual academics attempt to deter and respond to student plagiarism may be based on untested assumptions about particular or primary reasons for this behaviour. Using a series of group interviews, this qualitative study gathered the views of 56 Australian university students on the possible reasons for…

Devlin, Marcia; Gray, Kathleen

2007-01-01

276

Multimorbidity, service organization and clinical decision making in primary care: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Primary care professionals often manage patients with multiple long-term health conditions, but managing multimorbidity is challenging given time and resource constraints and interactions between conditions. OBJECTIVE: To explore GP and nurse perceptions of multimorbidity and the influence on service organization and clinical decision making. METHODS: A qualitative interview study with primary care professionals in practices in Greater Manchester, U.K.

P. Bower; W. Macdonald; E. Harkness; L. Gask; T. Kendrick; J. M. Valderas; C. Dickens; T. Blakeman; B. S. Sibbald

2011-01-01

277

Qualitative study of interpretation of reassurance among patients attending rheumatology clinics: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives To examine commonly used methods of reassurance by clinicians and explore their effect on patients. Design Qualitative study of tape recordings of in›depth, semistructured interviews with patients before and after consultation and of their consultations with doctors. Setting NHS specialist rheumatology clinics in two large British cities. Participants 35 patients selected by consultant rheumatologists from general practitioner referral letters

Jenny L Donovan; David R Blake

2000-01-01

278

How does a box work? A study in the qualitative dynamics of solid objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is an in-depth study of qualitative physical reasoning about one particular sce- nario: using a box to carry a collection of objects from one place to another. Specically we consider the plan, plan1 \\\\Load objects uCargo into box oBox one by one; carry oBox from lo- cation l1 to location l2.\\

Ernest Davis

2011-01-01

279

Identifying Strategies for Native American Student Success in Community Colleges: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study attempted to analyze the educational goals and achievements of successful present and former Native American students at San Juan College (SJC) in Farmington, NM. It considered a systemic approach to educating Native American students by taking into account their suggestions of how to improve the educational framework to…

Baxter, Paula Jean

2009-01-01

280

Recruiting Highly Qualified African American Teachers in American Urban Public Schools: A Qualitative Collective Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the qualitative collective case study is to identify the weaknesses in the methods used to recruit highly qualified African American preservice teachers in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. The data collection process consisted of one-on-one, open-ended interview questions with 10 highly qualified African American public school…

James, LaNora Marcell

2011-01-01

281

Searching for competitive advantage through sustainability : A qualitative study in the New Zealand wine industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Sustainability is becoming increasingly important in supply chains, particularly in those that function in highly competitive industries. The purpose of this paper is to understand more deeply the role sustainability plays within supply chains based on a qualitative study conducted in the New Zealand wine industry. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – This research followed a grounded theory methodology which used in-depth

Daniel J. Flint; Susan L. Golicic

2009-01-01

282

A Qualitative Study of Resilience Factors of Bosnian Refugee Women Resettled in the Southern United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study reports findings from a qualitative investigation of seven Bosnian refugee women's coping strategies as they resettled in two cities of the Southeastern United States over five years. It focuses on their personal experiences as refugees and the factors that contributed to their resilience. Their personal narratives highlight the importance of family as well as extended family, spirituality expressed

Marie-Antoinette Sossou; Carlton D. Craig; Heather Ogren; Michelle Schnak

2008-01-01

283

A QUALITATIVE APPROACH TO STUDY THE FACTORS IMPACTING MICROMARKETING MERCHANDISING IN THE APPAREL RETAIL INDUSTRY  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine the importance of micromarketing merchandising in the apparel retail industry. Review of available literature was conducted to obtain variables that effected micromarketing merchandising in different industries. General merchandising managers of 20 apparel retail store chains were interviewed, A qualitative analysis of the transcribed interviews indicated that assortment, demographics, pricing, and customer loyalty

JAYA HALEPETE

284

Reasons for illicit drug use in people with schizophrenia: Qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Drug misuse is an important clinical problem associated with a poorer outcome in patients who have a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Qualitative studies have rarely been used to elicit reasons for drug use in psychosis, but not in schizophrenia. METHODS: Seventeen people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and who had used street drugs were interviewed and asked to describe, in

Carolyn J Asher; Linda Gask

2010-01-01

285

A Qualitative Study of the Experience of Parents Attending a Psychoanalytically Informed Parent-Toddler Group  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper presents the findings of a qualitative study into the experience of seven parents attending a psychoanalytically informed parent-toddler group. Semi-structured interviews were carried out with each parent, and analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Analysis of the interviews led us to three "superordinate themes", each…

Barros, Maria; Kitson, Annabel; Midgley, Nick

2008-01-01

286

A Qualitative Study of Early Family Histories and Transitions of Homeless Youth  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using intensive qualitative interviews with 40 homeless youth, this study examined their early family histories for abuse, neglect, and other family problems and the number and types of transitions that youth experienced. Multiple forms of child maltreatment, family alcoholism, drug use, and criminal activity characterized early family histories…

Tyler, Kimberly A.

2006-01-01

287

"I regretted the minute I pressed share": A Qualitative Study of Regrets on Facebook  

E-print Network

"I regretted the minute I pressed share": A Qualitative Study of Regrets on Facebook Yang Wang wang 569 Ameri- can Facebook users. Their regrets revolved around sensitive top- ics, content with strong the Facebook plat- form. Some reported incidents had serious repercussions, such as breaking up relationships

Sadeh, Norman M.

288

A Qualitative Case Study Exploring the Impact of Experienced Teachers' Stories on Pre-Service Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explores the impact of experienced teachers' stories on pre-service teachers. Specifically, it examines what stories pre-service teachers hear and remember, if/how those stories impact thoughts or actions, and what factors influence impact. Analyzing pre-service teachers' reactions to stories and utilizing their direct…

Smith, Kristi Johnson

2010-01-01

289

Patients' understanding of genetic susceptibility testing in mainstream medicine: qualitative study on thrombophilia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: UK and US policy initiatives have suggested that, in the future, patients and clinicians in mainstream medicine could use genetic information to prevent common illnesses. There are no studies on patients' experience and understanding of the process of testing for common genetic susceptibilities in mainstream medicine. METHODS: Qualitative interviews with 42 individuals who had undergone testing for a genetic

Paula M Saukko; Sian Ellard; Suzanne H Richards; Maggie H Shepherd; John L Campbell

2007-01-01

290

Dissolved oxygen in the River Mesta (Bulgaria): a case study for qualitative modelling of sustainable development  

E-print Network

Dissolved oxygen in the River Mesta (Bulgaria): a case study for qualitative modelling of the indicative parameters of aquatic ecosystem health is the amount of dissolved oxygen (DO) in the water. Oxygen and outputs of DO due to the biological processes of oxygen production and consumption. Water pollution

Bailey-Kellogg, Chris

291

Marketing of Revenue-Generating ESL Programs at the University of Calgary: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative case study endeavored to understand how program managers at one post-secondary Canadian university define, understand and undertake the marketing of their revenue-generating English as a Second Language (ESL) programs. Data were collected through interviews with three managers of distinct English as a Second Language (ESL)…

Eaton, Sarah Elaine

2009-01-01

292

When the viewer goes to prison: learning fact from watching fiction. A qualitative cultivation study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research suggests that effects of television fiction on the perception of reality are coding errors occurring when viewers remember what they saw without remembering the validity of the source. A qualitative study of 33 prison inmates discussing their first entry into the prison system shows that when experiences which previously were of secondary importance suddenly and acutely become of

Jan Van den Bulck; Heidi Vandebosch

2003-01-01

293

Only Two Hours? A Qualitative Study of the Challenges Parents Perceive in Restricting Child Television Time  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines parents' and children's reaction to the American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation to limit children's television (TV) viewing to 2 hours a day or less. To better understand the challenges faced by parents who would seek to adhere to the guidelines, we conducted qualitative small group interviews with 60 parent/child dyads…

Evans, Cortney A.; Jordan, Amy B.; Horner, Jennifer

2011-01-01

294

Dreams Deferred but not Deterred: A Qualitative Study on Undergraduate Nursing Student Attrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study using grounded theory was conducted to examine the reasons that a sample of undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students withdrew from their nursing programs. The sample consisted of 11 nursing students who left generic baccalaureate nursing programs located in an urban area of a southeastern state. A semi-structured interview…

Wells, Marcia I.

2007-01-01

295

Exploring the depilation norm: a qualitative questionnaire study of women's body hair removal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Women's body hair removal is highly normative across contemporary western cultures. Nevertheless, little is known about the production and maintenance of this norm. Drawing on qualitative survey data from 678 women in the UK, this study offers two explanations: First, hairlessness and hairiness are predominantly constructed as positive and negative alternatives, respectively. Consequently, the ‘options’ to depilate, or not, are

Merran Toerien; Sue Wilkinson

2004-01-01

296

Eating and drinking habits of young London-based Irish men: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study is based on interviews with young Irish men living in London, regarding their diets and their views on healthy eating. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. Interviewees gave various reasons for adopting unhealthy eating habits, including the cost of healthy foods, their lack of time and ability to cook, and their prioritisation of drinking alcohol. Views

Aidan Kelly; Karen Ciclitira

2011-01-01

297

Sexual Minority Youth Perspectives on the School Environment and Suicide Risk Interventions: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explored the experiences of five gay, lesbian, and bisexual adolescents' perspectives on their schools' acceptance of their sexual orientation, and perceptions of these schools' approach to suicide risk intervention. Focus groups were tape recorded, transcribed, and analyzed through constant comparative analysis. Themes that…

Rutter, Philip A.; Leech, Nancy L.

2006-01-01

298

Combining qualitative evaluation and social network analysis for the study of classroom social interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Studying and evaluating real experiences that promote active and collaborative learning is a crucial field in CSCL. Major issues that remain unsolved deal with the merging of qualitative and quantitative methods and data, especially in educational settings that involve both physical and computer-supported collaboration. In this paper we present an evaluation in a university course of Computer Architecture that took

A. Martínez; Yannis A. Dimitriadis; Bartolomé Rubia-avi; E. Gómez; P. De La Fuente

2003-01-01

299

A Qualitative Study of Information Technology Students' Learning Outcomes during a Cooperative Education Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative descriptive study was to describe the learning outcomes of the cooperative-education experience from an Information Technology student's perspective at a large Fortune 500 manufacturing/sales company located in the Midwest United States. Open-ended interview questions were developed based on the four-component model…

Krejci, Katherine T.

2010-01-01

300

Resident-to-Resident Aggression in Nursing Homes: Results from a Qualitative Event Reconstruction Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: Despite its prevalence and negative consequences, research on elder abuse has rarely considered resident-to-resident aggression (RRA) in nursing homes. This study employed a qualitative event reconstruction methodology to identify the major forms of RRA that occur in nursing homes. Design and methods: Events of RRA were identified within…

Pillemer, Karl; Chen, Emily K.; Van Haitsma, Kimberly S.; Teresi, Jeanne; Ramirez, Mildred; Silver, Stephanie; Sukha, Gail; Lachs, Mark S.

2012-01-01

301

What do parents and preschool staff tell us about young children's physical activity: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Physical activity and small screen recreation are two modifiable behaviours associated with childhood obesity and the development of chronic health problems. Parents and preschool staff shape behaviour habits in young children. The aims of this qualitative study were to explore the attitudes, values, knowledge and understanding of parents and carers of preschool-age children in relation to physical activity and

Genevieve M Dwyer; Joy Higgs; Louise L Hardy; Louise A Baur

2008-01-01

302

When Things Fall Apart: Qualitative Studies of Poverty in the Former Soviet Union.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using qualitative methods, the studies in this volume highlight certain aspects of the dynamics of poverty in eight countries of the former Soviet Union and the interactions of poverty with gender, age, and ethnicity. They deepen understanding of how poor people in these countries experience and cope with the shock of sudden poverty, worsening…

Dudwick, Nora, Ed.; Gomart, Elizabeth, Ed.; Marc, Alexandre, Ed.; Kuehnast, Kathleen, Ed.

303

The Role and Functionality of Emotions in Feedback at University: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a qualitative study exploring the role and functionality of emotions in feedback. In-depth interview data from students and lecturers at an Australian university are analysed using cognitive appraisal and prototype theory. Results suggest that students experience a range of positive and negative emotions in feedback contexts…

Rowe, Anna D.; Fitness, Julie; Wood, Leigh N.

2014-01-01

304

Promotion Criteria, Faculty Experiences and Perceptions: A Qualitative Study at a Key University in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this micro-level, detailed qualitative study of a university faculty in a large city in China are threefold: to identify the sources of institutional promotion criteria, to illustrate the experiences of frontline faculty members with these criteria and their perceptions of them, and to discuss the possible bearings of the findings…

Jingning, Zhang

2013-01-01

305

Becoming Grown-Ups: A Qualitative Study of the Experiences of Peer Mentors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer mentoring is the most common type of peer support framework used in English secondary schools, involving a one-to-one supportive relationship between pupils. Interpersonal benefits have been found for pupils who provide support to others, but there has been little exploration of the experience of being a peer mentor. This qualitative study

James, Alana I.; Smith, Peter K.; Radford, Lorraine

2014-01-01

306

Experiences of Preschoolers with Severe Disabilities in an Inclusive Early Education Setting: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the social experiences of preschoolers with severe disabilities in an inclusive early education setting. Teachers, paraprofessionals, and peers were interviewed, and the children and adults were observed in daily routines of the preschool. Findings showed that social experiences with adults were…

Hanline, Mary Francis; Correa-Torres, Silvia M.

2012-01-01

307

The Social Dimension of Distance Learning by Interactive Television: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study examined instructors' and students' perceptions of social relationship in distance learning. Interview and observational data were collected and analyzed to generate theories. Convenient sampling was used. Factors influencing a sense of distance were analyzed. Findings revealed greater difficulty establishing a social…

Zhao, Liang

2011-01-01

308

Understanding the Experiences of Latina/o Students: A Qualitative Study for Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A qualitative study with nine Latina/o college students was conducted to determine their experiences with their high school teachers. After careful data analysis, the following themes emerged: (a) some Latina/o students receive high expectations and others receive low expectations, (b) low expectations for non-AP students exist, and (c) some…

Cavazos, Alyssa G.; Cavazos, Javier, Jr.

2010-01-01

309

Work Experiences of People with Mental Illness in Malaysia: A Preliminary Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a preliminary qualitative study, using a basic interpretive approach, to investigate the work experiences of people with mental illness in Malaysia. Six females and four males (aged 30-70) from a residential home for the mentally ill participated in semi-structured interviews. Three inter-relating themes emerged, namely the experience of…

Boo, Su-Lyn; Loong, Jaymee; Ng, Wai-Sheng

2011-01-01

310

Understanding resolution of deliberate self harm: qualitative interview study of patients' experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To explore the accounts of those with a history of deliberate self harm but who no longer do so, to understand how they perceive this resolution and to identify potential implications for provision of health services. Design Qualitative in-depth interview study. Setting Interviews in a community setting. Participants 20 participants selected from a representative cohort identified in 1997 after

Julia Sinclair; Judith Green

2005-01-01

311

A qualitative study exploring how mothers manage their teenage children's diets  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research indicates that an unhealthy diet is a risk factor for the development of a range of chronic conditions, including obesity, cancer, diabetes and coronary heart disease. Dietary habits formed in childhood persist into adulthood. Previous research on dietary habits has focused on families with young children. This qualitative study extends the literature by exploring how mothers manage their teenage

Katarzyna Chapman; Jane Ogden

2009-01-01

312

Factors Affecting Latina Immigrants’ Perceptions of Maternal Health Care: Findings From a Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Due to the influx of Latino immigration in the United States, health care services are faced with the challenge of meeting the needs of this growing population. In this qualitative study, we explored Latina immigrants’ experiences with maternal health care services. We found that despite enduring language barriers and problems, Spanish-speaking women expressed satisfaction with their care. Factors influencing women's

Tilly A. Gurman; Davida Becker

2008-01-01

313

Practice based, longitudinal, qualitative interview study of computerised evidence based guidelines in primary care  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To understand the factors influencing the adoption of a computerised clinical decision support system for two chronic diseases in general practice. Design Practice based, longitudinal, qualitative interview study. Setting Five general practices in north east England. Participants 13 respondents (two practice managers, three nurses, and eight general practitioners) gave a total of 19 semistructured interviews. 40 people in practices

Nikki Rousseau; Elaine McColl; John Newton; Jeremy Grimshaw; Martin Eccles

2003-01-01

314

Adolescent-parent interactions and attitudes around screen time and sugary drink consumption: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Little is known about how adolescents and their parents interact and talk about some of the key lifestyle behaviors that are associated with overweight and obesity, such as screen time (ST) and sugary drink (SD) consumption. This qualitative study aimed to explore adolescents' and parents' perceptions, attitudes, and interactions in regards to these topics. METHODS: Using an exploratory approach,

Libby A Hattersley; Vanessa A Shrewsbury; Lesley A King; Sarah A Howlett; Louise L Hardy; Louise A Baur

2009-01-01

315

Autoethnographic Poems and Narrative Reflections: A Qualitative Study on the Death of a Companion Animal  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the meaning of the death of a companion animal through autoethnographic poetry in conjunction with narrative reflections. This method expands the depth and scope of poetry in qualitative research by transforming expressive works into both the subject and product of inquiry.

Furman, Rich

2005-01-01

316

Measuring the Value of Succession Planning and Management: A Qualitative Study of Multinational Companies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article proposes a model for planning and operating an effective succession planning and management (SP&M) program and measuring its value. The nature of the research is exploratory, following a qualitative approach using in-depth interviews. Representatives of multinational companies interviewed for this study revealed that succession…

Kim, Yeonsoo

2010-01-01

317

Training to Be a Volunteer Rape Crisis Counsellor: A Qualitative Study of Women's Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an account of a qualitative study designed to elicit and analyse the narratives of women who had trained to be volunteer counsellors at a Rape Crisis centre. Little prior research has focused on the experiences of workers in Rape Crisis centres and this project was designed to explore women's experiences in ways that were meaningful to…

Rath, Jean

2008-01-01

318

STEM Education Related Dissertation Abstracts: A Bounded Qualitative Meta-Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article utilizes a bounded qualitative meta-study framework to examine the 101 dissertation abstracts found by searching the ProQuest Dissertation and Theses[TM] digital database for dissertations abstracts from 1990 through 2010 using the search terms education, science, technology, engineer, and STEM/SMET. Professional search librarians…

Banning, James; Folkestad, James E.

2012-01-01

319

On Being Jewish: A Qualitative Study of Identity among British Jews in Emerging Adulthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a qualitative study of Jewish identity in emerging adults between ages 18 and 27, drawn from across the mainstream British Jewish community. Eighteen in-depth interviews were conducted using interpretative phenomenological analysis. The interviews covered three main areas, focusing on the participants' developmental history…

Sinclair, Jennifer; Milner, David

2005-01-01

320

Exploring Global Competence with Managers in India, Japan, and the Netherlands: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explores the meaning of global competence for global managers in three different countries. Thirty interviews were conducted with global managers in India, Japan and the Netherlands through Skype, an internet based software. Findings are reported by country in five major categories: country background, personal…

Ras, Gerard J. M.

2011-01-01

321

Rigor In Grounded Theory Research: An Interpretive Perspective on Generating Theory From Qualitative Field Studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter presents a set of principles for the use of Grounded Theory techniques in qualitative field studies. Some issues and controversies relating to rigor in Grounded Theory generation are discussed. These include: inductive theory generation and emergence, how theoretical saturation may be judged, the extent to which coding schemes should be formalized, the objectivist- subjectivist debate, and the assessment

Susan Gasson

322

Combining Qualitative Evaluation and Social Network Analysis for the Study of Classroom Social Interactions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studying and evaluating real experiences that promote active and collaborative learning is a crucial field in CSCL. Major issues that remain unsolved deal with the merging of qualitative and quantitative methods and data, especially in educational settings that involve both physical and computer-supported collaboration. In this paper we present a…

Martinez, A.; Dimitriadis, Y.; Rubia, B.; Gomez, E.; de la Fuente, P.

2003-01-01

323

Positive Life Experiences: A Qualitative, Cross-Sectional, Longitudinal Study of Gifted Graduates  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At the culmination of an 11-year qualitative, cross-sectional study of life events, 48 high-ability high school graduates fitting common stereotypes associated with giftedness completed an open-ended questionnaire, part of which focused on positive life experiences and sources of support. Findings included that intense investment in academics,…

Peterson, Jean Sunde; Canady, Kate; Duncan, Nancy

2012-01-01

324

Medical students' perceptions in relation to ethnicity and gender: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The British medical student population has undergone rapid diversification over the last decades. This study focuses on medical students' views about their experiences in relation to ethnicity and gender during their undergraduate training within the context of the hidden curriculum in one British medical school as part of a wider qualitative research project into undergraduate medical education. METHOD: We

Heidi Lempp; Clive Seale

2006-01-01

325

ON THE SAME TEAM? A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF FEMALE SPORTSWRITERS' ATTITUDES ON COVERING WOMEN'S ATHLETICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT On the Same Team? A Qualitative Study of Female Sportswriters’ Attitudes on Covering Women’s Athletics. (May 2008) Bryan Christopher Butler, B.S., Texas A&M University; M.S., Texas A&M University Chair of Advisory Committee: Dr. Michael Sagas Women’s athletics regularly receives less media coverage than men’s athletics,

BRYAN CHRISTOPHER BUTLER

326

Gender Differences in the Appraisal of Violent Crime Experiences: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

To help understand why women are at greater risk than men for developing adverse reactions to trauma, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), this study qualitatively explores differences and similarities in the way men and women cognitively appraise their experience as violent crime survivors. Findings reveal differences in the way men and women (1) view the event as traumatic or scary,

Catherine A. Simmons

2010-01-01

327

A Qualitative Study of School Social Workers' Clinical and Professional Relationships when Reporting Child Maltreatment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative study explored school social workers' relationships during instances of abuse and neglect reporting, focusing on reports made for children and adolescents already receiving school social work services. Although school social workers frequently file abuse and neglect reports, little is known about how they manage clinical and…

Chanmugam, Amy

2009-01-01

328

Lesbian, Gay, and Heterosexual Couples in Open Adoption Arrangements: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little research has attended to the role of gender and sexual orientation in shaping open adoption dynamics. This qualitative, longitudinal study of 45 adoptive couples (15 lesbian, 15 gay, and 15 heterosexual couples) examined adopters' motivations for open adoption, changes in attitudes about openness, and early relationship dynamics. Key…

Goldberg, Abbie E.; Kinkler, Lori A.; Richardson, Hannah B.; Downing, Jordan B.

2011-01-01

329

Ten Steps for Conceptualizing and Conducting Qualitative Research Studies in a Pragmatically Curious Manner  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a world of methodological pluralism and mixed-methods, qualitative researchers can take a pathway of pragmatic curiosity by exploring their research interests and the possible design and methodology choices to create studies that not only allow them to pursue their investigative curiosities, but also result in coherent and effective systems of…

Chenail, Ronald J.

2011-01-01

330

Qualitative study: Understanding Mexican American women's experience in intimate partner violence  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this qualitative study was to gain an understanding of the experiences of Mexican American women living with intimate partner abuse relevant to the process of disclosure of abuse. Limited research exists on the experiences of women who are of Mexican descent living with intimate partner abuse and their disclosure of abuse. Factors that influence disclosure for other

Nora Montalvo-Liendo

2009-01-01

331

Stories of Six Successful African American Males High School Students: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This qualitative, narrative study explored experiences of six successful African American male high school students. Findings suggested that barriers prior to high school were negative elements in the home and community. To be successful in high school, they overcame barriers of absent fathers, disruptive homes, negative community, and peers, and…

Land, A'Lesia; Mixon, Jason R.; Butcher, Jennifer; Harris, Sandra

2014-01-01

332

Fairy Godmothers and Guardian Angels: A Qualitative Study of the Gay Mentorship Relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

We conducted a qualitative study to explore the benefits of one gay male community resource, gay mentorship, particularly regarding sexual identity development. Findings indicate that gay mentorship is most involved in gay identity integration, and aided in supporting gay identity development, connecting men to gay-related resources, helping men to feel part of a gay community, improving management of gay-related stressors

Neal Sheran; Emily A. Arnold

2012-01-01

333

Implementation of case studies in undergraduate didactic nursing courses: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background The implementation of unfolding scenario-based case studies in the didactic classroom is associated with learner-centered education. The utilization of learner-centered pedagogies, such as case studies, removes the focus from the instructor and instead places it on the student. Learner-centered pedagogies are believed to improve students’ levels of cognition. The purpose of this study was to examine how nurse educators are implementing the pedagogies of case studies in their undergraduate didactic courses. The goal was to examine, document, report, and, ultimately, implement the strategies. Methods Purposeful sampling was utilized in this qualitative, multisite-designed study. For each of the four participants, three separate site visits were completed. Observations and post-observational interviews took place at each site visit. Transcribed data from interviews, observations, and course documents were imported into the computer program Nvivo8. Repetitive comparative analysis was utilized to complete the data coding process. Results The guiding research question of this study sought to investigate the implementation strategies of case studies in didactic nursing courses. The implementation of case studies by the participants reflected two primary patterns: Formal Implementation (FI) and Informal Implementation (II) of case studies. The FI of case studies was further divided into two subcategories: Formal Implementation of case studies used Inside the Classroom setting (FIIC) and Formal Implementation of cases studies used Outside of the Classroom (FIOC). Conclusion Results of this investigation have led to an increased understanding of implementation strategies of unfolding scenario-based case studies in undergraduate nursing didactic courses. Data collected were rich in the description of specific methodologies for utilization of case studies and may serve as a resource for faculty in development of creative strategies to enhance the didactic classroom experience. PMID:23826925

2013-01-01

334

An Empirical Review of Internet Addiction Outcome Studies in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objectives: The authors systematically reviewed the outcomes and methodological quality of 24 Internet addiction (IA) treatment outcome studies in China. Method: The authors used 15 attributes from the quality of evidence scores to evaluate 24 outcome studies. These studies came from both English and Chinese academic databases from 2000 to 2010.…

Liu, Chennan; Liao, Minli; Smith, Douglas C.

2012-01-01

335

Software project initiation and planning - an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a study of 14 software companies, on how they initiate and pre-plan software projects. The aim was to obtain an indication of the range of planning activities carried out. The study, using a convenience sample, was carried out using structured interviews, with questions about early software project planning activities. The study offers evidence that an iterative and

D. Greer; Reidar Conradi

2009-01-01

336

Empirical Methods for Studying Sex Bias in Achievement Test Items.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two studies were conducted of the effects of sex biased items on achievement test scores obtained by male and female college students. Sex bias was defined as a disproportionate number of references to one sex. Study I used 1,008 classroom test items. Items were classified as male sex referent, female sex referent, no sex referent (neutral), or…

Brown, F. G.; Moss, Jacque

337

An Empirical Study on Quantitative Modeling of Adversary's Knowledge  

E-print Network

-playing cyber game system for the user studies, where the participants take on the adversary role to launch ID theft attacks by answering challenge questions about a target. Our analysis is based on entropy

Ryder, Barbara G.

338

Dissociation, PTSD, and Substance Abuse: An Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have examined the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance use disorder (SUD) and dissociation. We studied 77 women with current PTSD and substance dependence, classified into high- versus low-dissociation on the Dissociative Experiences Scale. They were compared on trauma- and substance-related symptoms, cognitions, coping skills, social adjustment, trauma history, psychiatric symptoms, and self-harm\\/suicidal behaviors. We found the

Lisa Najavits; Marybeth Walsh

2011-01-01

339

Dissociation, PTSD, and Substance Abuse: An Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Few studies have examined the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), substance use disorder, and dissociation. We studied 77 women with current PTSD and substance dependence, classified into high- versus low-dissociation groups per the Dissociative Experiences Scale. They were compared on trauma- and substance-related symptoms, cognitions, coping skills, social adjustment, trauma history, psychiatric symptoms, and self-harm\\/suicidal behaviors. We found the

Lisa M. Najavits; Marybeth Walsh

2012-01-01

340

Shifting priorities in multimorbidity: a longitudinal qualitative study of patient’s prioritization of multiple conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To examine what influences self-management priorities for individuals with multiple long-term conditions and how this changes over time.Methods: A longitudinal qualitative study using semi-structured interviews completed with 21 participants with more than one chronic condition.Results: The study demonstrates the impact of multiple conditions on many aspects of people’s illness management. Narratives illuminated how individual’s condition priorities changed at pivotal

Rebecca L Morris; Caroline Sanders; Anne P Kennedy; Anne Rogers

2011-01-01

341

Information gaps for patients requiring craniotomy for benign brain lesion: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Doctor–patient communication in the setting of a life-threatening illness poses considerable challenges. This study aimed\\u000a to determine the information needs of a subset of neurosurgical patients. Qualitative case study methodology was used. Twenty-five\\u000a semi-structured interviews were conducted with ambulatory adult patients who had undergone surgery for a benign brain tumor,\\u000a arteriovenous malformation, or unruptured aneurysm. Interviews were digitally audio recorded

Linda Rozmovits; Kathleen Joy Khu; Soha Osman; Fred Gentili; Abhijit Guha; Mark Bernstein

2010-01-01

342

A meta-study of qualitative research examining stressor appraisals and coping among adolescents in sport  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main aim of this study was to create an integrated theoretical perspective of the qualitative adolescent sport stressor appraisal and coping literature. A secondary aim was to critique theoretical and methodological issues in the extant literature. Following database searches, 20 studies were retained for analysis. Meta-data, meta-theory, and meta-method analyses were conducted followed by a final meta-synthesis of findings.

Katherine A. Tamminen; Nicholas L. Holt

2010-01-01

343

Website Service Quality in Ireland: An Empirical Study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the fact that service quality is a critical determinant of website success, studies show that consumers frequently view the service quality delivered through websites as unsatisfactory. This paper outlines a study that investigated the dimensions of website service excellence valued by Irish customers of a small-to-medium enterprise specialising in gifts. The E-S-QUAL measurement instrument was applied to the customers who purchase products online from this retailer, in order to determine their purchasing patterns and the dimensions of e-service quality that they value. The results of this study indicate the effectiveness of the instrument in determining gaps in e-service quality. The findings will be of benefit both to practitioners and researchers seeking to improve their understanding of the factors that contribute towards the creation and maintenance of consumer satisfaction in Irish online transactions.

Connolly, Regina

344

The Empirical Study of Terrorism: Social and Legal Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social science research on terrorism has grown rapidly in recent years, aided by social and legal studies. In this review, we examine research on the causes of terrorism and the effectiveness of strategies for countering it. We define terrorism as the threatened or actual use of illegal force directed against civilian targets by nonstate actors in order to attain a

Gary LaFree; Gary Ackerman

2009-01-01

345

Research Compensation and Lottery: An Online Empirical Pilot Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recruiting participants for a research project can be challenging. Incentives, particularly monetary incentives, have been shown to increase response rates. Offering a monetary incentive for participation in a research study can become very costly for the investigators. For this reason some researchers, including graduate students involved in…

Zangeneh, Masood; Barmaki, Reza; Gibson-Wood, Hilary; Levitan, Michael-Jane; Romeo, Rosemary; Bottoms, Jennifer

2008-01-01

346

Evaluating legacy system migration technologies through empirical studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present two controlled experiments conducted with master students and practitioners and a case study conducted with practitioners to evaluate the use of MELIS (Migration Environment for Legacy Information Systems) for the migration of legacy COBOL programs to the web. MELIS has been developed as an Eclipse plug-in within a technology transfer project conducted with a small software company [16].

Massimo Colosimo; Andrea De Lucia; Giuseppe Scanniello; Genoveffa Tortora

2009-01-01

347

Analyzing the Decision to Get Flu Shot: An Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Influenza vaccination has been shown to be cost effective in reducing morbidity and mortality and in decreasing work absenteeism and use of health-care resources. The purpose of this study was to identify predictors and beliefs regarding people's vaccination decision against the influenza. It was hypothesized that Health Belief Model (HBM) categories, such as severity of illness, vaccine effectiveness and side

Yoshiro Tsutsui; Uri Benzion; Gregory Yom Din

2008-01-01

348

THOTH'S BENEDICTION: AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF KNOWLEDGE INTENSIVE SMALL FIRMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rohan and I had been exchanging e-mails daily for about a fortnight. The case study that Rohan had done for me had obviously got him excited. He had interviewed a firm in Pune at my request; and I myself had done two at Delhi. The similarities and differences were making us both analyze the situation from varied angles; however, we

Kshitij Chandra Jha; Sudhir K. Jain

349

Management Education Program Evaluation: An Empirical Study in Mainland China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: With the accession of the PRC to the WTO, Chinese education market is open to the educational service providers of the foreign countries. They are keen to offer MBA Degree programs to the Career Managers in the Mainland. Aims: This research studies program evaluation and so forth the quality assessment of a MBA degree program in the…

Sou, Gryphon; Zhou, Pinqiu

2007-01-01

350

An Empirical Study of Pronunciation Errors in French.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents results of a study that sought to test the pronunciation problems of a large number of American students in a beginning college-level French course. Learner difficulties over a 15-week period were used to create a hierarchy of minimal contrasts representing major, secondary, and minor problems for the students in learning French sounds.…

Walz, Joel

1980-01-01

351

The Depth and Breadth of Google Scholar: An Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The introduction of Google Scholar in November 2004 was accompanied by fanfare, skepticism, and numerous questions about the scope and coverage of this database. Nearly one year after its inception, many of these questions remain unanswered. This study compares the contents of 47 different databases with that of Google Scholar. Included in this investigation are tests for Google Scholar publication

Chris Neuhaus; Ellen Neuhaus; Alan Asher; Clint Wrede

2006-01-01

352

AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF DEFENSE MECHANISMS IN PANIC DISORDER  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Panic disorder is present in 2.9% of females and 1.3% of males in the Mexican urban population; about two thirds of these pa- tients have an associated depressive disorder. Genetics and psy- chosocial factors are intertwined in the etiology of this disorder. There are several studies related to the role of defense mecha- nisms in the pathogenesis of psychiatric

Enrique Chávez-León; María del Carmen; Lara Muñoz; Martha Patricia; Ontiveros Uribe

2006-01-01

353

Effect of Geographic Distance on Distance Education: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the effect of geographic distance on students' distance learning experience with the aim to provide tentative answers to a fundamental question--does geographic distance matter in distance education? Using educational outcome data collected from an online master's program in Geographic Information Systems, this…

Luo, Heng; Robinson, Anthony C.; Detwiler, Jim

2014-01-01

354

The Depth and Breadth of Google Scholar: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction of Google Scholar in November 2004 was accompanied by fanfare, skepticism, and numerous questions about the scope and coverage of this database. Nearly one year after its inception, many of these questions remain unanswered. This study compares the contents of 47 different databases with that of Google Scholar. Included in this…

Neuhaus, Chris; Neuhaus, Ellen; Asher, Alan; Wrede, Clint

2006-01-01

355

Perceptions of Corporate Social Responsibility in India: an Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the liberalization of economy, the corporate sector is making an increased effect on the rapidly transforming Indian society. The paper studies the perception of the Indian society on corporate social responsibility. The primary data has been generated by means of a structured questionnaire, administered to the selected sample in Northern India. The data has been analyzed with the help

Mahabir Narwal; Tejinder Sharma

356

Anxiety and female sexual functioning: An empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research regarding anxiety and female sexual functioning has yielded conflicting conclusions. This study examined the impact of state\\/trait anxiety and anxiety sensitivity on sexual responding and the propensity towards sexual inhibition\\/excitation in women without an anxiety disorder (n = 100, M age = 28.8) compared to women with an anxiety disorder (panic disorder or generalized anxiety disorder, n =

Davide Dèttore; Martina Pucciarelli; Emiliano Santarnecchi

2012-01-01

357

Similarity Attraction in Learning Contexts: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study tests a process model of learning in which trainer and trainee traits are simultaneously considered as endogenous variables of learning outcomes. The article builds on a social view of training and similarity-attraction paradigms. In this context, the authors hypothesize that trainer-trainee similarity in personality (agreeableness)…

Varela, Otmar E.; Cater, John James, III; Michel, Norbert

2011-01-01

358

Adult Attachment and Developmental Personality Styles: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current study was designed to test specific hypotheses associated with W. J. Lyddon and A. Sherry's (2001) attachment theory model of developmental personality styles. More specifically, 4 adult attachment dimensions were correlated with 10 personality scales on the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (T. Millon, R. Davis, & C. Millon,…

Sherry, Alissa; Lyddon, William J.; Henson, Robin K.

2007-01-01

359

Creativity and Tolerance of Ambiguity: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the relationship between creativity and tolerance of ambiguity. Participants were parents and their adolescent children. Three measures of creativity were used: a divergent thinking task, a story-writing task and self-evaluation of creative attitudes and behavior. Participants completed two self-report measures of tolerance of…

Zenasni, Franck; Besancon, Maud; Lubart, Todd

2008-01-01

360

Factors Affecting Softlifting Intention of Computing Students: An Empirical Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses softlifting as a form of software piracy and describes a study that analyzed the softlifting intentions of computing students in Brunei Darussalam. Considers student attitudes; gender; family income; personal computer ownership; experience; faculty remarks; institutional monitoring; and implications for attempts to curb software piracy.…

Rahim, Md. Mahbubur; Seyal, Afzaal H.; Rahman, Mohd. Noah Abd.

2001-01-01

361

Children's comprehension of electronic books: On empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to investigate the effect of the electronic medium on comprehension and reading speed, a study of user interaction with electronic books was carried out comparing children reading an electronic book with children reading the same text in two different printed versions. The children were aged 9–11 years and were matched according to both gender and reading ability. The

Sally Maynard; Cliff McKnight

2001-01-01

362

An Empirical Study of Graduate Student Mobility Underpinning Research Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The issue of international student mobility has had a profound effect on policy decision-making in the higher education system of essentially every country; however, the statistical data on this subject are insufficient, especially for graduate students. The purposes of this study are to substantiate the state of international mobility among…

Furukawa, Takao; Shirakawa, Nobuyuki; Okuwada, Kumi

2013-01-01

363

Empirical Studies of Adolescent Sexual Behavior: A Critical Review.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of 20 United States studies of adolescent sexual behavior was undertaken to integrate data accumulated over the past three decades. Several methodological incongruities made comparisons difficult, so suggestions are made for future research. Available data suggest a gradual evolution, not a revolution, in adolescent sexual behavior.…

Diepold, John, Jr.; Young, Richard David

1979-01-01

364

Exploring and encouraging through social interaction: a qualitative study of nurses' participation in self-help groups for cancer patients.  

PubMed

Self-help groups are a growing phenomenon across national borders. Current sociologic empirical evidence shows that nurses and other healthcare professionals have become an integral part of self-help groups. The aim of the study is to describe and highlight the experiences of patients with cancer (n = 21) and oncology nurses (n = 12) with self-help groups. These experiences are drawn on to illustrate the characteristics of professional involvement in self-help groups for patients with cancer. Data were obtained by individual qualitative interviews. The results show that the nurse functions as a social networker and uses her contextual competence by consciously encouraging relationships between fellow patients. Furthermore, the study illustrates that the nurse's involvement with self-help groups for patients with cancer serves as a complementary dimension to the traditional nursing discourse. It is concluded that when individualized care is supported through social practice and when personal issues are exchanged and negotiated, the nurse facilitates a milieu of togetherness in self-help groups for patients with cancer. The concept of self-help groups is a valuable contribution to new theories and service development in psychosocial care and complies with the understanding of the postmodern individual, who viewed as primarily responsible for negotiating, socializing, and making his or her own decisions. PMID:12556710

Adamsen, Lis; Rasmussen, Julie Midtgaard

2003-02-01

365

The views of doctors on their working lives: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Summary Objective To describe doctors' views on, and responses to, their professional working lives in the UK National Health Service (NHS). Design Qualitative study using semi structured interviews. Setting Two district hospitals and primary care settings in the North of England. Participants Fifty-two doctors participated in the study – 47 worked in hospital and five worked in general practice. Main outcome measures Qualitative information regarding doctors' views on their working lives. Results The study provided insights into the views of their working lives of a sample of doctors in the NHS. Feelings they articulated contained a number of ambivalences. Feelings about the future were coloured by concerns about the impact of regulatory changes and processes of modernization on the experiential knowledge of doctors. Conclusions These insights into doctors' views of their working lives might usefully inform those involved in the planning and overseeing of changes to health service structures and systems. PMID:19092029

Watt, Ian; Nettleton, Sarah; Burrows, Roger

2008-01-01

366

A Formulative and Empirical Study of Black Families. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research study on the black family was based on the position that black culture in the U.S. is the result of a special admixture of the continuation of an African world-view or cultural perspective which operates within the perspective of an Anglo-American world-view. Because this research is guided by this position, it is viewed as a…

Nobles, Wade; And Others

367

An empirical study on the maintenance of source code clones  

Microsoft Academic Search

Code cloning has been very often indicated as a bad software development practice. However, many studies appearing in the\\u000a literature indicate that this is not always the case. In fact, either changes occurring in cloned code are consistently propagated,\\u000a or cloning is used as a sort of templating strategy, where cloned source code fragments evolve independently. This paper (a)\\u000a proposes

Suresh Thummalapenta; Luigi Cerulo; Lerina Aversano; Massimiliano Di Penta

2010-01-01

368

Internet Gambling: An Online Empirical Study Among Student Gamblers  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been noted that the introduction of the Internet to gambling activities may change some of the fundamental situational\\u000a and structural characteristics and make them potentially more addictive and\\/or problematic. This study examined some of the\\u000a differences between Internet gamblers and non-Internet gamblers. Based on past literature it was hypothesised that (1) males\\u000a would be significantly more likely to

Mark Griffiths; Andrew Barnes

2008-01-01

369

Portuguese validation of the Internet Addiction Test: An empirical study  

PubMed Central

Background and aims: Research into Internet addiction (IA) has increased greatly over the last decade. Despite its various definitions and general lack of consensus regarding its conceptualisation amongst researchers, instruments for measuring this phenomenon have proliferated in a number of countries. There has been little research on IA in Portugal and this may be partly due to the absence of standardised measurement tools for assessing IA. Methods: This study attempted to address this issue by adapting a Portuguese version of the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) via a translation-back translation process and Confirmatory Factor Analysis in a sample of 593 Portuguese students that completed a Portuguese version of the IAT along with questions related to socio-demographic variables. Results: The findings suggested that the IAT appears to be a valid and reliable instrument for measuring IA among Portuguese young adults as demonstrated by its satisfactory psychometric properties. However, the present findings also suggest the need to reword and update some of the IAT’s items. Prevalence of IA found in the sample was 1.2% and is discussed alongside findings relating to socio-demographic correlates. Limitations and implications of the present study are also discussed. Conclusions: The present study calls for a reflection of the IAT while also contributing to a better understanding of the basic aspects of IA in the Portuguese community since many health practitioners are starting to realise that Internet use may pose a risk for some individuals. PMID:25215221

PONTES, HALLEY M.; PATRAO, IVONE M.; GRIFFITHS, MARK D.

2014-01-01

370

An empirical study of economies of scope in home healthcare.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To apply the economic theory of economies of scope to the home healthcare industry. DATA SOURCES: Data on 488 observations obtained from the Cost Report (HCFA Form 1728-86) of all Connecticut state-licensed, Medicare-certified home health agencies. STUDY DESIGN: The Cost Report was the primary source of data for this study. Information on total cost, scope, and other related factors was collected. Logarithmic and nonlinear regression analyses were used to identify factors related to scope and also to test for economies of scope. DATA COLLECTION METHOD: Data collected were both cross-sectional and time series (from 1988-1992). Data accuracy was verified using description of frequencies, measures of central tendency and variation, and a calculation package so that a computer calculation on the data could be compared with the agency's calculation. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: It was determined that initially as scope increases, costs go down, thus proving economies of scope. For larger values of scope, it was determined that costs go up, proving diseconomies of scope. CONCLUSIONS: Many of the home health agencies included in this study provide more services than is cost effective given the economic theory of economies of scope. PMID:9240283

Gonzales, T I

1997-01-01

371

Ontogeny of dreaming: a review of empirical studies.  

PubMed

The examination of children's sleep-related mental experiences presents many significant challenges for researchers investigating the developmental trajectories of human dreaming. In contrast to the well-explored developmental patterns of human sleep, data from dream research are strikingly divergent with highly ambiguous results and conclusions, even though there is plenty of indirect evidence suggesting parallel patterns of development between neural maturation and dreaming. Thus results from studies of children's dreaming are of essential importance not only to enlighten us on the nature and role of dreaming but to also add to our knowledge of consciousness and cognitive and emotional development. This review summarizes research results related to the ontogeny of dreaming: we critically reconsider the field, systematically compare the findings based on different methodologies, and highlight the advantages and disadvantages of methods, arguing in favor of methodological pluralism. Since most contradictory results emerge in connection with descriptive as well as content related characteristics of young children's dreams, we emphasize the importance of carefully selected dream collection methods. In contrast nightmare-related studies yield surprisingly convergent results, thus providing strong basis for inferences about the connections between dreaming and cognitive emotional functioning. Potential directions for dream research are discussed, aiming to explore the as yet unraveled correlations between the maturation of neural organization, sleep architecture and dreaming patterns. PMID:24629827

Sándor, Piroska; Szakadát, Sára; Bódizs, Róbert

2014-10-01

372

Adapting Linux for Mobile Platforms: An Empirical Study of Android Foutse Khomh, Hao Yuan, Ying Zou  

E-print Network

Adapting Linux for Mobile Platforms: An Empirical Study of Android Foutse Khomh, Hao Yuan, Ying Zou.e., Android). The Android mobile operating system has become one of the most popular adaptations of the Linux kernel with approximately 60 millions new mobile devices running Android each year. Despite many studies

Zou, Ying

373

An Empirical Study of the Joint Space Inertia Matrix Roy Featherstone  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study of the Joint Space Inertia Matrix Roy Featherstone Department of Systems-space inertia matrix of a robot mechanism can be highly ill-conditioned. This phenomenon is not merely study of the eigenvalues, eigenvectors and condition number of the joint-space inertia matrix

Featherstone, Roy

374

The Effects of Collaboration and System Transparency on CIVE Usage: An Empirical Study and Model  

E-print Network

protocols that groups develop. Third, user studies enable theories to be constructed on how people utilize of solution in using an information visualization system? Does result quality differ between groups and Alfred Kobsa Abstract We present an empirical study in which we investigated group vs. individual

Kobsa, Alfred

375

Sibling conflict in a single-parent family: An empirical case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Rivalry and conflict among siblings are common problems that affect many contemporary families. This article presents an empirical case study of sibling conflict in a single-parent family. A theoretical perspective on sibling conflict is presented as well as the treatment plan employed and the results derived therefrom. As is standard for intensive, single case study research, the data were subjected

F. Donald Kelly; Frank O. Main

1979-01-01

376

A systematic review of empirical software engineering studies that analyze individual changes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding, managing and reducing costs and risks inherent in change are key challenges of software maintenance and evolution, addressed in empirical studies with many different research approaches. Change-based studies analyze data that describes the individual changes that are made to software systems. This approach can be effective in order to discover cost and risk factors that are hidden at more

Hans Christian; Bente Anda; Erik Arisholm

2008-01-01

377

An Empirical Study of Epidemic Algorithms in Large Scale Multihop Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new class of networked systems is emerging that involve very large numbers of small, low-power, wireless devices. We present findings from a large scale empirical study involving over 150 such nodes operated at various transmission power settings. The study reveals that even a simple epidemic protocol, flooding, can exhibit surprising complexity at scale. The instrumentation in our experiments permits

Deepak Ganesan; Bhaskar Krishnamachari; Alec Woo; David Culler; Deborah Estrin; Stephen Wicker

2002-01-01

378

Empirical studies of agile software development: A systematic review Tore Dyba *, Torgeir Dingsyr  

E-print Network

on agile methods, and comparative studies. The review investigates what is currently known about the benefits and limitations of, and the strength of evidence for, agile methods. Implications for researchEmpirical studies of agile software development: A systematic review Tore Dyba° *, Torgeir Dingsøyr

379

HRD Learning Participation: An Empirical Study of E-Learning Completion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study offers empirical evidence in HRD e-learning completion. Based on the Learning Participation Theory (LPT) (Wang & Wang, 2004), a study was conducted with U.S. corporate e-learners to explore the determinants of e-learning completion. The results generally confirmed the hypothesis by the LPT that individual, learning process, and…

Wang, Greg G.; Foucar-Szocki, Diane; Griffin, Oris

2006-01-01

380

Roughness-reflectance relationship of bare desert terrain: An empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the bidirectional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) in relation to surface roughness properties was conducted in arid land near Fowlers Gap Research Station, New South Wales, Australia. Such empirical study is necessary for investigating the possibility of determining terrain geomorphological parameters from bidirectional reflectance data. A new apparatus was developed to take accurate hemispherical directions radiance measurements (HDRM).

M SHOSHANY

1993-01-01

381

An Empirical Study of Communication between Teachers and Students in Colleges and Universities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As an empirical study based on multiple linear regression analysis of the investigation data, this paper studies the communication between teachers and students in universities. It reveals that the interaction between university teachers and students promotes the personal development of college students. For some reason, however, a rather low…

Tingyong, Zhou; Zuoyu, Zhou

2006-01-01

382

Empirical study of air quality in Barreiro city  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main objective of the work is to study the impact of air pollution on children's health in Portugal and more specifically in the city of Barreiro. We use the suitability of general linear methods (GLM) as a tool to estimate a model which relates air qualityand health. With detail, this relationship is investigated for the case of the effects of small particles on health. It was difficult to find clear and unambiguous correlations in particle dispersion, air quality and health. After a previous treatment of data, the models are estimated and validated by GLM. At the end of this process, the best models are selected using validation tests and residual analysis. The results are promising but some work using different statistical methods is ongoing.

Garcia, J. N.; Teodoroa, M. F.; Coelho, L. M.; Carvalho, M. G.

2014-10-01

383

ADVANCING THE STUDY OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN USING MIXED METHODS: INTEGRATING QUALITATIVE METHODS INTO A QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH PROGRAM  

PubMed Central

A mixed methods approach, combining quantitative with qualitative data methods and analysis, offers a promising means of advancing the study of violence. Integrating semi-structured interviews and qualitative analysis into a quantitative program of research on women’s sexual victimization has resulted in valuable scientific insight and generation of novel hypotheses for testing. This mixed methods approach is described and recommendations for integrating qualitative data into quantitative research are provided. PMID:21307032

Testa, Maria; Livingston, Jennifer A.; VanZile-Tamsen, Carol

2011-01-01

384

Critical care nurses' perception of nursing error and its causes: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

Nurses' perceptions of nursing error could affect their professional practice. The aim of the study was to explore critical care nurses' perceptions of nursing error and its causes. This was a qualitative study in which 12 critical care nurses were recruited through purposive sampling. The data were collected via in-depth interviews and analyzed through qualitative content analysis method (Elo & Kyngäs, 2008). Nursing error was deemed as an unavoidable issue which consisted of the lack of congruence with standards, doing extra-nursing tasks and giving care against the agreed-upon routines. Five categories emerged as the causes of error: individual reasons, work pressure, caring blindly, the uniqueness of caring environment and the lack of coordination among health care team members. The perception of nursing error is sort of unique; hence, managers should provide support for critical care nurses and pave the way for the prevention of errors. PMID:24787254

Valiee, Sina; Peyrovi, Hamid; Nasrabadi, Alireza Nikbakht

2014-02-01

385

Conceptualization of children's interpersonal relatedness with the Rorschach: a qualitative multiple case study.  

PubMed

In this in-depth, qualitative, multiple case study, we examined Rorschach data as they relate to the interpersonal behavior, experience, and perceptions of an individual. In this study, we addressed the following question: How are the correspondences between Rorschach variables and children's interpersonal behavior revealed? We conducted an examination of the Rorschach variables and criterion data regarding the children's interpersonal functioning through a qualitative analysis of 6 nonpatient girls between the ages of 8 and 11 years old. The results reveal individualized correspondences between Rorschach variables and interpersonal functioning in which some variables proved more fruitful in describing expressed interpersonal behavior than others. Specifically, the variables utilizing human images, such as the HRV and the thematic descriptions, corresponded most highly to real life interpersonal behavior. PMID:20706924

Rivera, Bridget A; Viglione, Donald J

2010-09-01

386

The adoption of mobile health management services: an empirical study.  

PubMed

As their populations age, many countries are facing the increasing economic pressure of providing healthcare to their people. In Taiwan, this problem is exacerbated by an increasing rate of obesity and obesity-related conditions. Encouraging the adoption of personal health management services is one way to maintain current levels of personal health and to efficiently manage the distribution of healthcare resources. This study introduces Mobile Health Management Services (MHMS) and employs the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) to explore the intention of students in Executive Master of Business Management programs to adopt mobile health management technology. Partial least squares (PLS) was used to analyze the collected data, and the results revealed that "perceived usefulness" and "attitude" significantly affected the behavioral intention of adopting MHMS. Both "perceived ease of use" and "perceived usefulness," significantly affected "attitude," and "perceived ease of use" significantly affected "perceived usefulness" as well. The results also show that the determinants of intention toward MHMS differed with age; young adults had higher intention to adopt MHMS to manage their personal health. Therefore, relevant governmental agencies may profitably promote the management of personal health among this population. Successful promotion of personal health management will contribute to increases in both the level of general health and the efficient management of healthcare resources. PMID:20878452

Hung, Ming-Chien; Jen, Wen-Yuan

2012-06-01

387

An Empirical Study of Different Approaches for Protein Classification  

PubMed Central

Many domains would benefit from reliable and efficient systems for automatic protein classification. An area of particular interest in recent studies on automatic protein classification is the exploration of new methods for extracting features from a protein that work well for specific problems. These methods, however, are not generalizable and have proven useful in only a few domains. Our goal is to evaluate several feature extraction approaches for representing proteins by testing them across multiple datasets. Different types of protein representations are evaluated: those starting from the position specific scoring matrix of the proteins (PSSM), those derived from the amino-acid sequence, two matrix representations, and features taken from the 3D tertiary structure of the protein. We also test new variants of proteins descriptors. We develop our system experimentally by comparing and combining different descriptors taken from the protein representations. Each descriptor is used to train a separate support vector machine (SVM), and the results are combined by sum rule. Some stand-alone descriptors work well on some datasets but not on others. Through fusion, the different descriptors provide a performance that works well across all tested datasets, in some cases performing better than the state-of-the-art. PMID:25028675

Nanni, Loris

2014-01-01

388

Empirical Study of Simulated Two-planet Microlensing Events  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We undertake the first study of two-planet microlensing models recovered from simulations of microlensing events generated by realistic multiplanet systems in which 292 planetary events, including 16 two-planet events, were detected from 6690 simulated light curves. We find that when two planets are recovered, their parameters are usually close to those of the two planets in the system most responsible for the perturbations. However, in 1 of the 16 examples, the apparent mass of both detected planets was more than doubled by the unmodeled influence of a third, massive planet. This fraction is larger than but statistically consistent with the roughly 1.5% rate of serious mass errors due to unmodeled planetary companions for the 274 cases from the same simulation in which a single planet is recovered. We conjecture that an analogous effect due to unmodeled stellar companions may occur more frequently. For 7 out of 23 cases in which two planets in the system would have been detected separately, only one planet was recovered because the perturbations due to the two planets had similar forms. This is a small fraction (7/274) of all recovered single-planet models, but almost a third of all events that might plausibly have led to two-planet models. Still, in these cases, the recovered planet tends to have parameters similar to one of the two real planets most responsible for the anomaly.

Zhu, Wei; Gould, Andrew; Penny, Matthew; Mao, Shude; Gendron, Rieul

2014-10-01

389

Evaluation of Evaluation Studies Using Qualitative Research Methods in the Social Work Literature (1990-2003): Evidence that Constitutes a Wake-Up Call  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This study examines the quality of evaluation studies using qualitative research methods in the social work literature in terms of a number of criteria commonly adopted in the field of qualitative research. Method: Using qualitative and evaluation as search terms, relevant qualitative evaluation studies from 1990 to 2003 indexed by…

Shek, Daniel T. L.; Tang, Vera M. Y.; Han, X. Y.

2005-01-01

390

A Qualitative Study of Culture and Persuasion in a Smoking Cessation Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

To explore the issue of culture in persuasive technology, we identified strategies distinguishing individualist or collectivist\\u000a audiences, and developed two versions of a prototype game. In this paper we report on a qualitative study of this game. The\\u000a game concerned smoking cessation, and was set in a New Zealand context, where one version was designed for individualist New\\u000a Zealand Europeans,

Rilla Khaled; Ronald Fischer; James Noble; Robert Biddle

2008-01-01

391

A qualitative study of mother-adolescent daughter-vicarious role model consumption interactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purposes of this research are to examine the extent to which daughters view their mothers as consumption role models, the extent to which daughters serve as consumption role models for their mothers, and the extent to which external role models are shared by mothers and their adolescent daughters. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Two qualitative studies focused on mothers-adolescent daughters-vicarious

Yossi Gavish; Aviv Shoham; Ayalla Ruvio

2010-01-01

392

Patients' and Practitioners' Views of Knee Osteoarthritis and Its Management: A Qualitative Interview Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeTo identify the views of patients and care providers regarding the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA) and to reveal potential obstacles to improving health care strategies.MethodsWe performed a qualitative study based on semi-structured interviews of a stratified sample of 81 patients (59 women) and 29 practitioners (8 women, 11 general practitioners [GPs], 6 rheumatologists, 4 orthopedic surgeons, and 8 [4

Sophie Alami; Isabelle Boutron; Dominique Desjeux; Monique Hirschhorn; Gwendoline Meric; François Rannou; Serge Poiraudeau; Ulrich Thiem

2011-01-01

393

The Effects of September 11 on Muslim Families in California: A Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the impact of September 11 on Muslim families in Southern California. The researchers employed a grounded-theory influenced qualitative analysis to a series of open-ended question presented to120 Muslim participants. The findings reflect the immediate emotions experienced directly after the terrorist attacks, opinions regarding the longer-term impact on a range of age groups, as well as suggestions about

Ian Chand; Sandy Moghadam; Mark Morton; Scott Johnson

394

Obstacles to answering doctors' questions about patient care with evidence: qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

AbstractObjective: To describe the obstacles encountered when attempting to answer doctors' questions with evidence.Design: Qualitative study.Setting: General practices in Iowa.Participants: 9 academic generalist doctors, 14 family doctors, and 2 medical librarians.Main outcome measure: A taxonomy of obstacles encountered while searching for evidence based answers to doctors' questions.Results: 59 obstacles were encountered and organised according to the five steps in asking

John W Ely; Jerome A Osheroff; Mark H Ebell; M Lee Chambliss; Daniel C Vinson; James J Stevermer; Eric A Pifer

2002-01-01

395

Evidence-based medicine in primary care: qualitative study of family physicians  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: The objectives of this study were: a) to examine physician attitudes to and experience of the practice of evidence-based medicine (EBM) in primary care; b) to investigate the influence of patient preferences on clinical decision-making; and c) to explore the role of intuition in family practice. Method: Qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews of 15 family physicians purposively selected from

C Shawn Tracy; Guilherme Coelho Dantas; Ross EG Upshur

2003-01-01

396

The relevance of oral health for attenders and non-attenders: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Low expectations of health mean that oral health becomes a low priority for some people, an appreciation of which would help dentists when a non-attender does come to the surgery.Objective To provide an insight into why oral health is not important to some people and how this attitude might hinder access to dental care.Method In this qualitative study, purposive

J. Gregory; B. Gibson; P. G. Robinson

2007-01-01

397

Racial differences in attitudes regarding cardiovascular disease prevention and treatment: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to explore coronary heart disease (CHD) health care experiences and beliefs of African-American and white patients to elicit potential causes of racial disparities in CHD outcomes. Twenty-four patients (14 white, 10 African-American) with established CHD participated in one of four focus groups. Using qualitative methods, verbatim transcripts of the groups were analyzed by independent

LeChauncy D. Woodard; Marie T. Hernandez; Emily Lees; Laura A. Petersen

2005-01-01

398

Beyond the body image: a qualitative study on how adults experience lower limb amputation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To explore adults’ experiences of lower limb amputation, focusing on the changes in self-identity related to the impairment.Design: A cross-sectional and qualitative study, using semi-structured interviews. Interviews were transcribed, coded and analysed by two independent researchers.Setting: A rehabilitation medicine service from a general public hospital.Participants: A convenience sample of 42 patients with lower limb amputation performed after the age

Hugo Senra; Rui Aragão Oliveira; Isabel Leal; Cristina Vieira

2012-01-01

399

Investigating the ways that older people cope with dementia: A qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the way that older people cope with dementia has important implications for the enhancement of the psychological well-being and quality of life of this group of people. This qualitative study explored how older people cope with dementia, by engaging 12 people with early-stage dementia in semi-structured interviews. Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was used to identify the shared themes in

Laura Preston; Ann Marshall; Romola S. Bucks

2007-01-01

400

The experience of adoptive parents in adoption reunion relationships: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

The issues experienced by adoptive parents when faced with an adult child's searching or reunion relationship with his or her birth family, how adoptive parents place themselves within this process, and the factors that influence their experience at this time were explored in a qualitative study of 21 adoptive parents. Themes derived from semistructured interviews are discussed, and implications for clinical practice and future research are suggested. PMID:15839760

Petta, Gabrielle A; Steed, Lyndall G

2005-04-01

401

Qualitative Study of Suicidality and Help-Seeking Behaviors in African American Adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

This qualitative study explores adolescents’ perceptions of help-seeking behaviors in the context of a hypothetical suicide\\u000a crisis. Cauce and colleague’s (2002, Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 70, 44–55) model was used to examine help-seeking behaviors in 3 domains: problem recognition, decision to seek help, and selection\\u000a of helpers. Forty-two church-going African American adolescents participated in 1 of 6 focus

Sherry Davis Molock; Crystal Barksdale; Samantha Matlin; Rupa Puri; Nicole Cammack; Marisa Spann

2007-01-01

402

Physician Practices in Response to Intimate Partner Violence in Southern India: Insights from a Qualitative Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care providers in India are often the only institutional contact for women experiencing intimate partner violence, a pervasive public health problem with adverse health outcomes. This qualitative study was among the first to examine Indian primary care physicians' intimate partner violence practices. Between July 2007 and January 2008, 30 in-depth interviews were conducted with physicians serving low-to-middle income women

Karuna Sridharan Chibber; Suneeta Krishnan; Meredith Minkler

2011-01-01

403

Patients’ perceptions of the side-effects of prostate cancer treatment—A qualitative interview study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary prostate cancer treatment often results in suboptimal urinary, bowel and\\/or sexual function. These effects are not inevitable. After treatment patients typically report high health related quality of life (QoL) scores. This discrepancy between disease-specific and generic results raises the question which meaning side effects actually have to patients. In a qualitative study we explored two mechanisms which could possibly

Ida Joanna Korfage; Tony Hak; Harry J. de Koning; Marie-Louise Essink-Bot

2006-01-01

404

Factors influencing exercise participation by older adults requiring chronic hemodialysis: a qualitative study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite the recognized health and psychosocial benefits of exercise for older adults with end-stage renal disease (ESRD),\\u000a exercise participation remains poor. Previous research has attributed low levels of exercise to patient-related factors such\\u000a as lack of motivation and fear of adverse consequences. This qualitative study involving focus group discussions with hemodialysis\\u000a patients, nephrology nurses, and family care providers explored specific

Pia C. Kontos; Karen-Lee Miller; Dina Brooks; Sarbjit Vanita Jassal; Lily Spanjevic; Gerald Michael Devins; Mary Jane De Souza; Carol Heck; Judith Laprade; Gary Naglie

2007-01-01

405

The offence process of sex offenders with intellectual disabilities: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

There have been few attempts to build a model of sexual offending for men with intellectual disabilities and hence clarify appropriate intervention. This study examines any commonalities that characterize the offence process of such men. Using a grounded theory approach, qualitative interviews with sex offenders with intellectual disabilities are analyzed to generate a model of the offence process. Data from qualitative interviews with clinicians is used to triangulate offender participants' data. The subsequent model highlights the importance of individual's attitudes and beliefs and the impact that they have at all stages of the offence process. It raises issues concerning the variation in the process that is seen within and between offences. Additionally, it identifies a marked lack of awareness of any "decency insult" in these offenders, an inability to empathize with society's view of sex offending. A clear implication is that thorough assessment and formulation are likely to be the key to successful and appropriate intervention. PMID:16944326

Courtney, Jude; Rose, John; Mason, Oliver

2006-04-01

406

Disclosure of child sexual abuse by adolescents: a qualitative in-depth study.  

PubMed

This qualitative study aimed to study the process of disclosure by examining adolescents from the general population who had experienced child sexual abuse (CSA). Twenty-six sexually victimized adolescents (23 girls, 3 boys; age: 15-18 years) participated in a qualitative face-to-face in-depth interview on different aspects of disclosure. A qualitative content analysis was conducted following Mayring and using the qualitative data analysis program Atlas.ti. In addition, quantitative correlation analyses were calculated to identify factors associated with disclosure. Less than one third of participants immediately disclosed CSA to another person. In most cases, recipients of both immediate and delayed disclosure were peers. More than one third of participants had never disclosed the abuse to a parent. Main motives for nondisclosure to parents were lack of trust or not wanting to burden the parents. Factors that correlated positively with disclosure were extrafamilial CSA, single CSA, age of victim at CSA, and having parents who were still living together. Negative associations with disclosure were found for feelings of guilt and shame and the perpetrator's age. Many adolescent survivors of CSA have serious concerns about disclosure to their parents and consider friends as more reliable confidants. These findings have two main implications for prevention: (1) In order to facilitate disclosure to parents, the strengthening of the child-parent relationship should be given specific attention in prevention programs, and (2) prevention programs should aim at teaching adolescents how they can help a victim if they become a recipient of disclosure. PMID:22821848

Schönbucher, Verena; Maier, Thomas; Mohler-Kuo, Meichun; Schnyder, Ulrich; Landolt, Markus A

2012-11-01

407

Developing psychotherapists' competence through clinical supervision: protocol for a qualitative study of supervisory dyads  

PubMed Central

Background Mental health professionals face unique demands and stressors in their work, resulting in high rates of burnout and distress. Clinical supervision is a widely adopted and valued mechanism of professional support, development, and accountability, despite the very limited evidence of specific impacts on therapist or client outcomes. The current study aims to address this by exploring how psychotherapists develop competence through clinical supervision and what impact this has on the supervisees’ practice and their clients’ outcomes. This paper provides a rationale for the study and describes the protocol for an in-depth qualitative study of supervisory dyads, highlighting how it addresses gaps in the literature. Methods/Design The study of 16–20 supervisor-supervisee dyads uses a qualitative mixed method design, with two phases. In phase one, supervisors who are nominated as expert by their peers are interviewed about their supervision practice. In phase two, supervisors record a supervision session with a consenting supervisee; interpersonal process recall interviews are conducted separately with supervisor and supervisee to reflect in depth on the teaching and learning processes occurring. All interviews will be transcribed, coded and analysed to identify the processes that build competence, using a modified form of Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR) strategies. Using a theory-building case study method, data from both phases of the study will be integrated to develop a model describing the processes that build competence and support wellbeing in practising psychotherapists, reflecting the accumulated wisdom of the expert supervisors. Discussion The study addresses past study limitations by examining expert supervisors and their supervisory interactions, by reflecting on actual supervision sessions, and by using dyadic analysis of the supervisory pairs. The study findings will inform the development of future supervision training and practice and identify fruitful avenues for future research. PMID:23298408

2013-01-01

408

An Empirical Study of the Fault-Proneness of Clone Mutation and Clone Migration  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study of the Fault-Proneness of Clone Mutation and Clone Migration Shuai Xie1, Foutse of the type of a clone during the evolution of a system, and the migration of clone segments across the repositories of a software system. Results show that 1) mutation and migration occur frequently in software

Zou, Ying

409

An Empirical Study of Adoption of Software Testing in Open Source Projects Pavneet Singh Kochhar1  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study of Adoption of Software Testing in Open Source Projects Pavneet Singh Kochhar1@smu.edu.sg, lxjiang@smu.edu.sg Abstract--Testing is an indispensable part of software de- velopment efforts. It helps-trivial software projects and explore the correlation of test cases with various project development

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

410

A semi-empirical molecular orbital study of freestanding and fullerene-encapsulated Mo nanoclusters  

E-print Network

A semi-empirical molecular orbital study of freestanding and fullerene-encapsulated Mo nanoclusters as implemented in the VAMP module of Materials Studiow , of both freestanding and fullerene by opening of hexagon­hexagon (6­6) carbon bonds that lead eventually to a splitting open of the fullerene

Elliott, James

411

An Empirical Study of Coaching Patrick Riley, Manuela Veloso, and Gal Kaminka ?  

E-print Network

coaching in adversarial domains consists of providing advice to distributed players to help the team empirical study of coaching in simulated robotic soccer. We can view our coach as a special agent in our a recently developed universal coach language for simulated robotic soccer with a set of pre- de#12;ned

Kaminka, Gal A.

412

Project Knowledge Management Organizational Design and Success Factors - An Empirical Study in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The efficient and effective management of projects is a key success factor for many organizations. Empirical studies indicate that systematic know-how transfer from, between and within projects has significant impact on the success of projects. However, the role of knowledge management in projects has been insufficiently investigated. This research aims at spotting the status quo and causalities of project knowledge

Patricia Frey; Frank Lindner; Ana Müller; Andreas Wald

2009-01-01

413

Diagnosing Self-Efficacy in Intelligent Tutoring Systems: An Empirical Study  

E-print Network

Diagnosing Self-Efficacy in Intelligent Tutoring Systems: An Empirical Study Scott W. Mc {swmcquig, lester}@ncsu.edu Abstract. Self-efficacy is an individual's belief about her ability to perform well in a given situation. Because self-efficacious students are effective learners, endowing

Young, R. Michael

414

What Should Developers Be Aware Of? An Empirical Study on the Directives of API Documentation  

E-print Network

What Should Developers Be Aware Of? An Empirical Study on the Directives of API Documentation (API) are exposed to developers in order to reuse soft- ware libraries. API directives are natural-language statements in API documentation that make developers aware of constraints and guidelines related to the usage

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

415

An Empirical Study on Evolution of API Documentation , Hao Zhong1  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study on Evolution of API Documentation Lin Shi1 , Hao Zhong1 , Tao Xie3 , and Mingshu,zhonghao}@itechs.iscas.ac.cn, xie@csc.ncsu.edu, mingshu@iscas.ac.cn Abstract. With the evolution of an API library, its documentation also evolves. The evolution of API documentation is common knowledge for programmers and library

Xie, Tao

416

An Empirical Study of Hear-Through Augmented Reality: Using Bone Conduction to Deliver Spatialized Audio  

E-print Network

: a speaker array, headphones, and a bone-conduction headset. Analogous to optical-see-through AR-conduction device for sounds that were moving, and that both devices outperformed standard headphones for moving standard headphones. In this paper, we present the first results from a formal, empirical study comparing

Lindeman, Robert W.

417

An Empirical Study on the Effect of School Consolidation in Rural Areas on Student Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With Shaanxi province as an example, this study presents empirical evidence on the effect of primary school consolidation in rural areas on student achievement, using the difference-in-differences method. The results show no significant differences in student achievement between consolidated schools and nonconsolidated schools. If student…

Mei, Dong; Fang, Chang; Yuanyan, Bai

2013-01-01

418

Gaining Access with Social Engineering: An Empirical Study of the Threat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recently, research on information security has expanded from its purely technological orientation into striving to understand and explain the role of human behavior in security breaches. However, an area that has been lacking theory-grounded empirical study is in social engineering attacks. While there exists an extensive body of anecdotal literature, factors that account for attack success remains largely speculative. To

Michael Workman

2007-01-01

419

An empirical study of a full-scale polymer thermochromic window and its implications  

E-print Network

and Urban Systems Department Environmental Energy Technologies Division March 2013 Published in Solar Energy on zone heat balance, not ambient air temperature. Annual energy use data are given to illustrate Energy Materials & Solar Cells 116 (2013) 14-26 An empirical study of a full-scale polymer thermochromic

420

An Empirical Study of Router Response to Large BGP Routing Table Load  

E-print Network

USC/ISI 1 An Empirical Study of Router Response to Large BGP Routing Table Load Di-Fa Chang Ramesh, USA Abstract-- Anecdotal evidence suggests that misconfiguration of back- bone routers occasionally the detailed me- chanics of router response to large BGP routing tables. We examine three commercial grade

Heidemann, John

421

An Empirical Study of Router Response to Large BGP Routing Table Load  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study of Router Response to Large BGP Routing Table Load Di­Fa Chang Ramesh Govindan John Heidemann Abstract--- Anecdotal evidence suggests that misconfiguration of back­ bone routers investigate the detailed me­ chanics of router response to large BGP routing tables. We examine three

Heidemann, John

422

An Empirical Study of Router Response to Large BGP Routing Table Load  

E-print Network

USC/ISI 1 An Empirical Study of Router Response to Large BGP Routing Table Load Di­Fa Chang Ramesh, USA Abstract--- Anecdotal evidence suggests that misconfiguration of back­ bone routers occasionally the detailed me­ chanics of router response to large BGP routing tables. We examine three commercial grade

Heidemann, John

423

An Empirical Study of Router Response to Large BGP Routing Table Load  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study of Router Response to Large BGP Routing Table Load Di-Fa Chang Ramesh Govindan John Heidemann Abstract-- Anecdotal evidence suggests that misconfiguration of back- bone routers investigate the detailed me- chanics of router response to large BGP routing tables. We examine three

Heidemann, John

424

Effect of smartphone aesthetic design on users' emotional reaction : An empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This paper discusses the impact of aesthetic design of smartphones on users' emotional reactions and preferences towards the product. To this end, the paper presents a study that explores emotional reaction of males to varying aesthetic design of the BlackBerry and empirically evaluates their preferences for the BlackBerry in different colours and overlay patterns. The paper then presents

Parul Nanda; Jeff Bos; Kem-Laurin Kramer; Catharine Hay; Jennifer Ignacz

2008-01-01

425

An empirical study of the economies of scale in AC transmission line construction costs  

E-print Network

1 An empirical study of the economies of scale in AC transmission line construction costs Krishnan of transmission construction. Index Terms-- Transmission costs, economies of scale, nominal capacity, available transmission capability. I. INTRODUCTION Transmission construction costs exhibit economies of scale; that is

Baldick, Ross

426

Empirical Study of a Medical Sensor Application in an Urban Emergency Department  

E-print Network

Empirical Study of a Medical Sensor Application in an Urban Emergency Department JeongGil Ko a deployment of a 802.15.4-based wireless sensor network at the Emergency Room of the Johns Hopkins hospital signs monitors that measure the heart rate and blood oxygen levels of Emergency Room patients. During

Amir, Yair

427

Requisite Skills of Entry-Level Programmers: An Empirical Study in Brunei Darussalam.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the results of an empirical study in Brunei Darussalam that identified the types of skills required for entry-level computer programmers. Investigated whether skills were related to organizational size; determined that communications skills were the top requirement, followed by database management systems skills; and discovered a decline…

Rahman, Mohd Noah A.; Rahim, M. Mahbubur; Seyal, Afzaal H.

1999-01-01

428

AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF LEARNING RATES IN DEEP NEURAL NETWORKS FOR SPEECH RECOGNITION  

E-print Network

AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF LEARNING RATES IN DEEP NEURAL NETWORKS FOR SPEECH RECOGNITION Andrew Senior. Index Terms-- Deep neural networks, large vocabulary speech recognition, Voice Search, learning rate,heigold,ranzato,yangke} @google.com ABSTRACT Recent deep neural network systems for large vocabulary speech recognition

Cortes, Corinna

429

Management and employee involvement in achieving an environmental action-based competitive advantage: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this work is to conduct an empirical study that shows whether certain management and human resource factors influence the achievement of an environmental action-based competitive advantage in a company. To this end, we have taken a sample of 110 factories. Management's deep involvement and its strategic integration, as well as employee motivation and participation, have a positive

Jesús Ángel del Brío; Esteban Fernández; Beatriz Junquera

2007-01-01

430

An Empirical Study of the Learning Aspects of Experimental Business Game Playing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This empirical study tests the hypothesis that the presence of information, experience, and time pressure on three different groups of subjects has no significant effect on the decisions made in a specialized business simulation. F-tests and analyses of variance are used to analyze decisions made by 140 individuals. It was found that no discernible difference existed in the decisions of

George c. Philippatos; Donald r. Moscato

1969-01-01

431

Information Contagion: an Empirical Study of the Spread of News on Digg and Twitter Social Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social networks have emerged as a critical factor in infor- mation dissemination, search, marketing, expertise and influ- ence discovery, and potentially an important tool for mobiliz- ing people. Social media has made social networks ubiqui- tous, and also given researchers access to massive quantities of data for empirical analysis. These data sets offer a rich source of evidence for studying

Kristina Lerman; Rumi Ghosh

2010-01-01

432

Empirical Study of Topic Modeling in Twitter Liangjie Hong and Brian D. Davison  

E-print Network

Empirical Study of Topic Modeling in Twitter Liangjie Hong and Brian D. Davison Dept. of Computer}@cse.lehigh.edu ABSTRACT Social networks such as Facebook, LinkedIn, and Twitter have been a crucial source of information for a wide spectrum of users. In Twitter, popular information that is deemed important by the com- munity

Davison, Brian D.

433

Informing the Detection of the Students' Motivational State: An Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ability to detect the students' motivational state during an instruc- tional interaction can bring many benefits to the performance of an Intelligent Tu- toring System (ITS). In this paper we present an empirical study which provided us with a considerable amount of knowledge regarding motivation diagnosis. We show how this knowledge was formalised in order to create a set

Angel De Vicente; Helen Pain

2002-01-01

434

Image Retrieval: Theoretical Analysis and Empirical User Studies on Accessing Information in Images.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses indexing and retrieval for effective searches of digitized images. Reports on an empirical study about criteria for analysis and indexing digitized images, and the different types of user queries done in newspaper image archives in Denmark. Concludes that it is necessary that the indexing represent both a factual and an expressional…

Ornager, Susanne

1997-01-01

435

Domino of the Smart Grid: An Empirical Study of System Behaviors in the Interdependent Network  

E-print Network

1 Domino of the Smart Grid: An Empirical Study of System Behaviors in the Interdependent Network and Limin Sun, Member, IEEE Abstract--The smart grid features a unique network architec- ture that consists bring more threats of cascading failures to the smart grid against the system reliability, which

Wang, Wenye

436

Towards a better understanding of software evolution: An empirical study on open source software  

Microsoft Academic Search

Software evolution is a fact of life. Over the past thirty years, researchers have proposed hypotheses on how soft- ware changes, and provided evidence that both supports and refutes these hypotheses. To paint a clearer image of the software evolution process, we performed an empirical study on long spans in the lifetime of seven open source projects. Our analysis covers

Guowu Xie; Jianbo Chen; Iulian Neamtiu

2009-01-01

437

University-Industry Collaboration, Knowledge Management and Enterprise Innovation Performance: An Empirical Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical study is concerned with university-industry collaboration from a knowledge management perspective. The authors introduce the concepts of "enterprise-level core elements" to define the principle status of an enterprise during university-industry collaboration, and "network embeddedness" as an indication of the closeness of the…

Chen, Jin; Wei, Shiyang

2008-01-01

438

An Empirical Study of the Influence of the Concept of "Job-Hunting" on Graduates' Employment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concept of job-hunting is an important factor affecting university students' employment. This empirical study shows that while hunting for a job, graduates witness negative correlation between their expectation of the nature of work and the demand for occupational types and the accessibility to a post and monthly income; positive correlation…

Chen, Chengwen; Hu, Guiying

2008-01-01

439

An Empirical Assessment of the Mantel-Haenszel Statistic for Studying Differential Item Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effects of number of score groups and inclusion/exclusion of the studied item were examined in an empirical evaluation of the Mantel-Haenszel technique (MHT), using 3,795 elementary school students who took the SRA vocabulary test. Inclusion of four or more score groups yielded stable alpha estimates with the MHT. (SLD)

Raju, Nambury S.; And Others

1989-01-01

440

An Empirical Study of the Influence of User Tailoring on Evaluative Argument Effectiveness  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study of the Influence of User Tailoring on Evaluative Argument Effectiveness Giuseppe Carenini Department of Computer Science University of British Columbia Vancouver, B.C. Canada V6T 1Z4 framework to verify the influence of user tailoring on argument effectiveness. 1 Introduction Evaluative

Carenini, Giuseppe

441

Empirical Study of an Air-to-Air Heat Pipe Heat Exchanger in Tropical Climates  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents the empirical study of a heat pipe heat exchanger that was directly experiencing the ambient tropical air in its evaporator section. The performance of the heat pipe heat exchanger was monitored during two weeks of operation to determine the performance curves. The temperature of return air was controlled at about 22°C as the representative temperature of inside

Y. H. Yau; M. Ahmadzadehtalatapeh

2011-01-01

442

An Empirical Study to Evaluate the Location of Advertisement Panels by Using a Mobile Marketing Tool  

E-print Network

An Empirical Study to Evaluate the Location of Advertisement Panels by Using a Mobile Marketing technology transfers the content of advertisment and collects market research information at the same time. Conven- tional advertisement media were enhanced by devices to automatically measure the number, distance

Maron, Markus

443

Current Clinical Interventions for Smoking Cessation: A Review of Empirical Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reviews all empirical studies on clinically-based smoking cessation interventions that were reported in "Psychological Abstracts" between January 1982 and March 1990. Interventions are categorized as either physiological or psychological in orientation and are further grouped according to specific treatment type: acupuncture,…

Marcellino, Robert Leonard, Jr.

444

Transfer From Offline Trust to Key Online Perceptions: An Empirical Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research has provided little evidence that trust in an offline bank can encourage adoption of the bank's online business. Yet, more and more brick-and-mortar banks and other businesses are investing in online Web sites that supposedly ldquoleveragerdquo positive consumer impressions of their offline business. The main purpose of this study is to test empirically whether or not trust in an

Kun Chang Lee; Inwon Kang; D. Harrison McKnight

2007-01-01

445

Learning About New Products: An Empirical Study of Physicians'Behavior  

E-print Network

Learning About New Products: An Empirical Study of Physicians'Behavior Maria Marta Ferreyra and Grigory Kosenoky September 24, 2009 Abstract We develop and estimate a model of market demand for a new of anti-ulcer prescriptions from Italian physicians between 1990 and 1992 and focus on a new molecule

Sadeh, Norman M.

446

When the Network Crumbles: An Empirical Study of Cloud Network Failures and their Impact on Services  

E-print Network

When the Network Crumbles: An Empirical Study of Cloud Network Failures and their Impact of globally dis- tributed datacenters. A major factor affecting service availability is reliability focus on building scale-out dat- acenter networks, little has been reported on real net- work failures

Bernstein, Phil

447

Is Sustainability Possible? A Review and Commentary on Empirical Studies of Program Sustainability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An important final step in the life cycles of programs and their evaluation involves assessing new programs' or innovations' sustainability. This review and synthesis of 19 empirical studies of the sustainability of American and Canadian health-related programs examines the extent of sustainability achieved and summarizes factors contributing to…

Scheirer, Mary Ann

2005-01-01

448

Results from an Empirical Study of School Principals' Decisions about Disclosure of HIV Status  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Elementary school principals' decisions about disclosure of school age children's confidential medical information was empirically studied. Participants included a stratified sample of 339 elementary school principals from the seven largest school districts in Florida. Each participant received one of six vignettes describing a student with HIV,…

Chenneville, Tiffany

2007-01-01

449

Cultural Aspects of Global Requirements Engineering: An Empirical Chinese-German Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Global software development places extremely high demands on requirements engineering. Learning to combine requirements engineering techniques across national, cultural and language borders presents unique challenges for developers. In this paper, we explore the significant cultural challenges to requirements engineering in global software development. As an empirical case study, we look at the difficulties involved in applying requirements engineering methods to

Patricia Shiroma Brockmann; Thomas Thaumüller

2009-01-01

450

An Empirical Study Comparing the Effect of Feedback, Training and Executive Coaching on Leadership Behavior Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the phenomenal growth of executive coaching in recent years, there has been little empirical research on its effectiveness. Executive coaching is typically delivered with 360 degree feedback and training. This study tests whether there are significant differences in leadership behavior change for participants who: received feedback alone;…

Saling, Nona

2005-01-01

451

The effects of ranging noise on multihop localization: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a study of how empirical ranging characteristics affect multihop localization in wireless sensor networks. We use an objective metric to evaluate a well-established parametric model of ranging called Noisy Disk: if the model accurately predicts the results of a real-world deployment, it sufficiently captures ranging char- acteristics. When the model does not predict accurately, we systematically replace

Kamin Whitehouse; Chris Karlof; Alec Woo; Fred Jiang; David E. Culler

2005-01-01

452

Thai-North American intercultural marriage in the U.S.: A qualitative study of conflict from Thai wives' perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

This exploratory, qualitative study addresses the nature of Thai-North American intercultural marriage from Thai wives' perspectives focusing on conflict issues, conflict management and relationship maintenance techniques. Six women of Thai origin married to North American men and living in the United States were recruited. Data obtained from in-depth interview, conflict diary, and participant observation were translated to English, and qualitatively

Narissara Taweekuakulkit

2005-01-01

453

Extension trial of qigong for fibromyalgia: a quantitative and qualitative study.  

PubMed

This extension trial is an open-label observational trial of 20 subjects with fibromyalgia who undertook level 2 Chaoyi Fanhuan Qigong (CFQ) training following an earlier controlled trial of level 1 CFQ. Subjects practiced 60?min/day for 8 weeks and continued some daily practice for 6 months. Quantitative measures, assessed at baseline, 8 weeks, 4 and 6 months, were of pain, impact, sleep, physical and mental functions, and practice time. Qualitative comments also were recorded. Compared to baselines, CFQ practice led to significant improvements in pain, impact, sleep, and physical function in the 13 subjects (65%) who completed the trial; changes were present at 8 weeks and were maintained for the 6-month trial duration. A highly motivated subgroup of N = 5, who practiced the most, had the best outcomes in terms of end symptomology, and qualitative comments indicated health benefits in other domains as well. Qualitative comments by the remaining N = 8 trial completers and N = 7 withdrawals indicate different experiences with the practice. This extension trial indicates that diligent CFQ practice over time produces significant health gains in fibromyalgia in a subset of individuals. Future studies will need to address factors that might predispose to favourable outcomes. PMID:24069054

Sawynok, Jana; Lynch, Mary; Marcon, Dana

2013-01-01

454

Men's reflections on participating in cancer rehabilitation: a systematic review of qualitative studies 2000-2013.  

PubMed

This paper aims to report on a systematic review of qualitative studies on men's reflections on participating in cancer rehabilitation. Nine databases were systematically searched to identify qualitative papers published between 2000 and 2013. Papers were selected by pre-defined inclusion criteria and subsequently critically appraised. Key themes were extracted and synthesised. Fifteen papers were selected and represented. Four central themes were identified in the analytical process: 'changed life perspective', 'the masculinity factor', 'a desire to get back to normal' and 'the meaning of work'. Six peripheral themes were identified: 'the meaning of context', 'music', 'physical training', 'religion', 'humour' and 'the unmentionable'. The themes were synthesised into an integrative model representing men's reflections on participating in cancer rehabilitation. We conclude that existing qualitative literature offers insight into men's reflections on cancer rehabilitation and highlights the interrelationship between men's reflections on their changed life perspective, masculinity, orientation towards a normal life and getting back to work. Further research-based knowledge is needed to explore (1) the underlying causes and patterns of the men's needs, preferences and choices in rehabilitation; and (2) the health professional perspective on male cancer rehabilitation. PMID:24118299

Handberg, C; Nielsen, C V; Lomborg, K

2014-03-01

455

Understanding participation in sport and physical activity among children and adults: a review of qualitative studies.  

PubMed

Qualitative research may be able to provide an answer as to why adults and children do or do not participate in sport and physical activity. This paper systematically examines published and unpublished qualitative research studies of UK children's and adults' reasons for participation and non-participation in sport and physical activity. The review covers peer reviewed and gray literature from 1990 to 2004. Papers were entered into review if they: aimed to explore the participants' experiences of sport and physical activity and reasons for participation or non-participation in sport and physical activity, collected information on participants who lived in the United Kingdom and presented data collected using qualitative methods. From >1200 papers identified in the initial search, 24 papers met all inclusion criteria. The majority of these reported research with young people based in community settings. Weight management, social interaction and enjoyment were common reasons for participation in sport and physical activity. Concerns about maintaining a slim body shape motivated participation among young girls. Older people identified the importance of sport and physical activity in staving off the effects of aging and providing a social support network. Challenges to identity such as having to show others an unfit body, lacking confidence and competence in core skills or appearing overly masculine were barriers to participation. PMID:16857780

Allender, Steven; Cowburn, Gill; Foster, Charlie

2006-12-01

456

Extension Trial of Qigong for Fibromyalgia: A Quantitative and Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

This extension trial is an open-label observational trial of 20 subjects with fibromyalgia who undertook level 2 Chaoyi Fanhuan Qigong (CFQ) training following an earlier controlled trial of level 1 CFQ. Subjects practiced 60?min/day for 8 weeks and continued some daily practice for 6 months. Quantitative measures, assessed at baseline, 8 weeks, 4 and 6 months, were of pain, impact, sleep, physical and mental functions, and practice time. Qualitative comments also were recorded. Compared to baselines, CFQ practice led to significant improvements in pain, impact, sleep, and physical function in the 13 subjects (65%) who completed the trial; changes were present at 8 weeks and were maintained for the 6-month trial duration. A highly motivated subgroup of N = 5, who practiced the most, had the best outcomes in terms of end symptomology, and qualitative comments indicated health benefits in other domains as well. Qualitative comments by the remaining N = 8 trial completers and N = 7 withdrawals indicate different experiences with the practice. This extension trial indicates that diligent CFQ practice over time produces significant health gains in fibromyalgia in a subset of individuals. Future studies will need to address factors that might predispose to favourable outcomes. PMID:24069054

Lynch, Mary; Marcon, Dana

2013-01-01

457

Examining the practice of generalist expertise: a qualitative study identifying constraints and solutions  

PubMed Central

Objectives Provision of person-centred generalist care is a core component of quality primary care systems. The World Health Organisation believes that a lack of generalist primary care is contributing to inefficiency, ineffectiveness and inequity in healthcare. In UK primary care, General Practitioners (GPs) are the largest group of practising generalists. Yet GPs fulfil multiple roles and the pressures of delivering these roles along with wider contextual changes create real challenges to generalist practice. Our study aimed to explore GP perceptions of enablers and constraints for expert generalist care, in order to identify what is needed to ensure health systems are designed to support the generalist role. Design Qualitative study in General Practice. Setting UK primary care. Main outcome measures A qualitative study – interviews, surveys and focus groups with GPs and GP trainees. Data collection and analysis was informed by Normalisation Process Theory. Design and setting Qualitative study in General Practice. We conducted interviews, surveys and focus groups with GPs and GP trainees based mainly, but not exclusively, in the UK. Data collection and analysis were informed by Normalization Process Theory. Participants UK based GPs (interview and surveys); European GP trainees (focus groups). Results Our findings highlight key gaps in current training and service design which may limit development and implementation of expert generalist practice (EGP). These include the lack of a consistent and universal understanding of the distinct expertise of EGP, competing priorities inhibiting the delivery of EGP, lack of the consistent development of skills in interpretive practice and a lack of resources for monitoring EGP. Conclusions We describe four areas for change: Translating EGP, Priority setting for EGP, Trusting EGP and Identifying the impact of EGP. We outline proposals for work needed in each area to help enhance the expert generalist role. PMID:24475347

Reeve, Joanne; Dowrick, Christopher F; Freeman, George K; Gunn, Jane; Mair, Frances; May, Carl; Mercer, Stewart; Palmer, Victoria; Howe, Amanda; Irving, Greg; Shiner, Alice; Watson, Jessica

2013-01-01

458

Qualitative Simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative simulation is a key inference process in qualitative causal reasoning. However, the precise meaning of the different proposals and their relation with differential equations is often unclear. In this paper, we present a precise definition of qualitative structure and behavior descriptions as abstractions of differential equations and continuously differentiable functions. We present a new algorithm for qualitative simulation that

Benjamin Kuipers

1986-01-01

459

New vaccine adoption: qualitative study of national decision-making processes in seven low- and middle-income countries.  

PubMed

As more new and improved vaccines become available, decisions on which to adopt into routine programmes become more frequent and complex. This qualitative study aimed to explore processes of national decision-making around new vaccine adoption and to understand the factors affecting these decisions. Ninety-five key informant interviews were conducted in seven low- and middle-income countries: Bangladesh, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Kenya, Mali and South Africa. Framework analysis was used to explore issues both within and between countries. The underlying driver for adoption decisions in GAVI-eligible countries was the desire to seize GAVI windows of opportunity for funding. By contrast, in South Africa and Guatemala, non-GAVI-eligible countries, the decision-making process was more rooted in internal and political dynamics. Decisions to adopt new vaccines are, by nature, political. The main drivers influencing decisions were the availability of funding, political prioritization of vaccination or the vaccine-preventable disease and the burden of disease. Other factors, such as financial sustainability and feasibility of introduction, were not as influential. Although GAVI procedures have established more formality in decision-making, they did not always result in consideration of all relevant factors. As familiarity with GAVI procedures increased, questioning by decision-makers about whether a country should apply for funding appeared to have diminished. This is one of the first studies to empirically investigate national processes of new vaccine adoption decision-making using rigorous methods. Our findings show that previous decision-making frameworks (developed to guide or study national decision-making) bore little resemblance to real-life decisions, which were dominated by domestic politics. Understanding the realities of vaccine policy decision-making is critical for developing strategies to encourage improved evidence-informed decision-making about new vaccine adoptions. The potential for international initiatives to encourage evidence-informed decision-making should be realised, not assumed. PMID:22513732

Burchett, H E D; Mounier-Jack, S; Griffiths, U K; Biellik, R; Ongolo-Zogo, P; Chavez, E; Sarma, H; Uddin, J; Konate, M; Kitaw, Y; Molla, M; Wakasiaka, S; Gilson, L; Mills, A

2012-05-01

460

International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 62, 105-125 (2005). INTERFACE CHANGES CAUSING ACCIDENTS. AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF  

E-print Network

International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 62, 105-125 (2005). INTERFACE CHANGES CAUSING in "International Journal of Human-Computer Studies 62, 1 (2005) Pages 105-125" DOI : 10.1016/j.ijhcs.2004 ACCIDENTS. AN EMPIRICAL STUDY OF NEGATIVE TRANSFER Denis BESNARD School of Computing Science University

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

461

Spouses in mixed-orientation marriage: a 20-year review of empirical studies.  

PubMed

Empirical studies on mixed-orientation marriage in social science journals from 1988 to 2008 were reviewed. Fifteen articles published in eight peer-reviewed journals were identified and discussed in terms of sampling, design, measures, rigor, theoretical framework, and literature review. An overview of each study is provided along with a summary of critical findings. Implications and recommendations for future research and education are offered. PMID:21745233

Hernandez, Barbara Couden; Schwenke, Naomi J; Wilson, Colwick M

2011-07-01

462

Evolving guidelines for publication of qualitative research studies in psychology and related fields.  

PubMed

We present a set of evolving guidelines for reviewing qualitative research, to serve four functions: to contribute to the process of legitimizing qualitative research; to ensure more appropriate and valid scientific reviews of qualitative manuscripts, theses, and dissertations; to encourage better quality control in qualitative research through better self- and other-monitoring; and to encourage further developments in approach and method. Building on a review of existing principles of good practice in qualitative research, we used an iterative process of revision and feedback from colleagues who engage in qualitative research, resulting in a set of seven guidelines common to both qualitative and quantitative research and seven guidelines especially pertinent to qualitative investigations in psychology and related social sciences. The Evolving Guidelines are subject to continuing revision and should not be used in a rigid manner, in order to avoid stifling creativity in this rapidly evolving, rich research tradition. PMID:10532145

Elliott, R; Fischer, C T; Rennie, D L

1999-09-01

463

Problems with a 'target' approach to access in primary care: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

We report an analysis of the qualitative phase of a study of patients' and carers' views of primary care services, focusing on their experiences of access to face-to-face general practitioner (GP) consultations during the period when new access policies were being implemented. Practices interpreted the new policy in various ways; restricted interpretations, including restriction of access to telephone booking, could cause distress to patients. Patients and carers welcomed flexible interpretations of the policy that offered choice, such as a choice of GP, or of booking in advance. PMID:15113520

Windridge, Kate; Tarrant, Carolyn; Freeman, George K; Baker, Richard; Boulton, Mary; Low, Janet

2004-01-01

464

Exploring resilience and borderline personality disorder: a qualitative study of pairs of sisters.  

PubMed

Research indicates that a proportion of children exposed to childhood abuse develop psychological symptoms and are at risk for borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, not all maltreated children develop BPD as adults. This qualitative study explores some of the protective factors that contribute to resilient outcomes. The methods involved interviewing pairs of sisters who both experienced childhood abuse and family dysfunction but only one of whom developed BPD. The themes that emerged included individual, family, external and novel factors (acceptance of the past and the meaning of children). These findings could be helpful for understanding mechanisms of resilience in populations at risk. PMID:24700757

Paris, Joel; Perlin, Jewel; Laporte, Lise; Fitzpatrick, Marilyn; DeStefano, Jack

2014-08-01

465

How Black women make sense of 'White' and 'Black' fashion magazines: a qualitative think aloud study.  

PubMed

This qualitative think aloud study explored how Black women (n = 32) processed information from a White or Black fashion magazine. Comments to the 'White' magazine were characterised by rejection, being critical of the media and ambivalence, whereas they responded to the 'Black' magazine with celebration, identification and a search for depth. Transcending these themes was their self-identity of being a Black woman that was brought to the fore either by a sense of exclusion (White magazine) or engagement (Black magazine). Such an identity provides resilience against the media's thin ideals by minimising the processes of social comparison and internalisation. PMID:23221493

Ogden, Jane; Russell, Sheriden

2013-12-01

466

A qualitative study of incarcerated mothers' perceptions of the impact of separation on their children.  

PubMed

Many incarcerated women are mothers, and their children exhibit various responses to the separation that incarceration commands. This exploratory qualitative study examines incarcerated women's perceptions of the consequences of their illegal activity, confinement, and separation from their children on their offspring. The results indicate that although mothers are concerned about their children, they are typically unable to recognize the negative consequences of their actions on their children and their relationship with their children until beginning intensive treatment. Effective treatment must focus on the woman's personal issues along with their parenting abilities and skills to repair these relationships and promote healthy family functioning. PMID:22239380

Gilham, Jerry Jo M

2012-01-01

467

Stakeholders' views of service quality in community pharmacy: a qualitative study.  

PubMed

This study investigates the views of a range of stakeholders regarding the effectiveness of service quality as a differentiating position for community pharmacy. Using qualitative methodology, 20 in-depth interviews were conducted with various stakeholders of the retail pharmacy market, including community pharmacists. It was found that current service levels were perceived to be variable, with a strong level of concern evident that the rhetoric of professionalism in community pharmacy is not always matched by the reality. There was disagreement regarding whether potential market entrants such as supermarkets would be capable of delivering a high quality of service and indeed whether that would even be their objective. PMID:20155550

White, Lesley; Clark, Christopher

2010-01-01

468

Community perceptions of intimate partner violence - a qualitative study from urban Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Intimate partner violence against women is a prevailing public health problem in Tanzania, where four of ten women have a\\u000a lifetime exposure to physical or sexual violence by their male partners. To be able to suggest relevant and feasible community\\u000a and health care based interventions, we explored community members' understanding and their responses to intimate partner\\u000a violence.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A qualitative study

Rose M Laisser; Lennarth Nyström; Helen I Lugina; Maria Emmelin

2011-01-01

469

'Permission to participate?' A qualitative study of participation in patients from differing socio-economic backgrounds.  

PubMed

Participation in health care is an important element of self-management in chronic illness, and policy emphasises patient's choice. Evidence suggests that this may be inequitable and inadequate, since active participation is strongly associated with socio-demographic variables. This qualitative study explores the perceptions of participation in people with differing socio-economic status with themes related to health literacy and relationship with health-care professionals. Patients perceive participation in different ways, related to their prior expectations of a health-care consultation, cultural expectations and social position. Policies aimed at simply improving 'health literacy' and choice will not be successful if these broader disparities are not addressed. PMID:23104997

Protheroe, Joanne; Brooks, Helen; Chew-Graham, Carolyn; Gardner, Caroline; Rogers, Anne

2013-08-01

470

[Qualitative study of the acceptance and the requirements of a clinical skills lab at a university of veterinary medicine].  

PubMed

In the education of veterinary medicine undergraduate students are taught theoretical knowledge and practical clinical skills in order to become practically trained professionals. A possibility to teach practical skills is a center for clinical skills ("Clinical Skills Lab"). Students can train skills and gain experience through frequent repetitions of exercises. To respect animal welfare and introduce alternative methods to animal testing simulators and models are used in such a skills lab. In the current study the demands for a center for clinical skills and its equipment should be identified. The hypothesis should be proven, that students and teachers of veterinary medicine are highly motivated to enhance the education in practical skills. Focus group interviews were conducted with students, veterinarians (private practitioners), lecturers of veterinary medicine and experts for simulation of clinical skills. Needs and requirements of students participating in skills lab classes were identified.The interviews were conducted in individual or in group interviews. Many opinions, topics and needs were expressed, from which great benefit for the development of the skills lab can be drawn. The hypothesis that a skills lab is supported by all participants had to be rejected. Especially students were afraid of this new lab, because no former experience existed. In the interviews many needs and requirements were raised. However, they could easily be summarized to formulate an accurate list of requirements for the Clinical Skills Lab. A Skills Lab planned taking into consideration the results of this qualitative study will have a positive impact on veterinary medical education and teaching. According to empirical values of experts from other Skills Labs a widespread acceptance by the users can be expected on a long-term basis. PMID:24693652

Rösch, Tanja; Schaper, Elisabeth; Tipold, Andrea; Fischer, Martin R; Ehlers, Jan P

2014-01-01

471

Barriers to Middle-Aged Women's Mental Health: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background: Middle-aged women encounter some barriers to their mental health, putting them at great risk for developing mental disorders. Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore barriers to middle-aged women’s mental health. Materials and Methods: This was a qualitative content analysis study conducted in 2013 in Kashan, Iran. A purposive, maximum variation sample of 23 middle-aged women was recruited to the study. Data were collected by conducting semi-structured individual interviews. We employed the conventional qualitative content analysis approach for data analysis. Results: Barriers to middle-aged women’s mental health fell into two main themes including ‘increased life concerns’ and ‘physical and psychological tensions’. The two sub-categories of the first theme included having mental concerns and increased burden of roles. The second main theme also consisted of two categories including perceived undesirable physical changes and perceived undesirable psychological changes. Conclusions: Experiences of middle-aged women showed that culturally appropriate interventions to alleviate the concerns of life, physical and mental stress is essential to preserve stability of mental health. PMID:25068059

Sharifi, Khadijeh; Anoosheh, Monireh; Foroughan, Mahshid; Kazemnejad, Anushirvan

2014-01-01

472

Disabled women?s maternal and newborn health care in rural Nepal: A qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objective there is little evidence about disabled women?s access to maternal and newborn health services in low-income countries and few studies consult disabled women themselves to understand their experience of care and care seeking. Our study explores disabled women?s experiences of maternal and newborn care in rural Nepal. Design we used a qualitative methodology, using semi-structured interviews. Setting rural Makwanpur District of central Nepal. Participants we purposively sampled married women with different impairments who had delivered a baby in the past 10 years from different topographical areas of the district. We also interviewed maternal health workers. We compared our findings with a recent qualitative study of non-disabled women in the same district to explore the differences between disabled and non-disabled women. Findings married disabled women considered pregnancy and childbirth to be normal and preferred to deliver at home. Issues of quality, cost and lack of family support were as pertinent for disabled women as they were for their non-disabled peers. Health workers felt unprepared to meet the maternal health needs of disabled women. Key conclusions and implications for practice integration of disability into existing Skilled Birth Attendant training curricula may improve maternal health care for disabled women. There is a need to monitor progress of interventions that encourage institutional delivery through the use of disaggregated data, to check that disabled women are benefiting equally in efforts to improve access to maternal health care. PMID:24768318

Morrison, Joanna; Basnet, Machhindra; Budhathoki, Bharat; Adhikari, Dhruba; Tumbahangphe, Kirti; Manandhar, Dharma; Costello, Anthony; Groce, Nora

2014-01-01

473

Experiences of hospitalization in patients with multiple sclerosis: A qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Background: Patients with multiple sclerosis experience hospitalization several times in their lives. Certainly, providing efficient and high-quality care by healthcare professionals is not possible unless the experiences of patients’ hospitalization are taken into consideration. This qualitative study was aimed to identify experiences of patients with multiple sclerosis in their hospitalization. Materials and Methods: A qualitative content analysis method was used to conduct this study. The study participants were 25 patients with multiple sclerosis, who were chosen by purposeful sampling. Data were collected through non-structured interviews. Results: The analysis resulted in the emergence of 4 themes and 11 subthemes. The main themes were: Religiosity, emotional reactions, seeking support, and feeling of being in a cage. Conclusions: Awareness of families and healthcare providers of the reactions of patients with multiple sclerosis to hospitalization will help them to deal effectively with patients and to improve relationships with them. However, by understanding the patients’ experiences, the practitioners gain expertise and can join in the patients’ health journey in a therapeutic way during the hospitalization period. In addition, the findings can serve to create a framework for developing nursing care processes including informational and supporting programs for multiple sclerosis patients during hospitalization while taking into consideration patients’ needs and cultural backgrounds. PMID:24949063

Ghafari, Somayeh; Fallahi-Khoshknab, Masoud; Norouzi, Kian; Mohamadi, Eisa

2014-01-01

474

Performing masculinity, influencing health: a qualitative mixed-methods study of young Spanish men  

PubMed Central

Background The literature shows how gender mandates contribute to differences in exposure and vulnerability to certain health risk factors. This paper presents the results of a study developed in the south of Spain, where research aimed at understanding men from a gender perspective is still limited. Objective The aim of this paper is to explore the lay perceptions and meanings ascribed to the idea of masculinity, identifying ways in which gender displays are related to health. Design The study is based on a mixed-methods data collection strategy typical of qualitative research. We performed a qualitative content analysis focused on manifest and latent content. Results Our analysis showed that the relationship between masculinity and health was mainly defined with regard to behavioural explanations with an evident performative meaning. With regard to issues such as driving, the use of recreational drugs, aggressive behaviour, sexuality, and body image, important connections were established between manhood acts and health outcomes. Different ways of understanding and performing the male identity also emerged from the results. The findings revealed the implications of these aspects in the processes of change in the identity codes of men and women. Conclusions The study provides insights into how the category ‘man’ is highly dependent on collective practices and performative acts. Consideration of how males perform manhood acts might be required in guidance on the development of programmes and policies aimed at addressing gender inequalities in health in a particular local context. PMID:24044583

Marcos, Jorge Marcos; Aviles, Nuria Romo; Lozano, Maria del Rio; Cuadros, Juan Palomares; Calvente, Maria del Mar Garcia

2013-01-01

475

Qualitative Task Analysis to Enhance Sports Characterization: A Surfing Case Study  

PubMed Central

The aim of this study was to develop a Matrix of Analysis for Sports Tasks (MAST), regardless of the sports activity, based on practice classification and task analysis. Being this a qualitative research our main question was: in assessing sports’ structure is it possible to make the characterization of any discipline through context and individuals’ behaviours? The sample was within a surf discipline in a competition flowing having 5 of the top 16 Portuguese surfers training together. Based on a qualitative method, studying the surf as the main activity was an interpretative study case. The MAST was applied in four phases: taxonomy; tasks and context description; task analysis; teaching and performance strategies. Its application allowed the activities’ characterization through the observation, surfer’s opinions and bibliographical support. The triangulation of the data was used as an information data treatment. The elements were classified by the challenges proposed to the practitioners and the taxonomy was constituted by the sport activities, group, modality and discipline. Surf is a discipline of surfing which is a sliding sport modality, therefore, a nature sport. In the context description, we had the wave’s components and constraints and the surfboards’ qualities. Through task analysis we obtained a taxonomy of surf manoeuvres. The structural and functional analysis allowed finding solutions for learning of surf techniques with trampoline and skateboards because these fit in sliding sports. MAST makes possible the development of strategies that benefit teaching and performance intervention.

Moreira, Miguel; Peixoto, César

2014-01-01

476

Patients' Perception of Comfort Facilitators During Hemodialysis Procedure: A Qualitative Study  

PubMed Central

Background: The patients receiving hemodialysis spend a lot of their lifetime in the hemodialysis departments, which is an unpleasant experience. Therefore, some interventions are necessary to relieve this experience. Objectives: The current study aimed to explore the hemodialysis patients' perceptions of comfort facilitators during the hemodialysis procedure. Patients and Methods: This study was conducted by a qualitative content analysis approach. Twenty four patients receiving hemodialysis participated in this study by purposive sampling. The sampling was over when the data saturation occurred. The semi-structured interviews were applied as the main data gathering tool. The data analysis was conducted by conventional qualitative content analysis in eight phases. Results: Three themes emerged: The presence of competent nurses, the delightful presence of the others, and coping with comfort obstacles. Each theme consisted of some categories. Conclusions: It seems that to achieve the patients' comfort during the hemodialysis procedure, the health care teams, hospitals in charge and the patients themselves have to do their best to provide the patients' comfort. PMID:25237587

Borzou, Seyed Reza; Anosheh, Monireh; Mohammadi, Esa; Kazemnejad, Anoshirvan

2014-01-01

477

A Qualitative Assessment of Internal Factors for Tattooing among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This empirical study utilized, qualitative methodology, appraising internal factors used by students regarding tattoo decision-making. Twenty-four students, in two qualitative research waves of data collection, provided in-depth interviews about their personal constructs regarding choosing to tattoo. Results showed evidence of intrinsic…

Tse, Luke M.; Firmin, Michael W.; Angelini, Tammy; Foster, Janna

2012-01-01

478

Qualitative Research in Career Development: Content Analysis from 1990 to 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A content analysis of 11 journals that published career, vocational, and work-related articles from 1990 to 2009 was conducted. Of 3,279 articles analyzed, 55.9% used quantitative methods and 35.5% were theoretical/conceptual articles. Only 6.3% used qualitative research methods. Among the qualitative empirical studies, standards of academic rigor…

Stead, Graham B.; Perry, Justin C.; Munka, Linda M.; Bonnett, Heather R.; Shiban, Abbey P.; Care, Esther

2012-01-01

479

Therapist characteristics that predict the outcome of multipatient psychotherapy: systematic review of empirical studies.  

PubMed

We defined multipatient psychotherapy as the set of psychotherapeutic techniques applied with more than one patient in the room. Assumptions of what makes a psychotherapist effective guide training programmes but may not be supported by evidence. We need to identify the empirical data on what makes a multipatient psychotherapist effective. We undertook the systematic review of empirical studies which correlate therapist characteristics with measurable patient outcome in multipatient psychotherapy. We found that the scientific literature on the topic is broad and heterogeneous in scope, studying demographic, professional and psychosocial characteristics of the therapists, but is poor in quality. The most solid results are that ethnic matching improves the outcome of family therapy with drug abusing adolescents in some ethnic minorities and that therapist knowledge patterns affect patient satisfaction. We concluded that the therapist characteristics that affect clinical outcome seem to be internal to the therapist and depend on the patient treated. PMID:24582149

Sánchez-Bahíllo, Ángel; Aragón-Alonso, Aurora; Sánchez-Bahíllo, María; Birtle, Jan

2014-06-01

480

Preparation to teach agricultural mechanics: a qualitative case study of expert agricultural science and technology teachers in Texas  

E-print Network

and experiences that were associated with their success. This study used qualitative measures to identify factors that enabled certain agricultural science and technology teachers who were more noted in teaching of agricultural mechanics to be more successful than...

Ford, Richard Kirby

2006-04-12

481

Building Toward a Consistent Program Evaluation: A Qualitative Study of Community Reaction to Development Programs in Limón, Costa Rica  

E-print Network

of evaluation and logic models found in the review of literature. The researcher adopted a naturalistic case study approach intended to retain the natural context of the community setting and provide a holistic understanding of community perceptions. Qualitative...

Shane, Caleb Jonathan

2012-10-19

482

Two Qualitative Case Studies Examining the Parent-Child Interaction in Home-Based Musical Play Experiences.  

E-print Network

??ABSTRACT Two qualitative studies described the effects of parent's participation in the music therapy session on parent-child interaction during home-based musical experiences learned in music… (more)

Choi, Yoon Kyoung

2013-01-01

483

From Faculty Development to the Classroom: A Qualitative Study of How Nurse Educators Turn Faculty Development into Action  

E-print Network

The purpose of this qualitative study was to better understand the transfer of learning by uncovering how various factors supported the integration of knowledge and skills gleaned from the Faculty Development: Integrated ...

Rock, Kim Zuschek

2012-05-31

484

What Should Developers Be Aware Of? An Empirical Study on the Directives of API Documentation  

E-print Network

Application Programming Interfaces (API) are exposed to developers in order to reuse software libraries. API directives are natural-language statements in API documentation that make developers aware of constraints and guidelines related to the usage of an API. This paper presents the design and the results of an empirical study on the directives of API documentation of object-oriented libraries. Its main contribution is to propose and extensively discuss a taxonomy of 23 kinds of API directives.

Monperrus, Martin; Tekes, Elif; Mezini, Mira

2012-01-01

485

An empirical study of privacy-violating information flows in JavaScript web applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dynamic nature of JavaScript web applications has given rise to the possibility of privacy violating information flows. We present an empirical study of the prevalence of such flows on a large number of popular websites. We have (1) designed an expressive, fine-grained information flow policy language that allows us to specify and detect different kinds of privacy-violating flows in

Dongseok Jang; Ranjit Jhala; Sorin Lerner; Hovav Shacham

2010-01-01

486

The effects of web mapping applications on user satisfaction: an empirical study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter describes an empirical study to develop a dynamic usability framework for spatial domain applications. The framework\\u000a consists of five interrelated abstraction levels, which are hypothesis, typology, variables, elements, and measures. Each\\u000a abstraction level has provided the theoretical basis for the des